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From a miniature in the Public Archives of Canada. 
Ottawa, taken when he was between 30 ami 40 years of 


Prepared for publication by 
The Division of Archives and History 


Director and State Historian 




19 3 1 



V "1 


Volume VII 


List and description of illustrations v 

List and description of maps vii 

Preface ix 

Autographs from volume VII xi 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 1 




Sir William Johnson Frontispiece 

From a miniature in the Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, taken when 
he was between 30 and 40 years of age 

Johnson Hall, Johnstown, N. Y 30 

From the Abbot Collection, New York State Library, Albany 
Governor William Franklin 120 

From the Century Magazine. After a pencil drawing by Albert Rosenthal 
from the original painting, the property of Dr Thomas Hewson Bache 

The Reverend Samuel Auchmuty 1 68 

From Morgan Dix's History of the Parish of Trinity Church 

Colonel Daniel Claus 186 

From a portrait in the Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa 

Ann Claus, daughter of Sir William Johnson and wife of Daniel 
Claus 1 86 

From a portrait in the Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa 

King Hendrick (Soi-en-ga-rah-ta) 272 

From a painting by William A. McKenna, owned by Frank L. Reuss of 
Albany, N. Y. 

The Reverend Charles Inglis 356 

From Morgan Dix's History of the Parish of Trinity Church 

Joseph Brant (Thayendanagea) 476 

From the Abbot Collection, New York State Library, Albany 

Sir William Johnson and King Hendrick, illustrating the legend of 
the dream 524 

From Martha J. Lamb's History of Nen> Y or\ City, Vol. I, p. 588 

Colonel Guy Johnson 710 

From the John Ross Collection, Toronto Public Library 

Doctor John Ogilvie 800 

From Morgan Dix's History of the Parish of Trinity Church 

Sir John Johnson 900 

From a pastel portrait of Sir John Johnson in the possession of Major F. C, 
Ornsby, Weymouth, England 



James Collins' Draft of Land at Schoharie, 1 700 336 

In Johnson manuscripts, New York State Library, Albany 

Rough Sketch of the Patent of Kinderhook prepared by Henry 
Van Schaack bearing on the dispute with Colonel Rensselaer over 

the extent of Claverick 360 

In Johnson manuscripts, New York State Library, Albany 



Volume VII of the Sir William Johnson Papers covers the 
important period from May 1769 to February 1771, inclusive, 
when it may be said that Sir William was at the height of his 
power, and was perhaps the most influential man in British 
Colonial America. The quantity and extent of his correspondence 
clearly indicate the high regard in which he was held by the 
Indians, the land speculators, traders, colonial officials, the clergy 
and missionaries, and statesmen in London. 

Among Sir William's correspondents are men interested in 
mining on Lake Superior; George Croghan, who reports rumors 
of an Indian war; General Thomas Gage, about military mat- 
ters ; Governor Sir Henry Moore, about affairs in the Province of 
New York; James Delancey, about land grants; Major Jelles 
Fonda, about trade with the Indians; James Rivington, about 
the wisdom of certain imperial measures; Benjamin Franklin, 
about the attitude of the British government toward the colonies ; 
Lieutenant Governor John Penn, about boundary lines ; Governor 
Lord William Campbell of Nova Scotia, about official appoint- 
ments; Daniel Claus and Alexander McKee, about relations 
with the western Indians; the Earl of Hillsborough, about 
colonial policies ; Peter Silvester, about legal matters ; Lieutenant 
Governor Cadwallader Colden, about provincial problems ; vari- 
ous Indian chiefs and tribes; Peter Hasenclever, about inter- 
national trade; Thomas Wharton, about blank testimonials for 
Indian chiefs; Governor Guy Carleton, about the form of a 
license for Indian trade; missionaries asking aid or advice, and 
many others. 

Here is source material for the social, economic, religious and 
political history of the English colonials in North America. One 
finds information concerning the lodges of Freemasons, about 


x Preface 

rheumatism, scarcity of money, blacksmithing, boats, sermons, the 
revenue acts, the "Sons of Liberty," gout, land deals, Indian 
schools, prayer books, the murder of a Seneca by a white man, 
the formation of new counties, surveyors, a cure for epilepsy, the 
militia, imported goods, Johnson as a patron of learning, rugs and 
chairs, bill for making clothes, lost millstones, potash and pearl- 
ash, elopements, the "dearness of pork," "Spow water," Lisbon 
wine, timber depredations, the "fray in Boston," mill saws, jury- 
men, road bills, liberty of the press, scarcity of hay, and hundreds 
of other items. 

Many familiar names in earlier volumes of the Papers recur in 
volume VII, and some new ones appear. The place names are 
numerous and distributed from the Mississippi to Nova Scotia. 
Valuable as are the data on colonial civilization, they are of still 
more importance in portraying the relations of the Indian tribes 
with the whites and with one another. The rumblings of the 
Revolution are becoming more and more distinct. 

During the editorial preparation of this volume for the press, 
Dr Richard E. Day, who compiled the Calendar of the Sir 
William Johnson Manuscripts, 1909, and who has been asso- 
ciated with the issuance of the Sir William Johnson Papers from 
the outset, was required by age limitation to retire from state 
service. It is a matter of deep regret that he could not have com- 
pleted the series, because no student of American history is better 
acquainted than he with the life and activities of Sir William 

This volume has been completed by Dr Almon Wheeler 
Lauber, formerly professor of history at Syracuse University. 

A. C. Flick 
Director, Archives and History 

Division and State Historian 

Autographs From Volume VII 


^ 6l4* <Z^ t 


c/fu^*»* — fu?y&^ 




°v?iefa ylCL <££*^ 

V * 1 




A. L. S. 

[New York, June 3, 1769] 

Agreable favours, the Errand of this is to ac- 
company [a bell which] I have this Day receive! from the 
Founder; he has Sent [ ] to be 5/ ^ tt & weighs 

106 tt — I hope you will receive it [and that] it will please you 
— The Reverend M r Charles Ingliss [ ] me to trans- 

mitt Docf Chandlers Vindication of the Appeal [with his] 
best Respects to you, which I accordingly Send by this Same 
[opportunity, as also the Enclosed Letters, which I received 
Yesterday from [M r Chew] please to deliver the One to our 
frind Croghan when you See [him] — I was yesterday a good 
Deal allarmed at a Report, which [is in]dustriously Spread & 
universally believd here — Viz 1 , that the Indians [are] gathering 
in large Bodies about Detroit, with Intention to begin [hos] tili- 
ties again & that in Consequence of that Account, the Battoes 
coming up were all Stopped at Niagara — This if true, will be 
very [dread] full to me — I Still Want about £1 0,000 from that 
Quarter, a very [great] part of which I have the highest Ex- 
pectation of receiving in the [ ] of this Season, as the 
Trade has been very good the last Winter [ ] Quanti- 
ties of Peltry was expected in this Spring — All [expectations 
will therefore Vanish, if this Account be true — [ 
indeed I rather Suspect it is false, because I cannot [ you] or 
the Generall have had any Expresses about it — Major Sheriffe 
| he is pretty certain it is for that Reason false & has 
been only [invent] ed by the Traders to Serve their own pur- 
poses — but in the Meantime I am] very uneasy — do be so 

2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

kind Good Sir, as let me know whether [you have] any Reason 
to believe this Report & what your Opinion of it is | 
you will very greatly oblige 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar*. 

Johnson Hall 
Cap 1 Troax with a Bell 
to be Sent to M r John Van Eps 
in Schenectady 

INDORSED: N York 3 d . June 1769 

M r - Wetherheads letter 
w ,h - Enclosures 

Sir William Johnson To Jn°. Holt D r 
1 768 To his Account as by Copy dd Mr. 

Weatherhead including News L N°. 1328 L3 

1 769 To News since till 1 406 is 1 ]/ 2 Year & p 1 

This Ace' paid by J W £ 

Receipt in my Rec 1 book 


A. L. S. 1 

New York June the 5 th . 1769. 
Worthy Sir 

I now acknowledge the receipt of your very obliging and kind 
Letter of the 26 th of last April — I should immediately have 
done myself the honor of returning an answer, had I not been in 
dayly expectation of hearing from the Society concerning some 
Things you mention. My expectation in part is answered; & I 
can now furnish you with a few Paragraphs of a late Letter, 

In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 3 

which, I hope will be agreeable to you — The first is as follows 
— "The Society are glad to hear, that the purchase of the late 
D r Barclays House is completed by you; and that the Attorneys 
have agreed to advance the Money for that purpose: This 
Method of payment is particularly acceptable". N. B. The 
Deeds are executed, & I hope now to have them in my possession 
in a few Days. The Scarcity of Cash has prevented the Execu- 
tors of the late S' George Talbot, from raising it as yet, therefore 
I shall now prevail upon them to give their Bond for the whole, 
or part of the Purchase. In short — The Affair some how or 
other Shall be finished immediately — The next Paragraph is 
as follows — 

"Sir William Johnson acquaints me that a Salary of £25 p r 
ann is necessary to induce an able and useful man to undertake the 
Office of Schoolmaster in the Mohawks Country. The Society 
are willing to allow it, & leave it to S r William & you to procure 
one — 

This you have happily done, tho' I must confess the Salary 
appears to me to be too small. It affords me great pleasure to 
find, that he may soon be in possession of D r Barclay's House & 
Lands, which I shall take Care speedily to effect. In regard to 
his Salary, he may very safely draw for it, half Yearly His 
Bills must be addressed — To M r William Symondson, At the 
first Fruits Office, in the Inner Temple, Secretary to the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. The Bill 
must run thus — S r - please to pay to — the Sum of £12:10:0 
Sterling, at thirty Days sight, or his Order, being a half Years 
Salary due to me, as the Societys Schoolmaster the — day of — 
at the Mohawks Castle, in the province of New York — I am&c 
— But previous to the Bills, the Society should be informed of 
his Appointment, this I will readily do It would also be neces- 
sary for him to write to the Society, and give them a particular 
account of what he is about — The same Method should be 
observed with respect to the other School Master. 

The Secretary again mentions the receipt of a Letter from 

4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you — His words are "I have received Sir W m Johnsons Letter, 
and shall communicate it to our first Board ; and am confident his 
attention to our Affairs will give them a very particular satis- 
faction, and be received with all possible respect & thankfulness 
But I cannot be without Apprehensions, that the present disturbed 
State of our Colonies will not permit an Application to be made 
for our great and favorite point of an Episcopate in America: It 
must be posponed for better Times." 

Thus Sir I have given you such acc ,s as I have received. I 
wish they had been fuller & more to the purpose. I still lament 
the want of Missionaries for your Country, and sincerely wish it 
was in my power to procure them: however tho' the prospect at 
present is not very promising, yet it may soon alter for the better. 
I have lately seen M r Seabury — He is chagreened at the Salary 
the Society propose, which he thinks is much too small consider- 
ing the Expence he must be at, if he does any good. I am trying 
all I can to prevail upon him to pay you a Visit ; which I hope I 
shall effect. Before I put an end to this long Epistle, I would 
just mention an Affair to you that concerns myself. For this 
many Years past I have been imployed in serving the public, and 
flatter myself that my Services have been of some Consequence. 
I find it now time to have a little regard to my growing Family, 
by procuring for them some Lands if I could tell where to locate 
them. Ever since the two last wars I have, in the way of my 
Office done considerable Services, for the Troops, in this City, 
who in general have been without Chaplains, without any Fee or 
Reward ; which, I flatter myself if properly represented & backed 
at Home would procure me some Gratuity. I now would be 
extremely obliged to you, if you would favor me with your 
Advice, whether it would be best to apply to the Gov r & Council 
here for Lands with whom I stand very well ; or immediately to 
apply for a Mandamus from the King. I should also esteem it 
as a particular favor, if you would let me know whether there 
[are] any Lands lately ceeded by the Indians, that are valuable, 
left undisposed of — And if it should lay in your power, to pitch 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 5 

upon a Tract, that w d answer my Intention, by informing me of 
it, you will lay me, and my Young Family under lasting Obliga- 
tions — pardon Worthy Sir, the Freedom I now take which I 
should not have done, was I not well acquainted with your good 
Disposition, and great willingness to serve those, who have the 
honor of being ranked in the Number of your Friends. 

We have nothing very material by our Packet — A Change of 
the Ministry tho't to be unavoidable, and W — s 1 still unhanged 
to the great grief of every honest Man. I shall not inlarge, as I 
suppose our Friend Banyar, who is a great politician, will inform 
you of every Thing new — As for our Domestick politicks they 
are very well at present. The right side carry every thing before 
them. Judge Levingston is returned for the Manor, but can't 
sit, as the House before they broke up made resolves that ex- 
cludes him. He is very angry, as well as the rest of his party. 
I will detain you no longer, than while I assure you, that I am, 
Worthy Sir, with great esteem & respect 

Your much Obliged & 
Most Ob' Ser' 

Samuel Auchmuty 
P. S. I have wrote to the person whose 
letter I sent you, & expect his Answer soon. 

Can he proceed to Conajohare this Summer 
should he be so disposed. He bears a very good Character. 

indorsed: 2 N York June 5 th . 1769 
Docf- Auchmutys Letter 
w th - Sevr 1 - Extracts from the 
Societys Letter — 

1 John Wilkes, popular agitator and advocate of a free press, in prison 
at the time of this writing. 

2 In Johnson's hand. 

6 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Albany the 5 l K June 1769 

Lodge in due Form 
[Wor]shipful Sir/ 

Brother Stringer Senior Warden of the Ineffable [Lodge] 
Master of Our Lodge of Three Degrees, went up the Mohawk 
River in order [ ] t S*. Patricks and to signify the unani- 

mous request of both Body's [that] their worthy brethren of S l 
Patricks would join them in Procession [on] S l Johns day and 
also to assure them that ours will visit them in [the win]ter to 
celebrate that Festival. — As there was no Lodge at Johnstown 
[Thur]sday; I am requested to acquaint you with this their 
earnest desire [ ] possible, we may, notwithstanding, 

be honoured with the presence of [man]y Respectable Brethren; 

I am Sir 

with the greatest respect 
Your most humble & obedient Serv 1 

William Gamble 
Gr M r . Ineffable Lodge 


A. L. 5. 

[New Yor]k 5 June 1769 

| of this is only to accompany the two enclosed 
Warrants [of survey] which have been ready for Some time past 
I have only [waited] for Orders, because I did not know who to 
Send them to ] have paid 40/ Each for them, for 

which please to Credit my Ace 1 [ ] fryday I Sent your 

Bell — which I hope you will receive Safe. I should be happy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 7 

in receiving your further Commands & in the meantime believe 
me to be with the most Sincere Regard 

Sir your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
[ ] Will Johnson B' 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar*. 

Johnson Hall 


A. L. S. 

N York June 5 1769 

[ ] express my thanks [ ] 

was honored with last satur[day ] packquet is arrived, the 

Letters [ ] a Continuance of the Intestine [ 

we have So long lamented. the] Queen and Arch Bp of 

Canterbury [having been] wrought up on to interest themselves 
[with the] Sovereign, on behalf of Mr Wilkes [his par] don, it 
is expected; will, thro such [me]diation, be obtained, and this 
Expe[dient being] adopted in order to correct the hitherto in- 
supera[ble of his Adherents backed by all [ 

and puritan Interest, it is thought [he will be] permitted, quietly, 
to take his Seat in [ ] the Mind of the people will 

be cooled [ administration have a better Chance 

] in power. 
[An alliance] is said to be fixed betwen France [Spain] & 

]on of the permanence of the peace with [France 

] poverty, for their India Company 1 [ ] their 

other actions reduced very Con[ ] occasiond by 

1 "The Compagnie des Indes, which had been languishing for a long 
time and to which the Treaty of Paris had dealt the death blow, was 
suppressed in 1 769 after having absorbed a capital of 200 millions," 
— Lavisse and Rambaud, Hisloire Generate, 7: 677. 

8 Sir William Johnson Papers 

demestic division [ Jacity in the Administration to 

me[ ]e Interest in a time of Hostility [ ]ple 

have been consulted [ ] ngement of 

Servants but | Jed upon, and, we are told [ 

]ain dissagreed. 1 

[ ] 

that in [ ] 

I shall obey your Comm[ands Books and on every 

occasi[on ] You all the Amusement in [ 

my Humble respects wait on Sir [John] and I am, Sir William, 

Your most f[ 

Jam 55 Riv[ington] 

The Virginian Resolves it is thoug[ht ]lutely obtain 

ample relief in our Co[mmercial restrictions. But Government 
will not [ ] applications upon Constitutional 

Com[ ] 


S r W m Johnson Bar* 
at Johnson Hall 


A. D. S. 

[June 5 1769] 2 

Conte des fourniture que jay fait au [Six] nasion au Conte du 
roy par lordre de monsieur [Daniel] Closse Commandans des 

6 jours a 1 5 personne tan pety que gran famme 
et en fan je leurs et donnez par jour 3 pin a 1 s les 
si jour pour le pin fait 9 tt 

si livre de lar par jour les 6 jour fait 36 tt a 10 s la 

livre 1 8 n 

1 The disagreement of Lord Chatham and Lord Temple. 
- Date supplied from the Johnson Calendar. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 9 

par ordre de monsieur pertuy un po par jours fait 6 po 
2»lepos fait 12» 


monsieur voyla le Conte au juste de se je leurs et fourny si 

vous trouvez monsieur que les pri soy tro ford vous ette le mestre 

je serez tous jours Contante de se que vous me donnere jay 

lhonneur destre avec respects 


Votre tres humble 

Account of the supplies which I have furnished to the [Six] 
Nations on the King's account by order of Mr [Daniel] Claus, 
commander of the Indians. 

6 days to 1 5 persons, both little and big, women and children. 
I have given them each day 3 loaves of bread at 10 sols (apiece) ; 
for the six days the bread comes to 9 livres 

Six pounds of bacon a day for six days is 36 n ; at 1 sols 
a pound 18 

by order of Mr Perthuis a pot (of liquor) a day, six pots 
at 2 livres a pot, it comes to 12 livres 

21 1 " 

This is the exact account of what I furnished them. If you 
find, sir, that the prices are too high, you are free to reduce them. 
I shall always be satisfied with what you will give me. I have 
the honor to be with respect 


Your very humble 

Lachouignrie Paran 

1 Should be 39 livres. 

10 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

June the 6 ih . 1769 
Dear Sir 

I had the feavor of y rs . with the Sheep fer w h . am Much 
oblidg d . to y r . Honer Butt am Shure you have Sent Me More 
then I Should have w h . I Must be Indebt for Till I Can Replace 

A few Days Ago I had a Leter from Co". Bradstreet w h . I 
inclose your Honor for y r . Peruseal the Indians and Every Body 
I See heer Talk of a Warr to the Westward Shure if there was 
any Truth in the Report you wold have Leters from the posts 
phaps itt May be a Schame of the Traders to prevent any Goods 
from Going Back from this province. 

Sence I had the Plesher of being att your [Hon]ers I have 
had Several presing Leters from [ ] pople who has 

Drafts on Me fer the Ac ,ts . [at De]troit & fort pitt I Supose 
as I am Setled [ ] in this part of the World they think 

there Danger in My hands I will be oblidg d . to 

y r - honer when Convenient to [ ] Me a Draft fer the 

amount of those Acoun [ ] I May Send itt to Some per- 

son in New york [ ] Take up the Drafts & have Don 

with those Tru[blesome] Acounts 

I Should have Wated on you att Conjen [ ] Butt had a 

Tuch of the Rumitism I hope y r . C[hurch?] is in a forward way. 

I have Wrote to m r . J [ to Know what Success he has 

had with th[ | Subscription to Refresh his Memery as he 

Nott Wrote as he promised 

I Spoke to M r . Mier the Chainy Ware[ ] will 

Make Some flower pots & other things [for] y r . honer he Tells 

Me he is to be att y r . [ ] in A Week as he is one of y r . 

Lieuts & | ] to you about y r . Lott in Springfild N °. 

Joyns his & he Intends to purchess itt | 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 11 

part of the Lott I have Seen its Stony | | good Soil. I 

am Dear Sir with G[reat 

y r . Honers Most [ 

G[eorge Croghan] 

To the Hon bIe . Sir William Johnson Ban 4 . 


Johnson hall June 8 ih 1769. 

I have had the favor of Your Excellencys Letters of the 22 d - 
and 29th ult°- the former by Skrimble, whose Complaint shall 
be inquired into as soon as possible after M r Herkimers return 
from attending the Court, and shall transmit all the Information 
I can procure concerning the Matter as I am very sensible that 
Some of the Magistrates, thro' Ignorance, or some other cause are 
often guilty of errors that stand in much need of Amendment — 

Before the receipt of your last I had desired the Smiths & 
Interpreters (who otherwise w d - have come away) to remain yet 
at their Several Posts sensible of the danger of withdrawing per- 
sons so necessary to the Indians, but I can affirm that no proper 
persons can be got for the Sum resolved by the House, unless 
they are allowed to entirely destroy the end of their being sent 

I fear that the plan proposed by the Assembly to regulate the 
Indian Trade, will not meet with the [concurrence of the other 
Colonies, as I observe that Interest [and] position prevails over 
other considerations in these Cases. ]n never be con- 

ducted on a proper plan without a | ]ion of Sentiments. 

I am with the greatest 

Respect Sir 

Y r - Excell^ 8 Most &ca 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson, except the words from "unless" to 
the end of the second paragraph, and the concluding phrase of compli- 
ment. These are in Sir William's. 

12 Sir William Johnson Papers 

P.S. I have Just done with [ ] those Officers who 

were assembled of Coll°. Van Slykes & Coll. Johnsons Regts. the 
] Adjutant General for my District, which is an 
] Necessary, & for which I think him qualified, but 
I [ ] be proper that he receives the Commission 1 for 

that [ ] Your Excell^ in a former Letter was so 

obliging as to [ 



S r - John Johnson 
June y e 9 th To William Bowen D r 


To 5 Wedges & 5 Rings for Sithes 

To 4 Nib Rings at /9 p r Ring 

To Shooing a Waggon Wheele 

To Shooing a Span of Horses 

To Laying of 2 Axes 

To 3 New Axes 1 0/ pr Ax 

To Laying a Stubbing how 

INDORSED: W m Bowins Acct 

£ 5 





1 10 


£ 2 18 

£ 2.18. 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady 10 th - June 1769 

I am fav d . with your Letter incloseing your [draft on] M r . 
William Newton for the Ballance of your [ace*. w]ith Ab m . 

1 Guy Johnson's commission as Adjutant General was dated December 
1, 1768. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 13 

Mortier Esq r . which I shall present for [paym]ent, & bring the 
State you require. 

[Sejveral Boats having arrived this Day from [the Fort?] & 
Niagara will delay my departure to fix some [businjess untill 
Wednesday Next; my stay in N York [I expect] will be short. 
No time shall be lost in sending [ ] Cash on my return, 

had I any Money just [now by] me, wou'd make you an offer of 
it as I cou'd [ ] the same Sum of yours Below, what I 

have is [not wor]th the While, but shou'd Ellice receive in my 
[absence any] I have desir'd him to transmitt it to you on 
I need Not informe you that the report of [an 
Indian] War is happily vanish'd. 
] with much esteem 

Your Obliged Hum e serv' 

James Phyn 
[ ] Johnson 


The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 


In the American Antiquarian Society, printed by C. H. Lincoln in 
Transactions, 1 1 : 5 0—5 1 , is a draft of a letter of June 12th to Governor 
Franklin, touching Wharton's claim for compensation for losses, the dis- 
pute over the rights of Parliament, Evans's manuscript journal, curious 
and extraordinary letters from Parson Williamson alias Johnson on the 
subject of the boundary between Indian lands and the settlements, strong 
resolutions in Connecticut concerning the Susquehanna valley, the price 
which Johnson is obliged to place on his Susquehanna lands, the delay of 
the colonies in creating a system of Indian trade to replace his system, an 
alarm at Detroit and apprehensions at Niagara, and a possible visit to the 
sea shore for the benefit of the writer's health. A Force Transcript of 
the letter is in the Library of Congress. 

14 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall June 1 2 ih - 1796 
I am Very Sorry that I am obliged to acquaint the Ineffable 
of my apprehensions that some buisness of Importance will Call 
me soon from home, and that as Some of the Members of S f 
Patricks are absent, and the Children of both my Sons in law 
Just inoculated, our attending agreable to our own desires and 
Yours must be very uncertain which will be a great disappoint- 
ment to us. — 

Please to offer my Thanks & that of this Lodge to the [Body] 
for their invitation, & promise to Joyn us at the Winter [fesjtival 
which will be highly agreable to us all, as will every [ 
occasion which affords us an Opportunity [of co]nferring to- 
gether & me of Assuring you & the Body that [ ] Sir, 

Yours, and their hearty Well Wisher 
and Most Obedient Servant 

A. L. S. 

[New York, June 12, 1769] 

[ ] 

I have not yet [ ] 5 th May, and the Arrival 

of the | ] answering your Letter of 27 ,h 

May [ ] 

The Commissary General can p[urchase no provisions but] 
in Cases of extremity, and I could not devise any [ 
the Indian Corn you desired from hence wold [ ] 

in any Account of the Several Departments. 

What you have Mentioned concerning the Charge | 
Transportation of Provisions, and your Recollection that 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 15 

[ ] Persons were detained at Fort Stanwix on 

various S[ervices] is sufficient to prove that the People have 
not given in [ ] Demands, and I did not mean to 

trouble you further on the 

Extract from CoK Bradstreet's Accounts. 
I have received Letters from Detroit and Niagara concerning 
the Reports you mention in your's of 27 th . May, and by a Letter 
received from Fort-Pitt prior to the others, I am informed that 
the Indians on ohio were Caballing, but the real Cause of their 
Discontent was not known. It was reported they were dis- 
pleased, because they did not receive Presents, tho' they get 
Tobacco, Rum, Powder, Shot, Salt and Provisions, when they 
go to Fort-Pitt. It was Said at Niagara they were Jealous of 
the Six Nations on Account of the very large [ 
Sinclair and his goodness [ ] used to be laid up. 

[ ] want will be granted for the Account 

jlled, but it will be some time before it is 

discharged [ ] actualy No Money to be had in this Place. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 

INDORSED: June 12 th . 1769 — 

Genr'. Gages letter — 


A. L. S. 

New Orleans June 1 3 lh . 1769 
[Dear] Sir 

I am thus Far on my way to You. I left Fort Chartres the 
25 th . of ap 1 . and arrived here in 13 days, there is Vessels daily 
Expected here, from New York, and Philadelphia. Shall Em- 
brace the first Oppertunity. 

16 Sir William Johnson Papers 

You will Doubtless before You receive this, have heard, of 
Pondiac's being Kill'd by the Pariorias who live at Cahakia. — 
what Effects it will have amongst the Indians, I cant Say, no very 
good [one] I believe as they already Seem discontented enough 
[a few] Nights before I left the Illinois, there [was a] Soldier 
and his Wife Scalpd, a little [way from] the Fort in their Bed. 
Supposed to be the Ouabach Indians, [and Since] my Departure 
Six Kaskaskias Indi[ans was] Scalped between the Fort and 
their [Village] by the Sacks & Reynards. — Shall [be] better 
able to informe you, when I [have] the pleasure of Seeing You. 
My Compliments to your Fam[ily] 
I am 

with the Utmost Re[spect] 

Most ob« H[uml. Servt] 

Edw[ard Cole] 
Sir William Johnson 
INDORSED: [New Orleans, June 13th 1769] 
Corny [Coles Letter] 


June 14, 1769 

[ ] from B. F's Letter May 29— 1769 [ ] 

Objections have been made by Lord [Hillsborou]gh to the Rati- 
fication of the late Indian [Treaty] and to Sir William's Con- 
duct in it. One is, that [he has go]ne beyond his Instructions, 
in obtaining too [much] land of the Indians, it being intended at 
this Time [to pur] chase no farther than the great Canhaway. 
| objection is founded on the Apprehension that [the 
pe]ople will soon seat themselves in the remote [ | & 

1 Apparently sent by George Croghan to Johnson, having been received 
from Samuel Wharton in London. "B. F." is plainly Benjamin 
Franklin, writing to Wharton. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 17 

be too far out of the reach of Government here [Ano]ther is, 
his permitting the private Grants to [ ] Merchants & M r . 

Croghan (& perhaps to M r Penn) [ ] transacted at 

the same Treaty, and made Condi [tion] of it. It has for some 
time been doubtfull whether [the Tr]eaty would be ratified or 
not, & we have been [ende]avouring through every Channel we 
could use, [to] obviate these Objections, & Support the Treaty 
& [the] propriety of Sir William's Conduct of it. At [ 
we hear it is ratified conditionally if Sir [Willia]m cannot pre- 
vail with the Indians to alter [it in] those particulars. I make no 
doubt but he [will insis] t with a becoming Firmness on the 
Occasion [to rat]ify his own Measures with proper Spirit 
]ble to his Character. — 
June 14. — 

This Letter having miss'd the Opportunity [ ] I 

intended to have sent it, I open it to add, ] am well 

inform'd, that L d . H s . Objections to the [ ] are 

entirely disapproved by the rest of the [councillors] as well as 
most of his American Conduct, [ ] wish to get rid of 

him. — 

Extract from S. W.'s Letter, June 1 4, 1 769 

] to the forgoing, I learn from M r Walpole [a 
member of] parliament & Brother to L d . Walpole & a [ ac- 
quaintance of L d . Ch. .m's, that the Lord [Ch.n.l.r supped 
with] him last Night & told him, [that there was not one mem] 
ber in all the Cabinet Councill, [but what thought] L d . H . . .h] 
mad in his Objections to the [ ]e of his Letters to 

Sir unanimous Opinion [ 

all its Parts if the Six Nations would not depart [ 
which were fix'd at Fort Stanwix. L d [Hillsborough] sent away 
his foolish Letter (as the L d . [ ] to Sir William before 

he had consulted the [ ] upon it; — But as soon as the 

C. .n. .C saw it ] their Amazement at it, and 

therefore, his Lor[dship was] obliged to write his subsequent 
Letter, which ] in the equivocal manner it is in 

order to save ] Honor ; But the L d : Ch . . . r Said, 

18 Sir William Johnson Papers 

last Night, he [was such] a wrong Headed Body, he was a fraid 
Sir Will [iam] would not understand the true meaning & D [esign 
of] the Cabinet Councill. This Information you [may] literally 
& fully depend on, as M r : M r : Walpole [commu]nicated it 
this Morning, in the Strictest Confidence] to M r . Franks & 


A. L. S. 

London June 14, 1769 
I have wrote you very fully lately. To Which I [beg] Leave 
to refer You and I now in the greatest Haste, | my 

Pen to communicate the following important Intelligence to] 

[I was] with M r . Walpole just Now, Who is a member of 
Parliment [and] Brother to Lord Walpole and a most intimate 
acquaintance of [Lord C]h.t.m's and He communicated to Me 
in the greatest Confidence, [that] the Lord Ch. .n. .l.r 1 supped 
with Him last Night and [told] Him, That there was not One 
Member in all the Ca . . b . . t [ ] 1 ; But what thought 

L d . H. . .h Mad, In his [object] ions to the Boundary & c — As 
mentioned in One of his [ ] to Sir W. . .m And 

Therefore it was the unanimous Opinion [ ] Determina- 

tion of Them, To confirm it in all its parts, [ | Six 

Nations would not depart from the Terms, which [they ratijfied 
at Fort Stanwix. ] had wrote and sent away his 

foolish Letter (as the L d [Ch.n.l.r] called it) to sir William, 
Before He had consulted the [ ]C. .n. .1 upon it; — 

But as soon as the Council [ ] They all expressed 

their Amazement at it and Therefore [his Lords] hip was obliged, 
by Order of the C. .n. .1 to contradict [ ] expressed 

in the strange eq . . v . .1 Manner it is, In order [ 

1 Charles Pratt, first Earl of Camden, created Lord Chancellor in 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 19 

Ingnorance and save his Honor; 1 But the L d Ch. .n. .r | 
He was afraid S r William would not understand the [true mean- 
ing] and Design of the Ca. .b. .t C. .n. .1. 

] absolutely rely On the above Intelligence and 

]r's Expression, no longer than Yesterday, — They 

] Oppertunity (so as not to weaken Themselves at this 

] are pressing Them so closely) "to get rid of 

[ ]ted Creature." — 

] as I am afraid I shall be too late for [ 
] I must subscribe myself, as I sincerely [ 

] much obliged and faithfull Fr d . 

Sam l Wharton 
| has abandoned Corsica. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 427, are listed two warrants of June 14th 
from General Gage, with accounts annexed, authorizing payments to 
Johnson: one for £7277, 2s, 7d, New York currency, the other for 
£1204, 13s, lOd. 


Johnson hall June 14 th . 1769 
Altho' from different Avocations our Correspondence [ 
been but little, Yet it may possibly be much enlarged and there 
may be occasions requiring it, which I shall always gladly em- 
brace, That which produces this Letter I shall enter upon 
without farther ceremony persuaded that it will meet with a 
friendly reception — You know that the House of Assembly 

1 See Hillsborough's letter of May 1 3, 1 769, to Johnson, Doc. Hist. 
N. 7., 2:938. 

2 A member of the assembly, elected by New York. 

3 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

20 Sir William Johnson Papers 

have prepared & published an Act for the Division of the County 
of Albany which is certainly at present by much too extensive. — I 
have never heard any thing of this till the publication in the prints 
by order of the house which made it known to all the Inhabitants 
who tho very Numerous & of great Importance to the Province 
may be said to have very little or rather no Share in the Legisla- 
tion, some of our Members are actuated by party, others too 
ignorant or distant to be acquainted with the real Circumstances 
of the Country which it is their Duty to know the very short 
Notice & other Circumstances which I communicated to some of 
our Mutual friends at [ ] York prevented me last Election 

from exerting that Interest [ ]ded on the Affections of 

the people which they well know [ ]ght of all their 

Acts & Endeavors to the Contrary can prevent [ ] having 

any Seat in. the Assembly, I have not accustomed [ 
to fall short of what I say in the performance, & [ 
probably experience it to their Cost on some future [ 
This Division of the County which seems to have [ 
far off, is from the principal Inhabitants [ ] & from My 

Own knowledge of the Matter [ ] 6c inconvenient 

to all, it Cuts & [ ] nner which must hurt Sundry 

persons & Extends the County of Albany [ ] 

that the New County which has been [ ] War & 

which tho' extremely promising is [ ] will not be 

able to defray the Necessary Ex[pense ] sensibly affecting 

the New Settlers in particular [ ] Majority of its 

Inhabitants & thereby retarding [ ] & Lessening 

the Value of the Lands along the Mohawk River, which 

Check may prejudice under the present Cir- 
cumstances of the] Country, from the Nature of it however it 
hurts | | as the Meanest Inhabitant, neither can the 

County [ ] run where it will in any degree weaken 

my Interest | 1 Sufficiently prove, but I speak in behalf 

of a people [whose] sentiments & Interests are not known as they 
ought | | may be assured that I would not interest your 

friends of a Misrepresentation but that from my 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 21 

knowledge [of the] Matter I am convinced it will appear that 
the prop[er line?] for the New County so as to give general 
satisfaction and] produce those advantages, which ought to be 
Experienced] should be from the head of Delaware round the 
Patents to the Nor[th of the Manor] of Ranslaerwyck, along 
that Patent to Schenectady [ ] & then North along 

its West bounds, which by C[ ] boundary of the 

New County a few Miles farther [ ] Mohock River 

will Include Sev 1 . Good Settlements ] the Expences of the 
first Establishment to [ ] poor Inhabitants, whilst 

at the same time it [ ] Certain boundary than that 

described | | those Inconveniences to which the 

[ ] 

With a View to the effecting the [ ] will oblige 

me & the principal [ ] in its behalf at the Ensu[ing 

session ] your friends in behalf [ ] to the 

Well fav [ ] 


A. L. 5. 

Ontario 1 5 th June 1769 

Your favor by Andrew Wemple Smith [& inter] preter to this 
post I got about ten days ago, I think [he will a]nswer very well 
in both Capacity, & I am glad to have him and much Oblidge to 
you for [sending] him here 

The general has not sent a word here [about] your Depart- 
ment, & I understand nor has [he se]ntasyet to the upper posts, — 
Boats [arrived] here yesterday that left Detroit the Kings 
[Birth] Day 1 all was then peace & quiteness but [ 
heard a word from Mackinac this Spring [m]any Messesagoes 
are gon pas[t here] lately [going] to Johnson hall I have been 
as civill to them [as possible] & given them every thing in my 
power [The Five] Nations are the most Beggerly sett I ever 

1 June 4th. 

22 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] life (notwithstanding I am Highlander [ 
time in Ireland) & I will be out off [pocket?] in Spite of my 
resolution to the [contrary?] Cap n . M c Leod & family left this 
place [ ] yesterday, nothing new here worth 

Com[municating] to you the Bearer has a Canoe in Charge 

] from Cap". M c Leod I have given them [ 
provision I am 


with great Re[gard] 
your Most [ 
& very Hum [ 

Allan Gra[nt] 


A. L. S. 

New York 16 June 1769 
Dear Sir 

This Letter will be deliverd you by [M r ] Cossans & M r 
Taylor, Gentlemen of Distinction [of] the Island of Jamaica, 
they are making the Tour of America, in which Johnson Hall 
will always claim Attention — I fancy you will | ] have Let- 
ters from severall of your Friends [ ] by them, as their 
Behaviour intitles them to every Civility from all who have [had 
the] pleasure to know them, as I have the honor to be of that 
Number, I would do [any] thing in my power to oblige them, & 
] I cannot do it more effectually [than] adding my 
Mite towards introducing [them to] you, at the same time I 
must own it flatters my Vanity to shew that [ 
to you, & I am glad of any Oppertufnity to] assure you of the 
Esteem & regard [with which] I am 

D r Sir 

Your most obed' S[ervant] 

Hugh Wallace 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 23 

The HonbK 

Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 


The Honorable 
Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 

Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 

[Kinderhook, June 18, 1769] 

I J 

favour of the [19th of April] of which I have [ 

from New York fully upon the Subject [ 

took the liberty to write you on the 20th 1 of [March] that 
is stil out of my power, I shall therefor [ ] to 

give you such informations as I have. The rep[orts which I] 
heared some time ago of Col°. Renslaers having [ 
are confirmed to us but his appointments do not [ ] 

include or interfere with the People of this Township [ 
are rather calculated to give an extent to Claverack of [such] 
an extraordinary Magnitude as never was heared of [ 
Claverack by the Constructions that may be drawn from the 
Commissions includes all the Townships to the East [and] North 
East of us and even takes in a considerable Tract of Land be- 
longing to us and Comprehended within the actual Grant of the 
Township. As soon as we perceived the drift of the Commis- 
sions a Petition was Sent to the Governor of which the inclosed 
is a Copy. The People at Spencer Town took the alarm and 
Petitioned also, Some of the Officers in that Township took 
offence at their appointments (when they Saw the tendency) and 

1 24th? 

24 Sir William Johnson Papers 

resigned their Commissions to the Governor himself. Copy of 
what they wrote to His Excellency I also take the liberty of in- 
closing you. I am Sensible Sir that by troubling you with these 
papers I intrude upon you & that perhaps at a time when your 
attention is taken up with more important matters; but stil I 
flatter myself you will upon this occasion, as you have 
Several times done before give a favourable attention to me but 

[ ] 

[ ] was appointed to carry the 

Petition [to the Governor when he was with] you at the Fort but 
could not See the [ secre]tary was made acquainted with 
] and he took the papers with a promise that he w d 
deliver them, which we know he has done, tho we have not re- 
ceived an answer. Yet we have reason to think that the matter 
will Stop as Col° . Renslaer has not been out to swear the officers 
in. Deputations from different Townships were ready to call 
upon you if these appointments had been fully carried into 
Execution Authentic Copies of Some of the Commissions ready 
to be Sent over to Cap 1 . Campbell and others whom have Peti- 
tioned for the Contested Lands. 

I can assure you Sir that whenever You shall be pleasd to 
make an opposition in the County that you have Seven Eighths 
of Several Townships at your Service be it when it will, a hint 
will be Sufficient. 

I forgot to tell you that Cap n . Peter Vosburgh of this Place 
was appointed to deliver our Petition &c & that he Spoke to M r . 
Ten Eyck, one of the Members, to introduce him to his Excel- 
lency which he readily promised to do, but when he understood 
the nature of these papers he positively refused, by this Sir you 
see how little we have to expect or hope from y l quarter. 

I remain with the truest Respect, 
Your most Obedant 

and most humble servants 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 25 

A. L. S. l 

New York June the 19 l K 1769 
Worthy Sir 

I lately wrote you a long Letter, which I hope you have re- 
ceived; therefore should not so soon trouble you with another, 
was I not desired by M r Seabury to inform you, that he intends 
to pay you a visit immediately. You will find him a sensible 
Man & a Gentleman. I know of no Person fitter than he is, for 
a Missionary among you ; besides being well qualified for such an 
undertaking, he has Constitution to go thro' with it, and may be 
very useful as a physician. If he should be inclined to settle 
with you, I make no doubt but that the Society will fix him, with 
such a Salary as you shall think adequate to his Services and 
Expences. If he should not chuse to quit his present Mission, 2 
yet his visit will be of service, & upon his return he may give 
such information, as may induce some worthy Man to settle 
among you.^ 

You shall soon be impowered to take Possession of the late 
D r Barclays House &c. 

That part of my last Letter that respects myself, after you have 
been so good as to consider it, I shall be much obliged to you for 
an answer to it. 

I Congratulate you on your late good Success with the Indians ; 

and heartily pray that your valuable life may be long preserved, 

as a Blessing to your Friends and your Country. 

I am, Worthy Sir, with great esteem & 


Your Much Obliged & Most 

Obedient Servant 

Co , v/m t Samuel Auchmuty 

S R W M Johnson. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

2 The Rev. Samuel Seabury was instituted rector of St Peter's church, 
Westchester, by Sir Henry Moore, Baronet, on the 3d of Dec. 1 766. — 
Robert Bolton, History of the County of Westchester, 2:218. 

26 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 
INDORSED: June 19 th . 1769 — 
Doctor Auchmutys 
Letter — 

L. S. 

[Richmond, June 21 , 1769] 
The letter of the 16 th1 May You was pleased to write Capt 
Josiah Dean and me I did not receive until three Weeks after 
the Date of it. As Cap Dean is now absent it remains with me 
to reply thereto. 

As soon as I was honoured with the receipt of your favour I 
called a meeting of all the concerned and laid your letter before 
them and I am now Sir Authorised to acquaint that the Terms 
(upon which we can have a Township) You have been pleased 
to communicate are in general agreable to us, and in order to for- 
ward the purchase a Committee was yesterday appointed, at our 
Meeting, to wait upon you to confer upon and finally Settle the 
Terms. The Committee would sett out immediately to wait 
upon you with full powers ; but that we are informed of you being 
engaged in concluding a Treaty with some Nations of Indians at 
a considerable distance from home. As soon therefor as we can 
be informed of your return the Committee will immediately set 
out properly Authorised to conclude and finally settle upon such 
Terms as we trust will be agreeable to you. In the mean time 
we earnestly beg of you Not to Engage with any other pur- 
chasers as we are fully determined to have the Lands, more 
especially as you have been so good as to indulge us with a 

This should be the 26th of May. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 27 

If you will be pleased to let me know, by a line, of your 
return I beg you will direct it to the care of M r . Henry Van 
Schaack at Kinderhook whose attention to our interest we can 
fully rely on. 

with much respect 
Your most obedient 

humble servant 
Wallis Hurd 




Letter [ 


in behalf of [ 


concerning [ 



The Hon [ 


Sir Wil[liarr 

i] Johnson Baronet 


Johnson Hall 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 24 th June 1769 
] had the pleasure of receing yours of the 22 d Ins 1 , 
ordering [three] hundred Gun powder — I am Sorry to Ac- 
quaint you that there is none to be had Neither here nor at Albany 
[ ] Could get a few pounds w l . at 4/ to 4/6 ^ tt but 

would do you no Service the Quantity would be 
So [sma]ll, there is One kegg at One Oathouts but the [ 
is Not at Home, & his Wife wont give it — 

The Bearers of this is M r Taylor [and] M r Cossens two 
young Gentlemen making the Tour [of] America they are 
Strongly Recommended to me [by] Gentlemen at New York as 
Gentlemen of good [ ] & Familys — they are now on 

28 Sir William Johnson Papers 

their way to [ ] & Intend paying their Respects to 

You [ ] accompanys them to the German Flats 

] — those Gentlemen Travels verry [ 
no less than One of the first [ from York who goes 

up w[ ] with diffureent kinds of Stores [ 

I Sopose they are Introduced to you [ | Several 

Gentlemen at York, it wou [ | too formal in me to 

Introduce them to [you] as knowing that your House is open to 
all [ ] Gentlemen & nothing but Civility & hospita[lity] 

dwells there — I am Dear Sir with 

Great Respect [ 

most obedient 

Daniel Camp [bell] 
P S I Expect Some gun powder 
from York in about Six 
days its probible I may 
have an Oppertunity to 
Send it up so as to answer your purpose 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Major Camp [bell] 


Johnson hall June 24 th . 1769 
Dear Sir 

I have had the favor of your Letter of the 1 2 th Inst since which 
I find that the Alarm at Detroit has for the present subsided, and 
that so far as it regarded that settlement it was (as some say) 
occasioned by the Ind s . Claim on the property of the Inhabitants ; 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 29 

but altho' that might have been the case there, yet there are so 
many reports daily Circulating and some of them wearing an 
appearance of probability that they require particular attention 
& Enquiry. We must expect that they will be dissatisfied at 
Losing presents &ca, but we must endeavor to prevent the Con- 
sequences, & I have always found that a Jealousy amongst them- 
selves is the best Security for us. — It is very probable that the 
great present to the 6 Nation Confederacy has been viewed with 
much envy by the rest but Whatever pretexts they may use when 
they have an Inclination to Quarrel they well know that that 
present was for a Valuable property to which the 6 Nations only 
had a Title. — To obtain as much information as I can, I purpose 
in 2 or 3 days to proceed for Onondaga taking with me a few of 
those Articles of which their Chiefs are most in need, and I shall 
probably by being on the Spot make some discoveries, as well as 
prevent them from coming down this Summer which they would 
otherwise Expect. You will therefore please during my Absence 
which will be about a Month to Signify your Commands to Guy 
Johnson who will Execute them, or Communicate anything 
necessy for y r Information This Moment I received Letters 
from Detroit by wch I am Informed that Coll Wilkins Writes 
That M r D'Aubrie has ordered Mons r . S f Ange to Send down 
all the Spanish Officers & soldiers & that Huron Andrew told M r 
Hay that M r Vercher formerly a french Officer who came to Trade 
at Detroit had given Two Belts with 2 Kegs of Rum to the Two 
Huron Villages desiring that they would keep up their Courage 
as they Should Soon see their Old french father that Vercher is 
now gone from Sandousky to Montreal without Calling at De- 
troit. — & Andrew says that his Cousin a Huron who speaks good 
french was the Interpreter., 

[/ inclose you a Letter from the french Inhabitants of Detroit 
concerning M r . M c Dougals pretensions to Hog Island with their 
Memorial to me on the same Subject 1 ] 
Gen l . Gage 

1 Crossed out in the original. 

30 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, page 428, is listed a letter of June 24th to 
the Earl of Hillsborough, explaining that Johnson accepted the Six 
Nations' cession to the Cherokee river to quiet the Cherokee claim and 
prevent Virginia encroachments, and mentioning the activity of French 
agents among the western nations and the alarm at Detroit. (Printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:940-42; Q, 2:544-46 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y., 8:172-74.) 

A. L. S. 

Post Office Albany 25 June 1769 

I am favoured with yours of yesterdays date covering sundry 
Letters which will go per post 

I am Extreemly thankfull to you for your promise of a Good 
word in my behalf in case of a Change 

Your Express Arrived here about 10 OClock this Morning, 
and setts off Immediately, I have no Letters to send by him — I 
sent your Letters over on Friday last all in one Packet by Dan 1 
Campbell. — May I in future send all Coll : Croghans Letters to 
your care its a Pity they shoud lay in the Office — I shall make 
a Minute of them in Your Yearly Account of Postage 

I am very Respectfully 
Your Obed 1 & Obliged 

Jn°. Monier 
M r Seabury preached 
]t Sermon here this 

] the 14 th Chap*. John & 6 th Verse 
] I am the way, and y e truth 
no man co]meth unto the Father but by me 
]y handled 

[Sir William Johnson] Bart. 























— ] 


























Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 



Z) 1 

Sir W m : Johnson D r 



24 Gains Rum for the Bato men 12 

men 2 galngs Ech A A/— 
9 Cadgs at 2/ 

1 Set of toles from Miss Phinn & Elles at 
1 J/2 Scheppel Solte 
pr franck D r to 2 galng of Venneger 
to the Cadge 

1 doz of Stele Traps A 1 0/ Ech 
Cash p d . Rich d . Dorn for goeing Ex- 
press to Col°. Crogahan 

p r order By John Coine D r to 3 galng 

to the Hire of My Bato and Toles & 

to 9 hands Batoing at 5 Shilling p r 

1 769 from 26 June ontill & returned the 6 of Aug' 

42 days 
27 th p r order p r two ondagoes for 2 Shirts 
p r D° 2 Laps at 6/6 

2 nives at 1/3 and J4 Pante 4/ 
p r D°. to 2 pare of Purpele twild 

fryes 2 Stocins at 7/ fine 













2 10 - 

94 10 - 




6 6 


£114 18 6 

1 In collection of Willis T. Hanson jr, Schenectady, N. Y., detached 
accounts kept by a person now unknown, probably. 

2 Frieze. 

32 Sir William Johnson Papers 

July 4 To 1 white wash Brush "& overseer 

6 To 1 Loaf Sugar <$ your order 1 3 lbs 

To 2 New Baggs with Corn 5/ 
To 4|/2 Gallons Rum for Battowman 

To Caulking hire of a Boat & Tools 

for the same 
To 4 Kegs with Battowmens Rum 

Limes & Eggs 2/ 
To 1 pack Salt in which the Eggs is 

packed fine 
To 1 piece English Blankits Cont§: 

£6-10 Ech 
To the hire of 3 Battowman from the 

Seneca country to : a 5/ <P day 

theay findin themselves 
To Tools Bought of Wessel Van 

Schaack for Johnston the Gun 

Smith at Cahuga as 3$ receipt & 

your order 
10 To 50 lbs Nails ^ Ooverseer 1 / 

To riding 4 Load Stone by order of 

your overseer by Nicholas Gardi- 

neer my Boy 6/ 

1 2 To riding 4 Load of Stone 3$ by order 

of your over Seer by Nicholas } 

DeGraff & my Negro 6/J 

Hendrik Hoff & and W m Newbergh 

and Phillip Wilier Came home 

the 2 July and have Been gone 30 

Day Ech at 5 p r Day I finding 

them in Provision 

3 - 

19 6 

10 - 

1 3 

2 - - 
8 - 

12 10 - 

19 10 

1 7 6 

2 10 - 

I 4 - 

1 4 - 

23 5 



Post-War Period, 1763-1774 33 

26 to gedion an Indian gave a Large 
Brich Clout for Bringing a Letter 
to Co 11 Guy Johnson 6 6 

Brought to 173 
The Hon ble : Sir William Johnson Bar*: D r : 

Septem r 5 To |/ 2 Cw l . Gun powder ft my 

Fathers Waggoner £7 

2 1 To 2]/2 dozen Buttons ft order to an 

Onandaga Indian 6/ 3 9 

Nov': 12 To 6 Scipple Course Salt ft 

Van Sicklands order 6/ 1 16 - 

20 To 4 d°. ft d°. 6/14- 

30 To 1 Tap Borer ft Sev*. 

Hanses Brother 1 6 

Dec- 7 To 20 Blankits of 1 1 1 points 

ft order 12/ 12 - - 
To 6 White Shirts ft d°. 14/ 4 4 - 
To 6 d° ft d° 11/ 3 6 - 

To Cash paid for bringing the 

Blk ,s to y e Hall 4 - 

10 To 1 Lock ft Molly 2 - 

To 1 Slay Line iy 2 lbs 1/6 3 9 

19 To 2 Blankits of 111 points ft 

Self 14/ 1 8 - 


January 20 To 6 Romall Hankertchifs ft 

order 2/6 15 - 

To 2 pair Womens Leather 

Shoes ft d° 8/ 16 - 

24 To 6 English Blankits ft M' V. 

Sicklan 15/ 4 10 - 

25 To 1 pair Womens Shoes ft 

order 8 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

SuncK of Sir John's ace': as follows 


April 13 To 1 Cheese 93|/ 2 

lbs in Lead 10i 

Sep'. 25 To 24 lbs Nails W 

order 1 / 

Decem r . 5 To 6 lbs d° ^ d°. 1/ 
The above three Entrys belong 
to Sir John's ace 1 . 
March 7 To a Blankit of 111 points " 
Ordered, to Perry a Seneca 
13 To Cash paid Richard Hansen for 
Carrying Thomas King an 
Aughquaga Indian & family 
from hence to Col°. Croghans 
& order. 
March 16 th to Tickneck Thomas from Cane- 
iore p r order of Co": Crochen 
and Co 11 . Butler geave Capt 4 
Dallers for his assistence with 
the Surveyer. 

20 To 3 Oars sent to Sachandaga 
To 4 paddles sent to d° 
To Cash p d . Adam Fonda for 

riding two Boats to Sachan- 
dago 1 6/ 

2 1 To 2 Sawmill files 3$ order by 

Mr V. Sickland 

25 To your order favour of the Mow- 
hawk Indians for 1 Cw l Shott, 
Yl Cw l . they have rec d & the 
other is to be given them as 
soon as we get it gave them 
y e shot 

31 To 28 lbs Shott $ order by an 

4 1 9f 

1 4 - 
6 - 

Y 1 


12 - 


1 12 - 

4 - 

r 2 15 - 

13 9 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


April 5 


Feb r y 




Octob r 


Decem r 





Novem b 

' 16 

Decem r 



Feb r y. 


March 4 

To 3 lbs powder & 4 lbs Shott 

3$ order to a Cahuga Indian 14 - 

p r order to a Senneca Indian 
ennechseso D r to 2 lb Powder 
8/ and 4 Ib Shot 3/ 110 

Brought to next side 1 
Co 1 . Guy Johnson D r 

To 1 Earthern Bowie 

To 10 lb nails ^ Servant 1/ 

To Cash p d to M r Minderson 

at Schonectady for 16 Sticks 

To 4 Turkeys & my negro 3/6 

To 4 Silk Hank" $ Co 1 . Closs 
To 4 Silk Hank rs . <$ wife 
To 21 lbs Dears Leather & ser- 
vant Daniel 
To 1 Small Iron Pott IT 1 wife 
To 1 pair Wool Cards 
To 1 Ya yards Callico 

7/ 1 
6/ 1 

6/ 6 


To 1 Earthern Tea Pott ^ wife 
To 1 1/4 yards Chintz 1 0/ 

To 1 pair Sizars 2/ & 1 Thim- 
ble 4d 
To 1 Pad Lock 
To 25 Scipple Corn <$ Serv 1 3/ 










April 26 Credit By Cash 


April 26 Balence Due me 




£15 £15 17 9 
17 9 

1 The account is crossed out in the original. 

36 Sir William Johnson Papers 

May 10 p r my Self D r to 25 Scheppel wete 

3/ 3 15 

31 p r order By M r flood D r to 1 Dere 

Skin 18 

July 25 Betalt an abraham marines Voor 4 
Barrels Speck tebrengen Van 
marte Van al Styn na myn huys 1 6 

Agust 7 To 25 Schepel Corn By JohnWalles 

3/6 4 7 6 

To John Wallis & Crew for Bring- 
ing down the Wheat to y r House 8 - 

10 12 

Des r . 15 p r M rs Johnson D r to 1 Eyrn Pote 4 

to 1 y 2 Els of Broad Check at 4/ 6 

to 1 Bunch of yarn 2 

to 1 putter Bacon 3 

to 2 Corse Combs at 6 d / 1 

to 1 pece of Corse Clote for a file 

to 1 pare of Spotted Children Stocens 1 
to 1 peper Box 1/6 to 1 Salt Seller 

6<V 2 

to 1 gill Cope of Puter 1 
to 2 Erthen Boles 1/6 and 1 Large 

D° 2/9 5 

to 1 Hancetcher 1 

to 1 Pad Lock 1 
to Cash p d . Cor s Swits for a Barrell 

Sand & Barrell 7/ and Cash p d 
Van Dreesen for riding it up to 

your house 6/ 13- 

12 16 9 

1 Paid to Abraham Marines for bringing four barrels of bacon from 
Martin Van Alstyn's to my house. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 37 


Feby 22 By Cash p d . by Sir W m . ^ my Boy 
Haner £ 1 1 15 

Carried to fol°. 257 
257 Col°: Guy Johnson D r 

To your ace' Brought from fol° 1 26 £ 

To 6 lbs Nails ^ order of M r Raw- 
worth 6 - 

To 20 lbs Nails 50 order 1 - - 

When Cutting grass at Sacondago 

D r to your Shere in 56 !b Pork y e 

to 62 lb Bread the Half is 

to 2 galngs of Rum your share 

to sapane mele & Solte 

to your Shere in my wagon 2 Days to 

Carry the Men in 8 

[to 8 Men Days at theay finding 
there own Sider 1 ] 














to your Shere in 10 lb Pork and 2 
Loves Bread and one galng Rum 

to your Shere in my wagon to fetch 

them Back 8 

to 8 men moing grass 7 Days 
at 4/ the is your Shere 
25 To 2 Barrels pork Bo' of John Back- 
house Cost me 

To the Carrige from Albany to Sche- 

To the d° from Sch'y to your House 
Aug 1 16 To 3 Dozen pipes ^ Negro Baltus 

p r order for y e same 1 6 









1 Ivlarlfprl rmt in th*» manii'trrint 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



ec r 





27 To 1 Barrell Limes & Carrige of the 
Same up 
To 2* hagel 1 ¥ a Servint 9/ 2 

19 To 2*/2 lb fyn Bont $ wyf: 3 8/ 

To 2 tinne Commetie 4 3/ 
18 To 3 yds Yallow flannel ^ M' s : 

Clause 3/6 

To 2 yds Ribbond ^ d° 1/ 

24 to 3 yards of Muslin at 12/ 

9 To 5 Slays riding Hay from 

Sachendago 1 2/ 

10 To 2 Slays d° d° from 

[Square?] 12/ 

8 Credit by 5 or pieter Vrooman £200 
By Cash ^ Self [26 Bills of 
16/3 Each]* 21 2 6 

11 To 1 00 Scipple Wheat bo< of 

Col° Frey 4/ 

To 3 hands sent from here to 
bring it from Col° Freys to 
your House being out 3J/2 
days finding them Selves in 
Prov s & Liquor — a4/? Day 

1 18 

















20 - - 

2 2- 

£51 5 3 

Carried to N°. 7 page 78 7 

1 Small shot. 

2 Should be 9d. evidently. 

3 Fine fur per wife. 

4 Pewter Bowls. 

B Illegible [magor?]. 

11 Marked out in the manuscript. 

7 7 his entry is crossed out in the original. In the same collection is 
a receipted account for articles furnished by Charles McCormick at 
Montreal in 1781 and 1782 to Guy Johnson for the use of Indians; 
paid by an order on Daniel Claus. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 39 

253 Cok Daniel Clause D r . 

To your ace 1 from N° 4 page 120 £ 

April 6 To 9 lbs Nails $ Self 1/ 9 - 

To 2 lbs Shott 1/6 & 1 Large 

Gimblet 1/3 2 9 

To 1 Hammer 2/6 two Small 

Gimblets 8d & 2 p r Sieve Balls 

6^ 3 8 

12 to 1 lb powder <P order to a 

Caughnawaga Indian 4 — 

To 3 lbs Shott $ d°. d° d° 9 d 2 3 

To your order for 6 lbs Nails 1/ 6 — 

To 10 Scipple Wheat <$ order by 

Thomas Adems 3/6 1 15 — 

By 5 j/^, lbs Bead Like Wampum 

a 4/ £110 

p r order to a Cachnewago Squa; 

one Larg Shepe 14 

To 2 Barrells pork bo': of John 

Backhouse Cost me 10 — — 

To the Carrige from Albany to 

Sch'y. a 3/ Each 6 - 

To the Carrige from Sch'y. to your 

House 6 — 

agust 1 To 1 Quart Rum if* order by 1 

Caghnawga will 1 8 

to Phillips Mother Micel Dorens 

wife Paid p r your order at your 

house 3 4 

27 p r your order for m r . wraworth 

Child Buriing 

D r to 2 Doz of pipes 1 / and 2 ,b 

of tobaco 2/ 3 










Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sept 19 to 41/ 2 el Sey Stob ft wijf 1 3/6 

to 2 Stel Braynalde 2 
Nov 7 Credit By a Draft by Mr Stell in 

full £ 19 - 

Dec r . 





January 1 1 

p r Self D r to 1 pare of Stone Bouls 

to 1 lb peper 6/ & 1 lb alspys ft 


to 1 paar Cniegepse 3 

1 Smale Drm 
To |/ 2 yd Silk & Worsted Stuff 

ft Cap*. m c Loud 
To 6% yds flannel ft self 3/6 
To 3 J/J yrds Callico a 5 & 4 

Gimblets 1/ 
To 1 ounce thread & 1 Cotten 

To 2Ya yds fine Musslin 12/ 
[7"o 2 Schipple Indian Corn 
To 3 J/2 yds Green Cloath 18/ 
To 4 yds Shaloon 3/3 
To 1 pair Sizers to M rs M c Loud 
p r your order on Corneles Potman 

and Daniel Robesens Resept to 

Cash Pd. 

15 9 




2 - 

3 7K 2 

18 6 



1 7 



3 3 







To Mohair 1 /6 Shaloon 6/ Buck- 
ram 1/3 ft 8 9 

To 1 Tankerd 7/ & 2 Spelling 

Books 5/ p d 8 d 12 9 

Brase Buttons 2/ 5 4 - 

1 Silk cloth per wife. 

2 2 sets of knitting needles. 

3 Knee buckles. 

4 Marked out in the manuscript. 

1 This entry is crossed out in the original. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 41 


A. L. S. 

Albany June 25 1769 

I beg leave to tell you that I find the Oquaga Indians dont 
Remember the Bounds of the Deed they gave me, for they 
Suppose that from Tionadarh I am to strike a Creek a consider- 
able distance above the Turn of the River at the End of the 
Path from Oquaga upon the Mohawk Branch, which would not 
only cut me of from a considerable quantity of Land but [the] 
very best in that Tract — and by all reports there is but little 
good in it — The bounds of my Deed is as follows in this 
part Viz, "Opposite the mouth of a River or Creek call'd 
Tionaderah which empties into the Said river Susquehanna, 
and thence by a Strait Line to Strike the Delaware [at the] 
Termination of a Line propos'd to be drawn [from Ow]egy 
on Susquehanna Due East to the [River] Delaware, from 
thence to the Mouth [of the Pepach]tun Branch & c " I must 

you will please to order this to be [ 
and it appears to me it may be [ ] from Tionaderah 

Striking the [ ] at the Turn of the River by 

[ ] from Oquaga; which [ ] 

Johnson sent me and I am almost ready for the [ 
Hardenbergh and it appea[ ] clear against them 

by the[ their Survey of the Rivers & the 

Su [ ] have lately taken at the Forks & [ 

when all is compleat I shall ha[ ] with it — I am 

told it will be a [ ] without End — if I find it 

likely to be ] try what old England can do in it 

[ ] I am with great regard 


Your most Ob [ 
humble Serv[ 

Jn° Bradstreet 
Sir W m . Johnson Bar 

42 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall June 26th 1769 
Since the publication in the prints of the Act of Assembly 
for dividing this County most of the principal people through- 
out the Whole Country have expressed their dissatisfaction at 
it both to me & others as Judging I co d . serve them on the 
occasion and requiring advice & a recommendation of another 
County Line, which in my opinion is on every acct preferrable 
to that at first proposed, which they required as their Situation 
is So remote & that there is not a Representation in the Assem- 
bly adequate to the Extent of the County and Numbers of its 
Inhabitants & so that it may reasonably be supposed that the few 
Members we have, either thro' Want of Abilities or partiality to 
persons, & places may sometimes pay Less regard than they 
ought to the real Interests of the upper Country. The In- 
habitants have accordingly prepared a Petition which is now 
sent down stating th[ ] more favorable Line, 

the reasonable [ ] Evident to me that I cannot 

avoid taking [the liberty] of recommending it to your Excel- 
lency [ ] & earnestly requesting your Approbation 
of [ ] reason to hope for because I can with Truth 
Assure you that it will highly [ ] principal In- 
habitants of these parts. 

I have farther to Mention to you that I [ ] some 

person at N York has applied for the Land [ ] the 

Conajohare Ind s . adjoyning Col Vaughans [ 
which if true must create great uneasiness [ ] them 

as they reserved it purposely for their own use [ ] 

dare say that my reminding you of it will be Sufficient to] 
prevent it. 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. In matter crossed out, complaint is 
made that Johnson was not informed early of the act in question in view 
of his position and relation to the people in his part of the colony. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 43 

M r . Cuzzans & the other West India [Gentlemen] presented 
your Letter Yesterday, and have Just Left [ | would 

have given me pleasure to have had an opportunity] of Shew- 
ing them more Civility, and I shall allways [ 
Chearfully offer my services to any Gentlemen [who have (?) 
your] Recommendation — The present State of Affairs 
] me to think that a Visit to the Six Nations 
mig[ ] of Some Use & shall therefore Set out in a 

d[ay or two] and maybe absent 5 or 6 Weeks 1 during which 
[CoR] Johnson will receive your Commands on any [ 


Johnson hall June 26 lh . 1769 
[I] Wrote you lately on the Subject of the proposed New 
[Co]unty, which was extremely inconvenient & disagreable to 
the people who have prepared a petition wherein they have 
stated the Matter & requested another Line which I am certain 
is the best on every account, — The Inhabitants were at a Loss 
how to transmit it so as it might be properly Laid before the 
House as apprehending that the Members here, & some people 
at Albany are perhaps the only persons who would disapprove 
of it, I have therefore taken the Liberty of inclosing it to you, 
requesting on their behalf that you will Cause it to be Laid 
before the House the next opportunity, at the same time begging 
the [fav]or of your Interest to its being past into a Law [and] 
that you will be so obliging as to offer my kind [com]pliments 
to your Uncle 3 & request his Interest with the [Council], to the 
like purpose — 

Allow me to Assure you that I would not think of [ 
this trouble but that it is for the interest of all [the inhabitants 

'See LXXXI. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

3 Oliver De Lancey, member of the Council, 1760—1776. 

44 Sir William Johnson Papers 

who are unanimous in their opinion and occasion, 

and I persuade myself that my own [recom]mendation founded 
on the reasonableness of [ will not] a little contribute to 

obtain your friendship [ ] advantage & Satisfac- 

tion of the Inhabitants [ the Indian] Country for a few 

Weeks to settle some matters with [the Six Nations. Col°. John- 
son will receive your] Commands in My Absence, I beg to 

[ ] 

I am 

Always Dear Sir 


A. L. S. 

[New York, June 26, 1769] 

[ ] 

] three Weeks Journey I have be[ ] 

h]onerd with Your Favour of the 8 Instant, 
which my [ ] Phyn, the Contents of which I 

have observed & Am [ that you] will not be able to come 
down this Way by Reason of [ ] which will [take 

you] another Way — I think it cruel hard that [with all the] 
Trouble you have had in Life you must Still be obliged to 
make [ & with it every other Enjoyment, whilst 

others who have not done [ ] Service for their Coun- 

try must Sitt down & enjoy their Ease and [ ] not be 

impertinent but I confess I cant help thinking, You ought [to 
make your heal]th an Object of your Care as well as the Bono 
publico, but I begg Pardon [It is more to be wi]shed than 
expected that a few more of the Kings Servants were of [ 

[A] Business I have resolved to leave for the Present, is the 
Importation & [sale of goods. 1 ] Continuation of which, as farr 

1 In 1 768 John Wetherhead was described as an "Importer; Store near 
the Bowling Green, in the Broadway," New York Journal and New- 
York Mercury. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 45 

as I can observe, only involves a Man in [ the 

Distresses of the Country are really So grim that I cannot get 
] Body, either for Goods, Interest of Bonds or 
House Rent — Save only [ ] come under this 

Predicament — but your Payments are always [ 
person I ever dealt with permite me Sir to assure you that I Shall 
] e in doing Business for you — You wrote for 
your Account Some time [ ]e & you paid me every 

Shilling & I do not know that you are now [ ] thing, 

at most it can but be a Trifle — I will Send the Pork by 
[Sw]its for Albany, am only Sorry I was not at home to have 
Sent it [on receipt] of your Letter [Mrs. Wetherhead is] much 
obliged to you Sir for your kind Remembrance of Her [ 
her] Respects to You, we both wish you all the Happiness you 
Can [ ] with the utmost Sincerity & Truth 

] most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
[ ] till 

[ ] Cure 


The Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: N york 26 th . June 1769 
M r . Wetherheads letter 


A. L. S. 

New London June 28 lh . 1769 

I was in hopes when I wrote you [ ] have had the 

happiness of paying my [resp]ects to you at Johnson Hall by 

this time [but] having some Bussiness to do here with my 

[friend] M r Beverley Robinson who I Every day [expec]ted I 

46 Sir William Johnson Papers 

have been detained Very much against [my i]nclynation — if 
he does not Come within [ ] five or six days I propose 

waiting no longer [ ] directly to set out for your House 

I Cannot inform you how much [ ] my Little 

woman have been and are still [ Jed at hearing of 

your 111 state of health [ ] Grant your disorder may 

by this time be [ ] Removed and that you may 

have perfectly [ ]ed your former good health and 

Constitution [M r Wetjherhead wrote me some weeks ago that 
you to the sea shore in the Jerseys and that he 

] write me the particulars by the Next post 
] I have not had a single Line from [ 
I hear anything from you that I Can depend upon which greatly 
incre[ases ] for your health and inestimable Life [ 

| Great Jehovah preserve and long Contfinue 
Happiness and Blessing to mankind — 

By the papers which I C[ ] inclose you will be 

informed of the Bo[ston(?) ] I acquainted you that Num- 

bers of the Connecticut] people were gone under the Direction 
of [Major Durkee] to Wioming — We have nothing Partic- 
ular from] them lately — Col° Dyer & one Major [ 
of Windam — with a Grand Retinue set [ ] three 

weeks ago for Wioming from W[indham?] are to go to Easton 
— and Even to phil a [ ] the Right of this Colony 

and the Susquha[ ] to the Lands Claimed by Virtue of 

the C[harter granted] to the Colony of Connecticut and the 
p[urchase] made by Lydias of the Lands at Alb [any. ] I 
wish much to know what the Eve[nt will] be one thing is 
pretty sure that [Governor Pitkin ?] will secure what money 
th [ ] for this Expedition — [ ] 

say all the Kings ships are order'd from [ ] Hallyfax 

also two of the Regiments — [ ] another is to pro- 

ceed to New York and the 4 th [ ] Quartered at the 

Castle 1 — and that three [of] the Commissi 2 are order'd to 

1 Castle William, Boston, Mass. 
- Commissioners of customs. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 47 

England as well as [Governor] Bernard — M rs Chew presents 
her best [com]pliments and most fervent wishes for your health 
[an]d I Can truly Say nothing on this Earth Could give me so 
much satisfaction; and that I am with [the] greatest Respect 

Dear sir 

Your most Obed* & 

most Hble serv 1 . 

Jos Chew 
[ ] Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 



New york 29 June 1769 
[John] Wetherhead 

Bo 1 , of Watson & Murray 
[ ] Barrels Pork 95/ £19. .0. .0 

Paid Carting 1 



A. L. S. 
[Michilimackinac, June 29, 1769] 

] letter from M r Hay wherein [ 

]n order he desired I would Acquaint him 
[ Jon and Intentions of the Indians in this 

[country] Accordingly I have Rote to him — 

[ ]ny Reports and I belive there has been 

Inte[ ] disturbances, but I belive 

at present is Chiefly Qu[ieted ] the potewattamas is the 

principle from whome [ ] bad News and I belive it is \ 

Chiefly Occationed [by pe]ople Inhabiting at S l . Josephs no 
English Trader ] to Come in their Contry the 

Monomonies at the [Baye] killed a french Trader and the 

48 Sir William Johnson Papers 

(peons) 1 has wounded [ ]men one of the offenders 

has been Brought in [and after a confinement of a few d[ays 
he] was Realeas'd, it is I thi[nk necess]ary an Example was 
made of some of the [ ] from being Guilty of the 

same, if no [ ] for traders to go Amoungst 

them the Indians [ Lake Sujperiour, Which is my 

quarter are all [ ] warr with the Sews which 

is as Strong [ detrimental to Trade is Genr 1 . and 

as no [ ] Goverment it is out of my power To 

M r . Roberts] has Informed me of my being 
[Discharged out of your Imploy] since the 25 of march Last.) 
which you [ ] honour me with, wherein I have 

done [ en]deavours for the Good of the Service 

] Endavours Shant be wanting [ 
have done, the Governing [ 

[ ] 

you my most Grateful Thanks [ ] from you 

Always thinking my self [ ] so that I may Merrit 

your [ ] 

most Humble [ 

mos[ ] 

[ ] William Johnson 

speech of henry bostwick et al. to the indians 

[Michilimackinac, June 30, 1769] 

] spoke to the Indians on the [copper mine] 
of Lake Superior in the following Manner 

Brothers we have called you together to let [you] know that 
M r . Bostwick have been to England, with some of the Copper 
that was taken in your Country when he was there and that we 
Intend comming into your Country after some of it, if we find 
enought of it upon Examination, we shall work the Mine 

We thought proper to acquaint you [of] it that you may not 

1 Puans. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 49 

be surprised if you [sh]ou'd see Men in your Country for that 
purpose — 

We give you this Belt in tooken of [ ] Freindship which 

we beg you will shew [to a] 11 the Cheifs Absent, acquainting 
them [with our] Intentions, hopeing you will behave kindly 
] People, and if any of you or your Young 
[Men sho]u'd discover any otheir Mines that [we are not] as 
yet acquainted with, you will [ ] of it 

We beg you woud know your [ ] 

Henry Bostwick, John Chinn, Caddot & Henry +- 

Answer of the Indians 
] to a Belt given them 
[We thank] you my Brothers for what We hear [from 
da]y to Day, and are very glad to hear [that] you Intend 
comming or sending into [our] Country, we thank you that you 
let Us know of your Comming, 

You know we have already told you our thoughts, that you 
are Masters to Work when and where you please in our Country 
and now we the Cheifs and young Men present, as well for our 
Cheifs and young Men absent, Receives this Belt you give Us 
in the name of our Nation with a great deal of pleasure [we] 
assure you, that the Road you make will be [alw]ays open & 
Clear, for your Men Canoes and [where] soever you think 
proper to send 

In Case we shoud discover any other Mine [ ]ever 

we will let you know of it 

Names of the Cheifs 



Osawm Andepay 


O Geek 

Ondeh Weas 

Osick Ottaynay gow 


50 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. D. S. 

[St Marys, July 3, 1769] 

[ ] at Ten Days After Sight this my [first] Bill 

of Exchange the Second of the [same] Tenor and Date not 
Being paid [ ] please to pay To M r . Francis Caso 

or his Order the Sum of Eighty pounds three Shillings New 
york Currencey Being for the Amount of my pay from the 
Twenty fourth of Sept r . 1 767 To the Twenty fourth of march 
— 1 768 & You 1 . Oblige 

sir Your Most Humble 

Most Obedient Serv 1 . 


[Sir] William Johnson 
[Bar]*, at 

Johnson Hall 

A. D. S. 

[St Marys] 3 July 1769 

At Ten Days After Sight this [my] first of Exchange the 
Second of Same Tenor & date Not Being paid please to pay 
To M r . Francis Caso or his order the Sum of one hundred 
fifty Six pounds Eight Shillings and Ten pence New york Cur- 
rencey Being for the Amount of my pay from the 24 of march 
1 768 To the Twenty fourth of march 1 769 with or without 
Advise from Sir 

Your Most Obedient Humble 

serv 1 . 


Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 51 

Sir William Johnson 

Johnsons Hall 
Rec d . 26 th . Ocf. 1 769 of S r . Will Johnson Barr 1 . two Hun- 
dred Eighteen Pounds Eight Shilk on Acc lt . of the above Bill 
& another [of] same date for Eighty Pounds three shilk Eigh- 
teen Pounds [three shilk] & ten pence being first deducted from 
them, overcharg'd [ ] 

Jn°. Watts 

A. L. 5. 

St Marys 3 July 1769 
I have Taken the Liberty of drawing on You in favour of 
M r . Casew Mercht. of Montreal for the Amount of my Pay in 
Two [ ] Bills, the first According to your orders 

in your Letter which you honoure'd me with to Draw on you 
from the 24 of Sep r . 1 767 To the 24 of march 1 768, which is 
£80 . . 3 . . York CX Likewise I have Drawn on you for my pay 
from the 24 of March 1768 To the 24 of march 1769 
which is £156. .8. .10 York Cu>\ as m r . Roberts Accquainted 
me of my Being Discharged out of your Imploy wherein [you] 
honoured me with Since the 24 th of March Last, as I am under 
a Nessesety [of] making payments at presint. & not [being] 
Able on Account of the many presents [which I was] under A 
Nessesety of making [to the] Indians for the Good of the 
Service, [ ] Honour the Above & You'. [ 

with due Respect your 

Humble Serv* 



The Honble Sir William Johnston 

Johnston hall. 

52 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady 5 th July 1769 
Bad Passages & the little Business which I had to [ 
in New York detain'd me something longer than I | ] 'd. 

I only returned here y e 3 d Ins'. & brought £3033:1 1 :3 [from] 
M r . Newton which I shall deliver in what ever manner [you 
ma]y direct. Yesterday Morning I forwarded for you [and 
Col .] Clause two Letters from M r . Wetherhead & Newton 
and at [the same] time inform'd him that I had your Money & 
half [ ]c*. for his jaunt to Canada, which I fear'd had 

been [ ] untill my arrival 

There is no news which I can write you of I therefore [am 
only] to wish you health happiness & a safe return to [John- 
son] Hall — I have the honour to be with all [ 
respect Sir 

your most Obed* & much Obliged 
Hum e Servant 

James Phyn 


] Johnson Bar 1 


: To 


Honorable Sir William 
Baronet at 

Lake Onida 






21 st . from the 

Seneca Country 

A. L. 5. 

[Schenectady July 5, 1769] 
this Opportunity of Jacob Bestedo & Wil- 
liam M c Gee [ ] Send you Six Caskes Gun powder 
& 2 of Biscakes | | which I hope may Arrive in time 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 53 

to Answer your purpose, I have Allowed the Battoe Men 
£2. .8. .0 [for] their truble for the Carrige up Inclosed is the 
Amount [of] the Whole £ which is to your debit. 

We have no News here worth mentioning — nor do I belive 
there is any in New York | ] I have had letters — the 29 th 

Uto from there which Says [nothi]ng about News — 

We have had 4 or five days the [hottest weather 7] that I 
have Ever Seen in america. I dare [say that you] have had 
your Share of it — the last [ ] heard from your 

Friends in the Mohawkes [ ] all well, M r Seberry 

the Clergy [man who] was intended for your Church gave 

] Sermon last Tuseday, greatly to [ 
those who heard him. he is [ ] Wednesday — 

[ ] 

sir most [ 
Your mo[ 
Daniel Cam[pbell] 
Sir William Johnson 


A. L. S. 

[Ontario, July 8, 1769] 

[ ] this moment receiv'd your [ ] 

Stevenson and send you the provision [ ] to the in- 

closed which I beg you'll [ s]end me back sign'd and 

I also beg [you will] settle with the General. I have [alrea]dy 
given too much provision [to In]dians about this place, which 
[perh]aps the General will take amiss [as he] is not acquainted 
with their [distrejss't Situation the boat being [in muc]h hurry 
prevents me from [ ]ing you fuller 

I am Sir your most 

Obe 1 & most 

Humb: Serv*. 

Allan Grant 

54 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Boston July 8 th : 1769 
Respectful Sir, 

As I am now speedily to embark for Great Britain, and as I 
once had the honor — the great honor — of being preferred 
by you, when under your Command, from a Cap 1 : Lieu 1 : to a 
Lieut 1 : Colonel, at the Battle with General Dieskau 2 — you still 
remember me ; and if I deserved that preferment, that you would 
give me a letter recommendatory to some one or more of your 
freinds in Great Britain, which will add to your repeated favors 
conferr'd on him, who is with the highest respect and Esteem, 

Your dutiful & Obed': Serv 1 . 

Jon\ Hoar 
N. B. if you should think 
proper to take notice of it. — 

At the conclusion of the last war, I was the oldest Colonel in 
the Massachusetts service. — 
S r : W M : Johnson Bart 1 : 


Sir William Johnson Bar': 

^ favor of the 
Hon e : Secretary 
iver 3 


at New York or elsewhere 

INDORSED: 4 Boston July 8 th . 1769 
Co 1 . John Hoars letter 

1 In the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

2 See supra 11:284-85. 

3 Andrew Oliver, later Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. 

4 In Johnson's hand, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 55 

Copy 1 

Detroit, July 11 th . 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

I did myself the honor to write to you last February by an 
Indian express that Mr. Hay sent from this which I hope you 
rec'd. We have nothing new here — The savages are very 
quiet but I really believe they had had intentions last spring 
but the French taking the alarm put a stop to their bad designs 
if they had any. Mrs. M c Dougall was acquainted that they 
had something extraordinary bad in their discourse by the same 
Indian that informed her before the last Indian war which I 
gave information of to Capt. Trumbull. Although that per- 
son never received the smallest recompense for the early intelli- 
gence we received, which I am certain, never was properly 
represented to you, which you know well there is a great danger 
amongst them in divulging their secrets, therefore, that person 
declares that we never shall have any more of his intelligence 
for the future as all she got last winter was a loaf of bread. 
But I do not despair of getting the first intelligence by that very 
person as she has a very great regard for Mrs. M c Dougall. I 
gave her a small present out of my pocket as she got nothing 
from those that had a right to give her, but I believe they were 
angry that she gave me the intelligence first & not them which 
will be always the case with people that are jealous of their 
authority. There shall very little happen here that I will not 
know of & shall acquaint you by the first opportunity. I rec'd 
a letter two days ago from Michilimackinac acquainting me that 
the Savages there are very saucy both in talk & behavior, but it 
is supposed they will do nothing. These nine years that I have 
lived here I never saw the Savages better disposed than at 
present. With a very little care & a trifle of presents they might 
be kept entirely in our interest. But my opinion is, that nothing 
should be taken from them except a very little mite, for when 

1 (n Library of Congress, Force Transcripts. 

56 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they give presents they expect double or treble the value & if 
they do not git it, they go away discontented. The time that 
Col. Campbell commanded here was ordered to give little or no 
presents to the Indians & for that reason he would receive none 
from them, which they say to this day, he was the only disin- 
terested chief ever the English had here. Far from seeking um- 
brage at his refusing their presents they have an esteem for his 
Memory. I had a letter from London this spring from one of 
the committee for the mines on Lake Superior which he informs 
me that they expect the deed to be got early in the Spring & 
that there was a share left open for Col. Croghan if he chose to 
be concerned with them & also the letter that I had from 
Michilimackinac informs me that the further discoveries they 
have made last fall & spring gives us the greatest encouragement 
possible. Col. Glasier 1 says he never saw nor heard of such 
mines, both for the richness of the ore & number of mines. I 
have got a deed of the Island from the Ottowa Nation & their 
liberty to people & cultivate it on which the commandment 2 gave 
me possession in May last. Ever since I have been building a 
house & barn & clearing land for sowing grain in the fall & hope 
in a short time to be able to serve the garrison which is no small 
mortification to Col. Bradstreet's people here, as they are the 
only imprudent French in this settlement./ Before the Gen 1 , had 
wrote to Capt. Turnbull of my having the command of the 
militia here Capt. Turnbull had appointed me Lieut. Col. com- 
mandant of them in May last when he was informed of their 
bad intentions. When you have a leisure moment, I should be 
very happy to be honored with a line from you. 


your most obedient humble serv't, 

George M c . Dougall. 3 
To the Hon. Sir WlLLIAM JOHNSON, Baronet — 

1 Captain Beamsly Glasier. 

2 Commandant? 

3 Lieutenant in the 60th regiment, Royal Americans. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 57 

A. L. S. 

July 11 1769 

[Whately's] pamphlet, s r William, makes [ ]y 

great Noise, the Americans say [that W]hately is a sophist and 
deals not [can]didly with them whilst the prerogative [peo]ple 
say His state of y e Controversy is un[an]swerable. I believe 
M r Dickenson [of] Philadelphia will anatomize it. 

The pacquet is not yet arrived. We expect [th]e Rocking- 
ham Squadron of old whiggs will put the present tory adminis- 
tration [to] the Rout and many think it is already [do]ne. Be 
that as it may, if the Duty acts [are] to be repealed that sett will 
allow none [but] themselves to be the actors of a measure 
[which] will render them very gracious to the [merca]ntill & 
Manufacturing Interest in England [and] to All the Colonies 
upon this Continent. [As no] more matter of Amusement 
arises I humbly [kiss your?] Hands and remain, Sir William 

Your most faithfull & 

obliged Servant 

Ja Rivington 

1 quantity of most 
] ish Claret, the General's 
roar of its approbrobation. 
] I sell it for 48 s $ Doz. 
be]st Bottled porter I likewise 
] Doz. 


S W m Johnson Bar f . 

Johnson Hall 


[ ] Letter 

58 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

Niagara the 14 th . July 1769 


the Bearer I believe I have no occasion to Recommend to 
you as you must Know him Better then I can, but this two 
years that I have Been at this Post always found him a Good 
man Esteem'd by all the Gentlemen of the Garrision, he is now 
going to meet you with law, I am Sorry we are So onlucky as 
not to have the Pleasure of your Company at this Place as it 
would make us all Happy all the news that I can Inform you of, 
is that there is a letter Come this week to this Post from Captain 
turnbull who informs us that the Indians has Deliverd him two 
Indians Prisiones for the murder of Some white People which 
Remains with him tell he hears from the Commander in Chefe 
I have no oppertunity at Present to acquaint his Excellency of 
it. I had like to forget Bum who I made Cry at Ontario Sing- 
ing Some Fresh Songs to him. 

I am with Compliments to Cap". Claues M r . Johnstone and 
the Ladys tho have not the Hon r . of Knowing them 

Sir Y r . most obedient Serv 1 . 

William Lee 
Cap". L f . of artillery 

Niagra 14 th . July 1769 
Cap*. Lees Letter 
Ans rd . 



Sir William Johnstone 

1 In Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 59 

A. L. S. 

[Caughnawaga, July 14, 1769] 
The Bearer of this M r Steel have sent up with the Provis- 
sions and Goods M r : Adems and I have Bought to Trade with 
the five Nations of Indians, if its agreeable to you should be 
glad you would let Ber d : Wemp return with him as he is better 
acquainted with the Indians and their Language then any of the 
rest of the me 1 he has now with him, you may have any of his 
hands in Wemps stead you please to take, I would have come 
up with those things my self, but it Just happens to be in the 
Middle of [hay] Harvest and some other affairs which requires 
[my] attendance here, and m r . Adem's Building and [pota]sh 
goeing on also prevents his goeing up, however [ ] 

in hopes M r : Steel with Ber d : or Hendrick Wemp [will] make 
out very well, 

You'l please to give them such [directions and advice as 
you shall thinck best which [you may] depend shall be punctu- 
ally observed by them, [ ] Rum along but for their 
own use according to ] no News worth Com- 
municating, only the [play actors have ar] rived at Albany 
from New York to act there 

My] Comp ts : to you and the rest of the Gentlemen and am 
Hon d . Sir 

Your most Obg d . & Most Hu e Serv* 
t i i a.u i ncr\ JELLES FONDA 

indorsed: July 14 ,h . 1/69 J 

Major Fondas letter 


A. L. S. 

New York July the 16 th 1769 
I had the pleasure of your Letters of the 14 th & [26 th ult] 
which would have been answered sooner, had not some [ 

1 For "men" apparently. 

60 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[pitifull ?] Circumstances in my Family rendered me unfit for 
Business [and pr] evented my writing to you by the last Post. 
Upon Reading the Bill for Dividing the County of [Albany] 
in the Committee of the whole House, I objected to it, as I 
recall [ ] from my own knowledge of the Western 

Parts of it, that the Settlements [ ] new County 

were not of sufficient Consequence to require a [division] for 
that purpose, if the Easterly Bounds of it were to be fixed [so 
far] above Schenectady as the Mouth of Aries Kill and there- 
fore [I] Voted for Printing the Bill before the House passed 
it to afford [the] Inhabitants of the County time sufficient to 
make their [object] ions to the Bill in the present form, as I was 
suspicious that there [were] private Purposes intended by it 
when I saw some persons so[ ] push the Bill through 

the House; the Division Line between [ | and Albany 

has already been petitioned against by Persons whose [ ] 11 

be considerably Effected by it and the Objections You have 
] sufficiently convince me of the Impropriety of 
the Division proposed [ ] and will I imagine have 

great weight with the House and [ ] to Adopt one 

of the Divisions mentioned in the Petition 1 [ ] pro- 

vided a Law for Dividing the County should repatch [ 

remains a Doubt with me, as the Members of 
the [eastern counties] will hardly assent to a Bill for that 
purpose unless a ] and that hereafter the Mem- 

bers of Rensalaerwick and [Livingston are] chosen by the old 
County and the other two by the new [ ] jealous of 

the Increase of Members for the Northern Parts of the Province, 
this I well know from some [ ] had with many of 

them on that Subject last sessions [ ] House I be- 

lieve the Bill will never make its way through 
I dare say You as most would have no Objections to put a 
I doubt whether any Governor would give his 

1 See Johnson to Colden, October 4, 1 769 in Doc. Hist. N. Y ., 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 61 

Assent to that [ ] Bill, as it might be esteemed 

interfering with the Prerogativ[e of the King] who has granted 
those Manors that privilidge 1 tho a thing [unknown under] the 
English Constitution and practised in no one place but the 
[Colony of] New York, our present Governor appears to me 
so much influenced by] that party that I dont think he will 
pass any Bill with that [ 

I am Opinion that it would be best to [leave the] Township 
of Schenectady in the old County, as they might [otherwise] 
Petition against the Bill without their Town should be made 
the [seat] of the new County which could not be done without 
great Inconfvenience] to most of the Inhabitants their present 
Member 2 seems [either from] want of knowledge or Proper 
Instructions to be intirely und[er the] Direction of a Certain 
Party with whom he always Voted an[ ] Question 

for Postponing and Printing the Division Bill, a 
to him might be of Use. 

I shall take Care to lay the [petition before] the House at 
their first Meeting and endeavour to have [one of the] Divisions 
proposed in it Carried into Execution, if a Bill [ 
Purpose, tho Must frankly own to You that Most [ 
the Clause about the two Manors and try if we cant [ 

I am Dear Sir 

with great Estee[m] 
Your most Ob [ 

James [De Lancey] 
Sir W m . Johnson 


The Hon ble Sir William John Bar 1 


Johnson hall 

1 Of representation in the Assembly. 

2 Jacobus Mynderse. 

62 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5. 

New York 19 July 1769 

Deprivd of your Agreable Favours The Present Serves 
| to Acquaint you that this Day has been presented 
to me [ ] Bill "& £100 drawn upon You payable 

at my House for M r Roberts, which I have refused the Accept- 
ance of till I can hear from you & Obtain your Approbation — 
This is the Bill I mentioned to you the latter End of May last, 
but not having Since had the pleasure of hearing from you, 
imagine you was Sett Out on your Journey to Niagara before 
that Letter reached you — I shall be much obligd to you Sir if 
you will be So Kind as give me your Directions about this Draft 
as Soon as possible, because the Gentleman to whom it is made 
pay ble . keeps it at my Request, Until your Resolution Shall 
be known I flatter myself your Journey has been of the greatest 
Service [to your] Health which will give me very great pleasure 
to be informed of & Any Commands you Shall please to lay 
upon me will be faithfully complyd with by 

Sir Your most Obed' Servant 

John Wetherhead 
[ ] William Johnson B' 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 
^ Capt Pemberton 


A. L. S. 

[Phila July] 20* % 1769 
A very disagreeable affair has lately happened [at the 
Sujsquehanna which it is proper to communicate to [you as 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 63 

Sujperintendant of Indian affairs. A Young fellow [the son] 
of Seneca George has been lately killed by [some bad] and 
wicked person He was in an open Bark Cabbin with some 
other Indians on the bank of the River when [some] persons in 
a canoe were passing by, as the Indians [su]pposed (by a large 
fire of pine knotts they had in the Canoe) with a design to hunt 
or fish. They saw the man in the Stern present his Gun towards 
the Canoe 1 and fire and this poor young fellow was shot thro 
the body and never spoke. The Indians then told the People 
in the Canoe they had killed one of them upon which [they 
threw their fire over board and made down the [river] This is 
the fact as related by the Indians. They [wen]t to Col° 
Francis who was then not far from [Sham]oken and informed 
him of the fact and described [the c]anoe and the People and 
told him they should know [ ] ain and could find 

them out. He went with [them to] the house of one Casper 
Reed a dutchman on [ ]de where they found the Canoe 

and the [Indians fixed] upon Peter Reed Brother of Casper as 
the [ who] fired the Gun upon which Francis seized 

] him down to Lancaster Gaol [ he will] be 
brought here if he is not rescued [ ]hich was com- 

mitted about three [ ] Miles below Shamokin. M r 

Francis [ ] 

very discreetly upon the Occasion [ ] to Old 

Seneca George who is at Chenango [ ] the 

Unhappy affair And that he was going [ 
Murderer, and to inform the Governor of the mu[rder, at the 
same] time desiring the Old man to meet him at [Lancaster at 
the same] time next month where he should receive a [present 
(?) from] the Governor upon the Occasion. The Governor 
[being then] out of Town, the President and the rest of the 
Council ] to communicate this matter to you re- 

questing of you to represent it in the most 

favorable light to ] and the rest of the Indians. A 

1 Cabin. 

64 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Present of Condol [ence of] 50 £ value is ordered to be given 
and will be wa[iting at] Shamokin for him when he arrives 
Perhaps it m[ay not be] proper that this matter should be known 
as it may [ ] more Indians to accompany him than 

otherwise woud [ ] Increase of the Expence of 

entertaining them there. [ ] The person accused 

denys the fact and undertakes [ his being elsewhere 

on the night of the accident, [ ] unhappily circum- 

stanced that there is none but [Indian ] which will not be allowed 
(unless they have b[ ] which may therefore be more 

likely to disturb the [ ] as this is a matter of the 

utmost Consequence [ the Settlement of our New 

purchase I am a[ssured you will do] every thing in your power 
to quiet the [ ] by representing this matter to them 

] villain and not of the Country; Tho [ 
Rescues succeed arrests and a [ know the accused 

to be guilty [ rea]son to apprehend a bad [ 

New England trespassers have been] indicted for forcible pos- 
session of our [territory] with their other Embarrassments has 
so alarmed [ ] the Great Col°. Dyre and 

M r Elderkin have engaged [ ] their Interest with 

the company to abandon the settle [ment] and submit the dis- 
pute to y e Crown. 

[I ha]ve heard of some of your tenants coming down [to th]e 
Susquehanna in order to take up some of our Lands. [And] as 
such a matter may prove injurious to your [in]terest, I should 
with great pleasure use any means in my power which you will 
please to suggest, to discourage any such attempt, being well 
satisfyed that it is [a] very improper Consequence of a purchase 
negotiated [by] you with so much pains as you took about it. 

I am 
Y r Most Obedient Servant 

James Tilghman 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 65 

[As soon] as the Governor comes to Town he will write you 
] appointing some Indians to see the line run from 
[the Susquejhanna to Kittaning which is the only place where 
[it is pro]bable our people may make encroachments yet 
[ ] for want of knowing the line 

A. L. S. 1 

New York July 23'. 1769 
Dear Sir, 

What you relate in your Favor of the 24 th . Ultimo concern- 
ing Mons r . Vercheres has been transmitted to General Carleton, 
and I hope he will do every thing in his Power to punish him 
for his Treachery which will give a Check to the Secret Intrigues 
of the Canadians to excite the Savages to Mischief. 

In my Dispatches by the last Packet I have received Copys 
of Lord Hillsborough's Letters to M r : Steuart and you and find 
by the Orders to M r : Steuart, that he is to fix New Boundarys 
to the Province of Virginia, and that they are to terminate at 
the Confluence of the Kanhwa and Ohio Rivers. The King 
will not suffer any Grants or Cessions below the Kanahwa, and 
as that is the Case, the Sooner the Lands ceded by the Treaty of 
Fort Stanwix below the Kanahwa are restored to the Six Nations 
the better, that all Pretences for seizing those Lands may be 
removed. The Virginians supported their Claim partly by 
virtue of the Cession made at the Treaty, and therefore the 
greater Reason there is to rectify the Treaty in that respect. 

The King was not pleased with that part of the Treaty at the 
Beginning, and very much disapproves of other Articles which 
except out of the Cession certain Grants of Land to private 
People. You will see that the King will not now confirm those 
Reservations and I think we may assure ourselves when Com- 

In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

66 Sir William Johnson Papers 

plaints get home, of the immense Tracts acquired by private 
Compacts with the Indians, some of which extend over the 
Property of many People and that these Tracts are also ac- 
quired in direct Opposition to the Regulations and Laws of 
Government, that the King will absolutely and totaly reject the 
Exceptions Mentioned in the Treaty. I think it is Necessary 
and a Mark of Friendship I owe you to give you this Informa- 
tion and to tell you likewise, that there is an Outcry here about 
those Grants by People whose Property is invaded, and it's said 
that Litigations are already beginning. There is also a Letter 
intercepted to the Southward which I believe went home two 
Months ago and again lately Making a Discovery of Designs 
to get Lands from the Cherokees, in order to except the Same 
out of the Cession to be made to the King, at the ensuing Treaty 
to be held, for Settling the Virginia Line. In the same Man- 
ner, Says the Letter, as was done at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix. 

Considering every thing, I think the Sooner the Articles men- 
tioned are expunged out of the Treaty, the better it will be; 
and the more publickly it is done, the Sooner all Conversation 
about them will drop, for Litigations will then cease, and Peo- 
ple's Minds will be easy. And I should hope that the Indians 
might with very little Difficulty be brought to yield the Grants 
excepted in the Treaty, to the King, in Lieu of the Lands ceded 
below the Kanahwa, which Might be restored to them. This 
Exchange will make all quiet, and the Treaty will be finished 
finaly in the Manner the most agreeable to the King, and answer 
the first Intentions of Government. 

You may perhaps find some Trouble, as it is Natural to 
believe, the Grantees concerned will hold Intrigues and Cabals 
with the Indians, in order to make them averse to this Altera- 
tion in the Treaty; but I hope for many Reasons, you will be 
able to effect it. His Majesty Seems inclined to make a proper 
Compensation to Such of the Grantees who have been real Suf- 
ferers by Indian Depredations, but will not do it as they have 
managed it for themselves. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 67 

I have had So much to write by the Packet which Sails very 
early tomorrow Morning, that I can only Say further I am with 
great truth & Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
P: S: 

I direct this to you instead 

of M r . Guy Johnson, Judgeing from 

the time you proposed to return 

home, that you will be upon the Mohock 

River before this can get there. 

T: G: 
Sir William Johnson Bar': 

indorsed: July 23 d 1769. 

From General Gage. 

A. L. S. 

[N. Yor]k July 24, 1769 

I ]SlR 

]quet and two Ships from Lon[don] were very 
lately arrived here; [his Ex]cellency our Governor has com- 
mu[nica]ted to the Hon b,e Councill the Contents [of a lejtter 
from Lord Hillsborough, intima[ting] the Intentions of Govern- 
ment to [repea]l the Revenue acts on the first meefting] of the 
next session of Parliament, [ ] it seems to be very 

unlikely that [any] thing more of this kind will happen; 

] has too much weaned the affections of the 
[coljonies from the Mother Country. [Wilkjes and his Cause 
are decaying fast, said the bill of Rights asso- 

68 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ciation [has] totally deserted him, and, in short, [that] Col 
Lutterel 1 has been accepted by [the House of] Com 5 in his 
stead, for the Coy of Middlesex, [Wilkes see]ms to have been 
left alone. The [Grenville] family have at last joined the 
Roc[kingha]m Squadron & they preside over [ ]ty, 

which will presently become too [ ] the struggle for 


[The ministry] was glad to hurry thro the last session 
]ious comtemplation upon ameri[can affairs.] 
their places must have been surrendered had not their [ 

] conducted so dextrously as to in [ ] Coun- 

celler Wedderburn, 2 an able [ ] and a North briton, 

has lately from [ ] against Administration changed 

is become a great favorite of the Nat [ion.] 
How easy is it to play with success [upon the] passions of y e 
English people? Wedderburn is a good politician and knows 
the Chfannel ?] that leads to the Exchequer, C. Pleas, K 
[B and] Chancery Courts. 

Permit me Sir William to ask, if you are furnished with the 
English papers, if [not] would it be agreable to you that [they 
should be] sent as regularly as they arrive, t [his I pre]sume to 
mention meerly to express [ ] tion. 

The packet carries with her tomorrow [Col.] Pomeroy, 
Brig r on this Estab sht . one of [the] most amiable Gentlemen we 
ever ha[d, en] passant, also Col Gabbet, Capt n Vinc[ent and] 
M r . Izard who is going to take up a [ ] a bagatelle 

of Twenty thousand s[terling after] a Demise, I belive an 

I presume you have Gains paper [ ] you some- 

thing dated tomorrow relative [to a plan of] the Dissenters, 
concerted again [st the Church] with the occurrances from 

1 Colonel Henry Lawes Luttrell, son of Lord Irnham, after being de- 
feated by John Wilkes by a heavy majority, was seated for Middlesex by 
the House of Commons in 1 769. 

2 Alexander Wedderburn, later Earl of Rosslyn. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 69 

L[ ] that my humble Respects may [be convey] ed 

to Sir John & to Col Guy & Cap 1 [Claus.] 

I am, Sir William 

Your faithfull and most 

obedient Servant 

Jas Rivington 
] City, agitated for a few hours by the behavior 
[of a] simple obstreperous Englishman who thwarted 
measures concerted against Importations, which he 

has cried peccavi, is now in a state [of per] feet Tranquility. 

S r W m Johnson Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 

[Dear] Sir [Boston Ju ^ 24 ' K > 769 

By Cap r . Jarvis who Arrived here this day in seven weeks 

from London. I had the honor of rec§. a Packet under cover 

from M r Franklin w th . directions to be forward'd to You by 

Express, but as the Post was just going out & the season very 

hot, I imagined it best to send to New York by the Post, as We 

have often found when an Express has been sent from hence to 

New York they have not made more then one day diffrance, I 

have inclosed the Packet to James Parker Esq r . at New York 

w lh . directions to forward the same emeadiatly by Express to 

Johnson Hall, I shall be happy of your [ap] probation of my 

Conduct, and have the [ ] to be Yo r Excellencys 

Most Ob'. Hum le . Serv 1 -r it 



Tuthill Hubbard Esq r . 

Letter w* 1 . a packet 

from England — 

70 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

Boston July 25 ih . 1769 
[Sir William Jo]hnson Bar', to Henry Dougan D r . 

To Medicines and attendance on the [differe]nt Tribes of 
Indians at Cumberland Nova Scotia [com]mencing the 13 th . of 
Octob r . 1767 and [end]ing the 6 th . of July 1768, both days 
Inclusive amounting to Eleven pounds two Shillings and [five] 
pence Ster 1 . 

These are to Certify that M r . Henry Dougan attended the 
different Tribes of Indians [from] the 13 th . of Octob r . 1767 to 
the 6 th . of July [ 1 768] both days Inclusive 

William Monsell 

L» 29 Reg«. 


[Extract from] Lieutenant Colonel Wilkins's Account of [ex- 
penses at t] he Ilinois. 

[T]o Cash paid Silver Heels, and one other Six 
Nation Indian, going Express to Fort Pitt in 
a Bill of Exchange £40 

And for Goods delivered D°. Amounting to 20 



D. S. 

Pittsburgh the 25*. July 1769 
[This is to cert]ify that the Bearer Peter a Mohawk Indian 
who came [fro]m Fort Chartres to this place with Silver Heels 
has [had no] other consideration for that Service than a Blanket 

1 Probably written about May 5th, 1 769 at Fort Chartres. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 71 

[leggjins and Britch Clout because there was no more [ ] 

in the Letters they brought but he Alledges that he [should 
receivje as much as Silver Heels who received to the Amo*. 
[of dollars] exclusive of an equal Quantity of Clothing 
[ Jeived Two Blankets a Brass Kettle & Black Silk 

[handkerchief] in lieu of the same kind of things that he threw 
[away with] some letters when pursued by Enemy Indians 

Cha s . Edmonstone Cap 1 . 



A. L. S. 

New London July 26 th . 1769 

Nothing ever has given me more trouble [tha]n my not being 
able to leave this place at the [time] I Expected owing in a 
Very great Measure to [M] r Beverley Robinsons not Coming 
here at the time appointed there being several Affairs of his to 
settle [w]hich Could not be done without me. I Expect him 
[every] moment and will not stay here three days after [he] 
gets to Town — I have been much from home [this] summer in 
order to finish Everything I had to do [in] this Colony and have 
in my Several Journeys [ ] with some of our Best 

Farmers who are determined [to pa]y you a Vissit this fall and 
see some of your [land] being Very much out of Humour with 
both [the so] il and police of this Colony — I [have] order'd 
the papers to be Constantly Sent to you & [ ] you have 

Rec d them Regularly — 

Some Very Ex'ry scenes have taken [place in] this Neigh- 
bourhood which may be [ ] of Very Serious Conse- 
quence and which [I will give] you as Short an Acco' of as is 
in my power — The sloop Liberty Formerly the [property of] 
M r Hancock of Boston (the seizure of which | ] Dis- 
turbances there in June 1 768) now in the Cost 
Service Commanded by one Cap' Reid — lay in 
port & the 16 th . Inst of this Harbour made a [seizure] of a 

72 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Brig e . from Cape France way loaded wi[th sugar ?] and 
Molasses belonging to M r shaw of this Town [and] a sloop 
belonging to one Tinker near the H [arbour?] mouth Loaded 
with Rum Brandy Soap &c w[hich] Cap 1 Reid supposed had 
been taken from on [Board] the Brigantine — With both Ves- 
sells he pro[ceeded] to Newport where on the 19 th . or 20 th 
some S[ ] arose about Cap' Reids Firing into a Boat 

— and [ ] all his men were taken into Custody by the 

] mighty Lords the Nobility — and the sloop [ 
mast bow sprit &c Cut a way her Guns thrown [over] Board & 
the sloop scutled — during th [ ] Tinkers sloop was 

Carryed of and has not b[een] heard of tho' some say she was 
seen of th[ ] day or two afterwards — soon after the 

] Liberty and escape of Tinkers sloop M r sh[aw 
this port with his Brig e . she having [ | goods on Board 

and no persons being | to ma]ke it appear she had broke 

Bulk — where [ ] Remained pritty Eassie untill last 

night [when] the Liberty People assembled in some hundreds 
] several persons before them as informers gave 
[one] 39 Lasshes and order'd him never to appear [aga]in in 
New London Burnt the Collectors Boat & [if] they Could have 
laid their hands upon a person [who] in my Opinion is Very 
Innocent & lately appointed [an] under Officer of the Customs 
here I verily believe [they] would have put him to death — 
I am Very sure I was in a great [mea]sure the means of pre- 
venting their Honnors [from] Waiting upon Doct Moffatt — 
which was [the] only reason of my being out as I was not Very 

] — I have several Letters from London of [ 
Late date which hope to lay before you [ soon — 

M rs Chew presents her most Respectfull [com]pliments as I do 
Every Prayer and good wish for [your] Health and am most 

Dear sir 

Y r most Obed 1 and Most 
Hble serv' 

Jos Chew 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 73 

[ ] this moment 

[ ]& wrote this in 

[ ] been out today 

[ ] 

P S during the Transations I have mentioned] M r Stewart 1 
& his Lady have been at Boston [ ] am Very Glad 

of for by what I over heard [ had m r Stewart 

been in Town he surely would [have] been Brought before the 
intoxicated Multitude [ ] man was taken out of his 

House & Some of h [is ] Broke — is not this fine Government 
] true Liberty — I wish it may End here [ ] 

I very much doubt it — 

A. L. S. 

[Mishilmakinac, July 26, 1769] 
[ ] from M r . Baxter who I dayly expect [to] 

go with me to Lake Superior to vew the [ In]dians have 

left one of their principle Men [to guide us ?] 

We held a Councel the 30th of June last with [ 
Cheifs on the south side of the Lake acquainting [them] we 
purposed to come into their Country, to [ Mines, 

and have Enclosed you their Answer, [ ]11 greatly 

pleased and have promised to give Us [all the assistance they 
possibly can, and have brought [ peices of very 

Rich Copper taken a few Leagues [ ]augan where I 

was — they say that it appears q]uantitys at a Mile 

distance from the Water [ ] the Mountain, and by 

their Accot s [ ] very little Expence, the Indian Acco*. 

are [ ] to be Rely'd on — I shall take great Care that 

| anything that may in the least Displease | 

1 Duncan Stewart, Collector. For additional particulars regarding 
this outbreak, see Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, 

lA Sir William Johnson Papers 

hope by the fall of the Year, to give You [ ] whole, 

and am with the greatest Respect & Esteem 

Your Hbl Serv< 
Henry Bostwick 

ADDRESSED: Sir William Johnston Bar 1 . &c 


Johnston Hall 

A. L. S. 1 

CachneWago 29 th July 1769 
Honred Sir/ 

Acording to Co" Guy Johnson order I send you By the 
Bearer Lawes Cloment 60 Scheppel of your Indian Corn from 
my Fathers and 2 Pacqts of Letters for you — as I heard from 
the Bato Men that Came Down thay you was Scarce in Bread 
I Send you 47 lb of Bisket all I had. if you Should not want 
them then Plese to order them to the Bato men. I have no 
Newes. ould John have Dyed Verry Sudently the other Day we 
are yesterday Begon to Cut our wete and Semes to Be Midlin 
good I here your wete is not Ripe yet so I Remane with my 
Best Complement to Sir Wi m . and the Rest of the Jentelmen 
with you and am Sir your most obedint 

Humbele Serv* 
Jelles Fonda 


the Honerabele 

Sir wiliam Johnson 
in the Sennecas Contry 
or in 
his way Down 

indorsed: July 29 th . 1769 — 
Major Fondas letter 

1 In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 75 


L. S. 

Philadelphia Aug' 1 . 2 d . 1769 
There seems to be a necessity of running [the proprietary 
Line, from the head of the West Branch [of the] Susquehanna, 
to Kittaning some time this Fall, [that the] Surveyors may 
know where to act and the [ ] where to settle in that 

quarter; and as it [ ] proper that some Indians of the 

Six Nations [ ] attend the Survey, I shall be obliged 

to you [if you] will signify to them my intention of having 

] begun about the beginning or middle | 
next, You can best Judge of the number [of Indians] proper to 
be sent on this occasion. [I am in] hopes one from each Nation 
may be sufficient. I] have been at a good deal of ex[pense 
alrea]dy & I would willingly lighten that of running the Line 
as much [ ] and doubt not but you will be so 

k[ind so to] order the matter as that we may not have [an 
unnecessary number of Indians upon our hands. 

I am with Great regard 
Your most obedi[ent] 

humble Servan[t] 

John Penn 
indorsed: [ ] 

concerning the Running 
of the Boundary — 


L. S. 

[Whitehall, August 5, 1769] 
Private — Duplicate 

Major Gorham who is a very Faithfull Servant of the Cro[wn 
and has] suffer'd much in the Service, especially by being dis- 

76 Sir William Johnson Papers 

charged from his Off [ice of] Deputy Agent for Indian Affairs 
in Nova Scotia, has des[ired me] to recommend his Case & 
Interests to your consideration. And I vent[ure] to offer my 
Opinion that He is intitled to some attention; if therefore [you] 
can promote him or continue him in his Office if that be con- 
tinued [I] hope you will think it an act of Justice as well as 
compassion to a really suffering Man. I am glad of this Oc- 
casion to assure you of the Esteem and Regard with which I 
have the honor to be 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

Sir William Johnson Bart. 


A. L. S. 1 

New York August 6 th . 1769 
Dear Sir, 

I hope this will Meet you Safe and well from your Jaunt 
into the Indian Country, where I hope everything has passed 
agreeable to your wishes and Expectations. 

There has been a good deal of Disturbance at the Ilinois, 
several Murthers committed on Indians as well as white People, 
amongst others the famous Pondiac was killed at Kaskaskies or 
rather Kaokia by one of our Friendly Indians, but of what Tribe 
my Correspondent, Lieu'. Colonel Wilkins, does not say, tho' 
from other Passages in his Letter, I suppose it was an Ilinois 

You have inclosed a Speech of Lieu 1 : Colonel Wilkins to the 
Indians of the ouabache of whom he makes great Complaint, as 
also Extracts from his Letters which have any Relation to our 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 77 

late Quarrell with those Indians, whom he supposes to be excited 
to Mischief by the French Settlers at S l Vincent, 1 and possibly 
with good Reason. You will observe also the Treatment the 
Six Nations have received from those Tribes, of which Silver 
heels will no doubt give you and his Country-Men a faithfull 

It Seems very Necessary that Something Should be done to 
keep those Nations in order. You saved them from a Quarrell 
with the Shawnese & Delawares after the Attack made upon 
M r Croghan which has had no very good Effect; for they seem 
more and more inclined to raise Commotions as well with the 
Indians as the White People. You will from your late Excur- 
sion have been well informed of the present Temper and Situa- 
tion of the Several Nations, and will be able to form Some 
Judgement of the Methods most proper to be taken with the 
Nations complained of as our Affairs are circumstanced. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 
Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar': 

INDORSED: New York 6 th . August 
1 769. 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 


A. L. S. 

Augst the 8'A. 1769 
I ] Sir 

yesterday Evening I was Inform d . of your honers Return 
home & hope you and the Gentlemen with you are in Good 

Post Vincent, Vincennes, a village of the Piankashaws. 

78 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Helth, I have had a Voilant fitt of y e . Gout with a hurt in My 
foot w h . has Confin d . Me to My Hutt Sence y e . friday after 
your Honer Sett of on y r . Journay yett am only able to hoble 
about the Room when I Shall be able to Walke or Ride Seems 
very uncertian 

M r . Metcalf is Return d . & has finished the Boundary Line — 
Inclosed I Send your Honer a Leter w h . I had from M r . 
Wharton for y r . perruseal with one from Farrel [Wa]de In- 
closeing Me A Leter for you and ] Leters I have 

had from M r . Hay att [Dejtroit with Some Acounts, w h . he 
had Drawn on Me for M r . Hay Takes No Not [ice 
I Wrote him the 29 th . of Feby last [ ] that to 

Desist from acting as Comisary [ ] Surprises Me 

I Sent the Leter by the [ ] Fort Pitt with Some 

others to Detroit ] have Received answers to My 

other Leters [ ] am Sorry his Should Miscarrey, I 

Wrote h[im] Likewise y e . 2 d . May Last by a boat then [ 
to Detroit which he has Nott Received [ ] Likewise 

unlucky, I will be Glad ] from y r . Honer whether 

those acounts [are to] be paid or No & whether I May Write 
y e . G[entlemen] who has the Drafts to Wate on you with 
as they Seem Impaicent to know how [they are] 
to be paid 

I have A Leter from M r . Baynton w h . [ ] Me 

that the Interpreters & Smiths have [drawn] on Me from Fort 
Chartres for thire [ ] pay from y e . 24 th Sep r . to y e . 

24 th . March [amounting] to £231 :9:6 & am att a Loss whet[ 
y r . honor has been in the Six Nation [coun]try 
I have had Some Leters from Ohio [ ] Some Informa- 

tion from an Indian [fro]m thence all w h . Say that there is a 
Great Number of Senecas & Some Cayugoes gon there this 
Spring Some to Setle amoungst the Dalloway & Some with y e . 
Shannas and that y e . Sinecas there, Shannas & Dallaways has 
had a Councel with y e . Tweetwees Waweattenas Pyankeehy, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 79 

Musquetomeys & x who Live on the Wabauch & 

have agreed that in Case any Diferance Should hapen between 
any of them & any other Nation that the whole Should Rise 
up as on Man and Strike there has been some boats of 
[Morjgans Cutt of on the ohio this Spring [a] Store of his 
plundred att post Vincent [a] White Man Kill d . att Fort pitt 
by a Sineca Indian two More White men Kill d . Neer the 

] kill by Indians, which if True, all [ 
Curcumstances I think foretell a Broyle Neer att hand in that 
quarter [ ] your honer has had beter Intileg[ence 

of] those Maters where you have been — 

Doctor La vine presents his Complement [s to your] Honer I 
had allmost Cure d . him of his | ] with Eating Nothing 

Nothing Butt homany [ ] Drinking the Broath Butt a 

Love Fitt [has] Thrown him Into a Relipss & am Now [ 

]Cartian Nothing Butt a ground Swe[at will] Cure him 
as Soon as I am able to Croyle [out] of this Hutt I will Do 
myself y e . pleshfure of] Wateing on you, and am with Great 

[ ] 

your Honors Most o[ 

and Most Hum[ ] 

Geo: Cro[ghan] 
A Son of Sinica Georges has 
been Kill d . by a White Man 
Near Weoman — 
To the Hon b,e . Sir WlLLIAM JOHNSON Barr*. 

A. L. S. 

[Ontario, Aug. 8, 1769] 




] as possible [ 


]h as all the Indians have don that same in 


| their meeting their Friends on the way | 

1 A space vacant here. 

80 Sir William Johnson Papers 

keggs of rum, for such Drunkeness I never [saw in] all my life, 
and I have had allmost the [whole Six] Nations in lately, I wish 
it was all over [and] their dollars were once out, while they 
have [the tr]aders will let them have rum, at any risk [I am] 
Oblidge to let Indians have a good deal of provision, more] 
than they used to get at this post, and I am affraid the General 
will Blame me for it, I have [given] them some presents besides, 
however if I gett [out of t]he Country with my Scalp on I am 
Satifyed [ ] report of the Traders here saying that 

you [ ]ter Dollars to the Indians there has been no 

such [ ] by any body here, the Traders know very 

[well to] the Contrary they have all made fortunes here 

] intirely owing to the Number of Dollars [ 
the five Nations this Summer, they are much [ 
the Commanding Officer this year [ ] asked the 

Traders here if they were not [ ] I fancy owing in- 

tirely to their getting [ ] Dollars are here now as 

plenty as [ Wemple tells] me his Iron & Steel is allmost 

] and we have had more Indians this [ 
three last years past put [together. ] 

your [ ] 

& most [ ] 

All [an Grant] 
P: S: 

I wish much that the general 
would either repair or Abandon 
this post, I would much rather 
defend a good House than it 
with my present garrison 
Wemple has had his own trouble 
and has done so much new work for the 
Onondagoes this year that I think 
they must carry on a trade with 
some Distant Indians in black Smith work 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 

ADDRESSED: His Majestys Service 

Sir William Johnson Bart. Supper Intend- 
ent of the Northern District of North 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Ontario August 8 th . 1769 
L'. Grants letter 




[Johnson Hall Aug 9, 1769] 
Two] days ago I arrived here from Seneca, in no 
occasioned by a Wound I received in my Leg, re- 
turning [from a visit] to an Indian Chief My Canoe oversat, & 
in getting [bac]k it being in the Night I fell upon a Stake, & 
have [ my] Leg so much that I fear I must deferr 

many [parti] culars till the next Opportunity as I have not been 
[able] as yet to Look over my papers. — Nevertheless I can- 
not [ ] Sending you my best thanks for the friendly 
information [you] gave me in your Letter of the 23 d . ult° on 
which M r Johnson [wro]te you a few Lines and if my Esteem 
for you could admit any addition it must encrease it. At the 
same time I am [happ]y that it is in My power to Clear up 
these matters, & if [occas]ion requires to remove the Mistake 
or Misinformation of [Government which I shall here mention 
as briefly as possible 

The boundary being Judged a Very necessary Measure & 
[orders] received to Settle it, I thought, & so did every body 
[that] the Cession should be as Extensive as possible, & I be- 
lieve [ it is a]lmost Needless to say that the more we got Volun- 
tarily [from them] the Less danger there would be of disputes 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

82 Sir William Johnson Papers 

about [settlements, & the farther they would be removed, The 
back [settlements] particularly of Virginia, I well knew were 
not [prevented from extending their settlements into the Indian 
[country had] the Treaty never taken place, the dangers in 
[which such] procedure must Involve the frontiers, could only 
[be by] purchase of that Country, but this was [ 

claimed in Virtue of an Old purchase 1 under [ 
and the only Objection his Majesty [ ] were founded 

on a Supposition that it [ 

timely Answer from [ ] Crown here 

must in many [ ] perhaps not Strictly con- 

sistent with orders, as [ ] for so doing, and as I 

found that in [truth (?) the Indians] made a point of it before 
I opened the [Congress] and I am certain I could not refuse 
ad [ ] Treaty, or do otherwise than I did with- 

out [ ] sound policy and the true Interests of 

Govern [ment. This is] briefly and truly the State of that 

As to the Grants [ | two Mentioned in the Ces- 

sion or Treaty, fo[ ] for their dwelling places and 

the Clause in[ ] before purchased under the sanc- 

tion & then not p[ ] surely be objected to, at least 

I had no right to [ ] Grants are to M r . Croghan 

& the Traders [As for Croghan's] it was but a Confirmation of 
an old Deed [ ] always understood was well known 

to som[ ] That to the Traders the Government 

was [acquainted] with & approved of, It was an Express 
A[rticle] of peace after the late Indian War, & [ 
far Short of what the Traders expected [His Majesty] can do 
therein according to his Royal [pleasure and will lose] nothing 
by it, as the Quit rents will [ | is Granted. If any 

1 Consult letter from Johnson to Lord Hillsborough, Doc. Hist. N. Y ., 
2 :940-42 ; Q, 2 :544-46 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8 : 1 72-74, 
also same to same, Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:943-48; Q, 2:546-49 and 
Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:1 79-82. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 83 

objection h[as been made to the] Expression 1 I cannot help it, 
It has [ ] softened where they Express their 

[ ] admitted, & must know [ ] 

they are made to Express [ 

[ ] 

[ ] I know my Conduct therein to be [ 

That what I did at that Treaty was [intended] not only for the 
best, but actually was the best that co d . have been done [ 
and where I took such Extraordinary pains both [Night] & 
Day for effecting so difficult & Important a buisness, [I ca]nnot 
but think it hard should the Government omit doing [ju]stice 
to my proceedings, of the propriety of which I think myself a 
Competent Judge, and that I could convince the Crown that I 
could not have done otherwise consistent with its Interest, [and] 
publick Safety. There is one Grant which a Gentleman that 
attended at the Treaty Sollicitted & agreed with the Indians 
about, for another, without my participation & with wch I had 
no Concern whatsoever, neither [hav]e I any with the parties, 
I know that it comprehended part [of] a Patent which It is 
pretty well known the patentees have [no] Just right to, The 
Person for whom it was obtained attended [Sir] H Moore on 
his Last Visit here & then obtained his Sanction [of] the Deed 
& for reasons that will [occur] to you I Scorned to oppose it, 
especially as I knew it was [no] part of my duty the Indians 
having a right previous to the [treat] y to dispose of their Claims 
as they inclined. The [justice] which I am fully persuaded 
you will do to my [ ]ns & Conduct in these matters 

renders it unnecessary [that I a]dd more than that I sho d . 
Imediately employ my [ ] induce the Indians to 

Except out of the Cession [the lands sou]th of Kanhawa, but 
for the following reasons, First that the Secy of [ 
Letter Says that the King will Confirm it as | at Fort] 

Stanwix if I shall be of opinion that insisting [ | tion 

1 The mode of expression employed by Indians in public conferences is 
here signified. 

Sir William Johnson Papers 

will have the effect to Excite Jealousy 

which I already gave [ 

such a Transaction [ 

I referr to your [ 

tion of your kind sentiments upon [ 

Letter herewith inclosed to give you | 

ceedings and remain with Cordial 


] Necessary for 

These Matters 

] Communica- 

] in the 

] late pro- 


D r Sir 


[Johnson Hall Aug. 9, 1769] 
[In my] Letter of this date I answered as briefly as [I could 
the matter] contained in your kind favor of the 23 d . ult°. [I 
will] now as Briefly describe my proceedings on the tour [of the 
Sen]eca Country from whence I am just returned, only Just 
[ ] the Heads as taken from my Journal, which is not 

yet [complete] d. 

After many delays on the Road & Rivers & Conferences 
with [the] Conajoharees & Oneidas I arrived at Onondaga the 
10 th . July where were assembled the Whole of that Nation 
with sev ! . others, [to] whom I gave some Indian Corn, of which 
they were in the greatest [wa]nt with Ammunition & a few other 
Necessarys which they most Wanted, This done, They ad- 
dressed me in a Speech, desiring to be informed of the News 
Stirring & whether the informations they had received were well 
founded, which were, That the Catawbas continued obstinately 
bent on War that a War would [soo]n Commence between 
England and France, That they were [no] more to be at- 
tended to by the former, as they had hitherto been, that the 
people of New England intended to come into the [coun]try 
they had Sold & dispossess the Proprietaries of Pennsylv a [of 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 85 

thejir purchase That some had actually built Strong houses 
there & were fighting about it, & might probably involve some 
Ind* in the Quarrel All which they said had created much 
[une]asiness amongst them, that it was unexpected, & therefore 
[alar]med them more than it otherwise would have done 
[ ] they were far from inclining to act the part 

that other [Indians] had in View, & therefore requested in 
a particular manner [that we w]ould not Suffer any Intruders 
to come in the Way [ ] people within the Limits 

of their late sale, [ ] nor Withdraw those people 

who had the Care [of the trade] as a revival of all those frauds 
they had [suffered from (?)] would certainly be the Conse- 
quence of their removal [ 

[Upon] all these heads & many others I endeavored [to give 
them what assu] ranees I could [ ] and having 

rec d . from Ontario 5 Barr ls of [ ] 

At Cayuga there were Assembled about 500 Ind s . who] re- 
peated to me what I had heard [ with] additions & 
with much more Ea[rnestness. I observed] that the farther I 
advanced into the [Indian country] the more Interested they 
appeared, and the [more difficult (?)] to please, — I made a 
Shorter Stay at Cay[uga than at] Onondaga, having before 
Sent Messengers to [summon] the Chiefs of the Seneca Villages 
from Ohio to Canada [to meet] me at the North end of the 
Seneca Lake for [ ] where I arrived the 18 th . July 
& found abo[ut 2000 Ind s .] already Assembled Exclusive of 
those Chiefs that accompanied them] After Condoling with 
of some Losses, & Conferring the Dignity of 
Chief [upon a] Young Lad who was brought to me in great 
form as the Successor of their Chief lately de- 
ceased, [a chief from] the Village of Canadesega with another 
Indian [chief whom] I have had great reason to credit for many 
Years [visited] Me, and ams 1 . other things said that they had 
taken much pains [in the] past to prevent their people, from 
giving ear [ ] Circulating amongst their Neighbours, 

86 Sir William Johnson Papers 

that th[ ] presence at that time would have greater 

W[ ] would find that the Minds of the Indians 

[were] not right, and then told me many parti [culars they had] 
heard from the rest, Soon after a party [arrived from the] 
Cherokee Country who left the Ma [in ] by a 

Number of Cherokee Chiefs [who were] Coming to attend a 
General [Congress to be held] at Onondaga about the begin- 
ning [of next month, bringing] 30 Belts with them, After 

] all I could discover was 
[ ] Chief 

and of the French Officer at the [Detroit 
said he should be delivered up when he thought 
The Ind s requested that I wo d forward 
[the belts] to Canada that all the Chiefs of their Confederacy 
[might] attend the proposed Congress. — Several Days elapsed 
[before] all the Ind s . directed to meet me arrived, they came for 
the Most part on horseback, & when Assembled Exceeded 
[25] 00 Such a Number joyned to the time I had been obliged 
[to] Wait, occasioned the present to fall Short & the Provisions 
&ca to be soon out [w ch . re]duced both them & myself to great 
Straits, depending [al]most intirely on the fish which were 
Caught in the Lake [After] the usual Ceremonies, Condolances 
Scca. The Senecas began with [a lo]ng detail of Grievances, 
That they were refused a Morsel of [pro] visions at Fort Pitt, 
That they were insulted wheresoever they [wen]t, That instead 
of the happiness they had reason to Expect from [our] Own 
Assurances, they found that we had forfeited our Words, 
the people who were to Inspect the Trade &ca were 
called away [ ] the Interpreters & Smiths that they 

could not do without [ ] people & therefore desired 

that you might be acquainted with [ ] request on 

their behalf. That tho' they knew & were well 
that a War was near at hand, & daily received many kind As- 
surances [from] their Old friends the french that they wo d . 
Soon find happier times [never] theless their disposition was 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 87 

pacifick, & necessity only would [ j them to Extremity. 

To Enumerate all that they said on this [& other s]ubjects dur- 
ing my Stay there would draw this Letter out to [ 
I took infinite pains to Explain to & Satisfy them on | 
the Manner I Judged most prudent, & If I left them [better 
satisfied at my departure it is as much as I can expect. [By 
what] I have been able to discover I find that a Gen 1 . [ 
ojbject of their endeavors, & those who seem best | 
therein hint such Things, as would hardly [ ] of 

people, Neither is it any thing odd [ 
what they affect to term Grievances, They are daily [ 

] Southward [ 
Quarter, tho' they speak and lay [ ] heretofore, 

Those indeed to the South of [ ] the Speeches 

they Made at Ilinois which [ ] Corresponding 

Accts from Cadot & others [ ] Tho' if we wait 

for proofs sufficient to Crimina[te them] at Law, whether they 
be French or others I fa [ ] remedy the Evil, — for 

the most Sincere Ind s w d . [ ] guilt were their evi- 

dence admissible, & the inclosed [ ] relating to 

Vercher's Conduct) which I got on my way [ 
their inclination to palliate it, but the Words, Tha[t 
the King of France is alive tho' to some of no import [has a] 
Meaning amongst them & well understood, had he [ 

After Sev 1 . days spent in endeavoring to make my Journey as 
usefu[l ] by my proceed 5 , with the Senecas, & taking 

some measfures to obtain] a knowledge of the buisness to be 
transacted at the [Congress that] will be held Soon at Onon- 
daga ; I took my Leave of them [ ] Was overtaken 
by a party who were sent to inform me [of the murder] of 
Seneca George's Son, & the great concern of the Ind s . [ ] 
which I rec d . a pacquet from Col Johnson giving [me an] Accot 
of the Affair which I find he has transmitted [ ] I 
will not take up your time farther at present [ 
this tedious Narrative, but Sincerely wishing that [ ] 

SS Sir William Johnson Papers 

in my Conjectures concerning the disposition that [obtains] 
amongst the Ind 8 . & requesting to be favored with an [ 
desired I should lay before you 

I remain 

D'. Sir [ ] 


[Johnson Hall, Aug. 10, 1769] 


] I wrote you on the 8 th . & 26 th of June 
] I have not had the honor of hearing from you, 
The sujbject of the last was concerning a petition intended 
to be] Laid before the House from the principal Inhabitants 
of the Mohock River &ca relating to the division of this County, 
The former after Mention Made of the Interpreters, & Smiths, 
reminded you of your Intentions to Send a Commiss™. to Col 
Johnson for his post of Adjutant General for which I thought 
him Well Qualified. I also Observed that part of the Militia 
Officers had taken the Oaths & received their Commiss ns . As 
the remainder shall do as quick as possible. Permit me to re- 
quest the favor of your Answer on these Subjects When Your 
Leisure will permit And be assured that I am With perfect 


Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall, Aug. 10,1769] 

] arrived here three days ago from Seneca 
[and notwithstanding the Sev 1 . Pacquets I am now making up 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 89 

[and being ve]ry unfit for Sitting occasiond by a Severe Cut 
[in my] Leg which I got by a fall near Onondaga [I] could 
not omit informing you of my return & that I am Sorry to ob- 
serve The too general dissatisfaction Expressed by the Indians 
at the recall of the Commissarys &ca without having others to 
Inspect the Trade to relieve them. Altho' at the Congress at 
Seneca at which above 2000 Indians attended they Mentioned 
Many other Causes of discontent, Expressed themselves very 
Warmly on Accot of the Intrusions of the New Englanders into 
Pennsylvania, which they fear will lead their borderers into a 
Quarrel, and Spoke much of the obstinacy of the Catawbas who 
are at Variance with the Cherokees with whom they the 6 
Nations have made peace, Yet the former is more particularly 
Necessary for Your Information as it regards the Conduct of 
this Province, [ ] I took Infinite pains to satisfy them on all 

these points, and gave them all the Assurances I could take upon 
me to make that the Province and all others concerned would 
make such provisions as [ ] Necessary for the Inspec- 

tion of Trade & for Interpreters & Smiths, so soon as possible, 
I likewise spoke to De Couagne, who [has] been Interpreter at 
Niagara ever since the reduction of [that place] with regard to 
his continuance there for some time [ ] but he rejected 

any proportion that could be allowed [from] the £150 Resolved 
by the House for the Maintenance [of an Interpreter and two 
Smiths for Niagara & Detroit, & here [ ] to repeat 

that an Interpreter is necessary for [ ] That 

hitherto Detroit alone has had two, [one for the Huro]n the 
other for the Ottawa Language as [ ] to find 

any One Man sufficiently Versed in both [ 

] Trade, which ought by no means 

[ ] 

The situation in which I have described myself does not] 
permit me at this time to give a detail of my Transaction [s 

or to represent all that they have said on 
th[ ] Subjects, but if the observations & dis- 

coveries [which I have] Made, Joined to the experience I may 

90 Sir William Johnson Papers 

be suppo[sed to have] can render me a Competent Judge [in 
these matters,] I cannot too Strongly recommend the most Seri- 
ous attention to an] Object of so much importance that a timely 
provision [may be made] for persons of Integrity as Inspectors, 
& for Interpreters] at such posts as this Province may agree to 
the care of [It will] save me much Trouble & yield me great 
Satisfaction to find [that my] Apprehensions of the Necessity 
for such a provision were [ ] it must appear evident 

that besides the discharge of my [ representation, I 

am governed by no other Motives than [ ] and re- 

gard for its Tranquillity & Commercial Interests. 


] another of same date 
on the State of the frontier. — 


A. L. S. 1 

London 10 th . August 1769 

Upon my representing and Stating the Losses and expences 
attending my Late Appointments in America to the Ministry 
Lord Hillsborough has been pleased to give me the Inclosed 

I have talkt with His Lordship and M r . Pownall on the Sub- 
ject who are of Opinion that the Nova Scotia District is or 
ought to be under your Managment, Viz 1 , in a Degree — to 
make use of His Lordships expression that According to the 
New regulations of the Indian Department the Diputys are 
Comparitively in the Light of Embassadors, and as I am told 
the Governor of Nova Scotia has some allowance made for 
presents and Other Extra?*. &c to the Indians of that Province 
I would propose that M r . Crosby Act as my Diputy only in 
Making Such reports and returns to you Conformable to the 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 91 

Instructions you heretofore give me. That till the 23 rd . Sep- 
tember next the Diputy Agent. Surgeon. Armourer. Interpreter: 
&c be paid. And after that time Only the Diputy Agent, and 
an Interpreter as & the Inclosed Accounts or in any Other 
Manner you may please to Direct — 

The expences attending two Voyages to England and thro' 
the Continent with Other Losses Sustaind has reduced me to the 
Necessity of Disposing of most of my property in Nova Scotia 
and Without some assistance of this kind will emerge me into 
further Difficultys. I hope a recompence by a Provision of 
this Nature may not Interfer with your regulations or in the 
Least Infringe on your particular Department. 

I have the promise of the first Majority Vacant which on 
Obtaining propose to exchange with One of the regiments Serv- 
ing in North America which may give me an Oppertunity pre- 
haps of Acting. But my Continuance on your Branch, being 
understood merely as a recompence from Government for the 
Losses I have Sustaind (Permitted to Act by Deiputy) I hope 
you will Approve of M r . Crosbys Making out and Signing the 
half Yearly Account as Such after the 23 rd . September Next, 

I hope to be favor' d with a Letter from you on this Subject 
if Directed to the care of Major Moncriffe or Sheriff it will be 
Duly forwarded. 

I am Sir 

Your Most Obedient and 
Most humble Servant, 

P. S. I shall Draw a Conditional 
Bill on you for the Six Months 
Ending the 23 d September Next. 

Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 
INDORSED: 1 London 10 th . August 1769 
Major Gorhams letter 
w ,h . Acc ,s . — 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

92 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[Aug. 10, 1769] 

1 ] 

[ ] Franklin & w h . I Now Inclose you 

] Wharton Menshons More Letters 
to my hand I fancey he has Inclosed [ so] me of 

his f rends & that they Meybe up [ Dejtroit 

[I prop]ose by Sunday to Indever to go to Wate [on you ?] 
have ordred a Wagon to Meet Me if I Should [ 
able to Ride for tho the Gout is gon I am [lame] & fair I have 
had a Dislocation of the [ ] of My foot, w h . will 

Make Me Lame as Long [ 

] Wrote y r . honor of the 8 th . and thought to have 
] by an Indian who Slipt away without My [ 
] I Now Send itt by the Berrer with Several [ 

I am with the Greatest Respect 

y r . honors Most obeident 
& humble Servant 

Geo: Croghan 
[ ] ing this two 

]ter I had Some 
[ ] m r . Upton In 

]ted to Shoe you 
[ ] if I Do will 

[ ]th Me 

INDORSED: Co 1 . Croghans Letter 
August 8 th . 1 769 

Df. 1 
[Johnson Hall Aug. 12, 1769] 
my Arrival Col Johnson communicated 
| with the papers you Sent, There would be 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 93 

no difficulty in Sending the one provided the issue 

of it [ ] favorable, but I have reason to imagine 

not at present, [ Indians at every Village on my 

Way to Seneca [a]mong other Complaints spoke a great deal 
on the intrusions [of] the New England people on Pennsylv a . 
which they fear will [injvolve the Borderers of their own in 
some Quarrel, and in [a] Conversation I have Just had with 
some Aughquago Chiefs [I] find they rather decline entering 
into any matter that is likely to give them any trouble now, and 
indeed were you acquainted with the present State and Appear- 
ance of things amongst them, you would soon account for it. — 

[/ should imagine that an application of that Nature Was not 
likely to promote your Affair now, & am Sensible of the con- 
structions that Would be put upon it, in prejudice thereto 1 .] 

My great hurry in making up dispatches &ca at present 
[will] not allow me to give you an Accot of my late proceed- 
ings [ ] Indeed any application to buisness Suits but 
ill with my [present] situation having cut my Swelled Leg very 
Severely by a a Stump, which I could take but 
little care of on the [ ] now require a little rest to 
effect a Cure, which will [account] for my Not being able at 
present to add more [than that] 

I am 


A. L. S. 

[Detroit, Aug. 13, 1769] 
It is by M r . Croghans directions that I have [take]n the 

Liberty to inclose his Letters to you. 

The two Indians whom you heard were delivered by the 

Puttawattamees the later end of June, made their escape from 

Crossed out in the original. 

94 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this place the 28 of July at night, and were [seen] by a french- 
man, and a Party of that Nation who were [com]ing here to 
Trade, by eight next morning at about twenty [ ] Miles 

from this, the Indians all turnd back with them, telling [the 
fjrenchman as their Brothers had made their Escape they [were 
a] fraid to come to the Fort least they should be detaind in [their 
pla]ces. The above frenchman is an Inhabitant [of St Loui]s 
and the person that buried Pondiac, who was at his 


[The tra]de at this place this year is very considerable 
] quantity of Skins & Peltry [ ] to 

dispose of [ 

I am Sir 

with profound [ 
Your most Ob [ ] 

most Humble servant 

Jehu [Hay] 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

A. L. S. 

[Albany, Aug. 14, 1769] 

[I am] much oblig'd to you for [your] favor of the 12 th . 
Instant and [subm]it to your opinion & consiquently [drop] the 
application to the Onidas & c . 

I took the liberty to write about part of the Mohawk Flatts 
and hope thier will be no difficulty there. 

In confidence, I am to acquaint you, my friends at Home 
declined making the application for a Confirmation of my Indian 
Gift for the present, they being in expectation of my receiving 
some further mark of His Majestys Favor; so shall be oblig'd 
to take up the Patent for the Lands in the usual way & expence. 

I am extremely sorry to hear you have Cut Your Leg & 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 95 

sincerly wish it may [be] well by the time this getts to your 
[han]ds & that You may have recover'd [from the] fatigue I 
am with truth 


Your Oblig'd & 

Most Obedient humble 

J NO Bradstreet 

INDORSED: August 14 th . 1769 

Co 1 . Bradstreets letter 
declines proceeding in the 
Tract w h . lyes in y e . Forks of 
Delaware — 

Ans d . Aug 1 . 23 d . 


A. L. S. 

Albany Aug*. 16 th 1769 

I have Wrote — You the Second of March Last and In- 
cloused You a Coppy of a Draft of Coll. George Croghan on 
You for one hundred Seventy one pounds Eight Shillings And 
Six pence please to Let me know if you Except the Same And 
You Will Oblige 


Your most Hum e . Servt 

] the Honourable SlR 
William Jonson Baronet 

indorsed: August 16 th . 1769 
Volkert Dow Esq rs . 
Letter ab f . a Draft 
Ans rd . that I will 
Examine into the Affair 

96 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[Philad., August 16, 1769] 

[ ] 

[ ] then the most [ ] 

& Country a service — 

And as the present disposition [ ] Inhabitants 

As well as that of some of the Indian [ ] the 

prospect of a War too probable, I shall give the [ suc]h 

as have come to the City — 

On the 14 th Ins 1 , by an Express sent [by M r ] Callender, 
We were informed, that He had 25 Horse loads [ 
going out to trade with the Indians, when Near Fort Bedford 
[ ] Attack'd by 30 White Men who in Order to 

disguize thems [elves ] had painted their Faces and 

Altho' the Driver intreated [ ] Might have liberty 

to return & Store the Goods, they were [ ] but 

Imediately seized the packages Open'd them, & took [ 
Quantity of the Goods, distroyd some, & declard there [was 
war] between the Indians & Us & that No Goods should 
but suffered the remainder to be taken back to 
the [ ] Woods. Callender further Writes that so 

[in his (?) estimation, this, With the Conduct of the Indians, 

] the people into, that He was doubtfull if [ 
would not be distroy'd. By another Account We [ 
that, all the Inhabitants, had quitted their [habitations] between 
Pittsburgh & Ligonier, As they hourly | a rupture] with the 


It is said that the Mingos [ ] about Fort pitt, 

& declard, that they [ ] Expectation of a treaty 

being there [ they Might receive satisfaction for 

[the lands ] ceded to the Crown at the Treaty [of Fort 

Stanwix.] they Alledged they had [ 

[ ] 

which as the Garrison the Appearance 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 97 

of such Nu[mbers ] them with, this its said 

Exaspera[ted ] the Woods, & After a day or 

two return [ing in an ill] humour, shot down Bullocks & every 
thing [ ] 

By another Account, [ ] a party of the same 

Tribe of Indians returning ] come Across an Habita- 

tion, in Which there w[as a woman] Whom they Used ex- 
treamly 111, then [ ] Her into Potowmack river, 

where she was [drowned. This] spread Among the Inhabi- 
tants, who Collect] ed ] Indians, Overtook them, & a 
Skirmish ins[ued. The] Indians were obliged to Fly, & left 
Three of [ ] on the Spot — This Account I am 
informed [ ] a Person, who had been into the 
Indian Coun[try and] On his return saw the 3 Indians lying 

[ ] 

Our Governor [ ] I am told, that, the Council 

have been Called [ ] Letters to the Magistrates of 

Cumberland Co [unty ] On this Occasion, & its said have 

sent [ ] with an Account thereof; And an Intima- 

tion ] prudent to Inform the General of [ 

I have [ ] this, such a state of M[atters 

] as to the truth thereof [ ] 

of reading of R C[allender's ] that Paoli 

had been & been obl]iged to leave Corsica, that He 

had [ ] in London — 

I am just told that Col. Cressop [has been] these 10 days 
Embarqued for London, I do not [ ] business, but 

rather fear, its with a View to Oppose [ ] &c 

I remain with sincere respect 
thy real friend 

Tho Wharton 
INDORSED: Philadelphia August 
16*. 1769. 

M r . Tho s . Whartons letter 
w ,h . Intelligence 

Answered Sepf. 12 th . 

98 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall, August 17, 1769] 

i ] 

] your Letter of the 6th inst with the in [closure 2 ] 

[which] evidently correspond with what I have heard from 
other Quarters, but I don't find the Answer of the Indians 
amongst L* Col Wilkins's papers, and therefore I Suppose you 
did not receive it for which reason I now send you one in French 
which I have received from Detroit, and which I think is ex- 
pressed in Terms that Leave us no doubt of the Evil Inclination 
of those Indians. — It is extremely hard to say what should be 
done in these Cases, for I have observed that Threats to them 
generally make matters worse, and that there is no Middle way 
but either to Let them alone, or to send a proper force against 
them, but if (as some of them talk) a Quarrel should arise 
amongst themselves I think it should be encouraged^ purpose to 
govern myself in this matter in the best way I can, and hope to 
have some influence over their Councils at the General Treaty 
to be held at Onondaga. — 

As the Hurt which I mentioned in my [last] to have received 
in my Leg still Confines me to my [room and] in general to such 
a posture that Writing is [very in] convenient to me, I know you 
will kindly [ ] I am not yet able to be more 

particular [ ] a few days to be Able to give more 

Attention to [ ] Matters. — 

Mr. [ ] 

& other Accots coming in I can[ ] for the service 

of this Year, and it sho[ ] that from the Variety 

of Transactions [ the bringing about the reform 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lieutenant Colonel Wilkins' speech to the Wabash Indians, not 
found. The answer follows the letter of August 26th from Johnson to 
the Earl of Hillsborough. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 99 

which co[uld not take] place at all the posts at the same 1 these 
E[xpences have] Increased which I hope you will direct me 
[in the] settlement of. I did not Send y e . above [ 



D/. 2 

[Johnson Hall, August 17, 1769] 

I ] 

[On] My Way from Seneca I was overtaken by [ 

Indians, who were Sent to inform me of the murder [of Seneca] 

George's Son on the Susquehanna, and to Express the concern 

it had occasioned, imediately after which I received a pacquet 

from Col. Johnson with M r . Tilghman's Letter concerning it. 

I then sent back the Message I thought best calculated for 

appeasing them & preventing Mischief and I shall do all in my 

power that may be farther necessary for this purpose, as I fear 

it will not be easily or soon forgotten, and as the disposition I 

have discovered in the different Nations whom I have lately seen 

appears very unfavorable at this time. — 

Since my Arrival here I had the favor of your Letter of the 
2 d . Inst concerning your Intention for running [the] Boundary 
Line and Shall Signify it to the Indians accordingly that some of 
them shall attend at that time [and do] all in my power for 
preventing the attendance of too many 

In My Opinion the Whole Line of the late purchase [should 
be] run & Well Marked as Soon as possible particularly [from] 
Owegy to Delaware, as it will prevent Contention 
the Longer it is deferred the greater will be [ effect it.] 

I have the pleasure to acquaint you [ dis] satisfied 

1 The word, "time" evidently omitted. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

100 Sir William Johnson Papers 

with the proceed 5 of the N Englanders paid 

them the remainder of the purchase [ with their 

proper Acquittances I shall [ ] next opportunity. 


L l . Gov r . Penn 


[Johnson Hall, Aug. 17, 1769] 

I ] 

] inclosing me your kind favor of the [16 ,h ult.] 
[and hear]tily thank you, at the same time give me [leave to] 
condole with you Sincerely on the Loss you have 
by the death of So Aimable a Sister, whose indisposition was I 
presume the circumstance you Mention that deprived [me of] 
the pleasure of hearing from you Sooner. 

I am much obliged to you for your kind promise in] 

favor of the New County, and particularly So for the candour 
with which you have given me your Sentiments on that Sub- 
ject. — That there were private Views of a particular party 
which occasioned the Extending the Old County to Aries Kill 
is as certain as that such a bound would be contrary to the Sense 
& Interests of the Inhabitants, who labour under these particular 
hardships that they have no knowledge of what is doing at y e . 
Capital till 'tis over, [and] that they are for the most part 
ignorant & that the Members [res]ide at a distance & have con- 
trary Interests. — 

] to the Member you Mention the first opportun- 
ity [ ] like those who went before him Wants Capacity 
] easily Led. intended that Schenectady 
shall remain in the [Old County] the Lower bounds proposed 
for the New one being it at the end of that 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 101 

Township, which is [ ] the most Natural & best 

division that can [ ] think that what you say with 

regard to [ ] the Gentlemen 

you Mention [ ] thing would prevent so 

necessary [ ] dividing the County, which 

if well [ ] Signal advantage to these parts, 

as on [the contrary if] injudiciously made it will be prejudicial 
[I am] in hopes that you will be able to Succeed | 
you have in View as well as in this Application | 


De Lancey Esq r . 

Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall Aug. 17, 1769] 

[ of June 18 th the] 

day before I set out [for the Indian country to hold] a Congress 
for the disc [overy | have created much un[ easiness, 

and] this prevented me from Writing you at [ 
take the Earliest opportunity Since my [return] of Answering 
your Letter. — 

As I was very Sorry to hear of the dis[ satisfaction] amongst 
the Inhabitants in your Neighbourhood [it gives me pleasure] 
to find by Your last Letter that the Appointments [do not] In- 
terfere with them So much as was first imagined [and that] they 
had a prospect of relief in these matters. I shall be glad to 
testify my regard by affording them any Assi [stance] in my 
power as far as their case shall require it. 

M r . Wallis Hurd wrote me Some time Ago that he [and] 
those concerned in Taking up a Township from me had Agreed 
to the Terms I proposed, & that as Soon as they were advised 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

102 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of my return from the Indian Country Some of them would 
come to me properly Authorized to settle it finally requesting 
Me to give them Notice when I came back thr[ough] you, I 
must therefore request the favor of you to Signify to M r . Hurd 
&ca that being now returned I am ready to Conclude the buis- 
ness with them whenever they shall come The Sooner this is 
done the better as I have daily applications Made to me for 
that Land, and only Wait for their Coming in Consequence of 
my promise. 

Henry Van Schaack, Esq r . 


[New York, August 18, 1769] 
[I am heajrtily congratulating you on your Safe Return from 
your [ ] Indian Country, which I flatter myself has 

been [as benefici]al to your Health as it has been to the Publick 
Service [ ] me Good Sir to introduce the Bearer 

Mr Griffiths to your [friend] ship & Acquaintance — This 
Gentleman intends to go home to be ordained as Soon as He 
can get proper Recommendations for [a] Mission & having 
heard that a Missionary is very much Wanted for the Church 
at Schenectady, His Errand to Johnson Hall is to Crave your 
Countenance & Influence to make him agreable to the People of 
that Congregation, whose good Opinion I am confident He will 
endeavour to deserve — As to his Qualifications for Such a 
Charge I am a Stranger to & I believe you will Yourself be a 
much better Judge than me — but I dare venture to assure you 
Sir that his morall Conduct is without Reproach & that He is a 
very sensible, Welbehaved, Worthy Man, which is indeed the 
Character He has always had amongst all his Acquaintances — 
Your kind Offices in his Favour will therefore in my Opinion be 
always a Pleasure to [your] self, a great Benefitt to him & an 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Obligation to the Church at Schenectady & I do assure you Sir 
Shall always be gratefully acknowledged by 

Sir Your most Obedient Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable S r William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 
Favour of 
M r Griffiths 

INDORSED: [Mr Wetherhead's letter by] 
Doctor Griffiths 
Ans rd . 7 br . 1 st . 


A. D. S. 

[August 18, 1769] 

Rum] to Onondage 5/ p r otor 
] Rum & one Cag to Shaneye Intion 
] of Rum to a tacowie p r ortor 
] ll ns : of Rum & Cag to a Cayuca p r 
]ll ns . of Rum Onontage p r ortor 
] Gall ns . & half tof Rum to Onondage Cag 
] Gall ns . of Rum to one of the Same Nation 
3] Gall ns . to a tiscarore Intian p r orto 
3] Gall ns . of Rum at 5/ p r ortor 

[ Gall ns . of Rum one Cag p r ortor 
1 ] 74 Skipple of Wheat at 3 s / 
4] Waggons one Day 10 s / p r Day 
15] Skipple of Wheat at 3/ p' 
15] Millar for Grinting 189 Skipple 
] Days loting Nitural & foun d , Hon r . 
]ny & provision on your Way 
] pounds of Sugar 
| Skipple of flowar 






1 2 






26 2 


2 5 

2 7 


11 9 


1 7 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

] old pork 

] of Buttor 

] of Chack & half at 3 s / p' 



old Rum 














£ 66 17 

to the Hiar for the Battoe [ 
Agu st 5 to your Expences & your Retu[rn 

to 4 Bags 3 tops & one Whudan Bo[x 

to 8 s paid to the Smit for Shoe a ho[rse 

to one Chak Shurt for Androw 

to his Vituals & thrink for 13 Day 

for Kipping the Horses 

to the Smith 

to 12/ Mohawk by ortor of M r Byrne 

to 4 £ : 10 s by an ordor of Corll Croghan | 

June 4 to 2 Skipple of flowar 



Rudolph Shoemaker 

To Another Small Acc f . 


Sir W m Johnson Bar nt 

Johnson Hall 
Johnson Hall March 7*. [1770 Received] of Sir W Johnson 

Bar', the [ 

] of all Demands to thi [ 


£92 18 6 

2 3- 

£95 1 6 

paid — 
Johnson Bar 1 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 105 

Rudolph Shoemaker D r 

]as Nicholas & one Indian to Vituals 
[ ] Shillings in Chas 

[ ]ga Indian 4 Skipple of wheat 12 s / 

for grinting 
] Skipple of potatoes at 2 s / 
[ Ge]rge Nellas the Smith p r ortor 14 s / 

£2 3 
Rudolph Shoemaker 

17 1 769 

] m r Shoemaker the of ten Shillings [ ] 

Shillings of Expences [ ] one Indian 

Thomas Nicholas 

£ S 


Is 2 





Df. 1 

[Johnson Hall, August 20, 1769] 
[My Lord] 

[ ] your Lordship's letter of [ 

was absent on a Tour through the Country [of the Six N]ations 

so that I had no Opportunity of answering [it before]. — 

The Character you have given of M r . [C]unningham is a 
Sufficient recommendation in case of Vacancy or of an Estab- 
lishment of a Deputy there, of which I am in Some doubt, as 
the Government may probably think it unnecessary to incurr the 
Expence attending it which I can no longer defray out of the 
Small Allowance for my Department since the late reform; — 
Major Gorham will be soon in America, when he went home he 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson except a brief interlineation, which is 
in Sir William's. 

106 Sir William Johnson Papers 

was my Deputy, & told me that He left one to act in his Absence 
and he has lately wrote me that Lord Hillsborough has been 
pleased to referr the Necessity of Continuing him in that office to 
General Gage and myself so that I am really at a loss what to 
do in the Affair until I receive his Majestys Commands on that 
Subject. — 

I have the honor to be 
with great regard 

My Lord &ca 
indorsed: [ ] 

[Lord W m .] Campbell 
[Governor] of Nova Scotia 


A. L. S. 

[New London, August 20, 1769] 
] to having the pleasure of seeing [ 
Could make me so happy as the [ ] from you 

and that the Tour you have [ h]as been attended 

with all the success you [ ] for and in a Particular 

manner been ]able in Restoring your health that 

this [may] be the Case may the almighty in his [infini]te mercey 
Grant, and what I hope Very [shortly] to be an Eye Witness 
of as I think I [can n]ot now be detained here more than about 
[a f]ortnight, I have sent you to the [care] of M r Wetherhead 
a Box Conts. 19 bottles [of] water taken out of the sea Near 
Bermudas [ ] I have put up in the most Carefull manner 

[ ] Barrel of Very fine yams with 4 Cocoa 

] it — in the same Barrel is a few [Roots] w ch . 
are Called Taniers in the [ 

[ ] 

M r ». Chew [ ] and most Respectfull 

Compliments ] health and I beg you 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 107 

will belie [ve ] every wish my heart is Capable of 

is f[ ] that I am most Respectfully and most 

t ] 

Dear Sir 

Your most 

most Hb[ ] 

Jos C[hew] 

The Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bar' 


The Honnourable 

S r . William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 1 

New york August 20 ih . 1769 
Dear Sir, 

I am glad to find you have reached your own House from 
the Seneca Country tho' much concerned at the Accident you 
met with which will require Ease and Care to perfect your Cure. 

It is to be perceived from your Account of the Indians as well 
as Many other Accounts that Something of Consequence is in 
Agitation amongst the whole of them from the Six Nations to 
the Mississippi. But what the Six Nations mean by talking of 
Grievances and Injurys is past my Comprehension, if they do 
not mean to pick a Quarrel with us. They have certainly 
Nothing to complain of with Reason or Justice. The trifling 
Grievance of not getting a Morsel of Provisions at Fort-Pitt, 
shows they were hard put to it to find a Grievance. And in 
general the Fact is to be Suspected, for their Partys have all 
received more or less Provisions there, which the" Returns testify. 
Perhaps Some Party might not have got as much as they 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

108 Sir William Johnson Papers 

wanted. They might if they chose it have discovered to you 
the Cause of the Discontent of the Western or Ohio Indians, 
which it seems proceeds from the Cessions made by the Six 
Nations, of Lands to which they lay some Claim, and the Six 
Nations have received all the Money. As you don't Mention 
this, I suppose they chose to conceal this Circumstance and mean 
to leave us to Squabble it out with the other Nations as well as 
we can. I have had Several Passages on this Subject, but none 
so full as a Copy of a Letter from Colonel Armstrong inclosed 
to me by Governor Penn. I transmit you a Copy of the Gover- 
nor's Letter to me, as well as a Copy of Colonel Armstrong's 1 
to the Governor's Secretary. 

It appears very Necessary that Something should be done to 
keep those Indians quiet, and which it behoves the Six Nations 
to do till Something solid can be fixed upon with them. The 
unions and Confederacys you Mention portend no good to us, 
and Seems to be the Consequence of the Peace we have taken 
So much Pains to bring about between the Northern and South- 
ern Indians. I can't learn that the Ilinois have killed any Indian 
except Pondiack. Silver Heels will be able to clear up all 
those Reports. 

As to the Question you desire me to answer all I can Say to 
it is, that the Interpreters and Smiths will be at the Posts, and 
the Indians must transact their Business with the Officers Com- 
manding till the Provinces appoint Commissarys, or that Govern- 
ment shall think proper to adopt other Regulations. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar': 

1 John Armstrong, of Carlisle, Pa. ; later, a general of the Revolution, 
who commanded militia at Brandywine and Germantown. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 109 

INDORSED : August 20 th . 1 769 

General Gages letter 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 431, is listed a letter of August 20th to 
the Earl of Hillsborough, regarding an inclosed account of a journey and 
proceedings, the Fort Stanwix treaty, reasons which compelled Johnson to 
fix the boundary at the Cherokee river, the grant to Mr Croghan and to the 
traders who suffered losses in the war of 1 763, the Indian sentiment of 
independence, pretensions to a knowledge of the Indians, and reasons why 
he has hesitated to decline a part of the Indian cession. (Printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 2:943-48; Q, 2:546-49 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y., 8:179-82.) 

Contemporary Copy 
[Sault St. Louis alias CaghnaiOagey, Aug. 21 , 1769] 
At a Meeting of the Sachems & other principal Men of [the 
Augh] quisasne or S*. Regis Indians. 

Daniel Claus Esq r . Depy. to S r . W m . 
Johnson Bar*. The Chiefs of 

Adighwadooni of Aughquisasne, directing his Discourse to 
Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , spoke as follows. 
Brother Warraghyagey. 

By this String of Wampum we beg to remind you of what 
you Transacted with the Dep\ of y e . Seven confederate Nations 
of Canada in August 1 760. near Swegachy, when in behalf of 
the Great King of England, and the Concurrance of the Com- 
mander in chief of his Troops then on the Spot, you entered into 
preliminary Engagemt 5 . with [ deputized by s d . 

7 Nations, that provided [ ] on the English 

Armys descending the [River | & during the final 

Conquest of Canada you would secure to us the quiet & peace- 

Ph: Philips Interp r . 

1 10 Sir William Johnson Papers 

able Possession of the Lands we lived upon, and let us enjoy 
the free Exercise of the Religion we were instructed in; which 
Engagements we then firmly & mutually agreed upon, and after 
the final Conquest of this Country they were confirmed and rati- 
fied by you in behalf of the Great King of England our Father, 
at a general Congress of all the Ind n . Nations in Canada, held 
by you at Caghnawagey, all which is still fresh in our Memories, 
& we on our Side have strictly & inviolably adhered to. — 
You will likewise remember that in Spring 1 764 you ordered 
your Deputy, to publish & explain to us His Majestys most 
gracious Proclamation of Oct r . 1 763 confirming & securing to 
us our Possessions & Hunting grounds when at the same time 
you desired to collect our still dispersed People to their re- 
spective Nations & Villages. 

a String 
Brother Warraghiyagey. 

We are sorry to represe[nt to you] that said Engagements, 
have in some manner been in[ [on your Side as 

we shall relate to you. You are no Stranger to our Manners 
& Customs, in particular you will allow that there is hardly an 
Instance of Indians of different Nat s . residing together if pos- 
sibly they can avoid it. You will then please to know, that 
some of the S l Francis Indians, after their Village was cut off 1 
came to us for Shelter & Reception desiring our Protection for 
one Night as their Expression was, or untill their Village was 
reestablished; we granted their Request & received them under 
our Protection. And when ab l . 18 Months ago their Mission 
was replaced, the chiefs of this Village desired those of S l . 
Francis to collect their People, and we warned those under our 
Protection to repair to their own Town & Nation. But we find 
now that thro the Insinuation of one M r . Hartell, who on Acco 1 . 
of his trading with them encouraged them to remain in our 

1 By Robert Rogers on October 6th, 1 759. See Rogers' Journal, 
p. 1 46—60. ; also Amherst to Pitt, in Correspondence of William Pitt, 
2:221—22, ed. Gertrude Selwyn Kimball. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 111 

Village, and obtained a Paper from the Governor of this 
Province, empowring them & M r . Hartell to fix and establish 
themselves in our Village; Should this be the Case you must be 
sensible that the Peace & Tranquility of our Town is at an End, 
not only on Acco f . of the Distinction our Nation always made 
between them & us, but more so, as they now boast & avail them- 
selves of said Paper, and already go the Length of Telling us, 
that they have a better right to live & hunt at & about S l . Regis 
than we who had nothing to show for our living there, and to 
convince us of their prerogative priviledges are destroying our 
peoples Beaver Traps wherever they come across them in the 
Woods, & in short engross not only ours but some of the 6 Nat s . 
hunt?, ground who blame us for it, w cl \ must unavoidably involve 
us together in Disputes & Troubles. It will appear very clear 
to you as well as any one that knows about our ways & Customs, 
that we never would have settled here, had we known that 
Strangers might mix & settle amongst us whenever they pleased, 
And no Nation of Ind ns . would attempt it of themselves, without 
being set on & encouraged to it by whites. We assure you 
Brother, that since M r . Hartell forced himself upon us there 
was nothing but confusion & parties in our Village. And hav- 
ing last Summer thro the Mediation of your Deputy been recon- 
ciled and united, we in order to continue unanimous, were de- 
termind [to have] M r . Hartell & the S'. Francis Ind ns . leave 
our Village, but it Se[ems ] wont let us enjoy that 

] our Nation was so long deprived of: We therefore 
entreat and request you in behalf of [ ] who have 

jointly & unanimously resolved upon th[ ] to 

interpose in this Case, and give Gov 1 ". Carleton your | 
thereon, as he seems to be an entire Stranger to our [Customs] 
and the Engagements & promises made us by you in be [half] 
of the great King of EngR before the Surrender of Canada 

Gave a Belt of Wam[pum] 
Sir Williams Deputy told the Aughquisasne Indians in 
Ans[wer] that he had heard & understood, this their foregoing 

1 1 2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Speech and request, and would agreable to their Desire make a 
Report thereof to Sir William Johnson p r . Post. — he then 
acquainted them with the Conversation General Carleton had 
with him on the above Subject, being determined to support the 
S l . Francis Ind ns . in living at Aughquisasne, and that themselves 
nor the Cagawageys must imagine themselves Masters or pro- 
prietors of the Lands they lived on. They were surprized & 
said the Governour knew nothing of their Affairs, and seemed 
to encourage and bel[ieve] People that allways were known 
to be Authors of Mis [chief &] false reports. — 
He then gave them a String of Wampum whereby he sum- 
moned] them to a Meeting to be held at Onondago between the 
[Six Nat s . ] & the Cherakees, and acquainted the Caghnaw- 
ageys [of] the Death of one of their People killed in the 
Cherokee Country by the Ilinois Ind s & of anothers being taken 
& in the Hands of a French Officer which News they published 
in their Town by the D[eath] Yell as customary & other usual 
ceremonies on the like Occasion. 

The Aughquisasnes before they returned asked to have [a] 
Smith at S'. Regis on their own Acco 1 . & Expences; Col 
C[laus] told them he would endeavour to recommend them 
an [d] then the Meeting broke up. 

A true Copy, at Le Chine 22 d . Aug 1 . [1769] 

A. L. S. 

August 2) '". 1769 
Dear Sir 

On My Return home I found a Leter from m r . Wharton 
Dated May y e . 30 th . wherein he Writes Me that a Noble Lord 
had Intrested himself Much In feaver of y e . Grant to y e . traders 
and had Spoke to Lord Hillsborrogh About itt who Tould him 
that he thought y e . King wold Confirm itt provided y e . Indians 
wold Nott alter the Limets of y e . boundry, or In that Case wold 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 113 

Give them another Tract Butt Said my Grant was two Much 
fer any Subject in Amerrica & that he had thought of granting 
all y e . Cesion to Gentlemen in Englend and a good Dele of 
such Conversation, however he has promised that the King wold 
Make a grant for y e . Loses in 54, and a Contract is Made fer 
My part of that Grant which will I hope Reimburst Me as Soon 
as I Can Send a power of atturny home, Butt My foot is a 
good Dale y e . Worse for My Re [turn] home So that I Dont 
know when I Shall be [ ] to go to albany. 

M r Wharton Closes his Leter with Saying That if y r . honer 
& the Six Nations Do Nott Make any alteration in the boundry 
below bigg Canhaye 1 that Every artickle of the Traty will be 
Confirm^ as No Gentleman in England has oposed or Said a 
Word against y e . Traty butt Lord Hillsburugh 
I am Dear Sir with Great Respect your 

Honors Most obeident 
Hum bIe . Servant 

Geo: Croghan 

To the Hon ble . Sir WILLIAM JOHNSON Barr 1 

INDORSED : August 2 1 l 1 769 

M r . Croghans Letter 

A. L. 5. 
[New York, August 21, 1769] 

[ ] 

] Just now had the pleasure of receiving yours 
of the | from whi]ch I am extremely Sorry to learn your 

Misfortune — I hope however you are by this Time gott per- 
fectly well of your Hurt; which I assure you Sir I shall hear 
with great pleasure — I now take the Liberty of inclosing you a 
Copy of the Bill drawn by Mr. Roberts for your Governm 1 it 

Great Kanawha, W. Va. 

I 1 4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

has been laying in Mr Roosevelts Hands ever Since the Date 
of my former Letters in which I mentioned it to you — I have 
Shown that Gentleman the paragraph in your Letter respecting 
the Bill & He will be content to wait your Orders about it 

I shall by the first opportunity Send you Hamiltons Rose for 
the Tooth Ach with Directions — 

The Sundry Articles you & Col Johnson wrote me for were 
Sent immediately & doubt not but you must have receivd them 
long eer now as they were Sent to Mr Van Eps in order to be 
forwarded to you — 

My Wife is much obligd to you for your kind Remembrance 
of Her She Joins me in Sincerely wishing your Speedy Recovery 
& in the Mean time remain with great Truth 

Sir Your most Obed Servant 

John Wetherhead 
P. S. I hope you have received 
the Pickled Cod 2 Barrells Sent you 
Some Time Ago. 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

] heads letter 
[ ab 1 .] Roberts Bill. 

Ans rd - 7 br . 1 st . 


New York August 21 st . 1769 

M r David Griffith the Bearer of this, is a Gentleman that 
intends to enter into holy Orders; previous to which, he is 
desirous of visiting Schenectady, and your new settlements. I 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 \\5 

have never had any great intimacy with him, but am assured 
from several of his Friends, Gentlemen of veracity, that he is an 
amiable, worthy Man. 

I am extremely sorry that M r Seabury unfortunately missed 
of you. He seems well pleased with the Country, and I be- 
lieve might be induced to remove & settle with you; provided 
the Society would give him a sufficient Salary to live upon; the 
Salary they propose is certainly too small. This I have men- 
tioned to them & hope they will take it under consideration. 

I have now got in my possession the Deeds for the late D r 
Barclays House & Lands which if you should want them, shall 
be sent to you, when you please. As the Tenant is ordered by 
the Executors to deliver the possession to you, I must suppose he 
has done it, or ready to do it. If any thing further is necessary 
to be done in the Affair, if you will please to let me know it, it 
shall immediately be complyed with. 

Your goodness I flatter myself will excuse this short hasty 
Scrowl, being at present greatly hurried; and believe me to be 
with great truth, Worthy Sir — 

Your Much Obliged 
& Most Ob* Serv 1 

Samuel Auchmuty 
Sir W m Johnson 

INDORSED: 1 Doctor Auchmutys letter 

21 st August 1769 
ty Doctor Griffith 


A. L. S. 
Charles To[u)n, So. Car., Aug 22, 1769] 
[Honoure]d Sir/ 

I am Sory that I am oblidged to be Troublesom to you, my 
Present Necesety oblidges me to Inform You of my Sircum- 

In Johnson's hand. 

116 S'u William Johnson Papert 

stancr , as is. 1 I have had 1 Severe lit <>l Siknes here oc ol 
the Present not inlirely Recoverd amd therefore Indebted both 
lo tin* Doctors ot I ..odgings Beg tlierelore you will he So good 
as to ( »ive ( apt", noilh ol 1 Mulladelplua orders to Ray me the 
Mnney whoo Rronusd lo 1 )oe it Rrovisor yon will Give Sucl) 
order, 1 his C apt n Mason informed nie ol, for in 1 . 1 'anion is 
Not aide lo Ray it as I am also informed l>y Mason, I loilher 
beg your I lonour will lavonr me will) a Line ol Inhumation 
wliow Malers Stands with in 1 , Reter Runson t\ il I may he so 
honld to Send my hooks to yon in order I hat I may have Re 
covert! what is owing lo me Which animounts 1 o I wo hundred 
& Eighty three pounds York (in rent y Should loilher 1 ake 
it a Ciical favour il your I lonour woutl he good enough il .in 
Opertunely permits lo, asisl me in Sending my wile whom I am 
Greatly wauling with Me t\ il my Brother is willing to Com 
will also asist him in ihe 1 \isage loilher 1 hope you are heler 
m health I hen When 1 parted from you Your favour as 
above will Keler an Kver 1 .astmg ( )l)hgation on your 

I lonours most ohedienl and 
I lumhle Sei vanl 

I'KANT/. Kl ll'l'l K I 

ADDKISSID: The I lon l,lr . Sir W m . Johnston Baronel 

New i oik 
INDOKSI.l): August 22' 1 . I I 

I' ran/ Ruperts 


,l. /.. s. 

[Kinderhook Aug. 22, I7<> ( >\ 
I I 

a pari ol the M.uinor ol Renssel | aer 
friendship antl regard you have giv [en 
I ownslups makes us hope thai you 
ihe trouble ol reading I ransat lions |lhal | ol a 

Post-War Period, I '763-/774 117 

very great number of Worthy Industr [ious ] your 

favourable attention to the hardships [ ] certain 

Interest, I beg leave to continue my [ ] My Brother 

lately called upon the Governors [secretary, and asked him if] 
he had handed the Petitions, Resignations &c, to h [is Excellency 
(of which] I troubled you with Copies) he answered in the 
Affirmative [ ] that the Governor had said Com- 

missions could deside no p[ ] directed him (the 

Secretary) to make out New Commissions (w[ 
those who have resigned) agreeable to Col°. Rensselaers Recom- 
mfendation] We have notwithstanding reason to believe that 
the present appointments in this extraordinary Regi- 

ment will not Stand; for it seems the Projectors of [ 
Regiment have made some unpardonable Blunders Such as dat- 
ing all the Inferiour Commissions before that of the Colonel's, 
with a view, as we suppose, to give colour hereafter to a Wild 
and Inconsistant Claim that is made to the Contested Lands to 
the North of Claverack and East of us. An other blunder of 
a still more extraordinary nature is that antidating of Some of 
the Commissions So far back as that they have the Secretarys 
Name to them Six or Eight Months before he Was Secretary. 
As soon as the drift of these measures were perceived they were 
communicated very publickly and I received a letter from New 
York for a State of the Regiment Specifying the different 
Places the Officers live at, the time of the delivery of the Com- 
missions, by whom filled up what Interest the Officers were in 
at and before the Crown's Trial last Fall with Col° Rensselaer, 
when filled up & the particular Dates of the Commissions. I 
was lucky enough to get the necessary Informations & made out 
a State of almost the whole Regiment and which Sir (if you 
will [be] troubled with it) I will Send you. By it it appears 
that not a Commission was signed [ 

[ ] 

1 768 were sent to England [ 
] lying for a Patent for the [ 

1 i 8 Sir William Johnson Papers 

]t tho the Commissions are dated [ 
] 1 768 yet they were not filled up [ 
then only delivered. — The Governors [ ] N°. 1 

Commission was the only one filled [ ] not Dated 

'till the Month of November on [ ]y of the 

Inferiour Commissions were Dated [ ] antidated. 

In the appointment of the [ ] has also been a 

manifest particality Shewn. 

I remain 

very respectfully 

Your most Obedient 

& most humble Servant 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Kinderhook 22 d Aug'. 1769 
Henry Vanschaak Esq 1 *. 
Letter — 


Johnson hall Aug 1 . 23 d . 1769. 
Dear Sir 

Upon my return from Seneca which was about 12 days ago 
I had the favor of your kind Letter of the 1 st . of this Month 
which till now I could not Answer, & even Now I cannot be as 
particular as I co d . Wish, not being able to Write without much 
pain tho I have a Great deal of business on my hands, for on 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. Printed by C. H. Lincoln in Transactions, 1 1 :52— 53. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 119 

my return in the Night from the Hut of a Chief, near Onondaga 
where I held a private Conference My Canoe overset, & I had 
to make the Shore & get up a Bank in the Dark with much 
Difficulty in effecting which I tore my Swelled Leg very much 
on a Small Stump, so as not yet to be able to go into my Study, 
or write without great Inconvenience tho' it is recovering much 
faster than I Expected, 

I most kindly thank you for the News communicated in your 
Letter as well as for the perusal of what you wrote to Col. 
Croghan who has received it, My Letters from home seem to 
Express a dissatisfaction, at the Great Extent of the Cession 
beyond the Kanhawa, tho' it is indisputably the Lands of the 6 
Nations, & if it had been denied, the Latter wo d . have proved 
Worse Enemys than the Cherokees can be, besides I believe the 
Virginians wo d . have settled on it at all Events, 1 It is however 
left to me now, that in case I don't think it good policy to give 
up that part it will be Confirmed, I wish I could say the same 
as to the Grant of the Traders to which objections are made. — 

I can Just Say a Word as to my late Tour, I met near 2500 
Ind s . at Seneca assembled from the Sev 1 . Villages, & I found 
them more dissatisfied than I hope I left them. They are 
greatly discontented at the Withdrawing people from the posts 
Which it is not in my power to Continue there, & I don't find 
the provinces inclined to do any thing material on that head. 

The Ind s . are likewise dissatisfied with the N Englanders In- 
trusions into Pennsylvania, which they say will involve their 
people in disputes, They complain bitterly of 111 usage & Acts 
of Injustice at the posts & frontiers & Say that the other Con- 
federacys have invited them to Joyn in Measures for redress, 
And Indeed from the sev 1 . Discoveries I have Made The belts 
Constantly passing 2 thro the Nations from the French, The late 

1 See letter of Johnson to Hillsborough, August 21, 1769, Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 2:943-48; Q, 2:546-49 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 

2 This word is in Sir William's handwriting. 

120 Sir William Johnson Papers 

proceedings on Ohio, & their Speeches at Ilinois I must have 
very unfavorable sentiments of their Intentions. — After a Meet- 
ing to be held soon at Onondaga I shall know more, In the 
meantime I use all my endeavors to prevent a Gen 1 , dissaffection, 
& to keep matters quiet as long as the present state of things 
will admit of — I persuade myself I have no occasion to 
Apologize for not being more particular under my present Cir- 
cumstances, and Wishing to hear from you by every opportunity 
Convenient to yourself I remain with Great Cordiality & Truth 
Dear Sir 

Sir John Sends his best Compliments, as does Guy who 
desires me to tell you that he Wrote you a Long Letter 
last Month, & will give you the Trouble of more whenever 
he has Subjects for them. — 
His Excels Gov R Franklyn — 


Johnson hall Aug 1 . 23 d . 1769 

The other day I had the favor of yours of the 14th, from the 
perusal of which I cannot but agree entirely with you in opinion 
as to the propriety of your now declining the Application home 
for the reasons you therein Assign, as well as from what I learn 
of their dissatisfaction at late Grants. — 

The Affair of the flatts shall meet with no obstruction from 
hence, and I hope that in the manner you intend to apply as to 
the other Affair you will Still find an Advantage. 

As to myself, my Leg heals but Slowly, tho* it has a Much 
better appearance than before, and I am in hopes that a few 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 


From the Century Magazine. After a pencil drawing by Albeit Rosenthal from the 
original painting, the property of Dr Thomas Hewson Rache 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 121 

days rest will remove that Complaint for your Enquirys concern- 
ing which I am much obliged to you and remain with regard 

Sir &ca 

Coll. Bradstreet 

INDORSED: Aug 1 . 23 d . 1769 

To Col: Bradstreet 

A. L. S. 

[Schenectady, Aug. 23 d 1769] 

The other day on my return from N. York I learn'd [that] 
you had made no further call for any part of your money re- 
maining in my hand. I therefore have taken the opportunity of 
Cap*. M c . Leod to send the Ballance — agreeable to the in- 
closed State £2246:9/ — which I hope youll aprove of & find 
right — when once your time can permit be so kind as send me 
a receipt for £3033 [ ] 3 d the full Sum that M r Newton paid me 
inclosed is those Drafts you have made. 

I am much hurried which be so good as excuse. I have the 
honor to remain 


Your most Obed* & Hum serv 1 

James Phyn 
The Hon bl Sir William Johnson 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson 
Baronet at 

Johnson Hall 





]ons Letter with 


Sent me 

Ans rd . 24 th . 

122 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York August 24 lh . 1769 
As I doubt not you will excuse the Trouble of this Letter 
[I beg le]ave without further Apology, to enter on the Subject, 
in which I [assure] my self of your friendly Offices. 

On the 6 th . Sep r . 1765 I obtained a Mandamus in the 
[usu]al Form for granting me 5,000 Acres of Land in such part 
of this province as I should choose. In the Month of January 
1767 I made a [loca]tion within the former Claim of New 
Hampshire, on which nothing further was immediately done, 
and the Governor being since restrained from passing any Grants 
there, I looked about for another place, and after much Diffi- 
culty, discovered a Vacancy on the South Side of the Mohawks 
River, being the Residue of a Purchase made of the Indians by 
Col 1 . Vaughan, after his Grant satisfied thereout — I accord- 
ingly on the 8 th . March last presented a Petition for 5000 Acres 
of these Lands to be granted me on my Mandamus — The 
Council were on the reading my Petition informed, that these 
Lands were already purchased and located by others, and they 
were thereupon so obliging as to point out and advise another 
Place for my Location — I knew before that Col 1 . Vaughan had 
purchased all that Vacancy, but I also knew that he had taken 
thereout all he intended, and that the Residue was very con- 
siderably more than sufficient to satisfy my Mandamus. I 
understand also that some people in New York [viz 1 .] one M r . 
Metcalf, M r Atwood, a Cooper and some other Tradesmen 
joined with one Herkamer living near the Lands had a feu) 
Days only before me petitioned for Eleven Thousand Acres 
there, but I knew there was no Advice of Council for the Grant, 
or any farther Proceedings thereon Having discovered this, and 
knowing that my Mandamus gave me a Preference under these 
Circumstances, I was determined for some particular Reasons, 
(which are too long to communicate) to insist upon that Right, 

Post-War Perwl 1763-1774 123 

and accordingly on the 15 March presented another Petition 
stating these Facts as they really were, and praying to have [the] 
Location made in my first Petition, pursuant to the Directions 
of [the Ro]yal Order in Council — I expected this Petition 
would have had its [ ] but from some Cause or Acci- 

dent it was not laid before the Council [ 

] Duplicate among the Council Papers | 
locate on no other Spot even should the Benefit of my Mandamus 

] totally lost to me. To mention to you the Address 
used to [induce me] to give up this Location for the Benefit of the 
other Petitioners w[ould be] troubling you too much, I will only 
say I soon perceived that every [ ] possible Obstacle 

would be thrown in my Way, and that if I would [not give] up 
to them, I should be prevented from getting it myself if possible 

] did not imagine this Management would have gone 
so far as I [have] Reason to think it has — you may guess how 
really surprized I was [the] other Day on being informed that 
the Indians were uneasy on understanding some person at New 
York had petitioned for a Grant of these Lands, and that if 
granted it might prove of serious Consequence I cannot doubt 
they have declared so, because the Governor when I pressed him 
lately on the Subject of this Grant, shewed me a Letter from 
you, in which you mention something to that Purpose, but I can- 
not help thinking that if my Location had not been made there 
the other Petitioners would have had their Grant without the 
Indians interfering and a Variety of Circumstances not only in- 
duces me to believe it has been excited by the Address of some of 
my Opponents or their Friends, but points out the active Persons 
in the Business but as this is collected from Circumstances without 
positive proof I will not mention their Names, but pursue my En- 
quiries till I discover it fully, when I will do myself the Honor to 
inform you who are the persons that have made themselves busy 
among the Indians on this Subject, as you have often mentioned 
to me respecting Klock that such practices render it very difficult 
to keep them in proper Temper. 

I was the more surprized, because the Indians can have no just 

124 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Cause, either of Complaint or Uneasiness — The Land they do 
not occupy — It is surrounded by Patents — They can scarce get 
to it without trespassing — Tis undoubtedly not their Property — 
They sold it in a most solemn Manner, I believe in your presence 
when the Governor purchased it for Col 1 . Vaughan — The King 
be [ing] thereby invested with all their Claim — and I understand 
it was [ ] included in their late Cession to the Crown. 

But be it so or not [ 

]our) pretend there was any Fraud or 
[ ] Manner in which, and the place where it 

was purchased, [ ] in that Business, as well as the 

persons of Character attending [ ] every Pretence 

of the first, and the Certainty of the Bounds, (which [ 
particular, and which doubtless they were made to understand) 
] preclude every Pretence of the latter. In Fine this 
Purchase [ ] agreable to the Kings last Instructions is 

attended with such [circ] umstances, as leave no possible Room for 
the Indians to pretend to [the] least Claim to any of these Lands, 
even if the Cession did not also include [them]. How amazing 
then is this Indian Interruption! and if permitted [to] have Effect 
of what avail is any Indian Purchase, or even the late Cession? 
[Is] it to be laid down as a Rule that tho the Indians sell to the 
King or Subject [ their Right, they shall neverthe- 

less afterwards be permitted to prevent (whenever they please to 
object) the granting the Lands so purchased, or to dictate to his 
Majesty the Person on whom he shall bestow his Royal Bounty 
— But I fear I trespass too much on your Time, I have been thus 
far prolix that you might see the Colour of this Business; the 
Injustice of the Indian Interruption, and the propriety of the 
Favor I would wish to receive at your Hands and tho I think 
in former Instances where there is Room to doubt whether Fraud 
may not have been committed in Indian Purchases, it is right that 
their Complaints & Discontents arising therefrom, should be favor- 
ably heard and redressed, yet I am sure you will think with me 
that in a Case like this their interfering ought in Justice and sound 
Policy to be discouraged if not disregarded, among other Reasons 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 125 

because it tends to give them such an Impression of Us as they 
ought not to have, for to what but our Fears of them will such a 
people attribute our suffering them by their Nod, either to direct 
the Measures of Government in disposing of the Kings Property, 
or prevent the disposing of it at all. 

I perceive groundless as this Indian Interruption appears to me, 
that while it continues, I shall with great Difficulty [if a]t all, 
obtain the Location of my Mandamus there, yet I am [de- 
termined (while Things appear to me as they do at present) to 
[locat]e it nowhere else, and rather than be in this Manner dis- 
apointed [pursjue it to the last Resort, at whatever Expence of 
Time Trouble [ ] Cash, and willingly would pur- 

chase it again of the Indians did 

] Injurious to the Kings Rights, as well as | 
disturbing the Peace and Property of the Colony without [ 

] I doubt not it is in your Power to save me great Trouble 
] Expence, and enable me to obtain the Grant 
without farthfer ] Difficulty, as your Influence will 

easily prevail on them to d[esist] from an Interruption so ill 
founded, and for which they can [ | no just Colour or 

pretence. Permit me then Sir to request y[our] friendly En- 
deavors to remove this Obstruction from the India [ns' 
and the Governors consequent Objections to my Grant, foun [ded] 
thereon — 

With the utmost Confidence and Reliance on your friendly 
Interposition for me in this Business, I have the Honor to be with 
great Respect 

Your much obliged 

and most humble Servant 

J. T. Kempe. 
[Sir William] Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: N York 24 th Augfust ] 

Attv. Genr 1 Kempe [ ] 

ab'. a Location [ 
5000 Acres at Conajoha [rie] 

126 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Schnectady the 25 th August 1769 
Dear Sir 

I now Send you by the Bearer Albert Maybee your pipe of 
Wine which Cost £50 & youll find it good at that price. I hope 
it may Arrive Safe with you & not meet with the Same fate the 
other pipe did Coming from Albany — 

I am Extraimly happy In hearing that your Leg mends So well 
& wish Sincerely that it may Continue So till quit Recovered it 
has been Reported here for Some days past that you was Coming 
down here, & was going as far as Albany I hope it may be true 
as we long much to have the pleasure of Seeing you & I have been 
So much hurried Since You Came Home that I could not get So 
much as the Injoyment of two or three days to go up to pay my 
Respects to you 

M" Campbell begs her Compliments to You & am Dear 

sir with Great Respect 
Your most hble Serv 1 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: 1 Major D. Campbells 
Letter August 1 769 


A. L. S. 

[La Chine, August 25. 1769] 

I sincerely wish these may find you safe returned and in perfect 
health after your Tour to the Six Nation Country — During your 
Absence I wrote to Brother Guy giving him an Acco*. of my 
Arrival here and how I found Matters among the Indians here. 
Soon after I went to Quebec having been told by Cap 1 . Maxwell 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 127 

that Governour Carleton wanted to see me; on my Arrival there 
he reced me very politely desiring I would accept of a Couvert 
at his Table while at Quebec when not better engaged, he then 
asked me some Questions ab'. the Interpreters employed under me 
& the Arm r . & Smiths Expences, and then came about to question 
me whether I desired the Aughquisasne Ind\ that if M r . Hartell 
insisted upon establishing himself in their Village to tie him hands 
& feet and send him to Montreal, and then drive away the S*. 
Francis Ind ns . living there ; that such things if so would only cause 
ill blood between the Ind ns . & cause a War; I told him I could 
not recollect any thing of the kind, that I relied entirely upon my 
public Transations with regard to M r / Hartells Affair at 
Aughquisasne w ch . at any time I could produce in writing, & 
could not recollect of having given any hints of the kind to the 
Ind n *. that on the Contrary when s d . Ind ns . wanted the Abinaquis 
away last fall, I & the chiefs of Caghnaw^. prevailed upon them 
to let them remain that Winter. That at the same time I never 
knew Ind ns . of different Nations live together, besides there 
always subsisted an Antipaty between the Iroquois & Riv r . Ind n$ . 
— He dwelt upon hinting that Indians should not be set up ag st . 
one another ; I told him for my part I scornd it & never was guilty 
of it. He said the Iroquois of Aughquisasne must drop those 
Notions of appropriating any Lands or Spots of Ground in 
Canada as they never had any in the french time, that the Abina- 
quis had as good a Right to be at Aughquisasne as they having 
been as it were but a day or two there before them. I told him 
the former had been several Years before them and pitched upon 
the Spot themselves as within the Limits of their & the 6 Nations 
hunting Ground, he said that if the Iroq s . persisted of having 
the S l . Francis Ind ns . remove from thence he would be oblidged 
to interpose, as he should not chuse to have [ ] in his 

Province, besides the Abinaq 5 . would soon get the better as they 
would have all the Mikmacs 1 & River Ind\ | I smiled 

1 An Algonquian nation below Quebec city and in the Maritime 

128 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and told him that as to that the others could | | formid- 

able Alliance, but that I was persuaded the for[ ] 

not enter so rashly into a War with the Allies of the 6 [Nations. 
] thus the Conversation broke off. 

Now you will please to know sir, that last fall after my leaving 
Montreal, Hartell obtained a Letter from the Gov r . consent [ing 
to] his residing at Aughquisasne, the Iroquois on his Arrival 
un[ ] to a Man opposed & refused him to stay, telling 

him they could not live [in] peace & Harmony while he was 
among them, as he delighted [in] making Mischief & Divisions 
among them in order to secure [his] Stay that they would advise 
him to return to Montreal peaceably otherwise they should be 
oblidged to use foul Means, repeating the [expressions the Gov r . 
questiond me ab l . Hartell asked them by whose Authority they 
would do it, they in a passion replied by mine, whereupon he got 
his Mother an envenom'd piece to write to the Gov r . (himself 
being incapable) and to wind him up to that pitch as to send 
positive Orders to the Iroquois to receive M r . Hartell without the 
least Opposition on their peril, & not to molest the Abinaquis in 
residing there, and they quietly submitted to it. (N. B. Hartell 
trades with the Abinaquis whose Interp r . he was formerly & now 
is reinstated.) 

On my return from Quebec I heard the Aughquisasne Indians 
came in a Body to Caghnawagey & wanted to see and speak with 
me, and on finding I was arrived they beg'd to be heard, I met 
them at Caghnawagey when they delivered me the inclosed Speech 
directed to you. After they had finished I gave them the Con- 
versation between me & the Gov r . asking them if ever I told them 
to tye M r . Hartell & send him to Montr 1 , they said they did not 
doubt this was M r . Hartells Story to the Gov. in order to carry 
his point; it was true they told him in a passion when he per- 
sisted of establishing himself for good in their V[illage] that if 
he would not peaceably leave their Town they should be oblidged 
to lay hands on him in the Manner I directed them [at the] 
Begins of my taking care of their Aff rs . w** 1 . was that when 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 129 

] Deserters or other Vagrants came to skrein them 
[selves among them not to har]bour them, but deliver them either 
[ ] or Military & in case of Resistance not to hurt 

them but secure them from escaping & bring them to Montreal. 
They said they were surprized the Gov r . would give Credit & 
dicieded upon a Frenchmans Story, before he heard that of an 
english Officers, that for their part they never could rely on any 
thing M r . Hartell told them since they knew him, that it seemd 
the Gov r took pleasure in Disputes since he encouraged those that 
set them on foot, that he ought not meddle in their domestick 
Aff rs . being an entire Stranger to them & would only cause Dis- 
order & Confusion among them; He lost his Cred 1 . w th . the 
Caghnaw s & Aughquis 5 : by this Stroke of Arbitrarism, he is 
found fault w th . for the same thing among the English both civil 
& military & is popular only w ,h . those french that flatter him & 
recive favours from him. The Caghnaw s & ca . dislike his appoint- 
ing and consulting with french People in their Aff rs . & say they 
will have nothing to say to them ; he caused Jealousies by giving 
Medals of a coarse make to the Loretto & S f . Francis Ind ns . by 
the hands of the Priests, and one to Otkwandageghte who has 
been deserted by the Swegachy Ind ns . & took up with those of S l . 
Francis at Aughquis 6 . The Commands. Officer of Montreal was 
ordered to deliver the latter & the Indian was so dashd & con- 
scious of not deserving it, that he would not wear it & gave it in 
care of M : Pillet. The Commiss". he had from Gov r . Vaudreuil 
was exchanged or rather translated in English, of w ch . I have a 

After I finished with the Aughquisasnes I went to Canegh- 
sadagey, those 3 Nat s . expecting me impatiently and on my 
Arriv 1 . shewed me more Respect than ever, by saluting me with 
the Discharge of 3 Cannon & 3 rounds of small Arms, their 
young Men finely dressed & drawn up in 2 Ranks to receive me 
at my Landing the Major with his Sword drawn & the Officers 
saluting with their Spontoons; The chiefs followed me to my 
Lodging & then addressed me with expressing their Joy on my 

130 Sir William Johnson Papers 

coming to see them, while I was [ [ them my Thanks 

for their civility, a Messenger came in from an Arundax chief of 
S d . Village, who I was told lay on his Death Bed better than a 
fortnight [to let] me know that since my Return from Quebec he 
waited for my A[rrival in ] Anxiety for fear he should die 
before he saw me & the [ ] I would not delay | 

] Cap*. M c Bean & Lady of the Artilb were in 
Compy. on [ ] Room, found him in a deep Consump- 

tion a mere Skeleton [ ] he stretched out his hand to 

me with a wishfull Loock, and said [ he was satisfied 

& could die contented, all he wanted with me [before he] died, 
was to recommend his Nation to me, & to continue that R[egard 
for] them, w ch . I allways showed them since I had the Care of 
them, that [their affairs] never were so well conducted than since 
under the Eng sh . Governm'. [&] should he have lived to see his 
former father the french Gov r . he [would have] reproached with 
never having that care taken of the Ind ns . then the [ 
EngR — This was interpr d . to me by the Priest & S f . John who is 
now employed by the Prov ce . they were oblidged to interpret 
justly there being [ ] Arund*. pres 1 . that understood 

french. I returned him thanks for his [ | told him was 

sorry to see him in y l . Condit". and assured him that I sho[uld] 
not alter my Disposition & good Wishes for the Wellfare of his 
& all other Nations of Ind ns . while under my Care & they behaved 
well, that he might be assured that all good & faithfull Ind ns . to 
the English would [always] be taken Notice of & countenanced 
& ca . I then took leave of him And he expired a couple of hours 
after. I saw him decently buried & the Ceremony of Condolence 
performed by a Caghnawy. chief [who] was w lh . me. 

This Country after suffering under a famine since last fall till 
within a fortn f . passt, during the latter time Wheat rose to 5 Doll rs 
p r french Bush 1 , and several poor people died for want: — Now 
enjoys a time of Plenty having had a rich harvest of all kinds of 
Grain. The Caghnawageys will never forget your Care & 
Goodness in sending them Seed Corn, without w ch . they say they 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 131 

must have starved this Winter, and are now allmost sure of a 
plentifull corn harvest, & getting into the Seed of sweeter Corn 
[than] they ever had, & in short are quite happy. 
Math w . Wade has failed & keeps close at home, his Bro r . Franc 
is here & has seized every thing he had, & there is a Writ out ag st . 
him for £300. Half". Cu [ ] I sent him last fall a Draft of 

M r . Phyns for £139.N.Y. to pay off some Ind n . Acc ts . for me, 
and I find he left ab f . 25 or 26 pounds unpaid w ch . I shall be 
oblidged to pay over ag n . I think it very hard. The inclosed 
Letter were delivered me from La Bay they contain I hear some 
Intelligence from that Quarter. 

The Indians will in a few days be gone on their Winters hunt, 
when I shall return home, in the interim I remain with Respect & 
Duty and Complim ts . to all the family 

Hon d . sir 

Your Obedient Son 

Dan. Claus 
[Sir William Johnson] Bar*. & ca 
This letter was to go 8 days ago by 
Cap 1 Gardner who went away 
without it before the Time | 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 432, is listed a letter of August 26th to 
the Earl of Hillsborough, giving an account of proceedings with the Six 
Nations, causes of discontent and jealousy, Monsr. Verchere's inflam- 
matory speech, Johnson's own relations with Indian commissaries, etc., 
frontier troubles and alarms and his policy of dividing the Indians, 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:948-54; Q, 2:549-52 and Doc. Rel. 
to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:183-86). 

132 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Contemporary Copy 1 

Copy of Speeches made by the Indians to \J. Colonel Wilkins 2 
Commanding at the Ilinois. In Answer to his Speech to them. — 
Mon Pere 

J'ay recu la parole que tu m'a Envoye tu as raison de me faire 
les juste reproches que tu me fais attendre que tu as l'esprit plus 
claire que moi, dis moi pour quel raison me fait tu ces reproche 
il y a des mes jeune Gens qui ont ete tue pour les interest de la 
Nation et pourquoi me fait tu ces reproche avant que mes jeune 
Gens furent tue je t'ai dis qu'il me faisoit pitie et qu il etoit flate 
de voir le jour Comme moi, Lorsque j'ay ete te voir cete Automne 
cela a Ete pour De Bonnes affaires may jay Ete trompe Vu que 
tu ma mal recu, je te Direri mieux mon sentiment dans mon Vil- 
lage; si tu Veux scavoir ce que jay Dans mon Coeur tu peux 
Venir me parler, jay resolu de perir avec les francois et anglois & 
suis fache de ne m'etre pas trouve Lorsque les poux ont fait 
insulte ce qui ma fait beaucoup de peine, mais je n'y etois pas, Car 
j'aure Expose ma Vie pour sauve ceux de la nation que j' aime, 
Crois tu mon Pere que je n'ai pas autant de Chagrin que toi de 

Voir que toutes les Nations Me tu tous les 

jours, je nay pas la bouche mauvaise, Mes 

Encetres m'ont toujours enseigne D'avoir 

pitie de nos femmes & nos enfans, jay le 

Coeur bon et je suis ce principe qu il m'ont 

toujours enseigne d'avoir pitie de nos 

jeune gens Vue qu ils sont tout nud, j'ai 

By the Words une toujours dit Lorsque j'ai parle a mon pere 

Goute de son lait are de me donner une Goute de son Lait pour 

meant, a little Rum. 4 faire rejouir mes jeune Gens, tu aurai Du 

me prevenir Davance, et pourquoi t'en 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.70, p. 563, London, England. 

2 Wilkins sent a speech to the Indians on the Wabash. 

3 Entendre. 

4 This and the succeeding marginal notes were attached by Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


prens tu a moi, Est ce Moi qui suis 
L'Auteur des Insultes que'on peut t'avoir 
fait, s'il y a de mauvais Gens je n'en suis 
pas la Cause, je te regarde comme mon 
Pere, Lorsque j'ai eu de Gens de ma 
Nation De tue tu a toujours Couvert mes 
morte, pourquoi te Voutrois 1 du mal, 
toutes les nations, qui sont le long Des 
rivieres ne m'ont jamais Couvert mes 
morte, il n'y a que toi, par quel raison me 
veux tu du mal, tu m'a dis a moimeme que 
nous t'avions ete recommende par nos 
Peres cy devant francois, je suis Etonne 
que tu Veux te fache si vite. 
Est ce la la recom- 
mendation que t'ont 
fait nos Peres 

Lorsque tu ma Dit cela fay cru que tu me soutiendrois toujours 
comme faisoit nos peres francois mais je vois par tes menaces que 
tu ne me regarde pas comme ton fils ; si tu es oblige de me parler 
tu me fairois Plaisir de n'avoir que un Interprete Cela Vautroit 2 
mieux, et non te servir De plusieurs qui peuvent t'interprette mal 
ce qu on te Dis — je serai flatte que tu Vienne me parler toimeme 
pour avoir pitie De nos femmes et De nos enfans, et si quelques 
peaux Rouges te font Du mal je Scaurai soutenir tes Interests au 
peril De ma Vie — 

Voila mon pere ce que j'ai a te Dire — 
Fin de la premiere reponse Du Chef 
Maringouin — 
Second Conseil Du Chef Maringouin — 
Je pance a ce que tu m'a dis je n'ai point De tord pourquoi tu 
me parle De Cette facon pendant que je suis Dans la tristesse et 

1 Voudrois. 

2 Vaudroit. 

134 Sir William Johnson Papers 

que je pleure fort, La malice me revenir et je pourai fraper ce que 
je trouverai, aparament que tu as Envie que je fasse du mal 
partout ou je me pourrai trouver puisque je dois mourir bientot — 
tu me fait des reproches que c'est toi qui a retenu les Chavanons, 
c'est moi aussi qui a retenu les gens d'anhaut, Depuis que tu es 
dans ce pays il riy a que toi qui a cause Des malheurs qui nous 
sont arrive, une preuve de ce que je te Dis, est que le Chemin Des 
Illinois ici est rempli des os Des mes freres, je crois que tu me re- 
garderois comme ton fils si j'etois commes les Chavonons, le 
Loups, Les Iroquois, et beaucoup d'auttre Nations qui ont De tes 
gens Esclaves Chez eux, mais chez ma Nation tu n'en Vois pas, 
et pour une insulte que Ion t a fait tu nous fait bien de menaces, 
je regarde les gens de las qui t'ont fait des grosse insulte, qui ont 
ete Dans ton sang jusqu'a la jarretiere, et nous pour un petit in- 
sulte tu nous faisoit Des granes Menaces — Mon Chemin est beau 
il n'y a point a ce faire de mal mais aujourdhui je ne vois que de 
mes os partout — 

Conseil De la Grande Cadenette 
Chef de Guerre et de Village 
Mon Pere 

By this they mean je ne veux point aller to Voir Vu que si je 

that the deaths of voyois Les os De mes freres cela pouroit 

their Friends are me facher, si tu Veux me parler il vaux 

fresh in their remem- mieux que tu Vienne ici, Mon pere les 

brance & if they francois m'a dit de suivre son Chemin et 

came to our Settle- que je n'y trouverois jamais d'embuches, 

ments they might mais depuis que tu ici Von ne vois que des 

do Mischief — This os de ma Nation partout, & ceux de mes 

whole Speech to freres, il y a long terns que je t'aurai fait 

those acqainted with du mal si jeusse suivi ce que les autre 

the stile of the In- Nation m'ont dis, mes si tu es sur les 

dians is very Expres- Terres de nos peres les francois, et j'aurois 

sive of their discon- ete fache de repandre une Goute de ton 

tent, & of their love sang, C'est pourquoi je retiens mon Coeur, 

for the French. pourquoi t en prens tu a ma Nation, et 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 135 

nous fait les reproches que tu nous fait, je 
pance quelques personnes qui te font les 
reporte contre nous par Jalousie, C'est 
pourquoi tu ne Veux que nous voyons le 
jour que par rencontre — Cette Branche 
de porcelaine Affirme ma Parole — 

Conseil de Hannanas Chef de Guerre et 
De Village — 

Mon Pere 

aparament que tu crois que je ne serai 

pas capable De rien Lorsque tu me 

privera de poudre et De balles, tu dois 

scavoir que je scais me servir de Bois pour 

faire mes armes et que avec ce meme bois 

N. ye tue Des hommes, tu dois etre persuade 

Here is a plain que mon pere les francois ne me laisserai 

Declaration of their pas mourir et quil me donnera mes besoins, 

reliance on France. ye mourrai en tenant sa main si tu me fait 

la Guerre, tu me prens pour une Bete qui 
est prive de la Raison, Croy tu qu'en ayant 
n'y poudre ny Balles je murrai de faim, 
By this they mean non, et Dans le Collier que tu nous envoi 
that the Message & il y a un homme qui nous bouche Le 
belt to them was of Chemin, Crois tu que nous ne comprenons 
such a Nature as to pas cela quoique je n'ai pas autant 
prevent all future In- d'esprit que toi. — 

tercourse with the Voila pourquoi je te dis ce que je te 

English. The re- Dis, tu Crois que je suis Orphelin, mes 
mainder of this tous les Gens De ces rivieres et tout les 
speech is very severe peaux rouges apprenderont ma mort, vient 
& is in fact, That we ici je te dirai mon sentiment, tu me parle 
are unable to hurt des Etoilles et que tu es aussi nombreux 
them, but that they quelles sont au del, les Etoilles qui tom- 
can easily destroy bent ne font point de mal, et bien moi je 
our People — suis comme les arbres Dans les forests Et 

136 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Lorsque un arbre tombe il fait Du mal et 
tue un homme. — Cette Procelaine afnrme 
ma Parole. 

Fin — 

The Speeches made at the Ilinois & at other places are gen- 
erally taken by French Interpreters, who are men of very little 
learning, this will account for the badness of the French & the 
errors of Orthography, It being an Exact Copy. — It is to be 
observed that in all Speeches even at the Eve of a War, the 
Indians use some softening Expressions to Extort favors, but as 
amongst themselves the bare expression that they are Angry is 
always Considered as a Declaration of War, Their Sentiments 
will appear pretty obvious from the foregoing Speeches. — 

It should also be noted that the first of these Speeches comes 
from the Old Sachem, & is of Course more humble & mild than 
those of the Head Warriors which follow, & agreable to Whose 
Characters Expresses more truly the sense of the Nation. 

INDORSED Copy of Speeches from 
the Indians to L l . Colonel 
Wilkins Commanding at 
the Ilinois. — 
In Sir W m . Johnson's 
(N°. 11) of 26 Aug 1 769. 1 

My Father: 

I have received the word which you sent me. You are right 
in uttering the just reproaches which I hear from you since your 
mind is clearer than mine, but tell me for what reason you utter 
these reproaches. Some of my young people have been killed on 
account of the Nation, and why do you utter these reproaches? 
Before my young people were killed, I said to you that they 

1 Johnson's letter of August 26th to the Earl of Hillsborough, printed 
in Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:183-86. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 137 

excited my pity, and that they were as glad to live as I. When 
I came to see you that autumn, that was to engage in an honest 
transaction, but I was deceived. Since you received me badly, 
I shall tell you my feelings better in my village; if you wish to 
know what I have in my heart, you can come to speak to me. I 
have resolved to die with the French and English and am sorry 
that I was not present when the Pottawatamies committed an 
offense, a thing which has caused me much regret, but I was not 
there, for I would have risked my life to save those of the nation 
which I love. Do you think, my father, that I do not feel as 
much sorrow as you when all the nations are slaying me every 
day? I have not an evil mouth. My forefathers always taught 
me to feel pity for our women and our children, I have a good 
heart and I follow this principle, which they always taught me, 
to feel pity for our young people. Since they are quite naked, 
I have always, when speaking to my father, asked him to give me 
a drop of his milk to make my young people rejoice. You ought 
to have been beforehand with me in this. And why do you cast 
blame on me? Am I the author of the injuries which you may 
have received? If there are bad people, I am not the cause. I 
look on you as my father. When I have had people of my 
nation killed, you have always covered my dead. Why should 
I bear you ill will? None of the nations along the rivers have 
ever covered my dead ; it is you alone. For what reason do you 
bear me ill will? You have told me myself that we were recom- 
mended to you by our former French fathers. I am astonished 
that you are so quickly made angry. Is that the recommenda- 
tion which our fathers made to you? 

When you told me that, I believed that you Would always sus- 
tain me as our French fathers used to do, but I see by your threats 
that you do not look upon me as your son. If you are obliged 
to speak to me, you would give me pleasure by having only one 
interpreter — that would be better, and not to employ several 
who may interpret badly what is said to you. I shall be pleased 
to have you come to speak to me yourself if you pity our women 

138 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and our children; and, if any redskins do you harm, I shall be 
able to look out for you even at the peril of my life. 
This, my father, is what I have to say to you — 
End of the first response of Chief Maringouin — 

Second Speech of Chief Maringouin — 
I am thinking of what you said to me. I am no way in the 
wrong, that you should speak to me in this manner. While I 
am in sorrow and weeping, evil passion may overcome me and 
I may strike anything I find. Apparently you wish me to do 
mischief wherever I may be since I am soon to die — You tell me 
in reproach that you restrained the Shawanese; but I restrained 
the upper nations. Since you entered this country you alone 
have caused the misfortunes which have come upon us. A proof 
of what I say is that the road of the Illinois here is covered with 
the bones of my brothers. I believe that you would look upon 
me as your son, if I were like the Shawanese, the Delawares, the 
Iroquois, and many other nations which hold some of your people 
among them as slaves. But you see none in my nation ; and be- 
cause of an insult which someone has offered, you make many 
threats against us. I see people living beyond us who have 
offered you gross insults, who have waded in your blood up to 
the knee, and for a slight injury you made great threats against 
us. My road is fine, no evil is done there, but today I see only 
my bones everywhere. — 

Speech of the great Cadenette 

Chief of war and of the village 
My Father: 

I will not go to see you, because, if I saw the hones of my 
brothers, that might rouse my anger. If you want to speak to 
me, it would be better for you to come hither. My father, the 
French, told me to follow his road, and that I would find no 
ambushes in it, but while you are here We see only the bones of 
my nation everywhere and those of my brothers. I should have 
done you injury a long time ago if I had followed what the other 

PosiWar Period, 1763-1774 139 

nations advised. But since you are on the lands of our fathers 
the French, and I should have been sorry to spill a drop of your 
blood, that is why I hold my heart in. Why do you blame my 
nation and utter the reproaches which you cast at us? I think 
there are persons who out of jealousy bring stories against us to 
you. That is why you let us live just by chance. 
This belt will sustain my word. 

Speech of Hananaa, Chief of war and of the village 
My Father 

Apparently you think that I shall not be capable of anything 
when you deprive me of powder and ball. You must know that 
I know how to use wood to make my weapons and that with 
this same wood I kill men. You must be convinced that my 
father the French will not let me die and that he will satisfy my 
Wants. I shall die holding his hand if you make War on me. 
You take me for a beast that is destitute of reason, Think you 
that, having neither powder nor ball, I shall die of hunger? No, 
and in the belt which you send us there is a man who shuts up the 
road between us. 1 Do you think that we do not understand that, 
though I have not as much wit as you ? 

This is the reason that I say to you what I say. You think 
that I am an orphan; but all the people of these rivers and all 
the redskins will learn of my death. Come, I will speak my 
feelings. You talk to me of the stars, and say that you are as 
numerous as they are in the sky. The stars that fall hurt noth- 
ing. As for me I am as the trees in the forests; and, when a 
tree falls, it does harm and kills a man. This belt supports my 


1 See fourth marginal note opposite the French. 

140 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

New york August 27 th 1769 
Dear Sir 

I am favoured with yours' of the 1 9 th2 Ins 1 : and am truely con- 
cerned that you still feel the Effects of the hurt you got in the 
Indian Country, which will require rest and Care to get the better 

Lieu*. Col°. Wilkins did not send me the answer he got to his 
Speech, 3 tho' I received a Copy of that you have Sent me from 
the Detroit ; I formed the Same opinion with yourself concerning 
the Speech as Soon as it came to hand, and wished it had been 
drawn in Terms far different from what it is. You observe well 
that Threats only irritate, and it is best to let them alone, or if 
you determine upon Hostilities to strike at once. 

You will observe, that the Intelligence by way of the Detroit 
concerning the Attack on the Boat in the ouabache. differs from 
Lieu'. Col°. Wilkins's Report. The first charging the Poutea- 
tamies with the Commission of that Action, and the Colonel 
lays the Blame on the Piankashaws. Silver Heels however will 
be able to clear up that Matter, as he must know What Nation 
it was that made the Attack. It is not impossible that they were 
mixed, and Some of both Nations concerned. The puting the 
Indian of the Six Nations to Death when they had a Prisoner, 
and refusing to deliver him to Colonel Wilkins seems very extra- 

I have received Nothing new from the Side of Fort Pitt. The 
Confederacy you Mentioned that the Shawnese and Delawares 
had entered into May have been occasioned by the Cessions 
Made by the Six Nations as it is positively said those Indians 
will not allow us to Settle on the ceded Lands. 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 The 17th? 

3 See supra the copy sent by Johnson with his letter of August 26th 
to the Earl of Hillsborough. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 141 

Some Letters I have received from the Southward Mention 
Several Skirmishes between the Cherokees and the N orthwards 
notwithstanding the Peace concluded between them. They call 
them all Northwards without distinguishing any particular 
Nation. Several have been killed on both Sides. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
Humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
P: S: 

You will be so good 
when you write to the Detroit 
to send some Directions concerning 
the two Prisoners delivered up by 
the Pouteatamies. 

T G 
Sir W m : Johnson Bar 1 . 
INDORSED: N York 27 th . August 1769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

Ans d . 12 th Sept r . 

D/. 1 
Johnson-hall Augt 27*. 1769 

Agreable to what I mentioned in my Letter of the 1 7 th Inst I 
now inclose you a Receipt Signed by the Chiefs of each Nation 
for the Ammount of the Proprietaries purchase which I paid to 
each Nation in the most publick Manner during my late Tour, 
and for which they Expressed their Thanks and appeared very 
well Satisfied, — My delivering it to them in their own Country, 
was not only the more agreable to them, as they were not Exposed 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

142 Sir William Johnson Papers 

so much to throw it away upon Rum, but as I had also other 
buisness there much Lessened the Expence to the Proprietaries, so 
that the Accot which I herewith inclose you including Expresses 
to Notify it &ca will I dare say be found agreable — 

The Temper of the Ind s . about Ohio which now begins to be 
Alarming, was mentioned to me by all the six Nations & by them 
represented, to take its rise as well from the many Instances of ill 
treatment, they had met with on the frontiers since the peace, as 
from the Withdrawing that bounty and protection they had been 
accustomed to receive from those who had the management of 
the Trade &ca at the posts, And I am certain these are some of 
their principal Motives, I cannot help therefore reminding you 
how necessary it appears for Pennsylvania to make an Adequate 
provision for some proper Inspectors to prevent Abuses in Trade 
&ca & for Interpreters and Smiths at such places as are most fre- 
quented by those of your Province And as I am not taking such 
Steps as are in my power for diverting the Storm, & preventing 
the Adopting any measures of a dangerous tendency at the ensu- 
ing Meeting to be held at Onondaga so I shall Chearfully co- 
operate in any thing [within my] power or Influence for 
rendering the benefits of p[eace and] Commerce lasting to 
Pennsylvania. — y 

I shall be glad to be Informed as nearly as possible of the 
Time & place for the Indians to attend the running the Line of 
the late purchase and remain with great regard 

Sir, &ca 
[ ] Honble 

[John] Penn 

INDORSED: Augt 27 th 1769 
To the Honble 
L' Gov r Penn, with 
The Indians Acquittance for 
the Pennsylvania purchase. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 143 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady Aug* 1 . 28 ih . 1769 

The Hurry of Business that seemed to be on your hands, when 
last I had the pleasure of seeing you, prevented me from fully 
Explaining to you the Cause of my going up, besides that of pay- 
ing my Respects to you — 

As I have laid my Situation & Distresses truly before Colo 1 . 
Johnson, I will not trouble you with a disaggreable Detail therof, 
but upon the whole as my Affairs have turn'd out Altogether so 
Unlucky, I do not Conceive I have any Choice to make of my 
own, but that my family must be my whole Consideration, and 
for that purpose, am determined to persevere in my Business with 
the Utmost Assiduity, & as much as in my power, model myself 
to the disposition of the people of the Country and in Short do 
any thing not derogatory to the Character of a Gentleman — 

Business here is not to be had, house rent is too high, & the 
Inhabitants very Extorting & Unsociable, and so wanting in 
Humanity that a person is despised for that which shoud at Least 
Induce them to Condolance and pity Distress and the Longer I 
Stay here the more time I shall Waste, and my Circumstances 
grow worse, if worse they can be — 

These Considerations have induced me to determine on quitting 
the place at any Rate as soon as my time of the house wherein I 
now live, is Expired which will be the middle of October next, 
& if it be Aggreable to you and that you woud Build a house on 
it the next Summer, wou'd take a Lott in Johnstown, on the same 
terms and rent that other people hold under you, and in the mean 
time wou'd Endeavour to gett any Small place, was it but two 
Rooms, to put my family in untill Then; — 

If this be Aggreable to you, which I hope it may, I flatter my- 
self, as I shou'd observe the Strictest & most Circumspect Rules 
in my Conduct I might be favord with your protection, to deserve 
which I shall Study and do all in my power — 

144 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Permitt me to request you will, when Convenient, favor me 
with a Line on this matter which Will much oblidge 

Sir, with the greatest Respect & 
Esteem, Your most Humble and 
Obed 1 . Servant 

Dudley Davis 

Accept my Hearty thanks for your present, which I have 

received — 
indorsed: 1 August 28 th . 1769 

M r . Dudley Davis Letter 

Ans rd . 5 th . 7 br . 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady 28 lh August 1769 

I am favoured with your letter incloseing the Receipt for 
£3023 : 12 :3^4. the Money was paid me all right by M r Newton 
the mistake of the £ 10 in N° 6 is made by me owing to altering 
some of the parcels in making up the few drafts You made on me. 
I have therefore inclosed a Ten pound Bill which puts all matters 
right. I am concern'd my neglect shou'd occasion you trouble, 
inclosed I return your former Receipt together with a coppy of 
another for the Whole Sum; Which do me the favour to sign, 
M r . Adams or any of the Gentlemen about you will inclose it to 
me & save you that piece of trouble 

I have only to make you offer of Ni™. Phyns Comp ,s & with 
constant wishes for your enjoying perfect health & happiness I 
have the honor of being Sir 

Your Obed 1 & much Obliged Hum Serv 1 

James Phyn 
indorsed: 1 August 28 th . 1769 
M r . J $ . Phyns Letter 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 145 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 333, under August 28th, is entered a 
list of names of Indian) children in the free school at Fort Hunter, arranged 
by tribes, Bear, Wolf and Turtle (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:417; 
Q, 4:261). 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 433, is entered an undated list of scholars 
at the free school at Johnstown — 45 in number (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 4:416; Q, 4:261). 


A. L. S. 

[New York, August 29, 1769] 
] favour the Errand of this is to Cover the 
Enclose! [letter received] the other Day from Mr Chew along 
with 2 packages [ ] Can for you which I hope you 

will receive Safe [Mr Kempe] has Sent me a Letter desiring me 
to forward it to you [which I have] accordingly done by this 
Opportunity of Capt Lansing, He tells [me that he writes] you 
about Some Lands He has located for a mandamus of his [and] 
which it Seems there is Some Dispute about, the Nature of which 
I [do not] understand, but I fancy He will Sufficiently describe 
to you ; He | | me to begg the Favour of your kind In- 

terposition in his Favour in this [affair] which I imagine it will be 
almost needless for me to do, because [I am] confident you have 
So much Friendship for M r Kempe, as to be very willing [ 

him provided it can be done conistantly; However I 
Shoud be very [happ]y if you coud do any thing for him in this 
Affair, because I am told [ ] of a good deal of Con- 

sequence to Him 

I flatter myself you are recovered of your Hurt before now, 

146 Sir William Johnson Papers 

which | ] shall hear with great Pleasure & in the Mean 

time remain with [ ] Esteem 

Sir Your most Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

<$ Capt Lansing 1 

with a Barrell & a Box 
to be Sent to Mr Van Eps 
In Schenectady 

A. L. S. 1 
[Michilimackinak, Aug. 29, 1769] 

I 1 

was at a loss [ ] hearing that the 

] Employ at the Other posts, I 
] him to Stay, but he has been [ ] 

Glazier, he would not consent. I kept [ ] trip the 

Vessell made, as the Indians [ ] Staying & Glazier 

said he would allow h [ ] but he did not keep his Word. 

Inclosed you have some papers beg yo[u will] Stop the 
Amount of them in your hands. I am to Stay the next trip of 
the Vessell, having some money due to me, by people not yet 
come from North West. I have repeated mention'd the Speech 
the Ottawas made to have a Commissary interpreter & Smith I 
now inclose it to you Johnson [ ] the Calumet, I find it 

impossible to throw off the Chief the Indians will Visit me, beg 
so hard in your name for rum, & wheedle so much they have had 

1 "About trouble between Johnson (John Johnston ?) and Capt. 
Glazier and affairs at that post." — Johnson Calendar, p. 433. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 147 

already 1 Eight Gallen Kegs of me. I am sure was I to At- 
tempt to follow trade they would still expect presents so that I am 
at a loss what way of life to try 

By Letters from Detroit, it seems they Expect Indian affairs to 
be on the former footing indeed every [ ] 

[ ] 

cro]wn my Eff[orts ] 

been set Out before [ ] to hand, but as 

it was, my Canoe was bought [ ] hands hired, no 

person can be a judge of the Expence a Man is at, at this place 
who has no Kings provision but those that try it. therefore I 
hope you'll continue your goodness to me, & make me such an 
allowance in Your September Accounts as you shall think ade- 
quate to my expense & loss of time 

M r . Weatherhead's friend Mentford had the Case of Tobacco 
& other things for me, of which I received but two barrels of rum 
Out of 6 & only the other day a tierce of Tobacco quite rotten, 
tho they left Albany the Spring 1 758 I am realy unlucky 

My Sincere good wishes attend you & your family I long much 
to see you, which I shall make haste to do before the frost sets in 
I am with the greatest grattitude & respect 

Your most Obeed 1 humb Servant 

B Roberts 

S R . Will m . Johnson Baronet 
Please to Stop from Interpreter Tuckers Accounts 
£34.19.6 York 

INDORSED : Michilimackinac 29 th Aug'- 

L*. Roberts Letter with 
Inclosures — 

148 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contemporary Copy 

[August 29 1 769] 1 

You Spoke truth when you [ ] 

desired to listen with both y [ ] 

Customary for us to Speak to one another. 

Children It has likewise been [ ] 

would live in friendship with all His Majestys Subjjects] as 
Your happiness depends upon it. 

A string of Six Rows. 

I look on You with Compassion and when you are in necessity 
do what I can to ease you besides this his Majesty is at a great 
expence in paying a Smith & Interpreter for your Service — 

The Vessell is not kept there for us alone she is to carry pro- 
vision to support those who bring you your Cloathing & Amuni- 
tion &c & consequently ought to be as dear to you as us. 

]mands the Vessell a[t] present has it not in his 
] much as the late Commander as he is ord [ 

you expect it from him, but his intention is 

| in peace and friendship with you, and any [servjice that 

you are of to him in assisting him will always be reccompenced. 


The String shall remain here according to your Desire and the 
Gen 1 , shall be acquainted with it 

We have heerd of M r . Sinclairs arrivall at N York and Per- 
haps in some months hence we may hear of his arrivall in Eng- 
land, — and we can assure you that every body here woud be 
very glad He woud Return Provided it is agreeable to him. 

Children. As to the Game the people at the vessell never hunt 

1 Date supplied from Johnson Calendar. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 149 

so they can not make it scarce, & before there was a Vessel there, 
you did not receive the same benefits you have done since — 


We know you have been of Service at different times in getting 
the Vessell up the rapids for which reason your present necessitys 

] [ha]ve a little Cloathing 
for your Children [ ] [ ] your young 

Men. But it is expected [ ] with Capt n . 

Robinson & all his Majesty's Subjects in the same [ ] you 

have done heretofore, & not expect things from [ 
is not in his power to give, always keeping in Your m [inds 
solemn engagements you have enter'd into at different ti[mes 
with] your father S r W. Johnson. 

A String of ten Rows — 
They return'd many thanks saying our words went to their 
Heart & we Should have no reason to find the least fault with 
their behavior, & that their intention was to live in the same 
friendly manner with us that they had hitherto done. 

Some of their people was then Interogated regarding some 
thing they Should have said about Belts coming this year from the 
Hurons in the Name of the Six Nations Shawanese & Delawares, 
but they said they had not made such report neither did they 
know any thing of the kind. — 

] & fourteen of the most Considerd 

] ind of the reason of the movements they 

| saying they were much surpriz'd what could 

they professed great friendship for all his Majesty [s] 

from the preparations they saw they were alarm'd that 

] had been made of them they were ready to vindicate 

themselves. That instead of being concerned or knowing of any 

[ev]il design, they were never more quiet, that they had not taken 

the precautions necessary for such an undertaking not having 200 

Ball in their Village & believe the other Nations had as little — 

150 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson-hall Augt 30 th . 1769. 
Dear Sir/ 

I am favored with your Letters of the 20 th . and 21 st . of this 
Ins* and I most Cordially express my thanks for the Candour with 
which you have favored me with your thoughts on them Subjects ; 
I shall only Observe farther thereon that when the Indians are ill 
disposed they make use of a thousand little Circumstances in 
Justification of their Conduct ; — But the real Cause is founded 
on their aversion to us, their regard for the French, and their not 
partaking of favors equal to their Expectations, however unrea- 
sonable all this may appear, I am fully Convinced that it is the 
case, and that it is farther excited by the unjustifiable behavior of 
the Frontier Settlers who have often since the peace Murdered 
Innocent Indians some of them of Nations who have not been at 
War during any of the late Troubles, Robberies have been com- 
mitted on both sides, but as to Murders they may be confined to 
Nations to the Westward during that period, and often occasioned 
by the intrigues of the French who did not like any others amst. 
them, This last is one of the Consequences of allowing a Trade 
at large in the Indian Country which I long ago observed to 
Government would be monopolized by the French to the ex- 
clusion of others, this we now find from the Conduct & declara- 
tions of the Indians, & the reports from all Quarters is actually 
the Case — It is likewise very probable that some of the Nations 
finding the 6 Nations greatly diminished will pretend to rights 
they never before dreamed of, and that they may have viewed 
the late presents for the Cession with Jealous Eyes, but 
there was no avoiding of this, for theirs is the right beyond 
doubt, Neither was it possible with any reasonable Sum to 
satisfy the demand [ ] those who might 

for the sake of Gain set up ] I am Satisfied 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, J 763-/774 151 

that the 6 Nat s . & even the Chiefs of the Shawanese Delawares 
] attended to a greater Number than ever before 
appeared on any occasion whatsoever 

Indeed I am in hopes that should it appear that any others pre- 
tend to be disatisfied with the Cession made by the six Nations, 
&ca, (w h . I have not as yet learned) it may be made a good use 
of with the latter, for This I should observe that tho' all the rest 
should take arms against us, the six Nations can in general be 
prevented from joyning them, but should the six Nations in gen- 
eral Attack us ; all the rest would imediately follow their example. 

I was averse to the peace between the Northern & Southern 
Indians, and only effected it in obedience to Government, for I 
have often remarked that the more disunited they are, the better 
it is for us, and if We thoroughly consider the State & disposition 
of the Indians, who may be peculiarly distinguished from all 
others having no Shadow of Laws and Scarcely any Appearance 
of Government, enjoying Liberty even to Licentiousness extremely 
Jealous & Revengefull passionately fond of War, and preserving 
that Spirit by frequent Quarrells with their Neighbours, We can- 
not expect to keep them in Temper but at an Expence too great 
(at least in the Opinion of Government) for the Object, Conse- 
quently all that can be Expected from the present Establishment 
is to keep some of them in our Interest, and endeavor to divide 
the rest, and I am hopefull that the Constant pains I take and the 
Influence which I know I have over many of them will at least 
have these Effects. 

Capt MacLeods & Lt Hays Accots as Ind n . Commissaries to 
y e . 25 th . March last did not arrive in time to be transmitted with 
my Last, neither did they reach me thro Miscarriage till the other 
day they both in Much Want of the Money. 

MacLeods Acct is £ [ ] & Hays £283 .12.2. they are 

both properly certified by the Comd§. [ ] is of Expences 

from the 24 th . of March to the 1 1 th of [ ] reason by 

Capt Tumbull, That notwithstanding the reform, Yet as the 
Provinces had not Sent any person to act at Detroit & that the 

152 Sir William Johnson Papers 

service required it, the Articles therein Mentioned had been given 
with his approbation. MacLeods Expences except £32 were 
Incurred before the reform took place, [as my Expences are now 
I suppose to be Confined to the £4000 <$ Ann, so small a Sum 
for the Sev 1 . purposes requires to be Well Husbanded & there- 
fore as there is a Considerable Loss on purchasing Goods here, I 
think it best to send for about twelve hundred pounds Worth at a 
time to London if you will Incline to advance it this fall so as to 
enable me to remit a Bill in order to purchase at the Cheapest 
rate. 1 ] 2 If you Judge it requisite, I will on hearing from You, 
Send the Acc ,s with the Vouchers — 
P. S. I am given to understand, 
that the purchase which occasioned 
so much Discourse at New York is declined 
by the Purchaser. 

indorsed: August 30 th . 1769 
To Gen 1 . Gage 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 433, is entered a letter of August 31st 
from Hugh Gaine, New York, explaining a delay in sending prayer 
books (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:417; Q, 4:262). 


A. D. S. 

August, 1769 

Sir William Johnson 

To Robert Picken D r 

] Aug 1 . 1 769 To 5 Days laying off your pro- 
portion of the Tienuderrah 

1 Words in italics and in brackets crossed out in the original. 

2 The following sentence is in Johnson's hand. 

th £ 


5 15 

2 5 

3 15 

£16 15 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 153 

Tract, from the Tienuderrah 
River to the Odiga Creek 1 
To 5 D°. of 7 Men, 2 at 4 
and 5 at 3 s ty 
To 5 D°. of 3 Horses at 3 s 
To Provisions 

Sir/ please to Settle the above Ace* with Col. Croghan, as He 
has settled the Whole Acc ,s with me for Col. Morriss & M r 
Upton's Surveys this being you proportion for the Time I was 
doing your Part 

I am Sir 

your hum Serv* 


S R William Johnson Bart. 



Johnson-hall Sepf. 1 st . 1769 

I am favored with your Excellencys Letter of the 2 1 sl . together 
with one from M r Livingston inclosing Col: Johnsons Commis- 
sion who presents his Most respectfull Compliments to you, and 
is fully persuaded of your kind Intentions in Ordering it. but I 
take the liberty to remind you of the Commission for 
Vrooman as Major to Coll Sternberg ['s] Regiment at Scohare 
which is not yet come to hands. 

I hope that you may be more Successful at the Approaching 
Session in Obtaining an Adequate provision for the Necessary 
Officers for the management of Trade &ca This is an Object of 
very great concern to the Indians & particularly at a time when 

1 See Aboriginal Place Names of New York, p. 44, 172, 173, and 
Guy Johnson's map, Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:1090; Q, 4:660. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

3 A space is vacant in the manuscript. 

J 54 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Licentiousness of the frontier Inhabitants of the Colonies to 
the southward of this, Joyned to the Artifices of the French at 
Misisipi & in the Indian Country threaten us with a rupture. — In 
the present disagreable situation of Affairs which the unreason- 
able Expectations of the Ind s . (now no longer Gratified as they 
have been) has contributed to/ I find these frontier people as 
Licentious as the Most savage Nations, a Young Indian of a 
Family distinguished for their unalterable Attachment to the 
English was a few weeks Since fired on and killed as he was fish- 
ing at Susquehanna Meerly because he was an Indian, & 30 of 
the Inhabitants have since seized on a Trader who with 25 Horses 
Loaded was going to Trade at Fort Pitt Confiscated the greatest 
part of his goods and threatned all who shall attempt to go a 
Trading that way. The peculiar disposition & State of the In- 
dians, The Conduct & Artifices of the French who by the 
Latitude given to Trade at Large have as I expected & repre- 
sented Monopolized the Western Trade. The Ind s . now pub- 
lickly refusing to admit others into their Country & the other 
Motives which appear to them of much consequence may pos- 
sibly bring on a War, whilst the Government [ 
at so dear a price as the Gratification of all Exp[ 
been ignorantly Said that the Colonies or Some [ 
peace at a Very little Expence formerly, & that theref [ore since 
the] reduction of Canada they may be freed from Expence or 
App [ointments] This is a very plausible Argument to One who 
knows nothing about the Matter, but the Case is the very reverse, 
and the Greatest Ene[my] to this Country, could not do it a 
more Sensible injury than that of [ | propagating such an 

Opinion, for If I don't mistake I once observed [to] you that 
before the reduction of Canada We in general hardly know the 
names and situations of one half of those Nations with whom We 
have since entered into Treatys and began an Intercourse, & 
great as we may have Judged of ourselves from our Numbers, the 
Situation of that single Colony Joined to the Superior Activity of 
the French eclipsed us so far that we were by some Scarcely 
known & by many little noticed — In many speeches both to the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 155 

French & ourselves they called us a Society of Men who Minded 
Gain & hated fighting, The Ind s . more distant Scarcely be- 
stowed a thought on us, but when we conquered Canada an In- 
tercourse Was of Consequence opened with Nations Numerous & 
power full who astonished at our success & Strongly prejudiced 
against Us by the last Speeches & belts from the French were, 
and are Jealous of us in a high degree & Still fancy that they can 
at the least prevent our Encrease by frequent Quarrells In all 
which they are seconded & advised by the French yet in the 
Country of which there are ample Testimonies, And as we have 
not hitherto thought it necessary to apply the only remedy (Ex- 
tirpation excepted which I fancy is not altogether Eligible) they 
are likely to Continue troublesome to us, and all that can be done 
in the present state of things is to divide them in their [ 
& retain the fidelity of a part which I flatter myself it is in my 
power to do at all Events, and to which all My Endeavors, In- 
fluence, Health & rest shall be devoted, heartily Wishing that 
the Provinces may Consider it their Interests to Cooperate in 
those parts recom [mended] to them by Government, & that in a 
manner adequate to the occ[asion] for otherwise, it is doing 

As to the Application which [ ] the principal 

Inhabitants of this River & adjacent settlem ts . It points out the 
reasonableness of fixing the Lower bounds of the New proposed 
County, at the Upper bounds of the Township of Schenectady 
Which for the reasons therein given is Certainly the most Natural, 
& attended in every point of View with the fewest Inconveniences, 
So that I am Confident Your attention to the Interests of this 
Growing Country will incline you to Countenance it . . . This is 
the Sum of their Application but I shall get a Copy of it for 
Your More particular Information. 

I wish I could Satisfy your kind enquirys by informing you 
that I am recovered of that Accident I met with, but altho' it has 
a much more promising appearance than was Expected I am as 
yet scarcely able to Walk about. 
I take the Liberty of 

156 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sending you the inclosed because I am 

at a Loss what to say to the Writer who 

has applied to me sev 1 Times on the subject. 

He is a Man of property & Good Character, 

& has been above 20 Years a Capt, he seems 

to Apprehend that he has been injured by some of the late 

Appointments thro the Influence of some persons 

in that Neighbourhood who he mentions in a former Letter had 


Improper Men to y r Excell^ his last paragraph 

seems founded on a Mistake for I don't recollect 

having recommended any persons w'ever in that 

part of the Country, and If I had 

I could not give Credit to that part of his Information 

You will excuse my freedom in Sending it, as I thought 

it my duty to do so. 

[His Excell]cy Sir H Moore Bart. 

indorsed: Sept r . 1 st . 1769 

To Sir Henry Moore Bart 

N. Sir H Moore died very soon after 


A. L. S. 

N York Sept 4 1769 
Sir William 

The Pacquet in 5 Weeks & 6 days from England tells us of 
great Uneasinesses susisting between King & people. The Citi- 
zens of London, headed by Beckford, Sawbridge & Townshend 
all very popular partizans of Wilkes's Cause, have declared 
most vehemently against the Measures of administration in an 
address presented by them with the Lord Mayer from the Livery 
of London which you will find printed in the newspapers. The 
principal Counties of England are following the City's Example. 
The Mediation and superior Address of Lord Chatham may pos- 
sibly be a match for these unhappy Differences but should his 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 157 

Interpostion be ineffectual the sober part of the Nation are in 
the last Apprehensions for the Consequences, Lord Chatham cer- 
tainly leans to the Ministry but yet he cannot reco[ver] the 
people to a favorable sentiment [toward] one man that composes 
it, they will be all removed except Lord Hillsborough. The 
East India affairs are on the decline their stock falls shockingly 
and folks think the Directors not a whit better than those of the 
S Sea in 1 720. 

All Corsica is in the Hand of France who is fortifying the Island. 
Paoli is landed at Leghorn. 

The Resolutions of the Virginia Assembly 1 was considered by 
violent people tantamount to an overt act of rebellion. Lord 
Chatham gives out that his Majesty is resolved on a Change of 
Men & Measures. There is more reason now than ever to expect 
a paper Currency will be allowed & emitted in this Colony after 
the next Session of our assembly. 

Sir Harry Moore is in a very dangerous State from a fever & 
flux. Judge Horsmanden has been Very ill but is now on the 

I beg my humble Respects to S r John & Col Guy Johnson and 

I am 

with the most perfect deference 

Sir William 

Your most faithfull 

humble Servt 

Ja Rivington 


S r W m Johnson Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED : Sept r . 4 th 1 769 — 
From M r . Rivington 
Ans d . Sepf. 14 th . 

1 The resolves of the Burgesses against parliamentary tyranny and the 
proposed transportation of political offenders to England for trial, adopted 
May 16, 1769. 

158 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Whitehall. Sept: 6"\ 1769. 

It is my duty, in the absence of Lord Hills- 
borough, who is gone to Ireland upon his pri- 
vate Affairs, to acquaint you that your dis- 
patches to His Lordship, N». 32. 33. & 34. 
have been received, and laid before the King. 

I am & c a . 

j. pownall. 
Major Gen l . Gage: 

A like Letter to Sir William Johnson, ac- 
knowledging the receipt of his dispatch to Lord 
Hillsborough N°. 9. 

Whitehall 27*: Oct': 1769. 

Lords of the 

Treasury. 2 My Lords, 

I have the honour to send your Lordships 

for your Information an Extract of a Letter 

from His Majesty's Gov r : of the Province of 

3 July 1769. New Hampshire, & also Copies of Two Let- 

27 May 1769. ters & Papers, therein inclosed, 

3 July 1769. 


A. L. S. 

Detroit Sept. 9 th . 1769 

Inclosed is a Copy of a Speech which Colonel Wilkins sent to 
the Indians on the Ouabache Last Spring. He Desired me to 

1 In Library of Congress, transcript of letter in Public Record Office, 
C. O. 5. 

2 This letter is also from John Pownall evidently. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 159 

Repeat it to Such Indians of these Nations which might come here 
to trade. Which I have done 

''There is a perfect Tranquility in these upper Countries at 
Present. The Indians formerly used to kill the Inhabitants cattle 
at an uncommon Rate. There has been only Two killed Since 
the Spring — Last year they made Free with Two of my Cows 
and a horse — Whatever may be the Consequence I still continue 
to give the Indians Provisions and a Little Rum and Tobacco 
now and then, nor is it in my Power to do otherwise whilst I am 
oblidged to Detach Small Parties of the Garrison to cutt wood 
and Burn Lime and Charcoal. We are by no means in Condi- 
tion to put them on any other Footing / 

M r . Verchere is now here He has got a Pass to trade at 
Sandusky and Permission from Governor Carleton to be Inter- 
preter [for the Sha]wanese — He brought a Huron from 
Sandusky Who Says He was Sent by the Chiefs of the Small 
Village to Contradict what had been alledged against M r . 
Verchere that He himself was the Person who carry d M r . 
Verchere's Belt from the one Village to the other and that 

] mention [ ] as the Present 

That He only Spoke about [ ] His Returning there 

with goods woud be [ ] 

Michel the Lorrette Indian who was [ ] 

for m r . Verchere Sticks firm to the first Story and [ ] 

Verchere Told them that the French King was still alive and 
woud See them Soon. — The first Chief who accused m r Verchere 
of that Affair Died as He was Returning to Send the other one 
Eyengeking Who brought in and Delivered up m r . Vercheres 
Belt the beginning of July. Told the very Same Story with the 
first chief and the Lorrette Indian. 

Verchere Seems very ill Pleased that I appeared to be not alto- 
gether convinced of His Innocence, and has Rather Behaved 
Rudely on the occasion, although I told him that I was not his 

160 Sir William Johnson Papers 

judge, But it was my duty to Report what was Laid before me 
concerning the Service I am With Great Respect 


Your most Obedient and 
[most] Humble Servant 

Geo: Turnbull 
Sir William Johnson 

INDORSED: Let[ter from] 

Cap 1 Turnbull [ 

concern^ Verchere 


A. L. S. 1 

New York Sep 1 . 10* 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

I thank you for your Letter of the 30 th : of August, the Contents 
of which are very plain, and I fear in general too true. I have 
not heared that the Ohio Indians have in Fact denied the Claim 
of the Six Nations to the ceded Lands, but they could not without 
Jealousy and disgust See their hunting Grounds ceded to us es- 
pecialy as they received little or no Share of the Money paid 
for them. I hear of no other Indians who lay Claim to any part 
of the Said Lands, except the Cherokees to the Country below 
the Kanahwa River, and the Fear of a Rupture with them has no 
doubt occasioned Virginia to be bounded by Said River, what I 
have Said I apprehend to be the Case with the Ohio Indians. 

The Accounts you mention will be discharged as Soon as you 
transmit them to me. I have nothing Material by the Packet, 
further than that £5000 will be allowed for the Northern District, 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 161 

and His Majesty's Expectations that said Sum shall not be ex- 

I have the honor to be with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir W m : Johnson Bar 1 : 

indorsed: N. York 7K 10 th . 1769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
w ,h . an Enclosure 


A. L. S. 

New York the 1 U h Sep*. 1769 

[I] Just now had the pleasure of your Favour of the 1st In- 
stant, Inclosing [ ] Letters for London which are this Day 
forwarded by the Packett, which Sails this Afternoon ■ — I Sent 
you on Thursday last 6 Barrells of Pork which I hope will come 
to hand before this Letter & Observe all your other Orders, which 
if possible Shall be All Sent away this Week, I Say if possible, 
because I very much Doubt whether the Window Glass or the 
Earthern Ware are att all comeattable in this City, all the Goods 
Come from Europe Since last Spring being Stored by the Sons of 
Liberty, nor will they as yet Suffer the least Thing to go out of 
their Possession, you may however be Assurd I will ransack the 
City for you — I have already been at two Places who adver- 
tize Glass, but Such miserable Stuff it is, that I woud not give 1 0/ 
a Box for it, it looks as if made of old Bottles & is really the Vilest 
Trash I ever Saw; however I will try every place & if I cannot 
Suit you, I will Send you a Double Box of fine Glass, which has 
been in our house 1 4 Years, the Size is 9 by 1 OJ/2 & rather than 
be a Hindrance to your Buildings, you must cutt it & contrive as 

162 Sir William Johnson Papers 

well as you can, for God knows when the Sons of Liberty will 
permitt us to have any more Goods, I Suppose not till they have 
sold all their Old & refuse Goods, which they are doing at an 
exorbitant Rate — I cannot as yet hear of any Tiles but will go 
out in quest of some this Afternoon the Nails &c a you Can depend 
on by the first Sloop, & so you may of every thing in my Power to 
Send you — I am glad you have received the Cod & hope you 
have likewise receivd the Sugar & Tea &c a . which you do not 
mention — I fancy M r Roberts has drawn two Bills in May for 
£100 Cash to Mr Edward Harrison, which occasions the Mis- 
take — I will enquire of M r Mortier's Clerk as Soon as I can get 
out & Compare the two Bills — 

Sir Harry Moore has been very dangerously ill for 1 4 Days, 
past, 4 Days Ago he Was given over by his Phisicians, but has 
been mending for 3 Days past till last Night about 1 2 o Clock, 
when a Violent Relax came on & I Suppose before 3 hours He 
will be a Corpse, his Lower parts are dead — I am exceedingly 
Sorry for his Family — 

My Wife joins me in Sincere Respects to You & remain with 
the greatest Truth — 


Your most obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

r i 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

indorsed: N York 7[ ] 

M r . Wetherheads [ ] 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 163 


Johnson-hall Sept. !2 lh . 1769 
Dear Sir, 

A few days ago I had the favor of your Letter of the 27th 
ult°. and It is with real pleasure that I find You agree with me in 
opinion concerning the Speeches of the Indians &ca 

We shall soon know by whom the Attack was made on the 
Boat in the Ouabache, but I have not heard from the Indians of 
the six Nation Indians being put to death after he was made 
prisoner, as to the Skirmishes with the Indians to the southward 
they are Chiefly the Western Nations that are concerned partic- 
ularly the Hurons, Powtewatamies and Twightwees, but many 
others are often Joined with them, and unless it affected our 
Traders and White people there very Much, it is best it should 
continue so, — I have received Information that the two Indians 
who were prisoners at the Detroit have made their Escape, so that 
it will be Needless to Write about them. Notwithstanding they 
were delivered up by the Nation they & their friends are now 
doubtless full of Resentment on account of their being Con- 
fined and would readily do any Mischief in their power 

N B Here follows a paragraph intended to have been inserted 
in my letter of the 30 th . Ult°. concerning a Bill for £1200 SterK 

INDORSED: Sepf. 12 th . 1769 
To Gen 1 . Gage 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson with the exception of the postscript, 
which was written by Sir William. 

164 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Df. 1 

Johnson hall Sept. 12 ih . J 769 
Dear Sir/ 

I am favored with your Letter of the 24 th , ult°- and as it is in 
my power to Explain its subject fully I wish that in so doing I 
may give you Satisfaction therein, as you may be assured that in 
any thing consistent with my duty I shall ever be glad to serve 

To make you acquainted with the whole I must acquaint you 
that 4 or 5 Years ago L l . Col Vaughan having been informed by 
a German of the Vacancy you speak of applied & urged me much 
to get it for him which he estimated at about 5, or 6000 acres, at 
this time as well as long after Neither myself or the Generality of 
people here could Imagine that there was a Vacancy or if there 
was one, that it Exceeded 1 000; or 1 5000 acres, I even dissuaded 
2 Friends of mine abt that time from Locating there Least they 
sh d . Lose by it, but Col Vaughan appeared so Confident of the 
Vacancy & so Earnest that I at Length spoke of it to the Indians 
& we Agreed that they sh d . dispose of five thousand acres on a 
Supposition that there might be that Quantity, This promise 
they afterwards Confirmed by Indian Deed in form wen for form 
sake 6c to prevent his being a Loser was bounded as you know, 
but intended to convey but 5000 acres, After this, Col Vaughan 
being desirous of patenting it, I sent a Surveyor to make the Sur- 
vey when the Indians finding the Vacancy so much Larger Inter- 
rupted him & represented to me Justly that they expected no more 
w d . be taken than had been agreed for, & that they intended to 
keep the Surplus havs so little Land left & it being so near their 
Village that their posterity would want it. To this I could make 
no objection as I had myself agreed [ ] Consideration 

for the Quantity aforementioned I mentioned it 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson except two brief interlineations. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 165 

accordingly to his Excell c y the Governor who was well satisfied 
with it as knowing that Col Vaughan would be contented accord- 
ingly Last Year the same was Surveyed having previously pre- 
vailed on the Indians to Let the Creek be their Boundary whereby 
Col Vaughan's Tract was increased to above 8000 Acres the 
Indians desiring that the remainder might be secured to their 
posterity as did the Mohocks &ca all which his Excelly was 
pleased to promise his Assistance in, & I have since had it sur- 
veyed for that purpose, by which it Appears that there is a Suffi- 
cient Communication with the Land they occupy, which it other- 
wise, could not prejudice them in Justice, our best guide in dealing 
with them. & This very Land I do assure you was particularly 
Mentioned Meant and intended by the Indians at the Fort Stan- 
wix Treaty. From hence you may perceive that all [ 
want of Information as to the nature of the purchase you might 
have conceived that others would get it & as you say perceived 
that every possible Obstacle would be thrown in your way. 
There was no danger of that, as I apprehend that the Crown 
would not Suffer it, and I believe that his Excelb the Gov r . who 
knew the Case & with whom I had conversed concerns it would 
not Grant it to any person — That Very part was set aside for 
the Ind s long before you appear to have thought of Locating 
there & [ ] Appeared so Clear to me that I never imagined 

that any body w d . have applied for [ ] June last when 

I was informed that it was petitioned for but I co d . not tell by 
whom, Upon wch I wrote a few Lines to remind the Governor, of 
the Transact", wch I considered as Sufficient. I cannot Con- 
demn your Resolutions or the propriety of your arguments on the 
Case as it appeared to you but there lies the Mistake for altho' 
the Bounds in the Deed Comprehends the Whole that was my 
fault, from an Apprehension that it would not equal the Quantity 
he required, & as he had impowered me to Transact the Affair & 
would relinquish any Overplus I resolved to do so sho d . any 
appear as afterw ds . did never imagining that any advantage would 
be taken of it if the purchaser who w d . have taken the Whole 

166 Sir William Johnson Papers 

declined it for the reasons Assigned. So that what you have 
said, of the present Interruption given by the Ind s . & its Conse- 
quences &ca are not at all Applicable, — // Was a purchase of 
about 5000 acres (very Cheap) & so Circumstanced that no 
Judgment could be formed of its Contents, The Bounds being ex- 
pressed to favor the purchaser should it fall Short but not to be 
made an Advantage of if otherwise. So that the Ind s . have no 
blame, neither hath that Village given any Trouble about Lands 
but in an Instance the reasonableness of which you must recollect. 
I have stated this matter truly, from which you will see how far I 
can serve you therein but I am very sorry you seem to have such 
Grounds for believing that those Lands would have been granted 
away as it wo d have greatly Surprised me & If so you certainly 
had good Right to Apply nor should you have wanted any As- 
sistance from me consistent with my Duty but I believe the Ind s . 
were not tampered with otherwise I sho d . have heard of it for 
they rely too confidently on our Justice the Nature of the Affair 
& the Assurances [ ] 

To prev 1 . the consequences of wch was my Sole Motive in writing 
ab l . it whatever Advantage the Law | ] Afford from 

the Expression of the Deed, the Circumstances aforement d renders 
it a peculiar Case And co d . I Obtain it Legally with a Certainty 
of Sells it the next day for £10,000 I should decline it. — I 
have been the more particular in order to give you that Satisfac- 
tion wch you require, and which I shall always think you Merit, 
and I am an entire Stranger to any Transactions concern^ the 
Matter other than are here Stated with a Candour & friendship 
arising from the great Esteem w*. w ch . I am 

D r Sir &ca 
To John T. Kempe Esq r . 

indorsed: Sept r . 12 th 1769 
To M r . Kempe 
Atty Gen 1 , concerning 
the Vacancy at Conajoharie 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 167 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall SepF 12 th . 1769 

I have received the several Letters which you Mention in your 
favor of the 16th ult°. which is come also to my hands and for 
which I thank you as well as for the sev 1 . particulars of News you 
were so kind as to Communicate, — My Absence in the Coun- 
try of the Six Nations for sev 1 . Weeks prevented me from An- 
swering your former Letters as a Severe hurt I met with at Onon- 
daga, hindered me from Acknowledging the rec 1 . of your last 
till now. 

I found the Indians in a Very discontented state on accot of 
all the late ill Conduct of the Frontier Inhabitants. The With- 
drawing the Officers who had the Inspection of the Trade at the 
Outposts, & the Artifices of both French & Indians about the 
Misisipi who endeavor to draw them into a Confederacy against 
us. but altho' the present state of the Department will not 
enable me to take All the Necessary steps I hope to be able to 
preserve the fidelity of several Nations at any event. As to any 
report of the dissatisfact" of some of the Indians concerning the 
Boundary it is only a pretence All the Ind s . who have a Just 
title to the Lands ceded were present at the Treaty, & that to a 
greater Number than was known on any other occasion, and they 
were well paid & Satisfied. They had no promise from me of 
any Meeting at Fort Pitt neither was it practicable to Satisfy all 
the Wants or demands of every Nation who might for the Sake 
of presents set up a Title which they dare not pretend to in the 
presence of the True proprietors. I have heard from S.W. and 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

168 Sir William Johnson Papers 

heartily wish him success, and shall always be glad of the Con- 
tinuance of your Agreable Correspondence being with much 

Your Hearty Wellwisher 

& very humble Servt. 
& ca 
INDORSED: Sept r . 12 ,h 1769 

To M r . Tho s . Wharton 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall SepV 14 th 1769 

My long Absence from home and indisposition since occasioned 
by a fall I got at Onondaga will I hope Apoligize for my Neglect- 
ing to Answer your Letters since June last. I am but Just recov- 
ering from the hurt I received & therefore have not been able to 
look over my back Letters so that I do not exactly recollect the 
particulars of the Letter regarding yourself which was I think in 
May last — To the best of my remembrance you wanted to 
make some little purchase in an Advantagious place in this 
Country, and in this I shall be glad if I can serve you, I should 
first inform you that the Nature of the soil and other advantages, 
has for some years past so attracted the attention of all who knew 
these circumstances that there is no Land to be had unpatented 
very near the Market or the Mohock River, but there are Some 
Tracts of pritty good Land which have been purchased within 
these 2 years past, in which If you inclined to it I might get you a 
Share, the Indian purchases of these have been in general about 
£12 the Thousand, (tho' some are vastly higher) & the patent 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 


Appointed Rector August 28, 1764; died March 4, 1777 
From Morgan Dix's History of the Parish of Trinity Church 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 169 

fees £25 the Thousand, but If a Small purchase was made of the 
Indians the Ind n . purchase would amount to 3 or 4 times as much, 
If from what I have Mentioned you incline to have 2000, Acres 
or thereabouts I shall gladly do what I can to get it as advantage- 
ously for you as the Nature & Circumstances of the Tract will 
admit of. 

I have not heard from M r . Seabury Since he went down, I have 
a very favorable Character of him and am sorry that the Terms 
mentioned to him did not Seem a Sufficient inducement for remov- 
ing his family, possibly the society may augment the sallary on a 
farther Consideration of the Subject. 

M r . Griffith who delivered me your favor of the 21 st . ult°. 
seems to be a Man of Merit and I am glad to find he purposes to 
take Orders. — I should be glad to have the Deeds for the late 
D r . Barclays place, as I am a Stranger to the bounds &ca and 
should have it Surveyed & properly ascertained for the purpose 
Intended by the Purchase. The Schoolmaster whom I fixed at 
Fort Hunter, has already 30 Indian Children, is well liked and 
going on Successfully, and the Schoolmaster at Johns Town has 
near Double that Number of Whites & Indians, and both Schools 
are likely to encrease fast. — I cannot help still Complaining of 
the Want of Missionaries, and that we are letting slip the best 
opportunity there will ever be for promoting the Establish^ 
Church in these parts. Yet out of the four Missions Albany 
only is provided for, In Schenectady I hear that many of our 
Church are under the Necessity of Associating with others of a 
different Denomination who begin to make great advances, I 
should think some Young Gentlemen of Slender Interest in our 
Universities might be found that would take orders for these 
purposes — 

INDORSED: Sepf. 14 th 1769 

To D r . Auchmuty — 

1 70 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

New Haven 14 Sep r . 1769 
May it please your Excellency 

Whereas it has been expected, that the Lands to the Westward 
of Connecticut River, which were granted by Benning Went- 
worth Esquire late Governor of New-Hampshire (in which the 
Society for propagating the Gospel &" have considerable Inter- 
est) would be erected into a new Government and considerable 
Interest has been made in Favour of Partridge Thatcher Esq r 
the Bearer hereof, that he might be made the first Governor 
thereof, and Application being made to this Convention in May 
last to interest themselves, in this Gentleman's Favour, we (know- 
ing his Worth, and firm Attachment to the present Establishment 
both in Church and State) did then write to the Society request- 
ing their Interest with Administration in his Favour, should said 
Lands be erected into a Government. We now therefore ask 
your Interest to promote said Design should You in your Wisdom 
think proper. We are, 

May it please your Excellency 

Your Excellency's most obedient 

And most humble Servants 
Missionaries to the honorable 
Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in 
foreign Parts 

Ebenezer Dibblee Richard Mansfield 
Joseph Lamson Christopher Newton 

Ebenezer Kneeland James Scovil 
Richard Clarke Samuel Andrews 

Bela Hubbard 
John Tyler 
Solomon Palmer 

Postwar Period, 1 763-/774 171 

To His Excellency 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

INDORSED: New Haven 14 th . SepuV. 1769 
Letter from a Number of 
Missionaries by Patridge 
Thacher Esq r . 

rec d . Janry. 17 th 1770 


Z)/. 1 

Johnson-hall Sepf. 14 th . 1769 

I thank you for your agreable Correspondence, and for the 
Several pieces of News communicated in your late Letters partic- 
ularly in that of the 4 th Inst, Indeed I should have answered 
some of them Sooner but for my Absence in the Six Nation Coun- 
try and my indisposition since occasioned by a fall I got at 
Onondaga, — 

I must Confess the Aspect of Affairs at home is very Unpleas- 
ing, and ought to give Concern to every Wellwisher of his Coun- 
try, because whatever reason or Justice there may be in some of 
the late Steps you Mention, there is a probability of their being 
carried farther than a Good Man can wish for, Tho' I still hope 
that these Matters will be happily adjusted at or before the Next 
Session of Parliament, — Affairs here are very doubtful The 
Indians at the Misisipi, behave very Extraordinarily and under 
the Countenance and Influence of the French are endeavoring to 
Seduce the Nations to the Northward to Confederate with them, 
but I expect to prevent them from Succeeding so far as they wish. 

Tho' my almost Constant Avocations & hurry will not permit 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

1 72 Sir William Johnson Papers 

me to be very punctual in Correspondence I hope it will not pre- 
vent you from Writing me now and then as your Letters are very 
Interesting and Agreable to me 

I am with regard, Sir, 

Your hearty Wellwisher 
& very humble Servant 
Sir John & Col Johnson 
[sen]d their Complim ,s . the 
latter wishes you'd remember 
[ ] Littletons Hist: & the Ann 1 . 
[Register] for 66, 67 & 68 wch 


A. L. S. 

New York the 15 Sep'. 1769 
In Obedience to your Command I now Send you by Captain 
Douw's Sloop [every] Article you orderd for me, except the Glass 
9 by 1 1 which is not to be had at pres*. an Account of which you 
have on the other Side, for which please to give me Credit as to 
the Dutch Tiles there are not So many in Town as woud cover 
an Indian Hutt, So that it does not Signifie Saying any thing more 
about them; people here have got into the Way of painting 
Shingles black with a particular Composition, which they Say 
makes them last a very long time & makes them look Much like 
black Slate if you Chuse it I will Send you up Some of the 
Composition, as my Carpenter knows it very well — When I 
wrote you last I was much afraid I shoud not have been able to 
have got you those Articles, especially the Crockery Ware & the 
Glass, as those Articles were all Stored by order of Our Sovereign 
Lord the Sons of Liberty; the honest Man with whom I generally 
deal for those Articles, came to tell me yesterday with a Sorrow- 
ful Countenance that He coud not prevail on Mess Isaac Low, 
Isaac Sears & Jo Allicocke who are our present Tyrants, to let 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 173 

him have the Goods he Wanted notwithstanding he was very cer- 
tain that those very people called the Committee, had severall 
Times got their own Goods clandestinely out of the Store & were 
daily Selling them by little & little & that he Supposd they had a 
pique against him because he did not Sign the Agreem 1 for Non 
Importation — As I had Some Reason to believe the Truth of 
this — I persuaded him to break open the Store in the Dead of 
the Night & take the Goods out he Wanted & return the empty 
Packages, which he has accordingly done & this is the Reason 
why You have your Goods, but perhaps the Next News you 
have will be that He & I have been carted about the Town The 
Table Crockery I now Send are quite new fashioned, Severall 
principall Families have lately got them over from England, they 
are very much Admired, but come Very high — tho' those I now 
Send you are at least 25 ^ Cent Cheaper than any I have Seen; 
I hope you will approve of my Sending them rather than the 
Common White Ones (of which indeed I do not believe I coud 
have picked up your Quantity in Town) for I do not See why 
you Shoud not be in the Fashion as well as any body Else — I 
think you Shoud give M r Frank orders to take a very particular 
care of them & not put himself in a passion when they are in the 
Way — 

As I wrote you in my last, Sir Harry Moore departed this 
Life a half past 2 o Clock on Monday & was buried Tuesday 
Evening as you will See by the papers ; He made a will immedi- 
ately after his Reconciliation with his Daughter, in which He has 
left Lady Moore Sole Executrix, with an Annuity of £600 stg 
during her Widowhood and All his Furniture & plate, to M rs 
Dixon £3000 stg & the Rest of his Fortune ( [which they] Say 
amounts to Twenty thousand pounds stg) to his Son, at little Boy 
as [ The Lieut Governor immediately on Sir Harrys 

decease came over, calld [ ] rted back the Surrogates 

office to M r Banyar, which has vexed a great Many People in 
town, especially the Livingstonian Party [ 
much here of Lord Charles Montague Brother to the Duke of 

1 74 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Manchester [ ] Governor, it is Said with much Confi- 

dence that he went home last [ ] this Government, pro- 

vided Sir Harry Moore, coud be otherwise provided for [to his] 
Satisfaction ; but all this I believe only arises from a Declaration 
he made [ ] in this Town last Summer, that He Shoud 

like this Government much better [than] Carolina, on Account 
of the Climate 

I begg my Respects to All my Acquaintances at your House, 
particularly Mess Byrne, Dayly & Grace, who I hear are Still 
with you, I purpose in a few Days taking a Tour to Schoharrie & 
if possible will cross over to your house for a Day or two, but as 
yet I have no Certainty of going at All; I beg you will believe 
me to be most Sincerely 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

in One of the Boxes there are Some paper Parcells I receivd from 
London for Coll Johnsons please to deliver them to that Gentle- 


Sir] William Johnson B l . 

Bo', of John Wetherhead 

] on board Capt Troax 

4 Barrells Pork a 95/ 



Sent on board Lansing's Sloop 

2 Barrells pickled Cod a 35/ with Cartage 



28 tt Bohea Tea a 4/8 




Canister & Lock 


1 Barrell Sugar 1.3.21 a 65/ 







25 loaves Sugar 223 tt a 1 3 d 









Sent on board Van Allen's Sloop 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 









In d 









6 Barrells Pork a 100/ with Cartage 30 1 6 

On board Captain Douw 
2 Doz Shutter Bolts a 26/ 2 

4" Twine a 2/8 

2 Doz Hooks & Eyes a 1 / 

Box 1 

1 Cask A D N°. 6 60» 4 4 d Nails W 240» 

a 13d 13 
1 Cask " N 67 19 18 12 d d° 342 
1 D° TWN°55 15 22 20 d d° 330 j 

672»a8i/ 2 d 23 

1 D° AD 3 24 d 336 8 d 1 1 
4 Boxes of Glass 200 feet 7 by 9 a 78/ 7 

a Hhd Containing Viz 1 . 

3 Setts of the finest Straw Col d Queens mettle 

Qual Dishes & in Each Sett a 28/ 4 

23 Doz Plates of the Same Sort a 1 0/ 11 

2 Toureens 20/ 2 

4 Sauce Boats a 10 d 

Hh d . 3/6 & Cartage 1/ 
28 tt Whiting in a Cask 

6 Gallons Linseed Oyle a 7/ 2 

2 Wickered Juggs directed 


£158 12 2 

] the above I have paid Severall things Viz*. ^rom 

] for Sir John & from New London for you, Postage &c a 
cannot] tell the Am' of at present 

indorsed 2 : N York 15 ,h . 7 br . 1769 
M r . Wetherheads Letter 
w lh . his Ace 1 . 

1 Illegible. 

2 In Johnson's hand. 

1 76 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson Hall Sepi'. f 5 th . 1769 
Dear Sir 

I am Just favored with your kind Letter of the 6th June, with 
that on the back of the 29th and inclosing the Copy of his 
Majestys Grant to me On this occasion I am impressed with the 
Deepest Sense of Gratitude to his Majesty and to the Council 
and Officers of State As well on account of the Grant as of the 
Nature of it, but I ought in a particular manner to Express my 
Most sincere and thankfull Acknowledgements to you, Sir, to 
whose Steady Attention and sollicitation I am principally in- 
debted for the regard paid to my Application, and the manner in 
which it is Obtained of all which I shall ever retain the most 
Gratefull remembrance, and I persuade myself that you will be- 
lieve me to be always ready to demonstrate by any Means in my 
power the Just sense I have of these Obligations and of the man- 
ner in which you have obtained the Grant. — 

The receiving it free of Quit rent Leaves me not the least rea- 
son to Say any thing concerning the fees, but am greatly obliged 
to you for those you have been so kind as to Advance, and request 
you will favor me with an Acct of the Amount of the Whole for 
which I shall imediately send you a Bill And as to the Grant, 
I shall take it as an additional favor, If you will order it to be 
put up and Sent by the First Pacquet to Me to the Care of the 
honole John Watts Esq r . at N York who will Carefully forward 
it — 

I am lately returned from a Tour thro' the Whole Country of 
the Six Nations as far as Seneca, Where I took the opportunity of 
Carrying up the Dollars owing for your purchase Which I paid in 
public to each of the Nations [ ] their Thanks and 

satisfaction at it, and gave me | | which I transmitted 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 177 

about 10 days ago to Lieut Gov r . [Penn.] The Advantage of 
my going into the Ind n . Country [ ] Expence of this 

Affair very Small compared with what it [would] have amounted 
to had I called them together down [to this] Country, as you 
must recollect that the Money was not ready for them when they 
Sold the Lands last Year on wch acct I passed my Note to them. 
They Expressed a good deal of anger at the Intrusion of the New 
England [missionaries &] said they feared it would set some of 
their people a quarreling but really from the present disposition 
of the Indians (which was partly the Cause of my Making the 
Tour) I fear they will [not] be long quiet. The Conduct of the 
Indians about the Ilinois and Ohio has been lately such as to leave 
us no doubt of their h[ostile] Intentions and the French Traders 
and others with those Indians who are dissaffected are daily by 
belts, Messages &ca endeavoring to draw all the rest into a Con- 
federacy with them, which I am doing all that is in my power to 
prevent, and hope to succeed with Sev 1 . of the Nations beyond 
what might be Expected from the present State of Things and 
the Small Allowance [ ] stipulated for the Expences 

of my department. The Indians Complain much of the With- 
drawing those who had the Inspection] of Trade, and of the re- 
duction of favors which (however [ ] they expected 
a longer continuance of; They make m[uch] Clamour about 
the repeated Murders committed on their [people] by the frontier 
Inhabitants, to add to which I had but Just [arrived in] the 
Seneca Country when I received advice of the Murder [of a] 
very faithfull Young Indian of that Nation on the [River] Sus- 
quehanna, & Since that the people on that Frontier [ 
& Stopped the Traders Goods declaring they won't Surfer 
forward. What all these & much more proceed- 
ings of ] other Quarters will end in seems but 
too [obvious have good hopes that my endeavors will 
[ ] Wish that in my Next Letter I may 
be enabled to give you a better Account of Affairs here, and 
Shall Conclude by again repeating my Most Sincere & hearty 

1 78 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Thanks for the signal Instances of your Friendship, Assuring you 
that I shall ever be with the greatest Sincerity and Truth, Dear 

Your most Obedient 

& most Obliged humble Servt. 


To the Hon'ble Tho s . Penn Esq r . 

A. L. S. 1 

Philadelphia Sep'. 16*. 1769 


I now acknowledge the receipt of your letters of the seven- 
teenth and twenty seventh of August. — I have the pleasure to 
inform You, that at a meeting of the Indians at Fort Augusta, the 
twenty first of last month, Colonel Francis on the part of this 
Government, condoled with them upon the death of Seneca 
George's Son, and it appears by the minutes of the Conferences 
he had with them, that they were extremely well Satisfied. You 
have undoubtedly seen some account of this matter in the News- 

By some late Intelligence I have from Fort Pitt and other 
Parts of the County of Cumberland, there does not seem to be 
much reason at present to apprehend any disturbance from the 
Indians. I readily believe the frontier people treat them very ill ; 
and that the withdrawing the bounty & Protection they were ac- 
customed to, must be a matter of Complaint. I am quite of your 
opinion, that this Province should provide inspectors, Smiths & 
Interpreters at proper places for the Conveniency of the Indians, 
and shall do whatever lies in my power to promote so useful an 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 179 

I will order your account to be paid, as soon as you are 
pleased to inform me, to whom the money is to be sent in New 
York. I am with great Regard 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

John Penn 

Our Surveyors will be at the big Island the twentieth of Octo- 
ber next, in order to meet the Indians, that are to attend the 
running the line from the Susquehanna to Kittaning., — You will 
be kind enough to make their number as small as possible. 
S R William Johnson Bar 1 

INDORSED: Philadelphia 7 br . : 16 h . 

L f . Gov r . Penns Letter 
Ans d . Oct'. 24 th .— 

A. L. S. 

New York the 18 Sep'. 1769 
I had the pleasure of writing you on Monday last concerning 
M r Roberts Bill to Edward Harrison, which you mention to have 
Credited M r Mortier for the 25 th May last, in Consequence of 
which I have been at Mr. Mortiers office in order to find out the 
Error if possible & find the Bill you advist to is a Bill ¥ £200, 
but the Bill in Question is for £100, drawn a different Day; if 
you please to examine this Matter a little you will find it So — 
the Bill Holder here was with me on Saturday and threatend im- 
mediately to protest the Bill Unless I paid it, as you mentiond 
to me you woud pay it as Soon as you Coud find out the Error ; 
I have complyd with the Bill Holder's Request & paid the Bill ; 
I will therefore request the favour of you to Send me a draft for 
it as soon as it Shall be convenient to you I hope you will have 

180 Sir William Johnson Papers 

received all your Things by Capt Douw who Saild on Saturday 
last — I remain with Sincere Regard 

Sir Your most Obed* Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

M\ Wetherhead [ ] 

A. L. S. 

c AY7 N York Sep 18. 1769 

Sir William ' 

A passage of two & thirty days has produced the Earl of 
Halifax pacquet. 

The East India affairs have been severely shocked by some 
Advantages of a Native in that Country, Heyder Ally, over the 
Companys forces these have occasioned their Stock to sink from 
270 to 219 which has influenced the Bankruptcy of the first 
Banker in Europe Paunchaud at paris for 20 Millions french, 
and the fortunes of many principal personages in England are 
shattered by these Events. Lord Holland, hard pressed by able 
writers in y e Publick papers, has thought proper to disgorge an 
hundred thousand pounds into the Exchequer, a part of his 
ballance due upon his pay mastership accompts of 40 Unsettled 

Earl Bute is returned and already discovered to the people his 
Sovereign's peculiar bias in his favor, in short all the Councills of 
State have been directed under his influence, tho absent, and the 
Crown too has not wanted the suggestions of Lord Holland, a 
Colleague of the Favorite. 

Most of the Counties in England have already prepared ad- 
dresses to the Throne ecchoing the Strains of Middlesex & Lon- 
don upon the Subject of Grievances in general & the Right of 
Election in particular. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 181 

The Next advices will bring us a detail of something very de- 
cisive betwixt the Russian & Ottman Armies 

General Monckton offered, thro Mr W Burke, his services to 
the India Company against Heyder Ally, yet they have not been 
accepted which induces us here to think if he could command the 
Government of New York, Vice Sir Henry Moore who expired 
last Monday, he would not refuse it, tho seperated from the Com- 
mand of the Military. The Earl of Chatham & the House of 
Grenville are now become a perfect phalanx, determined to re- 
cover the right of Election & pull down the Tory Administration. 

The Old Earl of Winchelsea is dead at 81. Poor Peter 
Hasenclever, who in the last five years has buried the better part 
of an hundred thousand pounds in this Country, is now amongst 
the Unfortunate, being declared a Bankrupt. I believe he has 
been at Johnson Hall, his fate is regretted for he was honest & 
well beloved. 

The Island of S f John's is at last erected into a Government & 
Walter Paterson of the late 80 th Reg f presented to it, T. Debrisay 
made Lieut Governor & a M r Ja s . Monsell Attorney General. 
Montford Brown L l Governor of West florida is superceeded in 
favor of Elias Durnford of y e Engineers. 

Betts run high that a French War will be commenced by the 
first of February Yet I fancy it will prove Apochryphal. Thus 
far the Halifax pacquet. 

I hope my Epistle will find all the Family at Johnson Hall and 
its Vicinities in perfect health and I am, 

most inviolably, 
Sir William's 

Your most faithful serv 1 

Sir Wm Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

indorsed: 1 7 br . 18 th . 1769 

M r . Rivingtons Letter 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

182 Sir William Johnson Papers 


SepK 18* 1769 
Dear Sir 

two Days Ago M r . Alexander M c Kee Come hear up the Sus- 
quannah, I have had a Good Dale of Conversation with him 
Concerning the Disposesion & Temper of the Indians att ohio he 
has Shoe d . Me a Small Journal he Made of Such Things as he 
Could Gether from the Shawnas whome I well know wold Tell 
him any thing they Knew as they Consider him as one of thire 
own pople his Mother being one of thire Nation 

he has Collected the prinsaple Inteligence and Inclosed them to 
y r honor w h . I inclose you, he Tells Me that Lett y e . Indians In- 
tensions be what itt will & w h , he Says is Cartianly against the 
English, that they wold Nott have Shone y e . Least unesayness 
this Sumer had itt Nott been for y e . Number of pople that has 
gon out from Virginia and Pensylvaine the Later has Survaied 
all y e . Lands in that Cuntry & Down y e . ohio Seventy Miles 
Down below fort pitt to the Senica Vilidge this Conduct and the 
Incoredjem 1 . they have from y e . french & Cherrakees he is of 
opinion has Determind them to begin a Warr with us Sooner than 
they Ever Intended tho they have had itt in Viue, He Tells Me 
that y e . Cheaffs of the Shawnas & Dalloways are against itt & 
has Tould thire Warrers that itt wold End in there Ruin Butt the 
Worrars Say they May as well Dey Like Men as be Kicked 
about Like Doggs and putt into prison it seems Several Indians 
has been putt into y e . Gard house att Fort pitt this Sumer for very 
Trifling Resons Many Beat unmercyfully and one Man Shott att 
& Wonded on the Road as he was Carreying a Leter for the 
Commanding offisor to Legionier 1 

I am with Great Respect y r . honors Most obedient 

and Most Hum ble Servant 
Geo: Croghan 

1 Fort Ligonier, earlier known as Loyal hannon, in Westmoreland 
county, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 183 

To the Honble Sir William JOHNSON Bar 1 

indorsed 1 : Otsege 7 br . 18 th . 1769 
M r Croghans Letter 
with Some Intelligence 


A. L. S. 

Otsega Septemb r 18 th 1769 
Hon d Sir 

I arrived here Yesterday from Fort Augusta on a Visit to 
Colonel Croghan, and would do myself the Honor of waiting 
upon you before my return, but am under the Necessity of going 
back immediately in order to make a Settlement of my Fathers 
Affairs. — 

I have judged it proper to inform your Honor of every thing 
which has come to my Knowledge respecting Indian matters dur- 
ing my stay at Fort Pitt this Summer; and have therefore com- 
mitted it to Writing for your Honors perusal which is herewih en- 
closed. I have the Honor to be with the greatest Respect 

Your Honors most Obedient 

& very Humble Servant 

Alex r M c .Kee 

The Hon bIe Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: 1 M r . Alexd r . M c Kees 
Letter & Journal 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

184 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. 1 

] May last the Shawanese, Delawares, and 
Senicas of [ ]il with the Twightwees, Piankisaw's, 

Waweoughtenoes, Musquetons, [ ]s that Live upon 

the Wabash, at Stoney River when they Settled all [ 
former Disputes and entred into a Strong and firm Alliance, by 
which they [ ] to Live and die by each other, and are 

also to Defend themselves against any Enemy that may hereafter 
Quarrel with either of them whether English or Indians. The 
Senicas, Shawanese, Delawares, Munseys, Moheckons, & Mus- 
quaghkees who reside upon the Ohio and its Waters in a Meeting 
of their own this Summer have Complained much of the Conduct 
of the Six Nations giving up so much of the Country to the 
English without asking their Consent & Approbation and say the 
Lands down the Ohio to the Cherokee River is as much theirs 
as the Six Nations, it having been Conquered by the whole Con- 
federacy and the Senicas and Cayugas have declared to these 
Nations that it was Contrary to their Judgements to do so but 
that the Mohawks, Onidas, Onondagoes, & Tuskaroras would 
have it so. The Shawanese, & Delawares have Built this Sum- 
mer a very large Council House at Scioto to which they have in- 
vited all the Wabash Indians the Hurons, Ottawas, Putiwatimies, 
and Chepawas and likewise all the Chiefs of the Senicas ware to 
be present; — This great Meeting was to [take] place the latter 
end of June or July — ; A Deputation of [Shawan]ese followed 
the Cherokees to Fort Pitt and took Six of them [ ] 

The Intention of this Meeting is to form a [ ] 

Southern Nations together; against the English and the Senicas 
are to [ ] of the whole, the Mohawks, Onidas, 

Tuskaro [ras ] to be left out to do as they please. — 

The above information I have had from a Chief who has been 

1 Inclosed in the preceding letter, of September 1 8th. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 185 

] private Meetings, and says this plan has been on 
foot th [ ] Years past but could not be brought to bear till 

now, th[ ] with the Southern Indians is Settled — ; He 

says this G [ ] was first Recommended by the French in 

order to drive the [English] out of their Country and Burn all 
their Forts, that they [would not] Strike untill the French would 
come to Assist them, But [the] Numbers of White people and 
Surveyors that come out this [ ] to Settle and Survey 

the Country about Fort Pitt and down [the] Ohio has set all their 
Warriors in a rage, and has been y e principal] cause of hasten- 
ing this Meeting, for it had been agreed on [ ] Winter 
to be put off untill next Summer; He likewise told [me he] had 
certain advice from New Orleans that Forty Battoes with Amuni- 
tion &ca was to be sent from thence this Fall up to the [ 
Ohio by the French and Spaniards for their several Nations 
| they the French and Spaniards would make War 
upon the E[nglish next] Spring upon the great Lake; he told me 
that the Shawanese &] Delawares had come to a Resolution not 
to be the [first (?) ] and that they had told the Senecas so, 
as they had [ ] last War, The Senicas in answer to 
this d[ ] and they would see them [start ] 
it heartily before, but were determined to begin here and the 

southward. The Conduct of the Senica 
seems to Confirm the certainty of this being 
their present plan, as they are the only Indians who beheave In- 
solently or 111 [about] Fort Pitt, Killing Cattle, Stealing Horses, 
and in short plundering every House & Field they come to ; And 
I am sorry to say the White people on their parts beheave as 111 
to their Indian Neighbours, and seem to Wish for a Quarrel as 
much as the Indians. There is now several Indians of the Shawan- 
ese & Delawares come to the West and East Branches of Sus- 
quohannah to take away this Fall to Ohio, all their Friends 
amongst the Six Nations and have Belts to Invite the Moheckons, 
Munseys, & Nanticokes to go & Live at Scioto where they have 
Lands for them which the Six Nations can not Sell to the English. 

186 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

Montreal 19* Sep* 1769 
On Demand please to Pay to M r . S l . Luc [Le] Corne Chev r 
de S*. Louis, or his order the Sum of Fifteen pounds 6/10 N. y. 
Curry, for Value reed of him & place it to Acco 1 . of 

Your most Obed 1 hble servant 

Dan. Claus 
To S R William Johnson Bar 1 . 

&c a . &c a . &c a . 

Johnson hall 

Verso Rec d . Johnson Hall 22 d 1 770 March the 
Contents of the Within Order 

Sam l . Stringer 

INDORSED: 1 Co 1 . Claus Draft 

Fav r . S' Lucke La Corn 
£15 6 10 p< 


Fort Pitt 2h l : Sept': 1769 

Copy of a Speech made by 2 in private to Captain 

Edmonstone and Officers in Garrison, Simon Girty Interpreter. 


It is from a Love to the English in general, and you in 

particular that I have come here this Day, with my Heart 

full of Sorrow to inform you that I see very clearly that 

the Indians intend to strike you. — 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 Vacant space in the manuscript. The speech of this Indian was in- 
closed in General Gage's letter of October 9th to Johnson. 



From portraits in the 
Public Archives of Can- 
ada, Ottawa 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 187 

Believe me Brothers the Chiefs of the six Nations have 
done all in their Power to curb the young Men, but to no 
Purpose, for they are bent on war. 

I am determined to be early enough in giving you In- 
formation this Time, because tho' I saw the two last Wars 
coming I was afraid to speak my Mind, least by Accident I 
might be decieved, and tell my Friends a Lie. 

Your Suspicions relative to the last Party of Warriors 
were too well grounded for I have since found out the Scalp 
to be white. 

As for you Brothers in the Fort here you are always 
prepared, but the two last [wars] I saw with deep Concern, 
many of my white Friends killed and taken, before they got 
[the] least Notice, and hope you will take Care to prevent 
that being the Case this War. 


I know you will write this Account to your great Man 
at New York, but I charge you and him as you are Men 
not to mention my Name to any one living, as you know I 
am an Indian, and must live amongst them, but the 
Moment the first Blow is given I will come in and fight with 
you as I always did. 


I have now done, and have only to desire you will not 
mention my Name, and that you will put the Women and 
Children upon their Guard. 

INDORSED: Copy of a speech made 
by to Capt n . 

Edmonstone & Officers in 
Garrison at Fort Pitt 
Sept: 21 st : 1769 — 

188 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Sep*. 23*. 1769 
Dear Sir 

I have Gott Some Servants from Dublin amoungst w h . is a 
Gardner w b . by Acounts and from the Conversation I have had 
with him I blive is Master of his busness and a Sober Man he has 
a Wife a Good Cleanly Well looking Woman they are boath 
bound for three years the Woman Seems with child I Send them 
with y e . berrer Agreeable to My promis and hope he will answer 
your Honors Expectians and his wife will be an aditision to the 
frutfull Johnson Hall 

I have Likewise gott a Very Good Bricklear w h . if you Should 
Want you May have for the Winter as Soon as I gett a Cuple of 
Chimneys built w b . will be Don in a fortnight thire Indentures is 
Nott yett Come to hand butt I will Take them Down Myself — 

I am Sir with Great Respect y r . honers Most Obeident & 
hum b,e . 

Geo: Croghan 

To the Hon ble . SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON Banc*. 

INDORSED: 1 Sept br . 23 d . 1769 
M r . Croghans Letter 


A. L. S. 2 

New york Sep 1 . 24 ih : 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letter of the 12 th . In st ., and shall advance 
you Such Sums as you may require for the Purchase of Indian 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Harvand College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 189 

Goods in England where they May certainly be had much 
cheaper than in this Country, and if you can depend on those you 
employ, of a better Quality than what is occasionaly found in the 
Merchant's stores here. / 

By Lord Hillsborough's Letter to me of the 1 5 th July the Sum 
allowed to your Department Should be increased £1000. His 
Lordship writes as follows. "I need not now inform you that the 
King's Intentions is to confine his whole Expence in the Indian 
Country to £5000. P r : Annum for the Northern District." From 
hence it would require Consideration what Sums you think proper 
to allow at each of the Posts. The officers Commanding there 
have the Strongest orders not to incurr Expences, nor would I let 
them know that any Sums are allowed with regard to the Inter- 
preters and Smiths as you have already discharged them from 
your Department. I think I may Safely pay them till the 
Provinces appoint them. I have acquainted the Commanders 
of the Forts of this, and desired they would procure them as cheap 
as they could, So this Expence will not appear in your Depart- 

The Escape of the two Indian Prisoners from the Detroit does 
not Surprize me, as I think almost every Prisoner they have had 
at that Place has escaped. It would have been better if they had 
been delivered up to their Nation in a proper Manner. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir W m . Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: Septb r . 24 th . 1769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

190 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York y* 25 th . Sep' 1769 
Happening to be with General Gage yesterday [I he]ard him 
telling Cap 1 Maturin that you were going to send a sum of money 
to England for Indian Goods [I took] the liberty to ask the Gen 1 
if he knew from whom you Imported them; he told me he did 
not ; but gave me leave to Offer my servis to you to purchase them 
for you in England, where I shall go this fall, and return in the 
Spring, if you are not Engagd I shall be much Oblidg d . to you 
for that Business, and shall take care you have the Goods on the 
lowest terms. I beg your pardon (as I have not the honour of 
being known to you) for taking this liberty; and if I should be so 
happy as to receive your Commands a letter directed for me to be 
left at the Generals will come safe to hand am 


Your most Obed*. hum e Serv 1 . 

Sam Kemble 


S r . William Johnson Bart', 

Johnson Hall 

indorsed: 1 N York 7 br . 25 th . 1769 
M r . Sam 1 . Kempbells 

A. L. S. 

New York the 25th Sep'. 1769 

Deprivd of your Agreable Favours, The Errand of this Serves 
only to advise you, that I have att last met with Some Dutch 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 191 

Pantiles; the person has more than will Suffice for the Building 
He tells me He will take £12 ^ Thousand for them, I Suppose 
less than 2 thousand will do for you ; what the Rft 1 will come to 
I do not know, the Skippers cant tell me; if you will please to 
Send me An Order I will immediately Send you the Quantity 
you want provided they are not in the Meantime Sold — Your 
immediate Answer with your further Commands will be punc- 
tually complyd with by 

Sir Your most Obed 1 Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson B l 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: N York [ ] 

M'. Wether [ ] 

concern^. [ 


New York 25 th . Sept r . 1769 
Dear Sir 

Letters Patent coming from Home is a New thing, all that ever 
I saw were no more than Mandamus's, S r . Jeffry Amherst has 
One among many others, but Friedenbergs 2 on Lake Champlain 
is the only singular piece of the kind that has appeard before us, 
It locates the quantity (30,000 Acres) & exonerates it from Quit 
Rent for ten Years, not one of the others are exempt a Moment, 
The Reduc'd officers indeed are who petition under the Kings 
Proclamation & However be yours what it will, great Care shall 

1 Uncertain. River freight possibly intended. 

2 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 449 and Calendar of Council 
Minutes, p. 533. 

192 Sir William Johnson Papers 

be taken to send it you safe, & I congratulate you on the Occasion 
if it be a favourite Object — 

I wish the Indians may continue quiet, tho I cant see it's long 
to be expected, while our own behaviour is so strange & incon- 
sistent & the Colonys if it is left to them will make a queer Olio 
of it, as they do of every thing else that requires union Money — 

I am desired by a Correspondent at Montreal to send you 
Cadots two Bills on you, both dated S l . Marys 3 d . July, the One 
for £80. .3. . the other £156. .8. . 10 this Curry., with a desire 
that you wou'd be so good as to order the payment here & You 
are the best Judge of their Merrits or Demerrits, which is a Mat- 
ter entirely unknown to me, but I take it for granted if they are 
jusly due, they will be treated accordingly — I hope this may 
find you entirely recover'd of you hurt & with my Compliments 
to S r . John & Coll°. Johnson remain 

Your Letter for M r Penn shall go soon, D r . S r . 

by a good Conveyance Y r . Most Humb e serv' 

Jn°. Watts 

S R . Will Johnson 


S r . Will Johnson 
Barr 1 . Johnson Hall, County of 

To the Care of M r Monier 

INDORSED: Sepb r . 25 th . [ ] 

The Hon bl * John [ ] 

rec d . 8 br . 2 d . 
Ans d . Oct r . 4 th 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 193 

D. S. 
Schenectady, September 26, 1769 
D r . Sir William Johnson Baronet in Account 


Nov r 26 To Your Ace 1 . Furnish d . this day 3468. 14 

28 To 2 1 y ds . fine white Flannel 4/3 4. 5 
" To 4 y ds . Ditto Yallow Ditto 4/ 16 

To 1 piece Silk Binding 6 

" To 51 y^. Ditto Ditto /2 8.6 

" To 1 B Small white Beeds 4 5.19.6 

Dec r 5 To 2 tt Green Tea & Cannesters 3 . 8 

To 1 y d . Crimson Velvet 2 5.8 

12 To4 Cl 1 q 3» Sweeds Iron 45/ 9.12.5 
To 2 : O : O Common Flat Ditto 

38/ 3.16 

" To 53" English Steel 1/ 2.13 

" To Carrege to the Hall 10 16.11 


Jany 7 To the Amount of a Pleasure 

Slead 1 1 

Feby 9 To Amount of a Set Harnish 7.15 

March 9 To Cash paid for Riding 3 Bat- 
toes over y e Carrying Place 2.16 

April 28 To Cash paid your order in 

favour Jn°. Ferrall 1 52 . 9 . 4 

May 8 To 12 y ds Fine Holand Tyck 

9/ 5. 8 

1 Should be 20. 


194 Sir William Johnson Papers, 

May 1 7 To 3 pair Small Stockings 3/ 9 

" To 3 pair Ditto 3/6 10. 6 

" To 4 Paid Ditto 4/3 17 1.16. 6 

June 1 7 To Sundries T^ Bill Furnishd 

M r . Adams 156.19. 6 

19 To 6 y ds . Breeton 12 3.12 

To 3 Skanes Silk & 2 Ditto 

Twist 3. 9 

" To 2 y ds Jain 5 

To 10 Skanes Thread 1 . 6 

To ]% y ds . Shalloon 3/9 6. 6Y 2 4.8 

" To 49«/ 2 y ds . Green Frise 3 /3 8 . 1 0|/ 2 
To |/2y d . fine Scarlet Cloath 18. 6 
To 1 '/2 Doz 11 . Large Basket 
Butt s & 2 Doz" Small do 3.9 

To" To 4 pair Stock 5 4/6 18 

Amount Sent over £[ 

Current with Daniel Campbell C r . 


Jany. 28 By your Bill on Abraham Mortier Esq r 1 500 
March 4 By your Ditto on Ditto 2000 

July 28 By Cash Allow'd for a pipe 

wine 40 

By Cash Allowed in Ex- 
change of the Lot 210 250 

Amount Sent over 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 195 

D r Sir William Johnson Baronet in Ace 1 . 

To Amount Brought Forward 3849 . 7 [ 


June 19 To Cash paid Lieu*. Benja- 
min Roberts 200 
27 To 16|/ 2 fl Hollan Cheese 

\/Vi 18 [63/ 4 ] 

July 5 To 2 Kegs Biscaks 16 1 . 12 

To 3 O. Gun powder £ 1 2 36 
To Carrege up to Onida 

Lake 2.8- 40 

To 3 Barrells Porke & Carrege up 

from Albany to y Hall 16 16 

£4107 2 2'/ 2 
Errors Excepted this 
26 th September 1 769 

Daniel Campbell 

Current with Dan 1 . Campbell C r . 

By Amount Brought Forward 3750 - — 

By Ballance due D. C. 357 2 2/ 2 

£4107 2 2'/ 2 

INDORSED:' Daniel Campbell Esq rs . 
Acc» to 26 th . 7 br . 1 769 
£4107 2 2/2 

In Johnson's hand. 

196 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Detroit SepK 30 th . 1769 

Inclosed is a Copy of a Speech made by the Shawanese the 

] l Instant before the Different Tribes. Some People 

are very Suspicious that an Indian War is not far of although I 

think it cannot be very formidable, unless they are asissted by the 

French or Spaniards — 

There is not the Least Instruction as yet come to this Post 
Relative to Indian affairs Excepting a Letter from Colonel 
Croghan Dated in march last acquainting me that the Interpreters 
and Gun Smith were to be kept up in Fact they never have been 
Discharged, its very Evident that the Kings Service cannot be 
Carryed on without them nor can any Commanding officer help 
giving some Provisions and Some Little Trifles now and then to 
Indians I am with Great Respect 

Your most Obedient and 
most Humble Servant 

Geo: Turnbull 
Sir William Johnson 

INDORSED: [Cap 1 . Turn] bulls Letter 

| Shawanese Speech 

A. L. 5. 

New York 2 Oct'. 1769 


I take the first opportunity of Informing your Excellency of 
return here, & to return you my most unfeigned thanks for the 
many favors I have received from you — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 197 

But as my Situation in Life requires the Assistance of my 
freinds I am once more obligd to intrude on your Goodness, 
which I hope your Excellency will excuse — 

There is a number of the Inhabitants of this place are de- 
termined to pettition the Lieut 1 Governor to remove the present 
Coroner, & as I flatter myself that I have some freinds who will 
endeavor to procure it for me, I am Convinced a Letter from your 
Excellency to the Lieu 1 Governor or M r Oliver Delancy would 
be a means of procuring it, & it woud add to the many Obliga- 
tions I am under to your Excellency Your Excellency will 
please to observe that the appointment comes on the 28 or 30 th 
Ins 1 I am with very great respect 

Your Excellancys 

Most ObR & much 
Obliged Hum S« 

John Levine 
INDORSED: N York 2 d . October 1769 
Doctor Levines Letter 1 

A. L. S. 

[ New York, Oct. 2, 1769] 
In a Letter I have this Moment receivd from Coll°. Croghan of 
the 7th Sep r . I am informed that as Soon as M r Hays Accounts 
were Settled you woud remitt me a Bill for the Amount, I there- 
fore take the Liberty of Sending you the Account enclosd of 
Such Bills as I have receivd upon Coll° Croghan, advising you 
att the Same time that the Money for the Accounts due last 
March, is ready in M r Newtons hands & he tells me He only 
waits your orders to pay it; As I was assurd Some time ago by 
Coll° Croghan that as Soon as the Generalls Warrants were 
issued for that Money & that You got home from the Indian 

In Johnson's hand. 

198 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Country I shoud hav those Drafts paid, in Consequence of which 
I orderd a Person to draw upon me for £400 which I accepted 
& which as I am Still disappointed of your Drafts, remains to my 
very great Dishonour Unpaid — My Earnest Request to you 
Good sir, is to entreat the favour of you to Send me by the first 
Opportunity the Necessary Drafts that I may recover the Money 
from M r Mortier, for untill Such Time as I get it, my Credit 
will Suffer in Some Sort, because my being disapointed of the 
Drafts, is no Excuse to the person who holds the Bills Against 
me — I well know your kindness & Friendship will excuse this 
plain & Candid Application — I will therefore conclude by 
assuring You that your kind Compliance will ever be considered 
as a Very particular favour done to 

Sir Your most Obed f Servant 

John Wetherhead 

Payable last half Years Ace* 
Coll° Croghan D r 

To Jehu Hays Dft of the 24 feby 1 769 at £385-1 2 

To D° 25 feby 150 - 


Cash rec d 
From M" Morris Lett r Middleton 168 6 3 

Ballance due last Yl year 

Ace' £367 5 9 
Coll° Croghan D r 

To Jehu Hays Dft due last M° 283 12 2 

The Whole Ballance of those Dfts £650 17 11 
due from Coll° Croghan to J W 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar' 

Johnson Hall 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


[ ] 

Ans d 

that I had paid | 

Ace" by Draft, & [ 

an Order upon me for | 

M r . Adems then at [ 

on Showing him my [ 

it as soon as he got it from 



A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 2 d October 1769 
Dear Sir 

Your favour of yesterday have had the pleasure of Receiving 
Agreeable to which have Sent you the Green Cloath & Trimings 
Suitable for the Same which goes in Care of M r Fondas Clark 
who promisd me he would forward the Same to you 

I Also In Consequence of Your Orders have Inclosed your 
Account Current Balance in my favour £396. .19. . 3|/£ which 
upon Examination youll find Right — the Green Cloath I have 
Charged three Shillings p r Yard less than what I have Sold to 
Others — & when you See it in the peice you'll think it Cheap, 
but there is no Judging by litle Samples 

Lieu* M c Dugal had a Barrell Madeira Wine from me at Fort 
Ontario Amounted to £19. .5.0 which he wrote me to Charge 
the Same to you, which it Seems was in lieu of a Barrell you had 
from him as he passed by Fort Stanwix when you held the Con- 
gress there this time Twelve Month however I have not Charged 
you with it before I have your Abrobation — I had your Ac- 
count drawn out & finished before Brant had the Rum the 

In Johnson's hand. 

200 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Amount of which you have Inclosed as Also that of the Green 
Cloath &c — 

Youll find Credit in your Account for £40 for the pipe of 
Wine which was Broakn Coming from Albany, & also £2 1 be- 
ing Balance of what was Coming in Exchange of the Lott — In 
Regard to the pipe of wine which I have Sent up I am Concious 
that I took more pains to get it Good then if I had been Buying 
for my Self, when the Wine Comes to be fine, if you do not think 
it well worth the money I will take it back, as it would distress 
me greatly to think of puting any thing unto your hands that was 
not Agreeable to you 

M rs Campbell joins me in Compliments & am 

Dear Sir Respectfully 
Your most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: 1 Octb r . 2 d . 1769 

Dan 1 . Campbel Esq rs . letter 
with his Acc tl . 



Schenectady 3 l/ Oct'. 1769 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Bought of Dan 1 . Campbell 

4 Barrels & 1 Keg Rum Con'g. 1 38|/ 2 G s 3/ 20 : 1 5 :6 

4 Barrells for Ditto (Delivered Brant) 1: -:- 21:15:6 

1 Yards Green Cloath 25/ 12:10:- 

1 4 y ds . Shalloon 3/9 2:12:6 

1 y ds . Jeans 2/6 1:5:- 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 201 

7 Sticks Twist 

2 pair knee garters 

3 Doz n . Coat Basket Buttons 
6 Ditto Jackett Ditto Ditto 

1 Ounce Silk 

2 y ds . Buckrim 

2 Ounces Thread 







6 - 


18: 1:7 


INDORSED: 1 Daniel Campbells Ace* 
OcuV. 3 d . 1 769 
£39 17 1 

Df. 2 

Johnson hall Oct. 4 th . 1769 
Dear Sir, 

I am favored with yours of the 26 th . ult°. and I think from the 
Circumstances you Mention you had some reason to Suspect that 
the Land you Speak of would have been granted away tho' from 
what I know concerning it I can hardly think, the Governor would 
have given his Countenance to it as I am certain it would have 
been highly disapproved of by Government, He particularly 
desired me to get it Surveyed, that he might fall upon some 
Method of Securing it to the Conajoharees on a better & more 
Solid footing. — 

I wish I could Serve you, and I do Assure you I readily would 
use my Endeavors to prevail on them to admit the patent was it 
at all practicable, but it is really not to be done for the Indians of 
that Village are already sensible that their Children must from 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

202 Sir William Johnson Papers 

being surrounded on all Sides have recourse to Farming of some 
sort, and as they were always lamenting that they had so little 
land left, they were very happy on discovering the Extent of the 
Vacancy, insomuch that I am fully persuaded that any applica- 
tion for it, would greatly disgust them. 

The Manner of your asking my Assistance is Extremely Con- 
sistent, I am only concerned that it is not in my power to demon- 
strate my inclination of Serving You as you desire, which you 
may Assure yourself nothing but its being impracticable prevents 
and that I am always with great regard, 

D r Sir &ca 

October 4 th 1 769 
To J. T. Kempt Esq r . 
Attorney General. 



Johnson hall Ocf. 4"\ 1769 

I had the favor of your Letter Concerning the purchase of 
Indian Goods in England ; As I have often imported Such Goods 
and had dealings with the Manufactorers themselves, I am So far 
engaged as to the purchase of them, that I cannot do myself the 
pleasure of making use of your Offer, but Should you think the 
freight an object worth your Attention I shall direct them to be 
Shipped on board of your Vessel as I should be always glad to 
render you any service in my power 

I am, 
Sir, &c 


To Cap'. Kemble 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 203 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 435, is listed a letter of October 4th to 
Lieutenant Governor Colden about Johnson's late accident, measures for 
securing to the Conajoharees certain lands, the proposed plan of dividing 
Albany county, the reform of the militia as carried out by Governor 
Moore and vacancies for which Johnson recommends Lieutenant Augustin 
Prevost and Peter B. Vrooman (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:954-56; 
Q, 2:552-53). 

D/. 1 

Johnson hall Oct' 4< h 1769 
Dear Sir, 

I thank you for your favor of the 25 th ult°. and your kind 
promise of taking care to forward my Patent, it is Indeed a 
favorite Object, being a Tract that was granted me by the Indians 
unasked for Nine Years ago, They said that as many of them 
were much in my debt since I had Commercial Concerns they had 
resolved to make me that Acknowledgment whilst they Yet had 
Land left, however their presents are pretty Expensive to the 
Receiver, for this has Since Cost me above £2000, to them. — 
It lyes between the 2 Canada Creeks at the German flatts, & 
Contains above 100,000 Acres of fine Land, — I long laboured to 
get a patent for it and at Last applied to his Majesty who has 
been pleased to grant it me by his own Letters Patent, under the 
Great Seal; the 8 th day of June last. I have already received a 
Copy of it and the terms are very advantagious It is forever 
free of Quit rent, except an Ann 1 . Acknowledgment of two 
Beaver Skins, & sets forth that it is granted in Testimony of my 
Services, a Circumstance that enhances its Value with me. — 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwrit- 
ing of Guy Johnson. 

204 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r . Adems who now goes to N York has directions to pay 
Cadots 1 Money to you, but there is a Mistake of £1 8 . 3 . 1 in the 
Bills, so that he will pay you £2 1 8 . 8s which is what Cadots pay 
ammounts to. — 

You may recollect that I spoke to you when you was here 
about the Division for the New County, since which a petition to 
the Assembly is gone down, & will be laid before the House by 
Capt De Lancey signed by all the Men of property In these parts 
I must beg your friendly offices in its favor as I can truly assure 
you that it proposes the only bounds fitting for the purpose. 

Sir John & Col Johnson send their best Comp s & I am 

with great truth D r S r 

The Honble John Watts Esqr. 


A. L. S. 

New york 5 Ocf. 1769 


Deprivd of your Agreable favours, permitt me to acquaint you 
that our friend Coll Fitch has a Vessell just arrivd with Very 
fine Wines from Madeira, which will Come at a very reasonable 
price He writes me He will Send me a few pipes to dispose of 
for him Shoud you have Occasion for any, let me begg your 
Orders, because it will be doing M r Fitch a very particular Serv- 
ice at this Time I have already receivd 2 pipes from him, which 
I think are exceeding good — if Any are awanting or indeed if 
you are not in immediate Want, it will perhaps be worth your 
while to buy 2 or 3 pipes of those Wines. I shall be very glad of 
your Commands for this Or Any other Articles you may have 
Occasion for & in the Mean time have the Honor to Subscribe 
myself with great Truth — 

Sir Your most Obed' Servant 
John Wetherhead 

1 Baptiste Cadot, in government service at Michilimackinac and St 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 205 

Coll° Cole is this Moment arrivd from New Orleans & intends 
going up on Monday Next to wait on you 

Hon ble . Sir William Johnson B f 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 
^ M' William Johnson Hall 


INDORSED: 1 M r . Wetherheads letter 
8K 5*. 1 769 
Ans rd . 28 th . D°. 
& Sent for 3 pipes of Wine 
He is to receive for me from 
Gov r . Penn£l13..18..10 

A. Df. S. 

Johnson Hall Octob r . 6"". 1769 

Your favour of the 18 lh . Ult°. I received, and have directed 
M r . Adems, the Bearer of this, to Discharge that Draft of L l . 
Roberts to Harrison which you say you have paid. — also the 
Ballance of my Ace 1 , with you, So that we may begin a new. I 
am in hopes that the L l . Governours Administration may be tran- 
quil, otherwise it may Shorten the Old Gentlemans Days, as I 
hear he is now verry infirm. I have directed M r . Adems to view 
the Dutch Tiles, and if good & Cheap to bring them up with 
him. — You forgot to send me Hamiltons receipt for the Tooth 
Ach, pray send it now by the Bearer, I am in want of it. 

I am with kind regards to you & M rs . Wetherhead, Sir 

Y r . Wellwisher 

& Humble Servant 

W Johnson 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

206 Sir William Johnson Papers 

P. S. As my Books dont answer 

exactly with your Acc ts . probably 

on Ace', of the Fees of some of the 

Patents, I should be glad you would 

order my whole Ace*. D r . & C r . to be drawn 

out & sent me. 

M R . Wetherhead 

INDORSED: Octb r . 6 th . 1769 

To M'. Wetherhead 
by M r . Adems 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall, October 6 th . 1 769, Received from His Excellency 
the Honourable Thomas Gage Commander in Cheif of the Army 
in America, the Sum of Two thousand Five Hundred Pounds 
Sterling being the Amount of my half Years Sallary and Allow- 
ance for the Expences of the Indian Department, from the 24 ,l \ 
of March to the 25 th of September 1 769 both Days Included — 

W, Johnson 


Schenectady 7 th . Ocf. 1769 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Bought of Dan 1 . Campbell 

2 p s . Ribbonds 


1. 8 

1 p s . Broad Ditto 

1. 2 

8 Painted Looking Glasses 

1 . 2 

5 y ds . Green Penniston 



3 Night Caps 


10y d *. Black Ribbond 



Post-War Period, 1763-/774 207 

1 pair Small Stockings 

2 - 

1 pair Buckles 

2 - 

3 Barrells Rum 96 Gallons 


14. 8 - 

3 Barrells 


15 - 

1 Box 

2 - 

5 y ds . Callicoe 


1. 2.6 



INDORSED: 1 Octb r . 7 th . 1769 

Dan 1 . Campbells Ace*. 
£ 21 16 10 


A. D. 

The Honourable Sir William Johnson Bar* 

To' William Johnston D r . 

To my wages as smith for the Indians att Michilimackinac att 
£100 New York Currency p r Year Commencing from the 5 th 
Aprill 1 768 to October 7 th 1 769 

To smiths tools for the Use of the Indians £150 11 - 

To 1 Large Rubber file 8 — 

1|/2 Doz n Large flat files 1 7 - 

14 small D° 17 8 

2 Large Round D° 6 - 

9 small D° D° 12 - 

6 half Round Ruffs 7 6 

1 half Round Bastard 3 - 

2 half Round smooths D° 6 
1 flat smooth D° 3 - 
Yl Doz n Rattaill D° 6 - 

3 wand files 3 — 
1 Doz n file handles 4 - 

In Johnson's hand. 

208 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Yi Doz n Drill stocks 3 - 

1 Quarter" of Borax 1 - 

2 screw plates 1 4 - 
1 hand Vuice 1 6 — 
9 H of sats for hardening 13 6 
5 n of tallow for tempering 7 6 

3 planes 18 — 

4 Chisels 12 - 
1 Drill Bow 8 - 
1 bag with work for gun Locke 2 

£163 6 2 
Riding at y e . 2 Carrying places 1 1 4 - 

£164 10 2 
Ace', of Coal Wood &". 1 27 18 - 

£192 8 2 


W. Johnston smith at 
Michilimacinacs Ace 1 , 
to the 7 th Octb'. 1 769 
£192 8 2 

D/. 2 

Dear Sir/ Johnson hall Oct'. 7*. 1769 

I have been favored with your Letters of the 10th and 24th 
ult°. and am glad you approve of the purchase of Goods in Eng- 
land which is certainly for the best, especially as Can have them 
from persons well acquainted with goods with whom I have 
formerly had dealings. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 209 

The additional £1000 3$ Ann for the Indian Departm 1 . is as 
little as could be made, it will just enable me to keep up those 
Officers most essentially necessary, with regard to Expences to be 
incurred at the posts, It is Extremely difficult to form any Judg- 
ment as it is impossible to pay any of it out of the Small Allow- 
ance to the Department the whole of which is too little even for 
Ann 1 Meet§ s with the diff' Confederacies So is it uncertain what 
the Expence may be, because it depends on Circumstances that 
Cannot be foreseen, and Greatly on the Judgment and Integrity 
of the Commandants, I suppose whatever might be allowed would 
be Spent and it w d . require a good knowledge of the Indians to 
husband it properly, I have observed to the Government that as 
it is the Way of keeping peace made use of by the Indians to 
meet frequently, so we can never Expect a Continuance of peace 
with them unless We have Annual Meetings with the Con- 
federacies, or at Least as often as may be for repeating past 
Transactions & renewing Treaties which is the way they preserve 
these things in remembrance, and had I been enabled to have met 
the Western Ind s . this Year as perhaps it would have been better 
— the principal Confederacies are the Six Nations & Western 
Indians, each must be Seperately treated with. There is besides, 
the Ind s . of Canada, & the Indians [ ] &ca who both 

require some Notice & Attention, My design [ 
the Expense of the few Officers remaining without whom 
[ ] be conducted to dispose of the rest of the £5,000 

in | ]ting & other incidental Expences in the 

best manner Which if it can be done will be as much as can 
possibly [be] Expected from so small a Sum amongst so many 
efforts purposes, without admitting of any other 

Articles of Expense 

I daresay the Government must be so sensible of 
Necessity of Interpreters & Smiths that they can have no 
obj [ection] to your keeping them up till the Provinces do some- 
thing [ ] 

I now transmit you Capt MacLeods & Hays Accots 
me[ntioned] in a former Letter, and have taken the Liberty 

210 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of Desireing M r Adems to apply to you for half a Years allow- 
ance according to the Late regulation. As they have directed 
a particular Sum, I thought that was [ ] best mode of 

receiving it, and I hope it will meet with [your] Approbation. — 
if otherwise you will please to direct me 


To Gen'. Gage 


A. D. S. 

M'. Adems/ J oh » so » Hall > ° dfcr " 7 * /769 

Pay unto Cap 1 . Normand MacLeod the Sum of 
One Hundred & twenty Eight Pounds Eleven 
Shilling & five pence Six Sevenths New York 
Curr c y. on Ace'. 

of Y r . Humble Servant 

£128.56/7 W Johnson 

To M r . Robert Adems 

Verso: New York the 8 th Nov. 1769 

Received the within in full 
Nor d . MacLeod 

A. L. S. 
Dfar Sir Schenectady the 7 lh October 1769 

Your favour of the 4 ,h Ins 1 , have had the pleasure of Receiving 
Agreeable to which have Furnished the Bearer with Goods to 
the Amount of £2 1 . . 1 6 . . 1 at the Cheapest prices — I am 
much Obliged to you In Recommending the Young beginers to 

Inclosed I Send you the Bill parcel — I hope the Green 
Cloath Came Safe to hand I Sent it up in Care of M r Fondas 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 211 

Clark, who promised me he would forward it by a Safe hand — 
by the next Opportunity I Shall Send you the Signs — 
M rs Campbell Begs her Compliments & am Dear Sir very 

Your most Obed' hble Ser 1 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson B [ ] 

INDORSED: 1 October 7 th . 1769 

Daniel Campbel Esq rs letter 
with his Ace 1 . — 

A. D. S. 

M«. Adems/ J° h ™» Hal1 0cibr - 7 "- }769 

Pay unto Co 1 . Guy Johnson or Order on Demand 

out of the Money which You are to receive from 

M r . W m . Newton on my Acc f . the Sum of One 

Hundred Pounds York Curc v . & charge it to Ace 1 . 

of Y r . Humble Servant , vr T 

W Johnson 

To M R . Robert Adems 


A. L. S.- 
Dear Sir. New York 0cK 9 ' K > 769 

I inclose you a Copy of a Speech delivered lately to Cap 1 . 
Edmonstone at Fort Pitt. The concealed Indian who gave it 
you may no doubt be able to discover; least you should not, it 
is the Same who lately brought Dispatches from Fort Chartres. 
I wrote to Captain Edmonstone concerning Reports of ill usage 
to Indians at Fort-Pitt. He assures upon his Honour they are 

' In Johnson's hand. 

- In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

212 Sir William Johnson Papers 

false, that they have never been refused Refreshments at his 
Post, as far as he could Supply them; tho' it is true he could 
not Sometimes give every thing they demanded, or he must have 
wanted Provisions for his Garrison. 

The Account of the Return of the Spaniards and Seizing the 
Principal French at New-Orleans, who were concerned in the 
Revolt against Don Ulloa, I imagine it will be right to send 
amongst the Indian Nations and I have therefore desired Cap 1 : 
Edmonstone to acquaint them with that Intelligence. You will 
hear the Particulars of the Arrival, Force, and Proceedings of 
Count O'Reily from M r . Cole who was present at New-Orleans 
when the Spaniards arrived there. Mons r . Aubry and all the 
French Troops I am informed are to go home immediately. If 
the Indians have determined upon War against the English with 
the Expectations of Assisstance from the French, this News may 
oblige them to change their Sentiments with regard to Hostilities. 

I have the honour to be with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

S*. W- Johnson Bar': Th ° S - Gage 

INDORSED : New York Octb r . 9 th . 1 769 

Genr 1 . Gages letter 
w th . an Enclosure 


Extract 1 

Westchester, October 10, 1769 

At the particular Desire of D r . Auchmuty & D r Cooper I went 

the last Summer to pay a Visit to S r . W m . Johnson, — a Journey 

of upwards of 200 Miles. I was so unfortunate as to miss of 

1 Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. B series, 
Vol. 2. New York 1759-1782. Part II. Transcript in Library of 
Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 213 

seeing S r . William, who set out for the Seneca's Country, a few 
hours before I arrived. I spent some Days with his Son in Law, 
Col 1 . Guy Johnson, & preached on a Sunday at the Church at 
Johnstown, to a Congregation of more than 200 People, mostly 
Germans; & baptised several children. Col 1 . Guy Johnson told 
me that Sir William had heard I was upon the Road, & that he 
had explain'd himself to him, with Regard to the Mission at 
Johnstown: But I could learn Nothing more from him, than that 
S r . William would give the House & Glebe of 25 Acres of Land, 
& 30£ <p? r Annum. The Country is naturally a very fine one, 
but it will take many Years to cultivate it. The Glebe will 
require a great Deal of Labour and Expence before it will be 
profitable; & the People in the Neighbourhood are I apprehend 
so far from being able to do any Thing for their Minister, that 
they will rather expect Assistance from him. S r . William I 
beleive, from his general Character, would do more than he has 
promised, but his Life is very uncertain. I cannot therefore 
think that the present Encouragement is sufficient for a Clergy- 
man with a Family. Possibly it might do to join the Mohawks 
Missions, if S r . William liked it, with this at Johnstown, for the 
present; These Places are I think, not more than twelve Miles 
apart, & the Emoluments of both, I am confident, would not more 
than answer the Expence. — I write to the Society without Re- 
serve; & I am certain their Goodness will put the most candid 
Construction upon what I write, — The same Necessity that there 
is for Missionaries in these Places, the same Necessity there is 
that they be well supported : They will otherwise be dispised by 
the Indians and consequently disregarded. 

D. S. 
Stonerabie October II th . 1769 
To the Hon ble . SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON Bar' & ca . 

We received the honour of Your Letter Dated 10 th Instant, 
and in answer thereto beg leave to inform You That when we 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

laid out the Road now complained of, we appointed M r Merchell 
one of the Commissioners to see that Road kept in Order, and 
appointed him a Number of men to him welknown to keep it 
in order; and we are informed that the people have worked on it 
their Six Days and repaired it as far that way as Our patent is 
inhabited, Two Family's are since moved of, which we knew 
not of before and makes that party weaker, the many Roads the 
people have to work on, and lateness of the Season gives us such 
Uneasiness, that we do not really know how to proceed in it this 
Season, being not well acquainted with the power we have, or 
have not, the people having Worked their Six Days, are exces- 
sively averse to work more. We should be extreamly glad to 
have it in our power to content You in this and every thing else 
whilt we have the Honour of being Sir 

Your most humble Servants 

(Henrich?) Merkell 


Severines S D Deygert 

Peter PK Krems 

Isaac Paris 


To the Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

Johnson Hall 



Letter from [ 
Comis rs . 8 br . [ 
Ans rd . 12 th . 




In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 215 


Johnson hall Oct'. 12'K 1769 
Dear Sir/ 

I was agreably favored with your Letter of the 1 5 lh . ult°. 
with the inclosures for which I give you my best thanks as they 
contain many usefull hints and observations and illustrate the 
sentiments of people at home, however I am pretty well assured 
that whatever may be the prejudices of a few concerning the late 
Transactions or any thing else, the Majority are of a different way 
of Thinking and whether they are or not, so long as I am conscious 
of having discharged my duty as I ought I am indifferent about 
the matter, — What you have been So kind as to hint concerning 
the Views of the person 2 puffed off in the Papers, or those of his 
friends for him, may be very right as to some of them, but as on 
the one hand it can give me no Concern, so on the other it is 
highly improbable that persons of consequence could be so far 
imposed upon, in a Matter of so much importance. 

With regard to the passage in my Letter which you seem to be 
at a Loss about, my Meaning regarded the objections of the 
Ministry which seem chiefly to arise from the extent of the 
Traders & others Grants which they say his Majesty will not now 
Confirm, and think that it should rather have been left intirely 
to the Crown without mentioning it in the Transactions. Altho' 
my Friendship, and good Wishes towards the sufferers may have 
led me to espouse their Cause, & to Serve them with more Warmth 
than others would have done I nevertheless still think that as it 
was a matter which had before met with the approbation of 
Government, & was only fullfilling an Engagement the Indians 
[previously entered into, I am Justified as to my part in the 

1 In the handwriting of Guy Johnson except the last paragraph, which 
is in that of Sir William. 

2 Apparently Robert Rogers, who went to England in 1 769, and 
enjoyed a temporary popularity there. 

216 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Affair having acted on the most equitable as well as dis [interested] 
principles, And I am still in hopes that after a [ ] 

by proper Application to his Majesty the Traders will obtain it 

Agreable to y r . desire I have settled [ ] Ace 1 , with 

M r . Croghan w h . amounted to £37 [5s. 3d.] Pensl va . Money or 
£42 . . 3 . .6 York Cur c >\ — Notwithstanding which I am verry 
desireous of being excused having any thing farther to do in 
] Affair, and have given directions to M r . Croghan con- 
cerning it. 1 

I am 
& ca . 

[ ]klin 

INDORSED: October 12 th 1769 
To his Excellency 
Gov r . Franklin 
2 Constantine Dougharty of Huntingdon [County] 
John Bartholomew of D°. County 
John Walley of Freehold £20 

a Mortgage on the Land for ab l . 2000 Acres on y [ 
Adageghteinge Creek opposite Harpers Land 


Albany the 1 3"'. Oct'. 1769 

Hon d . Sir, 

as I have been called on and shall be again the latter end of 
this month for the money due on a bond from Martin Walter & 
Michael Kennan to William Tremper one of the obligors is a 
Tenant of yours and I desisted prosecuting him on your En- 
gagem'. to pay the money by him You was furnished with a state 
of the bond & the moneys due thereon If I mistake not You'll 
please to observe if it was not therein men d . it is proclamation or 

1 See letter of George Croghan to Johnson, V: 128-30. 

2 A memorandum in Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 217 

Philadelphia money If it is not Inconvenient to you I would be 
glad youd please to Transmit it to me excuse the trouble I may 
give you herein I am Sir 

Your very 

Humble Serv f . 

P. Silvester 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar'. 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 M r . Silvesters letter 
8K 13' h . 1769 
Ans rd . Octb r . 20 th 
& desired M r . Adems to 
pay him 
Joseph Narrows of Stillwater owes W m . 
Russel 133 G 1Is . of West Ind a . Rum— 2 Horses 

D/. 2 

Johnson Hall Oct'. 15*. 1769 

I am favoured with yours of the 30 th , Sept r . enclosing me a 
Letter from M r . Croghan, and am much obliged to you for the 
particulars you have communicated to me with regard to the pro- 
ceedings at Lancaster the Minutes of which I shall be glad to 
be favoured with, as soon as convenient. 

It gives me satisfaction to find that the Meeting ended so Satis- 
factorily & without any material disputes, which are generally 
the consequence of persons interposing in public affairs to serve 
private purposes — 

The Release given by the Proprietaries as mentioned in your 
Letter was formerly shewn to me by the Onondagas & was by 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

218 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them carried to their Nation, neither have I any other Deeds, or 
papers relative to that affair 

Our Encroachments have been in a great measure the Subject 
of the Indians complaints for some time past, and I cannot but 
think that natural marks are to be greatly preferred to imaginary 
Lines in dealings with them, as their ignorance of the Latter must 
give occasion to many disputes, for which reason whenever such 
Survey as you have mentioned is made, I should be glad to have 
a Map thereof, and in the mean time whenever the Indians shall 
apply to me, I shall candidly give them my advice & Sentiments 
thereon — 

I am much obliged to you for your friendly communicating 
what [ ] heard from Fred k Post' as also for your promise 

of sending me a Copy of the Assemblys Remonstrance when it 
can be procured. As I flatter myself that I executed my Duty 
at Easton as became a faithfull Servant [of] the Crown, & 
Supporter of the Indians lawfull Claims, it gives [me] little 
concern what ever can be Remonstrated ag st my conduct 
thro [ugh] malice or party prejudice — 

Whenever my conscience shall accuse me of unfair dealings I 
may perhaps dread the lashes of a Satirical pen, but whilst I am 
within myself convinced of a contrary behaviour I shall look down 
with the utmost contempt upon all Detraction & Invective — 

As I am very apprehensive that the Settlement intended by the 
People of Connecticut may if attempted to be put in Execution 
produce some dangerous consequences, I cannot but be very 
desirous they should lay aside a plan which appears so liable to 
objection, & may embroil all the frontiers in much trouble for 
which reason I have acquainted the Lords of Trade" therewith & 
I most heartily wish that such steps may be taken as may prevent 
an Establishmt so dangerous to the publick tranquillity 

INDORSED: Johnson Hall Oct r . 15 th . 1769 
Letter to Rich d . Peters Esq r . 

1 Moravian missionary, born in Prussia in 1710 and died in German- 
lown, Pa., in 1 785. 

: Tile clause relating to the Lords of Trade is in Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 219 



[October 17, !769\ 

The Honorable Sir W m . Johnson to Geo. Croghan D r 

To Cash paid for William in Lancaster as r' 
To D° paid Baynton Wharton & Morgon 

Coll (?) str§. 
To 2 Saddles Bridles & Furniture 
To Yl Cask of Clover Seed 
To a Stove & Pipes and Plate 
To 2 Rheams of Paper 
For Governor Franklin 
the above being Pensylvania Currency to make it 

York Currency 4 18 3 

To 12 Barrells of Pork for y r own use and 1 

for S r John 
To Carriage for the above Pork a 7 s 6 
To Cash paid Bonor the Smith 
To 2 Servants 

£192 7 1i/ 2 

ace* £0 

18 6 












5 3 













A. D. S. 

[New York, Oct. 18, 1769] 
Received in New York the 1 8th October 1 769 from The Honor- 
able Sir William Johnson Bar 1 [by] the hands of M r Robert 
Adams, One hundred and Seventy Eight pounds 12/2 in full 
this Day 
£178.12.2 John Wetherhead 

220 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

Received in New york the 1 8 October 1 769 from the Honorable 
Sir William Johnson Bar' [one] hundred pounds for M r Benja- 
min Roberts Dft to Harrison for that Sum 

£100 . John Wetherhead 

Received in New york the 1 8 October 1 769 from Michael 
Byrne Esq r . by the hands of M r Adams, Sixty Pounds 

£60 John Wetherhead 

M r Robert Adams 

D. S. 

New York Octo'. 18* 1769 

Bo' of Henry White 

3 Casks Nails 

AD N..46..26 m 14.. 10 364 
SN..61..15 m 22. .20 330 ' @ 7% 

AM. .81 . .3 24 336 @ 7]/ 2 10 10 

£32 18 2i/ 2 
Rece d . the within Contents for Henry White 

Charles Dickinson 

D. S. 

New York 19 lh Octo'. 1769 
M r . Robert Adams 

Bought of Templeton & Stewart 
14 Dozen Beer @ 12/ £8. .8 

Receiv d the Contents for Templeton & Stewart 

John Stewart Jun r . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 221 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall October 19 lh 1769 
Dear Sir, 

I am favored with your Letter of the 9 th . Inst with the Speech 
inclosed, the Author of which I think I know, and his fidelity has 
really been always such as to give a credit to any Serious In- 
formation from him. It is in short the report of but too many 
Indians as well as others, tho' it is really not agreable to the 
Chiefs of the Six Nations, — M r Croghan has been almost the 
Whole Summer laid up in the Gout but is now so far recovered 
that I purpose Sending him to Fort Pitt where I know that he 
will be of use at this time, he will have orders to wait upon you 
and receive any Commands or Instructions you may think neces- 
sary for his Government. 

I think it was extremely proper to Communicate the Account 
of the return of the Spaniards 2 &ca to the Indians about Fort Pitt 
and I purpose to do the Same to the Indians this way and I sup- 
pose that M r Cole will be able to give me full Information in 
these particulars but Altho Mons r . Aubry with the French Troops 
may leave that Country there will Still remain a parcell of the 
most troublesome Traders and partizans to plague us. Another 
Thing is that the Ind s . have been told by the French & do actually 
believe that the Spaniards & French [are one] people. 

I understand that Gov r . Carleton has given a Corhission to 
Mons r . Verchere appointing him Interpreter to the Shawanese a 
Circumstance which I cannot but wonder at because if he is even 
innocent of the Charges against him which I have the Strongest 
reason to think him guilty [of, a man] once Suspected is in my 
opinion very unfit to be trusted again, neither is it within his 
pr[ovince to appoint] Interpreters &ca, and I know his late 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 The Spaniards' return to Fort Chartres, upon the restoration of Span- 
ish authority at New Orleans, which had been interrupted by the revolt 
of the French inhabitants. 


222 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Majesty [was much?] displeased with some Governors for in- 
terfering with [ ] matters, I persuade myself 
that Gov r . Carleton [has] done this thro' some Mistake or misin- 
formation, [ ] have received, however, I inclose you a 
Copy of Capt Turnbulls [letter] to me which will give you a 
farther idea of the matter. [I will] only observe in addition that 
the Interfering of [ ] Governments, & their holding Meet- 
ings or Sending Speech [es to] Indians which has been done of 
late is Extremely imp [roper] because the very best people they 
can employ know [very] little or nothing, and may and Do say 
many things [to the] Indians different from what they hear from 
me, th[at] Contrariety of opinion must be the Consequence 
where [ | Interfere who are ignorant of my Mode of deal- 
ing with [them] or of what I find it necessary to say to them, 
and the Consequences are obvious. 

The Onondaga Meeting will be opened next Week [I have] 
Just Sent off some proper persons with Instructions to attend and 
I have good hopes that the Steps I have taken [ ] will 

prove of much Use in preserving the fidelity of those [nations] 


To Gen'. Gage with a 
Copy of Cap 1 . Turnbulls Letter 

A. L. S. 1 

Niagara /9" 1 : October 1769 
Dear Sir/ 

Had any thing transpired worth your notice during the time I 
have had the honour to command here, you should have been 
acquainted — 

As Cap 1 : Browne is daily expected to take charge of this Gar- 
rison, I take the liberty to acquaint you that all is peace & quiet- 

] In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 223 

ness here at present, and by all the information I have been able 
to procure, the Indians seem of a disposition to remain so — The 
expence I have been at amounts to about £30 — , I have kept no 
Account of the different Articles, As I take it for granted they 
will give me leave to draw on the pump of Aldgate for the Money 

— If there is hot an addition to the Warriors of the Seneca nation 
by the Spring, it will not be owing to a want of pains on my part 

— I shall at all times esteem it an honour to receive your advice 
relative to the Indians — present my Compliments to S r . John & 
all your family — I am — 

dear Sir 

With great regard 
Your most Obedient & 

most humble Serv 1 . — 

Ja s : Stevenson 


S R . William Johnson Bar 1 : 

INDORSED: Cap'. Stevensons letter 
Octb'. 1 9< h . 1 769 


D. S. 

NewYorkOcto>;20 th . 1769 
M r . Robert Adams 

Bought of John Van Cortlandt 
Cask of Doubeld 12 Loves 108 W'. @ l/10 d £9 18 

Cart. 1 6 

£9 19 6 

Rec d . the Above Contents In full for M r . John Van Cortlandt 

Andrew Stockholm 

224 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

New York Octo r 21 st 1769 
M r Robert Adams 

Bo 1 of Sam 1 Broome & C q1 
3000 pantiles @ £12 £36 

Receiv d . the Contents 
Samuel Broome & C°. 


D. S. 

New York 21 st . October 1769 
M r . Rob 1 . Adems 

Bo', of Smith Ramadge 
8 Firkins Irish Butter Viz'. 
1 Firkin N° 80 2 . . 27 Tare 1 4 1 Firkin N° 52 2 . . 27 Tare 1 4 
1 Ditto 45 2. .26 13 1 Ditto 61 2. .24 Tare 14 

1 Ditto 166 3.. 4 14 1 Ditto 69 2.. 21 13 

1 Ditto 151 2.. 27 14 1 Ditto 91 2.. 26 15 



2 3 



5 3 





2 3 18 56 

4 3 19 or551»@ 1H^» £25. .5. .1 
Receivd the Above 29 th October 1 769 

Smith Ramadge 
INDORSED: Rob 1 . Adems's 

1 "Extensive dealers in hardware and cutlery, rum, pork, crockery 
etc." — Henry B. Dawson, Introduction to New York City During the 
American Revolution. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 225 

A. L. S. 1 

New york October 22 d . 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letter of the 6 th : Ins 1 : and perceive little 
else can be done respecting the giving Presents at the Posts, than /__ 
to confine the Officers Commanding to the giving a little Tobacco, 
Provisions, and at Times a little Rum and such like Refresh- 
ments. You Mention the transmitting Captain M c Leod's and 
M r . Hays Accounts. They were not inclosed so suppose you 
have Sent them by some other opportunity. M r . Adams shall 
have a Warrant for the half year's Salary, and I hope the Con- 
tractors May be able to procure Cash to pay him, tho' Money 
becomes more Scarce every Day. 

There is little at present to trouble you with, the Boundary of 
Virginia with the Cherokees remains as first Settled, till the As- 
sembly of that Province provides Funds to pay the Expence of 
the Boundary desired by the Province. They are to meet next 
Month, when the Affair will be laid before them; but the Crown 
will bear no further Charges on Account of Boundarys. I ques- 
tion whether the Assembly will grant Supplies for the Purpose, 
unless it is upon Such Terms as can not be admitted. In the mean 
time the Cherokees complain most bitterly of the Encroachments 
made by the Virginians upon their Territorys, and unless Means 
are found to bring those Licentious People to Punishment Which 
from a long Experience I doubt of ever Seeing done, it's to be 
feared they will sooner or later provoke the Indians to open 
Hostilities. And indeed I know of no other Reasons they can 
have to commence a War with us. As for their Jealousy of our 
Power, Intrigues of the French and their Attachment to them, 
those Circumstances may require Some Management on our part, 
but I think can not alone be the Occasion of a Rupture between 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 


226 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Since writing Captain Maturin acquaints me that M r . Adams 
has lodged Cap*. M c Leod's and M r . Hays Accounts with him. 

I am with great Regard 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant 

Tho s . Gage 
Sir W m : Johnson Bar*: 

INDORSED: October 22 d . 1769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 


Johnson hall Oci r . 24* 1769 

I was lately favored with your Letter of the 16th ult°. and 
hope ere now that the Indians whom I sent to 2 have Met your 
Surveyors at the place appointed. 

I saw the Account in the papers of the Condolance performed 
for the Murder of Seneca Georges Son, and since I have received 
the News of the fathers Misfortune, which I find some of the 
Indians are so unreasonable as to Censure us for. The Chiefs 
of Onoghquagey are likewise Now come to me with sev 1 . Belts 
and Strings of Wampum from their Tribe complaining Grievously 
that Col. Francis 3 has been up near their Town and has taken up 
Two Tracts where there are Salt Springs to the Northw d . of 
the boundy Line which give them much uneasiness, and they are 
very pressing that I would imediately write and prevent it. As 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 An omission in the manuscript. 

a Turbutt Francis, a commissioner for Indian affairs in the War of the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 227 

I don't know well where Col Francis may be found at present 
I thought it best to mention the Matter to you, besides from my 
knowledge of that Gentleman I can't have any reason for think- 
ing that he would take any improper Step but that they must 
either have been Misinformed or Mistaken as to the place, be it 
as it will they have made great Clamour about it, which induces 
me to give this Trouble. — 

I persuade myself that nothing will be wanting on your part 
for making the necessary establishments for the [regulation of 
the Indian Trade, or for preventing the ill treatmt [which] the 
Ind s . have of late but too often rec d . from the frontier Inhabitants, 
which have occasioned a more] general discontent than is 
imagined, for al [though relations ( ?) ] of the deceased are always 
pleased at being cofndoled with] Yet where so many Instances 
happen, and su [ch ] Manifests itself amongst the Inhabi- 

tants the [Indians] are induced to think that we have some gen- 
eral des[ign] against them. 

Whenever it is Convenient to you, the Amt of the Acco f can 
be paid to M r John Wetherhead Mercht at N York, I have at 
present only to a[dd] that I am, 

with great regard 

Sir, &ca 
[ ] Penn 

INDORSED: October 24 th 1769 
To the Honble 
Lieut. Gov r . Penn 


New York y* 24 lh . Oct'. 1769 

I have had the pleasure of receiving your favor of the 7 th In- 
stant and am much Oblidg d . to you for your Ofer of the freight 
of your goods, I shall therefore take it as a favor if you would 

228 Sir William Johnson Papers 

order them on board my ship and should be glad to know who I 
am to call upon in London for them, as all our Merchants 
there are more or less Connected in Shipping without a perticular 
Order I shall not gett them if they are ship d . by any Other Con- 
nection but my own. I shall leave this next month and should it 
at any time be in my power to render you any servis over the 
Water I shall Execute your Commands with pleasure am 

Your most Ob 1 . 

hum e Serv 1 
Sam Kemble 
indorsed: 24 th . Oct r . 1769 

From Cap' Sam Kemble 

A. D. 5. 

Schenectady the 24 th October 1769 
Sir] William Johnson Baronet 

Bought from Daniel Campbell 
piece White Peniston Containing 99 

yards 3/ £14.17. 

] Do Blue Plains 35|/ 2 Do do 

3/ 5. 6. 6 

30 ] Large Strip'd Blankets 10/ 15. 0. 

] piece Strong Osnabrugs Cons \A2}/i 

yards 1 7 d 10. 1.10J/ 2 

34 p'] Mill'd Stockings 5/6 9. 7. 

] 24 yards of yard Wide Flannel at 

3/4|/ 2 8. 4. ey 2 

2 Dozen & 2 pair Ribed yarn Stockings 

36/ 3.18. 

20] Hats 4/ 4. 0. 

Dozen Strong Brass Buckles 0. 8.0 

] p s yard wide Irish Linnin 25 y ds 3/3 [4] 1.3 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 229 

] Dozen More Yarn Stockings 1.17. 

Cash paid for Carrige up 0.12.0 

78 3 2 
Errors Excepted 

Daniel Campbell 


D. S. 

October 25, 1769 
Robert Adams 

Bo f . of John Morton 

October 25^. l Cask ¥ Nails 384« ll d £17 12 - 

Rec d . the above for Jn° Morton 

Ja s . Carr 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 25 th October 1769 
Dear Sir 

I am now to Acknowledge Your favour of the 20 th to which I 
Should have done my Self the pleasure of Answering Sooner but 
waited untill I had tried Albany for the Womans & Children 
Stockings which are not to be had, have Sent you mens Stock- 
ings that will do for a Shift, in place of the Womans — I shall 
make Inquirey when the new Englandmen Come up about 
Childrens Stockings — Some part of the Stockings 
] mill'd which I Sent you as I bought them Cheap 
The Blankets that I send are [the only] Ones to be had & they 
are Cheap at the price | I] dont belive there is five Indian 

Blankets | | I dont know how the Indians will make 

The Children Shoes is now Making I have put 
them into the hand of Several Shoemakers — 

230 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have Charged you with only One half the Waggon, as Cap 1 . 
Tice had Also goods he is to pay his part. 

I have a parcel of Deer Skins Ready dressed but dont think 
them Strong Enough have put 1 Strong Skins unto the hands 
of the leather Dressers — who promised me they [would] do 
them as Soon as possible 

Inclosed is the Amount of [ ] Whole which I wish 

Safe to you, I have [ ] peice of Blue Plats in lieu of 

the p[enniston Wear much Stronger if what is [ 
be Sufficeint to Cloath your [ ] 

& 6/4 wide which I Could Sell for Eight Shillings by the piece 
this is as Cheap as Blankets & will last much longer — 

I have advice from my Friends at Yorke of the Arrival of 
Some Strouds which I belive I Shall get past without being 
Seised or Condem'd by King Allicock 1 — I Expect them at 
Albany Every Hour 

M rs Campbell begs her best Compliments & am Dear" with 

Respect your most 

Obedient & most humble 
Daniel Campbell 
indorsed:" 8 br . 25 th - 1 769 

Dan 1 . Campbel Esq rs . 

Letter with 
a Bill of parcels — 

1 Joseph Allicocke, one of the Sons of Liberty. On August 26th, 
1775, he was before the Provincial Congress, called to explain his sup- 
plying of provisions to a British armed sloop. — Journals of the Provincial 
Congress Etc., 1:122. 

-' Omission in the manuscript. 

:; In Jchnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Printed Document 1 

New York, October 28, 1769 
Know all Men by these Presents, that I Abraham Lott of the 
City of New York Merchant For and in Consideration of the 
Sum of Ninety Pounds Current Money of the Province of New 
York to me in Hand paid at and before the Ensealing and De- 
livery of these Presents, by Peter Remsen of the Said City 
Merchant the Receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge, and 
myself to be therewith fully satisfied, contented, and paid; Have 
Granted, Bargained, Sold, Released, and by these Presents do 
fully, clearly and absolutely grant, bargin, sell and release unto 
the Said Peter Remsen two Negro Men the one Named 
Abraham and the other December To Have and to Hold the 
said two Negromen unto the said Peter Remsen his heirs Exe- 
cutors, Administrators, and Assigns, for ever. And I the said 
Abraham Lott for my Self, my Heirs, Executors and Adminis- 
trators, do covenant and agree to and with the above-named 
Peter Remsen his Heirs Executors, Administrators and Assigns, 
to warrant and defend the Sale of the above-named two Negro- 
men against all Persons whatsoever. In Witness whereof I 
have hereunto set my Hand and Seal, this Twenty Eighth Day 
of October Annoq. Dom. One Tousand Seven Hundred and 
Sixty Nine — 

Sealed and Delivered in 

the Presence of Abr m Lott 2 

James Crommelin 
Andreas Lott 


Octo 28 th 1 769 

October 28 lh . 1 769 

Peter Remsen 

SirW m . Johnson 

Bill Sale 
.for 2 Negroes 

Abr m Lott 


Peter Remsen. 

Bill Sale 
-for 2 Negroes 

1 A form filled in with writing. 

2 Autograph signature. 

232 Sir William Johnson Papers 

treasurer's certificates 

Printed Documents 1 

New York, October 28, 1769 
Treasury-Office, Colony of New-York. 
This is to Certify, that Duty has been paid me, according to 
Law, by Lucus von Beverhoudt Esq r . for one Negro man Slave, 
named Abraham being a Male aged Twenty four Years, or 
thereabouts, imported from S'. Croix Witness my Hand, this 28 th 
Day of October Anno 1 769 AbrM Lqtt! Treasr 

Treasury-Office, Colony of New-York. 

This is to Certify, that Duty has been paid me, according to 
Law, by Lucus von Beverhoudt Esq r . for one Negro man Slave, 
named December being a Male aged Twenty four Years, or 
thereabouts, imported from S l . Croix Witness my Hand, this 28 th 
Day of October Anno 1 769 

Abr m Lott 2 Treas r 



o- wr-u- t i New York, October 
bir William Johnson 

28, 1769 

To Peter Remsen 

D r 

[Oct'] 28 To 2 Negro Men 


2 Great Coats @ 27/ 

2 14 

2 Check Shirts 



2 pair Shoes 



2 pair Stockings 



2 Caps 


4 - 

£95 2 - 

] Buckles 


4 - 

£95 6 - 

1 A form filled in with writing. 

2 Autograph signature. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 233 


D. S. 

New YorkOcto r .28 1769 
M r . Robert Adams 

Bought of Jeremiah Brower 
To 2 Barles Suger w* 2 2 3 19 

2 1 21 19 

4 3 24 38 
1 10 Tare 

4 2 14 @ 70/ O. £16 3 9 
2 Barles 3 6 

Recev d . the Above in full 

£16 7 3 
Jeremiah Brower 


A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall Octb'. 30 th 1769 
Pay unto Co 1 . Edward Cole or Order the Sum of 
One Hundred & Seventy One Pounds Eight 
Shillings & Six pence New York Curcy. On De- 
mand, & Charge the same to Ace 1 , of 

[i£1]71..8..6 cur c y 

Y r . Humble Serv*. 

W Johnson 
To M R . Robert Adems 

at Albany 

Edw d . Cole 

Albany the 13 th . Nov r . 1 769 Received the contents above of M r . 

Robert Adams ^ me r-> o 

P. Silvester 

234 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[New London, October 30, J 769] 

Long before this I was in hopes of having the pleasure of see- 
ing you but I have been so Cruelly detained and Harrassed in 
this Place that it has not been in my Power. I have been unwill- 
ing to trouble you with these Matters, and I have almost Fretted 
myself to death to think that I missed of accompaning you on 
your tour this summer which I have heard (and hope it is truth) 
has Conduced Very much to your health — which I Pray to the 
almighty to Confirm I flater my Self about the Latter End of 
November I Shall be able to get to the Hall and nothing pos- 
sibly Can give me more Pleasure — my affairs are I think nearer 
a Close — but nothing has happened to make me afford one wish 
to stay in this Country. I have had several very kind Letters 
from Governor Franklin who always mentions you with Very 
great Respect — I have wrote several times to Col° Croghan and 
Cannot tell the meaning I have no Letter from him I have many 
things to say on the Land Matters but they Can be better told 
then wrote, and this I hope soon to have the Pleasure of doing 

t ] 

on an Affair of our Friend [Col°. Fitch ] upwards of 

six years agoe and as [ ] but there's no End of the 

law in this P[ious ] for the Writch that has given him all 

this tro[uble ] as the Case was Coming on withdrew his 

Ac[tion ] the Col°. will get about 30/ for all his time 

] & trouble — this prevented my Writing [sooner] 
but as the weather is fine hope it may be in time. 

I have sent you two small Boxes a Case and paper Bundle 
Conts several Articles and some Garden seeds agreable to the 
In [closed] Mem°. M rs Chew begs you will be so good as to 
Accept of the Jelly the Red Cur 1 . & G[ooseberry?] I hope is 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 235 

Very good the Black Curr'. is mostly used in soar throats and 
Esteemed a Pleasant G[argle] and safe Remedy 

I beg my best Respects [to] the Gentlemen in the Neighbour- 
hood of Fort Johnson and be assured that I am with the most 
Fervent wishes for your health and the greatest truth &ca 

Dear sir 
Your most Ob [ 

Jos Chew 

M ,s Chew Fanny & Little Joe 
desire their best Compliments 6c 
Respects to you 

] have Constantly Sent you the papers & if as Some- 
times has been the Case I have been from home any Post day 
they have been always Sent the Next week 

Col°. Putman has several times desired me to make his most 
Respectfull Compliments to you — and would be Very thank- 
full to Come in for a thousand or two acres of Land if it Could 
be done — he seems to have altered his behavour here much for 
the Better — the Susquehanna Company are Very much out 
of Temper with him Col° Dyer has pushed Very hard this As- 
sembly but I have not heard weather he has obtained a Grant of 
those Lands from the Colony 

The Honble SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON Bar 4 . 


[ ] with 

Ans d . 1 6 th . of 
[ 17] 69 from M'. 


236 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall October 30 lh . 1769 

Pay unto Major Jeles Fonda or 
Order the Sum of three Hundred, Ninety 
three pounds, three Shillings & Seven pence 
New York Currency, & charge it to Acc f . of 

Y r . Humble Servant 

W. Johnson 
[ ] M R Robert Adems — 


New York 8 ,h Nov r . 1 769 Then received the Contents 

of the within in full as Witness my hand 

Jelles Fonda 


A. L. S. 

New York 30* Oct. 1769 

I to oblige an aunt of M rs Mac Leods to whose Doughter M r . 
Hake is marryed was forced to write you the letter that you will 
find inclosed in M r . Hakes I hope you will not take it amiss as 
really I am not fond of writing such letters, I did all I could with 
decencjr do to prevent my writing such a letter but the old People 
would not be put off. 

I have been Several time at the Generals House but have not 
yet Seen him I begin to think he don't chuse to see me untill M r . 
Adams leaves the Town as perhaps he may think that I have 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 237 

some directions from you concerning the money Matters of your 
department and that two troubling him at once when he has no 
inclination to give money would be too much. I am very Sorry 
that M r Adams is likely to return to you without being able to 
bring one farthing money with him, there's some difference be- 
tween M r . Mackivers and M r . Watts about the lowering of Bills 
which prevents both of them from paying any Money, as to the 
Generals money his pimp of a Secretary allways makes delays. 
I have no News as I keep much at home on acct. of the Sickness 
of my only Child M rs Mac Leod Send you her most respectfull 
Compliments I am Sir 

Your Most obedient and Most Humble Ser 1 . 

Nor d . MacLeod 

indorsed: 1 New York 30 th Octb r . 1769 
Cap*. M c Leods Letter 


A. L. S. 2 

New York Oct'. 30*- 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

M r . Adams has been with my Secretary with your Accounts, 
and a Receipt for half a year's Allowance. I apprehend no altera- 
tion is to be made in the Manner of granting your Warrants; 
my Directions being only, not to exceed the Sum allowed, So that 
the Receipt will be returned you by M r . Adams. I was to have 
advanced him one Thousand Pounds upon your Account on his 
own Receipt; but I understand this Morning, that he does not 
call for the Order, because the Contractors are not able to Supply 
the Cash, and that they have not even had it in their Power to 
compleat the Payment of the Warrant last granted to you. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In New York State Library. 

238 Sir William Johnson Papers 

However if you will send me your Accounts as Usual a warrant 
shall be made out, and be ready against the time that Cash is 
provided. Or if you want a Sum advanced, a temporary Order 
shall be given — to be accounted for hereafter by a regular War- 
rant, when the Said Order will be cancelled. 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, Your most obedient, 
humble Serv 1 . 
Tho\ Gage 
S R . W M . Johnson Bar'. 

INDORSED: October 30 th . 1769 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 


A. L. S. 

New York Odo< 3h< 1769 
Dear Sir 

I belive I am born to be a pest to you but the many proves I 
have had of your goodness incorige me to advance a Step farder, 
there is in this city a woman of good condition who has been 
trobled with an Epiletick complent and can have no cure and as I 
understand that you have a cure for it, it would be of great service 
to me if you would trust me with it, and you may depend that it 
shall dye with me, or if it woul d not be agreeable to you to part 
with the R', if you would send as much as would cure the person 
now ill I should get a good reward, your compliance in this will 
add much to the manny favour alredy confear'd on 

S r . your ob l and most 
Humble Sar f 
John Levine 

INDORSED:' Doctor Lavines Letter 

concern^. y e . Receipt for 
an Epilepsy. 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 239 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 437, is listed a letter of November 2d to 
Governor Colden, introducing Mr. Croghan, who has land matters to 
settle (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:956-57; Q, 2:554.) 

A. D. S. 

New York 2 nd . November 1769 
M r . Adams 

Bo', of John Lamb 
3!/ 2 Gallons best Shrub @ 14/ £2 9- 

Rec d . the above in full 

John Lamb 


A. L. S. 1 

Lancaster, November 6 th . 1769 
Honoured Sir, 

The Bearer, M r . William Andrews, is a young Gentleman 
educated at Trinity College in Dublin, from which he has ob- 
tained a bene decessit, who has been encouraged by a Brother & 
some other Friends, to come over to America — Having heard of 
the Society's Design of establishing Indian Missions, he feels an 
Inclination to go into the Mohawk Country, in Order to learn the 
Language of the Mohawks, & to fit himself for a Missionary 
among those People. — Permit me, Sir, to join in recommending 
him to your kind Notice & Countenance, to whose Direction he 
promises to be entirely subject. — 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

240 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am afraid some ungenerous Person, who envied me the 
Honour of your Friendship, has endeavoured to interrupt it — 
Be that as it may, I shall never cease to be grateful — to remem- 
ber the pleasing Hours I spent at Johnson-Hall — nor to declare 
that I am, with the highest Respect & Esteem, Hon d . Sir, 

Your obliged, affect e . & most obedient humble Serv'- 

Tho Barton 

The Hon ble . Sir W m . Johnson, Baronet 

INDORSED: 1 Lancaster Nov br . 6 th . 1769 
M r . Bartons letter by 
M r . Andrews, w h . I did not 
receive till the 14 th , Feb r >' 
1 770, in a letter from M r . 
Andrews at the time of 
his Sailing. 

Ans< 1 6*. Feby 1 1 70 

A. L. S. 

New London Nov'. 7 th 1769 

Dear Sir 

your Very kind Favour of the 7 th of October only Came to 

hand last Thursday the 2 d . of this Ins 1 , a few days before I had 

wrote you by Cap 1 Chadwick to New York, and Sent a few little 

things to the Care of M 1 Wetherhead, Viz 1 

Box No. 1 Cont a . 4 Caggs pickled Lobsters 
Box N°. 2 3 potts Jelly — & 4 pipe Bowls 

Box N°. 3 a Bow arrow &c from the Spanish main 

with sundry Garden seeds 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 241 

a paper Bundle of Madeira wafers ; the Invoice of the seeds &c is 
inclosed in the Letter sent to the Care of M r Wetherhead by the 
Same oppertunity I Sent sir John two pair of Bantam Fowls 

I have been most shockingly disapointed in not having it in 
my Power to see you this summer owing to some matters I Could 
not get adjusted in the way I wished for — of which I did not 
Choose to give you the disagreable details indeed it was late in 
September before I heard you had got from the Tour you made 
to the westward where my Earnest wishes attended you and 
where I should have been happy to have been. I had an oppur- 
tunity to Boston last Munday and wrote Very Particularly about 
Thomas Byrne and shall advise you by the next post what is done 
in that Matter I have also wrote to Col°. Fitch, Whiting and 
Babcock and Expect to be able by the next post to give you their 
determination on the affair of the Land, what you say with 
Regard to my Self I must leave intirely my Dearest sir to your 
self not having it in my Power to make any Conditions — my 
situation being so unhappy and my Affairs so imbarressed that I 
Should be trespassing upon your goodness to Enter into Partic- 
ulars — I will while there is Life in me make the most greatfull 
Acknowledgements for your kindness and if Ever I see better 
days will make those Returns that my heart wishes to do at 
present — I do assure you nothing has happened to make me in 
Love with this Country and the moment I can I will leave it I 
hope to be able to see you by the last of this month when I Can 
better talk the[se] things then they Can be wrote, — I have 
| forwarded you the Boston papers and if I ha[ve been] 
from home any week they have been sent the Next by which you 
will be able to form some Judgement of the spirit of the times 
there — one M r Mien a Printer seems lately to have become the 
Object of the Resentment of the Sons of Liberty, it is said he 
has been Oblidged to shut up his stores w ch were Very Large and 
drop his Printing Bussiness & take shelter on Board one of the 
Kings Ships I shall forward you the papers this night and if any 
thing new has happened it will doubtless be mentioned. 

242 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M rs . Chew desires me to present her best Compliments and 
Respects to you she is now pretty Lusty which may be the 
Effects of the good Entertainment given me at Johnson Hall I 
wish the affair over as I shall then Loose no time in paying my 
most greatful Respects to you 

be pleased to give my Compliments to sir John Col° Johnson 
Col° Clauss M r Adams M r Byrne and all friends and be As- 
sured that I am with the greatest truth Respect and most Fervent 
wishes for your health 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obed & 

most Hble serv' 
Jos Chew 
The Hon ble Sir W m Johnson Bar 1 . 

PS the Colony of Connecticut do not Choose to Give the Sus- 
quhanna Company a Deed of those Lands yet they are as un- 
willing to give up the Right they say the Charter gives them to 
all the uninhabited lands as far as the west sea. 1 

Col°. Dyer has met with a great disopointment in not being 
Raised a step higher on the death of Gov r Pitkin I was last Even- 
ing with Cap f . Oliver who desires his best Compliments to you 
amongst the seeds is some of the Broom seed the other you may 
depend are Very good I hope the pickled Lobsters will get in 

1 The charter of Connecticut granted in 1662 by King Charles II 
contains the following description of boundaries: "Wee . . . have 
given, Graunted and Confirmed, And by theis presents for vs, our heires 
and Successors, Doe give, Graunt and Confirme vnto the said Governor 
and Company and their Successors, All that parte of our Dominions in 
Newe England in American bounded on the East by Norrogancett River, 
commonly called Norrogancett Bay, where the said River falleth into the 
Sea, and on the North by the lyne of the Massachusetts Plantacon and on 
the South by the Sea, and in longitude as the lyne of the Massachusetts 
Colony, runninge from East to West; that is to say, from the said Narro- 
gancett Bay on the East to the South Sea on the West parte, with the 
Islands therevnto adioyneinge." The Three Constitutions of Connecticut, 
compiled in Comptroller's Office, Hartford, Conn., 1901. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 243 

good order — M rs Chew begs you'l Accept of the Current Jelly 
she says the Red she dare Venture to say will be Very good 

I am 
D r s' 

Your most obed [ 

J c. 

The Hon ble , Sir William Johnson 


L. S. 

Snowhill Maryland November 10 ih Day 1769 

Your kind offer and favour you made us when we was at your 
Hall in August last we have considered of it concerning the Land, 
we are very desirous to Embrace the oppertunity of So kind a 
favour, but the Distance between this and that has rendered us 
unable to have Sent you an Anser before now, but we Stil hope 
it is not two late to acquaint you that (God willing) we hope to 
See you next Summer when we intend to bring the mony to 
answer for one Thousand Acres each of us or perhaps more, we 
Depend that it is Surveyed this time and hope to receive a Letter 
from you as soon as possable about it to inform us whether we 
may Depend on it being So ; as we have Some neighbours that has 
thoughts of moving to it if we could give them assurance of our 
title in the Land, and Some assistance in removing them as the 
Distance is great between this and that and Expensive, they are 
something loth to undertake without being Cartain of our assist- 
ance and if any unfoorseen Disappointment Should happen that 
we could not come or Send next Summer, you may depend the 
Summer following we will come or Send to have the mony paid 
and get a title made to us and pay the Intrest for the mony, and 
return our thanks for your kind ofer and favour, we Shall Expect 
a Letter from you Directed to Either of us at Snowhill Town in 
Worcester County in the Province of Maryland, to the care of 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

James M c Laughlin Merchant in Philadelphia near the Draw 
Bridge, who will forward it to us, who with our best Compliments 
to Sir John and the other Gent m .. we had a Short acquaintance 
with wee remain with due respect 

your Oblieged Hum b1 .. 

A MD Spence 
And w Ferguson 
ADDRESSED: The Hon ble : Sir William Johnson 

Bar 1 

INDORSED: 1 [Snowh]ill Maryland 
[Nov]b r . 10* 1769 
Letter from Mess rs . 
Spence & Ferguson, rec d . 
15* Jam?. 1770 — 
Ans d . 22 d . Feby & told them 
that unless they came w* the Cash 
before next June, they might be 
too late. — 


New York I3 h NovenY 



Your favor came to my Hands desiring me to Pay the ballance 
of your Account into the Hands of M r . Adems which after keep- 
ing him for some time and Great difficulty has at last been Accom- 
plished, which gave me Pleasure as I would not on any Account 
have had him gone out of Town without it I should also have 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 245 

sent your Account and Vouchers agreable to your desire but at 
the time of his Going out of Town was Prevented. I now 
Inclose it but not the Vouchers, as I have not yet Paid the Last 
Article but one in it, as soon as that is done I shall take the First 
oppertunity of Forwarding them to you, 
I am with Great Regard. 


Your most Obedient and 
most Humble Servant 
W M Newton 
[Sir] William Johnson Bar*. 

indorsed: 1 N York 13 th . Novb r . 1769 
M r Newtons letter 
w ,h . y e . State of my Ace". 
Ans rd . 


A. D. S. 
New York 13 th NoveirY. 1769 

[ ] 

] favour of Doctor 

[ ] Curx 

| bill of 2 d January last on you 
] Adams 
]df l of 14 th June in favor of 
George[ ] £2354 12 11 Cur*. 

] your draft of 8 Instant in favor 
of Hugh Wallace £477 9 2 Cur*. 

] paid your ditto of 24 Ditto in 
favor of M r . Peter [ ] for 

£15 8 9Cury. 9 - 11 











In Johnson's hand. 

246 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To ditto paid your ditto of 9 Jun-(?) in 

favor of John Wetherhead for £116 

Cury 67 13 4 

To ditto paid your Ditto of 5 Ditto in 

favor of BarentTen Eyck for £64 13 6 

Cury. 37 14 6|/ 2 

To Ditto Paid your Ditto of 19 Aug 1 , in 

favor of Doctor Samuel Stringer for 

£82 Cury. 47 16 8 

To Ditto Paid your ditto of Ditto date in 

favor of Alexander Clark for £20 

Cur^ 11 13 4 

[ ] To Ditto Paid your Ditto of 22 Ditto in 

favor of Peter Remsen for £305 16 

Cury. 178 7 8 

To Ditto Paid your Ditto of 7 Sep r . in 

favor of Hugh Gaine for £133 16 

To Ditto paid M r Banyar on your Acco'. 

£115 3 11 Cury. 
8 To Ditto paid your draft of 24 August in 

favor of Colonel Daneil Claus for 

£141 4 Cury. 
f ] To Ditto Paid Jn°' Adems draft of 19 

Ocf to John Wetherhead £158 12 6 
To Ditto Paid Ditto D. of to Ditto for 

£180 d° 
To Cash Paid Ditto ballance £3790 4 4 


78 1 


67 4 

IO'/ 2 

82 7 


92 10 


105 - 


2210 19 



14 8 

Should be Robert. 

Space vacant in the original. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 247 


Aug 1 14 By General Gages Warrant dated the [ 

your favor for 

By Ditto Ditto of Ditto Date in your favor for [ 

£4947 14 8 
New York 13 th . Novem'. 1769 
Errors Excepted For Abraham JVIortier 

Wm Newton 
INDORSED: 1 M r . Mortiers Acc'. 
rec d . Novb r . 1 769 

A. L. S.- 

NeW York, November the 14 ih . 1769 
Worthy Sir — 

A late Jaunt to Philadelphia upon material Bussiness has pre- 
vented me from answering your last obliging Letter, which in 
my hurry is mislaid, but shall be noticed as soon as I can overlook 
my papers. M r Seabury & myself are not unmindful of your 
Church, and have wrote our sentiments to the Society concerning 
it. It grieves me much to think that my power to serve you, is 
inadequate to my Inclination. 

If I remember right you desire to have the Deeds &c relative 
to the Estate of the late D r Barclay in the Mohawks Country, 
which I have now paid for; & by the Bearer of this, a safe hand, 
M r Andrews a Young Gentleman from Ireland, transmit to you. 
This Young Gentleman comes well recommended to me from 
M r Peter's of Philadelphia, in which City he has resided for 
some time. He was educated at Trinity College in Dublin, and 
now proposes to enter into holy Orders. His Character as far 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

- In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

248 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as I can learn, from some respectable Gentlemen here, is very 
good, & from what little Conversation I have had with him, he 
seems to be sensible, but young, & not well, as yet, acquainted 
with mankind. This acquisition by a little experience he will 
soon obtain. As he has no Family, perhaps his Inclination may 
lead him to settle among you ; and if his Zeal is proportionable to 
his Education, which I must suppose to be a good One, he may 
become a useful Man. By way of Caution I would observe, 
that my personal knowledge of him is too slight to venture a 
recommendation, without knowing him better; — therefore doubt 
not your wisdom wiil direct you how to act upon the occasion. 
His Connections with M r Campbell at Schenectady, through his 
Brother, he will inform you of — Perhaps the people there may 
be fond of having him. I shall with the greatest pleasure do 
every thing in my power to serve you, or them, as soon as I know 
your sentiments. — 

He will deliver you a Copy of the proceedings &c of the 
Corporation for the relief of Widows & Children of deceased 
Clergy-men of the Church of England in America, which I beg 
your acceptance of. The liberty we have taken, and the honor 
we have done ourselves in puting your Name in the List of 
Governors, I hope you will excuse & pardon — A neater Copy 
shall be sent you, as soon as possible. This laudable Scheme, 
after three Years consideration, will I flatter myself now succeed. 
Your approbation of it will be extremely agreeable and Useful 
to us. 

pardon me if I mention what has just occurred to me, tho' in 
an improper place, as it would have connected better with my 
Subject before; which is, whether or not it would be eligible to 
make your Town & the Mohawks Castle one mission for the 
present, as Clergymen are scarce? This Junction would afford 
a handsome Allowance to a Clergymen, and remove the dif- 
ficulty M r Seabury labors under, as he has a large Family. If 
this Scheme should be found not to answer, Would it not then be 
of service to the Interest of the Church to retain M r Andrews in 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 249 

the Service of the Indians only, as he seems to have an inclination 
to it? These things I must leave to your superior Judgment, & 
only mention them as hints that have just occurred. As M r 
Andrews now waits for this, I can only add, that I have the 
honor to be, with great respect, worthy Sir, Your much 

Obliged & most Ob* Ser 1 

Samuel Auchmuty 
S R William Johnson. 

P. S. It is sincerely wished by the Inhabitants of this City, to 
my knowledge, that Sir William Johnson may be our next 
Governor — If the prayers of the Clergy of the Church of Eng- 
land can obtain so desireable an Event, sure I am they are not 

The neat Copy within mentioned came to 
hand since writing the above — Which 
Copy I now Send — 

INDORSED: Nov. 14 th . 1769 

From D r . Auchmuty 
^ M r . Andrews. — 


A. L. S. 1 

Schonactady November 14 th 1769 
Hon d . Sir 

I beg leave to acquaint you that when I was in New york, I 
desired a final answer from M r . Griffith, wether he was deter- 
mined or not to Solicite for the Mission for this Church but could 
not Obtain a derict answer, he told me if the Society would 
Augment their Sallary he did not know but he might accept it, 
this was mention'd to Doc' Cooper who gave his Opinion that he 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

did not think it in the Society power to Make any Additions to 
their Missions and could not Imagine how they would be able to 
pay those Missions they had already granted, Doc 1 . Achmuty 
was not in town, I spoke to M r . Ogilvie who said M r . Griffith 
ought to give us a final answer, but for part he thought, that 
Albany, or the Mohaks ought to be Joined to this Mission, as 
the Congregations were so Small, These reasons Sir makes me 
take this Liberty of troubleing your Honour with this Letter that 
if you Approve of this Mission being Join'd to Albany, I then 
would mention it to M r . Monro, for I give up, all hopes of Ob- 
taining A Clergyman to ourselves for a great while to Come. 

and Am Hon d . Sir your Most 
Humb le Servant 

Jn°. Brown 
To Sir William Johnson 


Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

Johnstown Hall 

INDORSED: 1 Novb r . 14 th . 1769 — 
Letter from J n . Brown 
concerning a Minister — 

wrote him y e . 1 7 th . that 
If M r . Munro will Serve 
Albany & Schenectady, in y 1 
Case I was of opinion that 
y e . Society will have no 
objection to adding half the 
Salary allowed In Schenec 
tady — 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 251 



Albany the 14 NoV. 1769 
This day upon my Arival at this place I rec d Some letters from 
my friends in New York Informing me that I had Some Goods 
come in Capt n Cornelius Hayth & which Goods are now in the 
Store of New York as Imagining the s d . Goods were order'd out 
after the Agreement took place 

I do assure you Gentlemen that there is not one Shlk worth of 
Goods sent me out now in this Vessel. As also the one from 
Hull that is not in Consequence of my orders sent home last 
November and if you know the Agreement was not to take place 
till the 2 of August I shou'd be extreamly unhappy to do any 
thing disagreeable to the Gentlemen Merch ts . at N York & you 
shall always find me ready to join in Every agreement wherein its 
Judg'd for the Good of this Country 1 

The Goods now in store if you Chuse to ship them back I shall 
not have any Objection to it & altho the Goods were Ship'd 
After the 2 d of August" there is not a single Shills worth but 
what is Indian Goods to Satisfy you in which I now send you 
Inclos'd the Invoice amounting to £63 4 8 M r . Blackburn my 
Correspondent writes me he will Send me some more Blankets by 
the Dutchess of Gordon which when arrives if you think proper 
I should take it kind you wou'd let them Pass, & this you may 
Depend on Gentleman that if Indian Goods are not allow'd to 
be brought in here that the Merch ts . in Canada will take the 

1 On May 17th, 1777, the Schenectady Committee of Correspondence 
resolved that certain persons were looked upon as dangerous. The name, 
Daniel Campbell headed the list. — Minutes of the Albany Committee 
of Correspondence, Schenectady Committee, 2 : 1 099, University of the 
State of New York 

2 On March 1 3, 1 769, a committee of New York merchants chose a 
committee "to inspect all European importations," with a view to enforce 
the nonimportation agreement of 1 768. 

252 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Advantage of us and import double the Quantity by which 
means our Traders that go up among the Indians will be Oblig'd 
to go there to buy their Goods & we shall Lose the whole of the 
Indian Trade which give me Leave to Inform you is of no small 
Advantage to this province & particularly to this part of it — 
One thing Gentlemen I am to inform you of which [is] that I 
understand that Capt n Hayht has mentioned at York [that] my 
friend M r . Blackburn told him that the few Goods sent [by] 
him were Intended for Sir Will m . Johnson as presents for the 
Indians. I am extreamly sorry that there shoud be any mis- 
understanding] concerning this Report. I know perfectly well 
I never made use of [Sir William's] name to M r Blackburn in 
my Life in no manner of [ ] I do believe that M r . 

Blackburn might think [ ] the Superintendant of 

Indian affairs and [ ] might immagine that 

Sir Will m . woud have Occasion for some of those [Goods and 
by] that means prevailed with the Captain to take them on Board 
[not] Imagining at the same time that he was incroaching on the 
] ment of the Gentlemen of New York by Reason those 
things [were] Indian Goods 

Another thing Gentlemen I must beg Leave to mention to 
you which is that I Can declare upon Oath that I never Men- 
tioned any affair to Sir William Johnson in regard of making use 
of his name with any View of getting Indian Goods imported 
from England under his name nor Did ever S r . W m . Johnson 
hear or know any thing of this affair from me & I shall Imediately 
inform S r . W m . of the Report that has been at York Concerning 
The [ ] 

I hope Gentlemen when you have Considered Every thing 
relating to this affair that you will be fully Satisfied that I have 
done nothing that wou'd get me [the] displeasure of you or any 
other of my friends at New York 

I have nothing more to add then that I am Gentlemen 

Respectfully your most Hum 1 

Ob«. Serv* 

Daniel Campbell 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 253 

Copied by M r 
Cartwrights Son 

INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

Daniel Campbel Esq rs 
Letter to the Sons of Liberty 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 438, is listed a letter of November 1 5th 
from James Adair, at Savannah, regarding the publication of his Indian 
productions,- the custom of granting general licenses to trade with Indians, 
the disposition of the Creeks and future correspondence (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 4:418-19; Q, 4:262). 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 438, is entered a letter of November 1 6th 
from George Croghan, in New York, introducing William Andrews, who 
is ambitious to serve the church, and mentioning a conversation with the 
General and news from England (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:419— 
20; Q, 4:263). 


Copy 4 

Philadelphia, Nov. I& h . 1769. 

Gov. Penn rec'd. your letter the evening before he set off for 
New York, so that I had no opportunity of acquainting him how 
far I had given cause to the Indians of complaint: but he did me 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 For references to works which treat the theory of Israelite origin of 
the American Indians, see Justin Winsor; Narrative and Critical History 
of America, 1:115—16. 

3 A lieutenant in the 44th regiment; in the Revolution Indian commis- 
sioner in the American service. 

4 In Library of Congress, Force Transcripts. 

254 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Honor of sending your letter to me for my perusal in conse- 
quence of which I must beg the liberty of relating the matter to 
you & to return you my most respectful thanks for the favorable 
opinion you are pleased to honor me with. When I was atShamo- 
kin last summer delivering the present of condolance from this 
goverment to Seneca George, one John Thompson a Delaware 
Indian who lives at the Great Island, came to me, & informed 
me that there was a Salt Spring within the late purchase made by 
the Proprietor & gave me a description of it I immediately drew 
out an application as is the custom of this province for the salt 
spring & sent it down by Mr. Secretary Shippen 1 who was then 
returning from Shamokin to Phila. to be entered in the Land office 
at Phila. taking it for granted that it was in the purchase of 
Pennsylvania & a few days after, I set out with the Indian John 
Thomson for the spring when I came to Anwagy I found it was 
out of the purchase, but as I was within 20 miles of it, my 
curiosity as well as the pressing of the Indian who was not to 
receive anything for his trouble if he did not show me the Spring 
induced me to take a look at it, but was prevented by a fit of 
the Rheumatism when I was within 8 miles of the place. I went 
no further: however the Indian proposed that he & a white man 
I had with me should go & bring some of the water & a little salt, 
which they did — & upon their return I set off for Shamokin 
directly. I had neither chain or compass with me, except a 
pocket one for my guidance in case of an accident. I do declare 
upon my Honor I marked no trees or gave to the best of my 
remembrance any reason directly or indirectly to any one for 
complaint without my barely going there was criminal. I have 
taken no steps to secure the land, nor had I any thoughts of 
doing it unless by application to you; I was not conscious of my 
acting improperly, therefore hoped as you have frequently & 
generously already given me repeated marks of your good inclina- 
tion towards me that you would assist me in securing the spring as 
I have my Right for land as a half-pay officer still by me. The 

' Joseph Shippen jr., secretary of Lieutenant Governor John Penn. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 255 

obtaining the Spring by application to the Gov', of New- York 
never once entered my head — As I must, to have gained my 
point deceived them grossly by making them believe it lay within 
the present purchase of that gov 1 , which would be justly giving 
up every pretention to honor or character which I look upon to 
be the most invaluable things in Life — I have given you an 
exact account, Sir, of this affair & hope I may be honored with 
a few lines from you when at leisure, that I may be able to con- 
vince my friend, Gov. Penn, (who knows nothing of my letter 
to you) that I have, at least acted above fear & without a design 
of doing ill; & also that I may hear from your self that I have 
not forfeited the good opinion that you had once conceived of me, 
which no one sets a greater value on, than he that has the honor 
to be, 

With the utmost respect, 
your most obedient servant, 

Turbutt Francis. 
To the Hon, SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON, Bart. 


L. S. 1 

Johnson Hall Noobr. 17* 1769 — 


Being informed this morning that you had run the Bounds of 
Gouvneurs Patent & Lots, I take the liberty to request that you 
would send me as soon as conveniently you can the Survey of 
that Patent with the Division of the Several Lots as run by you, 
laying down at the same time the Difference between the former 
Surveys & yours, for which trouble I shall readily satisfy you. 
My reason for desiring this is, that I am concerned in Lands ad- 
joining that Patent to the Northward of it, and as I want to 
have it laid out into Lots for Settlers I would willingly have it 

1 In Maine Historical Society, Portland, Me. 

256 Sir William Johnson Papers 

done in such a Manner as to avoid (all in my power) future 
dispute with regard to the Boundary. Y r compliance together 
with y r opinion relative to the Affair will much oblidge. 


Y r Welwisher 

& Humble Servant 
, Bleaker Esq. W Johnson 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 438, is listed a letter of November 1 8th 
from Gw. Banyar, New York, commending William Andrews, from 
Ireland, who has thoughts of taking orders (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
4:421 ;Q, 4:264). 

A. L. S. 1 

Dear Sir, New york Novr. 18<K 1769. 

I did not receive your Letter of the 1 9 th . October till the 1 th . 
Ins'., and have not yet Seen M r . Croghan, whose Presence at 
Fort Pitt I hope will tend to put our Affairs in those parts on a 
proper Footing. 

The French Traders & Partizans May still plague us, but 
when the Indians are informed of the Treatment the French re- 
ceive from the Spaniards, they will not readily believe they are as 
one People. I have a Letter from General O'Reilly" expressive 
of his Intentions to promote the Harmony Subsisting between the 
two Nations, to punish all who shall interrupt the Peace, and to 
keep the Indians in Subjection. You may Judge from thence 
what Notions he has formed of the Indians, and if he does not 
change his Sentiments upon a further Knowledge of them, what 
Trouble he will bring upon his Hands. From Colonel Wilkins's 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Count Alexander O'Reilly, Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1 767—70. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 257 

Letters I have Reason to conjecture the Inhabitants opposite the 
Illinois used all the Spaniards there very ill, before they forced 
them down the Mississippi, and it is very possible we may hear 
that Many of them are Seized as soon as a Detachment from the 
Troops lately arrived, get up to those parts, for they are much 
exasperated against all the French. 

Cap 1 . Turnbull 1 Sent me the Same Information as you have 
transmitted concerning Mons r . Vercheres Commission 2 I can't 
believe otherwise than that there is Some Mistake in the Affair, 
but by this Opportunity, I write to Gov r . Carleton upon it, and 
beg him to give some Explanation about it. I can't conceive that 
an Interpreter of the Shawnese can be of any use to the GoV. 
or his Province. 

The Account you have transmitted may be settled with all your 
other Accounts independent of the new Establishment. 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 
p. g. Tho s . Gage 

Since writing I have seen 
M r . Croghan who has shewn me his 
very Judicious Instructions, which he 
will no doubt pursue & I hope remove 
any little ill humour or Jealousy subsisting 
among the Indian Tribes. 

T: G: 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 : 

indorsed: Novb r . 18 ,h . 1769 — 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 

1 Captain George Turnbull, of the 60th regiment, in command at 

2 As interpreter to the Shawanese. 


258 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. 

Albany 20* Nov. 1769 
The Honb le sir William Johnson Barro": 

To John Stevenson D r . 

CQ lb 
To20barsIronW<5 2 

To 2 D°. broad 3 23 

C Q ft> 

5 3 25@36/ £10 15 

[ ] bars steel 101 lb @ 1/ 5 1 

[ ] 10 6 

£16 6 6 


for Iron & Steel 

si • Li, w_). 

[Quebec], Nov. 22 d . 1769 

I did myself the pleasure to pay my Respects to you in Decem- 
ber 1 767 wherein I took the Liberty to communicate to You, my 
situation at that time, as you have often been pleased to assure me 
of your good wishes. I also amongst other things made so free to 
mention my being concerned in a Pot and Pearle Ash Manufac- 
tory which has turned out very disadvantagious, as we have great 
reason to fear our Conductor is an Imposter. what Pearle Ashes 
we sent home last Year was so contrary to the samples he first 
made, that Instead of Selling for £40 %3 Ton it was worse than 
the worst Pot Ashes & only fetched £22. 1 this Year the Quality 
is much the same. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 259 

We have been at a Great Expence [in] Erecting Works & are 
now entirely at a loss, how or in what manner to proceed which 
has induced me to seek [ ] Information also [ | and 

as I have been informed that there are amongst your Tenants who 
manufacture those Articles. I could wish it might not be thought 
to great a freedom to request the favour of you to procure for me 
in writing, the process of Manufacturing Pot & Pearle Ashes. I 
wish the Method of Extracting the Salts from the Ashes 2 d ly the 
Size & thickness of their fluxing kettles. 3 d ly the Dimentions of 
the Calcining Oven & whether it will answer so well on a brick 
Hearth as on Cast Iron, for our Man has caused us to Import 
from Curin in Scotland panns of near Six Inches thick that weigh 
three Tons & a half which we apprehend burns out all the Virtue. 
One pot & pan stand us in near one hundred pounds Sterling. I 
should be glad also to be informed whether it would be prac- 
ticable to procure a man in your parts who has been bred to that 
business in hungary, or elsewhere, such a person would meet with 
good Encouragement, & it would be well worth his while to come 
here, what we have shipt this Year, we have consigned to two or 
three different houses, in order to have their different Judgements 
upon the Quality & [where] the fault lie, as also to have Samples 
out by the first [ ] ship of the Different qualities of Pot 

& Pearle Ashes from [ ] could we meet with a proficient 

this Manufactury will [ turn to a very great account 


From the knowledge I have of the pleasure [ 
Encouraging the Industrious Adventurer & from the Assurances 
of your good wishes, I am induced to request this favour, M r 
Claus has more than once assured me that I have still your good 
wishes as formerly (which would make me unhappy to think I 
had forfieted not withstanding I have not had the honour to hear 
from your family since Feb^ 1 766.) otherwise I should not make 
so free at present. 

M r Claus without doubt informed you that M r Mathew Wade 
embarked with his wife the 10 th . October for London, having 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

entirely left this Province, he is considerably indebted to me, 
& used me rather unfriendly, as I went great lengths to serve him, 
& he should not have put me on a worse footing than his other 
Creditors however I could not help myself, Stopping him would 
be no satisfaction to me. I rather forwarded his departure. 

I hope s r . William that my request will not interfere with the 
Multiplicity of business in Your department [&] that I shall 
have the favour of a few lines on the subject [and] must beg 
leave to present my Respectful Compliments to sir John Mess rs . 
Claus & Johnsons families 

I am 

Most Respectfully 
Sir Your Ob f & most hble Servant 

John Welles 


The Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 
at Johnson Hall 
in the County 
of Albany 

INDORSED: 1 M r . John Welles Letter 
from Quebec 
Novb'. 22 d . 1 769 
Ans< Feby. 16 th . 1770 

A. L. S. 

N London 22 d Nov' 1769 
Dear Sir 

Since my last I have seen Col° Fitch and Col° Whiting both of 
them have desired me to make their most Respectfull Compli- 
mints to you and to Return you their most sincere thanks for your 
great kindness to them in the Land matters — and Will advise 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 261 

you very fully by Col° Fitch who proposes to be with you As 
Early in the month of December as possible — on the Rece 1 of 
your Letter I wrote to Col° Babcock and desired he would Come 
to New London as it was not Convenient for me to go to Ston- 
ington but have not had his Answer indeed I was oblidged to 
be at Hartford last week — or should have seen him I have this 
day wrote to him again — 

Three or four of the best Farmers I know in this Colony were 
with me a few days agoe and are determined some time this 
winter to Ride up to you they are Resolved to Leave this Country 
and I have promised to write Letters for them in a few days to 
introduce them to you — I flater my Self I Shall be able to be 
at Johnson Hall by the Midle or at Farthest the 20 th of Decem- 
ber — and to set out from hence with Col° Fitch — 

M rs Chew desires me to present her best Compliments and 
Respects to you. she was Yesterday morning after a most severe 
and painfull time put to bed with a fine Boy — for whome may I 
Presume my Dear sir to ask the great Favour of you to be one 
of the sponsors I hope if he Lives he will always partake of that 
Regard and shew that Respect to Every one who appertains to 
you — that will only depart from me [with] my Life — I 
almost tremble when I take this Liberty which nothing but your 
great kindness Can afford me any Excuse for — and which I 
hope the Infant it is asked for will never Disgrace — I have not 
Mentioned this to its mamma — but shall find some Excuse to 
put of the Christning untill I can hear from you which I pray may 
be on the R[eceipt] of this Letter as I Shall I hope not be dis- 
apointed in paying my Respects to you at Johnson Hall by the 
midle or twentieth of Dec r . — I have n[ow] forwarded the Bos- 
ton papers by this and the last [post] and must Refer you to them 
for news — and am [with] the most sincere wishes for your 
health and happi[ness] and the greatest Respect 

D r s r 

Your most Ob [ 

most Oblidged [ 

Jos Chew 

262 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Hon ble S R . WlLL M . Johnson 
Dear sir 

before my Letter got to Boston the ship King of Prussia was 
sailed for Virginia in her all the passengers Servants &c were Sent 
I have wrote to have Tho s Byrne sent to N Yorke and have given 
directions to have his passage paid 

D r s r Yrs most sincerely 

Jos Chew 
indorsed: 1 New London Novb r . 22 d . 1769 
Joseph Chew Esq rs letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 438, is listed a letter of November 23d 
to Lieutenant Governor C. Colden about a method for securing the 
Mohock village lands, division of the county, Sir H. Moore's reorganiza- 
tion of the militia, lack of returns from the regiments around Fort Edward 
and South bay, in Ranslaerwyck, in the Mannor of Livingston, at 
Claverack, Kinderhook, &c, and those below, reorganization in Dutchess 
and Ulster counties, the regiment of horse given to his son, the particular 
fitness of gentlemen of property for military service, and vacancies to be 
filled (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:957-59; Q, 2:554-55). 


Df. 2 

Johnson hall NoV. 23 d . 1769 
Dear Sir 

I have received your favors of the 22 d . & 30 th . ult°. and am 
extremely sorry to hear of the Scarcity of Cash as it proves a great 
disappointment to me who am attacked on all sides daily for 
Money, and have not only advanced my own private Cash but 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In the collection of James Fenimore Cooper, Albany, N. Y. ; in the 
handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

PostWar Period, 1763-1774 263 

am even obliged to take up Money upon my own Credit wherever 
I can get it. the Expence of the Departm'. for some time past, 
tho' managed with the Strictest Oeconomy, far Exceeding what 
may be imagined. 

As you are of opinion that no Alteration is to be Made in the 
Manner of Granting the Warrants I shall Send down my Ac- 
counts in the Way you direct & hope by that time there will be 
a Supply of Cash. 

I am entirely of your opinion as to the Virginians, who I believe 
will not go to any Expence in the purchase you Mention but on 
Terms that may not be agreable to the Crown, And as to the dis- 
orders and Licentiousness on the Southern frontiers I see very 
little prospects of their being put to an end The Civil power, 
is at present nothing, & Yet they are extremely unwilling to call 
for Military Aid to bring Offenders to Justice without which, 
these disorders Will in all probability rather increase than dimin- 
ish, & finally end in a General Rupture With the Indians. 

I delayed for several days Writing in hopes of hearing some 
farther by M r Adems, on the Article of Cash, and have now 
the favor of your Letter of the 1 3th inst from the latter part of 
Which I find that M r . Croghan was arrived at N York and I am 
very happy in hearing that you approve of his Instructions which 
will doubtless be of Service at this time. Gen 1 . O Reilly 1 is said 
to be a man of Warmth & fire, and if he pursues the measures you 
have mentioned he wiil create much Trouble to himself but as 
there are many people there who are better acquainted w th the 
Matter, I presume he will Soon be convinced of the little advan- 
tage to be derived from a difference with the Indians, And the 
French who are the people through whom the Indians receive 
Most of their Information, will doubtless place the dispute be- 
tween them and the Spaniards in such a light as not to prejudice 
their grand object, and the gen', design they appear to have in 

1 Count Alexander O'Reilly, captain-general of Louisiana, who re- 
pressed by rigorous measures the devolt of French inhabitants against the 
authority of Spain. 

264 Sir William Johnson Papers 

There may probably be some Mistake in the Affair concerning 
Mons r Verchere 2 at least it may not be so bad as is represented, 
tho' I can't think it is entirely destitute of foundation, for policy 
and the Interests of Trade lead the Generality of the French to 
act that part whenever they can ; and upon reflection I am certain 
that every Gov r . must be sensible, of the Impropriety of making 
any Appointments that Interfere with the Department of Indian 
Affairs, and may obstruct that uniformity of Conduct by which 
only it can answer the Intention & Expectations of the Crown. 
I every day expect to hear the Result of the Congress at Onon- 
daga which opened Several days ago, and as I took y e . utmost 
pains to direct their Councils to a Consideration of the Insults 
some of their Friends & Allies have met with to the Westward 
with a View at least to Alarm the Western Indians, & prevent 
any Imediate prospect of a Union between them, I hope very soon 
to hear that my endeavors have met with some Success, and from 
the present Aspect of Affairs, I think it the best policy to Act in 
that manner. 

The Caghnawaga Ind n . who accompanied Silver Heels from 
the Illinois was I understand to have had 60 Dollars from L*. Col. 
Wilkins & 40, from the Merchants, (hav§ Left his Engagem'. 
with a Frenchman for 2 years to accompany Silver Heels at Col 
Wilkins's request) he has according to Capt Edmonstons Certifi- 
cate, only received a blanket, Stockings & Shirty) he has therefore 
requested me to Make his case known to you, and as he quitted 
his Wages & place with the Frenchman for the public Service and 
lost his papers &c When pursued by the Enemy & as it is not a 
large dem d . consids the Circumstances of their Journey I am 
persuaded you will take it into Consideration. 

INDORSED: Nov r . 23 d 1769 
To Gen 1 . Gage 
Sir Wm Johnson 

2 See Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:185 and Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
2;951-52; Q, 2:551. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 265 


A. L. S. 1 

Albany Nov. 23 d . 1769 
Honourable Sir, 

I beg Leave to inform You that one M r . William Andrews a 
Candidate for holy orders, intends to pay you a Visit in a few 
Days. This Young Gentleman has brought me a Letter from 
Doctor Auchmuty, greatly lamenting his not being Able to 
Supply your Churches on the Mohawk River with worthy Clergy- 
men. Meantime the Doctor Strongly recommends a Junction 
of the Two missions of Albany & Schenectady, if Agreeable to 
you Sir, for Some years at least, & is pleased to ask my opinion 
on that head. — M r . Brown of Schenectady was here the Other 
Day, & made the Same Proposal. My Answer to M r . Brown 
was, that if Sir William thought proper to recommend Such a 
thing to the Society, I Should heartily acquiesce in that, or any 
thing Else that he judged Serviceable to Religion; but that for 
Some particular Reasons, I must be entirely passive in the Affair. 
— Indeed the oftener I go to Schenectady, the more I am con- 
vinced, they Shall not be able for Some years to Maintain a 
Clergy man; which unlucky Circumstance renders a Junction of 
that Mission to Some other, highly Necessary. — I do not think it 
proper to mention any Such thing to the Society myself, as I 
would by all means avoid Every thing that has the least Appear- 
ance of a mercenary Spirit; But if you please to propose it to 
them, you may depend on my Concurrence; & as to the Salary, I 
leave that to you Sir. — Doctor Auchmuty hopes, this young 
Gentleman, M r . Andrews, will be acceptable to you, in which 
Case, he is of opinion, that he may Supply, for Some time at 
least, both your Church & that of Fort Hunter ; which is humbly 
Submitted to your better Judgement. — What I write you at 
present is in Confidence, & I hope you will consider it in that 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

266 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Light. — My best Regards to you & all the family. I am with 
great Esteem & Respect, 

Honourable Sir 

Your most Obedient 

Most humble Servant 
Harry Munro 
To Sir William Johnson 

PS : Please to excuse my bad writing, being at present in a hurry, 
& having a very bad pen indeed. — Adieu 

indorsed: Novb r . 23 d . 1769 

The Revr d . M r . Munro's 
Letter — 


A. L. S. 

s New York 24 November 1769 

I have already at the particular request of Several Townships 
troubled you frequently upon the Subject of the Militia appoint- 
ments at Claverack &Ca — Those Commissions have such dan- 
gerous objects in view that they threaten nothing less than the 
endangering the property of at least five hundred Families — 
Apparently there was a Stop put those appointments {even 
before Sir Henry Moore's Death) we are nevertheless far from 
being easy, least Interest [shou]ld be made with the Lieu 1 . 
Governor to have the Regiment confirmed — Impressed with 
[these] fears I was desired by my Townsmen to wait on his 
Honours, which I have done a few days ago and delivered him 
Copies of all the Remonstrances that were made, preceding his 
administration, against this very odious Measure, and Shewed 
him a Commission that had been given to one of the Inferiour 
Officers Dated 8 Months before the Col os . own Commission 
[and] about Six Months before M r . Livingston was appointed 
Secy; tho' his Name as Sec? [ notwithstanding to the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 267 

Commission — His Honour heared me with great attention and 
was pleased to tell me that he had received a Letter from you 
about this matter and would do what was necessary to remove 
the cause of our Complaints; He was so very obliging as to 
direct his Son to Shew me the Register of Military Commissions 
for the County of Albany of which the [en] closed is a Copy; 1 
by which and What has been before Said upon this Subject, it 
will be easily [discovejrd that the planners of this Regiment must 
have had something very interesting to themselves in view, other- 
wise they would have had the Boundaries of the extent of the 
Regiment [ ] as is the case with the other Regiments. In 

case Sir there should be another [ | made to carry this 

project through I hope you will powerfully interpose in our behalf 
] to have a stop put to this matter until we can be 
heared — our reasons for asking [ I hope will have 

weight when it is known that a thousand Men Able to bear Arms 
can be Incorporated out of the Inhabitants that live between the 
South Line of the Manor of Rensselaer Wyck and the South 
Bounds of the Town Ship of Kinderhook Eastward to the 
[westward] Line of the Massachussetts Bay — 

My Affairs I expect will be setled in three or four days time 
Soon after which I propose to pay my Respects to you with some 
other Persons when these [ ] will be more fully explained, 

In the mean time I remain 

with all due Respect 

Your most Obedient 

& most Obliged humble 
INDORSED: 2 New York 24 th . Novb r . 1769 
Henry Vanschaack Esq"- 
Letter w ,h . an Inclosure 

1 Much injured by the fire, but printed in the Third Annual Report of 
the State Historian, 1897, p. 887-89. 

2 In Johnson's hand. 

268 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

New York Nov. 25 l K 1769 
Dear Morgan 

You will Hardly Expect to hear from me from this at this 
Season, but so it is have not as Yet been Home. I a few days 
past Returned from Sir William Johnsons, and am now Here on 
my affairs with M r . Vanscheack I shall be a Great Sufferer. 
M r . Moores Bills are protested, and will not be paid untill he 
comes if then, this is hard, as I have Indorsed one Hundred 
pounds besides that I received of You, and have been obliged to 
pay, Which much distresses me. I send Your Bill and protest 
by Col°. Croghan, who Will Settle it with You, as also the Bill 
I gave You on him — The General when I waited on him Re- 
ceived me very Politely — asked me many Questions about the 
Indians and Gen 1 . O Reily. I fancy he would be Glad Indian 
affairs were again in their Old Channels. — My Good Friend and 
Patron Sir William I found the Same man. he has approved of 
my Conduct while I was at the Illinois, & has prevaled on me to 
Remove in the Spring to his Land, has purchased three Im- 
provements for me within a Mile a half of his House. So I must 
be directed to, at Johnson Hall, after next April — With Regard 
to the Land on the Ohio, I must Depend on Yours and M 1 . 
Baystons Friendship to let me know how they are to be managed, 
the New England people are all Land Mad. if it is made a civil 
Goverment I am persuaded it will soon flourish. Should be 
Extreemly Glad You will let me know when you go to Fort Pitt, 
that I may Send you my letters timely — Our Mutual Friend 
Col°. Croghan can acquaint you with Every thing Relating to 
Indian affairs. — I shall in a few day leave this for Rhode Island, 
where I shall be Happy to have it my power to Render You any 
Service. You will be pleased to make my Compliments M rs . 
Morgan, M r Baynton & all the Ladys, not forgeting Friend 

1 In Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post-War Period, / 763-1 774 269 

Hannah — Our Friend Campble is Still Here Meets with Great 
Difficulties in his Accounts which are to go back to Col°. Wilkins. 
he has been obliged to draw on his Fund, he Desires his Compli- 
ments to Miss Chariot, who he would willingly pay his addresses 
to if the old wife was not in the Way 

I am 

Dear George 

Your most Ob'. Serv 1 . 

Edw d . Cole 
To Mr. Morgan 


New York Nov. 25 th - 1 769 
Col. Edw d Coles Letter — 
receivd Dec r . 1 2th 1 769 
by Col. Croghan 


A. L. S. 

N York Nov 27 1769 
Sir William 

Altho a pacquet is just arrived from England, yet I am hardly 
enabled from its Contents, to afford you the least amusement. 
The letter addressed by D r Musgrave 1 of Plymouth to the Free- 
holders &ca of Devonshire, accusing the fabricators of the last 
peace with betraying the Interest of their Country & fuddling it 
up on the most shamefull Terms, now intirely engages the publick 
Attention, and he has gained the Confidence of the generality of 
People there to a degree of Enthusiasm. The Letters from 

1 Samuel Musgrave, noted physician and Greek scholar, author of 
"Address to the Gentlemen, Clergy and Freeholders of Devon," relating 
to the Anglo-French peace of 1 763. The House of Commons examined 
the charge and in January, 1 770, pronounced it "frivolous and unworthy 
of credit." In the Public Archives of Canada are a number of con« 
temporary pamphlets on the peace. 

270 Sir William Johnson Papers 

London intimate that the [sujbject of it will have very serious 
Consequences, on the 5 th of October, the time appointed for the 
County meeting, some material Elucidations will appear to corrob- 
erate what has already been published; and one Mons r Vergy 
Councellor in the parliaments of Paris & Bour[dea]ux has pub- 
lickly advertised to give further Light on the matter in a pamphlet 
he will produce in [which] the Contradictions of D r Musgrave's 
Letter ex[hibited] by D'eon, 1 formerly Chargee de' Affairs of 
France, [are] confronted. A little time will explain this [ 
in the Interim several Great Men hardly themselves 

safe and it is expected some will withdraw themselves. 

The India Company have Voted a refusal of [Power] de- 
manded by the Crown, for the Commander of his Majesty's Ships 
in those Seas to have a share in the Deliberations & resolutions of 
the Company with regard to making peace or declaring war, a 
plan suggested & insisted upon by the E of Bute and his partie, 
who, by earring this leading question, proposed that Government 
should, by degrees take the Lead in all their Councills & thereby 
the Company's property be ever hereafter at the Mercy of a 
protempore, Minister^/ 

The House was to meet on y e 14 ,h Nov r . The most Solid 
Union of the three brothers Chatham, Temple & Grenville has 
been solemnly published from Earl Temple 2 to the Freeholders 
from Bucks, met, as have been many more, on the Subject of 

It does not Seem at all Certain that the Muscovites are yet 
Sailed for Constantinople, and it is thought they have abandoned 
the Seige of Choczim, The Vizier is at present too strong for 
[them] unsupplied, as they are, with provisions to have a general 
Action. These northern powers ne[ver] distinguished them- 
selves in Engineering, even the prussian & Austrian Seiges were 
very ling[ering] enterprizes. 

1 Chevalier d'Eon, French plenipotentiary in England in 1 763. 

2 Richard Temple Grenville, brother of George Grenville and brother- 
in-law of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 271 

Our L l Governor meets his assembly in good [po]sition, and 
from the total Neglect of him on th[e occasion?] of his Services 
to the prerogative a few years p[ast] altho recommended to the 
Sovereign by the [ it is thou] ght he will pass what Bills are 

] for his Assent, and the Assembly, taking [ad- 
van] tage of this favorable prospect, have ]ed in a bill 
for a new Emission of paper currency. 

Mr Colden has appointed Judge Jones's Son, who married 
Cap 1 De Lanceys Sister, to succeed Recorder Johnson, & a son 
of Gabriel Ludlow is recommended to him for a Succession to 
the late Judge Smiths 1 Seat on the Bench. 

[These are] all the occurances I could for the present assem- 
ble togather for your Entertainment. 

We shall be allowed to take the Goods out of the Sons of 
Liberty's Store in about 6 or 8 weeks when Col Johnsons & your 
own Articles, mentioned long ago, shall be forwarded. I beg my 
humble Respects to Sir John, the Colonel & [Cap*] Claus and, 
with the utmost deference, 

I am, 

Sir William, 

Your obliged & faithfull serv 1 
Ja Rivington 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 
at Johnson Hall 


M r . Rivingtons letter 

1 Judge William Smith, of the supreme court, died November 22, 
1 769. George D. Ludlow was appointed December 1 4, 1 769. 

272 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 29 th November 1769 
Dear Sir 

By the Bearer M r Brown I Send you a Box Containing Seven 
Signs — the Amount of which I here Send you I had two of 
them done by Henry Vandresen, for which he Charged Sixteen 
Shillings which is four Shillings more than Branaghan Charged. 

I find by the last papers that they have published the Affidivates 
of Captain Haight & Captain Wynn relating to the Goods which 
M r Blackburn Shiped — which is all done with an Intention to 
hurt M r Blackburns Character — I am Extraimly Sorry that he 
tooke So much liberty as to Mention your Name in the Adver- 
tisement, they Carry it So far as to Say that M r Blackburn 
had Received pressing Orders from your Self for the Indian 
Goods which Captain [W]ynn Brought over — if the Goods had 
been for you there never would have been One word about them 
— Nothing Could have Induced M r Blackburn to take such liberty 
but hes been over Sanguine in Serving his Employers but 
this is no maner of Excuse in him to Intitle him to Such liberties — 
I hope upon his making a proper Submission to you that you will 
forgive him — this Affair has turned Out verry Unlucky for M r 
Blackburn as I Remember your One day makeing Inquiry what 
kind of A man he was — and I told you he was Reputed a mighty 
good kind of A man — & upon which you was good enough to say 
you would let him do your Business — 

Mr William Andrew who goes up with M r Brown has Some 
thought [of] going into orders for which purpose he has [with 
him] Several letters from Gentlemen at New York [who] Re- 
commend him to you he Seems to be a well Behaved Young 
Man, he gave a discourse to the People here which gave very 
great Satisfaction. Indeed to the Whole Congration & they 
all Seemingly are verry desirous to have him placed here M r 
Brown goes up on purpose to Solicit for him — & I must beg leave, 

From a painting by William A. McKenna, owned by Frank L. Reuss, Albany, N. Y 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 273 

to Recommend him, for this Place, in Case you have not Ap- 
pointed Some other 

I have only to Add that I am 

Dear Sir with great Respect your 
most humble & Obedient 

Daniel Campbell 
[ ]liam Johnson 

Bought from Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Schenectady the 29 th November 1 769 
7 Frames from Asiveron Marselous 2/6 £0176 
James Branaghan for painting 
5 signs 12/ 3 

2 Ditto Henry Vandreson 16/ 1 12 

£5 9 6 

INDORSED: 1 Daniel Campbell Esq rs . 
Letter w th . an Acd. of 
painting Signs — 

A. L. S. 

New London Nov 29 h 1769 
Dear Sir 

I have seen Col° Babcock who desires me to make his most 
thankfull Compliments to you and will write to you by me which 
I hope to have the pleasure of delivering by Christmas Day at 

the adventures from the Susquehannah Company are drove 
of the Lands Durkee was Carried to Easttown 

Goal — he got security there and is just Arrived at Norwich the 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

274 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Chiefs of the Company seem much Cast down and are laying 
Great Blame upon Old Col°. Putman who never was in pensil- 
vania and I dare Venture to say never Exchanged one sillable 
w h M r penn or any of his party by Letter message word or any 
other way on the subject — and who [I] am sure wishes the 
propriaters Extensive [la]nds were much Less and some [ 
had the land his Crime is believing the Claim of this Colony 
and the Right of the Company to those lands Very [slight ?] 
and trifling 

You have doubtless seen an Acco' publish'd in pensilvania and 
Reprinted in New York of the Famous Congress between old 
Seneca George and Col Francis 

Col° Fitch is now with me and desires me to make his best 
Compliments to you and to say that he Expects to have the 
pleasure of seeing you with me. 

I shall forward you the papers from Boston this Evening by 
the post and must Refer you to them for the News 

M rs Chew has been so [ with her breasts that she 

mends very slowly [ ] presents her best Compliments to 

you and [ ] most sincerely with me in our most [ 

wishes for your health and happiness and I am with greatest the 
Respect and truth 

Dear sir your most Obed t 

& most Hble serv 1 . 

Jos Chew 

I have wrote to Virginia and have desired Tho s Byrne to be 
sent to New York and then to apply to M r Wetherhead who I 
will write to to send him to Albany 

The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 275 


New York, November, 1769 

D r Account of Cash received for 

Nov r To the Hon bIe .. John Watts Esq r . 

To GoldsBorrow Banyar Esq r . 

To Col°. Guy Johnson as ^ draft 

To Col°. Daniel Claus as ^ d°. 

To Col°. Edward Cole as <$ d°. 

To Major Jelles Fonda as & d°. 

To Cap'. Mac Leod as & d°. 

To M r . Jn°. Wetherhead as ^ recpts. 

To Robert Adems for Cash gave Sir 

To 2 pipes Maderia Wine @ £42 ^ 

To Peter Remsen as W Ac 1 . 

To Peter Silvester Esq r . for Martin 

To John Morton for a Cask Nails as 

^ Ad. 
To Henry White for 3 d°. d°. as 

W d°. 
To Sam 1 . Broome & C°. for 3000 

Tile as ^ d°. 
To Smith Ramadge for 8 firkins But- 
ter as ^ d°. 
To Jn°. V Cortland for a Bar 1 , do. 

refin'd Sugar as ^ d°. 
To Templeton & Stewart for a hh d . 

Beer as 1$ d°. 
To Jerremiah Brower for 2 B ls . 

Sugar as 1$ d°. 
To a Hogshead Molasses 2 N*. 114 

Galk @ 2/ ^ 


. 8.. 



. 3.. 



■ • < 

, — 


. 4.. 

, — 


. 8.. 



. 3., 

, 7 



, 5% 



. 2 



. 9 


. . 

. — 


. 6. 

. — 



. 5 



. — 



• 21/ 



. — 


. 5. 

. 1 



. 6 


. 8. 

. — 


. 7. 

. 3 


. 8. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 






. 6 


. 3 



. . 




To 2 Boxes Window Glass 9 by 7 


To 1 d°. d°. 1 1 by 9 

To 1 Barrel White Wine Vinegar 

25% G*. @ 4/ r» 
To 12 d<\ Cyder 16/ 
To 4 d°. Codfish 28/ 
To 5 Kegs Bisquet 10/6 
To 3 1/2 G s . Srub 49/ Bottles 6/ & 

box 3/ [ 

To 2 Gallon Decanters [ 

Continued & Carried [over £2484 
D r Brought Over £2484 [ 

To 200" Loaf Sugar @ \3y 2 d $ 1 1 [ 

To 4 Boxes Spermacitta Candles 94 tt 

N'. 2/3 ® Boxes 1 0/ 1 1 

To 1 Quarter Cask Lisbon Wine 8 

To 2 tt Cinnamon 30 3 

To 1 n Nutmegs 26/ & |4 tt Cloves 6/ 1 
To 1 Rheam propatria paper 1 

To 1 d°. 4 to post d°. 1 

To 1" Whafers 20 & a Gall". Ink 

& Jug 21/6 2 

To 1000 Limes Squees'd 2 

To 1 Gall". Spirits 6/6 & Keg for 

d°. 2/ 
To 2600 Oysters 52/ & 2 hh ds . for 

d«. 8/ 3 

To a Sett of Crusables 
To 2 large Teapotts 
To Cartage of 3000 Tile in New 

To d°. of Sundrys in d°. 










Post-War Period, 1763-1774 111 

To 3600 Dollars gave Sir William 1440. . 
BalK due Sir William Johnson 

on this Ace'. 413. . 3[ ] 

£4385.. 4.. 5«/ 2 
INDORSED: Account of Cash rec d . 
for Sir William Johnson 
Bar 1 , in New York NoV. 1 769 

Sir William Johnson Baronet C r 

Nov r . By Cash received from Abraham 

Mortier Esq' £4385.. 4. . 5|^ 

O Brought Over £4385.. 4.. 5|/ 2 

A. L. S. 

Londini Calendis decembris 1769 
Quod felix faustum fortunatumque Sit Et Patrono Clementissimo 
Gratum ! 
Joannes Arthur Nobilissimo Equiti Wilhelmo Johnson Bar to 

Sal m . Plur m . Dicit. 
Dum meditabundus recentes agros Amoenaque villae tuae Cogno- 
mine Johnson Hall perambulo, Interpellor, meque his verbis 
allocutus Est Illustrissimus et admodum honorandus patricius 
Adam Gordon, (Amabat enim, vir Nobilis, Gallici Sermonis 
Usum) Que J'eusdebonheurlorsquedansledesseinseulementde 
Satisfaire ma Curiosite qui Etoit de voir le fameux Sault de 
Niagara, Je me detournay quelques miles de mon chemin Et ns 
cette visite a Sir William Johnson, Et que je me trouve heureux 
d'avoir veu et connu cet illustre General, Et en meme Un Gentil- 
homme Si gallant, Si Accomply. Ista Laus in ore Nobilis 
patricii IVigeminavit admirationem tui, dum nimia verecundia 
vetabat mea gaudia dicere verbis. Quibus enim te possim 

278 Sir William Johnson Papers 

prosequi Laudibus Invicte Dux qui Caesare Major, Nam Vic- 
torias purpuravit, Impius, Sanguine Civium Libertatemque 
Patriae delevit atq ; prostravit. Longeq ; Clementior, qui cruen- 
tum furentemque Martem compescere, Victoriarumq ; tuarum 
Iram reprimere potuisti, Et (idem Orpheus olim,) Tigres lenire 
rabidosque leones mitigare valuisti; virtutum procul dubio, Man- 
suetos consuetudine tuarum ; Tantum potuit feris Animis suadere 
Exemplar Clementiae! Sensit Canadensis ferox Sensere Galli 
toties fugati toties ab Americano Scalpro Erepti, novamq; et 
inauditam, in America Clementiam insolitam ipsis & ignotam 
Sunt Mirati. Quern te in bello tremendum, Victis aequum, in 
pace Comem Americae Simul atq Brittanniae deliciaspraedicabo? 
Artium pacis Et agriculturae Incitatorem, Litterarum faventem, 
Amicitiarum Colentem? propria La[ude] fruere tua Inclyte 
heros ! Exemplar pariter pacis atque Belli. Va [le] 

Thus Translated 1 \x 

/^ London I st Decem hr . 1169 
May it please Your Excellency 
As I was in a musing humour, Walking in those Newly Culti- 
vated fields, & pleasant Gardens about Johnson Hall, my medita- 
tion was of a Sudden interrupted, by the Rig t hon ble . Milord 
Adam Gordon, who Accosted me with these Words, in french 
(Your Excellency knows that the Noble Peer loved to converse 
in the french Language.) how luky I was, Says My lord, When 
designing to Satisfy my Curiosity onely, which was to See the 
famous fall at Niagara, I turned some Miles out of the way, & 
made this present Visit to Sir William & how happy I think 
myself, who have seen and am become Acquainted with that 
great Warrior, and at the same time, so Gallant, So Accom- 
[plished] a Gentleman! & the like. This praise, from that 
Nobleman, doubles [if] possible, my Sensibility of those 
Eminent qualities, which I saw | to Shine in your Exel- 

lency, Whilst bashfull modesty prevented [my] Mouth from 

1 By the writer. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 279 

Uttering the inward Satisfaction of my Mind. — for [what] 
words can Suffice to recount Your Great Deeds? who, greater 
than [Caesar] (for that Impious hero dyed his victories with 
the purest blood of his Country, & in his triumph, did Throw it's 
Liberties & freedom into the dust.) and more Generous by far, 
who could Stay the Rage of your American Troops, & refrain 
the fury of Your Victorious armies, and (like Orpheus of Old) 
Could Soften Tygers, and asswage the ferocity of Lions; no 
doubt made More tractable, by their becoming more Acquainted 
with humanity. So much Gained upon the fierce temper of the 
Savage Americans, the Example of the Mercifull & Generous 
disposition of your mind! The Cruel Canadian Saw it, The 
french, so Often Routed, so often Snatch'd from the Scalping 
Knife, perceived it and admired A Strange Vertue, (Generosity 
& Mercy) in America! to which they were unaccustom'd, 
Unacquainted with and never imitated it. — I Shall therefore 
Celebrate Your Excellency Dreadfull in War, Mercifull & 
Generous towards the Vainquish'd, Gracious in peace, the delight 
of North America as well as of Great Brittain, Encourager of 
Every Art of peace, Especially Agriculture favourer of Learning, 
Constant in friendship, Courteous to all. 

That your Honour may Enjoy the full extent of Your merited 
praise & Glory, & be Still a living Example of those Vertues, that 
are practicable both in peace & in War, is the most Ardent Wish 
& prayer of 

Your Exellency's 

Most humble, dutyfull 

& Affectionate Ser 1 

John Arthur 

A word to my letter ; for direction — Go then, being you are 
in Such a hurry & See America, with my Blessing, nevertheless, 
You shall go. Go thou therefore [ ] auspicious & for- 

tunate, Giddy Letter of mine, & when You are presented to 
fail not to protest, that you bring nothing but 

280 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Truth, the Authentick Deeds [ ] General, the most 

Generous patron, the most Gracious friend ! I re [ | that 

these Unruly Children will make me Go out of my Wits. 


His Excellency Sir Will" 1 . Johnson 
Bar 1 . 

At Johnson Hall 
Province of — New York 


M r . J n . Arthurs letter 

D/. 1 
Johnson Hall Dec r . K 1769 

Rev d Sir 

I have received with great pleasure the pamphlet with an Ac- 
count of the proceedings of the Corporation for the relief of the 
Widows and Children of Clergymen of the Church of England 
in North America, — The Institution of a Society for that purpose 
in a Country where the familys of many Men of Worth Must be 
destitute of a due provision for their maintenance is truly Laud- 
able and does much honor to those who promoted and Carried it 
into Execution, Whilst its necessity and reasonableness merits the 
Approbation & Countenance of all Well Wishes to Christianity 
in general, it has a particular Claim to my best Wishes for its 
Success in the honor conferred on me by inserting my Name in the 
List of Governors, for which give me Leave to return you My best 
thanks, requesting you will likewise make my Most kind Ac- 
knowledgments to the rest of the Gentlemen concerned in my 
Nomination with Assurances that I have the Interests of their 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 281 

Corporation sincerely at heart, and that I shall faithfully dis- 
charge the Trust reposed in me as far as the Multifarious dutys 
of my publick Station will permit me to demonstrate that I am 
Sir, their sincere Well Wisher, and your 

Most Obedient & Very humble 

Serv 1 . 

INDORSED: Dec r . 1 st . 1769 

To D r Auchmuty. Letter of 
Thanks on being Nominated a Gov r . 
of the Corporation for Relief of 
Clergymens Widows &ca. 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall December 1 st . 1769 
Dear, Sir, 

M r . Andrews has just delivered me your favor of the 14 th . ult°. 
together with the Deeds &ca for the Estate of the late D r . Bar- 
clay, he Seems to be a Young Gentleman that would answer very 
well and from the Character I have of him and his connections 
in Schenectady I think he would be of much use there — Accord- 
ing to the ideas of the Indians his Youth might be disadvantage- 
ous to him at the Mohocks, and on many accounts I think that 
that Mission would solely engross the attention of one Missionary, 
and altho' it would be better to Unite Albany with Schenectady, 
in case No Missionary could be had for the latter, yet considering 
the little Bickerings it might occasion, and the jealousy of his at- 
tending the one More than the other I think it best that M r . 
Andrews should take Orders and be appointed for Schenectady 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

282 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and Shall mention it to the Society, as he purposes going soon to 
Europe, — He tells me that there are Several Gentlemen who 
have been bred at the Colledge of Dublin, & are in Orders that 
have no provision in that Kingdom some of whom he believes 
would gladly Embrace the offer of Missions here ; — Since so 
many difficulties have arisen in procuring them from England, 
would not it be proper to Mention this to the Society/ That such 
as could procure good Testimonials from thence might be Ap- 
pointed to the Vacant Missions? — 

I am of opinion that a part of the Land lately purchased near 
the Mohocks might be Leased out reserving a Sufficiency for the 
Missionary, and applying the Little rent arising in time from the 
remainder to religious Uses. I am Glad that M r Seabury and 
You have Wrote your Sentiments concerning the Church here, to 
the society and hope at Last that these Usefull Missions will be 
supplied and I think it necessary to add that those at the Mohocks 
and Johns Town should be Seperate because the Congregations 
will be so large at both these places, and that the Constant At- 
tendance of A Missionary at the Mohawks will be the surest and 
indeed the only Means of Answering the good intentions and 
Views of the society. M r Griffith who was here sometime ago 
has I understand expressed himself very undeterminately Con- 
cerning Schenectady, and Considers the Sallary &ca as inade- 
uate to the Maintenance of a family, I hope therefore that he 
will be no barr to the Appointment of M r . Andrews who likes 
the place, and approves of the Allowance. On any of these 
points I shall be always happy in having Your Sentiments and 
kind advice, and if the hurry in wch I am generally Necessitated 
to Write prevents me from enlarging sufficiently on any point I 
shall readily do it, or any thing else in my power to Serve so good 
a Cause. — I give You thanks for the Copy of the proceedings 
of the Corporation for the relief of Clergymens Widows &ca, an 
Institution which I think as Laudable as it is Necessary and am 
much obliged by being put on the List of Governors, but as from 
a passage in yours I Judged you would incline to have that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 283 

Subject treated separately, I now inclose you a few Lines on that 
particular Occasion and remain with great regard 

I kindly thank you for the good wishes 
which your friendship has Suggested to 
you to Offer in your Postscript, but 
the Supreme Command here is what 
I have always rather declined than 
Covetted, Nevertheless I cannot but be Sensible of 
the kind Wishes of 

the Clergy of the Church of England as I know it 
arises from their good opinion of me & reliance on 
My regard for their Interests, which I shall allways 
be ready to demonstrate as far as is in my power in any 
Station. — 

I beg the Corporations Acceptance of the 
within Bill as a Contribution towards their 
Design — 


INDORSED: Dec r . 1 st . 1769. 

To the Rev d . D r . Auchmuty 


In the the Johnson Calendar, p. 439, is listed a letter of December 1st 
to Oliver DeLancey, saying that he will buy Miln's patent of 500 acres, 
as Sir Peter Warren's children are now of age (printed in Doc. Hist. 
TV. Y., 2:960; Q, 2:556). 

A. L. S. 

New York the 4 December 1769 
I have this Moment received your favour of the 24 th Ult the 
Contents of which observe & in Answer the Severall Articles vou 

284 Sir William Johnson Papers 

mention arrivd here a few Days ago from New London & were 
immediately taken from on board the Vessell & put on board 
Pemberton but Pemberton being prevented from Sailing So Soon 
as He expected, I find the Packages were putt on board Sharp 
who Saild a few Days ago & I hope will get Safe to Albany, 
tho We are told the River is froze up a good Way below Albany 
— Enclosd I Send you the Letters I received for yourself & Sir 
John relative to those Things, I shall be much Obligd to you if 
you will be pleasd to deliver the Letter to Sir John with my 
Respects — I Sometime ago wrote you that Hamiltons Receipt 
for the Tooth Ach was not to be got as He was gone Away 
long before your Orders arrivd for that Article upon which M r 
Gaine faithfully promised to Send you a much better with Some 
other Things He was then agoing to Send you 

I am desird by Mr Croghan to acquaint you that the Bill I 
have on him t< £283 12 2 Amount of Mr Hays Account, will 
not be paid untill your Draft comes for the Money, Since the 
Generall Says He has desird you to putt them all in One Account 
& till that is done He does not Chuse to issue the Warrants, your 
Kind Compliance will therefore highly oblige 

Sir your most Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 
Captain Pemberton 
who is desired to See the Things 
Sent from Sharps Sloop to 
M r Van Eps in Schenectady 

INDORSED: Decb r . 4 th . 1769 

M r . Wetherheads letter 
ans' d . 30*. 10b'. 1769 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 285 


A. L. S. 

N York Dec 4, 1769 
[Sir] William 

The Harriet pacquet arrived last Wednesday, four days after 
the Hyde. 

The Grand Vizier is deposed & decollated, 

Prince Gallitzin recalled, disgraced &, it is expected, will 
visit Siberia. 

The Turkish Army have chaced the Russian from Choczim 1 
and destroyed many of their Enemies, but Gen 1 Romanzon 2 is 
expected hourly at the head of the Muscovites & perhaps his 
Abilities for Command will change the State of their Affairs. 
The french partie, powerfull att the Court of Petersburg, is 
hatching a Revolution and a Revolt is daily looked for, & yet 
the Empress has ordered 40,000 troops to Finland; the Restless 
Gaul having engaged the Swedes to threaten her on that Side, 
Her fleet was hourly expected, on their way to the Archipelago, 
upon the Coast of England." 

Still the Spirit of Petitioning goes briskly on and the publica- 
tions of D r Musgrave Explaining some mysterious Conduct of 
the Peers, who conducted the peace of Paris, have procured him 
the patronage [of] the Candid and better Sort of people in the 
] Kingdoms, 
expected the parliament will be dissolved [ 
the Supplies & the American affairs are [ ] thro the Houses. 

[India] stock sinks daily; the Ministry have stopped [the Com- 
pan]y from proceeding with the three superintendents of] the 
Company's affairs, and this in resent [ment at the la]te Refusal of 
the Requisition of Govern [ment ]tt the Commander of 

1 Khotin, or Chotin, on the Dniester. 

2 General Rumyantsev, who won a campaign in 1770 on the Pruth 
over the Tartars and over the Turks. 

3 At that time supporting the Russian cause. 

286 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Kings fleet in [those waters] to a voice on consultations upon 
[peace and war( ?) ] 

[ ]cant Ribbon [ ] Things go 

favorably in the Cabinet for [Paoli, He] behaves very con- 
sistantly and is perfectly [well re]ceived by the King and the 
first people. The Empress Queen, 1 tis said, is going to lop off 

| part of the low Countries as a portion with the | 
archdutchess to the Dauphin. 2 

Lord Holland ' is likely to be hard run by the Live [ry] of Lon- 
don, who are resolved to impeach him unless he can ballance his 
accounts very nicely. 

Those people are determined to have a Mayor to their Liking 
for the ensuing year, and therefore have set aside the Alderman 
next in rotation, as being in the Court Interest, & fixed upon Beck- 
ford & Trecothick for the Court of aldermen to choose one to fill 
the Chair, as is the Custom. 
Thus far the pacquet 

I hope my Epistle will find Good Sir William S r John & the 
Colonel in perfect Health I beg my Humble respects and 

I am, 

Sir William, 

Your most obedient ser[vant] 

Ja Rivington 


s » W m Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson hall 

INDORSED: [ ] 1769 

| Rivingtons letter 

1 Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria and wife of Francis I st. 
Emperor of Germany. 

2 Son-in-law of Maria Theresa and afterward King of France as 
Louis XVI. 

3 Henry Fox, Baron Holland, under charges relating to his administra- 
tion of the paymaster-general's office. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 287 

A. L. S. 

Kings Bridge 5 th . Dec'. 1769 
The freedom I take I hope will be excused by Sir William 
when I told M r . Colden that Sir William was pleased with the 
appointment of my Son as post — it gave him great Satisfaction 
Con 1 . Oliver Delancy and M r Apthorp have offered me their 
Intrest with the General to have myself appointed for the other 
post as the Connection of M r . Delancy and M r . Coldens ffamily 
is very well known by your Honour which Causes me to Trouble 
you with so trifling affair also to request a few lines from your 
Honour to M r . Colden for my appointment, as another will Cer- 
tainly be appointed in the room of M r . Taylor if so the greatest 
Care shall always be taken Both by myself and my Son of Both 
written and veribal Messuages to my from Sir William and the 
Johnson Family as well as all the freinds at the Mount and Hall 
the Inclosed is for your Perusal it being Judge Livingston ad- 
dress to the Assembly — this day M r . De Noyels presents a Bill 
to exclude Members from a Seat in that House — who holds 
offices under the Crown which I beleive will take place as the 
objection against Judge Livingston looked rather peaked without 
making it General 

From your Hble Serv f . 

• Jacob Dyckman 

] If I can obtain a few 
] please to direct them 
[to Richard Cartwrijght in 
[ ] Albany. 

288 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

Albemarle Street 
Dec' 5, 69— 
Dear Sir 

I am favor'd & have y e pleasure of your letter of y e 10 th of 
Oct r — Having been confin'd now ten weeks with a most dan- 
gerous illness in which I was three times given over I am so re- 
duced & so weak as not to be able to write or even think much — 
But I can not omitt expressing y e pleasure I have I feel in y e 
revival of our old f rendly communication & correspondence — 

If we had any Ministry any G 1 if there was any 

business done in any Office I wou'd improve (as our N England 
phase is) your Letter with government — as it is I will from y e 
hints of Information which it contains endeavor to make proper 
impressions on Individuals & if I could see any that those matters 
would either be understood or even listen'd to in Pari 1 I would 
mention them there — 

Our friend M r Wharton tells me that your health is not in a 
perfect state of Establishment — If you can not, from the obstruc- 
tions you meet with do y e real good which is necessary & to y e 
purpose come here & take care of your health — ask Leave to 
leave y e Affairs in Col Croghan's hand 'till your Return or in y e 
hands of your Son whom I much lament never having seen in 
England — but he was I suppose in hands that w d not lett him 
come near me — 

I wish you may be able to read this which I am scarce able to 
write — My hand shakes so I must give over I will rest a while 
that I may with a hand as steady as my heart to you subscribe 
myself what I really am — 


Y r Affectionate friend 


3 In Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 289 


The Hon le 

S r . W m Johnson Bar 1 &c &c &c &c 
Johnson Hall 
Albany County 
New York 
.ondon Decry. 5 th . 1 769 

jOv r . Pownals letter 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall Dec r . 6 th 1769 

On my return from a Tour I made thro the Indian Nations to 
Seneca I was favored with your Letter of 8th May which gave 
ne Much Satisfaction as I can have no doubt of the Success of 
lis Grace the Arch Bishops application for a Grant in favor of 
he Church The Lands are no part of those Ceded by the Indians 
it the Fort Stanwix Treaty nor are they near them they are part 
)f a Tract purchased sometime ago at the North side of the 
Mohock River in which some of my friends are concerned with 
nyself but as I have never engaged in any Ind n . Lands but in one 
nstance for wch I have been lately honored with his Majestys 
^etters patent, my Estate being purchased from the old patentees, 
. Engaged in this & I was induced to make the offer purely from 
ny Inclination to serve the Church w ch stands so much in Need 
)f Assistance in this Country, by contribute, as far as I co^. 
owards the Establishment of an American Episcopate Agreeable 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 
fohnson. The manuscript is marked by numerous erasures and corrections. 

290 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to which as soon as I could after the rec f . of your Letter I sent 
out a Survey r . to run the Lines of the Tract of which the proposed 
20,000 a is part which occasioned me to delay writing sooner as I 
waited his return & report of the Quantity & Quality of the 
Whole, The Survey being now Compleated I find that the Land 
is in general tolerably good for altho in some places rough there 
is a great deal of good soil [with] out it & there are in it Some 
Lakes, part of wch will fall into the 20,000. & increase its Value 
with New Settlers on acct of fishing the interior part I know but 
little of the Survey", remarks chiefly regarding the Parts adjacent 
to its out Lines, but I think it will be best to Lay it out, Begins, 
at the Canada Creek at the N E corner of a Tract lately Granted 
to me by his Ma 1 ? & running from thence N 74 E 710 Chains to a 
Corner Tree then ab l . South to the N E corner of a Tract be- 
longing to Lott & Low, thence N 58 W along Lot & Lows Line 
ab'. 792 Chains to the place of beginning, this Contains accord' 
to the Survey 20600 Acres include part of the Lakes w ch will 
take but little from its Quantity to Illustrate this I inclose you a 
little Sketch, and I think upon the whole it must be of Value in 
a little Time as Sev 1 . Tracts have been lately patented which are 
at a greater distance from the Market & River than this, part of 
w ch is within ab 1 . seven Miles of my House, & When a Short 
Road now undertaken is compleated will be little more than 30 
from Schenectady. I shall now proceed to give you an Acct 
of my proceed 3 , in Conseq ce . of the societys late Appointm' 5 
Agreable to wch I have fixed a Worthy honest Man as a School- 
master At the Mohocks who tho' there only since 24 th . March 
has already Already 30 Ind n . Children under his Tuition who 
improve very fast & their Number will be Shortly Augmented. 
I have likewise Established a fit person who received a Liberal 
Education in Europe at Johns Town near this place, who has at 
present near 45 Children Whites and Indians & his School daily 
encreases, The Name of the first mentioned School Master is 
Collin M c Leland, of the last is Edw d . Wall, I have already ad- 
vanced them half a Years Sallary & purpose that they shall Soon 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 291 

draw for the Am 1 on M r Symonds, agreable to advice from D r . 
Auchmuty / The Rev d . M r Seabury of West Chester has been 
here but tho' he likes the place he is so Connected at his present 
Mission that he does not think it prudent to remove unless the 
Sallary for Johnstown was increased, and the situat" of my 
affairs with the expence I have been at in building a Church, 
Parsonage & School House &ca will not allow me to add more 
than I offered him — Most of the other Missionaries are Circum- 
stanced in the like Manner & it Seems equally inconven'. to them 
to remove unless on better Sallarys than are allowed for that 
purpose. This, with the ill Success of our Endeavors in Eng- 
land gives me real Concern as I foresee the consequences as well 
as I do the advantages of hav§ the new missions filled with Men 
of Good Character. [Is there not a possibility of getting 2 or 3 
Young Men of Small Interest & Low Circumstances from some 
of the Universities or other Learned foundations to take orders 
for this purpose? I hope there is, or that you may meet with 
others more fitting in a little time, for I cannot help Interesting 
myself much in a Cause that stands in so much Need of Support, 
& when every Measure is taking to discourage it 1 .] — Since 
Writing the foregoing M r . W m . Andrews who is to be the bearer 
of this has called upon me well recommended to signify his desire 
for taking Orders & Obtaining the Mission for Schenectady where 
he has some Relations and is much esteemed by the people, and 
for which from the Character I have of him, Joined to my Own 
Observations I think him well Qualified, he has received his 
Education at Trinity College Dublin and has a Brother who has 
a Living in Ireland and as he now goes for London to apply for 
Orders I take the Liberty of recommending him for that Mission, 
M r . Andrews has observed to me that there are many Gentlemen 
of good Character in Ireland who he thinks would embrace the 
Offer of Missions here, & that some Sober & aged Graduates of 
Trin: Coll: might easily be had from thence, I therefore think it 
necessary to offer this to the Consideration of the Society as 

1 Crossed out in the original. 

292 Sir William Johnson Papers 

worthy attention seeing that all our Endeavors hitherto elsewhere 

have proved ineffectual. 

As I hope to hear from You soon & Shall 
not omit writing When anything Material 
Occurs I have only Now to add that I am 
with perfect Regard 


Sho d . there be occasion to insert 

any part of the foregoing in the Societys 

publications, I sho d . be glad that 

the particular description of the Land was 

Omitted, because I would not unnecessarily 

draw on myself the remarks of those who are 

enemys to the Wellfare of our Church. — 

or the insinuation that thereby the Officers of 

Gov', here are deprived offers &ca. 

but this is entirely submitted to the Wisdom 

of the society, whose Judjment will direct them 

in the choice of any part of my Correspondence 

that may be Judged necessary for publication. 

The Rev d . D r . Burton 

INDORSED : Dec r . 6 th . 1 769 
To D r . Burton 

Secy, to the Society for propagating 
the Gospel. 

V M r . Andrews 


Johnson Hall Dec'. 6"'. 1769 


I have had the favor of your Letter which was in Consequence 
of a paragraph in Mine to GoV. Penn That the Indians had 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 293 

Darticularly desired me to mention to him, And Altho' I con- 
ectured there might be some Mistake in it from the Nature of the 
Representation, and the good Opinion I entertain of your discre- 
ion in an Affair so sensibly interesting to the Indians, yet I 
hought it best to give an Opportunity of Clearing it up on the 
Side affect [ed] especially as the Chiefs of Onohghquage 1 &ca 
vere Extremely earnest, and appeared fully persuaded of what 
Wrote upon, notwithstanding my laying before them the Im- 
>robability of it. — I am therefore glad that your Letter furnishes 
ne with an opportunity of Clearing up this Affair and placing it 
n so favorable a Light, but from the situation you have described 
. apprehend it is neither Within the Purchase of this Province or 
3 ennsylv a . so that I see no prospect of Locating it under such 
Circumstances, otherwise I should not refuse you any Assistance 
n my power. 



CaughnaWaga 7 December 1769 

~Ionb le Sir William Johnson Bar f : 

Bought of Jelles Fonda 
20 Blankets of 14 points 12/ £ 12 

[ ] White Shirts 14/ 4 4 

Ditt°. do> 11/ 3 6- 

£ 19 10 

p r . John Wallis 


Major [Fonda's bill] 
£19. .10..- 

This word and the abbreviation following supplied by Johnson. 

294 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contemporary Copy 1 

Copy/ Johnson Hall December 8 th . 1769. 

Dear Sir, 

Since my last the Cherokees who attended the Treaty with the 
Six Nations 2 are all arrived at my House with several Chiefs of 
the latter, who have laid before me the whole of their late pro- 
ceedings, the general purport of which was that the Cherokees 
came to renew and strengthen the late Treaty of Peace settled 
here with the Six Nations, and to earnestly desire that the Six 
Nations and Coghnawageys should (in consequence thereof) 
unite their Arms against several of the Western and Southern 
Indian Enemys to both, they spoke on above Thirty Belts and 
Strings of Wampum, and in particular delivered them a Pipe 
resembling a Head, to signify that they put their Heads into their 
Hands, to be directed by them as they thought best. The Agents 
amongst the Six Nations whom I had previously instructed, as un- 
certain of the event of the Treaty, having had the Success to pre- 
vail in the Council of the Six Nations. The Three Elder Tribes 
of the latter replied to the Cherokees, after the usual Cermonies 
that they thanked them for renewing and strengthening the Treaty, 
and promised that on their parts it should be strictly observed, that 
the Nations most obnoxious to them were those towards the Ili- 
nois, particularly the Piankashaws and Wawiaghtenoes, to which 
the younger Branches of the Confederacy added the Chactaws, 
and some others, and the whole Confederacy unamimously gave 
for Answer, that agreable to their former Engagements entered 
into with me, they would take Care of their Pipes, Belts &ca, and 
come to me to desire a Publick Meeting with me on the Occasion, 

1 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.88. p. 59, London, England. 

2 Held March 4-12, 1/68. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 295 

as they were determined to enter into no Publick Engagements 
without communicating them first to me, and recieving my 
Opinion and Approbation. 

The Cherokees (after taking Notice in a very pritty Manner 
of the Obligations they owed to me for my Endeavors in effecting 
the late Peace between them) approved of what the Six Nations 
had resolved on, and the whole result was that the Chiefs of the 
Six Nations Accompanied by the Cherokees (the latter of whom 
are to remain here untill Spring) should come hither to request 
that I would light the Council Fire and call the Confederacy and 
Indians of Canada together this Winter, in Order to give them my 
Advice as to the Conduct of the War proposed, and to hear their 
Sentiments on the Proposals made to them, in consequence of 
which several are already here, and more on their way. This 
unavoidable and troublesome Circumstance altho' on many Ac- 
counts very agreable is particularly distressing to me at present, 
from the scarsity of Provisions, and as there is a Necessity for my 
Meeting them in consequence of their late Resolutions, and that 
as soon as I can, I am entirely at a Loss how to Conduct myself 
on Account of the Expence which at any rate will be consider- 
able, and particularly how I shall supply them with Provisions, 
the Scarsity and dearness of which renders it impossible for me to 
get it in the Country, on these Heads I must request to be favored 
with your Advice and Directions, after which there will I expect 
be Time before they can Assemble from Canada &ca for de- 
terming what Steps will be best to take at the Congress, which, as 
I look upon it to be of Consequence and Importance should be 
rendered by proper Management, of as much real use to the Pub- 
lick as possible, for altho' a War amongst themselves may be 
thought to effect the Commerce in that Quarter, yet I have strong 
reasons to think that unless they are engaged in something of that 
kind, many may be drawn into Plots and Designs of a more 
dangerous Tendency, and indeed the Conduct of the Nations that 
way, has lately been such, as to obstruct the Trade and Com- 

296 Sir William Johnson Papers 

munication nearly or full as much as if a War had Actually 

I am with the most Cordial Esteem. 

Dear Sir, 
(Signed) W. JOHNSON. 

His Excellency GENERAL GAGE. 

INDORSED : Copy of a Letter from 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

to General Gage. 


Johnson Hall Decern': 8 th : 1769 

In Major Gen 1 . Gage's (N°. 39) 

of Jany 6 th . 1 770. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 440, is a letter of December 9th from 
the Earl of Hillsborough, at Whitehall, authorizing Johnson to declare 
the royal ratification of the treaty at Fort Stanwix, excepting private 
grants, commending Sir William's vigilance and expressing doubt as to 
French influence over the Indians (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
2:960-61; Q, 2:556-57). 

Below Johnson's indorsement is a certificate of John Van Ness Yates, 
secretary of state of New York, declaring that the paper is filed in his 
office. Dated July 18, 1823. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 440, is a letter of December 1 0th from 
William Andrews, at Schenectady, informing that he will soon return to 
Ireland and proposing that vacant missions in this province be supplied 
by graduates of Trinity college, Dublin, in view of the want of clergy 
in England and the meager facilities for education in America (printed 
in Doc. Hist. N. Y.. 4:41-22; Q, 4:264-65). 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 297 

A. L. S. 

New York 1! lh Decern'. 1769 

My last to you was of the 20 Ultimo, I have only now to 
Inform you that I have paid the Following drafts as al fact which 
are Carried to your New Account and that M r . Mortier Arrived 
here in Perfect Health Twelve days Aga — 
I am with great Regard 

Your most Obedient, and 
most Humble Servant 

W M . Newton 

[ ] draft to John Moffatt for £80 

[ ] ditto to John Roach for 90 4 6 

[ ] ditto on Robert Adems to Phyn & 

Ellice for 400 

] ditto to Daniel Campbell for 150 

£720 4 6 
[Sir] William Johnson Baronet. 

ADDRESSED: On His Majestys Service 

To Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 New York 1 1 th Decb r . 1769 
M r . Newtons Letter 
w th . a list of some Drafts 
of mine. 

Ans rd . 

In Johnson's hand. 

298 Sir H' illiam Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 1 

NewYorkDeC. II th 1769 
Dear Sir, 

The Business of the Packet prevented my acknowledging your 
Favour of the 23 d . Nov r . by the last Post Observing there are 
Charges for Smith and Interpreters, I am to beg of you either 
to tell me their Names, or where they are posted, that I may make 
no Mistake about them; for M r . Croghan has been paid for 
Draughts on him for Sundry Smiths and Interpreters; and the 
Officers Commanding at the Posts, have been directed to pay 
them from the time discharged your Service, as they were not to 
be inserted afterwards in the Indian Accounts. The Sum 
allowed you being too small to incur those Expences, and I must 
curtail them whenever the Provinces shall judge proper to appoint 

A warrant shall be immediately Made out for the two Ac- 
counts you transmitted in the above Letter, and as the Accounts 
you Sent by M r : Adams, of Cap 1 . M c .Leod's and M r . Hay's 
Expenditures, as Commissarys at Niagara and the Detroit, which 
belong to the former Establishment of your Department, before 
the New Regulations took Place, they will be paid by a separate 
Warrant, to which may be added the Account of Smith's work 
at Oswegatchi and that of Captain Glazier at Michillimakinac. 
The two last May also enter into the old Establishment the Ex- 
pences being incurred during that time, but the officers at the 
Posts will receive orders to draw no more Bills upon you. 

The Indian" who accompanied Silver Heels" from Fort 
Chartres was paid by Lieu'. Colonel Wilkins; I Send you an 
Extract from the Colonel's Ace', to me, by which it appears they 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Peter, a Mohawk. 
• A Seneca warrior. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 299 

were both paid by him before they left Fort Chartres. How 
they may have Managed between themselves I can't say but from 
the Account they have received in Money and Goods to the 
Amount of 1 50 Dollars. 

I hope you will Soon receive advice that the Meeting at Onan- 
daga has turned out to your Satisfaction. I am with great 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 

S R : W M . Johnson Bar': 
indorsed : Decb r . 1 1 th . 1 769 

Genr'. Gages Letter 
w ,h . an Inclosure 

D. S. 1 

Sir Wm. Johnson's bill for Indian expenses in purchase of land, 
Dec. 12, 1769. 

The Honble the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania To Sundry Ex- 
penses accrued for Sending up & paying the Five Nations the 
Purchase money for the Lands they Sold at Fort Stanwix 
Treaty D r . 

£ s. d. 
To an Express Sent to give all the Nations 

notice 8. 16. 0. 

To the hire of 5 Battoemen from 26 th . June to 
6 th August 5s & day they finding them- 
selves in provisions 52 . 10. . 

1 In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Penn-Physick Manuscripts, 
vol. IV, 1676-1801, Philadelphia, Pa. 

300 Sir William Johnson Papers 

£ s. d. 

To provisions to the Indians 45 . 14. 

To Another Express sent from Seneca to hurry 
the most Distant of their Tribes which de- 
tained business for 1 2 Days 6. 18. 

£ 113. 18. 10.' 
W. Johnson 

Philadelphia 12 th : Decern'. 1769. 
Mr Physick 2 

The above Sum of £1 13 .. 18. . 10 New York Currency was 
paid by me to Jn°. Wetherhead at New York with money be- 
longing to M r . Hockley; You must therefore pay M r . Hockley 
the like Sum in discharge of the above Amount. 

John Penn 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 440, are listed three warrants of Decem- 
ber 14th, 15th and 16th from General Thomas Gage, authorizing the 
payment to Johnson of £2483, 13s, 9d, New York currency, £2377, 
7s, 9d and £933, 6s, 3%d. Destroyed by fire. 

D/. ! 

[Johnson hall, December 15, 1769] 

I have rec d . y r Letter & agreable to my promise I now Inclose 
you a Letter to D r Burton the Societys Secy wherein I have made 

1 The added item, I0d., not explained in the manuscript. 

2 Edmund Physick, agent of the Penn Family. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 301 

particular mention of your design, and recommended you to the 
Society for the Mission of Schenectady to which I daresay you 
will be appointed 

I have taken Notice of what you Mention concerning Mission- 
aries from Trinity College in my Letter & I make no doubt that 
in case they are not already supplied it will be attended to. 

Should any Unforeseen Event retard your Arrival in London 
you will please to forward My Letter either by post, or some Safe 
Conveyance, as it contains some particulars which the Society 
require to know as soon as possible, I heartily wish you success 
and a safe return to America and am Sir 

Your Very humble Servt 
INDORSED: 1 Decb r . 15 th . 1769 

To M r . W m . Andrew 
w'' 1 . an Inclosure 

A. L. S. 

Albany 15 Dec' 1769 


M r . Grace left this Just in the nick of time he desired me to 
procure you Some Oranges which have done & also he desired me 
to provide you Some good Cheese there is not an Ounce to be 
had at York nor here Doct. Sam 1 Stringer has promised to send 
you a Diece — the Oranges Shall be Sent you the first Slay that 
goes4hey have been mighty busy in Signing Petitions to the As- 
sembly one party for no rum to be Sent on any Acco 1 . farther 
than Niagara, this Signed by numbers of Dutch trader & no 
traders & Seems entirely Calculated to take the trade Quite of 
the hands of all Uropeans^ 

the other is a Senceable well wrote petition the Just reverce of 
the Other and is for an Open free trade Signed only by Uropean 
traders — y 

In Johnson's hand. 

302 Sir William Johnson Papers 

There is Another petition to have the County divided Just As 
Specified in the late Act. its a paltry thing as to the writing it 
and the reasons assign'd they are Cursedly afraid of having 
Schoharie included in the New County, these Petitions are all 
gone down two by Coll° Schuyler. & 1 by Com d Grant that for 
the Division of County is Signed by great numbers. I thot it 
proper to give you this little Acco'. of our Polliticks and to As- 
sure you that I am with respect 


Your most hum e Serv 1 

R Cartwright 

The Hon Ie . Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 
Johnson Hall 
¥ M r . Steel 

M r . Cartwr[ights letter] 

A. L. S. 

[Kin]derhook 16 December 1769 
I had the honor of writing you from New York about a Fort- 
night or three Weeks ago and [ ] Send you a Copy of a Regis- 
ters of Military Commissions issued by His Excellency Sir Henry 
Moore [ ] which it appears that this Populace Township has 

been left out of all the Regiments. — We had [yejsterday a 
Town Meeting when I Communicated to my Townsmen the 
designs that had been formed against us | ]d in part carried 

into execution by Col°. Rensselaer and his Friends — A unani- 
mous opposition was immediately [reso]lved upon and a Peti- 
tion against the Claverack Regiment was signed in Substance 
with the one that was delivered Sir Henry Moore last Spring, of 
which I took the liberty of Sending you a Copy. — One Petition 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 303 

will be accompanied with a number of Antidated Commissions 
— one of them I beg leave to trouble you with at the request 
[of th]e principle People of the Township. At our Meeting 
yesterday we were informed that a Petition was Soon [to] make 
its appearance here to join with the Albanians to pray that 
Schohary may remain in the old County. 1 — If such a Petition 
should appear here I am authorised by the Body of the People to 
Assure you that it will meet with the Contempt it deserves. I 
intended to have paid my respects to you [ ] after my arrival 

here but the Weather has been so disagreeably bad that I have 
thought best to [pu]t off my jaunt 'till some time in the Winter, 
in the mean time I remain with the greatest respect 

Your most Obedient 

and most humble servant 


The Hon ble . 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Fort Johnson 

indorsed: [ ] 1 6 th Decb r . 1 769 

Henry Vanschaack Esq rs . 
Letter w ,h . an Inclosure 


A. L. S. 

New York the 18 December 1769 
I flatter myself you have receivd the Severall Articles Sent you 
[by] Captain Sharp who I am told got Safe to Albany before 
the river closed — I now take the Liberty of writing to You at 

1 By the act of March 12, 1772, Schoharie was left in Albany 
county. See The Colonial Laws of New York, V:320; also C. J. 
Sauthier's map of New York and New Jersey, 1777 or his map of 
New York, 1779. 

304 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the request of Mr Kempe, concerning the Lands on the East 
Side of Schohary Creek which were included in our Indian Pur- 
chase, Severall People have applyd for those Lands under the 
Pretence that they were included in a Purchace made from the 
Kates Kill Indians in the Year 1766 by Scott, French &c a . 1 
M r Croghan assures us that the Katts Kill Indians had no Right 
to any Lands there in Consequence of which I have enterred a 
Caveat against granting his Majestys Letters Patent to Any Per- 
sons untill I am heard before the Governor & Councill upon the 
Matter & for this End I Shoud esteem myself happy if I coud 
get your Opinion before the intended Hearing, because I am con- 
fident you know better than All the World besides How far the 
Rights of the Katts Kill and those of the Mohawk Indians extend 
& Consequently your Opinion respecting that Matter will be 
particularly attended to by the Governor & Councill, indeed I do 
not believe they will determine the Matter without first having 
your Opinion — Coll° Croghan has been kind enough to offer 
his Evidence (if Wanted) at the Board, which will do very well 
as far as it goes; but as every [body] will think you much more 
intimately acquainted with this [majtter than M r Croghan can 
possibly be — Permitt me Sir to ask [the] favour of your candid 
Opinion concerning this Matter, in [order] that (if necessary & 
with your Permission) I may lay it before [the Go]vernor & 
Councill — Shoud you think there is any thing improper [or im- 
pertinent ?] in this Request I begg your Pardon for it, but if not 
to assure you Sir that your kind Compliance will 
be [a] very particular Favour done to 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 

] heads Letter 

' See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 395 and Calendar of Council 
Minutes, p. 515. 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 305 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady Dec r . the 19 th . 1769 

As the Distress I Labor under at this time is very great, I hope 
you will Consider it in some Sort as an Excuse for this Liberty 

With great Reluctance & fear of Offending or being thought by 
you too presuming, I sometime ago Apply'd to Coll 1 . Johnson to 
lay my Case before you and beg your Assistance to Enable me 
to quit the place and in a late Letter Coll 1 . Johnson mentions to 
me that he had laid my Case before you, and that you had kindly 
promised to lett me have about twenty pounds I thereupon 
Apply'd to my Friend Duncan by whose Assistance I managed 
matters so, that with thirty p ds . I coud quit the place and go up to 
Johns Town ; of this I Inform'd Coll 1 . Johnson & Beg'd he woud 
mention it to you, and if it was Settled, that he shoud desire Sut- 
ton to come down to me; at the same time I wrote to Sutton 
directing him so soon as Coll 1 . Johnson shoud give him the Need- 
full, to come off, with one Sledge only & to Order Seven Others 
to come down the day following to bring up all my things and 
family; but Instead of Observing my directions, Sutton came 
down [ ] on Sunday Night with one Sledge, without 

any thing Else, and this morning Seven others 
] came down, to my very great distress, as I [ 
declare I had not one Dollar in the World and it was with the 
Utmost difficulty I coud [ ] to send my things off, and 

shoud not have been able [ Effect it but for the As- 

sistance of my Friends Duncan & M c . Donald, who were soN> 
good as to give thier words [with] mine that the moneys shoud 
be paid by thursday Night next, and I am on my parole of Honor 
not to quit this or M r Duncans untill the moneys are paid, this 
Sir is truly my present Situation, and have not any method left 
Untry'd, to Extricate myself, but by Applys. to you, I therefore 
Earnestly beg you will Assist me with £30 for w cl \ I send you 

306 Sir William Johnson Papers 

my Bond Enclosed, I doubt not I shall be able to pay it by the 
time Specify'd, perhaps sooner, & I Assure you it will serve me 
most Essentially, & with the truest Sense of Gratitude I shall ever 
remain S r . 

Your much Oblidged & most 
Obed'. Servant 

Dudley Davis 

I have directed Sutton, as soon as he receives your [Answer] to, 
Endeavour to procure a Sledge or some other Convey [ance] & 
send it down Immediately to bring up M rs . Davis [ 
Self, our boy and Girl being gone with the Sledges | 



[December 20-23, 1769] 
Extract of Bounds of Lands Petitioned for by 
John Bergen 
A Tract of Land in the County of Albany situate on the North 
West side of the South West Branch of Hudsons River, Begin- 
ning at the Northwesterly corner bounds of the Patent of Sachen- 
daga and which is also the Southeast Corner and place of begin- 
ning of a Tract of thirty thousand Acres of Land lately Peti- 
tioned for by Isaac Low and his Associates, and running thence 
Southwesterly Westerly and Northwesterly along the Westerly 
and Northerly bounds of the Patented Lands there until a North 
sixty Degrees East Line will strike the Southwesterly Corner 
bounds of a Tract of forty six thousand Acres of Land lately 
Petitioned for by Thomas Palmer and his Associates, Thence 
running along the South bounds of the said Tract petitioned for 
by the aforesaid Isaac Low and Thomas Palmer, South thirty 
Degrees East to the place of beginning containing about thirty 
thousand Acres be the same more or less. — 

1 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 459, 482, 483. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 307 

The like by Robert Leake 
A Certain Tract of Land unpatented, situate lying and being in 
the County of albany on the Northwesterly side of the South- 
westerly Branch of Hudsons River beginning at the Southeast 
Corner of Certain Lands prayed to be purchased by Peter Rem- 
sen and his Associates, thence running down the said Branch the 
distance of 360 Chains upon a Straight Line [runnjing thence 
North 30 Deg s . West keeping the full breadth before mentioned 
so far as will com[prehend 30000 acres] 

Peter Remsen & Associates — 
A Certain Tract of Land in the County of Albany on the North- 
westerly side of the Southwesterly branch of Hudsons River be- 
ginning at the South East Corner of Certain Lands prayed for by 
Dirck Lefferts and his Associates thence running down the said 
Branch the distance of 360 Chains upon a Streight Line & run- 
ning thence North 30 Deg. W. keeping the full breadth before 
mentioned so far as will comprehend thirty thousand Acres. — 

Dirck Lefferts & Associates 
A Certain Tract of Land in the County of albany on the North- 
westerly side of the Southwesterly branch of Hudsons River Be- 
ginning at the S. E. Corner of Certain Lands prayed to be pur- 
chased by Isaac Low and his Associates, thence running down 
the said Branch the distance of 360 Ch: upon a Streight Line, 
and running thence North 30 Deg. W. keeping the full breadth 
before mentioned so far as will comprehend 30,000 a . 

Isaac Low and Associates. 
A Tract of Land unpatented situate lying and being | 
County of Albany on the Northwesterly side of [ 
Branch of Hudsons River beginning in the [ ] Corner 

of the Sachendaga Patent, thence [ ] Deg. W. 650 

Ch : or thereabouts [ ] Ch : thence S. 30 Deg. E. 

to the said Branch of Hudsons River then up along the said 
Branch till it meets with the Patented Lands there thence along 
the Northerly and Westerly bounds of the said Patented Lands 


308 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to the place of beginning so as to Comprehend within the Bounds 
thereof the Quantity of thirty thousand acres. 

Thomas Palmer and Associates. 
A Tract of Land in the County of Albany beginning at the North 
Westerly Corner of certain Lands on the Northwesterly side of 
the Southwesterly Branch of Hudsons River prayed to be pur- 
chased by Isaac Low and his Associates, thence running along 
the Northwesterly Bounds of the said Tract and of certain other 
Tracts prayed to be purchased by Dirck Lefferts and his As- 
sociates, Peter Remsen and his Associates, and Robert Leake and 
his Associates to the Northeasterly Corner thereof thence North 
thirty Degrees 30 Deg. W. keeping the full breadth before men- 
tioned so far as will Comprehend 46,000 acres. — 

Thomas Duncan and Associates 
A Certain Tract of Land in the County of Albany situate be- 
tween the North and the Southwest branch of Hudsons River, 
beginning at the Fork of the said River running from thence up 
along the Northwest side of the said Southwest Branch until it 
meets a Tract of 30,000 Acres of Land lately Petitioned for by 
Robert Leake Esquire and Associates, thence N. 30 Deg. W. 
along the Easterly bounds of the last mentioned Tract and the 
other Petitioned for by Thomas Palmer and his Associates 
] to the Northeast Corner of the last mentioned Tract 
and to run thence North 60 Deg. E [ ] with the 

said North branch of Hudsons [ ] down along the 

said West side thereof to [ beginning containing 

about 45,000 acres including the Mountains. — 

Jeremiah Van Renselaer & others Lycence to 

purchase Granted 3 d . October I 769. 
A Tract of Land in the County of Albany on the West side of 
Hudsons River about 36 Miles above Saraghtoga and about 
Seven Miles to the West of Lake George containing by estimation 
25,000 acres together with two Islands lying opposite to the said 
Land in the said River containing about 100 Acres each. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 309 


Norwalk in Con 1 . Dec'. 20, 1769 
To promote the Gospel among the Indians" the 2 d thing I pro- 
pose is,<That all the Missionaries shd be single men, & marry into 
some chief family of the Tribe to w h they are sent./ 3 d thing 
proposed is, That only one sort of Missions shd be allowed to go 
among them, for it there be more, neither will succeed. 

My zeal for the cause I wrote upon must be my apology for 
laying my mind so freely open to your excellency in an affair un- 

I understand the convention of the Clergy of this Colony have 
wrote to you in fav r of Patrick Thacher Esq r . the Bearer of this, 
who I have been informd waits upon your excellency for advice in 
matters of great importance. You will find him a plain, honest 
man, a thorough Churchman, and a good Man. In short he has 
been trained up in our spiritual flanders where he has learnt the 
use of every weapon, & always ready to defend religion from the 
perpetual attacks of Dissenters & Infidels. 

I am may it please y r excellency &c 

Jeremiah Leaming 

Miss r y. at Norwalk 

New York, March 5, 1770 

I coud wish that the Bishop had a little more zeal, & were not 
afraid of shadows, & the Society more resolution & application in 
affairs that immediately concern them. Were they to act with 
the same spirit that animates their Enemies, success, considering 
their great weight, as a respectable Body, must attend all their 
endeavors. They are intimidated by Scriblers or they woud 
make use of their powerful Interest to do Justice to the National 
Church & its friends. No exertion on their part in favour of an 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. The first and the second 
letter were unquestionably written to Johnson. 

310 Sir William Johnson Papers 

american Bishop appears, or is like to appear; the Ministry are 
averse to it, for fear of offending their good friends the american 
Wigs, who do, & will ride triumphant unless God in his wise 
providence interferes. 

Your just observations upon the Gentlemen educated in the 
College of Dublin in holy orders, I have communicated to the 
Society, & have backed them with a request that they may be 
solicited to accept of american missions. The reputation of the 
College for learning & Loyalty is very high, & I am confident 
deservingly so — I am so sensible of this, that I shall think myself 
happy if I can, a few years hence, send one of my sons to it, to 
be educated in such principles as may render him serviceable to 
his king & his Country. 

M r Inglis who is a sensible man & a true friend to Church & 
state has anticipated my mentioning to you the imprudent step the 
Government have taken in sending a popish missionary among 
the Indians to the Eastward — A popish Bishop & a popish 
Missionary, now in America & the poor neglected Church of 
England left to combat with them & numerous Dissenters without 
the least help protection, or countenance. Such a discourage- 
ment, nay pardon me, if I say cruel treatment I am confident 
canot be parelleld. Our loyalty & our duty oblige us to submit 
to our superiors & I hope ever will &c 

The Dissenters here pretend to be our only patriots & one Cap'. 
M c Dougall, hardly known, sets himself up for the second Wilks 
He has most audaceously libelled three branches of the Legisla- 
ture — is countenanced only by the Dissenting party, & S r 

of Albany, who has warmly espoused their Interest. He is now 
as he says under persecution ; if so may he never meet with less — 
for less it is than he deserves. I will not trouble you any longer 
with so worthless a subject. 

Your much obliged 

Samuel Auchmuty 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 311 

Df. 1 
Johnson Hall Dec'. 20>K 1769 


Since the return of my Son Sir John from England I have 
received such an Accot. of your very kind and Affectionate en- 
quirys concerning your Brother Lieut Achilles Preston, as also 
from Doctor Shuckburgh, that I am induced tho a Stranger to 
you to represent his Case in such a light as will do Justice to him 
and I hope afford satisfaction to his friends — I know him person- 
ally since the siege of Niagara in 1 759, and always found him an 
Alert Officer 2 — The Following year some unhappy differences 
arose in which he had the misfortune to be, I believe very in- 
nocently involved, and which compelled him to leave the Army, 
but as this was not occasioned by any dishonorable act of his, but 
rather to the Strictness of Military Law, which at some period 
may extend to any Man, he was universally pitied, and is always 
spoken very favorably of by the Gentlemen of the Army, tho' 
his spirit will not allow him to attempt to enter into it again. — In 
this Situation he came under my protection, accompanied the 
Indians & others under my Command against the Enemy, and 
was by me appointed an Officer in that service in the Indian rup- 
ture which happened soon after, wherein he acquitted himself 
much to my satisfaction, and soon after married an Agreable 
Young Woman near N York but finding that part too Expensive 
for one [ ] circumstances, he applied to me, in conse- 

quence of which he is now Settled on a [ ] farm on my 

Estate about a Mile from my house, to which he diligently and 
[indus]triously applies all his Attention, and would I am pre- 
suaded get into easy and ] able circumstances with a 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Lieutenant Preston's regiment, the 44th, took part under Johnson 
in the reduction of Fort Niagara. Preston was recommended May 1 4, 
1 768 for a lieutenancy in Guy Johnson's regiment. 

3 1 2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

little Assistance to buy a Negro, or two, horses &ca. As his 
| may prevent him from saying as much, and as I have 
been always disposed [ ] him as far as I conveniently 

could from the great Expences to which I am | 
I think it an Act of Justice to mention these facts to his friends, 
that on knowing his present situation and Circumstances they may 
have it in their power to testify their regard for a Very Worthy 
Man at the very period when by their kind help he may be 
enabled to establish himself in such a Manner as will reflect honor 
on them, as a little well timed remembrance may be the means of 
his acquiring a handsome Competency and prove the foundation 
of that fortune to which his Reputation & merit intitles him. As 
I could not say less in his behalf, so I think it needless to say more, 
to a Gentleman of whom I have had a very advantagious char- 
acter as this was the origin of my friendship for him, I cannot but 
esteem his worthy Relations and remain with regard 


[ ] Preston 

INDORSED: 1 Decb r . 22 d . 1769 

Letter to M r . Preston 
Mercer in London 


A. D. 

[December 21, 1769] 

1 769 S 1 W m Johnson Bar 1 , to David Quack 

£ S d 

to Six Days, makeing of Bricks at 8 s 2 8 

to 1 1 Days & Half for my Son Abraham 

making of Bricks at/ 8 s p r Day 4 12 

to 3 Days Masons Work 18 

to 1 Skepple of Lime 1 6 

In Johnson's hand. 

Pod-War Period, 1 763-1 774 313 

1 763 to 9 Days Making of Bricks of my Son Peter 

D. Quackenbosh 3 12 

to 22 Days of masons Work of my Self 6 12 

to 2 Days of masons Work of my son John 
Scott Quackenboss 12 

1 763 to 4 Days Work of my Self & my Son Jeremiah 
making your Brick Place Ready 
to 1 7 Days making of Bricks 
to 2 Days of my Self 

to 12 Days of my Son Peter D Quakenbos 
making of Bricks 

to Putting up your Brick Kiln 4 Days [ ] Half 
My Son Peter D Quakenbos has Helped me 
4 Days & Half 

To 8 Days & 8 Nights Burning y r [ 
Two of us 

45 18 6 
| Johnson S r by Settleing accounts 
| Quackenbushs I find Written in his book A [ Memo- 
rand] om, of the Last time of your Honours [ | Accounts 
together in the year [ ] 

1 764 Memorandom of Cash Receiv,d in [ of S r W m 

Johnson Bar 1 £ S d 

Paid to my Son Peter 6 10 

Paid to Peter Conyen 4 










Total Rec d 20 1 
Errors Excepted 

Ballance Due 25 9 6 

INDORSED: [ ] David Quakenbosh 

Account Against 
[ ] W m Johnson 

[ ] Bar* ' 

3 1 4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Philadelphia De hr . 22* . 1769 

I wrote y r . Honor before I Left New york and Inform d . you 
the Cause of My Long Delay there vA was Ocationed on 
Acount of them percheses w h . was Made att Fort Stanwix w*\ 
throu the asistence of Governor Colden & M r . Bayaner I gott all 
Setled & Secur d . w h . I blive Wold Never a been don had I Nott 
gott Down att y e . Time I Did & Governor Colden Come into 
the administeration 

I See the General often while I was in york he behav d . Very 
Sivel to Me & frendly I show d . him y r . honours Instructions to 
Me his answer was that he had Nothing to Say Butt that he 
thought My going when y e . Indians was all out a hunting Could 
be of Litle Sarvice and that by his Leters y e . Indians had behave d 
[qujiatly for Some Time past yett he Said that [he] blive d . there 
was No Doubt of Truble in y e . [Spr]ing & that he thought My 
going Early in the Spring Might be of Real Service & Desier d . 
[Me] to Write to Cap 1 . Edmonston 1 & Send Some Belts to the 
Diferent Tribes with Mesidges to Inform them that I wold Meet 
them in y e . Spring and this I Shall Do in a Day or two by 
[McKee] who is going up to Take Cair of Some Litle A[ 
& Catle he has there & bring them away I am preswaded M r . 
M c Kee will Do Every thing in [his] power to find out the In- 
tensions of y e . Indians [ ] forward all the Intilegance he Can 
Gett to y [ ] Honor & Me 

Inclos d . I Send you a Leter of all y e Intiligance I have had 
Comunicated to Me by Leters Sence [I] Came hear for y r honors 

I have been Lame for Ten Days past Nott able [to] go out of 
y e - Room Butt am Somewhat beter [ | have partly Setled 

My affairs in this City & hope to be Ready to Take My Lave of 

1 Commandant at Fort Pitt. 


Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 315 

this City [for] Ever in about a fortnight & Return to y e . | 
banks of Ottsago 

M r . M c Kee has found y e . S M— ' [ ] Weomen 

if Ever there was one there & Som[ ] Sent home to be 

Try d . itt Looks well & y e . [ ] a good opinion of itt 

please to present My [ ] to all the famelys & Blive Me 

with the Gr [ ] 

y r . Honors Most Humble [ 

[ ] 

To the Hon ble . SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON Ban 4 . 


M r . Croghans Letter 


L. S. 

Philadelphia Dec' 22 d 1769 
Dear Sir 

Since I came to this place I have had several Letters from Fort 
Pitt D'troit and from several Traders in the Indian Countrys, all 
agreeing that the Indians have Beheaved very Quietly, late in the 
Fall, before they went out a Hunting; but every person who has 
Wrote me Observes, that they have been very constant in private 
Councils and very reserved to thier most Intimate Friends amongst 
the Traders and have been purchasing up Powder & Lead all the 
Fall for their Peltry, and likewise offering thier Horses for 
Amunition which is very uncommon, and I think discovers a 
design of an open rupture in the Spring; they purchase no Goods 
from any of the Traders but Amunition of which they are laying 
./ up great Quantities. 

<*** ' In 1 769 the Manor of Stoke was surveyed for the Proprietaries 

of Pennsylvania at Wyoming comprising 9800 acres. At the same 
time the neighboring Manor of Sunbury was created. The initials in 
this case probably stand for Susquehanna Manor. 

316 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A Party of the Ohio Senicas, Shawanese & Delawares have 
been this Fall at D'troit and had a private Council in the Huron 
Village 1 with the Hurons, Chepawas, Ottawas, & Putiwatimies, 
in which Council they complain'd to these Nations, saying the 
English had made a large purchase of Lands from the Six 
Nations and that the Six Nations had Shamefully taken all the 
Money and Goods to themselves and not Shared any part thereof 
with them tho the most part of the Country which was Sold was 
their Hunting Ground down the Ohio and that by that Sale a 
great Number of their people which have lived on the West & 
East Branches of Susquahannah have been so encroached upon 
by New Settlements that they have no Hunting Grounds left & 
requested of the Hurons to give their people some Lands near 
Quiyahaga to Plant & Hunt [ ] that they would go and 

remove them from the Susquah[anna] this request the Hurons 
Granted & gave them a large Belt [ Wampum, and 

M r M c Kee who is just come down from [ ] Wioming 

& Fort Augusta see the Indians that came f[rom the] Ohio to 
take all the Shawanese and Delawares [ ] the Branches 

of Susquahannah who told him thier Bussiness and he saw above 
Fifty Families set off with them and the rest is to go early in the 

At this Meeting in the Huron Village, the Hurons, Chepawas, 
Ottawas, & Putiwatimies agreed to Confirm a Peace with the 
Cherokees as soon as they Returned from amongst the Six Nations 
which I think must be Detrimental to the Public Interest. 

M r M c Kee says that the Indians he met upon Susquahannah 
from the Ohio spoke of the Six Nations with great disrespect and 
resentment and calls them the Slaves of the White people, that m 
the begining of the late War they ware as humble as Dogs to the 
French & that now they ware the same to the English for what 
they could get, and yet when they came amongst the Western 

1 Situated on the eastern side of the Detroit river, and occupied by the 
Wyandots after 1 747. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 317 

Nations the spoke the Worst they could of them and was always 
breeding Quarrels between their Nations and the English. . 

I am 
Your Honors most Ob*. Hum ble Ser f - 

Geo: Croghan 
[The Hon] b K 
Sir W m . Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: Decb r . 22 d . 1769 

M r . Croghans Letter 

A. L. 5. 
New York 25 th December 1769 


I had the Honour of Writing you the 13 h & 20 h of last Month 
& the 1 3 h Instant, since which have not had the pleasure of hear- 
ing from you, I now take this Opportunity of Transmitting you 
the Generals Warrants of 14 h 15 th & 16 h Instant, with three 
Receipts for Each in your favor for the Sums of £2483-13-9 
£2377 . . 7 . . 9 & £933 .6.3% New York Currency, which came 
to the Office on the 23 d . Instant, Captain Maturin has made an 
Alteration in the Account Annexed to the last, having I believe 
Included a bill in the Possesion of M r Wetherhead for 
£283 .12.2 which as he has shewn your Orders to Jn° Adems on 
that head will be Paid & Charged to your Account, so that you'l 
please sign the Account Annexed to that Warrant before you 
Return it, M r . Mortier had a Slight Touch of the Gout in his 
Right Hand a little before his Arrival which still Continues & 
deprives him of the Pleasure of Writing you himself 

I am with great Regard 


Your most Obedient, and 
most Humble Servant 

W M . Newton 

318 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M r . Mortier desires me to 
present his best Respects to you 
] write you himself soon 
[ ] Johnson Bar*. 

INDORSED: 1 Decb r . 25 th . 1769 
M r . Newtons Letter 
w th . Warrt s . & ca . 

Ans fd . Janry. 4 th . 1 770 
& returned y e . Warrt s . & ca . Signed 


A. L. S. 

N York Dec 25 1769 
Sir William 

A Vessel from Europe in a short passage has anticipated the 
Pacquets arrival the Intelligence she produces is contained in the 
enclosed News paper which I have received by the post I beg 
you to accept my Wishes of a good Christmas and many Happy 
years, and that you will be pleased to present the same from me to 
Sir John, Colonel Guy & Colonel Claus — I am Sir William 

Your most Obed'. & Obliged serv 1 . 

James Rivington 


Sir William Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: [ ] 1769 

M r . Rivingtons Letter 
Ans rd . 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 319 

A. L. S. 1 

Dear Sir NeW york De ° r ' 25 * l769 ' 

Least you Should not have received any News from the Detroit 
I inclose you a Speech transmitted me from thence, which you 
will understand better than I can; but it appears to me in Some 
Measure, to correspond with the Contents of your Letter of the 
8 th Ins*., which I received only two Days ago. And that the 
Ohio and Western Indians, are endeavouring to strengthen their 
Confederacy, the better to oppose the Six Nations and Cherokees, 
who I perceive from your Letter, are Meditating a war against 

It is a Shocking alternative to let these Savages destroy each 
other or by Mediating a Peace turn their Hatchets against our 
own Heads. In Such an Extremity there is no doubt which to 
preferr, but Humanity must make us Regret that our Affairs are 
in Such a Situation. 

I wish it was More in my Power to assist you in your want of 
Provisions, in doing which I would go as far as I could answer 
considering the Orders that have been Sent us. There is Some 
at Albany about 20 Barrells of Pork and perhaps double that 
Quantity of Flour. If you will Send for a Quantity there orders 
will be given accordingly to the Commissary. 

I return your Vouchers and you will please to Sign the Ab- 
stract made out here including Captain Glazier's Account, for 
which a Warrant is granted. 

I wish you the Compliments of the Season, and am with great 

Regard ' Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
Sir W m : Johnson Bar*. humble Servant, 

indorsed: Decb r . 25 lh 1769 Tho s . Gage 

Genr 1 . Gages Letter 
w th . Inclosures — 

In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

320 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Schohary Desember 26 lh 1769 

as I have been at your house about two years ago to purshase 
Some of your wood Land near my Dwellings and as you Said 
you would have the Same wood land laid in lotts at which time 
you promesd me an offer the Same Be laid So into lotts which tink 
you must have for got Should Be glad to your honour if you 
would Be So good and Sell me Some of the Said Land for a 
Reasonable price 

I Remain with Esteem 

your most Obedient 
humble Sirvent 

Cornelius Vroman 
ADDRESSED: to The honourable 
Sir William Johnson 

Johnsons hall 

INDORSED: 1 [ ] Decb r . 26 th 1769 

Corn s . Vroman Esq rs . 

Letter for 
the purchase of Land there. 
Ansr d . 

A. L. S. 

New London 27 th Dec'. 1769 

Nothing Could give me greater Concern that I [have] not the 
Happiness of being with you to day then the [occ]asion which 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 321 

has detained me, that being intirely owing [to] the Indisposition 
of my Poor Little woman who has [suff] ered more than I thought 
it was possible for her to bear [ ] she lay in — several 

times we have almost dispared of her Recovery — last night and 
this morning she seems much Better and the Doct. who attends 
her gives us [ ] hopes that she will grow better Very Fast, 

which [ ] Pray to God may be the Case, as I most Earnestly 

] to have the pleasure of seing you and shall set [ 

the moment she is able to take Care of her self [ ] Expect 

Col°. Fitch here tomorrow in order to Fix upon [ ] day and 

believe about Eight or ten good Farmers [wi]ll set of about the 

same time to treat with you [ ] some Part of the land you have 

to dispose of [ ] the last post I Sent you the Boston papers 

by which [ ] see what temper they still Continue in, and 

shall [ ]y forward those of this week — this Evening 

and | | Refer you to them for news — the Few Members 

Lodge here are just going to dinner when I am 

] and our Brethren in the Neighbourhood of Johnson 

[Hall] be Remember'd. I am with the greatest Respect 

for your health, as well as my best Compliments 

] which hope you will see many Returns of [ 

Your most Obed*. 

& most Hble Serv 1 . 

Jos Chew 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar f . 

Johnson Hall 


[ ] J. G s . letter 

322 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Albany the 28 ih Dec'. 1769 
Hon d Sir 

The bearer hereof is M r . W m . Goddard 1 recommended to me 
by M r . John Cole of Providence as his particular friend & the 
printer & publisher of the Pensylvania Chronicle & who comes 
up here with a View to enlarge his Business & to set up a printing 
office & publish a Weekly paper in this place if he can meet with 
proper Encouragement — he waits on you to communicate this 
his design & to know your sentiments which will determine him in 
his relsoves thereon I wish you the Compliments of the season and 
am Sir your most obedient & very 

Humble Servant 

P Silvester 


The Hon ble 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

indorsed: [ ] 28 th . Dec br . 1769 

M r . Silvesters Letter 

1 William Goddard was born in New London, Conn., in 1 740. In 
1 762 he founded the Providence Gazette, and shortly after obtained an 
interest in the New York Gazette and Postboy. In 1 766 he removed 
to Philadelphia, where the following year he established the Pennsylvania 
Chronicle and Unioersal Advertiser, under the patronage of Joseph Gallo- 
way. In 1 773 he founded the Maryland Journal at Baltimore. Two 
years later he was appointed by Franklin comptroller of the postoffice. 
His last days were passed in Rhode Island. His friendship with Gen- 
eral Charles Lee is noteworthy. He published in the Maryland Journal 
of July 6, 1779 the 25 Queries in which Lee reflected on the military 
character of Washington, the policy pursued by the men in power toward 
Loyalists and the methods of the court-martial by which Lee had been 
tried. Goddard was a legatee under Lee's will and many of Lee's 
papers were left in his charge. See Lee Papers in Collections of the 
New York Historical Society, 1873 and 1874. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 323 

D. 1 

S. W. J. 

Deputies from the 
Senecas, Cayougas, 
Onondagas, Onidas & 
Mohawks — 

Last Year at the meeting we had with You at Fort Stanwix we 
made Over to our Great King & Father a large tract of Country, 
and at the same time the Onidas gave Scano (Col. Bradstreets 
Indian name) a Small piece and pray'd that Our Great King & 
Father would be pleas'd to confirm it to him free of expence that 
that token of our regard for Scano might be of some Value to 

The Onidas have receiv'd a Message from Scano (which we 
lay before you) by which You will See the greatest part of the 
Lands given him is claim'd by some white people under pretence 
they bought it from the Meheconders — This is treating [him] 
with so much injustice that we [ ] not Submit to it, for 

although each [ must] have their different district Still [the 

lands] belong to us all and whatever [ ] is done to one 

Nation we consider [ ] the whole for we are one 

People | known to the White people of this 

| Five Nations put Petticoats on [the Meheconders] 
long ago and that by right [ ] land they had 

belongs to them and that [ ] that power on many 

] that the Meheconders never d [ ] 

But without entering into [ ] the Lands in question 

was [never | by the Meheconders (this the W[ 

know) and they have Assur'd Us [that the] White people at 
Esopus had often [tried] to persuade them those Lands not 
[only] belong'd to them but that they had [sold them] to one 

1 In handwriting of John Bradstreet. 

324 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Hardenbergh ; to which they [say that] they gave for answer 
that it w[as not] true that they had sold them La[nds &] that 
they had no right to sell them [ | belong'd to the Five 

Nations or [Mohawks] and that what they did Sell to Har [den- 
berg] they Shew'd the Bounds with which [ ] Satisfied 
and had heaps of Stones [ ] as marks and 
Trees mark'd to p[revent any] mistakes which they further say 

] be seen at this time. 

Those Lands are given to [Scano] and we will not Suffer them 
[to be taken] from him unless Our Great [King shall Say he 
shall not hav[e them] which we do not think [ ] as 

You have so often told [ ] fail letting him know 

| are on all occasions to [ ] for 

him and are fait [hful ] 

Scano tells Us [ ] he will be oblig'd [ 

given him to h[old ] do so untill he hears 

further [ ] 

We have often seen (and you know [it to] be true) that the 
White people by the [help] of their paper (which we dont 
understand) claim Lands from Us very unjustly and carry them 
off — should this affair be like to turn out So and that Scano 
must be put to expence & trouble about the Lands, We pray our 
Great King & Father will allow us to make it up to Scano in 
another place as it would be dishonourable to Us not to do it and 
permit us to protect our property from the tricks of those White 
people & their paper. 

We now request You will lay this our Complaint & request 
before Our Great King & Father as soon as possible and tell him 
also We pray he will not Suffer his Children the Five Nations to 
be plunder'd & ill us' [d who] during the War spilt so much [of] 
their Blood for him, Shew friendship [to] all his White Chil- 
dren, rob none of them [and on]ly retreat back into the Woods 
[to ma]ke Room for them though very [incon] venient to them. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 325 


A. D. 

[ ] 

[ ] it necessary to acquaint [ 

the Onidas that the principal [part of] the Lands they gave him 
at [Fort] Stanwix last Oct r . is Claim'd by a number [of] 
wealthy People, who say they purchas'd from the Meheconders 
— Scano 1 has been at expence & trouble to find out if those Peo- 
ple have a right to those Lands and is of Opinion from their own 
papers & many other circumstances, they have not; but as they 
are Rich People and seem determin'd to dispute the Matter as 
far as the Laws of the White People will admit, which are very 
expensive & perhaps may not be ended for many years and con- 
siquently would cost Scano more money than the Lands are worth, 
he fears their generious & noble intentions of giving him a mark 
of their friendship will be intirely frustrated and that he will be 
oblig'd to return them the Deed of Gift they gave him — Should 
this happen he assures them he will nevertheless [con]sider him- 
self under the greatest [obligation to them and that the proofs 
] the approbation of his Conduct [ ] 

War is very pleasing and [ ] greatfully remember'd 

by him. ] not fail letting his Brothers [ 

affair is likely to end, and they [ ] do nothing 

to prejudice their [ ] them. 


them that the greatest 
part of the Lands 
they give him is 
claim'd by White 
People & c . & c . 

1 Indian name of Colonel Bradstreet. 

326 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

[Jan. 2, 1770] 1 
Sir William Johnson 

To Crownidge Kinkead 


26 To Boarding &c Your Serv': Timoty 

2 weeks & ]/ 2 @ 8/ 1 ::0::0 

[ ] 22 To D°. Negro Charles 10 weeks /@8 4::0::0 

Errors Excepted £5 : :0 : :0 

Johnson Hall Janr*. 2 d . 1 770, then 

Rec d . of Sir W Johnson Bar 1 , the above Sum 
In f u ll 

Phi l : Cromwell 
for Crownidge Kinkead 


I ] 

Crownidge Kinkades Ace* 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 441, is entered a letter of January 5th, 
1 770, to Lieutenant Governor Colden, concerning irregularities in the 
commissions for Colonel Ranslaer's regiment at Claverack, the neglect 
of Kenderhook in appointing officers, Colonel Schuyler's officiousness and 
ignorance, a more equitable organization of the militia, Captain Hoge- 
boom's claim to consideration, a disciplinary order required by the colonels 
of Johnson's brigade and commissions for Peter B. Vroman, Roseboom 
and Augustine Prevost (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:962-64; Q, 

1 Date supplied from Johnson Calendar. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 327 

Df. 1 

Jan* 5*. 1770. 

I have had the favor of your Letter inclosing a Pennsylvania 
Paper for which I thank you, I don't find it contains much more 
than were in the other prints, nor is there reason to Expect Much 
Material News for some little time, The parliament having such 
a Variety of Affairs upon hands — I find we are likely to have 
Some Work of a domestic Nature within the Colony Especially 
if the Gentry below, persist in dictating to the Assembly, In short 
this seems to be the era of disputes every where, I wish they may 
soon be terminated for the Common Interest of Mankind. 

I am really Much obliged to you for your usefull Correspond- 
ence and the many pieces of Intelligence you are So kind as to 
send me from time to time, which altho' I cannot be always 
punctual in Acknowledging afford me so much entertainment, that 
I shall always wish a Continuance of it being with Esteem 

Sir John Cols Claus & Johnson 
thank you for your remembrance 
& desire their best Compliments. 


Letter to M r ] 


Johnson hall Jan* 5 th . 1770 
[Dear] Sir, 

I have had the favor of your Letter of the 25 th ult°. with the 
Inclosure a Duplicate of which came to my hands some time ago 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

328 Sir William Johnson Papers 

from Capt Turnbull as to its Subject it differs much from that de- 
livered by the Cherokees at Onondaga and here, but as part of 
the Cherokees staid behind I imagine they have been temporizing 
with the Shawanese till the sense of the 6 Nations was obtained, 
for here their desire is for a Union & War with the Wabash and 
others I am sensible that we are reduced to an Alternative that 
ought to be shocking to humanity, Yet Still the Situation of our 
Affairs seems to require us to Acquiesce with it as the least dis- 
agreable of the Two But what contributes not a little to embarrass 
me at present is That should [I Re] fuse to Call them Together 
The Consequences may be very bad indeed, and if I am to Meet 
them, the Expences attending it will far exceed, any sum I can 
allot out of the Scanty Allowance for the Expences of the De- 
partment. This is a particular, Unforeseen & unavoidable Event 
which the Government should consider as what cannot happen in 
the Ordinary Course of things again and therefore I should be 
well advised before I comply with their desire whether the Charge 
will be defrayed by the Crown or not and the Indians wait with 
Impatience for my Answer which I cannot give them 'till I am 
favored with your farther advice [&] Directions on this Subject 
& thus circumstanced I hope you will [ ] additional trouble 

I give you which I am compelled to do from [ ] Nature & 

Importance of the Subject — 

[I] have signed and Transmitted the Necessary papers to M r 
Mortier [ ] Transmit Capt Claus's Accot, which from 

my Mistaken [ | I was to draw the Whole Allowance 

of the Department in [ ] was hitherto Neglected to 

be forwarded, and I hope you will [ ] Error of 

mine — 

] Compliments of the Season being with 

[ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 329 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall Jan» 5 ih . 1770 

Your Letter of the 1 6th ult°. I received the other day, as also 
that from N York sometime before with a Copy of the Military 
Register and I am obliged to you for the pains you have taken to 
enquire into & inform me of the manner in which Militia Affairs 
have been conducted in your Neighbourhood which at the same 
time gives me Concern from the Good Wishes I entertain for the 
Inhabitants whose situation I have seriously considered, and shall 
Chearfully contribute all in my power for their redress with that 
View as I before did to S r . H Moore I have again Stated these 
Matters in as Strong a Light as I co d . to the L' Governor, with my 
sentiments at Large, and I dare say such Notice will be taken of 
it as may in some Measure restore tranquillity to that part of the 
Country, which I shall Continue to promote as far as is in my 

To Elucidate this Matter and enable me to Set it in a Still 
plainer Light, I should be glad to have a full State of the Regim 1 . 
describing the Extent of its bounds as it is understood there, with 
the Names, Residences &ca of the Officers, and if it can be pro- 
cured the strength of the Militia from the late Patroons Mannor 2 
to Livingstons — I think the best Way to do his would be to send 
me A Map or Sketch, & marking on it the Names & places of 
Abode of the Officers with such Notes as you May think proper, 
which will enable me to be much More particular than I can be at 
present, and to do more material service in the business. 

I am much obliged to the Inhabitants of your Township for 
the regard they have always Expressed for me and in return As- 
sure you of my Attention to their Interests, and my sincere In- 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Stephen Van Rensselaer, the seventh Patroon, born at Rensselaers- 
wyck in 1742, died at Watervliet, October 19, 1 769. 

330 Sir William Johnson Papers 

clination [ ] times to promote their Tranquillity & Well- 

fare — 

I am Sorry you have been hitherto disappointed of Coming this 
Way | | ever you can come, I shall be glad to See you 


as 1 am 

Your hearty Well Wisher & Very humble Serv 

A. L. S. 

[Dublin, Jan*. 5, 1770] 

| will I hope pardon this Troble when he finds 
| the aflickson of a disconsolate moder for an only 
son who j | to your kare and I must now take the liberty 

of begng of | is he liveing or dead I wil not trobel you 

with a long detailed [ ] ocasoned by that vilan hogane 

nor wod I troble you now but that [ ] darlings leter you 

wod be so kind as to leat me no dos my son live or is he [ 
your genaral caracter of relive in the distreses of Every endevedel 
that ]t you wil now give me the comfort to no dos 

he live and for get us all [ ] you was to no what a por 

famely consisting of six daughters and one son [ ] with 

you was brough to by hogane I am sure you wod make that boy 

] care he cud apli himselfe to Endustri in hops 
he wod be in som [ ] helpe us for his going to you was 

all the hops me or my por famely had [ ] dead my god 

be pras for my soror is never to Eand for I asure you my famely 

but for the goodnes of your Broder John and sure 
tho he is always doing [ ]t last be lived soporting so 

large a fameley as mine you will be surprisd [ ] It is 

your wordy broder that is our chife soporte as you mite Imagine 

had for our selfs but we ware deprive of Every 
means an Every | ] world was sold by auction 

and my por husbant put into Jale and [ ] for the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 331 

space of one yeare for hogans cleats and my por six girls and 
without a bead to li on we receave a great mane 
frenships from your [ ] and I believe I may ventuer to 

say If It was possible our situation gave [ ] troble as It 

did our selfs but unfortunatly for us por m rs hogan dide [ 
somethinge to begin the world wite we had nothing then leaffe 
but your broder John whos daley care was to get 

m r grace bisnes and to Employ [ Jllmaster so that I 

may say under his protection I [ ] my por famely [ 

]ble hope when he recomended my son under your pro- 
tection and altho [ ] was to cal to heaven to protect 
your famelyes who proceted [ ] sir wilam my soros 
begins anue I had one son and he dide work [ ] al 
I had leafte is gon I belive or Else he for geats me for he is 
]d but once or twice from him o sir wilam If he 
liafs tel him that [ ]gri with him and a las is very 
angry with me and I feare shall [ ] but a bead to li 
on for he as a large famely to do for and he nose I [ 
go to send him like a gentel man a braud with his money and he 
not able to pay It and he sase I must for as my 
sone who[ ] geats his famely whi shud not 
he o sir wilam I agen beg of you [ ] boy to thinke of 
his por sisters and he nos the [ ] that Is [ J 
ane Encombrance but that the have nothing to be industri [ 

]de what he Cant to seporte them until the got 
bisnes and ] hope a wife but If he be dead 

and that Is not in his power [ ] famely 

and for charity sake let me have the honer [ ] dis- 

tracted and can have no pace but 

to subscribe my self your most obedient 

[ ] 

332 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Extract 1 

(N° 39) 

My Lord New York January 6 th . 1770 

Your Lordship will have observed in some of my Letters, that 
our Indian Affairs in the Northern District were in a precarious 
Situation. The Congress at Onandago, between the Six Nations 
and the Cherokees is over, and your Lordship will be informed of 
the Result of it, in the Copy of a Letter to me from Sir William 
Johnson, which is sent herewith We appear to be thrown into the 
disagreeable Alternative, either to permit the Indians, or perhaps 
encourage them, to go to war with each other, or by uniting them, 
to endanger our own Tranquility, and turn their Arms against 
ourselves. Some of the Nations threatened by this Confederacy, 
seem to have been acquainted with their Danger, and to have been 
preparing against it ; for we were informed some Months ago, that 
the Western Indians had confederated, and two Chiefs of the 
Shawnese, were at the Detroit the End of September, where in a 
publick Speech to the Indians of the Lakes, they beged for Peace 
with the Nations of the Ouabache, and introduced the Cession of 
Lands made to the English by the Six Nations. As far as I can 
understand these Affairs, the Cession above mentioned, is the 
Cause of all the Commotions that have lately happened, among 
the Indians. Great part of the Lands ceded, were claimed by 
the Six Nations by Right of Antient Conquest, and tho' the 
Tribes who resided near them, admitted the Right, they felt no 
Inconvenience from it, further than being forced to acknowledge 
a Superiority in the Six Nations. But now that the Six Nations 
have sold the Lands, as Lords of the Soil, kept all the Presents 
and Money arising from the Sale, to their own use, and that the 
white People are expected in Consequence of it, to Settle on their 
hunting Grounds ; these dependent Indians, are exasperated to a 
great Degree. The Cherokees have engaged from the strong 
Desire of cultivating the Friendship of the Northern Indians, and 
to Secure Allies against their Enemies on the Ouabache and other 
Nations, with whom they have been long at war. 

x In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.88, p. 51, London, England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 333 


A. L. S. 

New York the 6 th January 1770 

I a few days ago received a large English Cheese from M r 
Ashton Blackburn which he desired Should be Sent to you as 
Soon as possible as he found you in want of Such Cheese when 
he had the pleasure of being at your House and he hopes that 
you will accept of it as a small return for the many Civilitys shoun 
him by you. he said a great deal more very pritty things but have 
forgot them, however I remember they were all in praise of you. 
the question is what way shall the Cheese be sent there is not one 
grain of Snow near this Town nor there has not been any this 
winter if there Should come good Sleding I shall Send it you by 
the Albany Post it is Still in the Same package it came in from 
England, and Shall remain So untill you or your Orders unpack 
it at least I hope it will, Send me what orders or directions about 
it or any thing else you please And they Shall be punctually 

The Sons of liberty have been Assembling here Several times; 
There first assembly was to prevent there representatives from 
granting £2000 for the use of the Troops, but they did not Suc- 
ceed as I believe the money will be voted for by the House, 1 they 
passed a bill for making paper Money to the Amount of £20,000 2 
which is to be issued the 1 th of June next, I am informed that 
by private letters from home the present Lt. Governor will have 
the management of this Province during his life and that his 
Majesty should have Said that so old and loyal a subject deserved 
that, if not a better reward for his good Services. 

1 The act received the assent of Lieutenant Governor Colden on 
January 5th. 

2 Bills of credit to the amount of £120,000. See Colden to Hills- 
borough, January 6, 1770, in Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:199- 

334 Sir William Johnson Papers 

There is now two very strong partys in this Town one for electing 
the members of the House or Assembly by Ballot, the other for 
continuing the old Method, which of them will carry the point is 
not known, but both partys are very Sanguin, as to my part I 
would not give one Copper to deside it, nor do I care one farthing 
which way it may be determined, or what side wins the battle, 
let the Affair be desided as they please, they can never prevent 
bribery and Corruption in elections, if they can, they can do more 
than their Mother Country ever could. 

There are Some Madeirs Merchants here in Town who desire 
[me] to acquaint you that they will Serve you, and all the 
Family [ ] whom you Chuse to recommend, with the 

best of wines at [ ] most reasonable rates ; they are to Send 

you a quarter Cask in [ ] present by way of a sample, 

which I advis'd to do by all [ ] but that a hogshead 

would do better however there's a Com[ gone to 

Madeira to Send as good a quarter Cask as can be | 
and if you like it you are to have the same sort at a Mod[erate] 
price and in as great quantity as you chuse to Commission. St 
John Made but an indifferent figure here and the expences of 
visiting and geting in sight is so high in this place that I can't 
afford it and consequently will return to your lodge more rusty 
than ever. 

M rs . MacLeod Joins me in Sincerely wishing you the Compli- 
ments of the Season and Many returns of it to you is the hearty 
wish of 


Your much obliged 
And Most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

Nor d . Mac Leod 
INDORSED: N York 6 th . Janr>\ 1770 
Cap 1 . M c . Leods letter 
Ans rd . y e . 19 ,h . fully 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 335 

A. D. S. 

NYork&KJan'K 1770 


Please to pay Sir William Johnson, or his Order the Sum of 
Thirty Pounds Sterlin, Value Receiv'd 

W M Andrews 

£30 Sterling 

To M R . Collin Andrews, Merch 1 . 


INDORSED: 1 M r . W m . Andrews Draft 
on M r . Collin Andrews for 
£ 30 Sterk 

A. L. S. 

Philadelphia Jan. 9 lh . 1770 
Dear Sir 

Inclosd I send you at M r Croghans desire a Copy of the 
Draught of Montours Reserve 2 which by the best Information I 
can get is made agreeable to the Location. The matter has not 
been carried thro' quite clear of difficulties But, however, they are 
now at an End and the Survey is returned as you may perceive 
by the Copy of the Draught M r Croghan told me of offers made 
you for the Land which has put the purchase in great Measure 
out of My thoughts By whom they were made I know not, nor 
is it material if they give more than I incline to do. I would only 
observe that if any person was aiming at it who knew of my pre- 
tensions I would contend with them and give up to what might 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 See Tilghman to Johnson, January 22, 1 769. 

336 Sir William Johnson Papers 

be thought the present full value I will frankly own that my 
view in desireing to purchase was to make a moderate Profit of it 
And I thought 20 £ ^ 100 a . besides paying [the] Propry and 
the Expences was as far as I could go to [make] any thing worth 
the trouble of purchaseing and trans [feri?]ng a Subsequent Sale. 
M r Crogan thought that would [ ] do But requested I would 

write to you to know the lowest [ | take consistent with 

your trust And desired also That I would send you a form proper 
to transfer the Location to the purchaser which I now inclose If 
it fall not to my share it will do for another purchaser. You are 
sensible I made my first Overtures upon principles of Honor and 
Justice from which I would not depart by desireing you to deviate 
in the least from the line of your trust, if I could think you would 
do it in My favour which however I am sure you would not If 
youl be pleasd in one word to say what you think you can have 
for the place I will at once determine about the matter It is more 
than probable it will be more than I shall incline to give Nor 
should I have given you any further trouble upon the Subject had 
not M r Croghan desired it Be it as it may, I shall always have a 
proper Sense of the favour done Me in giveing me the Refusal 
which was all I at first apply d for I wish you many happy years 
as I do S r John and Col° Guy (to whom please to present my 
compliments) and Am 

Y r Most hble & 

Most Obedient Servant 

James Tilghman 
INDORSED: 1 Janry. 9 th . 1770 

Mr Tilghmans letter 
w*. a Draft of Montours 
Land. rec d . it y e 5 th of 
March 1 770 

In Johnson's hand. 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 337 

A. L. S. 

Hon»" Sir/ A lhan ^ 9lh J arf * 7 770 

I have sent you by M r Roberts 2 Green Ruggs which Cost me 
56/ Each, as for good Chairs there is none Ready made in this 
pleace, but there is a man in town that make midling good ones, 
at 8/ =t$ if you think proper I shall get them made, this youl 
please let me know <P first Oppertunity & oblige your 

Humble serv 1 

Thos Shipboy 
indorsed: 1 Alby. Jam-y. 9 th . 1770 
M r . Shipboys letter 


A. L. S. 

[HONORA] BLE SlR Sc ° We ^ **"»"*. ] ™ 

I think it incumbant upon me (without [char]ging myself be- 
ing Officious) to let you understand what [has] passed here since 
my return Yesterday being at Tho s . Ackerson [he] began to 
tell me some of his discourse with you — particularly [ 
your desiring him to send his Ace 1 . & you would look it over, — 
]hat do you think I shall take about £40 for so much 
land, [ ] when I have a good chance to get it — further 

when you [ ] looked Over his certificate you remain'd 

Silant, Which Certificate (he says) he shewed to Old Bleeker 

(the greatest Blunder in the County) at this place, who told 
him he could get the land. — I Asked to see the Certificate, which 
he Immediately produced, & I hope you have discover'd the true 
Contents Otherwise you would not (as he says) remain'd Silant 
— for the first part thereof setts forth the particular Surveys, but 
when you come Where the land is Order'd to be granted to him 
& his Brother, it gives Only Two Tracts [ ] Mentions them, 

In Johnson's hand. 

338 Sir William Johnson Papers 

One in the Tract of Lawyer & his Associates which I shewed 
you, & One Hundred Acres Northside [ ] Stoney Creek — 
Therefore that Certificate he produced [ Jon, & the 

Patent given him, I have seen, & they both [corres]pond Exactly, 
Inclosed is a Skech of the land [gran] ted him by both Certificate 
& Patent, certainly [Sir W m .] has read no farther than the first 
part of the [certificate & did not read the last part where the 
land is [ ] to them, otherwise (as he says) you would 

not [have remain' ]d Silant, believe me the Vroman's bought 
] the 100 Acres you 'I see Mark'd N. side Stoney 
[Creek ] tells Adam & Sam 1 . Vroman they shall have it 

I am Hble Sir 

Yours Respectfully 
James Collins 


The Honourable Sir Will m . Johnson 
Barnt & c 

Johnson Hall 
INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

Ja s . Collins letter 
Ans rd . 19 th . Ins 1 . 


A. D. S. 

Caugoa Jan* 10 1770 

] Honourable Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
Please to Let the Bearar Adam Staring have the Sum of Twenty 
Pounds York Currancy the Same please to Charge to the Ac- 
comp'. of Sir Your Ever Devovted Honours most Hum le : Serv'. 

John Johnston 

INDORSED: 1 Paid to Staring 

£20 in presence 
of M r . Adems, and 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


A. D. S. 

[Johnson Hall, January II, 1770] 

S r W m Johnson Bar 1 Deb r . to James Bennett For Work Done at 
Johnstown the hall and Fort & c 

£ S 
For my Self and one man 
forty eight weeks one Day at 8 s ^ 
For three men Sixty Seven 
weeks at 7 s 3$ 

Paid for wood scrues 8 

for 1000 of Brads at 8 d 
for 200 d° 
for 500 D° 

Rec d . in Cash 

Deducted for Board at the fort 

Johnson Hall Janry. 11 th . 1770 
Rec d of Sir W Johnson Bar 1 
] Sum in full 

INDORSED: Ace 1 . [ 

£257.. 9..- 

47.. 8 


115 12 

140 14 






£ 257 





£ 47 


£ 210 


James Bennett 

£210. .1 paid — 
as & Recp 1 . — 

340 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 

Schenectady 12 th January 1770 

Some time ago we troubled M r . Adams with [ ] Note 

of William Johnstons, and our draft on [Adams for £] 16:1 :6 
which we understand you have been so [ ]e for us; 

when its convenient for you to give [ ] for the above & 

a Ballance of £67:6:1 on [Capt M c .] Leods Bill $ £467:6:1 
it will do us a [ ] service. 

When M r . Adems retum'd from N: Y: last fall we sent [De] 
Coagnies Draft on you & £1 68: 1 1/ & will [ ] to know 

if you can accept the same as we [ ] M c . Leods Acco ts . 

to settle & transmitt. ] winter we told you of a draft 

we hold on you [ ]e for £240 which you was kind 

enough [sec] ure us in, if in your power, we just take the [ 

] you of this draft as it our chief dependence [ ] h 

short of £2000 

We have a Demand on the Quarter Master Gen [ 
for a Considerable sum which has been a [ ] ever since 

1 764 and as all our applications [ ] meets only with 

triffling offsetts we are [ ] to Memorial Gen 1 . Gage, 

& as there is [certificates from Colo 1 Buttler and the Com[mis- 
sary] in the Indian Deparment amongest them [for trans] porta- 
tion over the Carrying places, as well [as a certificate to Quin 
for a Battoe in 1 764 [ ] Pass from J Glen to the 

Crewes of three Battoes [ ] Niag a shall be glad 

to know if you h[ave objec]tion to our including them in that 
| to lay before his Excellency the Com[mander 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


in chief] excuse our giving you the trouble of [ 


we have the honor to be with mu [ 


Your most Obed 1 & [ 




To the Honb e Sir W M JOHNSON Bar 1 . 

INDORSED: 1 [ ] 


Ans rd 22 d . Ins*. 

D. S. 


i. 13, 


Sir William Johnson 


To Rudolph Koch 


1 768 March 1 5 th To make a hoe 


8 - 

To d°. one ax 

5 - 

To lay on a hoe 

4 - 

To d°. an Ax 

2 6 

To d°. two Axes a 


3 6 

To make a hoe of y r . 


2 6 

1 7 th To lay on three axes 

a 3/ 

9 - 

To d°. 3 axes 

a 2/ 

6 - 

To d°. 2 d°. 

a 1/6 

3 - 

1 8 th To d°. 2 big ones 

a 3/ 

6 - 

To d°. 2 Small d°. 

a 2/6 

5 - 

To make 2 fish spears 

a 3/ 

6 - 

To upset a Broadax 

1 - 

To lay on 2 axes 

a 2/ 

4 - 

to d°. a pipeax 

2 6 

To d°. 2 axes 

a 2/ 

4 - 

to upset 3 d°. 

a 6 d 

1 6 

In Johnson's hand. 

342 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To lay on a hoe 

To d°. an ax 
23 d To make a fish Spear 

to d°. 2 hoes a 6/ 

To d°. a fish Spear 

To d°. 3 d°. a 3/ 

To d°. 3 hoes a 6/6 

To d°. an ax 

To lay on an Ax 
28 h To make 6 axes as p r . order of 
Hend k . Markillj". a 4/ 

To d°. 2 fish Spears a 3/ 

To lay on 3 axes 1/6 

To d°. 4 d°. a 2/ 

To make one ax 

[make one] hoe 
Brought over 
1 768 March 30 th To make 2 axes a 6/&4/ 

To lay on 4 d°. a 2/ 

To make an Ear to an ax & upset 

To upset one ax 

To make 2 hoes a 8/ 

To d°. 1 fish Spear 
April 1 st To mend an ax 

To make 1 d°. 

To lay on 1 d°. 

To 1 [ ] to Phillip Pilet from 

Hannis Bear 1 

£ 15 11 6 
Jam*. 13 th . 1 770 then Rec d . 
of Sir W Johnson Bar', the above Sum in full 1 

Gaspar Kock 

4 - 

1 6 

3 - 

12 - 

4 - 

9 - 

19 6 

4 - 

2 - 


4 - 

6 - 

4 6 

8 - 

4 - 

8 - 


10 - 

8 - 


1 6 

i — 
16 - 

1 - 

1 - 

4 - 

2 - 

£ 11 

11 6 


— — 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 343 

The Honourable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 . 

To Rudolphus Cook D r 

June 17 th . To 50 Weeding Hoes 7/ £17 10 - 

1769 To 41 Axes 4/ 8 4- 

Errors & omissions excepted £25 14 

Jam-y. 13*. 1770 

Rec d . on Ace*, of my Brother the above Sum in full — 1 

Gaspar Kock 

INDORSED: Rudolph Koughs Acct 

for Iron Work £25..14..- x 


A. L. S. 1 

NewYorkJarfK 14 l K 1770. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your's of the 5 th . Ins 1 :, with an Account of 
the Expenditures that were made in Canada before the New 
Regulations took Place, which will be settled in the Manner the 
other Accounts have been. 

With Regard to the Extraordinary Expences which you Set 
forth must be incurred at this Juncture beyond what the Allow- 
ance fixed for your Department will enable you to defray, it ap- 
pears to me that it will be the most regular and proper Method to 
state the Case to the King's Ministers, and to desire that Orders 
May be transmitted to Supply you with the Sums requisite on this 
extraordinary occasion. And I apprehend there will be time for 
Orders to be Sent, before there will be any absolute Necessity 
to pay the Expences that will be incurred. This Method is the 
most agreeable to the Forms laid down, when any extraordinary 
Demands for the Service are required, and I can't devise a better. 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

344 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I inclose you a Letter for a Huron at Detroit, from his uncle, 
I think, in Canada. Governor Carleton transmitted it to me, and 
you will be so good to forward it, when you have an Opportunity 
Perhaps it may be proper to peruse the Contents, tho' it's said 
to be only on Family Business. 

I am with great Regard 
Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 
S R : W M : Johnson Bar 1 : 

INDORSED: New York 14 th . Jam-y. 1770 

Genr 1 . Gages letter 
w th . an Inclosure 


[New] York [15<K J an^] 1770 
Sir William 

I should have acknowledg'd the receipt of your obliging Letter 
dated the 30 th of last Month, but the same did not come to my 
hand until after the Post was gone however I immediatly gave 
orders for Mr Wallace's being Supply'd w* £545 .4.4 Sterling, 
as you desired, which I have charg'd your account current with. 

I am much oblig'd to you Sir and render you my best thanks 
for your congratulation on my return from England, I had fine 
and pleasant Passages thither, & back, and found the Lands there 
in all their Glory, they had not had so fine a Summer there, these 
Seven years but this brought all their fruit to perfection, & there 
was no doubt of their having a plentifull Harvest notwithstanding 
which, there are great Tumults & Opposition in most of the Coun- 
ties, as you must have seen by the Papers, God send it may all 

Pod-War Period, J 763-1 774 345 

End [w]ell. I beg my best Compliments to Sir John, your Son, 
& remain with a Perfect [es]teem 


Your most obedient 

and most Humble Servant 


[S R . Willi] am Johnson Bar 1 . 

P. S. I am just now favourd with Your letter of 4 th inst and have 

receiv'd the three Warrants & Receipts you mention to have 

receiv'd (from M r Newton) signed by you. Your Drafts on me 

shall always meet with due & punctual honour, when a few days 

delay happens in paying your bills it is owing to y e [agents] of 

the Contractors not being able to supply me therewith, from whom 

only my Resource for payment of Extrary's come, I am oblig'd 

to you for your Enquiry After my health, I have the pleasure to 

have got rid of the Gout. T • L . D 

1 am with great Kespect 

Yours as before 

Ab m . Mortier 

INDORSED: New York Janry. 15 th . 1770 

Abraham Mortier Esq". 



Dear Sir Albany ,&K Jan '- !77 ° 

I was favourd with yours of the 10 th . Ins*. ^ John Looney 

and accordingly gave him an Order to get the Leather, which he 

did of one Jn°. Ristine, quantity 1 78 n and a half, at 1 /5 d . 

£12.14.3 - 

I shall always be happy, whenever I have it in my Power to 

execute any Commands from you, as none will be more ready to 

serve you than o- 

Y r . Most Obed*. Serv'. 

Sam l . Stringer 

346 Sir William Johnson Papers 

P. S. It is so extremely 
Cold that my Ink freezes 
in the pen, near the fire, 
as I write — 

The Honb Ie . 

Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 
Johnson Hall 
INDORSED : * Doctor Stringer 

W*. anacct. £12.. 14 [:3] 
Paid by M r . Henry 

D. S. 

January 16, 1770 
[Sir] William Johnson Bar*. 

To John Petry D r 
[ ] 

To Riding 16 Loads at the Little 

falls Coming & Going to the Senecas 

July ft Bu d . B Wemp 4 Loads 3/ . 1 2 . . 

ft Lewis Clement 4 d°. 3/ . 1 2 . . 

ft Sundy. People on their * , 1? 

Return for Riding 4 Loads J 

3/ £ 2.. 8 

£ 4..4..0 
Janry. 16 th . 1770 Rec d . of Sir W Johnson Bar 1 , 
the above Sum in full of this Ace 1 . 2 

John pedry 
INDORSED:" Joh s . Petrys Ace 1 , for 

riding over y e . little Falls 
£4. .4. .-paid 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 Receipt in Johnson's hand. 

3 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 347 

D. S. 

Albany 1 6 ih JarP. 1770 
The Hon ble . Sir W m . Johnson 

Bought of Rob*. Henry 
1 Dozen Dishes £2 8 

7 doz. Plates 8/ 2 16 

Cask and Cooprage 

To an Ace*, of Sund s . in 1 767 as W D° l 










8i/ 2 

Janr^ 23 d . 1 770 then Rec d . of 
Sir W Johnson Bar 1 , the Above 
Sum in full 1 

Rob t . Henry 


In the Public Record Office 2 is a draft of a circular from the Earl of 
Hillsborough to various Governors, to Sir William Johnson, No. 12, and 
to Mr Stuart, No. 1 3, January 1 8, 1 770, sending the King's speech to his 
Parliament and also announcing that the Great Seal has been taken from 
Lord Camden and given to Charles Yorke. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 C. O. 5.71. p. 9, also C. O. 5.241. fo. 247, London, England. 

348 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 1 

Onohokwage 22 d ]ari> 1770 
Brother — 

We now Speak to you, and we Speak as in your presence, even 
face to face, and we pray you to hear us — Ever Since you 
cleared the Roads, Paths, and Rivers to where your Brethren 
make their Smoaks; we thought every thing was Settled in a 
proper and amiable manner. But it Seems their is one thing 
which now demands our notice and attention. Brother, we hear 
you will not take any further care of Indian affairs, and especially 
of the affairs of Trade — We are now met in Council, and the 
reason is because the road to us Seems to be Shut up, as to Trade, 
no Traders are permitted to us — It always gave us great pleasure 
when our Brethren, (The Whites) came to See us, and when we 
heard of Canoes of Goods coming down the river — Bro r , we 
lately Saw a Canoe coming down the River, which at first Sight 
much comforted our Hearts ; but when we came to look into it we 
Saw nothing but a heap of Caggs and Barrels filled with Rhum, 
which at once made us tremble. Their are Some among us So 
disorderly by reason of Rhum that we are unable to keep them in 
any Regulation — You know that of a long time we very much 
dislike the appearance of Rhum in this Town — Rhum is trouble- 
some thing, tis master of us, and in every respect bad — Brother, 
Speaking as in your presence ; One thing more in an especial man- 
ner we very much dislike, viz, Indians coming and trading among 
us. When we had White Traters, Goods Seemed be Something 
reasonable and right; but Indians devour us, they extort from us 
every thing we get with great pain and Labour in the Woods, 
for little or nothing — Indians Seem to be destitute of the fear of 
God ; if we desire them to be reasonable in their demand, it has 
no impression upon them Therefore we desire, if any Indians 
apply for Liberty, that you would forbid them — We expect you 

1 In New York State Library. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 349 

will answer us, that there by we may be Strengthened to oppose 
Indian Traders — 

With Compliments to you, we are Yours &c 




.~™r-™™ t Peter &ca 

addressed : 1 o 

The Hon ble , S r , Will™, Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Oghquago 22 d . Jan r y. 1770 

Letter from y e . Sachims 

concern^. Trade — 


D. S. 

Albany 11 th April 1767 and January 23 d . 1770 

The Hon ble . Sir W m . Johnson ^ D , „ _ 

J To Robert Henry D r . 

To 2|/4 yards blue Cloth 

a 22/ 




24 yard Scarlet D° 




2 yards scarlet Ratinet 



4 yards blue Shalloon 



2 Scarlet Breeches Patrons 





2 pair knee garters 



4^4 yards white fusting 




4 Sticks Twist 



4 Ounces thread 

6 d 


Vl yard Buckram 




1 yard Oznaburgs 



3 dozen Large Buttons 



3^/2 dozen small D° 





John Freil 



[January] 23 d 1 770 Rec d y e . Contents 

[ ] 


Acc ,s . paid 

£14. .10. Wi 

350 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. D. S. 

January 24, 1770 

Memorandum of work, Done since your Hon 5 . Arrival 


To mending of a Slayn 0—18-0 

To making 2 New Axes 1 — 0-0 

To making 2 Iron Wedges 0-12—0 

To shoeing 1 pair of Horses 0-18-0 

To laying of 3 Axes 0— 9—0 

To mending 2 Axes 0— 2—0 

To 1 New Plough-Sheer 3- 0-0 

To 1 Spindle, for the Plough-wheels 0—18—0 

To 2 New Plates for the Plough. d°, 0-12-0 

To mending the spindle for y e Mill 0-16-0 

To 1 dozen of Saw-pins 0— 1-6 

To mending of a spindle, [for greece-Mill] 0-12-0 

To 1 screw key for Bed-pins 0- 1-6 

To 1 Iron Hoop to a pot 0— 2-6 

To Hooping 2 Pails 0-12-0 

To mending 2 Adds 0- 4-0 

To an foot, for a Poot 0- 1-6 

To 12 Holdfasts 0-16-0 

To Shoeing 1 p r . of coach Horses. . 0-18-0 

To mending a Plough Sheer 0— 3-0 

To Laying of 2 Axes 0— 6—0 

To shoeing 1 p r . of Horses d°, 0— 5-0 

To 3 p r of Large Hooks & Hings 1- 4-0 

[To] 5 p'. d° small 1-10-0 

[To la]ying of 4 Axes 0-12-0 

[To me] nding of 2 Axes 0— 2—0 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 351 

January 24 th . 1 770, Received of [ ] Bar', the Sum 

of Seventy Nine pounds Se[ ] being in full of the within 

Accounts also [ ] Accounts to this Instant as Witness 

my hand 

Wellem Bowen 


INDORSED: 1 W m . Bowins Acc ts . for 
Smiths Work £7 1 . . 2 
Delivered in March 
24 th . 1 769 - 
paid £71.2 — 


New York the 24* Jan r » 1769 [1770] 

[ ] last Post Sent you the Cheese that M r . Black- 

burn | | Send you I hope you have receiv'd it in good 

Order | ] the Divil to pay between the Soldiers and the 

[Sons of] L. . . .ness the latter had one man kill'd and severals 
former had three wounded, the occasion of the riot 
| the Soldiers posted up Some of the enclos'd papers, 
in to an infamous paper published against them 

called | the Soldiers were laid hold of, ill used, and 

brought before [the Mayor] for puting up those papers, upon 
which other Soldiers [ ] the Barrack and the riot com- 

menced on f riday 2 last [ ae Saturdy 1 4 — or 1 5 Soldiers 

fought the whole rabble of [ ] I believe would have 

drove them over the docks had not [ ] prevented them, 

there was this day a sort of peace [ ] Mayor how long 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 January 19, 1770. 

352 Sir William Johnson Papers 

it may last god knows M r . Croghan [ ] Frankland ar- 

rived here three days ago. 

] Joins me in most respectfull Comp ls to you 

[ ] 

I am 

Your Most Obedient and 
Most Humble Ser 1 

Nor d Mac Leod 



January 27, 1770 
An Act for naturalizing Frederick Koose, John Stone, God- 
frid Shoe, John Karne, Hannis Albrant, Hannis Alt, Han 
Ury Creitz, Jacob Seber, Augustus Eikler, Conradt Smith., 
John Everhart Coghnot, George Eker Hannis Hartel, John 
Brader, Philip Pilet, George Rupert, George Sharpe, 
Hendrick Hann, John Seabalt, Nicholas Bradhour, George 
Bronce, George Shink, Jacob Becker, John Farlinger, 
George Binder, Frederick Waggoner, Mathias Kough, 
Adam Garlogh, Peter Young, Peter Gronce, Peter Foster, 
George Flunean, Simon Shreider, John Frederick Tolle, 
John Marchel, Konrat Louwer, William Petrie, James 
Colon, George Colon, Jonas Colon, Elizabeth Allen, 
Samuel Isaacs, & Peter Surget 

Passed the 27 th . January 1 770 
[Whereas] the above named persons, have by their several peti- 
tions presented [to the gen]eral assembly, desired they may be 
naturalized & become his [Majesty's] Liege Subjects & settlers 
in this Colony. [Be it th]erefore enected by his Honour the 
Lieut. [Govern] or the Council and the General Assembly & it 
[is hereby] Enected by the Authority of the same that [the 
befo]re mentioned Several persons & each & every [of them] 
shall be & hereby are declared to be naturalized to all] intents, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 353 

Constructions, & purposes whatsoever & [from hen]ceforth, & at 
all Times hereafter shall be inti [tied to ha]ve & enjoy all the 
rights, Liberties Privileges, & [advantage] s which his Majesty's 
natural born Subj [ects in this] Colony, have & enjoy, or ought 
to have & enjoy [as fully to] all intents & purposes whatsoever, 
as if all [and every of the]m had been born within this Colony 

[Provided alw]ays & it is hereby further enected by the 
[Authority afo]resaid that each of the above mentioned [Persons 
shall t] ake the Oaths appointed by Law inst [ead of the Oaths of] 
allegiance & Supremacy, Subscribe the Test, & make re] peat 
Swear to & Subscribe the [abjuration Oath in] any of his 
majestys Courts of Record Within this Colony; which Oaths 
[the] Courts' are hereby required, upon [appli] cation to them 
made to admini[ster, take] Subscriptions, & cause the Names 
[of] Persons so swearing & subscribing [to be] entered upon 
Record in the said [Courts] & the said before mentioned 
Perso[ns are] hereby, each of them, required to [pay] the Sev- 
eral Sums hereafter mentioned] That is to Say To the Speaker 
of [the] General Assembly the sum of [ten] Shillings; to the 
Judge of such [Court] the sum of Six Shillings; & to the [Clerk] 
of such Court the Sum of Three Shillings. 

And be it further Enected by the [Auth]ority aforesaid That 
if the Said [Persons] or any of them having so Swo[rn and] 
Subscribed as aforesaid shall de[mand] a Certificate of his, her, 
or their [being] entered upon record in the Man[ner] before 
directed the Court or Courts [in] which such Oaths & Subscrip- 
tions [shall] be made are hereby directed & [requir]ed to grant 
such Under the han[d of the] Judge, & Seal of the Said Court 
or [Courts] in which Such Oaths & Subscript [ions] as aforesaid, 
shall be made Co [unter] signed by the Clerk of the said [Courts] 
For which Certificate, each off them] Shall over and above the 
sum[s above] mentioned the Sum of Six [Shillings] One Half 
to the Judge of such Court or Courts and the oth[er half] to the 
Clerk thereof, Which Certificate] or Certificates, shall be at a [11 
Times] to the Person or Persons [therein nam]ed a Sufficient 
Proof of [his, her or] their being Naturalized by virtue] of 

354 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this Act in as full [& effectual a] Manner as if the [Record 
aforesaid] was actually [Produced by the] Person Or Persons 
so named in such Certificates, 

Provided also, and be it Enected by the Authority aforesaid 
That Such of the Persons hereby Naturalized, as shall not take 
the Oath Test & Abjuration in Manner herein before directed 
within Twelve Months next after the Publication hereof Shall 
have no Manner of benefit by this Act any Thing herein contained 
to the Contrary Notwithstanding 

And be it Enected by the Same Authority That the public 
Printer of this Colony shall & hereby is directed & required to 
print this Act as if the same was a public Law of this Colony 


A. D. S. 

Schanactady Jan*. 27. 1770 

The Hon ble . S r . Will" 1 . Johnson Bart D r . To Tho s . Arnold 

To Makeing a Frock Coat £0:16:0 

To Makeing Two Pair Breeches 0:16:0 

To Finding a quarter Shalloon 0: 1 :0 

To 5 y ds . Tape 0: 0:9 

To Makeing Two Pair Flannel Drawers 0: 4:0 

To Makeing a Laced Coat & Waistcoat Lapell d 1 : 16:0 

To Makeing a Livery Coat & Waist Coat $ Andrew . . 1:0:0 
To D° ^ Indian Boy 0:14:0 

£5- 7-9 
Janry. 27 th . 1770 

Rec d . the above Sum in full of all Dem ds . 

Tho s . Arnold 

INDORSED: 1 Jam?. 27 th . 1770 — 

Tho s . Arnolds Ace*. Taylor 
£5.. 7.. 9 paid 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 355 


January 27, 1770 

As ane oppertunity offers I Seize it with pleasure, to write you, 
I hope that you have passd ane agreable Winter 

We have no News this way, the Indians that come in here seem 
to be well desposed, at least I can learn nothing to the Contrary 
and I most Sincerely wish that they may Continue so, — I was 
unlucky enough to loose my Boats on Lake Ontario, But the 
Men were all Saved, and the Cheif part of my Baggage & 
Stores, — If any Letters should come your way directed for me, 
will be very much obliged to you if you will forward them [ 
this opportunity — In the meantime I must beg of you to present 
my respects to Sir John, Mess rs . Johnstone & Claws, and to as- 
sure you that I am with the outmost Esteem and respect 


Your Most Obedient, and 
Most humble Serv 1 

John Brown 

The Honb le SlR W M JOHNSTONE — 

indorsed: 1 Jam-y. 1770 

Letter from Cap' Brown 

by an Ind n . w th . out Date 

Ans rd . 7 th . March 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 442, is entered a letter of January 28th 
from William Andrews, at New York, acknowledging a draft on Mr 
Mortier and mentioning an intention of visiting London and afterward 
preaching among the Indians (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:423; Q, 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

356 Sir William Johnson Papers 


rx. Li. O. 

New York Jan r » 28 th 1770 
Dear Sir 

I must beg your excuse that I have been so long in Answering 
yours of the 5 th of this month 2 The assembly sitting unavoidably 
employed my thoughts & the attempts made by a desapointed 
faction to excite riots in order to disturb the Government required 
a serious attention But this Session being now at an end much to 
my Satisfaction & of all my friends I shall apply my thoughts 
to the subject Matter of your letter The case of Claverack 
deserves attention & I think it may be proper to advise with the 
Council on it by laying before them a Petition I have received 
from Kinderhook on that subject The Council were so much 
engaged in their Legislative capacity I knew it would be disagre- 
able to them to have any other business laid before them which 
could be delayed 

The Assembly passed a Militia Bill to which I could not give 
my assent without breach of a late Instruction to Sir H Moore 
which require that all acts for regulating the Militia be at least of 
five years continuance I have a clause restraining its taking effect 
till it shall have his Majesty's approbation As I do not expect 
that the assembly will comply with this Instruction & now no act 
for regulating the Militia exists it may deserve your considera- 
tion how far you think any orders regarding the Militia will be 
obeyed & I think it imprudent to issue orders which cannot be 
enforced & may be despised I shall be glad to receve your 
thoughts on this head before I issue the orders you desire 

However I shall give directions to M r . Banyar to make out the 
Commissions you desire 

1 In the New York Historical Society, New York City. 

2 In Doc. Hist. N. V., 2:962-64; Q, 2:557-58. 

From Morgan Dix's History of the Parish of Trinity Church 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 357 

Col Schuyler 1 has not thought proper to make me the usual 
complement of coming to the Fort for what reason I know not 
I do not so much as know him by sight Notwithstanding of this 
we were surprised by his being the first person who moved to 
give me the same sallary Sir Henry Moore had 

An Act is passed appoint Com rs to consert a plan with the 
neighbouring colonies for Indian affairs Now I think I have men- 
tioned every thing you may be desirous to know 

I am very affectionately 
Your most obedient & 

humble Servant 
Cadwallader Colden 
Sir W m Johnson Bar 1 

INDORSED: N York Janr?. 28 th 1 770 
L l . Gov r . Coldens Letter 
No. 3 — 
the great naturalist 2 


A. L. S. 3 

New York, Jan 28, 1770. 

Altho I have not the pleasure of a personal Acquaintance with 
you, yet I am persuaded you will excuse the Trouble of this 
Application, as it relates to a benevolent Design which you have 
much at Heart; viz. the Settlement of a Missionary among the 
Mohawks & other Confederate Tribes of Indians. 

1 Philip Schuyler was a member of the colonial assembly for Albany 
county 1 768-75. 

2 A later indorsement, in another hand. 

3 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

358 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Friends of Christianity & of the Church of England, 
among the chief of which I reckon yourself, have long lamented 
that those Indians have been destitute of a Missionary. This is 
the more to be regretted ; as I learn the Indians themselves are very 
desirous of having a Clergyman of the Church of England fixed 
among them ; & the Dissenters are endeavouring to wriggle them- 
selves into their good Graces, encouraged, I suppose, by our Supi- 
ness. The venerable Society, as on all other similar Occasions, 
are willing to do what they can ; but I have Reason to think they 
are not able to give such a Salary as would be necessary for an 
Indian Missionary. Indeed it is difficult to procure a person 
properly qualified to undertake the Mission ; but were he found, 
he has not suitable Encouragement. 

By some late Accounts from Nova Scotia, I learn that on the 
Death of a late popish Missionary to some converted Tribes of 
Indians in that Province, & an Application made to the Govern- 
ment: The Government appointed another Missionary to those 
Indians, with a Salary of £100 Sterl. per An. Surely if the 
Government would go to this Expence for a popish Missionary to 
Indians who were not our Friends till very lately; there is much 
more Reason that it should be at an equal Expence for a Protes- 
tant Missionary to Indians who have for many Years — ever since 
our first Settlement in this Colony, distinguished themselves by 
their Fidelity to us. Nor can I concieve that the Government 
would refuse to grant such a Salary for the Mohawk Mission, 
were an Application made for that purpose; especially as the 
former Instance is so recent. At least, should such a Request 
be refused, it would surprize me more than any one Thing that 
has happened in this Age of Wonders. 

I could not forbear giving you the above Intelligence. I ap- 
prehend an Application to Government for an Indian Missionary 
should originate from you. There are few Things I have at 
Heart more than that a worthy Clergyman were settled among 
our Indians. Were a proper Salary allowed, I have no Doubt 
but we could procure a suitable Person to undertake it. The 
Packet is daily expected. By her, when she returns, I shall write 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 359 

to the Society; & should be glad to have your Sentiments of this 
Affair before that Time. M r . Andrews sailed for Ireland a few 
Days since. From Ireland he proceeds to England for Holy 
Orders. I have great Expectations of him — should he answer 
the Expectations of his Friends he would probably take the 
Mohawk Mission. 

I am, Sir, with much Respect & Esteem, 
Your most obedient 

& humble Servant 

Charles Inglis 
To Sir Will m . Johnson Bar 1 . 

indorsed: 1 N York Janry. 28 th . 1770 
The Revr d . M r . Inglis 
Ans d . 1 6 th Feby. 


Kinderhook 28th January 1770 

On my return here from Johnson Hall I wrote You immed- 
iately — The Day after I sent [Col°] Johnson a State of the 
Militia and also a Sketch of the Country hereabouts with such 
explanations as I [cou]ld give — I also sent him an Account of 
a number of Commissions Distributed among the Setlers on the 
[con] tested Lands all which I hope he has received and for- 
warded to you. 

In my last I mentioned the particulars of the manner in which 

our Petition had [ ] in the House of Assembly to the 

15th Instant; since which it has made a very great deal of 

], in asmuch as that many of the Petitioners are 

ordered to attend the House the next Sessions ] the 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

360 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Subject of the Blank Commissions CoR Rensselaer (or some- 
body for him) obtained of the Late [Sir] Henry Moore for his 
Regiment — I shall be happy when that Period comes as I can 
So fully [make] good and support every Allegation in the Peti- 
tion by Incontestable proofs — We are afraid [of] nothing but 
that a certain Great Man will come to a compromise and get the 
order of [the] House recalled & that we shall thereby loose an 
opportunity of explaining ourselves more fully on this matter. — I 
have wrote very fully upon that Subject to Col°. Johnson and 
have requested of him to Show You my letter, if he thinks you 
have leisure or Inclination to Read it as well as A Copy of the 
Petition which makes so much noise — I have wrote it myself and 
am answerable for the proofs, I shall therefor write this Post to 
my B r to mention to some of the Members that my Attendance 
alone will be sufficient at the Bar of the House; as the [peo]ple 
have signed the Petition on my word that the proofs were in my 

The Conduct of our Members that are now in House has had 
so unfavorable [an a]ppearance that we are alarmed almost at 
every thing they do or propose for this part of the [coun]ty 
There has been a rumour some Weeks Past that there is a New 
List for Justices of the Peace for the [county of] Albany under 
Consideration & that one Isaac Goes (a Dram Shopkeeper & a 
Fellow of no [ ] generally disliked for his attachment 

to a Family who aim at the ruin of the Township) [ 
to be one of our Justices — Some of the principle People took 
the alarm and they have [asked] the Governor to appoint Cap 
Peter Vosburgh and myself — We both would rather not be 
the solicitations were so powerful that we could not with- 
stand the Petition in our favour. Whether [ ] will 
prefer the Members recommendation or the one of the Township 
is yet uncertain, we should [ ourselves] as sure of 
success if you Sir would be pleased to Second the Wishes of the 
People by [ ] the L l Governor. It is now the 
interest of our Members to appoint such Persons in [ 
answer their Land Schemes but for this end I suppose it is that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 361 

they have nominated ] as well as one Peter Van Ness 

who lives on part of this Township that Col°. [Rensselaer 
and as this M r Van Ness is openly in his Interest it is the more 
alarming [ ] I hope Sir that my writing in this 

manner will not be construed as proceeding from a Desire of being 
in office, far from it, my motives at first were | Towns- 

men — Now the Leaven of opposition operates a little. Before 
I conclude [ ] See cause to carry the desire of the People 

in this particular into execution I can with great [ ] recom- 

mend Cap Vosburgh to your Notice as a Man of weight in the 
Community of an unblemished Character and one who will do 
Honor to the List of Justices. I remain 

with the Greatest Respect 
Your most Obedient 
& Most humble Servant 


The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall. 

Letter [ ] 

A. Df. 

Johnson Hall JanrK 29*. 1770 
Dear Sir 

I was favoured with your letter of the 1 2 th . Inst, and am sorry 
to find that the extraordinary Expences for the proposed Meeting 
cannot be safely incurred without an application at Home, which 
must render the whole abortive, for the Design of the Indians in 
desireing the Congress will not admitt of such delay practicable 

362 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to Satisfy them on that Head, or to prevent the Suspicions it is 
likely it may excite, with their 111 Consequences. — I have had 
several Messages sent me on that head, since their first applica- 
tion agreable to their resolutions at Onondaga, and there are now 
Deputies with me who are verry pressing for my imediate 
Answer; under these disagreable Circumstances, I must do the 
best I can, and give them the most plausible reasons In my power 
for not meeting them, and wish it may at all answer what I had 
reason to hope from the Congress. — 

The letter for the Huron, who I know very well, Shall [be] 
forwarded the first opertunity. — 

This is intended to be presented to you by Lieut. [Roberjts 
who goes for New York and afterwards I beleive [Engjland, 
where (if I may presume to request it) I would heartily wish him 
to have y r . Countenance & Protection. He has Accts to lay 
before You particularly of [ ] from Michilimacinac, 

which consider^, ye Occasion [ I cann]ot refuse my strong- 

est recommendation for [ ] as he has been hurried 

back & forward certain] affairs of a public nature 

] ill Support & w h . I think should not 
] action lately commenced 
against him for doing wha[ ] as Commissary, 

In w h . Suit I am become his Bail, [ ] before the Attorney 

Genr 1 . [ ] can be explained [in such] a manner, as will I 

dare say entitle him to y r . Coun [tenance] & protection, as it could 
not but fall verry ha [rd on] any Man who has been Active in his 
office, to want [protection] against those Persons who now take 
advantage of his [ ] to deter others from doing their 

Duty hereafter, and [ ] been already at the Expence & 

trouble of Sever 1 . Attend [ances] on Court in consequence of the 
litigious Action. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 443, is listed under the date Jan. 29, 
1 770, Hannis Wert's account of tailoring for Sir William Johnson. 
Destroyed by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 363 



Johnson Hall ]an r *. 30 lh 1770 
Dear Sir 

Since my last to you of the 1 5 th of Sept r . I have been favoured 
with yours of the 13 th of said Month, with an Ace 1 , of the Ex- 
pences attended the Grant which his Majesty was pleased to 
Make me, for which I now inclose you a Bill on Harley & Drum- 
mond Amts to £545 .4.4 Sterb & I heartily wish that this may 
find you perfectly recovered from your late Indisposition which 
would afford me infinate pleasure. 

This will be presented you by Lieu 1 . Robberts lately one of my 
Commissarys for Trade, Who with the rest, & all the Subordinate 
Officers (on the late reform made in my department) were dis- 
charged to the verry great loss, & discontent of the Indian Nations 
who are now left entirely to the Mercy of the Traders, the 
Majority of whom are a Sett of verry worthless fellows, & re- 
quire verry Strict Inspection. — The Governments here have not 
as yet made any provision for the regulation of Trade, nor is 
there any likelyhood that they will. So that I fear all that I have 
hitherto been doing will now fall to the Ground ; As the Bearer is 
well versed in Indian affairs & can give you as good an Ace*, of 
everything relative to them as any Man who left this Country, 
I shall not take up your time on that Subject, but beg leave to 
refer you to him for any Intelligence you may want of that nature. 

I send you by him a Couple of Pamphlets lately published in 
Connecticut, whereby You will see the Spirit of them trouble- 
some people, with regard to the Lands within your Governm 1 . 
their Settlem*. of which, I have, & shall continue to oppose all in 
my power, from a conviction that the Steps they have taken of 

1 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

364 Sir William Johnson Papers 

obtaining a Deed from the Indians for said Lands were unfair, & 
Ungenerous, & their Claim by Charter 1 as ridiculous. 

Any favour or Civility shewn to this Gentleman (whose Merit 
whilst in the Service, entitles him to this recommendation) will 
add much to the Obligations I already lye under and be greatfully 
acknowledged by me, Who am with great Truth & Regard, 

Dear sir 

Your Most Sincere Friend 
& Affectionate Hum e Serv 1 . 
My Son presents his most 
respectfull Compliments 
to You & Family — 
The Honourable 
Thomas Penn Esq r 


A. L. S. 

Albany IK Feb*. 1770 

Yours of the 23 d . Ult°. V M r . Henry, came duly to hand, to- 
gether with £ 1 2 .. 1 4 for the leather — 

A Man called here this morning early, to enquire for Some 
Mil-Stones of yourn, which I coud give him no intelligence of, as 
I never heard of any, and much doubt if there is any such thing 
in Town at present as Milstones; As I came up in the Fall, we 
were oblidgd to put in at Eusopus on account of the Ice, & there 
were three or four pair lying at the Dock which, a man, who had 
the care of them, wanted to send much to this place, & perhaps 
yourn might be among them; if so, I woud now advise you to 
send for them, as there never was stronger Ice 

1 The charter of Connecticut was held to have proceeded from that of 
the Council for New England, the Plymouth Company, which was 
empowered to possess territory in America from the 40th to the 48th 
degree of north latitude and from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

Fost-War Period, 1763-1774 365 

Inclosed is a Ring, which M r . Lansingh has given [me] in 
the place of that of yourn, which he melted, as [I be] fore informd 
you. Please to make my Comp ,s . [to Mess] rs . Gamble, & 
Daily, and I am with great respect 

D r . Sir 

Y r . Most Obed 1 . & Hum e . Serv 1 . 

Sam l . Stringer 
indorsed: 1 [ ] 

Ans' d . y e . 14 th . Feb'y. 1770 

wrote him to buy me a pair of 
Esopus Millstones & send them up 
if possible, also to speak to Hunn 
ab l . Onniade at Sacandaga & 
to let me have their Ans r . Soon 


A. D. S. 

[Johnson Hall, Feb. 3, 1770] 
Fort] Stanwix 
] Bowls of Sperritt Tody 
bojttles Wine 
| Bowls Tody for the Serv ts . & Indians 
] Bo Sangueree for Billey 
] Dinner for the Gentlemen 
4 Dinner for the Serv ts . & orderly Man 
To 4 Loaves of Bread & one pound & a half of But- 
ter for the Indians 
To 1 1 Yl Pounds of Loaf Sugar at 2 S /^ 
To 5 J/2 Gall s of Rum for the Annadago Indians 
To one & a half Quarters of Roast Mutton 
To 4 fowls 

To 8 Loaves & 2j/2 Doz n of Bisquets 
To 1 Pint of Rum for the Indians 































In Johnson's hand. 

366 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To 3 Dinners 0.4.6 

To 6 Suppers 0.9.0 

To Vittles for 4 Indians 0.4.0 

To Vittles for 2 Squaws 0.2.0 

To 8 Breakfasts 0.8.0 

To 7 Meredians 0.7.0 

To 2 dinners for the Orderly man & Billey 0.2.0 

To 7 Bowls & J/2 of Spirritt Tody 1.7.3 

] Bowls Tody for the Soldiers & the Indian 3 . 

[ ] Us Rum 0. 0. 9 

[ bo]ttles & a pint of Wine 1.2.0 

[ ] loaves of Bread 0.15. 9 

[ ] Mutton & one fowl sent to F< Bull 7 . 

[ ] of Rost Mutton 0. 6. 

£14 5 9 
[ 8. 

[ ] of Bread & 1 Qu l Rum for y e Massag 0.8.0 

[ ] Bread & ]/ 2 n Butter for y e Annadago 0.2.2 

] Tody & 3 Bow s Sangueree £0.8.3 
[ ] ils Vittles 0.2.0 

[ ] loaves Bread 0.4.6 

[ ] 4 Quarts Milk 0.1.2 

] for Joseph 0.15.11 

£1.14. 1 

Memorandom of the Number 
of Loads Carryed Over for Sir 
William Johnson 
from the 3 rd of July to the 4 th of August 
To 3 1 Loads boats Included over this place £6 . 4.0 

To 5 Loads from Kenedy Creek 5 . 0.0 

To 4 Loads of Baggage from bulls Fort to the Indian 

Field 2.16.0 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 367 

To 4 Horses & a man to Kenedy Creek 1 . 0.0 

To I Horse to Kenedy Creek w h . Hair 0. 4.0 

To 2 Horses with Tice & Abbett to Bulls Fort . 4.0 
To 3 Loads of Corn Carry ed from the [Indian] Field 
to the Other Side of fort [ ] Under the 

Care of Barn Wemple 2 . 2.0 

] Bunts Boat Baggage &ca 
[ | going down & Returning 1 3 6 

£18 13 6 

Rec d . of Sir W Johnson [ ] Thirty four Pounds, thir- 

teen [shillings four pence] being in full of these Acc t,s . — 
£34 13 4 [ ] 

INDORSED: Fort Stanwix in [going] 
& returning to y e . Senecas 

Sir W m Johnsons 


[Feb. 3, 1770] 

[Sir William John] son D r To Jn° De Peyster 

[ ] by Andris Wemp £1.7- 

[ ]" Small Nails as ^ ac 2.10- 

£3.17 - 

368 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Kinderhook 4 Feb* 1770 

[ ] 

In consequence of y[ ] Military appoint- 

ments I have already wrote you [ j with 

his Honor the L'. Governor to write him a fortnight [ 

]ing qualified My B r . writes me that he was pleased 
to read it [ ] his Honor asked what 

the Kinderhook People would have of him [ 
they] would would be extremely tender how they presumed to 
point out any Mode; but [ ] the existence of the 

regiment in its present form as a real Grievance [ 
Kinderhook People to his Honor was that it might not so remain. 
But who [ ] People propose for a Col°. ? As that 

is a matter that will not be known until [ ] are known 

upon the subject my B r . could not answer him the question — He 
therefore [ ] that you Sir had proposed a Regiment 

should be formed of the Inhabitants between the [North Bounds] 
of the Manor of Livingston & the South Bounds of the Manor of 
Rensselaer Wyck — He [ ] informed of the number 

of Inhabitants which he said were sufficient for 2 Regiments 
[The question] was put how a Division could be made? — A 
streeght Line from the lower Falls to the [bounds of the cojlony 1 
— Then says his Honor the Kinderhook People would rather not 
be with Clavera [ck. My B r . repli] ed 't is their desire to be intirely 
disconnected from Claverack — He appeared intirely to [ 
in the wishes of the People. — His Honor told my B r . that he 
would (although our complaints were [ ] prerogative 

matters and merely with himself) lay our complaints before the 
Council & have the Kind [erhook] Petition entered on the minutes 
of the Council. — If Sir you should approve of a Regiments 

1 See map following Van Schaack to Johnson, January 28, 1770. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 369 

being here four or five of the principle people will 
wait on you and let you know who & who ] be most 

agreable for the Field Officers & Captains or it shall be done by 
Letter as you shall most approve of. We mean, in case it should 
be agreable to you, to recommend such Persons only [as] have 
the most interest in the Township — if those appointments should 
be properly distributed the whole Township will be so united that 
9/10 of the Freeholders will in future Vote for their Members 
one way. — The most thinking part of the Township would (if 
they had no other motion) be on this Account extremely happy 
of having a Regiment. When you find it convenient I shall be 
happy to hear from you and remain in the utmost haste 

with great respect 

your most Obedient 
humble Servant 


[P. S.] The old Road Act is revived 1 for an other Year So 
[the] grand scheme He had in view is dropped through. 


A. L. S. 

Niagara Feb*. 4 lh : 1770 

I embrace this opportunity by an Indian to enquire after your 
health — 

As His Excellency our Governor has no Commissary to dis- 
pute with at present, he now & then makes the Traders sensible 
of his importance. — 

On his arrival here, I beg'd a favour of him in behalf of the 
Indians Viz*, that they should not be stop'd at the Gates or have 

1 See Colonial Laws of New York, 5 :89-90 for law passed January 
27, 1770. 

370 Sir William Johnson Papers 

their packs search'd — he so far comply'd with my request as to 
give out an order [to] that purpose, but I still find the old practice 
continued & doubtless with his approbation — When [ever] he 
puts his nose out of the Garrison I put a [stop] to such proceed- 
ings, which of course incurs me [his Excellency's heavy dis- 
pleasure — 

]aa, Waa is here & desires me to acquaint you [that the] 
Indians are all peaceable & quiet & that he [ ] keep them so, 

altho the Delawares are constantly endeavoring to stir them up to 
do mischief — I hope you will excuse the liberty I take in 
ask[ing] your advice, how I shall get paid £34:15:1, which I 
have expended on the Indians during the time I had [the] honour 
to command — I beg my comp ts . to S r . John [and] all your 
family — I am with regard 


Your most Obedient and 
most humble Servant — 
Ja s . Stevenson 
S R . William Johnson Bar'. 

INDORSED: [Niagara Feby. 4 lh . 1770] 


Niagara Februay 4 th . 1770 


I am greatly concerned to be informed this day by M r . Edward 
Pollard of this place, that my Bill on you in his favour Dated in 
September 1 768 in not yet paid, I did not doubt but was paid as, 
I particularly desired it might be Discharged when I was last 
Down, as it hath been standing some Years and chiefly Cash, the 
taking it up will be Esteemed a favour done Sir 

Your most obedient 
Humble servant 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 371 

A. L. S. 
SlR New York the 5 th Feb'*. 1770 

I have no News to send you at present as I have not been out 
of the House these eight or ten days on acct. of the sickness of 
M rs . MacLeod and her daughter, they are now some what re- 
cover'd, and I intend to sally out this afternoon to try if I can 
Stand the N. Wester, that now blows. 

I am informed that they are this day puting up the New 
Liberty pole 1 in defiance of the Mayor and Corporation who are 
much against it being put up, however up it goes in spite of them 


Mess rs . Phyn and Ellice have this day sent me a most surpriz- 
ing accompt, which makes me trouble you with the following 
request which is. If there yet remains any of my orders upon 
you in their favour unpaid, that you'll [be] so good as stop the 
money in your hands untill such [time] as I can clear up accompts 
with them, as at present [I thin]k they use me extremely ill. If 
you'll be so good as [to forwar]d the enclosed as Soon as possible 
it will add to [the m]any obligations I already lye under to you 
pardon [the tro]uble and believe me to be Sir 

Your very affectionate and much 
obliged Humble Ser'. 

Nor d . Mac Leod 
indorsed: N York 5 th . Feb r y. 1770 

Cap 1 . MacLeods Letter 

1 The first liberty pole was erected on the Common (City Hall Park) 
June 4, 1 766, after the repeal of the Stamp Act and displayed the 
words "The King, Pitt and Liberty"; and was cut down by soldiers of 
the 28th regiment August 1 0. The second pole was raised September 
23 and was destroyed the following night. The third was planted March 
1 8, 1 767 and was prostrated the next day. A fourth was erected at 
once and stood until January 16, 1770, when its destruction was 
effected by soldiers of the 1 6th regiment. This incident was followed 
on the 19th and 20th by the affray of Golden Hill. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

6 ih . February, 1770 

Albany 23 November 17 [69] . 

Sir Willia]m Johnson To Barent Van Alen D r : 


] Smith Ballos a 

£0- 4-0 

] Sarvayors Cumpas 

0- 1-0 

] 2 Mills Stones a 30/ 

3- 0-0 

] 591 Bushels of Corn a /4 


To] 2Hh d :ofRum a 6/ 


To] 1 Barlof Beer a 1/6 

0- 1-6 

To] 1 Canestar of Tea a 1/ 

0- 1-0 

]or Being Detained at 

A]lbany 6 Day on 


6- 0-0 

19-16- 6 

a]ccount of the Corn 

4] Barlsof pork a 1/6 

0- 6-0 

] carting of Samea York 

0- 2-0 

] To 20 Barls of Syder a 1/6 


] To 1 Case of Dry Goods 2/ 

0- 2-0 

] To 4 Loads to Schonac- 

tady 10/ 

2- 0-0 

] To 1 Hh d : of Spirits a 6/ 

0- 6-0 

] To 1 Box of Dry goods c 

i 4/ 

0- 4-0 


] To 3 Barls of Syder a 1/6 0-4-6 

] To 1 pipe of Wine a 8/ 0- 8-0 

] To Carting of Same a York 0- 2-9 

To] 500 Bushals of Corn a /4 8- 6-8 

To] 1 Negroman passage & keeping 0-12-0 

4] Barls of pork a 1/6 0- 6-0 

2 C]aggs a /9 0- 1-6 

]igsSet In Mold 0- 1-0 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 373 

Car] ting of Same a York 0- 1-6 
[ ] Barls of pork a 1/6 0-9-0 10-12-11 

£34-19- 5 

[ ] 6 th . February 1 770 Then Rec d . [ 

] the above in full as also in full [ 
stant as Witness my [ ] 

[Barent] Van Alen 
indorsed: [ ] 

1770 £3 [4-19-5] 

A. D. 

Febn>. 6*. 1770 
[Al]bany 26 April 1769 

Sir W m . Johnston D r 

To Peter W. Douw 

To fraight of 1 Box a 1/ 0. . 1 . .0 

To 2 Bundels of Trees a 2/ p r . . . . 0. . 4. .0 

To 1 Small Bundel a 6 d 0. . 0. .6 

[ ]16.. To 4 Barls of Nails a 3/ p' 0..12..0 

To 4 Boxes of Glass a 9 d 0. . 3. .0 

To 1 Hh d . Earthen wear 6/ . . 6 . . 

To 1 Cag white lead a 6 d & 2 gogs 

a 6 d 0.. 1..6 

To 2 Boxes dry goods a 9 d p r - . . 1 . . 6 

£1.. 9. .6 
Feb r y. 6 th . 1 770 Rec d . the above Sum on 

Ace*, of P. W Dow p r Barent Van Alen 

INDORSED: Peter W. Douw 

Ace*. & recp*. 6 th . Feb?. 
1770. £1.9.6 

374 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New York 7 February 1770 
[De]ar Sir 

I arrived here last Night at 7 oClock, waited on Co 1 . Croghan 
who I found laid up in the Gout. I delivered y r . Letter to Wal- 
lace who kept me to Supper & was so kind to Go with me this 
morning to Magra, who I found by his discription Confined by a 
Complaint near Unto yours, this Evening I went for my 
Answer found him at Work he seems to have much affection for 
you & hope his prescription will be infallible, indeed every body 
seem much concerned that have heard of your Ailing. M r . Wil- 
liams made a point of my Supping with him where Rev ds . 
Phillips, & Robinson, Dot rs . Mallet, Jones, Bruce, & another, I 
dont know the name Supp'd, when Williams drank y r . health 
they Spoke of you with Such affection that my Heart warmed to 
them [all], for God sake preserve yourself for your friends 
[You] can have no Idea how mankind are interested in [your] 
Welfare, a proper Regimen will remove your Complaint [ 
love you best that wish you a bed at unseasonable hours, [ 
you] must excuse me but I must blame you, for being too [ 

to yourself, you think much of any expence you make 

own] health; State the Case thus, that you are giving 

] hundreds, then you'll not blame your 

friends | ] to Spend something more than 

you [ ] 

I am advised by every body to take other advice [ 
Magra Stupid & doating, indeed he seems to me very [ 
I thought you had inclosed y r Case to M r . Wallace to be se[nt 
to] M r . Morgan, wch made me wait on him immediately [on] 
arrival, I had no Letter Amongst those you gave me f [or] Phila- 
delphia 8 th : inst. 

I have had a good deal of discourse with Magra [ 
he asked me if you bled at the Gums, if I knew what [ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 375 

State your blood was in, I answered I did not hear you [bled] at 
the Gums, but I observed that twice after shaving, from touches 
of the razor almost imperceptible you bled very [plen] tifully. he 
then seem'd much pleased with the Opinion [ ] had wrote, 

said he was Sure he had prescribed what wo[uld] have Effect, 
that he would think himself a very bad man [if] he did not use 
every endeavour to administer to your welf[are] he desired I 
would mention the use of Horse Radish. mus[tard] & Scurvy 
Crass desired you to dress them up [ ways, as may be 

palatable, You have not mentiond [ the Wound you 

received in y r Leg, I did. he said If had] pounded some 

white salt & washed it with it, & aplly'd [it to the] wound when 
Green it would have prevented the bl [ | it now has. 

he says he will Write you more [ J you will Answer 

him immediately & let [him know what] further Symptoms hap- 
pen. You he says [ ] understand you, its trouble- 
some to [ ] mber of pages where the number of 
Words loose the use & meaning of the Writing 

General Gage was dressing when I called yesterday, I saw him 
to day he seems to blame the making the boundary with the 
present disputes, that the Delwares are Jealous not having a Share 
of the purchase money but his Letter will explain more fully. I 
had not time to mention any thing of my own affairs, nor did he, 
as we both were desirous the Express should not be delay'd he 
wishes you would take Doctor Johnson's advice, would not have 
any delay, he seems very desirous of your Recovery 

There is a vas deal of News in the Boston paper I could only 
get a Glympse of it at Gaines, but he promised to write you the 
heads of it. I also desired Rivington who promises also to write 

Your Friend Lord Chelburn is in the Ministry again I hope 
he'll pursue the former plan 

I shall if I receive your Letters, set out in the Brittannia, if she 
goes sooner than the packet, however that will depend entirely 
upon the Letters I hope to Receive from you. 

376 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Tho I am Out of Employ I have many Visitors, I was 
[afraid] party affairs might have decreased my Friends | 

] but I find by their Visits & Cards as many as before 
] excuse them for a day or two. I remain with the 
[ sincerity of heart, your well wisher & 

Dear Sir Your most oblidged 

affectionate humble Servant 

[ ]& 

Whilst B Roberts 

[ i 

INDORSED: [New York Feb r >\ 7 1 770] 
U. Roberts [Letter] 
& Express 

A. L. S. 1 

New york Feb r ». 8 th . 1770 
Dear Sir, 

Hearing that a Person goes this Day for Johnson-Hall, I take 
that opportunity to acknowledge your Letter of 30 th . Ul mo . by 
M r : Roberts. You mention your Concern to find the Expences 
for the proposed Meeting can not be Safely incurred without an 
Application at home, as the Design of the Indians in desiring the 
Congress will not admit of Such Delay, &c a . In my Letter to 
you of the 1 4 th Ul mo . I gave you my opinion in what Manner it is 
proper to proceed when the Service requires extraordinary Ex- 
pences to be incurred. Nor do I See how it is to occasion any 
Delay in the Meeting, but a Delay only of three or four Months 
in discharging the Expences of it. I shall relate what you have 
Said to me on the occasion, but it will be your particular Business 
to lay the critical Situation of our Indian affairs before His 
Majesty's Ministers, to shew them the absolute Necessity you are 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 377 

under to contract these Extraordinary Expences beyond the allow- 
ance fixed for your Department. To satisfy them that they are 
unavoidable at this Juncture, and to desire that Orders may be 
transmitted to defray them, a Packet is daily expected, and you 
can't be too expeditious in Sending your Dispatches to this Pur- 
pose to your Correspondent in this Place, or to my Office, from 
whence they shall be carefully forwarded. 

I am truely concerned to hear by M r . Roberts of your ill state 
of Health, Sincerely wishing I may shortly learn better accounts 
of you as I am with great Regard. 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 
Tho s . Gage 
S R . W M . Johnson Bar*. 

INDORSED: N York 8 th . Febr?. 1770 

Genr'. Gages Letter 


A. L. 5. 

[TV York February] 8, 1770 


[I am] really concerned, Sir William [ 
L l Roberts of your Indisposition. I [grea]tly wish this Epistle 
may find you [in good] health again. 

[With] greatest Hurry I have scribbled the [inclos]ed which 
gives the state of things [ J down to y e I st of January. 

] agrely on Lord Dunmores 1 appoint [ment] to the 
Government of New York. 

1 John Murray, Earl of Dunmore was governor of New York from 
October 19, 1770 to July 9, 1771. His commission was dated 
January 2, 1 770. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

[M]y Humble Respects to S. John, [ ] Guy & Cap 1 

Claus & I am 

Sir William 

Your faithfull Servant 
[Feby.] 8 1770 Ja s Rivington 

indorsed: [N] York 8 th . Feb r y. 1770 

Sor Willem Johnson 

Voor Vracht op 
To 2 baalle boome 
Voor carre 

[Ja s .] Rivingtons Letter 
[wi]th Enclosures 

volkart dawson's receipt 
A. D. S. 

[Feb. 8] 1770 
Albany Aprel 1 6, 1 765 
D r . 
aen Volkart Dawson 

[ ] 

at 6/ 

[ ] 

[£ 0. . 12. .-] 

[Feb. 8] 1 770 Reed the Within Sum in f [ull] 
Volkart Dawson 


Sir William Johnson 

For Freight 

to 2 bags of beans 
For carting 

A. D. 5. 

[Feb. 8] 1770 
Albany, April 1 6, 1 765 


to Volkart Dawson 

[ ] 

at 6/ 
[ ] 

[£ 0..12..-] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 379 


A. L. S. 

Onohoquage. Feb: 9: 1770 

Brother & chief &c — I Salute You & hope you be in good 
health as I am. Tho I am in trouble for my wife & her family 
On Account Of their Loss. They Are in great trouble for The 
Loss of a relation of my wifes Brothers Son — My Wife & her 
Sister Are Desirous of a Black Stroud for Each of Them that is 
The Wife of Nichlass Which if you Could handily give I Would 
take it As a Great favour as it is not in My power at present to 
Procure Neither Did I Ever intend to trouble You beyond Your 
Own Pleasure : but as This Ocation calls for what is not in my 
power & the Women Are Exceeding Desirous I Should beg The 
favour, Which if not convenient for You, I shall not Think hard, 
as You have Always Shewn Your friend ship beyond What I 
could Expect My Wife & her Sister Salute, Miss Molly, and 
[all] our family — 

I Salute Your family & hope They may be in health I Still 
remain Your Friend 

Peter. Ogwitontongwas 
Or. Little peter 


The Hon ble Sir 

William Johnson & — 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 Letter from an 

Oghquagae Cheif — 
March 1 770 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

380 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Albany the 9 l K February 1770 

This day I was honored with Your favor of yesterdays date. 
The action against Hugh Deniston has been long depending and 
I have had a right since last January Term to commence a suit 
against the sheriff he having returned him in Custody on an 
execution But the money being now secured in consequence of 
your engagement I can wait the time proposed — I believe with- 
out Incurring the displeasure of my clients 
I Inclose the list you desired and am Sir 

Your most obedient 
There] is some probability of a & very Hunble 

Court of] oyer & Terminer before Servant 

] is over I am told P SILVESTER 

] has already been made 
] or for a Commission 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 444, are listed three letters: one of 
February 9th to the Earl of Hillsborough, regarding the retention of 
Major Gorham as deputy agent for Nova Scotia and Lieutenant Benja- 
min Roberts's services and deserts (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:964; 
Q, 2:558) ; one of the 9th to Lieutenant Governor Colden, congratulat- 
ing on increase of salary, discussing militia reform, proposing the forma- 
tion of regiments south of the Manor of Ranslaer and in Ulster and 
Dutchess and considering the appointment of new magistrates in the 
county, the swearing in of officers and a concerted plan for Indian trade 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:965-67; Q, 2:559-60); and one of 
the 1 0th to the Earl of Hillsborough on the action of the Cherokees in 
the congress at Onondaga, a proposed meeting of the Six Nations, the 
expense, the policy of permitting the Indians to "Cut each others Throats" 
and continued lawlessness on the frontier (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
2:967-69; Q, 2:560-61 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 381 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady 10 th . February 1770 
[Dear] Sir 

Some time ago Colo 1 . Johnson informed me [that] you intended 
to let me have 1 0,000 Acres of Land in Patent [ ] nk lying 

to the North of Johnson Hall, I at same [time] told Colo 1 . John- 
son that I shou'd willingly accept of | or any other You 
shou'd recommend & immediately there [ I Just hinted 
something of the same kind to you at the Hall [whe]n I had the 
Pleasure to see you last week I judged it [not] proper to enter 
upon that business on acco 1 . of your indis[posi]tion, which with 
much satisfaction I now learn from M r . [Con] stable you are get- 
ting the better of. What I am now to [trou]ble you with is to 
enquire some few particulars respecting [ ] and which 
I will be glad to be resolved in when Convenient [In the fir]st 
place I shou'd like to know if the Land is survey'd [ 
to receive my proportion in Lotts or altogether [ &] 
if the latter at what Part of the Tract. I also want [ 
wh]at it will cost & if it will be inconvenient for you [not to 
make] the Paym'. untill June or July next when it wou'd sute me 
much better than just now, as by that time re [turns] will be come 
to hand from the westward. It woul'd [be] a further satisfac- 
tion cou'd I obtain any Character [as to] the quality of the 
Lands, this I mean particularly | ] give my friend M r . Morison 
every information in my [power] 

In about twelve days hence M r . Ellice & I intfend] to under- 
take our journey to N: York shou'd you think of any thing we 
can serve you in when there be so good as Command [us.] 

When you find it Convenient to send an order for Joh[nston's 
| £1 16:1 :5 we Shall be obliged to You, as we have a 

382 Sir William Johnson Papers 

great m[any] Cash Articles to provide when below 
I have the honor to be with much respect 


Your most obed' & much oblig [ 
Hum e Serv 1 

James P[hyn] 

The Honb e . SlR W M JOHNSON 


INDORSED: 1 [Schenectady Feb^. 10 1770] 

M r . Phyns letter 

Ans rd . y e . 1 4 th . & Sent him 

a Draft on M r . Mortier 

for £162.. 18.. 7 

for Col Claus & Johnston the 

Smith. & that I would 
next Spring be better able to 
give him an Ans r . regards, the 
Land than I can at psent — 
Either at Scohare, or in the 
Northeren Tract 

Df. 2 

Johnson hallFehK W ih . 1770 
Dear Sir 

The Express being waiting I have only time to Send you the 
inclosed for Lord Hillsborough wherein I have told him of you 
and your Services in the most favorable Manner I Could and 
after acquainting him that you was to be the bearer of it I con- 
clude with these Words "An honor which I could not refuse him 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 383 

because during the time he was employed he faithfully & dili- 
gently discharged his duty & had he met with the Necessary Sup- 
port would have proved of great use in that Country, I know 
that I cannot give him a higher recommendation to your Lordship 
than by saying that he was a faithfull Servant to the Crown." 

I also inclose you another Letter to his Lordship on publick 
affairs, which I daresay you will take good Care of & deliver 
Safe, and heartily Wishing you a Safe Voyage & all possible 
Success I remain D r Sir 

Your Sincere friend 
& Very humble Servt. 

]ur departure I find 
] thing better, 
glad] to hear from 

| opportunity. 


L. S. 

London 10 th . Febry 1770 

M r . Henry Bostwick having informed us that it would be 
agreable to You to take a Share in the proposed patent for a Com- 
pany to work Mines in & round Lake Superior, We have Au- 
thority from all the parties concerned therein to Assure You they 
shall think it an honour to have you concern'd with' em therein. 
The King & Council have referred all proceedings to the At- 
torney & Sollicitor General for their Report upon the powers we 
have asked in the patent, Which, we have no doubt will be 
favourable, & that we shall soon obtain our Charter. Under 
these Expectations we have been at the Expence of sending out 
M r . Bostwick & M r . Baxter to explore the Lake & have already 
advanced for each Share being in all 28/£35 IP Share, and hav- 
ing also agreed to advance farther £20 upon each Share in order 

384 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to forward such necessaries as may be wanted upon the Lake the 
ensuing Summer we are obliged to call upon all the parties for 
their proportion, & as We are appointed the Committee for the 
Concerned We must beg the favour of You to pay to the Order 
of M r : Alex r : Baxter our Agent, who will write You herewith, 
the sum of £55 Sterling when and in such manner as it may be 
most convenient to him, 

We are most Respectfully 

Your Obed 1 . Serv*. 
Sam Touchet 
Alex Baxter 
Joshua Readshaw 
Martin Kuyck van Mierop 
Jn Townson 

INDORSED: 1 London 10 th . Feb 1 ?. 1770 

Letter from Sam 1 . Touchet 
Esq r . & ca . desireing me 
to pay £55 Sterk to Baxter 
& Bostwick as my Share of 
Some Charges accrued in 
Searching for Mines 2 ] ca . 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In 1 739 the Jesuit, Francois Nau, in a letter from Sault St Louis, 
mentioning the discovery of an inexhaustible copper mine on the shores 
of Lake Superior, at a distance of 700 leagues, expressed the opinion 
that the profits would never be large because of the cost of transporting 
the metal.— Archives de Quebec, Rapport de UArchiviste de la Pro- 
vince de Quebec) pour 1926-1927, p. 307. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 385 


Johnson Hall, February 10, 1770 
I have received your has Likewise received & 

Communicated | ] papers you addressed to him which 

] fully Explained the Affair & I have accordingly 
] the matter to the L'. Gov r . that it may be settled 
| Most agreable to the people, as from the State [ 
I Cannot but approve of the forming two Regiments [ 
and in Case it meets with the Governors approbation the [ 
way in my opinion for getting the most fitting persons [ 
Officers will be to write me on the Subject, recommending [the] 
persons best Qualified, and the Letter to be Subscribed by some 
of the Principal Inhabitants of your Township, — My pres[ent] 
hurry will not by any means permit me to enlarge on this Subject, 
but you may be assured that as I have the Welf[are] of your 
Township much at heart, I shall not Omit any occa[sion] that 
may offer for promoting it and putting affairs there on the best 
and most Agreable footing in my power. 

I am with Esteem 
indorsed: Feby 10 th . 1770 

To H. V. Schaack Esq r . 

A. L. S. 

New York 12: February 1770 

M r : Mortier being in the Country, I take the liberty [of] In- 
closing you the Generals Warrant in your favor dated 31*. of 
January last for £ 184:3-1 1, Sterling, with three Receipts as 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 


386 Sir William Johnson Papers 

usual for your Signature, which was sent here from his office three 
days ago, — Should it be Convenient for you to draw for your 
ballance or near it at Present, M r Mortier would be Glad, as a 
Sum is laid by for that Purpose, which should any Pressing de- 
mand soon become due, it might render it difficult to keep. 
I am with great Regard, 

Your most Obedient, and 
most Humble Servant, 

W M . Newton 
[Sir W m .] Johnson Baronet 

indorsed: 1 N York 12*. Feb**. 1770 

M r . Mortiers Letter 
w th . a War 1 . recp ts . &ca 
for £184.. 3.. 11 Ster'g. 
being Col. Clau's accts 
Ans rd . 2 1 sl . Ins 1 . 

A. L. S. 

New York the 12th Feby. 1770 

It gives me very great Pleasure to receive another Letter from 
you, by the Accounts Roberts has given me of you I was afraid 
you was too much indisposed to be able to write to any Body — 
enclosed you have an Account of the Articles you have order'd, 
for which please to give me Credit — Hamiltons Toothache 
Medicine was Sent on Saturday by M r Thomas Shipboy, who 
will take Care to Send it you by some Safe Conveyance & the 
other Things Shall go this Day by the Post to the address of 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 387 

I observe what you Say about the Concern Daniel Deniston 
had in the Oneida purchase, in Answer to which I have now to 
advise you that 16,000 Acres of that purchase has been long 
advised to be granted to M r Oliver DeLancey & the Widdow 
Graham but neither of them have as yet taken out their Patents, 
M r Daniel Denistons Share was included in the Above Quantity 
owing to his taking no Methods to engage for the Fees of patent 
along with Some other persons who applyd to me for that purpose 
however I am told M r DeLancey will give it up on Application 
I shall See him this Week & shall mention the Matter to him 
Daniel Denistons fees will come to about £70 — You tell me He 
has paid the Purchase Money & Surveying Expences in his Life 
Time, which is indeed very true but the Money for that purpose 
was lent him by M r William Proctor in this Town [who] I find 
has applyd to the office for Letters of Administration | 
Securing his Money on Deniston's Estate — I have applyd to 
[M r ] Proctor & have prevaild on him to be quiet about this 
majtter untill I shoud hear from you about, which He is 
very [ ] to do, firmly relying on your Honor in the 

Matter [ ] I might presume to Say any thing 

about it without Jtation of Impertinence, I must 

confess it appears to [ ] poor Proctor, that 

he Shoud be deprived of [ ] which was lent 

out of pure Good will to Deniston and without this piece of Kind- 
ness in Proctor, it is very pr[obable] Deniston would not have 
had it in his power to have paid [ ] for the purchase or 

any thing Else about the Concern, [ ] Truth of this Mat- 

ter Proctor desires I will referr you to [ ] Silvester in Albany 

who has in his Hands the Original pap [ers] relative to the Trans- 
actions; Proctor had much rather you [woud] Administer than 
He; but He desires me to begg You will be | | to do what 

you Can to Secure his mon<-y for him in the b[est] manner you 
Can, which He Says He is very willing to ref [er] to Yourself — 
I therefore begg You will instruct me what I [am to] Say to 
Him on this Head 

388 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Croghan is in Town Sure Enough Poor Man, He is now con- 
find to His Bed & has been for some time past [with] a pretty 
Severe Paroxism of the Gout, which He bears like [a] Lamb and 
instead of Swearing like a Trooper as Some Reprobates would 
do under Such intolerable Pains — He, on the Contrary Poor 
Soul, does nothing but pray and talk about the Sufferings of the 
Inner Man, which He thinks far more [of] than those of the 
Body — the poor Gentleman has sometimes a few Qualms about 
the Tricks of his Youth, which Now [& then] come out with 
heavy Sighs & Groans — in Short it woud [do you] a world of 
good to hear him talk when perchance a T[winge] catches him 
by the great Toe. 

My Wife joins me in Sincere Respect to You [ 
believe me to be with great Truth 

Sir your most Hble Serv[ant] 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bart 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 

New York, 12 Feb*. 1770 
Dear Sir 

I most heartily rejoice to hear of your Amendment, I just now 
have told that good news to Doc r Magra who desires me to testifie 
his Satisfaction thereon 

I have not yet had An Oppertunity of laying my Accounts 
before the General I have waited on the Governor about the 
Location for Capt Claus & me he & M r . Banyar say it would be 
necessary that you should mention in Letter that may be laid be- 
fore the Councill in Case of any objection, that you & the other 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 389 

proprietors in the Purchase, of Achilles Preston & others, 1 are 
content & agree that we locate on them Grounds, which I pray 
you may send by the return of the Post. Capt McLeod dont 
seem inclined to locate on that Spot as the Land, he thinks scarce 
worth while 

I hope S r . as you was so Kind to tell me You would not have 
any objection to my being [conc]erned in that purchase you 
would reserve 5000 Acres, & make a Minit or 


M r Corny. Leake & others have petitioned [ 

pur] chase a Large tract of Land running [ 
Branches of the Hudson River back north of your late purchase. 
I was | | opposite Side of the West Branch would not 

till I came back as perhaps I might be off[ered a] 
mandamus for Land. 

I find by M r . Wallace & others that Rog[ers" is] making a 
noise in England, he might keep me [in] hot Water if I have not 
Such Letters from you [as] may gain me protection. 

Every body seem pleased at the Confinement [of the] Amer- 
ican Wilkes 1 Except M r . Scot & some few who Visit him, its 
thought for fear he'd Squeal [ ] are sending about printed 

Cards, & doggerel Verse [ ] both Sides, a paper Called, 

the Outlines Ab[ ] by the Name of Sawny. M c . Milk- 

man, as [ ] formerly Carried buckets of Milk. 

The was a concert a Friday last a Man p[layed] on the 
French horn as sweet as the Voice itself. Capt Campbell Of the 
Ilinois, being at the [point of] death in the House hinderd the 
Ladies [ ] 

1 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 468, 469 and Calendar of Coun- 
cil Minutes, p. 540, 549. 

- In the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester, Mass. is Roger's 
journal of proceedings with the Indians at Michilimackinac. — Manu- 
script Records of the French and Indian War, prepared by Charles 
Henry Lincoln. 

3 Alexander McDougall, later a general in the Revolution. 

390 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have no more to add but my [ for your family' 

Welfare & am 

Your [ ] 

[ ] 


The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
at Johnson Hall 
His Majesty's Service 


Johnson hall Feb* 1 6 l K 1770 
Dear Sir/ 

It was not till the arrival of the last post that I was favored with 
your Letter of the 6 th . Nov r . — M r . William Andrews Mentioned 
as the Bearer was indeed here in Dec r . but never Mentioned any 
thing of it tho' he brot me other Letters, The day before yester- 
day I rec d . a Letter from him from N York from whence he is 
sailed for Europe, wherein he inclosed yours. 

M r . Andrews When here expressed a desire for the Mission at 
Schenectady and as he is related to a principal Inhabitant of that 
place, It will be a Circumstance much in his favor and the 
means of promoting the ends of his Appointment, so that I think 
he will Answer very well & I have given him my recommenda- 
tion to the society — 

After the Fort Stanwix Treaty, I wrote M r . Smith on a Sub- 
ject in which you were both concerned, namely about a Tract of 
Land, I have not been able to find any that would Answer you, 
The only Tract in which I was concerned in any of their pur- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 391 

chased Lands lyes to the Northward, & upon Examinat n . Con- 
sists of so much rough Land that a Small Tract could not be 
obtained without culling it out which those concerned would not 
allow of — Last Summer I wrote yourself, on the subject of the 
Missions here & concerning some Young persons bred at Phila- 
delphia that had been recommended to me by M r . Peters, to Sup- 
ply them, but Never received your Answer, I am so fully per- 
suaded of the Sincerity of your professions of Esteem for me that 
I did not Impute your Silence to Any Neglect, and you may be 
Assured that there is not the Least grounds for your attribute, 
mine at any time to the endeavors of any person w h soever my 
Indisposition Last Year, & the Hurry of business on my return 
from the seaside, Interrupted my Correspondence with you for 
altho' I may not Always even when I have Leisure have a Sub- 
ject to Write on, I esteem your Correspondence so much that I 
would willingly say something to you, whenever I could, and this 
you may be assured of that no attempts have been made to Lessen 
you in my Esteem, or if there had, my friendship is not to be so 
easily removed, on the Contrary I shall always be happy to See 
or hear from you whenever either is Convenient, being 

with great regard 

D r Sir 
The Rev d . M r Barton 

INDORSED: Feb? 16 th 1770 

To the Rev d . M r - Barton. 

D/. 1 
Johnson hall Feby 16 lh 1770 


I am much pleased at the occasion which has Introduced a 
Correspondence with a Gentleman whose Character I much 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

392 Sir William Johnson Papers 

esteem, and I am much obliged to you for the favorable opinion 
you have of me & of my regard for the Interests of the Church of 
England. — I have indeed taken some pains as well to promote 
its interests as to recomend them to the favorable attention of 
Government, and I heartily wish it may in the end be successfull, 
with this View Missions at Albany, Schenectady, The Mohocks & 
this place have been recommended, the necessity of them shewn, 
and they have been fully approved of, but the three last are still 
Vacant, as we have not been able hitherto to procure Missionaries 
owing to the Want of Ordination here & the Scarcity of Clergy- 
men in England, as I find from the Societys Letters that there are 
scarcely enough to serve the sev 1 . Cures there, this is a Very un- 
lucky Circumstance for the Church here, & altho the sallarys are 
lower than I could wish them, yet considering the very scanty 
allowance for some of the Clergy in England, I attribute the want 
of Missionaries here as much to the Want of Men in Orders as 
to the Low Salb, and I am Certain that since the purchase of D r . 
Barclays house & farm, A Missionary in possession of that might 
do tolerably well with the Allowance from the society at Least 
better than he could at many of the Missions on the sea Coast. — 

I have heard of the Appointment of the popish Missionary in 
Nova Scotia, I understand he was Sent there by Gov r . Carleton 
who seemed to think it necessary, be it as it will I think that the 
Conciliating the Affections of the Tribes there is an object of 
much Less consequence than in this quarter where the Nations are 
in every respect intitled to much superior attention, however I 
fear that any recomendations, or other motives which may have 
induced Gov', to settle the Missionary there will not incline them 
to settle any this way on considering the plan of oeconomy now 
adopted, and altho I shall take an opportunity of mentioning this 
Matter to his Majestys Ministers in a becoming manner, yet I 
am very doubtfull of the Success for a variety of reasons too 
tedious to Mention — 

I am so sensible of the Weight and Justice of your Observa- 
tions on the subject that I cannot help taking part in it and doing 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 393 

what is in my power to shew the reasonableness of Governments 
attention to these Matters in the Mean time I hope that the Vener- 
able Society & Clergy will Continue their endeavors to procure 
the necessary Missionaries. — 

I am Glad to hear that M r Andrews is sailed and think he will 
Answer very well for one of the Missions particularly Schenec- 
tady where he has some Friends, that can by their countenancing 
him, render him of more use there than almost any other who 
should come as a Stranger to that place. — 

I shall be always Glad of any opportunity of testifying how 
much I am, with Esteem 

Sir &c 
The Rev d . M r . Inglis 

indorsed: Feby. 16 th 1770. 

To the Rev d . M r . Chas s . Inglis. 


A. L. S. 

[Kinderhook] 16 February 1770 


I had the Honor a few Days ago to receive your very obliging 
Letter of the 10th Instant. — If the Governor forms the Militia 
here upon the [officer] ing you have been pleased to recommend 
we shall immediately recommend the [of]ficers in the way you 
desire: In doing this be assured Sir that the leading [pe]ople here 
and those who have the welfare of the Township at heart will 
] d up many things for Securing and perpetuating the union 
which has latterly [taken] place here, the People have Seen their 
danger and they are determined to [ ] in the 

opposition to their Enemies. My B r . Writes me that the Gover- 
nor after laying our Petition &c before the Council had deter- 
mined to [ask] Col°. R. . . .r for a State of the Regiment and 
return of the Commissions that he had resolved to Create two 
Regiments between the Manor of Livingston [and] Rensselaer 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

— If a Return of the Commissions is truely made it will be a 
[very] curious one, if an erroneous one is made the maker will be 
detected as the [Gove]rnor has materials to enable him for a de- 
tection. I am very apprehensive Jill be in no hurry to 
make the returns in hopes of a Change in the Government. 
] with the truest Love & Respect 


Your most obedient 
& obliged humble servant 
[ ] begs her respectful H V ScHAACK 

] and She would be 
] — You was pleased 
] me leave to put 
] Request to 

[ ] 


The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: [Kinderhook 1 6 Feb r y. 1770] 

[H. V Scha]ack Esq r . 

A. L. S. 

Albany 1 6 lh February 1770 

I now inclose your Vouchers for the provisions I Issued this day 
to the Eusopus Indians, which Vouchers you will be good enough 
to Sign and to Transmit me as soon as convenient, as I shoud like 
to have this Voucher included in my Accounts to the 24 th . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 395 

I have been desired to have my Provisions now Remaining in 
Store Cooperd, and Ready in case you shoud send for it, which 
is now done, say about 

50 Barrels Flour 

& 20 odd Barrels Pork, 

I am with great Respect 

Your most Obd' Serv 1 . 
Jn°. Monier. 
[WiJlliam Johnson Bar 1 . 


Sir William Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hall 


[M'. ] 

Df. 1 

Johnson hallFefc I6 ih . 1770 


I lately rec d . your Letter of Nov r last and I recollect your 
having formerly wrote to me on the Subjects you Mention in 
which or any thing in my power I should be glad to afford you 
my Services 

The pot and pearl Ash Manufactory has been for [some] 
years Carried on upon My Estate at a little Town I am erecting a 
mile from hence, and the Business has succeeded extremely well. 
M r . Adems who carries it on now in the place of him who began 
it is assisted with proper German Workmen who make it so good 
that it Generally bears the first price, and the Situation here 
amongst a large Number of Tenants constantly clearing lands 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

396 Sir William Johnson Papers 

gives it the Advantage of many others. — but as Adems carries it 
on entirely on his own accot and I have very little leisure to at- 
tend to matters of that Nature I know little or nothing of the 
process. This much I have observed that it is very Simple, 
The Salts are Extracted by putting the Ashes into Tubs and pour- 
ing water on it which is Carried off by Cocks fixed in them, and 
as for the dimensions of Kettles &a I apprehend there is not the 
least necessity to be at the Expence you Mention, any more than 
there is for Iron hearths as the Superior Quality of that made 
here will Shew which is done [ ] Brick Hearths, In short the 

principal thing is to get [ ] honest Men well acquainted with 

the practical part, which as [I have] observed is so easy that had 
you an opportunity of seeing it [ | on here you would Soon 

understand it sufficiently to be guarded [from] future Imposition, 
however I shall see to procure you the | | send it as soon 

as my leisure will permit — 

[I] Assure you that you need have no doubt of my friendly 
regards [ ] for you, Tho the Distance & Variety of 

buisness may corresp] ondence, the Sentiments of every 

body here continue [ ] but doubtless Letters 

will at sometimes miscarry [ ] you the begins, 

of 1 768 In ans r . to a Letter of y r [ he] de- 

sires his kind Compliments to you, as do [ 
for your Success Sir, 

A. L. S. 1 

Albany 18*. Feb'. 1770 
D R . Sir 

I have but just time to acknowledge the Receipt of your 
Favour of 14 th . ins'.; and to acquaint you that I have applied to 
M r . Hun on the Subject you mentiond who immediately con- 

1 In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 397 

sented to your building any House you pleasd, but refused seling 
any part. I am to have it from under his own Hand When I 
will forward the same to you — I shall also write to Eusopus T ] 
first opportunity about the Stones — I hope to be up within ten 
days or a fortnight; in the mean time am Sir 

Your most respectful 

& Obed 1 . Serv 1 . 

Sam l . Stringer 
P. S: M rs . Stringer 
presents her Comp ts . to you, 
& please to make mine to 
M r . Daily & Gamble 
To Sir William Johnson 

A. L. S. 

New York 19* Feb^v 1770 

M r . Roberts arrived here some time ago with [mojst alarming 
accounts of your bad state of health which gave great [un] easi- 
ness to every body but to none so much as to Normand Ma Leod 
[an]d his little Wife, but thank god we have since been informed 
of [you]r recovery, I hope my Worthy Friend Col. Guy is also 
recovered [T] here's little or no news here at present what make 
the greatest [no]ise here is the Confinement of M r . MacDougal, 
and the observation [of] one of the prisoner when MacDougal 
was sent to jail which [was], Fine times indeed a son of liberty 
sent to jail and the liberty [po]le put in Irons, 1 which are both 
facts, you have heard before [n]ow of their Method of flinging 

1 The fifth liberty pole was raised by John Lamb and others on 
ground of their purchasing. It was cased two-thirds of its length in iron, 
sunk 12 feet in the ground, and bore the inscription "Liberty and 

398 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Corporation who (refused them [gro]und to put up the 
liberty Pole) by purchasing a spot of their [own] on which it is 
now erected in spite of them, in consequence of there [ 
(I mean the Corporation) they published the enclos'd advertise- 
ment [ s]end a News paper extraordinary which perhaps 
you have not [seen] The Sons of liberty have also purchased a 
House 1 I think from [ they wanted it to Celebrate the 
anniversary of the repeal [of the stamp] act in it and to rent it 
but Col. Morris would not rent it [ ] what he would sell 
it for he answer'd £600 which was [ ] by 100 of 
them who laid down their six pounds each There's an other 
liberty Pole put up before this House with 45 [ ] on it which 
was put up for my Country men to scratch themsel[ves] on. I 
have this moment purchased the enclosed paper called Juni[us] 
which they tell me is a very inflammatory piece as it is but just 
co [me] out and the Post going away I have not time to read it. 
I should be happy in hearing from some of your good family as 
I [am] still oneasy about your wellfair 

M rs Mac Leod sends you her most respectfull Compliments and 
Joins me in Sending the same to all your Worthy Family 

I am 
With great esteem 
Your most Humble 
and most obedient Ser'. 

Nor d . MacLeod 

I am Just now informed that the scratching Pole for [my] 
Country men was pulled down Saturday night not known [by] 

INDORSED: Feb r y. 19 th . 1770 

Cap 1 . MacLeods letter 

1 The Liberty Boys named their house, on Broadway, Hampden Hall 
after John Hampden, the English patriot. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 399 

A. L. S. 
Schenectady 19 th February 1770 


I am fav d . with your Obliging Letter of the | Inclos- 

ing Your Bill on M r . Mortier for £162:18:7 ]/ 2 for which 
[acce]pt of best thanks. I am much Obliged to you for your 
offer [of] lands about Scohare if I determine to Purchase there 
will acquaint you after my Return from NY — in the mean 
[tim]e I send T° your express 2 tt Tea which is all we have [at] 
present the River seems to be brakeing up therefore will [not] 
detain Your Serv'. shou'd anything occurr that I can [do] for you 
when below fav r me with a line 

I have the honor to be 

Your Hum e . Serv' 
James Phyn 
[The Honb e .] SlR W M . JOHNSON Barn'. 


To The Honorable Sir William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 


Letter Feb^y. 19*. 1770 

A. L. S. 

New York 19 February 1770 


I received your most agreeable fav r . of the 10 Ins', with the 
Inclosures, thanks are too poor for the Obligations you daily 

400 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Confer On me. I must wait Some favorable Oppertunity to 
Convince you by Actions the Grattitude of my Heart. 

Rivington has a most extrordinary Letter from London 
which Says that Major Rogers was presented to His Majesty & 
Kissed his hand, that he demanded redress & retalliation for his 
Sufferings, the Minister asked what would Content him, he 
desired to be made a Baronet, with a pension of £600 S*. ^ and 
to be restored to his Government at Michilimackinak & to have 
all his Accounts paid. M r . Fitzherbert is his particular friend 

Rogers has got his Sallery from G:Carleten as Govern [or] 
his Expences at Montreal & c . were paid him here, he has got 
them again in England also his Acconts for his Expedition to the 

Stedman has presented large Accomts of losses & damages 
Sustained, & is likely to have them paid [ ] I suppose & 

shall find a Strong party against me [ ] . the fear of that 

alone made me trouble you for [a recommen]dation, 'twould be 
so dishonorable to see that [ ] notice of & I that have 

served 13 years [ ] many Capacities em- 

ploy'd, not taken [ ] wou'd be too great 

for Our [ ] 

Billy Bayard has Wrote that he was [ | to the King, 

who said a great many flattering [ ] to him, he told his 

Majesty, that he was one of [his] Majesty's best Subjects, but 
that no favors hi [s Majes]ty could confer on him, would bribe 
him to sel [1 the] Interest of his Country, 1 he adds that Lord 
D [unmore] & he are to Come Out in the Same Ship in June 

Lord Dunmore dont bring his family till he | ] how he 

likes the Government, he is a very active M[an] Loves walk- 
ing, & riding, & is a Sportsman 

1 The members of the committee appointed October 1 8, 1 764, by the 
New York assembly to correspond with other assemblies and with the 
agent of New York at the British court in opposition to the Sugar Act 
and other acts were Philip Livington, William Bayard, Leonard Lis- 
penard, John Cruger and Robert R. Livingston. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 401 

Billy Bayard, says that he himself goes by the [name] of the 
plain American, he has not yet altered his [ ] dress 

There is a paper Signed Junius printed from [an] English 
paper, 1 at Boston which is the most Insolfent] possible against 
his Majesty, in Short the would act as a Gentleman 

Shake hands with the popfulace?] and conclude with saying a 
revolution put the [Crown on] his head & a revolution & c — 

The packet Sails a thursday if my [ ] wth I 

expect by the return of Col Croghans [ ] Sail in 

her. if not I shall go by a Lond[on ] Sails the 1 st of 

March, I wish Adamfs ] here to send in her 

'twould bring [ 

As the Clamor may be in fav r . [ ] think I 

am unreasonable [ ] See Occasion add 

| Ministry or some other friend 
that may be usefull [ ] to Support me against the 

oppression of party. I am 

Dear Sir 
] given my acc ts . Your most oblidged 

[to the] general but have not Faitfull & humble Servant 

] him since, I have attended 
[sevjeral times B ROBERTS 

[Rivington] I have desired to send you 
[the particulars of his Letter also the paper 
you was desirous to see our Rules 
| Patrick I send you my book 

1 The letters of Junius appeared in the Public Advertiser, which was 
directed and published by Henry Sampson Woodfall. Their appearance 
extended from January, 1 769 to January, 1 772, following a series and 
preceding a series attributed to the same pen, though bearing different 
pseudonyms. Critical examination of these anonymous satirical papers 
haa led to the nearly unanimous opinion that the author was Sir Philip 
Francis, a brilliant and embittered politician of that day. 

402 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

N York Feb 19, 1770 

[I expect] ed writing to you, Sir William, by M r [ 
as prevented. 

[The inclosed] peice, published in London last Janua[ry 

not help sending, it exhibits to you ]dness 

the barefacedness of our political wri[ters] who are suffered thus 
to affront the majesty [of Eng]land with impunity. 

| news I sent up by M r Roberts's Express anticipated 
all] that which the pacquet produced last week. [The 
Co]mmons of Ireland, altho they have agreed [ 
augmentation of the Military Establishment, [have] not provided 
a fund for paying it, and a | | of resistance is still ex- 

pected. Flood' & [Pery ?], two mighty patriots, have aposta- 
tized, [and] now Support the Ministerial measures. [Gener]al 
Gage was on y e 17 th of November appointed to] the Govern- 
ment of New York but before [his co]mmission was ready Lord 
Dunmore [ ] & obtained it. 

[It is thou]ght on y e Royal Exchange that Hostilities [are 
al] ready commenced by France against our [Falkland] Settle- 

| Sardinia threaten the Conquest of 

] Embassador has left Berlin & the prussian 
] a General war is expected this [ i]s 

thought the Ministry will not | ]ment, the Duke of Rut- 

land 2 & his | a] re leaving them in disgust. 

one of y e 16 peers about 35 has eight 

1 Henry Flood, an eminent Irish commoner, afterward member of the 
English House of Commons, born in 1732, died in I 791. 

2 John Manners, third Duke of Rutland. 

:; Lord Dunmore was one of the 1 6 Scottish peers in the House of 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 403 

]th child, he is a plain affable [ 
] and I fancy will prove no [ 
] an side in this City. We have ( 
Faction, a wretched demagogue 
you must have ken[ 

We expect a Vessell from Bristol [ ] The transac- 

tions of parliament &c [ forwarded as soon as she 

arrives & I am [ ] of the particulars. 

I am 
Sir William, 
Your most faithfull [ 

Ja Riving [ton] 

S R . W M . Johnson Bar 1 . 

The following is extracted from a Letter 1 [I received] P pacquet 
from England 

"Rogers talks very high of his Usage and d[emands] large 
Terms, to be created an English Baronet [and have] Six hundred 
pounds a year with a majority in t[he Army] or he would not be 
Silent. They have given [him all] his pay as Governor of 
Mischilimackinac [to this] time, but they have paid the accounts 
of the Exp [edition and] Boats, he sent from the abovementioned 
post [to make disco] veries in the back Countries, to one Carver. 2 
M r [Fitzherbert, who] is his friend, says he will have Something 
[for with his] cursed impudence he hums all the [great people 
and] I firmly believe, he will succeed beyond [what every one in 
Ame]rica, who knows him, could Expect." 


S W m Johnson Bar 1 

Johnson Hall 

turned portions supplied from a copy printed in Journals of Major 
Robert Rogers, ed. Franklin B. Hough, p. 257. 
2 Jonathan Carver, an American traveler. 

404 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Fort Pitt February 20 th 1770 


On my arrival here found several Shawanese and Delaware 
Chiefs waiting with impatience, and you will see by the enclosed 
Copy of their Speeches to me the situation of their Minds, I 
understand several of their people have been Killed last Year 
which gives grounds to a great deal of their discontent particularly 
as no Step has been taken to Condole with them agreeable to 
their custom for their loss, another cause is the constant Practice 
of Stealing their Horses in return for those carried off by the Six 
Nation Indians from the white people, for I do not find that those 
Nations have been Guilty of any outrage or this pernicous Prac- 
tice, which will undoubtedly at last draw on broils that must 
inevitably destroy the Friendship subsisting between them and us, 
let their inclination be ever so great for Peace — , which I do not 
find to be the case for I am informed there has been a Plan cer- 
tainly on [foot] amongst them some Years past to strike the 
English which [it] seems is not yet ripe for execution otherwise 
they would not [so] tamely bear the injuries they so loudly com- 
plain of without a [ but the prospect of the blow 
falling more effectually when [ | western Nations 
with the Southern Indians are brought into the League flatters 
their revenge, and to this [ | I find they have had Deputies 
again all the last Year throug[hout the] Western Nations as well 
as amongst the Chickasaw's [and the] Cherokees to the South- 
ward, the latter are returned with [an] account from the Chero- 
kees that a Number of their Nation w[ill] be at the lower 
Shawanese Town in the Spring to Council, [ ] occasioned 
the Shawanese Chiefs to hurry home from this p [ost, ] Messengers 
being sent for them, their other Deputies being also expected, and 
the Great Meeting which those Nations ha[ve] been labouring 
to bring about so long is certainly to take pi [ace] this Spring 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 405 

when the Peace is to be finally settled between the Cherokees and 
all the Western Indians, as the Wabash Confed[eracy] who 
prevented its being finished last year are now reconcilled [to] the 
Shawanese and they are brought into it so that they are now [ 
full hopes that nothing can interrupt them in accomplish [ing 
designs, having had also three different Messages from the | 

] on the other side of the Mississipi to encourage them to 
] the English and one this Winter promising 
them their [ 

This information I have had from one of their [ 
who likewise tells me that after this General Peace ( 
amongst them and all their differences amicably [ 
other, their intention is then to proceed to this pi [ace 
a redress of such Greiviances as they have to [ 
and if they do not meet with a reparation that will be satisfactory 
to them they are then to pursue their own measures. — 
The bussiness of those Chiefs who have been here last summer & 
Fall was to keep an Eye over the Conduct of the English and Six 
Nation Indians as well as to keep their own people Quiet as any 
rash proceeding from them might be detrimental to their gen- 
eral Scheme, and this it seems was their reason likewise for not 
joining the Six Nation Indians when called upon to strike tho' 
they have the Wampum delivered them on this occasion still in 
their Possession — ,It is certain that notwithstanding this seeming 
Peacable disposition they are still laying up and have now a 
greater Quantity of Amunition than they ever had before, Some 
of them have acknowledged this to me saying it was their Duty to 
provide for themselves while they saw us repairing our Fort, this 
is a matter that gives them cause of Jealousy and is I understand 
to be one of their first requests to have it demolished. 

There will be undoubtedly a very great number of Indians 
here the insuing Spring or Summer, and if measures are not fallen 
upon to remove their uneasiness probably may be attended with 
some [d]isagreeable consequences. — There is nothing else ma- 
terial come to my knowlege since my arrival should any occur 

406 Sir William Johnson Papers 

while I am here I shall not delay to inform you in the 

mean time I am Sir, 

your most obedient & very 
Humble Servant 

Alex r . M c Kee 

[ ] 




Ten Shawanese among whom ware three of the principal Chiefs 
of that Nation delivered the following Speeches — several Dela- 
wares being present. The Red Hawk Speaker. 

The Alarming accounts so frequently brought to our Towns 
from this Post, was the cause of our coming here last Summer as 
the situation of things seemed to threaten our Peace with the most 
dangerous Consequences and tho we did not give Credit to all the 
bad News which we heard from you, thougt best to come and 
speak with some of our Wise Brethren the English upon it, in 
order to Stop if possible the public Breaches of our Friendship 
then carried on — , but we are sorry to say that on our arrival 
found all we heard was true and worse than even had been repre- 
sented to us, for to our grief we have seen a continuation of the 
same bad practices carried on before our Eyes ever since without 
being able to stop them. Brother the black Clouds are gethered 
so thick over us that we have lived in darkness for some time past, 
but we hope soon to hear from [ou]r greatest and Wisest 
Brethren amongst the English | ]n we expect they will aford 

all the Assistance in their [pow]er to disperse those dark Clouds 
that the Sun may [shine] once more in Peace and amity upon us, 

1 Inclosed in letter of Alexander McKee to George Croghan, February 
20, 1770. 

Post-War Fbriod, 1 763-1 774 407 

and that we [may be enjabled to preserve y e friendship so dear 
to us our [ ] Children — , But we have reason to 

fear that [ ] heard of our hazardous situa- 

tion or [ King of England has 

withdrawn the protection so often promised us in Co[uncil] and 
by these Belts. — 

They shew'd several Belts of [Wampum] 
delivered to them by Sir William Joh [nson] 

it is not our custom to complain of the injuries | 
receive without first giving the transgressers time to consider] 
upon them, but we have experienced it to be yours on | 
least misconduct of any our foolish young Men, we | 
our parts expect that when a Wicked Man commits a crime his 
wisest Friends will apologize for him and make up the Breach 
occasioned by his evil deeds contrary to their intentions. — Now 
Brother it is almost two years since we have had an oppertunity of 
hearing any of ou[r] wise Brethren the English speak in Council 
and the abuses which we have to complain of daily increas[e] 
without a probability of their meeting with any immediate] re- 
dress from them. 


We have hitherto sat with patience and seen our | 
taken Possession of by your people in Arms appearing [more] 
like Warriors than friends they have Murdered and | 
several of our Hunters and their families the [ 
of the disputes between them and the Six Nations [ 
say have sold you the Country) falls upon [ ] for 

both their faults. — Brother the Six N [ations have no more] right 
to sell the Country than we have ] made us 

has alloted us a sepperate [ ] where he has 

placed us to live ] Six Nations as 

our elder Brethren and as such have listened to them while we 
found their advice good, but their power extends no further with 
us; they always deny to us having agreed to your taking posses- 

408 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sion of this Country and have sent us Wampum to join them in 
striking your people for it to convince us of their disapprobation. 
Our wisest Chiefs have had great trouble in preventing some of 
our rash unthinking young Men from taking hold of the invitation, 
particularly having had no satisfactory account of this matter from 
you in Council concerns us very much and involves our Chiefs in 
difficulties with the provocation given us by the people we look up 
to be wronging us; Our Brethren the English have Laws 
amongst them to guide the folly of their young people and Govern 
the Wicked minded this is an advantage we have not, yet their 
people pay less regard to justice than we do, but we must sup- 
pose it is without y e knowledge of our wise Brethren. — The 
Commanding Officer our Brother has been a Witness of every 
thing that has passed [here] and no doubt will make a faithfull 
representation [t] hereof. As we have spoke our Minds freely 
we desire [you] to communicate what we have said to our father 
[Sir] William Johnson, and likewise to our friend M r . 
[Croghan] who we expect to see here in the Spring, & let him 

]ill be Chiefs from the Southern Indians as 

] the Western Nations to speak to him 

] , nothing more to say but inform 

you that we set off Home to Morrow and to request the attention 

and serious consideration of our Wisest Brethen the English upon 

what we have said. 


Shawanese | 

A. L. S. 

T , c Sunday 21 st . February J 770 

Honered Sir y y 

I Recevid Yours and whrote to M r Van Schaick to Send up 
the Spindle by the furst Appurtunity I hoop Simon Brazen is up 
with you before now as he Left this Tursday Last I understand 
that M r Farrel Wade is up Your way I am in good hoops of 

Post-War PeKiod, 1 763-1 774 409 

Gitthing my twinty pounds from him Now as Coll: Clauss was 
the Bearore of the 50 Dollers to him I am with harty wisshes 
Sir Your Most Obedient Humble Servant 

Jn° B V EPS 
By the Bearor Comes a 
Legg of Vinneson for 
Mad m : Mally 

Sir William Johnston Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 
INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

John B Van Eps Esq". 

A. D. S. 

[Johnson] Hall 23^ Feby 1770 Then Red. of Sir William 
[Johnson] B l . the Sum of Twenty pounds on Acc f . of [John] 

Johnston Smith at Caiyua as Witness my [han]d 

[ ] Adam Staring 

indorsed: [ ] 

[ i 

on Ace 1 , of Jn°. Johnston 

A. L. S. 
SlR Hermitage, Fcbn>. 24 th . 1770 

The late heavy rain Prevented M rs . Duncan & I doing 
our [selves] the pleasure of waiting on you, being fully resolv'd 
and the | fi]x'd, and as I am now makeing ready to Set out 

for York, wee | a little longer postpone what we both 

are Sorry for, 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

410 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Amongst other things, I shall when below, am Certain from 

] Is with [ ] e get the Pattent for the Land on your 

rear [line] which has been almost too long undone, & as a bond 

[for the] Lieu f . Gov rs . fees from Such of the Concern'd as can 

] at Present raise cash Will answer that 

wi]ll Cheifly be fixd by me, wou'd be 

glade to [ wi]ll fix your Share for 5000, Acres 

in like [ t] he rest, or if You'll give directions 

to [ ] t it. 

] I mention'd to Da : Colden 1 the [ 

my inclination to have Some [rank 
] Eldest officer" of the [ 
]d be done, that [ I 

might in that case apply to you, which at an [ | I intended 

on Seeing you, and from your former [ ] and many Acts 

of friendship almost innumerable both to] me & my Connections 
Convinces me you will [have no] Objections, and if So, I beleive 
the Lieu'. Gov[ernor] will have none, On my return from 
York ] do mySelf the Hon r . to wait on you, And 

[in] the mean time, with the Most Sincere [ ] of this 

Small Family to you & yours [ 1 worthy 


Your [ ] 

ever obligd [ 

Jo[hn Duncan] 


A few lines in Ans r . 

to me in York will 

Much oblige 


The Honble [ 





] 1770 

1 David Colden, youngest son of Lieutenant Governor Colden, whose 
private secretary he was. For sketch of family see Samuel W. Eager's 
History of Orange County, p. 245—48. 

2 John Duncan was commissioned November 6, 1 763 captain of 
grenadiers, 2d battalion, Albany county. 

Post-War Paiod, 1763-1774 411 

A. L. S. 

Albany 24 ih . Fete. 1770 
Dear Sir 

I was favourd with yours of the 22 d Ins 1 T^ [Maj r .] Fonda, 
and have this day waited upon M r . Tho s : Hun, who I believe 
will be satisfied with any thing that his Brother in Law, Philip 
Lansingh agrees to (who is a part owner) at least he said he wou'd, 
& seems to be sensible of the advantages that woud arise from 
your building there. He was just going in the country, and M r . 
Lansingh, who I afterwards called on was also from home, [so] 
that I can get no further Answer until Monday, when I will make 
it my Business to get a determinate one, which I will let you know 
by the first Opportunity — 

As you sent me no particular dimentions for the [Mi] 11 Stones, 
I have orderd them to be rather larger than the [mid] die size — 
The Ice is now thought too bad to venture upon, 

therefore they cannot be got up until the River | | when, 

as there are several of our Sloops now at Eusopus [which could] 
get no farther last fall, you may depend they will [ 
first, I have engaged one of the Skippers to bring [ 
immediately forward them from here. 

I wish you had sent me some Lines, or Boundaries of the 
of Ground you want, which shoud be mentiond in 
what [ever] Agreement is made — 

I am sorry to hear that Gamble has b[een] long indisposed 
with the Blues; I shoud be glad that | | wou[ld] introduce 

him to some of his fair Penitents, by whose | he might 

probably find means of being Restored; for [ appre- 

hensive that so long a Paroxism, must be 1 I by a conges- 

tion of prolific Humours 1 which again, is well know to ere [ate] 

1 Words omitted. 

412 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Anxiety & Disorder in the Mind, & Body, by mea[ns] of a cer- 
tain order of Nervs stiled Sympatheti[c] 

If he chuses to be better informed of his sta[te I] woud refer 
him to Col : Guy Johnson — 

Please to give my Comp ts . to the whol [e | and 

I am w fh : respect 

D r . Sir 

Y r . most [ ] 

Sam [uel Stringer] 
To Sir William Johnson 

indorsed: [ ] 

Doctor Stringers Letter 

Df. 1 

Johnson Hall Feb*. 24 th . 1770 
Dear Sir, 

I am favored with your Letter of the 8 th . Inst by the Convey- 
ance you Sent it — Concerning the proposed Meeting, I have 
already wrote to the Secy of State, & Stated the Necessity there is 
for my agreeing to Meet the Indians & the difficulties I am under 
from the unavoidable Expences that must attend it, observing that 
as it must Exceed any thing that can be spared from the Allow- 
ance for the Department, I must rely on the Governments reim- 
bursing me on that head, and that I shall endeavor to Conduct, 
myself In such a Manner as to make the Expences as little as 

The point which induced me to State my Embarrassment to 
you was Least after having taken up Goods &ca on my own 
Credit the Government might not incline to pay for them, and as 
this may for ought I know be still the Case, I must act very Cauti- 
ously on the occasion, and in whatever manner the Meeting is 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 413 

held, endeavor to Lessen their Expectations of presents as far as I 
can with Safety. 

I am Extremely Sensible of and much obliged to you [for] the 
kind Concern you Express for my health, which is [some] thing 
better Since M r Roberts's Departure, but as the [cause] remains 
fixed, I must Expect frequent Severe returns [which I] fear can 
be only palliated. 

I am always with the greatest Truth 
& Regard Dear Sir &ca 


A. L. S. 

New Canaan 25 Febr$ 1770 


As You have been good enough to Communicate [ 
there is a Strong Probability that a Regiment [will be rais]ed in 
the district we belong to, and as you | ] er that the Sense 

of the Township is like [ ] about the appointments of 

officers — we [have] consulted with some of the principal people 
[and] concluded upon the Inclosed list — which we [ 
you will forward to Sir William Johnson for | ]on — As 

you and your Fathers Family [ ] men we doubt not but 

you'll be so good as to [ ] Recommention with your 

good offices — We [have c Jailed a Regular Town Meeting 
upon this | fear of dessentions — We have therefore 

[inse]rted Such Names, as we think will give most | If] 

they should be appointed as if coming from the [ 
Johnson we dare Venture to say that the [ ] le will be 

intirely satisfyd — The [ ] hereabouts intirely ac- 

quiesce with y r . ]ntment of Cornelius Van 

Schaack [Ab'm Van Alstyne and Peter] Vosburgh Esq", as 
Field officers [ hope these matters will 

Soon be brought to a Conclusion. ] minds of the 


people from this [ 


We Remain Respectfully 

David Wright 

Sir William Johnson Papers 

] on account of the late ap- 

Your Most [ ] 

Sam ll Baldwin 
William Warner 
Solomon Deming 


Henry Van Schaack Esq r 


A. D. S. 1 

[List] of Persons Recommended [for] holding Commissions for 
the [Tojwnship of New Canaan & New [Le]banon 

Hezekiah Baldwin Captain 

[A]sa Doughlass Jun r . 1 Lieu 1 . 

William Warner Ju r . 2 D°. 

David Wright Ju r . Ensign 

Mathew Hawlley, Captain 

1 L 

eiu 1 

Daniel Buck — 
Aaron Kellogg — 2 D°. 

Wallace Hurd Ensign 

Thomas Skinner Cap'. 
[E]lijah Skinner 1 Lei'. 
[I]saac Harlow 2 D°. 
[Job] — Thurston — Ens: 

David Wright 
Sam Baldwin 
William Warner 
Solomon Deming 

Inclosed in the preceding letter. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 415 


D. 5. 

Rec d : of Johanes Empey forty thin bords and ten thick bords 
open the order to Mr Snell for had no more to Spare 

boards am', to 2 15 

To Rideing of Stone timber and Bords 

[To] five Days 8 s F 1 £2 

1 29Sk:wheat3 F } 4 7 

£9.. 2 
Teb'y. 25'h. 1 770 

Rec d . of Sir W Johnson Bar 1 , the 
above acc f . in full — 


Hannis — Empey 


A. L. S. 

New York26Febv. 1770 
Dear Sir 

I am vastly uneasy least some indisposition has prevented you 
or Any of the family writing to Any body here by the last post. 

General Gage was so busy Answering his Letters by the 
pacquet that I could not see him & by M r . Maturin's advice I 
wait for a passage in the Brittania wch will sail without fail the 
next week 

Yesterday M r . Maturin told me the General Could not pay my 
Accounts, that it was S r . W m . should have paid them, Maturin 
acknowledged to hardship of the last Account falling upon me & 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

416 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I convinced him of the necessity of the Expence Capt Glaziers 
certificate will not be paid likewise for Interpreter Tucker. I 
have also mislaid a Certificate of Capt Glaziers to myself for ab' 
£2 1 so that I am Near £600 — Short of my Expectations, nor do 
I know how to pay off money that has been advanced me, to sup- 
port me against the nefarious parties in Canada 

I cannot account for General Gages behaviour [to] me after the 
Kind Letter you wrote him, & my [servjices & attachment to 
him, he gives little encour[agem]ent to be his Friend. I suppose 
when I [ ] England Rogers's party will attack 

[ ] innumerable, I cannot retreat now [ 

sujpposed I was frightned if I changed | 

] faith & dependance he's in your pro- 
tection & friendship. are now Convinced that there 
are pe[ople in] Service bad Enough to desert. I knew | 
he is a handsome Sensible Villian [ almost as many 
bad Actions as Roger [s ] much more Courage. If Rogers 
is Reestablished after (?)] his Conduct in America, I suppose 
I [shall be] punish'd for attempting to Stop his pr[actices. My] 
Mind is far from being at Rest seing [how] I am received at head 

I mentiond to Colonel Claus [ ]nng a Line from you 

concerning Our ] the Surveyor General will not give 

Any [ ] he sees your consent in writing 

The Chamber of Commerce 1 are go[ing to] get a Charter to 
Establish themselves [ ] body which is a vast hurt to the 

Lawyers [ ] of them are already going to live in the 

[Country] for want of business, we hear that, Otis [may come] 
from Boston to plead for M c Dougal.~ 

1 The New York Chamber of Commerce was founded on April 5, 
1768, chartered by the King on March 13, 1770. 

2 James Otis at that time was too far incapacitated, by the assault 
made upon him in the preceding year by a customs officer, to be equal 
to any great effort. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 417 

I hope to have the happiness of hear[ing from you] before I 
go, my adress in London will [be at the] Mess rs . Davies Strachan 
& C°. [ ] I am with the most Gratefull [ ] 

Your [ ] 

[ ] 


The Honorable 

S r . W M . Johnson Ba[r f .] 

A. L. S. 

[New York, February 26, 1770} 

] rejoice most heartily to find you | ]y 

letter; may you be soon perfectly | | your pristine 

good health. 

[The en]terprising Spirit of General O Reiley 1 New] 

Orleans has called for the attention [of the c]ommander in chief 
who has just [ord]ered a thousand Tons of Shipping to be got 
[ready for] Sea directly to send the 16 th Regiment [in garr]ison 
here, to pensacola 2 where they will [be un]der the Command of 
Brig Haldimand [who wi]ll have some other Corps there to 
watch the [ ] er of Gen 1 Reiley who is sensible, | 

and, by nature, a Soldier. 

[A ru]pture with the Southern Indians, expected | 
Spring, and perhaps some other particulars [ J by the Last 

pacquet may have occasioned [uneas]iness, more than Common, 
in our General, | ]y thoughtfull & reserved. I believe 

1 Count Alexander O'Reilly, Spanish governor of Louisiana, who 
reduced a French uprising in New Orleans in 1 769 by drastic military 

2 The 1 6th regiment sailed from New York for Pensacola on May 

3d, 1770. 


418 Sir William Johnson Papers 

he [ | a War with one or both of our usual Euro[pean 

fo]es. I had a private hint by the Halifax | | England. 

]he Ministry had come to a Resolution of [ 
Command in America to another officer, [ ajny 

reasons to the disadvantage of the pre [sent ], but be- 

cause he had possessed it [ ] 

| fancy, since one of the Enclosed [ 
at Johnson Hall, in [ ] I have Sent it. 

] ents to S r . John Col Guy 
humble Serv 1 

[J AS. Rivington] 

[Sir William Johnson] Bar 1 

[at Johnson] Hall 
[His Majesty's] Service 



Kinderhook 26 February 1 770 

A list of officers Recommended to the Honorable Sir William 
Johnson Baronet to be appointed for a Regiment of Militia to be 
formed at Kinderhook and its Neighbourhood for the Township 
of Kinderhook 

Cornelis Van Schaack Colonel 

Abraham Van Alstyne Lieu'. Colonel 

Peter Vosburgh Major 

Peter S. Van Alstyne Adjutant, with the Rank of 

Lieu 1 . 
Abraham Hugunine Quarter Master with the Rank of 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 419 

Henry Van Schaack Captain 

johanis L. Van Alen 1 Lieutenant 

Franse Vosburgh 2 ditto 

John Pruyn Ensign 

Andries Witbeck Captain 

Jacob Van Valkenburgh 1 Lieutenant 

Abraham I. Van Alstyne . . . 2 d ditto 
Silvester Salsberry Ensign 

Dirck Goes Captain 

Stephen Van Alen 1 Lieutenant 

Johanis Van Deusen 2 d ditto 

Ephraim Van Bueren Ensign 

"S a 

Sri * 

France Van Bueren Captain 

Johannis I. Vosburgh 1 Lieutenant 

Petrus Gardinier 2 d ditto 

Johanis D. Vosburgh Ensign 

Myndert Vosburgh Captain 

Johanis Pet rs . Vosburgh 1 Lieutenant 

[Pe]trus Van Slycke 2 d ditto 

[Johan]nis M. Van Alstyne. Ensign 

[Cornelis] Van Schaack Ju r .. . Captain 

[Melgert Van] Derpoele 1 Lieutenant 

[Abraham Van] Derpoele. . . 2 ditto 
[Dirck Gardenier] Ensign 

Philip — Van Alstyne Captain 

Barent Van Derpoele 1 Lieutenant 

Lowrence Goes 2 d ditto 

Isaac Van derpoele Ensign 

420 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York the 26 ih Febm 1770 

I have at present no News to trouble you with [the] Sickness 
of my little Family Confines me to the House So | | that 

I have not an Opportunity of geting any, however M r [Rivi]ng- 
ton tells me he Sends you all the News and he is a much [better] 
Correspondent in that way than I am, M r . Grace before he left 
| told me that you was so good as get the hatts made by 
your [hatter] for me into your possession, if so I'll be much 
obliged to you [if yo]u'll send them down as soon as possible 
that I may have them [made] fashionable. I hope to have the 
pleasure of seeing you in per [feet] good health in two or three 
weeks. I hope there's some prospect [of som]ething being done 
in your Department that will save me [from] starving. If Col. 
Croghan is with you give him my Comp ts . [Te] 11 him I committed 
a great mistake in saying what I did [ | Concerning Phyn 

and Ellice. M rs MacLeod sends you her [respe]ctfull Comp ,s 
and Joins me in the same to all the [ 

I am 
Your most obedient Humble Ser'. 
Nor d . MacLeod 


The Hon ble . 

Sir William Johnson Baronet & ca . & ca . & ca . 


Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: [N York 26 th Feb'y 1770] 

Cap* MacLeods Letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



ro i Albany 26 February 1770 

when I was at your house I left a Draft on Your Desk, which 
was drawn by Col 1 . Massey on you for £50. dated in Montreal 
the 30 July 1 767 en [do] reed by Matthew Wade; if you find it 
you'l [p] lease send it inclosed to me or my Sister, and if it shou'd 
be found by any Person, and presented to you you'l please not 
pay it. I wrote to M r . Adems concerning it the 9 th . Instant, but 
has not received his Answer. 




Your humble Serv 1 . 
Barent Van Alen 


Sir William Johnson 


Johnson Hall 

indorsed: [Albany Feb r y. 26 th 1 770] 

[Barent Van Alens Letter] 



A. L. S. 

[Kinderhook26 ih . February 1770] 

By some late accounts from New York we are flattered with 
hopes [that] a Regiment of Militia is soon to be formed in this 
Township and the Neighbouring [depart] ments. 

As the appointing of the officers is of a good deal of Conse- 
quence [to] this Township and as there has been much uneasiness 
lately on Account of some appoint [ments] for a Regiment said to 
be for that part of the Manor of Rensselaer Wyck which lies at 

422 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[Cjlaverack — Tending (as we apprehended) to Establish 
Claims to Land — We therefor take the [fre]edom of inclosing 
you a List of Persons whom we think properly qualify'd to hold 
[com] missions. — As the appointing of those Persons will tend to 
unite the People and [sujpport the Interest of the Township we 
Should be happy if their Names meet with your approbation 

The favourable attention you have always Shewn to the wel- 
fare [and] prosperity of the Inhabitants of the Province in Gen- 
eral makes us hope that you will [on] this occasion give us a 
farther proof of your regard — Your forwarding this matter 
agreable [to] the wishes of the People will lay us under very 
particular obligations. 

We remain with the Sincerest wishes for the continuance 
of Your health happiness and prosperity 

] Gardenier with Respect & Esteem 

] DENIER Your most obedient 

] IS VADERPOLL humble Servant 

] Van Derpoell Tobias Van Slick 
] burgh Jacob Gaerdenier 


] Andris Gaerdenier 

] Johannis I. Gardenier 

] Hendrick [ ] 

] Barent van Buren 

] Johannis S Go[es] 


Guys bard Sharp 

Tobies Van Buren 
Dirck Van Buren 
Santys Goes 
Lukas Goes Ju r . 
Cornelis Van Alen 
David Van Schaack 

Post-War Per'wd, 1763-1774 423 

Lowrence Van Dyke 
Lucas Van Alen Jun r 


The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 


ro -I SpencertoWn 26 FehruV. 1770 

As you are doubtless acquainted with the general [ 
that were against some late appointments [ ] be for that 

part of the Manor of Renselaerwyck which | ] t Claverack 

and as we hear that it is likely there [will s]oon be formed a 
Regiment of Militia in this Neigh [bourh]ood we have taken the 
freedom to inclose you [a lis] t of Such Persons to hold Commis- 
sions, as will please [the p]rincipal part of the Inhabitants — 
Your generous & [interested Concern for the welfare of this 
County induces [the [ hope that you will on this Occation be- 
friend us, so [that] we may be commanded by Such Persons as 
have [the] Welfare of the Township and its Neighbourhood 
[at] heart. We Wish you all manner of prosperity [and] Re- 
main with the utmost respect. 


Your most Humble Servant 
[The] Honorable John Dean 

[Sir Wi]lliam Johnson Samuel Hutchenson 

[B]aronet Thomas Raney 

Simon Spencer 
Jonathan Dean 
-r Timothy Brainard 


The Hon b,e 

Sir William Johnson 

424 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Hartford Feb» 27 1770 

I have been acquainted by M r Chew of your generous offer of 
lands to some of your friends here, of which number you did me 
the Honor of being one, I have a gratefull sense of your kindness 
in the offer, nothing is wanting towards my accepting it very 
readily but Cash to pay the Indian purchase & fees, I have lately 
made a small purchase here that has exhausted my little stock, 
so that I am not able to advance money at present; I thought 
myself under obligation to acknowledge your favour, and give the 
[re]ason of my not taking up some lands [tha]t you might not be 
in suspense, if I [shou]ld be in cash before the lands are taken 
[up I s] hall be glad to take up some still. wi]th per- 

fect esteem 


your most Obed* hum be Serv 1 

Nathan Whiting 
[Sir Wm. Johnson] Bart 



D r . Sir William Johnson [Bar]t with Sir William Baker C r 

Years dividend due 5 July 1 768 on 

£2600—3 (' Cent ConsoR Anny. £. .39 - 
Cajsh rece d . of Robert Randall at Pay 
Once, for half Pay, due [to] 
Lieu 1 . Guy Johnson from 25 
July 1763 to 24 Dec' 
1767 £183.11.8 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 


] Deduct for Kings Warrant 
& sundry Fees of Office. 

6. 5.- 177.6.8 

] Yi Years dividend due 5 Jan>\ 1 769 on 

£2600—3 # Cent ConsoR Anny. 

] D° 5 July, ... on D° 


£ 294.6.8 

1 768 Feb 9 To Balance of Your Old Acco*. 

Adjusted this day 

1 770 Feb 28 To Postage of sundry Letters .... 

— To Commission Yl ^ Cent Re- 

ceiving £294 .6.8 

— To Balance due from Sir Wil- 

liam Baker, 


INDORSED: 1 State of my Ace', with Messrs 
Baker to 28 lh . Feb'?. 1 770 

Ball. Due to me £251.. 9.. 11 

1 On the back are several calculations, followed by the statement in 
Johnson's hand: "Janr>\ 5 th . 1 772 will be due to me £3901 . .9. . 1 1." 

426 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

London the 28 Feb*. 1770 
Dear Sir 

At my departur from Newyork my affairs did not [gi]ve me 
Leasure to pay you my respects So as I intended, because The 
Villainous proceedings of my Partners. The Trustees of the 
American Comp>\ obliged me to hasten & to attack my Ennemies 
in Open field in London & I have already had the Satisfaction to 
defeat Some, & I do not doubt or I shall have the same Success 
with the others, I hope that this Short Apology will plead 
Excuse for not having thankt you Personally for the Honour & 
Civilitys You have favour'd me with. I wish to have it in my 
power to be of any Service to you in this Coun[try] & therefore 
offer you all Services depending from me. 

Concerning Political Matters, the News Paper [infor]m you 
of the Clamour & Discontent which | | this Nation, or 

in part of it without fundation, nothing but Scandal & abuse goes 
forward, they write | | present with more freedom then what 

1 "Peter Hasenclever, a German, born at Remscheid, in 1716, came 
to this country about 1 764 as the representative of the London Company. 
Within three years he is said to have built a furnace at Charlotteburg 
(on the borders of Morris county) , and three miles further down stream 
a 'finery forge,' with four fires and two hammers, capable of making 250 
tons of bar-iron a year single-handed, and from 300 to 350 tons double- 
handed; and a mile lower down still a second forge, of equal capacity. 
He introduced many improvements and increased the capacity of the 
forges. Governor Franklin appointed a committee to examine into his 
acts in behalf of his company, with whom he had gotten into difficulty. 
This commission reporting at Newark, July 8, 1 768, testified to the per- 
fection of his iron works, and that he had introduced many improvements 
in manufacture . . . Hasenclever was justified by a decision cf 
Lord Chancellor Thurlow in England, after a long litigation." — A Hi$~ 
tory of Morris County, New Jersey, 1 :24, Lewis Historical Publish- 
ing Co. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 427 

at other times they [ ] talk, or in Countrys where Confession 

& Inquisitfion] establishd may Ventur to thinck. 

There never was a Minister more abused then [the] Duke of 
Grafton, tho I can not find that that Nobe[lman] has Comitted 
any thing which his Predecessors have [not] done, or his Succes- 
sors will Comit. I believe if | Almighty, in a manner of 
Speaking was to Set up Minister in England, I doubt 
much if the People w [ ] be Content with his administra- 
tion, an English [ ]terd Should be of a Composition of 
Copper Iron & St[ &] have as much Wisdom as Solomon, & 
as much Cou [rage] as Alexander the Great. 

Patriotisme is a meer ampty Sound in [this coun]try, those 
who are out of administration want | | which desire is 

the Source of all the Discontentment] & pretended Grievances; 
as in reality I do [ ] there is any thing which deserves 

Con[ ] 

These Phantoms of Complaints, are the Cause that hitherto 
] American Grievances have not been taken under Con- 
sidera[tion] . However the Day is fixd on Monday the 5 
March 1 [w]hen the Fate of America is to be decided by Parlia- 
ment. ] tho all what has been Said in favour of this affair, 
Still [t]here are People who think America of Little Importance 
to Great Britain, a Personage of Great influence desird me 
Some days Ago to give him my opinion of the importance of 
America to England, I wrote a Letter to him, & first proved by 
Clear arguments that there were about 2,500,000 inhabitants in 
Am ca amongst which number were 380,000 Negro Slaves | 
that of this Number 1 ,500,000, were Cloathed in Am 411 manufac- 
tures, that yearly for about £2.500 000, of linen [Eng]lish 
Hardwares & woollen goods & East India Comod[ities | part 
for Luxury were imported from England to [Ameri]ca, & that 
this quantity 1 was consumed by the remaining mi]llion, reckoning 
only at £2. 10 s Ster & head. [I shewed] him farther by the 

1 On March 5, 1 770 the House of Commons repealed all the Towns- 
liend duties of 1767 save the tea duty by a vote of 204 against 142. 

428 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Clearest proves that the North Am ca . trade was as important as 
the Spanish trade to all South America Colonies, as to Mexico, 
Bay of Ho[nduras] Tierra Firme, Buenos Ayres, Chily, & Peru, 
wh[ilethe] Sonorous Treasur Silver & Gold which they recieved 
f[ ] Returns did not Exceed £2:600,000 Ster V annum, 

& for all this immense Sum they Used only 6400 Ton o[f] Ship- 
ping. & that the North American Exports alone, including what is 
Send from England to America, or th [ ] of the Newfoundland 
Fisheries which are a Separat article [amoun]ted to 217,000 
Ton of Shipping p r . annum & the Principal Value o[f] these 
Cargoes to £2,220,000 str ^ annum, without the amount of the 
Newfoundland fisheries which amounts [to] about £500,000 
Ster more ; however as there appears £2 [ ] difficiency in the 

exportation against the importation [ ] Great Britain, it must 

be reasonably Supposed that [the] diffidence is got, by freights 
Insurances & Profit | | that if you take all the North Amer- 

ican Prod[ucts from] Newfoundland to the Missisippy together, 
they [are more] important then all the Spanish Silver & G[old 
the a]nd which Sound is So 

agreeable in every mans Ears. [A]nd it is to be observed that 
the Spaniards are obliged to [p] ay most all their Silver & gold to 
foreingers for their Manufactures by which they purchase these 
Precious Metals, but it is not the same Case with England the 
American Products Rice, Wheat Flour, & Fish, are Send to the 
Portugeese Spanish & Italian markets directly from thence & 
Indeys. Rice Tobacco Furrs, which are Send Direct to Great 
Brittain are again Re Exported & for which She recieves either 
gold & Silver or other Comodities more Valuable to her in Re- 
turn, I will only name a Singel article of Luxury which is reEx- 
ported & which is Tobacco — & to what its value only amounts to 
W annum to Great Britain as a clear Profit. 

The Two Provinces of Virginia and Maryland Send every 
[ ] to Great Britain from 80000 to 90000 Hh^ of 

tobacco w]hich are ReExported on an Avarage above 

70000 Hh d . which [ ] present price of £13 s" $ HH<* 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 429 

amounts to £910,000s ,r [ ] 160000 more thent what 

all the Exports from finland [ amount to which in 

1 763 when I was in that Kingdom [ ] £750,000 

^ annum. 

I Shewd further that the Present Demand of Woollen | 
for Germany was only Pro Tempore, & which was 
by the Great Demand which the German Coarse W[ 
Manufactures Establishd in Brandeburg, Saxony & 

County of Glatz had, for Hungaria Turky & Polla[nd] on ac- 
count of the Russian & Turkish Ware — So that [ 
Manufacturers Could not provide their Usual Customers] in 
Germany & therefore they were obliged to have recours to Eng- 
land. & that after the War was finis [hed] in those Countries the 
Demand Would Cease. — & [then] the English Manufacturers 
would raise a Clamour [ they had No Commissions 

from America. 

I concluded my Letter — I ask every American if the Colonies 
are not worth Preserving & | | encouraged in raising raw 

materials & to divert th[em from] their Manufactures, by which 
means a florish [ing trade] will for Ever Subsist, but if Such Laws 
are [ ] which promote Manufactures, the whole tr[ade 

As the North American Manufactures are a Natural Prohibi- 
tion of the Importation of English Manufactures, it must Cer- 
tainly appear a Mistery to the world, that England makes Treatys 
of Commerce with forring Nations to allow The importation of 
her Manufactures under the Payement of a Havy duty. & that 
She Neglects her Colonies where She has an exclusive trade with- 
out paying Dutys. I have Used these Arguments because they 
are out of the Commun tract of reasoning on the American Sub- 
ject, which I hope will occasion Some reflection amongst our 
Great People, & may help to Contribute to the Reconciliation be- 
tween Great Britain [&] her Colonies. I could Say more in 
favour of America on this Subject, but I have already exceeded 
the Limits [ | Letter & fear to be tiresom to you 

430 Sir William Johnson Papers 

However I Shall only add that the Roumour [of a war] be- 
tween France Spain & England which was [ ]ed Some 
time Ago, is entierly Vanishd, & I believe [ ] ye 
Peace for Some time, as according to the Old Proverbe — Point 
d argent Point de Sui [ ] as the Treasories of all Nations 
are ampty, it is tru[e the] French take an effective Remedy to 
fill their Coffers [ J by an arret or Placard they in one Stroke 
demin[ish] 50 p O of their Debts by lowering The Interest So 
m[ our Neighbours the Dutch cry very loud about the 
[breach] of Faith, but the French are So inexorable, That 
th [ ] not only would Lent them a Handkershief to wipe their 

The Russians flatter themselves to Say Mass before the Expira- 
tion of this year in S ta . Sophia at Constant [inople] they have now 
already a fleet of 21 Ships of the Line a[nd] 9 frigats & Bomb 
Ketches in the Mediterranean w[hich] are to be joind by 12 
Ships more, there are also num[bers] of Transports with Troops 
on board, & a vast [ | of Arms & Amunition, to furnish 

to the Greks [, who] are ripe for an Insurection if the Russian 
Successfull, the Grand Seignor might be obl[iged 
his Residence of Constantinopol. w]ith 

the Projects of the Great the same as with those of Particulars as 
Dryden Says — Designe what-er you will, there is a fate which 
Over rules us Still, however we must allow that the Present 
Empress of Russia is a Princess of Great Merits, if her Scheems 
Succeed the Russian Empire will be Exceeding Powerfull — who 
Should have Said Sixty year Ago when the Moscowits were only 
a Degree better then their Bears that Now they would be formid- 
able to Europe, & Send Such fleets to the Mediterranean. 

I do not Know if my affairs will Permit to take an other Tour 
to America, but this I am Resolved to Carry on affairs in this 
Metropolis & to [c]ultivate I hope an agreeable & Profitable 
Correspon[den]ce with my American friends, it will give me 
Exceeding great Pleasure to hear that your [self] and 
Respective famile Continue to enjoye Health & Happiness, & to 
recieve your Commands, meanwhile I beg to Present my Re- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 431 

spects to Sir Jo[hn] Colonel Guy Johnson & Colonel Claas. & 
to be ass[ured] that I am with the greatest Respect. 

Dear Sir 
Your most obedient & most 
Humble Servant 
Peter Hasenclever 
M rs & Miss Hasenclever present 
their Respects to Sir John Johnson. 

[Sir William John] son Baronet 
INDORSED: 1 M r . Hasenclevers letter 

FebT. 28 th . 1770 


A. L. S. 

rc -, [NeuoYork] 28Feb». 1770 


I Doctor Magra. acquainted me | occ]asion 

for some Spaw Water [ Lisbon W] ine — Makes me take the 

[liberty to] Write — and Should you have ] for any 

Quantity I should be [glad] of y r Commands — I remain 


Y r m st obed* S l . 

Isaac Lattouch 

] allso most kind of Liquors. [ ] Currents 

Raisins Sweet Oyl. Lemons Rhennish Wine or old 


The Hon e S r . W m . Johnston. B f . 

Johnston Hall 

[Le]tter from Isack Lattouch 
Merc 1 . 

In Johnson's hand. 

432 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

Dated Spencertown, March I st . 1770 
[The] Subscribers Desire the Nomination here after | 
may be Sent to Sir Wlm. and to have you transcribe [ 
Names to the Petition to him 

Captains Nathaniel Culver 

Solomon Hutchinson 
1 st Lieutenants Ithamer Spencer Solomon Hutchinsons 

Abner Hawley Col vers 

2d Lieutenants Ezekiel Baker Hutchensons 

Elisha Pratt Ju r Colvers 
Ensigns Samuel Dean Colvers 
Israel Spencer 

John Dean 
Samuel Hutchinson 
M R Henry Vanschaack Thomas Ranney 

Simeon Spencer 
Field officers for the Regement 
[Cornelius?] Van Schaack Colonel 
[Peter?] Vosburgh Lieutenant Colonel 
[Hezekiah?] Baldwin Major 

] Humble Servants 
[Sam]uel Hutchinson 

I ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 


Mr Henry Van Schaack 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



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Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Albany 2 d . March 1770 


Since my last, I have spoke with M r . [Hun] & M r . Lansingh 
together, who desired me to inform [yo]u, that you shoud have 
the Spot of ground on your own [te]rms. M r . Hun further 
added, he shoud be up [ea]rly in the Spring, & woud give you 
any security for it you thought proper. I thought to have been 
[u]p by this time myself, but Business has hitherto prevented it. 
M r . Gamble is safety landed, or rather [H]oused, for he stirs not 

I am d r . Sir 

Y r . Most Obed 1 . Serv'. 

Sam l . Stringer 
indorsed: 1 [Albany 2 d . March 1 770] 
Doctor Stringers letter 

A. D. S. 
William Johnson To Jn. B. V. Eps D'. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

S D 

To 1 Dozyn Tea cups & Saucers & 

baskett £ . . 6 9 

] To Harmanus Wendel for Yl Load of 

Iron . . 5 . . 

To Cap 1 . John the Moheecan Indian 

with his party 
And the Shawence D°. for Victuals & 

Drink pipes & Tob°. 

1 1 14 6 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


] 1 5 To Peter Fonda for 1 waggon Load 
from Albany 
To John Sanders for 1 Ditto Nails & 
Grind Stoons 
]29 To Jn°. B. V. Eps 1 Hhad Ditto 
To 7 Skippels of white sand 
] 3 To 1 battoe Load Sent to Douw e Fonda 
at Cagnawag 
To Joseph Proctor Ruben Simons and 
Patrick McKerty Each @ 16.' 
To 2 Hundred Oisters & the Cask 
To there Rum & the hyre of the battoe 
3 To Cornelius Peeck for Riding 1 hhad 

Rum M r . G: Tice 
8 To Jn°. B. V. Eps for I hhad Molas- 
ses D°. 
10 To Abraham Groat for 1 hhd of Rum 


D°. To Tunis Potman for 1 hhad of Ditto 

12 To Jacobus V. Eps for 1 hhad of D°. 

D°. To 34 Waggon Loads of Indian Corn 

D°. @ 10/ 
12 To 1 battoe Load Sent to M r . Fondas 
To Ruben Simons Price McCorgin & 

Patrick McKerrty @ 16/ 
To 1 battoe Load D°. by Thomas 
Organ Joseph beerman And Robert 
Shiphard Each @ 16/ 
To 3 Setting Poles @ 2/6 d . 15/6 To 

3 paddles 1 8 d 4/6 d . 
To 2 Oars @ 2/6 5/ To there Rume 8/ 
To Class Veeder for Calking A battoe 
] 13 To Jn°. B. V. Eps for D°. 1 Load of 
Sugar &c. 


10 .. 

10 .. 

10 .. 

8 9 

2 8 

8 .. 

8 .. 

10 .. 

10 .. 

10 .. 
10 .. 
10 .. 

2 8 

2 8 




Sir William Johnson Papers 

To Jn°. B. V. Eps for Riding 1 Pipe of 

wine from Alb?. 
To 1 battoe Load to Cagnawagoe by 
Ruben Simons Bixbee & James Eng- 
lish @ 16/ 
To there Rum 4/ 

[ ] Albert Meebe for Riding I Pipe 

of wine 

] Battoe Load to D°. fondas by 
John & [ ] Van Dreesen & Isaac 

Truax each @ 16/ 

] poles & 2 paddles 5/6 to there 
rum 3/ 
[ ] @ 5< 55/5 d . To the Butcher 

] to D°. by Henry Farckson 1 
] George Deruto Each @ 1 6 J 
] & there Rum 3/ 
[ ]ax 














]ed over 
Brought Forward 





5 th To 1 Battoe Load Sent to Cagnawagoe 
by Aswerus Van Vorst Isaac Truax 
& widow Wemples Negro @ 16/ 

To There Rum 

To the Mohecan Indians for Victuals 
& Drink &c 

To 1 Battoe Load to D°. by John 
James Andrew Dunlap & David 
Ramsey Each @ 16/ There rum 3 
9 To Quaiackhoe Isaac Truax s . & the 
widow wempk Negro 

To 2 Setting poles 6/ for Calking A 
battoe 8/ 

To John James Andrew Dunlap & 
David Ramsey as D". 


12 1 

Post-War Perod t 1763-/774 



D°. 14 














To Dudly Davis for 1 Load frut Trees 

from Albany 
To Jacob Potman & 2 More or A batto 

Load to Cagnawgo 
To Petrus Mebee for half a batto Load 

to D°. 
To the half Lone of the batto & the Rum 
To Jesse Dan 1 . Degrauf & 2 men More 

& there Rum 
To John Post & Abraham G. Lansing 

Each @ 16/ 
To the Lone of the batto & Rum 
To Jesse & Adam Condy & John Hall 

Jun r . @ 1 6/ there rum 3/ 
To the Mohecan Indians 2 Galons Rum* 

6/ & To them Victuals Pipes & 

Tobacco 3/6 
To Albert Mebee for Riding 1 pipe of 

To Simon S. horn for 1 Load Trunk & 

boxes &c 
To John T. Hall for 1 D°. Tierce of 

beer & a 
To Henry Brewer Jun r . for Load A 

large box &c 
To Jacob Potman & 2 men More for a 

battoe Load to D°. 
To John Joutes & David Ramse for 

1 Ditto 
To the Lone for the Battoe & there Rum 
To Gerret N. Veeder for 2 waggon 

Loads of Iron 
To John Joutes & 2 men More Each @ 

To 3 Setting poles 7 6 & There rum 3/ 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

June 4 To Jn°. B. V. Eps for Riding 1 Load 

D°. 7 To Teunis Potman for D°. 1 hhad Rum [ 
D°. 10 To Jn°. B. V. Eps 1 Large bell for 

your Church 
D°. To Gerret Van Sant for 2 Barrels pork 

@ 9[ ] [ 

12 To Tunis Van Vleck & Adam Conda 

Each @ [ ] [ 

To the Lone of the battoe & there Rum 
D°. 1 6 To Teunis potman for Riding 1 Load of 
D°. To Jn°. B. V. Eps 1 Load D°. 1 Hhad [ 

D°. 19 To Abraham Groot for Ridi[ng 
D°. 20 To Joseph proctor & 2 men [ 
To Cagnawagoe w h . a Ne[ 
To Takerias Van Den [ 
To Abraham Van [ 
To George Fen [ 


[Brouglht Forward £125 2 8 

[ 1 Van Vorst Jun r for 4 Oars @ 3/ 1 1 . . 

& 6 paddles @ 18 d 
To 6 set] ting poles @ 2/6 d . 15.. 

To Jn°.] B. V. Eps for Riding fish & 

pork&c 10 .. 

To] 1 Battoe Load Sent to Cagnawagoe 
by John Davis and 2 men More 
] To Jn°. B. V. Eps for Riding 1 Load 

of 1 Tiers 1 barl Sugar 10.. 

] To the Mohecan Indians for Victuals 

& Drink 3 6 

1 To Jn°. B. V. Eps for Riding |/ 2 A 

Load 1 barrel & Sundries 5 . . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


] To the Sinneka Indian Osekwissehac 

3 J/2 Weeks Keeping him Self & his 

Horse @ 20/ 
] To A Cajogo Indian Ojenserakeerat for 

] To Benjamin Young for Silver work 

] To Remesnyder for Carrying Several 

things to Cagnawgo 
] To Claus Van Dervolgen for 2 Milks 

] To the Moheekan Indians for Victuals 

& Drink 
] To Jn°. B. V. Eps 2 Waggon Loads of 

] To John Davis & Marte N. Benthuysen 

to Canawgo Ec h . 1 6 
To the Battoe & there Rum 
] To Jn°. B. V. Epps I Load 1 hhad of 

Dry goods & 2 boxes 
3] To Jn°. B. V. Eps 2 waggon Loads 

Nails & boxes &c 
5] To Jacobus V. Eps & W m Erkson to 

M r . Fonda's @ 16/ 
To the battoe & there Rum 
3] To Aron Van petten for Shoeing y' 

7] To the Ondagoe Indians for Victuals & 

To 9 Waggon Loads of Goods 6c 

] To Thomas Flood in Cash 
] To John Davis & Joseph Carry to M r . 

Fondas @ 16/ 
] To the Battoe 4/ & there rum 2/16 

3 10 


• • 




• • 


• • 



1 .. 

1 12 


• • 


• • 

1 .. 

• • 

1 12 


• • 





4 10 



1 12 



442 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] To Jacob potman part of a batto Load 

for 16 
To] 2 Ondagoe Indians for Victuals & 

Drink 4 6 
To] Aron Clement with 1 waggon to 

the Hall 18 .. 
To] Caleb Beck for 2 Curry Combs & 

1 Brush 8 9 
To] Aron Van petten for Iron Buckles 

& franck 4 6 
To] Moheecan Indians for Victuals & 

Drink 7 

] ters work & Nails 1 6 

] Cotton Woll @ 3/ 12.. 

] @ 1/ 1 16 .. 

Indians for Victuals & Drink 4 6 

] A Load of Iron 5 . . 

] 2 More to Co 11 . Johnsons @ 14/ 2 2.. 

] 4/ 8.. 

] to Albany for Docf Consb 1 . 10.. 

] 6.. 

] Dryed fiesh 2 9 

] Victuals 2 Days 17 6 

[Carr]ied Over £157 12 6 

1770 Brought Forward [ ] 

Jan r y 3 To the Chuerkee, Sinneka & Cajogoe 

Indians [ 

1 7 To 3 bunch of Roape & James @ 5/ 
Febry 4 To the Skohare Indians going & Coming 

Do. 0[ ] 

21 To the Moheecan Indians for Victuals 

& Dr k . 0[ ] 

22 To the Taskarora Indians for D°. 0[ 
To Aron Van Petten for Storing y r . 

Liquors [ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 443 

To 1 6 Loads of Firewood @ 3/6 [ 

27 To the Moheecan Indians for Victuals 

&Drk [ 

28 To M r M c Cullom for bringing the 

Spindl From Albany [ 

To Timber To Simon Bragham 0[ 

To Isaac Truax for 4 barls freight from 

N. York 0[ 

Errors Excepted by Jn°. B. V. Eps £165 
Deducted 2 Dollars & 4/6 p d . by Frank 1 [ 

£164 [ ] 

March 2 d . 1 770 then rec d . of Sir M. Johnson 
Bar 1 , the above Sum in full of all Demands 
to this Day — 

Jn° B V EPS 
£ 164. .5. .9 

N. B 1 paid by Bill on Mortier £140 [ ] 

In Dollars 24 


Albany 2 d . March 1770 

Since my last, I have spoke with M r . Hun & M r . Lansingh 
together, who desired me to inform you, that you should have 
the Spot of ground on your own terms. M r . Hun further added, 
he Should be up early in the Spring, & woud give you any 
security for it you thought proper. I thought to have been up, by 
this time myself, but Business has hitherto prevented it. M r . 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

444 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Gamble is safely landed, or rather Housed, for he stirs not 

I am D r . Sir 
Y r . Most Obed'. Serv 1 . 

Saml Stringer 
indorsed: 1 

t ] 

Doctor Stringers letter 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

A.D. S. 1 

Johnson Hall March 3 d . 1770 

Pay unto Golds Borrow Banyar Esq r . of New 
Curcy York or order on demand the Sum of One 
Hundred & fifty Pounds New York Curr c >\, & 
charge it to ace', of 

Y r . Humble Servant 
To Abraham Mortier Esq r W Johnson 

Dep. Pay Master Genr 1 . 
New York 

A. L. S. 

Albany the 3 d March 1770 

I have the honour of inclosing you herewith a triplicate set of 
Receipts for the Provisions consumed at Fort Stanwix, and be- 
tween the Treaty and the 10 th of April 1769 — which Receipts 
I can assure you [ar]e exactly right and correspond with that 
which I have given myself 

1 In Johnson's hand. Banyar's signature on back of order. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 445 

If your Leisure will permit, I would be glad to have them 
Signed [an]d returned by the next express. 

I am, Sir 

Your most humble 

& much obliged Servant 

William Gamble 
indorsed: 1 Alby. 3 d . March 1770 

M r . Gambles Letter w ,h . 
a Sett of Recp ts . for provision 
Ans rd . 10 th . March 


A. L. S. 

[March 3, 1770] Saturday Night 12 oClock 

I did not receive your Letter till within a few hours ago being 
from home on a Jaunt of Business to New England — To this 
only [is due] that you have not heard from me before. I have 
collected the materials [for appointments in agitation which I 
take the liberty of inclosing you. I have [arranged them] all 
Collectively in the order most agreable to the Concerned as you 
will [ob] serve by the inclosed List in my hand Writing. We 
have not called [ ] Meetings but have Consulted with 

the Principle People and they have [ ] to the Persons 

recommended to your Consideration. It is intended that [ 
shall be pleased by those appointments. The People on the Con- 
tested Lands [ share in the Nominating of officers as 
youll be pleased to see by the list before referred to. Many 
of them were desirous that I should be appointed [a] Field Officer 
but this I have refused for considerations of a more interesting 
[nature?] In short Sir the Respect I have for you and the 

In Johnson's hand. 

446 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ambition I have of standing [ | your opinion has made me 

uncommonly attentive in forwarding this matter [on such] a 
footing as I hope and trust will meet with your approbation. It 
is [ ] that we May be a Regiment by ourselves intirely 

seperated from Claverack [who have] ever been troublesome 
Neighbours and would be more so now if we were connected 
with them. — This Neighberhood is daily encreasing and I am 
] shall soon be strong enough for two Battalions — I 
therefore repeat [ | in behalf of the Township that we 

may be Regimented by ourselves [ ] I have it not in my 

power to transmit you a List of the Inhabitants [on the west side] 
of the River by this Conveyance — but that is impossible until I 
see my [ | which will be to morrow when I shall get the 

necessary information [ ] by the first oppertunity that 

offers. The bearer [ ] to be with you to morrow after- 

noon and return with [an answer?] to this on Monday Evening 
or Tuesday morning — but this [ ] upon you. — Is there 

no possibility to get somebody [ — ?] I thank you for your 
attention to M r . ] selves in such a manner as that you 

will | | favour. — What follows an [ ]ernorand 

Council about Rensselaers Regiment "Your Petition is entered 
almost [ | minute of Council, and an order thereupon that 

the Commissions | & that they never appear as Evi- 

dences against Your Claims". [ ] that you have those 

particulars from a higher Authority. 

You will observe by our List that We have taken no Notice 
of [one of the] old Captains — The reason of this is that he has 
no interest in the Towns, [is so] illiterate that he cannot write 
his Name besides he is old and supe[ The other Captain 

was lately Killed — Thus much I thought proper [ ] least 

you should think we Neglected officers who have served in [ 

By the recommendation of the Spencer Town & New Canaan 

[People you] see the number of the signers very small this is 

owing to me least should think those appointments 

were Elective and thereby Pester you [with] different recom- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 447 

mendations. — Be assured Sir that the People who have [made] 
the recommendations are the principle People and those who 
have most [ ] among the Multitude. I know the Men 

will and dare recommend them. New Canaan has recom- 
mended for New Lebanon — The reason of this is that a [recom- 
menjdation from themselves cannot be trusted to. — Excuse haste 
and Incorr [ectness] the Express is Waiting, I remain 


Very respectfully 
Your most obedient 
& most humble servant 


The Bearer is a Reputable young Fellow You may trust to 
his sobriety & integrity in regard to any Dispatches you may have 
occasion to Send down to New York or Albany. 

Excuse the Clumsy Method our Neighbors have taken to 
recommend the officers — Officers for the Company at New 
Canan I have taken upon me to recommend, it was not proper 
those people should 

The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 
r f favor of Captain Byrne 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 447 is found a List of Persons recom- 
mended to be put in Commission in A Regiment of Foot to Comprehend 
all the Inhabitants living within the following Boundaries (to wit) to 
Begin at the creek by Major Abraham Staats's so along said Creek to 
the first Falls from thence East to the extent of the Colony and South of 
Rensselaer Wyck. 1 he list was inclosed in Henry Van Schaack's letter 
of March 3d from Kinderhook. It was destroyed by fire. 

448 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson Hall March 3 d . 1770. 


Dispairing of an Answer to my last letter in the time I expected, 
Occasions my Sending the Bearer, wherefore must desire that you 
will send me by him a List of Such Men as are best qualify d . for 
Officers in y r . parts, & that in the most Candid manner and with- 
out loss of time, You Know that besides the three Feild Officers, 
there are to be Ten Cap ts ., 20 Lieut s . Ten Ensigns, & an Ad- 
jutant to a Regiment. 

I have wrote also to a Gentleman living at Kocksackey for a 
list of proper Persons for Officering the Regiment to be formed 
on the West Side of Hudsons River, from the Rounds of the 
mannor of Kanslaerwick to the South Bounds of the County, 
which I hope will be an Impartial One. As I would by all 
means endeavour to merit the Confidence reposed in me by a 
Friend 2 — 

I am with Kind respects to M rs . Vanschaack Y r . Father 
Brothers &ca, Sir, 

Y r . Sincere Welwisher 
& Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
Excuse the Hurry I 
write in being 1 1 at night, 
& Just Stole away from a 
large Company — 

Sybrant G. Van Schaick 
who is to be Col°. ' 

Hennery Vanschaack Esq r . 

1 In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Autograph Letters, vol. x, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

2 Lieutenant Governor Colden. 

8 Of the regiment at Coxsackie. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 449 

A. L. S. 

Kinderhook, March 4, 1770 

[ ] 

This moment I am honoured with your very kind favor of the 
3 d . Instant. It gives [me a] deal of concern that I was not at 
home in time to prevent your taking this [ ] trouble which 

would inevitably have been saved had I not been absent. I find 
] that we have made a mistake in recommending too 
many officers — I thought [ ] limited number of Com- 

panies to the Militia Regiments, on this principle it [ 
recommended officers to about Eighty Men a Company. — If the 
number we have [recommend] ed is inconsistant with the plan 
you have proposed for forming the Militia in [ ] I beg Sir 

you will be pleased to attend to such alterations as I shall [ 
in the inclosed list. 1 What ever pretentions my B r . has to a 
preference, he has sacrificed them to considerations of a more in- 
teresting nature to the Publick — I have taken [the liberty] (as 
the time is short) to strike off Myndert Vosburghs name also wel 
knowing [that his] B r . will approve of it for the sake of unani- 
mity and harmony in the Township. [The] Company at New 
Lebanon I have also struck off as they are People of less Interest 
| whose Titles to the Contested Lands stand in the same 
Predicament. Suffer [me to assure] you Sir that I have made 
these alterations in such a manner as will give [ ] Satis- 

faction. The lists that I sent you up this morning were made 
with ] with a view to unite the People, — Cap Byrne 

shewed me the Subscription [ ] Gentleman at Coghsakie 

whether he has Interest or not in that Neighborhood I will not 
I have therefor desired my B r . to go with M r Byrne 
Early in the Friend M r . Peter Vosburghs for the 

1 See following letter of March 5. 

450 Sir William Johnson Papers 

necessary information His knowledge [ | and his integrety 

and disinterestness will enable M r . Byrne [to | will answer 

the purpose of his going thither. — M rs . Van [Schaack 
Compliments — My Father B r . and in short the whole [family 
to assure you of their respects and good Disposition [ | be 

pleased to accept the same from me and be assured | 

[ ] 

your most obliged 

] most Obedient humble Servant 

H V Schaack 

The following is an Extract from Guy Johnson to his Friend 
in Try on County dated New York 25 April 1 775. 

I am now in too great a hurry to give a methodized ace 1 , of 
politicks but you will please to acquaint Col°. Butler immediately 
& all other persons that so far from desiring any of these 1 matters 
suggested in Tryon County M r . Low has given up every such 
measure, & notwithstanding all the practices of the Enemies to 
order, the Tumults in this City are solely conducted by Isaac 
Sears & a parcel of the meanest people, Children & Negroes — 

1 It seems previous to this, resolutions of the York Committee had 
been sent to Tryon County signed by M r . Low, w h tended to rouse to 
Whig measures. This was to assure the inhabitants, those papers did 
not contain Lows sentiments, tho' they bore his Name. (Footnote in the 

[Frans] Vosburgh 1 st Lieu 1 . 
[La wrens] Goes 2 D°. 
[John] Pruyn Ensine 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 451 

A. L. S. 1 

[Kinderhook Landing, March 5, 1770] 
[Alterations in] the List of Officers sent up to the Honorable 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Henry Van Schaack's Company 
— If Grenedeirs allowed in the 
Reg', this to be the Grenedeir 
[In] Frans Van Beurens Company John M Van Alstyne in the 

Room of John D Vosburgh. 
[In] Andries Witbecks Company Johannes P Vosburgh in the 
room of Abraham Van Alstyne. 

In Philip Van Alstyne's Company Abraham Van Alstyne in 
the room of Lawrens Goes. 

If thirteen Companies cannot be allowed then the following 
Officers to be left out. viz 

Myndert Vosburgh Cap 1 . 

Petrus Van Slyck Lieu 1 . 

Johannes L. Van Alen recommended before in 

H V Schaack's C° 

Johannes D. Vosburgh Ensign recommended before to be 

in Frans Van Beurens C°. 

Cornelis Van Schaack Jun r and all his officers 

Thomas Skinner Jun r and all his officers. 

Kinderhook Landing. — I have thus far accompanied Cap'. Byrne 
on his way to Kocksakie [ ] and M r Vosburgh go on with 

him I doubt not but matters will be so conducted in that quarter 
so [ will satisfy you — The Persons who go with M r . 

1 Inclosed in Van Schaack to Johnson, March 4, 1 770. Burned por- 
tions of the list supplied from a copy printed in Third Report of Stale 
Historian of New York, p. 897. 

452 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Byrne are altogether disinterested & they will | | of their 

power endeavour to conciliate in stead of Dividing the People. — 
People hereabouts are [ | the Folks who have oppressed 

them for so long a time past. They now have a prospect of 
| will most assuredly embrace the oppertunity when- 
ever it presents. — My business to New England [is such] as not 
to admit of my attending Cap 1 . Byrne — My presence at Pitts- 
field is absolutely Evening. I communicated M r . 
Byrnes business this morning to my Father he | | you 
his since thanks for your favourable attention towards our Town- 
ship — so | I remain with fervent prayers for the Con- 
tinuance of your health 

and am with due respect 
Your most Obliged & 

Obedient Servant 


INDORSED: 1 List of Such as are to 
be altered or left out 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 
















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[Lambert Van Alstine] 
[Isaac Van Alstine Jr] 
[Jacob Van Alstine] 
[Herma Van] Alstine 
[Simon La Jura way 
[Isaac Laujraway 
[Abram La]uraway 
[Jonas Laujraway 
[John Rinneons] 
[Benj'n StroopJ 
[Benjn Joer] 
[Thomas] Bennet 
[Isaac] Bacchar 
[Storm] Bacchar 
[Isaac] Van Alstine 
[John] Laura way 
[Jonas] Lauraway Jn r . 
[ Marti] nus Van Alstine 
[Peter] Lauraway 
[Abram] Fonlawn 
[Maddil] Dice 
[John] Vanlown 
[Jacobus] Vroman 
[Isaac Vr]ooman 
[Jacobus] Vaulkinborck 
[Adam Vr] ooman 
[Herma Van] Vaulkinborck 
[Hendrick Ha]kedorn 

D. 1 

[Hans Van Vaulkenborck] 

[Corns Vroman Jun'r] 

[Jonas Vrooman] 

[Peter Vrooman] 

[John Vrooman] 

[Sam'l Vrooman] 

[Ephraim Vroman] 

[Martinus Van Slack] 

Peter Swart 

Pet r . Adam Vroman 

Simon Vroman 

Abram Delly 

Lias Delly 

John Delly 

Will™. Bicraft 

John Gardiner 

John Johnsay 

Paulus Swart 

Lauran Swart 

John Echeson 

Will" 1 . Vanloan 

Corn*. Echeson Jn r . 

Tho s . Echeson 

Tho s . Echeson Jn r . 

Cornel 3 . Echeson 

Tunis Echeson 

Pet r Zeele Jun r . 

Sae Droughlee 

1 These names apparently belong mainly to residents of the Schoharie 
valley and the neighboring region. Names burnt off supplied from a 
copy printed in Third Annual Report of State Historian, p. 895—96. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


[Derick Hakedorn] 
Dan 1 . Price 
Nich s . Vanscook 
Abram Bacchar 
John Rimar 
Dav d . Bacchar 
John Conum 
Jn°. Bacchar Jn r . 
Jacob Burst 
[Jo]hnJn° Bacchar 
[Hendr]ick Zever 
[Jacob Sarris] 
[Peter Zeele] 
[Peter Van Slack] 
[Thos. T. Echeson] 
[John Zeele] 
[Martinus Zeele] 
[Jonson Davis] 
Garret Bacchar 
Olebertus Bacchar 
Peter Bacchar 
Hendrick Bacchar 
John Storm Bacchar 
Herma Bacchar 
Storm Bacchar Jn r . 
Onobertus Bacchar 
John Van Wort 
Minort Wine Coop 
Tunis Vrooman 
Isaia Swart 
Arunt Vader 
Jacob Money 

Philip Skyler 
Peter Skyler 
John Skyler 
Tho*. J. Echeson 
Martin 8 . Vrooman 
Josaias Vrooman 
Barent Vrooman 
John P. Bacchar 
Hendrick Van Dine 
John Clark 
Isaac Faulk 
Jeromy Marinus 
Jerry Marinus 

in all one Hundred 

and two 

A fragment following 
Officers Nominated for a Comp'y 
draughte from Joakim Stadts's viz] 

[Capt] Garret G. Vanderbargh 
1 st . L : Frans Nichols 
2 d . L : Johan 8 . Albert Becker 
Ensign Dirk Becker 

464 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Si . 7.-*. O* 

Neu) yorfe 5, Marc/i /770 

t ] 

Yesterday. I had my accounts returned me [from] Gen. 
Gage tho both he and M r . Maturin gave [me] hopes they should 
be paid. Capt Maturin in particular said if I would wait till the 
packet was gone the General would settle it with Me. 

Its very Cruel to trifle so with me after so long & faithful 
Services. I never yet allowed any one to speak disrespectfully 
of the General & this is my recompense, living alone in this place 
so long is very expensive but my time is more precious 

The ship I go in dont sail till Sunday next & perhaps not then, 
she has Women & Children passenge[rs] which will add to my 

I cannot tell what Course to take concerning my Accounts I 
attended the General all day but could [not] see him. I have 
told all my ill treatment in Canada [to] Major Sheriff, 1 & he has 
informed the General [who he] says was very angry at it, but 
you see he [ | me. I have been very wretched not to 

hear [from you or any] of the family I have no other hopes 
] yet not now draw back your [ ] me in 

my present Situation | ] have a line from [ survey] 

or General must look upon me as very presuming, to ask [ 
your patent & not to have any written [authority] I have wrote 
Co 1 . Claus to this purpose & to ] any thing he might 

procure concerning it to [me.] I am told when Lord Dunmore 
comes over [there will] be no more Lands Granted. 

L l . Litchfield of 16 Reg 1 , run away with [Miss] Scot last 
Saturday night for the Second time [ ] are married the 

father will be reconciled 

1 William Sheriff, major July 25, 1 768. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 465 

I remain with my best Wishes for your [and your] family's 
health & prosperity. 

The post waits Dear Sir 

Excuse my Ink Your affectionate 

& humble Serv[ant] 

B Rob[erts] 
S R Will m . Johnson Bar 1 . 


New York the 5th March 1770 

[ ] 

the Honor of your agreable Favour of the 22 d 
Ult° by g]Iad to hear you have receiv'd safe the sundry 

small articles [ | I am however surprised to find the Bottle 

of [medicine] for the Tooth Ach was all leaked out, for so it 
must have been very confident the bottle was full 

when I gave it to M r Shipboy, however [ ] you another 

Bottle to the Care of M r Cartwright 

| think it very reasonable that M r Deniston's widow 
or the Creditors [ [ should have his share in the Oneida 

purchase, but as I told you [ ] is all granted away to M r 

Oliver DeLancey Some time ago, who has procurd a patent for it 
& I am pretty confident will relinquish share to you 

if you will but be pleased to write a Line to that | 
requesting him to do so which I desire you will do by Return 
of Post and I will then get the Matter adjusted — The issuing 
of that [pate]nt only waits for the fees from M r Robert Adams, 
Doctor Constable [ ] David Edgar, to whom I have very 

frequently wrote on the Subject of [ ] their fees but in vain. 

I will by this Post once more write to [ ] Edgar & shall be 

much obliged to you if you will be pleased to speak to [Rob]ert 
Adams & Doctor Constable & let me know immediately what 

466 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they [ ] to do; I woud with all my soul lay down the 

Money for those Gent m [but] it is really out of my Power at 
this Time, for notwithstanding the [ ] sums I have out 

to the amount of near £10,000, it is with Difficulty [I can collect] 
so much as to keep my House as yet & this I am afraid will be 
the ] I use next, when I doubt not I shoud have it 

amply in my power [to ob] lige my friends, but as the Patent must 
absolutely be issued [ ] I wish those gentlemen woud con- 

trive to send their quotas [to me or] any other person, in order 
that those may be no longer Delayed. [M r ] Croghan sett out 
from hence 1 Days ago for Albany [ ] Home e'er now, 

which I should be very glad to [ ] before He was well 

able to undertake such a [ ] Roads and the severity of 

the Season at the time of his Departure. 

Good Pork is not very plenty at present it [ I if I had 

Cash to lay down for it. I am pretty certain [ this 

for your Gouvernment — 

There is no such thing as Spaw Water to be had [ ] hear 

of — You may depend on having 2 Barrels of the [ 
sent you by the first sloops that go up. 

I have twice acknowledged the receipt of the [ 
Governor of Pensilvania wch was £113.18.10. It was [ 
Croghan, I have given you Credit for it in payment of [the wine] 
sent you to the care of M r Thomas Shipboy in Albany, the 
[sloop in] which it was sent, was froze up a little below Albany, 
M r [Shipboy was] therefore obliged to send sleighs for it & He 
told me that He [asked ] & Coll° Johnson (who likewise 

had 1 pipe on board said vessel) whether he should send it 
immediately to M r Van Eps [ ] Order, or shoud Keep it 

in his Cellar untill Spring. Since [I do] not remember to have 
heard anything further about it, but if you have not already re- 
ceived it, it is very safe in Ship [boys cellar] 

I am told by M r Wallace that Sir John is expected [ 
shortly, if so, I shoud be happy if He woud make my Home 
| during his stay in this City. I cannot promise him the 
but I dare venture to assure him He shall meet 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 467 

with a very Cordial welcome — My Wife joins me in Sincere 
Resp[ects to you, Sir] John & all your family — I begg you will 
believe me [to be with] Truth 

Sir your most Obedient [ ] 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar* 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 

Coxsakie March 5 1770 
Honored O 

I Receivd your favour of the 2 instant by M r Burn and agree- 
able to your [de]sire Inclose you an Impartiel List of [the] 
Names of those men I think the best Qualyfied to sarve as officers 
In the militia Regiment which is to be formed Between the 
Bounds of the Mannor of Ranslear & the South Bounds of the 
County of Albany on the west side of Hudsons River 

Your Honour has also Desired me to Let you Know the 
Names of the Justices and their Charactors the first is Marte 
Halenbeech the Next Stephen Van Dyck the former is [a g]ood 
and well meening man but the Letter [ ] the Revers tho 

well-Qualifyed but [ ] Drunk when he administers Jus- 

tice [ constantly Compleined of by the people [ 

Jury William Dedirak was [ ] of Van Dyck would Sarve 

[ ] I think from his Charactor 

Your most Obediant 

addressed: To 

The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



[Coxsakie, March 5, 1770] 
[List] of Officers for a Regiment of Militia foot to [be fjormed 
within the following Districts Viz from [the] South Bounds of 
the Mannor of Rensselaerswyck [to] the South Bounds of the 
County of Albany on the west Side of Hudsons River 

Colonel Sybrant G. Van Schaick 
D Co 11 Marte Halenbeeck 
Major Jacob Halenbeeck 

[Capt 1 S ]< 
[first Lieu'] 
[second Lieu 1 ] 

[Capt 2 nd .] 
[first Lieu'] 
[second Lieu 1 ] 

[Capt 3 rd 
[first Lieu* 
[second Lieu 1 

Capt 4 ,h . 
first Lie 1 . 
Second Lie 1 

Capt 5< h . 
first Lieut 

Philip Conine 
Thomas Hootelen 
Henry Van Bergen 
Richard Van Denbergh 

Anthony Van Bergen 
Robert Van Denbergh 
Casper M Halenbeeck 
Isaac Collier 

Joh]n L Bronck 
Philip] Bronck 
Myndert Van] Schaick 
Jacob Halen]beeck Jun r 

William Halenbeeck 
Casper Janse Halenbeeck 
Albert Van Loon 
Arent Van Schaack 

John Witbeeck 
Tunis Van Veghten 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Second Lieut 

Capt 6 th . 
first Lieu 1 
Second Lieu 1 

Capt 7*. 
first Lieu 1 
Second Lie 1 

Capt 8 th . 
first Lieut 
Second Lieut 

John M. Van Loon 
Jacob Van Loon Jun r 

Cornelus Duboys 
Egenus Van Orden 
Solomon Schutt 
Dirick Van Dyck 

Marten G. Van Bergen 
David Abeel 
Phillip Spaan 
francis Salsbary Junior 

Francis Salsbary 
Jury Laman 
Samuel Van Veghten 
Marte Van Bergen 

[Capt 9 th . Jury] William Dedarick 

[first Lieut] William Eligh 

[Second Lieut] John Luyks 

[Ensign] Wessel Ten Broock 

[Capt] 10 th . Goose Van Schaick 

[first Lieut] John Van Orden 

[Second Lieut] John Jacob Ten Broock 

[Ensign] Jacob Mynderse 


]nt Petrus Conine 

470 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Schenectary the 6 th March 1770 

[ ] 

[Since] I had last the Honour of parting with you I have 
[re] solved to Set out for New York next Monday or [ ]eday 
by Land. I purpose taking a Waggon to carry | Trunk 

& beding untill I reach Some Sloop down [the] River — If you 
have any Commands at York [it] will give me particular 
Pleasure to transact them [for] You 

I have been thinking two or three times [ ] that Certain 

Person 1 who begd you wou'd not any Objection to 

his geting Rank in the Melitia, [I know] his Motives for this, 
which is, that if Col n Van Slyck [ ] Langson" should 

happen to die soon, that then [ ] having this Rank he 

would of Course Endeavr [ over] my head which, if he 

should Succeed [ ] nor Could put up with it. I am far 

from Blaming him in Endeavourg to [ its Naturel to 

most men & therefore when [ | Consider that I have been 

a good many years [ ] Melitia & now pretty far ad- 

vanced in the Reg[iment] & have a much more Right then that 
person [to] Command him, then he to Command me, & I flatter 
[my] Self you will be of my Opinion & as I have | | the 

Reason Imeginable to Convince me how [ ] You have 

always been my Steady Patron, [ verry late Instances 

Confirms me fully how [ ] Inclined You are for my Pros- 

perity which really [ me more solid happiness on the 

Reflection of [ ] Assured of Your generous Inclina- 

tions to Serve | ] any pomp or Ambition I Could have by 

| place or Commission. 

1 John Duncan, captain of a grenadier company. 

2 Gerret A. Lansing, lieutenant colonel of the regiment in which 
Daniel Campbell was major. See Third Annual Report of the Slate 
Historian, p. 890. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 471 

If I [ ] favour of you to write by me to the Leu* Gov- 

ernor [ ] me the Rank of Colonel in the Melitia [ 

he will Immedeatly do on Receivng your [ 

I should not have thought of this [were it] not that M r Glen 1 
has got Col ls Rank & that Person now applying. I shall hope 
for the favor of a letter from you if any Opportunity oferrs 
[before] I set out. M rs Campbell begs her [most] Respectfull 
compliments to you and am 

Dear Sir with the Outmost Respect 
Your most humble & Obedient Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
] Baronet 
INDORSED: 1 10 th March 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

A. L. S. 

London 7 March 1770 

As Executors of Our late Father Sir William Baker, who 
Died the 23 January last, We take the Liberty of [ 
your Account Current made out from his Books the 28 Feb?, 
[in] which You are Credited for the Balance £251 .9.11 Stg 
We shall be ready to discharge, whenever You 
will acknow [ledge] the Account now sent to be right. 

We are 

Your most Obed* Servants 
W M Baker 
R Baker 
^ the Pacquet Sam l . BaKER 

[ ] Johnson Bar*. 

1 John Glen jr., Lieutenant Colonel in Sir John Jchnson's regiment 
of horse. 

472 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson Bar', 
at Johnson Hall Albany 
New York 
^ Cap*. Tho Miller 

A. D. S. 

Schoneceniady 8 lh March 1770 
[ ] Johnson Bar 1 . D r . 

To Arent N. Van Petten 

s d 
[ ] Weel & 12 Rivits for a saw mill £5 . .0. .0 

[ ]del D°. 4..0..0 

[ ]& 16 Rivits D°. 0..15.0 

Totall £9.. 15.0 
INDORSED: 1 Arent N Van Pettens 
Ace 1 , for mill work 
£ 9. .15..- 


A. D. S. 

Schonectady 8 th March 1770 
William Johnson Baro 1 . D r . 

To Arent N. Van Petten 

s d 
| Ragg wheel & 12 Ravits for saw mill £5 . .0. .0 

[ ] Spindel D°. D°. 4..0..0 

[ ] Plats & 16 Rivits D°. D°. 0..15.0 

Id Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 473 

[ ] Indian Axes @ 411 20. .0. .0 

[ ] D°. Hoos @ 6 ^ ^ 30..0..0 

Totall £59.. 15.0 

[Au]gust 17 th . 1770 then Rec d . of Sir W Johnson [the a]bove 
Sum in full 1 — 

Arent N. Van Petten 
INDORSED: 1 Arent V Pettens 
Ace*. £59.. 15.. 

A. L. S. 

Albany the 9"\ March 1770 
I had like to have forgot to acquaint you that M r Rensselaer 
has not been able to procure Glass for the Picture frames, in con- 
sequence of which nothing is done here — therefore you can with 
Sutton's assistance accommodate yourself better at the Hall — 
You will want Four and twenty — The Frames should be 
exactly fitted to the paper, the Margins of which will not [per]- 
mit of a very deep Rabbit — 

Notwithstanding writing is one of the greatest bugbears that 
haunt me, your little Books shall be soon [completed — I be- 
lieve there is no Lodge under the Canopy that requires [more] 
scribbling than the Ineffable; I am always at it and never [ 

I am Sir. 

Your ever grateful 
and much obliged humble Servant 
William Gamble 

In Johnson's hand. 

474 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schonectady, March 9 th 1770 

I ] 

[Since I rejceived your favor of the 3 d . Instant, Co 1 . [De Lan- 
cey] has order'd me to lease the Lands of [Warrinsburg] for 
Twenty five years. I shall write to ] lease for Peter 

Conley for three Lewis & [will let] you know when I git his 
answer. I was [ ] Colonel DeLancey that if young 

Cain j | pay what his father ow'd, that I should [let] the 

lands to another, which he [ ] upon which I hir'd the 

Lands to John Van [ ] ken for Ten pounds Ten Shillings 

pr year | ] has not pay'd anything yit and has no | 

for it As the lease of old Cain is not expir'd [ | have the 

Interest of it, I think you have [the best] right to it, which you 
may be assur'd | | the least Objections to. I shall men- 

tion Col]onel DeLancey & shall let you Know [when 

I rejceive his answer. I take the Liberty to [ a small 

account of Two Battoos I bought [ Doc] tor Stringer by 

your order I shall be [ ] if you will be pleas'd to pay it to 

M r . [ ] you a receipt for it — 

Most Obedient & most 
| Servant 

[John] Glen Jun r 

INDORSED: 1 Schenectady 9 th : March 

Letter from Jn Glen Esq r . 
Ans rd . 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 475 

D/. 1 

Johnson hall March 10 th . 1770 
[Dear Sir:] 

A few days ago only I was favored with yours of the [9 th . 
of Janr]y, M r . Croghan having been long detained by Sickness, 
[I have also] received the Draft of Montours Land and the 
form for [transferrin] g it, in answer to which I shall tell you 
Ingeniously [that as] I gave you the first offer I should be very 
glad to make [the pur] chase as convenient to you as may be 
Consistent [with] my trust, but M r . Croghan whom I directed to 
make [Enqui]rys concerning it Assures me that £800 has been 
offered [for] it, and from the description that he and others give 
of it I [have] reason to think it well Worth half of that Sum, I 
flatter [my] self that I am not so far deceived in these particulars 
as to [de]mand any thing unreasonable or beyond what Lands 
so [circumstanced and Situated may be Valued at in your 
Province [as] it is I do assure you very far from my Intentions 
to do So. I am satisfied of the Justice of Your Motives in making 
overtures for the purchase, and can only farther Say that from 
the good [A]ccot I have of the Land and the Offers made as I 
am told by some Inhabitant, [to] pay 800 for it, I think my 
Making a tender of it to you [at] £400 very reasonable, but as 
you are the best Judge in this [Poin]t I shall wait your farther 
determination & answer on the [Subject.] Sir John & Col. John- 
son send you their [best wishes] and be assured that I am with 


Your most Obedt humble Serv 1 . 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

March 10*. 1770 

If you will Supply William y e . Bearer of this with as much 
flour as he wants to carry with him, I will see you paid whenever 
you Demand it. — 

I am Y rs . 

W Johnson 
Ury Scramlin 
at Conajohare 


June 25*. 1770 
Rec d . of [ ] the Sum of Four Pounds Seven [Shillings] 

& Six pence in full for 25 Skippel [of flour] Sold to William 
on his order and [ ] 

£4. .7. .6 [ ] 

Ury Scramlins Recp*. 

1 In Johnson's hand; written on back of the order. 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall March 10 th . 1770 
Pay unto Golds Borrow Banyar Esq r . of New York, or order 
on Demand, the Sum of Three Hundred Pounds N York 
Cur c y. and charge it to Acc f . of 

Your Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
[Abra]ham Mortier Esq r . 
Pay M r . General 
at New York 
INDORSED: G w Banyar 

From the Abbot Collection, New York State Library, Albany 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 477 

A. L. S. 

[Otsego] March the 10 th . 1770 

[ ] Night before Last I gott Home 

] Myself any thing Beter as yett 
] May Do god only knows 
] to have aply d . to your Honor [ 

] Helb to use your Intrest 

of the Money d . pople in Schanacta- 

dy [ ] Me £1500 on Intrest & a Mordige 

[ ] 40,000. Near Cherrey Valley Butt 

] was Much Hurrey d . att that Time 
| aside My aplication I have No [ ] 

edge of any of those pople [ ] has Mony there Except 

M r . Campble | | he was Nott att home and if he [ 

| quarey Much if wold have Don itt [ Request. 

Indeed I wold sell that [ ] Tract att one shilling p acarr 

to Rase [the mon]ey tho I am Shure itts worth 4/ p[ 
Butt Nesesity is the Mother of Invension I Never was in So 
Much Nesesity as [ ] oweing to an Ingagem*. I Made 

[to Wharton] & Trent Just before they went [ 
promist fathfully to [ ] Time Butt I Supose y e . [ 

] met with prevented them [ 
whether they will and if they Do Nott I [ ] that I 

shall Louse this [ ] thousand pounds More w h . 

] True I have property anough [ ] of 

Ten thousand pounds Due [ ] But from the Great 

Scaresety | ] uterly out of My power to [ 

I had £1200 in Tho. & John Ship [boy ] when they stopt 

payment w h . was disjapointm*. to Me otherwise I 

should [not be] in this Stress att present & tho [ | Safe 

yett I must Now Take itt [ ] with the Rest of thise 

Creadators & [ is if I Cant Send that Sume to 

478 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Ne[ ] by y e . 1 st . of aprel an Execution will 

[ ] Me 

I am Sensable of the Many [ ] Honor has for Mony 

Nor Do I M[uch] Expect that you Can Do itt for [me] My 
hopes is that y r . honor Can [ ] Me throw your Intrest 

for w h . [ ] on those Lands or any thing Else | 

will Excuse My Trubling you [ Leter I have No 

other frend [ ] prevents My Going and [ 

Mony Nor Have I [ ] 

I am with [ 

[ ] 

To the Hon ble [ ] 

Sir William Johnson 


A. L. S. 

Albany, March 10, 1770 

[Dear] Sir 

Agreable to your directions of 28'. of Feby. Last I have sent 
all the pork that was here in store (except four Barrels) which is 
Twenty Barrels, and forty four Barrels of flour,. I inclose you 
a List of the slay men who carryed it up. I am Hond Sir 

Your most obed'. humble Ser*. 

Gerret Van Sante Jr 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


[Se]nt to Rudolphus Schonmaker 
[by] order of Sir William Johnson 







CO o 



John Hall 



Philip J. Van Patten 



John Van Patten 



Arent Clement 



Wessel Wesselse 



Daniel Cornee 



Carel H. Toll 



John B. Van Eps 


Johannes Vrooman 



John B. Vrooman 



John B. Vrooman 



Teunis Potman 


Johannes Toll 



Daniel Toll 



Jesse De Graef 



Jesse D. De Graef 


16 sleds Total 



Albany March 5* 1 770 

On his Majesty's Service 


Sir William Johnson Bar 1 , 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

Letter [ ] 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

480 Sir William Johnson Papers 

/\, /-.. O. 

Albany 1 1 <*. March, 1770 

[ ] 

I just now was favourd with yours of Yesterday. The 

] which I have taken about the spot of ground is not 
worth mentioning & believe me I am happy when it is in my 
power to [ ] you or Family. I do not believe the 

owners of the Ground [have] any other design than that you 
shall have it at your own [price] as they informed me, & M r . 
Hun will be shortly up when [he] will secure it to you — I have 
a Cargo of Goods, as you [ ] in the Claws of the Sons 

of Liberty amounting to about £800 [ ] I wou'd be glad 

you wou'd take them if you can get them & at the same time I 
wou'd gladly have it done so that they [ ] not be dis- 

pleased at me, which might be attended with bad [conseq]uences 
perhaps; about this will talk with you I hope now [in a few] 
days; one necessary thing or other has hitherto prevented [my 
coming] up as I expected. 

I believe you must be wrong with respect to the Widow 
Cuylers [ ] saws, however I will enquire tomorrow if 

there [ ] thing to be got, which I much doubt because 

] them frequently enquired for, & have been [ 
On the other side is a memoranda of the goods Viz. 

705 p r . Kersey Blankets [ ] very fine 

44 p s . Strouds different col rs . 

new fashiond Dufneld [ 

d°. d°. 24 

of 24 & y d . wide Garlix 
of 2 colourd Gurroks large [ 
colourd Ribbons 
embossd serge 
30 p 9 . purple Moltons 
20 p 8 . white Penistons 


P s . 


P s 


P s 


P s 


P 8 


P s 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 481 

10 p s . blue d°. 

4 p s . Sax Green d°. 
4 p s . red d°. and 

60 Doz: cheap buck handled Kni[ves 
make the whole cargo, if you like them, dont dou[bt] we shall 
easily agree upon the price, I have always [ ] at 1 50 & 

CX I hope to be up this Week, in [meantime] I am with sincere 

D r . S r . 

P. S. M rs . Stringer gives her Y r . most [ ] 

Comp ts . Sam l . [ ] 

On another page of the letter is a copy, somewhat condensed, of Dr 
Stringer's list in Johnson's hand; and on the back of this is a memorandum, 
nearly burned off, of a letter to be written to John Blackburn, Merch 1 . 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 449, is listed a letter of March 1 1 , written 
at New York, from Lieutenant Benjamin Roberts about his coming 
departure, talks with the general, various disappointments and the Boston 
massacre. Destroyed by fire. 


Dublin, March I2>K 1770 

I ] 

After so long an absence without doubt my [old frien]d S r . 
William has forgot there is such a person as [Edward] Downes, 
which I should be so sorry for, that I [ | run the risk of 

being thought vain, when I tell [you that] I flatter myself you 
will be glad to hear [I am sti]ll numberd amongst the living. 

1 A captain lieutenant in the 46th regiment. 

482 Sir William Johnson Papers 

\ you have been about this long time, finnishing [ 
Town, which I am inform'd is very pritty, [ ] have pro- 

vided for a Number of my Cloth by [ ] them lands there 

abouts, my adventures you [ ] certainly been inform'd 

at large, that it will be [ ] trouble you with a 

repetition, methinks [ ] I might send you some news, of 

all people calculated for affording any entertain- 

ment, [or ev]en of sufficient consequence to dwell [ 
when I am raised to that pitch, I will make [ ] upon 

affairs of state, till then [ ] little I know, my jenius 

| sufficient, to make it worth your reading. I have 
being doing duty here [ ] Months, & am in the center of 

your Relations [who from] what I can learn, are all well, your 
Brother I | for England in a few days, my native air 

restor'd me to my former health, I am much con- 
cerned] to hear you have been confin'd with a sore leg. [If 
my] good wishes has been of service this will find you 
[dir]ectly recover'd, I am a little indisposed at present, & were 
you to see me, you wou'd take me for one of the Kenines, Vro- 
mans, or some of the Mohawk ge [ ] being dress'd in my 

furr cap with a long bear'd, addressing myself to you, upon a 
Table cove [red with] a Skin from America/which often accures 
to [me what] a fool I was to leave that Country, without 
rem finding] you of your promise, by making me [ ] my 

loss, but that you will be kind enough to [ ] 

My fair companion wou'd willingly send Com[pliments 
a Strainger it may be deem'd impertinent [ ] you are a 

friend of mine, I will answer [ ] wishes, joining to 

those of 


[ ] 

P. S. 

Pray remember me kindly to S r . John [ ] Cap 1 . 

Clause, Cap 1 . Johnson, & all [ ] good Family — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 483 

A. L. S. 

New York the 12 th . March 1770 
There's no News here at present M r . MacDougal is [in 
prison] and is visited by all the friends of his party under the 
Name [of the] American Wilkes, don't it surprize Dayly 
much that a Scotch man [ ] have turned a Wilkes, 

whither it surprizes him or not it does me a [ ] that such a 

beggarly Scotchman as him should make so much [ ] in 

the World. I'm told the Bostonians espouse his cause very 
strenuously they have burned in effigy the Governor 

Council and General [Assem]bly of this Province. I hope 
they exempted you from being one in the [ ] Conflagra- 

tion of the Council as you was not present when the [ 
was given to the Bostonians. 1 I yesterday received two letters 
from [Niagara] one from M r . MacLean the Commissary the 
other from M r . Pollard [ ] the following is a Coppy 

of a Paragraph of MacLean's letter. [ ] friends the 

Senecas enquires very friendly for you. Poor old Soiwa [ 
the Chief of the Senecas) came to me the other day with tears in 
his [eyes and] acquainted me of the Death of your little Girl, 
thinking I had not [ ] before and the old Man seemed as 

much affected as if she had [ ] own Child. If Govern- 

ment doth not take some effectual method [to put a] stop to these 
Paxtown boys, they oblige the Indians tho' at [ ] iable dis- 

position to strike a stroke some where for their [ They 

are now applyed to (meaning the Senecas) by the Delewa[res 
| avenging the Death of the last Indians that was killed 
[ those Senecas which makes it very doubtfull what 

| the old man is of a Peaceable disposition and I am 

1 February 28 the Council appointed Whitehead Hicks, James Duane 
and Thomas Jones to assist the attorney general in the trial of Alexander 
McDougall for libel of the assembly. — Calendar of Council Minutes, 
p. 481. 

484 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sure if they follow his council all will be well but [you know 
what] sort of beings they are. So far says MacLean. 

I know what sort of beings they are pritty well and I kn[ow] 
the old People be as peaceably inclined as possible these 
young [ ] very far from being so and that they would 

rather Join Dela [wares against] the English than Join the Eng- 
lish against any enemy whatever. 

M r . Pollard writes as follows. Your none appearance has 
hurt me [with the] Chiefs N. B. He talks of the Messesagas 
and Chippawas. I assured [them you] would be here last fall 
and that they would then be received as usual [ ] of which 

they Came in but on a Second disappointment I was never be- 
lieved any more. I realy expected you last fall. I could not 
immag[ine the] Provinces could have neglected an affair of such 
consequence one and therefore concluded you would 

have been reinstated before [the] communication was shut up, 
but I find things still Remains in [ ] of suspence 1 which 

they will dearly pay for very soon. So much [for Pollard] I 
think all this shows no very peaceable inclination in the Indians, 
and [if the] Colony s pay Dearly for it and the Government too, 
they diserve it. 

It seems they have had a severe winter at Niagara as the River 
froze across so that People went on the Ice from the 
Fort to Cap 1 . Brown was Cast away 40 miles from 

Niagara lost his | ] but saved their Cargoes he marched 

by land to the Fort [ ] St Andrew's day with a humming 

Pox for the Cure [of which he] was Confined several weeks, and 
the People at Ni[agara ] the Doctor very heartily for ever 
leting him out. [ ] the old way playing the Divil 

with the Traders [ ] else, While Cap'. Stevenson was in 

[command the Indians brought in ve]nison and were well paid 

January 27, 1770 New York appointed Philip Livingston, Henry 
Holland, Isaac Low, John Alsop, William McAdam and John Thur- 
man commissioners to meet commissioners from neighboring colonies to 
arrange a plan for regulating Indian trade. — Laws of the Colony of New 
York, 5:66. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 485 

and pleased but the moment [the Bajld Eagle was arrived they 
seldom or ever come near [and the] few that do are pulled 
about as usual and draged [to] the great mans House where 
what they have is took from [them ] much surprized why 

he dont gain the affections of the Indians [ ] is no damned 

troublesome Indian Commissary there to [ ] with his wise 

schemes, he has been often told he was taking [the worst] 
methods possible for gaining his point but he is still obstinate 
| take his own way, for which his bald pate will suffer 
[if the] Indians once brake out as they really hate him most 
cordially [Steven] son and he don't agree at all^/ M rs MacLeod 
sends you and your [ ] her best respects I beg leave to 

trouble you with Mine to Sir [John and] the other two Colonels, 
Dayly, Byrn & ca . I shall have the [pleasu]re of waiting upon 
you as soon as I can beg borrow or steal [as much] money as 
will pay my Debts in this Damned Town 

I am 
With the greatest respect 
Your most obedient 
Humble Servant 
[ ] Johnson Bar*. Nor d . MacLeod 


A. L. S. 

New York the 12th March 1770 

[ ] 

] ed your favour W Last Post, in answer to which 

am | | that there is no such Thing as Hanging Paper to 

| at present, but I imagine there will be plenty [ sh]ips, 
when they arrive I will send you what you desire 
by which I fancy you mean writing Paper shall be [ 
Allen who says he will venture to Sail this Week, but [ 
Scarcely go untill next Week, as I do not expect the [river will 
be] open before that time — I now send you the enclosed Letter 

486 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[from M r Rob]erts who saild this morning at 9 oClock in the 
Britannia [Cap 1 .] Munds&He has directed me to give you a 
Hint about the Law [suit ] commenced against Mess Henry 
& Abbot for their Bond [for selling] Rum amongst the Indians 
— In Consequence of his Orders [to the] Attorney Generall 
before He came here & since He has been here [ ] the At- 

torney Generall to issue his Writts which was accordingly done 
[The] Matter will rest unless You or the Generall should give 
M r Kempe Orders about it, which I understood was to be done & 
that you [ M r Roberts to write to the Generall & M l 

Kempe respecting [it] — I should therefore be glad you woud Say 
Something to me [ ] because otherways I am liable for 

the Expences and because [M r ] Kempe will not know what He 
is to do as M r Roberts is gone away [ has left me His 

Power of Attorney to transact Business [ ] absence, 

particularly with Respect to an Officers Right for [ land] 

for Him, which He locates somewhere in a purchase of [ 
Coll°. Claus. Application has been made in Consequence to 
[the Survey] or Generall, but He will not make a Return unless 

] sent; as this appears to be an Object of M r . [ 
about. I wish you and he pleased [ ] for his satisfaction, 

signifying [ ] for M r Roberts 200O. [ ] got out 


My Wife joins me in best Wishes for your [ 
you will believe me to be most sincerely 

Sir your most obedient [ 

John Wether [ ] 

I take the Liberty of sending you 

the Enclosed Letter to [ ] I beg 

you will send on to him as quick as possible as it 

is of Consequence 

No Medicine for the Tooth Ach to be had, Hamilton having 

left the Town Some time ago and is not yet returned. 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar 1 
Johnson Hall 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 487 

A. L. S. 
[Dear] Sir [Otsego] March the 17* 1770 

I am feavord with y r . honors very Kind Leter of the 13 th . for 
which I Return you My Sincear Thanks and [I a]m Truly 
Sencable if itt was Convenent to you to Lett Me have that Sume 
of Mony your Honour wold Do itt. 

I am Greatly oblidg d . to you for the Truble you have Taken 
to Indeavor to procure itt for Me w h . if to be had I am presweaded 
will be gott as None of those userers will Refuse y r . honor if 
they have itt 

If Coll Fitch M r Chew & M r Pomery be [y]ett with you 
plese to present My Compliments to them 

Ever Sence I gott hear to My Hutt 1 [ ] have been as 

full of visitors at itt [will] hold of the Good pople of the Cuntry 
[ besides (?) my] f rends the Indians [ ] that I have Nott 

had a Moment [to my] Self Till this Evening & this Mom[ent 
a] party of Indians are Coming Down [ 

I sent a Small Acount of y e . Smiths & Inerpreters att Fort 
pitt & Detroit [ ] adams to be putt into y r . honors 

a [counts] the Gineral will Nott pay them un[less] they are 
Included in y r . Acounts w h . I [ ] you will Do that I 

May have y r . hon[or's] draght for itt when Convenint 

I am greatly att a Loss what to [ ] about My feet the 

swelen is pas [sing] Down Butt a feebleness Remains [ 
have very Litle Use of them & the [want of] being able to take 
that Exercise w h . [I to Do has brought a voilant pain 

] hart w h . Makes Me very Low Spirit [ed] 

Plase to present My Complim ts . to [ ] and Gentlemen 

with you & am with 

Greatest Respect 
To the Hon ble . Most H[ ] 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. ] 

1 On a tract of 1 00,000 acres purchased by Croghan and associates 
west of Otsego lake. — Calendar of Land Papers, p. 480. 

488 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Albany 17 March 1770 

I ] 

[I] shall make imediate inquiry after the wafers and [ 

them as soon as I can obtain them. I have not received [the 

bottle from] M r Weatherhead but he wrote me he should sent 

one next post, [ ] a good Ox & Some Sheep as Soon as 


] Letter Directed to J no Taylor Esq r . it was taken out 

the Office [ ] thought it was for his brother in law, but 

found his mistake [when] he saw a Letter for you & one for S r 

John on his [ | I paid him the postage and now send you 

the letter 

[ Col. Fitch and Pomer^oy are both here & talk of seting out 

to morrow morning they [ maderia and oblidge me to 

stop writing to drink S' Patrick [and friends] at the Hall — bad 

news from Boston the Papers will give [ its Past 1 2 

oClock the Post in hast 

I am with due respect 

Hon d . Sir Your most Obed*. hum 1 Servant 

Rich Cartwright 

A. L. 5. 

[Albany 17 March 1770] 

[In the present] instance I trouble you with a private destress 

] multiplicity of publick and other Concerns that [ 
attention. But my Scituation is such as will I hope [ 
measure for this Application 

1 Supplied from Johnson Calendar. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 489 

[ ] when he was at the Hall he tells me he Communi- 

cated [ ] of thirty years in this place and on 

the verge of fifty [ my] self reduced to the Callamitious 

prospect of a prison [Neither extrava]gance or neglect have 
bro*. this load of misfortune on [me. | weighed down by En- 
gagements for other People who have [ enor-]mously. 
Crofton, Howard & M c Cracken involve me in [ | £1200. 
these with other losses have Compleated my ruin. [ Jciless 
Creditor is a Jew who is the only one that has sued [If I cou]ld 
by any means Quiet him my Other Creditors seem well enough 
] a favourable settlement. 
hou]se & Lott as pleasantly Scituated as any in town next 
door [to Ro]b f . Sander 5 , late dwelling that I would Sell for 
£600. that Sum [ ] the Jew. & I could manage well 
enough with my other [creditors] 

| ask if such a purchase would suit Sir William or any 
of his | ] 1 9 feet by 35 two story a fine warm 

cellar under the whole with a good kitchen in the rear with a 
pleasant bed chamber over it, 2 [ ] above that. In the front 

is a neat Shop Completely fitted up [ ] Stair Case, behind 

which is a large Parlour well finished ] above Stairs is 

very Pleasant, a bed place adjoining behind, behind [ 
bed chamber and above two fine Garrets English fireplaces 
house Kitchen & Stable Cost me lately in building 
£548 — [ | Stabling for 3 horses & a Cow, from which 

is a passage [ ] the Whole in the best repair & will re- 

quire none for many [years. ] could always keep a good tenant 
in it & if ever ] Sustained in Case it was Disposed of 

[ ] with all Duty humility & [ ] Your most Obed* 

& most hum ,e Serv 1 

[Richard] Cartwright 

490 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schonectady March 18 lh 1770 
I Rec d . your most Esteemed favour of the | ] Ins 1 Last 

night, And in Answer to your Desire [I am sor]ry that I must 
Let you know that I Cannot [let your] friend have the money he 
wants, and do [not know] where to Direct your Honour To be 
Likely [that your] friend might be Supplied, I am After Due 

Your Honours Most Affectionate 
Friend and Humb Serv 1 . 

John Sanders 
ADDRESSED: The Honourable Sir William 
Johnson Bar 1 , 
Johnson Hall 
Q D C 

INDORSED: 1 Schenectady 18 th March 1770 
Letter from M r . Sanders 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

L. S. 1 

New York March 18 l K 1770 

Dear Sir, 

I have lately received Letters from M r . Stewart His Majesty's 
Superintendant of the Southern District, of which I think it right 
to Send you some Extracts ; as they concern the Meeting at Onon- 
daga between the Cherokees and the Six Nations. Likewise the 
Draught of the Head, which M r . Steuart imagines to have been 
stole; and that it was given by the Cherokees, present at the 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 491 

above Meeting, to the Six Nations. I also inclose an Extract 
of a Letter from M r . Cameron, one of M r . Stewart's Deputy's, to 
him, on the Same Subject of the Cherokees who attended the 
Meeting at Onandaga. 

I furnish you with these Lights concerning the Cherokee 
Deputys, which you will know how to make the best use of, and 
what Relyance is to be had upon the Treaty those Deputys have 
made, and the Engagements they have entered into on behalf of 
their Nation. 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 

S R . W M . Johnson Bar*. 

INDORSED: N York 18 th . March 1770 

Genr'. Gages Letter 
w ,h . Inclosures 

A. L. S. 

Albany 19*. March 1770 

I ] 

I am favoured with yours of the 1 5 th . Ins 1 , with Memorandum 

Inclosed for some Iron and Steel that you desire to be sent you, 
which Iron I now send According to your Order to the Care of 
M r . Van Eps at Schonectady to be forwarded to you 

I have also According to your Request Inclosed you your 
Account Amounting to £85 . . 5 . . 1 1 including the Iron now 
sent. I am upon all Occasions with great Respect 

Your Most Oblidged 
& Most Humble Serv 1 

John Stevenson 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. 

[Wi]lliam Johnson Baronet 

To John Stevenson D r : 

[ ] of Steel as $ Bill Sent 


.17. .3 

[ ] Ditto as $ " Ditto 


. 6. .6 

C Q « 

[ ] Bars Iron W<: 10..0..16 

@36/ £18.. 5.. 2 

[ ] Share Moulds 1/ 2..0 


bars German Steel W l . 50 

@ 1/6 3. .15 .0 


• 4m* • • /~J 

£85. ..5. .11 

A. L. S. 1 

Monday Evening, March 19, 1770 

I this Moment rec d . yours, and am oblidged to You for the 
trouble You have taken about the Battoes, and as my Horses are 
greatly fatuiged, would be glad You would get them rid in by 
other Sleds but pray order them to put long poles under them as 
they do when then ride Hay & Bunches of Straw behind, & be- 
fore well tyed to Save them from rubbing or thumping against 
the Sleay which would damage them much. 

Y r . Compliance will oblidge 
Sir Y'. Welwisher 
& Humble Servant 

. W Johnson 

1 In New York State Library. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


INDORSED: Sir Willems Johnson 
Brief Van de 
pattos na Sackondago 


Mert 19 1 


In the Johnson Calendar under date of March 20, 1770, written at 
Niagara, Edward Pollard's account against Capt. James Stevenson for 
the Indian department; receipted. Destroyed by fire. 

A. D. S. 

[Johnson Hall, March 22, 1770] 
Hon b,e : Sir Will m : Johnson Bari: 

To David Van der Hey den Dl: 

] [To] 1. Ax, 4/, &1. Sail 14/ 
[to] Kayaderoene, ^ Order 

C Q* n 
To 1 1 5 Sweedts Iron 36/ 
To 63 « Steel @ 1/ 

To Cash pj. W™. Van Den Bergh 
For Riding an Indian Aserigo 
And his Compy to the Half Moon 

f To 1 Bale Blankets Q f . 25, ^f 
Of 1 1 1 ptts @ 25/6 P $ 

To 15 » Bth Beeds @ 4/ 
To 7 » White Thread 8/3 
To 2 tt Colour'd d". 6/ 
To 12 dozen Knives 5/ 


[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 






[ ] 


. 5. 



. 0. 









£48 1..9 
[ at Jo]hnson Hall 22 d March 1 770 the Above [contents 

in full for M'. Vanderheyden SamL> Stringer 

better concerning the bateaux near Sacondaga, 1770, March 19. 

494 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall March 22 d . 1770 

[ ] 

] soon to hold a General Congress with the Indians 

on [ ] consequence to the public, I have made enquiry 

in order [ a pro] per Assortment of Goods for that occasion, 

In consequence of [which I have met] with none that will 
Answer the purpose excepting a [ ] to Docf Sam 1 

Stringer of Albany & marked S S From [ ] which & 

the Accot he has given me, they will Answer, but [ 
that they were stored by a resolution of the Sons of Liberty 
| was then Chairman. The occasion of my Writing 
therefore [ w]hether these Goods will be delivered up to 

my Order for the [ ] beforementioned in case I pur- 

chase them. If they are [ ] for them without delay, 

and as the Service requires my holding [a Congr]ess forthwith 
which I cannot do without a Suitable present as [ ] 

Occasion I make no doubt that you will favor me with [an 
Answ]er as soon as possible. 

I am &c 

Df. 1 

Johnson hall, March 22 d . 1770 

[ ] 

Having occasion for some Blank Testimonials to give [to 
chie]fs of the Indians, I have used the freedom with you [ 

the inclosed form, and drawing requesting that you will 
] good Artist to Engrave the same, and also to 
Engrave | ] emblematical figures at the Top of the Tes- 

timonial, and as | | take up too much room if of the size 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 495 

in the inclosed [ ] please to direct the Engraver to 

draw it a Little shorter, [ | correct the shape, features &c 

of the personages or things in the best manner he can, the Gentle- 
man whose drawing it is [not] having Sufficient Skill in these 
matters. The blanks in [the] Testimonial may be the same as 
in the inclosed, and the [spa]ce at the Top larger than I have 
left it tho' Smaller than the [dra]wing, the Edges of which he 
can Embellish as he pleases When it is Engraved I would have 
Two hundred Copies of it | | on parchment, which with 

the Copper plate you will please [to] forward to me with the 
Expence attending it which I shall pay [immediately and shall 
be much obliged to you if it is convenient for [you] to get this 
necessary Affair executed for me. 

I have orders to ratify the Fort Stanwix Treaty in his 
Majesty's Name, that the Traders Grant and M r . 

Croghans, are still [ ] farther Consideration, however I 

am in hopes that they [mus]t meet with Approbation to obtain 
which I have wrote | ] about it. I wrote your Brother 

sometime ago but | | nothing from him for a Consider- 

able time, I heartily ] may find his Affair has had an 

[ ] 

] much esteem 

D. S. 1 

Johnson Hall March 22 d . 1770 

Received of Johannis Wert of Kingsborough the Sum of Six 
Pounds Three Shillings New York Currency In full for a Years 
Rent of his Land to the 25 th . of this Instant March also Two 
Fatt Fowls & a Days Work as Dues. — 

W. Johnson 

1 In Johnstown Historical Society, Johnstown, N. Y. 

496 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall March 23 d . 1770 
[ ] 

I wrote you long since in Answer to your sev 1 . [ | have 

not heard from you for some Months I am lest mine 

should have met with some Accident, as I | have wrote 

me since May which was the last I received from 

you, Mine was [ ] off in Dec r . last. 

I have since received his Majestys Orders to ratify the Fort 
Stanwix Treaty with the Indians, in his name, Excepting the 
[gran]ts to the Traders and to M r . Croghan which are reserved 
[for] other Consideration "when the persons interested shall 
[ask] for his Majesty's Confirmation of them." — This I sup- 
pose [is alre]ady done, but probably by the foregoing Words, is 
meant [that] they have not Applied in the way required, — & 
as I take it, [ ]ns to be that the Application to Indians 

first, & founding [pre] tensions on their Grants gives some offence, 
but as I honestly & Clearely Explained all that affair, & as there 
was no other way [ ] ting the precedent of a retribution 

from the Indians but in [ ] I proceeded. I am hopefull 

that your Application will [meet] with Success, — I shall very 
soon meet the [Indian Confederacy as well to declare the ratifi- 
cation of the Treaty ] with their earnest request, to 
have my [ ] Directions on a proposal made to them by 
the [ ] Some of the Western & Southern [ 

] of some importance [ ] 

is a very ticklish affair [ | they sho d . be 

encouraged [ ] to permit it 

[ ] 

Which at any rate it will be [ the Complaints 

of the Indians | | on the frontiers & a Variety 

of other Intelligence | showing that they are much ag- 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 497 

grieved, full of [ ] thereto from the Missisipi, Nothing 

is yet done, nor is there a prospect of any thing for [ 
The frontier [ ] usual, and the result is not difficult to 

] little leisure as ever but however I have 
] Material that occurs here at present, [ 
the Squabble] at our Capitals which you will know from the 
[papers (?) better] than I can inform you. I have wrote Gov. 
[Pownal in answer] to his kind Letter and received another from 
[him which I shall] make a return to soon — I am in daily 
Expectation of one] from you, and therefore shall deferr saying 

| have a Letter, Croghan is at the Lake [ 
he was long indisposed at New York, The New [Englanders 
are] eager about Lands, and Scheming, some have been [ 
about Townships, and some plans are on foot [ ] for Cut- 

ting masts for the Navy, but the havock [ ] the Timber 

about Hudson River for these 6 years Oblige them to go up 
farther this Way to Carry it [on. I am] Assured that two or 
three of them near Saratoga [cut] a Vast Quantity of Timber 
of the Size reserved [which] they intended for plank & boards, 
but una[ble to get it] Away, near 4000 of them lye rotting 

| & much more in different parts, this is [ 
& hurtfull to the Country that it ought [ 

past I rec d a Commission from Gov r [Colden as Surveyor?] of 
the Woods for this Extensive [ ] put it out [ 

] I could get none [ 


either for this province in Gen 1 , or rather this [ 
in which case I wish my Son was Appointed [ 
him some business to do, & at the same time be [ 
with a Sallary that would prevent him from laying [out mo]ney 
in the discharge of his duty. I have not suggested [this to any] 
person but yourself, tho' I should be glad that you [ ]te 

it to my Friend D r Franklin, or to any other [you th]ink proper 
by which means those in power Might hint of the Utility of such 

Several lines missing. 

498 Sir William Johnson Papers 

an Appointment, which if [ ] of they Might Signify 

that they were authorized to | | such a person for it. 

I shall not be unmindfull of any thing that may [la]ter occurr 
that will be of service to you or your affairs, heartily Wishing 
you all imaginable Success and that I may [ ] hear from 

you, I remain 

D r Sir your Sincere friend 

& very humble Servt 


] re to be 




] to tell 


you twice, the 


] Letter by M r . 



A. L. S. 

New York 26 March 1770 

I ] 

] of the 1 5 & 1 7th instant lay before [ 
you may be assured I will mention the [matter to Mr DeLancey], 
but I cannot help thinking but that Gent n [ ] much 

greater Regard to a Line from You [than] to any thing I can 
say to Him; however as it is [ he] should comply with 

your Request, I make no [ ] Chearfully do so — 

by next Post I will write you [ ] I have seen M r 

Campbell concerning the Pork [ no Orders about 

that Article, but only desired me the price, I had 

not purchased any untill I coud [ | orders as to the 

Quantity you woud want which you [have not] mentioned to 
me. M r Campbell however says He will | He has 

Money to receive for you from M r Mortier to [ 
consented, as I doubt not He will do it full as well as [ 
a good deal vexed to hear that the 3 pipes Wine [ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 499 

your Hands in Such bad condition, which must have been 
] very great Negligence in M r Shipboy under whose 
Care [ ] The Vessell they were on board of unfortunately 

froze [ ] but M r Shipboy assured me he had sent 

sleighs [ ] Wine & that it was safer in his Cellar — 

but the truth [is it] seems to be impossible to rely upon any body 
to do any [thing unless] they themselves have an Interest in it — 
It is very received any Letter from me about the 

£113. 18. 10s [received from M r Pen] I mentioned it in 3 
severall Letters — The Wine [ ] £40 P pipe, by a 

Letter I received from [ ] he has sold Cartwright One 

of them [ ] to allow him [ 

] can be purchased [ ] Rum 

I have taken Notice of the [order for mill saws and will 

send 1 ] them by the first sloops which [will sail when the river ?] 

is open, they shall packed up as you direct [ ] In 

the Mean time I remain with great [ 

Sir your most Hble [ 

John W[etherhead] 

I begg you will not forgett to write a Line to M r [Kemp and 
the] Generall about the Location 2 for M r Roberts & C o1 [Claus] 
He will not else make any Return without you [ 


New York 26 March 1770 

[ ] 

] received your favor 16 Ins'. & | | pleasure 

to inform you that your [Indian] Deed 3 having been laid before 

1 Words supplied from the Johnson Calendar, p. 450. 

2 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 504, 505 and Calendar of Council 
Minutes, p. 550. 

3 See Calendar of Land Papers, p. 486 and 492, also Calendar of 
Council Minutes, p. 547. 

500 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the [Council] it was approved of & y e . petition [for the] Land 
granted, the Warrant for the [surv]ey will be sent M r . Colden, 
& all will [be] done as soon as possible, & you may [be assu]red 
the Pattent for the Part of it [there] under shall be compleeted 
with all [possi]ble haste — I am glad to find S r . John [cho]oses 
being here soon — I cannot get [the] Survey & Pattent for the 
additionall Lands at Zedeghquida 1 yet settled, so cannot [ 
any Answer to the Germans, but will [ | to lett you know 

in about 14 days as [ that time all will be finished — 

] have accounts from all Quarters [that the] Land is 
excellent on the South [ Mowhack River so that 

[ ] 10 s /. ^ Acre, as [ ] 

soon will rise [ ] I think [ 

The Packett not yet arrived [ ] write you — 

My Compl ,s to all [ ] the Mowhack River & believe 

me [ ] 


Your obliged [&] 

Hu[ ] 

M rs . Wallace desires her 
best respects to you & all 
the family — 


The Honorable 
Sir William Johnson Bar' 
at Johnson Hall 

Sedachqueda, Sauquoit. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 

50 1 





March 27, 

] D'. 








£19: 2:9 

| above Contents in full & 

R Cartwright 

A. D. S. 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

To Hugh Fraser 

To 50 Scheppels of wheat @ 3/ 

To 44 D°. of Barley @ 2/6 

To 25 D°. ^ order to Jn°. Brackan @ 3/ 

[Johnson] Hall 27 th March 1770/ 





Hugh Fraser 

502 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Tuesday Albany the 27> h . March, 1770 
I ] 

I Received your favor Yesterday [of the] 25 th . Instant by 
the bearer of it M r Nellus [wh]om I had some conversation 
with relative to the matter on which I was to give my Opinion he 
was to have called on me this morning at eight oClock to receive 
it and an answer to Your letter But as I have not seen him since 
I cant tell the occasion of it or whether he is gone back or where 
he is wherefore I have Inclosed the opinion which I drew for him 
& was ready before the above hour, the Instrument is certainly 
an original of its kind — Dead men are made party's to it — no 
consideration in it — & divers other faults might [be] pointed 
out — In order to set the partys right [you] will please to observe 
by the Inclosed what is [ 

As I was apprehensive the | not yet come to 

your hand I | | naturalization act that you | 

]ment before & when [ is not set until 

the [ ] probability of a Mayors Court, 

| which is the periodical [ 
of the City for holding | ] to the words of the act as 

I think the Business spoken of can be as well 
done in that [ 

I am Sir 
Your most obedi[ent and] 
very Hum[ 

Peter [Sylvester] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 503 


A. L. S. 

Albany, 27*. March, 1770 

I ] 

[Col?] Schuyler & my self have been [at gre]at pains to find 
out if the money [paid to] Col Butler in I 756 was repaid me 
[by] you; we cannot find any Credit [ ] nor have I 

charg'd it to the Public: [I beg] leave to trouble you with a Copy 
of [Col] Butlers receipt, and to know if you have [or can] 
find any Charge against me, or receipt for that payment — if 
you have not I will charge it in my Department to the Treasury. 
I am sorry I shall not succeed in the affair of the Flatts. 


The Hon ble . Sir William [Johnson] 

A. D. S. 1 

[I] hereby Acknowledge to have rec d . from [John] Bradstreet 
Esq. Three Hundred & [ ] pounds two Shillings & 

six pence [for the pay of In]dians sent under my Command 
Sir] William Johnson to serve as Scouts [to the] battoe 
Men on their first Trip to Oswego [in Ap]ril 1756 and have 
Sign'd two of this [tenor] & date to serve for one as Witness my 

May 20*. 1 756 

J. B. 

1 Inclosed in Bradstreet to Johnson, March 27, 1770. 

504 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York March 28, 1770. 
Worthy Sir, 

I am favoured with yours of the 1 6 th . of last Month, for which 
please to accept my best Thanks. It gives me singular pleasure 
to find that you view the Measure I mentioned in the same Light 
I did, & that you interest Yourself in it. Should it be attended 
with Success, it must be intirely owing to Your Influence & Inter- 
est; both which you have often exerted in Behalf of the Church 
of England, thereby laying its Members in these parts under 
great Obligations. 

On the Receipt of your Letter, I wrote in the most pressing 
Manner I could to the Society to second your Application to the 
Ministry for the Appointment of a Missionary to the Indians. 
As a Body, it may not be in their power to do much. But the 
Interest of some particular Members may be of Service. 
Whether you may think it expedient to acquaint the Society with 
it, I know not; but as you frequently correspond with them, 
mentioning it in one of your Letters might not be amiss ; for they 
want to be roused sometimes; or rather to be informed about 
American Affairs. 

Your Observations with Regard to the Scarcity of Clergymen 
are very just. To that, & to the Want of a Bishop here, more 
than to the Smallness of the Salary, is owing the Want of Mis- 
sionaries in America. Even in England at present they can 
scarce procure Clergymen enough to serve in the several Cures; 
for which I have heard the following, among other Reasons 
assigned — D r . Blackstone has lately published a Commentary 
on the Common Law of England; a Work which is executed 
with great Perspicuity & Judgment, & has made the Study of the 
Law easy & agreeable, instead of being dry, disgusting & intri- 

In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 505 

cate as formerly. So that Numbers of young Gentlemen at the 
Universities chuse to study the Law instead of going into Orders. 

I have often wished for the pleasure of an Interview with You, 
& on this Account among others — to know your Sentiments 
about the most probable & effectual Measures for Converting the 
Indians to Christianity. I have their State much at Heart; & it 
were devoutly to be wished that some Method were fallen 
upon to accomplish so desireable an Event. Several plausible 
Schemes for this Purpose have been offered to the Society by 
Clergymen ; but this Misfortune attended them in general — 
that they were drawn up by Men who knew very little of Indian 
Affairs; & like many other Hypotheses, were fair & easy in 
Speculation, but very difficult to be reduced to Practice, & prob- 
ably insufficient for the End. I too was desirous of laying a 
Scheme of this Sort before the Society ; but was prevented by this 
Reflection — that in all Probability it would share the same Fate 
with others, & for the same Reasons — I was not sufficiently 
acquainted with Indian Affairs to form a right Judgment of the 
most practicable plan; the Success of which, humanly speaking, 
can only be insured by an Attention to Circumstances, & mak- 
ing them subservient to the Design; which Circumstances cannot 
be known but by long Experience & an Intercourse with the 

No Person living is so well qualified, on many Accounts, to 
form & execute such a plan as Yourself. Your good Sense, 
your thorough Knowledge of Indian affairs, Your Influence & 
Authority with the Indians, with the Government & Society, 
conspire to point You out as the properest person. Could you 
have Leisure from Public Affairs to think of this Matter, & digest 
Your Thoughts, it is well worthy your Attention. Even sup- 
posing the Scheme should not take Place at present, it would be 
of Service hereafter, by pointing out to those who might have it in 
their Power to carry it into Execution, what Steps & Measures 
they ought to pursue. 

Many Difficulties, I confess, start up at present to obstruct 
such a Design. But the principal is the Want of a sufficient 

506 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Fund to support those who might be employed; for I do not 
doubt but Missionaries & Schoolmasters could be procured, were 
a regular Plan once formed, & a Fund provided. There are 
several worthy young Gentlemen here now preparing for Holy 
Orders, to whom I have often mentioned the Indian Missions ; 6c 
altho they seemed to be discouraged from entering upon such an 
Undertaking singly; yet shewed Willingness enough in Conjunc- 
tion with others. 

As to a Fund, I know no other Resources from which to 
expect it, than the Government & the Society; unless something 
could be done by appropriating Lands to that purpose. The 
venerable Society always have been, & I am persuaded always 
will be, ready to do every Thing in their Power. Whether the 
Government, upon a just Representation of such a Scheme, of its 
extensive Utility & Advantages to the State, & the many good 
Consequences that would attend it, might not be induced to bear 
a Part of the Burden, cannot be fully known but by a Trial. 
Many Things might be said with the utmost Truth to engage the 
Government's Attention to such a Measure; yet I own, "Whilst 
the present plan of Oeconomy subsists," as you observe, the 
Prospect is discouraging enough. 

It is the Opinion of the most sensible Writers on this Subject 
that I have met with, That it is necessary to civilize Savages 
before they can be converted to Christianity; & that in order to 
make them Christians, they must first be made Men. How far 
this, in the present Instance, may be practicable or necessary — 
& if both, what Measures are to be pursued for the Purpose — 
what Number of Missionaries, Schoolmasters or others would be 
necessary — where fixed, & under what Regulations — whether 
it would be necessary to educate some young Indians for the 
Ministry, & teach others Agriculture & some of the Mechanic 
Arts, in Case they could be brought to consent — : These are 
Matters of which you are the best Judge & ought to be con- 
sidered in this Scheme. 

Civilizing the Indians would undoubtedly be a considerable 
Step to their Conversion — would further it much, & be of great 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 507 

Advantage in other Respects. But that it is essentially neces- 
sary to their Conversion, is in some Instances contrary to Fact. 
Both we & the French have made many Converts, tho the Indians 
were not in other Respects civilized. But I confess it appears 
necessary to take them from their present vagrant Kind of Life in 
some Measure, in order to christianize them effectually, & expect 
any permanent good Effects. 

It would be visionary to expect that every particular of such 
a plan could be put in Execution immediately; yet were it regu- 
larly digested & laid before the Public, Providence might, & in 
all Probability would raise Friends for its Support. It is cer- 
tain that until some Begining, some vigorous Efforts of this Sort 
are made to draw the Attention of well disposed persons, we can 
expect but little done for the poor Savages in their present forlorn 
State. A single Mission, in the old, beaten Way, makes no 
Noise, & few will pay any Regard to it; but a regular, entensive 
Plan, with a Person of your eminent Station at the Head of it, 
& promising Success, would command Attention & awaken the 
slumbering Charity of Christians. There can be no Doubt, from 
the Liberality which the Society annually experience, but many 
pious People would afford their Assistance to it. In Queen 
Anne's Reign the Government was at a considerable Expence 
to support the Indian Mission near Albany; & at a Time when 
many Obstructions were in the Way, from the Vicinity & Influ- 
ence of the French, & the small Number of Brittish Settlers in 
those parts. These Obstructions are now intirely removed, & 
every Thing seems to insure Success, were a proper Attempt 
made. Is it not a mortifying Reflection therefore that the 
Government should lay aside every Thought about it? Or may 
we not flatter ourselves that those in Power would listen to 
Proposals for the above Purpose, if vigorously urged, & the 
Example of Government formerly, laid before them? 

It does great Honour to the Memory of the worthy Governor 
Spotswood of Virginia, that he formed a benevolent Scheme for 
the Conversion of the Indians, which had probably been attended 
with Success, if some Persons in London, from mercenary Views, 

508 Sir William Johnson Papers 

had not interposed & prevented the Execution. The Design, it 
is true, miscarried; but it will embalm his Memory nevertheless 
to future Ages, when perhaps every other Circumstance of his 
Life will be forgotten. And indeed, Sir, it will reflect peculiar 
Lustre on Your Name, that after having by your Counsels & 
Arms been greatly instrumental in reducing so considerable a 
Part of North America, & adding it to the Brittish Dominions, 
You should be instrumental also in reducing its Savage Natives 
under Subjection to the Messiah, & adding them to his Fold. 
Such an Attempt, even should it fail, is praiseworthy & glorious; 
& He that will not let a Cup of Water, given to a Disciple, go 
without a Reward; will not be unmindful of such an Effort to 
extend the Limits of his Kingdom. 

With the utmost Deference I submit the Whole of this Affair 
to your better Judgment. Perhaps my being sanguine is only 
owing to Inexperience. I would fain hope not; but were it the 
Case, I hope you will pardon what proceeds from a sincere 
Desire that the Indians, those miserable Outcasts of Humanity, 
should share in what I believe to be the greatest Benefit & Bless- 
ing — a true Knowledge of the Redeemer. I should not be so 
free & explicit, did I not presume much on the Goodness of Your 
Heart, & were I not persuaded that You ardently wish that such a 
Measure should be carried into Execution; & Providence seems 
to mark You out as the only proper Instrument to set it on Foot. 
My Situation in this place is such that I cannot flatter myself 
with the Hope of seeing You, unless you should favour New 
York with a Visit. You would therefore oblige me much by 
letting me know Your Sentiments of this Affair in a Letter, 
Nothing could give me greater Happiness than having it in my 
Power to contribute to the Design. 

Agreeable to Your Desire I send You the Society's Sermon 
for 1 769. It was preached by the excellent Bishop Newton, 
who is justly celebrated for his Dissertations on the Prophecies. 
In the Sermon You will find several Reflections to animate our 
Endeavours in spreading the Light of the Gospel among the 
Indians. Be pleased also to accept of a Discourse written by 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 509 

the great & good D r . Cudworth 1 which I had lately reprinted 
here to counteract some Enthusiastic Notions in Religion which 
gained Ground among us. 

Party Spirit ranges still with great Violence. Our good 
Friends, the Whigs will neither be quiet themselves, nor suffer 
others to live in Peace. A late Transaction about our Liberty- 
Pole 1 gave Rise to a Cantata which I send, because it may divert 
You. It is written with much Spirit, Wit & Humour; & has 
mortified the Whigs to the last Degree. The Merit of such 
Things, you are sensible, must be in a great Measure local, & 
depends on a Knowledge of the Characters that are introduced. 
I have added in the Margin the Names at Length of the Persons 
Described, as you might not be able to guess at them by the initial 
Letters. It must not however be known that I wrote the Names. 

With sincere Wishes for Your Welfare, & for Prosperity on 
all Your Undertakings ; & with the truest Esteem, I am, 

Your most affectionate, 

and obedient, humble Serv 1 
Charles Inglis 
To Sir W m . Johnson. 

INDORSED:' N. York 28 th . March 1770 

The Revr d . M r . Ingli's 

Ans d . 18 th . April 

1 Ralph Cudworth, 1 6 1 7-88, a celebrated English philosopher of the 
Platonic school. 

-The affray of Golden Hill, January 19-20, 1770. 
3 In Johnson's hand. 

510 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[Claver]ack 28th March 1770 
I ] 

I have the Honor of your Letter of the 26th instant this 
moment — I [ ] began upon the List you have requested 

of me and I am happy that [my sentijments in regard to Col°. 
Rensselaer coincide with yours. — I suppose he | | refuse 

to accept of the Command of the Regiment now it is new 
modelled, in [that] case youll be pleased at foot of the List to 
see the alterations proposed. The [Peojple here about are a 
very Divided set it is therefor by no manner of means prudent to 
advise with many People I have therefor confined myself for in- 
telligence to a few individuals and I am perswaded the inclosed 
List is as impartial a one as can possibly be made out. It is true 
there is three or four of Captain Hogebooms family in the List 
but be assured Sir this is done for reasons perfectly Justifiable and 
will answer salutary purposes. I have had some difficulty with 
my Friend Hogeboom to curb him a little he was rather impetu- 
ous in his Resentments and wanted (now the opportunity offered) 
[to] exclude his Enemies altogether: But I at length perswaded 
him that this would be following an example that has of late 
been much condemned. I strove hard to perswade him that it 
would be best to recommend John Ten Broeck (CoI°. Rensse- 
laers Nephew) as first Captain that he might be Major in case 
the Col°. should decline. But Jeremie could not be perswaded 
to this as it would | | a Domineering Family at the head 

of Military Affairs in this Quarter in time. My Reason for 
[not agr]eeing with this opinion is that I do not think Col°. Rens- 
selaer used the Ten Broeck Family [well in n]eglecting them and 
putting in John A. Van Alen in for Major — I shall not [ani- 
ma]dvert upon the Character of this 1 More than to tell you 

An omission in the manuscript. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 511 

S r . that he was a proper Tool to carry [ ] schemes 

against the Setlers upon the Contested lands into Execution. — 
Thus much I have [ to tell you in regard to those 

matters that you may be properly informed. It [ 
and the Time precious for Your Express to return from Kinder- 
hook. In haste I [ ] with the truest Love Esteem 
and Respect 

Your most obedient 

Humble Servant 



A. D. 

Claverack, [March 28, 1770] 
[ a A List of Persons recommanded for Officering] a Regiment 
of Militia Foot within the following District [viz to comprehend 
all the Inhabitants Living] North of the Manor of Livingston 
and South of an East [Line from the first Falls on the Creek 
which begins] by Major Abraham Staats's, to the extent of the 
Colony 2 

1 Words burned away supplied from the Johnson Calendar, p. 450. 

2 See map following Van Schaack to Johnson, letter of January 28, 
1770. Compare list with Third Report of State Historian, p. 761 and 



Sir William Johnson Papers 









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514 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Afea) //aucn Marc/i 29'l> 1770 

I ] 

] to my friend M r Robinsons 1 the [ | leav- 

ing Col Johnsons and had the [worst roads] I ever saw from 
Albany to his house, [ ] from thence here — I stayed 

with [ ] ys in order to recover my mair and do [ 

Bussiness, — he was Extremely Glad to hear and 

desired me the first time I wrote to [you to] make his best Com- 
pliments and assure [you that] no Person Can have a greater 
Respect [for anoth]er then he has for you, he sets out [for New] 
York in two or three days from this time [He has] been so good 
as to undertake to get the [ ] wanted there done for me — 

This is [ ] hoped and wished when I Left you he | 

] take the charge of and will I [flatter] my self be a great 

means of Enabling [me to] leave this pious Colony very soon, 
the Boston papers have been forwarded [by the] Post — by 

them you will see that [there has be] en a small Rumpus 2 in the 

great [ ] have only one side of the [ 

Printer dare not [ ] hold that Cap*. 

[Preston 3 ] that many [ 

had Resolutions [ 

under Cover to you one of [ 

got upon the Road and [ 

the Sundry Engagements [ 

I am not able to hear any [ New 

London — hope to be there [ 

make my Family happy [ ] c 

your great and Extrodinary gfoodness] which I will Studdy and 

Endeavour [ ] for, during my whole Life — 

I beg [to my] Compliments to Col°. Johnson and 

1 Beverly Robinson's house on the Hudson. 

2 Known as the Boston Massacre, which occurred on March 5, 1 770. 

3 Captain Thomas Preston, of the 29th regiment. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 515 

the ] his neighbourhood to M r - Daly 1 and [ 

] at the Hall, and that you will [accept my] most sincer 
wishes for your Health | ] and believe that I am with 

the [ ] and Respect 

Dear Sir 

Your m[ost] 

[ ] 

The Hon ble Sir William [ ] 


A. L. S. 2 

WORTHY SIR Philadelphia March 3/". 1770 

The obliging Letter, which you did me the Favour to write on 
the 1 6 th . of last Month, I received here — That which you wrote 
soon after your Return from the Treaty at Fort Stanwix, I never 
had the Pleasure of seeing — Nothing should have prevented me 
from taking proper Notice of it, had it reached me — It will 
ever be the Study and the Ambition of my Life to deserve your 
kind Regards; & you may therefore be assured that no Avoca- 
tions whatever shall interrupt that Correspondence, with which 
you have been pleased to honour me. — 

I design this Scrawl as an Apology only — I shall do myself 
the Favour to write fully as soon as I can retire from the Scene 
of Noise & Confusion which presents itself to me at present. — 
I am, Hon d . & most Worthy Sir, 

Your obliged, affect e . & obedient humble Serv 1 . 

Tho Barton 
Hon ble Sir William Johnson — 
indorsed: 3 March 31 st . 1770 
M r . Bartons letter 
^M r . Stuart — 

1 Dr Daly, Johnson's physician. — J. R. Simms, Trappers of New 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

3 In Johnson's hand. 

5 1 6 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 

Philadelphia 31 Mar 1770 

I have joind in a Letter with D r Smith & M r Barton 
in favour of a very worthy man M r Steward. As we judgd he 
woud answer your purpose in the Indian Mission we have sent 
him to you and we hope he will answer our Character & Expec- 

There happened to be a Number of Subscriptions going on at 
the time the Mohock Petition came to my hand however I at- 
tempted it but soon found I coud make no great Progress in it. 
I afterwards resumd it & was still disappointed. If we have any 
good Success in having the differences accomodated with our 
Mother Country I will make one more Essay & hope for better 

You may think us tardy in not getting you some proper persons 
for Chatechists & Missionaries but really the people of the Church 
of England are averse to let their Children study for the Ministry. 
The Dissenters take advantage of this & tho it is very mortifying 
& we remonstrate against this negligence yet we cannot put a bet- 
ter Spirit into any of our people.This is truth & a very lamentable 

The two young men who engaged to undertake Schools in the 
Indian Country & to put themselves on such a fair Tryal hoping 
their Conduct woud recommend them to the Ministry cruelly dis- 
appointed me there was such a Scarcity of German Ministers y l 
their Friends woud not part with them. The person mentiond 
in our joint Letter is a promising youth well educated — & says 
he will devote his whole Life to make himself useful in any de- 
partment you shall assign him. His Father is a Magistrate one 
M r Hall in the Neighbourhood of this City but is thro misfor- 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 517 

tunes but in low Circumstances this makes him consent to part 
with a Son for whom he has an overweening tenderness & I hope 
both of them will be the better for it. 

My health ebbs & flows & I study to be quiet & not to mix 
with the hurly burly of the times. We all mean well & think 
we can do good but we are duped out of that serenity & thought- 
fulness w ch is necessary to preserve our Union with a much better 
Spirit & Nature which are in us; not to be drownd and extin- 
guishd by the Concerns of a trouble some woud but to be tried 
by them & to get the better of them. Pardon these Reflexions, 
they arise in a mind that has been tossed to & fro with honest & 
good but worldly & tumultuous Desires respecting a world that 
will take its own Courses — in spite of what a few good men can 
say or do to mend it. I am with very kind respects to Col John- 
son M r Croghan & M r Clause 


Y r Affectionate humble 

Richard Peters 

INDORSED:' March 3 1 st 1 770 

Revr d . M r . Peter's letter 
V M r . Stuart — 


A. L. S. 2 

Philad*. March 3f* 1770 
Hon d & Worthy Sir/ 

I ought long ago to have troubled you with a letter, 
but as I could not find fit Persons to recommend (the two we first 
mentioned having declined to go) I was willing to wait till we 
could find others. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

518 Sir William Johnson Papers 

In Conjunction with M r Peters & M r Barton, who is now at 
my House, I have recommended the Bearer M r Stuart, who, I 
think, I can answer for, on long Experience, as an excellent 
Scholar, a fine Temper, & great Prudence, & I am persuaded you 
will be happy in Him, & he in you, if a tolerable Settlement can 
be got for him, under your Protection. 

I have mentioned, at the Bottom of our joint Letter, another 
Young Gentleman, M r Jacob Hall, who is to take his first Degree 
in our College next May, of whom I can say every Thing that is 
good, & I have never known a Young Man of a Zeal, Piety & 
Prudence, more promising for a faithful Indian Missionary. If 
a Support can be contrived for him, he is willing to spend two 
Years as a Catechist & Schoolmaster among the Indians, where 
you shall place him, to learn their Language before he embarks 
for holy Orders, he being yet but 22 years of Age. 

I send, by M r Stuart, 6 Copies of my Sermon before "the 
Corporation for the Relief of the Widows & Children of our dis- 
tressed Clergy;" in which Corporation we have done ourselves the 
Honor to insert your Name, knowing your great Readiness to 
countenance every humane & Charitable Work. Perhaps you 
have received the Sermon already from D r . Auchmuty. If so, 
those I send may be put into the Hands of some of your Friends, 
if you should think the Sermon worthy of that Honor. 

I am sorry we could not this Winter forward the Subscription 
M r Croghan proposed for the Benefit of the Indian Mission. 
There happened to be our Widows Fund, & two or three more 
Subscriptions on foot at the Time, & we thought it best to delay 
till these were a little over, expecting then to have more Success, 
& we hope it may not then be too late, as no Missionary is yet 

I am obliged to you for what you write to M r Barton that you 
have not lost Sight of the Matter relative to the Tract of Land 
we hope to get by your kind Offices. You would favor us much 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


by pointing out where we could apply to Advantage as soon as 
convenient. I am Hon d Sir/ 

Your obliged & obed 1 humble Servant 

William Smith 
INDORSED: 1 PhidP a . March 31 st 1770 
Doctor Smiths Letter 
ty M r . Stuart — 

A. L. S. 

Albany, 2 April, 1770 



| is moment I was favoured with yours [ 
inclosing] a Commission for John Winne, which [ 

Letter you mention to have wrote a month [ago in 
behalf] of your Friend, has never come to hand, or [I should 

] ly have answered it ; however I never knew [ 
of Cash more than I do at present, & wish it [were in] my power 
to oblidge you. If you should be [in want of] any of the fol- 
lowing goods I can supply you, [ ] Peniston, 1 p c . red 
Ratteen, Embossed Serge 4 p c . some linens, large scalping Knives, 
200 p s . Gartering of [ | to Vermilion, Callicos a few p c . 

[ Der desires I am S r . 

[ ] Y r most Obed*. Serv': 

David Van Der Heyden 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 450, under date of April 2, is listed a 
letter from John De Peyster, Albany, relating to a probate of the will 
of Daniel Danneston. Mostly burned. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

520 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 450, is listed a letter under April from 
Daniel Claus, concerning a request from Assarigoa and Saghsanageghte, 
that Thayayake may be furnished with a gorget and a coat, and an order 
on Vanderheyden. Destroyed by fire. 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall April 3 d . 1770 
Daniel Campbell 

please to pay unto M r John Stevenson of Albany, or 
to his order the Sum of Eighty five Pounds, Five Shillings, and 
Eleven pence New York Curry, & charge it to Acd. of your 

Humble Servant 
W. Johnson 
] Above in full from 
[Danjiel Campbell 

John Stevenson 

D. S. 

New York April 3 d . 1770 
[Daniel Camp] bell 

Bo*, of Perry Hayes & Sherbrooke 
[10 barrels of] Pork. .. .85/ £ 42.10 

[Received payment] at same time for Mess rs - [Perry Hayes & 

John Farrah 

Post-War Period, / 763-1 774 521 

A. L. S. 

Philad*. April 3 d . 1770 
Thy two favors of the 22 & 23 d Ult°. I received 
since, and Agreable thereto, I have Ordered [the] plate to be 
Engraved by One Dawkins who is [ | our best Artist; 

He Assures Me He will Use [his utjmost Endeavors to com- 
pleat it, in a Manner [which] shall be satisfactory to thee; as 
soon as the plate [is finished, I will have the Testimonials 
Printed. I [will] have the whole Compleated in two or three 
Weeks. I shall send them in a Box to New York ^ stage 
[an]d to the Care of My friend John Alsop whom I [shall] 
request to forward it to thee by a Proper Conveyance. 

Shall embrace the first opportunity [to forward] thy favor to 
My Brother Samuel, And am sorry [that] he has been so remiss, 
as not to write More fully [to his best?] Friend; but I Presume 
it May in part be [owing] to the want of Opportunities; We 
have not [ li]ne from Him since the 6 th Decern, when He 

spirits, and doubted not He should succeed 
[ ] tion 

] Can the General Boundary be Adopted by the 
Brittish Court, And [ ] of those two Grants not take 

place? Si [nee the Indians] conveyed those lands to G Croghan 
an[d the sufferers of] 1 763 * before they Confirmed to the 
Crow[n the Boun]dary And of Consequence the Land wi[thin 
it. I] rather Expect that the King would not [have approved] 
of a Confirmation of the Boundary had [he not meant] to have 
ratified those Grants — 

1 See Hillsborough to Johnson, May 1 3, 1 769 and Johnson to Hills- 
borough, August 21, 1769, Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., VIII: 166 
and 181. 

522 Sir William Johnson Papers 

We have certain l[etters] which inform, that, the Duke of 
Grafton 1 [has resigned] its not Mentioned Whither Any other 
Ch [ ] place, or who was to succeed Him — 

I remain with [ 
thy real [ ] 

Sir William Johnson 


L. S. 

[London 3] April 1770 
Dear Sir 

Yesterday I received [ ] Packet of the 30 t[l : 

January inclos[ing a bill on Harley] & Drummond for 
£545. .4.4 which rep [ays I paid for your Grant. 

This Letter was a Duplicate [ ] was sent by 

Lieutenant Roberts who is not [ | whenever he comes 

to me you may be assured I [shall render] him all the good offices 
in my power as I ] person recommended to me by you. 

I am very much concerned to find that [the] Administration 
here, has droped the Scheme for regu[lating] the Indian Trade, 
as I am very sensible other sort [of] People should be employed 
than they will give proper Allowances to in the 

several Colonies and that will be necessary to Superintend the 
sort of people that will be employed in the Indian Trade. 

I return you my thanks for sending me the two pamphlets by 
M r . Roberts published by the people of Connecticut as also for 
your resolution to oppose the Steps they have taken. I also return 
you my thanks for your good wishes of the Restoration of my 
Health. I continue gradually gaining strength, & am going to 
Bath in a fortnight's time, in hopes of a perfect | | as 

1 The retirement of the Duke of Grafton from the premiership occurred 
on January 22, 1 770. He was succeeded by Frederick, Earl of Guil- 
ford, Lord North. 

Pod-War Period, 1763-1774 523 

yet cannot write or I should [ ] another hand. I 

desire my Compts [ ] with much esteem 

Dear Sir 

Your most Affectionate F d . 
& most Obedient Servant 

Tho Penn 

addressed : To Charg d in London 

The Honourable Sir William Johnson [Bar'.] 

INDORSED: 1 London 3 d . April 1 770 

M r . Penns letter acknowledging 
y e . Recp f . of my Bill 
for the Expence of y e . Grant 
Ans d . 4 th July 


A. L. S. 

New London April 4 th , 1770 

I ] 

I got home the day after I wrote [from] New Haven and had 

the happiness to find [ ] woman and Family Very well, 

who are [ ] happy by your great goodness to me. 

I imployed in getting Every thing finished [ 

and flater my self I shall be able to see [you] again in may. 

We Can hear nothing from [London?] Except what is printed 
in the papers and [that] is all on one side the Question. I yes- 
terday saw [a let]ter from a Committee of Eight Gentlemen [in] 
New York Chose by a Society of Bill of Rights [ ]al 

New York who have Enter'd into divers [questions for the sup- 
port of as they say their [lives?] Libertys property &ca and have 
appointed ] committee to Correspond with all the Sons 

of [Liberty] in America and Else where, and they [ 

In Johnson's hand. 

524 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sons of Liberty in New London & Connect 1 | | their 

sentim ts & opinions upon [ ] and Tyrannical methods 

taken by [the ministry] with the province of the Massa [chusetts 
Bay &] Town of Boston — in Consequence of this a Grand 
meeting [ ] here and a Committee appointed to let 

the] Society in New York know the [ and so the 

Ball is to be keep[t rolling. It] is Very Plain that several 
Peo]ple in] N York and Boston are making a f fortune out] of 
it by advancing the price of the [ir | their will be a Vessell 

from here [ ] in a few days when I shall send 

you | | of young trees and some other things [in the] 

Gardening way as well as a few | Black and orchard 

Grass seeds — 

with the papers I have [ ] a small 

pamphlet wrote by an Hon [est] Churchman upon the Right 
of this [province to] the Susquehanna Lands I have not | 
but am told it is pretty well do[ne Give] my Compliments to 
Col° Johnson [and the other] Gentlemen in his Neighbour [hood. 
M rs ] Chew prays you'l Accept [her best] Compliments and 
sincere | | health which may [ | restore 

I am with the [great] est truth and Regard 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed 1 . & most 
Hble Serv*. 

Jos Chew 

I have wrote to Col° Gardiner and Expect [to] have his 
answer in time to forward by the Next Post with Respect to His 

M r Terrill spent a day or two in this town is now over at Long 
Island & I am told Expected here again. 

[Honora]ble SlR WlLLIAM JOHNSON Bar 1 . 

"Ugh! I no dream any more. White ehief dream better than Indian" 

Sir William Johnson and King Hendrick, illustrating the legend of the dream 
From Martha J. Lamb's History of New York City, vol. I, p. 558 

-<j ■ 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 525 

D/. 1 

[Johnson Hall, April 6, 1770] 

I ] 

] favour of yours with the Letters from 

] the pipe therein mentioned I have had 
a [ description of it from sev 1 . and find 

it does not [ [ by him. The principal of the 

Cherokees on this [embassy is a m]an of some Consequence 
well known to be Such [ ] the Indians & furnished 

with belts from all the Tribes, [ ] the known 

Caution of Indians in these Matters, and their [apprehejnsion 
that probably they would have been dissuaded from their 
[ ] I am not at all Surprized at their Concealing 

part of their [object ] from M r . Stuart, which certainly is 

principally with a design [of] an Alliance for carrying on a 
War against some of [the We] stern Indians &ca J , & this is 
admitted in a great measure in Camerons Letter, but that it is not 
against the Chactaws, now [I am] induced to think that the 
Chactaws are not the people the [Chero]kees have for their 
object; but that that comes from the [Six Na]tions inclination 
to carry on a War against them rather than [again] st the Western 
Ind s . but be this circumstance as it will a Union [to carry] on 
War in Conjunction is the principal Object of their [Embass]y. 
I should by all means inform you that I have rec d . [the] Intelli- 
gence which I think I can rely on, That the Kickapous, 
[Piankash]aws & Wawiaghtonos with some others do intend 
In the [ | of summer or sooner to attempt the 

reduction of the Ilinois, this I [ many Circum- 

stances from some Indians of credit confid]ence 

1 In Guy Johnson's handwriting. 

2 See Johnson to Hillsborough, February 10, 1770, in Doc. Rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:203-4. 

526 Sir William Johnson Papers 

which they repose in me 6c which has induced them [ 
thing the discovery of [ ] the publick & therefore 

I have no reason [ ] material sho d . [ ] 

[ ] up to the 25 th . [of March?] 

[ *] 

Exceed the Allowance [ ] it as to retrench my 

Expences [ ] settlement; I hope to be favor [ed 

] Ammount of the Accts now sent and [ 
Esteem Dear Sir, &ca 

M r . Croghan tells me that on his representation of their 
Necessity you were pleased to desire the Continuance of the 
Smiths at Fort Pitt, & Detroit, in Consequence of which he has 
sent me an Acct of their 2 pay, to be transmitted to you, as you 
were pleased to say you would take upon you that expence. — 

Goods for Ind n . presents being (by the new agreement 
amongst the Trading People) Scarce & dear, in so much that I 
am great [ly ] any, I will therefore be glad to have a 

Credit [ ] wherewith to purchase in England Su[ch 

as are] most wanted, & necessary for carrying on [ 
Department, and that in time, So as [ ] be here by 

the latter end of summer. 

A. Df. 

[Johnson Hall April 6 J 770] 

] favored with your Letter concerning [some 

money] formerly advanced to Capt. Tho s . Butler in [ 1 756 :! for 

whi]ch I have looked over all my papers & books at 

le]ngth find in one of my old Books of account | en] try 

1 Several lines missing. 

2 From this point the letter is in Johnson's handwriting. 
8 Date supplied from Johnson Calendar, p. 45 1 . 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 527 

in the Year 1757 ["March 14 lhl ] To Capt. Phil. [Schuyler ] 
Capt Bradstreets Letter & by order of Lord Loudon the sum 

of[ "J . 

I have not been able to discover any thing else relative [ 
from the Multifarious business of my Department [and] other 
particulars There are indeed Many of my papers & [ ] &ca 
of that period Still remaining at Fort Johnson 2 , which [I have 
not] removed to this place as Judging I should have little or no 
] to recurr to them, These I have not had an oppor- 
tunity [of examining since the rect. of your Letter, but, as the 
above Entry ] my Book of Public Expences for that 

period I apprehend [will] Sufficiently clear up the matter for I 
have always [been ] Care full to make no Charge or Entry 

that could not be [ ] 

Col. Johnson acquainted you sometime ago about [ 
the flatts, which I find are estimated beyond their [ ] at 

present I see no prospect of coming to any terms [ 
with them in the manner I could have wished for 
] with Much Esteem 



A. L. S. 

April 8* 1770 

[Yeste]rday I was feavar d . with boath [your] honors Leters by 
the Mandring [gentle] man you Menshon whome I know well. 
[I am] Greatly oblidg d . to you for y e . Truble [you] have Taken 
to procure Me y e . Mony [I wan] ted & was aperehensife itt wold 
[be dif] fecult to be gott as I well Know [y e . scarce] ty of Mony 
Every where I am [not] the first that has been dipt in law So it 

1 Crossed out in the original. 

2 Cf. I:xiv, History of the Manuscripts. 

528 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Must Take its Course Till [ ] Do something with part of 

those [lands?] of w h . I have two Much for I Neaver [ 
to Keep above 20,000 for My [self &] Prevost that is 10,000 
Each Butt [ ] them I Must Do y e . Best I can [ ] 

of My hands 

] packett is a Long while out [ | to hear from 

M r . Wharton and M r . Trent If they succeed [in getting the 
grant 1 ] to the Traders Confirm* 3 . & [ My preporsion 

thereof it will [ ] as to My own Grant for the [ 

| fairly & openly & paid Honestly [ | posesion 

of twenty years I Dout [ ] will confirm them att present 

Made by Lord Hillsburgh, However [ 
Nott to Give up My property because [he] or any other Minister 
Should think I only wait to hear the Event of 

To Take Some Steps to Secure ti [tie] for those 
Lands with the Improve [ments] Made on them Stands Me in 
M [ Pensylvaine Mony w h . is To because 

a Minister of State Sa[ys If his Majsty be Determmd 

th[ | them I Must Louse them yett [I do not] acknol- 

edge the Justuse Don & giveing itt to a Nother 

Sub[ject of my Labors for twenty ye[ars 

was Inform d . from Cherry vally [of a fray 2 ] Boston w\ y r . 
honor Menshuns | | those small things will [ 

Greater the pople No where [in the] Colonys Seem plase d . with 
y c . Conduct [of] the army, there Must be afault [som]ewhere 
If itt be in the pople [they] ought to be Dragoon d . into thire 
[duty?] w h . Nesesity in Such Cases Require [ 
Ever So Disagreeable & in that Case [there] Seems to be a 
Want of power I ]en l . or Sperret in the Kings [Ge]neals 

to Do itt, if a Spanish & [Fre]nch Warr Dont Setle y'. Difer- 
ence [be]tween his Majsty & Subjects att home | ] abroad 

& that Soon he Must have | butt a Trublesome Time 

1 To compensate for traders' losses by Indian depredations in 1 763. 

2 Supplied from the Johnson Calendar. It relates to the "Boston 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 529 

of itt [ ]st forgive Me for Diping into [ ] & 

blive Me with the Greatest [ | y r . honors Most obedent 

Humble Servant 

[ ] Geo: Croghan 

P. S. I am Truly Sencable [ Wishiss 

& frendshipe for Me ] My Sincear thanks for all y r . 

[ ] that of Makeing Me a Justuse [ ] Must 

beg Lave to Decline itt as I [ ] I have Nott the Least 

ambition to [ ] publick in any Station whatsoever. 

[When I] form'd My plan for Setleing in [this region? 1 ] itt was 
with a Viwe of retirement & [my] ambition was to become a 
Sim [pie in] y r . Niborhood where I Might [have the] 

plesher of Visiting y r . honor onst in Months for I 

ashure you I have N [ot Viwe to Richess or honours 

I am yett very Lame & Like I think [to | So the Snow 

is yett hear in y e . woods and my felds all Coverd with Ise [I 
seem ?] an old Criple begining y e . World a [new] blive Me Ever 

y rs . 

I must give [you the trouble of ?] Sending the Inclos d . Leter 
to | | & if any Leter Comes by y e . [ 

[Sir William] Johnson Barr 1 . 


A. L. S. 

[New York, April 8, 1770] 
favoured] With your acceptable favour of the [ 
which I] have duly observed & in answer once] sitt 

down & write out your Account | ] Can wish from the 

Commencement of the which] I will send you the In- 

stant it is finished which [ this week — The Severall 

Articles you orderd [M r Campbell has] taken Note of from me 
& has desird He might [bring] up with him, which I consented 
to the rather because [he] will take Care of them & forward 

1 Otsego. 

530 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them safe to you [I have] ransacked this City for the Mill Saws, 
but have [been able] to find but one Single Saw of the right Sort 
to Suit | ] the Saws must be Dutch, the English Ones 

will only [ ] Saw mills, they being too thick for a frame 

mill ] happy in communicating the Enclosed paper to 

you [ ] inform you where to meet with them in Albany, 

it [ ] to write immediately for them to some person 

in Albany [ ] some other person will purchase them, as 

they are an Article ] Demand & as you See very 

scarce; for which Reason I will [ ] write to Mr Ship- 

boy & desire him to purchase them for [ ] you to write 

him immediately to confirm it. [ ] Tongues and Biscuit 

shall be sent by first Sloop [ ] Campbell or Mr Ellice 

who are both here [ ] write a Line to M r Oliver 

De Lancey 1 [ ] in the Oneida purchase. 


In the Johnson Calendar under date of April 8, 1770, written at 
New York City, is listed a letter from James Rivington on the resignation 
of the Duke of Grafton, "the prevalence of the Chatham Rockingham 
and the old whigg Squadron," Lord North and Lord Morden. Destroyed 
by fire. 

Extract 2 

La chine 8 lh Apr 1 1770 
Philip the Caghnawagey Interp r . desires me [in] behalf of the 
chiefs to let you know, that young Carleton 3 & they are not upon 

1 Regarding Deniston's share — Johnson Calendar, p. 45 1 . 
- Preceded by Claus' explanation to Johnson: 
I ] in my Absence is to receive 

District when upon Business 
] Intelligence acquaints me as 

3 Captain Lieutenant Christopher Carleton of the 3 1 st regiment ; 
Major of the 29th in the War of the Revolution. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 531 

a good Understands- [ ]ther, for in every Council he 

calls them to [he] does nothing but scold them & upbraid them 
[for] their supposed Insincerity in not telling him [all th]at 
passes among them — Philip says he [ ] ts to have all the 

ruling Governmt of the [wh]ole Village, & that nothing should 
be done there but by [his] Directions, he is jealous with them on 
your [ace] ' and says if you were here they would soon [ 
to you & tell you all things. The chiefs & [ 

jcame M r . La Rumiers & Clinyancours familys [have been 
put] ting mischief in his head, and have asked him [ 
times, who it was told them such strange [ ] he never 

will tell them his Author, which [ ] the chiefs & 

they tell him it must be the [ ] gone to Quebec ab*. 

3 weeks ago, they [ ] They likewise say their 

father [ ] a Smith to be in their Village [ 

ago their Village [ trembling w ch . made [ ] 

Issue of w ch . they now can [ 
you know their pain & fear [ 

was born nothing could frighten [ ] 

father the Gov r . threatens them [ 
Priest out of their Village as he [ 
Breth". at S l . Regis, they would be [ 

they have done & why their grievances are not heard & redressed 
| promised to enjoy their Liberty of Conscience [as] 
in the french time & cant account for [ ] should be 

deprived of it without reason [ ] speedy Redress, for fear 

their Village ] so long might at last tumble and 

crush [ | & children. 

The chiefs bid me to acquaint you [for] they could pretty 
nigh guess the reason of [it] that young M r . Carleton expected 
they [would ] him in the Light they do you, w ch . they 

th[ink un] reasonable of a Stranger whom they [ 
yesterday, when on the contrary you was [more] than 9 years 
managing their Aff rs . [with] Satisfaction. 

Several lines burned off. 

532 Sir William Johnson Papers 


La Chin Apr. 9 
Translation of Pere Gordons Leftter] 1 

i --] 

Genjeral ordered me to Settle or [ ]ables 

without w c!l . he would not [allow me to] remain at S' Regis but 
to come away [without] delay. The Iroquois who detest 
[more th]an ever the Neighborhood of the Abinaq s . [and 
Hert]el, say they will not proceed in the Affair [until] they hear 
from S r . William Johnson or you that they would rather be 
without their Mission^, a while than to be oblidged to have 
airways [neig]hbours ab l . them w th . whom they could never live 
in peace. They rely strongly on S r . William's doing them more 
justice than the General, and that he [wi]ll enforce & fulfill the 
Speech he made in the [na]me of the King after the taking of 
Canada [at] Caghnawagey. The chiefs of Caghnawagey 
[com] plain and tell me they are much displeased [with] young 
M r . Carleton 3 , who endeavours with M r . [Cli]gnantcourt to drive 
Father Huguet from Cach[nawag]ey, they say he is a child that 
knows nothing [of] Ind n Matters but to put them in confusion, 
[he] expects to have a Commission of Commissary [ 

lor ina". /-mi 1 ", uus 

^ g I am respectfully 


& ca 

Anthony Gordon Jes le 


] letters 


] Concerng 


] Conduct 



1 This translation and the extract from Hugh Heney's letter are on 

one sheet forwarded by Claus to Johnson. 

- Several lines burned off. 

:; Compare with other instances of Carleton's active interest in Indian 

4 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 533 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 242, are listed the following letters and 
documents which were destroyed by fire: a letter of April 9, 1770, from 
Henry Van Schaack, Kinderhook regarding a charge against Captain 
Hogeboom, an aspersion on Van Schaack, a scheme of Justice Quackin- 
boss and Isaac Goes to remove the place of town meeting, and fees for 
commissions; a letter from Jeremiah Hogeboom, Claverack, April 9, 
1 770, regarding a charge that he has incited Indians to make unjust claims 
and disturbances; a receipted bill of Ury Janner, Claverack, April 9, 
I 770; a receipted bill of Hugh Gain, New York City, April 10, 1 770; 
and a bill of Dirk Potman, New York City, April 10, 1 770, for shoes. 

L. S. 1 
s Quebec 10 ih . April 1770. 

I herewith transmit You a Copy of the Bond and Licence 
granted to the Indian Traders that set out from this Province this 
Summer, in which all possible Precaution is taken, as far as in 
my Power lies, to guard against every Abuse that I have had 
any Information of, and specially that of delivering Belts or 
Messages, or holding Councils on any other Account than that of 
their private Trade; if any Thing else could be suggested more 
likely to produce the desired Effect, I should be always ready 
to attend to it, as I ever am to Cooperate with His Majesty's 
other Servants on this Side of the Water in every Point that tends 
to His Service. 

I am with great Regard 

Your most Obedient and 
most Humble Servant 

Guy Carleton 


The Honorable Sir W M . JOHNSON Bar 1 . 
Superintendant of Indian 
Affairs in the Northern District. 

1 In the collection of Willis T. Hanson, jr, Schenectady, N. Y. 

534 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. Df. S. 

Johnson Hall April 10*. 1770 — 2 P M 

Your letter of yesterday I this moment rec d . and unluckily am 
so emerged at present in business of a very consequential nature, 
that I have only time to assure you, I am extremely concerned to 
hear, that, some designing, 111 disposed Person has endeavoured 
to traduce your Character at New York, and that my time will 
not possibly admit of my saying, or writing in your favour what 
my long acquaintance with you as an officer & ca . entitles you to. 
— I presume you will think it necessary to proceed imediately to 
New York, and endeavour to find out y e . Author of so malicious 
an Aspersion, and to Satisfy the LA Governour of the Injustice 
of the accusation, to whom I have (from a thorough knowledge 
of y r . merit as an officer these 20 Years) recommended you. & 
which I flatter myself will still have due weight with him, upon 
your appearing there & clearing up the matter. — I am so hurried 
that I cant spare a moment to add more than that I am, — Sir, 
P. S. as to y e . report of y r . Setting up Your Welwisher 

Indians to claims of Land, I beleive & Humble Servant 

it not, as in such case, I should most W. JOHNSON 

certainly have heard of it from them, 
as they never conceal any thing of the 
kind from me. — 

Cap t . Hogeboom 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 535 


i4pn7 70"" 7770 

I am extremely sorry to find that such Illnitured & malicious 
aspersions have lately been made use of to Capt. Hogebooms"' 
prejudice; and much so, that I am so immensely hurried at 
present as not to have it possibly in my power to say as much 
in his favour, as my long acquaintance with him, (as an officer 
&ca) entitles him to. 

However I doubt not, but his immediate appearance at 
N. York with a proper Instrument Signed by the respectable part 
of the Inhabitants, (Contradicting the charge made ag st . him) 
will remove all doubts with the Gov r . &ca. — when I hope he 
may be able to find out the Author, and treat him as he deserves. 
— I am glad to hear that you carried y r . point in the Election of 
Supervisors, as I am also that y e . Corns 115 , are ready. Sending the 
Fees before the Coms ns . are distributed is new & unprecedented, 
and must arise from the backwardness of some in paying their 
Fees, or the Officer in remitting it. I could not have said more 
(with propriety in favour of Cap 1 . Hogeboom than I did in my 
Several letters for this time past & should be extremely sorry was 
it to prove ineffectual, w h . I hope will not be the case. — My kind 
respects to M rs . Vanschaack to whom I send some of my Seed, 
and wish it may flourish, I would have Sent her more, but as 
many are desireous of partaking of it, I was oblidged to be spar- 
ing of it. Excuse my brevity, & beleive me Y rs 

Sincerely — 

W. Johnson 
H Vanschaack Esq r . 

1 In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Autograph Letters, vol. x. 

2 Captain Jeremiah Hogeboom, of the Claverack militia. 

536 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

April II, 1770 
Sir William Johnson B' 

D r To Jn°. Wetherhead 

Cash paid Holt 1 the Printer for papers To N°. 

1406 £ 4. 4. 9 

Balance on 3 pipes Wine 6 . 1 . 2 

Sundries Sent you Viz. Silk Hkfs & ca & Post 4 
Sir John Johnson for 2 fine Pier Glasses Sent up 

to that Gent", in 1 766 51.18 

£66. 3.11 

Receivd the 1 1th April 1770 from the Honorable Sir William 
Johnson Bar 1 by the Hands of Daniel Campbell Esq r . Sixty Six 
pounds three Shillings and Eleven pence being in full of S r Wil- 
liams Act to this Day 

John Wetherhead 


Wetherheads Acc f . 
& Recpt. April 1 770 
£66.. 3.. 11 
paid — 

1 John Holt, born in 1721 in Williamsburg, Va., died January 30, 
1 784, in New York City. He established, with James Parker in 1 759, 
The Gazette and Post Boy. In 1 766 he founded the TVeu; York 
Journal. During the Revolution Holt conducted newspapers in support 
of the American cause at Norfolk, Va., New York, Fishkill, Esopus, 
Hudson and Poughkeepsie. 

2 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 537 

A. L. S. 

Albany I2 l K April 1770 

I am told by M r . Banyar I must [have] my Indian Deed 
prov'd by you as one of the Council, a Master in Chancery or 
one of the Judges of the Suprem Court — as Coll. Butler & M r . 
Tice are near you, I have taken the liberty of desiring they 
would apply to You for that purpose — and 

Also to make oath that the Lands were agreed for before the 
signing the late Treaty (otherwise I stand a Chance of coming 
but badly of) It is certain the Indians gave two Deeds for the 
Lands at Fort Stanwix, which I burt 1 at your House on the 
Indians signing the present Deed wherein the Whole was com- 
prehended, and those Deeds were signd antecedant to the Treaty 
for Selling the line between the Colonys & the Indians — 
Colonells Croghan & Butler with M r . Adams & others were 
present at the burning the Two Deeds above mention'd, and the 
former was the person who obtain'd the Deeds. Col. Morris, 
Gov r . Franklin, Co 1 . Croghan & M r . Weatherhead were upon 
the same foot with me in respect to the Indian Deeds, agreed on 
at Fort Stanwix but not certified by the Gov r . till Feby. at your 
house — and Gov r . Colden has granted Patents for all those 

] of Council, it appearing [ 
the Lands had been Bona fide a [greed upon] before the Treaty 
was sign'd. 

I hope you will excuse my [being so] frequently troublesome 
to you, and be assur'd I shall always have great pleasure in 
proving to you by actions that I am with great esteem 


Your Most obedient 
& very humble Servant 

Jn° Bradstreet 

1 Burnt. 

538 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Since writing the above I have received your favor of the 
6 111 Instant and am perfectly well satisfied with what you 
say respecting the money Col 1 . Butler had from me and am 
sorry you have had so much trouble. 

If you would please to give a Certificate that the Lands 
mention'd in my Deed was agreed for with the Indians 
before the Treaty was s[ign'd] at Fort Stanwix it would 
be of great service 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


A. L. S. 1 

London 13 Ap". 1770 
Dear Sir 

I took a passage in a Deck'd Boat wch came On board us off 
the Isle of Wight, on the 7 Ins. M r James & I lay at Portsmouth 
& arrived here the 8 th Our passage was turbulent the 15 ,h . & 16 
ult°. a Violent Storm lay too under a Mizzin Stay Sail, Our 
Boats & all our Hogs Sheep W e . Wash'd off the Main Deck, & 
all our Hen Coops wash'd aft. many of the Poultry drown'd, 
however we were so plentifully Stock'd felt no lack. 

I presented your Letter to Lord Hilsborough the lO' 1 '. he 
Asked me some few Questions relative to N. York, desired me 
to leave my directions that he might know where to find me as 
he should want to speak with me, offerd me his Service & assis- 
tance, in any respect I should want. 

M r . Penn" received me Very Friendly, he is in Such a bad 
State of health that he has not been able to Wait upon any of 
the Ministry about his Own affairs, tho he say's he has an affair 
of great Consequence depending, he cannot walk without being 

1 In New York Historical Society, New York. 

2 Richard Penn, proprietary and titular governor of Pennsylvania, 
died in 177!. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 539 

Supported nor has lie wrote anything except his name for some 
months. & that he can hardly make intelligible, he sets off for 
Bath on Tuseday next where he is to remain for 6 Weeks, he 
desires me to call tomorrow for a Note he will have wrote, to 
recommend me to M r . Pownal who is dep>\ Secretary to Lord 
Hilsborough I wish him well as he seems much your friend 

Rogers is just got Out of the Kings Bench prison on Bail, he 
fought his Way thro the jaylers & turnkeys, would pay no fees. 
I have met with Frank Wade who says he swears Vengeance 
against me, it's intirely false his having Kiss'd the Kings hand, 
he has received uppwards of £100 pay as Governer, up to the 
25 of Dec r . & hear it is Continued, they have also granted him 
£4,000 to pay his Debts, there are various reports what further 
they will do for him, but from the best authority I can find he is 
universally despised & if he can Keep his pay, they think him 
well off 

Lieut: Sinclair is likely to get the Direction of the Lakes, 
Loring to have Captains half pay Phil. Levingston has got 
Secretary, to the Governor of Pensecola, also some Other places 
in all about £600 str 'i ;) An. M r . Touchet 1 seems very 
fond of his mining plan, the Expences as he was laying out 
matters would arise to as much as all our department, they are 
going to have an immense grant of Lands & priviledges in that 
Country some people are soliciting to have Michihmackinak & 
Detroit made in Governments that they may enjoy them. Lord 
Hilsborough has received Complaints against M r . Glazier 2 , he 
mentioned to the Canada traders if a body of them would prove 
anything against a Commandant he should be removed 

It seems Government took some notice of the Regimentals 
Capt & c . that were ordered for Sir Johns Troop, wch brought 
on some discourse about you when Lord Hilsborough said he 
look'd upon you to be the Best Subject his Majesty has. 

I have waited on M r . Pownal, who asked me many Questions 
concerning Our department, he seems to think the allowance 

1 Samuel Touchet. 

2 Captain Beamsly Glasier. 

540 Sir William Johnson Papers 

made a very great Sum, that if the Expence was unlimited it 
would not avail if the French or Spaniards Out Bid us. that as 
to what the traders has been representing, the Want of Civil 
Judicature, it is best the upper posts should be thrown into Some 
Government & mentiond Canada 

ne spoke of General Gages Letter importing his having Con- 
sented to a Congress, that 'twas a disagreeable alternative, to 
give His Majesty's Sanction to Setting the Nations at War with 
each other, but yet 'twas better than their falling upon the White 
people, that the Indians will never want pretexts for congresses 
if they are Indulged, upon the whole I have heard every one 
of his arguments used by Gen 1 . G — & his Sec?. — the General 
is a great favorite, there is nothing he can Ask but he'll get, I 
am heartily sorry for my journey. I find there is no hopes from 
services, as I have no body to thunder it in their Ear, Was I a 
Brettainer, some of the Clans would Bellow for me,; I have no 
resource the Qubekers have carried Out vast Quantitys of goods 
£70,000 str & upwards to Montreal alone besides what are 
Charterd for Quebeck its imagined above 1 50,000 worth of 
Goods in all. 

Tuesday 1 7 

Yesterday Saw the King Review Burgoynes & Elliott, a 
most noble Sight, to day met with Goreham. who tells me 
Rogers has been very Voceferous chiefly against you. & intends 
to sue me however that he & some Friends have made him Quiet. 
Gorham has got a 10/ Govrnment in N. F Land & is to get 
rank of L f . Colonel I am heartily tired of London its dreadfull 
to see how abusive the papers are against the King vast prepara- 
tions for Wilks enlargement its said, the L — M-y-r. has got a 
number to sirve him & will draw all they Can out of the Bank, 
he makes an Entertainment Cost £10000 — is thought the draft 
on the Bank will be for many Millions 

I wish you & your family every kind of happiness & remain 

Your most affectionate 
humble Servant 

B Roberts 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 541 

pray favor me with a Line 
on Receipt of this 

S R . W M . Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: London 13 th . April 1770 
L 1 . Robert's Letter 


L. S. 

Whitehall April 14 th : 1770 

I have received and laid before the King your Dispatch of 
the 1 0*. of Febry N°. 12. 

The matter proposed to the Confederacy of the six Nations by 
the Cherokees is of great Importance, and it is with Concern His 
Majesty observes that the answer to be given to the Cherokees is 
made to depend upon your opinion and Advice, by which the 
King will stand committed in measures which, if they adopt the 
proposition of a War against the Southern & Western Indians, 
are irreconcileable with the principles of humanity and if on the 
contrary they tend to Union of Indian Interests and Politicks, 
endanger the Security of His Majesty's Colonies by enabling 
the Savages to turn their Arms against Us. 

This consequence however, which you seem to think would 
follow from discouraging a War against the Southern and 
Western Indians, is certainly to be avoided if possible, and 
therefore the King, however unwillingly, cannot but approve of 
your adopting the Alternative, and making the Security of His 
Subjects [and ] the principal Object of your 

Attention but it would be most pleasing to His 

Maj[esty could be attained without encouraging 

[the] Savages in their barbarous Attacks on each [other] 

542 Sir William Johnson Papers 

It would have been more fortunate, upon every consideration, 
that this Congress could have been avoided, not only as it does in 
its consequences involve His Majesty as a Party in a Business of 
so disagreeable a Nature, but also as it will, I find, be attended 
with an expence beyond what your stated allowance will admit of. 

The King however relies upon your Assurances on the one 
hand, that this expence is unavoidable, and, on the other, that 
the Service shall be conducted with all the Frugality and 
Oeconomy that is possible, consistent with the public Safety; 
and, under these Assurances, His Majesty approves of your 
applying to Major General Gage who will have Orders to defray 
what Expence shall be absolutely necessary on this occasion. 

It is to be hoped that it will not be long before those Colonies, 
whose Security depends upon [the good Will] and Affection 
of the Savages, will see the necessity of such regulations as will 
be effectual to prevent those Abuses which at present give so 
much Discontent to them. In the meantime you will not fail to 
exert every Influence in your Power to prevent these Abuses 
from having such an Operation upon the Minds of the Indians, 
as to disturb that Tranquillity which is so essential to their true 

I am with great Regard 

Your Most Obedient 

Humble Servant 
[Sir] William Johnson Bar'. 

indorsed: 1 White Hall April 14. 1770 
LA Hillsboroughs letter 

N. 13- ' 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 543 

Df. 1 

Ap l . 15* 1770 

I would not let M r Stuart return without a Line to you, tho' 
I have not at present time to say much, but Must deferr it till 
another opportunity, when I shall Answer Your last Letter 
which I have also received. — 

The recommendations I have had with M r Stuart Must intitle 
him to my Approbation & as he appears very hearty in the under- 
taking I have pointed out the Mohock Mission to him, and I 
dare say he will be approved of & ordained from the Testi- 
monials he is to Carry over in his favor. — 2 

I sincerely wish he may turn out to be a Man of Zeal and 
Attention proportionable to his Size as you observe, in which 
Case he may be of great Service, the Clergy of Philad a . recom- 
mend also a M r Hall who is extremely desirous of taking orders 
& devoting himself to the Service of the Indians, and I am 
thinking that if he was at Conajoharee for a time where a 
Church is now building it might be of Service to him & them 
but I must deferr any thing farther till another opporty, assuring 
you that I am Most sincerely D r Sir 

Your true Well Wisher 

& very humble Serv'. 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C, in handwriting of Guy 

2 A Memoir of the Rev. John Stuart, D.D. is printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 4:505-20; Q, 4:313-22. Several letters of Dr John Stuart 
are included in a paper on the Rev. George Okill Stuart contributed by 
Professor A. H. Young, of Trinity College, Toronto, to the Ontario 
Historical Society's "Papers and Records," vol. XXIV, 1927. The 
paper is reprinted in pamphlet form. 

544 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Df. 1 

Aph /5* 1770 
D R S R / 

I have Just time before the departure of M r Stuart to give 
you thanks for your favor by him, His Character is such that I 
think he will Answer very Well for the Mohock Mission at Fort 
Hunter & I dare say from the recomendations he will Carry 
that he will be ordained & approved of & that he will prove 
usefull in a place where a Missionary is very much Wanted. — 
As I am at present Circumstanced in point of time I can only 
Say that I have rec d . M r Inglis's Letter which I shall Answer by 
the post and that you and he may be Assured that as I am very 
sensible of the reasonableness of the proposal, it shall meet with 
all the support I can give it, But the Zeal with which all 
endeavors for our Church is opposed, and the Lukewarmness of 
many in power in Matters of Religion Joined to other 
Circumstances must render it very uncertain to determine 
concerning the Success of any such Application, however I shall 
write in a few days more fully and shall at all Events do every 
thing in my power in a Cause that Stands so much in Need of 
Support, & that is of such real importance. 

I am persuaded that you will never Lose sight of any thing 
that may be Conducive to the Church & be Assured that I am 
always with great regard D r Sir 


D R . Cooper. 

indorsed: Ap 1 . 15 th . 1770 

to D r . Auchmuty & 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 545 

D. S. 1 

Quebec, April 15, 1770 

[ ] Carleton 

] Governor in Chief 
in and over the [Province of] Quebec, 
Vice-Admiral of the same, and 
[Briga]dier General of His Majesty's 
Forces, &c. &c. 

In obedience to His Majesty's Com- 
mands, this Licence is granted to 

A B to pass unmolested 

with one Canoe manned with 

Six Men (whose Names, 

Occupations and Places of Abode, and 
also the Quantity of Merchandize on 
board, are reported upon Oath and 
specified in the Margin) to 

]ers Montreal Michilimakinac and from 

thence to such Markets or Parts as he 
shall find most advantageous for the 
Disposal of the said Merchandize, and 
there to trade or traffick with any of the 
Indian Nations living under his Majesty's 
Protection, with Liberty to dispose of 
any such Goods and Effects as he shall 
occasionally find a Market for in his 
Passage to Michilimakinac aforesaid, he 
taking Care to endorse upon this Licence 
the Quantity and Quality of the Goods 
so disposed of, and shewing the same to 

1 A printed form to be filled out in writing. 


546 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Commanding Officer of the next 


Provided Always, That nothing 
herein contained shall be construed to 
extend to give any Authority to the said 

A B to do any Act or 

Thing, or to trade to any Place, contrary 
to such Regulations as His Majesty may 
have been pleased to make, or shall 
hereafter think proper to make, by 
Himself or by the Commander in Chief, 
or by any Person properly authorized to 
give Directions concerning the Indian 


Provided also, That he the said 

A B and also all and 

every the Master or Masters of, and all 
other Persons concerned in navigating 

the said Canoe shall first have 

taken and subscribed the Oaths endorsed 
on this Licence, in the Presence of the 
Commanding Officer at Montreal, and 
shall also have given Security to observe 
and keep the same, and also that he the 

said A B will not take 

with him, or permit any of his People to 

Quantity and Quality take with them, any other Person or 

of Merchandize, viz. Persons, but such as usually have 

] Gallons of followed, or intend hereafter to follow, 

Rum and Brandy, the Occupation of navigating Battoes or 

Gallons of Canoes; and further, that he the said 

Wine. A B and all such 

Fusils. Persons as he shall take with him, shall, 

] hundred Pounds and will immediately on his or their 

of Gun-Powder Return to the City of Montreal, present 

Hundred themselves to, and personally appear 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 547 

Weight of Shot before, the Officer commanding at 

and Balls. Montreal, and take a Certificate from 

] Seventy Bales, him in Writing, of their having so per- 

Ten Kegs, and five sonally appeared, Death, or any other 

Boxes of other Mer- unavoidable Accident, only excepted. 

chandize, in all 

amounting to Five These Securities being given, this 
hundred [ ]nds Licence to be in force for Twelve 

lawful Money Months, otherwise to be null and void to 

of the said Province, all Intents and Purposes. 

or thereabouts, Given under my Hand and Seal 

Oath of at Arms, at the Castle of Saint 

(Signed) A B. Lewis, in the City of Quebec, 

Sworn before me, this Tenth Day of April One 

at Montreal, this Thousand Seven Hundred 

1 5th April and Seventy 

P Q J s . P s . (Signed) GUYCARLETON 

I [ ] 

and bear true Allegiance [to His Majesty 

send, to the utmost of my Power [ 

I ; — 1 ] 

or do anything prejudicial to the Interest of His Majesty [King 

| directly ; and if any Matter or Thing shall come to 

my Knowledge [ ] Government is or 

may be affected or injured, I will immediately give intelligence 

] Commander in Chief of this Province, and also to the 

Commanding Officer [ ] the Time of 

making such Discovery, particularly if I shall know or hear of any 

] that I shall conceive to be to the Prejudice of 

His Majesty's Service; I will do my [ 

known such Matter to the Governor and Commanding 

Officer aforesaid. And I do further [ 

That in all my Dealings with the several Nations or Tribes 

of Indians to whom I [ ] will confine myself entirely 

to the sole Purposes of Traffick and Commerce; and I will [at no 

548 Sir William Johnson Papers 

time ] publick Talk with any of their Chiefs; nor 

enter into any of their Councils, nor make any [ 
them, or any of them, save and except such as are merely relative 
to the Purposes aforesaid, [ particular Manner I 

will not deliver, or cause to be delivered, or consent to the being 
delivered, [ ] Wampum, or other Belts, or 

Strings, to any Indian Chief or Chiefs, or other Indian or Indians, 
] Course of Trade, or merely for the Purposes of 
Trade, and for no other Purpose whatsoever, and [ ] 

will not directly or indirectly instigate or stir up any Strife or 
Mischief amongst the Indians, but as much [ ] 

me lies will promote Peace and Union amongst His Majesty's 
Old and New Subjects and the Savage N[ations] and I will in 
all Things behave and demean myself as a good and faithful 
Subject of His Majesty [King] George the Third ought to do. 
So help me God. 


Sworn before me, at C. D. 

Montreal E. F. 

this fifteenth Day G. H. 

of April - 1770 J. K. 


(Signed) P.Q. J s . P s . N.O. 

I R.S. & ca . Commanding Officer 

at Montreal, do certify that the Oaths indorsed upon this Licence 
were administered in my Presence, this fiftenth Day of April 
- 1770 - to the above-mentioned AB. CD. EF. GH. J. K. 
L M. and N O 

whose Names or Marks are thereto set and subscribed, by P Q. 
one of his Majesty's, Justices [of] the Peace for the District of 
Montreal in the Province aforesaid and that the several Names 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 549 

or Marks of the said AB.CD. EF.GH. J K.LM and NO. 

and also the 

Nam[e of the] aforesaid P Q. are 

respectively of their ow[n] Hand-writing, or Marks made with 

their own Hands, in my Presence. 

Signed R S 



April 15, 1770 

[ ]s, That I A B 

of the City of Montreal [ 
duty Bound, unto our Sovereign Lord 
[the King] in the full Sum of one Thousand Pounds. 

current Money of this Province, to be [ 
and levied of my Goods and Chattels, Lands and Tenements 
respectively, to the Use of our said Sovereign Lord the King, 
his Heirs and Successors, to the true Payment whereof, I bind 
myself, my Heirs, Executors and Administrators, firmly by these 
Presents, witness my Hand and Seal, this Fifteenth 
Day of April One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy 

and in the Tenth Year of the Reign of His 

Majesty King George the Third, by the Grace of God, of 
Great-Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, 
and so forth. 

The Condition of this Obligation is such, That whereas the 
above-bounden A B has obtained 

a Licence, dated the tenth day of April 1 770 to trade with 
the Indian Nations living under His Majesty's Protection, at 
Michilimakinac and from thence to any Markets or Parts which 
he shall find most advantageous for the Sale of his Merchandize, 
for the Space of Twelve Months from the Date thereof. Now 
if the said A B shall well and truly, 

550 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in all Things, conform to and perform the several Conditions 
recited in the Licence before-mentioned, and shall also well and 
truly keep and observe the Matters and Things enjoyned in the 
several Oaths endorsed upon the said Licence, a Duplicate of 
which is hereunto annexed, then this Obligation to be void, or 
else to remain in full Force and Virtue. 

Sealed and delivered, taken 

and acknowledged, before me 
(Signed) P Q. J*. P*. (Signed) A B. L.S 

A Tous ceux qui ces Presentes 
Negociant [ ] declare par icelles, 

que je Me suis oblige [ ] envers notre Souverain 

Seigneur le Roy pour [la Somme en]tiere de Mille Pounds ou 
Livres Monnoye courante de cette 

Province, qui fera levee [ ] tous mes Biens, 

Meubles et Immeubles generalement quelconques pour et au 
Profit de notre dit Souverain Seigneur le Roy, ses heretiers et 
Successeurs, au Payement de la quelle Somme, j'obl[ige] 
entierement ma Personne, mes Heritiers, Executeurs Testamen- 
taires, et Administrateurs, par ces Presentes, que j'ay signe de 
ma Main, et aux quelles j'ay apose mon Sceau ce quinzieme 
Jour du Mois D'avril Mil Sept Cent soixante 

Dix et dans la Dixieme Annee du Regne de sa Majeste 

le Roy George Troisieme, par la Grace de Dieu, Roy de la 
Grande-Bretagne, de France et d'Irlande, Defenseur de la Foy, 
&c. &c. 

La Condition de cette Obligation est ainsi qu'll suit, s^avoir, que 
si l'Oblige ci dessus (qui a obtenu une Permission en datte du 
dix avril 1 770 d'aller a 

Michilimikimac faire la Traitte avec les Nations 

Sauvages, qui sont sous la Protection de Sa Majeste, et de cet 
Endroit en tous autres Postes ou Places qu'il jugera lui etre plus 
avantageux pour la Vente de ses Marchandises, pendant le Terns 
et Espace de douze Mois (a compter de la Datte 

de la dite Permission) se comporte bien et de bonne Foy en 

Post4Var Period, 1 763-1774 551 

toutes Glioses, execute les differentes Conditions prescrites dans 
la dite Permission, et qu'il garde et observe bien et fidelement les 
Formalites et Choses enon^ees dans les differens Serments dont 
les Doubles font annexes a ces Presentes; alors cette Obligation 
deviendra nulle, et dans le Contraire elle restera dans toute sa 
Force et Vigueur. 

Scelle et Delivre, pris et 
reconnu devant moy. 

(Signe) P Q. J s . P*. (Signe) A B. L S 


The Honnourable 

Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 1 

New York April 16*. 1770 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letter of the 6 th Ins', with the Accounts 
inclosed; for which warrants will be made out. With respect 
to the Smiths and Interpreters at the Posts, I have directed the 
Officers Commanding to pay them their respective Salarys, which 
will Save some trouble by avoiding Separate Draughts from 
every Fort where those Officers are Stationed. 

The Sum you want in advance for the Purchase of Indian 
Goods will be advanced to you when you think proper, tho' I 
think you will hardly get them till the Autumn if they are not 
already commisioned. 

M r . Steuart shall be made acquainted with your answer 
respecting the Pipe; and the Reasons you give why the 

1 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

552 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Cherokees concealed part of their Intentions from him. And I 
have dispatched a Letter to Fort Pitt, to be forwarded to Fort- 
Chartres, to inform Lieu*. Colonel Wilkins of the Intelligence 
you have had concerning the Intentions of the Indians of the 
ouabache to attempt the Reduction of the Illinois. A Company 
of the 18 th . Reg f . went down the Ohio the 21 st . of March, and 
I hope by Setting out So early, they will have passed those 
Nations before they are all assembled from their hunting 
Grounds, and in Condition to act offensively if Such are their 
real Designs. And I should hope if they are so inclined, they 
will find Employment enough at home from the Resolutions 
taken by the Cherokees and Six Nations at Onandaga. 

They write from Fort-Pitt that they have had frequent Meet- 
ings with the Chiefs of the different Tribes and what they have 
learnt from them nearly corresponds with the Intelligence given 
by Silver Heels some time ago. 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho s . Gage 

'indorsed: N York April 16 th . 1770 
Gen'. Gages letter 


A. L. S. 

[New York April 1 6"\ 1770] 

[According] to my Promise I now Send you my Account 
with you | | beginning of my doing Business with you, 

which I doubt not [you will] find right on Examination, Should 
there be any thing you do not understand in it — I will with 
great pleasure explain it to you by Sending you Copys of the 

Post-War Period, / 763-1 774 553 

Bills of Parcells — I have now only to make an Apology for 
the Liberty you will See I have taken to charge you with £51.18 
on Sir Johns Account, & which is for 2 large Glasses Sent to 
Coll° Claus in the year 1 766. Which it Seems had been 
orderd by that Gentleman from M r Darlington, who had the 
Dimensions & to whom I was referrd — My Clerk accordingly 
went along with Darlington to choose them out and fixed upon 
those I sent, which were totally contrary to the orders M r Claus 
gave to Darlington who fixed upon them & in Consequence they 
were bought, paid for & sent up — but as they would by no 
Means Suit Coll Claus's Room, S r John took them — I wrote 
to Coll Claus on the Subject Some time ago, but as He must 
undoubtedly have remitted me a Bill drawn by you for the 
Money which I wanted very much, I thought M r Campbell 
might just as well pay me the Money — which I therefore flatter 
myself will not be disagreable to you, at least that you will 
pardon me my Freedom in the Matter — M r DeLancey has not 
yet given his Consent about the Oneida purchase for Denison's 
Share, I wish you would be so Kind as Write him on the Sub- 
ject — Your Gammons & Tongues and Milk Biscake go this 
Evening with Bloodgood's Sloop — I cannot Send you the 
Account, because as yet I know not how much they come to — 
you shall however have an Account of these by first Opportun- 
ity — Meantime I remain with great Truth 

Sir Your most Hble & obed 1 Serv 1 

John Wetherhead 


The Honorable S r William Johnson Bar* 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 April 16 th . 1770 

M r . Wetherheads letter 
w ,h . his Ace". 

In Johnson's hand. 

554 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York 16* April 1770 

I have receiv'd your Letters of 1 th and 1 7 th of last Month, 
and am extremely sorry it was not in my power to send you the 
whole ballance due to You, in short money is not to be got here 
at any rate. M r Newton had by my directions some time ago 
laid by your ballance, but the 16 th Regiment being Embark'd 
for Pensacola, he was oblig'd to make use of great part of it, to 
advance them their Susistence, no money can be raised now by 
the Contractors Agents on their bills, & I fear we shall not be 
better until something arrives from home, to set Trade a going 
again. Mess Watts and M c Evers tell me they expect Specie 
from home I wish it was come, as I am extremely uneasy at 
daily being oblig'd to postpone payments due by the Generals 
Warrants, as I have no other resource but thro' the Contractors 
Agents, this Sir is really the present case, but hope it will 
speedily alter, that I may be enabled to make you payments 
more punctually in the mean time all bills you draw on me shall 
be punctually accepted I am with a perfect regard 


Your Oblig'd & most Obed 1 

Humble Serv 1 . 
Sir W m Johnson Bar* Ab m . Mortier 

P. S. Enclos'd is your Account which I hope will be found 
right, also the vouchers for the Charg[es] therein. 
Your two bills to M r Banyar for £300 and £125 are 
accepted but not included in the Account 

INDORSED: 1 April 16 th . 1770 
M r . Mortiers letter 
w*. my Ace 1 . & his Vouchers 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 555 

Johnson's account with Abraham mortier 

D. 5. 
D r Sir William Johnson [ ] 


Nov. 23 d To Cash Paid your draft of 1 1 th 

and to [ ] New York 

Currency ] 

25 th To Ditto Paid your ditto of Ditto 

date to M r John Roach for 

t ] [ ] 

Dec l sl To Ditto paid your Ditto of 3 d 
Novem r . to Phyn & Ellice for 

[ ] t ] 

4 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 1 1 ,h 
Ditto to Robert Sweney for 

[ ] [ ] 

12 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 16 th 
Ditto to Daniel Campbell for 

[ ] [ ] 

Jan r y 3 d To Ditto paid your Ditto of I st 
Dec r to the Rev d . Doctor 
To Ditto paid Commissary Hays 
Ditto of 1 st . June on Geo 
Croghan Esq r in favor of 
Wetherhead & Co. for 
£283.12.2 sterg [ ] 

10 th To Ditto paid M r Wallace V 
Receipt of this date for a 
Bill of Exchange in favor of 
the Honorable Thomas Penn 
Esq r Value rec d . from you as 
^ your Letter to me for 
£545.4.4 sterling a 65/ V 
Cent is £899:12.1 Y Cur^ [ ] 

556 Sir William Johnson Papers 

27 th To Ditto paid your draft of 16 th 
Instant on me in favor of M r 
William Andrews for £5 1 C?. 
Mar. 14 ,h To Ditto paid your draft of 14 th 
February on me to James Phyn 
for £162:18:7 C? 95 [ ] 

To Ditto paid your ditto of 24 
Ditto on me to Phyn & El lice 
for£40Cy 23 6 I J 

24 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 2 d 
March on me to Dan Camp- 
bell for £517.8.6 C? 301 16 7/ 2 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 10 th 
Ditto on me to Sir John John- 
son for £110.12.3 D°. 64 10 6 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 6 th 
Jany; on me to Jane Lyle for 
£100 D°. 58 6 8 
29 th To Ditto paid your Ditto of 2 d 
Mar on me to John B. V Eps 
for £140:5:9 D°. 81 15 8 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 8 ,h 
Ditto on me to Daniel Claus 
Esq for £315:15:3. D°. 184 3 10 
April 10 th To Ditto paid your Ditto of 19 th 
Ditto on me to Joseph Chew 
Esq for £50 D°. 29 3 4 
1 1 ,h To Ditto paid Daniel Campbell 
Esq r : on your ace', as ^ his 
Receipt of this date £752 . . 
4..D°. 438 15 8 

2442 19 3% 
Ballance due Sir William Johnson 1121 5 9^4 

£3564 5 V/ 2 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 557 

] Cr 


] [ 
] [ 
] [ 
] [ 

] of this date in your favor for £1448 16 4 J/4 
] of this date in your favor for 1386 16 2J4. 
] of this date in your favor for 544 8 8 
] of this date in your favor for 1 84 3 11 

£3564 5 P/ 2 

New York 16' h April 1770 
Errors Excepted 



Ab?i Mortier 
'. Mortiers Ace'. 
April 16 th . 1770 


A. D. S. 


] sent to the Honorable Sir Wil- 
liam Johnson Bar 1 19 Aug f 


1 ] To 1 pair Dies V M r Byrne £ 4 — 

19 To sundries viz Coating Trim- 
ming & 3 Jewelles as f Bill 5.12 — 
19 To sundries Indian Goods as [' 

Bill parcells 459 . 5 . y 4 

My Commission on the above In- 
dian Goods 11. 9 . 6 
April 6 th To sundries, Viz 2 Quire Im- 
perial & 2 Quire Royall D°. 
Earthenware & Glasses 1 q r 
Ck Lisbon by Sanford sent to 
the Care of R d . Cartwright 
as V Bill paid 18.18 — 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

558 Sir William Johnson Papers 

22 d To sundries viz'. 6 Table spoons 

£8.4 12 skins parchm 1 6/ 8.10 — 

28 To Two Hhck Rum 250 Gall @ 

2/7 with Cartage 4/ 32 . 9 . 1 

June 18 To Sundries Viz. Com. Honey 
Tea Rum Sugar &c a . as ^ 
Bill Parcels sent You <$ Post 
22djuly 186.10. 7 

July 7 th To sundries by Capt Lans- 
ing Alexander Stewart 
1 pipe Wine £60 

Mr s Devisme 36 Hams 

358» @ 7 d 10. 8.10 

4 Barrels best Pork 

@ l 2/6 18.10 — 

Cartage 4 — 87. 2.10 

25 To 300 w « Nails @ 8|/ 2 £10.12.6 

Cartage 9 10.13. 3 

29 To a Bolting Cloth sent you by 

Lansing 3 

August 5 To Amount of two Globes from 

London sent by Swits 22 . 4.11 

Freight of d° & Cartage 3.5 — 

19 To sundries by Capt Cuyler 

as ty Bill Parcells 21.2.8 

Amount of sundry Bills drawn 
on me by Capt McLeod which 
Honour me to place to your 
Account 32 

£902. 7. 7V 4 
Brought over ] 

£4 omitted evidently. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 559 

Copy of Ace 1 furnished 1 6 Nov r 1 767 

Aug 1 . 19 To Ballance of Account furnished 

this day 99.18. [ ] 

26 To a Bill & Cartage 5—4 

31 To 4 Barrells of Pork 16. 8 — 

Sep. 9 To a Compass &c a from Aron Miller 17. 5 . 6 

26 To John Van Seis's dft on you 74 

28 To Cash paid Sir John Johnson 17.15. 9 

Oct r 1 st . To Expences paid for a Dogg 

from London 1.19. 6 

7 To Cash paid for Iron & Steel for 

your Smith 5 . 7 . 4j/2 

18 To D°. for 100 Bushells of Corn 

a 3/9 & 2/6 In currency 18.17. 6 

Nov. 7 To D°. for 20 Barrells Cyder @ 10/ 10 — .— 
16 To D°. for 5 Barrells pickled Cod 

@ 28/6 7. 2. 6 

To D°. for 5 Bis pickled Mackrill 

@ 32/6 8. 2. 6 

To D°. for two Boxes Sperma Ceti 

Candles 8.10. 9 

Cartage of above 2 — 

290.12. !4 

Copy of Bill parcells sent 1 6 March 1 768 
by Pemberton 
March 16 To 20 Barrels Pork @ 73/ for Cash £73 — .— 
2 tt best Dutch sealing Wax 

<g> 20/ 2 — .— 

2 Hhds Common Rum 246 
Gallons @ 2/4 28 . 1 4 — 

560 Sir William Johnson Papers 

1 Box Glass 7 by 9 



1 Cask single lof d Sugar 13 

loaves I03 tt @ 13 d 



Cask & Cooperage 



Cartage of 8 loads @ 1/ 



£113.11. 1 
April 6 To sundries sent by Pemberton as 

V Bill parcells sent you 80 — lOj/2 

To Cash paid sundry Patent fees Viz 1 
S r H. Moore the 

Governor £231 — . — 

M r Elliot Receiver 
Generall for 2 
pattents 11.16 — - 

M r Kempe Attorney 

Generall 59 — . — 

M 1 Banyar for Clarks 

Fees 73 — . — 

M r Colden Surveyor 

Generall fees 91 . 9. 8 

Register fees for 2 

patents 2.12 — 468.17. 8 

Carried Over £662 . [9 . 7|/ 2 ] 

[Sir William] Johnson Bar*. Crd r 
[ ] Received from John Watts Esq r £541 .13. 4 

from Sir Henry Moore 60 . 1 5 . 3 
from Coll Croghan 200. — . 2 

802. 8. 9 

£902. 7. 7% 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 561 

] 14 By Cash for your Draft on 

A Mortier 150 — .— 
Dec 1 . 30 By d° for Ballance remitted me 

your Dr on A Mortier 1 40 . 1 2 . |4 

290.12. y A 

Jany. 28 By Cash for your Draft on 

A Mortier 500 — .— 

April 4 By d° for d° on D° 100 — . — 

27 By d° received from M r Watts 86 . 2 . 9|/ 2 

Carried over £686 . 2 . 9]/2 

Brought over 
April 29 To sundries sent by Captain 
Kelly to New London as I ! 
Bill parcells 

To D° sent by Captain Latti- 
mer to D° as V d°. 

To Cash paid Edward Ayar 
for Medicines sent you in 
Dec r . last [ ] 

To D° paid Freight for Sir Johns bag- 
gage from London ' 

To d° paid for Methiglin [ 

To Cash paid for 6 Barrells of Ap- 
ples sent to London on board the 
ship Bishop of Osnabrug by 
order of S 1 John Johnson 4[ 

To Cash paid for Tea sent by Col- 

lison the 8 feb>' last 7 [ ] 

1 Compare items of this account with account of February 7, I 769, 
supra VI :6 19-20. 

562 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To D°paid Daniel Ebbits (I believe 
for putty & oyl) £2.2 

To D° paid Hugh Gaine for 

6 leather sliders @ 4/ 1.4 3.6 — ■ 

To D° paid for 5 Keggs Oys- 
ter Nutmeggs &c a <P Pem- 
berton 5.12[ ] 

To D° paid for fireworks £3 

6 postage of letters 10/ 3.10 — 
May 5th To D° paid for 2 Cheeses 28]4» 

<§> 1H 1. 5. 1054 
To D° paid Capt Tho s Miller for S r 

John Johnson Yl Guinea 18 — 
To D° paid Postage of Letters at 

sundry Times this Month 1 . 1.2 
June 14 To D° sent you inclosed in a Letter 
to New London "& Capt Kelly 

7 Bills <§> £10 70 — .— 
27 To Michael Byrns's Dft on you 92 . 1 . 3 

July 24 To Cash paid Carage of 7 Canisters 

snuff & Post from Philad a 3. 7 

Aug 1 . 10 To Cash paid B. Roberts's Dft on 

me for your Ace 1 30 — . — 

17 To d° paid fft of two parcells 

from Philadelphia 4 — 

22 d To D° paid M r Ramsay for a 
Negro Wench & two Chil- 
dren 70 — . — 
To D° paid sundry Charges on 
Ace 1 of said Wench p d by 
My Wife for Cloaths purchased 
at M r Bonds 6.9.1 

£1000.17. 8% 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Jany 1 st . To Ballance brought down £214. 14. 11 !4 

March 1 th . To Cash paid Doctor Bard l his 
Bill & sundry other Expences 
attends, the lying in and nur- 
sing of the Negro Wench 
1 7 th To sundries sent you by Staats 
Sloop as P Bill parcells 
April 3 d To sundries sent on board V 
Allen's & Bloodgood Sloop as 
P Bill parcells 
26 To Cash paid fft of Trees from 
New London 
May 13 To Cash paid fft for S r John's 
things on board Brittania 2 
29 To Cash paid Postage of a Letter 

from Fairfield 8 

June 5 th To Cash paid for a Bell receiv'd 

from f airfield & sent you 20 — . — 

29 To d° paid for 4 Blls Pork by 
Troax a 95/. 2 Bis Cod a 
35/. 28» Tea. 2 Bis sugar & 
Cartage as ^ Bill parcells sent 

7.10[ ] 


234.16. 2 

8 — 

48.10. 2 

Carried over 
[Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Brought Over 
[ ] your Dft on A Mortier 

Ballance due to J W 

£606.14. 8!4 

£686. 2. 9K 2 
100 — .— 

786. 2. 91/2 

£1000.17. 8% 

1 Dr John Bard, noted physician of New York City. See Memorial 
History of the City of New York, ed. James Grant Wilson, IV:392. 

2 A word here is illegible. 

564 Sir William Johnson Papers 

March 27. By Cash for your Dft on 

A Mortier 340. — .— 

Carried over £340 

Brought over 
July 1 7 th To Cash paid Postage of a Letter from M r S 

Wharton for you 
Aug'. 1 5 To Cash paid if t from London for 
You [ 

29 To Cash paid fft from New Lon- 
don for sundry Articles sent by 
J Chew [ 

Sep f 1 5 To sundries sent you for a Church 

for the Indians with 6 Bis pork 
as ^ Bill parcells sent you with 
the Things 116 [ 

Nov. 1 1 To Coll Fitch for 3 pipes Wine 
sent from New London to M r 
Shipboy 120 [ 

To Cash paid B Roberts's Dft on 

you to Harrison 100 [ 

Jan- V . 10 To sundrys sent you by the Post, 
Viz f . Hkfs. & tooth Ache Medi- 
cine 4 — . — 
To Cash paid Holt the Printer 4.4.9 
April 1 st . To 2 large Pier Glasses sent to Coll 
Claus in the Year 1 766, who let 
S r John Johnson have them & for 
which I have not been paid and 
which you will pardon my Charg- 
ing to your Account as I have 
no Account open with S r John 51.18 . 

£998.13. 7J4 

Post-War Period I 763-1 774 565 

Brought over £340 

[ ] A Mortier 200 

[ ] fromM' Adams at York for y r Ace' 278.12. 2 
] from Coll Croghan for Ace 1 of 

Governor Perm by order 113.18.10 
] from Daniel Campbell for your 

Ace 1 66.13.11 

£999. 4.11 
Ballance due to J W [99. 8. 8J4 V 

I find the above Ballance arises from Roberts' Dft on you to 
Harrison & £100 which I see M r Adams paid me the 18 Oct r . 
I have therefore altered it & now am indebted to you a few 

£998.13. 7!4 
Errors Excepted 

New York 16 April 1770 

John Wetherhead 

INDORSED: Sir William Johnsons Ace 1 . 
2 A CC,S . M r . J n . Wetherhead 
April 16'h. 1770 
Ball: in my fav'. £. .11 . .3% 

1 Crossed out in the original. 

2 Second indorsement in Johnson's hand. 

566 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 1 
Johnson Hall April 1 &K 1770 


I have had the pleasure of receiving your kind letter by the 
hands of M r . Stuart whom you recommend for a Mission here, 
As this Gentleman appears to me to answer the favourable char- 
acter you have given of him I cannot but greatly approve of 
what you propose, and have therefore pointed out to him the 
Mohawk Village at Fort Hunter as a Mission where he will 
Jiave an opertunity of exercising his Abilities to his own reputa- 
tion, and to the advancement of true Religion. I have also 
sufficiently explained to him the Scituation, Allowance and Ad- 
vantage of that Mission with which he appears Satisfied, so that 
there only remains for him to be approved of and ordained at 
London, In all which I make no Doubt of his Succeeding from 
the recommendations & Testimonials He is to be furnished with, 
to which I shall readily add Such letters as time will permit me 
so soon as I hear of his being in readiness to embark, as he tells 
me that he must first return to Lancaster. 

I am glad to find you all so sensible of the Necessity there is 
for using all possible endeavours to promote a Cause which 
through many unfortunate Circumstances has hitherto met with 
little furtherance, I need not enlarge on the many weighty reasons 
there are for continuing that Spirit, and those endeavours, as it 
must be obvious that without the utmost zeal and attention to 
these matters, all our laudable Wishes must (from the variety of 
Difficulties it has to Struggle with) be rendered abortive. — 

The Character you have given of M r . Hall is sufficient to 
entitle him to all the countenance I can afford him, and I think 
he cannot do better than to reside for some time at the Cona- 

1 Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. B. 
Series. Vol. 2. New York 1 759-1 782. Part II. Transcript in Library 
of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


johare Village where they are building a good Church, and I 
presume that on proper application an allowance would be made 
for his support until he could be ordained, when probably a 
mission might be there established for him, as the Scituation is 
extremely well calculated for the purpose, and the Indians there 
require one much. — 

M r Andrews is lately gone to take Orders, in Order to obtain 
the Mission at Schnectady, so that with him & those now men- 
tioned, a proper beginning might be made which would pave the^ 
way to a more extensive Plan, whenever the Circumstances of 
things will permit. — 

Be Assured Gentlemen of my warmest endeavours in so good 
a Cause, And that I am always with unfeigned Regard, 

Your most obedient 
& Verry Humble Servant 
W Johnson 
The Rev rd . Mess rs . 
Peters, Smith, & Barton 


N°. 8 

S r . W m Johnson 

to Mess s Peters, Smith 

& Barton 


A. L. S. 

April 17* 1770 
Dear Sir 

three Days 1 I was feaver d . with y rs . by M r . Collins & Shall 
Send the Mason to you the Last of this week & Blive he will 
answer as its Equal to him whether he Works in Stoon or 

1 Omission in the manuscript. 

568 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I observe what the Gineral Wrote your honer about the 
Smiths & Interprters pay, when I was in york Last winter I 
aply d . to him for y e . former half years pay and with Great Difi- 
culty I gott itt he Said I should have Given itt into y r . honor 
that the whole Expence of the Department Might be paid to you 
w h . I tould him I wold for y e . futher Now he Says he will pay 
them him self if I had Nott advanst Most part of the Mony on 
thire Drafts on Me all ready I should be very Easey about y e . 
Mater and as the Mater Stands I Blive I May [ ] self 

Easey for I Shall Neaver go to his [ to beg & pray 

to be Reimbuse d . what I advanced for those pople 

I will be oblidg d . to y r . honer to Lett Me Know if M r Tilgh- 
man is to have Cap 1 . Montour place on Susquehanna as I have 
answerd a Good Dail for him besides an old bond of £145 w h . 
he owes Me this Six years if M r . Tilghman Dose Nott Take itt 
at £400 I will & pay patent Fees I have allready paid the Sur- 
vair Account • 

on the 9 th when I thought I was Getting partly well I had a 
Nother attack of the Gout w h . Confm d . Me to bed Ever Sence 
till this Day that I have attemp'. to Sett up I am with Great 
Respect y r . honors Most Hum ble Serv 1 . 
To the Hon ble . 
Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

Geo: Croghan 

INDORSED: [ ] 1 7 th . 

Croghan's letter 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 18 th . April 1770 
Dear Sir 

( 1 Arrived from New York Yesterday. I left that Place last 
Wednesday two of the Clock the Pacquet was not Arrived but 
looked for any minuet — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 569 

Upon my Arrival I waited on M r Mortier with Your letter 
(or I may Rather Say M r Newton who does all his Business as 
M r Mortier lives now in the Country — ) he told me would do 
Every thing in his power but was Obliged to part with Some 
money which he had by him on purpose for Your Account. The 
Troops which went to Pensecola got all the money which he had 
but a Small part — there was Scarce a day that I did not put M r 
Newton in mind — & all that he was able to advance was 
£752 . . 4 . .0 — M r Mortier was to write You by the next post — 

Inclosed I Send you three Accounts & the bill [ 
of John Stevenson the whole Amounting to £197. .9. . 1 1 the 
Balance which Remains in my hands is £550. . [ | which 

I Shall Send up when a good Opportunity offers I should have 
waited on You personally but am so much hurried at present 
that my time will hardly Allow it — if you should know of ere 
a Safe hand Coming down please to desire them to Call for it — 

I was unhappy to find at New York that You had Recom- 
mended M r Isaac Man for One of the Judges — the Gentlemen 
of the Council was of Opinion that this man had deceived you, 
he is not liked at York & I was Inform'd there was not One Vote 
for him in the Council I was further Informed that he is put out 
of the Commission of the Peace, M r Duncan was Working 
Night & day making Interest — to get in as One of the Judges, 
I told two or three of the Councel that I was verry Certain he 
would not be liked — & I had the promise of Some of them that 
he would not put in as Such, Inclosed I Send You a pacquet 
from James Delancy Esq r 

the Governor had a letter from Col n Carleton Governor of 
Canada Relating to what time the Commissioners Should meet 
to Setle the Plan for the Indian Trade, the day fixed is the 1 4 th 
Jub Next at New York— I find we have all the Members at 
York in favour of our Petition, that is for Rum to Cross the 
uper Lakes — & the Commisioners that is Appointed is also in 
our Interest — / 

570 Sir William Johnson Papers 

y Inclosed I Send you Some New Songs made on the present 
party affairs — I also Send you an advertisement which is verry 
humeres — all in the Jokey Stile — I have only that. I am with 
the Greatest 

Respect Dear Sir Your most humble 

Daniel Campbell 

I Intend to send up your pork this week to Caughnawaga 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

indorsed: 1 

Schenectady 18 th . April 1770 

M r . Campbells Letter 

daniel Campbell's account 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 453, under date of April 18, 1770, is 
listed Daniel Campbell's Account of money received and paid out. 
Destroyed by fire. 

A. L. S. 

N London Ap: 18* 1770 
Inclosed is a list of some seeds trees &c which I have put on 
Board a Boat for N York freight paid here to N York I have 
desired M r Weatherhead to forward them derictly and hope 
they will get safe to Hand — I can not add as the Boat waits 
but pray you to Accept of Mr s Chews and my best Respects and 
be assured that I am most truly Dear Sir 

[ ] 1 Your most Obed«. & 

N 1 .2 .3 .3 Bundles trees Oblidged Hble Sert 

4 Box 1 Jos Chew 

A Bundle of Trees for Sir John Johnson J 

Sr W m Johnson Bar* 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 571 


I have sent one barrel Pork 4 days a goe to M r fondas & To 
marro shall send a battoe Lood to D°: & thouse bundles box 
and mill Sawes ": send for to Albany marro and I have here 
also 2 Tierses and one barrel all Dray goods the 4 Laste barrels 
Pork only Came the night before [ with 

Complements [ y]our Most Obed 1 Hum. Serv 1 

Sunday morning. 1 Jn° B V Eps 


The Hon ble Sir William Johnson Bar' 
& Capt De Peistre 

with 4 Bundles of trees & a Box to be sent 
to M r John Van Eps in Schenectady 



A. L. S. 

Schenectady 19* ApK 1770 
Hon ble . Sir 

I understand you formerly did engage your self for a Certain 
Sum of money in behalf of One Sponaberger who lived near 
you who afterward Run from you & left his wife & Children in 
your Neighbourhood. 

Some time ago, a man of my Acquaintance was in East 
Town, Bucks County, where the said Sponaberger now lives, 
and Teaches School who (at his arrival) hid himself Four or 
five da[ys] fearing least he had some Order's from you, — his 
concealing himself came to the knowledge of one Colonel Rose 
in East Town, who did declare if it was money that was in 

1 This second letter is written on the same side of the paper as the 

2 Spangenbergh? 

572 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Question, he would pay Sixty Pounds on his Ace 1 . Now Sir, 
should this Assertion be true that he is so in debted to you, there 
is a Great Probability of you getting the best part of your Own 
— And if this be certain that your demand is as I am inform 
please let me know by a line, then I shall Observe to you a 
Ready Method to come by your Own, or the most part thereof, 
without distressing the person, Should I be deemed Officious in 
this Information, it won't stop that part of my Duty upon such 
Occasions. — I am Hon ble . Sir Respectful [ly] your m©st Obed'. 
& most humble Serv 1 . to Comand 

James Collins 

P. S. he is now married to a Young Woman of Creditable 


The Hon b,e : Sir William 

Johnson Barnt 

Johnson Hall 
INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

M r . Ja s . Collin's letter 


A. L. S. 

April the I9'K 1770 
Dear Sir 

The Barrer is the Mason which I Now Send your Honor & 
hope he will answer the Busness you want him for. Be so Good 
as to have him Keapt Close to Work and if he Should" a 

p r . of Shoes if M r Adams will Lett him have them I will pay him 
— as to any other Nesesares I Bhve he Takes a Nouff with him I 
am with Great Respect your Honors 

Most Hum ble . Servant 

Geo: Croghan 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 Word omitted in the manuscript. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 

To the Hon ble . 

Sir William Johnson Ban 1 . 


The Hon ble 
Sir William Johnson Barr 1 . 
Johnson Hall 


Croghans Letter 



A. L. S. 

Albany 20* April 1770 
I received a letter a few days ago from M r Wetherhead 
requesting me to purchase for you 1 5 Mill saws, they can be got 
from M r Van Schaicks of this place a 17/6 r* [p] lease let me 
know if I shall send them to you T* first opportunity, and like- 
wise will be oblig'd to you to let me know, if I shall Charge you 
with the Expences of the wine that I sent you last winter, which 
is £9. . 10 as M r Wetherhead Informs me that you are to pay 
that sum, your answer will much oblige 

Sir your most 
obd 1 Hble Serv' 

Thos Shipboy 


The Honb Ie : Sir W m . Johnson 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED:' April 20 th . 1770 
M r . Shipboys letter 
Ans rd . 24 ,h . Ins 1 . 

' In Johnson's hand. 

574 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 
DEAR Sir Schenectady the 20 lh April 1770 

Meeting with the Opportunity of Colonel Cole I now Send 
you £554.14.2 which is just the Balance due you from the 
£752.4.0 which I received from M r Mortier. I did my Self 
the pleasure of writing you two days ago by M r Steel giving you 
a particular Account of my transaction with M r Mortier & also 
furnished you with your Account of what I Bought for you at 
York as well as the Cash I paid to M r Weatherhead & M r 

the money which I now send Consists of 3 Bondles — 52 half 
Johanneses & Six Shills Change which I wish safe to you, & 
Dear Sir with the Greatest Respect Your most obedient humble 

Servant Daniel Campbell 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED: 1 Schenectady y 20 th . April, 1770 
Letter from Major Campbel 
by Co 1 . Cole with Cash 

D. S. 2 

Johnson Hall April 21 st . 1770 
Received of Sir W Johnson Bar', the Sum of Twenty five 
Pounds in full for a years Service as Indian Schoolmaster to the 
Mohawks, from the 1 7< h . April 1769 to the 1 7 lh . of April 1770 
Colin M c Lelland 


INDORSED:" Collin M c .Lelands 

Recp*. for a years Salary 

Endg 1 7*. April 1 770 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 All but signature in Johnson's hand. 
8 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 575 


Phila. April 21, 1770 
I ] 

I received your kind favor of the 10 th . of March | 
acknowledge myself obliged for the offer of Montours [land 
] so much below your Information of its value in 
which however I have some reason to think you have been amused 
I was really candid in laying open to you my views in a pur- 
chase and I am afraid those views cannot be answered by giving 
even the four hundred pounds at which you offer it I must there- 
fore decline the purchase with thanks for your giving me the 
refusal and delaying the matter so long in my favor M r Croghan 
told me he was offered eight hundred pounds for it But when I 
asked to know by whom, he was not at large to tell me. The 
New England claim however groundless strikes a damp upon the 
price of land in that quarter. 

The Proprys 1 have been at such expences in making the new 
purchase and in supporting it against the Connecticut People 
that their Calls for money have been very urgent and it is really 
inconvenient to them to go into the expence of runing the pur- 
chase line before the Fall when we will go into it as soon as the 
season is proper in which I should be glad of your advice, and 
I flatter myself this will be a reason which will keep them quiet 
till that time especially as we have cloathed a good many of the 
Susquehannas this winter and were at the Expence of sending 
our Surveyors up to the bigg Island last October in Expectation 
of meeting the Indians to go at that time on the service If any 
thing should be said by the Indians upon the [subj]ect I am 
persuaded from your readiness upon all occasions to render the 


576 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Proprys of [ ] best services in your Power 

that you [ ] the matter to them in the most favor- 

able light. w ivyi 1 1- J n 

5 Y r Most obhg d & 

Most ob' Ser' 
James Tilghman 


The honble 

Sir W m Johnson Barn'. 

INDORSED: 1 April 21 st . 1770 

M r . Tilghmans letter 
concerng Land 

A. L. S. 

[New York] April 23, 1770 
] day produced us two packets | | January 

& february Mails. | Duke] of Grafton, it seems, resigned 

] after the protest of the 40 Patriot Peers 
not stand longer with any hope of solid [ | against the 

determined minority. [ ] Lord Granby has resigned. 

Conway succeeds him, as master general, and, one private Letter, 
tells [ ] Sir Jeffery Amherst becomes L f Gen 1 , of y e . 

ordnance, but be that as it may the Knight of the Bath has cer- 
tainly secured a Grant of all the Jesuits Estates in Canada" 
valued at 1 500 £ a year. 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

- The Jesuits held in the districts of Montreal, Three Rivers and 
Quebec 15 properties comprising 616,500 arpents. Soon after the 
occupation of Montreal in 1 760 George III promised their estates to 
Amherst. Amherst renewed his claim in 1 786. By the death of Father 
Cazot, last of the Jesuits in the province ira 1 800, the right of the order 
in the lands lapsed ; and in 1831 they were placed under the control of 
the assembly of Lower Canada. — William Kingsford, History of Canada, 
VIL286, 288. 289, 480. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 577 

D r Blakiston the Queen's Solicitor is made a Judge in the 
Kings bench, vice S r Ed Clive on whom a pension of 1 200 £ a 
year is settled. General Grame was dismissed from all his 
Employments thro his Grace of Grafton's means for opposing 
the Court on a question in parliament, he pleaded Conscience, 
and was restored thro the interpos 11 of Lord North on which 
Nobleman devolves the character of the New Premier, it seems 
the Duke of Grafton has slipped his neck out of the Collar and 
leaves this son of Earl Guild ford to answer for the late & future, 
Blunders of the administration. The American affairs were to 
be brought before the House on the 21 Feby, it was generally 
agreed at home that all the late Revenue Acts would be 
repealed, that on Tea Excepted, in which case our merchants 
will consent to import Goods as usual, that article only excepted, 
trusting to their Natural, Smuggling, Capacities for a supply via 

You will find the enclosed protest heaviest of all that ever 
[pr]eceded it. Notwithstanding the Confidence of the present 

Ministers it is thought they will be totally [ 
fortnight after the pacquet left Falmth [ ] 

Remonstrances are [ ] minister in support 

] of them. 
The whole Spanish navy, fit [ 

That power will not permit a Russ[ian ship to en]ter its ports, 
they expect Hostilities [in the wa]ters anear on account of that 
nations fleet appearing there. 

The Earl of Halifax is become Lord Privy Seal Sir Gil Elliot 
Treasurer of the navy, and many other, subordinate offices have 
been Vacated and filled with Men well affected to the persons 
and Measures which have for some time past been employed. 
Yet it is tho't that all will not do, and the Chatham Rockingham 1 

1 Charles Watson- Wentworth, marquis of Rockingham, prime minister 
in 1765 and 1782. 


578 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Rutland 1 Temple" Cavendish 3 Pelham 4 &c &c Interests will com- 
mand the lead in his Majestys Councills. Tho the King has 
declared he will sustain his present servants with all the weight 
of Friends he has in the World. The Enclosed Deus lead (?) 
is attributed to James Duane. Perhaps it were no Compliment 
to attribute so well wrote a peice to one that has hitherto dis- 
covered solid abilities in his profession and is well acquainted 
with the Subject of this paper. The Protest is the most remark- 
able that ever yet appeared. I shall send some Magazines Etc 
the next oppertunity. Sir William Baker' is dead. The Duke 
of Cumberland pacquet with the March Mail is expected daily 
when she appears I will trouble you with another Epistle. 

My Humble Respects to the whole family in all its branches. 

I am 

Sir William 
Your faith [ful Servant] 

[ ] 

[ ] 

] is before the grand jury [ 
]sts of 
L]ispenard, foreman 
] Johnson 
[ ] Mc Evers 

Henry Cuyler 
[ ] Folliott 

Tho Marsten 
Ger d Walter 
Geo Brewerton jun 
Jonathan Lawrance 

1 John Manners, Duke of Rutland. 

2 Richard Temple Grenville, Earl Temple. 

3 Lord John Cavendish. 

4 Thomas Pelham, member of board of trade. 

B Johnson's London banker, at one time agent for the colony of New 

6 Jurymen in the proposed trial of Alexander McDougall. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 579 

Sam 1 Deal 
Henry Law 
Geo Harrison 
Andrew Barclay 
Chris r Smith 
John Livingston 
John Ray 
Peter Remsen 
Dirk BrinkerhofT 

The three last are the only persons who are likely to shew any 
tenderness for one who flagitiously flies into the face of 

Lord Dunmore, who was in Scotland at the Pacquet's sailing 
will embark for N York in April or May 


S r W m Johnson Ba l 
at Johnson Hall 



A. L. S. 

Loonenburgh 23 d . April 1770 

It is strongly Reported here Among Us, That a Regiment is 
formed on the West-side of the River Below Albany, And Also 
that the Commissions for New Officers Are Sent to Y r . Hon r . 
in Blanck to be filled Up As Your Hon r . Shall Judge Most 
Just And Equitable According to the Seignority of former Com- 
missions, As Well As Considering the Most Antient And Able 
Familys, to All Which we Submissively, And Joyfully Joyn. — 

But As We Are farther Informed that the Officers Nomi- 
nated for Our Company Are Out of the Adjacent Company of 

580 Sir M^illiam Johnson Papers 

Marten Halenbeeck Esq e ., We have Made a Petition to his 
Hon r : M r : Colden, being that We May have Our Officers of 
Our Own Company, As We have As Sponcible Deserving 
Men in Our Own Company As Any Belonging to Marten 
Halenbeeck, Esq e . 

Our Whole Company Are Jointly Determined to Acquaint 
Y r . Hon r ., that We All thinck Y r : Hono r : Hath been Greatly 
Imposed Upon, As well As We Degraded by such Persons As 
have Recommended People of A Remote And Distant Com- 
pany Preferable to Our Own, Against Whom is No Objection 
by Any of the Company, As Yet Under Cap*. Jacob Halen- 
beeck 1 — And we Must Also Acquaint Your Hono r . that Our 
Present Captain Jacob Halenbeeck Hath Not Taken Any the 
Least Counsel with His Officers or Company in Regard to New 
Officers, Which we Must And do, Take As An Imposition 
Without Example — 

We have therefore Unanimously Agreed to Send Herewith 
to Your Hon r . the Petition to the Lieutenant Governour by M r . 
Matthys Van Loon Jun r . [the] Bearer hereof, — Earnestly 
Imploring Y r . Hon rs . App[roval of] the Same, and that the 
Gentlemen Nominated for the Same is No Objection Against, 
But will be Joyfully Accepted by Who are in behalf of Our- 
selves And Company Y r . Hon rs . Most Obed' Hum le Servts — 

Thunis D Van Vechten 
Casper Janse hallenbeek 

To the Honourable 
S R : William Johnson Bar 1 . 


The Honour ble . . 

S r : William Johnston Bar'. 

1 See Third Annual Report of the Stale Historian of New York, 
1897, p. 827—29 for a muster roll of Captain Jacob Halenbeck's 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 581 

To the Care of at 

M r : Matthys Van Loon Jun r . Johnston Hall 

INDORSED: 1 Loonenburgh 23 d . Ap 1 . 1770 
From Mess rs . Van Vechten, 
Halenbeck & V. Valkenbergh 
Ans d . 26 th . April. 

A. D. S. 

New York the 23 April 1770 
] S r William Johnson Bar 1 . 

Bo 1 , of John Wetherhead 
24 Saltpetred Hams W< 282» @ 8 d £9. . 8 

Tierce for D° 4 

48 best Neats Tongues @ 2/2 5 . . 4 

Barrell for d° 2.6 

1 Tearce of Milk Biscake 2.. 10.. 3 

Cartage 1 

£17.. 9. .9 
The above sent by Bloodgoods sloop 


The Errand of this is only to accompany the above Account 
of Hams Tongues & Biscake Sent you by Bloodgood which I 
hope you have received safe — Excuse haste & believe me to be 
with Sincere Regard 

Sir Your Obliged hble Servant 
John Wetherhead 


The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

[ ]ds Acc« 

In Johnson's hand. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


Albany 23 April 1770 

] debts due to my 

] a small acco f . due to said 

] convenient I shall be glad if 

] the same to my B r . in Law M r Silves[ter 

to give a discharge. I remain 



Your most Obedient 
& most humble Servant 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 

1 762 To the Insolvent Estate of Henry Van Schaack D r 


Confidence in me to assist [ 
Insolvent Estate [ 
Estate from you [ 
you will [ 

with the greatest | 


Niagara 25 April 1770 

I had the honor of receiving your Letter dated the 7 March, 
covering one for an Ind n . at Detroit, which I have forwarded 

I am much oblidged to you for the news you gave me, and 
from what I see in the papers am of opinion there must soon be a 
Rupture between Great Brittain and the Neighbouring Powers. 

Perhaps something of that kind may be conducive towards 
settling their Private Disputes at home, as well as with the 
Collonys — 

We have nothing remarkable this way. The Ind ns have 
behaved very Well during the Winter, about a fortnight agoe 
Some Senekas got Drunk in the Night time near the Burying 
Ground and they pulled up some of the Pickets to make fire, I 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 583 

sent for Shawaton a Head Warrior, who was here at the time, 
and sober, not being of the Party, told him of the impropriety 
of such behaviour in his young men, However that I would take 
no farther Nottice of it, but even cause the Pickets be put up 
Provideing he would prevail upon them to goe to the Woods, 
and cutt them, and carry them in, Which they did that Same 
Day — Notwithstanding their good behaviour on that Occasion, 
yet two young Rascals from Connawagense, three Days agoe 
Drove one of my Cows into the Woods. I got intelligence of 
her, but could not find her, however this Day I found some of 
her Bones I suppose it was owing to liquor, as such of the Sober 
ones that I have Spoke to on the Subject Seem ashamed of it. 
It is very ungratefull in them having often fed them during this 
Winter — 

I have the honor to be with the greatest respect 

Your most obedient and 
Most humble Servant 

John Brown 

P. S. I beg my respects to Sir John and the rest of your 

Family — 
The Hon ble 
Sir W m Johnson 

INDORSED: 1 Niagra 25 th . April 1770 
Cap*. Browns letter 

D/. 2 
DEAR Sir Johnson hall April 26 th 1770 

I wrote you a few Lines the other day by return of M r Stuart 
and shall now proceed to Answer your favor of the 5 th . March, 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

584 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

which I had not then Leisure to do. In Dec r . last I sent by M r . 
Andrews a long Letter to D r . Burton with a Sketch of the Land 
I offered for Religious Uses and I wish they may take proper 
measures for getting it without delay, for altho it is not imedi- 
ately capable of raising a fund, 20,000 Acres so situated will be 
Very Valuable ere long, I have also Wrote the Society thro' 
D r Burton by this opportunity wherein I have taken Notice of 
the great Want there is of a proper fund for carrying on the plan 
on a footing so Extensive as to produce Solid advantages both 
to Church & State & Suggested a Means of applying for the 
Royal Patronage & procuring a Collection for these purposes, 
which I think it is intitled to in some degree of preferrence to 
those who have raised Contributions to Enable them in Effect 
to oppose the Established Church. — I have also by this oppor- 
tunity sent a long Letter to M r . Inglis to which I referr you, on 
the Subject you Mention, and shall Support the Matter with the 
Ministry so far as is in my power. — 

I am afraid I must Joyn you in Apprehensions of the Luke- 
warmness of the Heads of the Church at home, but I still hope 
that when Matters are truly represented & that they more 
thoroughly know the State of Affairs here, they will act with 
more Vigour, — If We trace these Neglects & the difficulties 
under which the Church Labours to the Source we shall find it 
infidelity. Any Appearance of piety has been long out of 
fashion amongst the great in General, Forms & Ceremonies are 
Priest Craft Human Devices &ca and the General opinion in 
favor of Natural Religion & Morality, & that it is no matter 
what Religion a man professes has done infinitely more harm 
than we are aware of, for it has opened a Door for people of as 
little Religion, & but much more Hypocrisy & Zeal to attain 
their ends, by first allienating their Acquaintances from the 
religion of their Ancestors, & then establishing their own prin- 
ciples in its Stead; — Ten Dissenters are therefore become a 
Match for 20 Churchmen and tho' In truth the Principal Dis- 
senters have little or no Religion yet they have a particular aver- 
sion to ours, because it is interwoven with the Constitution, & the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 585 

best Support to Monarchy, a form of Government agt which 
they are all Strongly prejudiced, These are the Men who 
frighten Men in power with their Numbers, their Wealth, & their 
Strength, & according to their Representations, there are no 
other people of any Consequence in America, but themselves, & 
this goes down, because we are instructed to believe that these 
who call themselves Whigs, are the best Security to the Throne, 
tho' no people went greater lengths than they have done to over- 
set it, and will all ways do so unless they most unconstitutionally 
rule every thing. — So that people are deterred from doing 
anything that may promote the Church, & offend their tender 
Consciences forgetting that others have a Conscience of as much 
Delicacy. — If the Church of England is poor and Con- 
temptible here, it deserves the Patronage, Protection & Charity 
of the Crown, if it is Strong & respectable it demands its atten- 
tion. But be its state what it will I cannot See how any Appli- 
cation hitherto made if Supported by the Heads of the Church, 
whose influence ought to be great can be refused, and tho' it has 
been the Case I am of opinion that if the Heads of the Laity 
here concurred in the Application it must Succeed whether it be 
for an Episcopate, for Contributions or for both, and I wish some 
Such Measure was set on foot. 
The Rev d . D r . Auchmuty. 

INDORSED: April 26th 1770. 

To D r . Sam 1 Auchmuty. 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 26 th April 1770 
Dear Sir: 

This Morning your ten Barrells Pork goes from M r Van 
Epss, with a Small Keg Containing your paper & C a Brought 
from York. By a letter which I received this day from Col n 

586 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Claus, he Informs me that he heard you mention that you had 
received Some letters from me, & that I had forgot to Acknowl- 
edge the Receipt of a letter lately from you. & that you 
Immagin'd the letter had miscarred, which is Certainly the Case 
as I have not had the Pleasure of one letter from you since my 
Arrival from York. 

I sent this morning to M r Van Eps's to Inquire about it — if 
your post brought it down its verry probible he took it over to 
Albany. — no Pacquet yet was arrived at York yesterday week. 
Bloodgoods Sloop left it then. 

I am Dear Sir with the 
Outmost Respect Your most 

Obedeunt humble Servant 
Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

indorsed: 1 April 26 th . 1770 

Major Campbels letter 

Df. 2 

Johnson hall April 26 ih . 1770 
[ ] abroad at Sacondaga where I am building a 

House [ ] your Letter of the 12 th . inst came up & 

therefore had not an opportunity of seeing or Answering it till 
now. The Witnesses to [the deed] are not Butler & Tice, but 
Butler & Adems, as appears [ ]ting it — You may 

rest Assured that all the Counten ce . I afforded to that Transac- 
tion was founded Meerly on my Inclination to Serve you, which 
I can as fully prove as the Evidences can the Execution of the 
Deed and I request that you will believe I am of the same way of 
thinking. But the present Situation of things renders it neces- 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In the handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 587 

sary to speak more plainly on the Subject and I mean to do it 
with Candour as a friend. 

I ought to tell you that I have incurred not a little Censure for 
the Countenance I am supposed to have 1 afforded to that trans- 
action but as I am not afraid of producing any of my Trans- 
actions to the public, this would be a matter of indifference to 
me, had I not a more Material Motive that may render it 
Extremely inconsistent in me to act farther in the affair. The 
only Censures that any have dared to pass upon me for many 
Years are Come from your Quarter, & altho', I have too high a 
Sense of your Honour & Character to Suppose you in the least 
Capable of Countenancing them yet I cannot persuade the pub- 
lick into this belief, because from a Variety of Circumstances the 
Author cannot by them be supposed so ungratefull as to use 
the least freedom with the Character of a Man for whom you 
profess a friendship, 2 & therefore it would be deemed an 
Acknowledgmt. of Guilt or what is Vulgarly called Hush Money 
in me to Acquiesce in an Affair wherein I understand that Very 
person is interested 

Some late Information I have received of a Scurrilous paper 
lately handed about in Albany has induced me to touch upon 
the Subject, Had I seen it or known its whole Contents I should 
have Chastized the Author with my Own hands [ 
Subject, & I expect to discover [ ] not the first 

attack I have met with 3 [ ] offended. You 

own good Sense will suggest [ ] the impropriety of 

my promoting any thing [ ] supposed 

to have the most distant concern [ Expressed myself 

thus candidly to you, I ho[ ] that it is not a pretext for 

evading anything ] to your Interest, which I 

1 "Am supposed to have" is in Sir William's hand. 

2 Philip Schuyler whom Johnson believed to be the author of the 
censures, served under Bradstreet in the expedition to Oswego in the spring 
of I 756 and in the expedition against Fort Frontenac in 1 758. 

3 See letter of Hugh Wallace to Johnson, supra, VI :5 70-71, and 
letter of Johnson to Philip Schuyler, VI: 5 89-90. 

588 Sir William Johnson Papers 

should chearfully promote under any other Circumstances to the 
utmost of my abilities as a demonstration] how much I am &ca 


Johnson hall April 26 ih . 1770. 

I Wrote you on the 6th of Dec r . last by M r . Andrews a 
Candidate for Orders, and therein gave a particular account with 
a Sketch of the Land I proposed for Religious uses, all which I 
hope you have long since received, I also gave you an account 
of the Establishment of Schools and their progress & I hope it 
will prove agreable. — This Letter will be delivered to you by 
M r . Stuart, a Gentleman Strongly recommended to me by the 
Clergy of Pennsylvania, and who now goes to Apply for Orders, 
that he may become a Missionary, The Character I have of 
him induces me to think that he will do Very well for the Mis- 
sion at the Mohocks for which he is willing and desirous to be 
appointed I understand that he carries over with him sev 1 . recom- 
mendations and Testimonials to which give me leave to Join 
mine in his behalf to the Society for his Appointment to that 
place, after which and M r . Andrews's Appointment there will be 
only one at Johns Town Wanting to Compleat what was first 
proposed as an Introduction to a more Extensive plan, for pro- 
moting the protestant Religion in this Country and carrying it 
into the Indian Nations, after these Establishments are made, 
Missionaries may be introduced with great prospect of Success 
amongst the more Distant Indian Towns which will finally 
reduce thousands to the Church of England, & Civil Society and 
thereby prove an Advantage to the Nation, I am Let into this 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 589 

from Some Applications made to me by the Clergy, in behalf of 
so Important & Laudable a plan, but whatever may be done in 
it in the Way of Lands, as they do not in this Country produce 
any imediate advantage, a proper Fund is absolutely necessary 
to render it Effectual, Two, or three people from N England 
have Collected 10 or 12 thousand pounds for M r . Wheelocks 
Schools, and the Government has allowed a Bishop to the 
Canadians & as I hear established a French Missionary lately in 
Nova Scotia at £100 Ster ^ Ann. I can therefore hardly 
think from these instances in favor of other Persuasions that a 
proper Application to his Majesty for his Royal Patronage & 
Assistance in favor of a plan of such great and Extensive Utility 
could fail of Success, and I should likewise think that thro' the 
Interest of His Grace of Canterbury 1 the Bishop & the Society, 
this might not only be effected, but a handsome Sum Collected 
in England for these truly laudable purposes, so as to Enable 
them to Establish on some regular System proper Missionaries 
& Schools in Most of their Towns which is the only effectual 
means of Converting & reducing them to Order, a few Straggling 
Missions or Schools out of their Country will never answer the 
end proposed, the more distant Ind s . being Extremely averse to 
Sending their Children abroad for Instruction, and if they did, 
they are too Much inclined to relapse afterwards, of which I 
have seen examples amongst the best of them Surnc'. to Justify 
my Opinion, [/ am even Well Assured that M r . Occum the Ind n . 
Miss's who Was one of those that lately in England made the 
large Collection already mentioned has returned to his former 
Way of Living and Sold his Books & some presents made him by 
Gentlemen of Consequence in London, to purchase rum.' — j 

1 Frederick Cornwallis, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

2 Crossed out in the manuscript. Samson Occom was a missionary 
among the Oneidas from 1 786 to 1 792, the year of his death, and at 
no period after he entered on his ministerial labors in about 1 748 do they 
appear to have been entirely discontinued. Dr Timothy Dwight said: 
"His character at times labored under some imputations. Yet there is 
good reason to believe that most, if not all, of them were unfounded." 

590 Sir William Johnson Papers 

If any thing that I have above Suggested should meet with 
the approbation of the Venerable Society, it will give me great 
pleasure, as it is a plan I have much at heart, being thoroughly 
persuaded of its Importance and advantage both to the Church 
& State.— 

D R Burton 

indorsed: April 26 th . 1770. 
To D r Burton 
$ M r Stuart. 


[Philada. April 26, 1770] 
[ ] 

] on the Ins 1 , to Acknowledge [ 

] when by a very close Attendance on 
[ ] day by day I got the Plate Com- 

pleated [ ] agreeable to thy request. I 

could have wished [ ] have been better, but its 

the very best I could Obtain in the [ I have] packed 

the 200 Testimonials with the Plate in a Box directed to | 

] this day sent them 3$ Stage to New York, to the Care 
of My [ ] John Alsop to whom have wrote that they 

may be for [warded] to thee by first safe Opportunity; — the 
cost of Copperplate [ Workmanship & Box Amount 

to £14.1.0 as <P the account Enclosed, with Each particular 
Persons Accounts & Receipts, for which have debited thee in 
Account with my Bro r . Isaac & Self. I sincerely wish they may 
Answer thy Expectation, having done the best in my power 
to obtain that End. 

1 Johnson also received an extract from this letter embracing the third 
paragraph, which suffered little from the fire. It is in the New York 
State Library. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 591 

I take the liberty to Mention to Sir William, that I am engaged 
in a partnership with my Brother Isaac and should thou have 
Occasion at any time for Indian Goods, or any other Articles to 
furnish a Treaty, or for thy Own Use, We shall be glad to serve 
thee & will do it on a reasonable Commission, and thou may be 
assured that Our Utmost Abilities shall be Exerted to Compleat 
thy Orders to Satisfaction. Col 1 . Croghan is well Acquainted 
with Us and knows, that, if any Article is wanted and its in this 
City, We can Obtain it Equal to any House here; Indeed could 
We have time, We would Import any Goods thou may have 
Occasion for and furnish them at the lowest price. 

By the last Packet, I have received from Bro r . Samuel a 
Letter, giving Me the most Ample State of his Negotiations, 
And I have not only from thence, but from D r . Franklin's Letter 
to his Son the Governor and several Others the Extream satis- 
faction to Inform thee that He had finished his Business to 
the Utmost of his Wishes. I find that in Order to get the 
Traders and Col. Croghans Grants the more readily through, 
they formed a plan of purchasing of the Crown an Extent 
of Country, to be granted by Charter to a Number of the Com- 
pany, 1 who are afterwards to release to the Traders & Col. 
Croghan their respective parts, the Tract (by their Letters) 
begins at the Western & Southern Bounds of Pennsylvania & 
is bounded Eastward by the Alleghany Mountains, Westward 
by the River Ohio, and runs Southward to a place Opposite to 
the Scioto River, thence to the Alleghany. The sum agreed with 
the Treasury therefor is £10,460. . 7.3 Sterling (being the Cost 
of the Fort Stanwix treaty) and 2/ F> 100 Acres Quitrent to 
Commence 20 Years after the Grant is made — there are 72 
Shareholders, among which, are some of the first Noble Men 
& c . in the Kingdom & a Number of Gentlemen on this side the 
Water, but my Brother does not particularize who — they are 

1 See letter of Thomas Pownall to Johnson, April 1770, in Writings 
of George Washington, Jared Sparks, 11:484—85. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

promised a Charter on the most ample Basis — Capt Trent 1 

writes to his Wife of the 7 th . of Feb r y. that he sho d . finish his 

Buisness to his entire satisfaction | 

thee this state of [ 

And as I have not time to 

so kind as to Inform him thereof [ 

I remain with [ 

William Johnson Esq r ^ 

To Thomas & Isaac Wharton [ 
For the following Articles Obtained at his request viz 

April 20 th . To Cash paid Henry Dawkins V his 
Acco f . & Receipt for Engraving a Cop- 
per Plate, for the Impressing of Testi- 
monials to be given the Indians £5 
25 th . Paid David Hall $ Do. for 25 sheets 

of Parchment 5 

25 th . Paid James Nevill for Printing 200 
Testimonials from the foregoing 
Plate on parchment @ 4 d . ^ r . & 
Box 2/ 

[ ] 

[ ] 

3 [8.. 8] 



^ post 

Charged T M 14 
Sir William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 

M r . Whartons letter 
April 26*. 1 770— 

1 Captain William Trent, who was selected to build and command the 
Ohio Company's fort at the forks of the Ohio in 1 754. In 1 770 he 
was in London, seeking recompense to the traders who suffered by Indian 
depredations in 1 763. 

- In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 593 


Johnson Hall, April 26* 1770 

I ] 

I wrote you above ten days ago to Let you know that the 
Men whom I sent out to View the Land have returned and 
made me a pritty favorable report of the Quality of [a consid- 
erable part of it, and the Patent is now Making out for the 
Same. — And as I am eagerly sollicited by a number of very 
good " people from Boston Government for a Township or 2 
in it who are very pressing as well for a preferrence in the choice 
of the place, as to get my final determination before the Leaves 
Shoot out that render surveying difficult, I thought it necessary to 
Write you again, that I may without loss of time have your 
Answer whether it will be convenient for you to advance the 
Cash, and get it surveyed Immediately, as otherwise I cannot 
well determine with the rest, who are ready to comply with 
my Terms, so that it may prove a disappointment to us both, 
as they are to settle by a day fixed in Next Month, — As I 
should be very glad of an Opportunity of serving You I wish it 
may suit with your Convenience; you will at all events send 
me an Answer without delay, as I have put the people off as 
long as I possibly can, and must either let them have it as 
mentioned in my last Letter or Lose the benefit of their Pur- 
chasing & Immediate Settlem 1 . 3 

To Col l . Fitch 

INDORSED: [Ap]ril26 ,h . 1770 

To Co'. Fitch 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 "A number of very good" is interlined by Johnson. 

3 The words that follow "purchasing," as well as the indorsement, are 
in Johnson's hand. 

594 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Df. S. 2 

[Johnson Hall, April 26, 1770] 
[ ] 

] very readily excuse your Not Writing to me 
till [ ] you were Sufficiently Occupied with 

business for somet[ime 

] went to Philadelphia, tho' I heard of it, I was not 
[ ] with the occasion. Tho from your letter 

I should suspe[ct ] might be in the Case. 

I am much obliged to you for the Notice & Attention you 
gave to the Affair of the New County; to obstruct which 
according to the reasonable Mode proposed in the Memorial from 
hence, they have had recourse to Many little Artifices, amongst 
others they represented the matter to the Scohare people as of 
a dangerous tendency, & that that Settlement was actually to 
be included in the New County, 3 tho' you know that point 
in the Mem', submitted to the Discretion of the 
House & even another Boundary proposed which Leaves it 
in the Old County, the Scohare pe[ople] on having this point 
explained express much Satisfaction at the desire [ 
the Inhabitants of the River & Indeed many of them are indif- 
ferent w[hich] County they are in & the people here are so 
unanimous in their sentimfents] that I scarcely know a Man 
of any property within the Limits for the [New] County but 
eagerly desires it according to the form of the Memorial 
wh[ich I] hope thro' your assistance & that of your friends will 
be accomplished. 

1 James DeLancey was a member of the Assembly of 1 769—75. 

- In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

3 See Van Schaack to Johnson, December 1 6, 1 769. Also Journal of 
the Voles and Proceedings of the General Assembly of the Colony of 
New York, January 3, 1770 (petition). 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 595 

The Road bill which accompanied your last favor I have 
peru [sed] & I now send you such Remarks upon it, as my 
time would permit. I plainly [ ] the tendency of it 

which I have very great reason to think was calculated to Cor- 
respond with the Claim favored by the Expression of the bounds 
of the Claverack Regiment, 1 the Contrivor of this & many other 
things would fain be a Man of some Consequence, 2 and there- 
fore, as well as in Compliance with his own Natural Inclina- 
tions has strongly attached himself to a party, who stand much in 
Need of Recruits, and who Stick at nothing to attain their 
] I have seen several of their Scurrilous perform- 
ances, and think them [ ] Intended to deceive the 
populace, as every Man of Sense or knowledge m [ust] perceive 
that the manner in which they place Men and things is a mis- 
representation [of] facts by which the Majority being unable 
to Judge as they ought & wanting proper Infor[mation are 
de] hided. The Conduct of the Printers is of apiece with theirs, 
most of them [ ] of that Interest and in effect 
destroy the so much talked of [liberty of the press (?) 
shut against anything on the oth[er 

] where both sides have [ 
of the Tryal before you took any [ ] they 

would make an advantage of [ ] be best done 

I should like to see them get [ 

1 1 shall be glad to hear from you [ ] Safe in 

these times, as well as to have your senti[ments on this] or on 
any other Subject, Being always with great reg [ ] 


[from James De] Lancey Esq r 

1 See Journal of the Votes and Proceedings of the General Assembly 
of the Colony of New York, January 8, 13 and 17, 1770 (petitions 
from Kinderhook and other places in protest). Idem, January 10 
(counter petition from Claverack). 

2 Colonel Philip Schuyler evidently. 

3 In Johnson's hand. 

596 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 454, is listed a draft, inclosed in the fore- 
going letter to James DeLancey, of Johnson's Remarks upon & Objec- 
tions to the Proposed Road Bill; mentioning Claverack and Kenderhook, 
Ranslaerwyck, Schachtikook, Hosick, Saratoga and Cambridge, Argyle, 
Kingsbury, Kayadarossera, Cocksakie and Kats Kill, West Camp, Tion- 
deroga, Fort Johnson and Queens Borough, North and South Schohare, 
Brekabeen, Conajoharee and Caghnawaga. 

Johnson remarks, as regards the districts of Claverack and Kinderhook, 
that the act has the appearance, judging by its adjustment of boundaries 
and the character of the commissioners named, of promoting the land 
claims of a certain interest (that of the Manor of Rensselaer). He fur- 
ther observes that the improvement of the roads depends more on work 
than on money, and work is dependent on commissioners independent 
enough to enforce the law. The draft is largely crossed out, and was 
much damaged by the fire. 


Johnson hall April 26 lh . 1770. 

Some days past I was favored with your Letter of the 28th. 
ult°. which I had not leisure to answer until now — The Subject 
has been farther recommended in a few Lines from D r . Cooper, 
but I had not an opportunity for saying much to him upon it as 
I wrote by a Gentleman that was in haste — 

I am much obliged as well by your good Opinion of me, as 
your desire of an Interview, the uncertainty of which for the 
reasons you Assign I cannot but regret, as that would enable 
me to Enlarge on the Subject, and Explain many Matters in 
a Manner that is not to be Expected from a Letter especially 
from one, whose time is so occupied in other Affairs, however I 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in handwriting of Guy 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 597 

shall proceed to Consider what you Write on as well as such 
disagreable Circumstances will permit. 

I cannot but highly commend the plan you are desirous of 
interesting yourself in, and your Sentiments in general as to the 
Means are Just and reasonable; to these I shall add the result 
of my observations wishing they may conduce to your Satis- 
faction, on this Subject, but Altho' the design must be admitted 
Good it is necessary to consider some particulars regarding its 
utility, & the reasons why it has hitherto faild, before I proceed 
to the Means for carrying it into Execution. The first thing 
then that occurs is, that if the Indians are to be Civilized in 
order to be made Christians, which is generally deemed the 
best, Method to pursue, They would be apt to take the Alarm, 
being much more averse to that way of Life, than they are to 
Christianity, and the public would in a little time if the plan 
should meet with success, and be carried on Extensively lose the 
benefit of the Furr Trade wch is a Material Consideration for 
were our own people equally Qualified for hunting their Absence 
& Neglect of other Avocations could not be dispensed with in 
such a Country as this is but as every possible objection ought 
to Yield where Religion is Concerned we should consider what 
Objections the Ind s . may Make to it. & they say that it appears 
to them to have been ordained from the beginning that the 
White People should Cultivate the Arts, and themselves pursue 
hunting, that no other Way of Life is agreable to them, or 
consistent with their Maxims of policy and the frame of their 
Constitution, If it may be so called. That they find all those 
Ind s . who from their situation and our endeavors are become in 
some measure Civilized have hitherto derived no advantages 
from it, that on the Contrary they are poor, abject, full of 
Avarice, Hypocrisy, & in short have imbibed all our Vices, 
without any of our Good Qualities and without retaining their 
former Abilities for gaining a Subsistence in the only way they 
conceive that Nature intended they should. These & many 
More are the Observations of all the Uncivilized Indians on that 
head, and I am sorry to say that ihry are in General too well 

598 Sir William Johnson Papers 

founded & these with the additional Apprehension that their 
adopting such a plan would be followed by their Annihilation 
as a people cause them to be extremely Jealous af any Endeavors 
to promote such a design Neither can I find that any Attempts 
of that sort have met with Success Sufficient to encourage the 
prosecution of it imediately in that Way, Not even amongst the 
Jesuits, whose abilities, Application, & Conduct, Seem better 
Calculated for attaining this end, than any other, Indeed the 
endeavors of the Reformed Church have been too feeble to 
draw any Conclusions from thence, Very few Missions of the 
Established Church having been appointed in the Indian 
Country, and of these few or none have resided for any length 
of time there, this & their Slender knowledge of the Language, 
have proved Great bars to their Success, & notwithstanding the 
political Zeal with which the Dissenters have of late prosecuted 
these matters, they have been able to do nothing but with those 
half Christianized & Civilized Tribes who had before received 
Some Instructions & from their present situat". & other Circum- 
stances are disposed for farther Improvement, for as to what they 
may say of Converts formerly Made in N England it is only 
Calculated for a Latitude where these subjects are not well 
understood, The N Englanders with all their Zeal & piety 
being more intent on Extirpating the Indians to make room for 
themselves & wanted More to plant themselves than Religion 
in the Country, Numbers of the Ind s , fell in the Wars, either 
in Arms agt, us, or as Auxiliaries to us, Numbers Left that 
Country, and the few that remained were so Surrounded by our 
settlements Those Colonies increasing very fast, that they 
Naturally & almost Imperceptibly fell into our Manners, Cus- 
toms & Religion, Tho' I should observe that Notwithstanding 
the Length of time they have had for improvement & many 
other Circumstances which as it were Detach them from an 
Indian Life They have Made such slow advances in everything 
but Vice & Idleness that I should Sooner Trust 20 Ottawas 
in a Room with my plate, than one of them. — The Generality 
Indeed of those who are educated in their principles do (like 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 599 

their Teachers) carry a great deal of holiness in their Coun- 
tenances & Exterior deportment when Sober; & derive this one 
Advantage from the little religion they possess that it serves as 
a pretext for begging or indeed for any thing that may enable 
them to Exist without much Labour, & the present wretched 
State of most of these people does not a little contribute to deterr 
the rest from entering upon w l . they fear may produce the same 
Effects ams'. themselves — 

I wo d . not Inferr from all this that a plan so laudable in 
Speculation is utterly Impracticable, on the Contrary I am per- 
suaded it must one day take place, but for the reasons I have 
given, & for many others I am of opinion that the Motion must 
flow from themselves, & that they must fall into it when our 
increas'd Numbers place them more in our Neighbourhood, & 
that they discover Superior Advantages in our Way of Living 
than in their own, which as yet they do not, — The Jealous 
unsettled disposition of the Ind s . at present Still farther Excited 
by the strong prejudices of the public, and the implacable 
resentm 1 . of the frontier Inhabitants of wch they are daily giving 
proofs, forbids that reliance on our Motives of Action & that 
Harmony which sho d . be the foundat". of our hopes with them 
So that had we funds Suffic 1 . we must in policy contract our 
plan till a more favorable period, Confining it to those desirous 
of receiving Instruction, without losing sight of the Grand 
object. — If our endeavors meet with success in any of their 
Nations & that the people shall appear to have received any 
Material Advantage from them there is no doubt but that the 
rest will follow their Example, But as they Conceive that 
Religion is a more perfect System of Morality which together 
with Reason they possess in a much higher degree than is gen- 
erally imagined, The Generality will never Cordially relish 
it, until they find the Effects of their Idea exemplified amongst 
themselves — 

The Ind s . of Canada were made Christians but not Civilized 
according to our general Acceptance of the Word, Yet they 
were as orderly a people as any of our Lower Class are. The 

600 Sir William Johnson Papers 

french Considered Hunting as their Trade, in wch they were 
More usefull to the Community & happier in themselves than 
they co d . have been in any other profession, To this their 
Genius Led them & in this they Excelled, & When in due time 
from the failure of Game, or from their becoming more recon- 
ciled to our Arts, they sho d . Incline to alter their profession, 
They must meet with Ample employment in such a Country as 
America and this Leads me to observe that In my Opinion a 
System could be adopted that by Teaching them True Religion 
& Strengthening & Enlarging their Ideas of Morality would 
pave the way to all we can desire without endeavoring to alter 
the present Bias of their Inclinations. The difficulty of carrying 
this into Execution remains chiefly with ourselves, but it is not 
the easier overcome from thence, First thro' the Want of a 
proper fund, Next from the Want of persons of Zeal & Capacity 
to Undertake, First Let a Certain Number of Missionaries of 
Good Sense Strict Morals & perseverance be procured to be 
properly introduced into their Villages, where they could be 
instructed in their Language & by their good behavior acquire 
the Confidence & Esteem of the Ind s . before they entered on 
the Main design, Let them be furnished with a sum not Ex- 
ceeding their Ann 1 Sallary to be disposed of in Acts of Charity 
& Benevolence to those in most need of them, which w d . much 
endear them to the Whole, Nay, I will go so far as to say that 
it would be highly proper for them to be Able to Administer to 
the Sick, A few persons so qualified Might in a little time intro- 
duce the subject of their Mission with a Confidence of Success, 
& then by Opening proper Schools in wch they co d . be assisted 
by Young persons, Intended for the Like Station, or by the 
best Qualified Ind s . on whom regards sh d . be bestowed, they 
wo d . at once diffuse Religion & Learning throughout a Nation 
& give encouragement to the Extension of the plan to others. 
From Christianity they wo d . see the Errors of their past Conduct, 
& from the perusal of Books the disadvantages of their pres'. 
situation, & then, as they are a reasonable People this Plan co d . 
be revised, Improved & Extended according to the prospects it 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 601 

afforded, All these points will admit of Much enlargem 1 . but 
this is the only Feasible Scheme accords to my Conceptions for 
introducing Christianity on a promising & Extensive System 
amongst them. It must be by good Men, detached at least in 
appearance from all Worldly Concerns, & Residing regularly 
in their Towns & Conforming in some Measure for a time to 
their Manner of Living that this is to be done, the Idea of 
effecting it by the establishm 1 . of Schools out of their Country 
is a Mistaken one, for but few of those Most in Need of 
Instruct", will come to reside with us, & those that may will 
allways return to their old way of Living as Soon as they Can. 
But how to Carry this into Execution is the Question? For the 
Strength of the Dissenters in England is much, their Zeal more, 
whilst on the other hand I fear that Many of the Sons of the 
Church who are in power are Lukewarm in Matters of Religion 
& unwilling to engage in promoting w*. may give Offence to 
those True Whigs, the Supporters of our freedom the Dissenters, 
who they are taught to believe are the only people here for 
Numbers, power & Importance — Introducing many Church- 
men may give Offence to their tender Consciences, & they must 
not be Offended, for in all Writings the Americans are repre- 
sented as a people who came here on acct of their principles, 
than wch nothing can be more false except as to a Very few in 
Some of the Colonies. — The passion for Adventuring, a pros- 
pect of Gain, Want of property, Inconstancy of Disposition & 
some other Circumstances that need not to be ment d . brought 
together the Majority Of its Inhabitants to which Wars and 
Commerce have added a Considerable Number Since, amongst 
all wen there are a Considerable body and that of the most 
respectable people who are Members of our Church; These par- 
ticulars would deserve to be enlarged upon in a place where 
they are but little known, to this may be added the German 
Lutherans a very powerfull body who esteem our Church & 
The Calvinists ams f . them are no Enemys to it they differing 
widely from Scotch Presbyterians & Independants. These 
points Well known & a Ministry settled, Government Might be 

602 Sir William Johnson Papers 

induced to Contribute its patronage & Assistance & a Sum of 
Money might be possibly Collected through the Endeavors of 
the British Clergy to promote it whilst a proper Application 
signed by the principal Members of the Church here might be 
a means of establishing an Episcopate by removing the Insinuation 
that it is only the desire of the Clergy or of a few Inconsiderable 
Men. But still an Objection arises as far as this Scheme relates 
to the Indians in the Want of Missionaries, able & Willing to 
undertake it. It may be our Misfortune to have some bad 
Members ams 1 . us but we do not Accept of Idle Illiterate 
Provinc 1 . Soldiers, & Enthusiasticks, Many of whom make no 
Sacrifice by living in the Ind n . Country, they are better off than 
they wo d . have been at home & now receive allowances far 
exceeding w*. they might have expected in any other Stat n . — but 
our Clergy, are all Men of regular Education, bred in the Land 
of Luxury & of x & w f . ever the Circumstances are Must 

make many sacrifices to the Way of Living on an Allowance not 
equal to w f they might reasonably Expect with Common friends 
& ordinary Good fortune. If under these disadvantages some 
can be procured from thence it will do honor to themselves & to 
the Church, but had we the Means of Ordination here, we 
should not want for persons who from their being born in the 
Country would be in that particular better Qualified for the 
Undertaking. The bounds of a Letter will not permit me to 
enter farther at present into these Matters, but with regard to 
my Self you may be assured that I shall Chearfully Contribute 
my Representations to Sollicit the aid of Government in Support 
of so Laudable an Undertaking, founded on the Expectation 
of its peculiar Advantages to reduce the Ind s . to peace & Good 
order, and I am still Willing to hope that such United Measures, 
Joined to what I have already Mentioned may at last produce 
the desired Effect. 
The Rev d M r . Inglis 

INDORSED: 18 th April, 1770. 

To the Rev d . M r . Cha s . Inglis — 

1 Illegible. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 603 


A. D. S. 


ril 26, 1770 



] Dec'. 1769 at 


} 30 

] masts 

and Square 


] for a field bed, one butt hinge 

and Screws 

0.. 8. .6 

] Frames at 2 s Each 


] and wedging Six pair 


window Sashes 

0.. 8..0 

] hands for the Roads 

0.. 4..0 

] 12 Days at the Church at 


] large Oak bedsteads 


| Duck Screws nails & Cord for D° 

3. .14. .6 

as p r Mess rs . Phyn and Ellice's bill 



] To a Cherry Tree Cradle 

!'. . 8..0 


A. D. S. 

[Johnson Hall] April 27 l K 1770 

Pay unto M r . Robert Adems or order 
on Demand the Sum of Sixty Pounds 
York Cur c y., & charge it to ace' of 
Y r Humble Servant 
W. Johnson 
To Abraham Mortier Esq r . 
Dpy. Pay Master Genr 1 . 

New York 

Rob t . Adems 

Van Wyck & Comp. 

604 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Johnson's order on Abraham mortier 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall 27 'K April 1770 

Pay unto M r . Robert Adems, or Or- 

£100 Cur c y der on Demand the Sum of One 

Hundred Pounds New York Cur c y. 
& charge it to ace', of 

Y r . Humble Serv'. 

To Abraham Mortier Esq r . 

Dpy. Pay Master Genr 1 . 

New York 

W. Johnson 

Pay the above to Mr Gerard Beekman or order 

Daniel Campbell 

Reed the above contents New York 12 May 1770 

Gerard W m . Beekman 
Rob t . Adems 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 27 th April 1770 

By Col n Cole I understand that the purport of your letter 
was to know what Quantity of Indian goods I had by me. 
Inclosed I send you a memorandum of the Quantities I now have 
left — and the prices afixed to Each Article. I have sold no 
strouds this Spring under £1 1 — what Ever you may have want 
of those Goods, or if you will have the whole please to let me 
know soon, as this is the time of the Year that the Traders 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 605 

is going up — I shall be greatly obliged to you for your orders 
— this morning I sent Mr Monear a line to send up your 
Pacquet — I expect by to Morrow it will be here. 

I am Dear Sir with 

Great Respect Your 
most humble Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

indorsed: 1 April 27 th . 1770 

Major Campbels letter 
concerng Goods 


Contemporary Copy 

Kinderhook 27> h April 1770 
[ ] 

I am Directed by my Father to acquaint you in writing with 
what I communicated to you by his order on Tuesday last ver- 
bally to wit, that the Lieu*. Governor has been pleased to 
appoint you Lieu'. Col°. to a Regiment of Militia Foot whereof 
my Father is Colonel, and as he means to Distribute the Com- 
missions to Day to the Respective Officers at the House of M r . 
Tobies Van Beuren he hopes to have the pleasure of seeing 
you there. 

He likewise has ordered me to acquaint you that he has 
heard you have some objections to accepting of the Commission, 
if so, he hopes you will be good enough to acquaint him there- 
with that he may take notice of them in the Return he means 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

606 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to make of the Regiment immediately after the Officers are 
Qualified, which is to be to Day. 

I remain 
You most humble servant 


M R . Abraham Van Alstyne 

INDORSED: 1 Kinderhook 27 April 1 770 

Copy of a Letter sent to M r . Abraham 
Van Alstyne by Cap*. Ch s . Goodrich 


London 27 Ap l 1770 
Dear Sir 

The pacquet being back to Falmoth to Stop a Leak gives 
me this Oppertunity, tho it is Suspected she was brought back 
by a Cutter, on Account of the Intelligence from Boston. 

Everybody seem much allarmed about it the House of Com- 
mons did not break up on Wednesday till 12 oClock at Night 
no one but members admitted after 7 o Clock, M r . Treeothick 
spoke in fav r of the Bostonians. My Lord North has men- 
tioned at Levy that he can raise 5 Millions in Case of a War 
with France without laying on Any additional tax. they intend 
to pay off 1 Yl Million of the National Debt. & he says if there 
is a peace for 10 years wch he has no reason to doubt he will 
reduce the Debt lower than it was before last War. 

On Tuesday my Lord Hilsborough asked me some Questions 
concerning S r John & the Militia also about the Indians, I set 

3 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 607 

forth to him the Amazing Expence of provision that Article 
alone sufficient to consume the contingent, that no person being 
appointed at the Upper posts, the Back Nations would be 
oblidged to repair to S r W m , who must Victual & Cloth them. 
I spoke to him about the Medals, upon the whole his Answer 
was that he would not Augment the Expence, that all these 
things must go thro a number of Officers, that I should write 
you to lay before him any thing you thought should be done 
by Letter, & the utmost regard should be paid it. I answerd 
that you left these matters to me who could Explain them more 
fully than by Letter as I was an Eye witness & acquainted 
with the fact, that I thought it my duty to tell him timely that 
no blame might fall on me, if by any delay the Government 
was, involved in a larger expense which may be the Consequence 
of a too Strict Aconomy. 

I took an Oppertunity of asking about some Appointments 
he was making as Surveyors of the Woods & he said they were 
in the Gift of the treasury in Short I can only gather from him 
that I have nothing to expect. General Gages interest is all & 
all merit has no Chance, interest, or being a damn'd rascall the 
only Step to preferment here I should be glad to have another 
Line from you to some of your Friends, M r . Pen is at Bath, 
nor has he introduced me to Any, that I might be brought into 
Company where I might make interest for myself, the Scotch 
party much against Our department I have got into both the 
American Clubs where I have an Oppertunity of Shewing the 
Effecacy of such a Department. You may depend upon my 
Circumspection & attachment in Every thing concerns Your 
Interests, by every Ship shall send you the political papers. I 
remain most Sincerely Dear Sir. 

Your Friend and Oblidged humble servant 

B. Roberts 
S R Wm Johnson Baronet 

608 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ADDRESSED: To Charged in 

The Honorable London 1 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
at Johnson Hall 

New York 

INDORSED: London 27 th . April 1770 
L l . Roberts letter 

County 1 
N America 1 


A. L. S. 

Will™, burg 28"'. AprK 1770 

half after 6. p. m 

[The] inclosed three Letters came to me, two yesterday 
[ ] and the one directed to be forwarded by me just now 

by M r . Shipboy from Albany. I have sent the Bearer on pur- 
pose as Campbell desired me to forward it with Speed, M r . Ship- 
boy I understand is going to M r . Croghans with one M r . Morton 
a Merchant from York in order to secure themselves if possible; 
his Bills in fav r . of the former being protested to the Amount of 
£2900. Sterl:. Protest & all Shipboy is ruind as Campbell says 
if he cant secure himself; 

The family are well & join me in Duty & Respect 
And I remain 

Honored Sir 
Your Obed. Son 

Dan. Claus 
To the Hon b K S R . W M . Johnson B f . 

& c . & c . & c . 

1 In a different hand from Roberts'. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 609 


The Hon bIe . Sir WilK Johnson Baronet 

& c . & c . & c . 

indorsed 1 : April 28 th . 177[0] 

Co 1 . Clau's Letter 


A. D. S. 

Albany April 28 th . 1770 
M r : Thomas Shipboy 

Bou l . of Wessel Van Schaick 

s d 
15 Mill Saws— a 17/6 P s £ 13. 2. 6 

Rac d . the above Contents at the Same time For my Father 

Jn°: G Van Schaick 
INDORSED: 1 A Receipt [ ] 

Saws £13. [2.6.] 


A. L. S. 

[April 28, 1770] 

[ 1 

] I Received the Inclos d Leter | 

the Shannas from M r . M c Kee [ ] w h . I Inclose y r . honor 

for your [ ] itt has been a Long Time on y e . Way 

I observe by the privet Information M r . M c Kee 

| had w h . he Menshons in his Leter with what they Say 

in thire Speech that they Seem to gaskinade or Treaten what 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

610 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they May be able [ ] think thire Speech is Much 

Such [a] Nother as they Made the Commanding offiser [ 
Me in the begining of 1 763 w h . Gave Great offense to Sir 
Jeffery Amherst 

I have Nott been able to Take Copeys of them and will be 
glad y r . honor will Return them after you have Taken Copeys 
with your opinion whether I should Write any thing to M r . 
M c Kee in answer 

I am with Great Respect y r . Honors 

Most Humble Servant 
Geo: Croghan 
the Barrer hapening to be hear 
& Returning home today I gott him 
[to] Take this Leter ^haps he May [exp]ect Some 
Trifle for Carrying itt 

INDORSED: 1 [ ] 

M'. C[ ] 

with In[ 


A. L. S. 

[April 29*. 1770] 

I wrote to Col° Gardenir Very Soon after [m]y Return but 
have not yet heard from him perhaps [ ]ey may directly 
Send Some Person up to you — there is many in this Colony 
who wish to have Land in your Parts but have not got the 
Necessary, and those you had better be without — 

The Vessel that I mentioned does not Leave this so Soon as I 
Expected for Albany — I have therefore Shipt you by one 
Rogers (in a Boat from the Harbours mouth who sails 
to morrow), a Parcel of very fine fruit trees Seeds &c which I 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 611 

have desired M r Wetherhead to Loose no time in Sending to 
you — in the Box with your Grass Seed & Garden Seeds is a 
Bundle for S r John Col° Johnson & Col° Clause Cont a . a Variety 
of Garden & Flower Seeds — I have also Sent them a Large 
Bundle of Flowering trees & Shrubs — there is also a Small 
Bundle of Seeds for M r Davis there appears to be a Smart 
Struggle in this Colony — between the friends of M r Fitch & 
those of the present Gov r . Trumbull to See who they Shall place 
in the Chair. I don't know so much of their politicks as to be 
able to say who will Succeed 

the Season is Remarkably Cold last night we had A Very 
Severe Frost — the Backwardness of the Spring and the great 
demand in the west India Way has made Hay so Extreemly 
Scarce that I immagine many Farmers must Loose part of their 
Stock — we have heard nothing from Boston Since the last post 
I now Send you the Papers and must Refer you to them for 
News — M rs Chew desires me to present her most Respectfull 
Compliments to you and I hope you will accept of mine [ ] d 
Every Sincere wish for your health and Happiness 

Respectfully D r Sir Your most Obed*. 

Hble Serv 1 . 

Jos Chew 
[Sir William Johnson] Bar 1 


A. D. S. 

[May 1, 1770] 



[To Michael] Klyne Gunsmith D r 


] Gunsmith's work done for 


] as follows, viz L S. D 

2 Guns and a Lock 

To a new Gun Stock . .16. . 

To a new Heel Plate 3 

612 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To 1 Rammer Rod Loop 
To 1 Barrel Loop 
To a Side Pin 

2^ Gun 
To a new Gun Stock 
To a new Britch 
To a Britch Pin 
To a Trigger Plate 

y e . Lock 
To a new main Spring 
To making the Pan close 
2 1 Gun Lock 

To mending and hardening Ham- 
To closing the Pan 
4 1 Gun 

To straightening and rounding y e . 

Barrel inside 
To Bushing the Barrel 
To repairing the Tumbler & Dog 
9 To mending a Steel Trap 
16 1 Gun 

To a Cock Screw 1 . .0 

1 7 a Lock for a Gun 

To Hardening the Hammer 
To repairing the Dog and Tumbler 
To a Tumbler Screw 
22 a Gun 

To Bushing the Barrel 
another Gun 
To mending the Dog and Tumbler 
To mending the Dog Spring & 

harden^, it 
To mending the Trigger 

[ ] 




































Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 






Dec r . 1 st . 

To a new Gun Stock 
To an Heel Plate 
To mending the Cock 
To a Dog Spring Screw 
To 1 Barrel Loop 
To a new Tumbler 
To mending the Dog 
To plating and hardening the Ham- 

a Gun 
To a new Gun Stock 
To Brazing the Britch 
To 2 Side Pins 
To Hardening the Hammer 
To mending the Dog and Tumbler 
To a Cock Screw 
To making a new main Spring to 
a Lock <P order 

A Gun 
To hardening the Hammer 
To a new Britch 
To mending the Cock 
To Bushing the Barrel 

3 Guns 
To Bushing the Barrel 
To a new Hammer Spring 
To a new Side Pin 

2 Gun 

To Bushing the Barrel 

To Hardening the Hammer 

To a new Cock Screw 

To Hardening the Hammer Spring 

3 Gun 

a new Cock Screw 

0.. 1..6 

16. .0 


























614 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To a new Hammer Spring 



To Bushing the Barrel 



[Dec r .] 6 a Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 



To 2 Side Pins 



To mending [ 



[ ] 




[ ] Hammer 



[ ] Cock 



[ ] Side Pin 



To closing the Pan and Harden^. 

Hammer Spring 



2d Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 



To 1 Hammer Loop 



To mending & hardening the 





To mending the Dog and Tumbler 



To Hardening the Hammer 



To Brazing the Pan 



12 To a Rifled Gun for Thomas King 



. 0. 


27 a Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 



To Brazing the Gun Barrel 



29 A Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 



To Hardening the Hammer 



To mending the Dog & Tumbler 



To a Side Pin 



To a Britch Pin 



1 770 3 Guns 

Jan>\ 6 To a new Stock for a Rifle 


. 0. 


To a Side Pin 



To a new Cock 



To mending the Tumbler 


Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 615 


To a Bntch Pin 



To 2 Sights put to the Rifle 



2 Gun 

To a new Br itch 



To Bushing the Barrel 



To a new Dog Spring 



To hardening the Hammer 



3 Gun 

To Hardening the Hammer 



To closing the Pan 


To mending the Cock 




. 2. 


To Sums brought forward 



12 2 Guns 

To a new Gun Stock 



2 d Gun 

To a new Stock 



To closing the Pan 

[ 1 

To mending the Dog Spring 


To a new Gun mounting 



23 2 Guns 

To a new Gun Stock 



To 2 Rammer Loops 



To 2 Side Pins 



To a new Britch Pin 



To a Trigger Plate 



To Bushing the Barrel 



2 d Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 



To a new Cock Screw 



To 2 Side Pins 



To a Britch Pin and Trigger Plate 



To a Gun Mounting 



25 th . To Bushing the Barrel of a 




26 To a Tumbler Screw 



616 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[Jan?.] 27 To Bushing the Barrel 1 . .0 

28 a Gun & a Lock 

To a new Gun Stock 16. .0 

To 1 Rammer Rod Loop 1 . .0 

the Lock 
To a Cock 4 . . 

To plating the Hammer & harden^. 




To 1 Tumbler Screw 



29 A Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 



To a new Tumbler 



To Brazing the Guard 



30 a Gun 

To hardening the Hammer Spring 



To hardening the Hammer 



To a Side Pin 



March 1 st . [ ] 



[Brought forward] 




[ ] Stock 



To hardening a Hammer 



To a Side Pin 



To 2 Rammer Loops 



5 A Gun 

To a New Gun Stock 



To Hardening the Hammer 



Mending Dog and Tumbler 



To a Cock Screw 



To 1 Rammer Loop 



6 A Gun 

To Bushing the Barrel 



To Brazing the Pan 



To hardening the Hammer 



7 2 Guns 

To Bushing the Barrel 



Post-War Period, 1763-1774 617 

To Bushing the Barrel of the 

s other 




To closing the Pan of D°. 


To Hardening the Hammer 


19 a Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 


To a new Guard 



To 2 Rammer Loops 


To a Britch Pin and Trigger 



To a new Tricker 



To 1 Side Pin 



2 1 a Rifel 

To a new Stock 


.. 0. 


To a large Sight 



To 2 Barrel Loops 



To 1 Breech Pin 



To 1 Side Pin 



To Brazing the Guard 



To hardening the Hammer 



To mending the Cock 



24 4 Guns & a Lock 

To Brazing the Breech 



[ ] 


To Sums brought forward 



To cutting a piece of y e . 


[ ] 



To 1 Barrel Loop 



4th Gun 

To drawing a Rifle 



To a Side Pin 



To mending the Dog and Tumbler 



y e . Lock 

To a Side Pin 



To mending the Cock 



25 To a Gun 

To a new Cock and Tumbler 




618 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To a Rammer Loop 1 . .0 

To Hardening the Hammer 1 . .0 
[March] 26 1 Gun & 3 Locks 

To a new Gun Stock 16. .0 

To Brazing the Breech 1 . .6 

To Bushing the Barrel 1 . .0 

To closing the Pan 6 

To mending the Dog and Tumbler 1 . .0 

1 st . of the Locks 

To Brazing the Cock 1 . .0 

To a New Tumbler 4. .0 

To closing the Pan 6 

2 d Lock 

To Hardening the Hammer 1 . .0 

To 1 Side Pin 1 . .0 
To closing the Pan & harden^. 

Hammer Spring 1 . .0 

3d Lock 

To a new Dog 1 . .6 

To 2 Side Pins 2..0 

To Hardening the Hammer 1 . .0 

To mending the Cock 1 . .0 
28 th . A Gun 

To Bushing the Barrel 1 . .0 

To closing the pan 6 

29 To a new main Spring to a Gun 

Lock 3..0 

30 2 Gun Locks 

To a new Hammer 4. .0 
To mending the Dog and Tumbler 

t ] [ i 

[to Sums brought forward] £29. . 8. .3 

] the Tumbler 6 

To a new Dog 1 . .6 

To 2 Side pins 2 . . 



















Post-War Period, 1763-1774 619 

[ ] 1 Gun 

To a new Stock 
To a new Guard 
To a new Heel Plate 
To a Britch Pin 
To a Tricker Plate and Tricker 
To 2 Side Pins 

To a Cock Screw and Cock plate 
April 2 d 1 Gun & a Lock 

To a new Stock 
To Bushing the Barrel 

the Lock 
To 2 Side Pins 2..0 

4 a Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 16. .0 

To 1 Side Pin 1..0 

To closing the Pan 6 

To 1 Barrel Loop 9 

6 A Gun 

To a new Gun Stock 16. .0 

To a Side Pin 1 . .0 

To mending the Tumbler 6 

9 3 Guns & 3 Locks 

To hardening Hammer 1 . .0 

To closing the Pan 6 

To putting a piece to the Stock 2 . . 

To a new Dog 1 . .6 

To mending the Tumbler 6 

To a New Main Spring 3. .0 

To 2 Side Pins 2 . . 

2 d . Gun 
To hardening an Hammer 1 . .0 

To a Cock Screw 1 . .0 

[ ] i..o 

i[ ] [ 1 

620 Sir William Johnson Papers 

April 9 [ ] 

To drawing a Rifle [ 


To making [ J Straight [ 


To hardening the Hammer 


To a Hammer Screw 


To a new Dog 



To a new Dog Spring 



1 st . Lock 

To hardening the Hammer 


. .0 

To closing the Pan 


To a new Hammer Spring & Screw 

for it 



To a Cock Screw 



To mending the Dog & Tumbler 



To 1 Side Pin 



2^ Lock 

To hardening the Hammer 



To an Hammer Screw 


To hardening the Hammer Spring 


3^ Lock 

To a new Main Spring 



25 th . To brazing a Barrel which was 

oblig'd to cut of and lay one 

piece over the other an Inch 



26 To a new Dog and mending the 




28 To Stocking a very long Gun 1 

.. 0. 


To a new Breech for d°. 



To 4 Rammer Loops to d". 



To a Side for d°. 



To a Breech pin and Tricker plate 



To a Tricker 



To 2 Side Pins 



30 To mending the Tumbler & Dog 



£38:13.. 6 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 621 

1 770 Creek 

Dec r . 24 By Cash £12. .0. .0 
Ap 1 . 4 By d°. 4..0..0 

£16.. 0..0 

Balk due £22.. 13.. 6 

An Ac c [ ] 

INDORSED 1 : Michael Klyne's 

£38.. 3.. 6 p d . 



Schenectady K May 1770 

[Sir] William Johnson Baronet 

[ Bought of Daniel Campbell 

[To] 4 Pieces Callicoe 18 y ds . 

6 Pieces Blue Strouds 

£10. .10 
1 Doz". Girls Stocking 
1 Ditto ditto 

1 Ditto ditto 

7 Pieces Ribbond 14/ 

2 C Gun powder 

300 Lead 45/ 

150* Indian Kettles 3/6 26.. 5..— 

2 Doz n . Looking Glasses 

30/ 3.. — ..— 
2 Pieces Penniston 182J/2 

y^. 3/ 27.. 7.. 6 


.18 — 


_— ___ 




. — . . — 




. — . . — 



In Johnson's hand. 

622 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[To] 1 2" White Beads 3/ 1 . . 1 6 . . — 

1 Doz n . Girls Stockings 

(more) 18.. — 

176. .12 

4 hh ds . Rum 436 gall 5 , a 

3/ 65.. 8..— 

2 Nests Tin Kettles 45/ 4 . . 1 . . — 
1 piece green Rateen 25 ^ 

y ds . 8/6 10.. 16.. 9 

1 Barrell W:I Rum 35 

gall'. 4/6 7.. 12.. 6 

1 2000 Black wampom 28/ 1 6 . . 1 6 . . — 
2000 White ditto 24/ 2.. 8..— 

Silver work 14.. — .. 6 

6 Loves Sugar W'. 60" 

1/4 4..— ..— 

1 Keg Brown Sugar 

C q tt 

1 Tea Kettle W». 3» 
20 y ds . Black Strouds 
1 Cask Gammons 

286» /&y 2 

2 n . Bohea Tea 



. 6. 

. 9 



. 6 




. — 



. 2. 

. 7 


. — 

150.. 1 

£326.. 14.. 1 
Amount brought over 

4 C Bisquet 25/ 5.. — ..— 

6« Chocolet 2/2 13..— 

1 Oyl Cloth 3..14..— 

4 Pair mens Shoes (fine) 

11/ 2.. 4..— 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 623 

100 Goos Shott 2.. 9..— 

1 Keg 6 gallons Lisbon 

wine 8/ 2 . . 8 . . — 

5Yi gross pipes 3/6 19. . 3. . — 
400 Fish hooks (large) 

4/9 19.. 0..— 

2 pair Shamey Gloves 3/ 6. . — 
Yl Doz n . Pewter Spoons. 3.. — 

20« Mould Candles !.. 3.. 4 

20ttSoap /10 16.. 8 

27 Mens Indian Shirts 6/6 8. . 15. . 6 

25 Ditto. Ditto 7/6 9.. 7.. 6 

8 Fine Ruffil.d ditto 11/4 4.. 10.. 8 

6 Check ditto 10/ 3.. — ..— 

4 tt Pepper 6/ 1.. 4..— 

4 quire writing paper 2/ 8. . — 

48.. 1.. 3 

20" Coffee 1/10 1..16.. 8 

1 quart & 1 pint Pewter mug 9 . . 6 
Yl Skiple fine Salt 2 . . 2 

2 Tumblers 1/4 2.. 8 
5 tt Twine 4/ 1.. — ..— 

500 Needles 5..— 

a Powder horn & Shot Bag 7 . . — 

2 Caps 6..— 

2 papers Ink powder 2 . . 8 

Sealing wax 2 . . — 

a pair Stilyards 14.. — ' 

4 yards Ribbond 1/6 6. . — 

1 Cheese W*. 35" /10 1 . . 9. . 2 

1 Keg Vinegar 2% gallons 5 . . 6 

7[ ] 

£[ 1 

624 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[To] [Amount] brought over 

] yard wide Linnen 

25y* 3/6 4.. 7.. 

[ ] Trunk 1 . . 4. . 

" 1 Box 2.. 

" 4 Ditto 1/6 6.. 

2 Cases 4/ 8. . 

" 1 ditto 2.. 

3 large Bags 14.. 

1 Tearce 4 . . 

" 3 Small Bags (more) 3/9 11.. 

" 2 half Barrels 3/6 7.. 

2 Large Kegs 2/6 5 . 

2 ditto Small ditto 2 4. .- 

" 4 Barrells 5 1 . . — . .- 

" 117 Kegs for the Rum. 2 11 . .14. .- 

" 2 Battoes £7 14. . — . .- 

" Pols Paddles & Oars for do. 2 . . 1 5 . . - 

" 1 Rug 19..- 

" 3 Blankets 14/ 2. . 2..- 

44 1 Pot 6.. 

1 Long handle Frying pan 5 . .- 

44 2» Flemish Thread 9/ 18..- 

1 tt Brown ditto 7. .- 

Yfl Fine Thread 7 . . - 

1 Case 12 Bottles with 9 
Full of Holland 

Gineva 2.. — ..- 

Pepper Box 

2 Barrels Pork 95 

150«: Bread 25 

24 Gallons Rum to the Bat- 
toemen 3/ 

8 Kegs for ditto 

382.. 3.. 8 

' 9. 
' 1. 

.17.. 6 




7[ ] 

45.. 8. .10 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


2 Doz n Sugars 

3 Doz n . ditto 



13.. 6 

16. .17..— 

£444.. 9.. 6 

Amount brought over 

1 Grid Iron 

28 tt Leaf Tobacco /6 

1 Tap Boarer 

4 Skiple Pease 4/ 

24 yards Duck 2/4 2 

1 quarter sugar I 

1 Keg for ditto 

2 Pillows 1 . 

j/2 quarter Sugar 

1 Razor Strap 

1 Matross . . . 1 

1 Black Trunk 

7 Large Bags more 1 - 

1 Small Book 

1 Barlow Best Pen knives 

2 Barcelonia handkerchiefs 1 
6» Shoot 8/ 

2» Powder 

1 Keg for y e . Vinigar 







- 8. 





Cash paid for making 9 In- 

dian gowns 


. 9 

Cash paid Carriage to the 

water side 


. — 

2 painters 


. — 

15" Beef 




y e . 4 last articles was not in 
the Invoice 

457. .12.. 1 

626 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Ditto O. 

By Deduction of the Penn- 

iston @ 2 d ^y d . 1..10 

£ 456.. 2.. 1 

INDORSED: 1 Wade & Creu[ser] 

Ace". w th . D[ ] 



A. D. S. 
Nov r y e 18 th To Making a Key for the Storehouse s d 

Door £ - 5 - 

Do y e 25th Xo a Key for a Large Pad Lock 0-2-0 

D°y e 29 th To Tining 2 Sauce pans 0-6-0 

Dec r 21 st To Six wood Screws for a Smal Box 

for Leters 0-3-0 

May 1 st . 1 770 Rec d . the above Sum in full of all 
Demands to this Day 

Michael Klein 
INDORSED: 1 Michael Klyne's 

Ace*. £ . 16' p d . 

A. Df. S. 

[Johnson Hall, May 1,1770] 

Your favor of [ ] Delivered to 

me by your | ] went to M r . Butlers, 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 627 

and brought me[ ] acquainting me that 

he had sent the Deed [in care of Maj] Fonda. 

& M r . Adems went yesterday to Schenectady 

I can readily beleive [ was con- 

cerned or encouraged any of the Scurrility so 

] now a Days to the great discredit of the 
Au[thors ] can I say that M r . Schyler had 
any hand in it[ spirit of opposition 

to me in other things (for what [ ] know not) 

there is a great probability of it. 

I am so streightened in point of time by the [ 
Dispatches received by the last Post & other business that I realy 
have [not] time to answer you as satisfactorily as I wish to 
do [ ] will in three of four days write you fully. In the 

mean [time be] assured that I am with much Esteem, 

Truly Your Welwisher 
& verry Humble Servant 

W J[ohnson] 


New York May th. 2< f : 1770 


[I] cannot reproach myself of want of Industry as far as 

] my power to get an honest livelihood ; nor am I sensible of 

extr] avagance of my own. but have always to the utmost of 

] endeavour'd to maintain (as far as in me lay) in as 

] a way as possible my family in Credit: which I hope 

you a [re] sensible of, yet still it has pleas'd the Almighty to lay 

his hand very heavy on me) Darlington has now his trade up again 

and has a great deal of Custom so that I am hopes by next spring 

he will be able to Clear himself of his Debts . . directly after you 

withdrew your bussiness from him (the reason I shall not enquire 

628 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

into) but hope no part of the blame or misconduct you attribute 
to any mismanagement of mine) Every Creditor he had sued 
him the payment of which and the law Charges was our undoing : 
(so that we was oblig'd to Sell the house I now live in and pay 
50 pounds a year for to m r : Alsop. to who I am indebted for a 
y rs : rent and know not were to gett it.) and mortgage all the 
furniture for 3 years have been almost reduc'd to the want of the 
common necessarys of life the hopes of relief and to keep up the 
Credit of my family and fear of being troublesome to my friends 
made me conceal my wants as long as possible I now trust to 
your secresy as you are the only one I have made application to. 
(and as I always thought that you look'd on me as worthy 
your notice. so am still in hopes of your assistance) — 
D r : S r : I have therefore to entreat you for the loan of 70: or 80 
pounds) which if you will at present favour me with shall 
endeavour Gratefully to return as soon as it lays in my power m 
as private a manner as possible: as darlington who is entirely 
unacquainted, with my writing may not know it, nor no other 
person unless one you are pleasd to appoint.) D r : Sir for the 
former services and friendship I have heretofore receiv'd (tho 
you should not have pity on me now) I shall always aknowledge 
So Conclude with my best wishes for yourself Son and family 
and be assur'd that I am with all respect — 

Y r most. Oblig'd Humble Servant — 

Margaret Darlinton 


Sir W: m Johnson Bar 1 
p r . favor "^ 

of M r . I Fort Johnson 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 629 

A. L. S. 

N York May 3 1770 
Sir William 

An arrival in 6 Weeks at Boston tells us the Acts are repealed 
except that of Tea the Division upon the question of a General 
repeal was 61 against it but the question on y e repeal of the 
Paper paint & Glass was carried for it Without any Division. 
The Ministry are unshaken, they had a majority of 98 on a 
ministerial Question about y f 8 or 9 March. Lord Granby 1 
was carried by Calcraft 2 to the minority but the ministry have 
found means to get him back and he is to be reinstated in his posts, 
the Duke his father paying £104,000 which he owed to Calcraft. 
Lords Ligonier 3 & Albemarle 4 were at deaths door. Jo Goreham 
has got the L 1 Government of Newfoundland vice Otho Hamilton. 
S r Fra s Barnard has procured the Massachusets Govarnment for 
M 1 Hutchinson. M r Oliver is made L l Gov & Flucker 5 Secre- 
tary, S r Francis is a Bencher of the Temple with £600 a year. 
Pownal told the H° Com s that the Cause of the Distractions in 
Boston arose from the Licentiousness of the troops, Brig' 
Mackay" rose & told the House they Originated in that House 
for many Seditious Letters exciting the N Englandmen to fly in 
the face of Government were written by Members of the House 
in particular by M r Pownal & he assured the House there was 
not one word of truth in that Gentlemans whole Speech. General 

1 John Manners, Marquis, son of the Duke of Rutland, born in 1 721, 
died in 1770. 

2 John Calcraft, member of parliament, born in 1726, died in 1772. 

3 John, first Earl of Ligonier, celebrated soldier, born in 1679, died in 

4 George Keppel, third Earl of Albemarle, distinguished soldier, born 
in 1 724, died in 1 772. 

5 Thomas Flucker, provincial secretary. 

6 Hon. Alexander Mackay, colonel of the 65th regiment, 1769-1770, 
major general in 1 770, lieutenant general in 1 777. 

630 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Toovey is dead, his regim* given to Col Home. The citizens of 
London have carried [ a most Extraordinary 

remonstrance to [ ] the Nation is in a state of 

Distraction and [ the Sovereign will neither dissolve 

his parliament nor abandon his ministry it is expected this summer 
will be producted of [ ] lamentable Evils. The pacquet 

is just now come in but the Letters not being de [li] vered & myself 
afraid D r Shuckburgh will be sailed I must defer to another 
oppertunity what may be interesting enough for a second Epistle. 

I am with great deference 
Sir William 

Your most humble serv 1 

Jas Rivington 
M r Blackburne 1 desires 
me to present his humble 
Respects to yourself S r John 
Col Guy & Cap Claus. 

Mungo Campbell after sentence of Death passed, Hanged him- 
self, he shot Lord Eglingtown. 2 . A Spanish war is expected 3 & 
the Whole Nation agree in opinion that the French have struck a 
blow in the East Indies that will produce immediate hostilities. 


S r W m Johnson Bar 1 
at Johnson hall 

1 John Blackburn, London merchant, agent of Johnson. 

2 Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton, born in 1723, died 
in 1 769. He was shot in a dispute with Mungo Campbell, whom he 
accused of poaching on his grounds and sought to disarm. — Dictionary 
of National Biography. 

3 Trouble arose over the occupation of Port Egmont in the Falkland 
Islands in 1 770 by Spaniards in disregard of a British claim to posses- 
sion of the islands. War did not follow, Spain yielding Port Egmont 
to England. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 631 


May the 3K 1770 
Dear Sir 

yesterday I was feavor d . with 1 honors of the 30 th . april by an 
Indian for w h . I am Much oblig d . to you y e . Leter you Sent Me 
was from Wharton & Trent and much Less agreeable than I had 
Reson to Expect, I Dont find that they had the 10 of Jan?. Gott 
y e . Indian Grant to the Traders Confirm d . or Even aply d . for itt 
or Mine, yett they Write as if they Did not Doubt of Success, 
there Delays they say is oweing to the Confusion of the State of 
the Nation & the Great partys Now Subsisting in parlament w h . 
prevents any Business being Don in any of y e offises this they say 
& Lord Hillsburgh objections is the only barr to thire Success. 

I obtain d . for M r Banyar when I was in Philadelphia Some 
Ranger offisers Rights and his Excelency Gineral Gage Gave 
| Certificat that they had Served as Rang[ers and] 
was discarg d . as Such, M r Banyar wanted two More & I promist 
to gett them if I meet any in those parts if I had I was to aply to 
your Honor to Send there Names Down to y e . Gineral to desier a 
Certificat for them such as his Excelency had granted Mr Butt 
as have Nott Meet with any Such I Did Nott Truble you with 
the affair there are Several of those Ranger Cap ts . on y e . 
frontiers of pensylvaine & that way w h . was Imploy d . in 
1 758 . 59 . 60 . 61 & 62 to Serve with the Indians that way 

If y r . honor pleses to Write to y e . Gineral for a Certificat to 
oblidge M r . Banyar I inclose 2 the names of two w h . I will Ingage 
wil be Convaid to him 

as I find Myself very Litle beter I begin to Suspect that there 
is Some Complicated Disorder fallen in My feet wherefore I 3 
Inclined to Try the Warm Springs in Virginia, and [ 

1 Word omitted in the original. 

2 See following paper. 

3 A word omitted in the original. 

632 Sir William Johnson Papers 

"] I have 
Taken a parcel of Goods — [ ] that unfortu- 

nate Company this last Winter w' 1 . Lays att" Fort I will 
indeavour to go there & Dispose of them or have them Taken to 
y e . Settlem ts . as I think its Nott Improbable Butt Some 
Disturbance May hapen that Way Soon and in order to Secure 
what Litle property I have there I prepose going Towards the 
Last of this Month I can go Down from hear by Water into y e 
River Susquehanna So up Juniata to bedford w ch . is Butt a 
hundred Miles from Fort pitt a good Wagon Road 6c where I 
can have a Chase for I am Nott able to Ride five Miles %^haps 
the Warm baths & Warm Climatt Ma be of Some Service to Me, 
if Nott I Expect Nothing butt to be a Criple for Life I am 
Dear Sir with y e . Greatest Respect 

y r . Honors Most Hum ble . Servant 

Geo: Croghan 

P. S. if Co 11 . Johnsons Servant Shu d . 
Come this way I will Take Care of him. 
To the Hon ble . 
Sir William Johnson Ban- 1 . 

indorsed: 3 [ ] 

M r . Croghans Letter 
Dated 3 d . May 1 770 

A. L. 4 
Christopher Limes 
Thomas Hays 
one Line from y r . honor to the Gineral will gett M r . Banyar a 
Certificat for y e . above Cap ,s . Rights & I will Ingage to gett 
them to Signe over to him Indeed I Could gett Ten More of 
them in these parts if Wanted — 

1 Lines burned off. 

'-' A word omitted in the original. 

3 In Johnson's hand. 

4 Inclosed in George Croghan's letter of May 3, 1 770. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 633 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 455, are entered two warrants under date 
of May 3, New York, drawn by General Gage in favor of Johnson: one 
for £2031, 3s, 9|/2d, the other for £1686, 1 Is, lOd, with the accounts 
annexed. Destroyed by fire. 

D. S. 

[Johnson Hall, May 4, 1770] 

] £ .. 9..— 

] 19 10.. 8!4 

| stove with pipes and foot to it 7 . . 4 . . — 

] from New York to Albany 4 . . — 
] freight from Albany to 

Major Fonda's 10. . — 

£ 8. .17.. 8% 
By Cash £6 . . 8s 6 . . 8 . . 

B £ 2.. 9.. 8|4 

1 Johnson Hall May 4*. 1770 
Rec d . the above Ballance in full 

INDORSED 1 : [ ] 

£8.. 17.. &y 4 p d . 


Isaac Paris 

In Johnson's hand. 

634 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall May 4 th . 1770 
Pay unto Goldsborrow Banyar Esq re . 
£236 ..12 Cur r y. or order on Demand the Sum of 

Two Hundred & Thirty Six Pounds 
Twelve Shillings New York Currcy. & 
Charge it to Ace 1 , of 

Y r . Humble Servant 
W. Johnson 
To Abraham Mortier Esq re . 

Depy. Pay Master Genr 1 . 
New York 


r i Johnson-hall May 4 th . J 770 

M r Adems one of the Evidences to the Deed was gone 
down the Country on some business when your servt came, who 
went to M r Butlers & returned with a few Lines informing me 
that your Deed had been Sent down as Mentioned in the few 
Lines I then wrote you which my present hurry making up my 
dispatches for the Post will not allow me to enlarge upon as I 
could have wished. 

The little dirty performance you spoke of I have since seen, 
it is a Composition so false & Contemptible that I don't think it 
worth bestowing a Word upon it, farther than to say that I heard 
it came from the Pasture, & that there was something more than 
a probability of its having at least received the Countenance of 
the Gent 2 you mention, for many reasons, [as Well from his 

1 In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 Colonel Philip Schuyler. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 635 

Conduct in the Assembly where he said much more (according 
to the accounts of those who assure me they are ready to tell him 
so) than he Mentioned in his Letter to me, as from his engaging 
with great zeal in a party amongst whom I never expect to have 
any friends by whom I have had the honor to be often Calumn- 
iated but as I know how to Chastise the Author of any scurrilous 
productions of that sort when I discover them, I need 1 ] however 
I shall not detain you on a subject so trifling longer than to 
Assure you that whosoever was the Author I never conceived it 
had your Sanction & that it cannot influence me in any Matter 
wherein you are concerned On the Contrary I am ready to Serve 
you but give me leave to Assure you that I am condemned for 
the little part I am supposed to have had in your Affair & that 
by the Misrepresentations of those whom you do not suspect, but 
tho' this would not deterr me I know you would not desire that 
I sho d . furnish them with farther Subject for Slander however 
unjust. For as the Deed bears S r H Moore's Testimony in the 
usual Manner it might [ ] in my opinion 

unnecessary to do more than [ ] before any 

Magistrate & when you produce it [ ] should 

desire any thing from me I shall be ready to [ 
I know upon the occasion. This was the very [ 
which I put a Similar affair on the Application of [ 
Consequence of N York for whom I have a great Esteem [and 
I] dare say that it will sufficiently Answer your purpose I hope 
that the plainness & Candour which has governed My Corre- 
spondence with you upon this Subject will testify my ready 
Inclination to Serve you as far as yourself can desire, as well as 
that I am with much Esteem 

INDORSED: 2 May 4 th . 1770 

To Col. Bradstreet 

1 Crossed out in the original. See Hugh Wallace to Johnson, January 
7, 1769, VI:571, for comment on Schuyler's behavior. 

2 In Johnson's hand. 

636 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 


A. D. S. 

The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Baronet D r 

To Paul Hoghstrasser 
[ ] 5 

[ ] 5 th . To 2 Pair Leather Breeches £4. . 8. . 

[ ] 66 To I P r : D°: to Master John 

Johnson for his Negro 1 . . 1 2 . . 

[ ]ly 6th. T i p r . D o. to Sir William's 

Servant 2 . . . . 

] March 27 To a P r . Leather Breeches 

to M r . W m . Hoghmaster £1.. 4.. 


Sir — Please to pay the above Contents to 
M r Isaac Paris, and his receipt shall 
be a Sufficient discharge as Witness 
my hand Paul Hogstrasser 

Johnson Hall May 4 th . 1 770 
Rec d . the above Sum in full 1 

INDORSED: 3 Paul Hogstrassers 
Ace'. £9. .4. . 
paid to I[ 

Isaac Paris 2 

1 Receipt in Johnson's hand. 

2 Autograph. 

R In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 637 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall May 5 (l \ 1770 

Pay unto Co 1 . Guy Johnson of Guy 
1 52 . . 1 6 Cur r y. Park or order on Demand the 

Sum of One Hundred & fifty Two 
Pounds Sixteen Shillings New York 
Currency & charge it to Ace 1 , of 
Y r . Humble Servant 
W Johnson 
To Abraham Mortier Esq r . 
Depy. Pay Master Genr 1 . 
New York — 

G Johnson 

New York May 21 st . 1770 
Received the Contents 

Fran 55 : Child 


A. L. S. 

Ontario 5 lh May 1770 
[Dear] Sir 

I take the opportunity of Wemple to acquaint you that he has 
behaved very well in both Capacites as Interpreter & Smith 
whilst here, he was on his way down last fall and returned back 
when he meet M r Brown who had a message to him from you 
to that purpose I can't prevail on him to remain here any longer 
I have just got the Generals orders to go to Niagara with the 
garrison as soon as all the stores are removed there which will be 
soon in about three weeks, all the Indian Chiefs about here 
have payed me a visit last winter, they seem to be peaceably 
Inclined, the rumour of a Congress raises their spirits and I think 

638 Sir William Johnson Papers 

would be a good help to keep peace if there was one every 
spring appointed, M r Brown is to have a Corp 1 . & four men only 
to take care of the Buildings 

Please to remember me to M r Byrnes 

I am Sir with great Respect 

P. S: Nothing new from Your most Humb: 

Detroit of late of the 1 8 th & Ob'. Ser 1 

of Ap 1 . Allan Grant 

INDORSED: 1 L l . Grants letter 5 th . May 1770 
Ans rd . 12 th . May 
by Mess rs . Wade & Creiser 


A. L. S. 

W™.burg 5 th . May 1770 

I ] 

c Last Night I recei d Letters from Canada Copies of which I 
hereby inclose you. If the Indians there are dealt with in the 
Manner these Letters give an Acco*. of it must be allowed by 
every Body cruel & despotic, shamefull Behaviour to People we 
perhaps think to have in our power w ch however may have bad 
Impressions upon distant Nations; Had they recollected what I 
told them with Regard of what & how far Gen 1 . Carleton had 
any Bus s . with them they might have avoided the Abuses they 
rece d . from young Carleton, 2 His Uncle must either have separate 
Instructions ab f . Ind n Matters in Canada or he must act very 
much out of his sphere w ch . perhaps he is ignorant of thinking the 
whole Management of Ind n . Aff rs . consisted in Trade, w ctl . he is 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 Christopher Carleton, captain lieutenant in the 3 1 st regiment. In the 
War of the Revolution, as Major of the 29th British regiment, he was 
active in Northern New York, and in 1 780 he captured Fort Ann and 
Fort George. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 639 

to regulate, & God knows little it is minded, he pretends to be 
fond of Ind ns . but they must Obey else be treated a la mili[taire/ 
severals have tried but to little purpose. 
My Family joins me in Duty & Respect And remain 

Honored Sir 
Your Obed 1 . Son 
Dan. Claus 
The Hon bIe Sir Wm Johnson Bar 1 
& Knht. 

INDORSED: 1 Letter from M r . Claus 

May 1770 

A. L. S. 2 

Johnson Hall May 5"". 1770 
Dear Sir/ 

I have received your verry kind favour of y e . 22 d . Ult°. with 
the letters from the Secretary of State, one of which was only a 
Duplicate, & the other contained the Kings Speech & ca with 
verry little else of moment, I can most readily Excuse my worthy 
& most esteemed Freinds not writing so often as formerly, well 
knowing that it does not arise from disinclination, but from busi- 
ness and other Circumstances which we all must experience at 
a Certain time of Life. — Our Freind Banyar has been so kind 
as to Supply that by writing me verry punctually & fully on such 
subjects as You have thought proper, as I have done to him, 
however I cannot but particularly thank You for your kind 
Attention to my Recommendations of Magistrates & ca . and I 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

2 In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

640 Sir William Johnson Papers 

hope they will be found worthy. — M r . Banyar has given me an 
Account of M r . Ranslears 1 Menacing letter, on which I have 
answered him, and ref err You thereto, The Stile is pritty extraord- 
inary, I am sure it is not his own, nor would he have so 
expressed himself but from hopes his party may have from Lord 
Dunmores Countenance, which, if proper measures are taken, 
they will never have. — the great Objection to his Regiment is 
from the manifest Tendency of its Bounds as expressed in the 
Commission, Tho the People complain both of the Officers & the 
Manner in which they were appointed, otherwise Indeed it might 
have been Sufficient to alter the Boundary without removing all 
the Officers, however he now deserves little favour. — I fancy it 
will not be an easy task to procure an Union of Sentiment 
between the Quebec & N York Commissioners. Their Interests 
differ greatly, and consequently it may be apprehended they will 
do verry little. 

In All probability the Government will soon allow the Act for 
Emitting Bills, — they ought always to acknowledge Your 
Services, & the firmness you shewed in most alarming Periods, 
If the Crown Expects more, Its Servants must be better Sup- 
ported, The Spirit of Party, & Confusion of the Times are dis- 
agreable Prospects to a Wise Man, Some Vigorous Effort only 
will overcome them, but the point is delicate, & those who create 
these Disorders well know, how tender it is to apply the proper 

I shall now & then write my Dear Freind, when I think him 
most disengaged without desireing a Return but when it is quite 
convenient. I sincerely wish You a Continuance of Health & 
Happiness, and shall always think myself happy If I can pro- 
mote your Interest and contribute to your Satisfaction, being 
with the most Cordial regard, & affection. Dear Sir, 

Your Most Sincere Freind 
& oblidged Humble Servant 
W Johnson 

1 Colonel John Van Rensselaer, of the Claverack militia. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 641 

A. L. S. 

Sunday Morning [May 6 1770] 

I ] 

As I am now ready and intend soon to apply to the Governor 
& Council to appoint a day for obliging the Patentees of the 
Patent commonly call'd the Hardenbergh Patent to make good 
their claim; 1 I am on my way to Colonel Butler to obtain from 
him a Certificate that the Lands was agreed for before the sign- 
ing the late Treaty at Fort Stanwix; and must beg the favor to 
know from You, if you have any objections to is 2 giving said 
Certificate or otherwise. 

I have let Schuyler see your letters; and he assures me on his 
honor, he never wrote nor spoke to your disadvantage in his life. 

I am with much esteem & regard 
Your most obedient 

very humble servant 
Jn Bradstreet 

Sir W m Johnson Bar' 

INDORSED: 3 May 6 th 1770 — 

Co 1 . Bradstreets letter 

1 See Calendar of Land Papers, pp. 500, 508, 518, 520, 524, 525 
et seq. 

2 Evidently intended for "his." 

3 In Johnson's hand. 


642 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Albany 6th May 1770 

I was at New York a few Days ago and shewed the L'. 
Governor (by my Father's directions) a list of such officers as 
my Father" recommended to your notice of which he approved 
provided you had no objections and he was so obliging as to 
deliver me the Commissions to be kept by me until Your pleasure 
was known, which my Father tells me you have signified to him 
by Letter. Col°. Bradstreet and I arrived at New York much 
about the same, he had scarce been Six hours there ; but the whole 
Town was full of invidious reflections against Col°. Hogeboom" 
— He was called a dirty dram shop keeper, had been a follower 
of the Army and sold rum to the Soldiers — a Man of a mean 
and despicable Character and a Dependent of Col°. Rensselaer's. 
The Col°. was so very industrous in propogating these calumnies 
that the Governor and many of his Council were told that Col°. 
Rensselaer A Man of a fair and amiable Character was super- 
seded by such a Man as Hogeboom — All these things had no 
other effect then to make their late abuses in filling up S r Harry 
Moores Commissions more publickly known than they were 
before. The Governor enquired particularly of me about M r 
Hogeboom what kind of a Character he bore and whether he 
kept a Dirty Tavern. I assured his Honer that M r . Bradstreet 
had injured him very much that he kep't no Tavern nor had he 
done it for a considerable time before and at a time he did do it 
he was in a manner under a necessity on Account of the vast con- 
course of People that used to pass through Claverack. That 
M r . Hogeboom Sold Liquor by the Pint quart & ca to his Shop 
Customers that this was common among all the Country Shop- 

1 In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

2 Colonel Cornelius Van Schaack. 

3 Colonel Jeremiah Hogeboom, of the Claverack militia. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1 774 643 

keepers and absolutely unavoidable. His Honor & Such of the 
Gentlemen of the Council as spoke to me on the Subject told me 
that this by no means Degraded the Man — Whether he had 
any interest among the People & whether he was a Man of 
Property? I satisfied them fully in these points and I now do 
assure You Sir that he has more personal interest than any Man 
at Claverack and in point of property he is the third upon the 
Tax List (his L l Col°. the first) and pays as much again as Col°. 
Rensselaer's eldest Son who lives at Claverack The Col os . drift 
it is supposed was to cast a Reflection on the Recommender. 
Hogeboom will say some hard things and I really think they 
had done much better to have let him alone. He has wrote the 
L l . Governor of which the inclosed is a Copy. I trouble you 
Sir with these things that you may be Satisfied that you have not 
been abused in the Lists that have been sent up to you from 
Kinderhook and Claverack. Our friends at New York have 
advised us to be prepared upon the arrival of the expected 
Governor 1 to lay the proceedings of those People in the late 
administration before him. It is apprehended they will attempt 
to procure alterations at Claverack & that our joining will be of 
Service to the Cause. 

Your Friends at New York are extremely desirous of Your 
coming down to York upon the arrival of My Lord Dunmore it 
is immagined every act of a certain disappointed faction will be 
Employ'd to impress his Lordship with unfavorable Sentiments 
about the Claverack Appointments. To prevent this my Friends 
at New York have requested of me to send down a full State of 
the late Regiment for that part of the Manor of Rensselaer 
which lies at Claverack which I will immediately do on my 
return home. 

My Father will with all possible Speed furnish You with the 
Return of the Regiment agreeable to the Order he received two 
Days ago. 

1 John Murray, fourth Earl of Dunmore, was appointed January 2, 
1 770, lo succeed Sir Henry Moore. 

644 Sir William Johnson Papers 

There was a report at New York that very few of the Justices 
would be qualified in that case. M r . Banyar thought it would 
be best to have some New Ones recommended. A larger num- 
ber have qualified than was immagined but still it is thought some 
new ones will be wanted. Should that be the case I humbly 
beg leave to hint a few Persons living in Town that would 
gladly accept of the office — they are good Men and in the 
opposition. Dirck B. Van Schonhoven, Samuel Pruyn & Abra- 
ham I Lansingh — I hint these three People as I know them to 
be Staunch. — The Caul Bell rings I have therefor only time 
to add that I am with great truth & Sincerity, in haste 

Respectfully Sir 
Your most Obliged & Obedient 
humble Servant 


The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Alb?. 6 th . [May] June 1770 
Major H Vanschaacks 
Letter w ,h . an Inclosure 

A. L. 5. 

New London May 7 th . 1770 
[Dea]r Sir 

By Cap' Killy bound directly to Albany I have sent you to 
the Care of M r Cartwright a Box with sundry trees & Vines 
from the West Indies as ift the inclosed list at the Bot- 
tom of which I have given some directions about the management 
of them. A Coop with a young Pea Cock and Hen and a Box 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 645 

Containing several things particularly a Curious Collection of 
Indian Corn 

2 Ears of Spanish or Mexico Corn — Comes late 

2 ditto Early yellow d°. 

1 ditto Early white 

4 Ears of Eygyptian Corn 
a parcel of Ground Nuts or Peas from the West Indies but will 
Come to perfection in your fine soil the method of planting or 
Cultivating them is first to make the Ground very fine then pre- 
pare a Large flat Hill in different parts of which stick ab l a doz 
or 14 of the peas after taking them out of the shell — when they 
Grow & Blossom keep Constantly Raising the Hill Round & 
over them — shell or Hull and roast them Moderately and they 
are very good the best way is to just Brown them in a Coffee 
Roaster and let them stand & Cool — 

in this Box M rs Chew has put you up three [ 
Rose water and I have put in six Bottles of as [ 
peach Brandy as Ever came from Virginia just [ 
with a few dryed English Black hart Cherrys — which we 
pray you to Accept of - — 

I shall write you again in a few days and hope by the End 
of this month to have the pleasure of seeing you M rs Chew 
presents her best Compliments and Respects and I beg you will 
Accept of mine and my most Earnest wishes for your health and 
Happiness and be assured I am most Respectfully 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed'. & 
Most Hble Serv*. 
My best Compliments to the Jos Chew 

Gentlemen at the River & 
at the Hall 

The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar'. 
indorsed: 1 [ ] May 7 th . 1770 

M r Chews Letter w ,K . 

an Inclosure — 

1 In Johnson's hand. 

646 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Catts Kill may 7"' 1770 

yours I was honourd with & Came to hand the forth instant 
and note the Contents I was with M r Samuel Broom & Comp>\ 
Merch' 8 . in New York who I am indebted to the £20 — which 
your honour was so good to pass your word for which I may 
say wase a friendy. turn in truth 

When I went to him I offer d . him Double Interest and amort- 
gage for ten tiem s . his Sum And that he onely Should wait to 
the return of M r Thomas Lynott from Ierland which is expected 
the last of this month who I expect to receive 2000'. Dollars from 
for land s . I gave him a pow r . to Dispose [ | but all I Could 

Say or Do was to no purpose as he was in want of [ 
Cash and since that I have & am useing all the Indagations [in] 
my power to get it on amortgage 

notwithstand?. I have Debts Due me on note & bond 8 , to three 
times the Sum which I am promis d . to receive in five weeks 

If M r . Peter Silvester would wait to the later end of this 
month I think it will be in my power to pay the Cash rather than 
let Your honour 85 , godness Suffer I shall put it if Requested in 
the power of M r . Peter Sylvester to make sells of anything I am 
possessed of Should it bring but halfe its Value 

and am with best Respects Your honour s most 

Obedient humble Servant 
Hugh Deniston 
To Sir Will m . Johnson Bar 1 . 


Sir WilK Johnson Bar'. 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 1 Katts Kill May 7"\ 17 [70] 
M r . Hugh Dennistons [ 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 




























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Post-War Period, 1763-1774 649 

A. L. S. 

New London, May 9 l K 1770 
Dear Sir: 

By Cap* Kelley bound to Albany I sent you a Box of young 
trees and vines from the west Indies, a coop with a pea Cock & 
Hen and a Box Containing sundries — an Acco'. of which you 
have in a Letter sent by the Cap', under Cover to M r Cartwright. 
I hope they may get safe to hand and gave the Captain a Very 
strict Charge to be Carefull of them. 

most People here are ingaged in Party, at Present to morrow 
is the day that is to decide who is to be Governor who Lieu* 
Gov r . & who Councilors &c — Fitchs 1 Friends say he will surely 
Come in but they have often been two sure — I have sent you 
the papers and having yesterday Caught a most unsufferable 
Cold which almost Confines me I Can only add that I am with 
Every Respect and sincere wish for your health and happiness 
most truly 

Dear Sir 
The Hon ble Your most Obed't 

Sir Wm Johnson Bar 1 most Hble Serv*. 


The Hon ble . Sir William Johnson Bar'. 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: 2 [New Lo]ndon May 9 th . 1770 
M r . Chews Letter with 
an Inclosure 

Thomas Fitch was Governor of Connecticut from 1754 to 1766; 
William Pitkin from 1766 to 1769; Jonathan Trumbull from 1769 to 

2 In Johnson's hand. 

650 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York, May 9* 1770. 
Dear Sir William, 

I am happy in the opportunity of writing to you 
by M r Forbes to enquire of your health & hope to hear from you 
on his return. He is a sensible good man & a much admired 
preacher. He is the son of an Alderman Forbes who was 
Lord Mayor of Dublin. His curiosity is great. He had been to 
South Carolina by land & back again. He expected to have 
found Croghan here, to have gone with him to Fort Pit: to have 
proceeded from thence to Detroit. We are all wrong at home — 
the times are out of tune. What will it end in? If some heads 
had been lopped off long ago, the King would not be insulted 
now. Any War for me, before a civil one. I wish your days 
may be long, & that those things may not happen either in your 
day or mine. 

I am, Dear Sir, 

Most sincerely yours, 


To Sir William Johnson 


A. L. S. 

May the 10* 1770 
Dear Sir 

yesterday M r Prevost Delivered Me your Honers feaver of 
thusday with the agreeable News Comuniteated to you by 
Tho: Wharton for w h . I Return you My Sincear thanks, itt 
is Carteanly the More agreeable att this Time then itt wold have 
been att any other period of my Life as Sam Wharton & M r . 

In Library of Congress, Force Transcripts. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 651 

Trent Left Me Much Involved on thire acount when they Left 
this Cuntry & has Kept Me in the Dark Since august last for 
thire Leter of the 10 6c 11 of Jan>. has very Litle in itt Either 
Intilegent or agreeable, Butt I Now find out the Rason is they 
Must have aply d . the Mony I Drew for to the payment of this 
purchass to Secure the Grants & by that Step Suffer My Bills to 
Come back protested, w h . will be atten[ded] with a Considerable 
Loss to Me as well as a Reflection on My Reputation as few 
pople in Trade in Such Cases butt is apt to Judge on the 111 
Natur d . Side, yett as things Seem to have Stood & Litle hopes 
of y e . Confirmation but by purchass its beter for Me to Sufer 
then Louse the futer advantedge for I shall have with My own 
purchass & what I shall have out of the Traders Grant Near 
500.000 '[ ] and there is No beter Land in Amerri- 

ca Nor so Even plesent & helthey a Climett & Nothing Can 
prevent its Imedeat Settlem 1 . Butt an Indian Broyle with the 
western Nations w h . I am Extreamly afrade will Soon Take place 

as your Honor Corresponds with M r . Hugh Wallice I will be 
much oblidg d . to you to Menshon this Curcumstance of M r . 
Wharton being oblidg d . to advance y e Mony for this Purches 
w h . was the ocation of my bills Coming Back, this from you will 
apease the Clamer, & which I am Confedent Must have been y e . 
Case and w h . No Doubt My Leters by y e . March packet will 
bring Me a full acount of 

y r . honor Desers My thoughts fully on the Subject of M r . 
McKees Leter & Intiligence I ashure you I have been very unesey 
Ever Sence I received them, as from My own Knoledge of those 
Nations I am apt to blive they are Come to a Resolusion of 
Difering with us, the Repeted Murders of thire pople on the 
frontiers of Verginia Marreyland & Pensilvaine with y e Total 
Neglect of those Goverments Takeing any Notice of them with 
the Houtey Coredge of the Commanding offisers att y e . Several 
out posts & Dismision of the Comiserys with the Neglect of y e . 

1 See Calendar of Land Papers, pp. 447, 469, 490, and Doc. Rel 

lo Co]. I list. N. Y., VIT:9R3 fno f r). Mil: I 28. 

652 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Six Nations att Fort Stanwix to y e five Deputys who Came from 
Ohio, who Say the Six Nations Never Call d . them Into privet 
Counsel, has Disgusted them & Now y e . Repairing of our forts, 
w h . they will Luck upon as a preperation for warr, will No 
Doubt Make them Duble thire Delegence & putt them on there 
Gard, I have been Long Inform d . of thire General plan & gave 
the Intiligents to y r honor, itt Tuck its Rise att Chinisee in the 
year 1 765 on the Return of y e . Deputys that Came to y r house 
to Make thire paice, 1 the Sinicaes then Imploy d . y e Shawnas & 
Dallaways to go to all the Western Nations to Seliseat a Gineral 
Union in order to putt a Stop to the English Coming into thire 
Cuntry to Setle any further, & y e . Deputys of y e . Shannas & 
Dallaways when they Came to fort Stanwix brought back y e 
answers of all the Westren Nations & Deliverd them to the 
Sinicas, this I inform d . you of att Fort Stanwix, the Charroky 
paice then haveing Taken place itt inlarged thire plan, and Sence 
thet Time the Shannas & Dallaways have been imploy d . to Make 
a paice for y e Charrokeys with y e Wabauce Indians and Hums 
& other Nations over y e Leeks w h . has been very Dificult to bring 
about those Nations being very averst to Makeing paice with y e 
Southren Nations If this be onst acomplised as M r McKee has 
been Inform d . itt is. I think there is No Doubt butt a very Severe 
Blow will be Struck on y e Suthren provinces Soon, I have Now 
Inform d . y r . honor of Every thing Worth Notice that has Ever 
come to My Knoledge of y e . Indians Causes of Complaint, & 
Designs, & I am of opinion that if they have Succeeded with the 
Wabouse & Detroit Nations that No Negosions Nor presents 
tho Ever So Greatt will prevent thire Makeing a Tryel of thire 
Strenth — Nothing Butt Deviding thire Counsels & giveing 
Suspisions ] other Can be Effectial to prevent thire 

Designs — and if I am Nott Much Misteken the Sinicas will putt 
themselves att the Head of this Confederecy, itt Seems [ 
od that the Rest of y e . Six Nations Should Nott be aquainted 
with itt in purtic[ the Mohocks w h . I think wold in 

ir The peace treaty of July 4-14, 1765. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 653 

Gratitude Inform y r honor of itt I am perswaded the Cayugaes 
& onondagoes Do know itt, A Litle Time will prove to Me 
whether I have been Deceived in the Several Intilegenses I have 
had, if I be I shall think Myself very hapy as No Individual in 
America Can Suffer half as Much as I Must in My Intrest if a 
Warr Takes place to y e . Southerd w h . I Must Confess I am 
Much affrede of when I Consider, thatfall Nations of Indians 
are a Restless pople who Never forgett Nor forgive Injureys & 
often think they are Injured when they are the agreserors from 
thire Natuerall Disposion of Rambling they must Imploy 
themselves against us if they be att paice with one another 
Another thing is they can have No Dependence in any thing we 
promiss from the Suden Changes of Meshers w h . they Cant be 
Made to understand & w h . Must allways Make against the 
British Intrest, with all Nations, as Long as No uniform plan is 
adopted, by y e . Ministers, who Seem to Me to know No More 
of the Mater, then they wold the use of a fifth wheel to a Coach/ 

Itt is the fear of a Broyle with the Indians, that has Determind 
Me, to Sett of this Month for fort pitt, in order to Dispose of 
Some Goods, w h . I tuck from the Company, as Soon as posable, 
& to Sell Some vallueable Improvem ts . I have there if posable, 
before any Disturbence broke out, I Dont think of Staying there 
above Ten Days while I am there, if any thing Worth y r . 
knoledge, Comes to Mine I will Nott fail to Give you the 
Earliest advise 

I Wrote y r honor Some Time ago & Requested to know if 
M r . Tilghman had agree d . with you for Montours place on y e . 
West branch Susquehanna & wold be Glad to Know before I 
Sett of 

The Ginerals Not Chuseing to pay Me y e . Smiths and 
Interpreters pay Most part of w h . I have unready paid, has been 
Some Disapointm 1 . & Bears Me of Cash & oblidges Me to aply 
to your Honor for to Lend Me about £ 1 50 to pay Some Trifels 
I owe in y e . Cuntry before I go w h . if Convent I will be oblidg d . 
to you to Send by M r Prevost who will Deliver your Honor 

654 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this & plese to give him y e . patent & Deeds I left in y r . Study 
I am Dear Sir with the Greatest Respect 

y 1 . Honors Most Obeident & 
Most Hum hl : Servant 
Geo: Croghan 
To the Hon ble . 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
Inclos d . is M r Whartons Leter 


Johnson hall May 10 ih . 1770 
I ] 

I have had the favor of yours of the 16 th . ult°. 
Since which I have received sev 1 . Accots from Canada of the 
dissatisfaction of the Caghnawaga Indians for some reasons I am 
not inclined to enlarge upon, The same is also Manifest amongst 
the Ind s . of S l . Regis who are daily in disputes with the 
Abenaquis who have intruded upon them, & as it is said thro' 
the Means of two or three frenchmen there have endeavored to 
impose on Gov r Ca