A PARTIAL HISlMY ^ a ^
TICHENOR FAMILY IN AMERICA
OF CONNECnCUT AND NEW JERSEY
COMPLETE GENEALOGY OF THE BRANCH OF THE FAMILY
DESCENDING FROM ISAAC TICHENOR, OF OHIO
SPELLING THE NAME
WITH SOME REFERENCES TO THE PROBABLE COLLATERAL
LINEAGE DESCENDED FROM
KANSAS CITY, MO,
HAROLD B. LEE LIBRARV^^
BRIgS YOUNG UNIVERSITIfl
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
Brigham Young University
350 COPIES PRINTED FOR PRIVATE
The Governor Tichenor House at Bennington, Vermont.
This picture is reproduced from the Daughters of the American Revolution
Magazine, p. 313. The article and note accompanying it says : "In the second
year of Governor Tichenor's administration — 1799 — the whole Tiation was shocked
by the death of Washington. Wall-paper commemorative of the event was
made, and the paper on the upper hall in the Governor's house is still covered
with it, the design being a funeral urn and the name being on each yard. Many
other relics are found in the wonderful old home. The high four-poster, in the
Governor's own room, the warming pan, cradle, spinning wheel, the first piano
ever brought to Bennington, the wonderful oil portraits, are the most prominent.
Isaac Tichenor, born at Newark, N. J., February 8, 1754, a graduate of Prince-
ton, was appointed Deputy Commissary-General of Purchases for the Northern
Department, and in that capacity was sent to Bennington in August, 1777. On
arriving in Bennington during the battle, he stopped at the tavern kept by Capt.
Elijah Dewey and ordered dinner. Mrs. Dewey, who had spent the day pre-
paring large kettles of boiling meat, so as to have food ready for the men on
their return, promptly refused to give the stranger a meal. He pointed to a
kettle and asked why, in the midst of such plenty, she would not let him have
something to eat. Mrs. Dewey's eyes flashed as she answered : 'That meat is for
the men who have gone to fight for their country, where you ought to be.'
Tichenor explained that he was out on public service, getting supplies for the
patriots, and was given his dinner. Tichenor wore the wig, queue, cocked hat
and great cloak of the Revolutionary period up to the time of his death in
December, 1838. He was married, but had no children, and upon his death his
house was given to his niece, Catherine Tichenor, who became the first wife of
George Lyman. The nails used in building this house were, cut in Bennington
from hoops taken from imported liquor casks."
A PARTIAL HISTORY
TICHENOR FAMILY IN AMERICA
OF Connecticut and New Jersey
COMPLETE GENEALOGY OF THE BRANCH OF THE FAMILY
DESCENDING FROM ISAAC TICHENOR, OF OHIO
SPELLING THE NAME
WITH SOME REFERENCES TO THE PROBABLE COLLATERAL
LINEAGE DESCENDED FROM
KANSAS CITY, MO.
"There is a moral and philosophic respect for our ancestors
which elevates the character and improves the heart. Next to the
sense of religious duty and moral feeling. I hardly know what should
bear with stronger obligation on a liberal and enlightened mind than
a consciousness of an alliance with excellence which is departed, and
a consciousness, too, that in its acts and conduct it may be actively
operating on the happiness of those who come after it." — Daniel
RICHARD B. TEACHENOR
3230 Woodland Avenue
Kansas City, Mo.
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY
It is interesting in these critical days of the world, when the
principles of liberty and free government are in danger, to speculate
that one's ancestors, in whose hearts these principles were implanted,
originally came from that battle-scarred field in Flanders over which
patriots are now shedding their blood in Liberty's name. At this
time, when America is banishing the hyphen and accepting only pure
Americanism, those who bear the name of Tichenor may derive a
peculiar gratification from the fact that their ancestors from op-
pressed lands were among those who, nearly a hundred and fifty
years before the Declaration of Independence, helped to establish
free institutions in America. They had a part in the stirring events
of Colonial and Revolutionary days.
The history of the Tichenor (or Ticknor) families in America
begins with the earliest Colonial era. Authenticated records show
that two forbears, Martin and William, were prominent in the events
succeeding the Mayflower period. Martin Tichenor (Tickenor)*
took the oath of allegiance at New Haven, Conn., August 5, 1644
(Savage's N. E. Genealogy, p. 300). William Ticknor (anciently
Tickner), supposedly born in Kent, England (date unknown), came
to Scituate, Mass., in 1656 (American Ancestry, p. 50). These men
may or may not have belonged to the same household. There always
has been a general tradition that the Tichenors came from England.
While there are in the United States two distinct and separate lines
from these men, having no American connection, it is reasonable to
believe that there was a common origin, the lines probably joining
the genealogical tree in England, but almost surely elsewhere at an
earlier date. The theory or tradition of French origin of Martin
Tichenor does not conflict with the supposition that he personally
may also have come from England, if we interpret tradition as
applying to the earlier common Dutch-French-Flemish source of the
family prior to the emigration to England. This theory becomes
more convincing when we consider that the name Ticknor, according
to authority, is supposed to be derived from the Dutch techftaar, a
*Savage, Vol. 4, p. 300, gives the name as Martin Tickenor, but on p. 710, in his
corrections, he corrects this to Tichenor.
Vol. 1 of the New Haven Records, recently published, is a very careful copy of the
original records. The index will be in Vol. 2, which is not out yet, but as Vol. 1 is ar-
ranged chronologically, I was able to find the marriage of Martin and the births of his
children, John. Abigail, Daniel and Nathaniel, on the dates given by Savage. In all these
entries the name is spdled either Tichennor or Tichenner. — J. M. Hunnewell.
In Munsell's Genealogical Index I find the following Tichenor references : New Jersey
Historical Society Collections, Vol. 6, p. 134; Shaw's History of Essex County, New jersey.
Vol. 2, p. 724.— J. M'. Hunnewell.
designer*. The fact that the Dutch language is closely allied to
Flemish might logically explain the tradition of French ancestry
when we consider that Flanders in earlier history was a part of
France. The probability of Flemish origin, and also of Enghsh
residence, is strengthened by the fact that the County of Kent is
located on the coast, directly opposite the Flemish coast, across the
English Channel. William' Ticknor is supposed to have come from
Tenterden, Kent, as there were quite a number of families of that
name in that region, particularly on the Isle of Thanet, they being
mostly seafaring people.
The meaning of the word technaar being a designer seems es-
pecially to attach to a worker in the famous Flemish textile industiy
of an earlier era. The artist-designers producing Flemish tapestries
were long considered the world's most skillful producers in their
Like many of the Puritan and Pilgrim ancestors of other Amer-
ican families, there is an absence of exact records of the personal
history of the first Tichenor immigrants. Therefore, surmise and
speculation as to origin, ages and dates must ever remain the founda-
tion of tradition.
William Ticknor was the ancestor from whom was descended
the Massachusetts collateral lineage, which produced the famous
merchant, Elisha Ticknor; George Ticknor, the eminent author and
historian, and William Davis Ticknor, the publisher.
Mr. James M. Hunnewell, of Boston, whose wife is a grand-
daughter of William Davis Ticknor, the Boston publisher, has gath-
ered the data and records of over three hundred families descended
from William Ticknor, with the expectation of publishing a gene-
alogy of that branch of the family. This work has been postponed
by reason of the war. Mr. Hunnewell has been helpful to the writer
in citing historical authorities and records.
Martin Tichenor^ was the head of the New Jersey lineage, to
which belonged the statesman, Isaac Tichenor.
This brief history is confined to the descendants of Martin,
with a few excerpts relating to the probable collateral line descended
*A coincident: the writer is a designer.
^Martin Tichenor, after living at New Haven, went early to New Jersey, and I have
found no trace of any descendants in Connecticut. I find the names of numerous Tichenors
who served as Revolutionary soldiers in New Jersey. I think soon after the Revolution
various branches settled in different parts of New York State, as I have kept coming across
families. — ^J. M. Hunnewell.
t Branches of the Ticknor family also lived at Lebanon and Sharon, Connecticut: Alford,
Massachusetts; Lebanon, New Hampshire; and in New York at what is now Triangle,
Broome County, and Hillsdale, Columbia County, as well as in Western New York, Illinois,
Ohio, Northern Pennsylvania and Georgia. (When it was settled. Triangle was part of
Lisle, Tioga County.) — ^J. M. Hunnewell.
The illiteracy of Colonial days has left its mark upon records
of the name, which, probably from phonetic causes, was spelled
variously. It is found in miscellaneous records that often the name
of the same individual is spelled differently^. The Massachusetts
Ticknor lineag^e, using the k, has adhered generally to the original
spelling, T-i-c-k-n-o-r, while the New Jersey lineage has preserved
the spelling T-i-c-h-e-n-o-r with the //,, usually, but not always, fol-
lowed by e. A few individual families, however, have varied the
spelling. We find in directories and records the names Ticnor,
Tichnar, Tichanor, Titchener, Techner, Technor. Whether these
spellings are actually used or are merely printers' errors is unknown.
The writer has never found any member of a family who did not
belong to one of the two branches§. There probably were few others
in America until within the past century. There are to be found
members of a distinctly Gemian family named Taeschner, who came
to this country from Prussia. There are also some recently-arrived
Jev/ish families having a similar name. The members of the branch
of the family descended from Isaac Tichenor (Teachenor), of Ohio,
to which the writer belongs, have for more than a hundred years
employed the letters ea in lieu of i in the name, thus differentiating
them from the larger number of Tichenors and Ticknors. Isaac's
school teacher, a fancy penman, wrote the name "T-e-a-c-h-e-n-o-r"
in his copybook. This aroused the boy's admiration and caused him
to adopt the spelling, although his brothers continued to use the old
style. In tlie old family burying-ground at Decatur, Ohio, the names
on the tombstones are spelled four ways: "Tichenor," "Tichnor,"
"Teachenor" and "Teachnor."
The repetition of the same baptismal names through succeeding
generations of the family is notable.
This partial history of the descendants of Martin Tichenor is
based upon authenticated information compiled by James Tichenor,
of Spencer County, Kentuck}-, in 1875, with additions by his son.
Rev. Isaac Taylor Tichenor, and was furnished to the writer lately
through the kindness of his grandson, Mr. W. R. Tichenor, of
Atlanta, Georgia. The writer has verified much of the data and
added to the record.
Richard Bennington Teachenor.
+New Haven Baptisms, given in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register,
Vol. 9, p. 363, spell the name Tichenor.
§There have been several immigrants since Martin and William, chief of whom ware
John Tickner, who settled at Afhtabula, Ohio, about 1835, and has many descendants in
that region and in Michigan; also several families which came to Philadelphia and have
many descendants there; also Dr. Thomas Tickner, who came to Syracuse, N. Y., about
1860. as well as severil others of more recent date. I have come across German names like
Tiechner; also Tignor, Tikner, Teeckner, etc.i — J. M. Hunnewell.
Believing that my descendants will be pleased to know who and
what their ancestors were, and having obtained authentic informa-
tion on that subject, both from my paternal and maternal ancestors,
and knowing that my time of life is short, being in my eighty-second
year and the only one of my father's children now living, I propose
to commit to writing for the information of those who shall come
after me what I know in regard to the above subject, hoping that
someone into whose hands the following pages shall fall will trans-
mit them, together with such additions as may be necessary, to future
Spencer County, Ky., 1875.
The book in which the above was written and which contained
a partial history of the Alden and Byram families, together with the
genealogy of the Tichenor family, after the death of my grandfather,
James Tichenor, came into the possession of my father, I. T.
Tichenor, who made certain additions to it, which additions are
shown as a part of the record hereinafter written.
W. R. Tichenor.
1203 Candler Bldg., Atlanta, Ga.
Martin Tichenor and His Descendants
MARTIN TICHENORi came, tradition says, from France.* At
what time he came to America is not known, but the records show that
he took the oath of allegiance at New Haven, Conn., August, 1644;
was married to Mary Charles in 1651. The children were:
Daniel'^ (born 1656)
Martin Tichenor was one of those who under the leadership of
Robert Treat removed from Milford, Conn., and were the earliest
settlers of Newark, N. J. Before they landed from the vessel in which
they sailed (from Connecticut) they drew up a written agreement in
which they declared their ''desire to be of one heart in carrying on the
spiritual concernments, as also civil and town affairs, according to
*This tradition is opposed to tlie one most generally accepted — that the ancestry is
English (although of Dutch-Flemish derivation). A close study of the Connecticut and New
Jersey Colonial records convinces the writer that Martin was a Puritan, and most probably
came from England. In Atwater's "History of Colony of New Haven," Chapters II, III
and IV, reference several times is made to the fact that members of the colony settling at
Milford and New Haven, like those of Massachusetts Bay, came from Kent and Canterbury.
Martin and his wife were members of the New Haven church. On pages 543, 549, 551 and
553 are found the names of the people as they were seated in the parish or township meeting-
house during the years 1646 and 1647. The men and women sat in separate divisions.
Martin Tichener was assigned "in the side seats all along," while "Goodwife Tichener" or
"Sister Tichener" was given a seat "on the side, or on both sides of the door." When
the little colony of thirty families from Connecticut settled and established Newark, New
Jersey, they preserved the form of the New England township. The
Pilgrims and Puritans, it will be remembered, were the outgrowth of an
intolerable oppression of the Stuart Kings who reigned in England at
that time. These Kings were afflicted with the same crazy belief that
is held today by the German Kaiser, and which has brought on the pres-
ent world war — the idea of rule by divine right, and that the people
possess no rights to be respected. The people began a struggle for the
principle of "no taxation without representation," which lasted in
various forms until it finally brought on the American Revolution more
than a hundred years later. The attempt also was made by James I
to make every one to conform to the established church of England.
Those who desired to remain members and modify the forms and cere-
monies, or purify the church, were called Puritans. Those who desired
to separate from the church ruled by bishops, and form one governed by
the people (congregation) were imprisoned, or driven from the country,
thus becoming wanderers or Pilgrims. They wished to make their home
under free government, having the noble purposes of God-fearing, liberty-
lovintr men and women. The first Pilgrims sailed in July, 1620, from
Delfshaven, Plolland, in the Speedwell for Southampton, England, where
they joined those on the Mayflower bound for America. Before landing
at Plymouth they signed, in the cabin of the Mayflower, a covenant to
make and support such laws as should be best for all, thus implanting
the doctrine that the people shall rule by democracy. The Puritans
followed their example. Wealthy and influential leaders in Englatid
obtained New England charters and emigrated. Each congregation in
Massachusetts formed a township and built one church or meeting-house,
where all business, church or civil, was transacted. As early as 1631 it was enacted that
none but church members should be admitted as freemen with right to vote. In 1639 under
Rev. Thos. Hooker dissenters from this law, so inconsistent to real freedom and democracy,
removed to Connecticut and united the three towns of Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor
under a system of laws and cvistoms which Gordy, in his "History of the United States,"
says "was the first written constitution in all history upon which a government was buill
up." Tlie New Haven colony was founded in 1638 by a small body of men who based
their laws strictly upon the Bible, and, like the Massachusetts Bay colonists, allowed none
but cliurch members to vote. In 1665 Governor Carteret of New Jersey sent agents into
New Er.glsnd to invite settlers to the new colony, offering liberal terms and concessions.
Barber's "Historic Collections of New Jersey," p. 173, (Published in 1S44), says: "The
God and Godly Government." The agreement made in the cabin of
the Mayflower was not more devout, nor its results scarcely less bene-
ficial. The Mayflower (State of Massachusetts) was indeed the first
born, but her younger sister (New Jersey), who grew up beside the
Passaic, has left a record of life as stimulating to human progress and
as true to truth and duty as her own. Of this company Martin Tiche-
nor was an honored member. While the brief records which come down
to us tell of no official station sought or obtained, they show grants of
land that were made to him for his distinguished services rendered in
times of danger to the infant colony. We know that his social rank
was the best, as, among other alliances, his daughter Hannah married
John Treat, the son of the Governor, and his son John married Sarah
Baldwin, daughter of one of the foremost men of the colony. —
Collections of the New Jersey Historical Society, Vol. VI; Supplement,
pages 4o and i24. — I. T. Tichenor.
DANIEL2, son of Martin Tichenor^, was born in 1656. The chil-
dren named in his will, 1727, were:
iv. Jane Tuttle* (widow)
JOSEPH^ removed from Newark, N. J. (where his grandfather,
Martin Tichenor, setted with the first colony at that place in 1666), to
Morris County. In his will, bearing date of 1761, the children named
Other children were:
town of Newark was settled in the month of May, 1666, by emigrants from Connecticut.
Agents were dispatched from Guilford, Branford and Milford, in Connecticut, to view the
country, and to learn more particularly the terms of purchase, as well as the state of the
Indians in the vicinity. They returned with a favorable report, and were sent back with
power to bargain for a township, to select a proper site for a town, and to make an arrange-
ment for an immediate settlement. These preliminaries being arranged, thirty families from
the above towns and New Haven embarked under the guidance of the exploring agents,
and after a passage as long and tedious as a voyage at this time (1844) across the Atlantic,
arrived in the Passaic river early in the month of May. At this point, however, their
progress was impeded. The Hackensack tribe of Indians, who claimed the soil granted
to the agents of the emigrants by the governor, met them here and opposed their landing,
until full compensation should be made to them. The Indians were justly dealt with, and
kindly treated. The price of the purchase of land forming the original township of Newark,
and the townships of Springfield, Livingston, Orange, Bloomf.eld and Caldv/ell, was £130
New England currency, twelve Indian blankets and twelve Indian guns. The articles
of government which they formed possessed a full portion oi the strict religious spirit of
the people. 'No person could become a freeman or burgess of their town, or vote in its
elections, but such as was a member of some one of the Congregational Churches; nor be
chosen to the magistracy, nor to any other military or civil office.' 'But all others ad-
mitted to be planters, were allowed to inherit and to enjoy all other privileges, save
those above excepted.' " The document v/as signed by twenty-one men of Branford, Oct.
30 1665 and forty-three men of Milford. June 24, 1667, mcluding Martin iichener and
Daniel Tichenor (pp. 17S-176). (The latter was probably a brother, since Martin's son
Daniel was only eleven years of age at that time.) Four Scriptural references were in-
corporated in the document: Deut. I, 13; Exod. XVIII, 21; Deut. XVII, 15; Jer.
DANIEL"^, son of Joseph^, was born in 1742 in Morris County,
N. J. His wife's family name was Wade, by whom he had seven
vii. Elizabeth ° '
These all married and had children except Elizabeth.
This first wife died in 1773, and in 1776 he married Anna, the
widow of Peter Condit, and a daughter of Capt. Ebenezer By ram, of
Mendham, in Morris County.
In 1790 he exchanged his farm in Morris County with Capt. John
Howell for lands on Green River in Ohio County, Kentucky, and in
September, 1790, removed with his family to Kentucky. He was
greatly disappointed in his new purchase. The Green River country
was a wilderness. The only inhabitants were Indians and beasts of the
forest — not a white family within fifty miles. During his life he never
deemed it safe to take his family there, and thus a valuable home in
New Jersey was lost to him and his descendants. Of this tract he
never took possession in person, but bequeathed it to his sons. The
family, with some of their neighbors near Morristown, removed in
wagons to Pittsburgh, where they obtained a boat and descended the
Ohio River to Louisville, whence they proceeded to Nelson County
and built their cabins on Cox's Creek, near Bardstown in that county.
In September, 1795, Daniel Tichenor bought three hundred acres of
land on Plumb Run, in Nelson County, to which he removed in 1796,
and resided there until his death, which occurred on April 12, 1804.
For many years he had been subject to violent attacks of asthma, which
often seemed to threaten him with sudden death. During the intervals
between these attacks he enjoyed comfortable health and led a life
of exemplary piety, temperance and industry. Pie laid out a family
burial ground on his farm in Nelson County, in which his remains,
with those of his widow and many of his children, grandchildren and
neighbors, have been buried. The epitaph on his tombstone is as fol-
lows: "Sacred to the memory of Daniel Tichenor, a native of New
Jersey, who emigrated to Kentucky in 1790. Died April 12, 1804.
Aged 62 years." At home in New Jersey he enjoyed the confidence
and esteem due him as a Christian in faith and practice, continuing
steadfast till death. Some years before the death of his widow she
had a fall by which the neck of the thigh bone was broken, rendering
her a cripple for the residue of her life, which terminated on the eighth
day of July, 1826. The epitaph on her tombstone is : "There is rest
in heaven. Sacred to the memory of Anna, widow of Peter Condit
and of Daniel Tichenor. Born in New Jersey, 1750. Moved to Ken-
tucky, 1790. Died July 8, 1826. Aged 76 years. Tho' dead, she yet
speaketh, saying, T found salvation by the cross.' Reader hast thou?"
The children of this second marriage were :
I. PETER5 (born March 27, 1777; married Frances Cotton
about 1797). They had children who lived to be grown, to-wit:
The father died in 1823. The widow moved to Indiana and settled
II. JARED5, born February 28, 1779. Married Martha Bennett,
1802 or 1803. The children of this marriage who lived to be grown
III. SALLYS, born December, 1731. Married Nicholas Lang-
ford. Their children were:
IV. JON ASS, born August 4, 1784. Married to Sarah Bennett
on the fifth day of January,
1804. Their children were :
The mother died October 11, 1837. Jonas married Susan Neill, of
Mechlenburg County, Kentucky, on the seventeenth day of January,
1839. The children of this second marriage were :
*The Tichenor who was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury under President Harrison
was the son of Ira Tichenor. — I. T. Tichenor.
The second wife died November 3, 1851. He died April 9, 1867,
V. ANNAS, born August 13, 1786. Married Aaron Bryant in
1805 and had children, to- wit :
She died June 6, 1842.
VI. SILAS^, born January 6, 1792. Married Susanna Ruble,
1812, and had following children :
The father died May 26, 1845. The mother died in August, 1853.
These brothers and sisters vv^ere all baptized and received into the
fellowship of the Baptist Church at Bloomfield, Nelson County, Ken-
tucky, and during their lives were exemplary members of the church.
All the brothers were elected officers of the church, and each one of
them was also appointed or elected to some civil office of trust or profit
in the commonwealth.
VII. JAMES5, born October 12, 1794. Married Margaret Ben-
nett on March 31, 1814. She was the daughter of Thomas and Nancy
Bennett, formerly Nancy Tillett, of Virginia. She, Margaret, was the
sister to the wives of Jared and Jonas Tichenor. She led a pious life.
The epitaph on her tombstone gives a truthful epitome of her life and
is as follows : "Margaret, wife of James Tichenor. Born September
16, 1790. Died February 2, 1865. The loving wife. The affectionate
mother. The devoted Christian. She ever made home happy."
The children of James and Margaret Tichenor were :
I. Martha Ann*, born September 29, 1816. Married A. H. McKay
October 19, 1839.
II. Joseph Lapsley*, born September 21, 1818. Married Mary E. Payne
October 12, 1858; had two children:
ii. Mary Eliza'^
Married the second time to Harriet Davidson and had two children :
i. Mabel Rose'
He died in Cloud County, Kansas.
HI. Jared*, born March 8, 1821. Married Elizabeth Beeler, of Hardin
County, Kentucky. Had two children:
i. James Atkinson'
ii. Margaret Elinor'
Died December 24, 1861.
IV. Thomas Bennett', born August 7, 1823. Married Elizabeth Stanley
September 23, 1847. Had the following children :
V. Lizzie' ' '
Died in Fulton, Mo., in 1895.
V. I&AAC Taylor', born November 11, 1825. Married Monimia C. Cook
in Montgomery, Ala., December 16, 1853. Had two children :
i. Mary Belle'
This wife died February 9, 1860. Mary Belle married Chas. H.
Barnes November 11, 1874. They had one child, Annie Kate Barnes,
who now lives in Opelika, Ala. Mary Belle died November 19, 1910.
Kate married J. S. Dill on September 11, 1879. She and her husband
live in Gaffney, S. C.
Isaac Taylor Tichenor was married the second time in April,
1861, his wife being Emily C. Boykin. The children of this marriage
ii. Samuel Boykin'
Both of these children died when quite young. This wife died
September 7, 1864.
His third wife v/as Lulah Boykin, whom he married in October,
1865. The children of this marriage were :
i. James Boykin', who died when a child, and
ii. Emily Lulah', who on November 11, 1891, was married
to Thomas Cobb Whitner and is now living in Atlanta,
Ga. Of this marriage there are two children : Thomas
Cobb Whitner, Jr., born February 7, 1893, and James
Tichenor Whitner, born January 20, 1896.
Dr. Tichenor's third wife died on September 13, 1869.
His fourth wife was Mrs. Eppie Reynolds McCraw, who died
in 1878. By this marriage there was one child :
i. Walker Reynolds', who now lives in Atlanta, Ga.
Dr. Isaac Taylor Tichenor was pastor of Baptist churches in
Columbus, Miss. ; Henderson, Ky. ; Montgomery, Ala., and Memphis,
Tenn. He was a chaplain in the Confederate army. He was the
first president of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute, at Auburn, Ala.,
holding this position from 1872 to 1882. He was corresponding sec-
retary of the Home Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Con-
vention from 1882 to 1902. He died December 2, 1902.
SILAS TICHEN0R6, born January 25, 1828. Married Fannie
Beckham, of Washington County, Kentucky, June 29, 1853. Had two
i. Martha Caroline^
ii. NiMROD Beckham'
Married second time to Mrs. Lavinia Wild. Had two children
i. Florence May' and
ii. Fannie Mabel',
who were born on December 3, 1869.
JAMES LEWIS TICKENOR6, born March 23, 1830. Married
December 16, 1863, to Roxie Cooper. Married second time to Mrs.
Louisa A. Melvin, of Boonville, Mo. Had children :
i. James Leslie'
ii. Charles Allen'
iii. William Lewis'
He died September, 1897. Was pastor of the churches at New-
port and Lancaster, Ky., and Westport, Dover and Boonville, Mo.
(The foregoing constitutes the historical record by Rev. L T. Tichenor,
furnished by his son, W. R. Tichenor. — R. B. T.)
JACOB TICHENORS, son of Daniel^ and wife, Elizabeth Wade,
was born about 1765, in Morris County, New Jersey. He was married
to Elizabeth Ramy.
(Probably other children)
Jacob, it is said, was a sea captain. Later he settled near Mt.
Carmi, White County, III, going by boat down the Ohio River from
Pittsburgh. He died young. His widow married a second time to a
Mr. Catlin. Three sons, Thaddeus, Abraham and Nathaniel, resided in
Illinois, near Shawnee, on the Wabash River. Isaac, another son, set-
tled in Brown County, Ohio, near Ripley, adjoining the county in
which was born Ulysses S. Grant.
Isaac Teachenor (Tichenor) and His Descendants
ISAAC TEACHENOR6 (Tichenor), son of Jacob TichenorS and
Elizabeth (Ramy), b. November 20, 1801; d. October 24, 1867; m.
July 18, 1822, to Matilda Stivers, b. October 5, 1803. Resided near
I. George Washington', b. April 24, 1825; d. January 19, 1896; m.
September 27, 1854, to Lucinda Summers, b. July 8, 1833, d.
April 15, 1914.
II. Lafayette', b. February 20, 1827 ; d. July 22, 1853.
III. Lydia', b. November 16, 1828; m. Mitchell Johnston.
IV. Nathaniel Ramy', b. July 10, 1831 ; d. May 1, 1909.
V. Samuel Jackso'n', b. September 17, 1833.
VI. Jasper Newton', b. July 12, 1835 ; d. March 8, 1893.
VII. Mary Ann', b. May 30, 1837 ; m. J. L. Bailie.
Matilda, wife of Isaac, died November 17, 1838.
Isaac married Susan Meseritz July 16, 1840, b. August 17, 1814,
d. February 14, 1881.
I. Louise', b. March 13, 1841 ; d. January 14, 1865.
II. Greenleaf Norton', b. September 22, 1842.
III. Henry Wharton', b. April 25, 1844.
GEORGE WASHINGTON TEACHENOR^, son of Isaac^ and
Matilda (Stivers), b. Ripley, Ohio, April 24, 1825; d. in Kansas City,
Mo., January 19, 1896; m. September 27, 1854, to Lucinda Summers,
who died in Kansas City, Mo., April 15, 1914.
I. George Jasper', b. May 11, 1855.
II. Emerine Baldwin', b. July 19, 1857; m. June 9, 1881, to John A.
Sharp; d. 1883.
i. Mabel Clare", b. July 31, 1883; m. October 9, 1907, to
William Bargoon Parsell, b. September 26, 1867.
i. Jack Rogers", b. August 2, 1909.
ii. William Terry", b. July 19, 1917.
Married November 11, 1891, to George Ide Draper, b. Septem-
ber 26, 1859.
i. Henry Stivers', b. July 29, 1894; d. July 31, 1917.
III. Richard Bennington*, b. March 6. 1864.
IV. Zella', b. August 5, 1870; m. September 27, 1893, to Jett Stephen
Rogers, b. November 21, 1871.
i. Infant SoN^ b. July 28; d. August 3, 1894.
ii. Ruth May\ b. August 13, 1897.
iii. Howard Jett', b. October 25, 1899.
iv. Dorothy Zella°, b. November 24, 1901.
V. DwiGHT Baldwin', b. December 9, 1873.
VI. J. Riley', b. December 30, 1879.
He removed from Ripley, Ohio, in 1854, to Iowa. He was a dry-
goods and tobacco merchant. Owing to failing health, he sought the
more open life of a farmer. He entered a section of land in Taylor
County, Iowa, upon which he resided for many years. The lure of
mercantile life, however, caused him to re-enter it. He was interested
at one time in three stores in Iowa, at Bedford, Clarinda and Fairfield.
He removed to Northwest Missouri in 1869, owning farms, timber
land and stores in DeKalb and Clinton counties, until the panic of 1873
dealt him a serious financial blow. He afterwards lived at Stewartville,
Kidder and Stanberry, Mo., and Des Moines, Iowa, going in 1886 to
Kansas City, where he died in 1896.
GEORGE JASPER TEACHENOR^, son of George Washington^
and Lucinda (Summers), b. May 11, 1855, at Fairfield, Iowa; m. at
Kidder, Mo., April 22, 1878, to Harriet Rebecca Fairley, b. January 9,
1857. Resides at Princeton, Mo.
I. Lj^wis BuRRELL*, b. March 29, 1879; d. April 21, 1909; m. July 30,
1902, to Mary Edna Hamilton.
i. Harriet Josephine"*, b. March 21. 1904.
ii. Mary Lucinda", b. August 5, 1905.
iii. Bessie Leona'", b. March 15, 1908.
II. Lixxie Adell', b. August 9, 1881 ; d. February 13. 1901 ; m. November
21, 1898, to John Kirkpatrick Hunt.
III. Effte Estella', b. February 26, 1884; m. July 16, 1902, to John
i. Ona Lucile'", b. July 2, 1904.
ii. Mabel Irene'", b. February 9, 1908; d. July 23, 1910.
iii. Mildred Esther'", b. February 1, 1911.
iv. Thelma Edith'", b. August 26, 1915.
IV. George Benjamin', b. February 11, 1887; m. February 18, 1905, to
V/illah Cordelia Cox.
i. Blanche Elnora'", b. April 14, 1907.
ii. Frances Marie'", b. August 12, 1910.
Willah Cordelia, wife of George Benjamin, died March 16, 1915.
He was married a second time, June 12, 1915, to Mary Ann Thomas.
V. Leona Ethel", b. January 23, 1889; m. December 12, 1917, to Glenn
RICHARD BENNINGTON TEACHENOR^, son of George
Washington -^ and Lucinda (Summers), b. at Bedford, Iowa, March 6,
1864; m. in Kansas City. Mo., February 1, 1887, to Mary Catherine
Givauden (daughter of William Jackson Givauden), b. at Gentryville,
Mo., August 31, 1867.
I. Dr. Frank Randall', b. September 1, 1888.
II. Dix% b. June 4, 1892.
In 1870 the family removed to Northwest Missouri. He attended
fhe Perry Academy at Stewartsville, Mo., and the public schools at
that place, Kidder, Mo., and elsewhere, graduating in 1880. During
vacations he learned the printing trade in News office at Stewartsville.
Foreman Stanberry Sentinel 1881. Became one of the publishers of
Stanberry News in 1883. Published, in 1882-83, an amateur paper,
the Amateur Exchange, which was later known as the Exchange-
Journal, and published from Judsonia, Ark., and Chicago for five years.
Elected one of the vice-presidents of National Amateur Press Asso-
ciation at Detroit convention, 1883. He removed that year to George-
town, Colo., where he was editor of the Courier from 1883 to 1886,
when he removed to Kansas City, where he has since resided. Estab-
lished engraving department of Inter-State Publishing Co. in 1889.
In 1891, in partnership with Mr. E. G. Bartberger, established the
Teachenor-Bartberger Engraving Co., of which he is president. Mr.
Roger Cunningham joined the organization in 1893. It is now one of
the oldest engraving companies in business in the United States. Being
one of the pioneers in photo-engraving, Mr. Teachenor has taken an
active part in standardizing the industry, the company being one
of the charter members of the International Association of Photo-
Engravers. He delivered the opening addresses at Boston and New
York conventions in 1911 and 1914, and had technical papers at con-
ventions at Indianapolis, Chicago and Philadelphia in 1912, 1915 and
1916. Belongs to the Fossils, an unique national club of ex-amateur
editors, among whom are Secretary Daniels, Chas. Scribner, and many
others who later became famous. Has been a member of advisory
board of Graphic Arts Organization for eight years and secretary of
the Kansas City Printers' Supply Club for twelve years. Is a thirty-
second degree Mason and Shriner. Presbyterian. Member : Kansas
City Athletic Club, City Club, Chamber of Commerce, T. P. A., Mis-
souri Press Association, Kansas City Ad Club, Engravers' Club.
DR. FRANK RANDALL TEACHENOR^, son of Richard B.s
and Mary C. (Givauden), b. in Kansas City, Mo., September 1, 1888.
Graduate Manual Training High School and University of Kansas
School of Medicine. Served one year as interne, Kansas City General
Hospital, and five years as assistant to the eminent surgeon, Dr. Jabez
N. Jackson, of Kansas City. Lecturer on physiology to nursing corps,
St. Luke's, Wesley and Christian Church Hospitals. Member surgical
staff Kansas City General Hospital. Member : American, Missouri
and Jackson County Medical Associations, Rockhill Tennis Club, Ivan-
hoe Masonic Lodge, Kansas City Chapter, R. A. M., Kansas City
Council of Select Masters, Kansas City Commandery, K. T. and
Ararat Temple A. A. O. N. M. S. Presbyterian. Commissioned First
Lieutenant, Medical Reserve Corps, U. S. Army, serving at Fort Riley,
Camp Dodge, Fort McPherson and Newport News. Member of the
first class in course of brain, thoracic and spinal cord surgery under
War Department at University of Pennsylvania. Now serving on
surgical staff, U. S. A., Base Hospital No. 28, American Expeditionary
DIX TEACHENOR9, son of Richard B.8 and Mary C. (Givau-
den), b. in Kansas City, Mo., June 4, 1892. Graduate of Westport
High School and University of Kansas. Active in athletics. Holder
of high school championships in basketball and tennis. Three years
Kansas 'varsity tennis captain, winning conference meets, Kansas,
Missouri, Nebraska and Iowa. Later, as member of Kansas City Ath-
letic Club, winner of more than twenty tennis trophies and cups, in-
cluding those of Mid-Continent, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Valley,
Ivanhoe and Greater Kansas City. National ranking 1915 Class 1
doubles and Class 7 singles. Member K. U. Zoology Club. In Junior
year classified "Birds of Kansas" for Bulletin and assisted in collec-
tion of mammals and specimens for University Museum. Fraternity:
Sigma Chi. Baptist. Freemason. Connected with home office Kansas
City Life Insurance Co. Sergeant in U. S. A. Base Hospital No. 28,
American Expeditionary Forces, France.
DWIGHT BALDWIN TEACHENOR*, son of George Wash-
ington''' and Lucinda (Summers), b. Stewartsville, Mo., December 9,
1873; m. Letitia Margaret Barr, Kansas City, Mo., June 1, 1893.
I. Edna Marie", b. August 21, 1895; m. February 8, 1913, to Herbert
II. Monroe Summers', b. September 4, 1897; m. May 9, 1918, to Martha
Thomas, of California, and resides in Oklahoma City.
III. Dale Barr», b. December 18, 1899.
J. RILEY TEACHENOR8, son of George Washington^ and Lu-
cinda (Summers), b. December 30, 1879; m. in Kansas City, Mo.,
June 14, 1905, to Hazel McCoy.
I. Helen% b. December 21, 1906.
NATHANIEL RAMY TEACHENOR^, son of Isaac^ and Ma-
tilda (Stivers), b. July 10, 1831; d. May 1, 1909; m. August 15, 1855,
to Sarah Glasscock, b. March 6, 1830, d. March 28, 1900. Resided at
I. Isaac Lemuel*, b. June 30, 1856.
II. Anna Belle% b. May 22, 1859; d. July 15, 1883; m. February 18,
1882, to Wm. Taylor.
i. Harry H.», b. July 9, 1883 ; d. September 2, 1883.
III. Alphius Marion\ b. October 11, 1861; d. infant.
IV. MoNROE^ b. October 5, 1863.
V. William Amos% b. December 16, 1866; d. April 30, 1891; m. Lillian
i. Hazelle Gertrude', b. March 2, 1890.
VI. Sarah Dee', b. 1870; d. infant.
VII. Lilly Dale', b. March 31 1873; m. December 24, 1898, to Paul F.
i. Harold Raymond', b. July 21, 1899.
ISAAC LEMUEL TEACHENOR^, son of Nathaniel Ramy7 and
Sarah (Glasscock), b. in Ohio, June 30, 1856; m. Harriet Agnes Har-
bison October 22, 1884. His boyhood was spent in Newark, Mo. He
resided for many years at Clayton, 111., where he was a druggist and
a banker. His penmanship was an accomplishment of the highest
order, having the ability to write in almost a perfect copperplate style.
He was held in high esteem among his fellow men, being an affable,
genial, kindly and generous man, whose charity, sympathy and friend-
ship were put into practice for the service of his fellow men. He died
April 22, 1914.
MONROE TEACHENOR8, son of Nathaniel Ramy^ and Sarah
(Glasscock), b. October 5, 1863; m. Harriet Ann Parsons September
I. Homer Cresap% b. July 10, 1887.
II. Fred Wainwright', b. February 16, 1890. In military service, France.
III. Lotus Belle", b. November 20, 1892.
IV. Ivan Brooks*, b. July 19, 1S96. In military service, France.
He spent his boyhood in Newark, Mo., and for several years was
a merchant. For nearly thirty years he has been a traveling salesman
for a St. Louis wholesale dry-goods concern. He resides at Shelbina,
HOMER CRESAP TEACHENOR^ son of Monroe^ and Harriet
(Parsons), b. at Shelbina, Mo., July 10, 1887; m. October 11, 1911, to
Helen Cave, b. July 12, 1890.
I. OcTAViA Cave'", b. July 26, 1912.
He is a merchant and resides at Shelbina, Mo.
JASPER NEWTON TEACHENOR^, son of Isaac^ and Matilda
(Stivers), b. July 12, 1835; died at Bedford, Iowa, March 8, 1893;
m. Sarah Prideaux, at Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1872.
I. Nellie Gertrude', b. March 1, 1873; m. in 1895, to Ed. Gaumer;
resides in Denver, Colo.
II. Charles Prideaux*, b. in 1874; d. January, 1893.
GREENLEAF NORTON TEACHENOR^, son of Isaac^ and
Susan (Meseritz), b. September 22, 1842; m. October 27, 1868, to
Sarah Elizabeth Holton.
I. Bertha Pearce', b. February 17, 1870 ; d. December 13, 1910.
II. LuTA P.% b. March 7, 1872.
III. Hoi.TON Calendar*, b. September 25, 1873; d. August 23, 1917.
IV. Dr. Kirker Royden*, b. October 20, 1875.
V. Mary Stanley*, b. February 8, 1880 ; m. June 14, 1905, to Harry L.
(Peebles, Cincinnati, Ohio.
i. Mary Holton', b. April 22, 1906.
Greenleaf Teachenor resided in Brown County, Ohio, all his life
until recently when he removed to Norwood (Cincinnati). He led an
active life. In a letter to the writer, in 1907, his daughter. Bertha, said :
"Father owns the old Teachenor homestead, which is three miles from
our home at Decatur. The road between the two farms is largely
rocky hills and hollows, with a creek to cross, but he rides horseback
to this place on an average of twice a week and looks after his stock
and tenants. Our present home, Woodlawn, is a short distance east
of the little village of Decatur. The house is an old-fashioned brick with
a large lawn and beautiful old forest trees." He served three years
in the Civil War in the Ninety-first Ohio Infantry, under Col. James
A. Turley of Portsmouth, Ohio; was in Virginia all three years with
the Eighth Corps, Army of West Virginia, the last year in the Shenan-
doah Valley under General Phil Sheridan, participating in the famous
battle of Cedar Creek ; also in the battle of Lynchburg, marching across
the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains ; fought in many other
smaller battles, and was honorably discharged at the close of the War.
While he was never an officer, he is familiarly known as "The Colonel"
to every one because of a certain military appearance and his intense
DR. KIRKER ROYDEN TEACHENOR^, son of Greenleaf^
and Susan (Meseritz), b. October 20, 1875; m. June 15, 1906, to
Elizabeth Chloe Barger. Resides at Leesburg, Highland County, Ohio.
HOLTON CALENDAR TEACHENOR^, son of Greenleaf^ and
Susan (Meseritz), b. September 25, 1873; d. August 23, 1917; m.
August 20, 1908, to Celeste Woodburn Curtis Hufford.
I. WoLDEANE L.\ b. March 1, 1913.
He resided at Washington Court House, Ohio.
HENRY WHARTON TEACHENOR^, son of Isaac« and
Susan (Meseritz), b. April 25, 1844; m. January 14, 1867, to Laura
Belle Wells, daughter of Judge J. M. Wells. She was born July 12,
1849, and died April 17, 1915.
I. Dr. V/ells% b. September 5, 1869.
II. Clara Louisa*, b. August 13, 1874; m. F. V. Kirschner, Manchester,
i. Frederick, Jr.9, b. February 27, 1900.
III. MABEL^ b. June 10, 1878; d. April 29, 1911 ; m. Dr. Sickles.
IV. BLAINE^ b. February 4, 1886; m. Mabel Barmington.
i. James J.^, b. March 18, 1918.
Henry Teachenor was born in Brown County, Ohio, and resides
at Manchester, Ohio. He saw service in the Union Army under Gen-
eral Phil. Sheridan, and is now commander, wath the rank of Colonel,
of the only G. A. R. Post in Adams County, Ohio.
DR. WELLS TEACHENOR8, son of Henry W.^ and Laura
(Wells), b. September 5, 1869.
I. Galen Henry*. Now ser^'ing in France as Sergeant.
II. Margaret Virginia"
III. Dr. Wells H., Jr.* In Medical Reserve Corps.
IV. Martha Allen'
All reside in Columbus, Ohio.
SAMUEL JACKSON TEACHENOR^ son of Isaac« and
Matilda (Stivers), b. September 17, 1833, d. in Seattle, Washington,
in 1902. His wife, Frances, died March 7, 1900.
I. Belle% m. to Mr. Smith. She died in Zumbrota, Minn., Jan. 17, 1917.
i. Mason", resides at Seven Center, Minn., and has three
ii. Manzo", resides at Sumner, Iowa, and has one child,
iii. Bessie", resides at Zumbrota, Minn., is married to Mr.
Brown and has one son, Lowell".
iv. Chris*, resides at Zumbrota, Minn., and has one child.
V. Elmer, now in military service.
II. Ernest', resides at Lewiston, Idaho.
i. Dora", married to Mr. Iver, and has three children,
Teachenor", Pearl'" and Iola'°.
ii. Ernest, Jr.®, now in military service.
Also three daughters living in Centralia, Washington.
III. Mary A.', m. Mr. Moore, who died in Georgetown, 111., May 10, 1900.
i. 'Nellie", m. to Mr. Spang, and resides at Danville, 111.
i. Clarence", b. 1908.
ii. Helen", b. 1910.
ii. Robert P.", residing in Greensburg, Pa.
iii. pRANas L.", residing in Seattle, Washington.
LYDIA TEACHENOR', daughter of Isaac* and Matilda (Stiv-
ers), b. November 16, 1828; m. April 13, 1848, to Mitchell Johnston.
She died May 11, 1888. He died January 16, 1897, near Fredonia, Kas.
I. Sarah Ann', b. January 9, 1849; m. William Emmerson September
10, 1871. Five children. Resides at Arriba, Colo.
II. Isaac Ramy% b. January 9, 1851 ; m. Laura Stretch February 10, 1875.
She d. January 12, 1913. Three children and eleven grandchil-
dren. Resides at Graymont, 111. Is in real estate and insurance
III. Francis ELVENA^ b. December 7, 1852; d. March 15, 1896. No chil-
IV. Mary Agnes', b. September 27, 1856 ; m. to Charles Newton. One
daughter and two grandchildren. Resides at Coj^ille, Kan.
V. John Mitchell', b. ]\Iay 19, 1859. He died from an accident May
29, 1909. Was married and had nine children, of whom, eight are
living. Five grandchildren.
VI. George Wilbur*, b. September 23, 1861. Single. Resides at Anthony,
VII. Wiley Hellingsworth', b. October 23, 1864; d. April 8, 1910. Widow
and five children living
MARY ANN TEACHENOR\ daughter of Isaac' and Matilda
(Stivers), b. May 30, 1837; m. J. L. Bailie April 4, 1861 ; d. June 9,
I. Ida*, b. February 10, 1862; d. May 18, 1912; m. N. L. Malony October
II. Lutie', b. March 21, 1863; m. D. M. Brubaker June 24, 1880.
Side-Lights on Related and Collateral Lines
(Lineage Book of D. A. R., Vol. 19, p. 172.)
Daniel Tichenor was a private in the Essex Militia and rose to the rank of
Lieutenant in the Second Regiment. His brothers, David and Isaac, also gave
(Ihid, Vol. 32, p. 52.)
Daniel Tichenor (1742-1807) served in the Morris County, New Jersey,
Militia. He was born in Newark, N. J. Died in Nelson County, Kentucky.
(Official Register of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolu-
Tichenor, John, First Battalion, Second Establishment ; also Militia.
Tichenor, Zenas, Capt. Morris' company, First Battalion, Second Estab-
Tichenor, Daniel, Lieutenant, Militia.
Tichenor, David, Lieutenant, Second Regiment, Essex.
Tichenor, Martin, Ensign, Capt. Baldwin's company, "Eastern Battalion,"
Tichenor, Caleb, Second Regiment, Essex ; Corporal, ditto ; Sergeant, ditto.
Tichenor, Elijah, Essex.
Tichenor, Isaac, Morris.
Tichenor, Isaac, Capt. Pierson's company, Second Regiment, Essex.
Tichenor, Jabez, Essex.
Tichenor, John, Captain Lyon's company, Second Regiment, Essex; also
State troops ; wounded January 1, 1777. Also Continental Army.
Tichenor, Jonathan, Morris.
Tichenor, Joseph, Essex.
Tichenor, Joseph, Capt. Josiah Pierson's company. Second Regiment, Essex.
Tichenor, Moses, Essex.
Tichenor, Samuel, Morris.
Tichenor, Morris, Essex.
Tichenor, Zenus, Essex.
Tichenor, Zopher, Essex.
(From N. J. Col. Documents.)
Will of John Tichenor, of Newark. Wife, Hannah ; son, Martin, and ex-
pected child. Real and personal property. The wife executrix, with brothers.
Ensign John Treat and Daniel Tichenor, as overseers. Witnesses : John
Browen, John Treat, Johnathan Tichenor. Proved September 10, 1695.
1681— October 19.
Last Avill and testament of Martin Tichanor. Children : John, Daniel, Sam-
uel, Jonathan, Abigail, son-in-law John Treat. Real and personal estate. Execu-
tor, son John.
(Savage's N. E. Genealogy, p. 300.)
]\Iartin Tickenor, New Haven, Ct., took oath of fidelity August 5, 1644. M.
May 16, 1651, Mary Charles.
1. John, b. April 14, 1653.
2. Abigail, Februar>' 1, 1655.
3. Daniel, October 9, 1656.
4. Hannah, March 13, 1659.
5. Samuel, October 14, 1660.
There is a Tichenor street in Newark, N. J., also a Tichenor avenue in
C. O. Tichenor.
HON. CHARLES O. TICHENOR.
Charles O. Tichenor' was born at Appleton, Wisconsin, January 6, 1842; died in Kan-
sas City, Mo., October 8, 1915. He came to Kansas City in J 865, after serving in the Civil
War, entering into partnership with Major Warner, later United States Senator from Mis-
souri. A daughter, Mrs. W. A. Knotts, Hves in Kansas City ; a sister, Mts. Emma Gibbs,
resides at Elgin, 111. A brother. Hon. Isaac Newton Tichenor', is a well known citizen
of Keokuk, Iowa. Mr. Tichenor s father was Charles Orlando Tichenor*. bom in Newark,
N. J.. December 1, 1810; died in Keokuk, Iowa, March 10, 1886; his grandfather was Isaac
Coe Tichenor'^, who died in Newark, N. J., in 1850; his great grandfather was Daniel
It has been said that the history of a nation is written
in the biography of men. This is strikingly true of the
profession of the law ; and no name in the history of our
profession in Missouri reflects the glory of the law more
than that of the late Charles O. Tichenor, the lawyer's
lawyer — and the Dean of our profession.
His fame as a lawyer and jurist are known through-
out the State and, indeed, the A'Jiddle West.
He was able, fearless, scholarly, and possessed a mag-
nificent intellectuality and learning, which seemed to me
to sweep the whole field of mental endeavor. He spurned
and despised all forms of sham and deceit, but all in this
world that appealed to him as real and genuine, he genu-
inely loved. The world in which he moved, loved, re-
spected and admired him.
To attain such eminence, both as a lawyer and as a
man, to write such legal opinions that they are pointed
out as the best expressions of the law, is indeed endur-
Modesty, his leading personal 'characteristic, caused him to shun the lime-
light at all times. So far as my memory serves me (and I knew him for nearly
thirty years), Mr. Tichenor refused every public office, save that of the Presi-
dency of the Kansas City Bar Association. He enjoyed the distinction of being the
only lawyer to serve more than one term as the head of our Bar Association.
As a member of the committee delegated to urge this second honor upon Mr.
Tichenor, I well remember that memorable meeting with him in his oEfice.
Upon our persistent refusal to accept a negative reply, he at last accepted
the committee's invitation, and was thereafter unanimoush' elected 'president of
the association for a second term.
Mr. Tichenor never betrayed a trust and, in fact, is the only man whose
name I never heard a breath of suspicion about, in any way. It is related
of him that a client once expressed a desire to have him engage in unethical
methods to win a dishonest law suit. Mr. Tichenor replied that "his boss
wouldn't let him do that," and therefore he could not consider engaging in that
kind of work. His client expressed surprise that anybody could boss him, Mr.
Tichenor, and inquired his name. "The devilish little fellow that controls
and bosses me in the last analysis is called Conscience ; I never can get away
from him, I find."
To be held in universal admiration and respect and in loving memory by
the hosts of friends who mourn his loss, would add lustre to the name of any
man. These memories have clustered about the name of the Hon. Charles O.
Tichenor, and no man was ever more worthy of them.
"To live in the minds and the hearts we leave behind is not to die."
His life was an inspiration to us all and furnished a model, after which
all lawyers may well pattern their lives.
Elmer N. Powell,
Pres. K C. Bar Assn., 1915.
Judge J. E. Guinotte, a warm personal friend of the late Charles O.
Tichenor from early boyhood and a member of the Committee that arranged
that memorable banquet in his honor in 1914, on the occasion of his 70th birth-
day, paid a beautiful tribute to him in the interesting address he delivered be-
fore the Missouri Bar Association, in September, 1915.
Judge Guinotte said, in part :
Kis personality impressed everyone in a way that was good and lasting. He was strong
in his friendship and the affection and feeling that existed between him and his law part-
ners, Major Warner and Mf. Dean, was baautiful.
In a letter written last November to Mr. Gardiner Lathrop, referring to them and to
Judge Gibson, Mr. W. H. Lucas, General Milton Moore, Judge Gill and Mr. W. S. Cow-
herd, be said :
"As I grow older, if possible my friendship for them grows stronger, and I spend
many a pleasant hour with them and you in my thoughts. The memory of my 'coming
home' reception v/ill be ' with me constantly in the short time I am likely to live, and my
heart goes out to all who were there. I feel there was nothing perfunctory about it, and
the labor of those young fellows who worked so hard to make it such a delightful success
was a most touching and affectionate tribute to an old man whose race is about run."
For those who had been students* in his office he always had a good wish and a kind
word, and to them his advice and precepts were very valuable.
Mr. Tichenor hated hypocrisy, and religious hypocrisy the most of all, but his re-
marks were always directeci against hypocrisy — not the religion. He and the Rev. Dr.
Cheever, who is lovingly remembered by our old citizens, were warm personal friends. He
had the greatest respect for that grand old pioneer priest, Father Donnelly. Once in a
controversy over some land which one of his clients had purchased from the Catholic Church,
he said to his client : "I will not sue, but I will write the facts to Archbishop Kenrick.
I know he will do what is right." In less than a week he received a most gracious reply
from the Archbishop, thanking him for his courtesy and confidence, and enclosing a check
for the amount. Mr. John A. Sea, who was his chosen companion on many of his out-
ings, tells me that whether on the Nepigon for trout, on the Madison for grayling, or
on Aransas Pass for tarpon, when Sunday came Mt. Tichenor always put up his rod.
The Rev. Carl Reed Taylor, Rector of St. John's i Episcopal Church, who has known
him since 1907, and who visited him during his last illness and conducted his burial service,
says : "I called on Mr. Tichenor as soon as I came to Kansas City, at the request of Judge
Brown of Minnesota, one of my best friends with whom Mr. Tichenor used to fish. He
always made me feel that I was a welcome guest, and we got to be very well acquainted,
and I grew to like and respect him very much. I felt much honored by his acquaintance,
and feel that, although without outward profession, he possessed the faith in God and His
His companionship was everything that was delightful and instn.ictive ; his wit was
genial and wholesome. He dearly loved humor that was unexpected, and, as he used to
say, "kind of remote." I will relate some stories that he most thoroughly enjoyed:
"In 1878 he, with Judge Gibson, Gardiner Lathrop, Wallace Laws, Con Murphy and
myself went from here to St. Louis in a row boat belonging to Mr. Laws, who was then
Clerk of our Circuit Court. This trip cemented a friendship which will last as long as any
of us live. Mr. Laws died in 1909. Some time before his death he had to go to the
L'niversity Hospital for a very serious operation. Mr. Lathrop came from Chicago and
we all went to the hospital to see him. Wallace told us that his minister, whom we dearly
loved, and who had just left, had said: 'Brother Laws, you will get well; but if you
don't, remember that Heaven is your home.' To which he replied: 'I know that, but I
am not a bit homesick.' "
Another is a story of the old Virginia Colonel, who kindly reprimanded a young Vir-
ginian for asking a man if he was from Virginia. He said : "Never ask a man if he is
from Virginia. If he is, he will tell you — if he is not, don't humiliate him."
He most thoroughly enjoyed the reply of Mr. Pat Corrigan in a suit by a former mana-
ger against a Kansas City horseman whose racing stable was rated much higher here than
abroad. This suit was defended by Mr. Tichenor's old friend, Mr. John C. Gage. Mr.
Corrigan, a very conscientious man, testified as far as he could fairly do for the plaintiff.
He was not cross-examined by Mr. Gage, and was about to leave the stand when plaintiff's
attorney said: "Mr. Corrigan, Mr. M's stable was a very fine one?" "Well, it was a
pretty good stable." "Mr. Corrigan, was it not one of the best stables in the United
States?" He answered: "Well, the handicappers did not seem to think so."
He was fond of water sports and of hunting, and his delight in them was akin to that
of a boy. One morning in 1880 Mr. T. B. Bullene came to the office and said : "Tichenor,
I have a canoe down the Kaw river at Captain Bums's, where you folks keep your row
boat, and I am going down at 3 o'clock and try it." Mr. Tichenor said to me: "Mr.
Bullene was a crack canoeist when he was a boy. Get Gibson and Lathrop and Con Mur-
phy and we will go down this afternoon and see if he still is on the job." We did. and
the stunts Mr. Eullene performed would delight some of our present day local experts, and
we have some mighty good ones.
On the Saturday follov/ing we had the privilege of seeing Mr. Bullene's son, Fred C,
then a rosy-cheeked boy, until recently the genial cashier of the City Center Banl:, no
through a stunt which the young banker doubtless remembers to this day.
Of course, being filled with pri'ie at the aquatic skillfulness of his father, the boy, like
a real chip of the old block, sought to give us an exhibition of what he could do. He
jumped into the canoe and promptly turned over in about a foot of water and two feet of
soft mud. When rescued by his surprised and sympathetic audience, he was a sight to be-
hold, being plastered from head to foot v/ith the soft, dripping mud of the river. But the
most impressive part of this episode came later, when young Fred was perem.ptorily re-
quested by the two pretty girl,5, that he had brought with him, to ride on the front platform
of the street car all the way home, so he couldn t contaminate anything except the patient
mules and the helpless driver.
Wild turkey, duck and jacksnipe were his favorite game, with the jacVisnipe a little in
the lead, and many a delightful day he and Mr. Scott Harrison spent in this pursuit.
*Some of the most prominent members of our bar are comprised in the list of these
studentsj among others. Judge James Gibson, R. J. Ingraham, Judge J. E. Guinotte, the
late Wm. S. Cowherd, Frank Gudfjell, E. D. Ellison, Jules C. Rosenberger, J. G. Smart;
it was Mr. Tichenor's custom to give an annual dinner to these old students at his home.
— E. N. P.
THE NATIONAL CYCLOPAEDIA
TICHENOB, Isaac, fourth and sixth governor
of Vermont (1797-1807 and 1808-09), was born at
Newark, N. J., Feb. 8, 1754. Of his parentage and
early life the records are meagre. He was graduated
at Princeton College in 1775 and studied law at Schen-
ectady, N. Y. While there, in 1777, he was com-
missioned assistant to Commissary-Gen. Cuyler, in
the purchase of supplies for the northern department.
Ill the summer of that year he went to Bennington,
Vt , where he collected supplies, the hope of captur-
ing which deluded Burgoyne into the ill-fated ex
pedition thither. Tichenor was on his way to Al-
bany with a drove of cattle, when tidings of Bur-
goyne's presence in the vicin-
ity were transmitted to him.
He returned immediately,
reaching Bennington on the
evening of Aug. 17th, at the
close of the conflict Ben-
nington had attractions for
Tichenor, und he made it his
home thereafter, except when
duty rendered his absence
compulsory. In the purchase
of army supplies lie incurred
pecuniary obligations which
harrassed him for many years.
He opened a law office in
Bennington in 1778 He was
town representative from 1781
to 1784, speaker in the house
in 17S3, and an agent to con-
gress in 1782-83, and undei
the act passed in 1789 he was
a commissioner to determine
the terms of settlement with New York Tichenor's
affable manners and keen judgment had made him
one of tiie most popular men in the state He was a
judge of the supreme court from 1791 to 1796, and
chief justice in 1795-96, when he was chosen to till
out the term of Sen Moses Robinson, on his resigna
tion. The following year he was elected for a full
term of six years He was also elected governor
and preferring the latter office resigned his senator
ship to accept it Tichenor was a Federalist and
parties were so evenly divided that no choice of gov
ernor was arrived at by the people, but he was elected
in the legislature by a large majority He served
eleven years continuously as governor, 1797 to 1809
except 1807 when he was defeated by the Democrals
under the leadership of Israel Smith In 1814
he was again elected a U S senator, and served
until 1821 when the Federalists disappeared from
politics and be retired to private life Thus it is seen
he was a resident of the state all through its existence
as an independent republic, coming on the stage of
political activity at or near the close of that interest-
ing period. He was m the public service a leader
in his party thirty eight out of the forty four years
between 1777 and 1821 Gov Tichenor has been
characterized by a contemporary as a gentleman of
fine personal appearance, insinuating manners and
more than ordinary ability He had a strong will,
was a good debater and in the senate was a man of
marked influence " In 1799 the legislature of Ver-
mont by a unanimous vote adopted a resolution, the
author of which was the leader of the opposition in
the house thanking him for the happy and speedy
settlement he had effected with Canada in the diffi
culty over the arrest by American officers of a fugi
live on British soil. The kindliness of his heart is
i]]iistrat(.^d in his letter to .Jonas Galusha, his success-
ful competitor for the governorship in 1809 ' I
lender " he says, 'in great sincerity, my best ser-
vices in any matter that may relate to the duties of
your office, or shall have a tendency to promote the
interests of oui country " Mr Tichenor was emi-
nently social in his instincts, delighted in field sports,
and was noted for his devotion to the pursuits of tlie
angler and the hunter until he was overtaken by the
infirmities of age. He died at Bennington, Dec. 11,
1838, leaving no descendants.
SMITH, Israel, fifth governor of Vermont
(1807-08), was bom at Suffield, Hartford co., Conn.,
April 4, 1759. He was graduated at Yale College
in 1781, and removed to Bennington, where he studied
law under his brother Noah, subsequently judge of
the supreme court. He settled at Kupert in 1783,
and was its representative in the state legislature in
1785, 1788-90. In 1789 he was appointed one of the
commissioners to settle the dispute with New York
.state in regard to jurisdiction, and in 1791 was a
member of the convention that ratified the const iiu
tion of the United States He removed to Ruiiaml
in 1791, and in the same year was elected to congn-is
as a Jeffersouian Democrat or Republican He was
several times re-elected, but in 1797 was defeated by
Mattiiew Lyon, who belonged to the same parly null
had several times opposed liim In the fall of 1797
he was elected to the state legislature, wliicli, being
largely Republican, elected him chief justice He
held the position for one term, the FeQeralists again
coming into powei, and although he was re elecied
in 1801, he declined the office He was a candidate
for the governorship in 1801, but was defeated by
Isaac Tichenor In the same year he was elected a
representative to congress, and at the end ot the term,
in 1803, was elected senator, succeeding Nathaniel
Chipman He continued in congress until 1807,
when he was elected governor over the popular
Isaac Tichenor In his inaugural address he advo-
cated the substitution of confinement at hard labor
for corporal punishment, and state supervision of
highways Also while in office, he attempted to
secure the building of a state's prison, but all these
measures were looked upon by the farmers as tend
ing to extravagance He attempted to enforce the
embargo act, passed by congress in 1807, bj'^ calling
out troops to suppress smuggling, which had grown
bold as well as brisk, and as several offenders were
summarily dealt with, one of them suffering capital
punishment, opposition to him increased, and in 1808
Tichenor came back into office, his plurality being
859 and his majority 432 Gov Smith died at Rut-
land Dec 2 1810
seventh and ninth governorof
Vermont (1809-13 and 1815-
20), was born at Norwich
Conn Feb 11. 1753 and
when twenty two years old
removed to Shaftsbury, Vt
Of his parentage and educa-
tion history has said litt''»
At Shaftsbury he follow
the occupations fa^
tain of one of
companies of t)
manding it •"
service f I
-The National Cyclopedia, Vol. 8.
years. Roger, when he disappeared, was a tall, slendor
young man, with smail head, straight hair, his ears ad-
hering closely to the head; the claimant was an inch
taller, enormously obese, with a large head and curly hair,
the ears free, with large lobes. Roger had had his initials
tatooed on one of his arms, while nothing of the kind ap-
peared on the claimant. Roger had beea well educated,
and spoke French with perfect fluency ; the claimant was
jrrossly illiterate, and wholly unacquainted with French.
The jury found that the claimant was not Roger Charles
Tichbome, and he was nonsuited. He was taken into
custody to be tried for perjury. The trial came on before
the court of queen's bench Apr. 23, 1873, and after several
adjournments was concluded Feb. 28, 1874, having occu-
pied in all 188 days. In the course of the two trials it was
established beyond reasonable doubt, that the real name of
the claimant waj Arthnr Orton, a native of London, who
emigrated to Australia, where, for reasons growing out of
some misconduct, he assumed the name of Thomas Castro.
By what means and by whose assistance he gained the in-
formation which enabled him to make such show as he did
of being the missing Roger Tichbornc is an unsolved
mystery. So great were the expenses of these protracted
suits that the trustees of the infant owner of theTiehborne
estates were obliged to mortgage them in order to obtain
money to defend his title. In spite of the verdicts of the
courts, there were many, especially among the lower and
middle classes in England, who still believed that Castro
or Orton was really Roger Charles Tichbome. So strong
was this feeling that Mr. Kenealy, his leading counsel in
both cases, who subsequently established a ne^.spaper.
The Enyliahmnii, which acquired an immense circulation in
consequence of its attacks upon theie vertlicls, was in 1875
elected, mainly upon this account, to the Hou?e of Com-
mons. (See Kenealv, Edward V. H.) A. H Guernsey
Tiche'nor (Isaac). LL.D.. b. at Newark, N. J , Feb.
8, 1754; graduated at Princeton 1775; began the study of
law at Schenectady ; accepted in 1777 an appointment as
assistant comraistary-general at Bennington, Vt., where he
took up his residence; liecame prominent in Vermont poli-
ties; was judge of the supreme court 1791-94; chief-justice
1795-96 ; commissioner for adjusting the boundary dispute
with New York 1791; U. S. Senator 1796-97; governor
1797-1807 and 1808-09. and again U S Senator 1815-21.
D. at Bennington Dec. 11, 18US
Tick'nor (Gkouge), LL.D., b. at Boston, Mass., Aug.
1,1791; received at home a careful training ib the classics ;
entered Dartmouth College at the age of twelve ; graduated
there lci07 ; pursued for three years a post-graduate course
of studies at Bostor. under the direction of Rev. Dr. J. S.J.
Gardiner, with whom William H, Prescott was then prepar-
ing for college; -was one of the members of the Anthology
Club ; studied jurisprudence in the office of an eminent
lawyer at Boston ; was admitted to the bar 1813, but soon
resolved to devote himself to a literary career, favored by
the possession of an ample fortune ; palled for Europe 1815;
resided two years at the University of Gottingen, chiefly
occupied with classical philology and the modern literatures
of Europe ; spent two years more in travel, visiting most
of the European capitals and forming the acquaintance of
many of the chief literary and political celebrities; gave
cipeeial attention to the Spanisn language, for the study
01 which he formed an extensive library, including many
rare works ; was chosen in 1817 to the Smith professorship
of modern languages at Harvard ; filled that post from
1820 to 1835, when he resigned; spent three years in
Europe, chiefly engaged in preparatory researches for his
principal -irork, to which he devoted several more years of
assiduous labor, published in 1849 in London and New
Yor!: his Hintorj/ of Spaniah Literature (3 vols.), which was
translated into Frencli, German, and Spanish, and speedily
became classLcal, even in Spain; printed some occasional
essays, chiefly on educ2,tional topics, and several biograph-
ical sketches— of La Fayette (1825), Nathan A. White (1827),
Daniel Webster (1831), the Buckrainsters (1849), and Ed-
ward Everett (1865); wrote an elaborate Life of William
Hic/.'ling Frenco/t (\8&-i), \tho had been his most intimate
friend and fellow-laborer in the field of Spanish literature;
contributed to various magazines and reviews, and took an
interest in several public enterprises, especially in the Bos-
ton Public Library, to which he was a munificent bene-
factor, presenting it with 2000 volumes in 1850. He was
a member of the leading literary societies of Europe and
America, and a correspondent of many eminent men in
Europe. D. at Boston Jan. 26. 1871. The 4th ed. of his
f!painiih Literature appeared shortly after his death under
the editorship of Mr. G. S. Hillard. who also published his
Life and Correxpntidoicc (187fi), one of the most notable
and successful of American memoirs. Porter C Bliss.
— Johnson's Universal Encyclopedia.
(American Ancestry, p. 50.)
Ticknor, Benjamin Holt, of Boston, Mass., b. there August 3, 1842, grad.
Harvard Coll. 1862, lieut. and capt. Mass. Vols, during Rebellion, since been in
publishing firms of Ticknor & Fields, Fields, Osgood & Co., James R. Osgood
& Co., later Ticknor & Co., has been member Boston City Council (m. June 8,
1865, Caroline C, dau. of Freeman Loring Cushman, desc. of Robert the pilgrim
1620, also desc. of John Alden 1620) ; he has brothers Howard Malcom, b. 1836,
and Thomas Baldwin, b. 1848; son of William Davis of Boston, b. at Lebanon,
N. H., Aug. 6, 1810, d. at Phila. Apr. 10, 1864, founder of firm of Wm. D.
Ticknor & Co., afterward Ticknor & Fields, etc., publishers of the Atlantic
Monthly, and the works of many of the most distinguished American and for-
eign authors (m. Dec. 25, 1832, Emiline S., dau. of Benj. Holt, desc. of Nicholas
of Andover 1635, and dau. of Euth Baldwin, desc. of John, who came to Nor-
wich before 1660, and of Simon Huntington of Saybrook, Ct., 1633; son of
William of Lebanon. N. H., b. there 1785, d. there Jtily 10, 1827, farmer, house-
holder (m. Jan. 26, 1807, Betsy Ellis) ; son of Elisha of Lebanon, N. H., b. at
Lebanon, Ct. 1736, d. there 1774, active in town affairs, colonel of N. H. troops
at Crown Point and elsewhere (Prof. George Ticknor historian of "Spanish
Literature," etc., was his grandson) ; he was the original importer of merino
sheep to America (m. Jan. 31, 1772, Deborah Davis) ; son of John of Lebanon,
Ct.. b. at Scituate, Mass.. 1699. d. at Lebanon 1751 (m. 1724, Mary Bailey); son
of William of Lebanon, Ct.. b. at Scituate 1664, d. at Lebanon, moved there 1710
(m. 1696, Lydia, dau. of Joseph Tilden, who came from Eng. to Scituate with
his father, elder Nathaniel, before 1628) ; son of William, b. at Kent. Eng., came
to Scituate, Mass., 1656 (m. 1656, Hannah, dau. of John Stockbridge, who came
to Scituate 1638), selectman, assessor, surveyor, householder, sergeant in King
Philip's war ; name supposed to be derived from the Dutch technaar, a designer.
civilization of the peninsula; and, independently
of its stores of bibliographical information for the
use of the scholar, it will be no less serviceable
to the student of history who would acquaint
himself with the character and condition of the
Spaniard, and see in what manner they have been
affected by the peculiar institutions of the country.
The first edition of the " History of Spanish Litera-
ture" (3 vols., New York and London, 1849) was
followed by a second (3 vols., 1854) and by a third
American edition, corrected and enlarged (3 vol.?.,
Boston, 1863), A fourth edition, containing Mr.
Ticknor's kst revisions, has appeared since his
death. To these are to be added the following
translations : *' Historia de la Literatura Espa-
nola, por M. G. Ticknor; tradueida al Castellano,
con Adiciones y Notas criticas, por Don Pascual de
Gayangos y Don Enrique de Vedia" (4 vols., Mad-
rid, 1851-'7); " Geschichte der sehonen.Literatur
in Spanien, von Georg Ticknor ; Deutseh mit
Zusatzen, herausgegeben von Nieholaus Heinrich
Julius" (3 vols., Leipsic, 1852). Mr. Ticknor's
great work was preceded by several minor publica-
tions, including " Syllabus of a Course of Lectures
-on the History ana Criticism of Spanish Litera-
ture " (Cambridge, 1833) ; " Outline of the Principal
Events in the Life of General Lafayette" (Boston,
1835 ; London, 1826 ; in French, Paris, 1825) ; " Re-
marks on Changes lately proposed or adopted
in Harvard University " (Cambridge, 1825) ; " Re-
port of the Board of Visitors on tlie United States
Military Academy at West Point for 1826"; "The
Remains of Nathan Appleton Haven, with a Me-
moir of his Life " (1827) ; and other publications.
He also published a "Life of William Hiekling
Prescott '^ (Boston, 1864), See his " Life, Letters,
and Journals" (3 vols., Boston, 1876).
TICKNOR, George, journalist, b. in Boston,
Mass., 14 April, 1822 : d. in Keene, N. H., 35 Dec,
1866. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1847,
studied law in Franklin, N. H., was admitted to
the bar in 1850, and began practice in Hanover,
■ but in the following year removed to Claremont.
He was solicitor for Sullivan county from 1855 till
1859, and about 1860 settled in Keene and pur-
chased a large interest in the " New Hampshire
Sentinel," wMch he edited during the remainder
of his days. He publislied " Gazetteer and Bio-
graphical Sketches of New Hampshire."
TICKNOR, William Davis, publisher, b. in
Lebanon, N. H., 6 Aug., 1810 : d. in Philadelphia,
Pa., 10 April, 1864. In youth he was employed m
the office of his uncle, Benjamin, a money-broker,
and he afterward became teller in the old Colum-
bian bank of Boston. He began the business of a
publisher in Boston m 1833, in connection with
John Allen, under the firm-name of Allen and
Ticknor, successors of the old publishing-house of
Carter, Hendee, and Co. In the following year Mr.
Allen retired, leaving Mr. Ticknor to carry on the
business for twelve years. This he did under his
own name, which will be found on the title-pages
of the early American editions of Tennyson and
many New England authors. In 1845 John Reed
and James T Fields became his partners, and the
imprint was changed to Ticknor, Reed, and Fields,
but the legal firm-name remained William D.
Ticknor and Co. during Mr. Ticknor's lifetime.
On the retirement of Mr. Reed, in 1854, the style
became Ticknor and Fields, continuing as such for
about ten years. During this period the last-named
firm purchased and continued to publish the "At-
lantic Monthly" and the "North American Re-
view." On the death of Mr. Ticknor his interest
•was continued in behalf of his son, Howard M., and
James R. Osgood. Among the important events
of this epoch were the establishment of " Our
Young Polks " (1864), edited by Howard M. Tick-
nor, and of "Every Saturday" (1866), edited by
Thomas Bailey Aldrich. In 1868 the younger
Ticknor retired, and a new copartnership was
formed among the other members, under the firm-
name of Fields, Osgood, and Co. In 1870 Benja-
min H. Tick-
nor was ad-
in 1871 Mr,
the firm be-
came James _ .^ ^^ _[w^i— -u- ■
R.Osgoodand J'JTOl^f -■■^IfiiHHIilP;
Co. In 1885
ing of Benja-
min H. and
Ticknor and George F, Godfrey, Prom the be-
ginning the publications of the house were char-
acterized by intrinsic merit and by the neatness
and correctness of their typography. The interests
of American writers met with unusual considera-
tion, and it became a mark of distinction for young
writers to have secured them as piiblishers, Will-
iam D, Ticknor was one of the first of American
publishers to make payment for the works of for-
eign authors, beginning with £100 to Tennyson in
1843, The house always continued this custom,
and it is probably not too much to say that its ex-
ample did more than any other one thing to estab-
lish a principle that is now so generally recognized
and acted upon. For three decades the curtained
office of their establishment in the quaint old build-
ing at the corner of Washington and School streets,
seen in the illustration, was the resort of Dickens,
Emerson, Hawthorne, Holmes, Longfellow, Lowell,
Sumner, Thackeray, Whipple, and Whittier, This
building (the oldest but one now standing in Bos-
ton), one of the landmarks of the city, was built
immediately after the great fire of 1711, and was
occupied for various domestic and mercantile pur-
poses, at one time being an apothecary-shop kept
by the father of James Freeman Clarke, until in
1828 it became the book-store of Carter, Hendee,
and Co,, from whom it passed to Allen and Tick-
nor, It remained in the hands of William D,
Ticknor and his immediate successors until 1866,
when increasing business required their removal to
Tremont street ; but it is still a book-store,
TIDBALL, John Caldwell, soldier, b, in Ohio
county. Va. (now W, Va.), 25 Jan., 1835. He was
graduated at the U. S. military ncadenr-
being assigned to the 3d artill
the various stations of his rp.
when, having attait^pd the r
placed in commr
the principal a'
from the bat*-'
the ♦ '». of
f*-; — Appleton's Cyclopedia of American
OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY.
TICENOR, George, author and educator, was
born in Boston, Mass., iVug, 1, 1791. He early showed
great taste for reading, and upon being fitted for college
by his father, Elisha Ticknor, a successful merchant
of Boston, entered Dartmouth as a junior, at the age
of fourteen, and was graduated in 1807, having, as
he thought, learned veiy little. His general studies
were continued nearly three years longer, under Dr.
Gardiner of Trinity Church, and in 1810 he began
to read law in the otMce of an eminent lawyer of Bos-
ton, and was admitted to the bar in 1813. He prac-
tised for one year, and then being able to consult his
tastes, determined that his avocation lay in the di-
rection of a literary life, as his father's means were
suflScient to enable him to follow his bent. After a
winter jaunt through Virginia, and a visit to Jefferson
atMonticello, he sailed for Europe in April, 1815, and
spent nearly two years at Gottingen, giving his main
attention to languages. His appointment to a chair
at Harvard in 1817 did not necessitate his immediate
return, but gave a special direction to his studies,
which were carried on in Paris, Rome, Madrid and
other European capitals, where he studied the litera-
tures of each country. While abroad he met Goetlie,
Humboldt, Mme. de Stael, Chateaubriand, Bunsen,
Niebuhr, Scott and other persons of distinction, and
collected a valuable library, which by additionsgrewto
be one of the finest collections in the couittry, especially
so in Spanish literature, on which it was not excelled
even in Europe. Mr. Ticknor returned in June, 1819,
his character matured by unusual experience of men,
with rare learning and accomplishments, and witli a
taste cultivated and disciplined by acquaintance with
the best society of Europe. He was inducted at Har-
vard, Aug. 10th, as Smith professor of the French
and Spanish languages and literatures, and college
professor of belles-lettres. In this double post, which
he held for sixteen years, at a small salary, he did
good and abundant work, organized his new and
important department, and bore a leading part in
those reforms which changed Harvard from an old-
fap-hioned college to a modern uni-
versity. Its literature had pre-
viously hardly extended beyond
the classics; but Ticknor's lectures
on Dante, Shakespeaie, Milton,
Goethe, etc., stimulated his stu-
dents and drew auditors from
without. More than half his in-
structions, he said, were " gi'v'en
voluntarily, neither required nor
contemplated by the statutes." In
1835, returning from a southern
trip, during which he had visited
Madison and Jefferson, he found in
Philadelphia Drs. Follen and Beck,
needy exiles from Geraiany, and
procured tutorships fortiiemat Har-
vard. Resigning his chair in 1835, he
spent three years in Germany, Italy,
France, etc., meeting Mettemich
and Wordsworth, and carrying on the preparation of
his great work. ' ' The Histoiy of Spanish Literature "
appeared in three volumes at the close of 1849 in New
York and London, and within three years appeared
in German and Spanish translations. Its recognition
was rapid and extensive, both by scholars and the
reading public. A London critic said there were
" not six men in Europe able to review it." Motley
called it "an honor to yourself and to American lit-
erature." Hallara wrote, " It supersedes all others,
and will never be superseded." Rogers exclaimed,
"How these Bostonians do work!" Three subse-
quent editions have appeared at home, two of them
revised and enlarged. Feeling his debt to libraries
abroad. Dr. Ticknor took a leading part in establish-
ing the Boston Public Library. He induced Mr.
Everett to join him in this enterprise, and they
formed the sub-committee which drew up a report
initiating the project in 1852. The library was
opened in 1854, in two small rooms, with 12,000 vol-
umes, from which humble beginning it has grown to
its present magnificent proportions. Dr. Ticknor
gave it fourteen years of zealous labor, and in 1856-
57 spent more than a year abroad, chiefly in its in-
terest, often staying so late at the Berlin booksel-
lers' shops with Karl Brandes, that they needed
special police permission to go home unrriolested.
He presented the library with many volumes during
his lifetime, and willed to it his fine collection of
Spanish books. While the civil war was in progress,
he was a liberal contributor to the Federal cause.
both m money and in other ways possible to a man
seventy years of age. During its earlier period, he
found solace in writing the life of his friend Pres-
cott, the historian. The book appeared in 1864, and
was described by Lord Carlisle as "simple, com-
plete, unaffected, and thus entirely suited to the
character and qualities of its subject." Bancroft,
with his usual enthusiasm, called it "a sermon to the
young, and a refreshment to the old, the best monu-
ment that one man of letters ever raised to his friend-
ship for another." Mr. Ticknor received the degree
of LL.D. from both Harvard and Brown in 1850,
and from Dartmouth in 1858. Though not a pro-
found or originative mind, he had line powers of ac-
quisition and retention, great industry^ a resolute
will, a calm, steady judgment, and a dominating re-
gard for truth. The purity and dignity of his cnar-
acter commanded general respect. He embodied
the quieter and more conservative ideals of Boston,
and illustrated in, his entire life the virtues of the
fentleman and scholar. His "Life, Letters and
ournals," appeared in two volumes in 1876. The
"Nation" said of Mr. 'Kcknor. "Probably no
American led a life richer in that class of associa-
tions and interests which belong properly to literary
biography." The "Saturday Review " said of him.
" In every capittil of Europe he had not only ac-
quaintances but friends, and at home he seemed to
have known every eminent contemporary. " He died
in Boston, Jan, 26, 1871.
8P0FF0RD, Ainsworth Rand, librarian of
congress, was born at Gilmanton, N. H.. Sent
1825. He is a lineal descendant of J
Yorkshire, England, who settled
IVfess., in 1638, end is ' ^
a clergyman of New
sionary in several ^'
number of c -rt. ■
in his early y
ture and ab;^'"
to his later
spent > — The National Cyclopedia, Vol. 6.
From Matthew's American Armory and Blue Book.
William Ticknor, of Boston, 1646,
and Scituate, Mass., 1656, served
in King Philip's war, 1676.
Arms — A chevron between three
escallops in chief and in base a
boar's head erased.
Crest — A demi-lion holding a sword.
Motto— Fro Patria.
Baldwin, Sarah, 10
J. L., 16, 22
Bakger, Elizabeth Chloe, 21
Charles H., 14
Anna Kate', 14
Barr, Letitia Margaret, 19
Beckham, Fannie, 15
Beeler, Elizabeth, 14
Emily C, 14
Glenn Cajlyle, 17
Silas James', 13
Thomas P.', 13
Brubaker, D. M., 16, 22
Byram, Capt. Ebenezer, 11
Cave, Helen, 20
Cook, Monimia C, 14
Cooper, Roxie, 15
Cotton, Frances, 12
Cox, Willah Cordelia, 17
Davidson, Harriet, 14
Dill, J. S., 14
George Ide, 16
Henry Stivers*, 16
Emmerson, WiMiam, 22
Fairley, Harriet Rebecca, 17
FiNNELL, Herbert Singleton, 19
Gaumer, Ed, 20
GiBBS, Mrs. EoTuna'', 24
William Jackson, 17, 18
Mary Catherine, 17, 18
Glasscock, Sarah, 19, 20
Paul F, 19
Haa-old Raymond*, 19
John William. 17
Maibel Irenes", 17
Mildred Esther^', 17
Ona Lucileio, 17
Thelma Edith."' », 17
Hamilton, Mary Edna, 17
Harbison, Harriet Agnes, 19
Holton, Sarah Elizabeth, 20
Celeste Woodburn Curtis, 21
John Kirkpatrick, 17
Mitchell, 16, 22
Francis Elvena', 22
George Wilbur', 22
Isaac Ramy', 22
John Mitchell', 22
Mary Agnes', 22
Sarah Ann', 22
Wiley Hollirigworth', 22
F. v., 21
Frederick, Jr.*, 21
Knotts, Mits. W. a.', 24
Nicholas Bvram', 12
^Ialony, N. L., 22
Melvin, Mrs. Louisa A., 15
Meseritz, Susan, 16, 20, 21
Francis L.», 22
Robert P.*, 22
McCoy, Hazel, 19
Mrs. Eppie Reynolds, 14
McKay, A. H., 13
Neill, Susan, 12
Newton, Charles, 22
William Bargoon, 16
Jack Rogersi'», 16
William Terry", 16
Parsons, Harriet Ann, 20
Payne, Mary E., 13
Harry L, 20
Mary Holton*, 20
Prideaux, Sarah, 20
Ramy, Elizabeth, IS, 16
Jett Stephen, 16
Dorothy Zella*, 16
Howard Jett*, 16
Ruth May*, 16
Ruble, Susanna, 13
John A., 16
Mabel Qare*, 16
Sheets, Lillian, 19
Sickles, Dr., 21
Clarence >». 22
Stanley, EMzabeth, 14
•Stivers, Matilda, 16, 19, 20, 22
Stretch, Laura, 22
Summers, Lucinda, 16, 17, 19
Harry H.*, 19
Alplhius Marion', 19
Anna Belle', 19
Bertha Pearce', 20
Bessie Leona'*, 17
Blanche Hnora,'", 17
Oharles Prideaux', 20
Clara Louisa', 21
Dale Barr*, 19
Dix*, 17. 18
Dwight Baldwin', 16, 19
Edna Marie*, 19
Effie EsteUe*, 17
Einerine Baldwin', 16
Teachenok (Tidhenor) — Cont'd
Ernest, Jr.», 22
Frances Marie'", 1/
Dr. Frank Randall'. 17, 18
Fred Wainwright« , 20
Galen Henry*, 21
George Benjamin', 1/
George Jasper*, 16, 17
George Waslungton', 16, 1/,
Gree'ndeaf Norton', 16, 20,
Harriet Josephine*', 17
Hazelle Gertrude', 19
Helen', 19 ^ ^^
Henry Wharton', 16, 21
Holton Calendars 20, 21
Homer Cresap', 20
Isaac* (Tichenor), 3, 7, 15,
16, 19, 20, 21, 22
Isaac Lemuel*, 19, 20
Ivan Brooks', 20
James J.», 21
Jasper Newton', 16, 20
dV; Kirker Royden», 20, 21
Leona Ethd», 17
Lewis Burrell', 17
LiUJe Adell', 17
LilDy Dale*, 19
Lotus Belle', 20
Luta P.*, 20
Lydia', 16, 22
Mary Ann', 16, 22
Mary A.*, 22 _
Margajet Virginia', 21
Martha Allen', 21
Mary Lucinda*", 17
Mary Stanley*, 20
Monroe*, 19, 20
Monroe Summers', 19
Nathaniel Ramy', 16, 19, 20
Nellie Gertrude*, 20
Octavia Cave>", 20 ^ ,-
Richard Bennington*, 4, 10,
J. Riley*, 16, 19
Samuel Jackson', 16, 22
Sarah Dee*, 19
Dr. Wells*, 21
Dr. Wells H., Jr.', 21
William Amos*, 19
WoJdeane L.', 21
Thomas, Martha, 19
Thomas, Mary Ann, 17
Abigails 5, 9, 23
Ann R.*, 13
By ram*, 12
Catherine N.*, 13
Oharles Allen', 15
Charles Orlando*, 24
Charles O.', 24, 25
Daniels 5, 9, 10, 23
Daniels 10, 11, 15, 23, 25
Davids 10, 23
Edward C.*, 13
Emily Lniluh', 14
Fannie Mabel', 15
Farmy M*, 13
Florence May', 15
George W«, 13
Hannahs 9, 10, 23
Isaacs 2, 10, 23, 26, 27
Isaac* (Teachenor), 3, 7,
IS, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22
Isaac Coe^, 24
Isaac Newton', 24
Isaac R.*, 13
Rev. Isaac Taylor*, 7, 10,
Jacobs 11, 15, 16
JamesS 8, 13
James Atkinson', 14
James B.*, 13
James Boykin', 14
James Leslie', 15
James Lewis*, 15
Jane TuttleS 10
JaredS 12, 13
Jared*, 12, 14
Johns 5, 9, 10, 23
John N.«, 13
JonasS 12, 13
Jonathan^, 9, 23
Joseph*, 10, 11
Joseph*, 10, 23
Joseph Laipsley*, 13
Lewis C*. 12
Lydia*, 12, 13
Mabel Rose'. 14
Margaret Elinor', 14
Martha Ann*, 13
Martha Caroline', 15
Martins 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10,
Mary A.*, 13
Mary Belle', 14
Mary Eliza', 13
Moses*, 10, 23
Nimrod Beckham', 15
Peter S 12
Sally Ann*, 13
Samuels 9, 23
Samuel Boykin', 14
Silas M.«, 13
Susan J.*, 13
Thomas Bennett*, 14
Walker Reynolds', 7, 8, 14,
William Lewis', 15
William, 3, 5, 6, 7, 27, 30
Elisha, 6, 27
George, 6, 27, 28
George, 28, 29
William Davis, 6, 27, 28
Dr. Thomas, 7
TiLLETT, Nancy, 13
John, 10, 23
Judge J. M., 21
Laura Belle, 21
Thomas Cobb, 14
Thomas Cobb, Jr.*, 14
James Tichenor*, 14
Wild, Mrs. Lavina, 15
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY
3 1197 21319 1924