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Prepared for publication by 
The Division of Archives and History 


Dirtctor and Statt Historian 





v t> 


Volume V 


List and description of illustrations v 

List and description of maps and plan vi 

Preface vii 

Post-War Period. I 763-1 774 I 




General Thomas Gage 30 

From a portrait in possession of the general's family. Autograph from 
Sumner's History of East Boston. 

Johnson Hall before recent restorations 92 

From a photograph in 1907. 

Rear view of Fort Johnson 150 

From a photograph in 1907. 

Pontiac ! 294 

From The Thirteen Colonies, by Helen Ainslie Smith. 

Eleazar Wheelock 304 

From A History of Dartmouth College, by Frederick Chase 

Joseph Brant 344 

Copy of a painting by G. Romney in the collection of the Earl of 

Thomas Penn 390 

From The Thirteen Colonics, by Helen Ainslie Smith. 

James Duane 546 

From A Godchild of Washington, by Katharine Schuyler Baxter. 

Lord Shelburne 566 

From the painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Autograph from Correspond- 
ence of the Earl of Chatham. 

Robert Rogers 632 

From Fort Ticonderoga in History, by Helen Ives 

Sir William Johnson's Dining Table 682 

In Albany Institute of History and Art. 

Benjamin Franklin 854 

From the portrait by Duplessis in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 
Autograph in the Declaration of Independence. 




Boundary line to be drawn between whites and Indians 286 

The original annexed to the report of the board of trade, dated March 
7, 1768. 

A tract north of the Mohawk 394 

From a survey made by Isaac Vrooman for Sir William Johnson, 23—27 
October, 1764. 

Fort Stanwix 612 

From Documentary History of New York. 



A variety of historic matter is presented in the fifth volume 
of The Papers of Sir William Johnson. It covers a period closely 
following the events that distinguished the conspiracy of Pontiac. 
This period embraces the submission of Pontiac to Johnson at 
Fort Ontario in the summer of 1 766. Indian resistance to Eng- 
lish occupation of the western territory ceded to England by 
the treaty of 1 763, the attachment of the Western tribes to the 
French regime and their hope of seeing that rule restored, as 
well as the political activity of French traders, are displayed in 
these pages. 

A subject which fills no slight portion of the work is Indian 
trade, the magnitude of which from Oswego to Fort Chartres 
on the Mississippi in the 12 years preceding the Revolution can 
be appreciated by few but the special student of this feature of 
colonial expansion. The direction of trade activity required 
unfailing attention from Johnson, adding immensely to his 
responsibilities. As will be seen, his difficulties were heightened 
by the inability of his superiors in London to understand that 
the conquest of New France and the acquisition of a vast terri- 
tory had enlarged the Indian problem and must increase the 
expense of administering the department in what the British 
ministry was striving to make an era of economy for the Crown. 
Connected with this problem was the regulation of trade through 
commissaries at the army posts and its confinement to those 
places. The history of the undertaking, against the opposition 
of French and English traders, and of its abandonment in favor 
of management by the colonies belongs to this and the succeeding 
volume. The injury to frontier trade arising from the ill-regulated 
sale of liquor, and the destructive effect of this traffic on the 
savages, are also shown. 

Here too appear the beginnings of a movement to form a 
colony in the Illinois country, which was favored by Johnson 


viii Preface 

and Governor William Franklin of New Jersey and had the 
countenance of Benjamin Franklin. Of much interest is Robert 
Rogers' ambitious attempt to set up a government at Michili- 
mackinac, in the Northwest, marked by a dispute with the 
commissary at that post. 

Agitations and disturbances attending the passage and disas- 
trous enforcement of the Stamp Act have place in the present 
collection. The most distinctive feature of the correspondence 
related to this and other efforts to obtain a revenue from the 
colonies and assert the authority of Parliament is Johnson's want 
of sympathy with forcible resistance to that authority. His 
attitude becomes more pronounced in subsequent papers. Much 
is to be gathered from expressions in letters written to him by 
men in his confidence. The supervision exercised by the com- 
mander in chief of the military forces in America over expendi- 
tures for the Indian service required frequent communication 
between that officer and the head of the department. The 
correspondence between Johnson and the generals holding the 
chief position is a large and important part of the entire series. 

The affairs of Canada, in which Johnson exercised a control 
over Indian nations, and where he was regularly represented by 
an agent, are matters of description and discussion in these 
papers, which indicate m some measure the progress of events 
toward the consolidation of that province as a member state in 
the British empire. Here Sir Guy Carleton comes into notice, 
a man destined to be a prominent actor in the Revolutionary 
struggle and in the development of the Canadian provinces. His 
desire to exercise a measure of direction over Indian trade is 
sufficiently indicated. 

Johnson's correspondence with the lords of trade and the 
secretaries for the colonies throws light on the difficulties of his 
position and the sentiments and views which he needed to 
influence or conciliate. Much of this correspondence is found 
in the Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State 
of New York, but is here described in extracts from the Johnson 



The business involving New York lands has a conspicuous 
place in this collection of papers. The fever of speculation was 
not abating in the colonies or in England. To allow this 
interest a reasonable freedom and still defend the rights of the 
Indians and redress their most flagrant wrongs was not the least 
difficult of the tasks committed to the superintendent of Indian 
affairs in the years here considered. In the same period John- 
son engaged in an effort to perfect his claim to the land which 
was given him late in 1 760 by the Canajoharie Indians. 
Approval of his memorial to the king in 1 767 prepared the way 
for the royal grant nearly two years later. 

Outrages suffered by settlers along the Pennsylvania frontier 
in the French War aroused a rage and hatred which sought 
satisfaction during later years in the murder of Indians. These 
crimes were sometimes committed on a large scale. The labors 
of Johnson to prevent such offenses and to procure punishment 
for offenders, who usually had the sympathy and often the pro- 
tection of the communities in which they lived, were unremitting, 
as were his exertions to restrain the Indian nations from bloody 
retaliation. The bad relations of whites and Indians were aggra- 
vated by persistent encroachments of settlers on the Indian hunt- 
ing grounds. 

Of uncommon interest and value is the correspondence, abund- 
antly represented in this volume, maintained for some years 
between Johnson and leading clergymen of the Church of Eng- 
land, concerning the state and prospects of that church in the 
American colonies. These correspondents included Daniel 
Burton, secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts, and men of such prominence in Amer- 
ica as William Smith of Philadelphia, founder of the seminary 
which became the University of Pennsylvania; Richard Peters 
of Philadelphia; Samuel Auchmuty, rector of Trinity Church, 
New York City; Samuel Johnson, first president of King's 
College; Myles Cooper, a later president of the same institu- 
tion; Charles Inglis, after the Revolution the first bishop of 
Nova Scotia; and Thomas Bradbury Chandler, a noted con- 

x Preface 

troversialist of that day. To obtain an Anglican bishop for 
America, to enlist the English Establishment and the Govern- 
ment in efforts to support and extend the Church in the colonies, 
and to enlarge the work of converting the Indians to Christianity 
were undertakings which this interchange of sentiments was 
intended to forward. 

Alexander C. Flick 
Director, Division of Archives 

and History, and State Historian 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 297, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of January 1st, 1 766, from De Couagne, 
Niagara, to say that men are reported to be trading at Toronto and 
near Caterackque, and that many Indians are going to war against the 
Flattheads; one of the 3d from John Brown and Matthew Lyne, 
Schonactady, considering the petition to obtain a charter for a church 
and the probable effect of the charter and Johnson's patronage on local 
opposition to the established church; one of the 3d from John Duncan. 
Schenectady, about Mr Dykman's affair, disputes over the new charter, 
criticisms of the taxing and licensing powers, of the boundaries of the 
corporation and the life tenure of aldermen, the attitude of the Sons of 
Liberty and the coming mayor's feast; and one of the 4th from Jacob 
Dyckman, Kings Bridge, describing the paralysis of law and government, 
and the anger in England over the Virginia resolves. 


Df. 1 

Johnson-hall Jan*. 7 th . 1766 
Dear Sir 

I have but Just received Your favour of the 25 th . ult° and 
thank you for the Expediting my Accounts. I am a good deal 
surprised We have not heard from Capt Stirling, 2 but am not 
verry apprehensive about it as I should certainly have heard 
from the Ind s . if he had met with any other obstructions than 
what must arise from the Length of his Journey. I lately heard 
that the abandoning the Outposts had been much talked of, & 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in the hand- 
writing of Guy Johnson. 

2 Sir Thomas Stirling, captain in the 42d regiment. 

2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Imagine the Americans were the first who Suggested that Step 
for several reasons, as this is a very Serious point I shall Give 
you my opinion on it as fully & Clearly as I can do by Letter, 
and should it merit your approbation you can make what use 
you please of it. 

I shall consider the Posts as they now stand, & the reasons 
which have Induced the Ind s . to Complain of some of them, & 
then observe the Advantages & Disadvantages to be derived from 


The Maintaining Outposts in this Country meerly for the dis- 
tressing Indians cannot answer that end our Force not being 
Sufficient to enable us to keep up large Garrisons, & the Com- 
munications are liable to be Greatly obstructed, but these posts 
are in some Measure Checks upon their actions & under the 
Comm d . of Good Officers discoveries can often be made of their 
Secret plots & Machinations in them the Traders can be pro- 
tected & the French prevented from carry?, on many designs they 
otherwise might put in practice. Indeed the latter considered 
their Garrisons solely in that Light. The French kept up a Con- 
siderable Number ['tis true they could not design them for Sub- 
jugating the Ind s . hut for regulating the Police preventing frauds 
in Trade, & particularly for gaining Intelligence so that the 
Officers acted in some measure as Ind n Agents, & Were] & the 
Officers who were well Acquainted with Ind s & particularly 
interested in pleasing them [the Ind n Nat 5 In which they] 
had a great Advantage over us. During the late War, Sev 1 . 
posts were Erected along the Communication to Ontario, as 
well as on the Road to and at Fort Pitt &ca, of Some of the 
former the Ind s . have often Complained because they were prom- 
ised to have * abandoned at the end of the War, & really 
except Fort Stanwix & Ontario, the rest are now of not much 
use. The like Complaints were sometime ago made concerning 
Fort Pitt, they having been promised in 1 760, as will appear 
by papers in my hands that they Should be paid for it, which 
has never Yet been done. 

Word illegible; probably "them." 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 3 

On the reduction of Canada it was Judged necessary to pos- 
sess all the Posts to the Westward & Northward formerly occu- 
pied by the French, & this w ,h . regard to some of them was done 
before the Indians had been properly informed about it, inso- 
much that had I not sent M r Croghan to Detroit, they must 
have fought for that Settlement. I then observed that the Sev 1 . 
posts beyond Detroit must be disagreeable to the Ind s . unless 
we took some Measures for making them as well pleased at them 
as the French did, which not being done, the Ind s . grew dis- 
contended, & the French stirred them up & Encouraged them 
to War that we might resign that Country, to their sole Man- 
agement, whereby they could Monopolize the Trade. The 
Number of posts complained of is Small, & these Complaints will 
totally subside in a little time when, by our Upright Dealings 
& Pacific Conduct, they are satisfied we do not intend to dis- 
turb their Libertys, or possessions. & in the Mean time the 
only disadvantage resulting from them besides the Expence is 
a Negative one Namely that for want of our Officers being 
equally Qualified for or interested in pleasing the Ind s . as the 
French were, that therefore they do not procure all the Advan- 
tages for us which otherwise they might. But let us take a View 
of the Country without any Garrisons, & see whether there is 
any Advantage in Oeconomy or Prudence resulting therefrom. 
In the first place the Mercantile People would undoubtedly 
form Companies for Trade where they pleased, *x. would even 
attempt to acquire propertys at any rate & make Settlements in 
the Midst of that Country as I know many are desirous of doing, 
the Consequence of which I have so often observed that I need 
not now repeat it, & the Traders under no manner of restraint 
would do what they pleased, indifferent ab'. the consequences 
if they got a Large Sum in a Short time, & the Frontier Inhabit- 
ants wo d . doubtless be checked, for want of the Encouragem*. 
they derive from the Frontier Garrisons wch in a War are the 
first objects of the Ind s . attention & contribute to prevent them 
from falls like a Torrent on the Settlem ts . On the other hand, 
the French would accomplish the principal End they had in 

4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Exciting all the disturbances, the obligs us to abandon the Out- 
posts, & nothing would remain for them to put a total End to the 
Ind n . Trade but by representing our Traders to the Ind s . in a 
very bad Light which I have great reason to think many of them 
would deserve, — The Consequence is Obvious, on the first Rup- 
ture all our Goos & a number of persons must fall into the Ind s . 
hands, & we should find ourselves inevitably drawn into a War 
without a Soldier to support us of which the Court of France 
would doubtless avail itself; for I presume if the Posts are 
abandoned their Garrisons will hardly remain in America. In 
short it appears to me as an Expedient fraught with many dan- 
gers, & that it will open a door for Fraud on our sides Chicane 
on that of the French which may end in much bloodshed & 
infinite Expence, & perhaps cost us half a Century to put matters 
on their former footing. Whilst the Principal posts continued 
as they now are, & a regular System formed & pursued with 
the Ind s . will in a few Years Greatly overpay our Expences, & 
Enable us to Enjoy a Much Greater trade than we have ever 
done, as well as to Get whatever possessions necessary without 
murmuring or Cabals formed against us. 

I am apt to Conjecture that the plan for abandoning the Posts 
has had its rise here & it has been talked of for some Months, 
the design is obvious. If They can get away the Troops, there 
will be little occasion for the late Dutys, & they will besides get 
rid of those who notwithstands all the late Braggadocios the 
more Sensible Americans must Consider as able in conjunction 
with a few Ships to bring .them to a Sense of their Duty should 
they at any time make use of force to establish their Republi- 
can designs, or throw off their Allegiancy & Dependence to the 
British Crown. — To Conclude, the abandoning the Frontiers 
& leaving us to our own Discret n . after the late Conduct, of the 
Colonies, or the Withdrawing Troops at any time from a Region 
so distant from the Mother Country, Exposed to dissentions 
amongst ourselves, disturbances from European powers, & Rav- 
ages of Indian Nations, is what I most earnestly wish may never 
be adopted by any King of England or his Ministers. — The 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 5 

Subject will Apologize for the Length of my Letter & I am 
persuaded you will so far agree with me in Sentiment as to use 
all your power in preventing the dangerous Tendency of such 
a Plan. 

P. S. I am just now informed that a Mob has assembled and 
done considble damage, to M r Vanscoike the post Masters 
House at Albany, on a report that he had Sent for some Stamps, 
if so, the last Letters are I suppose demolished. 

His Excell c y Gen l Gage 

INDORSED: January 7 — 1 766 
To Gen 1 Gage 
Containing Sentiments ag l . 
Withdrawing the frontier Garrisons. 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady, January 7, 1766 


Tenants with | 

I am tould there has been [ 

Albany Concerning the Sta [ 

Saturday to the following persons Houses [John McComb " 

Esq r . John Stevenson, William [Gamble," John Hanson ~ 

Henry Van Schaack and made the [ ] take the Oath 

that they should not [ ] to be the Distributor of Stamps 

the [postmaster?] M r . Van Schaack Refus'd, upon w h a 

] a monday last another Large Mobb [ 
To M r . Van Schaacks House a little Below Albany, he was 
not home, they have all his windows Glassis Fur- 

niture a Large | Along the Side of the House, toke 

his Plea [sure] slay to Town where they have Burnt it 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 Supplied from the Johnson Calendar. 

6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] from thence to Co 1 . Van D Heyden, where they 

fitch out his son Jacob, and made him ta[ke] the oath as the 
Rest. I wish you a Happy [ ] Year and many of 


I am your Most Obed[ 

and most Humble Serv [ 

Jno Glen Jun r - 
To Sir William Johnson, Bar 1 . 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Jam*. 9" 1766 

Dear Sir 

I heartily thank You for y r . kind Letter of the 15 th . Ult°., 
(which was long coming to hand) and am verry glad to find 
that You continue undisturbed on your retirement. 

I have not heard anything lately from England, so that I can- 
not form any Judgement of their Sentiments on the late Affairs 
here, other than by supposing that they must be greatly enraged, 
how far this may operate on America, time must Shew. Indeed 
I am apprehensive that the Scheme here is to stir up the Com- 
monality of England by representing their greiviance as equally 
affecting them, hopeing thereby to effect a Repeal, w h . from 
the unsettled State of Affairs at Home they may possibly obtain. 
I heartily wish the Government may well consider the Point 
before they give up an Article on which the Dependency of 
America depends, for that, and not the Stamp Act is now the 
Struggle, and if England Lets Slip this oppertunity they may 
never meet with such another. 

Sir Henry Moore will doubtless endeavour to keep himself 
easy so long as he can, but I believe it will not be long in his 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. The draft 
destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 7 

power, it has always been the practice here to praise & flatter 
Govr s . in the beginning, but it seldom holds longer than the 
first, or Second Session of Assembly, You may recollect a reply 
of our freind Doctor Shuckburgh formerly verry applicable to 
the Subject, when asked by an Acquaintance if he knew the 
name of the then appointed Governour " No faith (says he) 
nor do I give myself any concern about it, as I shall hear him 
called Names enough before he is here long." 

I am of your Opinion that the Affair of Appeals has incensed 
your Enemys ag st . You more than anything else, as it restrained 
the Ambition of those who lead the People, his Majesty how- 
ever will doubtless support it, and any opposition they may make 
will I believe only tend the more to exasperate Great Brittain. 

Genr'. Burton is not yet come down perhaps when he does I 
shall see him when I shall talk over all Matters with him, He is 
a Correspondent of mine, & by his Sentiments expressed in 
his Several letters greatly disapproves of the conduct of the 

I am Just now informed that a Mob Assembled some (?) 
days ago at Albany & done considerable Damage to M r . Van- 
schack y e . Post Masters House & ca ., whom, with Several others 
they oblidged to Swear, on a report that He, & they had sent 
for some Stamps, if so, My last letters are I suppose demolished. 

I am with the most cordial Esteem 

& Affection 

Dear Sir 
Your most Sincere Welwisher 

& verry Humble Servant 

W M . Johnson 

P. S. If You have 

any news from London 

concerns, the Tract of Land 

at Conajohare, shall be glad 

to be informed. 

The Honb le . L T . Gov R . COLDEN 

8 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 297, are two letters which were destroyed 
by fire: one of January 9th from Francis Wade, Philadelphia, trans- 
mitting an account and asking that payment be made through Mr. 
Croghan and speaking of the suspension of legal business; and one of the 
9th to John Duncan on the [Schenectady] charter and a public objec- 
tion to charters. 


Philadelphia 10* J amy 1766 
My dear Sir 

I fortunately arrive! before this severe Spell M r Penn & I had 
many Conversations about you and your present application. 
You know, Sir, what Changes there have been in the Ministry 
& tho I have y e pleasure to tell you that all Sides express a 
desire to do real Services to you, yet there has been hitherto 
no space for bringing things to an Issue before a Change came 
on & retarded what had been concluded on. (Lord Dart- 
mouth) is heartily Your friend and a good thoughtful man. 
Pray now write clearly with spirit & preciseness to the Ministers 
& Let (M r Penn) know y e very thing you woud have done 
and I am persuaded he will succeed. 

Do not mince matters. You always do things so modestly & 
so much like a good and diffident man that cannot speak out 
w n it is for himself that tho every man is pleased with your 
manner yet as long as there is nothing pointed they will not give 
themselves the trouble of Guessing — tho to indifferent people 
it is as plane as a Spike Staff what is meant. 

I am glad to hear of your health & Success & that (M r Cro- 
ghan) has been able to do so much with those unruly Savages 
to the Westward. 

Mr Penn will be glad to hear that his Boundary to y e North- 
ward is settled over Susquehanna. I have done with the things 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 9 

of this world in every other repect but doing good in a religious 
way. This I think I am doing when I continue my tender of 
Love Esteem & Respect for you and desire your favour to cor- 
respond w th me in the friendly manner we used to do. I am 

Honourd Sir 

Your most obedient 
humble & affectionate 

Richard Peters 

INDORSED: Philadelphia Janr^. 10 ih . 1766 
Parson Peters Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 297, are instructions (copy) from 
General Gage, at New York, to Major Robert Rogers for the com- 
mand of the garrison at Michillimackinac and for proper relations with 
the Indians, dated January 10th (printed in Journals of Major Robert 
Rogers, p. 216-18, ed. F. B. Hough). Destroyed by fire. 

A. L. S. 1 

Philad a . 13 th . January 1766 
Hon d Sir/ 

The several Voyages I have made to England, & various 
other Interruptions, have for a long Time past deprived me of 
the Pleasure of Writing to you; but no one has all the while 
been more sensible of the important Services you have done your 
Country, nor more sincerely rejoiced in the Rewards conferr'd 
on them by a most gracious Sovereign. I have, in my Way, 
been likewise endeavoring to be of some Use, & have been 
enabled to raise, from first to last, in Lands & money, a Capital 
of about £9000 Ster. for our College. 2 

It gave me much Satisfaction to hear from my good Friend, 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 Now the University of Pennsylvania. 

10 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r Barton (who most gratefully acknowledges your Civilities 
to Him) that you made kind Enquiries after me, & were pleased 
to remember me. 

M r Barton, who is a very valuable Man, informd me that 
you had recommended Him for a Grant of some Lands from 
your Government; & he generously offered Me a Share with 
him. If by your Goodness any Thing could be done this Way, 
or any Tract worth While recommended, I believe I have 
Interest enough in England, & perhaps in New York, to make 
it effectual. 

I am sorry your Modesty suffers so few of your numerous 
Services to transpire, especially in your Conduct of Indian 
Affairs. I much want to have Materials for a complete Account 
of all the Indians & their Countries, that are become connected 
with us since the Conquest of Canada & the general Peace 
(M r Croghan) has favored me with his last Journal, & some 
other Things which would be of great Use. If you should 
favor me with any thing in this Way, it shall not be misapplied, 
nor used in a Manner that would be any Discredit to you. 
M r Croghan set out the Day before I expected he would, else 
I purposed sending you a Copy of Bouquet's Expedition to 
Muskingam, which I drew up from some Papers he favored me 
with; & which is reprinted in England, & has had a very favor- 
able Reception. But I pressume you may have received it 
before — I send this Letter after M r Croghan to New York, 
& on his Return, should take it as an Honor to hear from you, 
being, with the utmost Deference & Esteem — 

Hon d Sir 

Your most obed f . & most humble Serv 1 

Will: Smith 
ADDRESSED: The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 

p r favor of 
Geo: Croghan Esqr 
INDORSED: Philadelphia Janry. 13 th . 1766 
Doctor Smiths letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 11 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 297-98, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of January 13th from Daniel 
Maglander, Albany, about events which forbid his coming at once to 
Johnson; one of the 13th from James Phyn, Schenectady, regarding 
errors in his accounts and their rectification; one of the 14th from Jacob 
H. Ten Eyck, Albany, about letters and papers sent in care of Franz 
Roophart, money for Johnson which he has brought from New York and 
a commission desired for his son Henry ; one of the 1 6th from Captain 
A. C. Cuyler, Albany, regarding commissions for the grendadier com- 
pany, expense of clothing and arms, and the danger that this company 
will be depleted to fill up the troop of horse ; one of the 1 7th from John 
Duncan, Schenectady, concerning a vacancy in his company made by 
the appointment of his son (Richard) as ensign in the 55th, recommend- 
ing Harmanus H. Wendle; one of the 18th from William Darlington, 
New York, mentioning money sent per Jacob Henry Ten Eyck, Colonel 
Croghan's receipt, green cloth for a billiard table, masons who will come 
up in the spring, stagnation of business, the Governor's proclamation 
and the purpose of the Sons of Liberty to protect persons concerned in 
burning stamps. 

A. L. S. 

New yorck the 19 Jann* 1766 
[ ] Sir 

] Honnour to write you the 23 d Decem r . inclo 
[sing a letter for] M r Franc at Burnets fields, hereby 

] the same & beg to get it forwarded & 

]erty troubling you So much. 
I have now your most esteemd favour of the 27 [th ] ve 

that M r Rubbarth, makes great Com [plaints with] Respect to 
the Price of Pearl ashes Still I have fav[ ] have 

not acted according to agreement, in wh[ich he sub]mitted to 
abate the price here, in proportion [as the] price fell in London; 
according to the price [ ] from Bristol Pearlashes 

were then [ ] before at 58/ but Directly Declind 

12 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to 40 [ ] ding to the fall in London. I should not pay 

h[im] above £48 to 50 NYC # Ton. Still I allow [ed ] 
£55 & I assure you Upon my word of Honor [ 
I have bought Calcind Pottashes here at £48 [ ] 

which [ ] like in London better then the Pearl 

ashes, & [have sold] for a triffel more. Inclosed Send you an 
orig[ from my house in London by wh[ich ] 

Sale of Common Potashes & Pearl [ ] sorry to 

wrong M r Rubbarth for a [ ] Trade Justice & 

Honnour must be ob [served and] no Other favour Admitted 
then the Pr[ ] Conditions. 

M r . Rubbarth is Extreamly mistaken wh[ 
that he has any mony in my hands. I Sen[ 
his account Current, by which he is due [ 
Ballance £50.. 19.. 2 Concerning [M r Remsen] he has no 
reason to Complain on my account [ ] Party 

Offendet. Last summer he came to me [ ] that if I 

would pay him M r Rubbarts Debts [he would] deduct 10 pO 
on the account, & take goods from [me in] payement, we 
agreed, & I waited more then 2 [ Remsen to 

fetch my goods, in the meanwhile [ ] all the Pot- 

tashes from Ruppert to me. but after M r Remsen broke his 
word & Bargain, if[ ] is indebted to him he must 

pay Remsen. I [ ] Liberty to mention theese Cir- 

cumstances, that you [ ] be informd of the truth. 

Returning now to the Pottash Manufacture must Acquaint 

you that they now preferr in [ ] to Pearl Ashes. — 

the Pottashes [ ] Kittles which is done when the 

lye [ ] make by a Constant fire the Kettes 

] and into a hard Consistancy, then they 

] the Potashes are Calcind, this is a much 

] hes come out cheaper ; Rubbarth m [ 

method, this Sort of Pottashes I can [ ] from £ 42 

to £50. NY Currency they [ ] County & 

New England, if Rubbarth [ ] at the same 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 13 

price as others Sell it, I [ ] them; he Can manu- 

factur a Ton of Pot[ ] £25 N.Y.C. & have 

all his worck payd, I kn[ow by Experience. 

As soon as the water is open Shall Send 3 Pott [ 
to Albany for M r Rubbarth, it was not pos[ ] them 

up before winter. 

I have not yet rec d the ace 1 Sale of the Pea[rlashes as soon] 
as I have it Shall Transmit it to you. 

I proposed doing myself the Honnour to [ ] a 

visit this winter, but the want of Snow a[ ]y affairs 

Which dayly occur have deprivd me [ ] Pleasure, 

by the March Packet [resojlvd to go to England, to fetch my 
Familly ] America, Could You give me Any 

information about things which may tend to the ad [ ] 

Country. You may Depend upon it that [ ] best 

Use of it. 

I offer You all Services Depending [ ] fore beg 

to Command me without Reser [ve ] Shall be Punctually 


| are now here under Hope & Fear, [ ] 

in Respect to the Stamp act, [ ] may Go Accord- 

ing to our Wishes, there [ advo]cates in England for 

America, the mo [re I this?] Country the more I dis- 

cover its incapacity [ ] there are many People who 

can bare them, b[ ] number are Poor, much may 

be Said in favour [ ] against the Stamp Tax; as 

also other Taxes [ ] much I know also by Experi- 

ence, that if the People [ ] no taxes at all ; Industry 

will remain a Stranger to them ; there must be Something which 
obliges them [ ] & Necessity is the Mother of 

Invention; By may always have the Ballance 

in her favour [ ]re properly Managd, America will 

be agreat [ ] of Great Service to England in time; 

the in [crease of] People is So great that Ten years peace may 
[ ] an Army to Conquer the French & Spanish 

Colon [ies ] conquest a branch of trade to the [ 

14 Sir William Johnson Papers 

comme]rce of about Ten to Twelf millions [ ] 


present we are out of humour evry one 

] home spun, & be a manufacturer, the spirit 

but the Execution is Slow & Lazy, however I 

am [in hope?] that the Linnen Manufactory will Succeed 

in a familly Can worck at it & this [ 
produces good Flax. The Hemp Cultur [ ]h of 

the greatest importance, & Still it is [In s]hort Agricultur is 
at present the Branch [ ] People Should Study 

most, in course of time [ ] will oblige us to establish 

Manufactouries [The expo]rts never can Augment in proportion 
to the import [s pejople encrease So fast on this Health- 

full Continent | ] the Exports never would pay for 

the Dry goods they want; however according to my Opinion 
I do not [ ] that the English trade will Decrease 

but reather au]gment; And if proper measurs are taken 

at home goods can be Send So Cheap out, that the American 
manufacturers could not Subsist, or Labour must become cheaper 
then what it now is. which must be [ ] bye & bye, 

because mony becomes Scarcer evry [ ] & Labour 

must fall in proportion, 

] Expect your Commands & beg [ 
Compliments to Cap 1 Johnson & [ beleve me 

with the greatest Respect 

Dear Sir 
Your most obed hum[ 

Peter Has[enclever] 
] have any thing 

to your Son 
]nson & beg to 

me with your orders 
] will take care thereof 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 15 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 298-99, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: one of the 22d to Sir Henry Moore, 
Governor of New York, discussing recent acts of popular violence and 
promising to make an early return of the regiment; one of the 23d to 
General Gage (private) , congratulating on British occupation of the 
Ilinois, discussing the appointment of Major Rogers as commandant 
at Michilimackinac and disparaging his character, and deprecating agita- 
tion against the authority of Great Britain (extract printed in Collections 
of Illinois Historical Library, 11:1 38, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. 
Carter, and longer extract in Journals of Major Robert Rogers, p. 215- 
16, ed. F. B. Hough); one of the 23d from Captain Jas. Stevenson, 
Albany, to say that he will intrust to the care of his father two bundles 
of money delivered to him for Sir William by the commander in chief, 
and to mention ministerial appointments, the return of Wilkes to England 
and the reported ordering of several regiments to America; one of the 24th 
to 0( liver) De Lancey, concerning the delivery to Johnson of bonds 
in the hands of the heirs of Sir Peter Warren, and his claims against the 
Warren estate, also an affair between Mr De Lancey and Mrs Cosby; 
one of the 24th from John Welles, Montreal, sending a copy of Mons'r 
Vaudreuil's contract conveying to William Grant exclusive trading rights at 
La Baye in virtue of rights conferred on Vaudreuil by the French King, 
also transmitting a letter from merchants against the monopoly, and men- 
tioning Governor Murray's recall; one of the 28th from Peter Vergereau, 
New York, about a tract on the Breakabeen in which there is copper, 
a supply of cobalt at Philips Burrow, in West Chester, with descriptions 
of cobalt, and the process of making potash; Thomas McKee's bill, the 
28th, to Sir William Johnson for sundries bought of Robert McCully, 
with McCully's receipt to McKee and McKee's receipt to Johnson (Janu- 
ary 28 the latest date on the account) ; a letter of the 30th from John 
Johnston regarding a ranger who has applied to Johnston for wages due 
for service in the last campaign ; and one of the 30th to Major Moncrieffe, 
discussing the appointment of Major Rogers and asserting the natural 
dependence of the colonies on the British power (printed in Journals of 
Major Robert Rogers, p. 218-20, ed. F. B. Hough). 

16 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson-hall Jan* 30 th . 1766 

M r Croghan delivered me your favour of the 8 th . inst & I 
thank you for the enclosures therein contained which I have 
perused, as also for your polite Expressions concerning demand 
I made of the Indians for a Tract of Land as a Restitution 
for the Traders Losses which it would give me much pleasure 
if now determined as I have their Interests & Sufferings much 
at heart. 

As It was intended by the Lords of Trades plan for the regu- 
lation of my Department that a Certain boundary should be 
affixed between us & the Indians whereby a Large Cession of 
Territory would for a moderate present fall to the share of the 
Governments, & as I consulted the Whole Six Nations thereon 
& found they could be induced thereto. I flatter myself they 
Traders will so soon as I am impowered To treat pub- 
lickly with the Indians concerning this boundary be enabled 
to procure an Advantagious Grant as a Reimbursement for their 
Losses, which if my Interest be deemed necessary I shall not 
fail recommending in the Strongest terms. 'Till I am impowered 
to ascertain this boundary, the affair seems to be at a Stand 
but I presume the present Parliament, will take that & the 
other affairs of the Department under Consideration when I 
shall with pleasure contribute my Influence to Effect so reason- 
able a Demand. # 

I am sensible of the President thereby gained in case the 
Ind s . should hereafter commit the Like Depredations and I 
could wish a speedier method could be pointed out to me for 
obtaining redress but as that Boundary will Exclude any Grants 

1 From a copy in the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 
111., made by Clarence E. Carter before the fire; original destroyed. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 17 

without it & as I have hopes that it will be speedily taken into 
Consideration I have reason to Expect, a more Expeditious 
method can not be proposed. 

The same Reasons put it out of my power to say whether 
I shall purchase any Ind n Goods for the ensuing Season, as 
the restrictions I am at present under will not permit me to incurr 
any Expences but for some imediate Service, 'till the Plan or 
some other Establishment be settled, When if no other method 
is proposed for purchasing in England I shall have it in my 
power to deal with my Friends Amongst whom I shall particu- 
larly distinguish your house to which I am a Sincere Well 
Wisher & 


Your very obed r . Serv' 
P. S. I send you by M r . Croghan 
the Sum of £ 1 33 — & would have 
Sent y e . whole had I known how much 
the other articles were. 1 
Mess rs . Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 

indorsed : Jany 30 th . 1 765 

To Mess rs . Baynton, Wharton & Morgan con- 
cerne a Restitution in Lands for the Traders 

M Croghan 


Df 2 

Johnson-hall Jan* 30 th . 1766 

Dear Sir 

I had the pleasure of writing to you on the 3 which 

I hope will come Safe to your hands, Since when M r . Croghan 

1 Postscript is in hand of Sir William Johnson. 

2 In the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in the 
handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

3 Blank in the manuscript. 

18 Sir William Johnson Papers 

who will have the honor to deliver you this arrived here, & Gave 
me an Account of his having Sent off M r . M c Kee to Fort Pitt 
& M r Smallman * to the Illinois, I heartily wish the latter may 
arrive in time & be of Service & that the Appearance of Major 
Farmar 2 may in some measure awe the French in the Settle- 
ment. To keep matters easy 'till a better Establishment & agre- 
able to Pondiacks inclinations of Visiting me here as intimated 
to me by M r Croghan I purpose to call him & the Chiefs of 
the Neighbouring Nations to meet me (provided you approve 
of it) at Ontario, as Early in the Spring as possible when I 
flatter myself I shall have it in my power to make him & them 
easy on many Scores & by shewing that Attention for them recon- 
cile them to everything, — after which a Regular System of Good 
Management must preserve them in that temper, for without this 
our endeavors must be to little purpose & the importance of our 
peaceable Enjoym*. of our new Acquisitions is a matter worthy 
the Strongest representations at home when we consider that 
hitherto a Regt has not been able to effect it notwithstanding as 
I am informed Large Sums have been expended upon the 

M r . Smallman may do there for the present but I am of opin- 
ion that it will require a person of more Experience to reside 
there, & this Leads me to mention my opinion of the Necessity 
there is for making Establishments in some measure agreable to 
the plan at all the Principal Posts, the Parliament may possibly 
have these matters under Consideration, but we see that one Year 
has been already spent without doing anything therein, & per- 
haps before another Elapses, the Want of such Appointments, 
may be too sensibly felt, when it is not in our power to prevent a 
Rupture which must infallibly involve us in a much greater 
Expence. As these things may happen you will pardon the 
Liberty I take upon this occasion, as you well know my Situation 

1 Major Thomas Smallman. 

2 Major Robert Farmer, commandant at Fort Chartres, who relieved 
Captain Thomas Stirling on December 2d, 1 765. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 19 

is such as may render me blameable on the most Slender 

If M r . Croghan was to go to the Ilinois as Early in the Spring 
as possible I am of opinion his influence over & acquaintance with 
the Indians that Way might do good Service, till matters were 
thoroughly established, & he is undoubtedly best calculated for 
that purpose, & should you approve of my Sending proper per- 
sons to the other Outposts it shall be done, as I have long fixed 
on those I Judged best calculated & most disinterested for such 
Offices. The Season is now approaching when such Persons 
ought to be at the Posts, and should the Government hereafter 
disapprove thereof, or make no Establishment for the Depart- 
ment, they can only be recalled, & I must of Course acquit myself 
of a Task which it is by no means in my power with Three 
Deputys to discharge as I ought or as may be Expected from 
me. I need not add more to convince [M r Croghan has informed 
me of your desire that he should Consult with me & have my 
Sentiments on this subject, which is a farther inducement to rep- 
resent the State of the Department 1 ] you of the necessity there 
is for a more imediate attention to preserve what we have got, 
& to maintain peace the Security of which will in my opinion 
depend chiefly on the measures now taken. 

M r . Croghan has been speaking to me concerning his private 
Losses Last Summer, & I am persuaded you will use your interest 
to procure a Reimbursement of them. — as it will otherwise be 
verry hard upon him. 

I take the Liberty of enclosing you a Petition from L* 
M c Tavish late of Coll Frasers regiment given me by his Son in 
Law L l Fraser now a Tenant of mine, his Son is also with me 
It being on the 2 of Lands as a Reduced Officer I presume 

you will give him a Certificate of his Services that he may apply 
to the Governor for a Grant. As I am on the Subject, pray 
inform me whether you think I have not a right to apply for my 

1 Crossed out in the original. 

2 Illegible. 

20 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Ration of Land amongst the Rest, for I fancy I must Consider 
myself as a Reduced Officer at present. 

In case you should approve of M r Croghans Journey to the 
Ilinois I shall prepare proper Instructions for him, and as the 
Indians to the Westward are Extremely fond of Medals, which 
is in fact with some a tye of fidelity I shall want some for my 
proposed Meeting at Ontario, as well as for him, but should be 
glad they were of more Value & a better make than they Gen- 
erally are, the French Medals being much more Valuable & 
better finished for which reason if you approve it I shall send a 
proper Device, & directions ab f . the different Sizes. 

M r . Croghan has tendred me Some Acct s . of pay due to Inter- 
preters at the Outposts which by reason of the destruct". of the 
Forts were not before produced [for one L l Jenkins 1 Certifys 
but Ens". Holmes 2 being killed no Certificate co d . be obtained*] 
however I have reason to think them due, [& therefore Submit 
them to you, 3 ] provided on Exam§ the Officers Acc ts . it will 
appear that they have not made a Charge of them, this can be 
easily done & therefore I submit them to you. 


Johnson hall Jan$ 30 th . 1766 
Dear Sir 

I most Sincerely congratulate you on your safe arrival in 
America, & heartily thank you for your very kind Letter of this 
Month which was delivered to me by M r Croghan, & you may 

1 Lieutenant Edward Jenkins, of the 60th regiment, who commanded 
at Wawiaghtonon. 

2 Ensign Robert Holmes, of the 60th regiment, who commanded at 
Fort Miami. 

:; Crossed out in the original. 

4 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 21 

be firmly assured of the pleasure I take in your friendly Corre- 
spondence and of my desire for its continuance. 

I have wrote sev 1 . Letters to M r . Penn to whose friendship I 
am greatly indebted, my Last was by my Son who with Lord 
Adam Gordon sailed for England in Oct r . & by my last Accts 
arrived safe at Falmouth the 12th of Nov r . In my last Letters 
I Expressed myself more particularly to M r Penn, & however 
reluctant I am to prescribe for myself I should have still enlarged 
upon it but that my Memorial contain'd a Summary of my Case, 
& pointed out my desires in so plain a manner that I was appre- 
hensive any farther Explanation might be considered as dictating 
to the Ministry, but your Opinion which shall always have due 
Weight with me may induce me to alter mine. 

If you saw my Memorial You may possibly recollect that I 
stated some of the many Losses I had met with formerly in 
advancing Sums for the public Service for which I have never 
been reimbursed, that I commanded an Army in 1 755 on which 
Campaign I spent above £ 1 000, but received no Sallary, That 
I laid aside a Large advantagious Commerce to take upon me 
the Superintendency of Indian Affairs, which engrosses my whole 
time deprives me of attending to any private concerns, & is far 
Less advantagious than my former Situation, that I had together 
with that as Superintend', a Colonels Commiss". from his 
Majesty, in consequence of which I took the field at a Consider- 
able additional Expence every Campaign, & in that of 1 759, 
Commands a Regular Army at the reduction of Niagara, but 
have neither received pay, rank or any Gratuity on that Score, 
& that Lastly I had no Land in the Country but of my own pur- 
chasing from the Whites, had totally Neglected availing myself 
of Ind n . Deeds by obtaining Patents for them, on acct of the 
Office I enjoyed, & that the only Ind n . Grant I was desirous of 
obtaining Lying Contiguous to my Estate had been the Volun- 
tary Gift of & signed by the Whole Mohock Nation, for which 
notwithstanding In compliance with their forms I had given them 
above 1200 Dollars, which Tract had been represented to the 
Board of Trade & Therefore I begged it might be taken into 

22 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Consideration. — I have reminded you of these few heads to 
desire your opinion on which them I might dwell with most hopes 
of Success, or whether my Rank & Lands might not reasonably 
be Expected, but in my last Letter to M r Penn I have entirely 
Submitted it to him & the friends he may consult upon the 

The Affair of the Boundary was one of the Articles in the 
Lords of Trades plan, till that is Settled at home I have not 
power to Do more than I have done namely the representing to 
the Ind ns . how necessary it is for the English & themselves, & 
the finding out what they would cede to the Governm'. which I 
did Last Summer, & by their Answer transmitted to M r Penn, 
wherein they seem disposed to Yield up a Large Tract in the 
Western Parts of the province I have no reason to doubt that 
when I am duly impowered to Negociate the Affair it will prove 
very advantagious to Pensilvania, I have therefore repeatedly 
recommended it to the Board, & wish they may soon take that 
& the other affairs of the Department into Consideration, for 
without something speedily be done on a regular Establishment 
now that our Alliances are become so Extensive & that we are 
the Object of Jealousy throughout the Continent, all our Treatys 
must prove Abortive. The Success of M r . Croghans Negocia- 
tions & our late great Acquisitions to the Westward, can have 
little permancy unless a proper fund & a regular System be estab- 
lished for its Support, otherwise all our endeavors with Ind s . 
will prove of none Effect but Involve us in War & Trouble, & 
Vast Expence. 

I beg you will believe that I have the most perfect Esteem 
for you, that I shall have infinite Satisfaction in your Corre- 
spondence, for a Continuance of which I earnestly sollicit you, 
and that I am 

With Cordial Affection 

Dear Sir &ca 
INDORSED: J an^ 30 lh 1766 

To the Rev d . M r Peters 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 23 


Z)/. 1 

Johnson hall Jan* 30 ll \ 1766. 
Dear Sir 

I have had the pleasure of receiving your Letter of this Month, 
for which I am much obliged to you and shall be always very 
glad to hear of your health and Wellfare. I congratulate you 
on your Safe arrival in America, &: on the Success which your 
endeavors have met with for supporting so Laudable an Insti- 
tution which is the more necessary in this Country as the Estab- 
lished Church is Weak, & held in too much Contempt by the 
blind Zealots of other Communions, who may one day repay 
with a heavy hand whatever Severitys they at any time Suffered, 
or rather brought on themselves, in England as a Specimen of 
their Good inclinations & Charity I cannot avoid enclosing you 
a Copy of a Petition from a Clergyman & some New Settlers in 
this County Yesterday handed to me with a Request that I wo d . 
patronize & assist them, but they met with the first refusal I ever 
gave to such Applications from any Reformed Denomination — 
the Misrepresentations & falsehoods therein contained induced 
me to think it would be worthy your perusal. 

I have a great Esteem for M r Barton & shall think myself 
very happy if I can be of service to him or You in the Affair you 
mention or anything else, when he was here he spoke with me 
concerning Lands & If I recollect I proposed to him an applica- 
tion for a Tract within the Lands East of Hudsons River (for- 
merly part of N Hampshire but now determined by his Majesty 
to this Province so far as Connecticut River) as the most 
Elligible place I could then think of, & wrote a few Lines by 
him to N York thereon, but Sir H. Moore arriving shortly after, 
& to whom I am as yet almost a Stranger I could not hitherto 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

24 Sir William Johnson Papers 

take upon me to introduce that Subject otherwise I should have 
done it with the utmost pleasure & indeed the present Confused 
State of Affairs must put a Stop to all Grants for a time. I have 
not heard that M r Barton has done any thing Lately in conse- 
quence thereof, but whenever it can be done You may Command 
the utmost of my Interest & Good Offices to effect it I am really 
at a Loss how to point out any place with Exactness because the 
Gentlemen of the Army & others have had considerable Loca- 
tions within the Tract before described as well as Elsewhere in 
the Province, & therefore I cannot tell how much, or what is at 
present Vacant but I shall make enquiry, & in the meantime if 
you have any Acquaintance with the Surveyor Gen 1 , he can give 
Exact Informat n . & then a Grant may be sollicitted. 

I have now by me the Acct of Coll Bouquets Expedition 
which I read with pleasure & am not Surprized at the Success it 
met with in England from the Judiciousness of the Work & 
Character of the Author. 

I am not naturally fond of making any parade of my Endeav- 
ors to serve my Country, it is not easy to Conceive my Trouble 
& fatigue & neglect of Domestic concerns, as this would be a 
hard Task to describe, it might have equal Difficulty in gaining 
belief, for which reason I rest Satisfied in the Testimony of a 
Good Conscience & the favorable opinion of my friends, & have 
nothing more at heart than to make my Labours of Still more 
benefit to the Public, by hav§ my Department established on such 
a footing as shall enable me to preserve peace throughout our 
New Acquired Allies, & distant Acquisitions which I plainly 
see & have often represented we can never Expect till a more 
serious Attention is given to Indian Affairs, with proper funds 
& proper persons appointed for securing our present Advantages 
throughout this Extensive Continent. 

So soon as my Leisure will permit I shall search for any thing 
which may be of service to your undertaking & if I can find any 
such or make any Minnits of Consequence I shall transmit them 
to you, persuaded that they cannot be put into the hands of one 
more Qualified for illustrating so usefull a Subject. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 25 

I shall be happy in hearing from you on any occasion & I 
desire you may be assured of the Esteem with which I am 

D r Sir 

Yr Sincere Friend 

& Very obed'. humble Serv* 
INDORSED: JarP 30 th . 1766 

To the Rev d . M r Smith 


Kanassadaga 31 st Jan^. 1766 

I •] 

quantities of goods [ ] He 2 spoke some 

time ago to the If they chose he shoud follow 

shoud approve of his Design, [ ] Ive 

not heard their answer, but suppose [ ] as he has 

manifested a desire to [ ] He sells his things exces- 

sively high, but [ ] he has also reported in a private 

manner which have lessend their opinion of your 

Hon[ ]ity, created a jealousy in numbers & were 

Every thing he has they think must be true 
faithfull friend they have in y e world. 

Hon r a full ace 1 of his conduct next Spring 

life to go down, — I beg Your Hon r woud give 
] to no Indian who lives, of any kind of news y l 

will undo me immediately. I tell them. I've no 
busi[ news it does not belong to me. The Indians 

are daily expecting from your Hon r . [ ] of Coll 

Crockrans settling affairs at y e westward we live all in peace 
quiet and harmony our selves I shall strictly adhear to your 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 A French trader active among the Senecas. 

26 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Hon rs . advise [ ] ground every day tho' but slowly. 

I beg [ ] Your Hon r . Candour for y e many imper- 

fections [ ] inaceuraces. 

in hast 
Your Honou s most obed 1 

& oblig d hum ,e Ser[ ] 

SKlRT[ ] 

To The Hon bl S R . W M . Johnson 

[ ] 

[ ] them down thro' y e Notic [ ] [ ] 

return tomorrow — The tell me [ Business, visiting 

his friends by y e [ ] or other — that they were fifteen 

Days [ ] 

Ive told Onuhsockluh he will doubtless have [ 
his trouble, Tho I suppose y e Pacquet may contain nothing 
[ ] quarterly Returns. 

Onuhsockluh just before evening delivered me a short speech 
manifested great pleasure w h my design, desird Me 
to put on ] & Resolution equal for y e Business — 

not to listen or [ | thing y' should be said by a number 

of ignorant, ildisposed fellow [s per] severe in my under- 

taking &c. — After w ch deliverd me another [ ]ing to 

his own affairs, desiring I would write it to your Hon r . — which 
], & save your Hon r trouble, time also fails. The 
substance in a few w[ ] lest he should take occasion 

of offense. — w ch follows — That he sent | | his party 

for War last Fall, but soon returned by y e loss of one Man 
| signified y l Lord Almighty disapprovd of y r Inten- 
tion at y f time. y l a [ ] attempt in y e spring, is still 
uppon y r Minds, begs your Honour [ be pleas'd to 
grant him a little assistance in Ammunition. 

I shall decline writing such Things fo$ y e Indians when I 

] acquired y e Language, gaincj y r favour & good 

Esteem, I can then ] shew y m y e impropriety of it, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 27 

y e needless Trouble it gives to y r Honour j j beg Your 

Honours Patience yet a little While 

Your Hon" ever obed hum 1 
Sam l Kirtl[and] 
To The Hon ble S R W M . JOHNSON Bar 1 . 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 299, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire : a letter of January 3 1 st from John Spangen- 
bergh and Johannes Alt, Albany City Hall, promising to discharge their 
indebtedness to Johnson and other creditors and begging release from 
prison ; one of the 3 1 st from Jacobus Van Slyck, Schenectady, send- 
ing a return of Captain Jacob Starnberger's company ; one of the 3 1 st to 
the lords of trade, concerning the means necessary for retaining posses- 
sion of the Illinois and other western posts in view of Indian and French 
jealousy, the need of a new Indian establishment, the proposed boundary, 
the advantages of the Illinois country for settlement and Johnson's Cona- 
joharee land claim. (Printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:808- 
10) ; one of February 1st from Rev. Matt Gra(ves), New London, pre- 
senting the cause of oppressed Indians, particularly the Mohagan tribe, 
and expressing the hope that Johnson will soon have the power to restore 
the lands of the Mohagans. (Mutilated). 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall Feby I s1 . 1766 

D R Sir/ 

I have been Lately applied to by the protestant Inhabitants of 
Schenectady in Communion with the Church of England, desir- 
ing my patronage & requesting that I would become a Trustee 
in case they could obtain a Charter for the Security of the Rights 
of their Church, which were Likely to be invaded, & their plan 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

28 Sir William Johnson Papers 

totally obstructed by the Presbyterians. On this head they have 
addressed a petition to his Excell^ the Governor which I am 
informed is recommended to your care & your Interest Sollicitted 
thereon, This I am persuaded you will chearfully afford them as 
you know their case, situation, & the opposition that will be given 
to the Established Church from the Number & Disposition of 
the Dissenters. i 

It is almost needless for me to enlarge upon the Low Estate 
of the English Church, in these & other parts, or to particularize 
the many advantages, resulting from such an Establishment, & 
the Obligation We are under to give it all the Countenance & 
Support in our power, as well in Duty to Religion as in Charity 
to its Professors who must be compelled to forsake that Mode 
of Worship in which they were educated if not duly supported, 
these Considerations I make no doubt have due weight with you, 
as well as the Malevolence of others towards them from a dis- 
like of such an Establishment, which I am informed is Extended 
to the highest pitch I am told that the Number of Subscribers 
of other Denominations are very few, but was it otherwise it 
should not pervert the original plan or give them any more 
Indulgence than was Expressed at the head of the Subscription 
Roll, Namely the use of the Church when there was no Minister 
of the Church of England, I think therefore an Application for 
a Charter very reasonable, & wish that the Infant State of the 
Church may induce the Society to send them out a Minister to 
whose Sallary they propose to Contribute, & will doubtless by 
the increase of their Numbers & Circumstances be enabled in a 
few years to bear the Whole Expence. 

I have repeatedly contributed to sev 1 . places of Worship for 
all Denominations of protestants, I cannot see how any reason- 
able Charitable people co d . Expect that such a Subscription sho d 
in any wise intitle them to alter the foundation, & I have reason 
to think that did they meet with the treatment they have lately 
offered, it would be deemed a persecution, or at least an Oppres- 
sion of the Conscience, — As a proof of their Sentiments on such 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 29 

occasions, & of their Unbrotherly behavior I enclose you a Copy 
of a petition handed to me 2 Days ago, requesting my Interest, 
which Contains not only a Gross & ungenerous Misrepresentation 
of Antient & present times, but also a manifest tendency for 
creating disunion, & sowing the Seeds of Discord amongst us. 

I have equal Charity & inclination to serve all Denominations 
of the Reformed Church, at the same time I think it my duty to 
offer any services in my power to the Church of England, in 
which I am satisfied of your ready Concurrence & that of M r . 
Auchmuty to whom you will please to offer my Compliments, 
and I shall Expect the favor of hearing from you on this Subject 
so soon as Convenient. 

I am with my best Compliments to M rs . Ogilvie & Sincerest 
Good Wishes for all y r family 


Y r . &ca 

P. S. if you have any Ind n . prayer Books by You they would be 
verry acceptable at present to y e . Ind s . who are daily enquiring 
for them — 1 
The Rev d . M r . Ogilvie 

INDORSED: Feb» I st . 1766 — 

To the Rev d . D r J Ogilvie 
with an Enclosure. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 299-300, are listed three papers which 
were destroyed by fire; a letter of February 2d from James Phyn, Sche- 
nectady, trying to account for the delay of letters expected by Johnson 
and suggesting that Mr Van Schaack, the Albany postmaster, may be 
at fault; one of the 2d from William Darlington, New York, about 
orders, which he will fill, the knighting of Johnson's son and the con- 
ferring of the red garter on Sir William; and Duncan and Phyn's bill 
for goods bought by Sir William Johnson, dated Schenectady, the 3d. 

1 Postscript in Sir William's hand. 

30 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

New York Feb'*. 3 d . 1766 

Dear Sir, 

I am much obliged to you for your Sentiments respecting the 
utility of the Posts in the Indian Country; which are nearly 
similar to what I sent home the Mail before last. And I am glad 
likewise to perceive, that the abandoning some of the Posts would 
be agreeable to the Indians, as I do intend in the spring to 
abandon several, and only keep up Oswego, Niagara, F: Erie, 
Detroit, and Missilimakinak ; with perhaps a very few men at 
F: Stanwix. On the Pensylvania Side, I must keep F: Pitt, 
and a few men possibly at Ligonier. All the rest will go, and 
the Indians may be told, if you think proper, that it is done to 
please them. 

Major Rogers is to receive his Directions here, and his instruc- 
tions shall be drawn in the Manner you Set forth in your Private 
Letter of 25 th Ul mo . 2 He will be referred to you for all Orders 
respecting your Department; I shall only appoint him Com- 
mandant of the Garrison; and think it best, that he should not 
be called Superintendent of Indians, for many Reasons; which 
will occurr to you. But he will have Business to transact with 
them as Commandant notwithstanding; tho' he may be more 
restricted in that Character, than as Superintendant ; And if you 
find he will not do, that Complaints are made, and that the 
King's Affairs are going into Confusion, thro' Major Rogers bad 
Management, that this shall be clearly ascertained; I shall cer- 
tainly then remove him from Missilimakinak to some other Post, 
where he can do less Mischief. 

S r : Henry Moore is very desirous of seeing you if you could 
find Time to come to New York, for a few Days. He talked 

1 In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 The draft, dated January 23d (Johnson Calendar, p. 298) was 
destroyed in the fire. 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 31 

to me, as if he intended writing to you, to this Effect having 
Occasion to converse with you on Affairs of great Moment con- 
cerning the present distracted Situation of America. 

I have lately received a Letter from M r . Steuart from Charles- 
Town, wherein he says, that the Cherokees propose ascertaining 
a Boundary Line, between them and North-Carolina That they 
were much harassed by the Northern Indians, and desire our 
Mediation to Negotiate a Peace. I don't know what your Senti- 
ments may be concerning their Proposal. 

I am 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble servant. 
Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 . 

indorsed: Feb r y. 3 d 1766 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
rec d . 15 th . — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 300—30 1 , are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of February 5th from J. Has- 
brouck, Kingston, regarding millstones ordered by Johnson, also men- 
tioning Manuel Gunsalis's daughter, a captive eight years among the 
Indians; one of the 7th from Mrs G(race) Cosby, London, acknowl- 
edging a letter delivered by Johnson's son and authorizing Sir William 
to sell her land, printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:829; Q. 2:482; one 
of the 1 0th from Stephen DeLancey, New York, regarding Johnson's 
recommendation of Mr I. Roorback to succeed Mr Silvestur; of the 13th 
a petition to Sir William Johnson by inhabitants of Bewerdam, asking 
that they may have their own military company and proposing names of 
officers. (In German) ; a letter of the 14th from Major Robert Rogers, 
informing of his appointment as commandant at Michilamakana and say- 
ing that he will send his journals for Johnson to read (printed in Journals 
of Major Robert Rogers, p. 220-2 1 , ed. F. B. Hough) ; one of the 1 4th 
from Normand MacLeod, New York, on the effects of hospitality at 
Johnson Hall, lawless actions in New York against the Stamp Act, the 

32 Sir William Johnson Papers 

attitude of the Governor toward the act, and an appointment which Mac- 
Leod desires; one of the 14th from George Croghan, New York, relat- 
ing conversations with the general on department affairs, mentioning losses 
which he has suffered by advancing sums for the Indian service and 
recommending Mr Smallman, Mr McDugall and Captain Burns for 
commissaries at Detroit, Labay and Oswego respectively (extract printed 
in Collections of Illinois Historical Library, 11:155—56, ed. C. W. 
Alvord and C. E. Carter) ; one of the 1 4th to P. Hasenclever, touch- 
ing Rupert's potash manufacture, the stamp tax, high price of labor in 
the colonies and the difficulty of establishing manufactures in America; 
one of the 1 5th from E. Moseley, Onohoquague, about proceedings for 
the recovery of a negro who had fled to the Indian country, giving the 
names of several Indians who took part in his apprehension; one of the 
1 5th from General R. Burton, Montreal, concerning the sale of rum 
to Indians, death of the Duke of Cumberland, the writer's intention to 
return to Europe and his son's fortunate voyage ; one of the 1 6th from 
John Duncan, Schenectady, about delay of letters, which he conjectures 
may be due to the troubles of Postmaster Vanschaack; one of the 17th 
from Mich. Thodey, New York, asking that he may be considered in 
appointing commissaries ; one of the 1 7th from Barnaby Byrn, New York, 
asking appointment to a commissaryship and indicating a preference for 
Ontario as his station ; one of the 1 7th from William Darlington, New 
York, explaining the delay in a remittance and relating the actions of a 
mob in the case of naval officer Wijliams and Lewis Pintard, charged 
with the issue and use of stamped paper ; one of the 1 8th from S. 
Kirtland, Kaunaudasage, speaking of his relations with the Indians, 
repeating words of Tekanondo and asking for an almanac (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:362-63; Q, 4:230) ; one of the 18th from William 
Darlington, New York, mentioning the receipt of a letter from John 
Johnson Bart, and also the arrival of letters for Guy Johnson and Colonel 
Croghan ; one of the 1 9th from John Jenison, Quebec, saying that he 
represents a house which has given credit to Joncaire Chabert and asking 
Johnson to certify to the losses of Chabert at the surrender of Niagara, 
in order that he may obtain indemnity from the French government; 
a statement of the losses of Lieutenant Joncaire Chabert in the service 
of the French King, " dans le Petit fort de Niagara, du Platon au bas 
des grandes Cotes de Niagara et . . . dans la Cache de la 
Riviere de Chenondac ", in July 1 759 (In French) ; a lettter of the 20th 
to Major Moncrieffe, discussing the intolerant temper of the times, Mr 
Conway's letter and English sentiment touching American disturbances; 
one of the 20th to the merchants and traders at Montreal, showing that 
they have little to fear from the attempt to establish a trade monopoly 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 33 

at La Baye on the basis of rights purchased of the Marquis de Vaudreuil ; 
one of the 20th to General Gage, regarding posts to be maintained, 
peace desired by the Cherokees and not by the Six Nations, a malady 
which may prevent his coming to New York, the proposed conference 
with Pondiac at Ontario, the policy of the western nations in allowing 
English possession of Fort Chartres, appointments for the Indian service 
at the principal posts and medals to be given to the Indians; one of the 
20th to Sir Henry Moore saying that the season and a severe malady 
forbid a journey to New York at this time, and that the crisis in this 
country calls for measures to prevent disorder, also discussing the affairs 
and interests of the militia regiment which he commands. 


A. L. S. 1 

Spring hill Feb* 20 lh 1766 

Dear Sir 

I did not receive your very kind letter of the 9 lh of last month" 
before the end it & then the packet was so sood expected that 
I delayed answering in hopes of having something agreable to 
communicate to you in these disagreable times. I heartily con- 
gratulate on your Son's safe arival in England & the very hon- 
ourable reception he received from his Majesty It is said Lord 
Adam Gordon is to be appointed Governor of the Massachu- 
sets I have not the least information in relation to lands but I 
hear Sir Henry is making inquiry on that subject I am told that 
he has despatches from the Plantation Board but none from 
the Secretary of States office 

I have the honour of a long letter from M r Secretary Con- 
way in answer to my letters by Major James & by the packet 
which sailed three days after him These letters by the accounts 
we have of the time of the packets arival must have been 
received the day the mail was closed at the Post office & I could 

1 In the collection of James H. Manning, Albany, N. Y. 
- A draft of Johnson's letter dated January 8, 1 766, entered in the 
Johnson Calendar, p. 297, was destroyed in the fire. 

34 Sir William Johnson Papers 

not have received this answer had not the packet been detained 
by order. It is not proper to write particulars at this distance 
under the present uncertainty of conveyance but you may be 
assured that the King & his Ministers are firm in supporting the 
Authority of the Parliament in the Colonies 

It is remarkable that Albany remained quiet till after their 
Assembly men returned. I believe you will do an acceptable 
Service to the Ministry by inquiring & informing them by what 
means those unaccountable riots came to be raised for I believe 
the Ministry cannot be otherwise informed. And I wish you 
would likewise give your Sentiments of Appeals because other- 
wise I stand single. 

You know it has been too common for new Governors to 
make themselves popular at the expense of their Predecessor 
tho' what D r Shuckburgh observed seldom fails of being the 
consequence of doing so. 

I shall be glad to hear that you have had an Opportunity of 
seeing General Burton as it is probable by my being in the coun- 
try I may not have that pleasure I have no inclination to go to 
town My views are to remain at ease during the small remainder 
of life. A disinterested cordeal correspondence with my friends 
will compleat the whole of my Ambition at present New inci- 
dents have and may delay the completion of this 

I am with the greatest esteem & cordial affection 

Dear Sir 

Your most faithfull Servant 
Cadwallader Colden 

Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

INDORSED : Spring Hill Feb r y. 20 th . 1 766 
LA Gov r . Coldens Letter 
rec d . March 4th. 

Post-War Period. 1763- 1774 35 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 301 -1, are lifted the following pa| 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of February 21st to Mrs Gertrude 
Schuyler, offering a plea for Johannis Alter, imprisoned on a mortgage 
held by Mrs Schuyler, and asking acceptance of the mortgaged property 
for the debt; one of the 21st to Mr Yanschaack, postmaster giving direc- 
tions about his letters and complaining of delays in their transmission; 
one of the 2 1 st to George Croghan about Captain Stirling's misrepresenta- 
tion of the occupation of the Ilinois, preparations for meeting Pondiac 
and other Indians at Oswego, appointments of Indian commissaries, silver 
trinkets, " colly flower " and turnip seeds (extract printed in Collections 
of Illinois Stale Historical Library, 11:156, cd. C. W. Alvord and 
C. E. Carter); one of the 21st from Joncaire Chabert, Montreal, peti- 
tioning Johnson to certify to his losses in property at the taking of 
Niagara, in order that he may obtain reparation from the French govern- 
ment; one of the 24th from Will Pagan, Nov.- York, asking in behalf of 
Mercer & Ramsay, payment of an interpreter's account certified \>y 
Lieutenant Gorrell ; one of the 24th from Hugh Wallac* York, 

asking that accounts and receipts may be sent in order that the general 
may pay Colonel Campbell and Captain Howard, mentioning the ; 
ing hope that the Stamp Act will be repealed and expressin 
at the distinction conferred by the King on Johnson's son. 


In the Massachusetts Historical Society, Pontiac Miscellanie 
letter of February 24th from Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell, com- 
mandant at Detroit, detailing the murder of two soldiers by Pottai 
tamies of St. Joseph (printed in Collections of Illinois Slate Hi>lo 
Library, 11:157-58, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter). 

A. L. S. 1 
[ ] 24 th of Febuary 1766 

] William Johnson 

Bo', of Jn°. Brown 
[ J2/4 .. 9.4 

1 A bill for chocolate, as shown by the Johnson Calendar. 

36 Sir William Johnson Papers 

nor Prunes to be had in Town 
]shed by me 

from Sir 
Your Most Hum b . Ser v . 
Jn°. Brown 
]ns or 
| is wanted 
] Verry good 

] William Johnson Bar 1 , 
at Johnson Hall 
indorsed: Feb r ». 24 th . 1766 

John Browns Letter 


Albany 24 Feby 1766 
] knowledge the receipt of your favour of the 22 d . 
| letters for New york & Philadelphia & two [ 
shall be forwarded the instant the New York [ ] have 

now a Courier waiting for him to carry them [ ] the other 

I will send down as soon as the [ ] expected, returns for 

New York. 

]oned to find that you have cause to complain of 
]y of late with regard to y r . Letters: whatever may 
[ ]on of it, I am sure the fault lays not with me 

] your Letters for New york are generally inclosed 
j Schenectady Mail; if that is the case, I can easily 
account [ Letters being some times detained a week 

extraordinary [ ] ; for that Mail frequently comes too late 

for the [ ]ost; when that happens to be the case, I 

detain these [ ] the next Post goes off. Some irregulari- 

ties might have happened at my Office | 

Mob. I have been told some [ of 

Me in this Situation, & have [ 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 37 

All the Letters that come for you as 

soon as I can get Oppertunities [ | come 

regularly the fault is not mine [ in regard 

to your Letters from & to Johnson Hall [ 
to have them inclosed to me, I will take care | 
forwarded by the earliest opportunities of conveying | 
will certify the time of recieving & forwarding the[ 
approve of this method, it will undoubtedly in some | 
mistakes & delays & will be a means of putting [ 
the right Horse in case of any complaints a[ 

I am 

with [ 


S r . William Johnson Baronet 
Johns hall 


Philad a February 25. 1766. 

I did myself the Honour of writing to you, on the 12 th t* 
December and inclosed you, a Copy of my journal and Trans- 
actions, with the several Western Nations of Indians, that I met 
with, in my Tour to and from the Ilinois Country; Since which, 
I have had the Pleasure of hearing, that his Majesty's Troops 
have obtained, peaceable Possession of Fort Chartres. I beg 
leave now Sir, to present you, with the Copy of my private 
Journal. It is as descriptive, of the Territory, I passed thro', 
as the Embarrassments and Difficulties, I met with, from the 
French and Indians, would Admit of. The Ilinois Country, 
far exceeds any other part of America, that I have seen — both 
as to Soil and Climate — 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.66, p. 231, London, England. 

38 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The French indeed, were so sensible of this and of its advan- 
tagious situation, both for enjoying the Benefits of a very exten- 
sive furr Trade and controuling, the numerous Nations of Indians, 
which surround it, that they a considerable Time ago, began to 
establish a Colony there; which is now, in a very thriving 
Situation. — 

My Opinion is, that the British Nation ought immediately, 
whilst the Indians are friendly to us, and before the French 
can have Time, to Poison their Minds, to pursue their excellent 
Plan. And therefore, upon my Return from the Indian Coun- 
try, I thought it my Duty, to communicate my sentiments, upon 
this Subject, freely, to Sir William Johnson. A Copy whereof, 
I pray leave to put under Cover, for your Perusal, and shall 
esteem it, a particular favor, if you will be pleased to afford 
me, your Thoughts upon it — Sir William, is entirely of my 
Opinion and has by this Months Packett wrote very fully, to the 
Lords of Trade, concerning it. — 

When I did myself the Pleasure of writing to you, on the 
1 2 th . of December, I took the Liberty of communicating to you, 
the Inclination and Desire of the Indians, to make the Traders, 
as satisfaction for their Robberys. This, I thought then, as I 
do now, ought by no means to be refused, by his Majestys Min- 
isters, as it is undoubtedly, a piece of Justice due to the suf- 
ferers and will be indulging the Natives, in a scheme of Retalia- 
tion, that may Ever hereafter, be rendered inexpressibly sub- 
servient, to his Majesty's Service. 

I returned last Week, from a Visit to Sir William Johnson; 
when We frequently conferred, upon the above Subject. — He 
is so thoroughly convinced, that it is a Measure, which the Kings 
Ministers ought, immediately to adopt (and especialy, as He 
has finally and fully settled the matter with the six Nations) 
That he has, by this Months Packett, (which I suppose, sailed 
the 16 th Inst'.) wrote to the Lords of Trade 1 & express'd to 
them, the Voluntary Offer of the Shawanese and Delawares, 
and that the Six Nations, had expressly Authorized him to con- 

1 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:809. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 39 

firm the Grant; Wherefore he has earnestly desired, that he may 
have the Kings Orders to settle it, At the same Time, that he is 
Commanded to ratify a permanent Boundary, between the Colo- 
nies & the Indian hunting Ground. This certainly, is an Object 
of the greatest Consequence to these Provinces, as it will effec- 
tualy ascertain, a sufficient extent of Land for Colonization, & 
put an End to dangerous Disputes, respecting our Frontier 
people's hunting, on their Ground; Therefore it is to be hoped, 
— No Time will be lost, before Sir William is authorized to 
Compleat it. — When I dare say, you will Joyfully seize that 
Opportunity, of doing our distressed Countrymen so much essen- 
tial Service, as to back Sir Williams request, That He may then, 
have his Majestys clear and express Orders to confirm the six 
Nations Grant, to the sufferers. 

Indians are of a fickle, uncertain Temper, wherefore their 
Offers ought always to be accepted, as soon as possible, after 
proffer'd otherwise they are too apt, to construe a Delay, into 
a Contemptuous refusal. It is also, as remarkable, that altho' 
they are thus capricious, yet to their Honour, be it mentioned, 
that it was never known, they ever attempted to dissolve a Con- 
tract, justly and plainly, made with them. Sometime next 
Month, I shall make another Visit to the Illinois in Order to 
consolidate my last year's Negotiations. If any thing material 
should occur, worthy your Considerations, I shall take the 
Liberty of communicating it, to you. 

I am with great Respect. 

Your Obledient humble Servant. 

Geo: Croghan 


INDORSED: Letter from Col Croghan 

Feb. 25. 1 766 — His Sentiments of a Colony 
in the Ilinois Country 
And of the Indians making 
a Retribution in Lands to 
the Traders they robbed. — 

40 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York the 26 feb» 1766 

Jour to write You the 19 Janny 
have rec d none of Your agreeble Comands. 
]al News which we have rec d by the 
has revivd the Dejected Spirits [ 
put to the Stamp Act, there is great [ 
] this Affaire will be Settled, if not [ ] 

according to the American wishes. [ ] in 

Such a way as to be Satisfactory, severall [ ] Great 

men Seem to take the American Interest [ 
they name M r Pitt, M r Townsend & [the Duke] of Grafton 
& many others I am Certain [ ] Majesty the King 

wishes well to America, [ ]le of my Letters which 

I had wrote in a [ ]near way to a friend upon the 

present subject [ wri]tten without Designe quite 

impartial, have accidentally fa [lien 

the Highest rank [ ] been verry much 

pleasd ] I beleve the Governe- 

ment [ Should they take any 

vio[ | Adieu panier La vendange 

| would loose a great part of 
| & America would be reduced to 
]now the frame a good Constitution 
| both may be forever Conected [ 
the more I am acquianted with the 
will be England's Interest to Treat [ Moderation. 

M r Granville proposd in Parleamef the 

American Treators & Rebels. & t[ ] to bring 

them to Obedience there w[ | in the house 29 were 

in his favour & 80 | 

I am intendet to make a [ ] & therefore 

have Suspendent my Voyage [ ] for Some Months. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 41 

I hope to have now the [ to present You my Respects 

in April [ ] about Several 

Subjects [ ] Sold, but without profit 

[ ] account Shall Communicate [ 

Ruppert must make no Pearl [ on]ly 

Commun Pottashe & Calum [ ] shall 

Explain this affaire when [ 

Best Respects to Capt" Claus & Capt n 
] & remain with the greatest regard 
[ ] ment. 

Dear Sir 
Your most obed humble Servant 



A. L. S. 

Schenectady 26 lh February 1766 

I had the pleasure to receive & 
| Gun Powder is expended a single 
Schenectady or Albany but what [ 
] ntent to sent up to Detroit how soon [ 
lives in the Country so that I cou'd not see him [ 
therefore wrote him & sent the Letter by Monier 1 ] lar 

Directions to purchase at any rate I have [ 
the Bar 1 — before he can leave Schenectady for to Deli[ver 

Oswego where we have some Hundred weight lying 
[ ] oblige us With them, if so the Shott shall be 

sent [ ]it will be of no service without the 


[ ] letters from York, informe us that their is not One 

[ ] of Strouds one p r . Indian Blankets not att 

42 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Vermillion [ ] all has been Bot' up for Philad a & 

Pensecolla We [ ] of these articles will be glad to 

know if You imagine you will have occasion, for any [ 
] what ever can make us part with [ 

Your much 0[ ] 

Jame[ ] 

To the Hon ble Sir WlLLIAM JOHNSON Baronet 


Ans d . March 1 st 


[Schenectady] Feb*. 28 ih 1766. 

[ ]llworths Arrival here last Night, It gave 

[ ] all this Family to receive the Most Welcome 

] conferring the Honour of Knighthood on your Son 
[ ] many other Marks of Just regard due 

him, from people [ denominations at home, in 

particular those of distinction [ Sincerely 

Congratulate you thereon & Pray that Sir live 

& flourish in Every distinguishing degree of life, So | 

Honourable Father, never to be forgotten, whome, may 
the [ ] preserve to partake of Such real happyness 

as it cannot [ ] all his freinds, in which 

Number I Earnestly beg leave [ ] Honour to be 

call'd one, and to Assure you, that none can [ 
Sincerely So on Every Mark of Gratitude being Shewn by [ 

| & a People to Sir William Johnson, and Family who 

] more than they can posibly give, And that your 

days may be much more than others, as your 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 43 

Worth & Merited distinction deserves | | Such bless- 

ings, in no Smaller degree than I do at this Moment | ] est 

Prayer of All this Family, & of him who is ever happy [ 
the Honour to be 

D r . Sir William Johnsons 

Most Obed*. & ever oblig'd Humble Ser 1 

John Duncan 
Sir Will m . Johnson Bar 1 . &c &c &c. 


Philad*. 2&K FebK 1766 

[ ] obligeing fav rs . of the 14 th . & 

Jclos'd and another diricted 
Capt n . John Johnston was [ 
] since which time have made [ ] 

to find out that Gent n . but to [ ] M r . 

Maclenaghan has left the [ of Eight months, 

I Enquired of a | that s married here, & all 

she Could ]t she remembered such a person 

some she says is a relation of her 

fathers | New England but has since livd 

in the of Virgina on potomack river & has 

two now liveing there, but Could not tell 

] he now is if you had any late [ 
] from him & Advise me I shall Endeavor [ 1 

the lett rs . to him. 

I have perus'd your lett r . of the 14 !h . which [ 

| the utmost satisfaction & lays me under | 
obligations to you, first for your goodn^ the 

trouble of giving me so full a satisfaction 
matter that gave me uneasiness & secondly ] good 

44 Sir William Johnson Papers 

disposition towards me in not thinking [ ] of Acting 

so bad a part, I Cant say that M r [Crogha]n ever shewed 
any resentment to me on that [ ] yet the Exspression he 

made use of on the [ ] gave me reason to think it was 

represented | ] in the same manner and I had great 

reason | so from the resentment them gent n . Con- 

cern'd [ ] me in an affair that hapend soon after 

| was two persons that I had a mind to Establish 
down the Country & gave them on Credit our 

] own Store upwards of 
£900 & one of the partners had some Connections with 

] of £300 worth of goods [ 
] made a demand of the [ ] 

them to their store to s[ ] by saying 

the others p[ ] pay them in their turn 

[ ] wherein they declare'd they j 

] me a threat which I never [ ] 

I have been in trade, I wrote to | they 

Chose so to do I had [ ] gave them to 

understand I never [ Endeavors to 

prejudice my C[ ] they declin'd it, I only 

give you [ ] how they would treat me were 

I [ ] I Can without Vanity say for the 

] in trade I have supported as good a 
] & Can now have much more in m [ 
] they Can, Excuse this trouble which h [ 
in Course of writeing, on this disagreeable | 
which I shall for the future take no [ ] of, 

being Convinc'd you harbour no b[ ] me on that 

head, it will always give m [ ] pleasure to render 

you any services th [ ] I may Venture to say as much 

to your [ ] as any one here. I hope always to have 

] sence of past fav rs . rec d and when anyt[ ] 

future shall fall in the way shall [ ] Entire study 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 45 

to Act so as to be deserveing [ ] favours, and am with 

due regards for your [ ] and 

Dear Sir 

Your most Oblig d 

& most Hhble Serv' 

Fran s . Wa[ ] 

P. S as no doubt it may 
be in the power of M r . Croghan 
to serve me in the way of trade 
here your mentioning it to him 
will remind him so to do if not Engag'd 
Else where I now do all his buisness in the bill 
[w]ay but nothing in the goods way 
S R Will m . Johnson Barn*. 


On page 302 of the Johnson Calendar are listed, under February, 
proceedings of condolence with the Shawanese, whose deputies were 
killed June 8, I 765, while on their way with George Croghan to the 
Illinois country. Destroyed by fire. 


[John]son hall March /". [1766] 

] of writing to you last M r [ 
] being dispatched by all the [ 
a certain M r Cartier is arrived the 
| which they Live by virtue of a purchase [ 

by descent from one that had a Grant 
[ ] this, — The person from Whom M r S* Paul 

[ ]nt of it (I think) from Lewis the 14 th . but on 

] pointing out the Advantages to be derived 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

46 Sir William Johnson Papers 

]the Ind s . there, the King 
made the then propriet [ ] to the Inch or 

the Jesuits in trust for their use [ ] Canada you 

may recollect that the Jesuits title was [ ] of 

Officers at Montreal & about that time M r [St Paul went to 
Frajnce & is now returned with a Confirmation of the [ 
his favor dated 1 750, which Grant or Confirmation he has 
j Cartier who has commenced a Suit & is determined to 
obtain | ] the Ind s . off these Lands, & from Perthuis ace 1 , 

the Judges [ ] it must go ag f . the Ind s . & Judgm 1 . 

is only awarded as he Says till they [ ] from the 

Circumstances of the Date of the New Grant, [ ] the 

time M r S f Paul went to France to obtain it wch was [ 
theirs affirms it is Conjectured that the Year 1 760, has been 
] fully changed to 1 750, but be that as it will the Ind s . 
Express ] discontent, & fixed Resolution to go any 

Lengths if they [ ] ssed, & I am of opinion that in that 

Case they will Go to the [ where they may Stir up 

fresh disturbances, I must therefore beg the favor of your Senti- 
ments & advice [ | & that you will please to act therein 
as seems best to you. 

Three days ago I rec d . a packet from Lord Adam Gordon 
& my Son with the Agreable News that his Majesty was pleased 
to Give my j | most Gracious reception & to Conferr 

the honor of knighthood upon | ] diately on his Arrival, 

asking him a Variety of Questions he met [ | reception 

from the rest of the Royal family & he Expresses his [ 

to sev 1 . of the Nobility &ca for the Notice 
they have shewn him & particularly to the he has 

rec d . from Lord Gage, for wch I am in Duty bound to make you 
my ] 11 Acknowledgments. — There are very little 

News in my Letters, & the post [ ] I have only time to 

Assure that 

I am 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 Al 

A. L. S. 

Philad". /"-. March 1766 
[ ] had a letf. presented me from 

] a nephew of M r . Maclenachan [ ]plyed 

for intilegence about the [ ]get none 

untill he rec'd the [ ] a place Called 

Neshameny | ] Bucks county where I have forwarded the 

[ ] at the same time acquainted him 

[ ] particular Commands to you 

[ ] place I would take Care to forward 

[ ] with due regards 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obligd 

& most Hhble Serv'. 

Fran s . Wade 

from john duncan 
A. L. S. 

SchenV Monday forenoon 3 d March 1766 

] Arrived, the letters for the Upper 
for your care, wish it May not be [ 
] I think it right to Send them [ 

Son intends takeing his departure for [Europe 

| in a few days will do himself the | ] to wait 

on you, When your Commands | | be very Acceptible, 

And wishing you all | ] iness Remain with the Sincerest 

respects [ ] all this Family 

D'. Sir 

Your ever Oblig'd Humble 

John Duncan 
[ ]ble Sir W m . Johnson &c &c &c 

48 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schindy 3 th March 1766 

] Been at both the Yattes about [ 
] where Sander Phlipse & adam [ ]ry Lives on 

Joseph Rob 1 . Yattes has [ ] ackers wherefor he axkes 32 

hund rd thirty two [ ] pounds) for his brother Abram 

] 1 5 Ackers who axess 1 5 fifteen hund rd [ 
tells me that thy have not deveided it [ ] that he 

Can Ether have the Lowest or first Lott or [ ] upper Loot 

for it s in three Lotts The [ ] Broad Axes & peuter Tea 

pott I hoop is come Seaf by the Gardner 
Sir I am Your Most Ob d . Hble servant 

Jn° B V Eps 

Wee Wissh you a gread Deall of joy with The Good Neuss of 
your Sonn John 



In the Harvard College Library is a letter of March 3d from General 
Gage, New York, on instructions to Major Rogers, desire of the 
Virginians to have peace established between the Northern Indians and 
the Cherokees, and reports that the 34th regiment has got up to the 
Illinois country (printed in Collections of the Illinois State Historical 
Library, 11:158-60, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter). 

A. L. S. 

New York 4 th March 1766 
Altho we have had Variety of [ ] Winter, yet 

they never have appeared [ ] laying before you, neither 

indeed could [ wri]te of Matters that I have not under- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 49 

stood Jceive any feasible Design, altho there was 

] tended — It is impossible to think these People 
] War against the Mother Countries, yet [ 
] such Lengths, that they must look foolish, [ 
are not settled to their Desire, not to go [ 
these Commotions I have endeavored to be a [ ] as 

far as my other Duties would permitt [ ] long ago 

that the Colonies have been hardly [ ] but never was 

for breaking off the Chain [ ] and throwing Away the 

Links of mutual Compacts [ ] Good that I hope the 

Chain will be made so [ ] not to be broke, and those 

Links be made of mutual [ 

The news of the safe Arrival of our Friends in England was 
communicated to me by [ ] Falmouth — But since I 

have not ] on which I never depend — That they 

] it enough for me, as I wish well to y[ 


We have entered into [ ] concerning our Posts 

which the General [ ] of or has already — Two 

Reasons are strong [ ] having some Troops together, 

and diminishing [ ] your Proceedings, I do not doubt 

but these [ ] prove safe — Many People talk of 

Matters [ ] understand, the Management of our 

Allies [ ] is a Subject of Dablers, yet extremely 

[ ] Opinion, do they hit on the Sense of the M [alter 

least] of all when they say it can be done or [ ] 

at no Expence — Gen 1 . Gage I really think [ ] it 

better than many others who pretend, and ] con- 

trary Opinion when not infested or pest[ ] of the 

late Commd r . in Chief, who still continues [ ] Squibbs to 

this Distance — 

I sincerely wish [ ] from England, 

and am happy [ ] does me the Honour to call me 

a [ ] is usefull to so worthy a Young [ 

] all the World allows y r . Son to be [ ] 

50 Sir William Johnson Papers 

warm sometimes whimsical a little [ ] mest 

Freindship — which the good Sense [ companion] will 

make agreable & usefull [ ] 

Be so good as remember me kindly to [ John] son, 

and allow me to be as I am with [ ] and sincere 



Your most obed 1 . and most 
humble Servant 

Harry Gordon 
[ ] presents lately 

[ ] Ilinois — I hope Croghan 

[ ] soon — 

Sir William Johnson 


Albany 4 March 1766 

] the greatest Sincerity of heart I Congra 
] the Honours lately confered on your Son by His 
] though your not without your Enemys, Yet 
] of them must be pleased to see the Merit of 
] so Justly confered on the Son, as it canot 
avoid [ ] them the Strongest Sense of His Majesties 

[ ]al Goodness, & how much he delights in the 

rewarding of Merit. I am with much respect 


Your most Obedient Servant 
John Macomb 

] the Hhbl Sir \V m Johnson Baronet 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 5 1 

A. L. S. 

[Long] Island [March 4] 1766 

[ ] Sail for London the Latter 

]th, which If from the [ ] by his 

Excellency Lieu 1 . [ ] you Can with Safety 

favour [ | your Intrest to Sume of your friends 

] part of world — I Shall always think [ 
] Under the greattest Obligations [ 
ever Maike It my greattes — [ ] dey to Deserve and 

Merrit Your [ ] ur Your Honnour will Pleas to | 

] place what may be, most to my Intrest | 
Agreable to your Selfe to his Honn r . | | Colden at which 

Place, I Expect to | | the Latter Part of this month — 

Your favour will Ever be with the greattest [ gr] attitude 

acknowledge by 


Your most Obedent and 

Very humble Servant 

Amos Ogden 


Schenectady 4 ih March 1766 

you on the safe arrival of your Son in 
London which he has mett with from His 

Majesty [ ] 

| wish Sir John may long live to enjoy his honors 

[ ] Health & Happiness, May he still grow in the 

| Sovereign & be regarded by every great & good Man 

the Noble example of his Father actuate him at 

52 Sir William Johnson Papers 

all pursue a Course of life which will make him 

equally ] ] & usefull to his King & Country. 

] will believe me Sir that every event and Cir- 
cumsance | | which falls out favourable to you or any 

of your Family j | the utmost joy & altho my time does 

not permitt me | ] present to wait Upon You in person & 

express my parti [ ] pleasure at all the agreeable Acco ts 

& News which I of late have been inform'd of Y[ 
who may have opportunity of so doing [ 
I have the honor to be with the [ 

Your most Obedient [ 

Humble [ ] 

James [Phyn] 
To The Honorable Sir William JOHNSON Baronet 


Contemporary Copy 

March 6, 1766 

[ ] in Cumberland County in 

] on the holy Evangelists of Almighty 
]th day of January last past, this 
had been found by one Edward | 

] Cumberland to Fort Bedford, he this 
dep[ ] of his Neighbours, among whom was 

] them to view & Bury the body of the 
] the said Body he found [ 
] with a Bullet thro' his Body, the Ball[ 
his Breast a little above the pit of his [ 
between his Shoulders, that the head was 
]st ripp'd open, That he this deponent [ 
of the said Indians being Murdered) by 
| that on the eleventh day of the same Month 

1 Captain Lemuel Barritt, of Cumberland Valley, Pa. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 53 

Indian pass along the highroad and 

] half a Mile from the place where his Body 
[ ] Samuel Jacobs had cross'd the said road with 

] minutes after the Indian had left the said 
Sam[uel Jacobs quarter of an hour afterwards he the 

said Sam[uel Jacobs | of a Gun about the place where the 

said Indian [ ] Deponent suspected that the said 

Samuel Jacobs [ Indian's Murder. This 

deponent further saith that [ ] as they stood 

round the said Indians Body that h[ that if 

a Murderer touched the dead Body of the person 
Carcass tho' lifeless would Bleed, & therefore he proposed 
| experiment, & by that method they would either 
acquit Suspicion of having killed the said Indian, 

or if an[ had really killed him he would be 

disocvered, and [ ] Evident, or to that purpose. 

That this proposal being gen[ ] this deponent and 

all the rest of the Company (except the [said Sam]uel Jacobs) 
very ready touched alternately the said [ but the 

said Samuel made some hesitation when tur]n, and his 

countenance chang'd and he appeared confused the 

importunity of the Company touched the said Body 
behaviour of the said Samuel induced the Company to suspect 
[the said Samuel] Jacobs with the Killing the said Indian, but he 
absolutely | | that after they had buried the said Indian 

this Deponent | I one of the Company whose name is 

Thomas Elby, that in some [ ] with the said Jacobs, the 

said Elby persuading him to discover Indians 

Gun was, the said Jacobs had denied that he knew | 
about the said Gun, but told the said Elby that the Night before 
that it was hid under a Log about two hundred 
Yards [ ] main road near a Run of Water which cross'd 

the said r >ad information this deponent took one 

Thomas J >nes with him [ 1 Company with an 

Intent to search for the Gun at the place 

| which he was well acquainted with, and after they had 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

] a different way in the Woods to conceal from 
the [ | Rest of the Company what their real design was, 

he th [ ] the said Thomas Jones went down to the before 

mentioned [road and] found the said Indians Gun [ 

] two hundred Yards from the [ 
in their former suspicions 


Indian and immediately [ 

& carry him before a Ju[stice 

their great surprise [ 

Jacobs had followed him the [ 

they had not seen him since [ 

Evening and too late [ 

& never made his [ 

that he has been [ 

parts of the Colony 

Taken & Sworn March 

the 6 th 1 766 before me 

W m . Allen 

(Chief Justice) 

INDORSED: The Deposition of Capt n . 
Lemuel Barret concern^, 
the Murder of a Six Nation 
Ind n . in Pensilvania 
last January — 



] but to 

] said 

] and that 

| was then 


Country since, but 

] wards in the back 

deponent saith not. 

] hath 



Df. 1 

Johnson-hall March 6 th 1766 

led to you for more Letters than your 

]you will Excuse my want of punctuality 

from the Necessity of my Engagements, buis- 

disorder which hath lately often attacked 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 55 

me [ ] for the inclosure of S l Jeans Letter and 

for Your kind [ ] to present the Indian Com- 

plaints by your Orders [ ] concerning Rum. Many 

have been their [ J that head, & yet they cannot 

Resist the Temptation for [ ] all their disorders to 

the introduction of that Liquor [ those who 

complain most of its Effects, are the first to Compl[ain of its 
prohibition. I earnestly wish a Continuance of the Canada Ind s 
[ ] but I find from M r . Perthuis that they are 

greatly irritated [ ] a purchase made by M r 

Carrier of the rights claimed by M r S' [Paul their 

lands for which he has produced a Deed of Confirmation | 

] King of France, and from what has been represented 
to me [ ] to produce bad consequences. 

Capt Stirling arrived safe at the Illinois the 14 th . Oct r . & 
M r . Croghan [ ] very Soon to keep matters in 

Quietness till some Steps may be taken [ ]lar 

Establishing there for the Ind s . Management, which in short is 
] Every Important post tho' it is very uncertain when 
these Matters [ ] Settled the Ministry & Parliament 

having their hands full of the present [ ] in 

America, which are Likely to engage their attention Sufficiently 
from the Artfull Conduct of those [ 
people in their favor at home. 

I most Sincerely regret [the death of the Duke of] Cumber 
Land, for whose person & Ch[ ] Esteem 

& I heartily wish his death may not [ ] Con- 

sequences, tho' I apprehend and [ 

I congratulate you on the Safe [ ] hope 

with you it is a happy presage of his [ ] for 

which You may be assured nobody can more | 
Myself. My Son arrived safe at Falmouth I and 

I have had Letters of the 1 4 th . Dec r . from London [ 
him informing me that his Majesty gave him a [ ] 

Reception and was pleased to Confer the honor of knighthood 
[ ] imediately [ ] Court, asking him many 

56 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Questions, the Royal family [ ] Nobility have like- 

wise behaved very Graciously towards [ ] myself his 

Voyage will turn out much to his advantage 

The Lakes were very bad for passing When Perthuis 
[ ] this time no doubt they begin to Open, at Least 

Lake Champlain [ ] impede your Journey till they are 

fit for Navigation; If [ ] favor me with a Visit here 

enpassant it will afford me [ ] pleasure, If not I should 

be glad to meet you if my health [ ] at Albany, but I 

am hopefull to see you here as it is but a Days | I shall 

be glad to accomodate you with a Carriage, on Knowledge 

] I shall at all Events Expect the 
and I shall rely on seeing you here 


] [ 

favor [ 

if [ 




assured 1 

] family pay their best respects to you & 
] Accept of mine, & that you will rest 
] perfect regard D r . Sir 

Your most Cordial Friend 

& very humble Servt 
] Burton 


A. L. S. 

Cornojoharry March 6, 1766 
[ ] wrote to us your told us You 

] Small Affair That Had befell us [ ] 

[understand] ing I Suppose That You mind [ ] 

Thought the Affair might be [ ] of good People: 

But who is Their [ ] for the Affair Unless I 

Alone Settle [ ] make Any Demand of 

] of Satisfaction for that reason De 

[ ] & Klock; to Help Settle the matters 

] they would not Hearken to us We let These 

Justices [ ] M r Klock Was a mind to Have the Afair 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 


] Account He Was well Aquainted how the 
thing [ ] frey been As: Well: minded in the Afair it 

] might have been Made up I thought Brother 
] the Afair Setled well: I thought for a long 
] that they was Consulting how The Afairr Should 
] up: M r frey Desired Us to meet him at 
] Klocks we Thought the matter was Setled Among 
] but When We came Their It was Wrather worsed 
]etter I Thought it was M r freys fault the Afair 
made up Now We After waiting So long 
]ing the matter might be Setled: we now let 
know Their is no Likely hood of the Afair being 
] B r . It is a Dificult Afair my mind Re [ 

] d It is not A Small Loss that I have meet with 
]m is Useless: It is many times that Peter Shuyler 
| son Have Done us Injury I can not Look over it. 
Say Again My mind is not Good. Peters Son 
] year Struck an ax in to My Sons Shoulder | 
was nothing Done About it I Suppose he Thinks [ | o 

the Same Way with What is Done now and [ 
had Like to Have Lost his Life by the [ 
Hendrick in his Life time [ 
Killed by Peter He [ ] Our Chiefs & 

to make Dis[ He has never meet with 

Any Bad Behaviour he thinks 

Like theese I am knowing [ 
] It Seems As though he was realy [ 
the Indians B r . You know [ ] is Your Self 

You Have Heard [ ] first to last: Yo told 

us the Gov[ ] Should Hear What befell us which 

is [ ] that Their Pleasure May be known 

[ ] B r Prehaps You may think fit to Send 

[ ] to Justice frey & Klock: before You Write 

You know what is best to be Done in that 
be Easy in my mind to wait Your Pleasure 

58 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] shall be Contented to wait while the Afair 

] Made up. B r This is What I have Done — 
B r . We Are So far recovered that We are out [ ] 

Danger My Arm is Still Useless. — [ ] that is what 

I Have to Say: B r [ ] Koroh we Salute You 

If my Arm [ Once a Little better & the Roads 

Setled [ ] I shall Pay You a Visit: Our Service 

to M r [Johnson] 




/I. 1^. o. 

N. York the 7* March 1766 

There was a Carpenter with me [ ] hearing I had 

some Lands to settle [ ] ance, as the stamp act prevents 

] can't afford paying workmen if I did | 
think I have heard you say you wanted [ ] I shall send 

him up to you if you chuse it. ] they say he is a 

very good workman. But ] my business in this 

Town, there being too [ ] falling in it already. 

]Id have anything to do in this place in which I 
can [ ] assist be assur'd there's no man will more 

readily [ ] or obey you than 


your very Humble Servant 

Nor: MacLeod 

] Leod begs her Compliments may be acceptable 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 59 

A. L. S. 1 

Hartford March 7 th 1766 


Being (by the Friends of one Isaac Hollister a Young Man 
taken Captive at Susquehannah in October 1 763 Son of Capt 
Timothy Hollister who with another of his Sons is Supposed to 
be Killed at the Same time and Place) to Signify the Same 
to you and Desire your kind Offices to procure his return from 
his Captivity, they are informed that this Young Man was at the 
Senick Castle but the Indians were about to remove him to 
another Castle but where, they are not Informed. 

Would therefore in their behalf request your help that he may 
be returned to his Friends of which the Bearer is one. 

He is descended of a Good Family of a Neighbouring Town 
from here 

Your Serving them in the Matter of his return will Oblige 
S r your most Obedient 

Humble Servants 

W M . Pitkin 

John Pitkin 

To S R . William Johnson 

INDORSED: Hartford March 7 th . 1766 
LA Gov r . Pitkins Letter 
concerning a Prisoner 
amg st . y e . Seneca's 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

60 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Alb* 7* March 1766 
[ ] brought up by Jn°- Ralph, Skipper 

] the Care of M r - Provost, was found [ 
] M r - Vanderheyden — It is about five [ 

] wide, & about six Inches thick; as it 
]ns Glass, I shall be glad to know whether 
[ ] safe to send it in a Waggon to Schenectady 

] and give any particular directions about | 

] derheyden was lately telling me, that when he 
] at your House, you intimated something to him 
[ ] for the House, from the time I came to live 

in [ ] you gave it to Cap 1 - Claus, & likewise asked 

[ Jed charged you for storage of Goods &c: 

Whatever [ ] Conditions betwixt you & M r - 

Vanderheyden, of my [ ]nto the House, I never 

was inform'd; neither have [ ] made an Ace 1 , of my 

trouble for your Stores &c : Nevertheless I shall leave it entirely 
to yourself & shall be very willing to [ 
shall be pleased to demand [ 

from Sir 

Y'- mo [ ] 

[ ] 


A. L. S. 

[Rombouts] priceint: 7 March 1766 

[ ] ben Deyvers persons for Severall 

[ ] to Git a writh for the land upon [ 

] Sasskahanna and I Cannot Understand [ 
] n thire Undertaking : there is a Report [ 
] th Some open Said Brance of the | 
You Concluded a peace with them I [ ]nd You 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 61 

tinck Et Leave and whole be [ be Settlements 

maid, and I Could Gain You [ sisstice to obtain 

A writh for a township [ ] to Reward you to your 


] about 37 or 8 years agoe I whas Consarned with 
[ ]bers of Skohorry and kannijohorry but with 

[ ] do not Git a good writh for Et wee Dropt Et 

] of last Jears the of New Engeland have ben 
[ ] for that Contry and I Did not Exspected that 

[ ] I wold Not be Consarned 

[ ] if Your honner Shold Judgs that Et whas 

Seve and I Could Git [ | for a township I whold Goo 

and Setteleed: abbout 30 Jears [ ] but and Informer to 

that Brance and hee Give me and [ ] and that there 

whas Considerable of Land open Said Rever | Back 

the fever of You To fever me with a few liens 
Sickonefy whither Et is worth my wyll to tinck about Et 

Jacobus Ter Bos 
I Remain Sr with Dew Respickt Your on 
Nowning frind and Humble Servant 

Jacobus Ter Bos 
[ ]able 

[ ] Jonson's 

to cadwallader colden 

Johnson Hall March 8 lh . 1766 
Dear Sir 

I have Just received your kind letter of the 20 ,h . Ut°. and I 
heartily thank You for your congratulations on my Sons having 
received the Honour of Knighthood, I have letters both from 
Lord Adam Gordon & him of the 12 th . Decb r . wherein he men- 
tions the verry gracious reception he met with from his Majesty, 
who knighted him imediately on the Spot, and talked with him 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. 

62 Sir William Johnson Papers 

on Several Subjects; as did the rest of y e . Royal Family & ca , 
I hope he will make the best use of his time & the advantages 
he has for improvement, Lord Adam says Nothing to me of 
his being appointed for any American Government, neither is 
there much news in his letter, as nothing could then be deter- 
mined upon, and the Ministry were not expected to hold their 
places, there is a hint of Lord Butes coming into office, & as to 
American Affairs, all People of any Character appear highly 
dissatisfied with the conduct here. 

I am glad You have received M r . Seer?. Conways Answer, 
and that it is agreable to You, if the Stamp Act is repealed, 
the King, & Parliament will doubtless fall on some other Plan 
for securing the Dependency of America. 

As to what you mention of the Service which my representa- 
tion may be of at Home, I am not so Sanguine, tho I am always 
ready to offer my Sentiments impartially, and I shall Still do so 
on the point You mention, but with what Success I cannot take 
upon me to Say from the unanimous endeavours of People here 
to opose all who differ with the Majority, tho all this Springs 
from an interested few, yet the many headed Populace Support- 
ing it, neither Governours or any else that I can find chuse to 
enter into the Affair, but rather incline to remain quiet & leave 
it to time than incurr the Trouble. & Abuse, with which everry 
Man that differs from the rest is loaded. 

The remark You have made on the time the Disturbance com- 
menced at Albany is well worth taking Notice of. 

I most sincerely wish You health & happiness in Your present 
retirement, requesting a continuance of Your freindly Corre- 
spondence and assuring You of my intentions to observe it punc- 
tually on my part, As I am with real Esteem, 

& cordial Affection 

Dear Sir 
Your most Obedient 
& verry Humble Servant 

~, u ,, W M . Johnson 

The Honr ble . 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 63 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall March 8 lh 1766 

[ ] your favor of the 26th ult°. and I thank 

it] contained. I have Letters from Lord | 

] Middle of Dec r . his Majesty was pleased 
[ ]tion, Conferred the honor of knighthood 

[ ] questions as did the rest of the Royal 

family [ ]e on the Subject of the American affairs 

[ ] pressed on acct of the Violent proceedings 

[ ] at the Stamp Act will I apprehend occasion 

mejasure for securing the Dependency of America 
] If this be done without distressing us here, 
[ ] Constitution & Monarchy of England must 

doub[ ] part I neither wish us here more power 

than we can m[ ] Less Liberty than we have a 

right to Expect. Doubtless [ Consequence in 

England will espouse the Cause of American 
friendship, other thro' Opposition to the late Ministry, the 
induce] them thereto are however immaterial to people 
here [ ' many of our own Motives will not bear nice 

Examination [ ] World were as Disinterested as my 

Conscience assures me I am [ ]ght & Word on this 

Subject. I wish we may always meet with from 

the British Crown, and I wish we may deserve it better than 
[ ] have done — 

I am Glad you have deferred your Voyage to England as it 
will [ ! the Pleasure of seeing you here, and you may be 

assured I shall [ ]ly glad of a Visit from you, at 

which time we can talk over affairs ]w in a very 

promising way, & has a Vast Quantity of Ashes, but 
obliged to advance him a good deal of money otherwise he could 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

64 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] forward. — I shall deferr saying any thing farther 

| till our Interview, In the meantime be assured that 

I am 

] CLEVER Esq r 


Df. 1 

Johnson hall March 8 th . 1766. 
[ ]de to the Commissi of High Ways 

]t that the public Roads in these parts 
were | ] of Gates which were Yearly 

encreasing Contrary [ ]ed, the Commissi 

of whom I am one did [ ] Did then in due form 

draw up a Writing ] thereof & that the same 

was Contrary to Law, & therefore resolved [ 
removed Except a certain Number which were [ 
until y e Lands could be properly fenced [ ]ads 

to be made of the Breadth of 1 6 English feet [ 
to the Commissi they did Again Assemble [ ] 

War 1 , dated 1 1 th . Dec r 1 765 Strictly order & Enjoyn the [ 

this their Several Districts to remove all the before 
mentioned Gates [ ] other necessary orders for 

making the Roads according to Law, [ ] regu- 

lar working upon them the due time Agreable to the Act of 
Assembly [ ] ng which I am Just now informed by 

some of the Magistrates | ] many of the 

Inhabitants notwithstanding the [ ] they have 

had from the Com rs . declare they will keep their Gates, [ 

| that shall attempt to remove them, particularly a cer- 
tain John ] publickly declares he does the Same 
by your advice & direction \ | Support them 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


therein. — I therefore could not do Less than [ 
information, persuaded that you have not given these people such 

| as Reports of that Nature may be of bad con- 
sequence & by | ] may tend to disturb the peace & 
obstruct the Execution of the Laws of [ beg the 
fav r . of hearing from you on this Subject, & that you will be 

me or to all the Com", as you shall Judge 
best. — 

| to give you this Trouble but I have no doubt of your 
being thoroughly | ] ableness & necessity of so doing, & 

that you will chearfully discountenance [ obstruct a 

public Benefit. — 

I am with Esteem 




Indians, now [ 

of the Mohawks [ 

purchased from them, [ 

this Land will not [ 

difficulty of acquiring [ 

pretent to particular | 

in such Transactions is to [ 

this tract appear to [ 

has been represented to me, it will 

Johnson hall March 8 lh . 1766 

your Excellencys Letter of 
| the West side of Hudsons River, wh 
property of the River Katskill 
follows: — The Claims 
Batavia was I think 
]d has represented 
that there be no 
Many of them may 
| best & surest method 
] the Whole ; Should 
Northward than 
] Mohawk 

Lands, who will be a much more difficult 

as they and all their Confederates are Extremely [ 


1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

66 Sir William Johnson Papers 

cle of Lands, & do not well relish even a proposal on that head 

]bly be attributed to our former impositions 
many of wh [ | Memory and remain unredressed. — 

Should this [ ] circumstanced as to render my 

Services at all necessary [ ] only command them on 

that or any other occasion — 

] inclosed your Excell^ some days ago the Return 
of my [ ] Militia, and in my Letter Assigned the 

Reasons for my | ] table to pay my respects to you in 

person. — I beg Leave [ ] that I earnestly wish for 

an opportunity for that purpose [ | time please to offer 

my best Compliments to Lady Moore [ assured of the 

perfect Esteem with which 

I am 
[ ] Bart 


In the Harvard College Library is a letter of March 9th from General 
Gage, charging fraud and collusion on the part of the Jesuits, Mr St 
Paul, Mr Cartier and the French ministry concerning a claim to lands 
of St Lewis's Falls, advising that the Governor of Quebec be asked to 
defend the rights of the Indians, and mentioning movements of troops at 
Fort Chartres, advice to be given to the Shawanese and the writer's fear 
of Pontiac's roguery (printed in Collections of the Illinois Stale Historical 
Library, 11:178-80, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter). 

A. L. S. 1 

New York 9 l K March 1766 

I rec d your Esteem'd fav r . of 1 st . Ins 1 , and am Extremely 
Obliged to you, for your good Oppinion of my Abilities and 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 67 

Integrity as Likewise your Acknowledging me in the Manner 
you have, With the Highest Gratitude I return you my hearthy 
thanks. 1 

I was Sir William fully Convinced before I wrote you, that 
many had Applyed and as I was in doubt that I Shoud be late 
in my Application. I mentioned it. — But your favourable Turn 
to my Request Leads me to Continue in the Same Mind, Shoud 
it so happen that any one Shoud Decline, to make use of the 
Generous offer you propose, of Accepting y e . Vacancey, And 
that Merely to get under a patron of your Importance. 

I have and Shall allways Esteem Your freindship as the 
highest mark of favour, that you Can Conferr on your Most 
Sincere and at the Same Time with Great Respect Your 

Most Ob f Hble. Serv 1 

Mich Thodey. 
Sir William Johnson 

ADDRESSED: The Hon ble . To 

Sir William Johnson Esq r ., Coll°. 
& Superintendent of all his Majestys Indian 
Affairs for the Northern District of 


Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: New York 9 th . March 1766 
Co". Thodeys letter 


A. L. 5. 

[PhilL] March 10* 1766 
[ ] Last I had the [ 

your feaver of y e . 21 st . [ 
to find you had [ ] from New york, But 

[ ] has Nott Miscarrey d . as [ 

On February 1 7th Thodey applied for appointment as a commissary. 

68 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] Cair of old Cap'. Farrel [ ] I 

Received, yours I Sent for [Hugh Crofford] whome your 
Honour Seen [ ] Fort Johnson Just before I 

went to [ ] Expect him hear Tomorrow when 

] d him of to Conduct Pondiac [ ] 

your Honour att oswego he is [ acquainted with all 

the Indians in [ ] of the Cuntry & y e . properist 

] Could think of Imploying for [ 
I will give him plain & full [ ] ns how to Manidge 

Agreeable [ Orders 

] Honour will No Doubt heer from[ 
of Majer Farmers Safe Ariveal [ ] Iliniois Dec r . 

Last, I observe what [ ] wrote you About Cap 1 

Sterlings [boast of surprising the Indians in that Cuntry — 

I know they Su [ ] his Majesty 

Trups [ ] the Method of Surp [ 

] own Cuntrey, as to [ ] 

of thise Cheefs I Ca [ as I am Nott 

agrea[ ] Mett a Number of Indi[ 

] Pondiac Did Meet Me [ • ] 

and french of that S[ [ Cheeffs of those 

Nations [ ] boath att Weatonan & Detr[oit 

] proved was itt Nesasary, howe[ 
] Maters Very Litle whether y e . 
Cuntry was Gain d . by Nogosiation 

Indians or by Surprise Sence [ My part I 

Claine No Merritt [ ] Duty & allways Shall 

think My S[elf ] for My Sirvices when I act So 

as [ ] Honours aperobation 

I had No Conversation in New 
General about y e . Expence of My [ ] Ilinois, he 

Tould Me you had [ ] you preposed Sending Me 

there [ ] I had No objection I tould him 

[ ] provided I Could be of any Serv[ 

] that as Soon as I Received your | | and 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 69 

what you Should think Nes [ 

I Should be R[ ] Said was Very well 

[ ] your honour on th[ 


[ ] Comeserys to be apointed 

[ ] Subject from New york | 

] ly y e . properist person 
] ur Could Chuse fer [ 
take to be y e . prenseple [ Trade to the 


[ ] be Smiths & Interpreters W [ 

] the Ilinoes Fort Pitt Detroit a[ 
]ackinack I Should be Glad to [ 
] honours orders About them & t[ 
thire Salerys is to be & how th [ | be 

Suply d . with provisions & [ to Drow 

thire pay as None of [ ] Can Subsist 

without haveing Money [ ]t them from Time 

to Time 

[ ]nclosed your Honour Some Acounts 

]n abstract of w ht . was Due to the 
]erd Sep r . last a good part of w h . I am 
] & hope y r . honour has Setled [ 
the Gineral as he Declairs he will [ ] pay a 

farthing to any person in [ ] Departm 1 . butt 

y\ Self 

Yesterday I had a Let[ 
Fort Pitt Incloseing [ ] Made the 

Shannas [ ] your honour for y e . 

p[ ] there abouts & y e . Expr[ 

] Majir Farmar was Sev[ 
] from the Ilinioes to Fort [ 
] I Wrote you Some Days ago [ 
] that a Six Nation Indian had [been murdered near] 
Fort Cumberland in this p[ | ere has been 

70 Sir William Johnson Papers 

four More I [ ] I wish y e . Six Nations could be 

] to pass by y e . ohio to Warr agai[nst 
Indians, if they Dont I dread y e . C[ ]s there is 

keeping y e . pople on [ ] in any Kind of order 

the Garden & Turnop Seeds I have gott [ ] 

y r . Doe Skin Stockings w h . I will Send [ ] Days 

Miline the Silversmith is Seek[ ] Spoke the 

Silver Ware of another & [ ] Diricted when Made 

Butt they w [ ] hope as we Expected by y e . 

List I L[ ] as them prices was only for[ 

| Plese to present My Complem ,s to C[apt 
] Cap*. Clause & the Ladys & m r . Buyrns & [ 
] with the Greetest Esteem 

y r . Honours [ ] 

& Most Hum[ ] 

Geo: Cro[ghan] 

To the Honourable Sir WlLLIAM JOHNSON Barr 1 . 


March 12* 1766 

[ ] handed me by M r . Byrne, which Honor 

[ ] pleasure, This comes Chiefly to intro- 

duce [M r . Alex r . Ellice] who from his Integrity and knowledge 
of business recommendations I have rec d . of him, 

Particularly from General [ ] Gorden, has 

induced me to take him A Partner in [ ther]eby 

reap the Benefit of his Labour, 

] Mention'd him to me in the most freindly 
Manner, and [ ] to Serve him, and indeed 

own'd himself under particular Obligations to [ 
which Circumstance alone, Shall on all Occassions make him 
[ ] Services in my power. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 71 

[ ] much Oblig'd to you for your readyness in 

Granting the Necessary [ ] of the Presence of the 

People from Schohary is not Material on [ ] Sending 

it me, in order to Transmit it to M r . Banyar I beleive | 

] the full Intent, & if Necessary M r . Ellice will 
give A Rec 1 . for it [ 

] will be done this Spring relateing Passes for 
the Ind n . Trade, if [ ]ited, it cannot fail, I Shoud 

think to make A Noise Amongst the the Small 

Quantitys that does go, for want of Impertation 1 , will [ 

] dd, Shoud there be no hinderance, As this does not 
concern me [ ] be much Oblig'd to you for your 

advice how to Act, in case you imagine there will be [ 
] at Niagara &c will require M r [ 

] of your Commands & will [ 
] as this is Now the 23 d . In[stant 
] assurd, I have nothing New, but [ 
] You on a Further Mark of Esteem [ 
I hope it is true, & that long may [ his 

hapyness & you to See it is [ | of D r Sir 

Your most Obed f . & most 
Humble Serv*. 

John [Duncan] 

M rs . Duncan, Daughter & M r . 
Phyn Join in best respects to 
you & all freinds your way 

William Johnson. 

1 Duncan, the Johnson Calendar shows, wished to know what would 
be the effect on the Indian trade of the nonimportation of British goods. 

72 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 
[New York, March 13, 1766] 

[ *] 

Cash [ ] Calculation 

of the above Ballance of Ac- 
counts ] as customary among the Mo [ 

Two & One half p r Cent, & On purch [ 

the Customary allowances [ 

] obation please to advise me — 

calculated this Commission Accoun[ 

] that I have recieved, but not being 
| to make use of about the Sum, 
imag[ ]issions; On the Business I 

have t transacted ]ng Sr W m . to be Sensible of 

the Charge b[ Jake an Acco 1 of Commissions 

[ ] minating so verry Unfavorable Oblidges 

eve[ ] the best maner, m their Power, 

not [having ] Cash by them, as there is no 

dependance On [ ] Responsable they are 

unable to Answer their Accou[nts unless they have?] Consider- 
able Estates otherwise, & the Stamp Act [ ] 
Occasions some people to take the Advantage of th[ 

] Opportunity to them to find out the dispositions 

] those Advantages because they cant 

be Sued ; [ ] make it a point if in my power 

to give folks their [ ] policy may turn out to 

those that take no Advantage [ | this Act, — 

I have had proposals from a Man & his Wife, that [ 

]n at this 12 m° to engage for Sir W m they are at 
present hi [red ] verry large Family of 

Quallity in this City: & extreamly like be more 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 73 

desirous to live in the Country One motive is that the 

]nd as much as they are now Oblidged to, they ask Fifty 
pounds wjoman is One Capable of any kind 

of House work, & understands [ ] of a Dairy 

excessive well & is the neatest hand at Washing & c | 
the Country & is every other way the verry person wanted by 
S r W m | | not fall Short of his Wife understanding 

Husbandry in all its [ nei]ther of them anyways 

given to Liquor, Nature has also a[fforded ] Consti- 

tutions as well as able Persons to do their Labour [ 

Convinced they are the verry two that will suit S r . W m . 
| of an Answer as soon as possible that they 
may (if Suitable [ ] notice of their departure, — 

I have had Advertisements [ ] On the Post Roads 

to Connecticut & c in Order to have [Connor ORourk] appre- 
hended wch if Shoud be effected shall forward him | 

S r W ms Orders, — No Servants for Sale here that 
woud | | Some Germans Arrived belong- 

ing to M r Hasenclever, [ jposd of, The 

Cap 1 a freind of mine has also ab l . Twenty [ 
wch are the remains of Some Sold at Carolina, [but 

| & dont Seem to be Suitable, when any Arrive 

| them — Remaining with the 
Compliments [ 


Y r . Most Hum 1 . Serv 1 [to command 

[Wm Darlington] 

Addressed : 


]iam Johnson, Baronet 



New York 13 th . March 1766 

M r . Darlingtons Letter 


March 13 th 1766 

M r . Darlingtons Letter 

ans rd . 26 th . March 

74 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[New] Yorck the 13* March 1766 
] of the 20 Ult mo am honnourd by your 
[ ] nes of the 1 4d ,h . 

] with pleasure that Ruppert has geatherd 
] of Ashes which will enable him to [ 
] Quantity of Pottashes, next sumer, [ ] 

them in the manner prescribed, it [ ] I hope 

to have the honnour to pay you [ ] against Ult°. 

April or P rm May, & then [ ]tain the progress, 

as for M r Remsen [ ] upon my Honnour, 

that he has treated [ ] Gent ,m like, however I 

do not Doubt or [ ] will be bye & bye able 

to pay him & me. 

I have Resolvd before I leave this Country [ 

] a Tour through Canada, & to Descend the River of S ( 
Lawr[ence ] Scotia to this Place, taking 

[ ] I long verry much to Se[ 

] Departure having Some [ ] perhaps 

may be agreeable to y [ ] may tend to the pro- 

motion of [ 

We Expect the Packet eve [ ] has a long 

Passage, evry body is [ ] hear the Result of 

the measurs wh [ ] taken in England in Respect to 

the [Stamp Act] I hope they Are Moderate, I have 
[Some reason?] to Expect they will be So, there is [ 
] to be Sayd in Pro & Contra. 
I beg to present my Respects to [ | Cap 1 

Johnson, & I have the Honnour to [ ] Respectfully 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed hu [ ] 

Peter Hasen [clever] 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 75 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 304, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: Abraham E. Wendell's bill of sale of negro 
Jacob to Sir William Johnson, the consideration being £ 1 00 in New York 
currency, dated the 1 3th ; and the account of Philip Boyle's losses by 
Indians in 1 763, the 1 4th, Philadelphia. 


Johnson hall March 15 th . 1766. 

D R Sir/ 

A few days ago I received your Letter of the 14th ult°. 2 — 
together with the Accounts enclosed which I have reduced to 
N York Curr, and transmit them to the General by this Post 
recommending the payment of them to him. As for the Acct 5 . 
of Interpreters &ca at Detroit, they have been before now sent 
to the Gen 1 , by L f Coll Campbell who paid them by Billets, and 
therefore I apprehend he may yet send down these included in 
your Accot* however I have transmitted them all to the General. 

In Accot*. of this Nature it will be best always to mention the 
times, & to bring them all to a Certain day, this has been recom- 
mended to me before now, and I have followed it. Viz 1 , from 
the 24 th . March to 25 th . 7 br . & so on. In my Letter to the Gen- 
eral I have mentioned your several Losses in the Service & the 
risque you may be at from undertaking any thing of yourself, and 
I have therefore recommended it to him to give you such Monies 
or Credit as may be necessary for your doing some Service & 
Supporting a proper character amongst the Indians without which 
I observed you could not do any thing, but I would not point out 

1 In the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in the 
handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Destroyed in the fire. 

76 Sir William Johnson Papers 

any particular Sum as you will be the best Judge of that and I 
have told him you can inform him, therefore I would have you 
to make the best calculation you can & imediately let him know 
as nearly as possible what you think it can amount to. — he writes 
that by Letters from Pensacola there is an acco'. of the arrival 
of the 34th Regiment at the llinois, and says they have large 
presents with them, but I have wrote him that this will be of no 
Service to you from whom the Indians will of Course expect 
favors, and that, as an Agent for the Department. 

You can let the General know that it is by my direction you 
send him an Estimate of the Expences. 

I daresay the General will imediately order payment of the 
Acco ,s . but I know that previous thereto he will desire my Receipt 
for the Whole as his Voucher ; so soon as this can be transacted 
I shall enclose my Receipt to you or your Order who can receive 
it without my bringing the Money here. 

I wrote you sometime Ago to send off some Very Good hand 
with an Indian or Two to invite Pondiac to meet me at Oswego, 
about June next with a Sachem & Warrior of the Twightwees, 
Chipweighs, Ottawas, Hurons & Powtewatamis of S* Joseph 
and that the Messengers should let me know the Exact time he 
can come, which I hope you have done before this time. 

I deferr sending you the Instructions until the Article of your 
Expences is finally settled which I hope will be Soon as I have 
recommended it very strongly & said a good deal on the Subject 
to the General, who certainly cannot Expect you should advance 
your own money, or run any risque of your private fortune on 
that head. 

I shall appoint M r . M c Kee as a Commissary at Fort Pitt, and 
I can have no objection to M r Smallmans appointment at Detroit 
but my promise formerly to Lieut M c Donnell by your recom- 
mendation, & that Since, Lieut Hay who was recommended by 
Coll. Gladwin has made such frequent aplications to me for the 
post that really I don't well know how to set him aside in case 
L l M c Donnell should decline, or that his long absence would 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 77 

Justify me in appointing another. I should have thought of M r . 
Smallman of myself at Some of the posts as I believe him well 
qualified but for what you mentioned to me here which induced 
me to think you did not intend to recomend him, so that you see 
how hard my Situation is, between a desire to oblige you, & a 
promise, or what amounts almost to one in favor of another. The 
Post of Detroit will always have an Officer of some consequence 
at it, & therefore I wish you'd consider whether that Officer might 
not make a place very disagreable to one unacquainted with the 
Army which he could not so well do towards one who had been 
a Military Man. Another thing makes that post very uncertain 
that is, MacDonnels desire for it which may induce him as he 
had my approbation to get a Commission for it at home, which 
would be a great disappointment to M r . Smallman. — M r . 
M c Dugal applied to me some time ago and for the reasons 
before mentioned I was obliged to put him off as well as I could, 
so that I apprehended he had given up any thing that way, but 
notwithstanding I have determined to appoint him Some where 
else when the other posts are reestablished, as I believe him to 
be an honest, Active Man. If under all these Circumstances 
M r . Smallman will take on him the risque of L' MacDonnells 
return I shall Apoint him, but Let me hear from you soon about 
it, that it may not Lye Vacant for if M r Hay is appointed there, 
he must take it on the like uncertainty. I shall inform M r . Cole 
of my intention to appoint him at the Ilinois & direct him to meet 
you there or on the Road. 

I am sorry M r . M c Kee incurred the £24. on ace*, of the 
Tuscaroras as they were a few People of little importance who 
only had my pass to fetch their Relations from the Southward. 
Geo: Croghan Esq r 

78 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall March 15* 1766] 

[I did not receive your favor of the 3 d ] inst [till this morning 
which Greatly su]rprizes me & more so as the Letters [you 
mention to have Enclosed are] not to be found, possibly after 
Cl[osing your Letter to me, You have] sent them Seperately 
& they may [be still behind. I should be] glad to hear from 
you about them [that I may make proper] enquiry 

[I have received] a Long Letter from M r . Croghan [touch- 
ing] his Journey to the Ilinois wherein he [Expresses some] 
uneasiness with regard to his own Circumstances [former losses] 
& appears desirous to have his Credit for Expen[ces in some 
measure] Settled, Least they might fall upon h [is Estate and] 
requests I would take under Consideration the [ difficulty s he] 
has hitherto struggled with ' That [during General] Stanwixs 
Command he had orders to purchase [presents] for the Southern 
Ind s . to the Am 1 , of £200. which were [given out] by Gen 1 
Stanwix, but that he was then obliged to [pay for them] for 
which he has not yet been reimbursed [That] during Gen 1 
Amhersts Com d . he Expended £1450 at difft [times] by Col 
Bouquets orders, then Comds. to the Southward [which] Sir 
Jeff. Amherst would not afterwards pay, That this [has] 
greatly affected his Estate, which he fears would be made 
[Liable] to ans r . any future Expences he may incurr, sho d he 
[meet] with any accident, or Act without a proper Credit, 
[This (he] says) induces him to request that it may not be 
[taken] amiss if he is unwilling to risque any farther, or to 
[take] upon him Expences without proper Authority & a Certain 
[Credit] for so doing." 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. Burned portions supplied from the 
copy printed in Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 
1 1:187-90. ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 79 

For my part I know he has met with [Sevl] losses, & there- 
fore I am not surprized at his caution, as he has [been] obliged 
to sell the Greatest part of his Lands to pay his debts [& c ] It 
is not in my power to say much to him on this h[ead only] that 
I presume You will order him such a Credit as may appear 
[Necessary & this I have desired him to Lay before you, imedi- 
ately as there is Little time to be Lost at this Season] 

I herewith tran[smit you his Acc ts which he Sent me all] of 
Which he paid (Except [the Interpreters at the outposts)] & 
I bel[ieve is in much Want of the Money] 

[ '] 

I am a Good deal [concerned at the Miscarriage] of your 
pacquet as I could h[ave Sent with Safety and] Expedition — 
The Critical [State of Affairs requires us all] to Look about us, 
and take every [Lawfull & prudent precaution] for the preserva- 
tion of Order, & the preventing any insults offered] to Govern- 
ment, or its Officers, This [will doubtless be the Case] if the 
Parliam*. does not Give up every [thing. They may (from] the 
Steps wch have been taken to interest [so many Trading] 
people) alter or amend the Stamp Act, [& ca or possibly abolish 
it] but if they do the Latter, something else [will probably be] 
fallen upon to shew their Authority for [taxing America which] 
I find they will not give up, [& as that is what sticks] with the 
Leaders of partys here more than [the Act itself, we] may then 
Expect some Trouble. — 

I have reduced the Articles in M r Cro[ghan's Acc ,ts to] York 
Currency as some of them before were [in that of Pensilvania] 
there is but one Voucher for the Interpreter [at Wawiaghtonon] 
Which I am informed & believe to be owing [to the Circum- 
stances] attending the Garrisons at y l . time — Michilimacki [& 
Le Baye have] been Certified by their Comd§ Officers So that 
upon the Whole I think [the acc ,s right] & if they appear so 
to you, I make no doubt of your ordering me payment, so as that 
I may remit them the money. In Justice to a poor Young Man 

1 Several lines missing. 

80 Sir William Johnson Papers 

John [Ousterhout I cannot omit informing you that he has 
served as a Ranger with those I raised by your Order from the 
1 8th March to the 1 sl Nov r 1 764 229 d y s at 4 s W but thro' a 
Blunder made by one of the Officers his] Name [was omitted 
when the Acc tts were sent to] you So that there [is still due to 
him £45.16. which] I Should be Extremely Glad you [would 
take into Consideration that he may be paid — 
[Mr Croghan is desirous] that I should point out to you [the 
Expences that he may be at] at the Ilinois, but as this depends 
[on many circumstances] I cannot possibly ascertain [it, thus 
much I must obser]ve that as it is the first Visit of any [of the 
Department and] at a time when a Shew of Generosity [may 
reasonably] be Expected, it will be necessary for him [to make 
them some] presents & particularly show kind[ness to the 
Chiefs:] I am glad that presents are gone up with [the Troops] 
they will doubtless be given out long before his [Arrival, but] 
if not, an Indian Agent cannot support his [Consequence] or be 
of so much use if it is not in his power, [to bestow fav]ors upon 
them, because the Indians never can be[lieve a man] to be of 
Consequence, or that he has proper [Authority] unless it is in 
his power to shew them kindness as [they call] it — I think a 
certain M r . Cole will make a good [Comissy at] the Ilinois he 
was formerly a Lieutenant in the Regular service and afterwards 
a L l . Col. of Provincials with me in 1755 having met [with] 
small Success in Merchandise engaged in Indian Trade [Which 
he] did not like to continue, and went up Some time ago to 
[Detroit as] he assured me to settle his acct s . and have done 
with that business he is a Man of Education, and Good sense, 
understands [some] of the Indian Languages, and Speaks french 
well, and I believe [he will] support a proper respectable Char- 
acter there from his [acquaintance with both French and 
Indians, I shall therefore give [him not] ice to repair to the 
Ilinois. I must beg the fav r . to know whether [You think] 
Maj r . Rogers's Appointm*. should prevent the Sending a Com- 
missary to [Michili]mackinac, or whether you approve of my 
Sending one there. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 81 

[Lt Rob]erts of the 46 th is a Man who has laid himself out to 
study the Ind s [& acquire their Esteem, in which he has suc- 
ceeded, he understands French Well and begins to make some 
progress in the 6 Nation Language, having long Expressed a 
desire to be employed in the Departm* as he has no money & 
few friends to advance him in] time of peace [, he will dispose 
of his Com" if appointed, but as it may hurt him with the] Regi- 
ment if his inclinations [were thoroughly known, & that thro' 
disappointment] of the Office of Corny he sh d be obliged to 
[rem 11 for the Service I therefore only mention to you my Inclina- 
tion to appoint him at] Niagara, for which post I think him 
[very well Qualified, he purchased his Lieutenancy] & it wo d 
be a great disappointm' for him [to Leave the Army sho d the 
Corny not be allowed] of at home, if he co d be indulged with 
[a few Months till we hear farther ab' the Departm'] I am 
persuaded he wo d be of Service with [the Senecas, Chipeweighs 
&ca] . I have promised Lieu* Jehu Hay of the [60 th an Appoint- 
ment, he was recommended] by C Gladwin & takes a good 
deal of pains [to Qualify himself.] 
[His Excels Gen l Gage] 

[INDORSED: March 15 th 1766 

To Gen' Gage with M r Croghans Acc ts ] 


Johnson hall March 15 lh . 1766 

] ot Last Month for some [ 

]ch. I thank you for the particular 

| very entertaining; thank God I 

] any thing I took here, tho' 

from the disorder in my 


1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

82 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Bowells, whe[ ] Cause. I am 

sorry M r Croghan [ ] a Warrior should 

make nothing of a Night or [ ] 

I have heard that you laid in a Large foundat[ 

] left Claus's, which being hard of [ 
| you Wisely softened it with Egg punch & Madeira 
[ ] ork. 

you for the trouble you took ab l . a Cloth 
for my Billiar [d table If Darl]ington does not get one soon 
from Philadelphia, I shall be [ ] you will procure 

me a Good one & desire Darlington to pay for it. — 

I have Letters from Lord Adam Gordon, & my Son [His 
Majesty] has received the Latter very Graciously and Con- 
ferred the [ ] knighthood upon him, and from the 
reception & notice he has met with [ ] of the first 
Rank a fair opportunity is afforded for his [ of] 
which I hope he will avail himself, there is not much news 

PJarliam*. having done nothing at that time 
but it was Expected [ wou]ld support their 

Authority, and I believe should they Repeal or [amend the 
Stamp] Act they will fall on some other Expedient [ 

As the post is Just going off I have only time to present my 
] M rs . Mac Leod & to Assure you that I am 
Your most Cordial Friend 
& Wellwisher 
] you can get me as 
[ ]nys for a Lodge as 

] will Just answer y e . End 
] d of it, Enclosed is an 

] M r Darlington for y e . money they may cost. — 
[ lod 

Post-War Period, 1 763-/774 83 


Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall March 15 th , 1766] 

] a good while [ 

] of Feb? last I had the pi [ ] 

] been giving me a fine character 
] Company of Sons to Cover 
my f[ Jed the Number Yet I must 

[ ] Generation, but have sup- 

ported the [ ] by an Exertion of 

all the Mem [ ] of them fit for 

Service Yet [ ] from Lord Adam 

Gordon and my Son [ ] good fortune to 

meit with a most Gracious [ ] his Majesty 

who was pleased to conferr the [ ] knighthood 

upon him imediately on his going to Court [ Jed to 

Ask him a Variety of Questions, & the reception [ Jth 

from the Royal family. & persons of the first [ ] a 

Lucky presage for so Young a Man, & I hope [ 
approve himself deserving of it. There is not [ 
in my Letters, the [ ] not having then proceeded to 

buisness, but it was [ J they would Support their 

Authority, and even should they [ alter the Stamp 

Act (which was much doubted) they wo d . | | some other 

Expedient, and indeed unless they do, we [shall all be? J 
Republicans here for the people thro' the of some 

Antimonarchical Men, are | Jnd of Monarchy, unless 

reduced to their Standard, prevails, & will 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. About the number of Johnson's 
children, and honor conferred on one, the republican tendency in America, 
harmony in the Iniskilling regiment, and the campaign of 1 759. — Johnson 
Calendar, p. 304. 

84 Sir William Johnson Papers 

continue to do so 'till peoples Eyes are [ ] see its 

Effects & perceive the interested Views of those [ 

]pose it, & who instead of true liberty, only want to 
take out] of the hands of Governm 1 to keep it in their 


[ ■] 

be Outragious [ ] It is the 

Duty of all [ ] preserving peace 

& Order [ ] 

I am Very [ ] Regiment are 

free from ] they continue so, I 

am su[ ] Imagine, tho' it is now 

your [ ] 

I frequently call to mind [ 
and have traversed tha[ ] Our situation 

that year | ] pushing Men will Work 

themselves | ] their Friends & Superiors 

but whatever ] Got I'm sure you and I 

have profit [ed ] Campaign I am satisfied whilst 

I [ ] Worth, and I am happy to find your C [ 

of their Sense of your Merit and Services [ ] 

Guy is lately [ ] he will write you a few 

Lines, I am certain [ ] for you Your Correspondence 

will [ but I should be much better pleased to see 

you [ ] take a Jaunt that you 

[ ] your Comissary a few days at my Retirement 

ride from Albany In the Meantime be ass[ured 
of my] esteem & Cordial Good Wishes, and that you [ 
] the Beggars Bennizon as I 

am D r M[assy ] 

Your Rea [ ] 

[ ] family desire their Complim ts . 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 85 

A. L. S. 

[Phill'a] March 16'K 1766 

[ ] Ago I was Alarm d . [ 

] from New york to a [ 
this City aquainting him [ you] was 

Dangrously 111 [ ]york see Doctor Magrow 

[ sh]ure your Honour has Given [ 

]cern, yett I flater myself [ 
ailment] is Nott as Releted as I have [ 

from Cap 1 . Johnson or Cap*. [ who I 

think wold, have Wrote [ | had itt been 


] meadetly went to two of y e . Emenant 
[physic] ions in this place & Discribed to [them] in the best 
Maner I was able y e . [ 

of that Disorder w h . has Laterly [ ] you att 

Times So Violently and they [ ] provided 

Some Medicenes for itt [ which] they have 

boath used with Success [ ]tt has Nott been 

Long known to the World — 

those Medisens is a [ ] to me from 

those Gen[tlemen ] how to Take them[ 

by Cap 1 . John Johnsto[n 
| tho I hope in God you [ 
Make use of them [ ] I am afread you 

Stay too ] & Dont Take Exercise 

]to the Sea Side this Sumer 
Service to y r . helth in purtciklor 
Violant Disorder which So af[ 

86 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] May God Grant you Long helth [ 

which is y e . ardent Wish of your 

Most obeident [ 

Most H[ ] 

S[ ] 

Geo. Cr[oghan] 

To the Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Barr 1 . 
Johnson Hall 


/x. Li, O. 

Philad*. March 17 l K 1766 

]se you 3$ the bearer [ 
]pt for am 1 , of Montures [draft 
to your orders for [ ]ch must return you 

[ ] Croghan informs me he want d 

for you and was afraid [ 
]ct them made in time for you [ 
liberty to mention to him [ ] that I wrote you 

about sometime [ ] the other Indian goods & shew d 

]ns of some of the Silv r truck [ 
] likes Verry well but thinks them [ 
heavey which makes them Come [ ] higher then 

some he Could get made [ ] you would not make so 

much | ] on ace*, of that have now taken [ 

| to mention them to you and [ ] will suit 

you to take them it will [ ]tely oblige me I shall be 

always | | render you any service this way [ 

punctualety & dispatch & am with greatest [ 

Dear S r . 

Your most ObR Hhble Serv'. 

Fran s . Wade 
[ ] W M . Johnson Barn*. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 87 

A. L. S. 

Albany 18 March 1766 
[ ] will be Much Oblig d to You if You 

[ se]nd Me per the Berar M r Wade The 

[ the Honb'l John Johnjnsons Ace 1 . £ 123:6:8 and fifty 

Pou[ Cap]t n Dan 1 . Claus Bill on You which I 

h[ ] Last Octob r and Inclos d it to You 

[ ] B V Epps Capt n . Clause wrote Me 

[ ] ago it would be answred any time a 

[ ] New York will ans r . Me the Same as Cash 

I ha [ ] Two deff rant recipt s . per M r Wade — 

if You [ ] Aney Account Against Rob*. Adems before 

he [ ] The Benifet of The Act of Incolvancey Pleas 

to [ ] The Am 1 of it to me as a Devidend will be 

Mead [ Which] are in Our hands of Said Estate as soon 

] The Acct s . are give in I will recive what will 
be [ ] Preportion for you I am 

Dear sir Your Mo : Obd 1 . Hm e Serv [ ] 

Ab m . Lyle 


Schenectady I8 ih . March 1766 
]by the Commissary General [ 
when you have Occasion for [provisions 
] of the Indians, you will be pleased [ 
D]raper S n . Wood Deputy Commissary [at Albany ] 
new Regalations made by the [ Cjhief, 

there is not any Commissary [ ]ace. 

] with the greatest Respect & Esteem 

Your most Obedient & 

most Humble Servant 
[ jorable W M . Bayley 

[ ] Johnson Bar'. 

88 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[y4/fcan]y Marc/2 20 th . 1766 
] Instant I was Not [ 
] that m r . Van Der Werken [ 
] that they Will keep thier Ga[tes 
atte]mpt to remove them And [ 
] by my Advice am verry [ 
]n there In I do Assure You [ 
]ng m r . Van Derwerken h[ 
] me that the Commission [ers 
g]oing to remove All the Gates [ 
] Id be a Deatriment to most o[ 
si]des of the mohaks river my an[swer 

was it Certainly would be a Great deat 
riment far]ms but that In my Opinion there Where 

] Along the river I Advise him to Speak 
to the commissioners?] to Leave Gates As Such pleases 

the Whole being fenced Along the river 
S[ide low Lands] I am much Oblidged to you Sir 

or [ infor]mation In Letting me know the false 

reportes [ ] der Werken I Just now received a Letter 

rom new [York here] In I Am Informed that the pacquet 

is arrived [ ] Every possible Assurance of relief 

n Trade [ rep]e all of the Stamp Act And that 

the General has [ ] st Sent An order to the 

respective Commanding [ the Western Com- 

munication to Lett Every Trade [r | without 

molestation Without A pass 

I Am 

Your most Hum e . Servant 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 89 


A. L. S. 

[Albany] 21* March 1766 

re] questing of you Some time ago [ 
but found by your Answer that [ ] 

Several Senior Lieut s . that [ ] , which would 

perhaps b[ ]man, its very true at that 

] if there was, but have been Since 
below that there was but two 
] making a bargain with Cap'. [ 
the s]ame Batt n , and we have two more [ 
disposed of, M r . Turnbull has gott [ ] therefore 

I imagine that by some recomenda[tion ] hope to 

be provided 1 for, 

Give] me leave Dear Sir to hope you will 
Serving me by your much valued 
] which if you grant may be time 
this Packett 

I have the honor to be with the most [ 
acknowledgement and the utmost respect 


Your most Obedient and 

most humble Servant 

Aug. Prevost 
[ ] Sir William Johnson Baron 1 . 

1 With a captain's commission. 

90 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson H]all March 22*. 1766 

[The Caghnawaga] Ind s , in Canada having Laid 
one M r . Cartier who under pret[ense a grant] dated In 

1 750, is about to dispossess [them 

I Consulted Gen 1 Gage thereon who thinks with me that it is 
a T[rick ] and that it is highly Improbable that the 

French who had a particular [ ] Establishing 

these Ind s . In Canada in Continuing them, and [ 
them Easy and Contented, as they had not only great influence 

] Nations, but were of themselves so serviceable 
to the [French should undo all their plan & of True 

friends make them bitter Enemys [by granting] away their 
Lands in 1750; we cannot therefore Suppose [ 
Manifestly prejudicial to their own Interest, [ 
France after the Conq[uest ] probably cooked up the 

] and the year [ ] & make us at 

Enmity with [ ] attached to us by doing them 

[justice ] I Judged [it ] Satisfaction of these 

Ind s . & the preventing any [ ] persuaded that it 

will appear to you of such [ ] your imediate 

interposition, [ ] the Indians Notice by this 

opportunity of [ ] taken and that the same is 

recommened to yo[ur consideration] 

I am, 

With much Estee[ 

y r Excels [ ] 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 91 


[John] son hall March 22 [1766] 

[ ] your Letter of the 9 th . Inst [ 

]ly stated the Affair of the I[ndian 
] since my Letter on the Subject I find | 
] that the Lands in dispute are [ 
secured to them by the Military Court but a [ 
Grant which however is attended with all the [ 
Except that the Indians have no actual [ 
for it but the King of France's Letter in 1727. tha[ 
should not be permitted to be occupied by M r St Paul | 
French Claimant Contrary to their Interest but [ 
theirs, — As this however makes the Case in some [ 
different I have represented it accordingly to Gov r . Murray 
he will take it into due consideration 

As you have received News of Pondiacs being [ 
Illinois I think it would best [ ] Croghan should 

meet and Treat with him there as this would [ 
prevent the Necessity of my Calling him down, but would 
| whatever present, he Carries up thither to make 
the better | | and should he be now actually at Ilinois 

it will be [reasonable?] to Expect him this way during the 
Summer so as to have [time?] before him & the Twightwees 
to return home, all which I submit to your [consider] ation. — 

I Judge it improper at this time that the [Shawanese] 
should go about revenge, as it may obstruct the [communi] 
cations and render our people liable to much danger I shall 
therefore ] that head and 

I w[ the Expences as 

[ ] 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

92 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 304, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: Sir William Johnson's account of disbursements 
to the westward, principally pay of interpreters and smiths — £1327, 10s, 
9d, dated March 1 5th ; a memorandum of account containing some of the 
items of the preceding and nothing not contained therein (No date) ; and 
a memorandum of account containing the same items as the first, but as 
some of these are not reduced from Pennsylvania to New York currency 
the total differs. (No date) 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 305, is listed a letter of March 22d, to 
the lords of trade on the occupation of Fort Chartres, French designs, Mr 
Croghan's intended journey to the Illinois, appointments made for the 
Indian service, necessity of considerable expenses in Johnson's department 
and William Grant's claim to La Baye de Puans. (printed in Doc. rel. 
to Col Hist. N. Y., 7:816:18). 

D. S. 1 

. March 22d, 1766 

I Sir William Johnson Baronet, his Majestys Superintendant 
of Indian Affairs, and Colonel of the Six Nations, formerly com- 
manding His Majesty's Army at the Reduction of Niagara 
1 759. Do hereby certify that the Sieur Joncaire Chabert, for- 
merly a Captain in the french Army, at the beforementioned 
Fortress did sustain a Considerable Loss of Goods and Mer- 
chandize by the Taking thereof, and of the Fort on the Carrying 
place near it, and that I then heard and allways understood, the 
same was of very large Amount, all which I certify the better 
to enable the said Sieur Joncaire, to obtain a Restitution for his 

1 In Public Record Office, S. P. Foreign — France. 274, London, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 93 

said Losses, As Witness my hand at Johnson hall the 22 d . day 
of March 1 766.— 

W M . Johnson 
INDORSED : Certificate 

In Sir W m . Johnson's, of the 24 tK . 
March 1 766. 
La presente piece 

declaree nulle et de nul effet 
et rejettee par arret du 28 Xbre 1 766 
pour M. Chappuis 1 

A. L. S. 2 

New York March 23 J . 1766. 
Dear Sir, 

My Letter to you of the 3 d . Ins', was a long Time in getting 
to you, tho' I have advice in a Letter dated Albany 9 th . Ins*, 
that all the Dispatches were then received there. What is become 
of the rest of the Dispatches I am at a Loss to know. Colonel 
Bradstreet received the whole; and was desired to forward them 
to you immediately. I conjecture that he, or the Person he 
employed has made some Mistake, and am to hope that he has 
sent them towards Oswego by some other Oppertunity ; than 
thro' your Means. I write to him concerning the Packets, that 
immediate Enquiry may be made after them, how the came not 
to be delivered to you, and on what Ace': the were so long 

On what Ace 1 . M r . Croghan was refused or missed getting 
Payment for his Disbursements from Gen 1 . Stanwix, and S r . 

1 This paper declared void and of no effect and rejected by decree 
of December 28th, 1 766. Brinon for M. Chappuis. 

2 In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

94 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Jeff: Amherst, I can't pretend to say. The first was expensive 
enough in his operations, and I apprehend it has been rather some 
Neglect. As for S r . Jeffery, tho' tenacious, yet I never knew 
him refuse Payments if Expences were ordered, and well cer- 
tified to have been performed. M r . Croghan was a long Time 
in England, and should have made Aplication for Payment 
there ; which would not have been refused if he proved his Claim 
to be well founded. I don't think He can well complain of want 
of money for his last years Expences tho' very considerable. 
All I shall desire of M r . Croghan is that the Necessity of his 
Expences which shall be incurred, the Delivery and Price and 
Quantity of Presents delivered, should be certified in the Manner 
ordered his Acc ts . and vouchers clear. These accompanying his 
Bills will make all clear, and there will be no other Difficulty. 
I am shy of saying to People, what the Treasury say to me. 
They are conscious of their own Integrity, and take it as an 
affront. I am however not at all displeased with the Treasury, 
they must do it, it is necessary, for no man however good his 
Character, is to be trusted with the Money of the Publick with- 
out Checks, and very satisfactory Proofs of his Disbursements. 
I can very easily settle Money Matters with M r . Croghan; he 
has only to conform to the Forms and Methods prescribed to 
him. I hope Mr Cole can speak the Ilinois Language, and wish 
to see him here as soon as possible. 

With Respect to the different Commissarys you propose for 
the upper Country, there should be as many as you Judge abso- 
lutely necessary and no more. Lieu*. Roberts is in bad Circum- 
stances, and what you propose for him I think the best thing that 
he can do. I don't know whether he bought his Commission, if 
he did, he has only to look out for a Purchaser. Major Rogers 
you know as well as myself, I inclose you the Instructions given 
him by me, so you will Manage the rest. I fear he will not make 
an Extraordinary Commissary, and Missilimakinak is the greatest 
Mart of Trade. 

I shall order the Ace 1 , to be examined which you sent me; I 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 95 

think the Demands for something of this Nature were before 
given in, but don't know they were paid, but very likely were 
first referred to your Inspection. As for John Osterhout, as his 
service comes within your own Knowledge, you will endeavor 
to manage it in your next Acc ts . 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 
S R . W M . Johnson Bar 1 : 
INDORSED : New York March 23 d . 1 766 
Genr'. Gages letter 


A. L. S. 1 

Albany, March 23, 1766 
At a meeting lately of the Fraternity Brother McLeod begged 
leave to ask the chair if he had got a few lines from Sir William 
Johnson as had reason to think he had a great desire to be a 
master, his Worship's answer was that he had not received any 
answer from brother Johnson, but when he desires, he should 
think himself honored in waiting on him at Johnson Hall if agree- 
able to the Lodge which at that time was in due form and no 
objection was made and as there is a meeting Thursday the 27th 
thought myself obliged to acquaint you that the consent of the 
Lodge will be asked, but perhaps you would rather greet them 
at Schenectady which will be equally alike and beg an answer 
on the subject. 

Sir, your most Obt. and humble servant 

Br. Prevost. 

1 Copy made by Rev. Wolcott W. Ellsworth, of Johnstown, N. Y., 
before the fire; the original was much injured. 

96 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Df. S. 1 

Johnson hall March 24*. 1766 

received your petition concerning [ 
] from a Sense of which and [ 
any service for obtaining restitution [ J 

a Certificate of all I know about the [ not] in my 

power to Express myself in [any but] general Terms. — 

[ ] heartily wish that My Certificate may p[rove 

the Restitution you have applied for as I am 

A. D. S. 

[24th March, 1766} 

[ 2 ] 

Indian Villages [ ] 

13 th . To Medicines for a sick Huron Squaw as 3$ 

Bill H. 

To Paran's Account for victualling some 

Swegachy Indians coming on Bus s 1 . 8 . — 

To Postage for a Packet from you on His 
M*. S e 13. 

24. To the Bakers Bill for Bread to Indians. . . 3. 16. 3 
d°. To ferrying some Abenaquis Dep s . over 

Longueil ferry 9. — 

25. To carry age of Amunition to the two 

Villages to Lachine . . 8. — 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Several lines missing. 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 


To what paid S f . Jean Interp r . for attending 

me to Caneghsadagey 

To 4 Spontoons for young chiefs being made 
heads of parties by the Sachems agreable 

to custom 

30 th . To Will m . Murray Innkeepers Acco'. for 

sundries to Ind ns 

Oct r . 1 st . To Pepins blacksmiths Ace 1 for Work 
to Ind ns 

2. 6. - 

2. 8. - 

2. 15. - 

I. 15. - 

Carried forward £23 . 1.3 



To Philip [ 

24 th March [ 

To 6. Months H [ 

Strange Indians [ 

p r . Month 

Total £[ 

Errors excepted 
this 24 th . March 1 766. by me 

Dan. Claus 
Depy. Ag l . to S r . W m . Johnson 

INDORSED: Acco f . of Ind n . Expences 
in Canada from 
1 st . Sep r . 1765 to 24 th . March 
1 766.— 
£95.. 8.. 11 — 

98 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York 24 th . March 1766 

I have received your favor of the [ 
shall take care to Compleat your Orders [ ] soon as 

done shall forward the whole [ ] with a good 

Carefull Skipper. 

The January packet is arrived last [ ] day 

& the Inclosd Contains all the [ ma]terial News, the 

people are in great | expectations, per the next packet 

to receive [ m]ore favorable accounts, I Observe by the 

papers your Worthy Son Sir John Johnson Kn l . has had the 
Honor to be preferred to a Governors post in America On wch 
Intelligence my Wife Joins me in congratulating you & Remain 
with Compliments to your Worthy Family 

Y r . Hum e Sert to Com d 

W M . Darlington 
[ ] wife begs you would 
[ ] Keg pickled Oysters 

[ ] the Mason wch wish 

[safe to h]and; The Hallifax packet sails 

] day next, I have reced a line from 
[Mac] Leod, advising of a draft of £[ ]wch shall duely 
Sir W m . Johnson, Baronet 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 99 

L. S. 1 

Johnson hall 24 ih . March 1766. 

I have received your Letter" concerning M r . Chaberts circum- 
- Of February 19th. The letter, in Johnson Calendar, p. 301, was 
destroyed by fire. It was accompanied by a statement in French of 
Chabert's losses at Little Niagara and at Chippewa creek in July, 1 759. 
stances and request, together with his Petition to me, which I 
have considered, and from my Inclination to serve him, and 
obtain the Restitution he expects for his Losses, I now inclose 
him in the Letter herewith transmitted a Certificate of what I 
could declare relative to his Losses, as fully as my Ignorance of 
the particulars would permit, and I heartily wish it may answer 
his purpose, and be conducive to your Security & Interest 

I am 
Your verry Humble Serv'. 
W M . Johnson 

M R . Jenison. 

INDORSED: Johnson Hall 24 March 1766 
S r W m . Johnson 
Rec d 
Ans d . 

1 In Public Record Office, S. P. Foreign — France. 274, London. 

100 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

[Fort Pitt, March 24, 1766] 

[ ] D'. 

Jin the Indian Department at 

[ ] 

[ ] 

assistant] Agent from the 24 th . 
of sep r . 1765 [ ] sterling being for 

six Months [ ] at the rate of 4/8 p r 

Dollar £80. .7. .2 

[Paid John Meanner Inter] preter from the 24 lh . 
sep r 1765 [ twen]ty five Pounds sterling 

being for six [ ] p r annum at the rate 

of 4/8 p r Dollar 40. .3. .7 

Pay employed to attend 
the Indians [ from the 24th sep r . 1 765 ] to the 
24 th . March 1766 being One hundred [and 

eighty-one days] at 3/ p r day 27 . . 3 . . 

] Pay employed to attend the 
Indians from 24 th . [sep r 1765 to 24 th ] March 
1 766 One hundred & eighty one days [at 3/ p r 
day] 27.. 3.. 

£174. .16. .9 

Receiv]ed from George Croghan Esq r . the Amount 
of [ ] A 


Alexander M c Kee 


D. S. 

[Received] from Alexander M c Kee Twenty seven Pounds 
three shillings [Pennsylvania] Currency being my full Pay for 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 101 

attending the Indians from [24 th Sep r ] 1765 to 24 th March 
1 766 One hundred and Eighty one [days ] day 

Dennis # M c Elhenney 


D. 5. 

[Received from] George Croghan Esq r . Fifty one Pounds 
[eight shillings] and six pense Pennsylvania Currency being 
[ ] from the 24 sep r . 1765 to the 24 th . March 

1766 [ assisjt 1 . Agent for Indian Affairs. — 

Thomas M c Kee 


A. D. S. 

[Received of Alexander McKee twenty] seven Pounds three 
shillings [ ] Pay for attending the Indians [ 

] 1 766 One hundred & Eighty one [days 

Robert Love 


D. S. 

[Received of Alexander] M c Kee Twenty five Pounds [sterling 
]nds three shillings & seven pence [ | at the 

rate of 4/8 p- Doller being [ ] Interpreter from the 

24 th . sep r 1765 [to the 24th March] 1766 six Months. 

John I M Meanner 

102 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

[Received] from George Croghan Esq r Fifty Pounds [ 

] to Eighty Pounds seven shillings & two pence [Penn- 
sylvania Currency, being my full Pay as an Assist [ant agent] 
from the 24 th . sep'. 1 765 to the 24 th March 1 766 [ ] 

Alexander M c Kee 

alexander pott s receipt to george croghan 

D. S. 

[Received from] George Croghan Esq r . seventy Eight [pounds 
ten shillings Pennsylvania Pensylvania Currancy [ 

Pay for Attending on the Indians at Fort Pitt [ 
] May 1 765 to the 24 th . March 1 766 at 5/ p r day. 

Alex r . Pott 

I certi]fy that the above Named Doctor Potts was em- 
ployed by me [George] Croghan Esq r . at the earnest request 
of the Chiefs of [ ]1 Nations at the Conference held 

here in May 1765. [ ] their Sick, which Duty the 

said Doctor Potts has performed [ever] since that time. 

Will m . Murray C[aptain] 
42 d Reg' 

A. L. S. 

N. York the 24*. March 1766 

] the pleasure of receiving your letter 

| to accept of my hearty thanks, as well 

remembring me when your department 

| glad to hear that our method of living at Johnson Hall 

with] no bad effects to you, true he is a bad 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 103 

] or three nights hard duty. Yet I begin to[ 
Bacchus?] are more fatiguing than those of Mars, and 
] an facultys, when balls don't interfere, 
against poor Bacchus for fear my actions should 
I spoke to M r Darlington about your [billiard table cloth. 
| me you will have none excepting it be all of a [piece. 
no]t to be had either here or at Philadelphia. I 
pieced and that so neatly it was scarcely dis- 
cernible [ to the balls when nicely done, if you 
chuse one eas]ily be had; there is one M r Provost 
going to write to [ ] ths of Breadth enough each 
for a Billiard Table, | | may have, when they arrive, and 
the other if you chuse | | make a good Coat for Harry. 
Pondiac, or my Friend ]ses any thing that is offer'd 
him and, I'm persuaded has | ]t of so advantagious an 
offer as this would be. 1 be sent as soon as I can get 
them made ; I shall to morrow | ] ed lodge here, if they 
are very neat yours shall be of the kind enough to 
let me know when you send for your | | and it shall be 
sent together or I may possibly carry [ ] 
The reception your Son met w[ith 
and I am persuaded he will make the 

reported here that Lord Adam Gordon regi] 

ment to Portugal. Cap'. 1 Kennady [ to 

take command of his Ship it's th [ought for | not 

taking the stamps on board. It is [ other 

People in power in this Province [ on the] knuckles for 

not acting with more | lieutenant] of a Man of War lying 

here thought | liken the Sons] of Liberty to My Rebellious 

Country [men 2 for] which the libertins intend to make 

him [ if] they can catch him; but he stays on 

board they Say by a number of Regular 

1 Archibald Kennedy, captain of the ship, Coventry. 

2 The Scots who rose in rebellion in behalf of the Young Pretender. 

104 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Troops [ ] My Compliments to Cap u . Johnson and 

Claus [ ] M rs Mac Leod insists on her Compliments 

to[ ] 

I am with the greatest esteem 


Your very Obedient 

Humble Servant 
Normand M [ac Leod] 


[Johnson Hall Mar]ch 25 l K 1766 — 
[ ] Acquaint the Gent of the Comittee for Kaya- 

deros[seras ] of conversing with the Indians about 

] to some terms of Accomodation [ 
the Majority would by no means hearken [ not] 

received relief agt that patent formerly by this [ if his] 

Majesty did not now relieve them, [ ] I did not 

nevertheless neglect to urge th[ ]ness and 

inclination to serve the proprietors as far as [ ] 

to get rid of the Trouble I have had with the Ind s . on this 
[ ] and I have at Length so far prevailed as 

to procure [ ] Majority of them to agree to an 

Accomo[dation ]g it as the Boundary proposed created 

many disputes ] have met with as they Express it thro 

the Lands being detained from them hither [to ] present 

necessary which I could not take upon me to [ ] they 

seemed very much averse to the coming so far up the [ 
as the Creek you mention, neither would any of them agree 

] those who agreed that it sho d . go so far West 
as to the Creek observing that it was a well known natural 
[boundary? | prevent future disputes, & that it was the 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 105 

utmost they could be Expected to Agree to, upon the Whole I 
believe that [ | be agreed to by them all as a Limit for 

some consideration [ the rest I shall be glad to hear 

from you upon that Subject as soon [ as] they are now 

on the Spring hunt and will Shortly be home. [ ] the 

Ind s remarked that [ ] they wo d . Execute a proper 

Release for the one part, they Expected that the rest should be 
] heirs & Assigns forever, & they ment d . this because 
in [a transaction of that Nature they were informed by one of 
the partys [that a re] lease to them was only a blind calculated 
to deceive & Lull [them into] Security for a time but that the title 
to the Lands released wo d . hereafter [ | party who told 

them this had a particular interest in so doing [ 
wondred that it Sho d . alarm & render the Ind s . more cautious. — 
I hope that your & th[ ] of the Affair 

which [ ] pestered by the Indians 

whatsoever] . If the Accomodate does not take 
place I hope [ ] behalf rather more than may be 

deemed [ ] at home & the propriet" will do 

me the Justice to [imp]ute no future [dis]putes or ill con- 
sequences [to] backwardness [in the]ir cause. The Ca[ 

] patent cannot be imputed [ ] Say anything 

now on the Subject [ ] known amongst the Ind s . as 

well [ ] & therefore & from the diffi [ 

] I dare Affirm that the Ind s . will never 

I may confidently assure you that nobody 

else [ ] The Mohocks are but few but the 

[ ] them that cannot at any time [ ] raise 

] and there are those of that Nation who have 

] the late Discourse about Dividing it. I am 

[ ] imaginary fears but as It is known th [ 

] should any disturbances arise I pres[ 

striving to prevent such ill Consequences by every means in my 

po[wer | be thought of the Matter be assured I should 

Impose upon [ ] the Affair in any other Light. 

I have taken much pains | Expressed 

106 Sir William Johnson Papers 

by the Committee, and If they persist in their Resolutions, 

they I or any thing else wherein I can serve 

the proprietors | ] me with your Answer as soon as 

possible that [ ] Conclusion — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 306, is a letter of March 25th from 
William Weyman, in New York, about continuing work on the Indian 
prayer book (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:364; Q. 4:230). 


[Niagara, March 26, 1766] 

I have the pleasure to [ J you 

that every thing was [ 1 peace and Quietness in this 

world — . during my [command] ing this 
Garrison last fall [I had occ]asion to give Some Indians 
[ goods to] the Value of about four [ ] Cy. may I 

ask you how to] have that Sum reimburs'd [ 

I am 

With Respect Sir 
Your Most Obed[ ] 

Serv 1 . 
John Clarke 

D/. 1 

Johnson hall March 26* 1766 
[ let]ter of the 18th Inst 2 and I am 

purchase will not be to the prejudice 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
-Of the 21st? 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 107 

]11 the better intitle me to use my litt[le 
whic]h I shall not fail to do in the Letter I[ 

| Gordon, and tho' it was impossible for me 
ready for the January pacquet, I wish 
to prove of Service by the next — 
]also Just received your favor of the 23 d 
concerning] an Affair of a different [ 
have not the pleasure of knowing you person [ 
have wrote by this opprotunity to Ensign Christie 

of which I suppose you will be acquainted. — 
[Please] to give my best Compliments to M rs Prevost 
] believe that I am 

Sir Your Sincere Well Wisher 

& very humble Servt 

A. L. S. 

Onondago Falls 26 March 1766 
] have the honor of Congratulating you 
] Arrival in England, as also on the 
] his Majesty & honours confer'd on him 
w]hat I expected & think due, to the [ 
] emminent Services to his Country [ 
Efface. & may justly Claim the Title of [ Who 

Still continues to be the Chief Support [ 

Sir tis with the most Sincere Joy I hear [ 
Concur in a dependance on your abilities. & or 

party can find nothing to your disadvantage con] duct, 

therefore why should not a Sovereign be glad | honor] ing of 

such a Subject. I hope soon to hear of your [ 
honorable Order of the Bath. In the overflowings | 
affectionate Heart, that participates in every event satis] 

faction or honor to you or your deserving family, 
to testify to you my unfeigned Joy. It must [ | greatest 

108 Sir William Johnson Papers 

pleasures a generous heart can feell, to [ sovereign, Shews 

to the world by conferring unrequested [ grate] full 

Acknowledgment of Service done from [ ]cipal, freeing 

our distress'd Colonies from Slavery [ ] of Emolu- 

ments, or increase of Power [ ] General's Orders, I 

find we might have the hap[piness of ] you at Ontario it 

Seems also that some of Our Regiment or perhaps the Whole 
posts from Fort Stanwix to Ontario [ 
] be a delay to expresses. & the S[ ] post 

will have an oppertunity of [ ]ing their Horns &c. 

I have trespass'd too much on your [ 

]ent must be very precious [ give] 

me leave to Subjoin the Sincere [ ] has the 

honour to be with the most Sincere [ ] 

Your m[ ] 

m[ ] 

[ 1 

To Sir William Johnson 


Phill. March 26* 1766 

] Received your Honours favor [ 
& has this Day Inclos d . the [ es]timate of presents w h . 

I think will [ ] my Journay to the Ilinioes which 

[ ] will Transmitt your honor for yo [ur ] 

employment of M r . Hugh Crofford with your [ 
to conduc]t his Majesty the agust Pondiac to Meet 

you att oswego Next June [ ] Instructions I enclose 

you [ furnishe]d him with Wampum for the Belts 

] for his Expences in y e . Indian Cuntry [ 
| pounds Cash to Take him to Fort Pitt all | 
Taken his Receept for & will Send you. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 109 

[ ] him by way of Detroit as its Very Likely 

mjeet his Majesty there if Nott. I have Wrote 
Camjpble 1 to Send M r . Shane with him to [ 
who Lives fifty Miles from Detroit 

[With] respect to y e . Interpreters & Smiths pay att Detroit 

] have Included them in the ac lts . I Sent you | 

] they aply d . to Me Last fall & Tould Me [ ] 

Campble had Struct of thire provisions and | | that he 

Could Nott Setle thire pay [any ] that they Must aply 

to y r . honour or Me [ 

My Recommendation of Major Smallman 2 I 

only Ment for the present whilst [M r . Macdonjald was in 
England, as I well knew your [honor had] promist him that 
post & that he Rely d . [ ] Since I Received your 

Leter I am Convint [that M r Hay] or any other Military Man 
will Do [ ] M r . Macdonald Returns — 

M r . Smallman who is No[ ] orders will 

Return as Soon [ ] Leve to Return you My 

thanks [ ] apointing him when y e . other 

[ ] Trade & hope he May answer My 

] I am Likewise to Return you [ 1 

your honors Determining to [ 

post & flater my Self [ ] By Some 

Leters I have Received [ ] that Since Major 

Fermar 3 all French] Inhavitence is Mov d . over to the 

Lfuisiana side of the?] Misisipia and Carrey d . with them 

] of the provisions they had with them [ 
to Distress our Garrison w h . they have present 

Case No Doubt they Intend to [ ] Coleny there to 

Vie with us in the Ind[ian trade &] to Secure thire Indian 
Intrest, Ever Sen[ce ] have Taken great pains to 

preswade the [Indians of that?] Cuntry that we Intended to 

1 Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell, commanding at Detroit. 

2 For commissary at Detroit. 

3 Major Robert Farmer, commandant at Fort Chartres. 

1 1 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sese thire [lands | the Southern Indians to Setle there & 

Jus[ ] with what those Indians has herd from 

[ ] has Given them a Noesion that thire C [ 

] and they will Expect to have Some L[ 
them on that Head this Sumer the [ ] from | 

in thire Cuntry will Incres [ ] how a Garrison Can 

Subsist there without [ ] Colony to Supert itt & the 

Sooner this [ ] with the Natives, the Beter however 

of [ ] a beter Judge than I am 

the Gineral Wrote Me the other Day th[ your 

honor for y r . opinion whether it w [ ] up the Resent- 

ment of y e . Shannas & other [ ] KilR 

thire pople 1 Last year wh[ ] that I thought 

itt was p [ ] thire Makeing any Close 

[ ] ather Butt if we Sperrited [ 

]ge Till y e . posts att y e Ilinioes [were established] 
itt Might Cutt of our [communication] between Fort Pitt & 
thise [ ] 

] your honours Departure [ 
have allways been Suply d . by Me [ Time to 

Time & Some times Indebtf ]lf years pay became 

Due More then [ ]s None of them Can Subsist 

with [ ] advance and as there will be More 

[ ] this apointment then has hitherto been 

[ f leaver of you to Lett Me know what 

[ ] have ^ anum and w h . of them I am | 

] Setle with, I Should Imigan that [the commissary s] 
att Each post Might Setle with [the interpreters & Smiths att 
those Westerly posts [ ] with them onst in Six 

Months I Dont [ ] this the Makeing of a Litle 

Truble to [ ] Butt think itt will be More Regular 

& [ ap] prove of it & Send Me Instructions 

1 The affair at the mouth of the Wabash in June, 1765, in which 
Colonel Croghan and a party of Shawanese were attacked by Kickapous 
and Mascoutins. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 1 1 1 

set] tie itt on this plan or any other 
] Most proper 

accounts y e . Gineral has from y e . Ilinioes 
[ to be] there in May next 2000 [ ] 

besides y e . Nations Setled in y e . Cuntry So that [ ] 

Judge y e . Task I have to Incounter I think [ ] 

Take Some of y e . Shannas Dellaways & [ from] 

Fort Pitt with Me to Convince [ ] Nations of 

our Close Connections [ ] Nations this Way 

w h . if you Aprove of [ ] Menshon to the Gineral — 

I have been Ready this [ ] and the 

Sooner I Can go [ ] great & I 

Shall Loose y e . [ ] 

in two Days I will Send you [ ] you 

Wrote Me for y e . Seeds [ ] send by a 

Man that is going to [ ] them Safe by whom I 

will [ ] Acounts I have Gott y r . ac". from 

] & paid them the ballance w h . [ ] 

please to present My Complim fs . [ ] Cap 1 . Claus & 

the Ladys & Good [ ] I am Honouread Sir with 

theG[ ] 

Your Most [ ] 

and Most [ ] 

Geo: Croghan 
P.S. I Request the feaver of y r . honor [ ] of the 

artickles of paice between [ ] and Dellaways as 

thire Cheefs May D[esire ] Explain them this [ 

To the Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Barr*. 
Johnson Hall 

1 12 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson hall 27 lh . March 1766 
Dear Sir 

Your favour of the 4 th . Ins 1 , did not come to my hands till 
after the departure of the last Post, I have likewise a letter from 
M r . Amos Ogden on the same Subject, whom I am verry desire- 
ous to serve as I beleive him to be a deserving Man and one who 
merits some Gratuity for his past Services. — I wish I knew how, 
or in what way I could best do this, from what M r . Ogden men- 
tioned to me when he was here, I apprehend his chief desire is 
to obtain a Grant of Lands somewhere about Wioming on the 
Susquahana, in which case it will not be Elligible for me to say 
anything, as such a design w d . appear contrary to the Sentiments 
I have always been oblidged to Express concerning Indian 

If it is not his intention to make an application on that 
Head, I shall gladly do him any good office in my power, by 
mentioning his Services, but his obtaiming a bare certificate from 
the Gentlemen who have subscribed to his Memorial does not 
appear so well calculated for obtaining much notice, tho it may 
sufficiently prove his Services, I shall be glad to hear farther on 
this head. 

The January Pacquet brought me a letter from my Son, which 
contained verry little news, it being a Matter of doubt at that 
time what would be the Issue of the Debates in Parliament, 
tho it was thought by many of y e . first People that the Stamp 
Act would not be repealed, the Issue is doubtless expected with 
impatience, and from some hints there is reason to think it will 
be more favourable to the Commercial Interest of the Colonies, 
than to the Wishes of the People concerning the Stamps ; — I 
hope it may produce a Harmony between the Mother Country 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 113 

& this, and that the People may be convinced a proper consistent 
Support of the priviledges of the Mother Country are the surest 
prop to our libertys here against the future encroachments of the 
Ambitious in America. 

If you have heard anything particular by the Janr>\ Pacquet 
I shall be glad to be infomred, and You may always expect a 
reciprocal communication from him who ever remains 

Dear Sir 

Your most Sincere freind 
& verry Humble Servant 

W M . Johnson 
The Honr bIe 
L T . Gov R . Colden 

Contemporary Copy 1 

S l . James s March 27 lh . 1766 

This will be delivered you by M r Walker [ 

Misfortune to have mett with such [ a]t 

Montreal as is a disgrace to [ ] no Material complaint 

has been [made against him] for Misconduct as a Majistrate, 

and[ gejneral Character is supported by the [testimony?] 

of very respectable people both in [ ] and in London, 

and as it seems unjust [ ] person should be turned 

out of the Magistracy for any other cause but misconduct 

there [in especially after the unparellelled Cruelties 

]sed on M r Walker. 2 I am therefore to acquaint 

you Sir — that he should be immediately restored and put into 

the Commission of the Peace, and also that you would [omit] 

1 Inclosed in letter of John Welles to Johnson, May 29, 1 766. 

2 For an account of this affair, see Report of Chief Justice Hey of 
April 14, 1767, in Canadian Archives, 1888, p. 8-13. Ottawa, 

1 1 4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

nothing in your power to support him in that unmolested Persuit 
of Trade, which as a British subject, he is entitled to, wherever 
he chuses to settle. — As to the persons concerned in the horrid 
Attempt to Assassinate M r Walker in his own house I hope that 
in Consequence of his Majesties Orders in Council of y e 22 d . 
Nov r . transmitted to you in my Lett r . 2 Dec r . 1 765 

You have taken such Me[ ] and bro 1 . to Tryal 

those who Vigilance, which from a sense of 

] exert to bring such Offenders to Justice [ 
It is not without extream Co [ ] Conduct of some who 

are honoured [ ] Commiss 11 . in his Army, has raised 

] having been engaged in this Atroci[ 
I hope there is no foundation for such [ If] any there 

are, their Crime is doubl[ed ] in so extravagant a 

Violation of Laws [ ] so flagrant a breach of that 

Order which is the Life & soul of all Armies 

and ] of the British, whose Glory it is to be the 

] of the Laws, & Liberties of their Country [ 
Wherever his Majesties Forces are found [ ] by a Spirit 

Contradictory to that Principle [ ] a disgrace to his 

Service, and must experience?] his highest displeasure. — 
Their hon[or ] interest requires, that the Military should 

] selves as to ensure themselves the Respect 
People. — I am therefore by his Majesties [ ] to 

recommend it to you and all the Princip[al | in America, 

that the utmost Attention be given [ ] the strictest 

Dicipline, & that on no Ace' their Encouragement be given, to 
any Idle Pre [tense of] Exclusive Priviledges in the Military 
] altogether unsuitable to the [ ]tion, 

and can tend only to the [ ] and Discipline, from 

which [ ] confident, you will think it very [ 

Duty, to discountenance all such [ ] dangerous 

Opinions [ ] myself you will feel as strongly 

[ ]ing Injustice that any Resentment should 

Walker, after the cruel Wrongs he has suffered 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 I 15 

r]ight to pursue those who would have murthured 
]mon Cause of Humanity they should be pursued 
] cannot that I see, entertain a Resentment against 
seeking Justice without in some measure making 
] in this very black Affair. — 

] and the Equity of the Gentlemen of the Army, 
demonstrate that, however particular Men may 
the Army in General were not actuated by 
Prejudice to this unfortunate Man. If there 
] ever be any Persons so very wrongheaded or ill 
] to intend him Mischief, I reccommend it par- 
ticular [ly to you] Sir, to exert your Utmost Endeavours to 
] their Malice, and to protect him. 
I am with great Truth & regard 
Your Most Ob 1 . h ble . Servant 

(signd) H. S. Conway 

Coppy taken 

]ginal under a flying seal 

] Alexander Mackenzie 
[George] Allsopp Esq r 

May 25^. 1 766. 


His Excellency 
James Murray Esq r . 
Governor of His Majesties 
Province of Quebec 

A. L. S. 

Niagara March 27 1766 

conveyance of the Schooner 
this to acquaint you the Indians are 

well here | late Commandant Cap*. 

1 1 6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Arnett | I some time indispos'd, the present 

[Commandant] Capt. Clark, agrees well, with the Indians 

I am, 

Honoured Sir 

Your obed'. Hble Serv 1 
De Couagne 


Johnson hall March 27 th 1766 
] kind Letter of the 10 th , the punctuality 
not] complain of as I know that business must 
for the] most part so Engaged as to fail often in th[ 


[I am muc]h obliged to Gen 1 . Monckton & M r . Napier 
for th[eir to my Son [and to you] for the kind Intro- 

duction you have given him. he will doubtless [ 
kind Offers of friendship, he has met with much Notice at home 

deepest obligations for the favor he has 
found; His [Majesty was pleased] to knight him imediately on 
his going to Court [ ] Questions, the Royal 

family & several of the Nobility [ ] to take such 

notice of him as may prove a real Service to him [ pro] per 

use of the favorable Introduct". he has towards Improvement, it 
must therefore [ ] to hear that he is likely to attend 

to what may be of some [ ] himself, hereafter. — I 

have had the pleasure of Two friendly [letters from Lor]d 
Adam since his departure, the last from London informed me 
] delivered the belts & Speeches to his Majesty 
in his Closet, who [ ] very favorably, & such parts 

of them as require it will be [ ] but I am of your 

Opinion that the present Disputes may prevent [ 
regard to any thing else, — Indeed they have as well American 
disputes amongst themselves, for power & 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 1 1 7 

Riches are pretty universally [ ] notwithstanding 

this Country is as yet in its infancy I believe many [ 

a inclination for both. — The New Members in the House of 

may be of Service to America with regard to 
the Stamp Act, but if it is [repealed?] there is a Likelyhood 
they will adopt something else to answer their purpose [ 
we cannot with Justice make a like opposition, At all Events 
Our late Conduct here [ ] known at home may [ 

more restrictions & a Stricter Eye upon this Country than 

have met with, & all attempts to Abridge the 
Authority of the British parliament [ prob]ably prove a 

Serious affair In England, It is Extremely difficult [ 
not impossible to discover Mens true motives, I wish that all who 
profess a ] may pursue it from an Ardent Love 

rights] & oppose an Extension of power merely because it 
is an Infringement thereof, not as if it [ 

by other hands, and I firmly believe if all men of note here were 
as [Just & disinterested as yourself we sho d . have proceeded 
with more Moderation, & have obtained speedy [ 
May their debates at home be conducted [ 
Britain on the other that so our Union & [ 
& Cemented by the Strong tyes of Interest & [ ] 

I have heard of Major [ ] that is a very fine 

Country & ] how long the Machinations of 

[the French ] enable us to do so is a Serious 

[ ] 

I find the January pacquet [ ] doubtless 

will as the parliament have b [ ] be glad of a 

Communication of your [thoughts ] Correspondence as I 

have a real Esteem for [ 

With the most Co[ ] 

[ 1 

1 1 8 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

[Niagara] March 27 th J 766 
[To John Clarke] Esqu r . 
[Captain in his] Majestys 46 th . Regiment of Foot [ 

] at Niagara, and all other [ ] & Places, 

depending thereon — 

The petition of the Traders here [ ] Most 

humbly sheweth That We the [ ] unto have this day been 

informd by ] Majesty's interpreter at this place 

for ] That there has been for some time, 

]ly now is, on the opposite side of the Lake 
] from Canada: with all manner of Indian 
[goods?] tradeing with the Nations there, 

As this is a method not only predudi[cial 
but absolutely contrary to his Majesty's Royal Proclamation. 

We therefore most earnestly request your immediate assistance 
in Suppressing this grievious proceeding — 

Sign'd as follows 

Henry Williams 
Alexand r . Fraser 
Pett r Ryckman 
Hugh Boyle 
Tho s . Williams 
Harmanus Wendel 
Garr*. Teller 
Eph m . Van Veghter 
Will" 1 . Fease 
Edw d . Pollard 

Post-War Period, 1763 1774 119 

A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall March 28 th . 1766 — 
Dear Sir 

A few days ago Thomas arrived here & delivered me your 
letter of the 25 th . of Feb 1 "?., he was near a month coming owing 
to the freshet in Hudson's River, he seems to be a smart fellow 
that knows his business, & I hope he will answer, I thank you 
for sending him, & getting me the several articles desired. 

What you mention concerning Gov r . Franklands 2 correspond- 
ence with me will be verry agreable, & I shall be extremely 
glad to hear from him at any time, please to give him my best 
compliments. MacLeod' 5 wrote me lately that he could get me 
a cloath for my Billiard Table which I directed him to do, so 
that you need not give y r . self any trouble about one. I am much 
concerned at the Murder of the Six Nation Indian, GoV. Penn 
has wrote me upon it, & enclosed me an affidavit of one Cap 1 . 
Lemuel Basset 4 w h . pritty sufficiently proves it to have been com- 
mitted by one Samuel Jacobs who they say has since fled to 
Virginia, I shall write to Gov r . Penn on the occasion, but I 
must own that I am verry aprehensive that this with the rest of 
the conduct of the back settlers will rend er a peace verry uncer- 
tain & of a short duration, and probably make some of the partys 
now out agst the Cherokees fall upon some of the frontier People 
on their return. — You will have heard that Major Farmer arrived 
at the Illinois the 3 d of Decb r ., & releived Cap 1 . Sterling who 
is on his way for New York. The General has acquainted 
me with certain information he has rec d . of the schemes now 
practising by the French to distress us at the Illinois, & that 

1 In the Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, 111. The draft injured 
by fire. 

2 William Franklin, Governor of New Jersey. 

8 Captain Normand MacLeod, a half pay officer in New York City. 
4 Barritt? 

120 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Pondiac is now with them at their new settlement, verry busy 
on their behalf, this ace 1 may be relied on, and therefore I have 
wrote him, that if so, he cannot conveniently in point of time 
meet me as intended, so that I have acquainted the General 
you will meet him to the westward, of which if the Gener 1 . 
approves you must take steps accordingly, but I have not yet had 
an answer from him on this, or the subject of my former letter. 
— So soon as I hear farther from the General I shall write you, 
and Send the instructions, in which I shall insert an article 
directs you to enquire into the French Bounds & property at the 
Illinois, I have no objection to what you proposed when here, & 
now mention on that subject there, and as the French are now 
said to be retiring fast to the new settlement, you will have the 
better opertunity of making a good choice, on w h . the value will 
cheifly depend, you will have a great advantage in this, as you 
will be one of y e first. 

I shall send Montour off for Fort Pitt in a day or Two, where 
you may dispose of him, or take him with you as you shall judge 
best. I have done my utmost for these & 1 years past to keep 
him out of Debt, and he goes of now pritty clear of y e . World. 

I wrote y e . Gener 1 . that in case you are to meet Pondiac & the 
rest of the Nations w h . I intended to call down to Oswego, you 
can in such case, be better enabled to carry with you a consider- 
able present. I had by the last pacquet a letter from my Son 
dated 1 1 ,h . Janr?, he does not write much news, says He pro- 
posed soon going to Ireland, spending 3 Months there, y e . same 
in Scotland, return to London in Septb r ., & so set out for 
America, but I have ordered him to spend another Winter in 
London w h . will be much to his improvement. As I shall write 
you on hearing from the Genr 1 . will add nothing farther at present 
than to assure you that I am most sincerely 

Your real Welwisher & Humble serv 1 . 

W M . Johnson 

1 This should probably be "2". 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 121 

PS I have not had any answer 

to my letters sent by you to Doctor 

Smith 1 & I hope he is well, & please to make 

my best compliments to him, M rs . Peters, & Barton &ct 

as curiosity nowadays might lead some rascal to intercept 

this letter, I enclose it to M r . Francis Wade, by w h . means it may 

go safer. If you could put anything in his way, by taking 

some goods from him at as reasonable a rate as you can get them 

from any other Person, I should be glad of it, as I take him to be 

an honest industrious man, & a Welwisher. 

Y«. &ct 
W. J. 

George Croghan Esq r . 

Df 2 

Johnson hall March 28 th 1766 
your Letter of the 4 th . Inst which I 
] Your thought, on the present disputes, [ 
]ments that you Leave me little to say [ continue] 

Violent Measures, & [ inva]ded the Dependency of America 
Parliament are viewed in too important a Light at 
[home] to Expect that they will be totally neglected should 
even the Act be Repealed [ doubtle]ss be fallen upon, 

which tho' less obnoxious [ ]tions of Government, the 

proceedings here being of [ ] & their tendency so 

evident that it must [ ] Affairs hereafter [ 

| I wish it may be with an Eye to the Mutual advantage 

| without prejudice to real Liberty on the one hand 

or an the Just prerogatives on the other. If the 

latter sho d . take place ] & Constitut ns & 

1 Dr William Smith, Provost of the College at Philadelphia, Pa. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

122 Sir William Johnson Papers 

possibly in a little time without any Constitute at all | 
are many other American affairs reqiring the present 
Government, we have Large Bounds here, great part of [which 
are] on a Very uncertain footing, — the Ilinois a very Valuable 
[country requires] due notice, and the Conduct of the French 
renders it necessary, as they are now making settlements in our 
& stri]ving by all possible Means & much Expence to 
draw off [the Ind ns them to their Interest. — I wish my 

proceedings might render [expence un] necessary at the posts 
which are to be abandoned Of which I have had 
Confined as I am until I hear from home I can undertake 
[nothing?], and they are so much occupied with other Affairs 
that I fear [ not] be at Leisure to think of these Matters 

however necessary at present. there are a great 

Number of Indian Managers Scattered about, [sentiments?] 
they Express when at N York are so differing from those at 
] often Experienced that I have reason to doubt 
their Abilities, however few that they [ ] better 

acquainted with it, or it could hardly be supposed that a people 1 
[ ] to be Fickle, Avaritious, & Enemys to us sho d . 

do any thing for nothing Time may indeed work a 

] & natural Dislike may be [ ] the 

French finding the way to [ is, to Judge 

of our friendship & [ them consequently 

if we fail h[ too often in their power 

to [treat ] Different plan without totally 

destroying [ ] & deserves our Universal 

Admiration [ Serious a Nature It would be worth 

While to [ ] not till then will the public be 

convinced of [ the Qualifications required for 

it. I am [ & Conduct of the late Com 1- , in 

Chief 2 to be at all [ ] in this Subject. — 

I give you my best th[anks Son's Success, 

1 The western Indians. 

2 General Amherst. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 123 

his Majesty was Graciously pleased [ ] Knighthood 

upon him, asked him a Variety of Questions [ 

Royal family, & the Notice taken of him by several [ 

under Deep Obligations to them, and presages [ 

Improvement to so Young a Man if he makes a 

I have heard twice from Lord Adam Gordon since | 

I am greatly bound in Gratitude to him for his 

Countenance he has shewn to my Son. I shall 

& it gives me a particular satisfaction to find he [ 

terms as Shews he has a Just idea [ ] under to that 


Lieut Johnson desires [ ] to you, and I hope you 

will by a Continuance of your [ ] give me frequent 

Opportunitys of Assuring you of [ ] 

M r Croghan is shortly to go 
for the Ilinois — 

Df. x 

Johnson hall March 28* 1766 
Inst ] Much Concern 

from a reasonable [ ] the Particulars in the 

AfM. of Capt. [Barritt 2 ] thanks 

render it pretty certain [ ] therein ment d . is the 

Murderer, I am [ ] to have him brought to Justice 

might have proved ineffectual from the 

Settlers. My Apprehensions are Augmented 

to Expect that this Spirit wch has so often 

shown its self ] will not stop here & that this 111 

timed Rage of theirs must [ ] but [ resentment] 

of a people, prone to Revenge and too ready [ ] 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 See Deposition of Lemuel Barritt, March 6, 1 766. 

124 Sir William Johnson Papers 

whereby all my Endeavors to bring [about peace?], and to 
remove their Suspicions must [appear only calculated to 
Amuse and deceive them, whilst their Ruin is our Aim [Once] 
I might have pacify ed the Injured, but at present [I am] at a 
loss how to Speak to or take upon me to promise them a redress, 
in which [by the inveter]ecy of the Inhabt 5 . they may be dis- 
appointed as some of these people appear to Set every power at 
defiance, if the Murd r . is apprehended [ ] to think 

well of us & it may be an Ex le . to others, If not our Sincerity 
will [be dou]bted & an Odium will be cast on the people of 
the province that May not be easily [ ] Apprehended 

in that C[ ] 

[ ] to Violate public Treatys regardless of 

the Con [sequences ] scarcely deserve pity, but to prevent 

] Guilt every thing will doubtless be done in 

[your power | such Conduct and I beg you may be a[ssured 

] in mine to heal the breach, and serve the province 

[ ] 



Johnson Hall March 28 lh . 1766 
[ ] received Your Letter of the 14 th . Instant 

intenti]on to purchase a part in the Tract [ ] 

] gentlemen appointed as a Committee for it 
] Months ago to endeavour to have the Affair 
Indi]ans Settled, & proposed to give up to the latter 
]ed under that Patent, which I since laid before 
] some time appear'd verry unwilling to come to 
] have at last brought several of them to Agree to 
a [ ne]arly corresponding with that proposed to them, & 

] with a little more pains to settle it with them all, 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 125 

little present & a secure Release, or proper 
Instrument ] Indians of all which I wrote to the 

Committee about [ ] and if they agree to it, the 

Pattentees may doubtless [ ] agreed upon in a 

little time when You will be a better [ ] Value of 

a share, on which head I cannot give you any [ ] 

information, but that there is some good some bad Land 
well Watered pieces towards the Hudsons river, 
so | the whole a 26 th part of that which the Indians 

may I hope | ] to, may be worth the Money or nearly 

the Money if it ] where there is good Land but 

not otherwise. — But I [do not advise] You to have any thing 
to do with it unless the Affair [ ] Settled for. from 

what I have observed & am most [ ] convinced of, 

You may be well assured that unless there [ ] Settle- 

ment, the Indians will prevent its being of any use, & can draw 
others into ] prove of fatal Consequence 

of this Patent, the great Extent 
much of their Hunting Grounds 
Such powerfull Motives that [ 
] in the Affair, & it has been w[ith I have] 

hitherto prevented them from redress [ing themselves ] that 
Justice should be done them. 

I could not do less than [ ] Affair might 

not be settled, in which [ ] of the truth of my 

Advice, by such Con [sequences as ] my power, or perhaps 

any Mans else to [prevent?] 

I am 

Your [ ] 

[ 1 

126 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Fort Stanwix 29 lh . March 1766 

]y I was obliged to forward provision 
[ ] and a Man of this place was going [ 

I tuke that opportunity to Suplay [ ] as M r . 

Brodhac's Batteau was [ ] were under nessesity to 

Stop at the [Rosco filds to] Beal the watter out of the Batteau, 

] the Indians Came and Seased on [ 
the owner of it, to hinder any quarrel ] about three 

quarts among Eight, but they [ ] Sattisfy'd, and 

Blundered all, and Drove the [ ] M r . Brodhac with 

his Son in to the woods [ ] liking, and offered to put 

[ ] the Soldier who Saved the Paquet. 

I thought my Duty to acquaint you [ ] It would 

be very obliging of you to Cause [ to return] the Batteau, as 
it belongs to M r . Ferrill 

I remain with respect 

Your most Obedient and most humble 



A. L. S. 1 

Philad". March 30 1766 
[By M r ] Croghan, We received your Honour's kind fav[or 
of the 30th of January] & beg Leave to express Our warmest 
[Thanks as well] for the Detail, you are pleased to afford [us, 
respecting] the Boundary, As for a rei[terated Promise of 
' contributing your Influence, to effect Our reasonable 
[demand" for | Indian Losses — In like Manner, Be [pleased 

1 Burned portions supplied from a copy printed in Collections of the 
Illinois Stale Historical Library, 1 1 : 20 7-8. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 127 

to receive] the Tribute of Our most cordial Acknowledg [merits 
for] the Expectation, You are so good, As to give [us relative 
to a Supply of Goods. — 

[M r Croghan] paid Us, the Amount of your Account; for 
[Which He] has Our Receipt. — 

[If at any] Time, There are any Curiosities Or Necessarys 
— Which [your Honour] would incline to have, — Whether 
They be, the Product [of this Province] or foreign Parts; — It 
will be very flattering [to us — If] you will be so kind, as to men- 
tion Them, As We [assure you,] It is a high Gratification to 
Us, to evidence a [Sensibi] lity of Favors. — 

[A Ship] is lately arrived from Spain, By Whom a Friend 
of Ours received a few Spanish Chesnuts — [We therefore, 
have got a few] Them & have sent Them by the Bearer; — 
[Which we pray your] acceptance of — 

As the happy Possession of the Ilinois [Country, is the 
Subject] of much Conversation, both in England & [America, 
we beg] leave to inclose, — A small Pamphlet, [wrote lately, 
On a] very interesting Point — To wit, The Establ [lishment 
of a civil] Goverment there; — 

The Author has borrowed some of his Sent[iments from 
Mon r ] De Pratz.— 1 

M r . Croghan will transmit to your Honor [some proposals 2 ] 
Which We shall be greatly Obliged to you both to consider; 
[& alter, in] such Manner, As you shall judge, will be [best — 
But] We anticipate a Subject, — Which He undertook [fully] 
to explain. — 

We are Sir 

with the sincerest Respect 
Y r . Honours 

Obliged & very 

Obed 1 . Servant 
Baynton Wharton & Morgan 

1 Antoine Simon Le Page Dupratz, author of a History of Louisiana, 
Paris, 1758. 

2 See letter from George Croghan to Johnson, March 30, 1 766. 

128 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[P/u7/.] Marc/i 30*. 1766 
Dear Sir 

[Soon after] My Return hear from your [Honours I Wrote 
you] about the Scheme of purchesing [what Ever grants the] 
French was posese d . of in the [Ilineois Cuntry] and Inform d 
your honour that Governor [Franklin with some] other Gentle- 
men hear had form d . [the Same Scheme] and offer d . Me to be 
Concern d . with [them and your] honour, Sence w h . I heve 
Agreed [with them in] behalf of y r . honour & Myself 

[By letters from] England there is the Greatest Reson [to 
blive that a government will Soon Take place [there, if So a] 
thing of this Kind Must be Very Valuable [provided we 
succ]eed, the persons & Shairs is as follows: — 

[the Honoura]ble Sir William Johnson. . 2/16* s , 

[Governor Frajnklin 2/1 6* s . 

[John Bayn]ton Esq r 2/1 6 th5 . 

[George Crog]han 2/16* s 

[Samuel] Wharton 2/16* s 

[Geo. Morgan] 2/16* s 

[Joseph W]harton Sen'/ 1/16*. 

[Joseph W]harton Jun r 1/1 6 th . 

[John Hu]ghs Esq' 1/16*. 

[Joseph] Gallaway Esq r 1/16*. 

[itt is pre] posed that its Nott to apear till y e Success [of our] 
plan is known that your honour & Governor [Franklin] is Con- 
cern 01 , as itts thought you Can [be of more] Service by Nott 
being thought Concern d / [Butt this] is Submited to y r . honour 

1 Burned portions supplied from a copy printed in Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library, 1 1 :205-7, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 129 

[itt is] Likewise preposed to aply for a Grant of [120000 
acejrrs of Lands to the Crown in that Cuntry [and to Take] 
into this Grant two or three Gentlemen of fortune & Influence 
[In England, and Governer franklan] and those other Gentle- 
men [Desier to know whome your] honour wold Chouse there 
to [be Concern** & thet you wold] Write to them if you Sh[ould 
nott Name the Whole you] wold Chouse they Designe to 
[Leve the Nomination of such] as you Dont to D r . franklin 
[who they prepose to send the pre]poseals to he is Much 
[attended to by the ministry and] Certianly Can be of service 
[in this affair & Governer] franklin has a good Dail to [say 
which you may judge by his] haveing Intrest a Nouff [to 
Turn Cap 1 Cannada out] of his shipe on a Trifeling Disfpute 
between them] 

Inclos d . is the preposeals Drawn [up by Governer franklin] 
for y r . honours perruseal and S[uch amendments or] alterations 
as you May Judge Nesesery [and when you] perruse them & 
Make any alterations [you will please] to Inclose them to Gov- 
ernor franklin [and write him] what you think Nesesary on the 

When a fair Copey will be Sent [you Sign d by all] 
those Gentlemen with a Memororial [Requesting your] 
honours aperobation of thire preposial [w h will give you] an 
opertunity of Giveing your Sentimfents to the ministry] on the 
Subject w* 1 . will be of Infinet [service to the Company] & then 
the preposials will be Sent home [to Doctor franklen] to pre- 
sent his Majesty & Council for thire [Confermation] 

the Sooner your honour Considers this [plan & Writes] to Gov- 
ernor franklin the Beter as one [half of England] is Now Land 
Mad & Every body there has [thire Eys fixt] on this Cuntry, 
att the Time your honfour Writes] Governor franklin I Begg 
you May Write me a few [Lines tho I shant] be hear I will 
be Glad to know how [you Aprove the plan] 

[Plese to present my co]mplimt s . to Cap 1 . Guy Johnson 
[and Inform him that] I have Taken two Sixteenths [in this 


130 Sir William Johnson Papers 

affair only to] present him with one of [them w h I Begg his] 
acceptance of 

[I Congratulate] your honour on the further [premotion 
of Sir] John Johnson to a Government [in the Interior 
parts] of this Cuntry w h . I flater [my self Can be] No other 
then the Ilinioes Cuntry [as No other I know] of is Worth his 
acceptance [Except it as De]troit 

[Plese to present] my Complem ts . to Cap 1 . Johnson [Cap* 
Clause &] the Ladys & y r Grand children and all [the family 
and] Blive Me Dear Sir with Greatt [Esteem & re]gard. 

your Honours Most 
obeident and Most 
Humble Servant 
Geo: Croghan 
The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Barr 1 . 
Johnson Hall 

Indorsed: [March 30 th 1766 

M r Croghans Letter w th 
Enclosures from Gov r Frankland 
concerning Lands] 


Contemporary Copy. 1 

[Montreal, March 30*., 1766] 

I '] 

] very Considerable Quantity of [ 

the Trade would be Established upon 
[ ] but to there great disappointment instead 

of [ ] among the Indians to which they were 

all equally ]from your 

1 Inclosed in letter of John Welles to Johnson, dated April 1 7, 1 766. 

2 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 131 

Excellency, only some few particulars [ 

whereby, we now are & must be still great Sufferers unless 
[ ] & the Honble His Majestys Council by some 

salutary Measure [ ] Partiality hereafter, which we 

presume Cannot be done [ ] Traders a free Permission 

to Winter among the Indians, it being [ & 

Impossible that the Trade can be Confined to the Several Forts 
] Passes granted last Spring, because the Indians 
Cannot have the Neces [ ] Require in their Hunting & 

with Respect to Ourselves it will be attended [ ] of 

many Individuals & the Commerce in general, We therefore 
beg [ ] before your Excellency & the Honble His 

Majestys Council the following [ relative to this 

Greveance in hopes that you will be thereby Induced | 
such Measures as may Effectually Remove it, — 

The Fort of Michlimackinac & the Country Around does not 
produce | ] Provisions, the Indians Living there being 

Necessitated when they [ ] Hunting Grounds to bring 

with them dried Wheat, upon which, & Indian 
& Fish they subsist during the Summer, Season, Consequently 
if the [ ] are to be Confined to the Fort they would be 

Obliged to take Provisions [ ] Sufficient for the Sub- 

sistance of themselves, & their Men, till they [ | which 

was it Possible is an Expense the Trade cannot Support, 
] That the greatest part of the Indians Live at the 
Distance of 200 Leagues, from Michlimackimac. 

Their Custom is to go upon Hunting Grounds in September & 
Oct [ ] Return to their Villages till the Month of 

May & during that Time [ ] have a great deale of 

Fatigue & hard Labour we are Certain they | | Submit 

was it in their Power to Employ the Rest of the Year, in 
] a Voyage still more Labourious 

That under these Circumstances very few, could Come to the 
Fort to purchase their Necessaries Consequently they would be 
Subject to many difficult [ would be the cause of 

much discontent for they would have no Creditt | | the 

132 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Live at too great a distance & are not well enough provided in 
th[ ] [ ] to Enable them to pay for it, 

Whereas if the Trader was permitted to Winter [ ] as 

formerly he would Supply them from Time to Time with [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ]ed by the French for the 

Traders to [ ]by the Experience 

of above 50 Years to be [ ] convenient 

to the Indians & Advantageous to the Public [ ] 

[ ] that Confining the Traders to the 

Respective Forts will [ ] 

Insult, but every Person Acquainted with the Trade [ 
convinced that it is an 111 grounded, Opinion & Can only be 
] by those who are Entirely Ignorant, of the Nature 
& Situation [ ] Country because it is well known that 

Michlimackinac is Comput[ | near 300 Leagues from 

Montreal & if at any time the Indians [ ] disposed to 

make War, upon Us or distress the Traders, there are many 
places, where they Can Lay in Wait & do it with Success & 
might [ ] their Measures so Effectually that 2/3 d , of 

the Canoes sent from hence [ ] One Season, would fall 

into their hands before it Could be known. That in every Treaty 
they were always assured of Favour & protection [ 
if they find themselves distressed thro' Our Means, without hav- 
ing done, anything to forfeit Our Friendship, they Certainly will 
be Much disatisfied & universal discontent, or another War, will 
be [ ] sure Consequence, it may be Alledged that the 

Late affair, of Cutting off the Fort of Michlimackinac, by the 
Indians, will be a Sufficient [ ] it is to be Observed 

that it is Extreamly hard, so great Number of them Should Suf- 
fer for the Imprudence, & misconduct of a few That should 
the Trade be confined to the Forts the Indians Cannot [ 
more than One half the Goods they Could Consume & in that 
Case the Annual Supplies for that Trade, would fall about 30 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 133 

Canoes [ ] the Usual Number, the Wages of which 

will amo 1 . to above £2000 which will be an Entire Loss to the 
Country people in this District who usually make the Voyage 
between Spring & Harvest & it [ ] follows that we 

should decrease greatly in Our Imports from 
because we are deprived of the Means of paying for them by 
] distressed in a Commerce that is the Real & only 
Source of our [ ] Remittances & on which the Welfare 

of this Province in a | 

We have taken the Liberty to communicate 
Copy of a Private Letter, Rec d . from [ ] 

Gage, Commander in Chief of his [Majestys 
from which it Appears that any Passes [ 
Honble His Majestys Council may be pleased 
will be Valid & paid due Regard, to by the Officers [command- 
ing the] respective Forts they having Orders for that Purpose 

Your Memorialists therefore hum[ will 

be pleased to Grant Passes, this Spring with Per [mission to] 
Winter among the Indians, or take such other Measures | 
Excellency & the Honble His Majestys Council may 
necessary for the Relief of your, Memorialists; And | 
as in Duty Bound to Pray 
Montreal March 30 th 1 766. 

Jacque Hervieux L. Jacque Lassell, 

W M . Guy Philip Jacobs 

I. G. Pillet Richard Dobi[ ] 

N. Landrieux John Thompson 

Sangsuenette James Finlay 

T Meziere Jos Torray 

G. Lahaye James Morrison 

I. Hubert, Sam l . Holmes 

Jgnace Bourrasa, Tabau, 

L. Chaboulliere Sembrun, 

Chinville J Baby, 

Carrinaut T Marcheseaux 

Blondeau " Cazeau 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. Verrinautt 

Le Dui, 

p. hurtibre 


Dumas S t . Martin 
Baubien Derrivine 
M. Auges 
Porlun Frere, 
A. M Hubert 
P. Martille 
C Sangunette 


S. Geo. Dupeis 
Isaac Todd, 
Michel Wade, 
Rob' Stan house 
Jonas DeSautter 
Lawrence Ermatinger 
John Portuis 
John Livingston 
John Stanhouse 
I. Jennison 
Matt. Lessey 
Benj n Frobisher 
John Welles 


D 1 

[Cumberland County] 

31 March 1766 

] 2200 


] I dont remember the quantity 

] pounds about £ 1 500 

] at the time they seized the Goods 


@ 1/6 pfl 

165. 0. 

@ 2/ 

280. 0. 

@ 2/6 



64. 0. 

@ £9 

99. 0. 

45. 0. 

30. 0. 

0. 0. 

1500. 0. 


1 Relating to losses suffered by Hugh Crawford at the hands of 
Indians in 1 763. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 135 


[the Evangelists of Almighty God 

of the Goods Peltry [ 

Eighty five Pounds, Ten shillings [ 

to Major Thomas Smallman [ 

in May 1 763 & which the Indians [seized 

Deponent a Prisoner is as just & true a [ 

the Indians having seized & destroyed 

& further this Deponent saith not 

Sworn before me at "| 

this 3 1 day of March 1 766 J His [ 

Sam perry 


A. L. 5. 

Philb- March 31«- 1766 

[ ] the Berror M r - John Farrel Son [ ] 

who Carreys on a Considerable [trade at Detroit] being heer 
on Some busness [ ] to Recommend him to you 

] & I found Last year that he furnish d - 
Neseserys was Waiting for the [ muc]h Chaper then 

any body there wold [ ] your honour will Soon 

apoint [a commissary] for that post your ordring him | 
Such Neseserys as he May Want [from] time to Time from 
him will be of [service] to him in his Trade & he ashures [me 
that] he will Suply what is Wanting [ if Nott 

Chaper then any body there 

your honour will Excuse Me for [troubling you Butt I am 
bound in Gratitude [ ] this young Man if in My 

power for [ ] Sivilitys I Receive^ from him Last 

year [ ] Indulgance to him will Lay Me inder an 

136 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[addition] al oblagation to the Numbers w h - I have to acknol- 


I am with the Greatest [ 

your hon[ 

obeident [ 

Geo. Croghan 

To the Honourable 
Sir William Johnson B [ ] 


The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Ban 4 - 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 
New yorck the 31 March J 766 

[Dear] Sir 

moment time to accuse the reception of 
] esteemed favour of the 8 Instant, & it is with 
] pleasure, that I observe that His Majesty [has 
been] pleasd to Con f err the Honnour of Knighthood [on your] 
Son. Sir John. I heartly give you [ ] assure You 

Sir, that evry thing which [ ] your Happeness 

Interesses me greatly. M rs [Hasencle]ver writes me that Sir 
John Johnson [ ] her the Honnour to Eat the soup 

with her [ ] Highgate, & that they Drank with 

pleasure [ ] Health of their American friends. 

Your Observations Concerning the [presen]t political situa- 
tion of America are judicious [ ] right. America 
Should not have more power [than] what She can make Use 
of, nor Less Liberty Then what She has a right to Expect 
] the Last Packet are pritty favourable 
Lord Cambden have espousd the [ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 137 

] M r Pitt Spoke about One hour & f [ ] 

Said that the House of Communs, had [ ] mony in 

England as their being representatives] of the People and that 
as those in [America were] not Virtually represented, it was 
in[ ] both, their & the English Liberty to Tax 

[ ] he proposd that the Stamp Act Should be 

[repealed] & the Liberty for a free trade given; [ 
evry day the arrival of the February Pac[ket the 

Decissive news Concerning this imp[ affaire, if 

the Act is not repeald, I am of [ it will be 

suspendet. as Disagreable as [ ] Stamp Act has 

been to the Americans I [ ] may produce a Happy 

Constitution, bo[ advantageous for America & for 

England [ ] Governement in England never 

has been [ ]ted with the real & intrinsic Cir- 

cumst[ ] Interest of America & Great Britain 

We have had Last week pro & Con[tra Respect to 

the Stamp act. however nothing [ 

Powder & Balls have been removd Last week | 
the Store houses, on board the men of war, w[ 
Some uneaseness amongst the People, however 
there is no other Motive for it, then to [prevent] accidents; as 
the Sons of Liberty might [ ] their Liberty to far. 

another Object may perhaps Cause ]otion 

amongst the People, which is that [ Gover]nor Sir Henry 

More has given License [ ] Plays, which is not 

entierly with the [ ]ntement of the Mayor & Cor- 

poration [ ] Desire of the Principal citizens. 

I have Send last Week 2 [ ] for Potash boiling, 

to M r [ ] to Send them to you as Soon 

] I am glad that M r Ruppert has Large 

Quantity of ashes, & that [ ] are in good order, 

Against the be[ ] Hope to be with you & then 

Shall [ ] opportunity to propose the Plan 

for the Futur this Fabric may be c[ 

138 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] advantage, & as for mony there will be [ ] 

Ruppert has not well Comprehended [ ] I made 

with him, he may depend upon [ ] & Justice. Hav- 

ing nothing more [ ] Your attention, I remain with 

the greatest [ ] 

Dear Sir 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Peter Hasenclever 

INDORSED : New York 3 1 st - March 1 766 

M r - Hasenclevers letter 


L. S. 1 

March 31, 1766 — 

Enclosed is a paper containing Sundry Memoranda I wanto 
have executed if possible. — 

If you can meet any who want a healthy young Wench You 
can agree to send them Jenny on y r . return, and as to Harry 
take him with you, & dispose of him in the best manner you can. 
I wish you success & well back again. 

I am Yours Sincerely 

Wm. Johnson 
P. S. The linen for my 
Shirts must not be too 
fine, as they are for 
Common use. — 

INDORSED: Johnson Hall 31 Mar. 1766 
Sir William Johnson Bart. 
Letter w fh an Inclosure. 

1 In Johnstown Historical Society, Johnstown, N. Y. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 139 

D. S. 1 

New York March 31* 1766. 

Received from Gabriel Maturin Esq r . by Order of His Excel- 
lency The Honorable Major General Tho s . Gage the Sum of 
Seven Hundred and Twenty Six Pounds, Eighteen Shillings 
and Three pence half penny New York Currency. Being the 
Amount of Disbursements of the Officers. Commanding at 
Detroit, Michilimackimac, and Fort Erie, on Account of Indian 
Affairs, as p r . the Annexed Account. 

W Johnson 
INDORSED: Sir W m . Johnson Bt 

Chief of the Forces in America 
Created In 1755 

Died 1774 


A. L. S. 

New York 31>* March 1766 
of the 6 th Ins'- I rec d - and observe what you 
[ ] to the Certificate for 63. .4. .8 Sterling [of 

Lieu'.] Gorrell, and in order that the matter [ ] in 

its proper light I now send you [ ] Copy of the 

Same — I observe by y r - Lieu'] Gorrell of 18 May 

last & likewise your ] Mercer & Ramsay of 8 th 

August following [ ] had both wrote to you upon 

the Subject return for ans r - that you will Insert 

sum in your next Acco ,s - & if the Gen 1 - 

of it, you will pay the money as soon as you 

receive his Warrent — I am very sorry give you 

so much trouble in this affair, but [these] Gentlemen has layn a 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

140 Sir William Johnson Papers 

long time out the money, I must once more beg leave to truble 
you, which hope you 'I Excuse & oblidg 

Your most Ob 1 - Hble Serv'- 

Will: Pagan 

Contemporary Copy 1 

[ I] Charles Gaultier De Verville [ ] 

fully served as Interpriter to the [ ] for his Maj sts 

Service from the Tw[enty-third of Aug]ust one thousand Sixty 
two to the twentieth of May] One Thousand Seven hundred & 
Sixty [three inclusive being two hundred and Sixty 

| dollar ^ day makes Sixty three pounds [ 
Eight pence Sterling @ 4/8 ^ dollar 

| under my hand at Fort Edward Augustus [21 s ' 
of] May 1763 

sign'd James Gorrell Lieu* 
Comm d s- at this post 
[63: :] 8 Sterling 



A. L. S. 

Philad*- 3f< h - March 1766 

] very obligeing fav r - of the 10 th - Curr f - 
ye]sterday being out of town at the [ 
prevented my answering it [ ju]stice of the Contents 

respect^- the in answ]er to which shall give you my 

to your request for not aproveing [a per] son 
suitable for you in my opin[ ] time; dont mean to 

prejudice you [ think he may suit by [ 

]ns you may have of him as perhaps by | by thi]s 

time have seen his follys. — 

young fellow that serv'd his time in this 

Inclosed in the preceding letter. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 141 

l which he was a short time in the army [ 

] inform'd he was much disliked hither [ 
married his stepmothers daughter [ ] fortune with 

her & set up the drugist [ ] liv'd upwards of a 

year next door to me [ ] time he behav'd with so 

much haughtiness [ ] disliked that the person who 

was in partner [ship with] him broke of & he went into partner- 
ship [with ] fath r - in the distilling buisness when in 
time they say he was the means of breaks- 
f ] how far that may be true I no not but the 
[ ] Says it much to his Charge he then went 
]ore in maryland to practise in physick [ 
| stay'd about a twelve month or upwards but [ 
| make no hand of it there & from thence to [ ]y 
about there where he now is and dose not [ ] in- 
formd all oweing to his own folly [ ] fond of his 
pleasure & so proud as I belive [ ] never settle 
himselfe any where besides he has a famely of a wife & three 
] of openion will on the [ ] these 
reasons I thought suff[ ] hint I did, as to M r - Barton 

| in the least mean to prejudice [ 
in Every respect to be the pferson ] & I belive is de- 

ceiv'd or may be ] some persons, however I 

thought [ ] to you in my opinion & more [ 

you give me of not mentioning [ ] that I 

never for my part heard [ ] the dockf had or so 

little as [ ] be assur'd I dont say any thing [ 

] any prejudice being always [ ] with when 

we meet, The negroes [ ] no doubt I Could dispose 

of here [provided stay for a while without runing [away 

] the boy to a gent n . thats going to [ 
who says he'l give me an Answer [ ] to town, I 

think its best not to send [ ] to dispose of them or 

Come to some | ] them with somebody there being 

a on them in this province the bearer [ 

| person I mention'd to you in one of my [ 

142 Sir William Johnson Papers 

informd is going up about some buisness [ Cro- 

ghans, poor old Morrice is here [ ] a bad recep- 

tion in New York I met him [ ] from town & had 

a hundred miles to go [ ] with only three Coppers in 

his pocket [ ] pass & told me he wanted to go to 

Irian [d ] him a passage in a Vessel for Dublin in 

] so long must Close & am 
S r - your most ob f - [ 

Fran s - [Wade] 
S R - Will m - Johnson Barn 1 


A. L. S. 

New York March 31, 1766 
[Your Excella]ncy 

as your favour of y e 8 instant [ ] come to hand 

(blanchard the survayer haveing [ left it by the 

way) could not have the [ ] of answering it till the 

present, inclosd [ ] Process for makeing Potashes 

also a Letter [ ] person the Liberty of which I hope 

your Excellancy will Excuse as at this Season the Oppertunitys 
from Albany are not frequent, nothing appears now to be 
wanting but a true discription of the Ground (after a purches of 
the mine from David the Indien) which if your Excellancy 
wold make known to Ackerson wold be done Emediately I 
hope it will be Agreable, we purpose Cp l John Guy Jonson 
Should be one of the Concern'd. 

I have the honour to be 

Your Excellancys Most 
humble Serv 1 

Peter Vergereau 

]re frequently 
[ ] , Should be 

] llan wold Send 
the inclosed note 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 143 


Niagara April I st - 1766 

[ ] expected here to Trade, It's my [Orders 

certain] boundary on the Beech, whose [ ] Batteaux, 

Canoes or otherwise to Tra[ 

Indian] Trader will assist Pero: as Inter [preter 
Dequaniea, to place properly the Ind [ ] shall go 

with them to the Commanding [ ] Return the 

Traders shall be acquainted [ ] 

[The Indians] then are to go to their proper places [ 
will begin — 

When an Indian points, or calls, any Trader [ the 

ins]tant, he or they, so pointed at or calld [to In]dian, 

and without any Interruption take [account ] Quantity 

of Peltry shall be given him by the [ ] Indian — 

It is hop'd that strict Observance will be pa [id 
Regulation, as it will Prevent disorders which ] tly 

happen with Indian Traders here — 

The Corporal of the Batteau Guard to [ com] ply 

with the former Orders of Posting a Centry [ ] the 

place of Trade to prevent disturbances — 

Sign d 

John Clarke 

Cap 1 46 h Reg 1 

144 Sir William Johnson Papers 



[Niagara], April 3 d 1766 

] Esqu r - Cap'- in the 46 th Regiment 
[ ] at Niagara & all other Forts Pos[ts 

ther]eon depending — 
] of the Traders now residing here humbly 
] That severall of their passes granted to them 
[to trade] with Indians for one year are expir'd & oth[ers 

]d; that in such case your Petitioners [ 
can send for & have return'd a new Pass they [ 
trade in safety, without your Lycence for [ | with- 

out which your petitioners will be greatly | 

And we conjecture should the trade be stop[t ] 

of such permission, it may be attended with m[ 
consequences to His Majestys Subjects, for greatly [ 
Indians be exasperated to come here to Trade & cannot 
[ ] supplied wnth necessarys and to what height 

tne y [ ] carry their resentment is beyond our con- 


We flatter ourselves your indulgence [ ]in will 

meet with his Excellency, the Governors m[ost ch]earfull appro- 

And your pititioners will in Duty [ ] always, be 

bound to acknowledge so great a Mark of y[ ] 


Signd as Follows 

Alex r . Fraser Garr'. A. Rosseboom 

Pett'. Ryckman Tho s . Williams 

B d . Visscher Edw< Pollard 

Garr'. Van Vecktor Harm 5 . Vandell 

Ephr m . Van Vightor Garr'. Teller 

WilIm - Hare Henv. Williams 
Tho 8 . Visscher 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 145 


Johnson-Hall Ap l 4 lh 1766 
[Dear Sir] 

[I have receivjed both your favors of the 17th and 23 d 
[ult° in The former of which you] have been pleased to signify 
your intent [ions respecting Fort Schlosser] which I shall com- 
municate to the Senecas [in the best manner] I can so as to 
prevent them from entertaining any [uneasiness on that] Score, 
and I believe it will not be disapproved of, [provided L'] 
Pfister confines his Improvements within moderate L[imits about 
the Fort,] the objection of the Ind s being in a great mea[sure 
to the Establish] ment of familys, which they know will encrease 
[when once a beginning] is made, & must in the end prove incon- 
venient to them [& objects of their] Jealousy, as to his Trading 
with the Ind s I don't [know how that] can be carried on when 
the Plan is fixed, as all Trade is the[reby Confined to] Certain 
principal posts therein mentioned, and as it will [Very much] 
affect the Trade at Niagara; the Traders there will doubtless 
[be plaguing] us with remonstrances against it, or requests for 
Liberty [to Settle] & Trade there Likewise. I think you have 
made an Advantagious bargain for the Crown with him. 

I fancy the pacquet you sent to my Care has been forwarded 
by some Opportunity to Ontario, as I can hear no Tidings of it, 
but that a pacquet went up lately by a Soldier from Schenectady 
with Letters for the different posts. 

Your Observations in your last concerning M r Crcghans 
[Affair] appear very Just. I don't know what steps he took 
when in England to get payment for Disbursements during [Sir] 
Jeffery Amhersts Comm d but as to those under Gen 1 Stanwix I 

1 Burned portions of this manuscript are supplied from the copy printed 
in Collections of the Illinois Slate Historical Library, 11:209-11, ed. 
C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

146 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[know] of his having applied & that he rec d a Letter from him 
thereon [when] in London, in which he put it off, in such a 
manner as I can [not now] Recollect. I am very sensible of 
your delicacy in avoiding [to give an] honest Man the smallest 
pain, and of the reasonableness of M r Croghan's Conforming 
strictly [to what you direct, and with his] Instructions I shall 
give him [positive Orders on that head which] I expect he will 
punctually observe, [but before I send his Instruct 05 ] I must 
have the favor of your Letter [in Answer to my last wherein] 
I ment d to you that considering where Pondiac now is, [& the 
time it will take to] Collect the other Necessary Chiefs in their 
[Slow way I might be] disappointed of meeting him as I in- 
tended [so as to give him time to] Return home the ensuing 
summer, & that [a meeting between him and] M r Croghan, 
might easily be effected wo d [answer the purpose & save some 
Expence after] hearing from you on this Subject he can [set 
out imediately as we] have no time to Lose since the French 
are [Withdrawing themselves &] Indians, which is done chiefly 
to distress us, & [encrease our difficulty] in maintaining that 
Country, & I find [by a Letter from one of] Capt Stirlings 
Officers that everything is imensely [dear there that] they are 
badly of for want of provisions, & [assuredly Expect the] 
Indians will invest them if there is no Indian [Agent or present] 
for them at the time they have been accustomed [to Visit Fort] 

In my last I mentioned to you that [I should direct] M r Cole 
to meet M r Croghan at the Ilinois, [as his coming down] the 
Country must be attended with a very considerable [delay] I 
purpose sends him Instructions for his conduct [agreable to the 
plan] with which I hope you will approve. I shall [also write 
to L'] Roberts to settle his Affairs with Speed. & if you think 
[it necessary] from the greatness of the Trade at Michilimack- 
inac, [& the other] Causes assigned, that a Corny should be sent 
there, I [shall do so.] 

I shall be glad to have your Com ds respecting M r Croghan's 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 147 

Acc ,s transmitted, he having pressed me [much that the] same 

may be settled, before his departure for Ilinois. [also Whether] 

You have heard any thing of the Man of War which [had the 

dispatches] on board ment d in one of your former Letters. [& if 

the Smiths & Interpreters to be sent] to the J^osts will be allowed 


[His Excell c y Gen l Gage] 

INDORSED: [Ap 1 4 th 1766. To Gen 1 Gage] 


Contemporary Copy 

[Niaga]ra, [April 5]* 1766 

In] dean Traders Residing under the 
[ ] Direction of Niagara — 

In con] sequence of your Memorial of the 3 d . 
se]tting forth that many of your Permissions [ 
by Virtue of His Majesties Proclamation to Trade 

at Establish'd Posts, with Indian [ ] of them Ex- 

pir'd, and others near it, and [ ] hourly in Expecta- 

tion of New Permits, [ havin]g already apply 'd for 

them ; and as I Con [ ] would be detrimental to the 

Service, and [ ] with 111 Consequences in other 

Respects [ ] to Commence, I have thought it highly 

]y to grant you full Permission, till I 
] further orders from the Commander in Chief 


John Clarke 
Cap 1 . 46 th . Regiment 

148 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contemporary Copy 1 
f [Quebec, April 5, J 766.] 

[ " ■] 

[ ] of the general [ ] 

], myself you will be Satisfied With [ 
] with the Kings Commands, I always [ 
for One year only, expecting that within that period [ 
regulations might be made in England, but as it Appears by 
Your [ | petitions & from other Information I have, 

that it is Necessary f[or ] the Traders to have 

longer time, I am disposed to Oblige them the [rein 
Twelve Months may be made Eighteen, for such persons as can- 
not return [ ] with their Effects before If the Licence 
of this Year, which are the most [ ] I am impowered 
to Grant fall short of Your Expectations I not only [ 
You in wishing but I have already long ago applied to His 
Majesty ]sters that every Advantage may be given 
to the Indian Traders [ hopes of Success are very 
Sanguine, & whatever Instructions I ] Receive upon 
the Subject shall be made known to You without delay. 

Upon Read? General Gages Letter to Mr Ermatinger which 
I mentio [ ] , it would seem to have been insinuated that 

Licenses were given ] with some partiality the 

Secretary Assures me Upon his Honour that he made no Dis- 
tinction in any of them & this indeed is confirmed by a Letter 
from M r Gage to the Merchants at Montreal dated 1 l March 
last, wherein he explains the Reasons why some persons were 
permitted to go Beyond the Posts, however to prevent Suspicion 
or doubt of any kind for the future I will Sign all the Passes with 

1 On page 4 of the Memorial of Merchants to James Murray, March 
30, 1 766, inclosed in a letter of John Welles to Johnson, dated April 
17, 1766. 

2 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 149 

my own hand but to prevent Trouble & Expense to the people 
at Montreal, they should [ ] left to be filled up by a 

person I can confide in there 

When You apply to Me in a proper Manner, as you have 
done, in the last Memorial You may not only depend upon my 
Readiness to Redress your Grievances but you may be assured 
that, I shall have particular Satisfaction in Exerting Myself to 
Promote Your Interest 

I am with great Regard. 
Gentl n 

Your Most Obed, Hble. Servant 

J a Murray 
Merchants of Montreal 

subscribed to a Memorial dated 

March 1 766, to the Gov & Counsel 
Relating Indian Trade 

A. L. S. 

Niagara April 6 lh - 1766 

[ ] your Letter directed to Captain Arnot 

recei]ved a Letter from M r . Sam 1 - Thrisland, 1 who 

] station of a Missionary Amongst the Indians 

] I am really sorry to acquaint you of Captain 

Arnot's [ ] continues very 111 — I hope a Change of 

air may [ ] 

] recieved a petition from the Traders of this 
Garrison [ ] now inclose to you; the tenor of the 

Same will Shew you [ ] In consequence of this, I 

have thought it proper to contin[ ] it would be 

highly provoking to the savages, and in [ ]ital to 

Commerce, and destructive to individuals [ 

Kirtland (Kirkland). 

150 Sir William Johnson Papers 

don't pretend to ] what 111 consequences may 

]y opposition which might be given to this branch 

| that Objection: their Passes being expired — 

my Self tho' I may be sinsured by some, for 

not acting ]t the proclamation, I am persuaded 

I shall have Your approbation. 

I inclose to you the regulation [ ] 

and a Copy of my permission [ ] 

I receive further Orders [ ] and a Memo 

] have your approbation [ 
I am 

With Respect 

Your Most [ ] 

John [Clarke] 

In consequence of the Memorial 
of the traders setting forth there being 
french men bartering three goods 
with the Indians beyond Toronto [ 
Ser f - & 8 Men in a Battau to bring [ ] 


J. c. 

Sir W m Johnson 


L. S. 

Mamacocting Ulster co. April 6 th - 1766 

] to the Desire of some Indians who 
] Last fall, and in order to acquaint 
] of a Strange Indian unknown to [ 
by a vile vagrant fellow, Suppo[sed to be for] the sake of what 
the Indian had; another [ ] should not be Exas- 

perated at us for the [ ] 

trouble Y r - Excellency with this scrawl 









Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 151 

] lian may be apprehended & punished A [ 
the Neighbouring Inhabitants are in some [ fearing 

that the Indians should Revenge the [ ] is Innocent 

of the fact, and hath always und[ Jctest Civility, 

which they Cannot but Confess [ therefore hope that 

Y r - Excellency will by all means [ ] Reconcile the 

Indians to us, and be as Brothers [ here] to fore been 

We in submission Subscribe ou[ 
Y r Excellencys most Obed [ 
and most Devoted Hum serv'- 
John Brodhead 
sameull gonsalus 


A. L. S. 

Schonectady, 6 th . Aprill 1766 
[I have] Received your favor of yesterday [ 
this Day I shall Deliver M r J [ ] a Battoo & Tools 

whenever he [ ] for them, I will be Glad, if you 

[ ] be pleas'd to let me Know how | 

Chuse to have the Standard for [ ] of the Troop, 

as that is the [ ] Article now wanting, to Compleat 

[ ] Should you have any Commands | 

Way. I shall be Always ready to serve You to the Otmost of 
my power 

I am Your Most Obideint 

and Most Humble Servant 
Jno Glen JuN r ' 
[ ] William Johnson Bar'- 

152 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contemporary Copy 

[CharlestoWn, April 6, 1766] 

i '] 

] Censour'd Incessantly [ ] 

graciously allow'd you a large Previledge 
] of Land which was appropriated to [ 

of y e Tribe During your Good Behaviour. 

and your Conduct for a course of years to be 

Di [ ] mrmer Customs of Y e Indians ; Contrary to those 

trea[ties jmpacts, which have been Solomnly Enter'd into 

] Indians, by our Royal Predecessors, &.C. [ 

] place your Marrying a Molatto Woman without y e 

[appro] bation of y e tribe. — Secondly, in refusing to be advis'd 

tribe. — thirdly in Extravigantly wasting, spending, 

| making Sail of Lands Appropriated to y e use and 

Benefit of y e Indians, when forbid by them. 

Notw[ith] standing, have been often with Modesty, and Mod- 
eration Intreated, and advis'd to y e Contrary, but to no good 
effect; Still proceeding thro' Pride, and Ostentation to Devower 
our Substance. 

For which We y e s d tribe of Indiana, are hartily united in 
y e following resolution. (Viz) to make demand of y e Extraor- 
dinary Previledges we have here tofore generously allow'd you. 
Secondly, never more to reguard you as our Sachem, disowning 
you as a King Shall never Condescend that you should persess, 
or enjoy a learger right in the Lands appropriated to y e use and 
benefit of y e Indans, than any Common man of y e tribe. — 
thirdly We do absolutely forbid, and forwarn you of making 
Sale of any Indian Land, or Lands Appropriated to y e use and 
Benefit of the Indians. 

You are Sensable, by taking you from under Gardeans we 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


never ment to vest the fee of any Land in you: but you agreed 

with us to the Contrary. You [ *] 

For ye execution of [ ap] 

pointed Toby Cawhis, Joseph [ ] 

Cawhis to Deliver you y e reje[ ] 
Sign'd by the Tribe. 

Jeams Niles 
Jerusha Niles 
Simeon Niles 
jerusha Niles 
Jeams Niles Jr. 
Sarah Jeams 
Jeams Niles 3 d 
Sarah Niles 
Samuel Niles 
Sarah Niles 
Samuel Niles 
Mary Niles 
Toby Niles 
Andrew Harry 
Tan Hammer 
Solomon Chucks 
Betty Schesuck 
Jeams Schesuck 
Eliz th Rogers 
Jeremiah Talker 
Patience Anthony 
Sarah Sam 
Jerusy Cuff 
Jeams Anthony 
Ephraim Anthony 

[ •-] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

John Anthony 
Mercy Will 
Sam 1 Wompy 
John Wompy 
Sarah Wompy 
Margret Hammer 
John Hammer 
Eliz th Schesuck 
Marcy Schesuck 
Stephen Anthony 
David Secutor 
Sarah Secutor 
Migail Secutor 
Jeams Talker 
Sarah Joshua 
Anthony Shattock 
Mary Shattock 
Margery Hammer 
Sarah Hammer 
Mary Pois 
John Secutor 
Jane Secutor 
Abigail Tuhy 
Sarah Sampson 

Benjamin Jackti 

[ 1 

[ ] Rogers 

Martha Rogers 
Sarah Rogers 
Mary Rogers 
Was[ ] 

John Se[ 

Mary N[ ] 

Joseph N[ ] 

Senty Rogers 
Ephram Rogers 
Rahamer Talker 
Eliz h Joshua 
Jeams Nacak 
Patience Cuff 
Anthony Shattock 
Mercy Chawgo 
John Shattock 
Mary Shattock 
John Shattock 
Jeams Shattock 
Joseph Shattock 
Sarah Shattock 
Cosen Joe 
Roger Wobby 
David Secutor 

1 Matter missing. 

2 N« 

lames missing. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

Jeames Cuff 
Sarah Cuff 
Cammuck Cuff 
Patience Cuff 
Hannah Anthony 
Sarah Anthony 
Joseph Anthony 
Toby Anthony 
Mary Paul 

[ 1 

[ ] 

[ ]cket 

[ ] Jacket 

A. Secutor. 
]nce Secutor. Joseph Tuhy. 
John Secutor. Jane Tuhy. 

]emiah Stanton. Toby Coyhes. 
Sarah Rogers. Abigail Coyhes. 

[Elisajbeth Anthony. William Coyhes. 

M r Toby Shattock 

Mary Toby. 
Hannah Coyhes. 
Sarah Coyhes. 
Sarah Charles. 
Jeames Rogers. 
Jeams Niles. 
Jerusa Niles. 
Sim 11 Niles. 
Jeruska Niles. 
Jeams Niles. 
Sarah Niles. 
Tobias Shattock. 
Hannah Shattock. 
Sarah Shattock. 

Joseph Coyhes. 
Elisabeth Coyhes. 
William Coyhes. 
Joseph Geffery. 
Ephraim Coyhes. 
Bethany Wompy. 
Eunice Paul. 
Weight Paul. 
Lios Paul. 
Sarah Anthony. 
Sarah Aaron. 
George Coyhes. 
Wicked Will. 
Isaac Rogers. 
Thomas Lewis. 
Stephen Coyhes. 
Charles Anthony. 
Peter Shattock. 
John Wompy. 


New York [April 7, 1766] 

[ ] favor of the 24 th March 1766 & a[ ] 

an Account of Commissions am[ ] in the recovery 

of it from the Govern [ment ] me of that Circum- 

stance I shoud have [ ]lly, Sir William mentions 

that the | ] d transact the Business without [ 

Acco*. of the Advantage of having [ ] desire no 

more than such an Opp? to | [ purchasing Cargoes 

of rum & ca . by wch I c[ than two & a half ^ cent 

but perhaps it wo[ 1 to forward the Cash so ex- 

peditiously, by [ Labour under y l . disadvantage, 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 155 

— I can sin[ ] always forwarded the Cash per the 

first Safe [ ] received it; & never was Benefitted any 

thing [ ] Commissions, & every other Article ship't 

S r . W m . [ ] the same as they cost me here, having 

never [ ajdvance thereon; & always endeavoured to 

procure [ ] as I could; I am making out the Ac- 

count agr[eeable ] wch shall forward as soon as finishd 

& hope you [ ] thereby — I have shipped On board 

Cornelius Swits [ ] Stores, since wch I received 

your last letter Ordering [ ] more Articles wch are 

putting up to forward per same [ ] when shall write 

you again, — My Wife deliverd [ ] a pair of 

Spectacles & Case, that was left her by my [ ] M r 

Debrooses, deceasd, she hopes they will Suit you [ 
woud accept of the Same; I Remain with the Com[ 
of my Wife & Family, 

Y r . Most hum Serv 1 . to Command 

William Darlington 
[ ]n, Baronet 


Sir William Johnson, Bart 
Johnsons Hall 

indorsed: April 7 th . 1766 — 

M r . Darlingtons Letter 


In the Harvard College Library is a letter of April 7th from General 
Gage, disputing the claim of Indians to lands about the Falls of St 
Lewis, declaring that the French never paid the Indians for lands, yet 
"had never any Dispute with the Indians about them" in any place where 
they settled, and mentioning Pontiac and Mr Croghan's demand for 
£3445 to be spent in presents for Indians (printed in Collections of 
Illinois Stale Historical Library, 11:212-13, ed C. W. Alvord and 
C. E. Carter.) 

156 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

New York April 8 th . 1766. 

I flatter myself that you will excuse the Liberty I now take, 
in addressing myself to a Gentleman of your respectable Char- 
acter, when I inform you that it is at the request of the Rev d . M r 

That worthy Gentleman informs me that, he has mentioned 
to you my warm wish that you would become a member of the 
venerable Society, for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
parts ; which, he says, you was pleased to receive with that Con- 
descension and Goodness, which mark all your Actions. 

I am well convinced Sir, your becoming a member of that 
respectable Body will be attended with many Advantages to the 
Cause of true Religion, and Virtue; I shall therefore, as soon as 
I receive your Order, with the greatest pleasure, acquaint that 
Venerable Board, with the honor you intend them; which In- 
formation, I am confident, with the highest satisfaction, and 
Gratitude, will be received. 

I have only to add, that I have the Honor 
to be, with sincere Esteem, and Respect; Sir, 
Your much Obliged and 
most Obt hble servt 

Samuel Auchmuty 2 
Sir William Johnson 

INDORSED: N York April 8 lh . J 766. 

From the Rev d . M r Auchmuty 
Concern^ S r W ms . becoming 
a Member of the Society for 
Propagating the Gospel 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 Rector of Trinity Church, New York City, born in Boston, January 
16, 1722. died in New York March 6. 1777. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 157 


A. D. 

[Forwar]ded by Cornelius Switts to the Care of Doctor 
[Samuel Stringer] to be furthered to Sir William Johnson 

New York 8 lh April 1766. 
] 2 of wch is for Cap 1 . Guy Johnson & 
N° 1 @ 4/] 2 of ditto for Cap 1 . D. Claus 
mojllasses N° 1 @ 4/ 

] Tongues N 5, 
Mjuscovado Sugar N 6 
]its N 7, 

] Loaf Sugar N 8, 
] Implements for 1 

] Billiard Table N° 9 J 
] Contains Viz 1 . 
]pan, 2 Stew pans with Covers 
]dging Box, 1 pepper Box 
] dripping pan, 1 Long handled frying pan 
l]arge Sauce pan, One Smaller d°, 
] doz patty pans, Eight Tin pudding pans 
] Small Bag Red Clover Seed, 4 doz. Cups & Saucers 
] Barrell Rum N 1 1 , for Cap f . Claus 
] Barrell Contains a Bag with 14 11 Tea, two Blankets 
] Common Prayer Book, & in the Bag of Tea a Small 
] Box Logenzes for Cap Claus 
] Rum N° 1 @ 3 
] Kegs Butter 
] doz. rush Bottom Chairs 
] Box Bedding 
] Box Chocolate 
] Bell for a Church 

Box directed for Cap. Daniel Claus 

158 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Ate York 9'*. April 1766 

] my last I shoud forward your Stores p r . 

been detained by Contrary Winds wch gives 

the last Order with him also, the Inclosed 

On board to be diliverd to Doctor Stringer 

Your Seat in good Order & may prove 

[ ] the [ ] of Bells if it dont Suit may 

be returned the price [ ] Corporation have a good 

One wch I beleive [ ] if this now Sent dont Suit 

shall apply [ ] next meeting & Inform you farther. — 

[ ] Wine, Methiglin, Mead & Leather Stockings 

M r . Adams, per whom shall Write you again 

] with the Compliments of my Wife & Family 

[ ] 



Most Hum e . Serv 1 . at Com d . 

William Darlington 
]NSON, Baronet 


[Niagara] April 9, 1766 

] this day Ap 1 . 9 lh Ogastass Chief of the 
]d deliver'd a Belt of Wampum, with 

]m now come to acquaint you that I have 

]n care of bad News, but I was last Spring 

] iam Johnson since which I have taken care 

And always will for the time to come 

I have acquainted all the Nations as far as 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 159 

] flatheads that all is peace with us and the 
[ ] and that there is no bad News at all 

And I likewise inform you that the [ 
Shawnese, & Hurons, the nearest Flatheads [ ]al 

other of the distant Nations are this Spring ]n 

Counsel at Fort Pitt 

] Above was put into English | | M r Ryckman — 


Extracts of Letters of the 10 th : April, and 8 th : [10th] of May, 
from Lieu 1 : Colonel Campbell Commanding at Detroit to 
His Excellency General Gage Commander in Chief &ca 
Scca 1 

Detroit April 1 th : 1766. 
I have had very little troube with Indians all last Winter 
owing to the trade they met with here amongst the Merchants 
who are plentifully provided with Indian Goods. I have had 
no reason to suspect the bad disposition of any nation of Indians, 
by all the accounts I recieved this last winter, yet notwithstand- 
ing I am sorry to inform your Excellency that two of our Men 
were barbarously murdered on the morning of the 4 th : of Feb- 
ruary, near the post on the River Rouge, where the vessell was 
laid up, by some of the St: Joseph Indians who were here the 
day before they committed the murder trading with the Mer- 
chants. The poor offenceless Victims were at work cutting fire- 
wood at a small distance from the Vessell when they were fired 
upon by the Savages, and wounded one of them who was imme- 
diately seized and murdered in a barbarous manner by stabbing 
him with a knife and cutting his head almost off with a felling 
Axe, the man had cutting wood; the Other Man was carried 
prisoner for a few Miles, but as he cou'd not march so fast as 

1 In the Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. Inclosed in a letter of Gage 
to Johnson, June 1 6, 1 766. 

160 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they wanted they killed and scalped him. A part 1 was sent 
out but returned with 2 affecting any thing; Some days after 
several Indians came to Me, with intelligence concerning the 
mischief done, & told me it was the Pottowattamies of S l : Jo- 
seph's that committed the Murder, and that two of them were 
the Chiefs Sons of that tribe, with every circumstance as already 
related, I have since put a stop to any trade with that nation, 
untill they deliver up the Murderers, tho' I fear it will not have 
the desired effect. They sent me word lately they wou'd send 
in the two young Men that committed the Murder in the Spring, 
Yet I am certain they have no such intention, only a put off, 
thinking thereby, the Affair may be forgot Which I hope will 
not be the case, and that so heinous a Crime will not be passed 
over with impunity. Some week ago I had intelligence that a 
party of Pottowattamies with some of their Chiefs were on their 
way hither, with an intention to come here with a Pannis who I 
was informed they were to offer to Me as an atonement for the 
Mischief committed by their Young people on the 4 th . of Feb r y: 
That very night I sent a party in order to waylay them and take 
them prisoners if possible, but the Indians discovering our people 
before they cou'd get nigh enough to surround them, they made 
their Escape, except Two Indians and a Squaw, who were taken 
prisoners, and brought into this place. I dismissed the Squaw 
immediately but detained the two Indians, and keep them ever 
since in close confinement to try what effect it may have on that 
Nation, in hopes it may be the means of bringing the Aggressors 
to Justice 

Detroit May I0 lh : 1766 

This day some Indians came to me and said they were sorry 
they had something bad to tell me, and after being desired to 
speak they told me that two Squaws were barbarously murdered 
yesterday Evening by an English Negro belonging to M r . Ster- 
ling Merchant of this place. I immediately made all the Enquiry 

1 In the original this word no doubt was "party.' 

2 "Without," evidently. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 161 

possible concerning it, and found it to be very true by the decla- 
ration of a Squaw who was but a small distance from the place 
where the Murder was committed when it happened; and told 
when she heard the cries of the Squaws she immediately took 
that way & observed the Negroe using violent means to force 
one of the Squaws, At which she was a good deal frightened 
and made the best of her way to the next Inhabit 8 , house, to 
acquaint them of what she had seen, but the people gave no 
credit to what she said, untill a french boy that had been look- 
ing for Cattle came into them with great hurry and fright & 
told them that at the edge of the Wood, He observed a Squaw 
lying there all bloody, and that he observed a Negroe at the 
same time at a small distance endeavoring to conceal himself 
behind a Bush; and that He (the Boy) was so much frigthened 
at the sight, that he came running home as fast as possible. 

I then sent for the Negroe, and got two or three other Negroes 
with him, and produced them separately to the Squaw and Boy. 
the Squaw took no notice of any 'till M r : Sterling's Negro came 
and said immediately that was the very person that committed 
the Murder; and upon examination we discovered the Negroes 
shirt Sleeves all stained with Blood, which circumstance con- 
vinced every person present that the said Negroe was the very 
person that committed the Murder. I immediately ordered him 
to be kept in close confinement, and assured the Indians that 
he wou'd suffer for the michief done by him. I wish with all 
my heart he could be tried here & if condemned to suffer death, 
his being made an example of in the presence of the Indians, 
I believe wou'd have a very good effect, and convince them that 
we never skreen bad people from Justice. Whereas if the Negro 
is sent down the Country the Indians will be very apt to believe 
he is sent on purpose out of the Way. 

INDORSED: Extracts of L l . Coll 
Campbels Letters to 
Genr 1 . Gage April 10 th . 
& May 8 th . 1 766 — 

162 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Philad*. //"■. April 1766 

[ ] very obligeing fav r . of the 29 Ult. 

] M r . Croghan was handed me two [ 
sent M r . Croghans to his house [ ] he reed them, 

you have laid me [ ] to you for your goodness in 

] to recommend me to him which [ ] 

an impression on me as to do [ ] Compass of my 

power to make [ ] be pleas'd to intrust me with as 

]th you & him as posable, your Exspress [ 
in matters being amicably setled between [ gives me 

the greatest proof of your [ ] recpt of your last 

letter on that [ ]ht best to take no farther notice of 

re]ason have never mentiond it to him [ 
Verry good terms with him, 

| Croghan this day made mention to me [ 
recom]mendation, & has partly Come to a Conclusion [ 
quan]tity of Indian goods I sent up the Country [ 
the spring to forward to a market which [ Jed on 

Account of a person disapointing [ ]ing to take Charge 

of them & I realy am [ ] they'l answer the purpose 

& more particular [ | scarce any sort of Indian goods 

to be had | New York they amount to about Eigh- 

teen hund d been for some days past pester'd with 

M r . [Flood who] says he's going up to you if so I can assure 
you'l have a troublesome Chap about your house 
]oks for you which he pledged for 1/1 & I releas'd 
]m to send by my broth 1 ", who goes in a few 
being Just seting off time will not permit to 
I am with the greatest sincerity 

Your most Oblig'd Hhble Serv 1 . 

Fran 5 . Wade 
]son Barn 1 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 163 


In the Harvard College Library is a letter of April 1 3th from 
General Gage about Lieutenant Phister's (Pfister's?) intentions con- 
cerning Niagara, medals for Indians and trade possibilities at Michili- 
mackinac (printed in Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 
1 1 :2 13-14, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter). 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady April 13 th . 1766 
] favoured with a few Lines from you by 
] ing a couple of Letters which you are 
]th me to Ireland, I have a due sence 
]e me by receiving your commands 
]titude for the kind wishes you express 
] Prosperity; this instance of frien- 
] to the many others which our Family 
Jed from your hands, will always awa[ 
end with the most tender anxiety for 

] rity and Happiness of Sir William [ 
and Family, hoping the same friendly ]se may 

always subsist, and with wish [ ] every earthly 

Felicity beg leave to [ ] with the greatest Respect 

and regard 


Your most Obedient 

And very Humble Serv 1 . 

Rich . Duncan. 
[ William Johnson. 

164 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Niagara, i4pn7 /4] 7766 

My last to you was dated the 6 th . 

]I have had the honor of a Visit from [Ogastass 
a chief] of the senecas — He deliverd to me a [ ]n 

of Friendship &c — he acquainted me [ ] last 

spring — He mentioned that a Congress [ . ] ons, the 

nearest flatt heads, (Cheroques I suppose) [ ]dian 

Nations are this spring to meet at Fort Pitt [ ] came 

here the ninth of this Month, but whether [ ] more to 

mention to me I cant tell — 

I am well informed of the Character of this Chief, [ 

Jular care to make his arrival agreeable [ be 

happy to be favourd with a line from you 

As this Indians introduction [ ] 

satisfactory to him, so I hope the impression [ ]nglish 

is favourable. I am 

Sir, With Respect your most Obed' 
Hble Serv' 

John Clarke 


A. L. S. 

New York the I4 lh April 1766 

] the pleasure of receiving your letter 
dated [ eight days ago, I was then in the 

Country about [ place, don't think it was to see 

my Uncle, no [ Wife was with me, and we arrived 

in Town on that same day also arriv'd from the 

1 A captain in the 46th regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Havanna | 
the Waltons [ 

the [ 

14 th . came 

]h 70,000 Dollars, 40,000 of which was for 

] of the Vessel who they are I know not. 

] was in Town that the stamp act was not repealed 

] say it was not, the 1 7 th : & the News of the 

] Colonel Bird of Virginia, who sent 

it to his Brother in 
by Express from him [ 
House of Commons | 
now thought it will | 
into the service | 
of which are [ 
the Kings Stores | 
the Men of War, [ 
and army it is [ 
power that are 
expected, but | 

] at Philadelphia, and it came 
] the repeal did not then pass the 
] here, so far from that, that its 
] there are two Vessels here taken 
] and not to leave harbour, on Board 
] powder and ammunition that was in 
] two can't contain is put on Board 
] all the other Maneuvers of the fleet 
] some orders come to the People in 
] public. — The Packet is hourly 
] is detain'd at home to bring over the 
final resolutions of Parliment, which I'm afraid [ 

jations of you American sons of Liberty. As it 
[ ] affairs that ever appear'd before the British 

Sena[ ] for us in America to form an Idea of 

these d [ ] goes beyond my small comprehension to 

f [ ] between the two Countrys, Yet we still hop [ 

| Answer our hopes and wishes. 

As to the Carpenter he h[ 
about him, whither he will chuse [ 
know in my next, there are s[ 
glad to be employ'd if they [ 
Chuse to take them. The | 
tempting, but a vigorous [ 
Mare, Yet the shuning of [ 
much approve of it one who [ 
leading him astray, if too free a [ 
be called so, I am afraid your W[ 
himself a great deal of trouble | 

] I wrote you 

] I shall let you 

] here that would be 

] footing you would 

] they till me is not very 

minds the Beauty of a 

Meritorious deed, and I 

very assiduous in 

] the fair Sex can 

] need not give 

] tations in the Amorous 

way, but tempt him with | 

| and he is your man ; he is 

166 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a Lazy dog for not ans [ ] letter for which I wish you 

would keep him busy [ ] inck and Paper for a Month, an 

let him have ne[ ] nor drink, but now and then a 

little bread and wate[r ] of which I know him to love 


You were so good as say in yo [ ] troubled me with 

some Commissions. I hope Sir William 
can order me to do, will be looked upon [ 
to have it in my power to serve sir William [ 
disagreeable part of business of his hands 
the smallest degree of quiet satisfaction 
utensils for the lodge will soon be ready [ 
things that you can easier get made at [ 
chasing them here, such as, Batons for the [ 
the Deacons, two Boxes, one pritty large [ | thing 

and Utensils of the lodge, another [ ] for the 

Treasurer, there also ought to be a very [ Jcting 

the Ballots when a Brother is accepted [ ] upon 

any Occasion, the rest of the things I shall [ 
bring up myself. My Compliments to that old [ ] with 

the nasty Name in Irish. M rs MacLeod [ ] to you for 

honoring her with your Compliments [ | accept of hers 

in Return 

I am 

Your very Humble and 

Obedient Servant 
Nor: MacLeod 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



D. S. 1 

Memorial of the Merchants 
of the City of Montreal. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That your Memorialists en- 
couraged by your answer to 
their Letter of the 22d Jan^., 
as well as your kind, & hearty 
disposition to promote the 
Trading Interest of this dis- 
tressed Province, are prompt to 
address themselves to You, 
relative to the trade with the 
Indian Nations, & at the same 
time, beg liberty to enclose you 
the Copy of a Memorial for- 
warded by your Memorialists, 
to the Gov r . & Council of this 
Province, with His Excel- 
lency s Answer in Council, on 
that Subject. 

That by said Memorial, 
they have endeavoured to 
make appear, the Utility, as 
well as Absolute Necessity, of 
the Traders being permitted to 
winter amongst the Indians. 

Montreal April 15, 1766 

I ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

par votre reponse [ 

] . Aussi 
bien que [ 

] Obligeante, a Av[ 

] du Commerce 
de cette [ ] Province, 

Prennent [ 

s' addresser a vous pour [ 
le Commerce des Nations 
Sa[uvages et] en meme temps 
demander [ de vous 

Envoyer une Copie 

fait par vos Sup- 
pliants, au Goufverneur et] 
Conseil de cette Province, avec 
] de son Excellence, en 

Que par la d te . Mem- 
] fait leur pos- 
sible pour demo[ 
1' Utilite et la Necessite abso- 
lute [que les] Commercans 
soient permis d[ parmi les 

1 Inclosed in letter of John Welles to Johnson, dated April 1 7, 1 766. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

That in Consequence of said 
Memorial his Excellency the 
Gov r . & the Hon ble . Council 
of this Province, have thought 
proper to Grant Passports on 
another Plan, (as <j$ r Copy we 
have taken the Liberty to en- 
close) by which the Traders 
are not limited to the Posts, 
but give security to follow such 
regulations, as may be judged 
necessary by You, Sir, his Ma- 
jesties Superintendant &c a . 
&c a . & c a. 

That from the Assurances 

t ] 

[ ] to 

[ ] 

] commerce 

] beyond the Posts 

instructions, or take 

as to your Wisdom 

Necessary, and tend 

] lief of your Me- 

morialists ; 

And they will as in duty 

bound &c a &c a 

Qu'en Consequence due dite 
] son Excellence le 
Gouverneur [ ]norable Con- 
seil de cette Province [ 
Juge apropos, d' Accorder des 
pas[seports] Sur un autre 
plan, Conforme a | ] que 

nous prennons la liberte de 
] Envoyer, par la quelle 
les Commer[cans] ne sont 
point limites aux Postes don- 
nant Caution d' Observer 
te [lies regies?] que vous, 
Mons r , Jugeres Nec-[ 

Comme Surintendant de Sa 

[ ] 

Que par les Assu[ ranees] 

[ '] 

prie tres humblement [ 
serieusement leur Cas, et de 
] Accorder une Eten- 
due de Comm[erce parmi?] 
les Sauvages au dela des 
Postes et [de] donner telles 
Instructions, ou prendre telles 
Mesures, que votre Sagesse 
trouverez apropos, pour le 
Soulagement de vos Suppliants. 

Que ne Cesserons Jamais de 

prier dieu pour Votre 


Montreal Avril le 15 me 
1 766 &c a &c a &c a 


mes missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



[ ]\ Isaac Todd 
[ ] J Mich l Wade 



[ ] Jas: Finlay 

Amb: Curot P. Pillet 

[ ] Joseph Torrey 

Burvieux Guy 

[ ] Sam l : Hohmes 


[ ] John Thomson 

Ch Sanguinet 

Neall Lessey 


William Haywood 

Ch les Sanguinet 

John Delisle 

Lanvier S Hol[ ] 

John Jenison 

P. Monte Desziui[ ] 

Jonas de Saulles 


Lawrence Ermatinger 

ANGE CH ES . [ ] 

David Clunie 

Jacques Hervieu[ ] 

i ■] 

[ 1 

Edw d . Harrison 

[ 1 

James Morrison 

[ ] 



Amable Desvill[ ] 





April 3-15, 1766 
Abraham Van Campen to Governor Franklin 

[Pagequala, April 3, 1766] 
to acquaint your Excellency of a 
] upper end of the Minisinks, which a 
]t on the 10 th . of March last, there wa 

ines missing. 

1 70 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] Coshegton to trade with the 
Inhab[ ] be missing which greatly alarmed 

] a search the issue of which was 

] buried near the House of one Ro[bert 

Simmons ] Indian from the Inhabited part of 

] made them suspect said Simmonds guilty 
] inquiry about the matter they found that 
] of a Rifle and some Beaver skins ne[ 
] it was committed; which Articles the Inha [ 

] as plunder from said Indian. Upon the 
[ ]s, the Magistrates issued a Warrant 

for the [ Jmonds, who was taken on the l 8t . of 

this Inst[ ] done with him my Author knoweth 

not [ ] the above relation may be depended on 

as [ ] knowledge. 

From your most Obedient Hum Servant 

Abraham Van Campen 
Jed himself 
] whilst he 
] habitants, 
[ ] k with him 

Abraham Van Campen To Governor Franklin 

Sussex Court House 1 1 *. April 1 766 
I am sorry to inform your Excellency, that the M [ 

] my last who was Committed to Gaol for the 
mur [ ] County, was on the 2 d day of this Ins 1 , at night 

rescued [ ] who laid violent hands on the Gaoler, & 

obliged h [ ] lock the door. In consequence of which I 

] Frontiers near where the Fact was Committed 
] is a base Vagabond fellow who has neither 
re[ ] and hath lately deserted the Kings Colours. 

] in that neighbourhood are in the greatest 
Anx[ ] on that account, and begg'd me to inform 

that they really believe if said Offender 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 171 

is not [ ] Indians will fall on them in a Hostile 

ma[ ] enclosed Affidavit, and am now at [ 

exam]ined the said Gaoler M r . Isaac H[ull 

[ '] 

that it happened about [ 

I also have reason to be[ ] remote 

part of the County [ ] I am really at a loss 

how to C[ ] direction, but profess in beh[ 

] and Men in Authority in th[ ] 

particular orders in Execution [ ] 

I subscribe my [ 

yo[ ] 

[ ] 

Appeared before me Samuel Dav[is Constable of Montague 
and] his Assistants, Johannes Decker, and J[ ] upon 

the holy Evangelists of Almighty God [ ] as one 

Robert Seamor was Committed [ ] for the murder 

of an Onidor Indian [ ] the said Seamor to the 

Sherriff of the Coun [ ] Court House the Constable 

with one of [ ] upon which the Sherriff sent an 

Order | ] Gaol, when we returned to the House of 

] Court House, there was a number of Men 

gave several Huzzas, Whereupon we took 

to Hull according to orders, and went with 

| us to come out which we did, but the men 

w[ ] their Clubs about, & to push Hull till he 

f [ | with their Clubs came out and brought the 

| set him free. Further the Deponants say 

[ ] 

Sworn before me 

April the 9*. 1 766 [ ] 

Abr m . Van Campen. 

1 Several lines missing. 

1 72 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Proclamation of Governor Franklin 

By his Excellency [ 

William Franklin Esq. Captain Ge[ ] chief in and 

over his Majestys Province of [ ] thereon depending 

in America, Chancellor [ ]ome & c . 

A Proclamation [ 
Whereas I have received information from [ 

[ '] 

trade, and had behaved h[ ] Robert 

Simmonds alias Se[ ]h was on the second 

day of April [ ] gaol of the County 

aforesaid, fr[ ] of the same day about 

ten o'Cl[ Jen. And whereas it is the 

] of every Government to p [ 

] Crimes, committed against the L[ 

| t Violation of the solemn Treaties [ 

| the Indians, which have hitherto be [ 

| respect to the People of this Colony. 

| said may greatly endanger the Pe[ace 
| Introduce all the Horrors and Calami [ 

| efore hereby strictly Charge and Command 
| within this Colony (particularly those Resi[ 
] ) to use their utmost Endeavours to ta [ 

| said Simmonds alias Seamon, and such 
they shall have sufficient reason to 
] murder and Robbery or of the Rescue of the 
| from Gaol, and on their Commitment [ 
sufficient Guard, to secure the Gaol from being 
]ers rescued. And in order to encourage his 
| to exert themselves in the pursuit and ap- 
prehend [ ]onds alias Seamon, and every Person or 
Persons \ ]der and Robbery aforesaid, I do promise 
the | | who shall after the date hereof apprehend 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 173 

]monds alias Seamon of any other Person guilty 
| Robbery aforesaid, shall upon Conviction of the 
| the Treasury of this Province One Hundred 
] d I do likewise in the most earnest manner 
] Inhabitants of this Colony to behave with kind 
] to such Indians who shall Visit the Front [ 
] as such a Conduct will have a Tendency [ 
] es and Advantages of Peace. 
] Hand and Seal at Arms at the City of B [urlington 
] Province the Fifteenth day of April in the 
] Majestys Reign Anno Domini 1 766 
[ ]nd 

W m . Franklin 

William Franklin to Abraham Van Campen 

[Burlington April 15, 1766] 

I last night [ ] 

containing an Account of ] & the 

Rescue of the horrif Pers[ ] Committed 

to the Gaol of Su[ssex County ]telligence, as I 

think it may [ ] Inhabitants on the Frontiers 

] in such Cases, seldom make Dis[ 

| Guilty. I shall, however, by the first 
Johnson, His Majestys Superintend [ 
the Circumstances, and request h[ 
]comodate this unhappy Affair. 
] to facilitate his Endeavours in [ 
] than the apprehending and bringing [ 
hope they will omit Nothing in the[ 

As a further Inducement to their ex[ I have 

issued the enclosed Proclamation ] Dollars 

Reward to the Person or Persons [ | secure the 

Offender, so that he may be | ] not only of 

present bad Consequence | | to you County, should 

either the V[ rescued him, be suffered to 

174 Sir William Johnson Papers 

escape w [ ] not therefore but that all officers 

b [ ] other well disposed Man in the Coun [ 

] Endeavours to bring them to Justice. 
I am, Sir, 

Your mos[ 

[ ] 

To Col. Van Campen 

A. L. S. 

Albany April the I6 lh 1766. 
]red Sir, 
Please Your Hon r . Since my two Pre[ 

] Newyork have send Orders up to their [ 
to M r . Sylvester and M r . Abraham Yates [ ] me 

out my Misery and by giving me a [ ] Time to pay ; and 

my Creditor here in Alb [ ] Hendrick Quackenbos, he 

has done the same and [ ] ing to let me out, by giving 

me a Years Time [ ] pay and to give him a Bail. Pray 

Sir [ ] the Coast 8 and Charges, the Lawyers will give 

] a certain Time to earn as much Money, only [ 
] give them a Bail or a Security. Please Your [ Jour 

then, I beg Your Pardon and great favour [ ] t obediently 

to have Mercy and Commiseration [ Jon me and my poor 

familly at home, that it [ Jay please Your Hon r . to be my 

Bail ; pray Sir I implore most obedient and [ ] to be 

released out this Miserable [ ] Condition, and it 

is enough to [ ] my friends and Relations have 

[ J ly, not to send me a Mouthfull of [ 

] an Answer upon my Letters, that [ ] I hope. 

Your Hon r . will please [ J Care myself in the 

future not to run [ J and with the help of God and 

his Mo[ J on my Business of Trade as fast as p[ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 175 

] pay my Creditors. Please Your Hon[ 
has received Orders from the Widow S [ ] Joh\ Alt 

and She is to take the Land ; for [ ] Heyde 

he will not release him, before h[ ] and beg Your 

Pardon Sir, We both are [ ] now, that Your Hon r . 

will please to help [ ] come out soon, we shall be 

infinitely o[ ] to Your Hon r . then we both having 

many [ ] Mouthfull of Bread in our Misery, that 

] lay down many Night 5 hungry, without [ 
] Bread, but We hoping the God Al [ ] 

will send us out soon of Our Misery, [ ] in great 

Esteem and Respect 


Most Obedient humble Ser vt 
John Spangenberg 


Honourable Sir William 
Johnson Bar" 
Johnsons Hall. 

A. L. S. 

Philad*. 16*. April 1766 

] dont sett off so soon as I Expect'd 
] ty of M r Adams s . going to send [ 
] M r . Flood pledged, he told me they [ 
Johnson to you which Occasion'd [ ] n from him for 

fear he should pledge [ ] I Can Assure you by 

what I have [ ] whilst here I think he's Capable 

of ] the meanest Actions I dont speak 

] ntment for the treatment he gave [ 
upon him to be Absolutely mad at times [ ] him 

176 Sir William Johnson Papers 

these three days past by which [ ] he's gone your 

way, the short stay and [ ]oport>\ I have had of 

seeing M r . Adams [ ] my Exerting myselfe as I 

would Chuse in j ]ing of the sale of your Negro boy 

which | ] me this day he has sent back as he 

] meet with no Chap for him, the gentleman 
] about him is not yet Come to town [ 
| been light fingerd I would gladly make [ 
for a lusty fellow I have which I think [ ] to attend 

table, M r . Adams informs [ ]nted three servants for 

you theres a Vessel [ ] arriv'd from Derry in 30 days 

which brings | ]s of the repeal of the stamp Act but 

as she | ] Come up to town Cant learn whether theres 

] s on board or not I shall make Enquiery [ 
of the sort he mentiond shall send them [ ] the Care of 

broth r who has got the snuff for [ ] with the 

greatest respect 

Dear Sir 

Your most oblig'd Hhble Serv*. 

Fran 3 . Wade 
]NSON Barn*. 

Contemporary Copy 1 

[Montreal, April 17?, 1766] 

[ 2 ] 

[ ] thereto His [ ] 

| to trade with any of the savages [ 

] and, to observe such Rules, and Regulations 

m]ay hereafter be made, by His Majesties super [intend- 

ant of] Indian Affairs or other His Majesties Officers [ 

1 Inclosed in letter of John Welles to Johnson dated April 1 7, 1 766. 

2 Lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 177 

[ ] Serving in those Regions. 

This Licence to be in Force for [ and] 

no Longer 

Given under my hand and [seal] 

at Arms this [17th?] day of April [1766] 

Signd Ja. Murray 
Counter Signd 

By His Excellencys Commfand] 


from y e Traders of Canada 
& Gov r Murrays pass 
Recorded Vol-391 


A. L. S. 

[Montreal] Le 1 7 e . avril 1766. 
[Etant const] ament occupe du Soin d'augmenter La Confiance 
[dont vous m' h]onorez et me meriter par La La continuation 
[du credit q]ue Je ne puis aquerir aupres d'une personne 
comme] vous Monsieur, que par une probite consommee, 
[et une loyau]te Souteniie, Je Crois devoir vous informer 
[pour enlev]er et detruire quelques impressions que pourroient 
[avoir donne de] moy les rapports calomnieux que L'on 
[paroit vou]s faire, a L'occasion du certifficat que vous [avez 
bien] voulu accorder a M. Chabert, relativement aux [pertes 
qu'il] a Souffert au petit fort de niagara, que led. [M.] Chabert 
a mon depart de cette ville pour ches [vous me p]romit une forte 
Somme Si Je pouvois reussir [a lui app]orter led. Certifficat, 
que cette promesse fut le [simple acte] de Sa volonte, qu a mon 
retour penetre du [ ] de ceque vous aviez bien voulu 

faire en Sa faveur me dit en ces termes [par la mission que vous 

178 Sir William Johnson Papers 

avez?] remplie, vous aves parfaittement [execute ma volonte et] 
celle de M. Janson, Je Scais qu[il n'y a pas de meilleure 
maniere] deluy montrer ma reconnoissance [qu'en vous don- 
ner ?] J avois destine a Votre Succes La [somme de ? M.] Jan- 
son ne poura point Etre offense q [ue je ] Sur un Sujet 
pour qui il S'interr[esse. N'ayant] d'argent comptant pour vous 
Satis [faire, je vais vous] donner mon billet payable en [mar- 
chandises]. Vous penses bien, Monsieur, que [je ne pus 
refuser] a accepter cet off re qui n'a neanmoins [point fourni 
les?] Marchandises dont il m'a remis L[e billet de la] maniere 
Laplus Genereuse, or Co[mme lui] ou quelque autre, pourroient 
vous donner [un rapport] Sous des Couleurs differentes, Lebut 
de [la lettre est] que vous Soyes prevenu du fait, a fin de 
[re jeter les] fausses imputations; J'ai des monuments po[ur 
prouver] Laverite, que Jeconserve pour Le besoin [de la cause]. 
Jevous Supplie L'honneur de votre projection ] Votre 
nom Seul m'Est Si favorable et Soye [assure ] dutres 
profond respect avec Lequel J'ai L'honn[eur d'etre] 

Votre [tres humble et] 

obeissant [serviteur] 

L Perthuis 


[Montreal] April 1 7th, 1766 

[Being constantly?] governed by the desire to increase the 
confidence [with which you] honor me and to merit thus the 
continuation of [the good opinion] which I can acquire from a 
person [like] yourself, sir, only by perfect probity and unfailing 
[loyalty], I believe I should inform you, [in order to remove] 
and extinguish some impressions which [you may have received 
of me from] the calumnious reports which some people seem to 
circulate in connection with the certificate that you were pleased 
to give to Mr Chabert relative to the [losses which he] suffered 
at the Little Fort of Niagara, that the said [Mr] Chabert, on 
my leaving this city for your house, promised me a large sum 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 179 

if I could succeed in bringing back [to him] the said certificate; 
that this promise was entirely voluntary; that on my return, im- 
pressed with the [value] of what you had consented to do in 
his behalf, said to me in these terms: [By the mission which 
you have?] accomplished, you have perfectly [carried out my 
wish and] that of Mr Johnson; I know that [there is no better 
way] to show him my gratitude [than by giving you ?] 

I had intended to give you for your success a [sum of ? 

Mr] Johnson can not be displeased [that I about a 

matter in which he interests himself. [Having no] ready money 
with which to compensate you, [I am going to] give you my 
note payable in [merchandise.] You can readily understand, 
sir, that [I could not refuse] to accept this offer, which has 
however [not procured me the ?] goods for which he so gener- 
ously gave me [his note]. Therefore, [as he] or someone else 
may present the matter in a different light, the object of [this 
letter is] to put you in possession of the facts in order that you 
may be able to [reject the] false imputations. I have evidence 
[to prove] the truth, which I am keeping for use in case of 
necessity. I beg the honor of your protection. Your name 
alone is worth much to me and be [assured] of the profound 
respect with which I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your very humble 
and obedient servant, 

L. Perthuis. 


[Montreal April 17, 1766] 


fully Communicated accord [ 

properest manner, which was [ 

french) at a General Meeting of [ 

English and French who expressed | 

1 Several lines missing. 

180 Sir William Johnson Papers 

on your Condescension, in giving them [ 
& full of your kind regard for [ 

I now do myself the [ 
a Memorial from the [ ] Merchants 1 

on the Subject of Trade with the Indians which 
maintaind, is in your Department, & comes consequently | 
Imediate inspection. 

The Merchants of this place [ ] to 

leave no Stone unturned, & endeavour if possible to | 
drooping head of the Commercial Interest of this di[ 
unhappy Province, Made Application to the | 
hoping thro them, in the present unsettled State of the | 
to Strike out something, [ ] ation, 

to the G[ ] find [ 

things wit[ ] their proper Channel, and [you 

Sir; as they have always thought, are the person [ 
they are to expect redress, in regard to their Com [ 
present Requests, relative to the Trade, or other mat[ters 
Concerning the upper Countries. 

They have likewise thought it [ to enclose 

you the Memorial to the Gov r & Counsel | 


] tter to me, relative to the [ 
] which gave them great pleasure & Satisfaction 
| ourselves you will excuse the great trouble | 
] when you consider that the whole welfare of this | 

[Province] depends entirely, on a free, open, & 
extensive [ ] had with the Savages, am 

happy when I have [ ] power to Render any 

services, but shoud be much | 

a Certainty of your Approbation of my Conduct 
I have the honor to be Mos 1 Respectfully 

Sir Your Ob' & Most hum b,e Ser[ ] 

John Welles. 

1 Memorial of Montreal Traders, dated April 15, 1766. 
z Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 181 

P. S. by letters from Quebec, 
[ ] has appointed M r Geo. Allsopp, 

] the [ ] Council, 

[ ] 

[ M r Murray has [ | is Suspended from 

] mentioned his having given | | of the Assembly of 

i desirous of kowing the Issue, I will do myself the 
pleasure [ | Coppy of our Protest, also the result of 

an Assembly [ ] to be held at Quebec Last Thursday 

of the same Na [ | be agreable & that you are desirous 

of being acquainted in [ ] manner with what passes 

in Michilimackinac, or those countrys [ you can 

confide in them. I would beg leave to recommend | Benj.] 

Frobisher a very worthy young fellow of my acquaintance who 

the firm of which is Frobisher, Dobie & C° & 
he is very [ ] capable in his Remarks 

Hon. ble Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


A. L. S. 
[Philadelphia, April 18, 1766] 


I am att a Loss what to [ 
-ragous on the Indians by Y e pop [ 
allmost in Every part of the Cou[ 
there is Likewise a Number of the [ 
pople Setleing themselves on the we [stern 
w h . I feer will Drow on More Misthiff 
the Boundry is Setled 

its Nott Safe for any Indian to Come [ 
the frontiers this Way and y e Six Nations wi [ 
going to War against y e Suthren Indians | 

1 Several lines missing. 

182 Sir William Johnson Papers 

your honour Could proswade them to go D [ 
the Ohio, and if you Can Do, that is atend[ 
an 111 Convenience, unless y e Gineral wold [ 
orders to y e Commanding ofnser to Suply [ 
with Some Nesserys w h . they will allways [ 
att Fort Pitt. & which will be an aditional [ 
and unless this is Don as there is Litle ord [er 
up in those Goverments Croyltes will Insue [ 
the Indians & pople on the Frontiers, as heer [ 
Soveren Lord the Mobb Seem to Rule 

I am with the Greatest Esteem & Regard s r . 

Most obeidant & 
To the Honourable Humble S[ervant] 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. Geo: Crog[han] 


A. L. S. 

New York April 18*. 1766. 

] have done with the box of papers that you 
had of me in June [ | be much Obliged to you if 

you would be so kind as to forward [ ] safe 

Opportunity, the unfinished Manuscript 1 My Worthy [ 
M r John Wraxall is desirous of seeing and I purpose Copying. 
I had the favour of a Visit, tho' it would been an Ad [ 

]e had it been repeated oftner from your Son M r . John 
Johnson [ | before he Embarked for England last fall 

by whom I wrote to Col. [Maunsell] requesting he would In- 
troduce him to his family in Dublin, I [ ] had a 
letter from him dated on the 24 th . December wherein he [ 

| Johnson is not yet arrived in Ireland when he does My 
Brother the shall give him due Attendance he will 

find him A Convenient Ac [ ] . tho' I do not Imagine 

See 111:677. 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 183 

that A Son of Sir Williams can want [ ] Any where yet 

the more numerous his Acquaintance are provided they [ 
Chosen wise and Virtuous the greater probably will the Improve- 
ment [ ] his Tour to Europe which I hope may Termi- 
nate as much to his Ad [ ] as your fondest wishes would 

We have quite A famine for want of news the long Expected 
Packet is not yet arrived with the hoped for [ 
Imagine an Embargo is laid on all the Shiping [ 
us, Others that it is in Order Only to procure m[ 
ed for the Coast of New found land. 

Doubtless you have heard that I lost [ ] 

in Decem r . it pleased providence to afflict to [ ] 

Senses for Twenty months before his decease which [ 

] on him by degrees from too Intense reflecting on the 
Sustained by the Iron rod of power that his 
Spirit w [ but however virtue may be Oppressed I 

have this Consol [ M r Pope An honest man is the 

noblest work of god, [ ]nually a pensioner on him 

Since M r . Smiths death [ ] burden On his Estate. 

My Compliments to you [ and best wishes for your 

felicity, and permit me to Subs[ 

Williams friend And most [ 

Hum[ ] 

Elisabeth Ma[unsell] 

A. L. S. 

Montreal 18 avril 1766 
[Sur] lavis que m'a donne M r . Perthuis que vous seriez 
[mal ?] informe de la pretention des Sauvages Iroquois du 
[Canada?] je vais avoir l'honneur de vous informer le plus 
[exactement] qu il me sera possible de l'affaire dont il s'agist 
[Les sauvages?] du Sault S' Louis Sont proprietaires d'une Con- 

184 Sir William Johnson Papers 

cession [de terre?] de Deux lieues et plus de front sur deux 
lieues de [profondeur] joignant dun cote la Seigneurie de la 
prairie, et d'autre [cote celle] de Chatteauguay en consequence 
dune Sentence rendue [en leur fav]eur contre les Jesuittes par 
Son Excellence le Major [General Gage?]le Gouverneur de 

[Depuis?] M. Senneville ofncier des trouppes du Roy [au 
Ca]noda obtint en 1754 du Gouverneur et de [l'lntendant?] 
dudit pais une Concession d un terrain Vuide [situe] au bout 
des profondeurs du Sault S f Louis et de [Chatteaug]uay, ce 
M. Senneville la Vendit en 1 761 a Rene [Cartier pour] 1000011 
Tournois, ledit Cartier a paye Les [redevances au] Roy et a 
rendu la foy et homage au General [Gage? sui]vant l'usage de 
ce pais 

[Les sau]vages ont Voulu depuis peu s'opposer a la Jouis- 
sance de Cartier alleguant qu[ils ont eu] anciennement la con- 
tinuation de [la jouissance et que cette] Continuation leur est 
absolument [necessaire a la] Chasse; ce Cartier a forme un 
proces [judiciaire?] en la Cour des plaidoyers communs [a Mon- 
treal? et] m'a fait Sommer comme etant rece[veur?] a Com- 
paroitre le onze fevrier d r . [Considerant] que vous estes Surin- 
tendant de toutes [les affaires qui] concernent les Sauvages j'ay 
prie les J[uges pour] un Delay jusqu'a ce que vous Soyes 
inf[orme de] l'affaire et la cause a ete remise au [mois de 
may ?] prochain. Je ne connois d'autre lettre aux Sauvages 
[qui leur] donne la continuation qu'ils demandent [excepte] 
qu'en l'annee 1736 elle fut concedee a S f [Paul ?] Les 
jesuittes S'en plaignirent a la cour de f [ranee et] obtinrent du 
ministre une lettre dont [voicy la] Copie 

a Versailles le 6 may 1 7 [ ] J'ay reccu Mon reverend 

Pere votre lettre [du de] L'annee derniere, la concession 

qui avoit [ete donnee] au Sieur De Boiselere d'une Seigneurie 
derriere [le Sault] S' Louis n'a point ete confirmee, et le Roy 
[a ecrit] a M rs De Beauharnois et Hocquart que So[n desir] 
est qu'ils l'annullent, ainsy vos missionn [aires du] sault peuvent 
etre tranquiles a cet [egard] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 185 

[Je suis Mon] Reverend Pere entierement a vous Signe 
[Je dois] vous faire remarquer que la concession 
[de terrain a] M Senneville a ete ratiffiee par le [Roy de 

[Voila] Monsieur 1'expose Sincere de la pretention des 
[sauvages] Je laisse a vos lumieres et a votre [discretion a 
decider Si elle est bien fondee [Je suis] flatte que cette affaire 
me procure La [satisfac] tion de vous assurer du respect avec 
lequel [j'ai l']honneur d'etre 

Votre tres humble et 

tres obeissant Serviteur 

P re . Panet 
[A l'honorjable 

M. ] Guilliaume Johnston 
[Commandant] en Chef de sa Majeste 
[Surintendant] des sauvages &ca &ca &ca 

au fort Johnston 


Montreal 18 April 1766 

[On] information which Mr Perthuis has given me that you 
had been [wrongly] informed regarding the pretension of the 
Iroquois Indians of [Canada ?], I have the honor to inform 
you as [exactly] as it is possible for me of the matter concerned. 
[The Indians] of the Sault St Louis are proprietors of a con- 
cession] of [land] of more than two leagues in width by two 
leagues in [depth,] joining on one side the seigniory of La 
Prairie and on the other [side that] of Chateauguay in conse- 
quence of a decision rendered [in their favor] against the 
Jesuits by his Excellency, Major [General Gage?] the Gov- 
ernor of Montreal. 

[Since then] M. Senneville, an officer of the King's troops 
[in Canada], obtained in 1754 from the Governor and from 
[the Intendant?] of the said country a concession of a vacant 

186 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tract [situated] at the lower boundaries of the Sault St Louis 
and of [Chateaug]uay. M. Senneville sold it in 1761 to Rene 
[Cartier for] 10000 livres tournois 1 ; the said Cartier has paid 
the [quitrents to the] King and rendered fealty and homage to 
General [Gage?] according to the custom of the country. 

Recently the Indians have tried to oppose Cartier's posses- 
sion, alleging that they formerly [had] a continuation of [its 
use and that this] continuation is absolutely [necessary] to 
them for hunting. The said Cartier began legal proceedings in 
the court of common pleas [at Montreal and] had me sum- 
moned as being the [receiver?] to appear on the eleventh of 
last February. [Inasmuch] as you are Superintendent of all 
[affairs which] concern the Indians, I begged the [judges to 
grant] a delay until you were in [formed] of the affair, and the 
case was put over to next [May?] 

I know no grant to the Indians that [gives them] the con- 
tinuation which they ask [except] that in the year 1 736 it was 
ceded to St [Paul?] The Jesuits complained of it to the court 
of [France and] obtained from the minister a letter of which 
[this is the] copy. 

At Versailles the 6th of May 1 7 [ ] 

I have received, Reverend Father, your letter [of of] 

last year. The concession which had [been given] to Sieur de 
Boiselere of a seignory back of [the Sault] St Louis has not 
been confirmed, and the King [has written] to Messrs de 
Beauharnois 2 and Hocquart 3 that his [wish] is that they annul 
it; so your mission [aries at the] falls may be at ease in that 
[I am, my] Reverend Father 

Wholly yours 

Signed [ ] 

1 A sum of less than five hundred pounds. 

2 Charles, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of Canada, 1726-1747. 
■* Giles Hocquart, Intendant of Canada. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 187 

[I must] call your attention to the fact that the concession [of 
land to] M. Senneville was ratified by the [King of France] 

[This,] sir, is an honest statement of the pretension of the 
[Indians.] I leave it to your judgment and your [discretion 
to decide whether it is well founded. 

I am gratified that this matter procures me the [satisfaction 
of assuring you of the respect with which [I have the] honor 
to be [sir] 

Your very humble and 

very obedient servant 

Pierre Panet 
[To the honor] able 
[Sir] William Johnson 
[Commander] in Chief of His Majesty 
[Superintendent] of the Indians & ca . & ca . & ca . 

at Fort Johnson 

A. L. S. 

[New York, April 20, 1766.] 

Dear Sir, 

I have nothing of a Publick [ ] 

trouble you with ; The Papers will show you [w 
brought to Philadelphia by a ship from Ireland repeal] 

of the Stamp-Act, which is all we as yet know about [ 
I hope M r Croghan has left Philadelphia, I sent him [ 
& small Medals, but cant get any Person to make a new 
] were of the sort last sent to you, but made more 
& [ ] better polished and rounder at the Edges, I 

should say Br[ ] flatter, than those you had. 

I now take the Liberty to trouble you on some private [ 
of my own. In the length of Time I have served on this Conti- 
nent I have neither been offered, or asked anything. My Family 
incr [eases] and tho' I have had good Pay, my expences have 

188 Sir William Johnson Papers 

been great; And as for Emoluments, I have never known what 
they were, so that the Increase of my private Fortune is not 
much bettered. I have thought of Lands if I can obtain them 
advantageously, and would ask your ad [vice] about purchas- 
ing of the Indians if practicable, and to know the be[st] Method 
of doing it, and in what part it would be best and easiest to 
make a Purchase of them. Perhaps on the ohio out of M r 
Penn's Jurisdiction.] 


]able to procure the 

extreamly ignorant in all these matters 
] your asistance and advice." As for the [ 
] mediately that Circumstance would not be agreeable 
] they must be left as they are for some years at 
] my Idea of the Matter. 
I am very Truely 

dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
INDORSED: April 20 th , 1766 

Gener 1 Gages Letter 


D/. 3 

Johnson-hall April 20 l K 1766. 

] pleasure of Writing to you Last [ 

received, and as I hear the Pacquet is Just 
[ I shall in a few days hear from you & my 


Several lines missing. 

2 For information concerning General Gage's purchase, in Oneida 
county, N. Y., see Calendar of Land Papers, p. 418, 462, 467, 475, 
and Daniel E. Wager, A Descriptive Work on Oneida County, p. 1 06—7. 

3 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 189 

] more fully, for at present I only write at 
the [ ] a Gentleman, whose earnest request I 

cannot [ ] L* Prevost of the 60 th . Regiment Son 

to L l Col [ ] same is upon terms with Capt Schlossir 

of that R[ com] mission, for the perfecting which his 

Majesty [ ] is far up amongst the Lieut 5 . & 

represents that [ no]t effect any other Officer, 

and his Uncle Gen 1 . Prevost 1 [ ] in his behalf, but 

his Sense of Your Lordships Capacity [ ]sion is so 

great that he has begged I would Lay his Case 
your Countenance & Support with the Secretary at War | 
Gentleman of Merit, fond of a Military Life & will I 

]ke a good Officer, a Word from your Lordship on his 
behalf [ ] infinite Service to him, and If you can do so 

it will Greatly [ ] but I shall by no means Expect if 

it is in the Smallest degree ]nt to you. — 

I hope you will Excuse the repeated Trouble 
& believe that I ever 


My Lord 

A. L. S. 

[Montreal] 20* April 1766 

[ ] Sir William will forgive [ 

] no better to be had hire, J 
]liver'd to you by a County [ 
Capt. 0]Brien, a Son of Sir Edwad[ 
osity to See You, he is [ ] fellow and will 

recommend himself [ ]'d to my Friend Guy, is 

from [ ] Fellow Lieu*. Madden, who [ 

] soldier, as he is much [ 
avage, he has beg'd I would to You, perhaps 

1 Major General James Prevost. 

190 Sir William Johnson Papers 

it may prevent [ ] coming a dissagreable 

journey [ ] speak but a few Words of Indian 

[ ] is such he will soon get on, [ 

] on him in every thing he will [ 
General Bur] ton leaves this tomorrow for Europe 
[ ] ter Man, and hope he will be well 

]n he gets home, I am happy to [ 
] Sir John, May he make as good [ 
father, which is a Comp 1 . from our Nation [ ] 

one from me; you and I know the [Yankees well, and 

if not brought down now [ ] all my letters from 

home, say that [the Stamp Act?] was a curse left behind 
by the late [ ] x them very much to set 

the 28th] Reg 1 , now called Slasshers are orderd 
[to Albany ] the 60 Reg f . we hear there is to 

]ed there this Spring, 
]mand the Troops in Canada, but [ 
| cannot tell, 
the Indians were all [ ] of General 

Burton, b[ ] their Belts in great Form 

[ ] any thing I can do to se[ 


As no Body has a [ ] 

for You, than [ ] 

Your most [ ] 

and m [ ] 

[ ] 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 
Superintendent of all Indian 
Affairs in America at 
Johnson Hall 

1 Illegible. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 191 


[Schenectady] 20 th Ap l . 

] disapointed in my Expectation of once more 

] waiting on you, makes me take the 

] the Within Certificate, from this place 

whe[ ] mett Cap*. Prevost 1 who proposed waiting 

] Supose Some unforseen Accidents must 
], Since he is not heere at the time 
] the Post is arived but no news, the 
[ ] yett not arived, but is hourly expected 

] Permitt me Sir to hope you will lay you [ 
] me if you Should want any thing from 
] ing my Short Stay there, and let me request [ 

] continue me that friendship you have So 
]rd me with, and you will most effectualy 
[ ] who begs leave to Subscribe himself 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obedient and 

most devoted humble Servant 
Augt Prevost 
[ ] able S R . W M JOHNSON Baronet 


Philad*. 20* April 1766 
] since my last W M r . Adams I have [ 
]n indented servant a taylor by trade [ 
]d in Care of my broth r . Mathew ther[ 
to suit you on board the ship or I [ ]nt them 

by the same oporto, he has ]s to serve but 

Captain Marcus Prevost, of the 62d (60th) regiment. 

192 Sir William Johnson Papers 

says he'l agree for a [ Jideration if agreeable 

to you for two [ ]n I paid twelve pounds for his 

time ] by the indentures & some small Charg[ 

]ignment he has been recommended to me for 
[ ] sober fellow & I hope will prove agreeable 

[ ]m likewise inform'd he understands his 

] tolerable well, if you are in want of the 
] r &c as M r . Adams mention'd & you'l let me 
] your next I shall Endeavour to get them 
] the next Vessels & send them up. 
I am Extreamly sorry I had not an oporty. given [ 
| dispose of your Negro boy who I should have | 
] ourd to have sold had M r - Adams given me [ 
oporty. so to do the first afternoon he arriv'd he [ 
told me had him & tryed to sell him on the [ ] I 

asked him to dine with me the next day when [ ]ould 

talk with him about it but he disapointed me [ 
Comeing so that I did not see him aft r . untill the [ 

] fore he went away at which time the negro was | 

off in which Case it was out of my power to have 
] myselfe as I would Chuse however I Exspect the 
g [ | to about him in towon in a few days when I shall 

try to [ | of I am with the greatest respect 

Dear S r . Your most Oblig'd Hhble Serv'. 

Fran s . Wade 


The Honble Sir Will" 1 . Johnson 
Barn*, at 

Johnson Hall 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 193 



Johnson hall April 21 st . 1766. 

Jed me your esteemed favor of this 
Month [ ] I am sorry to find was. so long 

by the way [ Jabitants may be greatly 

indebted to [ ]hich you intend to proceed 

concerning Indian [ ] it may be to interested 

Individuals, the [ ] the good effects of such 

a Resolution, as they [ Jed the resentment of 

the Indians from a Contrary [ ] I daresay 

M r Blanchard knew the true Situation of [ 
Affair can I presume be settled as mentioned in [ 
subject. — 

The Jealousys of the Indians concerning their Lands | 

] ding, and the Justness of their complaints are 
well known [ ] who Express Contrary Sentiments, the 

circumstances are [ ] known, neither are the 

consequences sufficiently weighed [ ] Subject too 

interesting to many and to represent them in [ ] , 

and invalidate the arguments to the Contrary would [ ] ed 

the bounds of a Letter nevertheless 

As the public [ ] greatly depends on the Justice 

done to the Indians, I should [ ] comply with your 

Excell c y s desire but that I am [ making a Tour 

shortly to these parts, when I shall have | | of paying 

my respects to you, and shall be Extremely glad if you'll 
] a Visit at this Retirement — I can then give 
you [ | Satisfaction on these & many other heads, and 

flatter myself with having [ 
sufficient proofs of the truth [ 
the due attention [ 

If I am disappointed of the pleasure of [ 
allow me to Visit N York I shall [ ] you desire 


1 94 Sir William Johnson Papers 

with a full persuasion of you [ ] into them — 

I shall also as soon as my [ ] send you the 

Names of the Gen', and other [ ]in my 


I am Just informed that an Indian of Oneida [ 

] Onoghquagey to Trade at the Minisinks within [ 

] been Murdered by some of the Inhabitants, which 
] Circumstance particularly at this time as a Like 
Six] Nations has been lately committed in 
pensilvania [ ] given as appears by Affidavits 

sent me by L f . G[ ] the Murderer to Virginia the 

back Inhabitants of [ lately given Sev 1 . instances 

of a disposition as s[ ] they were very Quiet during 

the War when an E [ | might have been of some Service 

but now that [ ] formal peace with all the 

Nations which it is crime [ ] English name to 

infringe, these Ignorant people [ revenge for 

past Injuries are for falling on all Small [ 
have declared they will do so, without reflecting [ 

[ '] 

A. L. S. 
Onondaga Falls 23 rd . Aprill 1766 

] favor of the 6 th Instant, which [ 
] at the same time told me he had forw [ 
] which I hope e'er this is come to 

I have taken all the Steps necessary to 
] Service & Accept of your Appointment 
| of my Wishes. Serving under a Man wh[ 
the Publick Weal & in whom there is [ 

1 The rest of the letter destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 195 

[ ] Spite of my design the Overflowings of a 

grateful [ ] I am poor in thanks yet If could 

express [ ] too like the Strain of the world 

address'd to men [ ]t to Actions by which I 

hope more fully to [ ] poorness of my expression 

[ ] day break I abandon this post & remain at 

Ontario [ ]m you I expect a Letter from Colonel 

Vaughan 1 [ ] you if necessary. In passing this 

place he neither [ ] drink & Scarce refresh'd 

himself at Ontario. According [ ] in writing 

my request to retire & also to wait on [ ]d 

at Ontario two hours after his he was Sailed [ ] 

back by Contrary Winds he has let me know I [ ] 

on his Arrival at Niagara however he has verbally 

Jssistance to retire on the most advantageous terms 
] as a Soldier, If I should wish my Com- 
mission [ ] date. I remain 

Your most oblidged 

Most obedient humble Servant 

B Roberts 

[ ] for 

] paper sent by 
[ ]ed oppertunity 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 311, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of April 25th from William Darlington, 
New York, about articles sent and to be sent; Sir William Johnson's 
receipt, the 26th, New York, to Gabriel Maturin for £1327, 10s, 9d, 
payment of annexed account of disbursements for the Indians to the west- 
ward and for interpreters; a letter of the 28th from William Darlington 
New York, about a church bell and other articles sent per Mr Adams, 
two men servants obtained by Francis Wade of Philad'a for Johnson Hall, 

1 Lieutenant Colonel John Vaughan, of the 46th regiment. 

196 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a painting, Susannah and the Two Elders, presented to Johnson by 
Darlington, and Pitt's speech, inclosed ; one of May 1 st from George 
Croghan, Philadelphia, to General Gage (duplicate), concerning non- 
payment for goods bought by Croghan of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 
on instructions from Gage, tendering his resignation of office; one of 
the 2d from P. Silvester, Albany, regarding action taken for Mrs 
Schuyler against a debtor, also suits undertaken for Johnson against 
delinquents; one of the 2d from Ab'm Yates Jun'r, Albany, acquainting 
with the discharge of Johannis Aid and the amount of costs; one of the 
2d from Joh's Vanderheyden, Albany, regarding his suit against Joh's 
Alter, whose release he has ordered on Johnson's promise to assume 
Alter's debt; one of the 2d from William Darlington, New York, about 
some servants lately in General Gage's employ, now sent up to Johnson 
Hall, and money remitted to Colonel George Croghan at Philadelphia; 
one of the 3d to Mr Perthuis, concerning the anxiety of the latter about 
the promise received from Mr Chabert; one of the 3d to Governor 
Murray on the propriety of restricting trade to posts where inspection can 
be maintained; one of the 3d from William O'Brien, New York, announc- 
ing the intended journey of Lady Susan and himself to Niagara Falls, 
Montreal and Quebec, in the course of which they hope to see Sir William 
but shall not be able to visit Johnson Hall. 



Johnson hall May 3 d 1766 

[A letter] I have received from M r Croghan gives me [an 
opportunity which] I much wanted of opening a Correspondence 
[with you. I have] been speaking to him lately concerning 
the advantages resulting from] forming a Settlement at the 
Uinois & when he told [me] that man[y gentlemen were] de- 
sirous of Engaging therein, he has now [wrote to me on the Sub- 
ject] & Enclosed me a Copy of the Scheme & by his Letter 
I find that you & I are [intended to have shares] As the use & 
benefit of such [a Settlement as] well to the Crown as the parties 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. Burned portions are supplied from 
a copy printed in Collections of the Illinois Stale Historical Library, 
1 1 :224-26, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 197 

concerned is [evidently pointed out] I cannot refuse my con- 
sent altho' it has been a[lways my practise] to avoid engaging 
in Lands to the Great Loss of [my family, neither] have I a foot 
of Land from the Indians. 

There is little doubt but the intended Settlement may be 
[productive] of a Regular Civil Government in that Valuable 
Coun[try, and this] without doing Violence to, or overreaching 
the Indian wh[ich from] Sentiments of policy as well as Justice 
should be always [caujtiously avoided, — M r Croghan writes 
that it is Intended to [interest] some Gentlemen of influence at 
home therein (of which I gre[atly approve] ) & that it is desired 
I should mention some, I am extremely [Sensible] both of the 
honor & kindness intended by referring [a nomi] nation to me, & 
therefore I take the Liberty of proposing [Lord] Adam Gordon, 
& Gen 1 . Gage as Two and I think the [Quan]tity designed may 
admit of Two more tho' I will not take [upon me] to mention 
any others, and I have some reason to believe [that the] Noble- 
man and Gentleman I mention will incline to the [proposal] 
& have some Interest to forward the General Scheme [I cann]ot 
but Greatly approve of the Judicious manner in which the [pro- 
posals] are drawn up, and which I cannot add to, or alter 
[otherwise] than with regard to the bounds of the intended 
Col[ony] which may possibly be [deemed at home as too exten- 
sive] Notwithstanding the Just [reasons assigned for it in the 
proposals] I would therefore be humbly of [opinion that to 
guard against] that Exception it might be submitted to his 
Majesty whether] he chose that, or a more Limited Tract [not 
to extend so far North] however I only take upon [me Just 
to him this referring] it entirely to your Consideration, & [that 
of the Gent n concerned] 

M r . Croghan tells me that [it is intended to request] my 
Approbation in form, pre[vious to its being sent] home and I 
am of the same Opinion as I [can the better recommend] the 
Affair to the consideration of the Ministry [which I shall do] 
in the Strongest terms — 

198 Sir William Johnson Papers 

This Moment I received you[r favor of the 15 th ] ult°. with 
the Enclosures concerning the Murder of [the Oneida Indian] 
on which head the Ind s . sent me belts some [days ago, and are] 
very uneasy, the rather as they have reason [to apprehend from] 
the Conduct of several of the frontier Inhabitants [of the] 
neighbouring Colonies, that many more will [share the same 
fate] for the Resentment of these people [seems so prevalent] 
that it will be Extremely difficult for Governm'. [to prevent them 
from] Insulting the Ind s . & more so to curb the resentment of the 
[Latter who will certainly] go ab*. to redress themselves unless 
some thing effectual be done. — [at least to prevent] the Like 
for the future for this is only one afmongst several Instances of 
the like Nature lately Com]mitted on the Neighbouring 
frontiers [and you know the Ind s .] make little distinction of 
pers [ons or provinces when] full of Resentment. 

[I hope your] good intentions to obtain them Satisfaction 
may prove succes]sfull, and you may be Assured of my g[ood 
Offices for your] Service or for preserving the Tranq [uillity of 
the] Province. — 


Johnson hall May 3 d . 1766 

]eived your favor of the 20 th . ult°. and 
I [ ] nee of your friendship that you comm [ 

]ms to me, on which Subject I shall be very 
] r advice may be of any Service to you and 
I th [ink ] you should consider the interests of an 

encreasing [family ] are so many Tracts of Land 

almost unpeopled [ ] or mistaken notions of 

the Proprietors, that we can [ ] benefit from Lands 

to be taken up, for the prese [ ] the Inhabitants 

of this Country breed fast vast Additions 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1 7 63- J 774 199 

from Europe, they must doubtless [ Value 

hereafter. — There are certainly some Situations [ 

to others from which the present Generation might reason [ 

] recieve some Advantages, and these are on [the 
navigab]le Rivers, or where there are Tracts Contiguous to them 
] settled, in such Cases a Vacancy at a dis- 
tance from a [ ] may answer well, as one 
Settlement always promotes [ ] but above all a Market 
for the produce is to be consid [ The Ohio 
is a Very fine Country but wants the latter ad[ 
distance, & I suppose would meet with much opposition | 

] of M r Penns Jurisdiction, for according to the plan 
of the Lords [of Trade] (now greatly approved of) certain 
boundaries are to be [ ] throughout the Provinces 

in my District beyond which [ whatsoever is to 

proceed, & as I daily Expect to be fully impow[ered to settle] 
this boundary I apprehend nothing can be done till then 
way — The Western parts of this province bid 
fairly for the [ ]t Settlements, whether we consider 

the Situation, or the Extr [aordinary fertility] of the Soil & 
there is a great deal of Land Yet Vacant [ ] the 

Mohock & Hudson Rivers which will soon be of good V[ 

] I have not a foot in possession from the Indians and 
have been very [ them on so tender a point Yet I 

believe I might Effect [uate But I have Just 

now heard [ ] are desirous to make an 

Applicat[ ] which appears to me as the 

Power of the Crown, — I shall not 

] many advantages that Country 1 has 

] getting it speedily Settled so as in 

time [ ] but only say that if his Majesty 

w[ ] it may be effected, and as I am impowered 

[ ] to Add to the Number 2 if you [ ] 

1 The Illinois country. 
■ Of the shareholders. 

200 Sir William Johnson Papers 

do all I can to have the Affair Settled agreable to [ 

As this was only hinted to me [ in 

a Private Way I should not mention it [ ] beside 

yourself because I have reason to [ have their 

Eyes on that Valuable Country, bad use of 

it. I have no other motive than [ Affair 

and I don't know a better Quarter for [ | to 

the Quality & Situation of that Country [ Expect 

the favor of your Answer concerning it, 
be agreable to you, I hope I need not to info[rm you 
may freely Command all my thoughts, [ | concerning 

any other Quarter to the utmost of my 

I have not heard Lately from M r Cro[ghan Expect 

he is Set out on his Journey, as I have [ Instructions 

sometime ago. I have also sent the and shall be 

Glad to have it in my power to s[end Niagara without 

Loss of time. — 

I don't recollect whether I w[rote Application 

made Lately to me agt a Claim of [M r . Grant to the ] Exclusive 
Trade & property about La Baye, un[ I need not 

enlarge upon it as I understand the A[ but I 

really think it cannot be admitted of with [ Trade 

as well as infringing the Laws. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York May 5"' 1766 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Favor of /7 th Ul mo . by the Hands of 
Lieu*. Magra, 1 ' with an Account inclosed, but there is at present 
no Money to be had, tho' it's Said we shall have Plenty soon 
for Bills on England. 

1 In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Lieutenant Perkins Magra, of the 1 5th regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 201 

I hope M r . Croghan is set forward, and that he will have 
received your Instructions, 1 particularly about the Affair con- 
cerning the Shawnese and Kikapous. The former are not Satis- 
fied; I have seen a Letter from Fort-Pitt, by which I see the 
Chiefs of the Shawnese are consulting what to do, and are appre- 
hensive least their young-men should strike, before they come 
to a Decision. M r . Croghan may possibly be able to settle that 
Matter to advantage. 

I am realy vexed at the Behavior of the Lawless Banditti 
upon the Frontiers, and what aggravates the more, is, the Diffi- 
culty to bring them to Punishment. The true Cause of which, 
is not the Excuses we get when Complaints are made to the 
Governors, of their flying from Province to Province, rescued 
by their Comrades &c a . The Disorder lyes in the Weakness 
of the Governments to enforce obedience to the Laws, and in 
some, their Provincial Factions run so high, that every villain 
finds some powerfull Protector. I find it's in vain to complain 
and I have laid an Account of the Murders you write about and 
what you Say upon them before the Secretary of State; which 
will go by this Packet, and have given a full Relation of all 
their Lawless Proceedings, and what may be expected from 
them unless a stop is put to them. 

There is a vile Crew indeed in these Parts capable of any 
Thing; what they could mean by their Belts to the 5 Nations 
they can best tell. Did they think to make the Indians compre- 
hend the Stamp Act? The most they could have done would 
have been to excite them to war against all the English; the 
Indians would not have understood it in any other Manner. 

You will best know from the Transactions you can have with 
the Indians at Ontario, whether a Commissary will be Neces- 
sary at that Post. Detroit & Missilimakinak seem to require 

1 General Gage's instructions to George Croghan are in the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, and are printed in the Collections of the Illinois 
Slate Historical Library, 1 1 :215-l 7. They bear date of April 16th. 

202 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them the most from the Great Number of Indians which we are 
told resort thither for Trade. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 . 

INDORSED: May 5 th . 1766 

From Gen 1 . Gage 


Peter Gronn £3" 5' 

Nich* Shafer 5" — " 

Hendk. Haan 3" 5" 

Godfrid Shoe 3" 13" J 


A. L. S. 

New york the 6 May 1766 
[ ]rSir 

Last have had not Particoular Detisit 
England, Except that there is good hope [ 
] Stamp Act will be repeald, the bill had only [ 
] e in the house of Lords, the next Packet [ ] ng 

us the Desird and eager Expected news [ ]ntier repeal 

which I wish for the Happi [ ] of this Country as also 

for that of great Britain. [ ] My Wife writes me that 

She has now a then the [ ]our to See Sir John John- 

son, he dined with [ ] 15 feb? a then was perfectly 


My affairs are so extensive that I have n [ 
able to begin my Journey So Soon as I intendet, [ ]abably 

Shall not be able to Leave New yorck before the 25 Instant & 

1 A memorandum independent of the letter. 

Post-War Period, J 7 63-17 7 4 203 

then I fear I shall not have the h [ ] you at home, as 

according to what I [ ] you propose a Journey to 

Niagara [ ] would Permit me to make you a 

] & to accompany. Lady Susan 
& M r Obrian 

Capt Williams who will Deliver [ ] will inform 

you by word of mouth [ ] Late Disturbances, which 

I hope will [ ] of our Poleticians Sensible, 

that no Co[ ] be governd, without Military assistance 

] must have no Knowledge of the Genious of 
[ ] if he thinks otherwise. 

I have with the greatest Pleasure [ by 

D r Magrais that you were Perfectly [ ] of 

your Late Illness & enjoyd good health [ God 

preserve it to you for a great [number] of years to the joye 
of your famillys & advanta [ 

welfare & happeness will Contribute [ ] ntation 

of mine, as I have the [ ] to be with the greatest 

Respect [ ]ent 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed' humble Servant 

Peter Hasenxlever 

A. L. S. 

[Philad'a 6 th ] May 1766 

] Croghan to direct & forw [ 

] his departure from hence w [ 

] me a bill on you for £339.10 viz'. 

] and one on Capt". Clawes for 

Johnstons note for Cash borrow [ he said 

he made no doubt you wou[ld ]ng the Acc r . as 

I have at present ]e post Can only advise 

204 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you I [ ]y possession taken in settleing 

] with a good hand shall take the [ 
] for your Acceptance, when I make 
] one payment as soon as posable [ 
servants which you'l know by the [ ] the other, 

small Expences attending [ ]n must refer untill 

some other [ ] forms me you intend incloseing 

his [ ]me which you may depend I shall [ 

] with the Utmost Expedition when [ 
any Consequence so that there may [ sen] ding an 

Exspress no doubt you'l ad[ ] offers of servise 

this way. 

Dear Sir 

Your most Oblig'd Hhble Serv 1 

Fran s . Wade 
[ ] Johnson Barn 1 


The Honble S r WilK Johnson Barn' 

Johnson Hall 


A. L. S. 

Detroit 7 th May 1766 

] had the pleasure of writing to You [ 
]ce since w ch . I hope You have 
] that by the time I am favour'd | 
whether I succeed M r Marsh as S[ecretary ] 

vious Winter here; ab*. Feb>\ two of our [ 

by the Poutowatimees Our Comandant d [ 
Scout after them but they gott off after [ 
] Party of them some Miles fr m the [ ] 

& thirty Men who fell in w ,h . them ab l . [ ] 

Fort who fir'd on them w ch . they dispers'd how [ever 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


| Prisoners which are kept as Hostages till 
] up the Murderers, those Ind s have sent | 
posals to y e CoR to make it up being [ 
our Men being so ready to go out [ 
arriv'd yesterday f m . Miamis who says | 


there w th . Pondiac & his Band wa [ 

] is Quiet 
] but dont meddle 
in the Quarrel of the s l . [Joseph ] also that the last 

Nam'd Ind s . gather every now & then thro fear of being 
] Garrison or Pitsbourg they b [ 
] the Difference : 'twill be a gre [ 
] ven'd the Ind s . this way by a M [essenger 
Oswego. One M r . Crawford arriv'd yesterday [ ] 

Poutowatimees you were not Acqu[ ]vious 

before possibly they would have [ 
Sterling's Reg f . is Con[ 

Innocent Squaw [ 

is thought that will no[ 

Hostile Aggression that | 

Wiaw. that another | 

Chartres. We hear I 

wish for [ 

pleasure of 

trip down [ 

We sha [ 

Antony [ 


] invitation. M r . 

] the Murder of an 

Poutowatimees but it 

] or Aggravate the 

] ag sf . Us We hear also f rm . 

] join the Reg*, at F*. 

] Being Resist'^ tho devoutly 

| of such News that I might have y c 

at Oswego before I make a second 

of S*. Lawrence where tis supposd 

] L f . Breehm 1 read a Letter f m . D r . 

informs him Y r . Son is Created Baronet 

] gratulate you & him & also Your whole f [ 

]r Rejoice'd at Yours & their Advancement 

Always Y r . most [ 

R. Shu[ 



1 Lieutenant Dietrich Brehm, of the 62d (60th) regiment. 

206 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall May 9*. 1766 
Dear Sir 

I heartily thank You for your last letter and have heard Since 
from Capt n . Ogden who informs me that he gives up all thoughts 
of Wioming. I shall therefore Write him, & to my freinds in 
London as Soon as I have a little leisure. 

The Pacquet has only brought me a letter from my Son which 
contains little news but what the papers have informed You, So 
that I have nothing to say on that Subject, possibly your letters 
may be more particular, It seems M r . Pitts Speech has not been 
verry agreably received by many, but it had some weight in the 
House when he made it, & It seems beyond a Doubt now that 
the Act will be repealed. 

I am glad his Majesty did Justice to your Scituation which I 
think was critical considering y e . Violence of the People, I wish 
everry Governour may support the dignity of the Crown in a 
becoming Manner, without being diverted from his Just purposes 
by any party. 

Co". Vaughan spent part of a Day here on his Way up, Spoke 
warmly of your spirited conduct, but did not enlarge on other 

I shall be verry glad to hear from You whether You have 
news, or not, for, as our Correspondence is founded in freindship, 
it will be always Sufficient Satisfaction to me to hear of your 
health & happiness of both which I wish You a long enjoyment, 
& that You may always beleive me to be with the utmost regard 

Dear Sir Your Sincere Freind 
& Affec". Humble Servant 

The Honourable W M . JOHNSON 

L T . Gov R . Colden 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. The draft 
injured by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


the [ 

ascertain | 


[Carlisle, May 10, 1766] 

] 120. 0. 

£860. 0. 
] Cumberland County ss 

] before me William Lyon Esq r . one 
] of the peace for the said County 

] sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty 

] that at the time of the breaking out of 

] the Indians at La bay 

] amounting to Eight Hundred and 

] Losses as near as he can 

| & all his Books & Papers 


Dennis Crohon 

Df. 2 


comply [ 

the p[ 

them a peru[sal 
variety of business 
returning them. 

Johnson hall May 10 th . 1766 

]ble Letter is Just come to my hands in 

] send you by the first safe Opportunity 

] no other use for them than to give 

of my esteemed friend, but my 

prevented me from 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

208 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am Much Obliged to Coll. Maunsells good intentions 

] my Son and to you for introducing him to 
that family [ ] friendship will doubtless be 

agreable & Advantagious to [ | has had the Good 

fortune to meet with some Notice from [ ] Master, 

& much kindness from persons of the first Distin[ 

] flatter myself he will make a proper use of the 
great opport[ ]ed for his Improvemt, I have had 

a Letter from him fr [ r' Last pacquet but it contained 

Little news, I expect [ ] his time in Ireland, from 

whence he is to return by way of [ ]nd to London. 

This is not a Country for news, & those of the ] t 

you are doubtless acquainted with, so that I cannot do [my] 
self the pleasure to add any thing on that head. 

I heard of the death of M r . Stillwell with Concern [ 
he was a Gentleman of Merit & Worth & one for whom I had 
| A man of Spirit must receive a deep impression of 
Injury [ ] notwithstanding the disagreable Situation 

in which he died [it must] be a great satisfaction to you to find 
that his character [ | in the Esteem of his friends, I am 

heartily sorry that M r [ ] Likely to be a burden on 

his Estate. 

| me Leave Madam, to present you the Complim 1 *. of 
my | | & to Assure you of the perfect Esteem with which 

I am 
[ ] NSELL 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


william Darlington's invoice of stores 


New York, May 12, 1766 
]rded Sir William [Johnson] 

] 75/ 
] 50/ 

] 2/2 ... 

New York 6 th Ap 

: 1766 

52 10 

10 - 

15 8 
6 15 

9 2 
10 19 

12: 8: 
10: 5: 


] 4/6 ... 




] 10 N. 
] Barrell 



] 18 d ... 


] 2/ .... 

4: 6:6 

Cash . . 



] 6/6 ... 




] 6/9 





] for Cap 

Claus . 



] 6'/ 2 .... 

] 16<* ... 


] packing 




Sir William Johnson Papers 


6 6 

[ ] 436 11 n'9 d 





] r of the Best Tick & Hair . . 

18: -:- 

2: 8:- 


12: - 

[ ] 2/ 

5: -:- 

- 2:- 


2: - 



[ ]m 22/ 

2: 4:- 

- 1:3 

- -:9 

- 16 - 

- 6 - 


]th a Cover 

1: 2:- 


1 doz large [ 

1 doz [ 

1 doz d[ 

1 doz [ 

8 pudding pans Sorted 

1 Small Bag Red Clover Seed 

4 doz Enameld Cups & Saucers [ 

for Package 

One Box Contains Viz 1 . 

6 Cues 


6 Maces 


6 hats 


6 Ivory Balls 


1 M Brass Nails 


1 p\ Green Binding 


Post-War Period, 1763-/774 


2 doz. Screws 

6 Brass pocket Frames 

6 pockets 

One Barrell Rum, D Claus 32|/2 Gallons 

One Bell 

Carting 2 brass Gudgeons for f 
Charges Viz 
Cash paid Cooperage, Cartage, Casks & c 
25* One Cash Metheglin 32 Gal 

One Quarter Cask Lisbon Wine 
Two Quarter Casks Madeira 
One Bell for a Church 

Two M Marvells 12/ 

Six Battledores 3/ 

Two doz Shuttle Cocks 6/ 

One Common pray r Book 

'Six Yards printed Linnen 6/ 
Six 11 Tea 7/ [ 

] Johnson Esq r ^ Bag for T [ 

M r . Deals Account of Gar- 
den Seeds 
M r . Deals Account of Seeds & Counterpains "] 
for Cap' Claus J 

To Cash Advanced the Servants from Phil a 
To d° Advanced to Smith & his Wife 
To 2 doz Buck handled knives & forks 1 5/ 

1 Garden Line 
4011 Honey 8 d r 1 It 
Cooperage Cartage &c 
New York 12 th May 1766 

Errors Excepted 

William Darlington 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York, May 12, 1766 

Commiss]ions due from [Sii 

■ William Johnson] 

[ ]net to William Darlington 

] your Account Current Rendered 

[ ] as per d° 


[ ] 5 th Feb. d° 


[ ] 14 th July d° 


[ ] Novem d° 


[ ] 1 763 July d° 


] d° Decern d° 


[ ] 1764 March d° 


[ ] d° May d° 


] d° October d° 


[ ] d° 1765 January d° 


[ ] d° d° July d° 


[ ] d° 1 766 Feb d° 


[ ] d° May d° 


] Com: On d° 5 ^ Cent is 

247: 8: 

[ ] Marselis the 14 th . July 1763 

[ ] Prym 21 d° 

[ ] Hogan 3 1 Jany 1 764 

]am Marsh Esq r . March 

[ ] y Cuyler Jan? 1 765 

] Conyn Esq r Order 

[ ] Moffatt 

[ ] Marselis Ap: 18 th . 

[ ] d° July 30 th 

] Rob*. Adams System 

Hen: Ten Eyck Jun r . October 2 d 

| John Johnson Esq r . d 

[ ] W m . Lupton : Cap' Claus Draft 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 213 

] Henry Bogard Octo : 2 1 st 

] M'. Phyn Nov: 20 th 

] Croghan Esq r . Order 

]n Duncan Esq r . d° 

] iam & Rob*. Stanhouse, d° 
] Jacob Hen Ten Eyck Decern 23 d . 
] Col: Geo: Croghan Jan. 18 th . 1766 

] nt of Cash remitted, Com : On d° 

@2(/ 2 pO 122:19: 

placed to Debit in Acco' 

Current £670: 7: 

[ ] York 1 2* May 1 766 

Errors Excepted 

William Darlington 
I charged y e . Crown with only £[ 

INDORSED: Commission Account 
from M r . Darlington 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall May I2 lh . 1766 
[ ] Frank/ 

please to let the Bearer have a Two 
Gallon Cag full of Rum on my Ace". 

[ConraJdt Frank Esq r . 

INDORSED: to Sir william Johns 

ist noch mitt ein Geben 

these rechnung 
2 Gallen Room 6/0 
the Galle mitenen fasge 
thuth 14 Schillng 

I am Yours 

W M . Johnson 

214 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar p. 3 1 2 are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: George Croghan's account of losses by the 
Indians in 1763, deposition before Francis Campble, dated May 13; 
and an undated memorandum of Mr Croghan's goods. 


A. L. S. 

[New York, /5" 1 ] May 1766 

[ ] received Your Letter of the 25 th . of March, 

upon [ ] meeting of the Proprietors called to con- 

sider of [ ] by the Indians — It was then agreed 

That [ ] an of this City and Cap 1 . Dowe, or either of 

] upon You, in order to Treat further about [ 
and if possible to Conclude it — 

]ch Obliged to You for the Pains You have 
] promise this Dispute; and are persuaded that 
] will not be wanting, to bring the Indians to 
] s You shall think just and equitable — We 
] , for the sake of Peace, made very large Conces- 
sions [ The Gentlemen We have appointed will, 
we hope [finish] the Matter before they Return — 
We are 


Your most Obedient 

and very humble Servants 
Adr n . Bancker Jun r . Benj n . Kissam 

John M: Beeckman Adrian Renaudet 

Antho Van Dam 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



Albany [ 

to you [ 
as I [ 
Sensible of 
that your [ 

LS (initials) 

Johnson hall May 17 th . 1766 

] hearing of your being on the road for 
C]laus to meet you there & pay my respects 
] much concern that my State of health, and 
affjairs prevented us from having an Interview, 
myself the hopes of, I am Extremely 
]ship and Civility, and heartily sorry 
counjtry is to be so short as to deprive me 
] Conversing with you. — 
Capt Claus has told me of your polite Offers of [ 

] any Letters of mine in England, but as you intend to 
] so soon I fear it will be out of my power to 
avail [ ] If of so good an Opportunity. — 

It will give me a particular pleasure at [ 
time to hear of your health & prosperity, or to receive | 
Commands on any Subject wherein I can be of the [ ] llest 

Service to you. — I heartily wish you an Agreable [ 
Safe arrival in EngR & beg you will present my best Compli- 
ments | ] est Good Wishes to M rs . Burton, and believe 
that I ]11 Always be with perfect Esteem D r . Sir, 

Your Sincere Friend & 

Very humble Serv' 

W J. 

I Gen l Burton 

216 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson-hall May 17 th . J 766 
Dear Sir 

I have Just received your favor of the 5 th . inst and am very 
sorry to find that Money is so Scarce, as it Lays me under great 
inconveniencys at present, — I hope you will shortly have it in 
your power to Oblige me with it — . 

M r Croghan is doubtless on his way & will do what he can 
in the Affair of the Shawanese & Kickapous, on which head I 
wrote to him some time ago. 

I am entirely of your opinion concerning the behavior of the 
Frontier people. We owe the continuance of their irregularities 
to our Inability in the Executive parts of Governm 1 with which 
these banditti, are well acquainted, I am Extremely glad you 
have laid these matters before the Secretary of State, and I hope 
they will be taken into Consideration, & a Remedy provided, 
without which it will be impossible to keep peace in the Country. 
And those Likewise deserve a Severe punishment who would 
go about to interest Indians in a dispute which as you justly 
observe was above their Comprehension, & therefore the result 
might have been a General War with them, but till a Proper 
System is finally determined, & bounds set to the inclinations of 
many people in the Colonies, we can not Expect much Success 
in our Negociations especially whilst every Interested Individual 
has it in his power by Words or Actions to Counteract the pro- 
ceed 8 , of a Gen 1 , a Superintendant or any other person in Office. 

INDORSED: May 17 th . 1766 
To Gen 1 . Gage 
Sir W m Johnson 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City; in hand- 
writing of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 217 


Johnson hall May 17 ih 1766 

] delivered me your Excellencys Letter of the 
] the Tract of Land he is desirous of purchas[ 

] have no objection as the same is intended to be 

]cted to the Satisfaction of the Indians, which 

I [ ] will always have in View in such Transactions 

] has pointed out to me the place [ 
tion is desired, the Oneidas whose property it is 
deal with on that Score, neither are they fond of 
as they perceive the disadvantages which other Tribes | 
of disposed of so much, but I hope as matters are intended to 
Jed that all will do well, & probably my presence 
at the Transaction agreable [to the Lor]ds of Trades plan may 
be conducive thereto 

I wrote to you a few days ago, and I am Extremely glad 

] find that you intend Visiting this part of the Country, 

| afford me an opportunity of paying My respects to 

you [ ]on, or possibly of seeing you at my Wild 

habitation. — 

I am with the utmost Esteem 
[Sir H. Moo] re Bart. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 313, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: an account of losses from Indian depredations 
met by John Ormsby in 1 763, deposition before Jas. Maxwell, dated 
May 1 7 ; and a letter, undated, from John Watts, New York, introduc- 
ing Mr. Cooper (president of the college) and exhibiting pleasure at the 
repeal of the Stamp Act. 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

218 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York 19 l K May 1766 

Understanding that there are to be a Congress [consist] ing 
of Sundry Indian Nations at Fort Ontario [ 
Summer; I should therefore be very glad, if [ es]timate could 
be sent of their Numbers with a Sup [ ] how long they 

may continue there: both of which [wou]ld enable me the 
better how to compute the Quantity [ ] Provisions 

wanted? being sensible that the common [allowance given has 
never as Yet been thought sufficient [ ] them. — 

We have no News of certainty, else [ 
would have done myself the honour to have hin[ted the 

heads of them. — 

I am with great Respect 
Hon bIe . Sir 

Your Most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

Rob t Leake, Commy 
[ ] William Johnson Bar 1 . 


A. L. S. 

New York May 23 d . 1766. 

] Bearer hereof M r . Wetherhead is a Friend of 
mine [ ] take your Sentiments, respecting a pur- 

chase [ ] to be made of one of the five Nations, 

and to crave [ ] ce and Assistance therein — I am 

informed his [Excellency the] Governor is inclined to make the 
Purchase, and to fav[or associates with a Grant, and 

that the Indians are | | the Lands to them. 

It would bespeak a Want of that Confidence I ought 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 219 

] Friendship, did I not acquaint you that I am 
myself [interested in] the Application, as I cannot but assure 
myself you [ ] afford me your friendly aid herein, 

not only on my [ ]t, but as Officer of the Govern- 

ment illy supported, an [ ] had much Trouble in the 

Affairs of these very [ do]es not stand before them as 

an indifferent Purchaser. 

Let me take this Opportunity of acknowledging the 
[receipt] of £114.11.6 by the Hands of M r . Mortier, being 
the [ ] of the Costs in Klocks Affair, and the two 

Ejectments [ ] the Tenants of the Connajoharie Indians, 

(except in the [ ] Causes the Council Fees usually 

allowed for attending [ ] , which I presume were by 

some Mistake omitted [ ]tting the Accounts in order 

to their passing for Payment if this be the Case I imagine it is 
too late to [ ] about the Middle of February, and 

should have [ ] but I have been much out of Town, 

and greatly must express how much I am obliged 

to you for | ] have had in that Business — 

Tis a long Time since I heard [ ] you 

respecting the Kayoderosseras Patent, — I [ ] 

Indians have accepted a Pecuniary Satisfaction [ ] 

obliged to you to inform me whether it be so, least [ the 

Stamp Act] is repealed, and we shall soon go on with Business 
I | not proceeding according to the Order I formerly 

rece [ ] 

I am 

Dear Sir 

with great Res[ 

Your much [ 

most humble | 

J. T. Kem[pe] 

220 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York 24*. May 1766 — 

When I had the Honor of waiting [on you at] Johnson Hall, 
you were pleased to tell me that in Case [ who] was 

then Engaged to you did not Answer your purpose [ 
Employ me, and as M r . William Darlington has [ 
so Informed me that you discharged M r . Arthor [ 
offer myself a Candidate for the said Vacancy, which 
so ha]ppy as to Obtain I shall so far as my Abilities 
en]deavour to meet your Aprobation by a Faithfull 
of such Trust as you may be pleased to repose 
in [ ] 

You shall upon the Shortest notice be [ ] on with 

very unexceptionable Recommendations [ ]ect to my 

Conduct and Abilities in Book Keeping [ 

by sir 

Your Honors 

Most Obedient & 

most Humble serv'. 

John Kelly 
[ ] William Johnson B r 


A. L. S. 1 

Abingdon street, Westminster, May-26-1766 

Having received letters from D r Smith of Philadelphia & 
M r Barton of Lancaster, signifying your willingness to become 
a Member of the Society for propagating the Gospel in foreign 

In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 221 

Parts, I am desired to acquaint you, that they think themselves 
very happy in your favourable Opinion of their proceedings, 
& with great pleasure embrace the opportunity of inserting your 
name among their Members. 

It has long been our earnest desire to give the Indians proper 
instruction & a sense of Religion. M r Cornelius Bennet hath for 
some time been employed as our Catechist among the Mohawks : 
M r Wood in Nova Scotia hath been encouraged to learn the 
Mickmack Language, & hath made a great progress therein; 
& M r M. Graves hath been desired to procure a Schoolmaster 
for the Narraganset Indians; But these things reach but a little 
way. I am therefore to request the favour of your advice & 
direction for some Scheme of a more extensive Nature. M r 
Wheelock's design is a noble One, which we rejoyce much in; 
but this is in a way particular to his own persuasion which tho' 
we commend highly yet we cannot support in our Contributions; 
our Benefactions being appropriated to the service of the Church 
of England. 

Whatever advice You will favour us with will be received 
with the greatest regard & attention. 

I am, Worthy Sir, with real respect 

Y r most Obed' bumble Servant 

D Burton 
INDORSED: Abbingdon Street Westminster 

May 26< h . 1 766 — 

Letter from D r Burton 

Secry. to y e . Society for y e . 

propagation of y e . gospel 

222 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Extract of a Letter from the Society for propagating the Gospel 
in Foreign Parts, to M r . Barton of Lancaster 1 

Abingdon Street, Westminster, May 26 th . 1766 

The Society highly approve M r . Wheelock's Scheme for in- 
structing & civilizing the Indians, & think it will be attended 
with the most beneficial Consequences. I have seen M r . Occum, 
who is come over to England to solicit Subscriptions for it, & 
hear he will meet with very great Encouragement : But you must 
be sensible, that tho' we are extremely desirous to forward every 
Work for the Support of Religion, yet we cannot give our Con- 
tributions to those who are not of our own Persuasion ; the Money 
that is intrusted in our Hands, being appropriated to the Service 
of the Church of England : However, the Design itself is a most 
laudable one, what we rejoice at, & think highly worthy of our 
Imitation: And we desire your Opinion, what Method of a 
like kind you would have us pursue. — M r . Mat: Graves of 
New London hath desired that a School-Master may be ap- 
pointed for the Narraganset-Indians: The Society readily 
accepted his proposal & has given him Authority to find out & 
employ a Person for that Service. But this is only a small & 
contracted Affair, in Comparison of what you propose: And 
therefore we desire you to consult with Sir William Johnson, 
to whom we shall write upon the same Occasion, about a more 
enlarged Scheme. Would M r . Cornelius Bennet, who hath for 
some Time been employ'd by the Society as a Catechist to the 
Mohawk Indians, be a proper Person to undertake a Work of 
the like Nature with M r . Wheelock? I know but little of him; 
but his Recommendations were extremely good, & I believe he 
has answer'd them 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. Inclosed in letter of 
October 31, 1766 from Thomas Barton to Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 223 

The Society think themselves very happy in having Sir Wil- 
liam Johnson for a Member, to whose Advice we shall be always 
ready to pay the greatest Regard & Attention &c. &c. — 

I am Your affectionate Brother, 
And very humble Servant — 

Sign'd — Daniel Burton 
P. S. I have directed my Letter to 
Sir William Johnson — at 

New York 


the Society to 
M r . Barton of Lancaster 

A. L. S. 

N. York 26 May 1766 

inclojsed is the Deputation agreable [ 
] transmitted to me by Capt. M c Leod 
| the seal also, but it will not [ 
] st Week. We were much puzled | 
Lodge; as you gave no particular [ abo]ut it, S'. 

Patricks we thought would [ acceptable, especially 

as there is no[ ] here I imagine you will not 

me [ ] ons among Your Neighbours ; however [ 

be the Means of sociale Evenings and [ ] served 

Conversation in your new Resid[ pr]esent my 

Respects to your worthy Ward [ens assu]red of the sincere 
Wishes for your & [ ] of Sir 

Your most obed f . & 

very humble Serv'. 
Peter Middleton 

224 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York May the 27 ih 1766 
Mr John Kelly having applied to [me for] a Recommenda- 
tion to You as a Person [ qualified to serve You as a 
Clerk which Offi [ce Informed is become vacant, I take 
the Liberty [ ] write to You in his behalf, as I think, 
from [ ] Characte I have heard of him and the Cer- 
tificate | Given him by those Gentlemen with whom 
he has served as Testimonies of his Character and Capacity, 
that he will be a proper Person to serve you in the office of Clerk 
I heartily Congratulate you on the Repeal of the Stamp Act 
and am 

with great Respect 

Your most obed* humble Ser 1 . 

James De Lancey 
] ble Sir W m . Johnson Bar*. 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall May 27 th . 1766 
Dear Sir/ 

I have rec d . both y r . favours of y e . 16 th . & 19 th . Ins 1 ., y e . latter 
with y e . disagreable news of the Murder of the Ind s . at ohio & 
Just before rec d . the Ace", that 2 Soldiers having straggled from 
a party at Riviere Rouge near Detroit ravished a Squaw for 
w h . they were both put to Death by the Womans Husband & 
the rest, that L'. Co 11 . Campbell had Sent out a party who seized 
two Ind s ., & that in the scuffle an Ind n . Child was killed, as yet 
I have not had a more satisfactory Acc u ., & therefore am at a 

In New York State Library. 

Post-War Period , 1763-1774 225 

loss to Judge the event of it, but the Murder on Ohio following 
so close at the heels of that committed at y e . Minissinks, and 
that lately perpetrated between Fort Cumberland & Fort Pitt, 
together with the general conduct of the Frontier Inhabitants are 
realy alarming, & threaten a dangerous breach between us, not- 
withstanding what some of the Indians may say, for in private 
conferrences after affairs of this Nature we Seldom know the 
real sentiments of the Indians, and whatever a few may say who 
are lovers of peace the Majority may take other measures. — 
What I have had occasion often to write on these Like Subjects 
will shew my Sentiments, & the former conduct of the Indians 
on such occasions abundantly Justify my apprehensions. — I 
have represented these things frequently to the government at 
Home & to the governours of the Several Colonies here, but 
there seems to me to be something defective in both, but par- 
ticularly in the power, or execution thereof in the governments 
here, which renders all our designs to apprehend Such People 
abortive, & possibly if they were taken the furious Zeal of the 
prejudiced might prevent them from Suffering y e . punishm*. they 
so Justly deserve, as well in a legal as political sense. — If what 
you have recommended to the Ministry on that subject, and the 
Steps you have taken with the governours, together with what I 
have repeatedly wrote to them myself prove ineffectual, I have 
nothing to do, but to assure the government that it is beyond my 
power to counteract such proceedings, or preserve Tranquility. 

I fear the reports which will be propagated in consequence 
of the late Murders in different Quarters may prevent Pondiac 
&c from coming down, and indeed I wish that may be least ill 
consequence Attending them. — 

M r . Croghan left Philadelphia about y e . 4 th . of this Ins'., I 
find by his letter to me that he is verry uneasy concerning his 
Acc ,,s . and particularly about his bills having been refused as 
he was then Just informed, which he says has greatly hurt his 
Credit, and he begs that some Person may be thought of to 
supply his place so soon as he returns from the Illinois, He 


'O 1 

226 Sir William Johnson Papers 

further adds, that he is verry apprehensive that, that part of your 
Instructions to him, relative to the Lands there, will be pro- 
ductive of the greatest uneasiness to all the Indians in that 
Country. — 

I shall answer y r . letter of the 1 6 th . Ins 1 , as soon as I can write 
with any degree of certainty, In the meantime conclude, 
Dear Sir 

Y r . Most Obedient 

& verry Humble Servant 

W. J — 
INDORSED: Letter from Sir W m . Johnson to 
General Gage 



A. L. S. 

Niagara May 27 lh 1766 

Sir I Arivid heair This 1 5 Instant and [ ] 

the Stand for the Want of House and Shop [ ] the 

Commanding officir heair give not much [ ] Was 

Upon the muving Order and I have [ ] the Com- 

manded We have Now Which is Cap'. [Morris of] 17 Reg f . 
and he Says he has So new Men [ Spair None to 

Assist me in Making a | ] Shop But I have taken the 

Second Reselution | | aplyed for the kings shop in the 

Garison Which is till Such time as M r . Roberts 

Comes up and hou]se to Live in I have from M r . 

fister for the Said [ ] and the tools Which Was Lift 

Was in the Cair of [ De Cougne and he has bin 

Cairles About them | ] ve But he tells me thay Wheair 

taken away by of Major Wilkins and i Belive 

that thay are at fort [ ] By all Accounts but the 

Cunductor tells me | Whear heair I Could not have 

them Without [a rece]p'. and then that your honour Wold have 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 227 

to pay for them Beside which I though Verry Od Since thay 
Had takin a Set It has bin Verrey Disagreabill to Me being 
So Long in Want of Shop and House as I am Come to Work 
for I Want to do Satesfaction to your Honour my inployer and 
them that I am to Work for But as Soon M r . Roberts Comes 
up I hope it Will all be Setteld for it is not a proper place for 
Me to Work in the Garrisson 

Sir I am Your hum e . and Duty full Sar'. 

Jacob Harsin 

[N]B: Sir I hope your honour Will be So good as to thinck 
About provisions as it Merly Onposibill to Do With out for 
heair Is None to be Sold and I am Verry Scharce for i did not 
provide for A twelve Month As I Was Hoping provision Would 
be Grantid to us 

D. S. 1 

May 27 l K 1766 

Know all Men by these presents That I Robert Leake within 

named do by these presents remise release renounce & forever 

disclaim the Executorship of the last Will & Testament of the 

within named Witham Marsh deceased and all Right of Admin- 

istring the Estate of the said Witham Marsh in favour of John 

Morin Scott Esq r . a Creditor of the said Witham Marsh — In 

Witness whereof I have hereunto Set my hand & Seal this twenty 

Seventh day of May in the Year of our Lord 766. 2 

Sealed & delivered in ) _ . 

[ Rob t . Leake 

the presence of ^ 

Gilb t . Burger 

ADDRESSED: Sir Wm Johnson 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 
- So in the text. 

228 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Philad'. 27 th . may 1766 

I wrote you sometime ago respect [ing drafts which] M r . 
Croghan left me on you before [ dep]arture from hence 

and not hav[ing had the plejasure of hearing from you since 
so] me reson to think your Illness which [I] had a 
report of sometime ago Continues [ ] gets to hand in 

time, should be [ ] glad of a few lines when I am in 

hopes [ ] will be a means of Convinceing me you 

[ are ] in a bett r state of health then we h[ave had] Ace', here, 
at the sametime should [be] glad to know your sentiments in 
regard to the bill on you Capt n Clawes &c like [wise] whether 
the servants got safe to hand [ ] pleases you, the last 

Accounts from [M r .] Croghan was from Carlisle which place 
] has left before now, Capt n . Gordon Ch[ief] 
Enginier inform'd me before he left town [ ] sent 

an Exspess aft r M r . Croghan to f [ort] pitt where he Exspected 
to overtake him a[nd ] down the river with him 1 he & Lieut'. 
Hutch [ins 2 ] am with best wishes for your safe recovery. 

Dear Sir 
Your obligd & most Hhble [ ] 

Fran 5 - Wade 
S R Will m - Johnson Bam'- 
indorsed: [ ] 

M r Frank Wades 
Letter — 

1 See Captain Harry Gordon's Journal, May 8-December 6, 1 766. 
Gordon's complete journal is printed in Collections of the Illinois State 
Historical Library, 1 I :290-310, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

2 Thomas Hutchins, assistant engineer, author of a map of the Ohio 
Country, 1765. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 229 


A. L. S. 

a monlreal le 28 may 1766 

[J'es]pere que sans trop presumer de votre [bon]te vous 
aures agreable que je vous [remejtte en memoire Le chevalier 
hertel qui [quoi]qu'encore absent ce flatte que vous L'honores 
[de] votre protection ay ant toujours cherchez [et] saisy avec 
empressement Les moyens qui [pou] voit (la) Luy procurer 
Son peu de fortune L a [ob]liges L'automne dernier d aller 
jverner dans Les [p]ostes d en haut avec un petit partye de 
[mar]chandises jignore sa reussite et ne peu [lap] prendre 
que par Luy meme que j attend [ince]ssament dailleurs Les 
avantages quil en [p]oura retirer si La fortune Luy a Ete favor- 
able ne peuvent estre que tres modique, [et je] ne remplirois 
que tres foiblement Le [desir qu'il] auroit de me procurer ainsy 
qua ses [enfants ? le] bien Estre que Les suittes de La [guerre 
nous ont] enleves j ay done L'honneur Monsieur [de vous] 
suplier de nouveau de vous interess[er a] une famille qui ne 
cessera de faire [Priere] pour votre Conservation jay L honneur 


Votre tres humble et tres obe[issante] 
servante L. B. HERTEL 

Chevalier Chevalier Johnson 
generale des troupes 
Angloises &c &c 
Albany. — 

[M".?] Hertels Letter 

230 Sir William Johnson Papers 


At Montreal the 28th of May 1766 

I hope that without presuming too much on your goodness it 
will be pleasing to you that I put you in mind of Chevalier 
Hertel, who though absent flatters himself that you will honor 
him with your protection, having always sought and zealously 
seized the means which could procure it for him. His slender 
means obliged him last fall to go and winter at the upper posts 
with a small supply of goods. I do not know what success he 
has had and cannot find out except from himself, whom I expect 
any moment. Moreover, the profits which he may reap there- 
from, if fortune has been favorable to him, can only be very 
modest, and I should only very imperfectly satisfy his wishes if 
I failed to procure for myself and his children the comfort of 
which the effects of the war have deprived us. Therefore, sir, 
I have the honor to beg you again to interest yourself in a family 
which will not cease to pray for your preservation. 
I have the honor to be 


Your very humble and very obedient 

L. B. Hertel 

ADDRESSED: Chevalier Johnson 

General of the English Troops &c &c 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 313, is listed William Thompson's 
account of losses from the Indians in 1 763, sworn to before John Arm- 
strong; dated Carlisle, May 28, 1766. Destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 231 

A. L. 5. 

Montreal May 29 th 1766 
Nothing could give me more pleasure [ ] the 

receipt of your favour <P M r Antill as it g[ives me] in some 
measure an opportunity to express my [ gra]titude. He is now 
gone to Quebec, where he has [not] only got Letters to all 
the Principal Merchants of Quebec, but will have an oppor- 
tunity through M r Walker, of being particularly introduced to 
[M r ] Hays 1 Esq r . our New Chief Justice & the new King's 
Attorney, who are expected in the Beaver. Cap 1 L[ evry] 
Moment. Coll°- Carlton has kissed his Majesties hand on being 
Appointed Lieu*- Gov r - of the Province of Quebec in Con- 
sequence, Coll°- Robinson who was named (but had never 
received, | | least till lately, the Dispatches p r the Egmont 

A[rms] snow of last Oct r from London, which put into Antiqua 
by distress of Weather to refit) will remain where he is. several 
Vessels are arrived at Quebec very fine passages, M r Walker 
came in a brigg, & h[ad a] 26 Day passage from Land to Land, 
by whom we have prints up to the 1 5 April ; he has been received 
home & every thing has answered superiour to 
his most sanguine Wishes, the Courts of Judicature &ca he [re] 
are all to be reestablished & every thing newly arranged as tho 
they had never been, & a total Chan[ge ] so that we have a 
Change in our Ministry 

I have taken the Liberty to enclose [ ] a Letter 

from the secretary of State, to M r [Murray 2 which] M r Walker 
delivered himself, under a flying [seal in] presence of several 
of the Merchant his fr[iends. | allow they were Men of Cour- 
age, far it was [ ] full of the Moon. A grand 
Council was Walker was to be there, what the 

1 William Hay. 

2 Henry Seymour Conway to James Murray, March 27, 1766, q. o. 

232 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

result w [ ] But thank god we have a fair prospect 

of the [ ] of the province being restored, every 

thing at present [ ] quiet, we have a very good 

Man at the head of [ ] Military, Coll°- Massey. I 

hope he will not [ ] to be prejudiced against the 

Trading Interest, & [ ] go well as he is much 

esteemed at present. 

I hear such things of Johnson Hall [ ] am out of 

all patience to see it, a Town [ — a bell?] the latter is more than 
we have been able to obtain [ ] altho so many & 

one very good new one, full of can [ | altho have been 

at the Expence to pay a Parson to tell [ day of 

the week sunday was who has now left us, with 

[ 30]* — I hope sir John was well when you [ ] when 

you write, beg the favour you would please [ ] his poor 

first Lieu 1 , in the Schenectady Bat[talion | hard news from Lon- 
don for the poor suffer [ers 1 ] they say only £4000 will go a 
little way [ ] £120000 — but we must only lament 

[in sile]nce, & hope for better news. We expect [ 
news of the Arrival of His Excellency Rober[t Ro]gers Esq r 
Gov r - at Michilimachinac 

I hope the news of the 2 soldiers being [killed] at Detroit, will 
prove without foundation [ I dread the Conse- 

quence of making Reprizals [ ] which it is reported 

they have done. — 

Please to give my Compliment to Mr and M rs - Clause Mr & 
M r \ Johnson I am 

Most Respectfully 
Sir Your Ob'. & most ObR h bIe servant 

John Welles. 

1 By the Montreal fire. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 233 

| you write coll°- Massey (as I know your Intimacy 
with him) & Just [mentijon me to him will much oblidge, as I 
dont care to introduce myself (altho h[ ] ttle knowledge), 

not knows, how far my Enemies may have carrd their prejudice. 


The Hon bIe Sir William Johnson 

his Majesties sole Agent & superintendant 
for Indian Affairs in the Northern District 
of North America 
^ favour of M r at Johnson Hall 

John Welles 
James to Albany 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 313-14, are listed the following papers: 
Sir William Johnson's memorial to his Majesty in council, reciting his 
losses by his connection with Indian affairs, also his payments for the 
Indian grant near Canajoharee, and asking confirmation of that grant, 
increase of salary and an allowance for military services and expenditures 
for the public interest. ( Indorsed : Memorial to the King presented 
May 1766) (printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:839-42; the 
date given, 8th of July, is that of its reference to the Lords of Trade) ; 
and Jost Herchheimer's account of liquors furnished to Indians by order 
of Sir William Johnson, receipted September 1 2, 1 766, by Han Jost 
Herchheimer, Burnets Feald. Destroyed by fire. 

A. L. S. 
[Charles Town, June /, 1766] 

i '] 

I had the pleasure [ ] 

March last, since which [ ] 

with any of your's 

1 Matter burned away. 

234 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I now enclose you copy of [ 
I lately received from the Cherokee Nation 
will perceive how much they are harryed [ 
distressed by the Incursions of the Northern [ 
what they allude to when they say that [ 
Northern Enemy strike the white people [ 
as them will be explained to you by the [ 
abstract of M r Camerons Letter to me by [wh 
You will also se that I have been Bussy in [ 
ascertaining the Boundary lines between 
province & the Indian hunting Grounds. 

Altho it would give me some pleasure to [g 
relief to the Cherokees from their sufferings by 
war with your Indians yet I cannot help [ 
with you, of the propriety of such a measure. 


] department. The Murder of [ 

[ ] Inhabitants of Augusta County in 

] for which no Satisfaction has been obtained 

[ ] the Strength of Government in that province 

[ ] to bring the Offenders to Justice, and the 

encroachments by the provinces on their hunting grounds gave 

just grounds for complaint. The Creeks avail themselves of these 

accidents to inflame their minds and the Mortar 1 has offered 

them a reinforcement of 700 men to enable them to do themselves 

Justice; in this Situation it may not be good policy in us to 

be too active in Medaling between them and their Northern 

Enemies; I shall take the sense of the Different Governors upon 

the Subject as the provinces of Georgia S° Carolina & North 

Car° are more connected with the Cherokees and more immedi- 

atly contiguous to them than Virginia, which province would be 

glad to amuse [ 

to you — You [ 

Deputies to the northern 

1 Or Otis Mico, a Creek chief. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 235 

I think at all events your 

safely to the persons of the Dep [ 

very proper, and You will be best [ 

notice may be proper to take of the [ 

Welch by the Shawnese, the bad con[dition 

which M r Cameron apprehends from the 

of Traders by these parties is not at all imp [ 

I have had no late accounts from the [ 
in this Department contiguous to West Flor[ida 
but I conclude that every thing there is peac[ 
I have the honor of being with great Sincerity [and] truth 


Your most obedient 

very humble Serv[ant] 

John Stuart 
To Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bart: &c a &c a 

INDORSED: Charlestown June 1 st . 1766 
From John Stuart Esq r 
Superint, of the Southern 


Ent d in Ind n Rec ds 


In the Harvard College Library is a letter of June 2d from General 
Gage, asking Johnson to order his interpreters and commissaries to watch 
Major Rogers's transactions with the Indians, particularly private con- 
ferences held with the aid of French interpreters, mentioning the bad 
financial condition of the people, and informing of the employment of 
Mingoes to transport provisions from Fort Pitt to the Illinois country 
(printed in Collections of Illinois State Historical Library, I 1 : 246— 47, 
ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter). 

236 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Z)/. 1 
o / Johnson hall June 3 A . 1766. 

I have had so much business upon my hands for sometime 
past that I am really at a Loss to know whether I answered your 
very obliging Letter of April Last, If it is already answered so 
much the better If not the present opportunity by the Rev d . M r 
Cooper who has favored me with a Visit will apologize for my 

You may be Assured of my sincerest thanks for your good 
intentions of recommending me to become a Member of so re- 
spectable a body as the Society for the Propagation of the Gos- 
pel and that it will always be my peculiar Study to contribute 
my Endeavors to the Advancement of the Laudable purposes 
for which they were instituted, and to the encouragement of the 
Established Church of England in this Country, which requires 
the Vigorous support of all Protestants of that Communion to pre- 
vent its being discountenanced if not totally Lost to Posterity. — 

Your communicating my thoughts hereon & desire to be a 
Member of that Venerable Society will be highly pleasing to 
me, 2 and I beg you may be assured of the perfect Esteem with 
which I am 



INDORSED : Letter to M r . Auchmuty 
June 4 th . 1 766 Sent 
by M r . Cooper President 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

2 In a letter of June 2 1 st to the Society, Dr Auchmuty quotes Sir 
William's acknowledgment of the recommendation for membership, adding 
the wish that Johnson "may be requested to propose a plan to the Society 
for establishing one or more Missionarys among the Indians, and in his 
Neighbourhood." — Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. B series of Mss. Vol. 2. New York 1759-1782. In Library 
of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 237 

D/. 1 

Johnson-hall June 3 d . 1766 — 

M r Wether] head delivered me your Excels. Letter 
he is desirous of purchasing from the 
Indians no]t acquainted with that part of the 

Country | I have] heard that there was a Vacancy between 

Sacond[aga Claims of Kayaderosseras, which pos- 

sibly the Indians indue] ed to sell, when they return 

from hunting, and as I am [ ] purchase is 

intended to be conducted agreable to the [ ] you 

have before and now Expressed M r . Wetherhead and [his 
associates may be assured of my good Offices on the occasion 

[ 1 

I have been Just applied to concerning a very valuable | 

Land, in a very advantagious Situation in this County 
Indians can conveniently spare, it will be worth 
] tion providing you chuse to be concerned in 
Land you] will please to inform me on that head when 

I shall ha]ve Leisure to give a particular description 

of the Tract adva]ntages as well as to obtain a Share 

for you, as the Indfians my] advice, [and will not sell 

without it'] — 

I understand one M r . Remsen or some person in his behalf 
]t Conajoharee & in concert with a certain Geo: Klock 
on[e of the g]reatest Villains on this Continent is endeavoring 
to procure [from some] of the Ind s . there a Grant for part of a 
Tract which [the wh]ole Nation Gave me some Years ago which 
cost me | 1200 Dollars in Cash, has been confirmed by 

[subsequent | & has since cost me as much more, as this is the 
only Land concerned myself with, all my Estate 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
• Struck out in the manuscript. 

238 Sir William Johnson Papers 

being purchased [from white] Inhabitants, and as I applied 
Sometime ago to the Lords of [Trade] to obtain a Grant for it 
I must enter a Caveat agt the | ]s, and doubt not you 

will discountenance any [ on] that head till his Majestys 

pleasure be known 


June 3, 1766 

Contemporary Copy 1 

Instruction to Major Robert Rogers Commandant of Michili- 
makinac, respecting his Conduct towards the Indians 2 

On your arrival at Michilimakinac you will acquaint the 
Indians who may resort to that Post, that you are to receive your 
orders concerning Indian Affairs from me, That I heartily wish 
them well & hope they will continue to behave as Friends and 
Men who regard their Engagements, & that so long as they 
do so, they may be assured of my Friendship & Good Offices, 
and that His Majesty will not permitt any of his Subjects to 
wrong them, to which end you are to report to me, all matters 
relative to them, and I expect they will pay no attention to Idle 
Stories or Reports brought among them, as they may be assured 
I shall communicate any thing necessary to their Information. 

You are to inform yourself as soon as possible concerning the 
leading Men of the Several Nations around your Post, and to do 
your utmost to become acquainted with their Sentiments, and you 
are carefully to avoid giving any umbrage to the Indians, and 
studiously to prevent any quarrells from arising between them 
& the Soldiers or Traders, and you are to hear their Complaints, 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.85. p. 351, London, England. 

- Rogers's Journal at Michilimackinac from September 21, 1 766— 
July 3, I 767, with his statement of his plan of Indian trade and plan 
for an independent civil government at Michilimackinac, is printed in 
the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society in 1918, p. 224-73; 
contributed by William L. Clements. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 239 

and to do your utmost to redress them should any traders use 
them ill or overreach them in their dealings, reporting the Persons 
guilty to me without favor or Affection, and you are in all things 
to Conduct yourself so as to acquire the Confidence & Esteem of 
the Indians and to discover any Plots concerting by them or any 
other Persons tending to disturb the publick tranquility. 

And lastly you are to send me exact Copies of your proceed- 
ings once in six months, as also to give me the Speediest Notice 
in your power of any material Occurances respecting Indian 
Affairs in that Quarter, and on your Report to me after your 
Arrival there touching the foregoing Articles, you shall be fur- 
nished with such farther or other Instructions, as the Circum- 
stances of the Affairs may require — 

Given under my hand at Johnson Hall 

the 3 d day of June 1 766 

W m . Johnson 
A True Copy 

Rob t : Rogers 


A. L. S. 

Detroit 4 ll \ June 1766 
I take the Opportunity of Maj r . Hays [ ] pay 

my Respects to You & family | ] refer you to him for the 

main Intelligence [ ] passes here as he understands 

the language ] Land We live in at "p'sent: tho We 

have lately [heard] f m . Missilimakinac by way of S'. Josephs 
y*. [the Indians] & french Inhabitants, at Fort Chartres &c 
[are well] reconcil'd to the English Gov mt . as by what [they 
say] themselves, are Conscious we are Masters of [N Am] erica, 
this news came there by one Chavalie a [brother of] whom 
resides at S l Josephs. M r . Croghans inter] preter a french 

Man, who Came w ,h . him here last year was murder'd by an 
Ind n . Ch[ief for presenting him w th . a small Cask of 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

[Rum instead of the] large one he Expected f m . M r . Crogan 

] Intelligence & they add that his passage [ 
may be difficult; this is not credited amon[g ] M r . Spears 

a Trader f m . Philadelph a . by w[hom ] wrote to You last 

Decem br . is not yet arriv[ ] at Sandusky in his way 

hither probably by him We may h[ear how] far M r . Crogan is 
on his way to Illinois. [ ] Suppos'd they were at 

Pitsbourg together, I need not [ ] how much I long to 

hear f m . you as on tha[t depends?] the last Stroke of happiness 
I can Expect in [ ] Ulterior part of my Life, this is 

the King[s Birth] Day we have fir'd the Guns & drank the 
healths [ ] just going to Dinner after which much 

I rejoice now but am sure of being sick [ 
tomorrow tho' in whatever state I am Your [ ] Advantage 

are always before Me being [ ] Respect 

Your most Ob 1 . & most 

humble Serv 1 . 

R Shuckburgh 


S r . Will" 1 . Johnson Baronet 

3$ sent 
p r . fav r . of Maj r . Hay 

INDORSED: June 1766 

Doctor Shuckburghs letter 
^ L*. Jehu Hay — 


A. L. S. 

Philad*. June 6 th . 1766 

We beg leave to communicate to you [ 

| containing Reasons for establishing a Colony [ 

wi]th some Proposals for carrying the same [into 
execution. It is our Opinion that, if there [ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 241 

] should be agreed to, great Benefit must necessar[ily] 
there] from to the British Crown and Nation. 
If you, Sir, should be of the same [ ] with 

us, who, from your great knowledge in [ and 

other Public Affairs, are every way well [qualified to] judge 
of this Subject, we then earnestly requ[est ] transmit, 

and recommend our Proposals to his [Majes]ties Ministers. — 
And we do hereby authorize y[ou ] them that we the Sub- 

scribers, (together with [ ] others who are shortly to be 

admitted into our Co[mpany) are] ready and willing to enter 
into those Engagements [ ] are mentioned in the said 

Proposals for the [Improvement?] of the Countrey, on receiving 
the encourag[ement ] desired for that Purpose. 

We are, very respectfully, 

Your most obedient Servants 

[Samuel?] Wharton Joseph Wharton 

[George] Morgan Jo n Hughes 

[Joseph] Wharton jun John Baynton 

[Joseph] Galloway John Baynton for [ 

John Baynton for 


A. L. S. 

Niagara June the 7 lh 1766 

A Seneca came here this day & in [the pres]ence of the 
officers of the regiment in garrison, [ ]ed a string of 

wampum sent by Kashtesh [a great] Seneca chief with the 
following speech. 
" Brother 

I am a frind of yours; & promised S r William Johnson that I 
would always acquaint him of any news that I might hear. I 
have heard some news from [the] southward. The Shawanese, 

242 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Delawares & Indians towards the Ilinois country are greatly 
dissatisfied that the Senecas have sold their lands on the Ohio 
[to] the English; & threaten to make war upon them. [I] have 
sent a speech to Kayashoton 1 the great chief [ ] the 

Ohio, and have desired him not to make any disturbance in that 
part, as these lands are fairly [s]old to the English. I will send 
you the first news that shall arrive from Kayashoton." 

I gave a string with the following 
" Brother 

I am convinced of your attachment [to] the English. I am 
sorry to hear that the Indfians] at the Ilinois, Shawanese, & 
Delawares, are [dissatisfied] with the Senecas for having sold 
their lands on [the] Ohio to their brothers the English. Bad 
birds hav[e] long been flying about the Ilinois country; but no 
good Indians listen to them. I shall let S r William Johnson 
know what you have told me." 

I wrote to you yesterday concerning the Indian trade, which 
letter I hope will reach you soon 
I am 

Your most obedient 

and most humble servant 

Thom s Morris 
indorsed: [ I June 7 th 1766 

Cap 1 . Morris letter with 
gaustarax's Intelligence 
Ans d . July 4 ,h . 

1 Chief of the Mingoes, or Ohio Semecas. See 111:488, 491-92, 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 243 


A. L. S. 1 

New York June 9 ih 1766 
Dear Sir, 

I am Sorry for the News you send me from the Detroit The 
Report of Disturbance there had reached us, but I never heared 
the Particulars till the Receipt of your Favor of 27 th May If 
this Affair can be accomodated, I hope no ill Consequence will 
ensue from what happened on the Ohio. The Indians told 
Cap 1 . Murray that they were sensible that Action was done by 
some of our bad People, and that they still held us as Friends, 
and I hope my Letter will be Time enough at the Ilinois, to 
get the villains Apprehended. And I have desired Cap*. Mur- 
ray to tell them That I am very Sorry they could not get up 
with them after they committed the vile Deed, and put them to 
Death, which would have given me as much Satisfaction as 

The only Refusal to M r . Croghan's Bill was, not paying the 
Merchant till the Goods were delivered. They were to be 
delivered at F*. Pitt from stores there and Payment promised 
as soon as M r . Croghan certified from thence that the Goods 
were delivered to him in Merchantable order. This was not 
Satisfactory, because he sent word afterwards that he had taken 
Bond for the Delivery of the Goods in proper order; upon 
which, tho' a very Irregular Manner of Proceeding, and the 
Merchant allowed it to be so, The Money was paid. The 
uneasiness about the Lands may be so or not according to the 
Manner in which he shall transact that Affair with the Indians. 
The French never paid a Six Pence for those they have enjoyed 
for many years and I don't believe it would be easy to discover 
what Indians are the real Proprietors of those Lands, but this 
he can best discover upon the spot. 

1 In the Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

244 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I find Walker's People have complained at home, about their 
not being allowed to go where they pleased amongst the Nations 
in the upper Lakes. You wrote to me upon this Head Some 
Time ago of Complaints of this Nature from Missilimakinack, 
M r . Conway has wrote to me upon it, and I find the orders 
respecting the Trade was not at all understood, and the whole 
represented in the Manner the most deceitfull and unfair. 
Walker is comeing over, with the original Letter about this Mat- 
ter. What I have got by the Packet, is only the Duplicate. 
I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your Most obed'. 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R . W M : Johnson 

INDORSED: June 9 th 1766 

From Gen 1 . Gage 

A. L. S. 

Niagara 10 June 1766 

] just time to Acquaint you of my Ar [rival 

] Next day Lady Susan thinking there m[ight 
]ing accompanied by an Indian Commissary 

the Falls, we lay at little Niagara that N[ight 

dis] apointed in a boat to cross to the other side 

] Niagara. & yesterday we went at the other 

side Falls to day they intend to embark for 

Swegot[chie?] has been no trade here since my arrival 

| complaining loudly of the Trade of Toronto. & 

an j | trade by Pollard at little Niagara, of which 

Cap' [Clarke says?] he has advised you. and put a Stop to 

except some Chippawas & Mississagues here to 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 245 

[day] with the Traders to Toronto, to suppress that 
[I remajin with the greatest respect 


Your humble Serv' 

B Roberts 
] Canoe that passes 
] no news nor Letters 
] still prisoners & 
[Pondiac] his Village in Miami 


A. L. S. 
[Albany, June If,] Wednesday Morning [, 1766] 

] Watch by a German who came from you 
to [ ] he delivered it to you Safe — I 

likewise [ ] the Governor by a trusty 

Person the Day after [ ] very Sure it will be 

immediately deliverd to [ ] the Gentleman getts 

to York — I shoud esteem [ ] happy if I coud 

render you any other Acceptable Ser[vice ] York, in which 
Case I begg Sir you will command [ ] When 

we came to Guys we heard the Mohawk Indians | 
missing for so long a Time, were actually returned — you 
] to promise you woud call them together upon the 
Return [ ] & that I must then Send a person over to 

make the ] Lands I had petition'd for — But I am 

just now informed [by a gentle] man One of the Proprietors of 
the Caiderosseras Patent [ | in order to Settle their 

Dispute with the Indians with Respect [ It shoud 

therefore Seem to me that it would be best to wait [ 
till all that affair is Settled before we make the purchase 
per] haps we Shall be in Some disagreable Disputes with 
the Gentle [men Bounds — their Claim is monstrous & unwar- 

246 Sir William Johnson Papers 

rantable — they [ settle] it with you or the Indians — but 
were they to hear of my [ ]ing within the Bounds 

they claim, they woud be ready to disp[ute] with me — How- 
ever I shall referr the Matter to your own [jud]gement in this 
Affair & Shall regulate myself accordingly — [ 
therefore consider it as particular Kindness Sir William, if you 
[will favour] me with your Advice in this Particular & In the 
meantime [ ] with great Regard to Truth — 

Sir Your most obed 1 Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


D. S. 

[Fort Pitt, June 12, 1766] 

The Crown Dr to Baynton] Wharton & Morgan 
For sundry goods delivered] at different Times, by 
order of Capt.] Murray & M r . Alexander 
McKee, assistant agent] for Indian Affairs, for the 
use of the Indians] Vid et . 


] to a Frenchman, [ 
] sent by Capt n Sterling [ 
]/6 T Broeck Claret 8/6 [ ] 

]gins 12/6; 4V 2 /yd Ribbon 2/ [ ] 

]ion deliv d . to Sherlock 1.5.- 

] P s 12/ 0.12.- 1.17. 

] Lavissions in 1.10 

] deliv d . to a party of Ind*. Who had 

] Illinois with Capt". Sterling 

] 30/ 7 Shirts 12/6 14.17.6 

] 20/ 4 Calico Shirts 22/6 11.10.- 

] 7 P ' Leggins 12/6 5.12.6 32. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 




2 mat 

d to James Shirlock 
Matchcoat 20/ 2 Blankets 

at 20/ 4. -.- 

Leggins 12/6 3 Strouds 

at 30/ 5. 2.6 

Shirts 22/6 1 Gro. Rings 

20/ 3. 5.- 

Hand fs 3/9 72 Fathom 

(Pins) 12d 4. 3.3 

36/2 Rem". D° 10/ 

Each 2.16.- 

12/6 7 Curtains 2/6 1.10.- 

D°. damag d 6/6 paint 5/ 0.11.6 

at 2/ [ 

Tobacco del an Indian 

d° d° 

to the Friends of a Shaw- 

anese Chief who 


chcoats 1 5/ 2 Shirts at 

12/6 2.15 

30/ 2 P r . st d . Leggins 12/6 4. 5 
/6 Flints 2/ & |/ 2 P d - 

Paint 25/ 0.19.6 

ceo 2/ 0.12.- 8.[ 










icco at 2/ 


4.- 2.[ 




248 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Jany 2 1 8t 

To 4500 White Wampum at 4 [ 

2 ruffled Shirts deliv d . the Ind s [ 

Feb? 4 

To Capt". Murray's Order On Us for | 
in favor of Mons r . Pier Aiosh, to [ 
Exclusive of the following Goods 
said Aioth, for going to the Ilinois & for [ 
Sundry Debts contracted by Him, On [ 
from Thence, deliv d . to the said piere Aioth [ 

1 Brass Kettle 18/ 1 Laddie 6/ [ 

6 O. of Black Wampum 6/8 3 pints 

salt [ 

5 shirts 12 6 3 p r . Stroud Leggins 
1 Breech Clout 8/6 2 p ds . Paint 25/ [ 
1 Comb 1/6 1 Razor 3/ [ 

1 Indian Hatchet 1 5/ 1 p d . Powder 

7/6 [ 

5 p ds . Lead 1/6 [ 

[ ] 11 

2 Kegs Rum [ 
40 P d » Tobacco 2/ [ 
20 [White] Strouds 20/ [ 
10 [Black] D°. [ 
30 ft str d Leggins 12/ [ 
39 English Matchcoat 1 5/ [ 
10 ruffled Shirts 20/ [ 
20 plain D° 12/6 [ 
8 small d° 89/ [ 
3300 White Wampum 45/ [ 

For the Condolance [ 

[ ] d° 

1 French Matchcoat [ deliv d . to 

2 Boxes of Paint Kyssinautaf 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 


] 13 
English Matchcoat 15-1 Black 
Stroud 30/ [ 

p r Yi Thick Leggins 8 6 1 Breech 
Clout 8/6 [ 

Shirt 12 6 2 Boxes paint 4/6 [ 


Plain Shirt 12 6 1 p d . Powder 7 6 [ 

Brass Kettle 6 p d \ 7 6 1 1/ 2 P d - 

Powder 7/6 [ 

p d / Flour 4/ Yl P d - powder 7/6 

1 Bar Lead 1/3 [ 

Black Stroud 30 1p d . powder 7.6 [ 

Deliv d / Indians at different Times 

Continued [ 

[ ] 

] £0. 4.- 

6y d Ribbon 2/ 1.12.0 

Gunpowder 7 6 0.17.6 


Tobbacco2/ 1 Comb 1/ 1.10.0 

0. 1.0 

3 p r Stroud Leggins 8 6 
24 P d Vermillion 25/ 

1. 4.9 

15/ Yj\ p d . Vermillion 




£295. 8 



3. 2.3 

2. 8.9 


] 2/ 

-. 4.- 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

| Thread 2 d 

. 1. 

1 2/ 

. 4.- 

| 2 Callico D°. 22/6 


| at 2/ 10 p d \ d° 

1. 6.0 

| ins 1 2/6 8 y d Ribbons 2/ 

1. 8.6 

| Tobbacco 2/ 

1. 0.0 


million 25/ 1 Black Stroud 


3. 7.6 

Lace 10/ Gunpowder 4/ 


deliv d . Hugh Crawford 


Bed Lace 12 d 

3. 6.- 

|der 3/9|/ 2 p d Thread & 


0. 8.9 

Bed Lace 12 d 

3. 6.- 

Bobs 7/6 

0. 7.6 

[ gu 

] npowder 

0. 7.6 

paint deliv d . Big Holes Son 


Matchcoat very large 

2. 5.- 



White Beads 6 d 


Tobacco 2/ 

2. -.- 

] Shirt 20/ Vi P d - Gun-^ 

powder 7 6 & 1 
dd" Hugh Crawford 

Bullet mould 

^1. 5.- 



D°. to a Shawanese Chief 

4.15.- 9.10.- 


£344. [ ] 




April 14 

Vl P d - °f Thread to make up B [ 
1 p r Stroud Leggins 12/6 1 Brass 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 251 

1 Neat hunting Saddle 65/ I p r . [ ] 

6 p d Tobacco 2/ [ 

[ 1 

Y 2 p d . Vermillion 25/ [ ] 


1 silver Laced Hat 

[ ] p d Tobacco 2/ [ ] 

[ ] powder Box [ 

[ ] Leggins 12/6 [ ] 

[ ] [ ] 

1 ruffled D°. 20/ 1 p r . Leggins 8/6 [ ] 

Delivered to the Big Hole's wife — [ 
1 ruffled Shirt 20/ 1 plain 1 2/6 1 p d . 
Soap [ 

Delivered to Nimhaw. — 
1 Yl P d - Paint for Warriors & the Big 

Holes [ ] 

by Order of Capt. Murray 

3 Couteau Knives at 2/6 3 scalping 

D°. 4/ [ ] 

Yl P d - Powder & 3 Bars of Lead to 
H. Crawford [ 

4 English Matchcoats 1 5/ [ ] 

1 !4 p d . Vermillion 25/ 1 Razor 3/6 [ ] 

2 Qu'\ Rum for the Big Holes Wife [ ] 
1 Black Stroud 30/ 1 plain Shirt 12/6[ ] 
1 Eng. Matchcoat 15/ 1 p r . Stroud 

Leggins 12/6 ] 
1 Bag for Hugh Crawford's Provis' 8 . 

7/6 [ ] 

1 Bress Kettle w*. 2 p d . 7/6 [ ] 

1 Tin Cup 1/6 [ ] 

1 Callico Shirt [ ] 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

1 p d . Tobacco 2/ 

6 Jews harps 6 d 


2 p d . Vermillion 25/ 30 Couteaus 

2/6 6 

[ ] 8/6 3 y d Green Ribbon 2/ 

1 English Matchcoat for a Shawanese 

Chief 1 

[ White] Wampum at 45/ 

500 Black D°." 60/ 

23 d . 

1 Box of Vermillion & Box 

5 O. White Wampum 45/ 



£393 [ 


[ half 


] making up Wampum 

l >, 

deliverd to 3 Indians 

] 2 of 

Sent to the lower 


] 12/6, 

Shawanese Town 

] 5/ 



] 15/2 p r . Leggins 12/6 



] 20/ 1 p'. D°. 1 2/6 



]dle to a Cheif 



] deliv d . to French Andrew. 

jchcoat 20/ 1 English D°. 15 

/ 1. 


] 6/ 1 Breech Clout 8/6 



] 1/ J4 P d - Verdigreese 16/ 



] 25/ 



] 20/ 2 Callico D°. 22/6 



& 1 p d . Powder 



Paint & Combs 



] thicks for Leggins 



] deliv d . two Shawanese Chei 


]companied M r . Croghan 


n the Ohio 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 


] Guns Mould &c 



[ ] 12/6 



[ ] D°. 20/ 



[ ] Bed Lace 



[ ] Linnen 


] Tobbaco 2/ 


Gunpowder 7/6 4 Bars 

Lead 15* 



| & Sheet of Tin 



] Tobbacco 2/ 



[ ]p r Order 



] following delivered to 

Shirley the Interpreter 

[ ] 8/6 1 Shirt 12.6 1 Breech 

Clout 8/6 



[ ] gins 



[ ] 2/6 2 Bars Lead 15 d 

Y 2 p d . Powder 7/6 



]ins 8 6 1 p d . Powder 7/6 

2 Boxes Vermillion 4/ 



[ ] 50/3 Hand fs . 7/63D°.5,/ 




34. [ ] 



£44 [ 

1 p r . Leggins to the red Hawk 

1 Matchcoat " 

1 ruffled Shirt >for Muchathewa [ 

1 p r . Leggins J 

1 2 p d . Tobacco 2/ [ 

[ ] 10 2 French Matchcoats [ 

[ ] 12/6 2 Knives 2/6 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


] 8/6 1 Breech Clout 8/6 

J/2 p d . Vermillion 25/ 

The following delivered 22 Senecas who 

a go with Provisions to the Ilinois — 
20 p d . Tobacco a 2/ 60 Flints 2 d 
288 Fathom Bed Lace at 12 d . 12 

Awls 4 

1 Very Neat Musket & Moulds 

2 HandK 7/ 1 plain Shirt 12/ 
2 w*. 1 p d 7/6 
12 Silver Crosses 18 d 52 Ear Bobs 

18 d 
22 Strouds 30/ 
22 Ruffled Shirts 20/ 
22 Breech Clouts 8/6 
22 English Matchcoats 15/ 
22 plain Shirts 12/6 
22 pair of Leggins 12/6 
22 HandK 6/6 
22 French Matchcoats 20/ 
44 Scalping Knives 2/6 
44 Awl Blades 4 d 
5|/ 2 P d - Vermillion 25/ 


] 2, 


8/6 5 y d . 


1 p r . Hose 

Ribbon 2/ 

1 Stroud 20/ I for an Indian 

1 p r . Leggins 12/6 Who furnished 

Hugh Craw- 
ford, With 
Prov 5 . to for- 
ard Him to 
Detroit [ 

3 Boxes Paint 4/ [ 

Posi-lVar Period, 1763-/774 

1 p d . Gunpowder 7,6 

18 Needles & 2 Shains of Thread 
1/10 [ 

2 Boxes paint 4/ 






[ ]ght Over 

£644 [ 


7. 3.- 

[ ] 15/ 

5. -.- 

[ ] 24/ 




] 6 Nation Warriors 


[ ] shirts 12/6 del" to 

2 In- 

dian Messingers 

3. 5.- 



I ] 2/ 


[ ] Cork 25/ 


[ ] p r . Order 12/6 


[ ] 2 

2. 0.0 

]oud to Kilbuck 


[ ] 25/ 

] stroud 12/6 

^p r . Order 


[ ] shirt 12/6 

wa]mpum to a 6 Nation 


3. -.- 

[ ] stroud 30/ 

3. -.- 

] of bed Lace 12 d 

2. 7.- 

f /] Matchcoat 20/ 

1. 0.0 

ver] million 25/ 


Leggins 8 6 


ri]bbon 2/ 


[ ] H 

0. 3.4 

[ ] Thread 16/ 

0. 8.- 

calijco Shirts 22/6 

2. 5.- 

of Vermillion to 


vissica 4/ 


[ ] 700 Wampur 

n 45/ 

26. 6.6 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

] Skains of Thread 2 d 

] Shears 1/6 

]undry small Quantitys of 
Rum from a Pint [ ] thereof, 

delivered at different Times to 
] Indians from the 14th 
Dec'. 1 765 to the 24 th [ ] 

1 766 by Orders from Captain Wil- 
liam Murray & [Alex]ander M c - 
Kee Amounting in the Whole 
Unto [ ] & 3 Qu' s . at 1 2/ 

] Tobacco deliv d to M r M c 


Kee for the use of [ 
dians 2/ 


] In- 


May 31 

2 Blue Strouds 30/ 
2 French Matchcoats 20/ 
2 p r Leggins 12/6 
2 shirts 12/6 
[ ] 2/6 

powder 7/6 

[ ] 1/3 

[ ] 15/ 

to Killbuck an 
1 French Matchcoat 20/ 
Ruffled Shirt 20/ 
1 p r . Leggins 8/6 
Delivered to a Messinger 

Red Hawk 
6 y d Broad ribbon 12/6 




from the 


74. 5.- 

6. 6.- 

£79 [ 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 


12 Needles M 
J/2 P d - Thread 16/ 
60 Fathom Bed Lace 
Ruffled Shirt 20/ 



Deliv d . to French Andrew an 
Huron fathom Bed Lace 12 d 
8 p cs . of Scarlet Gartering 15/ 

Deliverd p r / Order. 
June 1 st . 

Deliv d . to an Indian p r . M c Kee's 
1 plain Shirt 1 2/6 [ 

1 p r . Leggins 8/6 

1 ruffled Shirt 20/ [ 

Boxes of Vermillion 3/ 
of D°. By John Cork 1 [ 

Matchcoat to Benevissica 

an Indian, Who saved the Life of a 
1 French Matchcoat 20/ [ 

1 p r / Leggins 8 X 6 

Delivered to an Indian who went 
with Cap 1 . Sterling 

2 Strouds 30/ [ 
1 Matchcoat 20/ [ 
1 Shirt 1 2/6 2 p r Hose 8 6 [ 


] Brought Over 
[ ] Matchcoats 20/ 5. 

[ jose 8/6 2. 




[ ] Matchcoat 20/ 

[ ] Leggins 8 6 

In]dian Woman, whose Father 


258 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] when with M r . Croghan 

] ruffled Shirts 20/ 4.10.0 

] 15/2 Belts 7/6 3.15.- 

15/ 3 plain Shirts 12/6 3. 7.6 11.12.6 

] two Indians, Who were 

with M r . Croghan 

[when he was] taken. 
] 2 French Matchcoats 20/ 5. -.- 
] 3/6 2 ruffled Shirts 20/ 2.17.- 7.17 

a Shawana p r . 


Vl P d vermi]llion 25/ 







] 30/ 2 Ruffled • 


— , — 

Shirts 20/ 

p r Order 

Tobacco 2/ 



] 30/ 1 French Match- 

coat 20/ 



] 12.6 1 p r . Leg 

;gins 8/6 




] p r . Order 

to two Mohawks. 
] 30/ 2 Shirts 12/6 4. 5.- 

2Mat]chcoats 20/ 2 p r . Stock- 
ings 8/6 2.17.- 7.2 

ver] million 25/ 2 Shirts 12/6 [ ] 

] 30/ [ ] 

] p r Order 

to Capt 1 . Cornelius 
] Thread 1/ 0. 8.- 

] of Lace 1/ 1.10.0 

] -• 1- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 259 

[ ]2/6 .2.6 

[ ] co 2/6 .15.- 2[ ] 

Continued £90 [ ] 

June 5 

1 French Matchcoat 20/ 

14 P d . Vermillion 25/ del [ ] 

4 p s . Ribbon 20/ 

Deliv d / to Lewis p r . Order [ ] 

2 French Matchcoats 20/ [ ] 
2 plain Shirts 12/6 [ ] 
2 p r Leggins 8/6 [ ] 

1 silverhair pipe p r Order 

6 French Matchcoats 20 ■').... T , r -, 

a r i-l no nw r t0 Mr McKee I I 

6 English D° 15/ j 

1 Breach stroud Clout to Killbuck 

p r Order [ ] 


1 Stroud 30/ 1 French Matchcoat 

20/ [ ] 

2 Plain Shirts 12/6 2 p r . Leggins 8/6 [ ] 
4 English Match 8 . 15/ [ ] 

By Ord r of M r . M c Kee 

4 English Match 5 . 1 5/ [ ] 

12 Skains of Thread [ 

1 looking Glass 3/9 & 4 Combs 2/8 [ ] 

3 pipes 9 d [ ] 

2 Skains Thread & One pipe 

3 Boxes of Vermillion 4/6 

Deliv d . by M r . M c Kee's Order to a 

260 Sir William Johnson Papers 

1 Stroud 30/ 1 ruffled Shirt 20/ [ ] 

J/4 p d Tobacco 2/ 20 fathom Gar- 
tering 1/ [ ] 


I do hereby Certify that the Goods Specified in the [ 

have been delivered at sundry times to the Indians. 

Fort Pitt Alexander [McKee] 

June 10 th . 1766 Assist, for Ind[ian affairs] 

Received Fort Pitt June the 12th 1 766 of George C[roghan 

Nine hundred & Thiriy seven pounds, 1 6/6 in full [ 

Account — Baynton Wharton [& Morgan] 


] the forgoing Ace', of sundry [ 
the Indians at different times [ ] Nine 

hundred & thirty seven Pounds [Sixteen Shillings] & Six Pence 
Pennsylvania Currancy is [ ] delivered to them for the 

following services [ ] Party of Indians that Accom- 

panied the Troops [to gain pos] session of the Ilinois Country at 
their return back [ ] two Interpreters employed to go 

with said Party. — [ two Men who came Express 

from the Ilinois. Thirdly [to India] n Cheifs that came here 
upon bussiness, and [condolence] with them for One of said 
Chiefs who died here, fourthly [ ] Condolance held 

with the Shawanese Nation for the | | Deputies going 

to the Ilinois with M r . Croghan by [ ] His Excellency 

General Gage. Fifthly for sundry [ ]s sent here by 

the Chiefs of the Shawanese, on some [ ] people being 

Kill'd by two White Men who run away [ ] this Post. 

Sixthly for a Party of six Nation Indians [ ]n Inter- 

preter employed to transport Provisions to the [ Illin] ois. — 
Seventhly for a Number of Indian Cheifs who waited [here 
some?] time to Meet M r Croghan upon bussiness. — Eighthly 
[to su]ndry Parties of Six Nation Warriors passing to & from 
War [again] st the Southern Indians. — And Ninthly for several 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 261 

[messe]ngers I employed and sent with Answers to the Indian 
] for sundry Speeches sent me. — The above 
Expences I [ ] found absolutely unavoidable without 

disgusting the [Indi]ans; therefore have Ordered them to be 
delivered for the of His Majesty's Service. — 

June 10 th . 1766 Will m . Murray Cap". 

42 d Reg 1 Commanding Att 
Fort Pitt 

] 11 Please include the above Ace', of Contingencies 
[ ] your Ace' with the Crown. — 

Will m . Murray Cap". 
42 Reg*. Commanding [ 
Fort Pitt 
[ ] Esq'. 


p r Order Major Murray — 


A. D. 5. 

[Fort Pitt, June 12, 1766] 
[To Baynton] Wharton & Morgan D r . 

] Goods delivered into the Kings [store for the use] 
of the Indians at a general Condolance [ Vide'. 

] 30/ 
] 20/ 
] 8/6 
]ts 12/6 
vermi]llion 25/ 
gar]tering 15/ 














— . 







262 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[Received of] George Croghan Esq r . the Sum of Three hundred 
[and sixty-three] pounds & fifteen Shillings in full for the above 

[ ]- 

Fort Pitt June 1 2th 1 766 

Baynton Wharton & Morgan 

[I certify that] the above Goods were purchased here, with my 
Advice and [ delivered to the Indians at a General 

Condolance. — 

Will m . Murray Cap' 
42 d Reg f . 


A. D. S. 

[Fort Pitt] June 12, 1766 

[Received] from George Croghan Esq r . the sum of [Eighty] 
two Pounds seven shillings, and six pence Penn a . Curfrency for 
sun] dry peices of Smith Work done for the Indians [From the] 
14th May 1765 to the 12 th June 1766 

Richard Butler 

I do hereby Certify that the above Named Richard Butler 
] employed by me, and George Croghan Esq r . to 
do the above [wor]k, amounting to Eighty two Pounds seven 
Shillings and [six] pence Pennsylvania Currency. 

Will m . Murray Cap 1 
42 d Reg 1 . 


D. S. 

[Fort Pitt, June 12, 1766] 

[Account of goo]ds left in the Kings Store by George [Croghan 
belon]ging to M r . Joseph Simons, ] Crown May 

14 ,h . 1765 when he set off [for the Illinois country] in Order 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 263 

to fit out the Deputies of the | [ that was going to sir 

William Johnson's [ 

] (5)30/ £57. 

]ts20/ 38. 

] 15/ 28.10 

] Gartering 45/ 9.0 

] Bedlace 45/ 9. 

] Leggins 7 6 22.10 

] Knives 10/ 4. 

10p d ver]milion25/ 12.10 

20 ] Arm bands 24/ each 24. 

10 ] Plates 25/ 12.10 

jgetts 60/ 18. 

w]rist bands 10/ 12. 

20 do]zen Broaches 20 p r Dozen 20. 

] Wampum 60/ 60 . 


I do Certify that the above Goods was left [in the King]s 
Store, by George Croghan Esq 1 ", when he set off do[wn the 
Ohio] last May was a Year; And that the were expend [ed in 
fitting] Out the Deputies that went then to sir William Johnson 
| the Peace. And to other Indians here, about that 
time | | that those Goods has not been included in any 

of the accounts then or since that time Certified 

by me, either for [Geo]rge Croghan Esq r . or M r M c Kee. 

Will". Murray 
Cap n . 42 d Reg* 


to Deputies from the several 
Western Nations going to 
Sir W m Johnson's in May 1 765 

264 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

[Fort Pitt, June 12th, 1766] 

George Croghan] Esq r . Deputy Agent for Indian 
[affairs ] Expences Fort Pitt June 12 th 1766 

Baynton] Wharton & Morgan Ace 1 , against 

goods given to the Indians by Cap'. [Murray's 
order ] p r Certificate and Order to be included 

[ ] £937. 16[ ] 

left in the Kings Store with Cap' 
[Murray ] by him to the 

Indian Deputies that [were going 
to Sir W m .] Johnson's last Year 
and which has [not been char]ged 
in any former Acc ts . 
Mackees Ace*, and Vouchers 
[Richard] Butler Gun Smiths Receipt for 
sundry [ ] Work done for 

the Indians 
] Alex r . Potts's Pay as p r Voucher 
] Thomas M c Kee's Pay as p r Voucher 
] Martains Pay as Interpreter at D'troit 

Butes Pay as Interpreter at D'troit 
Jhilous as Gun Smith at D'troit 
] Baynton, Wharton & Morgans Ace*, 
for Goods 
[condo] lance I held with the Indians at Fort Pitt 



16[ ] 








3 7 


3 7 


7[ ] 


15 - 

£2176. 8 7 

| Currency equal to York Currency 145. 1 1 

£2321. 9 8 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 265 

[Received from] the Hon b! Sir William Johnson Baronet the 
amount of the by means of a] draft in favour of Mess". 

Baynton, Wharton, & Morgan 

Geo: Croghan 

INDORSED: Fort Pitt June 12 th 1766 

George Croghan Esq r . Ace". 

£2321.9.8 Paid 
by Genr 1 . Gage to Baynton & ca . 


A. L. S. 

June y e 1 4 th 1766 

]se are with our Respects to your Honour | 
your honjour are in bodily health as we are at present | 
for it, honoured S r ., We do hereby put up our 
honour desiring your honour will grant our petition [ 
certain piece of vacant land bounded by A Certain | 
fox s kill, and lying on both Sides of S d . fox s , kill 
patroons Land and Schoharry patent — Whose 
those that are patentees for the S d . Intended granted 
Henry Moore governour, S r William Johnson, 
Johannes Lawyer their names are those, Michal [ 
Christophle Markel and Christophle Readie, | | Jacob 

Zimmer their names are those, Adam [ ]er, peter 

Zimmer and George Becker — [ ] Desire your honour 

to Divide the S d Intended four Equall parts from 

us your Real friends, and most ]ble Servants 

Johannes Lawyer 
Jacob Zimmer 

Honoured S r these are to Acquaint your honour that there 
are three other Certain Small tracts of Land Designed to be 
taken up by a patent If your honour will please to he[lp the]m 
to the patent, the first of Said tract Begins on the North West of 
Schoharry patent on Both Sides of Cobus kill and so ru[ns 

266 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Stream, the Second of S d , tracts Begins at the South East 
side of Schoharry patent where henry Weaver now lives and 
Runs South East Behind A Bareck known by the name of 
Omons Bareck — the third or last of S d tract, Begins [ 
the South Side of A Bareck known by the name of Sock Bareck 
And the names are those for the patentees for the afore men- 
tioned three tracts of land, Johannes Lawyer, Christian Stewbrat, 
Jacob Weaver, and Joseph Bevin — 

These are to acquaint your honour that I have A mind for 
] tract of Land therefore if your honour thinks that 
I ca[ Let me know by A Letter and I will come 

and give your [hon]our Better Information of it, and that your 
honour will [ ] out into four Equal parts as above 

mentioned from [ ] Real Friend and most humble 


Johannes Lawyer 

from henry moore 
A. L. S. 1 

New York June /4 th 1766. 

S R . 

I am very glad to find that You approve of my Proceedings 
in regard to the Indian Purchases," & have the pleasure to inform 
you that His Majesty's Council have likwise express'd their 
approbation of it, & think that if this method is pursued there 
will be no room for any future complaints of Imposition. I am 
greatly oblig'd to you for what you have mention'd to me in 
regard to the Tract of Land lately proposed to be purchas'd, 
& should with pleasure be concern'd with those whom you are 
inclin'd to favor, I lately made an application to the Privy 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

2 Johnson wrote to Sir Henry Moore on June 3d concerning Indian 
lands and the efforts of Remsen and Klock to obtain possession of the 
Canajoharie tract. The draft of the letter was destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period , 1763-1774 267 

Council for a Mandamus for my Children & should be glad 
to make use of it for part of these lands ; You will perhaps think 
that I am trespassing too far if I enquire whether Gen". Gage 
could likewise be admitted to a share; He is desirous of getting 
some lands for his Children & has been discoursing with me on 
that head, but I am so great a stranger in the country that I could 
not direct him to any particular spot, & I believe he would rather 
act by your Advice than any other: Since my arrival here the 
General & I have been on so good a footing, & his behaviour to 
Me has been such, that I must own it would give me singular 
satisfaction if I could (without breaking in upon any Plan pro- 
pos'd) serve him in this particular, & should be glad if you 
would be so kind to answer this request with as little Ceremony 
as I have made it. 

I apprehend you will hear nothing farther from the Board of 
Trade in relation to your Lands, as the King has another method 
of proceeding in regard to the Purchases, which are now only 
to be made by the Governor: I should therefore think that your 
readiest way would be to send in a Memorial to the Council here, 
setting forth at large whatever has been already done, & the 
Sums of money You have expended, & at the same time acquaint 
them of the Application made to the Board of Trade. I think 
you have the greatest Right to make an application of the kind, 
& I am persuaded it will be receiv'd by the Council in the man- 
ner you could wish & the necessary steps immediately taken to 
put you in possession of it, As for my own Part I beg leave to 
offer you any Services in my Power, on the occasion: If in the 
mean time the Persons you have mention'd in your last letter, 
should by any, indirect means attempt any thing against your 
Claims or Interest in the lands, You may be assurd that it shall 
be my Province to render their Projects abortive. 

I begin now to flatter myself that I shall have the pleasure of 
seeing you soon, & hope to be able to leave this Town immedi- 
ately after the sailing of the Pacquet next expected. I pro- 
pose to proceed from hence to Albany, where after staying two 

268 Sir William Johnson Papers 

or three days I shall make the best of my Way to your house; 
My first plan was to have gone as far as Niagara, but Business 
will prevent it, for after our long Vacation occasion'd by the 
Stamp Act, I find that I shall have very full employment for 
some time to come & cannot be absent from hence so long, as 
to take the Tour propos'd, However I hope to have it in my 
power to go as far as Lake Champlain, as I should be very 
desirous of have the Line between Quebec & this Province so 
well settled as to prevent a Dispute hereafter; My Wife & 
daughter will accompany me in this Expedition & if their courage 
will hold out as far as your house I shall take the liberty of 
introducing them to you, & should be very glad when we meet 
to have all the information possible relative to the claims of the 
Indians, that I may be enabled to take the proper steps to satisfy 
them, I am with the greatest Esteem & regard S r . 

Y r most Obedient & humble Serv 1 . 

H: Moore 

INDORSED: June 14 th 1766 

S r . Henry. Moores 


A. L. S. 

[Dublin, June 14, 1766] 

I did my self y e Honour to write to you as did 
Warren and Sir John reccommending to your protection a 
young] gentleman who is a relation of mine, but unfortunate 
when a man was killed was tho' no ways access [ory 
his Country has been some time wandering very 
expe[nsive who is one of the best of men, I need say 

no more that the boy is extreemly honist and an 

admirable | | may be made an extreeme usefull person 

your [recommejnding this boy to some buiseness to prevent his 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 269 

being [ ] to his family will lay me under the highest 

[obligations, I expect your Brother and son who are | 
well in town next week they will or have wrote | | the 

same subject I am D r Sir W m . with my best | | to all 

y r . family your very Sincere 

Tho s . Osborne 

]es coffee house Dublin 14 th June 1766 

A. L. S. 

New york 1 5 lh June 1766 

[ ] Ten days I arrived in Town, being very 

[ ] longer. Till your hurry of Business was over 

] the pleasure of your agreeable company for a 
[ ] return you my hearty thanks for the 

services [ ] you which I shall allways study to 

deserve. [ the seventeenth you mention something 

concerning [ you beleived to be on board the 

Coventry, since when [ ] the Captain if there was 

a man of that name on board wered, that he coud 

not recollect at present as he [ of Town, but on 

his return I shoud call on him & g [ | board & he woud 

make a strict search to find him if he ] Bellows you 

wrote for, coud not procure one ready made 
orderd one made, which I beleive will be finished time | 
with Bogart, As for the Boy you mention in your last 
] ud board at my house. I am agreeable to & shall 
do my to get him a good Schoolmaster, & take all 

the care of him I can [ will be £20 per annum, his 

washing & mending all included being convenient 

you may justly approve, that any services I [can rend]er to you 
& Family, shall be carefully & Chearfully executed 
my house being any time freely at your service — 

270 Sir William Johnson Papers 

]d the letter you inclosed to Doctor Magra, who 
sent me word ] he woud study to do something that 

woud be beneficial to you [I heajrtily wish he may meet with 
success in his performance. 

] my respect to you & Family in which my wife 
joins me 

I am your most Ob 1 hble Serv' 

William Darlington 
[ ] William Johnston B l 

] gs you ordered shall send by Cap" Bogart 
] for the Billiard Table I expect every hour. 


S r William Johnson B*. 

Johnsons Hall 

INDORSED : New York 1 5 th . June 1 766 

M r . Darlingtons Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 315, is listed a letter of June 15th from 
Oliver De Lancey, New York, declaring hesitation to purchase the lands 
bequeathed to William Cosby unless they were conveyed to his mother, 
Mrs. Cosby, before he became insane (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:830; Q, 2:482). 


D. S. 

Fort Pitt June 16 th . 1766 
] Currency 
On Sight hereof of this my fir[st draft or] My Second of 
the same Tenor & Date not | [d, please to pay Unto 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 271 

Mes rs . Bayton [Wharjton & Morgan Or Order Two Thousand 
Three Hundred [Twenty] One pounds, Nine Shillings & Eight 
pence New [York] Currency being the Amount of my Ac- 
counts — against the Crown transmitted to your Honour. 

I am Sir 

Y r . most Obed'. Servant 

Geo: Croghan 

The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall — 

INDORSED: Baynton Wharton & Morgan 


New York June 16 lh 1766 
Dear Sir, 

The inclosed Extracts from Letters which I have just received 
from Lieu 1 : Colonel Campbell," will acquaint you of what has 
lately happened at the Detroit, and I presume the Reports you 
had heared before was a Mixture of the two Affairs related in 
the above Extracts. The Indians of S': Josephs Seem deter- 
mined not to let us rest in Peace. Lieu 1 . Col°. Campbell has 
proposed to attack their Village, but I think that Project rather 
too premature, till we endeavor to accomodate Matters, & get 
Satisfaction by other Methods; and this we Must endeavor to 
do by the best Means that can be devised, in which I am to 
desire your opinion and upon which I should be Glad you would 
write to your People at the Detroit. If the two Prisoners taken 

1 In the Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

- Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell, of the 1 7th regiment, command- 
ing at Detroit. See extracts of April 10th and May 10th. 

272 Sir William Johnson Papers 

by the Detachment, do not belong to the Nation which has done 
the Mischief, I can't see either Reason or Justice in detaining 
them. The Affair of the Negro puzzles me a good deal, as by 
a Clause in the late Mutiny Act, it is provided, that when any 
Crimes shall be committed in the Forts &c a . to which no Civil 
Jurisdiction shall extend, The Partys are to be Sent to the 
Inhabited Country and delivered up to the first Civil Magistrate 
with their Crimes &c a . This Method will never answer our 
Purposes in giving Satisfaction to the Indians, as in the present 
Case. It were to be wished if the Negro is past all Doubt guilty 
of the Murder, That the Indians had put him to Death, & saved 
us Trouble. I realy don't know what do in it, but should be 
glad you would write to L l . Col°. Campbel and your own People, 
upon it, and see what we can do in the Affair that you think will 
be the most Satisfactory. Perhaps getting some of them to be 
present at Albany at the Fellow's Tryal, and if the Act can be 
fully proved upon him, the seeing him executed might convince 
them of our Desire to do them Justice. 

I write a few Lines to L f . Col°. Campbell which I send open 
& you will please after Perusal to Seal and forward with your 
own Letters if you shall find an opportunity, to get Letters to 
Detroit before I can meet with any. 
I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson 

INDORSED: June 16 th . 1766 

Gen 1 . Gages Letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 273 

A. L. S. 

New York /9"« June 1766 

you[rs of] the 1 7 th . wherein I mentioned 
you Order I woud send up with Bogart 
] am Viz 2 Boxes Tallow Candles, 2 D° spermaceti 
Steel 2 Jarrs raisons, 1 Case of Oyl, & 1 pair 
| smiths bellowes, & for Captain Daniel Claus [ 
China Marked DC&SWI 1 Barrel rum & 1 Port [ ] I 

have wrote to Doctor Stringer & Inclosed a [ ] of the 

whole, The Boy you may send down whenever you think 
proper, I have got one Jackson [ ] good Schoolmaster, 

that lives nigh my house to take him who has promised to take 
all the care he possibly can in regard to his learning. I under- 
stand that one Kelly that was up last year has mentioned my 
name in a letter to you so think proper to acquaint you that I 
know nothing of him but think he has taken a great deal of 
assurance in so doing So with the Compliments of my wife 
& family 

I remain your hble serv f to Comm d . 

William Darlington 


sir William Johnson B'. 
Johnsons Hall 

274 Sir William Johnson Papers 


L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall June 19 lh , 1766 
Revr d . Sir 

As I am now in Councils with a Number of the Six Nations, 
and the whole Mohawk Castle who are met on a verry unhappy 
affair, which I greatly fear will baffle all my endeavours for 
peace, and which the Bearer (who is now on the wing) will 
be able to give you some acctt of. I have only time to let you 
know that Thomas an Oneida was so far on his way as this to 
pay you a Visit, but was prevented proceeding, on acctt of the 
Death of his Uncle, which is to be in a few days condoled by 
me and the 2 Mohawk Castles so that it would not be proper 
for him to be absent by any means. I write this at his desire. 
I hope your son may have found benefit by the Medicine I sent 
him, nothing would give me more pleasure than to hear of its 
having a good effect, as I am with sincere regard Revrd Sir Y r 

& verry Humble Servant 

(signed) W M . JOHNSON 
P't my compliments to M r . 
Kirkland if with you. 
The Revr d . M r . Wheelock. 


A. L. S. 

New York 20 th . June 1766 — 
His Excellency having on the Ninth Instant 
the Council two Petitions, one of Francis Pfister 
Lieutenant; the other of James Duane" and his 

1 In the library of Dartmouth College. 
* See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 396. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 275 

associates,] I was directed by his Excellency to inclose you 
there] of, and to desire your Opinion and Information 
| the first ; whether the Lands prayed for are Vacant 
whether they are already purchased, and if they 
whether the Indians lay any Claim to the Lands 
| as to the Second; whether there are any Lands in 
the loc]ation described in the Petition vacant, and if there 
], as the Petitioner desires only leave to Purchase 
] whether there are any and what Objections to the 
Gran [ting of] such Leave, — The Petitions are Inclosed and I 
beg your [ ] Answer. — 

I am 
your most obed f . 

humble Servant 

G w Banyar. 

The Hono ble Sir William Johnson 
Baronet at Fort Johnson 

Mohawk Country 


Detroit, June 20 th 1766 

The bearer M r Crawford has [been] for some time trans- 
acting th [ | he was sent upon by M r Croghan | 
Belts & Speeches to the Chief | ]al Nations of Indians, 
inviting [ ] to meet you at Ontario. M r [Craw] fords 
Ace', of Expenses on the [ amounts to a greater 
Sum [than] I could well immagine tho' He me 
that he has given them [no] more then was absolutely necessary 
[I am] far from thinking him the [best] person to be employd 
on the [servi]ce he has been on as I take [him] to be rather 
too Simple & easily imposed on by the Indians 

276 Sir William Johnson Papers 

him Justice I beleave he [ ] the best of his judgement. 

I have not been [able to our Quarel w h . the 

Potowatte[mis nor] do I beleve I ever [can | they seem 

to be very [stubborn? ] I stile detain the two Potowattames 

] untile I hear from you concern [ing what shjould 
be done with them. 
I am with much regard 

Dear sir 

Your most Obed [ 

John Campbell 
Sir Will m . Johnson Bar 1 . 


In the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass., printed 
by C. H. Lincoln in its Transactions, 1 1 :47, is a draft of a letter of 
June 20th to Governor Franklin, expressing approval of the scheme for 
establishing a colony in the Illinois country and willingness to forward it, 
and urging Franklin to bring to justice white murderers of Indians, thus 
warding off Indian vengeance. Also printed in Collections of Illinois 
State Historical Library, 11:318-19, cd. C. W. Alvcrd and C. E. 


Johnson hall June 20 th . 1766 

[I have had] the favor of yours of the 6th in[st. with the 
inclosure] containing Reasons for establishing th[e Colony &ca 
which] I had before received [& thereon gave my] Sentiments 
last Month to Gov r . Franklyn [from whom I] have now a 
Letter on the same Subject. 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. Burned portions supplied from a 
copy in Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1 1 :3 19-20, 
ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 277 

As I then Signified my approbation of your design accord- 
ing [to the plan pr]oposed I can add little more at present than 
[my Assurances] of Contributing all in my power consistent 
with [my duty for] promoting or carrying it into Execution, 
[and to that End] I shall enlarge upon what I have already 
[Wrote in] fav r . of a Colony there, And Lay a Copy of your 
paper before the Ministry [with my] recommendation of it, in 
the manner requested [' Stating the proposed boundaries [on a] 
Seperate Sheet as Submitting the same to them, I [shall not] 
take upon me to alter any part but presuming you will [judge] 
kindly of me should I point out any thing which might a[dmit 
of a] little correction I observe that the Reasons which retard [ed 
the incr]ease of the Ilinois Colony cannot be totely attributed to 
[the] Inhabitants being Subject to Military Authority, & 
obliged [to] March when Ordered as this Was the Case in 
Common with [all] Canada, but much more practised in the 
Latter than at the [Illinois] without it the French could not 
have held out so long as they [did, As] the Affair appears to 
me The Country Was too remote, and the Inhabitants of Can[ada 
too few] for us to Expect a Larger Colony considering [the 
latene]ss of their first Settlement there, and the Advantagious 
[Trade by the] Lakes & the Ottawa River in which the French 
Were m[ostly Engaged] We have nothing to fear from a Mili- 
tary Establishment [from] which a young Colony [Will derive 
m my advantages particularly in] the Circulation of Cash, and 

ie severity of their discipline will always] make them very 
necessary for [Defence of the Country in case of a War and 
render it] more respectable in the Eyes of an En[emy, for 
altho' in the Woods Woodsmen] are the best, yet in any other 
Situation [we must Consider a Regular force] as our Surest 
defence — / hope you [will Excuse the freedom of these] Re- 
marks which I leave entirely to your [Consideration, nor do I] 
insist on their importance as require[s an alteration in youi 

1 Matter italicized and in brackets crossed out in the original. 

278 Sir William Johnson Papers 

paper.] All which I shall Send to Gov r . Franklyn [to be 

Should your proposals receive any [Advantage from my] 
representation it will afford me much [satisfaction as I am] 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 315, is entered a letter of June 21st from 
Commissary B. Roberts, Niagara, mentioning the capture and examina- 
tion of Isaac Todd, charged with illicit trading at Toronto, other instances 
of such trade, the monopoly at La Baye, a complaint touching the inter- 
preter, and inconveniences arising from the commissary's limited means 
and authority. Destroyed by fire. 


A. L. S. 

Detroit June 23 d . 1766 

Your kind favour of the 1 7 th . of Ap 1 . I received [yesterday] 
with your appointment of me to be commissary of [Indian] affairs 
at the Illinois, You may be assured I shall [ ad] ear to your 

Instructions, And shall leave this [in two or three] days for Fort 
Pitt, to go down the Ohio — Upon [advis]ing with my friends, 
Tis thought, the best, Safest and Most Expeditious Rout I could 
take. And Should M r . Croghan have left Fort Pitt, I shall Soon 
joine him at Illinois. 

The honour You have done me in appointing me to that im- 
portant Trust, I shall ever Greatfully Acknowledge, I foresee 
many Difficultys in the Discharge of that duty, and only wish, 
that through a Stedy application for the General good, I may 
be Capable of Acquiting myself with honour and Credit to 
the Department. 

Three Illinois Indians are here, a Principal Chief, a Son of 
Dequones & another, they would have been with you at the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 279 

Congress, had not Pondiac Stab'd the Chief, I hope he will 
recover, I have applyed to the Commedant for provisions for 
them till he recover and Shall treat them Very Ci[villy which 
may be of] Service as they pass through So [many Indians on 
their] Return. 

I now beg leave to [congratulate you on] the honour con- 
fered on your Son [and doubt] not he will continue to merrit 
Ev[ery mark of Esteem] Shewn him; I shall procure for y[ou 
what curiosities] I can, My Compliments to your family [I am 
with] Much Respect 


Your most 
ob*. Serv'. 

Edwa[rd Cole] 
To Sir William Johnson 

A. L. S. 

Niagara 23 June 1 766 

] Young a trader of Montreal Arrived here 

says] he left Detroit the 6 th ins' the same morning 

an ex] press arrived informing that an Indian Chief 

dr Jinking with the Powtawatamy's that they cut off 

[his nos]e. he said he'd make his nation revenge it. they [ ]d 

him, Scalped him & Cut him all to pieces, he [thinks the] Indian 

Chief was a Huron, but is not Certain only that it was a Chief 

of one of the Nations that lived about Detroit 

He says I may depend on this being true as he hud [ 
from people of Credit also from M r . Crawford who told him 
that Pondiack was to be with him the [18 th ? was to meet 

about 30 Cannoes of Indians [ river of Detroit 

on the 10 th — 

Young Says the Indians are very Jalouse of pondiac & want 
to Chuse another Chief they think we make to much of him 

280 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Some Senecas from the Ohio came in yesterday they said they 
heard a representative of Sir William's was [ ] they 

were hunting near Lake Erie & they came in [ ho] ping 

that he'd pity them & give them some C [ ] er. I am very 

much at a loss what to do [So many Indians?] were never in here 
Since this place was in [ ] I fancy they will speak 

to me to day about the | ] Murders to the Southward, 

some Indians that [ drunk, some days agoe men- 

tiond great disgust [among] st the Nations concerning it, I am 
loth to let [ ] Indians go away discontented now 

the Nations [ ] coming down to the Congress & I 

am affraid least [ ] giving any presents would not be 

allow, however ] do the best in my power that the 

Service shant Suffer, tho I should be out of Pocket 

I remain With the greatest respect 

Your most affectionate 
humble Servant 

B Roberts 
indorsed: [ ] 

Ans d . July 4 th 


A. L. S. 

Fort stanwix June 25 th . 1766 

It gives me great consern to find the Horse you was 

to lend me is not Yet returned, I realy thought 

Johnson Hall the morning of the next Day — 

have sent him back the Day I had him from 

You with M r . Brown the Clergiman, who told me he was to 

place the next Morning, and w d . be sure to 

return However Capt n . M c Leod informs me 

that nothwithstanding [ ] promise, he has not yet 

Posl-War Period, 1763-/774 281 

returned him — I assure [ ] me a great dale of 

Unessiness, to think I should [ ] the least cause to 

belive I should be negligent [ ]g that conserned 

You — and I'm sorry to find [ ] M r . Browns 

Calling should be guiltey of such a gr[ ] but I hope by 

this time heel have recolected him s [elf 

I shall be very particular at Misha[ ] ina in what 

you spoke to me of, and give you the earliest [ 
inteligence in my power — 

I heave the Honour to be with the greatest respect 

Your most obedient 

and most humble Ser[vant] 

Rob t . Johnston 
W m . Johnson 


A L. S. 

[June, 1766] 

I reced your Favor, twas without Date so 

ma]y have lain long in the post Office or on the 

hear such favorable Accounts concerning the 

]d your Map, and think I understand it, and now 

| your Letter, and I begin with the last Paragraph 

| short as to that, & having more to say as to some 

licen]ce to purchase from the Indians, cannot be made 

| Person, I understand the Gov r . by a late order must 

Purchase himself, and must purchase it himself 

King, so that we must wait till he goes to Sir 

William Johnsons] which will be soon, or we must be at the 

Expence [ ] Indians to New York — the first I 

prefer for many Reasons | | will save Expence, and I 

think we ought to stay til [the Kayaderosseras] Patentees have 

settled their Disputes with the Indians ] ase before, 

282 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they will dispute the Lands within their [Claim if? they] will 
not with the Indians — and if they should hear of our purchase 
they will either insist to have the preference themselves, or will 
refuse to settle with the Indians in hopes to [ ] selves of the 

Purchase we shall make — I have great D[oubt that] Beekmans 
Settlement of the Bounds of the Cayoderasseras [with] 
the Indians will be effectual, and I will endeavor to [ 
to you — I believe the Cayaderosseras Patent is in joint 
the Nature of which Estate is, that whichsoever of 
the paten [tees | Sale, or other Conveyance of his Share, it 

falls to the Surv[ivors ] the longest Liver takes all — If it 

be not in Joi[nt ] must be what is called a Tenancy in 

Common, the N[ature of which is] that until a Division every 
Patentee, & all their [Heirs ] an equal Right in every Part 

of the Tract — Hence [ ] the Case, a Release from 

no Persons will be effectu[ of] the longest Liver only — , 

and in the latter [ ] person claiming must release, 

for | ] discharge the Right of another — [ 

Tenancy, I presume has been converted [ as] they 

propose dividing it among the Descendants of?] the Original 
Patentees — and yet this may [ ] that no Survivor- 

ship should take Place, or [ ] that the parties 

may have consented as thinking [ ] Survivorship 

should take place. Whether it exists [ ] not alter 

the Nature of the Estate [ | stands no Conveyance 

will be safe a Person] having a Claim there Many 

of them | they execute, it will be of no Validity, 

Many of them | may have streamed into a Mul- 

titude of Channels) | and many of them doubtless 

not to be found — How [ ] any other Persons 

execute any Deed to the Indians [ ] it them & their 

assigns against all future Claims, unless he or they are [ 
Claimants? He can bind all those that can & do an [ 
tho he cannot bind Miners who cannot authorize him [ 
he has no Power, and in future Times We may be as | ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 283 

these Claimants, almost as we are now, for they will | 
further Lands within the parcel leased by others, [ 
to be done Perfect Powers for the Reasons above given are 
| expected, and less than these for the same Reasons 
will not I can think of but two ways, the first an 

Act of Assembly to ] Claimants in the Lands 

released — The second is, that all the [ ] that can 

be come at, execute [ the Indians their Heirs 

Successors and Assignes, covenanting [mutu]ally, that no Person 
having now, or that hereafter may have [ ] Lands 

under their Patents, shall ever claim the same, or [ 
the Indians or their Assignes, and that every Person so [ 
release to the Indians and their Heirs & Assignes — the M[inors 
as they] come to age, Fame Coverts as soon as they can, 
Absent [ees can be found &ca — And every Person that 

executes to the [ ] besides the other Common 

Covenants enter into a se[perate him] self & his Heirs 

severally, to warrant & defend the In[dians lan]ds released 

from the Claims of all Persons under the Cayaderosseras 
Patent. — All the Covenants should be so several | ] ed 

hereafter, Suits might be brought against any [ 
are joint and not several [ t]heir several Heirs may be 

changed [ ] dy — for where an Obligation is joint 

]sued together, and in such a Number of 
incr]ease of their Numbers in sucessive | 
difficulty) it will be almost impossible to [ ]ay be, 

and if that is discovered it will be | | all as some may 

live out of the province [ and yet We could not 

proceed unless they [ ] & brought in by arrest, The 

power given [ ]else to transact this Business 

should [ ] , and should be drawn with all these 

powers [ ] if he exceeds the Authority given, it will 

be 1 ] at least — Too great Care cannot be taken 

in this [ Security we should tread with Caution, 

We may be Beekmans Powers are incomplete, 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

if they are [ ] done til they are complete — But to 

return — this second [ ] Id not secure the Indians or 

their assignes from the [ ] who do not execute, nor 

even from their recovering the Land [ ] ble them and 

their Assignes, by Suit to recover that [ ]ts, if the 

Parties have it — if they should not have it, [ ] I 

therefore think they should engage after this is done, to procure 
an act of [ af] firming it and barring all other Claimants 

— this would [ ] . You may if you think proper shew 

this Letter to [ ] Johnson, tho I have wrote it in a 

Hurry & it is incorrect [ ] is sufficiently clear to point 

out, where the Difficulty has [ ] can be done to remedy 

it — as he is not only concerned to [ Indians, but in his 

own Interest also I could wish he wa [ 
of this Letter, yet I would not be | 
applied to least 111 Nature may contr[ 
if not an attempt to prevent the paten [tees of Kayaderosseras] 
from settling with the Indians — I have wrote 
and am almost tired — I did not expect our intended | ] s 

within this Claim — Pray present my Respects to [Sir William 
John] son & return him my Thanks for his intended good 
] — Compliments also to Mess rs . H. & P. Van 
Schaack [ ] same from all of Us 

I am 

D r . Sir Y r . most h [ 
Serv 1 . 

| ist the Substance 

] t been particularly 

over] officiousness, 


J. T. Kempe 



Johnson hall June 28 lh . 1766 

[M r Wetherhe]ad delivered me your favor of the 
[ which I deferred answering 'till the 

have missed you on the Circuit, that Gen 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 285 

] ted you with my hearty disposition to promote 

] I beg you will repose the utmost confidence in 

[ ] for your Interest in that or any other Affair in 

[ ] 

Since the receipt of your Letter M r . Beekman [ 
the Committee of Kayaderosseras (who last year [ 
amicable Accomodation with the Indians) and j his 

proposals before the Mohocks they were unanimously | 
they declaring they desired to hear no more about 
was a fraud, that as it had been totally neglected by [ 
'till the reduction of Canada, they presumed that the [ 
imagined they could now do what they pleased, but they | 
them to reflect on the consequences of depriving them of their 
[hunting] Grounds, M r . Beekman is therefore returned without 
Effecting [any] thing with them, & from the present disposition 
of all the Ind\ [occasioned by the sev 1 . Murders lately com- 
mitted in different [ ] upon the Ind s . I foresee what 
Lengths they might go [in con] junction with the rest. — 

Since M r Beekmans departure M r Wetherhead has communi- 
cated to me Your Letter which sets the Matter in so [plain a 
ligh]t that it is easy to perceive what might have been the conse- 
quence of a partial Release to the Indians, so that the Aff[air 
] as it was, and really I much doubt whether the Indians 
[ ] by a Litigation of the Affair having Strong 

prejudice and [ ] interest to encounter with, & I am 

very loth to put the [ ] and Additional [ 

which must be the Case [ 

Be so good as to ] method you would propose to 

[ ] cbtaining redress, as the Affair 

Court it is easier to foresee than [prevent? they be neglected 
there Likewise. — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 316, are listed the following letters of 
June 28th. One to the lords of trade on the appointment of commis- 

286 Sir William Johnson Papers 

saries, the coming meeting with Pondiac and other western chiefs, the 
murder of Indians by frontiersmen, a conflict growing out of antirent 
movements, the need of putting Indian affairs on a basis independent of 
local interference, the proposed boundary between settlements and Indian 
lands, and his request, here renewed, that Richard Shuckburgh may be 
appointed secretary for Indian affairs (printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:837-38); and one to Hen'y Seymour Conway, one of his 
Majesty's principal secretaries of state, showing the effect of crimes and 
encroachments in rousing Indian hostility, the need of a uniform plan in 
his department, the bad policy of the English colonists toward the Indians 
and the readiness of Frenchmen to take advantage of English mistakes 
(printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:834-36). 

L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall June 28 1766 

I have received both your favors, the former with the Depu- 
tation and the latter with the Seal and I return you many thanks 
for your trouble on this Occasion. I hope to make a good use 
of my office and to render masonry as respectable as possible in 
these parts to which end I shall take care whom I admit and act 
in strict conformity to my Seniors. 

There are but few people in the Country who will answer the 
purpose, however I know some that will render themselves 
worthy and the places adjacent will always furnish us with many 
Social Meetings as the neighborhood begins to improve. Neither 
do I despair of having some of the Fraternity from your 
parts now and then among which number be assured it would 
give me a particular pleasure to see you. 

Both my Wardens desire to be kindly remembered to you. 
P. S. I wrote for y e book of constitutions, a copy of their bye 
laws and any other Books necessary for me to have. 

Wm. Johnson. 

1 Copy made by Rev. Wolcott W. Ellsworth, of Johnstown, N. Y., 
before the fire; the original was destroyed. 

a :r 

.1 Jt ina^A m I . »*/ 

Boundary Line Between The Colonies and The Indians Proposed By The 

Lords <>t Trade 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 287 


Johnson hall, June 28 th 1766 

I thank you for your favor of the 14 th . Inst and am glad you 
approve of my proposal concerning which You may be assured 
of every office in my power, as well as Gen 1 Gage, for whose 
Interest I am on the Look out. It will give me the more pleasure 
if I succeed to your Satisfaction as I know the Tracts I have in 
View would never be Sold to any person without my approba- 
tion, and I may safely averr this, as I can with truth affirm that 
I have never abused the Confidence of the Indians or taken any 
unjust advantage of my influence with them. 

I deferr saying any thing farther on this Subject 'till our Inter- 
view which I ardently wish for [have the pleasure to find will be 
soon] but I think it necessary to inform you that the Messenger 
whom I sent last March to invite Pondiac & the West". Chiefs 
to a Congress with me, at Ontario this Summer, has Sent to Let 
me know that they are on the Way & will be there at the End of 
this Month. — I have accordingly dispatched one of my Officers 
to receive & treat them kindly 'till my arrival, as from the Acc t$ 
of Murders daily committed by our people they cannot be in a 
very good humor, As This Will Oblige me to Set out in a few 
days I might beg the favor of knowing from you, whether you 
think of proceeding on your Tour in less than a Month by wch 
time I shall be back I should gladly wait if it was possible but 
my intended absence being so very short I hope it may answer 
your Convenience & that you will Excuse the freedom I use 
As the Land Affair cannot go on well with*, me & that there will 
be much more Leisure when I return, to effect sev'. Matters to 
your Satisfaction. There are Two Valuable Tracts in each of 

1 In the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in the 
handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

288 Sir William Johnson Papers 

which I proposed You to have a Share, and I shall also take 
Care to serve the General as it is not the Interest of those who 
applied to me about it to dispute that point with me I have so 
much to say on these & other Subjects that I must deferr them till 
our meeting. 

As to my Lands att Conajohare I have already met with such 
unreasonable & Indeed unexpected opposition from the Council, 
and I find so many people determined that I shall not have a 
foot of Land purchased from the Indians that I am rather unwill- 
ing to make any more Application until I receive an answer from 
Home. I am nevertheless highly Obliged to you for y r . kind 
Offers of Service on the Occasion & shall thankfully make use 
of them, If I hear nothing Satisfactory from Home — I shall be 
very proud of the honor of a Visit from Lady & Miss Moore at 
this Wild place and shall Accomodate them with one of my 
Carriages from Albany hither should they have occasion for it. 

I must beg the favor of your Answer respecting the time you 
think to Set out for the reasons I have before Mentioned, and be 
assured that I am, 

With the Most perfect Esteem, Sir, &c 

Gov R . S R H. Moore Bar 1 


A. L. S. 

[Fort Erie, June 30 th ] 1766 
Pondiac?] arriv'd here with the Other Chiefs & 
Interpreter & this morning they look 
[ ]try with the Reception I gave them they 

from the Fort the night before the 
arriv'd | be a few Shotts fire'd at pigeons 

which ] they imagin'd that they were all to 

be put ]h in these back places told them that 

they [ ] massacred — but the treatment I gave 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 289 

Pondiac oblig'd Pondiack to say that he now 

believes lies no longer & that he was sure they 

were his [ bro]thers & that they did not intend to 

kill him [ M r . Crawford drew four days 

provision for them & meat they got pleas'd 

them very much — M r . [Crawford] appear'd to be very As- 
sideous in his bussiness & I [ ] tell you that I 

look on him to be a very good man | | diligent in what 

he has been sent about — I also ta [ke the ] of recommending 
the interpreter Chenes to you as has behav'd very 

well on this Occasion — & M r . Cicote [ ]man at Detroit 

has been very Assideous in persuading j ] to Come 6c in 

removing all these fears of being ill us'd [ arrival] at 

Oswego he takes a great | | of notice of what Cicote [ 

him — I begg pardon for taking the Liberty of recomme[nding] 
people to you but by what I see here obliges me to speak [ 
the manner I do — There is a young man here in M r [ 
but at this time is not allow'd to trade here the Indians are 
] of as he does them all the justice imaginable & dont 
trade being refus'd them here — if it is possible 
to a [How him to] carry on his bussiness here it oblige me much 
as he is I hope the treatment I gave the Indians 

here will [ 

I am S r . Your Most Obedient & most Hble Servfant] 

Jn°. Carden 

A. L. S. 

[Detroit, June 30"' 17]66 

[Since I wrote] you I have altered my [Rout, and go by 
the] Meamies, with a french man [and the Illinois] Indians I 
mentioned to you, I am Just [now Embarking] and doubt not 
of Soon meeting [M r Croghan,] the S 1 . Joseph Indians have 
Vol. V— 10 

290 Sir William Johnson Papers 

takeing [a prisoner at] the Illinois, with Which I Suppose they 
[purpose to dem]and the two prisoners in Gard here. 

I am D r sir 

Your mos 1 . ob l . Serv 1 . 

Edw d Cole 


A. D. S. 

Detroit, June 30, 1766. 
Whereas Henry Van Schaack and I have [ 
our Acct s . and his given me his Note of hand | 
two hundred and twenty eight pounds two Shil[ 
New York Currency being the ballance due; For the | 
Books he cannot render me an Acco f . of what [ 
Wetherhead has advanced me on his acc ts . I therefor [p 
there present that I will deduct the Same out of the [Money 
aforesaid, as Soon as I know the sums advanced for my [in 
Detroit 30 June 1766 Edw: Cole 

Sam Fleming 
INDORSED: M r Edward Coles promissory 

Note of hand 

Detroit 30 th 

June 1 766 — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


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294 Sir William Johnson Papers 



Albany 30 June 1766 — 

[Sir] W m . Johnson by M r . Rob 1 . Adams.To A. C. Cuyler D r 

[ ] white Penniston q f . 97 Yards a 3/ £14 11 - 

[ ] Ya Garlix hnnen a 55/ 8 5 — 

[2 M.] best Holland Oyl'd Flints a 40/ 4 - - 

[ ] Nest brass Kettles w f . 4 1 6tt a 3/6 72 1 6 - 

] brigs for a bag for the flints 1 6 

£99 13 6 

INDORSED: Abraham Cuylers 

Bill Parcells £99 . 1 3 . 6 

A. L. S. 

Niagara 31 June [I July?] 1766 

[ ]ng Arrived Pondiack & the other N[ations? 

] me about 12 o Clock I received them [ ] 

ceremony's told them the Nature of [my ] assured them of 

your attention & assist [ance ] welfare Said I had many 

other things to [ would hear much better from 

your [ ] were now so near you twould be neadless 

to | ] Pondiack said I had received them very [well 

and giv]en them Tobacco which the Indians love [ ]well 

& rum which they loved above all th[ings ] the Great God 

had Ordain'd we should be the [fa]thers. & that they would be 
our Children that [ ] little witt to thank me properly 

for his good reception he said when 'twas necessary to Speak 
to y[ou at the] Councill he'd shew he did not want Witt. 

After having Smoked & drank a Couple of drams ea [ 
the left me to prepare to set out in the morn[ing were] glad the 
Vessell was ready. I just now offerd ] the 


v '- 


Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 295 

Vessell should go tonight but he was [a little] drunk & did not 
Chuse it he Kissed me [again the whole of them seem in 

a very good [humor] I find the Old Mud, the Seneca Chief 
who [ ] here by Capt Arnot Came in [ 

but some how by the Change of [Commandants?] taken very 
little notice of & sent [ ] presents, is a little offended, 

If [ ] the Congress this hurt may be [ 


I write [ ] must conclude & leave [ 

M r . Crawford who I have Supplyd [ ] pounds 

York Cury. 

I am with respect 

Your humb [Servant] 

B. Roberts 
excuse the vessel is putting off 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 317, is entered the account of Edward 
Cole, commissary at Detroit, with Edward Mumford, dated July 1 st. 
Destroyed by fire. 


A. D. 5. 

Niagara 1 st July 1766 
[At] Sight please pay to M r . Edward Pol [lard] [or order?] 
Seven Pounds & two Pence N Y Cy. [ ] for 

Pondiac & his Party & Oblige [ 


Your Hu ser', 
Hugh Craw [ford] 
[Lieu'.] Benj n . Roberts 
[Commissary] of Indian 

296 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Kingston July y e . I s1 . 1766 

[ ] favour of the 9 th . of June last I 

Received [ ] Mill Stones have Laid at the landing 

]d not Oppertunity to Send them to Albany 

[ 1 

[ ] the Mill Stones Now up by M'. W m . W[ 

| to Doctor Stringer you are to pay the [ 
] the Mill Stones, I hope the Mill Stones [ 
]your likeing, 
[You] Wrote me If I Could not Appoint a per [son at 
Alban]y to Receive the Money for the Mill Stones [ 
the price of the Mill Stones which is £19. and [ ]ck 

Swart of the City of Albany, whom I Sha[ it for 

me and his Receipt Shall be your Discharge] Not Ready made 
Another pair of Mill Stones [ Git them Made as 

Soon as possible and Send | | Albany for you, 

I am with Due Regard your Sincere friend and 

Humble Servant 

J. Hasbrouck 


D. S. 

Niagara 1 July 1766 

[Hugh Crawford 1 acco' of Pondiac & Party 

To Edward Pollard D r . 

& Sundries 2 . . 1 . .6 

[ ]kfast I..- 

dijnners & Liquor II..— 

[ ] Fresh Pork 8 d 4.. 6.. 8 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 297 

[Received] at the same time, the Sum of Seven [pounds &] 
two Pence N. Y. Cy; by M r Crawfords d[raft on L'.] Benj a . 
Roberts Commissary of Indian [affairs] 

for M r . Edward Pollard 

Alexander Macombe 
[ I] Certify that the 

[ ] Money has been 

[expende]d by M r Crawford at 
[Niagara] on Ace', of Pondiack & his Party 

B. Roberts Commissary 

of Indian affairs 



Schenectady 2 J . July 1766 
[Sir Wil]liam Johnson 

Bo', of Duncan, Phyn & Ellice 
] Glasses N 1 a 17/6 
]itto 2 

Jitto 3 27/ 

] tto 4 30/ 


] Wyre 4/ 

] Jews Harps 19/ 

] Ditto 22/ 

jwl Blades 6/8 


] Brass Rings 4 6 

] for Packing 

] 57 Steel Traps 9/ 





























£65 9 

r' M r . Rob'. Adams — 
INDORSED: Messrs. Duncan [ ] 

Bill parcells £[65 9s] 

298 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

[Ontario, July 3, 1766] 

] - 4 

] - 4 

] - 3 

] & 1 ^ Self, both for Indians - 4 

] 1 B : Tody to Mohawks 2/ - 3 

Mo]hawks2/1 / 4GallD°.toCayugas2/ - 4 
I]ndians in the afternoon, 6/ D°. in 
y e Evens. 

Containing 33 J/2 Gallons a 8/ 13 8 

] Doz. Pipes 3/ 3 oz Brass Wires |/ 2 -15 
Council 1 4/ 4 Dinners to Pondiack & 

others 1 2 

] Dinner 1 2 

hooks 1/6 2 Bowls Tody in the 

Evening 1 5 

] in the Morning 4/ 4 D°. to Ottawas 8/ - 1 2 

]ndiack 1/1 D°. to Interpreter 2/ - 3 

To]dy to Pondiack Interpreter & others - 6 

] from Funda — — 9 
] in the forenoon 4/ & D°. to M r . Craw- 
ford & Indians 8 — 1 2 
] Indians 2/ 3 Bowls tody to D°. 6/ - 8 
]ding to Interpreter 9/4J/2 3 y d . 

Ribbon to do 7/6 - 16 101/ 2 
Tody to M r . Crawford Interpreter & 

Indians — 6 
I Penknives 3/ 3 Bowls tody to M r . 

Craw & Ind*. 6/ - 9 

] T 1 self & Indians 4/ 1 Sheep 20/ 1 4 
] M r . Crawford & Indians & 1 D°. 

! I Self & Indians — 6 

Tody in the forenoon — 6 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



]gar to Aaron 7Yl d. Strouding to 

D°. 1/ - 1 

Bowls Tody to D°. & Hurons — 16 

Gall rum to Nicholas 2/ 1 pint D°. to 

Onondagas 1/ — 3 

rum Tody in the forenoon 
D°. Spirits in the Afternoon to Aaron 

& others — 6 

Tobacco & |/4 Doz n . pipes — 4 

Bowls rum Tody in the forenoon to M r . 

Craw d . & Ind s . - 4 


rum to Mohawks 9 d 6 B. Tody in the 

Afternoon 1 2/ 
B : Sug r . to Hurons 7^/^d 3 Bowls 

Tody to D°. 6/ 
Brass Kittle cost 5/ 1 pint rum to 

Squaws 1/ 
Tobacco to Interpreter 2/6 2 B:rum 

Tody to Ottawas 3/ 
Loaf & I/2H Brown Sug r . to Pondiack 

1/7j/ 2 2B:TodytoD°. 4 
Bowls rum tody to Aaron & others 
Brown Sug r . to Interpreter 
] Bowls Tody to M r . Crawford & Indians [ 
] paint at Different a 1 4/ [ 

2] B. Tody & [dinners 

D°. to Pondiack & others 
] pint Madeira Wine to D°. & [ 

B : Tody to M r . Crawford & Indians | 
] Q»/ Wine to King Bunt 3/ 1 pint r[um 
I Bowls rum Tody to M r . Crawford & Ind [ 
] D°. Spirits 4/ & 111 Brown Sug r . to D°. [ 
] Butter & 1/ 2 tt Sug r . 1/7 ! /2 Cash to the [Bunt? 
B: rum Tody to Indians r' or: M r . 
Dinners & 6 B : Tody to Hurons & 

- 12 9 

- 6 7J/ 2 

- 6 

- [5] 6 

- [5] 7i/ 2 

- [ ] 

300 Sir William Johnson Papers 

2 B : Spirits Tody in the Forenoon [ 

2 B : Rum & 1 of Spirit Tody [ 

3 B Tody & pint Wine to Interpreter & Indian [s 

4 Breakfasts for Interpreter & Indians 

5 B : Tody afterward 

3 B : Tody & 2 Dinners 

2 B:Tody [ 

Creditor by 511 1 3 oz . Paint a 1 4/ [ 

Ballance [£89 Is. lid. 

This is to certify that the above ace 1 , is Just and 
receiv'd all the Contents — 


A. L. S. 

Ontario 3 rd . July 1766 
Lady] Susan the 1 st . Instant early in the 
m[orning ] next morning we Set out with a fair 

] to Breakfast she bore all the fattigues 

1 & bad riding with good humor & Spirit 

] tomorrow we expect to set out on boa[rd 

] With a fair Wind for Niagara 

[The tradjers apply'd to me here to procure Liberty [to 

remain on the] other side of the River, where they were sta [tioned 

by Capt. Fuller] I spoke to Captain Rogers to let them rem[ain 

but he said he] had Orders from General Gage to have them 

[at this side the] River. I offerd to Shew him an order from 

General [where all orders] from you concerning Indian affairs 

were to be obey'd, [and that your] direction to the Smith was 

to settle at that side & I imagined you intended] the trade 

should be there, but 'twas all to no purpose 

I have taken the Liberty to mention this to you as I [find 
he thinks] that he is not oblidged to Obey Any Orders, that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 301 

[don't come direc]tly from the General, least I may meet with 
any [difficulty by others] being of the Same Opinion. I have 
known in Such difficul [ties to arise] in other departments till a 
general Order Cleard all [doubts'] 

| has been no trade here since I left this. I hear 
Scarce ]s. Livingston & his boats are returned to 

Canada from arrival at Niagara. I am with the 

greatest truth 


Your most affectionate 

humble Servant 

B. Roberts 


Df. 2 

[Johnson Hall July 4, 1766] 
your favor of the 22 d [ 
that the discovery I made [ ] one of much 

Importance & to acquire ] were my sole 

motives for requesting [ ] discovery to my own 

Suspicions an[ pa] per, before the perusal of it I 

had | ] some Stories & made several Observations 

Justified the Liberty I took especially if 
]er all circumstances, & Since I have accidentally 
heard | | my Opinion. You may be assured of my 

Se[crecy & that the] utmost Caution shall not be wanting on my 
p[art for preventing any ill consequences — I think as you 
do th[at forwarded, but if I can by any Means do 

it & ha [ or]iginal. I am sensible of the difficulties 

we are yet [under ] f s of the One person, but from some 

knowledge of his [principles? present] situation I fear it is in the 

1 The paragraphs relating to Rogers are printed in Journals of Major 
Robert Rogers, p. 221, ed. Franklin B. Hough. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

302 Sir William Johnson Papers 

power of Low Cunning to [ ] atching, and bring matters 

to a Crisis before our [ ] ripe — I wish for an 

Opportunity of offering all my Th [oughts | & Remarks to 

your consideration — 

I have a fresh Acct. of a Murder committed at [Detroit on] 
an Ind n . Chief; but this was done by another Ind n . tho | 

Nation & by other Letters I hear that one of M r . 
Croghans | ] has been Murdered near the Ilinois for not 

having brot them [a sup] ply of Rum, this he has not himself 
wrote, but has trans [mitted ] the proceed 5 with the Ind s . 
Concerns the people Settl[eing & the mur]ders committed, on 
this Subject I find all the Indi[ans are cla]morous, and I am 
now daily perplexed with these [ 

All [ ] Other Affairs at 

prejudices of people here 
Assurance of redress 
| or will it come at all? I believe 
| Councils will not incline to make 
Troops to remove Settlers, and I am 
Gen 1 , dislike ag f . such Troops on this 
of the people may at Last render them 
I fear as Little will be done to prevent 
M[urder of Indians?] as has been Done to redress the Indians 

this Anarchy is Likely to continue 'till the 
Whites & Indians are thoroughly known at 
C | | for the common Good to Explain both, and 

me in your Letters on these matters where our 
coincide may occasion that to be attended 
has been neglected, or obstructed thro' the design 
many hundreds now in England. — 
Nothing is more likely than a [ ] those who 

oment it will doubtless feel it, but the ] pay 

or all at Last, and either open a door desired by m[ 
essening the Army & withdrawing the Outposts, or [ 
Sums on Expeditions &ca to effect a Momentary pfeace 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 303 

no Sooner made than broke thro' the Want of proper [ 
Laws & proper powers for enforcing & rendering | 

I have as Yet only heard that Pondiac[ 
his people & daily Expected, I understand there is no [ at] 

Ontario, this will be a Sad affair Indeed, & I know not [ 
former Letter some reasons for calling him do[wn ] I 

have now more cause to do so, but all all Even[ts 
Glad that you will be pleased [ instructions to] 

Comds Officers at the posts where [ ]cting 

them — I have furnished each 1 [ ] Copys of those 

Articles respecting their [ plan] of the Lords 

of Trade, but as this plan [ ] parliament 

(tho' my Letters inform me that [the Lords of] Trade Greatly 
approve it) it will be necessary [ ] to have 

Your Orders to give the Comissy*. what S[ ] 

they can without which a Commissi w[ | power 

to do any thing & be in a great measure [ traders] &ca 

will do w*. they please. — If at the same time [ 
Directions for Quarters firewood & Provisions for them the Smiths 
[& ] necessary as these articles are hard to be got 

& very Expensive Man]y Traders from Canada, are trading 
at the different [ ] L. Ontario &ca. One Todd 

was taken up at Niagara f [ ] Toronto, & dismissed 

on promising to return imediately to Montreal, 
Contrary he has since disposed of his Cargo by the Way & is 
wait[ing | North Side of the Lake for a fresh supply, others 

are at Ken[te Ca]darachqui &ca — I beg you will take 

it into Consideration | | which there will be no Trade 

at the posts, & the regulations for preventing a] buses & 
frauds will become useless. & the consequence verry d[angerous.] 

I hope the Medalls will be soon up, and as [to provisions] 
I must be obliged to purchase Some from the Inhabitants | 

] Cap*. Rogers sends me Word there are none at his 
post, & I | | very little either at Niagara, or Oswegatchy 

1 Of the commissaries of Indian trade. 

304 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 317, is entered a letter of July 4th from 
Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, Lebanon, discussing missionary and school 
work among Indians, mentioning the ambition in that direction of two 
Yale students and saying that the Rev. Mr Pomeroy and Wheelock's 
son will confer with Johnson about the place for a school 1 (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:365-68; Q, 4:231-32). 

L. S. 2 

[Philad'a July 5th 1766] 

[We do ourselves] the Honour of inclosing you [several 
Letters, which Our] M r . Wharton brought with Him from [Fort 
Pitt, and also] M r . Croghan's Draft upon [your Honor for 
£2321/9/8] New York Currency — 

[He drew upon Us at] sight, in favor of the different Per- 
sons [in your Honour's] Service, and a considerable part of the 
[Account debited] by us, is for Articles had from different 
[People, which at] his Instance, We discharged, That so you 
[might not be] troubled, with a variety of Accounts. — [We 
have directed] this Packet to go by Post from hence to [Albany 
and] from thence to be conveyed by a special [Express to] 
your Honor: — Where We have ordered, That [he should] wait 
untill such Time, as you shall be so kind [As to dispatch Him 
to New York, with an Order for the immediate payment of M r 
Croghan's Bill.] We have been [honoured with a happy Ex- 
perience of your] indulgent Disposition [& Therefore we flatter 


Dr. Wheelock's school was removed to Hanover, N. H., in 1 770, 
having been chartered the year before by George 3d as Dartmouth 

2 Burned portions supplied from a copy printed in Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library, 11:330-31, ed. C. W. Alvord and 
C. E. Carter. 

I.I.I A/. \K Will'.!'. LOCK" 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 305 

Ourselves Sir] That you will be so good, lAs to Pursue the most 
expeditious [ Method, in putting Us in C[ash, for the Amount of 
the inclosed] Draft — Which We assure you, [will be con- 
ferring a very essen]tial Obligation upon us; As We [are at 
present in much] Want of Cash — 

Should it be necessary in the Negotiation of this Bill, To have 
the] Services of any Person in New Y [ork, We beg leave to 
in] form your Honor, That Henry Wh[ite Esq r ., is Our corre] 
spondent there, — who will immediately [execute any com] mands, 
your Honor may judge exp[edient for Him to do.] Before M r . 
Croghan left Fort Pitt, [There was a very] uncommon Rain, 
Which raised the [Ohio, at least 15] feet Perpendicular & the 
Waters were rising, [for several Days afterwards, — So that, 
He must have a very short Passage to Fort Chartres. We have 
the Honor of being Sir,] with the sincerest [Respect Your] 

Honor's Obliged 
[&] most Obedient humble Servants 
Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 
Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar'. &c &c 


A. L. S. 

a Lachine ce 5 juilliette 1766 

[La] bonte que vous avez hue de to[ut te]ms pour tous ceux 
qui ce sont trfouves] dans La paine, et dont nostre nation cest 
souvant resantie, me font esperer que vous este ancor plain decette 
mesme jenerozite, et que vous vousdrest b[ien] que giest part 
je un fils qui cest formee a La langue y ro quoyze, dans 
Lesperence que vous Luy acorderest unne place jcy dans quelque 
poste ou ailheur ils est bien sages et sie monsieur veut [bien 
avoir] Lonneur de Le prendre sou sa [protection] jes per quils 
travaillera a Le me[nter] [Le] jeune homme estes offisiez. 

306 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L[e hasard] veut monsieur quils reste comme [prive de] ce cour 
joze me flater que vous [ comprendrez ? ] ces paine, et prandrest 
pitiez de [sa] sietuation je vous an sup lie monsi[eur]. personne 
ne cera plus reconnoysant [que] moy et rest avec un plus pro fond 
re[spect] Monsieur 

vottres heumbles 

tres obeissant 

et soumis serviteur 



At Lachine, this 5th of July, 1766 

The goodness which you have [at all times] shown toward 
those who were in trouble, and which people of our nation have 
often experienced, leads me to hope that you are still inspired 
by that same generosity and that you will be willing for me to 
share its benefits. 

I have a son who has acquainted himself with the Iroquois 
language, in the hope that you will give him a place at some 
post here or elsewhere. He is very prudent and, if you will 
bestow the honor of taking him under your protection, I hope 
that he will labor to [deserve it. The] young man is an officer. 
[It happens,] sir, that he is as it were [cut off] from means of 
support. I flatter myself that you will [understand?] his diffi- 
culties and take pity on his condition — I beg you, sir. No one 
will be more grateful [than] I, and I remain with a most 
profound respect, sir, 

Your humble 

very obedient 
and submissive servant 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 307 


[July 5, 1766] 

The Waggoners Neames Vizt 
]e Van Slyck 1 Lood 
]nis potman 1 D° 

] B V Eps 3 D° 12/ £4. 16 

]on Toll 2 D° 

] M cc Mikell 1 D° 
]ries Wempel 30 Indian Axes a 4/ 
a] Badsteed 30 D°. @ 32 a Dozen 
]tVanpetten20D°. for 53 S 

Errors Except by Jn° B V Eps 
]ning &ca 








Extract 1 

dated Sciota July [6, 1766] 

] have been obliged to give those Ind[ians 
anjd to Gratify them with sending a Goods to 

their Town for the present, as they [compjlained of the Distance 
to Fort Pitt in Tra [nsactions Peltry, and our not suffering 

any French | | come amongst them. 

1 Written to justify a concession in trade and a present to the Indians. 

308 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

N.York 6 July 1766 
Enclosed is the right worshipfuls receipts for 3 

Guineas or Curr>\ £5 . . 8 

The seal and cutting cost 3 . . 1 6 

and the book of Constitutions from M r Noel ..16 

£10.. - 

You see your Bill is accounted for upon the L. It is intended 
for a Square, but my Perpendiculars are not so erect as 
formerly. I am glad to understand you have a sociale Neigh- 
bourhood : The Order and devotion of a Lodge will tend to make 
them more so. You need not doubt of Visitors to your Lodge, 
while you keep the same hospitable Roof & open Doors as usual. 
I don't indeed know a more sociale pleasing & rational Way of 
spending an Evening with Company, than when the Rules of a 
Lodge are properly framed & religiously adhered to. It is usual 
here when Business is over for a Warden to ask Leave of the 
Master for the Members to hold free conversation. This is 
seldom denied ; And then the brethern engage in chat at Liberty, 
till the Master's mallet brings them again into Order 

I have send you some old Laws | l]odges which will 

be a sumcien [ ] to place your own by them 

| you desired a Copy of our Bye Laws | 
Lodge has its own Bye Laws suited to [ of the 

Members. We have at ]od Lodge of Choice 

Young Gentlemen are admitted even as visitors 

who proper to drink with or walk the S[treets 

with? | a high Expence upon introducing a 

have refused Admittance when there is pri]vate 

Business of the Lodge transacting | | are not troubled 

with Solicitations. I | wi]sh you all Success & Pleasure 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 309 

in your new [ ] Respects to your Worthy Wardens. 

I am [ ] with great Sincerity 

Your most obed t . Serv*. 

Peter Mid[dleton] 

A. L. S. 

[New] York, [July 6] 1766.— 

Your favor of the 28 th . of June ] night & I take 

the earliest opportunity you my hearty thanks for 

your good ]s me, which I shall allways endeavour 

] time ago I did propose to set out on My [jour]ny 
about the beginning of this month [ | better acquainted 

with the Climate than I ] Me that it would be 

better to stay till y e . | | of August as the weather would 

then be [settled?] & the roads better: & indeed the weather 

] weekes past has been so unsettled that I [ 
very little temptation to begin an expedition] As you are going 
on business of so much con [sequence] to the Country, I should 
be extremely concerned [ 
the least inconvenience put | Week in next month 

] 11 proposes & allow me time [ 
business on Lake Champlain be [ ] Assembly, which 

is Prorogued to the | | As I should, when we meet, 

be glad [ ] the Complaints Made by the Indians 

their Lands, I hope they will be ready 
| me at that time, & they may be as[sured ] in my 
power to redress them, I suppose [ | presents are 

expected from me on this o[ccasion, I] should be oblig'd to you 
if you'l inform will be most acceptable, that 

I may not empty] handed, & occasion any disappoint- 

ment [ you will excuse this liberty I take, when 

you [ how much I am a stranger to all Pro- 

ceedings of] this kind. — I am greatly surpriz'd to [ 

310 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you should have met with any opposition [ | Lands, 

& if you [ ] the Occasion, I will soon [ 

explanation, They have never | circumstance relative 

to the [ | so that I am totally in the [dark 

to all the Steps which have been [taken. If you] shall think 
proper to give Me such [ ] 1 1 may proceed immediately 

upon [ you] may depend on it, that it shall be [ 

warmth, & if I Meet with difficulties sur] mounted, we 

may have time to | ] proper Plan when I see you. My 

Wife [ return you thanks for your kind in[vitation] 

if health will permit will wait on you [ pleasure, 

& I am with great Esteem 

Y r most Obed'. & hum le Ser*. 

H: Moore 
indorsed: July 6 th 1 776 

Sir Harry Moores letter 


A. L. 5. 

New York 7 July 1766 

]y I received your Letter of the 29 June, & 
yours of the 13 tfl May, but as the latter ca[me 
] to do Business, the Hurry which im[ 
ded the Matter out of my thoughts — I h Maj Clarke] 

by which I am empowered to sell any [lands at Sackend] age and 
North Hampton I did not exp[ thought they were 

worth. There is no one I ] yourself, but it is 8 or 

10 Years ago nearly since [ ] an Acre for these 

Tracts ; and I find now that | ] raised greatly — You 

will consider of the Matter | offer you think Lands 

in that Situation & of the [ | very good I am told) 

are worth and if your Offer com[ | of Opinion he will 

think a tolerable Price you | | much for selling Lands 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 311 

to you, who have already so [ ]ver have thought of 

a Letter from you on that Subject — 

Our Governor proposes a Visit to you 'eer long : tis | 
that he intends making Purchases in the Mohawk Country 

] himself greatly in these Affairs it is Thought, 
& it is [ | him the more earnest in them — There was 

a little [ yours] elf and myself were to have been con- 

cerned in as I [ | of a Petition I have by me in 1 760 ; 

Klock had a Lycence 1 [ ] it, but the Instruction pro- 

hibiting the further purchasing of [ ] stop'd him before 

he could effect the Purchase — It lies on the [north of] the 
Mohawks River in the County of Albany to the South of [a 
creek comjmonly called Canada Creek or Caioharee opposite 
to Fort Hend[rick] and Eastwardly by a Tract of Petrus Van- 
driesen & Northwardly by a [tract granted] to George Clock 
William Nellis & others & contains as its said | 1 000 

Acres — The Formality of Lycenses is now laid aside, & the 
[Grant is] thought enough — If you have any Inclination & 
think it worth while to engage in the Matter, there is no doubt 

] to such a Purchase, if you go on such B [ 
in whi]ch Case you can make the Application | ]ards 

be no Difficulty in obtaining a Rel [ I have no In- 

terest at Court my Name therefore me[ans ] have thought 

of mentioning it but I know it n [ already — and I 

leave it to you to prosecute [ the Gov r . has of 

lopping off some of the [valuable emoluments] office, keeps us 
at a Distance, He has done [ mistaken if he 

carries his Point at Home. [ ] personal, and I shall 

avoid a Breach of that [ ]ible. Acknowledge the 

Receit of this by the first opportunity, sue] cess in your Excur- 
sion and am 

D'. S'. William 

Your [ ] 
& [ ] 
G w B[anyar] 

1 Calendar of Land Papers, p. 297. 

312 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[New York July 7, 1766] 
I am now to acknow [ledge ] 

The first cover'd a Letter for Sir [ 
Hyde Packet Cap'. Norris Goddard[ ] the Second 

(please to observe) Inclos'd no Letter [ ] 

which I have receiv'd and also an Order f[or 
procure on the lowest terms at Six months Cred[it 
agreeable to your Order & return of M r Fraser & [ 
sent you shall omitt them now, respect [ing the boy you wrote] me 
about some time ago you may send him when you [ ] but 

I have found a good Schoolmaster for him, I have | muc]h 

of the Gout or should have answer'd your Letters before now, 
Shall [send the votes of ] the Assembly & M r . Fraser. I shall 
be glad to hear [ ] Remain with the Compliments 

of my Wife an[d 

Sr - 

Your most humble Serv 1 . to Com[mandJ 

William Darlington 

from benjamin roberts 
A. L. S. 

[Niagara, July 7, 1766] 
] send you M r Crawfords [draft for £7 and] 
2 d N Y Cury. which you'll be so as he says 

he'll Charge it in his [ ] from you as Cash for 

his reimbursement I] have not Charged this in my Indian 
Ac [count I] am very uneasy seeing that there is no[ 

for the Indians, & that 'tis indispensibly [necessary 
to] give them something particularly now [ new 

appointment, & they are all very [much discon]tent of late some 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 313 

Changes happning several chie]fs were sent away 

without being taken [notice of] I have already given away near 
£20 — be[ing under] continual expence of rum & Bread which 
if [ not] allow'd me will be a great draw back, all the 

Indians [ much how good the French was to 

them, & that now [ ] See the English are beginning 

to take Care of them & th [at we] shall always find them faithfull. 

I should be very glad to hear what Lattitude 
might be alowed for expence on Indians & how [ 
Accounts are to be vouched whither by the Trader 
are bought of & by the interpreter or by the Commfissary] 
officer I have the honor to be with the greatest [ 


Your humb Servant 

B. Roberts 
[Sir William Johnso]n 


In the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass., printed by 
C. H. Lincoln in its Transactions, 1 1 :47, is a draft of a letter of July 
8th to Governor Franklin on Johnson's recommendation to the ministry 
of the plan for a new colony, the prospect of an Indian war and the com- 
ing meeting with Pontiac. Also printed in Collections of Illinois State 
Historical Library, 1 1 : 333-34, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 


D. S. 1 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall 

the 8 th . day of July 1 766 
By the Right Honourable the Lords of the 
Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs. 
His Majesty having been pleased by his Order in Council 
of the \2 th . of May last, to referr unto this Committee the Mem- 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 323.24. p. 1, London, England. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

orial of Sir William Johnson Baronet, his Majestys Sole Agent 
and Superintendant of Indian Affairs for the Northern District 
of North America, and Colonel of the Six United Nations, their 
Allies and Dependants &c; humbly praying for the reasons 
therein contained that his Majesty will be graciously pleased to 
Grant to him and his Heirs a Tract of Land on the North side 
of the Mohawk River, to which the Memorialist has an indis- 
putable Indian Title, to confirm him in his Rank, to Augment 
his Salary as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in such manner 
as to enable him to support the expence thereof, to grant him a 
Recompence for his Pay as an Officer, and for the Money he 
has advanced for the Publick Service, or to relieve the Mem- 
orialist in such other manner as his Majesty in his great Wisdom 
shall judge most fit — The Lords of the Committee this day 
took the same into their Consideration and are hereby pleased to 
referr the said Memorial (a Copy whereof is hereunto annexed) 
to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to con- 
sider thereof and Report their Opinion thereupon to this 

W: Sharpe 


Plans General 
Indian Affairs 
Order of the Lords of the 
Committee of Council for 
Plantation Affairs, dated 
July 8. 1 766, referring to this 
Board, for their consideration 
& report, the Memorial of 
S r . William Johnson, Bar', 
praying for a Grant of 
a Tract of Land on the 
north side of the Mohawk 
River, & other recompence 
therein specified in con- 
sideration of his Services 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 315 

and Expences. 
R Aug. 13. 1766 
Read Nov. 6. 1 766 
AT. 1. 

A. L. S. 

[July 9, 1766.] 


Agreeable to Your [ 
for Oneida, Arrived at Conajoharie [ 
Mohawks waiting, who informed me [ 
three days for the Indians of that Castle [ 
drunk during that time by George Klock w[i 
purchase some Lands from them, in that state [ 
untill the fifth day, but finding they got rum so f [ 
proceeded on our Journy with two of that Castle who were the 
only sober ones at that time, and who [expressed] their dissatis- 
faction at the state of the rest. 

July 2 d Arrived at Burnets Field about 12aClock, waited this 

Expecting some might get Sober and 
overtake us, and provided provision accordingly, but 
none came. 
3 d This day proceeded about 12 Miles and encamped. 
4 th This day we got within about four Miles of Oneida 
where some of that Nation met us, and desired we 
would wait untill they were prepared to receive us. 

[ ] 

Jcame and took [ 
after several stops, and performing [ 
[ceremo]nys [ 

in performing the usual Ceremony of [condoljance 
Left the Castle and Arrived at the Fall Hill 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

Returned home without meeting with any thing Extraordinary. 
I am with the utmost Respect 

Your Most Obedient 

& Most Humble Servant 
John Butler 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: Capt". John Butler 

Report 30 th . June 1 766. 




[Schenectady, 9 th ] July 1766- 

[ ] Act?, for 



Phyn & Ellice 









f 1 






















[ ] Mutton 




- 2 - 




| Express 

] for Indians 

— i — 

- 3 - 

[ ] D° 

- 8 - 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 


] Tody for D° -76 

]gar - 1 3 

Conte. 32 Gall. @ 8/ 12 16 - 

- 4 - 

- 3 - 






Tody to Pondiack 




D°. for Interpreter 












from Beerhop 







to Aaron 




Pork a 





mon Wine 




Tody from Lary 




to Seneckas 

Carried Over 
To 111 lump Sugar 
1/4H Tea 

1 Sheep 

111 Brown Sugar to Aaron 
Vl Gall: Rum 
Paid M r . Funda for a Bowl Tody 

2 Bowls Tody to Aaron 
Cash p d D° 
111 Tobacco to Interpreter 

14 [5 9] 

3 [2 6] 

8 17 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

2 oz Brass Wire 

12 " 1 White Shirt to Huron Chief 
1 B: Rum Tody to D°. 

4 D°. Spirits 

3 D°. & 3 Dinners 

13 ** 3fl Tobacco 
1 Doz n . Pipes 
1 H Brown Sugar 
6 Bowls Tody 
1 D°. of rum to Aaron 

5 pints Wine 
1 Q. D° 
1 Q. Spirits 
Cash for a Cow 
D°. p d . the Butcher for Killing her 

14 " 3 oz thread 
25 Needles 

1 pint Maderia Wine to Pondiack 
10 Bowls Tody 
3 pair Scizars 
1 Bottle Wine 
Yl Gall: rum 
1 1/2H Tobacco 
Yl Doz n . Pipes 
5|/2fl Tobacco 
\Yl Doz n Pipes 
1 pint rum 

1 B : Tody from Funda 
] Quart rum from D° 

] Quart Spirits from Wemp 
Carried Forward 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 319 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall July 10th, 1766 

The 28 th . of last Month I had the honor to introduce my self 
to you by an Account of the State of Affairs here with regard 
to the Indian Department, which I hope you will receive, and 
that the nature of the Subject will apologize for the freedom I 
have used on that occasion. 

I beg leave now to address you on a different Subject at the 
request of Several Gentlemen of fortune & Character in the 
province of Pensilvania who have transmitted to me the enclosed 
proposals for erecting a Colony at the Illinois, and Earnestly 
desired I should referr it to you with my thoughts upon the 

As the Scheme appears to me so reasonable and so well cal- 
culated for the mutual Interests of great Brittain & it's Colonies, 
I could not refuse their request, and I am persuaded that if it is 
duly conducted with the approbation of the Indians and a due 
regard to their Rights, it will answer, many good purposes, and 
prove a means of checking the Attempts of the French or 
Spaniards towards establishing a Colony on the other side of the 
Mississipi which might draw off our new acquired Allies, and 
deprive us of the great benifits we may expect from a Commerce 
with so many Nations, Whilst at the same time it will tend to 
the security of our Southern Frontiers, & enhance the public 

I shall be happy Sir, if my thoughts on this Subject may coin- 
cide with yours, and I flatter myself with your pardon for the 

Mn Public Record Office, C. O. 5.67. p. 183. London, England. 
The draft was destroyed by fire. The draft except the first paragraph 
is printed in Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1 1 :334— 
35, from a copy made by Clarence E. Carter. 

320 Sir William Johnson Papers 

liberty I now take, as it is intended for a public Benifit & pro- 
posed by Men of whose Motives I can have no doubt. 
I have the Honor to be 

with the most profound Respect 


Your most obedient 

& most Humble Servant 

W. Johnson 

The Right Honr b,e . 
Henry S. Conway Esq r . 
Principal Secretary of State. 

INDORSED: Johnson Hall. 10 th . July 1766 

Sir William Johnson C From Gen 1 . 
R 17 th . Sepf. (Conway. 

Also Indorsed Sir Will m . Johnson — 1 July 


Reasons for establishing a British Colony at the Illinois with 
some Proposals for carrying the same into immediate 

The Country of the Illinois on the Missisipi, is generally 
allowed to be the most fertile & pleasant Part of all the Western 
Territory now in Possession of the English in North America. 

The French Canadians have long called it, The Terrestial 

It appears from the best Intelligence, that about Four hundred 
French Families are now settled in that Country, & that, in all 
Probability it would have been the most considerable French 
settlement, in North America, had not the Inhabitants through- 
out Canada, and Louisiana, particularly those living among, or 
■' , 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.67. p. 187, London, England; 
inclosed in Johnson's letter of July 10th to Henry Seymour Conway; 
written by William Franklin. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 321 

near Indians, been subjected to Military Command, liable to be 
taken from their Farms even in Time of Harvest, to go upon 
distant Expeditions, & to have the Product of their Labour 
seized for the use of the Army. 

It has been the mistaken Policy of the French to aim to estab- 
lishing Military instead of Commercial, Colonies in North 
America. Their Views were to expel the English from all their 
settlements on the sea-Coast, and thereby to engross the whole 
of the Continent. 

In this, however, they have, thro' Providence, been happily 

But had the French contented themselves with settling & im- 
proving the Country they actually possessed, they would have 
rivalled the English in their most valuable American Commodi- 
ties, and have encreased the Commerce of France, & conse- 
quently the French Power, to a very great Degree. For Instance. 

The Lands in Louisiana produce Tobacco of a much superior 
Quality to any rais'd in either Maryland, or Virginia ; and Rice 
& Indigo equal to the best of Carolina. 

Those Articles, with Skins & Furs are the principal Commodi- 
ties, which N. America has hitherto produced to any great Extent 
for European Consumption. 

But what is of the utmost Consequence to Great Britain, no 
Country in the known World is better adapted than this for the 
Raising Hemp, Flax & Silk. 

Of the former, indeed, there are immense Quantities growing 
spontaneously on the large extensive Plains of Louisiana. And 
this wild sort appears from some late Experiments, to have a 
firmer Texture than that commonly cultivated. The Country 
likewise abound with Mulberry Trees; & both native & foreign 
Silk Worms thrive extremely well there. 

Great Britain might also be furnished from thence with Cot- 
ton, Copper, Iron, Pot-Ash, Wine, saltpetre, a great variety of 
valuable Medicinal Drugs, and other Articles, which, with those 
mentioned before, make the great Balance of Trade against the 
Nation, & drain it of its Treasure. 
Vol. V — 11 

122 Sir William J.-hnson Papers 

From dmks we mir ewise earn* on a more extensive 

Bi advar.: b Fur-Trade, with the numerous Indian Nations 

which reside near the Lakes <k the different Branches of the 
Missisipi than was ever kno\s*n. since the first settlement of 
.America: — supplying them with British Manufactures to a vast 

Nor will the French be able to rival us in this Trade, as we 

: port our Gx>ds through Pensylvania & V irginia to 

that Cour.::' m leapei than can be dene from New Orleans 

up the Missisipi This is the only Passage the French have now 

. the \T ay against the stream is extreamly 
difr. :_.: and tedious "v\ . the English have now a ready 

rnmunication from \ irgk oc Pe ania to Fort Pitt on 

the Ohio, c< frcm thence have \\ ater Carriage %\ith the stream 
to the Mi : — and when the] ; ed of their Goods 

to the Indians in mat Country, they may easily transport the 
Commodities receive in Return down the Missisipi to 

Mobile, and From thence ship mem to England. 

F - ant of this Opening thro' the Middle Provinces of N. 
the 1 I the French never had it in their Power 

to reap ; : muc :age from that Country as the English 

now rr. 

All appointments. &: much Expence oc Trouble. 

re at la t Possesskm of all the French Posts 

on the E e Missisipi. 

" ; on arise- What will be the most efficacious Means 
of supporting these Posts Jistant frcm even' British settle- 

ment. & yet so necesss maintain the British Interest amongst 

the numerou - N a bons which inhabit that, and the adjacent 

Country ? 

led, That there ; no Way so effectual as to settle 
a Colony at the Illinois under a good Civil Government. 

This Co! ne of the finest Corn Countries in the 

World, would Power, not only to supply the differ- 

ent Posts in the India- v. but the two Floridas with 

P: -.s. Several of the French Writers term it the Granary 

P oil-War Period, 1763-1774 323 

of Louisiana, and mention that at a Time when there happened 
to be a scarcity at New Orleans, the French Settlement at the 
Illinois, small as it then was — sent them upwards of 800,000 
\X eight of Flour. 

If we have not a Colony on the spot, to support the Posts we 
are now possessed of in that Count: c French who have a 

Fort & an encreasing settlement on the opposite shore of the 
Missisipi, will have it in their power, by means of their Influence 
with the Indian;, to intercept our supplies, interrupt our Trade, 
and ultimately cut off all Communication between the Illinois 
and the present English Colonies. 

It is said, that many of the French in Canada & Numbers of 
those settled on the East side of the Missisipi, near our Pc 
intend to remove tc the settlement belonging to the French on 
the opposite Shore. 

Should the French succeed in establishing a Colony there 
(which they probably will as it is in so fine a Country) and we 
have not another to balance it, in that Part of the World, the 
Consequences may be very prejudicial to the British Interest 

It may not be amiss to quote here the sentiments of a late 
\X riter very conversant with this subject In speaking of the 
Fineness of the soil & Climate of the Country on each he 

Missisipi the Illinois, he ' It is this that has made 

French u so many long & perilous \ ts in North 

America, upwa Thousand Miles, against Curre" 

Cataracts, & b: r.ds on the Lakes, in order to get to 

this settlement of : nigh to .the Forks of the 

Missisipi. the most important Place in all the inland Parts of 
N :rth -America, to which the F will sooner or late 

from Canada: and there erect another Montreal, that be 

much more dangerous & prejudicial to us, than ever the other in 
Canada v. They will here be - all the 

Friend; 6c Allies, & muc to car a Trade 

with them, to spirit them up against the E &c. than e 

they were at Montreal. To this Settlerr :se 

are not without good Hopes of fir the French 

324 Sir William Johnson Papers 

forever be removing, as long as any of them are left in Canada." 
The most likely Way to prevent these Mischiefs, & to enable 
the English to dispossess the French of the remaining Part of 
Louisiana, should a future War make it expedient, will be, it is 
thought, to establish a Colony there, agreeable to the following 
Proposals : viz. 1 

1 . Let the Crown purchase of the Indians all their Right to 
that Tract of Country lying on the East Side of the River Mis- 
sisipi, between the Illinois River & the River Ohio, & Fifty Miles 
back from the said River Mississipi. 

This Tract includes Fort Chartres, Cahoki, 1 & Kakas- 
quias (three considerable French settlements) and it is said, 
from good Authority, that the Indians have expressed an 
Inclination to part with it to the English on very moderate 
Terms, and that they might easily be persuaded to sell all 
the Lands as far back as the Heads of the several small 
Rivers which empty themselves into the Missisipi between 
the Illinois & the Ohio; They having a greater Quantity 
of fine hunting Country than they can ever have any use 
for. This would be a sufficient Tract to begin a Colony 
upon, & having a natural Boundary, would be the most 

2. Let a Civil Government be established there, agreeable to 
the Principles of an English Constitution. 

3. Let the first Governor be a Person experienced in the 
Management of Indian Affairs, & who has given Proofs of his 
Influence with the savages. 

This is a Matter of the utmost Consequence in the first 
settlement of a Colony surrounded by Indians: And for 
want of a due Attention to it, many Undertakings of 
the like kind have either entirely failed, or been greatly 

1 Situated about sixty miles above Kaskaskia on the Mississippi river, 
about opposite the present city of St Louis. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 325 

4. Let all the Lands which may be granted within the first 
Twenty Years be laid out in Townships, after the Manner 
practis'd in some of the New England Colonies, or according 
to the Plan laid down in the Historical Account of the Expedi- 
tion under Col. Bouquet, lately publishd [quod vide] 

The Advantages of this Mode of settling in a Country 
surrounded by Savages, who may one day become Enemies, 
are to obvious to need mentioning. 

5. Let Grants of Land in this Country be offered to the Pro- 
vincial Officers & soldiers who served in the late War in Ameri- 
can, on the following Terms. — Viz*. 

100 Acres to every common Soldier 

150 Acres to every Corporal & Serjeant 

250 Acres to every Ensign. 

350 Acres to every Lieutenant. 

350 Acres to every Surgeon. 

350 Acres to every Chaplain. 

500 Acres to every Captain. 

750 Acres to every Major. 
1000 Acres to every Lieu'. Colonel. 
1200 Acres to every Colonel. 
The Soldiers, Corporals & Serjeants who have served more 
Campaigns than one to have Ten Acres besides *or each Cam- 
paign after the first. The Ensigns, Lieutenants, Surgeons, Chap- 
lains, & Captains, Thirty; and the Majors, Lieu 1 . Colonels, & 
Colonels, Fifty Acres in like Manner. Each General Officer 
(of which there were Two or Three) to have a Grant of 5000 
Acres. The whole to be granted in Fee, and to be exempt from 
Quit Rent for a certain Term of years, or for, & during the natu- 
ral Lives of the said Officers & Soldiers and then to be liable 
to the same only as is reserved in Virginia No Grant to be 
Made Officer or soldiers under Fifty years of Age who does 
not appear in Person at the Illinois (with a Certificate from the 
Governor, or Commander in Chief of the Province in whos 
Employ he was, specifying his station, & the Number of Cam- 

326 Sir William Johnson Papers 

paigns he was in the service) and actually make a settlement on 
the Lands for which he shall receive a Warrant of Survey. But 
such Officers & Soldiers as are Fifty years of Age & Upwards, 
& who may not incline, or be able to remove to the Illinois, 
should be allowed either to dispose of their Rights to Grants 
of Lands to such Persons as will settle them, or to place Tenants 
thereon, as may be most convenient to themselves. Provided; 
That every Officer & Soldier, who does not make, or cause to 
be made, a settlement & Improvement on the Lands he may be 
entited to, within six years after the Arrival of an English Gov- 
ernor at the Illinois in order to establish a Colony there, shall 
forfeit all Right & Title thereto. Provided also that every 
Officer of the Rank of a Captain, & upwards, shall at his own 
proper Cost & Expence settle upon his Grant at least One White 
Protestant Person for every hundred Acres thereof within six 
years next following the Date of his said Grant subject to the 
Forfeiture of such Proportion of the said Grant, as there shall 
be a deficiency of that Number of Settlers. It would be proper 
for the Crown to furnish the soldiery with a few Implements 
of Husbandry at their first Arrival at the Illinois, and to allow 
all settlers the use of the Kings Boats, at Fort Pitt, & other 
Assistance, to transport themselves as far as the Missisipi. 
The giving Encouragement to these Men, who are Sol- 
diers as well as Farmers, &c. to engage themselves in the 
first settlement of this Country, will be not only Right in 
Point of Policy, but be an Act of Justice. The Provincial 
Officers & soldiers who have served in the several Cam- 
paigns during the War in America, and who have under- 
gone equal Fatigues, & run equal Hazards, with the King's 
Troops, think it extremely hard, that they should not be 
allowed, as well as the disbanded Regulars, a Grant of 
some of the Lands in that immense Tract of Country, which 
they have assisted in obtaining from the Enemy; especially 
as they had not equal Advantages when in service; The 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 327 

Officers not being entitled to Half Pay, nor the Men to 
Chelsea Hospital. They were generally paid off & dis- 
charged, as soon as the Campaign was over. The giving 
these Persons Lands in proportion to their Rank, & the 
Number of Campaigns they have served, will be likewise 
a great Encouragement to the Colonists to enter into the 
Military service on any future Occasion. And, besides it 
is said, that at the Beginning of the late War, the Ameri- 
cans were promised or given to understand, that such of 
them as engaged in the Provincial service, should, when 
the War was at an End, have some Gratification in Lands 
as is here proposed. 

6. Let all Mines & Minerals belong to the Owners of the 
Land in which they may be found, except those denominated 
Royal Mines, & of these let the Crown reserve a Fifth, clear of 
all Charges. 

This will encourage People to be at the Trouble & 
Expence of searching for and working of Mines, but if the 
whole or too great a Part is reserved to the Crown, they 
will want the necessary Inducement to make Discoveries, 
whereby both the Crown & Nation may be prevented from 
receiving many Advantages. 

7. Let there be 500 Acres reserved in every Township for the 
Maintenance of a Clergyman of the Establishd Church of 

As it is the Interest of every Nation, that the Religion, 
it has thought proper to establish, should be the Religion 
most generally prevalent throughout its Dominions, this 
Matter ought to be particularly attended to in America, & 
the Church well supported there, otherwise Presbyterianism 
will become the Established Religion in that Country. It 
is much to be regretted, that the Crown did not reserve 
in each of the Colonies, Lands for this Purpose, at the 

328 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Time of granting their respective Charters. It is however 
not yet too late for the Crown to cause such Reservations 
to be made in many of the old settled Colonies, particu- 
larly Nova-Scotia, New York, Virginia, North and South 
Carolina & Georgia. Care should likewise be taken, in 
Time, to make the like Provision in our new Acquisitions, 
Canada, and the two Floridas. 
8. Let the Bounds of the Colony be as follow, viz. From 
the Mouth of Ouisconsin or (Wisconsing) River down the Mis- 
sisipi agreeable to Treaty, to the Forks, or Mouth of the Ohio, 
Then up the same River Ohio to the River Wabash, thence 
up the same River Wabash to the Portage at the Head thereof, 
Then by the said Portage to the River Miamis & down the 
said River Miamis to Lake Erie, Thence along the several 
Courses of the said Lake to Reviere al Ours (or Bear River) 
and up the said River to the Head thereof, & from thence in a 
straight Line, or by the Portage of S*. Joseph's River & down 
the same River to Lake Michigan, then along the several Courses 
of the said Lake on the south & West side thereof to the Point 
of Bay Puans, & along the several Courses on the East side of 
the said Bay to the mouth of Foxes River, thence up to the head 
thereof and from thence by a Portage to the Head of Ouisconsin 
River, & down the same to the Place of Beginning. — 
Remark — 
These being natural Boundaries may be easily ascer- 
tained. Altho no Persons should be allowed to settle on 
any Lands, but what are within the Bounds purchasd by 
the Crown of the Indians, yet it will be highly proper, 
that the Civil Jurisdiction of the Colony should extend 
much farther than will be probabily purchased for many 
years to come; Otherwise loose evil disposed Persons may 
straggle into those Parts, & commit Disorders that may 
involve the Colony in Dispute with the Indians, and be 
attended with fatal Consequences. And it might have good 
Effects if a Civil Authority was likewise established at 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 329 

D'Etroit, to take Cognizance of all Misdemeanors com- 
mitted by British subjects upon the Lakes and Country 
9. But that a Colony may be speedily settled at the Illinoia, 
& the Crown & Nation receive the Advantages to be derived 
from it, without Delay, A Company of Gentlemen of Character 
& Fortune are ready & willing to engage, That, if the Crown 
will make them a Grant, in Fee of hundred Thousand Acres 
of Land free of Quit Rent for a few years to be located in 
one or more Places as they shall chuse, within the Bounds 
above mention'd. They will at their own proper Cost & Ex- 
pence, settle thereon at least One white Protestant Person for 
every hundred Acres within years next following the Date 

of their Grant; subject to the Forfeiture of such Proportion of 
the unsettled Part of the said Grant as shall be equal to a 
Deficiency of that Number of Settlers. And the said Company 
will likewise engage to settle at least 2,000 of the said Persons 
on the Lands aforesaid within years next after the Date 

of the said Grant, or the Arrival of a Governor in the said 
Colony; Unless an Indian War should happen to put it out of 
their Power. 

The Crown need not be put to much Expence to procure 
the settlement of this advantageous Colony. The principal 
Charges will be a Salary to the Governor, & some other 
Officers of Government for a few years, when the Colonists 
will be enabled to support their own Civil Establishment. 

And if there were two or three Companies of light In- 
fantry, and one of light Horse raised & disciplined in the 
manner, & on the Terms, recommended by Col. Boquet 
in the Publication before mentioned, they would not only 
be an effectual security for the Colony in its Infancy, but 
also contribute greatly to the Protection of the Frontiers 
of the old settled Colonies from the Incursions of the 
Indians; and they would likewise be of infinite Service in 
case of a future War with the French. This Corps might 
be raised & disciplined within a year, or two at farthest; 

330 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

when the Regiment now posted there might be employ'd 
upon other service more suitable to such Troops, unless 
indeed it should be thought necessary to keep a few of 
them to do Garrison Duty for some Time longer. 

The Officers, who served during the War in America, in 
the Corps of light Infantry and Rangers would be the most 
proper to raise & discipline the Foot Companies; but for 
the light Horse it will be necessary that Officers should be 
sent from England who have been accustomed to that serv- 
ice. Horses of a good sort are to be had in great Plenty 
at the Illinois. If a Company two of this kind of soldiery 
were also to be kept at each of our principal Posts in the 
Indian Country, it would be the most likely Means of deter- 
ring the Indians from going to War with us in future. 

INDORSED: Reasons for Establishing 

a British Colony at the Ilinois 

with some proposals thereon &c 


In S'. W m . Johnson's July 10 th . 1766. 


In the American Antiquarian Society, printed by C. H. Lincoln in 
Transactions, 1 1 :48, is a draft of a letter to Benjamin Franklin in 
London, dated July 1 0, inclosing a plan for establishing a colony at the 
Illinois together with a letter to Secretary Conway, to be forwarded to 
him. Johnson expresses to Franklin his dread of the effects of crimes 
committed against the Indians and mentions the approaching meeting with 
Pontiac at Ontario. 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:842-43, is a letter of July 1 1th 
from the lords of trade, in which they promise to prepare at an early 
day regulations touching the lands set aside for the Indians, refer a com- 
plaint from Montreal against the trade regulations at Michilimackinac, 
and reflect on a certain claim to exclusive trade rights westward of Lake 
Michigan. 1 

1 The claim of William Grant affecting Green Bay, Wis. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 331 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 318—19, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of July 12th from Baynton, Whar- 
ton & Morgan, Philada., communicating favorable expressions from Doctor 
Franklin concerning the Illinois colonizing scheme (Printed in Collections 
of Illinois State Historical Library, 1 1 : 33 7— 38, ed. C. W. Alvord and 
C. E. Carter) ; Robert Adems's bill to Sir William Johnson — £24, I 2s, 
6d., the 12th, Fort Johnson; a letter of the 12th from Jacob H. Ten 
Eyck, Albany, about a packet from Henry White of New York, which 
the writer forwards; a letter to Governor H. Moore, regarding the post- 
ponement of the Governor's visit, a present for Indians, lands desired 
by Johnson, murder of Indians by frontiersmen, and an application for a 
land grant by Mr. Banyar and others, the 14th, German flatts ; one of 
the 1 4th from Lieutenant B. Roberts, Niagara, concerning advices from 
Captain Howard of an intended Indian attack on Michilimackinak, liberal- 
ity toward the Indians at Niagara, some discourse with Major Rogers, and 
Mr Vanschaack's still; and William Darlington's account with Ab. 
Duryee for goods bought for Sir William Johnson, the 1 4th, New York. 



A. D. S. 

[BornetsfieU] 13 th of July 1766 
] & Laever Jacob Ittig Stoffel Strubel 
]ven Kessel for Sir William Johnson to 
jOschwego for the Ingen bisnus 

Conrad Franck 

] 1 766. The above Drovers have delivered no 
more than five [ ] other Cow was lost by the Way, 

supposed thro' their Neglect they are | ] yesterday 

Morning — 

Dan. Claus 

] t may concern : The Bearers paid four Dollars to an 

Indian who helped them drive y e 
Cattle from the Roy 1 . Blockhouse to 
this place 

D. Claus 

332 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Upon Examination I find by a [ Drover who was 

in Compy that this Cow lost by the Way got a hurt going over 
a Bridge w * 1 . lamed her so as not to be able to come along. 

D. Claus 

John Miller's Acknowledgment 


July 13, 1766 
[Receijved One horse from John Thompson at Burnetsld 
] to fort Stanwix p r Express the 1 3 th . July 1 766 
] paid twenty Shill s for the use 

John miller 

INDORSED: this is to Certify that RUTHOLF SCHUMA[CHER] 
I have Hyred One CoNRAD FOLLMER 

Horse to the Royal Thomas follmer 

blockhous from 

Burnets d to go Ex- Jorg Wens 

press for S r W m 
Johnson being Out 
five Days [ ] 

Day this 19 th July 

John Thompson 


German Flails July /4 th . 1766 
Dear Sir/ 

Near this place on my way to Ontario to meet Pondiac &c 
who is arrived there I was overtaken by an Express who deliv- 
ered me your favor of the 7th inst. 

1 In the Newberry Library, Chicago, III. ; in the handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 333 

At the place I now am, with Ind s . about me &ca it is out of 
my power to Write as fully as I otherwise should do. In fact 
I am in a very indifferent Condition for a Journey, have, had an 
attack of my disorder Just before setting out ; and what is as dis- 
agreable to me, there is no provisions at the post I go to neither 
can the Q r M r Gen 1 , get any Waggons to bring it to Schenec- 
tady, as M r Glen informs me, I have bought a few Cattle which 
are on the Way, and I am obliged to Set out with one Barrell 
of pork for all the Battoemen, Indians &ca that accompany me. 

Together with your Letter I received a Large pacquet from 
M r Croghan with a Draft & warrnt of Mess. Wharton &c for 
£232 1 . . 9 . . 8 N Y Curry, at Sight, I have by this opportunity 
acquainted them that on my return I shall include it in my Acct*. 
which is all I can do about it. The ace*. I had ommitted is Sent 
with my last Letter I earnestly wish the Am 1 , of it Could be Sent 
me by some of the Officers coming from N York or other good 

The Affairs of the Ind s . are in as bad a Situation as possible 
but nothing shall be wanting on my part to make them easy till 
they obtain some Satisfaction. — I have Scarcely had leisure to 
peruse Capt Howards Letter, I perfectly agree in opinion with 
you on the Subjects, & am persuaded Nothing will Answer if 
the Traders are left to themselves, or the Officers impowered to 
Shew favor to whom they please. — I shall return the Letter so 
soon as I get home wch will be I hope in 3 Weeks. — I could 
wish the Medals were sent me as you describe them as soon as 
possible and I beg you will believe that I ever am 

D r . Sir &ca 
His Excellcy Gen l Gage 
INDORSED: German Flatts July 14 th 1766 
To General Gage. 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 319, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of July 15th from Captain Normand 
MacLeod, Ontario, about the difficulty of obtaining conveyance for 

334 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Pondiac and suite; one of the 15th from Francis Wade, Philada., inquir- 
ing about Mr Croghan's bill on Sir William and one on Captain Clawes, 
also Mr John Johnson's note; one of the 15th from Edward Cole, 
Miamis, mentioning his good reception by the Indians and news from Mr 
Croghan (Printed in Collections of Illinois State Historical Library, 
1 1 : 338-39, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter) ; Edward Cole's 
account with Fr. Hamback, the 15th, Miamis; a letter of the 16th from 
Captain Daniel Claus, Fort Ontario, relating the failure of a design to 
send Pondiac to Johnson Hall, treacherous acts of the Senecas and suc- 
cess of an Onondaga war party; Cornelius Van Sanfort's receipt to 
William Darlington for goods to be delivered at Albany to Dr Stringer, 
the 1 7th New York ; a letter of the 1 7th from William Darlington, New 
York, about letters forwarded to England, articles sent in care of Hugh 
Fraser, etc. ; a letter of the 1 7th from Mich'l Byrne, Johnson Hall, on 
the progress of farm work and building enterprises. 

A. D. 

[New York, July 17, 1766] 

[ 1 

[ ] £4 [ ] 

[ ] a 40/ 4 [ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] @ 10 d 4 13 4 

[ ] 2 Boxes - 4 - 4[ ] 

[ ] 3[ 

| Franklin Freight for Sundries 
[ ] as ^ Receipt [?] 

[ ]dles w*. 61 11a 2/4 7 2 4 

2 Boxes - 5 - 7[ 

[ ] March 15, 1766 on me payable to ^ 

[ ] paid 16 June last J 

[ ] @6d 13[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 335 

] 44 Yarn @ 3/3 7 3 - 

] 4 40 d°. 4/8 9 6 8 

] 30/ 3 - - 

] per A A 1 18 — 

] B 2 6- 

] horn Knives & forks 1 10 - 25 3 [8] 

| Cups & Saucers Breakfast 1 8 — 

] Cups — 12 - 

] - 12- 

]nt Bowles 1 2 — 

de]canters —18 — 4 12[ ] 

] Leather a J/ 2 7 17 6 

]ns 8/6 4 5- 

] d° 1/6 - 18 - 

] strong upper Leather 12 9 - 25 [9 6] 

] Bellows 10 [ ] 

]nTea 34/ 3 8 - 

2 Cannisters — 3 — 3 

] Dyckmans Ace' for Cattle 20 [ ] 

] of 50 foot 1 2 by 1 Taylors 

best Crown Glass 2 12 6 
] d°. 250 foot 1 1 by 9 a 90/ 

$ hun d 11 5 - 

]d°. 150 D°9by 7 72/ d° 5 8- 

] Whitening 1 - - 

] Red Lead a 8 d - 18 8 

] Gallons Linseed Oyl 6/6 2 8 9 

3 Juggs - 12 - 

] dozen Painting Brushes different Sorts - 1 1 6 

] Barrels Lamb Black - 2 6 

336 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] Kegg Ground White Lead 

N 49 67^ 

6i 7\y 4 

66 72V 2 

212tt 9 d 7 19 
]iamond to Cut Glass 1 16 


INDORSED: M r Darlingtons [ 
to the 

rec d . 7 br . 8 th . 1 766 
£187. .7. .8 


Johnson hall July 18 th 1766 

At the request of your Son Gov r Franklyn, & sev 1 . Gent n . of 
Pensilvania, I now enclose you a Scheme proposed for Estab- 
lishs a Colony at the Ilinois, together with my Letter to M r 
Secretary Conway in fav r . thereof, which the proposers desired 
might be transmitted thro' your hands. I have accordingly 
Sent it under a flying Seal, & must request you to forward it as 

I daily dread a Ru[p]ture w th the Ind*. occasioned by the 
Licentious Conduct of the frontier Inhabitants who Continue to 
Rob, and Murder them. — I am imediately to meet Pondiac 
with the Western Nat s . at Ontario and wish I may be able to 
Satisfy them. 

1 In the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in Guy 
Johnson's handwriting. Printed in Proceedings of the Society, new series, 
1907, 18:405. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 337 

Altho' I have not had an Opportunity of Cultivating your 
Acquaintance I shall always be Glad to render you, or yours 
any Services as I am, &c 

Benj n . Franklyn Esq r 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 3 1 9—20, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of July 21st from Barnaby Byrn, 
New York, mentioning the Indians' objection to his occupancy of Fort 
Brewerton by virtue of a warrant given him by General Gage, and asking 
if their opposition has been overcome; and an order by Rich'd Maitland, 
Deputy Adjutant General, relating to commissaries and interpreters and 
the appointment of Captain Robert Rogers at Michillimackinac, the 22d 
New York. 1 


D. S. 2 
Head Quarters New York 14 June 1766 



qp qp ?p «f» 

Orders 22 d . July 1 766 
As Sir Will m Johnson has Appointed Commissarys at Several 
Forts to treat with the Indians who come there, The Officers 
Commanding, will be Aiding & Assisting to them, as far as in 
their Power, in Carrying on their Business, & will Certify to 
the Presents & Expences incurred on Such Occasions ; The Com- 
missarys to be furnished with a good Room, the Interpreters &ca, 
properly lodged, and all supplied with firing & Provisions, as 
the Rest of the Garrison. 

1 Printed below. 

2 In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 21678. to. 71, London, 

338 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Capt Robert Rogers late of the Independent Companys is 
Appointed Commandant of the Garrison of Michilimakinac, & 
is to be Obeyed as Such 

Rich d . Maitland 

Depy. Adj'Gen 1 : 

Capt Morris; Or Officer 

Commands at 

INDORSED: Orders 14 th June 22 th July 

1 766 of the Neglect of 

forwarding the names of Officers 

who have Commanded at some 

of the Posts, &c. and to be 

Aiding and Assisting the 

Commissary, appointed to 

treat with the Indians 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:854—67, is an account of pro- 
ceedings of Johnson with Pontiac and chiefs of Ottawas, Pottawatamies, 
Hurons and Chippewas at Ontario from July 23d to the 31st, giving 
Johnson's speech of the 24th on the benefits of peace and trade and 
repression of frontier crimes; the speech of the Huron chief of the 
25th, expressing thanks for extension of trade and appointment of com- 
missaries, interpreters and smiths and a desire that Mr Crawford may be an 
assistant to Mr Hay at Detroit; the speeches of Pontiac, delivered on 
the 25th and 28th, declaring his purpose to give up white captives, satis- 
faction with trade conditions, intention to strengthen the chain of friend- 
ship, desire for the retention of Mr Hay and appointment of Mr Craw- 
ford and purpose to collect the bad belts sent west by the Senecas; the 
speech of an Onondaga of the 28th to the Ottawas and Hurons; also the 
speeches of Johnson and Pontiac on the 29th; and the closing incidents 
of the 30th and 3 1st. A partial record, dated the 25th, is in the State 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 320, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: Edward Cole's account with Joseph Paillies 
(In French), dated July 23d; a letter of the 23d from Lieutenant John 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 339 

Carden, Fort Erie, applying for appointment as commissary, explaining 
the alarm at Michilimakinack and inclosing a deed of land at Detroit 
given him by Pondiack; James Gordon's bill to Robert Adams for 
articles bought for Sir William Johnson, the 23d, Ontario; a letter of 
the 26th from Lieutenant B. Roberts, Niagara, on the state of affairs at 
the post and the Senecas' distrust of Decouagne; Joseph Simon and 
Thomas Mitchell's losses by the Indian war in 1 763, deposition before 
Adam Simon Kuhn, the 28th, Lancaster county; Mynd't My. Wemple's 
account against Sir William Johnson, the 29th, Oswego. 



[July 29, 1766] 

[ ] 

[To] Myndert M. Wemple D r . 

Riding 2^/2 Loads over the Falls ^ y r Orders £- 10 

Riding 2J/2 D° over the carrying place - 10 

a Shirt given the Indians for carrying the Bellows - 1 

|/2 Gallon Rum given for carrying the Beek Iron — 4 

a p r Stockings given for carrying the Anvil - 6 

1 Yi Gallon Rum for the hire of y e Anvil <$ y r Orders — 1 2 

p d . a Battoeman to Oswego 6 - 

p d a Mason for making a Smiths furnace 1 5 

29 2 Gall: Rum 7/ - 14 

1 q*. D°. for an Indian named the Bondt - 2 

2 tt Common Sugar - 3 

a Sow kill'd by Pondiac's Man - 16 

£11 12 


£11. .12..- 


In the Johnson Calendar are listed, p. 320-21, the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: account of expenses attending the congress 
at Ontario, and an account of goods bought for a present to the western 

340 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Indians, the 30th, Ontario; account of goods received by Captain Nor- 
mand MacLeod, acknowledged by MacLeod at Johnson Hall, November 
15, 1766, account dated the 30th, Fort Ontario; John Farrell & Co.'s 
note for £66 to Captain William Howard, the 30th, Michilimackinac; 
W. Johnson's order, the 31st, Ontario, to Lieutenant Jehu Hay to pay 
£40 to Elleopolle Chesne, interpter, receipted by Elleopolle Chense; 
Nicholas Capar's account against Edward Cole for 469 livres, with 
receipt by Rich'd Winston 1 for Nicholas Capar, the 31st, Post Vincent; 
W. Johnson's order, the 31st, Ontario, to Lieutenant Jehu Hay to pay 
£10 to Jacko Bekier, receipted by Jaco Beki(er) ; and Robert Adems's 
bill to Sir William Johnson. 


A. D. S. 2 

July 31, 1766 

Rec'd at Post Vincent July 3 1 1 766, of Edward Cole Esq. 
Commissary of Indian Affairs for the Illinois the Sum of four 
hundred and sixty nine Livres at the rate of five Livres to the 
Dollar, in full for the above account. Rec'd on ace 't of Nicho- 
las Capar having signed ten accts of this tenor & Date. 

Rich. Winston. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 321, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: John McKinley's bill and receipt to Sir William 
Johnson, August 3d; a letter of the 4th from Captain Normand Mac 
Leod, Ontario, about his efforts to placate an offended Mishilimackina 
chief, the jealousy of Pondiac entertained by western Indians, dissatisfac- 
tion of French and Indian traders with the trade regulations, gifts to the 
Senecas, difficulties of MacLeod's situation, and dislike of the upper 
nations for Mr Hay as commissary; Thos. Meares's receipt to Sir William 
Johnson for 15 shillings for the hire of a horse, the 4th, Fort Stanwix; 
Conrad Franck's account of sundries furnished to Sir William Johnson, 
the 5th, Burnetsfield. 

1 Receipt printed below. 

8 Copy made by Professor Clarence E. Carter, of Miami University, 
Oxford, Ohio, before the fire; the original was destroyed. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 341 


[Philadelphia, August 5, 1766] 

D. S. 

[ '] 

[ Magiee] 300. .0. .0 


[ ] he was made Prisoner 

[ ] in May 1763 1200. .0. .0 

£8160.. 0..0 

] Mohickon John 
[ ] 50..0..0 

£8110.. 0..0 

] before me William Coxe Eq r one 

[ ] 

[ ] Cumberland & Province of Pennsylvania ] 

Holy Evangelists of Almighty account amounting 

to Eight [thousand one hundred and ten] Pounds is a just & 
true Account [ ] Indians making War and 

seizing | ] try as is in his power to make [ 

Papers & Accounts & Books 

Rob t . Callender 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 320, are listed the following papers 
destroyed by fire: a letter of the 7th from Daniel Claus, Montreal, 
about a visit to Aughquisasne, and the fighting strength of that village, 
complaints of Indians about the sale of rum between Three Rivers and 
Carrillon, and the efforts of Colonel Massey to procure them satisfaction, 
and also protection for their lands; one of the 7th from Captain Nor- 
mand MacLeod, Ontario, about the desire of Portier, a French trader, 
to engage in the ginseng trade with the Indians; a resolution of the Council 

1 Several lines missing. 

342 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ordering Geo. Allsopp to remove a house erected by him on the King's 
domain, and authorizing Peter Stuart, justice of the peace, to remove it, 
signed by J. A. Potts, D. C. C, the 8th, Quebec Council Chamber; 
Thomas Mitchell's account of losses from Indians in 1 763, deposition 
before Adam Simon Kuhn, the 8th, Lancaster county. 

D. S. 
[Lancaster County August 8 1766] 

[ ] 

] County of [Lancaster before me ap-] 
peared the abovenamed [Thomas Mitchell] who being duly 
Sworn on [the Holy Evangelists] of Almighty God doth depose 
[ ] Acco 1 . of Loss sustained by [the said Thomas] 

Mitchell by the French and [Indians ] his Britanick Majesties 

] America, Amounting to [ 

Nine pound One Shilling [ ] Money of Pennsylvania 

] the same Acco'. is truly [ ] of said 

Thomas Mitchell [ ] Deponent and that of the 

] articles therein no part [ ] recovered 

and farther [ ] 

Thomas Mitchell 

L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Augst. 8th 1766. 

Your Letter of the 4th Ult° came too late for me to Answer 
it before my departure for Ontario and being now but Just 
returned from thence & busied in putting my Transactions in 
order it is not in my power to write as fully as I could Wish. 

1 In the library of Dartmouth College. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 343 

Your Son shewed me Mr. Smiths arguments for carrying 
the School into the Southern Government, on duly weighing 
which I cannot but agree that he has assigned several reasons 
which Sufficiently recommend his plan, and point out that Quar- 
ter as the most Elligible. — he has not been well informed of the 
Great distances and small hopes of getting the Western Nations 
to go there, and he has mistaken the number of the Cattawbas 
who are now but a handfull, but I think a School which has for 
its Object the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws etc. must be very 
important even without the addition of any others, and his Argu- 
ment in favor of the Climate etc. are very strong, and a material 
Circumstance in favor of his plan. 

A School which has for its Object none but the Six Nations 
will be of much less importance and yet I can't see that any 
School hereabouts can expect more, for altho the Northern In- 
dians are much more Numerous than those to the Southward, 
Yet, are they much more scattered and remote from any Quarter 
where a School can be established, and less inclineable to the 
design; Time (it is to be hoped) will conquer their prejudices, 
and they may be brought to relish the Gospel and apply them- 
selves to Learning when they see its Success amongst the other 
Nations. — Upon the Whole I am of opinion that the Establish- 
ing a Seminary in North, or South Carolina bids fairest for 
success at this time as well on account of the Numbers as of 
the Vicinity of the Indians to these our Southern frontiers. 

As M r . Kirtland is now on the Spot he will be a Sufficient 
Judge what is best to be done in the distribution of the Teachers 
this Way, I have talked with him upon it, and shall give him 
and Them from time to time all the advice & assistance in my 
power. I have also spoke to your Son concerning William whose 
Temper I know to be very warm. I have advised that if he con- 
tinues to be troublesome, and to break the decorum of your 
School that he had best be sent back, he doubtless deserved to 

344 Sir William Johnson Papers 

be used with severity and I am fully persuaded of your care and 
good intentions towards him. 

I am with the greatest Esteem 

Your sincere wellwisher 
& very humble servant 

(signed) W M JOHNSON 
To Rev. Eleazer Wheelock 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 321-23, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of August 9th from William 
O'Brien, New York, on Sir William's recent illness, the writer's desire 
to purchase Indian land and his apprehension of the consequences of 
failure; Alexander McKee's draft on Sir William Johnson in favor of 
Baynton, Wharton & Morgan for £299, 4s, the 9th, Susquahannah ; a 
letter of the 9th from Jehu Hay, Niagara, informing of an order which 
he has drawn on Johnson in favor of John Bliker, asking if he is to draw 
for the pay of interpreters and mentioning dissipation at the post; Jehu 
Hay's draft, the 9th, Niagara, on Sir William Johnson in favor of 
John Bliker, indorsed by John J. Bleecker and Lucas Van Veghten and 
receipted, Nov. 22, 1766, by A. C. Cuyler; a letter of the 10th from 
Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, Philadelphia, to Major General Gage 
(extract), informing of Mr Morgan's arrangement to send goods among 
the Shawanese without a license from the Governor of Pennsylvania but 
expressing their determination to be guided by Gage's commands in this 
matter ; one of the 1 1 th from Peter Hasenclever, New York, concerning 
a proposal to buy from the Onida Indians some 40,000 acres of land 
near Cosby's manor, a scheme for establishing a company to trade with 
the Indians at Niagarra and Detroit and to victual the troops, dealings with 
Frans Ruppert in pearlash and potash, Peter Remsen's claim against 
Ruppert and London news, including the Duke of Grafton's resigna- 
tion ; one of the 1 1 th from Ab'm Lyle, Albany, about an order for 
lemons and limes and other articles to be sent in care of J. B. Van Epps, 
an order drawn by Johnson on Colonel Eyre Massy for goods for the 
Massauga Indians, and information which throws light on the death of 
Captain J. Lottridge; one of the 1 1th from John Ramsay, New York, 
complaining that a sum due on Lieutenant Gorrell's certificate is still 
unpaid and begging that Johnson will draw on the general in his behalf 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 345 

for this money, Joseph Annett's and Alex. Simpson's receipt, the 1 Ith, 
Fort Erie, to Jehu Hay for pay for labor ; a letter of the 1 2th from 
Peter Hasenclever, New York, concerning the business troubles of Rup- 
pert and Remsen, and an affray between the Sons of Liberty and soldiers, 
illness of Sir Henry Moore, Mr Freidenberg's lease of land on Lake 
Champlain, the 28th regiment review, and the establishment of a com- 
pany for Indian trade at Detroit ; one of the 1 4th from Captain Normand 
MacLeod, Ontario, concerning the desire of Joseph (Brant) that he may 
have a young Indian companion ; one of the 1 4th from the same, Ontario, 
concerning the intention of Pertuis to yield the place of Indian interpreter 
unless he can have the privilege of trade, also the prices paid for peltry; 
one of the 1 4th from the same, Ontario, concerning the bearer, Portier, 
and his desire to trade, Peter Shryner's account against Lieutenant Hay, 
receipted, the 1 7th, Fort Erie ; a letter of the 1 7th from Jehu Hay, Fort 
Erie, to Captain MacLeod, describing his trouble with Mr Crawford, 
the illness of a Huron chief and a dispute with Monsieur Fleurimon over 
trade restrictions ; one of the 1 8th from John De Berniere, Albany, men- 
tioning the failure of a land speculation and seeking appointment as 
commissary ; one of the 1 8th from Thomas Lottridge, Albany, about the 
accounts of the late Captain John Lottridge, his brother; account of 
goods bought by Captain John Lottridge in 1 759 and 1 760 for the 
use of the Indians at Oswego, the 18th, Albany; a memorandum of 
articles bought of Robt. McCoy by Captain Lottridge for the Indians: 
Captain John Lottridge in account with Thomas Lottridge for goods 
purchased in 1 759 and 1 760; John Lottridge's account with Joh's Beeck- 
man, Aug. 20, 1 763 ; attested by Beeckman before John Cuyler, alder- 
man, in Albany, indorsed with Beeckman's receipt to Thomas Lottridge 
of March 8, 1 765 ; Sir William Johnson's instructions to Captain John 
Lotteradge, given at Oswego, October 14, 1759; Anthony Van Slyck's 
receipt to Captain John Lottridge for £1, 6s, given April 2, 1760; 
Captain John Lottridge's account with Albart Ryckman for goods bought 
at Oswago in 1760; Captain Lotridge's account with Jno. Fitzgerald 
for articles bought May 12 and 15, 1760; a list of articles supplied 
to a party of Indians going on service ; a letter of the 1 8th from Ed- 
ward Chinn and Joseph Howard, Montreal, on the trade monopoly at 
Chegotimi; the deposition of Edward Chinn regarding trade abuses at 
Chegotimi and his dispute with Mr. Stuart over the location of a house, 
taken before Isaac Todd, the 18th, Montreal; and a letter of the 18th 
from Daniel Claus, Montreal, on a late conference with Indians, influence 
exercised by priests over Canadian Indians and measures to lessen it, 
Edward Chinn's deposition, trade advantages and abuses at Tadoussac. 
the scarcity of money and uselessness of bills drawn on New York. 

346 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York August I8 lh . 1766 
Dear Sir, 

I am glad to find by your letter of the 8 th : Ins 1 : that you 
was returned to Johnson Hall, after Settling all Matters to your 
Satisfaction with Pondiac, and the other Chiefs of the Western 
Indian Nations. It's unlucky that the Medals did not arrive 
soon enough, you don't Say how you like them or whether you 
think they will Answer, the work-Man has contrived to make 
them considerably larger than any we have yet had. 

Preparations had been made to have a Sufficient Supply of 
Provisions at Oswego for this Congress above three months ago. 
What People mean by making Reports of things they know 
nothing of I can't conceive. 

You will receive herewith a Paragraph of a Letter which I 
have received from M r : Croghan, 2 and the Copy of another 
from Mess". Baynton & Wharton. 3 You will be so good to 
write your Sentiments upon the Subject to the latter gentlemen, 
as I shall referr them to you. The Regulations when broke 
thro' in one Instance will Soon be So, in all. Nor can one 
Trader be allowed a Privilege, from which the rest are excluded. 

I can find many opportunitys to send Money to Albany if you 
can find Means to get it from thence but I may find a good one 

1 In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Probably Croghan's letter of July 6th (Johnson Calendar, p. 318) 
concerning a present and a concession in trade to Indians. 

3 Evidently the notice of August 10th given by that firm (Johnson Cal- 
endar, p. 322) to Gage of goods to be sent without a license to the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 347 

to send it directly to you which I shall do as soon as one offers. 
M r . Maturin has paid your Draughts. I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S r : W m : Johnson Bar 1 : 
INDORSED: New York 18. Aug'. 1766 
From Gen 1 . Gage. 


[Philadelphia August 19, 1766] 

against his 
North] America in 


to 2464 [ 

To 1 Hyde cut [ 

1 Quire Paper [ 
To Cash paid for 2 Axes [ 
To Cash paid for a Gray Mare [ 
30 th . To Sundry Goods sent to M r Cal[hoon? 
210 Bucks @7/6 [ 
To Cash paid for a Horse [ 
December 29 th . To Sundry Goods sent to M r Cal[hoon? 

897 Bucks & 1 Doe 7/6 P r [ 
To Cash paid Lymes for 4 Horses [ 
To 1 Ax [ 

To 5 Horses & Bells appraised to [ 


Sir William Johnson Papers 




25 th . To Sundry Goods sent to M r C[alhoon? ] 


549 Bucks a 7/6 
To Cash paid for 8 Bags 
15 th . To Sundry Goods sent to [ 

286 Bucks & 1 Doe 
3 1 To Ditto amounting to 
727 Bucks 
To Cash paid for 1 Horse [ 
5 To Sundrys amounting [ 
To 2|/2 pair Stone [ 
1 dozen stone 
Car[ried over] 



| Franks 


3.15. 6 


14. 8. 9 

15.17. 9 



11. 5. 

159. 7. 6 

12. 7. 

38. 7.11 

207.16. 3 

207. 3. 9 

M' David 
Franks for Corn at 
] & his Receipt 


] overcharged 
] 84 Raccoons 

] turned 4.13.024 

] & 1 Doe 49. 6.3 53.19. 3y 4 

] bought of Tuskarawas 3.10. 6 

] 155. 3. 9 

] 2. 1. 3 

] 4 Raccoons 54.16. 3 

] 7.10. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 349 

[ ] 96.3.9 

[ ] 17.5.6 

[ ] 6.0.0 119. 9. 3 

r 1 1.17. 6 

£1071. 5. iy 4 

Brought Over 

May 15 th . To Sundrys amounting to [ 

June 10 th . To ditto [ 

15 To ditto amounting to 34 [ 

1 pair Steelyards 30/1 frying Pan 12/ [ 

5 Cows & Calves 3 [ 

2 Cow Bells [ 

1 Scyth 5/ 2 p r Hinges & 2 Axes 36/6 [ 

6 Cups 6/6 1 Large Canteen 5/ [ 
a Mare [ 

To Sundrys amounting to 329 B & 1 D [ 
To 1 56 Bucks [ 

To 1024 Bucks a 7/6 [ 

To Cash paid making Coats & the [ 

they were made of being only charge [ 
To Sundrys 2046 Bucks & [ 

2 Bells 1 5/ a Horse [ 
To Sundrys 999 Bucks [ 

2 Bags 12/ 1 Dish 14/ [ 

To Sundrys 1 40 Bucks 
To Ditto 251 Bucks [ 
To Cash paid for 2 B[ 
To Sundrys amounting 

9.0.5 d Flower [ ] 

M r Calhoon was oblig[ 







Nov r . 


Dec r . 












Sir William Johnson Papers 


1 3 To Sundrys | 



] & Francis 
2. 8.9 

£1071. 5. 2% 

0. 3. 6 

1. 0. 

573.18. 9 

]cks a 7/6 87. 3.9 
] 2.16.3 

Brought Over 

90. 0. 

£1742. 4. 5V 4 
I ] 

13 To 1 Horse with Saddle [ 
To 1 Rifle, 1 French Gun [ 
& 108 Bucks worth of 

Adventure to the Miames, D Troit & a 
care of] 
Michel Teass, &a. 





To Sundrys Amountin 

gto3885B[ ] 


To ditto 

4831 D[ ] 



To ditto 

981 B[ ] 



To ditto 

528 Bucks [ ] 

Novem r 


To ditto 

261 ditto [ ] 

Dec r . 


To ditto 

1 1802 ditto [ ] 




To ditto 

363 [ ] 


To ditto 

[ ] 



To ditto 

[ ] 



To ditto 

54[ ] 


To 311 Powder 

[ 1 



To Sundrys 

4[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Nov r . 

25 To 




Decem r . 

7 To 

ditto 2 Ei 





Cash paid for a Horse 



] £1742. 

4. 5% 


£21. 0. 


2. 8. 


] Doe 

a 7/6 



] Sadl< 


2. 0. 


] Doe 

8. 0. 





43. 2. 
237. 0. 

39. 9. 

206. 1. 




7. 9 


12. 2V 4 




April 23 

To 3734 





ditto [ 




Beaver Skins 132 


Foxes & 



Bear skins 



Sundry Goods 

& Debts amount [ 


352 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in Goods & 1422 Bucks in Debts [ 

makes 2023 Bucks a 7/6 [ ] 

36 Horses a 

36 Sadies & 36 Bells 2/16 [ ] 

£ S 
By the Carriage of 196.3.0 [ 
Philad* a 30/ $ O. which we di [ 
the Skins at the Philadelphia [ 
at that time, as the Carriage of th[ 
they lay to Fort Pitt was paid for [ 
before we heard of the War [ 
Alexander Lowrey one half [ 
Levy Trent & Comys half [ 

£5018.12. 2y A 

£5018.12. 2Y 4 

I ] 


April 30 To Sundry Go[ods 

To 43 Horse Sadies [ 

To Sundrys taken with [ 

for De Troit [ 

1 Black Mare Sadie & Bridle [ 

Wampum, Silver Ware, Watch 

& Shirt taken to buy provisions [ 

1 Rifle [ 

a Horse & Bell, that M r Levys Man [ 

To Sundrys destroyed at the Plantation 

which was made over to us for the [payment 

To a Field of Corn destroyed by the 

us by Jonathan Plumer for the p[ayment 

To Sundry Houses, Fields of Corn 

Run destroyed made over to us for the 

To 9 Horses taken by the [ 

which I had bought some f[ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


To Sundry Goods under the [ 

to £1469.14.41/2 who was k[illed 
To Sundry Debts left (being the [ 

the Care of James Breaden [ 
To 3 Cannoes cost (lost [ 
To 2 Horses taken by the D [ 
To 5 Stone Houses & dwell [ 

Carried [ 

] £5018.12. 2Y A 
out of the opposite Account 
] 1131. 4. 8 


Tussagamor John Strong [ 
Bird or Choler a [ 
The Fasting Woman [ 
Mushequanschopia or the Turtle 
John Strong 

Cornelius the Wayondott 
The Pockmarked Shewnesse 
Natimsehas Brother 
The Woman with Natemseha or th 
The White Hawks Brother 

John Willkins or Winguitta 
Capt Montours Son In Law 

Messina Wachalemes Son 
John Strongs Son came with 
King Shingess Son 
Philip a Delaware Man 

Guctaller or Wettalloway 
Cap 1 M c Kee's Step Daughter 
Wappemagua or the White 
Vol. V — 12 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r Johnny a Delaware 
The Locks Cousin or S e . 
Mohickon Abraham 
The Pheasant 
Pusquetan [ 


gest son 
Brothers lived 

at M< 


Ku hawsher 

Delaware Woman 




































































Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 



Wingenems Brother 

Mattate Peter little [ ] 

The White Wolf 

Lawlamache Nemicollens oldest | 


John Kellys Son 


Sweed a Delaware 

Benjamin a Delaware 


The White Mingoe 

John Bull or Bullet 

John Champion 

Jacob Daniel 

King Shingess 

The Turtles hart 

Thomas Hichman 

Cap' Jacobs 


Toghgache a Delaware 

Capt Pipe 

Thomas Green 

Kishecima a Shawnes[ 

Daniel or Tom a Delw[ 

John Owens's Son 

Thomas John [ 
























Sir William Johnson Papers 

gest Son 


Killbucks Sister 

Otachasago, a Mingoe [ 

The Mingoe Woman with [ 

Ben: Diccason 

The Rotten Pumpkin 

Abraham Daniel 

Michel Puckawa 

Thomas Armstrongs Brother 

Joseph Compass 

John Martins old Wife 

The Old Woman that went with 

The Old Man Ditto 
The Pockmarked Cunnywag 
The Big House a Mingoe Man 
Patcohelen, Stevens's Brother 














10. 4 






9. 6 


8. 2 




8. 8 


9. 6 


2. 6 


11. 6 


8. 8 



Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Joseph Hickman 

Delaware George 

Indian Dick 


Frank Stevens 

The Big Hills Brother 



William Toonam[ 

Cap 1 Jacobs Son 

Will Nem[ ] 




. 2. 




. 6 








































To Foot of [ 

To £100 damage [ 

Skins being obliged to make it [ 

358 Sir William Johnson Papers 

us from the Enemy Shott, & [ 
Weather during the time the Indians | 
I believe the damage was nigher t [wice 
only charge [ 

To the damage Sustained on the G[oods 
Pitt for want of Conveniency of [store 
Sell them for £663 . . 4 . . 0% [ ] 

besides the Carriage, com[ 
the Carriage from Philadelphia [ 
we then paid is £500 [ 
Adventure to D'Troit [ 
Care of Michel Teas [s 
entred in page 3 

[ ] 

£30920.18. 634 

] before me William Coxe Esq r One [ 
] City of Philadelphia William Trent [ 
and Province of Pennsylvania who [on the Holy] Evangelists 
of Almighty God, made [ ] whereon there is a 

Ballance due of [ ] hundred and Eighty Pounds, 

One [ ] Ballance is the amount of the Losses 

[of David Franks, Joseph] Symons, Levy Andrew Levy & 
William [Trent when the Indians were] waging War against 
his Brittanick [Majesty in America] in 1763 when they seized 
the [ ] their Books and Papers, and [ 

] their hands. 

] further saith that the sum of 

] pounds Six Shillings and six 

]ed by Alexander Lowrey. And 

six Pounds One shilling and 

] this Account as he could not get 

] on the Adventure debiting 

j & taking out what was [ ] 

the above Account 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 359 


| Seven Hundred and Eighty 



William Trent 


as the nature of 


Sworn & Subscribed to 

before me this Nineteenth 

day of August 1 766 

Will Coxe. 



Philada., August 19, 1766 

[ ] 

] of Goods, Which was On [ 

County to Fort Pitt, Amounting [ ] Transporta- 

tion & other Charges [fourteen thousand and] thirty Eight 
pounds & 1 1 / Pens 3 Curry. 

£14038 11 - 
[ ] — pack Horses — making 

amounting Unto 687 1 1 2 

£14726 2 2 

[ ] the above Cargo of 

trans] ported back to 

] during the Indian 
[ j | Annexed Am*, to 10357 2«/ 2 

£4369 1 \V/ 2 

personely appeared before Me [William 
Coxe] Alderman of this City, Samuel [Wharton] Merchant 
(one of the [ | duly affirmed doth declare [ ]t 

is just & true & That the [four thousand] three hundred & 

360 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sixty Nine pounds [ ] so as aforesaid lost [ 

Britannich Subjects in a]ffirmant saith Not. 

[August] 19 th 1766. 
[To Cash p d 

Shirts [ 

June 8 To Cash p d Ca[rriage 

Feby 15 To William symonds for [ 
July 1 To Magee & Saunderson. 

for sundry Deduct On the [ 
p d M r . Kelly for publishing the [ 
p d . Posteridge of part of the Go[ 
To Our Commissions On selling [ 
the Goods On the contra side [ 
by M c Kee & saunderson & [ 
being £ 7474 [ 
Ballance of [ 



£2445.. 3.. 1 



128. .5.. - 



161. .2.. - 





10. 1 

] ton 1 p c . of Irish Linnen 26 y ds 3/6 4.11. - 

Wharton & Morgan for Sundrys 17.18. 6 

] ton 1 p c . flower'd Tabby 40/4 y d 20/ 40 . 5 . - 
Ids of sundrys sold at 
] & Saunderson 3252.19. 4 

of sundrys sold by 
] & Morgan p r Sales 3470.14. 9|4 

On y r . & Our joint 
] Daniel Clark at Mobile 
] 1156. 2.101/2 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 361 

] sold at Vendue 

[ ] 36. 2. - 

£10763. 3. 6% 
[ ] Debts 

[Bayn]ton & Wharton 
INDORSED: Baynton & Wharton & 
Callendar and Spear's 
Account of Indian Losses 

£4369. 1.11J/2 
Number 6, 



Phild*. August 19 th . 1766 

[ ] 

[ ] at Cost 6000 

Sam 1 Wharton Adm r . 

duly appeared before Me William Coxe Esq r 
[ ] of this City, Samuel Wharton [ ] Ad- 

ministrator to John Welch deceased, [ affirmed (He 

being One of the People [ ] declareth arfirmeth & 

saith, That | of the Loss sustained by John Welch 

particular just & true Account, He 
can make, as both the said John [ ] Welch were 

masacred, by the [ ] Lord, 1 763 & all their 

Goods ]ing, were confiscated & dis[ 

ans & farther this Affirmant [ 

Sam l Wharton 

INDORSED: John Welchs [ ] 

Indian Los[ses 

£600 [6 ] 


362 Sir William Johnson Papers 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 323-24, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: an account of losses sustained from the 
Indians by John Welch, deceased, with affirmation of Samuel Wharton, 1 
administrator, before William Coxe, August 1 9th, Phila. ; a letter of the 
20th to the lords of trade, concerning the conference with Pondiac, Indian 
jealousy of encroachments and resentment for murders of which the whites 
are guilty, the need of established methods for redressing these grievances, 
the recklessness of popular sentiment, violation of trade regulations and 
the desire of the Six Nations for a boundary between their lands and 
those of the whites (printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:851-53) ; 
Lieutenant John Carden's account of expenses incurred by Pondiack 
and the Indians going to the congress at Ontario, the 2 1 st, Fort Erie ; 
Baynton, Wharton & Morgan's receipt to George Croghan for £113, 
the 22d, Fort Chartres; a letter of the 22d to Sir Henry Moore, men- 
tioning the journey to Ontario, Sir Henry's late illness and his coming 
visit to Johnson Hall. 


A. Df. 2 

Autograph of Sir William Johnson, dated Johnson Hall 

August — 23— 1766' 

I have been so much hurried since my last and so much com- 
pany here that I found it difficult to get a copy of my late trans- 
actions in readyness for the Lords of Trade, one is Lyin for 
your preusal which which I must beg you will excuse me for 
not being able to send by this opportunity It shall go with my 
next together with the list of Officers & Sallarys & c . I should 
have mentioned in my last that the French Inhabitants at the 
Miamis and at Detroit had used every artifice in their power to 
hinder Pondiac & the western Indians from coing to meet me 
& Mr Crawford found it a difficult task to efface the impres- 
sions which their stories had left on the mines of the Indians. 
The same schemes were practised retard or prevent Mr. Cole 

1 For fragment of affirmation see above. 

2 In New York State Library. 

3 Statement written on top of letter — not by Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 363 

from going to Ilinois, and a cartain Joseph Chapaton offered 
Godfrey his conductor 3000 Livres if he would leave his serv- 
ices and prevent him from getting anybody to conduct him to 
that place 

I have received a letter from Cap*. Howard 1 by which I find 
that the Indians are extremnly desirous to have the post at La 
Baye reestablished and have urged it much. 
Gen l . Gage 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 324-25, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of August 24th from Captain 
Harmen Kneckerbacker and other officers, Halfmoon and Schactakook, 
informing of Colonel Isaac Man's attempt to make them take commis- 
sions in his regiment and avowing their preference to serve under Johnson; 
one of the 24th from Commissary B. Roberts, Niagara, on the improved 
honesty of the Indians about the post; one of the 25th from Wm. Smith 
Jun., John Morin Scott and Benjn. Kissam, Albany, informing that they 
have a power of attorney from the Kayadorasseres heirs and offering new 
terms of settlement to the Indians; one of the 25th from Captain Normand 
MacLeod, Ontario, on trading affairs at Ontario and the neighborhood 
of Toronto, dissatisfaction of the Five Nations at trade restrictions; 
Ligonier's receipt to Edward Cole for 300 livres for services as pilot and 
voyager, the 25th, Fort Chartres; a letter of the 26th from Lieutenant 
Aug. Prevost, Quebec, acknowledging courtesies; one of the 26th to 
Messrs Smith, Scott and Kissam, mentioning the obstacles to a settlement 
of the Kayaderosseras dispute, particularly the bad faith with which the 
agreement about the Livingston patent is being carried out, suggesting a 
mode of settlement and promising cooperation; one of the 26th from 
Lieutenant Jehu Hay, Detroit, about a contention with Major Bayard 
over Hay's quarters, preparations for trade and offenses against the 
garrison committed by Puttawattamies of St Joseph; Sir William John- 
son's account with Gerardus Duyckinck for household and library articles, 
the 26th, New York; a letter of the 26th from G. Duyckinck, New 
York, about articles mentioned in the preceding; one of the 27th from 
Attorney General J. T. Kempe, Albany, considering three ways of 
settling the Cayaderosseras dispute, the claimants' renunciation of claim, 
act of Assembly and act of Parliament. 

1 Captain William Howard, in command at Michilimackinac. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 1 

Montreal 27 August 1766— 

l ] v 

2 16- 

I ] 2/8 

2 - - 

[ ] 8^ 

1 - - 

[ ] 2/8 

1 12 - 

[ ] 11/4 

5 13 4 

[ ] 6/ 

3 - - 

[ ] 5/4 

2 13 4 

[ ] 32/ 

16 - - 

[ ] 8/8 

13 - - 

[ ] 7/4 

4 15 4 

[ ] 5/4 

5 1 1 
7 6 8 

[ ] 10/ 

1 - - 

[ ] 10/ 

2 - - 

[ ] 6/8 

1 13 4 

[ ] 8/ 

14 th July 

- 16 - 

[the Sauteajux from the 

to 24 th 

[ ] 8^ 

1 17 4 

[ ] 8^ 

- 16 - 

[ ]dy 5/4 

1 1 4 
- 6 4 

Outawas 10 Men & Women from 
the 24 8 d 

9 4 


18 8 

Brandy 5/4 

1 1 4 
7 4 

£ 5[ ] 

54[5 9] 

4 8 

2 16[-8] 

1 Account of Mr Pillet. 

Posl-War Period, J 763-1 774 


Number of days the Savages 
have been 

30 days 
Amable Garrany 

3 [ ] 

or the Mississaga 


£- 12 - 


1 13 4 


- 18 - 


- 14- 


- 4 - 

3 - - 


Gallons Brandy [ 

Rent [ 

Para[n? ] 

The Gun Smiths Acco 1 . [ 

Errors Excepted [ 

Montreal August 27 th [1766] 
I examined the above Acco*. and [ Dan. Claus] 

[Montreal 26 August 1766 

I ordered the above g[ 
to the Indians of the [ 


Eyre Massy 
Comma [ 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 325, are listed the following papers 
destroyed by fire: a letter of the 28th from Captain Daniel Claus, 
Montreal, asking that £100 be sent him in care of St John, informing of 
St John's services and fitness, and of infringements on trade regulations 
at Michilimc. ; one of the 28th from Baynton, Wharton & Morgan. 
Philada., urging payment of money advanced to Mr Croghan, quoting 
Doctor Franklin in support of the Illinois colony project, and discussing 
Mr Morgan's agreement to take goods to the lower Shawanese town, 
inclosing a draft by Mr McKee in their favor (Printed in Collections of 

366 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Illinois Stale Historical Library, 1 1 : 366-68, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. 
E. Carter) ; one of the 28th from Captain Normand MacLeod, Ontario, 
inclosing Mr Hay's letter of August 17; one of the 28th from Gw. 
Banyar, New York, recommending to Sir William's good offices Hugh 
Frazier, and saying that, a dispute about land between Mr Frazier and 
Mr Duane having been settled by the Governor as referee, his Excellency 
desires to assist Mr Frazier in obtaining an interest in an Indian purchase; 
Charles McNamara's receipt to Edward Cole for 1 8 dollars for pay as 
interpreter, the 28th, Fort Chartres; John Baptist Nodrie's receipt to 
Edward Cole for 60 livres for the hire of a horse from Fort De Troit, 
the 28th, Fort Chartres. 

D. S. 1 

Fort Chartres Aug 28, 1766. 

Received of Edward Cole Esq. Commissary of Indian Affairs 

for the Illinois, five Dollars each for five days labour in assisting 

at the Congress held with the Indians at this place. 

James M. Meen 

Isaac X Williams 



Rich. Winston. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 325—26, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of August 29th to Peter Hasen- 
clever about the land purchase which the latter desires to make in the 
Oneida country, the proposed Detroit company, a late popular disturbance 
and the effect of frontier crimes against the Indians; one of the 29th to 
W. O'Brien, mentioning his desire to assist Mr O'Brien in a land purchase, 
also the satisfactory result of the conference with Pondiac at Ontario; 

1 Copy made by Professor Clarence E. Carter, of Miami University, 
Oxford, Ohio, before the fire; the original was destroyed. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 367 

Rich'd Winston's receipt to Edward Cole for 1 50 livres for a horse 
furnished two Shawney Indians, the 29th Fort Chartres; Henry I. 
Bogert's receipt to William Darlington for articles received by him, to be 
delivered for Sir William Johnson to Dr Samuel Stringer at Albany, the 
30th, New York; a letter of the 30th from Peter Hasenclever, New 
York, commenting on ministerial changes in England, the late acts of 
Parliament for the regulation of trade, and asking assistance to make a 
purchase from the Onida Indians; one of the 30th from William Darling- 
ton, New York, about an order for goods which he has filled, and some 
business inclosures ; Rich'd Winston's receipt to Edward Cole for 1 60 
livres on account of St Marie, the 30th, Fort Chartres, a letter of the 
31st from Captain Normand MacLeod, Ontario, about movements of 
French canoes towards Beccanti, Detroit and Mishilimackina, and Indian 
expenses contracted at the post; Edward Cole, Fort Chartres, commissary 
for the Ilinois country, in account with John Baptist Vodri and Antoine 
La Franboist for sundries — 193 livres, 10 sols, followed by receipt; 
John Baptist Vodri's account, the 3 1 st, Fort Chartres, against Edward 
Cole for services as interpreter, 250 livres, with Vodri's receipt; account 
of La Fraboist, the 31st, Fort Chartres, for services as interpreter — 250 
livres, with receipt to Edward Cole; a letter from Peter Remsen, New 
York, concerning iron ore sent by Johnson to be assayed, also the defects 
of the potash made by Ruberd's son; Rob't Russel's account for baking 
done for 53 Indians at two coppers per man, receipted, Fort Erie (Date 
probably August 1 766) ; a letter of September 1 st from G. Maturin, New 
York, notifying that he has paid Robert Adams £4271 , 1 5s, Id York cur- 
rency for the pay of Johnson and his officers from September 24, 1 765, 
to March 25, 1 766, and disbursements on account of the Six Nations, 
from August 26, 1765, to June 28, 1766; Maisonville's receipt to 
Edward Cole for horse hire, the 1 st, Fort Chartres ; Sir William Johnson's 
receipt, the 1st, New York, to Gabriel Maturin for £1751, 7s, lid in 
full account of pay for himself and subordinates from September 24, 
1765, to March 25, 1766; and Sir William Johnson's receipt, the 1st, 
New York, to Gabriel Maturin for £3216, 10s, 6d in full of account of 
disbursements for the Six Nations, also the Canada and western con- 
federacy, together with other expenses from August 26, 1765, to June 
28, 1 766, accompanied by the account. 

368 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

New York Sept'. K J 766 
Dear Sir, 

M r : Robert Adams has delivered me your Favor of 23 d . 
Ul mo : and I shall give orders for him to receive the amount of 
your Accounts agreeable to your Desire. 

Complaints against the secret Machinations of the French will 
I fear long Subsist, I shall send the Paragraph of your Letter 
concerning this Matter to Detroit, particularly what is said about 

Nothing can be done for some Time as to New Posts; those 
we have are mostly tumbling down, and I find all the Traders 
from Canada very loud that they are confined to them ; declaring 
it is by that Means the Furrs get to the French at the Ilinois, and 
transported to New-Orleans. Cap 1 . Howard will be down soon. 
I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 
P: S: 

M r . Maturin desires me to remind you 
of two general Receipts transmitted to you 
thro' M r . Darlington a good while ago, which 
have not been sent back. T: G: 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar*. 

INDORSED: Septb r . 1 st . 1766 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

1 In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 369 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 327, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: Instructions from Major Robert Rogers to Mr 
Desriviers for an embassy among the Fallesavoines, Puans, Sakis, Renards 
and Scioux: to notify them of Rogers's appointment to the command at 
Michilimackinac, of the friendship of the English King and the opening of 
free communication between these nations and the English. (In English 
and French), dated September 2d, Michilimakinac; a letter of the 4th 
from Matthew Wade, Montreal, sending bill of exchange drawn by 
Colonel Massy, and asking that payment may be made to Mrs Ann 
DeVisme of New York, and that Captain Claus be requested to give 
Wade the preference in the purchase of goods; one of the 6th from 
Francis Wade, Philada., concerning Mr Croghan's bill on Johnson, 
debtors against whom Wade is authorized to proceed in Johnson's behalf, 
some articles of silver, goods at Fort Pitt, which are for sale, and excesses 
of party spirit; Hugh Crawford's order, the 8th, Detroit, in favor of 
Messrs Henry, Farrell and Abbott for £ 1 38, 4s, 8d, followed by a 
letter from Robt. Henry relating to the draft and a false complaint made 
to Mr Hay; a letter of the 8th from James Hill Clark, Fort Detroit, 
announcing that he has not formed any partnership with Mr Robins, 
describing a quarrel between Hugh Crawford and Mr Tims, and mention- 
ing Lieutenant Scott and Captain Turnbull; deed of a house by Thos. 
Smallman to Edward Cole, consideration, 600 dollars, the 8th, Chartres 
(printed in Collections of the Illinois Stale Historical Library, 1 1 :372, 
ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter) ; a letter of the 9th from Captain 
Normand MacLeod, Ontario, about the reported hostility of the Skequa- 
necks, friendliness of the Conasedagas, intentions of the Onondagas against 
the Cherokees, and limited accommodations for commissaries and inter- 
preters; one of the 10th from George Croghan, Fort Chartres, mentioning 
a meeting at the Kaskaskias, a conference at the fort with the representa- 
tives of eight nations, divided into 22 tribes, a peace between the northern 
and the western nations, a present to the Indians and the writer's illness 
(printed in Collections of the Illinois Stale Historical Library, 1 1 :373- 
74, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter) ; and Baynton, Wharton & 
Morgan's receipt to George Croghan for £110, the 10th, Fort Chartres. 

370 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. Df. S. 
[Johnson Hall, September 10, 1766] 

[ ] 

I rec d . 2 Days ago at [ ] 

Since my [ ] 

had a Shilling in my [ 

to Send Adems to York for money [ ] 

four or five Days, when he arrives, I [ ] 

You £100 So that you need not pay Int[ ] 

difficulty will be to find an opertunity of [forwarding it? 

I have not a moments leisure to [ ] 

Affair of Tadousack, but would have you enquire into the Affair, 
and then if you find that y r pr[esence] there can be of Service 
towards Settling it to the Satisfaction of the Ind s . & do Justice 
to all par [ties] I would have you go there, otherwise not. 

I think you ought to remonstrate strongly [ ] Gov r . 

there on the conduct of the Traders who go tra[ding] amg". 
the Distant Nations against y e Will of y e Comds. Officers, and 
contrary to the intention of Government. It is in his power 
to prevent it when he grants them passes [ ] them People 

at Michilimacinac taking such liberty will overset all order, & 
everry regulation at the other Posts, the consequence of w ch . 
may be felt by y e Delinq [uents] very Severely, & be a means 
of a Quarrel, & entirely render all Commissarys useless. As to 
the Indians request in favour of the Bearer, it is all a Joke, You 
know how easy it is to get Ind s . in such case to ask for [ 

] I being entirely a stranger [ 
| Ace", of Expences will stand a bad [ 
| as it is not vouched by you, or LA [ 
| however I will try for it, if you Judge it [ 
] for my part, I think his Ace", high, As well as 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 371 

wrong go to Such expense without your authority, 

w h . Instructions to him, I can't 

find he had. 

I will in a Short time present Y rs . & Co". Masseys Acc tt . 
of Expences together w ,h my own &ca. to the General, & 
Endeavour to have them paid & Settled. — I thank 
You for the Tobacco, Snuff & Quills w h . are all verry good & 
came in good time. I expect the Gov. here with his Lady & 
Daughter next Week, when I shall have my hands full, with 
the Whites & Indians for some time. I had a letter by last 
Pacquet from my son then in Ireland verry happy, he likes the 

Country & the People better than England. Tiata 

the Huron Speaker who was at Oswego with me dyed at Fort 
Erie of a hard drinking bout, tho the Ind s . say that a Potawat- 
tamy poisoned or bewitched him. I am so full of business and 
trouble that I Cant add more than that I am Sincerely 

& Affect^. Yours 

W Johnson. 
M". Claus will enclose You 
a letter w h . I beleive is from 

Sir W m Baker 

Daniel Claus Esq r . 

PS I write Van Derheyden not 

to Send the £100, but to let me know by whom I can send it. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 327—28, are listed these papers, which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of September 1 1th, from St John Rauseau, 
Albany, offering to carry money to Canada ; and one of the 1 2th from 
Francis Wade, Philada., transmitting an account, also Mr Croghan's 
draft, and mentioning Mr Johnston's note and a draft on Captain Clawes. 


In Franklin's Writings (Smyth ed.), 4:461, and Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library, 1 I :376— 77, appears a letter of Septem- 
ber 1 2th from Benjamin Franklin, expressing the view that "a well- 

372 Sir William Johnson Papers 

conducted western Colony, if it could be settled with the Approbation 
of the Indians, would be of great National Advantage," also declaring 
his appreciation of Johnson's knowledge, character and services to 
America, and denouncing the barbarities of the frontier people in their 
treatment of the Indians. 


[Michilimackinac, Sept 12, 1766. 


] Therefore I have [ 


from the Frensh in the [ 
me that the Indians wh[ 
more Sattisfit at present. [ 
Sume time before, but [ 
to trust them, becauss the [ 
words when the drunk, that [ 
lyke, and could never understand [ 
maning of it, and the belive that [ 
have Sume bat desins; 

One Frensh mann cald Chevalier [ 
whow lived at S f Joseph, Sent [ 
one La grandeur how was formerly [ 
in the Frensh Service with a Letter [ 
Commandant of the Guarneson, which [ 
informes them what I Report to you [ 
I have more distinkly from La Grandeur [ 
Declaration to me, while I understan[ 
Frensh Langage midling well. 

Says that for 40 days past [ 
S* Joseph, just before arreeved on [ 

on Indian Cheff and told to Sit [Chevallier 

1 A lieutenant in the 60th regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 373 

and Showed him 7 Branshes of Porcelaine [ 

[ ] 

[ ]fy,that[ ] 

] he was still a [ 
] great number of Frensh [ 
] Soldiers under Command [ 
[of a Spa]nish officer at Mons r . S f Anges 1 [ 

] Post is cald Tenecourt & Misair* [ 
[ ] Should in radenesse by further [ 

] as by the first warning. 

] Grandeur belived for Sur the Tro[ops 
by this time arreeved at S' Anges Post [ 

that the Frensh Soldiers where inlisted in the Spanish Service, 
whow where formerly in the Frensh Colonies Service. 

] that he Could not know if the came [ 
out bat design, or if the came there [to] take possession of that 
Post, and belived [ all account ther could be arreeved 

] of 1 5 hundert man and that [ ] 

[S 1 ] Anges had Sent to meet them 15 Cheff [ 

] Indians under which was a grant Cheff [Called] 

]vanon over this nation here about [ 
he says further that all the wariors [ ] 

[a] bout S l . Joseph where rady this [ ] 

to go to Detroit and Strik the [English] 

[ •] 

After this Intelligence [ 
by Severall Inhabitans [ 
trust the must, that he [ 
honnest mann, and gave the [ 

Till So fur it is all what [ 
to Communicate to you, Should | 

1 Louis St Ange de Belrive, in command of Fort Chartres from June, 
1764, to October, 1765. 

8 Misere, or Ste. Genevieve, on the west bank of the Mississippi. 
3 Several lines missing. 

374 Sir William Johnson Papers 

perticulers hapning for the future [ ] 

be assured that I shall have the [ ] 

to give on Exact account of it. fr[om ] 

the remains with great Estime & [ ] 


Your Must humble 
must obedient Ser[ 

J. Spiesmacher 

Commds the D [ ] 

of the 2 d Bat 1 60 
INDORSED: Michilimackinac 

Cap* SpiseMakers Letter 
wi th . Intelligence — 

L. S. 1 

Whitehall Sept'. 13. 1766 
Sir W m . Johnson 

Your Letter of 28 of June respecting the Discontents prevail- 
ing among the Indians, I have had the Honour to lay before the 
King & I have the pleasure to inform you, that His Majesty very 
highly approves your Conduct & Prudence in the managem 1 . of 
that Department which has been intrusted to your Care. 

His Majesty is greatly displeas'd that so many Frauds & 
Violences should have been committed on the Indian Tribes 
under His Protection, & that settlements should be made so con- 
trary to the Intention of His Proclamation of 1 763 ; I have in 
Command to recommend to you, in the strongest Manner, that 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.225. p. 2, London, England. 
The State Library has a duplicate, much injured by the fire. 

Post-War Period, f 763-1 774 375 

you will take every measure that Prudence can suggest to appease 
for the Present the too just resentment of the Indian Tribes: 
It appears necessary that some General Plan formed upon the 
Principal of Justice as well as Policy should be adopted for 
restraining in future those settlements & for preventing effectually 
the Frauds & Irregularities of the Traders which should be car- 
ried firmly & steadily into Execution, but as such plan ought to 
be well digested before the Execution of it is attempted, His 
Majesty relies in the mean time upon your known Experience 
& Prudence & upon the effect of those Letters which He has 
ordered to be transmitted by this Packet to Major Gen 1 . Gage 
& His Gov rs . on the Continent, representing the Evils which may 
arise from the present Irregularities, & requiring them to co- 
operate towards enforcing Obedience to, & carrying into strict 
Execution, His Majesty's Proclamation, which if duly attented 
to might have been effectual for the Prevention of those Evils, 
The Violences & Irregularities of the Traders & Settlers cannot 
& must not be endured : The settlement at Red Stone Creek * 
made as you observe out of the Boundaries of any Province is a 
striking instance of the Temerity of those Settlers, But it is hoped 
that the measures which you may take & the co-operation of the 
Commander in chief & Gov rs . will for the present suspend the 
Evils you apprehend untill more regulated measures can be taken, 
which will speedily come under His Majesty's Consideration. 

I am & c . 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 328, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of September 13th from T. Brown, 
Albany, about the instruction of Master Peter and preparations for a 
meeting between the Governor and some members "of the Fraternity, 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:368; Q, 4:233); one of the 15th to 

1 A branch of the Monongahela river, about 37 miles from Fort Pitt. 
At the mouth of this creek in 1 754 Captain William Trent built a 

376 Sir William Johnson Papers 

General Gage on the necessity of maintaining the trade regulations, medals 
for the Indians, receipts returned from Mr Maturin, a report on the tran- 
sactions with Pondiac, and a communication from the lords of trade; 
one of the 1 5th from Gavin Cochrane, Genoch Scotland, describing the 
reception of Sir John Johnson in England, mentioning the visit of some 
Mohawks to London and their grievance against Mr Livingston, Cochrane's 
experience with Indian affairs in South Carolina, and the mania in Eng- 
land for Indian lands; and one of the 15th from John Wendell, Albany, 
inquiring about land purchased by Abraham Wendell and Hermanus 
Wendell of Ebenzer Wilson. 


Cocknewaga Mills Sept r . 15, 1766 

I have the honor to acquaint you that I left Detroit the 27 th 
of Last month when all the nation's there and thereabouts were 
in a perfect State of Tranquility, more so than has been known 
for a Long time past, and when the result of your Late Congress 
is made known to them, It is not to be doubted but Every thing 
will remain Quiet M r Hay with some of the Indians were 
arriv'd before I Left Detroit, but not Pondiac Colonel Campbill 
who I am now with here met them on Lake Erie. The House 
you mentioned to me when at Oswego for Lieu 1 Hay, should 
have been given him, had it not been allotted by the General for 
a Naval Store. I would not on any account have pass'd by with- 
out Calling on you, but you must be Certain, I am Very anxious 
to get to New York, Captain Turnbull Desir'd to be rememberd 
to you I am 

Sir your most Obd* & Very 

Hum 1 Serv 1 

Rob t Bayard 
Sir W m Johnston B* 

INDORSED: Septb r . 15 th . 1766 

Major Bayards Letter 

In the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. 

Post-War Period, f 763-1 774 377 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 328—29, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of September 16th from Francis 
Wade, Philada., mentioning an inclosed letter from Johnson's brother, 
recommending a young man from Dublin, asking a remittance and inform- 
ing that he has named a son after Johnson ; one of the 1 6th to Baynton, 
Wharton & (Morgan), on the necessity of upholding the trade regulations, 
accounts and drafts, a letter from the lords of trade, the boundary and 
success with Pondiac and other western chiefs ; one of the 1 8th from 
William Darlington, New York, about a bolting cloth which Alexander 
Stewart will deliver and a package which Darlington has forwarded by 
the Duke of Cumberland packet, Captain John Goodridge; and Alexander 
Dundas's account of pork furnished the Indians, receipted, the 1 8th, 
Fort Chartres. 

A. D. S. 
Montreal, September 18, 1766 

i ] 

In hope [ 

to give an acco* of the following [ 
[re]lative to that Affair. 
ag ?t His Maj. Troops & In the Beginning of the year 
old Subjects the eng 8 * 1 [ 1 763 ] War on a sudden 

traders when on the other broke out in [ His Maj». 

hand the New Subjects new conquered Posts 
were not in the least were by the Savages most | 
molested or disturbed by Attacked some of them taken & part 
the Savages & this Scene of the [ ] & English Trad- 

of Treachery & Murder ers cruelly masacred among w ch . the 
succeeded so well that' Post Mich [ilimackinac the 

1 The words in the margin were evidently to be inserted or substituted 
for other matter in the document. 

378 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Misfortune to fall a Victim to those 
Enemies; In the meantime & seem- 
ingly to bring about a deep laid 
[ ] as in the Sequel of 

this Acco 1 . will appear | 
Savages ab l . that place kept their 
hands [ ] from Blood- 

shed, and conducted the Remain 
[ing] part of the Garrisons of 
Michik & La Bay [to this] Town, 
on their Arrival they were well re- 
ceived & during their Stay extremely 
] used & loaded with 
presents, but before they [ 
away His Excell c >\ General Gage 
put the Question to them [ 
in case His Majesty was to chastise 
these [ ] Nations that 

committed those Outrages they 
[ ] join our Troops & 

thereby convince Us of the [ 
& Regard to the English, but on 
giving their [ ] they not 

only evated touching upon that 
Question but most daringly asked 
the General for an [ 
Trade for the french Traders in this 

[ ] 

[ ] Supplies [ 

] plainly perceiving that they 

] enemies to the British Interest; But in opposition 

& Defiance of said Proclamation the above mentioned Ducharm 

stole by the post at Vaudreil at Night and proceeded up the 

Grand River to Michilim c And laBay and according to Affida- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 379 

vits of his hirelings traded with those perfidious And [Barbarous 
Enemies 1 ] treacherous Nations in Amunition & goods at the very 
Time when his Maj s . Garrison of Detroit was most Vigourously 
besieged by [ ] Allies & friends of said Nations and 

the Commanding Officer reported to the Comd r . in chief he sus- 
pected that they had received fresh Supplies of Amunition, as 
they [ ] ied on with a [ ] Effort [ 

some [ ] before. Gen 1 Gage determined not to let so 

traiterous an Insult upon Governm 1 go unpunished direc[ted] 
Gen 1 . Burton his Successor to seize Ducharm on his Return. The 
Summer following Ducharm arrived at Carillon the English 
Merch ls . [ha ] the first Acco*. of it & immediately peti- 

tioned Gen 1 G[age] to do them & the public that Justice as to 
] Ducharm & his Effects seized for an Exam [pie to] 
others who might attempt the same thing, [Who] accordingly 
sent an Express to y e Comd§ officer at Carillon [ 
Ducharm & his Effects, but Ducharm pa[ssed] that Post a 
couple of hours before the Arriv[ ] the Express, Lieu 1 . 

Evans the second in Comand was sent after him with a party 
and not being [ ] 


found; I told Gen 1 [Burton 

to me & I might [ 

asked me if I knew any[ 

mentioned Mr Edward Chin [ 

to ask M r . Chin from him to go [ 

-dingly I delivered my Message [ 

panied me ; when we arrived at the Ferry of [ 

I desired M r . Chin to go to Ducharms house [ 

if he could get any Tydings of Ducharm [ 

soon returned & told me he met with [ 

the Men that worked Ducharms Canoes [ 

they were coming to where I was, when they [ 

1 Crossed out in the original. 

380 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I called them in to M r . Haneys house & upon En[quiry] 
They acquainted me that Ducharm fled for [ 
Night upon hearing he was pursued and left his Canoes & Effects 
at [ ] Ignace Chenier, upon which I with M r . Chin 

] the Canadians & party of Soldiers proceeded 
] Ducharms house searched for his Person & not 
finding him put a Guard over Said ho [use &] at M r Cheniers 
and according to Orders from the then military Governor brought 
the Canadians with me to Town before him [ ] to him 

how I acted in the Affair, which he approved & said I acted 
agreable to his Orders and then took the Canadians Affidavits] 
And gave further Orders for a Party to rema[in ] guard 

the Seizure at Cheniers, and in Short [ x ] 

Depy. Agent to S R . W M Jo[hnson] 
INDORSED: Deposition before 

the Judges of C n . Pleas 
relative to Ducharms 
Seizure in Aug 1 . 1 764 
Sworn the 18 h . Sep r . 1766 

[ *] 

] the parties 

[ ] the actual 

[ ] of 

[ ] & Peltries 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 329, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: an account of the 20th, of Goods Given and 
Sent to the Different Indian Nations in the District of Michilimacknai by 
Robert Rogers Esq. Commandant of the Same &c from August 8th till 
September 20th, 1 766, with Rogers's order to pay the amount, £290, 
5s, 3d, to Stephen Groesbick, and Stephen Groesbeck's order to pay 
Abraham C. Cuyler and Cornelius Glen ; a letter of September 20th from 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period , / 7 63- f 774 381 

Lieutenant Aug. Prevost, Quebec, asking that a letter to Mr Croghan 
may be forwarded; Finlay Miller's account, the 20th, Fort Chartres, of 
pork furnished the Indians, receipted ; a letter of the 2 1 st from Captain 
G. Johnson, Guy Park, about an inclosed statement of the case of the 
Mohocks, the Governor's visit to Montreal, the illness of an infant and the 
flight of a servant; one of the 23d from Francis Wade, Philada., 
mentioning Colonel Eyre Massy's draft and asking whether one of 
Massy's drafts will be paid to Mrs Ann De Visme, agreeably to 
Matthew Wade's request; Dan'l. Watson's account of milk furnished to 
sick Indians, receipted, the 24th, Fort Chartres; Lieutenant William 
Baugh's account of goods purchased for the Indian service, the 24th, 
Kaskaskias; Dr. William Annesley's bill for medical service to Indians 
from January 12 to date — £64; the 24th, Fort Chartres; Thomas 
McKee's receipt to Sir William Johnson for pay as assistant Indian agent, 
the 24th. 

New Comer's Town, September 24, 1766 

i ] 

Nation, To the Commanding [officer at Fort Pitt 

Beaty & Duffield 


I desire you wou'd inform the great [ 
we are very desirous of having some Traders to [ 
& Trade ; & request that he will allow them to come [ 
traders both English & French in other Towns for [ 
them & know that they are there, & do trade there [ 
see any Reason why that which is allowed to them | 
refused to us. We have done every thing as we promised 
] Sir William Johnson, & think that we deserve these 
things [ ] well as others. 

I desire, you would also tell him, that our people are not [well] 
pleased about this thing: And that if no traders are allowed to 
come to our Towns it will hurt the trade of the Fort very much 
when our Hunters comes in they will not go to the Fort, but 
now many of them, keeping their Skins by them 

382 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to see what will be done and if no Traders are sent, they will 
carry them to the Traders that are in the other Towns; or will 
get some of them [ ] come here & Trade. And par- 

ticular we desire that John Gibson be sent to this Town; as we 
know him, & that he is a Good Man. 

indorsed: Delivered Sep 1 . 24 th . 1766 
at New Comer's Town 
by Netawetwelaman 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 329-30, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of September 25th from Normand 
MacLeod, Ontario, on a variance between Mr Roberts and the com- 
manding officer, the remissness of the smith at Niagara, other troubles at 
that post, some Yanky horse dealers, presents to the Messesagas, the birth 
of a granddaughter to Johnson, Mr Newkirk's claim for articles given 
to the Indians, a harper expected from Ireland, a report from Detroit 
that Mr Cole is killed, a charge of the Oswegatchies and Conesdagas 
against Mr Carundache, Joseph's desire to go down, and the question 
of passes for Detroit; account of Indian expenditures September 25th, 
Fort Chartres, by Edward Cole, commissary — 19,608 livres and 10 
sols; followed by Edw. Cole's statement that he has drawn for this 
amount on Sir William Johnson in favor of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan. 
(Inclosing accounts from July 1 to September 25); Baynton, Wharton 
& Morgan's account, the 25th, Fort Chartres, of goods delivered to 
Indians by order of Edward Cole, commissary for Indian affairs at the 
Illinois, attested by Colonel Jno. Reed; Girardot's account, the 25th, 
Fort Chartres, for services as Indian interpreter, with receipt to Edward 
Cole, Geo. Morgan, witness; Edward Cole's draft on Sir William John- 
son for £1568, 13s, 7d, New York currency, in favor of Baynton, 
Wharton & Morgan, the 25th, Fort Chartres; Jacques St Martin's 
receipt to Jehu Hay for £67, 4s, pay as interpreter, the 25th, Detroit; 
Elleopolle Chesnes's receipt to Jehu Hay for £67, 4s, his pay as inter- 
preter, the 25th, Detroit; Pierre Chesne's receipt to Jehu Hay for £67, 
4s, his pay as interpreter, the 25th, Detroit; Ben. James's account of 
rum, pipes and jew's-harps furnished to Jehu Hay for the Indians, the 
25th, Detroit; memorandum of number of rations in 14 barrels of pork 
and 19 barrels of flour, 1 pound of flour and 12 ounces of pork or 3|/2 
pounds of flour constituting a ration; Theophile Lemai's receipt to Jehu 
Hay for £67, 4s, his pay as smith to the different nations of Indians 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 383 

depending on this post, the 25th, Detroit; a letter of the 25th from 
Alexander McKee, Fort Pitt, saying that trade at that post has been 
injured by the erecting of a store at the Scioto, and that the Delawares 
are chagrined at this indulgence to the Shawanese; John Meanner's 
receipt to Alexander McKee, commissary of trade, for pay as inter- 
preter, the 25th, Fort Pitt; James Saunders's receipt to Alexander Mc- 
Kee for £29, 12s, for "attending on the Indians," the 25th, Fort 
Pitt; Gordon & Parlow's bill to Captain MacLeod for Indian goods, 
the 27th, Ontario. 


New York Sep'-. 27>K 1766 

I have been honoured with a late Letter from his Grace the 
Archbishop of Canterbury upon the Subject of opening one, or 
more Indian Schools, in America. His Grace, and the Society, 
think it very necessary that some attention should be paid to the 
Indians; and if possible, after a proper Education, get some of 
them into Orders of the Church of England; but, are at a loss 
to know in what part of America it would be best to set up the 
School, or Schools; and what masters and Regulations would be 
necessary to carry the proposed Scheme into execution. My 
opinion on the Subject is required, but as my knowledge of 
Indians is very small, so I take the liberty of requesting your 
thoughts upon the Subject, as you alone are the properest Judge 
of every thing relating to Indians, on the Continent. 

This request I flatter myself you will readily grant me. 
I have the honour to be with 
great respect. Sir, 

Your most Obedient serv* 

Samuel Auchmuty 
Sir W m Johnson — 

INDORSED: New York 7 br . 27 th . 1766 
The Rev rd . M r . Auchmutys 
Letter — 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

384 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 330—31, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: Duncan, Phyn & Ellice's bill to Sir Wil- 
liam Jonson for arms and ammunition, the 29th, Schenectady; a letter 
of the 30th from Peter Hasenclever, New York, saying that he must 
defer engaging in the Indian trade, that he looks for Johnson's aid in 
making a purchase from the Onida Indians, that he is advised by George 
Clock that a purchase has been effected, and mentioning Ruppert's ingrati- 
tude to the writer, and that of the ministry to Lord Chatham; one of the 
30th from Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, Philada., asking protection 
against legal consequences threatened for their act in sending goods to 
the Shawanese town, at the request of Mr Croghan, and mentioning the 
low condition of trade (printed in Collections of Illinois State Historical 
Library, 1 1 : 396-9 7, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter) ; Sir William 
Johnson in account with Thomas McKee for articles delivered to a party 
of Tuscaroras and to Captain Henry Montour, October 3d, Fort 
Augusta; the same in account with Joseph Nicholson for goods furnished 
to Tuscaroras, the 3d, Fort Augusta; and a letter of the 4th to General 
Gage informing that Johnson has effected a purchase from the Oneidas, 
containing about 200,000 acres near the north side of the Mohawk river 
above the German flatts, reserving to himself a fifth part, also that the 
commissaries at the posts are not well supported in their authority by the 
commanding officers. 


Pittsburgh, October 4 th 1766 

We agreeable to his Majestys Proclaimation having severly 
obtained Licence of his Honour the Governor of Pennsylvania 
to carry on a Trade with all friendly Indians at this place each 
of us giving Bonds with Security for five hundred Pounds Penn- 
sylvania Currency for our strict Adherance to whatever orders 
and regulations his Majesty may at any time think fit by himself 
or his Cornmassaries appointed for that purpose to give for the 
benefit of the Trade and in hopes that each of us would have 
had an equal chance in a free Trade fair Trade here, We have 
at a very great Expence Built proper Houses for the purpose of 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 385 

Trading in this place — But notwithstanding this we are 1 ] 
under the necessity of acquainting you [Sir that Mess rs Baynton 
Wharton] & Morgan (Contrary to all Regulations [and Orders 
as well as Justice) have] in June last fixed a Store of Indian 
Goods at [the Shawaneese Town on the] River Sioto where 
they Continue by their Agent to [carry on a Trade with these] 
Indians greatly to our prejudice. We are Sensible [that many 
groundless ex]cuses will be made for this their unwarrantable 
and unj[ust Preceeding] and we here they are determined to 
Support it in this mann[er if they can] but we think it was pre- 
meditated and Calculated purposely [to monopolize] the great- 
est share of this free Trade in these Gentlemens Hands [who 
contrived] and Supported it. We Sir have hitherto imagined 
that every [of his Majestys] Subjects have an equal right to a 
free Trade whilst the necessary [regulations] are observed and 
cannot in Silence see our priveliges and even our [property] 
thus Violently carried away and unless our grievances are 
Speedily [redress'd] we must either unwillingly follow their 
Example or wait our ruin he [re.] 

To you Sir we beg leave to apply for this redress and as [you 
have] been pleased to appoint Alexander M c Kee Esq r . Com- 
missary of Trade in [this] Department we are Confident from 
our knowledge of him that what [ever directions you are pleased 
to give for this purpose will be punctually and [justly] Executed 
as the Difficulties we labour Under immediately demand 
We are with all Respect 

Sir Your most Obedient & most Honorable [Servants] 

Jo s Spear 
Dan l . Elliot Alex dr Lo[wrey] 

Jn°. Gibso[n] 
Simon & M[illigan] 

INDORSED: From Traders JohnBogg[s] 

at Fort Pitt 

1 Matter burned away is supplied here and below from a copy made 
before the fire, printed in Collections of Illinois Slate Historical Library, 
1 1 : 39 7-98, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

Vol. V — 13 

386 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

New York Oct'. 5 th . 1766. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letter of /6 th . Sep*, and am much con- 
cerned at the Reasons which has prevented your writing which 
I hope exist no longer. I am obliged to you for a Copy of the 
Congress held with Pondiac and the western Indians, at Fort- 
Ontario, and am glad every thing has ended so much to your 

The application to the Board of Trade from the Merchants 
in Canada, does not surprize me as I have long seen they would 
leave Nothing untryed to gain their Point. The affair of Passes 
for the Trade is left with the Governors, and if they will not see 
the Regulations kept up by those they permit to carry on the 
Trade, and grant their Passes with Restrictions Necessary 
thereto it is impossible for me to enforce them without Prosecu- 
tions carried on against every Officer the Moment he comes into 
the inhabited Country. Complaints have been made me of these 
vague Passes, of which Captain Howard, if you see him on his 
way to Albany, can inform you more particularly. 

If the Draught you mention of M r . Croghans is to be paid to 
Baynton & Wharton, It may possibly be effected more easy by 
Bills given them here than by Cash, of which I have no great 
Quantity ; the Quantity sent you by M r . Adams has near drained 
me of all the Cash in my Possession, but M r . Croghan must no 
longer inccurr any Expences of this kind at Pleasure, or from 
the orders I have got the War-office and Treasury will not allow 
me to pay them. These came by last Packet. Estimates again 
demanded of my Expences with orders respecting Extraordinary 
Expences which must have the Approbation of Parliament, and 
such as will not admit of Delay. Your Appointments and that 

In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 387 

of your whole Department I should properly have sent, which 
was the Reason I desired the List from you some Time ago. I 
shall be obliged to you for the List with the Pay Annext as soon 
as possible, tho' it will be too late for the present Packet by 
which I send most of the Estimates, it must go afterwards. As 
for the rest and I presume your Estimates in General, I under- 
stand that you send them to the Board of Trade, who will give 
them in to Parliament: I imagine Affairs are Managed in this 
Manner. The Parliament called for them last sessions, and 
Excuses were made about them which occasions very pressing 
Letters now. 

I am with great Regard 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 

P: S: 

I inclose some Letters to you, which you will be so good to 
forward when opportunity offers for Oswego, or Niagara. 

T: G: 

S R : W M . Johnson 

INDORSED: New York, Octb r 5 th . 1 766 
Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
w'* 1 Enclosures 
Wherein he speaks of the Artifices 
of the French to Trade at full liberty, 
& his Difficulty of inforcing them 
on ace' of prosecutions ag* the Military. 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 331, is a letter of October 6th from J. 
Pryor, New York, relating to slates and tiles for covering a building, 
with directions for laying. It was destroyed by fire. 

388 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall October 8. 1766. 

I was lately favored with your Letter of May last Signifying 
that the Society for propagating the Gospel had been pleased 
to admit me as a Member of their \ enerable body, for which I 
beg they may accept of my best acknowledgments, and Assur- 
ances of Contributing as far as in me lies, to the aid and Support 
of the Laudable purpose of their Institution. 

It will be a particular pleasure to me whenever the Dutys of 
my troublesome employment will admit of it to Correspond 
with the Society on the important Subjects of their design, and 
I flatter myself that my long residence here, and particular 
knowledge of the dispositions of the Indians may render my 
correspondence worthy attention and tend to strengthen the 
Established Church by the addition of sev 1 Members, who want 
only good Teachers to become pious Christians and faithfull 

The \\ eak State of the Church of England particularly in 
these parts, must give a Sensible concern to all its Members, 
and should interest all such in its behalf before it be too late for 
it has as I cannot but think that the Members of that Church 
are the Surest Supports of the Constitution, and that they are 
the faithfullest Subjects of the Crown an Argument which may 
be particularly applied to America \\ here the Number of the 
Dissenters and the measures they pursue threaten more than our 
Religious libertys if not timely prevented, which is a Melancholy 
truth that my present Subject will not permit me to enlarge upon 
in more than one Instance. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In hanchvriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 389 

The want of proper funds, or some other Cause hath been 
productive hitherto of much Neglect in propagating the faith 
amg'. the Ind s . of which the French availed themselves to good 
purpose nor I believe can we equal the assiduity of their Clergy 
who sacrificed their Ease, Connections, and the Comforts of 
Life to reside in the most distant Villages, and Conform to the 
Way of Living of the Inhabitants without which in fact, little 
could be done. — M r . Wheelocks plan seems a laudable one but 
give me leave to remark that many of these Schemes which had 
their birth in N England have soon appeared calculated with 
a View to forming Settlements so obnoxious to the Ind 5 who 
have repeatedly declared their aversion to those who acted on 
such interested principles ; All the good Lands in N Eng d being 
thick Settled they are Extremely desirous of Migrating & have 
created much disturbance by attempting it, another objection 
is that those brought up under the Care of Dissenting Ministers 
become a Gloomy race & lose their Abilities for hunting &xa 
spend their time in Idleness & hang? upon The Inhabit s . for a 
Wretched subsistence hav§ lost those Qualities w ch rendr them 
usefull to us with' acquis any others in their place worthy the 
Name of Christ" 5 , to w ch indeed they have little or no preten- 
sions all w ch discountenances Religion with the rest of the Ind 5 . 
— I have Just heard from the Rev d . M r . Auchmuty of N York 
on the Subject of the Societys intentions And I am on that head 
of opinion that a Mission Established at the Lower Mohocks, 
with proper help w d . draw the Oneidas & others thither for 
Learning & if the House & farm there were purchased from the 
heirs of the Rev d . M r . Barclay dec d . who offered them for £500 
N Y Curr altho' the Ind 5 . insist it was given for a Missionary for 
the time being, I say if this was bot. an Abatem*. might well be 
made in the Sallarys of Such Missionary who would besides 
have it in his power to Secure the Members of the Church in 
their persuasion & augment its numbers, but constant residence 
& an Exemplary life must be expected from him to insure suc- 
cess, this Mission might indeed be established at the Upper 

390 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Mohacks or Conajoharee but w f . is still an Object of more 
importance is the conversion of the Senecas who exceed 1000 
Men, & their Neighbours are Yet much more Numerous to the 
Westward, who wo d . follow their Example to this End a Miss 11 , 
or School sho d . be Established under some good Divine at 
Oneida, or Onondaga to either of which the Senecas, &ca might 
conveniently come. This Divine to be assisted by a good Cate- 
chist and as there are some Mohock Ind s . who are in some meas- 
ure qualified to act as ushers their presence would encourage 
the rest to resort thither so that in a Short time some wo d . be 
Qualified to take Orders & return with abilities & natural interest 
to promote the faith amongst the rest, this is a rough Sketch on 
which I shall enlarge at some other time, and with a View 
farther to promote it I shall if his Majesty permits me use my 
Interest with the Indians to obtain a Grant of Lands at a reason- 
able price for the use of such an Establishment which will in 
time produce a Revenue Suffict. to defray the Expences of so 
pious an Undertaking. 

I cannot conclude without give, the Instance I promised rela- 
tive to the State of the Church — some Members of the Ch of 
England settled at the town of Schenectady purchased a Lott 
there & by Subscript", chiefly amongst themselves Erected a 
neat Stone Church & (As I am informed) Ask d for a Missy 
to whose sallary they wo d . contribute till they could bear the 
whole charge, in the mean time the Dissenters claimed a prin 1 . 
property therein because some of them had been promised the 
use of it when it did not interfere with the service of the Church 
of England, not content herewith they have done all in their 
power to obstruct the Work & draw off the Members threats 
to pull it down & some of them declare their hatred thereto. 
The Gov r . at my Instance has promised his protection but unless 
something is imediately done for these people the next genera- 
tion must become Dissenters & all our hopes of the increase of 
the Church will prove abortive, neither is that Town the only 
one where such practises are carried on. I thought it my duty 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 391 

to Lay this matter before the Society, as a Subject worthy their 
attention to whom I beg Leave to present my utmost respect and 
am with Great Esteem 


D R . Burton Secy to the Society 
for propagating the Gospel &ca 
INDORSED : October 8 ,h 1 766. — 

To Doctor D. Burton 
Secy to the Society for 
propagating the Gospel &ca 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 331—32, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: Sir William Johnson's account with David 
Vander Heyden — £301, 2s, the 8th; a letter of the 8th to Thomas 
Penn, inclosing a survey of the Conajoharee tract, mentioning his efforts 
to settle lands bought from the Dutch inhabitants, his disbursements 
and gratuitous services for the public interest and intrusting his case to 
Penn's influence, also mentioning the anxiety of the Indians for a boundary 
line, and his discouragement of projects for settlement at Wioming ; one 
of the 8th to the lords of trade, reporting on the state of trade at Michi- 
Hmacanac, machinations of French traders and the need of confining trade 
to certain posts; also condemning the claim made to land and exclusive 
trade at La Baye on the strength of a purchase from Rigaud de Vaudre- 
uille and showing the impossibility of obtaining justice for Indians before 
his authority is put on a firm basis (printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7:871—73) ; one of the 8th to Lord Adam Gordon, concerning his land 
grant, a tract of about 1 0,000 acres which Gordon can obtain in a 
recent grant near the German flatts, the satisfactory meeting with Pondiac, 
crimes committed by frontier inhabitants, and French intrigues for the 
control of trade; one of the 10th from Theophilus Chamberlain, Onowa- 
dagegh, to Rev. Mr. Brown, asking confirmation or denial of a report 
that Mr Brown lately christened at Johnson Hall several children who 
had been baptized by Presbyterian missionaries, declaring the necessity 
of presenting to the Indians an appearance of Christian unity, and saying 
that this report gives much uneasiness to the Rev. Mr Kirtland as well 
as himself (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:368-70; Q, 4:233-34); 

392 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sir William Johnson's receipt, the 1 0th, New York, to Major General 
Thomas Gage for £1289, 14s, 3d sterling in bills of exchange drawn 
in favor of Thomas Lawrence, Junr on his Majesty's treasury. 


Johnson hall Ocf. 10 th . 1766— 

Before the receipt of your last favor of the 27 th . ult°. I had 
the pleasure of a Letter from D r . Burton Signifying my havs. 
been appointed a Member of the Society in whose Names he 
desired my Sentiments on the Subject of forming a more Exten- 
sive plan for the benefit of the Indians, I accordingly gave my 
thoughts on that head with such other remarks as I thought 
necessary — concerning the Weak state of the Church of Eng- 
land particularly in these parts, and the opposition which all 
religious Establishments of that Communion have met with, and 
amongst others instanced the Case of Schenectady, which is 
really worthy their attention, & the Countenance of the Clergy 
and Members of the Church of England. 

Agreable to their plan I proposed a Missionary to reside con- 
stantly at the Lower Mohocks or Conajoharees where I think 
I could get the attendance of sev 1 . of the Oneidas & others, & 
if the House and Land now belonging to the heirs of M r . Bar- 
clay could be purchased agreable to M r . Barclays own proposal 
to me, such Missionarys might be Lessened so as to create a Sav- 
ing it being a good Farm, but as this plan is not so Extensive 
as I apprehend they propose, I have proposed a Mission to be 
established at Oneida, or Onondaga, by which means the Senecas 
who are upwards of 1 000 men would in time become Christians 
with may other Tribes over whom they have great influence, 
w ch would Likewise in the end Alienate their affections from 
the French who upon all occasions are very busy with them, — 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-/774 393 

I have likewise observed that as there are now some Oneida 
Lads and Mohocks who are qualified to attend as Ushers in 
the School, they would be of great service that way and in a 
little time be fit to receive Orders, and return to their people 
possessed of Abilities & natural Interest sufficient to effect the 
Laudable purpose which the Society have in View ; — This is 
the Sum of what I laid before the Society on which I shall 
enlarge by some other Opportunity, giving their design all the 
countenance and Assistance in my power and I have the pleasure 
to think that I have Interest enough to render it very agreable 
to the Indians, and to obtain a favorable reception for any of 
the Clergy who may be employed in so good a Work. — 

What I would farther propose would be with the Approba- 
tion of his Majesty to purchase at a small price a good Tract 
of Land from the Indians for the support of the undertaking 
the Revenue arising from which would in time defray the Whole 
Expence, That in the mean time a Clergyman of Exemplary 
Character be appointed at one of the places before mentioned 
Assisted by a proper Catechist, with Two of the most promis- 
ing Indian boys as Ushers, who would be a great encourage- 
ment to the rest, the Clergyman might then occasionally preach 
at one or another Indian Village, & on Sabbath days at the 
place of his Mission, and if assisted in the manner proposed he 
could undertake the care of a large Number of Indians, in a 
place convenient for them to attend, as it is far from being agre- 
able to them to send their Children at too great a distance, which 
must give a great Check to the undertaking. 

These are the heads of what occurs to me at this time on that 
Subject if there is any thing farther wanting I beg you may 
Command my Sentiments and Assistance thereon. 

I shall be glad to have your thoughts and opinion on the fore- 
going Subject as T 
5 5 J I am, 

The Revd M r . Auchmuty 

INDORSED : Letter to the Revr d . 

M r . Auchmuty — 

OcuV. 11 th . 1766 

394 Sir William Johnson Papers 


L. S. 1 

Whitehall Oct'. II th . 1766 

Sir Will m . Johnson 

(No. 1) 


His Majesty has thought fit to refer to the Lords of Trade 
& Plantations the case of the four Indians of the Wappiner & 
Stockbridge Tribes who arrived lately in England their Lord- 
ships after remarking on the Frauds which have usually attended 
the purchases made from the Indians & on the unnecessary 
severity discovered by the L l . Gov r . & Council of New York, 
in directing Prosecutions against the Guardian, Agents & Pro- 
tectors of these particular Indians have reported it as their 
Opinion, that there is foundation for further Examination into 
the state of the facts & Proceedings upon which their Complaint 
is grounded, & I have wrote by this Packet to Sir Henry Moore, 
by His Majesty's Commands, recommend?, to him, in the strong- 
est terms, that he will take into His most serious Consideration 
the case of these distressed People, & turn his thoughts to every 
possible measure that may tend to obtain for them in any Shape 
a just & Speedy Satisfaction. 

If you find cause to believe that these people have been in- 
juriously treated & deprived of their Lands by fraud & Circum- 
vention under pretence of undue & unreasonable Grants on pre- 
tended or inequitable purchases; You will doubtless take every 
measure that lies in your Power towards procuring them such a 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.225. p. 5, London, England. 
In the State Library is a duplicate of this letter, much injured by the fire. 

y ;■'■■ % vj'v '"' y /' 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 395 

Satisfaction as the Nature of the thing will admit of & afford 
them in General, the benefit of your Countenance and Protection 

I am &c 


P.S. You will perceive that I have marked this Letter with 
Number One. I shall continue to number all my Letters, & shall 
beg the favor of you to conform to the same Regulation, in which 
I see no possible Evil & think it will be attended with several 
Conveniences in ascertaining the Receipt of Letters. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 332, are entered these papers, which were 
destroyed by fire : a letter of October 1 1 th from John Duncan, Schenec- 
tady, about the Grenadiers, new militia regulations, and his intention to 
settle his difference with Mr Klock by accepting the arbitration of Isaac 
Vrooman, John Vansice and Mr Gansevoort; and (John Duncan's) mem- 
orandum of a plan for maintaining the strength of the Grenadiers by draft- 
ing from the battalion companies, the 1 1th. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 332—33, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: disbursements on account of Indians in 
Sir William Johnson's department from July to October, 1766 — £3120, 
lis, lOd, October 12th, Johnson Hall; account of pay due to Sir 
William Johnson and his subordinates, the 12th, Johnson Hall; a letter of 
the 1 3th from Alexander Colden, New York, informing that he has 
deputed Hendrick Fry and Christopher Yates to run the bounds of the 
tracts purchased from the Indians on the north and the south side of the 
Mohawk, inclosing bond to be executed and oath to be taken by these 
officers, asking that Fry continue Vrooman's line between the two Canada 
creeks, and sending an assurance to the Indians that no surveys will be 
made without his written orders; one of the 13th from Dr Richard 
Shuckburgh, Albany, announcing the marriage of his daughter to Lieuten- 
ant Stewart and mentioning the arrival of Captain Montresor, the appoint- 
ment of a Presbyterian minister as surrogate of the bishop's court and 
Mr Aylmer's intention to advise with Johnson on the location of his land 
grant; one of the 13th from Captain Normand MacLeod, Ontario, con- 
cerning Mr Crawford, an expected visit from the chief men of the 
Onondagas, the story of the old Conosedaga chief about the Skequanecks, 
Mr Newkerk's incivility and the habits of an Onondaga orator. 

396 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 1 

New York Oct'. 13* 1766 
Dear Sir, 

In Consideration of what you wrote to me, and in Compliance 
with the Importunity of Mess rs . Baynton and Wharton, I have 
paid them the Sum of £232 1 . . 9 . . 8 N : Y : Currency. 
You have told me that you should include Said Sum in your 
next Accounts with me, which you will please to do; and that 
have assured me, that they would forward immediately to you 
Regular acquittances of M r . Croghan's Draught. I have there- 
fore only taken a Temporary Receipt, and an obligation from 
them of Settling it with you. As Soon as you acquaint me that 
they have Settled it to your Satisfaction, I Shall transmit the 
Said Receipt to you properly cancelled. 

By a Letter of 5 th July from the Ilinois all was Quiet, but the 
Indians impatient for the Arrival of one of your Deputys to 
accomodate Some Matters. I hope M r . Croghan got there 
Soon after the Letter was wrote. I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most Obedient 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 . 

indorsed by JOHNSON: New York 13 th . 8 br . 1766 

Genr'. Gages Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 333, is entered an indenture, made July 
30, 1 766, in Dublin, binding Andrew Hanlon in service to James Doyle; 
assigned to William Thompson, September 26, 1766; assigned to Sir 
William Johnson, at Jonsons hall, October 14, 1766. Destroyed by 

] In the New York Public Library. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 397 


A. D. 5. 


[Montreal,] Oclober 15, 1766 


venir 1' Injustice [ 
server une Tranquilite [ 
Traiteurs & Sauvages, ja[ 
fait dans certains postes, [ 
ou on placerait des Comm[ 
faire Inspection en Traite et [ 
plaintes entre blancs & Sauvages, [ 
Reglements nayant pas tout a fait [ 
il falloit qu' ils se contentissent jusque [ 
Vous les ferez aussi Scavoir par le [ 
vous portez de ma part que le Roy [d' Angleterre] a envoy e 
un nouvau Gouverneur en Canada qui assure Touts les Nations 
Sauvages son Gouvernement de la Protection de 

sa [ | et l'Amitie & Assistance de sa part, [ 

qu'ils se comportent come des Amis & All[ies] fidelles devoint 
faire, et quand il voudrait [ ] parlez il seront averti; 

qu il n'ya point [ ] Nouvelles ici tout le Monde etoit 

tranquil [le] Au Reste vous vous informerez avec dilig[ence] 
des Nouvelles courant entre ceux Nations [ J 

apprendrez leur Sentiments et observerez [ 
Actions, en fin vous agirez en tout autre Respect selon | 
de vos Abilites pour le Bien du Service du Roi, a repondre la 
Conf [ repose en vous et come un Serviteur fidele de la 

Couronne Britan[nique] tout faire et me feriez Rapport Fait et 
donne sous ma Main le 15. Oct r . 1766 

Dan Claus 

charge des Aff". 

1 Several lines missing. 

398 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INDORSED: Instructions 
& Pass 
for S f . Jean Interp r . 
to the upper Nat s . 
1 7*. Oct'. 1 766 


You are to acquaint them [ 

of the King of England, [ 

Injustice in Trade and [ 

Tranquility between Traders 

that Trade should be carried on 

but at certain posts fixed for that [ 

where Officers were to be appointed 

inspect said Trade & redress any Comp[laints] between whites 

& Indians but these Regulations] not having been fully put in 

Force as yet they [ ] content themselves untill that 

may [ ] effected; 

You will likewise acquaint them by the 
I hereby send by you that the King of Eng[land] has sent 
a new Governour to This Province] who assures all the Indian 
Nations in [ Government of His Maj s . Protection 

a[nd] Friendship & Assistance as long as they 
themselves as faithfull Friends & Allies [ 

to do; that when he wanted to speak to them, they should be 
apprized of it That I had no News to sent them all being qu[iet] 
Lastly you will inform yourself | Diligence what News 

is stirring amongs 1 [ 

[ 1 

[ ] my hand this 15 th Oct r . 1766 

Dan Claus 

Depy to S r W m Johnson 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 399 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 333, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire : a letter of October 1 6th from Daniel Claus, Mon- 
treal, condoling on the death of Admiral Tyrell, asking payment of a 
bill in favor of Beach & Simpson, New York, in consideration of a loan 
made by Mr. Wade, and mentioning complaints of the merchants about 
trade restriction, Mr Grant's claim to La Bay, Major Rogers's liberality 
toward traders at Michilimakinac, and that of Governor Carleton in his 
province; and one of the 20th from Cornelius Duane, New York, beg- 
ging the favor of a letter to Lady Warren and others in behalf of 
his brother, an old officer of the navy, whose rank is below his deserts. 

A. L. S. 1 

New York, Oct*. 20* 1766 

Your Favor of the 4 th . Ins f : arrived a few Days ago, wherein 
you acquaint me of the steps you had been so good to take 
respecting the Indian Purchase. Sir Henry Moore is now man- 
aging that Business with his Council and I shall probably in a 
few Days have occasion to write to you more fully on this 

I am sorry there should be any Disputes between the Officers 
Commanding at the Posts and the Commissarys, as for the Man- 
agement of the Trade Smiths Interpreters &c a . The former will 
have nothing to do with them farther than to have such Reports 
as they ought to have as Commanding the Posts, and which is 
Necessary for their Commands. And I see no Occasion for 
any Dispute at all between them, of which Matters I shall write 
to the officers Commanding. 

The Traders at Fort-Pitt are making a great Rout about a 
Person belonging to Baynton and Wharton who is trading at 
the Shawnoe Town: which they alledge they sent by desire of 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

400 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r . Croghan, and by particular agreement he made about it 
with those Indians, to have a Trader amongst them. They 
wrote to me upon the subject some Time ago, but I returned no 
Answer, intending to ask you whether it was done with your 
Approbation or not? I don't however recollect whether I men- 
tioned it to you. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 : 
INDORSED: New York Octb r . 20 th . 1766 
Genr 1 . Gages Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 333—34, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of October 22d from Peter Hasen- 
clever, New York, expressing gratitude for the allowance of a share in 
the 200,000 acre purchase on the north side of the Mohawk, indicating 
its desired location, declaring a purpose to promote the settlement of the 
Mohawk country, asking introduction to members of the ministry, men- 
tioning an invalid deed obtained by George Klock from the Onida Indians, 
and commending Fred Weissenfels to regard; one of the 24th from 
Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, Schenectady, inquiring whether they shall 
pay a note drawn by Hugh Crawfford and transmitted by one Gordon 
at Ontario; one of the 25th from L. Perthuis, Montreal, expressing thanks 
for favor and mentioning the unprofitableness of his business ventures, 
particularly an investment in ginseng (In French) ; one of the 26th from 
Rob't Leake, New York, thanking Johnson for including him among 
the purchasers of land from the Oneidas; one of the 26th from Tho. 
Mcllworth, New York, mentioning the illness of his wife and his reduced 
circumstances and asking introductions to people in the south, and also 
Johnson's support that he may retain the clerkship of the borough of 
Schenectady, from which Harry Glen wishes to oust him; Sir William 
Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for pay of himself and officers, the 
30th, New York. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 401 

A. D. S. 

Ontario 31 Ocf. 1766 — 

£137.. 17.. 2 NykO 
Gent n . 

Six Days after Sight of this my first of Exchange, Second 
of Same Tenor and Date not Paid, Please Pay unto Edw d . 
Pollard, or order One Hundred & thirty seven Pound, Seven- 
teen Shilh & 2 d N Y : Curry. Vallue Rec d . of Him — and Place 
the same to Ace*, of Gent n . Y r . H le . Serv 1 . 

Nor d . Mac Leod Com'? 

To Messy. Duncan Phyn & Ellice for Indian Affairs 

Merch ,s . Schenectady — 
INDORSED: Draft Cap 1 . M c Leod 
3 1 ■» October 1 766 — 
EdvA Pollard 

A. L. S. 1 
c Lancaster, October 31 il . 1766 

I cannot express the very great Satisfaction I feel in hearing 
from M r . Clench who is just return'd from Johnson-Hall, that 
you still enjoy the Blessings of Health, full Spirits, & of a 
social & generous Soul — God grant you a long & lasting Con- 
tinuance of them! — I could not avoid adding this Prayer, tho' 
I am afraid it will induce you to suspect, that it savours Some- 
thing of the Priest — To obviate such a Suspicion, permit me 
to assure you, Sir, that I offer you not the unmeaning Compli- 
ment of a Canting Parson, but the sincere & hearty Wish of a 
warm Friend, who esteems & values you for that Goodness of 
Heart which crowns all your Honours, & has gain'd you more 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

402 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Influence, Credit & Affection than all the Distinction that have 
been so deservedly paid you 

You gave me Leave, Sir, to write to you; — And I esteem 
myself happy in this Indulgence. But since I had the Honour 
of writing you last, I was so unfortunate as to lose my second 
Son in the Smallpox; which, with the long & dangerous Illness 
of M rs . Barton, have for some Time, depriv'd me of the Pleasure 
of addressing a Letter to you, and of sending you the Jet D'eau 
& other Things which I formerly mention'd — However, no 
Distance, or Length of Time will ever be able to cancel the 
pleasing Idea I retain of Johnson-Hall, & of the kind reception 
I met with there — I know no Wish at present which I would 
prefer to that of being able to spend a Week or two with you, 
& to assist you in fixing up some little philosophical Aparatus, 
that might amuse you in your Hours of Leisure & Retirement. 
If M r . Croghan should visit you in the Spring, I shall endeavour 
to break thro' every Engagement to accompany him. 

The Jet D'eau &c. are pack'd up, & will be sent you before 
the Water-Communication is shut up. Some of the Settlers who 
set out from hence with a Design of setting down on your Lands, 
I understand, have sat down about Albany & Skeensburg. The 
Tradesmen who intend settling with you, are detain'd in finish- 
ing Work which they had begun before they took this Resolu- 
tion, & in collection some little Debts — From the Character 
which Smith, Clench, & some others have propagated of the 
Goodness of your Soil & the Easiness of your Terms, I am per- 
suaded, a great many will be induc'd to visit you. The daily 
Encrease of People here, & the Poverty of the Times must 
consequently drive great Numbers in Search of vacant & cheap 
Lands; And I am sure I know of none that can offer them so 
fair Advantages as yours — I have every Reason therefore to 
think that your Country will, in a little Time, become populous 
& rich, to encourage & promote which I shall be happy in con- 
tributing every Thing in my Power. 

I have lately receiv'd a Letter from the Society, of which 
the enclos'd is an Extract — The Instruction & Civilization of 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 403 

the Indians is become an important Object with them ; And they 
are determin'd to spare no Expence to accomplish this desirable 
End. But they want a proper Plan to begin upon & they know 
of no Person to whom they can apply for one with more pro- 
priety than to you. Before this reaches you, I suppose you will 
have receiv'd a Letter from the Convention of the Clergy who 
met lately in the Jerseys, & from D r . Smith or M r . Peters of 
Philadelphia, upon this Subject — The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury has this Matter much at Heart, & has wrote to some of 
the Clergy here to request your Advice & Assistance in the 
Affair — As this Scheme principally took its Rise from a Letter 
which I wrote to England soon after my Return from Johnson- 
Hall, I feel myself greatly concern'd in the Execution and Suc- 
cess of it — Will you therefore, Sir, allow me the Liberty to 
request, that you will, as soon as possible, favour me with your 
Sentiments thereon? — Would two Schools be enough to begin 
with? — Would you approve of one of those Schools to be set 
up at the Mohawk Castle; Or, to be incorporated with your 
intended Free School at Johnstown-Village, where the Master 
might be under your Eye, & subject to your Directions? — 
Could the other School be set up at Lancaster, or any other Place 
within the Inhabitants, perhaps on the Indian Manor of Cones- 
togoe? Or would it be more likely to succeed at Pittsburg, 
Detroit, the Illinois &c. ? — What Methods must be pursued 
with the Indians to convince them of the Advantages their Chil- 
dren might receive from such an Institution, and to prevail with 
them to send their Children to be instructed? — If the Scheme 
succeeds, would not an Application from the Society to the 
Crown for a Grant of Lands in some of the New Acquisitions 
for the future support of it, be proper? — You will pardon 
these Questions, which my Zeal for this Cause, & my little 
Knowledge of Indian Affairs, oblige me to make. 

I beg to offer my most affectionate Regards to honest Cap'. 
Johnson, whose social Heart 

"Crowns every Season with auspicious Mirth, 
And bids even all his Hours be good & joyful." 

404 Sir William Johnson Papers 

My Friend Byrns, I suppose, is still with you. If he has 
taken to him a Wife, I wish him Joy — if not, I would advise 
him to banish every Thought of one till he gets more Flesh. 
He has my best Wishes, & hearty Service 

I have the Honour to be, with the most sincere Affection and 

Your most obedient, obliged, And 
Very humble Servant 

Tho Barton 

P. S. If you should approve of an Indian School anywhere 
near you, I have a Person to recommend, who, I think, will dis- 
charge that Duty with Fidelity 

Sir William Johnson 

to john brown 
L. S. 1 

SjR/ Johnson Hall Octb'. 3h l . 1766. 

I have received your letter of the 28 th . Ult°. with the enclosures 
which sufficiently explain y e . Affair that occasioned the corre- 
spondence between You and L f . Roberts. It has been my desire 
& intention that the Commissary 8 , should be upon y e . best terms 
with the Commanding Officers, and I hope they will continue to 
be so, I am not ignorant of y e . difficultys under which both 
labour, the Commanding Officers having received Instructions for 
their conduct at the Posts, before the creating the Office of 
Commissaries from which they cannot recede without orders 
from the Commander in Cheif, and on the other hand y e . 
Comiss f y s are of no use unless they have the entire Management 
of Trade, & Indian Affairs where they reside, which is verry 
particularly expressed to be his Majestys Intentions in the letters 
to me & in the Plan, and I beleive would be verry agreable to 
you & the greatest part of the Army as it would ease them of 

1 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 81, London, 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 405 

infinite trouble & no small Expence as well as prevent them from 
being accountable for Indian Transactions. This was his Ma- 
jestys Intentions, & by letters I have now received from the Lords 
of Trade, I am directed to exert my powers therein, & assured 
that the same is again before his Majesty, and will be duly 
endorced in a Packquet or two, and that it would have been 
long ago Settled but for the other weighty matters in which 
they have been for some time engaged. By this plan the Com- 
missary was to have the sole direction of the Trading Town at 
the Post of his residence, and to have it erected where neces- 
sary, and to be assisted on all necessary occasions whenever he 
requested it of the Commds. Officer, He was likewise to be 
invested with a Judicial authority, to try causes to a certain 
amount, & many other powers were vested in him, tis true these 
points are not yet, tho I expect they will be confirmed by Parlia- 
ment, but his Majesty is advised of the Appointment of Com- 
missaries, and it is expected they will Exercise the necessary 
powers till such Confirmation, so that if there are any orders 
still Subsisting w h . may prevent it, they should be revoked, w h . 
can easily be done without Injury to the Officers, as it is intended 
that y e . sole managm 1 . of the Trade & Indian Affairs is to be 
in the Commissaries, for the protection of which, & the preserva- 
tion of the Police, the Garrisons are principally intended, and 
the Commissy*. being ordered to communicate everry thing ma- 
terial to y e . Commds. Officers, & being likewise answerable for 
any thing w ch happens within their Provinces, no ill consequences 
can ensue, but the Commds Officers will as I before observed be 
freed from much trouble & Expence, and should this Plan never 
be enforced by an Act of Parliament, yet his Majestys Orders, 
or that of the Comd r . in Cheif will fully determine y e . Com- 
missarys powers, with the Comd^. Officers, and such orders must 
be given, or the Whole Plan defeated, for as I have already 
mentioned the former Orders not contradicted, must bind the 
Comde. Officers, who cannot be blamed for asserting their 
Authority in a becoming manner without prejudice to the Service. 
I shall write by this opertunity to L r . Roberts on this Head, 

406 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and give him necessary directions for his conduct till farther 
Orders, and hope a good Harmony will subsist between you, 
to effect which, I thought appointing Officers would greatly 
contribute, and that they would be the most Impartial & dis- 
interested persons I could find According to my Sentiments of 
the Gentlemen of the Army. 

I wish you as agreable a Winter as y r . 
Situation can possibly admit off, & 
be assured that 
I am, Sir 

Your Sincere Freind 

& verry Humble Servant 
W Johnson 
Capt n . Brown 1 

INDORSED: Sir W m Johnson 
31 Oct' 1766 
rec d 19 March 1767 
Relative to Commissaries 
of Indian Affairs, of the 
necessity of their having the 
intire Management of that, 
and the Trade &c: 

A. L. S. 3 
Stratford in Connecticut Novemb r . /, 1766. 

Much Hon d . S r . 

I am extremely glad to be informed by his Grace of Canter- 
bury of your Concern for the Interest of Religion in America, 

1 Stationed at Niagara. 

- Clergyman and educator, first president of King's (Columbia) Col- 
lege, New York City, born in Guilford, Conn., October 14, 1696. died 
in Stratford, Conn., January 6, 1 772. 

3 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 407 

& that you desire to be a Member of the Society, & have 
earnestly recommended the Indians to their Care. His Grace 
is greatly desirious to set up Indian Schools, one or two, after 
the manner of M r . Wheelocks, who seems to have fallen upon 
the right Method of civilizing them, by teaching their Children 
Husbandry & manufactures together with Christianity & Read- 
ing, writing &c. — He desires our best Advice, in what place 
or places, & under what Masters & Regulations it will be proper 
to attempt this. 

This S r . is the Occasion of my giving you the Trouble of 
this Letter, which I humbly hope your Candor & Goodness will 
excuse, tho' I have not the Honour of being known to you: 
And I should be very glad, as you are the best judge in Indian 
Affairs, that you would give me, or his Grace more immediately, 
your best Opinion & Advice upon this Subject. He tells me 
M r . Barton of Lancaster hath conversed with you on this Affair. 
Perhaps that Gentleman & that place, would be very proper 
for the purpose. And I have thought that if one were to be 
fixed in N. York Government, New Rochel would be a very 
proper place ; & as they have lost their Missionary, I would hope 
a Gentleman might be found to succeed there, proper to take 
that Care. 

But as the Interest of Religion in general, as well as a right 
method of propagating it, extremely suffers in America, for want 
of a worthy Bishop or two, I was greatly rejoyced to be in- 
formed by M r . president Cooper of your Sense, S r . of this 
great, & even scandalous Defect in our American Affairs. I con- 
versed with the very worthy General Burton on this Subject 
just before his Departure, who promised his utmost Influence 
on the Importance of sending Bishops. And as I know that no 
man hath so much Influence with our Superiors as you, worthy 
S r . in what concerns America, I humbly beg your whole Interest 
with them for accomplishing for us so great a Blessing. If there 
was but One, perhaps Albany for the whole, would be the 
fittest Situation; but there needs at least three: i. e. besides one 

408 Sir William Johnson Papers 

at Albany, for Canada, N. York & N. England; Another at 
Virginia for the Southern provinces & one for y e Islands. 

As my Son, who is one of the Council here, is, within a few 
weeks going home Agent for this Colony, in it's Defence in a 
Law Suit of great Importance, before the King in Council, I 
should be vastly obliged to you for any Letter you should 
favour him with, to introduce him to any Gentleman of Weight, 
with whom you have a Correspondence. If you should think 
proper to do him & me this great Favour, please to direct it to 
the Care of the Rev. D r . Auchmuty or M r . Cooper. I am S r . 
with great Regard, 

Your most respectful, 

& obedient humble Servant 

Samuel Johnson 

To S R . William Johnson. 
INDORSED: Stratford in Connecticut 

Novb'. 1 st . 1766, rec d . 23 d . Ins*. 

Doctor Johnsons Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 334, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of November 2d from Tho's Bowden, 
New York, advising that he has taken up the bill drawn on him by 
Johnson in favor of Robert Adems for the purchase of Colonel Vaughan's 
land; a power of attorney to John Stenhouse, given by Francois Cazeau, 
for collecting all moneys due from Lieutenant Colonel John Broadstreet 
and other persons within the province of New York, witnessed by Wm. 
McCarty and Ja's Finlay. Followed by an invoice of sundries taken out 
of his Majesty's store at Oswego, August 27, 1763, by order of Broad- 
street, being the property of Francois Cazeau and Joseph Du Charme, 
with deposition of Cazeac before Isaac Todd, the 4th, Montreal; a letter 
of the 4th from William Darlington, New York, about a transaction with 
Mr Adams, displeasure which he fears he may have given to Sir William, 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 409 

and an account transmitted; an account of expenses incurred by Hugh 
Crawfford in a journey undertaken by him by order of George Croghan 
to bring Pondiack and other western Indians to meet Sir William Johnson 
at Fort Ontario, and in the return journey to Detroit — £262, 6s, 2d, 
dated the 4th; and Sir William Johnson in account with William Dar- 
lington — £585, 1 Is, the 4th, New York. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York November 4 th . 1766 

I was honoured with your very obliging favor of the tenth 
of last month, some time ago. I have waited for M r Adems's 
returning, to send my answer, which I have now the pleasure of 

The miserable situation of the Church of England in your 
parts, for want of proper Missionary's, and through the inveterate 
Malice of its industrious Enemies, is truely deplorable; and 
the inattention that has hitherto been paid to a religious estab- 
lishment among the poor Natives is really astonishing, whether 
we consider it in a political or religious View: But I flatter 
myself the time is come that due attention will be paid to what 
you have wrote on so important a Subject, and that your judicious 
plan will be adopted, & carried into Execution. The greatest 
difficulty will be, in procuring fit and capable persons to under- 
take it. Great Care must be taken in the choice of a mission- 
ary, or missionaries for unless they be men of very strict morals, 
and exemplary Conduct & Behavior, they will do more hurt, 
than good. — I have spoke to the Widdow Barclay concerning 
the House and Farm. She is very willing and desirous that they 
should be appropriated to the service you mention; and as the 
late D r Barclay laid out at least five hundred pounds upon it, 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

410 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and she has four Children to provide for, she hopes, that what 
he has expended will be returned. She is far from appearing 
mercinary in the Affair, & is intirely willing to leave it to you, 
to determine what she shall have for the House & Farm, should 
the Society, or the Government incline to purchase them. 

There is one objection to your plan that occurs to me, but 
whether it is of any weight, I must leave to your superior knowl- 
edge of Indians; it is, educating those Indian Lads that may be 
intended for the Ministry among their own Countrymen will 
they not by being brought up among them, imbibe too much of 
their Savage Disposition, & irregular way of Living? Will not 
their familarity with their Friends, and Acquaintance render 
them of less weight, than if they were educated at a distance 
from them? Some other Objections of this kind might be men- 
tioned, but these are the most material that occur to me now. 
Whether they are of any weight you Sir, are by far the best 

As you have mentioned the Church at Schenectady, I have 
now the pleasure to inform you, that I have received a Letter 
from the members of the Church there with a Petition inclosed 
for the Society, praying their assistance &c. which petition I have 
forwarded, and recommended their request strongly. There is 
one of their leaders now here, his name is Lyons. He attends 
upon S r Henry Moore, for a Charter for the Church, which 
he has promised them ; and intends to give the Church something 
handsome besides. 

You may assure yourself, that I shall use all my Influence 
with the Arch-bishop & the Society, in favor of the Indians, 
and hope er'e long to see them well supplied with Spiritual 
Fathers, which both Christianity, and sound policy absolutely 
require. I am very sensible that great attention will be paid 
to any thing you suggest upon the Subject: hope therefore that 
you will be so good frequently to communicate your Thoughts 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 411 

to the Societys Secretary : Or if it would save you any trouble 
to me; and I will immediately inform the Society of them. 
With sincere wishes for your Health and 
Happiness; I am, worthy Sir; with great 
esteem, and respect your 

Much Obliged & most Ob' hble serv 1 
Samuel Auchmuty 
Sir William Johnson Baronet — 
INDORSED: New York 4 th . Novb r . 1766 
The Revr d . M r . Auchmutys 
Letter — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 334, are entered George Croghan's 
account, dated November 5th, with Henery, Farrell & Abbott — £81, 12s, 
and a letter of the 7th from Ensign Chas. Morris, of the 1 7th regiment, 
at Ticonderoga, asking appointment to a post at Michilimaquinac, men- 
tioning his knowledge of French and acquaintance with the French and 
Indian inhabitants. Destroyed by fire. 

A. L. S. 

[London, November 7, 1766] 

[ ] 

Since my last letter [ 

] are come to hand. The first was brought | 
Johnson. You have been apprised of the 
I have had the pleasure of some of his company 
his other friends & acquaintance would permit & I assure | 
Satisfaction. I hope the last Session of parliament 
North Americans to their mother country, but at the Same time 
] from them obedience to the Laws of this Government, 
& they must not the Lenient method made use of 

by that administration was brought | the inducement 

412 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of their Violences, but was really the effect of Conviction 
] harsh acts past the two preceding Sessions were un- 
warrantable & oppressive] I have discharged your draughts 
for £2000 & £1000 to Cap'. Warren Johnson [ ] 

this made it necessary to Sell part of your Bank Annuities 
accordingly [ ] the 13 July last I sold £3000 Capital 

in the Consolidated Annuities as ] which netted 

£2625. — The Several payments made your Son S r J. Johnson 
] you will find Specified in your Account Currant, 
I must observe that their payment tho' I think they have been 
warranted by your order (except the fees [ ] paid for 

his Knighthood) have exceeded the Sum you limitted in your 
letter I have paid your several draughts to Cap*. Daniel Claus 
& Lieut Guy Johnson except one of £70 to the former, & one 
of £50 to the latter which have not appeared These Several 
payments have Caused a further reduction of your Bank annui- 
ties [ ] yesterday I sold out £2000 Capital as at foot, 
which produced you £ 1 767. 1 [ ] now I inclose you 
a State of your Account Currant by which I make a ballance 
[ ] to you of £076 .5.8 which please to Examine. 
You have now Standing in your name £3250 Capitall in the 
Consolidated bank Annuities. 

Your most obedient [Servant] 

W M Baker 

[3] 000 Consolidated Bank Annuities sold 13 July 1766 

[ ] Kirkbride at 8&/ 8 V Cent £2643 . 1 5 

[de]duct Brokerage paid ] / 8 V Cent. . . £3.15 
Commission Yi V Cent 15 18.15 


Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 413 

Nov. 6 Received for £2000. Consolidated Bank Annuities sold 
this day & Transferr'd to sundries 89 

VCent £1780 

•Deduct Brokerage paid ] /$ V Cent . £2.10 
Commission Vi Y ' Cent 10 12.10 



Johnson hall NoV. 8 th . 1766 

I did myself the pleasure of writing a Long Letter to you on 
the 8th ult°. in ans r . to your favor of May last Signifying my 
admission as a Member of the Society for propagating the Gospel 
&ca on which occasion I transmitted my thanks, I hope it will 
arrive Safe, and that it may prove the foundation of a Corre- 
spondence from which I promise myself much Satisfaction. 

My writing again so soon is from a Motive which will I hope 
be deemed laudable and which the length of my last would not 
admit of my mention?. 

I have a large Tract of Land wch I formerly bought cheap 
of the White Inhabitants who had purchased it of the Ind s . on 
this Land I have already settled about 1 30 Families, for the 
most part industrious Germans of the Lutheran and Calvinist 
persuasions who tho' in a promising way are as yet too poor to 
pay me Rent or reimburse me the Large Sums I have advanced 
them, neither could they bear the Charge of a German Minister 
who was sometime amg' them the Expence of which I was chiefly 
obliged to defray. Since wch I made choice of a good Situation 
within a small Mile of my House on a Public Road Where last 
Year I began to Erect several good Houses to form a Town 
Chiefly for Tradesmen &ca, of which 1 are already finished & 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

414 Sir William Johnson Papers 

inhabited & it being in the Midst of my other Settlements will 
Encrease very fast. I have also built a Very neat Stone Church 
which from its Vicinity to the Greatest part of the settlement will 
Serve the Town & Neighbourhood, and I only want a good 
Clergyman to render my plan compleat, as there are Several 
people here of the Church of England, and the Greatest part of 
the Germans together with the whole rising Generation would 
become of that Religion If a Clergyman was fixed here. — I 
flatter myself will be considered that the extraordinary Expence 
I have been at in pushing Settlements much beyond any other 
Landholders here, & the heavy Charge of Building together with 
the great Expence which my station Subjects me to must render 
it Extremely inconvenient for me to take upon me to bear the 
add 1 Charge of a Minister, at present I must therefore humbly 
request the Society thro', you Sir, to take the same in y Consid". 
& if Judged worthy their Attention that they would be pleased 
to appoint a Missionary with a Very small Sallary to which I 
would gladly contribute & furnish him with a House and good 
Glebe, so that he might live very comfortably — such appoint- 
ment would Ans r many of the intentions of the Society par- 
ticularly with regard to the Ind s of whom there are here for at 
Least Six Months in each Year from 500 to 1 000 & some Con- 
stantly reside at this place, who co d . not fail receive great im- 
provement to which my presence, Influence & Example wo d . 
much contribute, I am hopefull the Society will conceive my 
request as I intend it, that is to serve three great pruposes, the 
Ind s . the German Settlers and the English Protestants all of 
which I am persuaded could be Ans d . thereby. But should this 
not be approved of or fail thro' any Deficiency in the Societys 
funds, or from any other cause, I w d . rather take upon myself 
the Sallary than suffer so good a design to drop, & therefore if 
no provision can be made by the Society I w d . humbly request 
that they wo d . in consideration of my good intentions be pleased 
to direct my proposal to be communicated to some Worthy 
Clergyman whose Situation in Life may not be convenient at 
home — There are doubtless in England several such who are 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 415 

so unfortunate as to have a very Slender support & a family to 
provide for without a foot of property to one in that situat n . I 
would chuse to direct my proposals. I will take the Liberty to 
add that I would willingly have him a Man of parts & some 
Execution of a Middle Age, Zealous in the discharge of his duty 
and of an Exemplary Life as distant from Gloominess as from 
Levity the former can be agreable to very few & the latter will 
effectually Destroy a Clergymans influence in a Country where 
the people are accustomed to those of other denominations, whose 
Exterior deportment are always specious I have been the more 
particular in this description concerns his Ap & Deportm*. as they 
are necessary to be attended to here & if he has a Moderate 
family it is what I would chuse as he may have many opportuni- 
ties of fixing them happily sho d a Clergyman be soon found he 
might accompy my Son S r . John who is to deliver you this & will 
leave London next Spring, & for his Sally. I shall take upon me 
(in case the Socy do nothing in it) £30 St r . V A with a Glebe 
& other advantages worth as much as will make the whole ab'. 
£60 Ster. & as the perquisites will be Annually increase I have 
reason to think many w d . find their situat". mended by accepting 
of my Offer. I shall Esteem it a great favor if the Society will 
pleas to send such a person as their Wisd m . shall Judge best & 
I shall not farther apologize for the libty I have tak n . as I am 
convinc'd they will take a pleas re in prommots. Relig n . where it 
is so much wanted, relys. on y r good offices on the occas 11 I shall 
only add my request that you will favor me with an answer as 
Soon as you can. That you will offer my best respects to the 
Society, and believe me to be 

with much Esteem 

Sir &ca 
D R . Burton 

indorsed: Nov. 9 th 1766 — 

To D r Burton Secy to 

the Soc. for props the Gospel 

Concern^ a Clergyman for Johnstown 

416 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Novh r . 8 th . 1766 
Dear Sir 

I have had the pleasure of y r . kind letter of the 16 th . Ult°. 
wherein you apologize for your Silence, beleive me when I assure 
You I did not attribute it to any want of freindship, nor did it 
prevent me from writing, but realy I had nothing Material to 
say, altho I have been kept constantly employed ever since my 
return from Ontario. 

Sir Henry Moore was here some Days, He had it principally 
in view to make some purchases and hear complaints, and as he 
observed it was a good opertunity which might not again happen, 
the Oneidaes & ca . were here from whom he purchased Two large 
Tracts which they seemed well inclined to dispose of, but desired 
that they might not be applied to for any more to the Westward, 
and they & the Mohawks laid before him their Several Greievi- 
ances, particularly Kayadarusseras, all which he promised to use 
his utmost endeavours to redress, but You well know that is not 
an easy matter, & that they have been repeatedly promised the 
same thing, I acted as consistently as possible upon the occasion, 
and the Ind s . seemed desireous to go that far, and no farther. — 
the Governour made no proposals concerning Kayadarusseras 
but spoke warmly against it and proposed a prosecution in case 
y e . Legislature will do nothing in it. how it will end I dont know. 

I have lately had a letter from the Lords of Trade wherein 
they account for Indian Affairs not haveing been attended to for 
some time, but say that in a pacquet or two they expect to write 
me of its Settlement as the plan was again before his Majesty, 
and the Lords of Trade who patronized it being now at the 
Board, I am hopefull that it, and the other matters will go on 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. The draft 
was destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 4 1 7 

well, unless another Change should happen, which from the 
uncertain State of Affairs at Home would not much Surprise me, 
any more that it would to hear of disputes nearer hand, I beleive 
the Governour endeavours to avoid any Provincial altercation, 
but it is verry uncertain how long he can Continue to do so. 

I take it extremely kind of You in that You have expressed 
so much desire to correspond often with me, Be Assured my 
Dear Sir it will afford me a most sensible pleasure, & that it shall 
not be wanting on my part whenever I can give You the least 
news, or entertainment, and I shall be glad of all opertunitys I 
have of testifying my unalterable Esteem & the cordiality with 

I am 

Dear Sir 

Your most Sincere Freind 

& verry Humble Servant 

W Johnson 

The Honr ble . 

L T . Governour Colden 


L. S. 1 


London Nov. 8th, 1766. 
Dear Sir: 

I was on Friday at the Board of Trade, where the Lords 
desirous to finish your Affairs about the Land, but would not do 
it for want of the Draft of it. I saw your Son afterwards who 
has from you an extract of the Indian Deed, with a rough sketch 
of the land upon it, which I am afraid to venture upon, lest it 
should do you an injury; As I found the Lords ready to grant 

1 Original of this letter is in possession of Alexander Hill, Cincinnati, 

Vol. V — 14 

418 Sir William Johnson Papers 

any Quantity to one hundred thousand Acres, if your purchase 
was for so much, pray send it me as soon as possible, I as much 
wish to furnish it as you can to have it done, and I wrote to you 
in August to send a Copy of the bounds in order to the Grant. 

There never were so many changes in administration, on which 
account we should not wonder at Business being postponed, but 
everyone being sensible at your merit; and Mylord Shelburne 
told me with a great deal of pleasure, that he had appointed some 
Friend of yours Clerk of the Court at Albany. I cannot add 
more, than I am with a most sincere regard 

Dear Sir 

Your most faithful humble servant 

Geo. 1 Penn 
Sir William Johnson 

ADDRESSED: For On his Majesty's Service 

Sir William Johnson Bart. 
At Johnson Hall 
New York 


Contemporary Copy 2 

November 8th to December 1 1 th y 1766 
His Excellency also laid before the Board a Letter he had 
received from Col. Corneliue Low Jun. of the Militia dated the 
4 th . Instant, enclosing a Letter from Sir Will™. Johnson, dated 
at Johnson Hall the 8 ,h . of Sepf. last, directed to the Majistrates 
of Minisink as follows 

Johnson Hall 7K 8*. 1 766 

The Bearer hereof is Widow to the Indian who was murdered 
last Spring in your parts, & now goes with two of her Brothers 

1 This should be I ho. "Geo." is an error in copying. 

2 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.987. p. 291, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763- J 774 419 

in search of the Gun &c. which belonged to the deceeased and 
which I doubt not you will be good enough to procure for her, 
and if you were to make her a present of something handsome, 
it would remove from hers and her Friends remembrance any 
Malice or resentment, and appear well to that Nation he 
belonged to, namely the Oneidaes. This I recommend to you 
as the most necessary Step that can be taken to remove the ill 
impressions which that unhappy Affair has occasioned. 

I am Gentlemen your Wellwisher 

& Humble Serv 1 . 

W. Johnson/ 

M r . Lows Letter further acquaints His Excellency that Justice 
Rosecrans of the Minsinks had informed him that agreeable to 
S r . Williams recommendation they had collected Forty four 
Dollars which together with the Rifle Gun, they had given to 
the Squaw, who went away seemingly satisfied, but that on Mon- 
day Night the 24 th . ult°. three Indian Men (one of whom called 
himself a Mohawk Captain) came to Minisink & told Rosecrans 
& his Neighbours that since the White People trifled so with 
them they were determined to wait no longer for satisfaction, 
that there were Eighty Warriors not far from thence who had 
resolved to take revenge for the Indians Death, that several 
Families over the River had left their Habitations, and that the 
Inhabitants were in great Terror. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that as soon as he had 
been informed the Commission of Oyer & Terminer he had issued 
last Month for the Trial of Seymour the Person accused of the 
Murder of the Indian mentioned in S r William Johnson's Letter 
had not taken Effect by occasion of the Death of some & Sick- 
ness of several others named therein, he had issued another Com- 
mission of Oyer & Terminer for the same purposes & that M r . 
Justice Read would set off in 3 Days to hold the Court in the 

2 The original of this letter was sold at the W. S. Stryker sale at 
Henkel's, Philadelphia, Pa., a few years ago. 

420 Sir William Johnson Papers 

County of Sussex agreeable to Notice already sent to the proper 
Officers there. That he thought it would be prudent to have 
some Indians to attend the Tryal of said Seymore & if he should 
be Convicted to be present at his Execution that they might report 
the Justice of his Majestys Government among the Indians, and 
he desired the Advice of the Council on this Measure 

The Council are unanimously of Opinion that it would be a 
very prudent Measure, but that it is scarcely practicable to get 
any Indians from Brotherton to go up at this time to Sussex & 
that they have little or no Acquaintance with the back Indians, 
therefore their report might not be sufficiently Credited by them 
if they were sent among them That therefore on the whole they 
advise his Excellency to recommend it to Judge Read to procure 
if possible some Indians who reside nearest to the English on the 
Frontiers to attend the Trial, & if Seymore should be Convicted 
to be present at the Execution, as their Connections & Acquaint- 
ance may make their Report to the Oneidas, & particularly to 
the Relations of the Murdered Indian the more readily Credited, 
& thereby induce them to continue their Confidence in the British 

His Excellency communicated to the Board a Copy of the 
Letter he had wrote to Col. Low in answer to the foregoing, 
which being read is as follows Viz'. 

Burlington December 9 th . 1 766 
To Colonel Low jun. 

Immediately upon hearing from the Chief Justice that he had 
not been able to execute the Commission of Oyer and Terminer 
for Sussex (owing to the Death of some the Sickness and Non 
Attendance of others of the Justices) I issued a Special Commis- 
sion for the Trial of the supposed Murderer of the Indian and 
delivered it to M r . Read, who has appointed the 18 lh . Instant 
for holding the Court, as the Chief Justice declines going on that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 421 

This I am in hopes will prevent the ill Effects apprehended 
by the People of Mimsink from the resentment of the Indians 
as mentioned in your Letter of the 4 ,h . Instant. 

I have had it much at Heart to bring the Offender to Justice, 
As soon as I heard of the Murder I issued a proclamation offering 
a reward for the apprehending him, after he had been rescued 
from the County Gaol. 

It was, I beleive, the same People of Minisink who are now 
so dreadfully alarmed, that rescued, Secreted, and threatned 
Destruction to any should attempt to retake Seamour. The 
Officers of Justice in Sussex were thereby deterred from doing 
there duty on the Occasion, and the Fellow at length returned 
to his Dwelling and appeared as pubhckly about his Business 
as any other Farmer in the Neighbourhood. 

Being determined that no Man in this Province while I had 
the Honour to preside over it, should with Impunity hold the 
Laws of his Country in Defiance, I had recourse to the Sheriff 
of the Neighbouring County of Morris, who with a few active 
Men undertook the Service, and Seamour was again taken and 
Committed to the County Gaol. 

Upon the Representation of Derby the Sheriff of Sussex, that 
the Prisoner had so many Friends and Supporters, it would be 
difficult, if not impossible, to get a Jury who would venture to 
find him guilty, let the Evidence against him be ever so strong 
& clear. I applied to the Assembly to Pass a Law to Enable 
the Justices of the Supreme Court to try him in some other 
County, this the Assembly refused to comply with: and the 
Magistrates of the County, tho' they Knew it would be upwards 
of five Months before the Circuit Courts would be held there, 
yet they never applied till now for a Special Commission to try 
the Offender, notwithstanding they must have known that there 
was great reason to apprehend that the Indians would interpret 
such a delay into a denial of Justice. 

I have been the more particular in mentioning these Circum- 
stances that you might see that these people, let what will happen 

422 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to them from the Resentment of the Indians, have only them- 
selves to blame. 

Sir William Johnson has promised me in Answer to a Letter 
I wrote to him on this Affair, that he will use all his Interest to 
prevent their doing any Injury to this province, but nothing can 
so effectually answer this purpose as to bring the Murderer to 
Condign punishment 

I hope it will not appear that the Rifle has been delivered up 
to the Squaw that it may not be brought in Evidence against 

You may if you have an Opportunity before the Court Meets, 
send Justice Rosecrans a Copy of this Letter that he may know 
it is intended to bring him to a Speedy Trial, and give the Indians 
all the Satisfaction Justice will admit of 
I am with great Esteem 

Sir your Most Obedient Servant 

William Franklin 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 334—35, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of November 8th to Alexander 
Colden, about deputy surveyors, the status in England of Johnson's land 
grant, and Indian complaints, with the request that a map be made of 
the patents from Albany westward to Fort Bull ; one of the 1 Oth from 
Theophylact Bache and Sampson Simson, New York, inquiring as to 
payment of Captain Daniel Claus's bill for £50; one of the 10th from 
Thompson & Alexander, New York, asking payment for four pipes 
of "Maderia" wine; one of the 12th from Andrew Rentch, Philada., 
regarding a certificate from Major Henry Gladwin, for £102, 7s, 6d, to 
Abraham Jones, which was assigned to Peter Smith, and afterwards 
to Rentch, and has not been paid; Felix Sicard's receipt to George 
Croghan for 87 dollars for the board and lodging of Croghan and 
servants, the 1 3th, New Orleans ; a letter of the 1 5th to Alexander 
Colden, regarding a survey which will run from the southwest corner of 
Cosby's Manor; and Hendrick Frey's account, the 15th, Canajoharry, 
for completing the survey of the Canada Creek patent, receipted January 
29, 1768. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 423 

D. 1 

[Fort Chartres, Nov. 14, 1766] 


] 16 

] 846 

] 240 

] of 300 

] @ £2.13.4 V O. 133. 6.8 

] @ !4 40 

] @ 16/ 21.12 

] @ |4 100 

] @ £20 60 

] @ £20 40 

] @ 6 6 16. 5 


[ ] 

Thousand of [ ] Eight pe[ 

to the Best of his Knowledge [ ] 

Sworn before me the 

day & Year abov Written 

Jn°. Reed Col 

L*. C 34 Regim' 



[Lyme, November 15, 1766.] 

l '} 

] most gracious Soverign King George & his Majesty's 
most honorable Council 

1 Account of losses by the Indian war in 1 763 — Johnson Calendar. 
- Line or lines missing. 

424 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] the humble Petition of his Majesty's most loyal & 
dutiful Subjects [ ] Indians of Nahantick in ye Tow- 

ship of New London [ Connecticut in New England 

in North America. 

] whereas your Petitioners made Peace w lh . y e . 
Engl [ ] led at Black Point, tho' we had a Fort there & 

| & have to this day kept y e Hatch [et 
com]pany of our young men were cut off 
] they began, after some time, to encroach upon 
] turn their cattle into our Fie [Ids 


]mes's y e . 9 of Dec. 1765 in y e . 2 d . Year of y r . 
Majesty's Reign. And wh[ Papers we were willing 

to live peaceably with our Neighbors, & therefore 
Case to some men ] we tho*. w d . be honest; but we 

were not suffer'd to speak nor shew our Papers [ 
Person was permitted to plead against us; since when we have 
been worse [ their driving their Cattle upon our 

Land Spring & Fall by w ch . we lose y e . [ 

]s granted to our Forefathers, cannot improve our 
own Land, are debarr'd from ]tting Wood for our 

Fires, or Timber to build Houses w ,l \, whereby we are much 
[imjpoverish'd & reduc'd to great Hardships, as are y e . Gretton 
& Stonington Indians our neigbor§. Tri[bes] 

Y r . Petitioners therefore humbly pray y f . you will be gra- 
ciously pleas'd to order our pitiable Circumstances to be con- 
sider'd our Lands & Rights to be restor'd & such 

Jutice to be done to us, as meet to your Royal 

Breast, & y r . Pet rs . will, as in bounden Duty, Conscience & 
for every Pray. May God bless y r . IO. y r . Q & 
all y e . royal Family & Lords & Commons & Nobility & Clergy 
of England Amen! 

Thank M r Reverrend Graves' for ye inttrest 

1 The Rev. Matthew Graves, Episcopal minister and missionary in 
New London, Conn., probably prepared the formal petition which 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 425 

According as our desiar we dont [ | other privilidge then 

our fore father had hunting & fowlling & fishing. 

They had privilidge | | make commerce where they could 

find a tree broad [ J thicke Also the [ 

they n[ 

the wood [ ] Indians Land [ 

they Set us In [ ] fince in beCase [ 

they Cattle and | | wintter and [ 

now we Suffer [ ] of the whol[ 

which our fore f[ ] We are poor [ 

helpless but w [ 


Looked for witness and found one John beckwith John beck- 

with the oldest man they Could find Could de Clere Twas 

indianns Land becase he bought the hay of them and pad them 

in powder and meet. The old indians DeClere the Sam Then 

they went in the Law and Could do nothing So they Toot it our 

th Cort then Left So a Whale and after that they persuaded 

us to Seaned it men and we So Ignorant we Conform to ther 

advices hoping they would Lett us have the Land again with 

Learnd This Case too men but was not Suffered to Speak a 

word nor Show any of our papers but they had one plead before 

the two men and the two men brought in they should have 

half or h[ ] 

[ 1 

Land [ ] 

Sence frist Refermation See in Sum mursure the things we 
Stand in need of and we begin to have Creters but Strat way 
To pound they Drive our Cretors. beCase they Say we have no 
privilidge we Asked matthew Griswould th ESqr and we took 
his advice So we went in the Law but they Still went on pulling 
Down our houses 

[ lumber Ye 15:100 [ ] 

fathers made forts ]rks 

they fought | ] in another 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



english came and 


] indians in there [ 



] indians did not [ 



] in them Even D [ 



Indians — Sum 

] they wre frinds [ 


Jainst english 


Even [ 

Jans wre [ 

] english 
] that 


M< Raund [ 

]Sum [ 


| undertake 



the English ki [ 

] Complains To 
] Thinks be To [ ] 
] Libity To wor[ 


Thinks be To [ 

] none to ma[ke] [ 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 335, are entered a letter of November 
1 8th from Daniel Campbell, Schenectady, about his return journey from 
Detroit and a draft drawn by Mr Hay for £436, 1 2s, 9d, and one of 
the 19th from John Wetherhead, New York, asking to be employed as 
Johnson's business agent in New York to succeed Mr Darlington. 
Destroyed by fire. 


Johnson hall Nov. 20 th . 1766 

M r Adems delivered me your favor of this Month for which 
I thank you as well as for the Judicious remarks you made on 
my Plan, and the objection you made to a part in wch I agreed 
with you in sentiment at the time of my Writing, but as the 
plan was to be Extensive I couid not fall upon a Surer way to 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 427 

get a Number of Indian Lads from the reluctance they have to 
go at any great distance from their friends, the plan of M r . 
Wheelocks was calculated for preventing their imbibing the dis- 
position of their friends, by removing them into the heart of 
Connecticut, but this distance must always prove a great Check 
to their undertaking notwithstanding the Assiduity with which 
they have pursued it & they are now busy with their Teachers 
ams'. the Ind s . I apprehend a place may be found between 
Extreme distance from & Vicinity to the Indians, a few Mohocks 
& some Oneidas might be got to go almost any where but this 
does not seem to Answer the intentions of the Society, who as 
they have a more Extensive Object in View must put it in prac- 
tise nearer to the Upper Nations, a people Jealous even of any 
proposal to draw their Youth to any distance. The Lower 
Mohocks are Small in Number, ready to imbibe our manners & 
would be a religious orderly people if taken proper care of, so 
that I cannot think an Establishment there would long be at- 
tended with the inconveniences you mention & my Influence 
& advice as it is in my Neighbourhood wo d . I flatter myself 
be of some Service to the Cause, but I am aware of the propriety 
of y r Objection to its being at Onondaga &ca for altho' the latter 
place wo d . Answer best, for obtaining a Number Speedily, Yet 
the Conduct of the Ind s . about them must influence their Morals, 
and prevent their paying a due attendance on their Pastors I 
apprehend that a few Lads might be persuaded to go to N York 
any where to be for the Ministry, and I believe it would not 
be amiss to chuse 2 or 3, for that purpose but as this is only full- 
filling a Small part of the Societys intentions as I conceive them, 
a School sho d . be formed where the Greatest Number can be 
got as remote as it conveniently may be from their friends, with- 
out prejudice to the Cause, in which if Fort Hunter is not thought 
Elligible I don't know whether Schenectady might not Answer 
tolerably well, either place would be sufficiently remote from 
the Upper Nations who are the Principal Objects of Conversion. 
M rs . Barclays offer is I think very fair and was my determination 

428 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sufficient I should readily close with her Proposal, but I am 
at a loss to know how £500 will be raised unless the Society 
can advance it in which Case they might create a Saving in the 
Sallary to a Missionary on acct of the Farm. The Lower 
Mohock Settlement is very advantagiously situated and would 
under proper Managem'. answer more purposes than the Con- 
version of the Ind s . there is a Stone House for the residence of 
a Clergyman, and a Good Stone Church, & the Inhabit 5 , are 
greatly encreas?. In case no other method could be fallen upon, 
by the Society &ca to raise money for the Purchase I would 
ask your Opinion whether it might not be raised by Charity 
Sermons in York, Philadelphia &ca and by a Subscription to be 
set on foot for that purpose. 

My ardent desire to promote the Established Religion induces 
me to Suggest any thing which I think might Answer that End 
It is the policy of all Governments (to view it in no other Light) 
that their Subjects should be of that Religion, the backward 
State of which here, and the opposition and illnatured Offices it 
meets with from its inveterate Enemys, demands a Union 
amongst us to protect Encourage & Extend it which in these 
Encreasing parts would be soon Effected by the Constant resi- 
dence of Good Clergymen who besides their Attention to the 
Main purpose of their Mission, might perform Divine Service 
Occasionally to the Inhabitants. 

But if such Clergymen be at all Loose in their Conduct they 
would soon bring Religion into Greater Contempt & totally 
defeat the end of their Appointment. — I have begun near this 
place to form a little Town at my own Expence & have erected 
a neat Stone Church, but being in Want of a Minister I laid 
my design before the Society & requested that in case they cannot 
give me any Assistance that I will take upon myself a Sallary 
& bestow a house & Glebe on one they may recommend rather 
than disappoint myself of the opportunity there is for promoting 
true Religion & Virtue. 

I am persuaded you will use your Interest as I have done mine 
to obtain a Charter securing the rights of Schenectady Church. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 429 

I wrote on these heads some time ago to M r . Ogilvie but have not 
been favored with an Ans r . be Assured that I shall be at all 
times ready to Communicate my Sentiments or Assistance to the 
Society and Very Glad to Conferr or Correspond with you on 
these or any other Subjects, and that you will favor me with 
your thoughts on the foregoing rough Sketches and believe me 
to be 

With perfect Esteem, Sir, 
The Rev d D r . Auchmuty 

INDORSED: To D r Auchmuty 

Nov. 20th 1 766 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 335, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of November 20th to Lieutenant Colonel 
Massy on a letter received through Captain Claus, acquaintance with 
General Carleton, the visit of Sir William's son to London, interests 
which keep Sir William at home, and Mr Antle; and an extract from 
the minutes of the commissioners for running the division lines between 
Pennsylvania and Maryland, containing a provision that Sir William 
Johnson be requested to obtain the consent of the Indians to drawing a 
line west of the Allegany mountains, the 20th, Christiana Bridge; a 
letter of the 22d from Captain William Howard, New York, regarding 
goods seized, belonging to persons seeking to trade without passes; one 
of the 22d from John Glen Jun'r, Schonectady, concerning Jacobus 
Teller's commission as quartermaster; one of the 24th from Alexander 
Colden, New York, regarding a map which he will have made and 
a survey which he can not change unless the deed is changed; William 
Thompson's assignment to Sir William Johnson as security for money 
received, the 24th, Kings Borough; a letter of the 24th from Gw. Banyar, 
New York, regarding Mr Clarke's lots in Sachendage, and lands there 
belonging to Henry Holland; one of the 26th from Draper S'n Wood. 
Albany, on inclosed vouchers for provisions sent to Oswego for the 
congress with Pondiac; one of the 27th from James Phyn, Schenectady, 
with regard to articles to be forwarded by Mr Van Eps and a project 
for buying and settling a tract of 10,000 acres; Sir William Johnson's 
account with Duncan, Phyn & Ellice — £26, 17s, 9d, the 27th, 

430 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 2 
Kings College, New York 29 Nov r . 1766 

Good Sir, 

I should willingly embrace this opportunity of returning you 
thanks for y e Civilities You shewed me when at Johnson Hall 
the last Spring, had I no other Motive for accompanying the 
inclosed Address with a short Letter: But when the general 
future Interest of the Church, and the present and personal 
Interest of her Clergy, is concerned, I know you will think that 
I am only doing my Duty, in taking a farther Liberty. 

But first give me Leave to inform You of those Gentlemen 
who were present at our last annual Meeting — which was at 
Shrewsbury in Jersey. — and by whose Command the Inclosed 
waits upon you. 

They were 

The Rev d . D r . Chandler, president for the year 
The Rev d . M r . Peters The Rev d . M r . Cooke 

Charlton Sturgeon 

Browne Evans 

Neill Bennett 

Learning Seabury 

Jarvis Cutting 

McKean Avery. 

besides the two Subscribers to the Address D r . Auchmuty was 

gone to a like Meeting in Connecticut, and therefore could not 
attend ours. 

'Tis true, All that was given in Charge to us is executed: 
But yet, give me Leave to propose to your Consideration, an 

1 President of King's College, New York City, born in England in 
1735, died in Edinburgh May I, 1785. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 431 

Object that They forgot to mention from a Multiplicity of 
Business — The propriety of procuring a Tract of Land (free 
of Quit-Rent) for the Benefit of the Widows and Orphans of 
Clergymen of the National Church, and such other purposes as 
may be judged expedient for the general Interest of Religion. 

Governor Franklin sent to us while we were sitting, volun- 
terily to offer his Service towards the procuring of such a pro- 
vision; and we have mentioned the Subject to his Grace of 
Canterbury. But yet I am convinced (especially in matters of 
this Nature) that You are able to do us more essential Service, 
than any other persons we can possibly apply to: And if you 
think the Scheme is no ways improper, I can safely conclude 
that you will favour us with your kind Advice and Assistance: 
Which Advice I should likewise beg concerning the propriety 
of carrying into Execution a plan that hath long been formed, 
for sending two or more Indians to this College, to be educated 
for Episcopal Orders. 

I beg your Opinion of the above-mentioned Subjects in a pri- 
vate Capacity, and have the 

Honour to be with much 

Esteem and Regard, 

Most worthy Sir, 

Your very obed 1 . 

and much obliged 

Serv 1 . 
Myles Cooper. 

INDORSED: Kings College 29 th . 9 br . 

1766 — 

M r . President Cooper's 
Letter &ca — 
rec d . y. 23 d . 10 b r . 1766. 

432 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 1 

November 29, 1766 
To the hon ble . S R . W M . JOHNSON Bar 1 . 

We the Clergy of the Church of England, in Convention 
assembled, encouraged by the favourable Sentiments which we 
have often been informed, and have the strongest Reasons to 
believe, You entertain towards that Church whereof we have 
the Honour and Happiness to be Members and Ministers, beg 
Leave on this Occasion, to return You our Acknowledgments; 
And farther to entreat your Influence and protection in favour 
of a Society which, we apprehend, You cannot but perceive to 
be in a distressed Situation, thro' the greatest part of the Ameri- 
can Colonies. 

Christians of every other Denomination are allowed the full 
Use of their ecclesiastical Government; while the Church of 
England, which hath ever been looked upon as so closely con- 
nected with the State, that the Ruin of one must terminate in 
the Destruction of the other, is left to provide for itself in the 
most deplorable Circumstances. 

Nor do we conceive any probable Means whereby a Remedy 
may be provided, unless by the regular Establishment of such a 
Number of Bishops on the Continent, as may be sufficient to 
take Care of the Churchs's Interest, & provide for her Safety, — 
chiefly by ordaining so many inferior Pastors, as may spread 
the Light of the Gospel in its original purity, — as taught and 
expounded by the Church of England, — thro' numberless parts 
of this extensive Continent, where the Inhabitants are yet in 
Darkness and the Shadow of Death. 2 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

- See Report of Thomas Sherlock, Bishop of London, on the Church 
in the Colonies in February, 1759, Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y '., 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 433 

The Conversion of the Indians, we are well assured, is an 
object which You have much at Heart; we having received vari- 
ous Letters from persons of Distinction in England, informing 
us of your Application to them and others, that a Number of 
Indian Schools might be established, and Ministers sent amongst 
the savage Tribes, to effect so glorious a purpose. 

In This our Advice and Assistance have been requested ; and 
we being desirious to contribute all in our Power, towards the 
Completion of so benevolent a Design, beg the Favour of you 
to communicate "V our Sentiments on that Head ; and to oblige 
us with the Sight of such plan as you may have already con- 
certed, or judge to be most eligible: And we beg Leave to 
assure You, that no pains, on our part, shall be wanting, to for- 
ward and perfect so generous an Undertaking. 

Yet we cannot but with Sorrow observe That whilst the 
Church is in its present imperfect State, almost insurmountable 
Difficulties will arise, to obstruct the propagation of Christianity 
amongst the Indians, in so extensive a Manner as might be 

Whilst Men are obliged to go to England for Ordination, at 
an Expence which so very few are able to Support — after hav- 
ing laid out a Sufficiency upon their Eductation — the Number 
of regular Clergy must of Necessity be few, throughout even 
the best inhabited and most civilized, parts of the Continent: 
And therefore, we conceive, it cannot possibly be expected, that 
a sufficient Number should be prevailed upon to settle among 
the Savage Nations: 

Which Inconvenience would immediately be removed, — as 
well as many others under which the established Religion most 
shamefully labours, — by the Introduction of Bishops, and a 
regular Government. 

We do therefore (being thoroughly convinced of your great 
Influence on the National Counsels) most earnestly and ardently 
desire and entreat that you would make such Representations 
of our distressed Situation, and the Necessity of Bishops being 
speedily appointed to reside in America, to the Board of Trade, 

434 Sir William Johnson Papers 

or such others of the Ministry, whom Your good Judgment 
shall point out, as may be found effectual to the Completion of 
our most devout Wishes; Thereby rendering Your Name, 
amongst all the well-affected to the Constitution of the Nation, 
most beloved and most revered to the latest posterity. 
King's College In the name Myles Cooper. 

New York, and by the order of Charles Inglis. 

Nov r . 29, 1 766 the Convention 

INDORSED: Kings Colledge in New York 
Novb'. 29*. 1 766 — 

An Address from the Clergy 
of y e . Church of England in 
Convention Assembled — 
rec d . this the 23 d . 10b r . 1766 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 336, are listed the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of November 30th from Mark 
Feely, New York, to say that he is engaged as clerk and manager by 
John W. Smith, lawyer, and that he can send Johnson two blacksmiths, 
lately arrived from Armagh ; one of December 1 st from Robert Leake, 
New York, discussing difficulties which beset claims for lands introduced 
for himself and his deputies ; one of the 1 st from William Darlington, 
New York, inclosing copy of letter of November 4, describing a busi- 
ness difficulty in which he has been placed by the rumor that he has lost 
the favor of Sir William and asking a remittance for the amount due 


D. S. 
[Cumberland county, Dec. /, 1766] 

I ] 

Errors Excepted 

Edmond Moran 
[Cumberland County in the Province of Pennsylvania ss f . 
November 29 th 1 766 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 435 

Then Came Edmond Moran before me the Subscriber One 
of [His Majesty's justices of] the Peace for the County Affore- 
said, And made Oath On the Holy [Evangelists of Almighty 
God that] the Above Acco 1 . is Just and true As it stands, 
stated and [ ] he and Company Sustained the 

Above Mention'd loss of [ ] Pounds Seven Shillings 

And Six pence Pennsylvania [currency above Men- 

tioned, Occasion'd by the Indian War [in 1763 any 

one for them, to his Knowled[ge ] at Carlisle the day 

6V [ ] 

D/. 2 

Johnson hall Dec r . 2 d . 1766 — 

I had the pleasure of your friendly Letter of 31 st . Octob r . 
for which and for your kind good Wishes I heartily thank you 
without Suspecting any thing of the meer Priest in your Prayer 
the sincerity of which I can have no doubt of, and whilst I am 
convinced of your possessing that Social disposition and goodness 
of heart for which you are pleased to applaud your friend, It is 
not my power to conceive there is any of the Canting Parson in 
your Expressions. 

I am heartily Sorry for the melancholy occasion which de- 
prived me of hearing from you, It will be needless for me to 
recommend a Philosophical resignation to such a Loss, I hope 
your attention to M rs Barton has diverted it, and that she is now 
recovered. I cannot see that you had the Least occasion to 
acco 1 . for your not having sent Me the Articles you mention, 

1 This deposition before Andrew Colhoun was followed, as shown by 
the Johnson Calendar, by the certificate of Harm's Alricks showing Col- 
houn to be a justice. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

436 Sir William Johnson Papers 

having already so often experienced your readiness in sending 
me so many Matters of Amusement. 

I wish you would send yourself this Way, you could send 
nothing so acceptable, and indeed I shall take no apology for 
your refusal, when your conveniency may permit you. 

I am much obliged to you for the trouble you have taken 
about Settlers for my Land, the people about Albany Seduce 
many to go to Worse places, however the pains and Expence 
I have been at will always get me Tenants, my Stone Church 
is finished a pretty Snug Building and my Little Town increas- 
ing, Since my being admitted a Member I laid before the Society 
my Want of a Clergyman, and offered in case they did not think 
it Eligible for a Mission, to bear the Expence of one they should 
recomend I Likewise agreable to their desire signified to me by 
D r Burton gave my thoughts on their intended plan, on which 
Subject I have also heard from D rs . Auchmuty, and Johnson 
but have not received any Letter from the Convention of the 
Clergy, or from D r Smith &ca as you gave me reason to Expect 
— I am persuaded that no time sho d . be Lost in carrying it into 
Execution, or the Dissenters will render it needless hereafter 
but how to effect it best on an Extensive plan is a matter of some 
difficulty, unless the Society can carry it thro' with a proper fund. 
What I suggested was to Establish a School under some good 
Missionary with proper Catechists for the Six Nations, when 
they came readily into it, they wo d . Soon draw in the rest, & a 
larger provis". Might be made, and as at Fort Hunter was at a 
Conven 1 . distance & that there is a Good Stone Church there 
built for the Ind s . also a Good House & Farm which the Heir 
of M r . Barclay will sell for £500 Y. Curr for the service of 
a Residentiary Minister but as I think the Queries you pro- 
posed so Judicious that a Direct Answer to them will best Ex- 
press my own Sentiments I shall Answer them in their order, 
And first as to the Number, I think two Good Schools a Suffi- 
cient beginning, the One for the Six Nations, the other for the 
Indians of Ohio, &ca as to the place for the first I am of opinion 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 437 

the Mohawk Village wo d . Answer Very Well on many accots, 
the Second might be at any of the places you have proposed, tho' 
I imagine about Fort Pitt would Answer best for the Indians, 
the carrying the design to Detroit &ca would not perhaps be 
relished at first but would soon come in when they saw it met 
with approbation from the rest, Indeed A good Missionary there 
would be usefully planted, And as to the Methods to be pur- 
sued to persuade the Ind s . of the Advantages they wo d . derive 
from this plan I know none better than at the first public Meeting 
I have to notify it to them, recommend it strongly as a pious 
disinterested Scheme & Introduce the Missionarys to them. In 
w ch I am pretty certain of Success, and that I can & Will always 
afterwards promote it to the utmost of my Interest. And as to 
your Last Querie ab l . Lands, I have already wrote to the society 
that I shall take upon me with his Majestys permission to get a 
good Grant of Lands at a small Expence for its future Support, 
however if there is any Lands Vested in the Crown conveniently 
situated it will be still better & doubtless his Majesty will readily 
countenance such an Application, But above all care should be 
taken to have a Good Clergyman to Superintend each School & 
preach whether to Ind s . or others for We want even the Ap- 
pearance of Religion ams 1 . them. Common Catechists or School- 
masters are nothing, M r . Bennet, concerning whom the society 
enquire was often with me, he seems to be an honest, well mean- 
ing Man, but quite unequal to the Task, not knowing how to 
keep them in order, & so Timerous that he fled from the Small- 
pox and has not since been with them 1 ; and besides the Ind*. 
being used to see elsewhere Clergymen Officiating no Institution 
will Succeed with them unless a Gentleman in Orders is at the 
head of it, who besides the Service he will be of to them will be 
a means of preventing Numbers from becoming Dissenters meerly 

1 See letter of Samuel Johnson to Sir William Johnson, January I 6, 
1767, in the case of Mr Bennet, also Doc. Hist. N. Y '., 4:332-34; 
Q., 4:212-13 (note). 

438 Sir William Johnson Papers 

for want of hearing the Word of God from any Clergyman of 
the Ch: of England. 
The Rev d . M r . Barton 

INDORSED: To the Rev d . M r Barton 
of Lancaster 

Dec. 2< 1 766 


Johnson hall Dec r . 2 d . 1766. 

I have been favored with your kind Letter of last Month, and 
I am extremely Glad it has introduced a Correspondence with 
a Gentleman whose Character I so much Esteem. — I have lately 
rec d . a Letter from D r . Burton signifying my being admitted a 
Member of the Society who desired my sentiments on the plan 
you mention, which I have lately given them tho' not so fully 
as I intend occasioned by my hurry & the uncertainty I Labour'd 
under concerning the fund which the Society might appropriate 
for the carrying the same into execution. 

It gave me infinite pleasure to hear that the State of Religion 
and conversion of the Ind s . in America were become such ob- 
jects of concern Our former Neglects of wch besides its effects 
upon the Indians having occasioned the defect 11 , of sev 1 . Mem- 
bers of the Established Chh encreased the Dissenters & enabled 
them to take sev 1 . Steps for Establishing themselves and dis- 
countenancing the Chh of England of which I could produce 
some recent instances in these parts — and as they have now 
directed their attention to the Ind s . It is become more than ever 
our duty to endeav r . to Convert them & to render them Good & 
Usefull for it is the policy of every Wise State to support & 
Extend the Religion established by Law as the best Calculated 
for Answering the ends of Government & Society. — 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 439 

I shall always chearfully contribute my Assistance, Advice, 
and Interest, for promoting so laudable an undertaking, and with 
that View I first conversed with M r President Cooper, M r Bar- 
ton &ca & also wrote to the Society and to D r . Auchmuty Express 
my sentimt s . thereon M r . Wheelocks plan for a School at Leba- 
non w d . not have ans d . any Extensive purpose, as the distant and 
most numerous Nations are a Very Jealous Martial people un- 
like those of New England having an utter aversion to sending 
their Youth at any distance ams*. white people so that the very 
few who might be persuaded to Come down the Country would 
relapse into their original barbarity on their Return from the 
contagious Example of the rest. 

The very successfull Method practised by the Jesuits seems 
impracticable with us as I apprehend few English Clergymen 
could reconcile themselves to a Constant residence in an Indian 
Town, & a conformity to their Diet, &ca, neither would Agri- 
culture or Manufactures make any advances ams 1 a people that 
despise both besides it wo d . take them from Hunting in which 
they are more usefull to us So that the Nat n . wo d . soon feel its 
bad effects in the Loss of the furr trade as we have no idle hands 
to employ in hunting, even were our people equally Qualified 
for that Laborious and difficult Life. 

In my opinion without Leading them imediately from that pro- 
fession for which Nature & Situat". have best calculated them, 
We may teach them true Religion, and Establish the Social 
Virtues — in a short time, if Men of good Character are sent 
ams' them and I cannot help remarking from repeated observa- 
tion hereabouts that those who went farther have made their 
proselytes a Canting Sett, of Nominal Christians upon the 
Strength of wch they grow neglectfull of their former profession 
& without acquire a new one become a heavy charge to the Gov- 
ernment & Inhabitants, neither have the Assiduous Jesuits had 
much more Success the introduce, of Arts th° they have much 
better Methods for bringing them to bear. 

What I have proposed & think best is to Establish a large 
School for the Whole Six Nat*, under the care of an Able 

440 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Missionary, a Man of Zeal, & of Exemplary Morals, — hav« 
under him good Catechists, and as the Youth grows qualified to 
make the most promising Ushers & admit a few into the Ministry 
to be sent into the Indian Country, as persons best calculated for 
promots. the design thus fresh Numbers might be had to supply 
the places of those who had finished their Education & that 
another such School might be fixed ab*. the Ohio for the Ind s . 
in that Quarter. When the advantages of this plan were once 
felt throughout the 6 Nat*, the Establishment might be encreased, 
for then, & not till then wo d . the Numerous Western Nat s . relish 
it. For this first School I do not know a better place than the 
Lower Mohock Castle, at Fort Hunter. It is neither too near 
the Upper Tribes to be infected by bad Example, nor too distant 
to deterr them from sending their Youth, the Ind*. there are 
reduced to a small Number whose Example wo d . not prove 
hurtfull, as they have rec d . a Tincture of Religion, and Civility 
and only want a Good Residentary Clergyman to make them a 
Pious, honest people, there is Likewise a good Stone Church 
built for their use & the heirs of M r . Barclay will sell his Good 
house & farm there, for £500 Y Curr^ to encourage the design. — 
and I flatter myself that its being in my Neighborhood would not 
a little facilitate the plan from the interests I should Exert in its 
Support — I will not take up more of y r time now by Enlarging 
hereon & shall only add that I am so thoroughly persuaded of 
the importance of Bishops in America that you may rely on my 
Continuing to recommend it in strong terms Albany is most 
advantagiously situated for one to the Northward, & I sho d . 
think the United Voice of the Establish"^ Clergy here wo d . soon 
obtain it & that provis". might be made for one from Grants of 
Land & otherwise, for my part I offered the Society with his 
Majestys permiss" to get a Tract for a Small Consid". from the 
Ind*. as a future prov n . for the Schools, but all these articles sho d . 
be urged at home by the American Clergy with 1 , delay. — 
otherwise it will meet with much opposit". Nothing could give 
me more pleasure than to serve your Son of whose Merit I have 
heard, I now give him a Letter of introduct n . to my Son S r John 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 441 

who may be of service to him, having been much Noticed by 
those of the first Consequence & will take a particular pleasure 
in giving him introductions, at the same time I shall Not Omit 
writing to some other Friends. 

I shall be glad to have y r . Sentim' 5 . on the foregoing & to be 
favoured with your Correspondence at any time As I am with 

Much Truth & Esteem &ca 
The Rev d . D r . Sam l Johnson 

INDORSED: To D r Sam 1 Johnson, 

Stratford in Connecticut — 
Dec. 2< 1766 — 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 336—37, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of December 4th from John Brown 
and others, Schenectady, thanking for interest in their church and in- 
forming that their petition has met with a favorable reception from the 
council and that a charter will shortly be granted (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:371; Q, 4:234); one of the 5th from Duncan, Phyn & 
Ellice, Schenectady, informing that 1 4 skins have been sent to Mr Van 
Eps, to be forwarded by him; one of the 6th from Rich'd McNeall, 
Detroit, to Is. Todd, complaining that Commissary Hay, with the 
support of the commandant, favors French at the expense of English 
traders; one of the 7th from John Christie, Detroit, to say that the 
Indians are quiet, the garrison has been sickly, and eight persons have 
been drowned in Lake Erie; one of the 7th from Draper S'n Wood, 
Albany, making a return of provisions at Albany and Schenectady; one 
of the 8th from Thompson & Alexander, New York, asking payment by a 
sight draft on New York; one of the 8th from Gw. Banyar, New York, 
concerning H. Holland's Sachendage lands, employment for a lad, Sir 
Harry's variance with the Assembly over the local magistrates and their 
jurisdiction, and a land purchase north of the Kayaderosseras; one of the 
8th from Hugh Wallace, New York, about a vessel loading for Ireland, 
an investment in land, lowered exchange, prices of wheat (6's 6d a 
bushel), flaxseed and potash and Polish and Russian competition; one of 
the 8th from Captain Normand MacLeod, New York, regarding a 
servant bought by Mr Adams for Johnson, who has gone into the army, 
engraving which is in charge, and forms for reports to be made from the 
different posts; and one of the 8th from William Darlington, New York, 
about silver articles for Indians and an account transmitted earlier. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



Contemporary Copy 1 

List of the Officers of the Northern Department of 
William Johnson Bar 1 , with their respective Salarys, 
for the better management of Indian Affairs &c. — 

Sir William Johnson Bar'., sole Agent & Super- 
George Croghan Esq r . Deputy Agent for the 
Daniel Claus Esq r . d°. .... for 

Guy Johnson Esq r . d°. ... .for 

Commissarys ap- 
pointed in Conse-^ 
quence of the Plan 


at Detroit . 


at Niagara 


at Fort Pitt 


at Ontario 

Tho s . M c Kee Assistant for the Ohio & Susque- 
Edw s . Cole, Commissary at the Ilinois . . . 

John Hay 
Bejamin Roberts 
Alex r . M c .Kee 
Norman M c Leod 

One at Ilinois 

Two at Detroit at 

One at Niagara 

Two at Fort Pitt 1 at 

Interpreters -{ One at Ontario 

One at Michillimackinac 

Two in Canada, one for the Ottawa 

Nations, at £50.. Sterling each 

Two with the superintendant at £58.. 6.. 8 Ster 

One at Ilinois 

One at Michilimackinac their Salarys as 

One at Detroit 

One at Niagara 

One at Ontario 

One at Fort Pitt 

Two with their Assistants for the two 

at £ 1 00.. each 

Storekeeper £23.. 6.. 8 & Storehouse rent 



In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.84. p. 593, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 


Indian Affairs under the Superintendancy of Sir 
and also those Appointments intended by the Plan 

^ Ann Sterling 

-intendent &c 600 

Ohio & Westward 200 

Canada &c 200 

the middle district immediately under the 

Superintendent 200 

-hanna &c 60 






£80.. Ster each 

£80.. Ster & 1 at £50. 

language, the other for the 6 Canada 
each, for the present 

yet unsettled 

Mohawk Villages, Oneidas Tuscaroras &c 




£29.. 3.. 4. 






Sir William Johnson Papers 





Interpreters . 



Besides the foregoing there are several 
by the Plan, which are indispensably 

One at La Baye 

One at Chicoutami on the Saquenay River. . . . 

One at Michillimackinac 

One at Fort Halifax, Kenebec River 

One at Fort Frederick, S { . Johns River 

One proposed at Montreal or Carillon 

One at La Baye 

One at Chicoutami 

One at Fort Halifax 

One at Fort Frederick 

One at La Baye 

One at Chicoutami 

One at Montreal, or Carillon 

One at Fort Halifax 

». One at Fort Frederick 

Secretary for Indian Affairs (now vacant) 

of Albany being separated from it 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



Commissarys Interpreters & Smiths intended 
necessary, & not yet appointed, Viz 1 . 

the Office of Clerk of the City & County 
should be at least 
















446 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sir William Johnson likewise in his Answer to the Lords of 
Trade in consequence of the present Extent of Our Indian 
Alliance & the extraordinary Expences incurred by him & his 
three Deputys both at home & abroad, for which no regular 
Acco 1 : can be made, requested that their Lordships would be 
pleased to procure an Augmentation of His Salary, & an Addi- 
tion of £ 1 00 Sterling per Annum to each of his three Deputys. 

INDORSED : List of the Officers of the Northern 
Departm'. of Indian Affairs under 
the Superintending of Sir William 
Johnson Bar*, with their respective 
Salarys, & also those Appointments 
intended by the Plan, for the better 
Management of Indian Affairs 


In Lord Barrington's, of the 9 th . 
Dec'. 1766. 


Df. 1 

Johnson hall Dec r . 10 ih 1766 — 

I had the pleasure of writing to you on the 20 th . ult°. which 
I hope you have received, and now use the freedom to inclose 
you my Answers to D r Johnson and M r . Barton on the Subject 
of Indian Schools which I beg the favor of you to forward. 
D r . Johnson desired I might inclose to you, and Indeed I judged 
it best to do so with both to abate the impertinent curiosity of 
some persons on Seeing so many Letters to Gentlemen of the 
Church they so much dislike and are Jealous of 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 447 

I have expressed my thoughts to these Gentlemen in Much the 
same Words I did to yourself, only in addition to M r . Bartons 
I agreed in opinion that another School might be Established 
about the Ohio for the Indians in that Quarter. Thus one Estab- 
lishment for the 6 Nations and another for the Ohio Indians 
would be a complete beginning which might Soon be Extended 
to the Western Indians. I am persuaded that this and many 
other important points on the head of Religion might be effected 
at home thro' the united efforts of the Established Clergy in 
America provided Expedition be used. 

I have only at this time to Express my desire of hearing from 
you to know Whether this arrives Safe and to assure you that 
I am, 

with perfect Esteem, Sir, 

INDORSED: To D r . Auchmuty 
Dec'. 1 0* 1 766 — 

With Letters for D r Johnson 
and the Rev d . M r . Barton 


L. S. 1 

Whitehall Dec: //ft j 766 
(N°. 2) 

Sir W m Johnson 

I have the pleasure to acquaint you that the King, who 
approves of your Conduct in every respect, has been graciously 
pleased to appoint M r . Shuckburgh to the Office you desired for 
him, immediately upon your Recommendation, 

It is at present under the Deliberation of His Majesty's Min- 
isters to regulate Indian Affairs upon the most solid & lasting 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.225. p. 7, London, England. 

448 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Footing, so as to answer the valuable purposes of Commerce & 
Peace. The Importance of the Subject demands, that it should 
be extremely well weighed & digested before adopted, and till 
this can be effected it is hoped that the Prudence of the Com- 
mander in chief & the Superintendants will supply the want of 
fixed Regulations, and obviate every temporary Inconvenience. 

The Plan which you refer to, for the better Management of 
Indian Affairs requires nice Examination, being of a very dubious 
Nature in many of it's most essential Points 

M r Stuart, Superintendant for the Southern District, having 
requested that Instructions might be given to the different Gov- 
ernors to correspond with the Superintendants, I have had the 
King's Commands to acquaint him that it will answer sufficiently 
that the regular & fixed Correspondence of the Superintendants 
be with the Commander in chief of His Majesty's Forces. The 
System of Indian Affairs as managed by Superintendants must 
ultimately be under his Direction; the different Governors can 
scarcely be supposed to co-incide in Opinion, nor is it possible 
for so many to act in Concert. It is therefore Necessary that the 
Superintendants should take the Orders of the Commander in 
Chief on all material Occasions, who being settled in the Center 
of the Colonies will carry on the Correspondence of the Gov- 
ernors on all such interesting Points as shall be communicated 
to him ; and as he will be very particularly instructed by Admin- 
istration he must be looked upon as a proper Medium of material 
intelligence either to or from England or the Colonies; at the 
same time the Superintendants are to convey every sort of 
material Intelligence, directly here, and to correspond as Occa- 
sion may require with the Governors of the different Provinces 
in their District, and His Majesty being highly satisfied with 
Major General Gage, as well as entirely so with the Integrity 
& Ability of your Conduct, promises to himself very happy 
Effects from the Harmony which undoubtedly will subsist 
between him & you, and he has a firm Reliance on your com- 
bined Efforts being so properly exerted as to do great Service to 
your Country, and great Honour to yourselves. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 449 

I am very glad to find that the Boundary has been run in the 
Southern District behind the Province of South Carolina, to the 
Satisfaction of the Cherokees, and I hope the same will be com- 
pleated behind North Carolina & Virginia. 

Much greater Inconveniences have arisen from the Misbe- 
haviour of Indian Traders in the Southern than in the Northern 
District; but when once the Irregularities of these Men can be 
restrained for the future, & some of the most culpable among 
them punished, it will not be so difficult a Task as is generally 
imagined to conciliate entirely the Minds of the Indians, — as 
soon as they find that their Boundaries are not encroached upon; 
that they are not cheated in their Dealings, that Frauds when 
committed are punished, that strict Justice is done to them upon 
all Occasions, and that we really mean to cherish & protect them, 
they will naturally be led to look up to Us as their Guardians & 
Defenders, and we shall become not only the Arbiters of their 
Differences, but the only Refuge they will think of seeking in 
their Distress. 

This is a System as much superior in sound Policy, as it is in 
Humanity, to that of spiriting up one Tribe to cut the Throats 
of another, and therefore the Request of the Cherokees for our 
Mediation towards a peace with the Northern Indians is not only 
reasonable, but affords a happy Opportunity for the Commence- 
ment of this System which cannot be too soon adopted. 

I cannot conclude this Letter without congratulating You upon 
the late peace made with the Indians & the good temper in which 
you sent them away from the last Congress with Pondiac. The 
principles of your Conduct had a great Share in procuring these 
Advantages, as I am persuaded they will have in insuring, the 
Continuance of them. 

I am, &c 


P.S. In your future Dispatches I would recommend to you to 
give every separate Subject a separate Letter. 
Vol. V_15 

450 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 337, are two letters which were destroyed 
by fire: one of December 11th to (John) Wetherhead, in response to 
his offer to manage Sir William's New York business; and one of the 
( 1 2th) from John Wetherhead, New York, about a letter which he 
forwards at the request of Mr Cooper. 

A. L. S. 

[December 12, 1766] 
[Wor]shipful Brother 
I am Order'd by the Master Warden [ 
Union Lodge of Albany to signifie to you [ 
[a]nd the Other Brethren at Johnson Hall | ijntention of 

Celebrating the ensuing Feast of St John in Public, and of the 
Great Honor they would esteem it, if Your Honor and the rest 
of the Bretheren would favor them with Your and their Com- 
pany at the Celebrasion of [th]at Festival 
I am Worshipful Brother 

Your most affectionate Br[ 

W M . Benson Secretary 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 337, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of December 15th from Robert 
Leake, New York, advising that provisions be obtained from Fort 
Stanwix and Schenectady ; one of the 1 6th to Lieutenant Governor 
Fauquiere, saying that he will endeavor to obtain the release of a 
Cherokee held by the Senecas, but the task is one of difficulty; and one 
of the 1 6th to the Earl of Shelburne, principal secretary of state, on 
opposition to his authority, the difficulty of righting Indian wrongs, the 
grant made to him in 1 760 by an Indian nation, the devices of French- 
men to defeat trade regulations and recover influence with the Indians, 
the loyalty of Pondiac to his engagements, the immigration of 1 60 
Tuscororas from North Carolina and frontier outrages against the Indians, 
(printed in Doc. rel. to Col Hist. N. Y. 7:880-83). 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 451 

L. S. 1 

Quebec 20"'. Dec. 1766 

The September Mails brought Dispatches from His Majesty's 
Secretary of State, importing that Advices had been received 
from the Superintendants of Indian Affairs upon this Continent, 
of fresh Violences and Outrages having been committed upon 
the Savages in different Parts of America, among whom great 
Discontents were breaking out, which it was to be apprehended, 
might — perhaps end in an Indian War. 

And tho' since my Arrival here not the least Complaint has 
been made to me, neither have I had the least Intimation, either 
Public or Private, of any such Violence having been committed 
in or upon the Confines of this Province, as the Matter is of a 
most serious Nature, I immediatly Communicated the same to 
His Majesty's Council, by whose advice or Proclamation is 
actually framing to enforce due Obedience to the King's Royal 
Will and Pleasure signified in His Proclamation of 7 th . Oct. 
1 763, to prevent as much as possible all future Cause of Com- 
plaint or Discontent among the Nations residing within or near 
us, and offering Rewards to those who will discover the Authors 
or Abettors of such undue Practices, so contrary to Good Faith, 
and the Rules of Equity and Justice, as well as to all Maxims 
of sound Policy. 

I have seen a Paragraph of your Letter to the Commander in 
Chief dated the 13 th . of October last, of which he was pleased 
to transmit a Copy, and can assure you, the Traders here are 
required to take Papers and give Bond agreable to His Majesty's 
Proclamation aforementioned, but should any of them attempt 
to go without such Pass or Bond, or commit any Irregularity 

' In Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Md. 

452 Sir William Johnson Papers 

contrary to the established Regulations, upon the least Notice, 
every legal Step shall be taken to bring the Authors of these 
irregular Proceedings to Public Justice. 

And as from your situation, Knowledge of and Correspond- 
ence with the Indians, you may have much earlier Information 
of these Matters than myself, I beg you will please to give me 
immediate Notice thereof, with your Sentiment thereupon; and 
you may be assured that I shall in this, and every other possible 
Circumstance, at all Times very willingly and very readily, as 
indeed it is my Duty, Cooperate with you in preserving that 
Amity and Friendship with, and among all the Indian Nations, 
so necessary to the Welfare and Prosperity of all His Majesty's 
Colonies and Provinces upon this Extensive Continent — 
I am Sir with great regard 

Most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

Guy Carleton 

The Hon b,e . Sir William Johnson Ba r . " 
Superintendant of Indian Affairs, > 

Nothern District — 


INDORSED : Gov. Carltons Letter to Sir W m . Johnson 

given to Robert Gilmor in 1831 by the Rev d . 
W. B. Sprague of Albany. 


In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:830-31 ; Q, 2:483, is a letter of the 24th 
from Isaac Woman, Jno. Glenn Jum\ and John Duncan, authorizing 
Johnson to purchase for them 1 00,000 acres of Indian lands. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 453 

D/. 1 

[Johnson Hall] Dec r 26 th 1766 


supplant you in the [ 

M r Glen appl[ 
that Quarter from which I [ 
No more of till the rec'. of your 
that my Good offices shall be chearfully [ 
of yourself and Associates, and with that [View 
Mohocks long since, but they are now and have 
few Weeks out on their Hunt, so that there is not [ 
Left in their Village to attend a Meeting of Onondagas [ 
here. I shall on their return lay the case again before | 
and recommend it to them in the manner you desire, 
the same time I apprehend that Schermerhorn who [is a 
Man will make use of every private Art to obtain his | 
Ends, and probably without my knowledge, it being Customary 
of Late for people unauthorized to assemble [the] Indians on 
many affairs contrary to his Majestys Expr[essed] Intentions, 
but it seems the Law will not admit of [any ] for it, for in any 
trial by Jury I am certain they would [be] Acquitted. 

I should imagine the Governor in whose power I think it lies 
might find a remedy, and I hope he and the Council will take 
your case into consideration at all Events be assured of my 
friendship and good Offic[es in] Your behalf, as it would give 
me a pleasure to serve you [ anything consistently, but 

you will know my situation 

[ ! ] 

] the Claims of Kayaderosseras 
[ ] fate of that patent I can't foresee, for 

an Accomodation. 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Several lines missing. 

454 Sir William Johnson Papers 

By a Letter I have lately received from Lord Shelburne Secy 
of State wherein his Majesty has been graciously pleased to 
signify his entire Approbation of my Conduct I am imformed 
that the Gov rs . & General have received Orders respecting the 
Conduct of the frontier Inhabitants & others towards the Ind s . 
& Concerning Encroachm[ents] & Other Affairs of the Depart- 
ment are under Consideration, in Consequence of this the Gov r . 
of Pensilvania has issued a proclamation and sent Copys to the 
Ind s . for their Satisfaction one of wch they have bro f . to me I 
have not as yet heard of any Steps of that Nature in the other 
Governments ; — 

I am always Sincerely disposed to Serve you as I am with 
perfect Esteem 

D r . Sir 
& ca 
J. T. Kempe Esq r . 
INDORSED: Dec r . 26th 1766 

To M r . Atty Gen 1 . Kempe 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 337, is listed this paper, which was 
destroyed by fire: a letter of December 26th to (John) Wetherhead, 
promising assistance to defeat the schemes of Schermerhorn and to 
forward Wetherhead's interest with the Mohawks. 


Johnson hall Dec'. 27 th . 1766 
Dear Sir/ 

I have had the pleasure of yours of 29 th November and I 
now inclose you this under Cover to M r . Wetherhead together 
with my Answer to the address with which the Convention have 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 455 

honored me, to which Answer I beg to referr you for any far- 
ther thoughts on that head, wherein you will find that I have 
already of myself proposed to be at the pains of obtaining a 
Tract of Land from the Indians, with his Majestys permission, 
if a Small present be given to them, and this I have had in View 
for some time. 

As to Sending some Youth to be educated at the Colledge I 
greatly approve of it, but I presume it will be best to send them 
from one of the projected Schools, where two or three Youths 
of the best parts & Abilities might be chosen at certain times 
from amongst the rest, for the Ministry. If the plan for regular 
Missions or Schools take place this will follow of Course at 
the same I believe I might procure one or two next Summer but 
think it would be much better after such Establishments are 

What I had proposed concern? Lands was chiefly with a View 
to a future provision for y e . Church & Schools but I think the 
design may well be extended to the Laudable purpose of mak- 
ing a Provis". for Widows and Orphans, and that each Province 
might contribute to this by a Grant of Crown Lands over and 
besides my proposal which if his Majesty approves of he will 
doubtless order a Grant Gratis and free of any other Quit rent 
than an Acknowledgment. 

I may not from my present hurry have expressed myself Suffi- 
ciently on this Subject if so Let me know, as I shall always be 
glad of the Correspondence of a Gent whom I so much Esteem 
and as this is a Subject in which the State of the Church is deeply 
interested, and which if not attended to Soon, may meet with 
too much Opposition to be carried into Execution hereafter I 
think it my duty to give it all the assistance in my power, which 
I beg you may be assured of, as well as that 

I am 
with great Regard 

The Rev d . Preside Cooper. 

456 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INDORSED: Dec r . 27 th . 1 766 

To M r Presid*. Cooper with 

an Answer to the Address of the 

Clergy assembled in Convention. 


A. L. S. 

[New York, December 27, 1766] 


[ ] me of the 29 Nov [ 

ago [ ] his time I hope You [ 

Current in answer to your favour of [ 

to Martin G. Venberger of Cats Kill [ 

with one M r Lynet of Albany to whom he [ 

for Conveyance, Said Lynet (he told me) was going [ 

In that Letter I have observed Almost every [ 
now write in answer to your Exceb s . last favour [ 
Ackerscns Conduct — what orders he had cons [ 
a payment to David &c that we Should be glad your j 

wold apoint us an agent — that Certain men whose 

] where therein mentioned were to be our Associates, if 

Aproved that the Quantity Required was 1 5 or 20 thousand 

Acres [ ] 2 Last articles Answer perticularly a pasag in 

your Excel [ favour of the 8 November. 

I am Sorry to find Ackerson is, what I was Aprihensive he 
wold be — the Loss of however, I hope, will be 

gain. As Your Excel'?* inform [ation] is Such as I hope will 
bring matters to a Point. I am oblig[ David for his 

Friendly Disposition, Should be glad to See him, 
as yet believe his Visit unnecesary. Ackersons Letter that y [ou] 
Inclosed to Me Corroboorates with his Last in that particular 
that] he Says he givs up the Mine. 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 457 

One Perticular in [ 

[ ■] 

] I had of your Ecb haveing [ | this | 

[ ] I think is fully to [ ] 

] Could ocur about the | | which | 

] agree to give the Indians. I desire 
Reasonable Terms they will make the 
distant the mine is from Any of the Settle [ments 
[Brea]ka Been, Scohare, or Cobustkill. how good the [ 

| many Dollars will Satisfy David, when these mat- 
ters [ ] their Cash will be ready. If the distance from 
jment should be Considerable, the Land ruff, it will 
] be most prudent to take up but a Small Quantify] 
Land & that only for the Sake of the mine, as the haven [ 
Quantity under dificult Circumstances by which I 
bad Land — at a great distance, may not be [ ] th the 
Quit Rent. 

Pardon the freedom of this Letter & permit me to Subscribe 
My Self, with much Respect 

Your Excellencys Most 

humble Serv f 

Peter Vergereau 
Sir William Johnson 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 338-39, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of December 28th from P. 
Silvester, Albany, informing that he proposes to have writs of inquiry 
executed to assess the damages in Johnson's suits against John Wasson 
and Arie Sante Newkerk, in which he has obtained interlocutory judg- 
ments; a duplicate of the preceding; a letter of the 28th from Captain 
Normand MacLeod, New York, mentioning the governor's injustice in 
land affairs, the enlisting of Johnson's servant and his own intention of 
proposing to the deputy secretary of state for American affairs that a 

1 Several lines missing. 

458 Sir William Johnson Papers 

commissary general for the Indian department be created; one of the 
28th from Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, New York, considering 
vouchers and accounts, trade at the Shawanese town, Mr Croghan's 
arrival at New Orleans, French intrigue, with Spanish connivance, against 
British interests, a treaty obtained by Colonel Cressap from 40 Six 
Nation warriors, with a deed to land about Green Brier on the Ohio, 
compensation for traders' losses by the Indians, a method for securing it, 
and the execution in Sussex county, N. J., of the murderer of an Oneida 
Indian (printed in Collections of Illinois State Historical Library, 
1 1 :464-66, ed C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter) ; one of the 29th 
from Theophilus Chamberlain, Conajohare, explaining his letter of 
October 1 to the Rev. Mr Brown concerning rebaptism, deprecating Mr 
Brown's action in making his letter known (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:371-72; Q, 4:235); a list of losses by Indian depredations 
incurred by traders in 1 763, who have petitioned Sir William Johnson 
to demand satisfaction from the Six Nations, signed, William Trent, 
attorney; a memorial of Fowler Walker (copy), representing the English 
and French of Montreal, to the lords of trade, touching trade regulations 
established by the commander at Michilimackinac (Capt. Howard) 
and the monopoly which certain traders claim in virtue of a pretended 
assignment by Monsieur Rigaud de Vaudreuil, late Governor of Montreal, 
of lands west of Lake Michigan. (No date, probably 1 766) ; an ac- 
count of necessary expenses for one year at Niagara — £140. (In 
English and French; no date, probably 1766); a petition of the 
inhabitants of Noble Town to Sir William Johnson, regarding outrageous 
treatment suffered from Colonel John Van Ransler, through his determina- 
tion to eject them from their homes, begging Johnson's interposition; and 
a letter from Captain Murray to Lieutenant Governor Fauquier (extract), 
concerning a Cherokee prisoner in the hands of Senecas. (Probably 
inclosed with Lieutenant Governor Fauquier's letter of November 1 6th, 
not found, but mentioned by Johnson in his letter of December 1 6th to 
Fauquier) . 


Copy 1 

Whereas His Excellency the Governor of this Province, by 
His Proclamation, Published on the 31 st January 1765 Hath 

1 From a copy in the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 
111., made by Clarence E. Carter before the fire; original destroyed. 

I J ost-War Period, / 763-1 774 459 

thought fit to Notify and declare all Intercourse and Trade with 
the Several Indian Nations, living under His Majesty's Protec- 
tion, free and open to all His Subjects, under the Restrictions 
mentioned in His Majesty's Royal Proclamation dated at S'. 
James's the Seventh day of October One thousand Seven hun- 
dred and Sixty three, In conformity thereto this Licence is 
Granted unto to Trade with any of the said 

Indian Nations, he having given Bond to observe such Rules 
and Regulations, as now are, or may hereafter be made by His 
Majesty's Superintendant for Indian affairs, or other His Ma- 
jesty's Officers properly Authorized Serving in these Regions. 

This Licence to be in force for Twelve Calender Months and 
no Longer. 

INDORSED: Copy of Governour 
Murrays Licences 

A. D. S. 1 


[ ] the Case for tho Ind [ n$ 

What I Said Since Cap 1 Mason [ 

Ele I told them that I new that [ 

they then offered me Eight hundred pounds [ 

Connecticut Colony 3 . Treasury I told them [ 

the Indians was In the Rite of the Cause 

was in the wrong tharefore I Could Not | Sarve ] 

Divel for Eight hundred pounds for I [ | Counted it Now 

Bitter then a Bribe they Semed to Be a Little Beat and then 

walk d . of and never Said one word from that Day to this about 

it. I would fouder Inform you wich I had forgot that after 

1 No date; probably written in 1766. 

2 Lines missing. 

460 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Maj r Mason & they had Conquard [ ] Pequits the Lord 

Say & Lord Brook Came over from London and Bought Sea- 
brook of Said Uncas thereby it was Colled Seabrook after these 
two Lords' Names & Said Lords Bilt a foart at Siod Seabrook 
at King Charles the Second s . Cost and my Grand- 
father was Ingeniar & Gunner of Said Fourt which Soon after 
Som Ilminded person Sett Scaid fourt a fire and Burnt It to ashes 
and the Ruens are there to be seen to this Day 

Joseph Tracy 
INDORSED: M r Tracys farther Remarks 

respecting the Mohigan 

dispute in Connecticut. & 

the Bribe offer'd him by that 


Part of Case 

Relative to the Dispute between 

the Mohiecons, & their Sachim 


December, 1766 

I cannot Sufficiently Express my Acknowledgments for the 
honor you have done me in Addressing me on the Affairs of a 
Church the Interests of which I have so much at heart otherwise 
than by begging you will accept of Sincere Assurances to con- 
tribute all in my power towards promoting Your Laudable pur- 
poses and preserving your good opinion. 

I am but too sensible of the present weak Neglected State of 

the Established Religion, and that the same is chiefly owing to 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 461 

the Causes you have assigned, and as I could not but perceive 
that a Remedy became every day more necessary I wrote more 
than once on the Subject to persons in power at home with an 
Eye as well to the Service of the Clergy and Members of the 
Church as to the Indians, and I shall think myself very happy 
if it has produced any attention to these important purposes. 
What farther I have Said on the Subject has been in Conse- 
quence of his Grace of Canterbury and the Societys proposed 
plan with which you are all acquainted, but I co d . not be par- 
ticular for want of knows the nature of the funds that might be 
applyed for carrying it into Execution What I proposed was 
That one, or Two Schools be Erected, one at the Lower Mohock 
Castle to be under the direction and Gov 1 , of a Clergyman of 
Strict Character with Assistants, that from this School some of 
the Most promising Ind n . Youths might be sent to the Colledge 
and obtain orders from whence they might return & prove good 
Missionarys amongst those Nat s . where it would not be easy to 
procure other Clergy to reside for any Length of time without 
which they could have but small Success — As there is a Good 
Stone Church, and also a House and Glebe which may be rea- 
sonably purchased from the heirs of M r . Barclay and that it is 
not too distant to Deterr the Ind s . from sending their Youth, nor 
too near to be corrupted by bad Example I Judged the Lower 
Mohocks or Fort Hunter would be a Convenient Situation for 
one of these Schools, which if properly conducted would soon 
produce the desired effect throughout the 6 Nations & After 
which the plan might be Extended to the Western Ind s . who 
might then be brought to relish it, I added that with his Majestys 
permission I would for a reasonable present, or consideration 
undertake to obtain a tract of Land, to be applied to the support 
of that Institution — this was the Sum of what I wrote, any 
farther thoughts concerning which are contained in some of my 
Letters to D r Auchmuty, D r Johnson, & the Rev d . M r . Barton 
to which I beg Leave to referr you 

I have only farther to say that I wrote on the Establishment 
of a Bishop Long ago, and that I am induced to think that at 

462 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Least two Bishops are absolutely necessary at present the one 
for the Northern, the other for the Southern Colonies & that the 
Church can never flourish till such Establishments are made so 
as to have ordination, & a Regular Church Government in 
America, This plan would doubtless meet with great opposition 
from the Numerous Enemys of the Chh of England but might 
I imagine be effected on a due representation of its utility made 
by the Reverend Body of Episcopal Clergy in America. 

On these heads Be Assured Gentlemen Of all the Interest I 
can possibly make use of, and that I shall again recommend the 
same at home in the Strongest terms as well as any other proposal 
from so respectable a Body, Happy if my endeavors should at 
all Contribute to the increase of true Religion & the Interests of 
that Church which as it forms a part of the Constitution of Eng- 
land is also one of its surest Supports, and the Clergy of that 
Denominat". being intitled to my highest respect may always 
Command the utmost Services of him who is, with real Esteem 


INDORSED: Dec r . 1766 

Answer to the Address 

from the Clergy of the Church 

of EngR Assembled in Convention 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 339, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a receipt of January 1, 1767, given at 
Detroit, by Jaques St Martin to Jehu Hay for £15, 12s, 8d paid for 
steel and Indian axes; a letter of the 2d to General Gage, regarding the 
burning of a vessel at Navy island near Niagara, the sickness of Mr 
Croghan and the garrison at the Ilinois, arrival of the former at N. 
Orleans, a treaty entered into with eight nations, letters from Lord Shel- 
burne on Indian grievances and secret artifices of the French, (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:831-32; Q, 2:483-84) ; one of the 3d to Captain 
Gavin Cochrane, "to the care of George Ross, Esqr., Conduit street, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 463 

London," thanking for civilities to Johnson's son, explaining that the 
Indians lately in England were Mohegans of Connecticut, and tribes east 
of Hudsons River, the latter of whom are concerned in a tract compre- 
hended in Colonel Philips's patent near N. York, mentioning French 
intrigues and Mr Croghan's negotiations at the Ilinois, and discussing the 
purchase of Indian lands in the province. 



[January 3, 1767] 


22 Postage of 2 Letters 75 [ 

July 20 D°. of Sundry Letters at different times [ 

Dec r . 5 9 hogs w l 669 [ 

Jan>' 13 501IBohea Tea. ..7/6... 18.15 [ 

28 Sundries V bill parcells .... 7 . 1 7 [ 

Feb? 27. 3 p s Ribbon 2. S.- 

March 10. 32 Gab Rum.... 3 3.... 5. 4.- 

22 1 Cw« Shot 2. 3.- 

Yl Cw l Gunpowder 7 . - . - 

1 4 English Ells Checks . 3 'b 2.7.10 

1767 12 D Bohea Tea... 7 6.. 4.10 - 

Jan-v 3 11 1/2 tt Deer leather. 10'. 5.15.- 

68. 9.4^ 



£196.00. T 
46. 5.3 

242. 5.1034 

268. 7.434 

464 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York Jari® 5 lh . J 767. 

Worthy Sir, 

I return you my most sincere Thanks for your two last favors 
of November 20 th and Decem r . 1 th . The pains you have taken 
in forming a plan for the instruction of the poor Savages, and 
rendering them useful and happy, will to the latest posterity 
rebound to your Honor, and meet with the Thanks and approba- 
tion of the wise and good. 

By the last packet, I wrote a long Letter to his Grace of 
Canterbury, and another to the Society on the Subject ; and took 
the liberty (for fear your Letters should miscarry) to inform 
them of the substance of your Judicious Letter of the 20 th . 
November. I am very sure they will very readily adopt your 
Plan, and I flatter myself that with the return of the Spring, a 
begining will be made; and if we live a few years we shall have 
the pleasure of see-ing a great Alteration for the better among 
the poor Indians. 

I cannot possibly have any Objection to what you have said 
on the Subject; especially as you have anticipated what I intended 
to propose to you — namely — Educating a few Indian Lads 
in our College, and furnishing them with knowledge and learn- 
ing sufficient to render them useful among their Tribes. I am 
very sure the Governors of the College will readily give them 
their Education; and it will not cost any great matter for their 
eating & Clothing — they may lodge in the College, even while 
they attend the Grammar School. I am aware that at first they 
will meet with some disagreeable insults from the Vulgar, but 
that should not discourage them, as it will not be countenanced 
by the better sort — and intirely cease when once the Novelty 
is over. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 465 

I am convinced that the late D r Barclay's House and Farm 
in the Mohawk Country must be purchased, and for ever appro- 
priated, to the Service of the Indians: I have therefore pressed 
the Arch-Bishop, and the Society to fall upon a method of pur- 
chasing of it — And now I am upon this Subject, I must answer 
that part of your Letter which mentions raising a Sum of Money 
by Charity Sermons or Subscriptions here, and at Philadelphia. 

1 am sorry to say that I see but little probability of such a Scheme 
succeeding here at present, for the following reasons — 1 . 
Money is extremely scarce in this City, and like to be more so — 

2 — We have three Annual Charity Sermons for the benefit of 
Eighty four poor Boys and Girls, which are enough of the kind 
for this City — 3. Little must be expected from the Dissenters, 
if any thing; and the Members of my Congregation though 
numerous, are obliged by Subscription to pay a considerable 
annual Sum to my two Assistants and therefore would not relish 
a fresh Subscription — These Sir, are the Obstacles that at 
present occur to me — If they should in part cease, or more 
flourishing times commence, I shall be always ready to do every 
thing in my power to promote, and bring to perfection an Under- 
taking, from whence will result many and great Advantages: 
Upon the whole before any thing can be done, We must wait 
for further advice from Home; when that arrives I shall most 
sincerely concur with you, in any plan that can be formed, and 
executed with Success. 

Your Sentiments concerning the established Religion are 
founded upon true policy — and strange it is, that our Superiors 
ca'not be induced to act agreeable to the Constitution of our 
Country, and vigorously support an Establishment, which is now 
trampled upon, and every day abused by Independents, in 
Church and State. The Clergy in this, and the Neighbouring 
Governments have of late been very active, and with great free- 
dom and decency have acquainted, their Superiors with the 
languishing State of the Established Church in America — the 
want of a Head to ordain, and regulate Church matters, and the 
necessity there is for a proper encouragement for, and Counte- 
nance to those who conscientiously and faithfully discharge their 

466 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Duty, in opposition to inveterate Foes. The true State of the 
Church is now better known to the Bishops and the Society than 
heretofore; we may therefore, I flatter myself, soon expect that 
something may be done in favor of It. 

I am not so partial to my own Order, as to be without my fears 
concerning the Missionaries that may be sent among the Indians 
The Dissenters in general carefully pick out the most sedate, and 
sober men they have among them, for such Purposes — Great 
care then must be taken that those the Society send should be 
Men of exemplary behavior and unblemished Characters: but 
how to obtain such men is, & will be a great difficulty. We can 
hardly expect that Clergymen of established Characters will 
chuse to leave Europe, and set down in American wiles 1 without 
a very handsome provision ; and a fair prospect of not only being 
very usefully employed, but comfortably and decently supported. 
There might be found Americans that would answer the purpose, 
had we a Bishop to ordain them. The Dangers of the Seas, and 
the fatal small pox deter many a worthy man from entering into 
the service of the Church. Upon the whole — all that can at 
present be done is repeatedly to request that great Care and 
Caution be made use of, by the Society, in the choice they make 
of Clergymen for America; where, even little Imprudences, or 
natural Frailties are greatly exaggerated by our good natured 
fellow Christians, and set in the most odious Light — Should the 
Society send you a Clergyman for your new settlement, I hope 
it will be greatly to your satisfaction. I have pressed the Secre- 
tary to exert himself in the Affair, and to make a point to serve 
you to the utmost of his power, which I dare say he will do. You 
are happily engaged in a most useful and benevolent Undertaking 
for the Success of v/hich, you have the sincere prayers and ardent 
wish of, every person that has the happiness of his Fellow 
Creatures at heart; or delights in beholding our most amiable 
Religion, and charming Virtue Spreading and flourishing even 
in the midst of woods and mountains. 

' "Wiles" in the original. "Wilds" was plainly intended. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 467 

I think I have in a former Letter informed you that Sir Henry 
had promised me a Charter for Schenectady Church — But he 
has of late had his hands so fully employed in granting patents 
for Lands, that he can think of little else. I shall not fail of 
reminding him of his promise, and hope it will not be long before 
I obtain It — You may be assured I shall not forget it. 

I have already forwarded your Letter to D r Johnson and shall 
look out for an Opportunity to convey as soon as possible M r . 
Barton's to him. 

By a late Letter from D r Smith of Philadelphia I find he is 
also forming a Scheme for introducing Schools and Missionaries 
among the Southern Indians, in consequence of a Letter from his 
Grace of Canterbury. He says " I shall soon send S r William 
Johnson, through your hands, some Things that perhaps have 
not been thought of, which please to acquaint him. I expect M r 
Croghan every Day, with a full account of his Part of the Ohio 
Indian Country, where he is to look out a fine Tract of Land for 
the Society to settle." As soon as I hear further from the D r , I 
shall im'ediately take the liberty to com'unicate to you what he 
may offer. 

It is time that I beg your pardon for the length of this Letter, 
which might have been contracted if I had more leisure — I shall 
only detain you, while I beg your acceptance of the inclosed 
which I was compelled to print I most sincerely wish you the 
Compliments of the Season, and every blessing you can wish for 
or desire ; & have the honor to be, with great esteem, and respect 
Worthy Sir, Your much Obliged 

and most Obedient Servant 

Samuel Auchmuty 
P. S. A few Lines from you 
when your leisure will permit 
will ever be esteemed as an honor 
conferred upon me, and will be 
punctually answered — 
For Sir William Johnson. 
INDORSED: N York Jany 5 th 1767 

From D r . Auchmuty 

468 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 339—41, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of January 5th to Mr Silvester, 
concerning a letter of incendiary and slanderous character, on which it 
will be proper to institute legal proceedings; one of the 6th from William 
Darlington, New York, thanking for a remittance and pleading for a 
continuance of business relations on which he relies for support; one of 
the 7th from P. Silvester, Albany, discussing means of proceeding against 
the author of a libelous paper, the disadvantage of a prosecution and the 
propriety of obtaining a recantation before witnesses; the humble address 
of William Cunningham asking assistance to get a discharge from the 
regiment; Johnson's answer of the 7th to a petition from traders who 
have advanced goods to Major Rogers, at Michilimackinac, in the 
expectation of exorbitant prices; a letter of the 8th from Lieutenant Allan 
Grant, Ontario, about the want of an interpreter and some stolen 
weapons ; one of the 1 Oth from James Phyn, Schenectady, announcing 
a dissolution of partnership in the firm of Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, Mr 
Ellice's readiness to fill any orders and Mr Phyn's purpose to cross the 
Atlantic and return the following summer ; one of the 1 1 th from John 
Wetherhead, New York, regarding an order of council granting to 
Bradstreet and others leave to purchase land included in an application 
already made by Wetherhead, with compliments and mention of Indian 
goods which he can supply; Jains Batite Bodens's receipt to Jehu Hay 
for pay for 1 7 barrels of coals for the Indian smith, the 1 1 th, Detroit ; 
a letter of the 1 2th from Gw. Banyar, New York, informing of the 
memorial preferred to the Governor by Daniel Nimham, chief of the 
tribe of Wappinger, and of the order of council appointing March 5 
next for a hearing; one of the 12th from George Croghan, New York, 
to General Gage (copy), concerning the easiest manner of victualing the 
garrison at Fort Chartres, the necessity of cash transactions with the 
French farmers and the advisability of depending on those people for 
supplies rather than New Orleans, Pensacola, Mobile or Fort Pitt; one 
of the 1 2th from Sampson Simson, New York, transmitting copy and 
asking payment of Commissary B. Roberts's draft on Sir William in 
favor of Edward Pollard, dated November 13, 1766; Pieter Dobson's 
receipt to George Croghan for £48 for transportation of Croghan and 
others from New Orleans, the 15th, New York; a letter of the 15th 
to William OBrien, concerning the share which OBrien can have in the 
recent (Oneida) land purchase, the intention of the shareholders to plant 
settlements and his willingness to assist OBrien in making a purchase; one 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 469 

of the 1 5th to Thomas Penn, promising to seek the consent of the Six 
Nations to running the west boundary line of Pennsylvania over the 
Allegany mountains and estimating the expense, also mentioning the un- 
easiness of the Indians over the delay in establishing a line, Mr Croghan's 
good fortune with the western nations, Johnson's claim, now before the, regarding land, rank, expenses and losses and his thought of pro- 
posing to the lords of trade the appointment of a commissary general 
and the selection of his son for the office; one of the 15th to General 
Gage, mentioning Mr Croghan's arrival at Philadelphia, money to be 
sent up from New York, French intrigues in West Florida, at Detroit, 
about Wabache and the Miamis and at Misere, names of French traders 
who defy the regulations, a court of inquiry at Detroit concerning frauds 
practised by one Abbot, a trader, differences between commanding officers 
and commissaries at the posts and the need of military support for the 
commissaries, and the importance of Michilimackmac. (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:833-35; Q, 2:484-85); one of the 15th to Sir H. 
Moore about Mr OBrien's failure to make a purchase on the Connecticut 
river, the difficulty of obliging Lord Holland in a land grant, Johnson's 
desire to oblige him, the desire of the Indians of Conajoharee for redress 
in the matter of the trespass of Cobus Maybe and the encroachments of 
George Klock, and the commands of the Earl of Shelburne for the right- 
ing of Indian wrongs; one of the 15th to Governor Penn on the robbing 
of the Tuscaroras in their passage through Pennsylvania and delays in 
establishing a general boundary between colonies and Indians, saying that 
the lowest cost of assembling the chiefs of the Six Nations to permit the 
running of a line (west of the Alleghenies) will be £500; and one of 
the 1 5th to the Earl of Shelburne on the situation and complaints of the 
Stockbridge and Wappinger Indians, the obstacles to redress, Mr 
Croghan's diplomatic victory at the Ilinois, troubles to be feared from 
French agents and dishonest traders, means of insuring tranquillity and 
the necessity of strengthening Johnson's department. (printed in Doc. 
rd. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:891-94). 


In Doc. Rd. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:894-95, is a letter of January 
1 5th to the lords of trade, mentioning Mr Croghan's success in a treaty 
with Indians in the Illinois country, intrigues of French traders, defiance 
of authority by a trader at Detroit, need of a settled plan for trade ill 
the Indian department, and a report of Colonel Cressop's irregular 
behavior in obtaining a tract of land from a few Six Nation warrior* 

470 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 1 

Johnson hall J any 15. 1767 
Dear Sir, 

I have had the favor of your Letter of 15 th . ultV concerning 
my requisition of provisions. 

I have received what provisions could be spared from Schenec- 
tady but as it will fall very Short of what I shall have occasion 
for, something else must be done. This is so Extraordinary a 
Winter that there is no Snow for Sledding, and the Road and 
Bridges to Fort Stanwix are in such bad order that it will be 
Extremely difficult and expensive to send Sleds, however, if pro- 
visions cannot be had by any more convenient way I shall apply 
to the Q r . M r . Gen 1 , for Carriages when the Snow is fallen. 

I have committed this Letter to the care of M r . Byrne whose 
case concerning his Lands & ca I dare say you have not forgot.' 
he will receive any of your Commands on returning from N 

I heartily wish you an Agreable Winter as I am 
Dear Sir, Your Sincere Friend 

& very humble Servant. 

W Johnson 
Rob t Leake Esq r 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City; in the hand- 
writing of Guy Johnson. 

2 In the Johnson Calendar, p. 337, is entered a letter of December 
1 5th, 1 766, from Robert Leake, at New York, advising that provisions 
be obtained from Fort Stanwix and Schenectady. It was destroyed by 
the fire. 

3 Michael Byrne. See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 414, 418, 452. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 471 

indorsed: 15 th Jan r ? 1767 
S r W m Johnson 
Ans d 28 th Jan r y by 


Frederic De Peyster ' 


A. L. S. 2 
Stratford in Connecticut Jan r v. 16 1767 


I am inexpressibly obliged to you for the great Favour of your 
very kind Letter of Decemb r . 2. & your taking in so good part 
the Liberty I took of writing to you, & your admitting me to the 
Honour of a Correspondence; for which I am sorry I am so ill 
qualified especially on Account of a bad weakness & tremor in 
my hand, which makes writing very difficult. 

I am extremely glad of your becoming a Member of the 
Society, & that you have communicated to them your excellent 
plan for civilizing & converting the Indians by first establishing 
a large School for the Six Nations at Fort Hunter, with which 
I am vastly pleased. All your Observations on this Subject are 
very just, & your perfect Knowledge of the Indians & their 
Affairs, & Solicitude for their Conversion, qualifies you to be by 
far the best Judge of the properest Method of accomplishing that 
most important Veiw, which should therefore be carred on, as 
far as possible, under your Eye & Direction. 

The great Difficulty, I doubt, will be to find a worthy, 
judicious & zealous Clergyman & proper Catechists to undertake 
it; but I hope providence will provide: M r . Bennet would have 
done good Service, but I hear he is dead. — If a worthy Bishop 

1 A later indorsement. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

472 Sir William Johnson Papers 

could be obtained to settle at or near Albany, it would add very 
great weight towards such a School so near him, & be of vast 
Advantage to the Church in all these Countries. I am therefore, 
unspeakably obliged to you, that you will use your utmost 
Influence towards the gaining that Important point. — I shall do 
my utmost & the Clergy in all these northern Governments are 
much engaged to solicit & promote these things, but I doubt those 
of the Southern provinces are too lukewarm. 

Nor have I words sufficient to express the great Obligations 
that both my Son & I am under to you for your kind Letter to 
S r . John in his behalf, which will doubtless be of great use to him, 
& I return you my humblest thanks for it. — I did not receive it 
till he was embarqued, but I immediately sent it to go by the 
paquet now going. — I am Honoured S r . with great Esteem 
& Regard. 

Your most obliged 

& most obedient humble Servant 
Samuel Johnson 
INDORSED: Stratford in Connecticut 
Janry. 16*. 1767 — 

Doctor Johnsons Letter 
re c . 26 th . Feb r y. — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 341, is listed a letter of January 1 6th 
from Captain G. Maturin, New York, advising that Captain Stevenson, 
of the 28th, has in charge £1776, 4s. for Johnson, which he will carry 
as far as Albany. Destroyed by fire. 


A. L. S. 

[Wms.burg Jan. 17, J 767] 

I 1 

Commission of ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 473 

Saghsanageght [ ] having as 

he say [ ] at Niagara 

w * 1 . [ ] once or 

twice but whether yo[ think it 

proper to give I know [ ] his Eagerness & 

Ambition for the [ ] tempted him to come 

from Tiyonder [ ] where he is hunting; he certainly 

off[ ] Services to me before the other two and 

was willing & less troublesome than they w [ | called upon 

& sent off, has more Interest [ ] either of them, and his 

promises may [ ] more depended upon than any Indians I 

ever s [ ] being an upright sober fellow. When the other 

tw [ ] had their Commiss s . you ordered them coats h [ 

& ca . as to that he leaves it to your pleasure [ | whatever 

it be would be glad to have it at Mo [ 

] loaded with packs [ 
Cap*. Campble that came from the Roy 1 . Blockhouse | 
they now told me it was very good Slaying all the | | in 

particular from the Germ n . flatts upwards & they made | 
Trip in 8 days from Schenect^. they heard M r . El[ 
say he would come to you in a few days. 
M rs . Claus joins me in Duty & Respect and am 

Honored Sir 

Your Cbed'. Son 

Dan. Claus 

To the Hon ble . S R W M JOHNSON B'. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 342, are listed the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire : a letter of January 1 7th from George 
Croghan, New York, speaking of ill health, an inclosed report, his inten- 
tion of resigning because of ill treatment by General Gage, and war 
dresses and specimens of the mandrake plant which he has obtained; one 
of the 1 9th from Captain Normand MacLeod about servants who have 
entered the army, Colonel Croughcan's health and Guy's method of mak- 
ing reports; one of the 19th from General Thomas Gage, New York, 

474 Sir William Johnson Papers 

regarding the burning of a sloop near Niagara, the worth to England of 
the Mississippi trade, Mr Croghan's expenses and money sent in care of 
Captain Stevenson (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:835-36; Q, 2:485- 
86) ; one of the 1 9th from John Wetherhead, New York, concerning 
the Attorney General's and his own petition for redress in land affairs, 
the services Captains Butler and Claus can render them with the Indians, 
and the Governor's attitude; one of the 20th from Lieutenant Colonel 
Eyre Massy, Montreal, mentioning the expected arrival of' General 
Carleton, the coming trial of St Luke Le Corne, Captains Campbell, 
Fraser, Disney, Lieutenant Evans and Mr Howard for the Walker affair, 
a message from Cocknawaga, party disputes in the province, Mr Antle 
at Quebec, Johnson's two nephews, the question of having a garrison at 
Michilamackanak, wheat speculation and the excessive severity of the 
winter; and Johnson's account for postage with Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, 
the 24th, Schenectady. 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall 24*. Jam*. 1767 

M r . Leake wrote me some time ago that what provisions I 
wanted more till summer should be brought down from Fort 
Stanwix as Soon as good riding, & that on application to any of 
his Deputys by a line from me they would be delivered here, as 
the riding is now as good as it will be this Winter. I should be 
desireous to have Said provisions. Viz 1 . 30 barrels of Pork & 60 
of flour brought here as Soon as possible. & hope they are good, 
otherwise it will be only putting the Crown to an unnecessary 

let me hear from You Soon. 

I am Sir 

Y r . Humble Servant 

W Johnson 

M R . Wood Dy. Commissy. 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 475 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 342—43, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of the 25th from General Gage, 
at New York, concerning Mr Croghan's departure for Philadelphia, Mr 
Wharton's receipt, the slight value of the Mississippi trade and the Ilinois 
country to Great Britain, the necessity of military support for trade regu- 
lations, disputes between commanding officers and commissaries, the 
consequence of Michilhmakinak, traders' passes and the balance of 
Johnson's account (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:836—37; Q, 2:486— 
87) ; one of the 26th from William OBrien, New York, regarding his 
hopes from Sir Henry Moore's and Mr Schyler's surrender of land, Lord 
Holland's disappointment, Sir H. Moore's opposition to OBrien's interest 
and the writer's hopes from Sir William's friendship. 

A. L. S. 1 
Johnson Hall Janr^. 26 th . 1767 

My Dear Child/ 

Your letter of the 8 th . Novb r . (w h . was Yesterday brought to 
me by the 2 Familys below, with all their Progeny, & Adems 
with his 2 Daughters,) gave me great pleasure and also to them, 
we spent the Night most agreably thereupon. The report all 
over the Country is (for what reason I know not) that His 
Majesty has created me a Peer, for y r . sake & y*. of the Family 
I wish it was so — that my Department is Settled to Satisfac- 
tion, & everry thing else to my Desire On the two latter I am 
congratulated by some freinds at New York by the last Post, 
but, alas its premature. However Yours & M r . Penns give me 
some hopes that my Affairs may be soon now brought to a con- 
clusion or never, Indeed there never will again be so favourable 
an opertunity, As the Secretary of State, 1 & Lord Hillsborough 
are both Noblemen of Great Worth & Character, and I flatter 

1 In possession of A. P. Walton, Schenectady, N. Y. 
- Lord Shelburne. 

476 Sir William Johnson Papers 

myself much my freinds, wherefore would have You by all 
means cultivate an Acquaintance with them if You can get 
properly introduced. — The Want of the Exact Bounds of the 
Conajohare Tract, I find is a great impediment to its Success, 
the Boundaries already Sent M r . Penn & You fall much Short 
of what I find now it is, by a late Survey made by Justice Fry. 
He is now finishing the Draft, And hope I Shall be able to Send 
it You with this, and that there is nothing done finally in it yet, 
as I shall be prodigiously a looser if the grant does not compre- 
hend all y e . Land Fry surveyed, w h . is about 1 30 thousand Acres 
I guess, and no more than what all that Nation in full Council 
acknowledged to Gov r . Moore they had freely disposed of to 
me & my Associates in the year 1 760, on my return from 
Canada. If it is not already granted, (w h . I hope it is not) You 
must by all Means endeavour to have the Rear Line (w h . Runs 
from the N West Corner of a Pattent formerly Granted to Tiddy 
M c .Ginn & others) continue from Said Northwest Corner, North 
58 Degrees West to y e . West Side of Canada Creek w h . Empties 
at Burnetsfeild, called by the Indians Tengtitagh'ra'ron & so 
down the West Side of Said Creek to the Pattented Lands, then 
along or round the Several Pattents to the Mohawk River, thence 
down the Stream or Bank of Said River, and round the Several 
Patents lying along the Same, to Another Creek w h . Empties 
into the Mohawk River on the North Side thereof, called by 
the Ind s . De'ka'ynho'ron & by the Christians Canada Creek, 
which Creek falls into y e . Mohawk River about 300 Yards 
below Fort Hendrick, thence along or up the Stream of Said 
Creek to the place of Beginning, Viz 1 , the Northwest Corner 
of M c .Ginns Rear Line, including all the Vacant Lands within 
Said Bounds. — This, properly obtained w th . Some indulgence, 
such as Quitrent Free for ten years, (as y e . Officers get) or for 
w l . Number of Years You can &ca will Satisfy me w*. regard 
to Land all the Days of my Life. — I am glad to find that M r . 
Penn has hopes of procuring me some Satisfaction for my other 
Affairs as mentioned in y r letter, & his. — so much for Land 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 All 

I am Surprised the Board of Trade have paid no regard as 
yet to my recommendation of Doctor Richard Shuckburgh for 
Secretary of Indian Affairs, I am now 2 years without One, & 
Business everry Day encreasing by the great Number of our 
new Allies, pray make some Enquiry about it. — Miss Shuck- 
burgh married L f . Stuart of the 1 7 th . lately and are verry happy 

Pondiac Sent me word lately, that He with a Number of 
the principal Men of the Several Western Nations would pay 
me a Visit in the Spring and open the Road to my House this 
will have a verry good Effect. — 

pray enquire about the Kayadarusseras Affair & the Mo- 
hawks other Complaints Sent home by L d . Ad m . Gordon they are 
constantly enquiring of me whether anything is done therin, and 
they expect great & good News by You, wherefore I would 
have You make all the Enquiry possible concerning their Affairs, 
so that You may be able to give them some Satisfaction on y r . 
return, w h . is often wished for by them, As is y r . Welfare En- 
quired after by all Ranks of People here. I have wrote LA 
Shelburne in Answer to his first some time ago, but now find the 
Pacquet was Sail'd before it got to York, I have had a Second 
lately from him, w h . I have also answered, & wrote to the L ds . 
of Trade, M r . Penn, Sir W m . Baker & yourself, and Sent M r . 
Byrns to New York with them, who I hope will be there before 
the Novb r . Pacquet Sails, it is a great disadvantage to be so far 
back in the Country on that Acc u . 

I hope you rec d . my 2 last letters, & that for D r . Burton 
Secretary to the Society, & that You may have in Company with 
You the Clergyman I wrote to them for, & a good Man as my 
Church is now finished, & such a Man much wanted here. — 

As I have not time to Coppy my letters, & that my Memory 
is bad, I fancy I am only making repetitions of my former let- 
ters, but as this will probably be the last may reach you there, I 
thought it necessary to be pretty full particularly on the Subject 
of the Land, &ca. — 

478 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Altho Lands are verry difficult to be got here at this time, 
yet Should any Nobleman of y r . Acquaintance be inclined to 
purchase a Tract of 10— 20— or 30 thousand You may offer 
him y r . Service in procuring such a Tract, and I beleive I could 
Succeed therein. — I am heartily sorry to hear by the last Post, 
that M r . Hasenclever & C°. are failed. I hope it may not be 
so. — but such is the news here, pray make some enquiry ab'. 
the Demand & Sale of Potash & whether it is like to fall or 
rise. — To prevent y r . pair of Slay Horses being Spoiled or ill 
used, I have taken them in here & ride them now & then in my 
Slay, & better I never drove either for Safety or pleasure they 
are in prime order. You would laugh to See Guy drive his 
Skeletons with all his Family in a Sled, I hope you will be verry 
carefull in y e . choice of y e . glasses I wrote for as my Eyes grow 
verry weak, and bring me 3 or 4 pound of Coarse English Rappe 
Snuff. — Try to get Claus & Guys half pay Settled if possible 
as it will be of Service to them. I wish You all Happiness, and 
a Safe & pleasant passage hither, and am My Dear Child, Y r . 
Most affed. Father 

W. Johnson 

P. S. As Fry has not finished y e . Draft 

yet, I shall send it next Week, in a 

Box, perhaps, make enquiry for it at y e . proper office — 

Sir John Johnson 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 343, are entered Johnson's receipt for 
£3120, lis, lOd received from Gabriel Maturin, the 27th, New York, 
and Johnson's account with the Crown, of the same date. Destroyed by 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 479 



Contemporary Copy 2 

Johnson Hall 27 l K ]an\ 1767. 


By the last post I have the Favour of your Letter of the 20 
Ult°. in Consequence of the Secretary of State's Letter on the 
Subject of the Violences &c a . complained of by the Indians, & 
I am very glad that it affords me an Occasion of Cultivating your 
Acquaintance & Correspondence. 

The Cause of the Discontents amongst the Indians are realy 
many & I must confess they are in several Cases but too just, 
and altho' they only relate in a few Circumstances to your Gov- 
ernment, yet I cannot avoid saying something on that Subject 
which may be necessary for your Information should these Com- 
plaints extend further to Canada, or become more general. 

The Grounds of their Discontent arose from the Artifices & 
Endeavours of the French by Curtesy, Assiduity & Favours to 
alienate their Affections from Us, & to misrepresent Us in all 
Our Transactions, which they the easier effected from Our ap- 
parent Neglects of cultivating their Esteem, arising from Our 
Ignorance of the Value of their Friendship, from ill grounded 
Prejudices, & an ill judged Oeconomy which caused us to 
expend much more time Blood & Treasure to obtain Our Con- 
quests than we otherwise should have done, & by these very 
Conquests added a strong Jealousy of Our Power, & future 
Designs to their former Dislike. 

This has been the Case with the much Greater Part of the 
Indians throughout North America, & which we have not taken 
any effectual or scarce any necessary Steps to remove, probably 
from thinking them of too little Importance, altho' Experience 

1 Lieutenant Governor of Canada, succeeding Governor James Murray 
in administration. 

2 In Public Record Office, C. O. 323.25., p. 125, London, England. 

480 Sir William Johnson Papers 

& a faithfull Narration (if any such was published) of their 
Transactions, & the Motives on which they proceeded would 
evidently shew that they are as yet at least able to ruin Our 
Frontiers destroy Our Trade, & obstruct Our Communications 
with a very inconsiderable Loss on their Parts, & without Our 
being able to procure any Compensation from them, or prevent- 
ing their renewing Hostilities whenever afterwards they shall 
think proper, unless we keep up a very considerable additional 
Force constantly on the Frontiers for they have little Property to 
lose, & should some of them be driven from their present Habi- 
tations, it will only add Rage to Resentment & add to the num- 
ber of Our Enemies those more distant Nations amongst whom 
they might take Refuge, neither would it Answer Our Purpose 
at all to break with them, or refuse them Peace : when the Indian 
Trade solely depends on their pacific Disposition. On those 
Heads I have frequently enlarged to His Majesty's Ministers 
& the Board of Trade, & have been honored with the Royal 
Approbation thereon, & from the present Disposition of His 
Majesty & His Ministers as I find by my last Letters from Lord 
Shelburne they are determined as soon as possible to put the 
Plan in force for preventing the like Troubles for the future. 

The Bounds of a Letter will not permit me to dwell farther 
hereon, or to point out all the Slights, Frauds in Trade unjust 
Grants of Land, Indignities & Acts of Violence, together with 
the Encouragements & Misrepresentations of the French since 
they have become British Subjects, all which occasioned the 
late Indian War with its Train of disagreeable Consequences, 
to the Colonies. I shall therefore Confine myself to observing 
that the same Conduct still continues in most parts, but in the 
Colonies South of this Province have been increasing for these 
two years past, insomuch that many of the best disposed Indians 
have been inhumanly murdered (whilst trading with the Inhabit- 
ants, or travelling thro the Country) by a set of Lawless People 
on the several Frontiers, whose Friends having experienced some 
of those Acts of Cruelty which it is natural for Savages to Com- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 481 

mit in a Time of War, & which they could not then be prevailed 
upon to resent as they ought, do now in Violation of all Our 
Treaties shew their ill timed Resentment, of which not only 
themselves but the more innocent part of His Majesty's Subjects 
may if not timely prevented but too soon feel the Consequences. 

I am happy to find the like Acts of Cruelty do not extend to 
your Government, but there are other particulars that require 
Redress, which as they come to my knowledge shall be laid 
before you agreable to your Desire from a full Persuasion of 
your Zeal to correct any Abuses which may prove of the smallest 
Degree prejudicial to His Majesty's Interest or the Welfare of 
the Province committed to your Charge. At present I have 
only to remark that as the Indian Trade seems to be the principal 
Article of Commerce of Canada, so the French who are the 
Majority concerned therein, have been accustomed under their 
own Government to trade about among the several Nations which 
was attended but seldom with any ill Consequence, the Traders 
finding it their Interest to Vie in pleasing the Indians served also 
as Usefull Emissaries in their own Government, they were also 
for the most part Persons of Repute; who purchased their Right 
of Trade from the Crown, & if Guilty of trading contrary to 
Orders, or in Cases of Fraud they were liable to severe Fines, 
Punishment, & even the Gallies &c a . as I am informed. 

But since the Reduction of that Country, we have seen so 
many Instances of their Perfidy false Stories &c a . arising from 
weak Hopes of a Revolution, or interested Views in Trade that 
prudence forbids us to suffer them or any others to range at Will 
without being under the Inspection of the proper Officers agre- 
able to His Majesty's Appointment, & the many Indiscretions 
of which Our own Traders have been & may be guilty which 
may involve Us in a War when we least expect it, sufficiently 
shews that they should be in like Manner confined to certain 
Posts, the Number of which may be increased if found too few. 

Vol. V — 16 

482 Sir William Johnson Papers 

For these two years past several Traders both English & 
French from Canada have gone Toronto, Kente, 1 Frontenac, 
&c a . & there are besides now five at the Miamis without pass 
or any thing else (to the great Prejudice of the fair Traders 
who conform to His Majesty's Regulations) who being Ques- 
tioned by one of my officers swore they would trade where they 
pleased in Defiance of any Government, & they in Conjunction 
with a considerable Number of others some of whom have Passes 
which do not confine them to any particular Posts are doing all 
in their Power to excite the Indians to Quarrel with Us for an 
Indulgence which granted would soon produce a general Quar- 
rel, & their principal Argument is, that some of the more North- 
erly Indians cannot do without Traders in their Country during 
Winter, which if true, is only a peculiar Case, & does not extend 
to any other Indians. 

M r . Croghan one of my Deputies just returned from the Illi- 
nois had many Difficulties to surmount from the Opposition the 
French (who are the Spaniards Agents) gave to his Congress 
with the Indians, they excited one Nation to attack him & his 
Party last year, 2 they are still sending Belts (some of which 
are come lately into my hands) to renew the War, & the Traders 
from Canada &c a . are dipersed thro the greatest part of the 
Continent without any Inspection, of all which I have the 
strongest Proofs. These Traders left Canada before your 
Arrival consequently you could not have been acquainted with 
their Proceedings but I am so well advised of your General 
Character & Zeal for the Service that I know you will do all in 
your Power for remedying these Abuses & limiting the Trade 
agreable to His Majesty's Intentions, so that I have only to 
Apologize for the length of this Letter, to request a Continuance 
of your agreable Correspondence when your Leisure may per- 
mit, & to assure you that I am &c a . 

W m . Johnson. 

1 Quinte. 

2 On June 8th, 1 765, at the mouth of the Wabash. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 483 

INDORSED: Copy of a Letter from S r . 
W m . Johnson Superint'. of 

Indian Affairs to L*. Gov r . 
Carleton — 27 Jan?. 1 767 1 
In Lieu'. Gov r . Carleton's 
of 28. March 1 767 

A. L. S. 

[Corrysbrook, Jan. 28, 1767] 

[ ] 

[ ] License he began [ ] 

] asserting there was nothing [ 
their being Joyned together [ 
to go with you to y e Willagets and when 
] some few words with Him I [ 
ate of y e Publishment, then the [ 
] me, and I found it was in a langu[age 
] understand, I asked for one y f Could [ 
| that Number a Stranger to me & whose | 
| did not ask, so I can not call him by name said pub- 
lickly it was a good Certificate | ] himself Could wittness 

for y e . publishment [ ]d others y l were present, 

asserting that they [ ] persons and free to Marry — 

Al this time in all questions I put, by y r Answers I Could not 
find that they were bound servants to any, or that they had 
parants in y l place to Consult in y e Affair I according to y° 
Information I had took them to be persons y*. had power and 
at liberty In gen — selves to act in the affair without giving 
offence to any of those y l was at y e Marriage y l Came from your 
parts I knew none of y m but y e Foster & one Friland a Taler, 
there was Several belonging to y e Willigats Besides y e persons 

1 This is N° 19 of a set of 61 papers about Indian Trade sent by the 
secretary of State (Lord Shelburne) to the Board of Trade, 5 October. 

484 Sir William Johnson Papers 

belonging to Cobus Phillips Family then Present after Mariage 
they made no Stop at Philipses, as they said they heasted to 
Overtake a Supper & Entertainment at M r Wattarss Where they 
had appointed to Meet — now S r . the thing was not done in a 
Corner, neither as the thing was represented to me, did I think 
it would give any grounds of Offence to any — But Had I 
knowen or in the least Suspected y l they were your Servants 
or servants to any man or Under y e Care of Parents y l would 
Forbid y e Bonds or would not allow y e Mariage then No 
Consideration, no Flattery, no Force [ ] 

[ ■] 

] least give you [ ] 

would Insure yr Displeas[ ] I ever 

since I first knew y[ ] reason 

Imaginable to regard [ ] least some 

of Kindness or [ ] my best wishes must 

still be ] lasting prosperity and 

welfare I can assert as y e Language 

of my Soul [ vexes me y' I Should have been 

Led to [ ] Instrument in Carying on any th [ 

] your pleasure or y l would Vex or m [ 
uneasey; I shall Set y e affair in a Clar light [ 
May know how it happined; So fare as I know in [ 
mather, and y* you may See from what grounds I acted as it was 
represented to me, they were long published, & a paper was 
given me to certifie y e Same and also it was told me they were 
Single and free persons, y e party publickly declaring that they 
Knew Nothing either by precontract or other wayes to Hinder 
y e Marriage Bonds — thus I was at not little Care before I 
proceeded as you may learn from the following Narrative — 
The Eleventh Instant in the eavening one Abram Philips y l lives 
at the Willag[ ] And One m r Foster Came to my House, 

and gave Me to know, y l there was a Couple at y e Willagats 
y* Came down from your bush Expecting to Meet me at Cristian 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 485 

Earnest in Order to be Married, where they heared I was to 
preach y l Sabath, now Its true I was Expected in Waransbrough, 
Not knowing any thing of them, and by reason of y e Bad riding 
at the time I Stayed at home. 

[ '] 

pains] I was at In Examining [ 

I proceeded, for fear of a Mis[ ] 

or y e giving offence to any by [ ] under no 

little Concern I [ ] y e proceedings relative 

to the affair [ ] gives me y l it Should have 

given offence [ ] Especialy to you — whom I 

Ought to have [ ] regarded And Never to have 

Will m Johnston 

addressed : For 

the Honeable S r 
Will m Johnson Bart 

Johnsons' hall. — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 343-44, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of the 28th from Captain Robert 
Noble, Great Barrington, seeking advice in the matter of buying from 
the Indians a tract now claimed by Mr Ranslear and referring to Mr 
Bostwick; one of the 28th from Robert Leake, New York, saying that 
he had advised Mr Byrne to obtain the Governor's "approbation and 
grant of a warrant of survey for land" and explaining why so few pro- 
visions have been sent up to Albany; one of the 28th from George 
Croghan, New York, concerning delays which prevent his waiting on 
Johnson, his reasons for resigning, his regard for Johnson and Mr Abbot's 
account against the Indian department; one of the 28th from Captain G. 
Maturin, New York, informing that Mr Burns will deliver the sum of 
£766, Is, 7d, New York currency (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:838; 
Q, 2:487) ; one of the 29th to General Gage, mentioning Mr Croghan's 

1 Several lines missing. 

486 Sir William Johnson Papers 

desire to resign, his own high opinion of Croghan, means of diverting the 
Missisipi and west Florida trade from N. Orleans, letters from Captain 
Maturin and Captain Stevenson, the Indian deputies who accompanied 
Croghan to the Ilinois and merit a reward (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:838-40; Q, 2:487-88) ; one of the 29th to James Phyn, concerning 
the dissolution of the partnership of Duncan, Phyn & Ellice; one of the 
29th to Captain Normand MacLeod, New York, about work in the 
engraver's hands, the (enlisted) servant, a journey to Phyladelphia and 
the offer of a post at Niagara; and one of the 29th to Lieutenant Colonel 
Vaughan, congratulating on the completion of a land affair, promising 
to obtain a survey in the spring and mentioning Mr Croghan's treaty with 
1 2 nations in the Ilinois country and an expected congress with Pondiac 
and other western chiefs. 


L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall J a^ 29'K 1767 

I had the favor of your Letter concerning the running the 
Divisional Lines a few days ago — before which I received a 
Letter from Governor Penn on that Subject which I imediately 
answered — Assuring him of my readiness to assist in obtain- 
ing permission from the Indians for that purpose & of doing all 
I could to remove any unjust Suspicions thereon which I have 
reason to think will be the case from their present jealousy & 
for other reasons I therein assigned, at the same time informing 
him that it would be necessary to have all the Chief Sackems 
and principal Warriors of the Six Nations present for rendering 
it more effectual which at their Season I was certain could not 
be done for Less than £500 N York Curry, in presents to the 
Chief & entertainment on their way to, and at the Congress altho 
I offered to lessen it by Meeting them 50 miles from hence at the 
Upper Settlements, for there is no Calling of them, on any busi- 
ness without expenses, & I made the nicest calculation I could 

In Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Md. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 487 

Least Gov". Penn should have been unacquainted with it; — On 
this head I expect to hear from him in a few days, when if it is 
approved of I shall without delay send to them, and hope to effect 
your desire. 

The obtaining their consent was highly necessary, the more 
so, by reason of their present disposition owing as well to the 
Artifices of French Agents, as to the Conduct of the frontier 
Inhabitants towards them on many late occasions. 

Give me leave to add my remembrance of your politeness to 
me when in Maryland; That I shall be at all times Glad to hear 
from you, and That I am, 

with perfect Esteem 
Sir, Your most Obedient, 

& very humble Servant 

W. Johnson. 
The Ho n ble 
Lt Governor Sharpe 

INDORSED : Sir W m Johnson to Governor Sharpe — given me 
by Horatio Ridout Esq. of Whitehall near Annapo- 
lis, son of John Ridout Esq. secretary of Governor 

R. Gilmor. 

A. L. S. 1 

Kings College N York, 30 JanK 1767 
Most worthy Sir, 

I take this opportunity, tho' I have only Liberty to say a few 
Words, to acknowlege the Rec*. of your obliging Favour to my- 
self, together with your Answer to y e . address from my Brethren. 
Immediately after the above mentioned Letters came to Hand, 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

488 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I had y e . pleasure of laying the latter before a Number of our 
Clergy, who accidentally met together at this place, and ordered 
M r . Inglis & Myself to make their proper Acknowledgments to 
your Goodness and Condescension. This we shall do as soon 
as it is possible. At present (M r . Barns being to spend this 
Evening with me) I can only say that We are all most grate- 
fully thankful, for the favourable Reception with which You 
honoured our Application; adding, at the same Time, in Behalf 
both of my Brethren and Myself, that we shall ever esteem it a 
peculiar Happiness, to have y e . general Interest of the Church 
supported by so powerful an advocate as S r . W m . Johnson. 

I have y e Honour to be with y e . highest 

Respect and Thankfulness, Y r . most 

obed*. and obliged Serv 1 . 

Myles Cooper. 

INDORSED: New York 30 th . Janr?. 1767 

M r . President Coopers Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 344, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of January 30th from Rev. T. 
Brown, Albany, mentioning an attempt to collect money in the Mohawk 
country for the church at Great Barrington, asking consent to go to 
Barrington for one Sunday and suggesting that Master Peter return to his 
studies (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:373; Q, 4:235); one of the 
31st from Johannes Lawyer, Schoharry, suggesting that a line be run 
from two miles below Albany to Cohose, and offering to survey the new 
patent; Iulien Freton's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for 24 barrels of 
coals, February 1, Detroit; Major Robert Rogers's account of Indian 
disbursements and order to pay £429, 1 3s, 6d, New York currency, to 
Stephen Groesbeck, the 2d, Michilimakanac ; a letter of the 2d from 
Henry Holland, New York, proposing his son in law, Winter Fargie, 
as Colonel Croghan's successor. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 





[Johnson Hall, Feb. 4, 1767] 


] that a 

] as I 

] to the 

] the Indians, 

] that there are 

in the 

I have Sometime ago [ 
Remedy was as obvious as the [ 
find that it is an Old Affair, that [ 
Laws, and on a very different [ 
who as yet enjoy a kind [ 
doubtless many people of the first [ 
Colony who would be greatly affected by any [ 
in favor of the Indians, I am Led to think from wh[ 
constantly observed in these Cases that it will be a[ 
difficult Task and the Success quite uncertain, the 
I find that Tho s . Ninegrett has been Led to oppose them, | 
had address Enough to divide them amongst themselves | 
to Obtain a Strong party on his Side — If the party are 
th[ ] Majority nothing can be done, & If they are nearly 

equal [ ] is almost as bad. — for the Governmt at home 

will not in that Case take it into Consideration. 


To M r . M Robinson 
Attorney at Law 

S°. Kingston Rhode Island 

Feby 4 th . 1 767 — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 344, are listed the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of February 8th from General 
Gage, New York, mentioning Mr Croghan's desire to quit the service, 
suggesting that the only means to cut off the French Mississippi trade is 
to stop traffic on the Ohio, Ilinois and Ouisconsin rivers and considering 
the Indians* aversion to the regulation which confines trade to the posts 

490 Sir William Johnson Papers 

(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:840-41 ; Q, 488-89) ; one of the 9th 
from Hendrick Frey, Canajoharry, saying that he has examined Frans. 
Ruppert touching his contract with Peter Remsen to deliver a quantity of 
potash at Albany, and giving Ruppert's testimony regarding his relations 
with Remsen and Mr Hassenclaver ; and one of the 1 0th from Robert 
Leake, New York, regarding the need of army provisions at Albany, Mr 
Banyar's marriage to Mrs Appy and the difficulty of obtaining lands in 
competition with people who have the influence of the council and 
gentlemen of the gown. 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:896-99, is a report by the 
lords of trade, dated February 1 0, on Johnson's memorial to the King, 
referred to that board by a committee of council. I he report is favorable 
to Johnson's petition for confirmation of the Indian gift of the Canajo- 
harie tract, and to his request for increase of salary, unfavorable to a 
money allowance for military command on several occasions, while it 
suggests that Johnson's relief for personal outlays in the public service 
should come from the province of New York. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 344, is entered a letter of February 1 1th 
from John Wetherhead, New York, expressing gratification that he and 
his friends are preferred by the Indians in a land purchase and mention- 
ing the Annual Register and some jewels which he sends, also inclosing 
Myer Myers's bill. Destroyed by fire. 


A. L. S. 

Rh J . Island South Kingston, Feb** 1 3 lh 1767 

By your Favour of [ ] 1 765 w th . w c h I was 

honour'd, you were pleas'd assure the Indians of 

the Narragansett Tribe ] you should serve them when 

it was in your Power, | | that you had a thorough Regard 

for their Interests. And as you had inform'd them also that you 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 491 

should be very happy if your Instructions would enable you to 
do the New England Indians good Service, & to secure their 
Property to them beyond the power of any designing persons. — 
These things gave the poor People great Encouragem*. that your 
Applications Home to his Majesty or Ministry would have such 
an Effect as would enable you to make an effectual Answer to 
their several Addresses to you in their afflictive Condition. And 
now they not only have heard of the return of, but some of them 
have lately seen your Son S r . John Johnson in Charlestown in 
this Governm 1 . in his way to Boston, they are enliven'd with the 
hopes that that Gentleman has bro't suffic 1 . Credentials from 
Home for you Sir, to exercise in their behalf, & to secure their 
] from being wasted by their [ | designing 

Persons. — 

] down their Minister of the Gospel 
] of the Sachem's Council & a Chief 
them to me, desiring me to still sollicit 
| in their behalf, agreeable to former Represen [ 
| & Applications to you for them ; which they hope you 
have now by S r John full power to answer, to serve them ; other- 
wise I must let you know there is no hope of Redress for these 
poor people in this Governm 1 . where every Man may do with 
them & their Lands as seemeth Right in his own Eyes: Our 
General Assembly will not, dare not, do any thing. 

Further I am desired to acquaint you that the Sachem has sold 
more Land since my last to you. And now he is in a worse way 
than ever : for He & his Wife are at Variance — he has peti- 
tion'd our sup r . Court of Judicature for a Divorce, 6c She has 
got him bound over to his good Behavior. So that his Affairs 
will urge him still harder to sell more Land, w ch the poor people 
expect, & really expect Ruin unless your Interposition should 
save them. — 

As to my self I sincerely have no Views of Interest upon them, 
& am truly affected with the vile rapacious Treatm'. they have 
met with, & is yet practised upon them. Your Complim*. de- 
mands my hearty Thanks. And [ ] Excuse 

492 Sir William Johnson Papers 

with you for this w c h I [ ] Impertinence 

were I not an Adv[ocate ] distress'd poor Subjects) 

but your [ ] their Tribulation, On w c h I beg 

[ ] pray the Favour of a Word of Comfort 

[ ] People by this Messinger, w c h will 

[ ] oblige them, & in particular 

Your Excellys 

Most obed'. 

humble Serv 1 . 

M w . Robinson 

To his Excellcy S R . W M . JOHNSON 

INDORSED: Rhode Island Feb 1 ?. 
13* 1767 — 

Lawyer Robinsons Letter 

by an Indian 

rec d . March 6 th . 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 345, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of February 14th to Sir H. 
Moore, concerning a proclamation relative to the Indian trade of the 
province, proceedings for the eviction of a trespasser on the Indian lands 
at Conajoharee, the qualifications of Mr Croghan, the intention of Mr 
Hanna, the dissenting clergyman at Albany, to practice law, the advisa- 
bility of allowing traders' passes to be issued by the mayor of Albany 
and the refusal of George Klock to join in releasing a part of the 
Livingston patent at Conajoharee; a paper of the 15th — the testimony 
of Jonathan Coburn and John Davis, at Fort Pitt, also of a Delaware 
Indian concerning the killing of a Delaware, Captain Peters, by John 
Ryan, a conciliatory address to the Delawares by Captain William 
Murray, and Murray's proclamation to settlers to remove from the Indian 
country of Redstone creek and Cheat river ; a letter of the 1 6th from 
Robert Leake, New York, informing of a proposed commercial route 
between Otronta, on Lake Ontario, and Lake Huron, and the political 
situation in England ; one of the 1 7th from Hugh Wallace, New York, 
mentioning ministerial changes, opposition to Lord Chatham, the retire- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 493 

ment of Lord Hillsborough from the Board of Trade, scarcity of 
provisions in Europe, the writer's desire to invest in lands, and John 
Anderson, who lives on the St John's river near the Nova Scotia Indians; 
one of the 1 7th from General Thomas Gage, New York, introducing 
Major Gorham, appointed superintendent of Indian affairs in Accadie, 
and saying that Major Gorham will be subject to Johnson (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:841; Q, 2:489); one of the 17th from Thos. 
Shipboy, Albany, about scarlet cloth, gold lace and gold thread; Thos. 
Shipboy's bill to Sir William Johnson for scarlet cloth and trimmings, 
the 1 7th, Albany ; a letter of the 1 8th from John Watts, New York, 
recommending Major Gorham ; and one of the 1 8th to Captains Butler & 
Fry, transmitting the Governor's orders for the removal of Cobus Maybe 
and family from Indian lands where he lives in contempt of his Majesty's 
proclamation, written from Stoneraby. 

L. S. 1 

Whitehall Feb*. 19:1767 
N°. 3 

His Majesty has heard with great Surprize and Displeasure 
that the Governor of West Florida 2 has resolved on, and has taken 
Measures for commencing Hostilities against the Creeks without 
receiving Instructions from hence, or even waiting for Answers 
to Letters which he had wrote hither upon that Subject. This 
has been a step of so rash and unadvised a Nature, that His 
Majesty has thought fit to recall him from his Government, 
which will devolve, untill another Governor can be sent out, 
which will be very speedily, upon Mountford Browne Esq r . 
the present Lieu': -Governor, to whom, as well as to Major Gen 1 . 
Gage, & the Governors of the more Southern Provinces, I have 
communicated His Majesty's Intentions of having this Impru- 

1 In Public Record Office C. O. 5.225. p. 19, London, England. 

2 Governor George Johnstone. See letter of Gage to Shelburne, 
December 23d, 1 766, in Collections of Illinois Stale Historical Library, 
1 1 :459-61, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

494 Sir William Johnson Papers 

dent Measure remedied with all possible Diligence, & have di- 
rected them to co-operate for the restoring of Peace as soon as 
with Propriety & Consistency it can be effected. 

His Majesty, as well from the Justice, as Clemency of his 
Nature, is desirous of affording the Indian Tribes an effectual 
Protection, & of cherishing a People with every Mark of Favor, 
& Condescention, who have been hitherto treated, as you, Sir, 
have observed, with too little Lenity & Attention, & have been 
thereby probably provoked to Irregularities, & Violences, which 
tho' they cannot be justified, may be well accounted for. 

Upon this occasion, it cannot be doubted but that you will 
inculcate into the Minds of the Indians in your Department 
those Sentiments which may make them most worthy of His 
Majesty's Favor, & that you will co-operate, by your Advice 
and Assistance, in terminating the Hostilities, which have been 
already commenced, & in composing the Inquietudes, which must 
have prevailed upon this occasion among the Indian Tribes; 
I have signified to M r . Stuart, the Superintendent for the Southern 
District, His Majesty's Permission for holding a Congress, for 
the final Adjustment of the present Disorders, if such a Measure 
shall be thought absolutely necessary for that purpose. 

Since Writing the above, your Letter dated, December 16 th . 
has been received. The sailing of the Pacquet leaves me time 
to say little more, than to acknowledge the Receipt. 

I have the Pleasure to acquaint you that the Grant you have 
desired, is under Consideration, & that I have great Reason to 
believe that His Majesty is disposed to shew you this distin- 
guished Mark of Approbation for your Activity & Integrity in 
His Service. 

I am &c a . 

Sir Will m . Johnson 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 495 


Albany 20 ih . Feb*. 1767 

That your petitioners in trading 
every respect complyed with his Majesty's Royal 

] of 7 th day of October 1 763, and the subsequent 
Regulations [ ] Honor Cadwalleder Colden Esq r . late 

Lieutenant Governor of [ ] the Indian Trade to be 

free to all his Majestys Subjects, providing among [ 
that no Trader shall presume to sell any Goods wares & Mer- 
chandize to any [ ] t at the Forts and Posts already or 
which might be afterwards established [ | Majesty and 
garrisoned by his Troops. 

To the punctual performance of these Regulations your peti- 
tioners have [ ] Time to Time entered into Bonds with 
good Securities at the Secretary's office of [ Not- 
withstanding which said above in part recited Regulations your 
Petit [ ] cannot help observing that last Summer a 
Trader was licenced or at Least | | to reside at Toronto, 
and another at the Raplings; both which places are without a 
Garrison and do lie in the direct and almost only communication 
distant Indian Tribes to the public trading place at 
Niagara. In Consequence of which manifest infraction of the 
said Regulations most of the Indians stopt at those place and 
there sold or Bartered their Furrs & pletry to the Tra [der] there 
residing, which means few Indians came thro' to Niagara — 

That your Petitioners represented these facts to the Command- 
ing officer [ ] up at Garrisons without 

[ ] 

Petitioners therefore most humbly pray that your 
pleased to take the premisses into Consideration, 

496 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and grant y [ ] Petitioners such Relief as to your Honour 

shall seem meet and reasonable. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall [ 

Peter Ryckman 
Volk 1 Van Veghten 
Eph m . Van Veghten 
Garret Van Yeveren 
Thunis Visscher 
John I. Bleecker 
B Visscher 
John 5 Lansing 
Jacob Bleecker 
Nicolas Stevens 
Jacobus Van Eps 
Antony Van Sly[ck] 
Jacobus Teller 
Andres Terwex 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 345-46, are entered the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of February 20th from Lieutenant 
Colonel Eyre Massy, Montreal, speaking favorably of Mr Tod and Mr 
McNeal; one of the 20th from the same inquiring in behalf of the 
merchants if their causes are to be tried at Montreal or Michilamackanak, 
and mentioning a visit from the Caucknawagaws, the Walker affair, Mr 
Howard's embarrassement, severity of the season and a tragic affair at 
Pt Chegotine; under date of the 20th, Albany, David Edgar's bill for 
93 steel traps bought by Robert Adems for Sir William Johnson, 
followed by the receipt of Jack, John B. Van Eps's negro, for the traps; 
from Dan'l Steel, for David Edgar, Albany, invoice of 93 steel traps, 
with an accompanying receipt, dated the 20th. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 497 



CharlestoWn y e 21 of February a D. 1767 

l '] 

without passes [ ] & that 

upon the [ ] than to be 

prosecuted; and liable [ ] of 

fishing, which is the mane Branch [ ] 

part of our Tribe.) The time seems long [ 
Done to secure our Interest, being well [ ] 

will cause us, and our Children to come [ ] 

English, or hear the lamentable Cry of our little [ 
That we do still beg that you wou'd not forgit us [ ] 

tress. — As we take you to be our best friend, and [ 
fidence in you, and are truly Sinsable you are in fa [ 
Home. Your Aplication Home to his Majesty, or Minis [ 
would have such an Effect as wou'd enable you to make an 
effectual Answer to our Address to you, in our Afflictive Con- 
dition ; providing trier's remedy for us. — We have lately got a 
Copy of the Original Grant of Indian Land on which we live, 
and also a Copy of the Petition that was prefer'd to y e . Assembly 
to set y e Sachem at Liberty, (or at lest an Act of Assembly on 
the Petition,) Which we Sign'd through Inadvertance. We 
were persuaded twou'd save the great Charge of his Gardeans, 
but we See nothing of the Prodegious Consequences that has 
attended. — The Copys you'll find Inclos'd for your perusal. 
We thought proper to furnish you with the worst of our Case, 
as well as the best. — That if there is any remedy for us by your 
acquainting his Majesty, or Ministers with our pityous Condition, 
hope you'll not fail of doing us y e favor — In the mein time we 
will Perfer a Petition to the Assembly to restrict him from mak- 
ing Sale of any more Land till you are heard at Home. — tho' 

Several lines missing. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

it Seems a little Contrary to M r . Robinsons Letter, or oppinion 
if that be it. — 

M r . Edward Deake's oppinion is that y e Conveyance of Land 
by the Sachem at present is equal to what any mans can be in 
the Government: nevertheless, as he is extravigantly wasting 


Informa [ 
way to Boston 
out of England [ 
you wou'd ex[ 
the Copy we now | 

] thinks wo[ 

] Copy of y e letter that 

] and find he's had a rong 

meejting your Son in y e Road on his 

] heard that he's come 

] esteem it a great favour if 

] Robinsons Letter, and Consider 

| give us a word of advice by 

y e . Bearer hereof. 

We beg you'll not be Impatient with us tho' we are B[eing 
troubles ]ome to you. 

] grateful Remembrance of Friendship, We are 
(Hon d s r ) Your most obedient, and very Humble Servants. — 

in behalf of y e tribe Sam 1 NlLES 

John Shaddick 

Copy 2 



laid Claim to | 
above said ; | 
reason of their | 


| Jurisdiction of 

] and in as much as since Maj r 

his associates, hath 

| within y e Jurisdiction 

| an Exceeding Charge by 

]ides what Great Cost 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 Inclosed with the preceding. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 499 

& Charge it hath [ Majesties Colony of 

Rhode Island &c. which [ ] y c . value of 

all y e Lands above s d . and foras[ ] ible that my 

Father Ninegrett (whose un[ ] am,) was one of y e 

Sachems that owned s d . [ ] that it is well known 

that my Father stood in | ] ance to y e Crown of England 

unto his Death, & [ ]ch as all y e other Sachems being 

Dead, it was my Fathers by right of longest Survivership. but 
he Dying, & I being his undoubted Heir; being Sensible of my 
own weakness for want of Learning, being altogether Illetirate 
of those Endowments which y e English have, did therefore make 
Choice of Several honest Englishmen whom I had [ ] thfull 

Confidence in, being Inhabitants of this Her Majesties Colony 
of Rhode Island to be Attorneys, and Trustees, who did upon 
my behalf Sollicit this Honourable Colony who after having 
heard my s d Attorneys, and also my Antagonists equally on 
boath sides without parsality, was Graciously Pleas'd to 
Acknowledge me to be y e Heir of Said Ninegrett, and to allow 
me y e Privelidge of one of Her Majesties Subjects in as much 
as my Father and my Self keep Our allegiance to our Sovereign, 
and also cause'd a Mapp of those vacant Lands Lying within 
this Colony, (called by some y e Mortegage Land) which Mapp 
was accepted by y e Hon rd Assembly sitting at Newport y e . first 
Wedness day in May 1 708. and for as much as to my own 
knowledge y e Colony of Rhode Island hath been at Exceeding 
Charge about s d Land, even almost as much as it is worth, as 
aforesaid [ 

my own [ ] advice, 

and Consent of my Attorneys ] me, my 

Heirs, Executors, Adminis[ ever unto 

y e . Governor, and Com[pany llony of Rhode 

Island, and their Succ[ ] title that I 

have in y e . vacant Lands to Jurisdiction 

Srveral lines missing. 

500 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of this Colony of Rhode Island [ ]es, and Appur- 

tenances thereunto con[ ] To Have, and to hold 

forever; excepf ] which I reserve to my Self, of 

y e s d vacant [ ] Dwell, (viz) y e Lands, priviledges, 

& appur[ ] these bounds following, that is beginning 

[ ] that Joseph Davils Mill standeth, and runs 

into y e Great Salt Pond & so from s d Brook on a strait line 
Northerly to [Pasjqueset Pond, & by y e . Brook that runs out 
of Pasqueset Pond into Paucatuck River, & so along by Pauca- 
tuck River westward until it Comes to Benjamin Burdicks Bridge, 
& from thence Southerly towards Wecopogue Brook untill it 
meets with y e Gr [ ] Road, & so along by s d Road Eastward 

untill it comes near to Christopher Champlins now Dwelling 
House, & from thence South to y e Great Pond, or y e Salt water, 
and so along by y e by y e Ponds side to y e . first mentioned Bounds 
as it is drawn out upon y e . Draught of y e vacant Lands above 
said, all within s d Bounds I reserve to my Self, & my Heirs 
forever, & do by these presents promise & ingage for me my Heirs 
&.c. For and in Consideration above s d never to dispose of y e 
said Land, or any part thereof without y e free Consent of the 
Governor & Company of Rhode Island or their Successors &c. 
moreover I do freely & voluntarily Engage by these presents for 
me my Heirs and &c. that whatsoever Land I Shall Dispose of 
within y e . Tract I have reserv'd in y e Bounds above Said that 

[ ;] 

] and Deed [ ] herewith 

] twenty Eight day of of march [ 

ye]ar of Her Majesties Reign Ann by 
y e Grace [ ] Great Britain &C. AD. 1 709 

] Delivered 

Ninegrett Sachem 
Ninegretts Wife 

several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


the mark of 

Souvash ~) 
the mark of 
Indian E Ephraim 

We y e trustees of the said 
Ninegrett, whose hands and Seals 
are herunto affixed do freely 
consent, and give our opprobation 
to y e above written premises 
as witness our hands and Seals 
y e year & day above writtin 

W m Wanton 

J J 

W m Champlin 

Tho 8 Fry 

Sim n . Smith 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 346, are entered the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire : a letter of February 2 1 st from Gerret Van 
Sante June'r, Albany, giving amounts of provisions sent, by barrels and 
rations; one of the 22d from George Croghan, Philadelphia, stating the 
losses which he has incurred for the Crown since 1757 through the fail- 
ure of General Gage and Sir Jeffery Amherst to reimburse him for 
necessary expenses, also complaining of the attacks of traders on his 
reputation and inclosing an account of losses and recent expenses; George 
Croghan's account (copy) of expenses incurred for the Crown in his 
journey to the Ilinois; a letter of the 23d from George Croghan, Phill., 
regarding the losses and injuries stated in his letter of February 22, the 
inclosed account, and his opinion of General Gage (printed with the 
preceding in Collections of the Illinois Stale Historical Library, 1 1 :51 1, 
513-14 ed. C. W. Alvord and E. C. Carter); one of the 23d from 
Robert Leake, New York, regarding the refusal of Lieutenant Aylmer, 
at Fort Stanwix, to deliver pork and flour to Johnson's order and the 
extraordinary consumption of pork at that fort. 

502 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New London Fete. 23 d . 1767 

[ f l ] 

] able Tract of Land has been purchas'd | 

]terceded with y e . Society for propagating [y e . Gospel] 
[schojolmaster; who order'd me to procure [ 
Ann: but they have rejected my Friendship & y e . Soc[ 
[canting?] ignorant Enthusiast. However I pity y e . poor 
de[luded ] do them any christian Office. 

What Injustice y e . Nahantick Tribe suffer will evidently 
appea[r ]n Papers. They are very poor & cannot 

go to Law very ignorant & ]tain themselves. I 

hope S r . you'll condescend to advise them; & if [ 
]as'd to let me know, how I can serve them, or any of y e adjacent 
Tribes, [ co]nfer an additional Favour & Satisfaction 



Y r . Hon rs . most obedient 

& very hum 1 . Serv'. 

Matt Graves 

ADDRESSED: [ ] Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

Johnson Hall 


Johnson hall Fehy 24 th . 1767.— 
Dear Sir/ 

Sev 1 . Days ago I was favored with your Agreable Letter of 
25 th . Ult°. ri for which I thank you, and as Capt. Johnson goes 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

1 I he letter thus referred to is Auchmuty's of January 5, 1767. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 503 

to N York as Depy ag' of IncK Affairs to attend the hearing of 
an Indian Complaint before the Gov r . & Council, I would not 
Let Slip the opportunity of Writing you a few Lines and Assur- 
ing you that your Correspondence is highly agreable to me, and 
of returning you thanks for that Excellent Discourse you sent 
me, as preached at the Opening the New Church. 1 

I have not yet heard from M r Smith as you mentiond but when 
I do shall do all in my power for promoting the designs hinted 
at ; — I am Extremely glad to find that we Agree in Sentiments 
on the important Subjects of your Letter on which heads I shall 
referr you to Capt Johnson, and for the present conclude with 
assuring you of my Interest & Chearfull Concurrence in pro- 
moting the Laudable purposes intended and that I always am, 
with much Esteem 

D'. Sir — 
Doctor Auchmuty. 

INDORSED: Feby 24 th . 1767 — 

To the Rev d . D r . 
Sam 1 . Auchmuty 

V Capt Guy Johnson 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 346-47, are entered the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of February 24th from Francis 
Wade, Philada., concerning his interest in the Fort Pitt trade, sums due 
to him, drafts about which he has written to Henry White, of New 
York, and his want of favor with Mr Croghan; one of the 24th to Sir 
Henry Moore, saying that the state of Johnson's health prevents his hear- 
ing the complaint of the Wappingers March 5, but that Deputy Agent 
Johnson will represent him ; one of the 24th to General Gage, saying that 
Captain Johnson, who goes to New York to attend the hearing of the 
affair of the Wappingers, will confer with Gage about the Indian 
deputies that accompanied Mr Croghan, that the Indians have been 

1 Evidently St Paul's Chapel, New York City, opened October 30, 
1 766, Dr Auchmuty preaching the sermon. 

504 Sir William Johnson Papers 

prompted by traders to demand general freedom of trade, and that he 
concurs in the view that the Mississipi trade can be gained only by 
establishing posts at the mouths of the principal tributaries (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:842; Q, 2:489) ; one of the 24th from Alexander 
McKee, Fort Pitt, to George Croghan, concerning violations of the 
trade restrictions and a murder and a robbery of which Indians were the 
victims; one of the 25th to John Watts about Major Gorham, the hear- 
ing on the affair of the Wappingers and a desired visit; one of the 27th 
from Ro. Picken, Schenectady, reporting on the progress of Master Peter 
in spelling, reading, punctuation and grammar, and recommending Alexr. 
Cruckshanks as a gardener; one of March 6th from Alexander McKee 
evidently, at Fort Pitt, to Mr Croghan (extract), reporting information 
brought by Mr. Plummer of the determination of 1000 Virginians to 
force a settlement on Red Stone creek, and, if expelled by the military, 
to destroy a Dallaway village; one of the 7th from Henry van Driessen 
Jr, Schonechtady, informing that Joseph " ye Indian son to Brants wife " 
and William Peace have laid claim to some of his lands; one of the 
9th from General Gage, New York, informing of Major Goreham's 
return and of his intention to proceed to Nova Scotia as soon as he re- 
ceives his appointment and instructions (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:842-43; Q, 2:490). 


c\. X_. O. 

Schenactady 10 th : March 1767 

Hon d . Sir/ 

Mess rs : Lyne Collins & Shee are lately return'd from the 
germain flats from whence and along the river they have collected 
£30 towards finishing the church, which with what we expect to 
receive were in hopes whould Nearly have compleated the Arch, 
and plaisterd the walls, but we now find forming the dome alone 
will cost near £40 So money will be Vastly deficent, as we can- 
not depend on more than £70 we have asked Severall Carpenters 
for what sum they will undertake to furnish Materials to com- 
pleat the arch and ceile it with Boards, and case the Pillars, the 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 505 

lowest price which has yet been given in is £60 we now Sir shall 
Stop, till we know whether you aprove of our proceedings, and 
to receive your Honours Commands hereon M r : Fuller our 
Clerck has hinted he whould be glad to take a Lease for term 
of Years for a Lott of the Church ground intended for a parson- 
age House and put a building thereon but we can give him answer 
till we know wether it meets with your approbation, 

We are Hon d : Sir your Honours most 

Obedient Servants 

Jn°: Brown 
Matthew Lyne 
John Shee 


Honorable Sir William Johnston 

Johnstons Hall 

INDORSED: Schenectady 10 th . March 1767 
Letter from y e . Church 
Wardens of y e . English 
Church at y x . place 
requires an Answer 
Ans d . 3 d . April. 

Contemporary Copy 1 

At a Council held a Fort George in the 

City of New York on Wednesday the Eleventh 

day of March 1 767. 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.68 p. 233, London, England. 

506 Sir William Johnson Papers 


His Excellency Sir Henry Moore Baronet Cap*. Gen'. &c 
M r . Horsmanden M r . De Lancey 

M r . Smith M r . Apthorpe 

M r . Watts M'. Reade 

M r . Walton 

The Council having duely considered all the Proofs and Alle- 
gations offered on the part of the Complainants Daniel Ninham, 
and the other Indians of the Wappinger Tribe, in Support of 
their Claim to Certain Lands Granted by Letters Patent to 
Adolph Philipse dated 1 7 th . June 1 697 ; as likewise the Proofs 
Offered by Roger Morris, Beverly Robinson, and Philip 
Philipse, in Support of their Title under the said Adolph 
Philipse; and after admitting every kind of Proof, that could be 
offered by the Complainants. 

Upon the whole matter, his Excellency the Governor and the 
Council are unanimously of Opinion, and do declare, That the 
Indians now living of the Wappinger Tribe, have no Right, 
Title, or Claim, to the Lands granted as aforesaid by Letters 
Patent to the said Adolph Phillipse; That the Original Indian 
Title thereto, hath been long since extinguished, by Purchases 
honestly and fairly made — That the Title to the said Lands 
both in Law and Equity is Vested in the present Proprietors 
under the said Letters Patent, Notwithstanding any Indian Claim 
whatever; And that the Complaint of the said Indians, to which 
they have been wholly excited by white Persons, with a view to 
Countenance and Support their own illegal Pretentions to the 
Lands; is Vexatious and unjust, and as such ought to be, and is 
hereby Accordingly dismissed. 1 

A true Copy Exam d . by 

Gw. Banyar 

1 See Land Papers, XVIII: 128, in the State Library, Albany, N. Y., 
for a brief state of the controversy. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 507 

INDORSED: Copy. — 

Resolve of Governor 

and Council of N York of 

1 1 * March 1 767, on the Case 

of the Wappinger Tribe of 

Indians. — 

In Sir W m . Johnson's of 

the 1 st . April 1767. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 347-48, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of March 12th from James Phyn, 
Schinectady, about a draft on Colonel Croghan for Mr St Martin's pay, 
Lieutenant Roberts's running account, and Johnson's ill health, with a 
list of orders, drafts and promissory notes held by Phyn & Ellice, B. 
Roberts's draft in favor of Edward Pollard, made over by Pollard to 
Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, inclosed; Jehu Hay's orders that persons trad- 
ing outside the posts shall bring goods to them, the 13th, Detroit; Jehu 
Hay's orders forbidding unfair methods in trade; a letter of the 14th 
from Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, Philadelphia, regarding Mr 
Cressap's purchase of a tract about Green Briar from Six Nations 
warriors, assurances from the Earl of Shelburne of the King's interest in 
the Indian department, and a present of rappee (printed in Collections of 
Illinois State Historical Library, 11:518-19); one of the 14th from 
Hugh Wallace, New York, about Major Gorham's request for an 
advance of £300, Johnson's kindness in the matter of a land grant and 
the observance of St Patrick's day; one of the 14th to John Wetherhead, 
regarding a conversation with Glen, Scermerhorn and others, articles that 
will be needed in the conference with the Six Nations at the German 
Flats, a draft on John Watts, and Mr Wetherhead's marriage. 

508 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

New York March I4<K 1767. 
Dear Sir 

I sincerely thank you for your very obliging favor of the 24 th 
Ultimo, by Cap' Johnson, who has been so good as to spend part 
of an Evening with me; which, considering his extensive acquaint- 
ance, was more than I had a right to expect. 

Since my last to you I have received several Letters from 
Doctor Smith. He has near finished what he intends to offer to 
your Consideration on the important Subject of erecting Indian 
Missions &c. The Doctor seems to have a more extensive plan 
in view than the One, we have thought on ; which I should highly 
approve of, where the Finances equal to the Undertaking: but, 
till they are, a small begining must content us. By the next 
packet, which is hourly expected, I hope to hear that something 
to the purpose is done by the Society. Should this be the Case, 
I shall take the liberty to communicate my Intelligence to you, 
as soon as possible. 

Assure yourself — that I have not been unmindful of the 
Charter for Schenectady Church, but have postponed purshing 
the Affair, till the Council, by virtue of an order from the board 
of Trade, have made a report upon a Petition from the Dis- 
senters here, praying for a Royal Charter of Incorporation. 
Their Petition was presented to the King and Council, and by 
them referred to the board of Trade. Lord Dartmouth, a Friend 
& Favorite of that good Church man, Whitfield, being then at 
the Head of the Board, wrote a preposterous Letter to S r Harry 
Moore, inclosing Copies of the Petition and Charter, directing 
him to lay the whole before his Council, and transmit his, and 
their reasons why the Petitioners should not be indulged in their 
request, if any occurred to them. The Council have taken the 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 509 

Affair into their Consideration, and if I am rightly informed, 
look upon their request to be illegal and Unconstitutional. I have 
been favored with a sight of their report, which I suppose, this 
next week will be presented. I make no doubt but that they will 
be disappointed here, and have taken every necessary Step that 
they may meet with the same Fate at Home. If it will afford 
you any entertainment, I can send you Copies of their Petition 
& Charter, with the many, and I think unanswerable reasons 
there are against them; (which reasons are already gone home) 
when ever a proper Conveyance offers ; with a Copy of the Coun- 
cils report. These restless people enjoy priviledges enough 
already by the Act of Toleration; should they be vested with 
more, they will indanger the established Church, to say nothing 
of the state. 1 As soon as the Gov r and Council are clear of this 
troublesome, and ill advised Application, I will renew the 
Schenectady request, and hope it will not be long before I shall 
have the pleasure of forwarding the charter to you. My endeav- 
ors you may assure yourself shall not be wanting. 

The Continuance of a Corrispondence with Sir William John- 
son, will always be esteemed as a particular Honor conferred 
upon — 

Sir, Your much Obliged 

and most Ob 1 hble serv* 

Samuel Auchmuty 
S R . W M Johnson — 

INDORSED: N York 14 th . March 1767 

Doctor Auchmutys Letter 

1 See Report of the lords of trade, of July 1 0, 1 767 in Doc. Ret. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:943-44; see also Doc. Hist. N. Y., 3:497-508; 
Q, 3:300-7. 

510 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

Philad". 16*. March 1767 

Hon d & worthy Sir/ 

I some Time ago requested my good Friend D r Auchmuty 
to acquaint you that I intended to give you the Trouble of a long 
Letter on a Subject which I know you have much at Heart; & 
which the good Archbi\ of Canterbury has desired us who are 
Members of the Society, to confer together upon. It is the Fram- 
ing a Scheme (on a more extensive Plan than any yet attempted) 
for Civilizing and Christianizing the numerous Tribes of Indians 
now in Amity with us. 

To you, Sir, I know it would be needless to dwell long on the 
vast Importance of such a Scheme, considered either in a civil 
or religious Light. As little need I remark how great Honor 
must accrue to that religious Denomination (of whatever Name) 
that shall be most successful in it. 

The Society for Propagating the Gospel, by the very original 
Intent of their Charter, are particularly called to exert themselves 
in this great Work; & should they, by any Neglect, suffer it to 
fall wholly, or indeed but principally, to the Share of others, it 
would not only greatly diminish their Credit for Christian Zeal, 
by 2 dry up the main Springs of the annual Charities that now 
flow into their Hands. For whatever Society is most exten- 
sively employ'd in this great work of Conversion in America, 
will always draw after them the Main Current of the Charity 
of the British Nation. The Presbyterians in the Colonies North- 
ward of you have been gathering considerable Funds for this 
Purpose. So far as they properly apply them; so far as they 
confine themselves to the Governments settled by themselves, & 
among such Indians as they are permitted the Care of by his 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 "But," instead of "by," was clearly intended. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 51 1 

Majesty, or his Agents; & do not act for any Scheme of temporal 
or exclusive Jurisdiction, we have Nothing to object — There 
is Room for them & for us too. But where they go without any 
Leave from Government, as was the Case last Summer, with two 
from this Province it may lead to much Confusion. Others may 
go on the same Footing; contradictory Doctrines may appear to 
the very Savages, & dishonor rather than propagate the holy 
Religion we would wish to inculcate. 

In a Word, Sir, I think a Scheme for Converting the Heathen 
Natives of America connected with the English Government, 
must be carried on in a very different Manner from any Thing 
yet attempted by us. I shall therefore give some general Hints 
of such a Scheme as I think might (by the Blessing of God) 
become effectual; & if those Hints meet with your Approbation, 
I shall then enter fully into all Particulars, and draw the whole 
out at large. I have had a great Deal of Conversation with M r 
Peters, who agrees with me in every Thing, & what I now write 
is from Him as well as myself, & would have been forwarded 
to you sooner; but we waited M r Croghan's Return, that we 
might have a full Conversation with Him. I proceed then to 
what I would propose. And — 

1 st . We think that there should be no Contrariety of Doc- 
trines preached or inculcated among the Indians; but that the 
plain general Principles of Christianity, as agreed upon among 
all Protestants, be drawn out & fitted for this Purpose, not to be 
varied from; and this might be taken from our Church Service 
& Catechism, & practical Pieces; leaving out every Thing of a 
deep and disputable Nature. 

2 d . That no Teacher or Preacher go among the Indians, with- 
out the Special Approbation of Government, & those entrusted 
with the Managment of Indian Affairs. 

3 d . That Teaching the Arts of civil Life & Humanity should 
go before, or at least in the rising Generation accompany, the 
Teaching of Christianity to them. 

Keeping these three grand Points in View, the excellent civil 

512 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Policy of the Jesuits in framing their Paraguay Missions deserves 
our Imitation. 

First, then, Let the ven b,e . Society for Propagating the Gospel 
apply to the Crown for at least Two Grants of Land, Fifty or 
a Hundred Thousand Acres each. One of these Grants may 
be beyond You where you think best in New York Govern- 
ment; only it should not be so near any Fort or Garrison as 
to be corrupted or interrupted by the Soldiers; nor yet so far 
distant as not to receive immediate Protection in any Alarm. 
I think 20 or 25 Miles Distance best; and therefore with Respect 
to the Society's other Grant, we think it best on the Ohio, the 
East side, about 20 or 25 Miles below fort Pitt, or at least to 
begin wherever the Pennsylvania Line Crosses the Ohio or in a 
Latitude 15 M. Southward of Philadelphia. 

Secondly — These Grants being obtained, let some sober 
white Families, consisting of Farmers and Tradesmen be settled 
by the Society, under faithful Inspection; and let a Number of 
Indian Families be induced to settle among them, and each 
Family have a fixt Property in a small Plantation not alienable, 
but to descend to their Heirs who will live on the same. For the 
first Years let them be assisted by the Society with Cloaths, 
Provisions, Implements of Husbandry, & for Building, Fish- 
ing, learning Trades &c Let them be taught to build & lodge 
comfortably, to plow plant, sow and provide for winter. Let 
them be enticed to all this, not as a Drudgery, but by a Spirit 
of Emulation, by giving Premiums in Proportion to the Improve- 
ments they make, till they are gradually brought to see & to feel 
with how much More Comfort, Ease and Security they can 
live in this Way, than in their own Vagrant unsettled Condition. 

Thirdly — Let there be one or more public Stores, for all 
Sorts of Necessaries or Trinkets which they are fond of; with 
fixed Rates or Prices of such Things, & also proportionable 
Rates for Skins, & every Thing the Indians can procure by their 
Labor, so that they may have Property certain, and be able to 
truck for what they want, without going out of their Settlement, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 513 

and to as much Advantage as they could do any where else; 
for no persons should deal with these Colonies of Indians, but 
those who are specially appointed for that Purpose. 

Fourthly — When a Number of Families of Indians are thus 
Collected and settled, and every Thing regarding Property & 
civil Concerns regulated, the Instruction of Children at Schools, 
and in all Sorts of manual or mechanic Employments will be- 
come easy; and the more aged, by having fixed Habitations 
will also be brought to listen to the Blessed Gospel. And at 
Length, by the Blessing of God, it is to be hoped, Numbers of 
young Indians, animated with the Gospel, conscious of the Sweets 
of improved Life, and inflamed with a sacred, perhaps Apostolic 
Zeal, to communicate these Blessings to their Countrymen, might 
go forth & form like Colonies in different Parts, still farther & 
farther thro' this vast Continent. 

This, to every Lover of God & the human Species, is a trans- 
porting Idea ; & therefore I know you will feel it intimate and 
deep in your own Breast. This was the way — if we may be- 
lieve their Accounts — w ch . the Jesuits pursued in extending their 
Missions — And why should the Advocates of such a Re- 
ligion as theirs be more zealous, or more wise in their Schemes, 
than Protestants & Englishmen? 'Tis this Way, if any that 
we may hope for Success. For till Settlements are made on some 
such Plan as this is pursued, and a Number of Families so fixed 
and separated from the Rest, as that we may have Time to make 
Impressions especially on the Rising Generation of them, by a 
fair & careful Trial — the opening a School or sending a Mis- 
sionary here & there among vagrant Tribes, leaving their Homes 
more than half their Time — will be like Writing in the Sand. 

But I have not Leisure to add more at Present — These 
Hints will be sufficient to enable One of your great Experience 
of Indians to judge of the Scheme, & to point out Amendments 
to it. This I beg you will do with your first Leisure, & write me 
by Post, or the first safe Conveyance. When I am honored 
with your Commands, I shall immediately sit down and draw 
Vol. V — 1 7 

514 Sir William Johnson Papers 

up a regular Plan fit to be transmitted, with your Recommenda- 
tion to the Government; & the Society will have no Difficulty 
in obtaining the Grants, nor I hope in Executing the Design 
under your Countenance & Protection. 

I have this Matter so much at Heart, that if my Time were 
my own, I would not decline paying you a Visit, or even mak- 
ing a Voyage to England, on it. For it is of national Impor- 
tance, & unless carried on under the Sanction of Government 
need not be attempted. I wish I knew when you were to be at 
New York. Should it be in the End of May or Beginning of 
June, M r Peters, M r Barton & myself would give D r Auchmuty 
& you a Meeting there. I have Nothing more to say, as M r 
Croghan is the Bearer, with whom I have talked fully, & who 
thinks with us that the Church of England is the fittest to be 
entrusted with this great Work, & will be less liable to abuse 
any Influence that may arise from the Execution of that Part 
which she undertakes ; & which she wishes to do without restrain- 
ing others in other Parts — since a generous Plan, regulated by 
Government, all Persuasions might find full Scope, without in- 
terfering one with the other. I am, with the highest Regard — 
Hon d Sir 

Your most obed 1 . & most humble Serv 1 

William Smith 
To the Hon bIe . S R W M . Johnson Bar 1 . 
INDORSED: Philadelphia, 16 th March 

1767 — 

Doctor Smiths Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 348—50, are entered the following 
papers which were destroyed by fire: a letter of March 16th from John 
Wetherhead, New York, concerning globes ordered from London and 
articles sent from New York; one of the 16th from Baynton, Wharton & 
Morgan, Philada., sending a draft drawn by Mr Cole for £1468, 13s, 
7d and asking that the General be requested to order immediate pay- 
ment; one of the 16th from Lieutenant Rd. Aylmer, Fort Stanwix, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 515 

informing that the royal blockhouse has been burnt, also mentioning a 
difference with Mr Leake and the coming observance of St Patrick's 
day; one of the 17th from Gw. Banyar, New York, acquainting with 
the opinion of the council that the (Wappingers*) right was long ago 
extinguished, surveying the evidence for the present landowners and dis- 
cussing pending land purchases in which Johnson, the Governor, Lord 
Holland and others are interested; one of the 17th from J. T. Kempe, 
Attorney General, New York, commending Mr Francis, who desires to 
succeed George Croghan as deputy agent ; one of the 1 7th from John 
Watts, New York, about villainous affairs before a council, money 
lodged in his hands for the use of the proprietaries of Pennsilvania, Mr 
Francis, recommended for an Indian appointment, the proper conduct of 
Captain Johnson and a flimsy case (the Wappingers' claim) which ob- 
tained support in England ; one of the 1 7th from Dr Richard Shuck- 
burgh, New York, thanking for his appointment as secretary of Indian 
affairs and mentioning his city property, future residence, salary and land 
in Mohawk country ; one of the 1 7th from J. T. Kempe, Attorney 
General, New York, concerning the hearing before the Governor and 
council on Ninham's complaint in behalf of the Wappinger tribe, and 
an anonymous letter unfriendly to Johnson addressed to the Sons of 
Liberty, Albany ; of the 1 7th Jno. Jas. Beeckman's bill to Duncan & 
Phin for shot, Alby. ; a letter of the 1 8th from Winter Fargie, New 
\ oik, explaining the applications made by friends in his behalf for the 
place which Mr Croghan holds and thinks of resigning ; of the 1 8th John 
Glen's bill to John Duncan for "Pidgeon Shott" ; of the 18th Abram 
Cuyler's bill to John Duncan for gunpowder; of the 19th Daniel Camp- 
bell's bill to John Duncan for shot and flints; of the 20th John Duncan's 
bill to Sir William Johnson — £69, 16s, 6d., Schenectady; of the 20th 
Glode Landri's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for 1 cords of wood, 
Detroit; of the 20th Pier Braganier's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for 
making charcoal, Detroit; of the 21st a letter from John Duncan, 
Schenectady, about Mr Klock, a method of serving Silver Heels, a 
license to purchase land, the dissolution of partnership with Phyn and 
Ellice and an order for gunpowder; of the 21st, Albany, B. Roberts's 
account of expenses incurred in bringing some Seneca chiefs and other 
Indians from Niagara to Johnson Hall; of the 23d a letter from John 
Wetherhead, New York, concerning an order for Indian goods, a land 
affair, Wetherhead's marriage to the daughter of John Kelly, the appoint- 
ment of a chief justice who is a Bostonian, with a salary of £600, and 
some jewels recently sent; of the 23d, Fort Chartres, Rich'd Winston's 
account for six months' rent of a house for the Indian interpreter, with 
receipt to Fdward Cole, indorsed with the certificates of Edward Cole 

516 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and Colonel John Reed, dated March 25, 1767; a letter of the 23d 
from Alexander Colden, New York, regarding some warrants of survey 
for which Captain Johnson inquired, and a map which Mr Cockburne is 
making; one of the 23d from John Glen Jun'r, Schonectady, inquiring 
whether Mr Wetherhead is to have the land which Glen has mentioned; 
one of the 23d from Captain Normand MacLeod, N. York, relating to 
Guy's adventures in the city, articles desired by Mr Roberts and the 
force at Niagara and a debt contracted for Johnson, also the trouble 
Captain Legg gives him about the (enlisted) servant; one of the 24th 
from Rachel Witherhead, New York, acknowledging congratulations and 
sending a slight token of esteem; of the 24th, New York, John Wether- 
head's account for goods bought for Johnson; a letter of the 24th from 
Lieutenant Jno. Carden, Tienderoga, about his civil treatment of the 
Cocknewagas, and his bill of expenses at Fort Erie, including cost of 
entertaining officers and their families; one of the 24th from John 
Wetherhead, New York, mentioning a bill of parcels and an inclosed 
letter from his wife, for the writing of which he apologizes; one of the 
24th from Asa Spalding, Norwalk, a lawyer, upholding the case of 
Nimham and others before the council, which regards Philips's patent, 
and asking if Johnson will concur in a proposal to carry the matter once 
more to great Brittain; an account of disbursements for the Indian depart- 
ment certified by Captain Geo. Turnbull, Captain 2d Batt'n 60tb Regt., 
the 24th, Detroit; Tofile Leme's receipt to Jehu Hay for £72, 8s, New 
York currency, the 24th, Detroit; Jacques St Martin's receipt to Jehu 
Hay for £72, 8s, the 24th, Detroit; Piere Chenne's receipt to Jehu Hay 
for £72, 8s, the 24th, Detroit; Elleopolle Chene's receipt to Jehu Hay 
for £72, 8s, the 24th, Detroit; Ben. James's bill and receipt to Jehu 
Hay for £33, 7s, the 24th, Detroit; and Edward Cole's order to Sir 
William Johnson to pay Baynton, Wharton & Morgan £3721, 12s, the 
24th, Fort Chartres. 


[Johnson Hall, March 24, 1767] 

I ] 

you are to Acquaint the [Indians to inspect into the 

Trade, p[ | transact all business with them [ 

an Interpreter and Smith are also appointed ] Gratis 

in their respective capacitys, u[nder you 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 517 

You are to shew your Warr'. & communicate your Instruc 
[tions to the] Commanding officer, applying to him for Quarters 
in the most convenient place for the reception 
Indians, & for Yourself, the Interpreter, and Smith with 
[ ] and fire-wood — 

The inspection of Trade, correcting abuses, redress [ing] 
Grievances, gaining Intelligence of all ill Designs, & securing 
[the] friendship of the Indians, being the Principal Objects of 
y[our] Appointment, you will diligently apply yourself to dis- 
charge] these important Trusts, to which end you are imedi- 
ately to inform yourself of the manner in which Trade has been 
hither [to] carried on, and the most reasonable prices of Goods, 
and Peltry, The Strength, Connections and Interests of the 
several Tribes about you with their Sachems, Warriors &ca 
all which you [ ] to report without delay to Guy Johnson 

Esq r . Deputy Agent for the middle District. And you are to 
make regular entrys of all Occurrences and Transactions a fair 
Copy of which [ *] Deputy & for y r farther Government 

[ ] Copy of Regulations to which you are to see 

that [ not] to incurr any Expence without orders 

] beyond what is absolutely necessary for | 
or a Dram occasionally to the Ind s . and you are any] 

Indians who may be troublesome on that head [ 
Explaining to them the Expence the Gov f . is at by these appoint- 
ments, and shewing them the Nature of Your Office and that 
whatever presents may be occasionally bestowed on those na- 
tions who best deserve it, will be done by the Superintendant, or 
His Deputy — That it is Expected they will Shew their Grati- 
tude for the Appointments already made That they will abide 
firmly by their Engagements and Live in peace and friendship 
with all his Majestys Subjects, as the only means they have to 
Intitle themselves to a continuance of this Establishment, or to 
the hopes of farther favors. — 

The Interpreter, and Smith are to be subject to your Orders 
to apply themselves diligently to their dutys, without accepting 

1 Several lines burned away. 

518 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of any Gratification from the Indians, or being concerned in any 
Trade or business on pain of imediate removal, And you are to 
inspect Strictly into their conduct in their respective Capacitys, 
The better to enable you to do which, You will apply yourself 
to Study the Language of the Neighbouring Indians. 

You are to keep regular and Just Accots, of all Expences 

[ '] 

be included in my Gen 1 . Accot s [ ] periods. — 

Lastly, you are [ ] fall within your Duty 

to do your [ ] Judgment for promoting the 

Service you are [ Applying yourself 

to discover the Sentiments [ ] Indians, Acquir- 

ing their Confidence by Integrity, [ ] and a Strict 

Attention to their Affairs and promoting to your [utmost] that 
harmony which should subsist between them & the Traders, or 
others at the Garrison. 

Given under my hand at Johnson hall 
the 24 th . day of March 1 767 — 

INDORSED: Form of Instructions 

to the Commissi, of Indian 
Affairs at Michilimackinac 
Niagara, & Ontario &c 
for 1 767. — 


A. D. S. 

Fort Chartres, March 24, 1767 
The Crown/ 

To Doctor William Annesley D r . 

For Attendance and Medicines administred to the Indians at 
this place from the 25th Sept r . 1 766. — to this 24 th March 1 767 
Inclusive, is 181 Days a 5/ p*. Day: £45. .5. .pensylv a . Cur- 
rency at five Livres to the Dollar — 

1 Several lines burned away. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 519 

Fort Chartres March 24 th 1767 Received of Edward Cole 
Commissary for Indian Affairs at this place, the above Sum 
Forty five pounds, five Shillings Pennsylvania Currency at Five 
Livres to the Dollar 

N°. 8 W M Annesley 

INDORSED: Doct r . W m . Annesley's 

and Receipt 
March 24th. 1 767 
N°. 8. 


A. D. S. 

Fort Chartres, March 25, 1767 

t ] 

is Just and True and [ ] Croghan 

Esq r . Deputy [ ] The northern District 

[ ] 

Fort Chartres March 25* 1767 I John Reed [ ] 

Lieutenant Colonel of his Majestys 34 th Regiment [ 
&c &c. Do hereby Certify that Doctor William Annesly At- 
tended the Indians that have been from time to time 
post, during the Term particularly Specified in here 

unto annexed, and that the Sum of Forty five pounds Pennsyl- 
vania Currency therein Charged is Just and True and is Equal 
to Six hundred & three Livers at the rate of [five] Livers per 
Dollar, and that his appointment to the foreign Service was by 
the order and approbation of George Cro[ghan] Esquire, Dep- 
uty Superintendant of Indian Affairs for [the] Northern Dis- 
trict, and Myself 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto Set 
my hand 

Jn°. Reed Col 

L<. O. 34 [ ] 

520 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 350 are entered these papers, which were 
destroyed by fire: Sir William Johnson's account with B. Roberts, com- 
missary, and an account of Indian disbursements by Benj'n Roberts, 
commissary, followed by the certificate of Captain John Brown, 60th 
regiment, all dated Niagara, March 26th. 


Contemporary Copy x 


Quebec 27 ih : March 1767. 


I received the Favour of your Letter of the 27 th . of January, 
and shall always think myself obliged to you for informing me 
of any Irregularities committed by Persons from this Province, 
as by that Information I may be enabled to take such Steps 
here, as may correct them for the future, and assist you in your 
Endeavours to prevent all cause of Discontent to the Indians 
from hence : in Return I will Communicate to you the Complaints 
which I receive here, as I imagine this mutual Information must 
be of Advantage to His Majesty's Service, whose Intentions are, 
that His Servants should promote the Good of all His Subjects, 
as well as prevent any just Cause of Discontent, to those under his 

That the French who must always be our Rivals in Trade, 
often our open Enemies should take every Opportunity of gain- 
ing the Affection of the Indians, and of misrepresenting us, I 
expect as a thing of Course, it belongs to us to defeat their 
Endeavours, whether fair or fraudulent and by wise Regulations, 
honest dealing and by kind Treatment to attach them to us, and 
avail ourselves of those extensive Channels of Trade, to enlarge 
our Commerce to the utmost. 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 323.25. p. 135, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 521 

Your Complaints of the Canadians by which Name I distin- 
guish the Subjects of the King our Master, acquired by the Con- 
quest of this Province, are so general, that I can only make my 
Enquiries, and speak to them in as general a manner; When I 
talk here of that Perfidy, false Stories, or Views of exciting an 
Indian War, you complain of, they appeal to Colonel Gladwyn, 
and all the rest of our Officers, who were spectators of the last, 
and are Confident these will give Testimony of very different 
Dispositions in them at that Time, When such Views might 
have been more excusable, than at present, and that even then 
some of them were utterly ruined by the Indians for their Attach- 
ment to us; they very plainly shew me, that such a War must 
be very destructive to them, and in Case of such a Misfortune 
that they then did, and would again chearfully take up Arms, to 
reduce them to Peace, by Force. Ever since my Arrival, I 
have observed the Canadians with an Attention, bordering upon 
Suspicion, but hitherto have not discover'd in them either Ac- 
tions or Sentiments, which do not belong to Good Subjects. 
Whether they are right or wrong in their Opinion of the Indian 
Trade, I submit to those whom the King has appointed to direct 
and Superintend the same, but the unanimous Opinion of all 
here, Canadians and British, is, that unless the present Restraints 
are taken off, that Trade must greatly suffer, This Province be 
nearly ruined, Great Britain be a considerable Loser, and France 
the sole Gainer; as they must turn the greatest Part of the Furrs 
down the Mississipi, instead of the S f . Lawrence; they compute 
that a very large Quantity of Merchandize, formerly passed thro' 
this Province to Nations unknown to Pondiac, and too distant to 
come to any of our Posts, and that so much is lost of the Con- 
sumption of British Manufactures. They say that their own 
Interest will always be a sufficient Reason and Motive to treat 
these People well, and to use their utmost Endeavours to keep 
them in Peace, and the Canadians will engage to take some 
English in every Canoe, to acquire a Knowledge of these Coun- 
tries, and the Language to shew they have no Jealousy at their 
becoming acquainted with this Trade; 'Tis imagined here, that 

522 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the other Provinces, who are neither acquainted with these Coun- 
tries, nor so advantageously situated for this Trade are the secret 
Causes of their being so severely fettered; they presume to think 
each Province should be permitted to avail itself of it's natural 
Situation, and acquired advantages, and that it would be as un- 
reasonable in Us to expect the Posts to the Southward should 
be shut up by Regulations, as long as our's are by a severe Cli- 
mate; that in this Respect all the King's Subjects should be 
considered as Brothers, or one Family, and that the Rivalship 
ought not to be between Province and Province, but between 
the King's Subjects and those of France and Spain; some have 
offered to prove, that two years ago, while they were confined 
to the Fort, the French or Spaniards from the Mississipi came 
within twenty Leagues of the Detroit, and carried off the very 
Furs, that were intended to clear off the Credit given the Indians 
the year before. They even assert 'tis impossible to prevent 
them for carrying off by far the greatest Part of that Trade, 
unless those Restraints are taken off. they maintain that the only 
possible Means of preventing those Evils for the future, and of 
removing the Discontents of the Indians, for not being supplied 
with the Necessaries of Life as formerly, is to permit them to go 
among them, as was the Practice of this Colony, that thereby 
they will be enabled to undersell the Mississippi Traders, detect 
their Artifices, and be the Means of bringing them to Punish- 
ment, as it is their Interest and Duty so to do; but supposing the 
worst of them: they hope the King's Subjects of Canada are as 
much to be trusted, as the French from New Orleans, and ought 
to have the Preference, considering they carry up the British 
Manufactures only. I have also had many Complaints of the 
Partiality and Violence of some Commissaries, but as I find by 
your Letters to Lieutenant Colonel Massey, you are already 
informed of them, I will not trouble you with a Repitition, not 
doubting but they will be properly punished, if they are found 
Guilty: the British in particular request, that for the future these 
may all be obliged to give Security for their good Behaviour, 
while in that Employment, that should they commit any Injus- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 523 

tice, Partiality, or Violence, they may know how to recover 
proper Damages in a regular Course of Law, this they think the 
more reasonable, as they on their Side give Bond to observe the 
King's Regulations, which, if they do amiss, subjects them to 
suffer for it in the same way, and not to be left to the Mercy of 
a Commissary, or of those Indians he may Hulloo after them, 
they begged of me to let them have a Copy of those Regulations, 
they give Security to obey, and that I would not leave them to 
the Information of a Commissary in those distant Parts of whose 
Partiality they have already seen many Proofs, by suffering 
many to go out and trade abroad, they suspect for Value re- 
ceived, while the rest were confined to the Fort; that whatever 
was the King's Pleasure, they would submit to, but still it be- 
came necessary to be apprised thereof, as they must considerably 
lessen the Quantity of Merchandize for these Parts, and not be 
obliged to leave them packed up, and lodged in a Warehouse 
without, willingly submitting to let all be confiscated, if they 
sold for one Farthing, rather than bring them to a small Market 
in the Fort, exposed to all the Accidents of Fire; this some of 
them preferred and practiced at the Detroit. Had I those Regu- 
lations, I would have given them a Copy, but I am as yet un- 
informed of them. 

General Gage acquaints me you complain to him of Seven 
Persons who are among the Indians without Passports, namely, 
Capucin, Lorain, La Motte, Pot de Vin, Bartholome, Bergeron, 
and Richarville; The six last are Canadians, and have been 
settled among the Miamis and Ouias from fifteen to twenty 
years, except Pot de Vin who has been settled as long at 
Detroit, but I can give you no certain Account of Capucin, who 
is also among the Miamis, it is supposed that is not his real Name, 
but a fictitious one, to conceal that of his Family. 

I have given some Presents to the Indians who came to see 
me at Montreal, as I find it was customary on the like Occasions, 
and think that Attention to them must have good Consequences. — 

I am with Regard &c. 


Guy Carleton. 

524 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INDORSED: Copy of a Letter from 
Lieu': Gov r : Carleton 
To Sir Will m . Johnson 
dated 27. March 1767. 1 
In L l Gov r . Carleton's 
of 28. March 1 767. 

Contemporary Copy 2 

Extract of a Letter from Lieutenant Governor Carleton to the 
Earl of Shelburne dated Quebec 28 th . March 1 767. 
I inclose a Copy of a Letter from Sir William Johnson, to- 
gether with my Answer, containing the Complaints, which all 
the Merchants here concerned in the upper Country Trade, 
have repeatedly & very respectfully made me, of the great Detri- 
ment the Furr Trade receives, from the Traders being confined 
to the Forts of Niagara, Detroit & Michillimakinac, & their not 
being permitted to go amongst the distant Indians. I both hope 
& believe, from all I have been able to learn since my Arrival, 
that the Persons Sir William Johnson says, are spreading unfa- 
vourable Suspicions of Us among the Indians, and endeavouring 
to turn them against Us, are from new Orleans, & not from 
Canada, where they seem to be convinced it is their Interest, as 
well as their Duty, to preserve those Savages in Peace ; that they 
are most anxious for carrying all their Merchandize, wherever 
they think it most for their Advantage, is certain, some Restraints 
on Spirits excepted, which has most pernicious Effects on the 
barbarous Race, & visibly forwards their Destruction, with that 
of their Trade, but am persuaded they never could think, of 
stirring up an Indian War, which must evidently endanger both 
their Lives & Fortunes. 

'This is No. 20 of a set of 61 papers about Indian Trade sent by 
the Secretary of State (Lord Shelburne) to the Board of Trade, 5 

2 In Public Record Office, C. O. 323.25. p. 121, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 525 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 350—51, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of March 29th to Sir H. Moore, 
saying that Mr Fargie's application is fruitless, as Mr Croghan agrees to 
continue in the service, and mentioning the Indian case lately before the 
council, a mistake in surveying, by which the persons concerned in a tract 
south of the Mohawk, obtained 70,000 acres instead of 200,000 and a 
desired proclamation forbidding clandestine purchases; one of April 1st 
to the Earl of Shelburne, explaining that the old wound prevented his 
attending the hearing in New York on the Wappinger claim, consider- 
ing the circumstances which led to an adverse decision, agreeing with the 
view that the Indian superintendents should be in communication with the 
commander in chief rather than the governors, and enumerating difficulties 
attending the protection of the Indian lands and the enforcement of trade 
regulations (printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:913-15); one 
of the 1 st to General Gage, concerning an account of pay and disburse- 
ments, violation of trade restrictions, remedies, the Onondagas' need of 
food, the intention of Virginians to settle near Monongahala, Major 
Gorham's application for £300, the need of a cash reserve for Indian 
expenses, Mr Croghan's continuation in office, new trade regulations and 
an exception of the region north of Lake Huron (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:843-46; Q, 2:490-91); one of the 1st to J. Watts, to say 
that it will be impossible to serve Mr Francis as Mr Croghan will continue 
to be deputy agent, and that he will give Mr Wetherhead a draft on 
Watts for the amount deposited by Mr Allen to defray the expenses of 
an Indian conference concerning the boundaries of Pensilvania and Mary- 
land, mentioning the adverse decision on the (Wappingers') claim; one of 
the 3d to General Gage, concerning attacks on Mr Croghan, Mr 
Croghan's late expenses and former losses in the service (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:846-47; Q, 2:492); one of the 3d from P. Silvester, 
Albany, about the cases against John Wasson and Arie Sante Newkerk; 
of the 3d an account of expenses of Guy Johnson, deputy agent of Indian 
affairs in going to, attending and returning from the New York hearing 
on the cause of the Wappinger Indians, with receipt from G. Johnson; 
a letter of the 4th to J. T. Kempe, regarding Mr Francis's application 
and Mr Croghan's continuance in office, Nimham's disposition to push 
the (Wappinger) case, and the offensive anonymous letter; one of the 
4th to Mr Wetherhead, concerning Mrs Wetherhead's polite letter, some 
jewels, an inclosed order on Mr Watts, commissions on New York busi- 
ness done for Johnson and a land dispute. 

526 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 
Bergen County Hakkensakk the 4 th Apr. 1767 
Honorable Sr 

The Paucity of Learned & well Experienced men in all 
sorts of Usefull knolegd of welstated Philosophy & Divinity 
among the Representative & Collective Body of Our Dutch 
Reformd Church proving fatal, awakened several of its wel- 
wishers to prevent the impending Ruin. It was thought a Col- 
lege in which Youth might receive Education after the manner 
of their Ancestors, was the only extant & effectual Medicine. 
I with all meekness & Humility, as wel as Sincere Regard & 
inclination to your Worthy Person, Exalted unto So high a 
station of Dignity, & therefore so mighty Capable to execute 
that noble affection in you, the Dutch People & their Churches 
discovered toward them, Address meself in their behalf to you, 
entreating you to Condescend to the Trust Comitted to you, to 
Govern their College & Kindly to assist its further Erection & 
Regulation. 2 

The first Meeting of the Trustees, Among whom they took 
to them selves the Honour to Nominate & appoint You in the 
Royal grant, obtained is to be held the second Tuesday in May 
next, at the County hous of Bergen County, The Town Called 
Hakkensakk. (as notifyed in the Public neews). Where the 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 Queen's (now Rutgers) College, at New Brunswick, N. J., re- 
ceived its first charter November 18, 1 766, its second, March 20, 1770. 
Johnson was made a trustee on the latter date. Goetschius wished it to 
be planted at Hackensack. See Centennial of the Theological Seminary 
of the Reformed Church in America, 1784-1884, p. 70-71. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-/774 


then Assembling society expects to enjoy Your Company, or at 
least a Letter from you, whereby they might know your Pleasure. 
Honorable S r 

I am your Most humble & 
dutifull servant 

J. H. Goetschius. Vdm. 

Past, att Hakkensakk &c 

The Honorable 
Sir William Johnson 

Fort Johnson 

INDORSED: The Revr d . M r . Gotschiu's 
Letter date April 4 th . 1 767 
Rec d . May 3 d . 1767 — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 35 1 , are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of April 6th from Gw. Banyar, 
New York, concerning the claim of the Wappinger Indians and some 
means of forestalling frivolous proceeding, news of Sir William's son in 
England and Major Clarke's 2000 acres in Sachendage; one of the 6th 
from John Wetherhead, New York, acknowledging a letter brought by 
Lieutenant Frasier, quoting the New York price of potash and offering 
to take charge of a foreign shipment of this product; one of the 7th 
from the same about a bill of parcels, tablespoons, a talk with Alderman 
Phil Livingston on the price of potash, a certificate of manufacture 
necessary in exporting, some Lisbon wine and an importation of Indian 
dry goods; one of the 7th from Myer Myers, to say that a silver tureen 
holding five quarts should cost, if plain, £53, 15s, and, if chased, £67, 
10s; Sir William Johnson's account with John Wetherhead, the 8th, 
New York. 

528 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. 5. 

[Conojoharry, April 8, 1767] 
Dear Sir/ 

it is our Nessesity [ ] Applicattion to 

you [ ] A Little Money Which [ ] Procure I 

could not go [ ] I am Obliged to Attend [ 

I am Indebted to [several ] Able to pay [if You 

[ ] 


S ,r William Johnson 
Johnson Hall. 


In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:847-48; Q, 2:492-93, is printed a speech 
delivered to Johnson by Abraham, the Mohawk, in behalf of his people 
and the Schoharie Indians, protesting against the alleged attempt of 
certain persons to obtain land which the Indians have already sold to 
others. Dated Johnson Hall, April 9, I 767. 


Johnson hall April 10 th . 1767 ' — 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Agreable favor of the 1 6th ult° which 
I should have been glad to have had it in my power to Answer 
by M r Croghan, but the hurry of business disappointed me. 

I rejoyce to see the Spirit that prevails in Support of the 
Church of England and for the Christianizing and instructing the 
Indians to which I shall chearfully contribute all that in me lies. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 529 

A Much more Extensive plan than any hitherto fallen upon 
is doubtless necessary for effecting that important end, and as I 
have conferred with and being applied to by most of the Clergy 
to the Northward thereon I have freely imparted my Senti- 
ments to them as Well by Letters as otherwise, and have like- 
wise offered my General Sentiments thereon, to the Society, with 
all which you are doubtless acquainted. 

I am no Enemy to the Memb rs of any Religious persuasion 
who may from Laudable disinterested motives exert themselves 
in such a Cause, but I am well aware of the use, or rather Abuse 
that some may make of such indulgences, and therefore and for 
other reasons founded on the principles of sound policy I could 
wish the Church of England exerted itself therein with a Vigour 
sufficient to render the attention of other Christians unnecessary. 

There are no Indians detached from the direction of the Super- 
intendant, & committed to the care of particular Governments, 
and therefore their endeavors are only in consequence of the Act 
of Toleration, but as the Dissenters are more numerous here & 
much more strongly united every where than the Members of 
the Established Church, the former will doubtless raise a large 

I am Extremely glad that M r . Peters (for whom I have a 
great regard) agrees with you in sentiments, and from a just 
Sense of the honor you do me in asking my thoughts I shall 
offer them with freedom and Candour. As to your first Article 
I entirely agree with You that there should be no Contrariety 
of Doctrines preached amongst Indians & that the principles 
to be inculcated be taken from the Church Service &ca, without 
engaging them in Any Abstruse points, or disputable tenets, 
Give me leave here to inform you that finding the Old Edition 
of the Ind n . prayer book very scarce and defective I long since 
sent a Manuscript to be printed with proper Corrections in order 
to dispense amongst the Mohocks & those of the Oneidas who 
can read. 

Your Second Article for prohibiting Teachers from going 
ams 1 them without proper Authority is on many Accots highly 

530 Sir William Johnson Papers 

necessary as your third is Judicious Namely the teaching thv. 
Arts of Civil Life & Humanity before, or together with Chris- 
tianity, altho' I fear there will be some difficulty attending it, 
the same having been attempted by those of other Denominations 
with a View as the Ind s . soon discovered to the Introduction of 
familys & Settlements, which has alarmed their jealousy on that 
head, and therefore whatever is done in that way at least for a 
time must be rather by Example than precept, which Example 
might be set by Young Men who not having familys would not 
create a Suspicion. 

I have always considered the conduct of the Jesuits as well 
in Paraguay, as elsewhere to be worthy our Imitation, but the 
Ind s . of the Northern parts seem to have an almost unconquer- 
able Aversion to Arts and Husbandry, which are indeed incon- 
sistent with their Ideas of Government and policy, and there- 
fore I am of opinion that we must first give them a different turn 
of thinking before we can attempt it with any hopes of success. 
As Hunters I believe they may be as usefull Members of Society 
as they would be in any other Capacity at Least for a Century 
to come, and the behavior of some of the Tribes most attended 
to in Canada (allow ce , being made for Acts of Cruelty to w ch 
they were excited by the French) sufficiently proves that a Civil- 
ized Member of Society & an Indian Hunter are not incom- 
patible Characters of w ch I could produce instances were it 

The next part of your Letter where you propose two Grants 
of Lands I greatly approve of, as I do of the situation, and I 
have already offered my interest to be made use of for obtaining 
proper Grants, tho' I fear the Suspicious disposition of the In- 
dians, increased by our own Misconduct will render it very diffi- 
cult, and as to the use to which such Land is to be appropriated 
I referr you to what I have already remarked on the Establish- 
ing of settlem ts . — And if the Ind s . or any Number of them 
were once prevailed upon to form a regular society of that Nature 
there will remain no doubt of the propriety of having public 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 531 

Stores for them, altho' the Exclusive Right of Trade will prob- 
ably interest the Commercial people ag l it. — As to the last con- 
cerning the consequences which will result from their being Civil- 
ized I am happy to find that I agree perfectly in opinion with 
you & have expressed myself accordingly in my Letters, as I 
have already done on every Article of y r Letter, the forming 
Settlemt s . excepted and that only from my apprehensions of the 
difficulty there would be in effecting it. — One great difficulty 
we have met with on the contracted plan hitherto pursued and 
in which the french Jesuits had so considerable an Advantage 
over us was, that none of the Clergy of our Church could Sub- 
mit to sacrifice their friends hopes, & Connections, to bury them- 
selves in an obscure Village Surrounded by a parcel of Indians, 
and yet nothing ever bade fairer for success if it could be put 
in practise, for I have ever observed that those Ind s . who have the 
least intercourse with us, have the most integrity, & possess the 
best Moral Qualities, & would be easily brought under the Con- 
duct of a Good Resid*. Teacher of exemplary Life to perceive 
the Sweets of a well regulated Society; which once effected 
they wo d . soon adopt your Judicious plan without Umbrage or 
Jealousy, and it was from a Considerat". of this, & from a thor- 
ough knowledge of their Sentiments of the English, My Appre- 
hensions of the Misconduct of some amongst any Number of 
settlers amst them, & the Sovereign Contempt in w cfl they hold 
all those who do not act up to the Tenets of their profession that 
I only proposed as a beginning that Two Schools sho d . be erected 
with Clergyman well Qualified at their head, assisted by proper 
Masters, who should instruct the Youth committed to their 
Charge in all Usefull knowledge, & these when duly fit to be 
sent amongst the sev 1 . Tribes to procure mere Scholars & con- 
vince their people of the Advantages possessed by a Civilized 
people, w ch from the Mouths of Indians w d . receive double force, 
and soon effect the utmost of our most Sanguine Expectations. 
But on all these heads I must beg your favorable indulgence 
and allow", for the hurry in which I am obliged to write & the 
little time I have to digest a Subject of such great Importance, 

532 Sir William Johnson Papers 

And as I have only had leisure to offer my thoughts in gen 1 , 
hereon, should any doubt arise, or any passage want a more full 
Explanation, I shall with pleasure give it to the utmost of my 
power on hearing from you, as I despair of seeing you not having 
it in my power to go down the Country. Altho' if my time & 
health would permit, no Journey would be more Agreable to 
me than that which Afforded me the pleasure of seeing & Con- 
versing with you, on a Subject of such Great & Gen 1 . Importance 
as well Civil as Religious. 
The Rev d . D r . Smith 

indorsed: April 10 th . 1767 — 

To D r W m . Smith 
concern^ the Christianizing 
& Civilizing the Indians. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 352, is a letter of April 1 1th from Jas. 
Bloodgood, of Albany, about a carriage which he is making for Johnson. 
Destroyed by fire. 


A. L. S. 1 

Lancaster, Sunday-Morning, April I2 lh . 1767 

Most worthy Sir, 

To your very polite & friendly Letter of the 2 d . of December 
last, I did myself the Honour of writing you an Answer. I am 
this Moment going to Church, & only sit down now at the Re- 
quest of Garret Barry & John Carr, two industrious Farmers 
who intend making a Settlement on your Lands. They are Men 
of good Character, & will be able to draw a great Number of 
Settlers after them, beside their own Families which are numer- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, J763-1774 533 

ous, having several Sons grown up — I have engaged one Clark 
an excellent Waggon-Maker, & one Owen a good Joiner & Car- 
penter, with several other Mechanics, who are determined to 
move with Barry & Carr — I should indeed be happy in having 
it in my Power to serve you, & it shall be the Study of my Life 
to convince you of my Affection & Esteem — 

My good Friend Col : Croghan, I suppose, is now with you 

— I beg to offer him my best Regards — To Cap*. Johnson I 
make a Tender of the same — My warmest Wishes are to be 
able once more to visit Johnson-Hall, & Nothing shall long keep 
me from a Thing which my Inclination so much prompts me to 

— It is expected the Society will fix upon the Plan which you 
have so judiciously laid down for the Indian Schools, & that a 
prudent Clergyman will be settled as Missionary & School- 
Master at Fort Hunter — D r . Smith talks of paying you a Visit 
as soon as this Matter is settled by the Society — 

Permit me to recommend the Bearers to your kind Favour & 
Notice, And to assure you, with the utmost Sincerity that I am, 

Worthy Sir, 
Your ever obliged, obedient, And 

Very humble Servant 

Tho Barton 

P.S. Forgive, Sir, this hasty Scrawl, for the Faults of which 
I shall endeavour to make Amends in my next — 

A young Man, of fair Reputation, who understands the 
Mathematicks, & is an excellent Surveyor humbly begs the 
Favour of you to inform me whether he could receive any En- 
couragement for Surveying — His Wishes are moderate, & if 
your Lands, & the other New Settlements about Albany would 
afford him A decent Subsistence, he is inclined to set off imme- 
diately — He will bring with him sufficient Testimonials of his 
Character & Abilities — 

Hon b,e . Sir William Johnson, Bar'. 

534 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INDORSED: Lancaster 12 th . April 1767 

Doctor Bartons Letter 
by 2 Farmers — 
Ans d . 1 st . May — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 352, are listed the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of April 13th from (Sir) H(enry) 
Moore, New York, regarding an error in the Indian deed, a proposed 
division of the militia regiments, and the appointment of proper officers; 
one of the 1 3th from Jno. Monier, Albany, about a postage account 
which he sends; and one of the 13th from John Watts, New York, 
concerning money from Philadelphia, the Northhampton territory, a letter 
for Captain Claus from Mr Baker, resentment in England against the 
province for opposition to the act for billeting troops, and a draft for 
£500 in favor of Mr Wetherhead. 


New york April 13 th . 1767 
Dear Sir, 

M r . Croghan has delivered Me your Letter of 3 d . Ins', with 
the Several Acc ,s . inclosed. 

Every thing concerning the Traders at Fort Pitt had been 
made known to me except the Officers refusing Assisstance to the 
Commissary which I shall write about. They were ordered to 
send Deposition and proper Information in those Matters to 
Gov r . Penn, that the Traders might be prosecuted according the 
Tenor of their Bonds. The officers Commanding ought to give 
their Assisstance when it is demanded by the Commissarys to 
put the Regulations in Force. 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 535 

What you Mention concerning the officer Commanding and 
Indian Commissarys corresponds entirely with my own Senti- 
ments in those particulars and I have wrote to that Purpose in 
general Terms to Niagara, which is the only Place where any 
Disputes have happened that I have yet heared of. The Pro- 
visions are under the Direction of the Officer Commanding who 
can't refuse to order the Commissary to deliver to the Indian 
officer upon Application Such Provision as can be Spared upon 
extraordinary Accidents, but it can't be drawn by any Means 
into a general Rule, or a thing to accustom Indians to come to 
the Forts for the sake of Provision orders shall be sent to Ontario 
concerning the onandagoes. The Letter is sent you herewith. 

I shall write to Gov. Fauquiere concerning the Settlements at 
Redstone Creek and the Branches of the Monongahela. and 
again offer my assisstance to drive them off by Force, unless Cap*. 
Murray's Proclamation has it's effect. 

Major Gorham Must Manage the Affairs of his Department 
as has been usual in Nova-Scotia, and not introduce New Cus- 
toms to increase Expence. The Indians in that Province are 
quiet, and by what I have heared Satisfied in all Matters, except 
the want of a Priest. What has been thought reasonable respect- 
ing Provisions I understand has been allowed on proper Occa- 
sions and the? Major must be satisfied with it. I can have no 
objection to your Draught for £300 If you Judge it proper and 
Right for the Major to have such a Sum. 

With respect to Cash it is as much as I can do to find Money 
for Bills fast enough to pay off the Expences of the Service; as 
for the Pay of your Officers If you will be so good to transmit 
a regular List of them as they stand in their several Districts, 
viz'. Canada, Ilinois, Fort Pitt, &c a . &c a . every Six Months, 
every Means will be tried to have sufficient Cash by that Time 
to discharge their Pay. But as for their other Expences it is not 
possible to foresee them, or indeed easy to find Means to pay 
them. Instead of Retrenching their Expences they seem to in- 
crease; and some of them so high without Authority, that they 

536 Sir William Johnson Papers 

are far beyond any Expences that I am permitted to contract 
without Application, and Leave obtained So to do. The Ex- 
pences of the Ilinois, contracted by M r . Croghan, Smallman and 
now M r . Cole can not be bore. I am glad Major Rogers Ace 1 , 
are properly vouched, and hope the rest are likewise vouched, 
without which they should not be paid. 

The best means that can be devised for your having plenty of 
Cash in hand, would be, either for the Treasury to remit Money 
for the Department, or to allow you to draw Separately on them 
for the Sums wanted on that Score. 

The permitting the Traders to go to the wintering Places 
Northward of Lake Huron &c a ought to be a general Permission 
for such as choose it, and we may guess that the whole will go 
whether permitted or not. 

If M r . Croghan goes again to Fort Pitt, I must desire him to 
be less expensive. I know of Nothing said against him but his 
being concerned in getting the Goods up for Baynton &C. to 
Fort Pitt which were plundered, but I can't assert or even say 
that he was justly accused. But everybody that he has been 
with has complained of his unnecessary and lavish Expence in 
all his Indian Transactions. I could wish this Account of his 
which I shall order to be inspected had been before presented. 
Some Articles I understand were at a Time that he expended 
about £10,000. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 . 

indorsed: N. York April 13 th . 1767. 

From Gen l . Gage 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 537 

A. L. S. 1 

Quebec I4 lh April 1767 

By the last Post 2 I wrote you a full account of the Complaints 
and Request of the Merchants of this Province who are con- 
cerned in the Indian Trade, and tho' I am convinced you would 
give such Directions As for the future may prevent all Abuses, 
without my troubling you any further on that Head, yet as I 
have been since informed that the Commissaries declare, they 
will distress the Traders from hence, as much as lies in their 
Power, for having Complained against them, at which the Mer- 
chants are greatly alarmed, I therefore cannot dispense with writ- 
ing to you again so soon, to desire that no Violence nor Injury 
be offered to any of them, but that they be permitted to return 
unmolested with their effects for if any of them have behaved 
irregularly, he may be persecuted here, where each has given 
Bond to obey the King's Regulation, as required in his Majesty's 
Proclamation of the 7 th of October 1 763. I must also desire 
you will be pleased to send me a Copy of those Regulations, 
that I may make them known to the Traders, before they set out, 
and that the Merchants may know how to regulate their Com- 
missions for Goods from England, for these must be proportioned 
to the Liberty of disposing of them, at the Indian Markets. 

I am with Regard 

Sir Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

Guy Carleton 
The Hon b,e Sir W m Johnson Bar'. 

Super', for Indian Affairs 

in the Northern District 

1 In possession of Joseph F. Sabin, New York City. 

2 Letter of Guy Carleton to Johnson, March 27, 1767. 

538 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 1 

Fort Augusta, April 15, 1767 

The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 

to Caleb Graydon D r . 

F m . Oct'. 21 st : To 12 Bush 5 . Indian Corn d d to the 

Tusc a . King 4/ £2 8 

To 28 Bush s . D°. to the Tusc as . 
rec d . f m . 

Cap 1 . Hunter @ 4/ 5 12 

To 28 Bush*. D°. rec d . f m . 

Rob'. Gordon d° 5 12 


To 1 1 Bush 8 . D°. rec d . f m . 

Mess". Baynton & Wharton & 

Compx. @ 5/ 2 15 

1767 \«: To 67|4 Bush*. D°. rec d . f m . 


Ditto @ 4/ 13 9 

146 £29 16 

Febrx. 16* To 6 lb Powder @ 4/ 

rec d . K D° £1 4 

To llj^fc-. Lead @8 d 78 
To 2 doz. Gunflints @ . 1 

1 12 8 

1 From a copy in the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 111., 
made by Clarence E. Carter before the fire; original destroyed. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 539 

March 30 ,fl : To 6 ft Powder @ 4/ 

Rec d . K D° £1 4 

To 19|/ 2 tt>». Lead 

@ 8 d 13 

To 1 Doz : Gunflints ... 06 

1 17 6 

£33 6 2 

Errors Excepted Fort Augusta the 
1 5 th . April 1 767. — 

P C. Graydon Ass'. Dep: Ag 1 . for Indian 
Affairs on Susquehannah under 
Cap 1 . Tho s . M c Kee Depy Ag'.— 
Fort Augusta the 1 5 th . April 1 767 


Please to pay the above Contents to Mess". Baynton 
Wharton, Morgan & Co: Merchants in Philad 3 . for value rec d . 

C. Graydon A. D. A. &C a . 


The Hon bIe . Sir W m . Johnson Barr 1 . 
Philad a . April 28 th . 1 767 Receiv'd of the Hon b!e . Sir William 
Johnson the Sum of thirty three pounds 6/2 Pennsylvania Curry. 
Exchange 6 2 /^ ds P O. is equal to thirty five pounds 10/7 New 
York Money in full for the above Order in our favour. 

Baynton Wharton & Morgan 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar', 
Caleb Graydon 
£33.. 6.. 2 
£35.. 10.. 7 Y k . Currx. 

540 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 352-53, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of April 15th from John Munro, 
Albany, about a scheme prejudicial to Johnson's interest, of which he 
has informed Mr Burns; one of the 15th from George Croghan, New 
York, on a conversation with General (Gage) about Indian traders, the 
murder of the Dellaway, approval of Indian accounts and a sum of 
money due Croghan, also on a land purchase from the Oneaghquaga 
Indians, the concession by the patentees of Kayaderrusera, rumor of a 
Spanish war, resentment in England at opposition in this colony to the 
Billeting Act and issues of paper currency, Croghan's intended journey 
to Phill, inclosing a list of people employed at Fort Pitt, Detroit and 
Illinioes, and mentioning Mr Prevost's inclination to settle on the Mohock 
river; a return of people employed in the Indian service at the Ilinioes, 
Detroit and Fort Pitt. (In the handwriting of George Croghan, not 
dated but probably the inclosure mentioned in the preceding. Printed 
in Collections of Illinois State Historical Library, 11:557); David V. 
Derheyden's bill to Sir William Johnson for Indian goods, the 1 5th, 
Alby. ; a letter of the 1 6th from Geo. Croghan, asking that a draft on 
Captain Maturin for the amount of Colonel Cole's account be drawn in 
favor of Henry White, agent of B(aynton), W(harton and) Morgan; 
one of the 1 8th to General Gage, regarding the murder of traders by 
Cherokees in retaliation, the murder of the Delaware at Redstone Creek, 
the chances of any lasting peace between the northern confederacy and 
the southern Indians, commissary appointments affecting Lieutenant 
Roberts, Captain Lieutenant MacLeod and Mich'l Byrne, and drafts 
for Indian expenses at Montreal (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:848— 
50; Q, 2:493-94) ; one of the 18th to Sir H. Moore on the late pur- 
chase of Mohawk land for Lawyer and others, and expenses of the 
Oneida purchase north of the Mohawk; Chris'r Yates's bill to Sir 
William Johnson for surveying the 1 9th, Schenectaday, receipted Janu- 
ary 29, 1 768; a letter of the 20th from Gw. Banyar, New York, about 
terms of payment for Major Clarke's lands at Sacondaga, Brackam's 
successful petition for 600 acres, a survey by Mr Cockburn, a variance 
between Lawyer and Duane and the attitude of the council toward 
Indian land sales; one of the 20th to Lord Adam Gordon, acknowledg- 
ing kindness and mentioning the Indians' resentment for neglect and in- 
justice, retaliation by the Cherokees, effect of the repeal (of the Stamp 
Act), advantages of the new Indian purchases and importance of the 
persons concerned, also the benefit to Sir William's son of foreign travel; 
and a scheme for forming several regiments out of the militia for the 
county of Albany, dated the 20th. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 541 

A. D. S. 

Canajoharry April 20 th . 1767 - 
Sir William Johnson 

To Hendrick Frey D r . 
To 1 1 days surveying at schohary the Pattent 

[be]tween the two stony Creeks a 20/ p r £11.. 

[To] Cash p d . Philip Garlogh for 1 1 days a 4/ 2 . .4 

[To] ditto p d . Christian House 1 1 d°. a 4/. . . . 2. .4 

[To] ditto p d . Jn°. Linegar 1 1 d°. a 4/ 2. .4 


Rec d . 29 th Jany. 1 768 the Contents 

Hendrick Frey 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 353-54, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire : a letter of April 2 1 st to Lieutenant Colonel 
Massy about the complaint against Commissary Hay at Detroit, the plan 
proposed by the Board of Trade for the Indian department, the need 
of stringent trade regulations and the proper place for trying infractions; 
an account of presents made to the Euriqua (Iroquois) and the Caughna- 
waga Indians by Matt'w Wade, with certificate of Lieutenant Governor 
Guy Carleton, the 22d, Quebec; John Wetherhead's bill to Sir William 
Johnson, the 22d, New York; a letter of the 23d from Daniel Camp- 
bell, Schenectady, about an order for goods wanted at the German Flats, 
with thanks for business favors; one of the 23d from R. Cartwright, 
Albany, informing that Lieutenant Roberts has drawn on Johnson in his 
favor; Myer Myers's bill to John Weatherhead for tablespoons, in 
duplicate, the 24th; a letter of the 24th from (Sir) H(enry) Moore, 
Fort George, introducing Mr Grant, Mr Cuthbert and Mr Campbell, 
who are traveling to Niagara; one of the 24th to G. Maturin, informing 
that Johnson sends to Com'y Gen. Leake an order on Maturin for the 
amount of Mr Croghan's account, that he sends Henry White an order 
for the amount of pay, expenses, etc. of Mr Cole, commissary at the 
Ilinois, and that he needs money for disbursements and officers' pay 

542 Sir William Johnson Papers 

(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:852-53; Q, 2:495); one of the 24th 
to General Gage, regarding orders sent by the General to Niagara and 
Fort Pitt, instructions to Major Gorham and the commissaries, a pro- 
vision for the pay of department officers and for retrenchment in the cost 
of Indian goods, the effect of frontier murders by which Indians are 
sufferers, the boundary desired by the Governors of Pensilvania and 
Maryland, the intended trip of Chabert Joncair with goods to Niagara 
and clothing stored at the posts for the Indians (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:850-52; Q, 2:494-95); one of the 25th to Sir H. Moore 
on the proposal to increase the number of militia regiments and reorganize 
the military force of the province, Johnson's own services in control of 
the local military and the difficulty of finding good field officers; one of 
the 25th from Daniel Campbell, Schectady, about an order which he has 
filled, mentioning Captain MacLeod and his wife, Captain Lee of the 
artillery, Commodore Grant, Colonel Grant and Colonel Reade; one of 
the 27th from Captain Normand MacLeod, New York, excusing his 
long delay at New York; John Wetherhead's bill to Sir William Johnson 
for York rum, the 28th, New York; a letter of the 28th from John 
Wetherhead, New York, mentioning letters forwarded to Lord Adam 
Gordon and the Earl of Shelburne, surveying instruments, a draft on Mr 
Watts, a shipment of two hogsheads of rum, and Indian goods expected 
from England; one of the 28th from John Wetherhead, New York, 
concerning a draft on Mr Watts, commission on business, silver spoons 
sent in charge of Allan McDougall, who is journeying to Detroit, Sir 
William's letter to Mrs Wetherhead, surveying instruments for which 
he has written Aron Miller of Elizabeth Town, and articles that have 
gone astray. 


Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall, April 28, 1767} 

I 1 

on that petition, wh [ ] to me. — 

These Indians [ J same 

Subjects but were [not able to ] necessary 

Allegations and proofs, so [ ] Case only 

in general — I [ ] that there have been 

many Instances | J 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 543 

impositions on the Indians as well as that the Ind s are Some- 
times Concerning the Transact ns of their 
Ancestors but from the [ ] the Law and 
the Sentiments of the Gov[ ] on that head the 
Ind n Title [must] be fully, and Legally proved, wch at such 
a of time is a great difficulty on the side of 
the [Indians] and therefore it will be needless to attempt doing 
any in it, till all these are obtained, so that 
before I can [ | my thoughts on the Matter, [ 
know the full State, the Extent of their Rights, [ ] 
Indian Title, patents &ca under w ch the White people [ 
hold the Lands, the Exact boundaries as v/ell as what proofs 
can be produced to shew the Rights & continued Claim of the 
Stockbridge Ind s . thereto — These and other Articles are Want- 
ing to enable me to for[ J 

[ .. 1] 

transmitted to me for my [opinion] 

al] ready observed cannot be given with 

[ until] I am furnished with all the Materials 

[ ] 

I am Sir, a Well Wisher to the Indians 
and Your very humble Serv'. 
[ ] you 

[ ] Nimham that 

] yet think of any 
] further in the Affair for 
]s already had Two 
]ys — I cannot take upon myself 
[ ] thing unless they can procure the 

]ion of the Law, founded on more 
material Evidence than any yet 

1 Several lines missing. 

544 Sir William Johnson Papers 

indorsed: April 28 th 1767 — 

To M r Timy. Woodbridge 

concerning the Claims 

of the Stockbridge Indians. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 354—55, are entered the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of April 29th from John Glen 
Jun'r, Albany, to say that he will have a bateau and two men ready by 
May 3 ; one, undated, from John Wetherhead about spoons and parch- 
ment, which he sends; one of May 1st to Governor Franklin, asking 
assistance and protection for the Delawares in his province who wish to 
remove to the Ohio country and inquiring about an affair proposed to 
the home government; Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan, 
Phyn & Ellice, the 1st, (Schenectady); and a letter of the 1st to Sir 
Henry Moore, concerning the claim of the Stockbridge Indians, 
particularly as it conflicts with that of the Mohawks in lands west of the 

L. S. 1 

Johnson hall May I st . 1767 

Immediately on receipt of the Answers to my Letters concern- 
ing the Expence of Calling the Indians together, I dispatched 
Messengers to them, and have received an Account of their 
being on their way, but that they have been greatly retarded by 
the Extraordinary floods, however I daily expect to hear of their 
arrival at the frontiers where I am to meet them. Altho I sent 
only for the Chiefs, yet, I find that a Considerable number be- 
sides are on their Way. — 

This Letter is to go by the Nanticokes from Otsiningo near 
the head of the Susquehanna River, who go to your Govern- 

In Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Md. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 545 

ment in order to bring off their people to Joyn them at their 
present residence. — I am fully persuaded you will give them all 
the Assistance and protection you can, and direct how their 
rights there are to be disposed of, which they are desirous of 
Selling as the Tuscaroras did who left N. Carolina. 

Acts of Justice and Kindness to these people particularly when 
the Indians in general appear discontented with the conduct of 
many of the frontier Inhabitants cannot fail having a good 
effect. — I have furnish them with Passports for their Journey, 
and heartily wish they may pass unmolested. 

I am, with great Esteem, 
Your most obedient 
& Very Humble Servant 
W. Johnson. 

INDORSED: Sir William Johnsons Letter 

to the Governor Read 13 th . July 1767. 
Given to me by Hon Ridout Esq. 
of Annapolis in 1833. 

Robert Gilmor 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 355, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of May 3d from Matthew Wade, 
Montreal, sending his account certified by General Carleton, notifying 
that he has drawn in favor of Mr Farrell, and explaining that he was 
not responsible for a large present to the Indians; one of the 4th from 
Lieutenant Edw. Abbott, Montreal, applying for the place of Indian 
commissary at D'Etroit; one of the 4th from John Watts, New York, 
regarding two orders which he has paid, the billeting of soldiers on the 
colony, the petition of the Mohawks laid before the ministry, a report 
that Johnson has a scheme for reducing expenses at the outposts, the claim 
of the Stockbridge Indians and Mr Allen's inquiries concerning surveys 
and the boundary between Phila'a. and Maryland; one of the 4th from 
Pyeter M. DeGarmo, Tomhenack, to say that he has married the relict 
of the late Rev. Mr Lapius and to ask if his spouse's portion from Ger- 

Vol. V — 18 

546 Sir William Johnson Papers 

many has yet come; last will and testament of Grace Cosby, the 4th, 
London; a letter of the 5th from John Wetherhead, New York, about 
letters from Lieutenant Prevost, orders for the purchase of a negro girl, 
carpenters who will settle in Johnson's village, a young schoolmaster who 
wishes to come, laborers whom he will send, forwarding goods through 
R. Cartwright and the failure of James Rivington; one of the 5th from 
Captain A. C. Cuyler, Albany, recommending Benjn. Egberts for a 
commission as 3d lieutenant, mentioning the growth of the company and 
inquiring about an account against Major Rogers. 

D. S. 

[Mehamies: May 7, 1767] 

I ] 

which there [ ] & Fathers of 

the Indians 

First That himself and People [ ] People came to 

his Villiage to supply | ] in Consequence of wch, 

This day M[en with the English and French 

to Acquaint [ ] & his Peoples Hearts were Good. — 

Secondly In Consequence of an Order fm their Father to [take ] 
from them those Necessarys, and Oblige them to go to Detroit, 
(they think those Orders very hard) that a Person Wanting a 
Shirt, app r . Leggins &ca, must go so far, and that the Chief 
thinks his Fathers Eyes are not Open'd but that Himself will 
soon be with him. — 

Thirdly That the Smith must return, they think [it] still Harder, 
and are Greatly Surpriz'd how their Fathers, can think a per- 
son so Necessary amongst them must leave em, How can they 
Support their Familys and Hunt, if their Guns & Tomhawks 
are not Kept in Repair. 

[ ] . . 

Consequence of those Orders &ca &ca himself and Principle 
People, smoakd, the Pipe with the Trading People, and has 

1 Miamis. The speech is addressed to some traders. 


Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 547 

sent it to their Father to Receive & Convince him their Eyes are 
Open'd, and Further says that perhaps he will Look up to the 
Sky's & Recieve it, and Perhaps not, but that Himself will be 
very Near, Perhaps when their Father Receive's the pipe His 
Eyes will be Open'd & have Pity on them and their Children as 
to Himself he's not Afraid has is Heart is Good & shall go 
Down to Talk with Him soon, 

sing'd by the Chief of Mehamies 

his ^ Mark 
INDORSED: Speech of the Miamee 

Indians to some Traders 

in May 1 767 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 355, is entered a letter of May 1 1th 
from John Wetherhead, New York, regarding the land dispute between 
Mr Duane and the Schoharry people, the application of the government's 
decision to a pending case in which the writer is interested, an accommo- 
dation proposed by Mr Schuyler and a report that the home government 
will remove Johnson from the superintendency in the interest of economy. 
Destroyed by fire. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York May //* 1767. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received Your Letter of 25 th . Ul mo : 2 and am very 
glad that you have restricted the Commissarys in their Expences, 
for continual Complaints are made of the great Sums expended. 
This is now a Subject of great Debate at home, I mean the 
Expences of North America in general. The Estimates were 
before the House of Commons; and Nobody could Say what 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. 

2 In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:850-52; Q, 2:494-95. 

548 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Would be their Fate. The Commissarys should not draw their 
Pay till it becomes due. If your Department becomes fixed 
as an Establishment, they will probably hereafter receive their 
Pay in England and in that Case will be on the same Footing 
as the rest of their Neighbours; receiving a year's Salary, when 
a year and half is due. I expect that Some orders respecting 
Matters of Expence will be soon transmitted. 

The Method you propose of having a certain Quantity of 
Goods from England will undoubtedly be a great Saving. 

I hope the Discontent amongst the Indians will Subside: 
Cap 1 . Murray 1 informs me from Fort Pitt that Most of the 
Settlers are removed from Redstone Creek. I have directed him 
to remove the rest, and to destroy all the Habitations: and like- 
wise to go to Cheat River to warn those at that Place to remove 
immediately. This Proceeding May possibly prevent any more 
Settlers from going up from Virginia as reported by M r . Plumer 
if it does no more. And I Must then wait an answer from L l . 
Gov f . Fauquiere, to whom I Sent an Extract of your Letter, an 
offer of Military Assistance, and Mentioned the King's Orders 
on this Subject. 

Lieu*. Gov r . Carleton shall be informed of what You say 
relative to Chabert Joncaire. 

I have lately heared from M r . Stewart, that the Cherokees 
absolutely disavow the Murder of M r . Boyd, who they Say, was 
cut off by the Northern Indians; and that the Report of the 
Seven Virginia Traders being Murthered in their Country is 
found to be a Mistake. He therefore proposes Sending the Chero- 
kee Chiefs here, to be forwarded to You, as before intended, 
in order to Mediate a Peace between them, and their Northern 
Enemies: a Measure Much recommended by His Majesty's 

I have forgot to answer the Paragraph of Your Letter respect- 
ing the Cloathing some Time ago sent up to the Posts. I think 
it very right that every thing which remains should be delivered 

1 Captain William Murray, of the 42d regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 549 

over to the Commissarys. to which Purpose I inclose You An 
Order which May be forwarded from Post to Post. 
I Am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s : Gage 

You will be so good 
when the Commissary gets to Missilimakinak, 
to acquaint Major Rogers to incurr no 
more expences, and that you will answer 
no More Draughts from him. 

T: G: 

S R . W M . Johnson Bart. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 356, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire : a letter of May 1 2th from Daniel 
Campbell, Schenectady, mentioning an order for rum and nails, 
an inclosed account for iron and steel, Indian corn for sale 
and Mr Rivington's failure ; one of the 1 2th from Robert Leake, 
New York, saying that he has paid Mr Croghan's draft in favor of 
Lawrence & French, asking that orders for provisions may be sent early 
and mentioning Captain Johnson's conversation and the slight prospect 
of a paper currency on the plan proposed in New York; John B. V. 
Eps's bill to Sir William Johnson for transportation, the 15th, Schinedy; 
a letter of the 1 5th from R. Cartwright, Albany, recommending Jno. 
Mallet for employment and inquiring about the celebration of St John's 
day; one of the 15th from John Morin Scott, Wm. Smith Jr and Benj'n 
Kissam, New York, relative to the settlement of the Kayaderosseres dis- 
pute with the Indians; and one undated to Mr Wallace, asking that 
he will act as referee in a dispute between Captain Johnson and Major 
Maclean, formerly of the Independents, relating to recruiting affairs. 

550 Sir William Johnson Papers 


15 May 1767 

When we were at Albany the last Summer We received Your 
answer to our Letter relative to the Settlement of the Kaya- 
dorosseres Dispute with the Indians. The Difficulties that arose 
upon the method proposed for secureg them against the future 
Claim of Infants, were such as We could not remove; neither 
could we conceive it safe for us to enter into any Engagement 
of that kind for others. This was the Reason why we did not 
answer Your Letter upon the Receipt of it. But from Some 
Intimations lately received we have reason to suppose the In- 
dians are goten to a better Temper than they were, and per- 
haps the application being renewed something may be brought 
About that is practicable on our part and somewhat more rea- 
sonable on theirs. We are well Convinced, that the Proprietors 
will Concur in our last proposal, and execute their part of the 
Agreement as fully as they can each being answerable only for 
himself — Neither do we emagine there can be any objection at 
applying for an act of assembly as You propose to secure the 
Indians against the future Claims of Infants, if such a Step 
should be thought necessary We are heartily disposed to bring 
this matter to a Settlement and if the Indians should be found 
in a Temper to Comply with our Proposals, will at any time be 
ready to execute the agreem*. and Confirm it to the utmost of 
our Power We should be glad to know whether any thing can be 
done by the Time the Court Sets at Albany in June. If the 
Indians agree they may execute the Deed M r . Beekman left with 
you to be delivered to us when we deliver ours to you. 

We are Sir Your most obed 1 . 

Humble Serv 1 * 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 551 

D. S. 1 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall 
the 16 th Day of May 1767 

By the Right Honourable the Lords of the 
Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs 

The Lords of the Committee, this Day took into Considera- 
tion, a Report made by the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations, 2 dated the 12*. of February last, upon a Memorial 
of Sir William Johnson Baronet, Superintendant of Indian 
Affairs, for the Northern District of North America, praying, 
amongst other Particulars, for a Grant of a Certain Tract of 
Land, on the North Side of the Mohawk River, conceeded to 
him by the Indians of that Nation, and the said Report not con- 
taining Information sufficient to enable the Committee to give any 
Opinion to His Majesty, with respect to Granting the said Lands 
— Their Lordships are hereby pleased to referr the said Report 
back to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and plantations, 
in Order for them to Report their opinion to this Committee, upon 
the authenticity of the said Grant made to Sir William Johnson, 
and to ascertain in the best manner they are able, the Situation 
of the Land Granted, and whether any, and what part of the 
said Lands so Granted to Sir William Johnson, lie within the 
Lands reserved to the Indians for Hunting Grounds, by the 
Proclamation of the 7 th . of October 1763, or by any Compact 
at any time made with them, together with any other circum- 
stances they may think proper or Necessary, for the Information 
of the Committee upon this Occasion. 

Phil: Sharpe 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 323.24. p. 301, London, England. 

2 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:896-99. 

552 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INDORSED: Plans General 

Order of the Lords of the 
Commee of C°. dated May 16. 
1 767, referring back a Report 
of this Board upon a Mem', 
of S r . W m . Johnson, for their 
Lordships opinion respecting 
the Authenticity of the 
Grant therein mentioned, 
& the situation & other 
Circumstances of the 
Land Granted. 
Reced / | 767 

Read June 1 1 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 356-57, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of May 16th from Jno. Monier, 
Albany, concerning an account with the post office sent some time ago ; 
one of the 19th from Allan McDougall, Coghnawage, concerning articles 
sent up by Mr Wetherhead, McDougall's expected journey to Detroit 
and an account of charges for goods sent to Johnson Hall ; one of the 
19th from William Gamble, Schenectady, recommending Mr Mallet, 
who is willing to settle in Johnstown and mentioning the next lodge night; 
one of the 20th to Lieutenant Governor Penn, acquainting with the 
success of his conference with the Six Nations at the German flatts, 
relative to the boundary line desired by Pennsylvania and Maryland; one 
of the 20th to General Gage, concerning the conference with the Indians 
relative to the divisional line of Pensilvania and Maryland, peace 
established between the Six Nations and the Cherokees, the murder of 
squaws at Detroit, expenses of the service, a present made by Lieutenant 
Governor Carleton to Indians, the conduct of the Canadians in the west, 
the results of unregulated trade, the complaint against Commissary Hay, 
Governor Carleton's insinuation against the commissaries and letters to 
Major Rogers and Henry Cuyler (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:853— 
55; Q, 2:496-97) ; one of the 21st from Captain Wm. Howard, New 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 553 

York, reminding that his Indian accounts have not been paid and asking 
an order on Captain Maturin; one of the 24th from H. Cuyler, Albany, 
saying that he will inform Johnson as soon as he receives money from 
the General; one of the 25th from John Wetherhead, New York, about 
an order which he will fill and surveying instruments which will be 
sent by the Albany sloop to the address of Mr Cartwright; of the 25th, 
Michilimakanac, an account of goods given to the several Indian nations 
in the district of Michilimacanac, purchased of Stephen Groesbeck by 
order of Robert Rogers, with Groesbeck's order to pay Farril & Habbit 
(Henry, Farrell & Abbot). 


Si. 1-. O. 

New York May 25 th . 1767. 

Since I had the honor of addressing you by Cap'. Johnson, 
I have received two Letters from the Secretary of the Society — 
In the first, he says, "The Society will very readily appoint a 
missionary for Schenectady, when a proper person is recom- 
mended, provided the Gentleman of that place will engage to 
allow him thirty pounds Sterling p r Annum." — In this Second, 
he says ' The Severity of the weather having prevented me for 
some time from an opportunity of sending my Letter of the 7 th ; 
I can now inform you that the Society very readily concur in 
S r William Johnson's Scheme of appointing Missionaries and 
Catechists under them for the Mohawks and Oneidas, as soon 
as proper persons can be procured; and request the favor of 
you and M r Ogilvie to give your Assistance to Sir William in 
carrying this plan into execution ; and to consider whether any of 
the graver and more approved Clergy in your Neighborhood 
might be induced to undertake that employment if a larger 
Salary then usual was allowed. The Success will depend upon 
the prudence, diligence, and Exemplariness of the Persons em- 
ployed: The Society so heartily adopt this Scheme, that I am 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

554 Sir William Johnson Papers 

confident, They will do every thing that can be expected for 
their encouragement.' ' The only difficulty now in the way, is 
to find out two Clergymen, that are qualified for the Undertak- 
ing. I must confess I know not where to find them: however 
M r Ogilvie and myself will be looking about us, and do every 
thing that we can to establish the Society's plan. 

I find D r Smith has wrote to you — I dare say his plan is 
more extensive, than the one already agreed to — In time a 
more general plan may take place; but, at present, the one pro- 
posed, is quite sufficient for a beginning, in my opinion. 

I shall most readily concur with you in any measure you may 
think still necessary to take in this Affair ; and shall do every thing 
in my power to procure such Clergymen as are wanted. 

I have only to add — That I am with great 
respect, and sincere regard, Sir, Your 
Much Obliged and, 
Most Obedient h ble serv 1 

Samuel Auchmuty 
Sir William Johnson. 

INDORSED: New York May 25 th . 1767 

Doctor Auchmutys letter 
rec d . 8 th . June 


A. L. S. 

Schoha[re May 25, 1767] 
Honourable Sir 
& Worthy Br r . 

By taking [ ] of your 

Worth and Abilities, they freely [bespeak ] 

my Presumption. Since my arrival in this [ 
is about two Years) I have been Employ'd in Delivering | 
Instructions to the Youth, but employment don't 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 555 

Occasioned by Divisions prevailing respecting the Language they 
would have taught. Notwithstanding my earnest Endeavours, 
for want of Encouragement I am but poor. Should there be a 
View of encouragement at your place, for a Tutor (whose Cre- 
dentials from the place of his Birth in England, and other wise, 
will Establish favourable Alligations) I humbly Intreat your 
Interest; as well as your kind information by the Bearer, I like- 
wise Intreat your linity respecting this freedom and trouble, not 
doubting your generous Compliance, as the immutable law of 
reason gives the Noble mind a rule in their Breast, which is Sub- 
servant to Br-ly love, from which Motion Nature is beautified 
with an ingenious Simplicity, fill'd with pure gratitude, an Affec- 
tionate desire to Sincere Benevolence, founded upon Reality, to 
do good where distress can't recompense. Should you be 

] me, Captains Buttler & Fry [ ] my Capacity 

& Character — 

]ld gladly embrace an Appertunity to 
] , what this trouble may deminish — 
and requests to remain 
Hon ble . Sir 

Your Hon rs . most Obledient and 
most humble Servant 

James Collins 


The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson 
Esq r Kn l . & c . & c . 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 357—59, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of May 26th from Daniel Camp- 
bell, Skenectady, about an order which he is filling, and one Captain 
Stevens, who is going up to Fort Stanwix "to dismantle the garrison;" 
one of the 29th from William Hanna, Schenectady, expressing thankful- 
ness for a favor and saying that he is acquainting himself with the for- 
malities and proceedings of the court and designs to settle jn Schenectady 

556 Sir William Johnson Papers 

(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:373-74; Q, 4:236) ; one of the 29th to 
Sir Henry Moore, concerning the county militia and its division into 
regiments, offering a scheme of division and proposing names of officers, 
also discussing the formation of a new county and mentioning the evils 
of tippling houses and gates, and Colonel Grant's reception by the 
Indians at the German flatts; one of the 29th to Governor Henry Moore 
on the fraud and informality of Maybe's Indian deed and the indignation 
of the Conajoharees; one of the 30th to J. Watts, concerning a money 
affair, an unfounded report that Johnson will take the posts under his care, 
a report that he is to be removed from office, the malice of Mr Smith 
and others and the difficulties attending the Indian conference at the Ger- 
man flatts; one of the 30th to the Earl of Shelburne, declaring hi3 
gratitude to the King for his royal intentions and mentioning the congress 
at the German flatts regarding the division line over the Allegany moun- 
tains, the need of a plan for correcting abuses complained of by the Indians, 
the irregular and insidious practices of Canadian traders, and the con- 
sequences of ill regulated traffic (printed in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y., 7:928—30) ; also under returns of the regiment of Albany county 
militia, Sir William Johnson, Colonel, return of companies in Albany 
battalion of militia which want officers and names of persons recommended 
to fill vancancies (Canceled); and under return of the 1st (Albany) 
battalion, containing the names of officers and number of sergeants and of 
rank and file of each company, May 18, 1767, the following: Captain 
Abraham C. Cuyler's grenadier company, May 1, 1 767, Albany; Captain 
Joacham Staats's company, from the east side; Captain Jeremiah Hoge- 
boom's company; Captain Frederick Kortz's company, May 12, 1767, 
East Camp; Captain John Wennee's (Winne's) company. May 4, 
1767; Captain Jacobus Van Alen's company, Kinderhook; Captain 
Fraens Claevw Jr's company, May 13, 1767, Kinderhoeck; Captain 
Hendrick M. Roseboom's company, May 7, 1767, Albany; Captain 
Cornelus Dubois's company, April 9, 1767, Caskill; Captain Johannis 
Hogeboom's company, May 13, 1767, Claverack; Captain Johannis Van 
Hoesen's company, May 9, 1767, Claverack; Captain Marte Helen- 
beck's company; Captain Bernardus Bratt's company, in the first ward 
in the city, Albany; Captain Jacob Halenbeck's company; Captain 
Rycart Van Vranka's company, in the colony of Ranselars Wyck, May 
7, 1767, Albany; Lieutenant John M. Veeder's company, in the colony 
of Rencelarswick ; Captain Abraham Van Aernam's company, in the 
colony Rensselaer Wyck; also under return of the 2d (Schenectady) 
battalion containing names of officers and number of rank and file of each 
company, the following: Captain Jacob Sternberger's company, May 2, 
1767, Schohare; Captain Gerrit A. Lansing's (2d Schenectady) com- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 557 

pany; Captain Nicholas Groot's company, May 19, 1767, Schend'y; 
Captain John Glen Jun'r's troop of Light Horse, May 7, 1 767, Schonec- 
tady; Captain John Duncan's grenadier company, May 11,1 767, Sch'dy ; 
Captain Thomas Ackeson's company; Captain Andries Truex's com- 
pany, April 29, 1767, Schonechtady ; Captain Conrad Frank's com- 
pany, May 8, 1767; Captain Marx Petry's company, May 9, 1767, 
Bornets Field; Captain Daniel Campbell's company, May 12, 1767, 
Schenectady; and Captain John Sanders's company (the foregoing re- 
turns are printed in the third report of the State Historian, p. 800-84.) 


L. S. 

[Miamies, Mai, 1767] 

I ] 

aujourd huy [anglois ] d'Eaudevie, a qui tu 

[permets, disent — ] lis de venir dans [Notre village] avec 

quantite d'Eaudevie [ ] Nous avons la douleur 

[de voir] arriver jcy deux Berge[s] C[hargees] d'Eaudevie, 

sans avoir de q[uoi] Nous traiter seulement une [pauvre] de 

Mitasse; — 

Le divorce que Cause Ces Eaudevies, Nous fait prier d'av[oir] 
pitie de Nous, de Nos f mes et de Nos Enfants — 
Nous te demandons au Nom de tout le village de Ne point 
permettre aux anglois Comme aux francois d'en apporter 
d'avantage, — 

Nous ne Nous opposons pas que tes Enfants viennent En traite 
jcy au Contraire, Mais sans Eaudevie, — Ceux de Nous qui 
voudront boire Jront En Chercher Chez toy mon pere, 

[ _ ] 

[II serait] facheux mon pere [qu'ils arrivass] ent quelques 
accidents [aux en]fants dans Notre Village, [que?] Nous 
avons, et ne pouvons [vivr]e dans la Boisson, [puis] qu'il Est 
vray que'ntre nous, nous Nous tuons, Voila mon pere Ce que 
Nous avions a te prier, et de Crainte que tu ne pense que Ce Ne 
soit pas nous memes, — Maisonville te dira mon pere que C'est 

558 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Notre demande, Nous mettons Nos marques tous d'eux, pour 
que tu N'impute rien a qui que Ce soitt, — 
Marque T du gros loup; 

marque S du petit sot 

Monsieur le Comd 1 , 
au detroit 
au detroit 


Today [Englishmen ] of brandy to whom you 

[have given permission] they [say] to come into [our village] 

with a quantity of brandy We are grieved 

[to see] arriving here two barges [laden] with brandy without 

having enough to treat us to even a miserable half glass. 

The dissension which these brandies cause makes us beg you 
to have pity on us, on our wives and on our children. 

We ask you in the name of the whole village not to permit 
the English or the French to bring us any more of it. 

We are not opposed to your children's coming here to barter. 
On the contrary; but without brandy. Those of us who will 
want to drink will go after it to your place, my father. 

[ ] 

[It would be] unfortunate, my father [if] some accident 
[happened to the] children in our village [which] we have and 
we can not [live] in drink, [since] it is true that among our- 
selves we kill one another. 

This, my father, is what we had to beg of you and for fear 
that you may think that it is not ourselves (who ask it), 
Maisonville will tell you, my father, that it is our (own) request. 
We both make our marks, in order that you may impute nothing 
to any one 

The mark of The mark of 

le petit sot 

le gros loup 
ADDRESSED: To the Commander 

at Detroit 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 559 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 359, are entered the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire : a letter of June 1 from Captain G. Maturin, 
New York, to say that he will send by Captains Campbell and Lee to 
Henry Cuyler of Albany £5484, 6s, Id for Johnson; one of the 1st 
to Lieutenant Governor Carleton, discussing the loyalty of the King's 
French Canadian subjects, distinguishing between French merchants in 
towns and roving traders, considering the general interest of the colonies 
in the Indian trade, vindicating his own disinterestedness, defending the 
commissaries, particularly* Mr Hay at Detroit, against charges, and 
promising a fair inquiry ; of the 1 st, New York, a list of sums transmitted 
to Johnson per Captain Campbell by Captain Maturin, £5484, 6s 7d; a 
letter of the 1 st to Mr. Wetherhead about letters, Rivington's mis- 
fortune, orders to be filled, money to be paid to Captain Gilbert Tice 
of Schenectady, a land affair in which Wetherhead and Mr Kempe are 
interested and the course to which he is bound by official rectitude, also 
the malice of Mr Smith and the appreciative letter of his Majesty's 
principal secretary of state ; of the 1 st, New York, Johnson's receipt to 
Gabriel Maturin for £1008, 17s, 4d in full of disbursements to Indians 
from October 12, 1766, to March 25, 1767, with account appended; 
a duplicate of the foregoing; of the 1st New York, Johnson's receipt to 
Gabriel Maturin for £1732, lis, 1 Od in full of George Croghan's 
expenses and losses when taken prisoner by Indians in 1 765 near the 
Ouabache, account signed by Croghan appended; a duplicate of the 
foregoing; of the 1st Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for £6146, 
9s, 5d for pay of himself and officers and of commissaries, interpreters 
and smiths; duplicate of the foregoing; a letter of the 2d from John 
Wetherhead, New York, regarding an order for metheglin, articles sent 
in care of Captain Tyce of Schenectady, and a package of letters not 
yet received; one of the 3d from Captain Harry Gordon, Albany, con- 
sidering the vanity of ambition other than the desire to perform the 
immediate duty, foreign reports concerning Lord Chatham, Mr Green- 
ville and Lord Hallifax and a land interest in which he is involved. 

560 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. 5. 

[Fort Pitt, June 3, 1767] 

[ l l 

Shawanese, with two partys of 

just returned from War against [ Indians. 

Captain Murray and M r [ affairs) 

informed me of several urgent complaints [ ] Dela- 

wares and Six nation Warriors, of repeated [ had 

received, in their passage to, and from War — [ 
settled on the frontiers of Virginia — wherefore 
a meeting of all the Indians, at that Post, and [ ] strict 

Minute enquiry into the matter. 

They earnestly remonstrated to me — That the country west- 
ward of the Allegany Mountains, was their property — That 
they had never ceded it, either to their Father the King of Great 
Britain, or to his Subjects — That the white people contrary 
to solemn engagements and in ] tion of Peace — had 

settled on it and drove the wild Game out of that part of their 
country — which is their antient War path ; and therefore they 
thought, They ought to be supplied with Provisions, whenever 
they pass and repass to, and from War. — They likewise strongly 
represented to me — That the White People who are settled on 
their Lands assured them, They had the King's orders for mak- 
ing settlements there, and that they would not suffer any Indians 
whatever to Pass over or hunt on them — 

Hence great dissatisfaction prevails — and Several Indians of 

[ '] 

] at the same time plainly told me [ 

] was some truth in what the Englishmen 

] "as we know," they said, — You have Laws 

people by wch could if you had a sincere 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 561 

inclination [ ] settling on our country — at least 

until we had sold [ ] Father the King of great Britain, 

which we expected would [ ] before now, as our 

nations have some time ago agreed to a boundary with Sir Wil- 
liam Johnson. 

After this interview, Captain Murray and I had several others 
with them — in order to remove their prejudices and endeavour 
to convince them, that neither His Majesty nor any of his 
Officers, had given the least encouragement to those people to 
settle on their Lands — But on the contrary had taken great 
pains to remove them — we also used every Argument in our 
Power, to explain the difficulties attending the removing such a 
considerable number of Persons settled at such a distance from 
the seat of Government, and assured them, that speedy Methods 
should be made use of, to procure them proper satisfaction — 
for such Hostilities, as on enquiry, had been unjustly committed 
on them; and concluded with insisting, as a proof of thei 
desire for [ 


]se occasions were over, [ 
" two days to consider on what you [ 
Meetings we have had with you[ 
been spilt, by your people — in our own country [ 
to convince you, of our Love of Peace and d[ 
friendship with our Father, the King of England, his [ 
We have agreed in council, to follow your [ ] and [ 

Untill we hear from Sir William Johnson, and the King [ 
We desire however that you will as soon as possible pl[ainly 
make them acquainted with all we have told you, for [ 
shall immediately return to our Villages and keep things quie 
there, untill we hear again from you." 

Whilst I was at Fort pitt, I received a Letter from one 
Maisonville — a french-man, who lives at Wiotanan, informing 
me that the Indians at the Illinois & on the Wabache, were 

1 Several lines missing. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

peace disposed, and had began to trade with the 

English, — he likewise informs me, that great Numbers of distant 
Tribes were preparing to visit the commanding Officer at Fort 
Chartres, and began to traffic with the Traders. 

i [ 


Geo. Crog[ 


The Honourable Sir William Johnson Barronet 
His Majesty's sole Agent, and Superintendant 
of Indian Affairs in the Northern District of 
North America 

INDORSED: George Croghan Esq r . 
His Report — 

Fort Pitt June 3 d . 1 767 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 360, are entered two letters which were 
destroyed by fire: one of June 4th to Benj. Kissam, stating the result 
of a conference with the Mohawks held for the settlement of the Kaya- 
derosseras dispute, and one of the 6th to Sir Henry Moore, giving proofs 
of the irregular and fraudulent character of the deed obtained by Maybe 
from the Conajohareas. 


L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall June 6 th . 1767 
Dear Sir 

I embrace this opertunity by L'. George Phyn an Acquaint- 
ance of Mine, & a deserving Young Gentleman (now going to 

1 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 21670. p. 15, London, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 563 

Join His Regiment at Pensacola) of paying you my respects, 
and congratulating you on your promotion. 

As He is this Moment setting of, must refer you to him for 
the News in this Quarter and beg you will beleive me to be with 
the warmest wishes for y r . prosperity. 

Dear Sir 
Your Most Obedient 

& verry Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
Brig r . Gen l . Haldiman 

INDORSED: S r . W m . Johnson du 
6 e . Juin 1 767. recue 
le 1 4°. Mars. 1 768. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 360—61, are listed the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of June 7th from Captain Gavin 
Cochrane, London, saying that he hopes to buy and settle in Sir Wil- 
liam's neighborhood, mentioning Johnson's public services, vindicating 
Indians against the term "savages" and discussing the newly discovered 
Patagonians; one of the 7th from John Wetherhead, New York, about 
honey and metheglin, surveying instruments, Mr M'Dougall and an affair 
at Detroit in which Wetherhead has been villainously used and which 
compels him to ask a business accommodation of Johnson; one of the 
7th from Joseph Winn, Nottingham, West, N. H., inquiring about his 
son, Micaiah, who was wounded and captured at Fort William Henry 
in 1757; one of the 10th from John Glen Jun'r, Schonectady, about 
paying Mr ONiel and a certificate that must be produced; one of the 
1 0th from Daniel Campbell, Schenectady, about an article which he is 
sending up by ONeal and money for Johnson in the hands of Abraham 
Cuyler; one of the 10th from R. Cartwright, Albany, advising of money 
in the hands of Abraham Cuyler and asking acceptance of an invitation 
from the lodge to attend the observance of St John's day ; one of the 1 2th 
to Captain Maturin, acknowledging a letter and sending receipts for money 
transmitted by the hands of Captain Campbell ; one of the 1 2th to 
General Gage, acknowledging a letter, speaking of a murder committed at 
(Detroit) and discussing Lieutenant Governor Carleton's extraordinary 

564 Sir William Johnson Papers 

attitude toward Indian commissaries and traders, the complaint against Mr 
Hay, the murder of Jadot and other ill consequences of a lawless Indian 
trade, and violations of the restrictions at Toronto and elsewhere along 
the north shore of Ontario (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:885—57; Q, 
2:497—98); of the 12th Captain John Johnston's account against Sir 
William Johnson — £105, 17s, 9d. ; and of the 12th Captain John 
Johnston's account against Sir William Johnson for vinegar, horse hire, etc. 
(accompanying the foregoing, in which it is included as one of the items). 

A. L. S. 1 

June 12. 

I am directed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations to desire the favour of your attendance at their Board 
on friday next the 1 6 th Instant, and that you will bring with you 
such proofs as you may have in your possession of the authenticity 
of the Grant of Lands made to your Father by the Mohawks in 
the year 1 760. 

I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant 

John Pownall. 

To Sir John Johnson 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 361, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire : a letter of the 1 3th from James Syme, London, 
acquainting with the formation of a partnership with Christopher Kilby 
and soliciting business favors; one of the 15th from Hugh Wallace, New 
York, concerning money which Major Goreham expects to receive and 
Lieutenant Galland, who will reside at Fort Stanwix and is in need of 
some assistance; one of the 15th from John Wetherhead, New York, 
regarding letters detained, Mr Kempe, the "Falsity to Billy Smith's 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 324.18. p. 170, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 565 

Report," corn which he will try to obtain in the Jerseys, the expected 
return of Sir John, a loan requested, Mr Kelly's estate and Mrs Wether- 
head's relation to the property; one of the 15th from Thos. Ellis, Conard 
Clocks, about means which Baxter has taken to distress him and a favor, 
in Johnson's power, the granting of which will relieve the situation; and 
of the I 6th Sir William Johnson's account current with Daniel Campbell. 


A. L. S. 1 

Albany Jane 17 [10?] 1767 

I am ordered by the lodge to send their best compliments to 
you and the rest of the brethern and request their company St. 
John's day. I should be extremely glad that you would let me 
know if you do come sometime before. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 361, are entered the following papers 
which were destroyed by fire: Sir William Johnson in account with John 
Wetherhead for sundries £186, 10s, 7d., the 19th, New York; Charles 
Bordman's bill to Wetherhead for 591 bushels of Indian corn, receipted 
(charged to Johnson in Wetherhead's account of same date), the 19th 
N York; a letter of the 20th from Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, 
Philada., about an account against the Crown for sundries supplied at 
Fort Augusta; one of the 20th from Hugh Wallace, New York, ask- 
ing for a draft or cash transmitted by some safe hand and mentioning 
Major Goreham's need of an advance of £300; one of the 20th from 
John Wetherhead, New York, on a shipment of Indian corn, its scarcity, 
pressure of business, also ale and hyson tea which he sends. 

1 Extract made by Rev. Wolcott W. Ellsworth, of Johnstown, N. Y., 
before the fire; the original was destroyed. 

566 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 1 

Whitehall 20 th . June 1767 

(N°. 4) 

Your Letters of the 15 th : Jany. 2 and 1 st : April 3 have been 
laid before the King, and it is with Pleasure I am again to signify 
to you His Majesty's entire Approbation of your Conduct, and 
His Reliance on your Prudence and Ability to prevent the 
growth of Abuses in your Department, till the System of Regu- 
lations which I mentioned to you in my former Letters can be 
finally settled. This is a measure of so great Importance as to 
require the utmost Deliberation in the Course of which all Infor- 
mations transmitted by you will be duly attended to. 

An Exception to ihe Rules observed in the other Provinces 
might I should think be safely allowed, till a final Arrangement 
can be taken in favor of the Traders from Canada, who as you 
observe in your Letter to me of 16 th : Dec r . 1 766/ might be 
permitted to go North of the Ottawa River & the Lakes Superior, 
Huron and Michigan, under proper Restrictions & Recog- 
nizances. Governor Carleton indeed is so much convinced 
of the necessity of this, that, he is of Opinion the Trade of 
Canada will be very materially prejudiced in case the same 
Liberty of Trading up the Rivers is not granted to the Inhabit- 
ants of that Province under proper Restrictions, as was allowed 
them under the Government of the French, when as he says it 
was usual to carry Goods in Canoes many hundred Leagues 
beyond Michilimackinac. If M r . Carleton has not been mis- 
informed in this Account, it is very certain that many advan- 
tages may be obtained by extending our Commerce among those 
Savages who reside at a Distance too great to allow their visit- 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.225. p. 24, London, England. 

2 In Doc Rel, to Col. Hist. N. Y.. 7:891-94. 
"Idem, 7:913-15. 

* Idem, 7:880-83, 

4 -±r ;» . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 567 

ing, much less Trading with our Posts. As he wishes to give 
you the fullest Intelligence of every thing respecting the Indian 
Trade in his Province and is very desirous of receiving the Infor- 
mation which your Experience enables you to give in Matters of 
which you are so fully Master, I have recommended to him to 
correspond very regularly with you. 

It appears to me, from the fullest Attention I have been able 
to give the Subject, that the Abuses committed in the Indian 
Trade and the Disorders in the Back Settlements have had their 
Source principally in the fraudulent Purchases and Grants from 
the Natives, which have so long been suffered, and even coun- 
tenanced in too many Instances by His Majesty's Governors, 
from shamefull Motives of self Interest very unbecoming their 
Station; And it is with Concern I observe that there are some late 
Instances of the like pernicious, though I hope uncountenanced, 
Practices. The Settlements lately projected near the Ohio by 
Persons from Maryland and Virginia, as appears by your last 
Letter, and that of the 15 th : Jan?. 1 to the Board of Trade, are 
injurious to the Indians, so detrimental to the Interests of His 
Majesty's Provinces, and such an audacious Defiance of his 
Royal Authority repeatedly signified both in Proclamations, and 
Instructions to His Governors and Superintendants, that they can 
by no means be permitted ; and every Attempt towards the mak- 
ing of them should be speedily checked, and the Design 
effectually prevented. For this purpose Gen'. Gage will chear- 
fully co-operate with you, and will be ready to furnish every 
necessary Assistance. 

Orders will be given to the Governor and Attorney General 
of New York to bring to Trial as soon as possible, the Causes 
depending against certain Persons for Intrusion on the Crown 
Lands &c a : and to terminate without delay the Affair of the 
extravagant Grant of Kayaderosseros. 

I am &c 

Sir William Johnson 

1 In Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 7:894-95. 

568 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 361, are listed the following papers which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of June 21st from Baynton, Wharton & 
Morgan, Philada., asking payment of a draft from Fort Chartres; one of 
the 22d from Peter Krems, for Isaac Paris, Stoneraby, denying any in- 
tention on the part of the highroad commissioners to lay out a road through 
Johnson's cleared land and saying that the course of the road is left to 
Johnson's discretion; one of the 22d from John Wetherhead, New York, 
sending a bill and mentioning the multiplicity of business cares ; and one of 
the 22d from Isaac &c, of Onohoqug, explaining that the "sovereign" 
behavior of their people at Johnson's house was due to the influence of 
rum and thanking for one gallon brought home. 


A. L. S. 1 
Falls of Schuylkill near Philad" 22 d . June 1767 

Worthy & Hon d Sir/ 

I was favored with your truly judicious & obliging Letter, 
dated 14 th . April; & am happy that you approve the general 
Scheme I proposed for propagating Civility & Christianity among 
the Indians. Your long Experience, & natural as well as 
acquired Abilities, render you the best Judge of a Design of 
this Kind; & your Patronage of it promises the fairest of any 
other Circumstance, under Heaven, for its Success. Greatly 
rejoiced, therefore, must we be that your religious Principles as 
well as your Principles of civil Polity, lead you to throw your 
Influence in favor of our Church. 

I took the Liberty, to send to the Archbishop, a Copy of my 
own Letter & your Answer. I would most gladly see the Design 
set on foot under you, & upon the most extensive Plan, not merely 
as an Affair of the Society, but a national Affair, carried on by 
the Society in Trust for the Government & Mother Church of 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 569 

Probably I may be too sanguine, about promoting the Arts 
of civil Life, & reducing the Indians to fixed Habitations. I see 
the full Force of your masterly Remarks on this Head, & did 
not mean that they were to lay aside Hunting, in which they may 
be of great public Service by following their natural Bent. But 
still I could wish to see them settle in Towns & durable Habi- 
tations, & have Property to fix & attach them to us. Hunting 
may be the Trade of the young Men & Warriors in Time of 
Peace, while the Children, the Women & Elderly Men might 
still be employed in civil Arts, Agriculture &c — 

I hope you will keep in View the Grant of the Lands to the 
Society, & send to the good Archbishop the Location of the Land 
I proposed joining the Pennsylvania line Southerly & on the Near 
Side of the Ohio, & also the Location of some Tract, in or near 
your own Country, if it can be had — The Church will reap the 
Benefit of it in after Times, & have Reason to regard your 
Memory for it; & their Interest is sufficient to obtain it, if the 
Matter be not too long delayed. I am glad you have done the 
Society the Honor to become a Member. M r Barton & I wrote 
to them long since on this head. M r Barton's Family, like mine, 
grows so numerous, that he must quit his present Station, & seems 
determined to sollicit a Maryland Living. He is a worthy & 
valuable Man. He says, you have some Thoughts of com- 
mitting to his Care, one or two Youths of Indian Extraction. 
He would certainly educate them with Fidelity & Success, & 
would be glad to undertake it, along with the Education of his 
own Sons, if his Income could be a little increased thereby. Per- 
haps, besides what you might allow, the Society could be induced 
to give something. — 

The next Clergyman adjoining M r Barton is one M r Thom- 
son, a Man whose Politeness, Capacity & other good Qualities 
would make you esteem him. He is about his 28 th . Year, robust 
& hearty, & says if any Thing tolerable could be done for him, 
he is inclined to move to your Parts. He is in all Probability, 
a Man every Way far better qualified than any you can get by 
applying to the Society. M r Croghan knows him. — 

570 Sir William Johnson Papers 

If it should ever fall in your Way to put any Names in any 
good Grant of Lands that may remain, M r Barton & I have each 
of us our 5 or 6 Children, would forward the Settlement, pay 
our Share of Expences, & be thankful for about 1000 A s . for 
each Child — more or less as it might suit. But this only by 
the Bye — 

I have been much indisposed to Day, else I would have wrote 
on several Particulars, but shall soon take some other Oppor- 
tunity. I remain, with the sincerest Esteem both of your public 
& Private Virtues — 

Dear & honored Sir 
Your most affectionate & obliged humble 


William Smith 

P.S. Excuse my bad Paper &c; for I 
have no better Materials at Hand 
To the Hon b,e . SlR W M JOHNSON Bar' 
INDORSED : Schuylkill June 22 d 1 767 

Doctor W m . Smiths 


Egg harbour June 23 d 1767 
Rev. & Dear Sir, 

I wrote you the Week before last from Maidenhead, Sent it 
to New York, and desired my Friend there to put it into the Post 
Office unless he Should have a direct Opportunity to Send it to 
Hartford by a private hand. 

Since that, Joseph Pippy, the Indian Sent last Winter to 
Muskingham is returned. He has been to Sir William Johnson s, 

1 In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 571 

and informs that Sir William is about to hold a very general 
Treaty with the Indians this Summer, far back in their Country, 
which the Muskingham Indians will attend — that a consider- 
able Number of Indians that he Saw in his Journey are well 
disposd to Christianity and propose moving to Muskingham next 
Spring, with a View to hear & attend upon the Gospel, and that 
there will be a general Gathering of the Scatter'd Indians to that 
Post. — that Sir William Says he will assist the Indians, when 
thus collected, to any Ministers they shall chuse — that he can- 
not advise my going this Summer as y e Indians will many of 'em 
be gone to the Treaty, and nothing will properly be Settled in 
Regard to their receiving Christianity, but that next Spring, 
according to present Appearances, will be the Time. 

Joseph is not so judicious as I could wish, but considerable 
flighty. He was the only Interpreter that could go with Mess". 
Beatty & Duffield last Year That introduced his going again, 
and I had no Way to send an other with him. However, I think 
he may in the main be depended upon. I have not yet had an 
Interview with the Gentleman appointed by Synod to transact 
ab l the Journey, but think it probable they will not advise my 
going this Summer. It Seems as if next Spring would be the 
Time; and I cant but think several things appear with a com- 
fortable Aspect. Possibly that may, after all, be the Spot for 
your School, but I dare not be Sanguine. I have not yet heard 
any thing of your first Letter by the Post. — What Posse will it 
be best go out with if we live till next Spring? how many 
Ministers, and who shall they be? The Synod will afford Some 
Assistance towards defraying the Expence. Sir William John- 
son's Recommendation should be had and that of the General 
or Commanding Officer in America, and the Governour of 

I hope to hear what you think of these things, and how Matters 
are with you Soon. 

572 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I left all pretty well at home last Week, Send the kindest 
Salutation to all with you, and remain, 

Rev d . Dear Sir, 

Your most affectionate 

John Brainerd 

The Rev d M r Wheelock 

P. S. The Parents & Relations of the Children with you were 
well a Day ago. 

Please to take a little Care of the inclosd — 

INDORSED: Rev d . Jn°. Brainard 
July 23, 1 767. 
Rec d . Oct'. 30, 1 767. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 362, are entered the following papers, 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of June 23d to Mr Wetherhead, 
regretting and explaining inability to lend a sum of money and men- 
tioning Mr MacDougal, metheglin and honey, Sir John's stay in New 
York and people who wish to settle on Sir William's estate; one of the 
24th to Lieutenant Governor Carleton, considering the interests of Monsr. 
Chabert, the behavior of Frenchmen who are British subjects and the 
true policy toward them; from Whitehall, dated the 26th, a report (copy) 
from the Lords of Trade to the Lords of the Committee of Council for 
plantation affairs, showing that the grant by the Conajoharee Indians to 
Sir William Johnson is not in contravention of any Indian treaty or the 
royal proclamation of 1 763. (printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7:942—43) ; and a letter of the 28th from Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, 
Philada., to say that they send some Lisbon wine, being informed that 
Sir William's physician has advised its use. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 573 

A. L. S. 1 

New York June 28* 1767 
Dear Sir, 

I am favored with your's of 12 th Ins'; and hope what has been 
reported to you concerning the young Man of Detroit, having 
seen the Murther committed at Detroit by the Negro ; will prove 
true, that he may meet with the Punishment he deserves for so 
atrocious a Crime, and thereby Satisfaction be likewise given to 
the Indians. 

It is not possible for me to guess Lieu f Gov r Carleton's Reasons 
for his Correspondence with you relative to the Behavior of the 
Commissarys, or what the Nature of the Complaint against them 
can be ; for I have not heared of any. They must See the Regu- 
lations for the Trade enforced, and I have constantly given 
orders to assist them in their Duty, and must continue to do so, 
till the Regulations are changed of which I have received no 
advice, nor do I believe any Alterations have yet been made 

If the Consequence of the Murther of Jadot and the Indian 
would be the driving in all the straggling French who have 
Seated themselves at the Miamis and on the ouabache it might 
prove of good service. 

I hope Lieu* Gov r . Carleton will give the Necessary orders 
for the Prosecution of the two Traders taken at Toronto, and 
use every Means to prevent the Traders from Canada trading 
on the North Side of Lake Ontario. They used to go to Kente 
as well from Canada as this Province, as I apprehend they still 
take that Route. A List of Traders who went from Fort Pitt 
has been likewise Sent to M r Penn, what he will do I can't say, 
but if the Governors will not assist to put the Laws of Trade in 
Execution, we may as well be without any. 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

574 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r . Croghan will inform you, as he has me of the discontent 
of the Indians at Fort Pitt: which Intelligence I have likewise 
received from Captain Murray 1 They are greatly incensed 
against the People of Virginia who have killed some Indians 
returning from war by the Frontiers of that Province, and the 
Delawares complain loudly for the Loss of their Captain who 
was killed at Cheat River. The Partys have passed by Fort 
Pitt where they have made these Complaints, and threatened 
an open Rupture with Virginia. They were pacified as well 
as it was possible, and advised for the future to avoid the Fron- 
tiers of Virginia, which they said they could not well do at 
Times, as they were often so closely pursued by their Enemies, 
it obliged them to pass those Frontiers very often. With respect 
to the Delaware Cap' Peter who was killed at Cheat River, it 
was partly his own Fault, he was the first Aggressor by Seizing 
the Man's Rum who killed him; and brought on the Quarrell 
between them. But was it otherwise, I see by a Letter from 
L*. Gov r . Fauquiere to Cap 1 . Murray on the Subject, that no 
Satisfaction could be got. 

Cap 1 . Murray is gone to Cheat River, and Redstone Creek 
to remove those Lawless Settlers, and has taken Some Indian 
Chiefs with him. In which I am to hope he will succeed, and 
shew the Indians that it is at least the Inclination of the King and 
his servants to be at Peace with them and do them all the Justice 
in our Power. And if they do at length retaliate upon the Vir- 
ginians, I shall endeavor to keep their Resentment confined there 
only and prevent a general war with all the Provinces as much 
as possible. 

I am with great Regards 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s Gage 
Sir W m . Johnson Bar 1 . 

1 Captain William Murray, of the 42d regiment, commander at Fort 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 575 

INDORSED: New York June 28 th 1767. 

General Gage's letter 
i M r Croghan 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 362, are listed the following papers, 
which were destroyed or badly injured by fire: a letter of June 29th from 
John Wetherhead, New York, regarding corn which he has sent in care 
of Captain Barent Van Allen and some which he can buy at 3s, 9d; 
one of July 1 to General Gage, mentioning a visit from Mr Chabert and 
Lieutenant Carleton, referring to the General the plea of the former for 
permission to trade and informing that the commanding officers at the 
post refuse to issue provisions to the commissaries, officers and smiths 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:857-58; Q, 2:498); one of the 1st 
to Sir H. Moore, relating efforts to restrain the (Mohawk) Indians 
from redressing their wrongs, giving an account of the recent and earlier 
offenses of George Klock against these Indians and urging that he be 
compelled to sign a release to them of lands unjustly held; one of the 
1 st to same, notifying that Johnson will draw on him for £400, 1 s, 6d 
(money for the Oneida purchase) in favor of Mr Banyar and for 
£60, 4s, 6d in favor of Mr Wetherhead, commending Mr Fraser, in- 
forming of the progress of the survey in the Oneida purchase south of 
the Mohawk, also of a survey in the Mohawk country which is very 
advantageous to Mr DuBois and disadvantageous to Jacob Mentes. 


A. L. S. 

[Halifax, July I, 1767] 

I ] 

to gather [ ] Commissi [ 

Affairs in this District by [ 

the Garland, and immediate [ J 

with both Commission and [ ] of the 

Authority by which I am to [ ] 

576 Sir William Johnson Papers 

From the Extraordinary ex[ ] England 

& encouragement of being paid [ ] Leave London 

I was in hopes of having the [ ] accordingly, 

But as Affairs are Circumstance [ ] You are 

pleased to Commence my Pay to be very p [ ] You my 

Sincere thanks for the Indulgence. 

In the Year 1 760 a Peace was made with [ ] in 

this District and the Trade put in the Government [ ] and 

under the Direction of a Commissary General [ ] p r Day, 

and five or Six Deputys, one at each Post at [ ] p r Day. 

this Method Continued for three or four Years and [ | Loss 

of Trade, the Cost of Presents &c made to the Indians [ 
Government paid near two Thousand pounds Sterling 1$ [ 
from that time the Trade has been Open and free, but the [ 
mediate Care of the whole of the Indians under no particular 
The Province has been Obliged to entertain Tribes 
who came [ Halifax or the Out Posts some time on 

Public Business | ] frequently thro' necessity and with 

the same Views have Con[ Annual presents which, 

with mending Armes and other [ ] us has Cost the 

Government upwards of a Thousand [ ] Annum, 

besides Demands of fourteen or fifteen hund [ j Sterling 

made by People who kept Public houses in this place [ 
are now Soliciting at the Board of Trade for payment having 
] ed half a Dollar ^ Day for each Indian who came 
to Town. [ ] Number of Indians in the Nova Scotia 

District have never been [ ] returned the Accounts 

Varying none exceeding 750 that Cari[ ] Arms, nor 

falling short of 500. their residence or Hunting Grounds are in 
the following Districts Viz 1 a Small Tribe at [Pasjsamaquodia, 
a fine Harbour the South West entrance of the [ 
Fundy, and the Western Boundaries of this Province. Next the 
River S l Johns Tribe Opposite to Annopolis Royall a very 

[ ] 

[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 577 

[ ] with a [ ] 

] and Minas are called the [ 

] Places or Posts they come 
] River S l . Johns, Fort Cumberland [ 

] Royall, and Fort Edward at Minas. all of 
] Garrison'd. In the Course of the Summer I 
purpose to | | those places, & hope to Obtain the exact 

Number and Na [ each Tribe — 

The Peninsula Indians particularly those who hunt nigh the 
Coast and in the environs of Halifax have made frequent and 
unnecessary Vissits, and have been Indulged in a Long Con- 
tinuance & Support of Provisions. Since my Arrival here I have 
had between Thirty and Forty who hearing of my Appointment 
came in claimed Provisions & some other Presents ; I acquainted 
them of my Power & the Nature of my Instructions & that they 
must not expect Provisions except called on Public Buisness or 
through absolute necessity. To break Immediately through the 
Custom they have hitherto been used to I think would be rather 
Imprudent. I therefore purchased Provisions Supported them 
for some time and they are now gone to their Different Tribes 
and Appear Satisfied, Yet I expect too frequent Vissits of this 
Sort of which they are to be Broke off by Degrees only, they 
seem to be Pleased with this new Appointment and regulation 
& think they are greatly Honoured in Your Notice of them. I 
shall strictly adhere to my Instructions and punctually Comply 
with the regulations that are now or may hereafter be made in 
the Indian Affairs an Account of their Numbers, heads of Tribes, 
State of their Trade, I shall duly transmit in form together with 
the Accounts of Pay &ca at Different Periods with the proper 

[ ] 

I think there is a Very fair Prospect on this [ 

plan to keep the Indians in Peace and in the English Interist 

| the Accounts in regular form, Secure the Furr Trade, 

& I presume greatly Lessen the Expence to Government. A 

Preist or Missionary is really necessary, It being the first request 

Vol. V — 19 

578 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of most every Indian in the Province and in Case one should not 
be sent from [ ] I hope to have Your Permission to 

provide one from Phil [ ] there is now a Clergyman 

here Just came from Ph [ 

[ ] 

/4. Lit o. 

[Fort Chartres, July 3, J 767] 

[ '] 

] think, he could not Avoid those [ 
hope you will Interest yourself in his behalf, as [ ] he 2 

deserves Favours, and I believe him to be a very honest man, and 
as much of an Englishman as is possible for a Frenchman to be, 
but as you know him better then I — and what directions you 
gave him I need say no more, only refer you to him to know the 
dispotions of the Indians on the Ouabach and the nature of our 

The Indians About here Seem well disposed as also those 
from the Messourie, that have been with me, Many more would 
have been here before this had not the war between these nations, 
the Sakies and Reynards prevented but I am told they are now 
on the way from an Imence distance up the Messourie, I assure 
you I have but little time to myself — their Numbers are beyound 
any thing [ ] conceive, and the Great Lenity always 

| them by the French — they now Expect to [ 
a Veriety of Circumstances [ 

[ '] 

[not de]bauched with L[iquors ] shews 

to receive advice and his Good | ] Me think he 3 will 

become one of the Gr[eatest chiefs] in this country — Voudra 
who was with | | Detroit, was here the other day with 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 Maisonville. 

* Young Dequoney, a new chief. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 579 

some [Indians] from the post, he Says you appointed him 
[Interpreter] at the post, and that he was to have five Hun [dred] 
livers a Year, and wanted me to pay him, b[ut his] not haveing 
it from under your hand, and [your] not mentioning it to me 
I would not pay h[im] which much displeased him, and also 
Flamb[oise] who Expected to be paid as Last year for his 
[ ] Tho. they boath knew I had an Interpreter 

Notwithstanding they Refused the Employ [ Either 

would Gladly Accept it now, but [ ] I am Much 

better Supplyed. I hope [the Smith] will be soon here, or that 
I shall know [whether] is one or no a Comeing, as a Very [good 
one] offers My Comp*. to all friends 

[ ] 

ADDRESSED: On his Majestys Service 


George Croghan Esq r . 
Dep 1 . Superintendant of 
Indian Affairs 

Fort Pitt 


[New York July 3, 1767] 

I had the honor of your Letter of 28 lh . January, in answer to 
mine respecting L f . Roberts draft for £143.10.11 307/365. 
Which you was pleas'd to acquaint me, wou'd be answer'd, soon 
as the acco tt . were given in to the General and the money rec d . 
As it is long since, and probably might have escaped your notice, 
induces me to take this further liberty of again Subscribing myself 
With great respect 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Sampson Simson 
[ | W M . Johnson 

580 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: [ ]sons 

| demanding 

[ ] Ans rd . 

] money was ready 
order — 

A. L. S. 

[Albany, July 4, 1767] 

Inclosed herewith is a written Book which I brought from 
New York a few days since from Sam Williams who desired 
I might send to you — 

I take the opportunity of sending it by a poor Brother, an 
Armourer, who is going your way to see if he can get any Em- 
ployment He wanted recommendation from our L — e, but as 
he is a perfect Stranger we told him he could not possibly expect 
it — He then beg'd I would enquire his character of Garret G. 
Beeckman, present: who really gives him a good one as long as 
he lived in his Neighbourhood, which was about three [ 
— I likewise at his request inclose you a Certificate for [ 
by an Inhabitant of this place — His Masons [ ] be 


[ l 

INDORSED: M r . Gambles Letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 581 


A. L. S. 

[Schenectady July 4, 1767] 

] I had the pleasure of seeing You last at Johnson 
Hall [ ] to show You Cap 1 . M c . Leods Draft in fav r . 

E Pollard [£137:] 17:2 on Our late Co. drawn in Oct r . last 
which I take the [ ] of incloseing herewith A part of 

this Draft M r . M c . Leod [ ] Paid Us & Wrote me 

lately that the Ball ce £89 .1.11 is of an Indian Acco 1 to be paid 
by You; be kind enough to let me know [ ] first Op- 

portunity if I shall enter that Sum to Your Acco' — 
I have the honor to be With very Much respect 
Your most Obed' & much Obligd 

Hum e Serv 1 . 

James Phyn 
| Johnson 


A. L. S. 

New York the 4 July 1767 

[ ] 

[ ] He is, tells me He does not [ 

] person in Albany owes me Money 

] you will be kind enough to Send me 

down what Cash you Can b]y Col Croghan or Some 

other Safe hand, or a Dft on S r H Moore [ ] shall 

suit you the best, but had rather have the Cash provided it be 

equally agreable to you — Only beseeching you Good Sir to 

assist me with as much asyou Conveniently Can Spare for the 

582 Sir William Johnson Papers 

purposes I have before Mentiond to you — which you will give 
me Leave to Assure you, Shall Always be esteemd a perticular 
favour & Shall be ever most gratefully Acknowledged by 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

[ ] ble Sir William Johnson B f 

] of Schenectady he wrote me that He will Send me 
by the first [ ] Dft on you for £52 . 11 . 4 if it Shoud 

be agreeable to me [ ] him my Assent, you will 

therefore be pleased to give [ ] 

[ ] 

A. L. S. 

New York &K July 1767 

I had the Honour of writing you a Letter some time since on 
the Subject of some Money due me on Ace 1 , of Indian Affairs 
in Canada, whilst I transacted Cap 1 . Claus's Business. I am very 
sorry to be under the Necessity of troubling you so often about 
it: and am sensible that the Money would have been paid long 
since, did you know how much I am distress'd about it — It is 
now two Years, I lay out of that Money, and my Ace 1 trans- 
mitted to you in the Fall 1 766 will have prov'd to you that the 
Demand is just. If I recollect myself I told you of this Ballance 
when I was at Johnson Hall last Summer, which you then told 
me should be paid — 

I have never been favour'd with an Answer to any of my 

Letters to you, at present I am so situated with Regard to this, 

that I must beg your Answer by the Return of the Post, & that 

you will order the Ballance [ ] to me at New York 

| already expended more than the sum [ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 583 

waiting about this Affair, and ca[n by] no Means think myself 
well treated by Cap'. Claus — I have the Honour to be 


y r . most obed*. 

& most humble Serv 1 

Hugh Scott 
indorsed: July 5 th . 1767 

L l . Hugh Scotts Letter 
Ans rd . 16 th Ins*. 
Ans rd . 


[Stoningion, July 7, 1767] 


] write to the [ 
fixing y f , he would as soon [ 
Charlestown, and take Such Meas[ 
most likely to establish a School [ 
he be informed that One Edward D[eake 
the Indians themselves for that Leaving [ 
find to converse with him, and if he find him [ 
Person, that he encourage him to continue " &c. [ 
having been in the School there, some Months before | 
the Indians desire. — 

Upon receiving this Advice & Direction from [the Boston? 
Comiss rs . I seasonably went to Charlestown [ 
M e Deake & a number of his Schollars, and [ 
to be in a good Measure qualified for y e . Business [ 
And as he had lived among S d Indians, for a number of [ 
was well acquainted with their Manners, and | how to 

1 Several lines missing. 

584 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Suit their Temper & Disposition, in which had 

gained their Favour & Approbation, I therefore [ 

him the most Suitable person that I could think 

to undertake the Business of a Schoolmaster Among | 

And Accordingly I set him in the School, And A[llowed] 

him his Wages, (Agreable to the particular Direc[ 

the Commiss".) which they Approved of & have [continued] 

ever Since. — thereupon a Represen [ ] was made 

to the Hon Ie Comiss rs of the Indians [ ] to build a 

Schoolhouse upon their Own Land, large [ 

[ ■] 

[ upon it for reasons hereafter — 

Soon [ ] upon M r . Deakes being 

Appoint [ ] about Fourscore Indian Schollars 

at [ ] at Times, above a hundred went to learn 

wore a promissing Aspect, for near a Twelve 
[ ] hope will again. — 

By Means of the Business Assigned Me, as Above, I had a 
fair opp'y presented to offer the Indians a Lecture, which they 
readily accepted of, & Numbers devoutly attended. This was 
very pleasing to the Hon ,e Commiss rs and, under their influence 
Opend a door for my preaching to them a monthly Lecture, 
(which has been Steadily kept up, unless prevented by Sickness 
or Severity of Weather, at fifteen or twenty Miles distance,) 
finding that this poor people not only Needed Instruction, but 
were desirous of it, and very thankfull for any endeavours to 
Serve them, in their Spiritual Interest. — Thus promising were the 
Indian Affairs at Narraganset, for many Months after they fell 
under my Inspection & Care. — 

But the hopefull prospect of Learning & Religious 

] among that people, has been much abated, and | 
progress of Both Obstructed, of late Months, by the [ un] 

happy Disputes and great Uneasinesses, which (Indeed arose 
some years ago, but, have prevaild and greatly increasd among 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


them, on Ace 1 , of their Sachems Selling their Lands : from which 
injurious practice, no [requests 


the account of their difficult [ 
a Letter which is Signd [ 
of their Breth[ren 
poor people, Whom 
Hon le Comiss" [ 
Ability, in their m[ 
whose Welfare [ 
your Excelb [ 
position for their [ 
valuable Concerns, In [ 
you, in Wisdom 



] in behalf 
] nections with that 
] pointment of the 
]to the full of my 
] above mentiond, and for 
| concern'd, Will excuse me to 
newly request your Speedy Inter- 
and Prosperity, in all their 
| a manner & by Such Means as 
] judge most responoble & 
Expedient. — 

With all due Respect, I am Sir, your Excell^* most Obed'. 
& very humble Servant 

Joseph Fish 
Sir William Johnson 


His Excell c y. Sir William Johnson 
Johnston Hall 





586 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Stratford in Connecticut, July 7, 1767. 


The reason of my now writing to you is, that I cannot excuse 
my self from informing you of the very grateful Sense that my 
Son in England hath of the Honour & Advantage you was 
so kind as to do him, in introducing him into the Acquaintance 
of your worthy Son S r . John, of whom he speaks, as being a very 
worthy young Gentleman, & very obliging & useful to him. He 
had not yet in April been able to have his Cause heard by reason 
of the Illness of the president of the Council. 

I beg leave to take this Occasion to inform you that the Min- 
istry cannot be prevailed upon by our great & numerous Friends, 
to give the least Attention to the Important Affair of Bishops in 
America, & that we are told that one Stockton, 2 a Lawyer of 
Jersy, (who, I have reason to believe is employed or desired by 
the presbyterian Synod, to make what Interest he can against 
sending us Bishops), hath intimated that the Earl of Shelbourn 
told him, that it was his Opinion, that there is no manner of Occa- 
sion for any Bishops here. As you S r . probably correspond with 
that Lord, who is said to have the cheif managment of American 
Affairs, I presume humbly to suggest whether you may not think 
proper to endeavour that he, & others who think with him, may 
be convinced of the greatness of their mistake, & the great neces- 
sity of our being provided for. — My Son tells me from the 
Archbishop, (what you may probably be informed of,) that the 
Society much approve of what you propose relative to an Indian 
School, & are endeavouring to put it in Execution. 

Will you now S r . be so good as to excuse my mentioning to 
you a private Affair, at the desire of an honest neighbour, one 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 Richard Stockton, of Princeton, N. J., a signer of the Declaration of 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 587 

Ephraim Nichols of this town, who 2 or 3 years ago, was very 
near being murthered with a Scythe, by his Negro man, named 
pompey, who directly stole his Horse & fled, & he has never 
recovered him. He has heard he was some time ago at Fort 
Augusta with a party of Indians, among whom he is supposed 
still to be pretending to be free, & may perhaps be gone to Gov r . 
Rogers's Dominions. — He is a short, thick, sensible fellow, & 
speaks English well, & can read & write, & is said to forge passes 
in which he calls himself Sam. If any of the Indians know of 
such a fellow, & could secure him, his Master would fully reward 

I am S r . with much Esteem & Regard, 
your most obliged, & 

most obedient humble Serv 1 . 

Samuel Johnson 

INDORSED: Hartford July 7 th . 1 767 — 

Doctor Johnsons' Letter 



[Charlestown, R. /., July 7, 1767] 

i '] 

] your tender [ ]ly and 

pacific ] to healing Measures, 

That he would settle the Affair 

" just and Amicable Manner, 

which Indians were originally at the 

Same time assuring of him [ ] cannot 
Settle it So; your Excell ? Shall (agreably to his Majesties 

1 Several lines missing. 

588 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Instructions & Powers given you,) [ ' to interfere 

& See justice done to y e . injurd." — 

Pleasd, & thankfull for this Seasonable Interposition j | of 

your Excelb. We waited, — hoping that [ 
would be So' far influenc'd by your Advice, [as to com]miserate 
his Tribe, and give them no further [ ] Uneasiness 

or Complaint, by Selling any More of their Lands. — But to our 
Grief, he has proceeded [ ] fore, and Sold all the best of 

the Farms that were | ] and we know not of any thing (as 

Affairs now Stand) to prevent his Selling, even the Lands that 
are [under] our Feet. — By these Means we are brought to great 
Perplexities, and know not what to do — [Unhap]py Divisions 
and Uneasinesses arise and prevail afmong] us: And we are 
under Such Discouragements, [ ] affect our School & 

religious Affairs, as Rev d . M r . Fish (who preaches a Monthly 
Lecture to us,) in his Acco 1 . which accompanys this, has repre- 
sented to y r . Excellency. 

[ '] 

[ ] from Begging [ ] 

together as a Tribe and 

inquietude, attend to and im- 

j that we have, so lately 

] Children taught at School, & 

of be[ Instructed in y e . great Doctrines of y e 

Gospel — [ ] Affairs of our Souls. — And if 

[ ] thing further for Us to do, in Order to 

| the Design above, we shall readily pay our most 

dutifull regards to your Excell c y s Orders. — 

Sir, Your Attention to & favourable Notice of this | 
humble and earnest Request, we shall ever esteem | | all 

Thankfullness, a Very great Additional Fav r . [ the 

Many with which your Excell^ has already distinguished your 
Self, a Friend to your most gratefull and much Obliged hum ,e 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Servants, who, by Appointment & in behalf of our Brethren, the 
Aggrieved part of the Narraganset Tribe, Subscribe our Names, 

Samuel 2 Niles 
John X Shattock 
P.S. We take Liberty to inform 
Excels, that the Hon ,e 
Stephen Hopkins Esq 1 , 
is our present Govern 1- . 

Sir William Johnson — 


A. L. S. 

[New York July 7, 1767] 


] ourable Construction upon it — 

| myself the Honour to write you a few days ago 
desiring you [ | down the Cash by Col Croghan, I now 

begg leave to repeat [ desire — I flatter myself you 

will have received all the things Safe & wanted very much to hear 
whether you woud Chuse to have any more corn the price is now 
3/10 & daily is rising — I wish therefore I coud hear from you 
about it — I have now Sent you the Articles on the other Side 
& the rest shall go by S r John when He arrives — I am Sorry 
the Honey is so bad; the Man that recommended it to me is a 
Rascal for deceiving me However it is a bad time of the Year 
for that Article, in the fall I will send Some I can with more 
Certainty recommend — If Col Croghan Shoud [ 
come down before you get my above Letter — please to Send 
what Cash you Can spare by Some other hand, or a dft on sr 

590 Sir William Johnson Papers 

H Moore — tho I shoud prefer the Cash — I am So plagued 
with Carpentirs, Masons, Painters & most confounded people 
that I scarce know what I write about 

My Wife & myself shall think ourselves happy to have S r 
John [ ] Us — any thing we can do for him or you 

or any of the family Shall [ ] be omitted by 

Sir Your Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


In the New York State Library, is a letter of July 1 1th to General 
Gage, relative to the murder of Captain St Clair's servant by Mississageys 
or Chippawaes at Lake Huron, the attempt of Captain Murray to dis- 
suade the Virginians from settling at Red Stone Creek and Cheat River, 
Mr Croghan's expenses at Fort Pitt and Mr Cole's at the Illinois, and 
deserters who are stirring up trouble about Detroit and Michilimacinac. 
(printed in Doc. Hist N. Y. 2:858-59; Q, 2:499.) 


Johnson Hall July 12* 1767 

Your favor of the 29 th . Ult°. & 4 th . Ins*. I safely reed, — I 
am oblidged to you for y r . kind intentions of providing y e . 
Articles for my Son which I mentioned in a former letter, as He 
will be in great need of them on his arrival at Home. 

I send you by M r . Croghan all y e Money I could possibly 
Muster at present, w h . you will please to give me Credit for. 6c 
beleive me 

Viz' £200.— Sir Y'. Welwisher 

My Complm ,s . & Humble Servant 

to M rs . Wetherhead — W JOHNSON 

1 In Library of the University of Chicago, Chicago. 111. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 591 

P. S. I am entirely a Stranger 
to what Vanseise means by 
a Draft on me, having never 
heard a word of it before, neither 
can I conceive w l . it should be for — 

M R Wetherhead 

Sir William Johnson 1 


A. L. S. 2 

Brookfield, July 13: 1767. 


This waits upon your Excellency with the Resolve of the great 
and general Court of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
relative to the collecting transporting and instructing, three Indian 
Children of y e Six Nations, upon y e Donation of the late Sir 
Peter Warrin for that purpose — and begs your Excellencys 
Patronage ; and favorable direction — I should esteem it a prom- 
ising Circumstance, if the Children might be collected from some 
of those peacable and good families at Onoquage but as there 
is an english School kept there by M r . J Dean, the transmitting 
Children from thence, heither may not so exactly answer the 
generous design of y e Donor, but I submitt this circumstance to 
your Excellencys wisdom and goodness — Tho by the Resolve 
you see that y e Age of y e Children is left discretionary yet it is 
generally thot not best that they shoud be under four nor above 
Ten. If your perticular direction or advice to the Parents or 
Friends shall be necessary to procure their consent to part with 
their Children for y e above said purpose, I know sir you will be 
ready to give it; or do anything that may contribute to y e pro- 
motion of so beneficent a Design, hereby you will serve God 
venerate y e Donor Bless the Indian World & 

Oblige your most Obed f . & very humble 

Servant Eli Forbes 

1 Added later by an unknown hand. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



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Sir William Johnson Papers 

PS In the year 1 762 I had the honor and pleasure to receive a 
mission from y e honorable Board of Commissioners at Boston 
to y e Indians at Onoquagee where I was received very Cordially, 
and contracted a very perticular acquaintance with the good 
Families of y l Town and the two Tuscarores and several of 
them expresed a perticular fondness to send their Children home 
with me, and the Children were as desirous of coming and I 
persuade my self, y f , with your leave, sir, they might be easily 
obtaind from them — but all is submitted &c 


His Excellency William Johnson Bar*. 

Gouvernour of the Six Nation &c 


Fort Johnson 
P r . Favor M r . Dan 1 . Forbes — 

INDORSED : Brookfeild July 1 3 th . 1 767. 

M r . Eli Forbes Letter 

w ,h . an en 



D. S. 

[ ] July 15^. 1767 then [ ] 

W Johnson Bar 1 , the Sum of Eighty one pound [ 

twelve Shillings in full of an Ace", of Hennery Farrel & Abbot 

on Ace 1 , of the Indians last Year at Osswego 


Rob t . Henry & C°. 

INDORSED: Henry Farrel & Abbots 
Receipt for 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 597 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 363, is entered William Edgar's account 
of losses from the Indians at Michelamackanac and other posts in 1763; 
sworn before Captain Geo. Turnbull, 60th regiment, at Detroit, July 
16th, 1767. Destroyed by fire. 


[July 17, 1767] 

I 1 

] Side and on Crossing over I [perceived that] 

Goods had been tossed about in the Boat, and I judged some 
Robery had been Committed and upon going ashore, I found 
things in the following order. Several Boxes of Guns broke 
open, & Keggs of Sundry Merchandize Stove, as it appeared 
with Tomhawks, Several Bales of Matchcoating and Stroud cut 
open, with Sundry other Packages, such as Soap, Flour &c. 
Stove to peices, On the Shore was lying two or three loose Match 
Coats, Some Stroud Cases, a Box of Looking Glasses, a Box 
directed for Edward Cole Esq r . with a large Kettle which had 
been used for Cooking. I forbid any of my People to Plunder 
any thing from the Boat, but told them if there was any Pro- 
visions on Board to take it, as I did not know how I might be 
Circumstanced for the same before I cou'd reach Fort Pitt. 
There was not an Ounce of any kind of Provisions left on Board, 
but I found the Packet which I brought with me, also an Indian 
Powder [ I made fast the Boat to a Tree on the 

Shore, and Goods] together Nailing two Oil Cloths 

[ '] 

The Boat was near half full of ] Flour 

and Soap which had been | | I haul'd her 

out and left her in the | I cou'd, at 

Several lines missing. 

598 Sir William Johnson Papers 

four OClock in the Afternoon. About [ ] above 

the Boat on the same Side, Empties a [ ] and on 

the opposite Side about Three Miles [ ] Boat is a 

large Creek : About Seven Miles abo [ ] Boat on the same 

Shore lay a Bale of White [ ] Half Thicks; One Mile 

farther up lay a Kegg of Pickeld Sturgeon, which my People 
brought on Board my Boat. One half Mile farther up lay a 
Trunk [ ] open, Containing Writing Paper, and 

Crewels, a[ Damaged. One Mile farther lay One 

Bale [ ] at which Place I suppose they had made 

th[ ] as I did not discover any more of the Ruin 

] was no appearance of Blood Shed any | 
Boat or along Shore, I imagine the Pe[ Captivated. 

The Boat lay about | | the Falls. 



New York 20 July 1767 
[Dear] S r . W m . 

On his Excellency's Arrival in Town on Thursday the 16™. 
Instant, he sent for me and paid me £402 . . 1 . . 6 which I think 
is the Sum you mentioned in your Letter to me, which I Have 
not now before me. I shall therefore take the first good Oppor- 
tunity of sending up the Deeds which lies still in the Hands of 
M r . Samuel Jones; the Map I have is doubtless the same with 
your own, which I cannot conveniently spare at this Time or I 
would send it you — We expect the Packet hourly; By the 
Votes of the House of Commons of the 1 5 May — the Gov r . 
Council & assembly of New York are to be prohibited passing 
any Law until they shall have furnished the Troops with the 
Necessaries required by Act of Pari 1 , and his Majesty is ad- 
dressed by the Commons to confer Marks of his Royall Favour 
on such as distinguished themselves in support of his, and the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Authority of Pari 1 , during the late Troubles — I dont find any 
sufR Authority for the particulars mentioned in the Papers of 
last Week relative to the Colonies but it is said there was a Talk 
us — I am much concerned for the accident 
that I hear befell Capt s . Johnson and Claus it is not I hope so 
bad as reported, and that they are before this Time, in a fair 
Way of Recovery I beg my Compliments to them and am 
D r S' William 

Your obed 1 . humble 


G w Banyar 


The Hono ble Sir William 

Johnson Baronet at 
Johnson Hall 

M r . Banyar [ 


ns r 

28 th . 

A. L. S. 

[New York, July 20, 1767] 

my Self the pleasure to Write you from this 
place [ ] Since my arrival here I was In Expectations 

of Sir Johns Company up to Schenectady, as I wrote you he was 
to Come Out in Cap 1 Sinclar in the Amile last Saturday — I 
had the pleasure of Seeing his Comeing into this Port — but 
upon Speaking to One M r Stanton a Lawyor — who lives in the 
Jerseys — he Informed me sir John was in Extraim good health 
— & the day before he left London he din'd in Company with 
him at Lord Adam Gordons — & that Sir John was to Come 
out in Cap 1 Miller in the new Edward — a fine New Ship She 
was not to Sail before the latter End of June, 

600 Sir William Johnson Papers 

This Gentleman Says that the [ ] arfairs — looked 

now \\ orse than Ever & that no [ ] dare Shew their 

face In Behalf of them particularly [ ] New "V orkers 

— & further he Says that it was [ the House Com- 

mons — & was to be put into [ ] 

& in all the Pr[ovinces ] 

Billeting Act — or any Other of the [ ] Britian — 

Shuch is the Confusion & trubles [ ] have brought on 

them Selves — 

Nothing Could give me More Concern then hearing of Cap' 
Johnsons Misfortune of breaking his leg — I hope in God it wont 
indanger his life, as was Reported in this Town I Sincerely 
\\ ish his Speedy Recovery — & am with Great Respect — 

Dear Sir ^1 our most Obt 

& most Hble Ser 1 . 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


A. L. S. 1 

New York 20* July 1767 
D R . Sir, 

I have received your Letter of 1 1 th : July by M r : Croghan, 
and am very sorry to learn of him the misfortune that has hap- 
pened to Lieutenant Johnson, but hope he is in a fair way to 

In my last I wrote you concerning the Murder of Cap 1 S l . 
Clair's Sen-ant on Lake Huron, in which you would also see 
my sentiments concerning the Measures taken with the Chippe- 
was who committed the Murder: but it was too late to stop any 
thing being done at the Detroit. I have since received Letters 

1 In the Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 601 

to 2 1 8l of June, whereby I find the Tribe to whom the Murderers 
belonged, and who had fled on the Occasion had returned to 
their Settlement, planted their Corn, and disowned having any 
Concern in the affair in the strongest Terms. As the Matter 
stands nothing can be done but to stop the Indians, either at 
Oswego or Niagara, and you will be so good to do this, and 
settle how the Affair should be managed in such way as you 
shall Judge best. I inclose you an order to the officers at the 
above Posts, which you will make use of at Pleasure. 

Of the two Accounts you have transmitted me, I shall give 
Orders for the Payment of M r . Croghans which you Say you 
have examined and found just and hope it will be the last to so 
large an Amount. M r Cole's Acc f . is really too considerable 
to be discharged on his Sole Draught; which makes upwards of 
£5000, from his getting to Fort Chartres in the Month of Sep 1 , 
to the Month of March. His Reason for such large Disburse- 
ment is, That such Numbers of Indians come to the Fort, whilst 
the Traders complain that they get no skins, because the Indians 
go to the French Side. Why Expenses should be so enormous 
between Fort Pitt and Fort Chartres, and so much out of Pro- 
portion to what they have been at the Detroit and Missilimakinak 
I realy can't discover, except indeed the Proceedings of the Vir- 
ginians Might create some extraordinary Expences to Satisfy 
the Indians upon the Ohio. I have wrote to Colonel Reed upon 
the Subject of these Expences at Fort Chartres and hope for a 
Satisfactory Answer to my Letters. I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir W m : Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: N York 20 th July 1767 
Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
w ,h an Order to y e . Officers 
at y c . Out Posts 

602 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[New York, July 20, 1767] 


] related: the Amelia [ 
] Johnsons Baggage, w ch . I hear is to 
Darlingtons till his Arrival, w ch . will be 
] t Pacquet that Set out the beginning of June [ 
have by Col°. Campbells 1 Consent got Leave fm Gen 1 . Gage to 
Stay for three Months, before the Expiration of which hope my 
Daughter will be in a Condition to follow [ ] Husband 

w th . me, he being under a Necessity ]ing w*. the 

Reg*. — the Receiver Gen 1 . M r . ] t tells me, if my 

Warrant of Appointment was [ ] in my Hands, he 

could not pay me my Salary [ ] out a Warrant f m . 

the treasury for so doing; [ ] predecessor M r . Marsh 

was oblig'd to obtain it before [ ] any Payment, 

thereupon that must be sollicited [ the tre]asury as the other 

instrument f m . the Secretary of State [ ] I shall have 

time when the Reg', is gone and my [ ] up again to pay 

you a visit & talk over [ ] — I wish you a happy 

Sight of y r Son [ ] Cap 1 Claus & Cap 1 Johnson 

may be restored [ ] to the satisfaction of their 

familys [ ] My Compl ts . and [ ] the 

[ ] [ ] 


the Hon bIe . 

S r . Will m . Johnson Bart 
att Johnson Hall 

1 Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell, of the 1 7th regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 603 


[Neu) yorfe, /u/y 20,] 1767 

I l ] 

] what I wrote you concerning [ 

which is for I know not — the snow Amelia Cap 1 Sinclair 
]day Evening & has brought Adam's Globes, 
which M r Johnson [ ] to write for — I shall Send 

them on board Cap 1 Swits's Sloop, along [ ] John's 

Baggage & 2 Servants which came on board Sinclair — Swits 
] to wait a few Days for the Arrivale of the 
Packett in order that He may have the pleasure of carrying S r 
John up to Albany & I hope He will [ ] here before 

you receive this Letter — whatever things of your Orders 
Remain unsent Shall go by him — I flatter myself you have got 
Safe [ ] the Articles I have Sent you — I will 

endeavour to make up your Account [as] well as I can, but my 
Clerk took with him the particular Bills of Parcells [ 
to lay them before you & to make out the Accounts under your 
own [ insjpection, so that I can only furnish you with the 

gross Sums of the [ ] ds first Sent up — I am very glad 

to hear from Col Croghan that you are [ ] and Health — 

may you long enjoy it & be happy — this is the Sincere [ 

Sir Your most Obed 1 Servant 

John Wetherhead 

Several lines missing. 

604 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

Lancaster, July 22 d . 1 767 — 
Worthy Sir, 

I did myself the Favour to address a few Lines to you by 
Colonel Croghan with Regard to the Lad he mentioned to me 
— The Lad in a few Days after arriv'd ; And I have now the 
Pleasure to assure you that his Behaviour has given me entire 
Satisfaction — He is learning Arithmetick, & the Progress he 
makes is really surprizing. He will soon write a Hand fit for 
any Business — I cannot say much in Favour of his Genius, or 
Quickness of Apprehension; but his Application, which is inde- 
fatigable, makes up for every Deficiency of this Kind — I have 
the most favourable Expectations of him, & shall be very happy 
if I can make him answer yours — No good Offices that I can 
render him shall be wanting, as I wish, thro' him, to convince 
you how sincerely I am disposed to serve you — I should be glad 
the Indians could be prevaild upon to send about a Dozen of 
their most discreet & ingenious Boys to this Place — I should 
take Pleasure in the Education of them; And out of that Num- 
ber I might perhaps be able to pick one to make a Priest of — 
If they could be obtained, the Society would chearfully bear the 
Expence of them — I intend in a little Time to send you a 
Specimen of William's 2 Writing — 

Give me Leave, Sir, to introduce to your Knowledge M r . 
Joseph Simon a worthy honest Jew, & a principal Merchant of 
this place, who has been always employed as Victualer to the 
Troops that have been quarter'd here, & has given general Satis- 
faction — This Gentleman keeps up the Silver Smith's Business, 
& has a Workman well skill'd in making Indian Trinkets — If 
you should at any Time be pleas'd to employ him, he will be 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 
- Son of Sir William. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 605 

grateful for the Favour, & I am persuaded will study to serve 
you faithfully — 

I hope soon to have the pleasure of writing you more fully — 
In the mean Time, allow me to assure you, that it shall be the 
Endeavour of my Life to manifest that Friendship & Esteem, 
with which I have the Honour to be. 

Your most obedient & most affectionate hum le Serv*. 

Tho Barton 
Sir William Johnson, Baronet 

INDORSED: Lancaster July 22 d . 1767 

Doctor Bartons letter 

A. L. S. 

[New York 23 July 1767] 

[ 1 

]ing for Sundry Packages On Account of [ 

Johnson also two Servants Viz a Coachman & a B[lack 

wch he desir d I would forward to Albany directly the Vessell 

began to Unload on Wednesday when I procurd [a] Sloop to 

take them up, Col: Croghan applyd for them and intended to 

let them remain here untill Sir Johns Arrival, but as the Goods 

were Consignd to me to be forwarded & I had Engaged to Ship 

them I hope it may not be disagreable to you, I have deliverd the 

Receipt of Volkert Dawson the Skipper to the Coachman, that 

he may get the Goods when he arrives at Albany & take them 

up with him, the pakages are markd & Numberd as at the foot 

hereof wch wish Safe to your hands the freight from London 

Amounting to Fifty five pds thirteen Shillings & 9 d Currency 

wch I am to pay M r Murray, Wishing you a pleasant Sight of 

Several lines missing. 

606 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sir John as the Packetts Hourly Expected I Remain with the 
Compliments of my Wife & Family 

Y rs at Command 

William Darlington 
] Seven Cases 
] Case 
] Bale 
] Bundle 
] Boxes 



The Hon ble Sir William Johnson B l 

Johnson Hall 
with a Barrell directed 
on board Capt Ten Eyck 


A. L. S. 

Albany July 23" 1 . 1767 

I have at length obtain'd from the different Officers of Capt n . 
Van Aernam's Company an Ace 1 , of the Names of the men 
Belonging to that Company; the Transcript whereof is herein 
Enclosed, which I wish safe to your hands, and remain with 
unfeign'd regard 


Your Honor's 

most obedient 

humble Servant 

Isaac Swits 
To the Hon ble Sir WlLLIAM JOHNSON Bar 1 - 
Coll°. of the Militia of the County of Albany &c. &c. &c. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 607 

indorsed: Alby. 23 d . July 1 767 
Major Swits' Letter 
w th . a Return of Cap 1 . 
Van Arnams Company 


New York 24 July 1767 

I ] 

] Accounts before — I have likewise Sent a 

Barrell [ ] Croghan ordered me to Send, I think to 

M r Johnson, but Cant be [ ] whether it was for you or him 

Sir John does not come in the [ ] first packett, but in the 

packett after it, or else on board the Edward 
I am with Sincere Esteem 

Sir Your very Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
On verso: 6 p r . Shoes 

A. L. S. 

Monday AM. 9 oClock July 27 — 1767 

[ '] 

any moment Expected, this Information I have from M r Henry 

Cuyler who has Letters from London As this Oppertunity 

Offered I thought it my duty to let you know it, in Case any 

1 Several lines missing. 

608 Sir William Johnson Papers 

baggage or any thing Arives here Shall take Care to forward 
it and Am with the Greatest respect 

Hon'd Sir 

Your most hum ,e . Obed 1 Serv 1 

R. Cartwright 


The Hon le Sir William Johnson Baro* 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: July 27 th 1767 — 

Jrtwrights Letter 


New York 28 July 1767 

1 . '] 

] get time to make out your Account 

] Sent up — but while a Man is opening fresh 
Goods — it is [ ] or anything but atend the Women 

Excuse me therefore S r William [ ] longer & believe me 

to be most Sincerely 

Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

When you have an opportunity do be pleased to forward the 
Enclosd Letter [ ] M r Roberts, which I have received 

from Ireland along with an old family Ring which have delivered 
to Col Croghan in order to give you, please to take Care of 

[ I 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 609 



New York 2S h July 1767 
M r . John Weatherhead 

Bought of Gilbert Forbes 
100". 10d Nails" 

100". 12 d d°l300» at 8|/2 d £10.. 12.. 6 

100». 20 d d° M 

Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall July 29, 1767] 

I 1 

[ Coll] Vanslyke [ ] Mer 

it as the generality but as he is now far advanced [in ye]ars 
I did not think of proposing any preferrment for him when I 
formerly wrote on the Subject, besides I was of opinion that 
at M r Vanslykes time of Life, he would (like most of y e People 
here) be very indifferent about an Office which might create 
him some trouble but could be productive of no advantage; — 

It were better (altho' seldom hitherto attended to) that pre- 
ferrment went regularly according to Rank but this cannot in 
my humble opinion be always the Case in a Young Country 
especially, where many persons have (thro' the want of better,) 
obtained posts of some Rank from wch they cannot reasonably 
expect farther Advancement, should others offer who possess 
Superior Advantages, this would however be a more delicate 
point, were the people ambitious of [ ] Rank. — I am 

persuaded my Son would not chuse [ ]tion which would 

give the Least umbrage to | | any other person & indeed 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Several lines missing. 

Vol. V— 20 

610 Sir William Johnson Papers 

there can be no [ ] but that his Youth & Character 

[ ] 

[ ] keeping [ ] I shall 

be glad to receive your C[ommands] this, & am pleased to 
find the rest of ] recommendations have not been 

disapp[ ] they were meant for the advantage of the 


I sent Sometime Since the (Copys of) Deposf 
of Some persons concerning the Conajoharee affair [ 
I have been Sundry times Since applied to by the Indians thereon. 
Many particulars can be strengthened] by my own Testimony 
as well as by others, if m[ ] be necessary for taking 

proper Steps to punish the[se ] troublesome people — The 

Execution of the Ind n [deed] w th . out any previous applica- 
tion to government & Subsequent to so many Royal & other 
Orders [to the] Contrary, & this acknowledged by the Justices 
& partys, & [ ] from the Date is alone a heavy charge, 

as I am | ] w< farther may be wanted I must beg the 

] your particular advice. 

indorsed: [ ] 1767 

Gov. S r . H Moore 


Tuesday July 29* 1767 

It is requested by M r . Duncan, that You wou'd Honor the 
Funeral of His Daughter, who Departed this Life this Morning 
at 9. o Clock And will be Buried Tommorow Afternoon at 
5 o Clock I am 


Your most Obed 1 & Hum e Serv' 

James Phyn 
[ ] Honb e . Sir W m Johnson Barn 1 . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 611 

INDORSED: July 28 th 1767 

M r . J s . Phyns Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 365, is listed under July Cornelius Swits's 
bill to Johnson for freight from New York to Albany. Destroyed by fire. 

A. L. S. 

New York 1st Aug 1 . 1767 

I l ] 

] know whether I must Send an [ 

mentioned to me You woud be glad of 100 
B[ushels] more of [Corn] hold it Stiffly a 4/ f Bushell, but 
I will not give So much, except [I have] your orders for that 
purpose. — 

Please to excuse haste & believe me most Sincerely 

Sir Your most obed Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Hon ble S r William Johnson B f 

Johnson Hall 
with a Bolting Cloth 

which M r Van Eps is desired to forward by the first 

1 Several lines missing. 

612 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady 2 Aug 1 1767 

I had the Honour of writing you [from] Albany in my Pass- 
ing to Canada, from whence [ ] my last I am on 
my Return hearing of [Mr Croghan's?] Departure I came here 
with an Intention of overtaking [ ] at this Place not 
having that Fortune and [ ] under a Necessity of 
setting forward tomorrow [ ] New York — I trouble 
you with the Renewal of [ | Request for your Freind- 
ship, in advising and [ ] me in the Location of the 
Mandemus I had [ ]ed to you in my last — 

Having made Enquiry on this Subject I [ 
is no Vacancy without a Purchase from [ 
If that is practicable I am informed there [ ] of 

Land on the North Side of the Mohawk [on Canada] or 
Teiogo Creek to the Westward adjoining the Purchases [ 

] ward of that Brook for some Gentm" [ ] freind- 

ship and Advice in this [ ] make proper Regard of — 

considering the M [ ] publick Bussiness in which I am 

engaged I very easily forgiven my Freind in not 

having [ ] Himself or Me in that Matter as [ 

] something and it is unlucky [ ]iss 

I shall be but badly credited [ ] my Industry & Con- 

duct — In this Light I hope [ ] you will excuse my 

troubling you more on A[ccount] of Credit than proposed 
Advantage — 

I am very Respectfully 
Your most obed' 

most humble Servant 

Harry Gordon 

I« s 

Jo Ft. to ci J/iInck 
4 00 Ft. to a '/^iTicfc. 

Plan Of Fort Stanwix, Built In 1758 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 613 

Brigack Carleton desired his 
Complt s . to you — mine if you 
please to M r Croghan and 
M r Johnson, whose Misfortune and 
that of his Company I am sorry for. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 365, is a letter of August 6th to Gen- 
eral Gage, concerning Lieutenant Johnson's misfortune, Captain Claus's 
departure for Canada, Lieutenant Galland's information concerning the 
Oneidas, the Indians brought from Detroit on a charge of murder, in- 
formation brought by an escaped prisoner touching French and Spanish 
influence over the western nations, Mr Croghan's and Mr Cole's accounts, 
drafts for the pay of Commissary Hay, interpreters, smiths, etc., besides 
accounts from Major Rogers and Lieutenant Governor Carleton (printed 
in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:860-62; Q, 2:499-500). 

A. L. S. 

Fort Stanwix Aug 1 11 1767 

the kind promise you honoured me with of you [ ] eindship 

has induced me to give you the trouble of this [let] tar in order 
to acquaint you that the villany and in[solence] of the Batomen 
and Some the few Inhabitants hear is rea[ly in] supportable and 
cannot be otherwise without a Commisfsion of] the peace which 
makes me humbly beg your Intarest in [ ]e as Soon 

as possible ; the Indians continue their threats but have [ 
no damage as yet; their Scoolmaster is Just returned and 
] eight told that they intend one drunken frolick and 
Sett | | to the fort, I wish there may not be Some bad 

advisar | ] th them, every one hear as well as I Suspect 

it, there ]tree of Cannadian French live with them, 

but they Say ] with your leave; if not I beg the 

honour of your advice commads which I Shall 

614 Sir William Johnson Papers 

punctually obey and am with the [ ] fidelity and most 

profound respect — 


Your much oblidged 

most Obedient and 

humble Servant 

John Galland 
indorsed: [ ] 1767 

L l . Gallands L[etter] 

A. L. S. 

Michilimackinac 12 Aug 1767 

Dear Sir 

Every hour my uneasinesses encrease I fear that in spite of 
my Vigilance Rum will get amongst the Indians & we shall have 
mischief done. I hear by means of some Rum the Christianaux 
Indians have been Stop'd at the Grand Portage who were com- 
ing in to hear if Rogers would treat them better that the last 
Command 1 . All the traders assemble from the N West with 
their peltrie. & wait provisions from this place there are many 
remained their this Season that Should have been here by which 
some people will be hurt. & its much feard they'll not come back 
this way. there may be there at this time traders, engagees & 
all about 300 men. & most of the former Owe so much if they 
dont make a vast profit they dare not come in. I believe I shall 
be forced to make some Expence to get them in 

the Vessell being delay'd by Contrary winds gave me time to 
write you this. & to send you the Inclosed Manuscript perhaps 
you can decypher of us were puzzled about what 

Language it is Hebrew or Arabac I have laid a Wager you or 
[Guy Johnson] can do it pray make me Win my Wager 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


I Set up all last night writing its now near twelve, tis pi [ 
will give me grey Hairs enough in two years but will not lessen 
my attachment to you & family. Whose welfare is the Constant 
wish of 


Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

B Roberts 
His Majesty s Service 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Johnson Hall 

[ l 

INDORSED: [ ]erts Letter 

Enclosure in Cypher. 


[Michilimackinac, Aug. 14, 1767] 

[ •] 

] which he assured me he would deliver [ 
Inclosed my Journal of Indian Affairs up to the 3 d of July ; when 
they were deliver'd over to M r . Roberts the Commissary that you 
have been pleased to appoint to Act in that Department at this 
place, since which no Doubt but he will make you the proper 
Reports. For my part it will afford me great pleasure to give 
him all the Assistance in my power towards the Executing of his 
Office, and assure you sir that nothing shall be wanting by me 
on that Head. 

I beg that you will do your Endeavours to have my Accounts 
passed with the General, that the Persons I had the Goods of 

1 Several lines missing. 

616 Sir William Johnson Papers 

may Receive their pay, & that [ ] may not be plunged 

into New Debts on [ ]nt of the Crown. 

I shall send you by the next [ ] possible makes 

a State of [ 

[ '] 

Your most [ 

ver hum[ 

Robt [Rogers ] 
M rs . Rogers presents 
her Respects. 

INDORSED: Michilimacinac Aug st . 14 th . 1767 
Major Roger's Letter 



[No date] 

A Discription of George and Thomas Archer two of the sons 
of John Archer (now of the the Township of Ridley in the 
County of Chester in Pennsylvania) who with their Brother & 
Brother Joseph was Taken Captive by the Indians at Coneco- 
cheague Settlement in Cumberland County on the 4th day of 
Nov r . 1757 Soon after the taking & destroying the Kittannig 
by Col 1 . Armstrong 2 

George if alive is now aged 1 8 Years fair Complexion dark Eyes 
well grown When taken. 

Thomas Aged 1 4 his brother Joseph Says when he Left him he 
was A Hearty well sett Lad has dark Eyes, and That he Left 
him a prisoner in the mingoe Nation 

Their Mother and 3 more was Killed at the time they were 
taken prisoners the prisoners were three boys and a Girl to witt 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 See Francis Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe, 2:110-14, also 
Colonial Records of Pennsylvania, 7:257. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 617 

George Joseph & Thomas 3 brothers and a Girl. afores d Joseph 
was released with the Other prisoners delivered to Col 1 . Boquet 1 
and is now w^ his father 

INDORSED: Description of Two 
prisoner Lads. — 


L. 5. 

[Albany, August 14, 1767] 

Inclos'd are three Receipts for fourteen B s . of Pork, and Nine- 
teen Barrels of Flour, sent up to you in May last, they Amount 
to 3989 Rations, Agreeable to the Calculation likewise inclos'd, 
and when it Suits I wou'd be glad to have them Return'd with 
your Signature. I remain very Respectfully 


Your Obedient Servant 

Gerret Van Sante Jr 

indorsed: [ 

Gerret Vansantes 
Letter w th . 3 Receipts 
for provisions 
Ans rd . 12 lh . 7 br . 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:946-48, is a letter of August 
1 4th to the Earl of Shelburne, in which Johnson speaks of the anxiety 
of friendly chiefs over the state of his health and over the tense relations 
of Indians and whites, presenting their view of the disposition of the 
settlers and the resources of the Six Nations for defense and his own 
view of the crisis in Indian affairs. 

See 4:585-86. 

618 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 365, is a letter of August 14th from 
Sampson Simson, New York, asking payment of Commissary Roberts's 
draft. Destroyed by fire. 


[Detroit, August 13-17, 1767] 

I ] 

[Puttawattamies] from S l Josephs came [ ] speak 

to me. He gives [ ] of his being taken his name is 

John Ore, — 

The fifteenth day of May he was at a place call'd the 
] of the Mississippi, between the Chicasaws & that 
river hunting [ ]llow with three other Men, for some 

people employ'd in the Indian [ ] Country by one 

Alexander M c Intosh Merchant at Mobile, when a [sev]enteen 
Puttawattamees, & two Kicapoos took him, & two of the others, 
the [ ] hunting he supposes made his Escape next morn- 

ing seven of the party [ ]rds the Chicasaws, to try to 

get some of that Nation Prisonners or Scalps, & [ ]ff 

with him & the two other Prisonners for the Mississippi which 
they [ ]th day, some where below the junction of the 

Ohio & that river and came up [ ] of the Mississippi 

till they were within about thirty miles of Fort [ 
where they cross'd to the East side, and went along the foot of 
the Mountain [ Fort Ch]artres about two Miles till they came 
a little above that Fort, from [ ] two prisonners made 

their Escape, who he supposes got in, from [ ] by 

way of the Piankishaws to S l Josephs & from thence to 
] of the Puttawattamees. Some days after three 
of | proceeded to the Chicasaw Nation when he was 

taken, that they had taken the Man that made 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 619 

his Escape the [ ] who were hunting about Forty 

miles nearer [ ] two of whom made their Escape 

]ar [ ] one 

] knows [ 

[ '] 

for him, tho' I am afraid he'l not come in, thinking 
the Manner they were treated two years ago when they were 
| Commanding Officer and particularly as he is con- 
sious he [ ] or Stedfast friends. I shall be glad to 

have your Advice how [ ] he refuses to come in. 

Yesterday I had a Letter from Detailler [ 
in a former Letter who came with the S f Joseph Indians when 
they [ ] their friendship, & he tells me he believes they 

will send the prisonners very soon tho he had not seen those that 
were on the party, but says [ ] of the Chiefs are that 

he shall be immediately sent: If there had been [ 
Spilt it would have been much better, but as there has I am a 
little [ ] to behave with them, tho' I am persuaded 

when the party went out [ ] go with an intent to take 


I have hir'd the House that belong'd to Belles [tre 2 ] room 
of the one I lived in this last year, it is much more Convenient 
see what passes. He sold it to one Stedman 
for five hundred & the [ ] & Stedman ask'd me Seventy 

pounds a year but I would not g [ ] he would have got 

that Price from some of the Traders in the [ ] Time 

they were all provided. I am to pay Fifty pounds [ 
I shall pay out of my Pocket rather than it should [ 
for my own Conveniency. Major Bayard [ 
gone [ ] Kings 

[ *J 

] order it to beg[ regiment] 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 The last French Commander of Detroit. 

620 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] as his house is not connected with that 

part of the [ ] is Lodged but at a different end 

of the Town, you [ imagine it is not convenient for 

the Garrison since the Command [ant tryjing to get it changed 
for another that lies within the Barrack Yard. 

I am much obliged to you for your information regarding 
| which was one Article I wanted to know, when I 
first did myself the [ ] of writing to you : but I believe 

the General will not make any Scruple [ acc]t s . as I am 

persuaded they are far less than any of the posts that have 
Indians depending upon it. Tho' I cant help say- 
ing that I wish [ li]ttle more Liberty with regard to making 
presents, for if a Commis[sary did] not happen to be upon a 
good footing with the Commanding Officer [ ] a Man 
that knows nothing of Indians ; the Commissary would [ 
to keep them in Temper at all ; however till now I can't Complain 

[ ] 

It will be equal to me what Smith works here for the King, 
but the ] believe is a good one & I oblige him 

in his bargain to find an Assistant ] ible for one Man 

to do the work of this Post, besides that, there is [ 
to the King] here, except whats in the Engineers department 
his Own, having a great number nevertheless 
[ ] agreeable to me, but I thought it my Duty 

one with regard to his Tools & Shop 

] mentioned [ 
from this on his way to England, he told me he [ 
carried a kind of Contract given to M r . Navarre, by a [french] 
Officer for four Acres in Front of the Puttawattamee Village, 
[ ] nation abandonned their Village, but they never 

abandonned | ] Indian War, nor never sold it, so that 

a french Commanding Officers [ ] kind is not worth two 

pence, but M r . M c . Dougal was not well [ ] not 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 621 

letting him take possession of it, and hinted that I wanted 
] but as he is Gentleman who is not indow'd with 
the best Memory [ ] the person who he said inform'd 

him before the Commanding Off [ was willing to take 

his Oath that he had never said or heard any thfing of the] kind, 
The Indians indeed offer'd me to take it & make what use 
] it, but I refused them. 
I M r . M c Dougal should mention this to you [ 
glad to know your Opinion; & be informd the best method 
from these people, as there are many here who 
would pur[ 

Since I wrote the above fourteen [ Puttawattamies have 
arived from S f Josephs with the other Prisonner [John Michan 
informs me that one of their people was kill'd in 
that the Indians only took one Negro who [ 

] agree with Ore in every thing else [ 
Indian [ 


[ ] August 17* 1767 

| son commonly call'd Muchitt who was 
] during the late War, was lately taken up 
for the Murder [of a chi]ld belonging to one M rs . Fisher who 
was kill'd by the Indians [ has this evening made his 

Escape from the Guard [ ] did not do their duty, nor 

execute the Orders they had The Commanding Officer is much 
distress'd at his getting away [ ] Uncle is on the Spot 

and is the person who was to carry on the [ ]tion, 

the proof is so clear & point blank, that he certainly must 
[ ]er'd; 

I am Sir with great Esteem 

Your most Obedient 

Most Humble servant 
Jehu Hay 
[ ] Croghan Esq r 

1 Several lines missing. 

622 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

[New York 17 Aug. 1767] 

I ] 

[ ] the Receipt of your very Acceptable favour 

with [ ] of Sundry Grocerys for your Familys Use, 

which will buy [ ] wait for D r Shuckboroughs going, under 

whose Care I think [ bes]t to Send them for fear of 

Accidents, as He will undoubtedly take all the Care I Can wish 

of them, by Him I shall likewise Send your Account — 

Till when my Wife joins me in best Respects to you & all the 

family & remain with great Truth 

Sir your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

Shucksburough Says He will go tomorrow or next Day — If Col 
Croghan is still with you, please to present my Respects to Him 


M r . Wetherhe[ad ] 


A. L. S. 1 

New York Aug> 1 . 19 th . 1767 

By a late Letter from the Secretary of the Society, I find that 
they have very cheerfully entered into the Scheme you proposed 
to them; and are anxious and desirous of carrying it into execu- 
tion as soon as possible. I sincerely wish we could procure 
proper persons for the bussiness: The Secretary further assures 
me that if any of the Clergy that are employed by them, are 

In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 623 

willing to undertake the Indian missions, and I approve of it, 
they will provide for them in a more ample manner than they 
now do. This intelligence I shall mention to the Clergy as I 
occasionally meet with them. At present I know of no person, 
that it is probable, will accept of the offer however I shall do 
every think in my power to procure such persons as are wanted. 
I take the liberty to send you a Copy of the last Abstract of 
the Society's proceedings, which begs your acceptance. You 
will f