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Prepared for publication by 
The Division of Archives and History 


Director and Stale Historian 

- J. 




19 3 3 


Volume VIII 


List and description of illustrations v 

List and description of maps vii 

Preface ix 

Autographs from volume VIII xiii 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 1 



St John's Episcopal Church, Johnstown, N. Y Frontispiece 

Sir William Johnson is buried in the churchyard. 


James Rivington 98 

From a painting by an unknown artist, owned by New York Historical 
Society, New York City. 

Guy Park, home of Guy Johnson 288 

Peter Silvester, Attorney of Sir William Johnson 302 

From a painting in the courthouse, Catskill, N. Y. Courtesy of trustees 
of Emory A. Chase Memorial Library, Catskill, N. Y. 

Philip Schuyler Monument, Albany, N. Y 370 

Beverly Robinson 524 

From Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 

The Reverend Myles Cooper 620 

From a painting by Copley, owned by Columbia University, New York 

Signatures to Oath of Allegiance, Abjuration and Test 656 

Jail at Johnstown, N. Y., center portion built in 1 772 708 

Courthouse at Johnstown, N. Y., erected by Sir William Johnson 

in 1772 710 

Old St John's Episcopal Church, Johnstown, N. Y., erected by Sir 

William Johnson in 1 772. Destroyed by fire in 1836 926 

Peter Johnson 944 

From a painting by an unknown artist, in the Public Library, Toronto, 

Room in Johnson Hall where Sir William Johnson died II 84 

Grave of Sir WiUiam Johnson in yard of St John's Episcopal 

Church, Johnstown, N. Y 11 96 





A rude map without names 118 

Guy Johnson's map of Iroquois Country, 1771 264 

From Documentary History of New York, 4:660. 

Map of lands bought for Totten and Crossfield in 1771, showing 
also names of owners on the south 936 

Map of lands on north and west branches of Hudson river, being 
along the south bounds of Totten and Crossfield's purchase 936 

Another map of lands on north and west branches of Hudson river, 

being along the south bounds of Totten and Crossfield's purchase. 936 

Map of Totten and Crossfield's purchase and lands to the south, 
showing the Totten and Crossfield's purchase divided into lots and 
numbered 936 

The patent of Tienonderoga 976 

From Documentary) History of New Yorl^, 3:543. 

Sketch of boundary of Pennsylvania on the north 996 



Volume VIII of the Sir William Johnson Papers covers the 
period from March 1 771 to the death of Sir William at Johnson 
Hall on July 11,1 774, at the age of 59. It also includes all 
of the salvaged supplementary materials in the Johnson manu- 
scripts in the New York State Library from July 12, 1774, to 
March 30, 1 808. 

The last three years of Sir William's life paralleled the 
beginnings of the War for Independence, He witnessed the 
joyous observance of the anniversary of the repeal of the Stamp 
Act and the coming of Governor Tryon in 1771, the suggestion 
by Franklin for a general American congress and the ferment 
over the tea tax in 1 773, the election of extra-legal committees. 
New York's tea party and the call of the first Continental Con- 
gress in 1 774. But he does not seem to have been fully conscious 
of the approaching storm. As far as his immersion in Indian 
affairs, land matters and personal interests would permit, he kept 
an eye on local and imperial politics. He congratulated Lieu- 
tenant Governor Colden on the assumption of his fifth term of 
service as head of the province, and hoped General Gage would 
bring to their senses the refractory Boston people who were too 
much encouraged in London. He had Hugh Gaine keep him 
supplied with the acts of the Assembly as they were printed, 
together with other books, but there is no evidence of any interest 
in revolutionary committees and congresses. Had Johnson lived 
there can be little doubt that he would have become a Loyalist 
of the type of Colden. 

The papers of this later phase of Johnson's life reveal his 
wide interests and the multiplicity of his duties. One notes his 
unusual interest in religion and education. Among his corre- 
spondents were clergymen like Samuel Auchmuty, John Stuart, 
William Andrews, Charles IngHs, Samuel Kirkland, Jonathan 


X Preface 

Lee, William Hanna, Daniel Burton, Richard Mosley, Harry 
Munro and Richard Hind. Besides helping to establish churches 
in the Mohawk valley and supply them with ministers, he was 
eager to send trustworthy missionaries to instruct the Indians, for 
which Robert Lowth, bishop of Oxford, praised him. 

Educational efforts were encouraged likewise. Schoolmasters 
like Samuel Peisley, Thomas Erving, John Blackler, Robert 
David and Carpenter applied to him for positions as teach- 
ers. Henry Babcock wished to found a seminary among the Six 
Nations, and William Andrews solicited patronage for an 
academy in Schenectady. 

Naturally his work as Superintendent of Indian Affairs 
monopolized most of his time. He kept an eye on the French 
in the Mississippi valley and the forts they were building. 
Treaties with the red men were safeguarded and Indian con- 
ferences held. He sought to prevent whites from encroaching on 
Indian lands and aimed to limit the sale of rum. He kept Guy 
Johnson, Daniel Claus, Robert Rogers and Alexander McKee 
busy with Indian relations. An alliance of western Indians 
against the English was thwarted. He urged the need of a 
government on the Ohio and opposed the movement of the 
western Indians for a superintendent of their own. 

Next to Indian affairs Johnson was busied with land matters. 
His time was consumed not only with his own large holdings 
which he was continually selling and trading, but also with new 
purchases in which he was involved as far west as the Ohio 
valley concerning which a quarrel with Virginia resulted. He 
seemed to be ever on the lookout for new land bargains. Many 
disputed claims were submitted to him for advice and adjustment 
by both whites and Indians. 

Johnson initiated the movement for a division of Albany 
county, interested Philip Schuyler in the project and had Tryon 
county set off in 1 772 with Johnstown as the county seat. Sir 
William had much to do with the origin of the county 

Preface xi 

These letters also reveal a keen interest by Johnson in imperial 
and European affairs. He kept in touch with prominent men in 
England and in the colonies, and his comments on international 
relations show a remarkable grasp of public affairs in Canada, in 
the French and Spanish colonies, in Great Britain and on the 

Johnson was successful in business as well as in land specula- 
tion and invested some of his savings in England. His Indian 
trade was extensive and profitable and his able business agents 
were chosen with care. The general opinion prevailed that he 
was a rich man, that he was exceptionally keen in commercial 
matters, that he stood in favor with the powers in the province 
and in London, and that his hold over the Indians was marvelous. 

Johnson's death removed from the stage a recognized empire- 
builder, and his demise was lamented by red men and white. 

Although the bulk of the Sir William Johnson Papers con- 
sists of source materials in the possession of the State of New 
York, yet during the course of publication a number of letters 
to and from Johnson have been located in other depositories in 
Europe and America. As far as possible these letters have been 
inserted in their proper chronological place and due acknowledg- 
ment has been made of their owners. Those letters that were 
received too late for inclusion have been saved for a supple- 
mentary volume. 

The exacting and laborious task of collation and annotation 
of this volume has been performed by Dr Almon Wheeler 
Lauber, editorial assistant in the Division of Archives and 

Attention is called to an error in volume VII. In the list of 
illustrations on page v and below the illustration facing page 900 
the name "Major F. C. Ornsby" should be "Major F. C. 
Ormsby— Johnson." 

Alexander C. Flick 
Director, Archives and History Division 

and State Historian. 

Autographs From Volume VIII 


<:^^yr^^t^'^ (c%^z:>^6ylU'f-^ 

n Jj 


f/i'id /^ 

^^ ^?6/l>^dV .Xl^^ 

Cc^.- ^rr^i^yl 



In the Johnson Calendar, page 480, is listed a letter written at Johnson 
Hall, March 1, 1771, by Sir WiUiam Johnson to Myles Cooper and 
Rev. John Ogilvie concerning Rev. David Griffith's refusal of the 
Schenectady church, a suitable missionary for Johnstown and the success 
of Mr Stewart and Mr Andrews, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:440- 
41 ;Q, 4.275.) 


A. L. 5.1 

Teronto March h^ 1771 
Sir William 

We had the Honour of Writing You the 29 of December Last 
which we hope You have Rec^. since which we have Verry 
Little to Communicate to You. 

We Mentioned to You then, that the Wheather was Like 
spring, it Continued so Untill the 29 Jan''y. at night when it 
begun to blow and snow prodigiously, our house being Covered 
with bark and that not Verry tight, without Any Ceiling, the 
snow blew In and was above a foot Deep in the house and on 
the goods before Morning, it Continued so all the Next day, 
in which time we suffered Verry much, and had a severe job 
the Next day to get the snow out & Clean our Goods from it 
it Came in the same Manner a Week after & the third Week 
also but not so Violent so that Last Month made Us pay 
severely for the pleasantness of the former Ones. You Cant 
Imagine what fatigue we Undergo In Geting fire Wood which 
we are Oblidged to draw Nigh a mile In a sled, we should have 

In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[had] Enough had it not been for the Ind". Vv^ho Lives [ ] 

who with his Son Lyes in the Outward room & burns [ ] 

the Whole Night, it is at present fine Winter Wheather. 
We have had some Indians hear (which is four days journey) 
from where Monsiur S^ John the In[dian] trades who seemed 
Verry well pleased with [ ] traded with them. Lately 

we have had a Visit from Phochickey the Great Chief with four 
Others, who Spoke to Us by ten Strings of Wampum, the Old 
Man told Us, that when he saw Us in the Spring he Imagined 
we only came for a Little time, but was Verry glad he found 
we Continued, that we might be Assured he would tell all his 
people and Others to trade with Us, and Indeed we have no 
reason to Misdoubt it for As yet they all have, he and his party 
traded off When we made the Old Man a present of a two 
Gall". Cag of rum, salt and a Little Tobacco, for which they 
will go two or three days journey for, they went off highly 
satisfied, the Indians are all Verry Civil and Supplys Us Con- 
tinually with plenty of Venison which Costs Us a mere triffle. 
they kill them all Round our house, but we are such bad hunters 
or [ ] we have not killed One & the Indian who [ ] 

Us but two. we Consume a Vast Quantity of [prov]isions 
being Oblidged to feed All the Indians that [come] hear 
wheather they trade or not. 

We had two Casks of Kettles from M^ Campbell in the spring 
which we had no [occas]ion to Examine, Except what we 
wanted for Our Own Use, Untill now when there is a demand 
for them. What we took for Use was not Used above a Week 
before there was holes in them, you may judge from this, that 
Out of six we have but One tolerable One & only One we Can 
Use at Any rate, which is Verry Expensive to Us. We are 
Certain they must be Old Shop keepers that he Could not get 
off to Any One Else, its Impossible they could receive the 
Damage In the Carrage. at any Rate they are not the kind nor 
Merchantable, they Come to £26:6- v^^hich would be a Vast 
sum to pay for Nothing besides the Disapointment. we have 
wrote to M^ Campbell that we Intend to return them, a Word 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 3 

from You will be a means to prevent Disputes, we would Send 
you a List of What Furrs & Skins we have if it was Not to 
troublesome this time of Year to Weigh them off & Reckon, 
but I believe we will not be Disapointed We have had our share. 
The Indian who is with Us having nothing [ ] We have 

send him with this to Niagara as [ ] Miss no Oper- 

tunity of Letting you hear from Us [ ] hearty & 

well, thank God. this is the Last we [ ] have an 

Opertunity to trouble You Until the [ ] Arrives. 

Our Sincere Wishes Attend Sir John [ ] Rest of Your 

family. Wishing you many happy Years we are. — 

My Dear Sir WilHam 

Your Most Oblidged & Most Obd' 


Wade & Keiuser 

P. S. We are Verry 

Great Men. the Indians 

Makes formal speeches 

to Us Verry Often by Strings 

of Wampum. — 

The Indian who is with Us Understands this Language tolerable 

Well, but he much Addicted to Liquor, but I keep him pritty 

tight and in Good Order, he is Cuting & Hawling Everry day. 

I make them all know there Duty If I did not there would be 

no Manageing them 


Toronto March 
the h\ 1771 — 

Mess'^^ Wade & Keiser[s Letter] 
Ansrd. 12'^^ April 
verry fully — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

4 Sir William Johnson Papers 



At a Council held at Fort George the City 
of New York on Monday the fourth day of 
March 1771. 


His E 

xcellency the 



• John Earl 


Dunmore Cap*: Gen^: 








De Lancey 










1 T 

t 1— 't 


The petition of Edward Jessup and Ebenezer Jessup in Behalf 
of themselves and their Associates was presented to the Board 
and read, praying His Excellency's permission to make purchase 
at their own Expence in the usual Form of the Quantity of Forty 
thousand Acres of a certain Tract or parcel of land situate lying 
and being in the County of Albany on the West side of the 
most Northerly Branch of Hudsons River, Beginning about 
five Miles above the upper Patent (on the East side of the said 
Branch) granted to the said Ebenezer Jessup and others: and 
runs up the River from thence about twelve Miles, and back into 
the Woods a considerable distance, or such Quanty as the pur- 
chase will admit of, in order to enable them to obtain his 
Majesty's Letters patent for the Lands comprised therein. 

On reading whereof and the said petition having been referred 
to a Committee and M^ White reporting their Opinion thereon 
that his Excellency might grant the prayer of the said petition. 
It is Ordered by his Excellency with the Advice of the Council 
that the petitioners have Liberty to make such purchase in the 
Manner prescribed by his Majestys proclamation of the 7'^: 
October, 1 763 or that the petitioners procure a Certificate signed 
by Sir William Johnson Baronet [ ] brought down 

before his Excellency for [ ] said Lands are Chiefs 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 5 

of or belonging to [ ] Nation Owners or proprietors 

of the said Lands [ ] that they have Authority from 

such Tribes or [ ] to dispose thereof 

Ex'^. A true Copy Exam^. by 

Gw Banyar D CI Con 


A. L. S. 

New London March 5'K 1771 
Dear Sir 

As soon as I got home I wrote to M^ Fitch to know whether 
he had heard anything from Virginia about Thomas Byrne who 
came from Ireland in the ship King of Prussia, and am Sorry 
to find by his answer (which I inclose that my friend M^ Byrne 
may see I have not been unmindfull of the affair) that he has 
not as soon as M^ Fitches Letter Came to hand believing that 
there was not much dependance to be put on M"^ Griffin I wrote 
to M'' Calvert the mayor of Norfolk and two other Gentlemen 
in Virginia who I flater myself will be able to Give me some 
acco^ of this young man. I wrote likewise to Col° Cole to make 
inquiry of a Gentleman from Virginia now in Newport and if 
I Can hear any thing will advise you by the next Post 

So many People Came to inquire of me about the Lands they 
heard you had advertised in the New York paper, that I 
believed it best to publish that matter in the New London paper, 
and I believe as soon as they think they Can see the land many 
people from these parts will be with you 

two days ago we had a Very great fall of Snow but as it 
Came with a sound North Easter it is Very much Drifted along 
the seashore in case you have the Same Quantity it must make 
Very good slaying. 

I am preparing Every thing to set out Sometime this month 
and that as Early As I Can and hope I Shall find you relieved 
from that very severe pain in your thigh which took of most 

6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of the pleasure I should otherways have had when I was at the 
Hall. I also hope Col° Johnson has got the Better of his 
disorder that he M''* Johnson Sir John Col°. Claus his Lady and 
their Family, are Very well, to whome please to make my best 
Compliments as well as to M"" Byrne M"" Dayly and the Gentle- 
men of Johnstown M''^ Chew and miss Fann present their best 
Complements and Respects to you and I am with my Earnest 
prayers for your health 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obed' & 

most H^^l^ Serv^ 

Jos Chew 
The Honble SiR WiLLlAM JOHNSON Bar' 



[Fort Pitt] March 7"' 177!. 

This Day Mohikin John and Joseph tv/o Stockbridge Indians 
who have resided above a Year amongst the Shawnese and 
Delawares gave me the following Intelligence before M^ 
Croghan & M"". M^^.Kee which they desired might be kept a 
Secret from the Indians otherwise it might Cost them their 

Mohikin John says that during his Stay in the Indian Country 
he was present at all their Councils and that he saw the Belts 
of all Nations that were sent to the Shawnese; That the Six 
Nations since the Treaty of Fort Stanwix told the Shawnese and 
Delawares that they had not sold the Lands on the South Side 
of the Ohio to the English, that the English had forced and 
Stolen them & was encroaching into their Country (the Shawnese 
and Delawares) and therefore desired them to make Peace with 
all the Western Nations as fast as they could and fixed four 
Years for doing it in, and that as soon as that was done they 
would all strike the English at once & drive them out of their 
Country; That the Shawnese and Delawares have been ever 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 7 

since that Treaty employed Negotiating with the Western & 
Southern Indians, and that early in the Fall, the following 
Nations were all of one Mind & determined to strike the English, 
which was agreed on at the Plains of Sciota. 

The Delawares, Shawnese, Hurons, Ottowas, Putiwatimees, 
Chipawas, Twightwees, Wawcoughtenoes, Piankeshaws, 
Kicapoes, & Musquetons, and that when all was thus Settled, 
they said they only waited for the Six Nations to come, who had 
prom[ised ] at the Council, he says their Plan is for all the 
Western Nations & Six Nations, Shawnese and Delawares to 
strike at Fort Chartres, Detroit, Michilimackinac, and this Place ; 
The Cherokees and all other Southern Nations to strike on the 
Frontiers of the Carolina's & Virginia all at the same time; that 
the time was not fixed when he left that Country, as they waited 
for the Six Nation Deputy's who were at the Head of this 
Enterprize and the promoters of it, which said Mohikin John 
says he is Certain of, and further says that the Mohawks is as 
much concerned, as any other Tribe of the Six Nations; On 
M"". Croghan's telling Mohikin John it was very odd that the 
Six Nations and Mohawks in particular shou'd have a Hand 
in such Measures, He answered. We might believe him or not, 
but what he said was true and we would soon find it so, for 
that all the Nations had received Belts from the Spaniards and 
French giving them great Encouragement to prepare and get 
Ready for that they intended to make War this Spring or 
Summer on the English themselves — which the Indians were 
all very glad to hear, and which he said he thought would make 
them strike before the time they had first agreed on, which was 
four Years. M^ Croghan then asked him what the Indians 
meant by coming here and speaking so fair, to which he said 
the Delawares and Shawnese had agreed to speak fair to the 
English, but it was from their Lips only, and not from their 
Hearts ; th'o he says he is sure that the Delawares and Shawnese 
would not Strike but for the Six Nations, nor does he believe 
any of the other Nations would ; And that whether we believed 
him or not, it would not be a great While, till We would find 
his Words come true. 

8 Sir JVilUam Johnson Papers 

He then said it was not for nothing so many Parties of the 
Six Nations went last Fall and this Winter to the Cherokee 
Country that some of them had told the Shawnese that they were 
going against the Cuttabas, and that the English were cross, 
as the Cuttabas Lived amongst them, that they would Strike 
the English likewise, & perhaps you may soon hear of some 
mischief being done that Way 


Intelligence recieved 
from Mohikin John and 
Joseph, two Stockbridge 
Indians. — 


[Fort PitU March 7, 1771] 

After hearing Mohikin Johns Information, M^ Croghan sent 
of to the Shawnese Village at Logs Town for a Chief of that 
Nation, a particular Friend of His v/ho had always given him 
the best Intelligence and had never deceived him, and after 
telling him by the Interpreter that he had heard such and such 
Things (as Mohikin John had inform'd him) and upbraiding 
him for keeping such Measures a Secret from him who had been 
always his particular Friend, the Indian seemed much Confused, 
paus'd a While and then Spoke as follows 

My Friend it is very true what you say, and as you have hear'd 
it, I will tell you all I know, and would have told it you before, 
but I was afraid you would tell it to the White People ; It is true 
we have all agreed last Fall to strike the English, it has been a 
long time in Agitation now Nine Years since We first thought 
of it, about that Time the Six Nations saw the Moravians coming 
to Susquhannah and Building Churches and learning some of 
the People to sing Psalms, which they said was only to steal 
their Lands, and soon after the White People came over the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 9 

Mountains here to Redstone Creek & Cheat River to settle on 
our hunting Country that was the Occasion of our Striking you 
Seven Years ago, but the Six Nations who began first, deceived 
us and made Peace for themselves, the French likewise deceived 
us & the Six Nations both, for they promised to supply us with 
every thing & gave us Nothing, so that We made Peace then, 
and since the Council at Fort Stanwix, the six Nations sent us 
& the Delawares a Hatchet under Ground which [ ] 

in our Town at Scioto; They told us to be strong and 
Cour[ ] with the several Nations towards the Sun- 

setting, and be all of one Mind, and with the Southern Nations, 
and if in four Years time we was all agreed, that then they 
would Join us and drive the English out of the Country Over 
the Great Mountain, for they never had sold the Lands, and 
that the English had forced them out of their Hands and Stolen 
them; last Winter they sent us another Belt telling us that as 
soon as we were all agreed they would send Deputy's to fix 
the time to Strike, for the Southern Indians are to Strike you 
as well as the Six Nations, And us to the Sun Setting; This 
my Brother is all I know, and when the Council which the Six 
Nation Deputy's has now called at Scioto is Over, I will come 
and tell you when you are to be Struck, I love the English and 
wish there was to be no War, and by telling you this I have 
put my Life in your Hands, for if the Indians Knew that I have 
told you they would Kill me. 

Contemporary Copy^ 

[Extract] of a Letter from Captain Edmonstone to General 

Gage — 

Dated Fort Pitt March 9'\ 1771 

A party of Six Nation Indians who had been here some time, 
to whom I behaved with the utmost Civility ; on the 2^. Ins*, took 

^ This and the two preceding documents containing information con- 
cerning an Indian conspiracy, are in the same handwriting. 

10 Sir William Johnson Papers 

their Leave of me, and when at a Small Distance from the Fort, 
met with a Soldier of the Train, who they instantly attacked, 
nearly Cut of his Nose, and entirely Split his upper Lip; on his 
making off, they pursued him, and no doubt would have Killed 
him, had they not been a little in Liquor, so were incapable of 
overtaking him. 

On the 7^: Ins*. Mohikin John, Joseph, two Stockbridge 
Indians who have been amongst the Delawares and Shawnese, 
for more than a Year, Came to me, and gave the Intelligence, 
I herewith Inclose to your Excellency, also another from a 
Shawnese Chief, who M"". Croghan Sent for to Enquire, as he 
could not give Credit to all John had told. 

Those Informations Correspond, and indeed a Confirmation 
of all the former Intelligence forwarded to your Exc^., which 
indicates, that something is in Agitation among the different 
Nations, that Bode no good to His Majesty's Interest. 

For my part, I can assure your Excell*^y. that I have taken all 
the Care I could to please the Indians, and in particular the 
Six Nations, Most of the Party's that comes, bring Pass's and 
other Papers from Sir W'". Johnson; Setting forth, their being 
particular Friends; and their steady Attachment to the English; 
and the Chief [ ] that is made at this Post, is given to 

that ungrateful and perfidious People. 

The Shawnese and Delawares, as I observed in my former 
Letters, appear'd Sulky and disgusted ; Yet have always behaved 
Civil at this Post, and indeed to all the Inhabitants about, the 
difference that happened here, the Summer 1769 and last Year; 
was entirely owing to the Six Nations; And the Quantity of 
Spirituous Liquors, sold them by our Traders. They purchase 
nothing else but Liquors, and when Intoxicated never fail to Insult 
and abuse White Men ; Either Soldiers or Country People, which 
convinces me, they Study Mischief when Sober, and put it in 
Execution when Drunk. 

After the Differences which happened last Summer the Six 
Nations, who live down the River promised to myself and M^ 
Croghan in the Strongest Terms, that their future Conduct would 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 11 

Convince us, of their Inclination to promote Peace and Tran- 
quility ; Yet those very People, with the Party's, which pass from 
the Six Nation Country, have been exceedingly Troublesome: 
They are always as Naked as Beggars to what other Indians 
are, and Constantly applying for different Things, and if refus'd 
get very Angry ; and Contest with me, the Reason why I should 
refuse them any Thing; and have told me, I was Sent here only 
to take Care of them 

I should not have dwelt so long on this disagreable Subject, 
but to give your Excellency a just Account of those People's 
Conduct, along with those two Papers of Intelligence 

I have frequently Spoke to M"": Croghan, on this Subject, of 
the Different Pieces of Intelligence, which We have had, to 
get his Opinion which he has always avoided giving; in par- 
ticular Yesterday, when he told me, he had, and always would 
give me, every Information that came to his Knowledge, for 
the good of his Majesty's Service, but would not give his 
Opinion, as he Knew by Experience, it would not be well taken ; 
That it was both his Duty and Interest to prevent an Indian War, 
if in his Power ; for that he had more property to Loose by one, 
near this Post, than any other private Subject His Majesty had, 
in this Country — 


Extract of a Letter from 

Captain Edmonstone to 

General Gage. 


Fort Pitt March 9'^: 1771 

12 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

DAVID Becker's bill 
D. S. 

The Honr^' Sir William Jonson 

To David Becker D"^ 

May 1 770. To Work done for the Indians p"" his order 

Viz. To Making 18 large hoes @ 8 s 
To Making 7 large axes (a) 8 s 
To Making 6 Axes at 5 s 
To Making 4 Axes (a) 4 s 
To Making a Spaid 9 s 

£12. .15 

4 Small Axes & 2 fish] 
Spears not Charged J 

Errors Excepted p^ Me 

David Becker^ 
March 9^ 1771 
Rec*^. of Sir W Johnson Bar', the above Sum in full' — 


M^ David Becker's Ace*. 
£12. .15..— 
Sir Wilhams 

£12. 15 











^ In same hand as the bill ; evidently not written by Becker. 
^ Receipt in Johnson's hand. 
^ Becker's autograph. 
* In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 13 

A. L. S. 

Newport March 1 U^. 1771 
Dear Sir 

Your Favor of the 27'''. Ult°. came Safe to Hand. Should 
have answered it by Last Post but was out of Town. I came 
Home just time enough to Engage Hunter in the affair and I 
think properly, as he is to Credit a friends Acco*. of mine for 
whatever Expences he may be at in procuring the young man, 
who has a Large Sum of money in his Hunter's Hands, which 
I thought much better then drawing on me as you are Sensible 
nothing Makes the Mare go like the Visibles — I chearfully 
undertook this business and find our Mutuall Friend Sir W™. 
Interests himself in this Matter besides M"". Byrne is a Bro^ 
Commissary of Mine — Should be Extreemly Glad you would 
Let me Know when You purpose to go to the Hall, as I shall 
write by You. — if M^ Hunter finds the young man he Will 
Send [ ] and I shall forward him to the Hall v^th [the] 

utmost Expedition. 

I am with much 

Dear Sir Your 
Most ob'. Hum' Serv*. 

Edw": Cole 
Jos. Chew, Esq^ 


A. L. S. 

Trenton March II^K 1771 

I wrote to you the 9th. Ultimo apologizeing for my long 
silence, since which I have not had the pleasure of hearing from 
you — 

14 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have sent you in a small Box to the care of M^ Weatherhed, 
Merch'. in N. York, a collection of Scions for grafting which 
were cut in good season and if you have proper Stocks doubt 
not but they will succeed — 

In each Bundle of Scions is a Talley stick notch'd, which 
when compared with the Numbers on the inclosed List will shew 
You the different kinds — 

You will be pleased to make my Compliments to M^ Dailey 
and M^ Davis, & to inform M^ Davis that I have engaged a 
Gentleman to procure some Illenois Tobacco seed for him, but 
fear it will not be in my power to forward it very soon — 

I am apprehensive some Person, more curious than my self, 
has robed me of the Elks Horns you was pleased to Compliment 
me with, as I have had no account of them since my return — 
I shall be glad to hear from You, and with great respect, I am, 
Sir, Your most obed*. hum'^ Serv'. 

RoB^. Lettes Hooper, Jun-^ 


Trenton 4der 

The Honorable, 

Sir William Johnson, Baronet 
Johnson Hall 


Trenton March 1]*K 1771 

M^ Hoopers Letter w'^^. 
A Box of Scions. — 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post'War Period, J 763-1 774 15 


Schoneciady, I2^K March 1771 


I have Received Your favor some Time ago, w^ould have 
answerd it Sooner, but the Time I got it I was much Indispos'd, 
having Such Sore Eyes that I was not able to See for upwards of 
Ten days and as Soon as I got a Little better I was Oblig'd to 
go down to New York on Busie of the Kayaderossaros Patent. 
You mention in Your Letter That if I would mention a Day 
that You would Endeavour to be home & have the Indians There 
for which I Return You my Sincere thanks. Should it be 
Agreable to You I would Come up a Monday now next, and 
may I beg the favor of You to have the Indians there. Here 
is Nothing Strange. Co^. Bradstreet* Cause against Harden- 
berg was to be tryd Yesterday & by Mr Cagburn & other 
avadav [ ] it is thought he v/ill Gain it. — 

From Your Most Obedient 

and most Hum[ ] 

John [Glen] 


Sir William Johnson Bar* 


March 12'!^ 1771 

Jn. Glens Esqr^ letter 
Ans-^d the 15'^ In[st] 

In Johnson's hand. 

16 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Detroit I3^K March 1771 
Dear Sir/ 

I am honour'd with your favour of the 12*". Jan^. & am to 
return you thanks for prevailing on the Gen^. to pay my Ace'. 
I did not keep a copy of it, but as I had the Articles from M"^ 
Polloard I suppose he can furnish one which I have wrote to 
him for — 

The Hurons will return from hunting next Month when I 
shall deliver your message, which I am persuaded will make them 
happy — 

As usual at this season of the year reports begin to prevail 
that the Indians intend mischief, & 'tho I don't give any credit 
to it, I shall be as well prepared as possible in so rotten rascally 
a Fort — 

I must again be troublesome to you (but it is entre nous) altho 
I have been so lately, but as it will be doing me a most singular 
favour, I hope you will excuse the liberty I take — the case is I 
have a fine Boy amongst the Senecas & would be glad to get 
him from them, altho it should be attended v^^ith some expence — 
now I should be glad of your advice & assistance in this matter, 
for I cannot think of leaving him amongst them — 

A Batteau will leave this about the middle of April, if any 
thing worth your notice happens in the mean time, it shall be 
communicated — 

My best respects to S^ John & the rest of your family — 
Comp'^ to Cap*. M'^Cleod — I am 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obedient & 
Obliged humble Servant 

Ja^: Stevenson 
S"^. William Johnson Baronet 


Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 17 


Detroit 13'K March 1771 

Cap'. Stevensons Letter 

A. L. S.^ 

Niagara I3^K March 1771 


On Monday last I had the honor of receiveing yours of the 
I St Peb'^y with the Generals Packets for Capt" Stevenson and 
myself by Peter an Indian, who brought the same in very good 
order — Peter and his Comarade Cornelius were Join'd by a 
Cayouga, who brought some Strings of Wampum, from 
Con,na,Wa,gense to Old Soy,e,LOa, of the Ge,ne,se,o Village 
desireing him to return to the Castle to assist with his advice &ca 
in chooseing a Person to replace Old Cas,tesh, or A,gas,ta,ran, 
dead some years ago, — Soy, e, wa, made Answer in my 
presence that he would not go on any such bussiness, and returnd 
the Wampum desireing him to give it back to the Person he got 
it from I understand nothing of this business but thought it 
my duty to inform you of all that I knew of the Matter — 

I think the Indians this way appear well affected, at least I 
can observe nothing to the Contrary from their present 
behaviour — 

I have the honor to be with the utmost respect 

Your most Obedient and 
Most humble Servant 

John Brown 

P. S. I have the honor of enclosing you a Le'' rec^ from Mess" 
Wade & Keiuser 

The Honb'^ 

Sir William Johnson 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

18 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Niagara 13'^. March 1771 

Cap*. Browns letter 

A. L. S. 

New York I4^h March 1771 

Having Read an Advertisement in last Mondays paper 
Desiring Some person of Abilities for Teaching Writing and 
Arithemetick to apply, make bold to trouble you, that as I am 
A Stranger but just Arrived from Dublin would be glad of the 
employment if I Should have the honour of being feavour'd by 
your patronage. And as writing is the worst of my Abilities, 
hope this may Suffise, and if you think a poor Stranger Worthy 
your Care, beg Sir you may Honour me with your proposals 
as Arithmetick and Bookkeeping is my Chiefest Abilities and 
as I can have a good Recommendation. If you Chuse S'! to 
employ me in your Service A line from you with your proposals 
Directed for Samuel Peisley at Mr. John Johnson's Sadler in 
the broadway New York Shall be duly attended to, 

I am Sir with Due 
Deference your 

Obedient Serv* 

Sam^-. Peisley 
addressed : 

Sr. William Johnson Bar*. — 
at Johnson hall Near 

In Johnson's hand. 

Posl-War Period 1763-1774 19 


[ ] 1771 — 

M^ Sam' Peisly's letter 
Schoolmaster — 


A. Df. 

[March 15, 1771Y 

Having upon a late Enquiry found that most part of the Land 
which is to be sold by M^ Moore [for M''. Lane] is but verry 
Indifferent, I am now quite so, as to the purchase of it except Lot 
44 w^, as it Joins my Land, I hope you will be able to Secure 
for me: Some of the Patentees of Sacondaga now offer to Sell 
their Shares, (which are realy much better in quality & Situation 
than M^ Lanes) [for a dollar '^ Acre] verry cheap, besides 
there is one Lot of his, N°. 58 out of the bounds of the Patent, 
for w'^, I cant see how He can give a Warrantee. I imagine 
there will be few or no Bidders for y*. Land from the Scarcity 
of Money ^'^^., So that I am of opinion that it v>^ill go for a lower 
price than M^ Moore Expects. In that case I would have you 
bid for the whole, that is all M^ Lanes Right & Title to, or in 
that Patent, (as there is a Small peice yet unsettled & to be 
divided amongst the whole w*^. I would willingly have included 
with y^. Six Lots, & for w''. I will give the £500 in y^ hands, 
or Something more. Should that be offered for it that is by any 
other person. 


Letter to M*: Wallace 
to go by the next Post viz*. 
March 15'h. 1771 — 
w*^. Sundry Alterations 

^ Date supplied from Johnson Calendar. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

20 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York March the 1 5^'\ 177/ 

These few lines is to your honour to inform you that as you 
have Advtis'd for a schoolmaster I hope that I shall have the 
Honour to Serve you in the Same as I have Teach'd these two 
years in the Province of Pennsylvania and Can have a good 
Recommendation so that I Can teach reading writing and 
arithmetick and several other Branches but none of the Languages 
three years from Ireland Aged twenty five years therefore I 
hope that you will favour me with yours 

I am 

My lord 
your most 

Humble Serv'. RoBERT Davis 

Direct j'^our Answer if any to M^ Hugh Gayne printer in 
New york. 


D. S. 

Schoharre March 1 5^K 1771 

ITo] the Honourable Sir William Jonson Knight & Bart & 
Superintendant of the Indian affairs in America &ca 

The Humble Petition of us the Subscribing Indians being part 
Owners of a Tract of Low Land Situate in Schoharre Humbly 
Sheweth That Your Petitionrs having heard that Some part of 
our fellow Indians have Sold all our Lands in Schoharre without 
our Consent, or Knowledge, to the Vrowmans We therefore 
Pray that our part of Said Tract may not be Made over to any 
person without our Consent, as We look on our Selves to be 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 


Propriators of Said Tract in Common with the Indians that have 
sold Said Lands, the Sale of Which We do disapprove of. 
Your Honour's Noticing our Petition will be greatfully 
Acknowledged, by Your Honour's Dutiful and Sincere Friends 














Hansyeurry his 






X ■ 












































Peter Smart + 































22 Sir William Johnson Papers 






















Petition from the 
Indians of Schohare 
June22d 1771 reed, 
it from the Mohawks 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

On the back of the manuscript is written in Johnson's hand the follow- 
"abt ye Schohare [ ] 

abt ye Lands to [ ] 

abt ye French Men [ ] 

all Duty, 
abt ye Schohare Inds La [nds which] 
I promised to give them [ ] 

as Soon as I have leisure 
June 22d 1771 — " 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 23 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady 16^^, 
March 1 77 1 
[HonouJred Sir 

This to acquaint you that we had a Meeting Yesterday Con- 
cerning our Pattent, for an Alottment M^ Vrooman had Layd 
is out in 500 Ackers, so that I woud be Glad that your Honour 
whoud Let me know Your Sentiment about it, as I had it Pro- 
long'd untill wensday Next 

Here is one Waldrum Blaw sent up from New York to act 
for them there, but Contrary as we think, as Coll" John Glen will 
Inform you Monday Next, as I Refere him to You 

And if your Honour Shou'd Incline to have your 5000 Ackers 
to Joine Your Line, as I have Allready Started the Question, I 
Did not hare many Objections 

Abraham Fonda is Verry uneasy, as his name is not in the 
Pattent, who is a man to push Things forward and has pay'd 
his Devedent every time, I think he is not res'd well 

I am Sir Your most 

Obedient & Verry 
Humble Serv* 

Jno B V Eps 
P. S. M^ Glen will acquaint 
You how M"". Duncan has 
Mannegd with the forty 
Dollers Due to Joseph 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 



The Honrb'. 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

Johnson Hall 

24 Sir William Johnson Papers 


March ]6'M771 — 

M^ Van Ep's Letter 


Johnson hall March 16^K 1771. 
Dear Moncrieffe 

Yours of this Day Month was dehvered to me by M"" Duffield, 
who appears to me to be a very Worthy Young Gentleman, and 
I have during two Visits he made me shewed him all the Civilities. 
I do assure you I am much obliged to the Occasion that has 
produced a Letter from you after a long Silence on both Sides — 
Indeed different Avocations must be our mutual Apology, for I 
know your Sincerity and Shall allways retain the Strongest esteem 
for you, and whilst I truly believe & thank you for your good 
Wishes, I can Safely Assure you that they are reciprocal. — 

With regard to my Son, As the Yankees say Why he did not 
feel bold enough to encounter such Roads & bad Weather as 
we have had for the greatest part of the Winter, during which 
there was little or no Sledding and indeed from your representa- 
tion for which the Ladies are much obliged to you, a man must 
be possessed of not a little temerity to Venture his heart amongst 
such a Lovely Groupe as it would be difficult to fix an Affection 
where there are so many rival beauties, and dangerous to with- 
stand them all. — 

Your description does them Justice and I dare say no more, I 
own that was I able to shake a Leg as formerly, you have 
Expressed yourself so feelingly that I might be tempted, at least 
to feast my Eyes with So lovely a Sight — Sir John is however 

In Johnson's hand. 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 25 

much obliged to you for that part of your Letter, and will prob- 
ably say more to you upon it in a little time, and I am very 
sensible (Jesting apart) of the Friendly Motives which induced 
you to recommend that Subject to his attention. — I fancy that 
we may have a War if our Enemys are ready, perhaps not 
otherwise. If it takes place they will doubtless try to favor us 
with a Visit in some part of America. 

Be assured D"^ Moncrieffe of my Constant regards, that I 
shall at all times be glad to hear of your happiness & being with 
great truth 

Your Friend & Serv*. 
[ ] John, Guy &c 

[ ] to be kindly remembered. 


Johnson hall March 1 6ih 1771. 


I am just favored with your Letter of the 5*^ Ult° and am 
heartily sorry that it is not at pres* in my power to afford you any 
Satisfaction on the Subject of your enquiry concerning the meet- 
ing of Commissioners for regulating the Trade with the Indians 
not havs as yet heard that any other Colony, besides Virg* & 
N York have Come to any determined resolutions thereon, I 
have reason to apprehend that the Idea of the Expence that may 
attend the necessary Establishments for that purpose, and the 
difficulty of agreeing upon their proportions of the Charge may 
Create delays in this most necessary business — I have men- 
tioned the matter by this opportunity to Lord Dunmore and 
whenever it is in my power I shall gladly Communicate what you 
require. I hear it is under Consideration in Pennsylvania, but 
as yet know nothing of their resolutions, nor of the Intentions of 
the Gov^ of Quebec — 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

26 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 

D"" Walker who attended as a Commissioner from y"^ Province 
at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix Carried with him a Copy of some 
parts of the Treaty; as the whole is very Long, and contains a 
variety of Matters. I shall transmit you a Copy of that part 
regarding the boundy Line & Deed of Cession which I apprehend 
wall Sufficiently Answer your desires — 

I am 
Sir, &c 
The Honble 

W^^. Nelson Esq^ Presid'. 
of Virginia 


A. L. S. 

Philadelphia 16th March 1771 

I ] 

Encouraged by your Advertisement in the New York 

[ ] of the 1*' Ins') for a person qualified to Teach, 

Reading, [Writ]ing & Arithmetic; I presume to make you a 
Tendre [of my] Services. My Abilities in the Scholastic Way 
can [be] certified by several who keep Academies in this place 
[who] may be supposed unprejudiced in favor of a person who 
means to interfere with their proffession. As to my Moral 
Character I shall refer to Merchants of Eminence here, & at 
[New] York, to whom I have been recomended in the warmest 
Manner by their respective correspondents at home — And if 
being unfortunate may argue in my favor with [S""] W"^ Johnson 
(which his Character speaks it will) I have surely a claim to his 
patronage & protection. Born of parents of high Estimation in 
Ireland, properly Educated & Fifteen years engaged in Trade & 
Manufactures, which I had studied, in Holland, Sweden & 
France, I became a Shipwreck after all, lossing a Considerable 
fortune at one Stroke. This induced me to make a Tryal of this 
Country (having first settled with my Creditors, who are my 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 27 

principal recomenders here) leaving my Wife in Dublin with her 
Relations; Since my arrival I have barely subsisted on a Clerk- 
ship, which being precarious bread, I would wish to have a 
settled place of abode & nowhere sooner than under the wing 
of S^ W"*. & that on his own Terms, for indeed my expectations 
are not Sanguine, I desire little more than the necessarys of Life ; 
And if you please to command me I shall attend your orders 
on receit of them & go to your Town [ ] 

Your most [ ] 

Thomas [Erving] 

If I am so happy as to deserve an Answ"" 
a letter directed at M^ Edw"^. Batchelors will 
come to hand — 


Johnson hall March 16th 1771 

I am favored with your Letter by M^ Harper whom I thank 
you for introducing to me, he seems to Like the Country and I 
have conferred with him on the Subject of Lands, In which I 
shall be glad to Assist him if possible in the manner most agre- 
able to his Wishes. — At the same time I received your Letter 
by your brother Carpenter together with one from your Father, 
which from my Esteem for your family filled me with concern 
as I am very Sensible how much such a Step as you apprehend 
he is about to take must affect you all, as besides its imprudence 
in other respects the Age of the Woman makes it in Some 
measure an unreasonable or unnatural Affection, which would 
not be productive of any permanent Satisfaction to himself tho 
it must Cause great Affliction to his worthy father, & tender 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

28 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Connections. As he appears to me to be an agreable and 
Sensible young Gentleman I am still in hopes that distance of 
place & other avocations and Amusements may afford him an 
opportunity of withdrawing Affections that appear to be 
unworthily placed, and to accomplish this I have omitted nothing 
in my power, referring you for some particulars to the Letter I 
herein inclose to your father. 

I thank you for the particulars you gave me of the proceeding 
with the Assembly In Consequence of the Gov" message, What 
the Gov^ require, is. That the Colonies will determine on Regu- 
lations for the Indian Trade, & make the necessary Appoint- 
ments for that particular part of Ind" Affairs, that the Crown 
may be eased of the Expence which has long attended it. 

Your Brother seems bent on returning home much Sooner than 
I expected or wished for, alledging that he Expects a large 
Cargo of Goods from England. I heartily wish that he may 
not return with the same inclinations, and that you may soon 
have Agreable News from y'' brother Sam', being with great 

Sir &c 
M^ Thomas Wharton 


Johnson hall March /6th 1771 
My Lord 

I beg to offer my best Acknowledgments for the Polite Letter 
with which you honored me in Answer to my first, and to 
Acquaint your Lordship that your last of the 26th February did 
not thro' some negligence or delay come to my hands till Yester- 
day, so that I have not time by this opportunity to over look and 
Select the sev'. regulations &c that may be necessary for your 
Lordships Inspection concerning the Indian Trade. — 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 29 

On this Subject I formerly wrote to Sir Heny Moore and 
Transmitted him a State of these matters, but least it may not 
be found in the Secy^ Office I shall again revise the necessary 
papers in obedience to your Lordships desire. In the mean time 
I beg leave to acquaint you that I have Just received a Letter 
from M'' Nelson Presid'. of Virginia on the Subject of the pro- 
posed Congress of Commiss". from the sev'. Colonies for regu- 
lating the Ind". Trade, wherein after mentioning that those of 
that Colony had waited at N York for some time to no purpose 
he desires to know of me when and where they are to meet, to 
which it is not in my power to give him a Satisfactory Answer. — 

It is also my duty to observe to your Lordship that the Affairs 
of Trade, which from the weight of the Expence has been 
seperated from the Indian Department and referred to the 
Colonies has probably been delayed hitherto by some of them 
from a knowledge of the Charge that must attend the Sev'. 
Establishments of Commisaries, Interpreters, Smiths &c at the 
Outposts, without whom it is to little purpose to do any thing in 
the matter, and as such establishments must be attended with a 
greater charge than the Colonies have been accustomed to, I am 
apprehensive it will not be easy to Effect a Union of Sentiments, 
or an agreement about their respective proportions of the 
Expence. — It was Judged best. That each Colony concerned 
in the Ind". Trade should take the Charge of it at Certain posts 
most Convenient, of which Niagara & I think Detroit fell to 
N York. I made formerly regulations for the barter of Com- 
odoties at these posts but the times & price are Changed, so 
that such Regulations can only answer as to the form. It was 
likewise proposed to lay a duty upon Rum, & to prevent its going 
beyond a Certain post In favor of which I could say much, but 
whilst the people of Quebec Government, from their superior 
[ ] Influence with the Ind^ would approve of this, it 

would [ ] profits of many in this Province whose great 

dependance [ ] that pernicious Liquor wch is the Cause 

of many Murders & disputes besides we find that the other 
Commis" [ ] even attend, and perhaps they may still 

30 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Neglect to do so, however [ ] transmit your Lordship 

a Copy of my Regulations for the posts I mentioned, and of the 
Gen^ Orders to & duty of the Commisarys & [if any] thing 
farther should Occurr, that may appear necessary I shall take 
the Liberty to Suggest it, with the hopes that this important busi- 
ness may at last be carried in Execution. — • 

The Speech from the Oneidas has been occasioned thro the 
Mistake, or Ignorance of a N England Missionary there ; — I 
have Signified by his Majestys orders to them and to all the 
Indians, That that part of the Affairs of the Ind", Department 
wch regarded Trade was referred to the Colonies who I per- 
suaded myself would as soon as possible concert measures for 
their regulation, and make such Appointments as were Necessary 
at the posts of Trade of these as I before observed a BlackSmith 
was one, but such were intended only for the Posts & as it is 
impossible to provide all their Villages with such so it is not con- 
venient to Gratify one in particular because it would give 
umbrage to the rest. The Missionary mistaking this matter, 
Instead of laying it before me, as he ought to have done, has 
Conceived that It became a Provincial Concern to Supply the 
Ind". Villages & therefore gave you the Trouble of that 
Speech, in which I should add there are some untruths & the 
Representation of their distress in coming down to have their 
tools mended is an Idle tale as it is notorious that That Tribe in 
particular are in great numbers to & fro here under various pre- 
tences to get provisions &c, and that they think it nothing to go 
more than 80 miles (wch is the real distance) on more trifling 
occasions. If your Lordship inclines to say anything to them 
upon the occasion I Shall Cause it to be faithfully delivered. 

I cannot but regret that we are so shortly to Lose y"" Lordship 
whose aimable Character Gave us every thing to hope for, but I 
must be Silent when I reflect that you go to Receive a more 
distinguish^ Mark of his Majesty's favor by a promotion to 
the first American Government. 

I am with much respect 
My Lord &c 
The R Honble the Earl of Dunmore 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 31 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 17'^' March 1771 
Dear Sir: 

Your Agreeable favour of the 1 1 '^ Instant have only received 
this morning. M^ Davis I think Owes me about £50 — & as 
you Justly Observe he Seems to be in a verry unsettled Situa- 
tion — I shall readily join you in any way which you think best 
to put him in a Way to recover himself — 

I propose Seting out for New York in the first Sloop, & should 
you have any commands that Way nothing would give me more 
pleasure then to have it in my power to do you any Service. I 
shall make but a short stay there — 

M""^ Campbell desires me to make her respectfull Compliments 
I am 


with Great Sincerity your most Obe^ humble Sev' 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


A. L. S. 

New York 

March y^ I8^K 1771 — 

I presume to address you on reading your advertisement in last 
Mondays Paper which advises me to make application to you, in 
order to take care of a School that is vacant in your Neighbour- 
hood. As to any recommendation you may desire for my honesty 
and sobriety it may be obtained, by your Corrispondant's here 
applying to D"" Sam' Clossy, Professer of Anatomy at Kings 
College, who was intimately acquainted with my Family and 

32 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Friends in England. — I flatter myself you may remember to 
have heard of my Father Pheasant Blackler late Barrack-Master 
of Athlone District. As I had the happiness of a liberal Educa- 
tion, I make no doubt I have Sufficient knowledge to teach 
Reading, Writing (after the shortest and best Method) and 
Arithmetic, my Circumstances at present are but low, as I am 
but just come from S^ Augustine where I have sufferd much by 
Sickness having lost my Wife, and was myself confined near 
Six Months to my Bed, I came there (with many more) 
from London with Dennis Rolle Esq*^ Member for Barnstable 
who I may safely say trapan'd me from my own native home 
where I had [ 

to feel the severe want of Health [ 
in a Barren Country, if you should [ 
Encourage me a Line directed to me at [ 
Leroy's Hatter in Dock Street near the [ 
shall immediately be attended to — 

As I am not much in debt should be glad to discharge what 
little I owe before I leave Town — 

I am Sir with respect 

Your Most Obed* 

Humb' Servant 

John Blackler 

Gratitude ought ever to be paid where due^ 


Johnson Hall March 1 &K 1771. 
Good Sir, 

Your Son together with M"^ Harper arrived here a few days 
ago at which time I was favored with your letter of the 10'^. of 

Evidently intended as a specimen of the writer's best penmanship. 
In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 33 

last Month. — From the regard I really bear to you & your 
family, it gave me great Concern to hear that your Son Carpenter 
who in all other respects appears to be a Sensible Wellbrecl 
Young Gentleman should entertain Sentiments or Affections so 
unworthy of himself, and so painful to his family, and from the 
fruition of which thro' the great Disparity of Years & Circum- 
stances of the Woman he can expect nothing but repentance. — 
Believe me I feel Sensibly for you on this trying Occasion, and 
as I am in hopes that reflection & Absence may produce a 
Change in his Mind, So I would most willingly Contribute to 
effect it by any Means in my power, to this end I took him out 
to a Seat of mine Some Miles from hence, and at our return 
proposed a Second Tour to him farther up the Country, and 
on hearing that he had resolved to leave this & return home in a 
day or two I urged his Stay for Sometime with me which he 
excuses himself from Complying with Alledging that he daily 
expects a Vessel at Philadelphia with goods Consigned to him 
or to that effect. Finding this (as you seem'd to desire it, & 
thro my regard to the family) I took him aside and hinted the 
matter to him, on wch occasion I set forth all the Inconveniences 
attending it, with my Wishes that he might Subdue a passion 
wch could not fail of giving pain to his friends, he seemed fully 
persuaded of my good intentions in giving him this advice but 
assured me that matters had gone so far, that he could not con- 
sistent with any principle recede. That the woman was but 2 
years older than himself & of a good family, &c It is therefore 
with concern I express my fear that his engagement & Inclina- 
tions are so strong as not to be Withdrawn. In wch case I can 
only Wish That his future Conduct may be more agreable, and 
tend to efFace the Memory of a Circumstance wch now gives you 
so much Concern. 

Be assured I omitted nothing that I co^. consistently urge upon 
this occasion, from the good Wishes I bear your family & the 
regard with wch I am &c 

Josp". Wharton 



34 Sir William Johnson Papers 


March 16'H 771 — 

To M"^ Josp^. Wharton Sen^ 

A. L. S. 

Siockbridge 18"^ of March 1771 
Sir William 

I Rec^. your Letter Dated y® 1*' day of Nov'' Last, on the 
8''^ Day of the Same month. Imediately wrote an answer 
wherein I Inform*^ you that on the 8'^ of October Last I & my 
Partners Met at this Town Prepared to proceed and allot out 
the Land Agreed for & Compleat the Bargain — but not having 
Received any Inteligence That you had Obtained your Patent 
the Major Part was much Discouraged Concluded not to Pro- 
ceed Untill they Had Certain Inteligence That the Patent was 
Obtained — They Returned to their Respective Homes Tho 
Many of them Live a Hundred miles from this Town — That 
I would Imediately Send To them & have another Meeting 
[ ] ait on your Self Compleat the Bargain &c — I accord- 

ingly [ ] Wrote to My Partners but Rec^. no Answer before 

I [Rec]'^. your Last Letter which was on the 2^. Day of this 
Ins[tant.] Since Then we have had a Meeting Tho many Did 
not Attend As To Those that Did Some are Much Discouraged 
by Reason That a War is generally Expected very soon — And 
will not venture to move their Families Into that Country — 
Three of the men that went with me to veiw & Survey the Land 
Tho' a Year Since They Sold their Interest Here In order to 
Settle on your Land, have now Purchased in these Parts — 
upon the Whole Altho I cant Reasonably Desire you Should 
wait any Longer if it be to your Damage, yet if I Can git a 
Few new Partners & you Dont Part with the Land before the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 35 

Last of Next Month I am Determined to Wait on you Then & 
Compleat the Bargain or make a new one 

I am Dear Sir WilHam 

Your Most Obhged & very H^^« Serv' 

Sam Brown Jun"^ 
Sir William Johnson Baronett 

P. S. My former Letter I D<^ — To a Person who Engaged 
to D*^ — the Same to M^ V^Schaak the Next Day but am 
since informed by M"". V Schaack he never rec'^ the same 


A. L. S.i 

New york March I8^K- 1771. 
Dear Sir, 

I have a Letter of your's lying by me dated 31*' of Jan'^y and 
expected long e'er now, to have been able to give you some 
Satisfactory Account respecting the Difference With Spain : But 
I am at this Moment as ignorant with respect to any Certainty 
of Peace or War between us and the Spaniards, as yourself, at 
the time you wrote your Letter. All I can Say is that we follow 
the old Maxim to Maintain Peace; for we are arming Whilst 
we Negotiate; and that there were Hopes of an Accomodation. 
It is not surprizing the Indians should believe the War com- 
menced for Many of our own People have believed the Same, 
and Accounts Swell to a great Size before they reach the Indians. 
A French-Man carried like Reports to the Ilinois the latter end 
of October who must have left New-Orleans in August, and they 
have Spread as far as Fort-Pitt. 

The inclosed Letters from M^ Croghan and Captain Edmon- 
stone will inform you of the Transactions to the Westward, and 
give you Some Account of Thomas King. You will devine 

^ In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

36 Sir William Johnson Papers 

better than I can, what all these Mouvements may prognosticate. 
The Councils May have arisen from the News of War they 
have received from the Ilinois, where the French-Man reported 
it as certain, and gave out that the Ministers of England France 
and Spain were recalled to their respective Courts. 
I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 
P: S: 

Since v<^riting, a Ship from 
South Carolina has brought me 
a Letter from M"". Stuart, from which 
I transmit you an Extract, that shews the 

Shawnese are indefatigable in their Endeavors to form a Power- 
full Confederacy, 
T: G: 

S«: W^': Johnson Bar*: 


N York, March 18^^ 1771 

Genr'. Gages letter 

Johnson hall March 22^. 1771 — 
My Lord, 

I had the honor to write your Lordship by last post in answer 
to your Letter concerning the Regulation of the Trade with the 
Indians, Agreable to which I herewith inclose you Copies of 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

- In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 37 

my Regulations for the Exchange of Commodities at Niagara & 
Detroit, made on the Spot in 1 76 1 . I sho*^. Observe that the 
Value of Goods is fallen since that period, and of Course the 
Tariff of Exchange should be adapted to the present times. 

I also inclose a Copy of the last Genl Rules regarding the 
Trade in 1 767, as most of those issued before depended on par- 
ticular events. I therefore presume that the papers I now^ Trans- 
mit w^ill Suffice to give a good general Idea of the Rules that 
are best to be adopted for the Regulation of Trade. The prin- 
cipal objects of wch w^ere to do the Indians strict Justice to punish 
Delinquents, and to restrain the Self Interested from rambling 
into the Ind". Country at a Vast dist" from posts or Settlements 
in the quest of extravagant profits, in wch pursuit they often 
exposed themselves to Robberies & Murders & thereby involved 
in publick Quarrels thro' their private Misconduct. The par- 
ticulars whereof are well known to many. 

I have only to add that at each post of Trade a Comissy of 
good Character with an allow"^^. (proportioned to the business of 
the Post) from £ 1 20 to £ 200 Ster ^ Ann. was Established 
having under him a good Interpreter, & a BlackSmith who was 
to work for the Ind^ alone Gratis, which sev' persons I wish 
to be [ ] disingaged from any concerns in Comerce. 

And that an Establishment on these principles or Similar thereto 
is the only one in my Judgment that can produce the advantages 
we Expect to derive from the Regulation of Trade. — 

I have the Honor to be &c 

The R' Honb'- 

The Earl of Dunmore. 


March 22^. 1771 — 

To the Earl of Dunmore 
with Copies of the Regulations 
for Trade &c 

38 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall March 22^. 1771. 
Dear Sir, 

Having wrote you last post I have only at present to remind 
you of an Application intended by Major Fonda for Lands 
sometime ago, on which subject he formerly Spoke to you, he 
intends by this opportunity to write you and to send down a 
description of 3 Tracts for himself & his friends to be petif^. for 
on which subject he is desirous of sollicitting your friendship, 
and of obtaining a few lines thereon from me to Strengthen his 
request. — One of these Tracts he particularly spoke to you upon 
when you was last here so that youll recollect it imediately, the 
others are to the Northward. — I know that I need not to say 
more upon it as I believe you have been kind enough to express a 
desire to oblige him in that way. — 

I am Just Sending off Copies of some of my Regulations for 
Trade to Lord Dunmore, as he is Shortly to leave us I am glad 
to hear he is to be Succeeded by a Gentleman of a Good 

Character. I am desirous to know when he is to Leave 

the Government, and for the pres'. conclude with my kind 
Compliments to M". Wallace Dear Sir 

Yours &c 
Coll. Johnson desires 
I may tranmit his 
Compliments. — 
& I do the same for the rest 
of the family. 

Honble H. Wallace Esqr 


March 22< 1771. 

To the Honble H Wallace 

Esq^ — 

concerns Maj^ Fondas Affair. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 39 


Albany 25*K March 1771 — 


I am favoured with yours of the 22*^. Ins*, and beg leave to 
acquaint you that I Shall Send the Iron you write for to the Care 
of M"^ V Eps by the first Opportunity as also a Screw Plate if 
any to be had in Town if not I shall send for one to New York 
I am much oblidged to you for your kind Intelligence about 
my Brothers Welfare I am 


Your Most Obed*. 
& Most oblidged Humb'^. 

John Stevenson 


A. L. S. 

N York March 25'^ 1771 — 

Major Gorham has sent me a Bill on you for his pay as 
Deputy Agent from the 23^ of March 70 to the 23^ of March 
71. I thought it necessary to Acquaint you of this Circumstance 
that you might Include it in your Accounts — and give orders 
for payment at your Conveniency — the Sum is Two hundred 
pounds Sterling — By a letter I received lately from England, 
there Seems to be no Certainty of a war M"" Lyme desires me to 
Convey his respectfull Compliments and offers of Services to 
you — with much respect I remain Sir 

Your most Obed' and very 

Humble Serv* 

W M^Adam 

40 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5.1 

A^eu; York March 25^^ jyjf 

Sir We Seeing an Avederistiment in M"" Gains Newespaper 
of Sum Lands to be Let Out By you We Cam To a Determina- 
tion To Aquent you Sir that the Smalles Eencouragment from 
your honour Would Bring Us and Our famleys Ounder your 
protaction we Be Both Treadsmen and has Wrought in this City 
Since the Conclushon of the Leat Ware We Are Both Lether 
Breeches Mackers Can Dress Lether Aney Maner that Sutes 
Mackes Gloves In the Bes Manor and hering Sir that ther is 
None of Our tread Settled With you We Should be Glad for 
Embrace the Opertunitey We Can have the Best of Recom- 
mandations I Dar Say from the Severil pepol That We have 
Wrought for and as We are hard Working for and as We are 
hard Working Pepol and Daleye Working for Our Bread We 
are In hopes to Meet With Sum Encouragment from you Sir 
But My partner Desiers that if your Honour pleases for to 
grant Us on 100 Ackeres of Land Be twixt us as we are But 
Strangers to that Part of Busness But as Neer to your Seat as 
Is Conveainent So Sir in hopes that you Will Pardon the freedom 
that we have tacken We 

Subscribe Our Selves your honours humble 

Serves Whilst Walter Morris 
& William Bevan 

P. S. If maney Farmes that is Small with a house Situeaited 
Upon it We Would Sowner Rent it By reson that We Would 
Doe as much at Our tread as posable We Being United in the 
Bonds of Frendship I Belonging to ye Orange Lodge N° 257 
upon y^ regestrey of Irland Bevan Belonging to N° 1 5 of the 
Regestrey of Canada 

Letter in Morris' hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 41 

Formerly held at Niagara Belonging to his [ ] 

80'h Reg* of Foot So Sir Nothing Changes Us for 
[ ] So Sir if you place to inform Us if [ ] 

Sute you for to Let us Becom Settlers With you [ ] 

That you will order a Line or tow Directed Viz To William 
Bevan Breeches Macker Neer y^ New Citty hall N"^ York Or 
Walter Morris at Char[ ] Meal's Breeches Macker 

BroadWay Neer the [ ] Markit So with the greatest 

respct we remin y"^^ 

as Before 

A. L. S. 

Philad-. 25^K March 1771 — 
[ ] 

I am induced to trouble you at this time on account of a late 
unhapy affair that hapen'd in this City which is no less than a 
murder Commited by John Kain the blind harper on a boy about 
fourteen years old, and as this fellow gives out that he is a servant 
of yours & has made use of your name on former Occasions, I 
have thought it necessy to let you know that in case he gets over 
this affair you may fall upon some meathod to send him back to 
Irland, where I understand he would be fond of going, which 
Cannot be Accomplished without your Consent and a little 
assistance I shall Endeavour if agreeable to you, to procure him 
a passage, but no mast^ of a Vessel will Chuse to take him unless 
he has a discharge from you as he says you have an Indenture 
on him, and I am of opinion this would be the best meathod you 
Could fall upon to get rid of so troublesome a fellow, for you 
may Exspect him to pay you a Visit if he gets Clear of this 
affair which I have some reason to think he will, and I am well 
satisfied it would not be agreeable to you to have so troublesome 
a fellow about you, he has made free with me on former 
Occasions and I reliev'd him late in Elizabeth Town in the 

42 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Jerseys where I hapend to be for a few days, he has wrote me 
a letf since his Confinement in which he says if agreeable to 
you & that he gets over this affair he'l go to Irland provided 
he Can get a passage, if you think this unhapy fellow worthy 
your notice & that you see fit to have shiped off if I Can render 
you any service therein you may freely Command me being with 
great truth 

Dear Sir 

Your much oblig'd 

& most Obed^ Hble Servant 

Fran^ Wade 

P. S. If any Late Accounts from broth^ Ferrall should take 
it as a great fav"^ you would be so kind as to favour me with 


A. L. S. 

New London 26'^ March 1771 
[ ] 

Your Letter of the 22^^ of Feb'^y only Came by the last post 
as Soon as I Rec'^ it I wrote to Saybrook the Town where the 
Large oats are raised and Engaged all I Could and hope to be 
able to make up the hundred Busshells w^^^. M"" M^Curdy (a 
Gentleman M"" Adams knows) of Lyme near Saybrook ferry 
has undertaken to Collect and Ship to New York — they are 
Very fine and if we Can get them Clear of any Mixture I am 
Sure will please you tho' the price is pretty Smart 2/ L Money 
besides Carts & freight to N. York I Saw some weighed there 
was 1 2'^ diference between a Busshell of Them and the Common 
Oats — the moment the roads Can be travelled which were Never 
so bad in this Country as at present I Shall Set out for the Hall 
and will be in time to make a Little Garden — am Very Glad 
to hear that you had Such good Sport at Johnstown the 14''^. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 43 

of Feb''y — be pleased to^ if his namesake is in Virginia we 
Shall [ ] find him he will See by the inclosed [ ] 

what Pleasure Col Cole takes in Ass[isting me] in this matter 
I Shall send you and my friends at the River a fine assortment 
of see[ds] by a Vessell tomorrow for N York have also put 
up for you and my Self some Very fine Young trees by the time 
or before they Can be with you I hope to pay my Respects in 
Person — M""* Chew begs her best Compliments our most 
Earnest Prayers are offerd Every day for your health and 
Happiness and I am most Dutifully 


Your most Obed'. & 
Most Hble Serv' 

Jos Chew 

The Honble S-" WiLLIAM JOHNSON Bar 

A. L. S. 

Albany 26^^: March 1771 


Inclosed is the Account of the Iron [I] ordered to be Sent to 
the Care of M"^ V Eps at Schenectady, it is of the best Sort, hope 
it may be to your liking. 

I Cannot find a Screw Plate in Town of the Size you mention 
I have sent for one to New York as soon as it comes up I shall 
forward it to you I am 


Your Most Obed' 
& Most Obliged 
Humble Serv* 

John Stevenson 

^ Evidently an omission in the manuscript here. 

44 Sir William Johnson Papers 



M' John Witherhead 

Bo', of Peter Stoutenburgh 
March 26. . .20 barrels pork (a) 85/ £85. .0. .0 

D. 5.1 

[March 27, 1771]' 

Receivd in good order and Well conditiond on board my 
Sloop — Twenty Barrels Pork two Hhds Rum one Barrel! 
Vinaiger Three Small Boxes directed, Sixteen Bales twenty Six 
Boxes marked SWI one Cask tv/o Keggs forty Six Barreils 
Gunpowder marked with the Same Mark, three Casks Nails 
directed, all which I promise to deliver in like good order and 
Condition unto the Honorable Sir William Johnson Barronet 
at Johnson Hall or to his Agent M"" John Van Eps merchant in 
Schenectady as witness my Hand this 27 Day of March 1771 
I do hereby likewise promise to charge the Freight of those Goods 
to Sir William Johnson's Satisfaction 

William Pemberton 


In the Johnson Calendar, page 482, is listed a letter written at Johnson 
Hall March 27, 1771, by Sir William Johnson to Rev. Charles Inglis 
on the unwillingness of English churchmen to promote the growth of their 
church in the colonies, reasons for extending its work among the Indians and 
the desire of German Lutherans at Stoneraby to enter its communion. 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:441-44; Q, 4:276-77.) 

In John Wetherhead's hand. 

Date supplied from Johnson Calendar. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 45 


A. L. S. 

New — York I 
March 28, 1771 \ 

The Box I nov/ send you contains your Leases and Knox s 
Campaigns in North America, which compleats every Thing you 
ordered from me, not already sent you 

M"" Duane altered your Lease much and examined the same 
carefully, for which he charged £3:4:0, which I shall pay him 
Hoping you'll receive the Box in good Order, I am Sir 

Your obliged humble Servant 

Hugh Gaine 

to thomas gage 

Johnson hall March 28'^ 177/ — 
Dear Sir 

I have received your favor of the 18'^. of this I^st w'''\ the 
Inclosures from which I am concerned to find that the reports 
amongst the Indians are Universal, and that we have Enemies 
as I allways observed, who take much pains to disturb their 
minds, for really the report of a War has a surprising effect upon 
them, and they have been constantly prepared for that period, 
as a time when they shall be restored to their former Consequence 
& Independance of us,— y as it is the Interest of our Enemies to 
Create a diversion in their favor, and as they are much more 
attentive to these points as well as more Active than we are in 
matters of negociation. It is no wonder that they should however 
distant the prospect endeavor to keep up such a Spirit amongst 
the Indians with whom they have any Intercourse as might become 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson; missing sections supplied from manu- 
script letter dated March 29th in William L. Clements Library, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

46 Sir William Johnson Papers 

advantagious to them in case of a Rupture, neither wo"^ it Sur- 
prise me Should other Nations be tainted & withdrawn from us 
thro' the Influence of the rest, as their expectations from us have 
not been and cannot be answered, whilst our growing power 
adds fuel to their resentment and Jealousy, — Under such Cir- 
cumstances I am of Opinion that after due provision made against 
any sudden attack. We may greatly alarm those who fall from 
us v/ith the fears of a general quarrell, & with the resentment of 
those Nations on whose good Conduct I have much reliance. — 
as well as by pursuing sudden and Vigorous Measures at the 
Commencem^ of hostilities, I mean this in case of a Rupture, 
for I am inclined to hope that these things may pass over. — As 
to The*. King from the Nature of his Embassy, and the practice 
of Ind^ he will hold Meetings v/heresoever he finds any of them, 
preparatory to the Gen'. Meeting he is to have with the whole — 
he is a forward fellow fond of giv§ himself consequence, but he 
is a Man of very good Address & Abilities in their Way, & I 
can have no doubt of his fidelity. 

I Expect to hear Shortly some Interesting particulars [con- 
cerning] their Operations, [which I shall not fail to Communicate 
to you] especially if they have an Imediate ill tendency, which I 
shall not [fail to] Communicate 

I now herewith Transmit my Acc'^ to the [25'^. Ins^,] for 
which I beg to be favored with your Warrt when you ca [ ] 

and agreable to y"^ desire I have at the foot of the Acct, [added] 
Such Acco*^ as you were pleased to direct to be bro*. in as 
[extra] Charges for wch you wo"^. Issue a Warr' — 

I have only at present to add that I am with great Truth & 
regard Dear Sir, 

His Excell^y Gen^. Gage 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 47 

A. D. S. 

M"- John Witherhead to Abel Hardenbrook D'. 
for Storage of 1 5 wh° : lb powd"^ @ 4/ ^"^ p* £ 3 . . - . . - 
& 30 half lb D° @ 3/ ^-^ P^ 4. . 10. .- 
& I Q' lb D° @ .. 1..- 


Delivered out of y« Citty Maga^: 

y^ 28 march 1771 the Above Contents Rec^: 

ii^ Abel Hardenbrook 


Paid Cartage of the Powder from 

the Powder Magazine 16/ 

Paid Cartage of 20 Bis Pork 2 Hhds Rum 

16 Bales 26 Boxes of Arms 3 Casks 


Paid Storage of 16 Bales @ 6/ 4.16 

d° of 26 Boxes @ 3/ 3.18 

d° of 1 Cask 3 

d° . of 2 Keggs 2 



A. L. S. 

New york the 29 March 1771 

In obedience to your Agreable Command I have Shipped all 
your Goods on board Captain Pemberton upon his Assuring me 
He would engage to charge the Ff' of them intirely to your 
Satisfaction & has accordingly Signd a Receipt for the Same 
on Such Terns, which I now have the pleasure of transmitting 

48 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

you together with the Enclosd Bill of Parcels of all the Articles 
you orderd me to Send you, which I hope will prove intirely to 
your Approbation as well in point of Quality as price — Teas 
of all kinds are extravagantly dear owing to the Non Importation, 
all we have now come from Holland & are very indifferent — 
I wish every body woud resolve to do without that Article 
because I am convinced the True Meaning of not importing any 
from England is only a villainous Scheme to putt Money into 
the Pocketts of a pack of Smuglers in this City — The Expecta- 
tion also of a Speedy Warr, has had an effect upon the Nail 
Merchants inasmuch that it has been with the utmost Difficulty I 
have been able to procure those 3 Casks I now Send you — they 
Say they will not Sell any more for less than 1 0^ lr lb — The 
Pork coud not be had for less than 85/ — The Rum is very 
extraordinary Good — I therefore have resolvd to Send it of 
New york Manufacture rather than give So high as 4/ for 
west India which in Fact is very little better than this I now Send 
you — I am very Sincerely 

Sir Your Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

M"^ Hooper has Sent you a Box of 
Grafts which I rec^ & have Sent by 
Pemberton who will deliver it to You 

A. L. S.i 

Lake Otsego 29^^ March J 77 1 
Dear Sir 

The bearer a Mohawk deliverd me your honord Letter, inclos- 
ing two Letters from my Father, for which I beg leave to return 
you my most grateful thanks, permitt me to request youl pardon 
the freedom of my friends in presuming to direct my Letters to 
Johnson Hall, the many favours you dayly heep on me will never 

^ In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 49 

be forgotten; my Father Commands me to make an offer of his 
respects, asks of me, if I think a Letter to you would be agreable 
making due acknowledgement for your repeated marks of friend- 
ship to his Son, (& then he knew not the last proof you have 
offerd to give me of your unbounded goodness) which I have 
fully informed of. 

Yesterday had occasion to Send a Man down who is just now 
returned & acquaints me how difficult it was to travel, the bridges 
being all caried away by the freshes, by him had done myself 
the honor of writting you, but have now deliverd them, to James 
the mason who wants much to be employed by you, if there is 
an occasion for him. By my advice this day from the lower End 
of the Lake, I find they are determined to Continue in their 
Spirit of Mutiny they have peremptorily refused an Order I sent 
to their Overseer, which was to Send me one hand to assist my 
Work, agreable to Co' Croghan's injunction to me ; — they are 
determined I am told to Decamp if I attempt any thing against 
any of them, which puts me at a loss how to act, the Season of 
the Year aproaching when they will wanted — excuse me kind 
Sir for again troubling you on this Subject Cap* Macleod has 
been a Witness to the Whole he Says I have too much patience 
& Sincerly pitys me, all I can Say they are not my own; 

I beg for the Continuance of your honord friendship, being 
with the greatest regard 

Very Respected Sir 

Your most Obed* 
most Oblig'^ Humb Serv* 

Aug : Prevost 
The Hon^'^ Sir William Johnson Bar' 


March 29^ 1771 

Major Prevosts letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

50 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5. 

Sir William 

The Din of War begins to abate a little occasioned by a 
revolution in the french Ministry, Choisal & Praslin, able Coun- 
cellers and enterprizing characters, from their attachment to the 
Spanish favorite Measure, of quarreling with the English, are 
sent into Exile, the Dukes D'Aguillon & Broglie under the 
Auspices of Prince Soubise & Madam Barre taking the Helm 
of Government into their hands, hated and detested as they are 
by the whole nation.^ This event cherishes our Administration 
with hope that the Catholic King may be induced to a pacifica- 
tion rather than singly engage in a war with us. Our Accounts 
from home are no later than the 6'^ of January and the par- 
ticulars brought 3 weeks ago & sent up to Johnson Hall are 
within a few days of those produced by the pacquet on Thursday. 

The 2 1 ^' Regiment is ordered from Augustine to Philadelphia, 
there to be joined by other forces forming a Body to act against 
New Orleans by way of the Ohio & Mississippi rivers, if we 
break with Spain. 

The Duel between Governor Johnstone & Lord George Sack- 
ville Germaine was conducted with Ease Elegance and true 
Gallantry, from which Lord George has greatly recovered him- 
self in the opinion of his Countrymen. 

Mynert will in all probability bring you some interesting 
politicks from London. 

My Humble Respects wait on S"" John & the Colonels. 
I am. Sir William, Your most faithfull [ ] 

Ja Rivington 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 51 


A. L. S. 

Aister Sunday [March 3UK 1771] 

I Receved Your favore of the 29 Ins^ I went to M"" Glens 
for the Map where I thought it was, but he thould me that M"" 
Vrooman had it, & that he ""^: sent for *: but not Jet Come, 
houss Ever I Shall See Vrooman this Day on Bartholme 
Vroomans the blind men* Burrying who was found dead In his 
bead with out any Comp'': My Self and Sonn have been at 
Every Stoor Even at the Silver Smitts but Know Iron Wire to 
be had I Shall whrite to M^ John Stevenson for it, as there is 
21 Bars of Iron Not Come let the Rest is here which T': Send, 
that and the Cagg of Lead and Sir John^: Iron will Macke a 
battoe Lood I will also Observe about the Gunns &c I Never 
Send Enaything to M*" fonda without a List & always Gitts a 
Receet according by 

Sir I am Your Most Obediant 

And Humble Servant 

Jno B V Eps 


A. L. S. 
[ ] [Undated] 

The pacquet arrived on Wednesday [ ] had been 

ten weeks out of her advice [ ] so fresh as those I sent 

to you Some [time] ago that came via Boston. 
Our private Letters from London pronounce War to be inevit- 
able, the King has been, ever since Potters first Return from 
Madrid with the futile amusing replies to the Demand of our 
Court, in a State of unconquerable fury at the Insult offered his 
Crown & Dignity by the Catholic Monarch. War would have 
been instantly declared but that the whole Newfoundland 
fishery were in the Spanish Ports, they wait only for Our trade 

52 Sir William Johnson Papers 

being Cleared out of their Harbours, on board of which are at 
least 4000 English Seamen, and then the Rupture will open. 
The Ministry are Sensible that the Earl of Chatham with Lord 
Rockingham will remove nineteen in twenty of them, I fancy 
Lord Halifax will keep his Ground & the Duke of Grafton 
come in again. They are using the utmost address to keep up 
the Stocks. 

The Parliament has voted an augmentation of the Army 20 
Men a Company & a Company of Light Infantry to each 
Batallion except on the Irish Estabhshment: a new battallion of 
Royal artillery is voted, it will be given to Ord Maj', James L 
Col & Cap' Tovey Major [ ] The Half pay list 

is to [ • ] promoting the officers to 

the new [com] panics. 

The Junto at Carlton House have suffered a loss in the death 
of Lord Egmont, a strong adherent to the princess Dowager, and 
a [ ] bitter opponent of Lord Chatham who seeks to 

oer leap all opposition. 

Lord Dunmore must soon give way to M"^ Tryon, an amiable 
Gentleman, finely accomplished for Government, he is a Captain 
in the Guards and rose to this promotion thro the princess 
Dowager's Interest. It is said the Earls Commission came over 
in the last pacquet but that is not acknowledge [d] at the fort. 
Four thousand pounds patent fees, for grants of Land, lie ready 
for his Lordships signing. 

I shall not fail to send the products of the January Mail when 
it is arrived, we expect it daily. 

I am with humble Respects to S"" John & the Colonels, 

Sir William 

Y-^ most faithfull Serv' 

Ja Rivington 
I have wrote to Ireland for 
some of Watson's almanack 
& Registry which shall be Sent 
as soon as I get them. I now 
inclose the English register. \ 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 53 

A. L. S. 
[ ] [Undated] 

[ ] xcuse the Freedom I teak in wrighting to 

[ ] in M"^ franks hous he that was Justis [ ] 

has loast his Commission i Com ther at night, and [ ] 

Mear, and I and my wife Loadge ther one [ ] and the 

next morning I Coald for Liquer and [ ] for it 

I Drunk a Good heelth to King Geoargis and [ Joayall 

Subjects Likewis to Sir WilHam and the [ ] ak Engins 

She Said the Devill might have him and [ ] Engins 

to for he goot his monny by Rogerry in meaking people paying 
fines Som fiftey pounds [ ] honderd pounds and 

Som three hunderd pounds And that was the Way that he 
Goot his monny I tould hur She Lied and she tould me i was 
a Leying [ ] i was yoused verry ill in hur hous by 

the [ ] and hur Son & too Daughtors and a Sundy 

[ ] hur man at my Quarters and [ ] 

[ ] in a Slay and yous me and my wife verry 

[ ] went to the Justis and Goot a warrent and theay 

all put their heds to Geether and the Justis [ ] find 

me 1 £ . 1 3s . 3d I had not the mony to pay With that he 
Strained my Mear took hur out of the Steable 

Honerd Sir I Belong to the Most [ 
and honerable fatornatty of free and [ 
Masons I hoap that your oner will Look [ 
An aie of Pitty and meak the Justis [ 
Monny to me for I am lying Sick and [ 
My Self Like wis Cornal Clous [ 
Fouerten pounds for Engin work [ 
Sir I Niver was in So much Distress [ 
as i am in now Sir i am the Ma[ 
Smith at Niagar that mead the Copper [ 
your oner Cornall Clo^ish may Sure [ 

54 Sir William Johnson Papers 

He plesis and this Shall Be his Recept [ ] 

Doing I Shall Ever Be in Duty [ ] 

till Death W-^ Opey Soileder [ ] 
Belong to 44^^ Rid'"* 

A. L. 5.1 

Schonectady 3UK march. 1771 

I take the Liberty to enclose you an account of Dow & Winn 
of the Seeing I had my Brother to buy for you last year, they 
have threatned to Sue him for the money at the time I head It 
was not Good, I wrote my Brother not to pay them, I would 
be Glad to Know if You would Chuse That I Should pay 
Them — 

I am your Most Obedient 

and most Humble Serv'. 

John Glen 
Sir William Johnson Baronet. 



Sir William Johnson Baronet, 
Johnson Hall 


March 31^' 1771 — 

Co'. J". Glens Letter 
concern^, a Net 

1 In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 
- In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 55 


New York 1st April 1771 


I have this Moment receivd your Favour of 22<^ Ult^ In 
Answer to which, I have now the pleasure to acquaint you that 
Captain Pemberton Saild from hence three Days ago with all 
your Things on board as well those from London as the Severall 
Articles you orderd here, the Amount of which with the Charges 
of Storage & Cartage is £ 200 .17.10, the particulars of which 
you will have by Pemberton together with Bill Lading which is 
the Method I shall Always observe for the future, for I assure 
you the Loss or Detention of the Bucketts has given me no Small 
Uneasiness — However I hope it will at last be found Pemberton 
has undertaken to examine very particularly & to putt up an 
Advertizement in Cartwrights House for it — I have only to 
add that as Soon as it Shall be convenient to You I shall be 
obligd to you for Amount of the Goods on board him, for all 
which I have been obligd to pay Cash — Your further Orders 
Shall be always punctually obeyd by 

Sir Your most Obliged Hble Servant 

John Wetherhead 

The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bar^ 
Johnson Hall 

April b'. 1771 

M^ Wetherhead's letter 
Ans'^'l April 10'^ 

In Johnson's hand. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 






33. .14.. 3 

A. D. 

The Honorable Sir William Johnson Bart 

To John Wetherhead 

[April h'. 177/] 

[ ] Cash paid Cartage of Goods on 

board Munds 

[Mar]ch 27 d°. paid Storage of the Powder as 
^ Acct 

d°. paid d° of the other Goods . . . 

d°. paid Cartage of all the 
Goods from the Stores on 
board Pemberton's Sloop .... 

d«. paid for 2 Hhds Rum Q'y. 26 
Gallons a 2/7 

d°. paid for 20 Barrells pork a 


d°. paid for 1 Barrell Vinegar. . . 
d°. paid for 3 Casks Nails Viz*. 
N 8 1 Cask 1 Od 

Nails 364 

N 12 1 d° 20d 

Nails 390 ... . 

N 24 1 d° 12d 

Nails 216 .... 

Cartage of d° 

d°. paid for 6 lb Hyson Tea a 

26/& Canister 7 

d°. paid for 1 4 lb Bohea . . a 6/3 . 4 
d°. paid for 1 2 lb Mustard a 3/ . . 1 

d°. paid for 2 Barrells Sugar 
-21 a 62 


910 a 81/2^ 32— 4.. 7 





14.. 9-^ 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 'i>l 

d° paid for two Small Boxes for 

the Tea & Mustard 4 

£200. .15. .10 
D° paid Carriage of a Box byl ^ 

the Philadelphia Stage f 

£200 . 17 . 10 


M^ Wetherheads Acc». 
April 1771 — 
£200—17—10 — 


A. L. S.2 

New York April /"; 1771 
Dear Sir, 

I can give you no more Account of Peace or War With Spain 
than when I last wrote to you. The inclosed Letter from Captain 
Edmonstone, with the two Papers of Intelligence from Fort-Pitt, 
is the Cause of my troubling you at present. You will know 
best what Judgment to form of the Reports made by the Stock- 
bridge Indians and the Shawnese Chief, and whether We May 
believe or not, that the Six Nations are guilty of the Perfidy 
wherewith they are accused. That they have often Set other 
Nations against Us has been confirmed from Many parts, and 
no doubt they have done it in the View of raising their own 
Consequence with Us; and declaring themselves Friends when 
we have Bickerings with other Indians. I am at a Loss to know 
what Reasons M"": Croghan could have in refusing to give his 
Opinion upon this Intelligence ; there seems to Me to be too much 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

58 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to be all true. The Shawnese are certainly exasperated to a 
great Degree, and I believe are ready for any thing were they 
more powerfull. They have been very active, and I may say 
very ingenious and Sound Polititians if I may Judge of them 
by their late Transactions. They have raised great Commotions 
in the Cherokee Country. Occonastota had left Chote,^ and 
gone to live at Settaeo, the most dissafected Town in the Nation; 
but some of their Chiefs were labouring hard for Peace. The 
Traders were Countermanding their Orders for Goods, and pre- 
parmg for Flight. M'^: Steuart adds, "All this is the Efect of 
the Shawnese Machinations." 

All Negotiations for accompHshing a Peace between the 
Greeks and Chactaws were at an End; and the War continues 
between them with the usual Animosity. It is to be hoped there- 
fore that those Nations being otherwise employed will not have 
Leizure to attend to the Intrigues of the Shawnese Deputys. 

I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

your most obedient 
humble Servant 

Tho^ Gage 


N York April I, 1771 
Genr^ Gages Letter 

^ Echota, a Cherokee town. 
- In Johnson's hand. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 59 


April 2. 1771 
HoNNER°. Sir 

By this appurtunity In Your Battoe by James Carrel Comes 
the Kagg of Lead and 13 barss flatt & 1 7 of Square Iron the 
Rest of the Iron Comes from albany this day 

I am Sir Your m^' Obed'. & 
Humble Servant 

Jno B V Eps 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 483 is listed a letter written April 4, 
1771, at Johnson Hall by Sir William Johnson to Rev. Dr Samuel 
Auchmuty, relative to Mr Stewart's and ^yIr Andrews's ministry, circum- 
stances which hinder the Church of England, and the disposition of 
Lutherans at Stoneraby to unite with it. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:444_46; Q, 4:277-78.) 


A. L. S. 

London 4^^ April 1771 — 

I did myself the Honor of addressing You on the 25'^ Febr^ 
last — since which I have not been favour'd with any from 
You — The Language of Administration & the general opinion 
of the People of England, is Peace — My InteUigence makes 
it very doubtfull, & I have some foundation for my Sentiments — 

Cap* Roberts has not met with that Success in His application 
which He at first imagind — I spoke to several Gent" in His 
Favour who are at the Head of affairs — but He wants 
Vouchers to authorize His demand — I should be glad to know 
Your opinion of that Gent" & if You would wish that I should 

60 Sir William Johnson Papers 

support Him — I wish Sir William You would point out to Me 
any opportunity of making my Services acceptable to You here, 
as it will be no small pleasure to Satisfy the respect & Esteem 
with which I am 


Your much obliged 
& most obed hble Serv' 

John Blackburn 


Johnson hall April 5'^. 1771. — 
Dear Sir 

The Indians whom I dispatched to Niagara by your orders, 
returned Yesterday and have brought pacquets for you which I 
forward by this post, — 

I have been obliged to advance them something more than I 
had agreed for & Charged in my Acct, in Consideration of the 
Extraordinary difficulties they met with during the late general 
Snow Storm, when they were obliged to hire others to accompany 
them on Snow Shoes, & this greatly retarded their Journey. — 

Since my last nothing material has occurred. The next 
pacquet will probably bring us the final resolutions of the Govern- 
ment on the Dispute with Spain, which I shall be glad to be 
informed of Soon — 

I am with perfect Regard, Dear Sir &c 

His Excel^y 
L^. Gen^- Gage 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 61 


A. L. S. 

[April 5^^1771] 

[ ]SlR 

I Receved your favoure of the 3 Ult. 

I Spoock to M"^ Vrooman About the Mapp in the Presence 
of M"^: Christofell Yattes Vrooman thould me that he had not 
Quitt Done it, So Says Yattes I am Going up Next Thursday 
and was promised to him So that I was Easey about it but now 
will Send for it 

after I Chould gite Know Wire here I wrotte to M"" John 
Stevenson to Send me that Quantedy of wire who writts me back 
that he Could gite none there, there was some at Wessel van 
Schaick^ but toe tin Know I have Wrote to van Schaick by the 
post to Send me 1 lb and for what Use I also Dozyred him to 
aqu'. Cap* pemberton to Stoor all as Derected as for Sending 
that Iron & Cagg of Lead James Carel Came to Me and asked 
if aney thing was here to be Sent up and I thould him that I 
had that So he Sad that he had only 2 or 3 Barrels and that 
all whould be the Same Charge, So that I thought it a pies of 
Service I Shall tacke all the Care I poassable Can in trans- 
porthing the Gunns Powder &ca I am with Cind Complements 
to M"" Johnson & famely Your Most Obediant H: Servant 

Jn° B V Eps 
I Sent my Jonnie to 
Vroomans for y^ Mapp 
who Could not Spear it 
Jet but w"^ : in a fue days 
the Deamd Roog 
who has 1000 ackers 
more then we have 
for he farly promis'^ 
that M-^ Yattes whould 
have it as above 

Sir W^^. Johnson Bar' &ca 

62 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[April 5th.] 1771 _ 

M^ Van Ep's Letter 

A. L. 5.2 

Teronto April 6, 1771 . — 

[ ] 

We are Honoured with your favour of the 12'*^ of Jan''^. 
Last, and hope you have Rec"^. Ours of March the 1**. You 
may be assured we will be Circumspect, prudent and saving, and 
will be as punctual as possible in Our Remittances. — We would 
most willingly send all our trade to M^ Funda, but would not 
deal with him on the same terms Others does, but if he would 
deal off hand as a merchant should do, then it would be An 
Inducement for Us & v/e would Continue but you know Sir 
those kind of people are Allways Clipping something for them- 
selves and then they Charge higher for their Goods Down the 
Country (& them not so good in quality as we Can buy at 
Niagara), hov/ever Vv^e Intent trying him in the Spring. 

Agreeable to Your Order we have punctually told what 
Indians we saw since the Recp*. of Your Letter, your Intentions 
without Adding a word, we have Also followed your Other 
Directions punctually We have had a Visit from three Indians 
[ ] back of Us ab*. 4 days journey and when [ ] 

trader Besides, they brought Us 91 lb of to [ ] 

Wanted Chiefly tobacco & rum, but we would [ ] 

trade with them without they took half Merchandise with which 
they Complied, and was Verry well Satisfied with our trading, 
Assuring Us all the Indians that way intends trading hear which 
we hope May be true, being a Large body, if Steel had Sent 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

- In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 63 

Us 100 pricks of tobacco Instead of the 18 which he sent, we 
would have made a Glorious hand of it, we get two Otters or 
two Large Beavers for a three p'^. prick which cost 3/ and they 
are Glad to jump at it, neither will we sell it Singly there is not 
an Ounce to be had at Niagara, rum we are Verry scarce off as 
well as tobacco, we are Oblidged to send our battoe to Niagara 
for three Barrels of rum, which will Cost Us high there, but its 
Impossible to do without it, for if we had it not we would Lose 
all our spring trade, which is the Chief trade hear, we are In 
hopes M^ Campbell will not Disapoint Us In Our Boats, we 
have Now in the house 14 good packs besides bear Skins, which 
we are In hopes will rise on prospect of War. — 
[ ] to hear Johnston is getting to be a Gay [ ] 

as it must give you a great deal of Diversion As for Us we 
are poor pill Garlixs, no one to Converse with but the Indian 
Nobility which is not Over Agreeable, however its good for Our 
Souls. Capt". Brown favoured Us with the Newspapers by 
which we find the Disputes Subsisting between Us and the 
Spaniards, we hope if they thus Wantonly force Us to a War, 
that we v^all drub them as well as we did the Last, we believe 
the prophescy of the Down fall of the turkish Empire will come 
true if the Russians goes on as they have done this while past. — 
We have Nothing more to Add but Our Compliment? to Sir 
John, (who we hear if Report Can be Credited has Commenced 
father), to the Rest of the family & Acquaintances & are 

My Dear Sir W"*. 
Your Most Oblidged & Most 
Obedient & Humble Servants 

Wade & Keiuser 

Toronto April 6*^ 1771 

M"", Ferral Wades letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

64 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Albany 6'^ April 1771 

Being much in want of money to pay some small drafts on me, 
which will be due in a short time, should take it very kind, if you 
would Remit me the amount of your Acco'. ^ first opportunity ; 
I assure you nothing but pure Necessity would Cause me to do 
this. Therefore hopes you'l Excuse me, as my late misfortunes 
has laid me under many Difficulties, if there be anything wrong 
Charg'd in the Acco* shall Rectifie it — I am 

your most 

Obd» Humble Serv» 

Tho^ Shipboy 
Amt Acco* furnished £20. .2. . 10 
Cash paid for Crying 
about your Buckets 1 . .6 

£20. .4. .4 

from ferrall wade 
A. L. S. 

Teronto 6 April 177/ 

I must now say a few things to you in private and Let you 
know how I am Imbarrassed with the people about me if I was 
not well Acquainted with my partner, I would not know 
wheather he was blessed with a tounge or not. when the Indians 
come atrading not a word will he say to them without its 
Extorted from him I then say why dont you Welcome the 
Indians its All the same I am Oblidged to Stammer to them. In 
short he does not know what we are about, or the price of a single 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 65 

knife on the Whole he is One of the Most Lazy, Indolent Young 
fellows I ever saw, the whole Winter he sat at the fire side with 
his Elbow on his knee & his Chin on his hand picking his nose 
without speaking a Word he has wore a shirt 13 or 14 weeks 
without Changing & the Whole time I dont think he Ever 
Washed, when he took his shirt Off the Man showed it me it 
swarmed with lice, I gave him a severe Reprimand Let me be 
Examining the Goods Skins [ ] the Devil a stirr will 

he do Except I am [ ] him which I am Oblidged 

to do Verry Often [ ] he would be worse, however he 

petulant Enough if he wants Anything, I can safely say this that 
if he had this Cargoe by himself he would never bring One half 
back, the Indians remarks him believe me Sir I dont make this 
by way of Complaint but I would be Glad he would get a 
reproof by another Channel, & I not to Appear in it, I think 
it would be of Benifit to him & might Rouse him from his 
Lethargy. — 

The Indian who is with Us is a Verry Drunken fellow when- 
ever he can get Liquor he Is drunk, so that he is not to be 
trusted. Indeed Except the Notion it gives the Ind"^ of Our being 
people of some Consequence he has done us no Service But he 
& his Son has been a Very heavy Expence to Us, I never knew 
what he was to have for Coming hear Untill the Other Day, 
how great was My Surprise when he told me M^ Steel Agreed 
With him for 1000 Liveres I could not Imagine he was to have 
above 40 Dollars the trade hear will not bear such Charges. 

[ ] weight is on me I am the Slave, my trunk is 

[ ] in a Coberd I keep Every thing Under Lock & 

Key [ ] we have been the Most part of the Winter at 

Allowance of Yi^^ bread p*" Day — rum I have Allowed them 
none for sometime past, butter none at all, be Assured there 
shall not be a farthing Lost of the property you have Intrusted 
me with or Anyone Else, what we have traded we have done 
to Good Advantage, but had I a man with me that Understood 
trade & the Language I am Morrally sure we would Stop all 

66 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Indians at this side from going to Niagara. — I beg sir this 
to be private to Yourself, you may be Informed by Others, 
pardon me for thus troubling you with Nonsense & believe me 
Ever to be 

My Dear Sir W-. 
Your Most Oblidged & Most 
Obedient Hum Serv* 

Ferrall Wade 

Toronto 6**» April 1771 

M-- Ferral Wades letter 

A. L. S. 

New York 8 April 1771 

Dear Sir 

Youll see by the News Papers that the Sale of the Lands at 
Sacondago is putt off till the 25 Ins*. I think there is no doubt 
I shall get the Lott you want under your Limitts. be assured I 
shall take Care that you are not disapointed. If the other Lotts 
go reasonable I will buy them all for you — I have spoke to 
Lord Dunmore about what you say of purchasing from the 
Indians a Northern Boundary, but he does not care to do any- 
thing at present, as its uncertain whether he remains in the 
Cover [n]ment or not — tho' he will stay if possible — & in that 
Case he talks of going to see you & has asked me to accompany 
him, & I hope we shall see you in June at furthest — You may 
depend Major Funda or any Friend of yours will allways meet 
every good Office in my power. I shall write Major Funda 
fully soon. By the Packett hourly expected we shall know if 
Lord Dunmore continues here or not of which I shall give you 
the earlyest Notice. 

In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 67 

I sent you up yesterday by Marseiles Two Barrells of a very 
fine kind of [ ] Pottatoes for Seed. I thought to 

have [ ] you more, but the Frost had touched & 

spoiled them hope those will answer your purpose. We have 
nothing new here but what you see in the Papers. I dont think 
this patched up affair with the Spaniards will last long, it seems 
a bad affair 

1V1'^^ Wallace desires her Compliments & I beg you will be 
assured that I am ever 

D'' Sir Y^ obliged & obed' Serv' 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir W^^ Johnson Bar* 
Johnson Hall. 

A. L. S. 

New London 9^ April 1771 

[ ] 

I hope to be at the Hall before this arrives which goes to the 
Care of M"" Wetherhead with a Box Containing a few Little 
articles and a Choice Collection of Garden Seeds for you — also 
six Matted Bundles of Very fine young fruit trees for you and 
my Self as I Shall be with you with the List of trees & Seeds 
I only add that I am with the greatest Respect & truth 

Dear Sir 
Your DutefuU Obed' 

Jo^ Chew 
Sr W" Johnson Bar* 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 483, is entered, under date of the 10th 
of April, 1 771, New York, the following document, which was destroyed 
by fire: General Thomas Gage's warrant for payment of £4421, 19s, 
Id, New York currency, to Sir William Johnson. 

68 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 
Sunday Marning [April 14^^ 1771] 

Honoured Sir 

I ReceV^ Your feavore of the 12 Ult By the post Comes the 
Mapp at Last 

M"" Vrooman baggs to have it agine. In Eight Days time as 
M"- Yates & Glen Is then Going Down to New York I Shall 
Send for Pork to albany to Marro I have hard of None let & 
also for a Good Spead for here is none to be had and Sent up 
as Soon as Poasable as for the Ammonition the Rood is too 
bade let and the waggoners Axes Such an Extravegant price 
but it": Soon be Over I went out Dorecly & found Arteh**^: 
boyd for the Grass Seed who tells me that one of his Neaborss 
has Some & I thould him that he Should Come in With it I am 

Your Most Obediant & 
Humble Servant 

Jn" B V Eps 
The Small box to Come 
with the pork 

A. L. S. 

New York the 15 April J 77 1 

I flatter myself I should have heard by the last Post of your 
receiving all your things Safe by Pemberton, who I understood 
arrivd Safe at Albany last Wednesday Sevenight — 

An Advertysment you have orderd to be put in the News 
Paper has product, an Application to me by one M"" Carpenter 
who would be glad to engage with you upon your own Terms 
in the Capacity of a Schoolmaster — from Him you will by this 
Post receive a Letter to that purport — This Person is recom- 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 69 

mended to me in very Strong Terms by Some Merchants in 
Town — He is of a good Family & will have a very good 
Estate in a little Time — but woud be glad to engage with You 
in the Meantime — He pretends only to instruct Children in the 
English Language & to teach writing & the Common Rules of 
Arithmetick — He appears modest & pretty well bred & that is 
all I know of him — Shoud Such a person Suit you please to 
lett me know & I shall obey your Directions about him 
In the meantime I remain with great Truth 

Sir Your most obedient Servant 

John Wetherhead 

A. L. S. 

N York April 15. 1771. 


[ ] permanence The [ 

[ ] Madrid by his Catholic Maj [esty 

[ djissaprove of his Conduct in [ 

and Seems to intend [ 

The Augmentation of the A[rmy 
are totally Stopped & the press was [ 
recalled. The Stocks Rise and [ 
the influence of the Administration [ 
they can carry any measure [ 
dare adopt. 

I am 

S^ William, 

Y"^ most obed' Serv' 


Sr W" Johnson Bart 

Johnson Hall 

^ Several lines burned off. 

70 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S.' 

New york April /5"': 1771 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letters of the 29'*^: of March and 5'^: 
Ins* : ; the first covering an Account of your Department to the 
25*^: of March for which a warrant is made out; tho' I must 
take the Liberty to observe, that amongst the Articles of Extra- 
ordinarys, the Expences Said to be incurred by Cap'. Edmon- 
stone and M^ Croghan are of that Nature, which I am not 
warranted to pay as extraordinarys. The unavoidable and small 
Expences contracted by the Officers Commanding in the Posts 
for trifling Presents is all I can take upon Me to discharge. 
They have no Powers to hold Congresses, it does not belong to 
them to do it, nor can I pay their Expences should they attempt 
it. Cap': Edmonstone's own Ace**: have been discharged; the 
one in Question is purely M"^: Croghan's, and contracted in his 
own Department ; and I am not authorized in any shape to extend 
the allowance fixed for the Department. 

You will have received probably Some Intelligence forwarded 
to you from Fort-Pitt on the Same Subject as My last Letter. 
M"^: Steuart informs Me the Disturbances in the Cherokee 
Nation have proceeded in great Measure from the Many Parties 
of Northern and Western Nations, that have been lately in that 
Country. One of his Deputys writes from Fort Prince George, 
that he was informed that the Northern Indians upon their 
Arrival proposed to the great Warrior to Strike the white People 
which he would not agree to ; then to go against the Creeks which 
he also declined; and at length they proposed the Chikesaws 
which was agreed to. Accordingly the Northern Parties with 
Some Cherokees, went of in Boates to Strike the Chikesaws. 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 71 

The Papers will tell you More News than I am able to inform 
you of. It seems pretty certain that a Convention is Signed with 
Spain, we must wait for the Packet for Authentick Particulars. 
I am with great Regards, 
Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 
Sr; w^: Johnson Bar': 


New York 15*h. April 1771 

Genr'. Gages letter 

A. L. S. 

New London April /7"'. 177/ 

When I wrote you last by Cap'. [Hajrris to the Care of M"^ 
Wetherhead with a Box of Garden seeds and Six Bundles of 
trees I Expected to have Set out by this time, but was the Next 
day taken with a pain in one side of my head my Ear Neck & 
Shoulder attended with a fever that has Confined me to my room ; 
great Part of the time to my bed and the torment I have suffer'd 
has been Very great I Cannot tell to what it is owing unless 
the Terrible cold weather we have had all this month, 

I Can but just set up to inclose you a List of the Seeds and 
Trees which (at Least the best part) are very fine 

I Expect the oats were shipp'd yesterday for New York the 
Calavance you mention is the Growth of Virginia & Carolina 

as Soon as I am able shall set out for the Hall and hope to 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

72 Sir William Johnson Papers 

find the Ground Clear of snow, if you have such Cold weather 
as we have it will be very doubtfull 

our friend Col° Nathan Whiting at New Haven Dyed last 
Week Very much Lamented Col° Fitch has been Extreemly 
Sick but is much Better 

as I hope yet to see you about the time this gets to hand I will 
only add M" Chews and my ardent wishes for your health and 
happiness and that I am with great Duty and Respect 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obed' Serv' ^ 

Jos Chew 

A Vessel! arrivd at New port last week from the West Indies 
with a Quantity of Tea and other Articles which the Coll"" of 
his majestys Customs being informed of attempted or did make 
a seizure — in doing which he got so Beat and Bruised by a lot 
of Very Lawless Gentry that his Life was despaired of when 
the last Accounts Came from thence — 

S« William Johnson Bar* 


A. L. S. 

[ ] Albany Aprile 17^K 177/ 

Having been Requested by John Roff of this City Skipper To 
Commence a Suit for £3:1:9 against M"^^ Sophia Denniston 
widow of Daniel Denniston Deceas^ which sum Roff alledges 
is Due to him from said Daniel Denniston's Estate — as it is 
not my intention To Load any one with Needless Costs — when 
it Can be Prevented with Notice & Safety to My Clients — I 
wrote the widow and acquainted her with my Instructions & 
Desired her To send me an answer as Soon as Possible which 
she has accordingly Done and acquainted me that the adminis- 
tration of her Late Husband's Estate has Long Since Been 
Granted To your Good Self — as Such I Beg the favour of Sir 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 73 

William To Let me Know how the Matter is — that I may 
inform my Client of it — who would be Glad to have the Same 
Settled wih Convenient Speed: Having Sustained a Series of 
Losses in Trade and many other Disappointm'^ for Some Years 
Past — My friends advised me To Quit Trade and apply To 
his Excellency The Right Honourable the Earl of Dunmore 
Our Governor — for a Licence To Practice the Law in the 
Inferior Courts of the City h County of Albany, accordingly 
I Sent My Recommendations To Lord Dunmore in January 
Last — his Lordship ordered My Licence forthwith To be made 
out, and was Sent me p"^ post on the 26'^ Day of February I 

was Qualified. And have the Pleasure To acquaint you 

[ ] well Supported by My friends and that [ ] 

increases with me Day after Day. The Repeal [of the] 
Ten Pound act Does not a Little Facilitate [ ] 

I hope you'l Kindly Excuse me in Giving you [ ] ace" 

of my own affairs — I Doubt not from your universall Benevo- 
lence but you will be well Pleased to hear that My Private 
affairs have Taken so favourable a Turn and that that will 
Plead My Excuse for the Liberty I have Taken — I beg Leave 
to Conclude with assureing you that I Remain on all occasions 
yours & family's Most Obliged 

and Verry Hum'''. Serv*. 

John Hansen 

To the Honourable SiR WiLLlAM JOHNSON Baronet — 

A. L. S. 

Albany H^K April 1771. 

M-^: Adams the 9^: Oct^ 1 766 Bought of me for you Goods 
to the Amount of £32:6:8: — I have Transmitted you an 
Account thereof sometime since; I take the liberty to Remind 

74 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you that I still Remain Unpaid, & that it will give me great 
Pleasure to Receive the Cash I am 

Sir/ Your Most Humble Serv'. 

Abi^ Ten Broeck 
The Hon'''^: 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

A. L. S. 
[ ] Albany ApK 17^^ 1771 

Your favour of the I I '^ Ins*. I Rec*^. inclosing a Bail peice 
which I sign^ & acknowledged before Ten Eyck. it is gone to 
New York. I hope it may be in time. You will not be hable 
for the Debt in Case of Tice's Death. 

M"^: Drake who will deliver you this is a townsman of myne 
an Honest man who has a Cargo of Goods which he thinks you 
may want You'll please to take a litt^ Notice of him & excuse my 
freedom which will much Oblidge Y^ Sinseer friend 
& Hbl: Ser*: 

Step^: De Lancey 

Bt: 8—5— 
D Ly 30..11.. 

Drake 52. .16. . 


Alby. 17»K April 1771 

Step". De Lancey Esq" 
Letter and Ace' 
Ans""^. & paid — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 75 


Johnson hall April I8^K 1771 — 
Dear Sir, 

Since I was favored with your last I have received an Acco' 
of the Accomodation with Spain, from the Nature of which 
however. There is Httle prospect of a permanent peace. I have 
perused the papers Inclosed in your Letter & must Confess I was 
somewhat Surprised but under very little apprehension as to the 
Nature of the Intelligence they contained. — 

In the first place Mohicon John who is well and long known 
to me, I know for one of the most discontented Men amongst all 
the Indians on the Continent. The little domesticated Tribe 
to which he belongs have I believe Suffered some Injustice from 
the NEngland & Albany Peoples for which they are not likely 
to have any reparation, in Consequence of which he has rambled 
a great deal, & on many occasions expressed his discontent to 
me, at the State of his Tribe which it is not in my power to 
remedy, and even made use of Extraordinary Language on the 
Subject v/hich intimated his being capable of undertaking any 
thing and which I should not have passed over but that I knew 
him to be of too little consequence to merit regard, for the fact 
is that himself, his Tribe and many other Tribes so Circum- 
stanced, as they [have never] been Judged of much Importance 
during the former Wars cannot expect to be much noticed under 
the present Economical System, and being discontented them- 
selves, promote it amongst others, I might say much the same 
of the Shawanese by whom many have of late been much 
imposed upon, and till of late they have always been considered 
in that light by those who know them. Whatever Consequence 
they Give themselves they have been & Still are dependants on 
the Six Nations, who have moved them Sev'. times Since I came 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson ; missing sections supplied from manu- 
script letter of same date in William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, 

76 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to America, & as Often Assigned them places for their Residence 
& they are at present a handfull (according to M"^ Croghans last 
return to me) Compared with the Six Nations, — Tis true that 
Hke all Indians, when not in the presence of the latter they have 
affected to set up Titles to Lands with a long Train of et Ceteras, 
but neither the Provinces with whom they had particular Con- 
nections, or any former Managers of Indian Affairs did ever 
pay any regard thereto, or consider them [as having any such 
Titles.] This together with the other disagreeable Circumstances 
[attend^, their] dependant State has made them discontented, & 
occasioned [them to associate] with all others that are disaffected, 
which I must say is no [inconsiderable] number, whilst their 
jealousy of each other occasions them often [to divulge] Schemes 
which were first agitated by themselves; — In the 10*^ [Article] 
of the Treaty of peace made with the Delawares in 1 765, they 
voluntarily agreed that whenever the Boundary Line should be 
settled they would "abide by w*. ever Limits shall be agreed upon 
between the Crown & the Six Nations, & shall nev''. disturb his 
Maj*. Subjects, on that Ace*, Nevertheless I gave them & the 
Shawanese a Consequence to which they were not intitled. I 
formally invited them to be present at the Treaty at Fort Stanwix, 
& those of them who attended were Loaded with presents to which 
they had no right. Yet have they Since, as I am told, seemed 
dissatisfied with part of the Line, which tho' of no Consequence, 
has been mistakenly thought of some, even by Government. But 
if any faith is to be had on Ind", Treaties, It was the most 
unanimous & much the greatest One that ever was held by the 
English in North American & at the late Treaty at the German 
flatts the 6 Nat^ have insisted on their rights & Confirmed their 
Caption. As I have spoken so often on the motives of discontent 
amongst the Indians I need only to observe that this discontent 
Subsists and is likely to Subsist with Many of them, but that it 
Originates with or is Agitated by the Six Nation Confederacy, 
& particularly that the Mohavv^ks have the least Concern in it is 
too absurd to require Notice. But the error arises from Ignorance 
in the distinction of names & Situations, for, as there are many 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 77 

Emigrants who have wandered from the Senecas & some from 
each of the Six Nations, who are Scattered all over the Country 
particularly amongst the Shawnese & Delawares, these people 
as they are disagreeable to the orig'. Stock who really are no 
longer Answerable for their Conduct, they are allways ripe for 
Mischief, & frequently draw unmeritted reflections on the 
Confederacy. — Indeed altho' two villages of the Senecas 
behaved uncommonly well during the late War &c I have no 
opinion of the Sincerity of the Generality of that Nation from 
their Attachment to the french & their Vicinity to, and Connec- 
tion with the Shawanese & Delawares & I am very Sensible that 
there are Some amongst most of the other Nations who would 
willingly abett them, but not with the Inclination of their Gen'. 
Council, and I am Confident that if occasion requires I can 
furnish a Convincing proof of their fidelity [, of which] the 
rest are but too Sensible, otherwise we should have had a 
[fresh] quarrell with them 3 years ago. — 

They are very Jealous of the Six Nations whom they have 
never Sincerely forgiven for the Capture of Capt Bull & his 
party, & the Destruction of the Villages about the branches of 
Susquehannah. I ought to take notice that Capt Edmonstone 
must have been led into some Mistake Concerning my passes, 
for to the very best of my recollection & enquiry I do not find 
that I have given Two, within these two Years to any going that 
way, except to the Depy^ who were sent to the Southward in 
Consequence of the last Treaty at the German flatts. — From 
the Course of m.y Correspondence you will find that I cannot be 
Surprised should we have a rupture with the Indians as I have 
had very good Intelligence that it has been for some time in 
Agitation amongst many of them, but I am pretty Confident that 
it is not at least at present either with the Countenance or Inclina- 
tion of the 6 Nation Councills, however, I think it wo"^. be proper 
to Call the Chiefs of that Confederacy to an acco'. about it, & 
let them know the discovery that has been made which will at 
least have this Effect, that those who may possibly have wished 
well to the Plan, will entertain a distrust for the Shawanese &c, 

78 Sir William Johnson Papers 

& finding us apprized of the danger may Drop the prosecution 
of it. 

His Excelly Lt Gen^ Gage 


April ]S\ 1771 — 

To Lieut Gen'. Gage 


A. L. S. 

Stockbridge 20^K April 1771 

Dear Sir William 

I this Day Rec''. yours of the 30'*^ of March Am Greatly 
obliged To you for your Kind offer — But since the Principle 
part of my Associates are Determined Not To Settle There 
(though when I first Proposed To Make a Purchase of a Town- 
ship They bound Themselves To Settle with me on the 
Premises) yet they were Discouraged our not being Certain that 
we Could Proceed with Safety Last Oct"^ when we had Pre- 
pared To Allot out the Land & make begining on the Premises. 
They Imediately after made purchases of Land Elsewhere. 
Though their is a number yet fond of Settling on your Land 
yet I can not Git So many as would be Able To Build up a 
Society which is all That Discourages me — Were it not for 
that Dificulty I would not Take £ 200 for my bargain but Since 
Affairs are in Such a Situation I Dont Think of Proceeding any 
Further — Their is Some of my Partner That Intend To Go 
up this Spring To Dispose of Some Provisions & utensial we 
Left when we was up Last whom I Suppose would be glad to 
Purchase Some farms To Settle on ; whom if you Should Please 
To Supply will Oblige Dear Sir 

Your Most Obedient 
and very Humb'. Serv' 

Sam Brown Jun 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

J ' 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 











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80 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York22'^ April 177} — 

M"^ Mortier being in the Country, I take the Hberty of Inclos- 
ing you the Generals Warrant in your favor dated the 1 Instant 
for £2579-9-5 Sterling, with the usual Receipts, which was 
left at the Office the latter End of the last Week, and am, 

with great Regard, 
Your most Obedient, and 
most Humble Servant 

W^. Newton 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady ^ 
23 April 177 J \ 
Honoured Sir 

Inclosed you have M"". Brinkerhof's Letter as I had spoke to 

]VI^ Blaw for your honour. 

This Day I have Loaded a Battoe as you have at foot — 
Your box of frute Trees was not Come yet to Albany this Day 
Neither is the Grass Seed come from Currise Bush, which I 

spoke for 

1 hhad Rum 

I am Sir Your 

1 Barl Vineger 

Most Obed'. & 

2 Do. Potatoes 

Humb'. Serv*. 

2 D°. Brown Sugar 

Jn°. E 

1 Do. Nails 

1 Tierce Rice 

5 Small Boxes 


Sir William Johnson 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 81 


A. L. S. 

[ ] April 24: 1771 

M« Hanna 

I have Recived your Letter buy the Bearor Ab'^ Grout 
Wheare buy you write that Sir WiUiam Gonson wants to heave 
a Writt Serve. I have none of my Dubeties a home or als I 
should hime ope I darefore in Close you one Debetise According 
to your Desire 

I am 

Sir Your humble Serv' 

Henry Ten Eyck Jun-^ 



William Hanna Esqr 
Attorney at Lavi^ 
in Schenectady 


Sherriff Ten Eycks 
Letter to M^ Hanna 
April 24th. 1771 — 


A. L. S. 
[ ] NewYork25 April 1771 

[In] Obedience to your last Commands I now Send you on 
board Captain Pruyn 2 Casks of best Burlington Gammons 
N17 & 18 Containing 28 Hams the Weight according to the 
Enclosd Account of them being 3 1 1 ^ (a) SYz^ is with Cask 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

82 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Cartage & Cooperage £ll.8.3|/2 which is placed to your 
Account — I should have been glad to have sent you the Tongues 
at the Same time, but have not yet been able to procure them 
to my Mind — 

I last Week rec^ some bundles of Trees & 2 Boxes from M'' 
Chew^ in New London, which were put on board Pemberton, 
who was to have taken the Hams but Sail*^ without calling upon 
me to take the Letters or Barrells — However I hope you will 
receive both the one & the other perfectly Safe — 

I am in haste but with great Sincerity 

Sir Your most Hb'^ Servant 

John Wetherhead 

April 25'h 1771 _ 

M^ Wetherheads letter 
with an ace' — 
Am'gto £11.. 8.. 31/2 
Ans'-d. 9'^^. May, and 
Sent him a Bill for £50 


Schenectady April 25^'' 1771 

Worthy & honoured Sir, 

Both Gratitude and Inclination at all Times prompt me to 
Serve Your Interest; whenever it may be in my Power. There- 
fore immediately on the Receipt of Your letter of the tv/enty 
second Instant sent a Person to Albany for a Writ; and wrote 
to the Sheriff, either to come himself or send one of his best 
Deputies to serve the same or in Case he could do neither to 

In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 83 

deputize the Writ leaving a Blank for the Deputy's Name, that 
You might have it in Your Power to appoint a Man that You 
can depend upon will faithfully execute the Same, the Writ 
Deputized with a Blank bail Bond You have inclosed which 
hope will answer Your End. 

from Worthy Sir 

Your humble Serv' W^^ Hanna 


Sir William Johnson Bar* 


D. S. 

Schindy 26^'^ Aprill 1771 
M^ Fonda 

For Sir William Johnson Comes a battoe Lood by Thomas 
Oargan Dinnes Obryant & one men More 

4 bales N° 1 & 8-1 1-41 

1 Cask with Lead 

1 Quarter D°. Powder 

1 Ditto flintts 

1 Small bagg Shott 

2 barrels Pork 

a Round peeper parshell from John Weatherhad 
I am with Complements Sir Your Most Humble Servant 

Jn°. B V Eps 

M"" Douwe Fonda 

84 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[ ] Kinderhook 26 April 177 J 

I '] 

[ ] from my B'' Dated Saturday and Monday 

[ ] as follows — Your Militia Arrangements are 

Jeopardy — [ ] will take place I believe — Cob 

Rensselaer" has applied to the [ ] under such favorable 

Introductions that his Lordship is highly prepossessed in his 
Favor. Yesterday morning having received Intimation of his 
intended application I waited on my Lord and acquainted him 
that I appeared on behalf of the Township of Kinderbook — In 
the Course of our Conversation he told me that Col°, Rensselaer 
had been cruelly used that he was a Gentleman of a most amiable 
Disposition & had done his Majesty essential Services in the 
Time of War as well as been civil to the Officers of the Army 
&c — in Short that Col°. Rensselaers Commission was making 
out to return him to his former Command I talked much with 
his Lordship — he treated me with Affability and openness — 
He told me that he would Suspend any farther proceeding till 
he had Seen me again and desired me to call upon him & reduce 
to writing what I had to Say — I then Referred him to the 
Petitions &c*. delivered to the Council — He desired me to look 
at them and if I had anything farther to ofl^er I should call on 
him — This morning I again waited upon his Lordship and again 
referred him to the Petitions Minutes of Council &c^. I then 
presented him with your Map — He entered into the Merits of 
the Controversy at once and smiled at Rensselaers Claim — He 
again assured me of his intire Impartiality in this affair that 
nothing Should be concluded upon before he Sent to me — and 
informed me of what he proposed to do — I never knew a Man 
more open to Information — I told him I pledged my veracity 

^ Lines burned off. 

^ Lieutenant Colonel John Van Rensselaer. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 85 

and Reputation to his Lordship for the truth of every thing I 
said — I am under great anxiety about this matter — The 
Governor Seems to think that one Reg*, divided into two 
parts will be Sufficient. Hence I conclude his Lordship has been 
very partially informed about the number of People that are 
within the Districts of Kinderhook and Claverack — Thus far 
the first letter — "Upon the whole it now Stands thus and will 

terminate I believe as follows: R r will be reinstated 

and the [ 


letter — My [ 

and at the Same time to [ 

measures you may think proper to [ 

have proposed the alterations — if any proposal [ 

Re r or any belonging to him they will be [ 

contempt they deserve — If you Should think any [ 
taken we shall be happy to follow Such as you may [ 
I shall only add as it grows late, that we shall [ 
of your good intentions towards us and that I am with the whole 
family very Sincerely and very Respectfully 


Your most Obedient 

humble Servant 

I should Send an Express but that the 
Post Sets off early in the morning and 
will probably met your Express or 
Post from Johnson Hall 

Lines burned off. 

86 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. 5.1 

Schenectady the 27^^ April 1771 
Dear Sir 

I am favoured with yours of the 24^ Ins': by Doctor Con- 
stable with whom I have received the Deeds of the Lott for 
which I heartily thank you. Everry Improvement I make on 
this Ground I do it with much pleasure by reason of the fine 
Situation which I think Exceeds any in this place 

On Receiving your letter I immediatly Sent for a Constable 
& also some Others to Set them on the Look Out for those 
Gentlemen who came a way from you Vvithout takeing their 
leave; Yesterday I had Mr Byrn taken & Brought before, all 
he had to say for himself was that Mr Flood discharged him, 
which I knew to the Contrary — I gave the Constable a Strict 
charge to look well to him & disired him to Call on me in about 
an hour for a letter to you — but shortly After notwithstanding 
my charge the Constable came back & informed me he had 
made his Escape. I told the Constable he Should either find 
the man or be sent to Goal in his place 

I have discovered the French Mans Wife who Run away — 
but the Man himself keeps out of the Way — I was at the 
House my Self Where She keeps & made Some inquirey as 
if I wanted to hire him to Work. I asked hir what hir Husband 
Name was & She told me his name was Peter Forster — I have 
Spies out, & hope I shall be Able to have him taken 

When I left York there was no kind of news but Such as 
You See in the papers — if Lord Dunmore Continues in the 
Province he proposes paying you a Visit soon — Mr Wallace 
is to come up with him — I had Several letters lately from 
Mess"" Wade Kriser — they have Sent me an order for two 
Battoes of Articles — I am doubtfull wither they will make 

1 In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 87 

money or not — the One half of what they have Sent for is 
necessaries for their own Use — Amoung those things they 
mention two Barr'* Jamica Spirits — when I Send to thim I Shall 
Acquaint you — we have nothing here new only hurry & noise 
with Battoe men & Waggoners — I have been Obhg'd to pay 
Some 16/ pr load from Albany 

M"^* Campbell joins me in hir most Respectfull Compliments 
who am 

Dear Sir with great Sincerity yours upon all Occasions — 

Your verry Hble 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Major Campbells letter 
28'h. April 1771 — 

A. L. S. 

Sunday 28^^ April 1771 

Honoured Sir 

I Received Your favore of the 22 Ult as I have Mentioned 
before that Colb: Glen Is gone to New York who has Some of 
the accounts of the Company Concerned In Said Trackt But on 
his Returne the Accounts " : be Setteled & then ameadiatly Shall 
Send you a True Coppy. as for the Waggons I have Stopped 
that day not to Rid Eney More [ ] day the 26 I Sent of 

a battoe Lood to M"" fonda [ ] 4 bales N^ 1&8-1 1-41 

one Cask of Lead or [ ]ott 1 Quarter Cask powder 1 D° 

flints 1 Quarf^ bagg of Shott 2 barrels of pork & a Long Role 
of peeper I Suppose a Map from M"" Weatherhad but Know 
box with frutt trees to be found lesteroday in Albany, M"" John 

In Johnson's hand. 

88 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Stevenson of albany was here lesterday who tells me that he 
happoned to See Neoler and Asked him about the Leather 
bucketts who now nothing of them nor had not been in albany 
this 3 Years with his Sloop p"" the post I Send 8 Quarts of Grass 
Seed which I Sent Johnnie for in the Contery, I gite fear 
promises of the people of M"^ Currys bush and that is all but I 
Expect to have some tomarro for I hoop to lood a battoe tomarro 
I "am Sir Your Most Obediant 

And Humble Servant 

Jno B V Eps 
I hoop to Come & See you Thursday 


Sir William Johnson Barn" &c &c 
Johnson Hall 

The Bearer has also 
an Iron w^ Chruss 
which M"^ Stevenson 
ordered up 


April 28'h. 1771 — 

M^ Van Eps Letter 

DouwE Fonda's receipt 
A. D. S. 

CagnaWago Aprill the 29 1771 

Receved of Thomas Oargen A B botte Lood of Sir Willims 
Goeds" in goed Order 
■ DouwE Fonda 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^The goods hsted in the letter from Van Eps to Fonda April 26, 

Posl-lVar Period, 1763-1774 89 

A. L. S. 

N London 
Ap: 29^K 1771 
Dear Sir 

I never was so disapointed as writing to you from this Place 
it has disconcerted all my Schemes I was 15 day Confined to 
my room & have Scarcely been able to Stir out of the Yard or 
farther than the Garden — and what hurts me most is that I 
Cannot be at the Hall before the 20**^. of may being oblidged to 
attend the assembly of this Colony at Hartford the 1 5'^ day or 
perhaps Loose three hundred pound which tho' not so material 
to me is so to my Creditors who will be much inraged if I neglect 
the Cause — Col°. Fitch is just able to Crawl out we met yester- 
day half Way he begs his best Respects to you and all the 
Family I Can only present M"^* Chews & my own most dutifull 
Compliments to you and to assure you that I will not Loose a 
moment in paying them to you Personally The only day I was 
able to stir I went to Saybrook M"" M'^Curdy was gone to York 
what oats he Carryed to M"" Wallace to Whome he had my 
direction I Cant tell I Refused 1 00 Buss'' he had ordered went 
20 miles & got 35 or 40 which I got a Capt to take in and agreed 
w*** a man for Baggs &c w^'^ I wrote to M"" Wallace to Pay & 
hope by this time thay are with you — 

I hope the Seeds trees &c are arrived safe and am most 

Dear Sir 

Your most Dutifull 
Obed' Hble Servt 

Jos Chew 

90 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York 29'K Aprill 1771 
Hon'' Sir 

This being my third Letter & receiving no Answer, I thought 
Incumbent on me for the past favour you Confer'd on me, to 
Acquaint you of any thing to your prejudice, there is one M^ 
Taffe in Town who Impos'd Himself on the Gentlemen of this 
City to be a Nephew of Yours & I, Knowing to the Contrary 
thought it my Duty to give You the Earliest Notice, Hon'^. S'^, 
I still remain here as I've Mentioned in my Last Sometimes at 
work but four Days a Week Sometimes but two Other Weeks 
not one Day Still depending on an Ans^ from You what I shall 
do, for fear my Letter shou'd Miscarry I Likewise Gave Notice 
to M"" Weatherhead of M"". Taffe to put a Stop to his proceed- 
ings as he has receiv"^ many favours on your Ace', from the 
Gentlemen of this City as being Your Suposd Nephew, Work 
at the present is Dull but am Incourag'd by Some Masters here 
who tells me it will be plenty in about a Month From Your Most 
Oblidg'd Humble. Serv'. 

Peter Fitzsimons 

Hon^. Sir 

P. S. Your Ans^ by the first Opertunity directed to Abraham 
Rice at the uper end of Chapell Street wou'd Greatly Oblidge 
Y""*. to Command P. F. — 

A. L. S. 

Albany 30^^: April 1771 — 


Last Saturday I Rec^: from Nev/ York the Screw Plate you 
wanted and have given it to M"": Van Eps to forward to you 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 91 

which hope he has clone and that it is to your Hking, the Cost 
of it is 21/ which is Charged to your Account 

I am 

Your Most Obed'. 
& most ObHdged Humble 

John Stevenson 

A. L. S. 

Philad-. 30"'. April 1771 — 
Dear Sir 

Your fav*". of the 10''\ Ins', with Kanes Indenture inclosed 
Came to hand Just in time to prevent his going your way, as his 
wife had been here & petition'd the Court which Vv'as then siting 
& they granted her prayer to have liberty to go olf next day in 
the stage boat for N York which I prevented & had them 
order'd down to Virginia, where [they] are now gone unless 
they should Cross [ ]ntry which I Can hardly think 

they [will] after what I have said to them 

I am unhapy to think you are so often troubled v/ith such 
worthless fellows on account of your hospetalety to them the M^ 
Teaf I m.enti^. in one of my former lett'^^ has turnd out Just 
as I Expected, aft"^ takeing great liberties with your name & 
passing himself for your Nephew even before the Mayor who 
Called upon me to know the truth of his assertions, as he had 
been guilty of many misdemeaners, I soon done his business so 
as he wont be any trouble to you, as to the part I acted with 
regard to Kane, I thought it right on your Account as well as 
the Call of humanely as a person wants, his sight and altho a 
reprobate was much put upon before he Commited the late affair 
this was not the first time he Called upon me for relief under 
the name of your servant. 

92 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am much oblig'd for the information [given] me of my 
broth^ it gives me pleasure to hear he is likely to get his head 
above water again & hopes he'l always have a greatful sence 
of your assistance & kindness in passing over his past follys, I 
shall be glad on all Occasions to have it in my pow[er to 
ac]knowlege & return so great fav". and am [with] most 
respectful Compliments to you [and the] famely and 

Dear Sir 

Your most Oblig'd & 

Most Obed'. Humble Serv'. 

Fran^ Wade 
S« Will". Johnson Baron*. 

P. S. our governor now one of the proprietors sails this 
day for London. 


A. L. S. 

Albenny May U' 1771 — 

I Rec^. your Letter of 24*^ Aprill After M^ Fitzsimmonds 
Perused it I Being not at Home when the Post Came to Town 
Therefore must inform you that he set of for your Place 
Unknow to me and am sorry that I had not an Oppertunity to 
see him before he went off for you May Depend Upon it he 
should not Come up to the Hall at any Rate as I find it is 
Diagreeable to you had I seen him and have likewise Warn'd 
the Post Not to Assist him — 


I have sent the Billiard Table to Van Eps's which hope 
will Come safe to hand I have not to add but Remain — 


Hum^l. Serv* 

William Pemberton 
To Sir William Johnson Bar*. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 93 


Sir William Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall 
^ the Post Q D C^ 


Alby h' May 1772 

Pembertons letter 


A. L. 5.» 
[ ] London 4^h May 1771 

I am Honord with your much esteemd Favor of the 1** Feb^ 
last [ ]ning a Rem ^ Bill on Cox & C° Value Two 

hundred & Six pounds Sixteen Shillings & Eleven pence which 
met due Honor, & is in full Balance of Your Acco* — including 
M*" Roberts' Bill — I am sorry for Your disappointment in the 
Powder as also the other Articles — but hope they will arrive in 
in safety & to Your Satisfaction — Should You have occasion 
for a further demand of those Articles, I beg leave to Recomend 
as early advice as possible in order to prevent the like 
Unfortunate Circumstances. — 

I am very happy & much oblig'd by the opportunity You 
afford me of testifying my Regard, & You may be assur'd of 
my paying M"^ Wharton the Amount of the Fees, as soon as I 
hear the Grant is confirm'd — I shall wait on Lord Hilsborough, 
in a few days by appointment, & shall Know from Him, how that 
Matter is circumstanc'd, & if my little weight of Interest can add 

^ Quern dues conducat. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Missing parts supplied from copy in the Johnson manuscripts in New 
York State Library. 

94 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to the Scale & it should be thought by M"" Wharton to be want- 
ing — I will readily Employ it — It is generally imagin'd that 
there is a Prospect of a long uninterrupted Peace — indeed the 
Mode of our disarming, tends to Confirm it — in my opinion we 
shall Enjoy a State of Tranquillity no longer than till France 
is capable of disturbing [us — and that period may] be measur'd 
by the determination of their own [Intestine Troubles] the 
Chancellor of France who rules the Councils of the [King, is 
determined] to support His Pretensions — whilst the Parliament 
aided by [all the Princes] of the Blood persist in vindicating 
ther Privilidges — I should [not be] surpris'd to see a joint 
Army of Prussians & Germans avail themselves of the present 
confus'd State of affairs in France, & attack French Flanders. 

The Turks & Russians will open the Campaign this month, 
from which we may reasonably Expect to hear of Carn[age] for 
their dispute must soon draw on to a Crisis — I have thus given 
You my Sentiments which if they afford You any amusement 
v/ill answer my Expectations — 

I find that Lord North has resolv'd to support a Maritime 
Power of 25,000 Seamen & 5,000 Marines, who as He says will 
ever Secure us from a Sudden Attack from our Enemies & at 
same time Awe every other Nation — 

a Bill is brought into Parliament to give a Bounty on Staves 
& Heading — You may be assur'd it will pass — I shall do 
myself the pleasure of sending You the Act itself by Capt 
Munds, who proposes to depart in a Fortnight — 

[I was in great hopes] to have assisted M Grace in the India 
Direction, [but the House of Comm]ons have thrown out 
the Bill which empowered the India [Company to] raise & 
maintain a Body of Forces — I have spoke to [some] of my 
Friends in that Direction who promised to support Him. 

As to Lieu' Roberts, I fear much. He has been very indis- 
creet — His Memorial lays now before the Treasury, & but for 
the Regard paid by their Lordships to Your Name & Character, 
it would have been dismiss'd — as the Memorial wants a 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 95 

Support of Vouchers — I do believe He will get some Money 
on Ace' — 

Be assur'd. Sir William, I shall be happy in every opportunity 
of testifying my Regard & attention to Your Interest & that the 
more occasions You afford me for that purpose, the more You 
will oblige 


Your much obliged and 
very humble Servant 

John Blackburn 
P. S. 

I beg a tender of my best 
Respects to Sir John — 


lVIay4'h. 1771 

M^ Blackburn's letter 


A. L. S. 

[ ] Klnderhook 4th May 1 77 J — 

I wrote you about a week ago, acquainting you that the mili- 
tary [appoijntments in this quarter were attacked — Since which 
I have had two letters from my [ ] . by them it would 

Seem as if the Governor would not issue the Commission as 

Rensselaer" expected. — Though Re rs friends here are very 

industrious to propogate a story that he is actually reinstated in 
his former Command. I hope it is no more than a report, 
certain however it is that Rensselaer is returned from York and 
that One of his Sons has countenanced the Report. — Father 
would be very happy to hear from You upon this Subject and 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

' Lieutenant Colonel John Van Rensselaer. 

96 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 

he commands me to Assure You that he will (if any changes 
are proposed) adopt any mode of Conduct You shall think best. 
I remain 

Very Respectfully 
Your most Obliged & 
Most Obediant 

humble Servant 



In Doc. Rel. to Col Hist N. Y., 8:270, is a letter from the Earl 
of Hillsborough, declaring that the hostilities of the Indian nations among 
themselves are a full security against their molesting the whites and advis- 
ing Johnson not to enter into any combination with particular tribes. 
Dated May 4, 1771. 

A. L. S. 

Schlndy 6"- May 1771 
Honour'^. Sir 

This day I Sent a battoe Lood 
To M"" Fondas Care 

6 Bunches of Frute Trees 

3 Small boxes 

2 Ditto with flowers 

2 Dray Barrels & 

5 Ditto pork 

which I Dozyred M"" fonda to 
forward Amediatly Sir our Cind 
Complemts & am Your Most Obed' 

Humble Servant 

Jn" B V Eps 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 97 



Sir William Johnson Bar'. &c &c 
Johnson Hall 


May 6'^ 1771 — 

M^ Van Eps letter 
W'*^. acd of Sundrys — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 485, under Schenectady, May 6, 1771, 
is entered a collection of copies of testimonials of S. Finley (Nottingham, 
October 2, 1756), Robt Smith (Pequea, February 19, 1757), the 
Jersey College at Prince-Town (Philad'a, March 10, 1759) and Peter 
R't Livingston to the learning and good habits of William Hanna; testi- 
monial of Jonathan Lee, pastor of Church of Christ in Salisbury (May 
24, 1760) to membership and standing; of Jonathan Lee to hcensure 
as a preacher; and of John McCrea, John Munro and Rob't Henry, 
elders of the Presbyterian church in Albany, to an acceptable ministry 
[Inclosed in letter from William Hanna, May 8, 177L] (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:447^49; Q, 4:279-80.) 


A. L. S. 

N York May 6 1771 

I ] 

Since My last Letter two pacquets have arrived with the Feb 
& March Mails, the intelligence by the former had been antici- 
pated by advices via Philadelphia & Boston and the latter has 
brought little or nothing new. 

L^ George Machartney, married to Lord Butes daughter, set 
out about y^ 5 of March very privately for Madrid, the General 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

98 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Opinion is that things will not be long in a pacific way. The 
Ambassadors of France & Spain have had some warm Alter- 
cation with our Ministry, the Stocks have fallen considerably 
very lately and yet notwithstanding these Circumstances, They 
have ordered Recruiting & pressing to be stopped and the army 
to be reduced to its former Establishment. — 

The very justly Celebrated D Lowth Bishop of Oxford in a 
Sermon before the Society for propagating the Gospell in foreign 
parts has expressed himself with vast Respect of Sir William 
Johnsons Gracious Endeavors to second the Intentions of their 
Society in America. The Sermon is printing and I will send it 
up as soon as I receive it. I saw a paragraph mentioning it in 
the London papers. 

Our Governor Lord Dunmore is determined not to leave us 
untill he finds his application to remain here, may not be com- 
plied with. Col Martin is preparing to go to N° Carolina but 
has been detained by an operation for a Fistula 

I beg my humble [ ] Sir John, the Colonel 

[ ] friend Cap* M^Leod. 

I am 

Sir William, 

Your most obedient & 
obliged Servant , 

Ja Rivington 


Schenectady May 8^^ JJJ] 

In Consequence of the last favour I requested of you, & the 
Answer You was please to give, I have made free to inclose a 
Number of Certificates which certify of my Moral & Religious 
Character ever since I was sixteen Years of Age: & all from 
Persons of Integrity, & who are generally well known to be such. 


From a painting by an unknown artist, owned by New York 
Historical Society, New York City 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 99 

& also Copies of the same in Order that you might if You 
thought proper transmit the Copy to those Gentlemen, or any 
one of them, & You have it now in Your Power to let them know 
You have seen the Originals. The Reason of so doing is because 
I'm intirely unknown to Doctor Akmuty' & M^ English & but 
very Slitely acquainted with Doctor Cooper." However I have 
had the Honour of a Degree of A. M. from Doctor Cooper so 
that he must know Something of my Character. I would beg 
leave to Observe that if the Gentlemen you mentioned are obliged 
to depend on general Inquiry concerning my Character its 
possible my Character might Suffer by the same, for altho the 
Presbyterians were loud in my Praise when I officiated as a amongst them, yet I could find that immediately on 
my leaving them, they were as loud in Slander to which I am 
sory to say it, they are in general too much adicted. But Still 
I leave the whole Affair to Your Judgment & beg you would 
send the Copies inclosed, or not, as may appear most proper to 
You ; Please Seal & remit the Originals to me again. That God 
may long preserve your Life in a good State of Health is the 
Sincere Wish & Desire of him who is 

Honourable & worthy Sir 

Your Sincere Friend & Welwisher 

W": Hanna 
To the honourable 
Sir William Johnston Bar'. 


MayS'h. 1771 — 

M'. Hannas Letter 
with Inclosures — 
Ans^. May 24*^ — 

^ Samuel Auchmuty. 

^ Myles Cooper, President of Kings College. 

100 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. Df. 5.1 

Johnson Hall May 9"'. 1771 
[My Lord] 

The occasion of my giving You this trouble at present, is 
owing to information I have received that M^ Ranslear" has made 
appHcation for a Regiment of Militia v^hich may from some 
peculiar Circumstances produce many inconveniencies. — to 
prevent which it is my Duty to say something on the Subject, for 
altho I have not the least Objection to his appointment where it 
does not operate to the creating disputes in the Country, I think 
it indispensably necessary as Major General of the District to 
use my Endeavours that Your Lordship should not be deceived 
'thro Misrepresentations, on which I can truely Assure You of 
my Impartiality, as I have none of those Connections or narrow 
views to misguide me, which influence many others on this 
head. — Upon the forming the Militia in 1 768 as it now Stands, 
M^ Ranslear obtained a Co'^ Commission for a Regiment of 
Militia foot, for that part of the Mannor of Ranslear which lyes 
at Claverack, & with it (as I understand) Blank Commissions 
for the Inferior Officers for twenty Companies, most of which 
were Antedated, and some countersigned by Ph. Livingston 
Jun^ as Secry during the life of M^ French his Predecessor, & 
some Months before the former came into Office, which Com- 
missions were distributed about March I 769, and many of them 
delivered to Persons living on the contested Lands [within the 
Claim of ] Kinderhook, the Proprietors of which [w^re greatly 
alarmed Judging] therefrom, and from other Circumstances, 
[which can be more fully] enlarged upon, that it wa^ done with 
[a View to favor Claims set] up by M^ Ranslear against them 
[& establishing a precedent] of their Acquiescence therewith, 
which [I could not but consider as] a prostitution of the Royal 

1 Missing parts supplied from copy in the Johnson manuscripts in New 
York State Library. 

- Lieutenant Colonel John Van Rensselaer. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 101 

Comiss" to the worst purposes, & accordingly on repeated applica- 
tions from sundry verry Respectable Persons of that Township, I 
made Sir H. Moore acquainted with it, who seemed concerned 
at the imposition on [him] and desired me to transmit him what 
they had to offer against it, which I accordingly did, as they 
did also by Petition, but [his] Death which happened verry 
Soon after prevented their obtaining Rehef. They thereupon 
applied to the L'. Governour, who taking the Same into con- 
sideration, formed Two Regiments out of the whole Claims of 
Kinderhook & Claverack, but without any Words or Description 
that could in any wise favour the Pretensions of either; the One 
of These He gave to Col°. Vanschaak, & the other he offered, 
thus altered, to M^ Ranslear, who rejected it with Scorn, and 
wrote a verry extraordinary letter to the L'. Govern"^ upon the 
occasion, positively declining it, unless on the former footing, & 
unless he had the sole appointment of all his Officers, In conse- 
quence of which Cap', Jeremiah Hogeboom, a Man of Substance 
& Credit who had been 20 Years in that Station, was appointed 
Co', of the Claverack Regiment, in w"^. manner it has since stood 
to the entire satisfaction of all disinterested Persons. I ought 
here to Observe to your Lordship that Sir H. Moore having 
taken into Consideration the State of the Militia of this Province 
which had been long neglected, in so much that some Regiments 
were more than doubled since their formation, & that of Albany 
in particular exceeded 6000 Men 'for which reason they could 
not be assembled or disciplined without much Murmuring & 
Manifest Inconvenience to the People, [he very Judiciously] 
formed the whole into Two Brigades, [& divided those over- 
grown] Regiments, by forming Several out [of each ] 
[to consist] of from 500, to 1000 Men, & each to be [com- 
posed of 10] companies, So that the Forming one for M"" 
Ranslear [of 20 Companies] was contrary to his own Plan, & 
must be Attributed [to an oversight], which Sir H. Moore was 
Sorry for, & purposed to Alter [it This] with many would 
have been a reasonable Objection, when we consider that it had 
from the words of his Boundary, [& the] distribution of the 

102 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Commissions a plain tendency to establish, or at least to favour 
Claims long in dispute, and as yet undecided, the Impropriety 
of it must appear in the Strongest light. — I have therefore taken 
the liberty to lay these heads briefly before Your Lordship, That 
in case M^ Ranslear has applied for a Regiment according to 
that Description, You may be apprized of these Circumstances, 
and that the only convenient Division betv^een the Kinderhook 
& Claverack Regiment is (as now) by a Line due East from the 
first falls in Kinderhook Creek to the Bounds of y^. Province, 
which leaves a Sufficient Number of Men for a Regiment on 
Each Side, and cannot be construed to favour any private views 
or pretensions. I am convinced that I have none in this Matter, 
but v.'hat arises from its propriety, which I conceive it to be my 
Duty to represent, and I hope to be honoured with your Lord- 
ships Commands, as it is necessary I should be acquainted with 
your Determination thereon. 

Your Lordship Should have been furnished long since with a 
general Return of the Militia under my Command, but that some 
of the Regiments have not as yet sent in their Returns, 'tho 
repeatedly ordered to do so. This Remissness with many other 
particulars deserves attention, & require the Aid of new Laws 
for their Remedy, more especially as this Province from its 
Situation & Circumstances seems to require a well regulated and 
disciplined Militia. — I have the Honour to be with much 

My Lord, 

Your Lordships Most Obedient 

& most Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
The Right Honourable 
the Earl of Dunmore. — 


May 9, 1771 

Letter from Sir William 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 103 

A. L. S. 

Schenectady ll^K May 1771 
Honoured Sir 

By the post Calleger comes 2 lb of Glue and Six pair of 
Wosted Stockins for the Children 

Yesterday I sent a Battoe load to M^ Fondas, as you have 
at Foot 

Thursday last I sent my waggon to Alby for the Oats, but 
M^ Peter Dox cou'd not git at the Oats, & this day I Sent my 
waggon again & my waggon brought three Verry large Baggs & 
I Expect the Rest, So that I shall send it off a Monday I 
Remain with kind Complime[n] ts Sir 

Your most 

Obed* humb' 
Sir William Johnson Jn^ B. .V. Eps 

The Battoe load 

1 Barl pork 

1 Cask Shott 

3 Bales N° 40-5-9-10 
23 Barss Iron 

1 Raspe 


The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 

May ll'K 1771 — 

M^ J". B. Van Eps Letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

104 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

N York May 13 1771 
[ ] William 

Many Distractions have arisen in London, the Mayor, Crosby, 
with two Aldermen, Wickes & OHvar have flown in the face of 
the House of Commons ordering their Messenger to be comitted 
to prison for executing the orders of the Speaker, this has 
occasioned the Mayor & OHver to be summoned to attend in 
their places as members of parliament which has been done twice 
amidst the Acclamations of Multitudes, but their Fate has not 
yet been determined which is expected will be a Comittment to 
the Tower or an expulsion; Wickes would not attend as the 
summons did not deem him a Member of Parhament. 

Things go on but lamely with France & Spain, they have 
demanded that we should disarm our fleets & other forces and 
at same time have each sent a Squadron of Ships which have 
joined, up to the Aid of the [ ] in the Archipelago, 

which produced a Renewal of Press Warrants on y^ 19 January. 
The Swedes & Danes are going to War, the Dutch are pre- 
paring a Land & Naval force with great diligence so that an 
Universal War seems inevitable. 

I am 

Sir William, 

Your most faithfull Serv' 

Ja Rivington 



William Johnson Bar* 


Johnson Hall 



; Letter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 105 


A. L. S. 

Fort Sianwix 
May 16'K 1771 

[ ] 

[ ] ure to take this Occasion to return you my most 

[ ] ere Thanks for all your Honor's Favours, and the 

[ ] were pleas'd to shew me. L^ Galland upon 

[ ] ors Letter assured me, that he would do everything 

[ ] me or any Person you would recommend, but 

there is very little in the poor old Gentlemans Power, as he is 
quite debilitated and for those few Days past intirely confin'd to 
his bed, which imagine is the reason of his been so much 
despis'd by the Set who live here — 

Three of the Chiefs of the Oneidas came here shortly after 
Stephanus had returned from Johnson Hall, and gave me a 
Name, Awhawhoana or the Great Road, they were very cere- 
monious upon the Occasion, and promis'd they would be friendly 
and assisting to me, for that they understood that had been 
recommended by your Honour, and therefore expected I would 
be just and kind to them, and indeed intend to be so, and 
hope your Honour will please to speak favourably of me to 
them. The Oneidas have sent three Messengers to Stephanus 
lately importuning him to attend at a Congress, to which he 
went, and at his return told me that that Consultation was 
Occasioned by a Displeasure M^ Kirkland had given the Indians 
by refusing to baptize and marry some of their people : I cannot 
rightly learn the Cause of M^ Kirklands Refusal, but presume 
the Bearer will inform your Honour more satisfactorily. The 
people here who would naturally be willing to discourage any 
Person in my Way, are now spirited to oppose me in everything 
by M^ Phynn and Ellices Orders for Transportation of their 
own Goods and Those of Commodor Grant being directed to 
the Waggoners of Old Standing at Fort Stanwix, which 

106 Sir William Johnson Papers 

excludes me from any Share I might otherwise have in carry*, 
them over, but nevertheless shall have my proportion of what 
is to be made by riding — As I do not expect to return 'till Fall 
am under the necessity of beging that Your Honor will Please 
to pay unto M^ Steel the Remainder of my Salary, cannot tell 
how much is coming to me, as have not [ ] 

yet, but believe it is about £ 1 5 . . . . [ ] 

Honour will please to allow me for [ ] 

Year. M^ Steel will wait of your [ ] 

I hope Sir you will be kind as to give [ ] 

Peter and the Children and I am 

with the Greatest Resp[ect] 
Your Honour's 

most obedient and 
very Humble Serv' 

Edw"^. Wall 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


The Honour [able] 
Sir William [Johnson] 


May \6'^ 1771 — 

M^ Edward Walls letter 
rec"^. 20'^. ^ an Indian 
Ans--^. 22^. — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 107 


A. L. 5. 

Schenectady ^ 

TT c 18^^- May 1771 

HoNOURD Sir ^ > 

This comes to Acquaint your Honour that I have sent a 
Battoe Load to Cagnawagoe last Tuesday, the perticulars are 
Mentioned at Foot, here is Nothing else, but a hogshed of Rum 

The bearor has Six Quarts of timoty Seed which M*^. M*^. 
Master brought from Curies Bush last Wensday 

I had Expected an Answer to the last Years Bill, as I pay 
Intrest to M"". Golden for my Share of the pattent wich I am not 
use to pay Such 

I am Sir Your 
Most Obd'. 

Hum'''. Serv'. 



The battoe load (Viz) 

3 Bales Blankets & Slrowds N^ 1. 42, 44. 

1 Cagg of Lead 

1 D°. Flints 

4 Large Baggs of Oats. 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 



The Honourab^ 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


Johnson Hall 


May I8'^ 1771 Letter from 

J". B V Eps Esq^ 

In Johnson's hand. 

108 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. 5. 

New York May 21; 1771 


About four weeks Ago The Sheriff of Albany was with Me 
Desiring to Know the Reason why I had not Answered your 
Letter to Me Relating the Affairs of Gilbert Tice, I made 
Answer to him That I Never had the Honour of A Line from 
you, but Imagining it Might Be directed to Dirck Brinckerhoff 
Jun^ who is Also A Creditor of His, I Went to His House to 
Inquire If he had Received a Letter from you, which He 
Assured Me he had not, Since which On the 18'^^. Instant, he 
Received a Letter from you Dated Feb'^y. 1771, which he 

Communicated to Me And Observing The Contents find you 
Intreat for a Stoppage of Proceedings Against Him Untill Such 
Tim.e as The Division of Lands is Made In the Patent Wherein 
he Is Concerned to The Amount of 1000 Acres near the 
Mohawks River On the Road to Schoharrie, and That he 
Intends to Convey the Same to his Creditors, This he Advised 
myself and The Rest of his Creditors of When he was Last in 
Town, but a Good deal of Time haveing Elapsed Since That 
and not Hearing any Farther of It Made me Take the steps 
I did, what To Say In Regard To Takeing the Lands for Pay- 
ment I Cannot Say being at a distance And not haveing The 
Means of being Properly Informed of Their Value, and So 
Many Tracts being to be had all about The Country, Makes 
The Turning Them Into Cash Speedily Difficult, my debt has 
been of a Long Standing Ever Since the year 1 762, Since which 
on M"". Tices Pleading Poverty and Assurances By Word and 
Letters of Paying Me the Debt with Interest, he has prevailed 
With Me and the Rest of His Creditors at Three Different 
Times to Give him a Letter of Licence and Still Seeing no 
Prospect of Getting my debt and Hearing he was In A Good 
way of Business made Me Arrest him in Order To Oblidge 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 109 

him to pay Me as I thought he had a Mind to Keep it off — 
The Debt he Contracted with Me Commenced 1 762 October 
b». for £94. .0. .334 With Interest After 12 Months which 
being Calculated To This day Amounts to £ 1 44 . . 6 . . 5 And 
If he will Give Me Such Security as I Approve of I Will Abate 
the Sum of Twelve and a half Per Cent from the Principall 
and Interest Which will Bring it To the Sum of £ 1 26 . . 5 . . 7|/2 
and upon Paying The Cost will waite For the Same untill The 
first day of November Next, I Thinck M^ Tice has had Much 
Indulgence from myself and The Rest of his Creditors and If I 
am not Misinformed might Long Ere now have Paid us The 
Greatest Part If not The Whole of his Debt, I thinck he has 
Not Acted with Gratitude for the Many Indulgences he has 
had from us — 

I am now Sir to Acquaint you That I am Concerned In a 
Tract of Land which I am Informed you are Also Interested 
In. In February or March Last The Patentents Came to An 
Agreement at Schonactoda to Make a Division of Said Tract 
and did Accordingly Ballet for The Same [ ] Lotts 

Fell to my Share a Gore of Land which is Adjoyning to a Patent 
of [ ] Occasioned as I am Informed by not Observing 

the Variation at The Time [ ] Running The Outlines of 

the Patent. Coll°. Glen has been with me and [ ] Me 

you are Willing to Exchange any of your Lotts of Equall 
Goodness Our Patent with Me for The Gore I have drawn. 
If So Should be Glad [to have] The Honour of a Line from 
you, And as N°. 44 or N°. 30 is Adjoyning, or near one of My 
L[otts] Shall be Glad to Know Whether it is Agreeable to 
you to Exchange one of The Same for the Gore, if so Shall 
Direct the Persons who have the Management of the Generall 
Release to Change The Names of the Numbers, I am your 

Most Hbb. Serv*- 

DiRCK Brinckerhoff 

1 1 Sir William Johnson Papers 

P. s. 

M"" Dirck Brinckerhoff Jun^ 
Agrees to the Same In Regard to 
M^ Tice as I do and desired me 
To Mention it In My Letter — 


The Hon'''^- Sir William Johnson Baronet 


The Hon^'^ 

Sir WilHam Johnson Bar'. 
Johnson Hall 

N York 21^' May 1771 

M^ Brinckerhoffs letter 
Ans^. June 27th and 
recommended the taking the 
Lands for the debt, 
but declined the Gore behind 
Kingsland. — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 486 is listed a letter- of May 24, 1 771, 
to Rev. Dr Auchmuty, concerning William Hanna's desire to take orders 
in the Church of England. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:446-47.) 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 111 


Johnson hall May 24^^ 1771. 
Dear Sir 

Since my Letter of the 18'^ April I have been favored with 
yours of the 15*^ of that Month, and must confess that those 
Expences incurred thro' my Orders in the Ind" Department will 
fall within my accotS but I really thought that the acco*. you 
mention was incurred by Order of Capt Edmonstone" from an 
Opinion that the Service required it on wch Principle I have 
paid Similar accot^ I have since paid the acct to M"^ Croghans 
Order, and also have received another Letter from him with 
farther Intelligence, which I presume has been transmitted like- 
wise to you & therefore shall only observe upon it that I find 
that this Scheme of the Indians seems somewhat disconcerted and 
as I hear that some of the Nations are already arrived at Scioto 
to attend the Northern Deputies I hope to hear something more 
favorable shortly concerning their Negociations than has been 
represented: — Some Indians are now here who tell me that some 
parties who went to the Southward are returned with Some 
Scalps given them by the Cherokees that were formerly taken 
from the Chactaws &ca which according to the Indian Custom 
obliged them to come back — They are full of the News of a 
War between the French, Spaniards, & English, and it is easy 
to discover the inclination of each of them from the manner in 
which This Story is related : — probably a War may shortly 
break out, for Indeed I do not think the Convention^ carries an 

^ In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

^ Captain Charles Edmonstone, of the 1 8th regiment, in command at 
Fort Pitt. 

^ An agreement between England and Spain, attained in January 1771, 
by which a war over the possession of the Falkland islands was averted. 

1 1 2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Aspect of peace at least of any duration. — I have only at 
present to add that I am allways with true regard Dear Sir &c 

I understand that all was well at F' Chartres at the return of 
an Ind". from thence. 

His Excell^y. 
L^. Gen^^. Gage. 


Johnson hall May 25'K 1771 — 

I have received your favor of the 25'^, Feby, & I hope you 
have long since mine of the First of that Month wherein I 
inclosed a Bill for the ball^^ of my Acco'. and for Lieu'. 
Robert's Draft making in all £ 206 . . 1 6 . . 1 1 . I now inclose 
you a List of a few articles which occur to me at present which 
I hope you wall procure good in their kinds. The Spectacles in 
particular are of so much use to me especially for Shooting that 
I would willingly be nice in the choice of them. — So Soon as I 
have occasion for giving you a more Valuable Commission you 
may be assured of it. In the meantime I now Enclose 
you bills to the amo*. of £ 204 . . 7 . . 9 to defray the 
Expences of my proportion of the Ohio Tract as mentioned in 
my last, and whatever Surplus remains to be placed to my 

I remember Lieut Roberts had an Accot of Expences which 
was tendered to Gen' Gage ammounting to upwards of £ 1 00, 
but the General declined paying it, & I believe he had been put 
to some Charges from a Suit commenced by a Trader ag' him 
as to any other demands on Government which he may have I 
am not acquainted with them Sufficiently I am sorry to find by 
your letter and other Acco'* received from England that there 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 113 

is reason to apprehend he has given way to some Extravagances 
and Sincerely wish they may not lead him too far. I know that 
I should be glad that you could get him to pay you the £ 1 00, 
on my Acco* as I have such constant demands for money, that 
it is by no means Convenient for me to be out of it. 

I think with you that from the present posture of Affairs there 
is reason to Suppose that we shall not be long at peace. The 
keeping up the Navy (which indeed is a very wise measure) is a 
farther Indication of it. The late prospect of an Imediate 
War has been artfully transmitted to the Indians & Circulated 
amongst them with many Additions, so as to alarm our Friends 
and increase the Number of the discontended, & disaffected, who 
are easily inclined to think that by Joyning in the Quarrell, 
the [ ] in America, and that then they 

will partake of those [ ] which that Nation 

lavished upon them for many a year [ ] 

Before this reaches you the State of Affairs Abroad [ ] 

may be in some degree changed, and I shall be glad that 
[ ] any thing occurrs relative to either, you will 

favor me with [ ] at any time which will allways 

be very agreable to me.^ 

If you find that M^ Wharton &ca are not likely to Succeed 
In getting the Grant for Land along the Ohio, Then I would 
have you Send me Such Articles for the Amount of the Bills 
as are mentioned in y^. Memorandum. At any rate you will 
please to Send me y^. five first Articles mentioned therein & 
that as Soon as you can. 

20 p^Strouds 72. 

5 p*. of penniston 25 . 

2 D°. of red striped Blank* 6. 

3 p^ Rose Blk*« 3. 

2 Cotton Covers for Beds 2 . 


From this point to the end the document is in Johnson's hand. 

1 1 4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

2 p^ of Good Holland for Shirting 
w*'\ Cambrick &ca 11.. 

1 p^ of Stout blew Cloath for Mens 
Wear with blew Shalloon & Hair for D°. 22 ... 4 

£142. ..4 

Blew Strouds & flowered Serge 

for the Remainder 

& yellow flannel — 

1 Groce of Spa water — 

M"" John Blackburn 


May 25»h. 1771 

[ ] M"^. John Blackburn 

[ ] London. — 

A. L. S. 

Johnson [Hall May 25, 1771] 

M«. Adems/ 

In my Memorandum [ ] 

following Articles which I [ ] 

Me, Viz*. One thousand [ of Long Island or] 

Cowpen Tobacco in Leaf for the u[se of the Indians] 
2 Dozen of Buckhorn Knives & For[ks of the] Sort for my 
own Table & 2 Boxes of Sperma[cetti] Candles, and a Ten 
Gallon Gag of the best & strong [est] white wine Vinegar You 
can get, as I have none that is worth a farthing, the Barrel 
w^. M^ Wetherhead Sent me some little time ago is y^. worst 
I ever tasted. — pray ask him for the leather Buckets w^. he has 
charged me near £12 for. Surely If I dont get them. He 
ought to refund the money. — In case You could meet with a 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 115 

Bargain, of Wine, as I think you were telling me you d[id] 
last year, I would in that case (provided it was good) have 
You buy for me a few pipes of Madeira Wine; if you can get 
me 6 pipes for £200, I would have you purchase it. for the 
payment of w^., I inclose You a Bill on M^ Mortier, and 
Should You not meet with Wine at that price, bring me the 
money in Dollars & Small Silver, w^. I want much, wishing you 
Success, & Safe back I remain Y". as ever. 

M"' Robert Adems W. Johnson 


Johnson Hall 2 H' May 1771 

From Sir W"". Johnson Bar' 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 486, under date of the 27th of May, is 
tered Johnson's receipt for 
Mortier. Destroyed by fire. 

entered Johnson's receipt for 11,054 ?^^ dollars received of Abraham 


A. L. S. 

London ZS^K May 1771. 
[Sir W"] Johnson, Bar*. 

The Executors of S"". W"^. Baker Receiv'd your favour of 2^. 
July last with a Remittance for £435. .Sts. & the 22^. ult°. 
I Receiv'd your letter of 3 1 ^'. Jan-^y. with a Bill ^ £ 500 both 
which have been paid & placed to your Account, as also £80 
paid to M^ Blackburn. These three Sums with the Balance 
of your last Acco'. Curr*. which you acknowledge in Letter 2^. 
July to be right, make the State of your present Account. The 
Dividends on your £2600 Consolidated 3 ^ Cent Annuities 
have not been receiv'd since my Father's Death, because, the 

1 1 6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Stock Standing in your name, no one can receive them with out 
a Power from you, nor could my Brothers or I with Propriety 
lay out what was due to you in Purchasing additional Stock to 
be transfer'd (like what you now have) into your name, because 
we cannot accept the Transfer without a Power of Attorney; 
I therefore now take the Liberty of inclosing a Blank one from 
the Bank which, if you fill it up With my name, will enable me 
to Accept & receive Divid^ for you, & I will do it with pleasure. 
If you chuse to enable me to Sell, you may particularly write 
it in the Body of the Letter of Attorney, observing to have Your 
Witnesses properly described. — My Reason of Offering my 
name only is. Every Person mention'd in a power being oblig'd 
to Sign an Acceptance & Transfer, It will be less trouble for 
one person & less for me than my Brothers, but if you think 
the Addition of their Names will be Additional Security or 
Convenience to you, you will please to insert them, as they would 
be glad to do all in their Power to Serve any old Acquaintance 
of their Late Father. 

I am 

Your most Obed' Serv'. 

Sam^. Baker 


Sir William Johnson Bar*, 
at Johnson Hall — Albany 
New York 
^ Cap* Munds 


London 28'h May 1771 

M^ Sam'. Bakers Letter 
with an Inclosure 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 117 



Extract of a Letter from Captain Turnbull to General Gage 

Dated Missilimackinac May 29^^ 1771 

There is one Bruce a Trader at the Mississippi who had been 
Plundered at this Post in 1763 by the Grand Sauteu, one of 
the most Mischievous Indians that ever was in this Country. 
Bruce being Desperate durst not come in for fear of his Creditors, 
and being recieved a Chief amongst the Foxes he has settled 

The Grand Sauteu fled from a very different Motive, he was 
so sensible of his Guilt that he never durst Venture near an 
English Garrison, and continued to Plunder and kill the English 
wherever he could meet them. In short, last Fall Bruce headed 
a Party of the Foxes, who went and killed him. 

Some Chippewas had been to War last Year against the Sieux 
and in a mistake killed Two of the Foxes this Winter, and the 
Foxes have killed Two Chippewas near Milliwaki on Lake 
Michigan; the Chippewas going to Revenge the Quarrel make 
a Mistake and killed a Puan, if their little differences could be 
made up it would be a great Advantage to the Traders. 

The Ottewas from Arbre Croche has been here and shewed me 
a Belt they recieved this Winter from S^ William [ ] 

they might remain quiet at their [ ] 

not go to War ; they likewise shewed me [ ] 

they had got from the Poutetamies Expressing their fear of being 
Attackt by the Shawanese and Delawares, begging that the 
Ottewas would in such case recieve their Women and Children 
into their Village, as they were all Relations, being intermarry'd 
with one another. 

I told them. Humanity excused their recieving Women and 
Children who were their near Relations, but desired they might 
take no further part in the Quarrel, that the Poutetamies bad 

1 1 8 Sir William Johnson Papers 

behaviour had very hkely brought this upon them; Which all 
Indians ought to take Example of. 


Extract of a Letter from 

Captain Turnbull to 

General Gage 


Missilimakinac May 29»^ 1771 


A. L. S. 

[Niagara] May the 29, 1771.— 
Dear Sir W-^. 

On my way to this post I was favoured with yours of the 1 2'^ 
Uit. had I been at Teronto on the Recp'. thereof, you should 
have had an Exact Account of What Goods we have On hand, 
as Well as peltry, furrs, & skins, a list of which I have brought 
with me, a Copy of v/hich you have Inclosed, dont be the Least 
Dubious, for you may be Assured Sir (Except some Extrarrarary 
Accident happens) I will Lose my Life before you shall be a 
shilling out of pocket by Us, and I have the Vanity to think I 
have a Little turn for trade & I am sure pains & trouble I dont 
spare, as to frugality we Cant be Otherwise. — the Indians 
still behave friendly to Us and begs we will Continue Among 
them, we have Allready Attracted a Good Number of them 
from the french that is back of Us and the Indians is Verry much 
pleased at our selling so Cheap they have All Assured us the 
Whole body Intends Coming to our hou[se ] thing 

that will run Away with the trade from [us] is rum without 
plenty of that you Cant sell your Merch [ ] have that 

and an Assortment & there is no fear of [ ] In this 

Quarter, for there is Verry Rich Indians Near hear. — We 
Acquainted you of Our Writing to M^ Campbell for Goods & 


Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 119 

of Our sending some packs to him, An Exact Account of which 
I Cant send without Looking In Our book, but I imagine the 
Ballance Due him may be about £ 200. — & we Owe with what 
rum I shall take now at this post £84. the rest we have paid 
Last fall which might be near £ 200. — which has been a great 
Loss to Us, but was Unavoidable, that is all the Dealings we 
have, we at Least thought M^ Campbell would have wrote us 
what we might depend on. the Disapointment of our boats not 
Coming will I am Certain be an Incredeble Loss to Us, & per- 
haps the means of Attracting the Indians to Niagara where they 
will be spoiled, few of the Indians who Deal with us Ever goes 
to Niagara. 

Be Assured Sir, we shall deal with no One without Consulting 
you. Except for triffles we Cant Do without that we must have 
from this place, for my part I am [de]termined never to do Any 
One Action to forfeit your [Es]teem Again. Everry Skin we 
get we shall send to you [to] Dispose of As you think proper, 
and Notwithstanding the Disadvantages we have Laboured 
Under, I am sure we will make better Remittances than Any 
traders. In the Communication this Verry month & beginning 
of next is the Chief trade of the Whole year, we have No way 
of sending our furrs down without geting a boat from hear. I 
intend Leaving Directions with M^ Pollard to send Us a boat 
as soon as Any Comes us. the Battoe Men will be Glad of 
the job. — you mention that In Case of Warr it would not be 
prudent to Continue hear nor to go by the Way of Niagara. 
we have no way to Get Away, our battoe is bad & we have as 
much Goods as would fill 3 boats. It [is] not so Easy as You 
Imagine moving from hear. — as farr as In Our powers we will 
follow any Orders you please to Send Us. — the Caution you 
gave Us about Giving or Receiving [ ] we shall 

Observe. Indeed we never done it, all tho' [ ] Indians 

has brought strings to Us, for its not Our Inte[ ] as sure 

as you Receive One the[y] beg for something. [ ] 

Allways told we were no Great Men & Could [ ] Speak 

120 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to them by wampum. Indeed we gave One [ ] 

Acquainting tliem that if nothing happened to p[revent] you, 
you Intended to hold a meeting this summer [at] Niagara, its 
Gone farr & near, an Indian has Come [ ] Days March 

to Ask Us. they are All rejoiced in Expectation of it. — On my 
Return shall send you an Exact Account of Goods we have On 
hands then youll be Convinced we are Making. — I am Glad 
to hear My B^ Frank is Well & Wishes him prosperity on Ace", 
of his family, but I keep up no Correspondence with him. My 
Reasons I will give you Sir, in a private Letter on my Return. 
Vv'e Indeavour all we Can to procure you Curiositys. we seen 
none Except Otter & Beaver pouches, one great Curiosity we 
have for you which is a White Otter, it Differs nothing from 
Another but In the Colour. I dont know whether you Ever saw 
One, for the most of the Indians we have shown it to says they 
never did. — [ ] is the right time to get Matts we 

will [ ] two made. — My Compliments to Sir 

[ and the res]t of the Family, believe I Ever shall be 

with Gratitude. 

My Dear Sir W-". 

Your Most Obhdged Humble 
Servant. — 

Ferrall Wade. 
P.S. I Arrived hear 
Yesterday In a bark 
Cannoe, & sets of Again 
as soon as I finish my Letters 
I have wrote Funda and has 
Directed him to show you what 

we wrote for. We have had no provisions only what we get 
from the Indians this tvv^o Months. — 

963 '^ of Beaver We shall want no more Expensive 

800 W' Leather Goods this year 
101 Otters 450 

231 Martins 150 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 


18 Minks 
3 1 fishers 

3 Wolfs 

6 Ratts 

120 Raccoons 
440 Ratts or 

40 Bear Skins 










The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
At Johnson Hall 


Ferral Wades letter 
May29'»'. & 7*^^ June 1771 


A. D. S. 

[ ]ment D' 

To pay as Deputy Agent in the ^ 
department of Indian Affairs in 
1771 North America for Six Months 
Commencing the 14'''. March 
1771 & ending the 13^. Sep', folk 
at £200 1^ Ann-" 



^ In Johnson's hand. 

122 Sir JVilUam Johnson Papers 

Philidelphia / June 1771 

Please to pay M^ William M'^.adam to order the above 
mentiond Sum of one hundred pounds Army Currency, as it 
may become due to me from Goverment, having Signed Two 
bills of the Same tenor & Date 

I am Sir 

Your very humble Serv^ 



the Honble 

Sir William Johnson Bar*- 

A. L. S.i 

Closter in the River 5'. Maries Lake 
Superiour /*'. June 1771 — 

[ ] Johnson Baronet 


After begging your Pardon for the repeated trouble which I 
give you. Considering myself bound to write you the following 
Letter, I shall have the honour Without further preamble to 
inform You. — That some Days agoe I received a Letter from 
Gen'. Gage dated 25*^. Sep^ last, wherein in consequence of his 
information from the Commands officer at Michilimakinac, he 
blames me for having inclosed this house and yard for building 

^ With Alexander Baxter's letter was inclosed a copy of a report of 
a council between Henry Bostwick and others with the Chepawaa nation 
June 30, I 769, at MichiHmakinac. Printed in The Papers of Sir Wil- 
liam Johnson, 7:48. See Johnson Calendar, p. 486. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 123 

Craft with Pickettes, And Complains that neither I nor any Body- 
else has informed him of the progress made in this Mining Busi- 
ness, If the Indians were previously Made acquainted of the 
Intentions of the C° or of what Disposition they are of relating 
to it. On the Rec' of the Generals Letter, I returned imme- 
diately from some 20 Leagues I was up the Lake, both to have 
the honour of answering it. And with the resolution of taking 
down the Pickettes, that I might Show the General how ready 
I am to conform to his Intentions. But reflecting that perhaps 
he and the Commanding Officer at Makina Being now made 
acquainted with the footing I am on with the Indians, may not 
think it necessary till things Are settled from England vvhich I 
dare say they Are by this time, I have put it off till I receive 
the Commands Officers pleasure, and the Moment I receive such 
Orders shall immediately take them down, as I have had the 
honour to write to both. 

As to the Gen' and the Present Coms Officer at Makina not 
having been informed of the progress made in this Business and 
of the disposition of the Indians &c, that must have been the 
fault of the late Com? Officer in who's time every thing essential 
happened relating to these. It could never enter into my head 
to trouble them with acc'^ of things that I must have imagined 
his Duty led him to do; Be that as it May, I have had 
the honour to inform them of it, as I have now the honour 
to do to You, as AUso that After the undertaking was 
approved of w'^'^ [ J 

[ '] 

Hillsborough had acquainted him; [ ] 

proper that I should come out to view the [ ] 

&c. Which I did in June 1 769, when General [ ] 

Gave me a pass a Copy of which I have had the honour to 
transmit to the Gen' As I have now the honour to inclose One 
to you. He likewise wrote a particular letter (in consequence 
of powerful recommendations I had had to him) to the Com- 

^ Line burned off. 

124 Sir William Johnson Papers 

mands Officer at Makina A Copy of which I cannot send tho 
he did Me the honour to show it to me before seaUing. 

Before I arrived at Makina, A Council had been held on Ac^ 
of the C° with the Indians concerned, A Copy of which I have 
now transmitted to the Gen' As I have the honour to do likewise 
to you; the Mess"^^ Bostwick & Chinn had sent you one at the 
time. In consequence of this I went into the Lake, met the 
Chief of this River who confirmed the treaty as did the Chiefs 
of Antonagan and the Iron Rivers, and returned here to execute 
Some Craft according to my Orders, As I had the honour to 
inform you in my former letters last year. That Last Summer 
two Miners were sent out who with Mes" Bostwick & Cadotte 
v/ere received by all the Indians concerned in the most friendly 
Manner, who seeing them about to return begged them even 
upon their knees to come back this Year. In the Meantime I 
wait orders from England, hov/, where, and in what manner to 
proceed, having the Miners in the Lake making further Dis- 
coveries & Essays till that time. All hitherto being but pre- 
paratory. Which with proper Excuses & Submission to his 
Excellencys Orders is the Substance of my Answer, and of 
which I think myself obliged to have the honour of informing 
you both on Ac' of the high Rank and Character you hold in 
this Country and indeed in the World, as on Ac' of y^ being 
one of the C° of Adventurers concerned. 

I have now Sir the Honour to Inform you That since Mine to 
you of the 20'^! Sep-, last. The Miners did last ffall visit the North 
Coast of the Lake as far as Michipicoton And found Sundrie 
Veins of rich Ore [ ] of which I sent to London by 

the first occa [ ] Country from this. And Causing the 

[ ] continue their researches they discovered 

a vein of Grey Ore so rich and in appearance so abundant that I 
thought myself entitled from the Instructions I have to send an 
Ac*, of it to London p^ Express to Montreal, All opportunitys 
down the Country being then over. But could not keep the 
Miners upon it having had nothing prepared for so late a Season. 
So soon ho [w] ever as the Season permitted this Spring I went 

PosUWar Period, 1763-1774 125 

with them to the place where I was when the Gen'^ letter called 
me here & where I left them Making trials upon the Vein, till 
my return which shall be by the first Opportunity, and till I 
receive further instructions from England. This is a fine Vein, 
tho She gives nothing at pres^ but stamping Ore which however 
is rich, but the Miners expect She may soon [change] to Solid 
Ore in which Case She will quickly pay all expences, & I hope 
clear Money. She is three feet Wide, runs regular E. & W. 
into the Land Under the Mountains and is level free. But what 
is very amazing & may surprise any Body, I have Seen within 
a Mile and Half of this Vein on either Side Six other Veins 
most of as good appearance as this, which may all be wrought 
to profit. And at Another place some Miles to the Southw'^ 
there are four within 20 Passes one of another of rather Better 
Appearance and favourable Circumstances, Besides a Multitude 
without Number of small transverse Branches some with pure 
Coppar. All the Master Veins contain at the Surface Lead, 
Yellow & Grey Coppar Ore, to which last they would All seem 
to turn when a little down in the Vein Being the predominant 
Ore of this Country, & is it seems the Most Valuable. These 
are all within twenty Leagues of this, which was the reason I 
took the Miners there to wait the result from London, And did 
upon my knowledge of them so near at hand, quite the Vessel of 
forty Tuns [ ] 

I had put upon the Stocks to Build [ ] 

I have well advanced & hopes to [ ] 

son 1 have now [ ] 

to inform you of every thing that Occurs [ ] 

But allow me to Add, that with respect to the Indians, I and all 
concerned in the C°* affairs have Made it our Study to treat 
them with the greatest kindness & humanity without debauching 
them with Drink, or giving them too great presents, but 
endeavoured to be of real service to them & their ffamilies, of 
which and the numberless Benefits they receive by the C° in 
selling us fish. Game, Bark, Canoes, &c &c — They are 
extremely sensible And at all times and on every Occasion 

126 Sir William Johnson Papers 

making Returns of thankfuUness and Gratitude in Speeches and 
other ways. This is the real State of the Case and will be 
wherever the C°^ Affairs lead us. But it is time for me to beg 
y^ pardon for this tedious Interruption to y"" more important 
Concerns And to Assure You that I have the honour to be with 
the most Profound Respect 

Your most Humble And 

Most Obedient Servant 

Alex**. Baxter 

June S"- 
Sir: I have had the honour to receive yours of the 5'^ Sep^ 
this day, and thank you for it. have noted the Contents Tho 
I am sorry the C° has not the honour of having you amongst 
them. I thank you for myself & them for the honour you do us 
in your Good Wishes & kindness which can't but be of the 
greatest utility to us. I hope with respect to the Indians there 
is not the least danger, especially on the North Side, but y^ lake 
is greatly changed, & the prejudice ag^ the English has subsided, 
as to the Exp" I believe the transportation from this will hardly 
equal the coast of fire Engines, Audites & levels, sinking pits many 
hundreds of fath^ often, firing, timber &c to which the Cornish 
Mines are Subject [ ] no Mines here are hable 

that We have in view, [with] out counting the great Sums of 
Money that are often [sp]ent in the Search of Veins in Corn- 
wall, & which often are [not] found, tho indeed we have had 
enough of Expence in these preparations made allready, but we 
have our Veins here laid open to us Some many hundreds of 
y*^* so that we have but to beginn to Work. I have again the 
honour to assure you that I am With the most profound Respect, 
& Gratitude for y"" Good Wishes 

Your Most Humble most Obed"' And 

Obliged Servant 

Alex"^ Baxter 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 127 


Contemporary Copy^ 

[Copy] Of Governour Carleton's Pass 

By his Excellency Guy Carleton Cap" General and Governour 
in Chief in and over the Province of Quebec Vice Admiral of 
the Same and Brigadeer Gen' of his Majesty's Forces &c &c 
&c &c — 

Permit the Bearer M^ Alexander Baxter to pass unmolested 
from this to any part of Lake Superiour with his Artificers, 
Servants, Toolls, Provisions, Ammunition &c — He behaving as 

Given under my hand and Seal at Arms this 26*^ Day of 
June One Thousand seven hundred and Sixty Nine at the City 
of Montreal in the Province of Quebec Aforesaid 


Guy Carleton 

By his Excellency's Command 
R. B. LerNOULT Adj*. Major 
of Brigade N : District. 

This is a true Copy taken at Gloster in the River S*. Maries 
Lake Superiour the 25*^ May 1771 by me Alex"^. Baxter 

George Mair 
John Thompson 

^ Inclosed in Alexander Baxter's letter of June 1, I 771 to Sir William 

128 Sir William Johnson Papers 

D. 5. 

Je Sousigne Baptiste Cadotte devant Temoins Certifie que la 
Copie du Conseil tenu avec les Sauvages cy dessus contenues 
m'ayant ete lue en Anglois et traduit en francois par Alex^ 
Baxter a Gloster le 3™« juin 1771 est precisement comme il a 
passe de part & d'[au]tre 

George Mair 
John Thompson 


I, the undersigned, Baptiste Cadotte, certify before witnesses 
that the copy of the conference held with the Indians, as set forth 
above, having been read to me in English and translated into 
French by Alexander Baxter at Gloster the third of June, 1 771 , 
agrees exactly with what took place on both sides. 


from ferrall wade 

A. L. S. 

Niagara June 7, 1771 
Sir W«. 

This is two trips I have been at this [poin]t within this ten 
days in a bark Cannoe Breaking my Constitution to struggle with 
the World, working at the paddle the whole day with a pasal 
of Lazy Indians, & all Owing to M^ Campbells not following 
Our Directions, he Might as well not have sent them, as at this 
season I am sure it has been £ 1 00 Loss to Us. M^ Campbell 
has sent up two One Arrived hear ab'. two hours After me 
Yesterday, which was Lucky as I Came On purpose for rum & 
tobacco. — the Other is not As yet Arrived. — 

^ Inclosed in Alexander Baxter's letter of June 1 , 1771 to Sir William 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 129 

Since I had the Honour of Writing You Last we have Got 
700 & Odd Wt. of Beaver In all we have 1 600 & Odd W». 
Beaver. 800 ^^ Leather, 110 Otters, 231 Martins, 18 Minks. 
126 Raccoons, 450 Ratts, 3 Wolfs. 5 Katts. 4 Foxes, 30 Bear 
Skins, 29 Fishers, &ca all which Except what we Owe at Niagara 
(Which is upwards of One Hundred pounds) [ ] we shall 

send to Funda to be Intirely Under [his] Directions, you Cant 
Imagine the fatigue we have Undergone this few Weeks past, 
being sur [rounded by] above two hundred Indians, who stays 
hear on p[urpose] to get Drunk with them that trades, when so 
[ ] Neither Eat. Drink or Sleep, for my part I 

Can[ ] say I have not Eat a meal (Except two at this 

post) [ ] forthnight, I am quiet jadged Out, but I 

am Determined to spare no pains to get Money. The Dutch is 
all going to Teronto. if they Do We are Determined to Lead 
them Another Dance, for we know a much better place & all 
the Indians. When the Hurry is Over we shall write you Everry 
particular, now its Impossible, so will Conclude 

With my sincere Wishes for the establishment of your health 
and am 

My Dear Sir W-". 

Your Ever Obliged & Most 
Obed'. Humble Servant 

Ferrall Wade 


[ ] of sundry furrs Sent to Sir W"". Johnson Bar* 

Ten packs of Beaver N°. 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. 
33,34. W». 1004.— 

N°. 17 Con's. 

1 1 9 Raccoons 
7 Ratts 

^ In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

130 Sir William Johnson Papers 

3 Wolves 

2 Skins In the Hare 
18 Qg. 2 Beavers 

412 Mussquash 
3 Red foxes 
206 Martins 
18 Minks 
700 ^^ of Leather shall be sent In a few days. — 

sent to M^ Campbell 

3 packs of Beaver N-. 19, 21, 22 W. 303 lb. 

20 Con's. 1 Beaver 1 deer skin & 82 

35 Con'g. 19 Otters 
29 Fishers 
27 Martins 

3 Minks 
72 Ratts 

33 parchment skins 
1 d°. In the Hare. 

two packs sent to Niagara W'. 203'^ Beaver . total 

1 p^ Green Rattun 251/2 y< a 8/6 £ 10. . 16. .9 

2 p«. Strouds 20 

1 d°. of purple knapt SlYzy^' ... 8/6 13.. 7. .9 

1 d° of Narrow d". We have no Account of 

the price at Least Cant find it 

[ ] 


Invoice of Packs from 
Mess" Wade & Kreiser 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 131 

Contemporary Copy 

At a Council held at Fort George in the City of 
New York on Friday the Seventh Day of June J 77 1 

His Excellency the Right Honorable John Earl of Dunmore 
Captain General &c 

M^ Watts 
M^ Apthorpe 
M^ Smith 

M^ Cuyler 
M^ Wallace 

M^ White 

The Petition of Joseph Totten and Stephen Crossfield in 
behalf of themselves and their Associates was presented to the 
Board and read setting forth, that the Petitioners have discovered 
that there is a Certain Tract of Land situate lying and being in 
the County of Albany on the West side of the most Northerly 
Branch of the Hudsons River, Beginning at the Northeast 
Corner of a Tract of Forty Six thousand Acres of Land 
petitioned for by Thomas Palmer and his Associates; thence 
running South sixty Degrees West to the Northwest Corner 
of a Tract of Land Petitioned for by John Bergen and 
his Associates ; thence running North thirty Degrees West till it 
shall intersect a line coming West from Ten Miles North of 
Crown Point; thence East to Hudsons River, thence down the 
said River to the North Bounds of a Tract of Land Petitioned 
for by Edward Jessup and Ebenezer Jessup and their Associates 
of Forty thousand Acres; thence Westerly and Southerly 
round the said Tract of Land until it shall come to the 
North East Bounds of the said Tract of Land Petitioned for 
by the said Thomas Palmer and his Associates being the 
place of Beginning — That the said Tract of Land hath not 
been purchased of the Indians [ ] 

but that the Indian Right thereto [ ] 

them. That the Petitioners [ ] 

are willing and desirous at their own Expence of [ ] 

132 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Indian Right and Title to the Lands before described [ ] 

in his Majesty, in hopes of being able to obtain his Majesty's 
Letters Patent for such parts of the said Tract of Land as shall 
be found fit for Cultivation. And therefore the Petitioners in 
behalf of themselves and their Associates humbly pray his 
Excellency's Lycense enabling them to purchase in his Majesty's 
Name of the Indian Proprietors thereof the Tract of Land 
before described, in Order that the Petitioners and their 
Associates may be Enabled to apply for and Obtain his 
Majesty's Letters Patent for the same or such parts thereof as 
upon an accurate Survey may be found fit for Cultivation. 

And the said Petition having been referred to a Committee 
and the prayer of the Petition reported to be Granted and the 
Report approved of. This Board doth humbly advise and 
Consent that his Excellency do Grant to the Petitioners and their 
Associates Liberty and Lycense to purchase the Tract of Land 
described in their said Petition agreeable to his Majesty's 
Proclamation of the Seventh of October 1 763 ; or if the Indian 
Proprietors of the Lands shall be brought to this City to perfect 
and Complete the said Purchase in that Case upon the usual 
Cirtificate to be Signed by Sir William Johnson, that the Indians 
to be brought before his Excellency are Chiefs of or belonging 
to the Tribe or Nation Owners and Proprietors of the said Lands 
and that they have Authority from such Tribe or Nation to 
dispose thereof 

A true Copy 

Examined by 

G^ Banyar D CI Con 


A. L. S. 

[London June 7, J77t] 

I ] 

[ ] honored w^ith your favor of the first of February 

[ ] infinite pleasure, as I did not know how to Account 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 133 

for [your sijlence & not having a Line from any of the family 
Except Col° Claus, Concurring Circumstances threw me into a 
fever & pleurisce [ con] fined me to my room from the first 

of March, till within [a fort] night. 

Indeed Sir 'twas the utmost necessity forced me to draw on 
you. in one of my first Letters I mentioned about carrying out 
goods to America & that I would wait your Answer, had it 
come in time 'twould have saved me time Expence & trouble. 
Blackburn loaded me with Compliment & Civility, but finding 
no Letters for me from your family & an Order to him from 
you for Goods, without any mention of my name, also hearing 
from Weatherhead that he was bail for me in a Suit at New 
York, his beheavier Changed & he look'd upon me as an impostor, 
he all along was a friend to Rogers & to this moment I believe 
assists him. 

There is no prospect of any place or Employment at present 
nor is Anything to be done without parliamentary Interest, my 
Lord Hilsborough says he has nothing in his Gift. In hopes of 
Stirring him up to do Something for me, I laid before him an 
Account of many losses & Expences I had been at before I was 
in the Indian Department which I had demanded of General 
Amhurst, also Expences Since being in the Indian Department 
not before Charged, nor would I have [de]manded if continued 
for I told him I look'd upon my former [ex]pences paid had 
the Employment been confirmed by Parliament, also an Account 
of 482 . 6 . 1 out of which I rec< 187.16.11 at New [York] 
Some Articles I transmitted back to you which you say the 
General [might] like to pay 

Lord [ ] 

me to mention his name in it [ ] 

they might refer back to him, & he would [ ] 

I did so & was examined before the board, where I [ ] 

ty to make Known the ill treatment I received from [ ] 

to shew them how far they had been imposed upon, they [ ] 

a favorable report to the Treasury, where I gave in another 
[Memo] rial, they Agreed to Support a lawsuit I have here, & 

134 Sir William Johnson Papers 

refer [ ] Accounts to General Gage to whom they 

have sent my M [emorial] & I have sent a Coppy of my Account. 
I have & will Charge [ ] my Sallery whilst these suits 

are against me, & the treasury think it reasonable I should be 
paid, as I am detained here for supporting the Orders of 

You might remember you desired me to assist the Sherif of 
Albany (if I could meet with one Atherton who had broke out 
of Albany Goal) when Schuyler was at your House. I spoke 
to Rogers about the fellow, but he would not confine him. next 
Season I saw the Sherif again who required under the Kings 
Proclamation I should try to have him Stopd. I shewd Spice- 
maker the Sherifs Order of 1 766 also another & affidavid 1 768. 
besides orders were sent to all the posts with a description of 
this Atherton. Spicemaker orderd him to pay the money before 
he left the Fort, & not to Sleep out of the Garrison, one night 
after the Gates were locked he made his escape over the pickets, 
but was brought back, & confined till Scuyler & Macbeth gave 
Security for the money, then he was set loose tho he ow'd a 
great Sum in the Fort. 

This fellow took out a Writ for £4000 damage against me 
& has set forth in his declar[a]tion a long [ ] 

[ ] apply*^ to my use, being [ ] 

[ ] many other most Abominable lies, if 

[ ] whilst M^ Goddard was hear I should have Cast 

[ ] think by dint of Swearing they will Cast me as 

I have [ ] or money & the affair comes on next week. 

I must entreat your intercession with the General to [pre] sent 
a report upon my Memorial as may procure me payment 
[ ] will be the only way I shall ever have it in my 

power to pay you, or any body Else. Rogers has been trying 
with every body I had the least Account with, to have me 
arrested, to get me into prison as well as himself, but [I] have 
as yet foiled him, tho fear he may get his Ends at last. 

Had the Speech been sent to England that the Ottawas Sent 
to you with the Pipe of peace, it would have been of great 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 135 

Service to me when the War was talked of. I could have 
procured my self an appointment, & the Medals for the Indians, 
but now all is peace & Quietness, the Indians are look'd upon 
of no Consequence. 

I most heartily thank you for Accepting my Bill & for pro- 
curing me the Land, as to the Former, I left Memorandums 
of Debts due me to Weatherhead & Adams which I thought 
would have paid it, but if I have Success here will Speedily 
return & pay him, as I intend to live Quiet in that Country, & 
have no Employment under the Crown, contenting myself with 
my half pay & my farm Stocked. But If I fail — 

Inclosed you have a Coppy of the Memorial Sent the General 
& there is already a Coppy of the Account in your office. I 
shall only add, that the friend I recommended to you, seems 
to me & has indeed the reputation of a time Server, he is a tale 
bearer to the ministry pumping on all Occasions for Intelligence, 
he prides himself much on his friendship for Sir John & being 
employ'd by you, yet he is an advocate for Rogers 

I have a good deal [ ] 

me at Michilimakinak. I wrote to Co' Claus [ ] 

is in Employ, his pay may be Stop^ till he A[ ] 

as he owes me a large Sum for Goods 

A Speedy Answer from General Gage & you will procure 
me I hope the greatest happiness I can Enjoy [ ] 

pleasure of seeing you & family in good health. I remain w[ith] 
constant wishes for your Welfare 


Your most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

B Roberts 
[ ] William Johnson 


The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

136 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Lond". 7^ June 1771 

L*. Roberts letter 
w*^. a Memorial [to] 
y^ Lords of y^ Treas[ 


Contemporary Copy- 

[ ] Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners of His 

Majesty's Treasury 

The Petition of Lieutenant Roberts late 
Commissary of Indian Affairs under S^ William 
Johnson Baronet 

Humbly Sheweth 

That your Lordships Petitioner Served during the late War 
in America, was present at the Attacks of Ticonderoga, Niagara, 
& the Havannah; Likewise Acted in many Extra Branches of 
the Service without any additional pay or Emolument & that 
by being detach'd from his Regiment, had the Misfortune at two 
different times to Suffer a total loss of His baggage. 

That Your Lordships Petitioner was, immediately on his 
Landing from the Havannah, Chosen & Sent with a detachment 
to Niagara to Act against the Indians, he had several Skirmishes 
with them during their War, which recommended him to 
General Gage & Sir William Johnson, who Knowing his 
Influence Amongst the Nations, & that he was thoroughly 
Acquainted with their Languages, Country, & Customs 
Employ'd your Petitioner in 1 766 to settle Some Commotions 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ This petition of earlier date to the Lords Commissioners of His 
Majesty's Treasury was inclosed with Lieutenant Roberts' letter of June 
7, 1771 to Sir WilHam Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 137 

Amongst the Indians, & to Act as Commissary, which obUdged 
him to Change from his Regiment to half pay to remain in 

In May 1769 as your Lordship's petitioner was proceeding 
thro the Indian Country pursuant to his Orders, he received a 
Letter from Sir WiUiam Johnson [ ] 

"Employment as Commisary [ ] 

past, that all persons employd under [ ] 

paid up to that date & discharged, the Colonies [ ] 

to pay all future Expences." The principal Expences of 
your Petitioners Journey being already paid, the traders turn- 
ing back with their goods, frighted at the many Expresses, that 
gave Account of the Indian Nations assembled to Cut off Detroit 
& the other posts, forced Your Lordship's Petitioner, to yield 
to the entreaties of the Merchants, to proceed on his Journey, 
& undertake to disperse the Indians, not doubting but if he had 
the good fortune to Succeed, he would be reimbursed his 
Expences & be recompensed for so dangerous an undertaking 

Your Lordship's Petitioner was forced to Stay at Michili- 
mackinak to see the Indians all dispersed then with much 
difficulty got down the Country having lost one man thro fattigue 
& cold. General Gage & Sir WilHam Johnson Approved your 
petitioner's conduct, but the Sum Allow'd for Indian Expences, 
being already Apply'd, & the Colonies not voting any for that 
Service, your Petitioner was not reimbursed, he was recom- 
mended to the Right Honorable Lord Hilsborough who has 
refer'd him to your Lordship, after having Seen a full State of 
his losses & Expences which Amount to £ 1 258 .13.8 Stg 

Your Lordship's Petitioner begs his Case may be Consider'd, 
that he has been at great Expence & loss of time in coming to 
England of which he makes no Charge. Relying of the great 
encouragement your Lordship has always given those that Exert 
themselves for the good of the Service, your Petitioner assures 
himself of relief & your Lordship's Petitioner will as in duty 
bound Ever pray 

B Roberts 

138 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schindy S"- June 1 77 1 

I Recev^ Your feavor of 3*^ Ult I am Sorry of the Baggs 
Shot Came So Litt it was Down at the water Side where the 
had went out So I Counted the baggs and tock hans Rigtmeir 
& John Cammell to be honest men & Let them Goe one thy 
whare payd before I Recev^ the answer & thy brought Mee a 
Receet of Every thing In good order from M"^ fonda as I always 
Gites for Everiting I have Sent up or Els I^^: not payd them 
The 5 Artickels are 1 Dray Bar'. 2 boxes 1 Basket w^: Chance 
& a Small bagg Coffy which I have Sent up lesterday & one 
box More and 3 Large Bales N° 6-7-43 h Cap' M^ Clood^ 
Barrel Rum Coll° Johnson Barl pork & Coll° Clauss his Kagg 
Inclosed of the 2 hhad^ Tobacco which I have here & shall tray 
to gite it packet unto one I have also 16 Chists of Gunns here 
and Next Thusday I hoop to goe for ail the powder at ones 
whit 8 Wag^ as there is more Looding in M'' Van Sants Stoor 
I have here about 30 bear Skins of M"^ freasers which •' tacke 
Down for fear of Rean I am w^ : Complement Sir Your Most 

Obed' Humble Servant 

Jn° B V Eps 


Schenectady the 8'^ June 1 77 1 

[ ] 

[ pjleasure of writing you last I have got 

[ ]om my Ilness. I hope I shall Soon be able 

to do my Self the happiness of paying my Respects to you. I 
long much to See your Lodge at Mountjoy — for by the Dis- 

Posl-War Period. 1763-1774 139 

cription I have off that Place it must be dehghtfull, & pleasant — 
for what greater pleasure can there be then plenty of Fishing & 
fowHng. I really think that this Ought to be your principal 
Object. I woud devot as much of my time at that Place as 
Business would permit for all that you want in this World is 
Health, & without it we have verry little Relish for the things 
we Call richess. 

I have received a letter this day from M"^ James Andrews dated 
the 30*^ May from Niagara he mentions that the Beaver Sloop 
[ ] is given up for lost — She had 1 27 [ ] 

belonging to Jacobous Teller Nick Steven [ ] 

Packs belonging to Jacobous & Abraham [ ] 

heavy Strock to those People, & [ ] 

Robed & taken Prisoners in 1 764, [ ] 

the Sloop that was in Company with this Vessel left hir in a 
hard Gale of Wind the 1 Ulto : with all [ ] sail up — 

the master one Jacobson — poor man was too fond of the grogg 
which might Occasion him to Carry too much Sail in order to 
keep up with the Other. & as She was verry flatt botomed its 
thought she over Sat & Foundered — Cap*. Grant is gone round 
the South Side in Quest of hir — God send him good luck — 

We are all Rubing up our old rusty Guns & geting our Regi- 
mentals ready Against the Governor Arrivel — all I Can do with 
old Col° Van Slyck I Cant turn [ ] reform Except 

him I beleve [ ] has got their Cloaths ready — 

M"^ [ ] got any yet made nor do I beleve 

[ ] as he knows there is no Law to Compel him. 

there never is any thing to do in the Militia of any Duty but he 
Endeavers to prevent there doing it as much as in his power — 
we Shall muster verry Small as many are from Home & the 
warning will be So Short that I am afraid the Governor may 
Suprize us before we know any thing of his Comeing — I am 
in hopes we Shall here from Albany before he Sets out — as 
Yet no Appearance of his Arrivel at Albany. 

140 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M". Campbell joins me with her best Complements & am 
Dear Sir with the.Sincerest Respect your most Humble & most 

Obedient Servant 

Daniel Campbell 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


L. S. 
Fort Stanwix y^ 8^^ June 1 77 1 

[ ] 

I think it my Duty to Let you Know the Late Fate of M"". 
Wall M^ Governor John Ruff Being Jalous of me in Regard 
of him must needs Bannish Him of the Ground he ordered one 
of his Emisarys to Breed a Courl with Quine at his owne House 
& another of them he Emplyed to Nock Down Wall which 
when he Saw he Got upon him & Draged Tore & Beat him most 
Unmercifully he Got him by the Heir of his Head as he Lay 
on his Back & Draged him from Quines Door to his own House 
where he Got a Coard & Bound him fast & then Kept him in 
Confindment Which when I Hard of Sent my Corporal to 
Demand the Prisoner he Sent me word that I was not Capable 
of taking Care of a Murderer & that I had no Bissiness with 
him upon which I ordered a file of men to go and Brake open 
Every Door on his House & Bring the prissioner into Me. I 
Intend to Represent this Case at Head Quarter Where I hope 
his Excellency General Gage will Give Me Immadient orders 
to Tourn Ruff & all his Gang off this Ground I assure you Sir 
his Insolance Is not to be Boren he Even Turns off the Ground 
any Man he Does not Like & Brings in Whome he Likes and 
Gives them the Best Land Belonging to the King Without my 
Liberty I am Sir y"^ Most Obedient Humble Serv*. 

John Galland 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 141 


[Sinake Country, June 9, J 77 1] 

[ ] 

[ ] Cayuga Indian, will Inform that [ ] 

[hjealth, wishing this may find Your honour so also. 
[ ] eight days past Your Messangers the Mohawks 

[ K]anadasaga: the next day proceeded forward — 

[ ] Sorry to hear by the warriours who have been to 

[ Jrthward, of the misunderstanding there is Between 

the English and the Indians of that Country: I am at Several 
times Informed By those who have Left the Great plains about 
20 days ago, that the Indians of the Ilinoies Country are in 
General Disafected, Inasmuch nothing more Likely than there 
destroying those which reside there of the English and Cuting 
of any Communication which may tend that way. By reasons 
as they Say of Sundry Insults they have received. Some 
Immagines that nothing more Likely than that the french is not 
dilatory in Giving there Promises to assist them in ammunition. 
However they Seame to one and all in Generall of these Lurking 
Warriours, to attribute it being Sole fault to us as Eight of them 
who was Lately kilH by the English, four of which Belonged 
to diffarent nations, 3 days past By this way a party of the 
Onandagos with three Sculps Look^ to my Oppinion two of them 
otherwise than Ever Came of an Indian, the most part of the 
Indians are now at home, and those of Kanadasaga are now 
a makeing of Conoes in Order to Come down By water, they 
Seeme to be Very desirious to know what the purport of this 
treaty will Be, they have a Stronge Immagination that it will 
not Continue peace Very Long. Otoangaut is arrived at home 
with his party &c., and all the Sinakees: to Conclude as I Look 
on my Self Bound in Duty to Aqquaint Your honour of any 
new material which may Come to my knowledge in makeing a 
Small retaliation for the many Condesending past favours I have 

142 Sir William Johnson Papers 

received from You. I should be always Glad to hear from 
Your honour as You should be Pleased to write to me at this 
Distance remain Sir Your Most Obed'. 


Serv*. John Johnston 

[ ] be pleased to Caution the Bearars in his 

[ '] 

I Immagine that Your honour will have a Larger 
Body than Either You Expect or desire of the Six nation 
which as I am Informed provision 
will turn out but Short: I have told Some of them 
that the meaning was only a few of Each of there 
Chifes perhaps I am mistaking in the date of the 

A. L. S.2 

New York June lO^K 1771, 
Dr Sir, 

Your Letter of the 18'^ April required no particular Answer, 
but I had some extracts copied from it, which I thought proper 
for Cap*: Edmonstone's^ better Information, and transmitted 
them to him at Fort Pitt. 

I am since favoured with your Letter of the 24'^. of May, ' 
which you seem to believe there had been some Mischief hatch- 
ing amongst the Indians, and that their scheme was somewhat 
disconcerted. I hope you will get as favourable Ace'*, from 
Sioto as you expect. 

The Many Partys in the Cherokee Country from the North- 
ward gave alarm in Carolina, and Projects were concerting of 
various kinds, but I don't hear anything resolved upon. They 

^ Line cut off. 

2 In New York Public Library, New York City. 
^ Captain Charles Edmonstone, of the 1 8th regiment, in command at 
Fort Pitt. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 143 

had near overturned all that was settled about the Virginia 
Boundary^; they have at length agreed to mark it out, but I 
don't find that they abide by their first Bargain", tho' Settled 
with the Usual Formalitys by the whole Nation. 

M"^: Stewart is gone to Pensacola to meet the Chactaws who 
are still at War with the Creeks, the latter have fallen on a New 
Method to prevent our Vagabonds settling on their Lands, by 
plundering them and destroying their Habitations. They have 
served some Familys in W: Florida in that Manner who were 
out of their Bounds on Lands the Creeks had not ceded, but 
did not hurt their Persons. If all the Nations acted in the same 
way and proceeded no further, it would prevent the People 
going beyond their Limits & save Much trouble. 

I am informed Many Partys are gone out from the Lakes; 
and Lieu'. Col°. Wilkins writes, that four or five hundred had 
been discovered not far from Fort Chartres; suspected to have 
taken or killed a soldier who was Missing. 

No Information of the likelihood of a war, from any Ace'*, 
but the News-Papers, 

I am with great Regards, 

Dear Sir, 
Your Most Obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Thqs. Gage 
Sr. ^^m. Johnson Bar': 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 487, is listed a letter of June II, 1771, 
from Dr Samuel Auchmuty, quoting communications from Dr Daniel 
Burton and the bishop of London on the difficulty of extending missionary 

^ The Virginia boundary settled at Fort Stanwix in November I 768. 

^ The first bargain relates to Indian proceedings with Governor William 
Bull of South Carolina and Superintendent John Stuart in 1 765 and 
1766. See Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 7:1005, 8:33 and map 
opposite 8:30. 

144 Sir William Johnson Papers 

work in America and discussing the case of a Lutheran minister and of a 
dissenting clergyman [WilHam Hanna] who wish to take English orders, 
and the demand for an American bishop. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
4:449-52; Q, 4:280-81.) 


A. L. S.i 

Teronto June 11^^. 1 77 1 

I ] 

Enclosed you have an Invoice of the furrs we [ ] 

by the Return of this boat, which we hope will be Agreeable to 
You. had Our boats been hear in the spring we should have had 
ten packs more. 

I was Oblidged to make two trips to Niagara within ten days 
being Out of rum & provisions, had we no Occasion to buy at 
Niagara Our remittance would be £300 more, we Owe two 
packs at Niagara which we have Ordered to be Left there, N°. 
19.21.22. W^ 3031b of Beaver N°. 20 O. 82 Otters. 1 
Beaver, 1 Deer skin N°. 35 C^g. 

19 Otters 
29 Fishers 
27 Martins 

3 Minks 
72 Ratts 

33 parchment Skins 
1 d°. In the Hare 

We have Ordered to Campbell which we hope will be Agree- 
able to You, we have 700^^ Leather that the boat could not 
Carry which we will send You In a few days, we Also send 
2 p^ of Black strouds, 1 p*. of Grunnap, 2 d°. purple d°. Inclosed 
you have [the] prime Cost, if they will suit you we beg you will 

In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763- J 774 145 

take them they are not salable hear. — what we have traded was 

to great Advantage. Beaver sells at Niagara for ten shillings p^ 

pound Campbell writes Us its Eleven. — 

We also send you One [ 

2 Otter pouches, 2 Beaver d°., 1 Fisher [ 

Articles we have Got, there is few that [ 

and all they have Got is 104'^ Beaver & 1 0[tter 

are all Distracted they have had hardly any [ 

this Year. — we are not the Least Uneasy for [ 

We know a much better place and have had an [ 

Go I intend Going this fall & Lave M^ Keiuser hear [ 

Not better Indians On the Continent than this side of [ 

Lake, we are so hurried at present that we Cant be as pa [ 

as we Could wish, but the Ind". is Going away in a few days 

[ ] him shall write you Verry fully. — we remain with 

great Esteem & Respect 

My Dear Sir W"". 
Your Most Oblidged & Most Ob*. 

Humble Serv**. 

Wade & Keiuser 
P. S. be pleased not to Let 
Fonda know we have any Intention 
of Going Further he writes to his 
Customers at Niagara, & we hope 
you will Order it so that we will Get the Market price. 


A. D. 5.1 

Johnson Hall June 11^. 1771 

As the Bearer Richard Mandavil of this place. Breeches 
Maker, is in want of leather to follow his Business, If you let 

1 In New York State Library. Albany, N. Y. 

146 Sir William Johnson Papers 

him have a Couple of Packs of Deer Skins fitt for his purpose, 
I will See you paid for the Same. 

I am Sir Y^ Humble Servant 

W. Johnson 
P. S. as He is but a new Beginner 
here, I doubt not but you will be 
as favourable to him as You can. 



fav^ Rich^. Mundevill 


A. L. S. 

London 15 June 1771 

[ ] 

[Since my last] of which the within is a Coppy^ I am without 
any [of your favors] the present Serves chiefly to enclose 
You the Act of Parliament granting a Bounty on White Oak 
Staves & Heading, which may be of some Use to You or Your 
Farmers — I should imagine that in Your parts, the People may 
be employ'd very advantageously upon Such Schemes — I have 
been at Lord Hilsboroughs door twice, but He was from Home, 
one of the Clerks of the Board of Trade has promis'd to Send 
me word if the Grant upon the Ohio was made out but I have 
not heard from Him — If M"^ Wharton should Call upon me 
or if I can learn that the Grant is made out I [will] undoubtedly 
pay the Money — I suppose You would hear of M"^ Penn's 
death — if there should be any Business which that Gent" had 
under His Management for You & which You suppose me 
capable of, I beg You will Comand my best offices — You will 
see by the papers that Lord Hilsborough is intended for the 
Lord Lieut' of Ireland — my Intelligence contradicts such a 
Report & says that Lord Townsend will Continue there for some 

^Refers to letter of May 4, 1771. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 147 

time longer — the Situation of that Kingdom is very tranquill & 
peacable — one may reasonably presage that a peace will soon 
take place between Russia & the Turk, as the latter has already 
releas'd the resident which had been kept in prison — but it is 
not improbable that a War may break out in some other 
Quarter — 

I am upon all occasions 

Your much obliged and 
Very humble Servant 

John Blackburn 

Sir W*". Johnson Bar', 
at Fort Johnson 
near Albany 
To the Care of M'. John Weatherhead 
^ New York 

^ Britannia 
Cap: Munds 



London 4*'^. May & 1 5^K June 

1771 — 

M-" Blackburns Letter 

A. L. S. 

Schind^ 15^^ June 1771 

[ ] 

Receved Your feavore of the 1 O*'^ Ins* Inclosed is the Vouther 
for the Quarter Cask of Powder &c as I have the Same for 

In Johnson's hand. 

148 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Every Indevidiall thing I Sent up there So that I have Know 
Roome to Detayne or Stopp there pay for I always pay them 
Soon after there Return 

I shall have the Indian Coarn & hams brought up as Soon as 
poassable & Send one battoe Lood of it to Canajogare and the 
Next week the Gunns & powder to fondas and Let him Know 
that it is to Stay there I must gite the battoes furst Calked 
Monday Next and will gite a good Carefull honest men to have 
the Care of it believe me Sir I shall tack all the Care and painss 
I Can I have here also 4 boxes of pipes & one bale let which 
I had forgate to Mention in My Last Letter I am Sir Your 
Most Obediant 

and Humble servant 

Jno B V EPS 

The Honorab'. 
Sir William Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hall 

June 15* 1771. John 

B Van Eps letter w*^. Inclosure 


A. L. S.2 

Teronto June 18^^ fJJ/ 
I ] Sir William 

This Goes by the Indian who Lived with Us Last Winter. 
We would not be particular In this as we think he would not 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 149 

Scruple of having it Oppened to know the Contents We have 
wrote another of the same date with this In which there is an 
Account Against him 

We are with great Respect 
My Dear Sir W"". 

Your most Ob'. & Most 

Humble servants 

Wade & Keiuser 

P. S- if You should Receive 
this Before the Other pray 
Suspend your Opinion Untill 
the Receipt of the Other 


Toronto June ]8^^. 1771 

Mess""* Wade & Krieusers 
Letter — 


A. L. 5.2 

[Teronto, June 18, 1 77 1] 

I ] 

In our Last to you from Niagara We promised to give you a 
particular Account of Everything, as farr as In Our power we 
will, as to sending an Exact Account of the Goods we have on 
hand its Impossible the Shop being full, this we are Sure off we 
have sufficient to trade off Sixty packs of Beaver — we have 450 
Blankets, 10 p* Strouds, 4 d°. purple & bleu knaps I p*. 
peneston, I d°. Red knap, 25 Coats, 20 Guns, ab* 200 White & 
Calico Shirts, 4 p^ flowered Serge, 1 1/^ Barrell powder, a Vast 
quantity of Lead, Bullets, & Shott, 40^^ paint, 1 Barrel kettles, 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Ferrell Wade's hand. 

150 Sir William Johnson Papers 

70 p* Gartering, those is the Large Articles as to small Articles 
we have a great Quantity such as Rib^^ silk hand^ Wampum 
Silver Work Glass Wampum White beads flints, Steels, Looking 
Glasses, knifs, Scizzars, Twine, tin Kettles, hand Bells, Jews 
harps Gun screws, Brass, Wine & Rum a good Quantity Caps, 
Several other Articles we dont think of. what we have traded 
we have done safe & sure & we are sure we have Made more 
profit on what we have traded than Any traders of Englishmen 
that has been Out, all we want Now is An Assortment & a 
sufficient Stock for [ ] 

[ . '] 

to pay at Niagara, the articles we shall want [ ] 

to Much, we have Sent M^ Funda, an Invoice of what 
[ ] if he treats Us well he may depend on Our 

punctuallity & Custom, we have five traders hear now who is 
pretty Sick of it, two of them goes of this Day the rest goes in 
three or four, the poor People dont know what to do for some of 
them has not traded a single skin Neither at Niagara or hear this 
Spring, they have nothing but rum. the Indians hear Likes 
Goods & will go where an Assortment is its not Uncommon 
with Us to sell a p* of Strouds to One Indian We have another 
View besides hear & Where we had an Invitation to Go, & 
where I intend to Go & Leave M^ Keiuser hear, and Among 
the most Civilized Indians I Ever saw we Make not the Least 
Doubt but we shall make double what we did this spring, as the 
Indians all know Us far & near & has Assured Us they will 
not trade with a french Man if we Continue Among them, we 
deal so fairly which they have never been Used too; the french 
Imposes on them Most Grossly as for my part you'll see Sir 
if God spares my Life I will make money, for I shall spare no 
trouble, pains Or fatigue, we hope the Remittance we have 
Sent You is Agreeable, you may Depend the Remainder we 
will send As soon as possible — we have got a man who 
Understands the Language who is Going with me: — 

[ •] 

^ Line burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 151 

[ ] never was so 

deceived by Any fellow for ab' 64 weeks & thought Our selves 
happy In having him, then he broke Out and proved a Verry 
great Rascal to Us Instead of Assistance from him he was a 
prejudice to Us, for when the Indians came he Imeadiately got 
Drunk, & was more plauge to Us than the Indians that traded 
with Us, he cant shout a pidgion Let alone hunt & if he knew 
how he is too Lazy, all he is Good for is Cuting wood & wash- 
ing the Dishes, if he & his son has cost Us a farthing Its at 
Least £50 — so that we shall Look on it as a great hardship 
if we are Oblidged to pay him a farthing, its Extremely hard 
for Us to be Slaving for a Lazy Rascal, & he is the Greatest 
Liar that Ever spoke, we beg you will not be deceived by him 
he reported On Us at Niagara, that for my part I drank half 
a pint of Rum Everry morning before I got Out of bed Keisuer 
could not drink so much raw rum as me but he mixed his but 
drank twiced as much as me mixed we brought him to An 
Account about it when the Rascal was In the Utmost Confusion, 
as there was one On the spot who he told it to, who was W"*. 
Hare we told him we would Acquaint you With it, at which he 
Was badly frightened, he further had the Imputence to Ask 
Us what we would pay him Extranory if he would [ ] 

[ ;] 

have An Account [ ] him we will 

Conclude with Our Compliments to Sir John, the Gentlemen & 
Ladies wishing you health & prosperity 

My Dear Sir W«^. 

Your Most Oblidged & Most 
Obedient Humble Serv'^- 

Wade & Keiuser 

P. S. the Remittance we made Campbell will pay him his first 
Ace", h ahiK £ 50 we judge of the second, so that we shall owe 
him on the Last two Boats we received ab* £300 which is all 
we Owe Except You. 

^ Line burned off. 

M"" De Lancey 
Mr Smith 

152 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contemporary Copy 

At a Council held at Fort George in the City of New York 
on Wednesday the nineteen day of June 1771 


His Excellency the Right Hono^'^. John Earl of Dunmore 

Cap' Gen' &c 

M^ Watts 1 M-^ Cruger 

M>- Wallace 
M>^ White 

The Petition of Jelles Fonda in Behalf of himself and his 
Associates was presented to the Board and Read, setting forth. 
That there is a certain Tract or parcel of Land situate lying and 
being in the County of Albany Beginning about Eight Miles to 
the Westward of Fort Stanwix on the West side of the Mouth 
of Canada Creek on Wood Creek and running up along the 
said Creek so as to complete six Miles upon a straight line; 
thence by a Northeasterly Course to the patent granted to Lord 
Holland at the Distance of seven Miles from the Mohawk 
River, thence along the westerly Line of the said patent to the 
patent of Oriskeny, and Westerly along the said patent to the 
place of Beginning, so as to comprehend all the vacant Land 
to the Wood Creek afore mentioned. Containing by Estimation 
about forty thousand Acres of Land be the same more or less. 
That the petitioner and his Associates are willing and desirous 
at their own Expence to vest the Indian Right and Title to the 
said Lands in the Crown, and therefore humbly praying that 
his [Excellency will be] favourably pleased to grant to the 
petitioner [and] his Associates his Excellency's Ly cense and 
per[mis]sion to purchase in his Majesty's Name of the [ ] 

Native Indian proprietors thereof, the Tract or pa [reel] of land 
before described, in Order to be enabled a[fter] the Completion 
of such purchase, to pray for and [to] obtain his Majesty's 

PosUWar Period, 1763-1774 153 

Letters patent for the said Lands, and to cultivate and improve 
the same. 

On due Consideration v^hereof, the Board doth humbly advise 
and consent, that his Excellency the Governor grant to the 
petitioner and his Associates Liberty and Lycense to purchase 
the Tract of Land described in their said petition, agreeable to 
his Majesty's Proclamation of the 1^. October 1 763 ; or if the 
Indian proprietors of the said Tract of Land shall be brought 
to this City to perfect the said purchase, then upon the usual 
Certificate to be signed by Sir William Johnson Baronet, that 
the Indians to be brought before his Excellency the Governor 
are Chiefs of, or belonging to the Tribe or Nation Owners and 
proprietors of the said Tract of Land, and that they have 
authority from such Tribe or Nation to dispose thereof 

A true Copy Exam'^ By 

G^ Banyar D CI Con 


D. S. 

Dated in Albany the) 
20^^ June 1771 — \ 

To the Honorable Sir William John : 
son Baronet. &c. &c, &c. 
[ ] Whose Names are hereunto affixed, being Indian 

Traders at Oswego In the Year 1 750 do perfectly know that 
the Etwawas Indians came there with a prisoner they had taken 
from the Pawny Nation and that M^ Abraham Van Antwerpen 
and Company Traders bought said prisoner from their Chief and 
by what we have heard paid a Valuable Consideration for him 
that he was afterwards sold by them to M"" Harme Gansevoort 

154 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of the City of Albany, and has serv'd him for the Space of 
eight or nine Years as a Slave 

We are with the greatest respect 
Your very Humble Servant 

Johannes Douw 
JoH^ Breeckman 
Aendres Truaex 
John Visger 
indorsed : 



A. L. S. 

I ] [Niagara 22 June J 771] 

I Arrived hear the Night before Last Cheefly for provisions 
Against Winter & Spring As I find we Can have it much 
Cheaper than we Can have it up, also to settle Our Account 
hear Which I have p^. off. I was taken Extremely 111 hear 
Yesterday & thought I was Going to get a fit of sickness but 
thank God I am thoroughly Recovered, the Ind". Who goes 
with this boat has been Continually Drunk since he has been 
hear, & Affronted some of the Officers who was going to Cane 
him, Untill I told them what kind of Man he Was & beged 
they would not as he was just going Away which prevented 
them, he is a sad Rascal, the boats that Goes from hear at 
present are all Loaded, which prevents me sending the packs 
we have hear Down, but I shall Leave particular Order to send 
them by the first Opertunity to M"" Funda.— I hope M^ Funda 
will be Expeditious In sending the things we wrote for, as I 
wait for Nothing but there Arrival, to set of for my Winter 
Quarters to get a house built & to Come [ ] 

if we Leave we will send [ ] 

than we have this, all the traders [ ] 

Nor do I believe Capt". Brown Likes there [ ] 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 155 

as it takes some of his perquisites from him. nor do I think 
from what I can Learn that he will admit them to go Again. 
I am Constantly at his table & a great favourite, the Battoe 
the Letters goes by Is just seting Off Otherwise should have 
wrote to you the particulars of what I mentioned to you In One 
of my former Letters but shall do it before I Leave this place. — 
I have the Honour to be with Great Respect 

My Dear Sir W"". 

Your Most Obhdged & Most 
Ob'. Humble Servant 

Ferrall Wade 
P. S. they Give hear now 
1 0/6 p"^ pound for Beaver 
& 2 1 / for Otters I hope 
whoever you Order to sell Our 
furrs as they are prime stuff 
will sell them for Our Interest 



The Honourable 

Sir W"* Johnson Bar' 
at Johnson Hall 

June22d 1771 — 

& 301^. M^ Wades letter 

A. L. S. 

Albany 22^ June 1771 

[ ] 

I came heere last Wednesday in order to take up the three 
protested Bills of Col° Croghans and at the Same time to 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

156 Sir William Johnson Papers 

endeavour to Sell the two Small patents of half pay Lands which 
I find to be a very difficult task, no one having Money, however 
by the advice of Harry Cuyler & John Stevenson I propose 
Staying heere Some days of this insuing Week, there being a 
large Concourse of people Expected for the Court when I may 
probably find a Chap having an absolute want of money to pay 
Joseph Brant, & others on the Mohawk river, who are ever 
teazing me on that head 

You will please to pardon my not attending at Johnstown next 
Munday, on this account, as my Staying heere a few days may 
Save me a return to this place 

I have the honor to be with the most profound respect 


Your most Obed' most 

Humble & Grateful Servant 

Aug Prevost 
The Honorable 
Sir William Johnson 

[22d] June 1771 — 

Major Prevosts letter 


A' York June 24, 1771 

[ ] 

[ Tr]yon has been very Success [ful] 

[ ] this troublesome Regulators, Whom 

[ ] Severely checked by diminishing 

their Numbers. He is expected here this week or fortnight. Our 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 157 

present Governor is resolved or keeping the Government, if 
possible, he has employed every power that he could inlist at 
home for this purpose. And I well know that M"" Tryon's heart 
& Soul are set upon this Seat of Government in preference of 
any other in the Western World, so that unless the pacquet, 
which is hourly expected, should decide peremptorily in favor 
[of] Lord Dunmore, we shall have a new and, [most] likely, 
a very uncommon Scene acted in this [ci]ty. We have nothing 
else new. I am 

Sir William 

Your most faithfuU Serv' 

Ja R 

The Enclosed was forgot to be packed 
with M"^ Adam's things, it is the Top of 
an Urn for Tea. 

A. L. S. 

New York 24 June 1771 
Sir William 

Your last Favour inclosed me an Order for the Balance of 
my Account. I have not demanded it on M"^ Mortier — The 
proprietor's of Oriskene have yet left 2 full shares unpaid, but 
I hope M^ J DeLancey and M^ John H Cruger will soon pay 
them to M"". Wallace, who will then pay the whole to me at 
which Time I shall be enabled to pay the Officers their Fees 
for those two large Grants — Preston and the others In a 
former Letter you desired me to advance the Fees of M"". Adam's 
proportion of the Indian Purchase back of Gary's Land on the 
South Side of the Mohawk River; his Fees enclusive of the 
Surveyer General's amounted to £ 1 1 2 . . 1 4 . . 1 1 1/2 which Sum 
I advanced and shall charge the same to your Account. I wish 
when Adams comes to Town you would empower and order him 
or any other Person to receive for you what remains due from 

158 Sir William Johnson Papers 

General Gage and the Walter Family. I mention this not to 
avoid the Trouble to myself, but because I think you will 
Sooner get it by that Method than by leaving it to me, as I have 
spoke about it several Times without Effect — As to the Earl 
of Illchester's you'l be careful that it is not included within the 
purchase to be made in that Quarter by Jelles Fonda & asso- 
ciates unless they pay you the Monies you have advanced. You 
mention'd in a former Letter that I had left several particulars 
unanswered — pray point them out that I may do it without any 
longer Delay — There are Doubts it seems whether M"^ 
Renselaer^ got his Commission which he sollicited when here. 
The Governor and Cap' Fay are both out of Town, or I should 
inform you with Certainty as to that Matter — We Expect 
Colonel Tryon in about 1 Days or a Fortnight, By which Time 
I imagine the Packet will disclose to us the King's pleasure in 
respect to M^ Tryon's Commission 

I am D S-^ William 

your affectionate & 

dev*. Servant 

G^ Banyar 


the Honorable Sir William Johnson 
Johnson Hall 


N York 24'I> June 1771 
M^ Banyar's letter 

^ Lieutenant Colonel John Van Rensselaer. 
2 In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 159 


In the Johnson Calendar p. 488, is Hsted a letter of June 25, 1771, 
from Rev. Harry Munro, Albany, forwarded by Joseph Brent, concerning 
an attempt to disturb the peace of his congregation, (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 4:452-53; Q, 4:282.) 


Johnson hall June 27^^. 1771 


I am favored with your Letter of last Month in answer to 
mine concerning M^ Tice, — Since which the Lands he is con- 
cerned in have been divided, and the Deeds for partition are now 
preparing so that he will Soon have it in his power to make a 
Conveyance of his part, on which head I cannot but advise you 
to accept of his proposals, because I can truly say they are of 
good Value, from their Situation between two large Settlements, 
and much nearer to the Market than any other of the new Pur- 
chases, neither can I avoid Suggesting that from the State of his 
circumstances hitherto your debt will be much better secured at 
any rate, than if he should go about to dispose of it to others — 
I mention this from honest motives, having not the least concern 
with his Affairs, but that as I see him now Industrious, I could 
wish to see him yet enabled to acquire an honest livelyhood, — 
I believe he has been less carefull but am walling to hope he is 
not ungratefull Indeed he has always spoken well of his 
Creditors but I very much doubt whether it has been in his power 
to pay any large debt as his Charges at first settling here must 
have gone far into his profits & he was inclined to think that 
the Land wo*^ have been agreable, from the advantages it 
possesses. If therefore upon farther consideration of the matter, 
you will accept it, I am really of opinion you'll find your 
Advantage in it. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

160 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am much obliged to you for your offer of the Gore of Land 
but as my Tract is large, & I have caused the rear Line to be 
well Marked with Monuments, I w^. not incline to take in a 
piece behind it. 

M'* DiRCK Brinkerhoff 


June 27th 1771 _ 

To M^ Dirck Brinkerhoff 
concerning M*^. Tice. 


Johnson hall June ZJ^K 1771 
D« Sir, 

I have had the favor of your Letter of the 1 0'^. Ins' and about 
the same time receiving intelligence by Messengers from Tho*. 
King that he was arrived with his party at the Scioto plains, the 
usual Meeting place from whence he had sent belts & Messages 
to the Sev' Nations to meet him there, — That he had since sent 
other Messages to hasten them, but that as these Nations had 
but newly left that place where they had held a great Council 
he attributed their delay thereto; and that he purposed to send 
once more throughout them to Assemble to receive the purport 
of the Embassy w'^ which he was charged. — Agreable to what 
I mentioned in a late Letter, I sent a Message desiring to speak 
with the Chiefs of each Nation and have Just now heard that 
they are on the Road and may be expected down within a few 
days, when I shall take the best measures I can with them in 
Consequence of the late Intelligence. — 

The Measures taken by the Creeks to restrain the Settlers 
within bounds, are the best that can be devised, so long as they 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 161 

Extend no farther, but It's Extremely difficult to say what lengths 
either they or the frontier Inhabitants will go, when provoked, 
as neither pay much regard to Laws or Government 

[To] His Excell-y 

[Lt Gen^] Gage 

indorsed : 

June 27th 1771 — 

To Lieut Gen'. Gage 


A. L. S. 

[ ] Schenectady 28 June 1771 

[Do]ctor Muirson f™ Long Island who [ ] kindly 

of You called at my house this [ ] piece of Intelligence 

w*='^. I send [ ] amusement tis quite fresh fr*" N. York 

[ ] nothing to add but my best wishes for y^ health 

mine is restored so far as relates to the acut[e] disorder I com- 
plained of lately & am with great respect 

Y"" most Obedient & most humble Serv*. 

P. S. this intelligence I got copyed 
f™ a Manuscript he gave me 


[The battle]' at the Alamasa River was on the 16*^. May 
[Governor's] Army was 1 1 00. 
[The] Regulators — about 3000. 

^ In handwriting of Richard Shuckburgh, and inclosed in his letter of 
June 28, 1771, to Johnson. 

^ Battle between the troops of Governor Tryon of North Carolina and 
the so-called Regulators, May 16, 1771. 

162 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Governour before the Battle sent a Message to the Regu- 
lators to Lay down their Arms and Deliver up their Principals 
or Ringleaders which they refused. 

The Governour sent a second Message by the High Sheriff 
if they did not disperse in one Hour he would fire on them, In 
Conformity to an Act of Assembly pass'd last Session for that 
purpose which they also refused and treated both Messages with 

During the Hour Stipulated the Regulators call'd out for 
Battle and Some came within the Governour's lines and wounded 
several of the Governours Army, when the Hour expired the 
Goverour order'd the Coll°. of the Artillery to fire which he 
instantly obey'd on which ensued a Heavy fire on both sides 
for Two Hours, of the Governour's party 10 Kill'd & 60 
Wounded, of the Regulators 300 Kill'd & wounded, 30 
Prisoners & 60 Horses taken by the Governours party. 

A few Days before the Battle a number of Gentlemen from 
the back Settlements on Horseback well equipp'd offered their 
Service to the Governour formed themselves into a Troop & were 
of great Service. 

After the Battle the Governour issued a Proclamation to 
pardon all those who would surrender themselves, deliver up 
their Arms and take the Oaths of Allegiance, in 1 2 Days after 
the Battle 1300 Surrendered and more were daily coming in. 

Colb. Waddle was intercepted by the Regulators with about 

This Ace*, is from a Gentleman who was in the Battle & in 
the Camp 12 Days after the Battle. 


Ace' of the Battle at the 
Alamansee River fought 
the 16^ May 1771 — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1 763-1 774 163 


Schoharry June 28 — 1771 

Honoured S**, I have Received the within Letter From m' 
William Smith of the City of New York which gives me to 
understand that your honour and the honourable S"^ Henry 
Moore Deceased have paid their full proportions of their 
Right In their Right of the Six and thirty thousand acre 
patent granted to your honour S"^ Henry Moore My Self and 
others tho it is true your honour and S"^ Henry Moore has paid 
their full proportion of the Said 36 thousand acre patent Except 
the Indian Right and what your honour and S"^ Henry Moore 
has paid more then your par[t] for the Said patent You Shall 
have again or [ ] much Land out of the patent to the 

Value of the money and Desiring that your honour will Send 
me and answer of what you intend to Do In what is mentioned 
in the within Mentioned Letter and so No more at present from 
me your friend and most humble Serv* 

Johanes Lawyer 
addressed : 

To the 

Honerable S^ William Johnson 

Johnsons Hall 

June28^ 1771 

M'. Joh*. Lawyer 
rec^. at y«. Month 
of July — 

Ans^. July 4 [ ] 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

164 Sir William Johnson Papers 


June y^ 28^ 1771 


For Files for the Smith 

Three Large Coarse Rubers 

Four Flat D" 


Four Half Round Large D° 


Four Smal Flat D° 


Two three Square Large D° 


Two Ratt tail D° 


Two Flat Smooths 


one Half Round D° 


Four warding files 




In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:984-85; Q, 2:570, is a letter to Goldsbrow 
Banyar concerning an Indian who professes to be a Shawanese but appears 
to be a Pani slave; suggesting that the Indian be allowed to work for 
his freedom rather than be sent as a slave to the West Indies. Dated 
June 28, 1771. 


A. L. S. 

Albany 29 June 1771 
Sir William Johnson Bar*: 

Jest now Recived your faver I have furnist your order excipt 
the 3 Corse Robbers I had not nor Cole Git them Sheet Iron 
I Donte No of Any In towne but I Expact it Every Day from 
home In haste 


Your Humble Servant 
Wessel Van Schaick 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 165 


Alby. June29, 1771 

M"". Wessel Vanschaiks 
Letter & Bill of Parcels 


A. L. S. 

Schindy 29iK June 177/ 
HoN«''. Sir/ 

I Receved Your favore by the post & will Send up a battoe 

of Coarn to M"^ Fondas on Monday Next, June 21*'^ I Sent a 

battoe Lood to M'^ fondas with 4 boxes of pipes 1 bale blanckets 

N° 4 one hhad one barrel & 1 Cask not full all three Tobacco 

Do 21 To 1 battoe to Do. with 8 barrels 13 half D". & 1 

Quarter Cask of Powder and 4 boxes of Gunns. 

D° 21 to 1 Battoe to Do. with 7 barrels 16 half D" of Powder 

& 4 boxes of Gunns. 

Do 24 To 1 Battoe to Do. with 10 boxes Gunns 1 hhad 

Tobacco and Isaac Ross his bar^. pork. 

Do 26 To 1 Battoe to Do with 6 Chists Gunns 23 gammons 

1 Bell & the hammor & 24 Skippels of Indian Coarn 

Do 26 To 1 Battoe Lood to Canajogaree w**. 75 Skippels of 

Indian Coarn and for Joseph 1 plow Shaer & 2 


The Indian Coarn Came in a bad Condition if I had not to a 

had a Large please & workt Every Day in it to Eaze it it whould 

not been good for any Greater it all but happely it Came in a 

good Dray time to Dray it I dont Doutch but M' Adems 

aquanted Your Honer of it as he was present when Some of it 

Came & what Quanty 

I am Sir with Complements 

Your Most Obediant H. Servant 

Jno B V EPS 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

166 Sir William Johnson Papers 


June 29^ 1771 — 

M^ Van Eps Letter 



Sir William Johnson Bar*. &c &c 
Johnson Hall 


Niagara June SO^K 177/ 
Dear Sir W". 

I have been hear this ten days Extremely ill of a favour, at 
present I am pritty Well Recovered and Intend seting off In two 
days this is the Last time we shall be hear for Another Year. 
I have sent to M*". Funda Six packs of parchment skins W'. 
632"'. — if you think proper to Let M^ Campbell have half of 
them it will be a means to Establish our Credit as You desire 
We may, however we Leave it Intirely to yourself not having 
wrote a word to Campbell about them. 

I promised you Sir, to give you my Reasons why I dont keep 
up Any Correspondence with my Brother Francis, before I 
went to Europe Wells & Wade Owed Frank & Me a Large 
sum of Money. I being In Phi*. Frank told me he thought I 
had better go. I Agreed to it & set of with a full power of 
Attorney to take Goods or Anything On his Account, & after 
I rec*^. the Goods was to sell them to be best Advantage. I 
Arrived at Mon[ ] was there two Months before I could 

bring them to [ ] Settlement. In that time I rec*^. several 

pressing Letters from Frank, his great Want of Money, I sent 
him a [ ] of my Own On Mess". Barckley & Jons 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1 763-1 774 167 

for £300. Sters. Money I had Lodged In England, after 
that I got to the Amount of £ 1 500 Currency In Remnants & 
Other bad goods which I sold at Publick sale & has shown him 
the sales & the Goods I rec^. did not pay me what Frank Owed 
me besides the £300. — he had a draft from me for £141 
more, he was also to pay half my Expences which he has taken 
Care to Give me no Credit for, still he persists that I Owe him 
six or seven hundred pounds. I told him My sentiments Clearly 
about it when In Phi*, he told me then he hoped if it was Ever 
In my power that I would not take Advantage of his power. 
I told him it was no Advantage but doing myself justice, if I 
had £ 1 0000 I never will pay him a farthing of it without he 
Can Recover it by Law, which I know he cannot having had 
the Advice of a Imminent Lawyer on it. 

[Any] One he thought I had any Connection with he tells 
[ ] Writes what Money I Owe him, which is a great 

prejudice to me. now Sir, I will Let you know his behaviour [to] 
me. when I was In the Greatest Distress that Man could be, 
when I came to Phi*. In a most Deplorable Condition it was 
an Acquaintance Rec'^. me not my Own flesh & Blood as to 
Frank he had the Baseness to tell me he Could not Ask me to 
his house I was such a Vagabond Instead of Softening my 
Misfortune, neither did I Eat or Drink In his house. Even 
when I was Leaving Phi*, he never had the Nature to take 
Leave or see me, nor to know Whether I had a penny In my 
pocket, this is a B"^. with whom I have Laid out thousands of 
Your Money Sir, & My Own then nothing was too good for 
me. my Sister was something better, but not much, for she was 
Constantly Driving daggers to My heart by reproaches for what 
was past, she gave me but £5. — Coming Away a small sum. 
but a Worthy friend of mine gave both Cloaths & Money, 
after such behaviour I am sure I have no Right to Correspond 
with them, at the same time I wish them All happiness which 

168 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I believe is Lost from me [ ] My Compliments to 

Sir John, the Gentlemen & Ladies and believe me to be Eternally 

My Dear Sir W"". 

Your faithfull & Most Oblidged 
& Most Humble Servant 

Ferrall Wade 


A. L. S.i 

Earsdon 1 

2 July I77l\ 
May it Please your Lordship/ 

I make bold to Write these few lines to your Lordship & to 
Satisfy you of being my Father, y"" Lordship may think it Strange 
of not being acquainted Sooner, which I would have done, but 
I living in a Village in the Country together with the nature of 
my Birth and being dash'd at such an Undertaking were the 
Obsticles that retarded my Writing. I hope your Lordship will 
please to hear the Account I am able to give and what my 
Mother made me Sencible of before her Death Sometime about 
Fifty Years since y"". Lordship lay at Berwick I believe w'*^ the 
Regm' you then belong'd to. My Mothers name was Sarah Bassit 
Daughter of Richard Bassit a native of Ireland, My Mother 
Sarah Bassit who then was a Young Woman dress'd your Linnen 
the time you lay in Berwick, she then prov'd with Child to your 
Lordship but was not discoverd till you were gone from Berwick 
none of the Family had the Oppertunity of Seeing you since 
I have been Married 30 Years to one Rich"^. Bell of Earsdon 
I have bom him 5 Sons & 5 Daughters Viz* Isabella Jane 
Serena Ann & Mable Ann is dead the rest living the Names 
of my 5 Sons is Henry Richard John Joseph & WilHam my 
eldest daughter is Married to one Jos'^: Lamb of Newcastle a 

^ In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Post-War Periol 1763-1774 169 

very Honest & Credable Man — She has born him 3 Sons & 
3 Daughters Viz* Joseph Rich^. & John Marg*. Martha & 
Isabella as I had not the Happiness of having your Lordship to 
do any thing for me if you'd please to think upon y^ Grand- 
childer or any of y^ great Grandchilder as they are the fruits 
from y^ Lordship's Body and by helping them to a little 
advancement as y"^ Lordship may think fit, wou'd be a means 
of adding a Luster to the Family they have all very good 
Charectors w*'^ can be attested and hath behavd themselves very 
well this far tho they are but Young My Husband bear's an 
excellent Charector & is esteem'd by all that knows him So I 
conclude & makes bold to Subscribe my Self y^ Dutifull 

Serena Johnson 
but now Serena Bell 

If your Lordship be pleased to Send me an Ans'. Please to 
Direct for Richard Bell Heelmaker in Earnsdon to the care 
of M""^ Mary Guardam the Sign of the Blank & Gray in Norpeth 

S'. W"". Johnson Bar*. 

at New York 

North America 


Earsdon 2^. July 1771 

Mr\ Serena Bells letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

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172 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Canajoharry July 3^. 1771 
Honourable Sir, 

I am Desired From William Empie Liveing In Stonraby and 
Hendrick Wolleber Living on M^ Henery Vandreesses Land 
To Trouble Your Honour With a Few Lynes Informing You 
that they Would take up three Certain Lotts of Land out of Your 
tract of Land here and are Known By the Name of Lott N°. 6, 
N°. 7 and Lott N°. 8. if they Could have it upon a Certain 
Term of So many Years for the Same Rent mentioned In your 
advertizement That is to Say For 50 or 60 or 70 or 80 Years 
According to S^ WiUiams mind, otherwise For term of three 
Lifes if they Could have it on Such a Condition to take y^ first 
Life Upon themself and that they Could have the Liberty to 
Will the other two Lifes to their Children afterwards, if S^ W™. 
Would agree to this they Say that their are severall more on 
Stonraby Which Would then Dispose off their Land and Settle 
on Your Land. This two persons have Been Down a few Days 
ago But having hath no Oppertunity to Speake to S"^. W™. 
They Further Beg the Favour of Your Honour For an Answer 
In a Few Lynes 

I am 

Your Most Humble 

Jacob Snell 


A. L. S. 

London [July 3 1771] 


I had the Honor of writing you [^ Capt Munds Copy] 
whereof You have herewith — since which am without [any of 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 173 

your] Favors — one of the Clerks at the Board of Trade [has 
wrote me] a Letter that no such Grant has yet been given to 
M'' Wharton & I fear from some hints that this Gent" is not in 
the most flourishing Circumstances — M"^ Roberts Call'd upon 
me a few days ago & mention'd His having receved some money 
from Government on Acco* of His disbursements & Services & 
was promis'd a provision in case of any Vacancy in America — 
I wish he may succeed — but am fearful He don't pay that 
attention to His own Interest which His own Friends wish 
Him — every good office in my power shall be extended to Him 
on Your Account — as I really believe Him to be a very honest 
though imprudent Man. 

We have little or no News Stirring but what the publick 
prints will inform You of; the Bustle about Sheriff is decided 
in favor of Wilkes — & some Persons imagine He will be the 
means of creating fresh trouble in the City — I hope You will 
not think my Letters impertinent, as they flow from a Motive 
of Respect — for be assur'd that it will always afford me a 
particular pleasure in testifying to You how much I am 


Your obliged & obed hble Serv* 

John Blackburn 
addressed : 

Sir W"". Johnson Bar*, 
at Fort Johnson 
near Albany 
To the Care of M^ John Weatherhead 
New York 

New York 28 Aug'. 1771 
Receivd & forwarded by Sir 
Your most Humble Servant 

John Wetherhead 
^ pacquet 

174 Sir William Johnson Papers 


London 15'^^ June [ ] July 

1771 — 

M^ Blackburns letters 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 489, are listed two letters of July 4, 1 771 : 
one to Rev. Mr Inglis, stating the obstacles to the Christianization of 
Indians and reasons for their conversion to the English church, mentioning 
a conference with 300 Indians (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:453—55; 
Q, 4:282^83) ; and one to Dr Samuel Auchmuty, considering the English 
churches at Conajoharee and Johns Town, the Lutheran minister and 
(WilHam Hanna) in connection with English orders, and the appHcation 
of the Maryland and Virginia clergy for an American bishop (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:455-57; Q. 4:284.) 


Albany July 4^K 1771 

I had the Honour of Writing you the 25*^. May in Answer to 
Yours of the 23^. February which did not come to hand untill 
the 8'^. May and as have Reason to think you have Rec*^. my 
Letter it being Deliverd to Major Fonda by the person who 
Carried it from New York, have been some time in Expectation 
of your answer. Especially as some part of the Letter Contained 
Proposals about Exchanging the Gore of Land I had drawn in 
Glens Patent for one of yours which Coll° Glen Informed me 
you was willing to do, therefore Should be Glad if I Could be 
favoured with a Line from your Honour, as I Shall Stay in 
Albany untill Tuesday Next and Can by no means Come up 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 175 

to your Seat this time otherwise Should with pleasure wait On 

1 am & Remain your Honours Most 

Obedient Hbl^ Serv*. 

DiRCK Brinkerhoff 
The Hon«. Sir W". Johnson 


r 1 Johnson hall July 4^^ 1771 

I have received your Letter, with the Inclosed one from M^ 
Smith concerning the patent near Scohare, The Style of whose 
Letter a little surprised me because I never once heard of any 
Attorneys being appointed for the Representatives of S^ H 
Moore till I received yours, but on hearing that his Executors 
were gone from N York was uneasy least it might occasion some 
difficulty and delay in the Partition of the Lands which I am 
very anxious to have settled, and as desirous that it may be done 
soon, as the Representatives can possibly be, — I can therefore 
see no just reason for M^ Smiths accusing you of neglect, or 
writing as he has done, for the reasons I have given, and as the 
death of S^ H Moore before the partitions of the Lands may 
perhaps make an alteration In the Usual forms, and render it 
necessary for us to act with proper Caution, I really think we 
should first take the advice of Council respecting the Manner in 
which we are to proceed, at the same time acquainting M^ Smith 
that you & the other parties will as soon as possible do whatever 
is Just on your parts, you being as desirous to put an end to the 
business as he can be. — 

M*^. JoHs Lawyer . . 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


July4'h. 1771.— 

To M^ J Lawyer at 

Scohare, concerning the 

Patent in wch the late S^ H Moore 

was concerned. — 

D. S. 

Sir William Johnson's Account of Postage 

1 770 dwt 

May 1 1 4 Letters 36 

20 1 Do 5 

June 2 1 Do 18 

25 3 Do 14 

30 1 Do 5 

Aug* 11 1 Do 18 

17 2 Do 20 

20 1 Do 6 

Sept"^ 2 1 Packet 42 

1 Do 10 

Octo"- 6 1 Letter 6 

13 2 Do 23 

20 1 Do 5 

Nov>^ 9 2 Do 14 

23 2 Do 12 

Dec^ 8 1 Do 5 

23 1 Packet 28 


Jany 2 2 Letters 10 

19 3 Do 20 







Inclosed in Monier's letter of July 29, I 771 to Sir William Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 

Feby 2 2 0° 14 

Mar^ 3 1 D° 4 

10 2 D° 10 

17 1 Do 

24 1 D« 

30 1 Do 

April 6 3 Do 

20 2 Do 

27 1 Do 

Bro' forward 


Brot Forward 

May 1 1 6 Letters 

25 2 Do 


456 . . 1 6 at 3^^ Sterling 
is £9. .15. .9 


Bro*. Down £9.. 15. .9 

Deduct a Ballance 

due to you last 

year being overpaid 6 . . .4 

Due to the Post office 

NB There was 41 /5 1/2 more due 
to you, but as that was the amo*. 
of Colonel Claus and Johnsons 
last years Postage, I Stopt it 
agreeable to Colonel Johnsons 
























178 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson's 
Acco* of Postage up to the 
4 July 1771 

A. L. S. 

Niagara S''' July 1771 


Monsieur Maisonville will have the honor of presenting you 
with this He has mentioned to me some reports that they had 
lately at Detroit, with regard to the Put,to,v/at,ta,mies, and 
Ke,ca,pus, having taken some white Scalps from Fort Charteres 
the first one, and the Latter four. Monsieur Maisonville left the 
Illinoise this Spring and no doubt is able to give you Several 
particulars — He informs me that His Principal Bussiness at 
New York is on acco* of Some Lands that were granted to him 
and others, by Pondiac and some other Indian Cheifs in the name 
of their patron in presence of Colonel Croghan, and on which 
Lands he has expended Considerable Sums of money in Build- 
ing &*=*. He adds that now the Houses are orderd to be 
evacuated and thrown down. He means to Sollicit your Pro- 
tection, as you are much better acquainted with the Gentleman's 
merit & Services than I can pretend to inform you, it is unneces- 
sary for me to say any more on that Subject. 

Our Neighbours the Ind"* Still continue to make professions 
of Friendship, I hope that they are Sincere, They sometimes 
mention their Expectations of a Visit from you this Season — 
At,ton,got, has been lately here, he says that he will go no more 
to War, but will remain in his [ ] to assist in keeping his 

people in good order. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 179 

I have the honor to be with the greatest respect 


Your most obedient and 
Most humble Servant 

John Brown 

The Honb'^ 

Sir W^ Johnson 


July 8* 1771 — 

Cap'. Browns letter 

^ M^ Maisonville 

Ans^'^ — 


Bristol on Delaware 
July 8"". 1771 — 

last weeck I had the pleasure to receive your favour of 6''^. of 
last month and return you heereby my hearthy thancks for the 
Speedy Conveyance of the Draft on M"". Mortier, as also for 
your Kind Expressions in my favour Regarding the works to be 
Carried on at Philadelphia. 

The Peacable accounts we received lately from England have 
in Some measure put a Stop to the Said works; and the final 
result wether they are to be put in Execution depends on the 
Meeting of the Assembly of this Province which is to be next 
September. — this intervale gives me time to recruit my Health, 
with the assistance of the Bath heere, of which I have all ready 
received great benefit. — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

180 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I remain with my best wishes for your Heahh & Prosperrity, & 
with perfect respect 


Your most obedient 

& most humble Serv* 

Geo. Demler 
S«. William Johnson. 

as Several of my Letters to 
M'. Prevost have been very long 
on the Road before they reached 
him, I have taken the liberty 
to enclose one heere and beg youll 
pardon my freedom in so doing 


Bristol on Delaware 
JulyS'h. 1771 — 

M^ Demlers letter 
w''^. an Inclosure — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 489, is Hsted a letter from James Rivington 
to Sir William Johnson, written at New York City July 8, 1771 
acquainting with the arrival of Governor Tryon from North Carolina 
and with a difference between France and Spain over the Jesuits. 
Destroyed by fire. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1 763-1 774 181 

A. L. S.i 

Lancaster, July 8'^ 1771 — 
Dear & worthy Sir, 

When your most kind Letter, of the 28'^^. of Feb:, came to 
Hand, I had some Reason to apprehend that I was on my 
Journey to that "far Country, from whose Bourne no Traveller 
returns" — An Obstruction in my Liver, which I had felt for 
several Years, attack'd me so severely in the Spring, that I was 
obliged to go Abroad for Relief — This prevented that Atten- 
tion, which was due to your Letter; & which I shall ever be 
ambitious to pay you — By a constant Use of the Puruvian Bark 
I am now in a fair Way of being restored to my former State 
of Health — I am thus particular that you may know the Cause 
of my long Silence, & that I may have the better Claim to your 

I deem it no small Part of the Felicity of my Life that I have 
the Honour of Sir William Johnson's good Opinion & Friend- 
ship — I am sure I have much more Reason than he has to 
"regret the Distance & Peculiarity of Situation", which seclude 
us from "a more friendly Intercourse" — I beg Leave therefore 
to assure him, with great Sincerity, that no merely selfish or 
mercenary Consideration should detain me from the Pleasure of 
a nearer Communication with him — But tho' I am for the 
present depriv'd of this Satisfaction, yet I cannot relinquish the 
Hopes that I shall one Day enjoy it, & partake. Worthy Sir, 
of those "pleasing Prospects", which you have so elegantly 
represented — 

Your Account of M^ Stuart does him much Honour — There 
can be no Doubt but he will do Credit to his Appointment — 
He is a prudent, sensible, good Man, & will be zealous in the 
Discharge of the important Duty he has undertaken — I have a 

^ In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

182 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Letter from D^ Burton, of the 5'^. of April, in which he observes 
that the Society are very attentive to all your Recommendations; 
& are resolv'd, as far as their Funds w^ill allow, to make the 
Mohawk Country a principal Object of their Attention & 
Bounty ; — at least till such Times as the Government shall be 
pleas'd to take the Expence of civilizing & instructing the Heathen 
upon themselves; which, he says, "has been frequently suggested 
as a prudent Measure both in a political as well as religious 
View" — And he thinks "Something considerable was intended 
to have been done this Session of Parliament, & perhaps may be 
done still, if the present disturb'd State of Affairs at Home will 
permit" — Whenever this Matter becomes a national Concern, 
as it one Day or other most certainly will, we may expect to 
see a glorious & compleat Reformation in the Indian Country — 
To you. Worthy Sir, this pious Work already owes a fair 
Beginning — You have built Churches at your own Expence ; 
& have greatly interested yourself in the Settlement of Mission- 
aries &c. — May you live to experience the happy Effects of 
your Zeal & Generosity — to feel the Comforts of an applauding 
Conscience — and to receive the Blessings of Thousands! — 

I am sorry to tell you that M^ Hall has deceived, or rather 
disappointed, us — He seems desirous to relinquish the Society's 
Appointment to Conojohare, tho' he strongly sollicited & wish'd 
for it — Perhaps you know a proper Person for that place — If 
not, one will soon be sent from hence — 

M^ Andrews is capable of making an useful Missionary — 
From the Reasons you have suggested, there can be no Doubt 
but his Appointment to Schenectady will be attended with 
Success. — 

You mention your "Improvements in Cultivation" — They are 
no Doubt great, & must increase every Day — But will you give 
me Leave to remark that your LoW-Dutch Farmers know little 
of Agriculture? — I observ'd that, instead of ploughing & 
mellowing the Land, they only scrape the Surface with some 
Kind of Machine fastened to a single Horse — I saw the fine 

Posi-War Period. 1763-1774 183 

rich Vale between Schenectady & Fort-Johnson managed in 
that Manner — If the Germans here were to practise such 
Tillage, our Lands rich as they are, would not yield a Tenth 
of their present Products — It is no uncommon Thing for fresh 
Land, in the County of Lancaster, to yield 30 Bushels of 
Wheat — 40 of Indian Corn — 50 of Oats — 8 hundred 
Weight of Hemp, or 5 D°. of Hops, ^ Acre — I pass'd thro' 
some of your Lands which want Nothing but the same Culti- 
vation to yield the same Products — You must therefore drop 
Farming alamode de Hollander, & adopt that of the Conestogo 
Germans, & you will soon have a flourishing & valuable 
Country — The County of Lancaster (which 40 Years ago 
was, by the English, calld the Back Woods, & by the Germans 
the Bush, i. e. the Desert) would now, with its Improvements, 
sell for half a Million of Money — This may, at first, appear 
exaggerated — But let it be considered that there is very little 
Land here, notwithstanding the great Expence of Land Car- 
riage, which would not sell for £ 1 an Acre ; & some for much 
more, tho' (what is very strange!) Land may be purchased for 
half that Sum within a very few Miles of the Capital — This is 
not owing to the Difference in Quality, but to the great & 
deserved Reputation which the Conestogo Lands have obtained 
by the excellent Culture & Management of the High Dutch — 
While I am saying so much in Favour of our Agriculture here, 
I must not forget to mention the Progress we have likewise made 
in some of the Arts, which have been lately introduced among 
us — At Manheim, a little Village about 9 Miles from Lan- 
caster, one Henry William Steigle has erected a Glass-Furnace, 
& has actually made as good Flint-Class^ as any in England — 
He intends to carry on this Business in a very extensive Manner, 
as he receives great Encouragement. In a few Days he intends 
to send you some little Specimen of his Manufacture, as a Mark 
of his Esteem for your Character — 

In the Article of Silk the People here are also likely to 
succeed — A few Famihes in and about this Town have raised 

184 Sir William Johnson Papers 

above 150 thousand Coccoons this Summer — The Success & 
Profit of this Experiment have been so great, that in all Proba- 
bility almost every Family in the County will, in a little Time, 
raise more or less — The Process is extremely simple & easy — 
The whole of it is contained in half a Sheet of Paper, which shall 
be sent you whenever you desire it — Raw Silk is a valuable 
Commodity — It does not interfere with the Mother Country ; 
& may therefore be made an acceptable Remittance. — What 
would you think of introducing this Manufacture among the 
Inhabitants of Johnstown? — I forget whether you have the 
Mulberry Tree — If not, it is easily propagated — We find that 
the English & Italian Mulberry may be raised with as little 
Difficulty, as the Native The former yields a most delicious 
Fruit; & the latter (the Italian) is suppos'd to produce the best 
Food for Silk Worms. Every Family who intends to raise 
Silk should plant at least 20 Trees near their House — One 
Person, with 2 Children of 12 Years old each, will be able to 
manage as many Worms as may, in Six Weeks, produce 50 
pound's Worth of Silk, which is infinitely more than they could 
earn any other Way — I cannot help thinking but that some 
of the Indian Women & Children might be brought to apply 
themselves to this Business, especially when they found it so 
profitable — 

You have heard of a China Manufactory being establish'd 
at Philadelphia — Some pretty good China has been made there, 
but so large is the Capital required to carry it on, & so violent & 
powerful will be the Opposition of the East India Company to 
it, that, without puhlick Encouragement the Proprietors will be 
obliged to drop it — 

I am much obliged to you. Sir, for having thought of me 
respecting a Piece of Land." — I never had a Wish to ingross 
any Quantity; but to secure some clever Spot, where I might 
seat myself, in Case my Zeal should ever carry me into the 
Mohawk Country — The Reasons you have assign'd, for not 
pushing this Matter for me, are quite satisfactory — I shall there- 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 185 

fore entirely acquiesce, & think no more of the Affair — Adieu, 
my dear & worthy Sir; & "may as many Years attend you 
as may be honourable & happy" ! — This is the Prayer of 
Your faithful & affectionate humble Serv'. 

Tho Barton 

P. S. Pardon the Liberty of troubling you with the enclosed — 
I know not how to forward it, but thro' your Care. — I send 
you, by M^ Steigel's Request, a small Sample of his Glass — 
He would willingly present you with Something valuable, but is 
prevented by the Expence of Carriage — 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Lancaster July ^^. 1771 

The Revr^. M^ Bartons 
Letter — 


A. L. S. 

New London [July 10, 1771] 
Dear Sir 

nothing Ever was so great [a] disapointment as writing to 
you from this Place which I was in hopes of taking my Final 
Leave of Several months ago but am so Extreemly unhappy 
that I am not able to get all my Creditors to agree to the Termes 
the most of them are willing to allow me, indeed Some of them 
will not do or Say any thing this number is but small but it is 
the Same thing in my Situation as if the whole were of that 
opinion. I am Very well Convinced they are willing and wish 
for my Removal into your Neighbourhood where as Soon as I 
am a Little Settled they will make their demands upon me this 

In Johnson's hand. 

186 Sir William Johnson Papers 

is what I am Resolved never to put in their power. I have said 
and done all I Could to induce them to Come to Some Termes 
have asked a Lycence [ ] the End of which [ ] 

deliver up Every Farthing I have [and] then trust to their good- 
ness for a discharge. [I] have Convinced them that I have been 
this three years Support'd almost wholy by your Bounty and 
that I have no Prospect of getting into any Business that may 
Support my Family or do any thing for them but by your means, 
and that tho^. you are so kind as to assist me and my Family 
they have not the Least Right to Expect or Even think you 
will or Can pay any money I owe, and that not\vithstanding the 
Terible Situation I am in which would be altered the moment 
I Leave this Place, I Cannot and will not Leave it before my 
Affairs are so Settled that I may do it with Safety, as this will 
be only adding more troubles to those I am already 
unhappily involved in, I am Sure by the last of may 
Every thing of this Sort would be Finished or I Should have 
taken [ ] method Nor [ ] 

[ ] able to pay their debts presented [ ] 

our Assembly in may (and I was [ ] 

Prep'd to do the Same) all of whom g[ot] the Relief they 
asked for — I Still am in hopes my Cretiders will do what I 
ask of themselves and Shall Set out for M^ Beverly Robinsons 
next Tuesday and if I am so happy as to Succeed hope to see 
you almost as soon as this gets to hand. 

I have delayed Writing being fully perswaded Every Post 
would Bring me what I desired and that I might be able to Set 
out for the Hall. Living now in a Strange way here I know your 
goodness and Benevolent dispo[siltion so well that I am sure my 
Distress will give you pain but I hope I Shall have your appro- 
bation in not Moving untill I can settle my Affairs so as to do it 
without fear of [ ] with Lawsuits [ ] 

[ ] things on this Subject but it is [ ] 

agreable. I am afraid I have already troubled you two much. 
I will see you very Soon whether I get my matters Settled or not 
I Still have the greatest hopes they will be Finished to my Satis- 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 187 

faction, and am with M" Chews and my best Respects and most 
Earnest wishes for your heahh and Happiness 

Dear Sir 

Yr most Dutifull 

& most Obed* Serv' 

Jos Chew 
The Honbi<= 
Sr W^ Johnson Barr* 


July[ ]1771- 

M^ Chews letter 


Johnson hall July 10'^ 1771 


Your very friendly Letter of the 30th of May did not come to 
my hands till yesterday, when a Gentleman delivered it to me who 
accidentally found it at an house in Albany, but knew nothing 
of the farther Defence^ which I suppose accompanied it neither 
have I heard any thing farther of it Except that D"^ Auchmuty 
has mentioned your kind Intentions. — I must own, at the same 
time that I Give you my most kind thanks for sending this publi- 
cation to me That I consider myself greatly disappointed in not 
having it in my power to tell you how much I am gratified with 
this farther Instance of your distinguished Abilities in favor of 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

- Rector of St John's Church, EHzabethtown, N. J. 

3 In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

* "He pubHshed an appeal to the public in behalf of the church of 
England in America, 1767; a defence of his appeal, 1769; a further 
defence of his appeal, 1771." — WilHam Allen, The American Bio- 
graphical Dictionary. 

188 Sir William Johnson Papers 

our Church, as I am fully persuaded from your former publi- 
cations that the perusal of this would have yielded me new 
Satisfaction, and proved a fresh Testimony of your Zeal & 
Capacity for Vindicating its Conduct. 

As I hear M"" Wetherhead left N York sometime ago tho' he 
has not been as yet here I will not despair of getting your present 
as possibly it may be in his hands and that he chuses to deliver 
it in person 

It is impossible to avoid some degree of personal altercation 
in Controversies that have subsisted for anytime, I am under no 
apprehension of finding you to have given in too much to what 
you Justly Stile an Epidemical Evil, your former productions are 
proofs that you Stand in little need of such resources. — As for 
the little part which I take in these matters I think it the duty 
of every good Man to contribute all in his power to promote 
the Interests of a Church, that has such Strong pretensions to 
protection and I only wish that my endeavors were of conse- 
quence enough to Intitle more to the Compliment you pay me. — 
I am fully persuaded that by perseverance we shall at last attain 
the Object of our reasonable Wishes, but this Subject I shall 
not at present inlarge upon, as I am in hopes of recovering the 
Pamphlet, & paying the Tribute due to its Merit in another 
Letter. — In the mean time allow me to assure you of the true 
friendship with which I am &c 

D'*. Chandler 


[Johnson hall, July 1U^ 1771] 

I ] 

During a Congress with the [ J 

at this place I have been visitted by 22 Indians Depy^ from the 
Village of Caghnawaga in your Government who represent that 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 189 

two Indian Families there have expressed an Intention to bring 
some French Families & Settle them on the Lands reserved for 
their common use, the ill consequences of which and the bad 
tendency of such a precedent they have fully enlarged upon, & 
particularly intreated my interposition to prevent it — Sensible 
of the propriety of their objections to such Settlements but at 
a loss how to prevent them effectually, I Judged it best to men- 
tion it to you In whose power I apprehend it is to restrict White 
Men from Ind" Lands so circumstanced. 

It would be no difficult matter for me to point out to you the 
many just reasons for Gratifying the request of the Indians and 
for preventing Settlements, that will be the cause of much 
Trouble, & disturbance, but as I am now in the midst of a 
Treaty I have scarcely a Moments Time to Spare, & as Coll 
Claus who goes forthwith to Canada, can lay them fully before 
you I take the Liberty of referring you to his Information con- 
cerning these particulars, persuaded that You will take any Step 
in your power that is necessary for preserving the Quiet of that 
part of your Province, and restoring Tranquillity to the Indians. 

I am with much Esteem 

The Honble Hect^. 

Tho^ Cramahe Esq^ 

Comd^ in Chief 

of y*. Province of Quebec^ 


July 161^ 1771 — 

To the Hon'^'*^. Hect^ Theo^ 
Cramahe Esq"^ L*. Gov"", 
of the Prov". of Quebec. 

^ This addition in Johnson's hand in place of "Lt. Govr. of Quebee" 
which is crossed out in the manuscript. 

190 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S.i 

New York July 15^^ JJII 
Dear Sir, 

I thank you for your Letter of 27*^. June, and hope you will 
receive such Answers from the Sioto Indians, to the Messages 
delivered by Thomas King, as will insure Tranquility. I have 
late Letters from the Lakes, every thing quiet at Niagara and 
Detroit, at Missilimakinac there is News of Quarrells amongst 
Many Nations. I send you an Extract of my Letter on those 

The French at the Ilinois and Post Vincent complain of our 
Setting the Cherokees and Chikesaws to molest them and that 
the Death of Pondiac committed by a Peorie of the Ilinois, and 
believed to have been excited by the English to that Action, 
had drawn Many of the Ottawas and other Northern Indians 
towards their Country to revenge his Death. These Circum- 
stances occasions they say great Fear amongst the Inhabitants, 
who pray for Redress. 

They are turning the Tables upon us, by way of answering 
our Complaints against their own Intrigues. I am v^th great 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Thos. Gage 
S«. W". Johnson Bart*. 

INDORSED: July 15«^ 1771 

General Gages letter 
w**^. an Inclosure 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 191 


In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:282-83, is an extract from 
Johnson's proceedings of July 16th with the Six Nations, in which the 
latter declared their fidelity to the English, attribute any past attempt to 
disturb good relations to Gaustarax, the Chenussio chief, now dead, and 
make known their efforts to restore peace about the Ohio river. 


A^ York 17^K July 1771 
D\ Sir 

Tho we seldom write to one another, I flatter myself that we 
do not however forget one another. I take the Liberty of intro- 
ducing to your Acquaintance and good Offices M^ Middleton, 
who delivers this. He is a Gentleman of S. Carolina, who is led 
by Curiosity to visit your Castle, and to make a Tour to the 
Lakes. You will find him a very agreable & polite Companion, 
& I shall consider myself as much obliged to you for any Civili- 
ties you may show him. I have requested M"" Banyar to write 
you also, & shall therefore referr you to him for Politicks and 
an Ace", of our New Governor. 

I hope you have recovered your Health and Spirits And that 
you will venture to visit your old Friends in N. York some of 
these Days; at least I hope you will not pass us again, as in 
going to N. England. I beg my kind Compliments to S^ John, 
to M' Johnson & M' Glaus. 

I am D^ Sir with great Respect 

your most obed'. Serv*. 
INDORSED:^ Peter Middleton 

July 17'h. 1771 — 

D'. Middletons letter 

^ his Namesake 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

192 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York I8^h July J 771 
Dear Sir William 

I take the Opportunity of saluting you by M*^ Middleton a 
Gentleman of Carolina (recommended warmly to our Friend 
Doctor Middleton) who I understand proposes paying his 
Respects to you on his Way to Niagara and the Tour of Quebec ; 
should any thing prevent the Prosecution of this Design he has 
been so good to promise to forward my Letter which I shall not 
therefore confine solely to the Request that you would shew 
him those Civilities which I know he would receive from you 
v^thout my Intercession, and to which his own Merit so well 
intitles him. The Arrival of our new Governor M^ Tyron has 
no doubt reach'd you 'eer this Time. His Fame was loudly 
proclaimed by all our Advices from North Carolina and if a 
Judgment can be formed from the little observation as yet in 
my Power to have made. Experience will confirm the good 
opinion we have received of him from Persons of Distinction in 
the Government he so lately left. He is sensible affable and of 
a most engaging Address Lord Dunmore soon embarks for 
Albany intending to reconnoitre the Lands he has just patented 
East of Crown Point about 20 Miles, or something more. Had 
he staid amongst us, he promis'd soon to have setled it from his 
own Country and I believe he has not yet laid aside that Design. 
You cannot conceive how reluctantly he leaves this Province 
which you will discover immediately from his Conversation 
should he visit your Territories — He still I am told indulges the 
delusive hope of being reinstated in this his favourite Government. 
But the late Atchievement of Governor Tryon equally inclined 
to fix himself here, will I conjecture even bear down the great 
Weight of his Lordship's Interest. I feel for his Disappointment, 
but since the Removal seems absolutely determined, the great 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 193 

Merit of his Successor, not a little Consolatory. I am D^ Sir 
William with the utmost Sincerity 

Your affectionate & 

obed'. humble Servant 

G^ Banyar 
I received your Favour of 
the 25'^^. June 

The Hono'^'e SiR WiLLIAM JOHNSON Baronet 

July 18'^ 1771 — 

M^ Banyars letter 
^ M^ Middleton 

A. L. 5. 

Schlndy July 20^^ 1771 

[ 1 

I ] the block & Takell in the [ ] 

or box is not Come here let, or [ ] 

but I wrote by the post to M'' Cartwright to Send all ameadiatly 
I have here in my Stoor 5 Kags paint 1 Cask of Nails 9 boxes of 
Glass 1 barrel Oile & 6 paint brushes which I shall all forward 
as Soon as the Rest Comes. I have here Coll°. G. Johnsons 
old Read 2 handed battoe which I think ". Doe verry well for 
M"" Bunt I have gate hure Calked pritty thite here is a New 
one I Could buy for £6. .0. .0 but I belive that I Shall Send 
the old one I am Sir Your Most 

Obediant & Humble Servant 

Jn° B V Eps 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
" Line destroyed by fire. 


194 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have here the Great Sinnekoe Indian and Company & also 
Cap' Th*. Willman with his 


July 20'^ 1771 — 

M'. Van Eps Letter 

A. L. S. 

[Peterhead July 2/ 177/] 
I ] 

[ ] Course, and would [not] have been so 

[long] unacknowledged, but for a variety of [ ] 

[ ] detail of v/hich, I will not trouble you with [at] 

present ; only, I must say — You do me but Justice, when you 
assure Yourself, that no avocation of any Nature, can abate the 
Esteem, and well founded Regard, I shall ever preserve, for 
your Person, and for your Family. — 

The Letter you mention to have wrote me last March, that is, 
in 1 770 — never came to my hand, But I acknov>^ledge receiving 
one from Sir John dated Jan^. 1 769, v/hich tho I did not answer, 
I did, what (from the Contents of it) I thought, would be most 
acceptable to him. — 

Long before this reaches You, the Rumours of War will be 
over — and what I regard, as a very sure omen, of seeming 
Peace is, a notice I have had, from the war Office, that H. M. 
intends [ ]ing the West India Reg*^ in the Course of 

the next Spring — in which number, mine is included — [were] 
there any likelyhood of War — that measure would never be 
adopted — because a Body of [sea]soned troops, in such 
Countries, is of the greatest consequence — as to season them 
takes a time [ ] 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 195 

[ ] and Experience [ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] them, to that uncommon degree of Esteem [you] 

are justly held in — by the various nations of Indians, bordering 
upon, and at the Back of, all our American Settlements, and 
as a friend to the whole, I cannot help wishing. Your son Sir 
John would sometimes turn his thoughts to that Quarter. — I 
think it was a Pity — at the last peace — that we did not insist 
on the sole right of Navigation on the Missisipi — and give to 
the Spaniards all the land to the Westward of that river — this 
would have cutt off all Indian Intercourse, but with ourselves — 
& they would then have been under a necessity, of being sup- 
plyed from us — or not at all — as it is, I suppose the French 
& Spaniards, not only supply them, in Part, but poyson their 
minds against us, into the Bargain — This You will know much 
better, and I would like to know your Sentiments, on that 
matter — for, as the French have ceded all to Spain — in Peace 
even (was it held tantam[ount that] such a negotiation might be 
attempted — ' and [ ] Equivalent found, to please 

Spain — We now find the Passage by Iberville, merely Ideall, 
& never can be rendered benenciail to Commerce — 

[ '] 

[ ] are to me [ ] 

[ ] offering — and I am sure You will feel very great 

Satisfaction, in having so greatly contributed to it — It in no 
degree surprises me, that it should be so — tho it begins to alarm 
the landed Interest here — that so many of their young, and 
usefull hands should migrate to America. — and yet, I see no 
possibility of preventing it; for any attempt to that purpose (like 
persecution in Religion) would only incite greater curiosity, & 
render men more obstinate to go. — 

I am obliged to You for the steps you have so kindly taken on 
my Account, exceedingly obliged to You, I assure You — and 

Line burned off. 

196 Sir William Johnson Papers 

by this packett, I have wrote to our friend, honest worthy John 
Watt, to Credit you — the whole outlay, for Patent, fees, & 
quitt rent to Feby 1 771 — and to charge M^ Adam Drummond 
with the same — You may make the transfer to me, at your 
leisure, and lodge it with M^ Watt. — & I have also beggd of 
M^ Watt to pay My future Quitt rent annually — & I will 
settle with him — I would be glad if you gett me a Survey of 
it, marking my neighbours, all round me — I hope you have 
some land of your ov/n near me — & the expence of the survey, 
M"". Watt will also discharge, — & any o^ occationall charge. — 
[ ] without whose [ ] 

will take no step — I see Gov^ Grant [has arrived] from East 
Florida, I imagine upon his private affairs — My Property 
there lies just as it did, when I gott it. — Marriage putt a great 
stop to my Americans Plans of Improvement — and quickened 
those at home — for I think, two or three seasons more will 
compleat the Plan of everything, I possess in Britain — It con- 
sists of about 750 Acres, and I am hopefull, to bring it, to a 
neat £ 1 000 p"" annum, after which, I shall be more free, and 
more able, to do something in America. — att present, on account 
of the Dutchess of Atholls health, I am here, a hundred miles 
from home, but return to Preston Hall, in the course of next 
month, where I shall be happy, to hear as good accounts of you, 
& your family, as your last brings me. — I wish Sir John would 
marry; remember me to him, in the most affectionate manner, 
and tell him, anything from Him, will be most acceptable to 
me. — I wish I knew of anything either You or He, or the Ladies 
would like from hence — It should not be long of coming. — 
remember me kindly to them, & to Cap*" Claus Guy John- 
ston — & any other friends near you. — I can never forgett all 
their kind Attentions to me. — 

[ ] happy [ ] 

[ ] enjoy all good things in this [ ] 

[ ] to be thankfull, for such as we have. — 

The seeds, which you sent me home from the Hall, have pros- 
pered extremely, particularly the Spruce — ; When a good 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 197 

Season happens, I should Hke to have a few more, of the com- 
monest hardy sorts about You — with the names of each, either 
to Leith, or to London, if to the first place for me — to the Care 
of M"^ John Gordon Land Surveyor there — if to the last — to 
the Care of M"^ Harry Foot Strand — London. — The D* sends 
You her best Comp'* and bids me assure You, was she strong and 
well — She'd be glad to make you a Visit — Col Morris left 
us here this morning — and we have the Duke & D* of Gordon, 
and much other company here at present — It being the best season 
for drinking the Mineral Water here, & for Bathing in the Sea, 
a practice, of late years, grown extremely fashionable all over 
Britain. — 

I now putt an end to this long letter, by sincerely wishing 
You every happy ness this Life affords — to hear that You enjoy 
Health and Spirits, will be the most acceptable news. You can 
at any time, convey, to My D^ S^ William 

Yours most warmly 

& cordially 

Ad. Gordon 

New Gov' Tryon, is a very 
[ ] lly man — and a very old 

friend, and bro*^ officer of mine. 

[ ] Johnson B'- &ca &ca 



The Hon'*. 

Sir William Johnson B". &ca &ca 
At Johnson Hall by 

New York 

[ ] 1771 

[ ] Gordons Letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

198 Sir William Johnson Papers 

from ebenezer jessup 

Honoured Sir ^^'^^"^ -^"'^ ^^' ^^^^ 

I just received a letter from M^ Isaac Low, one of the 
Petitioners of the Lands roughly described on a Map I Left at 
the Hall, with orders to purchase of the Indians, the Lands so 
described, for the persons perticularlized on said map; with a 
map of the same. On which is Certified by M^ Banyer the 
Grant, Of their petition praying Leave to purchase, the 31 
Octob^ 1 770 Should have sent up the Map, but as the cer- 
tificates are on it, fear it should miscarry, intend to bring it Up 
myself, after being favour"^, with your Letter, about The affair. 
Interim, think it my Duty to Acquaint Your Honour of it, and 
Desire you", please to inquire of the Indians the price they will 
ask for all the Lands Above the west Branch of Hudsons River, 
on that Map, As I now have orders to purchase for them Gentle- 
men, Think it best to do it all together, or that way Which Shall 
be prescribed by your Honour, on Whose Advice and Asistance, 
Depends the success of, Hon^. Sir, Your Honours, 

Most Obedient, 
Most Obliged, Very Humble Serv'. 

Eben^ Jessup 
Sir William Johnson 

addressed : 


The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Ba^^ 
Johnsons Hall 

Alby. 22d. July 1771 

M"". Jessups letter 
Ans'-d. 7**^. Aug'. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 199 

L. 5. 

[A'thany 22K July 1771] 

I '] 

[ ] them the Bail Bond, in order for them [ ] 

for want of Special Bail — I have often acquainted Cap' Tice 
with this Matter and requested him (in order to avoid the Con- 
sequence of the assignment of the Bail Bond) to file special Bail, 
which has hitherto not been complyed with. As I am by my 
Office Obledged to make such an Assignment or sufferd prose- 
cution against myself I have postponed it untill I could give you 
an oppertunity to be apprized of this Matter, well knowing how 
disagreable it must be to Assign a Bail Bond, where you are 
a partj'^ to Such Bond you'll be pleased to favour me with an 
Ansv/er by the Bearer & remain 

Hon^ Sir, 

With the greatest Esteem 
your very humble Servent, 

Henry Ten Eyck Jun^ 



Sir William Johnson Baronet 
(a) Johnston Hall 


July 22d. 1771 — 

The Sheriffs Letter 

^ Line destroyed by fire. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 


















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Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 



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202 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall July 25^'". 1771 . 
Dear Sir/ 

I Am favored with your Letter of the 15*^. Inst, with the 
inclosure, and v/ith regard to that part relating to the Powte- 
watamies, I look upon it to be a Scheme of that troublesome 
people, with design to Create Misunderstandings and occasion 
a disturbance, Capt Turnbulls" Answer to those of Arbre 
Croche," was therefore very Judicious 

I do not believe that the French at the Illinois &c are under 
so many apprehensions as they would have us believe, Their 
Situation may at Some time Expose them to danger, but that 
is unavoidable. — 

By some Indians Just arrived I have an account that Thomas 
King* is on his v/ay back, and may be here in [about fortnight] 
less than a Month. — 

M"". Maisonville who will have the honor of waiting on you at 
N York has requested that I would mention his Suit to you 
about the Lands at Detroit, the particulars I need not to enlarge 
upon, but I am persuaded that on a plain Representation of 
them, you will Shew him favor If it can be done with any 
propriety, and I think it but Justice to him to say that he has 
demonstrated himself an Useful Man & fast friend to the 
English, and that I Consider Cadot & him as the Two Most 
faithfull Men amongst the French.^ — 

I have had the Indians here for Sev'. Days & have [settled 
finished the business they came upon] at last bro*. things to a 

^ In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

" Captain George TurnbuU of the 6th regiment, in command at 

^ North of Little Traverse bay, Mich. 

* Returning from the Indian congress at Scioto Plains, June-July, 

^ Alexander Maisonville and Baptiste Cadot. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 203 

agreable Issue with them, but as the Congress is only Closed 
within these 2 days, I must deferr giveing you the particulars 
till the next Opportunity. 

I am &c 
His Excell^y 
Lieut Gen^-. Gage. 

A. L. S. 

[New York July 29^ 1771] 

[ 1 

[ ] Duke of Grafton [ j 

[ ], and also that Lord Chatham [ ] 

Camden will go into the Administration. 

Lord Bute is returned in bad Health to Luton hoo in Bedford- 

Lords Strange, Shaftsbury, Elgin & Trevor Bishop at S' 
Davids are dead. Lord Bute Supports Terrick Bp of London 
& the Bloomsbury Party second Egerton Bp of Lichfield to 
succeed to this princely See. Should Egerton fail of the 
Bishoprick His Nephew the Duke of Bridgwater v/ill have the 
Dutchy of Lancaster 

Rodney's fleet is sailed for Jamaica, and S"^ Peter Denis pre- 
paring for the Meditorannean. 

General Leighton is dead & the 32"^ Reg' vacated. 

France is bankrupted the whole Score of State Debts are 
wiped off all pensions and annuities Sunk, that nation is too 
much distracted to disturb the Tranquility of England the 
Existence of which will depend chiefly upon the period of the 
formers being in a Condition to molest it. 

Wilkes & Bull are pressing hard to become the [ ] 

of London They are opposed by Plumb & Kirkman for 

^ Line destroyed by fire. 

204 Sir William Johnson Papers 

General Romanzow was to pass the Danaub the middle of 
May. The Queen has produced another [ ] child. 

I am Sir William 

Your most faithfull Serv' 

Jam^ Rivington 
addressed : 

Sr W"" Johnson Bart 
Johnson hall 

A. L. S. 

[Albany July 29 1771] 


I now Inclose you your Account^ of Postage of Letters up 
to the 4''^. July inclusive, the day that all accounts with the Post 
Office must be finally Settled, Agreeable to the new Regula- 
tion, so that you will be pleased to Transmitt me the Amount, 
of said Account or the Balance being £3. . 1 1 . .0 any time 
betwixt this, & 10 days. I am Respectfully 


Your very hu Servant 

Jn°. Monier 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 



On His Majesty's Service 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Johnson Hall 

1 Printed under date of July 4, 1 771 , 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 205 


July 29'^ 1771 — 

M^ Moniers letter 

[ ] his Acd. Ans"^^. 

& paid by Gallinger 

August 8'^^. 


A. L. sr- 

London h^ August 1771 


I am Honor*^ with your obhging Letter of the 25*^ May 
which came to my Hands on the 1 5^"^ Ult° enclosing therein 
4 Bills Value Two hundred & four pounds Seven Shillings & 
Nine pence which are accepted & when at Maturity will be to 
Your Credit in said Sum — Lieut Roberts has not Call'd upon 
me of late, & His having quitted His old Lodgings, makes me 
at a loss where to find Him — as soon as I have the pleasure 
of seeing Him, Shall Urge a Compliance with Your Request 
for the payment of the £ 1 00 — 

About a Month ago there were some hopes of seeing an 
accomodation between Russia & the Porte — & if that had taken 
place, it might have accelerated a termination of all disputes & 
Grudges between the other Powers of Europe — unhappily 
there seems no prospect at present of a Reconciliation between 
Russia & the Turk — & according to my breed of Politicks, 
they will shortly draw in France & Us to Aid take a part in 
their Quarrell — Lord Townsend will continue in Ireland some 
time longer — Lord Hilsborough Setts off for that Kingdom the 
beginning of next week upon a Visit to his Friends & the Busi- 
ness of His Estate — from some Hints given me I can forsee 
that all is not peacable in our Court for there seems at least 
a preparation for a contrary Event — Lord North stands fix'd 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

* The Johnson manuscripts contains an unsigned copy of this letter. 

206 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as Minister, having the confidence of the King — I observe by 
Your letter, that the French are endeavouring to play off their 
old & usual Engines in Your part of the World — but I hope 
the Indians through Your kind interposition & from a considera- 
tion of the inability of France to assist them effectually, will 
dispise their Emissaries 

I have shipp'd on Board the Hope Cap* Miller sundry Articles 
as ^' Invoice enclos'd which hope will arrive safe & in good 
Season — the Spa Water is genuine & I flatter myself is so well 
pack'd as to Escape any accident of Breakage — am sorry for 
the Fate of the other, fearing You might suffer by the dis- 
appointment I have this moment sent one of my Clerks again 
to M"" Martin & M"^ Marquoise & if their little matters can be 
got ready, shall put them under the care of Cap* Miller — the 
Strouds & Flannells are not yet come out of the Country, so 
that I must deferr sending those untill the departure of the 
Britannia who will Sail in about a Fortnight from hence — how- 
ever if they should arrive sooner & any other Ship sails in the 
interim, they shall be dispatched by Her — It is amazing to 
see the demand for all kind of Woolens to Phila^ & S° Carolina, 
insomuch that our Manufacturers have not it in their power to 
Execute the whole — I shall not trespass further on Your time 
at present as I shall have an opportunity of paying my Comp** 
to You so shortly save to Request [the] tender of my Comp'* 
to Sir John & offers of Services to every part of Your Family 
& Connections with assurance of my being 

Your much obliged & most obedient 
Humble Servant 

John Blackburn 


August 1^*. 1771 — 

M^ Blackburns letter 
w*. an Invoice — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 207 


A. L. S. 

Williamsburgh 2'^ August J 77 1 


Being in hopes of having the honor of finding you at home, 
disengaged of Company, I waited heere the return of the 
Governor, but Sir John informs me of your intending to return 
to Sacondaga, which deprives me at this time to wait on you. 

I requested Sir John to inform you of my katskill Lands 
remaining unsold, this was in Consequence of the Lawyer M^ 
W'" Smith advice to me, and the impropriety in my giving a 
Warantee Deed, after the Advertizement of M^ Lott in the 
pubHck papers which however M^ Smith assures me that if I 
would present Lott with a trifle he would engage to gett me a 
Quit Claim for my possetion there, but that if I would wait a 
litle longer, he is well convinced my Lands will be worth triple 
the Sum I am now offerd, as Col°. Maitland proposes [ ] 

that affair Setled very Soon, & in Consequence of my being 
now prevented of Selling to receive Large Damadges from Lotts 
party — having this prospect, I gott M^ Low the buyer of my 
Lands at Otsego to Release me from my first Contract, Depend- 
ing upon your kind assurance of assisting me with my Exchange 
to L'. Demler for which I will either assign you one of my future 
pay for the payment of the principal & interest or Consign what 
may arise from my katskill Lands & two of the best farms at 
Otsego Lake ; — for the Sum arrising for the Sale of my farm 
is hardly Sufficient to pay what I owed M"^' De Visme and the 
purchasing of a few Stores Such as Pork Rum & Sugar and 
paying litle trifling Debts, Excuse Dear Sir this disagreable 
Detain and my intruding upon your goodness for the pecuniary 
assistance. L'. Demler will expect to find the ballance £ 1 65 
Sters. either in the hand of M^ Wallace or Some one you will 
order, on the Arrival of the Commissions, which where expected 
every hour in New York; 

208 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 

I propose procuring the indulgence of remaining the remainder 
of this Sumer & Winter in these parts I have received Some 
hopes upon that Subject; however if Major Skeene whom I Saw 
in York succeeds in procuring me to be appointed to do his 
duty in Canada, then indeed I Shall loose no time in repairing 
to that Country, as there is Some litle thing to be made by that, 
which I cannot neglect 

M^ H. Wallace & Lady where gone to the Jerseys therefore 
did not See them when in New York, the new Governor Seems 
to gain greatly in the Affection of the poeple, he is worthy of 
your acquaintance 

I leave this to return home [ ] M" Prevost Requests 

her most Sincere Respects and I have the honnor to be with 
the utmost Regard & Gratitude 

Very Honord Sir 

Your most Obed & 
most Humb Servant 

Aug Prevost 
P. S. I have received no Ace*, 
from M^ Croghan, Since I was at 
the Hall, but I was luky in meeting with the Barrack 
Master of Pittsburgh returning express, by whom I wrote 
fully to him & hope for an Answer in five Weeks at 
most the exigencies of Some of his affairs requiring his 
Sending me an Answer Speedily 


August 2^. 1771 — 

Augustine Prevosts 


Ans'-'^. 7*^. August 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 209 


A. L. 5.1 

La chine 3< AugK 1771.— 
Honored Sir 

After a journey of 9 days and very sultry weather all the 
while I arrived at this place the \^K Ins'. — Capt". Coghran' 
who commands at Crownpoint has every time I past his post 
showed me all the civilities imaginable particularly in forward- 
ing me, this being now the second time he ordered the Sloop to 
cross with me, he desires his sincere Compliments to you and 
talks of going to England this Summer or Fall, he has been for 
some years the eldest Capt". in the Regim'. and the younger 
ones purchasing Majorities over his head is rather discouraging 
I believe he intends to trye to go out on Capt^ full pay w*^^- 
is often granted to old Officers. BenzelP & he cant well agree 
the former being so elated w*^. his new Appointm'. & sometimes 
attempts to encroach upon the Comds. Officers prerogatives w<=^. 
the other justly is very tenacious off, it seems they are so lavish 
at home in making new Appointments & Offices here, that they 
are very much put too in finding out new Names for s*^. 
Employm'^ M^ Benzells Commission makes him Inspector of 
His Maj^ Forrests, Woods & unimpropriated Lands on Lake 
Champlain & Canada, W^I^ I find he got by Recommendation of 
the late S^ Harry Moore,* Lord Dunmore and the Swedish 
Ambassador in London; Some body ought to be ready to suc- 
ceed him as he wont enjoy it long, having adopted my Friend 
Wethersbrooms method of draming it Morning Noon & Night, 
& he is already far gone, he has £ 300 Here ^ Ann"", besides 

1 In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

2 Probably Captain Gavin Cochrane of the 62d (60th) regiment. 
^Lieutenant Adolphus Benzell, appointed Inspector General of His 

Majesty's Forests etc. in 177 L 

* Sir Henry Moore, famous British general ; Colonial Royal Governor 
of New York, 1 764-69. 

2 1 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

traveiis. Exp^: & Deputies as many he thinks necessary (a) 5/ 
Sters. p^ diem. 

On my Arrival at Caghnawagey^ the chiefs &^. came to bid 
me well come at the house I put up there, one John Stacey who 
was taken pris"". in Cap'. Parkers' Affair & married that Httle 
white Squaw that was at your house the other day & complaind 
of PhiHp's Wifes ill usage to her, w<^'\ I find to be a quite differ'. 
Story here. Thom Wileman^ at this Meeting of the chiefs & 
in my presence showed some Belts from the 6 Nations for cover?, 
the graves of the chiefs that lately died here, but did not touch 
upon the A{f'■^ that brought him down to you & I soon after 
found to be an exaggerated party Complain w'^^^. I intend to 
make him sensible of the first public Meeting, at the same time 
prevail upon the Minority to be quiet & give up their point, w'^'^ 
I think they will comply with. I have forwarded your Letter 
to M^ Cramahe* & expect an answer by next Saturday & 
whether he'll want me at Quebec. The Caghawagey chiefs 
shov/ed me also a Letter from the Dep*. they sent last Fall to 
the Miamees w*'^. your Messages; they write that they have 
executed their Ambassy agreable to your Desire & that they 
should leave other particulars to their Arrival w'^^. is hourly 
expected. There has been no Nations as yet from the upper 
Country and by y^. Acco'*. from there all is quiet. — 

I intend going to Montreal to day & have M^ Perthuis^ & S*. 
Johns** News who I am told await my Arrival impatiently what 

^ Caghnawaga or Sault St Louis near Montreal, Canada, occupied by 
Mohawk Indians from New York who had been converted to Catholicism 
and persuaded by the French to go to Canada. 

- Apparently Colonel Parker's disaster near Sabbath Day Point, Lake 
George, on July 26, 1 757. 

^ Thomas Wildman. 

* Hector Theo's Cramahe, Lieutenant Governor of the Province of 
Quebec; commander in chief. 

"" L. Perthuis, Indian interpreter. 

®-St John Russeau, Indian interpreter employed by Claus. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 211 

for I cant imagine; S^ Luke le Corne^ I learn has nothing to 
do in Ind". Matters since Gen'. Carleton' left this, his having 
chang^. ReHgion is a Burlesk, he rec^. a letter from his Son in 
Law La Nodiere^ ( :who went home with the Gov^ to be Maj^ 
in the intended Canadian Batt". he is novv^ an Offic^ in the 
french Servce:) in w*^'^. Letter he says that he could converse as 
intimately w'''. the King as he would w''^. his horse, a great 
Credit to M^ Carleton for introducing such Coxcombs to the 
King of England and get them Knighted as they will have it 
here, there is no certain Acco'^ when or whether at all the Gov^ 
will be out, but the french have it among themselves, that he 
is not to return and Col°. Robinson is to be Gov^ in his Room. — 
Since my Arrival in Town I saw M^ Goddard* who left 
Lond". the 25''^ of Apr', last, he tells me Rodgers^ is in jail 
again & at last found out & despised by his former Patrons. — 
Roberts" driving in his Charriot & keeping a house h Lady 
in the Country, & twas thought he could not be long v/ithout 
sharing Rodgers fate; At the same he frequents Lord Hills- 
boroughs Levy, & talks away, in particular he heard him express 
himself very oddly & ungratefully tov/ards you & Departm*. 
before Gen'. Carleton, w"^- I suppose is what M^ Blackburn 
hints upon ab^ his going on in Lond". I intend having a tete a 
tete Conversation w*'^. Goddard to acquaint you w*'^. what I 
can farther learn; in the interim I must conclude the post closing 
at 6 p. m. And remain with Duty & Respect 

Hon^ Sir 

Your Obedient Son 
Dan. Claus 

^ St Luc de la Corne or La Come St Luc. 

- Guy Carleton, Governor General of Canada ; Earl of Dorchester 
after the American Revolution. 

^ La Naudiere. 

* Captain Henry Goddard. 

^ Major Robert Rogers, formerly commandant at Michilimackinac; a 
noted Indian fighter. 

^ Lieutenant Benjamin Roberts who had trouble with Major Roberts 
and was confined by his orders. 

212 Sir William Johnson Papers 

After sending this Letter to the Post Office the postmaster 
acquainted me that thro some Mistake of Maj^ Skenes^ the 
Mail could not be sent before Saturday next w'^'^. chagreend me, 
& I open'd it again and added by way of Journall what I thought 
worth notice. 

Aug* 4 Perthuis paid me a Visit and acquainted me that 
nothing material occured since my leaving this, he 
seemed to be some how discontented in his present 
Situation having too harsh a Master in Cap*. Max- 
well,' he asked me whether De Cuagne was still 
continued at Niagara.^ — 
d°. M^ Hertell & his Abinaquis paid me a Visit without 
touching upon their Aff"". 
5'^. S*. John came also to see me & told me that he left . 
everything peaceable & quiet among the Misisageys, 
that they were always talking of S^ William John-' 
son & the kind Reception they on every Occasion 
met with from him, that they say they must renew his 
Friendship & receive his salutary Advice >vhich they 
propose doing next Spring & insist upon S*. Johns 
going with them as they say they were most every 
time at a Loss for a good Interp"". 
d°. M^ S*. Luke leCorn brought a party of I 7 Chipp- 
ways to me who came from Shagwamikon in Lake 
Super^ , ab*. 4 year ago & kept ever since ab' 
Caneghsady. : & Lake Champlain and having lost 
3 Men & 2 Women last Winter by the Smallpox 
they intend returning to their own Country & begd 
my Assistance in a little Provision &^^: I ordered 
them some Bread pipes and Tobacco and desired 

^ Major Philip Skene, a great landowner who was ruined by the 

^ Captain James Maxwell, an esteemed friend of Johnson who com- 
manded at Green Bay. 

^ As interpreter. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-/ 774 213 

them to call on me at my Lodging at la chine where 
I could answer them upon their Request; they were 
very thankfull & parted. 

]VI^ S^ Luke then gave me his particulars how the 
Grand Sauteux alias Ninakon came to be killed at 
the Ilinois, that one Makateokwet a Chippway now 
at Caneghsadagey went with a party ag*^ the Foxes 
& took Scalps that the Foxes then sent a party ag^'. 
the Chippways headed by one Bruce a white man 
married in that Nation who knocked the Grand 
Sauteux (or great Chippeway) in the head w'^'^ 
alarmed the Foxes & Sakis so much that they did not 
venture to go hunting last Winter W^. M"". S'. Luke 
says affected the Furtrade greatly; he seemed to be 
concerned for the chief and plainly told me he gave 
Makateokwet a Reprimand for causing that Disturb- 
ance; I think his being out of the way avails us as 
much as the Death of Pondiac or Akaasdarax^ as 
many Machinations among the Ilinois Ind"^ will 
thereby be quashed & the white people live undis- 
turbed ; We hear that the Eng'^. & Spanish Commds. 
Officers there live very sociably together visiting each 
other & giving Entertainments. 

M^ Collins the Surv^ Genl of this Province & M^ 
Benzell in behalf of New York ( :the latter however 
sends his Depy. a young lad, himself not being well 
enough:) are to open the Line 45 Lat^. betw". N. 
York' & this prov^^. from where it strikes Lake 

^ Akaasdarax or Gaustaras, a Seneca chief. 

^ In 1818—19 the line was run again, and the old line of 1774 was 
found to diverge from the parallel of 45° east from St Regis until at 
Lake Champlain it was 4200 feet too far north. Before 1818 the United 
States had begun to build a fortress ("Fort Blunder") at Rouses Point, 
and this was shown to be in British territory. By the treaty of I 842 the 
old line was restored, and the strip of territory lost by the United States 
came again under its jurisdiction. 

214 Sir William Johnson Papers 

champlain, as far as Newhampshire Line to the East- 
ward, and the Riv^ S*. Lawr'^^. to the Westward, to 
erect on each side of the Lake Monuments of Stone 
w*^, proper Inscriptions, & thro the Woods Mile or 
League posts of Cedar, M"^, Collins takes 20 Canad^ 
and 2 Caghn^ Ind"«. to open s^. Line 20 feet wide, 
he rekons it ab'. 60 or 70 Miles on each Side. 
The heat here is so excessive that thermometers are in 
ye 90tl\ Deg^. and Grasshoppers very destructfull to 
Gardens & Grass. 

Aug'. 6^^. Returnd to la chine, where I found M^ Hertells 
Abinaquis to ask for Provis^ they are to leave 
Aughquisasne^ this Fall and M^ Hertell likewise, 
he goes wintering in the Ottawa Riv^ and they on 
an Island below Aughquisasne. — This Evening I 
saw 1 5 or 1 6 Canoes arrived at Caghnaw^. being the 
3 Nat^" from Caneghsadagey who were expected 
before my arrival on Bus^ of their own. 

Aug*. 7'^, Early a Canoe was sent for me to ask my Attend- 
ance at the Meeting on my coming near Shore 3 
chambers were discharged & all the Chiefs & 
Warriors received me at the Rivers side and con- 
ducted me to the Council Room. — 
The ceremonies of Condolance having been mutually 
passt by both Villages before my Arrival And 
they Caghnaw^ told me they included S^ 
William & me then. The Caneghsadageys now 
came to appoint new Chiefs at the Council 
fire of Caghnawy. w'^. was most all their Bus^ & then 
to accommodate some Murders that were committed 

^ Aughquisasne or St Regis, N. Y. 

- The three nations were Canasadagas, Arundacs and Algonkins, living 
at the mouth of the Ottawa river. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 215 

betw". the Caghnaw^ & Canegh*. in Drunkeness dur- 
ing these 2 or 3 years passt, by covering the Graves 
& burying the Instruments of Death. 
8'^. The Caghnav/^ gave their Answer of Approbation to 
the new Chiefs and then I gave them my Answer 
upon the Usual Compliments they paid me at the 
opening of the Meeting and what News I had to 
communicate to them (:they having none as they 
said:) And then the Meeting broke up, & the young 
people passt the afternoon in playing at Ball & 
racing for wagers. 

As I was going to cross the River several Canoes of 
Aughquisasne Ind"^ arrived, the chiefs of them 
delivered me a Letter from their Priest acquaints, 
me that he could not have the pleas"^^. to see me, 
being oblidged to keep close for fear of being 
arrested for ab'. £200: York Cy. due upon the 
Sawmill he erected for the use of Ind"*: to build up 
their village at Aughquisasne. That the Ind"^ 
would acquaint me in vv^hat Manner he could extri- 
cate himself out of this Trouble. They then spoke 
to me and said that as the Creditor for the above 
Sum insisted upon immediate payment of at least 
£200. They requested me to advance s*^: Money 
and that they would be answerable to repay me with 
Interest in yearly payments of ab*. £40 from the 
Income of the Saw Mill it havs. been built on their 
Acco^ & Desire. I told them was sorry I could not 
comply with their Request having no more Money 
by me than what I wanted for the Journey, they 
offered to get it upon my Security I told them if 
I had the money by me & could spare it I would 
sooner advance it than become Security as it might 
put me some Inconveniency, that I could say no more 
ab*. it, but would answer the Priests Letter; One of 

216 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the chiefs spoke with Tears in his Eyes, & I was 
glad to get out of their way. — 
Aug'. 9'''. All the Caneghsadageys after leaving Caghnawagey 
came over to my Lodging and wanted to be heard in 
private, I called them into my Room when one their 
old Men stood up asked with much Concern whether 
it was true that the 6 Nat^ had sold the lands ab'. 
Aughquisasne and even some this Side S'. Lawrence 
near their Village. I told them I should know ab'. 
such a thing if it had been done, as no Lands could 
be purchased without S^ Williams knowledge, and 
that they might rest easy ab'. it, being persuaded their 
Intelligence was groundless. They were very glad 
to hear it, and they presented to me the principal of 
their Newmade Chiefs named Onderight'ha an 
Onondaga with a Belt of Wamp"'. I thankd them 
for the Complim'. and told them I would answer 
them farther upon it when I came to their Village 
then ordered them some Victuals & they left my 
Lodging but proceeded no farther than La Forces 
or Towanniawes Interp". whose Orchard suffered 
greatly, there being ab*. 150 men & Women 
plundering it. — 

After w*^^. the Aughquisasnes came for Prov*. &*=. 
and the Answer upon the Priests Letter renewing 
their yesterdays Request. I gave them the Letter & 
told them what I mentioned to the Priest was all I 
could say ab'. the Matter, & they went away 
dejected. — 

The Chippways then came for their Answer & I told 
them as well I could, that I would send for S'. Jean 
y^. Interp"" : gave them some Prov^ — 
10'^. S'. Jean not being found in Town I put them of till 
Monday when I told them they might proceed on 
their Journey. Then got ready to go to Town to be 
ready for the Post. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Having thus given you the Occurrences of this Week I con- 
clude and remain with CompHments to the famihes most 

Your obedient Son 

Dan. Claus 
The Hon'^'^ 
Sir W" Johnson Bar*. 
&^ h"" &^ 


August 3^. 1771 — 

Co'. Clau's letter 


A. L. S. 

New York 5 August 1771 
Dear Sir 

I have been for these three Weeks past in Pensilv^. & Jersey, 
& have not had the favour of a letter from you during my 
absence. I am sorry I was not here to have attended Lord Dun- 
more, but he had not determined on the time of his Departure, 
when I left Town so have missed the pleasure of seeing you & 
attending him — I can say little about our new Governor as yet, 
when I know more of him shall advise you — You'll see by the 
Stile of his Answer to the Addresses presented him, that he is 
verry sensible, clever & polite — that is his generall Charecter — 
I received by the Bearer M"" Byrne a verry kind Letter from my 
Friend & old Acquaintance Major Warren Johnson — who I 
find is a Country Squire at Danas Town near [ ] 

he recommends M'' Byrne to me to assist him in getting up to 

In Johnson's hand. 

218 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you — I have given him a letter to M"" Edgar in Albany to 
advise & assist him — I am with great respect 

D-^ Sir 
Your most obed' Servt 

Hugh Wallace 
I hope you got all y^ Deeds 
safe & to y"". Satisfaction — 

Sir Will Johnson Bart 

Johnson Hall. 


Sir William Johnson Bar*, 

Johnson Hall 
W M>- Byrne 


N York Au?^^'. 5"\ 1771 

M^ Wallaces Letter 
Ansd. 7^^ 1 1 'h. 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:280-81, also Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
2:985-87; Q, 2:570-72, is a letter of August 9th in which Johnson 
presents the results attained in a conference opened at Johnson Hall with 
the Six Nations on July 1 4th, and sustains his Indian policy against an 
implication conveyed in Hillsborough's letter of May 4th. 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 219 


[Johnson hall 9'^ August 1771] 
[Dear Sir] 

I Could not till this Moment transmit you any farther Account 
of my proceedings with the Indians as promised in my last. — 

The Indians to the Ammount of 350 being for the most part 
Chiefs of the Six Nations were all arrived on the 1 3'". ult°. the 
day following I opened the Congress which Continued till the 
1 9*, and great part of them Staid for sev'. days afterwards. The 
Greatest part of the proceedings tho' it took much time contained 
so little material That I apprehend it will be unnecessary to give 
you the trouble of reading them, where they do not lead to the 
main Object I had in View in calling them together. I first 
took occasion to enquire after News, to Let them know that I 
had obtained some Intelligence of an Extraordinary Nature and 
that I apprehended they could give me the best account of it: 
They appeared at a Loss to discern what I meant, on which I 
Explained myself somewhat farther. Telling them that I had 
the best Authority from the Southward for suspecting that Some 
of their people has been busy in a dangerous business which 
might have proved fatal to their whole Confederacy, but that 
nothing could be long concealed from us, and that some of those 
people on whom they relied were the Discovers, as they foresaw 
the danger of such an Undertaking, to which I added many other 
things that I judged Necessary. — They unanimously denied 
every thing, and requested that I would point out farther par- 
ticulars, and acquaint them who were the Authors of such a 
Calumny. I told them in general terms Suffic*. to Convince them 
that I had been furnished with Circumstantial particulars, where- 
upon they made me the Speech of which I inclose you a Copy" 

'^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson; missing sections supplied from manu- 
script letter of same date in William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, 

2 Printed in Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 8:282-83. 

220 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I Expected some [Stronger proofs of their Sincerity, and that 
those who had any] Any such belts should Imediately [deliver 
them up, in order to be buried, To which I received very 
Satisfactory] Answer, & they Concluded the Congress by 
renewing & brightening the Cov^ Chain &c. 

Upon the whole I am now (as I have been) Convinced that 
the Name of the Six Nations is often as formerly made use of 
by the rest as a Cloak to their ovv^n Intrigues, and with a View 
to Exasperate us against them so far as to force the Six Nations 
to Joyn in their undertakings and totally v/ithdraw themselves 
from our Interests. — Indeed I have Strong reason to think that, 
the Emigrants at Ohio, and great part of the Chenussios are not 
our friends. The Cause of which I have repeatedly Mentioned 
formerly, & Indeed very few of the Chenussios attended at this 
time But If I may be allowed to have any Judgment of these 
people, or any knowledge of their politicks I can with great 
Safely affirm that these Sentiments are far from being general. 
That the Senecas of the other Villages, and the rest of the Six 
Nations are as much our friends as we can possibly Expect, and 
that I co"^. prevail on a great Majority of them to demonstrate 
their Attachment, whenever an Opportunity offered. 

I hope to be Enabled very soon to give an account of the 
events of Thomas Kings Embassy, and requesting to be favored 
with your thoughts on the foregoing I remain with the utmost 

Dear Sir, 
His Excel^y Lieut Gen^ Gage 


Au-t. 9th 1771.— 

To Gen'. Gage with 

part of the Treaty with the Six 

Nations. — 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 221 

Contemporary Copy 

[New York August lO'K 1771] 

I ] 

I have yours of the 25'^. of June & 20*^. July, and having 
expressed myself in mine of the 1 7''^. June with all possible 
Plainess, I do not understand what you mean by Your general 
Declarations that you wish to have the Business relating to the 
Lands of Sir Henry Moores family settled. What is to be 
done, is to be done by you. 

The late Governor was Interested in One undivided third 
Part, and not a fourth of the tvv^o Tracts patented to you, and 
thirty Six other Persons on the 29*^. of December 1 768. — All 
that is wanting is a Deed from you, and so many of your Asso- 
ciates named in the Patent as will Vest the Title to one third 
01 the Whole in his Widow. — Afterwards it will be proper to 
get the Lands Surveyed into Lots to be Baloted for towards a 
Partition — But the first thing to be done as I said before, is to 
get the Deed from those Persons who were named in the Patent 
as Trustees for the late Governor — that you may have no 
unnecessary trouble in getting the Lands divided by reason of 
Ladye Moore's Distance the Title may be Conveyed to me, 
and I shall then be able to execute the Deeds of Partition — 
These Deeds must be by Lease, and Release with a Covenant 
that the Grantors are Seized in ffee, and have done no Act to 
encumber the respective Estates granted to them by the Patent, 
and I advise you to get the Deed drawn by M^ Sylvester of 
Albany reciting the Patent in a brief Manner — then let the 
Grantors acknowledge it, either before Sir William Johnson, or 
one of the Judges of the Common Pleas for your County — if 
this is not done Soon, and the Deeds transmitted to me, I shall 
be obliged to file a Bill in Equity against you, and Your Partners 
to Compel the Conveyance, but I Should be Sorry to take such 
a Step, and hope You will render it unnecessary, for whatever 

222 Sir William Johnson Papers 

further charges there are besides what Sir Henry Moore paid 
for his third to M^ Banyar, I have authority to advance, and 
Shall upon the Vesting of the Title in Common in me in ffee 
be ready to do whatever may be Requisite for the Compleating 
of the Partition until which time the Lands will be of little Value 
to any of the Parlies Interested. — I have Staid proving the pre- 
tended Will of your ffather by a Caveat, & shall want a full 
State of y^ Objections to it, and the Proofs in a few Weeks 
that I may be able to draw the Interrogatories for the Examina- 
tior: of the Wittnesses — Let me hear from y". Soon — 

I am Sir 

Your Hble Serv* 

W'^. Smith 


Copy of a letter from M^ W™. 
Smith to Johannes Lawyer Esq''. 

A. L. S. 

[Head of Lake AugK 13'K 1771] 

My Business hear was to see [ ] Billy Hare goes 

On, & to get this Letter forwarded to You. M^ Hare I believe 
will do Verry Well hear, but he Dont In the Least Affect Us 
for the Indians In this Quarter Never dealt with Us, he Intends 
Settling hear for a Constancesy Since we sent down Our packs 
we have traded for About £200 pounds worth which we shall 
send down when an Opertunity Offers, the red Skin trade just 
begins now. I am Ailmost sure We shall make a great trade this 
Year, the Indians Comes from all parts and has Assured Us 
they will all Come this fall & trade with Us, they have sent two 
of there people from a place Called Miskatiwa, three days 
journey from hence, to give Us an Invitation on a belt of 
Wampum to put up a house there this Winter where I intend to 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 223 

go, (being a much better place than this) if the boats we wrote 
to M^ Fonda comes In time, we Expected them by this we are 
In hopes he will take care not to Disapoint Us. if he should 
we may as well throw up Business as it Will be going Against 
stream, I Dont In the Least Dispair of paying of Every shilling 
of the partnership [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] give you An Exact [ ] 

[vajlue of a needle, we have in the house £826 of Goods 
at the first Cost, on the Lowest Calculation you may [add] 
£25 p^ C'. for the Carraige up, we have £115 of Stores 
Boats, Oil Cloths, bags, seals. Axes, Nails, hammers, frying 
pans. Dishes, Basons, plates Beding, hinges, Vessells of All 
kinds, & Innumerable Other Articles two tetious to Mention. 
I have [been] pritty Exact in my Calculation and I thmk there 
may be £25 p^ C'. more Added for the Cost of Barrels, Cags, 
Bail Cloths, Boxes, Mens rum & provisions, & several Other 
Charges paying for the Carraige of packs Down &ca &ca on 
the Whole £50 pr. C*. is not Out of the Way. We Owe 
ab* £250 to M^ Campbell, the rest to you. the whole I think 
Cant Exceed £ 600. — perhaps a little Over, this Sir, is a true 
State of Our Affairs & I think we Done Surprisingly, Coming 
hear Strangers & the Indians not knowing Us, which is not the 
Case now, as they all know there is a house Established hear 
I dare Venture to say there will Come four Indians for One 
that has Come. Our stock of rum should never be Less than 
1200 Gallons, they buy such Quantitys, we trust none, we did 
a Little Last Year but I found they were not so Exact in 
paying as we Expected, so stoped, they Owe Us yet ab*. 50 lbs. 
We have belts for it, this I dont Reckon, we have spoken for 
the Matts, am In hopes they will bring them. — 

[ •] 

[ ] and Every [ ] 

[ ] it will be a great Loss to M'. Grant being 

^ Lines destroyed by fire. 

224 5iV William Johnson Papers 

[ ]ing the second Vessel this summer, it will Discourage 

the traders from Imploying his Vessell. — We have got Another 
Neat Beaver Blanket for you. We should be Glad to hear that 
you Enjoy your health. Our Compliments to Sir John &ca . . . 
believe me Ever to be 

My Dear Sir W-. 
Your ever faithfull & Most Oblidged 
and Most Obedient & Hum^. Serv*. 

Ferrall [Wade] 
addressed : 

[ ] Johnson Bart. — 

at Johnson Hall — 


Aug'. 13^ 1771 — 

M^ Farrall Wades letter 

A. L. 5.2 

New York August 14^^. 1771 
Dear Sir, 

I received Yours of 26*^; Uh": by Maisonville, who is 
undoubtedly a good Man, but I have no way to assist him in his 
Pursuits of Land, but to forward a Petition to the King and 
Council, who only can grant Lands at the Detroit. M"": Crogan 
should have known this, and not assissted at an Indian Grant, 
which he must have known was not valid without the King's 
Authority. There does not appear to me any great Inclination 
in Government to increase the Settlement at Detroit, nor indeed 
could I give them any good Reasons for doing it, there are 
many Objections against it. I have beared from the Ilinois to 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 225 

the 12*^: of May, a Soldier was killed by a Party of 
Pouteatamies the End of March or beginning of April, and 
When the Letters came away, they had advice from many 
Quarters that a Number of Indians were near Kahokie. 
Mainsonville says a Number of Kikapous, he beared were out 
against the Ilinois; and was told were seen on their Return with 
four Scalps. The Six Nations have been prevented Sometime 
from falling on those People, who have at times killed some of 
the Six Nations as well as other Indians. And if this News 
proves true, I see no Reason to prevent their Chastisement any 
longer. They give but a bad Lookout at the Ilinois, I fear the 
Nations of that Country are a poor People, but I shall give 
Orders to observe these Enemy Partys a little better, and to 
attack them whenever they can Meet with them. Something 
Must be done to put a Stop to these Hostihties, Some Chiefs 
of the Chikesaws have been at the Fort, and the assisstance of 
that Nation May be procured. 
I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most Obedient 

humble Servant, 


August 14^ 1771 

Thqs. Gage 

Genr' Gage's Letter 


L. S. 

[Schenectady Augi. 15^1^ 1771] 

[ ] 

[ ] having [ ] 

the Quality of a small Tract of Land; lying on the North Side 
of the Mohawk River on each Side of the upper Canada 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

226 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Creek contiguous to the North West Corner of a Patent lately 
granted to Henry Glen and ninety three others containing 
between twenty and Thirty Thousand Acres or less or [more] 
according as We find the Quality of the Land upon a more 
particular Inspection. Which we would (with your approbation 
and Assistance) purchase of the Indians and are ready and 
willing to pay them at the same Rate per thousand as was paid 
to them for the Purchase of the above mentioned continuous 
Patent, altho' this lies at a greater Distance. Your Interest in, 
and Answer to the above will much oblige 

Honourable Sir, 

Your most humble & obedient Serv'^ 

John Glen 
William Hanna 
Ab'm Wempel 
[ I Sir I 

[ ] Johnson, Bar*. J 

The Answer on the back^ 



August the 15'^: 1771 

To the Honourable [Sir William Johnson] 
Barro Night Chief [ of his] 

Majestys Indian Affairs 

The Humble Petiti[tioners Adam] 
Carson and Alexander [Hamilton] 
most Humbly Sheweth [ ] 

Your Petitioners being Settled on lands near [ ] 

big Island on the West Branch of Susquahana [ ] 

^ A note in handwriting of Guy Johnson. The answer was destroyed 
by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1774 111 

within the purchase Bounds made by the People of 
Pennsylvnia of a Treety held by Sir William [Johnson] 
Some time Since when Your Poor Petitioners had purchased 
lands at a very dear rate in Order to make a livelihood for 
their helpless familys but are Deprived of it by a Number of 
Seneca Indians who on the Ninth of this Ins*: August in 
the Night did Steel and Carry away Six head of Horses 
from your Petitioners that we are not Able to Plow our 
Ground to Put in seed and not being of Abillity to Purchase more 
Prays that your Honour will take our Causes into your Wise 
Consideration and Cause those Indians to return the Horses or 
make restitution for them that we may be enabled to Purchase 
others to follov/ our Labours, and your Petitioners as in Duty 
Bound Shall for ever Pray for your Wellfare 


Albany August 16'^ JJJ] 
Honoured Sir/ 

Several Gentlemen who is to Be concerned with me in them 
Townships, have lately requested Me to Explore them better, 
that we for our taking out our Patents, should be the better able 
to form our Locations, Where the Land should be found fitest 
for Cultivation, For though we should purchace forty miles 
square of The Natives, yet it would not be prudence to Patent 
more Of it then would be usefull. 

To Gratify them in their request, and to git a Little more 
Knoledge of Country, I have agree"^. with M^ Campbell, after 
he has done your work somewhere, to Go in the woods and make 
discovery of that which I have Not been acquainted with, and 
if your Honour should Think the Indians would not Molest 
Him, he might Run a line across from against Lake George, 
west as Far as would be necesary for our Townships, so that it 
did not extend farther west, then the Given course from North 

228 . Sir William Johnson Papers 

Hampton, this if it was not disagreable would Save us some 
Expence, as the people could Almost run This Line as well as 
walk it over without Runing, And by it ascertain a Course 
necessary to be known in our Division, But if your Honour 
should think it would Displease them, it shall not be done, I am. 
Honoured Sir 

Your Honours Most Obliged 

and Very Humble Servant 

Eben"^. Jessup 
Sir William Johnson 

addressed : 

The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson 

Baronet at 
Johnson Hall 


August 15'h 1771 — 


Ebenezer Jessup Esq' 
Letter concerning 
Lands — 
Ans^d. 21^^ Ins*. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 491, is listed a letter of August 1 9th from 
Rev. Charles Inglis, New York, congratulating on the praises uttered by 
Bishop Lowth relative to services rendered the Indians, submitting a draft 
of a memorial- commending Governor Tryon's character and religious 
zeal, and inquiring as to the powers of the Bishop of Quebec under the 
treaty (of 1763) and a map of the Iroquois country (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 4:457-59; Q, 4:285-86.) 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ See Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:1091-1117; Q, 4:661-75. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 229 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 491, the preceding letter is followed by an 
undated paper: Minutes and vote of the commissioners of the Company 
for propagating the gospel in New England and parts adjacent (New 
England Company), conveying thanks to Johnson for encouragement of 
Mr Kirkland (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:460; Q, 4:286.) (Copy 
inclosed with letter of Governor Flutchinson of July 30th.) 


[Johnson Hall August 21, 1771] 

[ 1 

personal Acquaintance will afford me su[ch ] 

The particular Inclination whi[ch ] 

Manifested, and the Countenance I have always [given to those] 
who have engaged in the Conversion of the Ind[ians is] well 
known, in New England can be very abund[ ] when- 

soever I see the least Occasion for it, I am sat[isfied] at present 
that The Contrary has been insinuated to a body of Gent", 
whose Characters I esteeem [It may not be in my power to 
afford all the Satisfaction which I am inclined to give to Gentle- 
men Com [ ] appointed by so respectable & praiseworthy 
a Society espec[ially] as these Gentlemen for their laudable 
endeavors to promote Christianity amongst the Ind\ are entitled 
to my best Wishes & Assistance, but I am concerned to find that 
the Extract from the Journal of the Commissioners which you 
have been pleased to trans[mit to] me, is founded on a Journal 
Transmitted by M". Kirtland] by a Mission [ary] who has 
owed his Toleration ams^ the Indians to my Countenance. The 
ingratitude of his Conduct deserves my keenest resentment [no 
part of which appears from the Extract I have received, neither 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
- Lines burnfed off. 

230 Sir William Johnson Papers 

am I at all enabled to Judge either of its Nature or Tendency, 
hut that it appears therefrom that the proceeds of Gent", whose 
Character & parts I Esteem, do not meet with EncouragemK 
from me. There is something so Inconsistent, and I may truly 
say ungrateful in any Missionarys Conduct who should give 
occasion for such a Surmise as to merit my keenest resentment, 
that If I acted entirely agreable to my Character, I should 
decline affording any Answer thereto until I Was furnished with 
the particulars which occasioned it, and] but the Respect I have 
for the Gent", concerned, rather inchnes me to desire to be 
favored with the [ ] 

[ M 

[ ] 

[ ■ ] 

[ ■ ], and that such Transactions are] 

[ ] and whenever I am honored v/ith this I shall 

[ ]d them all the Satisfaction [ ] 

[ ] in these particulars and also take the liberty to 

sugges[st] any thing that may farther [ ] 

[ ] what may in my Judgment] occurr as necessary 

agreable to your desire [for promoting the good purposes of the 

In the meantime I should Observe that Difference of 
Religious Sentiments has never obstructed the operating of 
my friendship [think it necessary for your Satisfaction & 
That of the Cent", concerned to assure you that peculiar modes 
of Worship &ca differing from those of the Established Church 
of England have no influence upon me] [ ] favor of 

so useful an institution wch I sho'^. rather incline to promote 
whilst the Object of their Agents & their Conduct is consistent 
with the major design & professed sentiments of the Society [is 
laudable] & Calculated to preserve peace, & due obedience to 
the Constitution which we ought to Support, — It is with some 
Concern I am necessitated to hint that those Missionaries who 

^ Lines burned off. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 231 

were sent from New England have owed me very peculiar 
Obligations [the recapitulation of which they must blush to 
hear], & particularly that the Man mentioned in the Extract, 
has besides [other] favors & Civilities, for a Considerable time 
owed his Safety to my humanity & favourable inclination to his 
endeavors [which have in [ ] me to protect him from 

his many Enemies to this my] and now depends in a great 
measure on my Countenance & protection there [he owes every- 
thing, and the moment I withdraw it may prove fatal to his Life. 
The particulars as I mentioned before I shall omit for the present, 
& content myself with Observing that] Except in one Instance 
of a man (whom M^ Wheelock First recommended to me as a 
man of great Piety & Worth, & afterwards represented to me 
as a Lunatic Enthusiast [has since represented as an Enthusiast] ) 
who in defiance of his Majestys Express Order & [ ] 

[ '1 

[ 1 

[ 1 

[to my oTvn delicacy and therefore Shall ] I have [ ] 

request to be honored with a Copy of the paper before [ ] 

will enable me to be more Explicitt, & afford [me ] 

another Occasion for Assuring you of the Esteem In which I 
have allways [held] the Character of Gov^ Hutchinson, h that 
I am with 

perfect regard 
[ ] Excelly Gov^ Hutchinson 

Massachusetts Bay 

August 21^f. 1771 — 

To his Excelly Tho«. 
Hutchinson Esq^ Gov^ of the 
Massachusetts bay — 

Lines burned off. 

232 Sir William Johnson Papers 


AugK ZZ'i. 177 L— 

I have rec^. a Letter Subscribed by Mess'^^ Hanna Wempel 
& yourself expressing a desire to purchase a Tract on the North 
Side of the Mohock River, & requesting my Assistance, In ans^ 
to which you will please to acq*, the Gentlemen Concerned that 
thro' my Inclination to Obhge you & themselves, I shall Afford 
them what Assistance I can provided the Tract does not Inter- 
fere with a purchase I have made & p^ for for L"^. Ilchester, or 
Vv'ith a Tract lately Petif^. for the Gov^ — As Soon as I have 
made enquiry into these particulars, I shall acquaint you farther 
as a proof of the Esteem with which I am 


Jn°. Glen Esqr &c 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 491, is listed a letter of August 22d to 
Rev. Mr Kirtland, asking the nature of a communication to the Com- 
mittee at Boston for propagating Christian faith (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 4:460-61, Q, 4:287.) 


[Johnson hall 22^. August 1771] 
[Dear Sir] 

I am favored with your Letter of the 14*^. Ins* and am glad 
that you think well of Maisonville because I think him well dis- 
posed, & that he has been of use, as to his pursuit I am sensible 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 233 

that nothing more can be done than what you mention, and I 
am of your Opinion concerning the increase of Settlements at 
Detroit. — 

You may recollect that the Six Nations appeared very eager 
to fall on the Kickapous & their Associates, but that it was not 
Judged adviseable, as it might interrupt the Trade & Communi- 
cation, but if the Depy*. who were sent to the Southward do 
not bring something satisfactory from thence It will be very easy 
to give free Scope to their resentment without appearing to be 
interested in it. Lord Hillsborough has in a late Letter, hinted 
as if some of the late proceed^ appeared as if we interested 
ourselves too much in their private Affairs & Disputes, and that 
we should rather suffer them to Subsist as our best Security to 
prevent their uniting ag'. us ; — This I must Confess was allways 
my own political opinion, & my practice was entirely corre- 
spondent, therewith, These very Sentiments I suggested to his 
Majestys Minister, when Ordered to Effect a peace with the 
Cherokees, & the Hke I have observed very often since, At the 
same time That It then always was the Sense of Gov', to prevent 
as much as possible, their making war on each other from the 
cruelty with which such Wars are conducted. With the humanity 
of this sentiment, I could not but Close, but I really 
Judged it [bad policy whilst I complied with it, I could not 
therefore help being surprised, that my lately cooperating with 
the Six Nations to attempt to bring] the offending Tribes 
[to a Sense of their past ill conduct before we set them by the 
Ears,] could have been deemed liable to the least censure, 
[neither have I] ever Interfered or appeared in any of their 
private Concerns where the Security of the Public was not 
materially effected. This must make me more Cautious how I act 
in any thing of importance that is liable to misconception, or 
Misrepresentation. But I [can] Safely say that where they have 
Meritted it so much as th[ose] Nations, I think the encouraging 
those Tribes who dislike [them] to Chastize them is the best 
policy & may be effected without our Appearring to Interfere, in 

234 Sir William Johnson Papers 

any improper manner therein. — The Chickesaws tho' now not 
numerous, are of Consequence for [they] are truly a brave 
people, far Exceeding the Generality of Indians In Courage, 
and they may be made a good use of. As I daily Expect to 
hear from the Southward I have only at present to add that I am 

With great Truth & regard 

D^ S^ 

His Excell^y L^. Genl. Gage. 


A. L. S.i 

Albany August 24"^ 1771. 
Dear Sir 

I am Happy to take the first opportunity of returning you a 
thousand thanks for the many Civilities, & kindnesses you was 
so good as shew me whilst at Johnson Hall, and to assure you 
that nothing could behave better than John, & Abraham did 
whom you was so good as to name for my guid's, they have been 
perfectly sober, faithfull, & indefatigable, & I do assure you 
I think myself much obliged to you, for their services. I beg 
my best Respects to Sir John, Col. Johnson, & all the Rest of 
your family & I ever am Dear Sir most sincerely yours 



Alby. August 24'K 1771 

L^. Dunmores letter 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 1^'d 

A. L. S. 

[Niagara AugK 25^^. 1771] 

[ ] 

I had the honor of your Le"- of the 26'^^ July ^ Mess" 

Middleton & M= Queen who have been now here above a fort- 
night, and are at present waiting for a Passage to Canada. You 
may be assured that any Gentlemen honor'd with your Recom- 
mendations, will meet with every Civility from me that I can 
Shew them, Indeed those Gentlemen's merit seems to entitle them 
to the same 

There was a Squaw here a few Days agoe, who formerly 
had a Child to M-- Francis late of the 44'^ Reg^. she had con- 
sented to send the Boy to his Father, thinking that he would be 
taken care of. But She has been inform'd that the Boy is now 
liveing with the Ind"^ at Caugh,nawagoe, or Sauli de S^ Louis 
near Montreal. She left a String of Wampum with me begging 
that I would write, so as the Boy might be returnd to her. I 
promised to inform you of [ ] give the necessary 

[ ] be sent to her, — The Mother is Sister 

to Silverheels — 

I have the honor to be with the utmost respect 


Your most Obedient, and 

most humble Servant 

John Brown 

P. S. Mons"^ Decouagne begs that his respects may be presented 
to you J g 

Lieu* Dysart of the R Artillery who has been here for some 
time proposes to have the honor of waiting on you if his time will 
Permit. You will find him a very agreable young Gentleman 

J. B. 
The Hon^l« 

Sir William Johnson 

236 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 


Niagara 25»^^ August 1771 

Cap*. Browns Letter 


A. L. S. 

New York 27 August J 771 
Dear Sir 

I received your favour 6 Ins'. & was verry sorry I was not 
here, when L^ Dunmore sett out, or I should certainly have seen 
you but I was in Jersey & Pensilvania, where I caught the Fever 
& Ague, which I suffer under at presant, but hope the Bark 
which I am now takeing will relieve me. I cannot yet determine 
whether I shall have the pleasure of seeing you this Fall, or not. 
If I dont it will be want of Ability or Leisure, not want of 
Inclination — Lord Dunmore not returned. 

I cannot think your plate Iron too thin it must be well painted 
both Sides & nailed verry thick & I am convinced it will answer 
your purpose. I sent up the Jews Harps by Cap'. Marseillis, 
& told M^ Phyn when he left this a few days ago to enquire for 
them & have them sent up to you. When you lett us know your 
desire with regard to the Land on Adigo, it shall be done 
Imediately — I am sorry M"" Crumley missed the Oppertunity 
of serving you, as he is very clever & verry deserving. 

I have received the Money from the Pattentees of Oriskany, 
& paid it to M^ Banyars, & inclosed send you his receipt. 

I have received from M"^ Mortier, as you desired £ 1 65 Sts 
the Curry. Exch^ % W O is £279 which shall keep till M'^ 
Prevosts affair is finished, & then pay it to M*^ Dimler — I think 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 237 

M"^ Prevost has sold his Lands Cheap, he v/rote me about them, 
but asked double the price he has sold them for. Indeed I did 
not want to purchase them at any rate — Our Governor has 
not been long enough with us for me to form any Oppinion, 
He seems a sensible polite Man, very friendly & affable. He 
told me he had wrote you, & that he intends to pay you a 
Vissitt — but both he & his Lady have brought the Fever & 
Ague from Carolina. He is almost quite recovered but she 
continues ill yet. I fancy it will be necessary he goes up to 
make the Indian Purchase for the Numberless Petitions for 
Lands between you & Crown point — 

I have no doubt youll get a County Town at Johnstown, as 
its the properest place, & Albany County must be div[id]ed, & 
Mapps of the County shewing how the Division would be best, 
ought to be here for the parusall of the Members. Your friend 
Ja^ Delancy is not active, he is indolent & too fond of Ease to 
carry any point, or make any figure — He was lately marryed, 
&: is come to town with his Bride yesterday, he is verry ill 
with the Fever & Ague, a disagreable Circumstance to a Young 
buxom Bride. 

I fancy our Assembly will meet in Octo"". lett me know your 
Scheme of Division & I will push Mr Delancy, & apply to the 
other Members & have no doubt we v^ll get it as you would 
wish, you may depend on all my Assistance & Power 

M"^*. Wallace Joyns me in sincere Wishes for Your Health & 
Happyness. Many Thanks for y"". former Friendships, & for 
your future designs, with the fine Fish at Mount Joy, Our 
Compliments to The Familys & on the River. I have hopes S^ 
John will without fail be here this Winter — 

I am with verry sincere regard 
Dr Sir 

Your obliged & obed^ Serv* 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bav'. — 

238 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 


August 27\ 1771 — 

M^ Wallaces letter 
w'^. a Receipt — 

A. L. S.2 

[Teronto Aug'. 29^K 1771] 

[ ] 

We have Laboured Under Great Anxiety for sometime past 
to hear from You. Yesterday We had the Honour of being 
favoured with Yours of the 1 3 Ult. — which Allways gives Us 
Great satisfaction, but w^ould more so if we could hear you was 
in perfect health, we dont in the Least doubt but you Gave 
particular Charge as to the sale of Our furrs. Neither do we 
find fault. Only what You will see by the Inclosed, as to being 
frugal believe Us Vv^e are and is striveing to the Utmost of Our 
power to do something for Our benefit, we beg You will not 
think that we are Runing heedlessly Along, far from it, there 
is not a single Article we v/rite for, but what we Imediately 
Want, if You Sir, Was Acquainted with the trade hear. You 
v/ould find it so, in the Coarse of Business allways the first Year 
is Worst its true we had a few traders hear this summer but 
Notwithstanding there being Old traders we got four skins for 
there One (that is the best of them) Oweing to Our being well 
supplied & Living among them, and as we Observed to You In 
Our former Letters had it not being for those sums we were 
[obliged to] pay [ we would] have sent abov^ 

£300 more do[ubtles3] [ ] Are Greatly Afraid it 

v/ill be the Case Again for [if] we Can believe the Indians ve 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

- In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 239 

shall have a Great trade & What Confirms Our Opinion is that 
Indians from the Remotes parts back has been hear to Look & 
told Us they had h[e]ard of Us & that we sold Cheap & had 
plenty of Goods. We have Remited M^ Campbell by this 
Opertunity 301 "^ of Beaver, 83'^' Leather, 29 Otters, 1 1 Minks, 
1 I Raccoons, 7 Martins, 38 Ratts, & 4 Bear Skins & we sold 
a Good Many Deer Skins to the Battoemen. Our fall trade 
dont begin Untill the Middle or Latter End of Next Month. 
We also send You Sir, a Beaver Blanket which is the Only 
Curiosity we have at present, the Matts we have bespoke, but 
as to the Houses they Carry (which we Imagine is Leather) 
those Indians dont Use but we shall Enquire & procure them 
if possible. You Cant Imagine how much we have fretted at 
that Ignace Receiveing £ 44 of Our Industry for Nothing, heaven 
knows Except it was for Maintaining him & Son Coll°. Claus 
Mentions in his Letter to M^ Keiuser that people who Under- 
stands Ind". trade that we Could not possibly Get the trade we 
did without him. by heaven he was more prejudice than 
Service & the Indians hear knew him well & Despised him, 
Another thing M^ Claus Mentions that he said the thing we 
Charged him with we Gave him without Asking for, so far from 
that he was particular to know the price before he [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] think he Ever Earned that much, 

[if] Coll° Claus would take the pains he will soon find his Real 
Character, we dont Look on him as an [ ] an. My D^ Sir 

only Consider of it a Little & you'll find our [ ] le way. 

Cant afford such strokes & we are sure no Christian [will] 
begrudge us the Little we Get hear, however we dont [bljame 
them that sent him as the Intention was Good, but [I] Could 
wish they had been more frugal In hireing him. [It's] now 
Over & Cant be helped Altho' we must suffer We heard of 
Your Calling the Six Nations together & are Certain You must 
have a great Deal of trouble and Wish with all Our souls it 

^ Line burned off. 

240 Sir William Johnson Papers 

was Less for You. be Assured Sir Your presence Among those 
Western Nations would be Most Agreeable to them they are 
Allways Asking us whether You Intend to Meet them, if You 
do You will find them In General (particularly those back of 
Us) a Worthy people I now Assure You Sir, from knowledge 
that My B^ Matt has no right to blame My B"". Francis but 
the Latter [ ] a just right All most to Curse him, for 

he hurted him Verry much, by his Misconduct not to Give it a 
Worse Name. I sincerely wish he may succeed and do well 
he is Young Enough Yet. — we are with the Greatest Respect 
& Esteem 

My Dear 

Sir W-. 

Your Ever faithfuU & Most 
Oblidged Hum. Servants 

Wade & Keiuser — 
Our Compliments to Sir 
John &ca we are Extremely 
Glad to hear the family are all well 


Toronto 29'^ August 1771 — 

Mess'^^ Wade & Kreysers 
Letter w*'^. an Inclosure 

Contemporary Copy- 

Toronto August 29^^ 1771 


Your favour of August the S''^. we have receift, & notes the 
Contents. The Goods you sent Us all came Save except the 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Inclosed in Wade and Keiuser's letter to Johnson, August 29, 1 771. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 241 

2 . three Gallon Cags of Rum, wich the Men says they never 
receifed from you also the Eight Shillings Cash which you 
Charged us in your Account for Onions, as to the Battoe we 
will not keep nor neither will we pay the 40/ Difference as we 
think a trip of our owen is equal to one of your's, you will receive 
her back and give us Credit, for her tools which you have 
Charged That is £ 1 .2. We are surprised at your giving our 
Sail to Haires boats, & putting our Mens to Neccessity of hire 
one, they tell us for 6./. Your pot we have kept in Lieu of a 
Kettle West Bowen delivered to you the Coats tools, one bag & 
4 bags this Sumer which please to Credit us for. In a former 
Letter we mentioned theat you Charged Us ten Shillings for a 
good for nothing, being old and unfitt for Use also the large 
black Trunk which was only Lumber in your House having 
no Lock or key or Eny thing Else to keep [ ] 

will also Credit us for one Skippel of pease, which you ordered 
our Men to give Hares peoples. The Men has also gave us a 
Memorandum of what provisions powder and Schott they 
receifd from you, exclusive of the Rum, which is Charged sepa- 
rately, please to Charge us with the Provisions Instead of £2.10 
p^ Man. Commissions and Expenses &c, with which you 
Charge us we are at a Loss to Account for. We find our Beaver 
fell Short in Weight 25'^ which surprised us much and more so 
that you Should allow two or three Skins to be Culled from such 
prime Beaver. I have sold many packs, but that is a thing I 
never would admit off. As to the Cheapness of your Goods, 
which you mention, we are of a Different opinion, but that may 
be owing to your paying as you observed from other Hands. 
As you justly observed the Red Strouds will not suit our Market, 
for which reason we return them, the excuse for not getting 
Cag's we cant help think is triffling. You understand Indian 
Trade, & Knows that Rum in Barrells without Cags is Useless. 
I was at M^ Hares [ ] the 28. Ul'°. wich I 

[ ] by wich I found you was verry particular 

in fitting him out with everry he wrote for. [I] could wish we 
had found the same treatment [ ] we would allone 

242 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Venture to Say, you would have found us full as punctual. 
The Last we have to observe to you is your Hastiness for 
Remittance. You cant Imagine we can convert your Goods in 
peltry or furrs imeadiatly. Neither does our fall Trade begin 
hear untill the middle or Lather End of next Month, we have 
wrote to M^ Campbell for a Battoe of Rum. when she arrives 
we hope to make you a Remittance what goes down now is for 
M^ Campbell, Our Compliments to M'^^ Fonda 



A. L. S. 

London 3h^ August 1771 

I had the Honour of writing You a Long letter "t^ the Hope 
Cap' Ab"" Miller on the 1^' Curr' since vvhich have not been 
favourd with any from You — the Britannia falls down to 
Gravesend on Wednesday next by v/hich Vessell have shippd 
the Residue of your agreeable order — & I flatter myself she 
will arrive as soon as this Vessel — 

We have nothing new or strange in the Political World — the 
Ministry stand firm & gathers Strength daily — whilst the oppo- 
sition by being divided among themselves dwindle to nothing, 
the distracted State of France prevents a War with England — 
the Spaniard is preparing for such an Event by equipping Her 
Men of War at Home & Garrisoning Her Forts abroad — & 
I must do our Leaders in Government the justice to declare that 
v^^e are not idle — there seems some backwardness in their 
Attention to N° America arising as I imagine from a Belief that 
she is able to take Care of Herself — the Turk & Russia are 
Yet implacable & if they dont terminate their differences with 
this Campaign or Season — depend upon it they will involve 
other Powers in the dispute — it is amazing to Read over the 
Catalogue of their killd in almost every Engagement — Should 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 243 

the Russians be [ ] in any one Battle their State 

would be dreadfull — as their [ ] & Immissaries 

would summon up their enthusiactick Revenge 

I Should be happy in any opportunity [of] making my 
Services acceptable to You & am with Comp'* to Sir [ ] 


Your obliged & obedient Servant 

John Blackburn 

London 31*^ August 1771 

1VI^ Blackburns letter 

A. L. S. 

London I September 177! 
Dear Sir 

As there is no ones health that I so much wish to establish, 
or v.ould be so much Service to publick — as well as those who 
have the happiness h honor of being your friends I inclose you 
Doctor Cadogan's" treatise, it is universally read, & I have heard 
some Gentlemen of the Citty declare that not one third of the 
Port is drank now, that was drunk before it's publication. 

There is no news at present the papers are Stuifd with daily 
lies & stupid party abuse. M"". Carleton is pusshing to have all 
the pattentee Employments in his Government broke, they have 
represented they are out of Pocket by employing deputies, then 
Carleton will have more places in his Gift for French men. he 
has recommended La Naudiere & the King was going to make 

'^ In Johnson's hand. 

- Dr William Cadogan, 1711-1797, who published A Dissertation 
on the Gout and on all Chronic Diseases, in 1771. In his opinion gout 
arises from indolence, intemperance, and vexation. Dictionary of National 
Biography, Vm, 187. 

244 Sir William Johnson Papers 

him a Baronet, but my Lord Rochford I am told opposed it. then 
they made out a Commission for him as Surveyor of the Woods 
in Canada for him in the Room of Frank M'^. Kay, who M^ 
had misrepresented & said he would resign but he arrived before 
the Commission was given Away, & has Stop'd it, yet La 
Naudiere is to have a Commission of the same nature as a super- 
numery Survey at £300 ^ an"". 

Rogers is likely to get his money paid which was rejected 
before in England & America, he has many people pushing for 
him to whom he Owes money, the Suit commenced against me 
for Stoping a Man at Michilmackinak, one Atherton by desire 
of the Sherif of Albany, is put off till next assizes, after I had 
brought up Lieut Sinclair from Leeds in Yorkshire as an Evi- 
dence as well as Several others. Indeed I am Shockinly used, 
none seem to Stand so good a Chance here as the greatest 

Wilkes is universally allow'd to be the most unmoral worthless 
fellow in England, he has the most forbidding aspect he had 
three parts of the Common Councill of the Citty against him & 
every ministerial man, yet by a Blunder in delivenng a Letter 
from Secretary Robinson he got his Election. Vast numbers 
who came to town to employ the interest against him seeing the 
ministry interfere, they to A man turned for him, & now he is 
meditating how he shall plague Government 

I am Sorry I cant hear from any of the family I must entreat 
3^ou to make my best respects to the Gentlemen & Ladies & 
assure them of my Sincere wishes for their & familys Welfare 

I am 
With the greatest regard 

respect & Friendship 
Dear Sir 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

B Roberts 

Sir W". Johnson Baronet 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 245 


London 1^'. Septb^ 1771 

L*. Roberts letter rec'^. 22^. 
Octb^ — 

A. L. S. 

Albany h^. Sep': 1771 


Yesterday Evening I was fav^ with yours of the 2 1 *^ Ultimo, 
I now send the Iron you ordered agreable to your Directions, 
Excepting the Bar of Square Iron which is not so Large by I/4 
of an Inch as your order, but as it is the Largest I Could get I 
send it and if it does not Answer it may be returned any time 
I am 


Your Most Oblidged 
& Most Humble 
John Stevenson 

To the Hon'''^ SiR WiLLIAM JOHNSON Baro". 

Alby. 7K 1st. 1771 _ 

M^ John Stevensons 
Letter — 

In Johnson's hand. 

246 Sir William Johnson Papers 

JOHN Stevenson's bill 

A. D. 

Albany I Sep"" 177 1 

The Hon^'^: Sir William Johnson Baronett 

To John Stevenson D"": 

To 3..2..1 lb. Iron @ 37/ £6.. 9.. 10 

To half faggott 3 Crowleys Steel 
W:601b. @ IH. 


£9.. 4. .10 


Butlers Burg 2 Sepi. 1771 
Hon: Sir 

Just now M"^ Peckingam [ ] " Me your Favor Whearin 

you desired me to Send you my opinion, concerning Samons^ 
Road, I have no objections to The peoples Yousing the old 
Road, and if you Will be so Kind to taik the truble To give 
the Pathmaster such directions as you may think proper, you 
may be assured it Will be agreeable me, as I have no desne 
that People Shold be abliged to youse a bad Road When theay 
can Have a good one 

I am Hon*^. Sir your duty". 

Hum": Ser*. 

John Butler 


Sir William Johnson Bar": 


Sir William Johnson Bar". 

Johnson Hall 

1 In New York Public Library, New York City. 

2 Word missing in photostat copy. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 247 


A. L. s:- 

Charlestown Sep". 6^^: 1771 . 


About twelve days ago Da ya gough de re seze a chief of the 
Oneyda Nation, in English, called Thomas King, arrived in this 
Town in order to return by Sea, as the shortest route to you and 
his own Country. He produced to me honorable testimonies under 
your hand of his Attachment to the English and of his good 
services in action against the common Enemy, and acquainted 
me that he had been employed by you to Negotiate or to renew 
and confirm peace between the six nations and various Tribes 
of Indians on the Ohio, and with the Chickesaws, Creeks, 
Cherokees and Catawbas, in which he had succeeded. He com- 
municated to me the names and number, 33, of the various 
Nations, and shewed the Belts and strings of Wampum he had 
received on those occasions. 

Da ya gough de re seze complained that the long journey of 
thirteen months and the rough paths thro' which he travelled had 
quite exhausted his Wardrobe, wherefore partly on that hint, but 
chiefly from my regard and friendship for his Nation, I had 
cloathed him suitably to his rank. 

I had engaged a passage for him his retinue and the Catabaws 

on board Cap*. Blewer to Philadelphia, v/hich Thomas King 

had a great desire to see, and they were to embark the 7'*^. instant. 

He was to have been accompanied by Cap". John Austin a 
Catawba in order to confirm in your Presence the peace made 
by Thomas King, between the Catawbas and six United Nations. 
But poor Thomas King was taken ill of a violent Fever, and 
notwithstanding all the care that was taken and Attendance of 
some of our best Doctors, he died last night. I have Ordered 

^ William Bull was Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina in 1 760, 
1763 and 1769-75. 

^ In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

248 Sir William Johnson Papers 

him a decent funeral according to the Enghsh manner, as I knew 
not how to do him funeral honour according to the Custom of 
his Country, for we are intirely at a loss for an Interpreter of his 
Language. His Relations are to embark tomorrow morning, 
and I shall send the Cloaths I had prepared for him to you, that 
they may be given to his nearest relations to dry up those Tears 
that will How upon this melancholy Event. I have given his 
relations here some presents, who I suppose will take care of the 
belts and strings of Wampum which he received in the Course 
of his Negotiations, and report the occasions on which they were 
given. — 

I have the honour to be with great regard 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 
To W". Bull 

The Honorable 

Sir William Johnson Bar^. his 
Majesty's Agent & Superintendant for 
Indian Affairs in the Northern District 
of America at 

New York 

INDORSED:' Charlestown Septb^ 6*^. 1771 

L' gov^ Bulls letter 

w*^. an Ace', of Th*. Kings Death 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 492, is entered a letter of September 10, 
1771, to Rev. Charles Inglis, acknowledging Bishop Lowth's commen- 
dation of his service to (the conversion of Indians) and considering 
Governor Tryon's disposition tow^ard the interests of the church, the rights 
of the bishop of Quebec and maps of the Indian country (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 4:461-62; Q, 4:287-88.) 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 249 

A. L. S.' 

London lO^h Sept 177/ 


I had the pleasure of writing You on the 3 1 ^* Ult° since which 
have not been Honor'd with any of Your Letters — 

By the Britannia Cap* Miller I have Shipp'd for Your Acco* 
sundry Goods as ^ Invoice enclosd. Amos to £ 1 5 1 . . 2 . . 3 
which hope will arrive safe & in time before the Rivers are 
froze — the great demand for all kind of Woollens was the 
Cause why they were not sent sooner — 

I have little News to mention to You at present — Lord Hils- 
borough is not yet returnd from Ireland but expected in the 
course of a Fortnight — Lieut* Roberts has not Call'd upon me 
for this month past & I can get no tidings of Him — it gives me 
pain to think of that Young Gentleman's Conduct — I am of 
opinion that some proposition will be made in ParHam* for the 
augumentation of the Contingent Money for America, & the 
Advocates will now have good Ground to improve upon from the 
extension of the Trade from hence — & the Unanimity that 
every where prevails — the Ministry seem much pleas'd with the 
amazing Entries of our Manufacturers, & in my opinion will 
listen to any proposition that may be made by the E. India Com- 
pany for a New Arrangement of the Tea Duty — if so that 
Obsta[cle] will be Remov'd & make every one on Your Side 
easy & happy, there is a plan for making a New Government 
at the Missisipi accompany'd with a proper protection for the 
Settlers — the Trade in Skins from that part has been amazing 
& by Letters from thence there appears a seeming good dis- 
position on the part of the Spaniards to aid our Traffick with 
them — 

In Europe we have nothing New more than the publick prints 
will inform You — the poor Finances of France has oblig'd the 

^ The Johnson manuscripts contain a signed copy of this letter. 

250 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Minister to disband a part of the Land Forces, & dismantle some 
of their Ships — in England we are growing daily in Naval 
Strength by increasing the Number of both Ships & Men — 
Lord North stands firm as prime minister & is likely to continue 
some Years in that high office — His private Virtues & Good 
publick Conduct have defeat'd the Shaft of Malice against 
Him — so that opposition itself is oblig'd to Sit Silent — I have 
taken the Liberty by this conveyance to write You a Letter in 
favor of a Tho^ Hatton who goes out from Hence in the Employ 
of Mess Hagin & Son & myself on a Plan of cutting Timber 
necessary for the Kings Yards — Should this plan be carried 
on with Success, it will be of great & mutual Benefit to the 
Colony & this Country — We are certainly in Want of proper 
Timber for the use of the King's Ships & if it can be had in 
America, there will arise a Source of Remittance for the Manu- 
factures sent there, & a national Benefit — the Timber usually 
Sent from N York has never been attended to — & consequently 
the Navy people in the Yards have Receivd a very bad opinion 
of its Quality — on that Ace* we have Chosen this Hatton to 
explore the Country & to fix upon no Trees but what are sound 
& Good & have given Him Instructions to Square the Timber 
in such Lengths as to be admissible for the King's Use — hoping 
from His experience to remove that prejudice which the officers 
have conceivd against it — 

As this Plan is intended for such Beneficial purposes I shall 
hope for the Indulgence of Your good offices — & if You incline 
to be a Sharer in the same, I shall be happy in Your holding a 
Quarter part — We propose to Extend it to a considerable 
amount, provided it answers on the first Essay — & we are not 
doubtfull, having the promises of the Navy Board to give it a 
fair Trial — 

Permit me, Sir to assure You that I shall be happy in every 
opportunity of testifying how much I am 

Your obhged & obed hble Serv 

John Blackburn 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 25] 


London 10'J^7K 1771 

M^ Blackburns letter 
Ansd. 1 1 «\ Dec^— 

A. L. S.2 

NeWyorkSep^^: 10'-: 1771 
Dear Sir, 

I should have thanked you Sooner for your Letters of the 9''': 
and 22^: Ul'"": ; in the first of which you inclosed Me an extract 
from the Minutes of Proceedings with the Six Nations, in July 

It is pretty plain that the Six Nations were no way concerned 
in the Intrigues they were accused of, in the Report 
Made by Mohican John, and the other Indian at Fort-Pitt. 
I gave very little Credit to the Intelligence at the time, 
and believe M"^: Croghan was of the same opinion; tho' 
for some Reason, he would not declare his Sentiments. But he 
was right, no doubt, in transmitting the Report to you. 

I have waited some time to have the Accounts confirmed from 
the Ilinois, concerning the Hostilities committed there by the 
Kikapous. I have no Letters So late as that Event is reported to 
have happened, tho' two or three officers are arrived from thence, 
who inform me, that they had beared it at the Mingo Town on 
their Way to Fort-Pitt, and that a Party of about Forty of the 
ouabacke Indians, I Suppose the Kikapous to have been part, 
had Intention to intercept them going up the River, but they had 
escaped them by pushing on with great alacrity. These officers 
left the Ilinois the 9**^: or /O*^: of June. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

- In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

252 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Besides the ouabache Indians, the Pouteatamies of S*: Joseph 
have also killed Some People at the Ilinois and I find from 
Missilimakinac, that none of our Traders dare, even yet, go 
amongst that Nation to Trade. The French Traders supply 
them, and no doubt keep up their animosity against us. You 
may recollect their having Murdered Several English Traders, 
who ventured amongst them. 

You will See from these Reports, that the ouabache Indians 
Instead of becoming More Peaceable from the advice that has 
been given them, and forgiving their former Murders as well 
of Indians as of White People, are grown worse; and the 
Navigation of the Ohio, will be more precarious daily, unless 
Some Measures are taken to bring them to Reason and I am 
realy of your opinion that they Merit Chastisement, and that 
Nothing less will obtain us Peace from that Quarter. The 
Deputys Sent to the Southward May be returned already, or will 
Soon return, when you will be better able to Judge what is proper 
to be done therein, and the best way of Chastizing them. 
Mons"": Maisonville mentioned Something to me concerning those 
Tribes, of their never having been Sent for, or properly talked 
to. He may have Spoke More to you on that Subject. 

It will be proper also to take the Behavior of the Pouteatamies 
under Consideration, it is a Strange Situation that no English 
Trader dare go into their Country; and that they are to Send 
Partys every year to Make war at the Ilinois. I understand 
they are a Most turbulent Tribe, and believe Many of their 
Neighbours Might be prevailed upon to make them behave 
better; Which I should be glad you would take under your 

If the Pouteatamies and ouabache Indians are brought to 
reason, I hear of no other Nations at present that Shew any 
Inclination to commit Hostitlities. 

What you mention about the Peace between the Cherokees 
and Six Nations and other Matters, I very well remember, both 
you and M"^: Steuart were of the Same opinion, about the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 253 

impropriety of the Measure, and acted against your own Senti- 
ments. And I believe what followed Soon after that Event, 
and the Powerfull Confederacys that were forming, convinced 
every body that you was right in your Notions of Indian Policy. 
I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most Obedient 

humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 
S«: W": Johnson Bar': 


New York 7^^. 10'^ 1771 

Genr^ Gages letter 

Regarding Ind". Affairs & politicks 

Very Important. 


A. L. S. 
[City Hall Albany September 12, 1771] 

[ ] 

As Necessitey in Close Confinemant, Oblidgees me, to Wright 
These fue Lines to your Honnour, Hoping that it may fing you, 
in a good State of halte, as I am in at Prasent. But in a Bead 
Setuation of Life, and of Living som times Days Withought a 
Mought full of Victuls, and, Hardley, a Shurt, or any Other 
Close to Pute on my Back at Prasent, for I have Bin Oblidg to 
Sail all the Close I head to Seport my Selfe, With a Mought 
full of Vittols for to Save my Life, Tharefore, Now Nasessetey, 
Oblidges me to aske a Faver, from your Honnours hands. That, 
if your Honnour Whould Be Plesede to Be So Good, and 

In Johnson's hand. 

254 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Sande me a Letle Seporte By Sume, Safe, hand, and a Line 
So that I may, Git Whatsoever your Honnour Pleases, to Sende 
me, and, as I have Bin in This Close Confinement, Sinse, 
October, 1 769, Laste, Hov/ to, Git, Outh, I Donte Know, 
Tharefore, I have taken it upon me to Aske a Nother faver from 
Your hands that is, if your Honnour, Whould Be Plesed, to 
Be So Good, and Sende a Letter to the Honnorable, Assembley, 
in Order, to have, an Acte Paste for, aney in Solvent Dabt^ 
to Be, Releste out, of Confinement By Order, if thay Deliver 
up all, thay have, and if I Cante Git Ought, upon, them Terms, 
I Shall, Be Oblidg, to Perrish in this Dismill Plase, Tharefore, 
I hope, that your Honnour Will Be Plesed, to Doe, me. Sum 
Cindness, for if my Cradutors Whculd, have, Lafte me alone at 
my Bissnes I Could Have, Paid, all, I am in Dabt for, the 
Whole Dabt that I am In this Miserable, Plase for, is Oneley 
Sixtey Eight Pound^ Whould, have, Paid, Before Now, if 
Might, a Stade at, my Bissness, Tharefore, If your Honnour, 
Will Assiste me, in Order to Get m.e ought of this Dismall 
Plase, I Shall for Ever Be Bound, to Pray, for your Honnours 
helte and Well fair, from your Humb' Serv'., 

\Vm. Younge 
addressed : 


The, Honnorable S^ W=^. Johnson Night 
And Barrenight, att, 

JohnstoS Hall 


[Albany] 7K 12'^. 1771 

M^ Younges letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 255 

A. L. S. 

Niagara 16^'^ 5ep' 1771 

A young Ind" came here a few days agoe, with At,ton,gots 
Sister, a Woman of great Consequence and gave me a French 
medalle on my Promisseing to procure him an EngHsh one in 
lieu of it, I told them that I would acquaint you with the same. 
If you think proper to send one to be given the Young man it 
may please them, as I have given them a note oblidgeing myself 
either to return the old one, or give a new one. They live on 
some of the Branches of the Ohio, and I am informd that the 
Woman has very great influence over three Villages, She is 
Aunt to the Young man, They said that they would return here 
in about two months 

I beg my respctfull Complements to Sir John, and the rest 
of your ffamily and am with the utmost regard 


Your most obedient, and 

Most humble Servant — 

John Brown 
Sir William Johnson 

P. S. I heard a few days agoe that asha,wa,non or two, with 
some Belts, passd the Ge,ne,see, Village, goeing among the Six 
Nations, But cannot learn the Nature of their Busseness 

J. B. 


Septb^ 16'h. 1771 — 

Cap'. Browns letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

256 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 


L. 5. 

[Niagara, Sept. 16, 1771] 
Mohekin Abraham 

To Sir William Johnson 


As I Understand the Mohekins at Stock Bridge are Wanting 
to Sell a Certain Tract of Land lying above Albany from the 
Mouth of Wood Creek or Auwgwasaga upwards, I take this 
Oppertunity to Acquaint you that the Right of that Land belongs 
to me, and I must request the favour of you to Stop the Sale of 
it, untill you hear further from me, as I intend send- 
ing my Son to you in order to lay in My Claim to it, as soon as 
I can hear from you respecting it, w^hich I must beg you to 
enquire into ; many Old people about Albany Knows the Justice 
of my Claim. 

It may be reported that I am Dead as it is Forty Years since I 
left that Country. 

I am With great Respect 
Your Brother 
Mohekin A Abraham 

-ri T I ki„ Pr Keeperdo — 

The Hon^'«^ ^ 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 


The Hon^'^ 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

His Majesty's Sole Agent and Superintendant of 
Indian affairs in the Northern District of North 

Johnson Hall 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 257 


Mohikin Abrahams 
Letter from Ohio 
concerning Land 
reed, it 7K 16'^. 1771 


A. L. 5.« 

Philadelphia 17 Sepf 1771 
My much honoured Sir 

D"^ Smith and myself are most shamefully treated by M"^ 
Hall.* We had done every thing for him y* one in pinchd 
Circumstances wanted to give him a complete Education and to 
fit him for the Service of the Indians first as a Schoolmaster and 
then as a Missionary. Insensible of the obligations he was under 
to D"" Smith & without any desire to do the Good intended for 
the Church he without any reason in the world that I know off 
flew off from the Engagements made us. He pretends obedience 
to a foolish Father I wish I coud impute his Conduct to so good 
a motive but I believe it was Indolence and a dread of the hard- 
ships of an Indian Life. These I suppose were aggravated by 
some people and made Impressions on a weak Father and a weak 
Child. These Bug bear Stories Shoud have been despised but 
I believe from what has happened that he had not Spirit enough 
for the work. So tho the Event be a very disagreable one yet 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Protestant-Episcopal clergyman ; assistant pastor in Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, Pa., for a time from which he resigned in 1737; secretary 
to the land office; secretary to a succession of governors; one of the 
provincial council till his death ; in the summer of I 762 was invited to 
officiate in the United churches of Philadelphia, and was chosen rector 
at the close of the year. 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

*See Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:438; Q, 4:274. 

258 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I conceive He would not have ansvs^ered our purpose. We are 
endeavouring to make up this Loss, but find no fit person yet, 
nor do I see any prospect from those w^ho are in the College — 
but time & a little time too may thrown before us a proper person. 
The moment such a one is seen I will write you again. 

M"^ Stuart thinks & speaks of himself as made happy by your 
goodness. If God spares your precious Life we may I hope 
place good people amongst the Indians & People in your 
neighbourhood. The Church has no Zeal, had a good religion 
one half the affection for it that bad religions have in other 
Denominations We shoud fill you with Ministers & School- 
masters nor spare either Expence or personal trouble to do it. 
but Churchmen of all others care little for the prosperity of their 
Church. I am with Services to Col' Guy Johnson & M"" Clause 

Dear Sir 
Your most obliged 

& affectionate 

& humble Servant 
Richard Peters 
Sr W" Johnson 


Septb^ 17'h. 1771 — 

The Revr^. M^ Peters letter 


[Johnson hall Sepiem^\ 19, 1771] 
[Dear Sir] 

Having lately paid a Visit to try the Effects of a Spring lately 
discovered to the Northward of Schenectady, I was so long 

^ In Johnson's hand ; missing sections supplied from manuscript letter of 
same date in William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. I| 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 259 

detained there & on the road that it has hitherto prevented me 
from communicating the particulars I lately received from the 
Southward. I am now to thank you for your favor of the 10*. 
Ins* & to lay them before you. — 

The first pacquet I received contained a Long Letter from M^ 
Croghan, wherein he points out the Trouble and Expence in which 
his present Situation Involves him, & that he Cannot Continue in 
his Office without his Expences &c are allowed him. In this 
Letter he mentions his having been informed by a very knowing 
Indian That the Western Nations have it in view to fall upon the 
Six Nations, as the latter act Insincerely tow^^ them. — That from 
a Conversation he had with another Chief It appeared that 
Gaustarax the Old Seneca had sent belts to the Southward, 
but that he believes that the Senecas of Ohio &c were the only 
people concerned in this plot, tho these Excuse themselves by 
alledging that the Shawanese allways Change the purport of 
their belts, & gave one particular Instance wherein they had 
done so last fall. This Letter accompanied one from M"^. 
McKee who was sent by M^ Croghan to the Scioto Meeting. 
M"^ M^Kee gives a Very favorable ace* of Tho* Kings Con- 
duct, Says that the French give out that the bloody belts were 
intended ag* them & their Neighbouring Ind*. under Color of 
which, they are Erecting Forts, but that in reality it is at the 
desire of the Indians by way of Security, ag* any Measures 
which the Six Nations may now take, he adds that notwith- 
standing the pains [that have been taken to alter Thomas Kings 
good opinion of the English He has faithfully discharged the 
Trust reposed in him, "and that] he had very nigh been 
murdered by [the Ottawaes for the freedom of his] Speeches" — 
I have Since rec'^. another pacquet of Letters Aug*. 1 1 *'^. & 1 4*^. 
from Fort Pitt by Express across the Country [and also with] 
M^ M*^Kee's Journal, and a Speech which the Ind*. [desired] 
might be forwarded to me — From the Journal it appears that 
he descended the Ohio from Fort Pitt he heard of some Murders 

260 Sir William Johnson Papers 

& [Several] Robberies Committed by the Ind*. particularly at 
the Mouth of [Muskingum] he found a Number [of] Dela- 
wares drinking who had plundered a Canoe [loaded] with Rum 
&c these he rebuked severely & they promised to make restitution, 
but I find in every late Acco* such bitter Comp'*. ag^ the 
unlimited Quantity of Rum that is carried amongst [them] That 
I cannot help repeating my former desire for its being [laid 
under] Some restriction — On his arrival at the Lower 
Shawanese Town he found that Tho*. King was departed for 
sometime having [made] his Speeches to the Shawanese, Wian- 
dots, Ottawas & Chipeweighs The other Tribes not Coming in 
he left directions that they sho^. [streightway] be made 
acquainted with his business & Speeches, he was accompan'd 
from thence by sev'. Shawanese who M"" M^Kee is informed 
may be Spies upon his conduct with the Cherokees, the boldness 
he [adds,] with which he delivered his Speeches has inclined 
them to doubt his Authority. They say he told them That 
"Whatever Nation sho*^. [dare] to disturb the peace might 
Depend on being severely chastized for their [Insolence] by the 
English & Six Nat^ & that the Wawraghtonos & Kickapous 
had to take care that the stroke did not first fall upon them for 
that their folly had long deserved it. That he wo^. recommend 
their Conduct for [the future] to be such as to merit the pity, 
rather than the resentment, of so great [a People,] Adding that 
the 2 last ment"^. Nations & the Straggling Ind^ of the [Six 
Nations h^^.\ living in that Country must be Excluded from, 
that Notice in the Chain [of] Friendship formerly shewn them 
until their good behavior sho^. deserve , [otherwise,] 15 Days 
after Mr. M^Kees arrival there A party of Twightwees & 
Powtewatamis [came (as they said) in the Name of 
Wawiaghtenos, Kickapous, & the rest of the Wabash Ind^ who 
were prevented from coming to hear Thomas Kings proceedings] 
by a Call they Received from the Illinois which [M^ M*=.Kee 
says, the] Shawanese told him was however an Excuse, as they 
were really gone to Strike the EngHsh. — From the 21*^ June 

Post-War Per'iol 1763-1774 261 

to the 1 **. of July was Spent in delivering Tho*. Kings Speeches, 
after which the Shawanese upbraided them with their past 
Conduct &c — The Twightwees made many declarations of 
their own pacific Disposition but Acknowledged the Misbehavior 
of those they represented to whom they promised faithfully to 
deliver all they had heard, but feared they w^. not pay due regard 
to it. The Powtewatamis Chief affected not to understand the 
Council & to decline having anything to do with it, said his 
Confederacy despised Threats, appeared to disregard w'. had 
been said by the Six Nations, believed that peace w<^. not last 
long & that they w'^. be prepared for them by wch according to 
M"". M^Kees Information they alluded to the Forts builds by 
the French. He however observes that T. Kings Speeches have 
thrown the West". Ind*. into great Confusion, as they see that 
these Straggling Senecas &c whom they looked upon as the 
Mouth of the 6 Nations were despised & thrown off by that 
Confederacy, At length it was Concluded that the Shawanese 
sho'^. Send a Deputation to the 6 Nation Country to know 
whether he had been charged with all the Speeches & whether 
they were their real Sentiments. — Before M^ M<^Kees departure 
the Shawanese addressed him in a Speech which they desired 
might be sent to me, & of which together with his remarks made 
during his Journey I now transmit you a Copy — It may be 
difficult to lay any restriction upon Rum, or to Confine the Sale 
of it to particular places, but If it can be done It ought, for I 
am persuaded it is often the Cause of both Murder & Robbery, 
tho' it is not so in every Instance. It at present serves as an 
Excuse & I think we sho^ if possible leave them without even 
that Excuse for their Conduct. — 

I shall Seriously consider of the properest means for Chastizing 
those Disturbers of the peace. — The Ind*. of Ouabache have 
been as often called together as any in that quarter. They have 
been Sev'. times Sent for by myself & have sometimes attended, 
when they were allways but to well Treated, & I am sure they 
Cost the Gov^ enough, whilst I had Commissi at the Ilinois & 

262 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Detroit from their Situation we should have but Htlle [to do 
with them, but that circumstance incHnes them to have a good 
deal to do with us, and whilst they know it is in their power] 
to obstruct our Communication [they will do it, as I understand 
many] parties are now out for that purpose. In short betw[een 
the evil inclination] of the Indians & Licentiousness of the Whites 
it is a difficult matter [to Act. — ] The Traders [sell them Rum 
in y^. greatest plenty,] then tempt them with goods which they 
put what price they please upon, in the midst of the Ind"- 
Country, amongst [a rapacious] Savage people. At the same 
time The White Hunters Interrupt them in the Chase and 
already Some people have Crossed the Susquehanna & Ohio 
(vv^hich was the boundary Line settled in 1 768) & are now 
building in the Ind". Country, of which I have full proof. — 
Such a disregard to Treaties affords them a dangerous 
Example. — 

M^ Croghan says That the Ind*. Settled about Ohio, shew 
plainly their disappointment, which he attributes in a great 
measure to Tho*. Kings Speeches. — I shall Imediately let the 
Six Nations know of the Message they are to Expect from the 
Southward & take the best measures I can on that Occasion. — 
In his Second Letter he again repeats his request of being dis- 
missed from his Office, representing the great Charge it is likely 
to be to him & the Impossibility of his Continuing without 
enlarging his allowance. I shall be glad to have your Sentiments 
& Directions hereon. 

I cannot conclude without Expressing the Satisfaction I receive 
from your approbation of my Opinions & to assure you that I 
shall allways set the highest Value on your favorable Testimony. 

His Excell'^y. 

Lt. Gen^. Gage 

indorsed : 

Septr. I9»h. 1771 
To Gen'. Gage with 
inclosures from Ohio &c 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 263 

A. L. S. 

[New York September 19, 1771] 
Dear Sir 

I received yours 9*'' Inst' & am verry happy in answering it by 
your Nephew D^ Dease, who brought me a Letter from my Old 
Friend Cap' Warren Johnson. I hope this Gentleman's Skill 
& his Company will be usefull to you — I am sorry the Spring 
at Kayaderosseras has not had any good Efl^ect. 

M". Wallace & I are both verry well & much obliged by your 
kind Invitation but we must debar ourselves that pleasure for this 
Year. We hope Sir John will spend the Winter with us. Lord 
Dunmore told me if he had staid in the Goverment S"^ John 
should have spent the Winter with him, if the Sherriff & Posse 
Com. of the C° of Albany could have brought him, if nothing 
else would do. he spoke of him in the most friendly terms. He 
was realy a verry honest good Man & I think would have made 
us all very happy. Our present Governor [ ] 

[ ...'.' 

& Polite. M" Tyron is getting better [her being] ill since their 
Arrivall has prevented our knowing so much about them as we 
shall do soon — I fancy our Assembly will not meet before 
November. I spoke to J a* Delancy on the C° Albany Mat- 
ters lately, & he says he will push it this Session, & has no doubt 
of being able to carry it to your Satisfaction. I find its proposed 
to leave the fixing the County Town to the Justices & Free 
holders — Pray will that answer your Purpose ? 

Your Jews Harps were sent up to Albany by Skipper Henry 
Marseiles the 14 June last, & we have his receipt for them. 
M"^ Phyn promised me he would enquire for them, & I hope he 

Lines burned off. 

264 Sir William Johnson Papers 

has succeeded. No News here. Our Compl'* to all Friends at 
y® River. 

I am Dear Sir 

Y^ obliged & obed* Serv* 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 


Sir William Johnson Bar*, 

Johnson Hall 
^ D^ Dease 


N York ]9K 7br. 1771 — 

[M^] Wallaces letter 

[ ] Nephew Dease 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 493, is listed a letter dated New York, 
Sept. 21, 1771, from Rev. Charles Inglis on Johnson's zeal for convert- 
ing and civilizing the Indians, the right method of enlisting Gov. Tryon's 
cooperation. Gov. Franklin's proposal of a fund to be obtained from 
islands in the Delaw^are river, the necessity of a fund to the success of an 
intended memorial to the EngHsh government, Col. Johnson's map of the 
Iroquois country, Mr Stuart's journey, and sickness prevalent in Nev^ 
York, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:462-65; Q, 4:288-89.) 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 265 

A. Df. 

[Johnson Hall September 21 , 1771] 

Your favour of the 28*^. May did not reach me until the 1 6'^. 
of this Ins', by it I find that you have not been able to receive 
my Dividend, nor of course to purchase for me with the Money 
w^. I remitted you, wherefore agreable to your directions 
(which I wish had come sooner) I now Send you herewith a 
power of Attorney executed before Two Magistrates, which I 
hope will answer all purposes. 

As Soon as you have purchased additional Stock for me, 
you will please to send a State of the Whole. In the meantime 
[I] conclude with much Esteem Sir, 

Y^ Sincere well wisher 

& Humble Serv'. 

P. S. inclosed you have also 

a Bill of Cap^ Daniel Clau's in my favour £25 — 

which, with all the rest you will please 

to lay out in purchasing more Stock. — 

M\ SAM^ Baker — 


Septb^ 2bK 1771 — 

Letter to M^ Sam'. Baker 
w*^. 2 Powers of Attorney 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

266 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. 5.1 

[Sept. 21, 1771] 

This Indenture made the Twenty first day of September, One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy One Between Sir John 
Johnson of Fort Johnson Knight, Daniel Claus of WilHam's- 
burgh. Esquire, Guy Joh[n]son of Guy Park Esquire, Michael 
Byrne of Kingsborough Esquire, Jelles Fonda of Caghnawaga 
Esquire and Gilbert Tice of John's Town Gentleman, all in the 
County of Albany and Province of New York of the One Part 
And Robert Adems of John's Town aforesaid in the County 
and| Province aforesaid Merchant of the Other Part Whereas 
our now Sovereign Lord George The Third by Letters Patent 
under the Great Seal of The Province of New York Bearing 
Date the fifteenth day of September One Thousand Seven Hun- 
dred and Seventy Did and Grant unto John Bowen and others 
All that Certain Tract of Land Situate, Lying and Being in the 
County of Albany on the West Side of Schohary Hill and 
within the Province of New York Butted and Bounded as in 
and by the said Letters Patent or the Record thereof in the 
Secretary's Office of the Province of New York Referrence 
being thereunto had may more fully and at Large Appear And 
Whereas the said Parties to These Presents of the first and 
Second Parts by Virtue of Sundry Mesne Conveyances are 
become Seized of the Whole of said Tract of Land so Granted 
by said in part recited Letters Patent And Whereas The said 
Parties to These Presents of the first and Second Parts Have 
Mutually Agreed upon an Equal Division Among them of the 
said recited or in part recited Lands and That each Party shall 
hold his Proportion thereof in Severalty and not in Common 
Now This Indenture Witnesseth That The said Parties to These 
Presents of the first Part and each of them Severally and 

1 In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 267 

respectively for and in Consideration of the Sum of Twenty 
Pounds Current money of the Province of New York to each 
of them respectively in hand paid by the said Robert Adems 
at or before the Ensealing and Delivery of These Presents, The 
Receipt whereof They the said Parties hereto of the first Part 
Do hereby Respectively Acknowledge and Thereof and There- 
from Do Respectively Acquit, Release and Discharge him the 
said Robert Adems by These Presents Have and each of them 
severally and respectively Hath Granted, Bargained, Sold, 
Aliened, Released and Confirmed and by These Presents Do 
and each of them Severally and Respectively Doth Clearly and 
Absolutely Grant, Bargain, Sell, Alien, Release and Confirm 
unto the said Robert Adems (in his Actual Possession now 
being by virtue of a Bargain and Sale to him thereof made by 
the said Parties to These Presents of the first Part by Indenture, 
Bearing Date the day next before the day of the date of These 
Presents and by Force of the Statute made for Transferring of 
them into Poessesion) and to his Heirs for Ever All and Singular 
the Three following Lots or Parcels Lots or Parcels of Land 
being Part or Parts of the Tract of Land Granted by the Said 
in part recited Letters Patent, That is to Say, Lot Number 
Twenty One Beginning at the Stone Heap, and runs from thence 
South by five Degrees West One Hundred Chains along Bounds 
of Johannes Lawyer and others to the East Corner of Lot 
Number Twenty five; Thence North forty Degrees West Sixty 
Chains and fifty Links to the South Corner of Lot Number 
Seventy Two; Thence North fifty Degrees East Ninety five 
Chains along the South East Bounds of said Lot Number 
Twenty Two to it's East Corner; thence South fifty Degrees 
East Seventy four Chains and a half along the South West 
Bounds of Lot Number One to the Stone Heap being the Place 
of Beginning; Containing Six Hundred and Thirty One Acres 
of Land, be the same more or Less; Lot Number Six Beginning 
at the North Corner of Lot Number One and runs from thence 
North fifty Degrees East One Hundred & nine Chains along the 
South Easterly Bounds of Lots Number Five and Nine to the 

268 Sir William Johnson Papers 

West Corner of Lot Number Eight; Thence South forty 
Degrees East One Hundred and Five Chains and a Half along 
the South West Bounds of Lots Numbers Eight and Seven to 
the Old Patent of Schohary ; Thence north Eighty One Degrees 
West One Hundred and Thirty one Chains and Fifty Links 
along the Bounds if the Said Old Patent of Schohary to a 
Corner Tree Lettered I B &c; Thence South Eleven Degrees 
West Thirty Chains along the Bounds of the aforesaid old 
Patent of Schohary to the East Corner of said Lot Number One ; 
Thence North forty Degrees West Twenty Six Chains and fifty 
Links along the North East Bounds of said Lot Number One 
to the place of Beginning Containing Six Hundred and Thirty 
One Acres of Land be the same more or Less; Lot Number 
Eleven Beginning at the North Corner of Lot Number Nine 
and runs from thence North Forty Degrees West Seventy four 
Chains along the North East Bounds of Lot Number Ten to 
the West Corner of said Lot Number Ten; Thence North fifty 
Two Degrees East Eighty Five Chains and thirty Links along 
the Easterly Bounds of Corry and others to the West Corner 
of Lot Number fifteen; Thence South Forty Degrees East 
Seventy four Chains along the South West Bounds of said Lot 
Number fifteen to the West Corner of Lot Number Sixteen; 
Thence South Fifty Degrees West Eighty Five Chains and 
Thirty Links along the North West Bounds of Lot Number 
Twelve to the place of Beginning; Containing Six Hundred and 
Thirty One Acres of Land be the same more or Less; which 
said Three Lots make in the Whole One Thousand Eight Hun- 
dred and ninety Three Acres of Land be the same more or Less; 
Together with all and Singular The Tenements, Hereditaments, 
Emoluments, Rights, Members and Appurtenances thereunto 
belonging or in any Wise Appertaining And the Reversion and 
Reversions, Remainder and Remainders, Rents, Issues and 
Proffits And also all the Estate, Right, Title, Interest, Use 
Trust, Property, Possession, Claim and Demand whatsoever, 
both in Law and Equity of them the said Parties to These 
Presents of the first Part and each of them severally and 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 269 

respectively of in and to the said Three Lots of Land and of 
and to every Part and Parcel thereof with Their and every of 
their Appurtenance To Have and To Hold all and Singular 
the said Three Lots or Parcels of Land, Hereditaments and 
Premises hereby Granted and Released with their and every of 
their Appurtenances unto the said Robert Adems his Heirs & 
Assigns to his and Their Own Proper Use Benefit and Behoof 
for Ever Subject to the Quitrent, Provisoes, Reservations, 
Limitations, Conditions and Restrictions in the said recited or 
in Part recited Letters Patent Expressed and Contained And the 
said Parties to these Presents of the first Part Severally for 
Themselves and Their Heirs, Executors & Administrators 
Respectively hereby covenant and Grant to and with the said 
Robert Adems his Heirs and Assigns that the said Premises 
hereby by them Respectively Granted are free from all Incum- 
brances by them Respectively made And shall and may be for 
Ever hereafter peacably Enjoyed by the said Robert Adems 
his Heirs and Assigns without any Disturbance from any Person 
or Persons Claiming or to Claim the same by from or under 
them, The said Parties to these Presents of the first Part or any 
of Them Respectively In Witness whereof the Parties to These 
Presents have hereunto Interchangeably Set their Hands and 
Seals the day and Year first above Written — 

John Johnson G. Johnson Jelles Fonda 

Dan Claus Mich^ Byrne Gilbert Tice 

Be it Remembered that on the Eleventh — day of 

June in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 

hundred & Seventy four personally appeared before me Sir 
William Johnson Baronet one of his Majestys Council for the 
Province of New York Dudley Davis and being duly Sworn on 
the holy Evangelists of Almighty God deposeth And Saith that 
he was Present And Saw Sir John Johnson Knight Daniel Claus 
Esq^ Guy Johnson Esq"^ . Michael Byrne Esq"". Jellis Fonda 
Esq^ & Gilbert Tice Parties to the within Deed Seal and Deliver 
the Same as their Voluntary Act and Deed for the Uses therein 

270 Sir William Johnson Papers 

mentioned And that he this Deponant Subscribed his name as a 
Witness thereto And also saw John Cottgrave the other Witness 
thereto subscribe his Name as a Witness to the same And I 
having Inspected the within Instrument And finding no Material 
Razures Interlineations or Obliterations therein do Allow the 
Same to be Recorded 

W. Johnson 

Recorded in Tryon County Records Lib. A fol: 147: 148: 

B Lefferty Depy Clk 


Sealed and Delivered in 

the Presence of us — the word "five" 

being first Interlined 

John Cottgrave 
Dudley Davis 

Release of Some 

Sir John Johnson Knight 
and Others — 

M' Robert Adems 

Lots of Land on the 
>West Side of Schohary 
Hill in the County 
of Albany — 
September the 2h* 1771 

D. Davis 


A. L. S. 

[Teronto Sepf 22^. 1771] 
[ ] 

Since we done Ourselves the Honour of Writing You by the 
Battoe Funda Sent to Us, we are seperated. the Indians of 
Pemiskittyon sent three times to Invite Us there upon which we 
Consulted together and came to the following Resolution, as M^ 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 271 

Keiuser was not Capable to Carry on the Necessary Correspond- 
ence required hear he Consented to go. I got an Assortment filed 
out for him & Imeadiately gave him the Invoice at the Bottom 
of w^hich I made Out the Charges on the Merchandize. Speci- 
fing Everry Individual Article, to a Candle for his Government.^ 
I intreated him most Earnestly to throw off his Indolence & take 
care to make sure that which he has promised me he will do. 
since he Left this which was the second Ins*. I have heard from 
him, and have the pleasure to Inform you that the Indians 
Received him Most kindly, made him a present of ten Baer Skins 
to Welcome him, and traded off With him three Large packs 
the second day of his Arrival & Imeadiately Dispatched Mes- 
sengers Round to there people to Acquaint them of [ ] 

[ ^] 

Good trade. I have had a Visit from [ ] 

Great Chief with five of his people. after he rested & 
Refreshed himself he told me to sit by him that he wanted to 
speak to me. he then pulled Out ten strings of Wampum & 
spoke as follows. It gives me and my people great pleasure that 
you Intend to Continue among Us. now we know where to 
[obtain] supplies to Our Liking, keep up your Spirits and be 
Assured My people will Look on this house as there Own then 
taking me by the hand he now took me as his Child, and All 
the Indians should Look on me as such, then holding up the 
Strings those is Like your Writing they dont tell Lyes, you 
may depend on having a Great Many Indians this fall & Winter 
treat them kindly when they Come, on your Account I have 
forbid the frenchmen building a house or tradeing at my place 
Our Eyes is now Open and we find they have Imposed On Us, 
and stole our Beaver & Skins, a Vast deal more he said, he 
then Asked me whether I knew where Monoghquit (the Chief 
on the Lake hear) was. I told him about four Mile off he 

^ At this point in the margin appears the following : Mr. Keiuser's 
Cargo amts. to £360 — 

^ Line burned off. * 

272 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sent Messengers for him and his people to Come to him, then 
made me a present of four Beavers. the Next Morning 
Monoghquit with about Twenty Young men came, then the 
Council was Opened, the Old man pulled Out a Belt & 
began as follows: Monoghquit I hear you nor your people 
does nothing [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] have to beg rum from them to get Drunk, dont 

you know I want my people Over soon and the rum, thats its 
Our Custom to Carry our Rum to Our Castle and drink among 
Ourselves & not Among the White people, as to you, you are 
all slaves. In a Little time you will not know how to hunt and 
the English will dispise you, as they must now. get your people 
together and build a Castle & hunt as We do, then you will 
become a great people again, you Are not Insensible that it 
was me who made you a Great man, and that with a View for 
you to take care of the Young people & give them good Advice, 
but Instead of that I am Informed You are One of the Worst 
and the Most troublesome to the English, and that you Robed 
Our friends Last summer, (the two Bluckers was robed of Six 
Cags of rum, the Indians had some temptation, for it Lay Open 
In the field the Old Man thought it was Us was robed) I now 
Insist You pay them for what you took and take care for the 
future & behave better or you will Disoblidge me, and Let me 
see you all go to your hunting Grounds, which they have done 
since, they hung down their heads & Acknowledged they done 
wrong would Not do so Again, then made a Remark that the 

[ '] 

not help Drinking, the Old Man [ ] 

that they were fools, the more traders that came [ ] 

them, the Better they would be supplied, and it [ ] 

the English put Confidence in them, and they should not by 
there bad behaviour break the friendship that subsisted between 
them &ca &ca. I was Under a Necessity on this Occasion to 


Line burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 273 

break threw Your Order. I spoke on nothing but trade. I 
pulled out ten strings of black Wampum, Returned them thanks 
for the Friendship they had Allready shown Us, and hoped 
they would be strong & still keep it, but that a great Number 
of them was Verry fickle & not to be depended On for when 
Other traders came hear, for a Little rum or Other triffles they 
would trade with them, is it not clear to You that those people 
only comes for a few days & then Leaves You. what would 
you do if we done so You would have to Walk In Winter 
to Niagara, be Resolute & Strong & Look on this house keep 
to it as You have promised, and you shall find you will Allways 
be supplied. I then told them was they fools they could Not 
Distinguish the Difference, the traders that come brings as much 
goods as you Can Carry on your hands the Rest Rum. the Old 
Man said it was Verry true, his people some of them was 
Foolish but it would not be so Again, the Indians on the 
Lake had a Report Among [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] I heard of it. I told them yes but it was Only a 

Drunking Indian said so, & that there was Nothing in it, which 
is the truth, they are greatly Afraid of the Senecas. the Old 
Man made Reply & Asked them whether they were Women 
to be Afraid of the Senecas. if you are Afraid Come Over to 
me I have Corn Enough for you All & I with my people will 
stand Our Ground, but you are Fools to Listen to such Idle 
Reports. I hear them but what I gather In One Ear I Let Out 
at the Other, they then Asked me about the French & Spaniards 
& Whether we were Going to Warr. they know all About it. 
I told them there was such a Report but that the French & 
Spanairds had paid Us a Great deal of money to make up with 
them they said it was just what some of there people heard at 
Montreal. I then told them as to the Little spot the Spanairds 
had (Meaning Augustin) which they know we Could take it 
when we pleased they said they were Sensible of it. 

^ Lines burned off. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

I now send you Sir An Account of What Goods we had since 
hear from Campbell £ 1 147 . . 13 . . 7 

Jacob V Derheyden 287 . . 1 7 . . 1 0^ 

Hugh Henney 44 

Jealous Funda 817. .16. . 6^/4 

Paid of that 

£2297.. 8.. 1 
1290.. 8.. 1 

Ballance Remand £1007 

[ 1 

Do Campbell [ ] 

£60 [ ] 

You Sir Nor Funda has not Let us know whether you took the 

Goods we sent down, pray Let us know in the Next you honour 

us with. Now I will show you the Difference of Campbells & 

Fundas Charges, the Latter 

on knifes 

the Other Silver Works having 

none from Campbell cant 

tell, this I foreseen & wrote 

You my thoughts before on 

that head, he Also Charges 

Us Expences & Carraige which 

Campbell Dont. its because 

he sells to Billy hare so he 

thinks he can do it with Every One. if god spares Our Lives 

I hope next spring to Convince them that it will be worth there 

while to be punctual with Us. I hope M^ Campbell will not 

Disapoint Us in the Battoe of rum we wrote for. if he Does we 

are Intirely frustrated, not having a third hard Rum Enough. I 

Expect M^ Keiuser will send me what packs he has soon, which 

if he does with what I have got will be Considerable. I Expect 

partys In Everry day. those Ind"^ dont trade single skins Like 

Zhargeing us 

so much more. 

1/ p"^ Dozen 


2/ p"" hundred 


3d. Each 

Ear bobs 

6^. d° 

Rist bands 

1/ do 

1000 Flints 

16/ Over 


5/ p"" piece 


4/ do. 


1/ do. 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 275 

the Others, they dont come Out of the Woods Untlll they have 
Got a Good parcel & then Comes in partys. the Ind"*. 
is so Confounded Lazy [ ] 

[ '1 

[ ] I will do myself the honour of sending you to 

know whether its the sort you mean. I am sorry I can [not] pro- 
cure Any thing worth Sir Johns Acceptance to Whom & the 
Rest of the Family be pleased to remember Me, as nothing would 
make more happy than to be Wonced more in their Esteem, and 
believe me to be 

My Dear Sir W"". 

Your Ever faithful! & Most 
Oblidged Humble Serv*. 

Ferrall Wade 
P. S. I have made great 
Improvements this summer 
I have Got the House quite 
snug. I Assure you its not an 
Indifferent One. I have 
30 Cord of Wood at my door, 
which we Carried in the Battoe about a mile — 

I forgot to Mention before the Old Man went away I made 
him a present of One [of] my Own Coats, a Cag rum, a Blanket 
powder & Shot, at which he was highly pleased & told me he 
would Allways Remember me when he Looked on the Coat, 
he then Asked me whether I Could treat him with a Bottle of 
Wine. I told him yes happening to have a few Bottles of red port, 
which we send for the sake of the Bottles, we drank three 
Bottles and he Remarked to his son, this is a Great Man the 
traders from Niagara drinks nothing but such rum as we do. 
God knows we dont taste Wine Onced in Six Months. I strove 
to show big & honoured them with siting at the table at which 

[ 'I 

[ ] such friendship [ ] Out of the 

^ Lines burned off. 

276 Sir William Johnson Papers 

traders power to hurt Us. they traded two Large packs with 
me. what I mean by Large is such packs as we make. — I have 
Got a man with me that speaks the Language pritty Well 
a [ ] Lad who knew me there does Everrything ab*. 

the house for £ 1 8 p"^ Annum — 


Toronto 7K 22d. 1771 

Ferrall Wades letter 


A. L. S. 

Cachnewago 24 Sept'' 1771 

I Just now Rec'^ your feav' and am now a Sending Round for 
to Procure 8 of the Best hands as I Can Tinck of; petter Nare is 
gone up for me to Neiagera — I will if Posebele get John S. 
Phillips who always was willing and obliging in my Imply; to 
go in the Rome of him with John Ponwel and Volkert Phillips 
and I will Send op to Van alstines for the Bato and have hur 
Put in order here — I have no Bato to Spare so there most Be 
Sent for one to Schonectady if I have orders I Can Do it — I 
Send the Red and Blue wosted By the Bearer your Bouy Cost 
2/6 p"" Bunch there is 4 Bunches about 1 "^ w*. in them 

as to the Lands at Forth Stawix I whould Be glad to have 
them to the Estward of the Rever Down to Lord Hollands Line 
and op the Rever about 5 miles if there Be aney More then wat 
is given to Petter. I am about fitting out two Batoes one for 
ondago and one for Cayugo to Buy Jinsang & Next week 2 if 
Can Set them out I Beleve I Shall go to Forth Stanwix and Take 
a Vewe of them my Self when I whould Be much obliged to you 
to Speke to the Indians whether or not — Before Sir wiliam 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 111 

Goes up I will Show you a Letter as I got from the Honerabele 
Henry wite Conserning the Lands there and then I whould Be 
glad for your advice in it how to act farther so Sir I Remane in 
Haste your most 

obedient Humbele 

Jelles Fonda 
To Sir wi". Johnson 


Major Fondas 


7b--. 24»>^ 1771 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 493, is listed a letter of September 24th 
to the Earl of Hillsborough, recommending Rev. Charles IngHs's memorial 
touching the Christianization of Indians and commending Rev. Dr Cooper, 
Presd't of N. York Colledge (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:987-88; 
Q, 2:572.) 

A. L. 5.2 

New york Sepf. 24^K 1 77 1 
Dear Sir 

I conclude that M^ Croghan has transmitted You M"": 
M^Kee's Report from Sioto; by which You will see there was 
some Foundation for the Intelligence given by Mohicon John; 
and that the Plot proceeded from the Quarter the Six Nations 
suspected, what they told you at their last Meeting seems to 
agree with M^.Kee's Discoverys amongst the Western Indians; 
but they appeared so convinced that it was a Measure approved 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

278 Sir IVilUam Johnson Papers 

of by the whole Confederacy, that they had Doubts about 
Thomas King's Messages, or that he was empowered to speak 
to them in the stile he delivered his Messages; and to know the 
Truth, proposed sending to the Senacas. The Pouteatamies and 
Nations of the ouabache pretended, for I believe it only a Gas- 
conade, to set the English and Six Nations at Defiance, but I 
hear nothing of the Forts the French are reported to be building 
for their Reception. They made the Usual Complaints of the 
Quantity of Rum brought by the Traders, I wish most Sincerely 
that it could be prevented; I will do my utmost When the 
Commissioners from the Several Provinces meet to regulate the 
Trade, which I am informed they are to do. 

The Pouteatamies did Mischief at the Ilinois in the Spring 
and the Kikapous killed a White Man and a Negro, and made 
another White Man Prisoner, about Six Miles from Fort- 
Chartres, on a Plantation of Baynton and Company, on the 1 7'^. 
of July. The Prisoner, by name Fintey, has contrived to get a 
Letter by means of the French Traders to the Commanding 
Officer of the Detroit, who has transmitted it to me. He says 
it was resolved to burn him, but that he was Saved thro' the 
Intercession of the French, of whose Goodness to him he speaks 
highly. He informs also, that the Indians there, are fully bent 
for War against the English, that they had killed one EngHshman 
and one Negro on the Same Plantation two Months before he 
was taken, and some of them were then out. It is possible those 
that were out intended to intercept a couple of Boats, in which 
were two or three officers, with other People comeing up the 
ohio. on some suspicion of the kind, the Boats pushed up very 
fast, and were informed at the Mingo-Town that a Party of 
Forty Kikapous went out with Design of intercepting them. 

I wrote to you a few Days ago about the best Means we 
could fall upon to chastize these Tribes and bring them to 
Reason, and perhaps you would first choose to know the Answers 
which Thomas King shall bring from the Western and Southern 
Nations, before you would resolve upon the Measures you Judge 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 279 

proper to take. I have given orders to have the Troops at the 
IHnois instructed in scouting and wood Fighting, accompanied 
by the Most Spirited Indians of the Country and always to have 
the Troops in readiness; but shall proceed no farther till I hear 
from you, and have fixed every thing with You and if nothing 
but Chastizement will do, I think then of writing to M^: Steuart, 
to see what use can be made of the Cherokees and Chikesaws. 
I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir 

your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Thqs. Gage 
Sr; w^: Johnson Bar*: 


New York 7K 24'h 1771 

Genr'. Gages Letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 493, is listed a letter, dated September 
28th, from Rev. Wm Andrews, Schenectady, soliciting patronage of a 
grammar school which he has opened (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
4:466-67; Q. 4:290.) 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 494, is listed a letter of September 28th 
to Rev. Charles Inglis, discussing a memorial relative to conversion of 
Indians, showing why husbandmen and mechanics should be excluded 
from them and mentioning Dr Cooper's merits (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 4:465-66; Q, 4:289-90.) 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

280 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Teronto Sept. 29^K 1771 

Since I done Myself the Honour of Writing you Last, there 
is another trader hear M^ V Vightey. its no more than What 
I Expected and What will Affect Us Nothing. I am Certain 
by all Accounts there will be a Great trade hear In the Winter 
& Spring. Our fall trade is not Come in yet. the Ind"^ back 
keep a hunting Verry Late & when they Come home they rest 
themselves having three Days journey to Come hear. I had 
two of them With me Yesterday & they have All of them 
Assured me they would Look on the Old house. V. Vighty 
has not got a skin yet. I have got In Beaver, peltry, & small 
Furrs, I Compute about a hundred pounds Worth. I hear by 
the Ind"^ that M^ Keiuser has a Vast trade the Most of the 
Indians has Come In they say 1 3 packs I Expect his boat hear 
soon & I have no rum to spare, without a supply we will be 
Immencely hurted. but I am In hopes Campbell has Rec"^. Our 
Letter & that the Boat is on her Way. we want four times 
as much as we have & before July Next I dare say we would 
not have a Cag Left. On the whole [ ] 

Means to Attract more Indians hear two [ ] 

to the Lake above Us M^ Keiuser will stop that Gap Not One 
Comes this Way nor will not I am Certain to trade. 
I am with the Greatest Respect 
My Dear Sir W™. 
Your Most Obedient & 

Most Humble Serv^ 

Farrall Wade 
P. S. I would have sent the 
packs & Matts by this Opertunity, 
but the Men would not Carry them having 
a Load Ingaged at Niagara 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 281 



The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall 

Toronto 7K 29'h. 1771 

M'. Wades letter — 


Johnson hall Sept'. 29'^. 1771. 
Dear Sir, 

As my Son, & Son in Law Col. Johnson are Setting off in 
order to pass a few days at New York I thought it necessary 
that they should wait upon you with this Letter to acquaint you 
that I am Just preparing to go again into the Six Nation Country 
where I shall Conferr with the Chiefs \^ Settle the reception 
to he given to the Southern Deputys who are expected as you 
will find in the Inclosures that accompanied my Last] concern^ 
the Embassy from the Southward mentioned in my last and 
[/ shall] also take every other Step that shall appear necessary. 
On my return I shall have the pleasure of Writing you more 
fully, in the meantime [Col Johnson will inform you of any 
particular which] I beg Leave to referr you for further par- 
ticulars to Col. Johnson who will Likewise receive your Com- 
mands on any Subject you think necessary. — 

I am allways with True Regard 

— &ca 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson except the postscript which is in Sir William's hand. 

282 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Inclosed is the last Half years Acc^ of Sallarys & Disburse- 
ments in my Department, for w^. I shall be glad to have Your 
Warrant. — 

His Ex^y L^^ Gen^- Gage. 

A. L. S.i 

Boston 29, Sept 1771 

I should have answered the letter which you have done me the 
honor to write me the next post after the receipt of it, if I had 
not expected from the Commissioner an extract from Mr 
Kirtland's Journal to transmit to you. I gave your letter to the 
Lieut Governor who has been many years Treasurer & Secretary 
to the Board but there not having been a meeting since, some of 
the most active Members being absent, I have not yet been able 
to obtain it, I may not any longer omit acknowleging the receipt 
of your letter and thanking you for your very obliging Expres- 
sions of esteem and friendship. I have not been present at any 
late Meetings of the Commissioner's" and I knew no more of 
the Affair which occasioned my Letter to you than what 
appeared in the Vote which I included to you. I have not seen 
Mr Kirtland's Journal but from the account which the Lieut 
Governor gave me I am afraid the Commissioners were too 
sudden in their Vote and I suspect there is nothing more in the 
Journal than what Mr Kirtland received from the Indians. Had 
I known this in season I should have endeavored to have pre- 
vented the least notice being taken of it, for I have found so 
many of them to have a lurch to lying that I must have some 

^ In possession of Joseph F. Sabin, New York City. 
^ Commissioners of the Company for propagating the Gospel in New 

Posl'War Period, 1763-1774 283 

special reason for a favorable opinion of any particular Indian 
before I would give credit to him. 

As soon as I can obtain from the Board the Extract you 
desire I will forward it to you and write you further upon the 
subject. I am with very great regards and esteem. 

Sir Your most humble 

and obedient 

Tho Hutchinson 
Honi^'^ Sir William Johnson Bart. 

INDORSED: Boston 29''^ 1^'. \11\ 

Gov^ Hutchinsons letter 


A. L. S. 

N York Sepf. 30 1771 
S^ William 

A Package is in the Hands of M"^ White, concerning which 
the enclosed Letter will inform you further it is from Mr John 
Blackburn at London. 

I have discontinued writing to you since the rising of parlia- 
ment as there have not occurred incident material enough to give 
you the trouble of reading my Epistles. I fancy we shall shortly 
hear of new Arrangements in the Administration. 

Many folks think that new matter of Contest has arisen between 
the Court of Madrid and that of S' James, which will still 
terminate in War, a Conclusion I never lost sight of since the 
Arrival of the Sloop Favorite from Falkland Islands. 

I am 

Sir William 

Your most faithfull Serv'. 

Ja Rivington 

284 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Sunday Morning 10 a Clock at 
Forth Stanwix 
HoNRED Sir/ 

I Just Now arived here afther Being four Days in the wouds 
Reconitering the Lands and found them Verry good, so I will 
Be obliged to you to Speke to the Indians for the Lands aney 
thing as you Do I will Be Satisfyed with in getting the Lands 
I will give you a full Discreption of our Travel — and ware 
the Lands is good and Bad I have Taken a great Dele of 
Trubele to finde them out M^ Wall who is not Retorned yet 
has our Jurnel and Soune as he Comes here I will Send it to you 
By Express — the Indians as I Send this Letter By Met me with 
the Barls as you wrote for to M"" Wall I am obliged to You for 
the fish so I Remane with my Cinde Complem** to you and the 
Rest of the Jentelman with you and am Sir your Most Obedient 
humbele Serv'. 

Jelles Fonda 


To the Honerable 
Sir wi"" Johnson & 


M^ Fondas letter 
ab'. Lands — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Periol 1 763-1 774 285 


New york October /*'; 1771 
Dear Sir, 

I am to thank you for your Letter of the 19'*^: Ul™°: with 
M"": M'^: Kee's Report; which you will know by my last Letter, 
had been in part transmitted me from Fort-Pitt. The Trick 
played by the Chenussies by making use of the Name of the 
Six Nations, without their Knowledge or Authority has occasioned 
very great Confusion, and at the same time Serves to shew us 
how ready the Western Nations are for Mischief. They may 
be the more encouraged to it from the vicinity of the French at 
the Ilinois; indeed it appears so from what they alledge con- 
cerning the Forts building to protect them, which you know was 
an old Piece of Policy amongst the Canadians; but I hope the 
Spanish Governor will understand that it is our Mutual Interest 
to prevent the Indians from disturbing each other, and that he 
will not be drawn into such a Scheme. The French Traders 
are thick upon the ouabache, and it is Natural to suspect that they 
instigate the Indians against us to keep the Trade to them- 
selves, and besides I am informed, that the Settlement formed 
by the vagabond French at Post Vincent,^ increases so much, 
as to require them to be kept under some Government, or to be 

The Complaints of the great Quantity of Rum carried 
amongst the Nations certainly deserve Attention, but how to 
prevent it effectualy is the Difficulty. When Rum was entirely 
forbidden they made it an Article of Grievance, and to permit 
only a certain Quantity to be carried by the Traders, is no easy 
Thing to manage. I still hear that Commissioners are to meet 
from the Provinces concerned in the Indian Trade, if they do, 
you may be certain I shall do my utmost to get this Complaint 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 
^ Now Vincennes, Ind. 

286 Sir William Johnson Papers 

redressed; and as I go in a few Days to Philadelphia shall talk 
seriously upon it to M"": Hamilton, who for the present Presides 
in Pensylvania. But after all, you know too well how little 
Regard is paid to Laws after they are made; and I am certain 
no Laws will have Force in the Indian Country, unless the 
Commanders of the Forts have Power to Seize Delinquents, and 
do immediate Justice to the Indians. 

M"": Crogan has no Doubt a perfect Acquaintance with 
Indians, and has been usefull on many Occasions, and I am 
sorry he is discontented, but it is absolutely out of my Power 
to allow him his Expences, which on most occasions are pretty 
considerable and indeed since he went to reside in the Neighbour- 
hood of Fort-Pitt, the Expences of that Garrison have swelled 
so much beyond those of other Posts, that I have been at a Loss 
to discharge them. He is generous, gives all he has, and whilst 
he has any thing to give, the Indians will flock about him. 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 
Sr. '\yM. Johnson 

INDORSED:' Octb^ 1^'. 1771 — 

Genrl Gages letter 

A. L. S. 

[Baskootayan Oct'. 3 1771] 

[ ] 

This will Inform that we are Safe Arrived in the Missasugus 
Country and well Received by the Inhabitents &c there is 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 287 

Presiding hear two french Traders who Seame if to be Bleived 
would Act up to our Sentiments in Trade whether or no (the 
Indians has Giveing us there word in this part of the Country 
the Chiefs of this place has Express*^, themselves in the most 
Dutyfullest manner towards Your honour* Reputation Request- 
ing me to Aqquant Your honour that there Intentions was to 
Serve Your honour and Likewise to pay a Regard to the British 
Crown) the Chief mans name is Koto he has two Leu'*, under 
him they were mentioning to me that they would be Very proud 
if they Could have a Lace hat and a Laced Coat apeice they 
Seem*^. to be Very fond of Scarlet the french has a Great many 
Droll dresses for them this place with the Inhabitents it Contains 
and the other Creek CalH. BeemaSkooDiaun is about Sufficiant 
for us three Traders, that is to Say the french that is now here 
and us To ConClude with my and my Brothers Sincere 
Respects Remain Your honours most humb'*. 


John Johnston 

To the Hon'^. SiR WiLL". JOHNSON Bar*. 

P. S. Sir Please to Excuse hast by Reasons 
of a Troublesome Company 


The Honourable Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

At Johnson Hall 


There is listed in the Johnson Calendar, p. 494, under date of October 
5, 1771 General Gage's warrant sent from New York City to Abraham 
Mortier for paying £4264, 1 Od to Sir William Johnson. Destroyed by 

288 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5.1 

Guy Park, Oct 6. [1771]' 
Dear Sir/ 

The Bearer has been with me & has Spoken on a Belt & 
Strings about Some Ammunit". & some other Articles, As I don't 
understand him, & as I hear Col Butler is Not at home I should 
be glad you would talk with him, & Let him have a few Articles 
as far as is reasonable Letting Me know what he Says on the 

I am 

With Esteem 

Your very humble Serv'. 

G. Johnson 
I am Laid up with 
a Swelling in the foot 

You can tell him that the 

Shops are mostly out of Goods 

at this Time, till they get a Supply 

from York, but I fancy Ammunition is his principal want. 

Let me know the purport 

of the belt he has Left with me, 


Guy Park Oct 
6'*^ in relation to 
ammunition &c 

P. R.^ 
Col°. Johnsons 

1 In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

2 See letter from Guy Johnson to Sir William Johnson, Nov. 28, 1 771 . 
^ Possibly the signature of Peter Ryckman to whom the letter may have 

been written. 










Post-War Period, 1763-1774 289 


New York October 8^K 1771. 

General Gage's Compliments to Sir William Johnson Bart; 
and begs the favor of him to forward the Inclosed Letters, for 
Niagara Detroit, and Missilimakinac ; by the first good Oppor- 
tunity that Offers. And as it is Necessary for the good of His 
Majesty's Service, that they should reach the Posts, very early 
in the Spring, if no Opportunity offers Timely enough. Sir 
William Johnson will be pleased to forward them by Express. 


New London Oct''. 9'\ 1771 
Dear Sir 

I am this moment Returned from New York where I have 
been in order to get Something done in my affairs. Finding as 
I wrote you that [so] me of my Creditors would not Come into the 
[p]lan I proposed of a Letter of Lycence and that others 
believing I had some friends who would not let me go to Goal 
were pressing me Even to Severity — I Brought a Petition to 
our [Gene]ral Assembly and got all my Creditors here except 
one or two to give their Consent that it should be Granted, as 
Soon as this was done I Set out for our friend M^ Robinsons 
and by his M^ M^Evers, M^ Apthorps but above all M^ 
Bayards kindness, I have got all my Creditors Except three or 
four in New York to give from under their hands that they 
Consent and desire the Petition may be Granted which is that 
upon Assigning whatever I have (if anything) to trustees for 
my Creditors my Person may be Liberated & Freed from 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass, 

290 Sir William Johnson Papers 

arrests on Acco* of my Present Debts — those Very Persons 
who made the greatest objection to a Letter of Lycence have 
been so good as to Come into this method which is a thousand 
times better for me. I am told by Very able Council that such 
an Act would Barr any Action that Could be Brot against me 
in New York but I Chose to be entirely Free & Safe and flater 
myself I shall in a few days Procure the Consent of the three 
or four who Stood out there — [ ] sure of the few who 

did not agree before I w[ ] New York and as the matter 

Comes on next Tuesday at New Haven I hope in a Very few 
days after to be free and shall as soon as Possible Set out for 
the Hall (where I have a thousand times wished my Self) in 
order to pay my Respects to you and wish to Heaven it may 
be in my Power to Leave this place this Fall 
I am with great truth and Duty 
Dr Sr 

Your most Obed' 

Most Hble Serv* 

Jos Chew 

Mrs Chew and Little Fann 
desire me to give their best Respects 
we all most Fervantly Pray for 
your Health & Happiness — 

The Hon^i*' Sir W^. Johnson Bar^ 



The Hon^l'= 

Sir William Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 291 


Schoharry October 12 1771 
Much Honoured Sir 

I have Sent you here my paper messenger to Let you know that 
as we heard by Capt george man that you was Very well satis- 
fyed that mr Stanburrough Should Divide the patents belonging 
to us Lying on both sides of schoharry River these are to Let 
you know that it was not by, nor from other peoples words that 
we have made Choice of him for I have employed him to do 
business for me and by his performances and what Discourse I 
have had with him I suppose him to be a man Capable of the 
business that he professeth and mr Timmer and myself have 
made Choice of him if it be agreeable he sayeth that he is 
familiarly acquainted with mr Picken so that your honour may 
if Conveniet enquire his Character of mr picken or Discourse him 
personally as I do intend to send him to your honour in order to 
get Directions in what manner to proceed upon the Survey if 
agreeable as Soon as I can have intelligence of your arrival at 
Johnson hall he hath an Instrument made by mr miller of Eliza- 
beth town with a minute hand in order to allow the vareation 
which in my opinion is very Necessary as our patents are bounded 
Chiefly by patents of an older Date than ours mr Smith by his 
Letters Desireth it being done very Soon if it be agreeable there 
Can be a part Done this Season unless the snow Cometh sooner 
than usual So I Conclude Your most obedient 

JoHAN^ Lawyer 

To the right Honourable 
Sir William Johnston 

^ In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

292 Sir William Johnson Papers 


ScohareOctb^ 12'^ 1771 

L*. Co'. Lawyers letter 


A. L. S. 

Philadelphia Octo^. 14^^ JJJJ 

[ ] 

I had the Honor the day before Yesterday to wait on Gen' 
Gage who desired me to take the Liberty of writeing to you on 
the Subject of M"" Croghans Resignation. He told me he had 
received a Letter from you acquainting him that M"^ Croghan 
had desired to resign his Office under you, and that the Gen' 
himself had received a Letter from M"^ Croghan requesting the 
same favor — When I had the Honor of seeing you last I thought 
I stood tolerably well in your Opinion & had some prospect if 
Mr Croghan declined serveing to succeed him. I hope Sir there 
has not been any transaction of mine since that time, that has 
alterd your sentiments of me — My Abilities for executeing that 
Office most certainly at present are by no means equall to Mr 
Croghan's, but Sir give me leave to assure you if you take me 
by the Hand, I will spare neither time or trouble to make my self 
acquainted with the duties of the Office, so that I may execute 
it with Reputation to myself, and if possible reflect Honor on 
my Patron — If you think it requisite to have a Letter from Gen' 
Gage on the Subject I am confident from what he said to me I 
can with ease obtain it, as he assured me of his good inclination 
towards me not only in the present affair but in any other that 
was in his power — If there is Security to be given for the just 
execution of the trust I can get unexceptionable for whatever 
Sum you judge sufficient, without any sort of difficulty — If Sir 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 293 

you determine in my favor, I should be glad to know you think 
it [best] for me to wait on you at Johnson Hall — I hope Sir 
I may [have] the Honor of a Letter from you, when you are at 
leisure which will be an additional Obligation to the many I have 
received & which shall always be gratefully remember [ed] & 
acknoldg'd by him who has the Honor to be with the utmost 

Sir Your most ObHged, 
And Most Humble Servant 

TuRBUTT Francis 

P. S. If you desire to have a Letter from Gen^ Gage in my 
favor on the present Occation I will do myself the Honor o£ 
paying my Respects to you at Johnson Hall as soon as I possibly 
can. Or if a Letter from the Governor of this province would 
answer any purpose I am confident I can obtain it. 

T. F. 

To the Hon'. 

S^ William Johnson Bar*. 


October 14"^ 1771 — 

M^ Turbut Franci's letter. 

L. S. 

[Philadelphia Ocf. I4^K 1771] 
I ] 

[ ] take up my pen to embrace that [ ] 

show'd long since have done my Self the honour of Writing to 
you, had I not been frequently disappointed by the Managers 
of the China Factory in the receiving a breakfast Set a China 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

294 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of the Manufactory of this City (Which I beg leave to Present 
You for the use of the Hall,) as I flatter my Self it is the very 
best of the Kind they have yet exhibited. 

I have applied at Several Stores for a Set of Decanters and 
Glasses, The Manufactory of Lancaster County in this province, 
but to my great disappointment Could not obtain them — as I 
am Senceable it would afford you a Peculiar Satisfaction in 
observing the progress made in the China and Glass Manu- 
factories, the demand for them is So Great, that the proprietors 
of the Manufactories are not able to Supply the orders from the 
different Colonies 

I have the Pleasure to acquaint You that my Father has lately 
reced a letter from my brother Samuel Wharton, wherein he 
assures him, he has very Near Compleated his business respecting 
the obtaining a Charter for Lands on the Ohio, by which we 
flatter our Selves it must by this time be determin'd and a 
Governor appointed; M'^ Robert Hoop[e]r has been Over the 
Tract Since the first of May: and by the account he gives of it. 
The Climate is much like This and the Lands is Extreamly good 
by which I trust the Proprietors will not be at a loss for imediate 

It wou'd afford me (Sir) peculiar Pleasure in Negociating 
any Commands You woud be pleased to Honour me, or any 
of Your Friends. 

Please to Present my Compliments to Sir John 

I remain S^ your most 

Obedient Humble Servant 

Carpenter Wharton, 


Sir William Johnston 
Johnston Hall 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 295 


M"". Carpenter Whartons 

Novb^ 1771 — 
Ans^d. D°. Month 
& wrote for a Rifle — 


A. L. 5. 

New York 15^h Octr 1771 
Sir William 

I was favour'd with your letter of 28''^ past a few days ago 
by Sir John Johnson, and take the first Opportunity to acknowl- 
edge the receipt thereof, and to here inclose You the Generals 
Warrant for £ 4264 . . . .10 Currency in Your favor together 
with a Sett of Receipts, as usual for your Signature. I am very 
sensible Sir of your punctuality in returning me my Vouchers 
without delay for which I am Oblig'd to you. 

I hope to be Able to Comply with your desire in Advancing 
to Your Son Sir John (before his return homewards) the whole 
amount of your Demand, as I have given the Contractors Agents 
notice thereof, & that I expect to be enabled so to do. 

Sir John has been so polite with Cap' Johnson to pay me a 
Visit at my house on the Hill. 

I remain with great Regard & Esteem 
Sir Your most Obedient and 

most Humble Servant 

A« Mortier 
Sir William Johnson Barr' 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

296 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Octb^ 15^ 1771 — 

Abr"" Mortier Esq", letter 
^th ye >X^ar'. & Receipts to Sign 
Ans^d. 8^^ 24*^ and 
Returned y^. Recp'*. &c 


A. L. S. 

[New Haven Octr. H^K 1771] 
Dear Sir 

I am now here attenting the Genl Assembly on the matter of 
my Petition which was Passed yesterday and a Committee 
appointed to make the Report which Cannot be done untill the 
week after next as I am Oblidged to Send a Notifycation to the 
only Creditors that Stand out two at Boston and one or two in 
N. York, the latter I am now gitting done the Formar I did 
yesterday so that I hope to get this Business intirely Finished 
this [sessijon as Soon as it is done I will Pay my Respects to 
you and hope I may at Last be able to Leave this Colony 

When I was at New York I was no where but at M"^ Apthorps 
M' Bayards & M'' M<^Evers I Left it a day or two before S"" 
John & Col° Johnson gat there w*=^. I was Extreemly sorry for as 
I should have been greatly Rejoyced to have seen them and 
heard from you. I hope your health has been much better this 
Summer then usual and that it may be Perfectly Restored is the 
Fervent Constant & Earnest Prayer of 

Your most Dutifull & 

Very Obedt Serv*. 

Jos Chew 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-/774 297 

When I Left N London 

M""^ Chew and the Children 

were Pretty well She is 

as desireous of Leaving it as I am 

The Hon'''^ Sir W" Johnson Bar^ 



The Hon^'^ 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 
Johnson Hall 

New Haven 8K 17^ 1771 

Cap'. Chews Letter 
Ans'f'^. — 

A. L. S.2 

Schoharry October 19 1771 . 
Much Honoured Sir 

I have Sent you here my paper messenger to Let you know 
that as we heard by Capt. george man that you was Very well 
satisfyed that mr Stanburrough Should Divide the patents blong- 
ing to us Lying on both sides of schoharry River these are to 
Let you know that it was not by, nor from other peoples words 
that we have made Choice of him for I have employed him to 
do business for me and by his performances and what Discourse 
I have had with him I suppose him to be a man Capable of the 
business that he professeth and mr Zimmer and myself have 
made Choice of him if it be agreeable he sayeth that he is 
familiarly acquainted with mr Picken so that your honour may 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

' In collection of Edward J. Abbott, Fonda, N. Y. 

298 Sir William Johnson Papers 

if Conveniet enquire his Character of mr picken or Discourse him 
personally as I do intend to send him to your honour in order to 
get Directions in what manner to proceed upon the survey if 
agreeable as soon as I can have intelligence of your arrival at 
Johnson hall he hath an Instrument made by mr miller of 
Elizabeth town with a minute hand in order to allow the variation 
which in my opinion is very Necessary as out patents are bounded 
Chiefly by patents of an older Date than ours mr smith by his 
Letters Desireth it being done very soon if it be agreeable there 
Can be a part Done this season unless the snow Cometh sooner 
than usual So I Conclude Your most obedient 

JoHAN^ Lawyer 
To the right Honourable SiR WILLIAM JOHNSTON 

INDORSED: Scohare Octb^ 12'^^.' 1771 
L*. Col. Lawyers letter 


A^eu; York Octo'-. 22, 1 77 1 

The Honble SiR W". JOHNSON 


I have Rec'^. yours in Answer to mine of the 21**. of May 
wherein you say that you Cannot take the Gore of Land Drawn 
by me and my Associates in the Tract of Land which lais 
Adjoyning to your Royal Grant, the Reason you assignd is 
that you have Erected Monuments to Ascertain the Bounds 
thereof at a great Expence, but this Cannot Effect the property 
thereof, as this Division or Partition Deed, will be on Record, 
with the field Book to which Reference always Can be had in 
Regard to the Gore of Land Adjoyning your premises, and 
Whereas at the Time of Drawing for the Lands in this patent 

^ In the date at the head of the letter in the manuscript 19 is placed 
over 12. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 299 

There was a Letter produced by M"^ Van Eps from you 
Signefying that you would Exchange any Lott of Equal Value 
which you should Draw with any Person to whose Lott it Should 
fall to draw the Said Gore, it was Agreed by all Concerned to 
proceed to Draw in Consequence of your Letter, & when it was 
Drawn it fell to me and my Associates, which Occasioned my 
Writing to Sir W™. about it, but Imagine your Honour Would 
not have Refused Exchanging a Lott of Equal Value with me 
had you Recollected writing the Above Letter, & without 
which we Should not have proceded to Drawing, this Coll". 
Glen Assured me also was the Case, Now if this is not done in 
Some way or Other we Cannot Come to a Division & in Course 
all the Expence we have been at lost, and as we are all Mortall, 
& some one or other dying Intestate, may prevent a Division 
unless done by Act of Assembly, which will be attended with 
a Considerable Expence [ ] already been Expended 

And as I Imagine your [Honour] from the above Representa- 
tion of Facts [will] be fully Convinced of the Truth of my 
[ ] you will be pleased to Send Down & Lett me 

Know which half Lott you will Exchange for the Said Gore 
and as the Lotts N° 44 & 8 is adjoy[ning] one of mine I will 
take Either of them in Exchange & will Order it to be Inserted 
in the partition Deed, [ ] Cannot be Finished untill 

this Affair is Settled, your Kind Answer will Greatly ObHdge 
your Hb'. Serv'. 

DiRCK Brinckerhoff 



The Hon'. Sir William Johnson Baronet 
at his Seat 
Johnson Hall 

p*^ favour of 

Sir John Johnson 


300 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Octb^ 22^. 1771 

M^ Brinkerhoofs letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 494, is entered a letter of October 23d 
from Rev. Charles Inglis, New York, acknowledging a courtesy, accepting 
suggestions for the memorial to be sent to England, reciting arguments 
introduced at Col. Johnson's direction and mentioning Gov. Tryon, Lord 
Hillsboro', the Bishop of Oxford (Lowth), Dr Cooper, Sir John and 
Col. Johnson, and Kirtland. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:467-69; 
Q, 4:291-92.) 


New York 25 Octo\ 1771 

I hope this will find you safe & well returned from your Indian 
Jaunt. We have had the pleasure of a short Visitt from Sir 
John and Cob. Johnson. I wish it had suited Sir John to have 
staid the Winter with us, but he has promised positively he will 
come & spend next Winter with us — We have talked over the 
Affair of the New County,^ & I have no doubt it will be done 
this Session — I realy think the Mowhack Branch of Dela- 
ware — Scohary Creek, the Bounds of Duanes Borough & 
Schenactady, & so to the Pattent of Northhampton & up the 
N°. E. Bra[n]ch of Hudsons River to the Northward will be 
a good Boundary, lett me know your Oppinion of this Plan 

Sir John thinks it would be much for Your Health if you 
came down here. I have no doubt it would be of Advantage to 
have the Oppinions of the Doctors here, & free you from the 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Tryon county. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 301 

Hurry & Business you are always engaged in at Home — I have 
a Couple of good Snugg Rooms next door to me, in my House 
I use as a Store, that are as retired as you please, & shall be 
fitted up to your Mind — there you can be as quiet as you 
please — see only what Company you will, & when you will, & 
my House will always be open for you to [ ] you 

would think of this Matter, if not this then next Spring — We 
are much obliged to Sir John & the Colonell for the present 
Visitt, nothing but your Company could please us more. I beg 
youll believe that it will always be a pleasure to us to see you 
or any one of your family — for we are not ungratefull People, 
& cannot forget your Kindness. — 

I fancy our Assembly wont meet untill after Christmas — 
there is little for them to do. You will hear all the News we 
have here by Sir John — I shall buy you a Couple of Servants 
if any good ones to be got here — I shall go in 1 or 12 days 
to Philad^. perhaps I may purchase them there for you — I have 
sent the Boundarys of the 2000 A. Land in Service's Pattent, 
you were so kind as to promise me — I hope this Boundary will 
be agreable to you — its the only way in which I can Joyn it 
to my Land — when you are at Leisure you'll please get a 
Deed drawn & perfected, & sent me — When you send the 
bounds of the 1 000 Acres of Land on Adigo Creek, it shall be 
perfected and sent you. 

M'■^ Wallace desires her best respects & I hope soon to hear 
of your return & Health. 

I am D*" Sir sincerely 

Your obliged & Obed' Servant 

Hugh Wallace 
wrote in much haste. 

Sir William Johnson Bar* 



Sir William Johnson Bar', 
at Johnson Hall 
^ fav^ of Sir John Johnson 

302 Sir William Johnson Papers 


8K25'K 1771 — 

M^ Wallaces letter 
^ Sir John 


Albany the ZS^K October 1771 
Saturday afternoon 2 o'clock, 

Hon'' Sir, 

I received Sir Williams letter this moment of the 24*^. 
Instant — all that I am Possessed of relative to the Charge or 
Complaint ag*. the Gent mentioned is a ruff Draft of an affidavit 
taken before me as one of the Commissioners for taking affidavits 
to be made use of in the Supreme Court. But as the complainant 
was reexamined — and also resworn before the Governor — 
there may be considerable alterations & amendments in the second 
for ought I know & therefore probably a copy of my ruff draft 
would not answer S^ Williams Purpose — I would however 
send it by this oppertunity was it possible to be done in Short 
a time but a day would not finish it — S^ WilHam will please 
to let me know whether he Chuses it so & if it will be of any use 
to him 

I am Your most obedient & very 

humble servant 

P. Silvester 
NB. Simpson or his wife has all the papers 
as they were received at New York 

In Johnson's hand. 


From a painting in the courthouse, Catskill, N. Y. 

Courtesy of trustees of Emory A. Chase Memorial 

Library, Catskill, N. Y. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 303 


The Hon'"'^. Sir William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 


Alby. Octb^ 26*^ 1771 

M^ Silvesters letter 


A. L. 5.2 
Chlrrey Valley 26^^ Octbr 1771 


Yours of the 21 Instant I Reed: whierin you ^me on the 
Repeated Complents made Concerning the Badness of the Roads 
Leading to Chirrey Valley Spring field and the Lake which 
Complents are verey Just they are part of them Bad but not the 
Part that Belongs to us we are glade to Let you know how this 
Road his Been Laid out and Properly divided by our Commis- 
sioners in to four Parts Colonel Freys^ Peopell living on his 
Lands had theire Part Laid out Nixt to the mohak River and 
the People Living on Bomans Creek had thiere part S^vet and 
then Spring field and then our part and then we all worked 
Everey one on theire own part and was verey well Conte'd with 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

^ Word omitted in the manuscript. 

* Lieutenant Colonel Hendrick Frey, of Daniel Claus' regiment. See 
Third Report of the State Historian of New York, p. 888. For informa- 
tion regarding his Loyalist record in the Revolution see Public Papers 
of George Clinton, 11:229, 285, 287, 330-31. 742-43; also Minutes 
of Commissioners for Detecting and Defeating Conspiracies. 

304 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Divison that was made by the Commissioners and for thes 
two Last years the Inhabitance of Spring field has don nothing 
on the Part which Belongs to them and know we will Leave 
it to Sir William to Judge if we have aright to go and make that 
Road that was Laid out for Spring field and them do nothing 
we think it is verey hard if the Road that was properly Divided 
Equely according to the number of hands Each of us had to 
work on said Road this nothing but the truth Concerning the 
Badness of that part of the Road which doth not Belong to 
us not withstanding the Complents are all against us which the 
Bearer Capt Scott Cane Inform Sir William how we are 
Imposed on in this afaire and Rests with Complement to you 
and all your good famely and am Sir your ashured frend and 
very humbel Servant 

John Wells 


The Honerable Sir 
Willeam Johnson Barnt at 
Johnson Hall 

INDORSED:' Cherry Valley 26*^. &^'. 1771 
Major Welles letter 
concerng. y« Road 

A. L. S. 

Teronto October 28"'. I77I 

My Dear Sir W«. 

Since I done myself the Honour of Writing You Last, M^ 
Keiuser has been hear having traded of all his Rum, powder. 
Bullets, Shott, Guns & part of his Dry Goods, he set off Again 
about ten days Ago Verry 111 I pitied him much, the Last words 
he said to me were that as he saw we were Disapointed by our 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 305 

Correspondents he would perish or try to get as much as would 
pay off Our Debts In the Spring, he brought 1 400 '^ of prime 
Leather which is Good trade in a few days had he Goods he 
could have traded much more I have given him Everry Instruc- 
tion I could devise for his Government. — 

Now Sir, I will show you in the best Manner I am able, what 

we have suffered by Mess". Campbell & Funda, Disapointing us 

off the Goods we wrote for. After M^ Keiuser went the first 

time, my rum began to be Low. I still Expected the Boat from 

Campbell but the season seting in I wrote to Niagara for a battoe 

of rum, which was Imeadiately sent me. if it Was not for that 

I Could not have fited M^ Keiuser Out, and Our trade was 

knocked In the head, so that After all our fatigue, trouble & 

Vexations we must [have] packed up our Goods & Look on 

them, without the Articles we wrote for to make an Assortment 

we could not trade. I now have not a pound of powder in the 

house, or bullets, am Oblidged to send the boat this Day to 

Niagara for them and several Other Articles, we are [in] 

Imeadiate want off. this is Attended with great trouble Risk 

Expence & Loss to Us but there is no help for it. I Cant help 

thinking My D^ Sir but that we are most Cruelly Used. M^ 

Campbell has never Deigned to write Us a Line in Answer to 

the Many Letters we wrote him, which as a Merchant (if 

nothing Else) he should have done, to Let us know whether 

Or not he Chused to Supply Us, then we should know how to 

Act but we are kept in Expectation, at the Last push we are 

put to Immense Difficultys, to meet with so Many Obstacles 

when we have such a prospect before Us all most breaks my 

heart. I could Allmost wish there was an End of me. I am at 

a Loss for there reason In Acting so. Consider Sir, we had 

not a farthing Capital, for the first year I think we made Verry 

Good Remittances, and I am allmost sure there will be three 

times as Much trade hear this year as there was Last I plainly 

see it now. I have now Got In the house 2 1 00 "^ of fine Leather 

1 pack of Beaver & 1 pack of Otters & small furrs above 50 

306 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Others, and no way to send them down, if Campbell had sent 
Us the Battoe of rum with the Other few Articles we should 
[have] sent them a Loaded boat Down which I think would 
[be a] Very Good Remittance. The Indians in this quarter 
is just Come In from hunting our trade is Only just begun 
V. Vightey is hear and has not got 1 2'^ of Leather or any Other 
thing since he has been on the Ground, w*^^ is 5 Weeks, I Assure 
you Sir, I have taken Great pains to Gain the friendship of the 
back Indians, as to the Lake Indians we dont mind there trade its 
but Indifferent, be it as it wall I will Use poor Keiusers Words. 
I will Lose my Life or trade of the Goods to Advantage. I 
thank God we have Enough to Convince our friends we were 
not Extravagant or Idle. I Assure you sir, the people below 
has no Idea of the trade of this place, there is not a trader 
settled on the Lake Affects us Except V. Vightey. I dont 
believe that will for it will Draw more Indians hear, & I dare 
say all the trade from the french. My Compliments to Sir John, 
& the Family wishing you a pleasant Winter 

I am 
With the Greatest Respect 
My Dear Sir WilHam 

Your Most Oblidged & Most 

Obedient servant 

Ferrall Wade 

P. S. If you honour me 

With a Line Lieu'- Poyntin 

would take Care to forward 

it to me. he and Another Officer 

paid me a Visit a few days Ago. 

they came to Fish & Hunt 

Carried 3 or 4 Barrels of 

Salmon, Venisson, Turkeys, Ducks & Geese plenty 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 307 


8br. 28'h. 1771 

M--. Ferrall Wades 
Letter — 


4. .6 









Albany 30th October 1771. 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Bo', of John Stevenson 

2 Strong Desk Locks at 2/3 

2 Locks for the front or prospect Doors . . . 1 /6 

2 pair of small Butt Hinges 9"^ 

1 Dozen Brass Hinges 


M". Stevensons Respects to Sir William Johnson and acquaints 
him that She Rec"^. his Letter to M"" Stevenson, who is at New 
York and she now sends agreeable to his desire the Articles he 
wants as above and hopes they will please 


M'. Stevensons Ace*, 
for Desk furniture — 
8br. 1771 — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 495, is listed a letter written at 
Schenectady, November 5, 1771, from Rev. William Andrews, 
Schenectady, N. Y., saying that he has changed his grammar school to 
an academy, and the £40 paid him by the society and the £40 added 
by the mission are insufficient; offering to preach at times in Johnson's 
church, (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:470-71 ; Q, 4:292-93.) 

* In Johnson's hand, 

308 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall Nov 6"". 1771 — 

I am favored with your Letter of the 1 4*^. Ult°. on the Subject 
of M^ Croghans resignation. It is true that he has Expressed 
a desire to resign for some time past, but as I have as yet no 
reason to think that Affairs in that Quarter are so Established 
as to afford a permanent prospect of TranquilHty I have still 
thought it best that he should Continue in Office from his Long 
acquaintance with the Indian Affairs about the Ohio. — Upon a 
Similar application formerly, founded on an Opinion that M^ 
Croghan had purposed to resign, you may recollect, how favor- 
ably I Expressed myself of you, and I do Assure you I continue 
in the same Sentiments. — The Motives for Continuing M^ 
Croghan still Subsist, and under such Circumstances appear in 
my opinion well founded without derogating either from your 
Merit or Capacity of which I think very favorably, and I make 
no doubt that your endeavors to acquit yourself in that Station, 
would prove greatly to my Satisfaction. So that I regret it is 
not in my power at present to give you a more particular answer, 
that might demonstrate the Continuance of my Esteem which 
you have been long possessed of, and which would render any 
recommendation in your favor unnecessary for whenever It is in 
my power, I shall be glad [to] shew you how much I am 


Your hearty Well wisher 

& very humble Servant 
TuRBUTT Francis Esq'. 


Nov^ 6*^ 177L— 

To Turbutt Francis Esqr 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 309 


Johnson hall Nov'. 6"'. 1771. 

I have rec^. your Letter of the 22*^. October concerning the 
Gore of Land, for which you are desirous I should Exchange a 
half Lot, which you say I signified I would do to M"^. Van Epps 
at the time of drawing for the Lands in that Patent. It may 
have been that I wrote to that Effect, which has afterwards 
escaped my Memory thro' the Variety & hurry of my business, 
for I do assure [you] I do not recollect my Writing any such 
thing to M''. Van Epps, tho' upon your declaration, and for the 
reasons you Assign, however Inconvenient, I shall agree to your 
desire, and shall Give you my half of either Lot 70, 72 or 85, 
in Exchange, the first of which Adjoyns one of yours. You 
will therefore please to Let me know which of them you pitch 
upon and Settle the partition accordingly, 

I am Sir 

DiRCK Brinckerhoff. 


Nov^ [6^ 1771] 

To M'. Dirck Brinkerhoff 
concerning the Exchange of a Lot 
in Vromans Patent. — 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson, 

310 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall Nov\ 6'\ 177L 

At my return from a Tour amongst the Ind*. I was favored 
with your Letter of 27'^. Sept^ & am much ObHged to you for 
the care you have taken of the Articles that came for me in the 
Hope, which I have received. My Son & Coll°. Johnson, who 
are lately returned from New York return you thanks for all 
your Civilities to them & desire their best Compliments to you 
& M""*. White, and, I am with much Esteem 

Sir &c 
Hon'''*= Henry White Esq^ 


Nov'. 6»h. 1771 — 

To the Hon^le. 
Henry White Esq^ 


Johnson hall NoV. 6^^ 1771 — 
Dear Sir 

My Son & Coll Johnson arrived here after a Short passage 
a Week ago, & Delivered me your Friendly Letter, which I had 
not leisure to answer till this time. — The particular marks of 
friendship & Civilities which they have recounted to me to have 
received from You and M'^^ Wallace, demand my most kind 
Acknowledgments, which I beg you will Accept of & present to 
M""*. Wallace for whom I have a very high esteem. I am also 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 311 

to thank you most kindly for your Offers of Service concerning 
the New County & its Capital and I highly approve of the pro- 
posal you Communicated to Coll Johnson for Continuing the 
boundary so as not to Affect any Claims of Albany or Ulster 
Countys. — he likew^ise delivered me the Map M'hich you sent to 
enable me to Make the Conveyance of the 2000 acres to you, 
which I purpose to transmit you Executed by next Post If I 
can possibly get it perfected within that time. 

I have at present a good deal of Company about me so that 
It is not in my power to be very particular on every occurring 
Subject. — I must however beg the favor of you to receive a 
ballance due to me by M^ Mortier which ballance I shall be 
glad you will keep for me until some safe opportunity offers for 
sending it up. 

I wrote him also ab*. L^. Ilchesters Debt £ 226, desireing him 
to let me know in w*. manner I can Secure y*. Sum, & where he 
was to have his land, & desired him to apply to Banyar^ 

The Hoiible 

Hugh Wallace Esq^ 


Nov^ 6^ 1771 

To the hofible HUGH WALLACE 

A. L. S. 

Albany November 6^^. 1771 
Honoured Sir/ 

This Day I received your favour Of the 5^^. Ult°. in which 
You are pleased to inform Me that the Indians have Left the 
fixing the price of Their Land to You alone. Which is very 

^ This last paragraph is in Johnson's hand. 

312 Sir William Johnson Papers 

agreable to Me, And make no doubt, but that in settling of the 
Affair between us. You will do us all Equal justice. — Since I 
came from New York, being four or 5 Weeks ago, I have been 
so sick that I kept my bed most part of the time. But now am 
geting better, and hope in a short time, to be Able to go up to 
the Hall, where I can better then now express them Gentlemens 
intentions Relative to the purchase of The several tracts of Land 
Contained in their Petitions, Which I hope will be settled Agre- 
able to such of them. As are inclined to Settle on the same tierms 
that I Agreed With M"" Funda, being the way Which was 
Approved of By You, And thought to be Equitable and right 
By Honoured Sir 

Your Most Obliged 

and very Humble Servant 

EBEN^ Jessup 
Sir William Johnson 

Alby. Novb'-6^ 1771 

M'. Ebenezer Jessop[s] letter 

A. L. 5.2 

Croghans Forest 6''' November 1771 
Dear Sir 

I have the honor of inclosing you James's indentures he has 
engaged with me that if in The Spring I had any Small job, he 
would come & do it, however that is, if it Should not interfear 
with any Works of yours, at that time. 

for want of an Almanack last thursday I Sett out for the Hall, 
thinking that it was the h* Thursday of Novem^ but meeting 
with Some letters on the road, obliged me to return, and now am 
obliged to Stay at homme to See a number of necessary things 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 313 

donne before the hard waither comes in; having been obhged to 
buy Some Catle, it obliges me again to aply to you for a Httle 
pecuniary Assistance 

be assured Sir, that I would not have the assurance of aplying 
to you did I knovv^ where else to aply but at the Same time, be 
assured that it Shall be the last time, & the loane but for a little 
term, as I am debard the priviledge of drawing, till Such a time 
as my apointment has finaly taken place, otherwise, could com- 
mand as much as my necessitys require at present was that Setled, 
having Some Yl V^Y coming to me 

Inclosed I take the Liberty to request your perusall of my 
Father in Law's^ Letter I have you will See Some little expecta- 
tions to enable me to refund what I owe, the time limited is near, 
when if disapointed I will Sell at any Rate the two tracts I 
mentioned to you Some time ago, would wish they would Suit 
you, allowing me only what ever you Shall just think reasonable, 
even under what I mention"^ to you at the Hall, shall I request 
the honor of an Answer on that head. 

M" Prevost presents her Respects to you, the Children are 
getting the better of their Cough, I beg leave to offer my Com- 
pliments to my fellow travellers in particular M"" Dease hope he 
has got the better of his bruises & muskito byts. 

I am with the liveliest Sence of Gratitude & the most profound 


Your most Obed' & 
most Humble Servant 

Aug: Prevost 
The Honor*: 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

please to return M^ Croghan's Letter 

my wants are ab^ £40 the bearer James I can trust if you 

keep his discharge 

^ In 1 765 Susannah Croghan, only white child of George Croghan, 
deputy superintendent of Indian affairs, married Lieutenant Augustine 

314 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Major Provosts letter 
Novb^ 6'h. 1771 — 
for £40 — 

A. L. S. 

Johnstown Nov 10^^ 1771 

I proposed doeing myself the honor of waiting on you this 
Day at Sacondago but meeting with your Servants on my way 
within a few miles of that place, who informed me that you was 
gone from thence for some days, deprived me of that pleasure 

I had the honor of writeing you some time agoe about a Medal 
for a young Indian who belongs to the Seneka Tribe, and lives 
on some of the Branches of the Ohio. He has my obligation 
either to give him an English Medal or to return him his old one. 
If you are pleased to Signify to me at New York your inten- 
tions on that head, you will greatly oblidge 


Your most Obedient and 
most Oblidged humble Servant 

John Brown 

P. S. M"" John Stedman of Little Niagara was in Company 
with me who likeways professed having the honor of Paying 
his respects to you 

J. B. 
The Hon^'« 

Sir William Johnson 


Johnstown Novb^ \0^. 1771 

Cap*. J». Browns letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 315 


A. L. S. 

Croghans Forest 
lO^h November 1771 
Dear Sir 

I have the honor of your Answer, with it the Sum of Money 
I requested, for which I beg leave to return you my grateful 

I am afraid you did not understand my meaning respecting 
the two tracts I offerd for Sale. I never intended you Should 
advance any more money, but wanted to reimbourse what you 
have So generously advanced for my Exchange, had it Suited 
you; but Shall defer^ Saying anything more (agreable to your 
desire) till I have the honnor of waiting upon you which If I 
allowed my Inclination to guide me Should be very Soon. 

I had the pleasure of being informed before [ ] of 

Sir John's instalation in his new Dignities, I beg leave to offer 
my Congratulation on the occasion, and for his Safe return to 

I am with the greatest Respect, 


Your Much Obliged & 
most Humble Servant 

Aug. Prevost 
The Hon''i«= 

Sir Will" Johnson Baro* 


Novb^ lO'h 1771 

Major Prevosts letter 

^ Written "refer" in the manuscript. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

316 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York I4^K Nov. 1 77 1 
Dear Sir 

I received your Letter of 6 Ins'. & am verry happy to hear 
you are safe returned, & that Sir John & Col". Johnson got home 
in time to meet you — Every Civihty in our power to shew you 
or any of your Family is our Duty, we have no claim to thanks 
for what Gratitude for many favours must prompt us to perform 
if not insensible — which thank God is not the Case — We were 
verry happy in Sir Johns Good Company, wish he had staid 
the Winter, he was here when most people were out of Town. 
If he could come down when the Snow falls. Your Friends 
would be glad to see him. I wish you would pay us a Visitt 
yourself. I have quiet good Lodgings provided for you, & a 
very kind Carefull Woman to attend you, who says she will do 
it with pleasure. — 

• I have no doubt we shall get the County divided & the Court 
House fixed to your Wish & I am glad you approve of the Line 
that I proposed, as it will obviate all Difficultys in regard to the 
Line between Albany & Ulster Countys — Our Assembly I 
fancy dont meet till after the Holydays — Inclosed is a Letter 
Gov"^ Tryon designed to go by Sir John [ ] he will go 

up and see you in Spring, to purchase Lands from the Indians — 
I thank you most sincerely for the Deed you are getting drawn 
for the 2000 Acres — I shall enquire about the Land for Lord 
Ilchester — Pray did you ever write His Lordship on the Sub- 
ject, or did he desire you to purchase for him, or who did — 
M"" Mortier is extreamly ill, & cannot live long. I fancy not 
many Weeks — I shall get your Account from His Clerk & 
receive the Ballance — the Sept^ Mail hourly expected tho it 
can bring no News worth while — M". Wallace desires her 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 317 

Compliments & I assure you of the sincerest & affec'^ good 
Wishes of D-- Sir 

Your most obed*. h obliged Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 
No Servants arrived here 
yet. I go to Philad^. next 
Week, perhaps I may get them there 

Sir Will Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall. 

Novb^ 14'h 1771 — 

Hugh Wallace Esq""^ 
Letter — 


Johnson hall NoV. 16^K 1771 — 
Dear Sir, 

Being only lately returned much fatigued from the Indian 
Country I could not Sooner acknowledge the rect of your favor 
of last Month, which arrived here in my absence, — I have the 
pleasure now to acquaint you that I have transacted some points 
much to my Satisfaction during my late Journey. [The day 
after I left this place] On my way up I was met by Deputies 
from each of the Six Nations, being the principal Men of each 
who came to acquaint me that they had been Called together^ 
on many important matters amongst the rest to consult what was 
to be done on the resignation of the Bunt chief of Onondaga, 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

^ The seven words just following this are in Johnson's handwriting. 

318 Sir William Johnson Papers 

whose great Age & Infirmities Induced him to decHne buisness, — 
Also that Deputies were arrived in their Country by way of 
Seneca from those Nations which Tho\ King had visited, to 
desire in their Names a General Meeting with the Six Nations 
for which purpose they would Assemble [imediately] at Scioto, 
and requested that the Six Nations would lose no time in Send- 
ing their Deputies, all which they thought proper to Signify to 
me — On my Arrival at the Oneida Lake I held a Meeting 
with these Chiefs and Sundry others who Assembled for that 
purpose where I advised the Bunt (whose Influence and fidelity 
I have long had reason to be well Satisfied with) to reassume 
the Care of publick Affairs & thereby [restored peace] gave 
great satisfaction^ to that Nation, After which I told them that in 
Consequence of the News they had heard of the death of Tho*. 
King," the sho*^. no longer delay the Sending to those Nations 
who had received the bad belts from Agaustarax of Chenussio 
and taking them away as Contrary to the desire & without the 
knowledge of the Six Nations, and that I expected this would 
be imediately performed In the manner resolved on at my last 
Treaty with them, as you'll see in the Extract I then sent you. — 
This they Assured me was their fixed Intention as a proof of 
which Chiefs of each were imediately dispatched to bring away 
those belts and to Express their detestation of that whole 
proceeding. We next Settled about the Scioto Meeting, at which 
they Seem resolved to manifest their fidelity to the English, and 
to puruse such measures as will bring those People to good Order, 
otherwise they declare they will Shew themselves able to preserve 
their Ascendency over these people by compelling them to due 
Submission, in such a manner as to leave no room for their propa- 
gating farther evil reports of the Six Nations. — The News of 
the death of Thomas King was some disappointm*. because None 
of his party being arrived his negociations were not fully known. 

"Gave great satisfaction" in Johnson's handwriting. 
On September 5, 1 771 at Charleston, S. C. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 319 

I have since received a Letter from iJ. Gov^ BulP [giving[ 
containing the particulars of that Indians death and that the 
Proceed*, and belts to a great Number & Gov"^ Bulls Letter 
which he received from the Southern Ind*. are in the care of his 
party who were preparing to come hither by Sea. — 

I am fully persuaded of the Truth of your Remarks concern- 
ing the Trick played by the Chenussios, and that there is no 
doubt of the Western Indians meeting with encouragement from 
the French, who will doubtless endeavor to draw the Spanish 
Gov. in to at Least a Connivance with their politicks. — I fear 
that it will be a difficult task to remove those at Post Vincent, 
but especially as they encrease fast I think it not a little dangerous 
that they stay there. It not being possible In my opinion to keep 
them under proper Government in such a Situation, & with Such 

On my way up I had much Conversation with M^ 
Maisonville and as well from his Character as Influence I 
have resolved to make a trial of his fidehty by impowering him 
to act as a Resident there, with a moderate allowance to have 
his Eye upon all that passes, make faithfull reports, and do 
what he shall be ordered. I have many reasons for thinking 
such a person necessary in such a Neighbourhood, and good 
hopes that his fidelity will Answer my Expectations, I have 
also settled a Limitted Allowance for my Deputies which I 
wish had been done sooner as I Apprehend it is for the best. — 
I am sensible that Laws & Regulations in the Indian Country 
will have no Effect unless Commands Officers who are best 
Calculated to see them Executed are impowered to seize Delin- 
quents, and have them punished, without this the Indians will 
allways have a plea & often a reasonable one for their 

Many of them formerly complained when Rum was totally 
forbid, some of whom were Instigated thereto by the Traders 
but I have some reasons to think that the Ind*. in Gen', are 

^ William Bull, appointed lieutenant governor of S. C. in I 764. 

320 Sir William Johnson Papers 

become more Sensible of its pernicious Effects, and therefore 
less inclined to consider such a Restriction as a Grievance, A 
total Restriction however may be impracticable, & I am sensible 
the Limitting any Quantity is so, but I could wish to see it 
restricted from going beyond certain principal Posts, where If 
proper powers are given it may be sold under some better Regu- 
lation than it ever will be otherwise. 

I am sorry that the Expenses have so much encreased at Fort 
Pitt I know M^ Croghans disposition very well, but you may be 
assured that I have Constantly recommended the most Strict 
frugality to him, and I hope the Steps I have lately taken will 
Contribute thereto. 

My Son & Coll. Johnson have delivered me your kind 
Enquirys & Remembrances, for which I am much obliged to 
you, I have also received your Billet accompanying the Pacquet, 
which is dispatched by Express, no other Opportunity having 
offered so late in the Season — 

I am &ca 
His Excel^y. 
Lieut. Gen^. Gage 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 496, is listed a letter wnritten at Johnson 
Hall November 18, 1771, from Sir William Johnson to Rev. William 
Andrews, to commend his opening of an academy in Schenectady and 
to promise to recommend to the Society for Propagating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts an increase of Andrew's salary. (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. y., 4:471-72; Q, 4:293.) 


Free School in Johns ToWn NoV. 2UK 1771 — 

[ ] 

My wife seems so pressing about coming up that I will be 
much oblig'd to you if you will enquire of Coll. Johnson if that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 321 

he expects Capt° Chew up this Winter if not I wou'd willingly 
rent his house near the Bridge for this Winter — and as I shall 
bring up no other furniture save only a bed & a few other small 
necessaries I can at any time move out without being put to any 
great Nonpluss. Do pray Sir be so kind as to mention it to the 
Coll. or if Sir William wou'd please to consent to it imagine 
that the Coll. wou'd not have the least Objection — If it was 
not owing to a certain affair as yet unsetled I shou'd come to a 
conclusion in regard to the Farm I m'ted to you or some others 
more Sutable for Trade — but as some things Stand perticularly 
Circumstanced it wou'd be very rong to take it upon uncer- 
tainty — Please to send me your Answer in the Morning by 
Master Peter and you will much oblige & Serve your friend in 
great haste 

John Cottgrave 

P. S. I am willing to pay as much rent for the house as Sir 
William Johnson or the Coll. thinks I ought to do for the same 
please to keep the Contents as a profound secret 


M"^ Thomas Flood 

The Hon^^^. Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Novb^ 21«». 1771 

M^ Cotgraves letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

322 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 
Johns Town Nov. 22^. 1771 — 

[ ] 

I am very Sorry Business is so very urgent with you as to 
retard your intention of speaking to the Hon^'^. Sir WilHam 
Johnson on my Account — Pray Sir remember me whenever, 
you have an Opportunity so to do — Its impossible for me to 
describe the disHke I have to the continuing at a Tavern for 
Board & Lod[g]ing not that I object to the price so much as 
being in the way of So much vanity to instance it I cannot in a 
comparative Degree without using of so much freedom as to 
point at the Notions of the wandering Peacock. For 
you must know Sir that when I am alone & freed from the 
Duties of my Station I cannot do less then to meditate on the 
various pursutes of the Families in this place — What folly 
what deceipt & how amazeingly & tamely injured is the Greatest 
Man or one of them in this or any other Age — When I reflect 
on these things I am seemingly of a strange frame of mind as 
if I rejoiced at the disappointments which I have eitherto met 
with & as if Providence had appointed me a residence here — 
The more copiously I think of it the more at a Certainty I find 
my self w*^^. if So Mark my ways I will now Declare to you, 
that [ ] I have compleated a thorough revolution — 

I have only one Obstacle that can prevent me — & I hope soon 
to stride over the whole — My Plan Flood is this — To bring 
in the first place the Prodestant Religion to a permanent Estab- 
lishment — which at this time so much Languishes that the major 
part of the Inhabitants on this Patent are in fact much beneath the 
Naturall Dignity of the Common Animal — The Task seems 
dificult because Vice is arriv'd to perfection — But my 
meterials are to purify the riseing Generation — to Prevail on Sir 
William in time to Cloth the poorest Children in the manner 
the Blue Coat Schollers are furnished in England — to prevail 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 323 

on Sir William to give Orders for the Old England Lad that at 
present lives w^ith Sir John Johnson who has had perfect instruc- 
tions for Psalm Singing who has Song three Years at S'. Pauls 
Cethedral in London that all the Freeschool Boys may be taught 
to Sing Psalms in this Church when so Clothd & take their places 
in the Gallery appointed for them only & the Girls — Which 
when compleated I mean to prevail on some of my relations by 
Marriage to Settle with their Families, & then to use every 
endeavour to discourage & bring to due punishment the rascally 
proceedings of them at [ ] ged by Generosity — I have 

already lau [nched ] undertaking — I give Close attend- 

ance to my School — [I have] already purged many of my 
Children that they behave much to [my] Satisfaction — I have 
Oppos'd the vain Conduct of one of the [l]eading kind — I have 
been the Cause of another Store — I have wrote to Collins by 
Buck to put my Name for 2000 Acres of the Socandago Land 
that I may settle some perticular families of my own likeing 
thereon — that when done I may Establish a Store in that 
Quarter & to have an Influence at their Town Meetings I have 
under consideration Gollingers Farm here which if I succeed in 
I will lay it out in Town lotts if this place comes to be a County 
Town & to Settle Sundry mecanicks thereon as fast as my Trade- 
ing Business will admit of And as soon as I find myself invested 
with proper power so as to Act with decency I will do all in 
my Power to get Establish'd One virtuous Good Man such 
as Coll. Butler to be a Justice of the Peace as one of that 
Character is much wanted here — And as these Observations 
are communicated to you — & as you are the only Blunt honest 
Man at heart that Sir WilHam Johnson has I hope you will 
endeavour to attend to my request named in the other of yester- 
day — & believe me if I can serve you in any thing henceforward 
I will do it with Chearfulness — 

John Cottgrave 

P. S. Pray keep this as an Everlasting Secret — 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



M^ Tho^ Flood 



] Letter 

A. L. S. 
Bemilliskolleyaug NoV. 23 J 771 

Dear Wade 

I have had the Pleasure to receive yours yesterday Night ab^ 
12 Clock, by the old Indian and his Wife, as also the Onions, 
Cabbages, Tobacco, Apples, except the 4 Bottles of Wine, of 
Wich the Indian knows nothing ab'. As to Trad hier I can 
assure you, have but verry little opinion. The Indians were 
waiting two Day's before my last arrival hier, and came most 
everry second Day to trad, tell ab'. two Week's after when 
New's came, that one French, and two English Treaders were 
arrived at passkottejang ab*. one Day's journey from this, who 
Spoke to the Indians with a Large Belt, and a Large Silken 
Flag, which they said they planted in the midle of their Village 
and told them that they did not come amongst them to make 
any profit, but to have pity on them and provide them with everry 
Neccesary's, at the first Cost, that their Name was Johnson and 
was a Relat^. to S^ W"". Johnson who gave him the Belt & 
Flag and did sent them hier to make them Charity, & to let 
them have their Necessary's Cheaper then any Trader yet sold 
them. All whath I have got in the House is one pack of Beaver 
in Season 6 Otters most all good 50^'. of Leather 37 Martins 
30 Raccons and 207 Ratts and the Consolation is that them 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 325 

Fellows at Passcoteyang must soon [ ] off their Rum 

and Goods at the Rate they sells, for they gives a Large Blanket 
for one Buck skin, a small [ ] Doe Skin wich certainly 

cannot hold out all Winter and must be treaded off before 
Spring, besides he [and] his Brother had only two Boats one 
as the India [ns told] me was most loaded with his Tools and 
Iron he brought to Work for the Indians, and the other with 
Rum and Marchandize. he gives a 3 Gallon Cask 1 Yl Beaver 
5 Double handfull of powder for a Beaver a large B [ ] of 

Tobacco for a Doe Skin. If I see a better prospect of Trade 
then now, (for I have not seen an Indian this two Weeks) shall 
send a Boat as Early as possible. As to Caks I have but 4 wich 
you Know I want, when I tip the Barrel. The Catt is safe. 
As to my Health [it] (thank God) is perfectly restored. I 
have nothing more to Add only am surprized you did not send 
me the little Pack of Butter, wich I beliefe was hide for I 
was looking a half a Hour for it in the Shop, when you told 
me, that you sent it allready down the Water side, you know 
verry well I had none but that. Wishing you good Success, and 
an agreable Winter, I am 

Dear Wade 

Your Sincere C. Kreuser 

The frenchmen behaves better does not trink [ ] 

I sent him twize to the Lake, from where he [ ] 

brings Ducks and Geese — 



M^ Ferrall Wade 


Novb^ 23< 1771 — 

M"". Kreisers letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

326 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

New London Novem' 27"'. 1 771 
Dear Sir 

When I wrote you last I Expected to have had the Very 
great Pleasure of paying my Duty and best Respects to you at 
Johnson Hall before this time, but the Situation of my Family 
is Such that I Cannot Possible leave it — I flater my self that I 
may set out in about ten or 12 days; and it may Perhaps be a 
Little Longer, it shall be the moment I Can in the mean time I 
am doing Every thing to Enable me to leave New London with 
my Family as Early as Possible in the Sprmg, and I am sure I 
think the time Very Long, being most heartily Sick of the Place, 
we have nothing Particular I Constantly send you the Boston 
Papers and Shall do it this night M" Chew & Little Fann desire 
their best Respects I offer my Sincerest Prayers for your health 
and happiness and am with the greatest Respect Dear Sir Your 
most Dutifull & 

Obed*. Hble Serv' 

Jos Chew 
Sr W^ Johnson Bar'. 


The Honourable 
S"^ William Johnson Bar' 

Johnson Hall 


Novb^ 27"^ 1771 — 

Cap*. Chews letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 327 


A. L. 5.1 

Guy Park NoV. 28'K 1 77 1 
In the morning 
My dear Sir William 

I lay at Bro^ Claus's the night before last & was prepared 
to set out Yesterday morning for the Hall, but the very bad 
weather Joyned to the increase of my Complaint prevented me ; — 
This Morning I had resolved upon going, but late last Night 
Jerry arrived with your kind Letter &c which I could not answer 
till this Morning, for during the Night The Pain (v(/hich has 
for some days left my broken Limb) Increased to such a degree 
in my left Foot that I could not Sleep till Daylight this Morning, 
and it is still so Extremely Violent that I can scarcely attend 
to what I write. It does not appear much Inflamed and there- 
fore resembles a Rheumatic, rather than a Podagric Complaint 
unless it is an Incipient wandering Gout, as I am occasionally 
affected with Strong Pain in the Head, Shoulders Knees &ca 
however I am not able to Walk a step, on the left foot & am 
Worse by many degrees than ever I was before with the Like — 
I have received a Long answer to my case with a set of Instruc- 
tions & Medicines from D^ Jones, — he begins hy directing me 
to bleed 16 oz. & go on bleeding & taking some Aromatic 
preparations Etc Etc. He is of opinion that I am as full of 
blood, as a Butchers Slaughter house, but I have many good 
reasons for declining the Operation, till I hear farther from him 
and my present situation is sufficiently disagreable being at Loss 
for advice & afraid I may treat my foot &ca improperly 

I should not have taken up so much of your time with my 
Complaints but from a persuasion that they would meet with 
your Indulgence, & that my Technical Expressions might make 
you laugh, although I have nothing Risible in my own 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

328 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Governors^ Letter is not only polite but Affectionate. He 
seems desirous to enter into an Intimacy, with the air of a 
Pylades, and the strongest Ideas of pastoral friendship. I really 
believe him sincere. Else, being a Sensible Man, he had no par- 
ticular Temptation to make use of some of the phrases he has 
done — when I saw my own note I at first thought, he resented 
our not seeing him the last day, — I hope he does not — I shall 
have a proper Letter for him by next post & have already 
finished a neat little map, which I would send him now, but that 
I want not only to shew it to you, but also to Let you see and 
have your approbation of my Letter to him which will accom- 
pany it. — 

A few nights ago, I took it in my head to Sketch out a second 
Pet", for the County Which I kept by me Expecting to deliver 
it in person to you; I now Inclose it herewith. Am very glad 
that I Anticipated your Expectations, and hope you will Approve 
of it. — I think it should be signed by the different persons as 
nearly as can be recollected in the order of the Last. — I have 
just run it over without correction but made a marginal Note 
concerning the Time the first bill was brought in which pro- 
duced the first Pet". I think you may Thro' Butler or some 
body be informed when that Pet", was first set on foot, & Indeed 
it wo*^. not be amiss if you wrote a Line to Wallace who I sup- 
pose could get you a Copy of it, & Send it you before the 
Assembly met, — Should you think it best to be plain with them 
& point out Johns Town, the last part of the Pet", must be altered 
& reasons assigned for it as for Instance after A in the Pet". — 
"The County Court house to be therein directed to be at Johns- 
town near the Mohawk R. in the said Co: as the same is most 
conveniently Situated in the Midst of many increasing Settle- 
ments at the Termination of sev'. public Roads where there is 
at present not only a Good Church Parsonage & Glebe but also 

^ William Tryon, Governor of New York from July 9, 1771 to April 
7, 1774 and from June 26, 1775 until his authority was terminated by 
the Revolution. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 329 

above 20 houses already erected & Inhabited by Industrious 
Manufactorers and a prospect of many more thro' the Patronage 
of the founder, as well as a Suffic'. quantity of Land & Wood 
allotted for its farther extension, which cannot be had in any 
other good Situation all which render it the most Convenient as 
well as the most agreable to your Pef*."^ — I own I should 
rather think it best to Leave it as in the Pet". — I forget whether 
I have given it the proper address at the Top : you may find some 
precedents of pet"^ to the Assembly by which if wrong it can 
be corrected. — 

I owe M^ Wallace £ 28 . 3 . 2 . for very necessary Articles 
which I have just rec'^. — he writes me that as he has money to 
receive for you, if I settle it so as that he may deduct it, it will 
save Trouble. I have also a few small articles. Viz* a Waggon 
& some other things to pay for in this Neighborhood, & at the 
same time shall have 2 years half pay due. Next Month. — I 
would beg to know if it is convenient for you to take my order 
on M^ Baker for one Years half pay Viz* £42 str. & let 
Wallace have the above Sum of 28 . 3 . 2 & myself a little more 
when you can, but sensible of the repeated Trouble I have 
already given you on that Score, I cannot say more on the 
Subject. — 

As the Boy came late, & I was not able to write last night 
or to get up early this day, I hope you'll Excuse him, as I have 
delayed him. — 

I hear with pleasure that you are tolerably hearty. I sincerely 
wish it may be true, and I trust I have no need of Argument in 
proof of it — The badness of the roads or Weather would not 
prevent me from paying my respects to you. I really wish with 
much eagerness for an opportunity but the last 24 hours has 
made me so much worse that it is at present Impossible. I hope 
the snow will furnish me with a better means of Conveying 

^ The act as passed March 12, 1 772 made no provision for the Tryon 
county courthouse; but Johnstown was designated as the seat by the 
Governor in council. See Calendar of Council Minutes, p. 490. 

330 Sir William JoJmson Papers 

Myself, or at least in a few days I shall be better able to under- 
take a Little ride. In the mean time allow me to give you 
Pollys most Dutifull wishes and to assure you of the Cordial 
affecti^ of my Dear Sir, 

Your much obliged son, & faithfull humble Serv*. 

G Johnson 

1 forward you a Letter that came here 

2 nights ago, but no opport^ offered since 

& I did not think it looked of consequence — 
My best regards to D^ Dease, M"". Daly &ca. 

Sir Wm. Johnson Bart. 

INDORSED:' November 28'^ 1 771 
Co'. Johnsons letter 


[Novr 1771] 
[ ] Representatives for [ ] 

of New York — In General Assembly Convened.* 
The Petition of the Principal Freeholders & Inhabitants of the 
Mohock River and Settlements adjacent in the County of 
Albany within said Province. — 
Humbly Sheweth: 

That by reason of the very Great Extent of the said County, 
and the manifold Inconveniences resulting therefrom to a very 
Considerable body of Its Inhabitants from their remote Situation 
from the CapitaP thereof a Bill was brought in the 9^^. May 

^ Word unfinished. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

* Four words in Johnson's hand. 

^ At this point on the margin is a note illegible because charred by fire. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 331 

1 769 [5essfon] of the House In the year ^ for dividing 

the said County by Erecting a New One out of its Westermost 
part. The Heads of which Bill were afterwards Published in 
the Prints by Order of the House with a View to enable those 
affected or Interested therein, to point out any Amendments, or 
Improvements for the better division of the said County. 

That agreable thereto Your Petitioners after due Considera- 
tion did humbly propose by Petition to the said House an 
Alteration & Improvement of a part of the said boundary, the 
reasonableness & propriety of which Alteration they amply sett 
forth. Praying that the same might be taken into Consideration, 
and the muxh wanted Division of the said County framed 
Accordingly, as will more fully appear from their Said Petition 
now before the Honourable House. — 

That your Petitioners have been given to understand that their 
Said Petition did merit the Attention, & farther Consideration 
of the House, but have not heard that they came to any 
Determination in their Premisses. — 

Your Petitioners therefore being daily more Sensible of the 
great Inconveniencies to which their Situation Exposes them thro' 
the want of a proper Division of the said County [ ] 

said House for their relief, and inasmuch as [ ] 

desirous to remove every possible Objection that may [in the] 
Smallest degree tend to obstruct or Impede a division which they 
[have] reason to Wish for, Do with that View farther humbly 
pray That the Division of the proposed County shall begin 
On the [ ] branch of Delaware River at the Termination 

of a Line ran by M"" Metcalf in 1 769 from the Susquehanna 
as a boundary with the Indians, and to run from thence up the 
said Mohock branch of the Delaware to the head thereof. From 
thence by a direct Course to the West Side of the Patents on 
Schohare Creek, (which is a very short Distance) Thence 
Northerly along the West bounds of the said County to the North 
end of the Old Scohare Patent, thence Easterly along said North 

^ Space in the manuscript. 

332 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

bounds to Duanesburgh & along the [ ] of the same to 

the Mohock River at the West bounds of Schenectady Town- 
ship, Thence North along the said Westbounds to the North 
[ ] Corner thereof, Thence Still North to the West 

branch of Hudsons River, and from thence Still Northward to 
the 45th Deg of Lat. or in such direction & to such place, as 
the House shall in their Wisdom Judge best. Which boundary 
being for a great way a Natural One, and in every place freed 
from the Inconveniencies of that, before proposed, is the most 
Secure & the least Exceptional that can be devised for that 
purpose. — 

Your Petitioners in addition do farther humbly request the 
Scituation for the County Courthouse and other matters relative 
should be Left to the Discretion and Choice of the Magistrates 
thereof, or to the Majority of them, as persons best acquainted 
with the Country, & most Capable of determining for the General 
Advantage & Convenience of the Inhabitants, Submitting all 
other Matters & things to the Wisdom of the House. — 

[ ] persuading themselves that the [ ] 

Nature of their [ ] of their request render it an object 

worthy attention do humbly recommend the same to the 
Serious Consideration of the honorable House, Hoping that 
thro' their nice discernment they will distinguish this Application, 
by Contributing their Aid to the Obtaining a Law of this 
Province for erecting the said County and Establishing its 
boundary In the manner already described. 

And your Petit"^* will ever pray hc^ 

Lewis Grodt John Waters 

Yeremi De Graaef Guy Johnson 

Isaac De Graaef Daniel Claus 

NicLAS De Graaef John Johnson 

Fridrick De Graaef Joseph Powel 

Arent Lenin John Powel 

^ The signatures are attached to a copy of the document in the Johnson 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 


Jacob Putnam 
Lewis Davis 

[ ] 

William Johnson 
John Butler 
Adam Lauks 
William Seeber 
Peter Conyne 
John Stuart 
Peter Bowen 
John Bowen 
Lewis Clemen [t] 
Frederick Visse 
Harmen Visse 
Jelles Fonda 
Adam S. Vroo[man] 
Arant Bradt 
Douw Fonda 
Johannes Veeder 
Barent B. W[ 



[ ] Trettman 

[ ] Merkle 

[ ] Krems 

[ ] Shultise 

[ ] Snell 

William Nelles 

[ ]annes Bellinger 

[ ]annes Fless 

[ ]ry W-^. Nellus 
[ ]dreas Reber 

[Jo] hannes Wallerad 
[ ]es Wohlgemuth 
[ ] drick Vetterley 
[ ] b Krausz 


[ ]ter Warmuth 

[ ] Haus 

[ ] John Diell 

Hendrick Frey 

Daniel Steel 

[ ] Wall 

[ ] 

Charles Hans Van Eps 

Jacob Hernberg Jun^ 
Peter Hansen 
Martin Gardenyer 
Abraham Van Alstyn 
Andrew Wempel 
Richard Hansen 
Hendrick Merkel Jun'. 
Peter S. Deygert 
Peter Ten Broeck 
H. NicKLAs Herkheimer 
Werner Deygert 
Josh Herkheimer 
Frederick Bellenger 
Frederick Hellmer 
Henry Sterter 
George Hilts 
Henry Herter 
Frederick Real 
Adam Baumann 
Marcus Petrie 
Daniel Petrie 
Jacob Casler 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

William Deygert 
Michael Ettick 
Thomas Porter 

[ ] 

Adam Haring iGerm" 

Patrick Campell J Flatts 

Mara Daghstater 

Adam Ecker 

David Marinus 


George Schramling 
Johannes Marseles 
John Jacob Pel, Minister 
Ebenezer Cox 
James Willson 
Samuel Dunlop 
John Wells 
James Scott 
Robert Wells 
Samuel Ferguson 
John McCollom 
James McCollom 
James Moore 
Samuel Campbell 
John Wickweir 
William Dickson 
Archibald McKillip 
Samuel Clyd ] 
John L [ ] 

[ ] 

[ I 

Goosen Van Alstyne 

Martin Van Alstyne 
Abraham Quackenbush 
Moses Ibbitt 

Gilbert Tice 

James Davy 

Christian Sheeck 

John Wilson 

Jacob Bested 

Jacob Everhard Cogtmot 

Martin Walter 

Rob"^ Lotteredge 

Peter Servois Jun"*. 

Everjard Van Cogtmot 

Casper Counce 

[ ] 

[ ] 

Martin Lesler Jun' 


William Shuma 
Philip Emer 
Mark Reece 
Michael Staller 
Adam Ramor 
Philip Kelman 
John McGregor 
Aaron Van Seklor 
Timothy Leonard Son 
James Rennet 
JoHANNis Counce 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 335 

John Shaver 

Jacob Bosh [ 


Casper Kun [ 

] John Van Ant[ 


Hendrick B [ 

] Johanis F [ 


Christian J [ 


indorsed : 

Petition of the 


Freeholders, and Inhabitants of the 

Mohock River 

, & Settlements Adjacent 


To the House 

of Assembly 

Nov^ 1771. 

A. D. S. 

Albany 2'^. Decern'-. 177/ 
The Hon^'^. Sir William Johnson Baronett 

To Jn° Stevenson D^ 
Ct Q 11 

To 23 bars flatt Iron w* 6. .0. . 7 

5 D^ Square D°. 1 . .0. . 7 

2 D°. flatt ax D°. 1..0. . 9 

8..0..23 n @ 30/ £14. .15. .5 


A. L. 5. 

Albany 2'^. DecenV. 1771 — 

Inclosed you have the Account of the Iron you ordered which 

336 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I now send you to the care of M^ Van Eps at Schonectady. I 
hope it may be to Satisfaction I am 


Your Most obHdged 
& Most Obed'. Humble 

John Stevenson 

Alby. 2d. Decb^ 1771 — 

M"^. Stevensons letter 


A. L. 5.2 

Butlers Bury' 2 De/^: 1771 
HoN°: Sir 

Just now M'' Perkin gave me your Favor whearin you desired 
me to send you my opinion, concerning Samon^: Road. I have 
no objections to the peoples yousing the old Road, and if you 
will be so kind to tack the truble To give the Pathmaster such 
directions as you may think proper, you may be assured it will 
be agreeable to me, as I have no desire that People shold be 
obliged to youse a bad Road when theay can Have a good one 
I am Hon"^ : Sir your Duty' : 

Hum'^. Ser*: 

John Butler 

Sir William Johnson Bar*: 


Sir William Johnson Bar*: 
Johnson Hall 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 In New York Public Library, New York City. 

^ Butlerbury, in the town of Mohawk, Montgomery county, N. Y., the 
home of the Butler family. 

Posi-War Period. 1763-1774 337 


In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:285-87, is a letter of December 
4th, from the Earl of Hillsborough, expressing his conviction that the 
Senecas with the exception of the Chenussios are faithful, approving the 
late congress at Johnson Hall, lamenting the restrictions on Johnson's 
authority in vievv^ of the failure of the colonies to regulate Indian trade 
and mentioning General Gage's desire to chastise the Kickapoos and 

A. L. S. 
Schenectady 6''' December 1771 — 


We was honord with your letter by Charles Doyle, whose 
Mortgage to us is for £ 1 50 and we beieive the only one against 
his House & Lott; M^ Doyles debt with us to now reduced to 
about £ 1 20 the like Sum in 1 762 he paid to M^ Duncan for 
the Lott the Buildings &c he made since that purchase he says 
has stood him £280 More, his tittle is good but we are no 
judges of the value at this present time property of that kind 
having decreased very much of late, in so much that we question 
if necessity makes it necessary to sell by Execution if the whole 
wou'd much exceed £200. 

Our chief reasons for urging Doyl to pay our demand is that 
we have realy immediate occasion for the Money, besides his 
affairs and management are such that endulgence can never mend 
his unhappy situation. — 

Our A. E. just saved his distance by reaching Albany last 
Tuesday with the Sloop, together with our goods from Brittain 
& the remainder of our sto[res] from N. York, the butter you 
was pleased to write for is here & will be sent by first opportunity. 

Be pleased to Accept of Compliments from M"^* Phyn & all 

338 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this family Whe have the Honor to be with the most perfect 


Your most Obed'. & much ObHged 
Hum' Servants 

Phyn & Ellice 
The Honorable SiR WiLLIAM JOHNSON 



Decb^ 6^ 1771 — 

M^ Phyns Letter 


Albany 7^^. Decern^. 1771 — 

I Rec"^. your kind favour of the 5'^. Ins', with the Sum of 
Thirty four Pounds, Seventeen Shillings & Nine Pence Inclosed 
2/8 of which I have Passed to your Credit and the Remander 
to my Brothers Ace'. & Return you thanks for the Same and am 


Your Most Oblidged 
& most Humble Serv' 

John Stevenson 

Decb^ 7'h. 1771 — 

M^ Stevensons letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 339 


L. S. 

[Dec. 10, 1771] 
By a Shaway Indian who Lives at Detroit, and 

[ ] ned from the Elonies Cuntry the 1 0'^. of December, 

[ ] the following Intilegance. 

That about 40 days ago the Commandant at the Elonies, 
call'd a Councle of all the Indian Nations thereabouts, and tould 
them by several Belts of Wampam, that the Cherrokees had 
Complained to the Governor of Mesisapa of the 111 usage they 
had Received from the English for Several years past; and 
Tould him that they had made warr on the English and desir'd 
his help; then with a very large warr belt Tould them that the 
Governor of Mesisapa had agreed to help the Cherrokees; and 
that the Chacktaws a g[ ] Nation had promised to send 

2000 men Early in [the] Spring to help the Cherrokees to drive 
the English [across] the grate watter, and then desired them to 
prepare themselves to Joyne the Chacktaws for which they 
[would] Be well paid in goods, as he would have a grate 
quan[tity] Next Spring. The Severall Nations gave him for 
answer That they had been keept Several years at warr against 
the English by him (maineing the Commandant) and lost thier 
hunting, that now they had made paice with the English, and 
was determined to go no more to warr Against them, but return 
to their Antient employments Of hunting, and would take no 
part with the Cherrokees That the Cherrokees was thier Enemies, 
and formerly you uset to Send us to warr against them ; you Say 
you will have a grate many goods in the Spring we dont know 
how you will get them, you have [Tould] Us So this tow years 
past, but we never See any tha[t] hav came, you always Said 
the English was Old women and could not fight, but we now 
know better, they have Bate you Every where, and is your 
masters; So Father we Will think for our selves, and listen no 
more to any Thing you Say to us; heer they returned the warr 

340 Sir William Johnson Papers 

belts and brook up the Councle without Saying a word more or 
waiteing to heer any thing the Commandant would Say to them ; 
and in a fue days the Indians all Sett of ahunting. 

This Indian informed that he See the Indians I sent from 
Pettsburgh to acquaint the Mamees That thier Brethren the 
English was going to take the French out of thier Cuntry; and 
to Settle there themselves, which he Says pleased the Indians 
much — as they Said then they were Sure the English would 
Send Treaders to thier Cuntry. — 

How far the above Intilegance may be depended on, I cant 
pretend to Say, But I am of Oppenion as the Cherrokees are 
Natural Enemies of the Westren Indians; that the French wont 
be able to get any nation that lives on the Ohio; or the lackes 
from the Elonies upwards to Joyne the Cherrokees, not Even the 
Shanneys, Whome I take to be the worst people this way at 

Geo: Croghan 

Deputy Agent 

[ ] 

To L*. Col: Aug"^. Prevost 


Johnson hall Dech'- //"> 1 77 1 

[ ] 

Sometime Since I was favored wdth your very polite and 

friendly Letter of Sept^ last, Expressing the Sense you had of 
my little Acts of Friendship for Lieut. Prevost. 

The Esteem I have always had for your Character & person 
would have intitled him to any Acts of Civility in my power. 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 341 

but his own Merit gave him a particular claim to my Friendship, 
and I am glad of this opportunity of bearing Testimony to it, 
as I know it must Afford you pleasure. 

It will give me much Satisfaction to render you or him any 
future Services, and as I should have been happy to have Seen 
you on your Way to Canada, had Circumstances permitted. 
So, I shall on any future occasion receive much pleasure from an 
Interview with a Gentleman I so much Esteem 

I am with great regard 

Sir &ca 
Lt Col. Aug. Prevost 


Johnson hall Dec: II^K 1771 

[ ] 

I am favored with your Letter of the 10'^. Sepf. with the 
Invoice & particulars therein mentioned. I could have wished 
thc.t you had procured Instructions for the use of the Camera 
Obscura, as the Novelty of its Construction occasions it not to 
be well Understood. 

You are very Obliging in furnishing me with so many par- 
ticulars of news. — I have very little to offer in return, a Calm 
Seems to have taken place on this Side of the Water, the 
advantages of which I am glad to find so Sensibly felt in 
England. — But from all the discoveries I have lately made there 
is an increased Spirit of discontent amongst Many of the Western 
Tribes and endeavors used to draw in others into their Scheme, 
which it is my duty & I hope it will be in my power to prevent. 
The French Vagabond Settlements greatly Increase on the 
branches of Mississipi, and contribute much to promote this Spirit 
amongst the Indians, neither is it practicable at present to remove 

■■^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

342 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them, or to reduce them to Order. Some Murders were lately 
Committed on the Ind^ at the back of Virginia, by people as 
Lawless as themselves. Their resenlment is therefore daily 
encreased, and must at last Manifest itself in Overt Acts, because 
they can obtain no Satisfaction from us. 

I am much obliged to you for your Offer of a Share in the 
Supplying of Timber &c which however I believe I must decline 
from my many other Avocations, whenever Hatton arrives here I 
shall most Willingly Afford him any good Offices in my power. — 
There is much good Timber in a part of this Country not far 
from hence, tho' not yet Explored or known by Government, 
and I think it deserves more attention & Care than it has hitherto 
met with altho' there are several Surveyors of the Woods. 
Apropos, there is a Lieut Benzell who has been app[ointed 
Inspector of Forests]^ I think for this Province & Canada, with 
a Sallary of [£300]^ & travelling Expenses &c, he is as I 
am told in a bad state of health and by his Intemperance cannot 
live any time. I have therefore been thinking of securing the 
Success", to it for my Son. In a great measure as an Amusement 
for him, and would willingly desire your Good Offices & Instruc- 
tion upon it. I know these things are often & sometimes easily 
procured, and should be very glad that thro' your means, it 
might either be obtained, or the nature of the necessary Appli- 
cation pointed out, — The Confidence in which I mention this 
as it arises from the Friendly Sentiments I entertain for you is 
the best proof I can give of them which leads me be to believe that 
you will make such use of what I have hinted, as shall appear 
best for the purpose. 

M«. John Blackburne 


Dec. Iltf^ 1771 — 

To M^ John Blackburne 

Missing sections supplied from a copy made before the fire of 1911 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 343 


A. L. S.i 

New York Dec^\ 1 U^ 1771 
Dear Sir 

It gives me much Pleasure to find by your Letter of the \(i^^'. 
Ul"^°: that you are returned safe from the upper Country, and 
so well satisfied with your Negotiations with the Six Nations. 
Maisonviile can doubtless be of use if he is hearty in our interest, 
and you have taken the best Method to make him Faithfull; I 
therefore trust that you will receive usefull and certain Intelli- 
gence from him of the Machinations of our Enemys. 

I have Intelligence from Fort-Pitt repeating what was sent 
from Detroit about scalps taken at the Ilinois and the Capture 
of a white-man, by name Finley. with Information given 26'**. 
Sept^ by two Wyandots from Sandusky, that eleven villages of 
the ouabache, Miamies, and Lake Michigan Indians have deter- 
mined to attack the Troops at the Ilinois in the spring, and that 
a Party from each of those Villages was already gone to hunt 
about the Falls of the ohio, in order to be ready to fall upon 
any Boats going down the River. 

In my letters of the 10'^: and 24'^: of September last, I wrote 
upon the hostile Proceedings of most of those Tribes, and con- 
cerning the best Method to chastise them and bring them to 
Reason, which I fear Nothing but Chastizement will do. You 
will oblige me in your opinion upon what I wrote to you on those 
Heads, and whether any steps could or ought to be taken therein 
till the six Nations are informed of Thomas King's Negotiations, 
or of the Proceedings of the Deputys now sent to Scioto.^ It is 
plain that something must be done, and if advice nor measures 
will not have effect, the sooner Measures are taken to oppose 
Hostilities the better. 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^ See Johnson to Hillsborough, April 4, 1772, in Doc. Rel. to Col. 
Hist. N. Y., 8:290-91. 

344 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have a Letter from M^ Croghan which informs me that as 
he could neither expect you or me to pay his Expences, he had 
given up his Appointment, and wrote to you, to desire you would 
not consider him any longer as your Deputy. He had before 
desired a Court of Enquiry about some Provision, which was 
granted him; tho' purely to gratify his Request, for everybody 
concerned agreed in the same story, and the Enquiry has pro- 
duced no more than what He and every Person concerned had 
declared before it was held. As there was some Dispute about 
Provisions, I send you a Return of what was issued to Indians 
in about three Months, and it appears to me a sufficient Quantity 
to have assisted all Partys that had occasion to pass Fort-Pitt. 
M"": Croghan's living on his Farm^ so near the Fort, has been 
from Appearance, an additional motive of drawing Indians to 
the Fort and about it, to get what was to be had from him and 
the Commanding officer. 

There is advice from Oswegatchie, that a Trader, Name not 
mentioned, with your Pass," had sold great Quantitys of Rum 
at Quinte about 70 Leagues from Oswegatchie, which had 
occasioned much Drunkeness and Quarrelling amongst the 
Indians, and that two Indians were killed. The Account does 
not inform what Tribe they belonged to 

I have the honour to be with great truth. 

Dear Sir 

Your most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 

INDORSED:'' Dec^ 11*^. 1771 
From General Gage 
with Intelligence 

^ A settlement on the Allegheny river, four miles above Fort Pitt, con- 
taining about 1 300 acres. 

- A pass later shown by Johnson to be false. 
' In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, / 763-1774 345 


Johnson hall December 12^^. 1771 
Dear Sir, 

I am favored with yours Inclosing a Letter from our Worthy 
Friend Lord Adam Gordon, which partly (as you Judged) 
regards the Lands I procured for him, until the rect of this Letter 
I was at a loss to know whether he accepted or declined it, 
otherwise the point might have been long since settled, and the 
Map he desires forwarded Which with every thing else necessary 
shall be prepared & forwarded next Spring, as soon as I can get 
it layed out. — 

Northampton cannot be affected by any of the Surrounding 
Grants but rather improved in its Value. It is narrow but finely 
Situated, and good Land, its greatest fault is that lying on both 
sides of a River accustomed to swell to a great height, there are 
many parts of it much exposed to these Innundations. — Col. 
Johnson who has my fourth or share in it requests me to tell 5'^ou 
that If you have an Inclination to let your part on the terms he 
does with his, that is Five years rent free, & afterwards at about 
£6 ^ hund"^. Acres '^ Ann, In fee Simple, or a Lesser rent 
if for Lives, he will as opportunity offers do all he can for your 
advantage. — 

I think a Land Office faithfully conducted would for the reasons 
given prove Convenient to many, but I believe it will be very 
difficult for the Undertakers to procure the Materials necessary 
for rendering it of the use that might be Expected from it. 

Sir John & Col. Johnson desire to be very kindly remembered 
to yourself and family and be assured that I am allways 

D^ Sir 

The Hoiible J. Watts Esq^ 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

346 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Dec^ 12th 1771 

To the Honble John Watts Esq"". 

A. L. S. 

Albany 1 3^K DeC: 1771 


I am realy ashamed at being so troublesome to You, and 
would avoid it did I not conceive I am bound in honor to do 
Justice to my Lord Dunmore and the Council as well as to myself, 
by laying before my Lord Hilsbrough the whole arguments & 
proceedings in the Controversy between my Self and the 
Proprietors of Hardenberghs Patent last winter, before his Lord- 
ship and the Council, to clear up some unfair representations 
which is said to have been made to My Lord Hilsbrough on 
that head. 

The letter You was so good to send me last Winter to shew 
the Lands claim'd by me and my Associates were purchas'd or 
agreed for before the signing the Treaty for Settling the 
Boundry Line my Lawyer or my Self have mislaid or lost, which 
is of gi'eat consequence in this Affair unless you will be pleas'd 
to replace it either by way of a letter or Certificate — this is a 
piece of Justice I am sure you will not refuse me. I rest there- 
fore contented beging only. You will favor me [with] it as soon 
as You conveniently can as all the papers are ready except that. 

I return'd from New York three days since — The Royal 
American Regiments go to the West Indians next Year and the 
Establishing a Government in the back Country is again talk'd 
of among the Ministry, but nothing fixd when my Letter came 
away as my Lord Hilsbrough was in Ireland. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 347 

I have had the pleasure to hear since I came Home that you 
were in perfect health; I sincerly hope it is true and that You 
will not only long remain so but believe me with great esteem 


Your Oblig'd & Obedient 
humble Servant 

Jn° Bradstreet 
Sir W'^. Johnson Bar'. 


Alby. 13'!^ XK 1771 

Co'. Braclstreets letter 

wants a Cert, of his Land Claims 

A. D. S. 

Johnson Hall Decb>: 2hK [1771] 

Please to pay unto Col°. Daniel Claus or order the Sum of 
Forty Pounds New York Cur'^y. & charge it to Ace', of 

Y^ Humble Servant 

W Johnson 

To the Honb'^. HuGH WALLACE Esq^ 
Nev/ York — 

Received of M'^^ Martha Mortier the within mentioned 
sum of Forty Pounds January 1 772 


Decb^ 2 b' 1771 

G^. Banyar. 

Sir V/"". Johnsons Order 
for £40 on Hugh Wallace 
Esq'", in favour of Col Claus 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

348 Sir William Johnson Papers 

In the Johnson Calendar, p. 497, is Hsted a letter written Dec. 23, 
1771 at Johnson Hall by Sir WiUiam Johnson to Col. Bradstreet, recalling 
a statement by Indians, in the presence of Sir Henry Moore, that the 
lands of the Six Nations extended to the Popachtunk branch of the Dela- 
ware, and they would sell to Bradstreet the land between the Mohock and 
Popachton branches. (printed in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 


Johnson hall Dec-. 23^. 1771 — 
Dear Sir, 

I have Just received your favor of the 1 1 '^ Ins' the Subject of 
which I have considered together with those of your Letters of 
Sepf. concerning the hostile proceedings of some of the Ind". 
tribes to the South West. I have likewise compared the same 
with Sundry pieces of Intelligence I have received, & on the 
whole I am of opinion that the Ouiaghtonos, and most of the 
Tribes about the Ouabache as well as some on the Ohio &c, 
are inclinable to Commit hostilities and that the Young War- 
riors of some other Nations may Joyn them is Extremely prob- 
able. The Licentious frontier Inhabitants who go over the 
Mountains & many of whom are engaged in hunting having 
Continually disputes or rencounters with the Indian parties which 
being equally unjustifiable encrease Mutual Animosities & tend 
to diffuse a Spirit of disaffection amongst the Indians. — 

These Nations must be at War somewhere their Young 
people more especially are ungovernable, and the least provo- 
cation suffices as a pretext for acts of Violence. — Should these 
appearances encrease I am of opinion that we should prepare 
to reduce them by force, To Awe those of whom we are in 
doubt, & to preserve & Cherish the fidelity of those in whom we 
can confide, encouraging their Parties to go against the Enemy 

"^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson; missing sections supplied from manu- 
script letter in William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 349 

accompanied by some, of our own People. — This is what 
occurrs at first view, but as in a quarrel with Ind^ it is impossible 
to say exactly what numbers may Engage or in what manner 
they may carry on their operations, so it is necessary to provide 
as far as we can in all Quarters against their first blow For, 
altho I am confident it is not in their power to [render a Rupture] 
with the Indians general, I am far from thinking [that] it will be 
solely confined to one part of the Country, or that their [Object] 
would be a Single Garrison, or outpost. The Militia of the 
Frontiers should therefore be put in such a state as to be of some 
Use & to Cooperate in the defence of the Frontiers, whilst an 
Attack is made on those who most deserve it by some Chosen 
Troops and Indians. — But I may be going too far on this head 
for as I have no doubt of the IncHnation of the Six Nations (to 
speak of them generally) for brings, those disorderly Tribes to 
peace & submiss". There is some reason to think that the Mes- 
sages now sent & what has been farther proposed by the Six 
Nations will have a good effect & by shewing the fidelity of the 
latter destroy the hopes which the rest might have placed on 
their Assistance, At the same time the persons charged with 
Tho*. Kings proceed^ not being yet returned It may perhaps be 
better to allow a little more time on that accot, especially as the 
delay is not likely to be dangerous at this Season. — 

Last Week, some young Caghnawagas who had left hitn at 
Chote returned here & bro' me a Letter from M"". Cameron at 
that place a Depy of M"" Stuarts dated 2 1 ^^ Aug^ who tells me 
of his having with the Assistance of the Cherokees prevailed 
on a party from the Northward of Cayugas to desist from attack- 
ing the Chactaws. He seems to have wished that they had 
attacked the Creeks. And tells me that the Cherokees desired 
him to write to me that they were ready & willing to attend to 
the advise of their Brothers here, that the Ouiatonos Twightwees 
&c still committed hostilities in their Nation & begged that I 
would take pity on them. Adding Likewise their Sollicitations 
to the Chat^ for Assistance to Subdue these Tribes, sho<^ they 

350 Sir William Johnson Papers 

not Listen to Amicable proposals. — I think that this is a matter 
worthy attention, and that a good use may be made of it. — 

M^ Croghan has wrote to me in the same manner you mention, 
and as he has several times applied to the Same effect, I can no 
longer desire his stay in the Department. He has given me no 
particulars concerning the provisions &c; but seems to think that 
very little presents were Actually given out at Fort Pitt; — I have 
read the acct of prov*. issued to Ind^ there in 3 months, and am 
sensible of what you observe on that head, but That post is so 
Situated & is in a General rout wch greatly contributes to encrease 
the Expences 

I am much at a Loss to know what Trader could have so far 
Imposed as to appear at Kente or elsewhere Trading under any 
pass of mine, not having issued one to any person for such pur- 
pose for many years past, & then these papers were to be 
annually renewed. I shall make what enquiry I can that he may 
be treated as he deserves; — 

I sincerely wish you the Compliments of the Season 
And am with true regard 

His Excell^y. Lieut Gen^. Gage 


Dec--23d. 1771.— 

To Lieut Gen'. Gage 

with an Ans"^ to his Questions 

on the Intelligence he transmitted. 



At Albany. Dec: 24, 1771 

[ ] of my Congregation, at present. 

[ ] Monier, & family 4 . 

Widow Callison 5 . 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 351 

Isaac Fryer 4 . 

Hannah Fryer 4 . 

Thomas Barry 1 . 

Benj. Hilton 4. 

Jonathan Brookes 4. 

John Barclay 2 . 

James Dole 3 . 

Peter Sylvester 3 . 

Thomas Sharp 1 . 

Jn°. Stevenson 3 . 

Cornelius Cadmus 2 . 

Rich*^. Cartwright 3 . 

Stephen Delancey 6. 

Sam'. Stringer 1 . 

Henry Cuyler 4. 

John Fryer 1 . 

Charles Sullivan 4. 

Daniel Hewson Sen"^ 1 . 

Tho^ Hilton 1 . 

Nicholas Druley 2 . 

William & Peter Hilton 2 . 

Rich< Hilton 1. 

William Hilton Jun^ 1 . 

Henry Beaseley 4 . 

John Burgiss 4. 

John Hewson 2 . 

James Williamson 2 . 

Jn°. Price 1 . 

Aug : Bostwick 3 . 


Carried over 83 

Ebenezer Jessup & family 

M». Holland & Son 

Cap*. Pemberton 

M^». Hay 

M^ Lottridge at the Ferry 

352 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M^ Tunicliff & followers [ ] 

M^ Dorin I . 

Major Hogan & family 4. 

M^ Hogan in the Country 2 . 

Cap^ Cortlandt Schuyler 5 . 

Catharine Fryer 1 . 

Misses Eights [ ] 

William Randal & His Son in Law & wife 3 . 

Jn°. Milton I . 

M\ Bloore & v/ife 2. 

M^ Hoffman 5 . 

M■^^ Hun 1 . 

John Willis T . 

Mary Scot 1 . 

M^ Mullone T . 

Mary Burnsides 2 . 

M^^ Wilkinson 1 . 

M^ Trotter & family 6. 

Polly Atkinson at M^ Jessup's 1 . 

Betsey Crisp at Druley's 1 . 

M^ Peter Eights his wife, the Lawyer 1 . 

M--. Willett Jun^ 1 . 

a Young Man at M^ Mac Cews 1 . 

M^ Everson's Dau"" 1 . 

M^ Burke & Dau-^ 1 . 

Col'. Schuyler's Daughters 3 . 


Carried over 156 

M""- Munro's Family 

M'^^ Kidney & Son 

Cornelia Butcher 

M^ Williamson the Butcher & his wife 

Barnaley Winterscale & family 

Tho^ Bluer & his wife, English people 

Whites young & old 171 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 


NB : In the above 4. Blacks are counted thro' mistake 
N°. of Negro Aduhs & their Child" 


All the Souls now under my Care 22 1 . 

Losst by Death & Removals being 

the Choice of My Congregation — y 25 . 


Liberty Boys & Schismaticks — 9. 

Edward Willett paid 4. Sh. 

Tho^ Barret 6 . 

Daniel Hewson Jun"" 8 . 

Abr™. Yates 5 . 

Peter Brookes 4 . 

Patrick Clarke 16. 

James Pierce 12. 

Nicholas Burrington 8 . 

David Smith 8 . 

£3. .11. " 

[ ] in all Since my appointment 

Albany 345 . — 
The present number of Communicants. 
Communicants lost by Death 
Removals, Bankruptcies and 
other unavoidable Accidents 

Communicants deserted, & 
will not conform to the 
Church of England 

NB. Three of the above number 
have left the Church, because 
they were not permitted to 


In all 




354 Sir William Johnson Papers 

wrest the Government of it 
out of the Vestry's hands 
The other, because he co*^. 
not relish Bishops Tillotson 
Sherlock's, & Atterbury's writings, 
& because M^ Munro did not 
preach Spiritual Sermons. 

NB. Of the above number of Communicants 
Thirty have been made by me, or 
joined the Church, Since my appointment, 
and I had all the rest to reconcile & bring 
back, my predecessor having had but Three 
Communicants, when he last administered. — 


A. L. S. 

Bemiltasskottejang Dec'. 30^^ 1771 . 
Dear Wade 

I hope you have received my Letter of the 23^^. Ult°. by wich 
I Informed you, what passes at this Post. Sorry as I was at 
time, I could not help mentioning the Uneasiness I had for 
being Dissappointed of our Wishes and Expectations of Trade at 
this post. The few Indians coming hear now and than, assures 
me, that most part of the Indians were fare bak in the Woods 
yet, and would certainly trade hear in the Spring, that they were 
only paying their Credit to S*. John of what little Skins they had 
nov/, but in the Spring, is the principal Trade, & said not to be 
uneassy, that the Indians of this post belonged to me (in their 
Way of Expression) I assured them, I did not come hear only 
for one Winter, but that they might depend upon if the Trade 
would answer this Spring, I would Winter Severale Winters 
amongst them. That I always could informe them of good & 
bad News from down the Cuntry, because I received con- 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 355 

stantly, Letters from S'. W"". and my Uncle Obsiskajaskoush. 
A few days ago one Indian came hear, and told me S*. John 
sent a Belt amongst all the Indians about hear, with Tobacco 
and more Articles, invited them to come all to his House, that 
he had some Things of Consequence to communicate to them but 
I am certain it is only a finess, to make fair Speeches, and distribut 
presents amon[g]st them, to trade with him, I thought I had as 
good a Right, as M^ S*. John, therefore [ ] imetiatly a 

young Indian the Nephew of the Chief of the [ ] hear, 

with 8 Strings of Wampum some Tobacco and a Le[tter] 
to tell him to come hear as soon as possible, having some good 
News to communicate to him wich I received by a Letter last 
fall from Teronto when old Ballox came hear, but some Indians 
wi[th] a fin parcle of Trade told me, that Chief would come 
as soon as it was good going on Snow Shoes. I have now in 
the House ab'. 250 W' of prime Beaver, ab' 230"^ of perchment 
Skins, 42 Winter Otters, 52 Racconns, 422 Muskratts, 98 
Martins, 9 Fishers, &c. &c. I sent the French Men in Order 
to bring as much powder as you can possibly spear, for I have 
but a little better then quarter I brought along with me last fall, 
my Bullets are most all gone, for the Indians hear buys a great 
ill of that Article, If you have any Tobacco, sent me as much 
as the French Men can carry, for they will not looke at the 
Tobacco I brought, and that wich you sent by old Ballox is 
quite rotten. If I give them any, when they arrive hear, they 
smoke a little of it and they give it to me again, telling me it was 
like Grass wich lost me many Customers. You must gett the 
Frenchmen to make a little Slaight, he could carry great ill more 
then on his back. Sent me the 4 Bottles of Wine wich you 
forgott to sent me by the old Indian and a Httle Butter wich was 
left in the Shop. I forgott the last time, to ak's you to lett me 
know the [ ] that came in our last Boat wich is now stored 

at Niagara, and whether you have received any Letters since from 
S^ W"». or from down the Cuntry. I have nothing more to 
add, but wishing you a happy New Year, and hope you have 

356 Sir William Johnson Papers 

provided now for yourself a good bedfellow, which is a comp- 
fortible thing in this cold Nights. Give my particular Compli- 
ments to M^ V. and tell him I have latly seen his Comfrade] 

I am 

Dear Wade 
Your Sincere & humble Ser'^'. 

C Kreuser 
To M^ Ferrall Wade Esq-" 

P. S. 

I have sold all my Wampum to 2 Indians 
for 9 Winter Otters, and some Beavers. Silver Works 
I sell verry well if you can Spear any sent them 
by the french Men whom I think honest Men 
enough a far as I could see yet, he has not 
been trunnck but ons yet which was at Christmas, 
he bought one Bottle of Rum. I intend to sent 
a pretty large Cannoe, or the Battoe this Spring 
if possibly I can gett Hands to suplie me with 
more Goods and Neecessary's 
Sent me a little sealing Wax — 



M^ Ferrall Wade Esq-". 


Decb^30t\ 1771 — 

M^ Kreiuser's letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 357 


[Johnson Hall JanK /, 1772] 


[ ] that I shall [ 

twice lately, — By [ 

New Petition for the County [ 

mentioned, and I am sure, Void of any [ 

I have sent it to Capt De Lancey to [ 

transmitted, and I hope he will stirr [ 

kind promise, — Upon this occasion, [ 

will (as you know how it lyes) explain the [ 

you have an opportunity with him, or with any [ 

Gentlemen who [are Ignorant] may not be so well acq [uainted 

with the Geography of the Country, and as the People [ 

so sensible of the advantageous Stiuation of Johnst[own 

especially Since so many New and short roads have [been 

laid out from it as a Centre, Pray let it either be m [ 

in the Act, or left to the determination of the Magis [trates 

to pitch on a place without limiting any distance from [the 

Mohock River, — Indeed I find the people in general inchned 

to wish the Court House &ca fixed at Johnstown, from Some 

Advantages it possesses beyond any other Conven[ient] situation, 

and as there is plenty of Room for Enlargement together with a 

Large Stone Church Just finished, a Good G[ ] & a 

Parsonage House, — I have also Just finished another road at the 

desire of the People which goes into the New Settlement at 

[ '-] 

[ ] I am [ ] confident [ ] 

[ ] herein that I shall [ ] 

Honble Hugh Wallace Esq^ 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
^ Lines burned off. 

358 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S.^ 

London 2 Jan^. 1772 — 

I had the Honor of addressing You on the 10'^ Sept last W 
Capt Miller, since which have not been favor'd with any of Your 
Commands. — 

A report prevails that Lord Hilsborough is to go to Ireland 
as Lord Lieuten*. — & Lord Baringington to Succeed Him 
with American department — Lord Townsend to be in the 
Ordnance & Gen' Conway have some other Employ — I wont 
presume to say these reports are authentick but will Venture to 
Affirm that there will shortly be a Change with Vice Royship 
of Ireland. — 

Our Ability to go to War is our great Security against one — 
at present all Seems peaceable on this Side the Atlantic & if the 
King of Prussia remains Easy, it is probable that a tranquil 
System may continue — but I much fear the enterprising Genius 
of that Great Man — Lord North stands fix'd as Minister & 
if possible gains more & more upon the Confidence of the King 
as well as the People — all parties reverence His publick & 
private Character — 

I often wish for an opportunity of writing You upon a Subject 
that might be interesting & agreeable to You — I wish You 
would think me deserving of Your Confidence to place an object 
for that purpose — 

I was highly pleas'd with an Acco* which came from N York 
that my Friend Sir John was gone then upon a Scheme of 
Matrimony with Your approbation — I know few Gent* whose 

■^ The Johnson manuscripts contain an unsigned copy of this letter 
addressed to "Sir W™. Johnson Bar*. At Fort Johnson near Albany In 
the Care of Henry White Esqr March*. New York," and forwarded 
"m Rose Miler." 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 359 

Happiness I have more at Heart than His & on that Acd wish'd 
to See the report Confirm'd — You will do me a Favor by 
making my Resp*^ acceptable to Him & believing me to be with 
much Esteem 


Your obliged & most obedient 
Humble Servant 

John Blackburn 
addressed : 

S^ W"*. Johnston Bar*. 

at Johnson Hall 
^ pacquet 

London 2 Janry. 1 772 

1V1^ Blackburns letter — 


Johnson Hall Janr^. 2^ 1772 
Dear Sir, 

I have by this opportunily forwarded to Capt Ja^ Delancey, 
a Second Petition from the Inhabitants of this Country, for the 
Division of the County on which Subject Sir John and Col 
Johnson conferred v/ith you when they were at New York. The 
Advantages of the Division, as now proposed to the Landed 
People here, and the necessity there is for it from the vast Extent 
of the Old County, and the increasing State of the Inhabitants 
are so v/ell known here that the People are unanimous in their 
application. — I have thought it necessary to remind you of it 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

360 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as I am Extremely desirous of your friendship on the occasion, 
and I beg the favor of you to afford it all the Countenance which 
the reasonableness of the request deserves. — The Line of 
Division as now laid down does not in the least affect or obstruct 
any Scheme for farther division of Albany County or that of 
Ulster, and is in reality the only one that can be proposed as 
Elligable & Satisfactory to all parties, — The Greater part of 
the Inhabitants are desirous^ of having the Court House &c 
erected at Johnstown near this place, as there is a Church Par- 
sonage & sevl Houses already built there, and as there are now 
good roads leading from it to all parts of the Country. — If this 
place is not particularly Mentioned I could wish that the whole 
be Left to the direction of the Majority of the Magistrates. — 

I will not at present add more on this Subject but relying on 
your friendly assistance towards obtaining an Act Agreable to 
the Prayer of the Petition I remain with great regard 

The Honble 

Oliver De Lancey Esq"" 


Jany. 1772. 

To the Honble Oliv'' De Lancey 
Esq''. Concern? the New County. 


A. L. S. 

New York January 6''', 1772. 
Dear Sir 

Your favour of the 30*'^. October last came duly to Hand, 
and I should have answered it immediately, but was prevented 

^ On the margin of the manuscript is written "This paragraph may be 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 361 

by a violent Fit of the Rheumatism which disorder I have been 
grieviously afflicted with for upwards of 8 Months past; I have 
not made any application to the Brinkerhoofs, as I am well 
assurd it would be intirely needless. — I must now in the most 
earnest manner intreat your doing something towards settling my 
demand if possible, as I am under the most pressing circumstances 
immaginnable which has been in a great measure occasion'd by 
your disappointing me, as I was under the necessity of taking 
up a Sum of Money in the Year 1 762, for which I have paid 
Interest ever since. And for which Sum I am now sued, and a 
Judgment will be obtain'd against me the ensuing term, which 
commences the 21"'. Instant, when I expect a Jail will be my 
unhappy portion, if You do not assist me; This I flatter myself 
You will the More readily do, when You consider the great 
disadvantage which I must consequently have suffered, by the 
detention of so large a Sum, for which I have been obliged to 
pay an high Interest for these 10 years past, And at the same 
time, when You reflect upon the Lenity with which I have treated 
You upon all occasions ; and that great part of the Money which 
you owe me, is for Goods which I purchased for you without 
the least prospect of advantage; This was actually the Case with 
the Stockings, Soap, Candles, and the last 2 Hogsheads of Rum 
which I sent You, which I bought of another Person, and 
charged you no more than the prime Cost; and this I did with 
no other View, than to secure Your Custom, as I expected you 
would have been a very good one; and with regard to the 4 
Quarter Casks of Lisbon Wine, which I had to sell upon Com- 
mission for one M^ Bradford of Philadelphia, I accounted with 
him for the same so early as the year 1 762 ; and did not return 
it as an outstanding Debt, as I did not (at that time) in the 
least doubt your ability to pay me. — So that there is upwards 
of £94 — which I can safely say I have paid out of my Pocket, 
without having the least profit or advantage upon the same; add 
to this the Interest which I have paid, and which has almost 
eaten up the whole Sum. — and at the same time I can assure 

362 Sir William Johnson Papers 

upon my Honour That I never had the most distant thought of 
Arresting You nor should I have done it, at any rate, If I had 
not accidently discoverd that you w^ere already sued by the 
Brinkerhoffs — From all these circumstances, I think I may with 
a better Grace rely upon your Friendly assistance at this time, 
and especially when you will have the Satisfaction to reflect that 
you have been the means of preserving me and my Family from 
Ruin and distress. — If you cannot immediately settle it, some 
method might be fallen upon (by way of security) to accomodate 
the matter with the Persons who have sued me; This You may 
be able to effect perhaps by means of Sir William Johnson. — 
However I leave the Management of this matter intirely to 
Your Discretion and remain in the interim 

Your distressed Friend 
& Hum'. Serv'. 

John Lamb 
P. S. pray let me have 
an Answer as soon as possible. 



M^ Gilbert Tice 

To the Care of Doct^ John Constable 


N York Janry. 6'K 1 772 • 

M^ John Lambs letter 
to Gilbert Tice 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-V/ar Period, 1763-1774 363 

A. L. S. 

Detroit JanK 8^K 1772 

Dear Sir 

One of the Wiandots of Sandusky has last fall kill'd a Traders 
Servant — the Nation seem to be extreemly sorry on the 
occasion ; I have however insisted on having the Indian delivered 
up to me, but this I neither wish nor expect, because we have 
no power to punish the offender, & to deliver him back to the 
Nation will only make us out a ridiculous figure — They are 
constantly teazing me about the Bell for their Church, & are 
rather disatisfied that you did not send for the Chiefs last year, 
as they expected it from what you desired me to tell them — 

Some of the Traders will be sending people with Rum to 
their Villages contrary to my orders, & I as frequently prevail 
on the Chiefs to drive them away — at present M^ William 
Edgar & Collin Andrews are at the head of the disobedient, but 
I think I will be a match for them — Notwithstanding their 
Ungratefull behaviour two thirds of the Traders will acknowl- 
edge that I have been* the most indulgent Commd§- officer they 
ever had — They are a sad set for they would cut each others 
throats for a Racoon's Skin — I wish you & family the com- 
pliments of the season & am with esteem 

D-^ Sir 

Your most Obedient 
humble Servant 

Ja^ Stevenson 

S**. William Johnson Baronet 

364 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Detroit 8*^^. Janry. 1772 

Cap*. Stevensons letter 
ans-^d, April 28»K 1 772 
by Major Campbell. 


A. L. S. 

Albany Janr^ 10'^ 1772 
Honoured Sir 

Inclosed is the bounds of the Lands, as they are to be con- 
veyed to the purchasers, by the Indians According to Agreement, 
with a map also to shew the bounds as they are expressed, as 
Also I send the parchment For the Deeds, if their Should not 
be enough, will send more I believe there is nothing in the bounds 
but What is right in Every respect — 

Am Very sorry it is not in my powr to git a few barrels of 
Cyder, I have been to All the people in Town that used to have 
it to sell, and have seen only two Barrels, of bad Cyder, Very 
sour. Which I do not think propper to Send, and there is three 
barrels of that wich is very Good, left in the care of a Man 
here that will not sell it At any price untill he sees the owner ^ 
thereof — I will Buy it (if Posible) and sent it up as nothing 
Could Give me more pleasure, then really to be, what I have 
The Honour of Subscribing myself. Honoured Sir 

Your Most Obedient 

And Very Humble Servant 

Eben Jessup 
Sir William Johnson Bar*. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1 763-1 774 365 


The Honourable Sir William Johnson Bar'. 
To the care of 

Maj^ Fonda 
at Caughnawaga 


Johnson Hall 


Alby. Janry. 10tH772 

Letter from M"". E Jessup 
w'^ Sundry Inclosures 

Caughnawaga J any. ]5^^. 1 772 

Rec*^. and forwarded by Sir 
your most Obed'. Hum' Serv'. 

Edw^. Wall 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 498, is listed a letter of January 1 Ith, 
1 772, from Lord Hillsborough, Whitehall, to Lord William Campbell 
(copy), approving the choice of Mr Cunningham for Indian commissary 
in Nova Scotia (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:989; Q, 2:573.) 

PHYN & ELLICE's bill 


Schenectady 15^. Jan J 772 
The Honb'«. 

Sir William Johnson Barr^ 

Bo*, of Phyn & Ellice 

6'b Best Wayson Tea 27/ 8. .2. .- 

Canaster 5/6 Lock 1/9 7 . . 3 

£8. .9. .3 
* In Johnson's hand. 

366 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Janry. 15'^ 1772 

M^ Phyns Letter 
& Acc«.— 

A. L. S. 
Schenectady 15^'^ January 1772 


We are fav*^. with your letter of the 12'^. and are extremly 
glad you open'd the Packet with Letters from Niagara As You 
thereby Received your own some days the Sooner, We are very 
confident that letter for us which was open has not been look'd 
into, neither is it of any manner of consequence We therefore 
are sorry you troubled yourself to write concerning it 

With this you will be pleased to find 6"^ of Green Tea — The 
Tenuriff Wine we just now have is esteem'd good at least it ought 
to be so as it is the highest priced we ever had we cannot sell 
it under 5/6 W^ Gall; we have sent a Bottle for tryal if it 
pleases we can spare about |/2 a Pipe 

Please Accept of best Complements from all this famely & 
we have the Honor to be 


Your most Hum' Serv** 

Phyn & Ellice 

Sir W'^ Johnson 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 367 


A. L. S. 
New York January 18'^ ]T]2 — 


We received a few Days ago a Letter from M^ Ebenezer 
Jessup, acquainting us with the Terms on which we might have 
the Lands we want to purchase on the west Branch of Hudson's 
River; but we find them so different from what he had a Right 
to make in our Behalf, that instead of ratifying we take this 
earliest opportunity of revoking and disclaiming the same, and 
we beg you will not regard us as Parties in any Respect to 
M"^. Jessup's Agreement — 

We have empowered M^ Thomas Palmer to act for us, and 
he will be at the Hall early in the Spring to treat with you on 
the Subject of the Lands in Question. 

We cannot consent to unreasonable Prescriptions of a few 
over greedy Individuals if we should never get the Lands, 
although we would have no Objection to take them in as common 
Associates. — 

We hope to have nothing to ask but what will appear to be 
founded in Reason and Justice; and therefore cannot but assure 
ourselves of Your Countenance and Protection — 

We remain with the most profound Respect 

Your Most Obed'. Hb^. Servants 

Isaac Low, in Behalf of himself 
& his Associates. — 

(Sir William Johnson Baronet) 

368 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Jan-'y 18'h. 1772 

M^ Isack Low &ca 
Letter ag^*. M^ Jessup — 
rec'^. 27'1\ 

A. L. S. 

Albany J an'^K 18'^ 1772 — 
[ ] 

I have just now received yours — The process I have against 
Capt Tice in an Execution against his Body which is returnable 
in the Supream Court on Tuesday next Should Capt Tice there- 
fore be at Large on that Day when I must return him taken & 
Consequently in Custody — I am myself then immedeately 
Liable to pay this Debt, tho the Capt Tice should shortly after- 
wards be in actual Custody, your Honour can therefore easily 
see, that I make myself Liable to his Debt should I grant a 
Longer Indulgence. Yet I would do any thing in my power for 
Capt Tice, could it be consistant with my Duty and office — 

I am extreminly sorry that my Conduct in erresting M^ Davis 
at your House, has drawn on me your Displeasure, as I would 
not designedly on any Account be guilty of any known offence 
against you & you may Depend, Sir, that for the future I shall 
pay that respect to you as not to molest any person while in your 
House unless I have your Leave for so doing, and for what I 
have already done I must acknowledge my offence and hope 
for your pardon, I Remain — with the great', Asteem. — 
Honored Sir, your most obedient Humble 


Henry Ten Eyck Jun^ 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 369 



The Honourable Sir William Johnson Barone' 
At Johnson Hall — 

Alby. Janry. 18^. 1772 

The Sherriffs Letter 


A. L. S. 

[New York January 18, 1772] 

[The bill for the partition of Albany is so far advanced] 
that It is already under [commitment, and] I believe will 
soon pass. In [w^hich case, it will be] absolutely necessary to 
have the [new county] divided Into districts, I am so totally 
Igno[rant] of what a proper division would be that [I must] 
[en] treat You to furnish me with the bounds of [each. A] 
Clause in the bill Impowers the Justices [of the ne]w County 
together with the Supervizors to [raise a] sum not exceed- 
ing one thousand pounds for the pur [pose] of Erecting a Goal 
& Court house, hence the necess[ity] of Sending down a list 
of the persons proper to be commissioned which should be done 
as Early as possible, should you have any Commands whilst 
here I shall most readily Execute them. 

I am 

Your most obedient 
Humble Servant 

Ph. Schuyler 

Honorable SiR WiLLIAM JoHNSON Baronett 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Missing words supplied from Stone's Johnson, 2:349. 

370 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 

[NeiV York January 18, 1772] 


perfect it best as I am now able to [ 
Both If you have Thought as I thinck I [ 
Sent a Petition to the Governor in Council [ 
forward Your Desire as when the Assembly late [ 
Establishing the County of Cumberland it mett [ 
and is Since Exicuted by an Ordonance of Cover [ 
I am Perswaded Your Plan Can meet with no Obstacle [ 
quarter I only Mention this to Obviate the Delay that [ 
You May assure Yourself that I shall always be ready to [ 
that Can be for Your Interest or that of Your Family. 
Make My Compliments Acceptable to S"^ John & Cob Johnson 
[ ] beleive with the Truest Regard 

Dear Sir 

Your Affectionate Humble [ ] 

& Friend 

Oliver De Lancey 

To the Honb'« SiR Wm JohnsoN Bar* 
at Johnson Hall 


A. L. S. 

New York January 20'K 1772 

[ ] 

[ ] per M^ Ebits I have [ ] to which, 

I am sorry to inform [ ] in my power to stop the 

Execution [ ] the same (or rather a worse) situation 

^ Lines burned off. 


Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 371 

[ ] self being sued for upv/ards of £ 700 [ ] 

must immediately pay or go to jail as an [ ] will be 

serv'd as soon as the Supreme Court (which begins tomorrow) 
breaks up, and [ ] is the most melancholy circumstance, 

and [ ] which causes me the utmost pain & anxiety, is 

[that] my Aged Father and Father in Law are unhappyly 
involv'd in the consequences of this Affair, and must inevitably 
Share the same fate with me — From this Circumstance which 
is no ways exaggerated. You cannot think hard of the Steps 
which I have taken with You, which I never should have done, 
if I had not been obliged to it by the [ ] Cruel and 

pressing necessity. — I have ever endeavour'd to serve You, to 
the utmost of my Power, and would willingly do it now, if I 
could consistent with my own preservation — I have not to add, 
but that I am Still (as much as ever) your Friend 

& Serv*. 

John Lamb 
Mr Gilbert Tice 


M^ Gilbert Tice 
at Johnstown — 
In the 

County of Albany 
per fav"". ^ 
M^ Kbits ^ 


N. York 20th. janry. 1 772 

M^ J". Lambs letter 
to Tice — 

In Johnson's hand. 

372 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A^ York J any 20^K 1772 
My dear Sir Wm 

The Post not coming in (as it ought to have done) last Night, 
& arriving whilst I was in the House, I am only allowed a 
Moment to acquaint you that S*^ John is well, & that I have not 
yet had time to thank those who have shewn many Civilities to 
the Children, so that you may Judge how strict the Attendance 
of the House is at present — With the help of some friend I this 
day got (on his pet".) £30 for poor McGinnis who lost his 
Arm, — the Votes that go to you by this opportunity, contain 
only the beginning of our buisness, it now thickens upon us. — 
I shall write you so Soon that I must of necessity now deferr 
adding more than my Sincere Wishes for your health & happi- 
ness. My earnest wishes to hear from you, as this post brot me 
only a few lines from Br^ Claus, & to assure you I am with 
true regard 

my dear Sir 

Y^ Affect'^ 

G Johnson 
I am twice called for to dinner, 
rem"", me to D^ Dease &c — 
The Trial at Rhode Island makes 
much Noise — also a new Money bill we 
have in hand, to prevent Counterfeiting. 
Nothing shall be neglected thats comitted 
to me — 

S"". John Offers his kind Duties & Consent has been ask'd in his 
Affair on wch I congratulate you 

1 In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 373 


To Sir Will"". Johnson Bart 
Johnson Hall 

Tryon County 

Wednesday 20'^ Janrx. 1 773 

Co'. Guy Johnsons letter 


A. L. S.2 

A^en; york Jarr^: 20^^: 1772 

I thank you for your Letter of the 23'^'^: Ul'"": and for the 
opinion you have given me. 

The Licentiousness of our Frontier Inhabitants no doubt often 
lead us into Scrapes, and may be the Means of inducing Many 
Indians to join against Us in Case of a War, but their behavior 
can in no shape affect the Nations on the ouabache or the 
Pouteatamies, who are the only Nations complained of and who 
every year commit Hostilities against Us, and will certainly con- 
tinue Murdering and plundering our People, unless Something 
is done to prevent it. Talks, Advice, and even Threats have 
hitherto proved ineffectual, and the only hopes of reducing them 
to pacifick Measures without usmg Forceable Means, arise from 
the Messages lately Sent to Sioto from the Six Nations. It may 
be proper to wait the Event of those Messages, as it's probable 
that the Indians will resolve Nothing till their Messengers return 
with an Account of their Negotiations; which it's to be hoped 
they will do in good time, as the Traders v^th their Goods, and 
Detachments with Stores of all kinds, generaly leave Fort-Pitt 
to go to the Ilinois the Middle or End of March. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

374 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Your observation of the uncertainty how the War might 
increase if began in one Quarter is no doubt a just one, and Your 
Advice as good for posting the Militia. As to the first we must 
in all Situations of the kind use our Endeavors for the best, and 
trust a good deal in Fortune. But to Judge from past Trans- 
actions of our Own Conduct, I fear that Danger would not be 
Seen till it came to our Doors, and that the Precaution you 
advise about the Militia would not be taken till a great deal of 
Mischief was done. 

The Complaints of the Cherokees against the ouabache & 
Miamie Indians is a lucky Circumstance, and if found Necessary, 
May be turned to advantage. 

I hear Nothing more of the Meeting of the Provincial Com- 
missarys for the Settling the Indian Trade, I was told they would 
assemble here for certain last Month, or this. The King has 
taken Indian Affairs and their Expences upon himself, and I 
imagine the Provirxes not very desirous of meddling with them. 

I wish you the Compliments of the Season and am with great 

Dear Sir, 

your most obedient 

humble Servant. 

Tho^ Gage 

S'^: W"': Johnson Bar^: 


Janry. 20»K 1 772 

Genr'. Gages letter 
rec^. 9^^. Feb'-y. 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, I763-J774 375 


Inferior Court of Common Pleas 

Of the Term of December in the year of our Lord one 
thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy two — 

Tryon ss. Sir William Johnson Bart. Complains of James 
Davis otherwise Called James Davis of Johnstown In the 
County of Tryon and Province of New York Hatter in Custody 
&c of a Plea that he Renders unto him Two Hundred and thirty 
two pounds fourteen Shillings & seven pence Lawfull Money of 
New York which the said James owes to the said Sir William 
Johnson & unjustly detains from him for this to wit that Whereas 
the said James Davis on the twenty sixth day of November in 
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & seventy 
two at Johnstown in the County of Tryon and within the Juris- 
diction of this Court by his Bill Obligatory Sealed with the Seal 
of the said James and to the Court — Now here Shewn the date 
whereof is on the same day & year Aforesaid Acknowledged 
himself to be Indebted unto the said William Johnson by the 
Name of the Honb^^. Sir William Johnson Bart, in the Sum of 
one Hundred & Sixteen pounds seven Shillings & three pence 
to be paid to the said Sir William Johnson on the first day of 
December then Next ensuing after the date of the said Bill and 
to the said Payment well & truly to be made the said James, 
by the said bill firmly bound himself his Heirs Executors and 
Administrators, and every of them in the said Sum of Two 
Hundred & thirty two pounds fourteen Shillings and Seven pence 
and the said Sir William Johnson in fact says that the said James 
did not on the first day of December pay to the said Sir William 
Johnson the said Sum of One Hundred & sixteen pounds seven 
Shillings and three pence half penny which upon that day he 
ought to have paid him According to the form & Effect of the 

^ In collection of Hall Park McCullough, North Bennington, Vt. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

said Bill whereby an Action hath Acrued to the said Sir William 
Johnson to demand & have of the said James the said sum of two 
Hundred And thirty two pounds fourteen Shillings & seven 
pence Nevertheless the said James Davis altho often required 
&c hath not paid the said sum of Two Hundred & thirty two 
Pounds fourteen Shillings & seven pence to the said Sir William 
Johnson but hitherto hath Refused & Still doth refuse to pay the 
same to the Damage of the said Sir William Johnson fifty Pounds 
& thereof he brings this Suit &c 


Silvester for Pt^. 
D. Davis for DeO 

es — 

County of Tryon ss. Sir William Johnson Bart, puts in his 
place Peter Silvester his Attorney against James Davis otherwise 
Called James Davis of Johnstown in the County of Tryon & 
Province of New York Hatter in a Plea of Debt &c 


Tryon Court of Common Pleas 

The Honble. S 
Johnson Bart.- 

James Davis 

ir William 


^ Penal 

Silvester Atty. 
to be fyled 
Filed 21 Jany. 




A. L. S. 

Albany 22^. January 1772 

Your favour of the 20^. Ins^ have rec*^. ^ Cap'. Tice with 
request to grant him the Corperation Councilroom, during his 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 377 

Confinement, which am Sorry is not in my power to indulge as 
the Corperation have sometime ago resolved not to Suffer any 
Person that may be so unfortunate as to be Confined in Prison 
to have the use of that room, for reason that it has been much 
Abused & damaged formerly when such indulgence was granted, 
we have since the resolve of the Corperation often been Apply'd 
to for the room by good decent people but have been denyed. 
I had indeed taken upon myself to allow Cap'. Tice the use of 
the room for a Week in which time he told me was in hopes 
he would be released from his Confinement, but imediately upon 
my grants, him this liberty. Application was made by others 
Confined for the Same Priveledge, whereupon the Corperation 
resolved upon their former resolution; you may be Assured had 
this matter been at my Sole Option I wou'd have Comply'd 
with your request. I am with due respect. 

Your Oblidged & Ob*. Humb'. Serv*. 

Abri^. C. Cuyler 

To the Hon'. 

Sir W". Johnson Barn*. &c 



The Hon'. Sir WilHam Johnson Barn*. &c 

Johnson Hall — 

The Mayor of Alby^ 
Letter concerning 
Cap'. Tice — 

In Johnson's hand. 

378 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Albany the 23 Jenuary 1772 

as I am only Confind on M^ Lambes Exacution I beag & pray 
of you to fall on Sum means or other to Git me hom again as 
Soon as possibel that is with Saiftey to your Self — I Dar Say 
by what M"". Lamb has rote me in this Letter I Send you he 
will Com to veary Esey terms 

tho I may have A moor favarabell one by Ebit — pleas to 
Give my Compliments to the Gentelmen at the Hall & there 
about — 

I will Asteam it A partickler faver if you will pleas to Call 
at my houes as often as Convenent to you — for my wiff was 
verey much Cast Down when I Left hom & your Caling I Dare 
Say will Chear hur up — I am with the Grates respect your 
mos obedient & verey humbel Sarvent 

Gilbert Tice 
To Sir William Johnson 


Janry. 23^. 1 772 — 

Cap*. Tices Letter — 


A. L. 5. 

Teronto Jan^K 27'K 1772 
My Dear Sir W". 

Since I done my myself the Honour of Writing you Last, 
I have [heard] Several times from M^ Keiuser, two of his 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 379 

Letters You have Inclosed, as soon as his Man Arrived hear I 
Dispatched the Man I have with him to Carry the Necessarys 
that he Wanted. I am Certain the trade at his place will 
Answer M^ Keiusers Letter by my Man Dated Jan'^y. 8*^ — • 
Informs the Indians has told him that the Johnsons are bad 
people for they drink with the Savages and are Constantly 
Drunk, they further Informed that Johnson has wrote a Letter 
to him which an Ind". had on the Way, and that they were 
Starving where they are, it quite Different with Us, if Any- 
thing M"" Keiuser is in a more plentifull place than I. Venison 
Ducks Geese, and Salmon within Eight yards of the house where 
there is a fine fall of water [ ] Such plenty of Salmon 

that the Man [ ] them Ashore by hand. Even the Dog 

brings them Ashore, this is Certainly truth any One that Came 
In Our houses now, would think we kept a Butchers Stall Lined 
v/ith Meat we Get it in Season. In short we have Enough to 
do with it. Since Christmas day Last I have not been without 
an Indians In the House One Night, you may judge whal 
provisions they must Consume, we have Sickened the french man 
back of Us, he p*^. Us a Visit New Year with four Ind"^ they 
ab^ 50"^ Beaver & 10 Otters, he Came to my house and Con- 
tinued three days, he told Us he would go to the Mississipee for 
that he Could do no more back for the Ind"^ all Comes hear 
the Ind"^ told him to his face that he stole from them but ths 
English did not, he is half Ind". himself. I treated him Well 
& made him pay as Well. I made him give me Six Large 
Beavers for a three Gall". Cag rum it was all he bought. We 
will Certainly have a great trade this spring and I think we have 
Made a Good fall trade I am sure as Good as Any on the Com- 
munication, I Out Run the Dutchman no Odds, all though all 
there Cunning he has got but 5 C' of Leather and 2 packs of 
Beaver & Purrs. Inclosed You have a List of the peltry & furrs 
we have Now and there is An Ind". just now Arrived with a 
pack but Cant tell the Contents I would be Glad to know whether 
Your Honour took the Goods we Sent down Last Summer I 
have drew out an Exact List of Our debts we Owe £ 1 200 

380 Sir William Johnson Papers 

& odd — we have Nigh £ 1000 In Pehry & furrs M'. Keiuser 
has a Good Deal of Goods, I have a Large shop full besides the 
Battoe that Campbell sent up Last fall which is stored at 
Niagara I am not the Least Afraid but that we will send 
£ 1 800 or £ 2000 — worth if not more Down In the Spring 
My Compliments of the Sason to Sir John & the Rest of your 
Family and believe me to be 

My Dear Sir W™. 

Your Ever Most Oblidged 

Most Obedient Hum: Serv'. 

Ferrall Wade 

Janry. 27»h. 1772 — 

M^ Ferrall Wades letter 
with Sundry Inclosures 
Ans^^. — 


A. D. 

A List of What we have at present ]an^^ 27 , 1772 

500 tt of prime Leather £370 

700 d°. Beaver d° 350 

500 & Odd Martins 75 

120 Otters 120 

200 & Odd Raccoons 15 

800 & Odd Ratts 20 

26 Fishers 10. .0 

1 Foxes 2 

40 Odd Bear Skins 16 

2 Beaver Blk»^ 6 

a few Otter pouches^ ^qq/1 
1 Beaver Eater ( 

'^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Inclosed in Ferrall Wade's letter to Johnson, Jan. 27, 1 772. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 381 


List of w'. skins Ferral 
Wade has now by Him 
Janry. 1772 — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 499, is listed a letter of January 27th 
to Rev. Charles Inglis on the means of placing Mrs Ellis on the list of 
beneficiaries of a fund for ladies whose connections have served the state, 
Johnson's want of influence in Ireland, Dr. Cooper's mission to England 
and the growing reputation of N York College (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., 4:472-73; Q, 4:283-94.) 


Alboney th'. 28 Jenuary 1772 — 

[ ] 

I have received a Nother Letter from M^ Lamb by Ebit wich 
I Send to you — by what he rites & what he Said to Ebit & 
pamberton I Donte think it will be of aney Sarves to me to be 
in Confindment aney Longer therefore the Suner Som meathid 
is taking for me to Git horn the Suner I Shall be abel to Git in 
my Deats & Discharge part of m"" Lambs Deat. for pamberton 
Sais if one half is paid Soon the other half [ ] for Six 

months — I [ ] aske m^ yates advice who Tells me 

a Line from Si"^ william to the Shirff that the money will be paid 
in Such a time will be Suflicent for the Shirff to Let be' Be 
at Liberty to Com horn — as for the Brinckerhoffs they will 
willingly throo up the Lands by having the money paid them in 
aney Sarten time — I have Nothing moor to ad at present only 
remain your most obedien most humbel Sarvent 

Gilbert Tice 
Sir WILLIAM Johnson 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Intended for "me." 

382 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson Hall JanK 29^K 1772. 

I am favored with your Letter wherein you disapprove of the 
proceedings of M^ Jessup in the late Agreements for the Pur- 
chase of Lands here, — 

M^ Jessup having been sevl times with me & having produced 
to me Orders of Council & Sundry other [au]thorities to Justify 
his Application, which he represented [to me] on behalf of 
Sundry Gentlemen of Character, & amongst them Yourself & 
some others v/hom I should be inclined to Serve. I accordingly 
gave him My Interest, & not only took great pains with the 
Indians to bring them to Terms which were Judged very reason- 
able but actually gave up a Large part of a purchase I had 
made sometime ago & that without any restitution. Neither 
had I or any of my Connections the Smallest Concern with him 
or any other person in it. — 

Whatever Prescriptions have been made I know only of a 
Tract which I told him had been engaged above a y^ ago to 
some Gent by the Ind^ with which I had nothing farther to do. 
I shall therefore be glad you will Inform me what were the 
Terms he had power to offer on your behalf, & wherein or how 
he has deviated from his Instructions as I should be sorry to find 
that the Indians were trifled with, or myself Imposed on, where 
I meant to do a disinterested Act founded on friendship for the 
parties who v/ere said to be concerned. 

I am with regard 
Sir, &c 
M"^. Isaac Low 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 383 


Jany. 29'h 1 772 — 

To M^ Isaac Low 

Concerning the great Indian purchase. 


[Johnson Hall January 29, 1772] 


[ ] proper Division [ 

[ ] and agreable to your [ 

A Sketch of such Divisions as will I [ 

most Convenient and agreable to the present [ 

population. — The Justices &c for the [ 

Must I suppose be as Usual recommended to [ 

the Governor, that a Commission may issue according [ly 

This I presume has nothing to do with the Act, but It should 

be done speedily that no time may be Lost In the carrying the 

Act into Execution, a list shall therefore be sent as soon as 


I dare say that yourself & such other Gentlemen as are 
Advocates for the Act will take sufficient Care of the Necessary 
Offices &c so that I need not to Enlarge. A Second pet", 
went from hence to N York about 1 6 days Since, Pointing 
out the Mohock branch of Delaware &c for its Southern 
boundary. In case any farther objection might have been made 
to the former I don't know from your Letter whether It was 
then before the House, but if it came late It can make little 
alteration, as it only differed from the former in one place, which 
it was Conjectured would render it more agreable. I cannot 

''■ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
^ Lines burned ofl. 

384 Sir William Johnson Papers 

think of troubling you with any thing farther at present but 
Assure you that I am &c 

[ ] Schuyler 




north as far as the [ 

South to the South bounds of [ 

North & South Line crossing the [ 

2'^. The Second or Stone Arabia Dis[trict 

the North Side of the River bounded [ 

the West bounds of the last ment^. District [ 

former & westerly by a North & South Line to Cross the 

Mohawk [at] the Little falls. 

3^. The Third or Conajoharee District to be bounded North 

by [the] Mohock River, South by the bounds of the County, 

[ ] West bounds of the first ment*^. Dis' & West 

by the [ ] Line to be Continued South from the 

little Falls — 

4'^. The Fourth or Kingsland District to be bounded South 

by the Moh''. Riv^ Easterly by a North Line from the Little 

falls, & Westerly as far as the Settlements Extend 

5^^. The Fifth or German flats District to be bound Northerly 

by the Mohock River, Easterly by the Line to be Continued 

from the little falls &, Southerly as far as the Co. Extends. 

Westerly by the boundary Line Settled with the Ind*. at the 

Gen' Treaty in 1 768 — & for the Collecting Taxes &c That 

the Inhabitants of each District do yearly on the 1^*. Tuesday 

^ Inclosed with Johnson's letter of Jan. 29 to Colonel Philip Schuyler. 
^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 385 

in April to Elect & Appoint a freeholder to be a Supervisor, 
Two Assessors & one Collector in every Precinct or District in 
said Co: — 


Draft of Boundaries of 
Precincts or Districts of the 
New County, 

Jany 1772 — 


An autograph letter of January 29th, 1 772, from Johnson at Johnson 
Hall, to Governor [Richard] Penn, of Pennsylvania, was sold by 
Henkels, in Philadelphia, Pa., at the H. R. Hervey sale on January 29th, 


Johnson hall Jany 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

Since my last the second Petition for the division of the 
County having been Signed by as many as were thought neces- 
sary of the Principal freeholders &ca in this Country was 
remitted to me, and I now send it as I did the last to Capt Ja*. 
De Lancey, to be Laid before the House. 

The Manner in which the Line of Division is proposed in this 
last Petition, will remove any objection that might possibly have 
arisen against it before, as it does not in the smallest degree 
preclude the settling any Line of Division between Albany & 
Ulster, or Indeed any Title, or Claim whatsoever. The People 
are in general extremely desirous to have the County Court house 
&ca at Johnstown, as I have now Compleated Roads from it 

^ In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

386 Sir William Johnson Papers 

throughout the Country which are much shorter and more Con- 
venient than any others, and as so many Houses are aheady 
erected with a Church Parsonage House & Glebe annexed to 
it, Indeed it possesses many other advantages, and if it is Chosen 
for that purpose, I shall readily contribute to its farther Improve- 
ment, & to the erecting the necessary Edifices &ca. — Upon this 
occasion, I must request the favor of your friendship, so that 
in case the place before mentioned is not mentioned, It may be 
Left to the discretion of the Majistrates or the Majority of them 
to fix on the proper Situation for the Courthouse &ca, without 
any Limitation of Distance &ca. 

I persuade myself that you will afford this application all the 
Countenance in your power, which will afford great satisfaction 
to the Generality of people hereabouts, and much oblige Dear 

Your sincere friend & &ca 
The Honble J Watts Esq^ 


L. 5.1 


Spring Garden 

4 FebK 1772 
Dear Sir 

This trouble is given you by the neglect of Captain Roberts, 
who has presuming upon your Credit, got from me Fifty Pound 
Sterling, which I desire you will be so good, as to remitt, or 
see me paid, in which you will greatly oblige 

Dear Sir, 
Your most Hble Serv' 

Tho Penn 
Sr W" Johnson 

1 Another manuscript copy of this letter is in the possession of Mrs 
Flora Warren Semour, member of the Board of Indian Commissioners, 
Chicago, III. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 387 


Sir William Johnson Bar' — 

Johnson Hall 

New York — 

Spring Garden Febry. 
4tK 1772.— 

M'. Tho^ Penns 


for £ 50 Strlg. to U. Roberts — 


Albany 5'^ February 1772 — 


Recieved yours of the 30'^. Last wherein I find by the contents 
of your Letter that you would be Glad to know how much that 
Suit is of M^ Lamb against M^ Tice, the Execution I have 
against him of M^ Lamb amounting to Three hundred and Sixty 
one pounds, and as for the time & terms that M^ Lamb would 
give M^ Tice I do not know, for I never had a Line from M^ 
Lamb concerning the Affair, I would have wrote to M^ Lamb 
concerning the affair. But M^ Tice desired me not to do it, 
as he had wrote him Self, concerning the Affair to M^ Lamb & 
that he Expects an Answer with M^ William Pemberton — I 
cannot take it upon my self to Release M^ Tice unless that I 
have a Discharge of M^ Lamb or his Attorney if I was to take 
it on my Self to Discharge M^ Tice I would then immediately 
make my Self Liable to M^ Lamb to pay the Money the 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

388 Sir William Johnson Papers 

moment that he is out of Custody, he is also in at a suit of 
Neicholas Low. which Suit M^ Tice tould me him Self amount- 
ing to Eighty or ninty Pounds, but the Suit of M^ Low would 
not keep him in Provided the Suit of M^ Lamb was Settled, 
for he might get any person to Enter into Special Bail at the 
Suit of M^ Low — 

I Remain Hono'^ 

Sir your most obedient 

Humble Servent 

Henry Ten Eyck Jun"" 



The Hono^ Sir William Johnson Baronet — 
at Johnson Hall 


Alby. Febrx. 5'h. 1 772 

The Sheriffs letter — 
reC^. 9^\ — 



L. S. 

Albany 5 Feb. 1772 


We have taken the liberty of Appointing Johnson Hall to be 
the place of Balloting for some lotts of Land under your Inspec- 
tion, using part of the Hosack Patent, a Survey & partition of 
which have been made last fall agreeable to Act of Assembly 
wherein we are Commissioners, and hope it will not be too much 
trouble for you to meet us at M"^ Tice's on the day of Balloting 

In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 389 

of which the Newspapers will Acquaint you. We are with due 


Your most obedient 
Humble Servants 

volckert p. douw 
Peter Lansingh 
John Macomb 
The Hhbl Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Alby. 5th. Febry. 1 772 

Volckert P. Dow, Peter 
Lansing & J". MacComb 


Albany th 6 February 1772 

[ ] 

I received booth your Letters by M^ pamberton & agrabel to 
your advice rote to my Creditters in New Yorke by pamberton 
& Desired them all to Let me know by him what they would 
Dow — I also Desired them to Send me there accounts in fool 
that I mite know what I was in Deat. — the Shirff has No ordors 
from aney of them to prosead in aneything — he told me this 
Day that the Brinckerhoffs he was Sure would throw up the 
Lands & wate A year with Good Sacurity — poor Lamb is So 
Distrest him Self that I Donte know what he will Dow, tho I 
Dare Say by his riting he will be as favorabel as he possibel 
Can — I have heard that Carril is Going away — he is in Deat 
to me £23.. 2.. 6 on a Balence of account wich he & I 
Setteled but a Short time befoor I Left hom — if you Can aney 

390 Sir William Johnson Papers 

way Stop that Sum it would much abhge me as it is too much 
to Lus — other ways if you think proper I will arest him — 
before he Goos — onless he Can Give Sacurity pleas to Give 
my Compliments to the Gentlemen — I remain your most 
obedient must humbel Sarvent 



Sir WILLIAM Johnson 


[ ] 6*. 1 772 

M^ Tices letter 


A. D. 5.2 

Febr^ &K 1772 

This Day I setded all the Bonds which Cap'. Christopher 
Yates had from M^ Arent Brat, Amounting to F ^ Hun- 

dred, Seventy One Pounds, Twelve Sh[illings]^ & Six pence, as 
^ Settlement made last Ye[ar]^ in May, when S'^. Brat Signed 
a Mortgfage]'' to Said Yates for the above Sum, the Inte[rest]^ 
of which Sum from the Day it was ex[ecuted]^ is not 
accounted for as yet — 

W Johnson 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In possession of Horace S. Van Voast, Schenectady, N. Y. 

^ Manuscript torn. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 391 



New York Febry. 7. 1772. 
M« Gilbert Tice 

We have Recv^. your Letter of the 3 1 **. January & are Sorry 
for your Confinement in Goal in which we have no hand, you 
Say you Can pay us our whole Debt in one Year & give us good 
Securety We have wrote to Major Fonda on that head & 
offered to take his bonds for our Respective Debts payable in 
Six Months with Interest — this we are Determined to abide 
by, we Care Nothing for your Sale of the Lands to Major 
Fonda, the Law will Support us in the Title to them, yet if he 
will Comply with our proposalls we will Give you a full Dis- 
charge therefore to prevent our farther proceedings we Expect 
your Speedy Answer, otherways Shall proceed as the Law 
Directs we are your 

Hhb'. Serv•^ 


M^ Gilbert Tice 
In Goal In 



New York Febry. 7*^^ 1 772 

Mess". Brinckerhoofs 
Letter to Cap*. Tice 

Written by Dirck Brinkerhoff. 
In Johnson's hand. 

392 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

Albany th 8 February 1772 
Dear Sir 

I received your Letter this morning by your post — I Sent 
you tow Letters yesterday by Cap*, honson one from the Shirff 
the other mine — wich I hope you have Got Saif befoor this 
Time — I menshened in my Letter that I had rote to my 
Creditters by M^ pamberton & by him I hope to have Agreabel 
answers from them all — wich I Shall Let you know 
Imedietly — am afrade I Shant Se Johnstown befoor pam- 
bertons return Tho it would be a hapey Site to me if I Could 
Se it tomorrow — & I am verey Sensabell I Should if it was in 
your power to help me there — wich I hope will be Soon — and 
as I am Sure of your frindship for me & my intrist in Every 
Respect I Shante Disspar — 

I am your verey humbel Sarvent 

Gilbert Tice 

To Sir William Johnson 

addressed : 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall 


Feb^y. 8«h 1 772 — 

Cap*. Tices letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 393 


A. L. S. 

[Feb. 8, 1772] 

I have the Honor of your Favor of 29'''. Ult. desiring to know 
the Terms M^ Jessup had Power to offer in my Behalf, and 
wherein, or how he had deviated from his Instructions relative to 
the Lands proposed to be purchased of the Indians; which I 
shall answer in as explicit a Manner as I can 

M^ Jessup was frequently with me, representing in the 
warmest Manner that the Purchase would in all Probability 
come much cheaper if made jointly, than seperately; I therefore 
told him that I would for my own Part have no Objection to 
pay my Proportion of the purchase money, as I supposed would 
also the other Parties concerned : but I took for granted he would 
have waited on them and taken their Instructions (if not their 
Power of Attorny) before he undertook actually to make the 
said Purchase. — So far however from having a Power of 
Attorney, or even Instructions, he never spoke to either of the 
other Parties (as I have since been informed) except M^ 
Banyer, and that only in the general Terms I have mentioned. 

Yet, had he confined himself to the Purchase of the Lands 
only at a certain Rate, no Fault had probably been found with 
him: but he has not only attempted to curtail us in our Quantity 
of Land, but to yield up to others what we conceive to be the 
most valuable Part of it, and therefore we can by no Means, 
consent to ratify his Agreement which he had not the least 
Shadow of Right to make for us. — 

M^ Fonda and M^ Glen sent down Petitions about a Year 
ago to the Governor & Council for Part of the Lands we have 
several months before obtaining a License from that Board for 
purchasing of the Indians which I suppose may be the Tract 
you allude to, as having been promised by the Ind*: but as we 

394 Sir William Johnson Papers 

were the first Petitioners we conceive we have a prior Right. — 
Nevertheless, so far from desiring to avail ourselves of any 
Preference; those Gentlemen and as many others as you chuse 
are extremely welcome to be concerned with us in any reasonable 
Quantity they may want, which we flater ourselves is as much 
as you will conceive they ought to have 

I am extremly obliged by the favourable mention you are 
pleased to make of me, and shall be proud of all Occasions of 
cultivating your Friendship to, Sir 

Your most Obed'. Hbl^. Servant 

Isaac Low 
(Sir William Johnson Baronet) 


FebT. S^. 1 772 — 

M^ Isaac Lows letter 


A. L. S. 

Nen>-York Feb. 8, 1772 

I now by M\ Pemberton send you all the Votes that are yet 
printed. The Ordnance you wrote for is not to be had at 
present, but in Case I can procure One by any Means the same 
shall be sent you by Sir 

Your humble Servant 

Hugh Gaine 

P. S. The Votes preceeding 
those I now transmit 
you, were sent by a 
Messenger Some Time 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 395 



Hon. Sir William Johnson, Bar* 


Johnson Hall 

Feb'-y. 8th. 1 772 _ 

M'. Hugh Gaines letter 


[New York February 8, 1772] 

[ '\ 

Wednesday. I find those ] 

its missing, for all the Men [ ] 

have spoke to about it, seem p [leased to] have an Oppertunity 
to serve [ ] you — You never mentioned the [ ] 

you v^ould have it called. I shall [ ] to call it 

Johnson County. You [ ] do well to write the 

Governor for a [ ] of Officers — There must be Four 

Judges, Six Assistant Justices, or Justices of Quorum & 10 or 
1 2 Justices of the Peace — A Sheriff, A Clerk, A Coroner — 
I have paid M"" Pemberton the One hund'^ Pounds for you 
& shall send you Money by the first good Oppertunity — We 
have no News here. The December Mail is hourly expected, 
tho' I dont think we shall have any News by it. 

[ '] 

I am respectfully 

Your most obed* Serv' 

Hugh Wallace 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Lines burned off. 

396 Sir William Johnson Papers 

] is so busy with 
]mbly, I could not get 
] d for the Adego Lands 
] to send you but shall 
] first good safe Hand — 

Sir Wm Johnson Bar* 
Johnson Hall. 

A. L. S. 

New York [February 8, /772] 
Dear Sir William 

I yesterday received your Letter [ ] 

regret much the Loss of my Good Friend M"^ [ ] 

to M"^* Mortier what he has left. I am much [ ] 

that it might prove advantageous to me, but [ ] 

Expectations myself. 

The County Bill is I understand pretty [ ] 

upon as to your part of the Business — and unless the [ ] 

of a Northern County on the East side at Hudsons River from 
[ ] Kill Northwards creates any Difficulty will I think 

not [ ] Some in, and many out of the House are for 

having this [ ] County included in the Bill, and to 

effect it, may still [ ] that they shall go hand in 

hand — If the Bill should pass [ ] consequent Steps 

are, an Ordinance for establishing a Court [of] Sessions & 
Common Pleas — and of course the appointment of Judges, 
Justices, Clerk and Sherif. Of these none so important as the 
Clerk, as it is unusual to remove that Officer — He should be 
a Man of some Property, great Share of Integrity and of some 
Knowledge, especially in the Business proper to his Department 
you will otherwise have great Blunders committed. — I would 
therefore recommend some young Attorney as few other are 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 397 

qualified for it and the Appointment will not afford a Deputy — 
Lawyers among you there will be plenty of; his being of that 
Profession will therefore be no ways disadvantageous in that 
respect, especially if he is a good Man. I know no Body to 
recommend to you. 

With respect to Jessup's Purchase, I do not precisely know 
the Objection they have to his Conduct. I understand it arises 
from his giving up to others the Cream of the Lands he pur- 
chased or was to have purchased for M^ Low and associates — 
They have no objection against those other Gentlemen coming 
in with them for the Quantity they want, provided [ ] 

as to qualify with the others — I shall [ ] the 

petition for 20000 Acres more or less — [ ] is gone to 

England stated your Account that [ ] 

1772 he makes in your Favour 778.. 16.. 2 1/7 — Curr^ 
[ ] has received £500 Currency, and your Order 

of [ ] Claus on Hugh Wallace Esq: for £40 

has been [ ] — I shall deliver to M^ Wallace a Copy 

of your [ ] you and pay him the Balance by M". 

Mortiers Order [ ] only acting Executor — In June 

last in Consequence of [ ] a former letter of yours I 

advanced £ 112 . . 14. . 1 1 1/2 for M-" Adems's [ ] 

Patent to William Bayard and others for 50,000 Acres — As 
[ ] much I should be glad of your Order on M^ 

Wallace for [ ] which he can pay me out of the 

Balance he is to receive of [ ] Mortier Ex"" of 

Abraham Mortier. I had intended this Sum to have payed the 
Expence of the Purchase made in the Name of Bergen, but 
[I] must get that by other Means Time enough to be paid 
when the Governor comes up which I believe will be in the 
Beginning of June — Pray present my Compliments to Sir John 
& the other Branches of your Family and believe me to be as 

your affectionate & 

obed*. Servant 

G^ Banyar 

398 Sir William Johnson Papers 



The Honorable Sir William 
Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 

N York Feby S^ 1 772 

M'. Banyars letter 


A. L. 5. 

Albany 11 
FebK 1772. 

At the particular Request of M^ Gilbert Tice, who is now in 
Confinement, I trouble you with a few Lines concerning his 
Releasement from Prison. 

The debt he owes Brinkerhoffs, he says, Major Fonda is to be 
liable for &c. 

So that the only remaining Difficulty will be the Demand of 
Lamb, being as the Sheriff informs me £362 for which M''. 
Ritzema Lambs Attorney, by his Letter to me of the 7^. Inst, 
desires good real Security. But on my communicating this to 
M^ Tice he said you would give your Obligation for that Sum 
payable one Year hence and therefore requested me (who am 
his Attorney) to write to you on that Occasion. 

I hope you'll not take this amiss in me, since it is thro' M^ 
Tice's Importunities, I am drove to write to you on this Subject. 

I am sorry, very sorry indeed, to see a genteel good Man in 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 399 

Goal who has a Family at Home to support, and hope he may 
meet with the assistance of his Friends on this occasion, and get 
speedily relieved from his present unhappy Condition. 

I am S^ your most 
obed'. & very h. Serv*. 

Peter W. Yates 
addressed : 

To S^ W. Johnson Bar*. 

Feb^y. ll'h 1772 

M"^ Peter Yates 
Letter — 

A. L. S. 

Albany 12^K Fah^: 1772 — 
Deer Sir/ 

I this Moment Recieved a Letter p^ M^ Pemerton of M". 
Brinckerhoffs in which I find by the Contents that you have 
wrote them concerning the affairs of M"". Tice, they wrote me 
and desired me to Let you know that if you will give to them 
Each their Bonds for their respective Debts & Cost with Interest 
payable in Six Months, upon executing the same & Delivering 
to me, then to give him a full Discharge, M"^ Tice has wrote to 
the same purpose and that I also should take a sapperate Bond 
for the sum of £ 45 . . 2 . .8 due to the Asstate of Joris Brincker- 
hoff. I Beg your Answer p'. first uppertunty so that I might 
Let the Gentlemen Know — 

I Remain with due Respects your 

humble Serv'. Henry Ten Eyck Jun*" 
P. S. I have had no oppertunity of seeing M"". Robert Yates 
Since I recieved your Letter as he was out of Town — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

400 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 



Major Jelles Fonda 
at Couchnewagoe 

[ ] 12'h. 1772 — 

The Sheriffs letter to 
Major Fonda — 


Cachnervago 13 Feb^. 1772 
HoNRED Sir/ 

about 2 ours afther you Left my house M^ Pementon Brought 
me the Inclosed Letters warein you may See wot Answer I got 
of the Brincerhofs and also of the Present Sheref I will wote 
now for your farther Instructions So I Remane Sir ontill then 
your Most obedient 

Humbele Sev'. 

Jelles Fonda 

D« S« 

I shall be glad you will favor me with 
any Commands respecting what you may 
have rec^. by the Bearer 

G Johnson 



the Honerabele 

Sir W"™. Johnson Brt &:c 

Johnsons Hall 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 401 


Feby. 13tK 1772 

Major Fondas letter 


A. L. S. 

Albany th 13 — February 1772 

I ] 

M^ pamberton has returnd & broght [ ] agreabell 

Letters. I Send you [the] Letter the Brinckerhoffs rote me 
[the]y have rote the Shirff one moor [t]urarabell that mine & 
a Nother to Major Fonday to the Saim purpit Lamb & his 
aturney have rote to M^ peter yates aturney in this place to act 
for them wich Letters he Shod to us — the purpit of wich is — 
they will wate a year for there money with Good Sacurity — 
M^ Yates Now rites to Sir william the particklers — if you 
Can Settel it I Shall for Ever be oblige to you & Sine all I have 
over to you for Sacurity & Dow what I Can in the mean time to 
help to pay it — I Did Not Expect So much faver from them — 
My Confindment has Bin of Grate Sarves to Setteling my afairs 
wich I am under Grate oblagations to Sir william for — as there 
is Nothing to keep me but Lambs afair I hope to be hom Soon — 
I have rote to my wiff to Git the Slay redey this Nite to Com 
for me So that it will Com away befoor Day if Sir william Can 
Dispatch it. 

I hope Sir you will Excus[ ] being in Such hast to 

Git h[om ] I think Everey minit a Day [ ] 

This yates has behaved to m[e during] my Confindment with So 
mu[ch] frindship & respect in Evary [par] tickler moor than all 
the peopel in albany besids him that I beleave him to Be my 

In Johnson's hand. 

402 Sir IVilUam Johnson Papers 

Sencear frind — the ShirfF Sais Brinckerhoffs afairs Can be 
Setteled aney time after I Git horn as well as Now 

I remain your most obedient 

humbel Sarvent 

To Sir william Johnson 


Feby. 13'h. 1772 

Cap' Tices letter 


A. L. 5.2 

London I5'K- Feb^y.- 1772. 

Sir William Johnson Bar». 

In December last I Receiv'd your favour 2 1 *' Sep^ & a Power 
of Attorney for the Disposal of your Stock, which, I am very 
Sorry to inform you, will not Serve the Intended Purpose. You 
have inserted, after giving Power to Sell &c^, "When Required 
by me," which obliges me to Shew your particular Order for 
each Alteration required, & the People of the Bank can Attend 
only to the Power given in the Letter of Attorney, & therefore 
they will not Suffer me to act under it. You will find inclosed 
a Blank Letter of Attorney, which you have only to fill up as 
the last, leaving out the words above objected to. — This is a 
very great Inconvenience, but I will not let your Money lay 
Dead; at least What is in the Exec'^*. Hands, shall purchase 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ The Johnson manscripts contain an exact copy of this letter signed 
by Samuel Baker, and forwarded "^ Cap*. Chambers." 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 403 

Stock for you in my name & be transferred afterwards ; — The 
Bill ^ £25 is placed to C"" of your Account 

M^: William Baker 
has Receiv'd your 
Power of Attorney to him 

I am 

Your most Obed*. Serv* 

Sam^. Baker 

Feb'-y. 15'h 1772 — 

1V[^ Sam'. Bakers letter 
w*^. an Inclosure — 


Albany IS"' Feh. 1772. 

I ] 

I received your's of the 1 4*^. Inst, respecting M^ Tice, who 
in Consequence of your Proposal, is now at large. 

Inclosed is the Obligation which you will be pleased to 
execute, and transmit back to me. I've made it payable to M^ 
Lamb himself, since (being M^ Tice's Attorney) I deemed that 
most prudent. 

I am very confident M'. Lamb is well ofi-: but know not 
whether his Attorney (M^ Ritzema) expected Security on 
Interest or not, for his Letter to me is wholly silent with Respect 
to that. Hoping that M^ Tice may meet with better Success 
in all his future Transactions, I am 

S^ Your most obed*. 

& very hum. Serv*. 

Peter W. Yates 
To S"*. W. Johnson 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

404 Sir William Johnson Papers 



The hon'^'^ S^ William 

Johnson Bar*. 

Johnson Hall. 

[ ] 1772 

[ ] W. Yates letter 

w'^. an Inclosure useless 


[Feby I5^K 1772] 

Know all Men by these Presents 
That I William Johnson Barn' &c. 

am held and firmly bound unto 

John Lamb of the City of New York in the Sum of Seven 
hundred and twenty four Pounds Current Money of New York 
to be paid to the said John Lamb or to his certain Attorney, 
Executors, Administrators, or Assigns ; To which Payment well 
and truly to be made I do bind myself my Heirs, Executors, 
Administrators, and every of them Firmly by these Presents, 
Sealed with my Seal; Dated the fifteenth Day of February in 
the Year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and Seventy 
two and in the Twelfth Year of the Reign of our sovereign Lord 
George the third — by the Grace of God King of Great Britain 
France and Ireland &c. 

The condition of this Obligation is such, that if the above 
bounden William Johnson his Heirs, Executors, Administrators, 
or any of them, shall and do well and truly pay or cause to be 
paid, unto the above named John Lamb or to his certain 

In Johnson's hand. 

Posi'War Period, 1763-1774 405 

Attorney, Executors, Administrators, or Assigns; the Just and 
full Sum of Three hundred and Sixty two Pounds Current 
Money aforesaid, on or before the fifteenth Day of February 
next ensuing the Date of these Presents without any Fraud, or 
other Delay; then this Obligation to be void, or else, to remain 
in full Force and Virtue 

Sealed and delivered 1 
in the presence of j 



S^ W. Johnson's 

John Lamb. 



Johnson hall FehK 1 S^K 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

The Albany Post has been so very Irregular & tardy of Late, 
That Letters neither come here or go down the Country as 
formerly. Your favor of the 20th UIt°. did not reach this till 
the 10th Inst, and altho' I keep a Man on purpose to carry 
Letters to & from Albany I am at a Loss when this may arrive 
at N York. 

Since my Last, the Messengers arrived from the Southward 
Via Philadelphia. After the Usual Ceremonies They laid down 
their sev'. Belts, Pipes &c to a great number. After which they 
told me a very disagreable Circumstance namely That Anna- 
wacka who after the death of Tho^ King was the man of the 
best Abilities in these Matters died on Shipboard, So that the 
Accot given by the rest, tho' it takes up Three Sheets of paper 
is far from being so Consistent as I might otherwise have 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson; missing sections supplied from manu- 
script letter dated Feb. 18th. in William L. Clements Library, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

406 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Expected. One is Still behind laid up with a Lameness who is 
more intelligent, him I expect to see Soon, however I shall give 
you the Sum of what they Report. — 

They First Repeated the proceedings of Tho^ King with the 
Shawanese &c at Fort Pitt on their way to the Southward, some 
part of which you may recollect we formerly rec*^. however they 
enlarged much on the promises Made by the Wawiaghtonos, and 
on the Sorrow they Expressed for what is past, & that they 
would Send Depy* to the Six Nat*. & from thence to me, to 
Sollicit our friendship & a Continuance of peace. This (they 
say) was delivered by the Shawanese who were Come from 
Wawiaghtonon to Tho*. King, and they gave me a Calumet 
Feather &c from them as also some belts & bunches from the 
Delawares to that Effect. — 

When they arrived at Scioto Tho^ King addressed each of 
the Nations Assembled, beginning with the Shawanese whom he 
upbraided for retiring down so far, & for Confederating with 
people who disregarded peace, & in Short repeated to each of 
them faithfully what had been given him in Charge by the Ind*. 
& by myself, — The Shawanese answered That The Six Nat*. 
had long Seemed to neglect them, & to disregard the Promise 
they [formerly made] of letting them Have the Lands between 
the Ohio &: the Lakes [, that in] their distress they went into 
their Canoes & were determined to go where they sho^ Carry 
them, but were stopped at Scioto by the Six Nations who shook 
them by the heads, and desired them to Stay there & be in peace 
with the English, but that to their great surprise, they soon after 
Saw the 6 Nations In Arms Coasting along the Lakes v^th the 
English, and that after peacee was Settled. The Six Nations 
Continued [to] act like Enemys to them. That they the 
Shawanese, sent thereupon se[veral] Belts to the 6 Nations, for 
their closer union, but that Gaustarax the Seneca Chief to whom 
they were delivered did not make them public so that they never 
rec^. any ansv/er to them. They then produced some Emblems 
[and] belts represents themselves & the Illinois Ind*. with 10 
Confederate Nations between them. — They then delivered a 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 407 

belt from the Chickesaws who professed an Inclination to be 
directed by the Six Nations in w'. ever regarded peace. — The 
6 Nation Depy*. then Accused them of insincerity, misrepre- 
sentation & evil Conduct on which they enlarged a great deal, 
Concluding with telling all present that they were come to bring 
them to their Senses. To strengthen the Union of those who were 
friends to the English Alliance, And for that purpose opened 
a Road from thence to the Council Fire at Onondaga, & that 
at my House, That those who chose to be happy might cast 
their eyes that way, & make use of it, but that the First Nation 
that sho"^. obstruct the same must meet with the resentment of the 
rest; — The Sev'. Nations present then spoke on many belts 
Separately, each giving many assurances of their pacific resolu- 
tions, & promising faithfully to observe what was recommended 
to them. — 

The Cherokees desired that many Thanks might be given to 
the Six Nat*, and to me, and the same was repeated at all the 
Villages they passed thro' for the peace secured thro' my 
Mediation, by which they began once more to enjoy them- 
selves, — At Gobi the Chief of the Creeks met them with many 
Compliments & Salutations, & was desirous they would Visit 
his Nation, But was answered that as a Road was now opened, 
for all who had a mind to apply to me, or to the 6 Nat". Con- 
federacy in person, and as another Meeting at the desire of So 
many would Shortly take place, it was unnecessy. — The Chief 
of the Creeks thanked them & said he was certain that some of 
his Nation w"^. Accompy the Cherokees to the Ond^. Council 
Fire & to my house, and then after sev'. Less Material Con- 
ferences the Dep*. proceeded, the Cherokees taking Leave of 
them & the Catawbas escorting them to Charles Town — 

This is a brief detail of the Relation of Nickaroondase's one 
of the principal Survivors from whence I have good reason to 
conclude that the Shawanese who grasped at the Lands on both 
sides of the Ohio, repenting of the Sale of the South Side, had 
sent belts to their Next Neighbours the Senecas to stir up the 

408 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Chat^ to disavow their act & to Joyn in dispossessing the EngHsh 
thereof. That this was approved of by Gaustarax & his People, 
but disapproved of by the rest of the Confederacy so that he 
was necessitated to try to set up others which gave rise to the 
Ace*, of the Senecas Plot & Gaustarax's belts, and the particulars 
of which the foregoing is only heads, together with the Con- 
versations I have had with the Young Chiefs, are a farther 
corroboration thereof. — The Ind*. are Extremely Inquisitive to 
know the particulars, & every day since the return of the Depy* 
there have been parties here to enquire concerning the same. 

It is now upwards of a Month since the 6 Nat". Depy* (who 
were sent to the Southward agreable to my Letter of Nov^ 1 6th) 
left Karaghiyadisha, one of the last Seneca Towns near Ohio 
on their Way to the Shawanese Town, where they were to take 
the belts and Hatchet, from the Wawiaghtonos &c and deliver 
them their last Words, as they said, after which sho*^. they 
continue obstinate, they were to Expect no favor. They had 
orders to make great Expedition but as some Chiefs are coming 
from the 6 Nat*, who are daily Expected here, I shall then let 
you know what they say, so that measures may be taken as the 
Case shall appear to require. 

His Excell'^y Lieut Genk Gage. 


Feby 15*. 1772 — 

To Lieut Gen^. Gage 
with the Heads of the proceed*, of 
Tho*. King & the Embassy to the 
Southward. — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 409 


Johnson [Hall February 16, 1772] 

A few days ago I was favored with your [ ] the 

Subject of the Division of Albany County, and [ ] 

of the new one, — Upon this occasion I wish it was in my 
[ ] to Satisfy your Wishes, and Gratify myself by 

telling you [ ] you should enjoy that Office, but 

Besides that [ ] rely on report, and cannot consistently 

determine with regard [to] offices, whilst the Main points are 
as yet unsettled There is another Circumstance, which has 
obliged me to discourage the same Application from other 
Gentlemen whom I likewise esteem Namely, That it is a Thing 
expected by the principal Inhabitants & deemed highly reason- 
able by others that such Offices should be occupied by persons 
living, or having property within these Limits, Your own Judg- 
ment will shew you that this is not an unreasonable expectation 
of theirs, and your friendship prevent you from desiring that I 
sho'^. disappoint them. I must nevertheless regret that I have no 
better Title to your Gratefull Expressions, & That I can only 
assure you at present of the unalterable goodwishes with which 
I am 

Your real friend & Servant, 
M\ W". Gamble 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

410 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall FehK 28^K 1772 — 

I wrote to you on the 1 1 '^. of Dec^ last, which Letter I have 
not time to advert to as the bearer of this M^ AIex^ Ellice is 
going imediately from hence for England, & only waits for a 
line of Introduction to you. — 

He is a Gentleman who is in partnership with M^ James 
Phyn Mercht in Schenectady, a House that carries on very con- 
siderable dealings in Supplying the Posts & Traders, is remark- 
ably attentive to business, and bears a very fair Character. — 

I am not acquainted with the Objects of his Voyage, but at 
his desire I have thought proper to make him known to you and 
you may be assured that any Civilities shewn to him will much 

M"^. John Blackburne &c 


Feby. 28'^ 1772.— 

To M^ John Blackburne 
London, ^ M^ Alex^ Ellice. 


A. L. S.2 

A^ York March 2^. 1772.' 
At Night. 
My dear Sir Wm, 

The Corporation of Albany have sent down M"^ Yates & one 
of their Aldermen to shew cause against the Mohock Bill; the 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

^ In Newberry Library, Chicago, III. 

^ Year incorrectly stated here or in the indorsement. 

Post-War Pmod. 1763-1774 411 

Consideration of this matter is to be taken up by the House 
tomorrow morning, and the Fate of it will be I believe that 
either the Bill is rejected, or portponed to another Session^ All 
the Members being against giving encouragement to any bill that 
appears to be controversial, about Lands. 

I have at length asked Leave of Absence of the House & 
shall set out on Friday, by Water I believe, as far as Peaks 
Kill, the Roads being almost impassable between this & the 
Highlands, we shall hire a W. India Schooner. 

The Governor has rec'^. the Kings Orders to grant no more 
Lands I believe I wrote you so before, but am not sure ; At my 
return I shall tell you what I attribute it to, with Many other 
matters which must be deferred till 1 have the pleasure of seeing 
You ; as this will I hope be in a few days, I shall only at present 
assure you that I am with Cordial regard, 6c best Wishes for 
you. My dear S^ W™. Your most sincere & Affectionate 

G Johnson 
Kind Comp*. to all friends. 

INDORSED: N York March 2^. 1773 

Co'' (Sir Guy") Johnsons letter 
rec^. Q^^ at 9 Night — 

^ "An act for securing to the Indians of the lower Mohawk village 
and their descendants, the possession of the remainder of their lands 
adjacent to the same, under a certain limitation." On petition of 
Guysbert G. Marselis and Robert Yates, in behalf of the corporation of 
the city of Albany, the assembly postponed to the next session considera- 
tion of the bill. This action was in accordance with a recommendation of 
the committee of the whole, Colonel Johnson voting against postponement. 
Journal of the General Assembly of the Colony of New York, from 1 766 
to 1 776, inclusive. 

^ An erroneous interpolation. 

412 Sir William Johnson Papers 

.L. 5. 

Albany 4^^ March 1772 


Agreeable to your desire I have Sent you Two Groce of 
Corks, the Best in this Place, I am Sorry it wase not in my Power 
to Precure better ones, I am Sir 

Your most Humble Servant 

Thos Shipboy 
2 Groce Corks @ 4/ £ . .8. . 



Sir, William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 

M^ Tho^ Shipboys 

Letter — 


irl • X^a Oa 

Trenton March 4'^ 1772 

You no doubt er[e] this have heard something of my unhappy 
fortune, it has been so fatal a one to me as to deprive me of all 
manner of means to support my self or Family, in consequence 
of which my friends have recommended it to me (as my mis- 
fortune is not my discredit) to ask relief in any honest way. 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


th[e]refore have distributed a few such as the inclos'd amongst 
those whom I have reason to think are well dispos'd. 

I make bold to present S^ William one knowing from his 
character and acquaintance that he is capable of serving me on 
the occasion. 

I am Sir 

Your Most Obedient Huml Serv'. 





17] 72 

] letter 


A. L. S. 

New York 4 March 1772. 
Dear Sir 

Since I had the honor to write you by M"^ Pemberton, have 
not heard from you — I have the pleasure to advise you that 
your County Bill is passed after great Altercation & Struggle 
A New County is also made North of Saratoga. Your County 
is Named Tryon & the other Charlotte. The Governor & 
Council to appoint the places for the Court houses. Yours will 
certainly be fixed at Johnstown — Hope you will send down to 
the Governor the Names of your County Officers, I am sure he 
will appoint who you please. 

I fear our Militia Law will fall through, the County Members 
seem not to want it, & have prepared a verry tame law, with 
low Fines, &c which will not answer any good purpose. 

Your Bill to Tho* Crothers £ 66 . . 2 is paid — I write this 
in a Hurry as I sett off in about an Hour for Philad*. & hope 

In Johnson's hand. 

414 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to be back in 10 or 12 days. Your Commands in my absence 
will all be duely attended to by my Brother. My best Wishes 
attend you & yours. I am 

Y'' Obliged & obedient Serv^ 

Hugh Wallace 
Lazy & much hurry ed Mr Banyar assures me he will have 
the Adigo Deed ready against I come back to send you 

Sir W^. Johnson Bar*. 




William Johnson Bar^ 


Johnson Hall 





] 1772 
. Hugh Wallaces letter 
] of y^ County b( 
ided &ca 


Ans^^. 30*K Ins*.— 

L. S. 

Albany 6^K March 1772. 

I receivd a Letter from Capt". Gilbert Tice, wherein he lets 
me know that my Wife (it seems) never intends to be reconciled 
with me ; moreover, that my Cattle suffer for want of Fother. 

As for my Children, I leave them to Your Hon"^*. discretion 
The Farm & Stock I likewise freely & willingly resign, and my 
Wife may go where she pleases, as I don't intend ever to abide 
by her. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1 763-1 774 415 

My humble Request is that of your wonted Goodness, you'l 
be pleas'd to get me enlarged & to remit some small Sum, 
whereby I may be enabled to proceed further. May God 
Almighty prosper & prolong your Days, is the sincere & ardent 
Wish of Sir 

Your Hon", poor, confin'd 
and humble Servant 
Witness his 

& a Doctor — Hugh + Courtney 

P. S. I have sent Henry Hill 
with this Letter 


Hugh Courtneys letter 

March 1772 


A. L. S. 

Montreal the S"- March 1772 

I am informed by M"" Collins, Who lately arrived here From 
the Continent, that you have made Some Purchases of Lands 
on the Lake Champlain, in the neighberhood of Ticonderoga 
and leading to Crown Point, from Which Information I take 
the Hberty to Acquaint You that I have 2000 acres in that 
quarter which I intend disposing of — and for your better 
information I send you a discription of it's Boundrays and 
Sittueation, as Set forth in the Pattant. 

Viz* All that Certaint Tract or Parcel of Land Sittuate 
= Laying and being in our County of Albany within 
:^ our Province of New York, on the East Side of 

^ In Johnson's hand, 

416 Sir William Johnson Papers 

= the Waters running from Wood Creek into Lake 
= Champlain, Begining at the South West Corner of 
=: a Tract of Land Granted to L[ie]ut Geo. McDugall 
= and runs thence along the South bounds of the 
= said Tract East One Hundred and fifteen Chains, 
= Then along the East bounds of the said Tract, north 
= Twenty Seven Chains, and two rods, to a Tract of 
=: Land Granted to James Winterbottom, and Nine 
= Other Private Soldiers, then along the South bounds 
= of the last mentioned Tract of Land, East One 
= Hundred, and Eleven Chains, then West two 200 
= and 1 8 Chains, to a Tract of Land Granted 
= to L[i]eut Jehu Hay, then along the East Bounds 
= of the last mentioned Tract of Land North 83 
= Eighty three Chains, and two rods, to the [ ] 

= Where this Tract began Containing Two Hundred 
^ Acres of Land and theusual allowance for 
= Highways — 

Provided You are Inclineable to Purchase the above Lands 
(my Price being 4» new York Currancy and no les for avrey 
Acre) I shall be Glad to Be Honoured with Your Answer On 
rece[i]pt of this, if You Like it on these Terms Everything You 
Can Ask shall be Given to Secure You in Your Prope[r]ty, the 
Method of Transferring &c I Humbly Submit to your better 

I have the Honour to be 


Your Most Obediant 
Most Humble Serv* 

Thomas Trickitt Late 
Quarter Master to the 
44*^ Regiment 


the Honourab** 
Sir William Johnston 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 417 


Montreal 8»^ March 1772 

M^ Th^ Trickets letter 
offerring Lands to Sale 


A. L. 5.2 

New york March 9^^: 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

I have received the Kings Orders to give Notice to the People 
Settled at Post Vincent that it is His Majesty's Pleasure they 
remove from thence immediately, and retire into Some of the 
Provinces, and to report to the Sec'7: of State the Answer they 
shall give to the Message. It may perhaps be Necessary in the 
Execution of this Order to observe Some Decorum with the 
Indians of the ouabache and to give them Some Specious 
Reasons for it, that tend to their Benefit and our own, by 
preserving a Mutual Amity between Us, extending their Trade 
by having more Traders amongst them, &c*. which has been 
interrupted by the Machinations of Said Settlers and others, who 
constantly raise false Reports and tell them idle Storys of the 
Designs of the English against them. I therefore postpone 
Sending the Orders till I have your opinion of the Measures 
proper to be taken with the Indians at the time the King's 
Message is delivered, which you will be so good to let me know 
as soon as you can form a Judgement about it. 

The Establishment at Fort-Chartres and the Illinois Country 
will be Soon reduced to a very Small Matter; and it appears 
to me that it would be very usefull, if the Deputy you appoint 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 


418 Sir William Johnson Papers 

for the Western District should reside amongst the Nations upon 
the ouabache, and be furnished with the Proportion of Presents 
which You allot for the Use of the Western Nations. He 
might by these Means conciliate the Affections of those Tribes 
as he would be a Check upon the Traders and see they com- 
mitted no Frauds, and sold their Goods agreeable to the Tariff. 
And you would always be informed of the Designs and Intrigues 
of those Nations, as well as able to counteract any Schemes of 
the French Traders, who are chiefly from Canada. It is easy 
to stop the Canadian Traders at the Miamie, which if their 
Behavior should Warrant Such a Proceeding, Must be done. 
But we should have good Proofs of their Conduct. The Deputy 
might if requisite and usefull have a Commission of the Peace 
from Several of the Provinces. I imagine Such a Proceeding 
would be very pleasing to the Indians concerned; it has been 
tried and has had a very good Effect amongst the French 
Chactaws, and other Nations bordering upon the Mississippi, very 
much Attached to the French Interest, and now reconciled to Us. 
I am With great Regard, 

Dear Sir, Your Most obedient 

humble Servant 

Tho^ Gage 
Sr; W": Johnson Bar*: 

P: S: 

Since writing I have received your Letter of the IS''^: Ul"°:, 
for which I greatly thank You ; and am glad of the good Tidings 
brought you by Thomas King's Companions ; which gives Reason 
to hope the last Deputys, will return with a further Confirmation 
of the Peaceable Dispositions of the Western Confederacy. 
They have been industrious in forming a Powerfull League, 
but unsuccessfull in their Negotiations with many Tribes. A 
few Days ago I received Letters from W : Florida from Mobile, 
where the Chactaws & Chikesaws were comeing to a Congress; 
The Meeting with the Creeks was finished and the Chiefs of that 
Nation told us of the Deputys from the Western Nations having 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 419 

been amongst them, to engage them to enter into an Alliance 
offensive and Defensive. The Creeks asked them if their 
Beloved Man to the Northward was informed of their Pro- 
ceedings; They answered it was a Matter relating only to 
Themselves. Upon which the Creeks rejected their Proposals, 
which were made only to the Chiefs, who were carefull not to 
divulge what had passed to the Warriors. The Deputys returned 
without Success. 

What you have observed of the present Irregularity of the 
Post is Shamefully true. I hardly know when to write, for the 
Post Seldom goes on the Day appointed, or comes in the Day 
it ought and its next to impossible to send Answers by Return 
of the Post. By the Regulation it ought to go from hence the 
Day after tomorrow viz*: on the 11'^: Inst': but it's So uncertain 
that I am now writeing past twelve at Night least it should be 
Sent away tomorrow Morning and its's quite uncertain when 
this will get to you. I will take an opportunity to talk with M^ 
Colder upon the Subject I write in So much haste I wish you 
may understand what I have wrote. One more D"^. Sir 


Thqs. Gage 

March 9'h. 1772 

Genr'. Gages letter 


A. L. S. 

New York March 17 'K 1772 — 

From misinformation at the Post [Of] fice about the Departure 
of the Post, two Posts have escaped me without a Reply to your 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

420 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

Favor relative to Michael M*^. Donalds Lot at Balston in the 
Patent of Kayoderoseras. 

The Deed is executed containing 200 Acres of Land, 
and 16|/2 [Acrejs of Land under the water of the Long 
Lake which was by [agjreement to be paid for by the 
Parties whose Lands adjoined [the] said Lake being at 8/ ^ 

acre £ 86 . . 1 2 . . - 

and 2/6 for half writing the Conveyan[c]e. . . — .. 2.. 6 

Amounting in the whole as pr Acct inclosed . . £ 86 . . 1 4 . . 6 

I shall embrace the first safe private Conveyance [for] send- 
ing you the said Deed; and I suppose it may be by [so] me of 
the Gentl'*. members from Albany, as the House [&] Assembly 
will break up in a few Days. 

I am happy in the present, as I shall be in all future oppor- 
tunities of executing your Commands, being with the most 
profound Respect, 


Your Most Obed'. Hbh. Servant 

Isaac Low 
Sir William Johnson, Baronet 


March 17»K 1772 

from M'. Isaac Low 

L. S. 

Albany /7'^ March 1772 

Your favour ^ post I this Instant Received I Carefully 
Perused the Contents, altho it ware Evening would have 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1 763-1 774 421 

Imediently Endaver'd to get The Leather You wrote for, but 
the Post told me he Could not take it being on horseback if in 
Albany I Shall Precure it for you to go by the first oppertunity, 
I am 


Your Most Hu^. Servant 

Thos Shipboy 
addressed : 

Sir William Johnson 
Johnson Hall 

M"^ Shipboy's letter 
March 1 7'h. 1 772 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady 18 March 1772 

Agreeable to your orders have Sent you the Two Suits Cloas, 
[ ] Blue is a Forest Cloath as there was no Broad Cloath 

of that [Co] lour (so fine) to be had in Town, I hope the may 
Answer, there [is] no such Thing as Velum for working the 
holes to be had in [ ] place but have wrote to Albany to 

see if there is any there [ ] them Safe to hand and am 

Sir your very humble Servant 

For D. Campbell 
Montague Trimble 

M^ Campbell is now 
in Albany — 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 

In Johnson's hand. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



Schenectady 18 March 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Bought of Daniel Campbell 
7 y'^*. Super fine Forrest Cloath 1 3/6 4 

J 772 







Doz". Large Gilt Buttons 4/6 . 

Doz". Small d° 2/3 . 

pair knee Garters 2/6. 

y'^\ Scarlet Broad Cloth (super fine). .48/. 


y"^^ Buckrim 


4 Sticks Twist 

2 y'^*. Osnaburgs 

6 y"^*. Super fine Scarlet Ratinett 6/6 . . . 

6 y^\ Blue d° 5/ 

8 Skanes Silk 












£21. .11.. 7 


L. S. 

March I8^h 1772 
Honourable Sir 

I beg leave to Suggest to your honour, that John Becker here 
and I some time agoe Spoke to you annent buying Some of your 
Lands on the Susquohannah river, of which you was pleased to 
promise us preference on equall terms. Now we are come to 
a resolution to buy 4000 Acres in the place called Athigo on 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 423 

the West Side of the river, providing we can have them at the 
rate of fifteen pounds A hundred Acres, we mean 2000 Acres 
of the best of the lands. Such as we can make arable, & 2000 
of wood land for fire wood & other purposes, & the money well 
pay on getting the Deeds — We can get from M"" harper Lands 
on the Same terms — & from Colonel Broad-street for 1 3 pounds 
a hundred, but we chuse rather to deal with Your honour than 
with either 

I think Sir it will be no disadvantage to You letting us have 
the lands as it will be great encouragement to others to make 
purchase Once we break the Ice — & Am possitive your honour 
can Sell the rest higher — for indeed the first Settlers on Any 
lands Should have them on better terms than those that dont 
purchase untill they See others Settled before them as they run 
A risque of living alone for Sometime which woud lend very 
much to their disadvantage please write us an answer as Soon 
as convenient & we are Your honours 

most obedient & humble Serv'* 

JosiAs Swart 

John Becker 


[ ] 

From Mess". Swart and 

Becker ab*. lands 


New York March'] 
the 20^h /7J2 I 

His Excellency Governor Tryon having been pleased to 
appoint me Sheriff of your County, I think it my duty to inform 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

424 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Your Honour of it, not doubting his Excellencys Appointment 
will meet with your Approbation; especially as I am well 
acquainted with a great Number of the Inhabitants of the said 
county, having commanded at Fort Harkaman, in the Year 
1 764 — As soon as the season will permit I shall do myself the 
Honor of paying my personal Respects to you 

I remain hon^. Sir 

Your Very 
Humble Serv*. 

Alexander White 

To the Honourable S"*. WiLLIAM JoHNSON Baronet 

The Honourable S^ William Johnson Baronet 

Tryon County 


March 20*. 1 772 [ ] 

from M^ Alex^ White 
Sheriff of Tryon County 


A. L S. 

Johns Town ZO^K March 1772 — 

[ ] 

[ ] Your Honour was so kind, as to mention your 

intention to me, of sending Master Peter' to Canada; I have 
thought the least I cou'd do for him was, to present to him the 
Inclosed instructions. But, upon the peruseal of them, they 
appear so very imperfect, that I thought they ought not to be 
deliver'd, till first corrected by your Honours Notice. I had 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 Peter Johnson, eldest child if Sir William Johnson and Molly Brant. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 425 

yesterday no small altercation with M^ Flood, for the taking 
of a Shingle, to carry away Ashes, in the way of the Children, 
which when done with, I meant to return. But upon the whole, 
I do not think M^ Floods atack, proceeded from his refined 
notions of Economy, but rather (as I suppose), from construc- 
tions of my envying him of his place — If I was at a certainty 
of this, I would then pitty him, as I can with truth say, I envy 
him not in any thing. And as to whatever I have said to your 
Honour upon that head, was only in Case of his going home: 
and, from what I can with truth say, was from a far more 
Copious view. I at that Time thought, it might be in my Power, 
to be of some advantage to the Patent, not only, from making 
some alterations for an Annual saving, but perhaps [ ] 

Families of worth as settlers. As these [are] the [ ] 

motives from which I acted, I do not think it generous of 
M^ Flood, to treat me with unbecomeing Languague. I have 
always treated him, as I do every Body; with all the civility in 
my power to give. I therefore beg leave to Inform your Honour, 
that I do not mean to put with any more of his injurious insults ; 
for whenever interrupted any more by him, (while in the peace- 
able discharge of my Duty) I shall always be ready to attend, 
to the then purport of your Honours Commands. Your Honour 
will please at M^ Peters depart [ure] to present to him on my 
Account a 20/ Bill as a Testimony for the Sence of his Bravery 
in the defence of the School House, & from the Secred Simpathy 
I have in everything he dose. Your Honours kind Compliance 
therein, will much oblige, 

Honoured Sir, 
Your Honours most Dutiful and very obed' Serv^ 

John Cottgrave 
addressed : 

The Honourable Sir William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 

426 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[ ] 

M^ Cottgraves letter 


Groghans Forest 20^^ March 1772 
Dear Sir 

Yesterday by Post I received a Letter from Col°. Croghan 
wherein he assures me that the affairs of the new Collony on the 
Ohio^ was finally setled and M"^ Sam* Wharton expected in 
Philadelphia this Winter, that he proposed shortly after writting 
his Letter bearing date 2^ Dec^ to Send an Express across the 
Country ; that he thinks it absolutely necessary I should See him 
before I join, but another Letter from Head Quarters renews 
their injunctions on me to join with all dispatch, likewise that 
there was no certainty of our Regiment being orderd to the 
Islands; my Father acquaints me he will Send for me as farr 
as Crown Point, provided I make dispatch as he expects to go 
early in the Spring to relieve the 10'^ Regim^ at Quebeck who 
are to relieve the 2"^ Batt" in the Posts, all these different 
Ocurences dont embarrass me a little, I have wrote for leave to 
return when my private affairs would require it I hope not to be 
denied, at any rate its in the power of the Officer Coms. the 
Reg*, to give me leave of Absence for Some Short time. 

I take the Liberty of presenting my Compliments through you. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Newberry Library, Chicago, III. 

^ For the articles of agreement of the Illinois Company, which were 
signed by Groghan for Johnson and himself, see Collections of the Illinois 
State Historical Library, 1 I :203— 4, ed. C. W. Alvord and C. E. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 All 

to Mess'* Deas, & Dayly M" Prevost^ and the Children are 
well. Miss Murray joins with her in presenting you their 
Respectfull Compliments and have the honnor of being with the 
utmost Respect & Gratitude Very Honord Sir 

Your most Humble 

& most Devoted Serv'. 

Aug. Prevost 
the Hon*'!* Sir William Johnson Bar*. 

PS, My Father" orders me to present his most respectfull Com- 
pliments & to acquaint you that he had received your very 
Polite Answer as well as a Letter from Col°. Claus 


March 20th 1772 

Major Prevost's letter. 


New York March 2UK 1772 

I did myself the Honor to acquaint you by the last Post, that 
Michael McDonald's Deed for Lands in Balston in the Patent 
of Kayoderoseras was duely executed, and that I expected to 
forward the same by one of the Gentlemen Members of the 
Assembly. — 

I have only to do myself the further Honor of advising that 

^ Lieutenant Augustine Prevost was married to a daughter of George 

^ Lieutenant Colonel Augustine Prevost. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

428 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I now forward the same by Coll: Schuyler, who promises to 
send it on from Albany by some safe Conveyance. 
And I remain with the greatest Respect, Sir 

Your Most Obed'. & 

Most Hbl^ Servant 

Isaac Low 
Sir William Johnson, Baronet 


March 1772 

M^ Isaac Lows letter 

w*^. a Deed — 



D. S. 

[Albany March 2L 1772] 

To The Honourable SiR WiLLIAM JOHNSON Baronet One 
Of His Majestys Council of the Colony of New York 

Whereas a Certain Tract of land with the Appurtenances 
scituate lying and being above Albany on both sides of [a] 
Certain Creek called Hossack beginning at the bounds of 
Schackook from thence extending up the said Creek to a certain 
Fall called Quequick and from the said Fall upwards along the 
Creek to a certain place called Nackawickquack being in breadth 
on each side the said Creek two English Miles that is to say two 
English Miles on the one side of the said Creek and two English 
Miles on the other side of the said Creek the whole breadth 
being four English Miles and is in Length from the bounds of 
Schackook aforesaid to the said place called Nachawickquaack 
the said Lands was granted on the second day of June in the 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 429 

year of our Lord 1788 unto Maria Van Renselaer Hendrick 
Van Ness Gerrit Thunessen and Jacobus Van Cortlandt and 
whereas also the said Tract of Land has since been divided and 
laid into Lots by John R Bleecker a Surveyor Eight of which 
Several Lots Viz Lots number Sixteen Seventeen fifty eight fifty 
nine thirty five thirty seven forty and thirteen fell to the share of 
Maria Van Rensselaer one of the proprietors and whereas we 
the Subscribers in pursuance of a certain Act of the Lieutenant 
Governor the Council and General Assembly of this Colony 
entitled an Act for the more effectual collecting of his Majestys 
quit rents in the Colony of New York and for partition of land 
in order thereto and other Acts made to the same purpose have 
lately proceeded to a Survey of the above mentioned Eight Lots 
and have appointed the thirtieth of March at the house of M'. 
Gilbert Tyce to be the day and place of balloting for the said 
Lots and Allotments made and numbered on the Map of the 
said Lands & We do therefore in pursuance of the said Acts 
request you to be present on the day and at the place aforesaid 
to oversee the balloting to be made Given under our hands at 
Albany this 21st day of March 1772 

volckert p. douw 
Peter Lansingh 
John Macomb 


March 21«t 1772 

Letter from Volckert 
Dow Esq^ J". M^Comb 
& Peter Lansing Esq". 
Commis". ^ Express 

In Johnson's hand. 

430 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contemporary Copy 

New York 24^^ March 1772 

The subscribers and their Associates having The six following 
petitions for Licence to purchase Sundry tracts of Land Viz. 

Isaac Low 


Peter Remsen 


Derick Lefferts 


Robert Leak 


Thomas Palmer 


John Bergen 


And M"" John Glen and M"^ Christopher Yats and Their 
Associates having a clame to About 9000 Acres included within 
the tracts of the back Lands petitioned for by Derick Lefferts, 
Peter Remsen, and Robert Leak, and notwithstanding the 
Locaters are The prier and only petitioners for the Said 9000 
Acres Yet to avoid dispute, it is agreed, that the Said Mes*^* 
Glen and Yats, and their Associates, shall Be jointly interested 
As to the Quantity of 1 0,000 Acres In the five tracts, first Above 

And it is farther Agreed that Each of the petitioners for the 
Said Six tracts shall abate of their Quantity in proportion to 
the Contents of each tract in order to make up the said 10,000 
Acres — And As it is apprehended That their will not be 
sufficient Land in the whole To satisfy the Above six locations, 
it is agreed [that] the Deficiency Shall be borne by Each in 
p[ ] To the [amount] Expressed in the Petition, and 

that [the] Parties interested in the first mentioned Petition Shall 
be intitled to one third par[t of] The Lands located by John 
Bergen, and lastly is Agreed that no more Land shall be insisted 
on to be Purchased, or Surveyed for the parties Aforesaid, than 
The Quantity contained in five petitions Amounting in The 
whole to One Hundred and Sixty-Six Thousand Acres and that 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 431 

the Tract to be located for John Bergen Is to be located to the 
Eastward of a line North 30 Degrees west from the North west 
Corner of the Patent of Sackendaga and to Extend North as 
far As the North Bounds of the tract Petitioned for by Thomas 
Palmer and to Extend from the said North thirty degrees west 
Line so as to include The quantity intended 

Isaac Low 
Thom^ Palmer for 
Himself and his 

Thom^ Palmer for M^ 
Derick Lefferts 
W^^. Butler for 
Coppy Robert Leak Esquire 

G^ Banyar for 
John Bergen and 
His associates 

Copy of the Agreement 
between y^. Six patentees 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady the 24^h March 1772 
Dear Sir 

At I was not at Home when your Agreeable letter came to 
my House for Sundry Articles — which was Sent You Except 
the Velum, which Article is not to be had here — the Scarlet 
Cloath will be at 45/ & the retinnt at 6/ p"^ yard — 
my Young man Charged them Something higher in the 
Account" he Sent you — I here now inclose You Some 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ See account of March 18, 1772. 

432 Sir William Johnson Papers 

little patrens — which if they would Answer in lieu of 
Velum I can Send them on receiving a line from You — 
as poor Samuel Tyms Died lately at Detroit with whom I was 
Concerned in Trade to a Considerable Value, So much that it 
will require my Attendance there Some Months this Summer. 
Should You have any Commands in that part of the World it 
will Afford me great pleasure to Execute them for You. M" 
Campbell joins me her best Respects to You and M"" Deis — 

I am 

Dear Sir Your most 
Obedient Humble 


Daniel Campbell 

Sir William Johnson Baronet 


M'. Campbells Letter 
March 1772 


Lynesberrey 26 March 1772 

I am Sorry Coll Butler is Disapointed of the Clarkship not 
one my account but one his am very well Content to Resine the 
Judges place to him am Sorey you Should give your Self the 
treble to Send so far Desire youl do as you think best in the 
Disposal of all the Imployments I am Content you now I was 
never fond of any post 

Sir your Real frind 
& most Humble Sirv*. 

John Lyne 
To Sir Will**. Johnson 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 A3>3 


Sir William Johnson 
at Johnsons Hall 


M^ John Lynes letter 

March 27'h. 1 772 — 


London 26'h March 1772 

On the 21*' Ulto I was Honor'd with Your very acceptable 
letter of the 1 1 '^ Decem'^ & now Sit down to reply thereto — 
Upon the rec* of Your Letter I apply'd to a Friend of Mine 
who is one of the Lords of the Treasury & requested the Favor 
of Him to Use His Interest & Influence in favor of Sir John to 
Succeed L' BenzelP in case of a Vacancy by Death or other 
wise — He mention'd to me that prior to M"" Benzells succeeding 
to this place, some promise was given by the Duke of Grafton 
in favor of a Mr Patterson, which occasion'd some Uneasiness 
between His Grace & Lord North, as the latter insisted on 
Benzells having the Department — He is a Gent"* in whom I 
can place no small Confidence & whose Friendship I have had 
a long experience — He recommends that upon the Vacancy, 
You imediately dispatch a Letter to Lord North desiring the 
Place for Your Son & to Send Such Letter to Me under a 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ The Johnson manuscripts contain a signed copy of this letter for- 
warded "^ Cap* Lawrence." The original was forwarded "^ ye 

^ Surveyor of the Woods. See Johnson to Blackburn, Dec. 11, 1771. 

434 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Cover — He has promis'd me all His Interest & You may 
depend on the Addition of my little Share, added to some other 
Friends of mine who will support me — 

I thank You for Your proffers of Service to Hatton & am in 
hopes the Scheme^ may be productive of mutual Advantage to 
this Country & America — if my own private Interest is not 
benefitted by the Undertaking I am confident that it will be of 
great Use to others, in either case I shall secure an adequate 
compensation for my Trouble — 

There has been a Scheme form'd for making a Settlement 
upon the Banks of the Mississipi. Should it take place I am in 
hopes it would be the Means of removing the Nuisance You 
point out by driving those French Vagabonds from that Situa- 
tion — the Expences of Colonizing have been so heavy in some 
provinces that Administration are cautious of adopting any New 
Ones — & it often happens that a Minister is almost oblig'd to 
give way to the Interest of a Person more than His fitness to 
represent a Government — 

Our Parliament have been Engag'd for this fortnight past in 
debating upon the Marriage Bill, which was carried through 
both Houses the night before last after a very severe Struggle — 
each Party both in & out of administration were divided upon 
this Subject — next Week comes on the India affairs which will 
take up their Attention for some time, & after that I have hopes 
something will be done for America — Lord North seems 
dispos'd to favour the Colonies in every thing which dont interfere 
with this Country & I could almost answer for Lord Hils- 
borough's joining Him — 

There is a report that a Cessation of Arms is agreed upon 
between Russia & the Porte & Terms of Peace adjusted through 
the Mediation of the Emperor of Germany — in my opinion the 
King of Prussia will endeavor to subvert this Plan & if so we 

^A timber scheme. See Blackburn to Johnson, Sept. 10, 1771 and 
Johnson to Blackburn, Dec. 11, 1771. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 435 

may expect a General Continental War, & where it will End 
God only knows — I only mention those Circumstances as my 
private opinion. Do me the favor to make my Comp'^ to Sir 
John & to believe I am with much Respect 


Your obliged and obedient 

Humble Servant 

John Blackburn 

London 26'h. March 1 772 

M^ Blackburns letter 


Albany March26^^ 1772 
HoND Sir 

I have recived a Letter from Cap* Tice wherein he request me 
to inform you wether the Brinckeroff had givin derictions 
to withdraw their Execution from his Lands on his giving 
Security for the paymant of the money due thereby — pursuant 
to which request I can inform your Honour that I have recived 
a Letter From them whereby they authorize me to drop the 
Execution in Case Major Fonda will give his Bond payable in 
Six months for the said Debt and Intrewst on my application to 
him for this purpose he refused Complying with it the remaining 
part of my Instructions from the Plaintiffs is such that I then 
must proceed to the Sale of those Lands the Debt and Cost of 
Derick Berinckeroff Junr amounts to £331,. 13.. 6 and the 
one of Derick Brinckeroff amount to 1 30 . . 1 2 . . 2 Exclusive of 
poundage and the Damage of the Estate of Joris Brinckeroff 
against Cap* Tice is £ 45 . . 2 . . 8 all Which Sum I was dericted 

In Johnson's hand. 

436 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to take Major Fonda Bond For before I could withdraw the 
Tow Exexutions If any Settlemant could take place I should be 
extremly glad To Be informed thereof soon, as the Court draws 
near When I must return the Executions I am Hond Sir 

Your most humble Servant 

Henry Ten Eyck Jun' 



Sir William Johnson Esq"" Bernight 

Johnson Hall 

March 26*. 1772 

Henry Ten Eyck's Esq", letter 
concerning Tice 

Df. S. 

Johnson Hall March 30^K 1772 
Dear Sir/ 

I hope this will find you safe returned from Philadelphia, and 
that you will be able by return of this Post, to let me know 
whether the Court House is to be at Johns Town or not ; I wrote 
to the governor by Pemberton, letting him know that if agreable 
[to him] I would by next Post Send him an impartial List of 
such men as were best qualified for the Comis". of the Peace &c 
for the County of Tryon Since which I am informed that the 
Clerkship is promised to Stephen Delancy, now Clerk for Albany 
County, this he told me himself was procured for him thro his 
uncle Oliver Delancy's Interest. I told him if so, I should say 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 437 

nothing about it, altho I had promised my interest to Colonel 
Butler. Stephen I hear is since gone to york on that acd., and 
as his Connections have afforded their aid in getting the Bill 
for Tryon county passed, I would by no means oppose them, 
altho between you and me, I dont think it altogether right that 
he should act as Clerk of two Counties, and have no property in 
this of ours — 

I long much to see what kind of a Militia Act they will 
Frame, or whether any, if it is not a good one we had as good 
be without any but I [ ] Governor will not agree to 

any, but such as [ ] a good End. when at leasure I 

shall be glad to have the State [of my] Ace'., that I may not 
overdraw, and also that of the late M^ Mortier w^. I wrote to 
M^ Banyer for sometime ago. 

least interest may be makeing underhand for the offices of the 
County of Tryon, (w*'. the inhabitants of it would think very 
hard of) I inclose you a list of Such as are best qualified everry 
way for filling them but I would not by any means have use 
made of it, unless you should See it absolutely necessary w^ I 
am hopeful will [not be] the case whilst we have so Judicious 
a Governor [ ] present 

My most respectful Compliments await you and M""*. Wallace 
and am Dear Sir 

Your most obliged Friend 

& affectionate Servant 

WJ — 
The Honourable 
Hugh Wallace Esq^ 


March 30'K 1 772 — 

Letter to M^ Wallace 
w'^ a List — 

In Johnson's hand. 

438 Sir William Johnson Papers 


W'"'bmg 30'K March 1772 — 
Honored Sir 

Agreable to your desire I have sent you a Memorandum of 
the few Articles of Canada Expences for March Term. I spoke 
to Perup and he says cant come lower than £8. for his Battoe 
having been offered at Oswego Ten pounds a little before it was 
Taken away. I have had a couple of slight Attacks of the 
Gout since the breaking up of the Winter, but last Fryday 
Evening it laid me up with a severe pain w^^. has been abating 
since & I hope will allow me to go abroad in a few days. I am 
happy to learn from Doct^ Dease y* you enjoy your health so 
well at this unhealthy Season & wish its Continuance most cor- 
dially. My family are tolerably well And join me in Duty & 

Hon^. Sir 

Your Obedient Son 

Dan. Claus 
I suppose M^ Van Eps Ind". Acco*. 
I sent you last Summer going to Canad^. 
was inserted in yours last Fall. — 

To the Hon'^'^ 
Sr W". Johnson Bar* 
&c &c &c 



The Hon^'«. S^ W™. Johnson Bart. 
&c &c &c 

Johnson hall. 

In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 439 


March 30th. 1772 

Co'. Claus's Letter. — 


London 3 Apll 1772 

I have this Day Answered a Letter to M^ John Wetherhead 
wherein he upbraids much the Lawsuit of New York is not Sup- 
ported by you or the General. I know you have influence enough 
to have made these fellows drop that iniquitous prosecution, one 
word would have done it, was it not an Act you would Support 
you or the General, Should during two years, have hinted to the 
Commanding Officer of Commissary after so many repeated 
remonstrances, to have made it up. which could have been done, 
without expence. now the Rum is perhaps leaked out, or the 
kegs rotten, & I must be lost by default of their appearance, to 
a transaction, I was confined for even looking at. the Want 
of Exertion in the first instance was the Cause of all that happned 
to the Officers under you. 

Sir I always try'd to follow your great Example & am Certain 
no Indian Can ever say, I deceived him or told him a lie, pollicy 
tells me I had better follow'd her precepts with the whites, but 
I knew you'd despise if I did. yet how can I account for the 
Neglect I meet with from people in power. I thought a recom- 
mendation from you was Sufficient to have gain'd any point. 
Alas I only asked for Laberors Hire, & to work for a future Sub- 
sistance. I am neglected, & cast into prison by the Expences 
attending being detained in a Vexatious Suit, for above a Year, 
& threatned to be advertised for another at New York. All 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

440 Sir William Johnson Papers 

your friends Complain of your Silence I am told you are much 
in favor with his Majesty, you write to me the Ministry dont 
Chuse to be importuned, no I am afraid there are persons 
Jealous that you ever gave me the recomm[endations] you first 
did. Think when I see a Villian at Large [ ] pro- 

vided for, most amply rewarded attempting to sell the Interior 
C[ ] & I thro persecution for the faithfull obedience 

of your Orders thrown in Prison. As yet I dont Complain. I 
look upon your Ways like those of providence, always for the 
best, all I entreat Act from yourself, in Western Phrase 
Chase away bad birds, now I have gone thro the lire Ordeal. 
I am Still more Worthy of your Countenance. You know not 
the thousand part what I Sufferd since I saw you. I shall be 
like Job was to his God. they shall not even make me Blame 

I have not means of living till I hear from you in Answer to 
this Letter So shall bid you & family a last farewell & be assured 
of the prayers & good wishes of your friend to his latest breath 
tho Somehow he is not treated as ought. 


Your unfortunate 
Humble Serv' 

B Roberts 
S^ W"". Johnson Baronet 



Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 
New York 

London 3d. April 1 772 

L'. Roberts Letter — 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Pmod, 1 763-1 774 441 


In Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:290-93, and Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
2:989-93; Q, 2:573-75. is a letter of April 4th to the Earl of Hills- 
borough, conveying the news of the death of Thomas King, Indian chief, 
at Charles Town, S. C, with an account of King's mission to the western 
and the southern tribes, and describing fallacious pretensions of the 
Shawanese, the behavior of a lawless French colony on the Waubache, 
and the failure of trade regulation by the colonies. 

Contemporary Coptp- 

New York April 7^K- J772, 

Dear Sir 

Your Favor of 20* : \J\V^° : arrived in good time for my trans- 
mitting the Kings Orders to the Ilinois, for the removal of the 
Settlers upon the Ouabache, and a Speech for the Indians is sent 
with the Order; which has been composed, from the Paragraph 
of your Letter upon that Subject. I inclose you a Copy of it, 
which it may be proper to have communicated to your Deputy, 
as it will be delivered the Indians in your Name and Mine, by 
the Interpreter or some proper Person at the Ilinois. The Com- 
manding Officer has Directions to that Purpose, and that the 
Speech is delivered in the Form and Ceremony usually observed 
on such Occasions. You will be the best Judge whether it 
should be communicated to other Nations. 

A French Proclamation is made out for the Settlers in their 
own Stile, but you may be right in your Conjectures of the little 
Effect to be hoped from it. 

I am with great Regard 

Dear Sir 

&ca — 
Sir W": Johnson Bar^: 

In William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

442 Sir William Johnson Papers 



Sir W"": Johnson Bar*: 

Johnson Hall 
New York 7'h: April 1772. 
Sent by the Post April 15'^^: 1772. 


Contemporary Copy 

New York April 8^K 1772, 

Message to the Indians of the Ouabache . . 


The King has beared with much concern of the Extraordinary 
behavior of many Indians Inhabiting these parts of the Country; 
and likewise that a large Settlement of white People has been 
formed upon your Lands without Laws or Government, of which 
the Indian Nations in general have often made Complaints; And 
the King apprehends that these Settlements could not Subsist 
without visible Inconvenience to the Indians, and a Total Neglect 
of that Order in use amongst Civilized Nations. — 

It has therefore pleased his Majesty to Order those White 
People should immediately leave the Indian Country, And come 
within those Lands near the Sea Coast, which the Forefathers of 
the Indians long ago granted to the English, Leaving the Country 
to the Indians, to whom it belongs, and thereby freeing them from 
many Imputations under which they have lain from such a Mixt 
Settlement, as well as enabling them to enlarge their Trade and 
hunting, and to traffick with more Advantage with Traders of all 
sorts, than they can do at present which [ ] 

People only, who set their own Pr[ J 

every thing. — 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 443 


You will consider this Act of the King as an Act of Grace 
and Favor, in which the Adva[ntage] of the Indians is as much 
consulted, as that of the English Government. 


A. L. S. 

CoghnaWage 1 U^ April 1772 

On my arrival home last night the person who last year hired 
part of the place upon which old Doctor Wallace used to live 
came to me and asked me from whom he should hire his place 
for this year. I told him that according to agreement, made with 
her last year he should hire the place from me. This Evening 
two of her horses got swamped on what I call the disputed lands, 
their being no Man Servant at the time neigh the House and I 
from home M"^* Mac Leod Sent my little Ser' Nancy to acquaint 
her with the distress of her Cattle, but in place of thanking her 
for sending her servant (having heard that I intended lakeing 
possession of the place) used her and me before a parcel of 
Negroes and Common people with the utmost Comtempt, with all 
the opprobrious and Contemptible language that could be made 
use of by her Lasivious Tongue, and also said that if I was to 
Set my plough a going there she would fight to her Neck in 
blood; Tho' I made an agreement with Mac Leod he can't put 
it in force without orders from Sir William. Her Overseer M^ 
Mick said he would brake my Catties Legs if they should Come 
upon his M" place after having a life Deed from Sir William. 
M"^* Denniston also told the Rabble that was then present, that 
the promise you made her of her Farm for so long a time was in 
presence of Doctor Dace^ and some other person whose name they 
Could not remember. 

As to her passion and the many dirty things she said of me 
in particular and other People in General, I shall say nothing 

^ Dr John Dease. 

444 Sir William Johnson Papers 

about them untill I have the pleasure of seeing you. I shall only 
beg leave to say that it is now in your option to decide w^ho 
shall be the ridicule of the Country she or me. 

You w^ill I hope My Dear Sir William pardon me for giving 
you this trouble and expecting an answer as soon as your Con- 
veniency can allow you for which the Bearer is to Wait 

I am 
Your most affectionate 
and ever obliged Humble 

NoRi'. MacLeod 

P. S. M--* Mac Leod returns 1 000000 of thanks for your kind 
present and hopes you'll accept of her gratefull good wishes and 
Compliments, being all the return she can make at present 



The Hon^'** 

Sir William Johnson Bar'. &ca 
At Johnson Hall 

May nth. 1772 

Cap*. M^. Leods letter 


A. L. S. 

Burnets field 11'^ April 1772 
HoN^E Sir 

I have Recv'^ your Letter of ye 8*^ of this Instant and acord- 
ing to your Desire have Spoke to my father in Law Concerning 
what you Wrote to me and he answered as thus that he would 
not be it that he was old & Culd not folow Bisness & would 
but him Salf out of Truble, and 2 Days after he Desired me to 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period 1763-1774 445 

write to you as this he hath Served his majestys as Justice this 
fourty years, and he was allways But in the New Commisons 
with out asking him, and that then he was at Liberty to take it 
or not, and that if he is thought fitt now to Sarve and his name 
but in the New Commission he Expects the same Liberty, and 
he forther Told me he thought you Could have as Easey wrote 
to him as to me as it would not have Been out of the way, in 
Sending, and also that he thinks that tims are Greadly altered 
and the usage un Expectedly Changed 

Du Compliments to 
your Honour, from Your 
Hon"^*. most obed'. humble Servent 

Rudolph Shoemaker 
To Honorable S«. W"^. Johnson Bar'. 



The Hono^'«. Sir W™. Johnson Bar', 

Johnsons Hall 

April \VK 1 772 

Justice Shoemakers 
letter concerning Co'. 

A. L. S. 

Albany the I3^K April 1772.— 
HoN^. Sir, 

I did not expect Coll°. Butler would have returned home 
before today or I should have answered your Honors letter of 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

446 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the 9**^. Ins' by him — I shall make out the necessary drafts You 
require in the best manner I can from the Instructions given and 

transmit them by the first safe conveyance. 

I have prepared a draft of a deed to be executed by the 
Sheriff on the sale by him of Tice's Lands but shall defer 
engrossing it until I have your orders w^hether you incline to have 
it in the real purchasers name or in your own — you advance the 
money — & gave Instructions to buy those Lands and the person 
that bid for them vv^as only an Instrument & acted under you — 
Yet as nothing of this sort could appear it being verbal only as 
well for these as many other reasons I should think it most Legal 
& consistant to draw the deed in the name of the person to whom 
f'li was struck off — who will convey to you — it would be proper 
that you should have all the title deeds which I suppose you can 
get of M^ Tice & if he will give you a Release or quit claim of 
the Lands it will render Your estate In the lands more secure — 
For notwithstanding the long practice in this Country of selling 
Lands by execution & the vast Tracts that are sold by no other 
title Yet there are some doubts with respect to the extent of the 
[ ] of parliament on which the practice was founded. 

I am Sir 

Your most 

obedient & very 
humble Servant 


The Hon^'*. Sir WilHam Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall 

Alby. 13»h. April. 1772— 

M^ Silvesters letter 

rec^. ye 1 7'^. without 
the Deeds 

Ans^'^. D°. Die 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi'War Period, 1763-1774 447 


A. L. S. 

Albany the 14'K April 1772. 
HoN^ Sir, 

By this oppertunity is forwarded a variety of precedents agree- 
able to your directions I hope for your approbation in the draft- 
ing, there is a Duplicate of a conveyance in Fee upon the Sale of 
Lands — the one at full length containing all the usual covenants 
as generally made use of at New York among the noted 

The other in substance almost the same but much abreviated — 
I have been told it was a composition of M^ Prat of Boston late 
Chief Justice of New York — In all cases where the person to 
whom the Land is sold is not in actual possession it is most prac- 
tical & Legal to supply the want of possession by a lease for a 
year — unless the Grantor should chuse to go on the Land & 
deliver the Grantee a Twig or piece of Turf or any thing else 
thats part of the Freehold — or by delivering the Key of a door 
or ring of a house on the premises in the presence of two wit- 
nesses which is called Livery & Seizen & must be endosed on 
the deed & Subscribed to by the witnesses — this ceremony sup- 
plys both the want of possession & lease — but one of the three 
methods must be pursued in the usual sales & conveyancing of 
Lands & the same rule may be observed with respect to mort- 
gages — I suppose S^ W"". need not be Informed that a bond 
and Judgment (vulgurly so called) is of no more effect than a 
common bond until the entry up of the Judgment & confession 
in form after that and not before execution may issue ag*. Body 
or Goods & [ ] I expect soon to go for New York. If S^ 
William has any commands I shall gladly execute them I am Sir 

Your most ob*- & 
very humble Servant 

P Silvester 

448 Sir William Johnson Papers 

NB. the mortgagors wifes name 
shod be in the writing & 
executed also by 
her to bar her Right of Dower 


The Hon^'^. Sir WilHam Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 

Alby14^ April 1772 

M^ Silvesters letter 
with Inclosures 


Kinderhook 17^^ April 1772 


I have so often wrote you upon the subject of Militia appoint- 
ment in this neighberhood, that I feel concerned to trouble you 
with a renewal of the subject: but so very restless are those in 
opposition to us that they watch every occasion to undo what has 

been done. I have just now received a letter from my 

Brother at York, purporting that he was lately, with his Excel- 
lency the Governor, on behalf of this Township, requesting that 
no alterations in the Militia arrangements might be made until 
he had read some papers presented to Government on that sub- 
ject: the Governor was pleased to say he thought it a proper 
hint and that he would peruse them. — He told my Brother that 
he had desired Cob Schuyler to make out Lists of Officers — My 
Brother Answered him that the Col°. was concerned in direct 
opposition to the interest of Kinderhook — His Excellency then 
asked whether S*" William Johnson Was not Brigadeer General 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 449 

of the District? to which he replied in the affirmative and that 

the Lists of the present Officers was given in by S' W™. . 

I have taken the freedom to mention these particulars that you 
may see Sir how very active a certain set of Gentlemen are 
(whenever they go to New York) to procure alterations, where 
appointments have been made independant of them. — Their 
Spleen and ill will to the principle people of this Township is 
made use of upon every ocasion. — A fresh proof of it Col°. 
Schuyler has lately given by recommending two Dram Shop 
Keepers for the Office of Justices for this Township; both Men 
who (I dare venture to say) have not one single quaHty to 
recommend them; except that of espousing the interest of Col°. 
Rensselaer in opposition to that of the Place they live in; and 
Men too not only extremely illiterate but of so little consequence 
among their neighbours that they cannot, at our Town elections, 
get as much as a constable chosen. — These inconsiderate things 
I mention to convince you Sir that your recommendations in this 
quarter have been in favour of the principle people of the Town- 
ship, who will manifest their consequence to you or any of your 
family whenever oppertunities offer. 

I immagine at Claverack the Cob. will also make a stir, then 

the old Story I suppose of D d Tenant &c*, will be 

revised. — I Am however much mistaken if Cob. Hogeboom will 
not give very publick proofs of his interest at Claverack, there is 
now a warm contest between him and Col°. Rensselaer's eldest 
son, about the supervisorship for the Claverack District. The 
Election is to be on the first Tuesday in May next. 

I wrote some time ago to Cob. Johnson and acquainted him 
that the District of Kinderhook was by an Act of Assembly 
(passt last Session) divided in two, by the names of Kinder- 
hook & Kings District. — As the two Districts contain upwards 
of Eleven hundred Men it is probable my Father's Regiment 
will be New Modelled, in that case my Father and your wel- 
wishers here beg that they may have the Honor of being con- 
sulted in Offering the Regiments; as we personally know almost 


450 Sir William Johnson Papers 

every Man living in both Districts, and can from our knowledge 
Recommend Persons of the best Characters, most interest and 


The favourable Disposition You have upon former occasions 
Shewn will We hope be continued; all which favours have and 
will be gratefully acknowledged. — 

I beg leave to inclose you a Sketch of this part of the County 
by which you will see in what manner the Division of the Districts 
is made. 

I Remain in behalf of my Townsmen 

With the Greatest respect & truest 

Your most Obedient 

and most obliged humble Servant 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 


Kinderhook 1 7«K April 1 772 

Henry Van Schaack Esq". 
Letter w'''. an Inclosure 
Ans< Ap'. 24*.— 


A. L. S. 

Albany April 2hK 1772 

I Rec^ your Letter Concerning the Bricks you Wanted I Can 
make them upon no other terms than these & that is for lOy p"^ 
thousand & find myself or 8y If you find me But to find the 
Hands I Cannot Do it & if those Terms will Soot you please 

^ In Johnson's hand, 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 451 

to Let me Know it as Soon as possible Because there is a man 
that wants to agree with me But the Hands you must find 

Sir I am your Humble 


Sir William Johnston 
Johnstons Hall 


Alby. IhK Mil letter 
from Jonathan Brooks 
Brickmaker — 

A. L. S. 

Albany April 23\ 1772 
Honoured Sir/ 

Yesterday I returned from New York and take the first Opper- 
tunity to acquaint you of my Land affairs — M"^ Low with great 
Reluctance Yealded to let John Bergen have his Land; which 
they Have all signed at last, and agreed it should be according 
to the intention of the Petitions, and not according To the words 
thereof. But would not agree that M"^. Glen and others. Should 
have their Land in that Certain place, but in Common With 

I Then told the Gentlemen interested in The Southeren five 
Petitions, that I had M^ Lows Orders Verbal, to Settle with 
Mes". Glen Yats &c In the best manner I could, and he would 
confirm it. And if they had the Land they Preyed for by Virtue 
of My Agreement ; they are to leave them Gentlemen thier 9000 
Acres of Land Which they refused to do, but say they will have 
Thier part of the Mony ready at the Governors Going Up to the 

In Johnson's hand. 

452 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Hall and get Him to settle it ! I told them that if they expected 
to be benefited by so Cheap Agreement, they must Stand to 
Every part of it, or I could not try to get their Indian Deed 

Executed for them it put ]VI^ Palmer In such a 

fret that he told my concern in Totten And Crossfields Petition, 
that it was All Mountain, And so far prevailed on them to believe 
it, that they Desired Me to Send M^ Campbell out to the West 
and North of What I had been Over myself. And At the same 
time they would pay the mony to M"^ Banyar untill his report — 
I readyly Agreed to it, but it will detain me About a month 
Longer. — 

Whether M"^ Low & them Gentlemen Pay the Mony or 
not, and Whether they prevail on Mes". Glen and Yats (by 
their new scheme) or not, to become Tenants in Common with 
them; I intend to pay the Full Sum Agreed for; and at Such 
times, Being 

Honoured Sir 

Your Most Obedient 
And Very Humble Servant 

Eben Jessup 

P. S. I Send Your Honour a coppy of their Agreement Because 
I cannot go immediately Up to the Hall. 

I Did all in my Power by reasoning to bring Them to agree 
to Confirm the Whole of My Proceeding But no other ways 

The Monies in M"" Banyars Hands is That of the Gentlemen 
Concerned in the Townships. 

Sir William Johnson Bar' 


Alby. April 23d. 1 772 

M^ Jessups letter with 
Copy of an Agreement 
between y*. Parties — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 453 


Johnson-hall April 23^. 1772. 
Dear Sir/ 

I have Just received your favor of the 7^^ ins', with the inclosure 
and at the same time a Letter from M"" Maisonville my Resident 
at Ouiaghtonon of the 12'^ of Feby, wherein he acquaints me that 
in December last Eleven Kickapous having set out to go to War 
met on their way at the Mouth of the Ouabache with two English- 
men whom they Seized and Carried prisoners to their wintering 
place about 120 miles from Ouiaghtonon, That the rest of the 
Indians are much discontented thereat, that as they have been all 
Scattered abroad at their Wintering places he has not been able 
to speak to them in publick Since his arrival, but that they were 
to return home in March when he wo'^. deliver himself to them 
fully, on the Subjects committed to him, and make a faithful! 
[report] of all proceedings as soon as possible afterwards; he 
adds that Finlay who had been taken last Spring at the Ilinois by 
the Kickapous has been redeemed last Aug' for one hundred & 
twenty pounds value of Merchandise by a Frenchman who came 
from Ilinois for that purpose. I shall In the best manner I can 
Communicate the Kings orders to M"". Maisonville for his better 
Information, and government thereon, and I shall do the same 
with the 6 Nations, to prevent any Misrepresentat"*. that 
may be made thereon by the French or Indians to the 
Southwestward. — 

I now take the Liberty to inclose you the Accot of Expences^ 
in my Department to the 25*^. ult°. for which I beg the favor 
of your Warrant so soon as it is convenient. — 

I am with Great Truth & Regard 

Dr Sr. &c 

His Excelb Lieut. Gen^. Gage 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

2 In the manuscript letter in the William L. Clements Library, Ann 
Arbor, Mich., the words "and Sallarys" are added at this point. The 
indorsement states that the account is from Sept. 1 771 to March 1 772. 

454 Sir William Johnson Papers 


April 23d. 1 772 _ 

To Lieut Gen'. Gage 


Johnson hall ApK 23^. 1772 — 

I ] 

I lately received your Letter inclosing me a General Accot 
of the late House of Lyle & Kennedy against myself & family. 
As I had many dealings with them & sundry rec'^ for money &c 
I cannot tell how to settle it, until I am favored with more par- 
ticular accots. — especially as I find one Capital mistake in the 
Charge ag*- S^ John of a Sum long since paid ; — I have also 
heard that M*"- Kennedy puts in pretensions to these, or some of 
these accots. — 

You may be assured that on your sending me a particular 
State of these matters I shall lose no time in settling the affair as 
it ought to be done 

I am Gentlemen &ca 

April 23d. 1 772 _ 

To Gregg & Cunningam 


Johnson hall April 24^. 1772 — 

I ] 

I have just received your Letter of the 1 7'*^ which needs no 
apology, as I am allways ready to hear any thing that regards 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 ASS 

the Satisfaction of the People, and equally disposed to serve 
them, if it is within my power. — 

I have not heard any thing of the Arrangements you speak of, 
or of any designs of that sort, and Indeed I am inclined to think 
that from the nature of the Subject, there will be nothing more 
done, without a thorough enquiry. — With regard to the improper 
Choice of Magistrates, as it is a matter of much importance to be 
remedied I shall give it proper attention when I see the Governor 
which, as it will be soon, I believe all matters must be deferred 
till then. 

It is my usual practice to enquire amongst the principal 
Inhabitants Concerning those Officers with whom it is impossible 
that I sho*^. be acquainted, and you may be assured that if such 
a thing should take place with regard to your Fathers Regiment 
as you mention, I shall do the same. — 

Col°. Johnson writes you a few lines by this opportunity so 
that I need only add my best wishes to all Friends about you and 
that I am allways theirs and Your hearty Well wisher 

& very humble Serv*. 
H Van Schaack Esq^ 


April 24'^ 1 772 — 

To Heny. Van Schaack Esq"". . 

A. L. S.i 

Johnson Hall April 24^K 1772. 

As by the late law for the dividing Tryon County into Dis- 
tricts the Time draws near for the Election of Officers & as it 
is recommended to the Majistrates to give publick Notice thereof. 

^ In possession of Hall Park McCullough, North Bennington, Vt. 

456 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have least you might not be acquainted therewith prepared a 
proper Advertisement a Copy of vv^hich I now inclose you; It 
wall be necessary for you to have three or four Copies made of it, 
and set up in the best & most publick places for Notifying the 
contents to the People, And it will be necessary for you to 
acquaint them with the Nature & importance of this Election, 
That their choice may fall on persons of the best Characters & 
Abilities, and that they may at the Ensuing Election fix on the 
most proper place where such Elections are to be held in future. 
I have mentioned in each Advertisement such place for Meeting 
as I thought best, but if you think otherwise You may alter it 
accordingly. By this opertunity I send a Letter with an Adver- 
tisement to the Magistrates within the other Districts, — which 
I hope will be safely forwarded, 

I am Sir, 

Y"" Welwisher 
& Humble Serv* 

W, Johnson 


A. L. S. 

Kingston April 25^K 1772 

[ ] 

We just Received News from New York that our friend 
[ ] ready to assist us in Obtaining the Militia officers 

[ ] and Advising us to Be Expeditious 

[ ] Coll. Broadstreet to Write to S^ W"". 

Johnson for [ ] his approbation of the Within Inclosd 

List and at the Same time if S^ W"". Should approve of those 
Gentlemen [ ] Inclose the List to his Excellencey the Gov- 

enour M^ Tryon Which favour We hope you will Obtain for 
Us if possible. Our Express has orders to wait on S^ William 
Johnson with your Letter and to return you his Answer. We 
must wholy Confide in the Assistance we Expect to have from 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 457 

you as we have no other friend In your Quarter We dare trust 
to & more Especialy in Obtaining this Importent favour, Which 
We trust you Shall Assist us in and to dispatch this Affair as 
Soon as possible. We beg you will mention to S^ William if he 
Should Approve of the List to forward it to his Excellencey By 
the Bearer. We are Strangers to S^ W'". and it is Intirely out 
of our power to obtain this favour from him only through your 
means and Interest, Whereof we trust the Whole of it to your 
prudent Care, In which you may Be sure Will Greatly Retreive 
our Interest and Much Oblidge many of your friends and Most 


Egbert Dumond 



Colonel John Bradstreet Esq^ 



p^ favour of 

M^ A. Dumond 


Kingston Apr. 25\ 1 772 

From M"^ Egbert Dumond 
to Coll Bradstreet with a 
List of Officers for the first 
Ulster Regiment. — 

A. L. S.i 

Albany 27^K April 1772 

The enclos'd I have this moment receiv'd, which I take the 
liberty to forward to You, and to Assure You, the persons men- 

^ In New York Public Library, New York City. 

458 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tion'd in the Enclos'd List are all friends to your friend at 
New York, and that the latter wish to establish them in the way 
propos'd — and I hope You will grant their request in recom- 
mending them to the Governor by the return of the bearer. 
I have the honor to be with great regard 


Your Most Obedient 
humble Servant 

Jn° Bradstreet 
Sir W". Johnson Bar'. 


A. L. S. 

Somerset County 
East N. Jersey ApK 
28iK J 772 

The bearer Adrian Hogeland informs me he intends applying 
to You in order to settle on some of your lands and has requested 
this as an introduction to you for that purpose he is by trade a 
Carpenter born of a good Family in the City of New York hath 
lived in this Neighbourhood Many years and is of good C*. 
having allways behaved himself well you will be good enough 
to pardon the freedom I take and impute it to a disposition to 
serve my fellow Creture and believe me to be with great respect 

Your Most hum'. Serv'. 

Philip Van Horne 
addressed : 


The Hon^'« 

S^ William Johnson 
Att his Seat on the 

Mohawks River 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 459 


East Jersey April 28»f>. 1 772 

Phill. Van Home Esq^^ 
Letter — 


Johnson Hall April 29^K 1772. 

The Bearer delivered to me your favor of the 27*''. with the 
inclosures concerning the Militia, on w^hich Subject I detained 
him till I had examined the Books and returns. — I am not 
acquainted with the Gentlemen mentioned in the List only as I 
find some of them already returned amst. the returns from that 
County; neither has any late State been transmitted to me from 
the Commanding Officer of Vacancies or otherwise either for 
the first Ulster Regt, or the Troop of Horse, without examining 
which I am not authorized to recommend any List, notv\dthstand- 
ing my Inclination to favor the application of Gentlemen who 
come so well recommended. The only thing I can do at present 
in the matter is to order a Return of that Regiment without 
delay by which I shall be enabled to Judge whether it requires 
a division into two parts which is probably what the Gentlemen 
desire, or in what other manner it will be most fitting to Gratify 
their request. — This delay cannot prejudice their Suit as I have 
no reason to Suppose that any person will proceed so irregularly 
as to offer^ any other recommendations without my knowledge, 
or if they did, that his Excelb the Gov', would pay regard to 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

^ On the margin of the manuscript at this point are the words "a hint," 

460 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them, and I shall lose no time in procuring the necessary Returns 
to Justify my proceedings in behalf of these Gent. 

I am with great regard, 
Co . . Jn°. Bradstreet. 


April 29'K 1 772 — 

To Col. John Bradstreet 
on Militia affairs. — 

A. L. S. 

N. York 29^h April 1772 
Dear Sir 

On my Arrival here I enquired for the little Brass pieces of 
Cannon I Informd you of, but as M"". Guion is gone [away] 
to the West Indies, his Correspondent here can give [no acc]ount 
of them so beleive they are disposed of. 

Major Clarke from the West Indies is here & We haverenew'd 
our Acquaintance he receiv'd me very kindly and ask'd how You 
was, he is coming up the River he tells me, as high as Conojohary 
to look at his Land there, also to go upon the Spot in Corry's 
Bush, where he has twelve thousand Acres which is I beleive 
one half of the Patent it being a testimentary gift from his father, 
he told me he should set out w*^. the Gov^ but twas somewhat 
of a Secret for fear of being crowded with Company, he says if 
there is above four he shall come alone, the Gov^ told him he 
woud set out for Albany presently after the birth Day which 
will be very early in June; wheras he tells me, there is to be a 
Conference w*^. the Ind^, if so it can be no News to you. You'll 
excuse my repeating it, as I woud not omit any intelligence of 
moment. Lord Hillsborough it is said v\nll be L'^. L*. of Ireland. 

In Johnson's hand, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 461 

D"". Jones is certainly gone home to have his throat cut for a Wen 
contiguous to it, so shall bring back Col Guys Letter unopen'd. 
the 7*^. & 23^. Reg'*, are to releive the Roy'. Americans in N. 
America as Cap'. Stewart writes me the Roy'. Am*^*"*. being to 
releive them, this he hears frm London, as also the Troops in 
Jamaica. I hope this may find You & family well Be pleasd 
to make my Compl'*. acceptable to D^ Dease. I shall not have 
the pleasure of seeing you till the Middle of May till then & 
always I am w'*^ unabated Respect y"^ Most obHg'd & most 
humble Serv'. 

R° Shuckburgh 

P. S. I was to wait on the Gov^ who receiv'd me very graciously 
& desir'd me to call again before I went away w'^'^. I shall do — 



the Hon 


L • 

S^ Wilh. 






Tryon — 


April 29'h 

. 1772- 


Doctor Shuckburghs letter 
from N York 

A. L. S.2 

Johnson Hall Aprill 29^K 1772 


I have Just received your letter of the 1 7''^. Ins', which needs 
no Apology, as I am always ready to hear anything that regards 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Library of University of Pittsburgh. 

462 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Satisfaction of the People, & equally disposed to serve them 
if it is within my power. 

I have not heard any thing of y^. Arrangements You speak of, 
or of any Designs of that Sort, and Indeed I am incHned to think 
that from the nature of the Subject there will be nothing more 
done without a thorough Enquiry. 

With regard to the improper Choice of Magistrates as it is 
a Matter of much importance to be remedied, I shall give it 
proper attention when I see the Governor, which, as it will be 
soon I believe all Matters must be deferred 'till then. — It is 
my usual practice & has been these 22 Years past, to enquire 
amongst the principal Inhabitants concerning those Officers with 
whom it is Impossible that I should be acquainted, and You 
may be assured that if such a thing should take place with regard 
to Your Fathers Regiment as You Mention I shall do the Same. 

Co'. Johnson writes You a few lines he tells me by this oper- 
tunity. So that I need only add my best Wishes to all Friends 
about You, and that I am Always theirs & Your Hearty Wel- 
wisher, & verry 

Humble Servant 

W Johnson 
Henry Vanschaak Esq^ 


A. L. S. 

Post Ofice Albany /^' May 1772 

I am sorry that your Post has been detained here for the 
New York Post ever since last Monday Evening who did not 
arrive at this Office untill two oClock Past M of this day. 
Gallinger has been Impatient enough, he now Setts off. 

To put any Dependance on the York Post Rider's punctuality 
in coming in at a fixed Time was all a Joke — but now he says 
that he will possitively be in Next Saturday the 9'^. of May so 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 463 

that I think your Post may be here at any Rate on Sunday 
Evening the 10*. 

I am Respectfully Sir 

Your very hu Servant 

Jn° Monier 
I Inclose you by desire of M"" Ten Broeck 
Six printed papers to be Struck up at 
different places on the Mohawk River 

Sir Wi^. Johnson Baronet 


M^ Moniers letter 
May 1«*. 1772 — 



Albany May 6"'. 1772 

upon my return from New York which was Yesterday I 
received your favor of the 1 7'^. April I shall follow the directions 
therein given of taking the deed from the Sheriff in the Name of 
M"" Yates and then draw the proper Conveyance from him to 
you — there was nothing remarkably new at York of an Agree- 
able or intertaining Nature worth Communicating to you. There 
was on last Sunday early in the Morning a Considerable de- 
vastation by Fire which took rise from a distillery the property 
of one Hildreth near the Shipyards which distroyed several 
houses — I heard whilst there that Commissions of the pleas and 
the peace were made out for Tryon and Charlotte County's that 
many of your Family and Friends were Appointed Judges in 
the Former and that Major Skeene Col° Schuyler and M"". Duer 
were Appointed in the latter — 

In answer to your last Favor of the first Instant this morning 
received respecting the Unfortunate Tice I have to Observe that 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

464 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Taylor mentioned to me something about a Suit that he had or 
Intended to Commence ag^ Tice which from his Account of the 
matter and what I beleive to be Fact has no Connection with the 
former Suit and demand he had ag' him the present suit is as I 
understand it founded upon a Recommendation Tice gave to 
Taylor in favor of one Knagg's I thing it was from whence he 
fraimed a Claim of several hundred pounds ag* Tice but in 
Consideration of the hardship upon him he abated [ ] 

half of the Demand or thereabouts and took Tivces Note for 
[ ] agreed upon between them this M"" Tice must 

remember [but he] probably did not recollect when he gave 
you a Detail of the other Transactions — the Aforegoing is all 
I can at present meterially say on the Subject which hastily 
prepaired for an Oppertunity that now Offers to be forwarded. 

I am Sir your 

most Obediant & very 

humble Servant 

The Hon'''^ Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnsons Hall 


[Albany] May 6'K 1772 — 
M^ Silvesters Letter 


New York ] 
May 7. 1772 J 

Agreeable to my last of the 29th of April, I now inclose your 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 465 

This goes to Albany under the Care of Abraham Yates, Esq 
with 7 Sets of the Laws and 4 Conductor Generahs, which I 
hope you'll receive; also the Laws of the last Session for Col. 
Guy, and Sir John Johnson And Sir 

Your obliged humble Servant 

Hugh Gaine 
addressed : 


Hon. Sir William Johnson, Bart 

Johnson Hall 

May 7»h 1 772 

M^ H. Gaines Letter 

A. D. S.2 

Johnson Hall May 7'/-. 1772 — 

Then Rec*^. M^ Josias Swart by Co'. Butler the Amount of a 
Servant Man being Sixteen pounds, of which Sum I acquit M^ 
Swart, notwithstanding his note in my hands which now cannot 
be found. 

W Johnson 


Johnson Hall May 8^K 1772.— 

A few days since M"" Joseph Teed came here & delivered 
the bond Executed by you and your Associates for the perform- 
ance of the Agreem^ about the Land, he afterwards went out 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In possession of A. P. Walton, Schenectady, N. Y. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

466 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and Viewed some parts of it, with which he does not appear to 
be well Satisfied, saying that there is but very little to be had 
good in a body together, for which reason he has demanded the 
bond again, which I have not thought proper to Comply with, 
because as he came alone and that it is possible he may be preju- 
diced, or an Insufficient Judge of the Quality of the Land, I 
thought it more reasonable & Satisfactory that the same sho^. 
be viewed by two or three discerning Men well Authorized for 
that purpose, under this Apprehension I now inclose you a bond 
Executed on my part at the same time assuring you that it is far 
from my Intent", to take any undue advantage of y^ Agreem*. 
for should it really on a more Strict examination prove unfit for 
your use, I shall readily deliver up your bond & Consider the 
Agreement as of no Effect — I expect to hear from you on this 
Subject & remain. Sir, 

Your very humble Serv*. 
M^*. Lawrence. 


May 8'^ 1772.— 

To M*^ Lawrence of Dutchess 
Co: about Lands. — 


L. S. 

Schohary May S"- 1772 

We the Supcribers are Desired by a party of the Schohary 
Indians as they Say we Liveing nearly to the Land here under 
mentioned and are to be the Best Judges Thereof To Let Sir 
William know what The Land is worth which the two old Indian 
weomen have Baught of Nicholas Becker at Schohary for the 
Sum of three hundred pounds, which Sum of three hundred 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


pounds we think is Realy too much — we Can not Valued higher 
then one hundred and Eighty pounds as the Said Nicholas 
Becker has offered to one of us to Sell the Said Land for that 
money and we would not give That price as we gues there is but 
about Ten acres of Low Land which may be planted with 
Indian Corn if all Cleared and the Rest thereof is but hills and 
Bad Land we Remain 

Sir your most obedient 
humble Serv** 




Johannes Knis Kern 
Jacob Schefer Junier 
Jacob Siejer [?] 


the honourable 
Sir WILLIAM Johnson 


The honourable 

Sir William Johnson 


Johnson hall 


May 8'^ 1 772 _ 

from Sevr'. Inhabitants 
of Schohare relative to y^. 
Lands of Nich*. Becker 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

468 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall May 8 J 772] 

I 1 

to expect [ ] 

about what I proposed for him [ ] 

of Answering himself, — He^ has fre[quently expressed a] 
desire to be out of the Commission of the [ ] 

was reasonable enough, as his advanced Age [ ] 

a very sufficient Excuse: on this account [ ' ] 

kind and friendly to give him notice before he [ ] 

because it was not intended to put in people who [ ] 

This act of friendship in me he has returned with ingra[titude] 
[ ] probably he might have misunderstood it, in which 

[ ] he is scarcely excuseable from the latter part 

of your [ ] which I don't rightly understand unless 

he means by [ ] that times are greatly altered, That 

his family have got [ ] Several posts thro' my friend- 

ship and good offices without [ ] Times would not 

have been so altered — If he was allways [ ] the 

new Commis". he may unless his memory has failed recollect 
by [what] means that was done. This much I know that he 
would [ ] been in it for some years past espe- 

cially since the heavy Comp[laints] made ag^ him at N York 
but thro' my interposition with Sir H Moore in his behalf; but 
as I am used to receive many Instances of Ingratitude I think 
it needless to say anything farther on a Subject so little worthy 
my attention as the present. — I am sensible that in this affair 
you only acted upon his direction and am allways Sir 

Y"" friend & Wellwisher 
Rudolph Shomaker Esq^ — 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

^ Lines burned off. 

^Colonel Harkemar (Herchheimer), 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 469 


A. L. 5.1 

Detroit May 8'K 1772 
Dear Sir 

I receiv'd your obliging favour by express in the winter, & 
am now to return you a thousand thanks for the pains you are 
willing to take to get my Boy from the Indians, this is an affair 
I have very much at heart & flatter myself with your interest to 
affect it — You have been misinform'd as to the death of his 
mother : she being still alive — I am also to thank you for pro- 
curing me the payment of my Indian Acc^ — 

A few days ago I assembled the Chiefs of the Hurons & 
delivered your message, they were all satisfied except Babie,^ 
who by the by is a sensible fellow but a great rascal — I scolded 
him a little for his want of faith — upon the whole they have 
requested me to return you their thanks for your intention of 
sending them a Bell, which I assured them they will receive — 
They promise to profit by your admonitions & that for the future 
they will not listen to the singing of bad birds with which they 
find this country abounds especially in the spring (tho entre 
nous) they are greatly suspected to cherish several of those Birds 
amongst themselves. They concluded by thanking the Master 
of Hfe for having reistablish'd your health & hope to have the 
pleasure of shaking you by the hand soon — 

I would rather remain amongst the Savages all my life time 
than go to the West Indies to broil, and I am so accustom'd to 
the sight of Indians that if ever I settle it must be some where 
near your place that I may at least have a sight of a Mohawk 
now and then — 

The 30''^. of April we launch'd two fine new Vessells & the 

1 In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^ A Huron chief whose Indian name was Odinghquanooron. He 
appears to have possessed considerable influence in his tribe. 

470 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Merch**. have three so that our Navy on the Lakes cuts a for- 
midable appearance. The Savages about here pretend to be 
much frighten'd at the Six nations, who they imagine have an 
intention to take up the Hatchet — they sometimes tell me I 
certainly must know, as I have a child amongst them & being 
of course their own flesh & blood — it would now be an easy 
matter to stir up some mischief amongst them — I am 

with great regard 
Your most Obedient & most 
Obligd humb': Servant 

Ja^. Stevenson 
S**. William Johnson Baronet 

INDORSED:^ Cap*. Stevensons Letter 
May 8*^. 1 772 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 




[May 9. 1772] 


[ ] land [ ] due 

for [ ] and drawing Deed of 


To d° paid for 33 bus Oa [ ] 
Bags Freight &C^ 

To d° paid G. Banyar the Contra 

Sum of 

To d° paid for 1 12'^ Sheet Iron & 

a large Lock 

To d° paid for Sundry Hatters 

Trimings sent you ^ your order 

^ Cap^ Pemberton 

To d° paid your Bill favor Col°. 


To d° paid Moses Ibbitt ^ your 


To d° paid your Bill to Thomas 


To d° paid Cap*. Pemberton ^ your 


To d° paid your d° to Phyn & 


To d° paid your d° to Thomas Gal- 

To d° d° to Daniel Claus . . 

To do d° to Thomas 


To d° paid your Bill on us 19 

March to R. Montgomery 

To do do 1 April 

to ditto 

To d° paid Isaac Low ^ your 


To amo^ Sundries sent you by Cap*. 





[ ] 



[ ] 




^ -• 




r 1 



[ ] 


r 1 

[ ] 


L J 

r 1 


r 1 

[ ] 


L J 




[ i 



r 1 



[ ] 



r 1 



r •, 


r -1 

[ ] 

^ Probably inclosed in Hugh and Alexander Wallace's letter to Johnson 
March 4, 1873 with a later account ending March 4, 1773. Earliest 
date of account is Jan. 17, 1771. 5ee Johnson Calendar, p. 503. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ 1 

[ ] 

[ ] 

[ ] 5 

[ 1 

[ ]9 

To Postage of Letters on Your 


[ the Contra 

By 3 Lots of Land 

By Cash from the Proprietors of 

Oriskeny Pattent 

By Capt. R. PhilHps Bill on us 

Your favor 

By Cash from Ab. Mortier 24 Dec^ 

^ your order 

By d° d** this day .... 

By ballance due Hugh & Alex^ 

Wallace this day 



[ ] 







£ [ ] [] [ 1 

[ ] 

Errors Excepted New York 9^^ May 1 772 

Hugh & Alex'^ Wallace 



[ ] Wallaces Ace' 

& March 4'h. 1773 



[May 9^K 1772] 

Following is the Contents of a Crate of Earthen Ware sent Sir 

William Johnson Bar' Viz*. 

[ ] patt. Oval Dishes 21 Inches 

d° 18 d°. 

ditto 17 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 














r 1 flatt 1 ^ 

r i r, ^ Plates 

[ J ooups 

[ ] Small d«. 

[ ] Terrine & Dish 

[ ] [ ]-d». 

[ ] gest Boats & Stands 

[ ] t Baskets & Stds 

[ ] ted Salts 

[ ] Pickle Leaves & 4 less 

[ ]all Boats & Stands 

[ ] Quart mugs & 2 Pints 

[ ] te & Box in Crate 


D. S. 

[May 9"". 1772] 

Receiv'd New York 9 May 1772 from Hugh & [Alex.] 

Wallace One pipe of Wine, One hogsh'^. Jamaica Rum, One 

hogsh^. York Rum, Ten Barrells Pork, four barr^ Beef, One 

Tierce Loaf Sugar, One barrell refined Sugar, Two Barrells 

Muscovada Sugar, One Canister Tea, Four Boxes Spermacite 

Candles One Cask Barley and 1 Crate of Queens Ware — 

which I promise to deliver to the order of Sir William Johnson 

Bar^ at Albany I receiving Customary Freight for the Same — 

n ^r , William Staats 



Cap*. Staats Receipt 
for Stores of mine 
May 9*^ 1 772 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

474 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

CachneWago May 9 1772 
Honored Sir/ 

I am much obliged to you for the Perusial of M^ Jesseps 
Letter and a Copey of the agreement Betwen them which I now 
Retorn here Inclosed — I Can not finde that there is aney thing 
therein that will is ment for to Effect me in my Agreement with 
M*" Jesseps — But Should there Be I hope you will Stand my 
frinde as I Put my hole Trust in you to asist me — and I will 
always here afther Look on it as Comming from you — thrue 
Perswasion of M"^ Jesseps I gave op all the Lands I was to have 
had to the westward if wat Gleen & yattis mene to have on Both 
Sides of the Rever : to give the Jentelman in New York a f runt- 
edge on the Rever and then maid an agreement with M"^ Jesseps 
for to Take mine Down to the North Rever I am Shure the 
Indians mene to geve me Lands: I Beleve no man in the County 
gives more to Indians Except your onner then I Do and have 
Done a thime Past: and have a great Dele of Trubele with them 
more then these [ ] 

in new york have [ ] and I also have 

Ventured my Life in the ware with them for the good of the 
Contry why Should I saal Low and others have more Right then 
I — and in all that thime they ware at Home maing money 
I hope you will not take it amiss my Speking to Sir wi'": 
so now I have Reson By wot I heard from new york the other 

Pray wot is to Be Done with a Bell as Some of your Servant 
Brought here the other Day 

I am going to Albany a Munday Next If I am well if Sir wi"": 
has Aney Commands Down I will Gladly Do them. So I 
Remane your Most obedient humbele 

Jelles Fonda 
To Sir william Johnson &c 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 



Major Fonda's letter 

May9^ 1772 Ans^< 
Imediately — 


D. S. 

Invoice of Sundries sent ^ Cap*. Pemberton for Account of 
Sir William Johnson Bar' Vizt 

A^ York 9 May 1772 

1 Pipe of best London Wine 

1 hogsh^. Jamaica Rum cont?. 1 10 Gall^ (a) A^/2^ 

1 ditto. .York ditto. . . . 129d° 2/5 

lObarrells of Pork 100/ 

4 d° Beef 62/6 

1 Crate of Queens Ware, Compleat 

15 loaves double refin'd Sugar w* 1 13"^ (a) 1/8. . .9.8.4- 

barrell for d° . 2 . - 

2 barr^ Muscovado Sugar N° 

5.3. 8.46 
1.18 tare 

1 Canister Bohea Tea 26"^ 

5.1.18 Neat @ 58/ 
2 barrells for d° 

. ..@ 4y3d 5.10.6 

Canister f or d° . . . . . 1 4 . - 










• • 








"^ In Johnson's hand. 


Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 

4 Boxes Spermacite Candles 
N« 32..4214..9 
5. .43. ...10 

22.. 431/2.. 101/2 
9.. 43.... 1014 

171%.. 39^ 
39% tare 1321b @ 2/8. . . . 17. . 12 

4 B 




a Padlock for the Tea Canister , 

1 Cask Barley w'. 200 @30/, 


1 Cask Loaf Sugar w*. 5.1.8 

2.25 tare lb 

4.2.11 is515 @ 12/. .25.. 15..- 

Tierce 0.. 3. .6 

Carting the whole 







Errors Excepted N York 9 May 1 772 

Hugh & Alexr Wallace 

Hugh Wallaces Acc^ 
May 9^ Mil — 

£ 264.. 7.. 5 for 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

PosUWar Period, 1763-1774 All 


A. Df. S. 

Johnson Hall May I O^K 1772 


Your favour of the 15*^. Febr'^y last with a Blank power 
of Attorney came safe to Hand, [&] I now return the latter prop- 
erly filled agreable to your directions, and hope it will answer. — 
You will be pleased (as soon as you conveniently Can) to 
Send me a State of the Whole, [and your] opinion concerning 
Stocks. — 

I am Sir with perfect Esteem, 

Your real Welwisher 

& Humble Servant 

WJ — 
SamK Baker Esq' 



To Sam^ Baker Esq'. 
w*. power of attorney — 

A. L. S. 

[New York, May 10, 1772] 

[ ] 

[ ] that I have been absent Five 

[ ] greatly hurryed ever since my 

[ ] hope it will be some degree of Apology for [my] 

not writeing so often as I ought, or as my own inclination leads 
me. Indeed I would have wrote you ere this, but wanted to get 
the County Town of Tryon County fixed — which was only 
done this day — its fixed at Johnstown — The List of the 

In Johnson's hand. 

478 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Officers you sent me came too late for to get the Sherriff & Clark 
you mentioned fixed, as the Governor gave both away, vv^hile I 
w^as away at Philad^. He seems to wish he had not been in such 
a Hurry, as he would gladly have obliged you — Blagge was 
with him in North CaroHna who recommended White I cannot 
tell, You know the Governor makes Sherriffs & Clarks of himself 
without advice of Councill, except in the City New York & C". 
of Albany. All the Judges & Justices you recommended are fixt 
& as M^ Adams could not be Sherriff I have put him down for 
Coroner, which hope youll approve off. I have no doubt you v^ll 
get both Sheriff & Clark fixed next year to your Mind. I wish 
you had wrote early to Gov^ Tryon. I believe he expected it — 
he talks of going your way in June but its not yet fixed, if he does 
I shall I fancy accompany him — I shall write you [ ] 

[ ] now go on well [ ] 

intend to fix the County [ ] 

my producing your Letter [ ] 

with great good will — I think you [ ] 

him a Letter on the Subject — The Ordinance [ ] 

the County, will be got ready imediately & sent you. 

I have purchased all the Artickles ordered & sent by the 
bearer Cap* Staats. I fancy the Wine is for your own use I 
have [ ] a Pipe fine old London Wine — if you want 

for [ ] use, let me send you Pipe for £55 — The 

Earthen Ware is a Common Sett — If its too small a Sett for 
you I will send you the fellow of it, & then you will have a com- 
pleat large Sett — The Pork & Beef verry dear as is all Country 
Produce, but is to be got cheaper — I sent a Cask of Barley as 
I got it for a little more than I could get a Hhd Weight. Inclosed 
is Invoice of the whole Am* £ 264 . . 7 . . 5 & hope all will get 
safe & please you — 

Inclosed is your Ace* with the late M"" Mortier Ballance due 
you £238. .16. .2 which I suppose to be right — M"" Barrow 
Pay Master at Quebec is appointed to succeed M^ Mortier here. 
He is a verry clever & good Man — Inclosed is your Ace* with 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 479 

us Ballance due us £156. .8. .7 which [I] fancy youll find 
right — When we can serve you pray command us freely — 
M". Wallace is well & desires her Comp^^ she talks of a jaunt 
to see you as soon as we can spare time — Nothing new but 
what you see in the Publick Papers — Great Britain [ ] 

[ ] here [ ] 

the best we could get — [ ] best wishes & 

Compl'* attend you & yours [ ] in hearing you are got 

very hearty & that you have not been so stout these two [years] 
past as you are at present — I am most [ ] & 



Your most obed^ Serv* 

Hugh Wallace 
Flour 3 1 V6d 
Wheat 8/ ^ bushell 

Since closing your Ace* we have paid your Bill on us to John 
Mynderse £40 

Sir Will Johnson Bar* 
Johnson Hall 


[ ] 

M^ Wallaces letter & Ace*. 
Ans'*^. 21*t. Ins*. — 


A^eu; York May 12'K- 1772 — 
Dear Sir, 

I have received your Letter of the 23^^ : April with the Account 
inclosed, which I have given into the office that a warrant may be 
made out. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

480 Sir William Johnson Papers 

If Maisonville acts with Fidelity and Sincerity, which I think 
it's now his Interest to do, and what from the Character given of 
him there is reason to expect, he may do good Service upon the 
ouabache, and acting in Conjunction with the Person you intend 
sending down the ohio, I think they may between them keep the 
western Indians in good Temper. I have long Suspected, and 
do now firmly believe, that all the Reports we have had of 
French Intrigues and Machinations with the Indian Nations, 
have taken their Rise from unwarrantable Means pursued by the 
French Traders, to keep the Trade in their own hands, without 
the Participation of the English. You will recollect the Threats 
of several Nations near the Lakes, if British Traders ventured 
in their Villages, and that some of them were actualy Murthered. 
But it's near two years since I have beared any Complaint of the 
kind, and am now informed that English and French trade 
Promiscuously about the Lakes. This shews that the Prejudices 
against us have, in spite of the French People, worn off by 
Degrees, and I imagine by time and Management, all Partys 
will be brought to the same Temper to the Westward. If British 
Traders are introduced amicably upon the ouabache they would 
proceed of themselves, for No People are fonder than Indians of 
Plenty and variety of Trade. And I imagine your Deputy and 
Maisonville might easily get the Consent of the Nations to this, 
and bring them in a short time to a Temper different from what 
they have been in. I don't imagine it would produce much 
Benefit as few of our Traders would go so far down the ohio; 
but we might thereby prevent many Disadvantages, by preserving 
Peace in the Country, saving the Lives of some bold adventurers, 
and prevent the Clamours of the Traders, who don't fail to com- 
plain that they can't trade in the King's Territorys, and that no 
means are taken to protect them. I have heard Nothing lately 
of that Mischievous Tribe of Pouteatamies at S* : Joseph, perhaps 
they may be still troublesome. 

When you propose sending your Deputy down the ohio, please 
to inform me of his Name; that I may apply to Governor Penn 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 481 

and Lord Dunmore for Commissions of the Peace. I mentioned 
this to you some time ago, and as you very much approved of it, 
I intended to put it in Execution. 
I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant, 

Thqs. Gage 
Sr: W": Johnson Bar': 


N York May 12th 1772. 

From Lieut. Gen'. Gage. 


New York May 13^K 1772 


The General having granted you a Warrant for your half 
yearly Disbursements, I have the Honor to transmit you the 
same for Endorsement by this Occasion, as likew^ise the usual 
Receipts for the amount thereof; I am not myself in Cash to pay 
the Warrant, but I shall give to whomsoever you shall be pleased 
to appoint to recieve it, an order upon the Contractor's Agents 
here, M". Watts & M'^.Evers for the Sum of £2745-1-914; 
and have already, as I did not know your mode of transacting 
this Business, given notice to M^ M^.Evers of such a warrant 
being payable to you. 

I have the Honor to be. Sir, 

Your most obd : 

humble Serv': 

G. Maturin 
Sir Wi^. Johnson B'. — 


482 Sir William Johnson Papers 


May 13th. 1772 — 

Gabriel Maturin Esq". 

letter w^^. a Warrant & 
Receipt to be Signed — 
Ans'-d. 21=^ Ins*. 


The Johnson Calendar, p. 503, lists the following documents both of 
which were destroyed by fire: General Gage's warrant given at New 
York City, May 13, 1772 to Gabriel Maturin for payment of £4705, 
I 7s, 3%d, New York currency, to Sir William Johnson, with account 
annexed, and under the same date Sir William Johnson's receipt to 
Gabriel Maturin for the money specified in the preceding warrant. 


Contemporary Copy 

May 15, 1772 


pacify them, about 12 oClock same day [ 

Deers head and insisted for Rum, I refused th [ 

give him no Rum as he was already very deep in my [ 

angry, In the Evening he and six more came with their [ 

I heard their hoop, I went into the woods, they found [ 

them into the house, they seated themselves according to [ 

warrior, only Ninekanine being the one fix'd upon [ 

sat nearest me, They were Silent some time Wandagan [ 

warrior got up and demanded a Keg of Rum, (Said I) [ 

only have a Keg but I'll give you Rum to drink, so order'd my 

[ ] to give them a kettle of Rum and to fill a Keg, they 

afterwards [ ] Guns these I refus'd as I kept them for 

my own defence and protection but would give them any thing 

else, I had bought three pairs [ ] one pair of them they 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 483 

had borrow'd and burnt, the wanted to borrow [ ] others, 

fearing I might escape. 

Next day the 27'^^. they kill'd two Dogs boild [them] in a 
large Kettle, I was obliged to give them two kegs more of Rum 
[ ] went out soon after and stood behind a tree, heard them 

say among themselves, they would kill me and then go to River 
Trange and [ ] Nigigs house. Men, Women, and Chi 

dren eat part of the Dog and [ ^ 

[ ] tho they were savage looking [ 

[ ] believe I was not afraid to Die, but [ 

[ ] my life as dear as I could, which kept them from [ 

[ ] afraid of themselves as I thought, Ninekanine [ 

[ ] hoop'd always when they pass'd calling out the goods [ 
[ ] kill you. 

Between the 6*^. and 9^"^. of March four of the men went 
as I understood to the River Trange, and two with Some 
[ ] men went along the Lake, the left Wandagan to guard me 
[ ] was to break my Boat, and they were to meet him at a 

fix'd place and return and kill my Brother and me, Wandagan 
was for killing us both but the woman insisted to have my Brother 
to cut wood for boiling her Sugar, Wandagan answered you Shall 
have him to cut wood, but I'll kill him before I go to Detroit, Near 
about the full moon in March they were drunk, the two children 
were afraid of being kill'd beg'd I would take them in which I 
did and assured them I would defend them, I told them I would 
give no more liquor and went to bed, after that they came 
demanding more rum thinking to kill me and take all I had, not 
Satisfy'd with Several Refusals, they came with a bundle of 
lighted Straw to burn the house as I thought, and a hatchet to 
break the Door and kill me if I refus'd the liquor, I was in bed, 
they in the house breaking the Door of the place where I lay, 
I was obliged to rise up [ ] 

I '] 

■"^ ] my Shoulder with a Billet of [ ] 

• {th the end of my Spear, by some glimmering [ ] 

^^ Lines burned off. 

484 Sir William Johnson Papers 

knife Shining, I struck at that place, and [ ] 

kill'd Wandagan and two Squaws, 

For the Safety of my Brother and the two Children [ 
for them behind the top of a Hill, and stay'd at [ 
Eighteen days after this happened. Then I sett off [ 
and the two Children, meeting with many difficultys [ 
April we saw a Canoo, on the Fort Erie side of long [ 
thought it was war as they had declar'd it at Cho [ 
on my defence, calling is it peace or war, the answere[d 
said I, have you, powder and Shott said they, I have [ 
ed, gave them some Rum, we'll come and trade with you [ 
Said they, on the Tuesday following the 1 4*^. four Indians [ 
and three Children came into the Hutt, took the victuals from 
[the] fire eat them up and demanded liquor, it was given them 
[ ] their design was bad ; tho they also said it was peace, 

they [ ] me what Children these were I said they were 

English, [ ] speak both English and French, Some little 

time after they [ ] the Girl who was about twelve 

years old, She told them She [ ] an Indian, 

I immediately got up and told the Story myself then 

[ •] 

[ ] ing down the hatchet, Struck me on the [ ] 

[ ] I was afterwards ty'd and plac'd by the fire, [ ] 

[ ] some liquor, while my Brother was filling it, they whooped 
[ ] calling out they had bound a Trader ; so soon as my Brother 
[ ] liquor they bound him, and fir'd two Balls in the fire 

[ ] tighter, with my two middle fingers up to my neck, 

[ ] to my sides as Strait as they could ; repeatedly they un 

[ ] My Brother to bring rum telling him they would have his 

[ ] tomorrow. They forced me to drink with them or be 

Stabbed [ ] a knife to my Breast, after drinking a 

great quantity, tho [ ] I lost my Senses, I saw a Squaw 

give one of them a knife to [ ] me, calling out I would 

be burnt in that fire there, he immediately try'd, a Struggle^; ^ 
follow'd and he was wounded, another came to his assistanc v^ 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 485 

I call'd to my Brother for help he Shov'd the Indian off cutt 
my leather bindings, Sett me at liberty and as he told me after- 
wards, and I have some reason to believe it, there were four 
Indians and a Child kill'd. Next day we endeavour'd to make 
the best of our way, but it was early, the Lake full of ice, we 
were cast away more than once, many of my goods lost, when we 
came point Abinoe, I sett off for [ 


Soon after my arrival at the [ 
on the north side of Lake Erie about the [ 
December 1771 and before I had linish'd the [ 
my House, Wandagan and his Comerades [ 
knowing me unarm'd carried me down to the Boat, and [ 
have rum, threatning to kill, and with a Tomohawk [ 
hoops of the Cask, You are always angry said they, and [ 
to provoke me. 

About the 20''^. December Unacans [ 
Indian traded with me. But afterwards Unacans [ 
Hatchet and four Indians with their knives along with [ 
He insisted to have more, I can give you no more said I [ 
saying if you think much of the Rum I will kill you and [ 
Being so threat [e]ned I said I dont value the Rum, I will give 
what you ask, at that time they were not drunk. 

About the middle of January Two Indians with [an 
Express from Detroit came to my house one of them named [ 
had a belt about his neck it was black and two white men in [ 
believed it to be a War Belt, tho Wandagan told me, and endeav- 
oured to make me believe it to be a peace Belt ; Wandagan went 
to Niagara [ 
[ ] allow'd them to enter and [ 

About the middle of February the Express and [ 
[ ] told me so soon as the Snow was Six inches thick there [ 
[ ] th the Six Nations, Saying his Chiefs Teschetabras [ 

[ ] to the English and he would have no traders in the woods, 
[ ] Indian came call'd Ninekanine he profess'd friend- 

^ Lines burned off. 

486 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ship. These familys are bad (Says he) they are resolved to 
[ ] a few after this they brib'd him with Behs & other 

things to induce him to kill me, and sure enough he pledged these 
every belts with me, Saying you must not part with them 
I will have them [ ] the Spring some days after Wan- 

dagan and Smagun came in my Room with their knives, (we will 
kill you said they) I had my knife in my hand, I am not afraid 
to Die, if you attack me, I wont loose my life for nothing, Wan- 
dagan answered, I have kill'd three Englishmen however at that 
time they desisted; but I was oblidged from time to time to give 
them Liquor and goods for nothing for the preservation of my 
life and to quiet them till the winter was over, That night 
Ninekanine came and demanded his Pokemagan (a war instru- 
ment) he had left it with me I was afraid to give it and 
desired to be friends with him gave him liquor and promised 
the Pokemagan [ ] The others came to see the ceremony 

and Seem'd disappointed at [ ] 

[ '] 

David Ramsay 
A Copy 

Geo: Etherington 
indorsed : 

[ ] 


of David Ramsay 

May 1 772 — 

A. L. S. 

Philad-. /6'\ May 1772 — 

[ ] 

I hope you'l Excuse the liberty I now take of troubleing you 

to intrest yourself in mine & famelys behalf when I relate 
the Cause, at the time broth^ Ferrell left America he owed 

^ Lines burned off. 

Posi-lVar Period, 1763-1774 487 

me near £ 700 this Curry which he put out of his power to pay 
me by being so long in Europe & Continually spends without any 
incomeing, & was so necessiated at his return as to be obHgd 
to call upon me by letter for assistance which I Chearfully 
granted as well as to see him notwithstands all his past folly, this 
I Claim no merit from as thinking it my duty as a brother, nor 
should I have mention'd it, had it not been necess^ on the present 
Occasion and know^. it was to his best of frinds. 

I have been inform'd that Ferrall is in away to make money 
Consequently its natural for me as well for my own sake as 
famelys to do my endeavours to procure what is Justly due to 
me, and Could think of no other meathod so to do, but by 
solicits your intrest in my behalf, well knows your Influence over 
him will by far Exceed any other steps I Could possable take, 
and I shall leave the matter entirely to yours & Colo'. Claues*. 
decision by Accepting of what I shall make apear to be Justly 
oweing to me in any Manner you shall direct 

I Can assure you Sir had not my losses been so great of late 
years & particularly by my brothers whom I always endeavour'd 
to Establish in life at the risque of my fortune, as well as the large 
famely I am likely to be blessed with, I should [ ] 

on this head, and I hope will be sufficient [ ] 

plead my Excuse to you for the trouble [ ] 

about to give you. 

I have to request when you write to my brother Ferrall or see 
him that you'l [ ] him on the present Occasion in my behalf 

so as to have the matter put on such a footing that in case he 
has so much beforehand as to be able to discharge a debt so Justly 
due, that he may do it, in such a manner as not to Immediately 
distress him, in his present business and in case of death & that he 
has anything beforehand in the world that I should be Enabled to 
Come at it, in part of my debt, I dont mean this as a proposal for 
him to Comply with, as I shall leave the matter entirely to you 
in what manner will be most easiest to him & agreeable to you 
to settle it, & shall accept of any part or in any Commodity it 
may be most suitable to him to remit 

488 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I must once more beg your Excuse for this trouble as well as 
to beg a line at your leasure which with other fav" shall always 
be Acknowleg'd by 

Deare Sir 

Your much oblig'd 
& most Obed*. & 
Most Humble Serv'. 

Fran^ Wade 
The Honble S"*. W^. JoHNSON Barn^ 


The Honble Sir W™. Johnson Barn', 

Johnson Hall 
^ Edw^. Roach 

May 16^ 1772 

M*". Francis Wades letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 504, is listed a letter written at Johns- 
town, May 18, 1772, to Sir William Johnson by John Cottgrave, to 
show the need of finishing the Johnstown church, clothing poor children 
who attend it and providing a new free school building (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y., 4:473-75; Q, 4:294^95). 


L. S. 

Schohary May 18^^ 1772 — 

Received yours of the 16 Instant wherein you Mention That 
if I Come Down one hundred pounds of the Three That you will 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 489 

Do the Trouble to Satisfy all the Rest that have any Claim and 
in So Doing I will Take up with Two hundred pounds as Sir 
william has Mentioned in your Letter But I hope Sir william 
will be So good To tell all the Indians To make no more 
Demands on me after This and the Cost for Drawing the Deed 
you will also Stop So that I may have the Two hundred pounds 
Clear So no more as Expecting your answer if you please 
I Remain 

Sir your most obedient 
humble Serv*. 

Nicholas NB Becker 
To the honourable 
Sir William Johnson Barnet' 


The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Barnet 

Johnsons Hall 

May 18^ 1772 

M^ N^ Beckers letter 
concerning Lands at Schohare 


A. L. S. 

Schindy 19^h May 1772 

The Bearer and I went to albany about his Gunn & pack 
a Saturday & I had it Crayed by the Crayer & [ ] Give two 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

490 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Dollers Reward and the Major also did what he Could, I went 
with the men to the wedue Lansing where I Suposs that the 
Goodes was Lost & Tacking away from him in that Neaberhood 
for the Indian Shued me Some Moes hear that he Says he found 
in hure Yard, but She Donyed it & Swore many bitter Oads & 
thould me that the Indian went out of hure house with his gun 
& pack about 9 Oclock on thusday Evening and the pies of a 
Skin he now has with him as he Satt on Harajantie Lansings 
Stoop was flonged on the Street by the Reverand Bays whence 
in his presence So Mr Bay Give me full Sadisfaction where it 
was gate by his Servant boy & him Self Shued the Indian & me 
where it was gate by to former Kings Magesine So it Gate Leat 
in the after no'en thincks I if doe Stay tomarro I Can doe nothing 
and Came home So a Sunday I wrote all this to Abram Yattes 
olderman and Dozyred him to Send for both the wedue & hure 
Son Isaac so if thy Can Clear them Self I know not Jet but I 
Expect an Answer by Your Honers Boay Jarmia who I Kept 
here Last Knitt as he was a Stranger to the Rood & my waggon 
Going Down amty Early this Marning so that thy went togeather 
The Major of albany thould me that he was to goe to New 
England on monday & that I Should apply to Enay of the Older- 
mens there My wife Joyns me with Complement to all the famely 

And Am Sir Your Most Obediant 
& Humble Servant 

Jno B V Eps 
Sir Your pipe wine & 2 hhads of Rume 
are Come up here Jesterday & the Rest'^ : 
this day which I'^ : Send to M"^ fondas on 
the Returen of the battoe waggoners 
& battoemen is 2 Skars artickels 


Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 491 


[ ] 

[ ] Van Eps concerns. 

[ ] Indians Pack — 


Johnson hall M ay 20^K 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

I am favored with your Letter of the 12*. inst and [am] 
very much of your opinion with regard to its contents ; [Time will] 
Certainly contribute much in overcoming the prejudices [con- 
ceived by Some of\ the Indians, especially if fair dealings are 
practised by [our Traders,] and if possible the French restricted 
from propagating those Inventions with which the Indians have 
been so often abused. 

The Person acting under me on the Ohio, at present is M"". 
Alex^ M'^Kee, who next to M^ Croghan is not only best 
acquainted with, but has most influence over these Ind^ — When 
the latter represented That the State of his Affairs &c rendered 
it absolutely necessary for him to resign, I thought it best to 
indulge him on condition that as soon as these matters were Settled 
he might return to his duty if occasion required, which he indeed 
expressed his readyness to do, I therefore could not make choice 
of any other Pro Tempore Depy. than M^ M'^Kee who was on 
the Spot, has for many Years acted under M^ Croghan in the 
department, and is well qualified to discharge the duty to w*^^. 
I think his having the Commiss"" of the Peace would much con- 
tribute, he shall have all proper Instructions respecting the in- 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. Missing words are supplied from the 
A. L. S,, dated May 21, 1772, in th(j William L. Clements Library, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 

492 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tended Operations of the Indians, but I believe him already down 
the Ohio at Scioto, not having heard from him for sometime. 

His Excell^y L*. Gen^ Gage 


A. Df. 

Johnson Hall May 2hK 1772 
Dear Sir/ 

Your kind favour of the 1 0*^. Cur^ is come to hand. I must 
ow^n I w^as verry anxious to hear hovv^ the Affair of the County, 
& place for the Courts was going on, not having had a line from 
any of my friends relative thereto whilst in agitation. Yours has 
now made me easy by the agreable news it contained, and hope 
to have y^ Ordinance up Soon, which I must beg You will hurry, 
& w^. will add much to the other Obligations I am under to You 
&ca. I am highly Sensible of the Governors politeness, & friendly 
Condissention in appointing the Gentlemen whom I recom- 
mended, as likewise for approving of Johnstown as the place for 
holding the Kings Courts, and I flatter myself that when he has 
an opertunity of Seeing these parts. He will be Satisfied with his 
determination in its favour, and nothing Shall be wanting on my 
part for expediting those Matters necessary for the Establish- 
ments in the new County, nay I am now carrying on a handsome 
building intended for a Court House, towards which I shall 
contribute £500. I wish my friends in the House had exerted 
themselves, as other Gentlemen did in favour of Charlotte 
Cumberlana & Gloucester Countys, it would have enabled us to 
cope with them & probably Set them example in many things, 
but more of this hereafter. 

I have a Warrant on the Pay Master to the amount of 


£4705 ..17. .3% New York Cur'^y, for w^. Sum I now inclose 
You a Draft on Cap*. Gabriel Maturin, h shall be glad to receive 
^ thousand pounds from You, as Soon as You can get it, the 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 493 

remainder I will draw for as occasion may require. — pray Send 
me 10 Barrells more of good Pork, and a Hogshead of Molasses 
& that as Soon as You can. — please also to receive the Ball, 
due to me by the Estate of the late M^ Abraham Mortier, so 
that that Ace' may be closed. — I shall be happy to See You 
here w*. y^ Governor & glad You will give me notice a little 
before his coming. My Complim'* to 


May21^». 1772 — 

To M^ Wallace, but 
a good deal altered — 


A. D. S.2 

May 25^h 1772 
The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Bar* D'. 

To Robert Picken 

To Surveying 10,000 Acres of Land 
For The Right Honourable Lord Adam Gordon 

viz — To Provisions £ 3..15..0 

To Men's Wages £ 4.. 13.. 10 

To my Wages £ 6..— ..— 

£14. .8 ..10 

Errors excepted 

Ro: Picken 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

494 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L. S. 

New York 27 May 1772 

I am with others concerned in a purchase of Lands to be made 
from the Mohawk Indians, having obtained Lycence for that 
purpose, and also have together with them appointed M^ Thomas 
Palmer to treat with and make the said purchase when ever His 
Excellency the Governor shall attend at the Hall. I suppose 
my concern in said purchase will be about Twenty thousand 
Acres, and whatever that shall amount to at any sum not exceed- 
ing Four pounds Six ShilHngs p^ Thousand, I have impowered 
M"" Palmer to draw on me for the amount; If therefore you will 
be pleased to accept his Bill on me for such sum, I will pay it on 
sight, and most gratefully acknowledge the favour. 

I am very respectfully 

Your much Obliged & 
most Humble Servant. 

DiRCK Lefferts 
Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


May 27th. 1 772 _ 

M^ Lefferts Letter — 
^ M^ Palmer — 


A. L. S. 

New York 27ih May J 772 
Dear Sir 

I rec^ yours 21"' Ins'. & shall call on M^ Maturin & receive 
your Money & also from M". Mortier — & shall send you 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 495 

£ 1 000 as you desire, & also the Pork, Rum &c &c 
The ordinance for Tryon C°. is made out & will be sent up 

directly. No News here — The Packett hourly expected. — 
I shall write you before the Governor leaves this, which vsdll 

be about h*. July. & I hope to be able to attend him — If you 

want anything done in the MiHtia in your County, you should 

write to the Governor 

I am in haste 

D Sir 

Your most obed'. Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 

Sir Will Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall. 


Sir WilHam Johnson Bart 

Johnson Hall 

M^ Wallaces Letter 
May 27'^ 1772 — 


Johnson hall May 27^l\ 1772 

Dear Sir, 

Yesterday Fifteen Missisagas arrived here and delivered to me 
Major Etherington's Letter with Ramsays Declaration concern- 
ing His having killed 8 Indians of that Nation, a Copy of which 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

- In handwriting of Guy Johnson. The missing words are supplied 
from the A. L. S. in the William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, 

496 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

has been transmitted to you. The Indians have Since made me 
a Speech Setting forth the occasion of their coming, The great 
concern it has given all their Nation, and the Speakers own par- 
ticular loss of a favorite Grand Child, That they have not 
attempted to retaliate, & that they are willing to abide by my 
determination thereon, desiring a Letter in return concerning the 
same to the Comds Officer at Niagara: Unluckily a Deputation 
arrived here at the same time from Onondaga with an Acco* that 
Some Seneca Men & One Woman being on their return from the 
Cherokees were attacked in y^ back parts of Virginia, 4 of whom 
were killed Viz' 3 Men & one Woman; they complain greatly 
that such an accident Should happen at a time when by their 
endeavors in all quarters to establish peace, they were rendering 
us Service ; And indeed Ramsays acco'. if to be relied on is much 
in favor of the 6 Nations, who would never have become so 
obnoxious to the rest, unless they were esteemed our friends. — 
The Affair of the Senecas happened late last fall, but as the only 
person that Escaped retired to the Cherokees, the 6 Nations had 
no acco' of it till lately, little can at present be said or done 
in that Matter, but the killing of the Missisagas requires some 
imediate determination, for how ever satisfied they may appear, 
now, much depends on their arrival at home on the Answer they 
shall receive. — Ramsay is a fellow who was taken from the 
Indians by Cap' Brown, & sent away to Canada to prevent his 
doing Mischief, but afterwards came to Schenectady where he 
lived as a Labourer for sometime, — His remaining in the 
[Neighbourhood] of a place where according to his Story his 
Life [was for Several Months threatned, and] many other 
Circumstances argue much against him[, and whilst they] 
Convince me farther of the impropriety of indulging [Traders to 
go &] reside where they please, incline me to think that he is 
[more culpable] than he would willingly appear; but how to deal 
with him is the Question. The Indians may not desire him to be 
punished, to avail themselves thereof whenever they Murder any 
of our people, and were Circumstances even Stronger against him 
I suppose a Jury would acquit him thro' prejudice. — I shall point 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 497 

out to the Missisagas the irregularity of their behavior, as his 
best Justification, and shall Cover the Graves & give them hand- 
some presents, but the Murder of a Woman and Child, and the 
Scalping them afterwards is inexcusable, and the Circumstance 
of his being able to do all this, is an evident proof that he was 
not in the danger he represents, & that the Ind*. were too much 
in Liquor, to execute any bad purpose, — By other Letters &ca I 
hear that he glories in the fact & that he threatens to do more 
Mischief when at liberty. As I shall keep some of the Indians a 
few days I beg to have your Answer as soon as Convenient, that 
I may be enabled to write by them the Letter they desire. 

His Excelly Gen^ Gage 


May 271^ 1772 — 

To General Gage 

on the Murder of 8 Missisagas by 

Ramsay. — 


[Niagara May 28<K 1772] 

[ ] 

From M^ Campbell I Rec'^. your Letter of the 28 Ult, I cant 

find words to Express my Gratitude to you for your Good Wishes 
for my prosperity, you shall Allways find I will pay the Utmost 
Defference to Your Advice as to my future Dealings, I Assure 
You Sir, we have done Everry thing that was possible to be done, 
if it had not been for this Unhappy Affair of Ramseys we should 
have Made a Great year, as yet we have Done Verry well, which 
you will see by the payments we have made, I am Glad to hear 
you have the pleasure of a Visit from M"". Deas. The Accounts 
We hear of the Town Surprises [ ] 

^ In Ferrall Wade's hand. 

498 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ '] 

Often put you In mind of [ ] 

to hear Poor Tice is out of goal [ ] 

a Worthy Good Man. We hear the New [ ] 

is Johnston, it must be a Great Advantage to [ ] 

Estates, I wish them Goods we sent to Major Funda 
would suit you — they are as Cheap as they come, but we are 
Afraid they will Damage Lying on hand and M^ Funda has 
Never wrote us a Line about them, if you should want such I hope 
you will give Us the preference. We have p^. M^ Campbell 
£ 1035 — out of which we have sent Major Funda a Bill of 
£ 100 — have p^. £366. — at this place has yet on hands one 
pack of Beaver which we intend for Funda. M^ Campbell 
told Us he never Charged you. Our first Account, we have 

[ '] 

[ ] the means of Losing 

[ ] trade which is the Only trade 

[ ] on, however if the Indians comes 

[ ] to trade we will Stand a better chance than any hear. 

We dont know whether you mean £331 . .8. .3]/^ as the Ace". 

Answered to Campbell or not, we are so hurried & Confused that 

we cant Look Over the Accounts to Ballance, we are Going to 

take An Account of our Goods to see how we are thank God 

we have plenty, if it had not been for that Damn Villian, we 

should I am sure have p*^ Everry sixpence the partnership Owed 

& have an Surplus besides & goods Enough to trade this Season. 

We now send you Sir a Beaver Eater, which is fine for Muffs, & 

3 Matts all we could procure nor have we any Other Curiousity 

at present. 


[ ] are as [ 

having there pledges. [ 

Go Down, as to our future proceedings [ 

Determined on Nothing, Untill we [ 

I will now Sir, Acquaint you of Our Conduct towards the 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 499 

Indians when they heard the particulars of that Unhappy Affair, 
there was about Eighty Men, with women & Children, they came 
to Us Continually & said how heard it was & how sore there hearts 
was on Losing so Many people, then we gave them a Little rum 
& provisions, we had Intelligence from our friends that they 
would go to Lake Erie & watch our peoples boats going to Detroit 
& take revenge, they further told Us that they would not Bloody 
this Lake the Other they would, on receiving this Intelligence we 
Adviced together & Concluded to Call them All together that 
we had something to say to them, they all Came, when we talk 
a great Deal to them, & beged of them to keep their hearts Easy 
Untill they heard from You. that we were sure you would 
Satisfy them, we then took the Liberty In your Name to Give 
them Fifty pounds of Goods between Us, which I hope you 
will think was right & will Consider Us, after all was done, they 
told Us we allways treated them well, for which they Liked Us, 
and Desired Us to get boats & Go Away as soon as possible 
as they could not Answer for there young men, we Returned 
them thanks as it was a prooff of there Friendship & told them 
we would get boats & go Immeadeately set of & brought our 
boats that came up Empty them with the boats we had at Teronto 
Brought Us safe of with our Goods. I assure you sir some of the 
Ind"^ shed tears when we parted & said they would go in mourn'g 
they Saluted Us & Away we went & are thank God hear safe, 
puting our Goods In Order hurries Us much. In Our Next we 
will send the Account to you of what we Gave them, which we 
make no Doubt you will pay. We are sure there will be Mis- 
chief Done soon, however the people all goes In the Vessells. the 
Indians being with your will be no reenstraint on them I am 
afraid, your presence would be the Only value. M^ Keiuser 
joins me with his Sincere Regards for Sir John & the Familys. 
and we are & Ever shall I hope 

My Dear Sir W-" 

Your Ever Faithfull & Most 
Oblidged Hum : Serv'«. 

Wade & Keiuser. 

500 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Niagra May 28*. 1 772 

Mess". Wade & Keiusers letter 


A. L. S. 

New York 28 May, J 772. 
Dear Sir 

By Skipper Hermanus Ten Eyck I have sent the severall 
things you order as ^ Acco' at foot. Amo* £77.0.3 — hope 
all will get safe & please you. Cap* Maturin promises me your 
Money in a few days, & I shall call on M". Mortier for your 
Ballance. by the first safe Hand shall send you Silver & good 
Bills as you desire. Nothing new here. Be pleased to accept of 
a Barrell of good Munster Potatoes sent by Ten Eyck for you 
to plant. I hope to eat some of their Sons or Grandsons. M""*. 
Wallace desires her Compl'* to you & all the family, & I am 


Your obliged & obed' Serv'. 

Hugh Wallace 

10 Barrells Pork at £5 £50. .-. .- 

1 Hhd Mollasses 127 Galh @ 1^9^ 1 1 . .2. .3 

1 D°Rum 118 D° (S) 2/5 14.. 5..- 

a Baskett of Glass 1 . . 7 . . — 

Crating all to the Sloop 0..6..— 

Sir Will Johnson Bar' 

Johnson Hall. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 501 


Sir William Johnson Bar^ 

Johnson Hall 
^ Cap'. Herm*. Ten Eyck. 


N York 28«h. May 1 772 

M^ Wallaces letter 

Extract of a Letter from Captain Turnbull to General Gage, 

Dated Miselimakinac 28'^. May 1772 

By a Letter from Lake Superior I am informed that one M^ 
Houtelaas, Partner of Soloman & Chapman, was killed last 
Autum, by a Chippewa Indian, Between the Grand Portage and 
Fond du Lac by all Accounts. He was a Man much given to 

A few days ago I took up a Belt of S'. Luc La Cornis, from 
one Oskimawa a Chippewa Chief of Le Clecke, East End of 
Lake Huron, which I Now Send you, He told M^ Ainse, the 
Interpreter in Confidence two Different times of his having been 
at Montreal last Year, and Repeated to him what S'. Luc said. 
Viz. my Children all is Peace. Now keep yourselves Quiet for 
two Years more and then we [ ] get up, for it will be war, 

or Words to that Effect. — 

But when the Indian was brought before me in Presence of 
Lieu'. Chrislie, Ensign Strickland, and Graham, and mess'^^ 
Todd and Lyons He was so Frightened that he only Repeated 
part of the Speech, and did not Mention war. I ask't him who 
was present at that Council with S*. Luc. He said there was 
one S'. John^ the man who Interprets for the English. I then 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
*St Jean Russeau. 

502 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Ask't him if he Looks upon S^ Luc as his French Father, He 
said he did, — 

I told him that S^ Luc was now an EngHshman and had the 
same Father as we Although I did not BeHeve he was Intituled 
to give Belts of wampum for which Reason I desired He might 
Leave it with me 


28'h. May 1 772 — 
Extract of a Letter from Cap' 
Turnbull to General Gage 
with Intelligence — 


Johnson hall May ZS^K 1772 
[Completed Sept. 22] 

I am much obliged to you for your Letters of 2^. Janr^, and 
26'*^ March last; the news Contained therein was both new & 
Entertaining : — I am also to thank you for the attention you 
have given to the Affair relating to my son Sir John and for 
Your advice thereon, v/hich if there is any prospect of Success 
I shall follow on hearing of the death of the present possessor 
of that Office. — The esteem you shew for S"^ John & the Interest 
you take in his Welfare deserve both our Acknowledgments 
and I persuade myself that he is very Sensible of your regard. 
He spent but a few Weeks last fall in N York, and has not 
Come to any determination in favor of any particular Matri- 
monial Scheme. Whenever he enters into that State it will 
afford me much pleasure, as I am thoroughly Sensible that he 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 503 

ought to do so; tho' I wo*^ lay no force on a Young Mans 
inclinations. — 

By Sev^. Letters, I am given to understand that the Governm*. 
Sollicitted for on the Ohio, in which M^ Wharton is concerned 
is at last Settled, & the Charter made out. If so, I hope shortly 
to hear that you have settled for my Share in it which I formerly 
mentioned to you. — 

I find by a late Letter from M^ Penn that Lieu*. Roberts has 
taken up £50 Ster from that Gent", on my Credit, but without 
authority. This Sum together with the £ 1 00 Str wch you 
advanced him, it is not Convenient for me to Lye out of, espec- 
ially as I am at present engaged in Improvements &ca wch require 
all the Cash I can spare ; — I know however no other way he can 
reimburse me but by the Pat', for his halfpay Lands wch I have 
taken out and paid the fees for & for Survey of &c [ ] 

Indifferent but as it is I wo"^. rather take [ ] 

the Cash, I therefore inclose you a power of Attorney [ ] 

Negotiate that or any other Affair I may have occa[ ] 

your Agency in, and hope you will Settle with him as soon and in 
the best manner you can. — 

SepV. 22.^ The foregoing has been Written as you will See 
for a Considerable Time past. This was chiefly occas[ioned] by 
the Hurry which Succeeded for a few days after writing 
I was obliged to hold a Conference, & during all the 
Months of July & August was engaged in Affairs relating 
to the Sale of Lands, the GoV^ & Sev' of his Council, with many 
others Staying here a Considerable time for that purpose. Since 
which We have been all busied in the Establishment of County 
Courts &ca as this part of the County is formed into a seperate 
County. In short I have not had an hours leisure to attend to 
private matters tho' many of them very pressing. I now inclose 
you a parcel of Small bills Amts. to £ 1 5 1 . . 1 4 . . 6 Sterle. 

From this point the manuscript is in Johnson's hand. 

504 Sir William Johnson Papers 

y/^. You will Please to pass to my Credit; and believe me with 
much Esteem 

Sir Y-. 
M'*. John Blackburn 


May 28th 1 772.— 

To M^ John Blackburn 

with a power of Attorney &ca. 

I did not Send it till July.' 


Albany the 3/ May 1772 — 

Your favour of the 29 Instant have Rec"^ With the money for 
the ballance of your Acct for which I Send you here Inclosed a 
Receipt — 

As for the administration of the Estate of Dan'. Danielson 
As it Is Granted to the Wid^. she must Act or Inpower Any 
other to Act for her hand. — 

I am 

S^ your most Humb Serv'. 


S^ W™. Johnson Bar*. 

Johnson hall 


May 31*'. 1772 — 
M^ Depeysters letter 

^ This sentence is in Johnson's hand. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 




D^ Sir William Johnson Baronet 

r 1 To Cash paid Lieut Prevost on 

your Account as ^ his Receipt 
of this Date 
May 1 7 To Ditto paid your draft of 26 
April in favor of John Wether- 

27ili To Ditto paid your Ditto of 9 
May in favor of Ditto 

29th To Ditto paid your Ditto of 20 
Do. in favor of Robert Adems 
To Ditto paid your Ditto pf 21 
Do. in favor of Ditto for 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of Do 
Date in favor of Ditto for 
June 1 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 20 
Ditto in favor of William Mc 

1 7 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 1 3 
Ditto in favor of John B V Eps 

19 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 7 
Ditto in favor of Col Guy Johnson 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 3 
Ditto in favor of Thomas Mc 
July 16 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 7 
Ditto in favor of Peter Fitzimons 

27 To Ditto paid your Ditto of 29 
April in favor of Li Augt Prevost 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 6 
June in favor of Lieut Geo 
August 8ih To Ditto paid your Ditto of 25 
May in favor of Rob Adems 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 19 
July in favor of Col Claus 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 26 
Ditto in favor of Michl Price 
To Ditto paid your Ditto of 28 
Ditto in favor of Ditto 





















I 1 

[ 1 
















Sir William Johnson Papers 

1 9tK To Ditto paid your Ditto of 1 6 
July in favor of the Reverend 
Mr John Stuart 

To Ditto paid your Ditto of 7 
August in favor of Hugh Wallace 
Esqr. for £ 1 65 Sterling at 80 
^ Cent 

Sepr 1 9th To Ditto paid your Ditto of 1 7 
May last in favor of Gold. 

To Ditto paid your Ditto of 26 
Augt. in favor of John Brov^^ne 

October 1 I th To Ditto paid your Ditto of 2 1 
Sept. in favor of Mr Robert Let- 
tice Hooper Junr 
22 To Ditto paid Sir John Johnson 
on your Account as "^ his receipt 
dated the 1 8 Instant 
26th To Ditto paid Doctor Shuckburgh 
on your Account as ^ his Receipt 
of this date 

To Ditto paid your draft of 1 8 
July last in favor Danl Claus Esqr 
To Ditto paid your Do of 8 Augt 
last in favr of Charles McEvers 

Deer 24 To Ditto paid Mr Wallace on 
your Account dated [ ] 

To Ditto paid your Draft of 20 
Sepr last to Geo Croghan Esqr 
To Ditto paid Mr. McAdam on 
Acct for Major Gorhams Sallary 
January 6 1 772 Balance due to 
Sir William Johnson 

1 772 To Cash paid Hugh & Alexr 


Jany 1 5 To your Order on Mr Wallace 

dated 21st Deer 1771 in favour 
of Colo Daniel Claus & by him 
indorsed: paid Goldsbrow Banyar 
May 7: 1772 Balance due Sir 
William Johnson 







■ 778 



























Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 




] By General 
Gages Warrant 
dated the 1 day 
of April last in 

your favor for 





] By Ditto Ditto 
of this Date in 

your favor for 
] By Balance as 








on the other side 








Sir William Johnson's 

Account with Estate of Abraham 


May 1 772 — 


A. L. S. 

Albany June /^' 1772 
Honoured Sir/ 

The Bearer M^ Campbell is going on his Discovery, and pur- 
poses to Chain all the Land he Goes Over, Various Ways, before 
he reports The Quality, And if his Report should Not be So fav- 
ourable as I Expect it will. Yet I am Still determined to Survey 
it All; and Patent that which is good. As there Cannot be the 
least doubt but There is Good land Enough for the Money 
Agreed — for the Payment of Which I Would Sell My Estate 
before it Should fail of being done — 

508 Sir iVilliam Johnson Papers 

I Desired M"" Tuttle to Make Your Boat Ready at Sacken- 
daga as mine Will not be Ready this Week Yet. I ask Your 
Pardon for not Acquainting You of It by him; it was occationed 
by Great haste. 

In hopes, and with an Expectation, of Being Countenanced in 
what I have to Do As far as is Right — Beg leave to Subscribe 
Myself, Honoured Sir, 

Your Most Obliged, and 

Very Humble Servant 

Eben*^ Jessup 
Sir William Johnson 


Alby. June h' Mil — 

M^ Jessups Letter 

A. L. S. 

Niagara June 3'^. 1772 

[ ] 

Since we had the Honour of Writing you Last about 40 
Indians from Teronto came hear & this day held a Conference 
with the Major, the purport of which was, that they Desired no 
traders should be permitted to Go Among them, the Senecas 
spoke on the Same head, at the same time they Declared they 
would Look Over what was past they are not to be Credited, 
for by all their Actions they seem 111 Disposed & its believed hear 
they wait for nothing but the Senecas Declaring in there favour 
& by what we Can Learn they have Oblidged themselves by 
Exchange of Belts, Declaring to Each Other that when One 
was hurted they would feel it Equally so. the Major is Verry 
Indifferent, for he would not give them time to Speak what they 
Intended, made them a present of 20 three pound Loaves 6 p*. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 509 

pork 1 0'^ powder '5(P Bullets & a Little Tobacco, which was 
Little [ ] or 70, what is remarkable they came [without] 

One Woman or Child & with there Arms which they requested 
should be repaired. — 

We have now on hand a fine Assortment of Indian Goods to 
the Am* of between £ 1 600 & £ 1 800 pounds, & does not know 
What to do with them, & are now Lyeing at Great Expence. 
if you should want Any of them We hope you will be pleased to 
Give Us the preference, we send You by this Opertunity, a Silver 
Grey fox, the Battoe is just Seting off, must Conclude with 
Great Respect 

My Dear Sir W™. 
Your Most Humble & 
Most Obedient Servants 

Wade & Keiuser 
P. S. for God sake 
Assist Us if possible 


Niagra June 3>^. Mil 

Ferrall Wades letter 
Ans'^^ — 


A. L. 5. 

New York 4iK June 1772 
Dear Sir William 

The Bearer Catharine Simpson the Wife of John Simpson of 
Burnets Field some time ago exhibited a Complaint to the Gov- 
ernor and Council against John Joost Herchheimer, Coenrad 
Franck, Peter Ten Broeck and Hendrick Frey Esq'^*. for Mai 
administration in their offices as Justices of the Peace, and an 

In Johnson's hand. 

510 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Order was made on the Justices to appear & answer the Com- 
plaint. They never did appear. M'^^ Simpson did, but did not 
produce her Witnesses — The Governor at the Desire of the 
Board recommended it to her to make it up as it appear'd she 
was not able to prevail on all her Witnesses to come to this Place ; 
By what she says she has not tryed to accomodate the Matter nor 
does she incline to it; and as on her coming now to this City a 
third Time She says she cannot get her Witnesses to come down. 
I am directed to signify the Request of his Excellency, that you 
would be pleased to hear what M". Simpson has to say, and 
to inquire into the Matter so as to be able to lay the whole Matter 
before him in such a manner as he may be able on his Arrival at 
your House to judge of what shall be proper to be done towards 
the Redress of the Woman should she appear to be aggrieved 

I am 

Dear S^ W"^ 

Your obliged & Most obed* Servant 

G^ Banyar 
Sir William Johnson 

addressed : 

On His Majesty's Service 

The Hon'''^ Sir William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 


June 4*. 1 772 — 

Letter from M^ Banyar 
by order of the Governor 
& Council. — 

Concerns Simpsons Complaint ag*. 
Justice Herkimer, &ca 
rec^. 26*l^. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 511 


A. L. S. 

Niagara June 6"". 1772 
My Dear S«. W". 

M^ Rickman^ is just this Moment Arrived hear, from where 
he Wintered on Lake Erie, he says the Senecas have killed five 
Virginia traders & plundered them, they are Very Inveterate 
Against the English, he with Difficulty saved the two Men he 
had with him. they told him they want to fight Against the 
Virginians, but not Against this Government. We have some 
thoughts of going to Detroit but shall Wait Untill we hear from 
your Honour. 

We have the Honour to be 

Dear Sir W-". 

Your Most Oblidged & Most 
Obedient Servants 

Wade & Keiuser 
P. S. It is thought 
hear that Nothing 
but your presence will 
Settle the Disturbances 
hear, all the Nations are 
of One Opinion. 


June 6«h. 1 772 — 

Ferrall Wades letter 
Ans^<^. — 

^ Peter Ryckman. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

312 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall June 7'^ 1772 — 
[Dear] Sir 

I have just received the Letter herew^ith inclosed from his 
Excell<=y the General, together with one for my Self, on the Affair 
of the Murder committed by Ramsay on Lake Erie of vv^'=^ you 
lately gave me an Acco*. 

I have long been sensible of the impropriety of Suffering Such 
Idle fellows who have neither character or property, to trade with 
the Indians, but much more so, to be permitted to go as well out 
of the protection as the Eye of Government; the late Affair is 
a Capital Instance amongst many more to prove this; and the 
consequences notwithstanding all we can do to the Contrary may 
be bad, — Imediately on the arrival of the Deputys from the 
Chipeweighs about it I received them in a very friendly manner 
and held a Congress with them wherein according to their Custom 
I took the Hatchet out of their Heads, Gathered the bones of 
the deceased buried them & Levelled the Graves that they might 
no more appear to distress them. [I likewise promised to send 
a proper speech to their Chiefs] and after hearing all they had 
to say & finding they Expressed themselves to be satisfied that it 
was the private Act of a Villain, and contented with what I had 
said to them, I gave them a Valuable present with provisions, & 
a battoe to carry them back; Nevertheless I am but too sensible 
of the Impression such an Affair must Leave on the Minds of 
such a people as Indians are, and as I am of the Generals opinion 
that Ramsays Situation was by no means such as he has 
described, for had it been so he could never have done so much 
Mischief, and as I am assured by persons lately returned from 
thence that he Glories in the Fact, and threatens more mischief 
when at Liberty, I think he deserves Capital punishment — In 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 513 

the Meantime least it might [ ] 

different from the Assurances given me by the Depy* [ ] 

it proper agreable to the Generals desire to give you [ ] 

direction that you call in all Traders w^ho are in the Limits or 
at a distance from the Posts (on w*^^'. Subjects the Depy* spoke to 
me) and that you do not permit any to go beyond the limits of the 
Garrisons until you receive farther orders on that head. — That 
you Summon some of the Chiefs of that Nation, and any others 
who are of Consequence that may be at Niagara, and Signify to 
them, the Generals and my uneasiness and displeasure on hearing 
what has happened, and the concern it gives to all the English 
together with the Steps that are ordered to be taken for bringing 
Ramsey to punishment notwithstanding the great provocation 
which he received from them ; and that as a farther proof of our 
good will towards them; the Traders will not be permitted to 
Straggle about at their own discretion at a distance from the 
Posts unless it shall appear more Convenient than it has hitherto 
done. — That therefore it is Expected they will shew their Pacific 
disposition, and friendship for the Justice we mean to do them 
by preventing any of their people from attempting to take any 
revenge for what is past, or from retaliating it on any of his 
Majesties Subjects, who are not only innocent but highly con- 
cerned at the accident, as any endeavors for revenge after what 
has been said would shew them in a bad Light, and be a means 
of preventing the Trade between Us, and of incurring our 

Your own Judgment will Suggest whatever farther may be 
necessary, from any Circumstances that may have occurred since, 
but I am hopefull that these Steps, and the endeavors to bring 
him to Justice, may prevent the ill consequences we have other- 
wise reason to Apprehend. 

I am with Esteem Sir 

Major Etherington, or Officer Comd? at Niagara. — 


514 Sir William Johnson Papers 


June7'h. 1772. 

To Major Etherington 

or Officer Comd^ at Detroit 

with Inclosures concerns Ramsay 


Sir William's Speech to the Chiefs of the Chipeweighs at 

Niagara. — 
[or Children] 

It was with great Concern that I heard from Amenibijou and 
the rest of your People, that so many of your Nation have been 
lately killed by one of ours. — The General who Commands all 
the Kings Army and all the English are much enraged at it; — 
and as a proof thereof have ordered that the Man who com- 
mitted this Act shall be sent to one of our Towns and tryed 
according to our Laws. — This Man was once sent away from 
Niagara that he might do no harm, how he came again amongst 
you, or what encouragement you gave him we dont know; but it 
appears clearly that he received great provocation from your 
people, that they attempted to rob, and even to murder him, in 
which case he would have been Justified had he murdered as 
many white people. — 

I have according to the Custom of our forefathers. Taken the 
hatchet out of Y^ heads, gathered the bones of your people, 
buried them & levelled the graves, and have opened the road, and 
removed everything bad from y"^ sight. This, your Deputies, 
(whom I sent away with handsome presents) can tell you, I 
likewise repeat the same to yourselves, and I tell you farther that 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 515 

we will not let the Traders ramble any more from the Garrisons 
to deceive you; unless it Shall appear more expedient heer- 
after : — It was for your Conveniency They were so much 
indulged. — 

I have expressed my Concern, and told you [my] 
Sentiments as a Friend, in a few Words, Let me however [urge] 
you to consider seriously what I have said, to repeat it to Your 
people; and to rely firmly on our Friendship, a[ ] the 

Justice we mean to shew you, upon this, and all other occasions; 
Let me recommend it Strongly to you not to suffer any of your 
people to take revenge, or to retaliate upon ours; for should you 
act so imprudently you will defeat our good intentions of afford- 
ing you satisfaction, and incurr our highest displeasure, whilst 
on the Contrary If you repose a proper Confidence in our Justice, 
you shall allways experience it, and I trust that you will believe 
the Words of a Man who never deceived the Indians, but has 
allways proved the Advocate Friend and Protector of those that 
deserved any favor. — 

a Belt of 13 Rows^— 

Speech for the Chipeweighs 

Sent to Maj''. Etherington 
June 8^. 1 772 — 


A. L. S. 

9 June 1772 

Last fall I desired M"" Swords, That he and those Concerned 
in the Lands at Sagertyes would appoint another agent to 
Manage there Business, as it interfeered so much with my own 

^ These words are in a different handwriting. 

516 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

affairs I could not give the Necessary Attendance it required. 

This Spring I have done the needfull to bring on the Tryal 
in the fall, and have Employd M"^ Blanchard to Transact some 
Business Relative thereto. 

If they propose the tryal shall go on, M"^ Kempe must have 
orders befor the Last Tuesday in July to make the proper motion 
in Court 

I am now going into the woods, propose not Returning 'till 
late in the fall, unless I hear the Tryal goes on. 

I Beg therefor those Concerned will appoint Another Agent 
soon. That the Business may be properly Attended to, & prevent 
any Blame hereafter on 


your most obed' Serv* 

Will Cockburn 
A Copy to each Concerned 

S** William Johnson Bar* 



Sir William Johnson Bar' 

Johnson hall 

Kingston June 9'K 1 772 

M^ W Cockburns letter 
concerning a Law Suit, & 
desireing another Agent may 
be appointed in his Stead — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 517 


New York 9 June 1772 
Dear Sir 

Since my last with the sundry things sent up have none of your 
favours, but am happy to hear by M^ Adams that you & all 
the family are well. 

I take the Oppertunity by M"" Blagge^ who is appointed Clerk 
of Tryon County to send you as you desired £ 1 000 which hope 
will come safe to you — Y^ bill to M"" Adams & what further 
you may have occasion to draw shall be all paid. 

No Packett yet arrived My Brigg arrived yesterday from 
Dublin No Letters for you — nor any News material, all the 
disputes with Hearts of Steel' &c seem to subside — The Packett 
hourly expected. — 

Our Governor has not yet fixed a time for his departure. I 
fancy he waits for the Packetts arrivall — I have last Week had 
a Fitt of the Fever & Ague, some of the remains of last year. 
It held me five or six days, but the Bark has drove it away & I 
hope will keep it off — M"" Blagg who delivers this I am not 
personally [acquainted] with, but have a good Character of him, 
[ ] is one of the Aldermen & a very honest 

[ ] I hope he will please you, but I fancy 

he will not find the Clerkship worth his Attendance. 

M""^ Wallace desires her Compl*^ & I am always 

D^ Sir 

Your most obed* Serv' 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bar* 
Johnson Hall 
I send by Mr Blagg 
an Irish Almanack 

^ John Blagge. 

^ Possibly refers to the Sons of Liberty. 

518 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall 
^ fav^. M-- Blagge, 
with an Almanack. 


[ ] 1772 — 

[ ] Wallaces letter 

Ans>^d. 26'^^. June 

A. L. 5.2 

New York June 10^^: 1772. 
D«: Sir, 

Your Letter of the 1 8*^ : April required no particular Answer, 
but I had Some Extracts copied from it, which I thought proper 
for Cap*: Edmonstone's better Information, and transmitted them 
to him at Fort-Pitt. 

I am Since favoured with your Letter of 24'^: of May, in 
which you seem to believe there had been some Mischief hatching 
amongst the Indians; and that their Scheme was Somewhat dis- 
concerted. I hope you will get as favourable Acc'^: from Scioto 
as you expect. 

The Many Partys in the Cherokee Country from the North- 
ward gave alarm in Carolina, and Projects were concerting of 
various kinds, but I don't hear anything resolved upon. They 
had near overturned all that was Settled about the Virginia 
Boundary; they have at length agreed to mark it out, but I don't 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In New York Public Library, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 519 

find that they abide by their first Bargain, tho' Settled with the 
usual Formalitys by the whole Nation. 

M"": Stewart^ is gone to Pensacola to meet the Chactaws who 
are Still at war with the Creeks, the latter have fallen on a bad 
Method to prevent our Vagabonds settling on their Lands, by 
plundering them and destroying their Habitations. They have 
Served Some Familys in W: Florida in that Manner, who were 
out of their Bounds on Lands the Creeks had not ceded ; but did 
not hurt their Persons. If all the Nations acted in the Same way 
and proceeded no further, it would prevent the People going 
beyond their Limits & save much trouble. 

I am informed many Partys are gone out from the Lakes ; and 
Lieu^ Cob. Wilkins writes, that four or five hundred had been 
discovered not far from Fort Chartres; suspected to have taken 
or killed a Soldier who was sniping. 

No Information of the likeHhood of a war, from any Acc'=: 
but the News-Papers. 

I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 

from wade & keiuser 
A. L. S. 

Niagara June 1 5^K 1772 

[ ] 

Since we had the Honour of Writing you Last, there has Come 
hear between Twenty & Thirty of the back Indians, they have 
not as yet spoke to the Major, so dont know what they Intend 
Saying, we have heard since that the Reason of the Senecas 
Cuting off the five boats In the Ohio River, was that a Deserter 
had killed two of there people we are Also Informed that a party 
of the Missisaques has Gone to Lake Erie, fully Determined to 

^ John Stuart, southern superintendent of Indians. 

520 Sir JVilUam Johnson Papers 

Cut off any English they Can Meet with, they Look On them 
that is Gone to Your house As Nothing, by there Actions a 
Rupture will be Inevitable without Speedy Measures are taken, 
we Are sure Nothing will do without your Meeting them, which 
would Stop Mischief this Year at Least & probably a Warr. we 
Expect to hear from Your honour soon as we will not 
Determine on Any [ ] 

Your Advice if You should [ ] 

Goods at this post we Can Supply [ ] 

with a Good parcel the price we will [ ] 

to Yourself & we Dare say you will [purchase] as Cheap as you 
Can bring them up. we have Also a Large Quantity of rum, 
pease, bread &c the first Detachment of the tenth Reg*. Arrived 
hear a few Days Ago, and are Gone to Relieve Detroit & Mis- 
selimackina. there is no Other News hear. Our Respects to Sir 
John, & the Familys who we are Rejoiced to hear are well. 
We are & allways will be 

My Dear Sir W"". 

Your Ever faithfull & most 

Oblidged Hum Serv*^ 

Wade & Keiuser 
addressed : 

To - 

The Honorable 

Sir W"". Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall 
^ favour of 
John Mc.Comb Esq^ 


Niagara June 1 5*^. 1 772 

Messrs Wade & Kriesers 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 521 

A. L. S. 

Shinectady 20'^ June 1772 

Honoured Sir 

I Received both Your feavors of 1 7'*^ & 18 Ult M^ Elles 
Tells me that the porter is Ready whenEver I send for it 

And M*^ Lansing the Beaker will beake the Milk Biscake and 
the Rusk Next Thusday a Monday he will gite least from 
albany So that I Shall then Send it up I have a fue artickels 
here let of Cap* Chue 

I am Sir Your Most Obediant 
And Humble Servant 

Jno B V Eps 

I never heard Enay More of Colol Johnsons Memoriall to his 
Excelency pray for god Seack Sir be so Cind and to putt him 
in mind if Your Honer pleases for I Realy belive that thy will 
mack a poess" for it 

I am as above 

J B V Eps 


The Honourable 

Sir William Johnson Barn* &c 
Johnson Hall 

June 20'K 1 772 

J". B V Eps Esq"^*. letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

Perhaps intended for "push" in the sense of "attempt." 

522 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S.i 

Guy Park June 22^ 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

I did not receive your Letter of the 1 1 ^ Inst, 'till Two days 
since, the Contents of which Surprised me as I do assure you, 
I sent the Orders for the Kinderhook & Claverack Regiments 
together ; and before I sent to Coghsakie. — possibly it may be 
owing to the posts going (of late) on the West side of the River, 
but whether that or something worse has occasioned the dis- 
appointment. The fact is, as I have told you. — You will there- 
fore please to acqt the Col°^ of the Kinderhook & Claverack 
Regimt^ therewith, and that they are Ordered to make a full 
Return of their Regiments specifying the Vacancies &ca since 
last Return and returning the N°. of Rank & file between 16 & 
50. — This return to be made by the 8th July to me, by ord^ of 
the Maj"^ Gen'. As I take the opporty of Col: Butler to forward 
this to you his hurry will not allow me to send the form, you 
mention, — but it will be Suffict. to ret", the Names of the Comis^ 
Officers, — & the Numbers only of Serj'* Drums & R. & file in 
sev' Columns, with a Column for Vacancies &c, — I am allways 
with true esteem 

D"^ S^ Y>^ friend & servt 

G Johnson 
INDORSED: Guy Park 22^ June 1772 

Col° Guy Johnson Adj Gen' 



In the Johnson Calendar, p. 505, is listed a letter written at Johnson 
Hall, June 25, 1 772 by Sir William Johnson to Rev. William Andrews, 
informing that a suitable person for the Johnstown mission has been secured 
(printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:475-76; Q, 4:295-96) 

In State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Draper Manuscripts. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 523 


Johnson hall June 25^^. 1772. 
[ ] Sir 

M^ Chew who is Safe arrived here with his family, dehvered 
to me your favor of the l*^ Inst, which was very acceptably 
received, as you may be assured that distance of time or place 
has in no degree lessened my esteem for you. — 

The Subject on which you wrote is a very laudable one, con- 
sidering the Weak state of the Church of England, in this 
Country, and the encouragement it deserves from its Members, 
and this will Sufficiently excuse the Mode of your undertaking; 
but as you Justly observe that the World seems now to be Lottery 
mad, I may farther add that this part of the Province is farther 
gone in that way than I believe any other, some have been 
formed for similar purposes with yours, and others for a Variety 
of Exigencies, on all of which I have been so warmly sollicitted, 
and so much Concerned as Joyned to my own expensive under- 
takings here has proved very inconvenient to me; I cannot how- 
ever deny myself the pleasure of Contributing my endeavors to 
promote so necessary a design, which comes so well recom- 
mended, and shall therefore take some of the Tickets myself, 
and try to dispose of the rest in the Neighbourhood tho' I believe 
most People here begin to grow tired of Lotteries. 

Poor Chew's family have been inoculated last Week and are 
in a fair Way. he expresses many acknowledgm'^ to you & is 
a Man of an honest friendly disposition so that I wish it was 
more in my power to serve him being persuaded of his gratefull 
Sentiments for all favors. — 

I shall be happy at any time to render you any service by 
which I may demonstrate the regard with which I am 

D'. S^ &c 
Beverly Robinson Esq^ 

In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

524 Sir William Johnson Papers 


June 25'h 1 772 

To Beverly Robinson Esq"^. 
at the Highlands. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 506, are listed two letters written at John- 
son Hall by Sir William Johnson to the Earl of Hillsborough. The first 
dated June 29, 1 770 mentions the second Indian congress at Scioto and 
recites the crimes of Ramsay against the Indians and the means pursued 
to avert their vengeance (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:994-96; Q, 
2:576-77 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:300-1). The second 
dated July I, 1772 considers the futility of conferences with Indians, 
the folly of accepting cessions from the Six Nations not sanctioned by 
other tribes and the wisdom of his plan for regulating trade (printed in 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:99^97; Q, 2:577-78 and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. 

N. Y. 8:302) 


A. L. S. 

Lachine 3'^ July 1772 
[Dear] & honored Sir 

After being 15 days by the way I got here the 27**^. Ult°. 
At my passing Caghnawagey I called the principals together 
acquainting them with my Arrival & saluting them on your part, 
they thankd me & were rejoiced to see me, enquiring after your 
health. I found all was quiet among them and told them of 
Ramseys Affair, w'^''. they heard of before, but imperfectly, 
making 10 Indians killed; then left them and told them I was 
going to Montreal to Morrow, and after my Return would 
appoint a day for meeting them in public. I waited on L'. Cob. 
Templer of 26'^. Regiment who commands the District of 
Montreal & Depend^ who met me with all the politeness 
imaginable introducing me to his Lady (formerly Lady 

In Johnson's hand. 

From Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 525 

Sinclair) and next day returnd my visit & proposed going to 
Caghnawagey when I held the Meeting with some of the officers 
of 26*. w*^^. was last Wednesday when he, Major Clarke your 
former Acquaintance, & several of the Officers & others 
attended. I happend to have a Discourse with Cap' Carden 
Royl. Amn^ who acts here as Depy. Q^ M^ Gen', of the 
Carleton side+ and very intimate with L'. Gov^ Cramahe, 
by whom I could find that that party are jealous & ignorant 
enough as to think the Canada Indians ought not to be under 
your Direction, intimating that they lived so near the 
Inhabitants, as to want a Person continually upon the Spot 
to transact their Affairs. I replied that as to their com- 
mercial & other private Bus^ I allowed they required some 
Interpreter on the Spot to hear them [ ] 

the Governmt left that Branch of Ind". Bus^ to the Respe[ctive] 
[ ] laying upon them the Expence of Ind". Interp""*- & Smiths 

But as to the public or political Branch of Ind*. Affairs [I am con] 
vinced the Indians would not trouble this Governmt with 
[ ] too well they could do nothing in it, they having 

been these [ ] incorporated with the Confederacy under 

your Care, and [ ] whose conjunction & Advice, & 

applying to you or Deputy they [ ] presume to proceed 

in any Bus*, if the kind, & w'^'^ was the Intention of your sending 
once a year your Depy. to visit their respective [ ] 

and in a public Meeting to enquire into those Matters and settle 
those which in this present Time of peace was thought full suf- 
ficient [ ] And in case of any thing extra"y Directions 
were left to dispatch an Express to you immediately; Besides 
the scanty Allowance from home for transacting Ind". Aff". 
would not permit your Depy. to remain longer than he usually 
did. — I find that I cant avoid going to Quebec this time to visit 
the Hurons not having been there since Gen' Carleton left it, 
when I shall take an Opporty of talking over these Matters 
with Gov"* Cramahe who is a discrete reasonable Man, showing 
him the Incompatibility of this Governmt* meddling in those 

526 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Matters, & if I receive the Extract of your Instruct*, before I 
go shall show it him, if not shall send him a Copy after I return. 

There has been lately a french Trader killed named Outlas 
by a Chippway at Nipikon in Lake Superior thro his own Folly 
in getting drunk with the Indian, and holding down his head 
& daring him to kill him, which the Ind". readily complied with. 
The Indians in the upper Countries, are pretty crusty & insolent 
and I believe the Traders here will soon mistrust sending their 
Goods to their [ ]ing grounds. 

The Caghnawagey Indian that came to you last Winter from 
the Western Nations, and whom you charged with Messages to 
the Florida Ind"*. showed a String of Wamp™. by which 
he said you agree to the Aughquisasnes Request in Sending them 
500 Dollars to pay the [ ] of their Sawmill, and that 

I was to bring the Money with me, accordingly I was attacked 
on my Arrival, but could give them no satisfactory Answer, 
And their Priest I suppose will be prosecuted anew, his Creditor 
having only been silenced by this Report. The Chiefs of 
Caghnawagey dont approve of such a Loan. — 

I suppose you have before this been informd of Peters^ 
Removal from M"" Landries. Col°. Prevost whom I saw at 
Tiyondar°. giving me the Reason & which he said he mentioned 
to you in a Letter. 

On my Arrival at Montreal I met Doct^ Huntley to whom I 
had a Letter from Doct^ Dease, and on his seeing I had 
a Letter from you to M"" Landries he said he had settled every- 
thing with him as to Peters Board &•=*. and hoped he would 
never be put there again, and therefore thought it improper to 
deliver him the Letter. I told him I believed there was an 
Inclosure & on examining & finding the Inclosures were seald 
he advised the opening of the Cover, when I delivered him 
Peters Letter to forward him; And Landries I have by me and 
shall keep it to deliver it you on my Return to save postage. 

^ Peter Johnson, oldest child of Sir William Johnson and Molly Brant. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 527 

M^ Huntley said Landries was a very unfit place for Peter on 
several Accounts, and everyone thinks he is much better where 
he is w*^^. being 33 Miles from Montreal I shall take a Tour 
there on my Way to Quebec and see & hear how things go on 
there. M^ Lanodiere told me he saw Peter last [ ] 

he was well, & impatient to see me. Doctor Dease [ ] 

please to remember me kindly mentioned to D^ Huntley 
[ ] him some Matter for Innoculation by me, but he 

must have for [warded] it me with his letter, as I never 
received it, or Patrick [ ] the Letters must have lost 

or broke it. 

On my Return from Quebec shall write again, & if Matters 
are as they are at present among the Indians, I shall soon have 
finished my Bus^ here. The Caghnawagey Messengers are not 
returned yet from the Miami Country havs. been near a 12 
Month gone. I must beg the favour of your desiring Thom 
Adams to make all the hay he possibly can at the place as I 
shall make but little this year at the River. 

I hope this may find you in health & Prosperity and remain 
with Respect & duty & Compliments to all the family 

Dear & honored Sir 

Your Obedient Son 

Daniel Claus 

#He therefore (?) had £ 1000 Sterl. added to his Salary & 
a Regiment given him [ ] antly of his coming out. 

To the Honorable 

S«- W^. Johnson, B'. &c. &c. &c. 


July 3d. 1 772 — 

Co'. Claus letter — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

528 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Df. S.' 

Johnson hall July 3^ 1772 
Dear Sir, 

I received with infinite pleasure your letter of last Month by 
M"^ Antil, and be assured you have doubly obliged me, by 
introducing to my knowledge so Worthy a Connection of yours, 
and giving me an opportunity of hearing that you were well; — 
Occupied as I generally am, I can have httle that may either 
amuse, or Inform you, but I assure you. My dear Sir that I 
interest myself much in your health & happiness, and am never 
better pleased than when I hear you enjoy both; My Son Sir 
John & Col: Johnson waited on you last October at your 
agreable retirement; but being in Company with others Circum- 
stanced in point of time, they had not leisure to Cultivate that 
Friendship which I trust will allways Subsist betv/een our 

Governor Tryon has wrote me that he will be here very 
Shortly, I am happy to find that you enjoy so much of his 
friendship, and that he pays you that attention, to which you 
have so good a title ; he has the reputation of being a Gentleman 
of Merit & Abilities, and I promise myself much satisfaction in 
an Interview with him when I shall deal very candidly with him 
on all Subjects. 

Except the Murder of 8 Misisagas by an Idle fellow who was 
formerly banished for his Intrigues from Niagara," I know nothing 
worthy Mentioning to you. — The Affair has been touched on 
in the PubHc Prints but stated intirely in his favor: and as the 
Consequences are as yet uncertain, I cannot enlarge upon it, 
I shall therefore Conclude with assuring you, that I rejoyce at 
hearing your health has been of late improved; and that when- 

^ In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. ; in handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
2 David Ramsay. See Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:994-96; Q. 
2:5:576-77; and Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:300-1. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 529 

ever you can with Convenience to yourself oblige me v^^ith a line 
I shall receive it with pleasure as I heartily wish you every 
desirable Gift and shall always approve myself Dear Sir, 

Your sincere Friend 

& Affect*^ humble Serv*. 

W. J. 
Honble L^ Gov« CoLDEN 


July 3d 1 772 

To the Honble L* GoV Golden, 
^ M^ Antile. 

A. L. S. 

Albany July 5"'. 1772 

[ ] 

The Earl of Dunmore having Honored me with the inclosed 

Commission, I was surprised to find that M^ Hogeboom still 
Continued to give orders to the Militia at Claverack, until Col°. 
Schuyler Suggested to me that it was necessary you as Brigadier 
General of the District should be apprised of my appointment, 
as I really did not know this, you will please to Excuse my not 
having given you a more Early Information of it, — upon seeing 
the Commission I doubt not but you will give the proper orders 
to M^ Hogeboom and the officers of the Regiment, be pleased 
to return the Commission by M^ Schuyler unless you should 
have Longer occasion for it 

I am Sir Your Most Obed'. 
Humb. Serv'. 

John Van Rensselaer 

The Honorable SiR W" JoHNSON Brigadier Generall &^. 

530 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Co'. Ranslears letter 
with his Commission 
July 5'^ 1772 — 


A. D. 5.2 

Johnson Hall July 6'^ 1772 

please to let them Messissagaes who are now going Home have 
Twenty gallons of Common Rum, & 3 looking glasses, which 
You will please to charge to Ace*, of 

Y^ Humble Servant 

W. Johnson 

D. S.' 

July 7, 1772 

Know All Men by these Presents that I Sir William Johnson 
of Johnson Hall in the County of Tryon in the Province of New 
York in America Bar' Have Made Ordained Constituted and 
appointed, and by these Presents Do make Ordain, Constitute, 
and appoint John Blackburn in the City of London in the 
Kingdom of great Britain Merchant my true and lawful Attorney 
for me and in my Name, and for my use to Ask, Demand, Sue 
for. Recover & Receive of and from all Persons & Persons 
whatsoever All Sum and Sums of Money, Debts, Dues, Claims, 
and Demands whatsoever now due. Owing, or Accruing to me, 
and to give good, and sufficient Discharges for the same. And to 
Adjust Settle, or Compound all Debts, or Demands due to me, 
and to Accept such Security, or Satisfaction for the same as he 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In New York Historical Society, New York City. 
^ In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts, 24323, fo. 5, London, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 531 

shall think fit, And I do hereby give and grant to my said 
Attorney my full and whole Power in and concerning the 
Premisses, and will Ratify & Confirm whatsoever he Shall law- 
fully Act, or do therein. In Witness whereof I have hereunto 
Set my hand and Seal this 7'*^ day of July 1 772. — 

Sealed & Deliv^. 1 ^v/ t 

. . r^ cY W Johnson 

m the Jrresence or J 

John Stevenson 
Phill. Van Rensselaer 

Mem°. That on the 8'^: July 1 772, Personally Appeared 
before me Abr"™. C Cuyler Esq^ Mayor of the City of 
Albany, in the Province of New York, in America, John 
Stevenson & Philip Van Rensselaer, the two Subscribeing 
witnesses, and made Oath that they saw the above named 
Sir William Johnson Barn*, sign & Seal the above power 
of Attorney as his Voluntary Act, and Deed for the use 
therein mentioned, in Testimony whereof I the said Mayor 
have hereunto set my Name & caused the Public Seal of 
said City to be here unto. Affixed, dated as above. 

Abr". C. Cuyler Mayor 
indorsed : Power of Attorney to 
M^ John Blackburne 
Sir William Johnson Bart — 


New York 7'^ July 1772 
Dear Sir 

Yesterday I was honord with your favour inclosing M"^ 
Croghans which I take the first oportunity to return. I beg leave 
to return you mine, & M" Prevost's most Gratefull thanks for 

^ In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

532 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 

your Condessention, and with infinite pleasure acknowledge 
myself happy to be rememberd by you tho at Such a Distance. 

I cannot help'd being Surprised at not receiving any Letters 
from him, perhaps Some may have been left at the Forest. I 
think however, that the people would not have been So voyd of 
Sence as not to have them to the Hall, but what astonishes me 
more is to find no mention is made of the new Colony an affair 
I had reason to believe finally Setled, you know my Authority 
therefore Shall not presume to Say anything further on that 
Subject Except that a few days will clear up that matter to me; 
Only Yesterday I procured a Sort of Leave of Absence in 
Consequence of which I Sett off for Pittsburgh early tomorrow; 
I am orderd to make the greatest dispatch imaginable, my 
father Suposes our Stay to be precarious, indeed the wellfare 
of the Regiment^ requires our Speedy removall, as Desertion 
heere is Surprising None Stays with us but the European, the 
American Recruits (which Composes the better half of this 
Battalion) go off by partys almost every Night, the natural 
Consequence for bringing them from Canada, the General is 
sensible of this, and fears being found fault with, his intentions 
where to have Sent us on a Secrett Expedition but the Orders 
he received from homme prevented it; the two American 
Battallion being expressly exepted by the Secretary of Warrs 
Orders to him. 

I had the Honnor of Dinning with our Governor who pro- 
posed Setting off for Johnson Hall in a Day or two, if I can 
without any Inconssistency be rememberd, I flatter myself you 
will not forget your promise, for if I can possibly accomplish 
what I have in view, nothing shall prevent my becoming an 
Inhabitant of your County. 

I forwarded by M"" Adems a Letter from Mr Fetter' which 
my Father brought from Canada I request my most Sincere 
Respects to Sir John & the Famillys. Flease to accept the 

^ The 60th, or Royal American, recruited largely in Pennsylvania. 
^ Peter Johnson, oldest child of Sir William Johnson and Molly Brant. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 533 

Same from M". Prevost & to be assured that I shall ever retain 
the warmest Sence of gratitude & Respect for you and them 

Dear Sir 

Your most Obed most Obliged 
& most Humble Servant 

Aug. Prevost 
the Honorable SiR WiLLIAM JOHNSON Baro^ 

I beg to be rememberd to Mess"'* Days, Dayly & Barns 


N York July 7'" 1 772 

Major Prevosts Letter. 

A. L. S. 

Albany 6'^ July 1772 


I am favour'd w^ith your's of the 6'^. Ins*, with the power of 
Atty. inclosed, and According to your request have had the same 
proved & Certify'd in the usual way, and return it herewith 

sometime ago, Col°. Swits Apply'd to me for a return of the 
Granad^ Company under my Command, when I signify'd to 
him that I had given the care of the Compy. to my oldest Lieu*. 
M''. Jacob Cuyler, whom I wou'd direct to give him a return 
(myself having much of time engaged on the Attention of my 
Public Office) , and desired him in the mean time to recommend 
my oldest Lieu*, for the Compy., since which have Consulted 
with the Officers of the Compy. and we have thought proper to 
recommend the following Alteration 

In Johnson's hand. 

534 Sir William Johnson Papers 

M'. Jacob Cuyler Cap*., Henry Van Veghten, Peter Ganse- 
voort, & Dan'. Van Antwerp Lieu*^, the other Lieut^ formerly 
of the Compy. beg leave to resign, and desired me to Communi- 
cate the same to you, and as I am inform'd you intend an 
Alteration in the Militia to make out a Set of new Commissions 
I beg leave to recommend the above Alteration to your Appro- 
bation, and at the same time if you thought proper to prefer me 
to the Majority of this Battalion, (which I am inform'd is 
Vacant) you'll confer on me great honor, and as I conceive give 
no offense to my other officer, as I can with safety say that I am 
the oldest Acting Cap', in the Battalion. — 

I beg leave to Acquaint you that I have a Double Deck 
Vessel in building intended for the Trade from this place to 
London, will be launched the begs. of September, and intend 
to Patronize her with your Name, if with your Approbation, 
she will sail the first week in Oct^ & be consign'd to M^ J. 
Blackburn in London, any Commands you or your Connections 
may please to favour her with to or from London, will always 
be punctually perform'd. pardon my freedom of this long 
epestal & beleive me to be with great esteem 


Your Ob*. Humble Servant 

Abr". C. Cuyler 
The Hon'. Sir W". Johnson Bam*. &c. 


Abr"*. C. Cuyler Esq". 
Letter July 8•^ 1 772 

Ans^''. ^ M^ Silvester. 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post'War Period, 1763-1774 535 


Johnson hall July 9"-. 1772, 

M^ Schuyler delivered me your favor of the 5'^. Ins* w'i\h 
the Commission inclosed, which w^as the very first information I 
had of your late Appointment. — I remember that towards the 
end of the Administration of the late Sir Heny Moore, complaint 
was made That the Tenor of your former Commission was made 
to favor one Side in the dispute about property there, which 
might have a dangerous tendency, and that there were many 
irregular and partial Acts done in the forming of that Regiment 
which had inclined S"^ Heny to acknowledge that he had been 
Misinformed when the Appointments were made, & Indeed if 
the Case was as represented, tho' it be far from my inclination 
to give any Gentleman pain, I could not help condemning the 
measure. Sometime after Col. Hogeboom was appointed to the 
Command of the Regiment as the L' Gov"^ informed me, on your 
rejecting a new Commis" because some alterations were made 
amongst the Officers, Since which I have received 2 Returns 
from him. But I should certainly have been informed of your 
late Appointment, as Lord Dunmore must be sensible that If 
It is neither communicated by the Governor, or the Col°. my 
Appointment as Major Gen', of the District cannot be of the use 
for which it was intended, as I certainly ought to know every 
Change in the District I have the honor to Comand which you 
must be sensible was no promotion to me, & was only accepted 
with a View of being as serviceable as I could to the Public. — 
I sho*^. therefore have wished, both for your Justification & mine, 
that a fair enquiry had been made into the Nature of the Alle- 
gations against your Regiment, at present I have ordered the 
Adj^ Gen', to write you for a Return of it to enable me to give 
the necessary ord*. to Col: Hogeboom and I trust you wall 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

536 Sir William Johnson Papers 

always find in my Conduct, the same degree of Candour with 
which I have now expressed myself, and w*^. which all Gent", 
should act towards Each other. I return you the Commiss". 
agreable to your desire by the Hands of M^ Schuyler, & am Sir 

Your most Obed*- Humble Serv* 

P. S. I find in the descript". of your Limits the Words 
"[ ] Claverack." I fancy it is some Mistake. 

Colo"-. John Van Rensselaer 


July 9th. 1 772 _ 

To Col°. J". Ranslear. 


A. L. S. 

Nerv York lO^f^. July 1772 
D«. S«. 

I Receiv'd the Conveyance for Lord Adam Gordon by the 
Post, with your favor of 1 2*^ Ult, but tother day — 

I thought you was to have drawn your self for the Value, but 
if you preferr my doing it. Say to whom the Bill shall be payable 
& to whom sent or deliver'd, & it shall be immediatly done, I 
shall add 20/ to your Ace", for the Postage, as I have no reckon- 
ing with Lord Adam, the Value you can give to any One of our 
friends, among the Many that Visit your hospitable Abode — 
Excha: is at present 72|/2 ^ CK and seems pretty steady, tho no 
dependance can be plac'd on such a fluctuating Medium of 
Business — This I send by his Excellency,' whom I think you 
will like, he is generous, friendly and candid, and goes through 
Business with Alacrity & cleaverness — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Governor Tryon. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 537 

There is a Cursed Commotion in Town, about selling a 
Number of Patents for a Song to pay the Quit Rents, & if this 
Fact is represented truely. In my Opinion there seems to be 
an unfeeling Spirit some where considering the length it has been 
carry'd, tho the warning it must be admitted was long & 
solemn — Let us pay for Northampton or that will go too, if 
not allready gone, for such proceedings are Summary with a 
witness, when they come to the Crisis — One two three & away 
flys an Estate for ever & ever — My regards to S^ John & the 
Colonel — I am with great truth 

D^ S^ 

Y^ Most Obf. Hum. Serv». 

Jno Watts 
S'^. Will Johnson Barr" — 


10^ July 1772 — 

From the Honble 
John Watts Esq^ 


A. L. S. 

New York 10 July 1772 


Your character both in Private and Publick life, encorages me 
to hope you will pardon the liberty I have assum'd of intruding 
on your patience for a few moments, till I inform you, that 
during the time M"": Darlington was your Agent, he bespoke 
two wigs of me, for you which I made, and am Sorrey to inform 
you he never paid me for, and has left me destitute of every 
resourse, but that of relying on your generousity, which I am 
encorage'd to, by some gentlemen who are honor'd with your 
aquaintance to hope you will not permit me to be a Sufferer 

538 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I took the freedom of mentioning this to S"^: John Johnston 
upon his arrival from England, from whom I received some 
encoragement, but I suppose more important affairs has prevented 
his adverting to it Since 

as my character is not knov^n to you, I must beg leave with 
great Submission, to refer you to his Excelb Governor Tryon 
whom I have the honor to be employd by, or to Col": Fanning 
whom I have beg'd to deliver you this. I am likewise well 
known to General and M": Gage, and all the Staff Officers 
for whom I have work'd maney Years 

as to M"" Darlington he is in goal, his house sold and a wife 
and two daughters left Destitute, so that I canot expect aney 
thing from him. Please to signify your pleasure by Cob: 
Fanning, or to your Agent 

I am Sir with Submission 

Your Most Obliged 

Humble Servant 

Fra^ Panton 
To the Hon'^'^: S«: WiLL: JoHNSTON 

[ ] 20 To a bag wig and ribbon — 2 . . 1 . . 

March 24 To Ditto with Ditto 2 . . 1 . . 

£5.. 0..0 


Francis Pantons Ace*. 
^ Co'. Fanning — 

A. L. S. 

Albany 11 ^K July 1772. 


I am favord with your Letter of Yesterday, inclosing me 
£27. .2. .0. for which I now send you a Receipt 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 539 

I can not conceive how it is that your Papers are so often 
missing, I dont think it neglect of the Printers but a remissness 
some how or other in the Clerks and Riders at New York, to 
whom I shall write about it this Post, and desire them to Remedy 
the Evil. 

Things are to go on a better footing in future with the Riders 
that Ply between this and New York and v/i!l be Satisfactory 
to the Publick I hope. I have seen a letter from M^ Foxcroft 
wherein he agrees to allow the Rider an addition of £ 1 00 
per Annum, that he must go Weekly Winter and Summer and 
for the benefit of the Publick up one Side the River and down 
the other, only with this difference that if at certain Seasons the 
Road on one side should be better than the other, he then will 
have his Choice — and in case of default or neglect, a Deduction 
will be made off his pay of Half a Joe for every Neglect; this 
I think is the Plan, and in course will make them be on their 

I have in my Cellar two Q"" Casks and a Barrel of Liquor 
for you, which will be safe untill its convenient for you to send 
for them. I am with great Respect 


Your very hu Servant 

Jn°. Monier 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 



Sir William Johnson Bar'. 


Johnson Hall 

July nth. 1772 — 

M^ Moniers Letter 
& a Recp'. for £27 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

540 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. S. 

Schenectady //">. July 1772 


We have rec*^ your esteemed fav^ of y^ 9'^. Ins'. & herewith 
send the 2^^. Green Tea "^ Acco*. at bottom w^. hope will please. 

Are sorry so much of the Porter was lost, there will be some 
breackeage in most bottled liquor, but more then 10 or 12 Bottles 
in a Teirce is too much, we will therefor w^. pleasure be at the 
loss of |/2 the breackage & you will please to let us know how 
much that is — 

Inclosed is £ 1 00 NYC : for w^. we want a Bill on N York 
when convenient 

We have the Honer to be w*^. due respect 


Your Most Hum' Serv' 

Phyn & Ellice 

2"^ Best Payson tea 26/ 2. . 12. .- 

1 two pound Canaster — .. 2. .6 

1 half pound d° d<^ - . . 1 . . 

£2. .15. .6 


Mess'■^ Phyn & Ellices 
Letter with Cash 
July 11'h. 1772 — 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 541 


A. L. S.i 

Kings College, July II, 1772 
Dear & Worthy Sir, 

Altho I wrote to you lately, I cannot let this Opportunity slip 
without letting You hear from me. 

This goes by my Friend, Col. Fanning," who accompanies 
GovernorTryon to your Parts, & whose Secretary Col. Fanning 
is. I doubt not but You will be much pleased with the Governor, 
who is a most worthy, agreeable Gentleman, & merits the highest 
Esteem from every Person. 

A Report was spread here some Time since, that the Indians, 
provoked by the Murders committed by a Trader, had attacked 
Your House & burned it. I was extremely uneasy, untill I heard 
that the Report was groundless. And indeed the Influence & 
Authority which You have over the Indians, as well as Affection 
& Veneration they bear to You, made it very improbable. 

We have had little Intelligence from D"". Cooper since I wrote 
to You last. We are yet in the Dark as to his Success in the 
several Matters he was charged with. He was in Hopes of 
having the Quit Rents remitted for two Townships lately granted 
out of the New Hampshire Lands, one to this College, & the 
other to the Corporation of Trinity Church in this City.^ This 
would be a considerable Acquisition to both, & there is a Proba- 
bility that it may be obtained. 

We have had a large Addition to our Students this Term. 
We never had so many Freshmen entered at one Time since the 

^ In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

^ Edmund Fanning, son-in-law of Governor Tryon, whose private secre- 
tary he was; in the War of the Revolution, Colonel of the King's Ameri- 
can regiment, which saw service in New York, Connecticut and the 

^ See Ecclesiastical Records of the State of New York, p. 3941, 
3942, 4091. 4092. 4183. 4185. or Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y.. 
7:645. 646. 933, 940; 8:296-98. 

542 Sir William Johnson Papers 

College was erected. It will rise & flourish, I trust, notwith- 
standing the Opposition & Calumnies of its Enemies, But I 
really want to be delivered from my present Trouble, which I 
hope will be soon, as D^ Cooper is expected next Month. 

By this Conveyance I send a Couple of Shirts to my Godson. 
I shall be obliged to You, if you will order them to be delivered 
to his Father. Be pleased also to remember me kindly to the 
Father. I hope the Child is well, & wish he may prove a good 
Man. Could it be effected, it would give me great pleasure if 
the Father would consent to have this Child educated for the 
Ministry. But this must be a matter of future Consideration. 

My best Compliments wait on Sir John, Col. Johnson, & Col. 
Clause. I am with the sincerest Esteem, 

Worthy Sir, 

Your very affectionate Friend, 

& humble Serv'. 

Charles Inglis 

To Sir W'^. Johnson, Bar*. 

INDORSED: July 11 th 1772 

From the Rev<^. M^ Inglis. 


A. L. S. 

New York 14 July 1772 

Dear Sir 

I received yours 26 Ult°. & am glad to hear you got the Money 
safe by M'' Blagge, h that you like the Young Man. I wish he 
had something better than the Clerkship, & that Col° Butler had 
that, as it would be more proper — I am quite clear of the Fever 
& Ague, & hope shall not experience another return of it, tho' I 
am obliged to be a good deal to the Southward, where they are 
never without it, but in Winter. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 543 

Our Governor sett out last Sunday, unexpectedly, he had 
resolved to wait the arrivall of the Packett, but changed his 
Mind. I did not know of his going, I had some Money ready 
to send you, & the Deed for the 1000 Acres on Adigo Creek, 
both shall be sent by first safe hand. 

I could not possibly go & pay you a visitt at this time, I am 
obliged to be in Philad*. for which place I sett out in a few hours. 
If I can get back in time, that I think I may see The Governor 
at Johnson Hall perhaps I may make a flying March & have the 
pleasure of seeing you. If I cannot do it Just now, its probable 
I may before the Winter — I am sure youll like the Gov"" & 
Lady — they will be some time going up — as they propose 
paying some Visitts on the River — The Gov^ will lett you 
know when he gets to Albany, & I suppose Sir John & Col^ 
Johnson will meett him there, & carry him to the Hall, for you are 
so busy I dont suppose you can meet him. 

I have heard nothing of the few Persons you say are dissatisfied 
at y* Court House being at Johnstown, they cannot meet any 
Encouragement here. I think that affair fixed, & wont be altered. 
You can shew the Governor the propriety of it — Inclosed is a 
rec^ for the Metheglin & Lisbon Wine, Cost £23.2.- ^ acco'. 
at foot hereof or Inclosed herem — hope they will please you — 

My Compl'® to M'^ Chew. I sent yesterday by Sandford 
to Albany directed to you a Cask of Cod Sounds & Tongues 
that came from Boston to my Care for him — 

There is the Hue & Cry here about the Pattents sold at 
Albany for Quitt rent. I think such Rascally proceedings in 
buying Gentlemen's property in such a Manner, I think such 
Sales cannot Stand. You will no doubt hear enough of it — 
Col" Delaney is gone up about it — If Men will do all that 
the Law will support them in h have no principle of Honer or 
Conscience, it[s] well there is a Law against picking Pocketts 
or we should not be able to walk the Streets with a Dollar about 
us. I know there is a Law called in our Country Sh'dlalagh & 

544 Sir William Johnson Papers 

If any Man was to wrest my property from me in such a Manner, 
I would apply that Law to him — Depend on it, the Colony 
will be in Arms if this Affair is sufferd to take place. Who is 
sure of His Property — What Mortgage on Lands is good if 
they can be sold in this Way for the King — No Body will lend 
money on Lands but will see the Quitt rent always paid off as it 
becomes due. Enough of this Subject. 

The May Packett not arrived yet. its supposed the Danish 
affairs detain here. My Compl'^ to all Friends with you — I 
am verry Sincerely 


Your obliged & obed' Serv* 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bar'. 

Johnson Hall 

July 14»h. 1772 — 

M^ Wallaces 
Letter — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 507, is listed a letter of July 20th from 
Rev. William Hanna, London, relating to his meeting with Colonel Sharpe 
in Maryland, letters to Lord Fairfax, Colonel George Fairfax and Col. 
Washington in Virginia, ordination in London, efforts of Samuel Wharton 
among the nobility to get him a parish in Virginia, visit to the Privy Coun- 
cil, Mr Wharton's influence, and the monument to Sir Peter Warren in 
Westminster Abbey (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:476-79; Q, 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-/774 545 


Contemporary Copy 

[Albany] July 21, 1772. 
State of a Case 

George Klock William Nellis and sundry others Associates 
purchased from the native Indians & Proprietors a Tract of Land 
near Conajohare for which they obtained Letters Patent in 

Dec^ 1754. 

The said George Klock being used to dealings with the 
Indians was made choise of by the rest to make the Indian pur- 
chase for which he was paid by the Partners but being a very 
artfull designing Man and his Associates Innocent Ignorant 
People he easily persuaded them to Release his shares in the 
Patent to him and also to permit his son tho a Person of little 
or no capacity to be employed as a Surveyor for laying out the 
Patent and dividing the same without which he refused to 
Release to the rest — The Patent being at length divided the 
rest of the Partners applied to said George Klock that he would 
Release their Shares as they had done his which he positively 
refused to comply with unless they would employ his said son 
to draw the Deeds of Release and pay him £3 Y Curry for 
each Deed whereupon the parties having met and taking into 
Consideration that the said Geo. Klock was a crafty Man and 
might Occasion them much trouble and loss of time and con- 
cious of their Ignorance in matters of Law they at length came 
to an Agreement in Writing that they would employ his Son 
for the purposes and at the rate before mentioned provided that 
the Deeds when drawn and laid before some person learned in 
the Law should be approved of by him and deemed good and 
sufficient and this they did from a strong presumption of the 
Incapacity of said Klocks Son who willingly entered into the 
said Agreement. A Deed was accordingly drawn up & trans- 
mited to John T. Kemp Esq^ his Majestys Attorney General 
for his perusal and Opinion who after pointing out some of the 

546 Sir William Johnson Papers 

many Capital Errors therein concluding in these Words but it will 
be too tedious to enumerate all the Defects and therefore I shall 
omitt any more of them and Content myself with declaring my 
Opinion that the Deeds shewn me are entirely defective and bad 
for the purposes they were intended for, which Opinion was 
immediately Communicated to all the parties Nevertheless the 
said Geo: Klock partly by Artifices partly by Threats and 
Menaces imposed so far on some of the parties as to prevail on 
them to except of these defective Deeds but those of Superior 
understanding refused to do so and have now prevailed on the 
rest to enter into a Bond of £ 500 penalty to each other to con- 
tribute their Proportions of the expense that may attend the 
compelling the said Geo : Klock to give them a good and sufficient 
Deeds of Release for their respective Shares which to their great 
loss and detriment they have been kept out of for so many years 
thro the obstinacy of the said Geo: Klock. It is further neces- 
sary to observe thro length of time several of the Fifteen Original 
Patentees are dead whose Rights it is presumed are now in 
Minors Executors fit*^. it is therefore demanded — 

Quere 1^*. What is to be done respecting the Shares of those 
who are deceased and who it is [ ] have a Right to 

proceed in this business 

Q. 2^. What steps are to be taken by the Surviving Patentees 
for obtaining Good and sufficient Releases in the Law for their 
shares and weather they should proceed joyntly with their Heirs 
aforesaid or otherwise 

Q 3^. As the parties are well contented with the Survey and 
Division of the Lots as they now stand they are therefore 
unwilling to go to the Charge of dividing the same according to 
the act of Assembly more particularly as it would Occasion a 
general Confusion and alteration of these Lots have they not then 
sufficient Grounds to proceed against the said George Klock to 
compell him to execute good and sufficient Deeds without pro- 
ceeding according to the said Act. And it is hoped that the 
fullest advice and direction will be given them as well in the 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 547 

Premyses as in any other Matter for their Relief which the 
Ignorance of the Laws may have caused them to omit. 

It does not appear from the Case whether the patent granted 
an Estate in Joint tenancy or Tenancy in Common — nor is it 
very clearly expressed whether by the Release to Clock he was 
thereby vested in the whole or only his separate and divided share 
the latter I take to be the Case — however In answer to the first 
Quere observe that such of the Original Patentees who dyed 
without making Wills and their Shares undisposed of in their life 
time each of their Heirs at Lav/ if of lawful! age may proceed 
by bill in Equity to compell the Execution of deeds conformable 
to agreement those under age may get Guardians appointed for 
the purpose — In Cases where any of the Patentees have dis- 
posed of their rights by will the persons to whom such shares are 
divised must join in bringing the Bill if of lawfull age such of 
them as are interested under Wills and not of lawfull age may 
pursue the same method as above proposed 

2^. In answer to the second Quere — the Surviving Patentees 
must also resort to Equity for Relief as the Circumstances of the 
matters are and they can join in a bill with the Heirs devises 
and representatives of such of the Patentees who are dead which 
will be less expensive or they may sever in their Suits 

3"^. In answer to the third Quere — doubtless on the applica- 
tion of any one or more of the Patentees or partys concerned a 
Division may be made under the Partition act of Assembly but 
no Wonder the partys should be averse to [ ] sure 

from the expense consequent thereof and from the general Con- 
fusion it must [ ] as the allottments would probably 
throw an Intire new face on affairs and the Industry of one Man 
might fall into the hands of another less so and the old possessors 
be obliged to remove from their Farms and Improvements by 
the Change in a new division — still under all these hardships 
expenses and difficulties, the one method or the other must be 
followed Viz either a Chancery Suit or a division under the Act 
unless what I understood from S^ William is actually the Case 
that M^ Fry made a survey by order of the parties and for- 

548 Sir IVilUam Johnson Papers 

tunate for the injured parties if it is so tho it differs and seemingly 
contradict this Case as it is penned or stated for it is said that 
Klock's son was the Surveyor tho indeed they both might be for 
different if not for the same purposes — 

If the Map of division made by Colb. Fry was made by him 
at the request of all the parties for the purposes of a division 
then pursuing the direction of the Act in that particular each of 
the parties and their legal Representatives will hold their Estates 
in severalty according to such division as effectually as if good 
releases had actually been drawn and executed — The Para- 
graph I allude to is in the words following of the division Act 
in 2 Book page 242 

By it therefore Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that every 
former division of Lands by Survey Ballot or otherwise of which 
there is a Map Note or Memorandum in writing specifying to 
whom the several divided parts belong under the Hands of the 
proprietors assenting to the same or under the Hand of their 
Agent or Surveyor shall for ever hereafter be deemed a partition 
thereof between such proprietors so consenting as Effectually to 
all intents and purposes as if the same had been made by deed 
or otherwise according to the due course of Law, provided always 
that such Map Note or Memorandum and Consent be duly 
proved before one of the Judges of the Supreme Court in the 
manner Deeds are now used to be proved in this Colony and a 
true Copy of such Map be filed and such Note or Memorandum 
recorded in the Secretarys Office or in the Clerks Office of that 
County where the greatest part of such Land lay at any time 
during the Continuance of this Act 

On a reperusal of the Act I find it expired on the first of 
January one thousand seven hundred and Seventy and this Case 
not within the meaning of the proviso in the said Act still I would 
advise the same steps requisite to be taken in Order to warrent 
the recording of the Map as if the Act was in its full force 
[per] haps the Legislature in such a Case [ ] Interpose 

by reviving the Act to the [par]ticular 

P. Silvester 

Post^War Period, 1763-1774 549 

On further research I find that on the 31*' 
December 1 768 the said Acts was revived 
and continued until the first of January 

State of a Case of 
George Klock William 
Nellis and sundry others 

M^ Silvesters Opinion 
July I 772 relative 
to Klocks Patent — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 507, is listed a letter from Schenectady 
dated July 23, I 772, from Rev. William Andrews declaring resignation 
at failure to obtain the Johnstown mission and considering hardships of his 
present position (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:480; Q, 4:298). 

A. L. S. 

Kinderhook 27th July J 772 

[ ] 

I returned last night from a Journey, immediately upon my 

coming home I received information that Col° Rensselaer & his 

Son in law Col° Schuyler had actually laid Lists of Militia 

Officers for this Quarter before his Excellency the Governor at 

Albany — The Person who has betrayd them was looked upon 

as a favourer of their designs, by this means our intelligence is so 

direct that we have no doubt but what we have heard is true. 

The Rensselaer Family were so sanguine that they assured our 

Informant that the Col** had the Command of his Regiment for 

^ Note written in a different hand. 
" In Johnson's hand. 

550 Sir William Johnson Papers 

that part of the Manor of Rensselaer which hes at Claverack 
restored to him, that they had it now in their power to do greater 
matters for their friends than ever — The Strictest secrecy how- 
ever was enjoined. My Father has wrote the Governor which 
he has desired me to leave open for your perusal begging the 
favour of you Sir either to have it delivered or suppressed as you 
shall think best. The Several Papers inclosed to his Excellency 
fully shew the nature of our objection to Cob Rensselaers former 
appointments. As it is not improbable (if they can't succeed in 
getting things established as they had them in S"" Harrys time) 
but they will endeavor to get the Kinderhook Regiment divided 
in two and thereby get the Command of the Eastern District — 
My Father begs and entreats the favour of You to prevent a 
measure that will be productive of much discontent and animosity. 
As You have upon a number of occasions befriended us We hope 
and wish You will once more interpose to prevent mischief and 
dispute among a people who live in great harmony. At any rate 
We hope his Excellency will do nothing in so great a hurry as 
that beared, I am in haste to hurry M^ Van Vliet off that he 
may be in time at the Hall 

I remain 

Your most Obliged and Obedient 
humble Servant 


The Honorable 

Sir Wilham Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 

[ ] 

[M^ Van] Schaiks letter 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 551 

A. L. S.^ 

New-york July 28'K- 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

I inclose an Extract of a Letter to me from Captain Turnbull" 
Commanding at Missilimakinac, and shall by first opportunity- 
transmit you the Belt therein mentioned. M"": Claus may possibly 
get something out of his Interpreter S': John,^ whom the Indian 
reports was present when S' : Luc* delivered the Belt, We have 
before Met with Things of this Nature, Sufficient to raise our 
Suspicions, but never able to bring any thing to Light. I was 
in hopes to have beared no more of French Intrigues, which 
have Subsided these two years past 

I have beared Nothing from the Ilinois Since the Middle of 
April ; the Kikapous about forty in Number met Major Hamilton 
on his Way from Fort-Pitt, but either they were not ill disposed, 
or his Party too Strong to be attacked. They went begging to 
him for Rum and Ammunition, but attempted nothing against him. 
The Pouteatamies killed a soldier near to Fort Chartres early 
in Spring, and it was Said that hostile Partys of Kikapous and 
other Indians of the Ouabache were lurking in the Woods, to 
find an opportunity to do Mischief I hear from Missilimakinac 
that a Trader named Houtelaas Partner of Solomon & Chapman, 
by Character a drunken Fellow, was killed by a Chippewa 
between the great Carrying Place in Lake Superior and the 
farther End of the Lake in the Autumn, and Cap'. Stephenson 
informs from the Detroit, that the Hurons will not deliver up 
the Indian who killed the Trader last Fall at Sandusky, saying 
they will wait to see what we do with Ramssey'^ who killed the 

^ In Library of University of Pittsburgh. 

^ Captain George Turnbull — letter of May 28, 1 772. 

^ St Jean Russeau. 

* St Luc La Corne. 

^ David Ramsey. 

552 Sir JVilUam Johnson Papers 

Messessagoes ; and that it is our own Fault that Rum is carried 
amongst theme. 

I have received No other News concerning Indians from any 
of the Posts, but hope the Six Nation Deputys are returned by 
this time from Sioto and brought you Such Tidings as you wish 
and desire ; that the Ohio may be navigated by our Traders 
without Fear or Apprehension of Danger. Governor Penn 
objects giving a Commission of the Peace to M"^: M'^rKee for 
the District of Sioto, being out of his Jurisdiction; and Says he 
has already given him one for the County of Bedford. I have 
not had any answer yet from Lord Dunmore on the same Subject, 

All was Peace and Harmony with the Southern Indians when 
I last beared, and I don't find that the Spaniards at New- Orleans 
gain any Influence over them, or that they take a great deal of 
Pains to gain their Affections ; they appear desirous only to pre- 
serve Peace universaly, and as I hear of no Commotions from 
any of our Posts I hope all is as well in the Northern District. 

I am With great Regards 

Dear Sir 

Your Most obedient 

humble Servan'. 

Thqs. Gage 
Sr. \^m. Johnson Bar»: 


A. L. 5.1 

Kings College, July 29, 1772 
Worthy Sir, 

The Bearer of this, M^ De Wint, is a young Gentleman who 
received his Education in this College, & always sustained an 
unblemished Character. He has lately entered into the Druggist 
Business, keeps an Apothecary's Shop, & deals largely in that 
Branch. He goes to Your Parts to settle a Correspondence, & 

1 In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 553 

solicit Business; & as You might possibly have Occasion to 
employ him in his Way, he requested a Letter of Introduction. 

Some Time ago I wrote to You by M^ Blagge Your Sheriff, 
& sent a Copy of the Indian Memorial, corrected, & as it went 
to England ; also a Pamphlet relative to Bishops lately published. 
Since that I wrote to You again by Col. Fanning, & sent a 
Couple of Shirts for my Indian Godson, both which Packets, I 
hope, went safe. 

Yesterday I received a Letter from D"". Cooper, dated at 
London, the 5'^. of last Month. The Doctor has succeeded in 
his Application to have the Quit Rents of a Township lately 
granted to the College, remitted for ever. He also had Expecta- 
tions that this College would be constituted a University, & one 
or more Professorships established by the Crown. ^ This how- 
ever, tho in a fair Train, cannot be effected before his Return 
to America, which I expect in a little Time. 

D^ Cooper has frequently urged to Lord Hillsborough the 
Expediency of doing something for the Indians agreeably to the 
plan contained in the Memorial; but could not inform me what 
Success it was likely to meet with. If Your Interposition & 
Recommendation of this Measure, & at a Juncture so favourable 
in every Respect for the Execution of it, will not prevail on 
Government to do what is so necessary in every View ; I have no 
Expectation that any Thing will ever done' for the poor Indians. 
This Reflection often distresses me. But I will not despond 
yet; & I earnestly pray Heaven to inspire those, who have it in 
their Power, with an Inclination to forward a Scheme which 
would be productive of so many Benefits to the Community, 
such unspeakable Blessings to those benighted Heathens, & would 
so much advance the Redeemer's Kingdom & Honour. 

Should Governor Tryon be at Johnson Hall when you receive 
this, be pleased to present my most respectful Compliments to 
His Excellency & to his Lady ; & also inform them that I called 

^ See Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:297-98. 
' Omission in the original. 

554 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this Morning at His Excellency's House at the Hill, to see 
Miss Tryon who was perfectly well, in good Spirits, & desired 
her Duty might be presented to her Papa & Mama. 

A Report has prevailed here that John Odeserundy^ had 
wounded an Indian & a white Man with a Knife; the latter of 
whom it was thought could not live. I trust this Report is false. 
It would grieve me much that John should be concerned in such 
an affair; tho it is said he was greatly provoked by the White 

My best Compliments wait on Sir John, Col. Johnson & Col. 
Clause ; & be assured You have the sincere Esteem & best Wishes 

Worthy Sir, 

Your most affectionate & humble Serv' 

Charles Inglis 
To Sir W^ Johnson, Bar'. 

INDORSED: July 29*K 1772 
M^ Inglis' Letter 
^M^ De Wint 

A. L. S.3 

Marbktown July y^ SO^K 1772 
Most Honourable S« . . 

There is a report which prevails of late in the regiment I have 
the honor to Command, as Major, which makes many of the 
good People, belonging to the Regiment (and also many others) 
very Uneasy: Which is that they have heard, your Honour has 
been Petitioned, to make Intercession with his Excellency our 

^ A Mohawk chief. He was active in the war of the Revolution, and 
gave to an Indian settlement on the Bay of Quinte, Can., its name. 

2 Levi Pawling was Colonel of the Third Regiment of Ulster County 
militia in the Revolution. 

^ In Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post'War Period, 1763-1774 555 

Governour, to get John Dumont Coll: of the first regiment, in 
Ulster county, Andrew De Witt, Second, and Cornelius Wyn- 
koop. Major, who will if so. Supersede Coll: Hardenbergh, 
Coll Hasbrouck, and Myself I have not the least Reason to 
think your Honor, will do any thing of the Kind, but least 
your Honor, may be imposed on, through the Means of False- 
hood, I shall use the Freedom to Say, if those Gentlemen should 
be Commissioned, in the manner as is proposed, it will be a means 
of Subverting our Regiment, as all the Gentlemen, now in Com- 
mission will be Superseded, And I am almost Sure will lay 
down their Commissions : Your Honour may take it for Granted, 
that they are Men full of Pride, and Ambition, and in general 
much Disliked. I was with the Governor last Fall, for Com- 
missions to fill up some Vacancies in the Regiment. His Excel- 
lency told me he was ready to Grant them, but as there was at 
that Time no Militia Law, Chose Rather to Refer the same, 
till he could get a Militia Law pass'd as that is now done,^ We 
(the field Officers) do intend as Soon as possible to get all the 
Vacancies fill'd, and also to get Several new Companies made, 
as our Regiment is much increased since the last War. Your 
Honour will pardon my Freedom and admit me to desire your 
Answer and to Subscribe myself your most 

Humb'. Serv'. 

Levi Pawling 


The Honourable 
S"": William Johnson Bar*: &c 
att Johnson Hall in Tryon County 
These with care 

INDORSED:' Marbletown July 30'K 1772 
Major Pawlings Letter 

1 Passed March 24. 1 772. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

556 Sir William Johnson Papers 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 507, are listed the following transactions 
with New York Indians at Johnson Hall from July 28th to August 1st: 
Governor William Tryon's speech to the Conajoharees (printed in Doc. 
ReL to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:307-8) ; the same to the Mohocks (printed 
in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:308—9) ; and proceedings as follows 
with the Conajoharees, Mohawks and Oneidas (for July 28-30 printed 
in Doc. ReL to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:304-10 in somewhat different order) ; 
speeches of Conajoharees asking Governor for redress against George 
Klock and Mr Colden; replies of Indians to speeches of Governor; speeches 
of and to the Oneidas; land purchases from the Oneidas; agreement with 
the Oneidas to extend colony boundary to the St Lawrence river. 



Cash &ca to the Mohocks July 3hK 1772 

29 Bills at £10 r^ £290 

6 D° at 5 D° 30 

1 Do 3, 

4 Half Joh^ 65^ Each 13. .— 

Palmer 2 Dollars — ..16 

His Excellcy £336. .16 

The Gov^ 

250 Dollars (for Bergen) 100. .— 

140 Dollars from Glen 56. .— 

A Note from M^ Fonda for 1 86 . . 6 

£679.. 2 
A note of hand from S"^ W Johnson payable in 

3 Months 1320.. 18 


Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 557 


A. L. S. 

Albany y^ 3^ Aug^ 1772 

Dear Sir 

Inclosed I Send You one Hundred and Thirty Pounds, for 
My fifth of the Indian Purchase Made by Jelles Fonda Esq*^ of 
Lands near Fort Stanwix in which I am Interested one fifth You' 
be Pleased to Apply this Towards the Payment of the Note 
You were So ObHging to Give of £650 for the Whole and be 
so Kind as to Send me a Receipt for this Sum I am Just Ready 
to Sett of to New York when I shall [ ] be happy to be 

of Service to You or Yours I am 

[ ] 


Your Most Obedient Serv* 

Oliver De Lancey 
To S« W"^ Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 


Alby. 3d. August 1 772 

Oliver De Lancey Esq' 

Letter with Cash 

A. L. S. 

[New York Aug'. 4'K 1772] 
[ ] 

I wrote you before I sett off [ ] 

[ ] I returned yesterday, & about two hours [ ] 

Mr. White arrived from Albany & deliver'd [ ] your 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

558 Sir JVilliam Johnson Papers 

Letter of 30 July — I am very happy [to] find Our Good 
Governer was well with you & liked the Country — I was 
detained a Week at least more than I expected, or I would have 
sett out & endeavoured to meet the Governer with you — I have 
sent by Skipper Ten Eyck as you desired Twenty Barrells of 
Pork, they ask £ 5 . . 1 . . — for this Country Pork, which is 
so high, that I bought Irish Pork which I think is preferable, 
(without partiality) at £4. . 15 ^ barrell — at foot is the Cost 
of y^ whole 

I have likewise sent a Bundle & a Case or Baskett that came 
here for you, & a Box for Col°. Claus, for whom I send a Letter 
inclosed. I suppose he is now in Canada or I would write to 
him — I have found no safe hand to send you some Cash yet, 
shall send you some first oppertunity, & you may draw as you 
have occasion — No News here. I am much hurry'd being Just 
come home & the Packett sails on Thursday. I am sorry for the 
Villanous Massacre of Indians that Vv^e see [ ] 

[ ] great deal of Trouble — Many [thanks to] 

you for the Care you take of my part of [ ] 

at Fort Stanwix — M'■^ Wallace desires her Compl*\ I am 


Y^ obliged & obed'. Serv'. 

Hugh Wallace 

20 Barrells Pork at 95/ £95 . .- 

Carting to the Sloop 5 

£95.. 5 

M"^ White desires his Compl'*- 
Pray make mine to all with you 

Sir Will Johnson Bar'. 
Johnson Hall 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 559 


[ ]m Johnson 

London 5^K AugK 1772. 


The Intention of this is to acquaint you with my Resolution 
to Quit the American Business. It requires more Attention than 
my Future Views will permit me to Give & therefore I wish to 
Extricate myself entirely as Soon as possible. It may be a Con- 
venience to you to have a Correspondent connected with 
America; if So I Shall be Ready to Serve you 'till you fix on 
One to your Mind, not with a View of Business but of Accomo- 
dating an Old Acquaintance of my late Father's. I have 
Received your Letter of 1 0'*^. May, will Present your Power of 
Attorney to the Bank, & the Dividends I may Receive by it, 
shall be Stated in your Account which I will Send to you by a 
Ship going to New York in about 1 Days. 
I am for the Present with Great Regard 


Your most Obed'. Serv'. 

Sam^. Baker 
addressed : 

Sir William Johnson Bar', 
at Johnson Hall — Albany 

New York 



London August 5'^. 1 772 — 
M'. Saml Bakers letter 

In Johnson's hand. 

560 Sir William Johnson Papers 


A. L. 5.1 

OssTvigachey AugK 5'''; 1772 
My Dear S«. W". 

We most Impatiently waiting at Niagara for the Honour of 
a Line from you In Answer to the Many Letters we done Our- 
selves the Honour of Writing to You, but receiveing no Answer 
and finding it would not Answer staying at Niagara which we 
would be Oblidged to have done, as we Could not go to Out 
posts, we Accepted of an Invitation which the back Indians gave 
Us to Come among them and are thus farr on Our Way In Com- 
pany with M"" Hare, who Goes Along with Us. we are Under 
no Apprehension but we will meet with great Success please God 
we Live to get there, it being the Richest place for furr on the 
Communication, and the quietest Ind"^ if we had not took this 
step we found we must sink money, Goods being as Cheap at 
Niagara, Detroit, Missilimackina as Down the Country, you 
may Depend on it that we will Act prudent & spare no pains to 
make Something and you shall allways find we will be punctual 
with Everry One with whom we have Connextion particularly 
you, as farr as we possibly Can, when we get down the River 
we go up the Grand River & have 28 Carrying places to go 
Over. Our sincere Wishes to S^ John & the Family & we hope 
you will believe us to be with the Greatest Gratitude 

My Dear sir W"™. 
Your Most Oblidged & most Ob'. 

Hum servants 
Wade & Kreuser 

P. S. we will do Ourselves 
the Honour of Writing you 
from Montreal were we must 
go to buy Canoes 

In Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 561 

& Stores, we have a fine Cargo 
which we Leave at the Mouth 
of the Grand River, we hope to meet 
with Capt". Clause. 


The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Bart 

Johnson Hall 

INDORSED: Swegatchy 5*^^. Aug**. 1772 
Ferrall Wades letter 


Johnson hall Aug'. 6'l\ 1772 

Dear Sir, 

I am favored with your Letter of the 28'^ ult°. with the 
Inclosure, the contents of which may not be without good founda- 
tion, I own I have always been inclined from his Character & 
many other circumstances to entertain Suspicions of Mons^ St 
Luc," and you may recollect that in 1 762 a little before the late 
Indian War, Major Gladwin then Comds at Fort W*". Augustus 
transmitted to S"" Jeff. Amherst the particulars of Intelligence 
obtained in much the same manner from an Indian in whom he 
had great Confidence, wherein M^ S' Luc was mentioned to 
have been at the bottom of a plot then hatching, as also sev'. 
other persons whose names with their whole proceedings were 
therein Mentioned, but it was never inquired into, & the War 
broke out soon after. I shall direct M"" Claus to endeavor to 
Sound S' Jean,^ in such a manner as not to alarm him too much. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
2 St Luc La Corne, 
^ St Jean Russeau. 

562 Sir William Johnson Papers 

but when all is done, these Schemes are generally conducted with 
so much artifice & secrecy, and the parties so united in Sentiments 
thereon, that it is hardly possible to bring it to a Conviction. 

The State of Affairs in Europe influences much on these 
Occasions, for It is pretty generally conjectured I believe that 
War is not far off, and none are more ready to give Credit to 
that opinion than the Ind^ & French in Canada; to many of 
whom It would be highly agreable, & therefore the latter will 
leave nothing undone to prepare the Indians against such an 
Event. Cap' Stephenson is come down from Detroit, what the 
Hurons said to him concerning the Murder at Sandusky shews 
their doubts of our Justice concerning the affair of [Ramsay,]" 
and I could wish that some method was fallen upon to [put it 
out] of their power to Complain of the Sale of Rum which 
is both [the] Cause of & in their opinion an Apology for 
Murder. — 

The Six Nation Depy* are I hear on their way back & I am 
Likewise informed that Sev'. Nations declined coming to the 
Congress at Scioto, on this subject I shall be enabled to write 
you more fully in a little time. — 

The Governor is now here & has perfected the purchase of 
sev'. Large Tracts of Land on the North Side of the Mohock 
River the property of the Mohocks & Oneidas, who with many 
White people &ca have been here for these 1 days past 

His Excell^y L^ Gen^- Gage 


August 6^^ 1 772 — 

To Lieut Gen'. Gage, 
concern? the Intelligence received 
from Michilimackinac. 

^Missing words supplied from original letter dated Aug. 7, 1772 in 
the William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 563 


Johnson hall Aug'. 8'K 1772 
My Lord/ 

I received with great pleasure your Lordships Letter of the 8*^ 
of June by Alston the Catawba Indian as it gave me an Oppor- 
tunity of hearing that you were well, & of paying my respects 
to you, which will always yield me much Satisfaction. 

Gov^ Tryon who has passed some days here & before whom 
Several Land purchases have been perfected, intends to take the 
Indian under his care to New York from whence I hope he 
will arrive Safe in his own Country, he seems to be a quiet dis- 
creet fellow, and I have given him some little presents. 

Sir John, Col. Johnson &ca desire to present you their most 
respectfull Complements, and be assured that it will ever afford 
me Much pleasure to hear of your Lordships health & happiness 
as I am allways with Perfect Esteem, 

My Lord, 

Your Lordships 

most Obed' & very humble Serv* 

The R' honble 
the Earl of Dunmore. 


Aug^ 8^^^ 1 772. 

To his Excelly the R' honble 
the Earl of Dunmore 
Gov"" General of Virginia. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

564 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson hall AugK 8^K 1772. 


I was favored with your Letter of the 10th Ult° by his 
Excell'^y the Gov"", with whose agreable Society for Some days 
past I have been much pleased as he is a most friendly & Candid 

If you can give me a bill payable to M^ John Blackburn 
Merch^ in London for the Ammount, it will be most Agreable, 
Col : Fanning will deliver you the 20* you Mention as the Am', 
of postage 

The Commotion has been full as great here as with you, on 
accot of the Sale of Patents, some of which with 40 Farms on 
them have Gone off for less than the price of One. — The 
Warning 'tis true was long given & repeated but the sale was 
huddled up with Surprizing Quickness & Secrecy, for there were 
scarcely no bidders. — I am however in hopes that some means 
may be fallen on for the relief of the Sufferers, but that should 
not make us lose sight of the necessary Care for those Patents 
who are to be next taken in hand and therefore I think you had 
best Settle with those at N York &ca who may have Concerns 
in Northampton that the Whole may be paid off, which shall 
be done whenever you inform me that the rest are ready with 
their Shares. — 

Sir John & Col: Johnson desire to be very kindly remembered 
and I am allways 

Dear Sir 


The Hon^'^ J Watts Esq^ 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson, 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 565 


Aug'8'h 1772.— 

To the Honble Jn°. Watts 


A. L. S. 

London <S"' August 1772 

I had the Honor of writing You on the 26 Mar : since which 
have Recevd Your very poHte & introductory Letter of 28 feby 
in favor of Mr Alex"^ Ellice — I concurr with You in Sentiments 
of this Gent". & am happy in His acquaintance — He is now 
on a Tour to Scotland & proposes returning very early in the 
Spring — be assur'd I will Shew Him every Civility in my 
power on Your Account — 

a few Weeks ago M"" Sam' Wharton apply'd to Me for Two 
Hundred pounds on Your Ace', observing that this Sum was 
necessary to be paid to Him for Your Share in the Grant of 
Lands upon the Ohio River — I told Him that this or any other 
Sum of Money was at His disposal as soon as the Grant was 
pass'd, but I must first inform myself in what State the Grant 
was in before I could pay Him — & propos'd waiting upon 
Him in 4 days — He went away, but before the End of 4 Days 
I recevd a Note from Him acquainting Me that He had no 
occasion for this Money, as He had raisd it from some other of 
Your Friends — I acknowledge to You that this Note surprisd 
me not a little, but upon Enquiry found that the Grant was not 
in that State of Readiness as to require an imediate payment — 
for tho it had been consented to by Council Yet the Report was 
not recorded — & it now remains in the same Situation — I need 
not inform You of Lord Hillsborough's opposition to this Plan 
& if it be carried through of His Lordships resignation in conse- 

566 Sir William Johnson Papers 

quence of it — in my opinion the Grant will pass — & that Lord 
Hillsborough as well as many others of the Lords of Trade will 
resign — 

I dont know any Gent" better qualify'd to reason upon this 
Subject than Yourself & of its consequent Effects — as such shall 
not deliver my Sentiments — many Gent" object to it as 
impolitical & anticomercial & big with danger to this Country 
as well as to America — 

I thought it necessary to relate the Circumstance of M"" 
Whartons conversation with me upon this Matter lest it might 
be misrepresented for be assured that I am ready to advance 10 
times that sum at any time when Your occasions May require 
it of me — 

I am with much Respect 

Your much obliged and 

Very humble Servant 

John Blackburn 
addressed : 


Sir W"*. Johnson Bar', 
at Fort Johnson 
near Albany 
To the Care of Henry White Esq'. 

New York 
^ Rose 


London S^K August 1 772 

M^ Blackburns letter — I 

^ In Johnson's hand. 


Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 567 


L. 5. 

Spring Gardens at Charing Cross 
Monday 10'^ August 1772 — 


Having on my Way to Michilimakinak, in the Year 1 766 
been favored with Your Appointment to manage the Indian 
Affairs at that post; I request the Favor of You to certify that 
Appointment, as also the Allowance which the Commissary who 
succeeded me had ^ Year in order that I may be paid by 
Government for that Service — I am 


Your most obedient, and 

most humble Servant 

Robert Rogers 
To Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


London 10»K Aug»». 1772 

Roger's letter 

Contemporary Copy 

[Augmt II, 1772] 


[Mo]hawke Indians [ 
called Ticonderoga did by and with [ 
and approbation of their whole Nat [ion 
used by them in all or most cases) apply [ 
Corporation of the said City to take [ 

^ In Johnson's hand, 

^ John De Peyster mayor of Albany 1 729 and 1 732. 

^ Lines burned off. 

568 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them for one Thousand Acres of Low or Meadow [Land] 
lying at Ticonderoga aforesaid that thi[ ] 

with some others of the Corporation a Co[ ] 

appointed for that purpose in consiquen[ce ] 

appHcation of the Indians went to Ticonderoga and had a Deed 
made and Executed by the Indians in due form to the intire 
satisfaction of the Majority of the Mohawke Nation for the said 
One Thousand Acres of Land by which Deed the said Land 
was granted to the said Corporation in trust Nevertheless for 
the said Mohawke Indians so long as they should continue a 
Nation and be their settled and from and immediately after that 
the Remainder to the only proper Use and behoof of the said 
Corporation their Successors and Assigns for Ever, that this 
deponent after the Execution of the Deed aforesaid at the 
request and desire of the Corporation aforesaid kept the said 
Deed in his Possession untill on the twelfth day of September 

[ '] 

[ ]ponents attend [ ] 

[ s]aid Indian Dee[d ] 

Ticonderoga aforesaid as he wanted to have a [ ] 

of it. That his deponent in Consequence [ w]hich Message 

waited upon his Excellency with the said Deed and delivered 
the same to him (not doubting in the least but that his said 
Excellency [wojuld return it again to this Deponent as soon as 
he had perused it for the Indians.) That after his said Excellency 
had perused the said Deed himself he gave it to Lawrence 
Clawsen then sworn Interpretor and ordered him to interpret the 
said Deed to the Indians then about six or seven in Number 
present. That after the Interpretation of the said Deed his said 
Excellency asked the Indians what they would have him do 
with the said Deed to which they replied his Excellency might 
do with it what he pleased, he might keep it in his own possession 
if he thought proper, which his Excellency declining told them 
they might do with it as they saw fit Whereupon the said 
Indians desired his said Excellency to return the said Deed to 

Lines burned off. 

Post'War Period, 1763-1774 569 

this Deponent to remain in this Deponents Custody and Care 
and at the same time desired to have a Copy of the Deed 
to preserve among themselves which this Deponent then 

[ '] 

that he should [ J 

it should be destroyed [ J 

ment (or v^ords to that Effect) [ J 

replied that as he this Deponent [ J 

Corporation he hoped his Excellency [ ] 

so honorable as to return it again to them [ ] 

That Notwithstanding this Deponent made [use] of many more 
pressing Arguments with [his] Excellency to return the said 
Deed to him this [Depo]nent could not by any means prevail 
upon [his] said Excellency to return the same but instead his 
said Excellency gave the said Deed to one of the Indians named 
Arie making Signs and giving Directions at the same time to 
the said Indian to destroy the said Deed which the said Indian 
did by tearing the same to peices and throwing them in the (ire 
in presence of his said Excellency several of his Majestys Council 
Dirk Ten Broek then Recorder of the said City of Albany 
and this Deponent Upon which this Deponent left his said 
Excellency much displeased and dissatisfyed and further this 
Deponent saith not. 

Jn° De Peyster 
Sworn the 18^^ day of Marchl 
Anno Dom. 1 769 — J 

Jacob C. Ten Eyck, Justice 

And this Deponent being farther 

[ ■] 

[ ] & Children expresses [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] Deponent saith not. 

Jn^ De Peyster 
[Sworn the ] day of 

[ ] before me 

[Jacob C] Ten Eyck Justice 

^ Lines burned off. 

570 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Deposition of John De 
Peyster Esq*^. 
Copy — 


A. L. S. 

Albany August 12^^ 1772 
Honoured Sir/ 

I have found the Certain place where Ticonderoga is, but not 
Crown Point Yet, it Cannot Possible differ above a Mile from 
Crown Point as it is laid down here, on this Little Map inclosed, 
which I had made for Coll: Johnson, When here, but he left 
this Place Before I had an opportunity to See him, being 
Confin'd My family All Sick. 

M^ Campbell is going out to Run the out Lines of the Pur- 
chace, and from the favours I have already Received of Your 
Honour, I have reason to beleive That You will Order as few 
Indians Along with Him, as will Answer the Purpose which 
will much Oblige 

Honoured Sir 

Your Most Obliged and 
Very Humble Servant 

Eben«. Jessup 
Sir William Johnson. 


M^ Jessups Letter 
^ M^ Campbell 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 571 

A. L. S.i 

Kingston August y 12^^ 1772 

Here Is a Report Prevails That John Dumon, Andries T: 
Dewit, and Cornelius Winkoop Jun, Have applyed to you and 
Coll Broadstreet, to make Interest for them With his Excellency 
The Governor To obtain Commissions for them (To Wit) John 
Dumon for Coll Andries T : Dewit for Lt : Coll : and Cornelius 
Winkoop Jun for Major, of the first Regiment In Ulster 

I Being from home Some Time at my Country Seat at Guil- 
ford, and When I Returned home again Last Saturday, Severall 
of the Subaltern officers of our Regiment Came to me, and 
acquainted me of That Report, and Informed me that there 
Was Great uneasiness amongst The officers, and also amongst 
They Private men 

In Case These Men Should be put In Commission, It Would 
Cause a Great Confusion in the Regiment, I Dont Think There 
Could be three other Persons Thought of In the Whole Regi- 
ment, Would be so Disagreeable as Those Gentlemen Named 
above. Who have applyed to you as Is Said to Reported 

I should Take It as a favour If you Would be so Kind To 
make me answer on this Letter, If they have applyed to you 
or Not, that the Truth may be Known of That Report, that I 
may be able to Satisfy my officers under my Command, and 
You'll oblige Your Sincere friend and most Humble Servant 
to Command — 

Abraham Hasbrouck 

S"^ William Johnson Barronet 
at Johnson's Hall 
in the County of Tryon 

^ In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

572 Sir William Johnson Papers 

S"" William Johnson Barronet 

at Johnsons Hall — 
In The County of Tryon 

With Care & Speed — 


August 12^K 1772 — 

Co'. Hasbroucks letter 


[Johnson hall Aug^. J 3^K 1772] 

[ ] 

Since my last I have had much Conversation vs^ith [Cap*.] 
Stevenson on the affairs to the Westward from which he took 
occasion to point out his Inclination to prove himself of use in 
the Indian Department, or to improve the Friendship which the 
Indians to the Westward entertain for him or in short to embark 
in any thing else for which he was most fitting observing that he 
did not think himself longer Qualified for the discharge of 
Military duty, on this acco* he earnestly Sollicitted me to repre- 
sent to you that his deafness rather increases & that he is much 
afflicted with the Stone for which reasons only he is desirous 
of retiring on half pay, but apprehending that it may be at 
present difficult to meet with a Gentleman who would give him 
the regulated difference, he would chuse to resign his Company 
to any Officer you think proper, If it be agreable to you to give 
him some place equal to half pay & the Officer who succeeds 
the regulated difi^erence and in hopes that such place can be 
Secured to him as his present Commission, he seems desirous of 
getting the Care of some post, as Fort Stanwix Ontario &ca at 

'^ In Johnson's hand. 

- In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 573 

any of which he is wilHng to reside & declares that it is not 
occasioned by any apprehension of being sent to the West Indies 
that he makes this request, but in consequence of resolutions long 
entered into founded on the Circumstances I first mentioned — 
I really dont know how far I may consistently recommend his 
request, but as I have always understood that he was a Gent" of 
good Character, I apprehend you will indulge me in Saying that 
[I believe if he was put into Some of the Posts he might likewise 
be of Use with the Indians, from the turn he has appeared to 
Shew for such Affairs which has produced]' A Con- 
fidence & Esteem on their parts that cannot [be acquired but] 
by those who study their manners & endeavor to please [them] 
{that he might have been of Service at Detroit had he] 
there longer expecially since the late affair that happened [at] 
Lake Erie as a proof of which the Indians in that quarter appear 
to have Esteem for Him] & they gave him a belt of Wampum 
at parting as remembrance in token of their regard. [/ will 
take the Liberty farther to add that]' I should by no means have 
presumed to give you this trouble did I not apprehend that he 
is deserving of recommendation on the Score I have mentioned, 
[and therefore it will give me pleasure to hear that his request 
is not deemed unreasonable being rvilling to Serve him so far 
as I may Consistently] but as the propriety of his proposal can 
only be decided by yourself; If the former is wrong, I hope you 
will attribute it to my inclination to Serve him, at his particular 
desire, without which I should not have taken this Liberty. 

His Excelly. Lieut Gen^. Gage 


Aug». 13'h 1772 
To Genl Gage ^ 
Cap* J as Stevenson 

^ Missing words supplied from the original letter in William L. Clements 
Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

^ Words italicized and inclosed in brackets are crossed out in the 
manuscript draft. 

574 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

New York 14^ August 1772 

We received Your favour of 7'^ Ins* directed to our H. W. 
who is at present in the Country — the bill on M'. Isaac Low 
for £ 1 1 3 is paid & the one on M^ Leif arts he will pay in a few 
days your Acco' will have Cred^ for bouth — we have agreeable 
to your desire purchased Six Quarter Casks of Choice Lisbon 
Wine which we Send you by Skiper Jacob Lansing we Deb', you 
for the Cost & Carting £54:3:0 — we have also Sent you by 
Jacob Lansing a bundle Containing one thousand Pounds York 
Currency which Lansing is to deliver to M'' John Monner with- 
out any Charge to you — we are with much respect 


Your most obed*. Serv'*. 

Hugh & Alex«. Wallace 
addressed : 


Sir William Johnson Bart 

Johnson Hall 

August 14'h 1772 — 

Hugh & Alex^ Wallace 

A. L. S. 

London 14^^. August 1772 

I Confirm the Above^ to be Copy of my Last, Since which 
I have made Use of your Power of Attorney, & have Rec'^. 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

2 The letter of August 5, 1771. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 575 

three year's Dividends on your £2600 ConsoH. 3 p C* Ann* 
which you will see Stated in your Acco'. Current forwarded 
with this; also the Balance of your Acco^ with S"^ W"*. Baker 
£1100:8:3 Stlg which his Executors have paid to [me] & I 
have disposed of by Purchasing Fourteen hundred Pounds more 
Stock in ConsoH. 3 p Cent Annuities as the Account will Shew — 
There is Still in my hands £ 107:12:5 Stb Balance due to you 
which I thought you might have occasion for by Bill of Exchange 
or other Convenience. — You have now £4000 Stock in your 
name, & My opinion is that you Cannot have your money more 
Securely Vested; There is very little difference in the Funds; 
Government is the Security of them All, and they therefore Rise 
& fall Together. If we may Judge from few years past & the 
Present General Report, We have no Chance of any Great 
Alteration. — 

I am 

Your most Obed* Serv' 

Sam'-. Baker 
£4000 Stock^ — from 5»h. July 
1772 to D". 1773 
2600 of which from 5'^. July 1772 

toD-: 1773 £78..-..- 

1400 of D°. from August 14'^ 

1772 to D«. D° 42..-..- 

4000 £120..-..- 

Ball: in M^ Bakers Hands of mine— £ 107. . 12. .5 
w'^. I have also ordered with y^. Dividends as they 
become due, to purchase Stock in y^. 3 p C C^. Funds — 



Sir William Johnson Bar* 
At Johnson Hall 

^ The statement from this point is in Johnson's hand. 

576 Sir William Johnson Papers 


London 5*^. August 1 772 

M^ Sam'. & W"". Bakers letter 
Ans'^d. 23d. Janry. 1 773 


A. L. S.' 

London I4'K AugK 1772. 
S^ William Johnson Bar*. 

According to your Desire to M^ S: Baker of having a State 
of all your Concerns With us and him. We now forward your 
Account Current with S^ W™. Baker. We make the Balance 
of it £ 1100. .8. .3 & have this day paid to M-^ S. Baker 

Your most Obed*. Serv'*. 
For.— Wilh. Richd. & S. Baker 

Sam^. Baker 
addressed : 


Sir William Johnson Bar', 
at Johnson Hall 

London 14'^^. August 1772 

M^ Bakers letter — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ The New York State Library has a signed copy of this letter sent 
^ Capt Banyan," and indorsed by Johnson, August 14, 1772. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 
























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[Whitehall August 14. 1772] 

[ ] 

The King having [ ] me to be One of His 

Majesty's [ ] and to commit to my Care the [ ] 

Business as relates to His Majesty's [ ] earliest 

Opportunity of acquainting you. 

It will give me great Satisfaction [to] fulfil His Majesty's 
gracious Intentions in [ ] Appointment, and as it is 

His Majesty's [ ] that your Dispatches should, for the 

future, be [ ] to me, I shall not fail to lay them 

immediately [ ] the King, and to transmit to you such 

Orders [as] His Majesty shall think fit to give thereupon. 

I am. 

Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 

A. L. S. 

Albany August 15^^ 1772 
Honoured Sir/ 

I Recived Your favour of yesterdays Date acquainting me 
that M"" Campbell Had Applied For the Indians to Attend the 
Survey, and Also Desired to Be Permited to Run the Mistaken 

^ In August 1772 Lord Dartmouth succeeded Lord Hillsborough as 
Secretary of State for the Colonies and President of the Board of Trade 
and Foreign Plantations in Lord North's administration. He retained 
these posts until November 1 775, when he was appointed Lord Privy 

580 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

Line to the Southwest of the Real Corner of Schuylers Patent 
&c — 

It Always was my intention to Adhear invariably to the Agree- 
ment Made with the Indians, in Respect Of the Place of 
beginning at the North West Corner of North Hampton, and 
that that Place should Be fixed by Your direction alone 

The Map I sent by M"^ Campbell was chiefly to Shew How 
far north, ten Miles North of Crown Point Would be, and at 
the Same time to Shew What a Large Quantity would be Con- 
tained in the Purchace though I should Have been Very Glad 
if it had been began Right at first 

I told M*^ Campbell Always, he must begin at the North West 
Corner of North Hampton, by your Direction, and Where 
You'll please to fix his Place of beginning [ ] North 

West Corner of North Hampton Will be Most Agreeable to 
me — the Expence of Surveying new lines Will be Considerable, 
I belive the Indians was shewn On the Map about half or three 
Quarters of A mile west of the River, for the S^. N. W. corner 
of N. Hampton, and I believe they would not be Deceived by 
About that Distance from the River for their Place of beginning 

And if Your Honour was to take two or Three thousand 
Acres of Land Along next Above North Hampton as we was 
talking then I Doubt not but It would be As Agreeable to M"^ 
Banyar as to have it Himself — And the Indians Not in the 
Least Deceived in the Quantity Neither — and then it Would 
Save me a Deal of Expences — but as I Said before The Place 
Which You'll Please to Give to M' Campbell For beginning is 
Most Agreeable to Honoured Sir, 

Your Most Obliged and Very Humble Servant 

Ebenr Jessup 
Sir William Johnson. 

Should be Obliged to You Sir to Let me Know the Place 
You'll Please to Direct him to begin, as I have Given Him 
Orders to Act Accordingly, and also if You incline to take them 
two or three Thousand Acres As above that I may Accquaint 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 581 

M' Banyar &c What Your Honour Does in it; And What is to 
be Done by Your Humble Serv* 

E. J. 


August \5^. Mil 

M^ Jessups Letter — 
concern?, y^. Survey — 
Agreed to run Palmers 
Line on y*. Eastermost 
of y^, 2 lines w'^. were run 


A. L. S. 

New York 20^h AugK 1772 
Dear Sir 

The Bearer M^ Edward Nicholas of Bristol, is verry warmly 
recomended to severell Gentlemen here, he purposes (as it's now 
the fashionable Tour) to view the Falls of Niagara, & would 
not chuse to pass Johnson Hall, without paying his respects to 
you. I beg leave to introduce him to your Acquaintance & 
Friendship, His Meritt & good Sence will recomend him more 
than anything I can say, & will be the best Apology for my 
troubling you, I am always respectfully 

D'' Sir Your most Obed^ Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir W" Johnson Bar* 


A petition to Governor William Tryon, signed by Johnson and more 
than fifty others, dated August 21, 1772, was sold at Henkel's auction 
rooms in Philadelphia, Pa., on April 27th, 1900. Present owner is 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

582 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S.^ 

Albany 22^. August 1772. 

I have now in my Cellar Six Quarter Casks of Lisbon Wine 
for you, sent to my care by Hugh & Alexander Wallace, also 
One paper Bundle Containing One thousand pounds which I 
am desired to keep in my hands untill I have your Orders 
respecting the same. 

I am Respectfully 
Your very hu Servant 

Jno. Moniere 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 


A. L. S. 

New York 26^h ^^^gt /JJZ 
Dear Sir 

I hope you have reed the Cash £2000 & the Wine sent you 
the 14'h Inst. 

I have your favours 7^ & 12'^ Ins*. & am happy at the Acco* 
the Governor gives me of your good health. He sounds your 
praise loudly, & says he is much indebted for your Civility — 

I have bespoke the Gudge Plates for your Mill, they will be 
done in a day or two, & Shall be forwarded imediately — & so 
shall the Glass, Paint &c — & the rum — I am in doubt whether 
I shall have the pleasure of seeing you this Fall or not. I will 
if I can — Nothing new here — My Compl'^ to all y^ Family 
& believe me I am most sincerely 

Dr Sir 
Y^ obliged & obed' Serv* 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir Will Johnson Bar* 

In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 583 



Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall 
Tryon County 

August 26»K 1 772 

M^ Wallaces letter 


Johnson hall Augt 27^K 1772 
Good Sir, 

I am now (tho' late) to acknowledge your 3 favors the last 
of which was of the 29th ult°. by M^ De Wint, an Agreable 
Young Gentleman who made me a short visit, — Col Fanning 
who is a Worthy Good Man delivered me the last but one of 
yours & I have given the Shirts to your Godson, whose family 
seem impressed with the Strongest Sentiments of Regard for 
your Attention which the Father has requested me to express 
to you, and I imagine it may not be difficult hereafter to procure 
his accordation that the son may be Educated for the purposes 
you Mention. — 

I am very Glad to hear that our Friend D^ Cooper has 
effected so much for the Colledge &ca and that the Students 
increase under your Superintendency, which I look on as a 
Matter of much Consequence to the Church, I should be very 
happy to hear that the Doctors Success was equal in the other 
Matters, relative to the Indians, Or that there was a greater hope 
of the Establishm*. of an Episcopate, tho' I fear this must be 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. ; in Guy Johnson's hand- 

584 Sir William Johnson Papers 

reserved for better times, if we are like to have such ; — The 
Copy of the MemoriaP you were so kind as to send me is very 
agreable & I thank you also for the address to the Episcopalians 
of Virginia, which is a Spirited piece & I wish it success, but I 
fancy those to whom it is addressed are lukewarm Church Men, 
& too fond of Independency to Relish Superiors. — 

The Agreable society of the Gov^ & his Lady pleased me 
Much, the former staid with me about a fortnight, & is a Worthy 
Gentleman of much Candor & Affability; we Visited the 
Mohocks together and attended Divine service there, with which 
he seemed much pleased ; — The Murder of the Missisagas by 
the Trader would have proved of imediate 111 Consequence, but 
for my Interposition, It is not however yet forgotten, but it was 
not likely to have produced the Attack on my house which I 
hear was propagated; I am nevertheless much Obliged to you 
for The Concern it gave you whilst the Report prevailed. 

I have been obliged to lock my door against some Indians 
who wait to Speak with me, till I Write these few Lines, so that 
I can only add at present that I am with true Esteem & Hearty 
Wishes for your Happiness, 

D-^ S^ 
Col: Claus is in Canada, 
S"" John & Col. Johnson desire 
to be most kindly remembered. 

P. S. The Rev^. M^ Mosely an Eng^^^. Gent", who 
was formerly a Chaplain in the fleet & since at a 
Mission at Pomfret, has been recommended to me 
& agreed with to Supply Johnstown, you will oblige 
me by Communicating this to D"" Auchmuty, with 
my Compliments, to prevent sending any other up. 

The Rev^. Mr Inglis 

INDORSED: Aug* 27*^ 1772 

To the Rev^. M^ Inglis 

^ See Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:1091^1117; Q, 4:661-75. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 585 


Sjj^ New York 2"' Sep*- 1772 

According to your desire to our Ja*. Long when at the Hall, 
we send you 8 Q^ Casks of Lisbon Wine per Cap". Peter 
Vanbergen, which we have been very perticular in the Choice of, 
& make not the least doubt they will give Satisfaction, y^ Com- 
pliments to M^ John Long were delivered, which makes him 
very happy, that you are pleased to remember him, & in return 
he request [s] us to present you with his best respects, having 
not to add but that at all times we shall be happy in receiving 
the Honour of y^ Commands when you may depend, they shall 
be observed with the greatest Punctuality & Dispatch being very 
Respectfully g-^. 

Your most Obed*. & Hum'^. 

Shaw. &. Long 
The Hon'« Sir W"^. Johnson Bart 

Johnsons Hall 


The Hon^^ Sir William Johnson 

Johnson Hall 
INDORSED:' 7K 2< 1772 

Shaw & Longs Letter 
w*"^ an Ace". 
Ans-^d. and Paid by Bill 
on M^ Barrow — 
Albany Sept^. 9, 1772. 
Rec"^. & forwarded by Sir 
Your very hb'^ Ser'. 
David Edgan 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

586 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Johnson Hall Sepf. 2< 1772 
[Completed Sept 16th] 
[Dear Sir] 

Two days since Messengers arrived here from Onondaga to 
Acquaint me that the Deputies of the Six Nations are returned, 
and to Report that after having in vain waited a Considerable 
time for the Wawiaghtonos, Kickapous &ca to meet at the place 
appointed and at length hearing that these Nations would not 
see them on account of the Conduct of the Six Nations & 
Cherokees towards them last Spring they (the Deputies) were 
constrained to leave their Belts & Embassy in the hands of the 
Shawanese, who on their parts assured them that every thing 
thereby directed should be faithfully related to those Nations 
and that they should have due intelhgence thereof: — I have 
also received a Letter from M^ M*^ Kee the Agent who is Just 
returned to Fort Pitt and reports that the Six Nations & 
Cherokees having killed 6 of these South". Ind"\ last Spring 
was the reason they would not attend; That the Chief of the 
Shawanese with a few more were going as they gave out to one 
of the Nations at the Misisipi to find out by whom a large black 
belt they had received was sent, but It is conjectured that his 
errand is to New Orleans for some bad purpose: what Creates 
more Suspicion is that as Soon as the Six Nation Deputies left 
Scioto on their return home, a Friendly Hunt was proposed by 
the rest to be held this Autumn at the falls of Ohio, which being 
agreed to. Runners were dispatched to the Cherokees & Wabash 
Indians to Invite them and that [ Several Parties were already 
set out upon the]' hunt. I find Likewise from one of the 
[Deputies who has been] with me, that there appeared a Good 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

^ Missing words supplied from the original letter in William L. Clements 
Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Post-War Period, J 763-1 774 587 

deal of [Disingenuity in the] Conduct of the Indians at Scioto, 
and that they [cut out Httle] Embassys for the 6 Nation 
Deputies during whose absence they held private Consultations, 
which the Deputies since discovered. 

Sept. 16^^. — I had wrote thus far when a Severe return of my 
[Disorder] attacked me with much Violence, and Since partly 
thro a desire to receive farther particulars as well as from the 
Hurry occasioned by the Arrival of a good deal of Company, I 
postponed my Letter. 

I am since assured by the Indians that 1 3 belts in consequence 
of those delivered to the Shawnaese have been given to the 
Hurons of Detroit &ca who have spoke to the Ottawas, 
Powtewatamies & Chipeweighs thereon, expressing their purport 
to see that the Peace should be general, with threats against 
those who sho^. attempt to disturb the public Tranquillity; and 
for the final determination of all these matters, desiring that 
Deputys from these Nations sho"^. go to the Meeting to the 
Southward by the Time the Corn began to ripen, and by Advices 
I have Just rec^. from M^ Maisonville I find that they have sent 
from Ouiatonon to Riviere a L'anguille, Coeur de Cerf, Ver- 
million, Riv«. aux Iroquois, Porte Vincent, S' Joseph &ca, to 
Consult all these People & Call them together thereon, so that 
we must Wait the result of that Meeting for more particular 
Information. But My opinion (which is partly founded on 
what the [Six Nation Deputies] suggest) is that the Majority 
of these Nations Mean only a General peace amongst themselves 
& a strict Union which cannot bode any [good] to us: I have 
Just been favored with your Letter of the [7^^. Ins', and can 
say little on the Affair of M^ S'. Luc but that I dont think any 
Argument drawn from] his fidelity to his former Sovereign will 
[amount to a proof] of his Attachment to a Government which 
even [ObHgations] may not render so agreeable as that under 
which he was bred. [I wish] I could find out the real purport of 
the Belt, which would determine the Matter — And if the Belt 
itself was sent to me I might possibly be able to trace it out — 

588 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I am Sensible of the Expence & Difficulty attending the keeping 
up a Post at the Ilinois, at the same time I wish that Some of 
our Enemies may Not be more at Liberty on the removal of the 
Troops, but this is a private Thought which I must beg your 
indulgence of. — I shall take care to put these Matters on the 
best footing I can by representing it to the Indians in such a 
Light as may appear favorable to us — 

I am much obliged by your reception of what I mentioned 
concerning Cap*. Stephenson, whose Case as Stated to me 
appeared sufficient to Justify the Liberty I took. As nothing 
offers in your power in the way he wished, I am at a loss what 
farther to say about it, because there is nothing in my way to 
offer him that would Amount to an Equivalent for his Com- 
mission — Your Consideration of Cap* M*= Leods circumstances 
is very humane; & I shall let him know it; he is a Worthy Man, 
who stands in Need of Assistance, & would doubtless meet with 
yours if in your power at present. 

His Excell^y 

Lieut Gen*- Gage 

indorsed : 

Septr. 2d. 1 772 — 

To his Excelly Lieut General Gage. 

[ ] 

London 2^ Sept 1772 
Foregoing is a Copy of my last^ since which am without any 
of your agreeable Letters — Lord Hillsborough has resign'd & 
Lord Dartmouth succeeds Him — this affair of the Grant" makes 
some noise & will be the occasion of no small Bustle in ParHa- 
ment. I can easily forsee that Opposition will take it up with a 

^ Blackburn's letter to Johnson, August 8, 1 772. 
^ The Walpole Grant. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 589 

very high Hand & endeavour to paint the Proprietors, consisting 
of Many Noble Lords & all the Secretaries in office, in Colours 
of no agreeable Hue — the Grant in my opinion will pass & I 
hope prove of mutual Benefit to America & this Country — 

The appearance of War was great in Your Post, owing to 
the Hostile preparations — I conjecture there was some design 
against St Croix which expedition would certainly have taken 
place if Denmark had not acceeded to our Measures. I often 
wish for the Honor of corresponding with You upon the Subject 
of Business & hope You will shortly favor me with that oppor- 
tunity — I beg my best Respects to Sir John & am 


Your much obliged & very 

Humble Servant 

John Blackburn 

London [ ] 1 772 

M^ Blackburns letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 509, is entered a letter of September 2d 
from Dartmouth, at Whitehall,^ declaring his Majesty's purpose that a 
settlement shall be made on the lands purchased of the Six Nations in 
1 768 (printed in Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. 7., 8:31 1 ). 


Kinderhook 2^ September 1772 

I have long since flattered myself with hopes that I should not 
have had any occasion to have given you fresh trouble upon the 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Hillsborough was succeeded on August 4th by Dartmouth, "a man 
superior both in talent and in temper," Lord Mahon writes. 
' In New York Historical Society, New York City. 

590 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Subject of our Militia AfFairs. — But it Seems that the opponants 
to the interest of this Township are so fertile in their invention 
that as soon as one difficulty is removed an other is started — I 
realy thought that the merits of the Several Petitions presented 
to Government had been So well considered and digested that 
Slight Suggestions (of those who had so manifestedly abused 
favours of Government) would have had no weight. — There 
has I am told, while the Governor was at Albany, a Petition 
been presented to him from several of our People expressing 
their Disapprobation of the present division Lines of the Dis- 
tricts — As you Sir have been pleased to adopt measures with a 
view to give Satisfaction to the Majority of the People; I now 
repeat that Your recommendations in favour of the present 
establishment have had that effect and have so still, Col'. Vos- 
burgh and four or five others of this Township, Men who have 
the Welfare of the Place at heart will pay their Respects to you 
Sir and I trust will intirely Satisfy You of the Propriety of what 
has been recommended to your patronage. When that is done 
I flatter myself with the continuance of your Obliging 
Countenance and protection of measures in this quarter that have 
a Tendency to give Security and Satisfaction to the People in 

I am with very Great Respect 

Your Most Obedient 

and Most Obliged Servant 

CoRNELis Van Schaack 


Kinderhook 2< 7^^. 1 772 

Co'. Vanschaacks letter 
^ Sundry Persons — 

In Johnson's hand. 

. Post-War Period, 1763-1774 591 

HUGH Wallace's account 

D. S. 

[ ] Sir W"* Johnson by Cor'* Van Sanford to 

[the Care] of Jn° Monier Esq-^ [Albany] Viz^ 

[ ] heads of N York Rum Conts. 235 
Gall* @ 2/6 £29. . 7. . 6 

[ ] of Glass II by 9 (a) 76/.... 15.. 4.. - 

[ ] 12by 10 @ 95/.... 2.. 7.. 6 

[ ] 9by7 @ 66/ 3.. 6.. - 

4 Kegs White Lead Ground in Oyle weigh'd ) 

2<=.0.24'b a 74/8 ^6 \ 

20 Gall* Oyle a 6/6 & Cask 6. . 14. . 6 

2 Gudgeons, weigh'd 1 ^ . . 2 . .14'^. .a 28/ ... 2 . . 5 . . 6 

1 Cask Nails w^ 342'b a 8d. . . 11 . . 8. . - 

Carting to the Sloop 0.. 8.. — 

^. .2.. 121b Whiting & Cask ; 1.. 2.. 6 


£80.. 8. .10 

Errors Excepted New York 3 Sep^ 1 772 — 

Hugh Wallace 

7K 3d. 1 772 — 

Hugh Wallace Esq". Ace*. 


A. L. S. 

New York 4^K Sepr. 1772 

Inclosed is the Acco*. of the severall things you ordered Amo* 
to £80.. 8.. 10 

In Johnson's hand. 

592 Sir William Johnson Papers 

You desire a Cask of Flooring Nails but dont write what 
Size, & there are different Sizes — so please lett me know the 
Size you want, that they may be sent — I send by the Bearer 
M' Ramadge The Deed for the 1 000 Acres of Land at Adigo. 
it ought to have been sent long ago, hope youU excuse its being 
delayed, I realy had forgot it 
Nothing new here of any Sort 

I am D Sir 
Y^ Obliged & Obed' Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir Will Johnson Bar* 

Johnson Hall. 


A. L. S.i 

New york SepK 7^K 1772 
Dear Sir, 

Since your Favor of the 7'^: \JV^°: I have received a Letter 
from Mons': de s*: Luc inclosing one to him from Cap': Turn- 
bull on the Subject of the Belt. He is high on these Matters, 
and nettled that Cap': Turnbull should give Ear to Storys of 
the kind Says he was faithfull to his former Sovereign and owes 
the same Fidelity to his present sovereign; from whom, and the 
British Nation he has received Obligations and the best usages. 
There was certainly a Belt as the Indian declares, given by him. 
It is to be asked what was the Meaning of said Belt? and on 
what account was it given? 

Cap': Stephenson delivered me your Letter of the 12'^: 
relative to his Affairs, to which I wish I could give him an 
Answer equal to his wishes. He is a very good Man and I 
believe would do very well at any of the Posts; but it's out of 
my Power to give him, and much less to promise him the Con- 

In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 593 

tinuance of any Employment that he requires to enable him to 
live after selling his Commission. The Care of Fort Stanwix 
is at an End, and that of Fort Ontario will probably last but a 
short time longer. I have had a Letter from Cap*: M^:Leod 
on the subject of assissting him which I should willingly have 
done, and had it been in my Power, should have done it prior 
to Cap*: Stephenson's Application, and indeed I fear he stands 
most in need of Assisstance. I have neglected answering his 
Letter in the hopes some small Matter might offer to his 
advantage, but in truth I see now little likelihood of it. 

Fort Chartres is razed,^ and a Detachment pf Fifty men left 
at Kaskaskies" where an unlucky Quarrell happened with our 
Friends the Chickesaws. They were riotous in a Traders store 
seizing and demolishing what they could lay their hands upon, 
and a Party from the guard turned them out, and staid to Guard 
the store. The Indians, all Chikesaws, assembled to the Number 
of Fifteen, and fired into the Windows for some time and at 
length killed a Servant, when the Soldiers returned the Fire, 
killed two and wounded three. 

I am to acquaint you that Fort Pitt is now ordered to be 
abandoned, and the Troops Artillery and stores brought down 
to Philadelphia. It may be proper to inform the Indians of such 
an Event, on which account, I mention it to you. I have directed 
the Commanding officer to make an offer to M"": Croghan of 
living in some of the Buildings, which may be of use to him. 

I hope the Messengers sent to Sioto have brought such 
Tidings as will be agreeable to you and the Confederacy. 

The Indians about Detroit and Niagara shew a good deal of 
Resentment at the Murders committed by Ramsay. Major 
Etherington informs me he is a Prisoner at Montreal, but proper 
Evidences may be wanted to condemn him. I am trying all I 
can to get Evidence, for if what is related concerning his Cruelty 

^ Destroyed by orders from General Gage, because the ravages of the 
Mississippi river threatened its security. 
^ Where Fort Gage was situated. 

594 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

is true no wretch ever more deserved the Gallows. I am with 
great Regard. 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 
S": Wm: Johnson Bar*: 

INDORSED : 7^^ 7^. 1 772 — 

Genr'. Gages letter 

Johnson's order to messrs Wallace 

A. Df. 
[Johnson Hall Sepir //"' 1772] 

sent to M« Wallace [ 

2 pipes of Maderia Wine 

2 D°. of best Teneriff [ 

1 D°. of best Lisbon 

1 D°. of red Port 

2 Hogs'^^ of Jaimaca Rum 

2 D**. Common Rum 

8» Tea 4 ^ 

6*^. Shusong Tea 

6tt best green D°. 30* 1^ 

5 O. Loaf Sugar 

3 barrels Muscavado Sugar 

4 Boxes Candles 

20 Bushels of Sah 

1 4^. pepper & Alspice 

1*^- Cinnamon, 1^. Nutmegs, Cloves & Mace. 
Raisins of the Sun 










• [ 



















Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 595 

28". Coffe;— & 50» Chacolite 14. . 5. .— 

2 Barrels Vinegar 
10 Barrels best Scyder 

6 Barrels of Lispenards Beer 3 at 30* & 3 at 40* ^ — 


List of Stores Sent for 
7br 11th. 1772 — 

A. L. S. 

[Rhinebeck at the Hook Sepf 14^^ JJJZ] 

[ ] 

I Have [ ] Martin Huffman [ ] 

There is No Commanding [ ] North Batalion of 

S^. Cou[nty except Peteros] Tenbrook Who Now holds the 
[office of] Leftenont Coll°. it Seams Des[irable] The inhaba- 
tons of Said County [ ] Should have the Command 

in Ch[ ] Coll Your Honor Will Te[ak this] in to 

Considoration and apynt S[ome] Man that would Be more 
agreabal For that Important office as he seams to be Disagreabal 

Sir/ I Expect your Voyce with his Exelancey — Will 
Carrey the poynt — There is a Young Gentelman Son of the 
Deceased Coll Martin Huffman: Which is Liked by Everry 
one all most in said County Which is thout to be a Verry Pitt 
man Viz M"^ Antoney Huffman Esq^ 

Sir/ Excuse My Boldness to write to Your Honor upon this 
ocasion — But it Seams that Sum peopple is Striving to Git the 
Commison for Ten brook — which is Disagreabal to the North 
part of the County in General — Sir Excuse heast 

Your assured Prind 

James Smith 
To the write Honorabal SiR 
William Jonson Baronete 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

596 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Sir William Jonson 


Dutchess County 7^'. 1 4'^^. 1 772 

M^ James Smiths letter 


A. L. S. 
[New York Septr. I&h JJJZ] 

I ] 


from you for some [ 

had deliverd you the Deeds [ 
Lands, & that you got the L[ 
by Lansing — Some days ago [ 
this on a Visitt to you, some Gent [ 
from S°. Carolina — One of them M"" David Deas is particu- 
larly recomended to me & is a very w^orthy honest Man. I 
intended to have wrote you by him, but he vs^ent off in a hurry. 
I am sure he vv^ill Meet your usuall Hospitality & Civility, so 
my Letter w^ill be no Loss to him — 

Being at Our Governor's two days ago, a Letter was 
brought him by M"" Wickham the Lawyer, who said he did 
not know the Contents, but was desired to deliver it — 
I got sight of it, & found it from one Westbrook, that lives 
at Minisink — proposing to bring down the Delaware 
Indians to wait on the Governor, who he says went to see him 
I [ ] which [ ] 

[ ]him to write to M^ [ ] 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 597 

[ ] that he would see no Indian [ ] 

[ ] from them, by thro you — & that [ ] 

[ ] must apply to you, as he could not [ ] 

or hear them — this I thought was the best way to answer such 
a Letter. I hope it will be agreable to you. I thought proper 
to mention this Matter to you, youll make the proper use of it, 
without mentioning my Name — I send this day a Box of Fish 
to Albany for you it came from Boston, from M"" Winthorp of 
Cape Ann, a Son of Mr Jn°. S. Winthorp of New London. 
No News here of any Sort, the Packett, & Severall London 
Ships are hourly expected — M'^^ Wallace Joyns me in best 
respects to you & Family 

I am with great regard 

Y'^ obliged & obed* Servt 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir Will Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall 



Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall 


A. L. S. 

New York SepK 22^. 1772 
[ ] 

[ ^] 

distressed naturally [ ] 

humane, the Marine Society of [ ] 

ed for that Important purpose cannot [ ] 

Lines burned ofF. 

598 Sir William Johnson Papers 

forget such a Character as Sir WilHam Johnson [ ] 

soHciting the Patronage of a Gentleman, who has long [been an] 
ornament to this Country, and more than once, under the [ ] 

of Providence, its Defender. It is from Persons thus [ ] 

and distinguished that benevolent Institutions, in all Times [ ] 
have received effectual Support; and such Persons are they who 
most frequently enjoy the sublime Pleasure, which is reflected 
from that bestowed on another. To increase their own Con- 
sideration, and to have an Opportunity of expressing their 
respectful Sentiments of you. Sir, the Marine Society, at their 
last Meeting unanimously elected you a Member of their Corpo- 
ration, and they have now to Request you will be pleased to 
Approve of their having done themselves this Honour, by 
accepting the Testimonial of your Election, and a Copy of their 

By Order of the Committee 

Anthony Griffiths Secr^. 



The Hon'''^: Sir WilHam Johnson Bart 

N. York 7^^. 22'K 1 772 

Letter from a Committee 
of the Marine Society — 


A. L. S. 

[New York Septr. 23< 1772] 

I ] 

[ '] 

have the sundry Articles [ ] 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 599 

Sent up, & you may depend [ 
all of the best kind & bought [ 

I am pleased to hear such [ 
of the regularity of your Courts, [ 
Verplank are returned, they express [ 
gratitude for your Civility to them — 

I hope the Nails sent up will answer, they are exactly such 
as you now describe. We have severall London ships arrived, 
& Letters to 27*^^ July — little News — 

Our Governer has been ill some days its ended in a fitt of the 
Gout, which hope will sett all right. There are no Servants 
arrived here yet, but some expected. I have wrote to Philad*. 
& shall get you a Gardner if possible. Exchange on London 
72|/2 pCt. I think it may be 75 before the End of Octo^ after 
that its likely to be less. 

We have had verry wett stormey Weather for some days past. 
Its now a little better. I am glad to find Sir John [ ] 

I '] 

Y'. most obed Serv* 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir W^^ Johnson Bar*. 


D. 5.2 

Account of the Pay of Sir William Johnson Bar', and the 
Officers under him, in the Indian Department, for the Northern 
District of North America for half a Year from 25'^ : March to 
24*^: Sepf: 1772 

To my own Salary to the 25'^: Sepf: 

1772 £857: 2: 10? 

^ Lines burned off. 

2 In British Museum. Additional Manuscripts 21670. fo. 36, 
London, England. 

600 Sir William Johnson Papers 

To my Four Deputy's to said Time 685 : 14: — 

To M"". Maisonville at Oubache 50: — : — 

To a Surgeon for said time & Clerk £ 50 : 

each 100: — : — 

To store keeper £20 & store House Rent. 45: — : — 

To 3 Interpreters for the different Lan- 
guages 1 39 : 5 : 7 

To 2 Smiths & Assistants &c* : 171: 8: 6 








INDORSED: General Charge 

of Sir William Johnsons 
Department for half a year — 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 510, is listed a letter of September 27th 
from Dartmouth at Whitehall, declaring the necessity of Ramsay's con- 
viction for the murder of Indians and of a judge's charge suited to that 
end (printed in Doc. Ret. to Col Hist. N. F., 8:31 1-12). 


[New York Sepf. 29^K 1772] 
[ ] 

[ ] apply [ ] 

any usefull body of [ ] 

Corporation for relief of Seamen [ ] 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period. 1763-1774 601 

to forward you the Inclosed [ J 

Box with your Freedom of s^ Corpo [ration ] 

This is a begging Business youll soon see — I know you have 
enough of that kind of Business on hand, but realy this deserves 
Encouragement — it has mett a great deal from all Ranks of 
People here — 

Nothing New — Our Governor has been [ver] y ill, with a 
bilous Fever, is better & [ ] turned to a Gout — he will 

be obliged to take great Care of his Constitution, for its very 
delicate — its said he was in great danger — He is now so well, 
as to give notice to the Council to meet him tomorrow. 

Your Sundry Stores are getting ready, I send this by Mr 
Van Eps, who vsdll deliver it safely — M". Wallace's Com- 
plim** attend you always — 

I am 

Y"". most obed Serv' 

Hugh Wallace 

Sir Will Johnson Bar*. 



Sir Wiliam Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hall 
^ M^ Van Eps, with a small Box 


New York 7br. 29'K 1 772 — 

M^ Wallaces letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, page 510, is listed a letter written October 2, 
1772, at Johnson Hall to Rev. Dr Daniel Burton, secretary to the 

In Johnson's hand. 

602 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Society for propagating the Gospel, informing that Johnson has accepted 
Rev. Richard Mosely for the Johnstown mission and mentioning the 
incumbents and condition of the Enghsh churches at Schenectady, Albany, 
the Mohawks and the Conajoharees. (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
4:481-82; Q, 4:299) 


A. L. S. 

[New York October 2"^. 1772] 

[ ] 

[ 1 

[ ] to trouble y[ou ] that arrived 

yesterday bring [ing ] 

Inclosed is the Acco' of [ ] agreable to your 

Order Amo^ £ [ ] There is no Red port to be 

got here [at] this time, if any comes shall secure some for you — 
The Syder is not yet made, nor fitt to be bought for [at least] a 
Month — & M"" Leispinard Says [he] will have the Beer ready 
to go along vv^ith the Syder, at present he says he has none brewed 
that he would recommend to you. We hope all the things will 
please you, we have taken all possible care in the Choice of them, 
& bought them on the lowest terms. We are respectfully 


Y'. most obed Serv** 

Hugh & Alex Wallace 

[Sir Will] Johnson Bar' 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 



A. D. S. 

] Vinegar 

] loaf Sugar 70 Loaves wi 8 . . . . [ 

1..0..17[ ] 

7..0.. 3is7[ ] 

[ ] Contg. 2 1 Bushells Salt @ 2/6 

Casks Packing &Ca @ 5/ 1 . . 1 

Cask Raisins of the Sun 

Boxes Sf>ermaCite Candles 

401/2— 1014 
41 —101/2 

401/2—1 1 
39 — 914 

161 —41 
4 1 tare 

120tt @ 2/8 £16—..— 



@ 2/6 0..10 

[ ] Barrs. Muscovada 

Sugar wt 8s . 1 . 2 7n Gross 

2.25tt tare 

7.3.2 nt. 
3 Barrells for do. . . . 

@ 58s/. .£22.10.6 
.. 2/.. 0. 6.- 

1 Bagg Coffee wt. 28lt @ 1 s/4d & Bag 9d. 

6 tt Green Tea 24/ Canisters 6/ . 

6 tt Souchong do 14/.. do . . 6/ . 

28 tt Bohea Tea 4/3.. .bag. .1/ 

50 tt Chocolate 1/5. .Box. .1/6 

7 tt Pepper 2/6 

1 tt Nutmegs 1 5s/ 1 tt Cinnamon 26/ 

1/2 n Cloves 9/ Vz tt Mace 14/6—7 tt Alspice 7/. . 

Barrell for the above 

Paid Carting the whole 



















Lines burned off. 


Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

Errors Excepted N York 2d Ocr. 1 772 
[ ] Mark'd 

Hugh & Alexr Wallace 



The Hon'''* 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 



^ Skipper 

Wendell ( Johnson Hall 

Rec^. in good Order — 

Van Eps — 

One Hogshead Loa[ 
Four Pii>es Wine 
Four Hogsheads Rum 
Two Barrels Vinegar 
Six Barrels Salt 
One Cask Raisons 
Four Boxes Sperm [ 
Three Barrels B [ 
One Box Chocolate 
And One [ 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 








] Blaag 

] Inst, f avo'r Robt. Adams 

] on us 5 do. Dan Claus 

] do. on us 9 do. Tho*. Crothers. . . . 
] do. on us 16 do. Henry Ten Eycke . 

To] your do. on us 12 do. Dan. Claus 

To amot. of Sundries sent you ^ Skiper Swits by 

yr order 

To your Bill on us 18 June favor Hugh Gaine . . . 

To your do. on us 11 do ... . Dan. Claus 

To your do. on us 1 May . . . Dan. Campbell .... 
To your do. on us 12 June . . Sir Jno. Johnson . . . 
To your do. on us 8 Ins*. . . . Wm Mc Adam .... 

£100 @ 4s/8d 

To your do, on us 1 do. . . . Rob*. Adams 

To your do. on us — 25 June . D. Steel 

To your do. on us 8 Ins* .... Ditto 

To your do. on us 1 3 do ... . Phyn & Ellice 

To your do. on us 6 do Ph. Van Rensler. . , 

To amot. of 20 barrs. Pork sent you ^ Skiper 
Herm*. Ten Eycke, by your order 

To your Bill on us 3d. July favr. Carpr. Wharton 
for £14 Philada. Curry. . .@ 6 ? pO 

To your do. on us 4 Inst. favr. Jas. Bennett 

To amot. of 6 Qr Casks Lisbon Wine sent by 
Jacb. Lansing 

To Cash sent you this day by Jacob Lansing .... 

amount Carried over £ 

Lines burned off. 

























[ ] 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

By ditto do 

Amount carried over £ 




Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 


[ ] favr. Dan Claus 

[ ] 28 Augt Jno, Van Eps. , , . 

Sundries sent you this day ^ Skiper Heny. 
Wendell by your order & accot. sent 





^ Lines burned off. 


Sir William Johnson Papers 



Excepted New York 7th. Octr. 1772 
Hugh & Alex Wallace 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 609 

A. L. S. 

[New York Ocf 7'^ 1772] 

[ ] 

I hope you [ ] 

this gets to hand, [ ] 

You — All your Order is [ ] 

the Beer & Cyder, & they shall [ ] 

soon as they can be got ready — 

Inclosed is the present State of Your Acco' ballance due us 
£ 440 . . 2 . . [ ] which fancy youll find right & hope it will 
prove agreable to you — 

I have yours 30 Sep^ by the post & shall observe your Orders 
therein. I hope to get you a Gardner, there is no Irish Servants 
yet arrived at Philad^. but some soon expected — The Vessell 
arrived there with Germans, are verry sickley & not allowed to 
come up to Town yet — I shall look out for a Shoemaker 
Servant & get one if any such to be had — Our Governor is 
got quite well again — I suppose you will hear no more of 
Westbrooke, & y^. Delaware Indians — The Governor has 
wrote Westbrooke, that the Indians are to apply to you 
only, as no other person has [ ] 

[ ■] 

[ ] some time again [ ] 

[ ] be so troublesome to you, in [ ] 

[ ] & recomanding People going up [ ] 

[ ] Country, but all must go & see you [ ] 

they press so for an Introduction that its hardly possible to refuse 
them — 

I shall put the Governor in mind of the Fairs & Marketts at 

^ Lines burned off. 

610 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Colours for the Albany Snow shall be sent first Sloop 
after they are made 

All well & no News here I am 

Y^ obliged & obed Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 
Stormy, rainey Weather 

Sir W"^ Johnson Bar* 



Sir William Johnson, Baronet 
at Johnson Hall 


[ ] 

[ ] letter with 

My Acc». 
[ ] £440.. 2.. 4 


7'K Ocioh'. n72\' 

[ ] 

[ •] 

one Thomas Argin [ ] 

Goods &ca to M^ Thomas Argin [ ] 

some pork, pepper & Indigo, last year [ ] 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Listed under Nov, 7 in Johnson Calendar. 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 61 1 

now Run away. So that I must Shure [ ] 

that he is Guilty, The informers was [ ] 

Battoe, with him one Dinnes Obryant & [ ] 

Andie, who both had Lodged half a Year or m[ore] with 
Argin, and when he begone to push them for his own, they 
begone to Tell of him, now a full Year after the fact, they are 
both here So that I Expect your Honour's Advice about how 
to Act, Argin's Goods, Wife & Daughter, is [ ] in the 

House, where I have yesterdy taking an Inventory of all 
they have, he also the Same Year carryed up Goods for M^ 
Adems, and M^ Stell. Dinnes Obriant says that Argin Stole 
half a Dozn of Kreem coller'd Tea cups & Sausers of M"". 
Stell — 

I hope M"". Fonda has sent in the last goods which I have 
sent to him the 26'^^. of Octob^ Viz. 1 Iron bound Hogshead, 
2 barls Salt, 2 D°. of Sugar, 2 Boxes & a New bagg with 1 
Skippel of Tabel Salt wanting 3 Quarts which I had sent before 

The bearror will Deliver you the last Years & this Years 
Receits — 

[ •] 

[ ] Down to Albany [ ] 

has no black wampon [ ] Neither; So M^ Cart- 

whrite wrote to Esq"". Wallace by him to gitt four pound [for] 
him in New York, and am Honourd 

Sir Your most Obed'. 

and Verry Humb'. Serv*. 

J NO. B. Van Eps 



The Honourab'. 

Sir William Johnson Bar', 
Johnson hall 

^ Lines burned off. 

612 Sir William Johnson Papers 


] 1772 

] Eps letter ab'. 
] who stole some 
] of Mine &ca last 
] nor run away. 


A. L. S. 

Schonectadij [Octbr 10^^ 1772] 

[ 1 

I was Yesterday Informd by { ] 

Attorney at Law that he was order'd by Mess"^* [Douw & 
Winne] to Sue me for A Fissing nett I Bought from them 
[ ] Year Ago ; the nett Proved Verry Bad — I have 

Your letter [ ] me of the 7*K July 1771 Whare 

in You mention if they v/ood not [ ] Reasonable to 

Imploy a Lawyer I have told them from time to time if they 
would Debate there Price I wood pay them As the Nett had 
Prove"^ Rotten & Coud not Bare drav/ing through the Water 
they Ought to take less then the Price of £ 1 5 And Even 
Show'^ them Your letter, still they insist on their own Price. I 
told M^ Yates he might Sue me Emiatly as I was Determent 
to [standi Trial I then told him the Matter I had Bought the 
Nett & that I Look on them both to be Verry Bad men to 
impose on me & You as I told them I was no Judge of netts 
& You Being not Present M^ Yates told me he wood be oblidge 
in A Verry few days to Sue me, if I did not pay the Cash I 
told him it wood be no favor taken by me if he waite*^ one day 
longer then he was at first Inten"^. But as I am A Person that 
does not like to have Dispute with no men But if I think how 
dangers^ it is to have the least Conection with Your Religious 
Sort of People Wood Pick a mens Pocket if they Possible 

In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 613 

Coud I shall Ace*, just as You will Please*^ to Direct & shall 
be Glad to hear from You by Your Next Post or sonner if 
Posiple — 

I Remain Your Sincer Well Wischer & ob"^ Serv* 

Henry Glen 
To Sir W". Johnson Bar' 



Sir William Johnson Bar', 

Johnson Hall 

[ ] 1772 

[ ]ns letter 

[A]ns>^< y^ lO'h. Ins'. 


[New York Octr. 12^K 1772] 

I have received your Letter concerning [ ] 

of the Inhabitants of the North of Ireland, and the [ ] 

to be derived from affording them encouragement [ ] 

both to themselves & the Landholders, all which you have 
very rationally described. — 

It is with concern that I have heard of the difficulties under 
which they labour at present, which I think merit Consideration, 
tho' I know not how far a Settlement on my Lands might con- 
tribute to their Service or ansv/er their Desires, for as the whole 
of my posessions in these parts, are both with respect to 
situation and quality very valuable, they are [of late] applied 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

614 Sir William Johnson Papers 

for so fast, and of late Settling in Leases for 2 or 3 lives, That 
I have no longer occasion to be at any trouble or Expence for 
their Settlement; These Terms might not be deemed agreable 
to them from the Ideas People are apt to form in Europe of 
this Country, Tho' you may perceive it vv^ould be very injurious 
to my interest to offer any others under the Circumstances I have 
described. But If these are agreable I shall most Willingly 
accommodate as many of my Countrymen as I can; or serve 
yourself in any thing that may be reasonable upon the 
occasion. — 

I am, Sir, Your most humble Serv'. 
John Hill Esq'. 


Oct'. 12'h. 1772 — 

To John Hill Esq^ 
Hanover Prec*. Ulster County, 
concerning the Settlem' of People from 
the North of Ireland. 


Johnson hall October I2^K 1772.— 
Dear Sir, 

I beg you will not attribute your Letter of February last 
remaining till now^ unanswered to any willfull Neglect, as it was 
intirely occasioned by the very uncommon hurry of business wch 
Succeeded the rect of it ; the Gov^ with a Number of Gentlemen 
hav8 passed some time here with a large body of Indians [con- 
cerning the Sale of Lands] from whom Lands were purchased, 
this was [succeeded] followed by the Establishment of Courts 

^ In American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. ; in handwriting 
of Guy Johnson. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 615 

of Justice in this New County, & the latter by a very severe 
Indisposition from which I am but newly recovered. — 

I shall imediately order the £50. ster rec^. from you by 
Lieut Roberts to be paid you by/ 

and at the same time must return you thanks for your kindness in 
Assisting him with it on a Supposition that he had a right to 
make use of my Credit for Money which however is not the 
Case a Circumstance I ought to acquaint you with to prevent 
his future applications, as I have already done as much as I 
could for the Gentleman, whom I took the Liberty of intro- 
ducing as he much wished it on account of some Affairs of his 
own which he wanted to apply for in England 

Be assured. Sir, it will always yield me pleasure to be of any 
Service to you or your family in any thing in my power & to 
testify that I am with great Esteem 

Dear Sir, 
Your most Obliged 

& most humble Servt. 

At your Leisure it would oblige me to know 
whether the Letters Patent which I owe so 
much to your Sollicitation & friendship, 
were Recorded in England, or not. — 

The Hofible Tho^. Penn Esqr. 


[Johnson Hall Octh^. 14'K 1772] 
[Dear Sir/]^ 

[I have now with Kayashota A Seneca of] Ohio who is 
come from thence by [way of Philadelphia, He is a great] 

^ Blank space in the draft. 
^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 

^ This and other bracketed sections have been supplied from the original 
letter in William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

616 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Chief of much Capacity and vast Influence [amongst all the 
Nations,] part of his Journey is placed to the account of a 
[Visit, but I find] that he proposes to meet the Chiefs of the 
Six Nations who sent me Word that they are coming [on 
business] down in conseq [uence of] the late Gen^ meets at Onon- 
daga to Communicate all their Intelligence & Con [f err on the] 
Affairs of the South", and Western Ind^ on which occasion I 
hope to make a proper use of Kay [yashota.] Just now I 
received a Letter from M^ Wetherhead & Subpoena for the 
Trial on the 26^*^ Ins* of the Suit comenced by Rob*. Henry 
of Albany for the Seizure of Rum at Michilimackinac when L*. 
Roberts was Commissy. — On this Subject I formerly wrote you 
representing the hardship it was upon Roberts, who acted therein 
agreable to his duty the Rum having been carried out of the 
Fort in the Night contrary to the Regulations which at that time 
confined the Trade to the Posts, as the Passes themselves Con- 
fined the Traders to the Regulations. — These Regulations were 
at that time pleaded for in the Strongest terms by the Majority 
of the Traders, the fatal consequences of the Sale of Rum 
beyond the Posts being generally, & ams* others M"" Cadot & 
one of the Henrys at that time wrote to me on the Subject; But, 
the occasion of my troubling you at present thereon, is, that 
M"" Wetherhead who innocently at M^ Robert's request became 
his bail, represents in the Strongest terms the danger he is exposed 
to from the Construction & Effect of the Common Law that he 
will be brought in for the Whole, a Circumstance that will prob- 
ably be the Case, If as he says that "M^ W"^. Smith will dispute 
my Existence as an Officer of the Crown & all Officers appointed, 
or Orders Given by you or myself as meer Nullities" &c. I 
must confess that I shan't be surprised at [any Endeavors to 
lessen the Authority of the Crown, or its' Officers 'tho in a 
Matter for the generall benifit of the Public, & far without the 
limits of any Province, where no other Authority could 
operate, so that I know not what to do in the Matter. — Major 
Roiers 'tho Suposed to have connived at the Sending out] 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 617 

the Rum ordered the Seizure, & [disputed with] Roberts 
about the Appropriation of it as will appear [from] the 
Papers I now send M^ Wetherhead, and Indeed the 
Comissary could do nothing of that kind without the aid of the 
Comds Officers, by Virtue of the orders they had, and my 
Orders v/ere general to the Comissary to endeavor to prevent 
the Contraband Trade, or any other abuses Committed therein, 
all which depended on the Assistance of the ^Comds Officer. 
M^ Roberts is already much in my debt, without which it w^. 
be very unreasonable that I should be at any Expence on an 
affair then universally admitted & practiced, but M"^ Wether- 
heads Case is really a peculiar hardship & therefore I am per- 
suaded that Justice to the intentions of Government, & humanity 
for an innocent Sufferer will dispose you to give him such 
Countenance as your Superior Station, & authority is alone 
capable of affording, & I trust that the peculiar Circumstances 
of the Case will plead my Apology for requesting it. 

It is necessary I should acquaint you that since the promul- 
gation of your Advertisement in 1 769 directing that all persons 
who were employed in transports of Troops, Provisions or 
Waggoners Batteaumen &ca should in future be paid by their 
Employers, I have regularly conformed thereto, but I find that 
antecedent thereto in 1768 the Certificates, which (as then 
usual) I gave to Persons so employed were not paid by the Qr 
M"^ General, and the People being denyed payment are of late 
daily urging me thereon, I must therefore beg the favor of 
your directions in that matter, or of your Orders thereon, as it 
is both a hardship to the People, and creates me some Concern 
& Trouble — 

As I shall have the pleasure of writing you soon on the 
Subject of the Indian Congress I have only to add at present 
that I am with sincere regard 

D^ S-^ &c 

His Excel^y Gen^ Gage. 

618 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Ocu. 14'h. 1772.— 

To His Excel^y. Gen'. Gage 
Chiefly concerns, the Suit comenced 
ag'. Lieut. Roberts. — &^ the 
Q^ M^ Gen' refusing to pay 
sundry Ace'*, of Batteauing &ca 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 511, is entered under date of October 
15th, New York, this paper: credentials of David Jones, who wishes 
to be a missionary west of the Ohio (copy) ; signed "Abel Morgan 
Moderator" and "James Manning Clerk," for the Philadelphia associa- 
tion, representing 40 churches in Pennsylvania, Maryland, East and West 
New Jerseys and New York (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:482-84; 
Q. 4:300) 



[New York Octbr- 2h^ 1772] 
I ] 


[ ] late proceedings of the [ 

John Griffiths of Kings [ 

I presume to acquaint yo"" hon', That David [Jones 
out of a hearty desire to spread the gospel, and use his [ 
in converting to Christianity the various Tribes of Indians [ 
on the Western side of the River Ohio. He left his family 
[ 1 Spring, and w^ithout any assistance or contribution 

from [ ] undertook the journey unto, and remained 

amongst those tribes [ ] or four months — By Col' 

Croghan's advice, he took with him a [ ] Interpretor, 

to whom he paid Five Pounds ^ month out of his own purss: 

^ In Johnson's hand from this point. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Postwar Period, 1763-1774 619 

AH the gratification he hath yet enjoyed for so expensive, 
[ ]some, and hazardus, an undertaking, was, his being 

kindly received, civilly treated, constantly and devoutely 
attended in general at Public Worship. From this pleasing 
begining, and hopes of further success, he promised them to 
return to them this fall, and employ the ensuing Winter amongst 
them to endeavor to promote their the best interest, the good of 
their Souls. 

From the kind & polite reception he met with at Fort Pitt 
from CoP Croghan & Capt" M'^ Gee he continued and officiated 
there two Sundays, he then stood in great need of some Rations, 
which the Comodants humanity & regard prompted him to 
supply, but he could not consistant with his express orders to 
remidy this in future. 

Last week when M"^ David Jones was here I introduced him 
at Gen' Gages & Fort George in this City, before he set out 
for his parish. And yesterday I waited on the General to opeu 
a way for occasional supply of Rations for M"" Jones. His 
excel^^y (to whom as well as to Gov"^ Tryon, I have the hon' 
to be personally known) Assured me that he would with great 
pleasure have given such instructions, but that the Fort Pitt was 
evacuated and abandoned by the Troops, but that he expected 
you will instruct Your Agent there, consequently you are the 
only resorse to apply unto. 

[ 1 

[ ] trader [ ] 

[ ] David Jones, stands [ ] 

[ ] Then Your distinguished merit for [ ] 

[ ] of Great Brittain, and your unwearied endeavors [ ] 

[ ] good will to the native Indians, Will ! Doth ! prompt 

[ ] every Christian to believe, you not only desire the 

[ ] of the Indians, but that you will patronise and readily 

[ ] and supply poor Missionaries in such persuits. Con- 
fident [of] M"^ Jones's sincerity, and integrity to merrit your 

^ Line burned off. 

620 Sir William Johnson Papers 

favor & [ ] permitt me first, to crave your Name & 

Seal to recommend [ ] Secondly, that you will releive 

him from a burden his circum [stances] cannot well provide for, 
viz the payment of his Interpreter f[or the] few months he 
wants him. Thirdly, the necessary directions [to] your Agents, 
to supply him with the necessary Rations he may stand in need 
of, between this, and May next. More [I] dare not crave 
herein, but leave your hon"" to Sucgest others for him. Yet in 
my own name I have to request the favor [of] any Instructions 
or Comands you shall honor said David Jones with or any 
Pacquet designed for him. Your Hon"" will order forwarded to 
Fort Pitt to the care of your Agent where [M"^] Jones will 
expect some intelligence. He will think himself honored to 
receive your Commands to attend at Johnson Hall in his return, 
and to give you a personal account of his success in the way of 
his Function. 

He is a man of letters, good Sence, & discretion, but not 
[ ] Politision, however, as the Indians, receive his Dis- 

courses with reverence, he by degrees may gain their esteem, 
and an assenden[cy] over them, which he will redily imploy, 
with every laudable [ ] That Your Hon"" shall prescribe 

to him, towards, cultiva[ting ]ening, or improving. 

The Amity & Friendship necessary betsveen the Brittish Subjects 
& Those tribes. 

[ •] 


The Rt Honble Sir W-" Johnson Kn* & bar' 


There is listed in the Johnson Calendar, p. 511, General Gage's war- 
rant. New York City, October 26, 1 772, to Thomas Barrow for pay- 
ment of £4803, 1 3s, 2d to Sir William Johnson. Destroyed by fire. 

^ Lines burned off. 

From a painting by 

Copley, owned by 
New York City 




Post-War Period, 1763-1774 621 


A. L. S. 

[New York October 27, 1772] 

[ ] 

I now sit down to acknowledge the Favour [ ] 

returned an Answer to the several Letters I had [ ] 

not been delayed so long; if I had not daily expected D'^. 
Cooper [ ] hoped to receive some satisfactory Intelli- 

gence concerning [ ] which I believe You have much at 


Cooper is at last arrived, to my great Joy, & has [ ] 

the heavy Charge of the College which I had during his [ ] 

I could give You such an Account of the Memorial^ as I believe 
[ ] pleasing to You, It was presented to Lord Hillsborough ; 
[ ] the plan, acknowledged the Propriety & Expediency 

of do [ ] towards Civilising & Converting the Indians — 

but, as we [ ]ected the Difficulty of procuring 

Money to carry the Measure [ EJxecution. D^ Cooper 

repeatedly urged the Subject of the Memor[ial ] his 

Lordship; & he, L^. Hillsborough, always gave such Attention 
[to] it, that D^ Cooper imagined he would exert himself in 
the Affair, [ ] continued in the Ministry. But I sup- 

pose You have by this Time heard of his Resignation, & that 
Lord Dartmouth succeeds him in the American Department. 
This I fear will prove an unfavourable Circumstance to the 
Design, & gives me much Uneasiness. 

You [ ] 

f . . ^1 

[ ] Memorial. This however [ ] , who 

(between us) I fear had [ ] that minute Atten- 

tion to the Affairs of the [ ] him to give up the Secre- 

tary's Office, & will be [ ] with whom I am not 


^ Memorial of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. 
^ Lines burned off. 

622 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] make Mention of the Memorial in their Abstracts 

[ ] — one of which I herewith send You. In the 

Sermon [ ] Expediency of attempting something more 

than has [ ] Converting the Indians, urged & largely 

dwelt on — [ ] Circumstances & Arguments taken 

from the Memorial. [ ] pretty plain that the Society 

intend to move in the Mat[ter ] firms me more in this 

Opinion is, that in a Letter [ recei]ved from the very 

worthy & learned Bishop of Oxford, D"". [Lowth he] signifies 
his Approbation of the Memorial in the strongest Terms, & 
[expres]ses the highest Sense of the Necessity of the Scheme's 
taking Place [ ]ing also that Government may attend to 

it in the Manner its importance requires. 

You are the best Judge, whether any Thing further can, or 
ought [to] be done in this Business on this Side of the 
Atlantic — or of the Propriety of saying any Thing about it 
to L^. Dartmouth, who is a religious man, & bears an excellent 
Character in other Respects — of Course [ ] may be 

supposed favourably disposed to promote such a Measure 

[ /] 

[ ] & I do so in these particulars [ ] Nothing 

has been yet determined in Eng[ ] our Bishops; tho all, 

from the highest to the [ ] sending us Bishops. There 

are many Circum [stances ] that important Measures, & 

I am not out of Hopes [ ]leives in America. Things 

are taking a very favo[ ]us in Virginia also. Some of the 

Protesters are asham[ed of their cond]uct, & have signed a 
Petition for Bishops; & it is expected that on second & better 
Thoughts, will rescind their Vote of Thanks to the [ ] 

against petitioning for Bishops, & declare themselves for the 
[ ] ure, 

I should be glad to know whether John Odescrundy will 
[cons]nt to let his Son come & be educated here for the 
Ministry. I am [una]ble of myself to bear the whole of 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 623 

the Expence. But I am persuaded [ ] Society 

will contribute towards it, & I have Friends who will do the 
same. In short if he will let him come, I will engage to have 
him Educated provided the Society will patronize the affair. 
You are the best Judge of the Manner how to propose this 
[ ] John, & what Time would be the fittest to send 

the Boy here, in Case his Father should consent. 

It gives me great pleasure to hear that M^ Mosely is [ ] 

Your Church. I saw him at Fairfield last Summer, & from that 
short [ ] 

[ 1 

[ ] Clergyman. [ ] been indisposed 

since his [ ] , & is now gone to Philadelphia. 

[GJentlemen who were lately at Your House [ ] 

your old Complaint. Before now I hope You [ ] 

affords no News at present. Every Thing is [ ] Militia, 

which is constantly exercising, & makes [ ] ble Appear- 

ance. From the parade & Military [ pr]evailing 

among us, a Person would be apt to imagine [ e]xpected 

an Attack from some Enemy. The Cause of L'^. [Hills- 
boroujgh's Resignation was his Disapprobation of the Grant^ 
for [ ] a New Government on the Ohio. He was 

greatly averse to this [ ] it was carried against him. 

I hear we are to be favoured with Sir John's Company this 
[win]ter. Please to present my best Compliments to him, to 
Colonels Johnson & Clause, & to M^ Mosely. 

Sincerely wishing You Health & Happiness, I am with perfect 

Worthy Sir, 

Your very affectionate & humble Serv' 

Charles Inglis 
To Sir W^. Johnson 

'^ Lines burned off. 
^ The Walpole Grant. 

624 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[New York October 27. 1772] 

[ M 

[ ] above, [ ] as the Bearor [ ], 

beg Leave to enlarge a little more. 

I am really anxious that something should [ ] 

poor Indians. Every Motive of Humanity & Religion [ ] . 

These Motives have taken full possession of my th [oughts] 
[ ] earthly Wish nearer it than that some Effort were 

made [ ] Direction to bring those benighted Heathens 

to the Ligh[t ]anity. 

I always was, & still am, of Opinion that if this is ever to be 
[ ] it must be by your Interposition. Providence points 

You out, [ ] many Respects, for this Purpose. I have 

not a Doubt but the [ ] will concur & exert themselves 

on the Occasion. 

Altho I am sorry for L''. Hillsborough's Resignation yet it 
may turn out for the Benefit of this Scheme. L*^. Dartmouth is 
one of the most religious Men in England, His Piety & 
Character are universally known & acknowledged. You may 
judge of them in some Measure from this Circumstance, which 
may be depended upon as true — That he frequently visits his 
poor Tenants & Neighbours in the Country, when sick, prays 
with them himself as a Clergyman, & gives them Money. A 
Man of this Turn must [ ] 

[ '] 

[ ] adviseable to [ ] 

If you approve of this, & -wiW mention [it to his Lords] hip I 
will have a fair Copy transcribed for [ ] if You 

think it adviseable, I will write to his Lord [ship] & urge it on 
religious Principles, which I am [ ] have Weight 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 625 

with him — full as much, if not more, [ ] Political, 

which yet are very strong & conclusive. 

As to my Godson, I should be extremely glad if he could be 
[ ]ed for the Ministry. It might be of infinite Service. 

If his Father [ ] consent to send him here, I shall charge 

myself with the Superintendency of his Education, & other Mat- 
ters whilst here; & I will pay as much Attention to him as if he 
were my own Son. Nothing would induce me to undertake 
this Charge, but a Sense of the [ ]ility it may prove to 

be of hereafter in a Scheme which I have [ ] at Heart, 

& frequently employs my Thoughts. I should be glad of your 
Opinion what age would be the fittest to send him down, in 
Case his Father consents to it. I should imagine that the sooner 
the better, before he has imbibed too much of the Spirit, & 
contracts too strong a Relish for the Manners, of the Indians. 
Would it be proper for me to write to John Odescrundy on this 

Yours most affectionately 

C. Inglis. 

To the Hon^'^ SiR W. JOHNSON. 

A. L. S. 

[New York Odb'- 28"' 1772] 

[ ] 

[ '] 

your Letter to the [ ] greatly obliged to you — 

[ ] Directions in regard to Kayastoto [ ] 

Indian Chief you mention — The Colours for the Albany Snow 
were sent up last Week — so hope they are safe & in time. 

I shall order some Potatoes for you from Ireland against 
Spring. If I have any for myself you shall have some, 

I am glad to find Sir John is to be with us soon. Our 
Governor is gone on a Tour of Pleasure to Philad^. will be home 

^ Lines burned off. 

626 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in 12 or 14 days. We have severall counterfeit Dollars here, 
& I see no remedy but being carefull who we take them from, 
they are easily discoverd, & if the Persons who attempt 
passing them are taken up, & put into Prison, that will be 
punishment sufficient to deterr them, tho Indian Evidence wont 
hang them, unless the Indian is a Christian. 

I send this by M"" John Cunningham of Hallifax, who goes 
to you about some Indian [ ] 

[ 1 

[ ]klin&M'- [ ] of [ ] 

Letters for you — [ ] 

Your Beer & Syder shall be [ ] ready & sent up 

as soon as we can get it — & I have sent to Philad^. for the 
Servants — A Gardner & Shoemaker for you & hope to have 
both here soon 

M". Wallace & I are sincerely Y"^ humble Serv*^ 

D-^ Sir 

believe me 

Y^ obliged & obed Serv' 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bar' 
Johnson Hall 



Sir Will Johnson Bar*. 

at Johnson Hall 
near Albany 


Octb^ 28'h. 1 772 — 

M^ Wallaces letter 
^ M^ Cunning [h] am 
Ans"-^. — 

^ Lines burned off. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posl-War Period, 1763-1774 627 


Albany 31 Oct'. 1772 

I 1 

According to your Orders [ 
as Cabbin Passengers on board Herma [ 
I Shall pay at his return, they left y[ 
I follow'd the Sloop four miles & Delivered it [ 
The Chief was unEasie that no glass wampum [ 
had. I wrote a line to M"" Wallace desiring him to get four 
pounds weight, and Could not Satisfie him any other way hope 
you'l approve of my doing so I have taken the Liberty to inclose 
my Acco'. and have put a receipt on it if Convenient I should 
be glad of An order for it, as Cash is much wanted at this 
Season No Oysters yet Shall Send you Some of the first Pray 
Excuse haste 

I am with Sincere Respect 

Hon^. Sir 

Your most Obed' hum' Serv'. 

Rich. Cartwright 
The Hon S"^ W^ Johnson 



The Hon'. Sir William Johnson Bar^ 
Johnson hall 


Octr. 3^^ 1772 — 

M^ Cartwrights letter 
&ca — 

In Johnson's hand. 

628 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A. L. S. 

[New York Novr 3< 1772] 

According to what I am told has been the custom of my 
predecessors, I send you enclos'd a Warrant on me from General 
Gage in Your favour, with three Receipts of the same tenor & 
date for your signing & indorsing. I have the honor to be 


Your most Obedient 
& most humble Servant 

Tho. Barrow 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 


N York 3d. Novb^ 1 772 

Th*. Barrow Esq", letter 
w*. a Warrant & Receipts 
to be Signed for y^. last 
Half Years Expences — 


A. L. 5. 

[New York Novr. 3^. 1772] 

The Bearer Donald Eraser is discharged agreable to your 
Desire, & I paid Twenty Guineas £37 for a Man to go in his 
Room Inclosed is His Discharge 

I am Sir 

Your most obed Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 629 

Sir William Johnson Bar*. 
Johnson Hall — 


Novb--. 3d. 1 772 - 

Hugh Wallace Esq'^^ 

Letter w'^. Inclosures. 

A. L. S. 

[Bumetsfield Nov''. 3< 1772] 

[ ] 

I intended to [ ] 

beg your Countenance [ ] my [ ] 

also to Know if M"^ John Thompson, of [ ] 

I coud have your Honour's approbation [ ] 

two men with some dry goods to trade amongst the Indians this 
Fall & Winter, which hope You'll not deny us, as there 
are two New England Men, encouraged by M^ Kirkland, who 
are trying to Monopolize the Trade both here & above ; I learned 
from M^ Cunningham that you had wrote him respecting build- 
ing a House on Your Rights near this place, therefore will be 
glad to serve you with what Nails will be wanted & that at 
1/ ^ lb which I believe is the price in y^ Neighbourhood, & 
farther hope you will let me Serve You with any Orders which 
you'll have Occasion to draw on this part of the Country & you 
may depend on my Assiduity in Completing them & on the best 
Terms. I shoud have waited on y^ Honor in person but find 
I cannot without great prejudice to my Business here — I have 
the pleasure to inform your Honour that this place thus far 
answers my Expectations & that I am with the greatest Respect 

Y^ Honours 

Most Obed'. & very Humble Serv*. 

EdW: Wall 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

630 Sir William Johnson Papers 



The Honourable 
Sir William Johnson Baronet 
Johnson Hall 


[Nov^ 3]d. 1772 — 

[M^] Wall's letter 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 511, are listed two letters to the Earl of 
Dartmouth: one of the 3d of November in which Johnson engages to 
transmit all information concerning his department and the welfare of the 
colonies (printed in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:313-14); and 
one of the 4th, mentioning the Scioto congress, killing of Indians by 
Ramsay, Johnson's attempts through the Six Nations to control western 
nations and obtain bad belts circulated among them, his representations to 
the Six Nations on the Fort Stanwix cession, and the need of a govern- 
ment on the Ohio to restrain the lawlessness of settlers (printed in Doc. 
Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 8:313-14). 


A. L. 

[November 3, 1772] 

f ] 

I wrote you [ ] 

by Eraser the discharge [ ] 

I paid 20 Guineas equall [ ] 

paid the Marine Society £50 as you [ ] 
for which they are extreamly thankful. 

We have put on board Cap*. Marsails in M^ Adams's Care 
for your use 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1 763-1 774 631 

3 Barr'. Strong Beer at 40/ £6. . — . .— 

3 Barr>. Ale (a) 30/ 4..10..— 

6 Barrells at 4/6 1 . . 7. . — 

10 Barrells Newark Syder at 14/ 7: — . . — 

Carting ale to the Sloop 0: 3: — 

£19.. — ..— 

hope all will get us safe & please you 

No Acco* of the Ohio Indian Chief as yet — when he comes 
he shall be sent forward as you desire. 

M'' Banyar tells me the Pattent for Lieu* Roberts's Lands, 
was sent you some time ago by M"^ Adams, and that you have 
already paid the Fees of it 

Our Governor is not yet returned but is verry well at Philad*. 
I fancy he will be here in 8 or 10 days. 

The General Assembly I fancy is not to meet untill after the 
Holy Days.^ 

[New York Nov\ 6'\ 1772] 

[ 1 

[ ] day he went, and this day [ ] 

[ ] agreeable to your desire we have paid his 

Interpreter diet & Lodging here & their Passage to Philad*. 
amounting to £3,4.11, also for 4 pounds of Black Glass 
Wampum £ . 1 6s . Od in the whole £ 4 . Os . 1 1 d this money, 
the wampum M^ Carthwright of albany wrote us to purchase 
for him & to Charge you with the Cost I am with much respect 

Your most obed*. Serv*. 
Alexander Wallace 

^ The letter to this point is in the hand of Hugh Wallace. The remain- 
ing section is in that of Alexander Wallace. 
^ Lines burned off. 

632 Sir William Johnson Papers 


Novb. 3d. 1 772 — 

Hugh Wallace Esq", letter 

w«K an Ace', of £19. . 

& 4.. — ..11 

£23.. — ..11 


A. L. S. 

Albany 7 NoV. 1772 

[ ] 

duly to [ 

I have paid the Post the fifteen [ 
Am Extreamly Obliged to You for [ 
This Week we have had two Oyster boats [ 
The Oysters are bad Sort, none but blue point ones or Should 
have Sent and these Boats tell me one Benson is in the River 
and has a large Quantity for you & family but he is not Arived. 
I bespoke waggons to take them up the moment he Comes & 
Expected him long Since I am extreamly Sorry I did not Send 
Some of these here but they are Really very bad and I 
momently expect good ones and am very truly 

Hon^. Sir 

Your most Obed* hum' 

R. Cartwright 
The Hon'^. S^ W^ Johnson 

addressed : 

The Hon'^. Sir William Johnson Barr' 
Johnson Hall 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 633 


[ ] 7^ 1772 

[ Cart] rights letter 

[ Jledging y^. Receipt 

[ ] of his Ace*. — 


A. L. S.2 

[London, Nov. 7, 1772] 

I did myself the Honour of addressing [ ] 

last since which I am without any of Your [ ] 

trouble You with any remarks or information [about ] 

as You must receive more authentick acco'* [from M"" Wharton.] 
I am very sorry to find my Name included [among those who 
opposed] the Grant, it was never my Intent to [stand forth in 
that Publick] Character — unfortunately I was ask'd my 
opinion upon [the] Subject by the two Boards & I could not 
withold it but as an Honest Man said that I considered such a 
Settlement contrary to the Policy of this Kingdom & no way 
instrumental to the Advantage of America — considering we 
had no many intermediate hands unsettled — If I Err'd it was 
for want of better information — I don't know if some 
malevolent person may not inform You of my taking an Active 
part in this affair but it was not the Case — as I never officiously 
went upon the Business — nor [ ] at all untill I was twice 

Summoned — I account it no Fault in any Gentleman's differing 
in opinion with me but I should blame any one who is Call'd 
upon to give His opinion upon a National Point, Either to deny 
or Evade it — 

Lord Dartmouth seems a very candid & discerning Nobleman 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

^ Words in bracketed sections are supplied from a copy of the letter 
inclosed in Blackburn's letter to Johnson, Dec. 2, 1772. 

634 Sir William Johnson Papers 

& I flatter myself will acquit Himself to the Mutual Satisfaction 
of this Country & America — I was told the other day that the 
Tea duty would be repeald — I hope it will be so settled as 
to remove every Cause of Uneasiness as to the Principle — this 
will be the means of reconcihng all Bickerings & Complaints & 
tend to reconcile the affections & Interests of both Countrys 
[it] is a Maxim I have laid down, that we are one people & 
he who attempts to separate our Interests is an Enemy to both 
f Countrys I ] 

[ ] 

[ ] Your District, but flatter myself 

[ ] all will be made easy & happy — 

[ ]of this Quarter of the World, must 

[ ] dread — there is no Power in Europe 

[ ] preparing for War — Yet if my presage 

[ ] as Minister — this Country will 

[not engage in any War,] but stand forth as a Mediator for 
[all — our Navy is in the most ready condition for a War our 
Army well Accruted — & our Finances in good Condition ; 
thus prepared, we bid defiance to other powers & thereby secure 
a Peace — I wish any Information I may communicate is but 
pleasing to You, as it will ever afford me a particular pleasure 
in testifying to You how much I am 

Sir William Johnsons 

Much obliged & most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

John Blackburn 

from thomas gage 

A. L. S.i 

New York Nov: 8^: 1772, 
Dear Sir, 

I have delayed Answering your Letter of the 1 4'^ : of October 
till the Tryal in which M"": Weatherhead was concerned on 

In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Posi-War Period 1763-1774 635 

Account of M"^: Roberts was decided; in which M': Roberts 
has been cast, for want, as M"^ Weatherhead tells me, of your 
Appearance, or some Person from you who could Swear to the 
Instructions you gave M*^: Roberts. But I do not find upon 
Enquiry that the Court took instructions, or the Propriety or 
Legality of them, much into Consideration, tho' the Judges spoke 
very properly and Sensibly upon the Necessity of Order and 
Regulations in those distant Posts, where there was no Civil 
Indicature; and that they should have the Force of Laws. It 
was proved under M"": Robert's hand, that he gave Orders for 
seizing the Rum, that it was taken out of the Store it was first 
lodged in and put into his Store, and that he delivered to the 
amount of Eighty Gallons of it to the Indians, and Nobody 
knows what became of the rest. No Instruction Appeared 
whereby M"": Roberts was authorized to act as he did. I paid 
him as much as in Conscience I could before he left this, and on 
his Arrival in London he petitioned the Treasury who Sent his 
Account to me; and with it I received a Letter from him to 
certify, what I would not certify for any Man on Earth. It's 
said he Set up his Equipage; and that he is now in the King's 
Bench. I realy do not know what to do in the affair. The 
Crown cannot be answerable for every officer who exceeds his 
Powers and is guilty of illegal Action, but if you can certify 
by Memorial that M*^: Roberts acted in this Business in Con- 
sequence of, and agreeably to your orders and instructions, some- 
thing may possibly be done in it. As it Appears that the Indians 
received great part of the Rum it's possible they received the 
rest and therefore to be paid for if M"": Roberts has not already 
charged it in his Accounts, but the Crown cannot be charged 
twice for the Same Articles. 

You mention Certificates in 1767 and 8 which the Quarter 
Master General has not discharged. I do not know on what 
Accounts they were given, but the Quarter Master General had 
not any Business in those years with any Transportations which 
did not belong to the Troops ; either the carrying Provisions and 


Sir William Johnson Papers 

Stores to the Forts, or the Marching of Regiments and 
Detachments. If they are on the Business of your Depart- 
ment he had nothing to do with them Colonel Bradstreets 
Accounts in those years have been discharged long ago. 

A Warrant has been granted for the Account you transmitted 
from 24*^: March to 24*^: September I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 

Your Most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

Tho^ Gage 
Sr. '\^m. Johnson, Bar'. 


New York Nov^ 8'K 1 772 

From Lieut. Gen^ Gage 
concerning L'. Robertss Suit. 


In the Johnson Calendar, p. 512, is listed a letter of November 12th 
from Rev. Harry Munro, Albany, on improvements made in an Albany 
church, the growth of St Peters, fund for clergymen's w^idov/s and Dr 
Burton's resignation as secretary of the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 4:484-85; Q, 4:301). 





[Johnstown Nov. /2"'. 1772] 

When did you fix the [ ] 

I believe Fryday or Sat[urday] 

What did you first do 

I took the Dementions of the Platform of the 

Back [ ] 

What were those Dementions 
Length 8 foot 2 inches Long Breadth ab*. 14 

^ Lines burned off. 

Posi-lVar Period, 1763-1774 











5 What was the Dementions on the Right hand 
8 foot 7 inches long, 6 foot 4 inches Broad 

6 The Dementions on the Left 
8 foot Long 3 foot 2 Wide 

7 What sort of Timbers did you use in the Celler 
and where did you get them. 
They were two pieces of Bass Wood and one 
piece of Hemlock which I Suppose was 
intended for M'^ Davis Stables 

8 Do you Suppose that you used any of the 
Pieces of Timber about the Celler Platform 
that belonged to the Church 
I Did not 

9 Did you see any Pieces of Slabbs or Boards 
lay in the outside of the Celler 

I think I saw Several 

10 What Sort of Boards did you use about the 
They were Chiefly Slabbs & Split Boards very 

bad some I Cut to 8 foot 2 inches and many to 
shorter lengths 

1 1 Do you Know where the Boards Came from 
I do not 

1 2 What do you think those Boards were worth 
I know of nothing they were v/orth Except 
Some Such use as they were put to or for a 
Baker to heat an Oven with 

[ ] I Ever did 

Johnstown November 12'^ 1772 The [ ]fore named 

Alexander Dunbar was Sworn he [ ] truth of the 

Answers he has Given to the foregoing Fourteen Questions 
Before me 

Jos Chew Justice 







^ Lines burned off. 

638 Sir William Johnson Papers 


[Johnson Hall Nov. I8^K 1772] 
TotheH[ ] 

[I have been favored with your letter of the 7'*^ Uh°., and 8'^. 
of this Ins*., and am now to acquaint You with the result of the 
Congress lately held here. — ^] 

The first thing Intro [duced by the Six Nations was a particular] 
Account of the proceedings of their Deputies [at Sioto] 
They Say that as the Ouabache Ind^ &ca did not [attend 'tho] 
waited for a Considerable time, & as their Negligence [was] 
attributed to their having lost some People in a Skirmish [with] 
a party of 6 Nations & Cherokees last Spring. The [Deputies] 
laid their Belts &c before those who attended charging them 
Severely with their past Conduct & directing them to Communi- 
cate the Whole to the Absent Tribes which they faithfully 
promised to perform. The Deputies also demanded those mis- 
chievous belts so often Spoken of & particularly those said to 
have been Sent from Agaustarax the Seneca Chief, on which all 
the neighbouring Nations collected & delivered up sev'. to the 
Deputies, but those from Agaustarax were not in the number 
having been Stopped in their progress by the Cherokees, however 
the Depy*. received Assurances that they should be Collected & 
that all the Chiefs present as well as those of the Absent Tribes 
would bring them to a Gen' Congress at Onondaga, where they 
w*^. ratify all Transactions in the presence of the 6 Nations. 
The Deputies then delivered to me the Bad belts they had 
Collected one of which is as large as any I have ever seen, & 
at the first View convinced me of its being French. It appears 
to have been Sent by Mons"" S'. Ange, to stir them up, & was 
accompanied by a large [black one, or Hatchet Belt with four 
more which came from Missisipi. — The time for these Indians 

^ In handwriting of Guy Johnson. 
^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 639 

attendance at Onondaga according to promise being then expired, 
I spoke pritty warmly to the Confederacy, advised them not to 
be imposed upon, but to see that these Nations imediately 
attended or that the remaining Belts were delivered into my 
Hands without farther delay, as an Instance of the veracity and 
fidelity of the Six Nations, all which they have promised to pay 
due regard to. — They then complained] much of the abuses in the 
Indian [Trade & the total] want of any regulations; That 
the Traders [now made] it a gen', practice to follow every 
Hunting party [w'^. Cargoes] of Liquor which could not fail 
bringing on the [most fatal] Consequences as they assured me 
it was universally complained of by all the Nations, to this 
I made them the best [answer] in my power considering the 
little prospect there is of any such regulations. 

Just before the departure of the Indians, I rec^ Letters from 
Lord Dartmouth, one of which contained the King's Order in 
Council, with his Majestys Commands that [I should] signify 
his Intentions to the 6 Nations on the Ohio or [Government,] 
which I took that opportunity of doing in the best manner I 
could & received a very Satisfactory Answer. Your own 
observations on that Subject in your Letter of the 7"^ Ult° are so 
Judicious, & in general so agreable to Mine, that I cannot help 
Expressing my Satisfaction at our accordation of Sentiments on 
that and many other Subjects. The truth is the 6 Nations never 
acknowledged themselves our Subjects according to the natural 
Sense of the Word; the Treaty s often [quoted] on these 
occasions according to the intentions of the Indians [only] put 
themselves & Certain parts of their possessions under our pro- 
tection, to prevent our people from settling thereon without 
[their] consent; so that however the contrary has appeared [in 
Manifesto's our Right depends on purchase. The Question then 
is, whether they have a right to Sell those Lands, on which You 
have expressed y^. General Ideas of the Indians very Justly, 
however with regard to the lands on Ohio, this much must be 
said that long before any public declaration of our Claims of 
Territory from Their Subjection, these Lands were considered 

640 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as the property of the Six Nations, who had conquered all, and 
actually extirpated Several of the Tribes there, placing the 
Shawanese Delawares fic"^*. on bare Toleration in their Stead, 
as sort of Frontier Dependants, the worst] circumstance is 
that their People have [of late become more] powerfull by 
alliances & the 6 Nations less, so that their [Authority begins to 
be] disputed at a distance, however it may be Expedient [rather 
to] Support their Authority than encourage the Title of [People, 
who] of late form such dangerous Alliances, & again as the 
People [from] the back parts of Pennsylvania & Virginia have 
for some years past been continually going over the Mountains 
& are now as Considerable as they are lawless the Indians 
themselves must in a little time be Sensible that it is better the 
Settlers sinse they are there sho'^. be under some than under no 
Government as at present they can neither be restrained from 
settling or brought to punishment tho' guilty of many irregulari- 
ties towards the Indians as well as others. No less than 500 of 
them having lately come to Bedford with design to carry an 
Election, but if the Powers of the new Government are impotent, 
The Case will not be mended. You have doubtless received 
Major Bassetts ace*, of the Murder of Pond the Trader & his 
Serv*. I am well Assured by a Merch*. at Albany^ that he was 
a Wild quarrelsome Man, & it appears that the Ind^ advised 
him to leave them [when they began to drink] (which the 
Ottawas often do when they begin to drink) Upon the whole I 
believe that Ramsays affair Joined to their own unwillingness 
will prevent them from delivering up the Murderers, or the 
goods which it is not probable were burned, however should 
these persons be delivered up Major Basset is desirous I sh^. acq'- 
him what step he sho^ take with the Indians, on which Subject 
I shall be glad of your Opinion for really all Circumstances 
considered it is a nice affair — 

I guessed that from the gen', sentiments of Juries, the Case 
w'^. go against M^ Roberts, & had anyone from me attended 

^ The manuscript letter reads: "by those who knew him." 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 641 

it w*^. most probably have been the same, and the powers of 
Government farther weakened in the Eyes of the Public. M^ 
Wetherhead thinks that some Satisfaction might be obtained in 
Chancery, if there was a good prospect of this, I think it Should 
be pursued, because Success therein would be of some use to 
Government. — My Orders to M^ Roberts were general to pre- 
vent to the utmost of his power, the carrying out Liquors beyond 
the Post; which, with your kind Assistance & direction as to the 
manner of applying to Government I would readily represent: 
the main part of Roberts' conduct therein being agreable to 
Instruction, & to Sound policy at that Post. — 

I had much conversation with Kayashota & advised him & the 
6 Nations, to withdraw their People from Ohio where they 
engaged in Interests foreign to, & often brought [reflections] on 
the Confederacy, of all which he & they appeared very sensible 

The Certificates I mentioned were to people [employed] in 
carrying up Presents, provisions &c for the Gen'. Treaty at Fort 
Stanwix, some of them were paid by the Q^ Master Gen'. & 
he then promised M"^ Butler to Settle the whole, which he since 
declined doing. [I have paid everry thing of that kind myself 
Since you Issued a Proclamation for that Purpose in February, 
1 769.—] ' 

My Son Sir John going to pass some time in New York will 
have the pleasure of delivering you this, he is accompanied by 
my 2 Granddaughters who are to be sent to the Boarding School. 

[His Excellency] L^ Gen^ GaGE. 


Nov. 18*. 1772 

To Gen'. Gage 

on the Congress with the 

6 Nations &c 

^ This and other burned sections of the draft have been supplied from 
the manuscript letter in William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, 


642 Sir William Johnson Papers 


D. S. 

New York 19^Kl 
November 1772^^ 

Be pleased to pay to M^ Ebenezer Jessup or Order the Sum 
of One hundred and four pounds New York Currency and place 
the same to the Account of 

To Your most 

Sir William Johnson] obed'. humble 

Baronet at Johnson > Servant 

Hall — J Gw Banyar 


[New York Nov. 20>K 1772] 

[ ] 

We have your [ ] 

for £ 800 which is [ ] 

& shall call on Cap* Maturin [ ] 

Acco* with him — We sent a Cask of Nails as you desired by 
Cap*. Sandford we expected that would answer as we then 
wrote you — We now send a Cask of Deck or Flooring Nails 
Cost £ 7 — these are the only Flooring Nails to be got here 
at present — 

Att foot hereof is Acco* of the Sundry Artickles for Cap* 
Tyse Cost £ 1 03 . . 1 9^ . 1 0^ to your Debit also — Vidonia 
Wine is generally very poor & often turns sour, so have sent 
Teneriffe Wine, which is much better, & such as our Taverns 
in the Country sell for Made, here, a. 

Your Letters for London go by the Ship Dutchess of Gordon 
Cap* Wynn. 

The German Gardner I hoped to get at Philad*. would not 
answer, he is there yet sick — I shall have a lookout for ?t 

Posi-lVar Period, 1763-1774 643 

Gardner for you & send him up, & a Shomaker also, if to be 
got — Nothing new here — Our Gov. [ ] 

[ ;i 

[ ] bilious Complaint 

[ ] Kiashota the Shawaneese [ ] 

[ ] while here & his Passage to Philad^. as you desired 

64V IH & for 4 lb Glass Wampum |5 M^ Cartrights Letter 
from Albany given him 16y in all £4. . — ..11 to your Debit 

We are 

Your most Obed' Serv'*. 
Hugh & Alex Wallace 

Cost of Sundries Sent you by Skiper Herm*. 

Ten Eyck for Cap*. Tyse — 

1 Pipe of Madeira Wine £50. . 0. . 

1 ditto — Tenneriffe 23 . . . . 

1 Hogshead Rum Conts. 1 10 Gall* @ 4*75^. 24. . 5. . 10 
1 Cask Loaf Sugar w'. 1 14'^ @ 13^ & Cask 

2/6 6.. 6..— 

Carting the whole to the Sloop 0.. 8.. — 

£103. .19. .10 
The above sent to the Care of 
Jn° Monier Esq^ of Albany 


Sir William Johnson Bar* 

Johnson hall 

I have advised M"^ Van Eps 
of the goods supposed to be 
mentioned for you in this Letter 

^ Lines burned off. 

644 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and who promises to send for 
them when the Roads are better 

Jno Monier 


Novbr 20''^. Novb^ 1 772 

M^ Wallaces letter 
£103. .19. .10 

A. D. S. 

New York Novem' 2/*'. 1772 

Sir Please to pay to Maj"^ Jelles Fonda the above 
Sum of One Hundred & four Pounds, and it will 
Oblige Sir your Most Obliged Humble Serv' 

Eben Jessup 

To the Honourable SiR WiLLIAM JOHNSON ^ 
At Johnson Hall ^ 


[Pittsbu]rg the I 
[26 Nov]r. I772\ 

I '] 

[ ] ison, it was the [ ] 

the Indian Country, in or[der ] 

principal Villages as far as Scioto of it, and [ ] 

return'd from that Service. — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Lines burned off. 


Post-War Period, 1763-1774 645 

I first informed them, That every means [ 
taken to convince them how sincerely we desire [ 
That Friendship between them and us that formerly [ 
subsisted, and that this Fort which had been built [ 
Quarrell between us and the French was to be dest[royed 
which singular Mark of our Sincerity towards them [ 
not fail of exciting their utmost Endeavours to pre [serve 
the Peace and Tranquility of this Country, which also in a 
great measure depended now on their own Good Conduct, as 
well as Good Government of their Foolish Young Men, Who, 
I was sorry to observe to them, had been for several Years past 
very unruly to His Majesty's Subjects, and that now it behooved 
them in a most particular manner to give us every Testimony 
of their future Good Intentions. — 

I found them exceedingly well pleased with the DemoHtion 
of the Fort, and they said, provided it was generally done 
through this Country, and all the Sharp edg'd [ ] 

[ ^] 

[ ] them from do[ ] the same 

was intended [ ] has given them great pleasure 

to hear wh[ ] told them. And that as soon as their 

Hunts were over they woud visit their Brethren at Pittsburg 
[and] testify to them their Satisfaction upon this head & return 
their unfeigned Thanks. — 

A Few days before I left Scioto, Two of the Shawanese 
who went to the Messissipi last Summer after the Congress with 
a large Belt which was produced at that Meeting with several 
others fixed to it and which they all denied knowing the Purport 
of, Return'd with the following Acco": That on their Arrival 
at the Ilinois they mett a Party of the Okawpas (as they call 
them.) The Nation for whom those Belts were intended; That 
upon acquainting them with their Business and shewing this Belt 
which had Figures representing ten nations upon it, who were 
ready to joyn the aforesaid Okawpas in a League of Friendship; 

^ Lines burned off. 

646 Sir William Johnson Papers 

It was agreed upon then. That These Shawanese shou'd proceed 
to the Oussossees and other Nations inhabiting the Missurie who 
it seems were at Variance with this Nation, in order to bring 
about a Pacification between [ 


belts being cut to pieces an[d 

return, and untill they came [ 

They told them, They would treat upon [ 

with them — Most of the Indians of the [ 

Scioto were gone out a Hunting before this [ 

arrived except a few Chiefs, who I found receiv[ed the 

Account with great Dissatisfaction, as well [ 

other Indians I have conversed with since upon [ 

General they shew a Degree of more Chagrin than cou[ld be 

expected woud proceed from the declared Inten[ 

those Belts, At present they breath Nothing but [ 

against the Oussossees — The Spring will however sh[ew the 

Issue of their Determination upon this Head — « 

The Scalps taken from the Piankishaws last Spring by the 
Six Nations & Cherokees have been reveng'd upon some of the 
Delawares hunting below the Falls of the Ohio, A Number of 
that Nation is gone with Intentions of settling there next 
Summer — 

I have the greatest reason to expect a large Body of Indians 
will assemble here early in the Spring, and as this place will be 
so ill provided for their Reception on acco". of Provisions 
&c*. which they wall naturally expect, I have to request 

[ '] 

I ] of the Barracks; [ ] posed 

of a private Sale to the [ ] and another 

Gentlemen to the Great [ ] faction of the Merchants and 

Inhabitants; Many [ ] the late Indian War had their 

Houses pull'd down to [ ] the Fortifications &c*. 

Who thought themselves better lintitjled to any Advantage 

^ Lines burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 647 

arising therefrom than those [ ] angers — However 

They have prayed a Redress from General Gage upon it — I 
have the Honor to be with the Greatest Respect 

Your Honor's 

Most Obedient 

Humble Servant 
Alexander McKee 

The Honorable SiR WiLLIAM JoHNSON Barronet 


Pittsburgh 26 Nov'. 1 772 

Alexd'. M^ Kee Esq". 
Letter — 


[Philadelphia December I, 1772] 

[ ] 

I sometime since took [ ] communicating to thee, 

the Information [ ] relative to Bro^ Samuels 

Negociations, & [ ] I forwarded by Post, a Letter 

to three, which [ ] by Him, & which I hope duly 
came to Hand. 

Notwithstanding [ ] not the Honor of a personal 
Acquaintance with [ ] Yet being Abundantly con- 
vinced of thy Impor[ ] the English Nation, & how 
Superior thy Abilities [ ]ments Are, to that of Any 
Other Man, friend [ ] the Power so long & so 
Justly Exercised by the [ ] Indians, committed by 
Our Sovereign to thy [ ]ship. Yet as I find some of 
those Natives 1 ] Occasion to represent their disatis- 
faction [ ] Another Channell. I have now taken the 
liberty [ ] Inform that, some few days since Arrived 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

648 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in this City from the Westward Jos. Nippee & brought with 
Him a Belt, which He said was for the Quakers this Caused 
a few Persons of that Society to be Called together, when He 
in substance told them, that He [ ] the Shawanese, 

Delawares & Wyandots [ ] Miles to the Westward 

of the Ohio, with [ ] them, & that, He was Commissiond 

by [ ] to let the Quakers know, they had been 

[ cojnsiderable time pass'd, greatly Imposed on 

[ ] Nations, that, they were now determined [no lon]ger 

to be Subject to the Six Nations, & for that [reasjon, they had 
sent Messengers with Belts, to [ ] the Indians who live 

400 Miles Westward of them [ ]ich with them in Oppo- 

sition to the Six Nations, [The]y also declare, that, they are 
dissatisfied with [the co]nduct of Sir WilHam, And that, they 
will have [a repjresentative of the Great King George to 
[resijde Nearer to them & to Obtain this End, they [desjire 
the Quakers will procure for them a Vessell in which Ten of 
their Chiefs may Embark for London in the Spring. Upon 
those Quakers (who met) taking this Matter into their Con- 
sideration, they determined, that. As in its Consequences it May 
Essentially Affect Government, they would not Meddle with 
it, but have laid the whole [ ] What part He may 

have power or [ ] In this Affair I know not, but I 

cannot [ ] that, some Mischief is in hand amongst 

[ ] Wise Interposition May hinder, & th[ ] 

Blood & Expence 

I cannot conceive, h [ ] Pitt been Demolish'd We 

sh*^. have heard [ ] Complaint. 

I told My Father of [ ] of Communicating this 

Matter to thee [ ] Me to Acquaint thee. He had 

the highest respect [ ] for publick Character, & the 

fullest Sence of the [ ] thou has been pleasd to lay 

Us under, & that [ ] wishes for thee every degree of 

Happiness — 

Post'JVar Period, 1763-1774 649 

To which please to [ ] Add, they Are the Senti- 

ments & Desire of 

Thy ObHged Friend 

Tho Wharton 
To Sir William Johnson 


[ ] 1772 

[ ] Wharton's letter 

Wednesday X^^ 1 6*^^. Acquainted 
[Abjraham, Hend''. & Aron 
[ ] Mohawk Chiefs with the 

[Con] tents. 


A. L. S. 

London 2 Decern 1772 

Your very acceptable Letters of the 30 June & 22 Sept came 
to my hands a few days ago enclosing me therein 4 Bills Value 
one hundred & fifty one pounds 14/6 which have met due 
Honour save M"" Guy Johnsons Bill on M'' Sam' Baker for 
£81 . .14. .6 which is now under Notation — as M"" Baker 
refuses to accept the same — He tells me that M"^ Johnson has 
overdrawn Him about £3 & as He declines acting for Him in 
future He will pay no more than the real Balance — when the 
Bill becomes due I will receive from M"^ Baker what He makes 
due to M"^ Johnson & Credit Your Acco* therewith — permitt me 
as M"" Baker refuses to do any more Business for M"^ Guy 
Johnson to offer my Services & I am happy in having that oppor- 
tunity of testifying my Regard — I waited on Lieut'. Roberts in 
prison & there had an opportunity of treating with Him upon 
the Subject of His Lands — He seem'd quite out of [Humour 
& all the answer I could get from him was that he had sent his 
Power of Attorney to Col'. Claus & he might settle with you — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

650 Sir William Johnson Papers 

He talks of Some Promises you made Him in Pay & Such like 
which made me almost out of Humour with] Him — He says 
that M^ [Penn offered him the money without]^ His asking 
for it — He has been [very Imprudent & I am much] afraid that 
is the Cause of His Style of Language — 

I call'd at M"^ Whartons door on [Monday] last but He 
was not at Home with a View to learn when it would be 
necessary to pay Your proportion of the purchase Money — 
I shall pay Your Quota whenever I am Call'd upon & my 
reason for not doing it before I mentiond to You in a former 
Letter — it is now beyond a doubt that the Grant" will pass — 
as to the Mode of Government I do suppose that is not yet 
absolutely Settled — 

Lord Dartmouth is now Seated in His office [& seems] to 
execute it with Satisfaction to every one — His Character 
Stands very fair in the World & I dare say He will acquit Him- 
self with Honor to the Crown & Satisfaction to every one in 
His department — 

We have no News in Town save that the Parliament intend 
to continue the free importation of wheat from America — I 
wish they would make it for 7 Years — pray do me the favor 
to make my Comp'* to Sir John as I have not time to Write 
Him by this pacquet — 

I have the Honor to be 

Your obliged & most obedient 
Humble Servant 

John Blackburn 

^ This and other bracketed sections which were destroyed by fire, have 
been filled in from a partial copy of this letter in the Johnson Papers — 
listed in the Johnson Calendar, p. 513. 

^ The Walpole Grant on the Ohio river. On Aug. 14, 1772 his 
Majesty in Council approved and ordered to be executed the report of the 
committee of the Privy Council in favor of the grant of land to Thomas 
Walpole and his associates, and directed that a new government be 
established thereon. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 651 


S«. W*^. Johnson Bar*, 
at Fort Johnson 
near Albany 
to the Care of Henry White Esq^ 
^ pacquet New York 


London 2d. Decb^ 1 773^ 

M^ Blackburns letter 


A. L. 5. 
, , [New York Dec^ 3^^ ]TJ2\ 


Sir John, who is [ 

Lett me assure you [ 
is nothing in the Power of this [ 
do, that may give Sir John pleasure, or [ 
your Grand Daughters that shall not be done. All your 
Directions & Memorandums shall be attended to with pleasure, 
as Sir John writes you by this Conveyance, I shall not trouble 
you further, than to complain of him for not takeing a Bed 
with us, but I must do him Justice to say, he promises to spend 
most of his leisure Hours with us, & he must & shall keep it. 

Y^ young Lady's seem very happy & I hope their Mothers 
will believe they shall not want for Care & affection from us. 

The Writts are gone up for the Members for Tryon County. 
I hope you will send us good Men, & who will do as your 
Friends will wish — I expect Col°. Butler will be one, & youll 
fix some good Man from the upper part of the County if pos- 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
2 Should read "1772." 
' Lines burned off. 

652 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sible. it will please that part of the County & the German's. 
You know the Members must be Residents in the County's 

[ '] 

I ] M' Barrow^ [ ] 

[ ] Warrant ready [ ] 

[ ] order who to pay it [ ] 

or how you will have it sent up this M"" Barrow told us to day, 
when he paid the Order you gave Sir John 

Inclosed is a Letter for Mr Hill of Philad*. a very particular 
Friend of mine pray peruse it & the little Mapp, & give me some 
answer to send him. I have no thoughts that you v^dll sell the 
peice you got for a Friend, but I fancy he wants some that we 
may spare him & if you got a little Map, well laid down 
describing the bounds of your 1000 Acres & the adjoining 
Lands, we would know how farr we could serve him. pray 
return me the Letter & an answer as soon as your time will 

M'■^ Wallace desires her Compl•^ We have paid her £40 
on your Account which she will lay out for the Young Ladys 
as you desire I am D^ Sir 

Y'. obliged & obed* Serv*. 

Hugh Wallace 
Sir Wm Johnson Bar* 



Sir William Johnson Bar', 
at Johnson Hall 

indorsed:^ '^'y^" ^°""*y 

Decbr. 3d. 1 772 

M"-. Wallaces letter 

ans^< 15*. Cur*. 1772 

^ Lines burned off. 
^ Thomas Barrow. 
^ In Johnson's hand. 

Posi-War Period, 1763-1774 653 


D. 5.1 

I. A. B. do sincerely promise and swear that I will be 
faithful and bear true Allegiance to his Majesty, King George 
the Third so help me God. I. A. B. do swear that I do from 
my Heart abhor, detest, and abjure as impious and Heretical 
that damnable Doctrine and Position, that Princes excommuni- 
cated or deprived by the Power or any other authority of the 
See of Rome, may be deposed & murthered by their Subjects 
or any other whatsoever, and I do declare that no foreign 
Prince, Person, Prelate, State or potentate hath or ought to 
have any Jurisdiction, Power, Superiority, Preeminence or 
Authority, Ecclesiastical or Spiritual within this Realm so help 
me God. I. A. B. do truly and Sincerely Acknowledge, profess. 
Testify and Declare in my Conscience before God and the 
World that our Sovereign Lord King George is Lawful & 
rightful King of this Realm and all other his Majestys Domin- 
ions & Countries thereunto belonging, and I do solemnly and 
sincerely declare that I do believe in my conscience that not 
any of the Decendants of the person who pretended to be Prince 
of Wales during the life Time of the late King James the 
Second and since his decease pretended to be and took upon 
himself the State & Title of King James the Third of England 
or of Scotland by the name of James the Eight or the Stile 
and title of King of Great Britain hath any Right or Title 
whatsoever to the Crown of this Realm or any other the 
Dominions thereunto belonging and I do renounce, refuse & 
abjure any Allegiance or Obediance to any of them and I do 
swear that I will bear faith and true allegiance to his Majesty 
King George and him will defend to the utmost of my Power 
against all Traiterous Conspiracies and Attempts whatsoever 
which shall be made against his Person Crown or Dignity & 

1 Original preserved in Canajoharie, N. Y. Photostat furnished by 
H. V. Bush, Canajoharie, N. Y. 

654 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

Title do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make Known to 
his Majesty and his Successors all Treasons & Traiterous Con- 
spiracies which I shall Know to be against him or any of them 
and I do faithfully promise to the utmost of my power to 
Support maintain and defend the Succession of the Crown 
against the Decendants of the said James & against all other 
Persons whatsoever with succession by an Act entiteled (an Act 
for the further limitation of the Crown and better securing the 
Rights & Liberties of the subjects) is and stand limited to the 
Princess Sophia Electoress and Dutchess, Dowager of Hanover 
and the Heirs of her Body being Protestants and all these 
things I do plainly & Sincerely Acknowledge & Swear accord- 
ing to the express words by me Spoken & according to the plain 
common Sense & understanding of the same Words without any 
Equivocation Evasion or secret Reservation whatsoever and I 
do make this Recognition, Acknowledgement, Abjuration, 
Remuneration & Promise, heartily, wittingly and Truly upon 
the true faith of a Christian so help me God. I. A. B. do 
solemnly & Sincerely in the presence of God profess, testify & 
Declare that I do believe that in the Sacrament of the Lords 
supper there is not any Transubstantiation of the Elements of 
Bread & Wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ or 
after the Consecration thereof by any Persons whatsoever, & 
that the invocation or Adoration of the Virgin Mary or any 
other Saint & the Sacrifices of the Mass as they are now used 
in The Church of Rome, are supersticious and Idolatrous & I 
do solemnly in the Presence of God Profess Testify & Declare 
that I do make this Declaration and every part thereof in the 
plain & ordinary sense of the Words rid unto me as they are 
commonly understood by English Protestants without any 
Evasion, Equivocation or mental Reservation whatsoever & 
without any dispensation already granted me for this purpose 
by the Pope or any other Authority or Person whatsoever or 
without thinking that I can be acquitted before God or Man 
or absolved of this Declaration or any part thereof altho the 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 


Pope or any other Person or Persons or Power whatsoever 
shoud dispence with or annul the same or declare that it was 
Null & Void from the beginning. — 

Werner Deygert 
Harmanes Van Slyck 
John Dielbe 
Henri B Merckel Ju-^ 
Arent Brouwer 
Peter Ehl 
John Eisenlond 
Adam Laucks 
John podey 
Samel petri 
Peder Bellienger 
WiLL'^ Deygert 
George Henrich Ball 
Adam Young 
Fredereck Bellenger 


Adam S Staring' 


NicH^. Herchemer 
Jacob Res Jur 
JoHAN C* Petrie 


John J D DeMuth 

JoHANN Bellinger 
John Brown 
Barent B Wempel 


Samuel Pettingell 
John Dackstetter 

Nelles Vroman 
Frederick Fisher 
Henry Hees 

Abraham D Quackenbush 
Cornelius Smith 
Hendrick Vrooman Jun 
Peter Cooper Jun^ 
Peter Groot 
Cornelius alstine 

John X Kline 


Nath^l Hillyer 

Barent X Dredener 

Edw^ Wall 
Dietrich Petri 


[ ] 

Guy Johnson 
John Butler 
Hendrick Frey 
Jelles Fonda 
Joseph Cheas 
John Frey 
John Johnson 
Peter Martin 
Peter Conyne 

Spelling doubtful. 

656 Sir William Johnson Papers 

RoBT Adams Adam Zeele 

Peter Ten Broeck John Fonda 

Frederick Young Will" Byme 

Hendrick Hansen Dan^ Claus 

Barent Hansen John Salltsman 

Gilbert Tice December 8 1772 

Arent Bradt John Hansen 

his Chris". P. Yates 
John + Bowen 


[New York Dec. P'*. 1772] 

I ] 

We wrote you [ ] 

going to Albany which has [ ] 

ere this — & that all the Stores we Sent up are safe with 
you — We sent a Cask of Nails along with M^ Tyse's 
Liquors & hope it will get safe, & that you received the other 
Cask Nails sent 3*^ Sepf last, these are all the Nails sent or 

We have yours 3^ Ins*. & shall get the Cash for your Bill of 
£2000 & send it by first good Man, as you desire. 

We are sorry you have so much reason to complain of the 
Rum being bad. be assured two Better Hhds of Rum never 
left New York. We purchased the 2 Hhds Jamaica Rum 
from M'' Hylton here at 5'/ & as to the two Hhds of N. York 
Rum, it was very good bought of M'^ Wylley & it was also 
in Ironbound Casks, so we hope it may be one of them you have 
tryed & taken for West India Rum, its hard to find out who 
plays tricks with your liquors — the Skippers or the Storekeepers 
at Albany & Schenactady or the Waggoners, they will no 
doubt all [ ] 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 657 

[ ] verry well, they are [ ] 

[ ] School next Week [ ] 

[ ] with difficulty we could get her to take them, her school 

in so full, being the best here, indeed we fancy if M' Ogilvie 
had not interfered she would not have taken them, M^ & M". 
Ogilvie are certainly very civil & polite to them, & so is Cob. 
& M". Maunsall. If you have any letters for Ireland send 
them soon, our Vessell sails Just after Christmas for Dublin 

We are D^ Sir 

Y"^ most obed Serv'* 

Hugh & Alex^ Wallace 
Sir Will Johnson Bar* 



Sir William Johnson Bar*, 
at Johnson Hall 

Tryon County 


Decb^ 9*^ 1 772 — 

Hugh Wallace Esq". 


Ans'-d 15«\ Cur*. 

A. L. 5. 

[Boston Deer. fQ^K 1772] 

I have taken the Liberty [to] Inclose under your Address, 
a Letter to M"^ Chew, which I am desirous should get safe to 
him, he pointed out this Path to me, to Convey to him with 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

658 Sir iVilliam Johnson Papers 

Security any Letters I might write or send him, a freedom which 
I hope you will Excuse 

In Sir Your most Obed'. 

& most Hum^'^. Serv^ 

Will: Temple 
Sir William Johnson 

addressed : 

The Honorable 
Sir William Johnson Barr' 
Att Johnson Hall 
By the Post — 


Boston 10»h. Decb^ 1772 

from W". Temple Esq^ 


[Hillsborou]gh lO^K 
December 1772 

[ ] return from Johns [Town ] 

returning there to Settle [ ] Possible, the [beginning of] 

February Next but at farthest on the breaking up of the Ice 
till then 

I am S-- 
Your Most Obedient 

Hble Servant 

Bryan Lefferty 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Line burned off. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 659 


Sy William Johnson Baronet 

Johnson Hall 

Letter from M^ Bryan 
Lefferty Att^. 

Decb^ lO'h. 1772 — 


A. L. S. 

[New York Dec^ 12'^ 1772] 
Dear Sir 

We wrote you by [ ] 

have received the Money for y^ [Bond] on M'^ Barrow," & send 
by the bearer Skipper Marseilis One Thousand Pounds, sealed 
& directed for you. 
We hope you will receive it safe. 

Nothing new here. Sir John & the young Ladys are verry 

We shall send £ 1 000 more by next good Hand & are 


Y^ Most obed Serv'* 
Hugh & Alex Wallace 
Sir William Johnson Bar' 

Johnson Hall Tryon County 


Decb^ 12»K 1772 — 

M^ Wallaces letter 

w'*^. Money ^ Marselis 

^ In Johnson's hand. 
^ Thomas Barrow. 

660 Sir William Johnson Papers 


New York Deer: 1 5'K' 1772. 
Dear Sir, 

Your Favor of the 18'^: November was delivered me by Sir 
John Johnson, and I am glad to find by it that your late Congress 
with the Six Nations terminated so much to your Satisfaction. 

With regard to the Murther of Pond the Trader you will 
perceive by my last Letter that I was of the same opinion with 
you, that the Nations would not deliver up the Murtherers : And 
if they should, it seems a delicate affair to act properly in; more 
especially as there are little Hopes of punishing Ramsay as he 
deserves, for the Many Indians he killed of all Sexes and Ages. 
Upon the whole it appears best to make as much Merit as we 
can of our Clemency, and forgive with a good Grace, in which 
you know best the Instructions that are most proper to be given 
Major Bassett"^ for his Conduct. Part if not the whole of the 
Peltry may possibly be recovered. 

The Attorney General has no great opinion of M"": Wether- 
head's Proposal to appeal to Chancery on the verdict against 
Lieu': Roberts. Neither Court nor Jury as far as I have learned 
went upon his Instructions, or considered whether they were 
given by proper Authority or not, but it was proved that Lieu'. 
Roberts had the Rum in his Possession and gave a large 
Quantity of it to the Indians, which Circumstance alone con- 
demned him. If he acted according to his Instructions, the best 
way is to ascertain the same by Memorial with the Cost that has 
arisen from his doing his Duty. 

With regard to the Certificates, Colonel Bradstreet made a 
Charge of several for the Services you mention, viz'. Transport- 
ing Provisions and stores to the Congress at Fort Stanwix. It 
remains if the People you apply for are not paid, for Colonel 
Bradstreet to certify upon the Certificates, that he has not paid 

^ In Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

^ Major Henry Basset, commanding the garrison at Detroit. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 661 

them, and that he has received no Money for that Purpose. Out- 
standing Accounts are now more difficult to get paid than 
formerly, and require more Form; all Accounts warrants &c*. 
being transmitted to the Treasury every three months. When 
Colonel Bradstreet has certified in the Manner mentioned, the 
Certificates may be sent to me. 

I have received News from the Ilinois to 11*^: Sepf^:, The 
Person sent to the Ouabache to order the Settlers to quit Post 
Vincent, returned with Representations of their Titles to the 
Lands and a Desire to send two Deputys here to prove their 
Claims. The Indians threatened to kill the Messenger, and 
they were obliged to hide him till the Savages were pacified, a 
French Man was employed on this Service and one of his Com- 
pany was killed and scalped on his Return, tho' unknown by 
what Nation. Two Chiefs of the Shawnese were at the Ilinois 
in July who told the Commanding-Officer they were sent by you 
with Belts to all the Nations to the Southward, and that they 
were to hold a Congress there in Autumn. They had had a 
meeting with different Tribes of the Ilinois Indians, a Party of 
the Arkansas, and a large Party of the great Osages. It was 
the first visit those last have paid to the English Since we have 
been in Possession of the Ilinois. Some of the Kikapoas came 
also on Invitation from the Commander from the opposite shore, 
who being Spoke to by him as well as the Shawnese and some 
of the Mingoes who were also present, they went off well satis- 
fied and made fair Promises. You will guess the Intent of all 
these Meetings and Secret Transactions, better than I can do, 
of which the Commanding officer makes no mention, but appears 
to have believed that the Shawnese were acting by your 

I am with great Regard, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient. 

Humble Servant, 

Thqs. Gage 
S^: William Johnson Bar*: — 

662 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INDORSED;' Decb. 15*K 1772 — 

Genr^. Gages letter 
Desiring Certificates may 
be got from Bradstreet & Sent 
to Him, of their having rec*^. 
no pay. — 

D. S. 

Return of Provisions Turned over to [Alexander McKee by] 
Order of Robert Leake Esq"" Commissary [General] 
the 18^ Dec^ 1772 — 




Fit for Use & in Good Order 


12 [ 

Unfit for Men to Eat 




12 [ 


An^- Mackay 



of Provisions turned 

Over to Alex^ M^ Kee Esq^ 

18'h. Dec^ 1772 — 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 663 


L. S.i 

Johnson Hall Decern'-. 18^K J 772 

As it is essential to the Interest of this Country that the 
Representatives be early provided vs^ith all Informations con- 
cerning it's true State, and Circumstances at this time, I think 
it necessary that you send to me with all possible Dispatch, but 
at any rate before the 28*^. of this Instant a true Copy of the 
Tax List, Signed & Certified by your self for your District, and 
also a List of the Number of days each person is to work on 
the Roads &c 

I am Sir 

Your Wellwisher 

& Humble Serv* 

W. Johnson 
P. S.^ I was told Just now 
that Isaac Paris is to Set 
up in opposition to the Two 
Candidates, we pitched upon 
at y^. time of the Court. — 
If you know anything of it, let hear from You — 

Jelles Fonda Esq' 


A. L. S. 

[Sutton, Mass, Decb'' 22"^ 1772] 

[ ] 

Were I Not confident that I may rely upon Your Good- 
nature and Generosity to excuse my presumption, I Should Not 
have dared, Considering the vast Inequality between your 

1 In New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 
^ Entire postscript is in Johnson's hand. 

664 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Honours Lordship, & my person, to have raisd my thoughts so 
high, as to address you with these inconsiderate Lines; Which 
may justly merit Rebuke from your judicious Censure, But 
knowing your favourable Construction on the good Meaning of 
your informer, 

I your Humble Petitioner, as a Relative Disier Preferment 
as Vaconce Shall admit acaordinding to my abillity. My 
Honrourd Father was born in Ireland in the County Terown, 
and from thence came to New England. He Deceased in 
Rutland, in the Year 1 753 left a w*^. with a Number of Small 
Children, God Saw meet to Take from me my Honrourd 
Mother the Next year following, & their now Sirvives but Two 
be sides my Self one Brother & one Sister both younger. I 
have Meet with many Miss Fortun and am at Present Redus*^. 
to low Circumstances. I have been Brought up in the Tread 
of Merchant-Dise I am in that Busness at present, and shall 
be, till Next Spring, & then I know not where to go for further 
imploy. I was Born in Rutland in the County of Worcester 
of Messachusetts Bay, in New England, under the Pastoral 
care of the Rev"^ M"" Joseph Buckminster, of S*^. Town I am 
Now in Sutton in S^. County a Tending a Stoer for M^ Elijah 
Putnam & Shall be till Next March 

My Humble Duty [ ] 

Knight, Baronet, to your 

and in expectation of an Answ"^ [ ] 

above Request, as Opportunity may Permit. — 

I Rest S^ Your Most Humble Petitioner 

John Johnson 

I was Born in Year 1 748, am Now Twenty four years of age — 


Sutton In New England 
Decb^22d. 1772 — 
from John Johnston 

^ In Johnson's hand. 

Post-War Period, 1763-1774 665 

A. L. S. 
. , [New York Decb'- 23^^ 1772] 

I rec^ yours of [ J 

find Cob Guy Johnson [ ] 

y^ representatives I dont know Col° [ ] 

but am told he is a Lawyer, that is never any recomendation 
In my Oppinion, but I suppose he will be guided by Cob 
Johnson & there is no doubt they will do verry well. 

We sent you £ 1 000 last week by Cap* Marseillis & by 
Col°. Ranselar we shall send a like Sum this Week or early the 
next — I think your Goal might have been under the Court house 
for to save Expence for some time, as is done in all the Countys, 
tho' no doubt its best to be otherwise — there will be I fancy 
no difficulty in getting an Act for y^ Expence — I observe what 
you say about M'' Hills Request for Lands, it agrees with what 
I wrote him before. 

Your Loss & Disapointment in the Rum vexes me. Depend 
on it, there never was better Rum sent from New York but it 
passes thro' so many hands its hard to find out the Cheat. I 
believe it will be best in future to send a trusty Hand 

[ ■] 

[ ] & advise you by the [ ] 

Sir John is very well, & no doubt writes you by this post. The 

Young Lady's are very well & fixed with M" Blanch Bayoux, 

the best School in America they will turn out fine Women — 

M". Wallace desires her Compl'*. & I assure you none washes 

your Health & Happyness, A merry Christmas & many happy 

Year more & sincerely then 


Y^ obed & obliged Serv*. 

T.r 1 r AV7 .1 Hugh Wallace 

IN ever was such ime Weather 

Sir W" Johnson Bar* 

^ Line burned off. 

666 Sir William Johnson Papers 



Sir William Johnson Bar*, 
at Johnson Hall 
Tryon County 


[ ] 

Mr. [ ] 


Contemporary Copy 

Deer. 23^. 1772 

[ ] 

As I understand that you [ 

of Provisions in the Spring for a [ 

you expect there at that time; I must beg you [ 

that there is now in the Contractor's Stores [ 

sands pounds of Flour with a proportion [ 

Beef &c*. which was purchased before any of the co[ntractors 

knew anything of His Excellency General Gage's Intentions 

[ ] Evacuating this Post, and therefore, will become 

the Prop[erty] of the Crown; — So that if You was to apply 

to His Exce[llency] I doubt not, but he would give Directions 

for you to [ ] it for the use of the Indians — 

I am Respectfully 


Your most Obed'. Serv'. 

Alexander Ross 

Alexander M^.Kee Esq'. 

Post-lVar Period, 1763-1774 667 


Copy — 

M^ Ross's Letter 

Alexander M'^Kee — 

L. S. 

Detroit 23^ Decembre 1772: 

[ ] vous [ 1 jay [ 

Douitanons du 12^ Septembre [ 
Sauvages de ce poste font fort [ 
faits aucunes reponses aux colliers [ 
poste Vincennes et porteur de la Lettre que jay [ 
apprend qu'une Berge partant des Illinois [ 
avoit Cinq anglois et une femme montant La [riviere avait 
ete rencontre plus haut que La riviere des c[ 
partie quy s'est nomme de Chikachas et [ 
terre, Les cinq hommes ont debarque et ont [ 
La femme quy etoit reste Seule dans la Voiture a [ 
force pour mettre La Berge a flot et s'est laisser a[ 
Courrant; et a arrive a que[l] que lieus plus Bas, ou il y [ 
chasseurs frangois ; quy en ont Eu Soin et I'ont rem [ 
Illinois: La meme personne dit que les peorias Sauvag[es 
Illinois etant insulte et poursuivie par les Saks et [ 
Renards avoient ete obliges de se refugier dans le fort [ 
chartre: Je vous donne ces nouvelles telles qu'elles m'ont [ete 
Conte et non pour Certaines: Mon frere arrive icy II y a qu[el 
que Jours m'a dit que les miamis avoient mendes a tous les 
Souvages de douabache, de se rendre a leur Village par ce qu i 
Vouloient leurs parler de la part des Chadoinons; Les 
douiatanons Seuls y sont Venu au Commencement du mois 
dernier, a quy les Miamis ont dit, mes Freres, voicy une parole 

^ Lines burned off. 

668 Sir William Johnson Papers 

que les Chadoinons Vous envoyent de la part des Chikachas et 
des Cherakis, pour Vous demander a fair la paix, et que toutes 
les nations puissent chasser tranquilement ; Les douiatanons 
ont dit qu'ils n'etoient point Seuls les maitres et qu'ils repondr 
oient avec toutes les nations de douabache; Mon frere m 
assure s'etre trouve dans ce Conseil ou il s'est dit Beaucoup 
de choses ne resultant qu' a faire la paix: Je ne Saurois Vous 
Cacher Monsieur qu'il y a quelque terns que Je Serois partie pour 
douabache, Sy ce n'eut ete une difficulte que Jay Eu avec une 

[ '] 

[ Jampbell etoit un [ ] 

[ ] comme Jay tou jours pense et [ ] 

[ ] mal agis vis a vis de moy dans cette [ ] 

[ ] persuade Je n'ay point ete le voir en sortant 

[ ]je ne doute point qu'il ne Vous Ecrive contre moy; 

L'ayant [ ] personnes hautement et qu'il Ecriroit aussy a 

Son [superieur GJeneral Gage; Je ne crains cependant point qu'il 
puisse [ ] J'aye Jamais manque au Service et a la fidelite 

[a Sa Majes] te ou a ceux quy la represente; n'y au devoir d'un 
[ ] homme. Ma Conduite est Connue de tout le monde. 

Mons' [ ] 11 et plusieurs mes" de Skanectaday me rendront 

Justice [ ]es parts de ceux d'icy: Je me flatte que Sy il 

fait quelques [ ] au General que Vous Voudres bien luy 

faire Connoitre mon [ ] ; et meme Vous Conoissant 

remplie de Bonte J'espere que Vous [Voujdres bien La 
premiere fois que Vous Ecriray a Son Excellence luy [par]ler 
de moy et le detourner, des mauvaises impressions que Ton 
[po]urroit luy avoir donne de ma personne: Soyes persuade 
[que] personne N'est plus sincerement attache au Service de Sa 
Majeste et a vous que Celuy quy a I'honneur d'etre tres