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Full text of "The papyrus of Ani; a reproduction in facsimile"






THE BOOK OF 
THE DEi 



H 



PAPYRUS OF 






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r^^i 



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tf-':v>:?:'.?:Nit'''-'r- ^.■. 






A.WALLIS BUDGE 














\ 



THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



FROM THE LIBRARY OF 

JIM TULLY 

GIFT OF 
MRS. JIM TULLY 



HE PAPYRUS OF ANI 

A REPRODUCTION IN FACSIMILE 
EDITED, WITH HIEROGLYPHIC 

TRANSCRIPT, TRANSLATION, AND 

INTRODUCTION, BY E. A. WALLIS BUDGE 
M.A., LITT.D., KEEPER OF THE EGYPTIAN AND 
ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES IN THE BRITISH 
MUSEUM. PUBLISHED BY PERMISSION OF 
THE TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM 



IN THREE VOLUMES 



VOLUME THREE 

THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 

REPRODUCED IN 37 COLOURED PLATES 



NEW YORK: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS 
LONDON: PHILIP LEE WARNER 



Art THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 

Ubrary REPRODUCTION IN 3; 

>Kp J COLOURED PLATES 

A3 

V.3 



VOL. I. 2 A 2 



^r 



838T,>1 




^- 



25 24 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



t 




I — Vignette : Ani, 
"Scribe of the Sacred 
Revenues of all the gods 
of Thebes" and admini- 
strator of " the Granaries 
of the Lords of AbydQS," 
and his wife Tutu before 
a table of offerings of 
meat, cakes, fruit, flowers, 
etc 

7'i v/: Hymn in honour 
of the sun-goii R a at his 



r 



m 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 





?,—l'i!;iicllc: Aiiove, 
twelve ijods sealed in 
order, as judges, before 
a table of offerings. Be- 
low, the Psychostasia, 
or Weighing of the 
Conscience : the jackal- 
headed Anubis trying 
in the Balance the 
heart (conscience) of 
thedecc.ised against the 
feather symbolical of 
Law; on the left, Ani 
and his wife in an atti- 
tude of devotion ; on the 
right, the ibis-headed 
Thoth, the scribe of the 
gods, noting down the 
result of the trial, and 
behind him the monster 
Amemit. the Devourer. 
On the left of the bal- 
ance.Shai (Destiny) with 
the two goddesses Ke- 
nenit and Meschcnit be- 
hind him i above them, 
the soul of Ani, as a 
human-headed hawk.and 
the symbol of the cradle. 

Text : On the left, the 
address of Ani to his 
heart ; on the right, the 
sentence of acquittal. 



r 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




4. — V'igtiette: The pre- 
sentation of Ani, tri- 
umphant, to Osiris. The 
god enthroned within a 
shrine; behind him, Isis 
and Nephthys ; in front, 
a lotus-flower, on which 
are the four children of 
Horus, genii of the dead. 
On the left, Horus leads 
forward Ani; who again 
kneels, with whitened 
hair, and presents offer- 
ings. 

Text : The address of 
Horus toOsiris.announc- 
ing the righteousness of 
Ani : and the prayer of 
Ani. 



i^ 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




i—Vigttctle: Fu- 
neral processtun : the 
mummy on a boat- 
sliaped Iiearse, drawn 
by oxen ; beside it 
kneels the mourning 
wife ; in front, a priest 
officiates ; behind fol- 
low mourners, and 
servants drawing a 
funereal shrine and 
bearingarticles for ihe 

ihedeceased'swriting 
pallet. 

Text : Chapter i of 
the Book of the Dead. 




C 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




PH 




(^.— Vignette: Fu- 
neral procession con- 
tinued : ininistrants 
carrying sepulchr.tl 
n band of 



fen 



On 



the right, the tomb, 
in front of which 
Anubis supports the 
mummv.llie mourning 
wife kneeling before 
it Facing the mum- 
my, two priests olfi- 
ciate before a. table 
of offerings ; bt-hlnd 
them, a priest reads 
the funeral service 
from a papyrus, and 
a shaven priest brings 
forward an offering: 
the calf and cowabove 
symbolize the rising 
Sum and Heaven. 

Text: Chapter 22, 
and rubric of t he 72iid 
chapter of the Fiook 
of the D<:;icl. 



-C 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




Ani playirK at 
draughts, tcigcllicr 
with his wife, within 
a hall. (4) Their two 
souls standing above 
the tomb ; in front of 
them, an allar with a 
libation - vase and 
lotus-fl,.wers, (c) The 
Sun disk in the solar 
nmunt, with the ca- 
nopy of heaven above; 



eithe 



side llu 



Ua, (d) The He 
identified with Osi 



lore him, (r) The 

withlsisandNephthys 
in the form of twin 
I'irds; beneath the 



the 



writing pallet, eti 
Texl: Chapte 
Coflhep 

iug: forth and entering 



n^sand 



I the 



lelh. 



ete.) of the Hook 
the IJe^id 



jC 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




8, — yigttfUes : {a) 
A seated male figure, 
wilh Ihe emblem o( 
• milliuns of years" 
in his right liand and 
un his head : hit left 
h,fnd extended above 
ihtKycofHorus. (A) 
A male liijure st.ind- 
ftith'arms out- 
hed above the 
l:ikfsof " Maaat" and 
■Hesmen" (natron), 
(.) A pylon, or gale 
with folding doors: 
■ 1 he Uoor of the 
funeral Passages." 
(,/) The Fye of Horus 
upon a pedestal (<•) 
■file great cow" Meh- 
.irit, the l-ye of Ka." 
( / ) A funereal chest, 
ndedbvthrfour 
children of' Horus, 
with Ra rising Ironi 
It holding the Sign ol 
life in each hand 

Trxl: Chapter 17 
(rtinlinued) ol the 
book of the Dead. 



C 



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R> -;-iqFi :■• 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




^§ jinn^^jf M 



^ ^m^ 1 




- y,i'>,c-/f,:. 



Maaf.alf.KI 




Heru. Kiirn 




and Anubls 


and the 


^f-ven gods 


identified 


"III, liie se 


'en stars 


of the constellation 


of the Gre 


at Bear. 


{/>'! -Ihe SOL 


Is of US 


and Osiris 


between 


t«o Tats. . 


isnifying 




no-pbee. 


r.alltl. 




Tcjc/: fhapler 17 


Icnntinucd) 


of the 


Hook of tile 


Dead. 



"i 



o 



:_ yiSi^ f * ^ySOB tti ■■ t- 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




10— »'.^»f««:(a) 
A cat in front of a 
persea tree cutting off 
tfie head of a serpent, 
symbolizing the rising 
sun-god Ra slaying 
the dragon of Dark- 
ness ; the gods Hu. 
Sau. and their father 
Tmu looking on. {/t) 
Ani and his wife ador- 
ing the scarab-headed 
god Khepera, of the 
morning, who isseated 
in the Solar Bark 
floating on the heaven 
with an altar and 
lotus - flower before 
him; twocynocephali, 
spirits of dawn, with 



their 



:the 



hands in adoration, 
the eye of the return- 
ing sun before them. 
(<■) The god Tmu, the 
closer of the day, 
s-ated.withintheSun- 
disk, in the Solar 
Hark, facing an altar 
with lotus-flower, (rf) 
A couchant lion on a 
pedestal, embower- 
ed in lotus-flowers, 
which is a 
' Uatchit the 
Fiery," symbolizing 
the Dawn', and the 
Flame of tire. 

Tfx^ : Chapter 17 
(continued) of the 
Hook of the Dead. 



ong 



") 



r 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



CHAP CXLVri, 



THIRD ARIT 



FOURTH ARIT 



C 




1 1, — I't^Hcttts. Alii 
and his wife approach- 
ing (tf) the seven gares 
called Arit and {b) 
the ten Pylons of 
Osiris (extending into 
Plate 12). Kach of 
the Arit gates is 
guardrd by a Door- 
keeper, a Watcher, 
and a Herald; and 
each of the Pylons by 
a Doorkeeper. 

Text : Chapters 146 
and 147 of the Hook 
of the Dead ; being 
the names of the 
guardians of the Arit 
gates and pylons, and 
the addresses made 
by AnI to those gods. 



CHAP. CXLVI. 



-IRST PYLON 



SECOND PYLON 



THIRD PYLON 



FOURTH PYLON 



-IFTH PYLON 



SIXTH PYLON 



c 




c 



12— K/^n<.«f.t(j) 
Continuation of the 



ngiie 



1 Plat 



(/.) Ani I wearing San- 
dais) and his wife, 
twice represented, 
preceded by a priest 
robed in the panther- 
5l<in and advancing 
towards two pylons 
(see Plate 13). 

Text. Chapters 146 
and 147 (continued) 
of the Book of the 
Dead; and invoca- 
tions of the priests 
and of Ani, forming 
an introduction lo 
Chapter iS of the 
liook of the Dead, 
which contains the 
Litany of 'I'hoth. 



~>^H 



EIGHTH PYLON 



TENTH PYLON 



INTRODUCTION TO CHAP. 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 



^m 




Iwo pylons whereby 
are approached the 
gods uhkh preside 
over certain locahties, 
twenty-three o( whom 
are here depicted. 

Ti-x/: Chapter r8 
o( the Uook of the 
Dea.l. 



^ 



o 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




J4 -K'.S"/.-//,-!: 

Xiiicletfii oi Ihe gods 
"if Localities (con- 
limicdfrora Pl:itc 13). 
Text. Cliaplcr iS 
(continurd) of ilm 
Book 01 Ihc- l)i-,.d. 



:> 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




'5 —''V'"'"":!") 
A priest raising shove 
the head of Ani the 

his mouth, to illustrate 
tlie chapter "of open- 
ing the tnouth" {i\ 
Ani making an ofVer- 



the 



headed Anubis. to il- 
lustrate the chapter 
■'of giving his heart 
to the deceased." (c-r) 
Ani carrying his soul, 
to illustrate "that the 
soulofthepers'jnmav 



takei 



froir 



the chapter "of giving 

with a staff. 

Text : Chapters 23. 
24, 26, 308,61,54,29, 
and 27, of the Book 
of the Dead : opening 
uth, bringing 



>rds of 



pow 



curing the heart, and 
giving air to the de- 
ceased, in the nether- 
world. 



1 



CHAP. XXIV 



CHAP. XXX E 



CHAP XXVtl 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




CHAP. XXVII 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




CHAP. LXXXIX 



J 



17— '^'"■"■•jM"! 
Ani adoring a triad of 
Koils. («)Aiii,«ithhis 
wriling pallet in his 
Ifft hand, addressing 
a god, who with turned 
head is seated in a 
boat. (<■) The soul 
of Ani visiting his 



"ofr 



\il'>ed bodv 

the 

nitingthe 



haptei 



to the dead body.'" 
(rf) The soul standing 
before a door-way, to 
illustrate the chapter 
"that the soul of a 
person may not 



npri! 






Texi : Chapters 93, 
43i ^9' 91. "i<l 9'> of 
the book of the Dead. 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



G 




lS-^yc,.,/^.,:(,,) 
Am enlrnng a door- 
way, on the other side 
o( which is liis Shade 
accompanied bv his 
Sold, to illuslrati- the 
chapter "of opening 
the lomh to the soui 
and shade," \i) .\n\ 
offering before the 
model of the Divine 
Bark of Osiris-Sekcr. 
{c) Ani entering 
Amenta (the nether- 
world) represented by 
a hawk and a feather 
upon a stand upheld 
by the solar mount, 
to illustrate the cliap- 
ter "of approaching 
Amenta by day " (</) 
Ani. before an altar 
ilh vase and lotus- 



<1o» 
god Osiri 

thetriple 



ring the 
1 form of 



lilh 

1, which 

,_»osed of the 

of Upper and Lower 
Fgypl, flanked by the 
two feathers.ordouble 
Law ; to illustrate the 
chapter "of coming 
forth by day after en- 
tering the Animehet " 
(f) Ani standing by 
a doorway, to illus- 
trate the chapter " of 
the person going 
round to see his 
house." (/) Ani 
slaving a serpent. 

re.rl ■: Chapters 92 
(continued), 74. 8, 2. . 
9, t.,2. 10, [48], and 
15 of the Hook of the 
Dead. 



CHAP. tJCXiV 



CHAP. VIII 



1 



CHAP. CXXXII 



CHAP. X [XLVIII] 




fitJfc'itt c -_-'---..«:J^i3aiB(«- 



2 3 4 5 

CHAP. XV CONTINUED. 



• 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



.'^k'^K^^Sti*-! 




2o.— rignette:0 
ris. wilh the scept 
flail, and hook 
Isis, within a shi 

Text : Chapter r ' 
of the Book of thi 
Dead, (continued) 
Hymns to the Sun 



nd 



1 



o 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




the Sola 



i-od. 



Chapters 15 (con- 
tinued! and 133 of the 
Book of the Dead, con. 
taiiiing hymns to the 
Sun-god. 



3 



C 



m 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF AMI 




j->. — Vignettes: The 
Suii.god in his Bark. 

Text: Chapters [33 
(continued) and 134 of 
the Bool< of tlie Dead 

At the end of the 
flate is the ladder or 
flight of steps by which 
the soul passes to visit 
the body in the tomb. 



CHAP CXXXIII. 



3 



o 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




ring Ihe Powers 
of Localities, twenty 



of 



Plate: 



depicted (si 
'3-15)- 

Text: Chapter iS 
(repeated) of tlie Hook 
of the Dead. 



^ 



c 



m 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



^M^---'ifdL-'i^' 



'k';/.. j4i*ittfe J: 




24 — Vignettes . 
[11) Eleven of the 
Powers of Locali- 
ties (continued from 
Plate 23). («) Ani 
and his wife adoring 
a triad of gods. 

Text : Chapters 
iS (continued) and 
124 of the Book of 
the Dead ; the latter 
describing the de- 
t eased's triumphanl 
progress ami state 
oi bliss. 



CHAP. CXXIV 



O 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




^ 



25. — Vignettes : The 

lluve, the Golden 

Hawk, and the Divine 

H:i\vk, illustrating the 

chapters <)( the trans- 

■ ol the de. 

■ased into those 

ythical forms of the 



Text: Chapters o 
Liisformation, viz. 
SO. 77 and 78 of th 
Bnok of the Dead. 



CHAP. LXXXVI 



o 



CHAP. LXXVll 



CHAP. LXXVIII 



C 




















4l ^ 



^^K 









r?-k^l 



J^iitlH^UI^I?f|.-'b 



Hc £: 












i 



2B 






llo 



3 



ill 

" "c 



-.•6— 7V^/:Ciiapler 
i (continued) of the 
10k of the Dead. 




^l—Vignelles-.Thi: 
rr|iciu Se.ta, the 
r.^ndile Sebak, the 
"1 Htah. the Ram 
"ul o( Tmu), and 
" Heron, illustrating 
^iisformations (con- 
'd from Plates as 
.1 -.6). 
7'.r/: Chapters of 



CHAP. LXXXVIl 



,3 



CHAP. LXXXVIII 



CHAP. LXXXII 



CHAP. LXXXV 



c 




jH.— yigitelles-.The 



the Lo 



.ing 



i, illu 
s(orm 



i (continued from 
Plates 25-27). 

Text- Chapters of 
transformation, viz.. 
84.81A, and8oof the 
Bool< of the Dead. 



CHAP. LXXXIV 



CHAP. LXXXI « 



CHAP. LXXX 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




2i) — \;g,irtles:{«) 



nd hb 



iHor- 



ing Thoth. (4) Arii 
and his wife before a 
table of offerings. 

Text'. Chapter 175 
of (he Hook of the 
Dead ; and the latter 
portion ol a new chap- 
ter which begins in 
Plate 30 



*afe.<i.*^..,4M-.,^M^kJ 



CHAP. CLXXV 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




30- 


'wnette: Osi- 


ris and 


i;is . 


nthin a 


shrine ; 


tie fort 


them a 


lotus-flower 


n which 


stand th 


efour 


hildren 


of Horu 


s, gen 


i of the 


dead. 






Text 


An 


intro- 


ductory 


chapt 


r to the 


Negativ 


e Confession. 



CHAP. CXXV 



o 



O i 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



o 




31 — l'igite//e:Thf; 
Hall of tlic Two-fold 
Maat (part in Plate 
32), decorated with 
urari and feathers sym- 
bolical of Uw (Maat). 
Within are the forty- 
two judges of the 
dead, thirty-three of 
whom are here de- 

Tcxt: Chapter 125 
(the Negative Con- 
fession) of the Book 
of the Dead. 



L__ 



im 



CHAP. CXXV THE NEGATIVE CONFESSION 



G 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




32.— fiV„;«„:(a) 
Tlie Hall of Ihe Two- 
fold Maat (conlinued 
from Plate 3 1), show- 
ing the rest of the 
judges of the dead 
and, in four compart- 
ments, the two god- 
desses of Law, Ani 
adoring Osiris, the 
Trial of the Consci- 
ence (see Plate 3),and 
Thothand the Feather 
of Law. ii) Ihe 
twenty-three gods to 
whom are severally 
assigned various parts 
of the body. 

Text : Chapters 1 25 
(continued) and part 
of 42 (the Assimila- 
tion of Limbs) of the 
Hook of the Dead. 



CHAP, CXXV 



THE NEGATIVE CONFESSION 



C) 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




33— ^''^«/'«:(<i) 
hour cynocephali, 
seated at the cortiers 
of a puol of fire, from 
which rise four flames. 
(4) The Tat, the 
Buckle,the Heart, and 
the Head-rest: (our 
amulets placed upon 
the mummy, (c) For- 
tion of the scene of 
the sepulchral cham- 
ber (see Plate 34). 

Text : Rubric of 
chapter 42 (Rubric), 
and chapters 155,156, 
29/', 16(1. and 151 of 
the Book at the Dead. 



:y^;«y-:J 



3 



CHAP. CLVI 



CHAP. CLXVl CHAP. CU 



r 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 




c 



Scene of the sepul- 
chral chamber : the 
mummy on its bier, 
guarded by Anubis ; 
Isis (Plate 33) kneel- 
ing at the foot, and 
Nephthysat thehead; 
at the four corners, 
the four children of 
Horus ; above, the 
Tat i below. Ap-uat 
on a tomb ; on the 
extreme right and left, 



the 



flame of fire, and a 
Shabtu figure de- 
signed to assist the 
deceased in the la- 
bours of the nether- 
world {/>} Ani and 
his wife before a table 
of offerings. 

Text ; Chapters 151 
(continued) and ko 
(description of the 
Elysian FieMsi of the 
Book of the Dead. 



V*-^ilS'r-'*'--^Tr^->,--i:ii^*c-**-**i^^-r:aK£;i^ 



o 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



^ 




The occupations of 
Ani in the Klysian 
Fields, through which 
flow rivers of water ; 
Thoth first intro- 
ducing the deceased 
and his Sliade into 
the presence of a triad 
of gods. [6) A Hall 
(part in Plate 36) in 
which Ani adores Ra, 
before two altars 
with vases and lotus- 
flowers, and the seven 
Cows and the Bull 
provide food for him. 
rexl: Chapters no 
(Vignette) and 148 of 
the Hook of the Dead, 



CHAP. CX VIGNETTE 



^ 



CHAP. CXLVIII 



c 



THE BOOK OF THE DEAD 



THE PAPYRUS OF ANI 



c 




36 — I'ignellfi : (a) 
The Hall (continued 
from Plat= 35), in 
«liicli are the four 
Rudders of Heaven 
and four triads of 
g.i.ls. (i) Ani and 
his wife before a table 
of „Berings 

Text: Chapters 148 
ami 185 (ndoralion uf 
Osiris) of the Hook of 
the Dea,l, 



3 



CHAP. CXLVIII 



ADORATION OF OSIRIS, 



c 



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