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Prepared for publication by 
The Division of Archives and History 

Director and Slate Historian 






Volume VI 


List and description of illustrations v 

List and description of maps and plan vii 

Preface ix 

Autographs from volume VI xii 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 1 



Fort Johnson Frontispiece 

From an old French print in In Olde Nen> York, by Charles Burr Todd 


Room in Which St Patrick's Lodge F. and A. M. Was Instituted in 

1 766, Johnson Hall 2 

From a photograph in 1907 

Rev. Dr Samuel Johnson, First President of Kings College 30 

From the Century Magazine 

Rev. Dr William Smith, founder of University of Pennsylvania. . 74 

Painted by Gilbert Stuart, engraved by John Sartain, Philadelphia, 1880 

Philip Schuyler 100 

From a painting in the Schuyler Mansion, Albany, N. Y. 

Rev. Dr Thomas B. Chandler 1 32 

Painted by Winthrop Chandler 

Kayaderosseras Patent, 1 708. First part 1 78 

In the New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

John Wilkes 218 

Original in London 

The Earl of Hillsborough 232 

From the Magazine of American History 

Joseph Brant 310 

In the Abbott Collection of Manuscripts in the New York State Library 

Benjamin Franklin 564 

Engraved by W. Grainger. Printed by H. D. Symonds, Paternoster Row, 
London, September 25, 1794 

Sir William Johnson's Rent Book 600 

In Johnson Hall 

A Treaty between Sir William Johnson and Delawares 652 

From a copy in the Ticonderoga Museum 

A Treaty between Sir William Johnson and Delawares and Other 
Nations 694 

From a copy in the Ticonderoga Museum 

Saamuel Kirkland 774 

Ghost Room, second floor, Fort Johnson 788 




Villages in the Illinois Country 90 

By Thomas Hutchins, engineer in the Bouquet expedition of 1764 

Boundary Line, drawn between whites and Indians at Treaty of 
Fort Stanwix in 1 768 450 

Corrected and improved by Guy Johnson from the Evans map 

Situation of Western Indian Nations 524 

From a Map of the United States of America, as settled by the Peace of 
1783, in John Andrews's History of the War with America, France, 
Spain and Holland, London, 1785 



A leading event in the papers which comprise volume VI of 
this series is the congress of Fort Stanwix, held in the autumn of 
1 768 to establish a boundary between the Indian hunting 
grounds and the white settlements. At that meeting a large 
stretch of country was ceded to the Crown for a considerable 
sum of money and opened to private purchase and occupation, 
while the land to the westward of the line was reserved for the 
use of the Indian nations. That treaty was the last of several 
efforts of the English government to delay the entire absorption 
of Indian lands by the migration of the colonists, and one of 
the last to appease the resentment of the Indians over crimes 
committed against them by frontiersmen. It was one of the 
many honorable undertakings which signalized the long superin- 
tendency of Sir William Johnson. The unsuccessful attempt of 
Lord Hillsborough, secretary for colonial affairs, to alter the 
cession obtained by Johnson is exhibited here. At the same 
time criticism mixed with the spirit of party assailed Johnson's 
Indian policy with growing intensity. 

The rumbles of the approaching Revolution, first heard in 
the excitements caused by the Stamp Act, were again more than 
audible when it was plain that the ministry intended to preserve 
enough of Charles Townshend's import acts to convince the 
Americans of their subordination to Great Britain. January 1 , 
1 769, a new nonimportation agreement went into effect, and from 
that day the reverberations of the contest are increasingly dis- 
tinct in Johnson's correspondence. 

As will be seen, to fix a boundary between the Indians and 
the settlements was by no means to put a stop to land speculation. 
On the contrary, the contraction of the area of wild lands open 
to occupation seemed to sharpen the competition for their pos- 


x Preface 

session, and to quicken the spirit of trespass on the country 
reserved to the native tribes. The purpose of the Susquehanna 
Company to take possession of lands at Wyoming, Pa., by 
virtue of claims based on the Connecticut charter of 1662 and 
a fraudulent Indian deed procured at the Albany Congress of 
1 754, showed no abatement. The culmination of the persistent 
Wyoming encroachment is found in the history of the Revolu- 
tion. A dispute over which the Superintendent of Indian affairs 
could exercise a more effective influence concerned the Kaya- 
derosseras patent. This grant, obtained in 1 708 by wrongful 
extension of a deed from the Mohawks for a small tract, was 
made to embrace from 500,000 to 700,000 acres between the 
Mohawk river and the Hudson. Indian dissatisfaction, revealed 
in many threats, prevented sales and settlement, making the 
tract of little value to the heirs. The year 1 768 saw a volun- 
tary reduction of the extravagant claim and the end of an old 

Of interest is the contention between people of Kinderhook 
and the Manor of Claverack, involving a matter of military 
organization, as well as the extent of the manor. Military 
reorganization held a place of prominence in the administration 
of Sir Henry Moore; and one feature was the appointment of 
Johnson to the post of brigadier general of militia, his district 
comprehending all the settlements in the colony north of the 

The year 1 768 witnessed the abandonment by the British 
government of the plan for control of Indian trade through com- 
missaries stationed at the army posts Ontario, Niagara, Fort Pitt, 
Detroit, Fort Chartres and Michilimackinac. The disfavor of 
the traders toward regulations which prohibited their residence 
in the Indian villages undermined the system; and the impatience 
of the home government at the liberal donations which commis- 
saries bestowed on the western Indians led to its surrender. The 
settler's hunger for new lands and the Indian's rapacity for the 
bounty of the Crown were two of the distinguishing passions of 
the period. Little is recorded concerning the renewed experi- 

Preface xi 

merit of throwing the direction and cost of the trade on the 
colonial governments. The growing antagonism of the colonies 
toward the Indians and their opposition to expenditure on the 
Indians' account were little appreciated by the ministry. As little 
did London penetrate the designs of France and Spain in the 
Mississippi country and rightly value the commerce to which men 
of those nations clung with the utmost tenacity. 

The rise of new industries in the province of New York 
reveals itself in the Johnson papers, notably in the story of Peter 
Hasenclever, a pioneer iron manufacturer and promoter of other 
industries. Particularly impressive is the glimpse one gets of 
the beginnings of the great copper enterprises on the shores of 
Lake Superior. The national character of these papers is 
brought out as the reader surveys the widening power and 
influence of the great Indian commissioner. 

The correspondence included in volume VI embraces many 
of General Gage's letters, which it will be admitted, are superior 
in good temper to those of some of his predecessors in high com- 
mand. Johnson's interesting correspondence with clergy of the 
Church of England is continued, and will prove a valuable addi- 
tion to the literature of religion in America. 

In editing the materials of this volume for publication it is a 
pleasure to acknowledge again the scholarly services of Dr 
Richard E. Day of the Division of Archives and History. 

Alexander C. Flick 
Director, Division of Archives 

and History, and State Historian 

Autographs From Volume VI 1 

f ^z^V^t^iC^^ 


1 Autograph of Timothy Woodbridge damaged and that of Philip 
Schuyler destroyed by fire. Signed letter of John Penn in volume IV. 


%*tej%Zu 4 D ( 




A. L. S. 

Stonar[abia Dec. 13, 1767] 

Literas vestras human'tate et [suavitate] infertissimas, accepi 
die eodem datas atqu ex iis non Sine Singulari voluptate percepi, 
intentionem laudabilis vestrae Societatis Diem Scti Johannis 
Divinis Caeremoniis Celebrandi me autem vacatum esse munere 
Sacro fungendi. Gratias pro benevola invitatione ago maximas, 
nihilque in votis habeo, quam ut melius versatus essem in lingua 
Anglicana, Humanitas autem vestra jubet me Sequi mandate 
vestro. Quibus, Cum Cordiale Salutatione vobis vestraeque 
Honoratissimae Familiae se commendat, ad omnia officia paratus 

Nobilissimo viro 

Humilissimus Servus 

Abrm Rosencrantz 

INDORSED: Epistola Reverendi 

Domini Rosencrantz — 
Arabiae Petreae 


Stone Arabia, Dec. 13, 1767 
Most noble Sir: 

I received your very courteous and gracious letter on the day 
it was written, and thus learned with singular pleasure of the 
purpose of your worthy lodge to observe St John's Day with 
sacred ceremonies, and that I shall not be occupied with divine 
service. I return you many thanks for the kind invitation, and 
wish nothing more than that I were better acquainted with the 
English tongue. But your courtesy bick me obey your command. 

2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

So with hearty good wishes to you and your most esteemed 
family, I commend myself to you, in readiness for any service. 

Most noble Sir. 
Your most humble Servant 

Abrm Rosencrantz 
INDORSED : Letter of the 

Rev. Mr Rosencrantz 
at Stone Arabia 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 380, is listed a letter of December 14th 
from General Thomas Gage, New York, saying that the Cherokees, sent 
up the river, will probably land at the Manor or Claverack on account 
of ice near Albany, reciting some murders by Indians and advising pay- 
ment of an old demand made by a French trader on account of arms 
taken by Colonel Bradstreet at Oswego. (Printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:890-91; Q, 2:516-17.) 


A. L. S. 

New York 14 th . Dec r . 1767 

Lord Adams Ambassadors delivred me your favour of 1 7 th . 
Ult: & toll me they had five Pounds paid them at Schenectady 
by your Ordr, which I have included in my Draught for their 
Expences, & will pay it to any person, you will please to 
appoint — Your Letter says they apply'd to you for £ 
the Sum left blank, but I believe the Men are honest enough, to 
do you justice, especially as they pay Nothing for it, Lord Adam, 
as I understand paying the Bill of View — I am sending your 
Indians appointed for the pensilvania Line home, they Sail to 
morrow, but the Weather looks so Wintry (Snowing fast) tis a 
doubt Whether they will reach Albany by Water — Our 
friend Allen says these Indians from first to last have cost 
] fifteen hundred pounds, Near twelve hundred dollars 
being distributed [among] them, by way of pay for their Attend- 
ance besides presents & maintain [ ] — Three of the 


























Post-War Period, 1763-1774 3 

Chiefs are gone another rout by Land — [ | Score 

Cherokees are here too on their way to you to make peace 
[with the Six] Nations, You will have a grand Levee — M r 
Allen says [ ] collect from the Onondago Chief 

you sent, the heart burnings [the Shawnese,] Delawares &c: 
are as much against the Six Nations as the 
packet yet — Wo'd it not be well to settle the Quits | 
Collector in going on — I am allways 


Jn°. Watts 
Addressed : To 

S r . Will. Johnson Barr" 
Johnson Hall 

Mohawks River 
to the care of M r Monier 
at Albany — 


A. L. S. 

New York 15 th . December 1767. 

[ ] the Raven King, the Bearer, and others, 

bound for [Johnson-] hall. I take an Opportunity of troub- 
ling you with these Lines. — [I made] bold to write to you, 
about twelve months agoe, and another, about [ ] months, 

wherein I mentioned that I engaged as Clerk or assistant [John] 
W Smith Esq r . and to his father, who is Judge, where I have 
[contin]ued since I had the honour of seeing you. — However 
my Income, or [salary] is not Sufficient to enable me, to pur- 
chase a larger personal [ ] (as I am at present circum- 
staced) than moderate quantities of [ and Toddy. — 
Therefore in Order to make better [provision] s, for the main- 
lainance of any Child, my wife Should get [ decease, 
would willingly embrace any better Opportunity, if 
more than Shooting the Squirrils at Fort Johnson — [ trou]ble 

4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you now, with a long History, But Sincerely & humbly prays 
think] of me, when any good Opportunity should 

[ ]• 

Your Honour's much obliged & most 
obed' Humble Serv 1 . 

Mark Feely 


The R l . Honble Sir William Johnson 
Bar', at 


Copy 1 

Phila". the 1 5*, of Dec. 1767. 

I rec d . last week an alarming letter from His Ex c y. Maj. Gen. 
Gage acquainting me of the intelligence he had rec d . from all 
quarters of the dissatisfaction of the Indians & their ill-disposition 
towards us on acd. of the injuries done them by the frontier 
people of Virginia & the encroachments made on their lands & 
that you are apprehensive of an immediate rupture with them 
unless some measures are fallen upon, to pacify them. I tho't 
proper to trouble you with a letter on this occasion that I might 
inform you of the steps I propose to take on the part of this 
gov 1 , for removing the people who are settled on their lands & that 
you may have an opportunity of communicating to the Indians 
our intentions. 

As neither the proclamations which Gov. Fauquiere & myself 
have issued for that purpose nor the threats of military execu- 
tion made in the two last summers by parties of the King's troops 
have had the desired effect upon those lawless people, I design 
to lay this interesting matter before the Assent, who are to meet 
by their own adjournment on the 4 th . of next month & shall 

1 In Library of Congress, Force Transcripts. 

Post-War Period, ! 763-1 774 5 

recommend it to them to frame such a law as will be sufficient 
to enable me with the aid of the King's troops to compel those 
intruders to pay strict obedience to the civil authority by imme- 
diately abandoning their illegal settlements. But as I fear the 
severity of the weather in the Winter season will render it im- 
possible to execute this service effectually till the spring I hope 
you will in the mean time find it in your power to quiet the minds 
of the indians with assurances that we will use our most earnest 
endeavors to remove all causes of their discontent, tho' it is past 
a doubt that these intruders have rec d . considerable encourage- 
ment in their settlement from some of the Delawares & Sha- 
wanese & particularly from an Indian called the White Mingo 1 
whatever they may pretend to the contrary. It were greatly to 
be wished that the scheme which has been long in agitation at 
home for establishing a boundary line between the Indian 
Country & the several Colonies had been fully completed some 
time ago. The Indians would, I am persuaded have had no 
reason at this time to complain of our settling on their unpur- 
chased lands; since they would no doubt have been fully paid 
for all the Country they relinquished to us within that boundary. 
Nor is it probable that any of our people would have carried their 
settlements beyond such a line while so extensive a country con- 
tiguous to us remained uncultivated. 

The several Indians deputed by the Six Nations to attend the 
surveyors 2 in running the division line between Penn. & Mary- 
land returned here from that service about a fortnight ago before 
the surveyors had fully completed their business. They had 
proceeded with the line 1 1 miles over the Monongahela when 
the Indian chiefs made a sudden stop & would not consent to 
proceed with them one step farther saying they were directed by 
their nation not to go beyond the warriors path leading to the 
Cherokee Country. The surveyors not being able to prevail on 

1 John Cook, Kanaghragait, a Seneca chief. 

2 Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, by whom " Mason and Dixon's 
line " was run. 

6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them to attend them to the end of the line about 25 miles further 
which they could easily have run out in 8 or 10 days, were 
obliged to leave their work unfinished & return with ail their 
instruments. I am very sorry for this disappointment yet the 
commissioners were very kind to the Indians on their return to 
this town where they continued 10 days. They satisfied them 
fully for their services by giving among the 1 5 men & 2 women 
upwards of 870 dollars including the cost of a few rifle guns, 
besides the small presents which were made to them from time 
to time before they joined the surveyors & while they attended 
them amounting to at least £130 in value. 

They all left this town last week on their return home having 
my passports with persons to conduct them & to defray their 
expenses. The 3 Onondagoes proceeded through Bethlehem by 
a strait route to their own country — the rest chose to go by the 
way of New York & Albany & are under the care of Mr. Hugh 
Crawford. One of the Mohawks, named Jacob died on the 
road & was brought to this town & decently buried. The Com- 
missioners have for his services, sent to his widow by Mr. Craw- 
ford 40 dollars which they have directed him to deliver in to 
your hands for her use. 

I have the honor to be, with great regard, 

Your most obd f humble servant. 

John Penn. 
Sir Wm. Johnson. Bar 1 - 

A. L. 5. 

[Stockbridge, Dec. 15, 1767] 

I 1 

wait on you In [order to obtain a renunciation] of the Mohocks 
[respecting claims to] Lands on this side [of the Hudson river] 

Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 7 

There is an objection may be That 

The Mohocks do [ ] people should pur- 

chase Lands of the [ ] kannuck Tribe on the east 

side of Said [Hudson] River They will here after Lay Their 
[claim] To such purchased Lands. 

For my own part I am Satisfied That the Mohocks never did 
claim any right in the Lands east of Said River: I remember I 
once motioned this same affair To you at Johnsons Hall and had 
some expectation That you would at some assembly of the 
Mohocks have favour'd These Indians with a cirtificate from 
them disclaiming as [ ] Said. I begg the favour That 

They may be fur[nished] with a determination of the Mohocks 
in this Matter. I wonder The Governor & Council of New 
York have not proceeded To a Consideration of the petition of 
our Indians prefered Last Spring. 

The Indians conclude nothing will be done after all Their 
Trouble and expence and have desired me To prepare To send 
once more To the Ministry at home the difficulty They meet 
with from the Government 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] obedient 



To Sir: Will m Johnson Bar 1 . 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 380, is listed a letter of December 16th 
from General Thomas Gage, New York, concerning expenses incurred in 
sending the Cherokee deputies to Johnson Hall. (Printed in Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 2:891-92; Q, 2:517.) 

8 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Quebec Dec'. 16*. 1767. 

Since your favour of the 21 st . Feby. 1766 I have [not been] 
honoured except a few lines by M r Antill. 

I should be very unhappy could I have the least [ 
tion to think I had forfeited your Esteem. 

Multiplicity of business in your Department (which [I] 
should be sorry to interrupt mal a propos) I flatter myself may be 
the occasion of your long silence, altho it is industriously set in 
another light, as I have particularly informed M r Claus. 

I now beg leave to congratulate you on Sir Johns return, 
hoping that his Voyage &c has been agreable & answered both 
his & your Expectation, & also to acquaint you, that I have 
entirely left Montreal & am now a resident of this City, in 
partnership with M r Geo: Allsopp a person of the most 
extensive Correspondence of [any] one in this Province without 
exception, this circum [stance] was occasioned by a Brother of 
his, who was obliged [to leave] the country on Account of his 
ill-state of health [ ] & (who we expect the sep r 

packet will bring news [ ]los) my having been 

always on the most intimate & friendly [ ] him, as 

he lived in the year 1 762 at Montreal [ ] expects 

by every packet to have his suspension [ ] his being 

reinstated into all his Employm ts . [ | ess will of course 

devolve on me, doubt [ have taken advantage, 

on my remaining [ ]iness as since my separation 

with [Matthew Wade a]Iways thought, & Experience now con- 
vinces me, that it was much better [ ] of what I 
had, & look about me, than to rush [ ] myself in 
Debt, at this very precarious & [ ] is impossible 
for to support the expences of a [ ] for however 
I might appear, I was far from ] constantly 
employed in diving into & making with the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 9 

nature & quality of the Different stap [ ] Imports 

& Exports of this Province. I have now as 

as any person in the Province, if it pleases God to [ 

success my Industrious Endeavours, & am determined 

L ] shall be spared to cultivate & improve it. 

Added [ ] on as good Terms as I could wish with 

Gov r . Carleton [ ] Justice & Attorney Gen 1 , as 

well as both Civil & military I] shall make my own Interest the 

Chief study, from my [experience? which] I have purchased not 

at the cheapest rate. 

I have already a share in a Pot & Pearl [ash] & the Gov r . 
has been kind enough to give us the use of [ [to 

Erect our works in & has offered us a Lease of them [ 
renewable, in Case the King has not occasion for | 
case, we are to be reimbursed all the money laid | 
& Immoveables, which is a very great advant[ 
works are under cover, fine large Chimneys ] 

Furnaces & Calcining Ovens, ready built, of 

the River, so that we can role our Ash [ ] Board 

only, on board a Vessel, the fre[nch into a way of 

saving their Ashes, not-with [ ] collect one 

day with another from 40 [ ] a 6 d . halifax p r Bushel. 

You will [ ] Liberty taken in entering into 

] to it, was your repeated assurances 

tow]ards me, & having heard that Many of 

your tenants] reap great advantages from that Article 

wish] I had all the ashes produced amongst your 

] that they make no use off. 

If I could with propriety, I would beg leave [to make] sir 
William a tender of the best & most Grateful services my poor 
abilities are capable of, in case an occasion may offer in this part 
of the World, as nothing would give me a more real, & sensible 
pleasure than the having it in my power to render a gratefull 
Return for the many favours received, hoping still for a Con- 

10 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tinuance of your favour & Protection I beg leave to remain with 
my best Compliments to your family. 

Most Respectfully 
Sir Your Obed'. & Most hble servant 

John Welles. 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson 

Bar 1 , 
at Johnson Hall in the 
County of 



D. 1 

[Fort Pitt, December 17?, 1767] 

I ] 

[ ] 

had acquainted me with all [ ] meeting. 

He then spoke on an other [ ] I spoke 

in behalf of our Nations, and I assure you [ ] that it 

is contrary to our Judgments and inclinations [ ] any 

quarrel or difference with the English, and nothing [ 
give us greater pleasure than to hear that the great [Men?] 
will settle those disputes before they come to an open quarrel 
that we may enjoy a long and lasting Peace to follow our 
Hunting for the Support of our Families. He gave the Belt 

I then returned them thanks for the open and free manner in 
which they had communicated to me the business that was to be 
transacted at the Meeting intended to be held in the spring. I 
told them they were sensible every Step had been taken by the 
commander in chief and Sir William Johnson to drive those 
people that had made Settlements in their Country, out of it — 
lhat they had been driven twice by the Officers and Soldiers sent 

A fragment. In handwriting of Alexander McKee. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 1 1 

from Fort pitt for that purpose, That I thought both the Six 
Nations and [ 1 ] 

[ ] when they knew those [ 

settled] by any Authority, but were a Sett[ 
people who had fled their Country to seek a living in the 
Woods — that they might be assured, His Majesty wo d . not 
suffer any of his subjects to take any part of their Country w th out 
his making them a Satisfaction for it. That they had often 
experienced His Majestys pitty for, and generous dispossition 
towards them and all the Indian Nations by the many presents 
that they had, and were daily receive, from his Officers, That 
their Conduct on this occasion shewed a Want of gratitude, as 
well as want of understanding in them. On which I gave them 
a large Belt. 

On the 1 6 th & 1 7 th , of December, they took leave of Capt n . 
Edmonston and myself, and returned to their several Villages. 

Croghan Esq. 1 767 


D/. 2 

Johnson hall December 18 lb . 1767. 


I have Just had the favor of yours of the 19 th . ult° with the 
inclosure, the Subject of which you will find I have Anticipated 
in my Letter of the 2 d . inst which I wrote to you in consequence 
of one I received from the Rev d . M r . Cooper, and therefore I 
need not Say any thing farther thereon but to inform you that 
Just now I received a Joint Letter from D r . Smith and M r . 
Barton recommending the Reverend M r Murray of Reading as 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

12 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a Missionary here, my Answer to which Acquaints these Gentle- 
man, with the previous recommendation of M r . Seabury, and 
my approbation of that Gentleman in case the Society have not 
already made Choice of another. — 

In my Answer to M r Cooper to which I referred you in my 
last, I gave him an account of what I had proposed in favor of 
the Mission for Johnstown Namely that In case the Society did 
not incline to take upon them the Whole burthen of the Expence 
I would (rather than so necessary a thing should fail) augment 
the Missionarys Sallary with an Addition of £30 ster p 1 Ann, 
and also give him a House & Glebe of 20 Acres I flatter myself 
the Society do not intend that after the Great Expence I have 
been at already I should be subjected to much more, but never- 
theless shall make that Addition if Necessary, and besides con- 
tribute all in my power to a Missiony s satisfaction or to promote 
the interest of his family for which doubtless means might be 
found, if they inclined to Lands &ca but these Advantages can- 
not be so easily described within the bounds of a Letter, and 
therefore, if, as you Propose, it will suit M r Seaburys con- 
venience to Visit this place either by Sled this Winter or early 
in the Spring he will then be better able to Judge for himself, and 
I am persuaded I shall find him intirely agreable to me — 

I have the Establishment amongst the Lower Mohocks Much 
at heart, and earnestly wish for a Good Resident Missionary & 
School Master to be fixed there. It is the Door to the rest as they 
Express it, and whatever is done With the Upper Nations must 
be begun with these people, who have formerly been instructed 
in the Religion of the Church of England, and express great 
concern that they have been so long neglected. I see M r Brown 
is still continued in the Societys Ann 1 , publicat" as Mission 
there, but he does not serve — 

In short none but a Resident will Answer, and pity it is that 
such has not been yet procured, — If D r Barclays house & farm 
could be purchased it would in the end prove a Saving but such 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 13 

a Situation & Establishment as has been proposed there, would 
not be stinted if duly considered. — 

I see in the Ann 1 , publication that a Mission is mentioned for 
Schenectady at £30 Str ^ Ann. to which the Protestant Inhabi- 
tants have told me they would make an Addition I have men- 
tioned it to D r Smith in favor of M r Murray whom he recom- 
mended to me and I think it Should not be neglected. — There 
are now Four Good Churches Viz Albany, Schenectady the 
Mohocks & mine at Johnstown these last of most material im- 
portance and the rest objects extremely worthy attention but at 
present all Neglected, and if they continue much longer in this 
State I fear it will be found needless hereafter to take any steps 
in behalf of the Church at these places. — 

Edward Riggs whom you propose as a Schoolmaster must 
without doubt be a man well Qualified for the Task and would 
be usefully Employed under a Missionary or even at present 
until one is appointed, and therefore I am inclined to think he 
deserves to be employed But he, or any other person who 
comes must be greatly distressed thro' the Want of any proper 
House or Lodging, there being no place in the Neighbourhood fit 
for the purpose and any place that could be procured will be held 
at a dear rate so that the purchase of D r . Barclays place should 
be strongly recommended, or till that is done perhaps M rs . Bar- 
clay will agree to rent it for these Uses, The Tenant now in it 
pays as I understand £10 & Ann — and I dare say it would be 
Let out at a moderate rent if hired for a purpose for which it is 
peculiarly calculated. & was first intended by the Indians 
please to favor me with your thoughts & intentions on these sev- 
eral heads and be assured of the Sincerity and Esteem with 
which I am 

Sir &ca 
The Rev d D r . Auchmuty 

INDORSED: December 18 th 1767 — 

To D r . Auchmuty. 

14 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson hall, Deer, /grt tftf] 

I 1 

[Cap*. John] son gave me your favor of the [30th November 
and acquainted] me with his having answered your [ 
subject] of your Misapprehensions. — 

[ ] concerned to find that a Gentleman for 

so much esteem should have been led from 

] an accident to suppose any alteration in my 

[sentime]nts, there being no sufficient motive on either 

] Such a Supposition, and if there had been such 

[I should] not have hesitated to assign the cause — 

By your Letter which I have now received I am [ 
hear that a matter which from your conceptions of it [ 
concern has been removed, because it would [ ] pain to 

think that a Friend should lye under any [ ] which I 

was capable of removing, and altho' [ dis]tance on whe 

you wrote which you now hint at [ my] Multiplicity of 

business since that period) [ ] my Memory Might 

for a time have affected [ ] no occasion to har- 

bour any doubts of the [ ] Esteem — and that 

Sensible of the Sincerity [ ]ons on that head I 

have the Like [ frien]dly correspondence and Acquaint- 

ance [ ] of the regard with which I am 

Dear Sir 

[ l 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 15 


[Johnson hall, Dec. 18, 1767] 

i ] 

answer it] must Express my [ 
family have not received the [ ] 

hoped for, from your Late Tour. — 

| whatever is done for the relief of the Indians 
the subj]ects of their complaints may come too late 
[I have hitherto] with infinite pains thrown Obstacles in the 
[way of their] own Congresses at which they attended to Con- 
cert [ ] for uniting against us, but I [cannot] 
expect the like Success for the time to come [unless they] meet 
with the promised redress very soon. — 

From what you say concerning the Militia I am [appre- 
hensive that One of your Letters must have miscarried 
[ ] Subject. — In mine of the 30 th . of May I 

gave you of my plan of which I have the 

pleasure to find you [ ] I now inclose it Sepa- 

rately with very little [ ] Regiment of Horse may 

very easily be formed [ ] Manner I have pro- 

posed and I cannot [ ] prove of Much use to 

this Frontiers, and [ ] you my best thanks for 

your Attention to my [ ] Family as well as the 

other persons of my [ ] The Plan proposed is so 

evidently well [ ] of these Exposed frontiers, & 

for Establishing [ ] I earnestly wish it may be 

soon put into [ ] If your Excellency will there- 

fore | ] to be made out, the [ 

time to enable the [ ] 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

16 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Each of the Reg[iments ] and I have Experienced 

[ ] distance both with regard to 

[ ] Disciplining or Assembling them [ 

] Settlements encrease fast where 
the Regiments will be large in a lit [ ] that to 

Divide them as nearly as pos[sible | & South would be 

the easiest and best [ ] Forms of the several Tracts 

does not app[ear ] and the boundarys of the Sev 1 . Regi- 

ments, [ ] as are remarkable in the Country, — 

] East Bounds of the Next Regiment to the 
[ ] is Limitted by the West Line of that To[ 

] North & South) and can Extend North | 

] patented Lands & South to the Nor[ 

Settlements which with Cobus Kill [ ] form a 

Seperate Regiment, [ ] may Extend as far 

North & S[outh ] Grants do, but I believe I have 

[ ] to prevent any Mistakes which might 

[ I 

I Understood that [ ] & the 

Survey returned to [ ] days to be able 

to [ ] Write to the [ 

] north of [ ] 

[ ] 

I am with all Imaginable Esteem 


Your Excellencys &ca. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 381, is listed under December 18, Sir 
William Johnson's scheme for forming the militia to the westward of 
Albany into six regiments; transmitted to Sir Henry Moore. This paper 
was destroyed by the fire, but it is printed in the Third Annual Report 
of the State Historian, 1897, p. 880-81. It is followed in the Calendar 
by Johnson's memorandum of the number of men in each of the com- 
panies of the Schenectady battalion and of the grouping of these com- 
panies in the proposed new regiments, on back, two memoranda, one 
about the decision of the Oneidas touching a line to be run from Cosbys 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 17 

Manor, the other about the formation of a new county extending from 
the west bounds of Schenectady to the upper settlements or Fort Stanwix. 
Also destroyed by fire, but printed in the Third Report of the State 
Historian, p. 886. In the Third Report, p. 786-886, are printed 
returns, muster rolls, commissions and recommendations for 1 762-1 768, 
belonging to the State Library collection of Johnson papers, which were 
destroyed by fire. 


Johnson hall December I8 ih . 1767. 

I have had the pleasure of your and M r . Bartons Joint Letter 
of the 25 th . ultimo concerning M r Thompson, & your now 
recommending M r . Murray for the Mission here, by which I find 
that My Letter in answer to yours about the before Mentioned 
Gentleman has Miscarried. — at the Same time I am to inform 
you that Doctor Auchmuty & the Reve d . M r . Cooper have so 
Strongly recommended M r Seaberry to me for this place that 
I have left it to them to Consult that Gentleman on removing 
hither in case the Society have not already procured one, which 
D r . Burton informed me they would Look out for — Your 
recommendation of M r . Murray would be a Sufficient induce- 
ment to me to wish for a Gentleman of his Worth and Qualifica- 
tions, had not these Steps been previously taken, but there is one 
particular circumstance which I cannot help Mentioning, that 
might render his residence at the Mohocks less eligible Namely, 
his being unmarried — the Single State which might in many 
other cases prove an Advantage to a Clergyman has a contrary 
effect amongst most of our Indians, who whether from some 
former errors committed amongst them or from some other Cause, 
cannot help entertaining Suspicions injurious to the Character of 
such a person, which must consequently Lesson his influence 
amongst them, and altho' a decent deportment might in time 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of 
Guy Johnson. 

18 v William /. : Pap; 

ercome this opinion ^1 et I have all along thought it best to 
begin such Establishm'. with Such Men as they would embrace 
Jiout entertainir =; such prejudices. But as I hnd by the 
S oudys .Annual publication that they have agreed to appoint a 
Missionary for the protectant Inhabitants at the Town of Sche- 
nectady not far from hence at the rate of £30 str "r Ann. to 
which sev . of the Inhabitants told me they would make a hand- 
le addition, I imagine that Situation might prove Acceptable 
to M r . Murray in which case I presume the Arfair may be easily 
settled to his Satisfaction, and if a Letter from me will be thought 
necessary you may freely command me thereon — 

A Mission in that Town, a proper Establishment of a M 
and School at the Mohocks, with the Mission to be Established 
on my Estate (which last would have a great Effect on t ny 

Indians of different Nations who are almost constantly about 
me) would produce the happyest consequences In this Country 
at the Same time that it \\ ould prove the Surest Means of 
diffusing knowledge amongst the Six Nations and preparing the 
More distant Indians for receiving the Lights of the Gospel. 
These, and the Establishment to the Southward shall ever meet 
with the strongest encouragement from me, and I have lately 
wrote on these points to D r Auchmuty 6; Sev'. other Gentlemen 
of the Church wherein I have likewise made a proposal towards 
a provision for an Episcopate in this Country, which seems to me 
highly necessary for the interests & well Government of the 
Church & for promoting even* Laudable purpose of Religion — 
Be pleased. Sir, to Communicate whatever may be necessary 
on these heads to M r Barton for whom I have a great Esteem. 
6c to be Assured of the Sincere regard with which I am 

& ca 
The Rev d . D r . Smith 

INDORSED: December 18 th 1767 — 

To the ReW D r Smith 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 19 


I), s. 
[Pittsburgh, December 18, 1767] 

I 1 

[Traders of Pittsburgh Humbly sheweth — 

[That your] Petitioners having Agreeable to the Directions of 
the [ ] Licences to Trade at this place and fur- 

nished Carg]oes for that purpose in Expectation that 

the Trade [among] Indians should Center here, but to their 
great fi]nd the Trade much Decayed of late, Owing 

to a Number ] into the Indian Country without any 

Lawfull Authority [ ] and there inveigle and no 

doubt Impose on the Indians detriment of the fair 

Trader, More particularly at Redstone [Creek where] a Num- 
ber of Lawless persons have lately forced a Settle [ment and 
opened] a Trade at one half the Rates agreed upon by the 
Com[missary of] Indian Affairs and the chiefs of the Indian 
Tribes at this [post] Your Petitioners are informed by a Credi- 
ble Author that [ ] are solely under the Directions 
of Col°. Crisip who makes [ ] Inviting Indians to 
different parts of the Country and | ] them, Inviting 
and encouraging them to Trade with | | people, 
it is very well known that the Murder of[ ] 
Delaware Chief was intirely owing to the same] 
Col°. Crisip — 

[Your] Petitioners fearing a total Stagnation of Trade 

con] sequences may Attend such practises pray that 

] with his Excellency — the Honourable 

[Major General] Gage and the Honourable Sir William 

20 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[Johnson ] stop to such practises for the future 

[and your Petitioners as in duty] bound will ever pray &C a 

for Baynton Wharton & Morgan 

John Campbell 
INDORSED: The Petition of the 

Indian Traders of Pittsburg 
to George Croghan Esq r 

the 18 th Dec[ ] 

A. L. S. 1 

Fort Chartres Dec r . 19 ih 1767 
Dear Sir 

Yours of the 18 th of Oct r I received [a few] days past. You 
Doubt not I was Surpris d : [at] my accounts being refused, for 
not being properly Certified, had your letters or Sir Williams 
Instructions, been as full as this above, they never would have 
wanted these formallitys but haveing answered all these points 
fully in former letters to you and Sir William, Shall refer you 
to them, if ever they get to hand [they] have been twice up as 
far as the [Cherokee] Fort 2 , a man falling Sick the first [time, &j 
Indians fireing on them the Second [obliged] them to return, 
tho' I hope they will [now goe] Safe as the faithfull Silver heels 
takes [them under] his charge — I hope you will [now find 
my] Accounts, Sufficiently certified if they [are not please] to 
Send me the necessary formes [that they may] be wright for the 

The Smiths you [hope behave well and do] their duty, how 
far they [would do the Latter if they had] Tools I can be no 

1 Burned portions supplied from the copy printed in Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library, 16:147-48, ed. C. W. Alvord and 
C. E. Carter. 

2 Fort Massac, on the Ohio river below the mouth of the Cherokee 
(Tennessee) river. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 21 

Judge at [present, it is but] Little they can do without [bel- 
loweses, none have] they nor none can I get, I did [obtain 
liberty for them] to work Some time in the Fort, but [that was 
put] a Stop too, being but one bellowes, [it was] wanted for 
Garrison use. Mr [Phyn brought] two pair with him, have 
applyed [to Coll° Reed] for one, he says they are so bad [they 
cannot be] mended in this Country, and [Wither their own] will 
Ever be Sent I cant Say, as [they tell me] they were at Fort 
Pitt when [they left it] and that if they'd had a Batt[aux, they 
could] have brought them to the [ Mesissipi, and] I could have 
easily Sent [for them.] 

You wish Some Stop [could be put to] French traders going 
[out into the Indian] Country, So do I with [all my hart but 
unless] the Posts are Established [I mentioned in my former 
letters,] the mouth of the River [Illinois,] the cherokee Fort & 
Post Vinsent [it never] can be prevented, that being done [and 
all] peltrys obliged to be bonded for an [English] post, and a 
duty or prohibiton Laid on all French [goods,] landed on this 
Side would in a great measure through the Trade into our hands, 
make our Influence much greater with the Indians, and the 
monys arising from the dutys of the peltry, and French goods, 
would go far towards paying the Expence of the Country, 
besides a much Larger consumption for British manufacturies. — 
But these are Considerations [for the] Great, not, for a triffling 
Commy [Subject] to the orders of every Rank. 

[I] dare say You will be able in your [Voyage to] Detroit 
to find out the Belts [I mentioned] pasing among the Indians, 
and prevent [any thing being] attempted in the Spring. 

I am Sorry [the House you mentioned] was obliged to Stop 
pay[ment, but as they did it v/ith] So much reputation, [it can 
be no prejudice] to their Trade or Carrecters, [but reather 
Give] them more weight than [ever, you may] Depend that 
whatever is in [my power to] render them Service, I shall [not 
be backward] So long as I remain here, and [wither ever] I 
shall get away God knowns, [for notwithstans] the repeated 

22 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Letters I have wrote [for liberty] to go down and Settle my 
affairs, [or leave] to resigne, can get no [answer to them] neither 
from you or Sir William. 

I am Extreemly obliged [to you for the kind] offers you make 
me of ren[dering me Service.] believe I shall soon be [obliged, 
to Accept] them, if I cant get [liberty to down soon] pray Sir 
Interest your [self for me in this affair] and let me once more 
[Smell Salt water if for] ever so Short a time, [I am D r Sir 
Your most ob l Ser 1 ] 

[Edw d Cole] 
from the earl of shelburne 

L. S. 1 

Whitehall Dec*". 19 ih . 1767. 


Your Letters N°. 4 and 5, with the State of the Trade, Poli- 
ticks & Proceedings of the Indians in the Northern District, have 
been duly received and laid before The King ; And I have great 
Pleasure in conveying to you His Majesty's entire Approbation 
of the zeal and Attention with which you persevere in the Dis- 
charge of your Duty. 

The Completion of a Boundary Line between the several 
Provinces and the Indian Hunting Grounds, being a Matter so 
essential for the Preservation of Peace and Harmony with those 
People; I was in hopes to have sent you by this Conveyance 
positive Instructions for effecting this necessary Work without 
Loss of Time. But as so many different Interests are concerned 
in this Affair, The Lords Comm rs . of Trade have been obliged 
to postpone their Report for a few Days in order that such a final 
Determination may be taken upon it as will be liable to no future 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.225. p. 27, London, England, 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 23 

Objection. — You may therefore expect by the first Packet 
such Instructions on this Head as will enable you to set about 
it very early in the Spring ; and in the mean time you will do well 
to convey the proper Intelligence to the different Tribes of 
Indians concerned, that they may be ready to co-operate with 
you in bringing it to a Conclusion. 

I am &c a . 


Sir Will m . Johnson 



Dated, Whitehall 19* December 1767 

"I was in hopes to have been able to have communicated to 
you by this Packet His Majesty's intentions relative to the run- 
ning of the Boundary Line between the several Provinces which 
have not yet compleated it, and the Indian Hunting Grounds, 
This being a Work so essential for the preservation of peace with 
those [people] But as several different interests [which re] quire 
to be well weighed, are [concerned] in this Matter, it has been 
found ] to delay the final determination 

for a few days; In the mean [time I have] 

written to Sir William Johnson [ ] of this, and 

directing [ ] tribes of Indians for the comfing 

] early in the Spring [ ] he shall 

recieve Instructions for the] purpose by the next Pack[et] 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 381, is listed a letter of December 20th 
from General Thomas Gage, New York, stating substance of his letters 
to Governors Penn and Fauquiere regarding encroachments on Indian 
land and of Governor Penn's reply. (Printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:892; Q, 2:517-18.) 

24 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5. 

Fort George New York Dec r . 2I si 1767 — 

Colonel Vaughan on his departure from hence left a power of 
Attorney with me to sue out a Patent for the Lands he purchased 
on the Mohawk River, and to do whatever else might be neces- 
sary ; in consequence of which, I apply'd to M r Colden who 
assured me that he would take the necessary steps for obtaining 
a return of the Survey as soon as possible, A tedious Illness has 
prevented my making any inquiry about this matter 'till very 
lately, when to my [ ] great surprize I found that nothing 

had been done [ ] I have had much uneasiness on this 

account [ ] good Friend M r Vaughan would 

naturally [ ] from me ever Assistance in my power 

] suspect me of a want of Attention to his 
Affairs from this delay, [ ] me that if the dis- 

tance on the [River the patents of Livingston & Van 

[Horne can be ob]tain'd and a line run West from the [ 
Colden & Van Horn to the Patent of R[udolph] Stally, or 
otherwise if a Survey of the River [be] made from the mouth 
of Inchannanado 1 R[iver to] the North East corner of Rudolph 
Stally [ ] the corners of Livingston & Hekemyer's 

Patent would be sufficient to enable him to make 

] Return. I take the liberty Sir to send you 

inclosed a Sketch of that part of the Country 

] shall be infinitely obliged to you if you 

w[ ] pleased to give directions to the Surveyor 

] the lines mentioned by M r Colden if 
] Winter, and I shall be very ready 
| extraordinary rate on Account of the [ 

1 Nowadaga creek, in the town of Danube, N. Y., W. M. Beauchamp, 
Aboriginal Place Names of New York, p. 93. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


attending such Bussiness at this 

year, Your 

Influence on this oc[ 
and I have | 

] the highest obligation 
] be with the greatest Respect — 
Your most obedient 

and very humble 


John French 
INDORSED: New York | 

M r . French [ 
a Map 


Your hands 


A. L. S. 

[December 22, 1767] 


] Gratitude humbly Acknowledges 
] which I have Received from [ 

] present Oblidges me Still to Implore 
]sente d Aid & if in Your Your power Your 


] By Report that the Smith who Sir [ 
ted at Misshanamokana is Discharged from Service if Your 
honour should & judge it Good [ readely 

Embrace the taken his place — 

] Id make it my Study to Oblidge the Indians to 
[the utjmost of my power: which prehaps might [ 
Redound to my Credit — 

I am Oblidg d at present to Disclouse prjesent 

Necessity and know no other person do it to but 

Sir william as I am at present [ ] distress for about 

fifteen pounds haveing to | a presshing unreason- 

26 Sir William Johnson Papers 

able Un Considerate [ j Submissairly Beging if that 

il was Convenient [ ] help me at this time and as Soon 

as possable [ ] it my Study and Endeavour to 

[ ] our Condecending kindness and par- 

don [ ]ming to Incroach on Your wonte d Linety 

[ ] from him who will and Ever Shall [ 

Sincear in any Enterprize or under [taking ] our shall Dure, so 
long as Life [ ] Devot d . and hum le Serv 1 

John Johnston 
[ ] Bar". 


Johnson hall Dec r . 23 d . 1767 — 

Altho' I Wrote You Since the receipt of your favor of 
February last, Yet the inportance of the Subject and my own 
ardent desire for promoting the interests of Religion in this 
Country are Sufficient inducements for my Saying Something 
more at this time. 

On my Sons return from England I found that he had not 
been so happy as to procure a Missionary for this place, but he 
informed me that y e . Society were endeavouring to procure one 
fit for the purpose, since Which the Clergy of New York have 
recommended the Rev d . M r Seabury of Westchester as a Very 
proper person, to which I have agreed provided your enquirys 
concerning one have not hitherto met with Success, & that M r . 
Seabury who has a family finds the allowance made by the 
Society with the Addition I have proposed Adequate to his Sub- 
sistence, wch I hope he may from the Extraordinary good Char- 
acter I have of him — About the same time I received Letters 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 27 

& a pamphlet in favor of an Episcopate in America, the reason- 
ableness of which on the footing proposed must appear evident 
to all Denominations, and therefore can require Little Strength 
from me — It is much desired by Numbers of the Most 
respectable persons in the Colonies who are Members of the 
Church of England & the difficulty we now Experience in pro- 
curing Clergymen for Missionarys &c here evidently shews the 
Want of such an Establishment, the present Necessity for 
receiving Ordination in England preventing many Young Men 
(otherwise well Qualified) from taking Orders, which alone 
would be a powerful! Argument in fav r . of an Episcopate with- 
out enlarging on the many other Advantages to be derived from 
it, its necessity towards the Well Government of the Church, & 
the Influence it must have towards promoting true Religion 
amongst the Natives — from a just Expectation of which I have 
in a Late Letter requested D r . Auchmuty to Signify my Inten- 
tions of Granting for ever toward the Support of an Episcopate 
20,000 Acres of Choice Lands out of a Grant for which I am 
now sollicitting his Majesty (as the first Ind n . Tract I ever 
applied for) in case I succeed according to my hopes, the Ind n . 
purchase of the Whole of which Tract (about 100,000 Acres) 
cost me already upwards of £2000 tho' intended as a Present 
by the Indians. — I formerly offered my Interest to Obtain a 
Tract from the Ind s . towards the Support of Missionaries, which 
I shall be ready at any time to do with his Majestys Approba- 
tion, and I doubt not to Succeed in such Manner as to procure a 
handsome Grant for Religious purposes. — 

The Present State of the Church of England particularly 
hereabouts must give concern to all Sincere professors of that 
Communion, and I fear it has in some degree Suffered thro' want 
of knowledge of this interior part of the Country, the North, 
& North West parts of the Province of New York comprehend 
an Extensive Tract of Country which in general in point of Soil 
Yields to None on the Continent & is much Superior on that 
head as well as from the Salubrity of the Air to the Neighbouring 

28 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Parts. — It Commands two Important Communications the one 
by a River & Lakes from Albany Northward to Montreal, the 
other Westward by the Mohock River to the 5 Great Lakes & 
the Interior Most Valuable part of the Indian Country which 
River is already settled in Length above 100 Miles West of 
Albany With These Advantages there can be no Doubt of its 
becoming within a few Years a very Thick Settled & Valuable 
Countryy& it is as Obvious that all its Inhabitants, from the little 
Religion now amongst them would shortly become Members of 
the National Church (as many of them now are) as well as that 
the Gospel would soon be spread by means of this Communica- 
tion amongst the sev 1 . Indian Nations to which this is the General 
Rout if Missionarys are timely appointed of that Church which 
it is the Interest & in my Opinion the duty of the Nation to 
Countenance & promote by every Opportunity, at present there 
are Good Churches of Stone erected at Albany, Schenectady, 
My Village of Johnstown, and that of the Mohocks, for one of 
them M r Brown was appointed, & is Still continued in the 
Society's Ann 1 . Publication, but from sev 1 . disagreements &ca 
will not be able to Succeed in this Country — the City of 
Albany & Town of Schenectady each require a Resident Clergy- 
man, & the latter the Church of England Men of which have 
erected a Good Church at their own Expence have been 
promised a Missionary. — The Church which I have erected at 
Johnstown I have already pointed out the Necessity of as well 
with regard to Indians as Whites & I hope that will be soon 
Settled, & that the Society will agree to a SchoolMaster there in 
which case, one shall be procured. The Church at the Mohocks 
has always been a Mission, but being united to Albany from 
whence it is distant 40 Miles, & where the Missionary generally 
resided, the Ind s . could receive little Improvement, at present, 
they have none at all, & the whole Nation has of late repeatedly 
complained to me therein, and lamented that they are so far 
Neglected — This Nation tho' at present Weak in Number, is 
the first of the Confederacy in Rank, & as it is called by them, 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 29 

the Door to the Six Nations, so is it the only Certain channell 
by which we can convey Instruction — with any Success, to the 
Rest, & from them to the powerfull Nat s . of the Lakes &ca, add 
to this that the Mohocks, & their Neighbours the Oneidas, have 
been both instructed & initiated into the Christ" Religion, and 
all the former, as well as many of the latter were bred in the 
principles of the Chh of England of which they are very 
Tenacious. What a fine prospect is therefore opened to us 
thro' these people, & What a pity it is to suffer them to be longer 
Neglected ! The Establishment of a Good Missionary & proper 
Catechist & School Master amongst them is therefore deserving 
Imediate attention, but unless such are Residents, their 
Appointm* will be to Small purpose, & to render them at all 
Convenient the late D r . Barclays house & farm is highly 
requisite. The Mohocks insist that they were Assured when 
they gave the Grant that it should ever be applied to that pur- 
pose, however M r . Barclay by Obtaining a Patent for it Secured 
it to his family, & it is now Let to a Farmer at £10 r* Ann. 
(Rents bearing no proportion to the Purchase of Lands here) 
But his heirs from a Sense of the Intentions of the Indian Donors 
will Sell the House which is of Stone, 2 Storys in height with a 
Very Good farm of Clear Land adjoining thereto for £500 
N York currency, altho' the real Value as such Lands are sold 
here would be £1000. Thus for £290 Ster. the Society could 
become vested of a Valuable Settlement for that Important Mis- 
sion, which with a Moderate Sallary would render a Missionary 
easy in his circumstances, & make it worth acceptance of a Man 
of Merit & Character — 

I am persuaded that I need not farther to enlarge upon, or 
recommend these Important Objects, having the Satisfaction to 
See the Zeal of the Society directed to them. But from the 
deplorable Wants of both Whites & Indians, the Amazing 
Prospect which the Proposed Establishments afford us, as well as 
some other circumstances which renders this the most Critical 
period I ardently wish to see them put into immediate Execu- 

30 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tion — As you will lay this Letter before the Society I have only 
to Express my sincere regard for them & assurances of endeavour- 
ing all in my power to become a Usefull a Member for promot- 
ing their Important, & Worthy designs & requesting the honor 
of their thoughts, or directions on these Subjects I remain with 
perfect Esteem Sir &ca 
D R Burton 

INDORSED: Dec r . 23 d 1767 

To Dr Burton Secy. 

to the Society &ca concerns 

Missions — 



Johnson hall December 23 d . 1767 


Since my last of the 1 st of this Ins 1 . I was favored with yours 
of the 2 d . of November inclosing Doctor Gales Letter to whose 
Ingenuity, Abilities, & Character I could not refuse the Satis- 
faction he requires concerning the plant which D r . Haller con- 
siders as Efficacious in the Cure of the Venereal disorder, touch- 
ing which I must acknowledge the Truth of D r Gales informa- 
tion having been communicated by me tho' without any View to 
my Names being Mentioned as I Since found it was — 

M r Kalm an Injinious Botanist from Sweden, on a tour 
thro' this Country for obtaining Usefull Subjects in the Way of 
his Study in the Year" applied to me for advice & Countenance 
to Enable him to prosecute his design, which he readily obtained 
with a Protection & Escorts of Indians that enabled him to go 
as far as the Great falls of Niagara, this deemed a bold Under- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

2 Peter Kalm visited Johnson in 1 749 and again in the following year. 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 31 

taking, in a Conversation with this Gentleman on his return con- 
cerning the Many Medicinal plants, which are Used with Great 
Success by the Indians, I took occasion to mention that which is 
the subject of this Letter, & Gratified his enquirys about it with 
an Exact description of the plant & an acct of its Extraordinary 
Effects by which means I Understand it Came to the Knowl- 
edge of D r Haller how far that Eminent Physician has been 
enabled to describe it I cant tell I shall therefore readily give 
D r Gale all the Information I can, as well as procure him the 
plant when the Season permits, heartily wishing it may thro' his 
Means be introduced & found beneficial to the publick in the 
Cases he describes. 

This plant as near as I can at present recollect has very white 
Fibrous Roots & Grows in the Stalk to about 2 feet in heighth 
bearing a flower the Cup of which is in the form of a bell, and 
of a fine Blue Colour, it Grows only in Cold Swampy Grounds, 
and is to be found in Many parts of this Country particularly on 
one part of my Estate, from whence I furnished M r . Kalm with 
the Specimen, The Indians use it both as a Decoction & Lotion 
they boil the Root, the Juice of which they Drink washing the 
parts Likewise with the Liquid, they also use it with great 
Success in Disorders of the Bowells, but in very Stubborn 
Venereal Cases they add to it another Root, which with the 
former I shall fully describe in the Manner required & also 
procure this for D r Gale as soon as possible in the Spring, for at 
present we have Two feet of Snow hereabouts, so that it cannot 
be had. — and this must at present apologize, for the imperfect 
description I have given of it. — 

There are Many Simples in this Country which are I believe 
unknown to the Learned, Notwithstanding the Surprizing Suc- 
cess with which they are administred by the Indians, this induces 
me to wish that Gentlemen of the Faculty had an Opportunity 
of Examining them and ascertaining their Effects. As I don't 
doubt obtain^ any Discoveries of that Nature from the Indians, 
I shall readily communicate them to D r Gale, who may make 

32 Sir William Johnson Papers 

what use he pleases of my Informations, altho' I very much 
doubt my ability for such descriptions as require some knowledge 
of a Science with which I am unacquainted — Please to 
Comunicate this, With My Compliments to that Gent. & be 
Assured that I am with much Esteem Sir 

D R . Sam l . Johnson 

INDORSED: Dec r . 23 d . 1767 

To D r . Sam 1 Johnson 
with an Accot of an Ind n . 
Plant for D r . Gale of 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 381-82, is listed a copy of a letter of 
December 23d from the lords of trade, at Whitehall, to the Earl of Shel- 
burne, considering evidences of Indian discontent, proceedings preliminary 
to running a boundary line, the course of this line as described by the 
Indians and the advantages of its establishment, advising that orders be 
sent to Sir William Johnson to settle this boundary and that in the survey 
no opportunity be created for encroachments in the Cherokee country. 
Signed, Clare, Soames Jenyns, Ed. Eliot, Wm. Fitzherbert and Thomas 
Robinson. (Inclosed in Shelburne's letter of January 8, 1768, to 
Johnson.) (Printed in Doc. rel. to Col Hist. N. Y. 7:1004-5.) 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 382, is listed a letter of December 24th 
to General Gage on the grounds and extent of Indian resentment, the 
Kayadarosseras patent, the inapplicability of the common law to the redress 
of Indian grievances, the crime of the Saguinam Indians, complaints of 
the Delawares, the coming of the Cherokee deputies and increase of 
salaries. (Printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:893-95; Q. 2:518-19.) 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 33 


Weu> York 24* Dec* 1767 

According] to Your desire by your Letter to me 
[ ] I take the Oppurtunity of conveying 

] Thousand Pounds New York Curr? [ 
with the several Bills, I have paid of [ ] paying 

M r Adams the Ballance due [ ] 1 1 th Sept r . last) 

amo ls to £1182:12:6 s«* as $ [ ] 

enclosed the Warrant & Receipts, & have given 
[ ] Credit for the Amount being £3633 : 1 0. 1 Vi 

] on me for the whole or any part [ 
best Suits You, will always meet [ Please to be 

so good to draw [ ] Sight, as I then have Notice 

of them [ ten]derd for payment, when I am 

[ ] pay them on being tendred for [ 

] long without News from England [ 
even with the September Mail. [ was brought] to bed 

three days ago, with a [ ] truly Wish you many 

happy [ ] great Regard 

Your most Obedient and 

most Humble Servant 

Ab m . Mortier 
by Sir William Johnson Baronet on M r . [ 
Warrant of 1 1 Sep'. 1 767. 

[ ] of 20 Oct* 1 in fav r of John Farrel for 

£2 1 2 : 1 4.6 [currency] 1 24 . . 4.8 1 / 2 

[ ] 10 Nov r in favor of John Muffat for 

£124.3.0 72.. 8.5 

[ ] 2 1 D°. In favor of Dan 1 Claus for £50 Cy 29 . . 3.4 

[ ] 26 D°. In favor of John Wetherhead 


34 Sir William Johnson Papers 

£340:12 Cy 198. 13. 8 

[ ] D°. In favor of John Farrel 

for £ 300 Cy 1 75 . - - 

[ ] Philip Schuyler of Albany £1000 Cy 583 . . 6. 8 

£1182.. 16.. 9V 2 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 382, is listed a letter of December 26th 
to General Gage on the arrival of Lieutenant Roberts, sent as a prisoner 
from Michilimackic, the commandant's interference with trade, the advis- 
ability of Robert's return to his post in the spring and propriety of in- 
demnifying him for the expenses of his journey. (Printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:895-96; Q. 2:519-20.) 


A. L. S. 

[Albany, Deer. 28, 1767] 

l ] 
Liberty to recommend M r Low 

] you in what ever you please [ 

] was Asked to joyn Some Gent n 
] to Sign a Petition Directed to you beging 
| M r Rogers Bills pay'd and also were 
| those Bills intended to git the Same 
| were Advised by our friends not to joyn 
] for fear of geting your Displeasure if Offer'd 
] therefore must take the Liberty to ask your Advise 
| Affair; we are Convinced of your good will 
| respects, & we return you our humble 
| have already done; your Directions [ ] d 

by us — 

| are near finish'd & Shall be Sent 
few days — I remain with respect 
Your most Obediant Humble Serv 1 . 


1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 35 


A. L. S. 

Green bush 28 th . Dec'. 1767 

[My brother] in law M r . Isaac Low informs [me that] he has 
ask'd the favour of transacting [your] business in N. York, 
which as it often is of [ a]m f . would be proper to have a 

security for the [per] formance, if therefore you should think 
to] send him your Commands, I shall (with 
]you) be sponsible for the execution. [ Van] 

Schaak has sent me a bill of [ dr]awn on you by M r . 

Benj: Roberts [in favor of Je] hu Hay endorsed to me, should 

acceptance but have not had an opp^ 
] that I may negociate it — 
Beg leave to wish you [ ] Season, and am with 

the g[reatest ] 

Your most Obe[dient Servant] 

Henry [Cuyler] 
To Sir W m . Johnson B l 


Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady Dec r . 28 th . 1767 

In Opening the Mail from York, a letter [ ] you 

happend to be fast to it, by Which the [seal] is Broke, I inclose 
the Seal of the Mail to [you to] Shew how it came, I hope to 
have the [pleas] ure of waiting on you in a few days, in [the] 

36 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Mean time wish You the full Enjoym 1 . of [all the] pleasures 
the Season Affords, And Am 

Dear Sir 
Your Most Obed'. Humble 
[ ]ws John Duncan 1 

] one 
[ ] Sir W m . Johnson 

from thomas shipboy 

L. S. 

[Albany, Dec'. 28, 1767] 

[ ] you have your Acco* with [me 

York Cur c y, & if Conveniant [would be] Oblig'd to you to 
send it ^ bearer [M r . DeLa]ncey, as I have a Large sum to pay 
[Next Week] and Cannot Raise Cash to answer it, [Your 
com]pliance with this, shall be ever Acknowledged] Dear sir 
your Sincair Friend & 

Most obed'. Hb e serv 1 

Thos Shipboy 


[Sir Will]iam Johnson 

Johnson's Hall 
^ fav' of | 

M r De Lancey 

L. S. 

Albany [ Dec'. 28, 1767] 

] you have your Acco 1 with me [ 
York Cur c y. & if Conviniant, would [be ob]lig'd to you, 

1 Postmaster at Schenectady. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 37 

to send it ^ bearer M r De[Lancey, as I] have a Large sum to 
Pay Next Week [and Cannot] Raise Cash Sufficient to Dis- 
charge [it. Your Co]mpliance with this will Greatly [ 
I wish you the Compliments of the [ ] Season & am 

Dear sir your 

Sincair Friend & 

most Obd* Hb e servt 

Tho. Shipboy 


Cap'. Guye Johnson 

Fort Johnson 
^ fav r of 
M r De Lancey 


A. L. S. 

[Albany, Dec'. 28, 1767] 

[ ] 23 d . Ultimo I Rec d . M'. Cartwrights [ ] 

have according to your desire taken [the liberty to] draw on you 
in his fav r . for the Amou*. [ ] sent you being 

£47. .9. .6 in honouring [which] you will greatly oblidge me I 
am for [James] Stevenson 

Your Most Obed 1 . 

& Humble Serv 1 . 
John Stevenson 

from daniel campbell 

A. L. S. 

[Schenectady, Dec r . 29, 1767] 

M r . Cartwright 6 Strong Buck Skins dressd in 

[ ] is best as you wanted them for the Use of your 

| I am verry Sorry I Could not do my Self the 

38 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] last Monday — at the Prossesion — I had a 

[ ] day — which prevented my going up [ I have 

nothing] further to add at present — than that I [ ] 

Sir With Great Respect 

Your most Obed' & 
Verry humble Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
[Sir William John] son Baronet 


[New York, December 29, 1767] 

I 1 

[ ] this will Sufficiently [ 

] the Whole by this Opputunitey [ 
be but Shall be able to Send [ ] be wanted — ■ 

I have not time [ ] that I am with the greatest 

Truth & [ ] 

Sir Your most Hble & Obed Servant 

John Wetherhead 
ADDRESSED: Honble Sir William [Johnson] 

Johnson Hall 
Pork to the Care of 
M r John Van Eps 

D. S. 2 

[ 3 

[ the aforesaid George Croghan] 

amount] of Four Thousand 
j as is in his power to make out, 

1 "About pork sent and to be sent," Johnson Calendar, p. 382. 

2 "Account of sundry losses and expenses from 1 757 tc 1 767," Johnson 
Calendar, p. 383. Undated. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 39 

[ w] aging War against his Britannick [Majesty 

] seizing and distroying the Effects of the 
] in their Country Thirteenth day of May 

Geo: Croghan 


to M r Trent 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 383, is entered an undated document 
which was destroyed by fire: names of the field officers of Colonel (Sir 
William) Johnson's regiment, on the back, some business memoranda. 
It apparently belongs to 1 767. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 383, is listed a map, mutilated and nearly 
effaced, of the country between the Mohawk river and the Normans kill, 
showing the number of men which it would furnish to the militia. (Prob- 
ably 1767.) 



We had lately a meeting of the principal part of the Kayador- 
osseres Proprietors, when M r . Beekman communicated to them 
the Conference he lately had with you upon the Subject of an 
Accommodation with the Indians, as to the Disputes subsisting 
between them and us, with Regard to the Boundaries of that 

This matter having occasioned frequent Complaints on the 
part of the Indians ; and the Proprietors being disposed to satisfy 
them by a reasonable and moderate cession of some part of 
what they nevertheless look upon to be their undoubted Right, 
desired M r . Beekman to treat with you upon the Subject. And 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

40 Sir William Johnson Papers 

being at the same time persuaded that you could not but be dis- 
posed, considering your office, to further any measures that might 
tend to an amicable accommodation of any Dispute between the 
Indian nations and the Crown Patentees, they had some Reason 
to expect your Interposition for bringing about this Settlement: 
And as you was kind enough to tell M r . Beekman that nothing 
on your Part should be wanting to that End: We, who are a 
Committee for the Proprietors, beg Leave to signify, that the 
Proprietors confide in that Declaration and have desired us to 
trouble you with these Proposals — 

In what is now offered we would not be understood to act 
under the Influence of any apprehension. That our Title, or the 
Boundaries of the Patent can be doubtful, when that, and the 
Indian Deeds we have are compared together — And we can- 
not but think it extremely clear That our Western Station upon 
Schenectady River is fixed with the greatest Precision, at about 
five miles above Abeels Patent: yet notwithstanding this as the 
Proprietors are desirous that the uneasiness of the Indians should 
be removed, They rather incline to give up part of their Right, 
that they may enjoy the Rest in peace — 

If therefore the Indians who make this Claim, will by a proper 
instrument in writing to be devised on both Sides quit all future 
Pretence of Right or Claim to the Lands comprehended within 
this Patent, the Proprietors consent to Release to them or for 
their use all that part of the Land which lies to the Westward of 
a Line from Tuictenondo Kill 1 to the northwestermost head of 
Kaydorosseres Kill, beginning opposite to that part of the Kill 
at forty Chains to the Westward of the West Bank of Tuic- 
tenondo Kill and if that Creek tends in any Part to the West- 
ward of that Line then to leave to Kayaderoseres all that part 
of the Creek and the Lands West of such Part of the Creek 
within forty Chains from the West Bank thereof. 

As we are assured You must wish to see this Controversey 
with the Indians happily terminated; We beg that you would 

1 North Chuctenunda, in Fulton and Montgomery counties. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 41 

lay this Proposal before them, and if it appears to be reasonable, 
we rely upon your Endeavours to make it effectual, to the final 
and lasting Settlement of this Dispute — We would beg the 
favour of your answer as soon as may be convenient. 

In order that the Indians may be convinced that the Proprie- 
tors intend to carry this Proposal into Execution, we inclose a 
Copy of the Vote taken at their meeting, which appears to be 
unanimous as to all that were present. 

We are Your humb : Serv ls . 
INDORSED: Copy of letter to 
S r . W m Johnson 

A. L. S. 1 

[I ] very sorry to find by your favour that you have [been] 
Indisposed, and should be very glad if you could come up: If 
not I must request the favour of you [to] settle matters, that I 
am go down; with the return of the first convoy. If there is to 
be any Accomodation with the Indians I dare say the Delawares, 
most of them will be fond of it as a great many of them were 
much against the War. 

I have Acquainted M rs . R-t-n with what you [desired] She 
is well & desire to be remembered to you be so good as write 
my father first oppertunity [ ] him know I am well. 

M r . Hutchins presints his [co]mpliments. 

I am D r Sir 
Your very Humble 

Alexander McKee 
[ ]an Esq r . 


George Croghan Esq r . 

Fort Bedford 

1 Not dated; probably earlier than 1 768. 

42 Sir William Johnson Papers 

D. 1 


[ . 2 J 

in America [ ] last made a 

purchase for [ ] the Oneida 

Indians of a [ ] Land which in the Indian deed 

for [ ] is thus described to wit Beginning [ 

East Side of Segaghquitna 3 at about thr[ee mi]les distance from 

the South Side of the Mohawks River and running from thence 

due South twenty English Miles then [ ] South Eighty 

degrees East twenty Miles [ ] or less to the patented 

Lands thence [ ] the Bounds of the Several patents 

and [ ] the Line of a Tract commonly called Cosby 

Manor to Segaghquitna aforesaid thence along the said Creek to 

the place of Beginning including all Vacancies Containing by 

Estimation about one hundred and fifty Thousand | ,] 

[ 2 ] 

[ ] Know Ye that We do by [ ] 

for and in behalf of the said Oneida Indians that the said Mis- 
take may be rectified in the Survey and pa [tent of] said Tract 
of Land And that a South [ ] as and for the first 

Course of the [ ] Tract shall in that part be the 

] the said Tract as if the same had be [ 
expressed in the said Deed In Witness [ ] have hereunto 

set our hands & Seals [ ] day of 

in the Year of our [ ] Seven hundred and Sixty 

Seven 4 

Sealed signed & delivered 
in presence of — 

1 In the Johnson Calendar, p. 382, this paper is thus described: " con- 
sent by the Oneida Indians to the rectification of the boundary specified 
in the Indian deed of a tract south of the Mohawks River conveyed to 
Governor Henry Moore. (Not dated or signed.)" 

2 Several lines missing. 

3 Sauquoit creek in Oneida county. 

4 Not otherwise dated. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 





some triffling [ 

Necessaries [ 

Market the [ 

path of [ 

their peacable Disposition 

tions towards us and [ 

Commandant is that Trade [rs 


x ] 

] for 

] Come to 

] the Chain or 

Declaration of 

] Amiacable inten- 

] Request to the 

| into their Respective 

Countrys that their Wiv[es and ] Children, old men Friends 
& Country [ ] Supply d . with such things as having 

been long [accus]tomed to the Use off — they Cannot Com- 
fortably ] Patiently Subsist with out — 

But I forbear any one of the Least Sensib[ ] May 

Imagin somthing of the pain & Chagr[rin] that a Commandant 
must feel when he fmd[s him] self obblidged to Answer that he 
Cannot permit Traders to Come Nearer to them then this 
Garrison and if they want Goods they Must Come hither for 
them and what must be the Consternation the Uneasiness the 
Displeasure, and Resentment of the tribes & Nations when their 
Chiefs Return with this UnExpected Malencholy but Possitive 
Answer [who] Can Answer for the Measures they may Take 
in th[ose] Circumstances and will not a Neighbouring 
Amb[ ] 

[ m '] 

inroads] and Encroachments 

[ trouble] to his Britanic Majesties 

already] have done it and are doing it Daily 

[ before — 

1 Several lines missing. 

44 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] will add no more upon this Head the Point 

[ ] clear & obvious that it Needs not be Enlarg d 

or insisted 

I Shall Conclude the Whole I have to Say with the 
following Queries, in the Speedy judicious & wise 
Decision of which I think the British Interest Ma- 
terially Concearned (Viz). 

Querie 1 . is it the Interest of Great Brittain to Keep the Tere- 
tories and Possessions in North America ceeded to 
her by the last treaty or to Give up or Neglect a Part 
of them and Suffer a Neighbouring Nation to becom 
Possess d of any Fortified in the Same 

Querie 2 d is it the Interest of Great Britain to secure and if 
Possible increase her trade of Furr & peltery with the 
Savages or to Suffer that Branch of trade to be Cur- 
tail or to Dwindle and fall into the hands of her 

Querie 3 d is not the Largest Chanel of the Furr & Peltery Trade 
in North America so Circumstanced & Situated that 
the Security and increase of it Greatly Depends upon 
the Due Regulation & wise Managment of Indian 
Affairs at the Post of Michillimackinac 

f '] 

t ]5 [ ] 

trade in these [ 
Michillimackinac [ 

of any Other that | ] Execu- 

tive officers for [ ] from time 

to time and th [ ] 

Querie 6 Would it not Contribute to [ 

Not only to Keep the post of Michillimackinac 

with a Sutable Number of Brave Men 

! but to Send into and Station in this 

1 Query 4 burned away. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 45 

Country [ ] of Light Troops who might 

March upon any [ ] to its out post, 

to be Employ d in Exploring the [ ] 

awing the Savages & Making fresh Discoveries 
Querie 7 Since it is in fact true, and Can be Supp[orted by] 
a Multitude of Witnesses the French at Michill- 
[imackinac] S f . Josephs the Green Bay S f . Maries and 
other [ ] this Country where they are Lurking 

and w[alking up] & down are an indolent Sloathfull 
Sett of V[agabonds] ill dispos d to the English and 
having great influen[ce] over the Savages are Con- 
tinually Exiting their [ Jealousies and 
stiring up their Hatred and Revenge against us, Ought 
they not then fo[ ] as Speedyly as Possible 
to be Removed out of the Country for the Better 
Security of British Subjects and British Trade — 

[ '] 

[ ] Number of Indians to Michilli[mackinac 

] by them to Prevent their trading 

] since they already have 

send]ing out traders to Post on Lake 

] & Michigan and into the Country of the 

] which Acts are Menifest Encroachments 

upon the teretories & trade of Great Britain — 

Ought not the Government to pay a Serious and 
Speedy Attention to these Encroachments and Enter 
upon Some Effectual Measures to Prevent them — 

if the Above Queries be answered in the affirmative 
as they Certainly Must the following Plans Seem 
Absolutly Necessary to Gain the Great and Valuable 
Ends hinted at and proposed by them (Viz) 

Which is Humbly submited to the better Judgment 
of his Majesty and the Government of Great Britain 
who at all times have Consulted the Interest of his 

Several lines missing. 

46 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Majesties Subjects but more Especially at this Glori- 
ous Period of the British Annals (Viz) 

That Michillimackinac and its Dependencies 
Should be Erected into a Civil Goverment — 

[ •] 

Injurious and [ | Country by 

openi[ng ] to enter & encroach 

upon [ ] the friendship of many 

Savages [ ] Enmity rage & Brutal 

Revenge [ ] his Majesties Subjects 

in this part of [ ] known that the Revenge 

of a Savage is not [ ] or Justice but falls at 

Random upon the [ ] with any ways related 

to or Connected with [ ] whom he has Received 

a Real or Suppos d In [jury] 

It should also be Considered that the Sum [ 
Thousand Pound is not the whole loss that Great [Britain] must 
suffer by Such a Restriction for what Ever [ ] British 

Manufactures or puts a stop to those Employ [ed] by which 
British Subjects Decently Subsist 6t in [crease] their substance 
may be Justly Estimated a Pub [lie] or National Loss, now 
according to the above Estimate such a restriction of trade will 
Annually hinder [the] Sale of Forty Five Thousand Pounds 
worth [ ] in Quebec of Goods chieHy of British 

Manufacture] and as it must Hinder the Sale of them then 
[ ] will also hinder the importing them from 

London to Quebec & from thence to Michillimackinac an [ 
that proportion Effect our Shipping or Naval in[ 
and in America it must Immedially turn out [ 

] that by such Employments [ 

gre]atly increase their substance 

consequently add to the Riches of the Nation 

So that upon the whole the Clear Profits of 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 47 

[ ] lost by such a restriction of trade ought not 

to be Estimated more than one half of the real loss it must be to 
the Nation — 

It should be observed the Profits of this trade does not Come 
to British subjects in Cash but what is much better in Furr & 
peltry all which are to be manufactured and turned perhaps to 
ten times their original Value before they Come to the Highest 
Market — 

I Cannot but think what has Been said is abundantly suf- 
ficient to Convince Every one that it is greatly for the interest 
of Great Britain not to Restrict the Indian Trade to the Post of 
Michillimackinac but to Extend it open & Free with all reason- 
able Encouragement to the Several Out Posts that have hereto- 
fore been looked upon Dependent upon it, and that have for 
Many Years since been Annually supply d from it and Even to 
Extend it further if Possible into the Interiour Country to tribes 
& Nations of Savages at Present unknown — 

It will here only subjoin that same National Advantages May 
arrise and those not [ ] 

[ •] 

Governor and one who [ ] is Pritty 

Obvious from what has [ ] Governor many on 

Many Occasions [ ] at a Great Distance from the 

[ ] Case Since my arrival at this [Garrison] 

Repeated Belts & Messages to Visit the Indians [ 
en their Vilages and has been absolutly oblidged [ 
at which times one may be oblidged to leave [ ] to one 

no ways Known to Indian Affairs which [ ] Absolutly 

Necessary to have a Second well Exper [ienced] as well with the 
Manners of the Indians so Like [wise with] the Nature of the 
Trade of this Country, one [ ] friend to Civil 

Power and to trade who need be [ ] Expence to 

the Goverment then Having the Sec[ ] of Ranger 

with a Moderate Allowance for C[ in the 

1 Several lines missing. 

48 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Governors Absence — 

If to this plan it should be Objected that the [ 
of Small Garrisons and Post to the Westward under the [ 
of Regular troops would answer all the purposes of the [ 
it is plain they Cannot from many Obvious Reasons [ 
Regular Troops who must be Often Changed Can Nev[er 


[ ] one for their [ 

] Experience in these things and who [ 
] by and Make it the Business of their [ 

These Small Garrisons being weak and at a Great Distance 
one from another and under the Command of Inferiour Officers 
are liable to be Surprized or taken by force at all times by the 
Savages Numb rs . of Whom are allways Dispos d . to Commit such 
Depredations as a Savage Heroism or for Plunder as happen d 
in the Last Indian War 1 763 — 

The inferiour officers and soldiers in small Posts Both from 
their Circumstances and their being not immediatly under the 
Eyes of their superiours, have Great Temptations to Yield to 
Corruption & to Tyrannize over the Merchants & People in 
Civil life — Whereas by the proposed plan all are under A Civil 
Power and the Governor Commandent of the Troops and Agent 
to the Indians which would Cause Every Branch to be Count- 
enanced for the Mutual Saftey of Each Other-y- 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

] may be 

Necessary [ ] King &c for 

Approbation [ ] Agent for the 

Indians & C [ ] May be ordered to 

Garrison [ ] See a Divided Power, 

which | and Contemn, and have 

Author[ Governor his Deputy when 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 49 

the S[ ] him to Visit the Indians at a Distance 

] Quarrils and Wars among the Savages w[hich 

] Disadvantageous to the publick & to trade 

] to Remove incroachments of the french & 

Spanish [ ] other Grievancies that May Occur at the 

Out Post[ts ] Teretories — 

For the futur preventing of which a[ ] the inten- 

tions of the French & Spaniards of [ ] the Indians 

between Lake Superiour an Lake [ ] and the River 

Mississippi to Trade with them [ ] their Villiges or 

Settle their Habitation on the [ ] the Said Rivir which 

they Actually are Attempting a[t this] time by Sending Belts 
& Messages amongst the [ ] to that purpose with 

large presents to induce [ ] 

[ '] 

] and many other Dangers [ 
being of trade of this Distance [ 

s]ituated part of his Majesties Dominions 
absolutely Necessary that a Body [ 
| or Rangers well Disciplined be fix [ 
district under the Command of the Gover[nor] three or More 
Companies as Shall Seem [ ]ry, with power to 

Detach them to any Post [ ]n it May be Needful 

or to Station a part of [the]m on those Parts of the Frontiers 
most Expos d to the Encroachments Mentioned above, at Proper 
Seasons of the Year Such as the Mouth of the Ouis[cons]ing 
where it Joyns the Mississippi where the Said Encroachments are 
Notorious or other Such Places 

That the Governor & his Counsel Should Report in all Civil 
Matters or in Affairs Rilating to the Indians to the King & 
Counsel and that a fixed Sum should be allowed annually for 
Presents to the Indians to Keep them peacable and well Dispos d . 
towards his Majesties Just & Mild Government Such as shall be 
though Reasonable & Adequate for a Post to which More then 

1 Several lines missing. 

50 Sir William Johnson Papers 

one third of the Indians on the Continent Resort besides many 
Other Nations to the Westward as far Even as the Pacific Ocean 
that [ ] 

[ x ] 

Nine Keggs of [ ] 

One Kegg of Flints [ ] 

ten Kegs of British [ ] 

four Casses of Iron w[ire? ] 

Two Cases of Guns 

Two Bales of Brass Kettles 

Two Cases of looking Glasses & Combs &c. 

Five Bales of Manufacture 1 Carrot Tobacco 

Twelve Baggs of Shot & Ball 

One Box of Silver work & wampum 

Which Goods at the lowest Value at Quebec 

Amount to £450 Sterling <i$ Canoe prime Cost 

of 100 Canoes £4500 [0 ] 

To Which I may also add the Price of 

the Canoes together with the Wages of 

Upwards of an 1 000 Men which are Annually 

employ'd in this trade beween spring and 

Harvest to Navigate S d Canoes £95.10 

for Each Canoe 955 [0 

Wages of Clerks or Commins Employ'd 

in Said trade Computed at about 3888 [ 

Carried Over 58438 [ ] 

[ x ] 

[ ] with the 

the] Said Goods from 
[ ] side to 

] from Albany 
[in order to be ] about 1 740 . . . .- 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 51 

Provisions such as Beef Pork 
Biscuit & Peas &c about 720. .0. .— 

Prime Cost & Total Expence of 1 00 Canoes to 
Michillimackinac 60898 . . 00 . . - 

So Shall the Total amount of the Merchandize with the outfitt 
and Expences arrises to Sixty Thousand Eight Hundred & 
Ninety Eight Pounds in Case the trade be Open & free to the 
Different out Posts & these Regulated properly by the Com- 
mandant or Governor of Michillimackinac So that the whole 
may by equally Divided, as in the time of the French which I 
have not Reason to think is Exaggerated — On the Other Hand 
if trade is to be Confm^. to this fort Only and the Traders not 
allow d . to go beyound it ten Canoes will be sufficient which with- 
out Making any DirTerance in the Prime Cost of Goods & Ex- 
pences Will Amount to £ 6089. . 16. .0 

[ l ] 

Annually [ ] the prime Cost 

of those Goods [ ] & transporting 

them from thence | ] Quantity that it 

will take [provided the trade be free] and Open to said posts 

In the next place the number of [ ] of 

Goods that will be sufficient to supply the post of M [ichillimacki- 
nac] provided the Trade is confined to that & no Traders 
suff [ered to] make sale of their Goods at the out Posts — 

List of Posts and the Canoes Necessary to Supply | 

in Lake Huron Canoes 

Saguenaum Bay 
Machidash & River au Sable 

In Lake Michigan 
La Grand River and a few small Posts depending 
Saint Josephs & its Dependencies 
Milwatee [ ] 

1 Several lines missing. 

52 Sir William Johnson Papers 

La Bay & its Dependencies 3 [ 

In Lake Superiour on the South Side [ 

Saint Maries [ 

La Point Chagouamigan including Saint Ance Lafond 
du Lac la River Serpent & Petit Ouinehpeek 8 [ 

68 [ 
Carried Over 


large] Canoes 

which is] Equal to 4 

] On the Interiour parts of the country 
] to the West & N West of Lake Superiour 
| Six small Canoes equal to 3 

] Small D° Equal to 1 

River du Beuf and la River Onipique 
three Small Canoes Equal to V/z 

Fort La [ ] Five Small D°. Equal to 2|/2 

La Biche three Small D°. Equal to 1 Vi 

Fort Dauphin three Small D°. Equal to 1 Vl 

Dupais five Small D°. Equal to 2|/2 

Laprari five small D°. Equal to 2 J/2 

To the Sioux 2 

if the foregoing Posts are all 
Supply d . Agreable to the above plan I am 
Well Informed that no more than About 
Six Canoes would be Annually Consumed 
at Michillimackinac 

Large Canoes 100 

One Hundred Canoes will not be more than Sufficient for the 
Annual Consumption if this Trade be Extended under Proper 
Regulations to the Out posts the load for one of Which when 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 53 

made up in Montreal into Bales of about Ninety Pounds French 
Weight for the Convenience of Carving them Round the falls & 
passed on the Awawa 1 or North River [ ] the Rout to 

Michillimackinac is as follows — 

[ '] 

is chiefly with [ ] Recourse 

there who [ ] Supply d . From 

thence with [ ] as to those Indians 

who live at [ ] South Westerly Banks 

of Lake [Erie ] or Regulations to the 

Contrary [ ] Such a Number of Pack 

Horses w[ill ] that way from Philadelphia to 

Det[roit ] Goods as will be Sufficient to 

Supply [ ] reasonably Suppose but that the Trader 

will [ ] Submit to Such a Constraint as he is Saved 

from [ ] his bonds given to the Commissary at Fort Pitt 

] a Prospect of making a quick and Advantagious 
Return for his Goods, the Very same is the Case at Mamee 
where Pontiac has taken up his Residence [ | two Win- 

ters Past he certainly will make no scrup[le of] sloping such a 
Number of Canoes passing between Detroit and the Illinois as 
are sufficient to suppl[y his] Band — This being the case 
[tri] vial Injury or Inconveniency can arrise to [ 
the Savage or the State by Restricting Indian [trade] to Detroit 

And to Avoid Repetitions upon this Subject 
much the Same holds true of fort Pitt and the Posts at the 
Illinois the Savages Depended upon those posts for supplys of 
Goods are Either so near to them that they Can Easily Repare 
thither — 

[ 2 ] 

] supply them 
Phi]ledelphia to Pittsburg, from Pittburg 
| from both those posts to the Illinois or from 

1 Ottowa. 

2 Several lines missing. 

54 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] Fort Chartres, a trade is also Carryed on from 

] Boats down the Ohio by which Many Savages 
[ ] Supply d &c — 

It need not surely be Repeated that the Case [of] Michilli- 
mackinack is Very Differant, this is the [ ] or Frontier 

British Post in America, it is or ought to be a Barrier to all that 
may Come Westerly North Westerly or South Westerly to the 
Pacifick Ocean it is or ought to be a Beacon from which a most 
Extensive and as yet unknown Territory is watched & obeserved 

it is or ought to be a Store House fraught with all Manner of 
Necessaries for the Constant Supply of almost innumerable 
Bands tribes & Nations of Savages Savages Remov d . from it 
five six & Eight Hundred and Some a Thousand Leagues who 
Cannot Annually Nor Ever in their lives Visit it as a Market, 
they Must Loose one Years Hunt to Make A sale of another 
they Must leave their famelies Distress d & Starving, their Country 
& Substance Naked and Expos d . to Enemies and perhaps perish 
themselves with Hunger and want on their way, Savages long 
accustom d to have traders Annually with supplies in their Respec- 
tive Countries [ 

[ 1 

Absolutely Necessary [ 

Subsisting with any Comfort [ J or 

accident they must often [ J if 

Traders are not among them or Near [ 

the Loosing or Breaking a Hatchet or two | ] Lay 

a whole famely under Great inconvenience [ 
month together, the Spoiling of a small [Quantity ] the break 
ing a Spring of a gunlock &c may be | ] of Destroying 

a whole seasons Hunt and of Distressing] and Sterving a Num- 
erous famely; whence tis Ea[sy to] infer that Confining trade 
to the Post of Michillimackinac will greatly Diminish our trade 
Even with those Savages that will still Depend upon it for their 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 55 

Supply s [for the] Savage Can trade only in Proportion to his 
indust[ery] and success in Hunting, nor is it difficult to 
Coll[ect] bad Tendencies, Such a Confinment of trade must 
[ ] by Exasperating and procuring the ill will of 

th[ose] Savages who have been accustomed (and their Fathers 
before them) Annually to Expect Traders with Supply s of such 
Articles as they wanted their Hunting Grounds or winter Quar- 
ters will not the Necessitous distressed and hungry Savage con- 
clude that this hurt & ruin [ 

[ '] 

[ ] be added that it is utterly [ ] 

[ ] many of those Savages who are within the 

[ ] that would be dependant on Michillimackinac 

[ ] trade Confin d . to that only) to Carry their [furs 

& pel] try there first many of them have not & [ ] 

Conveyencies Secondly Many Others must Leave their wives & 
Children to Starve & Perish in their absence and lastly the Situa- 
tion and Circumstances of Some Nations and tribes are Such that 
were they obblidged to Carry to the Single Market of Michilli- 
mackinac the Produce of their Years hunt or any part of it, 
they must leave their wifes & Children not only in a distress d 
Starving Condition but Liable Every day & Hour to becom 
slaves and their Whole Country & substance be left a Prey to 
Neighbouring Savages, the Differant Nations and tribes are now 
often at war with Each other and it is Very Certain these Ani- 
mossities would increase Greatly when they Come to have dif- 
ferent Connexions, Seperate Channels of trade and as it were 
Opposite interests, I Cannot but think what has been Said is 
Sufficient to Convince any one that the above Estimate of the 
Odds between Confining the trade to the Post of Michillimacki- 
nac only and Extending it free and open to the out posts at 
present Dependent upon it, Neither pertial nor improbable and 
that Such a [ *] 

Annually [ 

Several lines missing. 

56 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Six and Eight hundred [ ] West 

Nor West and Sou West [ ] Say 

what Valuable Discoveries [ j this 

Means, and at any rate the [ ] Other 

Europian Nation from [ ] Considerable 

footing in th[ ] Might be Detrimental 

to us, it would [ ] of British Subjects 

acquainted with the River [ ] Plains and passes 

of the Country in a Good [ ] who would serve for 

Guides & Conductors in Case of [ ] Emergincy it would 

give us an Oppertunity of [ ] in some good Measure the 

Temper & Resolution | ] the Savages with regard to us 

lrom time to time [ ] it would be as was hinted before 

a probable means of [ ] Conciliating and Attaching 

great Numbers of [savages] to the British interest who upon any 
Occasion [would] prove our steadfast friends & Faithhill 
Allies — 

Now the Case with regard to the other [ 
Posts Below is Very Differant and no One Reason off [ers] for 
Extending the trade to the Out Posts Can with any Strength or 
Propriety be urged for Either of them. 

To begin With Oswego There is no Savages Dependant upon 
that Post for a Supply of Necessaries or whose Furr & Peltry 
Comes to that Market but What at almost any Season may 
Easily Repair [ 

[ ] and be supply d . with what 

[ever they have occasion for, and indeed the trade with the 

[ ] Oswego is now Very inconsiderable and if 

] three or Four Branches it would not be worth 

] while to Go after either of them, so that no ill 

| can follow from a Restriction of trade [to] 

that Post, nor is the Case of Niagara widly Differant From that 

of Oswego the trade with the indians indeed is larger, but there 

are no Savages who are Originally Supply d . from that Post or 

Several lines missing. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 57 

that Make it their Usual Market, but what may Repare to it at 
all seasons of the year in a Very short time and Return again 
to their Hunting Grounds or places of Residence, or in Case of 
any Emergency may send a Band of their Young men or War- 
riours and be Quickly supply d . with WhatEver they have 
Occasion for, Indeed there is no out Post beloning to Niagara 
So Considerable that any Trader would Chuse Regularly to 
attend and supply it were he permited or desired to do it as 
therefore No great Disadvantage to the trader or inconvenience 
to the Savagjs if any at all, Can arise from a Restriction of trade 
to this Post, there Can I think be no Solid objection why such 
Restrictions Should not take Place there — And as to Detroit the 
Case Differs very little from that [ ] 

[ '] 

Shillings of [ ] loose Annually 

about | ] Hundred Pounds 

] intirly fall on the 
part of his Majesties Subjects [in the Province] of Quebec 
Perticularly within the District [ ] 

of Montreal who Chiefly depend on this Branch of Commerce 
for their Support — 

This Estimate perhaps [ ] seem Pertial to Some, 

but as I am Confident it is very [ ] the truth So I am 

Perswaided it will be approv d . of by [such] as are tolerable 
Acquainted with the Situation of [ ] Michillimackinac 

with regard to the out Post above Mentioned and to the Several 
Nations Tribes & [ | Indians trading to them — 

In the first Place it Should be | ] that if the trade be 

confined to Michillimackinac few if any Indians from the 
west [ 

[ '] 

] Spaniards will, who [ 
] of the Sioux and at [ 
| Michigan so that we shall wholly [lose the 

Several lines missing. 

58 Sir William Johnson Papers 

trade of (?)] Thirty Thousand Indians which we [ 

it be Extended to the out Posts and there Properly [ 

would be of the utmost Moment, but it is not all, we [should] 

also loose their Friendship and their Attachment to the French 

& Spaniards would becom Stronger so that we Should have them 

For our most dangerous & Implaccable Enemies. — 

Secondly we not only wholly loose the trade of such Numbers 
of Savages by a Confinement of trade to Michillimackinac but 
those Nations Tribes & Bands that will continue to Supply 
themselves from that Post will not trade near so largely, perhaps 
Not More then two thirds of the Value Annually that they 
would do were Traders allow'd to Visit & supply them at their 
Hunting Ground or Winter Quarters — 

The reason of this is plain the presence of the Traders With a 
Supply of Such Articles as the Savage wants, Excites and en- 
courages him to Greater industery & assiduity in Hunting it 
Annimates men Women & Children to Exert themselves to the 
utmost for the procuring of what they Can upon the spot imme- 
diatly Barter For Such things as will be Usefull or Ornemental 
to them — 

INDORSED: Plan for a New 

Governm 1 . by M r . R— 1 
Anno 1767 — 


We are in [great 

We Indians have always [ ] among us — 

The great M[en | been wanting to purchase 

our[ distantly & underhanded 

with | I being careless & easy & not 

1 In the Canadian Archives, Vol. IX, p. 459-71, Ottawa, Can., is a 
collection of papers and letters relative to Rogers' conduct and designs 
at Michilimackinac. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 59 

looking | ] have brought ourselves into 

this difficulty [ ] an Opinion we always 

retaind that it was in [ ] of our Nation to act 

according to their own Laws & [ ] and not to be 

govern'd & dictated by other Nations, especially [ ] in 

electing our King or Sachem & dethroning him if [ ] for — 

It always has been a Custom among [ ] to crown our 

Sachem, upon Conditon of his strictly adhear[ ] to the 

good of the Nation & advice of his Friends — [ ] by 

breaking any of the Laws or Customs of the Nation he forfeits 
his Sachemship — In former times Sachems have been deposited 
on their breaking the Laws & Customs of the Indians — And 
we think we have gone according to the Laws & Customs of our 
Nation in dethroning this our Sachem ; and have always accepted 
the Laws & Customs of our Nation as good & wholsome — 
Those that endeavor to git our Lands from us say, it is not in 
the Power of the Nation to dethrone the Sachem — As it was 
in the Power of the Nation to put him in; we think it is in the 
Power of the same to turn him out — We have always had 
Enemies who begun about 60 years ago, as Your Honour may 
see by the Copy of the Grant inclos'd — [ ] ted any 

nations [ ] or any thing of that 

Counsel] of the Nation; till 
this [ ] wise — Those Gentlemen 

who [ ] begun to plot about 

60 years ago; did [ ] and then 

no & then a great Man [ ]ent, whose 

Design is to git from us | J & they think, now they have 

almost accomplish'd | | end, in gitting the Advantage 

of us by this present Sachem — 

This is only to inform his Honour, how craftily they have 
work, [ endeavouring to rob us poor Indians of our 

Land — 

As the Rev d M r Graves, has been our great Friend, 
in many Instances appear'd studious for the good of the 

60 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Indians — I have always put great Confidence in him and to 
lose such a Friend is a very great loss — the Indians have been 
dec d . so often, that they grow jelious — when M r , Graves 
petioned Home for a School to be set up among us it was 
granted — And M r Graves perhaps not understanding that M r 
Cross was an Enemy to us, appointed him to have the Care & 
Inspection of it. But as M r Cross has prov d . himself an Enemy 
to the Indians they wou'd be glad to have nothing to do with 
him — Since M r Graves appointed him, s d Cross has bought of 
the Sachem the best Spot of fishing ground they have — and so 
we think it is best to have to do w h him as little as possible. 

We should have been glad to have rec d M r Cross as Over- 
Sier, if we cou'd have done it w h Safety to ourselves, & the rather 
because we were unwilling to Affront or disobliege M r Graves — 
It is not from any Prejudice against M r Graves or Slight of the 
Favour Your Honour shew'd us relating to that Affair that [ 


will consider with [ 

It is J [ ] write to 

your Hon r . as often [for ] that we shou'd 

not trouble you [ ] Letters — But 

the Extravigant [ ] us to inform — His 

Creditors have seized all [ ] and he says, as he is 

ruined, he intends to [ruin? | the Indians — cheif of the 

Land, that the Indians [ ] in Possession of are upon 

sale — I suppose Your [Honour] has rec d a Letter sent some 
time ago — And I [see j no Method, that will be so effectuall, 
as sending [ for If your Honour will please to con- 

sider us, and give us advice in this critical Juncture, we shall be 
greatly obblig'd to Your Hon r — for we depend upon, and act 
nothing of importance without the Consent & Advice of Your 

From your very humble Servent 

Tobias Shaddick 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 61 

P. S. The Bearer Thomas Koyse 

can inform His Honour the State of the Indians — 

addressed: To His Excellency 

S r . William Johnson 
Johnson Hall 
P r . Thomas Coyhu 


Narraganset Papers 
1767 1 



[I have] taken great pains to get the Scretary of State and 
board [of trade to settle] the Natural boundary that Sir W m 
Johnson could settle [ ] the Indians but as yet can get 

nothing done Every one here is [ ] out of Humour with 

the Americans 

I shall Breafast with my L d Shelborne on Thursday morning 
in order to talk over this affair of the Indian Boundary and press 
that orders may be given to Sir W m Johnson about it and at the 
same time get the Grant for his land made out, which I have 
alredy laboured more to get done, then any thing of my own for 
a long time 

My L d President 2 is seldom well enough to attend Committees 
and when he is the Ministers cannot Without which he does not 
choose to pass it. But I hope soon to succeed. They do not 
seem much to see the Necessity of agreeing to this boundary or 
the advantage of it, Notwithstanding Sir W m has wrote so much 
to the Scretary of state and board of trade on this Subject and I 
have so often Sollicited it 

1 In later hand. 
- Lord Chatham. 

62 Sir William Johnson Papers 

This Paragraph is in consequence of my writing to M r Penn 1 
on these heads I have also wrote in the most pressing terms to 
Coll Barre 2 on the subject and requested he would [show] my 
letter to My L d Shelbourn, and tell him he would much indear 
himself to the Americans if he would to his former favors 
add [ ] serving us in a matter so nearly concerned the peace 
and welfare of his Majestys subjects in this part of the world. 
I should not have [tak]en the freedom with my L d but had no 
small marks W 

[of] his favor when I was in England 

INDORSED: Paragraph of a 

Letter from the Honble 

M r . Penn Proprietor of 


transmitted by M r . Watts. — 


D. 3 

22 Postage of 2 letters 75 

July 20 D s of Sundry Letters at different times 

Dec r . 5 9 hogs w l 669 [5. . ] 

Jan* 13.50 tt Bohea Tea 7/6. .v- 18.. 15 

28 Sundries & bill parcells v.. 7. .17 

Feb 27.3 p. Ribbon v. . 2. .5- 

March 10.32 Gal s Rum 3/3.. v.. 5.. 4- 

221 Cw* Shot v.. 2..3- 

Yl Cw 1 Gun powder v.. /..—.— 

14 English Ells Checks. .3/5. . . .v. . 2. .7.10 

1767 12 11 Bohea Tea 7/6. .v. . 4.. 10 

Jany 3 1 P/ 2 tt Deer leather 10s v. . 5.. 15 

68.9 .4% 

1 Thomas Penn, in England. 

2 Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Barre, adjutant general under Wolfe in 
759, member of parliament from 1761 to 1790. 

3 This fragment is calendared under 1767. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 63 


£196.00. 7 3 
46. .5. .7 

242.. 5. 10% 

18. 11. .2 

7. 10. .4 

268.. 7.. 4% 

[ ] 

268. ..7. AY A 210. .7 117. ..9. .4 1105. .12. ..0 

348.. 15.. 4^4 5. .9. .6 18. .11. .2 1010. .13. .10 

19. .12.. 215. 16. .6 136. ..0. .6 94. .18. ..2 


255. 16. .6 
12. 10. .6 

268.. 7.. 

INDORSED: for Col. Stores 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 383, is a letter of January 2d, 1 768, to 
Governor J. Penn, concerning legislation by Pennsylvania in behalf of 
Indian rights, the proposed boundary and a small gratuity ordered for the 
widow of Jacob. Destroyed by fire. 

64 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

[Niagara, January 3, 1768] 

[ ] which in fact is [ 

escape going to jail. He told [ ] we scarcely be- 

lieved him when [ ] came here with him is the 

Bearer [ ] Batoe men who were cast 

[ ] to give him 3 Dollars and [ 

] entirely on your Bounty, I [ ] 

if he Brought the [ ] 3 strings of Wampom 

[ ] he passes through that [ 

] ts and then give them to you [ Mrs. ] Mac 

Leod sends you her kindest [ ] 

[ 1 

[Normand]Mac Leod 

from thomas gage 

A. L. S. 2 

New York January 4 th . 1768. 

Dear Sir, 

I herewith inclose you a letter with an Account, and some 
other papers annexed, Which I have lately received from Mon- 
treal, they relate to a Sum said to be due to a Merchant of that 
place, for some fusils belonging to him, that were taken out of a 
Store at Oswego, by order of Colonel Bradstreet; These papers 

1 " Captain Normand MacLeod about the mysterious behavior of Mr 
Magra, jealousy between the Senecas and the Messesagas, the consequences 
of hostilities, Mr Chabiere, the interpreter and smith, the Indian desire 
for gunpowder, the birth of a daughter, and the Indian who brings the 
letter." — Johnson Calendar, p. 383. 

2 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 65 

have been referred to the Colonel ; and I likewise inclose you his 
Certificate, and a letter I have recieved from him upon this Sub- 
ject, from whence it wou'd appear that the fusils in question were 
actually taken out of the Store at Oswego for the use of the 
Indians, that they were the property of the people who claim 
payment for them, and that they have not as yet been paid for: 
I think therefore, as their being taken for the use of the Indians, 
brings this Account within Your Department, It will be as well 
for You to adjust this Matter, and pay the people a reasonable 
price for those Arms, I mention this, As the rates charged for 
them have been objected to by Col.° Bradstreet in a former letter 
from him to Me upon this Subject, and that indeed the charge 
seems high — What the Colonel observes in his letter concern- 
ing the date of their delivery, can only be a mistake on their part, 
As it makes no difference in the reality, or Reasonableness of 
their Demand, Whether it was in 1 763, or 64, that the fusils were 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most Obedient 
Humble Servant. 

Tho s . Gage 

Sir William Johnson Bar 1 ; — 
INDORSED : New York Janr?. th . 1 768 

Genr 1 Gages letter w th 
Sundry Enclosures — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 383, is a letter of January 4th from John 
Wetherhead, New York, about drafts received from Johnson, Major 
Rogers's conduct toward Mr Roberts, articles to be brought from England, 
bonds sent in care of Billy Benson and honey sent by Mrs Wetherhead. 
Destroyed by fire. 

66 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 383, is a letter of January 5th from the 
Earl of Shelburne, Whitehall, signifying the King's pleasure that Johnson, 
in concert with the commander in chief and the governors concerned, 
establish a boundary between the several provinces and the Indian tribes. 
(Printed in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:2.) 


Johnson hall J any 5 th . 1768 — 
Dear Sir 

I have been favored with yours of the 2 d . ult°. and I am glad 
to find that my last removed those Apprehensions which I do 
assure you, you causelessly entertained for no failure of Corres- 
pondence on my part can be attributed to any other causes than 
the Nature of my Avocations and my having been far from home 
for sometime before I wrote my last Letter to you. 

I am glad to hear of the progress of William of which you 
have sent me such good specimens, the nature of his Genius 
Which you have so Judiciously discovered seems best adapted 
to Arithmetick & such Studys as require more of Application 
than Abilities, & I doubt not he may become a good Usher, 
Transcriber &ca through your kind attention to him — I am 
also well pleased that you have weaned him from those Athletick 
Exercises which I know he was fond of, and which in the pres- 
ent Age intitle the Champion to no other Prizes than such as you 
mention. — 

You may recollect that I formerly proposed besides the Estab- 
lishment at the Mohawks that Another might in a little time be 
formed in your Quarter, or nearer the Ohio, and I doubt not that 
in the Meantime a Small School at Lancaster might have its 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 67 

advantages, and prove an Introduction thereto I can mention 
the Matter but whether it is worth your attention unless properly 
established I can't Say. — 

I am pleased that you approve of my Letters to the Society. — 
The influence which a Clergyman at Johnstown must have on the 
Neighbouring Whites as well as Indians induced me to describe 
the Character I thought would best answer to promote the 
interests of our Religion, the Exterior Deportment of the Clergy 
in these parts has been such that the Least appear" of Levity in 
a Clergyman (tho 5 otherwise well Qualified) would infallibly 
ruin his credit with the Whites, whilst one of that Light which 
as the Witty Butler observes 

— "Inspires, and plays upon 
The Nose of Saint, like Bagpipe Drone," 

Would never succeed to advantage amongst the Indians. In 
short the Man for this place should be of the Mean between the 
Two Characters Laborious in the discharge of his duty & Exem- 
plary in his Life, Such a Man I dare believe M r Murray to be 
from your good recommendation, But as I have the other day 
fully answered yours & D r . Smiths joint Letter in one to him 
which I requested he would communicate to you, I shall for 
Brevity sake referr you thereto for an Answer as you have 
doubtless received it Ere now. — 

I thank you for the Extract you gave me from the Society 
Letter, which was the first I had heard of it, I have now wrote 
them pretty fully and it gives me infinite satisfaction to hear of 
such an Allowance as they propose with the late D r Barclays 
House and Farm which are worth much more than the Heirs ask 
for them, will make a competent Establishment for that important 
purpose, and place that Mission upon a respectable footing to 
promote which I shall Chearfully contribute all my endeavors 
And as the Six Nations with their Numerous Allies the Western 
Indians, are the people whose consequence & conduct are most 
interesting to the Northern Colonies as well as the Mother 
Country, so I am of opinion that the Progress of Religion will 

68 Sir William Johnson Papers 

be best promoted by this Institution amongst the Mohocks, who 
are called the Door to the rest, thro whom the other Nations 
will receive instruction, and the more distant Tribes now 
Strangers to all Religion, will after their Example be in time 
allured to embrace Christianity. — all this we may reasonably 
hope for, and therefore the first Steps to such an important 
Acquisition for the Interests of Both Church, and state, are by 
no means to be Neglected./ I received M r . Popham's Letter, 
from which & your recommendat 11 of him I should be very glad 
to encourage him, as far as I could, but notwithstanding the 
advantages which might in time be derived from such Manu- 
factorys, I fear he cannot expect much Success here for altho' 
this Country settles fast yet the people are now and will be for 
many years in such Circumstances as will prevent them from 
giving much encouragement thereto and from the Expence of 
setting up & carrying them on here the people find European 
Goods much Cheaper, than any that can be made in the Country, 
excepting their own Coarse Manufactures neither is it by any 
means convenient for me to go to the Expence that may be neces- 
sary for setting it on foot. — 

I received the Sample of M r . Simons Work, and should be 
glad to give him encouragemt. If I had occasion for Articles 
in his way. Capt Johnson thanks you heartily for the concern 
you Express for his late misfortune, and desires to be kindly 
remembered to you. 

Be assured, Sir, of the Satisfaction It will give me to see you 
again here, whenever it will Suit your conveniency, and of the 
Esteem with which I always am 


The Rev d . M R . Barton 

INDORSED: Jany 5 th 1768 

To the Rev d . M r . Barton 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 69 

Df. 1 
[Johnson Hall, January 5, 1768] 

tedious & Expensive] 

] a Letter from Gov r . Penn 

] of your Letter as mentioned 

] and of his intentions to 

] preventing these Intrusions 

] Government, and I hope 

] the same Steps, tho' I have 

su]ccess because I apprehend 

numbjer of these Intruders that there 

] who if they would not 

| to discountenance them at 

] which they cannot be 

] me that they are 

] these the most 

] in y e . like Manner 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 384, are listed the following papers, which 
were destroyed by fire: a letter of January 6th from John Arbo, Beth- 
lehem, secretary to the Moravians, concerning the labors and missions of 
the Brethren, the Christian Indian settlement at Wiealusing and the Green- 
land history by David Cranz, of which a copy is transmitted to Johnson 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:374-75; Q, 4:236-37); a list dated 
the 7th of names of persons for filling the vacancies in the 2d battalion 

1 " Regarding expenses of the Cherokee deputies' journey and of their 
meeting with the Six Nations, Gov. Penn's intention to prevent intrusions 
on Indian lands and the like duty of Gov. Fauquiere." — Johnson Calendar, 
p. 383. 

2 Several lines missing. 

70 Sir William Johnson Papers 

(printed in 3d Rep't Slate Historian, p. 885) ; a letter of the 8th from 
R. Cartwright, Albany, regarding articles sent in care of Lieutenant 
Pfister, pork to be furnished by Mr Campbell of Schonectady, cattle 
expected from New England and a report that Sir John will be set up for 
a seat in the Assembly; promising the support of the Cuylers, Hansens 
and others to Sir William's candidate; one of the 8th to Sir H. Moore, 
considering the deficiency of the tract north of the Mohawk, Lord 
Holland's disappointment, the difficulty of bringing the Oneidas to a 
further concession, Mr French's letter concerning Colonel Vaughan's 
land and improvements in the militia; and one of the 8th to Lieutenant 
Governor Fauquiere on Colonel Cressap's interference with Indian matters, 
propriety of referring Indians to Johnson for redress of grievances, causes 
of Indian discontent, the settlements about Redstone creek, the promised 
action of Governor Penn and the necessity of checking encroachments on 
Indian lands. 


D. S. 1 
Johnson Hall 8 Day Jan* 1768 

This is to Certify that the Bearers Peter Hare Hendrick 
Vosburgh and John Wemp has been Twenty two days each em- 
ployed by Me in His Majesties Service as Battoe Men when I 
went to Meet the Indians at Oneida Lake last September 

W Johnson 
Johnson Hall 
8 Day Jany. 1 768 

To John Glen Esq r . 

In Schenectady 

Recieved Albany November 9 h 1 768 from Colo : Bradstreet 
the Sum of thirteen pounds four Shillings In full for the within 


F r . me Corn s . Wendell 

£.13. .4 

No. 8 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Nov:9 1768 
£ 13-4 



Sir W m . Johnson — Celebrated in American 
Colonial History Indian Agent of his Brittanic 
Majesty — Vide Stone's "Life of Brandt." 

Sir William Johnson 

Celebrated in American Colonial History for his 

influence upon the natif Indians. 

Indian Agent of H.M. the King George of Great 



D/. 2 

Johnson hall, J any 8 lh 1768. 

Dear Sir 

By Last post I was favored with your Letter of the 1 4th ult°. 
and I beg you will not think of any Neglect of Correspondence, 
as I cannot but readily excuse you for the reasons you assign, and 
from my prepossessions in your favor. 

I am Glad to find that you parted with the Indians on such 
good terms notwithstanding the Mercenary disposition of some 
of them who have been corrupted by persons amongst us that 
were ignorant how to deal with them. But it gives me concern 
to find that they refused to Continue the Line 3 so far as was 
desired, altho' I can easily account for it at this time from the 
universal discontent prevailing amongst them, the Injuries they 
have met with on the frontiers, the Intrusions upon their Lands, 
and the Jealousy they entertain (which our own conduct, and 
the Artifices of French still amongst them tend to confirm) of 

1 Later indorsement. 

2 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. The letter signed is in the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. It has suffered some injury. 

3 The boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. 

72 Sir William Johnson Papers 

our intending to push into their Country, and deprive them of 
their Liberties, but I have great reason to think that the good 
treatment these Deputys met with from you, will tend to your 
settling these points in a more agreeable manner hereafter when 
a more favorable opportunity may offer. 

The Indian Chief 1 with whom you had the conversation Sup- 
pressed part of what he might have informed you. The Dis- 
content being much more general than he represented, Nay, 
more than I ever met with, previous to a Rupture, in which I 
fear it must end, for their Grievances are so many ; and they have 
been so long put off with promises of Redress, and Establish- 
ments in their favor, that they no longer rely on us, and their 
Suspicions are increased inasmuch as our power by the possession 
of Canada is become more alarming to them, So that we have 
now Enemys waiting an opportunity of falling upon us much 
more numerous than formerly — people who before knew us 
only by name. — A Great part of this we owe to Interested 
French Incendiaries and as much to our own Slights since the 
Reduction of the French Territory, and the avidity manifested 
by all Ranks of people for pushing into their Country, at all 
Events this, they were told would be the forerunner of a Gen 1 
plan to destroy or Enslave them, to which their natural Jealousy 
gave easy belief, Whereas had we enjoyed these Advantages 
with Moderation, and avoided all insults, & schemes against their 
propertys which but confirm their Apprehensions We should 
within a very few Years have overcome their doubts, and being 
once possessed of their Good opinion might have advanced our 
Settlements, Trade, and all other our Interests without any risque 
or disappointment. 

The Delawares too have not, nor will they pretend to have 
the Least right to the Lands you mention in the presence of the 
Six Nations, but Indians when they disapprove of any step, are 
apt to place the objection on some of their neighbours. — Those 

1 "Onondaga Indian" in the letter of the Pennsylvania Historical 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 73 

Virginians &c who have intruded whether under these fallacious 
pretences, or not, will — doubtless on a Rupture fall a Sacrifice 
to their temerity & Disobedience of Government, but Justice to 
the Indians & humanity to these people requires some imediate 
Steps to be taken for removing these, and preventing those Evils 
with which their and such like Conduct now threatens the whole 
Frontier, & the Indian Trade, of which these persons seem either 
ignorant or insensible, and therefore I hope the Gov r . &c will 
take the necessary steps with that dispatch which the case 
appears to require, and I cannot think it may be better done than 
by a Law of the Nature which you describe particularly by 
Strengthening the Civil & Military powers, without which I fear 
it will not be effectual — 

It affords me particular Satisfaction to find that the Governor, 
and the Gentlemen Commissioners are satisfied with my En- 
deavors hitherto for the interests of Pensilvania And they may 
be always assured of every consistent Exertion of my Influence 
for its advantage on any future occasion. 

I am Extremely sensible of the polite & friendly manner in 
which you have communicated their sentiments, and I persuade 
myself you will be assured of the Sincerity and real Esteem with 
which I am always 

Dear Sir 

The Rev d . Peters. 


A. L. S. 1 

Philad". 8 th . Jan* 1768 

I am favored this Day with your kind Letter of Dec r . 1 8th 
and shall communicate it to M r Barton. 

M r . Murray, whose Residence is at Reading, happened to be 
this Day in Town, & M r Croghan says he is just setting off rrr 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

74 Sir William Johnson Papers 

New York; so that I can only write a few Lines, to thank You 
for all your Condescension in Answering our Letter, and all your 
Zeal for the Church, which stands in Need of such Friends 
as you. 

I observe you say Nothing of the Mission to be opened on 
your own Estate, which was what M r Murray had chiefly in 
View — The Mission & School among the Indians was not 
what he so much desired, & I wish M r Seabury's Temper & 
Prudence may answer for it. For he will Need full as much of 
Both as he has ever yet exercised in his Life. 

M r Murray begs you will acquaint me what the exact Sub- 
scription would be at Schenectady if you think that the best 
Situation for him; or What it would be on your own Estate, if 
you prefer him to that; & whether any Substantial Men in 
Schenectady, if that should be the Place, would undertake to see 
the Subscription well paid. He knows that on your Estate, you 
will answer, for the Appointments to be made. 

M r Murray has wrote to the Society to acquaint them that 
this Matter is in Agitation. When I am favored with your next 
he can take his Determination, & humbly requests you would 
write to Schenectady as you kindly offered. I am, with the 
highest Esteem 

Hon d Sir 

Your most obedient & obliged 
Humble Servt 

W M . Smith 


The Hon b,e . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 

Favor of 

GeorCroghan Esq r Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Philadelphia 

Janry. 8 ,h . 1 768 — 
The Revr d . Doctor Smiths 
Letter rec d . 3$ y e . Express 
Feb*. 28 th . 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 75 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 384, is listed under the date January 9th 
a letter from Sir Henry Moore, New York, on the proposed reorgani- 
zation of the militia, the division of the province into two military dis- 
tricts, the one north of the Highlands to be under Johnson's command, 
the proposed partition of the tract north of the Hudson among Mr. Hasen- 
clever, Mr Schuyler, General Gage, Johnson's friends, and Lord Holland, 
and proceeding relative to Schoharie tract. (Wrongly dated by Governor 
Moore, 1767.) Destroyed by fire. 

A. L S. 1 

Albany Jan 10 th 1768 


The unhappy State of my present Circumstances cannot be 
altogether unknown to you, & the Justice & Tenderness due to a 
Family depending upon my Endeavours, call upon me to use 
every possible Means of extricating myself & them from Want. 

And where shall I apply or what can I do to effect it? Malice 
& Cruelty have Jointly been made use of against me, & even now 
while I am making Application for your benevolent offices, per- 
haps my Enemies have been before me, & shut the Door to them. 

I do not pretend to have been faultless, nor can I accuse myself 
with anything so criminal as ought to deprive me altogether of 
y r Favour & Protection. 

I removed every Objection but one against me at the Con- 
vocation of the Clergy when I was before them, which likewise 
has since been cleard up. The last was an 111 Office done me 
from a Quater very little expected. As to the Truth of what I 
assert, I appeal to the words of D rs Auchmuty & Cooper to 
m r Gamble. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

76 Sir William Johnson Papers 

If you will afford me for my Family's Sake y r Countenance. 
My Life & future Conduct shall convince you, how much it will 
always be my Study to merit it ; when it proves otherwise, let this 
stand as a Monument against me. 

The Favours in y r Power, that I would with the greatest 
Difference point out, are either a Recommendation to Gov r 
Sharp of Maryland, who has promis'd me his Protection on y r 
Recommendation, or an Appointment to the Care of the 
Mohawk Castle's. 

I shall take up no more of y r . Time than to assure You I 
shall ever remain 


Y r grateful, humble and 

oblidged Servant 

T: Brown 

To S R W M Johnson 

indorsed: Alby. 10 th Jam-y. 1768 
Parson Browns letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 384, under date of the I 1 th is listed a 
letter from Captain Gavin Cochrane, New York, on letters expected from 
England, Philadelphia opinion regarding Indian wrongs, proper action 
in South Carolina toward Indian interests, Lord Adam Gordon's people 
and the settling of 300 families on Indian lands at Redstone creek; with 
postscript of January 1 5 ; also, dated the 1 3th, extract from a message 
to the Governor from the Assembly of Pennsylvania, setting forth the 
advantages of the proposed boundary between white and red men and 
asking that the sentiments of the House may be communicated to General 
Gage and Sir William Johnson. Both destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 77 


A. L. S. 1 

New York J art*. 1 3 ih 1768. 


I am extremely obliged to you for your two last favors of the 
2 d & 18 th Ult. They both came to hand but a few days ago. 
The satisfaction you express on reading Dr Chandlers peice 
gives me great pleasure. I think it is well calculated, and wish 
it may be read much at Home. It is impossible for the estab- 
lished Church to thrive in America, without a head. It is in fact 
at present in a State of persecution, unaided, unassisted even by 
those from whom it has a right to expect patronage & Counten- 

Your goodness in mentioning the necessity of an Episcopate 
to his Majesty's Ministers will, I flatter myself, give some 
weight to the requests of the Clergy on that head. Now I am 
upon this Subject, permit me Sir, to return you my sincere 
Thanks for your generous Offer towards the support of one, or 
more American Bishops. I shall execute the honor you have 
done me with faithfulness and dispatch; and do not doubt, but 
that his Grace of Canterbury, & his Lordship of London, to 
whom I shall Communicate your generous intention, will fall 
upon some method to render it effectual, for the laudable purpose 
you intend it. 

In your favor of the 1 8 tfl Ult you mention an application made 
by D r Smith, & M r Barton. The Gentle" they mention is a 
Stranger to me. Upon inquiry however, I find, that tho' some- 
what advanced in Years he has but lately been in Orders; and 
from the Name I conclude he must have been bred a Dissenter, 
and therefore can know but little of Church matters; and con- 
sequently, not so well qualified for your purpose as the Gentle- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

78 Sir William Johnson Papers 

man D r Cooper and myself have taken the liberty to recom- 
mend. Since the receipt of your Letter, I have had a visit from 
M r Seabury, and informed him of the Contents. He desires 
that I would present his best respects to you, and inform you, 
that he intends to pay you a visit in the Spring, provided the 
Society have not appointed another person for your place, which 
we shall know long before then. D r Cooper & myself are still 
of the same mind, that he is every way, the best calculated of 
any Clergyman we know of, to set down on a new mission. I 
am very confident, that the Society will give a handsome Salary 
to a Missionary, at Johnstown; and will not expect that you 
should be at any further expence, except a small voluntary 
annual Subscription, if that be thought necessary. The Secre- 
tary in one of his last Letters Assures me, that the Society are 
very desirous of having your Church, Schenectady, & the 
Mohawks, supplied with Missionaries; and that they will not 
stick at any expence to do it, if proper persons for the purpose 
can be found: Nay, he goes further, and says, that if any of 
their Missionaries are willing to remove to any of the above 
mentioned places, they may, with my Consent; and they may 
assure themselves that if they do they will be handsomely pro- 
vided for; I flatter myself therefore, that it will not be much 
longer before the Mohawks are provided for, especially as M r 
Barton informs me, that the Society have actually agreed to 
purchase D r Barclays House and farm for a Missionary, & 
School Master. This Step I have earnestly recomended to 
them, and therefore have some reason to think that his Informa- 
tion is true — But we can'ot be much longer in the Dark about 
these matters, as three packets, and several Merchantmen are 
dayly expected. I make no doubt but that upon their arrival, 
which is impatiently expected, I shall hear every particular from 
the Society on this and other Matters; which information, I shall 
do myself the honor to transmit to you by the first Opportunity. 
M r Brown is still on the list, thro' the carelessness of the 
Clerks. His dismission I have by me. What will become of 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 79 

the unfortunate Imprudent Man, I know not. Your observation 
about Residents is strictly just. It is impossible a Missionary can 
be of much service who resides only part of his time, with his 
Congregation. This fundamental error for the future must be 

If the Society agree to purchase D r Barclays house, would it 
not be eligible immediately to employ Riggs, as the Man bears 
a good Character, and let him take possession of it, till a Mis- 
sionary is appointed? I am very sure if you think he can be 
usefully employed as a School Master, that the Society will 
approve of it, and give him a sufficient Salary. The Man seems 
well disposed, has not much Ambition, therefore I think it will 
be a pity to loose him. But this I must submit to your better 
judgment. If M r Bartons information should not turn out true, 
I will then apply to M rs Barclay, and see whether she will let 
me the House for the Societys use, as recommended by you. 

Thus Sir, rather than delay answering your last favors, till 
some information arrives from Home, I have ventured to write 
these few hasty Scrawls, which you will be pleased to excuse as 
I have not at present any time to correct, or Copy. I will now 
detain you no longer; but beg that you will accept of the Com- 
pliments of the Season, and assure yourself that I have the honor 
to be with great respect and esteem, 


Your much Obliged and 

Most Obedient Servant 

Samuel Auchmuty 

P. S. 

You may depend upon my 
doing every thing in my power 
for Schenectady. 

Sir William Johnson — 

INDORSED: January 13 th 1768. 
From D r . Auchmuty. 

80 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

New London Janv 14 1768 


I most gratefully acknowledge your very signal Favor of y e . 
19 th of last Sep r ., which shou'd have been sooner observ'd, had 
not a new, unprecedented Machination been devised against y e 
poor Narraganset Indians by y e . Assembly; w ch . was in few 
words, to sell as much of their Lands, as wou'd clear their 
Sachem of all his Debts. It was mention'd-voted-exe- 
cuted. They apply'd to me, I sent y m . to M r . Robinson, 2 their 
Lawyer, who, as I told them about three years ago, is their real 
& worst Enemy. I never lik'd his dark Letters, told them to 
take care of him, & y f . I wou'd having nothing to do with him, 
nor them if they were directed by him. In short he deluded 
them so much, y*. they wrote very improper Letters to me, telling 
me they only desir'd me to preach. 

However seeing y e . Storm gathering they came & own'd their 
Error & desir'd my Advice: Go, said I, to M r . Robinson, desire 
him to consider y e . Grievances & draw up y r . State of y e . Case. 
They went, & he refus'd. They then acknow'd y e . Equity of 
my Opinion & left themselves to my Direction. 

Hearing y e Collector of Newport, Squire Robinson com- 
miserated their Misfortunes & spoke friendly to them, I wrote 
a Letter of thanks to him for his Humanity & desir'd his Interest 
in their behalf. He told me wou'd serve them. Permit me to 
transcribe his own Words — M r . Johnston (a Lawyer in New- 
port) has upon my Recommendation undertaken y e . Affair. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 Matthew Robinson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 81 

When he has prepar'd a State of their Case, I will peruse it, & 
adopt it as near as I can to y e . Temper & Genius of y e . great, 
before whom it is to go. Having been for some time past pretty 
conversant with y e . iniquitous Proceedings of this Governm*. I 
shall not fail to expose to view their Oppression of this 
People. With this agreeable Letter y e . Indians brought me one 
from their Lawyer stuft with Equivocations, Falsehoods & Lies, 
w ch . I scorn'd to answer. I read it to them, gave them a charge 
not to go near their old Lawyer, to get y e . State of y e . Case, M r . 
Robinson's Assistance, give a full Power to Tobias Shattock, 
who waited lately upon y r . Hon r . & as you advis'd to go home 
w th . y e . Affair. He is now here going to New York, whence 
y e . ship sails in three or four Weeks. I have recommended him 
to M r . Ogilvie, to whom I have sent this Letter to be convey'd 
to Johnson-hall. 

I need not tell you how very necessary a Letter from you will 
be in behalf of y e . distress'd Indians, & What seasonable Relief 
it will procure to their Case (to use y r . own Words) to mention 
y e . Case to his Majesty's Ministers, & recommend it to their 
Attention. I receiv'd a Letter lately from M r . Occom, & begin 
to be jealous of him his Words are few & cool. Besides he has 
given y e . Petition, I drew up to y e . King & Council for y e 
Nahantic Tribe to General Lyman, a great Favorite to this 
Colony, therefore no Friend to y e . plunder'd Indians. I wrote a 
long, sharp Letter to M r . Occum, & told him plainly, he seem'd 
to be more studious to get Money than to vindicate his People, 
& y l unless he gave better proofs of his Integrity to them, I w d . 
pray for him, but drop his Correspondence & our Intimacy. Be- 
sides he says y e . Bishops wou'd not ordain him, I believe y e . 
reverse, for y e . Secretary told me, he shou'd, if he sincerely 
desir'd it. But I wish I may be wrong, & Occum prove faithful. 
I hope you'll pardon my Prolixity arising from my conscientious 
Concern for his Majesty's Subjects, harrass'd, plunder'd & 
abus'd by a seditious, mutinous & iniquitous People. O for a 
King's Governor for Rhode Island & Connecticut, & a Bishop to 

82 Sir William Johnson Papers 

direct & support his Clergy! That y e - Lord may bless & 
preserve his Majesty, direct his Hon le . Council, restore & 
establish Peace, Unanimity & Love at home; & also bless you 
with sound Wisdom, Wealth & Health is y e . hearty Prayer of 

Y r . Hon rs . most dutiful obedient & 
very hum le . Serv* 

Matt. Graves 

To y e . hon le . S R . WlLL M . JOHNSON &ca 

INDORSED: New London 14 Janr?. 1768 
The Revr d . M r . Grave's 
Letter relative to Indian 
Greiviances — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 385-86, are listed the following paper 
which were destroyed by fire: a letter of January 14th from John 
Wetherhead, New York, mentioning the arrival of the packet and asking 
Sir William on his visit to York to make the writer's house his home; from 
Montreal, the 1 5th, memorial of merchants and citizens of the province 
of Quebec to Guy Carleton, lieutenant governor and commander in chief, 
drawing attention to their rights under the British constitution and the 
King's proclamation of 1 763, asking that the sale of spirituous liquors 
to the Indians be restricted and declaring that officers, commanders and 
commissaries of posts should not be allowed to interfere with passports 
from his Majesty's governors; from Montreal, the 15th, orders and regu- 
lations respecting the Indian trade and duty of commissaries, issued by 
Sir William Johnson, with criticisms by traders and citizens; a letter of 
the 1 9th, Philadelphia, from the committee of correspondence of the 
House to Benjamin Franklin and Richard Jackson, agents for the prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania at the court of Great Britain (copy), acquainting 
with proceedings for stopping encroachments on Indian land and punish- 
ing the authors of the massacre of Indians at Conestogo and Lancaster, 
also with the opinion of the House that a boundary should be at once 
established between settlements and the native tribes (printed in Collections 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 83 

of Illinois State Historical Library, 16:156-58); one of the 22d to 
Peter Hasenclever, agreeing with the opinion that the country is not ripe 
for manufactures, discussing the division of the new land grant and 
inclosing an account of expenses in making the purchase; one of the 22d 
to Joseph Galloway, discussing measures of the Pennsylvania government 
for removing Indian discontent, Indian reprisals, difficulties of legal 
redress, wrongs committed by frontier inhabitants and the need of a fixed 
boundary; one of the 22d to General Gage about arms taken in 1764 
for the use of the Indians, a congress with the confederacies, accounts 
brought by Mr Croghan, the bell at Niagara desired by the Hurons and 
unjust aspersions on Mr Hay; one of the 22d to J. French, secretary 
to Governor Moore, about the survey of Colonel Vaughan's lands, objec- 
tion by the Conajoharee Indians to the dimensions of the tract and the 
license to practise law promised by the Governor to Hendrick Frey; 
one of the 22d to Sir H. Moore on the plan for the militia and his own 
appointment to a command, Mr Hasenclever's and Lord Holland's share 
in land to be divided, the Scohare tracts and Mr Ranslaer's caveat, the 
Michl Byrne tract at Scohare and John Brachan's triangle near Cona- 
joharee; one of the 22d to Benjamin Kissam, repeating the answer of 
the Mohocks to the offer of the Kayadarosseras patentees and asking 
that a map to represent their patent be furnished; one of the 22d to Mi- 
Gamble about delayed correspondence and cash remitted in Mr Croghan's 
care; a letter of the 24th from Hugh Wallace, New York, concerning 
Major Goreham's salary and bills, Captain Howard's account, a vessel 
from Dublin, English news, newspaper flattery of General Lyman, and 
candidates for the Assembly, including Phil Livingston, James Delancey, 
John Scott, John Cruger jun. and Jacob Walter; one of the 25th from 
John Wetherhead, New York, about books and letters from abroad and 
Sir William's expected visit to New York; and one of the 26th from 
R. Cartwright, Albany, concerning an order for flour and pork. 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady 2 I s1 . Jan r ». 1768 
Dear Sir 

We are fav d . with yours have sent you by the 

bearer Six fine drest skins a 16/8 d is £5 — 

We will be glad to | | you here for Severall reasons, 

84 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[particularly ab f . Battoemen, Wheat &c a . [ ] Ginsang 

we have ordred from New York so that you can see it. We are 

Dear Sir 

Your Most Hie serv ,s 

Phyn & Ellice 
] you seel a parcell 
[ ] Skins for Wheat 

]uld be glad — 
[ ] FUNDA 

INDORSED: Mis s Phinn 
and Elles 
there Letter 
to Jelles Fonda 
and the Price 
of the Leather 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall J any 28 th 1768 

I Cannot but feel for the distresses you describe which I wish 
I knew how to relieve agreable to my Inclinations. You are 
already sensible in a Great measure of my sentiments on this 
head, and you may be assured that 111 natured representations 
shall not operate with me to your Prejudice. — But you must 
be sensible that from the nature of the almost general Prejudice 
conceived against you, the affair can be no Secret, and the Clergy 
might Justly condemn one for a recommendation of a Gentleman 
so Circumstanced without their knowledge, or approbation. 

I am not so uncharitable as to doubt your future Conduct the 
Misfortune is that the prejudices of so many people, which have 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 85 

doubtless Exaggerated many particulars against you, are too far 
Spread so that not only My recommendation may be called In 
Question but myself blamed for taking upon me to Introduce a 
Gentn of your function to another Colony who has fallen under 
Censure here, — I do not mention this as an Excuse for declining 
so to do, but that I know evil report of a Clergyman will not be 
for any length of time confined to one Colony, the consequence 
of which is obvious — As to the care of the Mohawk Castles it 
is already provided for, so that nothing can be done in that way, 
and from what I have already observed, as well as from your 
own serious reflections thereon you will be able to Judge how far 
I can take the other part of your request on me whilst affairs are 
so circumstanced 

I heartily wish I could give you a more favorable Answer at 
this time as my inclination would Lead me to do you any con- 
sistent service for the improvement of your circumstances. 
The Rev d . M r . Brown 

INDORSED: Janry. 29 th . 1768 

Letter to the Rev d . M r . 
Brown at Albany 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 386, is listed the following paper which 
was destroyed by fire: Hendrick Frey's bills to Sir William Johnson for 
surveying between the two Canada creeks, dated November 15, 1766; 
receipted Canajoharry, January 29, 1 768. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York JanT. 3/ st . 1768 
Dear Sir, 

M r . Penn will probably acquaint you of the Proceedings in 
his Government respecting Indian Affairs; but I take the first 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

86 Sir William Johnson Papers 

opportunity to inform you of the Advices transmitted me from 
thence The assembly have sent a Bill to the Governor, Inflict- 
ing the Penalty of Death on those who are settled, or any who 
shall settle on any Lands in the Province, not purchased from 
the Indians; unless they remove in thirty Days after legal and 
regular Notice given them to remove. The Bill is Sent back 
with some Alteration, which the Gov r . Says they can have no 
objection to; and hopes it will be soon passed into a Law that 
will effectualy answer the good Purpose intended by it. I hear 
nothing from Virginia, but if Gov r . Penn acts with me in the 
Spring, I think there will not be one Settler remaining on the 
Waters of the Monongahela. 

Whilst the Legislature has been taking Such Pains to remove 
a Just Cause of Complaint of the Indians, a Villain Named 
Frederick Stump, a German living on Penn's Creek, has com- 
mitted a most barbarous and unprovoked Murther of ten Indians 
Men Women and Children. Every Means that could be thought 
of was taken to apprehend the Murtherer the Moment that the 
News got to Philadelphia, but whether the Magistrates will 
Succeed in it or not May be doubted. 

I Mentioned to you in a former Letter that the Establishing 
of Governments in the Interior Country was under the Con- 
sideration of the Board of Trade, so that we may expect orders 
concerning that Matter and Many other important Points 
respecting this Country, which the Said Board had likewise 
under their Consideration. 

I am to acknowledge Your Letter of 22^. Ins*: by M r Crog- 
han inclosing an Account of Commissio ns : Pay and Disburse- 
ments made at Fort Pitt. If I had had the vouchers to see the 
different charges, and on what account incurred, it would be 
easy to determine by what Department they should be paid. 
The three articles transmitted in this account for fitting out Ind ns . 
for the Ilinois, the charge of the officer Commds. at Fort Pitt, 
and for removing the settlers from Redstone & cheat river 
appear to be extraordinary, and indeed enormous expences, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 87 

but M r Croghan tells Me, that Many other Expences are Mixed 
with those; which he does not know, how can be Separated as 
they are all included in One Account and Voucher. I shall 
write immediately to the Commander of Fort Pitt on the subject 
of Expenses contracted there. 

M r . Hay's Case has turned out as I imagined it would The 
demand of the Bell from Niagra I imagine proceeds from the 
Priest of Detroit, it is of little use where it is, but if a Govern- 
ment is established at Detroit, a Multiplicity of Religions will 
also be established, and perhaps occasion as much Confusion as 
any thing else arid each will claim a prior Right to the Bell, if 
it is given away ; not without some Reflections should it be given 
to Papists. 

I am Dear Sir, 

Your Most Obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R . W M . Johnson Bar 1 : 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 386, is listed a letter of February 1 st from 
Daniel Burton, at Westminster, (Secretary of the Society for Propo- 
gating the Gospel), inquiring what is suitable compensation for a missionary 
to the Indians (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:376; Q, 4:237). 


N. London Feb*. h l 1768. 


The growing Troubles of y e . Indians oblige me to write to 
you again — The Hon bIe . M r . Robinson, while Collector at 
Newport, had engag'd one M r . Johnson to draw out a State of 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

88 Sir William Johnson Papers 

y e . Indian Case, & had Assurance of his Integrity: this he 
acquainted me of I told him, M r . Johnson was able, but 
unsteady — He said he had fixt him, & it shou'd be imme- 
diately done. His Words are — "He has undertaken y e Affair 
Besides y e . strongest Professions of Sincerity I have his further 
Security for his Attachment to them (y e Indians) of their 
Interest w th . respect to this Colony is one & y e . same." — In 
short I sent an Indian to M r . Johnson, who waited four days, 
but in vain, then y e indian School master, who waited as long in 
vain — in short M r . Robinson left Newport & Johnson y e . poor 
Indians. I advis'd to take y e . papers out of Johnson's hands 
whence y e . Case was to be drawn, w ch . were got after much 
trouble, all worn & scarce legible. I must add, this Johnson was 
King's Attorney, & now he thinks to be reinstated by his 
Treachery to y e . Indians, & base Friendship to several of y e . 
great (I had almost said wicked) Men at Newport & others 
his Neighbors. & M r . Robinson having remov'd he has laid 
aside all his Promises. However I have order'd Tobias Shat- 
tock to sail New York for London, assuring him I wou'd write to 
y r . Hon r ., who wou'd consider y e . Affair & endeavor to relieve 
them. Now S r . as several dread y e . Indian's going home & do 
all they can to embarrass the design — as they know y e . Influ- 
ence & will unite & strengthen their European Forces, I hope 
you'll condescend to send y e . State of their Case home with a 
Letter to some of y e . Nobility. This will rout their Allies & 
settle y e . poor Indians on a solid Foundation. 

I have dispatch'd an Indian with a Letter to M r . Robinson, 
& press'd y e . Continuance of his Interest, & to write in their 
Favor. I wish I had proper Power. My bowels yern for y e . 
plunder'd Indians — they are plunder'd of their Land, we of 
our Glebe & our Church torn down & converted into a Tavern 
by y e . same people. The Indian waits to carry this with y e . 
other to N. York. I pray God continue you for y e . Good of his 
Church, y e . Interest of his Majesty, & y e . Relief of y e . distrest; 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 89 

& y f . you'll pardon this Scrole & Freedom is y e . earnest Request 

Y r . Hon rs . most obedient & 

most oblig'd, humb ,e . Serv 1 . 

Matt Graves 
To y e . Hon le . S R . William Johnson &ca 

INDORSED: New London 1 st . Febry 1768 
The Revr d . M r . Graves letter 


A. L. S. 1 

[London, February 2, 1768] 

i "-] 

] had an [ 
| you on the Subject of certain mines 
supposed to be upon Lake Superiour; And you seemed anxious 
to know what truth there might be in such reports, or what might 
be the Nature of such mines if any there be; I use the freedom 
to inform you by this what Progress I and my concerns have 
made in this Affair, having allways proposed to communicate to 
you any discoveries that we should make, which it has not been 
in my power to do sooner for reasons that you will see hereafter. 
In the Beginning of last Summer Mons r . Cadotte and I made 
some Excursions into that lake for the purpose of discoveries, 
where our Success far exceeded our most sanguine expectations, 
and the reception we met from the Indians was the best possible. 
They, when once they knew our Errand, inviting us in the most 
cordial manner by their Cheifs (with whom we com[municated] 

1 In the State Library are two copies of the Bostwick letter, which 
suffered injury from the fire. The remains of the two are combined in 
the matter here printed. 

2 Lines burned off. 

90 Sir William Johnson Papers 

on the subject) to come upon such an under [ 
which they invited us in the most pressing [ ] made sev- 

eral discoveries to us which [ ] [ ] promising 

Aspect. This circumstance [ ] seeming so fond of our 

coming [ ] 

] affair made both M r . Cadotte 


to pass your way, An[ 
in that period of the Affai[r 
for if it had fallen into other [ 
rendered the whole abortive. — 

On my Arrival [ 
Application to certain Gentlemen [ ] o 

Parliament, others Merchants of [ ] from 

The Samples I produced and the Acc[ 
so far approved of the prospects, as [ 
to the King in Council for a Royal [ 
Such Mines in Lake Superiour [ 
or shall hereafter discover, which [ 
before his Majesty's Secretaries of [ 
Board of Trade, where it hitherto [ 
Approbation — And shall be [ ] if it, 

has the good fortune to meet [ ] yours As allso that 

you would [ ] in it, Or in case you don't choose 

] friend that youll be pleased [ ] Which 

I am authorized by all the [ ] to offer to you by this 

letter [ ] beginning of our consultation] such Pro- 

posal y e offer [ ] made use of [ 

[ ] converse [ 

] And if you'll per[ 
] hereof to write to M r . Joshua Re [ 
] London he will correspond with you [ 
of the parties here. I have the honor 

1 Lines burned off. 

1/ //'/At I,/,// \'l|l.l«4« , S /// //„ 

i.a.voii.s Cor,- v. 

n/ //>/',/// n/'//>< 

\\\w\ .\JiJsiisij)i)i .vr. 


- /fit ' /////, /t/jt. j 


t v * J 

<t*nf r its 

\ * * / ■ -* 

a, ? ^ 




ft;. .' 

Au.fAi /j •/■/."/•■ ) 


- .-.:. 

><-:,|.« of Mil.s. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 91 

with the greatest Respect for myself and the [ ] Gentle- 

men concerned 

Your most Obed 1 & most Humble Serv 1 . 

Henry Bostwick 
As the Grant may not be made out before the Season [ 
me to leave England on ac l of my other Business, [I] intend 
taking out with me two skillful Miners for further discoveries as 
well as ascertaining the value of those allready made And 
should be glad of your opinion & Authority how far it may be 
proper to work any thing we may meet worth while, before the 
grant arrives. 

ADDRESSED: To The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
His Majesty's Sole Superintendant 
of Indian Affairs in North America 
At Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 
[New York February 2, 1768] 

I 1 

[ ] Nine Indians Murd[ ] 

[Stump and] his Acomptices at a place CalR penns [Creek] 
in Cumberland County pensylvaine [ ] on the West 

Side Susquahenna About [ ] Miles above harriss Ferry 2 — 

[An]d by a Leter I have from Phill I [lea]rn that the Gover- 
ment has oferd [£]200 Reward to have him aperehended butt 
Dispair of his being given up by the Fronteer pople — 

I find the Gineral has still the Same fears of a Rupter this 
Spring with [the] Indians & I have Nott Indaverd [to] Lesen 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 Harrisburg. 

92 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them Butt he Seems Much [emjbarrised & as if he Did Nott 
know [ ] to Do — 

] Nov br . packett brought Governer [Franklin] a 

Short Leter from his [father] [inform] ing him that he had 

] & y e aSembly from [ ] him of the 

[ '] 

[ ] by y e . Dc br . packett [ ] Boundry, that 

he blived a Colony [ ] & the Ilinioes wold Take place 

& [ ] the Dc br . packett he wold Write [ ] 

on those Subjects 

Yesterday Sir Henry Moor Tould [ | that he wold 

be up with you in [ ] or begining of May whether he 

had [ ] orders from home or Nott & that [ 

Expected the patentees of the Kiader [ ] wold putt itt 

in his power to [ ] affair with the Mohocks So 

th[ ] he wants to Trust himself in[ 

Mediator on that occation [ ] 

and this Day M r . Kisam & [ ] Come 

to Me & Talk d . a [ ] the affair they are 

to [ ] Ramson to Wate [ 

[ ■] 

[ ] them that [ ] [ ] have any thing to Do 

] Sir Henry Moor on y e ocation [ ] the A Sembly of 

pensylvanie has [v]oted a Sume for Condoling with y e . Indians 
on y e . Gunestoga Afair & for the Dallaways & Shannas Butt I 
Cant be purtickler on that Head till I go to PhilK for w h . place 
I Sett out Tomorrow & will Write you fully on this Subject 
and Every thing else that Comes to my knoledge [P]ese to 
present my Complem ,s . to Sir John [Cap]ts Johnson & Clause & 
Ladys & M r . Burins [ ] Me Dear Sir with Great 

[ ] 

your Most Obeident 
and Most Humble 

Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 93 

Df. 1 

Johnson Hall Feb. 5* 1768. 

Dear Sir 

Since I had the pleasure of writing to you last I had the favor 
of your Duplicate of July last with the Postscript of Sept r 1 2 th . 
wherein you inform me of his Majestys having referred my Case 
to the Attorney General with orders to draw a Grant to be 
passed for the Land & of your friendly intentions farther in 
my behalf for all which I give you my most sincere thanks. 

In answer to the information you desire concerning the Lands 
I beg to observe that I had some reason to hope that his Majesty 
would have been graciously pleased to Mitigate the fees, in 
consideration of my great Losses & Expences, & for the other 
reasons I had before given, this I must have considered as a 
particular Grace & favor, for it is in my power at present 
to obtain a Grant for it in this Province on paying the fees but as 
the case now stands I shall not presume to sollicit any thing 
which may be deemed disagreable, & therefore beg the favor 
of you to take out the Grant & pay the fees, as you have been 
pleased to offer, & I shall most thankfully repay you the 
Ammount. I am not informed whether it is his Majestys pleas- 
ure to Grant me the whole of my Indian purchase, agreable to 
the survey last transmitted, or only according to the Survey first 
sent which was in fact a mistake. I could wish that his Majesty 
would Graciously please to Grant the Whole, as it is a very fair 
& Expensive purchase, however in this point I beg you will act 
as seems best to yourself. 

From the very kind intentions expressed in your last, It is 
unnecessary for me to recommend farther the affair of my pay, 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

94 Sir William Johnson Papers 

expences & Losses, persuaded that you will give me your kind 
assistance therein, & I believe they will appear very reasonable, 
when it is considered that my retiring from Business & ail Domes- 
tic pursuits, when my affairs were in the most promising situa- 
tion has Severely affected my private fortune; That my Income 
since has never been half what it was before my appointment, 
& that my Acting in a Regular Military Capacity brought on 
me a Considerable additional Charge foreign to my Civil Com- 
mission & which is always allowed for to Gentlemen that Com- 
mand Armys, but was it otherwise, the peculiar Circumstances 
of my Situation renders the demand Just and reasonable, and 
altho thro' Length of time I may not be reimbursed for the 
Moneys formerly advanced by order for the Service particularly 
the debt owing to me from this province, it may nevertheless 
produce some consideration & strengthen my pretensions in other 
respects by demonstrating how much I have been a Loser by the 
Service, whilst I have totally neglected the many fair oppor- 
tunity^ which my situation & interest afforded me of acquiring a 
Landed property from the Indians, and am now without a foot 
of Land in the Country, but what I bought from Patentees sev 1 . 
years before I had any office under the Government. 

Whether his Majesty will consider the Premises in a 
Pecuniary, or be pleased to honor me with any farther marks 
of his Approbation is humbly submitted to him, but to a friend I 
cannot help Repeating these heads which are so sensibly felt by 
me & must greatly prejudice my affairs, & I think myself 
peculiarly happy in such a Friend as you, Sir, to whom I can 
communicate them freely, & on whose Judgment I can rely for 
their being placed in the most advantagious Light. As You 
are doubtless early advised of American News, I need not to 
say more than that Indian affairs appear in the worst situation, 
and they seem only to have postponed not laid aside their designs, 
to which they find daily fresh provocations. Lt. Gov. Penn 
writes me that a German on his Frontiers has lately Murdered 
Ten Indians in Cool Blood & transmitted to me all the par- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 95 

ticulars. He is using all his endeavors to apprehend the Mur- 
derer but I fear he has got out of his reach. 

A more unlucky affair could scarcely have happened at this 
Critical period, when they are so discontented. On the arrival 
of the 6 Nations I shall do my utmost to convince them that it 
was a private Act for which the Offender will Suffer death, & 
shall do all I can to ward their resentment from falling on the 

From the present unhappy Disposition of the Indians I find 
they cod. not be prevailed upon to go the full Extent of your 
boundary with Maryland, however I am very glad to hear that it 
appears on the Whole so much to the advantage of Pensylvania 
which as far as is in my power I shall always promote, & I shall 
receive particular pleasure from every occasion I have of testify- 
ing my Obligations & the Real Esteem with which I always am 

Dear Sir, 1 

The Honble. T. PENN Esqr. 

My son requests I should offer you his best Compliments & 
sincere thanks for your Intentions in his favor, and I beg you will 
accept of mine on the same occasion. 


D. S. 

[February 6, 1768] 

]liam Johnson Bar'. 
To Hendrick Merckel jun r . D r 

[ ] Sundry Gall 5 , of Rum delivered to 

[ ] John Wolf Barlet, as p r . annexed Bill 

1 In the Library of Congress is a Force Transcript of the letter sent to 
Penn, which has, with slighter points of difference, the following: 

Your most obe d 

hum ble Ser 1 

Wm. Johnson 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

] lb. of Vermillion as p r . order 
] Rendering the pledge of Thomas an 
Indian, as p r . order 

]ox & 2 Cows, deliver'd to S r . John 
Johnson Cap". Guy Johnson & Capt n . 
Clauss, as p r . annexed Certificat of 
Capt n . Clauss 

] to Joseph 1 4 Victuals & Drink 3/6 

Rec d the above Acc n . 
| all Demands Henrich merckel Jun r 


13. 5. 







L. S. 

[Philadelphia, February 7, 1768] 


] I got here and brought [ 
] Rheumatism, — I wrote your hon r . from [New York 
] that one Frederick Stump and his servant had [ 
] Indians drunk and then murder'd them, ten in [ 
] men women and children. They were taken by [ 
young fellow one Capt n . Patterson who had for 

| the provincial Service, and deliver'd 
who had been received the chief 
]hend these murderers, and bring 
] amination, — the Justices of the 
not suffer the Sheriff to obey 
the Warrant but com[mit]ted them to the County Prison from 
whence in Six were rescued by a number of people 

from the | | in the middle of the day. this, has caused 

merly [ ] [ 

to the Sheriff in [ 
Justice's Warrant to [ 
them to Philadelphia [ 
Peace for the County 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 97 

very [ ] between the Assembly and Governour — and 

[ ] dispute about the Murder of the Conestogo 

[ ] charging the Governor with a neglect 


] Lands for the purpose of [ 
Nations and Ohio Indians, — (and I [ 
soon as this happens, I shall inform you [ 

I have not been able to see the Governor [ 
will soon. 

I am very sorry for these disputes, as [ 
should not be a a day lost in doing something with [ 
Indians, and those on Susquehannah. The re[ 
Murders on the Frontiers, and the want of power in [ 
Government to bring the Murderers to punishment [ 
bring on hostilities, unless some attonement can[ 
the Indians; by Condoling, and giving present [ 
in the Spring. 

Please to present my compliments to [ 
and all the Gentlemen and Ladies — and [ 
with great Respect, — your Honour's [ 

And Most [ 


A. L. S. 

London 7 lh : February [1768] 

I arrived here on the 1 6 th . of last Month, but a few [ 
before Lord Hilsborough entered into the new Office of Secre- 
tary for j | &c. and I had scarcely Time to rest a Day 
and deliver your [ ] Shelburne before the 
Business of the Colonies was out of his [ ] I 
suppose has been the Reason, why my Lord said very little 
[and] of my not hearing from him since — Lord Hilsborough I 

1 Lines burned off. 

98 Sir William Johnson Papers 

have [ ] has not mentioned to me your Letters 

to Lord Shelburne, nor have I [ ] any Conversation with 

him on any Thing, that could have been the [ ] any of 

them, yet Sir my Thanks are due to you for the kind 
in which you interrested yourself in my Affair, and which you 
] mit me here to repeat — This Change was unlucky 
for me, but [ ] [ ]try has been unsettled so long, 

that I cannot say it was altogether [ ] by me — I have 

been unlucky too in not finding Lord Adam [ ] Town, 

he is in Scotland busy about the ensuing Election [ | the 

Letters at his House, and was informed he would soon [ 
I cannot yet say whether my Sollicitations will have [ 
for Effect, and having nothing to inform you in Politicks 
] Consequence, except that it is not thought the present 
will continue long without some Alterations, I haste 
to [ ] I am 

with great Respect 

Dear Sir 
Your much obliged 
humble Serv 1 . 

J. T. Kem[pe] 
[Sir William Johnson] Baronet. 


A. L. S. 
[Schenectady, February 8, 1768] 

i *] 

] with your Letter inclosing [ 
ac]cepted in the manner we always meant. 
] much crouded with Company, & some urgent Busi- 
ness [ M rs Ellice & me Home a Friday Night I hope 
will excuse [ ]ting upon You that Morning at the Hall 
| take the liberty to inclose You a list of those Indian 


Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 99 

Goods [ ] now by Us, shou'd any of them be suitable, 

we will esteem any [orjder a singular favour those Articles 
which You may require [ ] be had from M r Campbell 

or us shou'd it be agreeable, we will lay in [ ] Albany 

on the best terms in our Power. 

I come now to in forme You that when we was in N York 
] enough to effect a settlem' with our friend J D & at 
that [ ] tollerable good Security, but as none of the 

Money he [ ]ome in before next Summer we shall be 

something [ ] up the remainder of our English remit- 

tances, we therefore [ ] our government what Part of 

the anex d Bills [ ] of April as we can purchase St r . Bills 


i 'i 

Much Service to our affairs to know [ ] 

I have the honor to be With perfect esteem [ ] 

Your most Obed 1 & mo[st] 
Hum e Servant 

James [Phyn] 

to philip schuyler 

A. L. S. 2 

Johnson Hall 8 th . Feb r ». 1768 

I am induced to trouble You now on behalf of the Best 
Indian of the Mohawks, Who last Summer had a Sorrel Mare 
(with White Mane & Tale, and a good pacer) Stole from him 
(As he since understands) by a New England Man, and, on 
hearing a few days ago from some of the Mohawks returning 
that way from their Hunt that She was in the possession of a 
Man living at, or near Saraghtoga Lake, applyed to me to make 
an Enquiry, And as I am unacquainted that way, and well 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

100 Sir William Johnson Papers 

knowing that you would not Suffer a thing of that kind to pass 
unnoticed, I take the liberty to request You will order an 
Enquiry to be made about it, and if possible to let y e . Ind n . 
named Abraham, take her home with him, which will greatly 
please him, & oblidge Sir 

Y r . Welwisher & Humble Servant 

W Johnson. 
Co L . Phill: Schyler 
INDORSED: Sir W m . Johnson 
8* Feb'. 1 768 

N: 988 


[New York February 8, 1768] 

] making [ 
] woud he ben to get it [ 

] will do, if you do not forbid me — [ 
] Mr Roberts woud have gone up to Johnson [ 

] Collins, but I find He does not go. I am told He 
] his Accounts Settled with the General, it has been 
] consequence of Col Croghan being there He goes up 
] Settled & then, as I understand the Matter 
] will pay your draft for the Amount — 
They go on very Slowly with your Patent at the office 
] them done as speedily as possible — 
] I shall be glad to receive your Agreable Command [s 
&ca] [ ] M rs Wetherhead joins me in best Respects to 

you [ ] Remain 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead. 

1 Lines burned off. 

From painting in Schuyler Mansion, Albany, X. Y. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 101 

A. L. S. 
[New York February 8, 1768] 

] will take care to be [ ] 

] He desires me to bring the petition [ 
] when the Councill sets & after that I will haunt [them] 
] Devill till the finish it for me [ ] makes such 

a cursed Noise I cant say more than that [ ] Respects 

to Sir John &c 

Sir your most Obliged Humble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

[ ] 


the Honorable Sir William Johnson B l 

Johnson Hall 
with 611 Tea 
to the Care of M r Cartwright 


A. L. S. 
[Fort Pitt, February 13, 1768] 

I x ] 

[ ] having murdered [ ] 

] and Scalping them, is known to all the [ 

[ ] in this Country. 

The Indians are very much alarm'd at it, — I have [ 

them on the Occasion, and used every Argument in [ 

] er to make then easy on that head, — They were 

enough of us before, and very discontented; but 

1 Lines burned off. 

102 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this [ ] of Stumps, has made the Warriors of the dif- 

ferent nations [ ]ous, as they say, the English are 

certainly determined [ ]ke War on us, or otherwise they 

would not Scalp our [ j le — the Scalping those 

Indians is worse than murdering [ ] They come here 

from all parts of the Country enquiring [ I have heard 

from Sir William Johnson, the General [ ] or 

of Philadelphia — or whether you are coming up [ I 

shall continue to do everything in my power to [ 
[ ] quiet till you come up — and the sooner you come, 

the [ ] Warriors of those Tribes have sent Belts to the 

[ ] them to come to the plains of Scioto 

[ ] ncil of their own, next month — and they 

[ ] Six Nation Warriors at Venango 

[ ] day [ ] turning home 


[ ] away at this time [ 

in their suspicions — that we want [ 

Some of the lower Shawan[ 
that the Tribes living on the Ouabache, seem [ 
incensed against the English., for having fixed [ 
their Country, and threaten to plunder next sp[ring.] 
the Indians that went with M r . Phyn, and are [returned? 
confirm the Account the Shawanese gave me, and [ 
these Accounts prove true, the communication [ 
Ohio will be shut up. 

I have nothing more at present to inform [ 
but that most of the Shawanese and Delawares [ 
are here, — and propose waiting hereabouts to see [ 
they say, they will stay till the Middle of M [ 
then they say, they must attend their own [ 
Western nations. 

I am, Sir [ 

[ ] 

Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 103 


[New York, February 15, 1768] 

I *] 

[ ] with the Writts for a New [ ] 

]urday Night & now they are [ 
[ ] which He must have done with al [ ] 

finished on Wednesday or Thurday I then will 
immediately [ ] Business — for the Small Patent I 

mean, as to the other [ ] Petition to the Governor 

v/ithe Name of the parties as you | ] laid it before the 

Councill on Wednesday last, the Conideration [ ] left 

to a Commitee, who will determine this week, but [ 

] tells me there is no Doubt but it will be Complyd 
with Hugh Gaine will send you all the Votes of the Assembly 
by next [ | as Soon as He Can get them done — 

You will be pleased to excuse the liberty I take in Sending you 
the [ ] Warrant of Survey for Col Croghans Lands, 

you will be pleased | to Mr Fry, for that is my order 

from Croghan & tell him He [ ] about it as quikly as 

possible, I understand He wants the [ ] finished, by the 

Time the Governor goes up wch will certainly [ | begin- 

ning of May at the farthest. 

Mr Roberts Stays Here as I understand, waiting 
for your [ letters in Answer to what the Generall has 

wrote you concerning [ 

My wife joins me in Respects to you & Sir John & remain 
[ ] Truth 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

1 Lines burned off. 

104 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[February] 16th 1768 A. M. 


] be at the entire Disposal of [Sir William] 

] the Money 2 is to be paid to his 
] He shall think proper to draw them. 
] carrying a great Point? 
] Persons, who opposed it, were M r . Allen & M r 
Joseph] [Fox] this Occasion They thunder 'd forth their 
] Oratory, to show, That three hundred pounds 
gh] & That it was unparliamentary & impolitick 
] Persons, but their Own Commis 11 , dispose of them 
But their Rhapsody was in Vain, as [ ] & the sig- 

nificant Members were determined to demonstrate [ ] Id, 

Their high Opinion of the Abilitys & Honor [of Sir] William 
and That not a Moment Ought to be [ 
He was enabled to remove the Indian Discon[tent] [ 
Manner, as He thought proper, both to the [ 
] & On the Ohio. 

every Man be now convinced of the ill Disposi- 

] People here toward the Indian Depart [ment] 

that They would do every Thing in their Power 


had passed the House — M r . Chief Justice 
Allen] declaimed again (as they knew the Gov r . could 

] was a Mony Bill) — That a Message 
to the Governor & He should be 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 £2500 voted as a present of condolence to the Indians by the Pennsyl- 
vania assembly. 



Post-War Period, 1763-1774 105 

[ ] William — Whether it would be 

[ ] Commissioners in Time for 

[ ] th 


might have an Opportunity of 

of these persons — That It coud [ 

therefore He drew the following Paragraph [ 

to the Message" — (which He just brought [ 

might shew it to you) — Vide 1 . 

"It would give us pleasure would the [Time 
this & the Treaty admit of transmitting [ 
sending Commissioners to attend it (the [Treaty) 
were done And shold He (S r William) advise you [ 
made by your Honour of the practicability 
Meesure We think it will be right & neces[ 
But otherwise We have so perfect a Confidence 
in that Gentlemans good Disposition toward [ 
Province And great Knowledge in Indian [ 
That We have no Doubt He will Every Thing [ 
Terms, That is necessary in Meting those [ 
presents & reconciling as far as is in his [ 
Nations to their former Alliance & Friendship 
Government &c" 

It is the Determination of the House, [ 
should have the Sole Disposition of the [ 
would mortify Our Friends, That carried [ 
the Governor or any of his Commis[ 
Him, as to attempt to get H [ 
it was practicable to [ 
I therefore earnestly [ 


] Service, 
most indigested scrawl 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 Message of the Pennsylvania assembly to the governor. 

106 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

[ ] & cannot possibly go Out to 

[ ] 

I am with real Regard 
Y rs Assuredly &c 

S Wharton 


George Croghan Esq r 
p r . Oliver — 

A. L. S. 

[Niagara 17*} Feb** 1768. 

I did myself the honor of writeing [ ]4 th Jan r y after the 

Arrival of M r Magra at [ ] that Gentleman since his 

being here seem'd [ ] form'd no Settled plan, Some days 

ago he told [ ] he wish'd to return down the Country 

Capt n [ ] has procured an Ind n to go alongst w l him, who 

] Bearer of this, — I readyly agreed to his returning [ 

] appeard to me that there was no method of doing 

] Service without runing a risque of affronting him 

] doubt Capt n M c Leod informs you of every thing 

] knows relative to Ind ns I understand that Some 

jealou]sy Still Subsists betwixt the Senecas & missesagaes 

] far it is political or not I will not pretend to [ 

both nations are so near Neighbours to us ] wish they 

lived in harmony 

I am with great respect 

Your most Obed 1 and Most 

humble Serv*. 

John Brown 
[ ] Johnson. 

INDORSED: [ ] Ind n . Express 

March 22 d . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 107 

A. L. S. 
[Philadelphia, February 17, 1768] 

[ •] 

[ Ho] use of Assembly [ ] 

House had Sent up to the [ ] Mony Bill for £3000 

pounds [ ] Kings use 2500 p ds . of w h . was [ 

putt into your Honors Hands [conjdolances presents for the 

Six Nations [and the] ohio Indians, the other 500 was [ 

be Resarved to pay for Takeing up Stump and other Charges 

on that Head — and this Morning the Governor Tould Me he 

was Going to pass itt & that He wold Write to you on the 


On this Ocation there Has been Very High Disputes in the 
House of aSembly [ ] Cheffe Justus M r . Allen & M r . 

Joseph Fox [insisted that the Mony was two Much [ ] that 
what Ever Sume was Granted [ be Lay d . out in the 

province by [commissioners of thire own y e . other [ ] to 

powerfull & Declair d . that | ] & Manidgement of this 

] Nott Intierly under your [ Wold Grant 


[ . . . ,] 

that He and his Council ] of this Mater in thire own 

[ ] 

Dureing those Disputes Boath ] to Me to Know 

when y e . Six Nati[ons ] you att y r . house or German 

Flatts [ ] them att fardest by y e . first of Mfarcrr] that 

there was Nott a Day to be L[ adviseing your 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 Johnson held a meeting from March 4th to the 1 2th with the Six 
Nations, Canadian Indians and Cherokees. 

3 Joseph Galloway, of Philadelphia, speaker of the Pennsylvania 
assembly, 1 766-74. 

108 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Honor what they had [ ] In all this affair M r . 

Gallaway 2 who Le[ads the] Quaker party has behaved 
with the [ ] Respect to your Honor and the 

advan[ ] that the publick Derive from y r . De- 

par [tment] and your old aquaintance M r . Sam: W[harton] 
and his famaly & Connections has [ ] been Idle and they 

are the first & [ ] party heer Either in the Meeting 

] or att Elections Nothing in thire [ ] been 

Wanting to Shoe those who [ ] be well aquanted with 

Maters the [ ] the Department whilst under [ 

prudent Direction w h . has b[ ] to Some old pretended 

[ ] 

[ '] 

] Says your Honor May [ ] Meshers as you 

Judg. fitt [ location when Ever you plase [ 

Draw for the Mony on Sight [ ] what I have Lam they 

Expect that [ ]rt is to be Given to y e . Six Nations 

] part to those att ohio but No [d]oubt the Spaker has 
Inform d . you [ ] his Leter w h . I now Send you 

I am prepairing a Mesidge for the Governor to Send to the 
Ohio Indians [to] be Delivered by M r . M c Kee att his own Re- 
qust on Acount of y e . Murder commited by Stump & his Servant 
Cap 1 . Thomas M c Kee as Soon as Stump [ ] Commited 

this Murder Went up to [Fort] Agusta to Spake to y e . Indians 
on [Susque]hannah & found them Much [ ]ted & 

Treatening to take Incident [ Stay d . two Days with 

them [ Every thing in his power [ ] Esey Till 

Some further [ ] fallen on 

[ ! ] 

observes is very uncom [ 

the News of the Murder by [Stump ] to ohio the 27 th of Jan? 
I thought itt My Duty to Write [ ] 

Some a Count of the party Disputes [ 
this ocation that you Might be | ] how the poples opinion 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 109 

Stand Resp[ your Department. I have No view of 

predussis — your honor in feavor of [one] or Against the other 
the facts are [ ] Related them & fer My own part I 

No Rason to Love Either More th[an] Sutes my 
Convenancy or answers a [Good] to the Service I am Imploy d . 
in under y e [ ] for they have boath att Times used Me 

] was in thire power butt as I have Re[ ] the 

Sentiments of boath att Pres [ ] I Make No Doubt Butt 

y r . honor [ ] Me by y e . Return of this Express to 

Request the feaver of you to Send [ ]ious 

how to act as I wold [ ] any Disputes with any people 

[ ] Intierly under your [ ] 

[ '] 

what Ever part you will [ ]ow in feaver of them 

[ ] [ ] & order them to Deliver Me Y e . Goods 

] its Imposable to Gett Goods from [ ] Time 

up and for My own part [ ] Nott for any Consideration 

have | ] thing of the province Mony putt [ ] hands 

& if agreeable to y r . honor [ ] be Glad you wold Write 

y e . Governor Spaker to Send Commisioners to Ohio 

] the Goods Given to the Indians [ ] Honor will 

Excuse My Takeing up [ ] much of y r . Time with this 

Long Leter Convey My Sentiments in a few words 

[ ] ut to Avoid Reflections from A [ ] Dont Love 

Me w h . is in y r . power [ ] Me from in the Mode I 

Preposed [ ] have Wrote the Gineral & Inclose you 

[ ] Leter to him for y r . perruseal [ ] M r . Gallaway 

Deliverd Me his Leter [ ] honor I Must think Itts a 

Leter informing you what has been Done [ ] Respct y r . 

honors [ ] & Most Hum ble Serv 

[ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] the Vocher [ ] 

Lines burned off. 

1 10 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] count and the Silver [ ] 

] the Box of Silver Ware wh[ 
] ner Examins & itt Sutes you [ ] order paid the 

first parsel I Sent [ ]as Jany & you paid Me for them 

£72:3:9 [ ] £174:5:3 is what Should be in y e Box. 

L. S. 1 
[Philada. February 17, 1768] 

I 1 

[ ] Governor Penn [ ] [ ] by the 

Assembly, for Three Thousand [Poun]ds, to be laid out in 
Presents to the Indians, and put into Sir William Johnson's 
hands to Condole with the different Nations, who has had some 
of their People Murdered on the Frontiers of this Government. 

Governor Penn is about sending a Message by M r . Hutchins 
to Fort Pitt, to be delivered by M r :M c :Kee to the Shawanese, 
Delawares and Six Nations there, in Order to make them easy 
till further Measures can be taken ; Which Messages I Am pre- 
paring for the Governor. 

By the last Advices from the Frontiers, Numbers of the Out- 
settlers, are removing down into the interior Settlements of this 
Province, for fear of an Indian War, and the People who 
rescued Stump and his Servant, out of Carlisle [ ] has 

him yet in their Custody and tis [ ] deliver him up. 

[ ] Leter I have from M r : M c :Kee at Fort Pitt 

[ ] that come there [ ] 

[ =] 

time, he says, there are several of the Senecas, and 

1 In the State Library are remains of two copies of the Croghan letter. 
Saved portions of the one are used to supplement the other in the matter 
here printed. 

2 Lines burned away. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 111 

other tribes come [ ] Country, to hunt this Winter 

| uncommon. The News of Stumps having Murdered 
ten Indians near Penn's Creek reached Ohio the 27 th . January, 
by four Indians sent from the great Island in Sasquehannah [to] 
inform the Western Nations of that unlucky affair. 

I have had another Letter from Mr M c :Kee, who has been up 
at Fort Augusta [ ] the Indians were Murdered by 

Stump, — he says, that the Indians thereabout [ ] the 

great Island Village were much [ ] on that Occasion; 

and threatned to [ ] immediately on the frontier Inhabi[ 

stayed there two Days and had a Mee[ting with] 
them, after which, they seemed mo[ ] Minds, and 

promised him, they [ ] Measures of their own, till their 

[ ] and the Six Nations were [ ] acquainted with 

this unfortunate affair. 

lam [ ] 

[ ] 

His Excellency The Honourable [ ] 

[ ] 

INDORSED: [ ]or Copy 

] letter to Genr 1 Gage 

A. L. S. 

Niagara, February 17, 1768] 


] Drunken manner and has told me | 
| behav'd so unbecoming the Character of a Gentleman 
| take much notice of him as one of us. 
has done some Mischief amongst the Indians on his 
way | | reporting at all the Castles on his way that there 

is a French | ] ing up the Mississippy who are to conquor 

1 Lines burned off. 

1 1 2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this Country in Spring. ] of News came to my ears 

by a Seneca Call'd Sa'go'isence who men[ ] to one of 

the Traders when a little in Liquor; upon my hearing [his 
hajving said so, I immediately sent for him, and asked him in 
presence [ ] a Seneca Chief who he came by such a piece 

of Intelligence [ ] a great deal of prevarication, that the 

News was sent by you [ ] them by a white man, who 

came Express from you with [ ]ga Indian, 

and had a Dutch man for his Interpreter. 

] the Indian that it was all a Lye, and that the Man who 
propagated [ ] story was a lying fellow and ought not to 

be believed. In the [ ] M r . Magra was sent for to Cap'. 

Browns, where being question'd [ ] the above intelli- 

gence, he deny'd every thing, saying how could [ J any 

Such News when he could not talk any Indian language. 
] talk English, and his Interpreter can talk both English 
and Indian [ ] no more about this affair only the man 

that acted as his Interpreter [ ] Month lives at Thom- 

son's; Captain Magra's agreement with [ ] the Dutch- 

man has in writing) is Curious enough. Magra [ ] in 

your Employment in spring, if there's no Vacancy 
way you are to get him the Command of one of [ ] at 

present you Only allow him £50 sterling [ ] you too 

much with so bad a Subject. [ the Senecas and the] Mes- 

sesagas will go to loggerheads in spite of [ ] which may 

be bad, and a 

[ •] 

The 30 th of January Mac Carty came [ ] him if he 

would Chuse to be Employed [ ] me nothing could 

please him more. The [ ] pritty well for the Messesagas 

when theres no [ ] he is a very bad Interpreter for the 

Senecas, [ ] Cordially, and I have often been told he 

knows very [ ] Wabacommegat has been here and got 

his cagg of | Senecas are a parcel of lying Rascals, My 

1 Lines burned away. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 113 

modesty [ ] me to Contradict so great a Man. 

I wish the Parliament would put your Department on 
[ ]tion, as at present the powers of we Commissare are 

not [ There is sort of News here only the white fish 

has in [ ] which is no Small loss to this place in General, 

but to [ ] in particular, we lost our Doctor about 

twenty ago or [ ] two night Vomiting of Blood. 

M rs MacLeod and her Daughter Joins me in kindest respects 
[ ] and Sir John 

I am 

Your most Obedient 
Most Humble Servant 

Nor d . M[acLeod] 
P. S. As M r Magra is so communicative [ j 

Order'd the Indian not to allow him to [ ] 

not to believe one Word he says, I [ ] 

of legans and a Shirt the rest [ ] 



The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson B f . 
Johnson hall. 

Phill. Feb. 18, 1768 
I '] 

| a petision from the [traders] att Detroit to be Lay d . 
[before] your Honor & if you have any [ to Write 

them on this Subject or to [ ] ther petisions I Deliverd you 

when Johnson Hall plese to Send them [to] Me 

& Berrer if Conveinent & I will [for] ward them 

I Spoke to you About Killbuck | [Ne]gro w h . was 

Given up in 59 by Gineral [Stan]wix & he then promist pay for 

1 Lines burned off. 

1 1 4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

him [ ] [ ] the Gineral & obtain d a Recept 

] he in 60 apply d . to Gineral Monckton [ ] and 

Likewise was promist pay & obtain d . [ Recept wh, he 

Lay d . before you when att y e . less [ ] & brought an order 

to Me to See to [ ] him Satisfy d . by y e , Goverm 1 . of 

Maryland [y l govern] ment will Do Nothing in itt he [ 
jtianly Intitled to be paid & I fear | ] Nott he will pay 

himself Some [ ] for he is Capable of Doing Much 

] to Lett Me know what [ ] I am Dear Sir with 

[ ] most obeident Humble 

[ ] 


Johnson Hall, Feb. 18, 1768. 

[D r Sir/] 

[Your favor of the 31st ult° arrived here whilst I laboured 
under an attack of my old disorder which] prevented rne [from 
answering it 'till now, — ] two, or three days before, I [received 
a Letter from L'] Gov r Penn with an accot of his proceed 5 [in 
Indian] Affairs together with the particulars of the barbarous 
[Murder] committed by Fredk Stump as mentioned in your 
Letter [which] I consider as one of the most dangerous accidents 
that [could have] happened at this period and I much fear that 
the [Lawless] Gentry on the frontiers will render it worse by 
Screening [the] Murderer, or contributing to his Escape. — 
The Effects of [this] additional act of Cruelty may better be 
foreseen than [prevented, The Indians of Onoghquagey have 
already wrote to [me] upon it, in Consequence of belts sent 
thro' the Six Nations [with] the News, and they say that some 
of their people, the [Tusca]roras who were hunting in that 
Country are witheld [from] Returning by the White people least 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 115 

the News should be [too soon] propagated, in consequence of 
which they are very [uneasy] and desire a pass to fetch them 
away, this detention [of these] Indians as it will doubtless be 
misinterpreted by the [Confederacy] will increase their resent- 
ment, and the Indians [Justly remark in] their Letter that altho' 
the Affair may be ["Smoothed over in] Council, their minds 
cannot be healed in [the present disposition they] are." — 

[I wish the Establishments] of the Governments you [men- 
tion may not make things much worse,] as I have reason [to fear 
they will, I have often observed that nothing of that kind could 
be undertaken, with due regard to Policy until all prejudices 
were removed, a firm Tranquility Established and the Indians 
previously consulted thereon, — The Very report of the Intended 
Colony on Ohio advertised by Lieut Webb, was made a Con- 
siderable Cause of the late] Indian War, and the [Indians have 
already heard of these] Intended Governmts under [the most 
unfavorable 1 ] Circumstances. 

Lieut Roberts being [ his long journey in much 

want of Cash [ ] he may if I apply for it receive the 

Am [ ] incurred since sending in my last being [ 

M r Mortier to deduct so much out of my [ ] be glad that 

that is settled for him, and believe [ | occasion for it. — 

As for the Disbursements | ] I have Vouchers for the 

Whole Excepting ] to have been incurred by order of 

Capt. Murray 2 [ ] which was said to be in your Secre- 

tarys of[ ] no objection to the payment thereof in w h . 

case [ 

The Ammot of Drafts on me fr[ ] at present in my 

hands is £4852. I have a petition from the Traders 

] Interest with you that the same [ appre- 

hended that Rogers had Cash or Goods, & what 

1 Portions burned off are supplied to this point from an extract made 
before the fire, now printed in Collections of the Illinois State Historical 
Library, 16:171-72, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

2 At Fort Pitt. 

1 1 6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they [ ] them to be for the good [ ] of your 

Answer [ ] 

[ '] 

Gen l Gage 

INDORSED : Feby 1 8 th 1 768 To General Gage 

D/. 2 

[Johnson Hall, Feb. 18, 1768] 

l ] 

] Land or you will [ ] the Deed 

] I find that Altho the Whole tract was to [ ] 

] [4 equal Shares Yet 3 ] M r Lawyer is very desirous 
Two persons more, one for Three & the other 
] thousand Acres, which would greatly Lessen the 4 
& therefore I have told him that if he takes in any 
] Asociates he should give them Land out of his 
] Share, and indeed I think it ought to be so. 
As You know the Ammot of the Indian purchase 4 & [ 
now send down the Accot of Subsequent Expences, by 
favor of you to inform me the Ammot of the Whole 
] fees &ca included 

the fees for the three Shares shall be sent down 

together with the Names necessary to be inserted 3 ] 

I wrote your Excell ? the 22 d . ult°. in answer to your fav r . 

]th concerning the Militia and hope shortly to be 

] with your farther Commands 

I am in daily expectation of the arrival of the [ ] to 

treat with the Cherokees, but the late [ [mur]der 

committed in Pensylvania will I fear ]quence Imagin- 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

3 Crossed out in the original. 

4 The Lawyer tract in Schoharie county, N. Y. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 117 

able to our Affairs as [ ] their discontents are almost 

general [ ] with us, which I have [ ] of their in- 

tended Congresses 

[ ■] 

Df. 2 
[Johnson Hall, February 18, 1768] 

i '] 

] indisposed with [ ] which has Visited me often 

of late years [ ] now somewhat recovered. 

] bloody Transaction gives me no small uneasiness 
] happened at the most unfortunate period, when 
]ians had no occasion for a fresh instance of Cruelty 
] their resentment, insomuch that I fear all [ ]ors 

to protract their designs, and prevent their Associations [ 
prove ineffectual. I heartily wish you may be able to [ 

]hend the Murderer, and am very glad to hear of the 
[ ]sures you are taking, for the relief of the Indian [grievances 
the necessity for which appears daily more obvious. 

Since the receipt of your Letter I find that the Six Nations 

] received Belts and Messages Setting it forth in the 

Light, on which occasion I have received a Letter 

from [ ] Indians at Onoghquagey informing me of it, & 

that Tuscaroras who were hunting not far from the 

place | Murder was committed have been detained by 

people to prevent the News from Spreading amst 

This Gives the 6 Nations much addit 1 . concern 

Tuscaroras has desired A pass to go & fetch them 

] of opinion that they should be dismissed [ 

2 Lines burned off. 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

1 1 8 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as I expect the Six Nations Daily [ ] Deputys I shall on 


[ x ] 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 388, is entered a letter of the i 9th from 
John Wetherhead to Johnson about letters inclosed and letters to be 
despatched by the general. Destroyed by fire excepting signature, phrase 
of courtesy and address. 

A. L. S. 

[February 22,] 1768 

[ *] 

] Governors Directions I beg [ ] inclosed 

Commission. As I would not [ you with the other 

Commissions appoints [ ] officers you have been pleased 

to recommend [to Sir Henrjy, I have taken the liberty to put 

them [ ] to your Secretary Col. Johnson, which I hope 

] with your approbation. I have the honor to [ 

the greatest Respect 


Your most obliged and 

obedient humble Servant 

John French. 


the Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 119 

A. L. S. 1 

New York Feb*. 22*. 1768. 
Dear Sir, 

The December Mail from England is arrived, and I have by 
that opportunity received a Letter from Lord Shelbourne, 
wherein he acquaints me of His Majesty's Intentions relative to 
the running of a Boundary Line between the Several Provinces 
which have not yet compleated it, and the Indian hunting 
Grounds; That as several different Interests were concerned in 
this Matter, it had been found Necessary to delay the final 
Determination on this head for a few Days. But his Lordship 
adds "In the mean time I have written to Sir William Johnson, 
acquainting him of this, and directing him to prepare the Several 
Tribes of Indians for the Completion of this Matter early in the 
Spring, assuring him that he shall receive Instructions for that 
Purpose by the Next Packet. The Letter you will receive here- 
with I suppose to be the Letter which His Lordship mentions to 
have written you. 2 This Sort of Boundary seems far different 
from that which you have taken notice of in some Letters to me, 
and which M r . Croghan first explained to me : But it is the only 
Boundary which ever seemed to be intended or thought of by 
His Majesty's Ministers in the Course of their Correspondence 
with me on the Subject of a Boundary. This Plan has been also 
extended to the Southward, and compleated by Georgia, North, 
and South Carolina. 

I inclose you a Copy of a Letter which I received yesterday, 
from M r : Croghan; which will inform you of what is doing by 
the Province of Pensylvania in Indian Affairs. There are dif- 
ferent Reports about Stump and his Accomplice, some say he 
is still kept Prisoner by those who rescued him to be delivered 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:2. 

120 Sir William Johnson Papers 

up upon Terms respecting the Place of his Tryal, others say he 
is at Liberty. 

I am to beg of you to forward the inclosed by an Express to 
Niagara, there are Letters for Detroit &c a which the Com- 
mander of Niagara may forward from thence. 

I am with great Regard 

Dear sir, 
Your Most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir William Johnson Baronet. — 

indorsed : New York Feb r y. 22 d . 1 768 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
^ Express — 


[Nerv York], 22 feby 1768 

I had the Honour to write to you the 1 5 Instant to [ 
] ferr ; Sundry affairs have detained me this morning [ 
post is upon its departure, & have only one moment [ 
to tell you that I have Seen General Gage, who [ ] me 

that he would have only 1 8000 acres & pay his proper [ 
Sir Henry Moore our Governor will pay for My [Lor]d Hol- 
land. So that this affaire is Settled. 

According to some Poletics, the whole Ministery [ 
be Changd, the Due of Bedford 1 at the Helm, M r G Granville 2 
jsellor of the Treasoury. Lord Sandwhich 3 Secretarry 
1 state; however theese things are not Sure until settn". 4 

1 John Russell, fourth Duke of Bedford. 

2 George Grenville, author of the stamp act of March 22, 1 765. 

8 John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, later first lord of the admiralty. 
4 Septennial elections evidently. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 121 

] Chathum as appears maintains his ground. I am 
] the sinceerest Respect & attachement 

Dear Sir 
Your most obedient & 
most humble servant 

Peter Hasenclever 
[ ] onet 


[Detroit, February 23, 1768] 

[ 1 

] Michillimackinac [ ] Indians of S l Joseph 

which was too true [ ] letters we have received from 

Traders at that Place, [ ] that Rogers had been there 

some Months, but [ ] been often insulted by the Indians 

he determined to go and winter at Kikiki some days march to the 
Westward of S f Joseph. That soon after his arrival there, he 
was knocked on the head, and all his goods plundered, The 
Inhabitants and Traders at S l Joseph wants much to lay the 
blame on the Savages intirely who they say declared at a Council 
held at the House of one Louis Chevallier, that they would not 
suffer any English man to to come near the Place, We are in- 
formed that Major Rogers had Recommended his Namesake to 
said Chevallier, which perhaps he may imagine gives him Suf- 
ficient Authority to Counsel with Indians, if requires very little 
penetration to Trace the French Policy through every part of 
their Transactions, and they want to enhance the Trade to them- 
selves if they can. — 

The 7 th Instant We Received Letters from some of [ 
People at Miamis, acquainting us that one Hambach | 
formerly a Volunteer in the 1 st Batt n 60 th Reg' was [ ] 

that Place the 19 th of Jan r y: by five Potowatamies [ 

1 Lines burned off. 

122 Sir William Johnson Papers 

had lodged three or four days with [ ] where his mer- 

chandise [ 


Traders that [ 

Indians, there is a Possibility [ 

come from some of the French [ 

Service, who are certainly there [ 

But it is as likely that the Inhabitants [ 

had a Share in it, particularly M r Che[vallier 

made mention of before; he is a leading [ 

Indians, and much Indebted to said [ 

refused last Summer to come to Detroit [ 



A. L. S.- 
Johnson Hall Feb*. 29* 1768 
Dear Sir 

I am so circumstanced at present, that I have only time to 
acknowledge the receipt of y r . Several letters of the 2 d , 7 th ., 
17 th ., & 18 th . Ins 1 ^ Express, & to let You know that I shall 
answer them fully by the next Post, When I hope I shall be able 
to inform You of something favourable having been done at 
Home relative to my Department. 

That no time may be lost at this Critical Juncture, I would 
have you dispatch a Message imediately to the Six Nations 
living along the Ohio, the Shawanese, Delawares, & Such other 
Tribes in that part of the Country as have had any of their People 
killed by ours since the Peace, to meet you at Fort Pitt as Soon 
as possible. 

I expect a great Number of the Six Nations here in 
two Days, — Several of the Canada Indians have been attend- 
ing some time, and a large Body from thence, are (by y e . report 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 123 

of two Runners yesterday Arrived) within a Days March of this 
place, So that I hope to open the Congress in two or 3 days, and 
shall finish as soon as I possibly can w th . propriety the consump- 
tion of provisions for such Numbers, and the difficulty of getting 
it being so great. 

please to present my compliments to Messrs. Baynton & 
Wharton, and apologize for my not writing them now, & let 
them know I shall do myself the pleasure of answering their 
freindly & polite letters next Saturday. — 

I am Y rs & 

WJ — 

G Croghan EsQ r . — 

M r . & M rs . Prevost &ca are well, — I have got y e Warr*. of 
Survey for y e Tract of y e . Lakes, & shall get Fry to run it as 
soon as possible. — this Day the Election at Schenectady for a 
Member begins, and a thursday that at Albany, which also adds 
something to my trouble. 


[Johnson Hall, February 29, 1768] 

t 2] 

Ass]embly for presents [ of which I] have 

been likewise advised [ ] [ ] lloway, I think this a 

very seasonable | ] much obliged to you for the opinion 

you Express in [ ] the application of it in which you may 

rest assured [ ] all be solely guided by my regard for the 

interests and [ ] of the Province, at the same time I must 

observe from the pres f . disposit". of the Ind s . that no [ 
or Gratification will Avail unless the conduct of the frontier 
[ ] tants should change or that by a Vigorous Exertion of 

Sound Laws restrained from Murders, Encroach- 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lines burned off. 

124 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ments & outrages in future, [ ] have some reason to hope 

will be the case from those Lately enacted. [ presence 

of Commissioners from Pensylvania would be very [ 
to me upon this occasion, but many of the Indians being 
[alrea]dy arrived & the whole expected within 3, or 4 days at 
the [ ] st it will be impossible to have them here in Suf- 

ficient [ ] happens luckily at this period that so great 

& Gen 1 , a [congrejss is to be held as it will enable me to assure 
so many of the detestation your Government mani- 

fests for such Acts [ ] & of their farther intentions to 

punish the Guilty Authors [ ] I shall take care to enlarge 

in a proper manner [ ] you have received, however I 

sho d . [ ] Boat on the Ohio were not Murdered [ 

of the Six Nation Confederacy. But my regard [ 
province, and my desire to apply its Money [ ] promote 

the ends for which [ ] that altho' the Tribes and [ 

appear to be [ ] 

[ '] 

with a [ ] 

as the [ 

the rest will not attempt any [ ] 

the whole Confederacy have been greatly [ 
sometime past, which from the accots I [ ] 

Indians who are already come to this place [ j 

particularly by the Murder of the Wh [ ] 

and therefore in their present disposition & from a [ 
of their power & Influence, I am of opinion that [ ] 

be done towards preventing the effects of their r[ 
we can more effectually convince them of the purity of [ 
by our future Justice and good treatment for [ ] 

& from my desire to more Effectually to Serve the [ 
think that any sum less then £1300 Pen a . Cur[rency ] much 
impression & therefore I have given direc[ ] to that 

Ammount, which I shall deliver to such [ ] such man- 

ner, as will best conduce to the pro[ ] 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 125 

the Indians that your province is innocent, of 
Individuals of which you are desirous to give them | 
The shortness of the time would not admit [ 
Money for the purchase of the Pres[ent 
by the next opportunity and instruct [ 
to Say to those in your Quarter | 
Sum may be given in Like [ 

I shall [ 
of my [ 


Df. 2 
[Johnson Hall, Feb. 29, 1768] 

[ *] 

[ ] the 18th inst. 

[ ] last met from the 

[ ] of £2500, was Voted for presents to the 

] were pleased to make Subject to my Draughts. 

] plication of this money is a point in which the 
interests of [ ] are concerned which I shall always 

gladly promote ] mined since I am honored with the 

disposal of it to render [ ] effectual for the purposes it 

was granted on which I shall [ ] my real sentiments as 

its Sincere Welwisher and as the [ ] of my office re- 

quires. After thanking you for the Intimat ns . you gave [ 
sentments of the House. — First I must observe that altho' this 
properly applied may prove of great Service at this 
Juncture [ ] the preventing of Murders and encroach- 

ments in future & remove | ] ter as speedily as possible by 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

126 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the help of good Laws [ jusly inforced will be the prin- 

cipal Security against the [ ]ent of the Indians now at 

the highest pitch from repeated of ill treatment from 

Sundry persons in the Colonies. 

] to the division of the Money I should remark 
that [ ] Indians in your own Neighbourhood ought 

doubtless to [ ] are they dependants upon the Six 

Nations to whom [ ] both in Numbers and interest and 

in all public Acts [ ] considered as Guided by them, 

particularly [the Senecas who?] are upwards of 1000 fighting 
Men, 6c have [ ] must be strongly exasperated at the 

[ ] this occasion provided. 

[ *] 

butM r Crog[ ] 

about Fort Pitt [ ] 

What I have observed arising from [ ] 6c disposi- 

tion of the Indians 6c my desire [ ] best Services on 

the occasion, I cannot think [ ] will Answer any pur- 

pose this Way, and I shall [ ] A present to that 

Ammount on behalf of the Prov[ ] accompany with 

every measure in my power for [ ] convincing them 

how much your Government dete[ ] Cruelty, as well 

as your resolutions to prosecute 6c punish the [ This 

present I purchase Myself as the Time will not [ 
drawing for it, but shall do so Shortly in the m[ ] 

You may always rely on My best endeavors [ ] of 

Pensylvania, and I shall be glad to hear from [ 
You mention or on any occasion being always [ ] 

Sir 6cca 

Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 127 

A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall 29 l K Febi 1768 


An Express from Genr 1 . Gage who Arrived here last night, 
left y e . enclosed amongst a parcel of others, & went away about 
ten of the Clock in y e . night. — 

I take the first opertunity by one of the Philadelphia Ex- 
presses now returning to Send it You. — 

Having been Yesterday informed of Your being unanimously 
requested to Serve as Member for the Citty & County by the 
Principal People of Albany, & of y r . Acquiessence thereto. I 
have only to congratulate You thereupon & to assure You of my 
approbation of their Choice. & that I am Sir Y r . Welwisher 

& verry Humble Serv*. 

W Johnson 
Phillip Schyler 2 Esq r . — 

INDORSED : Sir W M Johnson 
Feb : 29* 1 768 
N°. 989 

A. L. S. 3 

[Philb March the 1* 1768] 
[Deer Sir] 

[Sence I Wrote you] Last by Express [a Servant of M r ] 
Whartons from Fort pitt [brought Me] two Letters & packets of 
[Acounts &] vouchers from Co 11 Cole which [I have] Ex- 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

2 Philip Schuyler represented Albany county in the general assembly 
of 1768-69. 

3 Portions burned away are supplied from a copy made before the fire, 
printed in Collections of the Illinois Stale Historical Library, 16:178-81, 
ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

128 Sir William Johnson Papers 

amined & find properly Certify^ [by Co 11 ] Read amounting to 
neer £11000 p d * [Co" Cole] Drue a Bill on Me fer the 
amount [w h I] Did Nott Chuse to accept Butt tould M r Whar- 
ton I wold Send y e . Acounts & vouchers to y r honor & Requst 
you to Send them [an] order on his Excelancy fer y e . Mony 
[M r ] Wharton preposed to Send an Express [att] his Expence 
therefore I agreed to itt [I blive] they are in Great Want of 
Mony [and] will Write you by thire Express. 

[I] find by Co 11 . Coles Leters that he is [Nott] well plesed 
with Receiveing any [Instructions from y r honor threw My 
[hands and] I blive when you perruse his [Leters you] will be 
of my opinion & I Can ashure you when] I Wrote him Last 
Sumer [by y r honours orders] I Did itt with Great [Causion & 
Respect tho I find he has Taken itt amiss its True I Did Inform 
him that the Gineral thought his Last March Acounts very High 
& beg d of him] to Lesen the Expence [fer the futer if porable] 
w h I think I had in Charge [from your honour.] 

I Must therefere Requst the [feaver of you] what Ever 
orders you May have [to Send Co 11 ] Cole for the futer that you 
will [Write him] your Self as I Blive he thinks I [am Makeing] 
Myself two busey in his Depertment. 

I Sent to Co' 1 Cole one Barnay [Boner and Boner and] his 
Man two Gunsmiths by y r hon[ers orders] and thire touls fol- 
low' 3 them Last [Sumer tho] Co 11 Cole Complains they were 
Nott [arived] and I observe that Co 11 Cole has Nott [Made] 
any Charge in his acounts fer [thire Salery] w h was to be 
£100 Sters t?} anum So [that unless] your Honer will att thire 
pay to [M r Coles] abstract I Supose I must Louse y e . [Mony] 
as I am ingag d fer itt if y r honer [think itt] will be Regular to 
att thire pay [plese to order] itt into M r Whartons hands with 
[the Rest.] 

I have Received a Leter from [M r M c Kee a Copy] of w h I 
inclose you by w h [you will See what] a Noise the Murder & 
Scalping [the Ten Indians by] Stump & Servant [has Made to 
the Westwerd] I Raly begin [to fear the Consequence, the 
Dallaway & Shannas I know to be a proud & hasty pople Rash 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 129 

& Inconsideratt whare they aperehend themselves Insulted and 
thire is No prospect of] this Government [being able to give] 
them thet Satisfaction [w h Might] Convince them that this Mur- 
der [was Nott] Commited with Desine fer the [perbetraters] of 
itt is Nott Likely to be [brought] to Justus, and I fear it will 
[Nott be] a Small Expence that will Make them an attonment 
in presents. 

I Expect your honors orders very Soon [to go] to fort pitt 
and am att a Loss [how to] act, I am Sencable on this [ocation] 
if I am to Call y e Indians together [they] will bring as Great a 
Number as [they] posably Can unless they Determine [to] 
attend a Meeting of thire own which [they] Cartainly have in 
agitation & if that [Meeting] Takes place I fair Hostilitys will 
[be the] Consequences. 

the Expence of y r honors Depertment [att the Dif]erant posts 
has been So High [that I am] Determind to Make None on 
[my part Butt] Such as you & y e . Gineral [thinks absoulatly] 
Nesery & unavoidable [and Requst orders on] that Head by 
the [Return of this Express and Instructions fer My Conduct 
& in purticklor what I am to Do Should thire own meeting] 
Take place [before I gett to Fort pitt.] 

after I parted your honor [Last fall after our] Return from 
the New England [bath I Ingag d ] G: franklin Gov penn M r 
peters & [M r Gallaway &] others to Write to thire f rends in 
[England to] use thire Intrest with the Ministrey [to adopt] the 
Gineral boundry & Send y r honour [orders to] Confirm & 
Ratifye itt. w h they have [Don Lord] Shelburn agrees & See 
y e . utility of itt [So Dose Lord] Clair (with this objection that 
he Dose [nott know where] the mony will Come from to pay 
the [Expence as he] Says itt may Cost £100.000 p ds ) they 
[have hunted] all the offises & Cant find one Leter [from y r ] 
honor that Menshons one word [about itt.] Lord Shelburn 
Says had you Recommended [itt] in any of y r Leters that orders 
wold [have been] Sent you by the Decem br . packitt. Inclos d 
[I send] you abstracts of two Leters from old M r . [franklin] 


130 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to M r Gallaway & M r Tho. Wharton on [the Subject] Shurly 
M r Pownal Could Nott [have Supresst y r ] Leters I know he 
Neaver was [fond of the plan.] 

I am Sir with Great [Respect y r honors] Most [obedient & 
Most Humble Servant] 

[Geo: Crogan.] 
To the Hon ble [Sir William Johnson Barr'] 

[PS. I aply d to M r Peters & Requested he wold Consult 
Governor Penn & fix the Sume w h they preposed to pay] the 
Six Nations [for the Lands] which the Conistoga [Indians] 
Lived on when the Ware Murdred [as your] honor Desierd 
Butt have Nott [had any] answer on that Head therefore [I 
supose] they have or will write you [on] the Subject themselves. 

G: C: 
INDORSED: [Philadelphia March 1 st 1768 

M r Croghans Letter ^ Express rec d 13 th ] 
Ans' d 14* 1768 


A. L. S. 

[Schenectady, Mar. /, 1768] 

] has gained the 
[ Jectady. What 

] acknowledgment for the iminint [ Sir John] & Capt 
Johnson have performed towards [ ] En d2 . The Cause 

of the public the Cause of [ ] this Township unacknowl- 

edged by M r Schermerhorn 3 [ the event of this Elec- 

tion strictly dependant. We [ to assure you Hon d Sir 

that your espousal of our [ ] we sincerely beleive to be 

that of the public) will always [ ] minds the highest 

sense of the obligation, which we shall | ] our abilities do 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 The election of Jacobus Mynderse to the assembly. 
8 Ryer Schermerhorn, of Schenectady. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 131 

extend be on every occasion ready to testify [ ] to requit 

& remain 
Hon d Sir 
Your most obedient & very 
humble Servants 

Isaac Vrooman Daniel Campbell 

John Sanders Tobyus Ten Eyck 

Jacobus Mynderse Abraham Fonda 

Jacobus Van Slyck Necolaes van petten 

Gerret A Lansingh Harmanus Bradt 

Jn° B V Eps Samuel A. Ooth 

Joseph Yates Frereck Van Petten 


Hon d Sir 

Your most obedient & very 
humble Servants 


A. D. S. 

[ ]ved from M r . Wetherhead the sum of Eleven pounds 

[ ] shillings, for the Receiver General's fees on 

Jtificates of Michael Byrne & others, & John 
[Brackan]. New York 2 d March 1768. 

Crean Brush 

from thomas b. chandler 
A. L. S. 1 

Elizabeth-Town March 4 th . 1768 

Your most obliging Letter of Dec r . 5 th . with which You con- 
descended to honor me, came to hand about a Month after its 
Date ; and nothing can excuse my neglecting so long to acknowl- 
edge my Receipt of it, but the Impropriety of writing before I 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

132 Sir William Johnson Papers 

had seen your Letter to D r . Auchmuty, to which You was 
pleased to refer me. This Pleasure I was not able to obtain 
untill within a few Days, when I made a Visit to my Friends in 
New- York. 

I am unable to express the strong Obligations all the Friends 
of an American Episcopate are under, to so generous a Bene- 
factor — to so respectable and powerful a Patron of its Cause. 
Notwithstanding all the great Things You have done, in another 
Way, for this Country, I am fully persuaded that none of the 
Actions of your Life will render your Name more venerable and 
amiable to Posterity, than this Princely Donation. True Great- 
ness of Mind and Excellence of Character are more certainly 
discovered in substantial Acts of Generosity and Benevolence, 
than in the pompous and glittering Exploits of an Heroe and 

It gives me the utmost Pleasure to find that the Appeal meets 
with the Approbation of so good a Judge, and, while You so 
warmly espouse the Cause of an American Episcopate, that You 
are not dissatisfied with the Manner in which it has been de- 
fended in my Pamphlet. I have always been of Opinion that 
a cool and dispassionate Manner of treating any Subject, is the 
best — and I have always been of Opinion, that the most unex- 
ceptionable Manner of writing will not satisfy or solence an un- 
reasonable Party. In this latter Opinion I am likely to be con- 
firmed by fresh Evidence. 

A general Clamour and Combustion is now making by the 
Dissenters of the City of New-York and some of the Counties, 
in Order to prepare the Way for the ensuing Election. The 
Appeal is made the grand Engine of this Mischief, which is 
alledged as a Proof that a general Plot has been laid by the 
Church People to erect an Episcopal Tyranny in this Country, 
and to force from the Dissenters the Tithes of their Estates. And 
the Cry of no Bishops is sounded forth as loudly, by the Man- 
agers of the Party, as it ever was by their Predecessors in the 
Mother-Country. It is to no Purpose to deny the Charge, and 
to refer to the Appeal for the Proof of it; since the Body of the 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 133 

Dissenters are determined not to read it, and to believe as best 
suits the Turn. But, with all their Arts, they will probably fail 
in the Business of the Election. 

In Order to keep up this Spirit of Opposition to the Church, 
a general Attack upon the Appeal is projected, in which the 
ablest Hands are to be employed. A Pamphlet is already pub- 
lished against it in Philadelphia, which I have not yet seen — 
another is gone to the Press in Boston 1 — a third, I am told, is 
going forward in Connecticut — one is also said to be prepared 
in New York — and besides all this, I am threatened with a 
weekly Paper, the Publication of which will probably commence 
after the Election. I am not in the least terrified with these 
Threatenings. I think I can deal with all their Reasonings and 
Arguments; and as to their Railings &c, I am determined to 
give myself no Concern about what every innocent & honest Man 
ought to despise. When they begin to publish, I shall put out 
an Advertisement to the Public, assigning the Reasons for which 
I chuse not to engage in a weekly Altercation, but at the same 
Time giving Assurances, that when I see the Amount of the 
whole, not a single Argument shall escape me, and if I cannot 
shew its Weakness, I will confess its Force. In the Defence, I 
am resolved to maintain the same good Temper, with which I 
sat out in the Appeal. 

I ask Pardon for breaking in upon You with so lengthy an 
Epistle, and beg Leave to subscribe, with great Truth and 
Sincerity, Sir 

Your most respectful 
much obliged 

and very obedient Servant 

Thomas B. Chandler 
Sir W m . Johnson, Bar*. 
INDORSED: Elizabeth Town March 4 th . 1768 

Doctor Chandlers Letter rec d the 
6 ,!l June at Fishers Island. 

1 Dr Charles Chauncy, pastor of the First Church in Boston, was the 
author of a pamphlet in opposition to Dr Chandler's views. 

134 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5. 

Philad'. 4 lh . March 1768 

I have taken the liberty of writeing several [ 
you within these six months past and hav[ 
so fortunate as to be fav'd with an answer [ 
I Can no longer atribute to miscarriage of my [ 
the last I deliver'd to the particular Care [ 
person going your way, I am Extreamly Unhapy [ 
at a loss to Account for your long silence [ ]ing 

able to Charge myselfe with hav§. done [ jing 

to draw on me your displeasure 

I am fully sensible of the many favours 
]m your hands and always thought myselfe 
to have it in my power to make a return 
] to my Earnest desires, I Cannot at pres 1 
] the Cause of so great a Change towards me 
it proceeds from a missrepresentation of 
Character & Conduct — I dene any person 
to Charge me with Ingratitude or disresp*. 
any of your famely, on the Contrary it 
] ys my greatest pleasure to have it in 
to serve you & them since the first time 
the honour of your Acquaintance and 
I have always discharg'd the trust 
] faction, hav& never before 
] to meet with so much of 
Conduct which I would fain 

hope is not the Case being [ 

goodness on other Occasions as well [ 

I have always Endeav'd to Act on [ ] 

motives, which if I have been so unfortunate [ ] 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 135 

short off must hope for your future [ 
to inform me wherein I have offended [ 
pointed out to me may be the means of [ 
myselfe in such a manner as to regain you [ 

This I most Earnestly request [ 
the great reason to Exspect from your [ 
on all Occasions hitherto in serving the [ 
the more Emboldend to make this resquest [ 
readiness on many other Occasion to for [ 
offences, & much more so as I am at the [ 
loss Immaginable to know in what ma [ 
have offered, on the whole I shall Esteem it [ 
the greatest favours youl gratine me in [ 
request which shall always be Esteem'd and [ 
fav r Confer'd on 

Dear Sir 

Your Welwish r . 

& most oblig'd [ 

Fran [ ] 

Sir Will m . Johnson 


The Honble Sir W m . Johnson 

Barn 1 . 


Johnson Hall 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:38-53, is an account of Johnson's 
proceedings, March 4-12, at Johnson Hall, with Indians, including the 
Six Nations, Caghnawageys and the seven confederate nations of Canada 
and deputies sent by the Cherokees to conclude peace with northern 

136 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall, Mar. 5, 1768] 

[ 2 ] 

[ ] in hope by [ ] 

[ ] wrote you more fully 

[ coming in so fast ever since, that I 

vent]ure to write these few Lines and inclose your 
] for Meeting the Indians at Fort Pitt. There are 
] above 700 including 1 7 Chiefs from Canada, 
] I opened the Congress, from which I have reason 
] that the Peace will be well settled with the Cherokees & 
the Indi]ans sent home in a much better temper than they 
[ ] out. 

I have heard from & answered L* Gov r . Penn and 
] Galloway & Shewn them that £1300, is the Least can be 
given [ ] Indians here on behalf of the Province, which Sum 
would [ ] made but a Small figure had they not been called 
down [ j business, — Those Ind s . who are Inferior to & depend- 
ant [ ] Six Nations, would not undertake any publick Act 
] the privity & consent of the Majority particularly of 
[the Senec]as, who are not a little enraged at the Loss of the 
White [Mingo 3 . The] remainder you can Lay out to the best 
advantage [ Wharton as you desire he having goods at Fort 
Pitt, | J the Gov r . & Speaker that you sho d . dispose of the re- 
mains £1200 [ | for a present for the Tribes in [ 

] subject I w d . write you, as you will find in y r . Instructions 
them Gents who ought to be at Liberty to send Commis rs 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lines burned off. 

3 Kanaghoragait. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 137 

[ ] Indians to be particular in the Ceremonys 

[ ] acquaint them with 

[ '] 

with an Accot of the [ 
Majestys intire approbation of [ 
to Indian affairs I Last transmitted [ 
concerning the Boundary Line by next Pacquet. 

The Traders Petition wh[ 
with those before in my hands, I shall Ans[ 
present hurry is over. 

D/. 2 

[Johnson Hall, Mar. 5, 1768] 

[ *] 

[ ] bro 1 me y r fav r of 

[ ] the 22 d ulto. with the 

[ ] and also a Letter from Lord Shelburne 

] the receipt of my last with some remarks and 

] proposed for my Department which have been honored 

] Majesty's approbation, and his Lordship assures me that 

] receive by next Pacquet Instructions for settling the 

boundary to which end he directs me to give the Indians notice 

] they may be in readyness in the spring. The Nature of 
this boundary he has not Explained, that which was formerly 
desired [ ] mentioned to me by the Ministry was That 

measures should [ ] taken with the Consent & concurrence 

of the Indians to Ascertain a fixed boundary for the Lands to 
be reserved to them, & where no settlement whatever should be 
allowed, on this I sounded the Indians who agreed to it, and 
they were promised a Very handsome return for what they 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 In Guy Johnson's handwriting. 

138 Sir William Johnson Papers 

should give up to the Province [In] this Light the Matter has 
been hitherto understood, should it [ ] otherwise from 

his Lordship Letter to you I must beg to [ ] with the 

particulars Least on calling them together [ ] meet with 

an unexpected disappointment. 

[Amongst] the sev 1 . reports concerning Stump, one is that 

| rescued him have since enabled him to make his 

[ ] of that Government, these lawless men will 

] that at Last nothing but Military force 

[ ] Province has Voted £2500 for Condoling 

] committed therein part of which [ ] 

] Pennsylvania 

[ 1 

This [ ] 

whose request [ 

were so sullen that [ 

out of their head, they omitted per [forming 2 

when they came to answer me, a Circumstance [ 

trifling in appearance is nevertheless a well [ ] 

discontent and dissatisfaction by those acquaf ] 

However this day In consequence of a private [ 

their Chiefs to whom I spoke on that occasion [ 

and performed that Ceremony which they had [ ] 

I have forwarded your Pacquet for Ontario by [ 

that for Niagara, by another, both trusty hands [ ] 

One Express would not undertake it as Oswego is [ 

out of the Way as they are now obliged to travel. 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 They omitted the ceremony of taking the axe out of heads of the 
English. See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:40-41. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 139 


[Johnson Hall, Mar. 5, 1768] 

I 2 ] 

[ ] am glad to find [ m]any 

persons Gentlemen of that place [ ] Son in Law 

have been instrumental thereto [ ] upon that occasion. 

Any cause wherein the real interests of that Township 
rights of its Inhabitants is concerned shall [ 
meet with such countenance as I can give it, from my good 
] its prosperity. — 
] My Son and Son in Law, return you their best thanks 
] polite notice which you have taken of their conduct in 
] Election and I remain with much Esteem, 

Your most Obed'. humble Servt 


[Johnson Hall, Mar. 5, 1768] 

] Of December, or not, 
] accot of mine ag l that province 
] can add the £5 which I advanced the Farmers 
] are Still here, & Yesterday I opened the [congress 
with up] wards of 700 of the Six Nations & Some Chiefs from 
I believe that they will agree to a peace with the 
Southern [ ] I don't know as yet what to say as to our 

Affairs, as [ | mention of the Onondaga Chiefs declara- 

tions that the Delawares, &ca were as much against 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lines burned off. 

140 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the 6 Nations as the [ pie] 'tis' all a Sham invented to 

throw it off one Nation upon [ ] for these Inch are both 

dependant upon & much inferior [ Nations, and indeed 

the whole have been for some time past [ ] under the 

utmost discontent, and forming Plans for revenge [ j the 

late barbarous Murder of the Ten Indians in Pennsylvania 
] greatly encreased That Province has Voted £2500 
half of w'ch [ give] the Ind s . on the part of that Govern- 

ment after Condoling [ ] Losses, but I have reason to 

think that they are not to [ ] contented, nor can they be 

thoroughly persuaded that [ ] on their Lands, and the 

many late Murders would [ un] punished unless we had 

a Gen 1 , design agt their Lives & [ ] that every offender 

would not have escaped in a [ ] Laws and Government 

if it was the act of an [ ] good Laws are now passed 

in Pennsylvania & [ ] that he is doing all he can to appre- 

hend those [ ] I fear that the persons who [ 

protecting or concealing [ 

[ '] 


[New York Mar. 5, 1768] 

l ] 

] this Week 

] fresh packed which 

] for Cash which is £73 

| will I have likewise put on bourd him 

M r Collison have sent you 2 lb fine dutch 

for not having Sent it Sooner — all the 

on board Pemberton — Your Patents are not 

| three will be done this Week as I got the Warrants 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 141 

] fryday last from the Governor, they have nothing 
| finish them as expeditiously as they Can & as Mr Kempe 
| thing else to do & is a very industrious Man there will be 
] but at All the other publick offices they are a pack of 
] or else they delay in order to pick your Pockets of 
] Money — I have paid £1 1 . 12 for the 2 Warrants 
which I [ ] for Im since imagining it was an Imposition, 

but [ ] it was generally allowed, I thought it woud be 

best to pay it [ ] a good deal Surprisd M r Roberts does 

not pay me, I have [ ] depended upon your Letters, 

which I mentiond to you [ ] shoud be glad you woud 

be pleasd to write the Generale [ ] necessary, in order 

that Roberts may be moved to pay [ ] in this to you 

with great Freedom, because I am Sure | ] take it amiss — 

[ ] been & still am anxious to hear from you having heard 

] violent Attack of your Disorder, I flatter, 
[ ] well again, which I assure you is the sincere 

[ ] Your most obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


the Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 
by Capt Pemberton 

Df. 1 
[Johnson Hall, March 5, 1768] 


Jledging the receipt 

] of the 18 th ult°. I am 

] have so happily extricated yourself out of 

| which your Losses in Trade had involved you 

1 In Guy Johnson's handwriting. 

2 Lines burned off. 

142 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] that within the Time alloted you will be able 
] advantagious returns from your Indian Trade 
] Have been advised by M r Galloway, & since by the Gov r 
] which was Voted for Condoling with the Indians & 
]ing them to your province, on this Subject I answered both 
] Gentlemen and observed that £1300 was the least 
which could [ ] in a present this Way as the Tribes in 

your Quarter are much [infer] ior in Numbers and Importance to 
the six Nations on whom they [ ] dependant, and without 

whose advice they will not undertake [ publick act 

against your Frontiers particularly without that [ ] 

Senecas, who have lost some of their Nation in the late bloody 
] are proud, resentfull, Lukewarm to us and have been 
considered | ] Chief cause of the late Indian War. — 

] provided the present, and now send Instructions to 
[Mr Croghan] respecting his condolance at Fort Pitt and direct- 
ing [ ] the remain? £1200, in a present for that purpose 
] as to leave it in his power to take up these Goods 
] less he will, & I have ment d . it in my Leter seeing 
you have a Cargo, at that [ ob]liged to you fo 
your offers of Negotiating the [ ] time was so shor 
Great part of the [ ] obliged to take the present up on 
my own Credit [ ] the commiss rs . [ 


that [ 

of my represen [ 
will send me this [ 

Yesterday I opened [the congress? 
and more are coming in, I am hopeful [ 
much desired by the Cherokees, & also to [ 
undertaking any thing rash in consequence [ 
Cruelty, by a proper disposition of the pres[ 
your Province, and the Steps I shall take to [ 
Conduct and sentiments in the most advantag[ 

Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 143 

and I think it Lucky that the [ 

to be here to meet the Cherokee Deputys, for [ ] 

down on purpose on the Province accot £1300 [ 

Little figure or impression on them. 

A. L. S. 2 

Williamsburg March I0 l K 1768. 
Sir William 

Yesterday I received your Letter of Jan?. 8 th . to our late 
worthy Lieutenant Governor 3 (who departed this Life the 2 d . 
Instant) which I laid before the Council this day who advised 
me to lay it together with General Gage's Letter, before our 
Assembly who are to meet on Thursday the 3 1 st . Instant for their 
Consideration of what we can do to disposses these bold opposers 
of the Kings Proclamation and all Orders of Government here 
in consequence thereof, I am likewise to send you a Power under 
our Seal as you desire, desired to transact with the Indians under 
your Department at the General Congress to be held this Sum- 
mer of all the Matters of their Complaints, and we desire you 
will assure them that this Government are resolved to keep the 
Chain of Freindship with them ever bright, and to do them strict 
Justice to the utmost of our power in punishing their unjust 
Offenders when they can be apprehended and duely convicted 
of their Offence. 

I am likewise to acquaint you that I have just received a 
Letter from Lord Shelburne with his Majesty's Orders to run 
the Boundary Line between us and the Indian hunting Grounds, 
of which Letter I now inclose you a true Copy, as it was read in 
Council today. You will perceive that we are directed to ap- 

1 President of the council and commander-in-chief of Virginia. 

2 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

3 Francis Fauquier, lieutenant-governor of Virginia, 1 758-68, died in 
March, 1768. 

144 Sir William Johnson Papers 

point Commissioners and no doubt Surveyors & c . for that 
Service, in conjunction with your Self and M r . Stewart Superin- 
tendent of Indian Affairs in the Southern Department, to whom 
I send another Copy of his Lordships Letter on this Occasion 
that you may consider together of a proper time for this Service 
which requires all possible dispatch. We think too (if you 
approve of it) it may be necessary that you bring some of the 
head Men of the Indians concerned to Witness the Just Perform- 
ance. Upon timely notice of your determination we will be 
ready with our Commissioners & c . to go upon the Service; but 
we are under a great difficulty how rightly to understand his 
Majesty's Orders, As to our begining at Col°. Chiswell s Lead 
Mines there is no difficulty; but as Pensylvania runs consider- 
ably more Westward than Maryland does, we are at great 
uncertainty where to End our Line, nor do we know what Course 
it will be ; but the Point for Ending it being known, we must set 
off by guess and by two or more Lines without marking, compute 
the true Course and then begin again and run and mark the true 
Course so found. 

I am Sir 

Your most Obedient 
humble Servant 

John Blair 

P. S. 

perhaps you can clear up 
our doubt where to End our Line 
which we hope is at the South 
West Corner of Pensylvania. 


[Schenectady, 10] March 1768 
[ ]SlR 

The Gentlemen & Traders of this Town is so Good as to tell 
me The will Write to New York to General Gage To Supply 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 145 

them With Carriages and keep the Sluices in good Order at Fort 
Stanwix as the have been Detained very Lately Much in there 
Passages Backwards & forwards Sqire Camble & M r Farrel 
in Perticular, As M r Farrels Father is In New York and Know 
him to be a good friend of mine he will do to the Utmost of his 
Power for me 


if you will be so Good as to Give me a 
few Lines to General Gage I think You will Make me a man 
] more as Long as I Live [ ] God sake Help 

me with a few Lines [ ] General Gage Knows me Very 

Well [ ] will not be Backward with [ ] be so 

kind it 

[ '] 

A. L. S. 

CoghnaWago Mar 12 th 1768 
Hon d S r . 

Have an inclination to Sell my Land or part of Lot number 
one — There is two or three men has a mind to buy Sum part 
of my Shere — But I Dont chuse To do it without Giving You 
the first offer of it — for it Lays Verry Convainunt for You 
And if You woul chuse to purches all my Part I would Let it 
go to You Sheaper of [ ] hundred pounds then to any 

one Else hope Youl Answer me with the Bearer 

I am And Remain Your 
Humble Serv*. 
Abraham Van Eps 


The Honrable S r . William Johnson 
Johnson Hall 

1 Lines burned off. 

146 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:35-36, is a letter of March 12th 
from the Earl of Hillsborough on the boundary line, affairs in Johnson's 
department that are to be arranged, Chabert Joncaire's treacherous be- 
havior, Rogers' bad conduct, and a map whereon is delineated the boundary 
proposed by the board of trade. This map is shown in a copy opposite 
to p. 30 of the above-named volume. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York March 1 3 ih 1768 
Dear Sir, 

I have been favored with your Letters of the /8 th : and 28^: 
Feb 1 "? and 5 th : of March. It's said, but by what authority I 
can't tell except the Agent of this Province who writes it, that 
the Appointment of the new Government is for the present laid 

The Money you desire will be paid Lieu f . Roberts and Man- 
aged in the Manner you point out to me. Captain Maturin had 
the Voucher for the Sum paid at Fort Pitt, and has transcribed 
the same to you by the hands of M r . Croghan. 

With respect to the Reasons given by the Traders for discharg- 
ing Major Roger's Draughts, I can't admit them to be valid, 
No man will give Money or Goods for Bills unless he thinks, 
or is made to believe, that the Person who draws them is em- 
powered so to do, and the Same Reason may be given for 
Paying the Bills drawn by every Commander or Commissary at 
any of the Posts, who shall be wicked enough to defraud the 
Government, and such an Example would encourage all the 
Traders to advance them, to an unlimited Credit. 

Your Letter of 28 th . Feb r >\ only acknowledges the Receipt of 
the Letters sent you by Express from hence. 

I now come to your Letter of the 5 th . of March and that you 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 147 

may be exactly informed of what Lord Shelburne wrote to me 
concerning the Boundary I transmit you an Extract from his 
Letter relating thereto. His Lordship says the running of a 
Boundary Line between the Several Provinces which have not 
yet compleated it, and the Indian hunting Grounds. From hence 
I have concluded that those Provinces who have not yet done it, 
should do it in the same Manner as those who have compleated 
it. Georgia, South and North Carolina, are the only Provinces 
who have yet fixed their Boundarys, but I have not heared of any 
Gratuity given by the Crown to the Indians for any Tracts they 
may have yielded at the Settling of said Boundarys. Nor do I 
imagine that the Crown means any more should be done in this 
respect, when the other provinces who have hitherto neglected it 
shall fix their Several Boundarys. But that certain Limits should 
be fixed by Mutual agreement. I understand that the Indians 
allow the Province of Pensylvania to extend some Miles West 
of the Ohio, but The Lands between the furthermost Settlements 
and the Ohio being yet unpurchased, they are not to be Settled 
till they are purchased Now if all the Lands still unpurchased 
within the Limits allowed by the Indians to belong to Pensyl- 
vania are to be purchased, The Quere is, who is to pay for them 
at the settling of the Boundary? If the Crown admits M r . 
Penn's Claim, it is not reasonable to suppose she will make the 
Purchase and make M r . Penn a Present of the Lands, and M r . 
Penn as far as I have heared, but it's only Hearsay, never 
designed more than to purchase those Lands by Degrees, as fast 
as he should find means of Settling them. And as for the other 
Provinces it was much in the same way. Particulars petitioned 
to purchase Lands of the Indians tho' within the allowed Limits 
of the Provinces. Private People always became the Pur- 
chasers, I know no Instance except at first settling of a Province, 
where the Crown has purchased any large Tracts. And I 
always conceived the Intent of the general Boundary was, that 
the Indians were to fix the Point to which they allowed the Juris- 
diction of each Province to extend, beyond which, they would 

148 Sir William Johnson Papers 

not suffer any Purchases to be made, but reserve all beyond it to 
themselves and Posterity. That the unpurchased Lands within 
the Limits were to remain unsettled as their Property till they 
should be purchased and to be sold by them as People should 
purchase them. 

I only give you the Ideas I had formed of the Intention in 
drawing these Boundary Lines. If you have received Accounts 
more clear and explicit, whereby the Crown intended to pur- 
chase at once all the unpurchased Lands belonging to the 
Indians to the Points that shall be agreed upon, as the Limits of 
the Several Provinces, you must certainly be right in your Con- 
jectures on this Subject. 

I have heared nothing Since my last worth Communicating. 
There are Letters lately arrived at Philadelphia from Fort Pitt, 
but I hear of Nothing Material from thence. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir W m . Johnson Bar 1 . 

INDORSED: New York March 13 th . 1768 

General Gages Letter 

A. L. S. 

Albany 13 March 1768 


On Receipt of your Letter of the first Inst which I received on 
the 4 ,h of the same I immediately applied to Capt Schylor 
D Q M Gen for six Wag as I cou'd spare six Load of Pro- 
visions since which time no Wag s he has sent to me he says they 
cou'd not be got I have also wrote presingly to York for more 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 149 

provisions as we have but little heord I am with Profound 
Respect Sir 

Most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

Draper S n Wood 
D Commissary 

Corny of Provisions 

Z)/. 1 
[Johnson Hall March 14, 1768] 

i 2 ] 

[ ] pleasure of writing to you 

[ ] of the Indians with whom I have 

] maters, I shall as soon as I get rid of them all 
inclose you the principal parts [ ] proceedings from 

which You will See that they have [been thorough] ly discon- 
tented, and I heartily wish that they may [ thoroughly satis- 
fied. — 

What I had formerly said to them as well my private | 
after their last arrival has induced them to agree to [a pea]ce 
with the Cherokees & they have Subscribed to an | ] ment 

on parchment to be deposited with me as a Testimony | 
after having gone thro' all their own Forms on that [ ] on. 

The number of the Ind s . present was 760, besides which | 
have come here Since amongst whom were some of the | ] ns 

of those lately murdered in Pennsylvania the news of 
reached the 6 Nations on their way to this place, and had very 
nigh [ ] them to return home on this occasion I condoled 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lines burned off. 

150 Sir William Johnson Papers 

with them [ ] behalf of the publick in general & after- 

wards on that of [ ]vania in particular, and having 

informed them of the Laws they had [ that Province 

for removing encroachments and of the other Steps 
taking for their redress, I at last brought them to be better 

] tho' I apprehend they are not fully satisfied in their 
Minds [ ] the last Murder will be an Introduction to what 

] suggested, especially as they had heard of the Rescue 

[ ] 

] Joined to those I held in public 
[ ] to the present [ 

[ '] 

&ca since [ 

Six Nations [ ] 

on Ohio [ ] I took care to [ ] 

Light to them, — 

I have been So hurried [ 
with their many demands, discourses &ca [ 
that I have only time at present to add that | 

Df. 2 

[Johnson Hall, Mar. 1, [14?] 1768] 

l ] 

| since my last to 
] congress being now ended I Judge 
] a few Lines on that Subject, tho' the 
] trouble which they give previous to their 
| and the necessary pacquets which must be prepared 
] delay will not permit me to be particular. 
The Northern Indians have at Length given peace to the 
Cherokees ]pied Some days of the Congress, the re- 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


mainder was spent [ pub] lick and private Conferences and 

in condoling with them [ ] reconciling them to the Late 

Murders &ca committed in [Pen]sylvania My public Trans- 
actions & private discourses [ ] their Chiefs have at 
Length produced as good an effect as [ ] had any reason 
to hope for, and I believe that they will take [no] rash 
Steps in Consequence thereof provided care is taken [ 
to remove any remaining Grievances and prevent [ ] like 
for the time to come, otherwise their engagements cannot 
| on. As the Spirit of resentment will take fire with 
the | | it receives hereafter from the discontent they dis- 
covered [ ] the late Act of Cruelty, Such deeds tho' they 
may being seldom forgotten by persons of their 


Worst things [ 

present [ 


dis] position who at bottom apprehend the 

] with some difficulty (considering my 

] an Extract to L* Gov r Penn, of the 

Transactions relative to the affairs 

] him for £1300 — the 

] best manner 


A. L. S. 

[New York, March 14, 1768] 


] M r Roberts tells Me he has 


| power to get your 2 Patents 

| but in Vain, the Drafts were immediately 

] attorney Generates Clerk, but it Seems Mr Duane 

] to transact all kinds of Business of this sort by 

before the patents are engrossed, there is to be a 


nes burne 

d off. 

152 Sir William Johnson Papers 

| Copy from Duane that they are just & right, but Mr 

| has been so very busy from Monday to fryday Night 
here [ ] the Election that He has not had an Opportunity 

of examing [ ] drafts over till Saturday & that is the Sole 

Cause of his | ] which I hope you will excuse, for I am 

really uneasy least [ ] shoud imagine the Delay is owing 

to Some Negligence in our [ ] which I assure you upon my 

Honor is not the Case ; but is wholly [ ] ing to Mr Duane's 

not examing the Dfts of the Patents before [I believe] tha it 
will be the best way for me to putt them in a little Box 

send] them by Pemberton or Van Allen who both sail 
this Week for [ ] great Seal is to be put to them, they 

will be too bulky for [ ] press to take up — 

We have hed the Strangest piece of work with Our Election 

] knew — I Suppose you have heard that Scott was a 
Candidate [ ] by the Whole presbyterian Party, the 

Seceeders, 1 & the [ ] Dutch English Scotch partys 

Assisted by his 2 Brothers [ ] Smith 2 & Livingston, 3 with 

all their Influence; Every lowlive [ ] scheme was made 

use of in Scotts favour when everything [ ] in an alarm 

that there was an Intention of [ ] that Scott & nobody 

but him coud prevent it, his [ ] the End they proposed, 

that it Spirited the [ ] them their Disapointment in 

| other Schemes full as imprope 
[ ] enemies but [ 


by [ 

from a Dangerous [ 

Influence which I am pretty con [ 

In Short the Lawyers are nonsuited [ 

egregiously outwitted themselves & may | 

1 A sect of the Presbyterian Church. 

2 William Smith. 

3 William Livingston. 

4 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 153 

Same Opposition & Spirit against them ; I dont [ 
the people in generale look as if they had got into [ ] 

or rather, as if they had got quit of Fetters, by which they [ 
Chaind down by fear of opposing any Schemes which those [ 
bears, Mess Smith, Scott & Livingston, took it into their 
Heads [ ] Through in this City; On the Other Hand 

you cant conceive th[ ] in the Countenances of them- 

selves & their party, they hang th [ ] confounded & 

ashamed & I hope, nay I am pretty confident [ ] 

reputable part of the People here, will Very Soon associate 
them in their present humiliating Circumstances — 

I have at last met with a Negro Wench who will [ 
Suit you very well, but £70 is the price of her, her Child [ 
is x with, if you are willing to give So much [ ] 

you woud let me know by return of the post; She Can Cook 
] Any kind of House Work & has really a very good 
Charac [ ] Can find deserves it well ; the Sole Reason her 

Master [ | is because she breeds too fast — 

My Wife joins me in best Respects to you [ ] 

I shall be Glad to receive your Agreable Commands [ 
Truth — 

Sir Your most Obed 1 

John [Wetherhead] 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 390, is listed a letter of March 14th to 
the Earl of Shelburne, expressing gratification at the King's approval, 
relating the murder of 1 Indians in Pennsylvania and treating the subject 
of Indian relations and the projected boundary (printed in Doc. Rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:36-38). Much injured by fire. On the same page 
is a letter of the I 4th to the lords of trade, reporting the murder of 1 
Indians by an inhabitant of Pennsylvania, the congress with 760 Indians, 
the peace between the Six Nations and Cherokees and steps toward fixing 
a boundary between Indians and settlements (printed in Doc. Rel. to Col. 
Hist. N. Y., 8:53-54). Injured by fire. 

1 Illegible. 

154 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. 

[ ] 5 [h Marc]h 1768 of M r . John Wetherhead the Sum 

[ ] due to John Tabor Kempe Esq r „ as 

[attorney general 1 ] of New York for a Draft of Letters [Patent 

to John Brackan for 280 acres of 1 ] Land in the County of 


[ ] 


A. D. 

[ 15 th March 1768] of M r . John Wetherhead the Sum 

[of £54] Fees due to John [Tabor Kempe 



[Johnson Hall, March 15, 1768] 

I have had the Congress 
| and I have the pleasure to 
| the pains I took amongst the Indians 
| has produced a more favorable disposition in 
| than before, which is as Much as I could possibly 
to remove their discontent totally when we consider 
| Nature & Number of their Grievances was more than 
could | | done, nor cant it be expected 'till they Experi- 

ence the change in us, — I inclose you that part of the proceed- 
ings which relates to the affair in your Province the rest containing 

1 Words supplied from the Johnson Calendar. 

2 The patent was to Michael Byrne and 1 7 others for 1 8000 acres of 

3 In Guy Johnson's handwriting. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 155 

proceedings on behalf of ihe Cherokees having no 
Connection [ ] it. — 

The disagreeable news of the late Murder reached the 
Nations on their way hither as well as that the Mur- 
derers had ] rescued, which had Like to have occa- 
sioned them to return [ ] on their arrival their discontent 
was but too Visible, and [ ] affair was considered by 
them as an Introduction to something [ ] which their 
Natural Jealousy has long caused them to [ ] but the 
pains I took in private with the Chiefs to whom [ ] ned the 
Acts lately passed by the Province & the Steps [ 

] where taking for the future prevention of Murders 

] together with the Light in which I placed the 

| Province, produced as good an effect as I 

] and brought them in the end to a 

] I am hopefull they 


The Number [ 

besides which 70 [ 

to the deceased, these [ 

laid out the Sum intended in such pres [ 

their Wants it has proved a very agreable [ 

I now draw on you in favor of 
the Ammount being 2 and Suppose that [ 

this time enabled to proceed to Fort Pitt agreable [ 
I have sent him to treat with the Ind s . in that Qu[arter 
to put a period to that disagreable business which [ 
to the utmost of my power & Influence to conclude [ 
manner for the peace of the province. — 

I am so hurried at this time in sending of the Cherokee 
Delegates by the way of Fort Pitt & [ 

large Number of the Six Nation & Canada In[dians who 
are to escort them Home, that I have only 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 Blank space. 

156 Sir William Johnson Papers 

You of my readiness to Serve Your Family [ ] 

& that I am, Sir & ca. 

PS. A Gentleman from Connecticut [ 
with me yesterday, told me that that [ ] 

determined to Send an Agent Home [ ] 

Sollicit the Susquahana Affair. 


L. S. 1 

Quebec !6 ih . March 1768. 

I thought it needless to trouble You with an Answer to your 
Letter of 21st May last, untill I could transmit the Sentiments 
of the trading People of this Province upon your Regulations for 
the Indian Trade, which for that Purpose had been Communi- 
cated to them, the very instant they came to my Hand; it was 
some Time before I received the Observations thereupon, which 
are herewith inclosed, 2 and tho' they contain some improper Ex- 
pressions, which I by no Means approve, yet I thought it more 
expedient to convey the same in their own Words, that you 
might the better Judge of the Arguments used by themselves — 

The Point, they seem principally to rest upon, is the Re- 
straint of trading at the Forts, and 'tis indeed the very general 
Opinion of all those I have conversed with that the Trade to the 
Upper Country must inevitably be ruined, if that Regulation be 
continued ; it is confidently Asserted, the number of Canoes, to be 
sent up this Year will fall very short of what was usual in former 
ones, and are likely still to decrease, so that probably in a short 
Time, that valuable Branch of Commerce will dwindle to 
Nothing — 

1 In Burton Historical Collection, Detroit, Mich. ; collected and pub- 
lished by C. M. Burton. 

2 Dated January 15, 1768. Destroyed by fire in Capitol. See 
extract from Johnson Calendar. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 157 

The People here are also very desirous as you will observe 
by the annexed Petition, that the Vending of Spirits to the 
Savages, Destructive of their Species, as well as of the Trade 
itself, should be restricted within the most moderate Bounds; 
And herein I am perfectly disposed to concur with the neighbour- 
ing Provinces, in every Measure, You may Point out as neces- 
sary to bring about so desirable an end, as agreeable to natural 
Justice, with Respect to the Savages, to whom this Trade is 
destructive, as it is to the Common Interests of the Colonies, for 
the Preservation of the Peace and general Tranquility of the 
Country, as well as of the very Trade itself — 

In Justice however to the Merchants and People concerned 
in the Trade of this Province, I am to assure you, that I never 
heard one of them cast the least Reflection upon You, or speak 
of you otherwise, than in terms of the greatest Deference and 
Regard; they readily believe those Regulations have been made 
with the best Views to serve the Public, but they are Confident 
the End proposed thereby has not been answered, and therefore 
Request, as all Human Institutions savours of Imperfections, this, 
which was intended for a Benefit, may be carefully revised, and 
that if experience, of which they consider themselves as the Ex- 
amples, Demonstrates the same to be erroneous, that they may be 
rectified and amended — 

With Respect to the Canadians, when I make use of that 
Appellation, it is entirely confined to those who inhabit the 
present Limits of the Province and in no Shape regards those, 
who, encouraged by the French Government, have settled at 
Detroit, the Illinois, or other Places, for the Sake of Colonisa- 
tion, and by the Peace are become the King's Subjects; — or 
those extra Provincials, who have expatriated themselves, to give 
a Loose to their own vitious Inclinations, against whom from 
Time to Time very severe Ordinances have been issued by the 
French Governors and Intendants, proscribing them as a 
Nuisance to Society, and Directing them to be seized and im- 
prisoned, wherever met with, and of this Class, are the Bandits 

158 Sir William Johnson Papers 

whose Names you transmited to the Commander in Chief, at 
least, as I am here credibly informed ; That loose and disorderly 
persons, like these, may prove the Authors of Mischief, I no 
ways doubt, but living without the Bounds of my Jurisdiction, 
it cannot lie with me to Remedy the Abuse Should any actually 
belonging to this Province seek to excite Troubles, or to promote 
Confusion, Upon proper and well authenticated Proofs of such 
evil Intention, every legal Method shall be employed, whoever 
they are or may be, to bring them to condign Punishment, in 
order to deter others from treading in the same Steps — 

Before I leave this subject, I must further assure you, that as 
I never heard Sir William Johnson's name used, but where some 
Mention has been made of his Services to the State, You may 
rest Satisfied, that in whatever I have had Ocassion to write 
thereupon to the King's other Servants, or Yourself, my sole 
View has been to promote this Service and the public Welfare; 
I thought it a Duty incumbent upon me to point out a Mistake, 
at least as it appeared to me, which bears hard upon that Part 
of the King's Subjects commited to my Charge ; after all the best 
and wisest of Ministers have erred, and Points that wear the 
fairest Appearance in Speculation, when reduced into Practice, 
are found inconvenient, To the aforementioned Motives, I am 
therefore persuaded, You will only impute whatever I have said 
or done here in, and not to any want of that perfect Regard and 
Esteem for Yourself, with which I ever am 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

Guy Carlton 

Honble. Sir Will m Johnson Bar 1 . 
Supert. for Indian affairs etc. 

INDORSED : Quebec 1 6 th March 1 768 
From L l Gov. Carlton 
with an inclosure 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 159 

A. L. S. 

[16th] March 1768 


] Accompany Bill 
] send you what remains 
| who will Sail in 2 or 3 days from 
] one or both of the Patents, if I can but get 
] carried the Certificates to M r Banyar yesterday 
] at Home, shall call upon him today in order to 
] his Clerks to finish the Engrossing as speedily as 
] the mean Time I take the Liberty to Send you the Enclosd 
] I have already paid — the Surveyor Generale has not 
] with his Account, nor indeed I have not Seen him Since 
] as Soon as it appears I shall pay as likewise all the Rest 
] is but One Person in the City can make the Letter Press 
& he [ ] has been Sick in bed for these 2 Months past, but 

is now better [ ] he will do yours the first Thing he shall 

undertake, So that [ ] Send it you next Week — For the 

Mean Time you will give [ ] to Subscribe myself with 

great Sincerity & Truth 

Sir Your most Obed Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

[ ] shall be punctually & 

] you will do me the pleasure to Send — Pray Sir 
William have you No more [ ] & ca . 

Johnson B l 

1 Lines burned off. 

160 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[March 16, 



£113. 3.1 


] board Captain Pemberton's Sloop, except the Wax 
which [ ] to the Care of Richard Cartwright [ 

will bee Sent by the Next Sloop the Man I was to have it from 


[New York 17th] March 1768 

] a little 

] I have 

] you ordered me to 

The Account of which you have 

| which you will be so Kind as Give me 

| Now I have nothing further to send except 

all of Muscovedo Sugar, which as yet I cannot 

| with to my Satisfaction, all I have Seen in Town 

| horrid bad, I dont think it worth the Carriage 

] I can purchase any tor'orable good I will not fail 

| Send it you — Inthemean Time shall be happy 

Matter burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 161 



your further Commands & in the Mean time 



remain most Sincerely 

Sir Your most Obed Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


] Oyl 5/ £1.12 

1 4 
] whiting 6 

£2. 2 


the Honorable Sir William Johnson B' 

Johnson Hall 
P Capt Pemberton 
with a Jugg of Oyl & 
a Kegg of whiting 

INDORSED: [ ]th 1768 

[ ] heads Letter 


L. S. 

[Philada. March 18, 1768] 

] was favoured with your Letter 
]ng your Instructions to proceed to Fort Pitt, 
] Letters I have received from Thomas 
McKee & ?] his Son, — no Time Ought to be lost, before I 
arrive [ ] shall therefore this Day leave this Place. 

] your Instructions I waited on Governor Penn and 
]al Commissioners and strongly urged the Propriety of 
] Commissioners, to represent the Province at the Trea- 
I am informed by the Speaker, That the Gentlemen 
] named by the General assembly, for that Service 
]rday, and chose rather to submit the whole affair 



162 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] ducting this Conference your Honour may be as- 

] that I shall in every Respect, pay the strictest Atten- 

]ur Instructions and use my utmost address, for 

] his Majesty's Interest; — as well as placing the 

] this Province, in the most advantageous Light. 

] least Doubt, But as so many Indians have 

] Congress was opened, — You will be able 

] entirely to your Satisfaction and 

] chiefs were arrived from Canada; — 

] Y r advice, back the Mohocks, 

] the six Nations for the Good 


] Shawanese and 


t gives me great Pleasure [ 

rom Lord Shelburne, To the Representatives [ 


A. L. S. 

[New York March 19, 1768} 


The inclosed (from Col°. Massy) Is Just Come to 
hand, from Cape fare, Capt n Eaton in a Schooner from 
Dublin being obliged to put in there in Great distress 
] left Dublin the 1 th . Nov r . Was Eight weeks on this Coast 
during their Distress & want of provision I am 
told] the Lives of the Whole Crue was preserved by a hh^ 
] Beans, which I supose are the Beans Col°. Massy Mentions 
my letter for you the Capt n . is Expected in from the 
Every day and should it be otherwise than Above 
| write you the first opportunity, Believe he 
| for Dublin in about five Weeks, and Shod you | 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 163 

com]mands for Col°. Mass'y. it wo d give me a pleasure 

[ ] 

I am Sir 

Your Most Obd 1 . Hum ble . Serv 1 . 

William Lupton 


A. L. S. 

[Albany, March 21, 1768] 

] the Bills of Cap 1 . Rogers are 
] Suppose will be included in Your 
] therefore must beg the favour of you, with a 
] as wee are greatly Distress^, for Some Money 
] on our Departure for Michelmakina and 
] glad if our Bill could be Settled before wee Lieve 
] will be About the first week in April, when wee 
] waite on You for your Commands on our way up 
Wee Remain with Esteem Your Most Obidie [ 
Humble Servants 

Cornelius Glen 
A C Cuyler 

]the you Last 

] to promise 
] M r . Gerrit Van Santie 

] In Lue of two 
] Cap n . Claus which 
] r Memory Should 
] will please to 
] Oppy. for 
] Occasion 
] idge me 

164 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Stratford, N. E. Mar 21. 1768 

It was a long time after the Date of your very obliging Letter 
of Dec r . 1 . before I received it : upon which, I immediately wrote 
your unhappy Case to D r . Hull, (as he is here called,) from 
whom I have had no reply, till this week, his Son was here, who 
tells me his Father has ever since been unable to write, by reason 
of a long disorder in his Eyes, but by him he assures me your 
Complaint is of the same Nature with that he has been used to 
Cure. M r . Kilby when he was as here had the like Disorder, & 
was at length, after all other means failed, to his great surprize 
cured by this uncouth old man. — I hope you will find your self 
cured by D r . Magra's means; if not, perhaps it may be worth 
the while to try this man. I pray God you may find some 
effectual Releif from that tormenting Disease ! 

D r . Gale is vastly obliged to you for your kind Letter relating 
to the Medicine he inquired after, which I conclude he has before 
now very gratefully acknowledged. — M r . Nichols also desires 
me to express his humble thanks for your inquiry about his 

I am very glad you so well approve of D r . Chandler's per- 
formance, which, one would think no reasonable man could find 
much fault with: It is however most furiously & venemously 
attacked in parker's paper, by some who hope to gain their point 
by meer dint of Clamour. — I hope however D r . Chandler's good 
Sense & good Nature will finally gain the victory over Madness 
& Malice; especially under the powerful patronage of S r . 
William Johnson. — 

The Clergy & every good Churchman are under inexpressible 
Obligations to you for pleading our Cause with the Secretary of 
State, (in which I humble hope you will persevere,) & especially, 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 165 

for the truly generous & noble Donation you propose & offer by 
D r . Auchmuty. — May God Almighty abundantly reward it 
with his choicest Blessings both on you & your's! — I humbly 
beg your candid Acceptance of a little English Grammar & a 
couple of plain Sermons I lately published. And with my hearty 
& thankful Complements to S r . John, I remain, S r . 
with the greatest Esteem & Gratitude, 
your most obliged & 

most obedient humble Servant 

Sa. Johnson 

To the Hon bIe . S R . WlLLIAM JOHNSON. 

P. S. A worthy young Clergyman who was Chaplain to the 
Regiment at Cape Britton, has been with me, who travelled 
round by Quebec & Montreal & down thro' the Country by 
Lake George. He says the Condition of multitudes in all those 
large Countries is deploreable for want of Clergymen & a Bp to 
preside & take Care of the Affairs of Religion. — I wish to 
Heaven it may be possible for you to influence the new Secretary 
of State & Lords of Trade &c. that might induce the Governm'. 
to provide for the Interest of Religion in all those parts, where a 
Bp might be introduced with the least Clamour: who however, 
I imagine would be best situated for the whole, near you at 
Albany or Schenectady. 

INDORSED : Stratford March 2 1 st 1 768 
Doctor Sam 1 Johnsons 

A. L. S. 1 


I take the earliest opertunity (by this Express) of acknowl- 
edging the receipt of your favour of the 4 th . Ult°. together w ,h the 

1 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 100, London, 

166 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Several letters accompanying it, all of which I have forwarded 
by Post & ca . 

I was a perfect Stranger to M r . Magra having never seen him 
before he called at my house, when he told me that he was 
oblidged to leave York with y e . greatest Expedition to avoid being 
arrested for Debt, and that he did not know where to go out of the 
Way of Danger, unless to some of the Posts, upon w ch . I told him 
there were then Ind s . at my House who would for a Small 
Matter conduct him to Osswego, or Niagra. he chose the latter, 
as he said he was acquainted w th . Cap 1 . Mac Leod, so left this. 
of late I find the Genr 1 . has been informed of Something, which 
has induced him I believe to send some directions concerning 
him to You. — I must request the favour of y r . sending the 
Express back as soon as you conveniently can. 

I enclose You the last Philadelphia paper for y r . amusement, 
the X br . Mail is arrived & brings little or no news, I am so hurried 
by Numbers of Indians ab'. me, and 4 different Expresses to 
dispatch that I have only time to assure You of my good 

& that I am truely 

Your verry Humble Serv' 

W Johnson 

Cap t - John Brown — 

INDORSED: Le r from Sir 

Wm Johnson no date 
rec d 26 March 1 768 
Ans d 28th 
Relative to a Magra — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 167 

A. L. Sr 

Johnson Hall March 23 d . 1768 

Yesterday a Seneca Indian, (who accompanied that unac- 
countable Man Magra as far as Conajohare where he gave him 
the slip) delivered me y r favour of the 1 7 th . Ulto, on asking him 
y e reason of his being so long by the way, answered it was 
Magras fault, that they could with great difficulty get him along. 

I sent you a pacquet of letters by one Johnston the beginning 
of this Month, w ch . I hope y u . have received Safe 'ere now, I 
beleive you had thereby directions concerning Magra, As he is 
come away, you are rid of any further trouble concerning him, 

The Bearer tells me that he see him destroy a Pacquet of let- 
ters which he brought from Niagra, at y e house of one Dygert 
a Publican near to the German Flatts, w h , I think with the rest 
of his conduct whilst with you plainly shews him a bad man. 

As the Jan r y. Pacquet has been some time expected & by her 
some thing Interesting, I purpose detaining y e . Express a Couple 
of Days in hopes of being able to send you something new, for 
here we have nothing of moment to write our freinds. 

24 th . My letters by the Post are Just arrived, but no Pacquet, 
so that I have only to conclude with my hearty wishes for y r . 
Welfare, & to assure you that 

I am 

Y r . most Obedient 

& verry Humble Serv 1 
Cap t . Brown — W Johnson 

INDORSED: Sir W m . Johnson 

23^ March 1 768 
Relative to a Magra 

1 Captain in command of Fort Niagara. 

2 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 98, London, 

168 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

[Philada.] March 23<* 1768 

I am much obliged to you for your kind Favor of the [5th] 
this month; and for your friendly Hopes, That my Partners 
[ "may make advantagious Returns from the Indian 

Country," [ ] Manner in Which your Honor has divided 

the Grant [ ] this Government, is perfectly agreeable to 

both Branches of [ ] Legislature — ; and They are con- 

fident, That their [Do] nation to the Indians, Under your 
Auspices, — will have [ happy Effect, of conciliating 

their Regards to the Province, [ Your directing M r . 

Croghan" to lay Out the remaining £1200 [ j a Present, 

in such Manner, as to leave it in his Power [ ] take up 

the Goods from Me, Is a very strong additional [ins]tance 
of your Honor's favorable Disposition towards my [par] tners 
and self. 

] am very thankfull to you for your information respec- 
ting] the Boundary and I trust the January Packet, will 
] you ample Orders On that Head. 

to your Desire, I inclose you the Copies of the 
j which passed between M r . MacLane 1 & D r . Franklin 
dary as mentioned in the Doctor's Letter to Me — 
Which ] That in the constant Mutation of Ministers, 

| had been forgot. 

I would present his Compliments 
That as soon as the Packet arrives, 
He proposes to do Himself the Pleasure of writing to you [ 
Himself, He shall have an agreable Subject to write On. 

If your Honor should have any thing decissive by the next [ ] 
respecting the Boundary. — May I presume to ask the [ 

1 Dr Lauchlan Maclane, an under-secretary to Lord Shelburne. He 
had lived in Philadelphia. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 169 

a few Lines from you relative to it? — I am going to [ 

soon and therefore must request, if you will be so condescending 

to honor me with Them, — That you will be pleased to inclose 

] Letter to Thomas Wharton, Merch 1 . In Philadelphia. 
I took the Liberty of writing to you On the 20th Instant [ 
Then sent a small Box, directed to the care of M r . Wetherhead 

] forwarding — inclosing Crafts of the best Fruits in 
this Province] Such as. The Carnation, — May Duke & very 
rich Red Heart, [ ] The best Christian, Cheshire & a 

variety of other choice Pears, [ ] Newington & Other 

Peaches &c. 

I hope M r . Witherhead sent the Box by the first Sloop to [ 
as I persuade myself a Collection of such extraordinary Fruits 

] acceptable to You. 
Our Frontiers are again in the greatest Commotion and D [ 
after M r . Croghan had left the City, He received Letters by [ 
Some of his Friends in Cumberland County, informing [ 
Black Boys 1 had associated and resolved, [ 
should be suffered to go to Fort Pitt, — That [ 
should be held With the Indians, and [ 
Violence would be offered to his Pers[ 
Upon Receipt of those Letters, [ 
Wilkins and inclosed Him [ 

] Time acquainted Him That as Lieutenant Batt. 2 
| to proceed in a few Days with a small Detachment to 
Fort Pitt, He would tarry [ ] Lancaster for Them. 

] soon as Colonel Wilkins got the Letter, He communi 
[cated] it to Governor Penn and On Friday Morning next, M r . 
Batt, with a Party of 35 men, set off for Pittsburgh. Should 
the Black Boys be so rash, as to attempt any Injury to M r . 
Croghan. The Conflict must be fatal, as They are so Numerous 

1 A lawless company, formed by James Smith, which destroyed the 
traders' goods near Fort Loudon in March, 1 765. 
2 Lieutenant Thomas Batt, of the 1 8th Regiment. 

170 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and M r . Batt's Detachment so small. — But I trust, the more 
sober & discreet Inhabitants, may influence Them to Quietude. 
I am with great Truth & Respect 

Y r . most Obedient And 

faithfull Servant 

Sam l Wharton 1 

] bespoke a Dozen of the best Cotton 
] . They shall be well bleached and 
] Every Respect for you. 

] to M r . Witherhead, in about ten 

] sw 

] Johnson 

Lancaster, March 25 th . 1768— 
Worthy Sir, 

I acknowledge, with much Gratitude, the Favour of your 
polite Letter of the 5 th . of January, which I did not receive till 
very lately. I deem myself peculiarly happy in being honoured 
with your Friendship, & shall make it the Study of my Life to 
improve the good Opinion you are pleased to entertain of me — 
Would to God, I had it in my Power to evince, by more than 
Words, the Sincerity of that Affection & Esteem, which I feel 
for you ! My Prayers & good Wishes are the best Offering I can 
make you; And this, poor as it is, I have the Pleasure to think, 
will always be acceptable to a generous Mind. 

I am sorry that William should be the Bearer of this Letter — 

1 Samuel Wharton, of Philadelphia, was an active figure of the Revo- 
lution and member of the Continental Congress in 1 782-83. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 171 

But ever since the turbulent & disordered State of the Back 
Counties, occasioned by the Murder committed upon several 
Indians by one Stump, & the Rescue of that Villain, & the law- 
less insolent Behaviour of some of the Inhabitants, in Conse- 
quence thereof, he has relaxed in Application to Study, been 
uneasy in Mind; and from the most diligent, contented, happy 
Lad, is become the most dissatisfied, sullen, careless Creature 
imaginable — He immediately sollicitted Leave to return Home 
— I used every Argument to prevail with him to remain here 
for Six Months longer, as he had begun the Elements of 
Geometry, in Order to learn Surveying, which I thought might 
be of Advantage to him; & which he would soon have under- 
stood — But notwithstanding his Situation in my own Family 
(which I hope he will do me the Justice to own, was comfortable 
& easy) I could not succeed with him; And having an Oppor- 
tunity of consulting with M r . Croghan, who is here at present, 
we have judged it prudent to indulge his Caprice, & to let him 
pay a Visit to his Friends & Native Home — Colonel Croghan 
thinks he will be glad, after some little Time, to come back — 
Should that be the Case, he shall again have free Admission into 
my House, & be welcome to every good Office I can render 
him — 

M r . Croghan, who ordered M r . Simon, upon William's first 
Coming, to furnish him with Necessaries, has received his Bill 
for Cloaths, Books, Schooling &c. — As for his Boarding & 
Lodging there are no Demands — I could wish to have him 
restored to you a little more advanced in Learning ; but at present 
he seems to think that he is got to the Ne plus ultra of Science, 
& that he is most learned Man in America — Had he staid a 
little longer, he might perhaps have been at the Head of his 
Nation — He takes with him his Copper-plate and Books, 
which I hope he will make Use of, that he may not lose any 
Thing of what he has acquired. 

M r Croghan tells me you intend to send little Peter Abroad 
for his Education — If you will commit him to my Care, he 
shall be treated as one of my own Children — And I have no 

172 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Doubt of being able to answer your most sanguine Expectations 
with Regard to Morals & Learning — I should be glad, if 
by this, or any other Method, I could evidence with what 
Sincerity, I am, 

Worthy & dear Sir, 
Your very affectionate, and 

Most obedient humble Servant 

Tho Barton 
The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: Lancaster March 25 th 1768 
M r . Bartons Letter 

L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall March 25*. 1768 

The Bearer Cap 1 . Ogden has made me a Visit on the Subject 
of your letter of August last concerning the disposal of the 
Lands of the Mantrickes 2 lying in your Province. Since the 
receipt of which letter I find that these Indians have an inclina- 
tion to dispose of their Rights there, and as they are for the most 
part removed, and that it will be for the Advantage of the 
Colony, I cannot but greatly approve of it, as I do of Cap*. 
Ogden as their Attorney to transact that business, So that you 
will please to lay the Same before your Assembly agreable to 
the proposal contained in your Letter. — I need not to recom- 
mend y e making them a handsome Compensation for the Sale, as 
doubtless it will, be dusty 3 attended to. — But in answer to your 
Queries must add, That such sale may be made by Cap 1 . Ogden 
at Annapolis in the presence of such Persons as you shall direct, 

1 In the Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MdL A draft in 
the New York State Library suffered considerably from fire. 

2 Nanticokes. 

3 "Duly" was written presumably. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 173 

at which time the purchase Money may be paid to him in trust 
for the Indians, Whom I shall direct to Assemble for his return 
at Otseningo, or some Convenient place, where He shall in the 
presence of the Whole Tribe, & an Officer of my Department 
distribute the Money Justly amongst them, taking two Setts of 
proper Receipts, The One to be sent to you, & the other to be 
lodged in my Secretarys office, After which, they can never 
think of laying any future Claim to the Tract. 

I have now furnished Cap 1 . Ogden with a Short power in my 
name for Negotiating this Matter, and I shall take such further 
Steps herein as may be necessary, so soon as the purchase is 
made. — I am with great truth 

Your most Obedient 

& Very Humble Servant. 

W. Johnson. 
The Honorable 

L T . Governor Sharpe — 
INDORSED: Sir W m . Johnson 1 768 

Given to me in 1833 by Horatio Ridout Esq. of 
Annapolis in 1 833 

R. Gilmor 

A. L. S. 

[28] March 1768. 

] eluded to give M r . Peter Remsen a Power of 

[attorney] to settle the Disputes with the Indians concerning 

] Kayadorosseres, which he proposes to do sometime the 

next Month, and we are now getting full Powers signed by the 

Proprietors to enable him to compleat it — 

As we would gladly save as much time as possible in forward- 
ing the Division of the Patent, so the Proprietors have con- 
cluded in the mean while to publish the proper Notices in the 

1 74 Sir William Johnson Papers 

papers, that are prepartory to a Partition — They mean no 
more by this Step than to save time; and I just thought proper 
to mention this to you that it might give no uneasiness upon a 
Supposition that we had given over any further Treaty with the 
Indians upon the Subject. We hope the method we are now 
taking will succeed and bring the matter to final Conclusion some 
how or other — 

I am 

Your most obedient 

and very humble Serv' 

Benj n . Klssam 


Sir William Johnson Kn* 
at Johnson Hall 
in the County of 



[Stone Raby, March 29, 1768] 
His Excellency [ 

Baronet, Brigadier General [ 

the Millitia in the Northern District 
&c &c 

We the Petitioners of the Lutherian Congregation | 
of Stoneraby, Martin Nestel Andrew Dillenbagh W[ 
& Dewald Nelles; for and in the Name of the whole Con- 
gregation] having Consulted with one Accord to make our 
humble Supp[lication] to His Excellency for and Advice in the 
greatest Distress wherein [ ] Congregation is this present 

Time for we know not how to Counsel our Selfs in this most im- 
portant Affairs with our Enemies the Calvinists in the afore Said 
place, about our Church land which we have had in Possession 
this 35 Years without any Disturbance, now it Seems Since all 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 175 

the Old partners of our Syde are Dead, and gone out of this 
World and none alive but one of the Calvinist Syde, Named 
John Snell he is going on in Such a Shameful Manner to Des- 
troy our Religion of the afore Said place, with Writings where 
we never was told of we never had any Such Thoughts Since 
the Land was Divided and lots drawn by both parties, that there 
could be any difference afterwards, Since the Land was given by 
the 28 partners of the afore Said Stone-raby Pattent for Church 
Land to both parties forever now there is but 4 alive of our 
Lutherian Congregation which have been present this Twenty 
Years ago when John Snell and Some of our Congregation 
jointly agreed and employed Hend k . Frey Esqr Dec d to Survey 
the land, and Accordingly it was done to both parties Satysfac- 
tion, now this insurrection Arrived of the above Named John 
Snell, and therefore we the Whole Congregation beseeching His 
Excelency to Grant us this humble request in what Manner in 
this Hour of Temptation we ought to behave, and if it 
will [ ] 

[ 1 


ED: [ 



] by the 29 th of March 


[Philad*. April 3 d 1768] 
M r Croghan sent the Bearer from Lancaster to my Care; and 
as He was very desirous of [ ] Our City, I kept HL? 

a few Days here. ] returns to the Mohocks Count; ; 

by the Way of New York and He goes from Hence in u:c 
Land Stage [thither] where, I have recommended Him, to the 
Care of [ ] Deems & desired Him to procure Him a 

passage in [ ] first Sloop to Albany. 

I am Sir with great Respect 

y r . most Obedient & faithfull Servant 

Sam l Wharton 
[ | Baronet 

1 76 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

New York April 4 lh 1768 

Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letter of the 16 th . March and am glad 
you have got so well thro' the very troublesome Business that 
must have taken up so much of your time for Months past. The 
Cherokees who return to South Carolina by Sea are arrived, and 
I am told very highly pleased with the service you have done 
for them as M r . Croghan is gone to Fort Pitt, he will be at hand 
to treat of the Peace between the Delawares, Shawnese &ca and 
the Cherokes Deputys who I understand have taken the route 
of the Ohio from your House. 

Our own Affairs particularly since the Murders committed 
upon the Indians by the German 2 in Pennsylvania, must doubt- 
less have given you as much trouble to settle and to pacify the 
Indians as the Peace of the Cherokees. You will have beared 
of M r . Pen's Proclamation in Consequence of the Law, passed 
to remove the Settlers from their Encroachments. Whether it 
will have the desired effect unless backed by a Military Force is 
perhaps a doubt, if it has not, I shall certainly push the removing 
them by Main Force. M r . Croghan stopped at Lancaster upon 
Intelligence that some of the Banditti upon the Frontiers 
threatened his Life, and the Seizing of all the Goods he should 
carry up with him an officer and 30 Men are marched from 
Philadelphia to escort him. 

You inclosed me two Accounts from M r . Cole stationed at 
the Ilinois; the one from Sep 1 . 1766 to March 1767, the other 
from March to Sep'. 1767. making about a compleat year, and 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 By Frederick Stump, near Harris Ferry, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 177 

both together amounting to £10,742 7 s 11 d . This is realy so 
monstrous an Account that I hardly know what can be done 
with it, I ought to give Some Reasons why Such an enormous 
Expence should be incurred in one year at the Ilinois, when 
Missilimakinak and the Detroit together, at the time that prudent 
People commanded there, did not cost more hundreds than the 
Ilinois has cost Thousands and I can see no Reason why Money 
is to be lavished so profusely at that Place More than at other 
Places, all the Reason I can procure for it is, that the Savages 
are numerous and may destroy all the Provisions in the Country, 
of which the same may be said respecting the Situation of the 
Detroit. I wish you could furnish me with same good Reasons 
to serve as a just Pretence in the Warrant to be granted, to 
answer M r . Cole's Draughts for the granting so considerable 
Sums for the use of one single Post. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage. 
Be so good to give the 
Inclosed for Cap 1 . Spicemaeker, to 
M r . Roberts, to carry with him to 
Missilimakinak. He set out from hence 
for your House some Days ago. 

Sir W m . Johnson Bar 1 . 

INDORSED: New York April 4 th . 1768 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter, 

w ,h . one for Cap*. Spiesmaker 

1 78 Sir William Johnson Papers 



[Johnson Hall, April 5, 1768] 

] favor of the 7 th Ult° for several 
] severe Attack of my old Disorder 
] Answering sooner, I am now a little, and 
]tter. The Cold I got during the late Congress 
] brought on my Complaint for as there were near 800 
] was frequently obliged to Sit with them for sev 1 . hours 
together [ ] the Snow in my Court Yard — but their 

Affairs are [ ] You had been a Letter in Arrear but you 

Judged [ ]ht in not being on punctilio with me, who 

never am so | ] friends. — 

I have given M r . Wetherhead orders | | the Money 

transmitted by M r . Allen, which please [ ] his hands. — 

The Embassy he mentions to have sent to me 
] boundary Line, is (I believe) a Mistake, that 
] not take place 'till I receive farther orders, which | 
] next pacquet as the Secretary of State writes me 
] once settled to mutual satisfaction will be a 
]enting many Land disputes if strictly adhered to 
] I can do for you at any time concerning 
] command me in, Its a pity such a Tract 
] remain unsettled. 

] would offer for the final 

] I have used much 

] Apprehension 


safely as a public [ 
strict Integrity amongst [ 
take upon me | 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lines burned off. 



t J* 


\ u 0Mt£Ht+.4.H r fy!> ran 2tu> Mh» *i5k.-.-. iM4«i^ £ W^M^Hkw^ 

•^£m Pfr £ni£z'*{X>'.t;,~} lX/s JIhuIjhX ,* ***.<*/£ .• 


dtf* &r Cvti {ZXttb.*! \/ip&J &*>** Itun, h /k>-a&ire^>ul<7->.*rZr*±* &~ — 

7 IV ■B**~"M»BP *' 

. I SX++SL 'rfsir/T 3 '/ff /£- £y* ■c£s-f*-nJ?fj0'>' CjtL^n. /hir*^t^./^/c *"~f 



Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 179 

sev r . Proprietors (some of them now [ 
Lay any Claim to what is released. Th [ 
point, & ought to be so with any Man in[ 

I know there are people capable of placing [ 
tho' a very false light, which has given me less [ 
had in endeavoring to compass the ends of the [ 
now no longer an Affair of the Mohocks alone, [ 
Nations interest themselves warmly in it, and at [ 
Meeting have made it a public Grievance in [ 
Nevertheless whatever is about to be done for the [ 
of the Affair in any consistent manner I shall [ 
in to the utmost of my Influence — 

I Expect the pacquet will bring [ 
News, and hoping to hear from you remain [ 
and Esteem D r . Sir 

Yours ever/ 


[Johnson Hall, April 6, 1768] 

] with near 800 Indians so occupied my 
| not attend to any business 'till it was over, and 
] Sitting out in my Court Yard in very bad Weather 
| me a Painfull Disorder which as yet confines me to 
] I have given the Colonel & other field Officers their 
Commissions, and [ ] Preparing of the Captains and 

Subalterns to be recommended [ ] Excellency for Com- 

missions. — On Examination I find that [the bojunds of the 
Albany Regiment was too limitted, and Should [ beyond 

the Libertys of that City as far North as Halfmoon [ 
of Coll Schyler, 2 Which may require the alteration of two 
Words, I was not, nor am I as yet acquainted with the 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Philip Schuyler, who was to command a new regiment. 

180 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] of that Gentlemans Regiment, or of any you may have 
] to the Southward of the City of Albany but have wrote 
for [ ] of them &ca To Express the particular divisions 

occasioned [ ] Situation of Some of the Regiments so as 

to admit of no | ] dispute would have required more Words 

than the Commission [ ] I think it best that the Colonels 

Settle this which I shall [ ] General Orders fully 

explaining it. 

] I beg Leave to recommend Hend k M. Roseboom for 

] Majority of Albany, and Peter B. Vroman jun r . for the 

] just Vacant in the Scohare Regiment, and at the 

] Extremely Necessary to recommend to your 

]tment of an Adjutant General for the 

] as I 
] properly conducted without 

] Liberty to mention 


concerning [ 

should be but two to a Reg [ 

the Custom of a pair [ 

but amongst them, and creat [ 

is drawn up, — 

My bad State of health [ 
to take a Journey Shortly to the Sea Coast for the benefit of [ 
gladly have avoided if possible, — As I have h[ 
Seeing You here this Spring I wish it could be [ 
departure. — I shall return as quickly [as Circumstances 
Permit and during My Absence Col[ 
who will manage the Affairs of the Ind n Department [ 
receive your Commands, and Execute your Orders. Should It 
so happen that I am deprived of the pleasure of a personal [ 
with you I must request that you will do me the honor to make 
use of my Coll Johnson will attend you, But it 

would afford me a more sensible to render you my 

1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


personal Services if the state of [ 
with the most perfect Esteem 

| would permit as I am 

Sir &ca 



[Johnson Hall April 6, 1768] 

] t Extracts from the proceedings at 

] Indisposed occasioned as I believe 

] the Several Congresses which from the 

]ians was obliged to be held out of Doors in the Snow. 

| drawn for the Ammount as by my last I now 

] a List of the Goods & Presents delivered to the Indians 

] satisfaction, and I hope they will be found to have been 

] plyed. 

The Tuscaroras who came thro' your Province in 

] 1 766 to Joyn their people to the Northward have 

] as well as before applied earnestly for some reimbursement 

] Horses &ca which were taken from them by the frontier 

Jbitants of Pennsylvania concerning which I formerly 

You — M r Tho s . M c Kee is well Acquainted with the 

] particulars of that Affair so that he can give any 

Information towards their obtaining some restitution 



A. D. 

[New York, April 6, 1768] 

] Wetherhead 

] £3.14. 
] 15/ 1.16. - 
] Candles Viz* 
] 42 1/ 2 — )0% Tare 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

182 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] 45|4—11|4 to 

87% 22 65?4 N*. a 2/6 



4!/ 2 

2 Boxes a 2/6 


] Tallow Candles Viz*. 


] 1 Box Mold 67 17 50 N*a11 d 




] 1 D°. dipt 69 17 52 a 10 d 




2 Boxes 2/6 


C d' 

c q r . 

] Barrell Muscovado Sugar 2.1 9 a 54/ 




Barrell 2/ 


Barrells Molasses 96 Gallons a 2/3 



3 Barrells a 4/ 


Cartage 1/6 



] Setts Oval Dishes 6 to a Sett a 20/ 


] doz Soup plates to Suit a 6/ 




] doz flatt d° 5/6 




Tureens a 12/ 




] Doz Wine Glasses a 8/ 







| Doz of the most fashionable Glasses a 1 7 4 . 



] Doz of plain d° a 12/ 






] large China breakfast Cups & 

Saucers a 40/ 



] Slop bowl 8/ Teapot 1 6/ Milkpott 6/ 

Sugarpot 7/ 




] Cupps & Saucers with Handles 






. — . 


] bowl 5/ Milkpott 7/ 


, — . 







. 5. 







Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 


[ ] 

[ ] 

Box for the pap[ 

Paid (|/ 2 ?) for a Box from Phil [ 


I Sent a Letter Press for you by Capn Van 
Allen wch I forgott to Charge it 

1. 6 


£80 [ 

ADDRESSED: The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson B f 

£80 — 1 0|/ 2 
On board Capt Philip 
Lansings' Sloop 



[New York, April 7, 1768] 
I ulto in Consequence of which 
| yet ready, according to the 
| you will find right & the Rect of 
| on board Pemberton, who will go very Soon 
had the Patents, which the Governor has 
ready — As Lansing is just agoing off [ 
| to assure you that I am most Sincerely 
Sir Your Most Hble servant 

John Wetherhead 

The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bart 

Johnson Hall 
p Capt Lansing 

184 Sir William Johnson Papers 

D/. 1 

Johnson-Hall April 8 ih 1768 

Dear Sir 

[Since] my last of the 14 th ult° I have had [a very sevjere 
attack of a Disorder something different from [any] I felt before 
which confined me to my bed for several days as it does still to 
my Room I attribute it to the severe Cold I caught during the 
late Congress, being obliged as the Indians were near 800, to 
meet them & Sit for several hours together amidst the snow in 
my Court Yard, — This indisposition prevented my Answering 
your favor of the 1 3th ult° sooner. 

I now inclose you an Extract of the proceedings at the late 
Congress" and also transmit my Acct of pay, [& of such] Dis- 
bursements &ca as are come to hand to the 24th of March, for 
which I beg you will favor me with a Warrt. 

Whenever the Traders apply to me again concerning Major 
Roger's Draughts I shall acquaint them with your reasons for 
not admitting them. 

I thank you for the Extract of Lord Shelburnes [Letter] 
concerning the Boundary Line which corresponds [a good deal] 
with that to me; I do not know how they [have settled the] Caro- 
lina & Georgia boundarys, but You [will find in the] Pro- 
ceedings I send you that the Chero[kees have complained to 
the] Six Nations at my House [that the Line was very disad- 
vantageous to them which induced the others to speak to me 
about the boundary to be settled for them, in manner as you 
will find in the Extract.] As the Indians inte[nd to cede Lands 
to the Provinces they] will certainly expect a handsome [return. 

1 In Guy Johnson's handwriting. Burned portions supplied from a copy 
made before the fire, printed in Collections of the Illinois State Historical 
Library, 16:237-40, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

2 In Doc. Rel. lo Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:38-53. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 185 

they have no thought of doing with 1 a Gratuity & Indeed from 
all I could] discover this was intended [& M r Croghan on his 
return from] England mentioned it as declared to [him by the 
Lords of] Trade. M r Penn will I am certain make [them a] 
reasonable acknowledgment for what they [add within] his 
Limits, as for the rest of the Colonies concerned which are all 
Royal Governments (Maryland excepted & that can be little 
concerned) The Government need [not be] a Loser by pur- 
chasing for them, as it will be afterwards readily paid by the 
People who will take it up, besides, [that] by purchasing at 
once all within certain Limits, mu[ch trouble] and Confusion 
will be saved in future, and the Transact [ions of] Individuals 
for Small Tracts often attended with disputes [will cease.] 

I have a Letter from Lieut Governor Carleton 1 [with] a 
Petition from the Traders to him, and their remarks [upon the] 
Regulations I made for the Ind n Trade. The Petition [sets 
forth] What they call their rights, the Proclamation [for the 
free] open Trade & that the Regulations are equally [hurtfull] 
to both themselves & Indians, That the Comds [Officers, or] 
Commiss rs ought not to presume to stop or alter [the intent of a] 
Pass, their Remarks are contained [under sev 1 Articles] 
amongst which they find great [fault with giving an accot] of 
their Goods &ca to the Commiss[y s That the same Reasons] 
by which the Permission [is given to go North of Lake Huron 
&ca will hold good South of L. Erie, &ca That every person 
with a Gov rs pass ought to be permitted to go where he pleases 
without Molestation &c. This is the Substance & is as much as 
to say that every Trader be at Liberty to go where, & do as he 
pleases, for in the first place the Proclamation for the Free 
Trade] Subjects them never [theless to Certain Restrictions to 
be] made for that purpose, which [have been fully approved] 
of by his Majesty and myself directed [to persist] therein, In 
the Next place the indulgence to those Northward of Lake 
Huron, arose from their own Representations,] of the Peculiar 

1 Letter of Carlton to Johnson, March I 6, 1 768. 

186 Sir William Johnson Papers 

circumstances of those Indian nations often in [Want] in a 
Co[untry] covered with deep Snow, which must greatly retard 
their marching & often render it impracticable, Circumstances 
by no means attending the rest of the Indians, and as to Gov- 
ernors passes they were designed to Express the post for Trade 
& the permission for Leaving the Province, & can by no means 
Extend In my opinion to protect them in a Country where his 
Majesty has thought proper to Subject them to restrictions as 
the very Tenor of the passes Exp[ress.] The fact is that if 
Traders are allowed in the Ind n Country the same Libertys en- 
joyed by Commerce in established Governments & with Civi- 
lized Nations it will often be productive of very different 
Consequences, to the destruction of Liberty & property too, aris- 
ing from the Peculiar circumstances of the Indians the defects 
in our Laws for their redress, & the impracticability for them to 
obtain [it] in case the Laws made that provision for their 
relief which some of the most Learned of that Profession, declare 
they do not. 

But as extravagant Gain will often tempt people to overlook 
[Consequ]ences, & run all hazards I have long thought it best 
to [Wave every] part wich co d possibly be dispensed with, and 
[Last fall] Signified my thoughts & Resolutions thereon to [the 
Secretary] of State, and indeed they have no reason to [Com- 
plain for at the] time they first represented these as Grievances 
[there was no Comissy or other officer of] the Department [Es- 
tablished at Michilimackinack, and since Rogers arrival there 
they have had free Liberty to go where they pleased. In conse- 
quence of what I wrote home on this head I have so far moder- 
ated the Regulations as to Admit their going into the Indian 
Country as in the inclosed Extract On which I sho d be glad to 
have your Sentiments as well as] with regard to the Prohibition 
of Rum beyond the posts, or the] Limitting the Quantity for 
[each Canoe, which the Traders are in generall very desirous 
to have settled, and [indeed I believe it would be for] the best, 
if the Ind s . agreed to it. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 187 

The very extraordinary Expence attend [ing the Commissary- 
ship] at the Uinois, & the Assertions of the Commissy that [he 
cannot] retrench them, inclines me to withdraw that officer 
[from] thence, Leaving proper Interpreters with the Com- 
mand [ing] Officer which will prove a saving, at least tryal [can 
be] made whether we cannot do without a Comissy at [that 
place] please to favor me with your advice & direction theron. 

M r Magra mentioned in a Note from you some time ago, [is 
now] in this Neighbourhood being returned from Niagara [in 
a very] distressed condition & talks of goin to Canada. I am 
[a Stranger] to his Affairs and do not know what to do with him. 

The Bad State of my health makes me agreable [to advice] 
to resolve on taking a Journey to the Sea Side, in order to try 
what [effect that] Air may have towards restoring it. — As my 
stay will [be uncertain] Lieu 1 . Johnson, Depy for this District 
will receive your [Commands] & discharge the business of the 
department here in my [absence,] I would willingly avoid this 
Journey did it not appear [absolutely] necessary & that I have 
hopes of returning [with a larger] share of health. — L l Roberts 
tells me he took [the liberty to] mention his Losses & Expences 
to you, on which occasion you was pleased [to referr it to me, I] 
therefore insert them in mine, and hope you [will find them 
[His Excell c y Gen l Gage] 

INDORSED: [Johnson Hall 8 th April 1768 
Letter to Genr 1 Gage 
w th sundry Enclosures.] 


Df. 1 

Johnson Hall April 8, 1768 

] you for your Last favor, which my 
| me Congress with about 800 Indians, and 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

188 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] ever since prevented me from Answering 

] Major Gorham has since rectified his Accot of 

]nts for the ballance of which I now give you a Draft 

] I add £16 for the Marble Slab, I am ashamed to have 

[neglected?] [ ] thank you for the accot you have given 

me of the [vessel] you send to Dublin, and am Obliged to Mess" 

Grey [ ] ningham for the Compliment they made me of the 

freight [ ] Picture — As to the Election affairs you wrote 

about [ ] now entirely Settled. I have some reason to think 

] could have carried it for this County without much 

[ ] ty, but neither myself or Sir John had the least 

[ ] of his Setting up as a Candidate. I expect 

] News by the Pacquet which is to bring me some 

[ ] dispatches, at present there is nothing new from 

[ ] ttled all Affairs between the Northern Indians 

[ ] not without much difficulty, the former being 

[ ] Success & their known Superiority in War 

] settled the affair of the late barbarous 

] Pennsylvania, which would 

[ ] frontiers in a Sudden War; but 

[ ] the Snow & Wet of my 

[ *] 

A. L. S. 

[New York April If. 1768] 

] send you the pickled oystfers] 
] Account of which you have enc[ 

] Long to excessive Cold that Now 

] Seems Settled & appears as if it woud be 

] Send you the Lobsters in a few Days — the Man 

] Bucketts & as soon as they are finished I will Send them 

] Sent the Spices under the Care of M r Cartwright who 

to you by a Safe hand least they shoud be filched 

1 Lines binned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 189 

] is excessive Scarce in town, all I coud get is 3 to which 
] when the Ships arrive from London I will Send you more 
[ ] think it necessary — 

The Enclosd Letter for you has been sent me by Doct r Auch- 
muthy [ ] much obligd to you Sir if you will be kind enough 

to give the Enclosed [ ] Byrne who I am told is at John- 

son Hall, shoud He be gone [ ] be so kind as Send it to 

Him by the first Oppertunity [ ] Packetts for the Ministry 

Still lay by me; as there is no Packett [ ] People seem to 

think she is driven by bad Weather to the [ ] there is a fine 

Ship agoing to London on Wednesday Next ] a good 

Mind to Send them by Her, but as you ordered me to [ 
the Packett I dont know what to do — 

] mind to send your 2 patents by Pemberton, I have 
just now [ ] the Secretarys office, but the Clerks 

have not yet registerd them [ ] that Business this 

Day or tomorrow morning & that I may be [ ] ready by 

tomorrow afternoon, I wish to God they were [ ] will 

appear to you as if I was trifling about them [ ] for you 

on Wednesday Morning, by [ ] Time I remain with 

Sincere Regard 

] most Hble Servant 
[John] Wetherhead 

account of john wetherhead 

A. D. 

New York the 11th April 1768 

] Johnson Bar f . 

Bo', of John Wetherhead 
] Oysters with the Keggs £4 — 

[ ] on a 30/ 12 6 

[ ]ggs a 20/ 10 




190 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

[Burnets Field] Aprill y 12 th 1768 

] Send you the List of the Officers 

] Opointed to Be in this Battalion 

] have Layed it Out to the Best of our 

]lage Whome whe thought was fitt[ed] 

] that Business — 

] more at Presend But Remain your 

Frind and Hum ble Servend 


A. L. S. 2 

Boston, Lincolnshire, April the 14 th 1768 

May it please Your Excellency 

I most humbly beg the favour of you to indulge me in the 
liberty of addressing Your Excellency on the following occasion. 
My Noble and much honoured Friend, Lord Adam Gordon, 
when I had the pleasure of seeing him last summer, expressed 
his wishes that I would go over into America; adding that Your 
Excellency much wanted a Clergyman at Johnson Hall; and 
that your Son, during his stay in England, had endeavoured to 
procure one without success. His Lordship said he would make 
enquiry in a Letter he should write to your Excellency, by the 
two persons who went over from hence, to veiw his Lordships 
lands there, the latter end of last year, if you had yet procured 
one ; but he afterwards told me he forgot : And as those persons 

1 Johan Jost Herkimer, father of General Nicholas Herkimer. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 191 

upon their return hither informed me Your Excellency still 
wanted one, and as I know his Lordship does not like writing 
unless when he is in some measure obliged to it; I flatter myself 
Your Excellency will pardon my having presumed to take the 
liberty of acquainting you myself, that I should be extremely 
proud of the honour of coming over into America under Your 
Excellency's Patronage and of serving you in the capacity of a 
Clergyman, either in your own family or elsewhere as you shall 
chuse, and upon such terms and conditions as you shall graciously 
be pleased to propose. 

It may perhaps be agreable to Your Excellency to be informed 
of the following perticulars relating to me: viz that I am in my 
thirty second year, have taken the Degree of Master of Arts at 
the University of Cambridge am very active and healthy, have 
been married above seven years but have had no children ; that I 
do now, and have for more than nine years last past, taught the 
Free Grammar School in this town, and should this Proposal so 
far meet with your Excellency's approbation as to induce me to 
come over, I would, if required, open an Academy for the In- 
struction of young Persons in writing, Arithmetick and, such as 
desired it, in the Classics, the most useful branches of the Mathe- 
matics and Natural Philosophy; sending over before hand such 
Testimonials from Persons of Learning and Rank, perticularly 
Lord Adam Gordon, as I hope would satisfy Your Excellency 
both with respect to my Abilities and Character. 

I beg at the same time to inform Your Excellency that the 
only motive for my making this proposal is the uncertain Pros- 
pect I have of Preferment at home, for want of Friends, and the 
excessive dearness of every necessary of life in this Country, 
which renders it necessary for me to undertake more Duty than 
I shall be able to perform many years longer, in order to live 
agreably to the Education and Character of a Clergyman. 

Lord Adam Gordon from the report the two abovementioned 
persons made of the situation of his lands, and their great distance 
from a navigable River, apprehended his making a Settlement 

192 Sir William Johnson Papers 

upon them, as he proposed, would be attended with too great an 
expense; and therefore entirely droped the design, notwithstand- 
ing the great numbers of persons who declared themselves ready 
to embark. As I was the person concerned for his Lordship on 
the occasion, I can affirm with certainty, that above fifty Persons 
out of this neighbourhood chiefly Husbandmen, Hemp and flax 
dressers &c &c with their Families, would have embarked in his 
Lordship service upon very reasonable terms ; and are yet desirous 
of doing it in that of any other person of Property in America, 
who should chuse to engage them; all sober, honest, industrious 
people; induced to such a Proposal merely by the distress of 
the times, and the intolerable hardships the laborious people in 
this country are obliged to undergo to get a Living. 

Tho foreign to the Subject of this Letter, I hope Your Ex- 
cellency will excuse my mentioning it, as perhaps either Yourself 
or some of your Friends in America may think it worth while to 
give encouragement to these People to come over and settle in 
the country. 

Should Your Excellency be pleased to deem this Letter de- 
serving of an answer by honouring it with one the first opportunity, 
you would highly oblige 

May it Please Your Excellency 
Your Excellency's 

Most Obedient and 
Most Humble Servant 

Thomas Bateman 

ADDRESSED: To His Excellency 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
At Johnson Hall 
In the Province of New York 
North America Single Sheet 

Paid Postage 

April 14* 1768 

From the Rev d . M r Bateman 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 193 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:57-58, is a letter of April 15th 
from the Earl of Hillsborough announcing the King's concurrence in the 
opinion that Johnson's plan for the regulation of trade should give way to 
management by the colonies, a resolution to break up unnecessary military 
posts, and an increase of salary for Johnson and Superintendent Stuart. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 392, is listed, under date April 15, White- 
hall, a circular letter of Hillsborough to the governors in America, inform- 
ing them that the regulation of Indian trade will be left to the colonies. 
(This copy is addressed to the Governor of West Florida and marked: 
Duplicate.) (Printed, somewhat abbreviated, in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y., 8:55-56.) 


A. L. S. 1 

Mobile 15* April 1768 

I would much rather [be thought] troublesome, than deficient 
in showing [and] acknowledging that Respect and attention, 
[which] your goodness and friendly behavior to me, so much 
deserves. From that motive therefore, you have now the trouble 
of this Letter, which, from the circuite I have taken in joining 
my Regm 1 might, from a more able pen be filled with entertain- 
ing & perhaps usefull subject. However without ceremonie, I 
shall take the liberty to give you my sentiments of the very exten- 
sive Country I have so latly passed through. 

That the lands on the Ohio River are generally Rich & beau- 
tifull, covered with variety of fine timber, is indisputable; and 
they are likewise plentifully watered by a number of com- 
modeous Rivers & creeks : But notwithstanding these advantages 

1 Words burned away supplied from a copy made before the fire, printed 
in Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 16:242-45, ed. 
C. W. Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

194 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of nature, I cannot reconcile [to myself] the propriety of making 
[settlements] there, were the Indians even to [admitt] of it. 
The River Ohio can really only [be said to] be navigable from 
the braking up of the Winter to the month of June, except with 
very small canoes, and the Prodigeous land carriage to the sea 
coast from Fort Pitt, must, but bring a very small profit to the 
Planter. Should they take the Port of New Orleans, for by no 
other communication can We can]) produce to sea, the distance 
is too great, as the whole summer months would be employed in 
such a Voyage, besides it is a forreign Port. 

The acquisition of the Country of the Illinois I am affraid 
will turn out to be but of small advantage to us ; we by no means 
command the Indian Trade there; as the French 6c Spanish 
Subjects can go & does, without interuption among the Indians 
every where, in the Country; owing to there not being Posts 
made at the mouths of these Rivers leading [to their Towns] 
particularly the Illinois [River & Ohio: But] really at present 
it is not very [material, for as] long as New Orleans is in the 
[hands of an] other Power, the whole produce of [that country] 
must center there, For our Merchants [will] always dispose of 
their Peltry or whatever the Country produces at Orleans, be- 
cause they get as good a price there, as if they were to ship them 
off. So little attention has been paid in order to render 
the Country in any means serviceable to us, for the expence it 
costs in keeping it ; that you would emagine pains had been taken 
to enduce the Inhabitants to remove from our side. There is no 
settled administration of justice, but the whole depends upon 
the mear will & fancy of the Off r Commanding the Troops ; and 
whose disposition is displeasing to all Ranks under his command, 
as well as an ensaciable desire to get money by any means ever 
so low. It's displeasing to me to give such a Character of [a 
Man of his] Rank, 1 but I am affraid it [will be found to be too] 

1 Lieutenant Colonel John Reed, of the 34th regiment, in command at 
Fort Chartres. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 195 

just, and from the treatment [the] French inhabitants there re- 
ceived, [most of them] has left us; And those who remains 
[seems] to be in a state of suspense whether to go off, or waite 
for a more favorable change. About Fort Chartres, where there 
was on our taking possession of that Country, a very pretty set- 
tlement, there is not now three family's, & them wretchedly 
poor At the Village of Kaskaskia there is indeed several, who 
supports themselves chiefly by Hunting & in performing Voyages 
to & from New Orleans, but none of those would I believe, 
remain, if their property & interest were not so materially con- 
cerned The Inhabitants of the Village of Caho which lyes about 
forty miles above fort Chartres are circumstanced in the same 
manner: But sure I am had that Country fallen under [the Com- 
mand & inspection of a sencible] & moderate Man, [we would 
have had, many] of the French settlers [come over to us] in 
place of Deserting us. 

In general the lands of the [Illinois are] pretty good, and no 
doubt capable [to produce] many necessary articles, if proper 
[attention] is paid to the Climate; yet perhaps there is not a 
River in the World, for its extent, [less] supplied with water 
falling into it; which induces me to believe it will never be 
thoroughly settled unless on the banks of the Rivers. And that 
will never happen with any advantage to England, unless we can 
procure the Ideal Island of New Orleans; I call it Ideal, because 
we have never yet been able to find water enough along the 
North East side of it, to transport a Canoe into Lake Ponchar- 
train, Except for about two months of the Year when the Mis- 
sisippi overflowes its banks, and furnishes many [Gully's of the 
same sort with Water. Yet could we find a] passage, for even 
small craft, [to go to sea, the] Country of the Illinois would [be 
worthy of] attention: But had we the [Island of] New Orleans, 
that Country in a [very] short time would I believe be equal to 
any of our Colonies. At present we are allowed the free Navi- 
gation of the River Missisippi, but the Spaniards may prevent 
us from Landing & we cannot Anchor a Vessell in the River, 

196 Sir William Johnson Papers 

but is obliged to make them fast alongside the Bank to trees. 
And from the Ibberville where the Island of Orleans begins, to 
the Town, it is near two hundred miles. 

From the above confused scetch you may easily conjecture 
what the Illinois will turn out to be. The only Port for exporta- 
tion, a foreign one, lyable to be put under many regulations to 
our dissadvantage, besides the encroachments they have it in their 
power [to make, to the pre] judice of our Colonic. [On the other 
hand] were we in possession [of New Orleans we] would 
have a fine har[bour in the Bay] of Mexico, & secure to ourselves 
[the produce] of a large & Extensive Country, [happy in a] 
Luxurient Soil, and which would [not] fail to be cultivated from 
the River Illinois to the Sea, ; And by the cultivation of the 
Fertile lands of the Missisippi, the Sea coast of this province 
would be of consequence and y e . Ports of Pensecola & Mobile 
would become I do believe flownshing places of Trade when on 
the conterary, they will remain inconsiderable in every Respect, 
and only a Reseptacle for Men of broken fortunes. 

But I have dwelt too long on this subject, to one who knows 
these circumstances much better, and who can judge with much 
more accuracy & perspecuity, than I dare pretend to. [The 
Court Martial] for the Tryal of Major Farmer 1 has been sit- 
ting] ever since my arrival in the [Province.] I heared the whole 
prosecution when [I was at] Pensacola, And there was not one 
[Evidence] said a thing in support of any of the many & heavy 
charges exhibited against him. And if I may be allowed to 
judge, I think Major Farmer has been greatly injured, by the 
mear surmise & chimera of a mans brain. 

Give me leave Sir to congratulate you on the safe arrival of 
Sir John, to whom I beg you will present my most Respectfull 
Compliments, as also to Cap*. Claws and Cap'. Johnson and their 

General Haldimand is well and made very kind enquiry for 

1 Major Robert Farmar, tried in West Florida on charges of mal- 
feasance, was acquitted on all counts. 

Post-War Period, / 763-1 774 197 

you, and expressed the satisfaction he had in hearing from you. 
I am sure I have tired your pacience & ought to be ashamed 
for troubling you with so long a Letter, but your known Good- 
ness embolden'd me. Who has the Honor to be Sir your much 
Oblieged and very Obedient Serv*. 

Geo Phyn 

[INDORSED: Mobile 1 5th April 1768 

From Lieut Phyn to S r W Johnson.] 

A. L. S. 

ForiChartresAp 1 . 1 8 lh : 1768 
Dear Sir 

I have this day wrote to M r . Croghan incloseing my Accounts 
for the last Six months which he doubtless Will forward to you 
and to which I refer you, — I think there is an absolute Neces- 
sity of Establishing a Post, at Post Vincennt, and to have Some 
one there in the Indian department its being the great path throu 
which all the Northward Indian pass, and a great place of 

There is now here M r . Rumsey who was formerly in the 42 d . 
Reg', and came with Cap'. Sterling when he took posession, he 
is now a going to Post Vincennt, 1 hav desired him to make all 
the observations he possible can with regard to the Trade being 
Carried on there, and the behavour of the Indians, I doubt not 
he would gladly accept of any Employment for that place — 
from his Knowledge of the Country and being well Acquainted 
with the Manners & Customes of Indians benefit 

might arrise from [ ] Certain Intelligence and puting 

] to the Illicit Trade carryed on [ 
Ouabach and preventing bad people Sowing Sedition among the 

198 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Nations by haveing Such a person there. My Compliments to 
Sir John and your Family and belive me to be 

D r . sir 
With the Utmost Respect 
Your mos 1 

Obe'. Hum e . Serv'. 

Edw d : Cole 
indorsed: Fort Chartres 18 April 1768 

Comis^. Coles Letter — 


A. L. S. 1 

New York April 18* 1768 
Dear Sir, 

I return you Thanks for your Letter of the 8 th Ins f in which 
came the Proceedings of your late Congress", an Acd. of Dis- 
bursements during said Congress & from Sep 1 , to March. Also 
an Ace 1 of Pay to sundry off rs . of your Department and Dis- 
bursements at the Posts. Warrants will be issued to discharge 
the two Accounts. 

The Perusal of the Proceedings I must confess has given me 
some Pleasure. The Indians have set forth their Grievances with 
sense, Firmness and Temper, and I am so convinced of the 
Justice of many of their Complaints, that I most sincerely hope 
they will meet with the Redress that is so justly due to them and 
I will do every thing which depends upon me to obtain it for 

It will not be possible to make Regulations Necessary to be 
adhered to in carrying on the Indian Trade which shall coincide 
with the Humour or views of every Trader, Such as the King has 
thought proper to make must of Course be observed, whatever 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 With the Six Nations, Canadian Indians and Cherokees, March 4-12. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 199 

may be the opinion of the Canada Traders respecting them. The 
orders you have given to M r . Roberts are certainly very proper, 
and will be of use if properly executed, Tho' we must expect 
Complaints of Partiality to some People more than others, for 
every Trader will conceive himself equaly entitled to the Benefit 
of the order, and that his Conduct and Character are as irre- 
prochable as his Neighbours. It was this that occasioned M\ 
Walker's Complaint to the Secretary of State, some of his vaga- 
bonds being refused Permission to go into the Indian Country, 
when Cap f . Howard had permitted a few Traders upon the Ap- 
plication of the Indians, to winter amongst them. If you can get 
the Indians to agree to it, a total Prohibition of Rum beyond 
the Posts, would undoubtedly produce very Salutary Effects. 
If that can't be brought about, a Limitation is the next best thing 
that can be done, and if the Indians can be induced to desire it, 
and fix the Qauntity they would have Sent in each Canoe, the 
Measure in my opinion should be immediately adopted and as 
soon as you shall settle it, I will Send orders to the Commanders 

I have already acquainted the Commander at Fort Chartres 
that I should not longer pay regard to his Certificates for Indian 
Expences, and therefore to be cautious of what he certifies and 
if you please to withdraw the Commissary from thence I shall 
protest the Commander's Bills if he does not retrench, the Ex- 
pences and that very considerably. I have ordered Colonel 
Reed up to Fort Pitt and the Command there will be left with 
Captain Forbes. Affairs go but ill on at such an immense Dis- 
tance, and I have found it Necessary also to order the Commis- 
sary of Provisions to be removed. The Indian Expences of that 
Place equal the rest of your Department without any visible 
Cause for it. At first taking Possession of Posts extraordinary 
Expences may be necessary, but there is no Reason to continue 

The Sooner M r . Magra goes to Canada the better, a very 
indifferent Subject, and I am glad he was Stoped at Niagara for 

200 Sir William Johnson Papers 

he might have done Mischief in going forward. I am certain 
he would have done no Good. 

Tho' pleased with the Expectations of seeing you in these 
parts, I am much concerned at the Cause of your Journey. You 
will do very right to try every Experiment you are advised to 
towards the Restoration of your Health. Bathing in the Sea 
has in many Cases done wonders and I hope you will meet with 
all the Benefit you expect from it. 

I am Dear Sir with great Regard 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage. 

Sir W m . Johnson Bar'. 
indorsed: April 18 th 1768 

From Gen 1 . Gage 

N. B. a Second rec d . of the same date. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York April 1 8* 1768 
Dear Sir, 

Since writing my first Letter of this Date the Packet is arrived 
with the Jan: 1 ^ Mail after an extraordinary long Passage and I 
send you by Express a Letter from Lord Shelburne which came 
under my Cover, on the subject of the Boundary Line to be run 
between the Provinces and the Lands of the Indians. As the 
Letter from the Lords of Trade to Lord Shelburne point out the 
Limits of this intended Boundary, of which you have no doubt 
a Copy inclosed in your Letter from His Lordship, I need not 
trouble you with it in this Letter. I am only now to trouble you 
for your advice and opinion concerning the best and most expe- 
ditious manner of putting this general Plan into Execution, and 
as I am directed to convey the Necessary Intelligence to the 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 201 

several Governors as soon as possible, that they may cooperate 
in a Measure so essential for the Security of the Provinces with 
Cordiality and Dispatch, you will be so good to acquaint me if 
there is any thing essential which you are desirous I should 
recommend to them in general, or to any particular Governor. 

I conceive that New-York, Pensylvania and Virginia are the 
only Provinces concerned in this Business, but that we are not 
to settle what Parts of these new Lands are to be assigned to this 
or that Province. That would be a work we should never End, 
for we could never bring the Governors to agree to any certain 
or fixed Limits between their respective Claims of Territory. 

Nothing further occurrs to me at present so I will not detain 
the Express 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 

Sir W m . Johnson Bar 1 . 
indorsed: April 18th 1768 

From Gen 1 . Gage 
with a Pacquet from the Ministry 
N B. another rec d . of the same date 

A. L. S. 

New York April 18K 1768. 


I am this Moment favor'd with your letter of the 8 th Ins'. & 
shall order the Commissions mentiond in it to be made out imme- 
diately; Whatever new Regulations you shall think necessary to 
be made for the new Plan we have adopted, I shall readily con- 
sent to, & as I expect no assistance from any other quarter I beg 
the favor of you to communicate your Sentiments freely to me. — 

202 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am extremely concern'd to find that your health is so bad, & 
beg that your Journey to the Sea Coast may not be deferr'd on 
my Ace 1 . ; If I can make my Expedition to the Mohawk River & 
return again by the latter end of June, it is all I propose, I would 
therefore contrive to take such an opportunity as to meet you then 
if it would suit your conveniency; I must therefore beg you will 
let me know, at what time you propose to come this way, & that 
you will command any Services I am capable of offering, for the 
conveniencies either of your Journey or Residence among us: 
Mr Wetherhead desir'd I would inform you that your Papers 
& Patents should be sent up by Pemberton, but I understand 
that he is saild without them, notwithstanding they have been 
ready for some time; I only mention this that you may see the 
Delay has not been occasion'd by the Offices through which they 
were to pass, I am with the greatest Regard & Esteem 

Y r most Obed 1 . & hum ble Ser ! . 

H: xMoore 
INDORSED: N York Ap 1 . 18 th 1 768 

From S r Henry Moore Bart 
Gov' of N York. 
Ans d April 23 d . 


D/. 1 

[Johnson Hall, April 23, 1768} 

] your Letter of the 1 0th ult°. in 
| your late Worthy L'. Governor whose death 


glad to find your resolutions in consequence of 

persuade myself they will be attended with the wished for 

1 nces and thereby the dangers with which the frontiers 

1 reatned thro' the Violence & misconduct of a few, happily 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 203 

] to Effect which all my Efforts and Influence shall be em- 
ployed, [ ] Last Month I Accomodated matters with the 
Indians in the best ]er I could on account of the late 
Murder of Ten of them in the [ ]vince of Penn- 
sylvania &ca and also procured a peace for the [Cherokees?] 
Which was subscribed to in my presence [ ] 
who attended Exceed? 800 Indians, but my fatigue with the Cold 
I caught upon that [ threw me into a severe fitt of 
Illness which obliges me to go ] Side for the recovery 
of my health, I am hopefull that I [ ] able to return before 
any steps are taken regarding the ] should it prove 
otherwise Col. Guy Johnson my Depy, [ ] act all Indian 
affairs during my absence, has directions [ 

] affair of the Boundary seems not rightly understood, 
] I received from the Ministry long since, & from 

of my Depy s . from London 

] boundary sho d . be settled in such Manner 

] Ind s . in addition to that already 

] Cession they were to have a 

] only terms the Northern 


the Ind s . [ 

troublesome business [ 

I find by the Extract [ 
Line run between Maryland & Pennsylvania [ 
That line being a private affair between [ 
no Connection with the Indians they [ 

Apprized of it Least they might entertain unjust Suspicions [ 
I have not heard | 

Stuart as yet about it but imagine from the 
Claims of the Northern Indians that they will [ 
v hose under that Gentlemans direction to ha [ 
Northw d of North Carolina, at Least | 
I shall do my utmost to procure the 

1 Lines burned off. 

204 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Line for your Province so as to terminate at the [ 

of Pennsylvania, but from the difficulty of Explain? these [ 

without a thorough knowledge of 

the Country I should be glad you would Send me | 

Survey at least of the frontiers from N. Carolina to Pennsylvania 

] cannot be procured here, th' very necessary [ 
Affair, as to the time & manner of which [ 
Lord Shelburne [ 
receive full Instructions by next [ 
shall be made acquainted 
delay I had [ 
Dispatches from which 
Amongst which [ 

] the Lords of Trade will [ 

] very far to the Southwd Yet as the Cherokee 

]way Riv r . to which they have Extended 

] best not to Extend the Claim of the Northern Ind s . 

] that River Seeing it is Liable to some dispute of which 

] write M r Stuart accordingly who will take such Measures 

for within his District — I shall Endeavor to get 

] the most Advantageous Manner 

from thence to the S. W. Corner of Pennsylvania 

] & the Ind s . shall be 
] Advised to come to the Treaty, — The Anguish occa- 
sioned by an ] a variety of Complaints arising from 
former fatigues &ca force me by [ Physici" to go to 
the Salt Water but I hope to be able [ ] within 3 Months, 
before which the Ind s . cannot be Assembled the mean- 
time you will please to Communicate any points necessary to 
Coll. Johnson to whom [ ] you will transmit the Map 
or Survey before mentioned. — 

I am, 


1 Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 205 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 392, is listed a draft of a letter, dated 
April 23, to Sir Guy Carleton, considering the objections of traders to 
trade regulations, aspersions on the commissaries, the charter of Indian 
traders and the sale of liquor to Indians. The fire badly injured this 
paper, which originally was difficult to decipher in many places by reason 
of erasures, interlineation and marginal insertions. 


[Guy Park, April 23, 1768] 

I the 4 th Inst arrived I was Very 
] of Answering it, but having Just recovered 
]eed on my Journey I was this day 
] by your Express with your favors of the 
] the inclosures. — 
] Lord Shelburne has inclosed me a Copy of the Letter 
rom [ ] Lords of Trade which is a recital of y e several 

reports transmitted to them at different times with regard to the 
Limits therein described they are pretty Exact, except their be- 
ginning at Owegy, 2 which on a reperusal of my Letters to their 
Lordships they will find was not so Easily agreed to, there 
being much opposition made to it by some of the Nations on accot 
of their Tribes living within them Limits Nevertheless I hope to 
obtain their general agreement to it at the final settlement of these 

The only method I know of for carrying this Plan | 
Execution will be to Assemble all the Indians concerned | 
which Number besides the Six Nations & the Senecas of Ohio 
the Shawanese, & [Del]awares, tho their dependents should be 
considered, as some ] lands actually belonged to them 

formerly and as their Pennsylvania and Virginia, 

makes their perfect | necessary — at the same time 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 See map in v; 286 from Dpc. Rel to Col Hist, JV, Y,, 8: opposite 3) , 

206 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I think the Governm ,s . [ ] are those you have 

[ ] no concern in it) should be 

] consulted on such points as may affect them & 

[ ] may if they 


will be avoided and afterwards 
the Limits so agreed 
Province may Enact Laws ] 
making it felony to any who [ 
encroaching beyond them, I cannot [ 
to be done by the Colonies [ 
be Transacted by the Superlntendant [ 
doubtless Write upon these heads to the Govern [ 
concerned, as I purpose to do, I have already rece[ 
from M r Blair who at present holds the [ 
of Virginia relative thereto wch I have answered [ 
And desired a Map or Survey of that frontier, as I sh[ 
of the rest, it being Extremely necessary at the Set[ 
the Affair with the Indians ; — that Province is desi [ 
its Line terminate at the S. W. corner of Pennsylvania [ 
will be agreed to, as to determining the parts to [ 
to this or that Province I am intirely of your opinion [ 
be very difficult to bring it to a Conclusion, however if the Vir- 
ginia [ | where I have Mentioned, it may be adjusted 
with [ taking the parts which fall witin their 
respective [ ] 

The Provinces can be soon Consulted but [ 
Least three Months to Assemble all the | 
which time I am in hopes I shall be [ 
it, if not my Depy here w [ 
Likewise transact all other | 

At present I cannot | 
necessary Excep[ 

Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 207 


] much of the [ 

| of your Opinion that [ 
] tions for the Indian Trade agreable to [ 

Trader. The General Interests o 
| the Security of Peace on the frontiers is what alone 
jsued. My Deputy has directions to address you 
| heads, and is acquainted with all the Affairs of the 

M r Cole's account is great indeed, and since I find by 
one | ] Letters that there is no Prospect of his re- 

trenching I think it best to withdraw him, as to what may be 
given as Reasons | | admitting them unless the Securing 

the Numerous Tribes in that Quarter to our interest, preventing 
them from withdrawing, and receiving & entering into Treatys 
with So many Nations who [ ] before strangers to us, or 

something like that may be Considered [ ] such and the 

Governmt. may be advised that such Expences [ ] will 

Abate for the future. 

I am advised to go by way of N England for the benefit of 
Exercise in travells by Land, & so to the East [ | of Long 

Island, or some place that way in order to enjoy [ the 

benefit of the Air as well as some Ease & Retirement It [ 
be a real pleasure to me could I wait upon you, but in case 
| deprived of an Opportunity, The Affairs of the De- 
partment | | such a Manner in the hands of Coll Johnson 
that I | myself nothing will be neglected, and you will 
be pleased this or on any other Subject to signify 
your thoughts | | Be assured Dear Sir, that I am always 
] Regard 

Your &ca 

1 Lines burned off. 

^0& Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

New York 25* April 1768 
Dear Sir 

You will receive some Letters from Missilimakinak, which 
came here last Night by way of Fort Pitt. I find by my own 
from that Quarter that Major Rogers is apprehended, and as he 
must be tryed, M r . Roberts should have notice to appear as an 
Evidence against him in Support of what he accused Him of in 
his Letter to M r . Guy Johnson Copys of which have been trans- 
mitted to the Secretary of State. He should also endeavor to 
procure all other Evidence that can in any Shape tend to prove 
Major Rogers's Designs of Treason by abandoning and Desert- 
ing his Post and retiring to the French and Indians, after plun- 
dering all the Traders. Also his Intrigues and mismanagement 
of the Indians, and Disobedience of his orders and Instructions. 
The Bills he has drawn of which a List may be got will prove 
the last part. 

I have a Letter from Cap'. Turnbull 2 of which I mean to send 
you some extracts by next Opportunity ; The mail is making up 
for the Packet and I have not time to say more at present, but 
that I find the Indians on the Lakes are troublesome and some- 
thing must be done to make them quiet. Major Rogers lays 
strong accusations against M r . Roberts. I hope he will have no 
more Quarrells with the Commanders of the Posts. 

I am with great Regard 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

Humble servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M Johnson Bar*. 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Captain George Turnbull, of the 60th regiment, in command at Detroit. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 209 

indorsed: New York Apl 25 th 1 768 

From Gen 1 . Gage 

with inclosures concer g M r Rogers 


Schenectady April 25 th 1768 

| this place on my Way to the sea 
| favor of the 1 8 th inst and am much obliged 
| Approbation of my Choice of Officers, and for your 
] New Arrangements to me. — 
My present hurry will not permit me to write fully on 
| points Col. Johnson who is apprized of my sentiments will 
] communicate any thing necessary and will inclose 
| a List of those Capts, & Subalt ns . whom I beg leave to 
recom d . [ ] to your Excell c y. — 

My Indisposition has reduced me so low that I am 

Ordered to lose no time in going to the Salt Water, with which 

] necessitated to Comply tho' it deprives me of the pleasure 

| you for sometime as my Rout will be thro' N England 

| Islands about New London, where I shall endeavor to be 

as possible, in order to relax after the hurry & fatigue 

] lately undergone, I shall probably be absent 2, or 3 

[monjths, and it would afford me singular pleasure if I could 

meet | | my return, but if this is inconvenient Col Johnson 

will [ | thing needfull on your Excell c y s arrival 

]wise Write you forthwith Concerning the Boundary 

] my Dispatches Just received his Majesty orders me 

| will please to signify your thoughts to him on the 

] before you. 

Mr Van Ranslaer has had the promised 
| from your Excell c y to Consist 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

210 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] of Horse will be Vacant 


far North as the [ 
the Colonels Commissions, [ 
Necessary, they had best [ 
which I shall Issue & hope you [ 

On these and all other Subjects | 
Your Excell c y, I have only to regret th[ 
at present as not only to deprive me of an op [ 
enlarging upon them, but also of the pleasure [ 
Myself from Your Excell c y s . Visit about this time 

Permit me, Sir, to assure you of the Sense I [ 
Obliging favors which I would gladly acknowledge 
every opportunity that Offers, and that I am [ 
utmost Esteem 

Sir, &c 

Route to New London 

From Albany to Fitchs 8 

Kinderhook Mills 


Lovejoys at Nobletown 
Then over the Taconick Mountain 
to Capt Spurrs at Egremont, but 
Barrington which is near it is 
a better Stage. 

Thence to the Nof 

Sheffield [ ] 

[ *] 

Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 211 


A. L. S. 1 

New York May 3 ih - 1768 


I have received your Letter of 23 d . of April from Guy Park 
where you received the Express with your Letters by the last 
Packet with the Jan f y Mail. 

Sir Henry Moore has seen Lord Shelburne's Letter to me with 
the Report of the Board of Trade to His Lordship on the sub- 
ject of the Boundary Line to be run to divide the Limits of the 
Provinces from the Indian hunting Grounds. And is of opinion 
that the Province of New-York is not concerned in it. The 
Line as described in the Report is to begin at Owegy. No men- 
tion is made about the Western Boundarys of New York 
Province or hinted that it extends to Owegy. and I believe there 
is no doubt that the whole Line from Owegy to some Miles 
below Fort Pitt will fall within the Province of Pensylvania 
and if Maryland has nothing to claim within the Tract to be 
ceded by the Indians on the Settlement of the Limits, it appears 
that the whole Tract will be divided between Pensylvania and 

All Nations who have Pretensions should certainly be con- 
sulted and treated with on this occasion which may prevent Dis- 
putes with any of the Nations in time to come. 

Tho' there may be Differences between the Provinces about 
their respective Limits, with each other, yet with respect to the 
Indians, the Line is so bounded by Rivers, that there seems 
Nothing left to Dispute with them unless it may be in the Line 
to be drawn from the West Branch of Susquehanna to Kittaning 
unless some Natural Marks shall be found to describe that part 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass, 

212 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of the Boundary in such manner as not to admit of Doubt, or 
Chicane. Disputes may arise about it hereafter. Whether the 
Provinces will enact Such Laws as you mention to make it 
Felony for any Persons to encroach beyond the Boundary Line, 
is doubtfull particularly with respect to Virginia, Pensylvania 
has already done something of the kind and may do it again, but 
if they do not put the Laws in Force, they had better make none 
and all the good I can foresee from the present Boundary is, that 
it will stop the Clamors of the Indians for a short time. The 
Crown will be put to an immense Expence which the Provinces 
should bear, the wound is only skinned over and not probed to 
the Bottom. If means are not fallen upon to protect the Indians 
in their Persons and Propertys, it matters little where the 
Boundarys are fixed. The frontier People have now trans- 
gressed them, have neither been effectualy removed or punished 
for their Encroachments, and when the proposed Limits shall be 
fixed, I despair not of living long enough to hear that they have 
transgressed them also. 

The Provinces concerned I imagine will not hesitate to send 
Commissarys to attend the running of the Line and to ratify the 
Agreement in such Manner as shall be required As to the Line 
of Virginia terminating at the S: W: Corner of Pensylvania, I 
apprehend that to be a Matter between the two Provinces, the 
Indian Boundary is to run down the Ohio as far as the great 
Kanahwa, and the Country between that River and the sea I 
understand is to be ceded by them, to the English in general, it 
matters not to them to which Province it is to be distributed. 

It would be proper to make some Conjecture of the sum that 
will be wanted to finish these Transactions before it is immedi- 
ately demanded, as the Contractors should have notice to pre- 
pare for Such a Demand and it may be worthy Consideration 
whether the Indians should be paid at once or in different Pay- 
ments we must expect a great deal of Debauchery amongst 
them as long as the Money lasts, and little hunting. And I fear 
that we shall find it difficult to restrain the Traders from going 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 213 

amongst them, who will be tempted to risk every thing as long 
as the Indians have a Penny left to spend. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir W m Johnson Baronet, 

INDORSED: May 3 d 1 768 

From Gen 1 . Gage with 

a pacquet from the Secy of State. 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 393. is listed, under Burnets Field, May 6, 
Colonel John Jost Herchheimer's return of persons chosen for officers of 
his battalion (erroneously dated May 6, 1767; printed in the Third 
Annual Report of the New York State Historian, p. 848.) 


D. 5. 

[May 7, 1768] 

] King's most Excellent Majesty 
May it please your Majesty, 

In obedience to your Majesty's Commands, signified to Us 
by the Earl of Hillsborough, One of Your Majesty's principal 
Secretaries of State, in his Lordship's Letter of the 20 th of 
February last, we have taken into Our Consideration the humble 
Petition of certain persons, whose Names are thereunto sub- 
scribed, praying for the Reasons therein contained, that your 
Majesty would be graciously pleased to make a Grant to them 
of all Mines discovered, or to be discovered in the Country 
adjacent to [Lake] Superior; and having been attended by 
] and heard what they had to [ their 

petition we beg [ 

1 Lines burned off. 

214 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Article of great [ ] Manufactures and Com[ 

Kingdom; and as there is gr[eat reason?] to believe from the 
Reports the Country described in the peti[tion 

that it does abound with Mines [of] Copper Ore of a very rich 
and valuable Quality, we are of Opinion, that 
would be very adviseable to give reasonable Encouragement to 
the discovery and working of such Mines to persons of Substance 
and Ab[ ] under such Restrictions and Regulations] 

as shall be judged expedient for [your] Majesty's Interest and 
Adv[ ] But as the System, adopted [ 

Majesty's Proclamation [ October 1 763, does [ 

Establishment ] Country 

[ '] 

]pear, from the Represen-[ ] of the 

present Temper and [ ]tion of the Indians, to be in a 

precarious state, and to make it prudent to avoid all Measures, 
that can possibly operate to encrease the Jealousy and Discontent 
of the Savages, we are humble of Opinion, that any Deter- 
mination upon the prayer of this Petition should be suspended 
for the present, and that Copies of it should be transmitted to 
the Commander in Chief of your Majesty's Forces in America 
and to Sir William Johnson," with direction to make a full 
Enquiry into the Facts alleged and the practicabilty of 
the proposals made in the said Petition, and to report 
their Opinion, what Effects the Execution of this Measure 
would probably have as to your [ ] Interests 

with respect to the [ ] biting that Country, and by 

]ght be induced to [ 

[ '] 

would be necj the Advantages 

1 Lines burned off. 

" See letter of Johnson to the Earl of Hillsborough, December 20, 
1768, Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:920-23; Q, 2:533-34, and Doc. Rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:140-42. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 215 

the Proposals made by [ ] in Case your Majesty 

should | ] further Consideration think [ 

adviseable to comply therewith. ] Which is most 

humbly Su[ 

Whitehall \ Clare 1 
May 7 th . 1768 J Soame Jen[yns] 

J. Dyson 


of Trade dated May 7 th . 
1 768. on a Petition for 
a Grant of Copper Mines 
near Lake Superior. 

A. L. S. 

Philad". Ma)) 8* 1768 

One of us expected to have been in New York immediately 
after the Receipt of your last Favor, In Respect to [ 
Coles two Accounts, — - But He was taken very ill and [ 
Ever since been confined to his Chamber; — Wherefore We 
] to M r Alarturin, The General's Secretary, to know 
Whether his Excellency the General would be pleased to give 
Us a Warrant for the Amount of Them, as We were in extreme 
Want of [Money.] — Just Now, We have been favored With 
an Answer [ M r Maturin, Wherein He is pleased to 

inform Us | ] upon Receipt of your Letter addressed the 

General Upon | Subject and He seems inclinable to 

grant a Warrant | ] William Johnson for the Amount of 

those Dis [burse] ments, — You must Therefore settle With Sir 
William ] the availing yourselves of the Warrant, 

When | | For as the Money is made payable to Sir 

William signs Only, The Authority for receiving it, 

Must [ ] Him." 

Robert Nugent, Viscount. 

216 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] knows Our Situation. We shall not There- 
] with a Repetition of Our very urgent 
j y — But Only beg, as a most singular 
] will be pleased, if practicable, by the 
] To be so kind as to send Us your 
] of the General's Warrant And 
That you will transmit your Letter and Order to Us, | 
Cover to Robert Leake Esquire Commissary General of [ 
There to be left, Until called for, as One of Us shall \ 
of this Week, proceed to New York to receive the Money. 
We have no News as yet from M r . Croghan. 
We are with the highest Respect & Esteem 

Y r . most Obedient And much 

Obliged Servant 
Baynton Wharton & Morgan 
[ ] son, Bar*. 

INDORSED: From [ ] 

Wharton &c concerng Cash &c 
Ans wd . 23 d . Ins*. 


A. L. S. 

Nerv York 9 th . May 1768 
This Morning the two Inclosed Warrants [ ] 7.7 

& £1397.6.414 Sterling came to hand, which M r . [MortierQ 
who is gone a little way out of Town) desired me to [ 
you by this Post with the Receipts, which I have [ ] ingly 

done; he has paid on your Account, since that [ Jmitted 

to You, Your drafts in favor of M r . Wetherhead for £100 
[ ] Wallace £130.1.714 M' Phyn £112:11.41/2 Cur?. 

& to Dan 1 Campbell [ ]00 Sterling. 

I am, with great Regard 

Your most Obedient & 
most Humble Servant 

W M Newton 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



returned y e . [ 
Ans rd . June 7 th .- 


[May 9, 1768] 


[Capts] Lieut 5 . Ensigns 

] Petrus V. Der Caleb Truax 
] Swits John R. Myn- Harmanus A. 
derse V.Slyck 

JWimpel JacobA.Vroo- Barent Myn- 
man derse 

] Bradt Carel H : Toll Theunis Swart 
Samuel V John M : Myn- Garret N. Vee- 

Slyck derse der 

John Beptist Nicholas P. Walter Is: 
Wendel Veeder Vrooman 


Samuel Tyms Myndert Wim- Harmanus H 

pel Wendel 

] 68.— Ret d . May 1 769 
] Wilson John Brown And w . Mc- Benj n . Young 

] Slyck Ab m Outhout Ab m . G. Lan- Law ce . Myn- 

singh derse 

] V Slyck John Vrooman John Van Arent Albertsc 

Vorst Jun r . Vedder. 


Regmts of Militia — 

1 As shown by the Johnson Calendar, the lines burned off indicated a 
return of the officers to have commissions under Colonel Jacobus V. Slyck 
for the township of Schenectady. 

218 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York I Oth May 1768 

[ ] your kind favour of the 4 th April, but 

] this month: The Contents of which have 
] I have Sent your Letters which Came by [ 
[Cartwri]ght, desiring him to keep them till you returned 
[ ] to Send them with all possible Expedition 

] Hall ; The Packett arrived here on Thursday Morning 

] thence forward in a Sloop with a fair Wind, & I 

imagine [ ] Albany — if I have Erred in this particular, 

I am sorry for it, but I assure you Sir I acted for the best & New 

] what to do about them ; I will write up to Capt Guy about 

] Post — They Seem to be Letters from private hands by 
the | ] ; there were but 2 of them ; One from the same person 

you [ ] from by the last packet, & the other was directed 

in a | | Manner to you, so that I hope neither of them are of 

so much [ | as to make you Uneasy for the Want of them — 

] have this Day Sent me the Enclosd Letter from the Post 
office where ] I cant learn from the Office; but least it 

should have come from [ | the Liberty of Sending it to you 

according to your Directions Sir William you will not 

be Angry with me, your 2 pattents are [ ] but not yet Sent, 

they go by Capt Farrell, who I have for Some | for that 

purpose, the Old Gentleman positively Says he will go 
Days — it is very true they have been ready for Some Time 
past | | Sent to you immediately; but the Cause of 

the Delay, I will | ] as I can, even to my own prejudice — 

it has however neither | | Governors, nor that of Any of 

the Offices ; I will however | | it to your Satisfaction, when 

I shall have the ]bee on your Return to Johnson Hall, 

till | | to think Evil of me, for I really do not | 

last week, & have at last Met 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 219 

] I have purchased 


because the Woman [ 

to Run an imprudant Risk of 

On Fryday I received a Letter [ 
had Sent you Accounts to the Amount of 
into rny hands as soon as possible as he has 
of the Money; I shall therefore be very much obliged | 
his Request as Soon as Convenient, in order that I may [ 
my own Acceptance for the Above Money — I wish with | 
was done, I have Bills upon" for £1000, all payable the | 
of what has been laying in my Counter ever since January | 
of them away & have been obligd to pay them all myself [ 
hard, However the Colonell coud not help the Disapointment 
] blame him in the least; He tells me he is very well & 
will [ ] 

There is not a Syllable of News by the packetts, only that 
[Wilkes] is pardoned by the Interposition of the Duke of Bolton 
or Bedford [ ] which — I forgott to tell you that I received 

a Letter from M r [Kempe] which I likewise Sent enclosd to 
Cartwright on fryday last [ ] doing excessive well <k 

doubts not but He Shall Succeed in 1 beyond his 

Wishes ; Lord Hillsborough has behaved to him | ] & has 

really espoused his Interest, so that I think he is 

I am afraid of being too late for the post so must | 
wishing you most Sincerely all imaginable Advantages 
to the Eastward, I am only sorry we are not to See you | 
Ourselves — I remain most Sincerely 

Sir Your most obliged [ 

John [Wetherhead] 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar' 
to the Care of M r Chew, post Master in 
New London 

1 Lines burned off. 

2 Croghan is the name omitted. 

220 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York, May 13* J 768 

As I am shortly going to leave america [I take] this oppor- 
tunity to return you my [sin] cere thanks for the civility s you 
were pleased to shew me I go directly to London \ | should 
be happy to execute any commands [you] may please to honour 
me with. 

As I find it is vain to search longer [for] the lands I am en- 
titled to by his Majestys mandamus, I propose representing to 
my | ] Hilsborough (who was so kind as to get [ 

my disappointment, oweing to the [ ] any value being 

already occupied; [ ] authority would be with his 

Lord-[ ] able I should take it Sir [ favour] that you 

would write him a few lines only to assure [him of] the truth 
of that assertion, & of my [inability] to profit by the favour he 
was pleasd to [ ] on me, as I have reason to hope his 

Lord [ ] will make me amends by other means. Sir as 

you are most capable of judging of [the] propriety of my request 
to you, I have [ ] to beg that you will pardon my | 

if its improper, & if not the favour of [ ] compliance. I 

have the honour to 

Subscribe myself [with] 
the utmost [Respect] 
Sir Your Very [ 
& humble Ser[vant] 

J D E Bern[iere] 

INDORSED: N York May 13 th . 1768 — 

M r . Berniers Letter rec d . by 
M r . Croghan June 14 th . 1768 

on Fishers Island 
I would answer it but heard he 
was Sailed 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 221 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 393, is entered a list of persons recom- 
mended for captains and subalterns in the new regiments of militia foot 
raised for the western parts of Albany county (printed in Third Annual 
Report of State Historian of New York, p. 890-9 1 ) . The original was 
much injured by fire. The indorsement is as follows: 

May the 14. th 1768 

Return to Sir H : Moore of 
* officers for Col. Vanderheydens 

Vanslyk's Johnson's & Claus's 

Regim. ts — 


A. L. S. 

[New York May 14, 1768] 

from New London & in Consequence 

] adressed to Mr Chew, least you Shoud 

Vessell arrives — I have Sent you 2 lb Rappee 

] Constable tells me you will remain Some Time 

] a good Deal of Difficulty I have got you 2 Doz Old 

Lisbon?] a private Gentleman upon Condition I replace it with 

Madeira, wch I have agreed to do rather than you 

Shoud be [ ] I think it darnd extravagant at the Same 

Time [not] help myself, as there is no Such thing in this City as 

old Lisbon [ ] Very few private Gentlemen have it. — 

I am very glad to hear from my Friend Constable, that we 
may have hopes [ ] you this Way on your Return ; I shall 

be happy to See you Sir William [ ] insist on your 

remaining with me all the Time you stay here ; I am told [ 
been a little frightened at the Thoughts of being plagued with 
a great [ & living too fast — do not be afraid Sir 

William — I live like [ ] You shall have every thing 

your heart Can wish for; but no[ eat] or drink what you do not 
chuse — & I think if you Stay with me be teazd with 

any Company but Such as you will like to See it might [ 

222 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you Suspect at a publick House or at Lodgings ; but while I write 
] of your extreme Delicacy you will probably be mak- 
ing Some [ ] about Trouble &c a — Shoud this be the 
Case — permitt me to tell [ J that too with the utmost 
Cordiality — that my House is at your [ that I shall 
Consider it as an honour to have you with me ; my Wife [ 
I shall not be happy if you go any where Else — If this [ 
confute your Scruples — Come & See — I know well your 
presence ] to Severall of your friends, who wish you 
as well as they do [ | Jaunt on the Sea Bass banks & all 
that ] Clergy say it will be for the Good of your soul 
Thoughts of Business for as long a Time as you 
] kind you have yet amongst a parcell of 
] will hinder any Benefit you 

[ /] 

in endeavouring your Cure [ ] think of spending 

all your Time amongst [the "canting, hypocritical Yankys"] 
a little of it for a few men & Christians [ 
yourself — 

I yesterday Saw Colonel Robinson, He tells [me the govern- 
ment is] going to Send over a Regiment of Light Dragoons in 
] Riots, which are expected; it Seems the Bostonians 
threaten [ ] of Sport, provided the Duty Acts are not 

repealed immediate [ly the Remonstrances they have 

already Sent home to the Throne [ ] See the Consequence 

& if it does not turn out to their Satisfaction [ 1 informd 

they intend to Ship all the Commissioners home to England [ 
M r James Otys, who is at present a presbyterian Moderator, will 
] of the Boston Forces, in order to putt the above 
Quicotism in Execution 

There is a Certain M r Peter Remsen here who teazes my 

] where you are and what you are doing it Seems he is 

Attorney for the | ] great patent, he goes up to Settle that 

Matter with the Indians | | Governor, he has been bother- 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 223 

ing my head this Morning with a ] Plans — He Says 

He yesterday met with a prize — Viz 1 a patent [ ] the 

Great One, which expressly mentions the Canada Creek or Kill 
Tweghtoninde Creek which makes the Bounds of their 
Patent Virtu [ where that Creek empties itself into the 

Mohawk, So that now [ ] their bounds indisputably 

Ascertaind; between the forementioned [ the whole 

Mchawke Nation & that they will not give up an [ ] they 

have all along claimed from the Head of Saraytoga Creek [ 
of Canada Creek, which they insist was always calld Twegh[ 
in their Patent, So that he has Settled the whole Matter [ 
I believe I shall go up with the Governor on about the [ 
what I can make of the Affair of the Vac[ 
provided the Indians will be Steady in [ 
I have already wrote up to have the [ 
they should be agreed with about the [ 
the Governor has all along prom[ 
they will not Sell it to [ 

[ '] 


] a Letter for you at the post office Charged £2.18,2 
from some part of the [ I have ordered them to Send it 

up by this Post to Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 2 

New London 1 5 th . May 1768 

Your favour of the 9 th . Ins*. I received at this place, and am to 
inform You that the 111 State of my health for some time past, 
oblidged me to leave home in hopes of recovering it in some 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

224 Sir William Johnson Papers 

measure by a Relaxation from business, Exercise & change of 
Air, Diet & ca ., and as I cannot (with any prospect of Success) 
think of returning soon enough to procure You the necessary Evi- 
dence in the Affair of Klock, I must request that the Trial be 
postponed till the next Court, when, I shall be properly prepared, 
and appear myself as an Evidence against him in such Matters 
as will shew him not only a bad Man but a verry dangerous 
Person. If you have anything farther to add on that Subject, or 
on any other, I shall be glad to have the pleasure of a line from 

As I am Sir, Your Welwisher 

& verry Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
James Duane Esq r . — 

A. L. S. 

[Charles] Town 17* May 1768 

] I am to return you my Thanks for your favour 
] March with a Copy of such Part of the Congress 
]late to the Bussiness of the Cherokees and Duplicate 
of the Treaty signed by the Parties, all which were safely de- 
livered to me by M r Watts, who with Ouconnastotah and Cor- 
rinnah arrived here the 28 th Ultimate and proceeded on their 
Journey home the 5 th Instant. 

Ouconnastotah expressed a gratefull Sense of your kind Treat- 
ment, and is throughly convinced that his Nation is indebted to 
your Influence for the Peace which they have obtained from the 
Six Nations and Seven confederate Tribes of Canada, and here 
permit me to acknowledge an Obligation for the Civilities shown 
him and my Friend Attakullahkulla ] the Latter will 

be successfull in his Negotiation [ the Shawnese Dela- 

warrs & Mingos; espescially ] accompanyed by an 

Escort of his new Friends, treat under the Media- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 lib 

tion of M r Croghan. [ ]h Inhabitants of all the Pro- 

vinces [ ] governable and blind to their own [ 

Rupture with the Indian [ ]ed & the greatest 


do not attend to [ 

It is but very lately that [ 

the Province of Virginia, [ 

to the Cherokee Nation for | 

Murthered in cool Blood, without [ 

of Provocation by some Inhabitant 

of that Province in 1765, and you m[ 

how difficult a Matter it has been to 

Indians from taking Revenge in that | 

unprovoked and inhuman Murther of ten | 

Indians by Stump must have given you [ 

but I hope the Measures you have pursued | 

the bad Consequences, which otherwise might 

been expected from it. 

The overhill Cherokee Towns contin [ 
harrassed by Parties of the Western Indians j 
& piankishaws and other Tribes from 
and western Lakes, who kill red and | 
indiscriminatly. On the 1 7 th ultimate | 
and scalped two Traders & wounded 
say that those Indians have killed m[ 
in the Woods. 

The small Hatchet, wh [ 
mentioned at the Congress 
has killed and taken [ 
They also [ 


] I received a Letter from John [Blair the 

President] of Virginia, covering Copy of a Earl 

of Shelburne, containing His Majestys J tive to 

1 Several lines missing. 


226 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Continuation of the boundary Line [ ] to the West- 

ward of that Province, and for to [corresjpond with you and me 
upon that Service. I [im]mediatly despatched Directions to M r 
Cameron Commissary in the Cherokee Nation to make those 
Indians acquainted with his Majesty's said Order and to agree 
upon a certain Time to meet the Commissioners of Virginia at 
Colnel ChisswelFs Mine in order to proceed upon said Service, 
when I receive an Answer from M r Cameron I shall communi- 
cate to you their determination with respect to the Time. I ac- 
quainted the Cherokee Warriors of this Matter at their return 
from New York, which gave them great Satisfaction. 

The Letter you mention which you did me the Honour to 
write me of 24 1 ' 1 April 1 767 never [ ] to Hand. If in 

future you will be pleased to address | ] Letter for me to 

Mess rs Reade & Yates Merchants at N York [or Captajin 
Maturin the General's Secretary, it ]ly be safely 

forwarded to me 

Honour of being 

i ] 

] most obedient & 
[ ] Ser 

[ ] 

A. L. S. 1 

New York May 21 '*, 1768 


I was in great hopes I should before this have had the honor 
of delivering you the inclosed with my own hands; but being 
disappointed, I now deliver them to our Friend M r Witherhead. 
who promises to forward them by the first opportunity. 

The Letter from the Society I dare say will be agreeable to 
you. If it should contain any determination concerning the late 

In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 227 

D r Barclays House, you will oblige me by leting me know what 
it is. The Secretary in his Letter to me is silent on that subject. 
I hope Your Tour to the Eastward has intirely restored your 
Health; for the continuance of which you have Sir, the sincere 
prayers of Your much obliged & 

Most Ob r humble serv 1 

Samuel Auchmuty. 
Sir W m Johnson 

INDORSED: N York May 21 st 1768 

Doctor Auchmutys Letter 

A. L. S. 

[New York] 22 May 1768 

I ] 

] pleasure of receiving your very Agreable 

[orders] to which you may be Assurd I will [ 

Post & desire him to Send me down Mr [ ] may 

transmit them to You — Tho' As I wrote him [ 

the same purport. I am in hopes I Shall hear from | 

Affair in a few Days — I am a good deal Surprisd 

Received the Articles I Sent you, they were putt on bourd 

JCapt. Lattimers] Sloop 2 Days after I received your Orders 

& He told me [ ] sail immediately — they were directed 

to Mr Chew, to whom [I a lejtter desiring him to forward 

them to you immediately provided [you did] not happen to be 

at New London at the Time of his Arivall taken 

Notice of your Orders by this Letter, you may be [ 

every Article Shall be Sent you by the Very first Sloop, which 

] Day look about — 

[The] Governor is gone up to Albany this Morning by Land 

along [with Billy] Bayard — He Stays a Day or two at 

228 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Albany & then goes up [to Johnson] Hall, He will finish his 
Business there & from thence go up to [ ] in order 

to take a View of the Country on both Sides the [Mohawk] 
river — He Seems to be very happy to think He Shall be able 
[to settle the] Affair of the Kaiaderosseras patent, but hinted 
to me | the Patentees must moderate their Lines & not 

make them [ so j farr, however Will Smith has been very 

busy with him & He has influenced the Governor 

Something in the favour of [the patentees by] what He Shewed 
me upon the Map. He means to let them [ from 

Canada Creek to the Head of Sayondaga Creek [ 
Small patents already settled, Viz, Wi [ ] from the 

Head of Sayondaga Creek [ ] North & so go to 

the falls on hudsons [river ] will be a large Vacancy to be 
[ ] This I find is [ ] 

[ ] 

very well pleased to have [ ] but He made me no 


I have a packett from your friend [Doct'r Auchmuty] I will 
Send it by the Sloop, as it is [ ] Postage — So till 

I write you again with [ ] to Subscribe myself with 

great Truth 

Sir Your most Obed' Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar' 
at Mr Chew's posmaster in 
New London 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 229 

A. Df. S. 1 

New London May 23 d 1768 


Your favour of the 8 th Cur 1 was delivered to me yesterday 
by an Express from Johnson Hall. 

I am extremely sorry for the Disappointments you have met 
with in y r dealings with M r Cole, owing chiefly to the Irregular 
method he at first pursued. 

I now flatter myself, that, as his last Acc ls were Vouched by 
the Commds officer, there will be no objection made by the 
General to the Granting a Warr 1 for the Amt of both but depend 
upon it that such large, Acc ,s will not be allowed of for the time 
to come. 

I shall write the General again by the Next Post from Hence, 
for a Warr*, w h , according to the Form kept up by him must be 
made payable to me or my Assigns, then the Warrant, with Sets 
of Receipts will be sent by M r Mortier to me to Endorse & Sign, 
& as that will occasion some delay, & Probably a disadvantage 
to You (which I would by all means in my power prevent, I 
now enclose You an order on M r Mortier, & Shall write him 
also on the Subject, So that I am hopefull You will not longer 
be disappointed but receive the Money as scon as the Warrants 
are granted, which would afford me much Satisfaction, as I am 
with much Esteem 

Gen 1 Y rs & ca 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 

INDORSED: N London May 23 d 1768 

Letter to Baynton Wharton & Co 
& Abr m Mortier Esq r w th Copy of an order on the 

1 From a copy made before the fire, printed in Collections of Illinois 
State Historical Library, 16:290-92. 

230 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. Df. S. 

New London 23 May 1768. 

M r Edward Cole Cornish for Ind n Trade at the liinois Drew 
upon me some time ago favour of Messrs Baynton Wharton & 
Morgan Merc ts of Philadelphia, for the Am 1 of two halfyears 
Acc ts to the 25 th Sept br last, these Acct s are now in General 
Gages possession As Soon as he passes Warrants for the pay- 
ment of them, I shall sign one & the receipts here. As the above 
mentioned Gentlemen must have Suffered a good deal of incon- 
veniency by the Detention of so considerable a Sum for so long 
a time, I have (in order to enable them to receive it as soon as 
possible) now given them a Draft upon You for that Sum, w h 
I hope You will soon be enabled to discharge. I shall be glad 
to hear that my last letter from hence got safe to y r hands, and 
also that You provide the most portable Cash for paying to my 
Son the Ball: of my Ace 1 w th you. I am with the most cordial 

Sir Y rs &« 

Abr m Mortier Esq r 

least I should fall short here of money, I have drawn upon 
Y r fav r Mr Wetherhead for £ 1 00 w 1 ' Please to Send me in York 


Copy 1 

New London, May 23 d 1768 


Please to pay unto Mess rs Baynton Wharton & Morgan of 
Philadelphia, or to their order, the Amount of M r Edward 
Coles two halfyears Acct s of Disbursements to Ind s , His own 

1 In Johnson's handwriting. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 231 

Salary as Cornish there, & that of the Smith Interpreters & ca 
to the 25" 1 of last September, & that, as Soon as convenient, after 
General Gage has granted Warrants for the Same; & charge it 
to Ace* of Your Humble Serv*. 

Copia Vera 
Abr m Mortier Esq r 


A. L. S. 

Philadelphia, May 24 1768 

[I] have received your Favors of Feb. 29 th . and [March 
II th .?] giving an Account of the Disposition of [the Indi]ans 
and the good Effects which the Presents of [conjdolance from 
this Government Produced. The Pains you have taken in con- 
vincing them of our Friendship and Generosity towards them are 
very Obliging and I am in Hope, that through the Means of your 
friendly Influence and Endeavours, they will be prevailed on 
not to resent the many Injuries done them by the rash People of 
this Province, notwithstanding the extreme Inactivity of the Gov- 
ernment to do them that Right which Justice and sound Policy 
so manifestly dictate. 

I rejoice much to hear from D r Franklin that Orders are trans- 
mitted to you for immediately [ ] ing the Boundary Line. 
In his Letter of Mar[ch 13 th he] says. "On the Receipt of your 
Letter of Jan?. [ M r ] Jackson 1 and my self waited on 
Lord Hillsbo [rough the new] secretary for American Affairs; 
and [ the contents, pressing the necessity 

the orders] already sent to S r . William 

settling] the Affair of the 

[ his Lordship] 

[ «] 

and urge the Executive [ 

1 Richard Jackson, agent for Pennsylvania in London. 

2 Several lines missing. 

232 Sir William Johnson Papers 

In the same [ 
Government begins to grow [ 
of Indian Affairs, and of maintaining 
Indian Country, and it is now [talking 
Measure to abandon the Posts, demolishing 
such as the Colonies may think fit to [ 

own Expence, and also to return the Management of 
their own Indian Affairs into the Hands [of the respec 
tive Provinces as formerly. What the R[ 
is uncertain, Counsels here being so continu[ally 
I have wrote my Sentiments on the Subj[ect 
Extract to D r . Franklin, Suggesting many [inconvenjiencies 
which will attend abandon [ing the posts 
in the Indian Country and leaving the [Indians 
the Influence of the French & Spaniards [ 
among and near them; and Reasons to [ the pro 

bability of the Colonies maintaining [ 
of their several Limits. And as to [ 
I must fear, whatever Share there [ 

by the Respective Provinces, There [ in 

conveniencies attending the ta[king 
from under a general Direction 

As to [ 
ment in Regard to [ 
I beg Leave [ 

Lawrence Esq r to whom 

Ised. 1 

| sincerely wish you all the Success 

[ ] the important Affair of Settling the 

and am 

with Real Regard & Esteem 

Your most Obedient 
& very humble Servant 
Jos. Galloway 

1 " Mentioning the payment to Thomas Lawrence of Johnson's draft on 
the province" (of Pennsylvania), Johnson Calendar, p. 394. 


Post-War Period. 1763-1774 233 


New York 30 h May 1768 

Your letter of the 14 th Instant, did not reach me [ ] 18 th 
I now acknowledge the Receipt of it with the warrants Granted 
by General Gage in your favor with [ ] Receipt for the 


Your favor dated the 23 d of this Month from New [Lon]don 
I reced Yesterday Your draft on me to Mess rs Baynton &c will 
be duly honoured. 

Your Son when he calls for it, shall be Paid the Ballance 
] your Account with me in Paper Money, As to Cash 
in Specie [ ] has been remitted here since the New Con- 

tract all the [Mon]eys I receive on Account of the Extraordi- 
narys of the service [ Jed by the Contractors agent by 

Bills of Exchange, and Paper [ ]y is the Chief received 

for the Bills they draw, and that very [ the whole in 

Jersey Bills, Your bill for £100 to M' Wetherhead [ ] 

this Morning in Ten Pound Bills agreable to your desire 
I am with the greatest respect and Esteem 

Your most Obedient & most 

Humble Servant 
M r Mortier going into the Country this Morning has 
f ] Letter but I would not let the Opportunity 

[ ] awarding it to you, as also of Enclosing 

you three Receipts for the general 
come to my Hands in your favor for £10[ 
Currency, Equal to £6266 : 7 : 1 V/ 4 for M r Cole f ] 

I have the Honour to be with great Re[ 


Your most Obedient | 

most Humble Servant 

W M Newt [on] 

234 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[TVeu? Yor&, 30] May 1768 

[ ] kind favour of the 23 d . Instant, covering 

[a draft on M r Mortier which] I shall get Cash for today & 
dispose of it as [ ] you ordered me to Send you by 

Cairport, new [ ] Store & will be Sent by Capt Kelly 

who Sails the [ as also] those you now order; I must be 

obliged to wait [ ] no other vessell here for New London, 
by him I shall also [ ] all which I hope will Come 

Opportunely — 

] Cartwright finding you were to Stay Some Time at 
New London [sent] me down the Letters which Came for you 
by the last packett, [I will] take the Liberty of transmitting 
them to you by this Opportunity. [I] am a good deal Surprisd 
I have not had a Line from Guy Johnson [ ] Col 

Croghan's Accounts — M r Wharton is come to Town with Bills 
drawn on [ ] Consequence of More Accounts) to the 

Amount of £1 197, which I am sorry [it is] not in my power 
immediately to Answer until I have an Order for the Money 
] M r Wharton Seems in Some distress for Want of it; 
however Sir dont let that [ ] for As M r Wharton assures 

me the Coll° must before now be Safe [at] Johnson Hall, a 
few Days will Certainly give me & M r Wharton relief 
[ particular as I fancy M r Croghan will take Care the Matter 
is met. ] M r Wharton has taken all the pains in the 

World to persuade M r [ ] & the general 1 to pay the 

Money, which they Say they have laying ] it would 

be irregular, they will not do it without an Order from 
] Johnson, either of which will do — 
] part of your Letter in which you Say you will 
Come to York, [gave us great] pleasure; but as you go on, 
you disapoint us again ]tion why you Shoud not 

Come, I do not nor will not accept therefore insist 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 235 

on your Coming this Way & if possible I [ | Albany — 

My Wife is in the Powts about it & says Trip, 

She dont belive you will Come att all [ you & in 

the Mean Time remain 

] Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Weatherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar' 
at M r Chew's postmaster in 
New London 
$ Capt Kelly 

A. L. S. 

[NeiV York 31 May 1768] 

] post Yesterday — The present is to 
ordered me to Send, except the White 
Beaver ] so short Notice it will be finished on Thursday 

] Opportunity for New London — I hope all those 
1 opportunely & be to your Satisfaction — My Wife 
has putt [ | you of which She beggs your Acceptance, 

She tells me She ] your own Eating — Good 

Glocester Cheese is Scarce at present imported in 

the fall — I have Sent you 2 half Cheeses of different | 
of which are very extraordinary, but they are the best I can meet 
[with. There] is a Vessell below from Bristol, with Cheeses 
on board, but I can't | Enclosed you have a packett 

I mentiond to you before from [Doctor] Auchmuty who desires 
his Respects may be made agreable to you, he [would have] 
Sent you the Letter it contains before, but that He did not 
think it to putt you to the Expence of Postage & 

besides he flatterd himself [he would have] the pleasure of 
Seeing you here, as He wants Very much to enjoy 
private with you — I have given him Hopes that he will enjoy 

236 Sir William Johnson Papers 

that [ ] pray Sir, do not let us all be disapointed — 

1 have enclosd you [10 pound] Bills, the Rest are all Small 
Curry Bills I therefore do not Send them [ ] likewise 

2 Books & some Medicines I receive from London last week 

] in great haste but with the most Sincere Regard 
Sir Your most Obedient Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
from eleazar wheelock 

A. L. S. 1 

Lebanon May 31, 1768 

May it please Your Excellency, accept my Apology for so 
long neglect to wait upon You at New London, as Duty and 
Gratitude required as a Testimony of Respect due to Your 
Merit from our Whole Country and especially from me. 

My Son on his late Return from Mount Johnson, informed 
me of Your proposed Journey, and raised my Hope & Expecta- 
tion of the Honour & Pleasure of Waiting upon You in 
Your Passage. Soon after, I heard that through Your Mis- 
take of the Road, you had passed thro' Hebron; on which I 
determined, as Soon as My Hands could be discharged of 
Some important Affairs, to Wait upon You at New London; 
but before I could get ready for it, a Report was current that 
a Post had been With You, on an Affair which required 
your Speedy Return; and also that You had actually returnd. 
and before that Report Was contradicted, Mundins, one of 
My onoida Boys, (who has been very infirm ever since he has 
lived with Me) was taken With Vomiting Blood; and for 
several Days, Physicians were Apprehensive he would bleed 
to Death, however that was Stoped, but it has left him in 
So low a state that his Life is now almost dispaird of. Not- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 237 

withstanding, Yesterday I had determined to prosecute my 
Design to pay My Respects to You at New London; but 
before I Was quite ready to mount my Horse, a Gentleman 
came in and advised me that you had left New London, and 
Was gone to Fishers Island. And Now, whether I shall have 
more than the Pleasure of desiring to do You Honour in Your 
Tour into these Parts, must dpend upon its consistancy with 
Your Plan. And however that May be, I pray Your Excel- 
lency to beleive, that the Recovery of Your Health (which I 
understand your Excellency had chiefly in View in this Journey) 
The long protracting your Important Life for glorious Purposes 
to the Kingdom of the great Redeemer, as Well as to the 
Crown of Great Britain, And that a Glorious Reward of all 
your toil in Your important Station of Life, may await your 
Excelb beyond Time, is the sincere, and ardent Wish & Prayer 
of, May it please Your Excellency 

Your Most Obedient, 

and Most Humble Servant 

Eleazar Wheelock 
Sir William Johnson Baron 1 . 

INDORSED: Lebanon May 31 1768 

Doctor Wheelocks letter 


A. L. S. 

[Philadelphia P' 1 

Our Quakers are not a little offended with our 

| Sir W m . Johnson, and arc drawing representations again 

] England, which, though they will not contain truth, yet 

will] be full of Malice and scandal. If you could give him 

of this affair that he may be inabled to confute their 

matter, it will be a friendly and kind part, for our 

1 Entered in Johnson Calendar under May, I 768. 

238 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] will indeavor to raise the whole nest of Hornets 
op] position, at home, again him, I always, am Dear Sir, 

Your Very Affectionate &ca 

W M Allen 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 394, is listed a letter from Rev. Thomas 
Barton, supposed to have been written in May, ! 768, concerning William 
(Johnson's) studies, the spirit of violence in the colonies, and the devasta- 
tion of the Indian town of Conestogo; asking to be appointed overseer 
of the Indian plantation (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:381-83; Q. 


Copy 2 

[May, 17 68 ?} 

To His Excellency [Horatio Sharpe Governor] 
Over the Province of Maryland 

The humble Address, of The [House of Delegates] 
May it Please Your Excellency 

We have Tacken That Part 
of [your Excellency's Speech with the] Papers which have 
been Laid before Us relative to the Maryland Indian [s and 
from thence and on the] Best Inquirey We have been Able to 
macke We cannot discover That any of Them [except those who 
petitioned are] Desirous of removing from This Province — 
We find, That by an Act of Assembly maid in The Y[ear 
1704 reciting that] It Was just that the Indians should have 
A convenient dwelling Place, A Tract of Land on Na[nticoke 
River was] Appropriated to the Use of the Nanticoke Indians 
Their heirs and Successors forever Under a [Provision "that it 

1 Inclosed in letter of Horatio Sharpe to Johnson, June 27, 1768. 
- Much matter burned off is supplied from a duplicate in the New 
York State Library, a paper which is likewise considerably injured. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 239 

should] Be Lawfull for any Person or Persons That had form- 
erly Tacken Up and Obtained any Grants from [Lords 
Baltimore] for any Tracts or Percels of Land Within the 
boundaries Thereof Upon the Indians Deserting or [leaving 
the said] Land to Enter, Occupy, and Enjoy the Same" — 
That by an Other Act, Passed, in The Year [1711 three 
thousand] Acres of Land, on broad Creeke in Nanticoke river 
Were directed to be Laid Out by Commissioners, [valued by a 
Jury] And Paid for by the Publick, and 'That when the 
same should be Laid out and Paid for by the [Publick as 
aforesaid the same should] be to the Use of the Nanticoke 
Indians So Long as they [should occupy the same and after- 
wards] Should be disposed, of as the Generall Assembly of 
this Province should direct" — That the [Commissioners 
appointed] By the Last mentioned Act caused the Three 
thousand Acres of Land to be Laid out, and Valieued, and 
] of Their Proceedings, into the Provincial Court, 
Office Where it now remains of record, by Which it Appears 
the[ ] Several Owners and Proprietors and Was 

Valued, in the Whole To 60,000" of Tobacco, Which To- 
gether Eight hundred and Eightey Pounds of 
Tobacco for Improvements Maid on Part of the Land, and 
Expen[ded in the] Surveying and Valueing Thereof Was as, 
Appears by the Assembly Proceedings, in the Year 1 7 [ 1 1 
allowed by] And Assessed, on the Public, by the Papers Laid 
before us it Appears the riversion in 1664 acres [Part of the 
Land described] In said Act of 1704 is Claimed, by the heirs 
of Coll Ryder Under Grants made many Ye[ars before said 
Act;] But it does not Appear in any Manner That he or any 
Other Person hath Ever received any [Satisfaction therefor] 
And, That the reversion in Sume Other Parts of the Nanticoke 
Tract, is Claimed [under Grants to Col°. William Email] 
Maid Since the Year 1 704, We conceive, it to be clear, from 
the Purview of the said [recited Acts and of one other Act of] 
Assembly maid in The Year 1 723 for quieting the Possession 
of the Indians [inhabiting on Nanticoke and Choptank] Rivers, 

240 Sir William Johnson Papers 

That the Intention of the Legislature was Nothing More Then 
[to provide for and secure to those People] A Dwelling Place 
and the Means of a Comfortable Subsistan[ce so long as they 
should incline to remain] Among Us and Therefore [to permit 
such of them as are now left, who appear to be very] Few 
to Sell the Land 1 Wold be directly Contrary to the Intention 
of Those [Laws not] Be for the Intrest of the 

Indians Themselves, to be Purmitted to do so, nor [ 
To the Public and to Individuals — 
A Coppey 



[May, 1768? 


For 60 Days Service [ 
Sept r . 25. For Expences To Maryland [ 

For 1 5 Days Service @ [ 
1 768 March 1 5 For Expences To S r . W m . Johnson [ 

For 19 Days Service @ P r . Diam | 
Apr 11 - 8 For Expences To Maryland 

For 26 Days Service @ P r . Diam [ 
May 21 For Expences To Maryland 17 [ 

For 35 Days Service (a) P r . Diam 

Amounting the Whole 

to 155 Days at 5/ P"\ Diam 38 15 [ ] 

£96 9 7 
Expences coming up here 4 

£100 9 7 
INDORSED: Nanticoke Indian 


1 See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:1 19. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 


D 1 


] Dicks 
] hauck 
Jthuenes Vrooman 

[May? 1768] 
3 d . thuenes Eitenson 
tomas Eckenson J u 
thunes swart 
marthunes Zihle 

johanes Becker J u 
Johanes Schefer J n 
William Enders 

] Dominick J u . 

Christian Schefer 
pitter Sneeden 
Johanes Lawyer J u 
[Joh]annes h. Lawyer 

9 th . Isaac Vroman 
Jones Vroman 
Adam Vroman 
adam Kreiselin 

¥\ Jacob Cahl 
Jacob hence 
Johanes Werner 
Jacob Weithman 

] nes Camp J u 


| Laucks 


[David] becker 

f ]ker 

r 1 J u 

1 "List of names, being apparently a return of the company officers of 
Col. Jacob Sternberger's regiment of Albany county militia ; all the entries 
have been crossed out except the companies of David Becker and Isaac 
Vroman." — Johnson Calendar, p. 395. 

242 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

[London, June 2, 1 1768] 

[ ] petitioners for a Grant of [mines about Lake 

Superior in North] America at the Crown and [ 

] Wednesday the 4 th of May in the Evening 

M r Samuel Touchet 

S r John Lindsay 

M r Henry Bostwick 

M r John Townson 

M r Joshua Readshaw 

M r Alexander Baxter Jun r 

Capt. George M c Doughall 

M r Alexander Baxter 

M r John Cruikshank 

M r Martin Kuyck Van Microp 

M r Francis Eyre 
M r Touchet read a Letter from M r Chace Price impowering him 
to act for him — 

M r Cruikshank read a Letter from M r William Neate impower- 
ing him to act for him 

M r Touchet also declared he had Authority to answer for S r 
Edward Walpole M r Thomas Allan, and M r Baker John 

M r Bostwick also declared that he answered for M r Cadot M' 
Chin and M r Henry his Associates in America — 

That a Supplemental Petition he delivered forthwith to the 
King in Council — 

1 The meetings were held on May 4th and June 2d, and the minutes 
attested by the chairman, Samual Touchet, on June 1 2th. — Johnson 
Calendar, p. 395. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 243 


That it is the Opinion of this General Meeting that a 

Committee be appointed for Solliciting the said Petition and 

] ment of the Petitioners other Affairs — And the following 

] were appointed for the Purposes — viz — M r Alexander 

] Francis Eyre, S r . John Lyndsay, M r Samuel Touchet 

[ Little] hales, M r . Martin Kuyck Van Microp 

John] Townson and M r Joshua Readshaw 
] them be a Quorum. — 

[ '] 

the hands of Messrs [ ] 

their said Subscriptions [ 


That M r Samuel Touchet [ ] 

Committee untill it shall be resolved [ 

That the Names of the Committee [ 
writing be given into the said Bankers and the [ 
Money be signed by the Chairman and two more G[ 
the Committee 

That the above Resolution be Copied and | 
the Committee or the Quorum and sent to Each Member 

Adjourned till Summond | 
Chairman of the Comm[ 

I 1 

M r Edward Walpole 

M r Samuel Touchet 

M r B. I. Littlehales 

M r Francis Eyre 

M r William Neate 

M r Robert Hunter 

M r Henry Bostwick 

Lines burned off. 

244 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r Alexander Baxter 

M r John Tounson 

M r Tho s . Law for Ch: Townshend Esq' 1 

M r Alexander Baxter 

M r George M c Doughall 

M r John Cruikshank 

M r Thomas Allen 

M r Joshua Bradshaw 

M r M. K. Van Microp 
The Minutes of the 4 lh of May were read and confirmed 
M r Eyre and M r Touchet reported that they had waited upon 
Lord Gower with the Supplemental Petition to the King and 
Council, and that the same was referrd to the Lords of Trade 
M r Touchet having read the Resolutions take the 4 th of 
May relative to the Deposit it was unanimously resolved 
that Twenty five pounds on Each share be paid into the Hands 
of Mess rs Biddulph and Cocks Bankers at Charing Cross within 
one Month from this date in the Names of the Committee, and 
that M r Touchet be desired to send a Copy of this Resolution 
to Each Member — 

A Sketch of Instructions to M r Bostwick being read [and] 
approved it was referr'd to the Committee to draw up a 
]ingly, and that they be called together for that 
] as M r Bostwick shall have Engaged his 

Adjourn'd till Summoned 

foregoing Minutes are attested to 

[ ] 

INDORSED: Resolves of a Com[ 
concerned in the M f 
of Lake Superior 
May 4 th . 1 768 — 

1 Charles Townshend, the English statesman and originator of the tea 
tax, died September 4, 1 767. His estate may have possessed an interest 
in the Lake Superior copper enterprise. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 245 

D. S. 

[London, June 2, 1768] 

The Kings most Excellent Majesty in Councill — 

The Humble Petition of Henry Bostwick of the 
Province of Canada in North America Merch 1 but 
now of London Merchant on behalf of himself and 
Twenty others whose Names are hereunto Sub- 

That Your Petitioners lately presented a Petition to Your 
Majesty humbly praying that Your Majesty would be 
Graciously pleased to grant unto Your Petitioners, all 
Mines Minerals and Metals already discovered and here- 
after to be discovered in about and under Lake Superior 
in North America and the Islands therein and the Countrys 
all round the said Lake within the Distance of Sixty miles 
thereof, and of any and Every part thereof. And that 
Your Petitioners might be incorporated with all the usuall 
Powers or such Powers as to Your Majesty in Your Royall 
Wisdom and Goodness shall seem meet 
That Your Majesty was pleased to referr the said Petition 
to the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations and the Merits of the said Petition coming 
on to be heard before Their Lordships on the 21 st day of 
this instant April the further hearing thereof was adjourned 
That Your Petitioners desirous that so valuable a Discovery 
should not be lost to Your Majesty and Your Kingdoms 
by way of Supplement to their former Petition hereby sub- 
mit to take such Grant under such a reasonable Reservation 
of a Share of the Ores to be raised, and under such Regu- 
lations and Restrictions as to Your Majesty shall seem 
proper — 

246 Sir William Johnson Papers 

That Your Petitioners are also desirous and submit to take 
such Grant under the particular Proviso or Condition that 
if any Person or Persons shall hereafter Really and Truly 
discover any Mine or Mines within the said District of Sixty 
miles, and not part of any Mine or Mines, discovered or to 
be discovered by Your Petitioners or their Successors or 
Agents or lying or being within Four Miles of 
thereof, that then it shall and may be lawful! to and for 
] Person or Persons to work the same upon such 
Tenor and Conditions or in such way as Your Majesty shall 
by any Grant Deed or Instrument think proper to Grant or 
Declare of or concerning the same. 

Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray 
Your Majesty that You woud be Graciously 
pleased to Grant to Your Petitioners all Mines 
Minerals and Metals discovered or to be dis- 
covered round Lake Superiour within the Dis- 
tance aforesaid under such Reservations Regu- 
lations & Restrictions as aforesaid or in such 
other Way and Manner as to Your Majesty 
shall seem proper — 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty bound 
shall Ever pray &c 
Signed by 

Henry Bostwick 
John Chinn 
-Baptiste Cadott 
Alexander Henry 
Alexander Baxter Jun r 
George M c Doughall 
Edward Walpole 
John Lyndsay 
Chauncey Townsend 
Chace Price 
Samuel Touchet 

Henry Boswick for 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 247 

Joshua Readshaw 
Alexander Baxter 
William Neale 
Francis Eyre 
Thomas Allan 
John Cruikshank 
John Townson 


Martin Kuyck Van Microp 

Reiland for a share reserved 
Persons admitted since the above was presented 

Lailan Maclean 
Robert Hunter 
Chace Prices Brother 

INDORSED : A Petition to His 

Majesty from Henry 
Bostwick & others — 


New London Sunday 5 th . June 1768 

As M r . John W. Smith (for whom I Transact business in New 
York (with becoming Character) since I had the Honour of 
seeing you) has not at present business sufficient for him to 
incourage me any longer. I therefore upon hearing of your 
being at New London made bold to come to see you. And at 
same time most humbly request your Interest or Recommenda- 
tion to my Employm'. [ ] my part of the Continent or 
Elsewhere. Otherwise I am Inclined to go Shortly on Board a 
Vessel at Norwalk, few miles off, which is bound for Liverpool, 

248 Sir William Johnson Papers 

from thence to Dublin where [Sir] W ms former friendship shall 
be forever acknowledged by 

Your Honours much obliged & most 

humbie & Obed*. Serv 1 . 

Mark Feely 
please to excuse 
New London Ink 

The Honble Sir W m Johnson 
Bar 1 . 



A. L. S. 
[Philadelphia] June 5* 1768. 

] here and found Col: Croghan gone to new 
York ] Baynton and presented my Papers but as the 

] was sealed, M r . Baynton advised me to send the papers 
] New York And M r . Baynto wrote to M r . Croghan and 
papers] , but I have not yet heard what is come of the Papers 
] you, if you please, to send me a Bill for the 1 45 Pounds 
] Captain Noarth in Philadelphia, who is to transmit the 
same [ ] Carolina if the Bill don't come during my stay 

here but I shall [ ] White before I go on Account of the 

Money. I have considered about | | and I think Daniel 

Feil should stay and instruct the young better. My 

Book will soon be done. Pray Sir be as expedicious [as 
possijble in sending the Bill. I am 

Your most humble and 
mot obedient 


Frantz Ruppert 
[ ] Johnson Bart. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 249 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bart 
at M r Chew's postmaster 
New London 
T> Capt Kelly 
INDORSED: June 5 th . 1 768 

France Ruperts Letter 


A. I. 5. 

Schenectady the 6 lh June 1768 

[I must] Acknowledge the Receipt of your favour of the 
] Inclosing me your Bill on Abraham Mortier 
for £342.17.2 out of which have paid Mess r Phyn & [Ellice] 
£125. 9.5 J/2 which pays them the full Balance due 
for what Indian Goods you had from them this [spri]ng — I 
should have done my Self the Honour [to] have Wrote you 
Sooner but for want of an Opportunity [ ] had the 

pleasure of hearing Several times that you [were re] covering 
your health fast — I wish Sincerely from | heart] that — you 
may benniff much by this Jaunt — 

I Expect Shortly to Set out with [my] Wife — for the 
Spring — which you was at last Summer, [for the rec]overy 
of my health I hope we Shall have the [ 
of Seeing you there, at your return Comeing ] I shall 

not truble you about any news from [ ] — Inform you 

then what I Could | I] must beg leave to return you [ 
the Promotion you gave [ | to Add that [ 

[ ] 

INDORSED: Major Campbells Letter 

June 6< h . 1 768 — 

250 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Extract * 

New York June 6 th . 1768 

I thank you for the Copy, you have sent me of M r . Chabert's 
Letter, which I shall forward to S r . W m . Johnson, Fie has some 
Suspicions of that Gentleman's Conduct, with regard to Indian 
Affairs, and knows best in what light to look upon his Intelli- 
gence of those Matters. 

I hear Belts have been sent to many of the uper Indien 
Nations, to hold themselves in readiness to Act, some of them 
so remote that we have little or no knowledge of them, and I 
have reason to think these Belts were sent from the Six Nations; 
(Your Neighbours the Senecas) at the head of them in League 
with the Shawanese and Delawars; but I beleive matters have 
been so well managed, that there is little fear of things coming 
to any length, and almost a certain prospect of all remaining 


Gen 1 Gage 

New York 6 June 1 768 
on hearing Belts have been 
sent to many of the upper Indian 
Nations, to hold themselves in 
readyness to Act, but believes 
nothing will happen, Of M r . 
Chabberts Letter, that S r . W m . 
Johnson has some reason to 
suspect that Gentlemans Conduct 
That Major Rogers is secur'd 
in Irons at Mich nac : to be sent 
down &c: — Of Colours &c. 

1 In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 108, 
London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 251 


A. L. S. 

Montreall June 10 lh : 1768 

I received a Letter from M r Henry Bostwick dated London 
March the 24 1 ' 1 : 1 768, Wherein He says He had wrote You 
and desired an Answer may be sent, directed for him to my Care 
in Montreall. 

As I have received no such Letter from You, and it may turn 
out an Affair of Consequence I thought proper to write You, 
fearing the Letter may have miscaryed. 

I Expect M r . Bostwick will soon be in Montreal, on his Way 
lo Michilimakinac and shall be much obliged to You, if You 
will Enclose Him a Letter under Cover to me by Return of the 
Post. — 

I have the Honour to be 

Your most Obed hble Ser'. 

Edward Chinn 

from l. macleane 
A. L. S. 

London 10 th . June 1768 
I beg leave to recommend to your good offices the Bearer of 
this letter M r . Francis Bostwicke, Agent for several Gentlemen 
in an Adventure which if thought for the publick Advantage in 
general must be of great Service to the Back Settlements of 
America in particular. I mean the Discovery and Working of 
Mines on Lake Superior. 

I should be extreamly happy to be honoured with your Com- 
mands, if at any time fortune should put it in my poor power 
to be of the least Utility to You in this part of the World ; being 
with the utmost truth and Esteem 


Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

L. Maclean e 

252 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:74, is a letter of June 1 Ith from 
the Earl of Hillsborough, conveying the King's satisfaction with Johnson's 
success in the peace congress held by him in the preceding March. 


New York 13*. June 1768 

] of the 7 th Instant is Just come to 
] three Receipts for your draft in 
] actory, Your Son Sir John Called, on me 
] and I immediately paid him the ballance 
] account, and delivered him up the several Bills 
] your Account, 
I inclose you your draft in favor of Mess rs . Baynton 
Wharto]n and Morgan with their Receipt thereon. I must 
] you with the Inclosed Third Receipt, which I 
] beg you will please to sign and return me. 
I am with great Regard and Esteem 


Your most Obedient and 

most Humble Servant 

Ab m .. Mortier 
Just now paid your 
]ril last in favor of 
[ ] for £100 — Cury 

] Charged to a New Acco 1 . 
ADDRESSED: On His Majesty's Service 

To Sir William Johnson Baronet 

New London 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 253 


A. L. S. 

N London Wens day 11 "Clock [June 15, 1768] 

[Your missive] got over Very well in ab l . [ ] and 

I Send Powers back this [ ] that you may have the 

Advantage ] ing over when it suits you tomorrow — 

J shall send to M r Harris and let him know [that 
you] are Coming over — and am sorry his house [is] not more 
Convenient — you know mine & [I am] sure tis Clean and 
we have two Rooms and two Chambers above 

stairs where [by] the Assistance of your Alatrass we Can [put] 
up two Beds which is intiraly at [your] service and you Cannot 
make M rs Chew ] so happy as to use it in the 

same [ ] as You would your own — and sorry 

] Very Sorry I am with that, its not in [my 
power] to offer and Provide you with [ ] the Products 

in of my Garden — however [ | your own stores you'l 

be at no ] Confident youl be more Comfortable 

] be provided in the House [ ] will 

be no disapointment to [ ] today to get [ 

so happy as to see you [ to Recover your health 

[ ] and Respectfully — 

Dear sir 

Your most [ 

most Hbl e S[ervant] 

Jos Chew 


The Hon ble . S r . William Johnson Bar'. 

Fishers Island 

254 Sir William Johnson Papers 



Copy 1 

[Annapolis June 18, 1768] 

An Act for granting To the Nanticoke Indians [ 

Whareas, the greatest Part of the Tribe of the Nanticoke 
[Indians have] Deserted the Lands in this Province, Apro- 
priated by former act of Assembly for their [use and ceased?] 
[to Occupy the] Same, and the few that Remains by their Peti- 
tion to this general assembly [Prayed that they might have] 
[permission to] Dispose of their right to the Said Lands or that 
Sume Compensation Should be maid [ thereto as] They are 
desirous of Totally Leaveing this Province and Going to Live 
with [their Brethren who have incorporated] Themselves with 
the five nations and that they have Given A Power of Attorney 
to [a certain Amos Ogden to dispose] Of the Said Lands for 
them and to Execute a release and Acquittance therefor which 
Power Appears [to be Confirmed and] Approved by Sir 
William Johnson, his Majesteys Superintendent of Indian affairs 
for the Northern department, And Whereas] Robert Darnall 
and Sarah his wife Henry Steele and Ann his wife and, John 
Henry and Dorothy his wife ( [which said Sarah] Ann and 
Dorothy are the coheiresses of Coll John Ryder deceased) have 
by their Petition Set forth to this [General Assembly] That one 
Tract of Land Called the reserve originally on the fifteenth day 
of May 1665, granted to [a certain John Anderton] for Eight 
hundred Acres another Tract Called Handsell on the Thirteenth 
day of July, in the Same Ye[ar Granted to a] Certain Thomas 
Tayler for Seven hundred acres and one Other Tract Called 
Bartholomews Close [on the th Day of Novem]ber 1695 
granted to A Certain Thomas Hicks for 164 acres Lies within 

Inclosed in letter of Horatio Sharpe to Johnson, June 27, 1 768. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 255 

the boundaries [of a large Tract of Land laid out for the said] 
Indians by Virtue of an act of Assembly [made in the] 
Year 170 [4, entituled an Act for Ascertaining] The bounds of 
a Certain Tract of Land to the Use of the Nanticoke Indians 
So long as they Shall Occupy [and live on the same] And that, 
the Said Three Small Tracts of Land, Became by Purchis and 
Devise the right of the S[aid Collonel John Rider] and the 
Reversion thereof is now in the Said Petitioner and Prayed the 
Said Lands had been heretofore | | Ancestors for the Pub 

lick Account that the Publicke money might be now Applyed 
to Purchase a [ Clame to the Said Land for their 

Use, which this Generall Assembly have thought reasonable 
[to grant] 

And, Whareas the Said Amos Ogden hath in behalf of the 
said Indians Offfered to take the Sum] Of Six hundred and 
Sixty Six Dollars and Two thirds of a dollar for a Release of 
right and [of Claim] of the Said Nanticoke Indians as Will to 
the Aforesaid Three Tracts of Land as to Three Thousand 
[Acres lying on Broad] [Creek] Somerset Countey, by an 
act maid in the year 1711 Entitled an act to Impower 
[Commissioners to appoint and Cause] To be Laid out 
Three thousand acres of Land on Broad Creek in Somerset 
County [for the Use of the Nanticoke Indians] So 
long as they Shall Occupy the Same Which Said Three 
Thousand acres having [been paid for by the Publick] When 
the Said Indians Shall Cease to Occupy, is by the Said Last 
Recited [Act to be disposed of as the General Assem]bly Shall 
direct and Appoint 

Be it Therefore Enacted by [the Right Honourable the Lord 
Proprietary by and with the Advice] And Consent of his 
Lordships Governor and the Upper and Lower Houses of 
As[sembly and the Authority of the Same that] The Committee 
Appointed This Present Session of Assembly to inspect the 
[Accounts and Proceedings of the] Commissioners Appointed 
by Virtue of the act for the Payment of the Pub [lick Claims 

256 Sir William Johnson Papers 

for emitting Bills of Credit] And for Other Purposses Therein 
mentioned, are hereby directed and required to [pay to the said 
Amos Ogden for the Use of] The Said Nanticoke Indians the 
Said Six hundred and Sixty 1 Dollars and [two thirds of a Dollar 
out of the Bills] of Credit now in Office belonging to the 
Countary in full Satisfaction for the Said Tribe of [Nanticoke 
Indians] Their Clame to the Said Land and to I acke his 
receipt for the Same Which Payment Shall to all [ 
Vest the Said Robert Darnall and Sarah his wife Henry Steele 
and Ann his Wife and John H[enry and Dorothy his] Wife 
with the Same Right of Entry in and Claim to the Said Three 
Tracts of Land Called the [Reserve, Handsell] [and 
Bartholomews Close as if the Said Indians had totally 
Deserted and quitted Claime to the Same, any Other act of 
Assembly to the Contrary Notwithstanding" 

And be it further Enacted [ I Allen, 

Levin Gale and Henry Steele are [ 

and they or any two of them are impowered to make Sale of the 
[aforesaid Three] Thousand Acres of Land lying on Broad 
Creek as aforesaid by way of | to the highest bidder 

(giving at least two Months Notice of such Sale [in the] Mary- 
land and Pensylvania Gazettes) the whole together or divided 
into parcels as shall best Suit the Purchasers and make a Con- 
veyance or Conveyances thereof; the said Sale to be made at 
twelve Months Credit if required by any of the purchasers, they 
paying Interest from the Time of Sale and giving Bond or Bonds 
with Sureties to be approved by the said Commissioners, to the 
Treasurer of the Eastern Shore for the Time being for the Use 
of this Province which Bond or Bonds or Money Arising [from] 
the Sale (if any of the Purchasers should Choose to pay the 
Money) the said Commissioners shall return and pay to the 
said Treasurer and take his receipt for the same, and shall also 

1 This should be sixty-six. 

2 To this point missing portions are supplied from a duplicate. From 
this point the duplicate alone exists, and is therefore used. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 257 

return the said Receipt to the next General Assembly after such 
Sale as well as an Account of their Proceedings and Expences 
therein which Expences together with a Commission of Five per 
Cent on the Money for which the said Lands shall be sold shall 
be paid to the said Commissioners out of the Bills of Credit in 
the Office belonging to the Country and they the said Commis- 
sioners shall then be fully discharged of their said Trust and 

[ ] 

be] half of the right Honble 
[the Lord Proprietary of this Province 

] Law 

Hor° Sharpe 
Copy ^ R G Hiselin CI SecT* Office 

INDORSED : Copy of an Act 

for granting to the Nanticokes 
a Compensation for certain 
Lands in Maryland 

Papers regarding the 
Nantiockes of Maryland 

& the 
Narragansets & Mohigans 
of New England 


Copy' 1 
An Act for Ascertaining | 

Shall Occupy, and Live upon the Same — September 5 
[ 1 704] 

It beaing Most Just that the [ ] Province Should have 

A Conveneant dwelling Place in this there native Coun[try 
And Oppressions of the English More Espesially the Nanticoke 
Indians in dorchest[er county In Peace and Concord with 

1 Inclosed in letter of Horatio Sharpe to Johnson. June 27. 1768. 

258 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the English And in all Matters Obedience to the government 
] And deligates of this Present General Assembly, 
tharefore do Pray That it May be Enacted. 

And be it Enacted by The Queens Most Excellent Majesty 
by and [with the] Consent of hir Majestys Governor Council 
and Assembly of this Province, and the Authority of 
The Land, Laying and beaing in Dorchester County and on 
the North Side of Nanticoke river, butt[ ] followeth 

begining at the Mouth of Chickawan creek and running Up 
the Said creek bounded, Therewith to the head Of the Same 
and from the head of Said Main branch With a Line drawn to 
the head of a branch issuing West fork of Nanticoke known by 
the Name of frances Andertons branch bounded Tharewith to 
the Mouth of [ ] It falls into the Said Northwest fork 

and from thence down The afforesaid northwest fork bounded 
River and so down the main river to, the Mouth 
of the Afforesaid Chickawan Crick — Shall [ 
and Assured Unto Panayash and [ 

And Chearge and Their heirs and Successers for ever any Law 
Usage Custom or Grant to The Contrary [notwi] thstanding to 
be held of the Lord Proprietary and his heirs Lord Proprieterry 
or Lord Province Under the Yearly rent of One 

beverskin to be Paid to his Said Lordship and his hars [ 
This Province by the English Used to be Paid Provided always 
that it Shall or may be [ ] Person or Persons that 

hath formerly Taken Up and Obtained any Grants from the 
Lord Baltimore Grantes or Parcels of Land Within the 

Aforesaid boundaries Upon the Indians, desert | Said 

Land to Enter Occupy and injoy the Same any Thing in this 
Law to The Contrary 

An Act Declaring That the Grantees of Lands Lying 
Action of Trespass Against, Such Persons as 
Cut Timber off Their Lan[ds | Same of the Indians October 
3th 1704 — 

Be it hereby Enacted, and Declared by the Queens most 
Excell* [Majesty] That the falling Mauling and Carrying away 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 259 

of Timber or | ] Person or Persons Upon Pretense 

of having bough [t the ] Unlawful Pretence Whatsoever on 
or from off any Lands [ ] Any Other Person have in 

him her or them The fee be Judged, Deemed [ ] ever 

Shall Purchis and receive fall maul or carrey away Timber as 
Aforesaid Trespassers and Shall be Liable to 

Action, or Actions of Trespass and [Tried ] Their Damages 
Accordingly as if The Grantee or Patentee Aforesaid Did 
Actually ] Land, and had Improved it any Law act of 
Assembly or Usage to The Contrary N [otwithstanding] 


L. S. 1 

New York June 20 th 1768. 

As Major Rogers is ordered down to Montreal, in order to 
take his trial upon several accusations preferred against him, in 
which number, that of "Disobedience of his orders and Instruc- 
tions during the time of his Command at Misilimakinak, and 
lavishing away money amongst the Savages contrary to his 
Orders" is comprehended; I am to desire of You, to forward 
as soon as you conveniently can, to M : Cramahe Deputy Judge 
Advocate in North America, a Copy of your Instructions 2 to 
Major Rogers, for his guidance in his transactions with the 
Indians, as likewise a List of the several Bills he has drawn upon 
You. And I wou'd be obliged to you at the same time, if you 
wou'd ascertain what you recollect relative to the actual delivery 
of HopkinV letter to the Major, and any Conversation that 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 See "Instructions etc.," June 3, 1766, v: 238-39. 

3 Colonel Joseph Hopkins, of Hispaniola, who had quit the British 
service for the French. The letter in which he invited Rogers to follow 
his example is printed in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:993-94. 
Other documents relating to Rogers' designs appear in 7:988-92. 

260 Sir William Johnson Papers 

passed betwixt you at the time. Which particulars You will be 
so good to note down, and send them, with the other papers, to 
M r : Cramahe at Montreal, or Quebec. 

I am with great Regard 
Dear Sir 

Your most Obedient 
humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir William Johnson B l . 

INDORSED: New York June 20 th 1768. 

From Gen 1 Gage to S r . W rn . 
concerning Maj r . Roger's Trial. 


[New York 20] June 1768 

the Enclosed Letters, one of which 
| Enclosed to me from John Van Allen of Albany | 
M r Roberts] On Saturday night by the post, you will be 
[pleased to let me know] whether I must pay the Bill Roberts 
has drawn on me [ You will See he Says you are 

indebted to him a Balance [ ] he Supposes you have 

paid me for his Account which is £l 67 [ ] was to have 

paid me before he left York, but afterwards wrote [I m]ight 
depend you woud Send me an Order on the Generall for, but 
[I am a]pt to Suspect that was a little premature, Since I find by 
[a] letter from my Friend Col Guy Johnson, that you had only 
Recommended [the] Account of Mr Roberts's Expence to the 
Generall, but that the [ ] coud not be paid till the Generall 

shoud Signify his own [ap] probation of the Accounts — I Shall 
however be greatly obliged [to] you Sir to acquaint me whether 
you have heard any thing from [the] Generall about the Allow- 
ance of those Accounts — but I flatter [myself with the belief] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 261 

I shall have the pleasure of Seeing you here yourself, I [ 
you M r Roberts's Letter in Case you Should resolve to [return] 
immediately without coming this Way — which I hope will not 
[be the] Case, for I want much to See you & I doubt not but if 
possible [you will] give me that pleasure 

In the mean Time I remain with Sincere Regard 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

[ Sir] John — I hope to Come to see him — this [ 
asking for him & will wait 2 or 3 Days [ ] Way — 

He Says He wants very much [ ] 


The Hon ble . S r . William Johnson Bar', 

Fishers Island 



[Montreal, June 21, I768 1 ] 

] principaux Chefs du Saut St [Lous plein] 

pouvoir et authorise le sieur Joseph [Raymond ] a Montreal, 
de faire Un Exacte recensement ] les habitans qui sont dans [la 
Seigneurie ] des sauvages Iroquois prenant de la Chute [ 
lieux de profondeur et Sur la ligne parallelle [avec ] Riviere, 
toujours a distance de deux lieux de [profond]eur du lac, et 
mesurer les Terres qui Seront a proposf ] leur avantage & 

le sieur Raymond me Donnera [une] copie dudit Ressensement 
& sera satisfait de ses peines [et] Soins, de plus je L'authorise 
de se faire Donnera tous les habitans leur Contracts et derniere 
quittance afin de me Rendre Comte de leur revenus par an, et 
Retirera leur rentes & lots et ventes tout les ans quand elles 
seront dans | | il sera paye a Deux Sols par livre C est 

1 The date when the document was delivered to Sir Guy Carleton. The 
date of authorization to Raymond was October 9, 1 767. 

262 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a dire a dix pour cent [ approuvance En tout Ce 

quil pourra faire de juste & equitable pour leur avantage, fait a 
Montreal Le 9 e 8K 1 767 

Signe Sur l'original qui a ete delivre a Son Excellence Monsieur 
le General Carleton Le 2 1 Juin 1 768. 

Dan. Claus 
Depy to S r W. Johnson 
] Deliberation of the principal Chiefs of Sault S l . 
Louis [fu]ll Power & Authority to M r , Joseph Raymond 
Sworn [ of] Montreal to make an exact Roll of all the Inhabi- 
tants [of the] Seigneurie of the Iroquois, taking (running) from 
the Rapids [ leagues] in Depth in a parallell Line with the 
[river] [keep] ing the Distance of two Leagues in Debt [from the 
lake] and River, & so lay out such Farms as may be [ 
& proper for their Use, M r . Raymont will [give me a copy] of 
said Roll, for w ch . Trouble & Care he [will be repaid] And I 
do further Authorize him to in- [ ] Lease & their last 

Receipt, so that he may [ ] pay And to give me 

Acco 1 . of their [ ] their Rents & Lots et Ventes 

] w ch . he is to be paid 2 sols ^ [ 
of every thing he [ 

[ ] 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 


Extract x 

New York 2!«. June 1768 

I am to Acknowledge the Receipt of your Letter of the 24'''. 
May ; And I am Obliged to You, for the information You 

1 From a letter to Captain John Brown, in command of Fort Niagara. 
In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 110, London, 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 263 

therein gave Me, relative to Indian Affairs. I am entirely 
of your Opinion, that it is much for our Interest, that Jealousys 
Should be kept up amongst the Indians; by which we may be 
Umpires in their disputes, and probably they will be fearfull of 
Attempting anything against us, as long as they continue distrust- 
full of Each other; The Letter You mention concerning 
Chabert's proposals, is in the hands of Sir William Johnson, who 
I doubt not will pay due Attention to it — 
indorsed: Rec d 31 July & Ans d 

2 d Aug* 1 768 
Gen 1 Gage 2 1 June 1 768 
That the Brunswick may call 
at Ontario, if not retard her too 
long to take in Stores & Artillery 
for Oswegatchie. Of Carpenters 
at 10 s a day being sent up to Cut Ship Timber, Of 
Contracting the Fort, Demolishing the other 
Works, of Returns, Abstracts 
of pay &c. — 

L. S. 

Annapolis [June 27, (22?) 1768] 

The General Assembly h[ ] 24 th of last 

Month I communic[ated] two Letters You were pleased to 
fav[ ] the first of May 1767 & the 25th of March 

[1768] together with a Petition subscribed by the Tribe called 
Nanticokes desiring that an Act might pass impowering them 
to sell the Lands which were heretofore appropriated by the 
Legislature of this Province to the Use of that Tribe. In Con- 
sequence of my recommending this Affair to their immediate Con- 
sideration the Lower House of Assembly appointed a Committee 
to examine into the Nature of those Indians Claim & on their 

264 Sir William Johnson Papers 

making a Report presented to Me the [ How] ever on my send- 
ing them [ in] favor of the Persons who had a [reversionary 
right to] part of the Land in case the [Nanticokes should] 
relinquish it interesting themselves [ lness the 

Members agreed to accept an [offer] which M r Ogden had 
thought fit to make on behalf of the Indians & a Bill was accord- 
ingly framed for granting him the Sum he required which was a 
few Days afterwards pass't into a Law & I herewith send You 
a Copy of it. The Assembly agreed likewise to defray the 
Expence which had been occasioned by M r Ogden's & the 
Indian's coming down last Year from Otsiningo to treat with 
those that lived in this Province. I intended to have wrote to 
You by M r Ogden but he was so impatient to get away immedi- 
ately after the Act pass't & he had received the Dollars, that I 
had not leisure at that time, but I presume that 
advised You of his Proceedings [ ] in what manner 

the Business hither was concluded — I am 


Your most ob [ ] 

humble Servant 

Hor\ Sharpe 


INDORSED: Maryland 22 d . June 

1 768 — 

Gov r . Sharps Letter 
w ,h . Enclosures — 


A. L. S. 
[New London, June 29, 1768) 

] last at the Town of Windsor 
[ ] Assembly of the Sons of Liberty 

] summond Joshua Eldcrkin before them 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 265 

] Acco*. how he Came to import 

worth of Breches patten Buckles 

j are articles Prohibited by their Resolves 

] to appear and they adjourned for 

] aking a Resolve that if at that 

] he did not give & make full Satisfaction 

ack]nolidgement he Should answer it 

] they then & there I am 

] to the Resolution of assisting 

] in Boston — I Expect to 

] tomorrow and shall have the 

which] you Shall be informed of. 

] arrived who says all 
yesterday by the Rain which 
] before 1 1 °Clock [ ] day 

Family Very well — I informed 
] of your last Extrodinary kindness and we 
] you with our most sincere thanks & 
] if Ever we are so happy as to be able to make 
] your many and Repeated Favours demand of 
] shall be made with a Gratitude not met with 
] day in these times — I Could fill this sheet 
with exjpressions of Gratitude and thankfullness — and 
] others with wishes for the Establishment of your 
] but you time is of two much Consequence to be 
| with things of this sort I will therefore only 
] heart will forever Retain the former and pour 
] and desires for the Latter — I met with 
at midletown on my Return who had been at 
] and by the Aco' he gave me am Very much 
found the Roads in Bad order — however 
| at or near the springs and that by the 
time this reajches you — you will have found the good 

J — I Really have a great Opinion 
| and wish you would Persevere in 

266 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] I made Docf. Moffatt Very 

[ by] Col 1 Hamlin of the 

[ ] 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall 

To The Care of the 
post Master at Albany 
who will forward it 
where Sir William is 

INDORSED: M r . Chews Letter 
July 1 768 


A. L. S. 

New York June 30 ih . J 768 

Since I had the pleasure to receive your [ ] letter of the 

18 th . of December in Answer to mine of the 24 th of November 
[nothing has] occur'd of consequence enough to trouble you 
with, and I always [ ] it was a Species of persecution to 

address letters merely [ a Gentleman whose time is so 

very much taken up with public [matters] ; Therefore permit me 
to tender you my hearty wishes for a [ ] the recovery of 

your health and at same time to request as a [ ] will not 

give yourself the trouble to acknowledge the receipt 
| no more than to convince you, that I wish to keep the 
| bright ; And that the Man who will write to his friend 
| say is not lazy, tho* he may be troublesome, 
long in expectation of the pleasure of seeing you 
it mean to disappoint your Friends. When you 

] and but a small Family; And 
when I assure you Sir, that nothing can afford myself and it, 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 267 

than your taking a Bed with us, during your stay; I 
shall hope ] Let me request the favor that you will 

present my best Compliments [ ] Sir John, Col° Croghan, 

Cap ,ns : Johnson and Claus, being with [ ] 


Dear Sir 
Your most 0[ 

most [ 

[William Kelly] 

from john wetherhead 

A. L. S. 

New York the 30 June 1768 

acknowledge the Receipt of your kind favour 

from] New London & am Sorry to find we 

[shall not have the] pleasure of your good Company as we 

] I flatter myself it will not be long before 
1 that pleasure — I am glad to find you have 
M r Wharton as to his Demand on Col Croghan, but 
[I am a go]od deal disapointed the Colonel has not wrote me 
[when he] will be here as I have engagd for the payment of a 
good deal of Money on his Account on the Strength of What 
He wrote me by Sir John ; but as I have heard nothing from him 
Since, imagine he is upon the Road hither — 

I am to acquaint you that I have last week receivd a dft 
upon you from M r Michael Byrne at Ontario dated the 9 ,h 
Instant at 6 D s Sight ^ £92 .1.3 for which Sum I will debit 
your Account if you please to give me Orders for so doing 6c 
shall be much oblig'd to you Sir to mention it to [me] by the 
first Opportunity, in order that I may write M r Byrne accord- 
ingly — As to your two patents, they are gone up already but 
notwithstanding all the fees were paid Some Time Since, they 
are delay'd Sealing, on Account of Some Mistakes about Peter 
Sarvis's patent, which Mistake has been Set to Rights since 

268 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Governor's Arrivall — if you remember Sir you desird me 

to present a petition in the Names of the Sundry persons 

[mejntiond in your Letter to me, which was accordingly done. 

[The petition was passed & the Survey has been returnd into 

the [ it] Seems everything is now ready for the Offices to 

proceed that Nobody has orders to pay the fees — 

the Governor [ con ] founded this patent with the other 

two & they [ ] till such Times as they Shoud be Satisfied 

which I never had any Orders about from you 

] paid fees for those two first patents as you 

w] as explaind when the Governor came 

] Seald — However Sir Harry 

] you have Sent me 

[ ] 

a Syllable said about paying [ ] 

of Sarvis belongs to; the Alan [ 
£20,000 of your's in my hand I woud [not pay 
untill I receive your Orders for that purpo[se 
you will let me know what I am to do about [ 
glad you would let Sir Harry Moore know that [ 
about it, for If I may be allowd to judge [ 
he certainly thinks I have both Orders & money [for 
for he insists upon it that you have wrote him So & that [ 
to me for what was necessary, by which I Suppose he means 
He sent for me this Morning to know how he was to 
direct He Seems a little displeas'd about your having 

So long [ ] to Send him the Names for the patent of One 

M r Lawyer [ ] purchased at Schoharrie 2 Years ago, I 

think I rememfber that] purchase — He tells me Lawyer lodged 
the Money in the [ Mr Colden a long Time ago & 

that he made a formall | | to him at Johnson Hall about 

the Delay, which he was owing to your Neglect in 

not furnishing the [ Says you are concerned in that 

& all other patents | from the Indians — I told him I must 

write to you might depend I woud mention it to you & 

that I it woud not rest with you — Sir Harry 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 269 

(en[tre nous)] greatly dissatisfied with Something or other [at 

Johnson Hall (?)] he Vows he will never more go up when 

you [are away ( ?) ] that when he arrivd neither the Indians nor 

any [ ] that the Indians were prevented from 

Settling [the Kaiaderosseras dispute] by means of undue 

Influence — He Says [ 

Come down & that he will have the Ind[ians 

they may be brought to just [terms 

He has a right to do, as the [Ministry (?) 

Indian Department into [ 

the While of the [ ] 

them [ ] 

[ ] 

[ the Indians] woud not be persuaded to Sell [the Interve- 
ning Lands to persons] who went up with him to purchase them 
[ ] Resolutions &c a being a little surprisd 

] of his own Accord mention those Matters to me 
] of Saying my Sentiments very freely to Any 
Man [ | in my Side — I told his Excellency that as to 

the [Kay]ad s patent I was no further acquainted with it than 

] s that as to the Intervening Lands I knew of no body 
who [has a] right to purchase them but myself & that I woud 
att all [times endea] vour to Support that Right — for that upon 
his own Recommendation [of] that Affair to you 2 years ago, 
the Indians then gave me [a prom]ise that Nobody but myself 
Shoud have them — that I had [ ] understood they coud Sell 
their own property to whoever they or] coud let it alone at 

their Option — that As they lookt upon [themselves] as bound 
in honour to Sell to none but myself — I shoud always 

myself as bound in honour to my Associates & in 
Interest [to myself] to purchase them whenever they Shoud 
think it good to Sell [ should take every fair Method to 

prevent their Selling to others [ ] I flatterd myself his 

Excellency woud not consider any Influence which 

I shoud consider as necessary to Support my own Right [shoud] 
be happy if He coud prevail on You to come down at the 

270 Sir William l ohnson Papers 

[time] that He Shoud issue his Orders to the Indians to come 
down ] He might be convinced that the Indians were 

not influenced | ] but their own Deliberations as a Nation of 
People | ] was in their own Disposall, for that I was con- 

fident | ] the Same people either at New york or Johnson 

Hall ] — I likewise told him, that if any person was 

J Indians as to the intervening Lands, it must be 
] done, was to remind them of their promise 
]oud be able to prevail on them to keep their 
down or not — this is the Substance 
] will please to keep to yourself 
| think proper 

[John Wetherhead] 

bill of frederick vischer 

A. D. S. 

June 1768 
Sir William Johnson Beronet D r . 

To Fradrick Vesher 
To going Express to New London by Order of 

Cor 1 Guy Johnson £ 8 

To one Day Detained there 10 

To the hire of a Horse 2 Day at 4/ 8 

£ 8 18 
Fradrick Vesher 

INDORSED: Frederick Vischers 

[Acc f .] going as an Express 
£ 8. .18 - 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 271 


New London July 1 3 l K 1768 

The inclosed Letter Came in the last [mail] from New York 
I suppose by mistake. 

am just Returned from Windam where I went in order to 
Execute the matter with our Good friend Col° Fitch which was 
Committed to my Care by M r Wharton to whom I have this 
day wrote and Returned the Papers left with me. 

On my Arrival at Norwich last Monday on my Way to 
Windam I found Col°. Putnam [ ] and several others 

— they were pretty Cautious [ however I was informed 

they were in a few [ ] to be joyn'd by Cap' Little and Some 
others [when] important matters were to be taken into [con- 
sider] ation we dined together and I gave them [ ]ning 
but there was not much said Except by [Colonel Putnam] who 
declared he would not yet give up [ ] as the Poltronns 
in Boston had — after I I] fell in Company with one of the 
Lieut [Gov. Trumbulls sons] who told me the Cause of 
[ ] was that they were well 
Convinced I was one of s r William Johnsons [ ] 
who was the greatest Obstacle to their | His] interest with that 
of his friends had [over set General] Lymans Plan and Pre- 
vented any new Colony [ Granted — and many other 
things which would be [ to trouble you with — this 
Person young M r [ ] and I was formerly well 
acquainted and Riding [a] few miles together Bro f him 
to inform me that [Colonel] Putnam had some thoughts of 
going to England [ 

did not know but he would determine that after [ 
& Sail with him three or four days in 
Ship belonging to Norwich which ship is [ 

272 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Loaded and tis said will sail tomorrow — [ 

the same Vessell that Brought over the English 

M r Trumbull was Violent against a [ 

Commiss r Cust° House Officers &c and f 

himself when I mentioned a Bisshop 

them who had wrote in Favour of that [ 

I told him I hoped he would not [ 

wished well to it as I thought [ 

the thing two far — no [he 

I wish I had the [ 

[ ] fact and the sentiments of the Country 

[ ] other matters but it would far Exceed the 

[ ] of a Letter — at Windam Col° Dyer made 

] inquiry when & how the line was to be Run 

between the Indians and the Colonys to all which I [in] formed 

him I was intirely ignorant — Col° Fitch tells [me] that Dyer 

says if the Susquehanna & Delaware [Com]panys Purchaises 

fall within the Line now to be Run he is for making no more 
applycations for Grants or Charters — but Directly settle the 
Land by Virtue of the Indian Deed and in this way he shall 
give his Advice — but I did not hear that the Col° had Resolved 
to move with the first party [or] be otherways Concerned then 
by Advice — 

Col° Fitch desired me to present [his] best Respects to you 
and sincere wishes for your [hea]lth — M rs Chew and my 
Little Family are [ Except the Little Boy who has 

had a smart [ this day or two wch Doct Moffatt says 

is owing [to his] teeth — if he Could speak he would I am 
the] wishes of the Rest of us for the recovery [ | and if 

our Fervent Desires are [ ] the springs will Compleat the 

the Almi]ghty of his infinite Mercy Grant I Sent you 
by the last post | | so every week the Boston Papers — 

from Great township we have had no intiligence 

last Post — I beg the Favour of my [ 
Respects to s r John and Col°. Croghan [whom I] have as much 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 273 

Esteem for as one man Can [have for] another and am with 
heart filled with ] Respect and Gratitude 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obed [ ] 

most Hble servant 

Jos. Chew 
The Honb le S R . William Johnson 

INDORSED: Joseph Chew's letter 
July 1768 

L. S. 

New York, July 13, 1768 

We are sorry to find that the [trea]ty with the Indians for 
setling the Dispute between [them] and the Proprietors of 
Cayoderoseras Patent, provd [ ] ; and that their Claims 

were such as our Agent [Mr. Rem] sen could not think himself 
at Liberty to accept of [ ] as we are sincerely & heartily 

dispos'd to make every [reasonable] Concession that can be 
desired of us to accommodate [the differ] ences relative to said 
Patent : we do not yet [ ] meeting with the Success which 

the Uprightness [of our intensions may appear to merit. 

] not indeed conceive ourselves in the Situation 
for the Purchase of a Right; but as 
] Gratuity to extinguish an Indian Claim 
] esteem to have been long since out 
mean in Short to be at perfect 
Peace with the Indians by procuring [ 
public Release of all Claims & Pretences to [ 
within the Limits of our Patent according to our [ 
so that no Controversy may remain concerning [ 
unless the Crown should think proper to dispute [ 
Extension of the Patent; which we cannot imagine | 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

ever be the Case. — Nor can we help flattering [ourselves] 
that the Indians, whatever may be their Conception [ 
the Point of Right, will, from innate Principle [s of] common 
Justice, prefer those who already es[teem the] Lands to belong 
to them, to any other Purchaser [ ] this View M r . Peter 

Remsen (assisted by M r . Isaac [Low)] returns to the Treaty 
with full Powers to strike [a] Bargain with the Indians which 
he sha[ ] proper. 

As we conceive the Success of [ ] 

Attempt will depend greatly upon the [ ] 

Friendship with which you have [ ] 

honor us on the Subject we [ 

] to you for an Exertion of your [ 
over the Indians, to enable M r . Peter Remsen to [ a] Bargain 
with them, as favourable to us all as [will be] consistent with 
your own Ideas of Justice. 
We are 


Your Most Obed*. Hbk Servants 

[New Yor]k July 13* 1768] 
Sir William Johnson 

Jn°: Morin Scott 


John Ogilvie 
Dirck Lefferts 
Evert Bancker 
Rich : Bancker 
Adrian Renaudet 
Antho Van Dam 
John Beekman 
Cornelis Tiebout 
Thomas Clark 
Adr n : Bancker Jun- 
Cornelius Clopp 

INDORSED: From [ ] 

& the rest of the Committee 

for Kayadarosseras 3$ 

M r . P. Remsen their Agent. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 lib 

A. L. S. 1 

New York July 18*. 1768. 


Your Letter of the 5 th : Ins': confirms many Reports that there 
has been Commotions amongst the Savages in all parts. No 
doubt Belts have been sent amongst them by French and 
Spaniards, and those Sent last Fall by the Senecas or others of 
the Six Nations have operated greatly to incense them against 
us. By Letters just arrived from Missilimakinak, they had 
received advice from the Ottawas of Arbre Croche 2 that a 
Number of War Canoes had been discovered; and they sus- 
pected that the S l Joseph, Chippewas and other Indians with 
some French &c. were on their way to do Mischief, and that the 
Six Nations were expected up there. This last I conclude pro- 
ceeds from the Belts and Messages sent last Fall. The Chero- 
kees in their war Excursions on the Ohio and ouabache have 
killed some People, And brought in Eight white Scalps and 
two French Men Prisoners. Some of the Scalps Supposed to be 

The Behavior of the Traders with respect to the Chippewa 
Chief is a vilanous Instance of their Rapacity and little Care 
what Mischief they do for the Sake of a little present Gain, 
you may depend upon all the Assistance in my power to give 
you towards bringing them to Punishment; but the Laws in these 
respects are so very deficient it is always a difficult Matter to 
punish them. 

I have Spoke to M r . Leake concerning the Provision who 
tells me that he Sends it only to Schenectady from whence Sir 
William Johnson orders it to be carried on as he wants it. You 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 An Ottawa village on the northwest shore of the lower peninsula of 

276 Sir William Johnson Papers 

will therefore be so good to order Such Quantity s to the German 
Flatts as you Judge there will be occasion for. 
I am with great Regard, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho 3 . Gage 
Guy Johnson Esq., 

indorsed: N York July 18 th . 1768. 

From Gen 1 . Gage to 
Coll Guy Johnson D. Ag f . 

L. S. 

Fort George July 18 th 1768 


I have lately had another application from the Patentees of 
the Kanyaderosseras Land, who have delegated two Persons 
from hence with Power to treat again with the Indians concern- 
ing the settlement of the dispute between them ; They expect that 
the Survey which I order'd to be made will be compleated by 
the time these Deputies arrive at Albany by which means the 
contending Parties will be able to fix their lines with more cer- 
tainty of course to enter into an Agreement which 
] be lasting. 

They desire that I would recommend [ matter] strongly to 
you and hope Assistance in your Power [ 

[ l 

of what has been mentioned in the Secretary of] State's letter to 
me, for (after [the disappointment (?)] I have so lately met 
with), I sh [all ] to send home a satisfactory 

Acc[ ] proceeding which I am sorry to [ 

my power at present, 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 277 

While I was at Your Ho [use ] ask'd for the Indian Records, 
but [was told that] they theywere lock'd up, which I th [ought 
a] little extraordinary as there were no [ | motives for 

this last excursions of m[ine ] transact Business with the 

Indians [ ] I desir'd to see was the Result of [ 

which was held upon this very [dispute ] years ago, and 

beg the favor of you [ ] have an Attested Copy of 

that [ ] 

The Meeting [ ] at the time M r Living [ston was 

secretary for] Indian Affairs [ 
of this city [ ] 

[Your pres]nce here is thought absolutely [necessar]y, and 
I shall be very glad to assure you personally, that I am with 
great truth and Esteem 

Your most Obedient and 
humble Servant — 

H: Moore. 
INDORSED: Sir H. Moore's Letter 
w tl \ an Enclosure — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 396-97, is listed a letter of July 20th to 
the Earl of Hillsborough, reviewing Johnson's course under the plan of 
1 764 for Indian affairs, 1 considering the proposal to commit to the 
colonies the charge of Indian expenses, stating the causes of increase in 
expenses, including French liberality toward the Indians, English ill treat- 
ment and the spread of English settlements, also the cause of the war 
in I 763, promising to work under any plan and pointing out the need of 
an ampler allowance for expenses in the northern department than in the 
southern, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:896-904; Q, 2:520-24 and 
Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:82-87.) 

1 See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y ., 7:634-41. 

278 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New London July 20 ih . 1768 
I ] 

I he inclosed Came by the last post from Philadelphia you 
will see by the Papers how the Assembly of Maryland have 
treated Lord Hillsbroughs letter and Commands — I immagine 
many other provinces will follow their steps and will all without 
doubt meet with the same Chaistisement as is [desjigned for 
Boston. — from whence we have not [an]y Particular inteli- 
gence, as I forward you the [papejrs must Refer you to them — 
the weather [for] this six or seven days has been Extreemly hott 
[If] that had been the Case while you was here [you] would 
have had a Better Chance of trying [the sea] Water — hope that 
of the springs will have | ]ed for Effects and Remove 

Every Complaint ] last Fryday Evening with Cap 1 

Oliver, when ]your health in a Bumper of good 

Madeira the Cap]t. have desired me to present their 

[ ] you — M rs . Chew and Little Fan 

their best Respects and Could 
] sure he would offer 
his as it is I will do it for him with | 
my own sincere Respects and most Earnest [ 
your Recovery — I shall Write in a day [ 
the Care of M r Weatherhead by a Vessell [ 
in the mean time I am with great Truth | 

Dear sir 
Your most Obed' [ 

Most Hble [ ] 

Jos Ch[ew] 

The post from Boston brings nothing new pi [ease to present] 
my Best Respects to s r . John my [ ] friend, Col° 

Croghan & M r Wharton — the [ ] To J. D — & M r 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 279 

Goddard when put [ office at Boston on Monday 

& go by [ ] 

The Hon ble Sir William [ ] 


Jos. Chew [ 
w ,h . Sundry Papers 


Johnson hall July 20 th . 1768 

I arrived here the 1 5 th Inst after almost three months absence, 
and whether owing to the Change of Air or Exercise I find my- 
self much improved in health. — 

I often wished to have had it in my power to have seen you 
at N, York, but the plan I had laid down & the rest & retirement 
which I so much Wanted would not admit me to that pleasure 
& induced me to take the Springs in my Way back, to try their 
effect on my Legs, which I do not find much better. — M r John- 
son has communicated Your Correspondence during my absence 
and I am very glad to find that what has been done proves agre- 
able to you. Your favor of the 1 1 th of this Inst to him came to 
hands to day, as also that from M r Blair concerning | 
Boundary. I think I have only to do with the [gener]al Line 
between the English, and Indians, & that all | of a 

Provincial Nature must be Settled in the Manner 
Observed, — A Mistake has been made by which the | 
pro] posed by the board of Trade to the Northward of 
[ Owegy 2 ] far as I can See has been occasioned by its not 
[ ] Settled at the Congress in )765 (as I find M r 

[Blair ]) The Indians did not meet me at that 
I only took that opportunity I might [ 

i ] 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 See above To Thomas Gage, April 23, I 768. 

280 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Indians will not be [ ] 

Boundary will be defeated 
must be so obvious that an Explanation 

did not think it was requisite with regard to j & if it 

was [ ] that it should not restrict this Province in 

pur [chasing ] he will alter this Opinion, as it is contrary to the 
] Boundary. — 

I have received Letters from the [ ] with a Reform 

of the Indian Department which M' has Mentioned 

to you on which there is Subject for ] It places 

the Management of the Indian Trade in [the ] the Colonies, 
with a View to a saving and [ that 

they were guilty of Notorious Errors at a time when [the 
Indians] had reason to, & did actually fear them. It Supposes 
the [ ] period when their opinion is so much Changed 

into a [ ] security that they will take more pains & be 

a I more expence than [ 

This was always a troublesome part of my 
present Change has originated with the Merchants 
the Hardships of Restrictions &ca the Government before the 
Last War do not [ ] of Attention to Indian Affairs, 

& are now tired of the [Expenses] for Trade, but the Necessity 
of a [ ] under [ ] connections with 

them were enlarged & [ 
The moderate Expences of Former [ 
Connection with Ind s & th [ 
of the Colon [ies 


After the reduction of Canada the | 
formed with so many powerfull Nations us 

rendered the Department more necessary 

I cannot help observing that besides the Limitting [expen]ces 
in the present Reform, the Extent and business of [the] Two 
Departments does not appear to have been duly weighed The 
Northern District was always considered to Exceed the other 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 281 

Very Much as it really does, and whilst the Sec> of State 
writes me to retrench all the Establishments &ca regarding the 
Ind n . Trade I do not See any provision made for My Deputys 
sallaries, who had their Offices without a View to the Trade & 
Antecedent to it, and who are so necessary to the Department 
that it cannot be carried on without them, Neither is there any 
mention made of Smiths or Interpreters, and the £3000 f' Ann 
is a Sum too Small for presents & Incidental Expences to pay 
them out of it, an Addition of £1000 "p* Ann might as the 
Affairs of Trade are placed in other hands, have in some 
Measure Answered & defrayed the [sa]llaries of the Officers 
Necessary and this might be taken with the [strictest] reason & 
propriety from the Southern Districts allowance, I 
be much Obliged if you will represent what you think best 
] to the Secy of State that something may be done, 
for if I am [to continue] in Office, or do any service I would 
pay the people out of [my own sa]llary rather than want those 
Assistances that are absolutely necessary, and 

I hope to hear from you on these Subjects & to know whether I 
sh d not remove the Comissarys [ an Acct of Pay 

& Disbursemt 5 , which co d . not come down in time [ 
order payment for it, — I have made out a [ ] it will 

be necessary to give the Ind. for their [ Moderate 

as I could in the [ ] he is a very good Judge of [ 

[ ] 

Cheap purchase for such | 

The people about Canajoharie 
taking away the Materials of that Fo[rt 
applied to me requesting Liberty to remove 
to serve them as a Church, I hope you will have [ 
Indeed, I told them when I had that fort built [ ] 

the Garrison was Withdrawn, & that we had no [ 
might apply it to their own Use. 

The Cheweigh Chief with his party (who M r Johnson Wrote 
you co d . not get a passage from Niagara) is however Since come 

282 Sir William Johnson Papers 

here, & has buisness of importance which he will Speak upon 

Tomorrow, There are Likewise arrived Sev'. Ind s . from the 

Upper Nations, on all which Subjects I hope to write you by 

next post. — 

I shall send the papers you require to the Judge Advocate in 


L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall July 20*. 1768 

I have been favoured with your Excellencys Letter of the 2 A . 
Ins'., and am very sorry that y e . retirement so necessary to the 
restoration of my health, & the Rout which a Swelling in my 
Leggs induced me to take in my way back has deprived me of 
the pleasure of Seeing You at New York. 

Before my return I received sundry dispatches from the Secre- 
tary of State, & amongst them a report of the Board of Trade, 2 
of which doubtless you have a Copy, with an Arrangement which 
I apprehend proceeded from the representation of the inutility of 
Comissarys of Trade (According to the Plan of the Board when 
Lord Hillsborough presided at it) from its being in some respects 
impracticable to establish them in such a manner as would have 
answered the End of their Institution. The Management of the 
Trade is therefore committed to the Colonies, from an expecta- 
tion that they have profited by the Experience of former mis- 
conduct, w ctl . seems to be well known to Government, and which 
I heartily wish may no longer exist. 

As I shall carefully avoid invading a Province Committed to 
Others, I flatter myself there will be no danger of any interfering 
or clashing of Authority. The Concerns of Trade being entirely 
seperated from the powers & Dutys of the Superintendants over 

1 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 22679. fo. 42, London, 
England. The draft of this letter much injured. 

2 Doc. Rd. io Col. Hist. N. Y. t 8:19-34. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 283 

Indian Affairs & Transactions, which are distinct in their Nature, 
and under such peculiar Circumstances as to be only executed by 
an Officer on the part of the Crown On one Uniform & General 
System according to y e . repeated Sense of Government. What- 
ever Matters require the Provinces to be consulted, it shall be 
done, and as in these, and all other particulars I never did, nor 
ever shall lose sight of the general intentions of my appointment, 
so I shall direct my Care, Influence & Experience to the general 
good, at the same time that I shall be always happy in serving 
the Interests of this Province. It would give me great pleasure 
to Attend your Excellency in Council at this time & to Com- 
municate my thoughts on the Management of the Indian Com- 
merce, but as absolute necessity compelled me to go abroad 
during a Summer when not only the Affair of the Boundary & 
y e . many discontents to the Westward required my presence, but 
also when an Important Embassy from the powerfull Nation 
of the Chippawacs was Expected on Matters of the greatest con- 
sequence, and as the Cheif of that Nation is here at my House, 
I must of course despair of Attending. Did not this last cir- 
cumstance demand my Attendance, the uncertainty of my health, 
but above all the preparations necessary for so Important a 
Congress, & the Steps to be imediately taken to appease the 
Disorders to the Westward must of course deny me the pleasure 
of paying you my personal Respects. 

I am very sorry to hear you mention that the most material 
Objects of your late Journey have not answered your Expec- 
tations, as I find that the Land purchases have been all perfected, 
& persuade myself that Co 1 . Johnson would have given you, or 
have received any information preparatory to the Boundary, 
which was all that could then be done, as that is to be settled at 
a General Congress with me, which is only delayed by the dis- 
tance of the Shawanese, Delawares & Ohios, when due regard 
will be paid to all Titles, & when I think it would be necessary 
that New York send Commissioners to be present, as the rest of 
I he Colonies purpose to do, some of whom are now on their 
way. — 

284 Sir William Johnson Papers 

As to the Mohawk dispute about Kayadarosseras I had at 
the repeated desire of the Patentees promised my Assistance & 
Influence with the Indians to have the same Settled in an 
Amicable way, as I persuaded myself the Government would 
be verry well Satisfied if the Indians were so, which I signified 
to his Majestys Secretary of State, & in conformity thereto, I 
instructed my Deputy to give M r . Remsen 1 the Agent from the 
Patentees all reasonable Countenance & favour towards Settling 
that Matter in the way most desired by the Owners, but I find 
that neither they nor he could agree, & that he declined any 
farther terms 'till he had consulted the Patentees. The other 
affair regarding Klock, as it was in the Attorney Generals hands, 
I did not conceive that any thing could be done in it at my House, 
& therefore the papers relative to that affair were not left out. I 
observe that Your Excellency called him down there, & that he 
has brought an Extraordinary charge against M r . Livingston. 

From the tenor of some of y r . Excellencys letters I had some 
reason to doubt of your coming up at that time. Ever since I 
came home I have been verry much, & verry necessarily occupied 
on other Matters but from what little attention I have been able 
to give those Affairs I realy cannot discover, the management 
you hint at, but find everry thing done which I expected, possible 
had I been at Home that Influence which I think I have, might 
(without having been unduly exerted) have operated more in 
favour of the Patentees. I shall therefore be extremely glad that 
you would clear it up to me. In the mean time I am much 
oblidged to your good opinion of my intentions, which I am con- 
fident will always appear Consistent with the Dutys of my Office, 
& the strictest disinterestedness & integrity. 

The Indians of Stockbridge have been with me during my 
late Tour, and are verry earnest to have their Land Dispute 
enquired into in pursuance of his Majestys Order" You may 

1 Peter Remsen 

2 See letter of Sir Henry Moore to the lords of trade, August I 2, I 766, 
Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:849-51. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 285 

recollect that the Land was Judged to be comprehended within 
the Bounds of the Massachusets Bay, but since claimed by M r . 
Ranslear. I have told them that I would mention it to Your Ex- 
cellency, & let them know your Answer. 
I am with perfect Esteem 
Your Excellencys 
Most Obedient 

& verry Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
INDORSED: S r . W m . Johnson July 20 


A. L. S. 
[Reading Town, New Jersey, July 20, 1768] 

i l 

I have disposed [of Nanticoke Indian lands to the amount] 
of Two hundred and fifty Pounds and 1 ] at Johnson 

hall Within four or five [ ] Will admit at which 

Time shall | 1 My Proseading on this Ocation. 

I am 

With the Greatest [ ] 

Your Honnours 

Most Obedent & very hum[ 

Amos Ogden 
To Sir W m . Johnson Bar*. 
ADDRESSED: On his majestys Service 

To Sir William Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hail 
INDORSED: Readingtown Jersey 

July 20*. 1 768 — 
Cap 1 . Amos Ogden — 

286 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A-Df. S. 
Johnson Hall July 20 ih , 1768 

[I ac] knowledge the receipt of y r . last, [ ] 

to Understand that you purpose paying us a Visit [ ] 

will always be verry agreable to me & my Family & Wish [we 
may at] the same time have the pleasure of M rs , Wetherheads 

I arrived here 3 days ago, & finding the intended genr'. 
Congress [ ] near, have sent M r . Adems (who is well 

acquainted with the [prese]nts I shall want) to purchase as soon 
as possible the Quantity of Goods w h . I shall want, & I directed 
him to take from You all that [you] have or can spare of Such, 
but I fear y r . Absence may prove some [ ] disapoint- 

ment. — The 2 Patents are at length come to hand [ 
be glad to receive from You the Ace 1 , of Expences w h . attended 
] ing them, as also the State of my Ace 1 , with You. — 
I shall [ ] Gov r . soon on the Subject of the other Patents. 

The list of Names [sent] you to insert in the Petition of w h . 
Number Peter Servis is princp 1 . [ ] the 5 th . part of that 

purchase made by me of the Oneidaes, when the [ 
came here, & of w h . he, the Genr 1 . M r . Hasenclever &ca were to 
have | ] I am ready to pay my Share when called for, 

or y e Pattent is finished. [As I advan]ced the purchase money 
for the Whole, also for y e . Survey, of w h . [part] near Six Hun- 
dred Pounds due to me, there will be but a [ ] to 
advance. — I would have You deliver in the names w h . [ 
that purpose imediately, that no delay may be pleaded for [ 
tho I am hopefull that has been done already, when y r . presented 
behalf, as this may probably miss you, I shall not 
add [ ] I am y rs &ca 

WJ — 
[ ] Adems £197 Cur ?, being y e . am 1 , of L'. Roberts 

| to deliver up to M r . Adems, when he pays y e . money 
j discharge of w h . I now Send You £92.1.2 Cur ?. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 287 


Stockbridge, July 22 d ', /76S 
[ ] 

| name Perhaps you are a Stranger | 
you with this, on an Affair which perhaps justly 

think me verry Impertinent to meddle with | no] ways concerns 
me or my Particular friends, neither | | in your Govern- 

ment — My having a Pot-Ash [ ] Store for the Same 

in New— Canaan, has given me a [gejneral acquaintance with 
the Inhabitants and lands adjoining [w]here there has been last 
week Such (to me) Uncommon Mus[ter]ings I cannot refrain 
writing you a Short Sketch of them, 

The People Assembled in Diverse places and the Companies 
thus Assembled proceeded to the Choice of Officers, whose 
names [ ] understand are or will be return d , to you for 

Commissions, — This by Some might be call d , Doing well, had 
they made Choise [of] those who were fitt Or the Most fitt 
Among them, But [in] stead of that they have acted in Several 
Instances Intirely [the re] verse; for a Sample He Mention Only 
One Company [ ] one Phillip Frisby is Chosen Captain, 

who has not [ ] One Quallification by Nature or for- 

tune for a Captain, [ ] under Officers are the verry 

Dregs of Human nature [ ] wonder Since those who 

chose them are of the Same [ part of the Body 

Assembled being a Drunken [ offsco]uring of the world — 
How fitt Such persons ( ] officers I leave you to Judge — 

] Among them that are men of would 

Do Honour to Commissions [ who would appear 

[ ] 

] Serve Some of his [ ] to Impose 

upon you with this [ ] leave to Introduce my self to 

you [ ] you I was An Officer in the Servise [ 

whole of the last war, And am known at [Stockbri]dge by the 

288 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Name of Maj r . Gray, And as for [ people in New 

Canaan there is not Any party or Person that I am under Obli- 
gations Or Attachment to, One more than Annother, it being 
my Interest to Stand well with them all in Order lo get their 
Ashes, for which reason I shall be Oblig d , if my writing this may 
be ever a Secret from them — 

I am S r . with the greatest respect & Esteem 
Your most Devoted H b!c , Ser 1 , 

James Gray 
S r . William Johnson 

P : S : I might have Mention d , that one or two of 
the Companies were Compos d , of a Faction where 
party Spirrit were the only principles they 
Acted upon in their Votes for Officers — 


The Hon bIe , 

S r , William Johnson Bart: 

Johnson Hall 


[Johnson Hall, July 23, 1768] 

[ ] 

These Instructions [merely regarded his conduct toward] the 

Indians. — At [his departure he was very desirous of] Some 
Latitude in the Article of Ex[penses, which I did] not then nor 
Since think myself Justified [in granting] him, but on the con- 
trary during a long [conversation] gave him such Verbal Orders 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. Words burned away supplied from 
a copy printed in Journals of Major Robert Rogers, p. 249-50. ed. F. B. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 289 

as I apprehended [would have] been a Sufficient Caution to 
him to Avoid S[uch Expenses] and I make no doubt he had 
the like from the Commander in C[hief] As I [could not accept] 
of his Bills, I Did not keep them in my hands, [consequently] I 
cannot be Exact as to their Ammount, but [to the] very best 
of my recollection the Whole of his [drafts] upon me for Indian 
Expences Since May 17[66(?)] is ab». £5000 N York Curry 
wch were chiefly [said to be] incurred in the Months of June 
& July of that Y[ear] As to the Information which the Gen 1 
desires I should [give] you concerning the delivery of Hopkins's 
Letter' and [the] Conversation that passed thereon, I am to tell 
you that Major Rogers was at that time gone to [his post] That 
I inclosed the Letter to him, [ 

[ • has been such as to bring him into [his present] 


I am 
Hector Theo 5 . Cramahe Esq r . 

account of losses 
D. S. 2 
[Philadelphia, July 23, 1768] 

[ ] 

] Oath which he took on the Holy Evangelists of 
A[lmighty God ] depose and say. That the Goods Charged in 
the above [account | Hundred and ninety four pounds Eleven 
shillings and s[ ] Indian Country under the Care 

of Hambaugh Vandervelden and [ ] amounting to 

Two Thousand One Hundred and eighty five Po[unds] farth- 
ing which they have given in the above Account is the whole 
therefrom Whereby a Loss of One Thousand 

1 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:993. 

2 "Losses sustained by Abraham Mitchel, James and Thomas Dundass 
& Co. by means of Indian depredations." — Johnson Calendar, p. 397. 

8 Several lines missing. 

290 Sir William Johnson Papers 

four Hundred and [eight] one penny Farthing did arrise thereon 
by the Indians seizing th[ ] Country And this 

Affirmant & Deponent further say that it is out of [his power] 
exact Account as the Indians seized all the Books and Papers 
] Prisoner And further this affirmant & Deponent 
say not [ 

sworn at Philad a . the Day & Year aboves d [ ] 

Witnesseth my hand & Seal 

Is. Jones Mayor 

D. S. 1 
[Philadelphia July 23, 1768] 








Vandervelens J/4 part 
] company to Detroit 







£3594 1 1 4 
( ] 1768 

Errors] Excepted 

Abr a . Mitchell 
James & Thomas Dundas 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 397, is entered an account of Isaac Vandcr- 
velden & Frederick Hambugh & Co. with Abraham Mitchell, dated 
Philiada., July 23. Destroyed by fire. 

1 " Sales of the skins of the company [Mitchel, Dundass & Co.] 
brought from Detroit by Isaac Vandervelden."— Johnson Calendar, p. 

2 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 291 


A. L. S. 

Johnson Hall July 27 '"'. 1768 

] y r3 . concerning y e . provisions, and am 
that I purpose holding the Genr 1 Congress at 
[Fort Stanwix], to which place I would have Sixty barrels of 
[flour] 50, of Pork, &c Six of Rice Sent as Soon as y u . please 
[the] Remainder to be left at Co'. Harkemers until farther 
[ord]ers, & that under Cover. — and let that which is left 
[at] Fort Stanwix be put under Cover at the Fort. — 

I shall want a good tight Boat to carry [ ] 

Myself & Company up there as I cannot ride on horseback 
there will also be a Number of tight boats wanted 
to carry up the Present, which as it will be verry 

large, will take [ ] a good many Boats, these Should 

all be ready by the [ ] Middle or 20 ,h . of August at 

farthest. — 

W J 

[To Major] Glen 

INDORSED: July 27 th . 1768 — 

Letter to John Glen Esqr 
concerning Boats 
& Provisions 


Johnson hall July 28"'. 1768. 

I owe you many Apologies for my remissness in Not Answer- 
ing a former Letter of yours besides your favor of the 21st of 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

292 Sir William Johnson Papers 

May which last I received whilst in New England, and neglected 
Answering till my return home, as I did many others, having 
dedicated that Journey to the recovery of my health, to retire- 
ment and relaxation from buisness which I wanted, and am likely 
to want So long as I live, — A Severe Indispositon occasioned 
by Cold Contracted in attending the Congress last Spring to 
make peace between the Northern Indians and Cherokees, occa- 
sioned My Journey to New England & prevented my Answering 
your former Letter. — 

I am Sorry to observe that the Letter you sent me from the 
Society did not contain any thing concerning the late D r . Bar- 
clay's house, they Express however a great desire to establish the 
Missionaries which they Expected would have some Success here 
when as they say the Clergy "had some kind of Assurance that 
a larger Sallary than usual would have been allowed on such 
an Occasion ", and desire My Information concerning the Allow- 
ance proper for a Missionary for this Department. I shall Write 
them as soon as possible being at present greatly & Necessaryly 
hurried in preparations for the Boundary which by his Majestys 
Orders I am to settle between the British Colonies and the Sev 1 . 
Indian Nations, but at present must observe that with regard to 
the Mission at the Mohocks, having the Care of that and the 
Conajoharee Village, I think a Glebe & £70 Ster <P Ann would 
do, and would encourage a Worthy Man in the Discharge of a 
Duty, which would, have for its Object, much More than the 
Indians — When D rs . Barclay & Ogilvie were there, I know 
they had a large Number of Regular Church People (if not 
Communicants) part of Whom now are without Divine Worship 
& the rest go many Miles to attend the Service with other 
Denominations of Christians, at present the Number of 
Whites are greatly increased, and did not the Subject exceed the 
bounds of a Letter, I could Sufficiently demonstrate the absolute 
Necessity there is for Seizing upon the flying Moment, the only 
one which may ever offer. — 

During my late Stay in New England I met with sufficient 
reasons for Justifying my Opinion, — the Superior Zeal of all 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 293 

Dissenters would make them formidable were their Numbers less, 
I don't mean to find fault with Modes of faith but I plainly per- 
ceive that under a Mask of a very different Nature many are 
endeavoring to Weaken & hope to Annihilate the Church of 
England, which I think deserves, and demands protection and 
Indulgence, should they Succeed, their present principles, and 
the History of former times furnish us with suffict authority for 
judging what may be Expected both by the Clergy & Professors 
of that Religion especially in such a Country as this is. — Al- 
bany is I find provided for, And the same Arguments which I 
have made use of in fav r . of the Speedy Establishment of a 
Mission for the Mohawks will in a great Measure operate in 
favor for Schenectady & Johnstown, as to the last, it is a place 
where there are Sev 1 . Indians constantly & many hundreds 
Occasionally, — Schenectady indeed will not have for its Object 
the Indians, but it is hard that people whose Zeal has induced 
them to lay out the Utmost they can in purchasing Ground & 
building a Good Church Should meet with so Severe a dis- 
appointment, when in a very few Years, they will be enabled to 
defray the Whole Expence of a Clergyman — As to Johns- 
town besides the Church wch was built at a large expence I 
have Just finished a Snug house for a Clergyman, but have 
heard nothing lately of [M r Seaberry 1 ] One. I wish you wo d . 

1 Erased. In a letter of October 1 , 1 768, to Dr Daniel Burton, Mr 
Seabury wrote: " With regard to the mission at Johnson Hall, Sir William 
hath not sufficiently explained himself. The greatest allowance that he 
hath proposed is £30 Sterling per ann, besides a House and 20 acres of 
Glebe; this with the Society's Salary, would be insufficient, considering 
the great numbers of Indians, that must be occasionally entertained by the 
Missionary, if he would acquire or support any Influence among them. 
It is moreover uncertain what Provision would be made in Case of S r . 
Williams Death. . . I have a Wife and five Children." Society for 
the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. B series. Vol. 2. New 
York, 1 759-82. Part II. Transcript in Library of Congress, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

294 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Inform me about him. and also concerning the School Master you 
proposed for the Mohocks, as they ardently wish for them. — 
The Offer I made regarding Lands for the Service of the 
Church would I persuade myself if its Value was Justly known 
in England have been Seriously Considered Any other proof 
which I can give of my Zeal on so laudable an Occasion shall 
not be wanting — At present I can only Express my desire to 
hear from you on these Subjects and My Assurances of being 

D r Sir &ca 
INDORSED: July 28 th 1768 — 

To the Rev d . D r Auchmuty 



[Captajin Forbes 1 34 lh Reg 1 : to General Gage. 

Dated Fort Chartres, Ilinois 28 th July, 1 768 

I have the honor to acquaint Your Excellency that I have 
just recieved a Letter from One of my Correspondents at S l : 
Vincent, in which he says that the Indians of the Village were 
just arrived with Nine English Scalps, and Eight Horses Loaded 
with Peltry &ca &ca They Attacked a Hunting Party upon the 
Shawanese 2 River that left that Place in April last, killed and 
Scalped most of them, and on the 3 d - Instant Attacked a Party 
of Virginia Hunters upon the Green River which empties itself 
into the Ohio about Thirty Leagues below the fails. Killed One 
Man and took another Prisoner, who made his escape and came 
to this place; I hear their Chiefs intend coming here to beg 
Peace and forgiveness; I shall detain them Prisoners till Your 
Excellency's Pleasure be known, or they deliver me the Men 
that committed the Murders. 

1 Captain Gordon Forbes, successor to Lieutenant Colonel John Reed 
as commandant at Fort Chartres. 
2 1 he Cumberland river. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 295 


In the American Antiquarian Society, printed by C. H. Lincoln in 
Transactions, 1 1 :48-49, is a draft of a letter of July 28th to William 
Franklin, mentioning Johnson's return from the seaside, examining the new 
system of management of Indian trade, based on colonial control, and 
hinting that New Jersey should be represented at the treaty for settling 
the boundary line. 


Johnson hall July 28* 1768. 

M r Wharton delivered me your kind favor of [the 24th] of 
May whilst I was at the Sea Coast of [N E]ngland to endeavor 
to recover some health and Strength after a dangerous indisposi- 
tion which reduced me to the lowest Extremity, and as Ease, 
Change of Air, & retirement from that Bustle which I am here 
always involved in were the principal Causes of my Journey, I 
omited answering any Letters till my return, which I dare say 
will Apologize for my Silence 

I have received Ample Orders Concerning the Boundary 
Line; which only waits the Arrival of those Indians from the 
Southward, who from their Vicinity to the Settlements &ca 
should be party s to the Treaty [As] for the Subject of the rest 
of your Letter you must [ since have heard that 

amongst other American [manage] ments, the Management of 
Trade is Committed [to the] Care & Charge of the Several 
Colonies, the Superintend [ents' salaries are] Encreased and a 
Small Limited Ann' Allowance fixed [ ] paying the 

Expences of Indian Affairs, part Expected, accord- 

ing to the Extracts [ trans ]mit me, and your | 

with Mine, that [ ] 

[ ] 

Confined to the di [rection 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

296 Sir William Johnson Papers 

with regard to the Trade, [ 
will be found to require an Atten[ 
and Expensive a Nature, that there | 
apprehend the Colonies will hardly be 
Unity of Measures, and proportion of Expen[ses 
which the whole may be thrown into Con [fusion.] 
INDORSED: Speaker of Pennsylvania 



Johnson hall July 28 lh 1768.— 

I did not receive your favor of the | ]till three days 

ago, owing to its having ] by the Way of New 

London. — 

I have heard often of M r Upton, who if I mistake not was to 
have had some Concern in Lord Hollands share in the Tract 
purchased by me 2 years ago for some Noblemen & Gentlemen 
on the N Side, of the Mohock River above the German flatts, or 
else, in one made at the same time South of that River, A Large 
purchase was lately made When the Gov r . was at my house of a 
Tract Lying between the Delaware [and] Susquehanna, perhaps 
his Concerns may be there. — [I am] really at a Loss where it 
lies, — The Governor, or some [ N York (perhaps 

M r Kelly may be able to give [you the In] formation concern- 
ing it, which when I am [better acquainted with, I shall Gladly 
give you any [ ] Information regarding the Soil, or 

] ary to M r . Uptons interest. — I should 

have of not get enough even 
& Relaxation from Business, 
Vain endeavoring to obtain, — [ 
Seemed the most private, but those 
Soon found me out, and I could not 
Tho Visited by Numbers I did not see 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 297 

he was probably afraid my Morals might [ 
to Loose for him — 

I Shall be always glad to See [ ] 

from you, as I am 

D r Sir &ca 


L. S. 

[Shamokin, July 29, 1768] 

[ 1 

[In consequence] of your Letter of the 23 d . of April to John 
[Blair the] President of the Council of Virginia, we were direct 
as Commissioners at a Congress therein appointed 
to | | this Time & Place. As we could get no further 

Intelligence] concerning this affair either from white people or 
Indians (for of the latter we have seen several) we thought [it] 
expedient to consult you & for that purpose have wrote [ 
the Post, but as we thought it not improbable that that Letter 
might miscarry or be long on the road we have concluded to 
send this by express. We purpose to stay about this place till 
we receive your further Instructions which we hope will be 
[so] on being under an absolute necessity of attending at a Con- 
gress [to] be held with the Cherrokees at Chiswell's mines on the 
borders [of] north Carolina about the 25 th of Oct r . If you 
should think ] other place more convenient for this 

expected Congress, [than] Shamokin we had rather attend at 
it than return [without] carrying some satisfactory account to 
our President ] , provided we can be discharged 

from this Business by the last of September. 

The bearer our | | Cap 1 . John Doudy was here pre- 

paring for his | hunt; & we not being able to find 

1 General Andrew Lewis, of Virginia, a celebrated Indian fighter and 
revolutionary patriot. 

2 Dr Thomas Walker, of Virginia, explorer. 

298 Sir William Johnson Papers 

any other [ ] agreed to send him with this letter 

] the Journey have given him sixteen [ 
that you will generously [ 

i ] 

To The Hon'ble Sir William Johnson B [ ] 

INDORSED: Ans d . 18th Aug 1 , by a Letter 
to M r Tho s - M c Kee — 


A. D. S. 

[July 30, 1768] 

S r . W m Johnson D r To Jn° De Peyster 

[ ] 1 To fyles by Andries Wimp £1 7 

July 30 To 50 of Lath Nails 2 10 

£3 17 

S r . above you have a Small Ace 1 . 

I am With Respect 


Your Humb Sarv 1 

Jn° De Peyster 


Sir W m Johns [on] 

Jo[hnson Hall] 
INDORSED: John Depeysters Ace 1 

£3. .17..- 

Extracts of a letter to General Cage from the Ilinois 

July, 1768 

The immence Expence attending the Indian Department must 
be a considerable Burthen to the Crown if all the other Nations, 

1 Apparently written by the commandant at Fort Chartres, Captain 
Gordon Forbes, of the 34th regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 299 

on the Continent are so plentifully Supplyed as those in this 
Neighbourhood — I have for some time observed that the more 
Presents they receive, the oftner they Return, and are less con- 
tented; and that their chief dependance rests more upon his 
Majesty's Bounty, than their own industry; for while they are 
supplied with Necessary's, and Provisions, they never move from 
their Village, but beging and hanging upon the Inhabitants, 
which gives them such a habit of Idleness (particularly the four 
Tribes in this District) that they are by the constant use of 
Spirituous Liquors become Effeminate and Debilitated: so much 
that nothing can be apprehended, from such a Dasterdly Race 
of Cowards, who impute, the bounty they Receive, [proceeds] 
from fear not of Love. — 

The Commissary I believe Acts for the best, and takes [ 
the greatest pains to keep them in our Intrest, which is [easily ] 
as the French at present have no occasion for their Service, [and] 
gives them Presents but of small Value. — 

As it may be necessary to give them presents Annualy, 
should be purchased at the lowest Prices, and 
could be bought considerably under the price, the Government 
is at present Charged with. Viz 1 . Lead that is Charged 25 Sols 
p r : wt [could] be had for 17, Spirits Issued at fifteen Livers 
could be procured at eight or Nine p r : Gallon, Blankets, 
Strouds, and all other Articles in proportion, which would con- 
siderably reduce Publick Expence. — Please pardon 
this | which] I would not have offered, but the distance we are 
here from [the] World, conceals many things from your knowl- 
edge [which] cannot be divin'd without some Information, 
my duty to discover Abuses, that I hope to be 
[of without falling under the Character of an 
In [former] 

INDORSED: Extract of a Letter from 
the Ilinois, to Genr 1 . Gage 

300 Sir William Johnson Papers 


July, 17 68' 
I ] 

[ ] of the 23 d Ult°. by Capt Trent & Observe 

] M r Roberts's Draft on you ^ £30 & among 

] for your kind promise to Send me down the £167 

] that Gentleman's old Account with me - — I have by this 

[ ] Sent M r Byrne's Df on you to Col Croghan, desiring 

him [to de] liver it to you, because it ought to be a Voucher to 
you of the [mon]ys being paid — by Col Croghan's desire I 
have Also Sent him Coll Campbell's Certificate in M r La Bute's 
favour for £85.14.3% he tells me the money is in your hands 
& that you will Send it by him. 

You may assure yourself Sir I will Send you the Sea Water 
as Soon as it can be got — I have Sent yesterday to Sea by one 
of the Pilate boats on whose Return I shall get it & will then 
Send it according to your Directions — if that Shoud fail — I 
am next week going a few Leagues out to Sea & shall take Care 
to get it myself & on my Return purpose to come up to Johnson 
Hall Shoud you therefore want any thing else, you may depend 
I will take Care to bring it up with me — 

Harry Van Schaack acquaints me that He Shall Very Soon 
return from Detroit to Albany & Shall leave our Concerns in the 
hands of M r Edward Mumford or M r Allan M c Dougall — do 
permitt me Sir to ask the favour of you to write a Letter to M r 
Jehu Hay recommending both of the above persons to his friend- 
ship and protection — As I have already felt the happy Effects 
of your | Mentioning to him of my Affairs, during M r 

Van Schaack's | | there — if you will be So obliging as 

to mention Mr Mumford | | Hay, I Shall be perfectly easy 

& satisfied that I shall ]d End of that troublesome & 

1 An indorsement which has been burned off indicated that the letter 
was written in July 1 768. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 301 

unfortunate Concern [ ] will begg Leave to remind you 

of the patent I mentiond to you [ ] the Name of 

Peter Sarvis & his Associates — please [ ] Governor 

that you had not orderd me to pay for it & [ ] your 
Government these are the ffees — 

[ ] £12.10 ¥ M £312.10 

[ ] £ 4 $ M 100 - 

] ^ M 125 - 

[ ] 75 - 

Mr Banyar will not be paid for [ 
of Brackens, he Says you promised [ 
you Concerning the Matter — I have p [ 
he had long ago & the other day demanded [ 
So that I took a fresh Receipt & now Send it you [ 
to be paid £5 for the Small patent, which he tells me [ 
pay him no more than £1.10, which is the proportion of [ 
for As the other offices dont charge more — I see no Cause [ 
him a present of £3.10 for nothing — this I have insisted [ 
I shall force him to comply with my own Terms' — I have paid 
[ ] for the other patent of 1 8000 Acres a £5 — 

I remain with Sincere Regard & Esteem 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson B' 

^ Capt Trent 

1 It is shown by the Johnson Calendar, p. 398, that this discussion 
relates to Mr Colden'n charges. 

302 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Montreal 3 d . Aug 1 . J 768. 
I ] 

] last of 22 d . Ult°. I have been at Quebec to 
] Gov r . Carleton ab'. some Ind n Matters concerning 
[the bound 1 jaries of their Lands, which I hope now will by 
[the Sep r .] Sess s . be settled in their favour. The Gov r . asked 
[me at] the same time whether you did not give me any 
[papers] relative to Maj r . Rodgers AfK I told him you was 
[not] returned from the Seacoast when I left home, he is an 
entire Stranger to his last Plot with the Frenchman [and] I 
could give him no particulars as I knew but a little [about] it 
and y' by hear say. Chief Justice Hay told me [that] in Com- 
mon Law the Affid'. could not hurt him. — [RJodgers wants to 
prolong his Tryal upon several presences] and desires to be 
tried by a civil Court, which [Mr.] Hay told me he would 
endeavour to evade by having [his cr]ime changed Mutiny (he 
standing now indicted [for hig]h Treason a Crime under the 
Cognizance of the [civil law) ] and the former under that of the 
Military [ ] The Governour asked me if I knew ab'. 

the late Alterations [in the Dep]artment I replied I did some- 
thing, he told [ ] be very glad to continue me in his 
Province [ ] persuade M rs . Claus to live here. I told 
him [ ] thing ab'. it as yet expecting to hear 

] as being but just arrived before [ 
I am confident he knows but [ the whole Managem' 

[ ] 

And I am told S 1 . Luc Le Cor[ne this Spring in his 

Jaunt up the [ ] River told it in Confidence to an 

] that the King had thanked you for your [ 
dis] missed you, and gave the Managem' to [others. I told thel 

1 Words supplied from an extract in Journals of Major Robert Rogers, 
p. 250-51. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 303 

Ind ne . that spoke to me ab'. it (one of them [ ] that so 

far from that the King confirmed you [in your de]partm'. 
augmented your Salary, and thinking [matters of trade(?)] 
too trifling & incompatible when compared with [ ] 

Affairs of the Ind ns . committed the former into [the 
of the Provinces, which only they were to con[cern them] selves 
ab'. and by no means interfere with the [ ] which 

pleased the Ind ns . to hear. 

One of the Gov rs . Confidants told me, that the [expenses] o 
that Trip amounted very high (Perthuis [ 
100 DolK by it:) and he having lately received [ 
General Gage by no means to incurr any Ind [expenses on 
the Crowns Acco'. as they would not be paid, [ 
him to a Stand how to get them paid, his provi [ 
wretchedly poor as to defray them; His pr[esents 
are generally very improperly bestowed, [ 
he gave last year to a parcell of Lazy [vagabonds 
great Jealousies of the better deserving 
Trouble to make them easy. S' Luc [ 
formerly in the Ind n . Service, [and 
expect I believe to be employ [ 
but they will find themselves [ 
cant lavish away | 


] Master; There is now a genera 

The upper Ind". Nat s . as well as the 

the French will soon retake this Country 

]dustriously spread by some french Emisaries 

with an Acco'. of the Disturbances at Boston 

the flighty Frenchman in Canada cannot 

con[ceal his] inward Satisfaction those Riots give him when 

[he] asks the Detail of them of an Englishman, notwithstande. 

[they] are published every week in the Quebec Gazette in their 

[own] Language. 

M r . Gale the Bearer of this who hurrys [down] on Acco 1 . 

304 Sir William Johnson Papers 

his Companion M r Livingston who is going [ ]try 

for M r . French' place, obliges me to send this with [ 
writing to any Body near the River where fore must j 
you will remember me to all and that I intend to [ 
by next post. I could wish S r . John would take the 
of Canada this fall. By a Letter reed last Saturday | 
Maj r . Dan 1 Campbell of 22 d Ult°. I saw with the utmost [ 
your Return from the springs in health, w^ I hope to [ 
confirmed from home by next post. 

[I remjain with Duty & tenderest Regard 

Hon d . Sir 

Your Obedient Son 

Dan. Claus 
] ab l . Potters 
] relating to 


] with Ind ns . in great parties, 
| never Saw white people before. 
] find he will be down 

] ported in his [ ] 

A. L. S. 

New London August 4 th . 1768 
f ] 

I have a Letter from our Friend M r Wharton [which tells] 
me you had Reached Albany the 14 ,h of July I] hope in 

a Better state of health than when [you] left new London which 
which gives me the most pleasure — I was in great 

Pain & Really [feard] Very much for you on Acct. of the Con- 
tinual | you have] had and the Dismal accounts I heard of 
[you on the] road — but God of his infinite mercy be praised 
you have got over them, and I hope he will 

Past-War Period, 1763-1774 


of my Earnest Solicitation for the Perfect 
[restoration of your health — 

When I wrote you last I was not able [ 
Particular with Regard to the Sons of [Licentious] ness in 
Boston — it seems those Gentry [ ] Easie at seeing 

any Branch of the Customs [ ] of Commissioner 

Remain in their Great [ ] on the 1 1 th . of July they 

made a the house] of John Williams Esq r Inspector 

[general ] a Probability of more [ ] 

inspected they Summon'd him to appear before them the Next 
day [ ] morning had printed Bills of which [the 

enclosed is a] Copy put up in Every Part of the [town 
it seems this Couragious band did not [ 
at the Place appointed and M r . Williams [ 
Spirited behavour prevented their [ 
insolence to him — I also inclose you [ 
Print or Carractature of the 1 7 Gentlemen 1 [ 
for Complying with the Kings Requisition [ 
you'l plainly Perceive how those per [sons are] treated wh 
would be Loyall & Decent. 

M r Harrison the Collector [ 
his Lady Son & Daughter arrived here [ 
M r Harrison is not Recover' d from [ 
Received in his Breast by a Brut[ 
Assault on the Officers of the Customs [ 
it is imposible to point out [ 
matters thier when Government [ 
an End and where Every one 
Neighbour — where it [ 
scoundrill or Villian 

a Bell Crying Fire &ca and then direct 


1 Seventeen members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives 
had voted to rescind the circular letter of the House to the assemblies of the 
other colonies sent in protest against the revenue acts and the method of 
enforcement. See Narrative and Critical History of America, 6:42—45. 

306 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] what object he Pleases — a Fine 
[ ]tion this and from which Some of 

] Very Gentry who have incouraged these things 
I ] not free from the Terrors of — yet all 

[ ] in the Clammour against Acts of Parliment 

[ ] — I have not heard how the Sons of 

Liberty in this Colony Propose to behave when matters Come 

to a Period which surely they will soon but am informed one 

smith of New York has [ ] his Letters 

amongst them on Religious affairs [ ] the Dismal 

Consequences of a Bishop — I hope Soon | be able to 

tell you which of the Smiths this [is] 

[M r Harrison desired me to present Respects to 

you and Sir John and wishes been so happy as to 

have been in New [London] while you had been here — I 

have ] the Boston Papers Every week and 

[ ] to do so — M rs Chew who is [ ] 

desires her best Compliments [ ] hear your health is 

better than when you left us — I hope after you 

over the great Bussiness your absence fr[om 

must occasion I shall have a Line from | 

will only just say my whole & intire dependence is] upon your 

kindness and goodness, and that [ 

I will be the most Greatfull Person Living 

things Could I say on this subject but am | 

to trouble you — have just heard that | 

Arrived last Wensday at New York — the 

her you will have before this gets to hand 

my best Respects to Sir John Col°. Johnson 

Croghan and our other Friends, and am [ 

most dutifull Regard & most sincere wish | 

health and happiness 

Dear Sir 
Your [ ] 

[ ] 

PoslWar Period, 1763-1774 307 

The Hon ble Sir William Johnson 

Boston July 16*. 1768 

[This] is to inform the Publick that John Williams Esq r 
(who tho Born in America [has] taken a Commission for In- 
spector General [of] his Majestys Customs in America, and 
thereby become an Actor in the Conspiracy [form]ed against 
his native Country) has promised to meat the Friends of Liberty 
this [ ] at 12 °Clock at the Town House where Every 

person is desired to attend who has any [con]cern for the Public 

God Save the King 
[ ] with the News Papers 


D/. 1 

Johnson Hall Aug ( . 5"'. 1768. 
Dear Sir 

Since mine of the 20 th ult°. I have received your favor of the 
18 !h . to M r . Johnson. The Chipweigh Chief who notwithstand- 
ing the Obstructions given to his Journey, at last found means to 
come down has had sev 1 . Conferences with me, the purport of 
his Journey was to inform me of the discontents to the Westward 
& of Belts which he declares have come from the Misisipi thro' 
all their Nations, that some had already accepted of them, & 
that the Chipeweights waited his return to know what Steps they 
should take. I have given him sev 1 . Speeches to deliver to his 
people, and a handsome present to carry Home to them — 
According to my accounts The Western Indians seem afraid & 
apprehensive of the Six Nations, & this corresponds likewise with 
M r . Chabert's Letter which you transmitted, tho' I do not place 
much Confidence in his Opinion, or proposals, because I cannot 
help thinking that his Wishes are unfavorable to us, as I know 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in the hand- 
writing of Guy Johnson. 

308 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Attachment of these people to their Countrymen, & besides 
have rec d . so many accots of his Infidelity, which surely cannot 
all be goundless, — The time begins to draw near for the Gen 1 '. 
Congress to Settle the Boundary as I presume the Shawanese 
&c (if they come at all) Are now on their way & as I hear that 
the Commiss rs from sev 1 . of the Governments are Set out. There 
are some points I would willingly settle previous thereto — In 
the first place whether for the reasons I have given in a former 
Letter I ought not to continue the Line from Owegy, so as to 
form a Boundary between this Province & them, & whether 
those Provinces, (viz f . N Jersey & Maryland) who are not 
actually concerned in it, ought not to send Commissioners, as it 
may be necessary that all the Governments Enact Laws for pre- 
venting any of their People from Transgressing the Line, invited 
by the Quality of the Soil, &c altho' some of them may not 
border upon it & also with regard to the Sentiments of the Gov- 
ernors which seem to be that the Boundary of each Province 
should be particularly settled altho' I think it is Inconsistent with 
the Original design & impracticable at the Congress — please to 
favor me with your advice & thoughts hereupon — The long 
dispute ab f Kayadarosseras is at Length brought to a Conclusion, 
the late Attempt to Settle it when the Gov r . was here in my ab- 
sence having proved ineffectual, Their Agent not agreeing to the 
offers made by the Ind s & Not having produced any Original 
Deed — - The Patentees therefore Applied again & Sir H 
Moore Wrote ab f it & the Ind s - Wearied out in Waiting for 
redress from home, & having had the Deed I mentA produced to 
them have been at length induced to Relinquish their title to that 
patent, the Attorneys paying them 5000 dollars. 1 
His Excellency 

Gen 1 Gage 

1 In the Library of Congress is a Force Transcript of the letter sent to 
Gage, which, with slighter points of difference, has the following : 

I am dear Sir 

Your most obdt humble servant, 

William Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 309 

A. L. S. 1 
Johnson Hall August 5 lh . 1768 


Amidst a great deal of hurry I have Just time to acquaint 
Your Excellency that in consequence of the Arrival of the 
Patentees Attorneys & agreable to your Letter of the 18 th . Ult°., 
I called the Mohawks, & again laid the Affair of Kayadarosseras 
before them, and having just received the Survey of the Creek 
Which has been returned by y e . Surveyor upon Oath, and the 
Attorney having brought up with him an Original Indian Deed 
not before produced. I was enabled to recommend the Matter 
to the Indians in such a light as at last produced their consent 
to relinquish their pretensions to the Patent", according to the 
Survey made by which the head of Kayadarosseras does not 
appear Scituated so much to the Advantage of the Patent as was 
Supposed, And the Indians accordingly executed a Release. 
The Patentees paying them 5000 Dollars, & Releasing such 
Tracts as were affected by the Patent. 

The Attorneys having requested a copy of the Proceedings, 
are now furnished with one, which, I suppose You will see, the 
Hurry in my Office now, & the Absence of my Clerk, would 
not afford time for a Copy, that, w^. the Atty s . Got, was taken 
out of the Records by themselves, and Examined by my Deputy, 
but Should you want one, I shall send it as soon as possible, — 
I hope this Dispute is now happily terminated, as the Indians 
appear Satisfied thro' my Assurances, by the producing an 
Original Deed & by being able to Judge with certainty of the 
head of the Creek. 

1 In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 22679. fo. 44, London, 

2 The patent of Kayaderosseras is preserved in the office of the clerk 
of Saratoga county at Ballston Spa, N. Y., according to A. W. Holden's 
History of the Town of Queensbury. 

310 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

As to the papers & ca . locked up, I realy did not apprehend 
that they would have been wanted, I should have been glad that 
they were better known & more publick, I locked my study with- 
out any particular Motive, it is my constant practice when I go 
from Home, (w c! \ is but Seldom) and I did not conceive that 
any old Transactions were necessary to an Amicable Settlement. 
Complaints were formerly exhibitted against Kayadarosseras 
One of which, I remember was in 1 754, at Albany, but since 
y e receipt of Your letter I have not been able to make a thorough 
search in the Commissioners Minutes, who then had the Manage- 
ment of Indian Affairs, which, I had then for some time 
declined, & did not reassume till I had the Royal 
Appointment, and I must Observe that their Minutes were in 
general kept on loose sheets of paper, not entered fairly in Books, 
that many of those Entrys were so Illegible, & the Orthography 
& ca . so bad that some of them are at present unintelligible, & 
altho' I collected all that I could & had thern bound into 
Volumes, I have never been able to find the Whole, so that there 
are Chasms of above a Year in some places, but if you mean 
this Meeting of 1 754, As it was before the Governor & Council, 
it will doubtless be found on their Minutes. 1 

The Mohawks (greatly alarmed at a Survey made thro their 
low lands at y e . time yy. Excellency was up here) have most 
earnestly requested that some Method be fallen upon to Secure 
their Village & planting grounds to them & their Posterity, So 
as it may not be in the power of any of them to dispose of prop- 
erty therein, I judge it necessary to recommend this to Your 
Excellencys Attention, as in case it can be done, it will prove 
highly agreable to them, & ease their present doubts. 

1 Johnson resigned the Indian agency on July 5, 1751. Wraxall's 
abridgment of records of Indian affairs ends with records of that year. 
In 1752 Wraxall was appointed secretary of Indian affairs. In 1753 
he was secretary of the meeting at New York, June 12-16, between 
Governor Clinton and Mohawks, and in 1 754 of the Albany congress, 
June 19-July 1 1. From May 15, 1 755, until his death in 1 759 he pre- 
pared the records of Indian affairs with little interruption. Johnson received 
the appointment of superintendent of Indian affairs on April 14, 1755, 


Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 311 

In my last I gave You the reasons which prevent my Attend- 
ance in Council, & I persuade myself they will be deemed a 
Sufficient Apology, but, whatever may be judged necessary with 
regard to my Opinion on the Subject You have mentioned shall 
be freely Communicated by me, as I am with much Esteem 

Your Excellencys 
Most Obedient 
& Verry Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
I am so hurried at present 
that I wrote the first page 
of this letter before I discovered 
that I had begun on y e . wrong side. — 
His Excellency 
Sir Henry Moore Bar 1 . 
INDORSED: S r . W m . Johnson 

Aug". 5 th . 1 768. 

Sir H M's writing. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 398, is listed a letter of the 5th from Jno. 
Brown, Schonactady, inquiring about Mr Murray, saying that the congre- 
gation would be willing, if he be suitable and approved by Johnson, to 
pay him £40 a year and mentioning the rivalry of the Presbyterians. 
(Printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:383; Q, 4:241.) 

A. L. S. 

New York7 l K August 1768 
[Dear] Sir 

I was honored with yours of the 27 th . & 31 st . Ult°. last Night, 
and shall make it my study to fulfill your Orders in every par- 
ticular as far as in my power lies — At the same time am afraid 

312 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I shall not be able to Compleat your Memd m . of Goods for the 
Congress, owing to the Scarceity of some of the principal Articles 
viz*. Blankets, Aurora, Fuzees, Silver Lace for the Coats & 
Hatts, the rest of the Articles have almost ready. I Expect the 
Answer of a Letter from Philadelphia [ ] last Wednes- 

day) to morrow, and if any [disappoint] ment in procuring the 
above Goods shall imediately sett off, and you may [be] 
assured Sir, that I will not delay an [ ] than is neces- 

sary. The Pacquet is not yet Arrived tho' Sail'd above 12 
Weeks. I desired [Mr] Phyn to send 30M Black & 1 5ft White 
Wa[mpum] which hope you have received, & am with [the] 
greatest respect. 

Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 

Your Most Obed [ ] 

Humble servant 

Rob t . Adems 
Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 


A. L. S. 1 

New York August 7 ih : 1768 

I have received your Letter of the 20 th July with the Account 
inclosed. M r Croghan should confine himself to his own 
Accounts, and not have Dealings with other People's Expendi- 
tures. A man nothing more than a Canadian Vagabond sends 
in an Ace 1 : of £900. which belongs to M r . Croghan & M r . Cole. 
Col°. Reed" has also certified it, as he has done every thing 
brought to him: I formerly told you that I should recall that 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

- Lieutenant Colonel John Reed, of the 34th regiment. For a brief 
description of his rule while in command of Fort Chartres, see Great 
Britain and the Illinois Country, p. 60 by C. E. Carter. 

Past-War Period, 1763-1774 313 

officer from the Ilinois, He is now on his way to Philadelphia 
and Since his leaving Fort Chartres, People have talked and 
wrote. I send you an Extract of a Letter which I lately received 
from thence concerning Indian Expences, and the Prices paid for 
the Goods. 

Captain Maturin will settle with M r : Adams the Cash wanted 
for the Purchase of the Presents for the ensuing Congress, and 
also your Accounts transmitted. The Contractors Agents have 
not a sufficient Quantity of Cash in hand to answer these 
Demands, but will draw as fast as possible for it. 

The Board of Trade forgot this Province entirely in their 
Report concerning the Boundary with the Indians which if fixed, 
must not be passed either by Purchase or otherwise and I appre- 
hend also that Sir Henry Moore will soon be of that opinion. 

The Noise and Complaints of Indian Expences have been so 
great, that the Reform made in that Department does not sur- 
prize, I have some time expected that the whole would have been 
laid aside, and every Post withdrawn. The only Posts now to 
be maintained are Missilimakinac, Detroit, & Niagara with 
Forts Pitt and Chartres. The two last yet under Consideration 
whether to be abandoned or not. The Posts are the great and 
constant Drains of Cash for Indian Presents. The two last I 
have mentioned, equal the Expences of half the rest of your 
whole Department. There are no Posts to the Southward and 
much is saved from that Circumstance; but the Nations there 
are very Numerous. I should think it best that a new staff 
Necessary for your Department, agreeable to the present 
Reform, should be made out, and then transmitted home, with 
proper Remarks on the Necessity of such an Establishment, 
omitted in the Report of the Board of Trade. This would be 
thought more regular at home and agreeable to their Forms of 
having Estimate of Expences. 

With respect to Fort Hendrick, it is best to let the Indians 
do what they please with it, as you formerly promised them, 
when the Garrison should be withdrawn. 

314 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am glad the Chippewa Chief has found his way to you 
notwithstanding the Efforts of the Traders to prevent it. They 
are a vile Race, and we shall see soon how finely the Provinces 
will manage them. 

The Commissarys for the Trade ought certainly to be re- 
moved ; as soon as the Service will permit. I don't find that any 
Resolutions have yet been taken here respecting the affairs of 
the Indian Trade. They will probably be postponed till the 
Meeting of the Assembly which has been, for certain Reasons 
it's supposed prorogued till Setpember. 

I am very glad to hear your Health is Mended by the Tour 
you have lately taken. Another Jaunt to the Springs May 
reestablish you quite. They are not far from you, and you 
would be always within Call. 

I am with great Regards, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage. 
Sir W m . Johnson Bar*. 
INDORSED: N York Aug* 7 th . 1768 

From Gen 1 . Gage 

A. L. S. 

New ijork the 7th August 1768 
I ] 

1 your very Agreable Favour the Contents 
| very much Obliged to you for the Money | 
to pay me, the Dfts & receipts Shall be Sent you [by 
Adems] to whom I shall deliver them the Instant the Money 
but I am Sorry to tell you there is Some Difficulty 
about Its of a Frenchman wch arc included in Col 

Croghan's Ace', [for] which Reason the Generall has not yet 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 315 

paid M r Adams any [money] — I waited on that great Man 
M r Maturin on Fryday by [Mr] Adams's desire to desire to 
know the Meaning of this Conduct [ ] told me the rest 

of the Accounts woud undoubtedly be paid, but [he coud] not 
tell what the Generall woud do about the Fenchman's Ace'. 

] mentiond for that Col Croghan had no Right to let 
that Scoundrel! have Such a Summ — however I 

fancy he will [recon]sider of it — I likewise waited on the 
Governor about the [ ] Patent for Peter Servis & others 

& read that part of your Letter to [him] wch respected the 
Money due to you from the Patentees; the [Governor] told me 
it was very true, but that Lord Holland was to [ | you 

& that He expected the Next packett woud bring orders 

] Somebody from his Lordship for the Money — I 
then desird [he would] immediately issue orders for the Patent 
to be prepared [which he] accordingly did & I carried them to 
M r Colden & as I shall [ ] of yours in my hands I 

will pay him his fees which [ | £125 & shall push the rest 

through as fast as [ The amount] of the Fees for the Whole 
patent will be [ ] M r Colden at £5 £125 

[ ] £4 100 

[ ] 3 75 

I am much obliged to you [ 
She woud most cordially accept of 
both be away at the Same Time — I 
but have been detained from time to time | 
My good friend Col Croghan — because I had giv [ 
I woud pay all his Drafts now — I thought it woud 
appearance to go away till those Matters were Cleard up [ 
I coud by no means do untill I coud either See him or R[eceive 
Money from him, besides I had a good deal of Money to [ 
Own Account & it would make me uneasy to be absen 
Circumstances, especially as it is partly for Bills 
drawn | | by Mr Van Schaack for Severall Articles for the 

316 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Use of [ ] which He tells me He has purchased at Detroit 

in order to [ ] with Larger Remittances in good Bills 

— however I shall [ ] have the pleasure of Seeing 

you & in the mean Time rem[ain] with the greatest Sincerity & 

Sir you most Obliged Hble Ser[ 

John Wetherhead 
I Sent you a Cask of Sea Water by M r Phyn, who promised 
me to take Care & forwar[d 
I took it up myself at a distance from the [Land 
fancy you will find it exceeding good — I w [ 
but was afraid they woud be [ 

I will be much obliged to You Sir, if you [ 

a few Days ago — Moses M Hays & [ 

Notes of hand of the 

I remember right [ j 

[ ] 

] remitt me the Money to pay [ 
[I under] stand they did not return the Notes [ the 

payments please likewise to let [ M r Graham will 

wait till he comes to town | for his protested Bill — 


[August 8, 1768] 

I have had the favor of your & M r . 2 [ Letter from 

Harris's ferry, and am sorry to find that you have through some 
mistake been misled with regard to the time & place for holding 
the Gen 1 . Congress. It was intended to have been held about 
the latter end of July but the Dispatches to M r . Croghan for 
Calling the Shawanese and Delawares upon that occasion, hav- 
ing missed of him on the Road, the Message to the Indians was 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 The other Virginia commissioner was Thomas Walker. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 317 

greatly retarded So that it will be [ ] Weeks yet before 

they can come to the place of [ ] which will be at or 

about Fort Stanwix on the [Mohawk] River, as the most con- 
venient place for the [ ] of those Nations of Indains 
who are interested [ ] Line, & who only wait the 
Arrival of [the Shawanese in] order to come to the place 
appointed: [ ] My House, I expect [ 
hand, after which I [ ] 

A. L. S. 

Montr 1 . 10 lh Aug 1 1768 

[ ] 

] will have delivered you my Letter of 
w lfl . one inclosed from Gen 1 . Carleton, I [ 
in my first forgot to mention that Mr Chinn on my Arrival [ 
Enquired of me whether you had this Spring rece d a Letter from 
[Henry] Bostwick then in London who with one Baxter came 
from Michilimakc. last summer and Went to England last fall 
concerning a Mine in Lake Superior I told him I heard of such 
a Letter but knew not the particulars, he then said he wrote to 
you ab f . it from hence as being one concerned in s d . Aff r . & 
would be very glad to hear your Sentiments ab*. it & beg d of me 
to mention it in my Letter. Said Bostwick with one M r . Bax- 
ter from London came last fall from the upper Countries where 
the latter had been since the Time Rodgers went there, & as its 
said sent by the Board of Trade to make some Remarks ab' 
Ind n . Trade &ca. At the same time took a View of a very rich 
Copper Mine on Lake Superior, a Sample of w ch . Ore I showed 
3 or 4 year ago with a near guess Estimate of Ex- 
pences that attend the working & Transporting it to 

Market Baxter took a Sample of s d . Ore home with 

him and by a Letter from Bostwick To Chin it was 

found | be very rich and no Less than 1 6 Gentl". most 

entered] into a Society to carry on the work [ 

318 Sir William Johnson Papers 

among themselves to advance any Sum [ ] purpose, 

desiring at the same time [ ] the same and taking a 

Share [ ] at arrived from London but [ ] or 

by New york he is [ j approved immediately 



and that it must [ 

Bostwick & Chinns Bro[ 

Henry his Son in Law [ 

the Ind ns . thereabouts & are to be 1 ] have been 

discoveries ah*, the Mine last wint [ 

are very favourable & encouraging [ 

doubtless belongs to the Gang as he [ 

Cadot I hear will be down this Fall [ 

give some Acco*. ab' it, I wish it may [ 

in the young Mans way; I hear he understands the] Ind n . 

Language prittily every one that [ ] gives him an 

unexceptionable Character [ ] sincerely attached to 

the Engl sh . Interest [ ] several proofs. 

Many Politicians here will have it [that Rogers] could not 
be touched & that Roberts [ ] brought into a Scrape; 

they ] to know how Hopkins letter was [ 

Rodgers in his Grinning way makes [ 
his Connnem*. & tells the Merch ls . [ 
him he would soon retun to his [ 
his Crime I hear is now changed [ 
for Mutiny, Embezzelling His [Majestys (?) 
Suspicion of corresponding with [ 
Goddart is subpoena'd to be a [ 
Second Crime and a heavy [ 
more ab'. Rodgers [ 
Expence than he does [ 
his being de[ 
his [ 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 319 

] influence with the Indians ab f . Lake Michigan 
] think ought not be passed unnotised. [he 1 ] being cer- 
tainly the only Englishman allowed [by] Every Body to be 
best beloved & regarded by those Nations, & he flatters himself 
to keep them in our Interest with as little Expence as any Body 
whatsoever w ch he says must be done in appearing among them in 
the Character he hitherto did when with a little Rum and 
Tobacco he woud do more than others with Loads of presents, 
but was he to appear in a public Character the Expence certainly 
must be great as those Nations were more sanguine in their 
Expectations from a person representing a Nation than any 
Ind ns he knew. 

L f . Pauli of the Roy 1 . Am ns . told me in Confidence when at 
Quebec, that he took a Notion of making some Discoveries to- 
wards finding out a Northwest passage by a Journey to the west- 
ward of Lake Superior, having made it his study for some time 
passt to make himself acquainted with the Discoveries made by 
several Nations at Sea particularly those of the Russians w ch . 
latter gave him great Encouragement & in a manner promised 
him Success; I could not pretend to give you all his Reasons 
of succeading in his Scheme but I thought them plausible enough, 
he would certainly be fitter and more adopted for such a thing 
than Rodgers being more able [ ] observations & 

sketches of a Country hitherto [ ] than the latter. 

He said he would soonest [ ] it with your Appro- 

bation & Sanction [ ] Body else's as being most 

compatible with [ ] such a thing in 

case of Success [ immortal honor to the Encouiager 

| such a Discovery & he said he woud 
if he did not find a passage [ 
confining Roberts upon [ 
him, where upon Gen 1 . Gage | 
inclosing the Crime must have [ 
as it only came lately to his 

James Stanley Goddard. 

320 Sir William Johnson Papers 

would have kept Roberts under an [ 

to stand his Tryal, but as soon as Roberts [came] down he 

would order it to be done im[ 

I find wont have time to take a Copy [of] this Scrawl M r . 
Wade being ready to embark so beg [ excuse my 

sending it as it is; My Compli[ments] wait on all the family & 
remain with [all due] Respect & Duty 

Hon d . Sir 

Your Obedient [ ] 

Dan Claus. 

The Hon bIe 

S R W M . Johnson Bar'. 
&c a . &c a . &c a . 

A. L. S. 

[Margate, August //, 1768] 

I am now here with my family some of whom are [ 
to bath in the Sea, but could not let the Packet sail without 
informing [you] that, a meeting of the Attorney and Sollicitor 
General was appointed to [con]sider your Grant the Sollicitor 
never came, being engaged to attend a Jution on some 

of M r . Wilkes affairs, but the Attorney told me he [was at] a 
loss what to do with your associates, as they stood interested in 
[the grant], and proposed its being granted to you and them, I 
told him I could [not resolve] him, and desire you will immedi- 
ately inform me, whether [ ] contented to receive it 
so, or have any conveyance from them, that [ send] me an 
authentick coppy of, when he will advise a grant to be [ 

intend to take notice of any Indian right, nor any 
customs ] are to be observed in granting Lands, but 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 321 

those names face of the Deed he could not avoid 

taking notice of them [ ] thanks for the good offices 

you have done us with the [ ] refer you to my next 

for an answer to your Letter [ ] 

Dear Sir Your most affectionate 
and obedient servant 

Tho Penn 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 
at Johnson Hall 
New York 

A. L. S. 

Niagara 12 th August 1768 
I ] 

Yesterday I receiv'd your disagreeable [ ] which 

has intirely spoiled all my Schemes and left [me] destitute of 
Bread. Yet I hope if Sir William, can in any way employ me 
so as to aford a Comfortable Living for my Wife and Family 
that he will not forget me, and I hope that is still in his power, 
if not, I am to be pittyed. 

As to Ind n . News there's none, the Commandant and I have not 
put up our Horses well together and he is very happy at being 
rid of an Ind n . Commissary but sorry for the loss of his 

M rs . Mac Leod begs her best respects may be acceptable 

I am 

Your most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

Nor d . Mac Leod 

[ ] JONSON bart 


322 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York 12th August 1768 

I ] 

| of writing you on Monday last & Now Sitt down 
lines] to accompany the Enclosed Memorandum, wch 
M r | ] of this Town has wrote in my Counting house, 

the Meaning of [ ] Easily find out — it greatly hurts 

me to hear any Man Say [ ] able Things about you — 

because I know you dont deserve it from [ | person — 

M c Adam Swears you and H Wallace have Used him very ill 
about this Bill for £200 etc. He is now gone to the Generall to 
make a Complaint of it to him & He further tells me He will lay 
his Complaints before the Lords of the Treasury at home 
if he Cant get immediate redress here, for that you have 
received the Money long ago & Unjustly deprive him of it — 
M c Adam appears in a Hell of a Passion about this Affair — 
but I believe He is a very passionate Man — I can say no more 
about this Matter than that allowing it to be true — I was very 
confident Hurry of Business — your Indisposition — a perhaps 
Inadvertancy might be the Occasion of no Answer being received 
by Hugh Wallace — but that I insisted there was no Design 
in you to delay the Payment of that Bill provided M r . Gorham 
had a Right to draw it — As a Stranger to the Transaction [I] 
coud Say no more — I am pretty confident you know how to 
Justine [your] self about it — I shoud be glad (if you think it 
proper) to receive [ ] Answer concerning this Affair 

& in the mean Time remain with Sincere | ] to Truth 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
[ ] Philadelphia 

| the Generall, but I am told it will be paid 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 323 

INDORSED: N York 12 th . August 1768 

M r . Wetherheads Letter 
ab'. M c . Adem 
Ans nd . 22 d 

A. L. S. 

New London Aug' 1 . 15 lh . 1768 
[ ] 

By the master of a Vessell who arrived [ ] Day 

from Halyfax we here that two Regiments [ there 

imbarquing for Boston; where they [ Come into 

many Resolves &ca one is not to import any more goods of any 

kind whatever from Great Britain untill the year 1 770 and never 

to be concerned in importing any that are lyable to a Duty — 

/ Suppose this Resolve only means English Goods W ch . are to 

pay dutys those of France, Holland are I daresay out of the 

Question as they are [pre] judicial to Great Britain — another 

Resolve [is to] print 500 Copys of the Commission Granted 

] Board of Commissioners — which are to be 

] thro the Colony, that the inhabitants 

] what acts the British Parliment take upon 

themselves to p]ass — as I have Regularly Sent you the 

papers] by Every Post you will there see 

] spirit of the people — in the last 

] you'l see the Great & 

] attacked from Several 

] he will declyne the 

] be joyns the 


Submissive as any well Taught [ ] we are Very 

long without any [ ] it Cannot be Long now 

before we [ they will Receive the news of the 

Commissioners being] drove from the Town of Boston 

324 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] not heard how the Sons of Liberty in this 

[ ] behave upon the Report of the troops going 

[to] Boston — but make no Doubt but I shall In [ 
or two — I was not very well when I be[gan this] Letter which 
I was oblidged to lay by untill [ ] the 1 7 th on account of 

a most Violent pain [in] my Ears & head so bad as to Confine 
me to [my] bed for two days — the Post will be in, [in 
Hours and I will inclose the papers & j ] if he Brings 

any thing Private — 

I find these land schemers [ Colonisers, Sons of 

Liberty; or what you [ ] to Call them seem to take 

hold of some pieces of Intiligence in the papers about [Indian] 
affairs — and not only Lessen the Con [sequence of] the 
Nations but the usefullness and [ ] those who the Crown 

have most [ ] & Charged with the Care of [ 

plainly that I know [ ] are Glances at you [ 

worth Conseque[ 

t ] 

[ ] I hear open against you or that [ 

which looks like it — tho I am more [ ] you do not 

want or stand in need [of an] Advocate or Defender of you 

or your [ac]tions — but I Should never bear with my [ 

let them pass unnoticed — 

I was detirmined to have wrote to Col°. Croghan by this post 
but being Very unwell and M rs Chew making a muster last 
night Prevents me She was this morning put to bed with a 
daughter and tho. Very unwell I am sure if she knew I was 
writing to you She would present her Compliments — I will write 
to the Col°. by the Next Post to him and all our Very good 
friends I beg my best Respects and hope [you]'l Accept the 
Same and Every wish I am [capa]ble of for your health and 
hapiniss and [am] with great truth 

Dear sir 
Your most Obed & Most 

sincere Hble serv*. 

Jos Chew 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 325 


A. L. S. 

New York 15 th . Aug 1 . 17 68 
Dear Sir 

Welcome Home again, why did you not call & see us in your 
return — Are you shy of Head Quarters & Governors your 
friends I am sure you need not be shy of 

M r . Allen has apply'd to me & I have applyd to the Gov. 
to know the time appointed for the Indian Boundary Con- 
gress, the Gov r , thinks it the latter end of this Month, M r Allen 
some time in Sept r ., for my part I am totally ignorant of 
the Matter, Can you inform me in time when the Philad a . Com- 
missioners ought to be up that I may communicate it to one 
enquiring friend — I wrote a few Lines to Cap 1 . Johnson in 
your absence to have an Eye on Northampton, to keep it clear 
of the immense Jaws of the Kayaderosseros that will otherwise 
devour all — pray Thank him for his answer with my Com- 
pliments — The May packet just arriv'd but Nothing New, 
Mobbing & Confusion are no more News, [ ] is come, 


Y rs . allways 

Jn°. Watts 


S r . Will. Johnson Barr* 
Johnson Hall, Near 

Mohawks River 
to the Care of 

M r . Monier 

Rec d forwarded 
19th Aug' 1768 
J. Monier 

326 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Lieu 1 . Colonel Wilkins, to General Gage, about 150 Miles 
below the Ohio Falls, 15 th : August 1768, 

A Canoe has just now met me from Fort Chartres in 16 
Days, and by Letters &c I find that about 26 Indians have cutt 
off a Boat and Crew sent out by Baynton Wharton & C°. to 
kill Buffalo at or near the Ouabache, only One Man escaped 
A Young Man is hear in the Canoe who with Six others and as 
many Horse Load of Skins &c coming from the Hatches fell in 
with the same Party of Indians who killed all but himself, about 
1 00 Miles from the Ouabache, they took him Prisoner and told 
him they were Miamis and that the Man that made His Escape 
above mentioned ; Shot One of their Warriors before he went of. 


dated below Ohio falls 

1 5th Augt 1 768.— 
[Willia]m M c Adam Informs me That Joseph Gorham [has 
dr] awn Bills on him, which will be returned on [ ] with 

protest As William M c Adam has not [been] able to obtain 
payment of Gorhams Bill on you [ ] Sterling due Early 

in may, last off this [ ] Hugh Wallace wrote to Sir 

William Johnson ] times on this Subject without 

receiveing [a satis] factory Answer — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 399, is listed, under New York, August 
16, General Thomas Gage's warrant to Abraham Mortier for paying 
£6998, 15s, 1 Od New York currency, to Sir William Johnson. Destroyed 
by fire. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 400, is listed a letter of the 1 7th to the 
Earl of Hillsborough, communicating intelligence received at the Chipe- 
weigh congress of French and Spanish machinations, discussing colonial 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 327 

management of Indian trade, Major Rogers's Indian policy, the Kay- 
adarosseras settlement, the New York-Indian boundary, the need of 
deputies and interpreters and a proper allowance for them, (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:904-8; Q, 2:524-26 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 8:93-96.) 


The Speech of the P[uant Chief at Missilimackn]ac the 
20 th August 1 760 — 

Father I live at a great dista [ 
Eighty Leagues, But far as It is I have under [ 
to renew my friendship with my Fathers the Engl [ 
Let them know that the Jaring Nations at War[ 
The Country where I live, have Tryed to get some of [ 
Men to Joine them in a war, not Only Against each other 
] Against you, which I have always prevented, And 
which [ ] the cause of some blood being spilt, And I 

desire no Trad[ers] Be Suffered to go into their Country (mean- 
ing the Pottowa[ . ] & others about S l . Josephs) by 
which means they will be br[ ] to know their duty, and 
Bring in their hunt to this place a [ ] (There I lost some- 
thing for want of an English Interpreter, as [the] French 
Woman I was Oblidged to Employ Would not Say [anything 
to the Disadvantage of the French, But by what [I could make 
out It was this that the French and Spaniards are [ 
every Method, in their power, not only to draw all [ 
trade to the Missisippy, but to set them at War again [st ] B 
asured that none of my people will ever be un [ 
Father, and he never Shall have reason to Comp[lain 
this you may Depend on) But I am Sorry to Say 
deceived by some of our Fathers Commanding [ prom 
ised, not only by Word, but by Writing [ 
Lied, but was as Sacred as this [ 
the Great Chiefs) meaning [ 
and the four other [ 


]them. We would be glad to [ 

328 Sir William Johnson Papers 

]s, And what We may depend on the English 
] Character of not telling lies I hope We are 
not ] to be Deceived by our Fathers who are their 

most dutfull [children (he then Deleivred the Belt — 
My answer was as follows 

[I am] Well Pleased to find that the Great King beyond 
the great Lake your Father and mine has Such Obedient Chil- 
dren & good Subjects as you are, And he shall know it as I will 
write to the great Chiefs the General and Sir William Johnson 
what you have Said, And as to the presents promised you, it was 
very possible they Might be lost coming over the Great Lake 
or | Cannoes Coming over those little Lakes which 

sometimes has [ ] Happened, as I have met with 

losses of that kind myself, B[ ] shew you that your 

Fathers never told lies Intentionally but [ ] your 

Beeing deceived was Occasioned by the above Accidents [ 
Altho I was a Stranger to all those promises, as well as to 
]ntry, Yet I woud as far as was in my power make 
those promises Good And you must be Contented with what 
things [ ] able to buy at this time (which they ware 

well Satisfied [ thanked me kindly 

| her Chiefs who brought the letter with the belt from 
chiefs] stood up and made a Speech much to the Same 
sen]sible as the former Which required much the 
a]ddition only, He wanted to know if I wo [ 
]ly in the Spring as they want [ 
| what my Opinion [ 



New York 22 d Aug 1 . 1768 
Hon ble Sir 

I have the honor of Yours of the 1 3 th Ins 1 , and if it be faulty 
few are less ceremonious or Punctillious with friends or strangers 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 329 

than myself, it is true time has elaps'd since I did myself the 
pleasure of writing but my reasons were, that I would not be 
troublesome about the once flattering prospect of part of the 
Lands bought from the Natives, at the time then fed by others 

Our friend M r Croghan Judged right in regard to the necessity 
of sending a Deputy to the Illinois, but mentioned it too late, as 
M r M c MilIan set out from Fort Pitt on the 20 th of last Month 
for that place, I have a very great regard for M r Byrne and wish 
it were in my power to serve him but most of the Deputies have 
been, and soon will more of them be reduced, some of them are 
got into Bread and others much to and at a loss to maintain 
themselves I had their case much at heart, perhaps more than 
my own, and have as yet suffer'd for it, but I am not intimadated 
by the woud be greats here, I wish [every] One, if it was only 
for their own honour [would be] Just, I do not mean any part 
to You, I ever [am with great] esteem, Hon ble Sir 

Your most Obed 1 hble Servant 

Rob t Leake 
indorsed : [ ] 

M r . Leakes Letter concerng 
M r . Byrns 


Johnson hall Aug 1 . 24 th 1768 — 

I received your Letter of April last at my return from an Ex- 
cursion to the seaside for the recovery of my health. — Altho' 
strangers to each other, yet, I persuade my self that your Char- 
acter & Qualifications would be found Agreable here, and I 
should be happy in being the Means of providing for you more 
Agreable to your self and should invite you to this Country, pro- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

330 Sir William Johnson Papers 

vided I was certain that the Encouragement you may meet with 
would ans r . your Expectations, to Explain this Matter I am to 
inform you that this New Country tho' it improves fast is as yet 
poor — That the Dissenters compose the Majority of the people, 
tho' they would not long remain so could those of the Church 
of England afford to maintain Clergymen. — The Mission at 
Albany is lately filled up, & others intended for Schenectady 
The Mohocks, and my Settlement, — at Schenectady the few 
Members of our Church purchased a piece of Ground and have 
built a good Stone Church, but are not able as yet to maintain a 
Clergyman The Society therefore will give one £30 ster P 1 Ann 
& they will add to it a House with about £40 W Ann N York 
Money — As to my own place I have already laid out So much 
on Improvements, and for the encouragement of Tenants, that 
it is not in my power to do as much for a Clergyman as I could 
wish, Such as it is I shall tell you. — I have built a neat Stone 
Church at a new Village within half a Mile of this place, and 
have Just compleated a Neat Snug House for a Clergyman at 
a Small distance from it, to which I shall add 50 Acres of good 
Land mostly improved — The Society's allowance will be £30 
ster & Ann, and I shall contribute as much to it as with Fees 
&ca will make it up £60, Ster. or thereab ls . which will increase 
within a little time, and with the Glebe may Make it a tolerable 
foundation, and probably the Society may be persuaded to 
Augment it. — Thus have I fairly told you what maybe 
Expected, at prest If either this place, or Schenectady will Suit 
your purpose I shall be glad to hear from you, very soon or to 
see you 

I am sorry to hear from you that L d . Ad m Gordon has dropped 
his design of making the Settlement to the Westw d . of this place 
as the Lands are good, in Gen 1 , and the Situation not so incon- 
venient as may be imagined from a Cursory View at an Improper 
season other Tracts having been Purchased within these few 
Months adjacent to it Which begin already to get Settled & will 
make it Valuable & indeed the whole Country encreases very 
fast in population & Improvemt. My Lands here are generally 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 331 

Let in fee at a Shilling an Acre, or £5 Str T° Ann for 1 00 Acres, 
the first five Years rent free, such parts as I have sold, I have 
had from £ 1 00 to £200 N York Money for each hundred Acres, 
One part of my Estate has above a hundred familys now upon 
it, and should some of your industrious Neighbours, (Men who 
could come over & Settle at their own Expence) offer themselves, 
I would to encourage the Settlement, Let the first 20, or 30 
familys have Lands on the Most reasonable Terms, or should 
they be incline to purchase I would sell them some very good 
Lands from £12 to 20 ster %3 hundred Acres. Some of These 
Lands are Situate within 5 Miles of the Mohock River & 25 of 
the Town of Schenectady to which they can carry their produce 
on Sleds in the Winter within the Compass of half a Day. — 
If these proposals Sho d . Suit any of your Neighbours they may 
be assured that I should give them the preferrence to many who 
offer themselves, — I shall be glad to have your Answer on these 
Subjects as Soon as possible and am Sir, 

The Rev d . M r . Bateman 

indorsed: Aug 1 . 26 th 1768 — 

To the Rev d . M r . Tho s . Bateman 
A. M. at Boston in 
Lincolnshire England 


Johnson-Hall Aug 1 24 lh 1768 
Dear Sir, 

[Since] my last of the 5th Inst I have had the pleasure of 
receiving yours of the 7 th and 1 4th. The Accot you mention pro- 
duced by M r Croghan for £900. I sent down by M r Adems, 
& do not positively recollect at present, farther about it than that 

1 Burned portions supplied from a copy printed in Collections of Illinois 
Slate Historical Library, 16:383-86, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. 

332 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Frenchman who brought it was employed by Croghan & Cole 
on Sundry Messages & Services. 

The Extract you transmitted me contains in Gen ! a very Just 
State of the Affairs at the Ilinois. The more Indians get, the 
more they will Expect nevertheless there is a necessity for Ex- 
pences, and nothing Can be done with them without it but, in 
that point Judgment is required, when it shall be incurred, and 
how favors shall be dispensed. I have taken notice of Coll 
Reeds Certifying Expences, and Cannot but observe that Gentle- 
men whatever their sentiments of Indians are previous to their 
going to the Outposts, seem to alter them when there, & to Con- 
sider [all] Expences incurred as Extremely necessary to the 
Publick Service. [Major] Roger's Accots having been most 
Amply Certified by [all the] Officers as absolutely necessary, 
tho contrary to the [private] opinion of some of them as Signi- 
fied by Letters to me [has furnished] the Traders concerned with 
many Arguments for [their being paid,] and makes some very 
clamorous on that [Subject. The heavy] Expences incurred at 
the Ilinois at a time [when the strictest Oeconomy was] recom- 
mended induced me to [direct that M r Cole should be removed 
had no Reform taken place. From our present Extensive 
Alliances & Connections with the Indians, from their own 
Natural disposition & prejudices] and from the proceedings of 
our [Artful Lurking Enemys, it is necessary] that some men 
should remain in different [quarters over & besides] the Deputys 
to transact Indian [Affairs, & to Counteract] those disturbers 
of the peace whether Whites or Indians. [It is as] Certain that 
they cannot be there to any purpose [without] Expence, but it 
should be moderate, arising from the [nature &] Absolute Neces- 
sity of the Service, how long the present [Reform] will for the 
reasons I have given be deemed safe, or Ellig[ible] every man, 
acquainted with these matters can Judge. I [have] sent the 
necessary papers to Canada, tho' I apprehend they will not be 
of much Importance, as I gave Rogers but few Instructions,] 
and had no Conversation with, or opportunity of Seeing him 
[since] his departure for his post. I find it is presupposed that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 333 

[he cannot] be hurt, if so, and that means are not fallen upon 
to [prevent] him from having it in his power to prosecure his de- 
signs, [we] shall probably find him in a little time realizing his 

[plan] on some of our Frontiers, for the Indignities which [(as 
he takes it) ] he has met with Will but Whet him on to obtain 


The Comissy s have all received Orders to [make up their] 
Accots to the 25 th of September after which [they are to be] 
discontinued, but on a farther consideration [of the matter I] 
apprehend it may be necessary to keep [them to the March fol- 
lowing,] least anything might happen, [which might give the 
Provinces] occasion to say that they [had not sufrict time to 
fall] upon a plan for Sup [plying their places. If you think I 
am] right please [let me know. 

I have likewise taken notice to the Secy of State of the omis- 
sion of the Province of N York in the boundary, & Shewn why 
it ought to now be settled, but as an Answer cannot be expected 
in due time, I think it best not to omit the opportunity which will 
so shortly offer for settling it, Submitting it to his] Majesty 
for confirmation. The [Season being now] far advanced, and 
the Virginia Commissioners [obliged to] Attend a meeting on 
the borders of N Carolina, the [latter] end of October, and no 
news of the Shawanese & Delawares I think it best to direct the 
Messengers, who waits their arrival in the Senecas Country, to 
come down with the Six Nations & any others at hand, so as to 
meet me at Fort Stanwix about the 1 6th of September, Indeed 
I very much doubted from what I had heard of the coming of 
the Shawanese &c as their Chiefs went from M r Chrogan at Fort 
Pitt amongst the Misisipi Nations, and altho' I should have been 
glad that they were present, I can see no particular necessity for 
it, as the Six Nations are the undoubted Owners, and as such 
Considered by all the rest, who at a former meeting with me 
promised to pay due submission to whatever the 6 Nations sho d 
agree upon regarding it. 

The Chipeweigh Chief Spoke of belts lately sent thro' the 
Nations, and of French & Spanish Officers as he Called [them] 

334 Sir William Johnson Papers 

who actually came amongst them gave large presents [to the] 
Indians with the Strongest Assurances of a War [in the Spring] 
and that such persons were busied in [persuading the] Indians 
to go over the Misisipi, where they were [Assured that the] 
English were compleatly hemmed in above [& below the Ilinois. 
I have] now with me sev 1 Misisagas [on much the same Er- 
rand, with] corroborating Intelligence. [I have in a Letter to 
Lord Hillsborough Shewn the Necessity of an Augmentation of 
the Sum proposed by an Addition of £1000 Ster P A. for the 
necessary Depys & other Officers, 1 I therein said that I sho d 
Transmit an Estimate thereof to you which I now do, requesting 
the favor of you to make such use of it as you shall think proper, 
for there is no conducting the Affairs of the Ind n Departm f with 1 
the few necessary assistants Included therein.] 
[His Excelly Gen 1 Gage] 

INDORSED: [Augt. 24 th 1 768] 
To Gen 1 . Gage 

Df. 2 

Johnson hall Augt, 24 th 1768 — 

I did not receive your favor of the 6 th Inst till two days ago, 
as M r Johnson acquainted you with the Cause of the delay of 
the Boundary, I have only to inform you that as the Chiefs of 
the Shawanese &ca went from Fort Pitt amongst the Misisipi 
Nations, I apprehend I cannot Expect them at the Congress, I 
have therefore directed the Messenger who waits their Arrival 
at Chenussio to Come down forthwith with the Six Nations and 
the rest in order to Meet me at Fort Stanwix, at the head of the 
Mohock River, on or about the 1 8th of September. This is by 

1 In Doc, Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:93-96. 

2 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 335 

much the most Elligible & convenient place on many acc ,s . and I 
shall be glad to See the Gentlemen Commissioners at my House 
previous to my departure which will be about the 15 th . of 
Septb r . — 

I could have wished to have had the Shawanese &ca present, 
and possibly some of them may yet come in time, if not, as 
they declared to me before that they would pay all due submis- 
sion to such settlement as the Six Nations would agree to I cannot 
think their presence very Necessary 
The Honble 

Lt Gov r Penn. 

to thomas penn 

Johnson hall Aug 1 . 24 ih 1768 
I ] 

The 5 th . of Feby last I wrote you a long letter which I hope 
you received, since which I have had a Severe Illness, and have 
been obliged to go for 3 months to the Sea Coast of New Eng- 
land for the recovery of my health which prevented me from 
Ans§. Your Letter of the 1 3th Feby till now — 

As to the Affair of the boundary of which you speak, it was 
allways my Intention to endeavor to obtain that Tract between 
the Forks of Susquehannah Northward & across to y e . Delaware 
on a Supposition that the Government would have no objection 
to it provided the Indians can be brought to agree thereto. 

In your last letter speaking of these Lands you Say "which 
neither myself nor the Indians could wish to take from you" I 
do assure you Sir this hurt me a good deal, as it seemed to sup- 
pose me an opposer of your [inter] ests The Reverse of which 
has been my conduct on many occasions insomuch that I have 
acquired many Enemys thereby particularly in N England, which 
however cannot Shake my [ Notwithstands 

the pain I felt from the perusal of that part of your letter I am 
| to Judge of it more favorably and [ | be 

336 Sir William Johnson Papers 

persuaded that every consistent proposal [ ] meet with 

my Strongest recommendation [ ] my best endeavors 

in all points shall be [ ] which will be held at 


for me to add to them | 

out the Grant &ca I leave | 

if his Majesty does not incline on [ 

occa to Mitigate the fees, shall th[ 

you whatever you may advance upon [ 

The Bounds agreable to the Survey last [ 

is what I wish for, the former Survey being [ 

which I before Explained, but in this as in every [ ] pray j 

you think best which will add to the ma [ny 

Obligations already conferred on Sir &ca 

As you are well Acquainted with 

the Reform of the Indian Departm*. 

with regard to the Management of Trade, I need 

only Express my Wishes that it 

may answer the Expectations of 

Govt — Tho' I have great doubts abt it as this is a very critical 

Period & our Opponents at the Misisipi 

are busy all over the Country in drawing 

the Ind s . into their Interests — 

I shall Write you so soon as the Line 

is settled, & in the mean time beg to 

hear from you — . 


A. L. S. 1 

Preston Hall August 25* 1768 

My dear Sir William — 

As I find, that severall Letters, from my friends in America, 
never come to my hands, I conclude that many of mine, to them, 

1 In possession of Hall Park McCulIough, Hall Farm House, North 
Bennington, Vt. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 337 

share the same fate — I am therefore glad, of a sure and safe 
method of conveying this, to New York, by the Hon ble : Major 
Bruce 1 of the royall Americans, whom I beg to make known to 
you, and your family; and to recommend him, to your good 
offices, and kind Protection. — He is Brother to the Earl of 
Elgin, who has made it his request to me, in a very warm man- 
ner, that I should give the Major, some Letters to my friends 
on Your Continent: and in presenting him to your family, & 
John Watts's, I do him speciall service. 

The last letter you have favoured me with, is dated in Nov r 
1767 — & I have ans r : of the 26 th Oct r same year — My 
last from your Son is 2 1 st Nov r 1 767 — I return you my best 
thanks for all of them — and I am most particularly in your 
debt — for the clear, candid and sensible state of the Carrying 
Place — & what might attend a settlement there in the present 
situation of things — which are really so confused, & aukward, 
I confess, I lose hopes of seeing them mend in America — & 
therefore, I drop all present intentions, of doing anything there 
— and sorry I am to say, I think we are just as bad at home — . 
Lord Hillsboro, to be sure, is a sensible, clear headed, active, 
painstaking Man — but all that will not do, without a perma- 
nent administration, and a settled Plan for America — & I 
despair to see either. Your last by the men, I sent out, I re- 
ceived in Course — but the Confusions in America, & the Ex- 
pences of fitting out our Colonists, have scared both the Duke of 
Atholl & me — and we are determined, to suspend for some 
time, any Plans, or intentions, either of us had formed, in that 
quarter of the Globe — at same time, I would wish to continue 
in Possession of the Land, you procured for me"' — if it can be 
held, without any imediate very considerable outlay — other 
ways, I will dispose of it, to whom, & in what manner, you shall 
like best. 

Lord Botetourt, an old Peer, with a demolished fortune, has 
gott the Government in Chief, of Virginia; and comes out, 

1 Major Thomas Bruce. 

'-' Near the German Flats, in the Oneida county. 

338 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to reside in Person, without any L f Gov r named — which makes 
it an excellent income — . But, the taking it away, from Gen- 
eral S r Jeff: Amherst, has made great noise, as well amongst 
civill, as the military men — to the last of w * 1 :, it has lately, 
been usually given to: — Troops are on their passage to Boston 
— absent officers, all under the rank of General ones, are ordered 
to their posts — and things wear the face of confusion — . God 
knows only, how they will end — I for my share, am not sorry, 
my Corps is in Jamaica — and as I have given up Parliament, 
and am settled to my mind, in the Country, with a Woman, I 
love and honour — I believe, I shall sitt still quietly here, till I 
am called upon — in which Event, I shall always hold myself 
ready, to move, to whatever corner, or climate, my Duty, in my 
station, may call me to. 1 I have given the Major a few lines, to 
your Son — for him, I shall ever retain, the most cordial 
friendship — I never knew a better hearted young man — and 
if ever in life, I can do him any service or procure him, or his 
friends, any satisfaction, He may freely command me — and if 
it has been my fortune, to have done anything obliging to 
him, his gratitude, and sensibility of it — has more than 
overpaid me — . 

I am exeedingly sorry, to hear, of the accidents which "d 
befallen, Capt Clause & honest Guy, & hope they have gott 
quite over them — & that their Ladies, & young folks thrive, & 
enjoy all the blessings, I sincerely wish them — . 
A paragraph from new London, intimating that you had lately 
been ill in health, alarmed me, and, I shall not be intirely easy, on 
that score, untill I hear from yourself, or Sir John — that you are 
recovered — Your health & preservation is of much Publick 
utility ; but like other good things — your Value will never be 
justly estimated till the Want of your assiduity, uprightness, 
exertion be severely felt — by those, who may survive you — & 
judge by comparison — of past men, & past measures. — the 

1 Lord Adam Gordon became a major-general May 25, 1772, a 
lieutenant-general August 29, 1777. 
8 Manuscript blotted. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 339 

seeds of the different forrest trees, you sent me, are all come up 
above ground; and if I wanted a Memorandum, of you, would 
daily afford me one — for I am seldom a whole day without 
visiting them — I beg of you, to send me some every year — 
particularly evergreen — & hard wood of any species. — any 
ship from N. York — to Glasgow or Leith, will bring them 
me — I amuse my self, very well here — I never will ask for 
any thing in America — but if I was pitched upon, I would ac- 
cept any office, where I could believe, my attention could be of 
use — I should not much relish any military employ there at 
present. — 

The Dutchess of Atholl, 1 tho unknown to you, desires her best 
wishes — to you & Sir John — do lett me hear from you soon 
— my direction is at this place, near Dalkeith North Britain, — 
having now no house in England, — & no intentions of leaving 
my farm here soon. — pray remember me Kindly, to all your 
family, & to any body who asks after me — and believe me, 
my Dear Sir William, with the utmost truth and regard — 
Yours most faithfully & warmly, whilst 

Ad: Gordon 
Hon ble S r . W m . Johnson B r . 


The Hon: ble 

Sir William Johnson Bar 1 &ca &ca 


Johnson Hall 
N: York 
p r favour of 
The Hon le Major Bruce. 

INDORSED: Lord Adam Gordons Letter 
Aug J 25 th 

1 Lord Adam Gordon's wife. 

2 Torn by seal. 

340 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 400, is listed a letter of the 26th from 
Hugh Gaine, New York, offering to complete the work undertaken by 
the late Mr Weyman, of printing the Indian prayer book and saying that 
the Rev. Mr Ogilvie will assist. (Printed in Doc Hist. N. Y. 4:384-85 ; 
Q, 4:242.) 

D. S. 1 

Johnson Hall, August 27 ih 1768 

Estimate of the Sallarys of Officers whose continuance are 
absolutely necessary for the Management of Indian Affairs in 
which is included the Super Intendants Sallary, and the Con- 
tingent Sum lately established. 

The Sallary of the Super Intendant as now 

established £1000 Str 1 Ann. with £3000 

Str <$ A for presents to the several Con- 

federacys and other Contingent expences 

of the Department is Annually £4000 — — 

Three Deputys to be continued, One for the 

Northern, Another for the Middle, and a 

Third for the south". District of the De- 
partment, at £200 Str p> A. each is 600 — — 

Five Interpreters of the different Languages 

at £60 Str ^ Ann is 300 — — 

One Gun, and Blacksmith with Assistants . . 1 00 — — 

Annual amot of the whole £5000 — — 

N. The Secretary which is a most necessary Officer is not in- 
cluded herein, as he has been usually paid out of the Rect of 
the Quitrents of this Province. One of the Deputys has been 

1 In Public Record Office, C O. 5.86. p. 351, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 341 

always in the Department. — The others were found indis- 
pensably necessary after the reduction of Canada extended our 
Interests & encreased our Connections & Alliances, & the Multi- 
farious dutys of the Ind n . Department in the different Quarters 
cannot be conducted without them. — The absolute necessity 
there is for the few Interpreters proposed is as Obvious, And 
were Smiths allowed at the principal posts it would greatly con- 
tribute to the satisfaction of the Indians, tho' by this Estimate 
Only one is mentioned with proper Assistants to remain in the 
most convenient place. — The fourth Deputy for Nova Scotia 
not included in this Estimate was a late Appointment in conse- 
quence of a Letter from his Grace the Duke of Richmond, 
the necessity of continuing this Officer is however humbly 
Submitted. — 

W. Johnson 
INDORSED: List of Officers proposed 

to be kept by S r . W m . Johnson 

as necessary for the Indian 

Department, according to the 

late Reform made therein — 

In Major Gen 1 . Gage's 

(N°. 13) of Sept r . 9* 1768. 

A. L. S. 
Schonaclady, 27 th of August 1768 

i ] 

as some business calls me down to New York [sooner] 
then I Expected, makes me take the liberty [of] write- 
ing this Letter, that when it Suits your Honour, I shall be ex- 
treamly glad to receive your recommendary Letter to Doctor 
Auchmuty, and any other Commands which Your Honour 

342 Sir William Johnson Papers 

pleases to Send me I shall Obey with the greatest pleasure and 
am with the Most Grateful respects — 

Hon d , Sir 
Your Most Obliged Hum: le Servant 

Jn°: Brown 

] that Lives on the Land of Colonel Broadstreet Land 

1 which he will Sell them at 15/ Sterling p r gun 

1 Sorts if [ ] shall go down and get them 

his] man as been here since and says he may Let them go 


Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 


L. S. 

Fort George August 27 th 1768 

I have taken the first opportunity which has offer'd of writing 
to you since the Copy of the Minutes of the late proceedings 
concerning the Kayaderosseras Patent has been shew'd to me, 
and I have seen with some surprize as well as concern, that I am 
there represented in a very different light from what I could pos- 
sibly have imagin'd any Person could have view'd me in, who 
was a Witness to my late Transactions v/ith the Indians at your 
house — 

The confusion I am tax'd with [ ] into the debate 

on Account of my [ ] Falls at Fort Miller [ 

since I came [ ] unfaithfully interpret 

answerable for the designs [ 1 of other People, When 

M r [Remsen] upon the line of the Patent being [ 
head of the Kayaderosseras Creek, and [ 
thence continued due North instead of [ ] as it is 

mention'd there, an objection was | by the Indians 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 343 

on Account of such a line [taking] in too great a quantity of 
Land, and they [ ] propos'd another line, Upon this 

I desi[red to] know to which of the Falls the Indians [ 
the line should be drawn, giving it as [ ] opinion that 

I apprehended there wo[ ] very little difference 

between a line [ ] from the head of the North line 

] M r Remsen to Fort Miller, and [ ] drawn 

from the Northerly line [ ] in the Patent to the 

F[alls ] To this a reply was [ ] that the In[dians] 

[ ] 

] which was then Apprehended [ 
every Step in my Power to bring this matter to an Amicable 
Settlement, and my Journey was no Secret to any of the Inhabit- 
ants of this Province — As You were so polite as to offer me 
your house although the ill State of your health oblig'd You 
to be absent at the time I should be there, I wrote to Coll 
Johnson to inform him of the day I propos'd to set out 
from this Town and stay'd five days at Albany before 
I proceeded farther, and having agreed upon a Day with 
him for our meeting the Mohawk Indians at Johnson Hall, I 
went on to the little Falls at Canajoharie, You may imagine how 
much I must have been surpriz'd in passing through the Indian 
Village at Canajoharie to find that none of the Indians | 
of my Arrival in that part of [ ] receiv'd any notice 

[ ] at Your [ ] directed them to 

[ ]-ing to the Village of the [ ]-ed 

to meet them; when I a[rrived ] Hall I found that I was 

likewise [an] unexpected Guest there, but by [the] Authority 
You had given me, I took [pos] -session of Your house together 
with [the] Gentlemen who accompany 'd me, but [ 
acknowledge to You that I could not but [be] very sensible of 
this additional mark of disrespect to me, and was in the first 
emotion it occasion'd tempted to set out again for Albany and 
send direction [to] the Indians to meet me there, Noth[ing 
pre] -vented it but my Apprehensions [that an] ill natur's World 
might [censure you for] an indignity offer'd me at [your house 

344 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in] Your Absence, and sup [pose that it was] done by Your 
direction] shewing the [ 

[ ] 

[ ]ing my question propos'd to them 

[ ]dently appear'd not only to me but to all 

those who were present that the Indians did not come there to 
hear proposals made to them, but to require a Compiyance with 
certain demands, and from that moment I saw it very plainly 
that no agreement would take place, But as I was no way 
interested in this dispute than as a public Officer, I thought it 
incumbent on me to have my proposal made to the Indians, 
after having first desired Coll Schuyler to draw the line in 
question upon the Map, that my intention might be sufficiently 
explain'd, (and it did not appear to make a difference of more 
than 4 or 5000 Acres according to the Plan then before us, 
which was not an Object of any consideration in a contest for 
so large a [ ]d) This was done and upon the 

that they were ready to [ ] to Fort Edvvjward] 

[ ] 

relative to the People [ ] part, Nothing more 

was [ ] they Sollicited in the least on [ 

but the Negotiations went on in[ ] they had at 

first propos'd; This is a [ ] matter of Fact and can 

be attested by [ ] that were in the Room; I must 

beg the[erefore] that You will let me have some explanation] 
of the Confusion since said to be introduced] for there was 
not the least mention of any whilst I was present, This I can 
averr[ ] upon Remsen's leaving the Room in [the] 

Rude manner You must have heard, [ ] to know 

of the Indians (as I could [ ] that he was gone 

away) what Sum [they] demanded for the purchase of [ 
ation requir'd, to this they [answered that] they would leave that 
| and myself, and [ ] whatever [ 

[ ] 

] many thanks for the pains I had [ 
to settle this matter, and for the regard [I] had express'd for 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 345 

their Interests, which they desir'd strongly to recommend to my 
Protection and hop'd that I would on every other occasion shew 
myself as much their Freind as I had done in the present case; 
Can it be suppos'd after this that the expression here made could 
proceed from them? or that they would be induc'd to thank me 
for the disappointment they had just Suffer'd? The Reflection 
which must naturally arise on such a question is too obvious to 
stand in need of any Comment — 

I have been likewise under some difficulty to explain what is 
mean't by the Indians being now call'd in a [ ] manner 

to settle a dispute which [ ] subsisted, and should be 

] pointing out the impropriety [ 
Occasion [ 

[ ] 

for many Years past [ ] this province have always 

[ ] get it Vacated here if they [ 

Notwithstanding the [ ] now acknowledge the 

justness of the [ ] Claim, and that the purchase 

was [ ] regularly made from their Ancestors, 

whi[ ] they were desirous of Confirming, You [may] 

Remember that when I was at Your House two Years ago the 
Indians made a form[al] Complaint to me in Your presence of 
] injustice done to them, by a Claim be[ing] set 
up to so large a Tract of Land, wh[ich] they declar'd their An- 
cestors had ] nor would they consent to the 
se[tling of] it by our People as they had [ ] a Con- 
sideration for it; The [se] were immediately transmitted to the] 
Secretary of State [ ] an Answer [ ] had [ 

[ ] 

] entirely to ourselves for some [ 
after we came there, neither did any of the Indians belonging 
to the Mohawk Castle make their Appearance till some time 
next day notwithstanding their Vicinity and the Appointment 
made which I have already mention'd — 

This treatment I believe You will allow to be not only improper 
but indecent, and it was thought so by those who were with me; 

346 Sir William Johnson Papers 

— If therefore the impropriety mention'd alludes to any of these 
transactions, or to my having been oblig'd to give notice to the 
Indians of Canajoharie personally for the approaching Meet- 
ing I shall readily joyn with them in acknowledging it; 
if it is intend [ed to] convey any other meaning, I should 

] to have it explain'd, because [ 
the highest Authority, [ ] the Indians to Ass[emble] 

[ . ] 

his Service, which [ ] be call'd together either 

[ ] any other part of the Province [ 

can be so weak as to impose on [ ] making them 

believe that such a [ ] would be improper takes the 

most [effica]cious steps to create a disaffection a[mong] them, 
and to prejudice that Service which every good Subject is bound 
to support. 

I am with great truth and 


Your most Obedient 

humble Servant 

t ] 


L. S. 1 

New York, 29 lh : August 1768 

I Am to acquaint you, that a New Plan has lately been 
adopted at home relative to the Management of Indian Affairs 
upon this Continent, the chief alteration which it is necessary for 
you to be acquainted with, is that the Management of the 
Trade is taken from the Superintendant, and is put under the 
direction of the several Provinces, who are to bare respectively 

1 In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 2 1 678, fo. 1 1 4, 
London, England. 

Fost-War Period, 1763-1774 347 

the Expences attendant thereon. This Regulation which seems 
intended to lessen the Expences of the Indian Department, will 
render the Residence of the Commissary's at the Forts unneces- 
sary, as they were appointed thereto for the better Regulation 
of Trade only, and puts an end to all Articles of Expence there, 
as none can well offer, but for the purpose of Commerce, with 
which the Commands Officer has now nothing to do, further than 
to give Protection to the Traders, to keep up Order, and Regu- 
larity, and to prevent the Indians meeting with any ill treatment; 
You will be pleased to pay Attention to this; And tho' I Am 
to suppose that Sir William Johnson has acquainted those acting 
under him, of these New Regulations, yet I think it necessary 
to explain this matter to You, in Order that no Expences what- 
ever, may for the future be contracted at the Fort under Your 
Command, and that you may not be led to certifie any, As 
from this Period no funds being assigned for such Expences, 
they must of course be rejected. 

I Am, 


Your Most Obedient 
Humble Servant, 

Tho s Gage 

Captain Brown 
or Officer Commds 
Rec d at Niag a the 22 d Oct'. 1 768 


INDORSED: Gen 1 . Gage 
29 Aug* 


That a New Plan is adopted 
for the Management of Indian 
Affairs, by which the Residence 
of Comissarys at the Forts 
become unnecessary &c: — 

348 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

Speech of Le Force, And all the Ottaway Chiefs 
delivered at Michilimackina 30 th August 1768 

Father no doubt but you have heard that this fort was taken 
and some people killed Some years ago, but that the Officers 
with the most of the Garrison was Safely Carried to Montreal 
& Delivered to the great Man there by us He Treated us 
kindly & used us like Children and we have ever Since been 
Treated by our fathers, in the Same way, and we are Sensible 
we have had much kindness, more then any other Nation We 
are now Come to tell you that as Long as you remain here you 
and your Garrison Shall always Sleep in Safety, that we will 
watch over you, And If any bad news is hered amongst any 
of the Villiages you shall be informed of it Immediately as we 
are a check to all the Nations, whose harts are not True to the 
English, we do not think that they ever will Attempt any thing 
against you as It will be deficult to do It without our knowledge 
therefore, as we are your Obedient Children, we expect to be 
used as Such, And that you will give [us] from time to time, 
when we Come to see you Some Rum [ Jsion Pipes 

Tobacco & Ammunition, We dont expect [ But 

your Children must not go away dry or [ | they Come 

Out of pure Affection to See their father [ ] that our 

Commander has don any thing to displease ], we 

hope that you will behave in Such a [ ] continued 

here for a long time, it is very disa[greeable | as soon as 

we Become Acquainted with our fathers he is taken away from 
us, and we [ ] wish & pray, that this may not be the 

Case as we are [greatly] Pleased & Satisfied with your Behavor 
to us, and wish y [ou to] Stay Amongst us a long time — 

Delivered their belt — 
My Answer was 

That the great men below was very sensible [ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 349 

of their good behaviour with respect to the Garrission they 
con[veyed] to Montreal, And their Attachment & obedience to 
their fathers every [where] And that I was ordered to look 
upon them as dutiful childr[en and] use them Kindly, And had 
it not been my orders I was inclined] to do so, for I was in 
Montreal when they came there with [ ] And knew 

the whole of that affair, And that their conduct [ ] 

since has merited the esteeme of their father, But they m[ust 
not] expect he cou'd maintain them in time of profound peace 

] his Childern were at liberty to hunt, And none to 
mol[est them] That the great trouble & expence in bringing 
stores [ ] Over the great lake And Accidents & losses 

which [often] makes them not only dear, but sometime very 
[ ] which was the case now, And that their 

] That they wou'd take as much care 
] However I will give your child [ 
them hungry, And the great [ ] 

] Honour, And should have the things which they 
required [ ] me, And something to drink in their 

castles when they gott [ho] me. — 

When they displayd their colours at parting I gave them a 
Salute of five Guns, after which they went off with the greatest 
Satisfaction and well in high spirits what is very remarkable, 
though they had liquors enough, there was not one of them 
drunk during the three days the staid here, I must Observe upon 
the whole, that the Indians in general which I have seen here, 
behave much better than our own Six Nations. — 

B. Glasier 

A. L. S. 

[August 31, 1768] 
Hon rd Sir 

I hope you will pardon the [ ] Libertys I take in 

trubleing you w d Not a [ ] it but my hard fortune 

bringes me to it althow I Never Expectd it in these parts how 

350 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Ever as there is know prospitt of any thing to be done in this 
Said of the water & tow toyelsem to my Best benefacturs which 
is present Death [ ] me & yu my Insure y r Silf this Shall 

be the la[st] Recurse to y r Hon rd — Althow if fortun feavers 
I shall Once More I hope have the happy [ ] of Seeing 

yu & y". in Health & Prosperity — I am Very bear in Close 
at present by & [ M r Camble in Shinecdy took my 

Close for [ ] had them Made up for him Silf while I 

was | | Fort Edward while y u wear away I brought M r 

[Adems?] Acct: to him & to Dunkn s but w d . Not pay the 
B[al ] ce of the Ace 1 at the first Reat Under M r Adams 

h[and?] because they thought I was out of y r Imp[loy ] I 

hope by god & y r Assistance to Seett of about the End of 
Sep 1 " 

from y r Ever will wisher & 

Dutyfull Sv» 

Tho s Flood 

ADDRESSED: To the Honourable Sir William Johnson Bar' 

Johnson Hall 

Thomas Floods letter 
August 31 st 1768 

A. L. 

Fort George August 31, 1768 
Sir — 

The Boundary line between the Colonies and the Indians, 
having been already settled as far to the Northward as Owegy, 
I apprehend that there will be no obstruction to the Confirmation 
of that line at the approaching Congress, but nothing has as yet 
been determin'd on in regard to this Province; I could not learn 
from Coll : Johnson what Plan you had form'd for our Western 
Boundary, and as he seem'd so little prepar'd [on] the Subject 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 351 

I said but little to him and [assur]'d myself that I should have a 
] Interview with You at New York [ ]'d 

and that we might then | ] Sentiments to [ 

[ ] 

Jurisdiction of [ ] extend as far as the [ 

run into the Ocean yet no line [ ] any Lands within 

those Boundaries ] have not actually been pur- 

chas'd [from the] Indians, I should therefore imagine [ 

must be a matter of indifference to th[em ] where that line of 

Jurisdiction should [be] run, if no Claim is founded on it to 

| Lands it will comprehend, and at the [same] time 
it will be of advantage to Indians [that] the Legislature of the 
Province should [be] able to take cognizance of Crimes com 
[mitted] within those Limits, which would [be a] further pro- 
tection to them; I would [ observe that if the divid- 
ing line [ ] to near to the purchases of [ 
made, it must necessarily [be detrimental to the Indians 

] Province will [ 
make p[ ] 

[ ] 

] with the Geography of that part [of the] Country, 
to propose any particular line, neither have I any Charts that I 
could depend on, and can therefore only recommend it to You 
from the knowledge You have of the Country and the People 
with whom you are to transact Business to get the best terms 
You can for the Province, Our Communication with Lake 
Ontario, must be settled in such a manner as to allow of no 
disputes or interruption hereafter, The Kings Service absolutely 
requires it, The meeting of our Assembly having been fix'd for 
the beginning of September, and the Congress (as I was in- 
form'd) to be held the latter end of August, No Commissaries 
could be appointed by them to assist at it, nor do I imagine they 
would have nam'd any, if they [ ] Setting; My health 

will not present there, neither do I [ 

would be any necessity] 

[ ] 

352 Sir William Johnson Papers 

absence, which [ 
under Your prudent [ 
make no doubt but that y [ 

Majestys Service, and regard for [ ] advantages 

which the Colonies in [general ] and this province in particular 
[may] derive from the intended meeting, we engage you to 
exert all the influece You have among the Indians on the present 
occasion; — The Members of His Majestys Council have 
desir'd me to apply to You f[or the] Plan You had laid down 
for the Indian [trade] & Your Observations on those parts of 
it [which] had met with the greatest Success, [ be 

glad to have this as soon as yo[u conveniently could send it, 
that I may [ ] opportunity of laying it before 

] of Assembly as early as [ 
with great truth & [ 
indorsed: Augt. 3 1 sf 1 768 

From S r H Moore 


Df. 1 

Johnson hall Seplr /, 1768 

The Proprietors of the Patent of Hansen 2 have [ ]d 

to me, representing that they are apprehensive they may be 
[deprived?] of their Lowland or of part thereof which would 
greatly Suffer by a Line drawn from fixed points on the Mohawk 
River, & as it is the only Valuable part of their Patent. — 

This not having been effectually done whilst you was here. 
The release being only in general Terms, altho' a case so cir- 
cumstanced as to require a particular Mention of its bounds, It 
is therefore my duty to remind you of this in Justice to the good 
intentions of the Indians who have likewise Spoke to me abt it 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 101 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 353 

& who by all means expect that the Low Land on the River 

[will be] secured to the people who have so long possessed it, 

and which you promised to do when here, I have [ 

that Confidence in the Equity of the proprietors [of the] 

Kayadarossoras that I make no doubt they will 

Low Land aforementioned as soon as possible to the present 

[ ] I remain 



A. L. S. 1 

New York Sep 1 . 3 d . 1768. 
Dear Sir 

I am favored with yours of 27 ih . Ul mo : inclosing a List of 
Officers Necessary for your Department, according to the New 
Reform made therein, which I shall transmit home by the Packet 
which sails in about Eight Days. 

Major Rogers' Accounts have been certified in the Manner 
you mention contrary to the private opinion of some, and by 
others of whom I shall give no opinion; but the Traders must 
apply elsewhere, for I can do Nothing with their Draughts. 
Rogers's Assurance and Cunning I perceive to have gained upon 
Many People, but if those who have made Affidavits and Decla- 
rations against him appear at his Tryal, and make good their 
Allegations, I can't think he will escape unhurt. 

I don't perceive that the Provinces will be able to fix upon 
any Regulations for the Trade, till their Assemblys meet; and 
may be proper to keep your Commissarys some time longer till 
their Resolutions are taken. I observe from the Tenor of your 
Letter, that you Judge the same expences should be incurred 
now in your Department, as before the Change made in the 
Management of the Trade, for you deem it Necessary to have 
People in the different Quarters besides the Deputys to trans- 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 


354 Sir William Johnson Papers 

act Indian Affairs. I must confess that it has puzzled me to find 
out how the Expences of Trade and Negotiations with the 
Indians were to be separated and unless the Provinces appoint 
Commissary s to reside at the Posts in the Manner your's have 
done to make Presents occasionaly to the Indians, Expences will 
in some Shape be incurred at the Post by the Crown. I wish 
they were all demolished and the French Settlers at the Detroit 
and the Ilinois sent down the Country. 

I don't doubt that your Intentions concerning the Boundary 
of New York will meet with Approbation, and I wish the 
Indians of Ohio were ready for the Congress as the more of them 
present at it, the better it would be. I am surprized the Prov- 
inces are so very indifferent about so material a Transaction. 
Gov r . Franklin only whose Province is little concerned is gone 
up. I don't find that Sir Henry Moore has even thought of 
appointing Commissioners, and Virginia might have appointed 
others, altho' those first Nominated are obliged to attend the 
Cherokee. I have heared Nothing of the Intentions of Pen- 
sylvania in this respect. * 

The Belts Mentioned by the Mississagaes, I should have said 
Chippewas, is very probable, and I fear that we shall always be 
liable to such Inconveniences as long as the French are within 
the Reach of the Indians. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W: M Johnson Bar 1 . 

INDORSED: 7 br . 3 d . 1768 

Genr'- Gages Letter 

1 At the proceedings at Fort Stanwix Governor William Franklin, of 
New Jersey, was the only governor present. Virginia and Pennsylvania 
were represented by commissioners. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 355 


L. S. 
[New York, September 6, 1768] 

We have the Pleasure to acquaint you that we the Patentees 
of Cayoderoseras here, well pleas'd with [ ] Proceed- 

ings, and ready to ratify & confirm the same in [the most] ample 
Manner. — 

We should have sent up the Money to discharge the Note 
was kind enough to take of us for the Ballance due 
to [the In]dians at once; but being obliged to send a Deed we 
promis'd [ ] Lands, quite to Philadelphia to be exe- 

cuted by some ] Parties there; we waited untill we 

could send that and [the m]oney together; which we now do 
(at least the Proportion [ ] Patentees in this Quarter) 

by M r . Simon Remsen, who [ ] on M r M c . Crea for 

the remaining Ballance [ ] the Patentees in Albany — 

And we expect that [ ] will accompany the Bearer, 

and see that our [ to] you are fulfill'd to your intire 

Satisfaction [ ] always entertain a gratefull 

Sense of your | ] us to accommodate so old a Dis- 

pute [ ] the most profund Respect Sir 

Your Most Obliged 

[ ] Most Hbl e , Serv s : 

Peter Remsen 
[Isaac Low] 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 401, is a letter of the 8th to Hugh Gaine 
about the expense of completing the printing of the Indian prayer book 
and making 400 copies. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:386; Q, 

356 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Extract l 
(N°. 13) New York Sep*: 9* 1768. 

My Lord, 

I have the honor to transmit your Lordship a List of the 
Officers, with an Estimate of their Salarys, which Sir William 
Johnson judges absolutely Necessary for conducting the Affairs 
of his Department; by which the Expence thereof, will amount 
to one thousand Pounds, more than the Sum fixed by the Board 
of Trade. He also mentions, that from our present extensive 
Alliances, and Connections with the Indians, their own natural 
Disposition and Prejudices, and from the Proceedings of Artfull 
and lurking Enemies; it is necessary People should remain in 
different Quarters, besides the Deputys, to transact Indian 
Affairs, in order to counteract those Disturbers of the Peace, 
whether Whites or Indians. That it is certain, they can not be 
there without Expence, but it should be moderate, arising from 
the Nature and absolute Necessity of the Service. 

It is hoped that the Provinces will be at those Charges, by 
appointing Commissarys to reside at the Posts and Forts, in the 
Manner the Superintendant has practiced, without this, Expences 
will be incurred by the Crown, as long as there are Forts in the 
Indian Country, The distant Indians accustomed to transact all 
Business there, will still haunt the Forts, on many Pretences, of 
Business with the Commanders, whether on the Subjects of 
Trade or Negotiation, and they are never to be turned away, 
without some Present. Sir William Johnson will be desired to 
obviate these Inconveniences as much as in his Power, and when 
the System which the Provinces shall adopt respecting the Trade 
shall be known, it seems necessary, that he should form some 
Plan for the part of the Indian Management committed to his 
Charge, that shall as much as possible coincide with theirs. 

1 In Public Record Office. C. O. 5.86. p. 343, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 357 

D. S. 1 

[At] a Council held at Fort George in the City of 
New York, on Friday the Ninth day of September 
1 768. 

His Excellency Sir Henry Moore Baronet Captain General &c 

M r . Horsmanden 

M r . Watts 

M r . De Lancey 

M r . Reade 

M r . Smith Jun r : 

M r . Cruger. 
His Excellency was pleased to observe to the Board, that M r : 
Penn Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Pensilvania, was 
expected in this City, in his Way to the Congress soon to be held 
with the Indians for the Setlement of a Boundary Line between 
them and his Majesty's Colonies; and that M r . Penn he was 
informed, intends at this general Meeting of the Indians to pur- 
chase of them, in Behalf and at the Expence of the Proprie- 
taries of that Province, such part of the Lands to be ceded by 
the Indians, as may fall within the Province of Pensilvania, 
[which] M r . Penn supposes doth extend Northward so [far as 
to include] the forty third Degree of North [em Latitude, 
whereas the] Northern Limits of that Province [are by the 
Charter expressly confined to] the [Beginning of the forty third 
Degree, and if extended to the End of the said Degree of 
Northern Latitude, would not only greatly] contract the Limits 
of this [Province, but by breaking in] upon many Ancient and 
valuab[le settlements under] this Government, be productive of 
great [Dissatisfaction] and Uneasiness among the possessors of 
the [Soil.] 

The Record of the Charter or Letters Patent [from] King 
Charles the Second in the thirty third Year of his Re[ign] to 

1 Words burned off are supplied from the Council Minutes, 26: 1 25-26. 

358 Sir William Johnson Papers 

William Penn Esq r . for the Province of Pensilvania [was] 
then Read, in which the Lands thereby granted, are described 
in the Words following: 

"All that Tract or Parte of Land in America [with] all the 
Islands therein contained, as the same is [bounded] on the East 
by Delaware River from twelve Mile[s distance] Northward 
of New Castle Towne, unto the three [and fortieth] Degree 
of Northern Latitude, if the said River [doth extend] soe farr 
Northwards, But if the said Riv[er shall not] extend so farr 
Northward, then by the [said River soe farr] as itt doth extend, 
and from the [Head of the said River] the Easterne Bounds 
are [to be determined by a] Meridian Line [to be drawne 
from the Head of the said] River [unto the said three and 
fortieth Degree, the said Land to extend Westward five Degrees 
in Longitude to be computed from the said Eastern Bounds, and 
the said Lands to be] bounded on the North by the Beginning 
[of the] three and fortieth Degree of Northern Latitude, and 
on the South by a Circle drawn at Twelve Miles Distance from 
New Castle Northwards and Westwards, unto the Beginning 
of the fortieth Degree of Northern Latitude, and then by a 
Streight Line Westwards to the Limitts of Longitude above 

His Excellency having required the Advice of the Board 
thereupon; and the Council being of Opinion that such Pur- 
chase, if effected, may greatly prejudice the Rights of the 
Crown; therefore unanimously advise his Excellency to apprize 
Sir William Johnson of the Information he has received, and 
strongly to recommend it to him, as his Majesty's Superintendant 
of Indian Affairs, to interpose and prevent, if attempted, the 
Purchaseing of any Lands in behalf of the Proprietaries of the 
province of Pensilvania, to the [Northw]ard of the Beginning 
of the three and fortieth Degree [of Northern] Latitude, the 
utmost Extent of that Province; [until his Majesty's] Pleasure 

shall be known. 

Exam d By 

[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 359 

A. L. 5. 

New York 10 th . Sept'. 1768 
Dear Sir 

As no mortal when he begins an intercourse with your Kings 
Princes & great Men, knows where the Expence will end, I 
shall take it as a favour (tho I know at the same time the 
request to be superfluous) if Gov. Penn sho'd want any money 
you will be so kind as to put him a way to supply his Demands 
either by Bill on this place or philad a . & I will take care the 
Money shall be punctually paid agreable to his Draughts, the 
only Motive for my mentioning this to you is Gov. Penns being 
an entire Stranger both to the Country he will be in & the Mode 
of raising Money in it — 

I wrote to you a fortnight or more ago about this grand 
Treaty, but his presence will render any answer to my Letter 

I am with great truth — 

D'. S". 
Y r . Most Humb e . 
Serv 1 . 

Jn°. Watts — 

INDORSED : Septb r . 1 th . 1 768 — 
M r . Watt's Letter 
^ Gov r . Penn — 

A. L. S. 

Philad*. 11 th Septemb r . 1768 
[Dear S]ir 

I have taken the oporty. of M r . John [Penn's] going your 

way to send you some of the [ma]gnola seeds, I am told they I 

answer to sow this month or next, however you Can try part this 

fall & part in the spring the low ground answers best for them — 

I have procured some of the plants against next spring which 

360 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I Can send up in tubs with Earth about them & theyl soon bear 
I have now the pleasure of inform^, you I found all my famely 
& affairs well at my return I hope by return of the bearer to 
have the pleasure of hears, of yours & famelys [wejlfare as well 
as your success in the Intended [Con]gress, if you Chuse to 
have any other sort [of see]ds or plants from this quarter I Can 
] ready suply you with them & shall [be gl]ad 
of the oporty. of serv§. you in that [or any] other matter here 
& am with due regards 

Dear Sir 
Your most Obligd 
& most Obed*. Hble Serv 1 . 
[ ] Baron*. FRAN 5 . WaDE 

A. L. S. 
New York 12 th : September 1768 

I intended to have wrote you by M r Harper but he went 
away unexpectedly. His Bonds to French and Brush gave him 
much Trouble French's Creditors at last consented I should 
take in Satisfaction of mine and M r . Clarke's Debt the 14,000 
Acres he had left undisposed of M r . Brush sold one half of what 
he was to have to Harper himself, and the other half 8000 
Acres finally came by Purchase into the Hands of Harper and 
my own — I should have had no Concern in it at all, had I not 
been desirous to settle the above Debt in a Manner that might 
be satisfactory to M r . Clarke However considering the Good- 
ness of the Soil I am in hopes a speedy Settlement will be made 
and the Lands become of some Value I was apprized before I 
engaged in it of the Claim of M r . Penn, and suspected but did 
not know his Intentions to purchase at the approaching Treaty 
the Lands as far Northward as he construes the Proprietaries 
claim to extend, which is so far as to include [the] 43 d degree 
of Northern Latitude, 1 whereas [the gra]nt itself expressly con- 

1 See letter of Johnson to Thomas Penn, August 24, 1 768, also Pro- 
ceedings of Council, September 9, 1 768. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 361 

fines them to [the begin] ning of that Degree, which [ 
from the Equator terminates [ ] Degree is 

marked on the Maps [ ] the 42 d . and of Course the 

[ ] The Place named 

[ ] 

] he will [ ] River. The Governor 

[ ] of M r . Penn's Intentions [ ] 

to such Claim, laid the ma[tter before the] Council, who in a 
Minute containing a] Description of M r Penn's Grant 

] advised his Excellency to recommend [to] you to 
interpose and prevent (sho[u!d it be] attempted) any Purchase 
in Behalf [of the] Proprietaries Northward of the Begin [ning] 
of the 43 d . Degree of Northern Latitude [until] his Majesty's 
pleasure shall be known. It is not likely the Crown will 
indu[lge Mr] Penn in going beyond the strict Construction] 
of his Grant, nor is there any Foundation] that I can see for the 
Claim. Tis best [ for Harper and those interested in 

that [ ] that the Petitions for the whole 250,000' 

] are passed the Council, or perhaps they [ 
have found some Obstacle to their Gra[nt. Not] that the 
Council are at all dispo[sed ] may imagine to favour so 

un [reasonable a] Claim, but they might have ch[osen to] sus- 
pend the Matter, which [ ] I am of Opinion gives 
into [ ] Minute on this Subject wi[ ] 
not that I doubt your dispo [ ] in your Power, as 
you [ seen the pernicious [ ] 
would ensue from [ ] so many m[ ] 
much [ ] 

[ ] 

] Presents the Indians are to re[ceive] [ 
the Design may be to fix a Line of [ Property, and 

at once to put an End to all [ ] Disputes about 

Lands betwen them and us Should this be the Case, I cannot 
doubt but some considerable Personages at home have it in 
view to avail themselves of so fair an Opportunity of obtaining 

1 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 464, and Calendar of Council 
Minutes, p. 537-38. 

362 Sir William Johnson Papers 

large Grants — and this I think the more probable as the Line 
however it may be setled is to await the Confirmations of the 
Crown ; you will see then the Necessity of taking Care of your- 
self in the Purchases you have already made — I wish you all 
the Success in this Treaty your most sanguine hopes can sug- 
gest, which if intended in the Light I view it in will if suc- 
cessful be the most important [ ] any ever made 
with that People; [ ] only to settle a Line, beyond 
which [ ] Whites shall not settle, leaving the 

] on this side the Line in the Indians, an [ 
course the old Disputes about irregular [ ] Purchases, 

still subsisting, deserves not either the Trouble or the Expence 
that will [ ] it. In any Event however I must beg 

[you] will do all you can for the Benefit of [ ]erned 

in the Oriskene & Sadaqueda 1 [ 

I am Dear Sir William 

Your affectionate and obed'. 

Gw Banyar 
ADDRESSED: To On his Majesty's Service 

The Hono ble Sir William Johnson 

Fort Johnson or 
indorsed : 1 768 

[Banyars] Letter 

Johnson Hall Septr. 12*. 1768. 
Dear Sir 

I am just favored with yours of the 3 d . inst and have directed 
the continuance of the Commissarys for a little time longer to 

1 Sauquoit. 

2 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774- 363 

enable the Provinces to Make some necessary provision of that 
kind, tho' I very Much doubt whether they will do any thing 
attended with Expence, — There are so many inconsistencies 
and such difficulties in the Way to their ever Acting on one 
proper plan (and no other will answer) That I apprehend the 
Government will soon be convinced of its inutility. — 

I do not mean that the Same Expences should be incurred 
now that the Trade is to be Managed by the Provinces, all I 
propose is the Depy s . and the Very few Interpreters mentioned 
in the Estimate which I sent you, — The reasonableness & neces- 
sity of having some powers besides in the different quarters, will 
I fear appear too soon, but as the Government have now Settled 
the Matter, That is as I conceive it left to the discretion of the 
Colonies with regard to Trade, who ought to see the Necessity 
there is for their makg such Appointments; — I am however per- 
suaded that all these things sho d . be under one Gen 1 . Super 
Intendence, and I believe that a proper representative of the 
Matter, and a due Attention given to the Subject by his Majesty 
& the Ministry would produce the Same opinion at Court 

I am in hopes that I shall meet with at least some of the 

Sir H Moore by a Letter I have Just now received desires me 
to do what I can for this Province & Excuses himself from com- 
ing up I have likewise a Letter from L' Gov r . Penn; Informing 
me that he will be here in 2 or 3 days with 4 or 5 of his Council, 
Governor Franklyn & His Chief Justice have been here some 
days, and I purpose to set out the 1 5 th Inst, as I Expect the 
Indians at Fort Stanwix abt. the 20th. — 

Rogers appears very Confident of coming off with Success, 
and Certainly amuses the Trading people with various Storys. 
He told M r Gale that like another Columbus, he was confined 
& illtreated for his services to the Country — Vanity is one his 
principal foibles. 

The Traders think the Governmt will immediately pay their 
Accots if refused here — 

364 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Whatever you may think of farther on any of these or other 
Subjects you will please to Write me to Fort Stanwix 

I am always, 

with great Truth & Regard 
Dear Sir, &c 

Gen l . Gage 

to john penn 

D/. 1 
Johnson hall Sept r 12 1768 

I was favored Last night with your Letter of the [ 
Inst and am very glad to find that I shall have the pleasure of 
Seeing you at the Congress. From the reports I have had since 
my last to you, I was induced to fix upon tomorrow for pro- 
ceeding on my Journey but altho' it is necessary I should be at 
Fort Stanwix before the Ind s . are met shall postpone my journey 
till Thursday the 15 th hoping by that time to have the pleasure 
of Seeing You, and your Company, here, if not, Shall give direc- 
tions for your accomodation along the Road, in the best manner 
the Country affords. — 

Your first days Journey from Schenectady should [be] to 
M r . Hendrick Freys near Canajoharee which 38 

Miles, Your next to Shoemakers [ ] Upper End of 

the German flatts would be about [ ] From thence 

to Fort Stanwix is 40 which performed by Water 

and I shall See [ ] for you at the flatts, that will 

] to Fort Stanwix in Two days. I apprehend 
] bedding with you [ 

[ ] 

You may easily [ 
Caghnawaga which is about [ 
shall Likewise leave directions for 
From hence you can go to John Nich [ 
House near the little falls, within a few [ 
German flatts. This last rout you will 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 365 

take in case You should chuse to come in a [ J 

or indeed any other Carriage. 

I heartily wish you & the Gentlemen [ 
you a Safe & Speedy Arrival & remain with great regard 


SepuV. 12*. 1768 

Sent by M r . Wetherhead 

A. L. S. 

New York 12 Sepr. 1768 
Dear Sir 

So many people have lately gone from hence to attend you 
at the Congress that youll learn all the News we have here by 
them, so I shall not take up y r . time on that Acco 1 . — 

We have lately sent us by a Friend [at] Montreal two Bills 
on you viz 1 [Capt] Speismaker's Bill of 1 st . August, with an 
[ace 1 .] certified at Michilimac. annexed 
[ ] Amo'. £413 .11 .8 

[Benjamin] Roberts on you same date 106 7 2 

£519 19 10 
] be so good as to order the [ ] here 

as soon as you possibly can, if they are not to [ 
lett me know it by a Line, that I may [ ] 

them returned properly. 

I am with much Esteem 
D r Sir 

Y r . most obedient & 
verry hum e Serv 1 . 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

INDORSED: [ ]b r . 12 th . 1768 

M r . Wallaces Letter 
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I ] 

[ ] full for the foregoing Ace 1 

[ ] and three Receipts of this Tenor 

i ] 

Bavnton, Wharton & Morgan 
[ ] 6 

[ 1 

of One thousand [ 

Currency of New York by which [ 

said Baynton Wharton and Morgan [ 

of Gordon Forbes Esquire of his Majestys 34 th Reg[iment 

to different Tribes and Nations of Indians at different [ 

his Majestys Service — viz 1 . 

Com [rnissary] 

First To two partys of the Vermillion and Kaskaskia Indians, 
who [came] the Black Fly, in Consequence of a Message 
Sent to them by Me [ ] into the Truth of a 

report which was spread abroad that they had re[ceived] 
a Belt to Strike their Fathers the English. — 

2 nd 'y To the Black Dog a Chief of the Piorias and Sundry 
Parties of his N[ation] who came here on their Return 
from their Winters Hunt to take th[eir Fajthers the Eng- 
lish by the hand agreeable to their usual Custom with 
[their] late Fathers the French — Signifying — That as 
they had now brought their Trade to the English, they 
expected and begged the same Encouragement which 
they were used to receive from their late Fathers the 

3 rd To a Chief and Tribe of the Missouris, who returned 
from their Wint[er] Hunt, and expressed their firm At- 
tachment to their Fathers the English and to Confirm their 
Speech made in March last, and also to acquaint Us that 
as Peace was now Established on the Missouri River, 
they intend [ ] 

[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 391 

] and other Indians living at and around 
[ ] their Fathers the English by the Hand, 

and declare [ ] Resolution to live in Peace and 

promote it throughout all the Coun[try.] They begged 
that as they had brought a Considerable Share of their 
Trade to this Side they might receive Sincere Marks of 
our Friendship for them. — To the Piorias living at Pain 
Court, who had returned from their Hunt and had waited 
thus Long, knowing the Concourse of Indians which had 
resorted at that Season to brighten the Chain of Friend- 
ship with their Fathers the English — On which Errand, 
they now also came and to Express their firm Attachment 
to Us — They also begged a Mark of our Friendship and 
peaceable Disposition toward them. — 
6 ,h, y To the Chief of the Osages with a large Party of war- 
riors who came to Trade and ask our Advice how to Act 
in Consequence of the Spanish Commandant, having de- 
manded their English Colours from them, which they had 
planted in their Village and were determined to preserve — 
They assured Us that in Consequence of the Insult offered 
to them by the Spaniards, that they would return early 
with their whole Summers Hunt and Bring [ 

[ ] 

7 ,h, y To La luche and Tomarf ] 

to beg the Means, where with to [ ] 

their firm Attachment to our Interest — 

8 th 'y To Seven Chiefs of the Putowatamies, with their Sa [ 

bring back the two Prisoners named Stewart (& his Wife) 
taken [ ] Young Men from this place in April 

last — They expressed a Sin [cere detest] ation of such 
an Act and to Convince their Fathers the English that 
[they] had done everything in their Power, to wipe of the 
Stain, and that [no ill] Consequences might ensue, they 
humbly implored foregiveness — Promised faithfully that 
nothing of the Kind should hereafter happen — That in 

392 Sir William Johnson Papers 

regard to some former imprudent Acts which their Young 
[Men] had Committed, they begged that they should be 
forever forgotten — [ ] hoped this Instance, 

will convince their Fathers the English of their Penitence 
and detestation of the Act And begged to receive a Con- 
vincing Token of their Forgiveness to Shew their people 
on their return — 

9 th 'y To the Black Dog Chief of the Piorias who with great 
part of his Nation came to acquaint us that they were go- 
ing out on their Summer Hunt on the Grand Prairie, to 
provide Meat for their Old Men, their [ 
[ ]ly those who came to 

[ ] Friendship with the English 

and to [ such trade] with us as might tend to the 

Advantage [ ] they were egregiously imposed on 

by the French and Spaniards [who] came among them. — 
To a Chief of the Arcanzas and one of his Warriors, who 
came to know whether or not the Report which the 
French had Spread, concerning the English Fort having 
fallen into the River was True, in Consequence of which 
they had carried their Skins home — But now demanded 
to know, whether they may hereafter come and Trade 
with Us on the Same Terms with the rest of their 
Brethren. For assurance where of they begged a Token 
to carry to their Nation. — 

12 tfl 'y To Pondiac and his Attendants, who came to Visit his 
Fathers the English — He had Wintered on the Wabash 
and had now Come to see all his Brethren the Indians in 
this Country and to know their Sentiments and Disposi- 
tions in General, And that if he found any bad reports 
amongst them, he might warn them to Shut their Ears 
against all bad Birds — As he intended not to return to 


] intention of [ ] 

between all the Ind[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 393 

13 th To the Grand Chief of the Osages together 

agreeable to their [ ] with a Considerable [ 

Example of their future Intentions — They say the 
] Nations intend soon to take their Fathers 
the English by [the hand] and for the Future to bring 
their Trade to this Place. On Passage here 

the Spanish Commandant a Second Time demanded 
[their] Colours and the Wampum they had received with 
them [ ] they left with him on his Promise that he 

would bring them [to the] English in Person in two days, 
and there deliver his Speech in [ | of Both parties 

— They flattered themselves that their Fathers [the] 
English would Consider them agreeable to their Promise 
in the last Speech, that they would be entitled to their 
Notice in proportion to the Trade they brought amongst 

14thly To sundry Chiefs and Partys of Ottaways and Chippa- 
ways, who came to assure Us of their firm Resolution to 
Maintain and Promote Peace to the utmost of their 
Power, betwen all the Indian Nations and the English 

[ ] 

[ ] different Nations of Ind 

[ ] return from War, In 

[ ] to divert their Atten 

] into any League [against Us] 

[ ] 

Goods charged in the foregoing [one thousand] Six hun- 
dred and one p founds ten shillings and sixpence] of the 
Province of N [ ] by my App [ 

from Mess rs . Baynton Wharton & Morgan by Edward 
Cole Esquire [ ] Affairs and were de- 

livered by him and my Self at various Times | 
Tribes and Nations of Indians as particularly Specified 
in the foregoing [certificate under the Hand of the said 
Edward Cole Esq r . — Which Expenfses were] abso- 

394 Sir William Johnson Papers 

lutely Necessary to be made for the Benefit of his 
Majestys Service 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand 

Gordon Forbes Cap ! . 

34 th R[egt] 


In Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:91-92, is a letter of August ! 3th 
from the Earl of Hillsborough, asking Johnson to examine into and report 
on a petition for a grant of copper mines circumjacent to Lake Superior, 
and inquire into the probable attitude of the Indians toward the grant. 


ri. JL>. O. 

New York August 14 ih 1768. 

Dear Sir, 

I have just received your's of the 5 th Ins 1 :, whether the Belts 
mentioned by the Chippewa Chief, to have gone amongst the 
western Nations, are those which were passed thro' the Nations 
the Beginning of the Winter, or any new affair, he has not 
explained. There was no doubt a stir amongst them, and the 
French Traders will invent Lyes, and excite them to Mischief, 
as long as they remain Neighbours to us, and that there is a 
Competiton for the Trade between them and the English 
Traders. I have ordered all the French Traders to be Seized 
who are found on our Side of the Mississippi ; and have given 
Notice thereof to Don Ulloa 2 , that he may publish his orders, to 
prohibit either Traders or Hunters from transgressing their 
Boundarys, by coming into His Majesty's Territorys. 

I have heared Nothing from the Province of Jersey concern- 
ing the Business of the Boundary, as I did not write to the 
Gov 1- , of that Province about it. But Governor Sharpe laid my 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Antonio de Ulloa, Governor of Louisiana, 1 764-68. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 395 

Letter to him before the Council of Maryland who did not 
apprehend their Province to be any ways affected by running the 
Line as described in the Report of the Board of Trade and 
had nothing to communicate upon the subject. Both the men- 
tioned Provinces ought no doubt to pass Laws to prevent the 
Transgression of the Boundarys could People transgress them 
immediately from their Jurisdiction 5 , which I apprehend will not 
be the Case, as they must go into other Provinces before they 
can reach the Boundary. 

The omission of the Province of New- York should be re- 
marked to the Secretary of State, which I mean to do by first 
Opportunity. And in this affair, which is meant to be general, 
that Province ought to be included; or more work will remain 
to be done hereafter, if not finished now. You may depend 
upon it that no Province will abide by any Boundary that shall 
be settled at this Congress between the Provinces respectively, 
tho their respective Governors should agree upon it. and in my 
opinion you would give yourself very needless Trouble, in trying 
to settle more than a Boundary between the Indian's Lands and 
the Provinces in general. 

I am very glad the affair of Kayaderosseras is at length ac- 
comodated. Be so good to Send the Papers about Rogers to 
Gov r . Carleton as soon as possible. Major Rogers is arrived 
at Montreal, and they only wait the Evidences from Missili- 
makinac to begin his Tryal. 

I am with great Regard, 

D r . Sir, 
Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R . W M . Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: N York Aug. 14 th . 1768 
From Gen 1 . Gage 

396 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New Haven Sep y 15, 1768 
[Dear] Sir 

Tis with pleasure I take the opportunity by M r Chew to 
Express the satisfaction I had in hearing you got safe home & 
found yourself better for your Excursion. It would have given 
me real pleasure to have waited on you in this Town, had it been 
agreable to you to have taken this Rout; I had not the opper- 
tunity to spend so much time with you at New London as I 

Col Fitchs affairs dont admit of his waiting on you at this 
time. Should you have it in your power to render him any 
service I am sure you [woujld not want any thing I can say [to 
indue] e you. I am so well convinced [of your] benevolent 
disposition, that I [ ] perswaded of your readiness 

Man of Col° Fitchs merit, after those who have a 
prior right to S r W[illiam] Johnsons favour are served by him 
if tis in his power to oblige me in the land way, I shall gratefully 
Acknowledge the obligation. I am with real Esteem 

sir William 
Your most Obedient 
humble servant 

Nathan Whiting 
S R W M . Johnson Bar 1 . 


Col Whiting's Letter 

Dear Sir, 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 397 

A. L. S. 

New York, Sep. 16* 1768 

I take the opertunity of Governor Perm's departure for your 
part of the World to pay my respects to you. 

There is a M r . Bostwick who came recommended strongly to 
us from our friends in England, & they beg'd [us] to use our 
Interest with you to [be] kind enough to assist him in [the] 
business that he might [ to lay before you — He 

went [away from] this place before I cou'd [ ] but 

I hope this will be [ ] with you to influence you in his 


I was in hopes to have seen you [in] New York but hope to 
hear, [as] I was disappointed in the pleasure of seeing you, 
that your tour [was] of that service to you that Every one who 
has the honor of knowing you wishes. 

Among whom no one can be with more sincere [ 
& respect D r . s r . 

Your most [ 

[ ] 

[ I 

INDORSED : 1 768 

[M r O]Briens Letter 
<P Gov r . Penn 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 402, is listed a letter of September 1 7th 
from Hugh Gaine, in New York, sending a memorandum, found among 
Mr Weyman's papers, on the cost of Indian prayer books and agreeing to 
finish the work satisfactorily. (Printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:386-87; 
Q, 4:243.) 

398 Sir William Johnson Papers 



L. S. 1 

Fort Stanwix Sept r . 20 lh , 1768. 

I am very Glad to find that your Excellencys Letter of the 
27 th . ult°. explains the hints you gave in a former Letter of dis- 
satisfaction at the Transactions at my House during my 
Absence, the Rather as it is in my Power to shew you wherein 
you have been deceived, and induced to Express your Self so 
Very unfavourably both of men and measures. 

In the first place what seems to introduce the Subject in your 
Letter of the 27 th . ult°. is a Resentment unjustly entertained 
from a Misconstruction or misaplication of some words in the 
late minutes, where the Indians speak of a seeming Confusion 
that arose from different Opinions and proposals, I do not know 
how Gentlemen unacquainted with the Indian Idioms and the 
manner of drawing their inferences may Conceive them, but I 
do assure you, I did not View them in that Light, nor can I think 
that they Reflected in the least upon you, they the Indians have 
indeed sinse Observed to me that they took notice of much heat 
on Both sides, and as some of them understand a Little English, 
and that they were never Accustomed to see any degree of 
warmth on subjects of that nature in publick meeting they were 
induced to Call it a Confusion; 'tho I am perswaded they did 
not mean by that any Reflection on you Sir, but I spoke Gen- 
erally as to the disagreement of Opinion on the Subject; — I do 
not apprehend there will be Occasion to appeal to any of the 
By standers regarding the Affair if there is I am under no appre- 
hensions of any thing they can say to my prejudice nor (by all 
that I can understand) to that of my Officers, but waving this, 

1 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 22679. fo. 46, London, 
England. A draft in Johnson's handwriting, considerably injured by fire, 
is in the State Library. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 399 

I Shall procede to State the proceedings from your Excellencys 
setting out for my House and doubt not that on Cool Reflection 
you will be satisfied with my Explanation of these matters unless 
prejudiced in a manner I Cannot suppose. 

On Receiving the Certain Account of your intentions to leave 
York Col Johnson agreable to my Instructions sent a string of 
wampum and a message to the Indians of Oghgaugey to Call 
them immediately here and to the Conajoharras to Remain at 
home in readiness to attend on the first Summons, the like direc- 
tions were given personally to the Mohawks all this was for- 
merlly and Regularly done as can (if occasion required) be 
proved, to have brought them down before you arrived would 
have been attended with much trouble and unnecessary Expence 
which the Crown does not approve, neither I beleive would the 
province incline to defray it besides it was needless as it plainly 
and fully appears that the several tribes could and actually did 
attend in due time and in regular succession, the one arriving as 
the Bussiness with the other was nearly terminated, so that in this 
Col°. Johnson acted very Judiciously. 

On Arriving at his House you appointed a time to meet him 
at my house and proceeded to the little falls, the day following 
he Received an Account that you had not Reached the Stage 
you proposed and Consequently Could not be back at the time 
appointed notwithstanding which he set out the day fixed on 
(altho he had much Bussiness to do did not Expect to meet 
you) and arrived at the Hall within about half an hour after 
yourself as the Gentlemen who Accompanied you informed him 
had he been much later what I have asserted which I believe 
is the truth might have apologised for it he had the day before 
sent orders to my Butler to prepare for your Reception, which I 
am told he did your entertainment indeed might have (from 
the Circumstances of the Country and our distance from Market) 
fallen short of your Expectations and my inclynations but this I 
should immagine you would Excuse 

Col Johnson was too well acquainted with the forms of the 
Indians to bring them to meet you immediately on your arrival, 

400 Sir William Johnson Papers 

had he brought them they would have toid you that they 
declined doing bussiness on the day of your Arrival, and you then 
agreed to meet them the next morning which was according done, 
it hurt me much to find your Exeellency Observe that you was an 
unexpected guest at my House I hope that what I have related 
will shew that you were neither an unwelcome or an unexpected 
guest there, and that you met with no unnecessary or Other delay 
when there, on the Contrary every thing was Conducted with 
Rather too much rapidity on which head I must Remarke that 
whosoever has any affairs to transact with Indians, must know 
their forms and in some measure comply with them, and to our 
Ignorance, negligence and Hauteur in these points we must 
attribute the little esteem they have for us. I beg Sir that you 
will not so far misunderstand me as to imagine this a Reflection 
upon any Part of your Conduct which was very Excusable as 
you Could not be acquainted with these matters and I think Col . 
Johnson was to blame in not telling you more freely how you 
should have acted tho I am fully Perswaded that his Respect for 
your Character Checked him too much throughout the whole 
proceedings, this Sir every impartial bystander took particular 
notice of, my Reason for mentioning this is to Explain the 
Pecular Turn of Indians, who on not finding what they say com- 
mitted word for word to writing then Read before the Chief &ca 
with the omission of other little forms might induce them to say 
since that they were now met in a Proper manner, tho for my Part 
I only conceive them to be words of Course often made use of 
as a Compliment to me their Superintendant without any inten- 
tion of Reflecting upon the character or Conduct of others. 

As to the proposal of a line to Fort Miller it had been made 
by Col. Johnson himself before your Arrival but the Indians 
Objected to it you had been calculating the Quantity of land 
within these bounds and Observed that there were Gentlemen 
ready to purchaise the Remainder when the Indians withdrew 
to a Room upstairs in my house to Consult on an answer to 
Remsens proposial, you desired Col Johnson to go & Recomend 
that line to them adding that you declined proposing it in pub- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 401 

lick meeting till you knew whether they would agree to it or not 
Col Schyler was likewise sent upstairs to him to desire the pro- 
posal to be made which he did fairly and litterally according 
to your desire by M r Butler the Interpreter all which Can be 
proved upon oath, as well as that the Indians would not agree 
to it for Very sensible reasons which they then gave, all which 
Coll Johnson reported to you on his coming into the Council 
Room, and notwithstanding the light in which the proposing it 
twice within a few minutes would have been Viewed, it would 
have been again Repeated had not M r Remsen declared posi- 
tively that he would not accept of it a Circumstance which I 
daresay you Recolect and here I Cannot help Expressing my 
Concern for the unjust Suspicions you Expressed both at my 
house before several Persons, at new York and now in your letter 
concerning the Honesty of my Officers, which notwithstanding 
any insinnuations to the Contrary will appear unimpeachable. 
I am Perswaded that M r . Butler acted as a faithfull interpreter 
he is a Sworn Officer of my department, a man of a Very fair 
Character, and of as much Integrity as any Person at New 
York ; The Affair of Klock I shall Speak of hereafter, but in this 
place I have only farther to Explain the two points that seem so 
disagreable to your Excellency, and first as to the Confusion the 
Indians Spoke of which you say "Occasioned none whilst you 
was with the Indians" I must here observe, that had it created 
ever so much they would not have told you of it they would 
have acted accordingly, and Remarked it afterwards, such is 
their disposition, but I have already assured your Excellency and 
I again Repeat it that I did not neither do I imagine it as a 
Reflection upon any Part of your Conduct or good Intentions, 
but arising from their Observation of the warmth and difference 
of Opinion produced on their behalf and on that of the 

As to the words that they were now Called in a proper manner 
I have to add in Answer that they Could not mean to find fault 
with your having desired the Conajoharees to come down, as 
they had been long advised to hold themselves in readiness and 

402 Sir William Johnson Papers 

more I have already shewn would have been improper, and at 
last when they came it was in consequence of a message sent to 
them by two Indian Messengers Sent by Col Johnson during the 
time you were engaged about Kayadarosseras and I have before 
Observed and again assure you that I have heard such things said 
before and Conseder them as words of Compliment which it is 
natural Enough for them to pay their Superintendants Summons, 
thus have I as far as time and my present hurry will permit 
answer'd these points and I hope Satisfactorily Shewn that your 
Excellency has been under Some Error with Regard to your 
Reception at my House and that you met with no unnecessary 
delays there, that the words in the Records did not bear the 
Explanation you hinted at and that the Conduct of my Officers 
was unimpeachable and I flatter my Self that my Character and 
behavour has been always such as to entitle me to belief, and 
that my Assertions are well founded and will meet with a 
favourable reception from your Excellency it only Remains for 
me to say something generally as to the Affair of Kayadarosseras 
and Klock, as to the first the Indians always say they were over- 
reached and wronged by that patent and they made several 
Complaints of it at deferent times but tho often Represented here 
and at home, nothing was done in it Neither was there any 
Probability of it from my letters and best accounts, the Indians 
spoke of it to your Excellency when here in 1 766 with a Veiw 
to your pusshing the Proceedings at Law in this case — the like 
they did in that of Klock there was no Other manner in which 
you could have served them otherwise perswade my Self they 
might have relied on speedy relief, His Majestys Ministers (as 
your Excellency informs me) were doubtless pleased with your 
Espousing their interests and recommended it to you. In the 
mean time the Patentees applied to me for the Amicable settle- 
ment of the affair, which I thought it my duty to promote, sensible 
it would be most agreable to the Crown and accordingly wrote 
the Secretary of State to that effect acquainting him with my 
intention from whome I have sence received answer declaring 
his Majestys Royal approbation of all my Measures. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 403 

M r Klocks affair was in the attorney Generals Hands and His 
Majestys Minister informed me that you would receive orders 
to push the Suit. Last autumn your Excellencey could not 
come up to perfect the several Sales of lands as you intended a 
Circumstance you regreted in your letters and promised to be up 
for that purpose the Ensueing Spring, Early in which I Received 
a Letter from the Committee of Kayadarosseras informing 
me that they would send up M r Remsen fully impower'd 
as their agent, I promised him all my assistance and in- 
structed my Deputy accordingly and as to Klocks affair 
I had not the least Reason to suppose that your Ex- 
cellency would have had it in your power at a meeting at my 
house to have brought him to the punishment due to his repeated 
Villainys, and Consequently that nothing would be done therein. 

I Cannot Conclude without Expressing my great concern at 
finding that you have thro mistake fallen into an Error of which 
you are desireous of accusing me or my Officers, the Rather as 
Col Johnson found himself under the Necessity of explaning 
several of these particulars to you when at my House at which 
time you assured him, (as he says) you were undeceived. I am 
not Conscious how or why a difference of Opinion should have 
arisen since. 

If your Excellencey has preserved a Copy of your letter of 
the 27 th ult°. and will Consult the two last pages you may from 
what I have asserted and from what can be proved by the Testi- 
mony of Sundry Persons Conceive how much it hurt me to find 
you besides your other charges to insist on the impropriety and 
indecencey of your treatment. 

Some Prejudice founded on a Misconstruction of words or 
Actions on your first arrival at my House must have occasioned 
your Judging so unfavourably and lead you in the End of your 
letter to suppose me Ignorant of Duty of Office, which I wish 
Every Officer of the Crown had Equally at Heart, and took 
Equal pains to discharge as they ought. 

404 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I know the Extent of a Governors Authority 1 and wish all 
men paid equal Regard to it I know at the Same time that the 
Superintendancy over the Indians was created and designed to 
be in Indian affairs independant thereof, and for this I can pro- 
duce good Authority for which good reasons were assigned — 
Nevertheless should the Service require the attendance of the 
Indians at any Place on the Continent and that the province will 
defray their Expences I shall recomend it to them to attend and 
I hope my Conduct is and has been such that no man can be so 
weak as to suppose me capable of Creating a Disaffection 
amongst the Indians nor should I suffer it to pass with impunity 
from any Subject; I am still unwilling to apply that part of your 
letter to my Self, tho I think the words made use of require an 
Explanation beyond any thing of which you have Complained. 
However Sir you may be assured notwithstanding the severity 
of your letter the Concern it has given me shall never operate 
to the prejudice of the publick Service, but that with a thorough 
reliance on his Majestys protection and the Expectations of your 
more Favourable Opinion I Remain 

Your Excellencys most 
Obedient and 
Most Humble Serv 1 . 

W Johnson 
His Excellency 

S R - Henry Moore Bar 1 . 

INDORSED: S r . W. Johnson Sep 1 . 20 


1 Sir Henry Moore's jealousy of encroachments on his authority is illus- 
trated in a letter of March 5, 1 768 to the Earl of Shelburne, Doc. Rel. 
to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:16-17. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 405 


New London Sep tr . 21 sl 1768 


If in so considerable a space of time as since You left N 
London I could have thought myself capable of communi- 
cating any thinrj material agreable pertinent or useful I would 
not surely have been so long in acknowledging the very great 
pleasure I enjoyd while You was here nor or expressing the 
desire I have of knowing that your visit upon the Sea Coast has 
been useful to Your Health so useful that it may induce You 
to return next July which is the prime season for drinking and 
bathing in the Sea. Here is nothing moving or engaging but the 
circumstances of the Province and Town of Boston which really 
seem now to be brought to a point or the alternative of Resist- 
ance or Submission the first would be Phrenzy and the latter 
after so much bluster would blot the Escutcheon of their Illus- 
trious and very Valorous Attchievments. Every hour brings 
new rumours and Surmises not worth repeating to You. By a 
letter of last post Mr Harrison the Collector informs me [that] 
in consequence of the Distractions there His [ ] Family 

embarks for London as Sunday last [ ] two Reg ts . 

with a Company and train of [artillery are] every instant ex- 
pected there from Halifax [ ] friday at Newport I see a 
letter from [ ] that Gov r Bernard had receivd 

orders to come to London with 
] and the Choice of [ 
returning to Boston or of being otherwise [ | and that 

He would embark early in October [ ] be at home 

soon after the meeting of [Parliament] Since this there are Ships 
of late Passages at [ ] from London which agree in 

the adoption of ] vigorous and serious measures — 

L d Howe two Ships of the Line frigates and 

406 Sir William Johnson Papers 

transports [ ] with three Reg ts from Ireland are orderd 

to [ ] Boston. These tidings and steps occasions 

[many] town meetings in which it is said to have been resoIv d 
first to seek the Lord by General fasting prayer and Humilia- 
tion and then to Assemble the Convention of Ninety two to 
determine upon what is to be done in the present difficulty and 
Distress. You will be so good as to excuse [my] covering the 
enclos d for M r Chew and also to offer my Compliments to Sr 
John Johnson from 


Your most Obedient [ 
most humble S[ 

Thomas Moff[att] 
S R William [Johnson] 



Fort Stanwix Sept 25 ih 1768 

Since my last The Commissioners from your Province 2 arrived 
at my House and are now with me at this place in daily Expec- 
tation of the Arrival of the Indians. — I at first judged it best 
to Call the 6 Nations down without delay as fearing that the 
Miscarriage of a pacquet which occasioned the postponing the 
Congress from July unto this Month might have prevented my 
seeing the Shawanese & Delawares, but having now certain ac- 
cots of their Approach, I Judge it Necessary that Col. Lewis 
& M r . Walker sho d Stay altho' it may prevent their attending 
the proposed Congress to the Southward, because it might ap- 
pear odd to the Indians & would defeat the Object of their 
Journey here. — I have farther to observe that I am pretty cer- 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

2 Virginia. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 407 

tain the Northern Confederacy will insist on their Rights & 
Claims South of the Kanhawa River, and may possibly (in case 
such Claims are admitted) agree to a more favorable Line than 
that proposed by the Lords of Trade to Extend from Carolina 
N. to the Mouth of Kanhawa that therefore I am of Opinion, 
it were best to deferr coming to a Conclusion with the Cherokees 
till we hear what will be done at this Congress which will I hope 
be terminated within a fortnight, and during which my best 
endeavors shall be made use of for obtaining an Advantagious 
& Satisfactory boundary. — 

As the Commis rs . Write you by this opportunity I have only 
to add that I am with perfect Esteem 

Sir &c 
The honble 

John Blair Esq r . 


Fort Stanwix Sep r . 25 lh 1768 

Since I wrote you the Virginia Commiss rs . arrived at my house 
& proceeded for this place where we are now all Waiting the 
Arrival of the Indians now on the Road. — The 6 Nations 
could have been here ere now but as I received Advice that the 
Shawanese & Delawares were Near at hand I Judged it best 
to Wait a few days, & thought it best that the Virginia Corn- 
miss"- remained Likewise altho they might be thereby disabled 
from attending the proposed Meeting to the southward. — 

The Miscarriage of a pacqt wch of necessity postponed the 
Congress from July to this Month, was a little unlucky but I 
hope it will be Satisfactorily carred on Now. I have the 
Strongest reasons for thinking that the 6 Nations will insist on 
their Title to the Lands as far South as the Cheroke River, which 
if allowed of, it is possible [they] may be induced to grant a 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

408 Sir William Johnson Papers 

more favorable boundary [than] that proposed by the Map 
from Carolina North to [the mouth] of Kanhawa — This is 
worthy Consideration [ ] opinion that it may be 

better to deferr [ ] fixed Conclusion with the Chero- 

kees concert, [ ] Event of the Congress here is 

known [ ] you my thoughts hereon, [ 

preparing for the business [ 


W™burg 26*. Sept. 1768 

Upon your favour of the 1 8 th Aug*. w ch lay in Montreal several 
days before my Return from Aughquisasne I prepared immedi- 
ately setting off fr home and acquainted Gen 1 . Charleton & Col° 
Jones of my going to the Congress you was to hold at Fort 
Stanwix this Month. And accordingly engaged Philip and 4 
Caghnawy. Ind ns . to come with me over the Lakes, & last Thurs- 
day evening arrived at my house. I intended to proceed immedi- 
ately from hence in order to meet [you] at Fort Stanwix, but 
finding on my Arrival that little [Nan]cy had laboured under 
a severe course of Sickness this time [ ] and was still 

so ill as to be feared she would not be able [ ] it 

out much longer, I could not think of leaving [ ] 

under such Circumstances, and therefore let the [ ] 

were desirous of seeing you proceed without me [ ] ning ; 

at the same time detaining Philip that [ ] should 

mend a little I would set off with him [ attend] the Con- 

gress, but to my Sorrow I ap[ ] probability of the 

childs Recoverey ] allmost wore down to 

a Skeleton ] the Rest & if necessary give 

his Assistance in any thing he may be want[ 
return without the rest they having y e . Boat to [ ] 

1 Words burned off in paragraph 3 are supplied from an extract printed 
in Journals of Major Robert Rogers, p. 251-52, ed. F. B. Hough. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 409 

that brought me over. There came likewise with [ ] 

young lad named Thorn of ah*. Twenty who was [Prisoner ] 

the Shawanese since a Boy of 5 or 6 years old, he s [ 

M r . Hay sent him with a Packet for you to Niagara [ 

last Spring where he was taken up and sent by [ ] 

to Montreal Pris r . I released him from the M [ ] 

there where he was confined as a Vagrant. 

Perthuis by his Letter wants to know when he may [ 
for the Money Gen 1 . Gage ordered to be paid him [ 
of Two Frenchmen at Montr 1 , who Col Bradstreet [ 
some Arms &c a from in 1 764 w ch . he is empower [ 

The Officers from Michil c that are [to prosecute] Maj r . 
Rodgers were not arrived when I left [Montreal, but] hourly 
expected, If they arrived [the prisoners could] not come before 
the Court having been oblidged [to begin a] Salivation a little 
before I came a [way. The principal] paper that is wanted from 
you [is Potter's affidavit, you] having the Original; I [brought 
Hopkin's letter back,] & left Rodgers's original; [acknowledged 
the receipt of it as] none but original [papers may be produced 
before a Court Martial sitting on such] Occasions, Col 1 Jones 
promised to take good Care [of it] 

The day I left Montreal an Officer was sent [ ] d r . of 

Gen 1 . Carlton to Carillon & Riviera au Lievre [ ] Leagues up 
the Ottawa River to choose spots convenient for posts to inspect 
Ind n . Trade thereabouts as far as the Limits of the Province 
goes; And as to regulating Trade without the Prov ce . I hear he 
has consulted S r . Henry More ab'. it. — 

I wish you a Satisfactory Conclusion of the Congress & safe 
Return home. M rs . Claus & Johnson join me in Compliments 
to you & Bro rs . S r . John & Guy And am with tender Respect 

Hon d Sir 

Your Obedient son 

Dan Claus 

410 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[N. London, September 28, 1768] 


As in my last I mentioned somewhat of the temper and Com- 
plexion of Boston so now from good intelligence I may add that 
ten days ago Gov r Bernard communicated in Council that He 
was duly advised from White Hall that a Body of the Kings 
troops were orderd from Halifax to Boston and might he daily 
expected and would be joind by several Regiments from Great 
Britain and Ireland with a Squadron of Ships of war. This in- 
telligence notwithstanding of their Seeking the Lord in Prayer 
&c and of having voted & resolv d to resist and fight and of having 
the Concurrence and Aid of Seventy members of the Committee 
of Safety who met in Convention last Thursday — The Good 
and antient Town has determined not to fight but Taper off as 
easy and small as possible. Capt n Bruce publickly reports that 
Otis Rowe and Hancock will be requird to embark in the Rose 
Ship of War for London. 

I hope to hear by M r Chew that Your Journey upon the Sea 
Coast and Your Bathing at the mineral Springs in your way 
Home has been very serviceable to You [If an]y Regular 
Physician has explord and [analyzd] these mineral waters it 
would be | | satisfaction to me If I could be infor[med 

of their] Quality and Contents. I am 

S r Your most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

Thomas Moffatt 
indorsed: [ ] 1768 

[ ] Moffatt's Letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 411 


Fort Stanwix Sept r . 28 tA 1768 

I have had the favor of your Excell c y s Letters of the 31 st . 
Aug 1, and the 10 th . of this Inst, which my Journey to this place 
prevented me from Answering. I wrote you the 20 th Inst, from 
this place and am now to Answer your last Letters — 

The Boundary Line so far as Owegy was only talked off 
with the Indians, but I am hopefull that I shall be able to get 
that and all other Boundarys advantageously settled at the 
Congress. — 

It was not in Coll. Johnsons power to inform you concerning 
the Continuation of the Line West of this Province, as I never 
fixed upon any, it was my Intention to Obtain as Much Land as 
I possibly could, and agreable to such Boundary as would be 
most Advantagious to the Province, and agreable to the Indians 
according as the [line] could be best agreed on at the Treaty, 
this is the I way of acting with success. As I have 

always, & ] the Lands on the provinc 1 . [ 

boundary Line were to be considered as [ ]ded to 

the Crown, without this the [ ] would be of little 

utility. — 

] Extended its Grants so far into [ 
farther West cannot be [ ] the Grants [ 


best Judgment, and [ 

It will be at Least as much as [ 

of. — The Communication to [Lakes 

be undisputed, and Likewise the posts now [occupied 

hope for more that way. — 

I have received and perused the [Minute of Council] which 
accompanied you favor of the 10th [ ] Stranger 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

412 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to the Subject, and had I never been ad [ ] It was my 

intention to take particular] Care of the Interests of this 
Province and guar[d them] against such an unreasonable Claim, 
being [entirely] of opinion with you and the Gentlemen of [the] 
Council thereon, and I hope it will appear that [in] this and 
every other matter, I shall Shew myself [ Friend to 

this Province, without prejudice to that G[eneral] Interest which 
is the Imediate Object of my duty 

The State of the Carrying place here [ ] grossly 

misrepresented to you, The Indians [ ] do not carry 

over [ ] on their backs or with Horses, nor 

have [ ] for many years past, There are [Germans ] 

here & have done so for some years [ ] Horses & 

Carriages for that purpose than they [ ] and as 

a farther confirmation [ ] Certificate from the 

[ ] has committed the [ ] resided there 

15 [months ] May [ ] 

] having inquired of me whether [ 
any Goods or Peltry over the Carrying place [and] desired my 
Answer in Writing I do Certify that [since] I came to Command 
and reside at this place which was the 27 th [of June] 1 767 — 
No Indians have either offered themselves or their Horses neither 
have they been employed in the Transportation of Goods or 
peltry over this Carrying place, but the same have been carried 
by some Germans who have long resided here & are Supplyed 
with Horses & Carriages for that purpose — 

Witness my hand &ca 
30* Sept'. 1 768 

Galland L'. 

Comds at Fort Stanwix 
[I sha] 11 be glad your Excell^ will Let me know 

| was that gave you the above 
information as it may be disagreable to the 

| the | ] tecting persons guilty of the Like 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 413 

[ ] hereafter — The Report can be 

] Whole Neighborhood if Necessary — 

To S' H Moore B f . 


Schenectady 28 th September 1768 

Last night your esteem'd favour of the 25 th came to hand [in] 
consequence of which I now send You what Part of Your 
mem dm J [ can ] procure, the Maderia I have taken from M r 
Clinch in [ho] pes it may prove more agreeable than what I 
have, being at [pre] sent the same as Tices, Neither Taunton 
ale, nor any kind of [cheese] are to be got in Town, in the leu 
of Lemons I am obliged to [ ] Limes & extremly glad 

that was in my Power, some time [ago I] wrote to N. Y. for a 
cheese for my own Use, shou'd it come in [ I] find opp'y 

will send it up Inclosed I send a List of [ for] ward & 

Clench being in Albany prevents my making [ ] not 

knowing what he will charge [ ] which comes 

to hand for you or any of the Gentlemen [ ] carefully 

forwarded on receipt likeways any [ ] the Post 

directed to my Charge. I have [ Respects] to Colo 1 . 

Johnson who I imagine is seldome at a loss for a few jovial 
friends to welcome in the [ ] I must likeways trouble 

You to remember me to sir John, Colo 1 [Claus] &ca And I 
have the honor to be 

Your most Obed' & Hum e Serv* 

James Phyn 
The Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Fort Stanwix 

414 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 
New York Sep', the 30 l K 1768 


Since the receipt of your last favor of the 28 th of July, I have 
received a Letter from the Secretary of the Society ; & now have 
the pleasure to inform you that they have agreed to purchase 
the late D r Barclay's House and Land in the Mohawks Country, 
"to be applied to such Uses as you shall recommend." No 
Order for drawing for the money accompany's the Letter, but 
as there are Monies here due to the Society, I do intend if they 
can be commanded to procure them, and pay M rs Barclay as 
soon as possible. I have desired M rs Barclay to Order the 
present Tenant to remove as soon as he can, as the place is for 
the future to be intirely under your Care, for the use of the 
Indians — I conclude if a missionary is not soon to be procured, 
that you will think it adviseable to fix a sedate good School 
Master on the Spot. He can make use of the House, till it's 
wanted for a missionary & then it would be no great expence 
to build him a small Tenement on part of the farm, & allot him 
a small Garden & a pasture for a Cow: however these things 
you Sir, will be the best Judge of. If a School Master should 
be im'ediately wanted, & you can'ot procure one, upon Notice, I 
will use my best endeavors to find One. 

It gives me great concern that a proper person can'ot yet be 
procured for your Town: except M r Murray of Reading who 
has leave I find to remove either to Johnson-hall, or Schenec- 
tady, should be tho't of. I have no knowledge of the Gentle- 
man, therefore can say nothing to it — The People of Schenec- 
tady by M r Brown have applied to me for advise I have told 
that Gentleman that they must first determine what to do con- 
cerning M r Murray (as he must be approved of before he settles 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 415 

among them) before any thing further can be done. If M r 
Murray should not be agreeable, the best thing they can do will 
be to fix upon a Young Gentle" of good Character, and send 
him Home for Orders; which, considering the sterling Salary, 
what the people will give — and the situation of the place, I 
conceive can easily be procured. Perhaps they might find one 
already in orders that would prefer their Country, to the Land 
of Opression & Oliverian Tyranny. When once they come to 
a resolution concerning M r Murray, I will serve them to the best 
of my power. I should greatly rejoice to see their Church in a 
flourishing condition. I have frequently mentioned their Charter 
to the Gov r ; he has promissed it, but as yet it is not done. I 
have now sent M r Brown to him, he will inform you of what 
passed between them. 

We have lost the good Arch-bishop of Canterbury, the best 
Friend the American Church had Your generous proposal of 
giving a valuable Tract of Land to the Church, I mentioned to 
his Grace & beged to be advised in what manner it was best to 
act in the Affair &c — His Death has prevented an Answer, 
which I still flatter myself will soon come from his Lordship of 
London, as the American papers I conclude will fall into his 

The Affair of an American Bishop moves very slow. It is 
however to be hoped that the Eyes of the Ministry will 'ere long 
be opened; and that they will think both sound policy, Justice, 
and Gratitude, oblige them to comply, with the repeated request 
of his Majesty's dutiful, and Loyal Subjects, the members of the 
Church of England in America; who now, in the Eastern Gov- 
ernments are in a state of Oppression and Danger, because they 
will not join in such measures as are destructive of all Govern- 
ment, and tend to open Rebellion. I say nothing of our Gov- 
ernment, because the Wretches here, who in their hearts are 
Republicans, can only bark but not bite. I hope the period is 
not far off when every one will receive their deserts. 

416 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I must beg your pardon for intruding so much upon your 
time — And shall only add, that you have my most sincere 
prayers for your health and happiness. 

I have the honor to be, Sir 
Your much Obliged 

& most Ob f hble servt 

Samuel Auchmuty. 
P. S. Your goodness will excuse the 

haste in which this is wrote. M r 
is now waiting for it. 

Sir William Johnson. 

indorsed: N York Septr 30 th . 1 768 
From D r Auchmuty 

Wrote him the begins 
of Sept r . & Ans d . this 
the 20th October. 


du Detroit ce 30 e septembre 1768 

jai l'honneur de vous asurer de mes respect par lauccation de 
monsieur st Claire toute parest asee tranquil, m r hay qui aloit 
vous voir est arrivee qui a relachez de niagara, il m avoit promis 
de sinterreser aupres de vous pour moi pendant mon appsence 
pour aler vous demender permission de monter au detroit mes 
canot(ier)s qui matendoit au fort levis menger pour cinquante 
jour de vivres et deserter il me mouiller cinque et un balot men 
perdire six et six Baril de marchanfdise] seche amon retourd a 
montreal je fus [obli] jai d'acheter des vivres d en gajer des 
[hommes et] dalers promtement au secour de mes efets [lis 
avoient] defaitte le Balot en plein champ et avoit pris ce quil 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 417 

avoit vouslu malhuereuxement pour moi tous mes angajai Etoit 
payez d'avance je me rendit a niagara ouje trouvee le Bonhomme 
a guaster hesche avec plusieur autre chef et guierrier je demende 
a m r le commandant sil vous loit me permettre de parlers au chef 
chez(lui?)il me dit quil aloit parlers a m r le commisaire il se 
promener lontemp, je mapersu Bien que sa leurs paresest sus- 
pects, cependant je dit a ces messieurs je ne suis que le porte vois 
de monsieur le chevallier de jonson ils y consentire il fire venir 
des Espece d interprets pour cent dout voir sije ne parlest pas 
contre le bien du service, qu'ante juparlee je dit a ces homme 
qui Ecouter antande vous Bien ce que jai dit il me repondire oui 
je leurs dit dit lee an anglois a ces messieurs il repondit Ton peut 
pas mieux parlers, je fut aublijai dere [peter] ceque javoit dit 
au sauvage les chef vou[lant] mareter me barere le chemin dis- 
sant qu [ils furent] maitre de moy pour me metre a cana[n 
souagon?] je leurs repondit quil navoit ja ma [is] [d?] 
autoritee surmoi quil ny avoit [que] le Chevalliers de jonson qui 
Etoit mestre de moy il fur jusquaux bout du portage pour 
mareter il me dire quil navoit rien pour ce couvrire quon ne leurs 
avoit rien donner a nigara je leur donne dix livres depoudre 
quatre couverte vint livres de balle quatre chemisse quatre paire 
de mitasse et vn minot de pois un petit baril d'Eaudevie il me 
parure bien content jarrivee au detroit le (15?) septtembre 
toute les afaire Etoit finis il y avoit des francois qui m avoit 
garde cent et quel[ques] paquet Ton leur dit que je ne viendroit 
jamois dans ce poste il prire party de vendre leur peltrie meme m r 
tournebot et mr hai il est vrais quil fut bien surprie quant 

Tous ces afaire la mon hach[ev]e deme ruiner je ne pa pu 
faire de retour cependans monsieur jai anvoyer a plusieurs il ny 
a cun nomee [J]ohn lees, qui est venu ici qui arrivoit de l'ondr 
que je doit il a cependant Eu vint paquet il y a du [ 
il est arrivee dans le temp que j avoit tous [ ] anvoit je 

Iui dit que je savoit, qu il Etoit [de L]ondre sil mus marquez 

418 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a qui ja [voit affaire?] je lui an auroit anvoyer comme aux autre 
il menace davoir une ordre de monsieur gage pour me faire 
mettre an prison a montreal il n'en seroit pas plus avance quante 
il aurat hachevee de me miner et ma famille je travaille pour 
payer ces messieur et ne sont til pas content francois ribot de 
1'ondre qui ma volee seize ceint louis sterlin cela ait prouvee par 
un memoir de son asociez quil a sermentee au gref a quebec il 
se nome jan jenisson vous voyez Monsieur comme je suis ecrasse 
le s rs . lees m ecris de niagara je me flatte encore que apres 
reflection fait sur la protection que le gouvernment [et] vous 
aye accorde, vous commencerez de travailler autrement et ne 
tarderez pas de rendre justice a un sujet du roy dangleterre je 
nantant pas ce que cela veut dire 

je vous suplis de vouloir bien macorder votre protection decrire 
a monsieur le general ga[ge] que cela metroit ma femme et mes 
anfants davoir un morecaux de pains et quil sero[it] [honjteux 
a mon aje de me voir trainer le Io[ng ?] [le] lac e servir de 
jouette a toute une population?] jesper monsieur que vous 
[vou]drez bien le faire par charritee pour ma famille et nous 
vous an auron une Eternelle au aubligation et ne cesserons de 
faire des veux pour votre conservation le jours que la barque 
partis m r lees ettoit anbarquez, sur les minuit il vint un homme 
hurtee a la porte la fille lui ouvrit il avoit une couverte an paquet 
comme un homme qui arrive de voyeage et me demendat 
la fille lui dit que je dormes il dit quil avoit, des lettre de Con- 
sequence a me remetre remete le moi il ne le voulu pas dissant 
quil ne pouves pas les remetre a d'autre la fille antras dans la 
chambre, nous reveilla je dit de mon lit memetee ces lettre a cette 
fille et vous reviendrez demain il persi[s]tas [dis]a[n]t que 
non quil ne les donneroit [qu'a] moi alors je sautee an place 
an [jur]ant, je pris mon Epee et ouvris [la] porte l'homme ce 
sauvat il y an avait un au dehors et la la voeiture au bors de 
l'Eaux a ce que ma dit un sauvage qui Etoit campee a cautee 
je ne pas ancorre receu ces pretendu lettre la barque cest 
amsablee a Cent d'osquez il ont tous sauvee, tous parest Estre 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 419 

tranquil, sil ny avoit pas d Eaudevie sela seroit ancorre 


jai 1 honneur destre avec un profond respect 


Votre tres humble 
et tres obeisant 


INDORSED : Le Detroit 30 th 7 br . 1 768 
from M r . Jean Coeur 


Detroit, September 30 th , 1768 

I have- the honor to assure you of my respect by favor of 
Mr St Clair. Everything appears quiet enough here. Mr 
Hay, who was going to see you, has arrived having stopped on 
his way from Niagara. He had promised me to interest himself 
in my behalf with you. During my absence, in the visit I made 
to you seeking permission to go to Detroit, my boatmen who 
were awaiting me at Fort Levis ate fifty days' provisions and 
deserted. They let fifty-one packs get wet and robbed me of 
six besides six barrels of dry goods. On my return to Montreal I 
was obliged to buy provisions, to engage men and to set out 
promptly for the recovery of my property. They had opened the 
pack[s] in the open field, and taken what they pleased. Un- 
fortunately for me, all my employees were paid in advance. 

I betook myself to Niagara, where I found the worthy Guas- 
terax(?) with several other chiefs and warriors. I asked the 
commandant if he would permit me to speak to the chief at his 
house. He told me that he was going to speak to the commis- 
sary. They walked together for a long time. I easily per- 
ceived that it seemed suspicious to them, However, I said to those 
gentlemen, "I am only the mouthpiece of Chevalier Johnson." 
They consented and sent for some sort of interpreters, without 
doubt in order to see that I said nothing contrary to the good 

420 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of the service. When I had spoken, I said to those men who 
were listening, "Did you understand perfectly what I said?" 
They replied, "Yes". I said to them, "Say it in English to 
these gentlemen." They replied one could not have spoken any 
better. I was obliged to repeat what I had said to the Indians. 
The chiefs, desirous of arresting me, barred the way, saying 
that they were my masters and could put me [ I replied 

to them that they never had any authority over me and that 
none but Chevalier Johnson was my master. They went to 
the end of the carry to stop me. They told me that they had 
nothing to cover themselves with, and that nothing had been 
given to them at Niagara. I gave them ten pounds of powder, 
four blankets, twenty pounds of ball, four shirts, four pair of 
mittens and a bushel of peas and a keg of brandy. They 
appeared to me well satisfied. 

I arrived at Detroit the (15th?) of September. All business 
was over. There were Frenchmen who had kept for me more 
than a hundred packs. They were told that I should never 
enter that post. They decided to sell their peltry, even Mr 
Turnbull and Mr. Hay. It is true, they were quite surprised 
when I arrived. 

All these circumstances there have completed my ruin. I 

have not been able to make a return. Still, sir, I have sent to 

several. There is but one named John Lees, who came here 

from London, whom I owe. He has however had twenty packs, 

two [months?] ago. He arrived, at the time when I had sent 

everything away. I told him that I knew that he was from 

London. If he had informed me with whom I was dealing, I 

would have sent to him as well as to the others. He threatens 

to obtain an order from Mr. Gage for putting me in prison at 

Montreal. He would not be any farther ahead when he had 

quite ruined me and my family. I am working to pay these 

gentlemen, and they are not satisfied. Francis Ribot from 

London, who stole from me sixteen hundred louis sterling — 

that is proved by a declaration of his partner, which he has 

sworn to at the register's office at Quebec — he calls himself 

John Jenison. You see, sir, how I am weighed down. Mr 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 421 

Lees writes me from Niagara. Still I flatter myself that after 
reflection on the protection which the government [and] you 
have granted, you will begin to work in a different way and will 
not hesitate to do justice to a subject of the king of England. I 
don't know what that means. 

I beg you to grant me your protection, to write to General 
Gage, that he may put my wife and children in the way to 
have a bit of bread, and that it would be shameful at my age 
to see me dragging out my life along the lakeside, to be the 
laughing stock to the entire rabble. I hope, sir, that you will 
do it in pity for my family, and we shall be under an everlasting 
obligation to you and shall pray unceasingly for your 

The day that the boat left and Mr Lees set out, at midnight, 
a man came and pounded on the door. The girl opened it. 
He had a blanket rolled up as a man would who had been 
traveling; and asked for me. The girl told him that I was 
asleep. He said that he had letters of importance to deliver 
to me. "Deliver them to me." He refused, saying that he could 
deliver them to no one else. The girl entered the room, waked 
us up. I said from my bed, "Deliver those letters to this girl, 
and you will return tomorrow." He persisted in saying no, 
that he would give them to me alone. Then I leaped out 
[swearing], seized my sword and opened the door. The man 
fled. There was another outside, and their boat on the water, 
as an Indian told me who was camping on the shore. I have 
not yet received those pretended letters. 

The barge ran on a sandbank at Sandusky. They saved 
everything. All appears quiet. If there were no brandy, it 
would be still better. 

I have the honor to be with profound respect, sir, 

Your very humble 
and very obedient 

INDORSED: Detroit, 30th 7ber, 1768 
from Mr Jean Coeur 

422 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Si • .L. O. 

Williamsburg 30 th Sepi*. 1768 

I thought it my duty to acquaint [you] by the earliest oppor- 
tunity of the Death of [ ] Nancy your grandchild 
who expired last [nig]ht ab*. a quarter after Midnight in as 
easy and [composed] a Manner as in our Trouble gave us 
some [satisfaction; her Mother bears the loss of her child 
[with] more Fortitude and Resignation than I expected 
] the little one would not be a Moment without her 
[ ] if she could help it & in a Manner drew her 
[last] breath in her Arms, w ch made me apprehend [ 
the loss of her child much harder than I 

We intend to interr the child by [ ] this noon as 

Doctor Constable thinks the [ be kept longer on 

Account of a Swelling [ ] of her Bowells thro the 

long [ ] under. 

[ ] as composed as at pre[ 

to join you by next Week. — Both M rs Claus 

and M rs Johnson join me [ ] Respect to You and 

Love to their Brother. 
I remain 

honored Sir 

Your Obedient [ ] 

Dan Claus 
P. S. Yours & Bro r Guys 
Letters of 5 Inst, came to 
hand last Tuesday. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 423 


Fort Stanwix 30 lh Sep r 1768 

My last was of the 2 which I [ 

you have received, on the 19th Inst I arrived at this place with 
Gov r . Frankland &ca since which Gov r . Penn &ca campe up, — 
by the Way I had the pleasure to receive an Express with a 
Letter informing me that the Shawanese & Delawares would be 
here and that some of them were actually arrived at Chenussio, — 
this has retarded the 6 Nations who w d . otherwise have come 
down without them, however I am in hopes that the Whole will 
be here in 5, or 6 days. The Mohocks and a large body of the 
Oneidas, with several from the Susquehanna, are already come, 
whose presence might be dispenced with till all are met as it 
occasions a great Consumption of provisions — about 80 of the 
Stockbridge Ind s . [ ] 3 days ago who have no busi- 

ness here, tho' I find [ invited by the 6 Nations, I 

shall get rid of [ as pos]sible. — 

] Way I had the pleasure of your Letter 
[ I sh]all Mention the Withdrawing [ ] 

Ontario in the best manner I can [ ] have already 

heard of it [ ] ained at A Garrison 

[ ] 

Of some proper [ ] 

It would not meet with [ ] 

may be occasion for it) and [ ] 

Consumed, or applyed to other [ 

By a Letter I have Just received [ 
I find that the Shawanese had stopped [ 
Chipeweighs who were going against the [ 
I likewise received some other Informations [ 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 A blank space in the manuscript. 

424 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Assurances daily given the Indians that [the French] 
will make War upon us very soon, a Copy of | 
I inclose you, I hope to be able to inform you [ 
Arrival of the Whole at this place within a few [ 
and remain with the most perfect Re[ 

Dear Sir 
In the body of the Letter 
I forgot to mention that I 
have reed some Intelligence from 
a Delaware I think I may credit 
the particulars of which I also inclose. 


Gen 1 . Gage 


A. L. S. 

New York the 30 Sepf 1768 
Dear Sir 

If it is a great while that I have not had the Honour to pay 
my respects to you I beg you will not attribute it to my Negli- 
gence, but to a number of Fatalitys, & to the Cruel & treacherous 
Treatement of my [ ] partners in the Iron works, which Pro- 
tested my Bills which I drew for their account, to the amount of 
£9150 Ster under a False & frivolous pretence, that I had 
not Send them an ace* of my Transactions which I can prove 
I did by every Packet. — however they now See the Unjustice 
which they have done me, & have payd part of the Bills, 
I have redrawn Those which returnd, with 20prO 
Damages for [ exchange, which they must pay. had 

my Conduct not been [such] that my Credit had been So well 
Establishd here, my Situation [ ] have been verry 

Melancholly for some time ; however [ ] ted So that every 

body has Shewn me more honour [& friend] ship then what I 
could Expect & Deservd. The ]bble which I have 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 Alb 

taken to promote trade & [ ] this Country has been re- 

warded by my Partners [ ] ingratitude & Dis- 

honour, they Send out [ ] by whom they Super- 

sede me, 1 who by his [ ] part what I had Erected, 

& that just at [ ] all the works to perfection & was 

] & the profits the works would render I have had 
this year 4 Furnaces in Blast, 3 of which [ ] and 12 

Forges, I have Kept however a Set of worcks und [ 
1 Furnace & 4 Forges, in order to Shew the difference between 
| & Capacity, these Worcks are Called Charlotten- 
burg, that | ] is Carried on by my Germains & makes 

every week 28 to 30 T[on of] Pigg Iron; When Two Fur- 
naces under the Direction of the Age[nt whom] the Company 
has Send, make only 28 to 29 Ton together for w[hich] they 
Use 7560 Bushels of Shar Coal every week more & 50400 11 
ore the People under my Direction at Charlotten- 

burg do, my [ ] will Soon Cry out Pater Peccavi and 

I hope to Convince] them by evident proves, that they have 
done me Unjustice, [ ] it is their duty to give me 

Satisfaction, they are due [ ] by Ballance of more 

ace 1 Curr*. £8535. & £2166 [ ] Private Ex- 

pences Since I am in America, & Severall ot[ ] 

the same Amount. & Still they Treat me 111 but [ 
& Justice will plead for me. — I propose [ ] 

Land On the Mohawk River for the Comiss rs [ 
rec d their answer that I can take my Determin[ 
not do any thing in haste which Should [ 

] but I do not doubt or I shall [ 
propose to leave this Country Next [ 
Snow I intend to do myself the [ 
to you Next Winter. To Morrow [ 

Pensilvania. Maryland [ 

] fairs Seem to be embroild much again & the S' 

of L,y begin and again. Some days ago Papers 

1 See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:890 and 8:35. 

426 Sir William Johnson Papers 

were Stuck up which [threat] hened to any Person Distruction 
who Should Let his Ship or [ ] Ships to transport Troops 

to Boston. The Major Tore them Down & the Governor & 
Councile issued a Proclamation offering £50 for the Discovery 
of the writer, & to the Discoverer his Majestys Pardon, Such 
times as the Present are Disagreable, the People At Boston are 
to Violent, More Moderation would perhaps have a Better 
effect, but our Genious is to Carry every thing by force, it is 
Just that the Americans Should defend their Prerogative but 
with more Circumspection, I have told many [ ] the Con- 

vention of importing no dry goods, would be regar[ded in] 
England as a Scar Crow, & have not the same effect [as] 
before Since they know to well in England, that America — 
[is not] Capable to Manufacture her owne Cloaths in Short 
[we make] ourselves redicolous to endeavour to inspire fear 

] none. I could wish that our Great Men 
[ ] had a true Comprehension of this Country 

] Prophetic Spirit to See by Visions in futurity 

] Lodges as well in Palaces as in Cotages 

] of what Importances this Country 

[ ] Sometimes alone in the Evening 

] reflections, & build Palaces 
and fine Gardens in deserts which are now Covered 
trees and inhabited by Bears Wolfes and other wild Animals 
other night I made a Computation, between the 
North [American] Trade with great Britain, & the South 
Ame r trade. ] Terra Firma 1 & Peru with Spain. 

I found that the first Surp[assed] the Last in real advantage to 
the Possessors, altho [y e ] Fleets from the Kingdom of Mexico 
& the Ships from ter[ra] firma & Peru import annually to the 
amount of 12 [to] 14 Millions of Dollars in Spain, which are 
unladen [at] the Port of Cadix. but the greatest part of this 
Treas[ure] Circulates over the whole Univers, which is not the 

1 See map, La carta universale della terra ferma etc. in Narrative and 
Critical History of America, 2:223 and p. 169. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 427 

Case [ ] between England & N oth : A a :, her Woolens 

& Linnens and [ ] a real Treasure She receves the 

value & Keeps it, ] Carry on the whole Trade 

betwixt South Am ca & [Spain ] & I may Say near a Thousand 
Vessels great & Sma[ll are] employ'd in the British trade with 
Am ca . wh[ ] of People do not Subsist by it, & what 

a | ] Sailours. This Letter is to Confind to ex[ 

& therefore will only add that N America is of [ impor] 

tance to Great Britain, then what our [ ] Can Compre- 

hend. I beg to Continue [ ] & Friendship & I am 

with great [ ] 

Dear Sir 
Your [ ] 

[ ] 

Sir W m Johnson B[aronet] 

INDORSED: M r . Hasenclevers Letter 
8K 1768 

A. L. S. 

Montreal 30 th . Sept'. 1768 

I am Sorry to be put to the disagreeable necessity of troubling 
you with this and the inclosed from M r . Joseph Sanguinet of 
this Place, he at present is disturbed by his Creditors who are 
not Sattisfied that his Bill Drawn by Major Rob 1 . Rogers on 
you is still in Safety for them. 

The said Bill has been assigned to me sometime agoe for the 
benifitt [of] the whole Creditors and if I am rightly inform'd 
amounts to full as much [as] he Owes, I spoke to Captain 
Claus when I saw him last at quebec and desired the Bill might 
returned with Such answer as your Honor could [give] thereto 
but I fear it Slipt his memory. 

I now beg you will be pleased to deliver it to M r Samuel 
Stringer [of] Albany with Such answer as you can give to the 

428 Sir William Johnson Papers 

same, he will [ ] here for the peace of the young man 

and Sattisfaction of [ ] as I aprehend some doubts arise 

in thier Breasts that [ ] have sold the Bills unknow 

to them In excusing [ ] will much oblige me who have 
the Honor to [ 

Your most Obedient and 
most Humble Servant 

Benj n . Price 

to guy carleton 

[Fort Stanwix, October /, 1768] 

Lieut Roberts Commissary of Ind n . Trade at Michilimacki- 
nac being ordered to Montreal as a prosecutor of Major Rogers, 
and having when last there been Arrested at the suit of one 
Morrison on accot of an Act done in the discharge of his duty 
which he tells me he Once had the honor to lay before you 
Which may yet be depending I Judged it necessary to give him 
a few Lines to you, Sir, to remind you of the Affair and of the 
promises which he informs me you were pleased to make him 

The Whole particulars of the Case he can more fully Explain, 
The Sum of it as he has laid it before me is That Morrison 
traded at Toronto contrary to the regulations, was at the request 
of all the Traders at Niagara Sent for by him, when he 
pleaded Ignorance of these regulations gave bond to him to 
observe them & was dismissed without Loss of Time or prop- 
erty, — notwithstanding which L* Roberts was Since arrested 
] for being the Means of Removing him [I have] 
only farther to Observe that the Kings proclamat" 
the Trade to all his Subjects Subjected restruct ns . 

That these restrictions were [ Trade when Lord 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 429 

Hillsboro' [ appr]oved by his Majesty, as [ 

] which I did in part [ 


under these circumstances [ 
Deserves undoubtedly to forfeit [ 
at a place where no post or Officer [ 
papers in L l Roberts's possess", will far[ 

Upon the Whole I make no doubt of your [ 
L l . Roberts that Countenance and Support, which 
the Circumstances & the Authority by which [ 
he will appear to deserve. — 

I am Waiting at this place, the [arrival] of the Indians with 
whom I am to Settle a boun[dary] Line between his Majestys 
Subjects & them, There [ [ here the Gov r . of N Jersey, 

& of Pennsylvania, [the] Commissioners from Virginia &ca 
&ca in order to give Ass[urance] on the part of their Govts 
of their Abiding by w*. [shall] be entered into, — about 400 
Indians are already [ ] and I expect above 1 000 more 

of the Upper Nations with the Shawfanese] & Delawares in 
3 or 4 Days after which the Con[gress] will be opened, when I 
hope to Settle these m[atters to] his Majestys satisfaction, and 
the publick [ ] I shall be always Glad to hear from 

[Your Excellency] being with perfect Esteem 



To Gov r . Carleton 
^ L« Roberts. 

A. L. 5. 

au Detroit ce l r octobre 1768 

jai l'honneur de vous represente que les anglois et francois vont 
aus commerce ou il leurs ploit il demende a m r . le commendans 

430 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ou a m r . hai des permission on Ieurs refusse il parte toujours et 
fond Bien leurs afaire il revien on ne leurs dit rien je an Eusse 
Bien foit au[ssi] mes comme jai toujours su obeire [je suis] 
restee constamen tous ces jensse [me re] tire mes credit cela 
me fait un tres tor [t] [considerable, il mes du gros a [Mon- 
tre?]al perssonne ne me paye [et ceux a] qui je doit me 
demende moi qui voudroit faire honne[ur] a mes dette, je suis 
bien ambaraass[e]. Monsieur, il ny a done que vous a qui Jore 
l'honneur une grace vous seul aurait mestre de me lacorder 

si vous jugiez apro[po]s de me permestre dalers au yverne- 
ment a sandosquez vous me metre an Etat dans pecher de criez 
apres et je maquitres prontement si Monsieur m accorde set per- 
mission, comme la saison est avancee, je priroit Monsieur de 
menv[oyer] la permission, par le premier courier p[our] que je 
peut y allez an traine jai 1 honneur destre avec un pro fond 

Votre tres hufmble et] 
tres obeifssant] 


indorsed: Le Detroit 1 st 8 br . 1768 

Mons r . Chabert Jean Coeurs 

Detroit, this 1st of October, 1768 

I have the honor to represent to you that the English and the 
French go trading wherever they please. They ask the com- 
mandant or Mr Hay for permission; it is refused, they proceed 
just the same and do a good business; they return, nothing is 
said to them. I would have done so too; but, as I have always 
known how to obey, I have constantly remained here. All 
those people withdraw their credit from me, which works me a 
considerable injury. I will wager much that at [Montreal ?] 
nobody will pay me, while those to whom I owe demand [pay- 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 431 

ment] from me. I, who would like to discharge my debts 
honorably, am much embarrassed. Sir, You are the only one, 
then, from whom I shall have the honor [to ask] a privilege 
you alone have power to grant me. 

If you judged it fitting to permit me to go and winter at 
Sandusky, you would save me from crying in vain for payment 
and I should promptly pay my debts. If you give me this 
permission, as the season is advanced, I would beg you to send 
the permission by the first messenger, so that I can go there at 

I have the honor to be with profound [respect,] sir, 

Your very hum[ble and] 

very obedient [servant] 


Fry day Evening Octob r 7 th 1768 

I am just now return'd to the Fort I should have come sooner 
but incidental things prevented — I Shall be ready 
Dei, to wait on your Excellency on the morrow at what [time] 
& place your Excellency shall please [ ] order my attend- 


Jacob W s . Johnson 
[ ] Johnson &c. 

] know by the 

A. L. S. 
[Schenectady, October 9, 1768] 

[Your] favour of the 2 d Ins*, have had the Pleasure of Re- 
ceiving ] Friday by Captain Jacobs who Arriv'd here 

432 Sir William Johnson Papers 

that day with his party — & yesterday they Set out for Albany, 
agreeable to your order have advanced them Sixty pounds 
much to their Satisfaction I applied for the three days Pro- 
visions but did not Reci. for above One day — being no more 
[in] this Town — I wrote to M r Van sant at Albany to ad- 
vance [the] Remainder — I mention those Circumstances that 
[in] Case you might fall short, of Provisions that you [wou]ld 
write in time to get them from Albany — 

I Extraimly happy to know that [the con]gress is like to be 
Settled so much to your Satisfaction [ ] be so advan- 

tagious to the Publick Good in [ ] assure you almost 

Every Body here was greatly [ ] Indians not Coming So 

Soon as was Expected [ ] that the Indians are much 

displeasd, [ ] turn out to the Ruin of this [ 

Trade, & the Settlement of [ ] all this [ ] 

this Place is just Arrivd [from Boston ] upward of two weeks — 
he ] being among the better Sort of People 

upon his first Coming to Town, [ ] 

high Strain, as if Boston Could frighten all [ ] but 

on the News being of the two Reg[iments] from Hailifax 
being down on the Bay a [ ] from the Town, 

those Great Heroes Soon Altered [ ] Speech & was as 

Mild as if thy had got a [ ] Even before the 

Troops had landed — 

Mrs Campbell begs [ ] Respectfull Compliments 

to you & Col n Johnson [ ] Dear Sir with 

Great Respect your 
Obedient humble [ 

Daniel [Campbell] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 433 


/i.. Lit O. 

New york Oct'. I0 lh 1768. 

Dear Sir, 

I have received your favor of /2 lh Sep 1 ., but there being noth- 
ing for me to Answer, I have not troubled you with any Letters 
at a Time when you must have had so much Business upon your 

This will probably Meet you on your Return home from 
the Congress, and the inclosed Extract of Letters from Cap 1 . 
Forbes 2 at the Ilinois, and Lieu 1 . Col°. Wilkins 3 in his way to 
Fort Chartres, will inform you of the occasion of my writing 
by this Post. 

From the Circumstance mentioned by Cap 1 . Forbes of the 
Indians carrying away some Loads of Peltry after they had 
Murthered the White People, I apprehend they are the same 
Murthers of which M r . Watts the Cherokee Interpreter 
sends advice: and adds, that the White People instead of hunt- 
ing Buffalo for the use of the Garrison of Fort Chartres, which 
he conceives they were only employed to do by Captain Forbes, 
have been killing Deer Bear and Beaver, on the Indians hunt- 
ing Grounds. Captain Forbes Design of Seizing the Indians 
when they come to make Excuses for these Murthers, does not 
seem to me the proper way to obtain Satisfaction, as it has an 
appearance of a Breach of public Faith. It Strikes me in that 
Light, but you will know best in what Sense the Indians look 
upon Such Methods to obtain Satisfaction. 

The Western Indians going to war against the Cherokees, 
seem to Spare neither White or Red People who fall in their 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Captain Gordon Forbes, of the 34th regiment. 

3 Lieutenant Colonel John Wilkins, of the 1 8th regiment, commander of 
Fort Chartres, 1 768-69. 

434 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Way, — and Some of the war Partys of the Cherokees have 
acted in the same way. And it is pretty plain, that the Naviga- 
tion of the Ohio is become very unsafe. The Indians of the 
Ouabache, Miamis, Pouteatamies, and some Tribes of the 
Chippewas, which last killed the Boat Crew last year, are those 
who are principaly concerned in committing Hostilities upon the 
Ohio. It is highly Necessary to take every Step that can con- 
tribute to put an End to them, and to obtain Satisfaction for 
What has passed. They make much Noise when any of their 
People are killed and it gives us a great deal of Trouble and 
creates large Expences to make them Satisfaction. We cannot 
let these Murthers pass unnoticed, and I should be glad you 
would be so good immediately to take Such Measures as appear 
to you the most efficacious, to bring these People to Reason. 
M r . Hay 1 will have informed you what he has done at the 
Detroit respecting the Murthers of last year on the Ohio, and 
the killing the Traders at S*. Joseph and the Miamis the last 

You will hear of the Commotions at Boston, they are a most 
turbulent seditious People. Two Regiments are landed there 
from Halifax, 2 and two more ordered from Ireland. I am 
obliged to go there to see into the State of Affairs, and propose 
Setting out from this Place after tomorrow. 

I am with great Regards, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 : 

INDORSED: N York October 10 th . 1768 

From Gen 1 . Gage 
with inclosures. — 

1 Jehu Hay, commissary at Detroit. 

2 The 1 4th, 29th and part of the 59th, nearly a thousand men. — Justin 
Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America, 6:45. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 435 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 403-4, is listed a letter of October 12th 
from Lord Hillsborough, Whitehall, considering the new Indian trade 
arrangement, requiring adherence to the Board of Trade's estimate of 
expenses, declaring that, if the expense of running the boundary line is to 
be £10,000, the colonies must provide for it, agreeing to the extension of 
the line northward of Owegy to include the province of New York, show- 
ing why the plan of 1 764 for trade regulation is impracticable and ap- 
proving that now proposed by the Board of Trade. (Printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 2:908-1 1 ; Q, 2:526-28 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 


[au Montreal October 12 e , 1768] 

[ ]son general 

Comme je doite aler chercher Largean du sr Cazeaux Et 
ademare je Lonnheur de vous Marquier Lasomme quilliats a 
Chaque personne Douze Cents Cinquant trois livre douze sol au 
sr Cazeaux Et neuf Cents soixent E quelque au sr ademare que 
jevous prie bien d avoire la bontez de [mettre] dan vos Compt 
pour nouyork arm que cette [some] vous soite parvenue Lorceque 
jorez Lonheur [de passer] chevous pour Ce sujay 
[J'ai] Lonnheur destre avec un profonrespecte 


[Votre] Humble E tres obeisen 

[serviteur] L PERTHUIS 


[Montreal October 12, 1768] 

[Sir William John] son, General 

As I am to collect the money owed to Mr Cazeau 1 and Mr 

1 By Colonel John Bradstreet for army stores taken at Oswego August 
27, 1763. 

436 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Ademare, I have the honor of indicating to you the sum due to 
each person. Twelve hundred fifty-three livres and 12 sols to 
Mr Cazeaux and nine hundred sixty and some odd [sols] to 
Mr Ademare, which I pray you to have the goodness to [put] 
in your accounts for New York in order that this [money] may 
be in your hands when I shall have the honor to stop at your 
house on this business. 

[I have the] honor to be with profound respect, 

Your humble and very obedient 

L. Perthuis 


Df. 1 

[Fort Stanwix, October 13, 1768] 

My last was of the 30 th ult°. since which [I have] been 
detained here waiting for the upper Nations Never- 

theless are still behind, occasioned by the death of a Seneca 
Chief, on which account they halted to perform the Ceremony 
of Condolance. — There are however at this time above 900 
Indians here which is unlucky tho' an Unavoideble Cir- 
cumstance, and occasions such a Consumption of Provisions 
that had I not bought up sev 1 head of cattle & a Quantity of 
Corn &c timelier we sho d have been distressed on that account, 
before the Whole could arrive which from w f . I can hear will 
be near 3000. The Nations present are the Mohocks, Oneidas, 
Tuscaroras, Delawares, Nanticokes, Conoys &ca. Those on 
their Way are the Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Shawanese 
&ca from Ohio, Col. Lewis one of the Virginia Commiss rs . 
[is] to attend the Meeting which is to be held on the 
[borders] of that Province, and Governor Penn [ 
tired of attending so long talks of going down [ 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 437 

Especially as the conduct of the [ ] render it 

necessary that the [ ] Government. I am how- 

ever well ] will be come in about the 


Many friends [ 

upon a Method for With [drawing the French traders 

from Amongst the Indians 1 [ 

provided he was Authorized by [ 

Command of a party of the Militia for that purpose [ 

deal with regard to the Detroit Militia wh[ 

think might be made usefull on that & many [other] Occasions 

if under the Command of one of [his Majesty's(?) 

Natural born Subjects, and I would take the [ 

recommending him to you for that Station, shou[ld you 

think it necessary. — One material advantage [of 

then under the Command of an Englishman & [ 

the Convincing the Indians that they were [bound to] Obey us, 

a Circumstance they now doubt very much and have been 

[taught that] another is, That there are some occasions in which 

[ are better calculated for our Service than other [ 
for instance they can be Successfully em [ployed in] bring- 
ing in their Own Renegadoes, which [ ] of diffi- 
culty to our people & perhaps could not be done [ 
with the Indians, who would not be [ 
French and altho Sev 1 . of the [ 
reluctance at first, within [ 
A man who has some person [ 
they would be reduced [ 
-selves on being [ 
I shall [ 



To General Gage. 

1 Lieutenant McDougal, according to the Johnson Calendar, proposed 
to employ the Detroit militia on this service. 

438 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 404, is listed a letter of October 1 3th from 
John Pownall, Whitehall, informing that Johnson's dispatch to the Earl 
of Hillsborough has been received and will be laid before the King at the 
first opportunity, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:91 1-12; Q, 2:52s. 1 ) 


A. L. S. 

[Montreal, October 14, 1768] 

] waited on You to shew You the Petition we have 
] the King and Council for a Grant of Mines 
] about Lake Superior — Altho' You accepted of one 
Share therein, the time was so very short You coud not 
Examine the Papers I was desired by the Committee to shew 
You and You referrd me to Captain Claus. Who You Appre- 
hended I should meet at Montreall for further Communication 
of the same, and of such other Proceedings therein as was 
thought necessary — I did not meet Captain Claus therefore 
send You a Copy of the Proceedings and the Meetings held 
at London, and the Resolutions together with the Names of all 
the Gentlemen concerned — In the Instructions I have received 
from the Committee, I am desired to make such Preparations 
for the Ensuing Year, in this Province, as to carry the Work 
into Execution without any Retardment. 

As I have such a Discretionary power invested in me I wou'd 
choose to take Every Step for the mutual Good of the Concern 
— and as it was thought a Reference 2 may possibly be sent You 

1 The draft of this letter, which is a circular form, in the Public Record 
Office, shows that the same acknowledgment of dispatches and explanation 
of delay in answering were sent to General Gage and Governors Moore, 
Franklin and Penn. 

2 See Earl of Hillsborough to Johnson, Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 
8:91-92, and Johnson to Earl of Hillsborough, idem, 140-42. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 439 

before the Grant woud be acquired, if such a Reference has 
been sent, or should come, beg You woud be as Expeditious 
as possible in making Your Report thereto, and advising me 
thereof at Montreall; that I may have every thing in readiness 
to set off upon the first breaking up of the Ice — so that may 
avail Ourselves of the next Year 

I think it necessary at the same time to assure You [ 

| when I went into Lake Superiour to make those 

the Indians were extreamly well Satisfy'd, and 

] amongst them for that purpose, and 

ready and willing to assist me in 

to give me a perfect Know [ledge of] 

] That [ ] 


by the first Parties from England to hear 

] and although we were apprehensive that a 

reference] woud be sent to You; We had great Expectations of 

| our Grant Confirmed without that Reference — 

As soon as I receive any Letter from the Committee I shall 

communicate to You their Proceedings — 

I beg You woud by the first Opportunity let me know Your 
Opinion upon the whole, and as some of the Gentlemen con- 
cern'd have the Honour of Your Acquaintance, I am well 
assured They or the Committee woud be glad to hear from You, 
if You think of writing to the Committee please to send it 
directed for them under Cover to some other Person who will 
be carefull in the delivery of it — I shall be glad to hear from 
You Every Opportunity, and if You can point out any Methods 
that You think will be for the mutual Advantage of the Concern 
I beg You woud write them to Me — 
I have the Honour to be 


Your most Obed 1 hble Serv 1 

Henry Bostwick 

440 Sir William Johnson Papers 



[Account current of Oliver Delancey, James Jauncey, Goldb. 
Banyer and Peter Remsen with Miss 1 Grace Cosby] 

[New York, October 15, 1768] 

[ bou]ght of Miss Grace Cosby'] 

[ att]orney to Sir William Johnson for r £oUUU 

[ ] Land more Bought of Ditto 500 


[balajnce Over paid Miss Grace Cosby 

by [Olijver Delancy, James Jauncey, } 150. 8. 9Yi 

Gol w . Banyer Peter Remsen 


£7650. 8. 9 [>/ 2 

Aug. 1 By Cash paid Miss Cosby [ 

By Cash paid to the Indians [ 

Agreement with Sir [William Johnson] 
By a Defeciency in the 21000 Acres of [ 

3000 Acres a 5/8]/ 2 Curr?. $ [ 
By Cash paid for the Quit Rents due on 1 80 [00 acres 
of Land from 1 st . Janux. 1 734 till 1 st [Aug. 1 762 
Being 28 Years & 7 Months a 29/2 
By Cash paid for the Quit Rents due on 2000 Acres 
of Land from 1 st Augu s . 1 735 till 1 st Aug'. 1 762 
Being 27 Years @ 29/2 
Aug 1 . 1 By Cash paid for a Mortgage 

due to Sir Peter Warren \ £662 . 3 


The Honorable Mrs Cosby. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 441 

Interest on the Above Mortgage 
for 1 1 Years & 3 months 
5 $ O. 

372. 9. 

Advanced a 80 %1 Cent 827 . 1 [ ] 

Aug'. 1 Ballance Over paid Miss Grace Cosby [ 

Mess Oliver Delancy, James [Jauncey] 
Gold b . Banyer & Peter [Remsen ] 

Interest due from Au[gust 1, 1762] 

is 6 Years 2 [months ] 

[ ] 

A. L. S. 

Albany, Oct: 15 lh : 1768. 

These waits on you with my sincere regard | | serve 

to Inform you that I this Day Rec d : the Enclosed Letters 

[under] Cover from my son Jacob, at Montreal; who informs 

me that [they] purport to beg the favour of you to return a Bill 

which Major Rogers drew on your Hon 1- , for £1070 10s. N 

York Curr c y: Dated at Michel c : 9 th : July 1767. Payable to 

Mons r . Sanguinett. and that if you return it "that I will have it 

Protested & sent to him ^ first Conveyance; which he says 

he does for a friend in Quebec." As there is nothing that I can 

gather from his letter to my satisfaction I forthwith forward 

them to you, with this Assurance, that if I can be of any service 

to you either in this, or any other matter none can be more 

willing than tt j o- 

& Hon d : Sir 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

David Van Der Heyden 

INDORSED: David Van Derheydens Letter 

8 b ' 1 5* 1 768 — 

442 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 404, is listed, under Lebanon, October 
1 6, a memorial of Eleazer Wheelock of Lebanon in Connecticut, founder 
and director of the Indian Charity School, to Sir William Johnson and 
Governors Sir Henry Moore, Benjamin (should be William) Franklin 
and John Penn, convened at Fort Stanwix: stating the object and founda- 
tion of the school, his desire to extend the work among the Onondages and 
Tuscaroras, and introducing the Rev. Ebenezer Cleveland and Allen 
Mather, who will represent this cause at the congress, (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 4:388-89; Q, 4:244-45.) 


A. L. S. 

[Schenectady, October 17 f 1768] 
10 o Clock in the morning 

[ ] 

] I had the pleasure of Receiving yours of the 14th 

] Agreeable to which Shall puncitually Observe your 

[direct] ions as I have not the whole of what you ordered I am 

Immediately going to Albany — to purchase Such Articles as 

will Compleat the order 

by the Express I now Send 10 yeards of Scarlet Shallom 
(no Bunting to be had) M r Clench has not any of the madera 
wine, you write for to Spare [He] has only a few gallons, at 
present, for the Use of the [ ] I have Some of my 

own that is midleing Good | ] I will Send — I shall 

do my Self the pleasure [of writing] more fully by the Battoes 
as I shall not [ longer (?) detain the] Express — I am in the 
mean time Dear 

Sir with Great Respect 

Your most Hble & 
Humble Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
indorsed : [ ] 

8 br 1 7*. 1 768 

Fost-War Period, 1763-1774 443 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 404, is listed a letter, dated Fort Stanwix, 
October 1 7, from Jacob W's Johnson and David Avery, missionaries, 
asking that the Indians may be secured in their lands for the better propa- 
gating of the Gosepl among them, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:390- 
91; Q, 4:245-46.) 


[Schenectady, October 18, 1768] 

i ] 

] Henry Pecke & John Post I Send you Two 
Battoes [ ] p r the Inclosed Invoice Amounting to 

£573.18.6 one [ ] Gallons is in two handed One, 

I have not Charged the [men's] Wages being Something at a 
loss to know whether it might not be paid as all the Other men 
are — if So you'd [be] pleased to let M r Adams give a 

I was verry Happy in having [Some] good English Cheese 
by me which I had for my own, [ ] & a Barrell Limes, 

& as I had them not to dispose of [hav]ing Still plenty for the 
use of the House) I must Request [the] favour of your Ac- 
cepting them — there is only two Cheep [ ] Limes 
— if I had, had, them for Sale I Should have Charged [ in] 
the Account. 

I was not Able to Compleat the 500 [ ] 

this Place & Albany Could not now make [ 
you have got all that was in [ ] among those, 

28 verry large fine [ ] Sorry I Could 

not get Some [ Ma]deria Wine to be as Good 

] Used of the Same 

t ] 

of News here worth mention [ ] 

Through this Town Yesterday by [ 

I believe the happies man in the [ ] 

444 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tired with the Noise, of Indians at For stan [wix 
all here greatly affraid, that this long Congress [ 
means to Impair your health much, as the fatigue [ 
Certain must be more than Can weli be Immagind [ 
Sincerly that it may not do you any harm 

M rs Campbell has not [ ] 

got the Young Son — or Daughter — but Expecting to | ] 

to pieces Everry day — You are in fair v/ay of [ ] 

the pipe of Wine — She begs to join in com[pliments] to You 
and am 

Dear Sir with [ 
Your most [ 

[ 1 

Dan[iel Campbell] 
P. S. I beg my most respectfull 

Compliments to Governor Franklin 
& all Friends in General 

A. L. S. 

Onidea vilidge Tuesday 

Evening Yi past five [October 18, 1768] 

About an hour Ago I gott hear and to My Surprise found 
None of the Great pople had Arrived the Cheeffs of this plase 
Inform d . Me that they Expected them or the Most part hear 

I then Deliverd your Mesidge to the Cheefs hear & Made 
them Dispatch a Mesinger on horse back with itt to meet the 
Great Body who is to Ride all Night Which I flater Myself 
he will Do, as I have promisd to pay him 

I have Infern d . them that the Cheeffs from Onidea was to be 
att Fort Stanwix Tomorrow by 12 A Clock and that there was 
No Stop to be Made [at] this place Nor Condoling Till the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 445 

[ ] Come Together when you wold [ ] that 

Ceromony, & have Desierd [ ] this Castle to be Ready 

[ ] with the others as Soon as [ ] Will 

Stay hear Till they [ ] this & if I [ ] 

[ ] 

ADDRESSED: On his Majestys Service 

To the Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Barr 1 . 

Fort Stanwix 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 405, is listed a letter of October 19th 
from Jno. Brown Schonactady, mentioning his pleasure and that of the 
vestry at a letter received from Johnson, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:387; Q, 4:244.) 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 405, is listed a letter of October 20th 
from Rev. Jacob W's Johnson at Fort Stanwix to Sir William Johnson, 
Governor Franklin, and Rev. Mr Peters, Chief Justice Smyth, Colonel 
Johnson and others, explaining his toast of the day before to the King, 
declaring his loyalty and also his purpose to resist tyranny, (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:392-93; Q, 4:246-47.) 


[Albany Ocf. 20, 1768] 

M r . Glen sent me Your letter desiring Sixty Barrells of Pro- 
visions to be sent You to Fort Stanwix, — there was but forty 
Eight in Store, which I order'd to be forwarded as soon as 
possible; and least you might have Occasion for more directed 
the Commissary to send for more immediately, which he says he 
did; should it arrive I shall immediately forward it to You: I 

446 Sir William Johnson Papers 

am extremely sorry you are so much distress'd upon this 

I am 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

Jn° Bradstreet 

from daniel campbell 

A. L. S. 

Albany the 21 st October 1768— 
I ] Sir 

Your favour of the 1 7 th Ins f : have Just Came to hand by my 
young man — I was four miles below this Place, on Board of 
a Sloop going for New York — I have detaind the Sloop untill 
I Return 

In my letter of the 10 th . I informed You [that] I was not 
Able to Compleat the first order for the Quantity of Blankets — 
I have got a few & two pairs of Christian Blankets, which I hope 
may Answer — Since the [ ] Could not be had — 

among the Strouds Sent up there [ pair] Black & 4 Red which 
will make an Assortment I also Send you 1 000 Dollars. I have 
] young Man strict orders to get Some Good honest 
[ ] the Charge of this money & goods & at the 

[ ] to give him positive directions to loose 

[ ] I hope to be back from [ 

I be favoured with any your Commands before my Return I 
[ ] person who manages my Business in my 


The Invoice of the Goods [ ] go by the Battos. — 

I am Dear Sir with the [ 

Respect your most Obed [ 

Humble Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 447 


The Honourable Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Fort Stanwix 


[Schonectady, October 21 , 1768] 

i ] 

] Received your favor a yesterday [ 
I immideatly sent express to Co 1 . Bradstreet I am Sorry there 
is no more provisions at Albany as I would have [ 
it up with the Otmost Dispatch [ ] am much Oblige to you 

for have letting Co 1 Butler Buy the Land for us. & that [you] 
have Spoke to the Indians about [ ] I would have 

Beg'd the favor of you [ ] agree with the Indians for 

me. But Certain you have To much Business 

] with Such a Number of Indians. 

I am Your Most Obed 1 

and Most Humble Servant 

Jno Glen 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 405, is listed a letter of October 22d from 
Rev. W's Johnson, at Fort Stanwix, expressing apprehension of injury 
from the Senecas. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:393; Q, 4:247.) 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 405, is listed a letter of October 23d, 
written at Fort Stanwix, to the Earl of Hillsborough, mentioning obstacles 
to the boundary settlement interposed by the French and Spaniards, the 
delayed attendance of Shawanese, Delawares and Senecas, the great con- 
sumption of food, Indian dissatisfaction, work of French and Spanish agents 
and their scheme for a Misisipi congress, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:912-15; Q, 2:528-30 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:104-6.) 

448 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

[New York, October 23, 1768] 

[ ] Johnson Hall the 7 th Ult°. which did not [come] 

to hand till the 1 7 th : when it was in vain [to exjpect to see you, 
as you must then be set [out] for the Congress. 

you can hardly conceive how extreamly mortifying it was to 
me to receive so very polite an Invitation at a time too late to 
accept it, This, Sir, is but one of many such pranks, Madam 
Fortune has play'd me; by robbing me of happiness intended 
me by my better Genius, Tho' this I belive will satisfy her, as 
she cou'd not injure me more than, by detaining y r : letter, de- 
prive me of the Honour you design'd me & perhaps of being 
encircled in the Ivory arms of some Lovely Princess of the 
Woods." whose ample [for] tune and lively agreeable con- 
versation [woud] Crown the rest of my days. ] the 
greatest happiness I expect [ ] that of continuing in 
possession [ ] esteem; which I shall ever 
[ ] have the honour to [ ] great 

[ ] 

A. L. 5. 

[Stoneraby, October 24, 1768] 

]ve bin acusd of Takeing and Stealing of Wheat 
out of my Mill by William markell he hath bin three times to 
Justice klock to make his Complant and Justice klock — Sent 
me Word to com to him Wich I went to his house Amedeately 
and he told me that the Said Markell had made his Complant 
against me that he had fell Several Pounds of flower to Short in 
a Sack of of Wheat that Was Ground att my mill but he Said 
that the Said markell att Every Deferent time had told a 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 449 

Deferent Story and that he had a old Grudg aganst me he 
[sen]t him of Without any Sadisfaction and [still] he Makes 
itt his business to brake my [ ] and Corrocter as much as 

he Can Sir [Yo]ur Excelence Will Receve this [ ] my 

Complant hopeing to Git [ 

Your hum e : Sar vt . 
[John] Wolf Barelett 


Sr: William Johnson 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:111-34, are printed the pro- 
ceedings of Johnson with the Six Nations and dependent tribes at Fort 
Stanwix from October 24th to November 6th. Pages 135-37 have the 
deed, signed by six chiefs and representatives of New Jersey, Virginia 
and Pennsylvania, Johnson attesting, which fixed a boundary between the 
northern colonies and the Indians. It is accompanied by Guy Johnson's 

A. L. S. 

[Albany, October 25, 1768] 

[There] is about Seventy Barrells of Provisions arriv'd from 
New York, which will be forwarded to you as soon as pos- 
sible ; it will be but a small help and I am really sorry for it : I 
do not hear of any more coming ; but if any Should come in time 
You may depend on its being sent You without loss of time. 
I am 

Your Most Obedient 
humble Servant 

Jn° Bradstreet 
indorsed: 1768 

[Brad] streets letter 

450 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 405, is listed a letter of October 30th 
from Jacob W's Johnson, at Fort Stanwix, to Sir William Johnson, 
Governor Franklin, Colonel Grahoon (Geo. Croghan?) and Colonel 
Butler, asking that the Indians, specially the Onoida's may be preserved 
in the possession of their lands, in order that they may be reached by 
missionaries and teachers, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:394; Q, 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 406, are listed two letters, the first of 
October 3 1 st, the second undated, written by Rev. Jacob W's Johnson 
at Fort Stanwix. The first is to the chiefs of the Six Confederate Nations, 
announcing that the Rev. Dr Eleazer Wheelock, of Lebanon, is about to 
set up a college for the Indians, under the patronage of the King, the Earl 
of Dartmouth and others and proposing that the Indians furnish a site 
on or near the Mohawk (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:395; Q, 4:248- 
49) . The second to Johnson, asking that the Indians be informed that 
illness keeps him away from the congress, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y . 
4:391-92; Q, 4:246.) 


Boston, 3 d Nov. J 768 

[Your] Lordship has transmitted me a Petition of Henry 
Bostwick and others to the King for a Grant of some Copper 
mines near Lake Superior, together with a Representation from 
the Lords of Trade to His Majesty on the said Petition — 

There is no doubt that there are Copper Mines in the Country 
round Lake Superior, and in some parts large Bedds of rich 
Copper Ore, very near the Surface which may be dug with 
great Ease. It is Supposed that these Bedds of Copper would 
be soon Exhausted, & Notwithstanding they lye so near the 
Surface, it is apprehended unless the Ore is also strongly Im- 


of the FKONTiERy of the 

Northern Colonies! 

wUk the Boi/yi>-ARY LnVI tstibhsied. 
Be for en them and Ike Indians it the Tredty 
held by SWiUfoknSjn &t FtShxwtx 'hMv r - 

176 <? ■ 

Corrected dndJjnpnyed fati FySHS Mdp } 

-£y (juyJjAnjonUep.J.gfofJ^Jfa) 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 451 

pregnated with particles of Gold, it would not answer the Ex- 
pence to work them. In the time of the French one La Ronde 
had a grant of Mines near Lake Superior, which ruined him in a 
Short time. And when I was at Montreal an English Mer- 
chant gave me a lump of Copper Ore brought from one of the 
Bedds near Lake Superior, desiring I would grant him permis- 
sion to dig as much as he could of it, and bring it down, The 
merchant was desired to make a Calculation of all the [ex- 
penses] that must Attend the Undertaking, and to See 
[ ] would answer even on a Supposition that 

] he should dig nothing but pure [copper 
] He returned in a few 

[ ] 

INDORSED: [ ] Gage to L Hillsborough 

Boston 3 d Nov. 1 768 

A. L. S. 

New York Novem* 8: 1768 

I take the pleasure of writing these few lines which I hope you 
are safe arrived before this time from a tedious and troublesome 
journey which I hope you have got no cold by it I received a 
Letter from M r Wetherhead a few days ago wherein he desires 
me to send the wench and two children which you spoke for 
some time ago and accordingly i have sent her and she bears 
a very extraordinary character which I hope she will turn out a 
good servant to so worthy a Master I have sent you a half 
dozen of Bottles of Virgin honey which I hope you will accept 
of small as it is and a Barrell of Oysters When M r Wether- 
head went from home he said he would not stay above three 

452 Sir William Johnson Papers 

weeks But Sir I think it has been a long three weeks but I hope 
it will be now pretty near at an end 

I am Sir your most 
Obedient and humble Servant 

Rachel Wetherhead 
[Sir] W m Johnson 

INDORSED: New York [ ] 

M rs Wetherhead [ ] 

w th . a Wench & 2 [children] 
rec d . 20*. Nov [1768] 
Ans rd . y e . 9 th . Decb r . 


N London Nov 9* 1768 

By M r Chews letters I have the pleasure of knowing that 
You are in better health than when here which I hope will still 
continue to amend: and perhaps another Tour to N London in 
the most proper season for Sea bathing would contribute to con- 
firm and compleat. 

By the insinuations in publick prints and private letters there 
appears a probability of Your Friend G Murrays coming into 
N England with a principal command Civil and Military 

The Regiments from Ireland are said to be arrived in Boston 
— where all seems Quiet awaiting the Kings pleasure or the 
determination of parliament concerning their future civil estab- 
lishment about which since the Dissolution of their [Great] 
General Court a variety of Opinions] are now current which 
tidings [from] White Hall will sooner or [later ] with more 
certainty than all [our speculation (?)] on that subject. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 453 

Yesterday [ ] with Her Son Joseph 

[ ] well in Town and was told the [ ] 

was very well at home — 

M r Stewart the Col [lector] Capt n Oliver and a few others 
[here] wish You health and every felicity as doth 

Your most Obedient 

and most Humble Servant 

Thomas Moffatt. 

In commemoration of the popish plot I had some windows 
broke but cannot ascribe it to the [ ]or Cause of Liberty 

as it is gene [rally] resented and prosecution will [be ] against 
the Assailants by the [ 

INDORSED: Novb r . [ 

Doctor Moffatt 
rec d . 23 d . 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall NoV. 1 3 l \ 1768 

Since the receipt of your Letters of the 1 th . ult° My time has 
been so totally engrossed with the Indians & the Affairs of the 
Treaty that I had Scarcely a Moment To myself, and indeed 
from the many difncultys, delays, and obstructions I could not 
take upon me to Write with absolute Certainty concerning the 
Issue of my proceedings, 

The Indians had several belts of a very dangerous Tendency 
amongst them, The distance of time since the first proposal of 
the boundary, and the Artifices practised upon them since, with a 
Variety of other concurring circumstances had made the bound- 
ary to appear in a very [different] Light to the Indians than 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

454 Sir William Johnson Papers 

before, & consequently rendered [it a work] of much diffi- 
culty, — The Upper Nations were [ ] the way, 
performed several Condolances and [ Meetings 
together This retarded the [ and greatly increjased the ex- 
pence, particularly in the [ ] above 1000 of them were 
Assembled for [ ]in who together made abt 
3100, so that I was necessitated to buy up all the [cattle I 
could] procure for them also Corn pease flour &ca 

As I only returned here Yesterday [ ] it is but 

in my power to inform you that notwithstanding the many diffi- 
culties and delays I had to Struggle with The Line is at length 
settled beyond my expectations, & more favorably than was pro- 
posed by the Crown, They [have] executed a Deed of Cession 
to his Majesty, and I have reason to think are returned home in 
a much better disposition than they came out with — The par- 
ticulars I am necessitated to deferr for the present, but I shall 
as soon as possible lay them before you, together [with] the 
Material part of my Transactions, and [shall] be very happy 
to find that they meet with your [ ] 

I now enclose As many of y e [accounts for y e ] half Year, 
as are come to my hands, for y e [ ] I will be glad 

to have y r . Warrant, & I shall [ ] Post the Ace 1 , 

of Expences w h . attended the [Congress] 


To General Gage 

Extract l 

Boston Nov. I3 l K 1768. 

Sir William Johnson has found it necessary to continue his 
Interpreters & Smiths some time longer. When he shall dis- 

1 In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 118, 
London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 455 

charge them, it will be very proper that one of each be retained 
at Niagara and some trifling Presents admitted of from the 
Officer Commanding to the Savages, of which more will be said 
at a proper time. 


Gen 1 Gage dated 13 Nov r . 



rec d 20 th & Ans d 23 d Janry 


Relative to Vessels burnt, that proper Precaution 

has not been taken, by having a Guard, and that 

triffling presents from the Commanding Officer to 

the Savages will be admitted off. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York November 14 l! \ 1768 — 
Worthy Sir 

Your two last favors of the 24 th Sep r & the 20' h Octo r came 
safe to my hand. I am extremely glad to find that the Society's 
letter was agreeable to you. I am very sure that that vener- 
able & good Body, will do everything that may be recommended 
by you for the benefit of the Indians your way; and I am very 
solicitous that some worthy Clergymen may be sent among them, 
before their 2 Religious principles are debauched by the 

stupid Bigots that Wheelock is continually turning too go among 
them. The great and cruel Difficulty the Church of England 
labors under, in regard to Ordination, is a terrible Impediment 
to the progress and increase of the Church. This the Dissenters 
well know, and therefore exert all their Interest to prevent 
com'on Justice being done to the Established Religion of the 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 A word blotted in the manuscript. 

456 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Realm — Policy one would imagine, were there no other 
Motives, would induce his Majestys Ministers to consent to an 
American Episcopate; but it seems they are either ignorant of 
good policy, or are determined not to indulge his Maj>' s best 
Subjects in their Just & legal requests. History can'ot parallel 
a greater or more cruel hardship. Excuse this digression, which 
flows from a heart deeply sensible of the danger the Church is 
exposed to, from the cruel treatment it receives from those, whose 
duty it is to patronize and protect it — The Salaries the Society 
offer for missionaries I think too small, considering the Services 
they will have to perform: however, I make no doubt but, that 
they may be augmented, if proper persons could be found. 
Since the receipt of your Letters, I have seen m r Seabury, & D r 
Cooper and myself have prevailed upon him to pay you a visit 
this fall, provided he can in any manner leave his Family. He 
undoubtedly is the fitest Man I know to begin a mission having 
sufficient Abilities, Constitution, Zeal and firmness for such an 
undertaking Should he be induced to settle with you, or at 
Schenectady, I make no doubt but that his example would be 
followed by Others soon. I can'ot yet think that Murray will 
do for Schenectady — perhaps I may be wrong. I wish their 
could be a popular preacher found for that place. 

In my last, I mentioned to you my Determination to pay M rs 
Barclay the £500 as soon as the money can be called in. I 
have since stired in the Affair, and I hope long before the Spring 
to have the Deeds in my possession. I am glad you approve of 
my plan for having a School Master fixed on part of the farm 
& wish that we had one now ready. The person I mentioned to 
you formerly is, I believe setled for the present at the High 
Lands — I have some Memorandum concerning him which I 
will endeavor to find, & will write to him. In the interim shall 
be looking out for another, as several will be wanted. I wish 
the Society had also mentioned what Salary they were willing 
to allow to a School Master; however their silence on this head 
ought not to retard the settling one or more as soon as possible. 

Post-V/ar Period, 1763-1774 457 

I am very confident that they will give whatever you may think 
a quantum meruit. 

In one of your Letters you are kind enough to mention that 
poor unhappy man Browne. I hardly know what to say on the 
Subject. That he has been very imprudent is beyond doubt; 
and that he owns his failings, & is very solemn in his protestations 
of amendment is also certain; but how or in what manner to 
recommend him is a difficulty that neither D r Cooper nor myself, 
(his only Friends among the Clergy) can well tell. We Com- 
miserate the Man, pity his Family, and if we can serve him con- 
sistent with our Characters we will do it. If therefore some 
general Character of his late decent behavior, & your hopes of 
his being useful for the future, should appear under your hand, 
we will also give him a letter that may be of some little service 
to him. The poor man is now starving ; if he only could procure 
a Curacy in Virginia it would be bread for him — Upon the 
whole a few lines from you in his favor will I hope be well 
bestowed, & they shall be backed by D r Cooper & myself. The 
man has Abilities & may yet turn out a useful man. He has bit 
sufficiently upon the Bridle which it's to be hoped will reclaim 
Him. I am extremely obliged to you for the account you have 
given me of one of Wheelocks Cubs — Surely such Wretches 
ought not to be suffered to go among the Indians. Such inde- 
pendent fire-brands are wicked eno' to kindle a Civil War. With 
your permission the acc f shall be transmitted to the Society — 
They will then see the absolute Necessity of sending Mission- 
aries &c, if they have not already, among the Indians — They 
will then see in what ma'ner the good people have been gulled 
out of their money to serve a dirty biggotted 1 Enemies 

both to Church and State. I have mentioned the Affair to 
numbers of Gentle", concealing your Name, who are amazed at 
the Impudence & Ignorance of the Fellow, & are of opinion 
that the Gov r ought to be informed of it, which I can'ot take 
upon myself to do, without your leave. 

x Word blotted. 

458 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Thus Sir, I have hastily answered the Substance of your two 
last Letters; and most heartily wish that something more 
material than writing was done. I have great expectation that 
M r Seabury will be able, after conversing with you, effectually 
to serve the glorious Cause, you have so much at heart. Be 
assured that it is constantly uppermost in my mind, and that no 
pains nor trouble on my part shall be wanting to bring the pro- 
posed Scheme to perfection. I hope you have had a happy 
Meeting with the Indians, and have agreeable setled ail matters 
with them. — 

With most sincere respects & prayers for your Health ; I have 
the honor to be; Worthy Sir, — 

Y r much obliged Obed 1 Serv' 

Sam l Auchmuty. 
INDORSED: from D r . Auchmuty Nov. 14, 1768. 



[Johnson Hall, November 14, 1768] 

I wrote you in September last before I set out for Fort 
stanwix requesting you would send me a Parcel of Dollars for 
to pay the Indians with, a long with the goods for the Cession 
of Land they were to make to the Crown, and as M r Adams 
had Received but about £8000 Cur c y out of the £10,000 sterl- 
ing which I then wrote the General would be about the sum L 
should want for that purchaise, I had reason to Expect you 
would answer my Demand, but I never had even a Line from 
you on the Subject, which distressed me greatly and Obliged 
me to set every Engine to work on my own Credit to get between 
four and five thousand pounds in Dollars, nay I was obliged to 
Borrow 3000 Dollars from the mohawks money which M r 
Remsen then paid them for Kayadarosseras — By M 1 Adams 
I now send my last half years Acco ts . the amount of which [I] 
would have paid to M r Adems as soon as [the] General grants 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 459 

his Warrant for the same [ ] that you will be 

in Cash to answer [ ] of the other Acco f . against I 

] which will be in about a week or [ 
that of the Late Treaty [ ] I am sorry to say it 

[ ] 

I am [ ] 

Your most [ 

Humble s[ervant] 
INDORSED: Letter [ ] 

^ M\ Ad [ems] 


A. D. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Novb r . 15 th . 1768 

] Certify that Johannis Petry 
[ ] y e . carrying place 

[ ]own, 1 66 loads at 3 ^ 

[ ]y 55 load at 3 $ 

[ ] Petry 52 loads at 3 $ 

[ ] Petry 30 loads at 3 $ 


18 - 


5 - 


16 - 
10 - 

]one riding, was carrying 
pre] sent for the Ind s . the Boats, 
carriage, &ca. to & from Fort Stanwix 
ly] my Orders — 

£45 9 - 

INDORSED: July 18 th . 1770 
B t the within [ 
My Hand 

£45.. 9..- 

W. Johnson 

1 Document in handwriting of Guy Johnson; the signature Sir William's. 

460 Sir William Johnson Pa^ 

from ::-:: earl »f :-:: lis borough 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 406. is listed a letter c: November 15th 
from the Earl of Hillsborough, at Whitehall, regarding the mi::;-.:?:; 
wrought among the Indians by French subjects, an inclosed copy of his 
Majesty's speech at the opening of Parliament, ^%-ith the addresses of both 
Houses, and the birth of a princess, (printed in Doc. Hi:: I . Y. 
I 3 16-17; Q. 2:530-31 and Doc. P: :: CoL Hisk .*.". V. S:109.) 


A. L. 5. 

[Albany, Xov ember 17, 1761 

I ] 

[ ] yesterday [ ] [ 

] find as he Lays by the [ | his 

Backside but M : Cartwright [ has had a severe 

Fever this I believe to [ ] and that he now Lays 

the Blame on [ ] Fundys horse in Order to Excuse him- 

self [for] not taking the Vomit at the Hall — Our Noble 
jident held out untill this morning when he was 
[cb]liged to take a dose and Can you believe me after throwing 
out and Discharging almost half [ ] Hh= he settled the matter 
with a Large Glass [ old Nants — and about a 

pound of Fine Corn'd Beef 

we sent our horses of this morning to Poughkeepsy by Master 
Jack c.7.z Shall go down [ ] Sloop with Col . Croghan 

6c M : . Adams to that [ ] it being the best Road to 

New London & that [ J the Colony — I was this 

Bk to by [ jster who lives near the House we 

used to [ ] he is I find a great Son of Liberty and 

he got nothing from me that will [ 
I \. eard from New London and [ Family 

were well about fourteen days [ ] 111 before 

that time Since my [ ] making 

them Very Happy | | I 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 461 

Should be a wretch [ 

[ '] 

grieves and distresses me [ ] Return I have 

at present [ ] you are the only 

man of this age who [ ] distresed under 

your protection from the [ ] of doing them 

service without any other [ ] assisting them 

only if Heaven h[ears ] Prayers you'l live long 

to injoy that pleasure | ] sure you feel on such occasions — 

and that [ ] may be the Case no man on Earth wishes 

or d [ ] with greater Zeal and Fervencey then 

Dear sir 

Your most Oblid [ ] 

& most Obed' s[ ] 

Jos Chew 
P S 

Col° Fitch begs his best 
Compliments to you — there is 
a Little sloop bound from here 
to New London that will sail in 
about 10 days I have desired M r . 
Cartwright to put the Trunk on 
Board of him — 

I have been greatly mo[rtined over leaving] the Hall without 
wishing m[iss Molly Tell] her so it was Really owing [ 
in that time [ ] 


The Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bar f . 
T 3 Favour M r Wall Johnson Hall 

1 Several lines burned away. 

462 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 
Schenectady 17 ih November 1768 

i ] 

I had the pleasure of your favour 12 th Ins'. & imed'y on 
] went over the Town to try for Dollars, I am sorry to 
say my [endeajvours have proved but unsuccessluil the people 
either not [hav]ing 'em or being but little inclin'd to Oblige, 
altho' I intimate [d the] purpose I was collecting them for, in 
short I have gote a [projmise of ab f . 300 which will only be 
exchanged for N Y. C: youll [therefore] be pleas'd to examine 
your Cash & send me to that amo 1 . in [York] Bills. I have 
desir'd Monier & Cartwright to look out [ | Albany 

when I hear from them will write again that you [ | a 

sum equal to whats expected there, at present we [ 
out of Cash otherway shou'd apply it on the present | ] . 

[ ] weeks since I return'd from N. Y & has the 

] you that our affairs in the upper Countries 
[ ] well as times goes, I imagin few connec- 

[ ] more fortunate. I beg Leave to return you 

my best thanks for so friendly an enquiry [ ] am 

sensible your time is engaged to conclude With [ 
imaginable respect Sir 

Your much Obliged & very Hum [ 

James Phyn 
A Strong S-ly Wind & Colo 1 Croghan 
Adams &c yet in Albany 
The Hcnb e SlR W M . JOHNSON 

INDORSED: [James] Phyns Letter 

Novb r . 1 7 th 1 768 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 463 


A. L. S. 

[Albany Novr. 17,] 1768 

I ] 

some other Articles [ sent] 

forward to morrow to M r Phyn & I [ ] Thing will 

be to your Satisfaction — 

The Bearer of this M r Wall, has applyd to me for an Intro- 
duction to you — it Seems he is very anxious to be employed by 
you in the Capacity of a School Master; As I am an entire 
Stranger to him, you will know best what to Say to him, as you 
will very Easily find out his Qualifications if he has any — 

Our poor Friend Fitch's Backside has been most Miserably 
Clapper Clawd in his Journey hither, he is however much better 
& we all Set out to morrow I shall be happy to hear you enjoy 
Such a State of Health & Happiness As I Sincerely wish you — 
In hopes of which I begg Leave to Subscribe myself 

Dear Sir Your most Obligd hble Serv 1 

John Wetherhead 

Sorry I did not take Leave of Miss Molly — I begg Sir 

be pleasd to Assure her, that it was not for want of 

the Effect of Stupidity or Something very 

[ ] 

INDORSED: M r . Wetherheads letter 

Novb'. 17* 1768 

464 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall Nov'. 18 ih J 768. 

My last was of the 20 th . ult°. from Fort Stanwix since which 
I have beyond my Expectations Settled the boundary Line, con- 
sidering the many obstructions it met with and the humour the 
Indians have been in thro' the belts they have received from the 
Spaniards & the endeavors of their Crafty Agents the French, — 
The new England Missiony™. mentioned in my last were very 
busy in persuading the Ind s . to refuse to make an advantagious 
Cession, but to keep their Lands for the purposes of Religion, 
They Memorialled me to the same effect & publickly declared 
they had given & wo d . give all the Obstruction in their power to 
it, of which I think I Informed you in my last. — 

I hope to hear from you soon on the Subject of my former 
Letters &ca being at present to inform you that I have set on 
foot a Collection from the Governors & Gentlemen who attended 
the Treaty for the finishing Schenectady Church to the Amt of 
abt £60, which will Sufficiently answer the purpose, and hope 
your Endeavors will be successfull in obtaining a Clergyman 
for them — 

The Indians of Conajoharee have some amongst them well 
Qualified to read prayers, & seem very desirous of having a 
Church, where they might occasionally have divine service when 
the Mohock Mission is established. With this View they have 
set aside some Money & purpose to appropriate as much as they 
can of the produce of their hunting, but as that will be tedious, 
they have sollicitted Me to endeavor to obtain a Collection for 
enabling them to finish the Work, a request which I could not 
refuse & accordingly resolved to mention it to you, that I might 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 465 

be informed whether you think it practicable to raise something 
for them by application to the Congregation at N. York or 
otherwise — This if put in practise must give them a very 
favorable opinion of the people, and the Donation would be 
directed to a very laudable purpose, as these poor people have 
some knowledge of Christianity & a Strong Inclination to be 
better informed to which a fixed place of Worship would greatly 
contribute by encreasing their attention to the dutys of Religion 
& inspiring them with a reverential awe naturally created by 
places set apart for these purposes. — 

Please to inform me whether you think such a thing Prac- 
ticable, as also concerning the subject of my last and be assured 
that I always am with great Esteem 

Sir &ca 
The Rev d . D r Auchmuty. 

indorsed: Nov 18 th . 1768 — 

To D r Auchmuty 

concerns the builds a Church 

at Conajoharee. 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady Nov. the 18 lh . 1768 — 
[ 1 

I take the Liberty to send the Bearer hereof to Endeavour to 
gett the Cherry planks Conveyd to M r . Funday's, that I may 
have them brought hither as soon as possible, being much in 
want of some Furniture. 

I hear the English Church here is soon to be finish'd and as 
the Bearer is an Excellent Workman an Irishman and a prot- 
estant, I beg Leave to Recommend him for the Carpenters 
work of it, and will Engage he will do it as well and as Cheap as 
any person, he has view'd it already — 

466 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I heartily Congratulate you on your Safe return home, & am 
Sir, with due Respect, your 

Most Humble & obedient 

Dudley Davis 
] servants to Assist the Bearer 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 
Johnson Hall 

Memorandum of Indian address on back: 

1 st glad to see me at my fire & bid me Welcome Home 

2 d letting me know y e leaves were so long & think they could 

not hear w l . was s d . at F Stanwix 
3 d Clear my Eyes to See y m . Clearly & to open my Ears — 
4 th . to remind me of y e old agreement, that when Br s . Met & 

Saw a hole on ye others Cloaths he gave him a patch to 

Mend it also Some powder to kill birds &ca. 

Abraham at Chenangey, Arent, an Elderly Man lives 
at Chughnut 


[Johnson Hall, November 18, 1768] 
I ] 

] the desire of the Gentlemen Signified [ the 
in] closed Letter from L l . Roberts I send it You 
with the Copy of a Letter from Ensign Robert Johnston to me, 
not with a View to his prejudice but to Shew the Sentiments he 
formerly conceived of Rogers, I find that Ainse the Interpreter, 
who I have always understood to be a good Man, of much In- 
fluence amst the Indians is now in Jail loaded with Irons, on a 
Charge of M r . Bostwick that he was present & busy in the 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 467 

plundering his goods at Michilimackinac altho' he has (as I am 
informed) Certificates of his good behavior at that time. — I 
know there are sev 1 . french men Whom the Traders have sworn 
to be aiding & Assisting in both Robberies and Murders during 
the Indian War who have hitherto escaped with Impunity, If 
Ainse is of that number he deserves no favor, but should it 
appear that at this distance of time he has been arrested to 
invalidate his Testimony, on accot of the Weight of [his] Evi- 
dence agt Rogers, and that people busied themselves [in 
Rogers] behalf thro' an Apprehension that they should [ 
Money unless he was acquitted, I think the [ ] and 

that the Man deserves Relief. ] favour I take 

the liberty to [ ] being only meant to 

[ ] that [ ] 

[ ] 

of this [ ] parts of my 

Transactions [ ] Next post. — My 

great hurry from Fort] Stanwix has I find occasioned 
m[ ] your Letter of the 10th ult°. with in- 

closures [ ] Ilinois &ca on the subject of 

which I likewise [ ] Information about the same 

time. — It is impossible to prevent the Nations about the 
Ouabache from being Guilty of some disorders so long as the 
Spaniards or rather the French their Agents have that Inter [est] 
with them which they now actually have, at the sam[e time] 
Such acts of Violence are not to be borne with, and some 
Measures sho d be imediately taken to check them. 

As the Chiefs of the Shawanese, & Delawares [attended] the 
Late Treaty, and as the former in particular [ ] Much 

Intercourse & Connection with those you m[ention] I have 
spoke to them & the rest generally at the [ ] & now as 

they return home by this route, I ha[ve | Spoke to them 

on these Subjects, with belts to [ to be Communi- 

cated to all their Connections in such a] Manner as may I hope 
be paid rega[rd to. that can occurr to me, shall he 

468 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] regard paid to whatever you [ 

] I perfectly agree with [ 
apprehend [ j to Fort [ ] 

[ ■] 

[ ] unless we are [prepared 

to] put our threats into immediate execu- 
tion. [The Indians, who are naturjally a Cool people un- 
accustomed to utter [their] Sentiments with much Warmth, 
do usually consider a [threat] as a Declaration of War, & in 
general act accordingly and sho d we fail of accompanying our 
Words with Actions they acquire fresh Courage & fury from 
the Suppositon that We are afraid, or unable to Attack them, 
for amongst themselves should one Nation affirm they are angry 
with another, hostilities always ensue if the partys are able to 
Commit them & they are too Apt to Judge of others by them- 
selves. [Common Justice without Aiming at a Compliment 
obliges me here to observe That altho' I Wo d not be understood 
to Condemn Gentlemen whose slender knowledge of these Mat- 
ters occasioned very different sentiments, your conceptions herein 
have been always Consistent with sound policy, and displayed a 
Superior Judgment in these Affairs, the effects of which the public 
feel the benefit of. 2 ] 

I hope you find Matters go on quietly at Boston, I believe you 
know my Sentiments of these people. They never expected that 
the Government would have adventured to [find] fault with their 
conduct & their Mortification is equal [to their] disappointment. 

INDORSED: To Gen 1 . Gage 

with inclosures concern^ 
Major Rogers. — 

1 Several lines burned off. 

2 Crossed out in the manuscript. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 469 


Johnson hall Nov 18 th . 1768. 

I heartily Sympathize with you on the Melancholy event of 
M rs . Cosbys death, a Lady for whom I had a very high esteem, 
on whose account as well as from the Amiable Character of her 
Surviving Connections I shall most willingly do Lady Fitzroy 
& yourself any offices of friendship within the Compass of my 

Eight days ago Doct r Shuckburgh delivered me your favor of 
May last together with the power of Attorney & other papers 
relative to the Estate of the late M rs . Cosby of which I shall 
take due notice, and shall as soon as possible set about the Settle- 
ment of your Affairs here, at present being newly returned from 
holding a Treaty with the northern Indians for settling a 
Boundary Line which I have at length advantageously effected 
between them, and the Colonies, and having many dispatches & 
lists to make up for the Ministry in consequence thereof I can- 
not be so particular as I could wish, I must however observe 
that you will find by my Letter to M rs . Cosby of the 12th 
March 1 765 there is a Necessity for your Settling the Affair of 
the Mortgage & Quit rents, or of paying the ballance to M r 
De Lancey, You will likewise find that there was a deficiency 
of 3000 acres, Returned by the late Survey of the Tract com- 
puted to be 21000 perhaps on a ReSurvey the deficiency may 
not prove so Great, or probably it is made up by the quantity 
on the other Side of the River occasioned by its bending to the 
Northward so that the Two Tracts tho' differing in Extent may 
make 42000 acres, & I see by y e acc f . of Fees sent me that 
the one is larger than the other — If so, & that M r DeLancey 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

470 Sir William Johnson Papers 

will buy the remainder which he was once desirous of doing it 
can make no difference, — I understand that the right to the 
Tract on the south Side, opposite that already purchased by 
M r De Lancey, is in M r . Wm Cosby who is incapable of busi- 
ness, This is the opinion of the Lawyers at New York which I 
communicated to M rs . Cosby who in Answer assured me that she 
had the advice of Council in her favor, — Mr De Lancey in a 
Letter to me in 1 765 says "I am still determined to make the 
Purchase of the other side but find she [M rs . Cosby] Can't 
make a Title for the same as it is now circumstanced during her 
Sons Life, nor afterwards unless Lady Augustus & the Duke of 
Grafton first Convey to her their right of reversion to W m . 
Cosbys Lands as one of them is heir to his Estate after his death 
& she has no Title in them." I find also by Gov 1 " Cosbys Will 
that he Conveyed that Tract on the South side to his Son Wil- 
liam. You will therefore please in case it is still meant to 
dispose of the South side of Cosbys Mannor to do what is need- 
ful for making out the Title, and also to inform me as Speedily 
as possible whether you mean to Settle the Affair of the Mort- 
gage & debts in England. 

I have at present only time to add that I shall be happy in 
Executing any Services for the advantagious Settlement of your 
affairs in America, & that I am with most respectfull Compli- 
ments to Lady FitzRoy, 

Sir, Your most obedt 

& most humble Servt. 

P. S. I find on a second perusal of the power of Attorney to 
me that in the Recital M rs Cosby is said to have Made her Will 
the 4th day of March whereas the date of the Will is the 4th 
day of May, I don't know how far this might operate agt the 
Power according to the Strictness of Law, & shall be glad you'll 
consider it. 

James Jeffreys Esq r . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 471 

A. L. S. 

TV. York 18* Nov. 1768 

I ] 

] ago I troubled you with a Letter [ ] 

M r Uptons Mandamus for 20000 Acres 1 [ ] you 

was so kind as to give me an Answer. [ ] you can 

now since the late Acquisition of territory answer this also on the 
same Subject with some Prospect of serving my Freind. S r . 
Harry [has] never yet located M r Uptons Lands, nor pointed 
out a Place, except in a Purchase on the South [ ] the 

Mohawks River, where he must have not only paid the Indian 
Purchase, but given also a Gratuity to the original Patentees. I 
should be extremely obliged to you, could you point out a 

] where I could locate with Advantage for [ 
Upton; He has send me a Power of Attorney [for] that pur- 
pose. Pray is it fair to ask if the [ ] for the Property 
of the Soil acquired [ ] that Congress; Or if the 
Petitioners are to [ ] At this Distance, & among 
so many [ ] People, it is hard for me to find out 
a [ ] Uptons Mandamus; And I should 
] oblige him thro your Means [ ] 



acknowledge your Service in [ 


] as I rece 


be so kind as to [ 


Dear [ 


Your [ 




Addressed : To 

The Hon bIe 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


Johnson Hall 

1 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 379, 466 and 487. 

2 Several lines missing. 

472 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Df. x 

Johnson Hall Nov, 18 ih 1768. 
Dear Sir 

I have had the favor of yours of the 1 1 th . Augt. from Mar- 
gate and embrace the first Opportunity since My return from 
holding the Treaty at Fort Stanwix to Acquaint you that after 
a Great Struggle & more difficulty than can be conceived by 
those who were not Eye Witnesses I have at length in the Settle- 
ment of the boundary Line procured for you a very advan- 
tagious Cession, which altho' Less than I could wish was more 
than I had reason to Expect from the ill humour the Ind s have 
been put in by the French & Spaniards who had sent them belts 
& an Invitat n . to a Meeting at the Misisipi where they were 
about going when my Message reached them. The New 
Englanders were very busy in private to oppose this & two Mis- 
sionarys sent by D r Wheelock of Connecticut came up & not 
only delivered me a mem 1 , to restrict the Provinces, & not Suffer 
the boundary to go far North or West but to reserve those Lands 
for the purposes of Religion, but also busied themselves much 
amongst the Oneidas whose property the Susquehanna is to pre- 
vent them from granting any Lands that way, this the Mission- 
ary^ avowed in the presence of M r . Peters Nephew & sev 1 . other 
Gentlemen I need not to describe the boundary as Gov r . Penn 
has done it e're now, but I flatter myself that under all the 
Circumstances of opposition it met with, & from the disposition 
the Ind s were in, it will prove agreable to you. 

I have likewise got declarations from them in fav r . of your 
Interest, which are inserted in my transactions now sent to Lord 
Hillsborough, wherein the sum of my publick Congresses are 
inserted, but the private meetgs. with the Chiefs where most 
points are discussed & setled could not be entred & if they had 
it would have been too Voluminous. The rest of the boundary 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. In Guy John- 
son's handwriting. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 473 

I have obtained more favorable for the Crown than was pre- 
scribed to me, in the settlement of which I acted to the best of my 
Judgment and hope it will be approved of — My last to you 
was of the 24th Augt wherein I entirely submitted the manner 
of my Grant &c to your Judgment & acquainted you that if the 
patent fees were not remitted I should most thankfully pay you 
without delay whatever Expences attended it, — Your last favor 
mentions a difficulty arising from the number of Associates with 
me in the Tract. These persons were only named in Conformity 
to the Practice in this Colony of having a Name for every 1 000 
acres which a patent is reputed to Contain, & therefore if His 
Majesty will be graciously pleased to grant it to me alone, I 
think it will be best, otherwise to me & to my associates. Some 
of them are dead since obtaining the Deed & some not at present 
in America, but I make no doubt of obtaining Releases from 
them whenever I receive the Grant. However, a Grant to my- 
self, or if that won't be done to me & associates without naming 
them wo d . I think be most adviseable, but this is entirely sub- 
mitted to you, requesting that you will do in it whatever is 
thought best with w ch I shall be perfectly satisfied, and ever pre- 
serve in Remembrance your friendship on this occasion. I think I 
have some little pretensions to be sollicitous about this Tract as 
It is My first Application, & the only Indn. Grant I have ever 
availed myself of notwithstanding the many opportunitys which 
offered for acquiring a Large Interest in Lands, & as I have 
already laid out so much money upon it, as well as upon the 
establishing people in a Wild remote Country — 

I know you will Excuse the freedom of my troubling you still 
farther on this head as I am fully persuaded of your friendship 
of which I shall always retain the most Gratefull sense being 
with the most perfect regard, Dear Sir, 

Your most Affectionate, 

& obliged humble Servt 1 
The Hon b,e T. PENN Esq r . 

1 In the Library of Congress is a Force Transcript of the letter, bearing 
Johnson's signature. 

474 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[Albany, November 18, 1768] 
I } 

[ ] the Content of this Letter Surprizes me 

[ Mr. Roberts] complains that I had injure! his Credit & 
[ ] Injurd you & the Service, by denying 

payment of [ ] drawn upon You payble at my 

house — I believe Sir [that you will] remember the Circum- 
stances of that Bill — but least you Shoud [not] I will now 
take the Liberty of relating to You all I know about [the] Mat- 
ter & shall leave it to Yourself to Judge of my Conduct in the 
matter — While You was at New London a Gentleman from 
Quebeck came to Newyork & presented the Said Bill to me for 
payment; to which I answerd that as I had no Advise either 
from you or Mr Roberts concerning that Bill, it was impossible 
for me to honour it, till I had wrote You concerning the Matter, 
as I thought it imprudent for me to undertake the Payment of 
Monies on your Account without Your Orders — I accordingly 
wrote you & the Instant I had your Answer [I] sent to M r 
Richard Sharp with whom the Bill was left by the [Quebeck] 
Gentleman, to Acquaint him that I was ready to pay it & 
[accord] ingly it was paid to M rs . Sharp, in M r Sharp's ab- 
sence — This ] I remember about it — Your own 
Good Sense will easily discover [whether] my Caution was im- 
proper or not — 

This accompanys the Negro Wench & her Children — also 

] Oysters & a Box of Honey, which I begg your 

kind [ ] I have likewise inclosd you the Votes of 

the Assembly to Assure you of my Ardent 

Wishes for your [ ] that I am with great Truth 

Dear Sir Your most Obliged hble Serv' 

John Wetherhead 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 Alb 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 407, is listed a letter of November 18th 
to the Earl of Hillsborough, regarding the claims of the Six Nations and 
the Cherokees, the policy which he pursued at the Fort Stanwix congress, 
the continuation of the boundary north of Owegy, the necessity of keep- 
ing faith with the Indians and expenses of the congress, (printed in Doc. 
Hist N. Y. 2:91 7-19; Q, 2:531-32 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 407, is listed a letter of November 19th 
from Hugh Gaine, New York, mentioning cost of binding and printing 
Indian prayer book, a set of Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts Bay, 
scarcity of gilt 4to Bibles and the agreement to import no British goods 
before spring, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:396; Q, 4:249.) 

A. L. S. 
Schenectady 19 th November 1768 

i ] 

I am Extraimly happy in hearing that you Are Once More 
got back in Good health to Johnson Hall, after Nine Weeks 
long fatiuge & Truble at Fort Stanwix 

It is with Inexpressible pleasure that I Can Inform you, that 
on my Arrival from New York I Found my Wife Safe delivered 
of a young Son, & God be praised Both Mother & Child in a 
fine Way, the Boy is much a Cleverer little Fellow than what 
I Could expect Considering — to be the produce [of a] Shat- 
terd Constitution, which has had Some hard Knocks in 

[ ] 

Upon my first Comeing to New [York I] found. Some 
Invious Persons who Cant for Speen and [ ] bear 

that Applause should be given to One whose [ 
Character is so General & Amiable as that of Sir 
You must that Some People gave [ ] Congress 

476 Sir William Johnson Papers 

that the Indians were much displeased & woud [ Ex- 

pence] would be great without being Able to Accomplish your 
plan [ ] manner as if they was affraid of a 

mis [carriage ] 

I happened One day to be [ ] with M r . Banyar & 

we had some private discourse — [ ] this matter & 

when I informed him What a great advantage [it] Would be 
to the Crown & the Public in General, the [Really great] 
Service you was now Being in Compleating — in Settleing 
[the] Line & the Vast Territory You had Purchased from the 
Indians it Seemed to give him great pleasure, as he Said it would 
[be] a disappointment to Some who wished otherways, I am 
[ ] that M r Banyar has the greatest Respect Im- 

maginable [ ] by his Seeming So happy at the Inteli- 

gence, I gave him. 

I Could not help being War[ ] first Arrival at 

York to find how a Report so Void [ ] should gain 

Such Credit & being Consious of [ I took] the liberty 

of Inserting a paragraph in [ ] though it might 

be Some little Check, upon [ ] a Report — M r 

Philip Living [ston 1 ] of Assembly Informed me that th[ 
Affairs — I mean that [ ] [ 

of the Trade youll find in their Answer [to the Governor's] 
Speech where they Say they will make & provide [ 
for the Regulation of the Trade when Such time [as] they have 
before them the Superintendant plans, 2 you will verry Easily 
discover their meaning by this — 

M rs Campbell begs her most Respectfull Compliments — I 
am — Dear 

Sir with the Utmost Respect 
Your most Obedient & 

most humble Servant 

Daniel Campbell 

1 Speaker of the assembly. 

2 See Journal of the Votes and Proceedings of the General Assembly 
of the Colony of New York, from 1 766 to 1 776, 3d November, 1 768. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 477 

[ ] Johnson Barronet 

INDORSED: Schenectady Novb r . 19 th 1768 

Major Daniel Campbels 
Ans r . 
A memorandum on back of letter 
to write Myn[ ] 

for Damask — [ ] 

Blankets of red [ 
& blew y e . other [ 
to perthuit & [ ] 


[Johnson Hall, November 20, 1768] 
I ] 

Public business requiring Gov r . [Penn] 
[to return home s]uddenly in the midst of my great hurry [at] 
Fort Stanwix I had it not then in my power to answer your favor 
of the 10 th September, but the Gov r . was so kind as to promise 
that he would apologize for it, he will have doubtless informed 
you of the circumstances regarding M r . Coxe's affair, I can only 
express my concern that it was not in my power to conferr any 
favor upon him suitable to my esteem for your recommendation 
His application being for a restitution for Losses antecedent to 
the Indian War of 1 763, which was the only one they could be 
prevailed upon to grant any Lands for, this was all they agreed 
to at the Congress in 1 765", nor would they listen to any thing 
farther, in so much that altho' I flatter myself I could carry a 
matter of that nature as far as any Man with them yet had I 
attempted it at the late Treaty it would have given great obstruc- 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:740, Article 9 of treaty. 

478 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tion [to] the General Object in View, if it did not produce 
worse [consequjences. M r . Cox expressed his concern that 
by [ ] in a hurry he had not bro 1 . Power of 
Attorney [ ] necessary papers, Mess". Whar- 
ton & Trent [ ] were the persons who had 
formerly [ jtained in 1763 properly 
vouched [ ] Nature of any private 

[ ■] 

doubtless [ ] after a 

variety of delay [ ] it a Work of 

as much difficulty as I have] ever experienced — I am happy 
that [ ] so advantagious a Grant 2 for M r Penn, 

[ ] proposed by the Government, I had 

particular (difficulty?)] in Effecting this as it lay in the 
Neighbourhood [of] many Indian Settlements, and was 
deemed the p[roperty] of a Nation very Cunning & Selfish, who 
w[ere] practised upon by many to oppose it, and inde[ed the] 
Time elapsed since they were first Spoke to concerning] a 
Boundary, had made them all View it in [a very] indifferent 
and disadvantagious Light. — 

Be persuaded, Sir, that I shall be always [stand ready to] 
offer you, or yours any services within the Co[mpass] of my 
power, and that whenever your Le[isure will] permit you to 
favor me with your agreafble (company?)] it will afford a 
Sensible pleasure to [ ] 

Your very Aff[ 

And Most [ ] 

INDORSED: [ | Allen Esq r . 

1 Several lines missing. 

°-Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:121. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 479 

Df. x 

[Johnson Hall, November 20, 1768] 
I ] 

[ ] off my last of the [ ] 

[ ] from Niagara with Letters [ ] 

] inclosed order issued by Capt Brown. 
You will please to recollect that Sometime ago I wrote you, 
that I thought it best not to remove the officers of Trade too sud- 
denly, but to continue them to next March to give the Colonies 
time to form necessary Establishments, otherwise they might in 
case of any disturbances alledge that the removals were made 
before their Legislatures had time to make the Necessary pro- 
vision, of all which you were pleased to approve, in consequence 
thereof I directed them to retrench as much as possible but con- 
tinue in office till farther orders, — Now as they can't possibly 
stay without provisions &ca I think it best to direct M r Leod &ca 
to buy [ ] flour &ca to give occasionally when Neces- 

sary until you will [please] to give Orders for their receiving 
provisions till March, [ ] I am on the subject I would 

desire the favor of you to [ ] whether you think best 

that the Comissy s . Interpreters & Smiths Should be directed to 

] March, and whether it should be 

] or not as Some are at a great 

] fully advised thereof the better. 

very warmly on Some of these 

] Cession to the 


[ ] 


the Comissy* 
In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 



general to 

Extend [ 




King [ 





480 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall, November 20, 1768} 

[ ] pleasure of your Letter of [ 

] February at a time when I was [ 
by Indians who attended a Treaty for establishing a peace 
between the Northern Nations & the Cherokees which at that 
time prevented me from Answering you, and the Cold I caught 
upon that occasion brought on a return of a bilious Complaint 
with which I have been troubled for some Years & which was 
so Severe that I was necessitated to go to the Sea Coast of 
Connecticut for the Recovery of my health. — There I spent 
near 3 Months, and at my return was obliged to go to your old 
Fort Stanwix to hold a Treaty with the Northern Ind s . for 
Settling a Boundary Line between them & the sev 1 . Colonies, at 
this Treaty 3200 Indians attended, and after much difficulty 
I at length effected it and obtained a very great and 
Valuable Cession of Territory to his Majesty from thence I am 
but returned Ten days, and in looking over some Letters | 
that yours Still remained as I apprehend unanswered | 
particular I mention to you to Shew you I have [ 
about and employed since the rect of it and | to] apologize 

for my omission of writing sooner [ ] pleasure that I 

hear of your having [ 2 ] you upon Occasion [ 

[ ] 

[ 3 ] 

to Stop a Carriage [ ] there running away 

] only a trifling defect. — I thank 
[you for the horse beans] you sent me, as much as if I had 

] went to a better use for the Vessell had | 
Extraordinary long passage which reduced [those on] board 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Evidently a congratulation of Massy on his marriage. 
3 The Johnson Calendar indicates that an accident to Guy Johnson was 
mentioned here. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 481 

to a starving Condition and M r Lupton [ ] that 

their lives were Solely preserved by the beans, 1 [ ] it 

will give you pleasure to hear this. — 

Sir John had not the pleasure of Seeing you. [He] would 
have been very happy to have met with the opportunity, As to 
myself it would give me infinite pleasure to Visit my friends and 
I hope I need not [ ] you, the Satisfaction I should have 

in seeing you [ ] My Chosen Ones but besides those 

infirmities [ ] to a Life spent in much fatigue, & 

the Ang[uish caused] by the Shot in my Thigh, which grows 
daily [more] Troublesome I am so occupied with public 
[ ] Affairs that I can hardly Think of going 

and should I undertake such a Voyage 
| Connections here would call me [ ] 

of consequence part with m[ ] as it is I still flatter 

myself ] in one or another [ 

] seeing you [ ] 

[ 2 ] 

] ever in securing [ 

] and increasing their prejudices against 
they now avail themselves in drawing away 
], and hope to profit still more by it in case of a 
General Rupture, These Schemes 3 give me infinite trouble to 
Counteract. — The first good opportunity that offers in the 
Spring I purpose to send you some American Trifles of one kind 
or another If I can serve you in anything here pray command 
me In the Meantime I hope to hear from you occasionally which 
will ever afford a Sensible pleasure to him who is always Dear 

Your Affectionate friend 

& very humble Servt 
INDORSED: Col. Eyre Massy 

Dublin — 

1 See letter from William Lupton to Johnson, March 19, 1 768. 

2 Several lines missing. 

3 Spanish and French activities among the Indians. 


482 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall, November 20, 1768] 

[ ] you during [ ] 

] apologize for my not answering [your favor] 
of Sept r . 28th &ca as my time was then [ ] intirely occu- 

pied with the Negociation with the Indians concerning the 
boundary & Cession to his Majesty that I had not a Moments 

I have since happily effected that troublesome business, but 
being newly returned home & having Many pacquets and dis- 
patches to make up, I am not yet disengaged from business — 

I heartily thank you for your agreable Correspondence, & 
for the particulars you have communicated concerning the Affairs 
to the Eastward, Agreable to my Expectations by our last 
accots I find that since the Arrival of the General, and the 
Troops, matters go on quietly, You, who are so near them can 
best Judge of these matters, and whether it is likely to 
continue. — 

My Journey to the Seaside was of great service [ 
I can't Say much for the Spring tho' I have [ ] 

Many instances are produced of its [ ] effects in 

Rheumatick pains & Sev 1 . [ ] can't reach my dis- 

order, it seems to be [ ] I believe as yet been 

properly analyz'd, [ ] there, or wherever 

any [ ] & that by a regular 

[ 2 ] 

INDORSED: [ ] Tho 8 . Moffatt 

N L 


1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 483 


Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall, November 20, 1768] 

[ ] M r . Penn was so suddenly [called away] 

on affairs of his Government at a time [ I] was so greatly 

hurried that I had it not in my power to thank you for your 
Letter by him — 

I have Since happily effected a very difficult Negociation with 
the Indians at the Treaty at Fort Stanwix, and altho some years 
had Elapsed since a boundary line was first proposed, which 
Joined to many other causes, had placed it in a very disadvan- 
tages Light in their Eyes, I at length obtained a very 
advantagious Boundary and Cession to his Majesty. 

M r . Bostwick overtook me as I was proceeding on my late 
Journey, and I have since had letters from the Secretary of State 
&ca concerning his Affairs which are now under consideration, 
and you may be persuaded that I shall pay a particular regard 
to y r . recomendat n . [on] this as well as on any other occasion. — 

I am much obliged to your kind Wishes that [ Tour 

sho d . prove of Service to me, I really [ benefit 

from it, but being called upon [ and 

persuaded to make another [ frontiers 

deprived me of the happiness [ 
the Society of my Friends [ 

[ ] 

INDORSED: [ ] O Brien Esq 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

484 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

N. York 20 ih . Nov. 1768 
Dear Sir 

Your Letter to L d . Hillsborough I have retaind till advice 
f m . You whether I shoud put it on board one of the Trading 
Ships bound f m . hence to London or wait for y e . Return [of] 
the Kings Pacquet, there being none here [at] psent or any 
Expected till next Month as by [the] last advice f m . England 
there was none in [ ] there being y e 1 2 Sept. ult°. 

If M r . Preston shoud not have inform'd you concerning the 
Spectacles I sent by him, I [must] Acquaint you that the Divi- 
sion of y e Glasses [is] not an Accidentall crack, but the 
original design [of the] Optician who made them, & y e Light 
is different [ ]cted above & below, you must take care 

] heavy & very wide on y e Temples that [they do 
not] fall of to secure them long on the Nose [it is neces]sary 
to have a piece of double thread | | of y e Spectacles 

over ye Nose & secured | | Peruke - — 

Gov r . Carleton is made full Governour [of Canada] Gen 1 . 
Murray tis said is coming over to N [England] with his Reg*. 
this is reported, Gen 1 . Gage [ ] Expected every Day 

with his Staff they are lik[ to] have a desperate Passage if 

they are in y e So[und] between Rhode Island & New York 
this Day being [ ] Stormy w ll \ Snow. 

You'll find by our Assemblys A[nswer] to the Gov rs . Speech 
that whenever his Excellency [ be pleasd to lay before 

them the Plans pursued [by] the Superintendants of Ind n . 
Affairs, they will [ ] them their most serious considera- 

tion w ,h . pru [ | measures agreable to y e Circumstances 

of y e Colony [ ] I cant construe this part of their 

Answer nor [ ] how much of Ind n . affairs are to be put in 

the[ir] hands as they are to settle boundaries &c by Act of 
Assembly, Jn° Delancy is the member for WestfchesterJ hav- 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 485 

ing got y e Superiority over Morris in y e S[crutiny] which they 
say makes ag st . Scot who is Scrutinizing [ ] Jauncy one 

of y e members for N. York 

Be pleasd [ ] my Comp lts . to S r . Jo n . Col. Claus & 

Johnson [ ] family s 

I am as ever Y r . most [ ] 

most Obed f . Serv 1 

R D . [Shuckburgh] 
P. S. Richards & Kimble are 
Expected f m . London every Day 
I must refer to Gaine's Paper for News [ 
INDORSED : N York Novb r . 20 [ ] 

Doctor Shuckbur[ 


A. L. S. 

[Albany, November 21, 1768] 

I am favoured with your Letter of the 19 th , in answer to 
which, I have left about 120 Bushels of Corn more or less, the 
Price is 4/ I cant let it go under, when I consider my loss in 
drying, the storage and other charges thereon, should you be 
determined to take this Corn I will be glad of an answer soon, 
to prevent the Sale of any more of it here, I am very respectfully 


Your Obedient Servant 

Jn°. Monier 

On His Majestys service 


Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


Johnson Hall 


] 21 Novo'. 1768 


]iers Letter 



486 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[For/ Ontario, November 23, 1768] 

[ ] 

[ ] commanding this Post, no [date 

[ ] Informs me, that the Direction of the Trade 

for [ out of] the Hands of Sir William Johnson, 

and that [ ] Governors must Settle the Same, no 

Expence being to be [incurred] on acc f . of that Department for 
the future, at the Posts. 

The following is an Extract from a letter of Capt n . Browns 
Dated Niagara the 6th. Nov r . 1 768. to Lieu 1 . Grant command- 
ing here 

You must have been informed of the losses of both vessels on 
Lake Erie, the one Burned by Indians, & the other run a Shore 
in Sandusky Bay, on her way to Detroit, with Poison & M c Can 
on Board, this obliged Me to Send off Poynton 1 with four 
Batteaus loaded with Flower to relieve that Garrison. I inclose 
you a Coppy of Orders rec d . from below, but tr^sume you have 
them from head Quarters. 

The last Paquet was concerning the management of the 
Indian Trade, being taken out of the hands of the Supper In- 
tendant and put into the care of the Several Provences, the 
General wrote [me] that all Expences on that ace 1 , must now 
Cease; on which [ ] I aquainted the whole Department 

in Publick Orders [ ] that they could not even draw 

for Provisions, this is all the publicity I have at 

^sent to trouble you with. 

Notwithstanding those letters [in absens] of Orders from 
Capt n . Brown, to Lieu 1 . Grant, I am [drawing for?] Provisions, 
Nor in anny respect, curteled or Impeded [ in the 

Duty of the Department, as I think propper 

1 Lieutenant Brereton Poynton, of the 60th regiment. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 487 

to act as usual, the best I can, til I have your [ ] 

Spring, which I beg you to aquaint [ ] I am to 
Stand or fawl, if the latter [ 

that [ ] 

[ ] 

[Michael Byrne] 

from r. cartwright 
A. L. S. 

[Albany, November 23, 1768] 
I ] 

] baggage belonging to the Wench [ 
] was not quite full I put in 6 huncR Oysters [ 
and ordered the man to leave 200 hund d at each of your daugh- 
ters & 2 hund d . at S r . Johns, hope the are Come safe to hand. 

The memorandum you sent me Could not be got here Sent 
by Capt Bloodgood to New York who promis'd to have them 
Sent imediately. M r . Adams also ask'd by whom it was Sent 
and promised to hasten the goods. 

I told them if they met one Burgher an oyster man not to 
send up any Oysters as I Could get them here Cheaper & better, 
they met him & he is this day Arived. Shall put up 2 hhh ds . to 
morrow and forward them to Van Eps and if I Can get Some 
Opened Shale put up a Cag for y r . own Eating 

Weatherhead and all the rest of the Gentlemen were 
] the Waggon Set out with the wench and 
[ ] away till Saturday P. M. Coll". Fitch 

[ ] went by water to Pockeipsie and [ 


[ ] manner of respect 

[ ] 


The Hon ,e . Sir William Johnson Baro*. 
Johnson Hall 

488 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Novb r 24*. 17 68 

M r . De Coangre delivered me y r . favour of the 26 th . of 
Octb r . — Cap 1 . MacLeod had my Orders to Discontinue acting 
in his Office after y e . 24 th . of Septb r . which was in consequence 
of the Secretary of States letter to me, that from the greatness of 
the Expence, that part of my Department regarding Trade shall 
be committed to the charge & care of the Colonies, but not till y e . 
Several Reductions could be conveniently made, however with 
a view to a saving, I Issued the first Orders You refer to, but on 
further recollection & consulting the Commander in Cheif. He 
agreed with me that it was better to continue them longer, to 
give time to the Colony Assemblys to make some provision in 
their Stead, As the Lords of Trade particularly observe in their 
Report that if there appeared any ill consequences in the Change 
it should not be recommended, I therefore gave the After Orders 
you likewise refer to, and as some Mistake might possibly have 
arisen concerning the General Orders depriving the Officers of 
the Department of Provisions &c a ., I have now wrote to the 
General about them, and also directed Cap 1 . MacLeod to pur- 
chase provisions & ca till his farther pleasure is known, as it 
would be attended w th . a needless Expence to keep Officers 
there if disabled from discharging their Duty as must be the case 
without former Allowances. 

I thank you for the Intelligences you gave me I had before 
heard that a Gentleman received a letter from you, giving him 
an Ace 1 , that the Boston was burned by the Indians, which from 
y r . letter to me Seemed a Matter of doubt or an unpremeditated 
Act 2 . 

1 In British Museum, Additional Manuscripts 21678. fo. 120, London, 

2 See Gage to Brown, November 1 3, I 768. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 489 

I forwarded the letter you inclosed to the Commander in Cheif 
imediately. — 

I am 
Sir Your Most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
Cap t . Brown — 
INDORSED: Sir W m Johnson dated 

24 Nov 1 768 

Rec d 10 JanT Ans d 23 d D° 


Relative to Cap 1 : M c : Leods 

discontinuing his Offices of the 

Indian Trade being left to the 

Colonies &c: — 

A. L. S. 
Schenectady the 24 th November 1768 

I had the pleasure this Morning of Receiving your favour of 
the 22 d Instant by M r Brown, and am Extraimly much Obliged 
to you for your kind Congratulation on the birth of my Son, 
M rs Campbell & the Child are daily gaining Ground — I Send 
by the Bearer the piece of Crimson damask — which I bought 
from M r Sanders Conditional provided you did not like it to be 
Returned this is the Only p s In Town of this kind — there is no 
Cloth [ ] Scarlet in One Side & Blue in the other — 

Neither is there | | fine Blue flennel Such as you wanted 

to be had in this ] have Sent you White which is 

fine — . 

I have Supper fine Green [ ] Colour & two 

kinds mixed Colours — Cloths or [ ] Im- 

ported from England — as Also Some fine Bath [ 
Used for Settout Coats. I have not had 

490 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Assortment of Shop Goods Your Account Current Shall be 
[ ] next Opportunity — M rs Campbell begs 

[ ] Respectfull Compliments to You 

I am Dear Sir with [great] 
Respect Your most 
humble & Obedient Serv[ant] 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: [ ] Novb r . 24 1768 

Major Daniel Campbells 
Letter — 
Ans rd . 


A. D. 

Schenectady the 24 ih November 1768 

Sir William Johnson Baronet Bought from 

Daniel Campbell 
4 Yards fine White flennel 4/3 

Yl ditto Crimson Velvet 
1 piece Crimson damask 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 408, is listed a letter of November 24th 
to General Gage, sending a copy of the Indian deed of cession, consider- 
ing rival claims of Six Nations and Cherokees, the New York-Indian 
boundary, difficulties of the settlement at Fort Stanwix, obstruction offered 
by N England missionaries, and their motives, (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:397-98; Q, 4:249-50.) 









.0 £5. 



Post-War Period, 1763-1774 491 

A. D/. 1 
[Johnson Hall, November 24, 1768] 

My great Hurry would not permit me to [ ] your 

Excellencys favour of the 18 th Ult°. by Co 1 . Scott to whom I 
shewed all the Civility in my power at so remote a place as 
Fort Stanwix. — 

[/ have since been favoured with yours of the 13th. Ins 1 , con- 
cerning the Lands in which Lord Holland has a Share, and have 
now Wrote fully to M r . Banyar to negociate the Affair for me 
at New York, as Well as that of Lawyers for the Scohare Tract, 
the part I take in the former will be as you before discribed it on 
the Map Sent me about 25500 Acres 2 ] 

I now take the earliest opertunity I could since my return 
home to inform You that I have after a Variety of troubles & 
Obstructions at length settled the Boundary Line and obtained 
a verry valuable & extensive Cession for his Majesty, a Copy 
of the Deed I now inclose, as also [of the] Transactions at one 
of the most Material Congresses [to which] the Deed refers. — 

The trouble I had both before & at the Treaty, [(at the 
open]ing of which was three thousand & Eight Indians [, and 
more came in] afterwards) was inexpressible, So long [a space 
had elapsed] between the first proposal to y e . Indians [and the 
arrival of orders] for Settling the Line, that they [began to 
consider it as an Imposition and of] dangerous consequences to 
themselves. The Subject [ has been] known for some time and 
the Spaniards [ ] French Agents have been ever 

since | ] them up to Arms, so that [ 

and humour, wch greatly retarded the Negociations [ 

1 There is a longer draft in the hand of Guy Johnson, from which some 
burned portions in the present copy are supplied and by means of which 
this is completed. 

2 Crossed out in the original. 

492 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a variety of Congresses both [Publick & Private] [ ] 

by Day. As the Lands far down [ ] affect 

them, they were verry bount[iful ] but in proportion 

] Northward, and approached their own 
] the Difficulties increased, particularly as the [ 
so much interested therein, at the Same time I [ ] Mis- 

sionaries came to Fort Stanwix strongly rec[ommended] by M r . 
Wheelock of Connecticut and busied th[emselves] verry much 
on the pretended Score of Religion, to [prevent] the Indians 
from granting an Advantagious Bou[ndary] and had the 
Modesty to deliver in a Memorial to me [praying] that the 
Boundary might not be extended to the Westward but reserved 
for their Missions & for the purposes of [Religion.] They like- 
wise publickly declared to Several Gentlemen [there] that they 
had gone to Oneida & given it all the Obstruction] they could 
before the Congress, & would continue [to do so] However 
I got over all these Difficulties, and at [length] Obtained the 
Line from Owegy East to De[laware] and up the Same 
to opposite to where Tianad[erha falls] into Susquehanna, from 
thence to & up the [West side of] Tianaderrah, 1 & its West 
Branch, & thence [to the Mouth] of Canada Creek, at Wood 
Creek [up[ ] to the enclosed] little Sketch, and as I 

found that they would [not continue the] Line from Canada 
Creek [in such a Manner as I could] Wish for the 
Advantage of this province [ ] that it should stop 

there by Mutual Consent till his Majesty's [ | is known] 

I flatter myself that all things [ ] the Line will be 

found advantagious for this [ ] Least I am per- 

suaded it is as favorable as [ ] been obtained by 

any Man under the Circum [stances] mentioned, and as only 2 
Nat s are particularly [concerned] the farther continuation of 
the Line I hope by the time His Majestys plea [sure is 

signified to have] it in my power to continue [it more advan- 
tagiously than] they inclined to at the [Treaty, should his 

1 The Unadilla. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 493 

Majesty require] it to be Closed [as the Indians themselves 


| you of the [Mohawjks desire touching | 
and you will now see that the Indians ha[ 
] reserved their sev 1 Villages & Lands adj [oining] 
]h other as happened to fall within the L[ine] 
The M]ohocks as well as all the Six Nations have expressed] 
their earnest desire that these be effectually secured to them 
by Law and I persuade myself that you will take the proper Steps 
for obtaining a Law of the Colony as well for the due observ- 
ance of the Boundary Line as for the Confirming those Villages 
& Lands to the Mohocks & their Posterity which will tend 
greatly to the Reputation of this Province amongst the Indians. 
I am with the Greatest Truth & Esteem 


Your Excell c y s &ca 
INDORSED: [Sir] Harry Moore Bar*. 

Copy of the Deed of Cession 

] tract from the Treaty at F l Stanwix 
Sketch of the boundary Line 
proper to Shew to y e . 2 Mohawk 
Villages — 

D/. 2 
[Johnson Hall, November 24, 1768] 

i ] 

] and I now give [that ] 

| have this seperate Letter. 
The plan for the Management of Trade &ca prepared by the 
Board of Trade in 1 764 & approved by his Majesty, was what 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

494 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I was principally governed by in that branch but, as this Plan 
was never fully inforced or established by proper Authority and 
as Some Complaints came from Canada, & elsewhere concern- 
ing some parts I never attempted to put the Whole in force, and 
softened many Articles which appeared disagreable here, I gave 
the Commissaries from time to time Instructions in Writing which 
Varied according to Circumstances, but as the Regulations which 
I prepared for the Year 1 767, are of the Most general Nature 
I herewith inclose you a Copy of them which will Shew the 
principal points I Judged most necessary for attention at that 

The Restriction of the Trade to the posts was grounded on 
the following reasons, That it was notorious that Men engaged 
[in a] profession whose sole Object was Gain, would be more 
apt [to com]mit frauds when under No Authoratative Inspec- 
tion [than] otherwise, That Experience had shewn that many 
of [ ] Traders (too many of wch are composed 

of the [ ] had actually been guilty of the worst 

] being very avaracious & Sev 1 . of [ ] ed 

& w d . risque not only the public [ 

[ '] 

Government but some [ ] & better 

esteemed than ours, w[ ] Confiscated, 

That we had experienced [ ] Expect more 

Instances of the Like nature That [ ] of insisting 

on Satisfaction we sho d . [ ] tedious to 

Mention being a Gen 1 . War on the [frontiers] 

That the Assertion of the Canada Traders that [the Indians] 
could not conveniently come to Trade at our Posts, [ 
the same time they Assert that they might come [ 
to the Capitals perhaps 1 000 Miles still farther to Comp [ 
a fraud was so far absurd, & calculated to Weaken the 
C[ommissaries'] powers who as Judges on the Spot could best 
determine Matter in dispute & were intended by 

1 Several lines missing. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 495 

the Gov 1 , to insp[ect ] these matters. That a very few Nations 
North of [Lake Superior] &ca were so circumstanced as to 
require Traders at the [ ] Hyvernements. — That 

the frame & policy of our Gov 1 , so diff 1 from the [French, do] 
not Justify our granting those Indulgences wch they sometimes 
did to [their traders] neither are the cases parallel, for sev 1 . of 
their places of Trade were Royal [ ] & a much 

greater Numb r . were farmed out for certain terms at a high rate 
to [men of ability & of Influence with] The Ind s . who were 
answerable for their Conduct whilst others [ ] paid 

to the Govt no Less than [ ] permission for a single 

Canoe to some places command ts . at the Outposts 

had a power of punishing [frauds] wch at once reconciled the 
Ind s . and [which ] of our Constitution no British off [icer ] 
Exercise. That it was [ ] oppressed 

by a [ ]l" [ ] 

[ '] 

] of the event we might be [ ] 

little power &] little inclination to punish Offenders, 
]less both they expect Justice, and those distant 
pe[ople having] no other means, & being naturally of a very 
Revengefull disposition are on the Slenderest occasions easily 
provoked to an Imediate Retaliation, and as they seldom stop at 
the first act of Cruelty, an Indian War may be the consequence 
which in good policy we should guard against, by removing the 
Cause & Confining the Trade to places of Security where it Can 
be properly Inspected, and Wrongs prevented or redressed, 
rather than expose our Frontiers & the Traders in general for the 
Sake of a few Individuals to the Caprices or Resentment of an 
Ungovenable Savage people. 

These were the Sum of my Thoughts & opinion on that 
Subject and they were perfectly agreable to the Sentiments of 
his Majesty & his Ministers, as I believe they will be to every 
disinterested person who is conversant in these Matters. I know 

Several lines missing. 

496 Sir William Johnson Papers 

not whether they will be of any use to you but I offer them 
ingeniously heartily wishing I may have reason to alter them, 
Besides the Commissarys at the posts, there were Interpreters 
and Smiths, who worked Gratis [both very necessary persons, 
and indeed the Last [in pa]rticular had been kept up by this 
Province before the [Super In]tendancy, and are always ex- 
pected by the Indians. 1 ] [ ] yet far from being 
disengaged from the hurry [ ] Indians now about 
me so that I cannot [ ]ld any thing farther occur, 
[ ] I should be happy to [ ] 

INDORSED: [ ]ry Moore 

] the Regulat ns . for Trade in 1 767 
and remarks on that subject. 


X~\ . Jus* O. 

Schenectady 24 th Novem r 1768 

i ] 

I am favour'd with yours of the 21 st & much concern'd that 
[you] appologize, for not answering my last letter on receipt, 
[of m]ine, that I possibly can think any Commands from you 
[a trou]ble I am too sensible of the Business which goes thorough 
[your] own hands, to look for such punctuality, as few of my 
Letters [req]uires imediate answers, & many of them no answer 
at all, And [as] to giving me trouble I am So far from thinking 
any thing You [are] pleased to employ me in as a trouble, that 
every oppy I have [for render] ing you any litle service I regard 
as a principle satisfaction [ ] pleasure. 

I am Promised 200 Dollars in Albany, Squire Sanders [is 

the person] who has the 300, he is now over the River but I 

] he will Accept of any Mony as I shall engage 

to I receive whats most agreeable to him So 

1 Crossed out in the manuscript. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 497 

that [ ] upwards of £200 & I will bring up the same 

] day, At which time shall furnish a State of the 
Ace 1 , you require. 

[ ] to N Y desir'd me to send up some Shoes & 

] a part of which order is now Forwarded to Col° 
Clause [ ] Battea, of Hans Petris, together with the Check, 

] order'd some Stryp'd flanell to be sent more than 
You [ ] beleieving it will be suteable for the Negro 

Wenches [ ] if its not agreeable may be return'd. 

likeways any of the [ ] which dont fitt, the reason of 

my not sending more of [ ] is that by first Sloop I 

expect a quantity when we [ ] pick out the best & largest. 

I am inform'd the Indian Interpreter De Co[agnie] will soon 
be with You from Niagara, will you give [ ] to 

inclose you his Bill on you fav r . Edward Po[llard] & at the 
same time to request youll at settli [ ] include the 

Amo 1 or any part thereof a[s far as in your] power, As it will 
be like recovered [ ] I have experienced so much 

of Your goodness [ ] nothing to doubt of your 

willingness, as far as is [ ] consistent. I have the Honor 

to be with esteem 


Your much Obliged & very 
Hum e serv 1 . 

James Phyn 
[ ] Johnson 


INDORSED: M r . Phyns Letter 

w th . a Draft favr of 
Pollard from De Coaugne 
for £240 . . 2 . . 4|/ 2 

498 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady Nov. 25 ih 1768 
[ ] 

I was favor'd with yours, by M r . Sutton, and the next day- 
saw M r . Brown, who told me, Sutton shoud do the Carpenters 
work of the Church, and that he had always Intended it, please 
to Accept my hearty thanks for your kind Interposition in this 
Affair, and also for the Cherry boards, & Lett me Assure you, 
had I thought you was so buisy, I shou'd have postponed my 

In the Postscript of your favor, you mention, you Supposed, 
I was in Joke, with regard to M rs Harris's Land, I assure you, 
quite the Contrary, I have not seen a place in America so much 
to [my] Liking, and if (as Coll 11 . Johnson, and sev 11 . Others 

]e) it is but Sixteen miles from this Town, [ 
Good Road, can very Easily be made [ ] Answer well, 

and the rather As I shoud entirely run into [ ] think 

that place very fit, and which [will not] prevent my doing any 
other Business, [ ] not remove my family there, 

but keep a h[ome or a] part of one in this Town 

I must Confess, I have but very Little hopes of the Law 
Business here, at least for a very Considerable Length, of time, 
and such as may be is of so low and mean a Sort, that no Gentle- 
man or man of Character, or good Principles, can brook it, at 
Least I cannot; neither did I ever like the profession] nor 
shoud any thing but my present very distressing] Circumstances 
(Occasioned Solely by my Un [happy] Connection with M r . 
French) and an Encreas[ing] family induce me, again to take 
it up — 

As the Governor had Assured [ ] Serve me if in 

his power, I thought [ | Little things might be had, 

That [ ] as Deputy Surrogate [ ] 

di] vision of this County, The Sh[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 499 

&c ; for the two former I wrote to his Excellency some time since, 
and reminded him of his promise to me, the Result of which was, 
a Letter from his Secretary, which I Consider as a refusal, tho' 
it was Couch'd in very Genteel Terms, and it has since been 
hinted to me, his refusing was owing to something he said, he 
had heard, from the Late M r . French; on This I have wrote to 
him again, to shew my Innocence & the distress I have mett, 
entirely thro' the means of M r . French, and as it is not in my 
power to go to York, am now preparing the whole Proceedings, 
ab Initio, between M r . French and me, which I shall send to a 
Friend to be laid before the Governor, & which will [cleajrly 
shew me in every thing, a faultless, Unlucky [sufferer], and 
instead of Censure, deserve real Pity, being [by m]ore than a 
Year's most Severe fatigue of [ mind], reduced, with my 

family, almost to [ ] the Case, and must have long 

since [been] ruined but for the great Hum[anity ] of that 

Humane and worthy man [ ] & Supposing all the 

Affairs Settled, w ch . I have [ besides my Loss of 

time and Labor, I shall be [ ] at Least to the Amount 

of Six hundred pounds | 

This, Tho' hard, I can and do forgive [but] one act of his, 
which I take the Liberty to mention [is] hardly to be forgiven; 
I have near Seven hundred pounds Sterling in the East India 
Company's Cash at Beng[al, ] which bears int*. at 8 per 
Cent 1 "., and a Gentleman one M r . Gore, is Indebted to me Six 
hund d . & Seven [ty] five pounds Sterling, and on both of these, 
the [re is] sev 11 . Years Interest due, and in November 17 [ 
wrote to my Attorney in London to Call both [ ] remitt 

the Interest and Principal to me, for purpose sent 

the necessary powers & [ ] & these with sev 11 . 

Letters I made up in [ ] sent them to York, to be 

forwarded [ ] but by mistake, they were [ 

] had the least Line or acc f . | ru]ined 

in the Pacquet, so that I have Just [reason] to think, he Cer- 
tainly Opened & Suppress'd [them], and the rather as when he 

500 Sir William Johnson Papers 

was questioned about [the] pacquet, he said he had sent it but 
coud not tell the Captain or Ships Name 

The Consequence of this, I sensibly feel having (after severe 
hardships for sev 11 . months past) a long and Severe winter to 
Struggle thro', with my family, which, as I am not able to make 
the Necessary provision, I must Expect will be very Difficult, 
& tho' I have sent home full powers & Instructions last month, I 
cannot Expect a return or answer before June or July next, but 
if I can weather untill then, hope to have it in my power to go 
[on with] any thing I undertake, properly — - 

Lieut 1 . Frazer inform'd me that Woman [ 
part with her Concern for a Triffle, [ ] Lease 

for ever of that & y r . 500 Acres, at an easy Rent, [ 
Borrowing a Little from some friend, [ ] a Small 

beginning, untill I can gett a Supply of ] to Enable 

me to go on properly, and more largely — 

I beg your pardon for this Long Ep [istle ] 
& am Sir, with due Esteem & Respect 

Your Oblidged & most 
Obed 1 . Servant 

Dudley Davis 
M rs . Davis Joins me in Compliments and Respects [ 
That Lady is always very Liberal (rather profu[se with] her 
favors to me, an Instance of which I had last [ ] fort- 

night, in her presenting me with a Young [ ] big 

enough for a Soldier, which tho' it was a [ 
Unseasonable) my Circumstances Consider ['d 
refuse, and (if you will go my halves, he [ | Campbells 

Son and Heir for anothf ] Affair and my being 

this [ ] Kidney Gravel 

with which [ ] prevented my paying my 

Respects to you. 

INDORSED: Wednesday [ ] 

From M r . Dudley Davis 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 501 


New York Nov. 27/68 

I '] 

] so oblidging as to take [ 
] to) and keep it till tis in my Power 
] you the Cash (which hope twill not be long) 
] Sent home by the Dutchess of Gordon for 
SJterling which as Soon as tis arriv'd Shall Send 
] it to You and Likewise Every other Gentleman 
] am Indepted too. 
I Return you my Sincere thanks for the kind Reception met 
with at your house : hoping you & S r . John Conn 11 . Johnson & all 
your friends Enjoy your health 

& Remain 

Y r . Most humble Serv 1 

Benj n . Humphreys 
ADDRESSED: S r . Will" 1 . Johnson 

Johnsons H [all] 


A. L. S. 

[New York, November 28, 1768] 

I got here last Thursday after a disagreeable passage of Six 
days, and the next day was honored with Yours by Franck a 
Ya after two with the Letters herein Mentioned. 

The General being not yet returned, I apply'd to M r . Charles 
M c Evers for some Money untill the Warrants were Granted, 
which he readily complyed to and gave me £2900. by which 

1 Several lines missing. 

502 Sir William Johnson Papers 

means I am enabled to pay M r . Croghan & Funda, As the 
Gen 1 , is to be in Town a friday or Saturday at farthest shall 
stay here untill then, but shall send off what things | 
you wrote for [ Indian corn] is now Scarce having got but 
300 Bush [el ] comes in before the Sloop Sails, shall 

endeavour to [get the] remainder. 

The late Grand Affair which You so happily Settled, has so 
greatly Astonished your greatest Enemies that they are Scarcely 
recovered the Shock. 

I have just now delivered your Letters to Cap 1 . Davis who 
Sails this Afternoon, (Weather permitting) for London. I am 
afraid I shall not be able to get any Dollars, 30 thous d . being 
sent of Yesterday for the pay of the Troops at Boston but shall 
procure what Gold I can. I am with the greatest respect 

sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 

Your Most Obedient 
Humble servant 

Rob t . Adems 
[ ] Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: N York 28 th . Novb r . 1768 

M r . Adem's Letter — 


A. L. S. 

[Schenectady] the 28 th November 1768 
I ] 

[I had] the pleasure of Receiving yours of the 25 th & 27 th 
last Night agreeable to which I Send you the Inclosed Articles 
— I Cou'd get no better Yellow Flannel then this which I had 
from M r Mynderson 

I here Inclose you Pattrons Numbered & Priced — which 
please to keep by you, & Such as You Chuse only mentiond, 
the Number & Colour from which I Can Send them — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 503 

I also Send you two Silver Buttons I have Also Silver Chain 
— which would Match those Buttons — Gold Buttons I have 
none nor is there any in [town] I have plenty of mohair Basket 
Buttons which [ ] Used much, by this Post I have 

wrote to York [ ] Blue Cloth of One Side & 

Scarlet On the other [ ] will be up Soon — I have 

been Out about [ ] morning — & met with One 

which has been [ ] its painted, Prusian Blue & 

Seens [ ] the Owner demands £10 for it I shall 

give [ ] the best workman, the Iron & [ 

as Soon as I meet with an Opportunity [ ] 

Inclosed is your Account [ ] Balance due me 

£3468. .14..0%, those Articles [ ] day are not 

Included in this Account — Youll find [ ] last Account 

delivrd you on June 23 d 1 767 amounted to £10 [ 
drawn Out in two Separate Accounts — Should you Not 
the form of this One Right — please to point out 
a[ny] Other Method & it Shall be Immediately done I have 
not gave you the perticulars of Every Articles as Every thing 
of any Consequence. I always furnished you with [the] bill 
of percals — I hope upon Examination you. [will] find it 
Right — I Cant get more than One 11 [ ] Beeds Shall 

Send to Albany — & endeavor to get [ ] there — 

I am Glad I happned to have a [ ] Orranges by me 

there is no lemmons [ ] 

M rs Campbell joins [ ] best Compliments & 

am Dear Sir [William ] Your most Hble & Obed 1 Ser', 

[ ] 


Major Campbells Letter 
w*. his Ace 1 . 

504 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

[New York, November 28, 1768] 
I ] 

the General is Nott yett Return^, from Boston the Rason of 
his Stay is owng to Some of the Transports from Ireland Nott 
being arive d . Butt is Expected the Last of this Week, 

I have Seen Sir Henry Moor twist Sence I Came hear, & 
Din d . with him yesterday he has Inquierd of Me after y r . State 
of Helth after y r . Great Fetauge in the Most affectionat Maner 
and Likewise after Co 11 . Johnson and all the famelys So that 
No person Could Imgagen Butt the Strictest frendshipe Sub- 
sisted between you he aproves of all the purchess Made & 
Talkes of Writeing y r . honor & fixing a [Time] this Winter to 
go to Johnson Hall [ ] the Indians to acknoledge the Deeds 

] has prest d Me to go with him he [ 
Duchess of Gordon goes up this [ ] to pay you a 


[ ] 

] yesterday w h . S[ays] that the [ ] from 

falmoth the 12 th of oc br . there is [ ] werth 

menshoning the peple of Boston [ quieet Butt 

Grumbling So is a party [hear. The] asembly has been Siting 

Some Time But [ ] Nothing they have been Busied on 

Acou[nt] of Some Scrutanys in the Late Ellections 

Sir Henry Moor & his Council Wants M[uch] to have a 
plan from you fer Manidging the Indian Trade to Lay befere 
the asembly, w h . plan he [ | they will adopt Imeadatly 

Shold the General Come to Town before I [Leave] this will 
See him, and Write your honor [ ] by M r . Adems 

Plese to present My Complim ,s . to Sir J[ohn] Co". Johnson 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 505 

& Co 11 . Claose the Ladys & Gentl[ ] with you and 

Blive Me Dear Sir with [ ] Respect 

your Honors Most [ 

and Most H[ ] 

Geo[rge Croghan] 
To the Hon bIe . 

Sir William Johnson Barr 1 . 

indorsed : [ ] 

M r . Croghans Letter 


[New York, November 28, 1768] 

I ] 

days] ago I was Favour'd with your [ of the 14 th ] 
instant, by M r Adams your letter [of Sept] ember I also receiv'd 
desiring me to send [ ] £5000 in Dollars. This was 

not in my Power to do, and I have in my former letters to you 
in answer to Yours to me to send you money up the Country 
Acquainted you that I was bound by my Instructions not to Issue 
any money in my hands but by Warrants directed to me from 
the Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces, and not to 
Risque the Transporting money from place to place without his 
Special Orders, as all moneys I receive from the Contractors 
Agents is on Account of the Paymaster Gen 1 and when in my 
hands becomes his property, and is Subject to his Orders & 
Instructions to me which I am not at liberty to dispose of in 
any other manner than I am thereby directed [being] Account- 
able to the publick for the same [ ] I am to him, for 
the performance of which [ ] ample Security. 

I am extremely Sorry you should be [ ] distres'd, 

& that you have more trouble [ ] paid than any other 

Department I cannot Accuse myself of being 

506 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[in any way ] reasons neither 

[ ] knowledge what demand you [ 

General to carry on the Service, when [ ] Adams 

the £8000. Currency on your [ ] the Generals 


I shall as soon as I receive the General's Warrant pay M r 
Adams the Amount that [ ] and have given the Con- 

tractors Agent notice [ ] to be prepared for your further 

Demand, [as] I keep very little money by me to Answer the 
Extrary Services of the Forces, but receive it of him for the 
Generals Warrants for that Service [as it] comes to hand. 
I am with great Regard 

Your most Obedient and 
most Humble Servant 

Ab m Mortier 
Sir William Johnson Barn 1 . 

Mortier Esq r . 

Anno Domini 1 768 

bad paper to write upon 1 

INDORSED: M r . Mortiers letter 

Ans rd . 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 409, is listed a letter of November 28th 
from Dr Richard Shuckburgh, N. York, concerning Indian prayer books 
which Mr Gaine is printing and the advantage of sending to England 
those that require morocco binding, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:398- 
99; Q, 4:250-51.) 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 507 


A. L. S. 

[Albany, November 29, 1768] 

[ ] 

] thanks for You[r ] 

Indians in the Affair of the L[ands] [ ] 

obtain'd: — Colonel Croghan tells me they have inserted a 
Clause in their agreement with the Crown at the late Congress 
secureing to such person such Lands as they at that time gave 
Deeds ; You'l oblige me in sending the Words of that Article as 
I may perhaps be able to make some thing out of it to my advant- 
age & of some of my friends of which I shall take the liberty to 
inform You. 

Col. Croghan has had with me some further conversation on 
the affair of the Flatts; and I have by the last Post receiv'd full 
information that that affair may be [transacted with the greatest 
Security in the [ ] first propos'd; should You at 

any j proper] to enter upon it & think it [ ] 

present I will do myself the [ ] Your h[ouse 

I am 

[ ] 

[ 1 

INDORSED: [ ] Coll. Bradstreet 

A. L. S. 

Philadelphia Nov*. 29* 1768 

I ] 

We are collecting dollars with all possible dispatch in order 
to fulfill our Engagements on Account of the Indian purchase 
and I am in great hopes we shall nearly accomplish our Quantity 

1 A commissioner from Pennsylvania at the Fort Stanwix treaty. 

508 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in time however you may depend upon having the full Sum in 
time tho its very probable we maybe obliged to Make up some 
deficiency with half Jo s . as the dollars are extremely scarce I 
must again [ ] my very sincere thanks for the Civilities 

we received at Fort Stanwix And as I am thoroughly sensible 
of the great pains you were at in transacting the Propietary 
purchase, I shall endeavour to impress on them due 
of the obligations they are under to you on [that occjasion. As 
I think you told us the Indians chose [to treat with] the Pro- 
pietary s themselves and not the Crown [for Pennsylvanie] 
Lands, It may be proper to mention [ ] yourself as 

I shall. I most heartily wish | 

Y r Most Ob' Servant 

James Tilghman 

[ ] NSON 

INDORSED: [ ] letter 

[ ] y e - purchase money 

Ans d . 21 st Dec r . 


A. L. S. 
[Schenectady, December 4, 1768] 

[ l 

[ ] expect will be next Saturday [ 

encouraged him to undertake inoculation at Ten Shillings a 
piece, which will put it in the Power of most people to use suc- 
cessfully I hope so salutary a Means but to such as your Honor 
shall point out as real Objects the Expence shall be lessened to 
the bear value of the Drugs used. He has had much Experience 
under me and carries with him Cautions & Directions but if your 
Honor woud please to shew him the Pamphlet on Inoculation it 
might assist him in directing the Diet. 

I wish your Honor may not neglect the Use of your Pills too 
long as the least Threats of your Distemper should be noticed 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 509 

and every Means timely used to prevent a Fit You will I hope 
excuse this Hint and believe me with greatest respect your 
very hble and 

obedient Servant 

John Constable 


Sir William Johnson Bart 
att Johnson Hall 


New-York Dec. 4 th . 1768. 
Dear Sir, 

It is time I should return you Thanks for your Letters of 
Sep 1 . 30 th and /3 th Oct r . which were transmitted to Boston where 
I received them. In the first you inclosed a Paper of Intelligence 
given you by a Delaware Indian from the Ilinois, with a Speech 
to the Indians of S f . Joseph's, said to have been delivered by a 
French-Man in the Name of the Spaniards. The Letters from 
the Indian Country are constantly full of the Machinations of 
the French and Spaniards and Disaffection of the Indians. The 
Indians must be sensible already of the false assurances given 
in the above Speech and I trust it will have no bad Consequence. 

I am glad you acquainted the Indians with our Design to with- 
draw the Garrison of Ontario. This Province has not yet taken 
any Resolution concerning that Post. So I must wait Some 
time longer before the Garrison is ordered to remove. I am 
informed the heavy Artillery and Stores are carried away. 

What you propose to me in your Favor of 13 th . Oct r . con- 
cerning Lieu 1 . M c Dougal, I think may be very usefull tho' it 
will require a good deal of Management to bring the Detroit 
Militia to execute all our Designs. I shall consider in what 
Manner Lieu'. M c Dougal can be appointed to that Command 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

510 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

without Clashing with other Appointments in the upper Country, 
which must be avoided if it is possible, but I mean to follow 
your Advice in this Affair, as far as I can. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient 
Humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar'. 

INDORSED: N York Decb r . 4 th . 1768 

Genr 1 Gages Letter 

A. L. S. 
[New York, December 5, 1768] 

Inclosed you have a List of Sundrys sent on Board the Capt s . 
Pemberton and Roseboom, the former Sailed from this last 
Wednesday & the latter on Saturday. 

The General returned last thursday Evening, but has granted 
no Warrant yet, however Expect it soon as I am to wait on him 
today, the 2 Hogsheads of Oysters which You Ordered, M r . 
Cartwright had sent for before I got to Albany which hope you 
have received, there is now a Vessel come in with Indian Corn 
but cannot buy any, as the Albany Sloops are all gone there 

[ ] 

as soon as I receive the Money [ ] first Sloop 

that Sails either for Poughkee[psie I am with the greatest 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 

Your Most Obedient 
Humble servant 

Rob t Adems 
[ ] N Bar 1 . 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 511 

INDORSED: M r . Rb*. Adems Letter 

w th . a Memord m . of Stores 

Memorandum of Stores 

[ ] 

] Molasses 
] Barrels Loaf Sugar 
[ ] d°. Brown d°. 

,3 Boxes Spermacittae Candles 
No. 2 a Teirce w fh . Gammons 

4 a Cask of Taunton Ale 

5 a Keg w th . Cheese 

6 a Box w th . Pickled Oysters 
7.8.10 three Kegs w th . Pickles 

12 & 13 two Casks w th . red Port 

15 a Case w tl \ Brandy 

16 a d°. w tfl . Geneva 
300 Bushels Ind*. Corn 

On Board of Roseboom 
2 Hogshds rum 
12 Barrels Syder 

A. L. S. 1 

New york Dec r . 5 lh 1768 
Dear Sir, 

On my Arrival at this Place from Boston on the first Ins 1 :, I 
was favored with your Several Letters of the /3 th : /8 th : and 
20 th : of Nov:. 

The two Accounts transmitted in the first will be settled as 
fast as possible 

The Inclosures in your Letter of the /8 th : of Nov r . with other 
Letters and Advices which I have received, do indeed astonish 
me exceedingly. As I find an Affair of Justice on a Person 
accused of the most heinous Crimes, is turned into an Affair of 

In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

5 1 2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Party and Faction. It is not now the time for any People con- 
cerned in the Prosecution or Defence of Major Rogers to prefer 
any thing against him or for him. Every thing they had to say 
should have been laid properly before the Court- Martial, and 
Nothing Said afterwards, as it can be of no use. What you 
observe concerning Ainse is very just. 

I hope your Representations to the Shawnese and Delawares 
concerning the Behavior of the Indians on the ouabache, will 
have all the good Effects that may be expected from the Con- 
nections between them and that an effectual Stop will be put 
to the too frequent Murthers the Savages of the Ouabache have 
been guilty of. 

The order given out at Niagara transmitted in your Letter of 
the 20 th . Ul mo : was very precipitate, but I think it was explained 
before to Cap 1 . Brown, that the Indian officers were to remain 
some time longer; however it must be remedied if not already 

It is certainly absolutely Necessary to keep up Smiths and 
Interpreters at the great Posts, and I apprehend the Board of 
Trade meant they should and gave a certain Sum for all 
Indian Expences in which the Pay of those officers were to be 

I am with great Regard, 
D r Sir 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar*. 

INDORSED: N York Decb r . 5 th . 1768 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 513 


L. S. 1 

New york Dec r . 5 ih 1768. 
Dear Sir, 

I had the honor to receive your Letter of 24 th . Ul mo on the 
3 d Ins 1 : together with Some Extracts of the Transactions at the 
late Treaty with the Indians at Fort Stanwix, and a Copy of 
the Indian Deed of Cession to His Majesty. 

I congratulate you very sincerely, that after the infinite Pains 
and trouble you have had in bringing this difficult Business to a 
Conclusion, you have at length Settled it so much to your Satis- 
faction and I doubt not equaly Satisfactory to the Indians and 
the Several Provinces concerned. 

It is to be hoped that the fixing of the Boundary at the 
Cherokee River will not be the Occasion of future Quarrells 
with the Southern Indians; for whatever Pretensions the Six 
Nations May have to the Territorys claimed by them on that 
Side, if our Provinces should ever pretend a Right to those 
Lands in Consequence of this Cession of the Six Nations, it 
seems most probable that a Quarrell will ensue with the Southern 
Nations, who by no Means admit of these Claims of the Six Na- 
tions. This Circumstance was taken Notice of in the Report 
of the Board of Trade on the Subject of the Boundary. 2 There- 
fore I trust, notwithstanding the present Cession that proper 
Care will be taken to prevent the Provinces from availing them- 
selves of it to the Prejudice of the Southern Nations; so as to 
be productive of Quarrells with them. 

I always apprehended those Missionaries whom you mention, 
had Lucre more at Heart than Religion, and I find their Hipo- 
crisy is now laid open and hope you will entirely defeat their 
Projects, You certainly ought to make known their Practices 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 
2 Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:19-34. 

514 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and discover their Hipocrosy, that the Pulick may not be 
deceived by their Artifices. 

Proper Laws should no doubt be now thought of to preserve 
the late Treaty inviolable, that the Indians may have no further 
Cause of Complaint for Trespasses on their Lands. They 
should be clear and explicit and Severe Penalties inflicted on 
all who transgress them, but after all, if they are not better 
executed than the rest of the Laws, they will be of little use. 

I have not yet had time to peruse the Extract of the Treaty 
which you have been So good to transmit me, but have seen 
enough to be Satisfied of the Trouble you have had, and the 
Difficultys you had to encounter. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

Tho\ Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 : 

INDORSED: N York Decb r . 5 th , 1768 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

A. L. S. 
New York [December 5, 1768] 

I had the honor to receive yours from Fort Stanwix, & to hear 
by Col°. Croghan that you were safe returned & had finished the 
Congress which was verry important greatly to the satisfaction of 
all Sides, & much to your own honor, which makes me verry 
happy, as the Friendship you have shewn me, makes me look on 
myself as interested in every think that happens you — 

I hope you will now be able to give orders for paying the Bills 
I mentioned to you before vizt. Cap 1 Spicemakers Bill of 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 515 


] August last for Indian Presents 
] Bill for an Interpeter 

] B. Roberts's Bill on you dated 
] last 







. 9. 
. 7. 


£583.. 16.. 4 
[ ] have lain long in my Hands [ ] 

so that I hope you will do [ ] 

I received a Letter last [ Lieut.] Galland at Fort 

Stanwix, in which [ ] of great damage done him 

by the Ind[ians, who have] killed and carryed off Three good 
Cows, & a M [are] & Colt from him, burned all the Fences [ ] 
his garden, all the Pickett of the Fort [ ] one of the Houses 

in the Fort. I hope it will be in your power to pay this poor 
good Man for his Horses & Cows, I have spoke to Gen 1 Gage 
about it, & he says it rests with you to do it, & put it in your Ac- 
counts [ ] thinks the poor Man ought to be paid 
find M r . Galland has wrote you about & I knew 
your readyness to assist a g[ood] Man in distress will plead 
strongly [ ] M r Galland, so shall say no more 
of [ ] 

We have not a word of News [ ] Packett 

hourly expected. I am [ 


Y' [ ] 

[ ] 

Sir Will Johnson Bar 1 

INDORSED: New York [ ] 

Hugh Wallaces Letter w th . 
some Acc ,s . amt§. to 
£583.. 16.. 4 
Ans' d . 10b r . 12 th . that I wd 
lay his Ace 1 , before y e . genr 1 . as 

5 1 6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Soon as I rec d . it, & when Ans rd . 
by him, would pay it imediately. 
I sent him a paragraph of Cap*. 
Spicemakers letter, promising to 
Send me y e . Ace 1 , from Montreal 1 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 6 th D[ecemher] 

Enclosed is the accounts of the Heyson Tea & Crimson 
Velvet your pleasure Slay will be finished the latter End of this 
Week, this morning I have been Speaking with M r Vandersson 
the House Painter to know his price he Says if its done plain 
— it will Cost 30/ — & if you have your Arms on the Backe it 
will Cost 50/ — if your approve of the latter — please to Send 
me, One of those papers which I Saw Laying in your study — 
that your Arms were printed [ ] by which I belive he 

will be Able to make [some] thing like it — I have wrote to 
Montreal Concering [ ] parts — As Yet no Opportunity 

offers to get the [ ] 

I am Dear Sir with Great 

Respect your most humb e 

Daniel Campbell 
] Baronet 

Major Campbells letter 
w lh . some Articles 

1 Indorsement in Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 517 


Philadelphia 6 Dec' 1768 
Honourd and Dear Sir 

I had so many friends at New York, and it is probably the 
last time that I shall have an Opportunity of seeing them, that it 
took me up ten days to Satisfy the demands of friendship. Since 
I came here Arrears of Business & a close attention to my Pas- 
toral Duty have engagd me entirely. 

I now set down to thank you, Dear Sir, for the many kind- 
nesses you was pleased to do to me. 2 We have all a very deep 
Sensibility of your goodness and shall esteem it the greatest hap- 
piness of our Lives to give you our testimonies of it. 

M r Penn shall be fully made acquainted w th your attention 
to his Interest & the prudence & Zeal with which you transacted 
that part of the Business in which he was concerned. 

I leave it to M r Tighlman as being properly within his De- 
partment to inform you of the preparations making for the 
getting and sending by Col. Francis the Sum stipulated to be put 
into your hands. He has already wrote to you, & every thing 
is going forward as well as it possibly can. 

I have been so happy as to engage two young men of good 
Parentage & Education, having been brought up here under 
our own Eye & in our own Academy. They are Youths of 
the German Nation turned of twenty years pious well stored 
with human Literature & disposd to be useful in the promotion 
of Religion amongst the Indians. They will very easily learn 
the Indian Language they already speak both German & English 
they will conform to the Service of the Church of England & if 
they prove agreable & have your Recomendations they will 
apply for Orders in the Church & go over to the Societys dis- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 Richard Peters was one of the commissioners from Pennsylvania 
present at the Fort Stanwix congress. 

518 Sir William Johnson Papers 

posal. This I think is a great matter & I esteem myself 
peculiarly fortunate in finding these two worthy young Students. 

I am obligd to Mr Muylenberg for this expeditious Provi- 
sion One is his own Son M r Peter Muylenberg 1 who has had 
a double Education both here & in Germany. The other is one 
M r Christian Streight 2 who last week took his Batchelors Degree 
at our Commencement. Please to let me know particularly 
when I shall send them to you & where you chuse they shud be, 
y' I may inform the Society at home & that our Letters may be 
of one & the same Tenor. I have communicated this Matter 
to D r Smith but as he is not at home I cannot shew him this 
Letter. I will talk further with him on the Subject & get him 
to joyn with me in a Letter to you when we are favourd with 
your Sentiments about these two Persons how you will dispose 
of them & when you woud have them come to you. 

My very hearty & affectionate Regard will always attend 
M r Guy Johnson whose cheerfulness & goodness to us has made 
Impression that time will not efface but dispose us to love him 
& esteem him always. M r Clause is likewise thanked very 
heartily & desird to accept of our sincere & kindest remembrance. 
May God pour his peculiar Blessings on you & continue you a 
general Blessing to your Country & a particular happiness to 
your Connections. 

I am 

Hon d & D r Sir 

Very sincerely Y". 

Richard Peters 

INDORSED: 6 th . Dec r . 1768 

From the Rev d . M r Peters 

1 Later, a general in the Revolution and member of the 1 st, 3d and 6th 

2 Christian Streit (Streyt), who is classified as Swedish Lutheran, was 
graduated at the College of Philadelphia in 1 768. He served congre- 
gations in Pennsylvania, South Carolina and Virginia. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 519 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 410, is listed, under New York, December 
6th, General Thomas Gage's warrant to Abraham Mortier for paying 
£7200, 17s, 4d to Sir William Johnson; and under December 7th his 
warrant to pay £905, 1 7s, 6]/4d. Both destroyed by fire. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 410, is listed, under Schenectady, Decem- 
ber 6th, a letter from John Brown about ceiling the church and other 
details of its completion (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:399-400; Q, 


[Johnson Hall, Dec. 6, 1768] 

] Gov r . Penn, who was called away [so soon 
rom Fort Stanwix] by the Affairs of his Province that I had 
] to Answer it being then, as well as ever since, 
beyond expression by the Indians, of whom 
at Least assembled about 3 1 00, The Greatest 
number [that] has ever be known to meet in these parts, and 
altho' [one] of the principal Nations came much out of 
[hu]mour, having been invited by the French & Spanards [to] 
a Meeting Near the Misisipi, to obstruct the Treaty I had so 
long proposed, yet I at last Succeeded in Obtaining a Very 
Advantagious boundary & Cession to the Crown, of which you 
are doubtless more particularly acquainted as I sent a Short 
Abstract to S r H Moore with [a] Copy of the Deed of Ses- 
sion — I got as favorable a boundary as possible for this 
province, but you know the Settlements & Purchases had already 
Extended so [far] to the Westward, and was come so close to 
their very [villages?] that much could not be expected that way 
& as I | they were for Limitting it very much to 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

520 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the [westward]. I Judged it best after running it from Sus- 
quehanna along [Tiananderha] to Canada Creek at Wood 
Creek to Stop there [ ] open 'till his Majestys 

pleasure be [known. Possijbly I may be enabled to obtain a 
[ ] the 2 Nations who are [ 

[ l ] 

for y e . Susquehanna Lands but [ 

proprietors of Pennsylv a . a very ] and 

Ind s . that the purchase money, (10,000 Do [liars) paid 

them imediately after the return of [ ] from the 

Congress, this effectually answer [ j purpose, and I 

am happy that every thing [ ] much to his advantage. — 

I am hardly yet disengaged from the [ | occasioned 

by the Treaty & my Long absence [ Shall be 

very Glad to hear from you, & in the [ ] assure you 

that I am always most Sincerely 

Your most Obe[ 

& very humble [ ] 

Df. 2 

[Johnson Hall Dec. 7, 1768] 

[ ] 

] favor of your [ 
that my little services in the late Land affairs [ 
to you. — The Indians have at the late [ 
settling the Boundary line excepted all their [ 
Lands and also all such Lands as they had at that [time 
agreed to dispose of, I inclose you a Copy of [that] part of their 
Speech and the same is likewise inserted [in] the Deed of Ces- 
sion wch they Executed to his Majesty. — 

The Mohocks repeatedly applied to me that their Lands 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 In Guy Johnson's handwriting, excepting two brief interlineations. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 521 

there might be effectually secured to them, and the Governor 
has had it under Consideration of which [ told Col. 

Croghan to inform you. — According as the Indians settled it 
at the late Treaty it is to be secured by some Act of the Legis- 
lature to them & their heirs for ever ; done in Several of the other 
Colonies — in which case as I take it they will be barred from 
disposing but not from Leasing of their property, This point 
requires consideration, and might be inlarged upon, at present 
I have only time to add my Assurances of [ you 

my best Assistance on the affairs you Mention | | they 

Shall be thought elligible, and that I shall [ glad to 

see you at my House on these or any [other occasjions. — 
As I am 

A. L. S. 1 

Philadelphia 7 th Dec 1768 
My dear Sir 

I have had a great deal of discourse with M r Murray on the 
Subject of the Liberty he has given him, by the Society to 
remove to Schenectady. He is lately married and with a good 
& reputable Family of this City. She is a Sister of M r John 
Ross an eminent Lawyer of a long standing here. He has 
numerous Relations & has taken his Wife with him to Reading, 
where his Mission now is. He is as I told you not overburdend 
with Zeal but is a Gentleman of good Sense & sprightly Con- 
versation — he is about or near 40 years of Age and well fur- 
nished with Learning. He desires to know something about 
the Congregation of Schenectady, what or if any Subscription 
is made for the Missionary by the Members of that Church, 
whether there be an House or Plantation appropriated to the 
Church. He thinks he coud render himself useful & agreable 
to you and the Congregation & if he can get his Wifes Consent 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

522 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to remove there he shoud think himself happy. He desires to 
know these particulars that they may be mentiond to his Wife 
& her Relations who will be loath to part with her. 

If any thing occurs to you wherein I can do the Church any 
Service, or contribute to your Comfort, or promote the Knowl- 
edge of sober useful Religion to my old Acquaintances among 
the Indians it will give me a very great pleasure. Please to 
remember me to such of the Indian Chiefs as they occasionally 
come to visit you. I am 

My much Honourd & Dear Sir 
Your most affectionate 
humble Servant 

Richard Peters 
M r Murray has 
a Scotch Accent 


The Honourable Sir William 
Johnson Baronet 
at Johnson Hall 
above Albany 
in New York 

From the Rev d . M r Peters. 

A. L. S. 

[Fort Ontario, Dec. 9, 1768] 

I ] 

[ ] Place tho there has been more Indians here 

than] was known to come the three past, I have not been 

]ded in carrying on the business of my Duty, for 

the Departm [ ] . The Commanding Officer Lieu*. 

Grant a Good officer, and a | | man, I Imagen confideing 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 523 

in Me, gives me a Discretionary [ ] to give provisions 

to Indians as I think necessary, which I believe [ con- 

tinued to me, if Not countermanded, by Orders from the General 
] Niagara, See in My last, Extracts from Captain 
Browns letters to Lieu'. [Grant] Comanding this Post, as I 
have no certainty to continue in this Service [ than 

the 24th March next I beg you will remember to inform me 
before [that] time, whether I am to be, or Not to be, a Serv f . 
to the Crown under you, or to [ | Province under who, 

Either of which, I lave Soly to your better Judgment [and] 
continued kindness, Ever present to a gratefull Mind in Me. — 
Or if you, only, under God, by whome I have & Still doe live 
like a Gentlm 11 [ ] not procure me an Employ, under the 

King or Government here, I would [glad]ly goe & live in your 
Neibourhood, within the distance of half a days [ 
or walk to your House, from thence return at Night, Even to a 
indiff [erent] place, that I could with propperty call my Home, 
where I could [ ] and Spitt in My Owne Asshes. — 

I know that I am as good a [man?] as any in the Province, and 
if I had a place, I could call my [own I] would creep, & Im- 
prove, by degrees, rise Errect & be a nown [substan]tive. and 
consequently independant & contented, which is the [ 
point in view to happiness, if anny this Side the Grave. [ 
not Expect to heer from you, or yours, this winter, please make 
] them, they have my all good wishes, My Mind 
is [ ] belive Me Dear Sir Ever to be Your 

acknowledging faithful, and 

[ i 

[ ] 

524 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall, Dec. 9, 1768] 
I ] 

[ ] te you Sev 1 Letters the last of which 

] 24th of November with inclosures which I hope 
you have [ ] and that this Will find you returned to 

New York — I now inclose you the Acct of Expenses attend- 
ing the late Treaty for the Am* of wch I beg the fav r of y r 
Warr 1 . which tho' at first View it may seem large will on a due 
Consideration of the length of time attending it, the Number 
of Indians, and the Great Extent and Value of the Cession be 
found Very Moderate; 

This goes by Major Gorham who amongst other things tells 
me that there are about 6000 stand of French arms lying useless 
& spoiling in the Arsenal at Halifax some part of which if occa- 
sionally given out to the Ind s . of Nova Scotia would be very 
seasonable & acceptable to them and would create a Saving of 
Expence which I submit to Your Consideration. — 

I have lately received a Letter from the Earl of Hillsborough 
inclosing me a Copy of a Report of the board of Trade, with 
Memorials &ca relating to an application [for] a Grant of the 
Mines about Lake Superior, & desiring [ ] opinion 

| find that the Same is laid before you for yours which 
if favorable, the Affair will be ]th Settled, & some 

persons of consequence in England [ ] concerned in 

it, | j I should be glad to hear from you [ 

if we agree in sentiments in the matter [ ] be 

soon Settled with the Ind[ians] 

I ] 

the Quantity and Value [ 

Lieut Patt Sinclair concerning His 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 525 

Servant who was killed [ ] requesting that he may 

have some allow [ance ] I submit it to your consideration 

whether [ ] him any or what Sum as a Restitution 

for [ ] 

Just as I had ended this I reced [ ] from Michili- 

mackinac wherein Capt [Glasier ] me some particulars of 

the Artifices of the [French and] Spaniards, (corroborating w l . 
I have often wrote upon) of discoveries he had made con- 
cert ning Rogers'] Schemes to the Westward, &ca &ca but I 
need [not ] particularize these Matters as I suppose he 

] them in the Letter to you which I send by Major 

A. L. S. 

[Monireall, Dec. 10, 1768] 

I ] 

] since which time he [ ] 

] letter came to hand, or whether a Refer- 
ence [is come] to You from England — If such Reference is 
[not come] to Your Hands I apprehend the Affair is finished 
] and shall take Measures accordingly. If a Ref- 
erence [has] been sent You, I shall govern myself from the 
Report [you] are pleased to make and Your Directions, so that 
the Company's concerns may be carried on with Oeconomy and 
to the best advantage. 

On my Arrival at Montreall I was ordered to attend at the 
Tryall of Major Rogers, and to give Evidence of what I knew 
concerning him, when in the Course of the Tryall I was asked 
to give the Character of Joseph Hans, 1 a Frenchman, who 
resided at Michilimakinac when the Fort was cut off in the Year 
1 763 — I doubt not but You have heard a Character of him 
before, but least it shou'd have slipt Your Memory I here 
Enclose You a Copy of my Affidavit, which was left with 

1 Joseph Louis Ainse. 

526 Sir William Johnson Papers 

General Gage by the Generals Desire, at the time We arrived 
from Michilimakinac, as he intended to make an Example of 
those who behaved ill — I likewise send You the [substance] of 
the Affidavit that was made against him by [Casper] Cosmer, a 
Corporall in the Royall American Regiment [ ] the 

Massacre that was committed in the Fort [ Expect- 

ing to be call'd to Account for hill ill 1 [ ] Fort of 

Michilimakinac as soon as [ ] coming, and went 

to S l Joseph [ ] S l . Josephs and [ ] 

[ ] 

into the Fort who told [ ] obliged to take 

him up and [ ] 

Soon after I left Michilimakinac [ ] He came 

into the Fort and has lived [ ] Behaviour by 

being made Kings [ ] been brought to Montreall. 

and Intro [duced to] M r Roberts, and M r Goddard, as a Man 
of [ ] Reputation — 

In Consequence of the Aff [idavit ] him he was committed to 
Prison, but from [ ] that has been given him. He 

is admitted the Chief Justice is of Opinion that he may 
[ ] for says he any Person committing a Crime [with- 

out the] Limits of a Provence cannot be tryed for [ 
Provences whatever, so that all beyond the [ ] Prov- 

ences is an Asylum for Villany — 

Hans at present draws his Provision as] Indian Interpreter — 
And although I [ | to do him an Injury, Yet I think 

for as well as the General Good, I shou'd 

] Man, not to Endeavour to prevent [ 
at Michilimakinac — Capt Spie[smacher ] very 
little knowledge of him [ ] can be their Reasons 

for Sup[ ] they do, astonishes [ ] 

known to themsel[ 

[ ] 

Your most Obed 1 Hble Ser vt 

Henry Bostwick 

1 "For his ill" was evidently intended. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 527 

Deposition of Henry Bostwick now residing at Montreall in the 
Province of Quebec who Testyfieth and saith that on the Second 
day of June 1 763 He this Deponent being at his House at 
Michilimakinac Louis Joseph Hans, a French Resident at said 
place came into the Garret of said House with a great number of 
Indians in a forceable Riotous manner in which Garret this 
Deponent then was concealed for fear of the Indians and the 
said Hans with the said Indians did then and there Feloniously 
and Fraudulently take Steal and carry away from | 
Deponent, a great Quantity of Indian Corn Peletries | 
Merchandise, to the amount of several Thousand pounds 
] deponent being in fear that the said Indians woud 
kill [him ]ed the said Hans to interpose in his Favour, 

and [ ] Indians from doing this Deponent any 

Injury [ ] the said Hans made Signs to an 

Indian [ ] this Deponent, as this Deponint then 

[ ] Indian did then attempt to kill 

[him ] 

bad one. Court asked h[ 

1 When the Disturbance [ the Year 

1 763 I had just come off [ ] refresh me on hear- 

ing a Noise that was [ ] to the Window, and 

there saw the Indians [ Soldiers of the 

Garrison — I put my Mus[quet] Window with an intention 
to have fired [ ] but was prevented by a Soldier 

who was in [ ] me — and we attempted to get out 

a back way, [ ] was and to find our Officers, on 

going I found [ Comrades who was Tomy- 

hawk'd, laying ] and saw the Fort full of Indians 

and Fr[enchmen?] in running from House to House — I took 
[ ] who was tomyhawk'd and carryed him 

un[ ] way into a House near to M r Bostwicks 

] my Shirt and tying up the Wounds of my 

[ ] 

1 Casper Cosmer's deposition follows. 

528 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I looked through a Window where I w[ ] done in 

the Fort — and there I saw Hans [ ] very busy in 

taking away the Napsacks, [ ] belonging to the 

Soldiers — And I saw Hans [ go into M r Bost- 

wicks House and come [ ] with Goods which 

he carryed to his own [ ] One Load he came out 

with was Stroud [ ] lead a Soldier out of another 

[House ] the Indians as a Prisoner 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 

Johnson Hall 
INDORSED: Montreall [ ] 

From M r [Bostwick] 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall Dec r . 10 th 1768. 

I had the pleasure of receive your letter of the 20 th June in 
Sept r . Just before I set out to Hold the General Treaty with 
the Northern Indians for settling a boundary line between them 
and the American Colonies, and as my Stay there was much 
longer than I expected, and the trouble and difficulties which 
attended it engrossed my whole time I was obliged to deferr an 
answer until my return home. 

I am very happy to find from your Letter that the Reverend 
Society have agreed to the purchase of y e late D r Barclays 
Farm &ca & that they approve of my little endeavors here on 
behalf of Religion, and I must request that they will accept 
of my most respectfull regards, and Sincerest Wishes for the 
success of their pious designs. — 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 529 

Whilst I rejoyce at every establishment they make for the 
Christianizing the Indians, and encreasing the Members of the 
Church of England, I cannot help lamenting the unhappy dis- 
advantages under which it labours thro' the Want of an Episco- 
pate in America. The reasonableness of such establishm'. and 
the distresses which are occasioned thro' this want have been so 
fully described that I need not to enlarge upon them but I 
become daily more Sensible of these truths from the conduct of 
those of other denominations, whose religious principles are so 
far from being adapted to our constitution, that they cannot omit 
any opportunity of raising and strengthening themselves till they 
finally acquire a Superiority in all Matters Religious & Civil the 
event of which may be easily foreseen, and a Variety of dis- 
putes perhaps a Religious War in future can only be prevented 
by giving the Established Religion such present countenance and 
Support, as there is no reason to think they will ever make a 
bad use of, for (different from the Views of others) They will 
have all they want in possessing their own Religion, according 
to its Rights and Institutions. — In short we cannot have a 
Clergy here without an Episcopate, & This want as it has occa- 
sioned many to embrace other persuasions, will oblige greater 
Numbers to follow their Example of which the Dissenters are 
very sensible, and by pretended fears of Episcopal power, as 
well as by Magnifying their own Numbers and Lessening ours 
give it all possible opposition, — The fund they lately raised in 
England will Answer various purposes, They have long had 
an Eye on part of Pennsylvania in virtue of an Absurd Claim, 
and they seldom Lose sight of a favorite Object, of which I shall 
give a recent Instance. 

The late Treaty for the boundary line was thought the only 
Salutary Measure for preventing disputes about Encroachments 
I received his Majestys Orders for the Settlement of it, & the 
same was much desired by the Colonies concerned Nevertheless 
Missionaries came up from N England with a View to obstruct 
it, One of them strongly recommended to Me by M r Wheelock 

530 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

of Connecticut with his Collegue Memorialled me that the Line 
should not be Extended to the North or West, but reserved for 
the purposes of their Religious Plan, previous to which they 
went amongst the Oneidas, and used all the Arguments in their 
power to dissuade them from agreeing to the Line proposed, & 
afterwards on sev 1 . occasions publickly avowed they had done 
so, in the presence of Sev 1 . Gentlemen of Character who 
attended the Treaty to whom they declared that they wo a . still 
continue to give it all the Obstruction in their power in which 
they were as good as their Words tho' I prevailed over all their 
Artifices, obtained a Secure boundary & an Advantagious & 
Extensive Cession of Lands to the Crown. — The Arguments 
they made use of in private amongst the Ind s . their misrepresenta- 
tions of our Religion, & the Extraordinary private Instructions 
of M r . Wheelock of wch I am accidentally possessed would 
shew them in a very odd Light, I write this for the Societys 
information knowing at the same time that if it were public it 
would draw upon me a great deal of Scurrility of which they 
are but too Liberal, whenever their Schemes are attacked, or 
laid open to the publick. 

I think I have now fallen upon a Measure for obtains, a Very 
handsome & Valuable Tract for the purposes of Religion in this 
Province — Some Gentlemen having applied to purchase a Very 
large Tract of Land adjoyning to my Estate here & Extending 
from the rear of the Patented Lands near Conajoharee to 
Sacondaga, (a Branch of Hudsons within 12 miles of the 
Mohock River) I became concerned with them with a View to 
obtaining a Part in So Valuable a situation for the use of the 
Church and have settled the purchase, my Share in Which cost 
£100 & is about 20,000 acres There are many Gentlemen who 
wo d . now give a large Sum for the Indian purchase & take out 
the Patent themselves, but as I have reason to think that the 
Society have interest enough to obtain the Kings Grant for it 
with a remission of the high fees paid here on taking out Patents, 
& that as I presume they might obtain it free of Quit rent, or on 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 531 

some slender Acknowledgment, I will in case they can obtain his 
Majestys Grant freely make a Gift of the Indian purchase to be 
Vested in the Society until the appointment of an Episcopate, 
& then to go towards a Provision for that Establishment, — If 
this is approved of I will send them a full Description of the 
Land to enable them to take out the Grant, and I am sensible 
from its Quality and situation it will Yield at Least £100 Ster 
<P Ann within 10 Years probably in much Less time, When- 
ever the boundary Line is closed to the Northward a Larger 
Tract may be obtained but this is so much better situated that it 
is more imediately worth attention. — I find it is extremely dif- 
ficult if not impracticable to Get Clergymen here to Supply the 
Missions, I wish M r Seabury may incline to accept of one, of 
them, Another difficulty arises about School Masters who are 
Extremely necessary particularly that at the Mohocks, & Cona- 
joharee but I find none who are in the Least Qualified that w d . 
undertake that Office for Less than ab f . £25 Str T 5 A. however 
as I write to D r . Auchmuty on this Subject I may for the present 
decline adding says anything farther than that I am 

with Sincere regard 


D R D Burton 

indorsed: Dec r . 10 th 1768 — 

To D r D Burton 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 410, is listed a letter of December 10th 
to General Gage, introducing Mr Adair, who has prepared a manuscript 
on the " Manners Customs and History of the Southern Indians, tending 
to prove their descent from the Hebrews." (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:400-1 ;Q, 4:251-52.) 

532 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Albany, Dec. II, 1768] 

about 12 this day your Man bro 1 me your Letter of Yester- 
day, — The Schenectady Mail I sent off Yesterday Evening 
by M r Tobias Ten Eyck who was desired to leave it with M r . 
Phyn, but wether it contained any Letters for you I know not. 
I saw but one Letter for you this time, which came from Phila- 
delphia which Letter I inclosed to you with two Newspapers 
and desired M r . Ten Eyck likewise to leave them at M r . 
Phyns. — 

We are at present threadbare of News, when anything Tran- 
spire, I shall take pleasure in Communicating it. 

I remain with great respect 

Your most hu Servant 

Jn°- Monier 

P. S. its now a little after One O Clock 
the man setts off 


A. L. S. 

New York 11* Dec 1768 

The two Enclos'd Warrants were sent [from] the Generals 
Office on Saterday last, & [I take] the earliest Opportunity of 
Transmitting them together with the Receipts to be sign'd 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 533 

]ual. You may depend on my giving M r [Adems] all 
the Dispatch in my power on all [occasjions. 

I am with great Regard 
Your most Obedient and 
Most Humble Servant 

Ab m . Mortier 
[ ] Barr'. 


w th . Enclosures 
Ans rd . 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 12 th December 1768 

]ting with any Return Slays, & having half a 
load of [ ] Clauss. I have Hired the Bearer 

Abraham Groat to take [ ] loadg for which I am to 

pay him Twenty Shillings [ ] of which, I have 

Charged you & the Remainder to Col n [Claus] Inclosed is the 
Bill of Parcel Amounting to [ ]9. .5 I Should have 

waited longer for Return Slays but [ ] Weather 

Seems to Change, the Roads may Soon be impassable & the 
Iron probibly much wanted — 

M r M c Farlan is Arrived from York [yesjterday — he left 
four Sloops — all Froze up in the River [28] miles below 
Albany — at a Place Called Looningburg. 
Pemberton You have all your Winter Stores [ 
Quantity of Indian Corn being one of thos Sloops I Sopose this 
] heard before this — M rs Campbell begs [her 
rejspectfull Complements. & am Dear Sir Your 
obedient Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
indorsed: [ ] 

£16. .[ ] 

Ans rd . 1 

534 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York 12* Dec'. 1768 

Dear Sir 

I propose to write to M r . Jeffries by Cap* Richards who sails 
in about a fortnight or three Weeks for London I schoud be 
glad if you coud furnish me with any thing to Say to him rela- 
tive to the Power of Attorney &c I gave you from him or if you 
woud be pleasd to let me know whether you have wrote to him 
concerning them; else I can only [menjtion my delivering of 
them. I hope this may find you and all at the Hall well 
] likewise those at the River to whom [be pleased] 
to make my Comp lls . from your 

Most obligd humble Serv 1 . 

Rich Shuckburgh 

INDORSED: 12 th . Dec[ ] 

From D' Shuck [ ] 

Ansd. 22< 

A. L. S. 
[Schenactady, Dec. 13, 1768] 

l ] 

[ ] of the [ ] 

receivd with the [ ] extract of the late Treaty, 

which [ ] the tenor thereof I am of Opinion 

] have no objections to the Indians [ ]ing 

me a Deed of Gift instead of the [ ]mon Deed 

given) I shall be able to [ ] the Lands granted 

me, confir'd by [his] Majesty free of all Office Fees & Quit 
[Rents] Should I succeed, the precedient [may] Serve for 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 535 

I believe the Treaty when ratify 'd by [his] Majesty will be 
consider'd as securing [the] Flatts &a. to the Savages in the 
manner | ] ded — It is probable the New York 

[assem]bly, by some late resolves, will be dissolved 1 [ 
so nothing can be done in the matter [ ] and all things 

consider'd it would [ ] to let slip So good an opper- 

tunity as certainly fall into other hands 

] — when good Slaying comes [ 
pleasure to wait on [ ] great regard & esteem 

[ ] 

[ ] 

Df. 2 

[Johnson Hall, Dec. 16, 1768] 

I 1 

] delivered me your favor of the [ 1 3th inst. in 
answer to] my last with the inclosure, — I suppose [ 
you mean to apply for a Grant of free of Fees, [ 
are those already treated about a Deed [ ] could 

probably be obtained but I have a recent instance [ 
Crowns disapprobation of such like Deeds, as they [thou]ght it 
a dangerous precedent should any Man of influence amst the 
Ind s , hereafter avail himself thereof by taking up [ 
Large Tracts for that purpose. — 

The late Treaty when ratified will doubtless be considered as 
an effectual Security to the Indians of their dwelling places 
Flats, & Circumjacent Lands and I don't apprehend that [the 
present] Assembly will do any thing in it if the Cession is to be 

1 The assembly was dissolved on January 2d, 1 769, Governor Sir 
Henry Moore in his closing speech denouncing certain resolves of the 
assembly as " flatly repugnant to the laws of Great Britain." 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

536 Sir William Johnson Papers 

so Short. [nei]ther indeed can I see what can be done on the 
] you propose for sometime for reasons on wch I 
shall [ ] at our Meeting [ L when I shall farther 

enlarge on and explain all these matters, and shall be very glad 
of the opportunity of seeing you here as I am with great 




[ Johnson Hall Dec. 16, 1768] 
I ] 

] had the honor of writing you on the [9th inst. 
I] have had the pleasure of your 2 Letters of the [ 1 0th October? 
and] of the 4th Ins 1 , and I am glad to find by the [one last 
mentioned that you approve of what I took the liberty [of pro- 
posing concerning the Detroit Militia, — 

I hope that any Affair of party arising from the [late] pro- 
ceedings agt. Major Rogers may totally Subside, [if not] , it 
will be easy to See what keeps it up, — the Gentlemen con- 
cerned in the prosecution not having the same inducements to do 
him a prejudice as himself and sundry others have to Manifest 
his Innocence & induce the publick to deem the whole as a 
Malicious attack upon a Man of worth. Every thing that could 
possibly occurr to me was said to [the] Shawanese and Dela- 
wares as well at the Treaty, as at my house, and it appeared to 
have made a good impression on [them] from their Answers 
and observations on what I had said [to] them, And I gave 
them at their return Some additional [prese]nts, & sent them 
away as well Satisfied with the Whole of [the] Transactions as 
was in my power, for Notwithstanding their [dependency?] on 
the six Nations, their perfect accordation to the boundary 
in which Pennsylvania & Virginia are much 

1 Crossed out in the manuscript. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 537 

their Vicinity. — I sent the Interpreter back 
[ ] with orders to Capt M c Leod to purchase 

provisions [ ] Should be known, and I presume 

you will | ] these Matters as Capt Brown, seems 

to think [ ] the receipt of fresh ord[ers ] 

[ ] 

x That & other [ . ] cannot be 

Transacted [ ] through you was the 

very lowe[st on so as to give any attention at 

all to [Indian ] the Crown are Satisfied that some 

Attention I am convinced they will never be able to 

do Establishments or at so low a Rate as I 

[ ] 

I am much obliged to your kind Congratulation on the] 
Conclusion of the late Treaty, which I endeavor [ed 
advantagious to the Crown & publick as it [ ] I flatter 

myself that the proceedings which reg[ard the ] Continuation 
of the boundary to the Cherokee [River can have] no ill Effect, 
what I have done is only Vesting [the claim of] the Northern 
Ind s . (which wo d . always hang over th[at country) in the] 
Crown, — The Cherokees in my presence [and at my house 
many] Years ago, claimed no farther, & all the other N[ations 
have] ever considered that as the Six Nation bounds, [but 
should it] Now be viewed otherwise, The Principal Claim is 
[removed, and] the Crown has only to settle with the Southern 
[Indians concerning] it, and should they refuse to give it up, It 
[is in his majesty's] power to prevent the Colonies from avail- 
ing [themselves of the] late Cession in that Quarter, till it can 
[be done with safety] and the Common Consent of all who 
have [just pretensions to it] which I believe will be easily 
obtained The Commissioners on the part of 

that good Laws shall be E[nacted 
boundary these should [ ] 

1 This passage to the end of the paragraph seems to relate to the new 
scheme of managing Indian trade. 

538 Sir William Johnson Papers 

i ] 

] appear [ ] 

[ ] Zeal, It would Exceed [ ] 

[ ] to relate the many Arguments 

[ to] weaken the Chh of England which the 

[ ] ingeniously repeat afterwards, I have made the 

[Society for] propagats the Gospel, and sev 1 . of the Clergy &ca 
[acquaint] ed with a good deal of their Conduct — The objects 
they [have in] View and the Civil & Religious preeminence 
they are [ ]ally establishing demands the timely atten- 

tion of those [whose] business it is to promote the National 
Church, & secure its [rig]hts & priviledges. — 


[Johnson Hall, Dec. 16, 1768] 

[ ] yours of the 18th ult°. 

[ ] I was now enabled to Serve your 

friend [ ] With that View I am to inform you 

] boundary settled as far as it regards this 
Province | ] from Delaware North to Tienaderha Creek 

at Susquehanna [, up] that Creek & its Westerly branch, & 
thence to Canada Creek [at] Wood Creek West of Fort Stan- 
wix, and of Course there [ ] Lands now Vacant Ceded 

to the Crown eastward of that boundary & extending as far as 
to the patented Lands & late purchases but tho' the Lands so 
Vested in the Crown are of Large Extent, yet the Exact Quan- 
tity cannot be ascertained, neither can a Location be described 
until the Course of Tienaderha Creek is taken by Survey, — As 
I presume that this Province will (as the rest purpose to do) 
Survey the Courses of their Boundary the Nature & Extent of 
the Vacancy will then be fully known, [Then] M r . Upton may 
apply for his Tract in such part | | as shall appear to be 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 539 

best, and on which occasion I [will] give you every advice & 
Assistance necessary, as I shall [if] any other place may be 
discovered Vested in the [Crown which] will Answer his pur- 
pose. — 

pur] chase of the Whole Tract Ceded to his Majesty 
] in his Name & by his Authority, In what 
] whole be granted, I am as yet quite un- 
acquainted [ ] the View of a [ ] 

[ ] 


A. L. S. 1 

Philadelphia 17* Dec- 1768 
Honourd & Dear Sir 

I cant let M r M c Clay go with out repeating to you what I 
said at large in a letter last week, that I have a very high Sense 
of, and thankfulness to you for, the many Instances of Goodness 
& friendliness that you shewed me at Fort Stanwix y l the Pro- 
prietors are acquainted with the Zeal & faithfulness you exercisd 
in your Negotiations for them which must endear you very 
much to them. 

I woud be obliged to you for your Answer to the Points relat- 
ing to the Two young men & M r Murray of whom I wrote at 
large by the Post. 

I have but just time to let you know how much I love & esteem 
you & how gratefully my heart beats towards you. I am 


Your affectionate 

humble Servant 

Richard Peters 

INDORSED: Philadelphia Decb r . 

17*. 1768 — 

Parson Peter's Leter 
^ M r . M c . Clay 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

540 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York Dee. 19* 1768. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Favor dated Nov r . 9 th2 which I imagine 
a Mistake, and that was wrote on the 9 th Ins 1 , tho the Date does 
not appear to be Material. 

The Account of the Expences incurred at the late Treaty shall 
be paid as fast as the Contractors can procure Cash, which they 
have had Difficulty to do. The Expences created at Boston in 
order to procure Quarters for the Troops ordered thither, with 
the Sum required for the Expences of the Indian Treaty, has 
occasioned an Extraordinary Demand for Cash at a time when it 
is very Scarce. 

Major Goreham 3 has talked to me about the French Arms in 
the Arsenal at Halifax, and I think what you propose respect- 
ing them would be the best way of disposing of them to save 
New Expences. 

The inclosed Paper contains an Extract of my Letter to L d . 
Hillsborough concerning the Mines about Lake Superior, which 
I conceive to be a Project started by some to draw in others. It 
is not in Nature that such a Project could answer, did the Mines 
ever produce Virgin Copper in Lieu of Ore. 

To pay People for all Damages they may receive from 
Indians is impossible, and the Traders might with the Same 
Reason demand Payment for the Goods plundered by the In- 
dians upon the Ohio, as Lieu 1 . Sinclair demand Payment for 
his Servant. 

Cap*. Glazier has transmitted Copys of some Indian Speeches, 
and Mentions that French People pass his Post in their way to 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 December 9th in the Johnson Calendar. 

3 Major Joseph Gorham, deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs in 
Nova Scotia. 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 541 

the Mississippi where he hears the Spaniards are collecting a 
Set of Banditti, but referrs me to you for many particulars. The 
Troops Sent up by the Spaniards are mostly deserted, and it is 
not improbable they enlist all the Vagabond French they can 
find. 1 

I send some Letters for the Posts under your Cover which I 
beg the favor of you to Send Express to Niagara as soon as 
possible, as the answer I get from Niagara, will determine the 
Measures to be taken in the Spring, to send Provision to the 
Detroit, for I have yet no certain Accounts whether the 
Schooner run on shore at Sandusky will be of use or not the 
next year. 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 

S R : W M : Johnson Bar'. 

indorsed: N York Decb r . 19 th . 1768 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
w ,h . an Enclosure 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 41 1, is listed, under December 20th, New 
York, General Thomas Gage's warrant to Abraham Mortier for pay- 
ment to Sir William Johnson of £21,923, 2s, V/ic\, New York cur- 
rency, for the expenses of the Fort Stanwix treaty, including £17,932, 
7s, 9|/2d paid to the Six Nations for territory; account appended. De- 
stroyed by fire. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 411, is listed a letter of the 20th to the 
Earl of Hillsborough on the abundance and richness of Lake Superior 

1 For a French opinion of the Spanish soldiers arriving at New Orleans, 
see Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 11:1 83, ed. C. W. 
Alvord and C. E. Carter. 

542 Sir William Johnson Papers 

copper ore, costs of mining and conveying and measures for obtaining the 
Indians' consent to mining enterprises, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:920-23; Q, 2:533-34 and Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:140-42, 
under date of the 23d.) 


Johnson-hall Dec r . 2) st. 1768. 

Dear Sir 

I thank you for your Letter of the 14 th ult°. in Answer to 
mine of Sepf. and October last, and I hope you have since 
received my last of the 18th Nov r . 

I find with Concern that nothing is yet done touching an 
American Episcopate, and I think nothing can be effectual till 
that point is carried, as I plainly perceive that we cannot have a 
Clergy That is we cannot have as many as are necessary for 
performing the duties of Religion till then which alone and with- 
out considering any other wants, is a very Serious point. — I 
think it is a very great hardship & that so modest and reasonable 
a demand in favor of the National Church deserves an imediate 
Indulgence. — I have now wrote to the Society another Long 
Letter wherein I have urged this and given them many reasons 
for shewing that such an Establishment however it may be repre- 
sented will be the only means of preventing future disputes as 
the National Church wants only its Just Rights, properly 
secured, Whereas others whose Objects are power & preemi- 
nence Civil & Religious will on Seeing its Weak & defenceless 
State endeavor its destruction, to Compass which, means will 
finally be prosecuted that must drive its professors to despair & 
perhaps end in a Religious Quarrell which of all others ought 
to be avoided & guarded against — I have likewise mentioned 
the late Conduct of the Missionaries who were endeavoring to 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 543 

obstruct the proceedings at the late Treaty and you are at Lib- 
erty to make what use you please of it which you may do with- 
out mentioning Names as so many Gentlemen of Rank attended 
the Treaty that it might have come from any of them, & altho' 
I defy the utmost of their Malice, I would rather if possible 
avoid the Scurrility which I know they are capable of uttering 
whenever their Conduct is exposed to the public. I wish I had 
leisure to enlarge on this as I have besides w l . I before informed 
you discovered that they have endeavored in several dis- 
courses to place the Chh of England in the most disagreable 
Light before the Ind s & have made use of very Extraordinary 
arguments to that Effect to some Indians who have been edu- 
cated down the Country, are Good Protestants & capable if 
necessary of proving it on them, I have likewise become master 
of M r Wheelocks private Instructions to the Missy s which are 
of a very Extraordinary nature — I have now Made the Society 
another advantagious offer, and I hope they will avail themselves 
of it as it is now in their power, — It is of a Tract very near 
this place being part of a larger One lately Treated for with 
the Indians in which I took a Share containing 20,000 acres 
(The Ind n . purchase of which is about £100.) meerly with a 
View to the Offer I now make them of that Quantity clear of 
the Ind n - purchase to be Vested in the Society for the use of 
Missionaries &ca until the appointment of a Bishop, & then to 
go towards his Support, provided they will Apply for & obtain 
his Majestys Grant for it, which I am persuaded they have 
interest Enough to obtain on a very reasonable Lay perhaps 
with*, fees or Quitrent. and if it is managed with any Care will 
produce above £100 Str <P Ann in less than 8 Years. 

The Rev d . M r Peters has Just informed me by Letter that 
he has found 2 very promising German Youths who understand 
the English Language & have been well educated who are 
desirous of taking Orders & Coming as Missionarys ams'. the 
Ind s . — he proposes that they should first come up here & Learn 
the Indian Language, & has great hopes from their abilities and 
Inclination for that Charge, I should be glad to have your 

544 Sir William Johnson Papers 

thoughts upon it The Allow ce . made for the Mission or what 
other 1 In Writing to the society concerning the Missions & 
Schools here I mentioned that I should be more particular in my 
Letter to you, but I am really at a Loss what to say Whilst the 
Three approved Missions, at Schenectady, Fort Hunter and 
Johnstown remain vacant and what is Worse, no prospect of 
their being speedily filled. M r Seabury's Character has 
prejudiced me much in his favor, and I Wish for an Interview 
with him as it might I apprehend terminate in his settling here- 
abouts. — I have mentioned to the Society that I do not think 
any Men properly qualified for School Masters can be found for 
Less than About £25 Str. & Ann. — On looking over the 
Abstract of the Societys proceed 5 . I find Some (such as M r 
Newton at Ripton & M r Gibbs at Simsbury &ca) at £30 & A 
I should think that Gent on that Salary would Gladly come to 
where a better provision was made for them, but as you can best 
know their Affairs & Character I Just mention it for your 

INDORSED: Dec r . 21 st . 1768 

To D r Sam 1 . Auchmuty. 

D/. 2 

Johnson-hall Dec'. 21 st 1768. 
Dear Sir, 

I Sincerely thank you for your Letters of the 6th and 7 th . of 
this Month and am heartily glad that you arrived safe and in 
health at Philadelphia. 

1 The sentence not completed. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. In handwriting of Guy 
Johnson. The letter, dated 23d, is in the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, Peters Manuscripts, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 545 

Give me Leave to Express the high Satisfaction I have 
received from the Very obliging and Friendly Sentiments you 
entertain of me and of my late Conduct, and to assure you that 
M r . Penn may always command my best services and that I 
highly esteem his and your friendship. 

M r . Tilghman has wrote me that he is preparing the Cash, 
I beg you will offer him by best Compliments with the Letter 
herewith Transmitted I shall make the Indians easy about it until 
Col : Francis's 1 arrival. — 

I am glad to hear that you have found out two Youths So 
promising as you describe who would take Orders and become 
Missionaries, I wish they were already ordained as the Missions 
in this Neighbourhood Vizt. Schenectady, The Mohocks, and 
Johnstown are Still Vacant, and none as yet found to nil them, 
whilst those of other denominations are making hasty Strides 
to attain to that Influence which will contribute to their other 
interested Views, — I suppose you mean that the Young Men 
should reside this way for some time and learn Some of the 
Language, & afterwards go over for Orders, and I am at a Loss 
to know whether The Society will not allow them w*. is made 2 
Now for the Mohock Mission or w f . allowance else if any but 
I suppose These points are or can be easily settled and I shall 
be glad to see the Gentlemen & shall recommend them to the 
Mohocks &ca where they can Learn the Language, and Should 
the now Vacant Missions be filled up before they take Orders, 
I am certain that the Society will agree to Some farther Estab- 
lishments or make them an allowance as Itinerants throughout 
the Six Nations where Men of Zeal and Abilities are greatly 
wanted, and where they might be assured of my friendship and 
Countenance. — 

With regard to M r . Murrays removal I understand the 
Protestants of Schenectady have wrote him, giving an Acct of 
what Terms he might expect there, The Society allows £40 Str 

1 Turbutt Francis, of Philadelphia. 

2 In the letter, "part of what is made. 


546 Sir William Johnson Papers 

& Ann, and I have heard the Inhabitants say 1 they believed they 
could procure a house & make an Addition of £40 N York 
Currency to his Sallary, and I suppose there would be Some 
other advantages. — 

Col Guy Johnson desires I would Express his Most Grateful 
Acknowledgments for the particular & friendly mention you 
have made of him and sincerely Wishes you & the Gentl n who 
were at F' Stanwix Health & happiness, Col. Claus, is Also 
greatly obliged to you for your kind remembrance of him and 
offers you his Most sincere regards. 

For my own part be assured that I shall always be happy in 
your Agreable Correspondence, and in hearing that you enjoy 
that health & felicity which I most sincerely Wish you as 

I am always Dear Sir, 
I have not had a Line from any of 
the Gent that attended the Treaty till 
the Rect. of yours & of that from M r Tilghman. 
The Rev d . M r Peters 

INDORSED: Dec r . 21 st 1768 

To the Rev d . M r Rich d . Peters 

Df. 2 

Johnson hall Dec r . 21 st . 1768 

I am favored with your Letter of the 29 th ult°. cor- 

dially thank you for your very obliging and [frien]dly Expres- 
sions concerning my Conduct at the late Treaty, assuring You 
that I shall take great pleasure [in] serving Mr Penn or his 
friends on any occasion — 

I am glad to find that the Cash is collecting and [sh] all make 
the Indians easy until the arrival of it [The] Word s . wch you 
re f err to when the Ind s . say they will treat with [the] Pro- 

1 In the letter, " one of the Vestry Men Say." 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 547 

prietors for Lands within Pennsylvania are inserted in the pro- 
ceedings I have transmitted [to the] Secretary of State — 

[I heajrtily wish you well and shall always be with 
] Sir, &c 


A. L. S. 

[Quebeck, Dec. 22, 1768] 

I 1 

broke his Word, yet [ J 

that he should be f org [ ] Submission as 

would [ ] Swits, the Attorney 

General assures me [ ] sued this post he 

too Seems to be a Friend of [Morrison? 1 ] pray Send me the 
Original pass &c Which [ ] from Niagara least 

I may again be deceived by p[rofessed friends?] 

Never was such a party place as Canada, at Montreal [ 
is an assembly one rule is; none of Walker's 2 family or [any] 
that Speak with him there can be none here the Judges [ 
the first place, there is the Honorable Capt: Duff's Lady she 
[has not] yet been at Any of the Governors routs he gives One 
every fort [night] where you may dance or play cards till 9 or 
10 oClock drink [ ] little tea or Negus & then retire 

parties run high Against the Governor & Judge at Montreal 
| for bailing Our interpreter Ainse, the every body 
Agrees [that] a General pardon was given to every body con- 
cerned in the Indian War. when the peace was made by Brad- 
street as well as in a Speech made by General Gage at Mont- 
real to the Ottawas when they brought down Etherington 

I mentioned to you that Perthui intended going to your house 
& to send me money by him he does not go 'till the Lakes [are 

[ ] 

1 Who had brought a suit against Roberts. 

2 Justice Thomas Walker. 

548 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ]are so Scarce here the 

[ ] Starved man buried 

[ ] M r . Dr [ ] Agent Victualer 

for [ ] provisions the Indians of Lorette 

are in [ distress] I have given them several Dollars since 

my [ ] 3 lb of bread Costs 8 d . St r & is yet so 

scarce the Bakers [ ] customers to an Allowance 

] report prevail here that L*. Sinclair has been 
rob'd in [ ] Lake Erie, by the Indians of every 

thing he had with [him] & that he is returned to Detroit 

] find I shall be asked, being a Deputy of yours 
to Act in [ a] flairs that concern the Indians here, I have as 

yet declined [taking] any Indian affairs of this Government on 
me without your [directions. 

An order has been kept a good private from the Soldiers how- 
ever [ ] lately got Wind, which has gained much ill 
will to General Gage. "No officer is to employ a Soldier to work 
for him without paying him 6 d . P day" 

I hope you are in perfect State of good heath & that you and 
all your family meet with every Blessing this life affords hearing 
of which would overpay all the disagreeable moments I have 
pass'd in this party Country. 

I am Sir 

Your most affectionate 
humble Servant 

B. Roberts 
S R . W M . Johnson Baronet 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 
INDORSED: Quebec 22 d . Decb r [ ] 

L f . Roberts' Letter rec d 

22 d . Jam-y. 1 769 

Post-War Period, / 763-1 774 549 


Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall, Dec. 23, 1768] 

[ ] your Letter of the 1 2 th . 

] M r Jeffries Affair, To whom I wrote every 
[thing ] then say on the Matter above a fortnight ago 

[promising] him to take the necessary Steps as soon as, 

] and to do every thing in my power for his 
[inter] est — I also explained to him the doubts concerning the 
late M rs Cosbys title to the South part of the Mannor [ ] 

There are sev 1 . Tracts laid down in the Map under the name of 
Cosby, some of w ch may possible be now in other hands. I sh d . 
therefore be glad you'd make enquiry w l . they now actually 

I have been very busy almost continually Since I saw you 
from the Several pacquets & dispatches I had to make up and 
the other buisness occasioned by my Long absence, and have at 
this time a parcell of Ind s . about me so that I have not time to 
say much to you. 

Pray write me whatever News is brought by the Pacquet, I 
am always glad to hear you are Well, and with my kind Com- 
pliments & those of the family to all of yours I remain your 
Sincere friend 

& very humble Servt. 



[Albany, December 24, 1768] 

[ provisions (?) to] Fondas for Sir W m . at 15/ £4.10.- 
[ ] for carrying D°. to D°. at 15/ 4.10.- 

[ ] for carrying D°. to D°. 15/ 2. 5.- 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

550 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Men with Commissary Beams to 

Oswego at 100/ 15. -.- 

5 Men with Commissary Roberts 
to Niagara £9 54. -.- 

6 5 Men with Provisions for Sir 
W m . to Fondas at 15/ 4.10.- 

Peck & 8 Men with D°. to D°. 15/ 6.15.- 

De Graff & 2 Men with D°. to D°. 1 5/ 2.5.- 
V Patten & 2 Men with D°. to D°. 1 5/ 2.5.- 
Potman and 8 Men with D°. to D°. 1 5/ 6.15.- 

and 5 Men with D°. to D°. 15/ 4 [10] 
] and 8 Men with D°. to D°. 15/ 6 [15] 
Dance and 14 Men with D°. to 

Fort Stanwix 48/ 36. -.- 

and 14 Men with D°. to D°. 48/ 36. -.- 
Van Eps and 1 1 Men with D°. 

to Harkemans at 36/ 21 [12] 

and 7 Men with D°. to D°. 36/ 12.12. - 

rt Wimple and 66 Men with D°. 

from Sir W ms . to Fort Stanwix 48/ 160. 16.— 
Glen for 3 New Oil Cloths & 

Cords to cover the Powder 10. 8.- 

Detained 4 Days each at 4/ 3.4.— 

Dance and 8 Men with Provi- 
sions to Fort Stanwix at 48/ 21.12.— 
Trips from Harkeman's to D°. 

each Trip at 4/ p r . Day 
Detained 1 7 Days 
Wimple and 1 4 Men with Provi- 
sions to D° 
] and 1 1 Men with D°. to D°. 
] lstine and 1 1 Men with D°. to D°. 
detain] ed by Sir W m . Johnson at Fort 
Stanwix 51 Days 

[ ] 51 Do. d°. 

36. -.- 


30. 12. [1] 


36. -.- 


28. [16] 




10. 4.- 

10. 4.- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



51 D°. d°. 

51 D<\ d° 

51 D°. d°. 

51 D°. d°. 

10. 4.- 

10. 4.- 

10. [4.-] 

[10. 4.-] 

To Adam Smith D°. 

To Mathise V; Derheyden D°. 

To David Sopus and 5 others for collecting 
had been left by the Indians that were 
bringing them to Schenectady each 6 Days 

To Douw Fonda for carrying 28 Loads of 

Provisions to and from Johnson Hall at 5/ 
To Volckort Veeder for 3 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 
To Abraham Fonda for 1 6 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 
To Peter Hansen for 4 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 

To Barnet B Wimp for 3 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 
To Barnet M : Wimp for 27 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 
To Abraham Veeder for 1 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 
To Cornelius Smith for D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 
To Arent Smith for 3 D°. of D°. to D°. at 5/ 


[Johnson Hall Dec. 24, 1768] 

] Bostwick had not an opportunity [ 
me your favor of June last till Just [before my departure for 
holding the Treaty concerning the [bound] ary Line at Fort 
Stanwix, and the Variety [ ]ness and Trouble I had 

during my long Stay there [toge]ther with many other matters 
I had to dispatch Since [my I return last Month deprived me of 
the pleasure of answering [ ] Sooner, — You may be 

Assured that M r . Bostwick and the Gentlemen concerned in the 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

552 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Application for the Mines, shall meet with all the Countenance, 
advice, and Assistance which it is in my power to afford them, 
and I by this opportunity transmit my Opinion to the Earl of 
Hillsboro' [ ] the expediency of that plan agreable to 

his Majesty's Order [as signified to me by his Lordship in 
which [with] the proviso that the Expence may not be too great 
I am of [the] opinion that it may be practicable to obtain [the 
consent] of the Indians & advantagious if such measures are 
afterwards pursued as [I have ther]ein taken the Liberty to 
recommend in gen 1 , terms. — [ ] doubt but that 

sev 1 . Objects of Value might be [ with Success 

in this Country if due care [ ] the Affections of the 

Ind s . to afford them [ avoid giving] them any 

umbrage [ ] 

[ ] 

to Gentlemen [ ] as well as most 

of [ ] Capacity and little or no 

observation [ ] now occurrs to me as it has 

frequently [ ] persuaded a Great advantage 

would be [derived ] as well as to his Majestys 

Interests here, if [ ] as I heartily wish it 

were in good hands, — If you [ ] readily make you 

acquainted with it on your [ ] a Line signifying 

your Inclinations to be in [formed on the] subject, and I shall take 
it kindly if you will [ ] any Services in my power 

here in return for your | | offers of the Like nature, as 

I am 

A. L. S. 

Phill*. Deb'. 25* 1768 

I aply d . to Docter Evens an able Phisision in this place fer 
the Broom | fer you and he has prepair d . [ 

time as Directed In the Recept. which [I] Send you by M r . 
Picken with the Docters Leter to Me and he will gett [M]ore 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 553 

w h . I will Take up with Me [w]hen I go About the begining 
of Feby ] and hope you will Receive a benifitt from itt 

I have Received by Cap 1 . Forbes 1 from [Fort] Chartres M r . 
Coles Acounts A [moun] ting to £2 1 56 butt No Leter [ ] 

only a Draft on Me for [ ]nt. 

I Wout Truble your honor w[ ] att present 

M r . Cole Writes M r . [Wharton that] he will by Way of New 
orlance ] a full acount of his Department 

There is No Late accounts from F[ort Chartres?] 

I am Dear Sir with Great Respect your 

Most obedient & Most 
Humble Servant 

Geo: Croghan 
To the Hon b,e . SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON Barr 1 . 

INDORSED: Decb r . 25 th . 1768 — 
M r . Croghans Letter 
w ,h . an Enclosure 


Df. 2 

[Johnson] Hall Dec'. 28*. 1768 

my re] turn from holding the late Treaty at [Fort 
Stanwix] last month I was favored with yours of the [14th of 
Octo]ber, and a few days ago with that of the 10 th . of this 
[month,] the former of which from the sev 1 . dispatches I had 
[to make] up at my return and the great resort of Indians on 
[recent] occasions I could not sooner answer. — upon my 
[arriv]al at home I found a Pacquet from His Majestys 
[secretary] of State referring to me the consideration of your 
[pro]posal (as you expected) in consequence of a Report of 

1 Captain Gordon Forbes, of the 34th regiment, former commandant 
at Fort Chartres. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

554 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[the] Lords of Trade 1 a Copy of which with other papers were 
likewise transmitted to me, desiring My report thereon [wijth 
that of the Commander in Chief previous to any farther 
[proceedings. — I have given this Subject as much attention 
[as] the time would permit me and have now transmitted [my] 
Opinion to his Majesty thereon to the best of my Judgmt. [the] 
Sum of which is that provided, [ ] appears to be an 

Object worthy attention as I have [ ] was after due Con- 

sideration of the distance & other [circumstances] attending its 
situation on which I co d . not pretend to determine with any cer- 
tainty. I am of opinion that [ ] & Explaining the 
affair to the Chiefs of the Ind s . [ may] be prosecuted, 
and that it may be continued [ of] the Indians, if no 
Settlements beyond [ ] the Works be attempted, 
and they treated [ ] I have more fully explained 

[ ] 

[ ] 

and I ma[ ] Matter, and have 

[ ] with the Expences attending it [ 

] that I persuade myself there wi[ 
] in the farther prosecution of this business 
The affidavit & Accot you transmit me concerning Ainse] is 
very strong, Nevtheless I must observe [ ] of the 

Canadians at that time there hardly considered themselves] as 
British Subjects, and possibly some of [ ] Circum- 

stances of affairs then ha[ ] measure compelled 

to do what they [ ] take it upon me to say that 

that is [ ] help remarking that there were [some 

who] during those Troubles acted even a m[ore ] described, 
who have not [ ] have they taken [ ] 

a Mans Ignorance [ ] of War, the Circum- 

stances [ ] his future good Conduct and 

deservings, ] for the particulars you have com- 

municated th]at Man which I shall take into farther 

1 Representation of the Lords of Trade, May 7, 1 768, supra. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 555 

[consideration, the determination concerning which will be 

] others. — 

With regard to the Mines you will doubtless [ ] in 

the Spring from England, I shall be glad to contribute to 

sue] cess by any means in my power, as well as to have 

[your] farther thoughts thereon not having at present Leisure 

[to] add more than that I am 



D. 1 

Memorandum of Tools and Materials much wanted by the 

Smith of the Ind n . Department at Niagara Dec r . 28 th . 1 768 
1 p r . Bellows 

1 scrue plate for Britch pins 
1 Large shears 
1 Oz. Borax 
ID Iron wire 
Yd& Binding wire 
111 Glue 

3 Doz files of all sortes 
Iron and Steel 
Memorandom of Tools & Material Which is Wanting For 

Cap 1 . M c . Leods Niagara 
1 Bellows 

1 Schruplate for Bridgepins 
1 Large Sheairs 
1 Oz. Burrax 
1 11 Iron Wier 
Yl^. Binding Wier 
111 Glue 

3 Doz d files of all Sorts 
Iron & Steel — 

1 The two memoranda are separate documents in the Johnson Calendar. 
The second was inclosed in McLeod's letter of January 4, 1 769. 

556 Sir William Johnson Papers 




I 1 

in the said Country [ ] of the 

River Sasquehanna [ ] the said boundary- 

Line down the said [ ] thereof till it 

comes opposite the Mouth of a [Creek called by] the Indians 
Awandae and across the River [ ] Creek on the 

South side thereof and along the Range [of the] Hills called 
Burnets Hills by the English and by [the] Indians. 

x on the North side of them [ ] head of 

a Creek which runs into the West Branch [of the] Susquehanna 
which Creek is by the Indians called Tiadag[hton] and down 
the said Creek on the south Side thereof [ | to the said 

West Branch of Susquehanna then crossing the said River and 
runing up the same on the South side thereof the several Courses 
thereof to the fork of the said River which lies nearest to a place 
on the River Ohio called Kittanning and from the said Fork fcp 
a strait Line to Kittanning aforesaid and then down the said 
River Ohio by the several Courses thereof to where the Western 
Bounds of the said province of Pennsylvania crosses the same 
River and then with the said Western Bounds 2 [ 


] a Tract of [ 

] from the Six Nations 

] Deed bearing Date 

] d Day of October One thousand 

seven] hundred & fifty eight and then with the | 

Bounds of that tract to the River Sasquehanna and crossing the 

River Sasquehanna to the Northern Boundary Line of another 

1 A vacant place in the manuscript. 

2 Compare this description with one in Doc. Rel to Col. Hist., 8:136. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 557 

Tract of Land purchased from the Indians by Deed bearing 
Date the 22 d . [ ] 1 749 and then with that Northern 

Boundary Line to the River Delaware at the North side of the 
Mo[uth] of a Creek called Lechawacsein then up the said 
Ri[ver] Delaware on the West side thereof to the Intersection 
by an East Line to be drawn from Owegy aforesaid to said River 
Delaware and then with that East L[ine] to the Beginning at 
Owegy aforesaid 

True Copy 
James Tilghman Sec [ ] 


[ ] 

[ ] blankets Six Duffel [ ] 

[ ] Kettles We therefore in Gratitude 

[ ] Present as wel in Consideration of the 

] Grants made by our said Ancestors Predecessors 

as of the said several Goods [ ] before mentioned the 

Receipt whereof we do hereby Acknowledge Doe by these 

presents for [our] Heirs and Successors Grant Remise Release 

for ever quitclaim unto the said William [Penn] Heirs and 

Assigns all the said Lands [ between the said two 

Rivers of Delaware and Sasquehannah from Duck Creek to 

the Mo[untains] on this Side Leehay and all our Estate 

] Title Interest Property Claim and Deman[ o] 

ver in and to the same or any part [ ] So that neither 

We nor any of us nor [ ] Person or Persons in the behalf 

of any [ ] shall or may hereafter lay any claim 

[ ] 

man and Op[ ] do acknowledge that 

We[ ] divers Deeds of [sale] read under [the] 

Hands and Seals of the former Chiefs 

1 Certified by Charles Brockden, recorder of deeds for Philadelphia. — 
Johnson Calendar. See 111:794-95, 802-6, 815-16, supra. 

558 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of the Delaware Indians our [Ancestors] and Predecessors 
who were Owners of [ between DeLaware and 

Sasquehanna [ ] by which Deeds they have 

granted [and conjveyed unto William Penn Proprietor and 
[ ] Governour in Chief of the Province of 

Pen[nsyl]vania and to his Heirs & Assigns all and singular 
their Lands Islands Woods & Water situate between the said 
two Rivers of Delaware and Sasquehannah and had recvd full 
Satisfaction for the same And we doe further acknowledge 
that we are fully content and satisfied with the said Grant And 
Where [ ] the Commissioners or Agents of the said William 
[Penn ] 

[ ] 

any of them [ ]ment of the Same. In 

] hereunto set our Hands & Seals [this] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


■Jour Lord One 


Sassoonam his J/\ 

the Seventeenth Day of September [ 

thousand Seven hundred {and eighteen} 

r ]and Delivered 

lall hut Pokehais and 

r "lawmaman who were 

absent) in the presence of 

W. Keith 1 

Jonat Dickinson 

[ J Preston 

Job. As she ton 

Anth * Palmer 

Indian (_^ Sam Son to Essepenaikee 

Indian £2\ Peter Pokehais 'a Nephew or Oweaykoman 
\£? mark/- 
]hagues £_conk or Toby 
his .mark 
|" Isoigh -j— cenam 
•• his mark 


of [ 

or [ 


p w 





Ghettypeneeman^y-v his mark 

Opekasseh his^L mark 

Pepawmaman his C/\ mark 

] ha /<\3P\ lappis or Andrew 

1 and delivd by Pokehais [ 

les Logan, Neeshala [ 

lAssheton, Clem** P [ 


] omaman in the Presence 
or Andrew, ITedawawayyv 
] David Evans 

] 13 th ' May 1728 




J Office in Pat. Book [ 

WitneBseth my Hand 
jd. office C. Brockden Rec [order] 

Indorsed; Exemplified Copy 

of the Delaware Grant 
to IP". Penn of Lands 
Between Delaware and 
Susquehanna Rivera 

Dated 17 Sept r 1728. 

1 Sir William Keith, deputy governor of Pennsylvania. 

560 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 412, is entered, undated, a register of 
military commissions issued by Sir Henry Moore for Albany county, Sir 
William Johnson, brigadier general (copied out of the Military Book, and 
inclosed in Henry Van Schaack's letter of November 24th, 1 769), The 
manuscript was much injured by the fire, but is printed in the Third 
Annual Report of the State Historian of New York, p. 887-89. 


[N. York, Jan. /,] 1769 

[ ] pacquet is arrived is not to be con [ 

that she brings no sort of interesting [news] most certain. 

[ ] Senate will not meet till the 16 th of this 

[month. T]he Delay is attributed to the unprepared 
of the Ministry to meet the Representatives [of the peo]ple 
loaded with petitions & remonstrances [on the score] of Griev- 
ances. It seems to have been the [determi]ned resolution of 
the prince not to indulge the [petition] ers in their favorite object, 
a Dissolution of the [parlia]ment. The first Charles was 
teased [until] he Signed Wentworths Death Warrant, that 
Concession] the third George now Contemplates deeply upon, 
know[ing it] cost his predecessor's life. All the people about 
the [throne] are high prerogative asserters, and protest against 
[the g] ratification so eagerly sollicited, which makes it [a very] 
doubtfull point, and yet, if he does not yeild, great [stride] s 
will be taken towards a Democracy. Indeed, Sir [Willi] am, 
the Mother Country has not been so much dis[ ] 

Abdication, as it is at present. 

[The] revenue Acts would not be repealed if the Ministry 
must do something in this Session to save appear- 
ances, could stand ] without a revocation of 

[The Chanjcellor 1 will give up the Seals at the End of the 

1 Charles Pratt, Lord Chancellor Camden. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 561 

] the administration turn him out meerly because 

] not play an Active, but rather, a Conciliatory 

part; [ ] resolved none shall compose their Junto that 

are not [ ] cooperate in every measure with them. 

] W Blackburne has desired me to send a very 

[ ] up to Johnson Hall, I therefore have given it 

[ ]ds hands, who will forward it by the first 

[ ] 

] due Respect, to S r John, Col Guy & Cap' 
Claus | ] of many returns of this day I am, 

Sir William, 
Your most obed f & obliged serv 1 

Jam s Rivington 


S r W m Johnson Bar 1 
at Johnson Hall 


A. L. S. 

[New York, Jan. 2, 1769] 


M r Kimpe tells me that the Ministry [ 

Seem resolvd to enfor[ce ] Obedience to [ 

from the Colonies — Our Assembly it Seems [ 

up with a high Hand & have made Some [flaming resolves 

tomorrow they will be dissolved in Consequence of [ 

This I am really Sorry for because they will render [themselves 

obnoxious to the Ministry & involve us in Scenes of C [ 

I ought to begg your pardon for not Sending [your ace 1 . 

It] is intirely owing to my 111 State of Health — You may 

| Assurd Sir you shall have it <$ next post — In the 

meantime if there be any thing in the World I can Serve you, 

1 Several lines missing. 

562 Sir William Johnson Papers 

do be [ ] have your Commands & Assure Your- 

self that I shall a[lways be] with the Sincerist Regard to Truth 

Sir your Most Obed' Servant 

John Wetherhead 

My Indispositon has prevented me 

Calling on S r H Moore about your Affair 

but will wait upon him to morrow & shall acquaint 

with the Result ^ Next 

The Hon ble Sir William Johnson B r 


[Johnson] hall J any 3 d 1769 

Last] Night M r . M c Clay arrived here with the money 
and] delivered me your favor of the 17th ult°. [in consequ]ence 
of which I shall imediately call the Chiefs [of each] Tribe to 
meet me at the most convenient place [ I shall make 

the fairest and most Satisfactory distribution [ 
and shall transmit ample Acquittances on their parts | 
your Satisfaction, This is the only way it can be done & I 
]d it necessary to inform you of it, as it must neces- 
sarily [be] attended with some Expence which I shall defray 
on the [par]t of the Proprietaries, and transmit you the amount 
[whic]h will be as small as I can possibly manage it. — 

I take this opportunity of returning you many thanks [for] 

the polite & friendly manner in which you have Expressed 

[your] self concerning my Conduct towards the Proprietaries 

] late Treaty, and you may be assured that I shall [be 

on] all Occasions sincerely disposed to their interest, and 

in any opportunity of Testifying the perfect 
] with which I am 



1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 563 


A. Df. S. 1 

Johnson Hall, Jam*- 3 d . 1769 
Dear Sir/ 

Your most friendly and agreeable letter of the 1 7 tK . Ult°. was 
delivered to me last night by M r . M c Clay, together with y e . 
Money for the Six Nations, which shall be paid to them as Soon 
as I can conveniently Assemble a few Cheifs of Each Nation 
to come and receive it. The Misfortune of it, is that on those 
Occasions many more will come than are called or necessary, 
wich must create an unavoidable Expence. but this the Pro- 
prietors may be assured of, that the greatest Oeconomy shall be 
used by me You are sensible that there is no calling those 
People 2 on any business without Expence, & this could only have 
been prevented by paying them the money at y e . time the Deed 
was executed. — 

As I have wrote you fully on y e . Subjects of y r . former letter, 
I have only to Assure You of my warmest wishes for y r . Health 
& Welfare, & that I am most sincerely & Affectty. Y rs . 

The Revr d . M r . Peters 

(different writing) 

The Indians of Conajoharee (The upper Mohock Village) are 
now very sollicitous to have a Church erected at that place, they 
have contributed to it already a handsome Sum as much as 
they could Afford, and have pressed me to endeavor to obtain 
Contribut ns . for compleating it, I have accordingly Mentioned 
it to D r Auchmuty to endeavor to obtain Something from his 
Congregation, and as they have desired it from a very favorable 
Expectation they Entertain of those of your City I could not 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. The letter, torn in 
several places, is in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Peters Manu- 
scripts, Philadelphia, Pa. 

2 In the letter, " such Mercenary People." 

564 Sir William Johnson Papers 

avoid Mentioning it to you. I believe it will be needless to 
remark to you that this their pious inclination deserves encourage- 
ment, & that any Assistance they may now receive, will here- 
after reflect Credit on & afford real pleasure to those who ani- 
mated with the same Charitable sentiments May contribute to this 
Infant Foundation 1 — 

INDORSED: Janr>\ 3 d . 1769 

To Parson Peters 
W M<\ Mac Clay 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 412, is listed a letter of January 3d to the 
Rev. William Smith, concerning Mr. Murray, two young men mentioned 
for orders, lands for a church, effects of the new boundary on land grants, 
Sir William's desire to serve Mr Smith and Mr Barton and his election 
as a member of the Philosophical Society 2 , (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y, 
4:401-2; Q, 4:252.) 


D/. 3 

[Johnson hall] Jan* 4, [1769] 

[ ] had the favor of your Letter of the 19th of 

[December. I] acknowledge the mistake of the date of my 
[ ] mention which should have been the 9 th . 

Dec r . 

I have sent off your Letters for Niagara by a very [ 
hand, and have heard that the Schooner which ran [ashojre at 
Sandousky has been since got off by cutting away [ 
Upper Works &ca & is arrived at Detroit, I suppose that [the] 
Speeches Capt Glasier has transmitted are the same with [those] 
he sent me, I inclose you an Extract of every thing material in 

1 1 he letter has in addition the following: '" I have sent for M r . Munro 
of Albany to come up next Sunday & administer y e Sacrament to a 
Number of old Communicants of both Mohawk Villages at their desire." 
Adieu ■ 

2 Founded by Benjamin Franklin. 
8 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 



Post-War Period, 1763-1774 565 

his Letter, — you will find by it that the Letters [ ] La Rain 

which he says contained matter of importance are mislaid and 
are not come to hands. — The Substance of [their] Intelli- 
gences are of much the same Nature with [rega]rd to the 
Spaniards & French as those I have had [and] continue to 
receive from different quarters. — I wrote [Lieut Sin]clair 
somewhat to the effect mentioned in yours, as I am [of the] 
same way of thinking, and I should not have mentioned [ 
the last time but that I have been well assured [that that] Gen- 
tleman, had taken upon him at one of the posts [ my] Con- 
duct as unjust for not paying him, and to [ ] ex- 
traordinary Language which it is not his interest [ 

] you thanks for the Extract of your Letter 
] Lake Superior, and I agree with you 

] Answering the [expectations] 

[ ] 

of their proj [ect ] of some 

persons wh[ ] there, & by 

taking effe[ctual the Indians] from being imposed upon 

or illt[reated ] as for the rest I observed that I 

[ ] & that the Ore was very Rich, [ ] 

of persons in Canada had totally failed [ the wages] 

here of Battoemen & the prices of Labour were [lower in this] 
Country than they are at present, That the ol[ ] of 

Transportation were great which I explain [ ] & that 

with regard to the Quantity of the Ore [ ] an 

Object that would answer the Expence I [could not take] upon 
me to Answer with Certainty. 1 — 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:144-45, is a letter of January 
4th, 1 769, from the Earl of Hillsborough, in which the boundary line 
established by the Fort Stanwix treaty is disapproved, and Johnson is 
advised to discontinue discussion of the plan of trade proposed in 1 765 
and since discarded. 

1 Compare Johnson's letter of December 23d, 1 768, to the Earl of 
Hillsborough, Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:140-42, 

566 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[Niagara, Jan. 4, 1769] 
[ ] that was here two days 

[ ] from the Senecas and Chip- 

[pewas Jation, he was about telling me the 

mean [ ] other Messesaga Soberer than him came 

in [and put an end?] to his discours by telling him he spoke too 
much [ the]y both set off and I have not seen any of them 

w]ere offended at not being able to come to my House, 
[No Indjian at present can, as the Centry at the small Fort 
[in whi]ch I live, has Orders to allow no Indian to come in 
] it was no great Matter as I could come to them 
[when] they wanted me. 

[The post] Market of which I had the pleasure of acquaint- 
ing [you some] time ago, is likely to be of bad consequence. 
The [Indians a] re very angry at being stoped in the Fort and 
having [as they] Say their Vanison forced from them by the 
Soldiers, who [have no] thing to give them but bread in return 
and that in small [ ] which they do not like, as they 

often want Shirts [ ] and other Cloathing for their 

Meat which a Soldiers [ ] afford to give them. The 

Indians are not allowed [to make a] present of the least bit of 
meat to any Trader, nor [ ] ed to keep a piece for their 

own eating; Whatever [ ] must be sold at the place 

appointed for the Market. [ ] a Seneca head Warrior 

was here about ten Days [ago thrown in] to a most violent 
passion at being stop'd from [ ] Town and threatned 

to go to war immediately. ] that tho' strictly 

Sober he Cryed like a Child [ ] nor speak for a 

long time, because the [sentry ] Bayonet to him when he 

offer'd to go to [ ] there is not an Indian that comes 

] Dissatisfyed at the usage th[ 

[ ] 

of my present [ ] People in 

power [ ] the good of the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 567 

Service [ ] I wish M r . 

Decouaigne ] how to act, for at present 

lam [ ] 

The Bearer Ca, run, da, wa, ne can g[ive ] Method of 

treating the Indians at this p[ost. ] sort of a 

fellow, I have given a belt [ ] which he is to 

deliver you. 

Enclosed I send you a list of Tools & ca . wan [ted ] which 

I hope you'll be so good as send if the department ] at 

this place. 

I hope you will be kind enough to send som[e flour] as all 
the provisions the Indians and Smith [ ] is to be 

returnd in flour if it is not I shall [ ] Breach of 

promise, and be obliged to make the [ ] own 

expence which I can not well afford. 

M rs . MacLeod Sends you her kindest respects [ ] 

wishing you the Comp ,s . of the season with many retur[ns ] 

I am 

Your Most Obedient [ ] 

Most Humble Ser f 

Nor d . M [ac Leod] 
To The Hon ble . 
Sir William Johnson 

to henry moore 

[Johnson] hall Jan* 4 th 1769 

[ ] favor of the 19th ult°. came to [ ] 

] answered by last post. ] am 

Glad to find that you purpose to be here at the time you 
mention as the sledding is then generally very good and I 
that you may not be prevented by the Sitting [of 
the] Assembly. I shall [ ] agreable to your desire, 

call Just as many Chiefs [of the] Nations concerned as are 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

568 Sir William Johnson Papers 

necessary so as to be here by [the] 9 th or 10 th of next Month to 
attend you in order to perfect [ ] Sales you men- 

tion' 1 . The Indians of both the Mohock [villa] ges, are soon 
called, but my reason for mentioning the 9 th [or 10 th of] Feb- 
ruary is on Account of the old Sachems of Onoghquagey 
[ ] cannot well be here before that time on acct 

of the [ ] and the depth of Snow in the Woods. — 

Agreable to the Estimate you are now pleased to send 

] the fees due on the Schohare purchase, I have 
now [ ] enabled M r . Banyar to pay my Share 

] Patent may be taken out and also to pay what- 
ever [ ] the fifth of the Oneida purchase as I 
heartily [ ] patents were out. ] 
with most perfect Esteem, Sir, 



Extract 1 
( N°. 2 1 ) New York JatW 5 th : / 769 

My Lord, 

I inclose your Lordship a Paper, which contains an Account 
of all the Expences that have attended the late Indian Treaty, 
as well for Presents to the Indians for the Tract of Country 
they have ceded, as for the Maintaining them at Fort Stanwix, 
and other Expences during the Negotiation. A very large Dis- 
trict becoming now the Property of the Crown, which will fall 
into the Provinces of New York, Pensylvania and Virginia, 
Adventurers in Land who used to purchase Tracts of the Sav- 
ages, might now purchase of the Crown; and be a means to 
indemnify the Crown, for the Expence of this Treaty, inde- 
pendent of the Quit-Rents. I speak of the Lands which 
shall be added to New York and Virginia, The Tracts which 
fall within the Limits of Pensylvania, as yet unpurchased by the 
Proprietarys of that Province, can be only settled with the 
Proprietary s. 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.87, p. 5, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Contemporary Copy 1 

Sir William Johnson's Account of the Expence 
of the Indian Congress lately held with them for 
the Settlement of the Indian Boundaries. 

Novem r . 

To what Paid to the Six 
Nations &ca in Publick for 
the Cession of Land they 
made to the Crown 

To Presents; and Provisions 
bought on the Spot for the 
use of the Indians, not in- 
cluded in the above 

To Robert Leake Esq r . Com- 
missary General of Stores 
and Provisions. His Ac- 
count of Provisions sent 
from Albany to Schenec- 
tady (Between 25 th : May 
and 24 th : of October 1768) 
for the use of the several 
Nations of Indians, which 
lately met in Congress at 
Fort Stanwix 46,603 ^ 
Rations at 3% Sterling p r : 
Ration £728.. 3.. 7 

The Expence 


of Trans- 
porting said 
from Albany 
to Schenec- 

30.. — , 


£10,460.. 7.. 3 

2,328.. 2.. 5 

758.. 4.. 5 

£13,546.. 14.. 1 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.87, p. 13, London, England. 

570 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson's 
Account of the Expence of the 
Indian Congress, lately held 
with them for the Settlement 
of the Indian Boundaries. — 
Am 1 . £ 13,546..! 4.. 1 Sterling 
In Gen 1 . Gage's (N°. 21) of 
5*. Jany. 1769 
Inclosure 1 st . 

A. L. S. 

New York 7 J an^ 1769. 

I received your favour of 12 Dec r . & [thank you] for the 

Bill sent me for Cap 1 Roberts [draft on] you, which I now 

inclose you with a [receipt for] the same. & I hope the Acco ts . 

] you of Cap' Spicemaker will enable [you to] send 

me a Bill for that demand. 

Since I wrote you about LA Galland [I have received a 
Letter from him, full of the [most] grate full acknowledgements 
for your [ ] & generosity to him & he has also 

[let General] Gage know how kind you had been, [ 
Affair is at an End 

The Packett is arrived, & but verry little [except bad] News. 
The Kings Speech verry tart [the minis] try seem determined to 
put an End [to American] Claims of being free from the 
Parliament they will tax us, [ ] time — severall 

Changes in the Ministry. Sir] Jeffry Amherst 1 is again rein- 
stated, | ] by many that he will be sent out [ 
as Generall & Com r . in Chief & that Gen['. Gage will] be 

1 Amherst, nonresident Governor of Virginia, was removed in 1 768, 
and succeeded by Lord Botetourt. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 57\ 

recalled — Youll no doubt hear [ ] assembly in dis- 

solved," & that there is [more] than 8 Candadites — 4 of the 
Delancy or [Church] & 4 of the Livingstonian or Dissinting 

You have no doubt heard of Col 1 Phi [lip] Schuylers arbitrary, 
& overbearing, bul [lying] manner here, & how Jacob Walton 

] & they were bound over. I assure you [ 
behaved verry odley here, & I am told [ you] & the 

Indian Congress with some dis [respect. (I?)] got into his 
Company, & introduced [ ] about that Affair, but 

his tone was [ ] By God his Bones would have 

pa [id for ] 

I think you ought to ex[ert yourself ] he should not be 
returned ] write you, to beg if you had no 

[(choice?) in particular, you would get Sir John [returned] 
& I now repeat the same. I am [ w]ould give great 

pleasure to many [ ] sincere Friends, amongst which 

I take [the freedom] to rank myself — & as you have 
your power to send who you please for 
] C°. I wish you would stop Col° Schuylers 
[election] you might send a fitter Man that poor [ 
for Schenactady. If these hints dont [meet your] Approbation, 
I beg they may not meet [your dis] pleasure, & that youll 
attribute them to [the dic]tates of a Heart strongly attached to 
you [& will] believe me verry truly. 

D r Sir 
Y r . obliged & obed' Serv f 

Hugh Wallace 
[ ] cts to 

] all y e family 
[ ]N Bar*. 

2 On January 2d. 

572 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[New York] January 9* 1769. 

You have doubtless heard of a Claim my Wifes [ 
to an immense Tract of Land granted by Charles the [ 1 st to 
Sir Rob]ert Heath his Attorney General extending from the 
31 st to the [36 th degre]e of North Latitude inclusively, and 
Westward from [ ] the Atlantic Ocean to the South 

Sea. Settlements were [made by Lor]d Maltravers, afterwards 
Earl of Arundel, 1 who was Charles [ generalissimo 

in his war with Scotland, which with the | Troubles 

prevented his farther Attention to it. Afterwards [ 
1696 M r . Coxes Great Grandfather, who had purchased 
fi]tted out two Ships, and embarqued a great 
Number of [ ] be provided at a very great 

Expence, with all kinds of [ ] well for improving 

the Lands as defending themselves [ entered] & sailed a 

good Way up the River Mississippi [ ] of the 

Country for the King by fixing up the Kings [ 
places, but were drove off by a Detachment of 
sent by M r . Ibberville 2 from the Illinois — [ coun] 

try to the East of the Mississippi continued in the | ] til 

the late Peace — M r . Coxe not being [a subject] of France, 
was obliged to desist from any after Attempts of settlement 
having sunk [ ] in that I have mentioned, and 

many others by L[ater ] for exploring the Country, and 

not being able to obtain [ ] of the Public, tho he was 

often promised it by W m . 3 d . 

At the last Peace the Family hoped to receive 
Original Rights, and made Dispositions for solliciting | 

1 Thomas Howard, second Earl of Arundel, at one time styled Lord 

2 Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d' Iberville, founder of Louisiana. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 573 

but by Negligence of their Agents nothing was done [ ] 

induced M r . Coxe my Brother in Law to visit England 
[himself] he went just before me, and is there yet. We had 
much [ ] with it while I remained in England it being 

treated as a[ ] obsolete Claim, which the Government 

ought not to [ ] and I left it much unsettled — 

By the last Pacquet he writes me, that [the government] had 
determined to recommend him to his Magisty for [a grant of] 
One hundred thousand Acres of Land in this Province [ 
Lieu of his surrendring his Claim, which they look on as [ 
a Compensation for the Losses the Family has sustained [ ] 

spirited Attempt which can be made appear to be [ 
Two hundred Thousand Pounds stg. besides the Loss of [ 

Adverse to a Contest with the Government he had] deter- 
mined to accept of this Offer poor as it is, com [pared] to his 
Losses, or the Extent of the Territories he claim [s 
remaining Difficulty is where to locate this Gra[nt with] 
advantage for himself and the rest of the [Family. 
I reckon myself one being entitled to an [ ] Wife. 

He desires me to endeavor to fix [ ] 

from any Person here, having attempted for [ 
discover a good Location for only 5000 Acres for [ 
Mandamus, but in vain. 

I am sensible I should do but little Justice to your 
disposition could I have the least doubt of your kind 
if] in your Power, (the Case of the Family which I 
[have] stated is hard) yet I ought to appologize for the Liberty 
[of insis]ting if you know where this Grant can be located 
that you would do me the Favor to inform me, 
[The mandam]us is not yet come so that there will be Time 
for ] the properest Location. I fear the Grant 

must be j I in one Piece, that having been the usual 

Course on [mandam Jus's, tho fearing there will be great Diffi- 
culty in [locating] at this day so large a Tract of valuable Land 
I to him if possible to procure the Liberty of 

574 Sir William Johnson Papers 

taking it up [ ] Parcels. Pardon the Liberty I have 

taken in giving [you this] Trouble 
I am 

With great Respect 
Dear Sir 
Your much obliged 

& most humble Servant 

J. T. Kempe 

A. L. S. 

[New York Jan. 9, 1769] 

I ] 

& pay Accounts ever since [ ] write 

my Letters — [ ] 

I had proposd writing you a very [ 
extraordinary Behavior of Phil Schuyler [ & 

Collonel of a Regiment of Militia, ; However [ 
Doctor Auchmuthy came to acquaint me he had [written you a 
letter] & Showd me the Copy — the Letter was Sent by the 
Exp[ress | the Warrants to Albany &c a for the Election 

of a [New assembly] I hope to God you will have received this 
Letter before [ ] you with Some Facts which you 

may Safely re[ly on concerning] the above bullying, courageous 
Gentleman — Indeed [nothing ] me more than that you 

Shoud fix upon Such a person, w[ho would be a] paltry Tool 
& meer Machine of a Faction in this Town [ ] your 

Avowd Enemies & are eternally doing every thing in their 

] to poison the Minds of People here, with 
Prejudices (which you [ ] Nay, which great Numbers 

know you do not deserve) against [you] & your Family — yet 
you have fixed upon him to be a Colonel [under] Your Com- 
mand — Schuylers Conduct in the House has Certainly [made] 
him the laughing Stock of every body, except the Faction of 

Post-War Period, 1 763-! 774 575 

I Presbiterians So far we will laugh at him — but there 
is | J of his Conduct in the Assembly, which points imme- 

diately to y[our family] which I cannot help taking Notice of 
& which I will leave you [to] resent as you think proper — 
It is Said here that during the last Election at Schenectady or 
Albany Some of your Family were [ ] & made some 

Oposition or did Something to contradict Some illegal or unfair 
Measures which were taking by Schuyler the Sheriff 1 — out of 
Resentment for This, Coll Schuyler Made a Motion in the house 


Sir] John to be member for Albany 
] gives me half so much 
| if you have a mind — do 
| Sir John & convince the Rascally Party of 
your Influence | | to See the Time when Sir John will 

make a Shining [Judge? in this] Province & we conceive it will 
be of Service to him to begin [ ] Assembly — the Sooner 

the better — Am I impertinent S r William [ ] Zeal 

I have for you & your Family — Nay I know [ ] 

Sir I do but Speak the Language of thousands [ ] have 

Some Reason to believe you will be wrote to by Some old [ 
of yours here upon the Subject — I will throw in my Mite also 
No Man loves you better — nor is more impatient at any Hint 
to your disadvantage — Damn them All — a pack of hipocriti- 
cal, Cheating, Lying, canting, illdesigning Scoundrells — how 
we wd have them all between our Finger & Thumb here in this 
City — & I am not the least afraid but we Shall Carry our Elec- 
tion All Hollow against the Miscreants — Notwithstanding all 
the Sly Endeavours of that Snake in the Grass — Will Smith 
— Your Brother CouncilF — O Tempora O Mores And not- 
withstanding the 3 hour Harangue of J. M. Scott the other Day 

1 Hermanus Schuyler, sheriff from June 1 761, to October 1 770. 

2 Several lines missing. Schuyler's motion was to prevent members of 
the council from interfering in elections. 

3 William Smith jr, the Historian. 

576 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in which he told the Mob, that the Church of England had fixed 
on a Design to extirpate all other Denominations of Christians & 
that unless they woud all rise up like One Man & Stick close to 
him, they woud Soon have their Steeples puled down & their 
pulpitts & Pews burnt [in] the Streets — whilst Rage, Dis- 
apointment & Dispair, made him [ ] like a Calf — 

Oh! Jimmy Thompson — Jimmy Thompson Oh! except 
] diverting & Ridiculous to the Bystanders 

1 [l arrived here St. John's day, when there was a grand pro- 
cession of the whole fraternity, and a very excellent sermon 
preached by Dr. Auchmuthy, at Trinity Church, on the occasion. 
At the same time a collection was made for the city, which I think 
amounted to £200. Would you think it — but it is true — that 
the Presbyterians immediately labored to convert this charitable 
affair to the disadvantage of the church of England, and the part 
which they take in the election ensuing? Will Smith and W. 
Livingston, got an old rascally sermon, called "Masonry the sure 
Guide to Hell," reprinted and distributed it with great assiduity, 
. . . and there is, this day, an extraordinary lodge held on the 
occasion in order to consult means to resent the affront.] 
Seems 9 [ ] of the City [ ] Stick by 

them & there is this [ ] Occasion in 

order to Consult [ ] the Schemes of 

that disperate Party [ ] & I hope they ever 

will do whilst they choose to [ ] Rights of 

Mankind — 

I have not Time to say any more than that I [ 
the greatest Sincerity, & Truth 

Sir Your most Obed* Servant 

John Wetherhead 

INDORSED: New York Jan r y 9 th . 1 769 
M r Wetherheads letter 

1 The following paragraph is supplied from an extract printed in W. L. 
Stone's Life and Times of Sir William Johnson, 2:318. 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 577 


[Wen;] Lorn/on //"> /an^ 1769 

The Susquehanna Company pay not [the least] Regard to 
what Col° Fitch and I have [ ] many of 

them was mentioned by the [Indians] in Councill at Fort Stanwix 
— they [say that] Great part of their Purchaise (which was 
[ absolutely lands within the Charter of the [Colo]ny of 
Connecticut) is now within the line [settled] by you between 
the Indians and [ ] Colonys and as they shall now 

have no res]pects with the Indians they determine 

to [settle] the land and for that purpose at this late [mee]ting 
at Hartford made provision for Fifty [ ] to go 

of this winter to lay out a Number [of to]wnships, Cut & pre- 
pare Roads &ca and [ ] five hundred Settlers are 
to set down [ ] lands Early in the spring — M r 
Goddard [ win]ter from Philadelphia is now in this [ 
tills me there's many People in [ ] Concerned in this 
Company [ ] the Best information. I Can get — 

go]od Number in New York and [ 
Some of them say they dont know but that the Right of 
Juris [diction is in] the province of pensilvania and so [belongs 
to Mr] Penn — but that the Right of Soil is [ ] 

in the Colony of Connecticut Free from [ ] or 

Incumbrances whatsoever — and they [ ] that 

Colony with the Consent of which [ made] the purchaise 

from the Indians — these [ ] Chiefly independants 

of the true stamp 

By Vessell from York [ ] are 

informed that the General Assembly of [ ] is Disolved — 

Some of the Whig party [ ] wrote to their Friends 

here that the desente[rs are] now determined to Exert themselves 
and [the ] Election would be the warmest ever known 


578 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] should oppose the Church with all their [ 
I sincerely hope they may meet with an [ disopoint- 

ment — and that those who | ] to the Church may not 

only Carry their [ ] that Citty but in Every County 

in the [ ] 

the Kings Speach is [ ] hand you 

will have it before this re [aches you. The] Gentry who have 
taken such Liberty s h[ere ] something alarmed, and 

I immag[ine ] if there Should be any news from 

] have it in the papers which I [ ] 

only add that I am with [ ] for 

your health and Happiness 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obed 1 . & most 
Hble serv*. 

Jos Chew 

[Mrs] Chew desires me to present her best Compliments [to] 
You — 

it seems by the Papers that Sir Jefy. Amherst 

has Come to as the saylers Say 
[ ] Sir William Johnson 

from samuel wharton 

[Philada.] January 11th 1769 

Day I was honored with your very kind [ 
the 29th Ultimo; — For Which I beg leave to [ ] 

you my warmest Thanks. 

my self very happy and under the strongest 

for the Friendship you entertain for Me and 

] of Service You so unreservedly tender Me, — 

[which] I assure You Sir, it will ever be my highest 

]tion, to merit the Continuance of. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 579 

[Eage]rly seizing every Opportunity to testify my Gratitude, 
] in the least express my cordial Attachment to Your 
] and Family, I please myself, in the Anticipation 
[ ] agreable Office 

[It wou]ld have yielded Me great Satisfaction, could I 
[have] waited on You at Johnson Hall, before my [ 
from America; But for the Reasons I [ ] in my last 

Letter, I found it impossible [ ] I persuade myself, 

You will be so [ excu]se it. 

extre]mely condescending and Obliging, [ ] 

let you know, Whether I would [ ] mention Me to 

his Lordship Or to [ | take the Freedom of 

[ ] 

propitious to American matters And as t[ ] 

his Removal And I shall have a strong rec[ ] 

Letter from Captain Pownal, To his Brother, [the secretary] 
of the Plantation Office, I am inclined to think, [ ] 

your Honor would be so kind, as to mention Me "in [ 
favorable Manner" (pray pardon my presumption in [ 
your very obliging Words) To the Board of Trade, [ 
avail me more, Then to his L. . . .d. . . .p; — But I hu[mbly] 
submit to Yourself, Which would be best or most agr[eeable to] 
You — 

If you could however, with any propriety give Me a [ 
to the Duke of Grafton, I am assured, as He is consid [ ] 

Premier of the Ministry, It would be of the greatest Usefulness] 
to Me. 

The Earl of Shelburne, When He was at the Head of [the] 
Southern Department, approved of the Restitution and [asked?] 
a Memorandum from Doctor Franklin to forward [the] Busi- 
ness, Which the Doctor informed Me of, in 0[ne of] his 
Letters. His Lordship [ ] out of the Administra- 

tion, 1 But Yet, if I was intro[ Him by your Honor, 

1 " Instigations to remove Lord Shelburne fell daily from the King."- 
Duke of Grafton's Memoirs. 

580 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am convinced, [ ] it would be of unspeakable Use 

to Me. 

I am ashamed to be thus explicit, But the [affectionate] Man- 
ner, In Which you have been pleased [to inform me] of your 
Inclination to serve Me, will I [flatter myself apologise] for it; 
And for my soliciting You [to suggest, that my Partners and 
self, were the only British Merchants who have seconded the 
Kings measures by our Traffick at the Illinois Country] and 
Our Losses consequent thereof. 1 

[Dr Coxe and] his associates sent a Petition to his 

Philadelphia, Three weeks before it was known 

| Boundary was obtained at Fort Stanwix 

consequence before They knew, Whether a 

Cession [ ] procured or Not. 

]at a Copy of their petition and I assure You, 
not contain One single Fact, 
with pleasure I know you will hear and 1 here- 
fore [ ] the Liberty of informing You, That M r . 
Peters [has] evidenced his great Regard for Truth and Justice, 
[by] his writing to the Proprietor, a faithfull and circum[stan] 
tial account of the Claims of the Merchants, Who [ 
Traders in 1 754 and of their unjust Expectation [ 
Part of the Grant, Which is made to the Sufferers [in 1763.] 
In short, He has acted consistently with [his character of an 
upright Clergyman & firm Friend. 

[I have attentively adverted to your Honor's Reasons [for 
not?] furnishing Me, with the Minutes, relative to [Governor] 
Penn and his Councellors' Answers to the Questions] to Them, 
concerning the Retribution, — [ ] you for and will 

follow your Advice [ 

[The Assembly is now] setting. But the Governor has not 

"Condescension" (as Sir H. Moore 

1 Burned portions of this paragraph supplied from an extract made by 
Professor Clarence E. Carter, of Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, before 
the fire. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 581 

[ ] in permitting Them to [ ] 

and Whenever He does [ ] I have [ ] 

the leading Members of the Impracticability of regu]lating a 
Commerce without the Jurisdiction [ ] The Con- 

fusion and Consequences, That m[ust ] result from 

Traders going to the Indian [Villages in] all the different 
Colonies, under dissimilar [Regulations] &c, and withal, if They 
do engage in it, They must [ ] pay for the building 

& supporting Trading House [s and cara] vansaries &c — 

The Requisiton from the Governor of South Caro[lina to] 
his Assembly, To garrison Fort George and Fort C [ 
Letters from thence advise, was merely for the Indian [ 
And That the Assembly, considering it, in that Light [ 
it, As you will observe by their Answer to the Gove[rnor 
Colonel Scott was in this City about Three Weeks [ago 
was very inquisitive of every Person He conversed [with] (Who 
were many, as He dined with Abundance of [ ] and 

had much Respect showed to Him) in resp[ect to] Our Trade 
with Great Britain, The Number of [ ] Inhabi- 

tants, The Quantity of cleared Land in [ ] The 

Nature of our Taxes, The state of our p[ublic] Funds, The 
plan of our late Loan Office [ ] Amount of our 

Exports and Imports And in [short | was diligent in the 

Investigation of every [Particular?] Which related to the police 
of this Government ] Connexion with Great Britain, 

Wh[ conjectured, He was in the Character 

] Enquirer, But I rather apprehend [ ] 

of Materials, in Order to figure [with ] gone to the [ ] 

[ ] 

a great Pannick among [ ] the moderate 

sensible People with [ ] That from the present 

Temper of [Great Britain?] all her American Children, 
Whether dutifull [ ] will be considered and 

involved in One [common] Predicament — Which God forbid? 
[It is sai]d, some late Letters from London mention, | 

582 Sir William Johnson Papers 

first Step, which will be persued by Parliament] will be to 

abrogate the Charter of Boston. 

[Colonel] Scot told me, That Gov r . Bernard 1 had lost [ 

Credit with the G. . . .l's Family, as They found [ ] 

penurious (giving Them Teneriffe Wine — [ ] at 

Dinner) — and They did not hesitate to say, That [ 

made, They believed, Representations home [ mu]ch 

from Passion and Resentment. 

] waiting for the arrival of the November packet 

] proceed in the One, which is Now at New York 

for] Falmouth; And as I am much engaged in 

prepa [rations for] my Voyage, I have Now only Time to add, 

] most ardently wish the perfect Restoration of 

[your health] and That I shall esteem it the greatest i 

Me, to be honored with a Letter Now and [ ] , being 

most respectfully and with 

the greatest Regard 
Y r faithfull Fr d . and much obliged 

Sam l . Wharton 
] the two, Which I [now inclose] 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 413, is listed a letter of January 12th 
from Normand MacLeod, at Niagara, acknowledging letters and men- 
tioning Captain Brown's visit to little Niagara, MacLeod's method of 
obtaining bread, a freshet at the Geneseeo Castle and a belt given to 
Grant's Indian. (Wrongly dated 1 768.) 

1 Sir Francis Bernard, Governor of Massachusetts, 1 760-69. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 583 


Johnson hall Jan» 12 th 1769 

Agreable to M r Sam 1 Whartons request I [here] with inclose 
to you, Certified Copys of Accounts [depjosited in my Office, — 

I have not heard from him in Answer to my [ ] of 

the 29th ult°. and therefore imagine he may be [ 
England, in which case you will please to send [ ] after 





]t Moment I received a letter 
[from] M r . Samuel Wharton dated 
[ ] Decb r . 


To M r . Tho s . Wharton 

w' 1 *. Copys of Acc tts . 


Df. 2 

Johnson hall Jan* 1 3 ih 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

Since my last of the 4th Inst I had the favor of yours of the 
2 d . with the Vouchers of M r Croghans former Accot & accom- 
panying a pacquet from Lord Hillsborough on the Subject you 
mention, concerning which I am intirely of your opinion about 
the difficulty of Ascertains, the respective Quotas of the Colo- 
nies, concerned or of obtaining a Reimbursement of the money 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

584 Sir William Johnson Papers 

from them — tho' it was impossible that I should have foreseen 
the intentions of the Crown respecting this, the Com rs . did not 
come impowered to pay any of the purchase and the dispatch 
with which it was to have been carried into execution would not 
admit of adjusting these Matters, — as the Grant was to the Crown 
& would increase the Revenue I thought the Crown sho d . purchase 
it, and altho' I suppose the Provinces might have disagreed about 
the purchase & thereby protracted the settlement of the Line & 
disappointed the Indians at the Meeting, yet am I persuaded that 
those acquainted with the value of the Cession will allow that 
there are many persons who would gladly pay the whole 
ammount of the Expence for the fifth part of it. 

I should think that if the Government did not Consider the 
Quit rent as an object of Sufficient Value, they can easily be 
reimbursed by Sale of part, or by subjecting each Grant to 
some fine &c 

I believe it will be pretty soon found necessary for the Crowns 
continuing some farther expence or attention to the Affairs of 
Commerce with the Indians, as I apprehend that the presump- 
tion of a Colony attention to these matters may not be 
altogether relied upon, for the rest, the Estimate I sent you to 
be transmitted to the Sec>' of State was so very low, its establish- 
ments so few, and the additional Sum so very little beyond that 
directed by the Crown that it is impossible to diminish it, without 
laying aside the affairs of the Indians & I imagine the Govern- 
ment will be so sensible of this that it will be approved of, — 
Lord Hillsborough desires that after Consulting with you, on 
the Subject I sh d . transmit an Estimate of what I think the State 
of the Service in the Departm 1 . may require to be laid before 
his Majesty for his Consideration, as this is already done & that 
we may soon expect the result, I must beg the favor of your 
Advice respecting the rest as the Commissarys &ca must be 
called away, and every thing laid aside at a Critical period unless 
the Consideration of these Matters should manifest the necessity 
there is for waits, his Majestys farther orders. 

Gen l . Gage 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 585 


D. S. 

[J anK) 14* 1769 
[Advert] izement 

] Freemen and Freeholders of the Town | 
Schenectady — 

I having received a Writ issued out of the Court of Chancery 
of the Province of New York to me directed for the Election of 
a Representitive for the said Township of Schenectady, Do by 
Virtue thereof and in Pursuance of the Directions of an Act of 
the Governor Council and General Assembly of the said 
Province of New York, Give this Publick Notice to all the 
Freeholders and Freemen of the said Township of Schenectady 
that I intend to hold the said Election on Monday the tv/enty 
third day of January Ins 1 , at Nine O Clock in the Forenoon of 
the same Day at the Dwelling House of Robert Clench of the 
said Township at which time and Place all and every the Free- 
men and Freeholders of the said Township of Schenectady are 
hereby warned to assemble and meet together to elect and choose 
by Plurality of Voices one able & sufficient Freeholder of my 
Bail wick to be the Representitive for the said Township pursuant 
to the Directions of the above mentioned Act and of Another 
Act of the Governor Council and General Assembly aforesaid 
in that Case made & provided 

Har. Schuyler Sheriff 


D. S. 


the 14 lh January 1769 

] the Freemen and Freeholders of the City [and] 
County of Albany — 

I, having received a Writ issued out of the [Cou]rt of Chan- 
cery of the Province of New York to me directed [for] the 

586 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Election of Representitives for the said City and County of 
Albany, Do by Virtue thereof and in Pursuance of the Direc- 
tions of an Act of the Governor Council and General Assembly 
of the said Province of New York, Give this Publick Notice to 
all the Freeholders and Freemen of the said City and County of 
Albany that I intend to hold the said Election on Thursday the 
twenty Sixth day of January Ins 1 , at nine of the Clock in the 
forenoon of the same day at the City Hall of the said City of 
albany at which time and Place all and every the Freemen and 
Freeholders of the said City and County are hereby warned to 
assemble and meet together to elect and choose by Plurality of 
Voices two able sufficient Freeholders of my Bailiwyck to be the 
Representatives for the said City and County of albany Pursuant 
to the Directions of the above mentioned Act And of another 
Act of the Governor Council and General Assembly aforesaid in 
that Case made and provided 

Har. Schuyler Sheriff 


[Albanny] 15 Jan*. 1769 II O Clock 
Hon d . Sir 

I this moment rec d . yours, as Soon as Snow Comes shall send 
you Poultry, at Present theres none to be had. the Sloops 
Came up last week and Delivered y r . things at the Dock and 
Ever Since its Quite Summer. Nothing fresh to be had on any 
terms. Shall order the wigg as you direct, the Assembly 
disolved and the Writts for a new Election Came up last night. 

at New York the Strongest Election ever known all in uproar 
& Confusion already, how it will be here is not known yet. the 
Sheriff detains your man to take up Some Advertisements & Let- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 587 

ters. if any thing is intended of any new representatives from 
the Mohawks the Sooner we Can know it the better. 
I am with all Due respectfull Esteem 

Hon d Sir Your most Obed hum e Serv' 

R Cartwright 

Our Court opens on tuesday Judge Livingston Comes up by 
[ ] to try the Criminal [ 

] since your [ ] 

[ ] Johnson Barro*. 


The Hon ,e . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

M'. Cart[ ] 

Ans d . [ ] 

A. L. S. 

New York 16 th . J anK 1769 

Major Gorham deliver'd me your favour of 6 th . Ult. he is 
turning his face again to the old Country it seems & yesterday 
took his leave of America once more 

M c . Clay your Dollar Man got back two or three days ago, 
he had a labrious jaunt for want of Snow, it seldom deserts a 
Traveller as it did him, so far North at this Season, Albany will 
feel the severe effects the absence of it will produce, if it does 
not return again, frequent thaws in Winter are the ruin of this 
Country, a Uniform season of frost & Snow from New Year to 
the last of february wo'd improve This Climate much, — The 
Proprietary Agents were put to it to raise so much Silver, I was 
lucky enough to collect near One half of it by Bill on philad 3 . 
when Nothing else wou'd do it. — It is reported here I dont 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

know upon what foundation, that the Crown has paid or is to 
pay the Expence of all the pensilvania Boundary or back Line, 
except the Gore or Line you agreed for, more Than the Line 
The Crown propos'd to [have] comprehended — then 1 thou- 
sand Dollars is a bountifull price [ ]etch, unless its' 
extensive indeed — 

The Election here is [ two] of the late Members 

James De Lancey & M r . Walton will be [ ]t back 

again, with the old Mayor M r . Cruger, a fourth 2 [ 
they threaten the Council with mighty Matters if [ 
apprehend their threats weigh much [ ] 


more irksome to them 


The Majority 
as they please [ 
than it [ 



ith y[ 




I have a late Letter from 
Lord Adam he says his friends 
upbraid him with his friendship for 
America — Lord Drummond had a Letter 
of recommendation from him to you, the 
Seeds &c you sent him prosper well — 

S R Will Johnson Barr" 

S r . William Johnson Barr" 
at Johnson Hall, Near 
Mohawks River — 
To the care of M r . Monier 

forwarded by Jn°. Monier 22 d Jan? 1 769 


1 Ten thousand dollars, the amount paid by the Proprietors of Pennsyl- 
vania to the Indians for lands in 1 768. 

2 The New York assemblymen chosen in 1 769 were John Cruger, 
James De Lancey, Jacob Walton and James Jauncey. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 589 

A. L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Janr? 17 l K 1769 

I have Just received a Joint letter from You & M r . Ten Eyck 2 
wherein You Express a desire for what Interest I have at the 
ensuing Election, which You do me the honour to think of Im- 

As I did not apprehend that I should have had any reason 
to retract the Sentiments I formerly conceived of You, 3 It is 
not with out some concern that I have been given to Understand 
by Sundry Persons that You have at N York taken such 
libertys with my Character & Animadverted upon My Conduct 
in such a Manner as (if the proof is well founded) I cannot 
help taking notice of, My Information on this Head is but Just 
received & therefore I have taken the earliest opertunity of com- 
municating it to You, as I would by no means condemn any Gen- 
tleman unheard, & that You may be enabled to Assure me that 
the charge is without foundation, or otherwise as the case realy 
is, So as I may Govern myself as I ought on such an Occasion. — 

I might have been silent on this Subject but that it is neither my 
Inclination to Suffer any Man to treat me 111 with Impunity, nor 
too readily to admit such a Charge against a Person for whom 
I have had an Esteem, and one who could have had no Motive 
or foundation for treating me as has been represented. — The Can- 
dour and plainness with which I have mentioned this Matter to 
You will doubtless induce You to Satisfy me as Soon as possible 
In the Manner I am inclined to believe You can, & indeed it 
would appear Unaccountable in me to view it in any positive 

1 In the New York Public Library, New York City. 

2 Jacob H. Ten Eyck and Philip Schuyler were members of the 30th 
and the 31st assembly, 1 768-69, and 1 769-75. 

3 See letter of February 29th, 1 768, from Johnson to Schuyler. 

590 Sir William Johnson Papers 

light before I heard from You As I believe the only Error I was 
guilty of at the late Treaty 1 was my neglecting to Send away 
or bind over those Missionaries who attended then for their 
unprecedented Conduct of which I have good proofs in my 
Hands., Having in everry thing else so conducted myself that 
I have reason to rejoice at the good Success with which I ter- 
minated so difficult and important an undertaking, so that the 
report that you have faulted my Conduct and accused me of 
Misrepresenting the behaviour of those Missionaries is verry 
Improbable, and shall not have its full weight with me until the 
receipt of your Answer determines me upon the Subject. 

I had almost forgot to mention that it is conceived, that the 
attempting to get a Law to prevent the Members of the Council 
from Voting Intermeddling & ca was levelled at Me, however 
Unusual or Extraordinary such a Step may appear, the Success 
of this event has rendered any application for my little Interest 
unnecessary, but altho You are mentioned on this Occasion I 
am inclined to Suspend my belief on this as well as the rest 

You will please to assure M r . Ten Eyck of my Freindship, 
and do me the Justice to belive that my not giving You a Satis- 
factory Answer on the Subject of your Application is owing to 
the Causes I have already mentioned. 

I am, Sir 

Your most Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
INDORSED: Sir William Johnsons 


Jan'. 1 7 h 1 769 
No. 990 

1 The treaty of Fort Stanwix, from October 24th to November 6th, 
1 768, to fix a boundary line between the Indian lands and the colonies. 
See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N.Y.,8:\\ 1-37. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 591 


[i42&o9. /<™ p . 20, /769] 

] d . yours here is nothing Certain 
[ ] of the old ones — in Case of An Election 

[ ] Some of Abraham Cuyler with Phil [Schuyler] 

but nothing Certain as yet Concluded [ ] believe 

Most People wait to hear from you [ ] s not what will 

be agreed on 

[ ] Court, this day ends the Jury brought in a [verdict 

of manslaughter, for Legget. who Shot a man at Claverack. 
two Irishmen Condemned for Robbing [ ]ch man I write 

this among Clouds of tobacco [no]ise & Confusion, if you 
intend anything let us know as soon Possible I am with great 

Hon d . Sir 

Your most obed 1 . & Very hum e Serv 1 . 

R. Cartwright 
[ ] 8 o Clock 

] kind Comp ls 

] make your resolve 

] us know 


The Hon le Sir William Johnson Baro 1 . 

Johnson Hall 

592 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Reading Town, New Jersey, Jan. 20, 1769] 

mos]t Lasure part of the Season 
| to have Such further Instructions 
| lands 1 as my be Nessarey for that 
Purpose | ]y be a Probability that the Tennants 

on the | ] Will Give Moore for them, then A 

thousand ]d the Governor Should not chuse to 

Give as | ] be Offerd, Weather in this case, I may 

be at Lib[erty to dispose] of them at the best Aduantage — 

m]y Return to Weyomee I found the weather So 
Sever ] most Impossible to git up the river to 

Settle with the [ ] winter, — But Shall not Neglect 

to have it done Earley [ 

Pleas to Let my directions be Under cover [ 
Duff at the Post Office in New Brunswick, 

Congratulate your Honour, on the happy conclusion 

[ ] 

And Am With the greatest Esteame and 

Sir William 

Your Most Obedient 

and verey hum le Servant 

Amos Ogden 

INDORSED: N Jersey Jan re y. 20 th 1769 
Cap*. Ogdens Letter 
.concerning y e . Nanticoke 
Lands — 

The Nanticoke lands in Maryland. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 593 

/~{ . /.». o. 

[5c/ienec/a] Jy f/je 22^ January 1769 

] pleasure of Receiving your favour of yesterday with 

a packe] t of letters which Shall be forwarded by the Post 

] to thank you for the Bill of £1500 on M r . Mortier 

] Came in a good time to Answer a Sum which I was 

] at New York — as yet the letters are not Arrivd 

]thy do Shall forward them by the first Opportunity 

| got you a Set of the best Harnises that Can be [ a] t 

Albany — M r Willett makes them as good as what [ a]t 

New York provided his has but the Brass work [ 

Necessary to Compleat them 

Our News here relating to Election [ ] is So 

Confused — that I am at a loss to give a distinct [ ] the 

proceedings in this little place, the people in [ since] the 

last Election has been giddy with their Success [ ]ved 

thir licentious not unlike the Restless Spirit [of ancient?] Rome, 
On Receiving your letter last Monday [ ] 

jointly wrote you I Sent for a few of [ shewd] 

your letter & to Consult up[ ] that twelve 

of [ ] 

there would be any Opposition ] Our party 

Accordingly ] hoped we Should have 

no truble ] We Recommended M r 

Mynderse | | to Inform you was that Some days 

bef[ore ] that M r Schermerhorns party knowing thy 

C[ould Selves — was to Set up Isaac Vroman one 

of endeavor to devide our Interest. & by that 

means | door for them Selves to walk in — but to return 

| proposed M r Mynderse Mr Glen made Answer | 
Billet for it. which was a verry modest pro[posal Mr 

Schermerhorn an Equal Chance where he [ ] against him. 

594 Sir William Johnson Papers 

however of Course we woud not [ ] Isaac Vroman Was 

present all the time & ind [ ] Glen & Some More of that 

party had been at [ ] & was Just Returned 

the Same day we me[t ] Imediately discover by M r 

Vroman that he [ ] person & that he was Acting 

a part that [ a come outer?] Thursday Night E«nded & 

nothing ag[reed to ] Friday — a good many of the livelong 

frinds [ ] by being Set up by M r Vroman 

[ ] Not being present the Night before 

[ ] 

then on[ ] A great 

many of our party [ ] Vroman to know from 

[ ] 

[ ] means whilst we were 

[ ] of M r Schermerhoms party 

[ ] from them both or otherways M r . 

[ ] get in unless he was put in by the others 

] a Shame it would be to him hereafter to be 

a turn] Coat — he made No Other Answer but that he 
woud [ ven]ture let the Consequence be what it would 

night] Ending & nothing Agreed to — 
On Saturday those that was Affronted [ in]g 

present — at the preceeding meetings — Assembly with 

Vro]man & M r Schermerhoms party — at One Vro- 
mans House [ ]erd us at M r Clenchs. that as M r 

Vroman & [Mr Mynder]se was of the Same party — that 
they Should [draw ] & as M r Vroman was One of the 

Trustees 1 & has | ] been Against M r Schermerhorn. 

(Altho now Acting a [ ] part) We Came to an 

Agreement in writing that [ ] billet for it — which 

thy did & M r Mynderse has [ ] Assembly 

man, so that all that Can be Said [ ] party 

that knowing they Could do Nothing [ ] One of 

ther own party — it was Six [ ] before we 

Trustees for the Township of Schenectady. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 595 

brocke up from Company. I Shewed [ ] here 

who I Assure you as well [ ] Obligations to 

you for your warm [ ] Town & thy beg'd 

[ ] 

Night that I am a[fraid ] my Meaning out 
of this [ ] 

I C[ ] but that the 

Old Members will be in [ ] & Tuesday you 

have been looked for h[ere ] Fonday Reported 

that you told him you w [ ] M r Van Eps had his 

Boat Ready & Cuting a [ ] the Shore this News 

went to Albany like lightning [ ] in great 

Suspence for Several days & Expectations [ ] to put 

in Some Gentleman from your p[lace ] the Mohawk River 

which would be no more [ ] 

I am afraid before you [ ] this long letter 

you will be tired Enough. [ ] No more than 

that M rs Campbell begs her [ ] Compliments 
& am Dear Sir with 

Respect Yo[ ] 

[ ] 

Da[niel Campbell] 

from james tilghman 

Philadelphia Jan. 22*. 1769 

I reced your favor of the 3 d ult by M r M c Clay [ ] 

the receipt of ten thousand dollars the Proprietery purchase 
| late Purchase of the Indians at Fort Stanwix. 
And M r delivered Me the Indemnification signed 

by Mr Peters and [ ] which I am obliged to you. I was 

in good hopes the [ ] could have been at Johnson Hall 

at the time appointed [ ] of their money And that 

an End would have been [ ] the affair But since it So 

596 Sir William Johnson Papers 

happens that some of their [principal] men must be called 
together to receive the money, I [ ] intire confidence 

that in this as in other Instances [ ma]ke the Proprietary 

expence as light as possible. For | | whole it will 

be an expensive affair, tho I must [think] the purchase a very 
advantageous one, except it [ ] very much 

embarrassed by the Yankeys. However, [ ] soon 

as they will they will find People in possession [ 
their darling Object. There are at this Instant [a number] 
of Houses building on that Tract which has [ 
for the Proprietarys above a month ago. | under 

the direction of Amos Ogden and some [ | and I 

flatter myself youl think the Step [ ] I am yet 

in hopes those strange wrong headed people will come to a better 
Sence [ ] very unjust wild Project aside. 

M r Croghan showed me a Power of Attorney [from Mon- 
tour for him the Securing the title to the Land at the [place 
on the Sus]quehanna called French Margarets for which I g[ot 
a] writing of Preference at Fort Stanwix As I [understand the] 
Place is to be disposed of for the Use of his Mother 
] I would willingly become the Purchaser of his 
adv[antage Preference as I can have the Opportunity 

of] adding some more good Land in that quarter to it 

be pleased to set a reasonable Price 
upon it And ha[ ] to me the writing I gave him 

I will remit you the m[oney or] if you chuse to write to M r 
Croghan to treat with me [ ] it would 

do as well. Let it be just as you think [ The 

Proprietary purchase money and expence of sfurveying and] 
Patenting will amount to near twenty pounds per hun[dred 
acres] and I think it will be the same thing to the [ 
to dispose of it before, as after it is purchased of [ 
I am persuaded youl believe I do not want to [ ] you 

any favor in the Price of the Land. I decla[re that I do not] 
have any reasonable expectation of your [deviating] 
from the line of your Trust nor do I [ ] sure 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 597 

you would not ask me a gr [eater price to 

have it at a lower Price than another [ ] thing 

is done in the matter the better, as the [ ] 

certainly be upon it in the Spring if it be not [ ] 

before. If you do not chuse to dispose of it in the [ 

tion, I will very readily do you any Service I can [ ] 

securing it. This Purchase was an Object I had in [ 

Fort Stanwix and Spoke to M r Croghan to obtain [it for me] 

if it lay in his way Youl be pleased to give [me the] favor 

of an answer by the first Post 

[M r M c ] Clay informs me he met with or heard of several of 

[ ] people in Your parts who were embarking in the 

] scheme I trust that whenever it lays in your way 

discourage us much as possible the pretensions of 

peop]le which you well know to be so very groundless 

[If you s]hould at any time have any matter to execute here 

you]l freely command me not only as a Proprietary 

[but in] my private capacity as a person who retains 

| Sense of your Civilities at Fort Stanwix 
] my compliments to Sir John Col°. Johnson 
] and tell Guy, my advice to him is not 
[ early] 

I am 

Y r most obedient & 

very hble Servant 

James Tilghman 


] Johnson 


[ ] 

Ans rd . [16 th ] Feby. 

1 769 by M'. 

Croghan — 

598 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Niagara 23 d ]an r ^ 1769 

[ On] the 9 th Ins 1 , I had the honor of receiving 

[ ] of the 24 th November and 8 th December by 

] De Coaugne, and three days agoe yours of the [ ] ber 
by Indians, by the same Conveyance [ ] Letter from the 

Commander in Cheif in which [ ]s me that The 

Officers of the Indian Department p]osts have been Con- 

tinued for some time [ t]han was first proposed, The 

Provinces concernd [ fu]ture Manadgement of the Indian 

Trade having [not tak]en any Resolutions, or made any Regula- 
tions [for takjing it on, according to the System that | jnted, 
therefore desireing that provisions [ ] d to them as usual, which 
was im [ ] — I can only add that there [ 

the order given out at this place [ ] as Possible, 

in The Commander in Cheifs own words [ 
29 th August; and I have [ ] Same, or Contrary 

order und [ ] received by the Indians under 

[ ] 

Allow me to thank you in[ ] manner for your 

care in forwarding [ ] for this place, and to beg 

that you will ] forward the Inclosed, and beleive me 

[ ] the outmost respect 


Your Most Obedient 

humble Servant 

John Br [own] 

P. S. We have no news here of any | ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 599 


Sc/i* */ie 23 d January 1769 9 ° Clock at Night 

M r Campbell has Inform'd you that Every thing was [agreed] 
to by all parties — M r Vroman has Revolted — [ 
Our Side & has Espoused M r Schermerhorn party [ 
a most Vile mark, & in Short has been guily [ ] many 

dirty Actions, that its Increditable to belive [ 

We have the Greatest part of M r Schermerhorn [ 
Against us — & a few disafacted people of our [ 

] party — In the Agreement we have Secured 
Six [ ] Opposit party — to Vote for us which they 

have done [ ] the [Articels?] they ought to be 

On our Side, but we Cant [reckon?] upon them — John Glen 
Cornelous Cuyler & Abraham [Van Eps are] three of them 

We have wrote Sir John Col n Claus [ 
the head — We Cant well Inform you how the Election will go 
— but in all [ ] well then a way with the Election 

from [ ] your Interest Appears here 

Therefore beg leave Your [Honor will] Send us down Such 
Votes — as you know of [ ] here Inclosed you A 

list of their names or w[ ] you dont know them All 

we have Just to Add [ ] We Are Sir with Great truth 

& Respect 

Your most Obedient 
serv ls 

Daniel Camp [bell] 
Jn° B V Eps 
Jacobus Mynders 
Jn°. Brown 
John Sand[ers] 
Tobyas Ten [Eyck] 
And w . M 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

600 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

[Cach]neWago 23 d Janur» 1769 

[ ] Hendrick Vrooman arived [ ni]ght 

from Schonectady with [ ] itings of Ba*. Vrooman & By 

[ ] here from Barents Sone he [has no] 

Minde to Sell But I will [ ] more go to him and 

Perswed [ ] to Do it as I thinck it will 

[ ] Best — for if he Does not Sell [ 

High Intrest will Ete op the [ ] I will Come in 

with them [ ] sonne as I Can get Bar 1 to go 

Cap 1 . Conine has Bene [ ]t Buying that 

Place some thime [ ] et is now in the way I will 

Indever [ ] out. 

As my Dere leather I [ ] not get from 

albany afther [ ] 3 thimes for it so I got 

[ ] Vrooman for to pick out [ bejst 

five nation Skins By [ ] as you may See the 

[ inc]losed in a Letter to me [ 

the Inclosed Letter [ ] 

whom was to [ ] Jacobes mind[er 

sons success ,] I Send the Incl[ ] 

the Dere Leather [ | I thinck it is 

Der[ ] But that I Remane [ ] 

Dutifull Humbe 

Ser[ ] 

Jellis F[onda] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 601 


TVeu) York /an'*; 23^: 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

I thank you for your Favor of the 4 th Ins*, and for dispatching 
my Letters to Niagara. The Extract you transmitted from 
Cap 1 . Glazier's Letter is much in Substance to his Reports to me. 

As there are continualy Reports Spread in the upper Country, 
which are as often transmitted to us, of the Intrigues of the 
French and Spaniards to excite the Indians to make war upon 
the English it is proper to know if any Proofs can be had, that 
these Transactions of the French and Spaniards are done by 
Authority and with the Consent or orders of the Governor of 
Louisiana. Nothing so easy as for the foreign traders to go 
amongst the Nations, and Say to them just what they please, 
and it is Natural they should endeaver, by Authority too, to 
gain as many Nations to their Interests as they can; with which 
we can have no Reason to reproach them, as we aim at the same 
thing. Indians who generaly Magnify may construe these En- 
deavors to the exciting them to commit Hostilities. And when 
they find we listen too eagerly to their Tales, if they have no true 
Intelligence to give us, they invent News ; so that it is not easy to 
discover whether they relate Truth or Falsehood. And besides, 
I am of opinion they would be glad to embroil us with the 
French, for our Quarrells are the Indian Harvests. I mention 
thus much to you because if any Proofs can be had that the 
French or Spaniards have by the authority of their Superiors, 
endeavored to persuade the Savages to strike the English, The 
King's Ministers would make Serious Representations upon it 
to the French Court. I have received the Strongest Assurances 
from Don Ulloa before He and his Spaniards were sent away 
from New Orleans, in the late Revolt, which happened there, 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

602 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and also from Mons r . Aubry, of their Desire to Maintain the 
Peace in the upper Country, as consistent with our Mutual 
Interests. And the latter had published a Severe Proclamation 
against any French Traders who Should come into His Majesty's 
Territorys, or any Persons who should excite the Savages to 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R . W M . Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: Janry. 23 d . 1 769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

A. L. S. 1 

New York Jan^. 23 d . 1769. 

Dear Sir, 

I have received yours of the /5 th . Ins f : and am to acquaint 
you, that I learn by the Packet which arrived on the /8 th ., that 
the Estimate of the Deputys Interpreters &c a . proposed by you to 
be added to your Department is gone home, tho' nothing as yet 
determined upon it, but a Decision is promised very soon. 

What Methods will be taken by the Crown to recover the 
Money expended in the late Indian Purchase, I can't say, but 
I think Adventurers in Lands who before purchased of the 
Indians May now purchase of the Crown independent of the 
Quit Rents. 

With respect to the Commissarys &c a . being called away on 
which you ask my opinion, I see no better Method, as Lord 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 603 

Hillsborough Says very positively that the sum allowed in the 
Report of the Board of Trade is not to be exceeded, than imme- 
diately to discharge every officer who can be spared, and pay 
the rest out of the £3000 allowed to Indians for Presents ; who 
have lately received such large Quantitys of Presents, as to admit 
of our being very Sparing in Presents for some time to come. 

They were so busy in Parliamentary Business when the last 
Letters left England, that Many less Affairs could not be 
attended to. The Affairs of America were coming under Ex- 
amination, and it's Said the House is unanimous to support the 
Rights of Great-Britain. You will see the King's Speech with 
the Addresses of both Houses in the publick Papers. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 
S R W M . Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: N York Jam-y. 23 d . 1769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 


A. L. S. 

Niagara, 23 d Jan'» 1769 

] before Yesterday I had the pleasure of 
] of the 30 th Dec r . by two Oneidas. 
Cap*] Brown has receiv'd some orders from the Gen- 
eral Department; as it was last night in Garrison 
[ ] the Commissary and others Belonging to the 
Indian | I should act and receive provisions & ca . as 
formerly. ] now you have receiv'd my letters, one 
with the order [ ] for a free Market the other 
enclos'd a coppy of the [ ] Passes. That same 

604 Sir William Johnson Papers 

market, as I formerly had the pleasure [ ]ting you, is 

likely to be productive of no good. four days ago 

Ca, nun, da, wee, a a Chief of the | ] that has allways 

been in the French interest, came [ ] being stopt at the 

Market the Soldiers began to lay [hands on] the Vanison, and 
carry it away as usual without [ ] your leave or 

with you leave, some throwing down [ ] bread others 

a Charge or two of Gun Powder, at last [ an]d his fair 

Spouse got out of humour and seized a [ j each with 

which they began to Clout the Soldiers. [ ] the 

Traders interfering stoped the Indian & squa [w j much 

mischief, however M r . Canun, dawee, a [ ] orders 

to let him pass to the lower Town, told [ ] was time 

for the Indians to take care of [ Engjlish began to use 

them very ill it was [ ] war and said he would 

soon get [ ] the hearing of M r [ 

[ ] 

Traders that their [ ] five 

Nations, which [ ] but that I would Soon 

] Wa,mi,na,bo,Jou. in- 
tended [ ] if he do and I find it of any [ ] 
acquaint you with the same and [ ] The pro- 
visions the Officers of the Depart [ment ] for stoping them was 
in force will be mad [ ] provisions I gave the 
Ind ns . in and since [ ] be return'd to the Kings 
store at this place, [ ] 60011 of flour which I hope 
you'll be so good [ ] here as soon as Convenient in 

If there's a Blacksmith to be at this Post when [ 
ment of the Department is Changed, it will be [ 
for whoever has the care of the Department then, [ 
with an other Shop, all manner of tools, Iron [ ] 

Decouaigne desires me to Mention to you that [ 
Bearer sent two Blankets to Molly: I hope Sir [ ] as 

Secure me the £147. . 1 1 . . due me by him. I have [ 
of his Speeches to the Indians since I had the pi [easure ] to you 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 605 

about them, but if I yet find any Certain [ ] 

made any such Speeches, I shall send him Exp[ 
The place I am at present lodged in, since the [ ] 

New Fort is very inconvenient for my Business as [ 
to come within the Small Fort and consequently [ ] 

prevents my having them little tete a [tetes ] in which the 

most Commonly unboso[m themselves ] reason I have 

Some thoughts of rem[oving ] I will not be so lyable 

to be pest[ered by the] Commandants who know not[hing of 

] own, but as this will be all [ 
sixty pound; I do not [ ] 


the Geneseeos will cost 


are to pay them for their trouble 
| here but not Much. 

be kindly remember'd to you 
I am 
Your Most Obedient and 
Most Humble Servant 

Nor d . Mac Leod 

If you have no Service for me (which I hope you [ ] 

I hope you'll be kind enough to think of me when [the pro] vinces 
make their appointments if they make any [ ] appoint- 

ments or if they intend to employ Gentlemen and [ the]m a 

Comfortable living 

you keep Capt Johnson I mean Colonel Guy 
Johnson [ ] or he is Groun very lazy for of late I 

seldom | I pleasure of hearing from him 

606 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Mao yorfe, /an. 23, 1769] 

[ M 

for another [ ] today & will 

Cause [ ] interested in this Affair 

[ ] there will be two men [ ] the 

Contest is the Church against the [ Independents 

— those infamous hipocritical who have for 

some Years ruled this Province ] & want Still 

further to aggrandize themselves [ ] Expence of 

the Religious Liberty of every [ ] Denomination of 

Christians, but more especially [the Church] of England & the 
Dutch Church, but Thank God [ we shall do 

for them this Trip — if the Devill done [ ] I 

am greatly disapointed that I have not heard from [ 
about Sir John — next post will Certainly bring me [ 
of his being Member for Albany — 

I have got you the Enclosd Account from M r M [ 
the Silver Smith about Churchplate — you may Speculate 
| it & let me know what you resolve upon & I will 
get [ the Business done as Cheap as I can — in my 

Opinion [ ] will be no necessity of having them So 

very large as is mentiond in the paper — 

I have this Day acepted a Bill ^ £100 at 20 D° S l . drawn 
upon you payable at my house, which M r Roberts tells me he 
has advised you of — 

Till next post I remain with the greatest Truth 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
] take Care about 

[ ] Bill 

1 Several lines burned away. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 



from Schenectady [ 

as far [ 


from above. Col° [ 

agreable to [ 

the [ 

fro [lie] 


A. L. S. 

[Wmsburg, Jan. 24, 1769] 

] sent him on 

] fit to go he took 

] in the Morning with [ ] 

lodge here to Night when 

Desire we shall (notwithstanding 

| proceed & show ourselves at the intended 

I am with due Respect 
on d sir 


Your Obedient [ ] 

Dan. Claus 
I shall deferr writing 
to Canada till next 

To The Hon ble S R W M . Johnson Bar 1 . & c . & c . & c . 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 415, is listed a letter of January 24th 
from Joseph Chew, New London, concerning Colonel Dyer's application 
to the General Assembly for a deed of the Susquehanna lands, exclusion 
of dissenters from the Seneca and Onondaga country, the fear in Boston of 
a lord chief justice's warrant, and a rumor that Lord George Sackvile will 
succeed (Governor) Barnard, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:402-3; 
Q, 4:253.) Also a letter of the 25th to Rev. Dr Auchmuty about a 
person (Philip Schuyler) who desires Johnson's political support, the 
suddenness of the election notice, the prospect of a short session and 
progress of the Church of England in New York, (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:403-4; Q, 4:253.) 

608 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall J any 25 th 1769 

[ ] had the favor of your Letter of the 7 th2 

I imagine as well from the Tenor of his Majestys speech 
] other circumstances that matters are drawing near 
] and I wish it may be such a one as is consistent] 
[with the] Just rights of both partys. — I have heard of the 
] of your Election at York and some of my friends 
have [ ] given me some of the particulars you Men- 

tion [ ] regard to Phil: Schuyler— When he first 

set up ] Conduct was such as admitted of no objec- 

tion. I never heard of these [parti] culars till the other day; at 
which time I received [ ] Letter from him & the other 

Candidate requesting [my in]terest again, on which I imediately 
wrote him as I ought [ ]d to the reports I had heard, 

which he has denyed [ ] ed to Explain away, however 

I think it [to take] the first opportunity of a personal 

writes in such a manner that I think 
| Justifiable in me to Condemn [ 
to the present Election utterly impractical ble ] Ex- 

tensive County [ the roads are] remarkably bad & 

] are very sensible of the go[ 
he 3 has not the least inclination [to have a seat in the House] 
I am very sensible of the Cordiality [ ] 

you mention the Consequences tha[t would have] ensued had, 
that Gent taken Liberties in your] presence, with my Char- 
acter, 4 — I kn[ow from what] Quarter, they must have origi- 
nated [ ] selfish Views of that party, Think 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson 

2 A blank space that would accommodate several lines occurs here. 

3 Sir John. 

4 See Wallace's letter of January 7th. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 609 

] Conduct has been such that I may [ 
Criticism & the proceedings at the late Tre[aty ] 

Variety of difficulties & Obstructions will [ ] when 

every thing but the memory of their [ ] will be 

worn out of remembrance — H[ad anyone] perhaps but myself 
presided at the late T[reaty those] Missionaries 1 would have 
been bound over to [ ] or sent down as prisoners 

for daring in [defiance of his Majesty's] Order & of the desire 
& Interests of the Colonies to tye up [ ] not only 

endeavor privately to persuade the In[dians ] should not 

be Extended farther than [ ] West, but even to 

Memorial me [ ] was but a part of their 

interest [ed ] that time yet I hear [ ] power to 


]ly notice was given or Candi 
dates ] You know they are very Scarce 

in this young country] here there is little or no Choice, as the 
] abilities of the Inhabitants are so much [ ] . 

hear of no Competitors at present for the [ ] 

Myndertse has again carried it for Schenectady [ ] 

be honest and inoffensive, the others who have [ 
offered for that Borough are troublesome Men [ ]haps 

little or no Superiority of Abilities — but we may do [better] 
another time, — Altho' my Son has hitherto declined [to be set] 
up, he is very happy to find that his friends are So [pre] pos- 
sessed in his favor, and I do assure you that I take [ 
hints on that & every other Subject of your Letter in the [best] 
part, and am not only much obliged to you for your [com]muni- 
cating them at this time, but shall consider every [ ]ce in 

future as the result of your friendly regards [and] pay them all 
the attention that time & circumstances [per]mit of, being with 
much Esteem & Sincerity 

D r Sir &ca 

1 Jacob W's Johnson and others. 


610 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 415, is listed a letter of January 26th to 
Lieutenant Governor Colden on intrusting Indian regulation to the colonies, 
changes in Indian policy compelled by the reduction of Canada, obstruc- 
tions to the boundary treaty, necessity of marking the boundary line, election 
of Myndertse and compensation for Colden's losses, (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:923-26; Q, 2:534-36.) 


D/. 1 

[Johnson h]all Jatf. 26 lh 1769 

very Sorry to hear (by your favor of the 

Sir] Henry Moores indisposition, and heartily 

[wish for his spejedy recovery. — The Weather hitherto has 

[been so rem]arkably unfavorable that we have had little 

[sledd]ing a Circumstance very Unusual at this Season, 

have had Severe frost for the last Three or four 

| a fall of Enow may be expected, to succeed them, so 

[that] I am hopefull his Excellency may be enabled to [under] 

take the Journey in order to his being here at the [meeting] he 

has been pleased to appoint when the Indians will [be] ready to 

Attend. — 

Please to offer my best respects, to Sir Henry, [ 
I may soon hear of his perfect Recovery. — 

I am Sir, 

Your Most Obed 1 . 

& very humble Servt 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 611 


Z)/. 1 
[Johnson Hall, January 26, 1769] 

[ ] 

hospitable [ ] safe arrival in 
at parting with your [ ] made you run the 
Gauntl[et ] I have much esteem for Gorham, and 
] Number of your friends 

[I can] easily conceive that Your Tour was very Expensive, 
I wish | | in the way of serving yourself in some good 

but I know of no good place Vested in the 
Crown [ ] and the Lands ceded by the Indians at the 

late Treaty [are] rather too remote to be of much imediate 
Value, How [ever there] are some purchases, which were in 
Agitation before [the] Treaty was concluded, in one of which 
should you incline to the Expence of the Indian Purchase of 
your | I think I could get you a tollerably good Loca- 


The Several Reports I have lately received of Phil. 
Schuy[Ier's] conduct towards me are so Correspondent that I 
have [written] him him upon it and altho in his Answer he 
appears very desirous [of] Clearing up Matters to my satisfac- 
tion, I find it will be necessary for me to have some little con- 
versation with him whenever I meet with an opportunity as his 
Letter sufficiently shews that he has been Led into some Capital 
errors rela[ting] to part of my late conduct, which he spoke of 
in the Assembly however, I shall suspend my thoughts for a little 
time, as I [am un] willing to Suppose that a Man whom I never 
injured, who has twice sollicitted for my Interest which I had 
freely promised him would hardly have [ 2 ] 

I may have whic h to inconsiderable, has been 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Several lines missing. 

612 Sir William Johnson Papers 

acquired [ honesty] and a fair reputation which 

[ sacrifice meerly] to party, satisfied with the [ 

of opinion of many Unbiassed Men, It will give me [very] little 
concern that my Services or endeavors for the publick are Will- 
fully Mistaken, or Misrepresented by others. 

I hear that you are likely to have a hot Election which I sup- 
pose will be over before you receive this Letter, and probably 
as you say there will be work for Shillelas, as there are many 
hands at York who are skilled in the use of a piece of Timber 
as they term it. 

Be assured Dear Moncrieffe of my sincere friendship, and if 
you approve of what I proposed, or that anything else offers in 
my power. I shall Serve you with pleasure as I am always with 
great regard 

Your &ca 

Sir John, Guy & Claus &ca 

desire to be kindly remembered to you 

INDORSED : Jany 26th 1 769 

To Major Moncrieffe. 



Johnson hall, Jany 26* 1769 

I have just received your favor of the 16th [ 
indeed very extraordinary at this Season, and [ 
scarcely no Sledding, hitherto, So that I don't wonder [M r 
M c l]ay found the Journey tedious, but the frost which [ 
had for some days past will I hope bring on Snow and 
the roads, your remarks upon the Weather are 
very | | indeed we generally enjoy a Uniform Season 

of frost & Snow [from a] bout Christmas 'till the beginning of 
March, and it as well for the preservation of the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 613 

Grain as for the ] and Convenience of the Inhabi- 


] believe it was difficult enough to raise the Quan- 
tity [of doll Jars necessary for the proprietary purchase, I have 
[not he]ard of the Crowns intentions to pay the expence you 
mention [Lord] Hillsborough I now find expected each Colony 
concerned would pay its [ From what I had before 

heard the Pennsylvania [purcha]se as a proprietary Province 
was to be made at the [ ] of the Proprietaries, and 

as the Line proposed by the [ ] comprehended a 

very Large Tract before unpossessed, and [ ] farther 

Addition I procured takes in a most Valuable [ 
Tract of Country, These duly considered together with the 
[ Indian prices of late Years, and the difficulties 
attend^, [ the Northward from the Neighbour- 

hood of so many [ ] it appear to be a very 

moderate purchase, [ ] that you were likely to 

have a Warm Election [ ] the Council I think noth- 

ing of, tho' I ]sons & one Gent in particular was 

very ] since denyed his knowing any thing 

but I have some reason to th[ink] 

[ 1 

I have fairly acqui[ ] of which altho' I very 

seldom [ ] prostitute to bad purposes 

] deprive me, but I despise all [ ] 

reputation by which it has been obtain [ ] Can- 

didates offered that I have heard of [ if] they had 

the state of the Roads & Shor[t notice would] not have per- 
mitted one half of the freeholders [ ] County 
being so very Extensive, I be[lieve the Council?] would have 
no inclination for such a dispfute with the House?] tho' all such 
bodies as have not Certain L[imits to their] Authority have ever 
been fond of encroach [ing upon their] Neighbours. — 

614 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Philad*. January 26. 1769 

In closed you have Colonel Coles' Draft [upon] M r . Crog- 
han for Two thousand One hundred and [fifty] six pounds, 
17/514 New York Currency, Which I [mus]t beg the Favor 
of your Honor to expedite the pay[me]nt of, all in your power, 
As I shall not have any [Mon]ey remitted to Me, Until this 
Draft is paid. 

Colonel Croghan has the Accounts & Vouchers. 
I set Off for the packet On Monday Next and shall [by] all 
Opportunitys communicate to you from England [w]hatever is 
entertaining or important. 

[I] beg my respectfull Regards to Sir John, Colonel Clause 
and all the Family and with the warmest [wi]shes for the Con- 
tinuance of your Health. 

I am Sir very respectfully 
Y r - truly Obliged Fr d . 

Sam l Wharton 

[The Honorable Sir] WlLLIAM JOHNSON Baronet. 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson 

his Majesties sole agent & Superintendant 
of Indian Affairs 
& favor of "1 at 

M r Croghan J Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Philadelphia 25th Janr? 1769 
M r S 1 Whartons Letter w ,h 
Coles Draft for £ 2156. .17. .5% 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 615 

ON BACK: [Congw]ayadoraou 
[Cos konwjayadorea 
[ongh] Turtle Tribe 
[Ko] nwayadorecongh 
[a Pjerson who Attracts 
[the] general Respect 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady 30 th . January J 7 69 

l ] 

Being hard press'd for some money [ ]h 

we owe, & Exch a pretty lorv, we take the liberty [to] request 
your assistence as far as may be convenient [in] paying the 
Bills we hold on the Indian department when that sutes if as 
convenient for you we wou'd be glad to receive drafts on 
N : York as we have most part of the Money to remit there 

We beg leave to assure you that necessity only urges us to 
write you on this Subject 

We have the honor to be with true esteem 

Your most Obed' & Much Obli d . 
Hum e serv ts 

Phyn & Ellice 
[ ]onb e . Sir W m . Johnson 

INDORSED: Jam-y. 30 th . 1769 
M r Phyns Letter 

Ans rd . FebT. 15 th . 
& gave a Draft on Mortier 

for £1000 — 

616 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York 3 I st . January 1769 

I have your Favor of the 29 Dec r . last by [which I] under- 
stand that only the Proprietors here agreed to release [the lands] 
at Connajoharie to the Indians, and that Klock [has] refused 
and still refuses : I should be inclined therefore [ ] that the Bill 
in Chancery proposed will be ineffectual to [ ], as it 

would have been, had he once engaged so to do 

The Method you mention by Act of the Legislature [if it be] 
obtained, will be entirely effectual, and indeed I have [ 
Opinion it was the only one that could be followed [ 
disputes of this Nature with the Indians, which would [ 
safe, for if there should be by Infancy or otherwise [an 
incap]acity in any of the Proprietors to release, or any of [them 
should] refuse, the Act of the other will not conclude them 
[and the controversy will thereby be kept open; besides the 
Doubt [whether the] Indians are to be considered as Aliens, 
incapable [ ] Thing by such Release, which may 

afford Room [ ] 

His Excellency Sir Henry Moore, departing to Morrow 
[for Johnson] Hall, I could not delay giving you my Senti- 
ments on this Subject by that Opportunity ] may 
concert such Measures, as will terminate in the [ ] of 
Legislation. I have the Honor to be 

Your most obedient 
& most humble Servant 
[ ] Baronet J. T. KEMPE 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 416, is listed a letter of January 3 1 st from 
Rev. Alexander Murray, Reading, to Matthew Lyne, explaining why he 
can not take the Schenectady mission. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:406-7; Q, 4:255.) 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 617 

A. L. S. 

[N. Y]ork hKFebnf 1769 

hon]oured with your obliging Answer [ 
find M r Upton anxious to have his [lands located] I have em- 
braced an Offer from Col: [Croghan for locajting it on a Pur- 
chase made by him [on the Susjquehana, which the Col: assures 
me is a [very advantajgeous one. I have accordingly wrote to 
the [Colonel now on] his Way for your Hall that I should be 

] M r Uptons Lands in that Purchase. 

] also for the first Time applied to the Gov 1- . 
] in that Purchase with the Col s . Consent 
surgeon?] General under your Command & by Com [mission 
from] Gen 1 . Shirley. I have got a Certificate of [ of 

Service from G 1 . Gage, And I have taken [the liberty] of refer- 
ring his Excellency to you for my [ am]ong the N. 
Englanders in that Character [ ] no Compensation 
was ever made to either [ by those] godly Gentry. If 
the Gov r . thinks I [ ] such a Grant in Conse- 
quence of that Com [mission from] G 1 . Shirley: And if you 
could point out [ ] where I should have no Indian 
Purchase to [ ] would just save me so much 
Money [and do not dou]bt that I shall make you a low Bow 
] if you think this Location which [Col. Crog- 
han is so] obliging as to offer will be all [ ] then 
thank you for your good [offices in behalf] of my Petition I am 

D'S[ ] 

yours most [sincerely] 

[ ] 


Hon le . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 

Johnson Hall 

618 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 416, is listed a letter of February 2d 
from Hugh Gaine, New York, informing that the Indian prayer books 
are in the hands of the binders, that he will try to get good morocco bind- 
ing in New York and Rev. Mr Ogilvie wishes copies for friends in 
England, (printed in Doc. Hht. N. Y. 4:405 ; Q, 4:254.) 


A. L. S. 

Philadelphia February 4 th 1769 

I most Humbly beg your pardon for being [ | trouble- 

some to you, but my Dear sir, my present unhappy state of 
Dependance for Every Morsel I put in my Lips, sets me Allmost 
Distracted all this brought on through the Inconsiderateness of 
Youth, without your Assistance I am Ineviatably Gone for Ever, 
Oh save me if You possibly Can, at Least Let me hear from 
You. believe me to be My 

My Dear Sir William 
Your Most Oblidged Most Obedient 
but Most Unfortunate Humble 

Ferrall Wade 

M r . Croghan will 

] you my former 


The Honble Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 
Johnson Hall 


A. L. 5. 

Schenectady the 6 th February 1769 

[The Governor] the Duches of Gordon & Col n Morriss 
Arrived Yesterday Al]bany, & Dined at M r Cart- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 619 

wright — they have Sent word [ ] Clench that they 

intended to be up this Night, but [ ] her Grace will 

heardly Venture Out Such a Cold [ ] as your letters 

are not Yet Come up this length [ ] Inclose you a 

letter I Receivd from M r Moore [ ] a full 

Account of the Election, it will give you [ pleas] ure to find 

that your Country men Came off [ ] Honour — I have 

Sent out to Inquire after [ ] in order to have Sent 

You a Quarter — but there [ ] to be had — I dont 

think the Governor [ ] longer here than one night — 

I am 

Dear Sir with Great 

Respect your most 

humble Ser* 
Daniel Campbell 
[ ] Johnson Baronet 


A. D. 

New York 7*. Feb*. 1769 
[Sir] William Johnson Bar 1 , in Ace 1 , with John W[etherhead] 

]d this day 
] Parcells Sent by Pemberton 
]sent <{# Cap*. Lancing 
]by Kelly 
]y Cap*. Lattimer 

] Medicins the 30 th . Dec r . last 
] for Sir John's things the 31 st . d° 
] for Methiglin 
] Apples sent on Board the Ship Bishop 
of oznabrug by or order of Sir John 
the 3 1 sf . of Dec r . last 4 16 - 

] Tea & Cannisters the 8 th . Feb*, last 

sent by Collison 7 2 










4/ 2 













Sir William Johnson Papers 




] Ebbetts 42/ "I the 18 th & 

] paine for a slider 24/ f28 th . March last 3 6 

paid] receiver General for 2 patents the 2 d . d°. 1116 - 
pa] id Atty. Generals fees d°. 59 - - 

pai]d for 5 Keggs oysters, Nuttmeg &c a . Sent 

by Pemberton 5 

pai]d for fire Works 60/ postage of letters 10/ 3 
] w*. 28J411 @ 1H 1 

C]ap l . Tho*. Miller for Sir John 

] Postage of letters at sundry times this 

month 2 

] Sir H. Moore 

] inclos'd in a letter by Cap 1 . Kelly 
] Byrnes Esq r . his Draf 1 . on you 
pai]d M r . Banyar patent fees 
paid] Alex r . Colden's fees 

ca]rriage of 7 Cannisters Snuff <i# post from 

Phil- 3 7 

] Roberts Df f . on me 30 - - 

] of 2 Parcells from Phik 4 - 

] Clarks Register fees 2 12 — 

] ldin in full 23 12 6 

] 2 Children 70 - - 

] by M rs . Wetherhead on ace 1 , of 

Wench 6 9 1 


73 - - 
67 17 2 

1 3 

Dec\ 30 
Jany. 28 
April 4 
April 27 
May 30 

£1134 14 10|4 

By Cash for your Draft on Abram [Mortier 

By d°. for your Df*. on d°. [ 

By d°. your Df*. on d°. [ ] 

By d°. ^ hands John Watts Esq'. [ ] 

By d°. for your Df f . on A Mortier 

Esq'. [ ] 

Balance in fav. J. W. ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 621 

indorsed: Febry. 7 th . 1769 

M r . Wetherheads Ace*. 
Ball to him £208.. -.1% 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 416, is listed a letter of February 8th 
from Oliver DeLancey, Jas. Jauncey, Peter Remsen and Gw. Banyar, 
New York, stating a claim against Mrs Cosby's estate and asking Johnson 
to certify in order that it may be recovered in England, (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:926; Q, 2:536.) 


New York February 8, 1769 

I have Received yours the 20 th . January last [ ] 

you desire a Release for the Low Lands of Hansens [patjent. 1 
I do Suppose it Can be but Trifling, if any, [I ha]ve Spoke 
to Some of the Genlemen Concern'd, They [ ]ed 

me to give a Quit Claim on the Old power, [ ] shall 

get one drawn and Send it to you in the Spring, as I Shall be 
up there then I believe if [you] over Look the Quit Claim you 
will find that all their pretences is included in that — 

I Shall buy you Such negroes when I have an Opportunity 
as you will Approve of, and Shall [let] you Know 
I am 
Your most Obedient Hum ,e Serv 1 . 

Peter Remsen 
Know the persons Names 
you would have Conveyed 

[ ] 

1 See Johnson to Remsen, September 1 , 1 768. 

622 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson Barn', 

Johnson Hall 

Ans rd . 


Schenectady the I0 lh . February 1769 
[You have] desired me to purchase Some Lotts for you pro- 
vided thy [ ] got reasonable, I have a verry fine Lott 
on a Corner ] feet Square — Duch Measure — 
there is an Old House on [ ] & Good New high fence 
Round the Whole, it would make [ ] Lotts — I was 
Once fully determined to Build on it my [self] But, Altered 
my mind — as I thought it too far from the [river?] on Account 
of loading Battoes & now as I am [ de]termin'd to Build 
in the Spring — if it was agreeable [ ] I would 
Exchange for your lott & pay you the difference] Which if 
you knew my lott I would leave You [ ] price your 
Self, if you would Incline to build two [ convenient 
frame Houses on the lott, it Could be done at [ ] Expence 
I Can buy Boards here for Seven pence [ inc]h thick, but 
there laying now in the [ ] will Equally Answer 
your purpose, as [ ] will bring above three ^ O. 
I could [ ] Build — I inclose you a little p s of 
paper by which you will know where my [ 

perhaps Doctor Con [stable ] the Hous would be 

Some Obstitule but [ ] Assured that Houses are 

So plenty here to be [ ] Interst of £150 a year 

would hire him a good [ ] lott. So that you Sinke 

three times this Sum [ ] it laying dead in this House 

when leisure will per[mit ] be much Obliged to 

you write me a few lines — a [ ] a fine Season 

for getting Home the timber & other [ ] for Building — 

& indeed I find by my Family [ ] I Cant live with any 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 623 

Ease or Conveniency | 1 & on the Other hand the Wife 

is at me daily ] Women are naturely fond of making 

Some App [ must get my hands in the mortar — if it 

were [only] but to Satisfy her — Yesterday I [ ] 

Harnish, which I hope you Receivd M rs [ ] joins me 

in Compliments & am Dear [ 

with great [ ] 

most hu[ 

[Daniel Campbell] 
Sir William Johnson 
indorsed: [ ] 

Ans rd . 20 th . Ins'. 


A. L. S. 

[Fort Chartres Feb* 12* 1769] 
[Dear Sir] 

Yours the 26 th . of July last came to [Ha]nd the 12 th . of 
December last. I Imeadiately dischar d [a] 11 the Subordinate 
officers Under me, and Hartily Wish these alterations may, Turn 
out for the best I am in Hopes that I shall be able to Leave this 
Country, in two or three months at Farthest — I Shall Loose no 
time to wait on you — and Flatter myself I Shall be able to give 
you a more Satisfactiry account, of the Indians in this part of 
the world, then has been in my power to do heretofore. 

And Doubt not if any thing Should happing — [wh]erein I 
might be of Service. You will be as [Mind] full of me as 
formerly And be assured I [Shall] ever Retain a Grateful Sence 
of the Many [Favours] I have Received from You — My best 
[Compliment] to Sir John, and your Family [and believe me] 
to be D r . Sir with the utmost [Esteem] 

Your most ob l . 

Hum 1 Serv f 

[Edw d Cole] 

INDORSED: [Fort Chartres, Feby 12 th 1769 
Corns'? Coles letter] 

624 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York the 13 Feb* 1769 

[ ] I Still find myself deprivd of any of 

[ ] & am uneasy least you Shoud be unwell 

[ ] the Case tho, but Shoud be very happy to 

receive [ ] with any Commands you shall be pleasd to 

honour me [with. I take] the Liberty to Sending the Enclosed 
under Cover to you [ ] which I begg the favour of you 

to Send to him by your [ ] & when it Shall Suit M r 

Teice to Send me any Money [ ] wrote him to pay it to you, 
I flatter myself you will take [the trojuble to receive it for me — 
I have this Day paid M r Robertss Bill [ ] ^ £100 & as 

He orders me to apply to you for Ballance of his Acc*. [ I ta]ke 
the Liberty of Sending it up to you, as well as his Letter for 
[your] Satisfaction — I begg my best Respects to all friends 
& am just [ ]ry to drink your Health, with a parcell 

of jolly Fellows who [ ] keeping my Birth Day — ■ 

believe me to with great Truth 

Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 416, is listed a letter of February 1 5th 
to the Earl of Hillsborough, concerning the withdrawal of the department 
officers from the posts, the policy of committing Indian affairs to the 
colonies, the boundary settlement, a method of reimbursement to the Crown 
for costs of the Indian cession and a former plan from the Lords of Trade 
for regulating Indian affairs, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:928-32; 
Q, 2:537-39 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:150-53.) 


A. L. 5. 

[Montreall Feb. 16, 1769] 
[ ] of the I sl ultimo and am much obliged 

| done me in communicating to me [the report which] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 625 

You made to his Majesty, respecting the [ copper?] and am 

not in the least Doubtfull of its [ ] ed Success. 

] regard to the Mines agreable to Your Request I 
] of them as far as I know — When I went into Lake 
[Superior ]ke those Discoveries, I took up Several Samples of 
Oar [ ] Places which I carried to England, and they 

were much [ ] Particularly at the River Onatanagun 

on the South Side [ ] I saw a Rock of Copper which 

most of it Maleable, and [wh]at shews itself out of the side of 
the hill, appears to be about [ ] how far it goes into the 

Hill I cannot pretend to say [ ] not try — A Little 

beyond this place is the River called [ ] where the 

French did once attempt a Work but the Command [ ] eing 

with the Master Miner there did nothing. 

] of Lake Superior at a Place on the Map | 

] of pure Copper growing out of the Ground, in the form 

] one of which weighd about Three pounds, and is kept 

gr]eat Curiosity, this is what I have seen, but from Report 

there are othjer Places where Pure Copper is found. — I have 

had [descriptions from Indians that they have seen a Mine, they 

] Iron I have not as yet had time to go to see it and 

These Mines are mostly Situated on the Side 

] Carriage Excepting at Niagara. — 

] mation made when I was in England of the 
] Transportation of Necessarys that may be 
] to be carryd as at present woud amount 
] the Method we have plannd [ 
and make [ 

Upon it I could [ instruc] tions I 

received when I left [England] 

M r Henry Bostwick 
The Gentlemen concerned [in a petition to the King in] 
Councill for a Grant of Mines round Lake S[uperior 
appoint us the Committee for the Management 

626 Sir William Johnson Papers 

And as you have declared Your intentions j it- 

is incumbent upon us to give You some [instructions for] Your 
Government — We imagine You'll thi[nk to secure 

passage from Falmouth to New York | consist] ently can 

after Your Arrival there, You [will wait on 1 | inform him of 
the Application and of the | ] a Copy of the 

Petition, which You may acqua[ ] with the 

Approbation of the Duke of Grafton [ ] The President 

of the Councill The Secretary | other Great 

Officers of State. For the [ ] We shall 

inclose to Falmouth directed for [ ] Copys of 

the Minutes of our several Meetings | ] not to 

mention the Business You are upon [ After you] go up to the 
Lake You'll Endeavour to se[cure the] Friendship and Assist- 
ance of the Indians [by presents] to such as have been or may be 
most [ ] Otherwise in the Distribution whereof 

[ ] the whole does not Exceed Fifty Pounds 

[ ] 

We depend much upon You [ | all 

Matters in Your Province, upon the [ another 

Year, that we may set to [ ] the Grant, 

which we have little [ | us constantly 

advised of [ ] Safety and S [ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] Obliged to 

[ ] that may be attempted from 

[ ] tage. 

] the last Fall that I could get no farther 

[ ] the Mines than I have already Comunicated 

knowing whether I was arrived from England 

] particulars from Michilimakinac 

[The gen]tlemen concerned in England thought I should 

] the Lake last Fall so that I cannot Expect to have 

! them till they receive mine by the way of Quebec 

1 " Sir William Johnson," doubtless. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 627 

] from a Gentleman Concerned not of the Committee 
] Pownall is become a Proprietor and tis thought so 

]nd, they apprehend there will be no Difficulty 
I re]ceive any Intelligence I shall Communicate it 
] have the Honour to be 

Your most Obed f . Hble Serv 1 

Henry Bostwick 

INDORSED: Montreal, Feb r y. 16 th . 1769 
M r . Bostwicks Letter 
concerning y e . Mine 1 

Df. 2 
Johnson hall Feb* 1 6 th . 1769. 

The Notice with which your Lordship honored [my son] 
when in England, [the favorable manner in which you [were 
ple]ased to Express yourself concerning me to him,] 
evide]nces I have had of your Lordships favor and 
pa[tronage ]uy claim my most gratefull Acknowledgments, 

w[ ] me to express my Gratitude to your Lordship 

whether [ ] Office, or not, on all such occasions as 

do not interfere with [your] more material Engagements and I 
cannot be more [ob]liged than by your accepting of this as a 
Small Testimony [of] the Sense I retain of your Lordships 

I am almost without a Subject to Write upon, as your Lord- 
ship must be doubtless acquainted with all the News from these 
parts, as well as the late Transactions in my Departm'. [ 
the Settling of the boundary line, in a manner more advantagious 
than was even proposed to me, Notwithstanding [I foun]d the 
Indians much less disposed towards it, than when [it was] first 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

628 Sir William Johnson Papers 

mentioned to them. — The Reform of the Departm*. [of Inch] an 

Affairs by putting the Regulation of Trade into | 

of the Colonies was hitherto delayed to give them time 

ne]cessary Establishments and avoid the ill [ 
which must attend the Withdrawing the Commissaries [ 
before others were appointed to Succeed them, but [nothing 
has] been as yet done therein by the Colonies, the [ 
renders it now Necessary to call [ ]11 I hope be 

more favorable [ 

That amongst such a Variety [ ] little 

understood, regular corre [ j to be formed, 

and thereby the ends of 

M r Sam 1 Wharton an eminefnt ] Philadelphia 

is Just gone for England [ ] the Traders who 

suffered by the Indian War [ ] of his friends have 

I understand the honor to [ ] to your Lordship, and he 

is very desirous I [ ] him to you I therefore take this 

opportunity of ] with his request which I do the more 

Willing [ly as it is in] my power to assure your Lordship that he 
is a [ ] well Acquainted with American affairs [ 

those of a Commercial Nature, and has had [ ] of 

informing himself in the Indian Trade an[ ] other 

matters relative to their Affairs. — Th[ ] many persons 

who go from hence, and by profess [ing knowledge] of all these 
matters may often if attended to imp[ose on those] in power to 
the prejudice of the publick, that [ ] extremely cautious 

how I offered any thing in [favor of those] of whose Experience 
in these Affairs I was not [ ] therefore hope that my 

knowledge of this Gentleman joyned [ ] will apologize 

for my freedom on this occasion [ ] 

A Correspondence with a Man in this [ ] 

be of little entertainment to your Lord [ship ] time any 

thing occurred worthy your [ ] your indulgence 

to Communicate it [ ] occasion that offered 

for Expressing ] the sincerity with which I 

[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 629 



Johnson hall Feby I6 ih . 1769 

] had not Leisure to Write imediately on the 
] of your favor of the 22 d . ult°. as the Dutchess of 
[Gordon] Sir Harry Moore, & much Company were then here, 
You may be assured that the final Settlement [of] the pur- 
chase shall be conducted with as much Oeconomy [as is] pos- 
sible, I am only sorry that there is occasion for any, [ ] t it is 
unavoidable. — I hope that so valuable a purchase may not be 
disturbed by Yankee pretensions but where Land is the Object 
they are apt to feel bold and I have received intelligence that at 
a late Meeting at Hartford provision was made for 50 men to 
go this Winter lay out Townships & Cut roads, & that 500 
Settlers would take possession of the place Early in the Spring. 
I have also heard that Col. Dyer applied [to] the Assembly 
for a Deed for those Lands, which it was [thou]ght they would 
decline granting, but it is Expected [that] many Pennsylvanians 
particularly those of the [ ] religious persuasion w th 

some Yorkers & Jersytites were assisting & concerned with 
You will please to Communicate this to Gov r . Penn 
j my best Compliments and wishes that such Intrusion 
[may be] timely prevented, I am glad that you have 
proper persons to take possession, and imagine 
] may be easily kept out if not encouraged by 
[ ] frontiers. 

Tract you may freely Command any good 
] obtaining it, I think it should be [ 
directed M r Croghan when that is done to settle the Affair 

] Means, the preference of any 
| that you never mean to ask any 
] Complied Consistent with My Trust. 
| command me to the Extent of it. — 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

630 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r . M c Clays information was [very Numbers 

of people from hence were upon [ J Susquehanna 

project but in a late Tour I made [ ] Country I had 

an opportunity of Conversing [ ] of them, & by many 

arguments on the Subject [ ] prevented some 

hundreds I am certain from [ ] it, and shall c.hear- 

fully do all in my power [ ] any thing that may affect 

the Just Rights [ ] Interests of the Proprietaries. — 

I am much obliged to you for your [kind offers] of service and 
in return desire you may co [ ] in any thing wherein 

I can testify how m[uch I am] 

Your Sincere Fr[iend] 
& very h[ 
The family desire their 
Compliments, & Guy 
thanks you for y r advice which 
he will take into consideration — 


To Ja s . Tilghman Esqr. 


Johnson hall Feb* 17 th . 1769 — 
Dear Sir 

I Wrote you a few Lines at the Departure of the Gov r from 
hence and Apologized for my not being able at that time to 
Answer your two favors of the 23 d Ult° — What you observe in 
your favor in Answer to mine of the 4 th ult°. concerning the 
nature of the reports of the French Intrigues to the Westward 
&ca is very reasonable and I believe many of them arise from 
Motives of Trade, and that the Ind s may in Sev 1 . Instances 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 631 

Exaggerate especially as it passes thro' so many hands. At the 
same time there are so many Accots in which both Trad rs . and 
Ind s . agree and which exactly correspond with the conduct and 
Secret practices of the french before the late War, that I am 
induced to think these practices May be in some Instances more 
than Connived at, Besides as War is what may be expected 
sooner or later It would seem good policy in our Neighbours to 
Alienate the Affection of our Indians and keep up a Spirit of 
discontent amongst them, that they might be the easier prevailed 
on in case of a Rupture to fall upon our Frontiers which would 
be greatly for the advantage of the Enemy, If this is their Object 
which is not improbable, the French Court will according to 
Custom, disavow the fact, and endeavor to Amuse us with 
Orders to Governors &ca &ca till matters are ripe for Execu- 
tion, — In case of a War the French will Certainly endeavor 
to Create a diversion in America, They have many good Friends 
in it, and the Indians wo d be of great service to them, an Attack 
on the back of the Settlements would cause a great Alarm, give 
some Check to our privateering, & have Many other Effects 
advantagious to an Enemy admitting that they cannot Strike any 
Effectual blow with a fleet or Army — But Supposing all this 
is in some degree improbable, We ought surely to guard against 
any attempt that can possibly be made by an enterprising people, 
by Counter acting all endeavors whether by Authority or other- 
wise that tend to promote a defection of the Ind s . from our 
Interests, and how this is to be effectually done without proper 
persons in the Indian Country I am at a Loss to say, — The 
Difficulties of obtaining such proofs as May be deemed suffict 
to ground a Representation to the French Court You must be 
sensible, from the doubts that May arise concerning Indian In- 
telligence, and the Caution made use of to prevent any of our 
Whites from being Eye Witnesses, — This must be chiefly 
grounded on Reports & Corroborating Circumstances, which I 
shall make it my business to enquire farther into. 

I have Letters from Lord Hillsborough corresponding with 

632 Sir William Johnson Papers 

those you Mention in your answer to mine of the 1 5 lh ult . 1 — I 
don't know how else I co d . have acted than as I did in the pur- 
chase, Tho' many Individuals wo d . have given double the Sum 
for the 4 th part of the Cession The province Claims &ca wo d . 
have rendered the adjustment of their Quotas an Endless Work 
& perhaps the Congress with the Expence attending it wod have 
been for nothing. I have been thinking that a Small fine on each 
1000 acres to be granted, hereafter equivalent to the rate lately 
paid for the Indian purchase w d . soon reimburse the Crown, & 
so I wrote to Lord Hillsborough, — As to the Officers of the 
Department I am entirely of your Opinion, to remove all those 
who have had the Management of the Trade, &ca, and pay the 
Deputys Necessary & Interpreters out of the Sallary allowed 
until, they determine concerning the Estimate, Tho' I can't find 
that the Colonies have come to any Material resolutions on their 
parts, and Considering their remarkable backwardness in Money 
Matters on More alarming occasions I do not Expect they will 
give it much attention. — I hear that our Assembly have com- 
mitted this matter to the Albany Representatives. 

Lord Hillsboro' transmitted me His Majestys Speech As he 
says by the Kings order, with the Addresses of both Houses. 
They Seem Warm & determined, I suppose the next pacquet will 
give us the Event of their deliberations. — As the Orders are posi- 
tive that the Sum mentioned in the late Regulation sho d . not be 
exceeded, whilst at the same time they seem to rely on the 
Provinces, that they will with my Advice & Assistance "adopt 
such regulations for the commercial part as will improve the 
Trade & fix the affection of the Savages" which I am sorry there 
is little reason to expect, I think that your Signifying to the Colo- 
nies concerned in the Ind n . Trade That the Commissaries Inter- 
preters and Smiths have been hitherto kept up to give them time 
to settle a plan for Supplying their places as the service requires, 
but that they will be dismissed at all Events, by the 25 th of 
March or what time you think best, Such Notice wo d , Spurr them 

1 The draft of this letter bears date, January 1 3th. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 633 

on to some proper Resolutions, or enable the Gov 1 , to Judge 
Where the fault lay. I hope you will Excuse me for proposing 
this, as what appears to me to be in some degree necessary, and 
that you will please to inform me to what time you think it best 
they sho d . be paid up, or whether you imagine an Exception 
necessary as to any of the Officers of Trade or Interpreters at 
any of the Posts. 

As M r Croghan is going down the Country I take the oppor- 
tunity of sending the accts of Expences at Fort Pitt Which I 
was not able to obtain before, I also send you the Vouchers that 
you may Judge farther of them as they are pretty high & many 
of them are Orders of the Com^ Officer there, I also Transmit 
the Acct of Expences at Ilinois which I have Just received, 
which altho' Less than heretofore are still very high, M r . Crog- 
an will dismiss the Corny &ca there at whatever day you shall 
think best as they are within his District. 

Genl Gage 

indorsed : Feby. 1 7 th . — 1 769 
To Gen'. Gage. — 


Johnson hall Febv. 17 th . 1769 

I Just Snatch a Moment to thank you for ]st 

Letter and to Apologize for my not being able [to wr]ite you 
more fully as I am so much hurried in jaking up Letters 

& Settling some Accots with M r . Croghan who is impatient to 
go off tomorrow and is to Convey this to you in which I inclose 
according to my promise a Letter to Lord Shelburne, wherein I 
have done Justice to your knowledge of American affairs, & I 
flatter myself that if it is of no other Service to you it will shew 
his Lordship the advantagious opinion I entertain of you. — I 
have observed to his Lordship that there are so many go from 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

634 Sir William Johnson Papers 

hence who affect a thorough knowledge of every thing on this 
side the Water that I Sho d , by No means take upon me to intro- 
duce a Gentleman to one in power, unless I could Safely speak 
of him as I have done of you. — The Dutchess of Gordon, Sir 
H. Moore [ ] were here the other day when the Sev 1 . 

purchases [were] perfected. — 

It is impossible for me at this time [to do] more than that I 
wish this may find you safe | ] England, and that I 

shall shortly give you [ ] Letter meantime I am 


A. L. S. 

Quebec 18 th Febr» 1769 
[ Si]R 

Agreeable to my promise I now take the liberty to enclose 
you a Journal of My Transactions with the Indians during the 
Time I had the honor to Command at Michilimak. which I Flat- 
ter Myself will meet with your approbation 

I am 

with great Respect Sir 

Your Most obeidient 
& Most Humble Servant 

F Spiesmacher 
[ ] Johnson 

Bar nt 

INDORSED: Quebec 18 th . [ ] 

Cap 1 . L l . Spicem[ ] 

w th . his Journal [ ] 

Comd 1 . at Michi [ ] 

rec d . 18 th . april 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 635 


Johnson hall Feb> 25 th . 1769 

About the time of his Excell ? the Gov", arrival 
the favor of yours of 31st January, but as there 
good deal of Company here at the same time & [mu]ch business 
to do, some things escaped my Memory & [I] had not leisure 
for others amongst the rest the affair [of] the Release to the 
Indians of Conajoharee, which I must do by Letter. — 

I apprehend the Legislature can have no reasonable Objec- 
tion to a Law so necessary, and am Sorry to hear that there is 
so little prospect of releif from Chancery but as I don't what 
Steps May have been taken against Klock I should be glad of 
your Information in that particular 



Johnson hall Feby 25 l K 1769 

] received your favor of the 1 st . inst some days 
] During the Governors Stay here the purchase 
[was ef]fected, in which M r . Upton is to have a Share [I 
spo]ke to his Excels on the Subject of your own affair [ 
is of opinion that the Council will not agree to [trans] mit your 
Mandamus there, if so there is no way for [you] but your com- 
ing in on the footing of a purchaser. 

Should the General require anything from me regarding your 
Services, be assured that I shall do you Justice in [th]at par- 
ticular, but I apprehend that that is needless 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 417, is listed a letter of February 25th 
to the Earl of Hillsborough, considering French and Spanish interest in 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

636 Sir William Johnson Papers 

exciting Indian discontent and disturbance, condemning the disputes created 
by turbulent zealots in this country and expressing pleasure at the time of 
the King's speech and the addresses of Parliament (printed in D