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Past and Present 


Deivalb County, Illinois 

J3y Prof. Lewis M. Gross 

Assisted by an Advisory Board consisting or 
H:: W. Fay, G. E. Congaon, F. W. Lowman ana Judge C: A. Bishop 







I ,' R K 





R 1912 L 



* " * . ' 






The history of DeKalb county is the story cf 
(his little segment of our country and concerns the 
people particularly that live in this territorial unit 
thirty-six miles long and eighteen miles wide. 

We are proud of the achievements of the men and 
women who were our worthy forebears and pion- 
eers who, by dint of courage and personal sacri- 
fice, made this little area we now call DeKalb 
county to "blossom as the rose" and give us a por- 
tion of that heroism that makes us even as good 
as we are. The task we assume, to record the 
deeds of our pioneers whom we knew face to face 
and learned from them their interesting story, is 
a pleasant one, but not so easy as we first thought. 
To sit down and talk with the few who still remain 
of that few who left the old eastern home between 
1835 and 1845 to settle here is pleasant indeed, but 
to connect those incidents and make a complete 
story is quite a different thing. 

Our history seems readily to divide itself into 
two periods : Before and after the Civil war. This 
is done by common consent. "Were you born be- 
fore the war?" is a question often asked of the 
middle aged male population. If an old settler, 
the question is: "Did you settle here before the 
war?" It is an appropriate division of the seventy- 
two years that covers the time since our first per- 
manent settler, Jack Sebree, of Virginia, raised 
his log cabin on the banks of Little Rock creek in 
what is now Squaw Grove township, in the fall of 
1834, for in those years from '61 to '65 our coun- 

ty made her supreme effort in the gilt of 
two thousand five hundred of her stalwart 
sons to the "government of the people, by the 
people and for the people that was not to perish 
from the earth." 

It is the period "before the war"' with which 
we wish to concern ourselves, and it is of course 
more difficult to gather data for this period be- 
cause we know it second hand. We will more 
readily see the difficult nature of our task when we 
know how few records were kept, and even those 
preserved are fragmentary. Like many other men 
of meritorious achievements our progenitors did 
not seem to think their actions worthy of record, 
so that the whole amount of material gathered is 
really an infinitesimal portion of what really did 

Before 1840 not one family in ten took a peri- 
odical regularly. Fortunate, indeed, was the fam- 
ily that had a weekly paper, and that was read and 
passed to the neighbors not so fortunately situated 
until it was unreadable; and it is further to be de- 
plored that matters of local interest were not re- 
corded, but the papers of a half century ago were 
full of foreign news that did not reach our county 
until it had many months before passed into 
history, while even matters pertaining to our na- 
tional affairs were of secondary interest to the pub- 

To secure good pictures of buildings, such a- 
first homes of our earliest settlers, our first school 
houses and places of worship, the old mills that 
were once numerous and furnished lumber and 


flour, and also of our early settlers, has been very 
unsatisfactory. Photography was unknown to our 
first pioneers and the daguerreotype was expensive, 
and added to all this there were many old people 
who thought it wicked to have their pictures taken. 
So superstition played a large part in preventing 
is t lie pleasure of looking upon likenesses that 
would now give us such pleasure. 

To give a work of this kind to our satisfaction 
would take at least one year, but these few facts 
have been gathered in my more than two score 
-' of existence with no intention, until last 
December, of putting them in book form, so with 
apologies above offered we d this imperfect 

work to our sturdy pioneers. 

The Civil war changed former political alliance 
and broke political parties into fragments so that 
when the war closed political discussions were 
founded upon questions born of that trying period. 

It seems strange now in contemplating our 
county's history to see how different political ele- 
is and governmental ideas were represented in 
our earliest settlements. The earliest settlers came 
from the southern and central portions of our 
in large numbers with ideas of the southern civil- 
ization predominant, and while the New England- 
er wa with those of the middle states who 

sprang from the Puritans, still the southern ideas 
are pre-eminent and show themselves in the county 
as the unit of government while the old demo- 
cratic party of before the war was the predominant 
party and held control until 1856. By that time 
n emigrant representing the civilization 
Plymouth Bock supplanted the political ideas 
of the civilization of Jamestown and the New 
England township becomes the unit of government 
and the republican party whose cardinal principles 
opposition to slavery extension which in time 
and the domiciling of every man in his own home 
and on his own farm, checked the extension of 
slave territory. Every change of location exerts 
a more telling effect than one thinks at a percursory 
glance. The men from the northeast portion of 
ottr country did not at once affiliate harmoniously 
with the men from the south-land, but common 
dangers, common interests draw men close in a 
common bond of sympathy, and in the second gen- 
eration they are one in association, their children 
intermarry and racial, social and religious differ- 
ences disappear. We can readily recall instances 

where children of Knights of the Golden Circle 
married those of the most stanch abolitionist, and 
denominational rancor cannot withstand the in- 
roads of the American social life as exemplified in 


AYhen the white people first came to the terri- 
tory now known as DeKalb county they found an 
ken wilderness consisting mostly of prairie 
which embraced all that part of Franklin south of 
the Kishwaukee and a little of the north central 
of the town, all of Kingston township south 
and west of the Kishwaukee except sections 1, 2. 
3, 4, 11 and 12 ; that part of Genoa township ex- 
cept sections IS, 19, 30, 31, 33, and a part of 29; 
all of Sycamore except part of sections 2, 10, 11. 
and parts of 12 and 14; all of Mayfield west of the 
Kishwaukee except a fringe of wood along its west 
hank: South Grove was mostly prairie except parts 
of sections 10, 11. 14. 15 and 23: Malta township 
had no timber: DeKalb's prairie land covered all 
its territory except along the banks of the Kish- 
waukee : Cortland had timber on section 28 and 
his 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and part of 15. part of 
2:; and all of 24; Pierce had one small grove on 
i '.•.': Afton and Milan were all prairie; 
Shabbona except Shabbona Grove on sections 23, 
25, 26 and 27. Paw Paw had two groves, one 
on sections 7. 18 and lit; Poss Grove on sections 
10, 11, 14, 15 and 22 : Victor had no timber, while 
Somonauk was covered along the banks of Somon- 
auk creek on either side with a large area of for- 
est and more than any other town in our county 
has retained. her original woods: Clinton had one 
small grove which has become historic because for 
many years in this pretty grove have been held 
the Old Settlers' Picnics. Squaw Grove and 
Papoose Grove in Squaw Grove township covered 
what is now Hinckley and the woods on section 30 
and 31 Squaw Grove township are a continuation 
of the Somonauk timber belt. These groves and 
tracts of timber are of special interest to us as they 
were, except in one instance, Lost Grove on section 
28, Cortland, found near the running streams of 
water, and wood and water being the mainstay of 
the pioneers, they made their earliest homes in 
the woods which furnished wild game in abund- 
ance, and the streams supplied excellent varieties 
of fish. Nearly every pioneer was an expert with 


the muzzle loading rifle and an adept with the 
anglers tools. 

Many settlers who came in the '50's thought it 
unwise to locate so far from the timber and creeks, 
and as late as 1856 Judge Hill, Nicholas Saum 
and others from Kingston, while attending a re- 
ligious service at the Vandeburg school house in 
Mayfield, thought that ultimately that portion of 
the prairie so far from wood and water would 
again be a common. 

They lived long enough to see their dreams van- 
ish, for in the early '70s farmers began to sink 
tubular wells which are now indispensable to every 
farm, and about the same time the hard coal base- 
burner solved, in a great degree, the fuel problem, 
and today first class farms are original treeless 

In the middle '60s one of our county newspapers 
wrote a description of a sample of anthracite coal, 
but speaks of its cost preventing its general use. 
All the wood consumed in our county in 1906 
would not pay one-fifth of the county's hard coal 
bill. It is to be regretted, however, that there was 
such a waste of timber in our earlier years, for it 
would serve a valuable purpose as a reservoir of 
water and be used profitably in our dome-tic af- 

There were eight saw mills along the Kishwau- 
kee in the early '40s. One south of the old town of 
Coltonville, Comb's mill built by William A. 
Miller, Millers mill on the I. L. Ellwood farm. 
Kingston; Gleason's mill just in the east edge of 
Kingston, Gault's mill near the east line of A. 
J. Lettow's farm in Kingston; Lee's two mills, one 
on the north side of the river, and one on the 
south side of the river near the mouth of Lee's 
slough: Welty's mill on sect inn 21 near the east 
line of Franklin and Hicks' mill just east of the 
Hicks' mill bridge. All these mills except Welty's 
and Comb's mills were sawmills, and at an early 
period Comb's mill served the double purpose. To- 
day they are all gone ; of most of them but few- 
traces remain. 

Many of the houses and barns of forty years 
ago were built of hard wood sawed at these mills, 
and in many instances will outlast the buildings 
erected during these recent years. Until the St. 
Charles mill was built about 1840, and the Big- 
Thunder mill at Belvidere about the same time, 
our pioneers went to mill at Ottawa. 

The Indian, while often hostile and the most 
fatal foe of advancing civilization, taught our 
pioneers many valuable lessons in these far-off out- 
post of our country. From him they learned the 
habits of the game in wood and stream and 
prairie; they adopted his mode of dress and in 
these early homes were the household utensils com- 
mon to the red men, such as the mortar and pestle 
for grinding corn, the stone skinning knife and 
the bone fish-hook. 

The earliest permanent settlers in Jamestowu 
colony died by thousands before they could main- 
tain a self-supporting community, for they stub- 
bornly tried to maintain European customs, while 
our forefathers in the Mississippi valley by adopt- 
ing Indian habits, generally supplied the absolute 
necessities of life. 

It was Charles Francis Hall, an Arctic naviga- 
tor, that revolutionized the methods of the seekers 
for the North Pole. When he planned his expedi- 
tion he pursued the theory "that a white man 
could live where a savage maintained an exisi 
ence." Francis Parkman, our ablest and most ac- 
curate historian, in describing the white hunter 
and trapper who led civilization the way into the 
wilderness, bears strong testimony to the fact that 
a child of civilization upon adopting the manners 
and customs of savagery and living with savages, 
never again willingly returns to civilization. The 
children captured by Indians were with difficulty 
induced to return to their homes, and in many in- 
stances went back to the homes of the red men. 
An Indian girl will attend the schools of 
the whites, graduate at college, but on returning 
to her Indian home when the torn torn is sounded 
for the Indian dance, will cast oil' the habiliments 
of civilization, don her blanket, paint her face 
and obey the call of the wild as did her ancestors 
before the advent of Columbus. 

DeKalb county is a part of northern Illinois 
that formerly was a pari of Ouisconsin ("Wiscon- 
sin) but by a political stratagem played by Na- 
thaniel Pope, our territorial delegate at the time of 
admission into the Union in 1818, fifty-one miles 
of the northern portion of what is now Illinois was 
added to our area, and Wisconsin thus lost a fertile 
portion of the state and the metropolis of the Mis- 
sissippi valley — Chicago. 

In the British Museum, London, is found a rude 
diagram of the Illinois country, made by Captain 


Philip Pittman in 1770, and is described as fol- 
lows : •"'The country of the Illinois is bounded in 
the west by the River Mississippi, by the River 
Illinois on the north, by the Oubache (Wabash) 
and Miainas on the south."" and the eastern border 
is indefinite. The boundary on the north as made 
by Nathaniel Pope became the 42-30' parallel of 
latitude. All our county except the four south 
townships and the three south rows of sections of 
Squaw Grove, Clinton and Shabbona was formerly 
a part of the Wisconsin territory. What an amount 
of good energy might have been saved for us in 
"County seat delirium" if the northern line of our 
stale was at present running nine miles north of 
the south line of our county. 

The effect of this •'•land grab"' from the unor- 
ganized territory of Wisconsin can scarcely be es- 
timated unless we take a backward look into our 
history: The position of Illinois in national poli- 
tics often turned the tide in the control of na- 
tional affairs. The anti-slavery cause would have 
been hindered materially had not Illinois cast her 
strength mi that side of the question ami her posi- 
tion was determined by her fourteen northern 
counties. In 187 (i had Illinois not had those fifty- 
two miles that rightfully belonged to Wisconsin 
included in her area, Tilden and not Hayes would 
have been honored by the chief magistracy of our 
republic. This portion was settled by people from 
\.y\ England and from those states in the middle 
east that were settled by New Englanders and in- 
herited from her ideas, themselves moulded by the 
Plymouth Rock civilization. Without the four- 
teen counties in this fifty-one miles of Illinois 
territory Abraham Lincoln could not have carried 
Illinois, and without such strength in his own 
-late, he could not have secured the nomination 
in ISfiO. 

Dick Oglesby, Oulloni. Fifer ami other repub- 
lican candidates for gubernatorial honors would 
have failed to reach the coveted prize and our state 
Mould have been a more uncertain political quan- 
tity than either Indiana or New York. 

Gallant Dick Oglesby in an address delivered in 
DeKalb in 1894. said: 'Timing the days of civil 
strife when the national and state administrations 
needed the approval of the people and adverse 
judgment was pouring in upon us from counties 
in the southern part of Illinois, how we looked to 

the northern counties to throw their power and 
influence in the balance and they never deserted 


Indian life in DeKalb county was well known to 
early settlers, and from 1835 to 1837 they were 
friendly to the whites and in many instances were 
of great assistance to the pioneer. The Indians in 
this locality were summoned to Fort Dearborn, 
then standing in the city of Chicago, where ar- 
rangements were made to remove the red men io 
the west of the Mississippi river and upon thdir 
removal. 1*37 — Fort Dearborn was evacuated by 
national troops, was used as a storehouse and soon 
fell into decay, while today upon its site stands 
W. M. Eoyfs wholesale grocery and one must draw 
strongly upon his imagination to even fancy the 
spot was ever used to hold hack the savage from 
destroying, or better, retarding the westward 
march of civilization. 

Among those of our citizens that were employed 
by Uncle Sam to remove the Indian were Norman 
Peters and Evans Wharry. After 1837 they had 
no regularly established homes, except at Shabbona 
Grove, and even at this place they would not be 
found for months at a time, and at one time re- 
mained in the west for three years. 

Indian axes, skinning knives, pestles for grind- 
ing corn, pipes, spear heads, arrow heads, etc.. are 
found even at this late date. From Indian graves 
on Stuart's farm east of the village of Kingston 
have been taken many of the above named utensils. 
Early settlers of Kingston and Coltonville found 
dead papooses wrapped in hark and suspended 
among the limbs of large forest trees. 

While taking gravel from a pit on the Norton 
farm, Shabbona. the skeleton of an Indian youth. 
presumably a child of Shabbona, was unearthed, 
and on the J. Y. Stuart farm about twenty-two 
years ago in a gravel pit some parties working out 
their poll tax found the skeleton of an aged In- 
dian, while in 1889 just north of the Kirklaml 
bridge, in a gravel bed. was found a skeleton, the 
skull of which had been utilized by a gopher for a 
nest where the young were reared. 

From these incidents we assume that they did 
not always use regular burial places, but to this 
dav there are several Indian graveyards that are 


well known to a few people, notably one in Shab- 
bona Grove, two in Kingston, one in Franklin and 
one in DeKalb township on the Adee farm. 

When the little tribe in Cortland left their grove 
on section 3 an old chief refused to leave the graves 
of his fathers and a rude log cabin was built for 
him and provision left him, but a few months 
later his white neighbors found him lifeless in his 
hut. The site of this cabin is pointed out today 
by the owner of the farm. In 1867 some Pot- 
tawattomies, former residents, were making a visit 
to their old homes and while north of Sandwich 
an Indian buck got into trouble with his drunken 
mother-in-law and in self-defense sent her to the 
"happy hunting grounds." He was in prison ax 
Sycamore for some months and upon being a 
"good Indian" while "in durance vile" was given 
his liberty. 

The Indian was possessed with endurance, would 
in the seasons of scarcity of game go for weeks 
without being properly fed, but as an athlete in 
exercises that required muscular exertion, such ae 
wrestling, he was not a success. 

An incident that took place in Sycamore in the 
later '30s illustrates this fact. Uncle "Ide" Fair- 
do, a great wrestler, but a man small of stature 
engaged frequently in such contests, and on this 
occasion after he had thrown "the bully" the In- 
dians were induced to try their muscle on Uncle 
Ide. He could throw an Indian as fast as he could 
get up much to the amusement of the whites and 
the Indians themselves. 

They had an orchard at Coltonville and corn- 
fields at different places which were cared for bv 
the women. The latter were slovenly housekeepers 
and poor nurses and a high rate of mortality ex- 
isted among the infants especially. 

Early settlers have seen them eat their game raw 
and have witnessed their culinary skill. They 
cooked game whole and undressed. If it chanced 
to be a wild fowl no feathers were removed not 
was it drawn, but placed whole in the ashes. Such 
a menu was offered to Jack Sebree once, when call- 
ing upon his Indian neighbors. Their hominy was. 
however, quite palatable. 

The numerous collections of Indian relics now 
in private and public collections do not pertain so 
much to the Indian known to our first settlers for 
their implements of war, hunting and those of 
their simple domestic arts were generally those 

of the whites. No bows and arrows were used by 
them in the Black Hawk war of 1832. 

Most of these relics are at least two centuries 
old, and men who have given much time and study 
to the Indian manners and customs believe them 
to be many centuries old. They had adopted many 
ideas of the white people, wore clothing of the 
whites and wore but. few garments make of skins 
of animals. 

The Indian of our pioneer days had degenerated 
to a great extent, were in many instances petty 
thieves, and when liquor was obtainable would get 
drunk very often. He would sell anything to get 
"fire water/' and one was known to have offered 
his child for a bottle of whiskey, and his love for 
drink contributed largely towards his degeneracy. 

In this county the Indians used ponies and were 
constantly on the move, and Shabbona and his 
tribe were known in all parts of our county. Men 
of three score years and upwards while boys in 
school remember of the tribe in their wanderings 
and school was dismissed so that the pupils might 
see the old chief, for he was respected and gener- 
ally treated with kindness for his great service to 
the whites in rescuing many from the savages of 
Black Hawk. His prominence gives him conspicu- 
ous place in the story of our county, and as he was 
the high type of the "good Indian" we have de- 
voted much space to him : and let us remember 
this as a striking relief from the bloody tale told 
since the days of Columbus to our own time. 



The Indians have gone from Illinois, but there 
are many people living today who remember hav- 
ing seen the last of this dusky race as it disappear- 
ed. With them have gone, never to return, many 
of the primitive conditions that once existed. It 
is with difficulty that the present generation re- 
constructs in image form and scenes and condi- 
tions that met those who first came to this land ae 
explorers or founders of homes. Fortunately we 
have with us a few of the early pioneers from 
whose lips we may gather a few of the fragments 
of our early history. These should be collected and 
retained as a part of our national heritage. It will 
give us strength to look back upon those early days 
and to recount the struggles through which we 
have come. 



The conflicts which took place between the red 
man and the early white settlers would make a 
long story were all told. Were we to write this 
story the name of Shabbona would appear in many 
places. Were you to read it you would come to 
love the man and to respect him for the true man- 
hood that he displayed on so many occasions. Were 
you to go to the early settlers who knew Shab- 
bona you would find them all agreed as to the no- 
lnlity of Ins character. He was known by them 
all as "The Friend of the White Man." The writer 
will tell the story as he gathered it from those who 
fcnew him, and from other sources that will be in- 
dicated at the close of this article. 

In the southern part of DeKalb county. Illinois, 
is found a small village that has been named after 
Shabbona. Not far from this village is to be found 
a grove known as Shabbona Grove. It was at this 
grove that Shabbona and his people made their 
home for many years. Those who live at the grove 
take pleasure in pointing out the spot where he 
pitched his wigwam. It was a beautiful place in 
those early days nestled on the banks of a little 
stream. It was a small clearing in the wood well 
protected from the storms that raged during the 
winter. In the early years of his I his grove 

it was the home of his whole tribe, which by the 
way never m than one hundred and 

thirty souls. After the government moved the In- 
dians from Illinois, Shabbona and his family lived 
here for a number of wars. A hollow in the 
ground marks ■ he had a shallow 

well from which he obtained water. A few mounds 
mark the res! of a number of his family. 

You are told that a house was built for the old 
chief by the white settlers who thought they would 
show their appreciation for him in this way. This 
house was made of log- Ee never lived in it, so 
some who knew him say, but instead used it as a 
shelter for his ponies and a storehouse for his pro- 
visions. At times some of the younger Indians of 
the tribe used this cabin as a place of shelter but 
old Shabbona and Coconoko. his wife, always pre- 
ferred to live in the tent even during the coldest 
weather in winter. As he visited his white friends 
li was almost impossible to get him to sleep over 
night in a house. He preferred to roll up in his 
blanket and sleep out of doors. By his association 
with the whites lie acquired much from them but 

there were many Indian traits and customs that 
he retained as long as he lived. 

At one time the grove at which he made his 
home was one of the finest in the state of Illinois. 
It covered an area of fifteen hundred acres. In it 
were found large white, bur, and red oak. Xo better 
black walnut trees were to be found anywhere than 
were found bere. Outside of this grove extended 
great tracts of prairie land noted for their fer- 
tility. Surrounded by this, Shabbona, the Indian 
chief, lived and ruled his little kingdom. Plenty 
surrounded him on all sides. He and his people 
visited other Indian settlements, of which there 
were many in northern Illinois. Other chiefs and 
their people visited him and lived off his substance. 
His word had much weight in the councils with 
other chief-. He was one of the great chiefs among 
the chiefs. 

But you ask. Who was this Shabbona? He was 
a member of the Ottawa tribe of Indians, born as 
the best authorities think, in Ohio somewhere on 
the Maumee river. He was the grandnephew of 
the great Indian chief, Pontiac. He lived at the 
time of Tecumseh and the Prophet. He knew them 
both and took several long journeys with the for- 
mer. For a time he was a friend of Black Hawk. 
He knew Keokuk, Big Foot, Sauganash, Black 
Partridge, Snachwine. Wabansee and Eed Jacket. 
He probably knew Big Thunder. Spotka. the Pot- 
tawattomie chief, appreciated his worth, and as an 
indication of his appreciation gave his daughter in 

The name of this chief was not always spelled 
by writers in the same way. The following spell- 
ings are found : Shabbona, Chamblee, Shaubeue. 
Shabone, Shaubenay and Sliabehney. Shabbona 
seem- pelling preferred. The old chief 

liked to have his name pronounced, as if there 
hut two syllables to it. and to pronounce it as 
if it were spe 3 ney, with the accent on the 
first syllable. 

In appearance he was a very striking character. 
He would be singled out from among a body of 
Indians because of the native dignity of the man. 
He was five feet, nine inches in height, broad 
shouldered, with a large head supported by a heavy 
neck. His hands, for a man of his size, were small. 
His body was long so that when he rode on horse- 
back he appeared larger than when on foot. He 
was a well built man. When a young man he 



excelled in all kinds of athletic exercises. As a 
boy he was the picture of health. He was always 
large for his age. When a young man he weighed 
two hundred forty pounds. As has been intimated 
he was very muscular and capable of great endur- 
ance. Until his last illness, which occurred in his 
eighty-fourth year, he did not know what it was to 
be sick. 

One in speaking of him, says, "He was as strong 
as a buffalo, as swift of foot as a deer and as gentle 
as a woman." There are those who think that 
Shabbona, with his power to understand men, his 
soundness of judgment in dealing with matters 
that pertained to his race, his coolness in times of 
danger, his loyalty to principles, might have be- 
come one of the great men of the world bad be had 
opportunities of education. He possessed those 
characteristics that made him a leader. People 
loved him, they believed in him, they acted upon 
his suggestions. 

In the autumn, it was the custom of the In- 
dians to go on extended hunts in order that food 
might be secured and prepared for the winter. 
At this time of the year game was in good condi- 
tion and the fur of fur-bearing animals was at its 
best. Sometimes these hunts took the hunters a 
long distance from their homes. The Indians of 
certain tribes came to feel that they owned certain 
hunting grounds and looked upon others who 
might hunt upon these grounds as hostile to their 

In the autumn of 1800, a party of Ottawa hunt- 
ers from the country around Lake Erie went on a 
hunting expedition into what is now known as 
Illinois. This hunt led them around the lower end 
of Lake Michigan to the present site of Chicago. 
Here they felt at home as they were among their 
friends, the Pottawattomies. Among those who was 
sent on this hunt was a young man known as Shab- 
bona — the Shabbona about whom this article tells. 
This was his first visit to Illinois. When the hunt 
was over the Indians returned to their homes in 
the Ohio country. Shabbona, however, did not re- 
turn, but spent the winter at the home of Spotka ; 
the chief of the Pottawattomies at Chicago. As 
has been stated his stay with this chief resulted in 
Shabbona receiving Spotka's daughter in mar- 
riage. Shabbona was already a chief among the 
Ottawas and his marriage to the daughter of .1 

Pottawattomie chief made him a Pottawattomie, 
and later he became a Pottawattomie chief. 

By his sterling qualities he won the respect of 
his new brothers and as has been indicated became 
a chief among them. It is said that at first they 
were inclined to feci somewhat jealous of Shab- 
bona and as a result said some things of him that 
were not altogether good. Some of these remarks 
came to the cars of Shabbona. It made him feel 
sad to lieai- these things for he had tried his best 
to please those with whom he lived. After think- 
ing matters over for a time he decided that ne 
could stand it no longer, so one morning he arose 
and announced to his squaw, Coconoko, that lie 
was going to go back to his people to live among 
them. Bidding Coconoko good-bye he mounted his 
pony and rode away to the eastward. He rode 
and thought and the farther he got away from 
his squaw the more he thought. Before night 
overtook him he turned his pony about and re- 
turned to Pokonoka to live with her during the 
remainder of his life which closed fifty-nine years 
after this. While he was gone Pokonoka talked to 
her people about the injustice that had been done 
Shabbona. After this there was never any mire 
trouble along this line for they soon came to ap- 
preciate his worth. It was not long after this that 
Shabbona selected Shabbona Grove as his home. 

From 1800 to 1807 Shabbona traveled much 
among the Indians along the Illinois, Fox and 
Eock rivers. At times he went farther to the 
south, also up the Mississippi and into Wisconsin. 
The missionaries among the Indians often secured 
him to guide them as they went from tribe to 
tribe. In this way he became very well acquainted 
with the leading chiefs and with the country in 
which they lived. It is said that he could mark out 
a trail or river course in the sand, indicating all 
of the landmarks, so that it was easy for a stranger 
not acquainted with the country to find his way. 
This knowledge of the country and acquaintance 
with the chiefs was a good preparation for the later 
life that Shabbona led. 

In the year 1807, Shabbona had the good for- 
tune, if looked at in one way, and bad fortune if 
looked at in another light, to become acquainted 
with Tecumseh — Flying Panther — the chief of the 
Shawnee Indians, who was a man of many high 
qualities, impressive manners and wonderful nat- 
ural eloquence. Tecumseh was a little older than 



Shabbona but they were botli comparatively young 
men at this time, neither being over thirty-five 
years of age. The two chiefs had many councils 
together. Tecnmseh saw the evil influence of 
whiskey among his people so he prohibited its 
use. This and other tilings he did left their im- 
press upon Shabbona for good, although in later 
years Shabbona was known to imbibe somewhat. 

In the year lM<i. (iciieral Harrison met Tecum- 
seh on the Wabash in council. After ibis council 
Tecumseh went to Shabbona's village and persu- 
aded Shabbona to go with him to see the Indians 
of northern Illinois and Wisconsin to get them 
to join in concerted action in driving back the 
whites who were pushing then- settlements forward 
into their hunting grounds. These two chiefs went 
from village to village along the Illinois and Fox 
rivers. Then they went to the Winnebago and Me- 
nominee Indians to the north. Both of these tribes 
fought against the Americans during the war of 
1812. Tecumseh and Shabbona then moved to the 
south along the Mississippi, visiting the Sauks and 
Foxes, meeting Black Hawk and Wapello, the 
leading chiefs. At Rock Island the two chiefs 
parted. Tecumseh going farther to the south 
along the Mississippi and Shabbona returning to 
his home in DeKalb county. 

In the summer of 1811 Tecumseh and Shab- 
bona met Genera] Harrison again ai Vincennes in 
a second council. After a wordy conference Te- 
cumseh withdrew and with Shabbona and two 
Shawnee chiefs set out for the south to visit the 
Creeks. Cherokees, Choctaws and Seminoles. 
While absent his followers were defeated on the 
7th of November. 1811, in the battle of Tippe- 
canoe by General Harrison. 

After the visit to the south Shabbona returned 
again to the grove. It was while here that he 
heard of the declaration of war with England. 
There was a plan on foot to attack and capture 
if possible. Fort Dearborn before news could 
reach that place. Runners came to Shabbona tell- 
ing him that the attack was to be made and that 
the Pottawattomies were all to take part in the 
war. He decided that he would not go to the at- 
tack on Fort Dearborn as he had many friends 
there among the whites. Seeing the other Indians 
going he mounted his pony and went also. Snach- 
wine had planned and carried out the attack. When 
Shabbona arrived he was shocked to see what had 

been done. Scattered along the beach of the lake 
lay the forty-two (some say fifty-two) bodies of 
the victims of the massacre, scalped and muti- 
lated, women, children and soldiers alike. The 
body of Captain Wells lay in one place, his head 
in another while his arms and legs were scattered 
over the prairie. The remains of Captain Wells 
were gathered up by Black Partridge and buried 
near where they were found, while the bodies of 
the other victims were left where they fell until 
the rebuilding of Fort Dearborn in 1816 — four 
years later. Then their scattered bones that had 
bleaching in the sun were gathered up aud 
buried by Captain Bradley. 

The prisoners were placed in Kinzie*s house 
where Black Partridge and Shabbona tried to pro- 
tect them with their braves. Parties of Shawnee 
Indians arrived from the Wabash. These were 
thirsting for blood. They expected to arrive in 
time to take part in the attack. They rushed by 
Black Partridge and Shabbona to get at the pris- 
oners and had not Saguanash arrived just as he 
did their lives would have been taken. They 
would have shared the fate of the others. As it 
was they were saved and we feel grateful for the 
share that Shabbona had in the saving of their 
lives. They were made prisoners. Part of them 
were taken to St. Joseph and to Canada. Others 
were scattered among the different tribes of Pot- 
tawattomies but in time they were sent to Detroit 
and ransomed. 

After the massacre of Fort Dearborn Shabbona 
returned to his grove with his mind made up to 
take no further part in the war. In the fall of 
1812 emissaries from Tecumseh reached Shab- 
bona's village bearing presents and the wampum 
belt asking him and his braves to join with him 
in the war. Shabbona was deceived into believing 
that the Pottawattomies and many others of thi 
tribes in Illinois were going to take up the hatchet 
and join the English in their war against the 
Americans. So Shabbona gave up the winter hunt 
that he had planned to take and with twenty-two 
warriors left for the seat of war. On his way so 
the Wabash, where the Shawnees dwelt, he fell in 
with Black Hawk and the Indians under his com- 
mand. The Hawk and Shabbona had been frienns 
for many years and sat together many times in 
council. In this war Shabbona stood next in com- 
mand to Tecumseh. At Fort Meigs and Fort 



Stephenson the Indians were badly whipped by the 
Americans. This discouraged Black Hawk and his 
warriors so he, with them, returned to his home on 
the Mississippi. Shabbona, however, remained with 
Tecumseh and pushed onward, through Indiana 
and Ohio into Canada. In September, 1813, the 
battle of the Thames was fought and at this battle 
Shabbona saw his friend Tecumseh killed by 
Colonel Richard M. Johnson. Shabbona being 
second in command the leadership fell upon him 
The battle raging with fury and there seemed to 
be no chance for the Indians so he ordered his 
braves to retreat, which they did. Shabbona never 
expected to escape from the conflict alive. It is 
said that he prayed to the Great Spirit that if his 
life was saved he would never take up arms again 
against the whites. It was saved and from this 
time till his death he kept his vow. For this stand 
he lost prestige among the Indians. In derision 
they called him. "Friend of the White Man." 

The people of northern Illinois remember Shab- 
bona not for the part that he took in the war of 
1812 but for what he did after the war. Until 
184!) the grove in DeKalb county was his home. 
True, he came and went but this was where he 
lived with his family and where those of his family 
who had died were buried. The white settlers did 
not come to Illinois in very large numbers, until 
after the Indians were moved west of the Mis- 
sissippi, after the Black Hawk war. When Chi- 
cago was laid out as a town in 1830 there were 
twelve families besides the garrison. Three years 
later the population had increased to 550. After 
the war of 1812 Shabbona was always ready to 
protect the settlers in and about Chicago. 

In the fall of 1823 Fort Dearborn was vacated 
and troops did not occupy it again until the fall of 
1828. During this time the citizens of Chicago 
were unprotected except by the friendly Indians. 
All went well until the Winnebagoes took up the 
hatchet against the whites in 1827. At the time 
Shabbona went to almost every village of the Pot- 
tawattomies and persuaded them to remain at 
home, and not take part in the war. He told the 
citizens of Chicago that he would station his 
braves there and defend them if they wished him 
to do so. 

The people of Chicago requested Shabbona and 
Sauganash to visit the village on Big Foot lake 
(Lake Geneva), and try to persuade Big Foot tn 

not go to war with the whites. The two rode to 
the village on horse back. Saguanash did not en- 
ter the village but took a position so that he could 
see Shabbona as he met Big Foot and his braves. 
The meeting was not of a friendly nature. Shab- 
bona was accused of being a friend of the whites 
and an enemy of the Indians. Shabbona tried to 
convince Big Foot that the war with the whites 
meant the destruction of the Indians. The war- 
riors collected around the chiefs as they carried on 
their conversation. Big Foot became enraged and 
took out his tomahawk and was about to kill Shab- 
bona but was prevented from doing so by the war- 
riors who were standing about. The warriors took 
away Shabbona's rifle, tomahawk, knife and 
blanket and bound him with buckstring thongs 
after which he was led to an unoccupied tent and 
placed under the guard of two warriors. 

Saguanash saw all this from his hiding place on 
the bluff that overlooked the village. When it 
looked as if the fate of Shabbona was sealed he 
mounted his pony and rode to Chicago to tell the 
story of what he had witnessed. During the night 
the Winnebagoes held council and it was decided 
that it was not safe to retain Shabbona as a pris- 
oner so he was released and allowed to return to 
Fort Dearborn. This was against the wish of Big 
Foot. He released him but secretly set out on his 
trail with a few of his warriors determined to kill 
him if possible. Shabbona suspected something of 
the sort and urged his fleet pony forward and 
made his escape. Big Foot followed him for many 
miles but finally gave up the pursuit. This visit 
of Shabbona to the village of the Winnebagoes re- 
sulted in their remaining at home and Chicago was 
again safe. 

For several years preceding 1832, the Indians of 
northern Illinois had been comparatively quiet as 
far as outward signs were concerned, but there was 
a spirit of discontent prevalent among the Sauks 
and Foxes. They could not get over feeling that 
the whites were aggressors and that slowly but 
surely they were losing their land and being driven 
into the west, where they would have to encounter 
new enemies in new fields. This was not alto- 
gether to their liking. 

While the Indians wandered about from place to 
place, they, for the most part, had a home other 
than their wig-warns. Thev disliked to leave the 



place where they were born, especially if there was 
a good prospect of their never seeing it again. 
d times there centered about such a localitv a 
history and a body of traditions that tended to 
make it well nigh sacred to them. To be driven 
from the place where their dead for generations 
had been buried, engendered a just hatred for the 
whites that has not been easily blotted from their 

In Illinois, as elsewhere, the Indians and whites 
have not mixed. They were too unlike in their 
modes of living and in disposition to dwell in peace 
together. Where the whites settled the Indians 
gradually disappeared. For the most part they 
recognized the superiority of their aggressors. Oc- 
casionally we find a character like Shabbona. who., 
in a measure, took on the ways of the whites anl 
remained among them, to watch with interest the 
changes that followed their coming. 

In 1832 Black Hawk and the Prophet made a 
desperate effort to induce the PottaT - and 

Ottawas to join with the Sauks and Foxes in a war 
against the whites. It was February - 2 that 

a great council of S s, igoes 

and Pottawattomies was held at Indian Town. 
Many chiefs were present, among them Shabbona, 
who at this time was fifty-seven years of age. The 
council lasted for many days and nights. Eloquent 
appeals were made by Black Hawk to induce the 
other tribes to unite in a final attempt to drive 
the white man from the frontier. It was evident 
that if such an attempt were not made in a short 
time the whites would become so numerous that 
all hopes to drive them back would be fruitless. 
All of the Pottawattomies. but one tribe, joined 
Shabbona in opposing union of the tribes and the 
council finally broke up without effecting a union. 

At this time Black Partridge and Snaehwin?, 
the peace chiefs, were dead and Shabbona stood 
next in power among the Pottawattamie chiefs. 
Ever since Shabbona had seen his friend Teeumseh 
fall in battle at the Thames, he had been a mis- 
sionary for peace among the Indians. He had 
become thoroughly convinced that it was useless 
for the Indian to take up arms against the whites. 

When Black Hawk saw that he could not get the 
tribes to join, he went back to bis watch tower at 
the mouth of the Rock river determined on war at 
any cost. He then went across the Mississippi 
into Iowa. Here he remained until April, 1832, 

when he again crossed into Illinois and moved up 
the Rock river valley with his warriors. He moved 
on until he came to a point about twenty-five miles 
above Dixon ferry and from there he went east to 
a grove of timber which has since been known as 
Stillman*s Bun. 

At this point Black Hawk did not meet the 
warriors he had expected to meet in council with 
Black Hawk for the last time. It was here that 
the last war dance took place. Black Hawk tried 
hard to get Shabbona to join with him for he 
knew that if he secured Shabbona, practically the 
whole of the Pottawattomies would be in favor of 
the union and would take part in the war. Many of 
the Pottawattomies were doubtedless waiting for a 
chance to kill off some of their white enemies. A 
war would furnish such a chance. Sabbona was con- 
vinced that Black Hawk was determined upon war 
and could not be turned from his purpose. The 
Hawk said. "If we unite our forces we will have an 
army like the trees of the forest and will drive the 
palefaces before us like autumn leaves before an 
angry wind.''" Shabbona replied, "The army of the 
palefaces will be like the leaves on the trees anl 
will sweep you into the ocean beyond the setting 

Then we have the story of how he stole away 
from the council in the night, with his son and 
nephew, to warn the whites of their imminent 
In doing this he took his life in his hand, 
for, to fall across the path of Black Hawk meant 
death, for he had refused to join with him in war 
and had gone over to give assistance in everv wav 
to the enemy. 

This meant that Shabbona had lost caste with 
many of the Indian tribes. He could never again 
meet with them in council. He must be alert lest 
he be taken by his enemy, for he was looked upon 
as a traitor by the Hawk and his people. He must 
look for protection from the whites. 

It was a perilous undertaking to warn the sefc- 
tlers but in it lay their only s. -aabbona's 

son and nephew warned the settlers along the Fox 
river and at Holderman's Grove. The settlers 
were warned as far east as the DuPage river in 
DuPage county. The whites were urged to go to 
Ottawa and to Fort Dearborn as soon as possible 
so as to escape the fury of Black Hawk, which was 
sure to break upon them. This advice they fol- 
lowed. Shabbona warned the settlers of Bureau 





county and those along Indian creek. Some of 
the settlers went to Hennepin, some went to 
Peoria and others went to Springfield. Shabbona 
was in his saddle forty-eight hours. He rode nis 
pony to death, took off the saddle, borrowed an- 
other pony of a settler and went on his mission. Li 
his broken English he told the settlers to go. In 
some cases he rode back to warn them a second 
time and even begged them to make haste to leave. 
Often times in the past the settlers had Deen 
warned of impending danger and Indian hostili- 
ties, to find, after fleeing to the nearest fort, that 
the alarm was without foundation. A number 
were inclined to look upon Shabbona's warning as 
a false alarm. As a result many had barely time 
to escape Black Hawk and his warriors. At In- 
dian creek no attention was given to his warning. 
The Indians found the people of the settlement 
at work in their fields and about their homes and 
in a short time thirteen were killed and two girls 
were taken prisoners. 

Shabbona had sent his people to the east into 
Indiana to get them away from the reach of Black 
Hawk. After the war they returned to the grove 
in DeKalb county. .„_ : ,. ■ . 

You are familiar with the story of Black "Hawk 
after this, his attempt to escape to the north and 
his capture by the troops who were guided in their 
search by Shabbona. With his capture and the 
removal of the Indians to reservations west of the 
Mississippi river the terror of Indian massacre in 
Illinois came to an end. There soon poured into 
this rich prairie state a host of pioneers to lay 
under subjection the resources- of the wilderness in 
the building of their homes. 

It must have been a picturesque gathering in 
1835, as Pottawattomies to the number of five 
thousand assembled for the last time in a body at 
Chicago. They had come decked with all then- 
most showy ornaments, to draw their pay from the 
government. Pathetic indeed was it to see them 
in their last dance, displaying as they did, all the 
savagery of savages. On that August day the 
people of Chicago saw the last of a race as it took 
its departure, worsted in the struggle for existence, 
baffled at every point, and made to retire before 
the progress of the white man. To us the stoiy 
of the red man in Illinois seems a long way in the 
past but there are men living today who witness "! 
his departure. 

We will now turn our attention to the reserva- 
tion that Shabbona and his people owned for a 
time. In a treaty made at Prairie Du Chien in 
1829, the Pottawattomie Indians ceded their land 
in northern Illinois to the United States. At this 
time two sections were reserved as a home for 
Shabbona and his family. This tract of land in- 
cluded section 23, and the west half of section 25, 
and the east half of section 26, in town 38, ran"" 
3, east of the third principal meridian at Paw 
Paw Grove. The tract of land included one 
thousand two hundred and eighty acres of must 
excellent land in a very good locality. 

In October, 1832, these lands were again re- 
served for Shabbona in a treaty which was made at 
Tippecanoe. In 1833 it was provided that Shab- 
bona might sell his land if he felt inclined, but for 
some reason in 183-1 this privilege was taken from 
him. This left Shabbona's laud as regular reser- 
vation to be used by him until the government saw 
fiit to take it from him. At any rate this is the 
way the matter culminated finally. 

When the Indians were removed by the gov- 
ernment to reservations west of the Mississippi 
river the Indians of Shabbona's tribe outside of 
his relatives were made to go also. This was a 
hard blow for Shabbona. lie loved his grove and 
the graves of his dead. He loved his people 
and they loved him. When they went he went 
with them to see that they were well located. 

From 1835 until 184!) Shabbona did not make 
the grove his permanent home. He went to the 
west several times to visit his friends and in a 
few instances made extended visits, but he al- 
ways returned to Illinois and to his reservation. 
The people were for the most part glad to have 
him return and visit among them. His genial dis- 
position and the memory of what he had dor.e 
for them made the people reserve a warm affec- 
tion for Shabbona. 

About 1845 Shabbona sold part of his land to 
the Gates brothers. He was not aware of the 
fact that the right to dispose of his reservation 
had been taken from him. The Gates brothers 
soon sold the land that they had acquired to 
settlers who bought small patches principally for 
the wood. Many of these settlers lived on the 
prairie and the wood was of much value to them. 
It is said that during Shabbona's absence from 
the grove the surrounding settlers would cut the 



best timber that he had and haul it to their homes. 
In 1849 while Shabbona was away the 
commissioners of the general office decided 
Shabbona had forfeited his right t< 
his land by leaving it and that it should be sold. 
The men who purchased the land from the Gates 
brothers were now in trouble. All of Shah- 
bona's reservation was to be sold for one dollar 
and twenty-five cents an acre. It had been im- 
proved and was in some cases worth many times 
this amount. The people of Shabbona Grove 

ted two of their citizens, William Marks and 
Eeuben Allen, to bid in the land. The others 
went along to see that these men had a chance 
to monopolize the bidding. Tli one hun- 

dred and fifty determined men in the party ready 
to use force to carry their point if necess 
There were a few others there ready to bid in 
the land, but they had no chance to do so and 
the men from Shabbona Grove bought the land 
for one dollar and twenty-five cents an acre. 

Now comes the sad part of our story. Shab- 
bona had been in the west on an extended visit. 
He returned. ■ g to receive the remainder 

of the payments due from the Gates brothers and 
in receive the rent due him from his own land 
that had been rented. This happened in i 
It was night when he came to his grove, tired 
from his long journey. With him were his peo- 
ple numbering something less than twenty-five. 
They camped where they had been wont to camp. 
lor their tents, and a few 
faggots for a fire. Imagine their surprise in the 
morning when the man, or better, the brute, who 
owned the land ordered him with curses to leave. 
The man was brutal in his treatment of Shabbona 
and his people. One writer in speaking of his 
treatment says: "Here he had lived for many 

3, and here were buried his beautiful twin 
3, whose graves had been torn by the ruthless 
plowshare of his betrayers. Painting his face 
black, he fell prone o"er the little graves, calling 
upon the great spirit for strength and patience to 
endure his great affliction; living for a season on 
bitterness fed, he ate not, slept not. but constantly 
beat his breast, weeping and wailing until he grew 
wan and weary, then his powerful intellect wav- 
ered, tottered and fell, and he wandered forth 
without object or aim and was found lyinsr upon 
the ground away up on Bock creek, in Kendall 

county, in a distracted and starving condition and 
was brought back to life and reason by some good 

This leave- Shabbona without a home. 11 
said that he never again went back to his grove. 
It is said that once a year the squaws used to 
return and silently find their way to the place 
where their dead were buried and there a few days 
were spent in mourning, as n were, for their de- 
parted. They had very little to do with the peo- 
ple who lived at the grove except to ask for a 
little water or food. When their season of mourn- 
ing had passed they took their departure as silent- 
ly as they had come and went back to their peo- 
ple. For seven years following his return to Illi- 
nois he spent his time visiting those of hi- tribe 
who had moved to the west and his friends in 
Illinois. It was during this time that the figure 
- Shabbona riding his pony became a familiar 
sight in northern Illiu i tally in and about 

Chicago and to the south as far as and even be- 
yond the Illinois river. lie was a good rider and 
usually rode in his old age, for we must remem- 
bbona was seventy-five years of age 
when he was driven from his home in the grove. 
He did not care much for the roads of the whites, 
but would take the trails that led across fields and 
through the timbi these were shorter. The 

settlers looked for him every spring and in the 
fall. If he did not pass they would feel that 
something had been missed. 

Sometimes Shabbona traveled alone and again 
he traveled with a part or all of his family. His 
squaw always rode in a democrat wagon, sitting 
in the bottom of the box. filling it from side to 
side, for we must remember that she weighed in 
the neighborhood of four hundred pounds. She 
was so fat that it was with difficulty that she 
could get up alone if she lay flat on her back. 
She would get into the wagon by mounting -i 
chair and rolling over into the box. Her children 
. randchildren usually went along and drove 
the ponies. Others followed on foot or rode their 
ponies. If Shabbona happened to reach the home 
of a white friend late at night he was always very 
careful lest he might disturb them. In the morn- 
ing they would discover his presence by seeing his 
ponies grazing about or by finding him rolled up 
in his blanket on the porch or in some other well 
protected place. Late in the fall of the year when 



tlic weather was cold Shabbona rolled up in his 
blanket and seemed unmindful of the weather as 
lie slept. 

Sometimes he would stop for several days a1 a 
place, visiting his white friends. His nephews am, 
boys on these occasions played games with the 
children of the white people and all seemed to 
forget their race differences for the time. There 
was a healthy rivalry in their sports which made 
their coming, from time to time, an event in the 
minds of the younger people. These Indian chil- 
dren were well behaved as they had received tlv 
best of home (raining in manners from the hands 
of Shabbona. Some of the frills of modern civili- 
zation had been omitted in this training but those 
principles which tend toward the development, of 
strength of character had received attention. 

Shabbona knew his place and was always care- 
ful to never do anything to impose upon the man-, 
ners and customs of the whites. When he came 
to a farmhouse he was careful to use his own cup 
in drinking instead of using the one that he found 
at the well. As has been stated it was with diffi- 
culty that he could be induced to slay over nig] 
in a house and it was an equally diffieuH matter to 
gef him to sit down to eat at the fable with the 
whites. Occasionally this happened with his more 
intimate friends. His squaw, we are told, had ro 
wait until she had been waited upon by Shabbona. 
and orders had been given her by her lord to begin 
the process of eating. The Indians were very foni 
of the cooking of the whites. It. was not an un- 
common thing for Coconoko to gather up all that 
was left on the table in her apron and store it away 
to lie eaten on their journey later. The bread wa = 
very appetizing to them. The Indians liked the 
way the wdiites cooked meats. Frequently the* 
would take a deer that had been killed to tin 
whites to be cooked. The whites were glad to do 
this to please them and to receive a portion of 
the. vension, or whatever it might be. for their 

trouble. The Indians were especially f 1 of the 

gravy that went with the meat as if was returned 
to them. 

As Shabbona traveled about, among the whites 
he took a great interest in what they were do- 
ing. He liked to watch them to see how they did 
things and in this way he learend to do many 
things as the whites did them. At his home in 
the drove he had fences around part of hi? 

ground that was cultivated to keep his ponies 
from destroying his crops. He had learned to 
cultivate corn in very much the same way that 
the whites did at that time. He was always busy 
tinkering around at something. He was not a 
lazy Indian. What he did might have amounted 
to more than it did, but for an Indian it did 
very well. The whites respected his industry. 
They liked to have him question them as to their 
ways of doing things and were glad, for the most 
part, to help him to acquire their ways. 

Shabbona was quite a hand at doctoring. The 
whites often called upon him to help them with 
their sick'. Snake lulo ami wounds that would not 
heal he knew how to cure. He went to the woods 
and on the prairie and there gathered his medi- 
cines. His own good health and the good health 
of his family was pretty good proof of Ills ability 
along this line. 

People may wonder how Shabbona and his peo- 
ple managed to live after they were driven from 
i heir Grove. He was a good hunter and gained 
much in this way. In the fall of the year he went 
to Chicago and his friends found out what he 
lacked in the way of clothing and food for the 
winter and among themselves supplied his want?. 
The people who knew him in many parts of Illi- 
nois gave 1 1 1 in things as he visited them, but in 
-pile of all this Shabbona and his people were 
badly neglected by the whites, considering what 
he had done for them. After Shabbona's death 
those who remained for a number of years lived 
as paupers and beggars and at times their condi- 
tions were pitiable. 

We are told that Shabbona was quite anxious 
that one of his daughters should marry a white 
man and it is said that lie offered to give a goodly 
sum of money to any good respectable white man 
who would marry one of them. No one seemed to 
be inclined to take up his offer as the daughter 
he had was built on the same plan that her mothei 

Shabbona was quite a public character and 0:1 
all great occasions he was made much of. He was 
always the center of attraction at the fairs. He 
and his family were sure to attend. He appre- 
ciated very much the honor that was conferred 
upon him mi such occasions. On the Fourth of 
July, lSo?, there was a great celebration at Ot- 
tawa and Shabbona, his squaw, grandchildren and 



children were there. They led the procession. In 
the evening there was given a great ball which 
Shabbona and his people attended. At this ball 
the belles of the town came out in their finest. 
There was a desire to know who of them excelled 
in beauty and grace. Shabbona was made judge 
and in the most critical manner examined each 
lady in the contest who passed before him for 
inspection. He was called upon to give his de- 
cision. Here he showed his sense of humor, his 
insight into human nature and his appreciation 
of his wife. Turning to Coconoko, his squaw, he 
brought his hand down upon her well-rounded 
shoulder and said. "Much, heap, big, prettiest 

During the political campaign of 185S Shab- 
bona was present on the platform with Lincoln, 
Douglas and Lovejoy at the famous debate be- 
tween Lincoln and Douglas at Ottawa. At this 
time he was eighty-three years of age. 

Shabbona traveled much. On one occasion he 
went to Washington and while there met Colonel 
Johnson and the two talked over the battle of th- 
Thames and the death of Tecumseh. When they 
parted Johnson gave Shabbona a gold ring that 
he wore during the remainder of his life. 

On one occasion Shabbona. with a white man 
whose complexion was almost as dark as that of 
an Indian, was introduced to General Scott. Gen- 
eral Sent! took the white man to be Shabbona and 
in his pompous manner began to tell him how 
much he appreciated what he had done for 
whites in Illinois during the Black Hawk war. 
Shabbona stood it as long as he could and then 
pointing to himself said to General Scott. "M 

The Indian in Shabbona displayed itself on one 
occasion at Morris. Illinois. At this point theio 
was a toll bridge across the river. One of the 
citizens of Morris had taken it upon himself to 
pay toll for Shabbona and his people whenever 
thev wanted to cross the bridge. The toll keeper 
kept account of the times Shabbona crossed and 
interfered with his crossing in no way. On one 
occasion there was a new toll keeper who did not 
know of this arrangement. Shabbona appeared 
with his tribe and wanted to go over. The toil 
keeper would not let him cross without paying. 
Shabbona turned about and went to the man who 
was looking after his toll, secured a note from 

him, returned and was allowed to pass. He crossed 
to the end of the bridge, turned about, gave a 
whoop, and crossed and recrossed the bridge sev- 
eral times to show the toll keeper what he could do. 

After Shabbona was driven from his Grove he 
had no home until 1857, when people who were 
interested in him raised a sum of money and pur- 
chased a home for him of twenty acres in section 
20, town 33, range 6, in the town of Norman, 
Grundy county, Illinois. Here they built a house 
for him and tried to provide for him. He lived 
here until his death, which occurred July 27, 1859. 
lie lived to be eighty-four years of age. He was 
buried in a lot in Evergreen cemetery near Morris, 
Illinois. This lot was donated by the cemetery 
association. His wife lies buried in the same 
lot. She died November 30, 1864. Her death was 
pathetic. While crossing Mazon creek in her 
democrat wagon with a little grandchild in her 
arms the wagon was upset and she was drowned, 
although the water was but a few inches deep. 
The child was found beneath her. It was also dead. 
There are also buried in the lot his favorite daugh- 
ter Mary, his little granddaughters. Mary Okonio 
and Met-weteh. and his nieces, Chicksaw and Soco. 
All of Shabbona's people who remained moved out 
west after the death of Coconoko. 

On Friday. October 23, 1903, about fifty people 
gathered in Evergreen cemetery to witness the 
dedication of a monument to the memory of Shab- 
bona. Tbif sists of a huge boulder bearing the 
simple inscription, -Shabbona, 1775-1859" — n 
fitting mark for the resting place of one of Illinois* 
noble men. Shabbona wanted nothing to mark 
rave for he said that the life that he lived 
should be his only monument. It was largely 
through the instrumentality of P. A. Armstrong, 
of Morris. Illinois, and a body of workers that this 
monument was erected. 



Sept. 1. 1902. 
The first thing I knew about Shabbona my fa- 
ther went to his wigwam to buy enough trees cf 



him to build a log house. He told him who he 
was, then Shabbona introduced himself and family 

"THIS ME SHABBONA" (laying his front 
finger on his breast) . 

"THIS ME POKENOQUAY" ' (meaning hia 
squaw), and then he pointed to Siboquay as his 
pappoose and pointing to her three children, 
POOSES." The introduction over my father 
made known his business, but the old chief thought 
it beneath his dignity to sell trees to a Shemoka- 
man, and would not let him have a single tree. 
Consequently, he bought the trees of Peter Miller, 
and we had a shanty to cover our heads made 
from them in which we lived five years. 

Shabbona was generous with the white people 
and he would bring a quarter of a vension to his 
neighbors frequently, and once in a great while 
a wild goose and a duck. Often he would go from 
house to house and eat with any one that would 
ask him. One Saturday he came to our house 
and father asked him to sit up to the table and 
have some breakfast. He looked around the table 
and made the remark, "ME NO SEE UM ME NO 
EAT UM." We had eaten every bit of bread 
that there was in the house for our breakfast and 
were going to bake that morning, but that did nor 
help us out for the meal. He had asked Shab- 
bona to eat, so I frowningly said in a whisper, "We 
have not a particle of bread in the house." The keen 
eyed old fellow saw the maneuvering and said, 
"LAZY SQUAW." He thought I did not want 
the trouble of getting his breakfast, but father 
said "Bake him some pancakes." So I did and ir 
proved to be the very thing he liked best, and I 
retained my good name in his opinion, which I 
have valued highly — being only about sixteen years 

The Indians in those days would not work. 
They would hunt and the squaws did all of the 
drudgery, such as cutting the wood and hauling 
it by hand, and they had to keep the fires in the 
wigwam and they cooked the succotash to eat, and 
the corn and beans were some of their own plant- 
ing and harvesting the summer before. The In- 
dians furnished the meat for them. 

They generally had a tame skunk running 
around for a pet, and they would play with them 
as we play with kittens. The government gave 

each of Shabbona's children a pony and they 
never went on foot anywhere. They never pro- 
vided anything for the ponies to eat during the 
winter, so the ponies had to steal what they ate. 
As none of us had barns we had to stack the hay 
outdoors. The ponies used to eat nights. The 
boys of the neighborhood would catch them and 
ride them down as far as Somonauk creek, ten 
miles away. They would drive all they did not 
ride and leave them in the woods and would keen 
about three ponies and then get on their backs 
and come home. In about three days old Shab- 
bona would come along and ask, "YOU NO SEE 
UM PONIES ?" Then we would innocently ask, 

"How long they been gone, Shabbona?" and ht 
KNOW"; but they always managed to find their 
way back in a few days and then there would be 
more fun for the boys. 

Shabbona understood the geography of the 
United States and Canada to perfection. Just give 
him a piece of chalk and start him on some stream 
or lake, say Lake Superior, and he would mark 
every bit of water and tell you what it was named 
and what the Indians called it. In fact, he would 
mark over a whole floor and tell us just where the 
different bodies of water were located. One time 
he told us he was Tecumseh's aid and saw John- 
son kill him with a little gun that went "PING." 
My brother, Harvey Allen, was there when he was 
telling it and he said, "Why didn't you rush in 
between them and kill Johnson?" "OH," said 
Then he shook his sides with silent laughter as 
though he always liked the white man best. He 
had the faculty of going through gestures in all 
his talk which made it doubly interesting to his 

The Indians made maple sugar in the spring 
of the year, and old Pokenoquay superintended the 
making of it. She would sit down flat on the 
ground near the boiling kettle and when the 
boiled syrup was near sugar it had a tendency to 
run over into the fire, and to prevent such a catas- 
trophe the old squaw chewed fat pork and would 
spit the grease into the boiling liquid, and it would 
go down and keep so until old Pokenoquay had 
time to get another mouthful to deposit, and she 
would keep it up until the sugar was done. 



For a few years the w hite man came I 
the east, so man) in aumber and all wanted a few 
ai res of timber to fence their farms and get woo i 
for their fires that Mr. Warham Gates, of Paw 
Paw, bought the grove of Shabbona and he pi ■ 
suaded Uncle Sam to sell it at one dollar and a 
quarter an acre. Then poor old Shabbona felt as 

:\i this grove was no longer his. Ee << 
would live in the log house thai Mr. Gates had 
built for him. Be wanted to go away (his old 
place is uow owned by William Eusk), and m; 
brother took them to Chicago in a double wagon 
and when one half way there the) stopped and 
camped out all night. They had brought a hop 
with them and proceeded to kill and dress it In- 
dian fashion. They buill a big fire made 
rails which the) took Erom the farmers 
and killed the hog and four of the [m 

and tossed H through and throug] 
the blaze until every bristle was singed off. Th . 
then took oul the intestines and old Pokenoqua) 

them and run thi m humb and finger and they - i n ithou 

a particle of Main having been on them until 
1 1 1 1 ■ \ were in the kettle over the fire and thai was 
all thej had for their supper. Thi d my 

brothi ew, but he declined il for he 

had brought his own lunch with him. Then 

told him to get son i thi meat i hog, 

which he did, and after taking off the skin and 
broiling it on the end of a sharpened stick he took 
some of the butter off his bis uits and spread it 
on the meat. Be called it is. You know 

the Indians never eat salt on an) occasion. When 
Shabbona and his family ram.- back to their | 
my father had passed away. I had married and 
I had never seen any of the Indians since their 
return. I met the old chief just turning in at ou. 
bai '-. gate. Hi and sat there like 

si statue. 1 hurried up to him and held out mj 
hand and said. "How do you do Shabbona"; and 
he said, "SHOW-IN" (which meant no) "ME 
NO SB \l'l'n\A." "Yes, you are Shabbona," 1 
said. "I know you.*' Tie still kept, his face 
straight and kept saying "SHOW-IN" for five 
minutes and then he gave in and said I was right. 

ed li i in to comi into the house where my 
mother was. Ee shook hands with her and said. 
"ME NO SET- UM BIG INJUN." We told him 
In was dead, hut he would not believe it and 

wanted to go upstairs to see if we were fooling 
him, so we gratified him and at last convinced him 
of the truth, tie seemed to feel bad and kept 
saying, "DEAD, DEAD." We had a good visit 
with him, but he wanted to bee my Indian ami I 
told him he had gone east. Then he laughed and 

You all know Shabbona was gone from hen 
fi w years and then came hack thinking it would 

be hi again, but he didn't like it lor it was so 

changed. Ee felt as though the white man didn't 
want him here an) more, and he went to Morri-j, 
Grund) county, and died. 1 do not know any of 
the date- of In- going awa) or the death of him 
- squaw, Pokenoquay. 


EV5 \\ . II. FAY. 

Undoubtedl) for thousands of years the red man 
hunted and fished in the country that is now 

know n as 1 >e Wall, count) . I Inder > ther I i 

would it lie possibl in account for the number of 
chipped implements left in the Held- the) oc- 
cupied. There i- i vidence that the) built 

homes and it is probable thai fo] oni generation 
after another they lived in wigwams about the 
same as they occupied when our forefathers ap- 
peared on the scene \~ Ear back a> it is known 
tli ■ men hunted and fished and protei ted thi ir 

camp I ting grounds from the encroachments 

ronger I ribes. ' lenerat ions of this life seemed 
to make them naturally what they were, expert 
marksmen, rigilant in chase and skilled defend- 
ers of then- wigwams. It was natural that the 
drudgery of the camp was left to the squaws, who 
tilled the crops, carri d the water, and did all the 
manual labor of the camp. The generations of 
occupancy will never be known. Archaeologists 
tell of a battlefield that was recently discovered in 
where some 20,000 persons were 
killed in a hand to band conflict. The skulls were 
broken in with stone axes and chipped arrows and 
ra pierced the hones. Great deposits of earth 
covered the scene and from top of which great 
had grown. Ti seeme to dem< that 

this country had been peopled from ten to twenty 
thousand years. 



The number of chipped implements found 
yearly in De Kalb county adds evidence to this 
contention. For seventy-five years thousands and 
thousands of leadened balls have been scattered 
over the fields of De Kalb county, yet it is only 
a few times in a life time that a person finds one. 
On a southern battlefield where a million shots 
were exchanged it is possible to pick up a hand 
full of bullets, but scarcely easier than to find the 
same number of relics of the stone age in De 
Kalb county. 

The implements found here consist, in the main 
of chipped arrow and spear points, knives, scrap- 
ers, drills, picked stone axes, cells, hoe points, 
scrapers, band ground, carved pipes, gorgets, cere- 
monial stones, sinkers, beads, and a few speci- 
mens of broken crockery. 

While the greatest number are found along 
streams yet frequently far out in the prairie many 
specimens are found. Probably the most highly 
prized specimen found in De Kail) county is an 


arrow point piercing a deer rib. found by Levi 
Erwin near Sandwich. Mention was made of this 
specimen in the Smithsonian reports of 1897. In 
1900 Harry Congdon unearthed a bone five inches 
long, in which was embedded a chert arrow. It 
was found along the banks of the Kishwaukee, 
near Normal Park, De Kalb. Prof. Dorsey of the 
Field Columbian Museum pronounced the bone the 
tibia of a buffalo. The same year a finely chipped 
hook was found near Kapas' fishing grounds, near 
Coltonville. These valued specimens are a part of 
the exhibit at the De Kalb Normal Museum. This 
collection consists of 2,000 chipped implements 
and as many more parts of implements and' chips. 
The largest collection in the county is owned by 
Mark W. Cole of Kingston, and contains between 
ft, 000 and 10,000 pieces, representing about every 
state or tribe in the county. 

Other collections of more or less note have been 
collected by : 

1 la ( ionverse, Sandwich. 
Dr. J. M. Postle, De Kalb. 

Heckman, Kingston. 

R. G. Davy, De Kalb. 
Win. Allen, Sycamore. 
A. Cooper, De Kalb. 
Dr. G. D. Carter, De Kail,. 
Amos Johnson, Malta. 
A. E. Jacobs, Malta. 

How, when and by whom were the arrows made 
will ever be veiled in mystery, yet much is known 


of the industry. Generations ago perhaps thou- 
sands of years, hunters in their efforts to secure 
a thin, hard, sharp point for the arrows, discov- 
ered that stone that breaks with chonchoidal frac- 
ture (as glass chips) was best suited for the pur- 
pose. A fracture out of the flat side of a piece of 
glass will make a chip about as broad as it is 
deep. They then seemed to learn that a fracture 
on a corner would make a long thin piece. The 
ridge along the back of the piece seems to keep 
it from breaking out, giving a piece longer than 
it is wide. 

This is called a flake and is the raw material 
from which arrows are made. It usually has two 
or more fractures on one side and one on the 
other. They are seldom found and while thou- 
sands of arrow points are picked up there will be 
but a few flakes and some of them discards. 

The next element of arrow manufacture is the 
chips. They are of the same form as the flakes, 
but are smaller. Ordinarily they are the pieces 
broken from a flake in making an arrow. A 
typical chip is a thin piece of stone with from 
Ihree to six fractures on one side and but one on 
I he other. 

The chips are the evidences that locate camps 
and furnish much knowledge of Indian customs. 

Rut little of the material used is from native 
stone. As there are chips found about everywhere 



from hundreds of different textures of stone and 
comparatively no evidence of the production of 
the flakes in the prairie country, and while at 
the various chert quarries there is abundant evi- 
dence of flake making and little evidence of ar- 
row making it is reasonable to conclude thai 
pert flake makers frequented the quarries and 
undoubtedly exchanged arrow Hakes with the tribes 
Erom De Kalb county for meat, game, Blrins and 
other products of the prairies. 

K. is certain that the chert spades, some of them 
from 6 to 1 l inches long, came from the quarries 
of Union county, 111., below St. Louis. Tons of 
iv 1 1 1 -e and discard material is found al tins place, 
mstrating that flakes for main larger as well 
as smaller implements were got out. Chips of 
chert by the thousand ound all over the 

state identical to that of the quarries ol l T nion 
i ounty. 

In the same waj i nips of colored Bin! 
chalcedony, obsidian, agate, smokj topaz and 
quartzite, less frequently found her'-, come from 
,ii the Ro a! ither dis- 

t.iin places. Nbl oni in one hundred of the ar- 
rows found here appear to be made of native 
stone. At about anj i or a hun- 

md ii" two -'"in i" come 
from tli. Bame rock, demonstrating thai consid- 
erable time has elapsed Bince the chips were made, 
or thai they were very dilif 


Fii>t learn to know a chip when you see it. 
Where you find tl numbers it in- 

thi cation of a i si udy thi 

roundings and judge where would be the natural 
hunting grounds or burial places. Observe the 

v where v 
has washed the soil away, leaving the stones on 
the surface. Ton abrupl a washing is not the 
bi i condition. Visit after rains imps when 

een plowed. 

By this method of observation Indian eai 
have been located in TV Kalb township as fol- 
lows: At Ooltonville. the high clay bank on Ell- 
wood farm. J. S. Cusson'^ garden, the street along 
the Kishwaukee west of the shoe factory, the I 
ard vineyard, the Foster farm and the Normal 
rampus. Tt is rarely that one could make a tour 

of these places when the conditions were right 
without picking up from ten to fifty relics of the 
stone age. The same conditions appear in the 
other townships, especially Sycamore and King- 

Some implements that are found in abundance 

elsewhere are seldom found in De Kalb county. 

Stone axes, pipes and brads are very scarce, pottery 

loin found and copper points are almost un- 

known. Although located in the natural corn 

bell then seems to be an absence of mortars and 

grinding molds. Ovens are scarce. Very lit- 

idence of molds has been reported. 

01 D i'i K mi; OOUH CI lM'l INS. 

The most noted Indian of this locality of later 
days was Shabbona, the great friend of the white 
man. He had his wigwam at Shabbona drove. 
II;- council had i'reat weight in preventing war- 
tare between the two races. 

Wau-ban-se, almost as noted as Shabbona, had 
acampal Paw Pa\i grove. This celebrated Indian 
figured quite prominently in the In.; torj of 


Nexl tn Shabbona ami Waubaunse the mosl 
is Indian who lias lived in !»'■ Kalb count] 
in later days 3. Be was chief of a band 

of I'.'ttav. who had a camp on the high 

bank of the Kiswauk© in the southwest 

quart if 1 ' Kalb town-' 

field where Kapas bad In- Eorty tents was a 
wards made famous by tin- conference of Lincoln, 
I or and Davis at the time of the Black Hawk- 
war and was the site of the first court house of 
1 1> K.ii iiity. 

Kapas 9 followers were sturdy types of the race, 
cultivating fields of corn, maintained a maple 
sugar bush and had quite a trade in furs. They 
carried on an extensive exchange of commodities 
with tin- trading posts of Chicago and in oonse- 
ce were well clothed, had abundance of am- 
munition and seem' and happy people. 

There was the besl of feel een the tribes 

nf Kapas and Shabbona and they were constantly 
associated together in hunting expeditions. Shab- 
bona, who had a greal reputation for wisdom and 
fairnrs-. was constantly called upon as an arbi- 
trator of contentions thai arose in the Kapas fol- 
lowers, and his decisions wen- considered final. 




- , _ENOX 



Although an Indian of great force of charac- 
ter and influence, Chief Kapas had his weakness. 
Although he had three squaws and grown-up chil- 
dren, he was sometimes found lavishing his at- 
tentions upon the favorite squaws of his brave fol- 
lowers. One night a young hunter after passing 
the day in chase returned to camp and found his 
chief occupying his wigwam and that his bride 
was unfaithful to the marriage vows. Without 
waiting for an explanation, he drew his gun and 
sent a bullet into Kapas' brain. The assassin 
made no attempt to escape and on the following 
day presented himself to meet his fate. In the 
presence of the entire board he was shot through 
the heart by the son of the chief. Kapas was 
buried with great pomp and ceremony. His body 
was placed in a sitting position, and around him 
were placed his rifle, bow and flint tipped arrows, 
stone axe, pipe and tobacco, blankets, and other 
articles of use and decoration. Around him was 
built, a stockade consisting of logs built after the 
fashion of a log house of the primitive fathers. 
It was about 3x5 feet and about 5 feet high 
In this burial place the body remained after the 
Indian tribe moved west of the Mississippi river. 
It was on the Colton farm, north of the Sycamore 
road and east of the road that leads north to :the_ 
Five Corners, and was seen by many of the citi- 
zens of De Kalb county of the present time. 

In 1846 the skeleton was removed by Dr. George 
Richards of St. Charles and placed in the museum 
of his medical school. For many of the facts in 
regard to Kapas we are indebted to Matson, au- 
thor of life of Shabbona. 

There were other Indian tribes located in the 
groves in other towns (if the county, but their 
chiefs seem to have escaped the distinction of hav- 
ing their names perpetuated. 



These incidents of Indian history happened just 
outside of De Kalb county. 

Through the research of John F. Steward the 
lost battleground, where three hundred Fox In- 
dian warriors, with women and children, were be- 
sieged by 1,300 French and Indian allies, 1730, 
and killed, was located on Fox river near Piano. 
Mr. Steward made trips to Europe, examined the 

maps mi record, and believes that he has positively 
located the scene of this eventful affair. The 
grounds answer the description as to surroundings 
by streams, elevation and traces of a stockade and 
earthen works are still visible. The French rec- 
ords tell of the besieged party going down to the 
stream for water under cover of a row of ever- 
green trees, and a few of these trees still form a 
line from the hill to the river. In 1900 Mr. Stew- 
ard erected a boulder, upon which is carved the 
leading facts of the event. 

Just south, Paw Paw township, on Indian creek, 
on March 20, 1832, the Indians killed fifteen per- 
sons, and made captive Rachael and Sylvia Hall, 
aged 17 and 15 years, respectively. They were 
taken to Wisconsin, but were released after several 
days of anxiety. Rachael afterwards married 
William Munson, and two of her sons and grand- 
children now reside at De Kalb. Sylvia married 
W. S. Horn, and for many years lived m Nebras- 
ka. A monument lias been erected in Freedom 
township to mark the burial place of the fifteen 
persons killed. 

About the same distance from the Kingston 
line occurred the Stillman valley battle with Black 
Hawk's warriors, in which eleven men were killed. 
ftye wounded, with a loss of thirty-four to the In- 
dians. In 1892 the state erected a monument upon 
this battlefield. 


At the time of the Black Hawk war, in which 
Abraham Lincoln participated, there was a notable 
conference at Coltonville. At the meeting there 
was present General Zachariah Taylor, afterwards 
president; Abraham Lincoln, afterwards presi- 
dent, and Jefferson Davis, later secretary of war 
and president of the confederacy. According to 
Ida Tarbell's history Lincoln at this time made 
two tri] s across De Kalb county. 


In my wanderings up and down 
I found a spot of sacred ground. 
Where shrubs and trees do yet abound. 



It ii lis my soul with thoughts of yore, 
With thoughts of men who've gone before. 
It lies just west of Sycamore. 
T'was here in eighteen thirty-two, 
A band of warriors brave and true, 
A council held i<> plan anew, 
To save the - ttlers from a fate 
Thai otherwise might overtal i 

The ]H"t rs of western ,-iate. 

"I'was at the time of I'dack Hawk'.- war. 

A time of trouble and of gore 

That shall return, no, never more. 

The leader of tin- warrior band 

Was "Rough and Ready," with bis hand 

Mi made th( aa1 ■ ndi rstand. 

Zachary Taylor was his nan 

In Mexico he won a Eame 

Thai through the ages .-hall remain. 

The Governor was also here, 

His name was Reynolds, full of cheer, 

Por set! lers thai ar; 

Ami here was Davis, young and -'rung, 

re he took the cause of wrong 
[nstilled bj Calhoun ami 1ns throng. 
II, n. tun. was John, surnamed Dement, 
And Lincoln in his blue jean- wenl 

•it here on str - bent. 

These wen tin leaders of the men 
\\ bo homes ami lift their ken 

\\ 1th hopes of coming back again. 
'Twas in flu' mi. nth (we call it May), 
I .. men were called in haste away. 
For man} da had to stay. 

plan! in- then had ii"t begun, 
They left thi tab 'lie gun 

go where dut] bad i an. 

Stam -ill ami thill. 

Ahra'am I. n& m p as 3Worn in. 
Jeff 1 'at i- read tl i oath to him. 

They march'd through \* Is, and -v. 

and lie' 
And oft went hungry from their meals. 

When T am worn, fatigued and sore. 
1 think of men who've gone before, 
Whose Lives w< Erom limb to core. 

Our lives are greater far than trold, 
Or idle health, or pleasure hold. 
They reach to futures yet untold. 

G. W. .Tacobson. 

It is generally stated in the public histories of 
Wisconsin and Illinois that the defeat of Black 
Hawk opened to settlement northern Illinois and 
the southern portion of what is now Wisconsin. 
Unqualified, this statement is misleading; indi- 
rectly, it is true that the war proved a powerful 
agent in the development of this region. The In- 
dian.- in themselves were no obstacle to legitimate 
settlement, frontiers of which were far removed 
Erom Black Hawk's village, and need not to have 
crowded it for several years to come. Of course, 
it was necessary in time to clear the path for civ- 
ilization. What this war had accomplished in the 
rritorial development was to call national 
attention in a marked manner to the attractions 
ami resources of tins pari of the great northwest. 
The troops acted as explorers of this tract, con- 
cerning which nothing has been known definitely 
among the white men. It is also stated that the 
Sauk Indians had not inhabited the part of Illi- 
nois north of the mouth of the Kishwaukee, and 
when the war was fought and they were followed 

Wisconsin, it is ; led that they were 

unfamiliar with that country and employed Win- 
nebago guides. Immediately after the war the 
i :■- of the eastern and older settled middle 
filled with descriptions more or fess 
full of the scenes and possibilities and prospective 
■ in the Rock River valley, of the proves 
and i on every hand ami el the dense for- 

.-i- of Wiscon-m. From the press were issued 

- and pamphlets and accounts of the newly 
For the mosl part crude pub- 
lication- abounding in error and today unknown 

!.. the historian, bu1 it is true that they did 
advertise the country and set flowing thither the 
tide of emigration. There necessarily followed in 
dm- time the opi n -ale of the public lands 

hitherto reserved and the properties of what terri- 
tory remained among the Indian tribes of the 
district. The Winnebagoes, hitherto unfriendly, 
were humbled and the spirit, of miscbiefmaking 

d. This will be noticed was the last Indian 
uprising in the northern states easl of the Mis- 
sissippi river. This incidental subduing of the 
Winnebagoes and the broad liberal advertisement 
given to the theater of disturbance were therefore 
the two practical and immediate results of the 
Black Hawk war. the consequences of which was 



at once to give enormous impetus to the develop- 
ment of the state of Illinois and the territory of 



This part of Illinois now known as De Kalb 
county was unknown to civilization previous to 
L832, unless it was an occasional hunter or trap- 
per. The home of Shabbona after the defeat of 
the British and Indians at the battle of the 
Thames in October, 1813, was in the grove that 
still retains his name, and to a few hunters and 
trappers only, who sought his protection, this por- 
tion of our country was known. 

The army under General Whiteside marched 
from Dixon after Stillman's defeat on May 14 
1S32. to the scene of battle, buried Captain Ad- 
ams and his brave men, who alone stood their 
ground while the army fled utterly routed to 
Dixon. From Stillman's field the army, hearing 
of the massacre at Big Indian creek in what is 
now La Salle county, marched to the mouth of 
Sycamore creek — now Kishwaukee — followed the 
course of that stream to what is now Coltonville 
on section 1, De Kalb township, having passed 
through what is now Franklin, Kingston, May- 
field, Sycamore and De Kalb townships. Here a 
council of war was held at which General White- 
side presided. The slight elevation just east of the 
Coltonville crossing of the Kishwaukee is given as 
the particular spot where this famous council was 
held. General Zachary Taylor, then colonel of a 
regiment of regular troops, had a seat in the 
council. On his staff were Jefferson Davis and Al- 
bert Sidney Johnston, the lientenants. Here, 
too, was Abraham Lincoln, then captain of Illi- 
nois volunteers; General Bobert Anderson, later 
of Ft. Sumpter fame ; General Harney ; Governor 
Carlin, William Hamilton, son of Alexander Ham- 
ilton; and Governor Eeynolds. 

Zachary Taylor with his characteristic energy, 
courage and a desire to strike the enemy until 
victory or defeat resulted urged relentless pursuit 
of the Indians, and he was thoroughly disgusted 
when the deliberations resulted in a tie vote to 
pursue the Indians under Black Hawk. The army 
marched to Shabbona Grove, committed some 
depredations on friendly Indians, for which they 
were compelled to make restitution, then marched 

to Ottawa and were disbanded. The conduct of 
the volunteers during this war reflects no credit 
on American arms, and in many cases, notably at 
the Battle of Bad Axe, fired upon helpless women 
and children, killing and wounding many. The 
soldiers from southern Illinois saw this countrv 
north of the Illinois river for the first time and 
resolved to make their homes here on the con- 
clusion of hostilities. 

Near the village of Stillman Valley the state 
has erected a monument costing $5,000 to the 
memory of Captain Adams and his ten comrades 
who alone of the well equipped force of Stillman 
stood their ground and in the twilight of that 
eventful evening of May 14, 1832, added new 
luster to American arms and sealed their devotion 
to home and country with their lives. 

At the dedication of this monument Lieutenant 
Governor L. Y. Sherman was orator of the day 
and F. E. Stevens, the historian of the Black 
Hawk war, gave an account of the battle. The 
monument was unveiled by a grand niece of Cap- 
tain Adams and a survivor of that battle honored 
the occasion with his presence. 

It is held by many that an army under General 
Scott passed through the north part of our coun- 
iv. and as proof mention the fact of a corduroy 
bridge that was in 1836 still in existence across 
a little stream that enters the Kishwaukee just 
west of the business portion of Kingston. That 
is explained to our satisfaction in this way : The 
army of General Whiteside in their march from 
Stillman's field kept on the south side of the Kish- 
waukee and of course would be compelled to bridge 
streams entering the Kishwaukee if they were 
too deep to ford, and that spring was wet and the 
streams were high. 

General Scott in his autobiography outlines his 
march as follows : From Fort Dearborn to Naper- 
ville, from Naperville across the Fox river at a 
point near the site of Aurora, from Aurora to 
Somonauk creek at a point near the present United 
Presbyterian church in Somonauk township, 
thence to the present Boss Grove,' Paw Paw Grove 
to Dixon's Ferr}', now Dixon. There may have 
been many a detachment of his army in this vi- 
cinity, for a cannon ball was found on the bank 
of the Fox river just north of St. Charles at i 
point given by settlers of 1834 and 1835 as the 
Scott crossing. 



Another evidence worthy of consideration is ihe 

well tiffined marks of an encampment seen by our 
early settlers near the mouth of Deer creek in Ge- 
noa township. And finally the grave of a soldier 
under a lonely burr oak smith of Shattuck's Grove 
in Boone county and only a few rods south of the 
present Davis church. 

It has been told us by early settlers that the 
army fearing surprise in the woods marched north 
in the point mentioned and encamped, and here 
the soldier died and was buried, but this could 
only have been a small portion of Scott's army in 
any event, and it is certain that the Scott trail 
became known later as the Galena roarJ, ovor 
which the Dixon mail route was established be- 
fore there were any permanent settlers in our 

The year following the Black Hawk war was 
one of quiet so far as settlers were concerned and 
none came to remain, although hunters entered 
from settlements along the Illinois river and no 
doubt adventurous prospectors came to look over 
the land, but finding the Indians not friendly and 
still -ore over their defeat and loss of land by 
the treaty of Prairie du Chien, which compelled 
their removal to the west of the Father of Wa- 
ters, they concluded not to remain among them 
and soughi safety hi the settlement in the vicinity 
of ( >ttawa. 

During the year llv'vi Lee, Ogle. Kendall. Du 
Page, La Salle and Carroll counties had permanent 
settlements mid it was ontj a question of a few 
mi mhs later that plans were made by the roving 
frontiersman for the occupancy of the land wa 
now know as De Kalb county. 

In 1834 a number of prospectors began to ex- 
plore tin- section, then a pari of La Salle county 
since 1831 and previous to 1831 pari of Peoria 
countj . Those who came to look over the land with 
a view to location were Hon. Frederick Love, an 
honored citizen, prominent in the early days 
our county. lie took up a temporary abode on 
the banks of the Fox river and returned the next 
year and located' permanently on the farm nov 
owned by his grandson, Frederick Love. "Hollen- 
beak. wdio had been driven from his home near 
Newark during the Black Hawk war. ci 
to this section, passed through SomonauV 
and Lost Grove, as far as the c Big Woods 
in Sycamore, and on his return ma im in 

settler's fashion to a portion of the fine grove 
since known as Squaw Grove, and to which he 
gave the name of Squaw Grove because of the 
large number of squaws that were encamped then. 
the male Indians being off on a hunting expedi- 

Marshall Stark was here in 1834, but returned 
and settled the next year. Hiram Buell passed 
through this section to the present site of Bock- 
ford. Beuben Boot also looked over the possible 
sites for future home in the vicinity of Freehand 
Corners. The Dixon mail route was established 
and followed the trail of Scott's army from Ft. 
Dearborn to Dixon. Along this route on section 
4. Somonauk township, was built the first hou-e 
in De Kalb county. This was used as a station 
along the mail route and during the fall of 1831 
was occupied by a man named Bobinson, who was 
the first white temporary occupant of a cabin in 
De Kalb county. His subsequent history is un- 
known, but from men who passed along the IHxon 
state route we learn that he lived alone and led 
an existence much as the Indians around him. In 
1835 Reuben Rooi kept tavern in this cabin and a 
few years later the Beveridge family, afterward 
prominent in county and state affairs, purchased 
Hie land on which it stood from a man named 
( laptain William Davis. 

John Sebree was the lir-t permanent settler of 
the county. He was by birth a Virginian. He 
lirought hi- family and considerable stock and in 
September, 1834, took up In- claim on section 15, 
Squaw Grove township. Here for a time he lived 
in a deserted Indian wigwam and later built a 
log house which sheltered not only his own. but 
the families of many settlers who came later until 
homes could be provided. It served as a hostelry, 
and even at this distant day some remain who 
shared the hospitality of "Jack" Sebree. 

Here he left his wife and children during the 
winter and returned to his former home for sun- 
plies, with neighbors no nearer than Millington, 
teen miles away, unless we mention the red 
men who apparently were not hostile to this hardy 
pioneer woman and her small children. 

In 1835 the stream of emigration turned toward 

that part of Illinois north of the Illinois river. 

The white covered wagons drawn by three or four 

ox teams might he seen crossing the Fox river at 

-. or if water was high they were ferried 



over ami again took up their course to the west- 
ward. In these wagons were the families and all 
their earthly possessions. In them they cooked 
their meals, ate and slept during the inclement 
weather, but in pleasant weather they often slept 
under the trees and cooked the meals outside. In 
every wagon you would find a flitch of bacon, some 
smoked ham and corn meal flour for the "Johnny 
Cake." In many instances the settlers drove their 
cattle and an occasional porker, not too fat for 
travel like the modern improved swine, hut a 
"razor hack" that could travel as fast as any ani- 
mal in the procession. Those who came and re- 
mained during the winter of 1835 were Lysander 
Darling, Dr. Norbo, a Norwegian, after whom the 
grove northeast id' Sycamore was named. Mr. 
Charters, Dr. Lee, Peter Lamois, the Walrods. 
Woods and Marshall Stark: while in Squaw Grove 
following John Sebree came his brother William 
and his family. Samuel Miller, Jacob Lee, John 
Easterbrook and Daniel Legget. 

At Somonauk were Reuben Root, David and 
William Sly and Dr. Arnold. In what is now 
Kingston were William Miller. Earmon Miller, 
Judge George H. Hill. Robert Robb, Isaiah Fair- 
elo. Captain Collier, who was in 1835, with Ste- 
phen Mow rv. elected justice of the Kishwaukee 
district of La Salle county, John Aurner, Hon. 
Levi Jonas Haight and James Dibble. In Ge- 
noa were Emery Moore. Samuel Cory and Thomas 
Munnahan. At Shahbona wen' Edwin and David 
Town, who occupied a deserted Indian wigwam 
until January 1. 1836, when they raised the first 
house in what is now Shabbona. Jesse C. Kellogg 
raised a cabin north of Sycamore and at once be- 
came a prominent factor in the county. In Dc 
Kalb, Frederick Love, Captain Eli Barnes. John 
B. Collins and Norman Moore, also James Paisley 

Ira Douglass, John Nichols, John Thorn took 
up claims in Mayfield. South Grove was settled 
by William Driscoll, and at best perhaps three 
hundred souls wintered at different groves, hut 
many retired upon approach of winter to eastern 
homes or more thickly settled parts of the coun- 

Many took up claims and a great deal of trou- 
ble followed. As the claims of European coun- 
tries overlapped each other, so the indefinite lines 
drawn by many squatters took in the other fel- 

low's property. Some took a claim for them- 
selves, for a brother, a sister and different mem- 
bers of his family, until a few different individuals 
in some cases controlled several thousand acres. 
Considerable trouble followed. Fights were of too 
frequent occurrence. Some "swinish claim jump- 
ers" were whipped and driven away. 


A true picture of the settlers' condition is given 
f\ Deacon Je.-se C. Kellogg in a series of letters 
published in The Sentinel in 1855 and dedicated 
to the settlers id' 1835. In every history of De 
Kalb county these articles have furnished the basis 
of the material, so we give the article here in 
total : 


Thursday, March 29, L855. 




(To the -old Settlers" of the County of De 
Kalb, a few of whom still survive to rejoice with 
me iii the present and prospective prosperity of 
our long cherished and growing county, these hasty 
|ieneilings of the past arc most affectionately dedi- 
cated by your old friend and fellow citizen.) 

De Kalb, one of the hundred counties of the 
Prairie state, contains eighteen townships, six hun- 
dred and forty-eight square miles, being more than 
half as large as the whole state of Rhode Island. 
The territory now embraced in this county prior 
to thi' spring of 1835 was in the possession of the 

Pottawatt tes of the prairie. Whether Joliet, 

Father Hennepin or La Salle ever visited any por- 
tion of this county or not is quite uncertain. In 
all probability, however, very few, if any, white 
men had ever looked upon the unsurpassing beauty 
of its island groves and fertile prairies until about 
the time of the defeat of General Stillman's army 
by the Indians on the Kishwaukee, near the nortti- 
west corner of this county in 1832. Volunteers 



from the central and southern portions of this 
state and others engaged in the Black Hawk war. 
returning to their friends after the "fuss." were 
the first, no doubt, to portray in glowing colors 
"the right smart chances for making claims*' in 
this charming region. But the "fullness of times* 
had not as yet come. True, some adventurous, in- 
terloping borderer with "desire may have desired" 
to "extend the area of civilization over some of 
the big trees and rich acres," here and there "lying 
and being" on the banks of the "roaring Kishwau- 
kee," but then he knew that he was sure to be 
driven off by the ever watchful Indian agent. 
Thomas J. V. Owen, backed by two companies of 
United States troops from Fort Dearborn. 

There were several Indian villages under subor- 
dinate chiefs within the limits of this county. 
One was near the residence of George H. Hill in 
Kingston, one near John Waterman's in Pampas, 
one near Calvin S. Colton in De Kalb, one near 
the old farm of John Eastabrooks, deceased, in 
Squaw Grove, and near the grove in the town cf 
Shabbona was the village of Shabbona. one of 
the head chiefs of the Pottawattomie nation. 

From this place, after the surrender of General 
Hull. Fort Mackinaw and the Chicago massacre ; 
Shabbona and his braves, accompanied by Waban- 
sia and his warriors, sallied forth to join the 
forces of Teeumseh and the Prophet, in aid of the 
British arms against, the United States in the war 
of 1812. 

Poor Shabbona! Warned by the Prophet of 
the Great Spirit of the encroachment of "Young 
America" no wonder that he should have sought 
to avert the calamity and crush the young giant 
before his sacrilegious foot should trample over 
his venerated dead, or before overawed by superior 
power and overcome by "fire water" in a moment 
of weakness, he should give the homes and hunt- 
ing grounds of his fathers to satisfy the all-grasp- 
ing avarice of "Che-mo-ko-manu." 

It having been noised abroad in the spring cf 
1835 that the Indians had agreed to remove west 
of the Mississippi the ensuing autumn, far- 
ther restraint was entirely out of the question. 
Although the monotonous song of the surveyor, 
"stake stuck and tally" had not yet broken the 
solitude of nature in those regions, nevertheless 
the impetuous "Sons of Japheth," like hounds 
"straining in the slips" were all in a tip toe to 

"dwell in the tents of Shem." Having learnel 
that "delays are dangerous" in "claim making and 
pre-emption fixins" in making their first debut 
into Chicago, where it is said that they were 
severally charged one shilling for the privilege cf 
leaning up against a sign post over night and two 
shillings for the "soft side of a white oak punch- 
eon"; down came the settlers upon the newly ac- 
quired purchase like a 'thousand brick." each 
carving out and appropriating to his own special 
use and benefit a most bountiful slice of very fat 
prairie with an abundance of good timber with 
which to cook it. 

Soon after the Indians had done their sugar- 
making, when the groves began to grow leafy and 
the prairies grassy, as the sun sank low in the 
west and the prairie wolves began to howl and the 
sandhill crane to scream and poke along the ponds 
and "sloughs" for their evening meal of crawfish; 
a close observer might have espied afar off on an 
Indian trail suspicious looking canvas, supposed 
to be the sail of a "settler's" wagon, evidently 
nearing some grove and in a strait to get "some- 
whar" before nightfall. Presently emerging from 
the dusky prairie, the settler's wagon, propelled 
by some four or five yoke of oxen, canopied with 
sundry bolts of sheeting: within containing th ■ 
family bedding, clothing and provisions; without, 
implements of cooking and husbandry, chickens in 
coop and pigs in pen, backed by a drove of cows, 
calves, colts and other young stock on foot, would 
loom up plainly to view, "fetching in" near some 
point, bay or plum thicket, where in after days 
"Bonnv chiels and clever hizzies" were to lift th j 
latch and force the way to a happy cabin home. 
It was no uncommon thing in those days for the 
mistress of the wagon to "pail the keows" in the 
morning and place the milk where, by the inces- 
sant motion of the wagon during the day, it would 
churn itself. In this way the family were pro- 
vided with a constant supply of good, fresh but- 
ter ; and old chanticleer and his dames in the 
coop behind, never caught napping when hens 
should be awake, would keep up the laying process, 
so that with other supplies from the wagon a set- 
tler's wife could usually "scare up" a pretty good 
meal on short notice. In this hitherto neglectsd 
spot, where "full many a flower" was "born to 
blush unseen and waste its sweetness on the desert 
air," the wean*, yet blithe and happy groups might 




have been seen to alight, strike a fire, prepare, ani! 
after craving God's blessing, eat their frugal meal; 
•when guarded by a watchful dog and a still more 
■watchful Providence they would retire for needed 
repose into the inmost recesses of the wagon home. 
And at early peep of dawn one might have seen 
the anxious settler reconnoitering. with hurried 
steps, grove and prairie, when after being '"de- 
tached here" — "countermanded there" — bothered 
alt i lost to death for fear that among so many good 
•chances he should fail to secure the best, at last he 
-would bring himself to the ''sticking point." seize 
"the axe and "blaze" the line in the "timber" and 
anon, hitch the team to the prairie plough and 
""mark out the furrow on the prairie." 

April .->. 1855. 
"In those days there being no king in Israel 
-every man did that which seemed right in his 
own eyes." The size of claims, therefore, varied 
from two eighty's of prairie and one of timber in 
a half section of timber and a tract of prairie two 
miles square. Some assumed the right to make 
and hold claims by proxy, being thereunto duly 
authorized by some brother, sister, uncle, cousin, 
aunt or friend. Meanwhile new settlers poured, 
in apace astonished to find the choice timber*antl 
prairie "blazed" and "furrowed" into claims, 
whose ample acres the claimant with all his chil- 
dren, uncles, aunts and cousins to the '•third and 
fourthgeneration" would never be able to till or oc- 
cupy. The new settler, perplexed, baffled and becom- 
ingmoreandmore desperate onfinding"God's green 
earth" thus monopolized, would approach his more 
fortunate neighbor with the spirit of Abraham to 
Lot — "Now I have come a great way to get some 
of this timber and prairie and one thing is certain. 
I am going to have some. There is enough for 
you and me and our boys. Now, don't let us quar- 
rel. You turn to the right and I will turn to the 
left, or vice versa." Some times this good Scrip- 
ture and consequently good common sense logic 
would win. but in other cases the grasping spirit 
of the borderer would stave off all kind of di- 
vision oi- compromise, and laying his hand upon 
his rifle he would bluster and threaten in "great, 
swelling words" and drive away the stranger from 
his right. Hereupon arose innumerable disputes 
and wrangles concerning the size, tenure and 
boundaries of claims. The more reflecting among 
-the settlers saw a dark cloud. bi<r with the ele- 

ments of strife and social disorder, gathering in 
the not very distant horizon, whose tornado blasts 
threatened soon to lay waste all that was of valuj 
in the rising community. There was no municipal 
law reaching these eases and if there had been the 
settlers probably would have been none the better 
for it, for it is believed that at this period there 
was neither a justice nor a statute book north of 
the Illinois river and west of Fort Dearborn, un- 
less we except Ottawa and Chicago. Wrongs and 
outrages for which there was no known legal 
redress were being multiplied. Blackened eyes, 
bloody noses and chewed ears were living realities, 
while the dirk, pistol, rifle with something like 
"cold lead" were significantly talked of as likely 
to bring about some "realities" which might not 
be "living." What could be done to insure do- 
mestic tranquility, promote the general welfare 
and secure to each settler his right? Evidently 
but one thing. Happily some had seen something 
in the New Testament about those who are with- 
out law being a law unto themselves and settlers 
found themselves in this fix exactly. It was, there- 
fore* apparent both from scripture and reason that 
the settlers must become "a law unto themselves" 
and "Where there was a will there was a way." 
"A settlers' meeting" at a given time and place 
therefore came to be the watchword from shanty 
to wagon until all were alarmed. Pursuant to this 
proclamation a heap of law and order loving Amer- 
ican citizens convened on September 5, 183-"">. at 
the shanty of Harmon Miller standing on the east 
bank of the Kishwaukee, nearly opjtosite the pres- 
ent residence of William A. Miller in the town ot 
Kingston. Happily the best possible spirit pre- 
vailed. The Hoosier from the Wabash, the.Buck- 
eye from Ohio, the hunter from Kentucky, the 
calculating Yankee, brother Jonathan's "first 
born" and the "beginning of his strength." im- 
pelled by a sense of mutual danger, hereby sat 
down in grave council to dictate laws to Kish- 
waukee "and the region lying around about 
through all the coasts thereof." Hon. Levi Lee, 
now chairman of a committee to report on peti- 
tions for the "'Maine Law" in the legislature of 
Wisconsin, was chosen to preside over this august 
assemblage, where the three great departments of 
free governments, the executive, the legislative and 
the judicial, were most happily united and Cap- 
lain Eli Barnes was appointed secretary. Gently 



glided the sometimes turbid waters of that "an- 
cient river," the sonorous Kishwaukee, as speech 
after speech setting forth the woes and wants of 
the settlers, the kind of legislation demanded by 
the crisis, went the rounds. Even those who were 
not "used to talkin' much afore folks" evinced 
their cordial approbation and readiness to co- 
operate by doing up an amount of encoring which, 
no doubt, really did "astonish the natives." At 
last, ripe for immediate action, a committee was 
selected to draft and present to the meeting a 
constitution and by-laws by which the "settlers 
upon the public lands" should be governed. Aft'?! 
some little deliberation back of the shanty, around 
the stump of a big white oak, which served as a 
writing desk, said committee reported a preamble, 
constitution and by-laws, which for simplicity and 
brevity and adaptation to necessity it would be 
hard for any modern legislation to beat, The self- 
evident truths proclaimed by -Tefferson in the im- 
mortal declaration, it is believed, were for the first 
time reiterated on the banks of the Kishwaukee 
and had there been a little more time for reflec- 
tion and preparation the top of some settlers' wag- 
ons would have been converted into the "Star 
Spangled Banner"' and thrown to the breezes of 
heaven from the tallest tree-top in the grove. The 
common sense, law and logic, as well as patriotism, 
contained in this constitution and by-laws were 
instantaneously recognized to be the very things 
demanded by the crisis and were adopted witn 
unparalleled enthusiasm, each subscribing his 
name thereto with his own hand, thereby pledging 
his "life," "fortune" and "sacred honor" to carry 
out the provisions of the code. It is not known 
that a copy of this singular, unique document is 
now extant, and still there may be. If any anti- 
quarian can produce it, or anything like it, he 
will confer a special favor on his humble servant 
by leaving it at the office of the Republican Sen- 
tinel. It shall absolutely be deposited with the 
archives of some antiquarian or historical associa- 
tion and preserved as a "sacred relic."' As nearly 
as can be recollected its provisions were somewhat 
a9 follows: A prudential committee were to be 
then and there chosen, whose duty it should be 
"to examine into, hear and finally determine all 
disputes and differences then existing or which 
thereafter might arise between settlers in relation 
to their claims," and whose decisions with certain 

salutary cheeks were to be binding upon all parties 
and to be carried out at all hazards by the three de- 
partments of government consolidated in aid of the 
executive, in what jurists sometimes dominate the 
"posse comitatus." Each settler was solemnly 
pledged to protect every other settler in the asso- 
ciation in the peaceable enjoyment of "his or her 
claim as aforesaid," and further who ever through- 
out all Kishwaukee or the suburbs or coasts there- 
of should refuse to recognize the authority of the 
aforesaid association and render due obedience to 
the laws enacted by the same from time to time 
"to promote the general welfare" should be deemed 
a heathen, a publican and an outlaw with whom 
they were pledged to have no communion or fel- 
lowship. Thus was a wall affording protection 
to honest settlers built in troublous times. Hon. 
Levi Lee, our present worthy county judge, 
George H. Hill. Captain Eli Barnes, James Green 
and Jesse C. Kellogg were chosen to be the settlers 
committee, and who, as may well be supposed, had 
business on hand for some time in order to re- 
store and "ensure domestic tranquility"' and "pro- 
mote the general welfare." The thing worked 
like a charm and the value of these associations 
in northern Illinois to the infant settlements has 
never been overestimated. Similar associations 
were formed and maintained in Somonauk and 
other portions of the county, until the lands came 
into the market. This event took place in Chi- 
cago in 1843, when all De Kalb county, except the 
north tier of townships, was sold to the highest 
bidder; that is. so far as "terra firma" is con- 
cerned. The moral as well as physical power of 
"Settlers associations" was so great that if a spec- 
ulator presumed to bid on a settler's claim be 
was certain to find himself "knocked down and 
dragged out," and had the land officers shown 
the least sympathy or favor to the "rascal" there 
can be no doubt but what an indignant and out- 
raged yeomanry would have literally torn the land 
office to fragments "in less than no time." 

After a long period of unexampled peace and 
prosperity it was found that this living in a "state 
of nature" was liable to evils for which the "late 
session" of the legislature in "Miller's Shanty" 
had no adequate remedy. The case was this: A 
had a promissory note against B and A wanted 
his pay. B was not exactly prepared to "fork 
over" and beins nettled that he should be dunned 



had the audacity to imitate to A that it might 
"trouble him to get it anyhow."' Kishwaukee was 
then, as well as other portions of the county "at- 
tached to La Salle for civil purposes." This was 
a "real poser."' "Claim jumping" had been pro- 
vided for. but this appeared to be a novel case. 
Finally the settlers concluded that if they had 
come to share the inheritance with the "Suckers"' 
they must do as the Suckers did and have someone 
who knew something about the "Justinian code," 
the "Commentaries of Blackstone and the Statutes 
of Illinois." So in the summer of 1835 the ex- 
igency of the case having been duly made known 
the county commissioners court of La Salle laid 
off by proper metes and bounds "Kishwaukee pre- 
cinct," wherein Joseph Collier and Stephen Morey 
were duly elected "justices of the peace," who in 
due time were inducted into office before Joseph 
Cloud, clerk of the county commissioners court in 
Ottawa. Here may be traced the first introduction 
of civil government into the county of De Kalb. 
Whether these worthy "squares" ever "got to see 
a copy" of the Illinois statutes is much to be 
doubted; it may be supposed, however, with morj 
certainty that they were very clever men and with- 
al "right smart" and "calculated" to do "bout 
what's right." The best of all is that Mr. B on 
hearing that the "squares" had got back from Ot- 
tawa put over to Mr. A's in a giffin', laid down 
the "spelter" and "took up his note'" to save cost. 

The Indians were still lingering among tbe 
settlers, rather loth to leave anyhow and some 
taking advantage of their "spiritual informities" 
were mean enough to filch away his pony, rifle and 
even the last blanket in exchange for whiskey or 
"good-ne-tosh." As Nebuchadnezzar, after being 
turned out to grass awhile, "came to himself 
again," so a poor Indian after a drunken debauch 
will sometimes come to himself again and recoil 
upon those who let out the serpent to bite him. In 
many things shrewd and discriminating they know 
when, where and how to render tit for tat and 
"quid pro quo." One instance in illustration 
where they "came it" over "che-mo-ko-man" will 
be given. 

A half Yankeefied Frenchman, who will be 
called Peter, had made a claim on the east side of 
the Kishwaukee, near where Dr. Harrington e?w 
resides, and had engaged a half civilized Indian 
bov called Shaw-ne-neese, who had lived some 

three or four years with the late Hon. James 
Walker of Walker's Grove, now Plainfield, in Will 
county, to drive his breaking team. Now, as ill 
luck would have it, or "somehownother," it came 
into their heads that for just about one barrel oc 
"good-ne-tosh" each on their return to Walker's 
Grove might astonish the settlers with a nice In- 
dian pony. The temptation to play on the "Anglo- 
Saxon" was too strong. Shaw-na-neese, who had 
a mother, sisters, etc., living in the Big Woods, 
near where Aurora now stands, was supposed to 
be well acquainted with the Indians and could 
talk either Indian or English. So off goes Peter 
for the whiskey, never once 'tinking' of the foolish 
settler, who for fun set a fire on the prairie that 
burnt up his own stacks. In due time the barrel 
of good-ne-tash was regularly set up in the cabin 
of the settler, and "where the carcass is there will 
the eagles be gathered together.'' Shaw-na- 
neese talks, Indians talk — ponies plenty-good-ne- 
tosh plenty-so much pony so much good-ne- 
tosh. Yes. Humph! The doping begins; 
the che-mo-ko-man adding "Kishwaukee" at the 
bung by night to supply the deficit made by the 
faucet by day, until there was a moral certainty 
of perfecting the contract as to measurement. 
After the barrel was pretty much delivered of its 
contents and the sharpshooters begun to hint that 
it was time for them "to walk up," that is, if they 
could, to the captain's office and settle, the Indians 
being really drunk or appearing to be, began to 
grumble about Peter cheating them, selling 
no good good-ne-tosh, etc. Explanation was at- 
tempted, but the thing could not explained, ex- 
postulation was used, but in vain. "You cheat 
poor Indian," and they grew madder and madder. 
Peter and his comrade began to have fears for 
their personal safety. There were no white men 
near, and if there had been they could not have 
expected that they would be sustained in such an 
enterprise, when all of a sudden the terrific war 
whoop burst from the whole group, and drawing 
their long knives they rushed upon the liquor 
dealers like so many fiends from the pit. Just at 
this moment an old Indian snatched Shaw-na- 
neese on to a pony behind him and galloped off 
at the top of his speed, for what has since been 
called Charters Grove. But alas and a well a-day 
for unfortunate Peter, when he cried there was 
"none to deliver." He had a good pair of legs 



and it came into his heart that "jess now," if ever. 
was the time to use them, and bounding somewhar' 
about a rod at a jump he "cut for the bush" and 
the Indians after him pell mell. As good luck 
would have it. however, he managed to conceal 
himself in the thick brush and elude their grasp, 
until at last, giving up further i hase, they re- 
turned to Peter's shanty. Here they soon made a 
finish of the remainder of the "poor whisk}" and 
appropriating for their "own special use and bene- 
fits"' Peter's bag of flour, fry pan and new blue 
broadcloth coat they vamoosed, cutting up those 
dreadful antics which savages, thirsting for blood, 
alone know how to perform. Peter's predicament 
was by ii" mean- enviable. He knew that lie was 
in the wrong, for "a guilty conscience needs no 
-■ r." lie had time to think and he did 
"tink." He had time fur thought and he "tought" 
"if he ever Livi to _■ I oul of ti~ scrape he sure to 
quite tarn liquor business anyhow." Afar off from 
the bosom of the thicket lie had beheld the plunder 
of his shanty and the subsequent withdrawal of his 
onenii' - Me had no doubt but that they had 
gone for reinforcements and would soon return 
and murder him. Perhaps they were still laying 
in ambush to "let the lite nut of him." 
"finking" discretion to tter part of vale:. 

he kept still until it began to grow dark, when 
what should he hear but the friendly voice of his 
old comrade "Shaw-ne-neese" cautiously calling 
to him from the plundered shanty and saying to 
him that he had "i< -i" g I away from the Indians, 
who were intending to come and kill him as soon 
as it was dark and he was advised further by the 
redskin nut t" make hi- whereabouts very public 
— was assured that he would get up the oxen, 
gather up the fragments that remained, hitch on 
t.> the "truckle truckles" and join him with all 
possible dispatch in flu? grove. Peter and his 
comrade were at last under cover of night, p 
ding their way over old logs, sloughs and brush 
to tin west side of the grove, from whence in a 
iin and Peter in his shirt - 

they made g I their retreat toward Walker's 

bich they had the good fortune to reach 
the next day drenched with mud and water, and 
where Peter. - hungry, was pre- 

pared to do up any quantity of muttering and 
swearing about the "tarn Injuns." Here, among 
the simple children of nature, behold the faint 

dawnings of a more perfect day. We are not onlv 
indebted to them for the knowledge of "sucker- 
tash" and "hominy" but for what they taught us 
in getting "shut" of the liquor dealer. 

April 19, f 855. 
In 1836 the county of Kane, embracing the en- 
tire territory now included in De Kalb, was or- 
ganized, and Captain Eli Barnes, representing the 
interests of the "Kishwaukee country." was re- 
elei ted one of tin- county commissioners. But the 
settlers in the Kishwaukee country still felt that 
they were "too far from Canada'' — that is. from 
a county seat. It needed not the old "Illinois 
Statutes." one of whose "Acts" commenced by 
saying, "Whereas, there is much prairie in this 
-late" to convince them of the fact. Timber was 
abundant: it was supposed that the Kishwaukee 
and its tributaries on a more intimate acquaint- 
ance would be found to be abundant in "mill 
sites." A companj of capitalists, known after- 
ward as the New York Company, had already laid 
out a town on the east fork of the south branch of 
the Kishwaukee as the "Rapids" between Nor- 
wegian and Big Grove. The agents of this com- 
pany were already on the ground building a dam 
and erecting a sawmill. A cabinet and chair- 
maker by the name of Crawford had erected a 
large factory en route of the proposed "race," the 
turning lathe of which was to be propelled by 
water taken therefrom. Flouring mills, carding 
mills, etc., were soon to go up. Similar preparations 
were being made by Uri Osgood, Levi Jenk- & 
Company from Joliet on the "Eapids" on the west 
fork of the south branch, above Coltonville. Again 
it was obvious that the great thoroughfare from 
Chicago to Galena would pass directly through 
villages and a "State Eoad' : from Ottawa to 
the state line would firing all the north and south 
travel from Yandalia to Lake Superior directly 
through the Kishwaukee valley. But what should 
be the name of the new county? Illinois had then 
her Greene. Schuyler and Putnam counties, and 
why should she not remember the brave De Kalb ? 
In the winter of 1836-1 the legislature being in 
session at Yandalia. therefore the Hon. Henrv 
Madden, representing the interests of the settler* 
of La Salle. Kane and sundry other counties not 
then "hatched." caused a bill to be passed to "cre- 
ate the county of I '• Kail." from the west half of 
the count; of Kane, provided that the majority 



of the legal voters of Kane should on a given dav 
vote for such new county. The Geneva influence 
being then, as since, perhaps, the controlling one 
in relation to the county seat question in Kane of 
course, favored the measure, lest their county seat 
should be drawn from the "river," and it carried. 
Therefore, in pursuance of organic law the com- 
missioners' clerk of Kane ordered an election to 
be held at the house of Frederick Love for the 
election of county officers in the new county of Do 
Kalb, July 3. 183T. The day of the election of 
county officers at last arrived. The settlers £C by 
the grace of God," "free and independent" "from 
Norcutt's to DriscolTs," were seen "flocking to 
the house of Frederick Love" and certain big trees 
thereunto belonging, for it soon became apparent 
that all could not begin to get in at once. Let it 
not be understood, however, that there is any de- 
sign to speak disparagingly of the old cabin of 
"Judge Love," for it was a very respectable look- 
ing shanty for those days and within and without 
betokened more than usual thrift, means and hos- 
pitality. There were some — alas ! the truth may 
as well be told — too many for the security of well 
disposed and honest settlers, who affected utter 
contempt for all "claim associations." calling them 
"land monopolies," declaring that one settler had 
just as good a right to cut down "Uncle Sam's 
timber" and fence up his prairie as another. This 
might have been true in the abstract and yet the 
first claimant and occupant entitled to the prefer- 
ence to just so much as was needful for him and 
no more. All pre-emption laws are based on tlrs 
principle: "First come, first served." It was 
clearly seen by the more reflecting that if the 
contrary doctrine should prevail that all security 
1.; property in claims would be at an end; "domes- 
tic tranquility could not be insured, nor could 
the "general welfare be promoted." Claim as- 
sociations must therefore lie maintained and theii 
authority respected or society would be dissolved 
into original chaos, each defending himself and his 
by his own right arm, that is if he was able. la 
what way can the reasonable claim of the settler 
be best secured until the lands shall be surveyed 
and brought into market was then the all-ab- 
sorbing question. Compared with this the quod- 
tion whether the "hero of Tippecanoe" or the 
"Foxy Dutchman of Kinderhook" should come to 
the presidential chair was of "no account." As 

to a "tariff for revenue" or a "tariff for protec- 
tion" the settlers were in for one that should in- 
sure both. In a word, they found themselves di- 
vided into two parties, denominated "Claim jump- 
pers" and "Anti-claim jumpers." After the whit- 
tling, log-rolling, caucusing and liquoring the re- 
spective parties rally their hosts at the polls and 
quietly await the issue. On counting the votes it 
was found that the ■■Anti-Claim Jumpers" ticket 
was elected by a very handsome majority. Levi 
Lee. Eufus Colton and Bobert Sterrett were elected 
county commissioners; Joseph C. Lander, sheriff; 
Jesse C. Kellogg, recorder; and thereupon the 
county commissioners, elect, immediately retired 
to the house of Eufus Colton, where "each admin- 
istered the oath of office to the other," as author- 
ized in "The act to create the county of De Kalb, 
appointed Jesse C. Kellogg, clerk of the county 
commissioners' court; Eli Barnes, county surveyor; 
and Lysander Darling, county treasurer; ordered 
a special term to be held in a few days at the same 
place to lay off the county into "justices' districts 
and election precincts" and before the guns of the 
glorious Fourth came booming over the "land of 
the free and the home of the brave" De Kalb was 
a "Sis" in the sisterhood of counties in the Prairie 
state. Of the county commissioners Hon. Levi 
Lee, now a citizen of "Walworth county, Wiscon- 
sin, and as before stated a member of the legis- 
lature, alone survives. That kind hearted, worthy 
old settler, Lysander Darling, county treasurer, 
ami it is believed Joseph C. Lander, the first 
sheriff, have gone down to the grave. Eufus Col- 
ton, the county commissioner in the central part 
of the county, was a native of New England and 
the son of a Congregational minister. Much of his 
early life was spent in a printing office, where he 
acquired the business tact and readiness of pen fo? 
which he was so justly celebrated. For several 
years he conducted a weekly journal called the 
Woodstock Observer i n Windsor county, Ver- 
mont, was the first probate justice, the first cleric 
of the circuit court of DeKalb county; a warm 
hearted friend, and if from local causes ever an 
enemy, still a generous one. During the last wars 
of his life a member of the Congregational church 
in Sycamore and sympathizing deeply with the 
"down trodden and oppressed" he has gone down 
to the grave and his remains repose in hope in 
the Methodist burial ground in Sycamore. Bobert 



Sterrett, the county commissioner from Somonauk, 
was by birth a Pennsylvanian, a man of uncom- 
promising integrity, and one always knew where 
to find him ; he was shrewd and discriminating, in 
politics a democrat : in religion a Calvinist Baptist, 
in claim matters, as true a man as "ever broKe 
bread." Ee lived respected, and died lamented. 
His remains sleep quietly in bis own loved Somo- 
nauk. Of the first county clerk and county sur- 
veyor, nothing need be said as they are "still liv- 
ing characters, known and read by all men." 

April 26th, 1855. 
The day for holding the special term of the 
county commissioners' court of De Kalb county, 
having at length fully come, self-made and con- 
stituted attorneys, men having business at court, 
boys and loungers, curious to see the "elephant" 
and how the thing worked, were seen pouring into 
the village of Coltonville from all directions. This 
village, being a common center between Levi Lee 
and Robert Sterrett. really in advance of most of 
the prospective paper towns of those days, the 
powerful competitor with Centerville, Brush Point, 
Genterville and Sycamore, or "Orange" as Syca- 
more was first called for the county seat, then con- 
sisted of a neat hewed "log cabin" with "linters" 
and fixtures, standing on the bluff, southeast of 
the present residence of C. S. Colton, overlooking 
the "Eapids" on the west fork of the south branch 
of the Kidiwaukee, on, or near the site of the old 
"Indian Town"' and containing under one roof, a 
dwelling house for a large family, a store, a post- 
office, a tavern, a justice, a physician and attor- 
neys' offices. In addition to the ordinary business 
it so happened that on this memorable day some 
two or three sharply contested lawsuits were pend- 
ing before "Justice Colton," and attorneys, parties, 
constables, jurors, witnesses, men wanting license 
to keep a "quiet and orderly house" where they 
could get their neighbors drunk in "pursuance of 
law" were soon seen in patient "waiting upon 
court." anxious to have their business done up. The 
county commissioners, from the "north and from 
the south country" had arrived. The county com- 
missioners of the interior, as may be well supposed, 
had an unusual "press of business." The clerk, 
having the records of the former court, in the top 
of his hat, half a quire of fools cap, sundry articled 
of stationery, and some of Rogers' best cutlery in 
his (lockets, was already seen standing at the door 

— there being no room for him in the inn— when 
the whole multitude, within and without 

"Began to feel, as well they might, 
The keen demands of appetite." 

It was readily perceived that if the good land- 
lady was to get dinner for seventy-five or a hun- 
dred "hands" that she would need what little elbow 
room could well be spared in the kitchen, and how 
she did it must ever be to some an incomprehen- 
sible mystery, and yet she did, and behold it was 
very good. One thing is quite certain in those 
palmy days the prairie grass did not grow under 
the feet of that landlady. Business being urgent, 
however, it was thought best to locate a spare table 
in the shade on the north end of the house and 
open court out of doors. Sheriff Lander with the 
assistance of the bystanders, having set the table, 
and given it a business-like aspect and the Hon. 
Levi Lee having produced and laid thereon a 

"bound 1 1.." a cast of Merchant's Ledger with 

the old accounts torn out, the best that could be 
produced, it was proclaimed in stentorian tones 
at last that "the county commissioners' court of 
DeKalb county was in session and ready for 
business." The court having taken a recess for 
dinner and again resumed business, applications 
for merchant and tavern licenses were presented 
and granted, of course, on the condition that 
the applicant file a bond, pay a certain sum into 
the treasury together with the sum of one dollar 
for the use of the clerk, agreeably to "the statute 
in such case made and provided." The court 
also proceeded to divide the county into justice 
districts and election precincts and to determine 
the place of holding elections in each election 
precinct. It may here be necessary to explain 
that "justice districts" and "election precincts" 
though not necessarily, yet for the sake of con- 
venience, were made in DeKalb to include the 
same territory, it being the object of the first to 
supply the people with the necessary justices and 
constables, and it being the object of the second 

to supply tlie sa with convenient places for the 

exercise of the elective franchise in all elections 
for county and state officers. This mode of trans- 
acting local business with such amendments and 
alterations as circumstances from time to time 
required, was kept up until superseded by town- 
ship organization, under the new constitution, 
the lines, determining the bounds of these sub- 



divisions — there being "no survey line" in the 
county — of course, were sometimes quite uncer- 
tain. One would think the line to be "hur" an- 
other "thar," but it was universally conceded 
that the east line of the county began "somc- 
whar near the Big Slough Bridge, east of Win- 
slow Norcutt's or where Homer Roberts now lives,'' 
consequently quite a portion of Kane county., 
sometimes called "Upper Canada" and sometimes 
the "Arab Settlement" were "bone of our bone 
and flesh of our flesh." 

In relation to the names of groves — Somonauk 
takes its name from the creek bearing the same 
name, and in old times could be safely spelt in any 
way that first came to hand. "Squaw" Grove has 
its name thus because it was much frequented by 
the squaws when the men were gone on their hunt- 
ing excursions and "Pappoose Grove" because 
Pappoose may be a little squaw. "Ross Grove" 
from Joseph Ross, the first settler; "Johnson's" 
from Johnson, the first settler, "Paw-Paw" from 
Paw-Paw in Michigan or some other place ; "Lost 
Grove," because it seemed to have strayed away 
from all the rest of the groves and to have got lost 
and there stopped. The chains of groves southwest 
of Sycamore, united by isthmuses, and perhaps by 
a common sympathy, of course, would be called 
"Union Grove." Most of the early settlers in the 
grove southeast of Sycamore, having come from 
Ohio, what more natural than that it should re- 
ceive the name of "Ohio Grove"? The beautiful 
little grove a little northeast from Sycamore was 
so named because a Norwegian doctor by the name 
of Norbeau, first settled there. The grove furthev 
northeast "Charters" because a Frenchman by that 
name was its first settler, and the grove northwest 
of Sycamore "Big Grove," because when compared 
with other groves it was big. "Hickory Grove" 
north of Genoa is so called because hickory is su 
abundant there, and last of all DriseolPs Grove 
took its name from the far-famed Driscolls, one of 
whom had settled here, from whence he was kid- 
napped and taken to a little grove in Ogle county, 
by a company of lynchers, where he, with hid 
father, after undergoing the mock forms of a trial 
and conviction, were shot, dow T n like dogs and 
tumbled into a common grave. Humanity shud- 
ders, at the thought of this bloody transaction. It 
truth it might be said, however, that the hort<e 
stealing, robberies and murders of the "banditti" 

of the prairie, had become, it was thought, intol- 
erable. Yet it cannot be safely argued that the 
end "justified the means." None of the old neigh- 
bors of the Driscoll, shot from this grove, believed 
him to be connected in any of these enormities, 
though his father and relations might have been. 
The old scripture principle that "the son should 
not bear the iniquity of the father" it seemed, was 
of no avail to him. After the massacre of the 
Driscolls, this grove took the name of "South 
Grove," because it lies south of the main body of 
timber on the Kishwaukee, which name it still re- 

The pioneers located on the southern sides of 
groves in sunny exposures beside streams and 
springs, and fenced only as much land as would 
suffice for a little corn and gave themselves up 
generally to the pleasures of the chase, game being 
abundant. They were hardy people, fond of 
pioneer life, regardless of the forms and ceremo- 
nial restraints of advanced civilization, but noted 
for their neighborly kindness and hospitality. 

Many of them moved farther west when too 
many settlers crowded around them and hunted 
game on "their preserves." Thus many who came 
in 1835 left no record of their stay here, and we 
can only record the names of those who settled 
permanently, and even many of those who were 
permanent settlers have been forgotten. 

In 1836 the spring did not open propitiously 
for the new settlers in the Kishwaukee district. 
All the timber land had been claimed and big 
prices were demanded by claimants for portions of 
the timber not already occupied. Every item of 
food except fish and game was scarce, and there 
was no mill nearer than Green's mills at Ottawa. 
Many settlers this year pounded their corn in In- 
dian mortars with pestles and no wheat flour was 
obtainable for months at a time. The decaying 
sod and sluggish streams and standing pools 
caused nearly every one to shake with ague. "Pov- 
erty, rags, a scarcity diet and the shakes were the 
fashion of the times," and medical attendance was 
in some cases of "fever and ague" out of the 
question, and what they did have was of a primi- 
tive character. Some of the people who could get 
no medical attention, had Indian medicine men 



try their skill which was by incantation or as old 
settlers afterward expressed it "cured by po^ 

Those who died were buried in coffins made by 
coopers or carpenters, for in those days there were 
many pioneers who had served as apprentices and 
had learned trades. Few of the early graves are 
marked, but in some instances the first burials 
Mere the beginning of some of our cemeteries. The 
burial of -Mrs. Peyton Russell in Kingston in 1S3G 
marked the beginning of the pretty Kingston cem- 
etery; thai of David Hall in the Genoa cemetery. 

In the fall of 1836 an election was held and 
Orange precinct with "Syckamore," then north of 
the creek, as the voting place, and Somonauk pre- 
cinct then included all of what is now the south 
half of the county, were parts of LaSalle county. 
Van Buren had two hundred and thirty-five and 
Harrison ninety-three rotes. Dr. Henn Madden. 
the democratic candidate from Orange precinct, 
defeated his whig opponent by a vote of one hun- 
dred and eighty-nine to one hundred and forty- 
i. August 1. 1836, the Orange precind elect- 
ed Mark Daniels justice of th< and Joel 
Jenks constable. 

Henry Madden, of Brush Point, uow Mayfield, 
was a man of education, intelligence and shrewd- 
ie--, and represented a district comprising all the 
territory north of Iroquois county to the -rate line, 
and it> western boundary was the Rock river and 
the eastern boundary. Cools county. When time 
came for him to leave Vandalia he started on 
horseback, rode to Ottawa, stayed all night.. 
passed through Bloomington, Decatur, following 
nearly the line now marked by the Illinois Cen- 
tral Eailroad after he left Bloomington, traveling 
over two hundred miles. 

Tb.e creation of a new county was urged upon 
Dr. Madden as Geneva was too far to go to trans- 
act business at tin- county seat ami the roads were 
almost impassable ai times, and there were no 
bridges over the streams. Another fact that urge I 
the Kishwaukee district to separation was the far: 
that some villages had been started at different 
points and the town boomers hoped the county 
seat mighi be a factor in building up their town. 

The southerners did not always have their coun 
house in a town, and the southern people being 
in a majority were apt to try to locate one without 
regard to the future o i i ity. The 

chief business of the state legislature was at that 
id to create new counties, and if many of the 
more populous communities could have had their 
way one hundred and two would not be the number 
of counties at present. 

The year lS3v saw a large addition to the pop 
ulation of our county and all of the present town- 
ships were settled except Malta. Milan, Afton, 
Pierce and Victor, and they were considered un- 

■ rable because they bad no timber nor running 
stn ams and game on the prairie was not as plenti- 
ful as in the timber. Many of our first settlers 
came from timbered countries and those who first 
moved upon the prairie- were thought to be fool- 
hardy to go so far from wood and water and the 
ection afforded by the woods in winter. The 
bard times borne by the settlers during 1836 bad 
a quieting effect upon claim jumpers and the} 
went east to their former home- oi passed on to 
- of conquest. 

Sawmills were erected along the banks of the 
Kishwaukee and for a time the people purchased 
the outpul for new houses as Easl as lumber i ould 
he manufactured, and to this day there are many 
buildings standing made from our hardwood in- 
riot - to our state, that for lasting qualities arc 
better than the new pine lumber of this day. 

On the 4th day of March. 1837, the act for the 
creation of the county of De Kalb was passed and 
in the same bill the counties of Stephenson, Win- 
nebago and Boone were created if this should be 
sanctioned by the whole body of voters in the 
espective counties from which they were de- 
tached. The whole act. although containing somi 
irrelevant matter, is here driven: 


"Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the people of the 

State of Illinois represented in the General Ass 
bly, That all that tract of country within the 
following boundaries, to wit: commencing on the 
northern boundary of the state where the section 
line between sections three and four, in town 



twenty-nine north, range five east of the fourth 
principal meridian, strikes said line, thence east 
on the northern boundary of the state, to the 
range line between ranges nine and ten east, hence 
south on sail I range line to the northern boundary 
of Ogle county, thence west on the northern 
boundary of Ogle county to and passing the 
northwest corner of the county to the line between 
sections thirty-three and thirty-four in township 
twenty-sis north, range five cast, thence north to 
the place of beginning, shall form a county to 
be called Stephenson, as a tribute of respect to 
the late Colonel Ren jam in Stephenson. 

"Sir. 2. That the boundaries of Winnebago 
county shall he as follows, to \vh : commencing 
on the state line at the northeast corner of the 
county of Stephenson, thence easl mi the state 
line to the section line between sections five and 
six. in township forty-sis north, range three east 
of the third principal meridian, thence south on 
said section line to the south boundary of town- 
ship forty-three north, range three east, thence 
west on said township line, to the third principal 
meridian, thence north on said meridian to the 
southeast corner of town-hip twenty-six north, 
range eleven east of the fourth principal meri- 
dian, thence west on said line to the range line 
between ranges nine ami ten east, thence north to 
the place of beginning. 

"See. :;. And that all that tract of country be- 
ginning at the northeast corner of township forty- 
six north, range four easl. thence south with the 
line dividing range four and five east, to the 
southwest corner of township forty-three north, 
thence west on said line to the southeast corner 
of Winnebago county, thence north to the place 
of beginning on the north boundary of the state, 
shall form a county to be called P>oone in memory 
of Colonel Daniel Boone, the first settler of the 
State of Kentucky. 

"Sec. 4. That all that tract of country begin- 
ning at the southeast corner of township thirty- 
seven north, range two east of the principal meri- 
dian, thence north to the northeast corner of town- 
ship forty-two north, range two, east of the third 
principal meridian, and thence along the northern 
boundary of township forty-two in ranges three, 
four and five, east of the third principal meridian, 
thence south on the southeast corner of township 
thirty-seven north, range five east, thence west on 

said township line, to the place of beginning, shall 
form a county to be called De Kalb. 

"Sec. 5. The counties of Stephenson, Boone 
and De Kalb hereby created shall be organized 
in the following manner, to wit : for the purpose 
of fixing the permanent seat of justice of Stephen- 
son county, the following persons are appointed 
commissioners, viz : A'ance L. Davidson and Isaac 
Chambers, of Jo Daviess county, and Minor York, 
of Ogle county, who. or a majority of them, be- 
ing duly sworn before some justice of the peace 
of tins state, faithfully to take into view the con- 
venience of the people, the situation of the settle- 
ments, with an eye to future population and eligi- 
bility of the place shall meet at the house of Wil- 
liam Baker, in said county. <>n the first Monday 
in May next, or as soon thereafter as may be. and 
proceed to examine and determine on a place for 
the permanent seat of justice for said county, and 
designate the same: Provided, that said county 
seat shall be located on lands belonging to the 
United States, not occupied by the citizens of 
said county, if a site for said county seat on such 
lands can be found equally eligible, or upon lands 
claimed by citizens of said county: but if said 
location shall be made upon land claimed by any 
individual in said county, or any individual hav- 
ing pre-emption right or title to the same, the 
claimant or proprietor upon whose lands, claim 
or pre-emption right the said seat of justice may 
be located, shall make a deed in fee simple to any 
number of acres of said tract, not less than twenty 
to the said county: or in lieu thereof such claim- 
ant or owner or owners of such pre-emption right 
shall donate to the said county at least three thou- 
sand dollars to be applied to building county 
buildings, within one year after locating id' -aid 
county seat, and the proceeds of such quarter 
section, if the county seat shall be located upon 
government lands as aforesaid, or the proceeds of 
such twenty acres of land if it be located on lands 
claimed or owned by an individual or individuals; 
or the said three thousand dollars in case such 
claimant, or owner or owners, shall elect to pay 
that sum in lieu of the said twenty acres, shall be 
appropriated to the erection of a sufficient court 
house and jail: and until public buildings are 
erected for the purposes the courts shall be held 
at such place as the county commissioners shall 



"See. 6. An election shall be held at the house 
of William Baker, in said county, on the first 
Monday of May next, for one sheriff, one coroner, 
one recorder, one county surveyor, three county 
commissioners and one clerk of the county com- 
missioners' court, who shall hold their offices until 
the next succeeding general election and until 
their successors are elected and qualified; which 
said election shall be conducted in all respects 
agreeably to the provisions of the law regulating 
elections: Provided, That the qualified voters 
present may elect from among their own number 
three qualified voters to act as judges of said 
election, who shall appoint two qualified voters to 
act as clerks. 

"Sec. 7. For the purpose of fixing the perma- 
nent county seat of Boone county the following 
named persons are hereby appointed commission- 
ers, viz: John M. Wilson of Will county. James 
Day of La Salle county and James H. Wood- 
worth of Cook county, who or a majority of them 
being first duly sworn before some justice of the 
peace of this Btate, as required in the fifth sec- 
tion of this act, shall meet at the house of Simon 
P. Doty, in said county, on the fourth Monday 
in April next, or as soon thereafter as may be. 
and shall proceed as is required in the fifth sec- 
tion of this act. to locate the county seat of said 
Boone county. 

"Sec. 8. For the purpose of fixing the perma- 
nent seat of justice for the county of De Kalb, 
Benjamin Thruston of La Salle county, James 
Walker of Cook county and Germanieus Kent of 
Winnebago county are hereby appointed commis- 
sioners, who or a majority being first duly sworn 
before some justice of the peace of this state, as 
is required in the fifth section of this act, shall 
meet at the house of Frederick Love in said coun- 
ty, on the first Monday in June next, or as soon 
thereafter as may be. and shall proceed in all 
respects as is required in the fifth section of this 
act: provided, That the qualified voters of Kane 
county shall meet at the usual places of holding 
elections in said county on the first Monday in 
May next and vote for or against the county of 
De Kalb. and if a majority of said voters shall' 
be in favor of making the said county, then the 
county of De Kalb shall be created, but if it shall 
appear that there is a majority against the divi- 
sion then the said countv shall remain as it now is 

"Sec. 'j. The county and circuit courts of said 
Boone and De Kalb counties shall be held at 
such place as the county commissioners' courts 
shall respectively appoint until the county build- 
ings are erected and the times of holding the 
circuit courts in the counties hereby created shall 
be fixed by the circuit judges in whose circuits the 
counties respectively are situated. 

"Sec. 10. And elections shall be held in said 
Boone and De Kalb counties for county officers in 
the following manner, viz: In the county of 
Boone, at the house of Simon P. Doty, on the 
first Monday in May next, and in the county of 
De Kalb at the house of Frederick Love, on the 
first Monday in July next, and shall be required 
and conducted in the same manner as is pre- 
scribed in the sixth section of this act when the 
same is applicable. 

"Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the clerks 
of the county commissioners' courts of the 
counties hereby organized to give notice at least 
ten days previous to the elections to be held as is 
above provided in said counties, and in case there 
shall be no clerk in said counties it shall be the 
duty of the clerk of the commissioners' court of 
Winnebago county to give notice of the elections 
to be held in the counties of Stephenson and 
Boone, and for the election to be held in the 
county of De Kalb notice shall be given in like 
manner by the clerks of the commissioners' court 
of Kane county. 

"Sec. 12. The citizens of the counties here- 
by created are entitled in all respects to the same 
right and privileges as are allowed in general to 
other counties in tbi> stati . 

"See. 13. The counties of Stephenson and 
Boone shall continue to form a part of the county 
of Jo Daviess until organized, and when organized 
according to this act shall continue attached to 
the county of Jo Daviess in all general elections 
until otherwise provided by law. The county of 
De Kalb shall continue to form a part of the 
county of Kane until it shall be organized and 
shall vote with the county of La Salle in all gen- 
eral elections until otherwise provided bv law. 

"Sec. 14. The commissioners appointed to lo- 
cate said countv seats shall receive the sum of two 
dollars per day for each day necessarily spent by 
them in discharging the duties imposed on them 
by this act, to be allowed by the county commis- 



sioners and to be paid out of the county treasuries 

"Sec. 15. The judges of elections shall deliver 
to each officer elected a certificate of his election. 
The poll books shall be retained by them until 
the clerk of the county commissioners' court shall 
be qualified, and then deliver the said poll books to 
such clerk, who shall make and transmit to the 
Secretary of State an abstract of the votes given 
at such election, in the same time, manner and 
form as is required of clerks of county commis- 
sioners' courts in elections in other counties in 
this state. 

"Sec. 16. After the election of county officers 
as herein provided, the persons elected county 
commissioners are hereby authorized to administer 
the oaths of office to each other and they are 
severally authorized to administer the oaths of 
office to all other county officers. And said com- 
missioners shall within ten days after their elec- 
tion meet together as a court and lay off their 
county into justices' districts and order elections 
to be held for justices of the peace and consta- 
bles at a time to be fixed by them; and justices 
of the peace and constables elected and qualified 
shall hold their offices until others are elected and 
qualified under the law providing for the election 
of Justice of the Peace. The clerks of the coun- 
ty commissioners' courts shall deliver to each per- 
son elected justice of the peace and constable cer- 
tificates of such elections; and each person elected 
justice of the peace is hereby authorized, upon 
executing bonds as required by law, to enter upon 
the duties of his office and to exercise and perform 
all the duties of justice of the peace as fully as 
though such person had received a commission 
from the governor. This act shall be in force from 
and after its passage. 
"Approved 4th of March, 1837." 

The year 1837 saw the population of this section 
now created into a new county double, all alarm 
from further Indian outbreak had forever passed 
away. In this section east of the Mississippi north 
of Florida and new settlers poured into every 
county of northern Illinois, all of which, except 
Carroll. Kendall, Grundy and Lee, were organized 

and in running order, and in all cases were still 
under county organization, showing plainly the 
New England's township government did not ap- 
peal to the people, the majority of whom were 
from southern states or of southern origin. 

This year saw many new-cowers from New York 
and New England and they established private 
schools in more spacious homes. Religious so- 
cieties, mainly Methodists, began to be organized 
a few stores were opened and things began to take 
on the airs of organized society. All lived along 
streams in the woods and the great prairie was 
still unbroken, but all were hopeful and with pa- 
tience and fortitude awaited a better day. 

Mr. Boise in his history says that the year 
1837 was noted as the first in the series of the 
regular septennial wet seasons that have recurred 
every seven years since that time. From the break- 
ing up of winter until late in autumn it rained 
nearly every day. The entire country was flooded 
and the traveling was almost impossible, and we 
must remember at this time there were no beaten 
roads and no bridges, and we can in a degree imag- 
ine the inconvenience to those who were compelled 
to do much road work. It had been stated also 
that the Chief Shabbona had predicted this wet 
season. He had asserted that as far back as 
Indian tradition reached, every seventh year had 
been similarly visited with a superabundance of 
rain — with almost constant storms and floods and 
swollen streams. Seven years before, the soldiers 
at Ft. Dearborn, then the only white inhabitants 
of the country, had made record of a similar year 
cf constant storms and floods; and it is certain 
that on every succeeding seventh year, such sea- 
son,- have recurred. All of those who resided in the 
county during the succeeding four septennial 
triades. will testify that in 1844, 1851, 1858 and 
1865, were each seasons of extraordinary moist- 
ure, and noted as wet summers. A wet season in 
the early days was exceptionally inconvenient and 
unhealthy. When water fell in large quantities it 
would lie on the ground until absorbed by the wind 
and the sun's rays which caused malaria and 
fevers so common in pioneer days. At that time 
there were thousands of undrained sloughs and in 
those sloughs dense growths of vegetable matter, 
and unfortunate, indeed, was the person whose 
home was located near one. The same lands that 
were considered too wet for tillage in those days 
is sufficiently dry at present, even without drain- 



age. During the dry times the sod would be 
broken, the land put under cultivation and the 
moisture sink rapidly into the earth. Notwith- 
standing the difficulties encountered by the pio- 
neers in 183?. several hundred emigrants came 
from their eastern home- to settle here. Many of 
them became ill. could secure but Little medical 
assistance, and before the winter set in a large 
number had died. Added to the inconveniences 

ioned the financial crisis swepl ever the coun- 
try, which perhaps was as severe as any in our 
liistory. After the bill providing for the exten- 

- of the charter of the national bank had been 

retoed, millions of dollars were drawn therefrom 
and placed in "pet hanks." Money became plenti- 
ful and the wildest speculations were indulged in. 
Lots were laid out in cities and towns which had 
no inhabitants and were sold at auct ion at fabulous 
prices, with the expectation thai the tide of emi- 
gration turned to the westward would till these 
t< wns and cities which existed only in the imagi- 
nation of the speculators. To add to this scheme 
the government issued paper money and when the 
time i" pay this interesl on the public debts and 
the revenue nothing but specie would be aco p 
layment. People who had sold their eastern 

- in make fortunes in the west could no1 i 
obligations and the financial crash came. 
"Confidence was now gone, and with it. the beauti- 
ful castles they had buili in the an- vanish* d like 
the mists of the morning; the brilliant bued bub- 
bles burst and disappeared." The villages laid ou; 
at this time in our country were Orange, now 
Sycamore, Coltonville, Genoa, and one near Free- 
land Corners in Somonauk township. Lots had 
been laid out in these embryo < illages ami peo- 
i could reside on them for the mere asking, a- 
it was the fond hope of the landowners that their 
respective village might he made the future county 
seat. The village of Orange was on the north 
side of the Ki-liwaukee about a mile north of Syca- 
more. A company from New York, C. Sharer X 

Mm . composed of Christ ian Sharer, capital- 
ist of \, w Xbrk city, ('lark- Wright, Evans Whai- 
rv. and Mark Daniels, built a dim and a large 
mill rate, anil commenced a factory for the manu- 
facture of furniture. The building was finished 
ami a saw mill was operated. Eli .T. Jewell had a 
wagon shop in tin grove near the present resi- 
dence hi Fred Van Galder and also kept a little 
store. Charles ami James Waterman also hip' 

a store in this village. In all there were about a 
half dozen houses. At Coltonville, Rufus C'olton 
owned a store and there was a blacksmith shop and 
perhaps four or five other houses. The Colton 
home was used for many years as a hotel. Both 
Orange and Coltonville were aspirants for the 
county seat. On the first day of May, 1837, a vote 
was taken in Kane count}', of which we were 
then a part, in set nil' the territory then known 
as De Kalb county. Geneva was at that time the 
county seat of Kane, hut Aurora looked with jeal- 
ous eve upon her little neighbor on the north an 1 
had hopes that in the future sht might lie the 

Geneva favored the division with the thought 
thai that would settle the county -eat question. 
Tin precincts were widely scattered, and the sheriff 
of Kane county was unwilling to post the requisite 
number of notices in various precincts, and as the 
weather was very rainy and the roads almost im- 
passable, be felt a sigh of relief when Dr. ftenrv 
Madden volunteered i" post notices in the far off 
districts, with an eve to business, for in the dis- 
tricts that were unfriendly to the division he saw 
1<. ii that no notice- wiii' posted, hut in friendly 
districts the requisite notices were posted 'in due 

; i-iin. The vote -t I as follow-: i Mm hundred 

and -i i m -i in,, for, and eighty-three against, di- 
vision. The precinct of Somonauk cast her forty- 
three votes solidly for division, Orange thirty-four 
for, and eight against division, while in the Kish- 
waukee district which includes the territory now 
known as Kine>toii. Franklin. South Grove and 
Mayfield polled her vote with two exceptions for 
division. In due time the county clerk of Kane 
county issued a call for an election to he held 
at the residence of Frederick Love, for the pur- 
pose of choosing three county commissioners, one 
sheriff, recorder, surveyor and treasurer. 

The election was held on Monday, July 3, 1837. 
The two parties which is as well-known are in- 
dispensable to every well arranged and conducted 
election, went by the name of Claim Jumpers and 
Anti-Claim Jumpers and divided on the question 
of sustaining or abolishing the claim associa- 
tion which had been organized the previous year. 
The people came from all parts of the county 
and in large numbers. With thpir wagons and 
horses distributed over a large space, they pre- 
sehted the appearance of an animated camp meet- 





T,.n 8T ° fi ' Lf 



ing. After the usual amount of log rolling, caucus- 
ing and liquoring, the polls were opened, the votes 
cast and counted, and a majority of two to one 
were found to be in favor of the Anti-Claim 
Jumpers ticket, which was: County commis- 
sioners, Ruf us Colton, Robert Sterrett, Levi Lee ; 
sheriff, Joseph C. Lander; recorder, Jesse C. Kel- 
logg; surveyor, Eli Barnes; and treasurer, Lysan- 
der Darling. 

"They were a most able and honorable body of 
officials and laid well the foundation work for theL" 
successors. Rufus Colton was an active, stirring, 
shrewd New Englander, formerly editor of a Ver- 
mont paper — a warm friend and a fair, uncom- 
promising enemy. R. Sterrett of Somonauk was 
of Pennsylvania origin, always a decided democrat 
— honest, reliable, true man. Levi Lee, of King- 
ston, was a shrewd, intelligent man, active in the 
temperance cause. He filled many public offices, 
and was of late, a member of the legislature of 
Wisconsin. Jesse C. Kellogg, the recorder, was 
of Vermont Puritan stock, has been for thirty- 
three years, and still is one of the worthiest citi- 
zens of De Kalb county, active in every good work, 
the uncompromising foe of all wrong and oppres- 
sion. Captain Barnes, for over thirty years n 
venerated citizen of this county, died in 1867, leav- 
ing a large family of descendants here. Sheriff 
Lander, an honest, pleasant old Indianian, had 
all of the peculiarities of speech and dialect of the 
Hoosier race. Lysancler Darling was a pleasant, 
kind-hearted, honest popular citizen, said to be 
the first settler in Sycamore." 

At these early elections no printed tickets were 
used as at present. Ira Douglas tells us that hi* 
appeared at the polls, announced his name, and 
then stated orally his preferences for the different, 
offices to be filled. He belonged to the Anti- 
Claims Association and voted for the ticket elected 
by having a mark placed after the name of each 

At the close of these events it was thought prop- 
er that the birth of the new county and the elec- 
tion of its first roster of county officers should be 
celebrated on the glorious 4th, and accordingly on 
the 61st anniversary of Amerian independence 
some three or four hundred early settlers assembled 
at the house of Ephraim Hall, who had erected a 
new house, which at that time was one of the very 
best in the county and still stands as a mark of 

the good old days, where the honorable Levi Le=>, 
a local preacher and proprietor of Lee's mill de- 
livered the oration, which for force, eloquence and 
patriotism was considered well worthy of the oc- 
casion. At this celebration we must remember 
that all the accompanying nuisances of the pres- 
ent day celebration were wholly absent. People 
came from many miles around, brought their 
baskets well filled with luncheon and had a great 
picnic dinner in the grove. It is probable that 
at this time, 1907, no one lives in the county who 
was present at this celebration. 

Matters moved rapidly in those days and on the 
11th of July the first regular session of the coun- 
ty commissioners' court was held at the house of 
Rufus Colton. This was rather a more spacious 
house than the ones usually occupied by the early 
settlers; it being eighteen by twenty-four feet, 
made of hewn logs and furnished with doors and a 
window and chinked up with pure mortar. Thi 
day of their meeting being fair it was held out 
doors and the sheriff, Joseph C. Lander, made 
proclamation and they at once proceeded to busi- 
ness. An old merchant's ledger was used as the 
sole heok of record and is still in possession of 
the county clerk at the court house. The first 
duty performed was to lay the county off in five 
election precincts and justices' districts. They 

First, Kingston district and precinct, commenc- 
ing at the northwest corner of the county running 
south twelve miles, thence northeast crossing thj 
Sycamore river so as to include Benjamin 
Stephen's land, and then north to the county line. 

It was ordered that elections be held in this pre- 
cinct at the residence of Levi Lee. George H. 
Hill, John Whitney and Jones Hait were ap- 
pointed judges. 

The second was Sycamore precinct, including 
the northeast corner of the county, and extending 
as far south as Charter Grove, but not including 
the present village of Sycamore. The elections 
were to be held at a school house near Lysander 
Darling's, and William A. Miller, James A. Arm- 
strong and Samuel Cory were made its judges. 

The third was named Orange district, and com- 
prised the territory south of the Sycamore district 
as far as Lost Grove, in the present town of Cort- 
land. Elections for this district were ordered at 



Bufus Colton's house, and Frederic Love, James 
Boot and Eli Barnes were made judges. 

The fourth was named Somonauk district, and 
comprised the territory south of Orange district, 
ten miles in width, and about twenty in length 
to the south line of the county. Elections were 
ordered to be held at the house of Woodruff and 
Lane; William Davis. Frederic A. Witherspoon 
and Simon Price were made judges. 

The fifth district was called Paw Paw. and com- 
prised the southwest portion of the county. No 
recorded provision was made for elections in this 
district, and it was subsequently abolished, but 
afterward, upon the indignant protest of some of 
its people, was re-established. 

In October the commissioners that had been ap- 
pointed by the legislature to fix the county seat, 
met at the house of Frederic Love as directed by 
the law of organization. The home of the Honor- 
able Frederic Love was at that time a log build- 
ing on the site of which todai stands the resi- 
dence of his grandson, Frederic 1 ove. They were 
received by the citizens representing the three com- 
peting points with all of that cordiality that was 
to be expected toward men upon whose decision 
Lmportanl interests depended. Escorted by a large 
number of residents of the county, and men who 
were interested in the decision of the question, 
they spent most of three days in riding about th 
region, viewing the country and comparing trie 
advantages of the rival locations. There seemed u> 
be little to choose between them. One of the com- 
missioners, Mr. Walker of Plainfield, had been a 
member of the legislature villi Mr. Madden. II 
was also an intimate friend of Mr. Harvey Ma\- 
field. who had recently visited this section of th-j 
country and came hack with a glowing account of 
its attractions, and of the advantages of the pres- 
ent location for a county seat. TTe had also re- 
ported to Walker a remark said to have been mad" 
by Madden to the effect tl at lie had secured 
Walker's appointment as cdmmissioner, and e.x- 
pected t<> control him so far as to induce him to 
locate the county seal upon his own claim at Brush 
Point. This naturally aroused opposition in the 
in ind of Mr. Walker. 

Much to Madden's chagrin, he found his frier 
prejudiced against his own point and unable to see 
its advantages. The inhabitants of the little col- 
lection of losr houses on the bank of the Kishwau- 

kee north of the present county seat where the 
village had been laid out, had become convinced 
that their village was upon ground too low to 
secure its location as the seat of justice, and they 
combined to assure the commissioners that the 
place where they intended the village should he. 
was on the higher ground upon the other side of 
the stream. 

In the contest which followed we will give the 
reminiscences of Major Evans Wharry who partiei- 
paled in the notable event and was the person more 
than any other one who is responsible for the 
present location of the city of Sycamore and the 
site upon which the court house now stands. 


The following reminiscence was given bv Major 
Evans Wharry to V. Ilix. in March, 1S7!). and by 
the hitter prepared for the "City Weekly." Leav- 
ing out the introductory clause, we copy as fol- 
low-: The Major and a Mr. Sharer, botli mem- 
ber- of the New York Land Company, came 
here in 1836, with the view of faking up a large 
tract of land in the interest of the company. They 
landed in Chicago in May, 1836, and after remain- 
in- in thai city for a couple of weeks started for 
Galena, by way of Rockford. Peaching this local- 
ity, they met with Dr. Madden, formerly a resi- 
denl of Brush Point. Mayfield, and at that time 
a member of the Illinois general assembly. Th • 
project of the formation of De Kalb county, then 
a part of Kane county, was being talked up. and 
the Doctor, being favorably impressed with the 
Major and the mission upon which he was bent. 
prevailed upon hini to stop here and assist him in 
a scheme which he had in view, which was no 
less than to locate a shire town for the new coun- 
ty. The Major, thinking favorably of the project, 
consented, but did not think the selection of a site 
for the nr\\ county seat which the Doctor made, 
a good one. The site in question was what is now 

the Thomas W 1 farm, half a mile north of the 

river bridge, and formerly well known a- the Clark 
Wright place. The land there is comparatively low 
and level, and as the Major's eyes took in the 
elevated situation south of the river, and upon 
which the city of Sycamore now stands, he was at 
once of the opinion that it should have been se- 
lected. But the Doctor was allowed to have his 



own way, and the Major at once commenced ini 
provements on the quarter section chosen, a por- 
tion of which the Doctor was to have for his in- 
fluence in the legislation needed to locate the capi- 
tal town of the count}'. In fact, the Doctor am! 
Major were mutually interested, and hoth hoped 
to realize handsomely out of their venture in a 
pecuniary way. The Doctor, by agreement between 
the two. was to have fifty of the one hundred and 
sixty acres. He returned to Spring-held to see to 
the appointment of a board of commissioners to 
locate the county seat, and the Major went to work 
in the interests of the new town, and had the same 
platted and placed on record at Geneva. He pur- 
chased Norwegian Grove, lying a little to the east, 
paying for the same the sum of four hundred dol- 
lars, and removed Dr. Norbo, a Norwegian, who 
gave the name to the grove, to Geneva: purchased 
two or three teams of oxen, erected a store on the 
premises now owned by Boswell Dow. He also 
bridged the river, constructed a dam, cut a mill 
race from a point near the southwest corner of 
Norwegian Grove, through the lowlands just north 
of the river bridge, traces of which remain to this 
day. and erected a sawmill, and sought to make the 
place a prominent one for those days. At that 
time the old state road, running west from Gen- 
eva to the Mississippi, ran along the north side 
of Norwegian Grove, and this fact may have had 
something to do with the selection of Dr. Madden 
as a member of the legislature. 

While the Doctor was busy in the legislature the 
Major was busy at home. Commissioners favor- 
able had been selected by Madden and things 
promised a happy termination. The Doctor, how- 
ever, had a deeper purpose in view than the Major 
had at first suspected, but which soon showed 
itself. Madden came back in advance of the com- 
missioners and insisted that he must have mon 
than the fifty acres at first agreed upon. At this 
the Major was taken somewhat aback, but finally 
consented to increase the number of acres to sev- 
enty-five, the amount of land the Doctor thought 
he ought to have. This would have been willingly 
acquiesced in by the Major, but just upon the 
eve of the selection of the site by the commissioners 
the Doctor became still more greedy and demanded 
one hundred acres. Then the Major's ire was 
thoroughly aroused, and in the height of his in- 
dignation he vehemently told the Doctor to go to 

gehenna; that he would never give him that 
amount of land. The two were now at sword's 
points, and the Doctor at once set about to secure 
the location of the county seat at Brush Point. 

Apprised of his purpose, the Major quietly but 
actively began to bestir himself to defeat the Doc- 
tor, and at once hired riders In traverse the county 
to enlist the citizens in his behalf. The commis- 
sioners came, two of them, and one hundred and 
fifty men from all parts of the county met them 
upon their arrival. The place of meeting was at 
the Major's store. The day was spent in consulta- 
tion. There were several parties in this part of the 
county who had a location for the county seat in 
view, among them Captain Eli Barnes, who then 
owned what is now the John Burke farm, on the 
De Kalb road. There was where the Captain 
wanted it located. Then there was Mr. Calvin Col- 
ton, of Coltonville, who desired its location at his 
place. Ami it was wanted by a party from Genoa. 

On the next day. the interest increasing, there 
were two hundred men assembled at the Major's 
headquarters. The party was mounted on horses, 
and finally, in company with the commissioners, 
they all started out to inspect the different compet- 
ing localities for the county seat. They crossed 
the liver and halted first upon the site the Major 
had all the time favored and which, after his quar- 
rel with Madden, he determined to secure, if pos- 
sible, and that was where the city now stands. 
Here the Major pointed out in eloquent terms the 
natural advantages of the place, after which th? 
party took up the line of march. It was a jollv 
crowd and a jolly occasion. There was running of 
horses, whooping and all manner of fun afloat. 
Peaching the Captain Barnes place they listened 
to a stump speech from the redoubtable individ- 
ual and then struck for Coltonville. This localitv 
was soon inspected and away they broke for Bruah 
Point. After reaching there the Major invited the 
party to ride to the west for a distance of about 
sixty rods, which was done, and they found them- 
selves in the middle of a large flat covered with 
water. This, the Major said, was the place the 
Doctor had selected for the county seat, for the 
reason that it would never lack a supply of wate 1 ". 
Then a derisive shout went up at the expense of 
the Doctor and the party took up the line of 
march for Genoa. From Genoa they finished the 
circuit by bringing up at the Major's store. Here 



a further confab followed until finally one of the 
commissioners, Mr. Walker, told the party to go 
home, but to return on the morrow, when the 
county seat would be located. 

The eventful day arrived and so did the crowd. 
The party mounted and again visited each and 
every place they had gone to the day previous, 
with the exception of Genoa. The commissioners 
said that Genoa was a nice place but too near the 
north line of the county to be available. Then 
Commissioner Walker spoke and informed tin- 
crowd that with the concurrence of the other com- 
missioners (one of them was absent in St. Louis), 
he should designate the place selected by Major 
Wharry for the capital of the county. The other 
commissioner, Mr. Thurston, who was in close con- 
fab with Madden at the time, refused to concur 
with Walker, and advised that the absent commis- 
sioner be summoned. He was asked if he would be 
present providing the absent man could be got 
here and replied that he would not — that he would 
never come there again. This exasperated the 
Major and his friends, and they finally made him 
say as to which of the different sites visited h-3 
preferred; and, being considerably frightened by 
the demonstration made, said that if he must, he 
would say that Wharry' selection seemed the most 
favorable. The matter was ended by Walker, who 
stuck a stake, painted red at the top, near where 
the courthouse now stands, and the crowd drove 
it four feet into the ground. Afterwards a hickory 
pole about one hundred feet high was raised on 
the spot by the Major and his friends, where it 
stood with colors flying from the top. 

Madden continued to fisrht against the location 
with all his might, but the people of the countv 
came forth winners. The friends of the Major 
here were aided by the settlers at the southern 
extremity of the county on the condition that the? 
former should aid them in their desire to be set off 
and become a part of the county adjoining them on 
the south, which was agreed to. The support given 
to the Half-Shire bill some years apo bv the peo- 
ple here is said by the Major to have been in con- 
squence of the agreement spoken of. but how this 
may be we do not pretend to know or to say. 

The land tract located by Major Wharry and 
Mr. ShaTer in the interest of the land company, 
after the agreement first entered into by Madden 
and the Major, embraced two square miles of land 

with the boundaries as follows : Commencing about 
one quarter of a mile north of the Roswell Dow 
place, the west line was run to the south two 
miles, thence to the east, taking in a portion of 
Ohio Grove, and which also included the old Indian 
village, on what is now known as the Tyler farm ; 
thence north two miles, running to the north of 
Norwegian Grove, and taking in the same, and 
thence west two miles to the place of beginning. 
It will thus be seen by those familiar with the 
section of country embraced within the lines, tha 
the tract included the quarter section upon which 
the county seat was to be located, and which is 
now the Thomas Wood farm. The Major tells U9 
that the tract was marked out with a plow, four 
yoke of oxen being used and four days being con- 
sumed in the undertaking. 

Of course the old town north of the river was 
soon abandoned after the site for the county seat 
was finally determined upon. We have already 
spoken of Captain Eli Barnes-. The Captain is 
accredited with building the first house in Syca- 
more, the same being the present City Hotel, 
then known a= the Mansion House. Although the 
first constructed, the Barnes tavern was not the 
first house on the ground. A little wooden build- 
ing had been moved here from the old Hamlin 
place, south of here, and was occupied by a Dr. 
Bassett, the first physician of the place. John C. 
Waterman and Charles Waterman were the first 
merchants. This was in 1839. This year the old 
courthouse was built, which stood nearly opposite 
the present one. and was a very primitive affair. 
The next year— 1840— the village consisted of 
about a dozen houses. Among other residents at 
the time, and whose names are familiar to many 
of our readers, were E. S. Jewell, D. Banister, 
Jesse C. Kellogg, Carlos Lattin, L. D. Walrod' 
Jos. Sixbury, P. Love, and Marshall Stark. The 
M.ivos and other early settlers did not come until 
a year or two later. 

By the way, we asked the Major how he got his 
title. We supposed he had seen actual military 
service ; participated, perhaps, in the Black Hawk 
or some other memorable war, and were anxious 
to hear him recount his military exploits-. But in 
this we were disappointed. He was only Major of 
a company organized in the earliest days here fo; 
protection against the raids of the banditti of the 
prairies, who infested this portion of the west. 



In the same way Marshall Stark got to be colonel 
and Eli Barnes captain. Many now living re- 
member seeing Captain Barnes at the head of 
Fourth-of-July processions in Sycamore, dressed in 
uniform with sword and pistols, and mounted on 
his clumsily caparisoned steed. We remember him 
well, and it was with a feeling of awe that we 
gazed upon his stern features, and heard the severe 
orders as they issued from his lips to those under 
his command. He has long since been dead. 

At the elections for years there were no election 
tickets as now. A man appeared before judges of 
elections, first gave his name, then his choice was 
announced orally by him and written down on a 
tallv sheet. 

At the beginning of the year 18.38, the ma- 
chinery of the county was fairly set in working 
order and it was necessary that a term of court 
should be held for the trial of civil and criminal 
suits. The court house not being ready for oc- 
cupancy it was decided to hold the first term of 
the circuit court at the residence of Rufus Colton. 
The first grand jurors of the county were George 
H. Hill, Nathan Billings, William A. Miller, Ly- 
sander Darling, John Whitney, John Eastabrooks. 
William Miles, Henry Madden, Eli Barne- 
Phineas Stevens, Alpheus Jenks, Russell D. Cross- 
ett, John Maxfield. William Davis, Maltby B. 
Cleveland. D. S. Billiard, Zachariah Wood, Ralph 
Wviuan, Benjamin Stephens, Joseph A. Ann- 
strong, Henry B. Barber, Reuben Nichols, Justin 
Crafts. Petit jurors, C. W. Branch, E. P. White, 
Abner Jackman, Peter Lamoise, Clark Wright, 
John Elliott. Clark L. Barber, Joseph A. Me- 
Collum, Russell Huntley, Ora A. Walker, John 
Corkins, Solomon Wells, H. N. Perkins, Jacob 
Cox, Lyman Judd, Henry Durham, P. A. Wither- 
spoon, John Sebree, Marshall Stark, Jeremian 
Burleigh, John Riddle. William Russell, Watson 
Y. Pomeroy. Ezra Hansen. As the coming circuit 
court was expected to cause an unusual demand 
for stationery, the clerk of the county commis- 
sioner's court was authorized to purchase two dol- 
lars %vorth, and in addition was voted the sum of 
ten dollars to pay for a book of record. 

Three tavern licenses were granted this vear — 
one to Russell Huntley, at what is now the city of 
De Kalb, one to John Eastabrooks at Squaw Grove, 
and one to H. N. Perkins at the present village of 

Genoa, and to guard against extortion the board 
enacted that the rates for the government tavern 
keepers for the ensuing year be as follows : For 
each meal of victuals, thirty-one cents; for lodg- 
ing each person, twelve and a half cents; for each 
horse to hay over night, twelve and a half cents; 
for each bushel of oats, seventy-five cents. These 
were great prices in those days, and were more 
than were usually charged. Two years later, the 
price of a dinner in De Kalb county was twelve 
and a half cents, and a man was boarded for a 
week for one dollar. The total of the county tax 
levied the first year of its political existence was 
two hundred and sixteen dollars and fifty cents, 
but the deputy sheriff, James Phillips, after work- 
ing through the winter was unable to collect more 
than eighty-fouT dollars and thirty-seven cents. In 
August of this year three new county commis- 
si, mers were elected. They were Eli G. Jewell, 
Burrage Hough, and Henry Hix. They were 
partisans <>!' the Orange people in the county 
seal contest, and ordered that the October 
of court be held in the house of Captain Eli 
Barnes, which was then supposed to be under 
.mist ruction. Captain Barnes' house existed only 
in imagination and Mr. Colton, clerk of the 
circuit court had made all processes returnable 
at his residence. The ignus fatui was still dazzling 
before his eyes and he hoped still with the aid of 
Dr. Madden to have it located there. At this time 
Coltonville was the largest village of the county, 
it had a store, a tavern, a blacksmith shop, a doc- 
tor, a lawyer, and some of its citizens were plan- 
ning the erection of a distillery. 

Madden and Colton both being sorely vexed at 
being overruled in their choice of a county seat, 
had put their heads together to procure a removal 
by combining against Orange the two parties who 
favored Brush Point and Coltonville; and they 
managed it in this wise. Mr. Madden, who was 
still a member of the legislature, had during the 
last winter's session, procured the passage of an 
act providing that a vote should be taken first for 
or against the removal of the county seat from 
Orange. It was presumed that the two partiesi fa- 
voring Brush Point and Coltonville would combine 
and could carry this measure, for removal. In that 
case a second vote was to be taken upon Colton- 
ville or Brush Point, and the place receiving the 
highest number of votes was to be the county seat 



Madden returned, and made no public mention 
of the passage of this act. but it was strongly sus- 
pected by the Orange men, that something of this 
kind had been done, and was to ho -put through on 
the sly." It was finally discovered in this way. 
A certain bachelor of Genoa, Gleason by name, who 
was attached to the Orange party, invaded th 
Brush Point settlement one Sunday night, in 
search of a wife. From his fair Dulcinea, he 
learned to his surprise, that on the next Monday 
week, an election was to be held in that settle- 
ment to remove the county seat. Gleason informed 
bis friends of what he had heard, and it was 
agreed that the Orange men should meet them ,r 
the polls and vote the removal project '!<>« a. J. C 
Kellogg and E. G. Jewell were dispatched south in 
the night to rouse their Eriends in Somonauk. 

In due time the polls were opened, and to the 
surprise of the Brush Pointers, were opened in 
those precincts opposed to the change, as well as 
those which favored it. The unfairness of the 
sei re1 conspiracy was so apparent that in Som- 
onauk precinct, which then included six townships. 
forty-five of the forty-seven votes cast were again 
removal. The project was voted down by seven- 
teen majority, in the whole county. 

Coltonville had grown since the summer before 
when the first term of the county commissioners 
court was held there. There were lour or five 

bouses there now. but how the crowd of | pie that 

a—rmbled on this memorable occasion was pro- 
vided for must every ever be a mystery to futur 
generations. The first term of the court was held 
in a small framed house one story and a half in 
height, which, a few years after, was moved down 
to Sycamore, and is now the residence of W. W. 
Bryant, and standing nearly opposite the Univer- 
salis! church. Hon. John Pearson, the judge, re- 
sided at Danville, Vermilion county, and the ex- 
tent of his circuit may be judged from this fact. 
lie was subsequently removed for incompetence. 
Eufus Colton was the clerk, and Amasa Hunting- 
ton states attorney. There were but twenty suits 
upon the docket, none of them sharply contested 
cases. The first suit was one in which Erasmus D. 
Walrod was plaintiff and Stephen Harwood was 
defendant, but before the trial commenced it was 
settled by agreement of parties — a good first ex- 
ample which has not since been followed so close- 

ly as would have been to the advantage of the 

The duty of the twenty-four grand jurors and 
the states attorney, were ended when they had 
found an indictment against one William Taylor 
for passing counterfeit money. Taylor was sup- 
posed to be one of an organized gang that even at 
i In- early day was infesting the country, and 
swindling the honest i ttizens. Not being ready Eo ■ 
trial, lie was retained in charge of the county 
until the next term. After being comfortabh 
boarded for several weeks by the Barber family 
the county commissioners ordered him to the Will 
county jail, at Joliet, which was then the nearest 
available place of confinement; and out of the 
scantily furnished treasury of the county they paid 
forty-five dollars to a guard for conveying him 
there. When he was next brought out for trial 
he escaped from the guard ami was seen no move 
in this section of the country ; and when in addi- 
tion this misfortune, the Will county jailor sent in 
a bill for twenty-five dollars for his board, it bank- 
rupted the treasury; the commissioners indignant- 
ly refused to allow it and demanded the items. 
Alter this dear experience in the capture of crim- 
inals it became the policy to overlook all crimes 
that were aot too public and hienous, and when 

ffense had been committed that could not be 

overlooked, the county officers sometimes contrived 
that a hint should he given to the offender that he 
would probably he arrested, ami that it would be 
expedient for him to leave the country before that 
event should occur. In this way they rid them- 
selves of the elephant. In December of this year, 
a meeting el 1 county commissioners provided for 
ascertaining upon what section of land the coun- 
u seat had Keen placed. The county had not yet 
been surveyed by the United States. Nobody knew 
where the boundaries of the county were, nor were 
any other lines definitely ascertained. It wa- 
necessarv that the county should first make ite 
pre-emption claim to the quarter sect inn that ths 
law required it should own. a- private individuals 
made their claims, and then should survey and sell 
the village lots: out of the proceeds of which sale 
the public buildings were to be erected, guarantee- 
ing of course to the purchasers, that when the land 
came in market the county would purchase ami 
pay for it. 



For this purpose the commissioners duly author- 
ized and directed Eli G. Jewell to obtain the ser- 
vices of a surveyor and bring a line or lines from 
some survey made under the authority of the ge 
eral government down to the county seat, and ther 
cause a number of town lots not exceeding eighty, 
to be laid out, platted and recorded, the expense 
of which survey it was prudently provided should 
be paid out of the proceeds of the sale of the lots. 
At this term the rate of compensation to jurors 
was fixed at seventy-five cents per day, but at this 
rate was found to cause a heavy drain upon the 
treasury, it was subsequently reducted to fiftv 

Frederic Love was appointed first school com- 
missioner for the county, and was also granted a 
license to keep a tavern. Love's capacious cabin 
was as public a place as any in the county. He 
called it Oenterville, and hoped that at some time 
it would become the county seat. Henry iHirham 
of Genoa, was granted a merchant's license at this 
term of the court. A few years later, the village 
at that point had become the largest and most, 
lively in the county. In September, 1838, Shab- 
bona, the old Indian, employed James S. Water- 
man to survey the two sections of land which the 
government had granted him in that section of 
the country. During this year a company under 
the name of Jenks & Company, representing con- 
siderable capital, constructed a mill upon the Kish- 
wakee, in the present town of De Kalb on the 
land now occupied by Albert Schryvers farm, and 
projected a village which, however, was never built 
up. The large barn now — 1867 — standing upon 
that farm was one of the first framed buildings in 
the county, and was used on several occasions for 
the religious services of the quarterly meetings 
of the Methodists. 

The year 1839 was memorable as one of great 
suffering among the new settlers, from sickness. 
During the spring and autumn Tivonths. over most 
of the county, there were hardly enough of the 
well to take proper care of the sick. Ague and 
bilious fevers were the prevailing diseases. They 
resulted from the close proximity to the groves and 
streams to which the new comers all built their 
houses, and were aided by the insufficient and com- 
fortless little dwellings; also by the bad surface 
water from the sloughs which they used in the 
want of well of proper depth to supply water 

which was pure. It was difficult also, to secure 
medical attendance and the physicians who prac- 
ticed through the country, rarely had a sufficient 
supply of medicine. A citizen relates his disap- 
pointment when after having gone shaking with 
ague seven miles on foot to a doctor for a dose 
of quinine, the doctor told him solemnly, "No 
young man, I can't let you have it; you are young, 
and can wear out the disease. I must save my 
little supply for cases in which it is needed to save 
life, for I don't, know when I shall be able to ob- 
tain any more." 

Deaths were numerous, and the few carpenters 
in the country who were able to work, were at 
times busy night and day in making coffins. It 
was noticed that one settlement on the border of 
the county, in Franklin, afterward known as the 
Pennsylvania settlement, was quite free from the 
prevalent diseases. The three or four houses that 
composed this little village, were built by Dr. 
Hobart. Albert Fields, and William Ramsey, two 
miles from the timbered lands and in the middle 
of the prairie. To this was due their exemption 
from disease. 

The water problem in a new country seemed to 
be a most serious one, for had these settlers been 
provided with pure water, how much suffering and 
death might have been avoided. In 1839 there 
were more cases of typhoid fever, and more deaths 
resulting therefrom out of a population of about 
twelve hundred, that our county then possessed, 
than there has been in the last five years of our 
history and with a population of over thirty thou- 

Slough wells were about the only sources of 
drinking water. Even as late as 1842 Sycamore 
had but three wells fit for use. Many instances 
of suffering are related, and the medical attend- 
ance was of little service and difficult to get. 
Trained nurses were unknown. The afflicted were 
at the mercy of the good neighbors and a new 
attendant came each evening. 

Later came the deep bricked well, then the 
tubular well, which made far better health and 
disproved the old theory that settlements away 
from running water were impracticable. 

But the citizens in the vicinity of the countv 
seat found time to build a new court house. The 
survey lines ordered by the' county commissioners, 
bad been brought down from the neighborhood of 



Roekford, where some government surveying had 
already been done, and the village of Sycamore 
was staked out. The inhabitants of this place for 
all future time, may thank Captain Eli Barnes 
and James S. Waterman for the broad streets that 
now add so much to the beauty of the village. 
To many of the people, they seemed, at the time, 
unnecessarily wide, but the sensible plea that 
there was a whole continent of prairie before them, 
and that when Sycamore became a city they would 
be needed to accommodate its business, prevailed, 
and they were laid out one hundred feet wide. 
From the time the village was laid out. its original 
name of Orange was dropped, and Sycamore 
adopted by common consent. 

During the previous winter, Captain Barnes had 
got together materials for building a spacious 
tavern at the new county scat, ami early in the 
spring it was erected — the first building put up in 
this village. It is still standing, directly east of 
the public square, and has ever since been oc- 
cupied as a hotel. As an inducement for build- 
ing it, ii was agreed that the block on which it 
stands should be given to the Captain, free of 

This hostelry built of hewn timber in 1839 was 
the first frame house built in the town and stood 
for many years on the site of the Sycamore Car- 
negie Library. Knur year- ago it iv;i- removed about 
about one hundred feet to the southeast of its old 
site, where it was repaired and is still occupied as a 
hotel. The old timbers were in good state of 
preservation and the "Old Mansion House," as it 
w;is once called, bids fair to remain another seventy 
years as a monument to Captain Barnes, for this 
building placed Sycamore more firmly "on the 
map" and was sought by the weary traveler on his 
search for a home, or the farmer who was com- 
pelled to market his produce in Chicago by mears 
of ox teams, or a little later by the then swiftest 
freight, the horse team. 

For years this was called "Barnes' Folly," and 
was supposed to be unnecessary in so small a town. 
After this, other buildings followed so that we 
may truthfully say that Captain Barnes set an 
example that was followed, and for fifty years 
Sycamore has been known as a well-built, pretty 

The village having been laid out, the commis- 
sioners directed Mr. Jewell to proceed to sell lots 

at public auction, and with the proceeds to con- 
tract for building a courthouse ami jail. 

The auction was held, and the bidding was 
spirited. Some fifteen or twenty lots were sold at 
prices ranging from twenty to fifty dollars. Among 
the purchasers were Frederick Love, J. C. Kel- 
logg, James S. Waterman, Harvey Maxtiehl. Dan- 
iel Bannister. Almon Robinson, Erastus Barnes, 
and Timothy Wells. 

The proceeds of the sale constituted a little 
fund out of which, some of the materials for the 
courthouse were then purchased. Those most in- 
terested in the matter then took teams and drove to 
all the sawmills in the country round, and begged 
or bought, or traded for the necessary lumber. 
The labor upon the building was done by voluntary 
contribution. Everyone could do something and 
all worked with a will. 

By the time fixed for the June session of the 
circuit court, a two-story building twenty by thirty 
feet had been enclosed, and the county commis- 
sioners, who were hastily summoned together, or- 
dered their clerk of the court to notify the judge 
of the circuit court that they had erected a court- 
house at the county seat, and that it was ready foi 
i © upancy, and requested that he direct, the circuit 
clerk to keep his office there. 

Captain Barnes served the order upon the judgo 
now sitting in court at Coltonville, and the crowd 
of attendants, augmented by a large body of citi- 
zens assembled to see what action would be taken 
upon this order, awaited with great interest the 
argument upon the proposition to remove to Svca- 
more. When the judge decided that the court 
must hi- removed thence a shout of triumph went 
up from the Svcamore party, while the opponents 
of removal were correspondingly depressed. Judge 
Ford took his record under his arm, States Attor- 
ney Purple bundled up his papers, the sheriff, the 
lawyers, juries, parties and witnesses followed suit. 
and led by Captain Barnes, on that well-known 
spotted horse that he rode upon all public occa- 
sions for more than twenty years later, all took 
up their line of march through the thick woods 
and across the green prairie, to the new seat of 
empire at Sycamore. The assemblage was enter- 
tained at a grand public dinner at the new tavern, 
where all the luxuries that the country afforded 
were freely provided by the successful party. 








When the court repaired to the new courthouse, 
it was found that the courthouse was ready for 
occupancy, was rather more than its condition war- 
ranted. It had a frame, a roof, and some siding 
upon it, but there were no doors nor windows, and 
the only floor was some loose boards covering one- 
half of the upper story. When the officers of the 
court had clambered up to the seat of justice in 
the second story, it found furniture somewhat 
scarce. A tilting table was the judge's desk, and 
a broad, rough board was provided for the clerks 
and attorneys tables — et preeterea nihil. It was a 
rough and primitive arrangement for the enter- 
tainment of the blind goddess, and if she had had 
her ryes about her she would have fled from the 
spot in alarm. A question arose whether process 
having been made returnable at Coltonville, suits 
could lir tried at another locality, and except a few 
agreed cases, no litigation was carried on. Wil- 
liam Taylor, the only criminal, having fortunately 
run away, and the arrest of all others being care- 
fully avoided, there was no use for a grand jury, 
and it bad been at once dismissed, and tile court 
speedily adjourned. 

The commissioners' court at the June session, 
divided the county into three assessment districts. 

The districts of Franklin. Kingston, and Kish- 
waukee constituted the first, and of this J. F. Page 
was chosen assessor. Sycamore, Orange and Ohio 
districts made the second, and of this. Austin Hay- 
den was assessor. Somonauk and Paw Paw made 
the third, and of this Stephen Arnold was asse"- 
sor. The three assessors were each paid I'm' three 
days" service in assessing the entire property of 
the county. 

At the August election, John E. Hamlin was 
chosen clerk of the county commissioners' court, 
ami Lysander Darling, county treasurer, in place 
(if George H. Hill. William M. Maxfield was 
chosen county collector. Alpheus Jenks. recorder. 

In this year, the land in three northern town- 
>hi]i> which had previously been surveyed by the 
United States, was put in the market. It was a 
part of what was called the Rockford or Polish 

The United States government, in sympathy 
with the Poles who had just been overwhelmed 
in their contest for their independence by the 
power of Russia, had made a grant of a large tract 
of land on the banks of the Rock river to such of 

that nation as chose to settle upon it. It was ac- 
cordingly surveyed some years earlier than most 
of this part of the state. Very lew of that nation, 
however, availed themselves of this privilege. 
Claims bad been made on the same land by other 
and earlier settlers. These combined to drive 
away the new claimants. Numerous little stock- 
ade forts were built with loop holes for muskets, 
and a determination was expressed to drive the 
Polish emigrants out of the country, and they were 
entirely successful. They never occupied their 

At Coltonville, the large two-story house still 
standing there was built this year for a tavern, 
and was opened with a grand ball in the autumn. 
Tn make a sufficient party, the whole country was 
summoned. Some twenty of the guests came from 
Oregon, thirty miles west, and as many more froi: 
St. Charles, twenty miles to the east. 

We have had the pleasure of talking with one 
who came as a guest and this was at the time re- 
garded as the most notable social function of tlv 
county. The dance lasted all night, and by morn- 
ing light many had become intoxicated. Whisky 
sold for a cent a glass at the tavern bar, but on 
the whole, good order and merriment reigned su- 
preme. The music was the best ever danced to at 
-that time. It was a noted event. 

In the summer of the previous year, a conven- 
tion was held at Ottawa to nominate candidates 
for the legislature. Delegates went from Orange, 
now called Sycamore, to see that men favorable to 
their point as the count v seat should be nominated, 
and they selected William Stadden for senator 
ami J. W. Churchill for the assembly. But they 
were disappointed in their men. At the winter'- 
session, another act was passed authorizing a vote 
upon the removal of the county seat. 

The session laws in these times were not circu- 
lated till six months after the sitting of the legisla- 
ture, and before any opponents of removal were 
aware of the existence of such an act, the time had 
arrived for a vote upon the question. 

A poll book was opened at Coltonville. a dozen 
\oies or so were cast for removal to that place, 
and the terms of the law were considered to be 
complied with. The seat of justice technically was 

But Kellogg, the county commissioners' clerk, 
refused to deliver the books. He was arrested and 



tried before Justice Harvey Maxfield, and after a 
savage, wordy warfare, was discharged. 

The total receipts and expenditures of the coun- 
tv this year amounted to the sum of tour hundred 
and fifty-two dollars and fifteen cents, a very mod- 
erate amount considering that a courthouse had 
heeii constructed, and that, although built from 
another fund, it naturally increased some of the 
county expenses. 


The boy or man, as he scours the prairies, the 
wnods and the few undrained swamps for the game 
that is now so scarce, little dreams, perhaps, of the 
days when men, not now fifty, with a single bar- 
reled muzzle-loading shot gun or rifle did not 
need to wear out much boot-leather to bring home 
enough game for himself anil neighbors. 

The writer well remembers hearing John Mullen 
of May field, tell how he and his son. Phillip, killed 
seven deer before breakfast in the early '50s. Wild 
cats were numerous in the woods and many of 
them were killed by the pioneers. The last one 
killed in our count] so Ear as we know was killed 
on the farm owned by Albert < loir in Kingston 
township in 1885. 

The last lynx killed in our county was in Squaw 
Grove in May. 1867, ami previous to that the\ 
were dispatched in different portions of the county. 

Here is a true story that smacks of true pioneer 
days : At the Brush Point school house in May* 
field on presidential election. November, 1856. 
Houton Graham appeared with a heavy Kentucky 
rifle on his shoulder to vote for his favorite candi- 
date. Buchanan. Many of his admirers called him 
"Buekanan," and some abbreviated it to "Buck.' ; 
Houton Graham remarked after depositing his oal- 
lot that he had voted for "Buck" and now he would 
go into the woods and kill one : which boast was 
faithfully carried out and on the next day "Uncle 
Hout" had venison for dinner. 

Who of the old residenters does not remember 
the millions of wild pigeons that on certain days 
in autumn almost darkened the sky in their south- 
ward flight. During those day- the greenest huntei 
might sit hidden within shooting distance of some 
dead tree in the woods and shoot scores of them in 
a day. Their haunts in Kentucky and Tennessee 
were visited bv many naturalists. Audubon tells 

us that hundreds of limbs were broken beneath 
their weight. They have been thought by many 
to be now extinct, but their breeding places are 
now in the sparsely settled timberland regions of 
South America, and they have again appeared m 
the northern portions of Wisconsin and Michigan. 

The stately sand hill crane is a bird of the past 
in this vicinity. They reared their young in the 
center of a large swamp out of the hunters' reach 
ami built their nests in a conical mound made oi 
rashes and swamp grass, and when hatched took 
them on their backs to the shore. The sand hill 
crane stood more than four feet when full grown, 
was difficult to hunt, and when wounded would 
fight desperately. Their flesh was considered a 
great delicacy. They would light on a high knoil 
where they could spy the approaching enemy and 
perform some queer antics which some have called 
a dance. Tin \ flew at great height and were 
exceptionally cautious, so that few indeed are the 
hunters who can boast of having killed one. 

The water fowl are still seen, but not one-hun- 
dredth new of what they were a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago. 

In the middle sixties two men hid in some wil- 
lows near a pond on the farm of Win. Wike and 
during one afternoon killed ducks enough to fill 
a wash boiler. Now Prof. Stout wears out tine 
pairs of boots to kill one poor little teal duck. 

The figure four, a trap devised for the capture 
of quail, destroyed its tens of thousands, and not 
until within the last i'vw years, since they have 
been protected by stringent laws and the game 
wardens have broughl them into this section from 
Virginia, has the familiar whistle of "bob white" 
be. mi heard as in days of old. They are now quite 
tame, and during the winter feed around our barns. 
The crow now seems to be the most dangerous 
enemy of the quail and prairie chicken. They 
destroy the nests in large numbers, eating the 
eggs and very young birds. 

Old settlers tell us that after grain was grown 
on the prairies these birds rapidly increased, but 
as soon as the crow in large numbers appeared ami 
the hunters from city and town would camp out 
and destroy hundreds of quail and prairie chicken 
in a day or two, they rapidly disappeared. The 
crow is an enemy of every kind of bird and it must 
and is being reckoned with, for in many counties 



a bounty is given for the destruction of this pro- 
lific black thief of the winged tribe. 

'The streams abounded in most excellent varie- 
ties of fish, such as pickerel, bass, catfish, and other 
kinds, but they seined and speared until now the 
"Izaak Waltons" must be patient indeed if from 
our Kishwaukee we can even secure suckers or carp 
sufficient for our dinner. 

The days of hunting for any game are practically 
over, and like the buffalo that once roamed over a 
greater portion of our country, the remaining va- 
rieties of the once innumerable beasts, fowl and 
fishes, sought by the hunters of the past are fast 
disappearing and with them that type of American 
known as the hunter and trapper with many traits 
of the Indian, who in the earlier days of national 
life made a soldier unsurpassed in the annals of 
war and made glorious our arms in the Revolution, 
War of 1812 and the War with Mexico. 

In the early days of the DeKalb county pioneers 
when game abounded, many are the exciting inci- 
dents that were participated in by hunters long 
since gone to "the happy hunting ground." 

When one realizes that a citizen now living ha*, 
seen as high as thirty deer in a herd, and that they 
were as numerous almost as rabbits are now, we 
can see how rapid was the wanton destruction of 
this noble game, for in about a third of a century 
after Jack Sebree. our first permanent settler, 
made his home in Squaw Grove, they had disap- 

R. F. Watson of Franklin and Solomon Wells 
and William Driscoll killed more than one hun- 
dred of these animals, and at times counted one 
hundred and twenty-five in a drove. In cold 
weather when snow was deep the deer would often 
mingle with the cattle and feed on hay and grain, 
but the temptation of the hunter could not be 
resisted and his fate was certain on such occasions. 

We, who are now two score years of age, can well 
remember how many of the barns, granaries and 
other farm buildings were ornamented with the 
antlers of the deer, and they were exhibited as a 
testimonial to the hunter's skill — much the same 
way in which an Indian warrior wore the scalps of 
victims to exhibit his military prowess. 

During the severe winter of 1842 when the 
ground was covered for months with deep snow, 
and deer and other game sought the barnyard for 
food, hundreds of deer were ruthlessly destroyed. 

To add to the discomfiture ef this timid game, 
a thaw came which lasted for a day or two, and 
then came cold weather, making an icy crust over 
the snow, thick enough to carry a man, but not 
sufficiently thick to prevent the sharp hoof of a 
deer from breaking through. 

At such times the deer, if unmolested, would 
make paths or runways leading from their usual 
haunts to their feeding and watering places. 

The morning after the freezing, W. Scott, who 
kept some hounds, George Wood, Sr., A. B. Green, 
S. Gregory and others from Genoa started for the 
woods west of town and in what is now Kingston, 
came upon their doomed quarry. 

The fleet hounds soon overtook the poor animals 
plunging through the crusted snow and would nab 
ami harry them until the bulldog would overtake 
the deer and seize them by the throat and soon 
end the struggle. In this way seven deer were 
dispatched in a few hours. Another early Genoa 
hunter well remembers how the wolves would easily 
kill the deer at such times, by hiding along the 
runways while others of the pack would chase them 
into the pitfall. 

One of the exciting events of the early days in 
Genoa was a "wolf hunt" some time in the early 
'40s. This called out the men and boys generally. 
They met at the village of Genoa, then about as 
large and enterprising as any in our county, and 
chose a leader who took command. Those who car- 
ried no arms took horns and tin pans to "stir up 
the animals." They formed a circle many miles in 
circumference and began marching toward the 
center forming a corydon of men on horses and on 
foot, making enough noise for an Indian war dance 
while the unerring rifle was doing its deadly work- 
on wolves, deer, an occasional wild cat, coons and 
other animals. But while wolves were the real ob- 
ject of this gathering, still their cunning, which 
far exceeds that of the fox, prevented the hunters 
from bagging more than a dozen, but the families 
represented by the hunters in this expedition had 
an abundance of provisions for several days. 

Another wolf hunt in the town of Pierce was or- 
ganized at Grimm's woods, now used as a picnic 
ground, in the early '509 and their field of opera- 
tion was the prairie, but aside from one or two 
wolves killed the expedition accomplished but little 
aside from the fun and noise. The prairie was not 
a good field for such operations, so the sons of the 



prairie resorted to traps and poison, and on a few 
01 1 asions when the mother wolf betrayed her home 
unconsciously while robbing the barnyard for the 
sustenance of her family, the young ones were 
dug up and destroyed. 

The wolf is still here in large numbers, but his 
home is now in the woods, but he is seen almost 
daily by someone; and as his enemies increase m 
numbers his cunning increases with every woli 
-- aeration. They are too sharp to be poisoned, 
they cannot be trapped, nor will they go inside ar, 
inclosure of woven wire. In an early day they 
made the night hideous with their howling, now 
dangers so common make them silent. The young 
wolf is schooled by the mother so that now a mod- 
ern wolf is a veritable Socrates compared with the 
wolf of a half century ago, so the wolf folk im- 
prove the same as the human race. What is true 
of this game is true also of the wild things gen- 

The year 1840 found DeKalb county increasing 
in population very rapidly. Those who now came 
u.,v generally from the eastern states. The tide 
of emigration from southern Illinois, composed oi 
people from Indiana. Tennessee and Kentucky 
was not so numerous as in years past. The year 
L840 was known as one of bountiful crops and the 
prairie was then used largely lor cultivation, but 
the grain was to lie harvested by means of cradles 
and in many instances threshed out on threshing 
Boors, horses being used to tramp out the grain. 
Alter all this labor the grain must be hauled to 
Chicago usually by ox teams and \\;:- -old for from 
twenty to forty cents a bushel. And the man con- 
sidered himself extremely lucky if after this jour- 
ey, which took four or five days, he found him- 
self possessed of enough money to pay his expenses 
and get the few groceries that were needed. The 
people from the southern states were a generous, 
hospitable people, but many of them lacked the 
shrewdness of the New Englanders and other citi- 
zens of northern origin. 

Schools were established in 1837 in private 
houses and perhaps three or four were held at 
different places. In 1S39 the land was surveyed 
north of the base line, which includes the town- 
ships of Franklin. Kingston and Genoa. This, with 
some territory north of our countv. was known 

as the Polish survey and was surveyed for the 
occupation of Polish refugees, but the Americans 
who settled here took pains to frighten them awav 
and in some instances established cabins whien 
served as forts to hold the territory in case of 
trouble, so that the Polish emigration to this part 
of the country amounted to but little. James H. 
Furman. who was afterward editor of the Sand- 
wich Gazette and had come from New York in 
1840, taught school in what was then known as 
the Virginia and North Carolina settlement at 
Squaw Grove. There was one frame house in the 
settlement, that of Jack Sebree. All others lived 
in log cabins. "One double log house was a favor- 
ite resort for all the neighborhood and there he 
spent most of his time. Huge roaring fires of logs 
in fireplace- a1 each end of the room could hardly 
keep the winter chill out of the ill constructed 
dwellings. At night they slept between two 
featherbeds as was the custom in the southern 
country in the winter time. There was no furni- 
ture to speak of — most of them sat upon the floor 
or on slab benches and at meal time went out of 
doors from the sitting room to the kitchen, where 
bountiful meals were provided, for provisions were 
abundant. Tin- women of these homes spun and 
wove woolen garments for the whole family beside 
doing the household duties and caring for the 
dairy. They only complained that their husbands 
would not raise flax so that they could have some 
tow to spin when there was no other work to do. 
There was a settlement of southern people in 
Franklin and Somonauk townships and in Paw 
Paw but most of the settlers who came after the 
'in- were from New York and New England.*' 
The country was still overrun with horse thieves 
and counterfeiters. There being no jails, the labor 
of confining the prisoners in sheriff's houses and 
other places as could be found was so burdensomi 
that few arrests were made and when criminals 
were imprisoned the great effort was to get them 
to run away so as to relieve the county from the 
3i of their keeping. The county treasury 
was usually empty. Countv orders were issued for 
all expense and they were at great discount but as 
they were receivable for taxes little else could be 
collected and no money went into the treasury. 

In the village of Sycamore, the county seat, the 
Mansion House, which was built by Captain EH 
P>arnes the previous year, was the center of popu- 



lation and it was crowded with patrons. In one 
corner of this building was a store kept by John 
and Charles Waterman, who moved their goods 
from their store north of the river, where the ten n 
had first been started and where in a little log 
cabin sixteen by eighteen feet they had first estab- 
lished business. The hotel was crowded with 
boarders, mostly young men who had come west 
to seek their fortunes. Many of them became well 
known and prominent in the history of the county. 
Among them were John, James, Robert ami Char- 
les Waterman, afterward not only prominent in 
this community but in other parts of the Union, 
Robert Waterman becoming governor of Califor- 
nia. Charles Waterman was a wealthy merchant 
of Rockford, and James, at the time of his death, 
was the wealthiest man in DeKalb county. Here 
also was Reuben Ellwood, later a member of con- 
gress and Dr. Page, Frank Spencer, Jesse Rose, 
John R. Hamlin, afterward a prominent county 
official, and D. P. Young. 

"They were a gay set as full of pranks ami tun 
ami practical jokes as ever a dozen wild fellows 
eould have been. For some reason the hotel came 
lo be called the Nunnery and went by that name 
for many years. It was a most inappropriate title 
for there was nothing more like a nun about it 
than the one hired girl in the kitchen, [ndeed 
there were but three marriagable women in the 
place and when dances were held the country was 
searched for miles around in search of lady part- 

"The school was kept in the courthouse by a 
man named Dr. Bill and it was well attended, 
pupils coming from three or four miles to attend 
the same." This year was known as the great cam- 
paign of 1840. The financial depression of 1837 
had wonderfully crippled the administration of 
Van Buren and democracy seemed to be at a low 
ebb. Harrison had been a candidate four years 
previous and had not made a very substantia] run 
ami political sentiment seemed to lie greatly di- 
vided. At the beginning of the campaign it had 
been stated that Harrison was an old pioneer and 
great favorite for political preferment, "preferring 
ti remain in his log cabin and have plenty of hard 
eider to drink." This was taken up by the politi- 
cal adherents of Harrison and it became known a^ 
the log cabin and hard cider campaign. The 
political enthusiam which swept over the Union 

did not fail to reach the little frontier settlements 
of DeKalb county. In the election of 183G there 
was practically no organization of opposition to 
democracy in what is now DeKalb county, but then 
a precinct of Kane. The emigration from the east 
brought :n a large number of whigs and they de- 
cided to hold a political meeting. Or. Whitney of 
Belvidere, a prominent whig, delivered an address 
before a great whig assembly at the log cabin of 
Carlos Lattin, which stood on the site of the pres- 
ent Sycamore National Bank. Political enthu- 
siasm ran high and for the first time the democrats 
of DeKalb county had strong opposition. There 
was a procession formed, people came from twenty 
and thirty miles around and took the village by 
storm. Two or three of the precincts of the county 
gave Harrison a majority but the result of the vote 
polled is as follows: Van Buren, democrat, one 
hundred and ninety-seven; Harrison, Whig, one 
hundred and ninety-seven; Harrison, whig, one 
be noticed that this was the largest proportional 
whig vote of the county for many years following. 
At that time the elections were held more than one 
day and people did not have regular tickets but 
announced their preference orally. 

The stage route from St. Charles to Sycamore 
was established this year and Timothy Wells and 
Charles Waterman were proprietors of the line. 
They had an elegant four horse coach and carried 
a large number of passengers over what is now 
the old state road, a distance of fifty-five miles. 
At the time of the meeting of the circuit court 
one hundred ami live cases were disposed of. At 
this time DeKalb county had no lawyers but those 
present who took part from other counties and 
afterward became famous were: J. William Scam- 
mon. Norman B. Judd, Norman II. Purple, Judge 
Peters, from Peoria, W. D. Barry and S. S. Jones 
from St. Charles, Chapman and Allen from Ot- 
tawa, Nathan Allison from Naperville and Asa 
Dodge from Aurora. The first indictment for 
selling liquor without a license resulted in ac- 
quittal — a precedent that has since been most 
faithfully followed. The county commissioners 
this year created twenty-four road districts and 
raised the license for grocery keepers to twenty- 
five dollars. It must be remembered at this time 
that grocery keepers also kept liquor, which was 
sold for about one-tenth of tin' price that is charged 



today and if a person bought a large quantity of 
goods "a drink of liquor was thrown in." 

Some school districts were organized this year 
and trustees were appointed. The survey of 1839 
had made three townships in the north part of the 
county, but they remained unnamed and the coun- 
ty still remained under county organization. 
Trustees for the sale of school lands were ap- 
pointed for townships 37, 38 and 41 in range 5, 
and Squaw Grove was the first town to dispose of 
its school lands. Had the sixteen sections of the 
several townships of the county been retained for 
school purposes the revenue raised therefrom at 
the present time would have been sufficient to pay 
the running expenses of all the district schools of 
the county. The elections were held at private 
residences, as no public place such as schoolhouses 
and town halls had been built. Dr. Madden of 
Brush Point was again a member of the legisla- 
ture and he secured an act which was passed Jan- 
uary 3d of this year, to permanently locate the 
seat of justice for the county of DeKalb. The 
county seat which had been maintained at Syca- 
more for some time seems to have been removed 
from Orange. A vote of a dozen or so who had 
assembled thought it. should be removed to Colton- 
ville, an election in pursuance of the law, but kept 
secret from the great mass of people. This scheme 
was hatched up by Dr. Madden and as session 
laws were not in possession of the people he gave 
no information of the election. When the final act 
of the legislature was passed great excitement pre- 
vailed. The still hunt of Dr. Madden had leaked 
out in the following way: A young man by the 
name of Gleason had been calling on a young lady 
previous to the election and he was informed by 
her that Dr. Madden had secured the county seat 
for Brush Point. He was a partisan of Sycamore 
and immediately spread the alarm and Jesse Kel- 
logg and Evans Wharry were sent south to arouse 
the voters, and when the final vote was taken it 
was found that there were one hundred and forty- 
three votes against the removal of the seat of 
justice from Coltonville and two hundred and for- 
ty votes in favor of the removal of the seat of 
justice to Oramre. now Sycamore, showing a favor 
of the removal of the seat of justice from Col- 
tonville of ninety-seven votes. There were 
also cast at the said election two hun- 
dred and seven votes in favor of Orange being the 

seat of justice, and there were given at the election 
one hundred and thirty-seven votes in favor of 
Brush Point; showing a majority of seventy votes 
in favor of Sycamore being the seat of justice. We 
have no record preserved of the names of the 
men who cast their votes which must have been a 
very complete poll and that shows less than four 
hundred representing the entire vote of the county. 
"Morris Walrod was at this time sheriff of the 
county and a very efficient officer he proved to be. 
To induce him to take and keep open the hotel at 
the county seat he was promised the office of 
sheriff, and the horse thieves and counterfeiters 
who infested the county found him a dangerous 
foe. It was during this year that he arrested one, 
Winthrop Lovelace, who was said to be one of that 
gang and he was bound over for trial. Walrod 
kept him securely ironed by day and tied to a 
bedpost in a little room of the tavern and at night 
he was securely tied to Constable Alvah Cart- 
wright, who slept by his side. One night Cart- 
wright attended a grand ball at Coltonville, which 
was given at the completion of the Coltonville 
House, which still stands, and coming home fa- 
tigued. Cartwright slept unusually sound. When 
he awoke his prisoner was gone. A well-known 
citizen and suspected associate of the gang is sup- 
posed to have supplied him with a file, with which 
he cut his bracelets and escaped. But as he fled 
northward across the mill dam, w-hen daylight 
came he was discovered. Parties got out anil 
searched the country for it was certain that he 
could not have gotten out of Norwegian Grove, 
the hunt lasting all day without success. Toward 
evening it was discovered that the tall grass near 
the mill dam had been parted. The trail was fol- 
lowed and the poor wretch was found sitting in 
the mill pond chilled nearly to death. It took 
several hours of smart rubbing to revive him. 
When he was finally brought to trial he escaped 
from the courthouse probably amid a crowd of his 
fellows of the banditti and was seen no more in 
this county. For many years it was the custom 
of the sheriff to keep his prisoners manacled but 
to board them at the same table with his travelers 
and other guests of the hotel. They came shuffling 
in at the first table and usually took the head and 
did honors to the other guests in their best style. 
It sometimes astonished strangers but was con- 
sidered all right by the regular boarders." 



The county was divided into assessors districts 
and John Riddle, one of the first settlers of 
Franklin was appointed assessor of district No. 
1, Frederick Love of district No. 2 and Stephen 
Arnold of district No. 3. It took them six days- 
each to assess the county and as the result a tax of 
three hundred and thirty-four dollars and seventy 
cents was collected. Amos Story of Sycamore was 
collector for the county that year. 

The next year the first resident lawyer in the 
county, Andrew J. Brown, was admitted to prac- 
tice, the county commissioners court certifying 
that he was a man of good moral character. He 
settled in Sycamore but most of his practice at the 
bar at this time was monopolized by Barry, Dodge, 
Fridley and Champlin. Andrew J. Brown remained 
here but a short time and removed to Chicago, 
where he became quite distinguished. He lived to 
an advanced age and died in 1906. Crothers Cham- 
plin was at Coltonville at an earlier clay according 
to the claims of some and remained there until the 
county seat was removed to Sycamore. He is said 
to have been a man of considerable ability and well 
read for one of his age. He afterward became a 
partner of the famous T. Lisle Dickey and became 
quite distinguished at the bar. The county com- 
missioners for this year were Sylvanus Holcomb, 
Martin M. Mack and David Merritt. The duty 
of the county commissioners still seemed to be the 
laying out of public roads and occasionally sur- 
veyed for a school district. The records which 
are kept quite complete are found to be uninter- 
esting and perhaps three-fourths of all of their 
acts were concerned in the matter of road con- 
struction. The great state road from Ottawa to 
Beloit was laid out this summer. It was made 
eighty feet wide and is described as entering the 
county at Somanauk, passing Sebree's, Esterbrooks 
and Lost Grove to the southeast corner of the 
public square, thence to H. Durham's, to Deer 
Creek and Genoa and north to the county line. 

The year 1841 was also a good year so far as the 
production of crops was concerned. Houses be- 
gan to be built over the prairie and everything 
seemed to take on a rather prosperous air. About 
this year there was brought into the county a 
thresher which was considered far in advance of 
the flail or the threshing floor, which had been a 
common use. It consisted of a cylinder set in a 
frame which threshed out the grain but the straw 

and the grain came together. A man carried the 
straw away with a fork and the grain was run 
through a fanning mill. This was considered a 
great change in this country, when wheat seemed 
to be the great money making crop. The cradle 
was still used for cutting the grain but one or two 
reapers, which would now be considered very rude 
in their construction were used in the county. 
They were drawn by eight oxen, one man driving 
them and the other raking off the grain. By this 
means they were able to cut from six to eight 
acres a day. 


The history of DeKalb county in those early 
days is not unlike that of other sections of our 
country. The lawless element always seeks the 
frontier, as they are generally freer from detec- 
tion, and are brought to justice with greater dif- 
ficulty than in older settlements. In this sec- 
tion of the country in the later '30s and early '40s 
all through this state and eastern Iowa were or- 
ganized bands of thieves. Some of these were 
desperate men, who were driven from their homes 
in the east because of crimes committed. As 
there was but little property in those early days 
and horses were extremely valuable as a means of 
travel, and in fact were the only means of com- 
munication, the desperadoes work partook of the 
nature of horse stealing. It is due largely to the 
men of DeKalb, Ogle and Winnebago counties that 
this rascality was brought to a close east of the 
Mississippi valley. The story has been frequently 
told and it is with considerable care and after 
personal investigation that we state the facts that 
appear below. Great injustice has been done in 
the different accounts of the stories of the banditti 
which has been a severe infliction to those who sur- 
vive and were entirely innocent of the crimes com- 
mitted. Mob law is never justifiable and in this 
case had the law taken its course and the men put 
on trial their innocence could have easily been es- 
tablished. As it is, even the excitement of that 
time when prairie pirates were thirsting for blood, 
no real proof was ever established against the men, 
so hastily and cruelly executed at Washington's 
Grove, June 29, 1841. Tn Brodie's Grove, which is 
west of the present township of Malta was a ren- 



dezvous for the banditti. Mr. Benjamin Worden, 
one of the early pioneers of DeKalb county dis- 
covered, what was known as the "sink hole," while 
in search of some cattle. Into this the horses were 
taken and secured during the day and at night 
were removed to stations further north, as the 
horse thieves found an excellent market for their 
stolen property in the lumber districts of Wiscon- 
sin. The line of travel was usually from Brodie's 
Grove to Gleason's at Genoa. Henpeck now Old 
Hampshire Ln Kane county, thence north through 
McHenry county into Wisconsin. Mr. Boise in the 
ln-iory of DeKalb county gives the following: 
"Walking over the prairie in search of cattle. Mr. 
Worden suddenly found the ground -ink beneath 
lus feet and he precipitated Into a large cavity 
which had been carefully excavated, then covered 
with planks and soil and carefully turfed over with 
growing grass and no trace of excavation could 
lie -en. Although no property was then in the 
cavern, yet the purpose for which it was destined 
was evidenl and i t> proximity to the residence of 
the Brodies indicated the origin and owner-hip of 

this place of conceal ut. .Mr. Worden had 

brought a pair of line horses to this country in 
L836 and much against his will felt forced to adopl 
the prevalent custom of concealing in the barn 
to guard them. The elder Brodie discovered that 
be made this practice and innocently asked why. 
lie answered promptly and significantly that there 
were many thieves and he feared he should have 
them stolen. The old man answered him thai he 
had taken a fancy to him and that liis horses 
should not be stolen. The old man had the repu- 
tation of being one of the chiefs of the gang and 
Worden, confident of his sincerity, considered 
them -ale a- if guarded with bars of steel. The 
Brodies were continually seen going and coming 
and almost every time were upon a new horse, 
usually a very line animal ami people were gen- 
erally suspicious of them. John Brodie's borne 
was situated in the grove that now bears his name, 
from the fact of his being the first settler in that 
immediate locality, lb' cam.' there from Franklin 
county, Ohio, and was about fifty-five years of 
age when he built his cabin. In physique he was 
rather under medium <ize. a very low forehead, still' 
Mack" hair, small black eyes, set deep in bis head. 
and in every particular bad a very repulsive, pi- 
ratical look. His three sons. John. Stephen and 

Hugh, were of romantic, unsettled natures, of 
wreckless habits and indifferent to all social ameni- 
ties and void of all respect for the material rela- 
tion-. They were accounted dare devils generally 
ami were both feared and despised. Hugh Brodie 
was a very large man and had nerves of steel and 
never knew the sensation of fear, and from all evi- 
dence- thai could lie collected, n wa- Hugh Brodie 
that was one of the two who stood by the side of 
the assassin of Captain Campbell. It can lie said 
for the Brodies, however, that, they were com- 
panionable and true to their friends and had many 
admirable qualities, ft was sometimes very diffi- 
cult to detect the parties who were in sympathy 
with the banditti. In almost every instance when 
ihe\ were brought to trial they had representa- 
tives who were on the jury and conviction seemed 
almost impossible. After several trials, with th? 
thefts of horses increasing, the citizens who were 
law-abiding organized themselves into what is 
known as the Regulators or Lynching clubs. Oni 
wa- organized in Sycamore and many of Syca- 
more's leading citizens were members. There were 
the Walrods, Watermans, Henry Furness, John B. 
Hamlin. Marshall Stark. Carlos Lattin and many 
others well-known to this community. Another 
organization wa- in the northern part of DeKalb 
county. There were t wo or three companies from 
Ogle, one from the vicinity of Dixon, several in 
Mi llenrv and two in Winnebago county. These 
regulators or lynchers were often injudicious as 
no doubt every band of persons, organized for that 
purpose, usually i>. even up to the present day. 
One of their victims, especially a person by the 
name of Daggett, who resided near Greenough"s 
Ford, was seized and upon declaring his innocence 
and begging for leniency was allowed for the mo- 
ment to escape, but finally the horse for which the 
Regulators were hunting was found and one of the 
regulators claimed to have -ecu Daggett riding it. 
Daggett was again sought for. caught, stripped 
and brutally whipped with ninety-six lashes on his 
hare back. It was supposed by manv that he was 
entirely innocent and consequently the feeling of 
hatred increased between the regulators and the 
banditti. Anonymous letter- were frequently re- 
sorted to and on them w-ere inscribed the skull and 
i ross bones. Such a condition of affairs could not 
last long without being brought to a head and 
trouble occurred. A man by the name of Long, 




captain of the White Eock company of regulators 
had a mill near Stillmams Run and was 
asked anonymously to resign his position, 
which he refused to do. A few days 
later the mill was burned to the ground 
and he immediately resigned his position to a man 
named Wellington who took his place. Mr. Well- 
ington was not equal to the emergency and upon' 
receiving a letter on which the skull and crossbones 
were inscribed he resigned, and John Campbell, a 
Scotchman and devout Presbyterian, was chosen 
as his successor. In the early part of the '40s a 
challenge was sent to the regulators to meet a com- 
pany of bandits in a duel at South Grove, and the 
White Pock Company to the number of one hun- 
dred and fifty marched to the place chosen and on 
their approach discovered a number of the ruffians 
armed as if inviting an attack. When within a 
half mile they baited to complete arrangements 
for the duel. Then it was determined to send 
some members of the band of regulators to the 
bandits for a parley. The bandits informed them 
that if they would give them a little time to go>txf- 
Sycamore and get other members of their organi- 
zation they would be ready for the struggle. The 
regulators immediately camped on the ground 
awaiting the return of the horse thieves. At three 
o'clock in the afternoon the party from Sycamore 
returned but instead of bringing his company of 
confederates he brought Sheriff Walrod, Esquire 
Mayo and Judge Lovell. These gentlemen in- 
quired the nature of the strange gathering and in 
reply Mr. Campbell made a decided and effective 
answer, every word of which fell with a powerful 
force against the dozen men suspected of being 
guilty of horse stealing. He told why they were 
there, for what purpose they had come and what 
they intended to do and perhaps injudiciously told 
some of the crimes committed by the Brodies and 
by the Driscolls. Enough so that he secured their 
everlasting enmity. Before the party from Syca- 
more returned they informed the White Pock Reg- 
ulators that if they needed help to crush the or- 
ganization that was destroying their property they 
could rely upon at least a hundred good and will- 
ing men who belonged to the Regulators here. The 
White Rock company served notice on the sus- 
pected horse thieves to at once leave the state. 
This they refused to do. About this time the 
bandits, who had been brought to trial in Ogle 

county and bad been confined in the jail at Ore- 
gon and tried in the new courthouse thought they 
would teach the law and order party a lesson and 
burned the courthouse to the ground. The citi- 
zens immediately appeared and the jail was saved 
and the prisoners did not get away. The trial of 
the suspected parties was proceeded with and the 
evidence was found to he complete and conclusive 
but as usual one of their confederates bad secured 
a place upon the jury. He would consent to no 
verilh t of guilt. Then a novel method of securing 
a verdict was adopted. The eleven honest jurors 
seized the refractory twelfth and threatened to 
lynch him in tin- jury room unless he gave his con- 
sent to a verdict of guilt. The rascal gave up bis 
opposition, the verdict of guilty was received and 
the three criminals were sentenced to imprison- 
ment for a. year. Willi the assistance of the gang 
i hev ':ill. : however, got out of jail and escaped 
shorth atleAyard. From all evidence gathered 
from the Mulfprds they were quite certain that one 
of the party convicted of arson was an accomplice 
of the Brffdies'to secure the seven hundred dollars 
in gold from the Mulfords shortly after the burn- 
ing of the courthouse. One of the members of the 
banditti was severely flogged by orders of Captain 
Campbell so that the wrath of the element soon 
broke upon his head. A meeting of the banditti 
was called in what is now South Grove township 
and it was there resolved to put Captain Campbell 
out of the way. In the summer of 1841 Captain 
Campbell bad been in Rockford to attend religious 
services and had remained over night. He re- 
turned to his Ik ■ in White Rock about noon 

Sunday. During the afternoon he attended 
church at a schoolhouse a mile west of his resi- 
dence, from which service he returned about five 
o'clock. After supper Annas Lucas called on Mr. 
Campbell, remained about an hour and then start- 
ed for home. Mr. Campbell was lying down on a 
lounge to rest when he rose and started for the 
barn which stood across the lane from the house. 
In the lane a little south of the crossing between 
the barn and the house there was a copse or bunch 
of hazel brush which was in full leaf, thick enough 
to hide his murderers. His assassin rose up from 
behind the bunch of hazel brush and said: "We 
want to go to the burned mill," meaning the 
"Long's" mill, "hut we have lost our way." Mr. 
Campbell turned toward bis inquisitor and said, 



"What did you say?" at which time David Dris- 
coll raised his rifle and aimed at the object of his 
wrath and sworn vengeance, shot Campbell in the 
body near the heart. After he was shot Campbell 
re-entered the gate, proceeded fourteen feet, 
blinded by approaching death occasioned by the 
shot, and fell a lifeless corpse. The bandits had kept 
their word. After the shooting the murderers 
turned and started in a southeasterly direction, 
leaving the house a little to their left. As Camp- 
bell fell, his wife ran to him, and as she reached 
his lifeless remains she called after the assassins 
and said: "Driscoll, you have murdered John 
Campbell." A- Mr-. Campbell uttered this ex- 
clamation Hugh Brodie made a temporary halt 
and pointed his nil'' toward her. but lowered it 
at the suggestion of David Driscoll without tir- 
ing and the two resumed their retreat from the 
scene of blood. In the meantime Martin Camp- 
bell, aged about thirteen years, ran around the 
house, seized a double barreled shotgun and aimed 
at the fleeing murderers, pulled the trigger and 
both caps snapped. The gun was doubly charged 
with buckshot, inn having been loaded for some 
time and exposed to damp ami wet. tailed to go 
off, and thus the murderers goi away. Annas 

Lucas, who was aboul hundred rods from the 

house at the time of lie- firing, hearing the report 
of the gun and suspecting trouble, returned and 
on his way met three men. whom he recog- 
nized as Taylor and David Driscoll and Hugh 
Brodie. The three men held a hurried conversa- 
tion and Lucas for a time feared that trouble was 
in store for him. but it is now surmised that they 
thought they had made trouble enough and would 
stop their murderous work by killing simply the 
captain of the band of Regulators. Mr. Lucas as- 
sisted Mrs. Campbell in caring for her dead hus- 
band, and, being a carpenter, made a casket, in 
which he was buried two days later. June 29. 1841, 
after the assassinal ion. 

News of the murder spread rapidly and the Reg- 
ulators were roused to fever heat. Upon the 
burial of Mr. Campbell the Regulators met and 
were on the lookout for the perpetrators of the 
crime. The air was full of threats of vengeance 
against them, and nothing but the lives of the 
murderous element could pay the penalty. The 
people from Sycamore, Oregon and Rockford hur- 
ried to the scene, and it has been stated that Rock- 

ford and Sycamore were more like deserted vil- 
lages than hustling little towns, which they were 
at that time. A little after sunrise on Monday 
morning after the murder, John Driscoll, father 
of David ami Taylor Driscoll. was arrested in Ogle 
county by the sheriff, at the home of his son Da- 
vid near Lynnville, and during the day he was 
taken to the jail at Oregon. David had made 
good his escape. The band of Regulators next ap- 
peared at the home of William Driscoll in South 
Grove and arrested him and his younger brother, 
Pierce, and took them to Campbell's home in 
White Rock. When William Driscoll was cap- 
tured at his home in South Grove the Regulator 
burned tin- home, and Mrs. Driscoll, who was 
afterwards known as Aunt Peggy, she being com- 
pelled to live in one of the outbuildings, and suf- 
fered greatly in consequence of this rash act. No 
excuse i an be offered for thus depriving this inno- 
eeiii woman and her children of a home. The 
Regulators went to Oregon, and against the pro- 
testations of the sheriff and the admonitions and 
warnings of Judge Ford, took John Driscoll from 
jail and hurried him across the river and started 
toward Washington Grove. It has been stated that 
at a meeting of the bandits in South Grove it was 
decided to kill Phineas Chaney and Captain 
Campbell, and it is true that the party of bandits 
visited the home of Chaney the night before the 
murder of Campbell, but were frightened away by 
the dorrs and Chaney was now ready to meet his 
premeditated murderers. At Daysville a tem- 
porary halt was made and there Obed Lindsay and 
Phineas Chaney interrogated the old man. He ad- 
mitted that he had led rather a dark career in 
Ohio, but had been guilty of no crime since coming 
to Illinois. The night of the murder John Dris- 
coll remained all night at the home of Benjamin 
Worden and said that he wished to be away that 
night, and from this fact it was supposed he had 
guilty knowledge of the premeditated murder of 
Campbell and Chaney. The horse ridden by John 
Driscoll from Wordems to the home of bis son 
David near Lvnnville had a broken shoe. The 
tracks which it left in the mud made him easily 
traceable to that point. The Regulators, with 
William and Pierce Driscoll, soon arrived at Wash- 
ington's Grove. About five hundred men were 
present. John Driscoll has been described to us 
,i- a man of considerable height, over six feet. 



slightly inclined to corpulency, and weighed about 
two hundred pounds. He was all muscle and 
sinew and in every way the most powerfully built 
man in all that crowd of a half thousand men. 
His face was repulsive, this being occasioned by a 
part of his nose having been bitten off some years 
before. His hair was heavy and shaggy and his 
face smooth from recent shaving. He was cool 
and self-possessed in the face of his executioners. 
He was not an ignorant man nor did he avoid 
generosity and charity. There were many kind 
acts placed to his credit in the neighborhood 
where he lived. In one instance he and his sons 
finished plowing and planting corn for the wife 
ami mother whose husband had died in the midst 
of planting season. Those who knew him say that 
he might have been an influential and useful citi- 
zen in any community, but he chose otherwise, 
and in the eyes of the people became an outlaw 
and renegade and met premature death. 

William Driscoll, the other victim of the Regu- 
lators, was one of the first settlers in what is now 
South Grove township, and for years the grove was 
called. DriscolFs Grove, until after the organization 
of the township, when it was called South Grove 
because it was south of the large woods of Frank- 
lin and Kingston townships. At the time of his 
death he was about forty-five years of age. rather 
above the average height of man, of heavy build 
and very muscular and probably weighed about one 
hundred and eighty pounds. His features were firm 
and presented a peculiarly heavy appearance. He 
was of that type of man that could face any ordi- 
nary danger without the least fear, but in the 
presence of these five hundred resolute men, de- 
termined to hold him to an account for the crime 
of which he was not guilty, and the memory of 
wife and little children left behind, he was awed 
into the most terrible fear, and every lineal of his 
face showed evidence of torture. As soon as the 
Regulators gathered at Washington Grove a law- 
yer named E. S. Leland, since a prominent judge 
and resident of Ottawa, was selected to conduct 
the trial. The Regulators were ordered to form 
in a circle around a large black oak tree. One 
hundred and twenty of them thus formed, when 
Mr. Leland suggested that if there were anv men 
that were in that circle that were objectionable on 
any account that challengers be selected to point 
them out and have them removed. Hnder this 

ruling the number was reduced to one hundred 
and eleven men. Chairs were placed within the 
circle and occupied by the prisoners, justices of 
the peace, etc. The witnesses were sworn by one 
of the justices present and the prisoners arraigned 
for trial. William Driscoll was arraigned first 
and asked by Leland if lie had ever instructed his 
brother David to go to Captain Campbell's at 
twilight in the evening, pretend to be lost, then 
shoot him down as they did in Iowa on a certain 
occasion, and saying "d — n them" (meaning the 
Regulators), "they will all run as they did there." 
The accused answered in positive language that 
he did not. The trial of William Driscoll was a 
farce in every respect, and had it not been for 
some hasty language used by him shortly after the 
murder of Captain Campbell, it is doubtful if he 
had ever been arrested. The old man Driscoll 
was next arraigned and questioned. The broken 
horse shoe track mentioned previously was charged 
against him, and though he could not explain how 
the horse got from the home of Benjamin Worden 
to that of his son David near Lynnville, it must 
be said to the credit of John Driscoll that no evi- 
dence in the crime of which these men were 
charged was substantiated. It was supposed that 
he had guilty knowledge of the tragedy and that 
he had gone to the home of Mr. Worden so that 
he might easily prove an alibi. The men who 
were in that circle of one hundred and eleven 
men were mainly from Ogle county and many were 
unacquainted with the Driscolls. After the trial 
had lasted about an hour Leland put the question, 
•'What say you, gentlemen; guilty or not guilty?" 
Guilty was the unanimous response of the one 
hundred and eleven men composing the jury be- 
fore whom John and David Driscoll had been 
tried, and they were sentenced to be hanged. No 
evidence could be found against Pierce Driscoll 
and he was released. When the sentence was an- 
nounced the condemned men begged that it might 
be changed, and that they might be shot instead 
of being hanged like dogs. A motion for change 
of sentence was submitted to the men who pro- 
nounced them guilty and the request of the 
Driscolls was granted with but few dissenting 
voices. It has been stated by men who were pres- 
ent and with whom we have conversed on the sub J 
ject that a little distillery was not far from the 
scene of the trial and that a barrel of whisky was 



brought mit for the men, and that under its in- 
fluence to a large extent the hasty verdict was 
brought about, and in that whisky drinking age it 
is mil improbable that the firewater added largely 
tn the flame of prejudice that turned against the 
Driscolls. At this point of the proceedings the 
old man Driscoll was taken aside by Jacob Marsh 
oi Ogle county for consultation and confession. 
At the end of the conversation Marsh announced 
that Driscoll had no confession to make, and he 
1 that the crowd be not too hasty in the 
premises and that time he allowed the men to 
prepare for death. A respite of one hour was 
granted for that purpose, which was prolonged for 
fully two hours. Two ministers were present and 
prayed with tin' convicted nun. to one of whom 
it is said William Driscoll showed signs of peni- 
tence, but In- never made any confession of the 
crime, and so far as is known died an innocent 
man. At the expiration of the linn granted the 
Regulators from Sycamore who were well ac- 
quainted with William Driscoll began to clamor 
for full remission of the penalty. While some 
others favored the plan to remand them to the cus- 
tody of the officers ami thus end the responsibility 
they had taken upon themselves. In tin- midst 
oi thesi clamors ami suggestions one of the Reg- 
ulators from Winnebago county made an address. 
saying that nothing but blood would palliate the 
es thai had linn committed, and that as long 
as the outlaws were permitted to remain upon 
earth the community would not he free from their 
depredations and crimes. He also stated that the 
I >i iscolls, if not the centers and instigators of tlm 
untold robberies and murders that had been com- 
mitted in the country, were at leas! accomplices 
and shared in the plunder. He maintained that 
the people were justified in taking the course 
they had and that their safety demanded n : that 
the murder of Campbell must lie avenged and that 
those who planned the foul deed must suffer in 
their stead, and urged the immediate execution of 
John Driscoll and his son William. As the ma- 
jority of the Eegulators were unacquainted with 
the men convicted of the crime, and the weak- 
kneed were overpowered, and finally threats were 
made to any who dared to express their belief that 
the Driscolls were not guilty and should not be 
executed. The party of one hundred and eleven 
men were divided into two companies. One was 

detailed I" the execution of the old man and the- 
other to the execution of William. The old man 
was led forth first, his eyes were bandaged and he 
was made to kneel upon the earth. Without any 
fear, perfectly calm and cool, he met his fate, and 
at the signal to tire, fell to the earth riddled and 
shattered to pieces with the charges of fifty-six 
rifles. William's late came next. In the last 
hour fear overcame him and the recollection of 
his wile and family of small children no doubt 
made iiini tear the fati that he was about to meet.. 
but the discharge of the other fifty-five rifles soon 
put an end to hi- existence. Spades ami >lm\els 
were procured, a rude grave was dug on the spot 
where they were killed, and. unwashed ami un- 
coffined, ghastly and gory, their bodies wen mil,., I 
into on,- gTavi together and covered oyer. It has 
been stated that six weeks later their bodies were- 
takeii up by their friends and given a decent 
burial. As to this we cannot say, but there is one 
person who stated that In-, with one of the rela- 
-. two days after tin- execution removed the- 

of William Driscoll to his farm in Smith 
Grove and buried il there. It has been stated by 
people who lived near Washington Grove that the 
bodies were afterward taken to the cemetery at 
Payne's Point, but this question will perhaps m vei 
be settled. David Driscoll and Bridge made their 
escape, and when the Regulators went to the house- 
of Taylor Driscoll he was hidden in an excavation 
underneath it. When the Regulators had gone he 
left his home and went south to the Illinois river 
in Mar-hall county, and it is said thai he took 
refuge with a man named Redden. The officers 
i,\ some means go! on his track and chased him to 
his hiding plan- and found him concealed in Red- 
den'- house, where he was arrested and brought 
hack, lie was taken before William J. Mix, jus- 
tice of the peace, for examination as being an ac- 
cessory to the crime, but for want of sufficient evi- 

was discharged. Taylor Driscoll was again 
arrested some years later and brought to Ogle 
county, where he was indicted for the murder of 
John Campbell. A change of venue was granted 
and the case sent to McHenry county. On the 
first trial the jury disagreed and a new one was 
granted. In the second trial the counsel for the 
defendant, Mr. Barry, found upon cross-exam- 
ination that Mrs. Campbell was sure that Taylor 
Driscoll was the man who had shot her husband.. 



It happened, however, that she was mistaken in 
this. It was proved beyond question that she 
could not identify Pierce Driseoll, whom she had 
seen a few weeks before, and the jury decided that 
if she could not recognize Pierce Driseoll after 
she had seen him but a few weeks previous, she 
might possibly be mistaken in the identification of 
Taylor Driseoll, whom she claimed she had not 
seen since the death of her husband, and the jury 
gave him a verdict of acquittal. From all that we 
can learn, however, from such men as Annas Lu- 
cas, Martin Campbell, son of John Campbell, who 
was present and could have identified David Dris- 
eoll had he been at the trial, it is quite evident 
that David Driseoll and Hugh Brodie were the 
men detailed to kill Campbell, and that it was a 
shot from the rifle of David Driseoll that sent 
Campbell to his fate. David Driseoll left the 
state and was never seen here afterwards. It has 
been stated that he went to California and there 
lived until a few years ago. A short time after 
the execution of Driseoll, the Kockford Star, ed- 
ited by Mr. P. Knappen, under date of July 1, 
1841, said : "A short time since we received 
through the postoffice a copy of the proceedings of 
the Ogle county lynchers up to the latest date, 
embracing the following resolutions : "Eesolved, 
that the proceedings of the Volunteer Company be 
published in the Eockford newspapers once a 
month. Now be it known to all the world that we 
have solemnly resolved that the proceedings of 
Ogle county or any county volunteer lynch com- 
pany cannot be justified or encouraged in our col- 
umns. The view we take of the subject does not 
permit us to approve the measures and conduct of 
the said company. If two or three hundred citi- 
zens are to assume the lynch law in the face and 
eves (if the laws of the land, we shall soon have a 
fearful state of things, and where, we ask, will it 
end if mob law is to supercede the civil law? If 
it is tolerated, no man's life or property is 
safe. His neighbor, who may be more popular 
than himself, will possess an easy and ready way 
to be avenged by misrepresentation and false ac- 
cusation. In short, of what avail are legislative 
bodies and their enactments? We live in a land 
of laws, and to them it becomes us to resort and 
submit for the punishment and redress as faithful 
keepers of the law, and thus extend to each other 
the protection and advantages of the law. Would 

not this course be much more satisfactory and 
agreeable in a Christianized country than to re- 
sort to mob law and repulse every attempt to de- 
prive a fellow citizen of the precious privilege 
granted in every civilized country — namely, the 
right to lie tried by an impartial jury of twelve 
good men of his county ? but perhaps, it will be ar- 
gued by some, that we have in this new country 
no means or proper places for securing offenders 
and breakers of the law. To it we answer, then 
build them. The time already spent by three or 
four hundred men in this, De Kalb and Ogle 
counties, at three or four different times and from 
two to four days at a time this season would have 
built jails so strong that no man or dozen men on 
earth, deprived of implements with which to work 
and confined in them, can ever escape, and guard 
them sufficiently strong by armed men outside to 
prevent assistance from rescuing them from the 
arm of the law. We wash our hands clear from 
the blood of Lynch law." 

In the same number of the Star from which the 
above is quoted there appeared two communica- 
tions — one, signed Vox Populi, taking a strong 
ground against the action of the Eegulators and 
pronouncing them a banditti. This writer says: 
"Banditti like, after organization, these fiends in 
human shape commenced to traverse the country 
for plunder, not perhaps of valuable goods, but the 
liberty and lives of their fellow citizens. Every 
one who happened to fall under suspicion of one 
or more of this gang was at once brought before 
their self-constituted tribunal, where there was no 
difficulty in procuring testimony for convicting 
him of any crime named, when he was sentenced 
and men appointed to inflict the adjudged pun- 
ishment which in the embryo existence of the 
'clan,' from twenty to three hundred lashes were 
laid on." The article further states: "No man 
pretends that John and William Driseoll had com- 
mitted murder, nor can they say they merited the 
punishment they received. Even had they been 
found guilty by an impartial jury of their coun- 
trymen of the crime alleged by the mob. Nor 
had unimpeachable testimony been brought to 
prove them guilty of that for which circumstan- 
tial evidence was horribly distorted to convict 
them, the punishment would have been but three 
to five years in the penitentiary. Has it come to 
this, that in a land of civilization and Christian- 



ity. blessed with as wholesome a code of laws as 
man's ingenuity ever invented, that a few desper- 
adoes shall rise up and inflict all manner of pun- 
ishment, even death, upon whomsoever they please? 
Shall our civic law be sacrificed and trampled in 
the ilust at the shrine of mobocracy? Shall the 
life and property of no one receive protection from 
the civil law. but both be subject to the nod of an 
inconsiderate and uncontrollable mob ?" The Star 
editorial already quoted and the communication of 
Vox Populi only maddened the Regulators the 
more, and a few evenings after this article was 
issued the office was entered by unknown parties 
and the type in forms and cases pied — that is, 
turned out on the floor promiscuously — and the en- 
tire office reduced to a pile of ruins. Knappen's 
hopes were blasted and he shortly afterward sold 
the wreck to John A. Brown, and the publication 
of the paper called the Piloi was commenced. 

The crime committed at the home of William 
Mulford, heretofore mentioned, is now supposed 
to have been perpetrated by a man named 
Oliver and one of bis accomplices. Irving 
A. Stearns, who was found in Michigan in the 
penitentiary, was released, brought home and 
turned state"s evidence, and Oliver was sent to 
the penitentiary for live years. He afterward re- 
joined his wife and family in New York. \\ e 
learn from a party who lived in New York that 
after Oliver returned to his old home he came west, 
and it is supposed brought home with him an im- 
mense amount of gold. There are parties who 
believe that this gold was taken from DriscoU's 
Grove, now South Grove, and after the execution 
of the men a party traveling through the woods 
found the place there where the ground had been 
freshly dug and marks on four trees indicating 
that the spot had been marked for some purpose. 
Oliver lived a rather peculiar life, but was never 
guilty of any crime so far as is known, and at his 
own request he was buried in his every day clothes, 
a hat on his head and pipe in his mouth. He was 
known all over that section of the country for his 
many peculiarities. A family of Aikens was sup- 
posed to belong to the bandits, and one of the sons, 
with Burch and Fox. were afterwards appiehended, 
tried and convicted of horse stealing and sentenced 
to death in Warren county. It is said that Aiken 
went west, located far up the Missouri river and 
settled down to industrial pursuits, and to all ap- 

pearances led an honest life. Fox and Burch 
were in some respects the most cunning and vicious 
criminals that ever lived in the Mississippi val- 
ley. They were guilty of the murder of Colonel 
Davenport, were arrested and both escaped, and 
it was never known what became of them. So 
much has been written on the trial of the Dris- 
colls and so many statements have been given that 
seem to be contradictory, that we have with great 
pains ferreted out as carefully as any one can the 

In the September term of court in Ogle county 
of 1841 an indictment was found against the one 
hundred and eleven men who composed the jury 
and were the executioners of John and William 
Driscoll. The case was entitled the People versus 
Jonathan W. Jenkins. Seth H. King. George D. 
Johnson. Commodore P. Bridge, Moses Nettleton, 
James (lark. Lyman Morgan, William Keys. Wil- 
son Daily, John H. Stevenson, Zebulon Bur- 
roughs. Andrew II. Hart. John V. Gale, George W. 
Phelps. Benjamin T. Phelps, John Phelps, James 
C. Phelps, William Wooley, William Knight, Me~ 
ses T. Crowell, Jacob B. Crist. Edwin S. Leland, 
John S. Lord. Caleb Williamson. Caleb S. Mar- 
shall. Philip Spraker. Richard Chaney, Simeon S. 
Crowell, James W. Johnson, Alanson Morgan. Au- 
gustus Austin, John Austin. Thomas Stinson, 
Charles Fletcher, Aaron Payne. Spowk Welling- 
ton. Jeremiah Payne, James Scott. Mason Taylor, 
Harvey Jewett, John Oyster, Phineas Chaney, 
Richard Hayes, Obed Lindsay, Amos Rice. Erastus 
Rice. Sumner Brown, Jr., James D. Sanford, Ja- 
cob Wickizer. George Young, Thomas 0. Young, 
Osburn Chaney. Rolf Chaney, Annas Lucas. Peter 
Smith, Henry Hill, David D. Edington, Andrew 
Keith, John B. Long. Orrin B. Smith. David 
Shumway. Horace Miller, John F. Smith. Charles 
Latimer. Jason Mai-h. Perley S. Shumway, Al- 
fred M. Jarboe, Francis Emerson. Thomas Emer- 
son, Abel Smith. Eliphalet Allen. James Baker, 
Jarvis C. Baker. Joseph Jewell. Jefferson Jewell, 
Charles Abbott. Sidney M. Layton. M. Perry Kerr. 
James Harphan, John Coffman, Anthony Pitzer, 
Jonas Scoffstalt, Jacob M. Myers, Samuel Mitch- 
ell. John Harmon. John Cooley, William Dewey. 
William Wallace. Robert Davis. James Stewart, 
David Wagner. Aaron Billig. Joseph M. Reynolds. 
John Kerr. James Hatch, Albanon W. Rinker, 
David Potter, Martin Rhodeamon. Ralsamon 



Thomas, Benjamin Worden, John McAlister, John 
Beedle, Ephraham Vaughn, Justus Merrifield, 
Elias Vaughn, John Adams, Israel Eobertson, and 
George \V. Kinney, indictment, for murder. The 
case was called for trial at the same term of court, 
Judge Ford presiding, at which the indieiraent was 
found. Seth B. Farwell appeared for the people 
and Messrs. Peters, Dodge, Champion and Caton, 
afterward a prominent judge, for the defendants. 
The jury before which they were tried was com- 
posed of S. S. Beatty, S. M. Hitt, James C. Hagan, 
Elias Baker, William Carpenter, John Shoffstalt, 
James B. McCoy, George Swingley, Eichard Mc- 
Lean, William Eenner, Justin Hitchcock and Hiram 
Weldon; S. M. Hitt, foreman. When arraigned 
for trial the defendants pleaded not guilijr and 
the trial proceeded. Most of the time occupied in 
the disposition of the ease was consumed in call- 
ing Uie names of the defendants. Several wit- 
nesses were called on the part of the prosecution, 
but no direct evidence was adduced, and after a 
brief address by Prosecutor Farwell for the people 
and Caton for the defendants, the case went to 
the jury, and without leaving their seats the jury 
returned the verdict not guilty. The effect pro- 
duced by this execution upon the lawless element 
was salutary, for they began to realize that the 
Regulators were in earnest and if the courts would 
not do justice they would take justice into their 
own hands. Looking at it from this distant point 
of view, after the most rigid examination of all 
evidence, and after interviews witli persons inter- 
ested, one can readily see the mistakes made by 
both parties. The Regulators were too hasty in 
inflicting punishment before positive proof was 
obtained, and, as there were many of them, some 
of them perhaps were decidedly arrogant. No 
apology, however, can be made for the banditti, 
who rapidly disappeared from this section of the 
state shortly after the execution at Washington 
Grove. It has often been asked who was the real 
murderer of Captain Campbell. As has been 
stated, Taylor Driscoll was put on trial and cleared 
by the jury of McHenry county citizens, but no 
doubt David Driscoll was guilty of the crime com- 
mitted. One reason, perhaps, for connecting the 
Driscolls with the banditti was the fact that Dris- 
coll married one of the Brodies, and that they 
were frequently visiting back and forth, but so far 
as is known William and John Driscoll were inno- 

cent men, and every one who has taken pains to 
investigate the questions knows this to be a fact. 
The death of Martin Campbell, the thirteen year 
old son of John Campbell, who stood by his father 
when he fell at the hands of the assassin, occurred 
last year. The facts connected with this circum- 
stance were fully recounted and substantiates the 
facts as we present them. 

The winter of 1841-2 was known among the old 
settlers as one of great severity. The first snow 
fell on the 8th of November and remained on the 
ground until April 14. With the exception of the 
usual January thaw the sleighing was excellent. 
The thermometer fell to about forty degrees be- 
low zero on one or two occasions. For a winter of 
such severity sufficient provision had not been 
made and forage for the stock became very scarce 
and hundreds of horses, hogs and cattle died o! 
starvation. At this time it will be remembered 
that most of the young stock was allowed to run 
out during the winter and they secured their liv- 
ing on dried prairie grass and around stacks of 
straw. Hay this year sold at twenty dollars per 
ton and money was exceeedingly scarce. As has 
been mentioned previously in the article on gam^, 
in the early days when snow was deep deer were 
easily entrapped and could be slaughtered with 
axes and clubs. After the January thaw a crust 
froze over the snow, which would support a man 
or a dog, but the sharp hoof of the deer would 
break through and they could make little progress 
when pursued by dog, man or wolf. They came 
in large numbers to the barnyards and would feed 
with the stock or gnaw the barks of trees. It :s 
said that five hundred deer were killed in the 
northern part of this county during that winter. 
While this was a severe lesson and the most of 
the people subsequent to 1841-2 built better houses 
and were generally quite prosperous, so that there- 
after in the county's history no great suffering has 
been occasioned by extreme cold. The year 1842 
opened bright and prosperous and crops were sown 
in good season and produced abundantly at har- 
vest time. For the first time in the history of 
Illinois the steel scouring plow came into use and 
proved one of the most important implements ever 
invented for the prairie farmer. Previous to this 



time the ground had been "buggered over"' with 
an old east iron plow or some strange contrivance 
which served as plow share. These tools could 
not be scoured, but must be cleaned every few 
rods, so that they were quite ineffective for the 
vork required of them. Nothing but the fertility 
of the soil on the prairie enabled the settlers to 
and crops with such culture. The prairie 
began to be taken up quite rapidly and with the 
exception of four townships mure than half of the 
prairie ana was occupied by claimants. "During 
this year E. L. Mayo was certified to be a man of 
!_ r '»nl moral character and was admitted to the bar. 
He has s 'fen a leading lawyer, lias held many 

public offices and was a man who contributed 
largely to the welfare of Sycamore." Under 
of .March 11. 1>4"2. i- the following official record: 
'"This day. in pursuance of an act entitled an art 
permanently to locate the seat of justice of the 
count; "t I'e Kalb. approved January 30. lS4o. 
the commissioners of said county has - I 1 on2 
hundred and sixty acre- of land for county pur- 
-. bounded as follows, to wit: From a point 
which bears X. 54% degrees W. in R. 21 link- 
from the S. W. corner of M. YValrod's dwelling 
house and S. "" degrees east 4 P.. 22 links from 
S. E. corner of Carlos Lattin's house, running 
thenci K". 9 degrees E. 80 I,', thence S. 81 deg 
E. 160 R. thence S. 9 degrees W. 160 R. thence 
V 81 degrees W. 160 R. thence X. 9 deg 
E. v " R. to the place of beginning, contain- 
ing 160 acres. J. S. Waterman, Surveyor." 

Lysander Darling as treasurer of I>e Kalb coun- 
ty presented the following account which is inter- 
esting as showing the amount of taxes then col- 
lected : 

Amount of taxes of 1839 $24 • 

Amount of taxes of 1840 - 

Amount of taxes of 1*41 328 

Fines delivered by clerk 53.16 

Docket fees delivered by clerk 61.50 

Ti illustrate clearly how poor the people of 
this county were at that time and how difficult it 
was to raise taxes and how little money was then 
in the country we will append below the list of 
property in district No. 2, including the present 
townships of Cortland. Sycamore. De Kalb. May- 
field and parts of Genoa and Kingston and as- 
sessed by Evans Wharry in 1839: 


g r- 

Phineas Joslvn $30 $120 $25 $63 

Daniel Churchill 150 ... 12 

David Churchill T:i 100 15 

Harry Joslvn 40 . . 12 

Arsa Parker 100 

Henry H. Gandy 15 120 25 7" 

George W. Gandy. . . 21 90 25 19 

Elias Hartman 20 50 . . 39 $60 

Peter Young 45 50 34 

Asace Champlin 190 100 15 59 

Eli W. Brooks 40 

Powel Crossett 27 

Widow Crossett lyo 100 10 16 

Anion Booth 40 9 

Austin Hayden 2S3 ... 20 33 

Zeanos Churchill ... 20 

Ca-tle Churchill .... 15 

Isaac Gandy 15 so S 17 

Marcems Hall 77 18 

Samuel Spring 125 60 5 52 

John Waterman 110 120 20 62 500 

Ezra A. Hanson 300 ... 25 21 

Davis Wood 20 100 5 31 

James Lovel 86 ... 7 35 20 

John Elliott 23 100 . . 55 

Mathew H. Pery 136 

Winslow Nbrcutte . . 2s 100 . . 118 

Ah in Dayton 12 80 .. 65 

Ralph Wyman 50 30 5 57 

Silvanus Hocum ... 15 100 15 40 

Hiram Buell 15 

Peter W. Walrod 71 63 

Pheneas P. Stevens.. 200 ... 15 112 

George Harrison ... 50 60 

William Townsend .. 100 

Lyman Barber 60 

Rufus Colton 15 ... S 72 

James Cartwright 30 

Jacob Jenks 13 80 . . 62 

Harry B. Barber 41 61 35 

Clark L. Barber 80 . . 30 

Rustle Huntly 188 100 .. 151 

Win. X. Fairbanks... 150 

Solomon Holister ... 75 37 

James Paistley Ill 75 5 

Jacob Cox 115 33 

Frederick Love 100 2S0 . . 25 

James Williams .... 50 is 

Erastus Hamlin .... 50 ... 6 6 

Samuel Thompson .75 ... 5 27 

Eli Barnes 11- 50 5 33 

Ora A. Walker 60 ... 5 12 

John Maxfield 240 170 20 132 

Erasmus C. Walrod 10 

ph Sixbury 100 .. 40 

Livington C. Walrod . . . 120 . . 25 

Neal Swaney 145 120 

Morris Walrod 70 120 5 51 

Robert Mitchell 75 150 . . 77 

Henry Madden 10 ... 20 9 

James A. MacCullom 70 100 15 71 

Isaac MacCullom . . 135 ... 10 65 

Reuben Xichols .... 55 50 . . 10 30 

John Xichols 5 . . 40 

Charles Townsend 90 . . 50 

Marshall Stark 131 113 9 

Harvey Maxfield ... 110 ... 15 S4 





Daniel B. Lamb 15 80 4 40 139 

Lewis Love 25 50 75 

William Bassett 50 . . 25 ... 75 

George F. Wilson... 15 ... 5 30 

John J.& C. Waterman *150 

Eli G. Newell 15 40 15 ... 70 

Clark Wright 110 ... 5 84 ... 199 

John R. Hamlin 50 50 

Robert Graham 45 80 . . 90 ... 215 

John Fryer 15 195 . . 69 ... 279 

I. & James Robert 100 20 48 168 

* One store. 

I, Evans Wharry, do certify the within assess- 
ment and valuation to be a true copy and correct 
to the best of my abilities. Evans Wharry. 

Sycamore, Dec. 5, 1839. 

The number of property owners who served on 
juries and had bills against the county paid their 
taxes with county orders. This was about the time 
of the failure of the State Bank, which occurred 
m February, 1848, and had spread devastation 
and ruin. Governor Ford, when entering upon 
his duties as executive of the state, found it im- 
possible to pay the interest of the state debt In 
currency. People of the eastern states and foreign 
countries who had bought some of the bonds taunt- 
ed this state as a repudiator and indeed there was 
a large part of the population in favor of repudi- 
ating the state debt. It is said that when IllinoLj- 
ians were traveling in the eastern states they 
were ashamed to acknowledge the state from which 
they came. 

•'Mr. John E. Hamlin, who held the offices oi 
clerk of the county commissioners court, recorder 
and postmaster and out of the whole of them 
managed to make only about enough to pay his 
board— cheap as boarding was— at the June term 
of the county commissioners court of this year, 
was granted the privilege of advancing twelve dol- 
lars to purchase a book for records, with the prom- 
ise that it should be paid out of the first money 
Teceived into the treasury. Mr. Hamlin, always 
a gentleman of genial, kindly temper, a universal 
favorite, subsequently became a wealthy merchant 
of Chicago, and still later removed again to this 
county, where he became an extensive landowner, 
but it is reported that about this time he was ac- 
customed to travel through the county to collect 
deeds for record and urge upon those who had 
deeds the necessity of having them placed upon 
record, and it is said that for convenience and 
economy he often went barefooted. But current 
rumors are not alwavs true. Certain that all of 

these offices at that time were not enough to give 
one man a living. A dozen years later the record- 
er's office alone constantly employed four or five 
men and was reported to be worth eight thousand 
dollars a year to the fortunate holder. Such facts, 
better than any array of figures, give an idea of 
the remarkable growth and increase in the popula- 
tion and business of the county. The elections at 
this period in the history of the county were gener- 
ally held at the residence of some citizen centrally 
located in the precinct and right glad was he after 
a year or two of experience of the annoyance and 
trouble of such gatherings to procure the removal 
of the place of election to some other location. The 
place of election in Orange precinct was at this 
term changed from the residence of W. A. Fair- 
banks to Calvin Colton's spacious and comfortable 
hotel, and in Franklin precinct it was changed 
from the mill of Henry Hicks to the residence of 
Theophilus Watkins. Martin M. Mack was re- 
elected county commissioner at the August election 
of this year, and D. W. Lamb was made county 
surveyor, an office which he held with occasional 
intervals during the next twenty-two years. 

"The chief matters of record of the county com- 
missioners court still continued to be the location 
of the new roads, but about this time their breadth, 
which had hitherto been only fifty feet, was en- 
larged to sixty-six, and in some cases to eight,' 
feet. The Oregon state road was laid out one 
hundred feet in width. The circuit court this 
year held but one session and that in September. 
It was presided over by John D. Caton, one of the 
justices of the supreme court. S. B. Farwell was 
stale's attorney, J. C. Kellogg, clerk, and Morris 
Walrod, sheriff. Among the leading practitioners 
at its bar were T. Lyle Dickey, E. L. Mayo, B. F. 
Fridley, W. I). Barry, N. II. Peters, W. R. Croth- 
ers and A. J. Brown." 

The elections this year, as previously, w-ere held 
in private houses. No public buildings of any 
nature were found sufficient for this purpose. One 
change that was made that was notable was the 
place of election in Orange precinct was changed 
from the residence of W. A. Fairbanks to Calvin 
Colton's comfortable hotel, which at that time was 
one of the best buildings between Chicago and the 
Mississippi river. In this election Martin Mack 
-ivas re-elected county commissioner and Daniel 
W. Lamb was made county surveyor, an office 



which he held for nearly a quarter of a century. 
The work of Daniel Lamb will ever remain as a 
monument to his skill and accuracy. At the tim-i 
of his work as surveyor he perhaps knew every 
section of land in the county. He was a man .-f 
probity, of good sense ami was one of the most 
useful citizens of that territory. The county com- 
missioners court were still busy locating new roads 
and an inspection of their records still showed 
that about three-fourths of all their business per- 
tained to the making of roads and road districts. 
This year they widened the roads laid out from 
fifty to sixty-six feet and as a general thing the 
loads of this county to this day are of that width. 
In one or two cases, notably the road from Ot- 
tawa to the state line on the north, was eighty feet 
in width. The Oregon state road, of which State 
street is now a part, was laid out this year and 
was made one hundred feet in width and the fact 
that this street was laid out in such proportions 
caused other streets to follow their example, so 
that at the present time Sycamore has as wide 
streets as any city in Illinois. 

The session "I the circuit court was held this 
year and was presided over by Judge John D. Ca- 
ton, one of the justices of the supreme court. S. 
B. Earwell was state's attorney, dosse E. Kellogg 
circuit clerk and Morris Walrod sheriff. Among 
the leading practitioners a1 the bar were T. Lyle 
Dickey, E. L. Mayo, who came to Sycamore thi< 
year, B. F. Fridley. \\ . P. Barry. X. H. Peters 
from Kane anil La Salle counties, and the first two 
lawyers to locate in our county were AT. K. Croth- 
ers, who lived at Coltonville, and A. J. Brown, 
who came to Sycamore in 1841 and became the 
first lawyer of the county. 

In 1842 a brickyard was established on w 7 hat is 
now the Nelson farm in Sycamore and the first 
brick houses in this town were built in 184G. Th-J 
Mayo house, which stood on the present site of th° 
Congregational church, was the first brick house 
built in what is now this town. In 1842 Mrs. 
Boswell Dow, who came to Sycamore to make her 
home, speaks of it as a village of about a dozen or 
fifteen houses with three good wells. The Con- 
gregational people of this locality had a regularly 
established minister this year by the name of 
"Wells, and the mill at St. Charles was finished, 
so that people instead of going to Ottawa, a dis- 
tance of forty or fifty miles, could now get their 

wheat ground within about twenty-two miles of 
their home. This was considered at that time a 
great boon to the people of this locality. 

In 1843 the finances of this countv were still 
in a deplorable condition. The county had about 
nine hundred and seventy-two dollars in outstand- 
ing orders. The taxes to be collected would pay 
about half of them, leaving the county in debt for 
the balance. While this is a small amount now ?t 
was a troublesome load for the young county to 
carry and more complaint was made of this four 
hundred dollars than was made at a later day 
when the countv became indebted to the amount of 
two hundred thousand, and it can be said that the 
latter amount was paid with greater ease than 
the four hundred dollar indebtedness of sixty-five 
years ago. A tax of one and a half per cent was 
ordered for the ensuing year and the county clerk, 
Mr. John Waterman, was able to collect nearly 
all of i lie tax, but the most of the amount was in 
juror-' certificates and county orders. 

"•The land in the central towns of the county 
came in market during this year. This was an im- 
portant era in the affairs of the settlers. Many 
had for years previous been hoarding the monev 
that they had been able to save, in anticipation of 
this important event. From the old stockings and 
secrel recesses of their log cabins the glittering 
was drawn out and they started in a strong 
company for the land sale in Chicago. The land 
was sold oil' at auction and from each neighbor- 

1 .1 one trusty man was selected to bid off the 

property as it was offered, while the remainder 
-t ] around, armed with clubs and a most fero- 
cious aspect, ready to knock down and execute 
summary vengeance upon any speculator who 
should dare to bid for lands that had been claimed 
and occupied by any of their party. Few were 
bold enough to attempt it. One unlucky fellow, 
who committed this offense through mistake, 
thinking that he was bidding upon another piece 
of land, was seized in an instant by the crowd of 
excited squatter-sovereigns, hustled away and near- 
ly torn to pieces before he could explain the occur- 
rence and express his readiness to correct the mis- 
take. But the settlers on this occasion suffered 
more from the depredations of pick-pockets than 
from anything else. Such a crowd furnished a 
harvest field for these gentry and several of our 
citizens who had come with pockets well lined 




with gold found them emptied when they wanted 
to pay for their land and were obliged to go home 

moneyless and landless. It was a severe loss. 
5 ears of labor would be required to replace it. and 
before that time they would lose their land and 
the improvements which they had spent years in 
effecting. Simultaneously with the land sale a 
number of new claim associations were formed 
throughout the county to prevent persons who 
moved in from purchasing from the government 
lands which those then living near chose to claim 
by plowing around them. They were no doubt 
useful in preventing many from entering farms to 
which the expense of improvement and long oc- 
cupation gave the squatter an equitable title, but 
I hey were also in many cases a means of injus- 
tice. .Men banded themselves together in such or- 
ganizations in order to keep by the force of mob 
law other settlers from occupying and holding 
lands, while they themselves held tracts of enor- 
mous extent and paid for none of it." 

During the year 1843 several mills were estab- 
lished in the northern part of the county along 
the Kishwaukee, but were used only for sawing 
lumber. The threshers were used in the county 
quite generally this year and the crops on the 
whole were very good, but the thresher instead of 
being like the ones we have at present was sim- 
ply a cylinder and did not separate the grain from 
the straw. The one hundred and sixty acres upon 
which the county seat stood had been located. 
winch was to be divided into lots, now came in 
the market subject to entry. This land had been 
pre-empted but had never proved up its pre-emp- 
tion right. It had solemnly bound itself in giving 
deeds to the lots, to acquire the deed as soon as the 
land came into market, but now that this time had 
come it found itself destitute of money and utter- 
ly unable to borrow. Any speculator was at lib- 
erty to buy and take the best of titles to the town 
by paying the amount of a dollar and a quarter 
an acre for it. Pew of the settlers at this time 
had money enough to enter their own claims and 
none were willing to lend money to the county, and 
in this dilemma three of Sycamore's loyal citizens 
— Jesse C. Kellogg, Carlos Lattin and Curtis 
Smith (who was prominent years afterward in 
the county and who had land near the city) — fur- 
nished the necessary funds, entered the land in 
their own name and promised to wait for repay- 

ment until the time in which it was supposed the 
county would be able to return the money. This 
was a great relief to the finances of the county 
and to the inhabitants of Sycamore and it is a 
notable fact that the county failed to get back the 
titles of some of the parties to which lands were 
sold and finally lost a part of the land. 

About this time the county had a suit with 
Amos Harman, of whom it required to open the 
Ottawa state road, and was defeated. The dam- 
ages assessed against the county were thirty-five 
dollars and this little amount nearly bankrupted 
the treasury, and again some of the loyal citizens- 
of the county stepped forward and provided for the 

The election of justices this year brought some 
new men into prominence — George H. Hill, of 
Kingston; Isaac Cumpton, Abner Jackman,. 
James Byers, Aaron Kandall. Kimball Dow, 
George Flinn. Russell Huntley and Z. B. Mayo. 
The election of county commissioners this year 
followed at tlie usual date, when Sylvanus Hol- 
comb was elected. During the year H. M. Per- 
kins built a- fine large hotel in Genoa, which was 
afterward a famous resort for balls and parties,, 
and many notable events transpired there. Some 
of the people who now live here remember some- 
of these events. 

At this time also a new frame schoolhouse was 
built in Genoa, which at that time was the best 
one in the county. It still remains and is used as 
a part of a livery stable. After the building of 
the sawmills more frame buildings were erected 
and the homes of farmers were made more com- 
fortable. Prices of hard wood lumber at that time 
were about one-fourth what is now charged for 
pine lumber. During this year Eeuben Pritchard,. 
John R. Hamlin and B. F. Hunt were appointed 
commissioners of the state to lay out the Chicago 
and Grand-de-Tour state road. This road passes 
in the north part of De Kalb and Malta townships 
to the west line of the county, where other com- 
missioners of the county laid out the road through 
that county and so on to the river. 

During the year 1843 the first bridge was built 
across the Kishwaukee, which was considered a 
great convenience for the people living north of 
Sycamore, for during the wet seasons there were 
times when they were unable to ford the streams- 
and in eases of necessity people would drive as 



far as the river and then use a boat to the other 
side to g^l their produce and return. Some who 
are still living and reside in what is Mayfield 
township remember well how they hauled their 
grisl to the bank on the creek, ferried across and 
then had another wagon to meet them on the other 
side and take the grist to mill. 

1S44 was a season of floods in the early part of 
the summer and during the harvesl season rains 
fell almost continuously. Some men cut and 
bound their wheat when they were compelled to 
stand ankle deep in water and then carry it out on 
the high knolls to dry before stacking. When they 
took their grist to mill over almost bottomless 
niads they had to drive four yoke of oxen to draw 
the small load. Cattle and horses feeding on the 
prairies became mired and numerous calls were 
made for teams to attach long ropes and chains 
to them and draw them out. All the bridges which 
had been erected over the streams wire carried 
away by the floods. The Mississippi river was 
never known to be higher and steamboats passed 
through tin- streets of St. Louis. Kaskaskia and 
other cities along the river. In many instances 
when the water subsided the laud was covered 
with sand and mud so that it ruined the land for 
cultivation for a time. Added to this difficulty 
many of the grist mills of Illinois were swept away 
and there was great destitution of meal and flour. 

The county election this year showed the democ- 
racy a winner. Carlos Lattin was chosen county 
treasurer, Marshall Stark school commissioner, E. 
L. Mayo recorder, A. J. Brown probate justice. In 
later vears the probate justice became known as 
countv judge, but it was not necessary that the 
county judge be a regularly admitted lawyer. Mor- 
ris Wain id was collector of the county and W. 
H. Beavers was elected as clerk of the county com- 
missions - i ourt. 

In is ll tin- democracy seems to have firmly 
regained its hold upon county affairs and Polk re- 
ceived two hundred and forty-two votes, Clay. 
whig, one hundred and forty-two votes and Birney. 
f ree <,,il. one hundred and thirty-one votes. An 
analysis of this vote shows that the free soil candi- 
date received a heavy vote from Brush Point settle- 
ment, from the precinct of Wooster. now Genoa, 
and from Somonauk. Emigration in the later '30s 
and early '40s was largely from the eastern states. 
The Scotch Presbyterian people were strong anti- 

slavery people, as were the people from Brush 
Point, who came from southeastern Xew York. 
and the people of Genoa were also of Xew York 

During this time but little strife was made for 
county offices, as the salary was scarcely enough in 
some instances to buy a suit of clothes. During 
this year settlers began again to come into the 
state, and as the timber land was generally owned 
at this time by sett lei,- already here the new- 
1 1 miers were compelled to go to the prairie. Many 
felt that it was a great sacrifice to be so far away 
from the timber, but in this time has proven that 
the settlers on the prairie became the most pros- 
perous and in time their land became more val- 
uable than the timber land. 

While the year 1845 did not clear up the finan- 
cial condition in Illinois nor in De Kalb county. 
still on the whole the people were getting more 
prosperous and building more comfortable homes, 
,md there was less talk of returning to their old 
home in the eastern Mates. Nearly every settler 
who came to this county in an early day will 
speak of the homesickness of those who came from 
more comfortable homes to settle in the wilder- 
iii--. and many actually died from sheer home- 
-ii kness. 

Schools began to be quite generally established. 
A number of different schools will be treated of 
more fully in the township histories. The claim 
association that was organized in 1835 was still 
in existence, and they were sometimes unjust in 
their dealings with those seeking for land. Set- 
tlers were also deterred by the acts of the claim 
organization, who banded together and thxeatem <1 
the lives of any who should enter lands around 
winch any of their gang had plowed a furrow, 
which constituted the commonly received marks 
nf a claim. An incident is related which showed 
the spirit of the times. Two hoys, afterwards well 
known in the county, jumped the claim of a neigh- 
bor and settled down to take possession. The 
claim organization, to the number of about sixty, 
captured the boys, formed a ring around them, put 
them on trial and decided to give them a severe 
thrashing with green hickory withes, but, seeing 
that the boys were well frightened and punish- 
ment was unnecessary, some of the more generous 
hearted in the circle decided to give the bovs an 
opportunity to escape, and while engaged in con- 



versation allowed large gaps to remain in their 
lines, and the boys, seeing their opportunity, pulled 
off their boots and made for the woods, and were 
not seen for several days. It is unnecessary to 
state that they never afterwards jumped the claim 
of a neighbor. Most of the settlers here in 1845 
seemed more anxious to leave the country than to 
remain here. A letter is now in existence, which 
was written by a homesick family to their old 
home in the east, stating that if they could get 
what, little money they had in their property they 
would return to their old home and remain for- 
ever satisfied. All the money they had invested 
here was two hundred dollars. This same family 
afterward became wealthy and almost the entire 
family became prominently identified with the 
county's history. In even- new country there is 
an element that moves in, becomes restless and dis- 
satisfied and soon move out. The old settlers 
whom we now honor as our pioneers were the ones 
who came and in spite of all the disadvantages of 
a new country remained to make this county one 
of the best in Illinois. The taxes collected this 
year amounted to three hundred and seventy-five 
dollars, more than half of which was in county 
orders. Few debtors were prosecuted during these 
times, for the laws of this state seemed to favor 
the debtors and render it almost impossible to col- 
ic ( t a claim by legal process. 

Eighteen hundred and forty-five seemed to 
he the turning point in the country's finan- 
cial condition. War is generally a breeder 
of good times. During the war of 1812, the 
war with Mexico and the Civil war. prices were 
high and people received valuable remunera- 
tion for their labor. Foreign wars have also 
been productive of wealth on this side of 
the water. The prices of produce for sev- 
eral rears previous to 1845 averaged about as fol- 
lows: Thirty-five cents a bushel for spring wheat, 
fifty cents a bushel for the best winter wheat, one 
dollar lo a dollar and seventy-five cents for dressed 
pork ; cows brought an average of about ten dollars 
a head and horses were nearly as high as at pres- 
ent, as they furnished all means of communication 
and were our railroads and telegraph wires and 

In the spring of 1S46 prices advanced mater- 
ially. Wheat sold from fifty to seventy-five cents 
a bushel ; hogs brought from two and a half to 

three and a half per hundred, and all kinds of 
produce on the farm about doubled in value. In 
May, 184G, the president called upon Illinois for 
four regiments of volunteers to proceed to Mex- 
ico and support the army of General Taylor. The 
part that De Kalb county took in the Mexican 
war will be treated of in the chapter "De Kalb 
County in War." But it is safe to say that this 
war was felt very lightly in this section of the 
country, as it took but few De Kalb county boys, 
and the war from the very start was one of great 
and uniform success. At the March term of the 
county commissioners' court. Paw Paw election 
district was divided by the creation of a new pre- 
cinct called Shabbona. It comprised the territory 
"now contained in the four townships of Shabbona, 
Clinton, Milan and Afton. Elections were ordered 
to be held at the home of William Marks. In the 
fall of this year Austin Hayden, of what is now 
Cortland township; George H. Hill, now of Kings- 
ton township, and Joseph Newberry, of what is 
now Somonauk township, were elected county com- 
missioners. James Harrington, school commis- 
sioner; John A. Waterman, county treasurer; E. 
L. Mayo, probate justice; Jacob Simons and Wil- 
liam Fordham, each served as county clerk. The 
justices of the peace were about the same as elect- 
ed two years previously, with the exception of Jo- 
seph A. Bilks, Wheeler Hedges, Samuel Stevens 
and B. F. Johnson. 

The good times of 184G continued and increased 
in 184T, and the indebtedness of the county was 
reduced and conditions over the state improved 
accordingly. Banks were established and the peo- 
ple of the state were getting on a firm financial 
footing. Four years previous the state officers 
were sometimes troubled to get money to pay their 
postage, but were now receiving regular salaries, 
which were promptly paid. Postage up to this 
time had been twenty-five cents for each letter, but 
was now reduced to about fifteen cents, and it 
was felt that almost any one could now write let- 
ters. In the early part of the century postage had 
been as high as fifty cents, and many people living 
in the early '40s had paid that amount. One of 
the things that has made it difficult to secure rec- 
ords of the past has been that very few letters 
were written, but one thing is quite certain, if a 
person did receive a letter it was a cherished treas- 
ure and generally preserved, and in many of the 



homes of our county today we will find letters 
written, papers folded without envelopes and closed 
with sealing wax. and a charge of fifty cents, which 
has been marked "paid" on the back of the back of 
the paper, and every available space on the sheet 
is occupied with writing. 

The old canal from the lake to the Illinois river 
was finished and some of the people in the south 
part of the county drew their grain to Ottawa and 
Peru and put it on canal boats, shipping it gener- 
ally to Chicago, but in some instances to New Or- 
leans. Specie was still scarce and it was a diffi- 
cult matter to pay a tax of front five to ten dollars, 
and it distressed people more, those small sums. 
than to pay forty times that amount at present. 
The collector would call again and again for the 
taxes, and then in many instances the property 
would be advertised and sold for the collection of 
taxes. During these years roads were lined with 
teams and wagons loaded with grain and the tav- 
erns of that day were crowded. Prices were rea- 
sonable. Fifty cents was the regular charge for 
supper, lodging, breakfast and feed for the team. 
A few of the number remain who hauled grain 
in Chicago, and they tell us how the people of 
the neighborhood would generally start in a pro- 
cession, of the jolly times that were had along the 
mad and at the taverns, where they were com- 
pelled to remain over night. At the election of 
this year William Young was chosen county com- 
missioner. William Beavers clerk of the county 
commissioners' court. Sheldon Crossett school 
commissioner, E. L. Mayo probate justice, Wil- 
liam Fordham recorder, William Shepardson 
treasurer and E. P. Young county recorder. 

During the year 1847 the first allowances for 
the care of paupers were made, and although this 
county had so little wealth it is a notable fact 
that previous to this time no paupers in the county 
had been reported. 

The year 1S48 was one of general prosperity 
for the state. The constitution made at (.he or- 
ganization of the state in 181S had proved inef- 
ficient and a new constitutional convention was 
called. George H. Hill, of Kingston, represented 
this county in the constitutional convention. In 
the fall of that year it was submitted to the peo- 
ple and carried by a large majority. The county 
was divided into more election precincts and jus- 
tice districts. Settlers were rapidly taking up the 

land and the population of the county was in- 
creasing. The old courthouse, which had been 
built in 1839, was a shabby, two-story building, 
which stood until recently opposite the present one, 
and was the only building in the city for public 
use. The county eked out its petty finances by 
letting it for various use-, a charge of twenty-five 
cents generally being made for each evening. The 
Congregational and Universalist societies held re- 
ligious services there, it was occupied during the 
week for select school, which was taught by Bos- 
well Dow, and the Sons of Temperance held even- 
ing meetings. Although the county demanded 
better buildings and better protection for its rec- 
ords, a gnat deal of opposition was encountered 
when the subject of a new building was discussed. 
People had just escaped from an indebtedness 
which had been a great burden and were wholly 
unwilling to take upon themselves a new one. 
During this year churches were built in various 
parts of the county and religious services, which 
had previously been held in private houses, were 
generally transferred to the school houses, which 
were now being erected quite generally and were 
usually frame building.-. Schools at this time 
were very large and the districts averaged about 
three linns the size of those of the present day. 

In 1848 the Mexican war had been closed glo- 
riously and the United States had added a half 
million square miles to its territory. The people 
were proud of the veterans of the Mexican war, 
and when Zachary Taylor was entered as the whig 
candidate for the presidency against Lewis Cass,, 
the democratic candidate, and .Martin Van Buren, 
the free soil candidate, the military hero again 
triumphed, for in the history of our country the 
'•uccessful hern of a successful war is always suc- 
ei'— fill in a political contest before the American 
people. The presidential vote in this county is as 
follows: Cass, democrat, three hundred and sev- 
en ly- four ; Taylor, whig, two hundred and twenty- 
three; Van Buren. freesoil, four hundred and twen- 
ty-seven. In this election Martin Van Buren 
car-ied a majority of the precincts of the county, 
and beieafter the opponents of slavery were gen- 
erally in the majority. 

Threshers used this year were called separators, 
for they now separated the straw from the grain 
and instead of threshing one hundred bushels a 
day, as with the old thresher, which was simply a 





loll.N R. HAMUX. 


PUBLIC!. [] 




cylinder, fanners were now able to thresh five hun- 
dred bushels per day. and consequently "their fields 
of grain rapidly increased in size. Reapers came 
into general use this year and were very crude af- 
fairs. They were very heavy, drawn by four to 
six horses, or in some instances three or four teams 
of oxen, but they were able to cut about five or 
six acres per day. One man rode the machine and 
raked off the gavels rapidly enough for four men 
to hind. In the early days one hinder followed 
one cradler. so this was a vast improvement over 
previous conditions. 

"The county commissioners appointed Messrs. 
E. P. Young, Kimball Dow and Jesse C. Kellogg 
to contract for building a new courthouse. It was 
to be placed in the center of the public square, to 
be of brick, sixty feet long and forty feet wide, 
and to cost not exceeding six thousand dollars. 
lint this was to be done only upon condition that 
individual citizens should contribute fifteen hun- 
dred dollars of this amount. This they were au- 
thorized to pay in notes, two-thirds of which 
should be paid November 1, 1S49. and one-third 
November 1, 1850. And the order of the com- 
missioners further states that it is expressly agreed 
that in case the county seat shall ever be removed, 
the county shall pay hack to said individuals the 
amount of said notes with interest. It was ordered 
that the notes be registered on the court records 
and be evidence of the liability of the county for 
the repayment of this advance. 

"At the same term another order was passed au- 
thorizing the erection of a jail by the same agents 
at a cost not exceeding fifteen bundled dollars. 
Nothing seems to have been done under this or- 
der. An active canvass of all those who felt an 
especial interest in the prosperity of the village 
now rapidly growing at the seat of justice was now 
commenced and more than the necessary fifteen 
hundred was subscribed as a free gift toward the 
erection of the present handsome courthouse. The 
subscriptions of the principal donors were as fol- 
lows: Harvey G. Barns, $100 ; Amos Story. $20 : 
John Maxfielcl. $40; Thomas Wolsey, $20; Kim- 
hall Dow, $50 ; E. P. Young, $150 ; W. H. Beavers, 
$37 ; W. J. Hunt. $50 : Ellsworth Pose. $25 ; E. 
Hall, $25 ; Alonzo Brown. $20 ; O. P. White. $25 ; 
Z. B. Mayo, $50; E. L. Mayo, $50; John Chat- 
field, $20; J. S. & J. C. Waterman. $150; M. 
Stark, $50: O. M. Bryan. $30; Thomas H. Wood, 

$25; E. Wharry, $20; E. G. Jewell, $20; Darius 
Williams. $25; It. Wyman, $20; William Connell, 
$20: .1. ('. Kellogg, $25; R. Hopkins and W. P. 
Dutton, $15; Decatur Esterbroo'k, $25: A. .lack- 
man, $20; Homer Roberts, $20; Sylvanus Hol- 
eomb, $25; W. Fordham, $30; O. W. Kretsinger, 

"The agents for building were also authorized to 
sell the old courthouse anil all town lots owned 
by the county at auction, and that the proceeds 
were to be applied religiously to the payment of 
the forty-five hundred dollars of county orders is- 
sued for the erection of the new building. The 
lots were, however, appraised at prices varying 
from ten dollars to four hundred." Some of these 
warrants are still in existence and draw ten per cent 
interest, and in case the county seat should ever 
be removed the warrants held and accumulated 
would lie exceedingly valuable. 


Another type of criminality was rampant in the 
early days of our county's history, and that was 
the crime of gfaye robbing. This had been car- 
ried on -I'm- years in this section of the country 
and many were the bodies stolen from graves in 
De Kalh county by men who were called resurrec- 
tionists. In the early days no arrangements were 
made with hospitals for subjects for dissection in 
medical institutions and they were compelled to 
resort to the crime of body snatching. The Med- 
ical Institution at St. Charles, organized by Dr. 
George W. Richards, professor of theory and prac- 
tice of medicine, and formally president of the La 
Porte (Indiana) Medical School, had established 
a summer school for physicians in St. Charles. 
\\\> home was opposite the present Cniversalist 
parsonage in that city, and the institution in which 
the dissection was carried on was a stone barn, 
which has since been torn down. Students in 
those days came to college poor in purse and were 
anxious to work to pay their way through school, 
and as bodies were constantly needed by the Med- 
ical Institution they naturally sought remuner- 
ative occupation by robbing graves. Two or three 
graves of honored citizens of this county had been 
examined and discovered to be emptied of their 
precious contents. "Many who had recently lost 
friends commended the painful task of examining 



their newly made graves, while many friends only 
refrained from it lest they should find their fears 
realized and that the outrage so hopeless of re- 
dress had been consummated. The irritation and 
indignation that was caused by this feeling may 
be readily imagined." In the spring of 1849, 
three men driving a pair of horses attached to a 
sprint: wagon stopped for supper at the Lovell 
tavern, four miles east of Sycamore, on the St. 
Charles and Sycamore road. While eating their 
supper the landlord's daughter overheard some 
conversation which made her suspicious. She re- 
ported the conversation to her father, who went 
out. and found the implements used by the resur- 
rectionists secreted in the bottom of the wagon. 
Mrs. George M. Km von had been but recently 
buried, ami they surmised that it was the inten- 
tion of tin grave robbers to secure her body for 
the dissecting table, and it was also known that a 
friendless German had been buried in the south 
burying ground of Sycamore, now the present site 
of the Methodist parsonage, and it was supposed 
that they were also seeking for his body. This 
news was conveyed to Mr. Harry Joslyn, and he, 
with Mr. Lorenzo Whittemore, Kimball Dow and 
a few others, armed themselves and hid near the 
burying ground, with the hope that the resurrec- 
tionists might be caught robbing the grave. Early 
in tin- evening, not long after dark, three men 
made their way into the cemetery and immediatelv 
began search for the grave of the German. As 
♦ hey approached it. the men in hiding noticed that 
they were armed. One of their number went to 
the wagon to secure the tools necessary for digging. 
At this moment one of the party in hiding was 
seized with a fit of coughing, which alarmed the 
grave robbers and they immediately hurried to 
the wagon and drove into town. The party in 
hiding followed them into the village and 
caused the arrest of the resurrectionist party. 
One was found to be the son of Dr. Richards, 
president of the Medical Institution at St. 
( lharles. Another was a man by the name of John 
Rude, iiiid the name of the other was unknown. 
There not being found sufficient evidence of their 
guilt, they were released. The parties arrested 
were thoroughly alarmed and their fright was not 
lessened by Waterman answering their question as 
to what would be done by them by the promise to 
shoot them in the morning. It was supposed that 

after their severe fright that they would make a 
hasty retreat for St. Charles, but they recovered 
their nerve, and although they started directly 
east for their home, they evidently decided that 
they would not return without something to show 
for their nighfs work. Mrs. George M. Kenyon 
was buried in what is now known as the Ohio 
Grove cemetery, and. dying at the age of but sev- 
enteen years, in the bloom of youth, a girl well 
known, great sympathy was felt for the young 
husband and her immediate family. After her 
burial the grave was watched for two nights, and 
it was supposed that all would be well hereafter. 
The parties watching the grave of Mrs. Kenyon 
the third night, left shortly after midnight. Two 
of her girl friends were impressed by the story of 
the grave robbers, which had been circulated 
throughout the country, laid a twine over 
the grave and fastened it at each side, 
covering it with dirt, so that if it were 
molested it could easily be detected. When 
the relatives arrived at the grave in the morning 
they still found the string in position, but some- 
thing made them uneasy, and after hearing the 
story of the grave robbers being in Sycamore they 
decided to investigate. Upon digging down, their 
fears were realized, as the comb of the deceased 
was found about a foot below the surface. Reach- 
ing the coffin, they found it emptied of its contents 
and the grave clothes alone remained within it. 
The lid of the casket had been broken in and the 
body taken hastily away. News of this crime 
spread over the country like wildfire. Mr. David 
Churchill, father of the deceased, was a man well 
known and highly respected, and the circum- 
stance of the young lady's death made the crime 
seem doubly terrible. It was decided before any 
action was taken in the matter to have a party go 
to Dr. Richards at the Medical Institution and de- 
mand the return of the body. ITpon arriving at 
St. Charles they procured a search warrant anil 
went to the institution, and while on their way 
found the horse belonging to a Sycamore physi- 
cian, who had doubtless gone there in great haste 
to inform Dr. Richards that he had better be on 
his guard. Upon examining the dissecting room 
they found fragments of human bodies and skele- 
tons, but none corresponding to the description of 
Mrs. Kenvon. 



As they were about to leave the building Mr. 
Kenyon discovered upon the stone nagging * a 
lock of hair belonging to his wife. It was the 
precise peculiar shade of his lost wife's hair, 
and he knew it in an instant. It was not sufficient 
evidence to convince a jury, perhaps, but it satis- 
fied him. He went back and begged piteously for 
the return of his wife's remains, and it was here 
that Dr. Richards made his great mistake in in- 
flaming the searching party. He said to Mr. Ken- 
yon in his hour of sorrow: "I have no subjects 
now, but if you will come again in a few days I 
will have a lot of them, and from your way, too." 
The party returned to Sycamore, reported to their 
neighbors what had transpired, showed the friends 
the lock of hair belonging to Mrs. Kenyon, told 
of the insulting remarks made by Dr. Eichards to 
the grieved husband, and with one accord the citi- 
zens of Sycamore and vicinity volunteered to go 
next day and recover the body or know the reason 
why. A large part of them were young men, im- 
petuous and ready for trouble, but the older men 
counseled conservative action. A committee was 
selected to again visit Dr. Eichards, and was com- 
posed of the folowing men: Esquire Currier, of 
St. Charles; John C. Waterman. William Ford- 
ham, Lorenzo Whittemore and Kimball Dow. of 
Sycamore. They informed Dr. Eichards what 
they were there for, told of the party that was 
ready for action, and that it had only been by the 
intercession of their friends that an assault had 
not been made at once. They still found Dr. Eich- 
ards defiant and impudent, and he denied any 
knowledge about the body sought for, and said per- 
haps the students might account for it. They no- 
ticed also that Dr. Eichards and some of the stu- 
dents were fully armed and seemed to be ready for 
trouble in case of an attack. When Mr. Kenyon 
caught sight of Eude, who had been detected at 
Sycamore, he took an instinctive aversion to him 
and could scarcely be restrained from shooting him 
on the spot. Nothing, however, was gained by this 
parley. The crowd had increased on the way, so 
that now about three hundred men stood in front 
of Dr. Eichards' house, and had so arranged their 
party that escape was impossible. Seeing that 
trouble was in store for them, one of the young 
men of the institution informed them that he had 
seen a corpse answering the description of Mrs. 
Kenyon. Upon hearing this David Churchill. 

father of the deceased, and Mr. Kenyon, her hus- 
band, rushed for the door and forced it partly 
open, when the muzzle of a gun was thrust out 
and fired. Mr. Churchill pushed the barrel of the 
gun downward, so that no one was injured. This 
was followed by a shot from Mr. Kenyon, who was 
armed with a rifle. He fired blindly through the 
door, and by the irony of fate his bullet pierced 
Eude, the guilty resurrectionist, through the hips 
and he was mortally wounded. An assault fol- 
lowed, and all the windows in the building were 
broken and several students were wounded and Dr. 
Eichards was struck twice. As he appeared at the 
door and made a sign of surrender a stone struck 
him in the temple and he was carried back sense- 
less. The friends of Eichards feared that another 
attack would he made and secured the services of 
an attorney, A. Barry, who promised them the 
body would be returned, and he instructed Mr. 
Prescott, a relative of Mrs. Kenyon. to go to a 
spot two miles south of St. Charles on a farm now 
owned by Mrs. Harvey Jones, of Sycamore. And 
it should be stated in passing thai a constable ap- 
peared on the scene and ordered the mob to cease 
firing, and at that juncture Mr. Barry, an attor- 
ney, since well known in this county, promised the 
mob that he would return the body the next morn- 
ing. Mr. Barn and a student named Harvey, 
with Mr. Banister and Prescott, of St. Charles, 
found the remains buried on the banks of the Fox 
river in a grove, about two feet deep, wrapped in 
a blanket. The body was taken to the river, 
washed of the earth that adhered to it, wrapped 
in some clothing, placed in a coffin and brought 
back to Sycamore. A second funeral service was 
held at the Methodist church at Sycamore and a 
large concourse of people met on that Sabbath 
day to consign for the second time to the grave 
the body that had caused so much excitement in 
all the country around. It has been stated that 
the body was taken to the home of Mr. Kenyon 
and there buried under his window, but the bodv 
was buried in the grave from which it was taken 
and a tombstone is pointed out to those interested 
in the early history of the county, and many are 
the visitors even to this day to the grave which 
caused so much turmoil and loss of life. An im- 
pression seems deeply founded that Dr. Eichards 
was on the whole a bad man of the criminal type. 
and thus he has been depicted in the histories of 



De Kalli county tn the present time. We will say, 
however, that l>r. Richards was a very well edu- 
cated gentleman, and at the time that he was shot 
ranked as high as any other physician in Illinois. 
Many were the physicians ol Chicago who sought 

in- i lsel. Mrs. Harvey A. Jones, who was thru 

■ i girl ni' ten or twelve years, ami witnessed the 
shooting ami know Dr. Richards intimately, as he 
had been thou- family physician for roars, say that 
his In. mi- was one of refinement, that he had trav- 
eled abroad and in many respects was regarded as 
"in' "!' the most intellectual men of tin- community. 
It i- needless to say thai this broke up the organ- 
ized band id' resurrectionists, ami from that day 
tho visitors, even to this day, to the grave which 
had been their family physician for years, says that 
I" this, with one exception, crime of a like nature in 
this locality has been unknown. Rude died the day 
following, the students recovered, while Dr. Rich- 
ards finally died from tin- effects of hi- wounds in- 
9i< I'd by the Sycamore mob. We will say, however, 
thai had it not Keen lor the impudence of Dr. Rich- 
ards and his students when parties were searching 
lor the body and for the carelessness with which the 
remains of the dissected bodies were handled, this 
trouble would never have occurred. Parties still 
living remember well how Dr. Richards and his 
student- threw the remains of human bodies after 
dissection into the river, which naturally ext iti d 
a spirit of opposition to their wo.k. The account 
as we give it is from a conversation held with 
George M. Eenyon about a month previous to his 
death, with Mrs. Harvey A. Jones, who witnessed 
the riot, and from members of the mob, who par- 
ticipated in that event. 

During the year 1849, after "old was discovered 

in California ami was found in such abundance 
that people who had been struggling hero to make 
a livelihood and secure a competency felt that they 
were going at rather a slow pace, and with dreams 
of wealth started for California, some across the 
continent, on foot and with team-, while others 
wctd to the eastern coast and to tin- citj of New 
Orleans mi the south and took shipping by way 
of Panama to California. A great many suffered 
and a large number died from exposure on these 

trips, and especially was the tropical climate of 
Panama fatal to the people of the northern clime. 
But the stories of the old 'piers are of great inter- 
est, and the discovery of gold in California, and 
the producing of so much wealth, had a wonderful 
effect upon the business life of this and European 
countries, while money became abundant and new 
business enterprises sprung into existence like 
mushrooms. A large number returned materially 
enriched by their work in California and invested 
it in business and in land.-. Some id' the large 
farms of this county are still in possession of the 
families of those men who went fo California in 
1849, while many of the business enterprises of 
Sycamore, He Kalb and Sandwich had their be- 
ginnings in wealth accumulated by the California 
gold hunter. On the whole the year of 1849 was 
one of prosperity. Crops were abundant and farm 
machinery was materially improved. Little by lit- 
tle the farmers began to move from the timber 
and running streams to the prairie. Schools were 
established ami the whole community life took on 
the an- ..I i i\ ilization of older states. In the elec- 
tion of 1849 Marshall Stark was chosen sheriff, 
W. II. Beavers county clerk, William Pordham 
recorder, Sheldon Crossett school commissioner, 
and E. L. Mayo probate judge. These elections 
took place early in August and were under the op- 
erations of the old constitution, hut the constitu- 
tion of 1848 having been put into effect, new elec- 
tion- wiiv held in November, ami Martin Mack 
was made circuit clerk and recorder. V. B. Pres- 
cott county clerk. William Shepardson county 
treasurer and James TT. Beveridge and George H. 
Hill county justices of the peace. It will he noted 
that from this time the office which had hitherto 
been known as probate justice, whose duty if was 
to probate estates, w-as now called probate judge. 
and I'.. !.. Mayo, later a man of prominence, was 
the first to wear the title of county judge. At the 
fall election seven hundred and fifty votes were 
casl in favor of adopting the township organiza- 
tion and only one against it. The counties of 
northern Illinois this year generally voted to !_ r ive 
up the county organization, and adopt township 
organization, so that at present in the state of Illi- 
nois there are hut few counties remaining under 
what is known as county organizations. For many 
years after this people, especially those from south- 
ern sfates. advocated the return to the county or- 


ORIGIN \l. GLIDDEN II"! se, 1842. 





ganization plan, as it was less expensive than town- 
ship organization. 

The county superintendent of schools, who had 
formerly been known as the county commissioner, 
was paid twenty-eight dollars for his services, 
which consisted mainly in holding three or four 
examinations yearly. We have some of the ques- 
tions propounded by the county superintendents 
of those days for teachers' certificates, and we find 
that they compare very favorably with many of the 
questions given at the present time, and, barring 
the matter of pedagogy, physiology and other 
things that have been introduced later, they gen- 
erally demand a fair degree of scholarship in or- 
der to pass them. The county judge received 
seventy-five dollars for the performance of his 
duties for six months, making a total of one hun- 
dred and fifty dollars yearly. The county commis- 
sioners at the December term appointed William 
A. Miller, later of Kingston; Robert Sterritt, later 
of Somonauk, and William J. Hunt, later of De 
Kalb, to divide the county into townships in prep- 
aration for a new organization under the township 
organization law. They visited the different sec- 
tions of the county, heard the statements of those- 
who were concerned, and divided off the county 
into thirteen different townships, named as fol- 
lows: (Refer to page 19 De Kalb Chronicle Illus- 
trated Souvenir) : Genoa, Kingston, Franklin, 
Vernon, Liberty, Sycamore, Richland, Orange, 
Shabbona, Clinton, Squaw Grove, Somonauk and 
Paw Paw. Most of these names are still retained 
by the townships to which they were originally as- 
signed, although most of these towns have been 
diminished in extent by the creation of new town- 
ships. Of those names which hav° been abandoned 
Vernon belonged to the present town of South 
Grove, Orange to De Kalb and adjoining territory 
on the south, and Liberty to Mayfield. Richland 
afterward became Pampas and finally Cortland, 
and originally included Pierce township. The 
county tax of 18-49 amounted to two thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-three dollars. During 
this year Comb's mill put in the machinery neces- 
sary for grinding flour and thus finally flour was 
produced in our county, and it must be remem- 
bered at that time wheat was the principal crop. 
In 1849 a field of twenty-five acres of corn was 
considered a curiosity. While oats was raised 
more abundantly, still the fields of that grain 

were small and the wheat fields occupied nearly 
three-fourths of all the cultivated area. Prices of 
grains and farm produce generally quite materially 
advanced, and the assessable property of De Kalb 
county came very near the million dollar mark. 



In the spring election held in the new townships 
designated, school houses were the voting places. 
Supervisors were elected, and took upon them- 
selves the duties formerly assigned to the board of 
county commissioners. In many of the townships 
there was quite a strife to see who should be the 
first supervisor from the respective townships, and 
the board was constituted of the following named 
gentlemen: Henry Durham represented Genoa: 
John Sheely, Kingston ; Clark Bliss, Franklin ; 
John S. Brown, Vernon ; Mulford Nickerson, Lib- 
erty : James Harrington, Sycamore ; D. F. Finley, 
Richland ; Thomas R. Hopkins, Orange ; William 
Marks, Sr., Shabbona; Reuben Pritchard. Clin- 
ton ; Abram L. Hemenway, Squaw Grove ; Lyman 
Bacon, Somonauk; Pierpont Edwards. Paw Paw. 
Dr. James Harrington of Sycamore was chosen 
chairman and the first act passed by the board was 



one changing the name of Orange to De Halb, 
Richland to Pampas, Liberty to Mayfield and 
Yernon to South Grove, other towns in the state 
had already appropriated the firsl chosen names, 
and to prevent confusion the board of supervisors 
were authorized and directed to selecl others. Hav- 
ing accomplished this duty, the board at once 
plunged into the business of auditing bills, ar« 
raigning delinquent collectors, appointing places 
of town meetings and all those duties which have 
-i in i engrossed the attention of that body. The 
work on the new courthouse had been progressing 
rapidly, but was nol accomplished at the first ses- 
sion of the board, and their meeting was held in 
uli:ii i- in,\\ the old Congregational church, which 
was undergoing repairs. One of the duties de- 
volving upon thai bodj was the refusal of granting 
,,i licenses for the sale of liquor. A temperance 
society had been organized in the county and their 
representatives were allowed to speak before the 
board and liquor licenses for taverns was refused 
by unanimous vote «a< 7,500. 

When the county courthouse was completed it 
was considered a magnificenl structure, being built 
of brick, sixtj feel long and fort} feel wide, and 
following the custom thai prevailed at thai time 
at the inauguration of the new building a publiq 
ball was given in the new courthouse in February, 
L857, and was a notable occasion. The company 
1 1 Erom all over northern Illinois. 

The year 1851 was known as a year of much 
rain, showers lasting nearly all summi r. The firsl 
Sunday in April one of the mosl furious snow- 
storms ever known in this country fell, and it is 
said that more than fifteeen inches fell in the 
course of the day. On Sunday following a similar 
storm came with equal severity. About a month 
after the snow and before the soil had become suffi- 
ciently dried for farming operations, a heavy rain 
set in and continued with but occasional intervals 
for more than two months. Tt is related that at one 
time the sun did no1 shine through the clouds for 

more than ten days. Plowed ground becam ■- 

ered with green mold and the wheal crop was all 
scabbed, and little or none was raised that was 
really tit for Hour, and in some cases it sickened 
ami apparently po soned those who were com- 
pelled, from prevalent destitution, (o use it. Tha 
lead- became impassible and continued so during 
the most of the year. The board of county com- 

missioners had done little more than to lay out 
roads and road districts, hut had done nothing 
toward their improvement. All the work of build- 
ing pike^ and bridges was done locally under the 
direction of road masters. Bridges were built 
.nil-- tin streams so that people did not find it 
necessary to remain away from market as in pre- 
\ inn- years on account of high water. The bridges 
were built of wood and were rather crude struc- 
ture- and were unable to resisl the \\ |- that 

came, and it can he truly stated that had all tin 
money that has been expended in De Kalb county 
for road work and for building bridges from the 
date of its organization to the present time, much 
of which has been of little value, there could have 
i hi n built out of an equal amount steel bridges 
and macadamized roads for nearly the whole 

A reference to taxes levied in the road districts 
and townships and aid given In the county during 
these year- since 1845 will prove the truth of this 
statement. Although people generally took their 
produce to St. Charles they found even that dis- 
tance \<-ry difficult to travel in years like 185] 
and it became evident that something must he 

i" -.line better means of communication 
with the outside world and transportation of the 
products oi tin- country to market. Heretofore 
all the g I- -..I. I 111 -inn-- were hauled Erom Chi- 
cago or from St. Charles, causing great incon- 
venience ami a large expenditure of n ey for 

the merchants. The Chicago. Burlington & Quincy 
was now in process of construction and promised 
i to the southern portions of the county. The 
Galena division of the Northwestern road was also 
being built, a branch of which was extended to 
St. Charles, which was then a very flourishing lit- 
tle city ami the principal market for all the north- 
ern part of the county. When the matter came be- 
fore our people to bave the road extended through 
this county, touching Sycamore, the people were 
too poor to aid in the project. The plank road 
was established from Sycamore to St. Charles. 

at tin- time being very popular throughout 
the eastern states and covered most of the dis- 
tance between cities, but in a year or two the 
plank warped and the road became almost im- 
passible and the planks were finally confiscated by 
the people living along the road and the project 
was given up. This was to be a toll road and 

ii Id be a source of 


people generally supposed it w 
great profit. 

In 184!) a road was commenced between Chicago 

and St. Charles and on the 12th of December of 
that year the first train entered that city and the 
scream of the locomotive was heard lor the first 
time in the Fox river valley. In August the Chi- 
cago ,V- Galena division of the Northwestern had 
completed their track to Elgin and had changed 
their route from St. Charles to that place. The 
citizens of that city, seeing that the salvation of 
their town depended upon the thoroughfare which 
had been opened, took the matter in their own 
hands and ran two trains a .lav from their town 
to the junction. Ira Minard controlled it until 
October, 1856, when it passed into other hands. 
The depot stood on the east side of the city of 
St. Charles on land now occupied by the Free 
-Methodist church. In Is:,:; he with others ob- 
tained a charter for fhe St. Charles & Galena Air 
Line road, into which the charter previously grant- 
ed for the branch track was merged. .Minard be- 
came president of the company and a heavy stock 
was taken along the line. The Chicago & Galena 
road commenced with the ostensible purpose of ex- 
tending to Galena never approached nearer that 
town than Freeport, hut from there depended upon 
fhe Illinois Centra] track. In an evil hour, one, E. 
C. Litchfield from Cazenovia, New York, ap- 
peared in St. Charles, representing that he and 
his friends possessed sufficient means to build a 
railroad through if he was allowed to take a con- 
trolling interest in the stock. He was permitted 
to subscribe for it, the thoroughfare was com- 
mended and graded from Chicago to St. Charles, 
the culverts were built, also the piers and abut- 
ments for the bridge across Fox river and the 
track was laid for nine miles from Chicago. Mi- 
nard had staked his whole fortune of eighty thou- 
sand dollars upon the enterprise, while hundreds of 

1 r men had taken stock for all they owned. It 

must lie understood that Litchfield promised that 
the road would he finished and that it should not 
previously pass out id' his hands into the Galena 
0] any other competing line. Never was a vil- 
lainous scheme more successfully executed. When 
the controller of the stock had crippled the only 
man who had any power to oppose him and was 
assured that any opposition to his own designs 
would result in that man's ruin he coollv informed 

Minard he had concluded to sell his stock in the 
Chicago an. I St. Charles Air lane to the Chicago 
& Galena C pany and promised to make repara- 
tion for any personal inconvenience which such a 
course might occasion him if he would raise no 
objection, lie was then permitted to take his 
choice and there was no choice to take. The re- 
fusal and loss of his property could not help his 
friends who were already ruined nor save his 
town, which was then doomed, and he accordingly 
took the course which any other sane man would 
have taken. The road en. led at the lies l'laines 
river and the grading upon the west bank of the 
l''o\ river, since it was not necessary for the in- 
terest of the Chicago & Northwestern Company to 
continue it. Seven hundred thousand dollars paid 
by hard working farmers and industrious mechanics 
across the country was lost and many farmers 
were reduced from wealth to poverty and the use- 
less piers stood along the hanks of the Fox river 
as a monument to the perfidy of Litchfield until 
they were in later years occupied by the Chicago 
& Croat Western. The real estate of the St. 
Charles & Chicago Air Line had acquired a large 
amount of value, especially that part of the prop- 
erty which was to he used for depot and grounds 
in Chicago ami therefore the railroad property of 
this proposed line had appreciated enormously in 
value. There was more than enough to pay for 
all the work that had been done upon the road 
It has been reported that Litchfield and Minard 
by thus selling out their friends made a profit of 
over four hundred thousand dollars. Tt must he 
said in passing that the friends of Minard think 
he has been unjustly blamed for his course in the 
disaster, but it is sufficiently apparent that he 
was far beneath the mark of innocence. The loss 
of this railroad to those who had invested was the 
severest blow that had ever visited St. Charles and 
almost annihilated the village. Had that line been 
built through what is now Sycamore and Dixon to 
the river it is possible that the towns of Pe Kalb, 
Cortland and Malta would never have been built 
and Sycamore might have become one of the 
largest cities of northern Illinois. The assessed 
valuation of the property of Pe Kalb county in 
1852 reached one hundred thousand dollars above 
the million dollar mark, and despite railroad disas- 
ters and a wet year the people were growing pros- 
perous and the prospects that the ) pie of this 



locality would soon have markets by railroads had 
induced many people from eastern states and also 
many land speculators to buy the wild prairie. 
And we find that all but about twenty thousand 
acres of our land in this county at that time had 
been purchased. The Chicago & Burlington was 
completed as far west as De Kalb county and al- 
though the road was crude in its construction, mer- 
chants were able to ship their goods easily and 
farmers could send their produce to market. 

The elections of 1852 were very exciting. The 
county was overwhelmingly democratic in politics,, 
but there was a very strong, active freesoil party 
and a sturdy, enterprising minority of whigs. The 
omnibus bill of 1850, with the fugitive slave law 
as part of its consideration, had created great op- 
position in the north. The democrat party could 
easily pledge itself to that measure as its great 
strength lay in the south. The whig? in conven- 
tion pledged themselves also to the compromise 
of 1850, which drove many freesoilers from that 
party. Franklin Pierce was the democrat candi- 
date for president and General Winfield Scott can- 
didate of the whig party. The whig party natural- 
ly found its candidate opposed to the compromise 
of 1850, while its platform favored that measure 
and many of the freesoilers alluded to their ludi- 
crous political position by stating that the candi- 
dates were spitting on the platform that their 
party had made. In this county five hundred and 
eighty-three votes were cast for Franklin Pierce, 
four hundred and fifty-six for General Scott and 
three hundred and fifty-five for the freesoil can- 
didate. This ended the political existence of the 
whig party in De Kalb county. That party gen- 
erally affiliated with the republican party, which 
came into organized existence here in 1854. James 
H. Beveridge, a merchant at Freeland Corners, in 
the town of Somonauk. was the first nominee of 
the new party for circuit clerk and recorder, was 
elected and held the position in this county until 
his election to the office of state treasurer in the 
early *G0s. Joseph Sixbury was chosen county- 
treasurer, Jacob E. Crossett. school commissioner, 
and Herman Furness, sheriff. Bills for tne care 
of paupers were paid by the county to the amount 
of six hundred and thirteen dollars and the ques- 
tion of the purchase of a poor farm was agitated 
at the meeting of the board of supervisors. 

The first agricultural society of the county was 
organized and held a crude exhibition in the vil- 
lage of Sycamore on land near the present Patten 
factory. It has been stated by those present that 
the entire exhibit consisted of one old white bull 
chained to a stake in the center of a vacant lot, 
two or three horses, with as many cows and colts, 
and a few beets and pumpkins. The branch of the 
Northwestern road was extended to Dixon and a 
train was run into that city before midnight. Jan- 
uary 1, 1854. Under the provisions of the charter 
the road was to be completed by that day, but for 
many miles of its course there was no grading, the 
ties were laid down on the prairie and leveled up 
with stove wood. It had neither station house, 
freight house, engine house or any other building. 
It was necessary that everything should be built 
over from the foundation, but the road gave a 
powerful forward impulse to the countrv. It 
brought a market to the produce of all this country 
to the doors of its growers. It seems incredible 
that the speculators could not foresee the ad- 
vance in the intrinsic value of the land which 
was caused by this revolution in affairs, but yet 
tracts of land which would be purchased by 
land warrants at seventy-five cents per acre still 
lay open to entry. Upon the completion of the 
railroad to this county the people began to enjoy 
-Mine of the luxuries. Tropical fruits such as 
oranges and lemons were seen for the first time in 
our county. 

At the meeting of the board of supervisors this 
year it was found that the expense accrued by 
paupers amounted to nearly seven hundred dollars 
yearly and in the hopes of lessening that burden 
the board of supervisors decided to purchase a 
county poor farm upon which some of this class 
■ it unfortunates could be made useful and con- 
tribute to their own maintenance. By order of 
the board of supervisors Silas Tappan and Jesse 
Tindall were appointed to purchase such a farm, 
which was to be located in one of the two middle 
tiers of townships, and Mr. Harrington, who was 
still chairman of the board, advertised for a loan 
of three thousand dollars with which to purchase 
it. In September the farm of A. H. Cartwright 
en the road between Sycamore and De Kalb was 
purchased for this purpose, the county borrowing 
the purchase money at the rate of ten per cent 
interest. Applications for license for the sale of 


liquor were again made at this session of the board ever silenced in the state of Illinois But two 

and were promptly squelched by a resolution of- towns in the entire county-Kingston and Pierce 

tered by Horace Champion and was carried unani- -voted against prohibition. The following is the 

mously. De Kalb now sprung up. but two years vote of the towns : 

previous there had been a store, a tavern and a For. Against 

blacksmith shop and now took on the village airs Shabto" 49 

and the name of "Buena Vista," which was one Pair Pw' .'.'. YYYYYYYYYYY. 90 11 

of the fiercest battles of the Mexican war fousrht i outh Gr ? ve 56 3 

by old Bough and Beady," was given this town Clinton ] 6i " 

and it retained that name for several years S enoa 64 -42 

a , . , ' , J Pampas 1 36 10 

sandwich also became a village and was called Kingston 55 70 

Newark Station. The editor of the Sentinel, the Squaw Grove' '. YYYYYY" " 43 3 \ 

first paper published in the county, states edi- Mayfield YYYYY. 67 u 

tonally that he visited the villages of Somonauk Sycamore '. ' '. '. '. '. \ \ \ \ \ YYY. " 207 3 g 

and Newark Station and in his letter states that De Kalb YYYYYYYYYYY. 140 21 

Newark Station, now Sandwich, was liable to be- "^ ~ 
come a strong competitor of Somonauk and one Majority for prohibition, 832. 
of the good cities of this county. That prophecy During the '50s De Kalb county took on more 
has been fully verified, Sandwich now being the airs of civilization, established lodges and pro- 
third city in population in De Kalb county. moted lectures courses, while in the country the 
Thus in 1854 De Kalb county had railroad sta- schoolhouse was a social center, in which debating 
tions at Somonauk, Newark Station, De Kalb and societies were held and many of the public and 
Cortland. "On the 31st of May, 1854, appeared local questions of the day were discussed and oc- 
in Sycamore the first number of the first news- casionally the old fashioned spelling school was 
paper ever printed in De Kalb county. The first indulged in and its accompaniment, the country 
number of this paper which was ever printed is school exhibition. In those days teachers would 
now in the possession of the Sycamore Library and ^11 the P u pils f° r months in preparation of these 
it is a valuable relic. It was called the Republican s P e U in £ matches and the best spellers of several 
Sentinel and edited and published by H. A. districts were often pitted against each other and 
Hough. The editor announced that the politics the one wno was victor in the contest was eonsid- 
of the paper would be Eepublican Democratic, ere d a veritable Socrates. Some of the social 
which sounds oddly enough at this day, but before functions of the '50s compare favorably with those 
the year was over he was publishing in his columns R t the present time. The orthodox churches, 
the proceedings of the conventions of two parties, especially held revivals lasting nearly through the 
the Eepublican and the Democratic. The Sentinel en ^ Te winter. Hundreds of people were converted 
gave a vigorous and enthusiastic support to the and enuren membership rapidly increased. While 
prohibitory liquor law presented to the people of in * ne c ' ities a ^ ew church edifices were erected, 
the state that year for adoption or rejection, and stl11 tnere was Dut one m tne country, and that 
from its columns one would have inferred that the was tne United Presbyterian church of Somonauk 
politics of the county that season hinged on the township. All other exercises of a religious nature 
question of prohibition. And indeed the people of were llplc l in the schoolhouses. The schoolhouse 
De Kalb county went into this canvass with deep served as a voting place, was used for school pur- 
earnestness. On the 29th of June, 1854, a Main P oses - fnr religious services, funerals, debates and, 
Law Alliance was formed and a thorough canvass in fact > everything of a public nature, 
of the county commenced. It cannot be stated In 1 *•">•"> the Crimean war broke out in Europe, 
with truth that there was an unusual amount of which involved- the nations of England, France, 
drunkenness in our county, but they fought the Italy, Enssia and Turkey. This was one of the 
dragon with weapons of flaming fire and if it had later struggles to put Turkey, known as the sick 
depended upon the vote of De Kalb county the man, out of existence: and Eussia. while defeated 
vending of ardent spirits would have been for- in her attempt to Eussianize Turkey, still fought 



vigorously againsl the combined nations of Eu- 
rope. This gave a wonderful market to the prod- 
ucts of the United States. Dressed pork sold at ten 
dollars a hundred, live pork at eight dollars, horses 
fit for cavalry service brought an immense price, 
wheat sold for a dollar and a half a bushel, corn 
for seventy-five or eighty cents and wealth was 
pouring into the pockets of the fanners. But in 
such times of prosperity few are looking for a 
reaction and many who had paid for their farms 
with the money secured for one crop began to buy 
land, giving but little cash down and in some 
i ases their personal notes. The war suddenly came 
Pi an end in 1851 and the grain ami stock in the 
hands of the farmers fell rapidly in price. Tim-.' 
\ ho had purchased land were unable to meet their 

obligations, men who had bought g Is at the 

-tore- on "tick" and bad put everj dollar thej 
possessed into land found themselves unable to 
pay their debts. Some sold out what they bail and 
left in the uight, while merchants failed all over 
the country. Some of the large institution-, as 
well as banks, failed by the hundreds, so that in 
L858 the country was paralyzed financially. Not- 
withstanding these hard times the '50s brought 
many people to De Kail, county. In 1856 more 
(ban a thousand came here from the eastern -Mi- 
ami foreign countries to make their home-, adding 
to the material and social wealth of our county. 
P>\ this time all public lands were sold and people 
bad moved out on the prairie. Instead of the 

schools being in the neighborb 1 of woods and 

streams the little frami boxes dotted the prairies 
and the number of districts during tins year was 
as large as that of any later year in our county's 

In lS-->4 a barber sel up -hop in Sycamore, hut 
did not depend upon his tonsorial labors alone, 
but did the work of dentist. In looking over files 
of the papers of that day we find that merchants 
were trying to induce the people to use kerosene 
oil. telling of its great advantages, of its economy 
and how much better light it gave than the tallow 
candles previously used, but people took up this 
illuminating fluid with diffidence. Kerosene oil 
was fifty cents a gallon and was thought fo he 
verv dangerous and many people a quarter of a 
centurv later, especially old people, preferred to the tallow candle. After the financial crash 
following 1857 the papers are full of tax sales 

and there were other evidences of financial dis- 
aster. In the '50s sewing societies were organized 
I v the ladies of the LTniversalist and Episcopal 
churches. Tin- was considered not strictly ortho- 
dox by some of the churches and it was many 
years later when all the churches had aid societies 
of this nature. 

A hand was organized in Sycamore in L858, 
which event was of considerable interest to the 
people of the whole county. At the invitation of 
the people of Somonauk a benefit concert was held 
and wa- \ei\ well patronized. They extended 
their visits as far as St. Charles mi the east and 
Belvidere mi the north. In 1858 the firs! Teach- 
ers" County Institute wa- held, and the question 
tor ih-i U--IOH ami debate wa-. "Kesolved, that in 
Schools, a- Well a- In Nature. Order Is Heaven's 
First Law. and the First Duty of the Teacher 
Should He to Have Excellent Discipline." This 
was discussed through the entire day pro and con. 
and many of the teachers wdio participated in that 
discussion afterwards become prominent in other 

vocal - of lift — some lawyers, physicians and 

! I public affairs. Tn 1854 there was held at 

Sycamore a political mass meeting of such a pe- 
culiar nature that a part of the record of its pro- 
eedings are worth perpetuating. In some respects 
\\ wa- the nio-t notable political event of our coun- 
ty. It was the organization of a new party out of 
the three old parties, and from this meeting may 
be dated the existence of the republican party in 
lie Kalh county. At this meeting delegate- were 
appointed to attend a republican convention called 

to n I at Aurora. These delegate- were thus ap- 

ioned among the three old parties represented 
\- most of the names are prominent one- in our 
present politics, the reader may be interested in 
seeing their former affinities. Democrats. Horace 
W. Fay, G. A. Colton, Joseph Sixbury, James Har- 
rington and Royal Crossett. Freesoilers, Pier- 
pont Edwards, Stephen Townsend, Thurston ('air. 
David West, .lame- II. Beveridge and E. S. Greg- 
ory. Whigs, Reuben Pritchard, W. J. Hunt. A. J. 
Joslyn, William Byers, Dr. E. Pose and John N. 
Braddock. This convention was attended by many 
outside of the regularly appointed delegates and 
greai enthusiasm prevailed. Opposition to the 
fugitive slave law was growing rapidly and dur- 
ing this period the operations of the underground 
railroad wen extensive. The third annual Agri- 



cultural Fair of De Kalb County was held on the 
11th and 12th of October of this year. It was a 
very tamo and spiritless affair, only twenty-six 
premiums being awarded in all, and these being 
divided among eighteen persons. Those of our 
citizens who participated in the demonstration 
were mortified at the poor display of the industry 
of the county, and at the close of the fair a meet- 
ing of the Agricultural Society was held, at which 
it was resolved to put forth every effort to enlist a 
deeper interest in the annual fairs among the farm- 
ers of the county, and from the success which has 
attended subsequent fairs it is evident that their 
resolutions were carried out with energy. At the 
county election this year William Patten of Somo- 
nauk was chosen representative in the legislature, 
William Phelps of Sycamore sheriff, and Lorenzo 
Whittemore coroner. The latter held office for a 
period of twenty years. John Settle, the treasurer 
of the county and an old and respected citizen, 
died on the 22d of October this year in the town- 
ship of Pampas, and the vacancy in the office oc- 
casioned by his death was filled by the county court 
by the appointment of Joseph Sixbury. 

The taxable property during the year 1854 
reached the magnificent sum of one million nine 
hundred thousand dollars, and the total tax levied 
was twenty-five thousand three hundred and sev- 
enteen dollars. The number of horses in the county 
was four thousand and ninety, the number of cat- 
tle fifteen thousand seven hundred and forty, and 
sheep eighl thousand five hundred and eight. It 
is needless to state that of this tax of over twen- 
ty-five thousand dollars was collected with greater 
ease than the tax of fifteen years previous of less 
than four hundred dollars, and at this time it was 
no burden to the tax-payer, while in the year 1S40 
a tax of five dollars meant an almost unbearable 
burden. "An act of congress passed in September, 
1850, had donated to certain states the swamp and 
overflowed lands within their borders for educa- 
tional purposes, and this state had decided to 
transfer this property to the several counties to 
be expended at their discretion. The land had 
been surveyed and a commissioner of drainage ap- 
pointed as early as 1853. A special session of the 
board of supervisors of this county was held in 
September of this year to take measures to dispose 
of these lands. On motion of Supervisor William 
Patten it was voted that the net proceeds of the 

-ale of these lands should be paid to the county 
school commissioner and by him to the township 
treasurers, to be loaned out for the benefit of the 
school fund, in the same manner as were the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of the Kith, or school section, in 
each town. The price of the first-class land was 
fixed at six dollars; of the second-class a1 three 
dollars and fifty cents; and of the third class at 
one dollar and twenty-five cents. But no small 
amount of these lands had been purchased of the 
government by individuals, before the report of 
the surveyor, designating the lands selected as 
swamp lands, had been received by the United 
States authorities. It was provided that titles to 
these lands -should he confirmed to the original 
purchasers upon their paying the county the pur- 
chase money or relinquishing the warrant used in 
the entry, it being understood that the Ohiied 
States would refund the purchase money to those 
who had thus entered them. At this session a peti- 
tion was received for the organization of the town 
of Alton, which was dulv accepted." 

During the year 1S55 the county paid its in- 
debtedness on the poor farm and owned their prop- 
erty, valued then at about five thousand dollars, 
and il held also a count)- bond valued at one thou- 
sand, one hundred and thirty-five dollars. 

About this lime an agitation sprang up in fa- 
vor of building a branch road from Cortland to 
Sycamore, and as the county seat "bugaboo"' was 
kept rife in the minds of some of the Sycamore 
politicians it was stated that if Sycamore could 
not get railroad communication with the outside 
world it would lose the courthouse, so the people 
put their hands in their pockets and raised a sum 
necessary for the building of that road, which 
later became known as the Sycamore & Cortland 
Jerk Water, which in the later '80s was purchased 
and is now owned by the Northwestern road. 
Twenty thousand dollars was raised from this sale 
and was paid into the school fund of the Sycamore 
district, which fund is kept intact and the interest 
raised therefrom goes toward the support of the 
public schools id' the city. 

The census of 185.) shows Sycamore as having 
a population of eight hundred, in 185G De Kalb 
five hundred, in 1857 Cortland one hundred 
and eighty-six. The census of 1855 shows the 
following population : Genoa, eight hundred and 
ninety-five; Kingston, eight hundred and seventy- 



four; Franklin, eight hundred and thirty-seven; 
South Grove, four hundred : Mayfield, eight hun- 
dred and thirty-five; Sycamore, sixteen hundred 
and forty-six ; Pampas, eleven hundred and eighty- 
two; De Kalb. fifteen hundred and eighty-eighl ; 
Pierce, six hundred and twenty-seven ; Squaw- 
Grove, five hundred and fifteen; Clinton, eight 
hundred and sixty-seven; Shabbona, nine hundred 
and sixty-sis : Paw Paw. nine hundred and forty- 
four; Victor, three hundred and ninety-nine; So- 
monauk. eleven hundred and twenty-one; total, 
thirteen thousand, six hundred and thirty-six. 

In 1856 after considerable agitation the board 
of supervisors appointed a committee to solicit 
subscriptions from the citizens of Sycamore for 
the erection of a county jail, reported no success 
in their mission and recommended that the county 
proceed to build a jail without their aid. After a 
heated discussion and considerable filibustering in 
opposition the board appropriated five thousand 
dollars for this purpose and appointed John S. 
Brown, Dr. James Harrington and Alonzo Ell- 
wood a building committee. Those voting in fa- 
vor of this proposition were G. H. Hill of Kings- 
ton, .1. S. Brown of South Grove. William Patten 
of Somonauk, I. W. Garvin of Genoa, W T. Kirk 
of Franklin, H. S. Champlin of Pampas, James 
Parker of Mayfield, <'. M. Eumiston of Pierc 
and James Harrington of Sycamore. Those op- 
posed were T. S. Terry of Shabbona, and Alonzo 
Converse of DeKalb. The work was started at 
once and after a period of twenty-one years De 
Kalb county had its first jail. Prisoners had been 
allowed and encouraged to escape if the crime of 
which they were guilty was not of much conse- 
quence, and in many instances when the county 
had a criminal charged with murder, forgery or 
some other heinous crime, the sheriff or his deputy 
was compelled to sleep with him, having the hand 
of tli.' criminal tied to that of the sheriff. 

William Fordham. drainage commissioner, re- 
ported that he had sold lands to the value of 
twenty-three thousand, seven hundred and eighty- 
three dollars ami seventy-six cents and received 
in cash fourteen thousand, five hundred and 
seventy-five dollars and eighteen cents, and in 
notes nine thousand, two hundred and sixteen dol- 
lars and fifty-eight cents. The committee report 
that they are satisfied with the course of Ford- 
ham in the matter. 

The town of Victor was organized with its pres- 
ent boundaries in 1852, Afton in 1853, Pierce in 
1853, Malta in 1856 and Milan in 1857. Added 
to the calamity of 1851 one of the wet seasons, 
which seemed to have appeared every seventh year, 
set in, and before the planting season arrived floods 
of rain drowned vegetation, enveloped the country 
in seas of mud and rendered it almost impossible 
to conduct farming operations with any degree of 
profit. Wheat which was raised that year was 
not very marketable and the crop that had sold 
the previous year at one dollar and a half a bushel 
now fell to forty and fifty cents. 

The Agricultural Society held its fair north of 
the village of Sycamore on land now owned by 
Frederick Tomlin. These exhibits began to at- 
tract considerable attention and were great oc- 
casions in this county. It is stated that five or 
six thousand people attended on special occasions. 
The December session of the board of supervisors 
changed the name of the town of Aetna to Malta. 
'I he proposition for erecting a fireproof building 
for the court records was voted down. 

The True Republican, a publication still in ex- 
istence, was published for the first time in 1858. 
The Be Kalli Time* came into existence in 1850 
and the Prairie Home was published at Sandwich. 
These papers were edited by men of ability and 
became prominent. It was found that during 
those stirring times there was no place for the 
neutral paper and in time all of them became 
identified with a party. During the year 1858 a 
tornado swept over the northern portion of the 
county during the month of April and destroyed 
broad belts of timber and much property, but no 
lives were lost. The total tax of 1858 was sixty- 
nine thousand, nine hundred and five dollars, of 
which seventeen thousand was state tax, seven 
thousand school tax. eight thousand county tax 
and thirty-eight thousand town, road, bridge and 
other taxes. The total value of property of the 
county was three and a half million. 

In 1859 at the county convention held during 
this summer Hiram Ellwood was nominated for 
county treasurer. X. S. Greenwood for school com- 
missioner and J. W. Eeid county surveyor. Mr. 
Roswell Dow was a candidate for the nomination 
at that time and his friends discredited the meth- 
ods adopted by that convention and urged him 
to become an independent candidate. Tip to that 



time this was the most sharply contested election 
ever known in county politics. Ellwood received 
nine hundred and eighty-five votes and Dow nine 
hundred and sixty-two. 

The year of 1850 witnessed the passing of the 
Fugitive Slave Law and the growing opposition to 
slavery. Then the underground railroad began to 
be operated and a chapter bearing on this subject 
is thought not to be out of place at this time. 


The history of the underground railroad in 
this county was never written and, in fact, it 
would be difficult to secure a good history of the 
movement, as all of its operations were supposed 
to be generally conducted in a secret manner. 
Synopsis of the underground railroad. "It was a 
strange road. It had neither locomotive nor cars; 
it ran in the darkness and was invisible. Its op- 
erations were so secret that people called it the 
underground railroad. The friends of this mys- 
terious railway declared that its charter came 
from God and that it ran from the northern por- 
tion of the southern states to Canada. Its officers 
were largely volunteers and its route was that 
which afforded to its passengers the greatest safe- 
ty — salary, time, if not paid in this world will 
surely be in the next; running expenses donated. 
It is true that the present generation knows but 
little of the moaning of the term, underground 
railway, and we have been surprised to hear peo- 
ple who have attained their majority ask if there 
really was a railroad that ran under ground. It 
is not such a strange question in view of the fact 
that we may have so many city railways that are 
now operated under the surface of the earth. The 
work of this road was simply to aid the fugitive 
slaves of the south to Canada, where freedom was 
assured. A conductor on one of these roads not 
only jeopardized his life but subjected himself to 
a heavy fine and imprisonment under the fugitive 
slave law in Illinois, and if one will refer to the 
statute books that were printed after the adoption 
of the new constitution of 1848 they will find 
heavy fines and long terms of imprisonment for 
those convicted in aiding negroes from slavery to 
freedom. Some of the citizens of De Kalb county 
who aided in this movement were the Beveridges. 
of Somonauk township; Deyeo, of South Grove; 

David West, of Sycamore; Starr Gregory, of 
Genoa; Niekersons, Townsends and Nicholses of 
Mayfield. There may have been other places and 
perhaps many, but these homes became well-known 
and have been remembered by the people who 
lived at those times as the principal places where 
this business was carried on. The only passengers 
using the underground railway were the negro 
people then in slavery and it had been running 
years before Lincoln's famous proclamation was 
signed and it might be well to state here the feel- 
ing of Abraham Lincoln when he attached his 
name to that immortal document. After he had 
drafted it and laid it aside for reflection it was 
brought to him to sign. He lifted his hand to the 
place of signature and then it fell by his side. 
Again he lifted it and again it fell. Then turning 
to some one near him he said, "I have been shaking 
hands with the people all day and my hand is very 
weak and shaky. If I should tremble as I write 
my name on this paper, which will be handed down 
in history, if any deed of mine is, all the w r orld 
will say 'he hesitated.'' " He lifted his hand once 
more to the place of signature and steadily and 
firmly wrote the A. Lincoln, with which all the 
world is now familiar. Then leaning back satis- 
fied hr said, "that will do." Its principal stations 
were through Illinois, Indiana and Ohio — the 
route that afforded the passengers the greatest safe- 
ty — and lay through the anti-slavery portions of 
the three states mentioned. The homes of aboli- 
tionists whose aim was to carry fugitive slaves 
from one station to another with safety were the 
stations used. It must be remembered that it was 
not without fear and trembling that many of the 
escaped slaves, who started on their perilous jour- 
ney, for if they were captured the usual penalty 
was to sell the escaped slave further south. The 
home of Deacon West, one of the early pioneers 
here, whose latchstring was always out, es- 
pecially to the poor slaves of the south, came to be 
known as one of the most ardent abolitionists in 
this section of the country. The old covered 
wagon shown in the picture was made by him and 
used as a car in the running of the underground 
railroad. The son standing beside it was occasion- 
ally pressed into service as conductor in his 
younger days. The wagon and its history is known 
all over the immediate country. It is now past 
active service but still stands on the premises as 



.. souvenir of those 'lark days. Soon after their 
arrival in Illinois in the early morning the We&t 
children had their first sight of a colored person. 
He was in the house only long enough for his meals 
and was on the alert every moment as this was his 
- cond attempt to escape. During the day he hid 
in tin- cornfields anil slept in the barn at night. 
Finally Mr. West took bis wagon and put in some 
ags o it, covering them up, with the negro 

hidden somewhere in the load, started for the next 
station near St. Charles. On the way he was 
stopped and asked to see what he had in his load, 
lie told them that was his business and whipped 
up his horse, soon turned in a new road and heard 
nothing more from the man following him. A 
man, woman and three small children were brought 
Tlie children were kept upstairs most of 
tin- time The bahy was taken sick, however, and 
the children were sen! down stairs t<, stay in the 
kitchen. Thej were rather unruly Inn seemed t" 
be in mortal fear. If they -aw any one ap- 
proach the liouse they would ask if they were after 
and if they were told ye.-, they would fly 
under the bed quick as a flash and remain as quiel 
a- mice. After that Mr-. West knew how t" man- 
age them. They were taken on a- soon as possible. 
Mr. Wesl had no trouble conveying In- passengers 
to tin station beyond him hut could not always 
trace them to their journey's end — Canada. Once 
there were seven grown men brought there ami Mr. 
Wes1 was away from home. They hid through the 
day inn Mr-. West got a little nervous over so 
many and -tailed ber -on off with them about mid- 
night, reaching the next station before daylight, 
and from there they were passed on. One negro 
told how he rubbed onions on the bottom id' his 
shoes to fool the hounds hut this had to he re- 
peated many times in order to break the scent. 
Often they would wade in streams for a mile or 
more. or. if possible, steal a mule and ride for some 
distance. All this tended to baffle the dogs in 
pursuit. Once the presence oi two runaways hid 
fair to make it more than usually interesting for 
Mr. West, a- a southern sheriff was on his trail and 
the pursuit was active and determined. One day 
the sheriff appeared in Sycamore and posted a 
bill, describing the two slaves, and upon it was an 
ten thousand dollars for their apprehen- 
sion. II. came to the house and questioned Mr. 
West verv closelv hut he had grown skillful in giv- 

ing evasive answers if he chose and the man went 
away no wiser than when he came. Later the men 
were taken on. It can he stated at this time that 
prominent men of Sycamore were anxious to re- 
ceive part of the ten thousand dollars reward of- 

i and tried in every way possible to assist in 
the capture of the two valuable negroes, but upon 
being informed by Sylvanus Holcomb that Deacon 
West was skillful with a rifle and could hit the eye 
of a deer at long range, they thought best to re- 
turn r<> Syeammv and give up the matter of secur- 
ing the ten thousand dollars for the capture of 
the negroes. Strange a- it seems to us now nine- 
tenths of the people of DeKalb county in the early 
'50s were opposed to the plan of the underground 
railway. Once in the early '50s two negroes ap- 
peared at the home of Mr. Dey< f South Grove, 

who was a well-known conductor on tin- under- 
ground railway and he thought best nut to he 
caught in tran-porting slaves to Canada, so he 
secured the services of his hired man. Mr. James 
Pureed, now a resident of South Grove, and somi 

during the night started him for the home oi 
Joshua Townsend, of Mayfield, with these direc- 
tions. "Look neither to the right nor to the left. 
It,, n,,t look behind you or you will become a pillar 
salt, inn drive directly to Joshua Townsend's 
house and hack up to his cellar door." Appearing 
there -nine time after midnight he found Mr. 
Townsend awaiting him according to the directions 
of Mr. he.,-,,, and the load wa- taken out and hid- 
den in the cellar and Mr. Purcell invited to break- 
fast. At another time Mr. Deyeo sent Mr. Ed. 
Becker, now a resident of South drove, to the 
of William Nickerson with runaway negroi - 
to I" -in on to the station near St. Charles. In 
the city of Chicago a Dr. Dyer was a well-known 
conductor of the underground railway and he was 
attacked by an assistant United States marshal. 
and a bloody battle ensued on In- doorstep. Dr. 
Dyer was wounded but he killed the officer and 
wounded another. Excitement ran high hut the 

ment by tin- time had grown rapidly in favor 
of anti-slavery and he escaped without punish- 
ment. Many of the negro men and women that 
appeared at the homes of these abolitionists in 
DeKalb county were covered with stripes from 
head to foot and had suffered untold agonies in 

ry. After the publishing of Fncle Tom's 
Cabin, bv Harriet P>eecher Stowe. anti-slavery -en- 








timent grew apace and perhaps more than any 
other factor this book secured the organization of a 
party that was opposed to the further extension of 
that relic of barbarism — slavery. 

On another occasion seven fugitives, man. wife, 
and children, came to the house of Deacon Wesl 
when he was away. Mrs. West felt some hesi- 
tancy in taking them in in the absence of her 
husband, but the children urged her to do so. 
They found one of the seven a white girl. At 
supper time the old folks were allowed to eat first 
and the pretty white girl and the children had to 
wait with the other members of the family. Sup- 
per over, the problem arose as to how the)- would 
keep so large a number, but by making beds on 
the floor all were cornfortablv entertained for the 
night. Morning came, but .Mr. West did not, and 
-lie sent her >nii over to Deacon Kellogg, who was 
also friendly to the cause, and told him how they 
were situated. He said he would lei his eldest 
son go and take his team and .Mr. West's wagon, 
so the seven were loaded up and started for the 
next station near St. Charles, reaching Dr. Bart- 
lett's soon after midnight and went to the door 
and knocked. He came and asked what was 
wanted and was told that he had seven fugitives. 
Mr. Bartlett said that he understood they were 
coming and had made provision for them. After 
putting up the team he remained all night at the 
home of Mr. Bartlett, who took the party on to 
Chicago, where thev were placed on a boat and 
taken to Canada. About a year later a letter was 
received from the young lady, who was then aboul 
twenty years old. In the meantime she had 
learned to read and write quite intelligently. She 
said they were happy in their new Canadian home 
and could not thank us enough for helping them 
on their way to freedom. The exact date cannot 
be remembered, but it was sometime in the early 
'50s. In Mayfield, where a branch of the Wes- 
levan church had been organized, one of whose car- 
dinal principles it was to oppose slavery, there was 
a large settlement that gave much time and 
energy in the assistance of slaves on their way to 
Canada. These abolitionists advocated emancipa- 
tion of slavery when ministers behind pulpits 
denounced it. On one occasion Ira Nichols, a 
pioneer of Mayfield, was on his way to St. Charles 
with a load of grain, among the sacks of which 
was packed a negro about twenty-five years of 

age. Mn the streets of Sycamore was the owner 

with the deputy United State- marshal offering a 
reward of live hundred dollars for any one who 
would apprehend the slave and restore him to his 
master. Members of the two old political parties 
held freesoilers in contempt for many years, and 
some of them sneeringly said when they passed 
the Brush Point settlemenl that they rode 
through it as quickly as possible to escape the smell 
of tln> negro. This kept up and in fact grew in ef- 
fectiveness until the war broke out in 1861. After 
that time no attempts were made by slave owners 
te follow their escaped slaves into northern terri- 
tory and the emancipation proclamation which 
has been mentioned in the beginning of this ar- 
ticle rather closes the business of the underground 



H. A. Hough, on May 31, 1854, in the first 
paper issued to the people of the county, makes 
a salutatory address to his prospective patrons, but 
so far as county news is concerned we find but 
very little has been given. In it we find some news 
of congress, some mi the Kansas and Nebraska bill 
and foreign news galore, lint so little of county 
news that the paper is not so valuable as one 
might think. The county was then nineteen years 
old and many of the old settlers were still alive, 
and had the local news been given as fully as 
now we might have considerable that would be 
of interest. There are many topics of a moral 
nature, some of the subjects being Our Home, 
Solitude. Early Death, Sabbath Reflections, etc. 

In the Sentinel of June 21st the opening of 
the Japanese ports by Commodore Perry is given 
and a whole column is devoted to the circumstances 
attending the Japanese treaty. Little did that in- 
dividual think that in less than fifty years Japan 
would rise to be of world power. In one of the 
issues flax culture is encouraged and from the 
latter '50s until the prairie sod was generally sub- 
dued flax became quite a profitable crop. 

In the early '50s cholera swept through the Mis- 
sissippi vallev and in some localities many deaths 
occurred from that terrible disease. As the coun- 



try became older and better settled so many of 
the contagious diseases that were so common in 
the early '50s are practically unknown. In 1851 
the Sentinel makes mention of the seventeen- 
year locusts, which came in large numbers and 
destroyed considerable vegetation. 

The Fourth of July celebration of 1854 was a 
memorable occasion. We nf Revolutionary 
soldiers and 1812 soldiers being invited to join 
the procession, but as no list of those invited ap- 
pear* we presume that in 1854 the Revolutionary 
soldiers bad stopped marching in every part of 
the Union. A number of toasts were responded 
to l>> some of the Leading citizens of Sycamore 
and an address was made by John A. Bross, a 
prominent republican politician of Chicago. A 
grand banquel was spread and several hundred 
sat d"\\ n to partake of the repast. 

In an article of August L7th the editor, II. A. 
Hough, made a pilgrimage to the south part of 
the county. Passing through Cortland be speaks 
of n as a place destined al no distant date to 
make a thriving town. He speaks in glowing 
terms of Somonauk, which at that time contained 
a depol and perhaps fifteen or twenty houses, and 
also mentions a new church thai is Well under 
way. In passing through Victor and Paw Paw 
he speaks of the fine farm- and the good agri 

cultural eondil - oi the county. When arriving 

al Paw Paw, presumedly East Paw Paw. he speaks 
of several stores, two hotels and shops and from 

there returns by way of Shabl a Grove, which 

he mentions as a thriving village. T. J. Carney, 
id' Sycamore, was pastor of the Universalis! 
church, and in the i>sue of August, 1854, makes 
an attack upon Spiritualism, which at thai time 
seems to have many adherents. The wife of T. 
.1. Carney was the author .if the famous poem, 
••Little drops of water, little grains of sand." 

lion. Joshua R. Giddings, of Ohio, one of the 
leaders of the anti-slaver: element, delivered an 
Address at the Anti-Nebraska convention, which 
lias been alluded to in another part of this work. 
Mr. Gidding's oration was listened to with a 
great deal of interest. Dr. Madden, of Mayfield, 
presided over the meeting and introduced the 
speaker. This meeting marks the organization of 
the republican party. Stephen A. Douglas de- 
livered an address to his political adherents in 
this city in August, 185 1. Thus this section of 
i he -late early became the political battle-ground 

of Illinois. In the issue of September, 1854, a 
number of extracts are given from the address. 
His article on the know nothing and the republic- 
an parties is interesting reading at this late date. 
The address was delivered in the old courthouse. 
Later in the year of 1854 the editor resumes his 
pilgrimage about the county and visits Genoa, 
which he describes as a truly delightful spot on 
the face of this earth. .Speaks of it as being lo- 
cated in the east part of the grove near the Kish- 
wankee. There are twenty dwelling houses in 
the village, one nice church, which was built this 

year, three dry g Is stores conducted by W. H. 

Allen. Israel Dowd and Ball Brothers, two black- 
smith shops, one carriage and wagon shop, one 
|i;uni shop, two hoot and shoe shops and two ho- 
tel* conducted by II. N. Perkins and II. Durham, 
one broker's office and one sawmill, which was no 
doiihi located just west of the village on the Kish- 
waukee, and >avs it has a population id' about one 
hundred. The shipments of grain from Genoa 
that year he gives at thirty thousand bushels. 

At the democratic congressional convention of 
is:, i linn. Edward L. Mayo, of Sycamore, was 
nominated for congress. .Tames II. "Woodworth 
m;i- nominated by the republicans as a candidate 
of congress ami Etoberl S. Blackwell was the can- 
didate of the whig part}-. H. C. Beard, afterward 
county superintendent id' schools, was nominated 
by the whig party for representative. Charles 0. 
1'xiyntoli. of Sycamore, was secretary of the whig 
convention. He afterward became prominent in 
the democratic party. The election of 1S51. while 
an oil' year election, was one of considerable in- 
terest. W Iworih carried the county for congress 

by aboul lifteen hundred plurality. The whig 
part} made a very poor showing and disappeared 
from the political arena entirely. On November 
30 Editor Hough issues a letter to his patrons 
and to the people of De Kalb county in general 
appealing for support. He states that "his ex- 
penses have been six hundred and ninety-six dol- 
lars and ninety-nine cent-, and his receipts four 
hundred and three dollars and fifty-seven cents, 
leaving us out of pocket in cash two hundred 
and ninety-three dollars and forty-two cents. Thus 
it will lie Been that we have worked for glory and 
are out two hundred and ninety-three dollars and 
forty-two cents for honors. Now. we have worked 
for glory so long that it comes perfectly natural, 
but the latter statement, to say the least, is a 



doubtfu] one. With our books no one has any 
business and we shall not at this time make an 
exhibit of them, but if the above facts produce 
nervousness in any of our creditors we hope they 
will call and pay their bills. We are prepared to 
meet all demands." At this time, however, about 
seven hundred dollars was due Editor Hough and 
this it took a long time to collect. Thus it will be 
seen that the newspapers of the county today pay 
far better than the pioneers in this field of the 
early '50s. The editor again takes up his little 
journeys over the county and visits De Kalb 
Center, which changed its name from Buena Yista. 
He speaks of the prosperity of that village, says 
it has about four hundred people, a large steam 
mill and a number of stores and mentions quite 
a number of the business men of that time, such 
as B. M. Dayton, A. II. Cartwright, Eeuben Hi- 
land. Appleby. Love. (i. A. Colton and Dr. Hy- 
slop. In describing the chief parts of the county 
he does not neglect his home city, mentions three 
churches, the pastor of the Congregational being 
Eev. Darius Gore ; Methodist. Rev. D. L. Window, 
and the Universalist church, built the past season, 
pastor Eev. T. J. Carney. The latter church is 
to be dedicated January 11. 1854. A brick school- 
house has been erected, which is the best one in 
this locality, two brick blocks have been erected, 
a brick tavern, several dry goods stores, a drug 
store and three taverns, being kept by Messrs. W. 
M. Maxfield. A. Edson and Wadsworth. A car- 
riage and wagon shop is kept by Cobb and Pres- 
ton, and there is also a blacksmith shop, shingle 
factory, meat market and seven lawyers' offices. 

The paper was not published regularly, as an 
editorial statement will show, for one day while 
they were getting the machinery ready expecting 
to print the paper another eastern mail arrived 
with news from the seat of war. Crimea, and 
news from Washington, and the machinery was 
stopped, additional matter put in type and the 
paper issued. A lecture was delivered by Judge 
Depp, of Virginia, which created considerable ex- 
citement. Judge Depp had been a slave and had 
become free, was well educated and a speaker of 
considerable force and his story gave quite an im- 
petus to the anti-slavery cause in this locality. It 
was thought by many that he was the equal of 
Fred Douglas. 

The year I860 was a notable one in the his- 
torv of De Kalb countv. The years from 1857 to 

1859 had been one of depression. Added to these 
difficulties the weather had been unpropitious. 
The year 1858 had been one of flood and rain, 
while 1859 was a year of great drought. In the 
year of 1860 spring opened unusually early. Wheat 
was sown as early as February. The drought of 
i lie previous year had drawn the moisture of the 
subsoil to the surface from an unusual depth and 
with the fructifying substance held there in so- 
lution seemed to have covered the whole county 
with a coating of fertilizer. The average yield of 
wheat, corn, oats, flax, hay and barley was un- 
precedented. Even to this day the year 1860 is 
known as the year of the great crop. Fruit and 
vegetables were also produced in great abundance. 
It seemed to be a year of general prosperity and 
during the early autumn crops were marketed at 
prices that were unusually high and the farmers 
who had been debt ridden for years began to feel 
great relief. During the year 1860 was one of 
great political excitement. In 1856 the first real 
opposition to the slave power from a political 
standpoint took form and eleven states of the 
Union registered their disapproval of the exten- 
sion of slave power. The political excitement of 

1860 was even greater than that of 1840 and much 
more was at stake for the nation. Political meet- 
ings were held early in the season and continued 
at almost every sehoolhouse and public place gath- 
ering during the fall. The republicans were or- 
ganized into a body known as the wide-awakes and 
the democrats into an organization known as the 
Douglas enthusiasts. One of the most notable 
gatherings that ever occurred in this county was 
the political meeting held at De Kalb. when Cas- 
sius M. Clay, of Kentucky: Isaac N. Arnold, of 
Chicago, who was at that time congressman from 
this district: John F. Farnsworth, and many other 
eminent speakers wen' present. An ox was roasted 
at this meeting and distributed free to the attend- 
ants. The wide-awakes in uniformed political 
body with torches and banners attended in large 
numbers, nearly half of the young men in the 
county being members of this organization. Peo- 
ple came from other counties and it has been es- 
timated that thirty thousand attended. It is sate 
to say that no gathering has been held in this 
county -nice that equalled this in size and enthusi- 

The vote in De Kalb county on the presidential 
election of I860 was the largest ever polled up to 



this date. De Kalb count}- gave Lincoln three 
thousand and forty-nine rotes; Douglas, nine hun- 
dred and fifty. The republican party nomination 
was by this time considered equivalent to an elec- 
tion and 1800 marked the first strife for republic- 
an nomination. The candidates for recorder this 
year were Mr. J. H. Beveridge, who had filled 
the office eight years; Silas Tappan. of Squaw 
Grove; Roswell Dow, of Sycamore, and C. M. 
Brown, of Sycamore. ('. M. Brown was the suc- 
cessful nominee. Thomas S. Terry, of Shabbona, 
was chosen representative ; Baldwin Woodruff, of 
Clinton, sheriff; Lorenzo Whittemore, coroner. 
At this election four thousand and nine votes were 
given in favor of a convention to form a new 

The census of \>''<" gave the different towns of 

the county a population of over nineteen thou- 
sand, distributed as follows: Genoa, one thou- 
sand: Kingston, one thousand and sixty: Franklin. 
nine hundred and forty-three; South Grove, sev- 
en hundred and eighty-seven; Mayfield, one thou- 
sand and forty: Sycamore, two thousand two hun- 
dred and eighty; Pampas, one thousand three 
hundred and ten: Malta, six hundred and twenty; 
Milan, two hundred and sixty-three; Afton, five 
hundred and forty-five; Pierce, nine hundred and 
fifty: Squaw Grove, eigb.1 hundred; Clinton, nine 
hundred and ninety-seven: Shabbona, nine hun- 
dred and sixty-three: Paw Paw. one thousand one 
hundred and seven; Victor, seven hundred and 
sixty-six; Somonauk, two thousand two hundred 
and forty: De Kalb. one thousand nine hundred. 
The year 1865 was one of general gloom. The 
war. which many supposed would be of short dura- 
tion, had assumed immense proportions and battles 
larger than ever had been fought on this conti- 
nent were transpiring almost weekly. Thousands 
upon thousands had lost their lives, or had been 
crippled, and added to this, the beginning of the 
year 1862 the Union army had gained no decided 
advantage. The calls for troops came in rapid 
succession to fill up the depleted ranks of our de- 
feated armies and up to this time the response was 
generous and prompt. Those enlisting in the 
Western Army had won some battles that had a 
telling effect upon the rebellion, such as Fort 
Donelson, Shiloh. Island No. 10 and the capture 
of Nashville. The call for troops this year came 
in the midst of the busy labors of the harvest field 

and eight hundred of the best young men of the 
countv enrolled themselves on the roster of the 
army. In October of this year a total of eleven 
hundred and thirty-three men was enlisted from 
this county. An enrollment made at this time 
with reference to those subject to draft showed 
that only thirty-three hundred remained who were 
able to do military duty. The enlistments so far 
were distributed as follows: 

Number Number 

enrolled. io service. 

Genoa 146 90 

Shabbona 257 123 

Paw Paw 2S2 114 

Somonauk 624 234 

Clinton 250 93 

Squaw Grove 253 97 

imore 574 179 

Franklin 208 64 

Malta 219 64 

Milan 96 27 

Mayfield 203 58 

South l,rn U . 213 58 

Kingston 258 73 

D. Kalb 429 107 

Pampas 383 88 

Victor 201 43 

Pierce 221 41 

\ii.n 120 16 

The total number of bounties paid from the 
county treasury this year was three thousand four 
hundred and sixty-six. The assessment made in 
1862 placed the total value of property in De 
Kalb county at two million seven hundred and 
twelve thousand dollars, of which one million, nine 
hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars was in 
farms, one hundred and ninety thousand dollars 
in town property, a little more than a half million 
in personal property. The actual value of the 
last class was probably ten times and of the for- 
mer classes five times the amount for which they 
were assessed. The returns show that there were 
ten thousand seven hundred and thirty-four 
horses, twenty-four thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-four cattle, sixteen thousand and twenty 
hogs, five thousand and ninety-two sheep and one 
hundred and thirty-eight mules owned in the 
county. It gave a comparative idea of the wealth 
,n the present tune. The money deposited in one 
of the half dozen hanks in De Kalb county at the 
present time is as much as the assessed valuation 
of personal property in 1862. 

In 1861 the Douglas democrats and republican? 
had formed a union ticket, the republicans, al- 
though four to one. giving the democrats half the 
candidates Dominated in the convention. The No- 



vember elections of 1862 were fought out under 
part.v organizations. A reaction had set in and 
the opponents of the war were making themselves 

W. W. Sedgwick was chosen a member of the 
legislature, Henry Safford was made sheriff and 
Jacob R. Crossett, coroner. At the autumn ses- 
sion of the board of supervisors the claim of the 
county against the United States, under the 
swamp-land grant, was offered at auction. "W. 
T. Kirk offered fifteen hundred dollars, A. K. 
Stiles offered nineteen hundred and twenty- 
five dollars, Reuben Ellwood offered two 
thousand and twenty dollars, W. J. limit 
offered two thousand and forty-five dol- 
lars and Benjamin Page two thousand and 
fifty dollars, all upon credit. R. Ellwood then 
amended his bid to two thousand and twenty dol- 
lars cash, and it was struck off to him. Five 
supervisors voted against the proposition to sell 
and their written protest against it was recorded. 
They were Messrs. C. Winne, R. M. Pritchard, T. 
J. yandevere, G. W. Culver and S. Denton. Soon 
after it was reported that injustice had been done 
to the county by this sale and the board was called 
together for an investigation. A committee of the 
board presented an elaborate report, giving the 
full history of the swamp-land matter, which was 
to the following effect: 

They report that in 1852 John L. Beveridge had 
been appointed drainage commissioner, with author- 
ity to drain and sell the swamp-lands, but that he 
was soon after succeeded by William Pordham. By 
April, 1853, Mr. Lamb, the county surveyor, had 
selected as swamp-lands thirty-one thousand one 
hundred and fifty-three acres, but none of these 
lands had been conveyed to the county until 1858, 
when only five thousand, seven hundred and forty- 
one acres were conveyed, the' remainder, about 
twenty-five thousand acres, having meanwhile 
been sold by the United States to individuals. The 
policy of the United States in regard to lands 
selected as swamp-lands, but which it had thus 
sold, was to return to the county the money paid 
in cases in which money had been used in paying 
for these lands and to give land warrants in cases 
in which the lands had been paid for in warrants. 
The United States had accordingly paid into the 
state treasury for the benefit of this county six 
thousand seven hundred and eighty-six dollars in 

money and a claim for about twenty thousand 
acres in land warrants. 

Mr. Ellwood had gone to Springfield immedi- 
ately after the sale by the county and had drawn 
six thousand five hundred and forty-three dollars 
and nineteen cents in money. The land warrants 
had not yet been received. Messrs. Kirk and 
Stiles testified before the committee that they did 
not know that the money was at Springfield at 
the time of the sale. Mr. Ellwood testified that 
he did not know that it was, but supposed that it 
was or would be soon. He supposed, however, that 
it was a smaller amount. He offered to re-eonvey 
all the land warrants to the county if it would 
pay the expenses of the trip he had made to 
Washington to procure them. 

For the land sold by Fordham nothing had 
been paid into the treasury. He had removed 
from the county in 1855, but reported that he 
had received from the sale of these lands four- 
teen thousand five hundred and seventy-eight dol- 
lars and eighteen cents; that he charged for his 
services three thousand four hundred and fortv- 
three dollars, and had paid for ditching six thou- 
sand dollars, leaving five thousand dollars in his 
hands. The committee thought that very little 
of this ditching was ever done. He had soia for 
the county eight thousand seven hundred and thir- 
ty-one acres, a. large proportion of which was land 
subsequently sold by the United States to individ- 
uals. Upon such sales the county had been com- 
pelled to refund to those who purchased from it, 
and already raised by taxation and paid over six 
thousand dollars for this purpose. The county 
had commenced suit against Fordham" s bondsmen, 
but had settled it for thirteen hundred dollars. 

Thus this rich heritage intended for the benefit 
of the county, and which, had it been retained 
and wisely managed, would not have been worth 
more than half a million dollars, had really cost 
the county several thousands of dollars more than 
it had received from it, 

The year 1863 whs pecuniarily a prosperous 
season for De Kalb county. It had been drained 
of a large proportion of its population and by 
this time nearly two thousand men from this 
county were under arms and some farms lay 
waste and unfilled for want of men to work them. 
Yet the days of stump tail currency had passed 
and the country had been put upon a firm finan- 
cial basis. 



The tai'itl' bill which was enacted was furnish- 
ing considerable revenue and wise national legis- 
lation had brought the currency up to a higher 
standard. In 1S01 many of the banks of issue 
were in the southern states and soon failed, leaving 
the bank currency in possession of the owner abso- 
lutely worthless. The newspapers tried to post 
their customers as to the solvency of certain banks, 
but they failed with such rapidity that it was im- 
possible to do so. Many a farmer came to town 
with stump tail currency in his pocket to pav for 
produce, finding his money absolutely worthless, 
but in 1863 the necessities of war had made a 
market for the productions of the farmer and 
higher prices were received than ever before. The 
soldiers' bounties, the county indebtedness and 
private indebtedness was paid for with consider- 
able rapidity. 

This year the board of supervisors made an 
appropriation of four thousand five hundred dol- 
lars for the construction of an extensive fire- 
proof addition to the courthouse. Notwithstand- 
ing the demands made upon the people by the 
great rebellion improvements thai were more sub- 
stantial than had been made heretofore were con- 
summated. De Kalh built an excellent graded 
school building of brick, which at that time was 
the best building of its kind in the county. Syca- 
more built a large wooden building in 1863, which 
still remains ami i- used as a grade building. 

All over the county churches had been built, 
hedges bad been planted and orchards were in 
bearing and it is safe to state that on prairie land 
of this county in 1863 there were more trees than 
at the present time. In 1863 six hundred thou- 
sand more troops were called out by the president 
for various terms of sen ice and although it seemed 
impossible that so many could be raised by vol- 
untary effort, yet this county tilled Iter quota and 
still remained free from the terrors of the draft. 

The board of supervisors offered a bounty of 
one hundred dollars to each recruit from this 
county and appropriated twenty-five dollars for 
each family of absent soldiers requiring it. Cap- 
tain E. A. Smith, who was wounded in the sieg 
of Vicksburg and lost an arm ami was wounded 
in the leg, received an honorable discharge for 
disability and returned to his home in Cortland. 
This year both parties resolved upon the union and 
a convention was called under the head of the re- 
publican union convention. There were sharp con- 

tests for the nomination of county treasurer. Mr. 
William C. Tappan. of South Grove, was chosen 
on the sixth ballot. Some of the friends of Cap- 
tain R. A. Smith, who was a candidate for the 
same position, believed that he had not received a 
square deal. E. A. Smith came out as an inde- 
pendent candidate and was elected by a vote of 
two to one over the regular nominee. He was 
afterward re-elected and served in that position 
for eight years. Hiram C. Beard, of Victor, who 
had been a pioneer school teacher in different 
parts of the county, was this year chosen as school 
commissioner, lie was a man of considerable 
ability and many regarded him as an able super- 
visor of schools. 1). W. Lamb was elected county 
treasurer. The county indebtedness this year for 
all purposes was fifty thousand dollars. The jur- 
isdiction of the county court, which had previously 
extended only to probate matters, was this year 
enlarged, so as to give it authority to try civil suits 
as in the circuit court. In place of the allowance 
hitherto paid the judge he was now remunerated 
with a salary which was fixed at one hundred dol- 
lar- per annum. 

The high prices paid for sugars and syrups had 
at this time greatly stimulated the culture of the 
sorghum plant, then a new discovery, and large 
steam factories for the manufacture of sugar and 
syrup were established at Sycamore and Sand- 
wich. Small portable machines were in operation 
in various portions of the county. Isaac Christ- 
man, an indefatigable worker and pioneer of this 
branch of manufacture, had several mills in opera- 

The year 1864 came in with a storm more ter- 
rible in its fury than the oldest inhabitant bad 
ever known. This has since been known as the 
cold New Years all over the northern part of the 
United States. Heavy, lowering black clouds 
seemed to descend in a mass to the earth in 
prodigious drifts of snow, which were driven with 
great force l>\ a powerful south wind. The coun- 
try was buried beneath these drifts and the mur- 
cury sank to forty degrees blow zero. The severit) 
of the cold was intensified by a fierce gale, which 
blew for three days with great fury. Many per- 
son- were frozen to death and it must be remem- 
bered that the home- of that time were not warm 
and comfortable as at present. Many horses, (at- 
tic and bogs perished. Tin- commodious barns of 



the present day had not been built and the young 
cattle were allowed to run out all winter and their 
only protection was the straw slacks or in some 
cases growth of timber. More than half the fowls 
in the county w r ere frozen. The railroad was 
blocked up and multitudes of passengers were com- 
pelled to remain in the cars for several days. 
Thousands of animals in the course of transporta- 
tion upon stock trains perished and were brought 
to market a stiff, stark frozen mass. Xone who 
lived through that fearful storm can ever forget 
its terrors. 

This year an extensive fire at Sandwich de- 
stroyed several warehouses and other buildings, 
creating a heavy loss. A favorite shade tree in 
this county had always been the rapidly growing 
locust and thousands of acres of them had been 
planted for timber and as screens from the fierce 
winds of the prairie. During this year they were 
i lest roved by a species of borer, which left hardly 
one tree alive in the country. 

The rapid rise in gold caused by the immense 
issues of bills required by the necessities of the 
government this year caused an equally rapid ap- 
preciation in value in all kinds of property. Money 
was plenty, trade was lively and every one seemed 
to be growing wealthy. Gold rose during the year 
to two dollars and forty cents, wheat sold at two 
dollars, corn at a dollar and twenty cents and 
barley at one dollar and ninety cents per bushel. 
Those in trade rapidly made money by the inevita- 
ble rise in value of everything they purchased and 
large numbers, attracted by the profits of trade, 
moved into the villages and filled every department 
of business. The wheat crop this season, however, 
was a failure. It was destroyed by the chinch bug. 
Tn February the president made a call for two 
hundred thousand troops for a term of three years, 
or during the war. In April came a demand for 
three hundred thousand more for one hundred 
days. The supervisors met and extended the 
bounty of one hundred dollars to all who should 
enlist upon the first call and offered thirty-five 
dollars to those who went upon the second. Two 
or three companies were raised for the latter term 
of service and were soon garrisoning the forts and 
guarding the communications in the rear of our 
great armies of veterans, now marching under 
General Sherman upon Richmond and Atlanta. 
The repeated calls for volunteers had exhausted 

the supply and in the autumn of 1864 the long 

threatened draft came upon some of the towns of 
the county. 

An enrollment was made and the official state- 
ment gives its results : 

Towns. Quota. Credits. Deficit. 

Pampas Us 101 17 

Shabbona 122 93 29 

Milan 37 31 6 

Malta 86 72 14 

South Grove !)4 76 is 

Franklin 90 75 15 

Kingston 100 70 30 

Mavfield 93 76 17 

De Kalb 196 192 4 

Afton si 66 15 

Clinton 102 84 IS 

Victor 87 79 

Somonauk 265 248 17 

Squaw Grove 86 64 L9 

Pierce 92 75 17 

Paw Paw 124 110 14 

Sycamore 250 291 

Genoa 100 85 15 

2,123 1,888 273 

The people of Sycamore found to their sur- 
prise that their town was credited with forty-one 
more men than their quota required. This was 
probably due to the fact that early in the war 
men from other towns recorded their names as 
coming from that town, thus unwittingly defeat- 
ing their own towns of the proper credit. This 
created a great deal of complaint and a con- 
vention of the county was held at Cortland to 
endeavor to devise some means to right the wrong, 
but nothing of any avail could be done. In some 
of the towns meetings were called by town offi- 
cers, at which large sums of money were voted as 
a tax mi the property of the town, it being under- 
stood that the next legislature would legalize these 
irregular taxes. Money was advanced by citizens 
upon these promises and by offering large bounties 
recruits were procured and the draft averted, but 
in others the conscription came and fell with great 
severity upon many citizens. Tt singled out many 
men whose absence would leave their families des- 
titute and dependent and who in some cases were 
obliged to pay a thousand dollars to secure sub- 
stitutes, but most of the drafted men went willing- 
ly and served most faithfully. 

At the election in the autumn General F. W. 
Partridge was elected circuit clerk and recorder: 
T. V. Randall, of De Kalb, representative to the 
legislature; and TT. A. Joslyn, of Sycamore, sheriff. 
James H. BeVeridge was elected state treasurer — 
the first person ever elected from the county to 



anv public office whose duties were not exercised 
entirely in the county. The county this year gave 
Abraham Lincoln two thousand nine hundred and 
eighty-five votes for re-election and seven hundred 
and forty-one for General George B. McClellan. 

The Union League, a secret political organiza- 
tii.n. established lodges in most of the towns of 
the county and held frequent meetings. The char- 
ter of the Union League of America, of Paw Paw 
council, Xo. 520, reads as follows: "To all to 
whom these presents shall come, know ye that we 
the grand council of the Union League of Amer- 
ica, for the state of Illinois, do grant unto Robert 
Hampton. William P. Hampton. John B. Hyde, 
Jesse Cory. n. M. Boardman, D. D. McGibbeny 
and X. n. Powers ami their associates of this 
charter constituting them a council to be known 
as the Paw Paw Xo. 520. U. L. A., to be located 
at Paw Paw. in the county of De Kalb, state of 
Illinois. Know ye. therefore, that this charter 
gives them and their associates that may become 
regular members of this League full power to re- 
ceive male citizens over eighteen years of age and 
initiate and instruct them in the work of the Union 
League of America on such rules and terms as the 
constitution of the League will permit. Also gives 
them full power to make sucb by-laws as they can 
agree upon, provided they do not conflict with 
the constitutions and rules of the grand council. 
Also gives them full power to elect such officers 
as they think worthy and suitable for the good 
of the League. Also gives them full power to send 
delegates to this grand council as provided in the 
constitution of the same and gives them full power 
to perform all the duties of the council of the 
Union League of America, while they conform 
to the by-laws and rules of the League. 

"In witness whereof we have caused this charter 
to be signed by the errand president and grand 
secretary of the Union League of America of Illi- 
nois and the seal of the errand council aforesaid 
to he affixed thereto, this 29th day of April. A. D.. 
1863. Signed Mark Banks, srrand president: 
George H. Harlan, grand secretary." 

It will lie noticed that the real purposes of the 
League are not set forth in their charter, hut they 
de\ ised means for the support of the trovernment 
by aiding in the enlistment of officers and ^up- 
porting such measures in political affairs as in 
their judgment gave tic- greatest security to the 

Onion cause. It is not necessary to state that an 
organization of this character met with consider- 
alili (i]ipn>itiou, hui in "in' i ountj especially thej 
performed a great work. 

A great deal of excitement was caused this year 
against the railroad companies because of the 
high prices of freight and a vicious system of 
warehousing and grain inspection. A convention 
was held at De Kalb on the subject and a commit- 
tee sent to confer with the companies. Some un- 
important concessions were made to the demands 
of the public. Captain J. M. Hood, of Sycamore, 
was appointed United States consul to Siam — the 
first foreign appointment received by a citizen of 
tlii- county. 

During the winter of 1864-5 a bill for the re- 
in. !\;il of the count} seat from Sycamore to De 
Kalb was introduced into the state legislature by 
Mr. Randall, of De Kalb. A committee of the 
citizens of Sycamore immediately went to Spring- 
field and endeavored to defeat its passage. The 
number of names upon the petition to its passage 
and the remonstrance against it was greater than 
the number oi raters in the county and many 
names wi re those of persons who had been dead 
for many years. After an exciting discussion of 
the committee to whom the bill was referred they 
reported againsl its passage and the opponents of 
the measure returned home. The bill was sub- 
sequently, however, taken up by the house and 
passed to a third reading but it was defeated in the 

Tn 1865 another call for troops was made and 
shows the following : Afton fifteen ; Clinton twen- 
ty ; De Kalb twenty-seven; Franklin sixteen: Ge- 
noa sixteen : Kingston fourteen: Mayfield thirteen; 
Milan three: Malta seven; Pampas twenty-three; 
Paw Paw twenty-six: Pierce seventeen; Sycamore 
one; Smith Grove sixteen: Squaw Grove nine- 
teen; Somonauk forty-six; Shabbona twenty-two: 
Victor seventeen. Most of the towns since the 
rail was made had partially filled their numbers 
by enlistments of citizens and raised funds by tax- 
ation to produce substitutes in the cities and else- 
where. Sycamore had raised money and put into 
the service twelve men. which was eleven more 
than its quota. From four hundred to six hun- 
dred dollars was usually paid each recruit. In 
ral towns, however, a draft became necessary 
and some of the drafted men paid nearly one 


\ . rT , 

DK KALM AI'.OUT lsiio. 



thousand dollars for substitutes. To meet the ex- 
pense caused by taxation for procuring these men 
the taxes levied this year were enormous, the per- 
centage levied in several towns of the county for 
all purposes being as follows: Paw Paw ten 
per cent; Shabbona seven per cent; Milan six and 
a half per cent; Malta four and a half per cent; 
South Grove six and a half per cent ; Franklin five 
and a hall' per cent; Victor six and a half per 
cent; Clinton ten and a half per cent; Afton six 
per cent: De Kalb seven and a half per cent; May- 
field six per cent; Kingston six per cent; Somon- 
auk, seven per cent; Squaw Grove six and a half 
per cent; Pierce seven per cent; Cortland six and 
a half per cent; Sycamore eight and a half per 
cent; Genoa six per cent. 

Great relief was felt, however, as the war was 
expected to lie brought to a close speedilv. The 
Confederacy had been cut m two by the march of 
Sherman to the sea, at Savannah. Hood*s army 
bad been destroyed by the gallant boys under 
Genera] Thomas; Grant was holding Lee in death 
grasp at Richmond, and at last, in April the news 
that Richmond had fallen and the rebel army was 
flying in dismay, and later of the surrender of. 
Lee*s army was received by the people of the 
county with joy. How every heart rejoiced, how 
every eye brightened, how every household was 
gladdened by the delightful assurance that the 
most terrible of all wars was ended, and gloriously 
ended, that the last loyal son of De Kalb had fal- 
len by rebel bullets, that the husband, the father 
the son would soon be home again on a long, 
perpetual furlough, that the cankering fear of 
the lonely watchers at home, least lie should 
come shattered with wounds . or a mangled, loath- 
some corpse, had passed away forever. None can 
forget the glad rejoicing of that joyous occasion. 
Hundreds of the brave boys were among us again 
and were received with that glad welcome which 
their sufferings and sacrifices deserved. The to- 
tal of all men furnished by the different towns 
will be given in the township history and the losses 
from each town will lie given as far as can be ascer- 
tained. With the close of the rebellion came a fall 
in the value of gold and a consequent fall in the 
prices of farm products. "Wheat fell to seventy cents 
a bushel and this was a criterion of the value of 
other property. Crops were verv poor and the 
summer of 1865 was a wet season. There had 

been a drought in the spring but at harvest time 
(he Hoods poured down destroying large portions 
of the ripened grain and covering the country with 
a coating of slimy mud, so deep the reapers could 
not operate when tins was attempted in the inter- 
vals of the showers. The wet season continued 
during the fall. At the autumn elections there 
was no opposition for the election of county of- 
ficers: General Daniel Dustin as county clerk; 
Captain E. A. Smith as treasurer; M. V. Allen, 
a wounded soldier of the One Hundred and Fifth, 
as superintendent of schools; D. W. Lamb as 
surveyor. The only contest was between D. B. 
•lames and Hon. E. L. .Mayo. James winning by 
a small majority. 

Notwithstanding the great loss of life occasion- 
ed during the war the county showed a substantial 
increase in population. Sycamore, De Kalb and 
Somonauk having made the largest increase, the 
total population being twenty-one thousand, one 
hundred and sixty-eight. When the soldiers re- 
turned to their homes and devoted their energies 
to civil pursuits they gave new life to all branches 
of industries. Many of the newly returned veter- 
.ans crowded into villages and cities and filled to 
repletion every branch of trade. It was a year of 
general prosperity. In anticipation of a decrease 
in prices the people had prudently kept out of 
debt, paid cash for their purchases, foreseeing and 
preparing for a financial storm but all dangers 
from its effects were averted. Notwithstanding 
the great expenditures of the county during the 
war improvements in every line continued. 
Some of the elegant churches that remain to this 
day were built, notably, the Methodist Episcopal 
church at Sycamore, which was considered the 
finest house of worship in the county. This year 
two hundred Swedish emigrants from the land of 
their birth settled about the villages of De Kalb 
and Sycamore during the summer, Peter Johnson 
being tin' first Swedish settler in the county. They 
were a sober, industrious, peaceful, frugal race and 
considered a valuable addition to the population. 
The German population was considerably in- 
creased by emigrants from Germany, who settled 
in Genoa. Squaw Grove and other portions of the 
county. In August of this year a desolating hail 
storm swept through the northern and central por- 
tions of the county, beating every species of vege- 
tation into the earth. Farmers had commenced 



their harvesting, and with the exception of the 
grain which stood in the shock every acre was 
rendered utterly worthless. Thousands of acres 
of corn were beaten to bare stalks. Hail stones 
measuring six and seven inches in circumference 
fell in millions. Children were knocked senseless, 
pigs, fowls and birds were killed by hundreds. The 
loss was estimated at more than a quarter of a 
million. In the portions of the county where hail 
did not fall, drenching rains continued for several 
day- and threatened the destruction of the ripened 
grain. This year cholera appeared again in the 
United State- and was especially contagious in 
cities. Feu cases, however, were found in this 

The failure of the Sycamore Bank on the 2d of 
November, was the cause of a greal deal of embar- 
rassment to the people of northern l>e Kalb 
county. Hon. James II. Beveridge, its president, 
and William J. Hunt, its rice-president, with 
B. T. Hunt, its cashier, were the only stockhold- 
ers. The people had confidence in the honesty, 
skill and integrity of the two former, and all 
classes dealt Ereelj with the hank. But. upon the 
failure il was discovered that these men owned 
Km eighl shares in the institution, while the re- 
mainder was in the hands of E. T. Hunt, an ami- 
able young man of pleasanl manners, with whom 
people liked to do business but whose expensive 
habits and reckless management, together with a 
number of unfortunate spa illations, had sunk the 
capita] of the concern and brought it down to 
ruin. Mr. Beveridge had for three years been 
abseni at Springfield, in the performance of the 
duties of his office ii- state treasurer. A public 
meeting of the depositors appointed a committee 
to examine its affairs and thej made a full re- 
port. They reported its debts at ninety-five 
thousand dollars, and assets at less than ten thou- 
sand dollars. During the following year a settle- 
ment was made with its depositors, by which 
they received fifty per cenl of their claims. 

The elections of 1866 were held and practically 
no opposition appeared to the republican ticket. 
William Patten, of Somonauk, was chosen state 
senator: Robert Hampton, of Paw Paw. repre- 
sentative; Mortis ffolcomb, of Sycamore, sheriff: 
Lorenzo Whittemore, of Sycamore, coroner; and 
V. D. Miller, of De Kalb, surveyor. The total 
this year was three thousand, the smallest 

cast for many years. The assessors report for this 
year valued the taxable personal property of the 
county at seven hundred and fifty-four thousand, 
seven hundred and seventy-one dollars. The 
total value of all property being three million 
sixty-eight thousand dollar-. The county 
tax levied was seventy-six thousand, seven 
hundred and thirty-three dollars and the entire 
tax of the county for all purposes, including its 
indebtedness, was two hundred and eight thous- 
and and thirty dollars. The interest on this in- 
debtedness w^as paying ten per cent, as was also the 
interest on the indebtedness of the several town- 
ships. The township tax had never been so high 
and was not so high for many years afterwards, 
and it can he added that this tax, burdensome 
though it was. was more easily borne than would 
have been a tax of one hundredth that amount 
several years previous. 

A great many cases of destruction of sheep by 
wolves were reported and the supervisors increased 
the bounty to twenty dollars upon each animal 
killed, with the prudent proviso that as some had 
been detected in the profitable business of keeping 
tame wolves and raising them for the bounty, no 
claim- thus originated should be paid. 

The business interests of De Kalb county have 
always been to such an extenl agricultural in their 
character that upon the abundance of crops and 
enlargement of prices all of its pecuniary pros- 
perity has directly depended and no record of its 
history for 1867 would be complete without men- 
tion that this was the third and most fortunate 
of years of great prosperity among the fanner-, 
and consequently with all classes of population. 
With the opening of spring grain commanded 
the highesl prices ever known in the county, 
spring wheat readily selling at two dollars and 
seventy-five cents per bushel, which a few years 
previous had been a drug at fifty cents. Corn, 
which six years before had been burned for fuel, 
was now worth a dollar and twenty cents a 
bushel. Cattle and other farm products were 
equalh high. Beef, which five years before re- 
tailed at five cents per pound now brought twenty 
cents. The fanners who since the war had been 
expecting a decline in prices had consequently 
been very cautious in their dealings, now began to 
place higher value upon their lands. During the 
war no considerable rise j n the value of real estate 



had been accomplished but now there was a ma- 
terial advance. Prairies about Malta and Milan 
sold readily at twice the prices of three or four 
years before. All over the county there was a 
similar advance, stimulated by a promising pros- 
pect for a very large crop of grain. 


During the spring of 18137 a new method orig- 
inated in the brain of sonic of the men interested 
in retaining the county seat. (Tpnn the petitions 

central portion of the county naturally flowed to 
the railroad towns of the northern and southern 

ends and that neither De Kalb ■ Sycamore 

offered a convenient place for the transaction of 
the public business of the southern portion of the 
county. One of the most exciting elections ever 
held in the county followed. To oppose this 
measure the citizens of De Kalb and this vicinity 
formed a stock company and contributed nearly 
five thousand dollars to establish a newspaper of- 
fice in that town. Aaron K. Stiles, a former 



of the citizens of Sandwich, which had now be- 
come the largest village in the south part of the 
county, Senator William Patten had during the 
previous winter introduced a bill in the legislature 
known as the Half Shire Bill. It provided for 
a re-location of the county seat at Sycamore and 
Sandwich. The latter place was to be the seat of 
justice of the six southern towns of the county 
and the former the twelve northern towns. It 
was argued in its favor that the business of the 
county dividing the thinly settled country in the 

county clerk, being one of the stockholders now 
became chief editor of the De Kalb County News. 
He was a man of remarkable tact, shrewdness 
and energy and for a week or two preceeding the 
election the paper was issued daily. The people 
and the papers at Sandwich supported the move- 
ment. Meetings were held at almost every school- 
house in the county but the final quietus was given 
to the measure by the efforts of a delegation from 
the southern sections, composed of Messrs. Beard, 
Woodruff. Pritchard. McEwen and Ball, men who 


commanded the full confidenci : of i he people, who Genoa « 

, . ,, , -i J5\ c3niorc ' * " 

traveled through the northern portion ot the Mayfield 20 

countv undeterred by storms, which enveloped the Squaw I in >ve 120 

, , -, j Somonauk 

country in unfathomable seas of mud. and ad- 

dressed meetings in every town, beseeching the Total majorities for 1,03 

people not to impose this measure upon them. In grains! the bill: 

the De Ealb County News we find the following Franklin ji* 

naming head lines: "Half Shire Town," "A Big ^^^^^"[^^[""[^"YYYY/.Y. 128 

Thing on the Ice," "The County Seat on "Wheels/ 5 Malta 17 '-' 

"The Court House on Stilts," "The Caravan of g^gg YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY L73 

Countv Officers," "The Traveling Menagerie," Pierce 178 

"The 'rw.. corner 'Centers' on a Rampage." "The Aft™ ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;-;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ™ 

I , r. at Double Header." "The Big Bat in the Meal Shabbona ".'.'. 213 

Tub," "More Tax,- Demanded," "Half shire ^^^-yyy.yYY.YYY.YY.YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY. 1" 

Swindle.'' "Ninety-two Thousand Dollars for a 

Court House at. Sandwich" "One Hundred Thou- Total majority against ■^ :::: - V ;;;;;;;; :::: Jg 

sand Hollar- for a Courl House at Sycamore." Eor In anot]l( ,,. paper after tne defeat of the bill 

the firsl time in the history of political affairs of fl tom t, stone is erected to the memory of Half- 

our county the cartoonisl took a hand in the game g}lire wiiii;,,,,. The pall bearers are given as 

and we presenl here the cartoon thai appeared in ,y,n,, u>: \ : „ Sedgwick, Stinsbn, Castle, Simmons, 

the D< Kalb County News a few days previous ;m( , fiil . Sycamore" R. Ellwood, J. S. Waterman. 

to the election. Partridge, C. Ellwood and Dustin. Thus ended 

Here we give an illustration of the workings the g; a ]f_Shire mania, which for a time created 

of the Half-Shire law. This beautiful engrav- „,,..,, ( . xritl , ,,„.„, all(1 ,„,„,], hard feeling. 
ing was made on a shingle by our devil, who. for 

the preseni ai ts as Special Artist for the News. We 

guarantee it true to life in every particular. To 
fully appreciate this illustration you must sup- 

th: Half-Shire bill to have become a law, The year 1867 was noted as one in which mami- 

and the politicians of Sandwich and Svcamorc faeturing establishments wore first erected in the 

to be fattening from the countv crib, as thev will county. The people of Sandwich established a 

be sure I Thev have this little seesaw well stock com P a f> "" ,l a ca P lta l i ° f . «™*r-*™ 

u11 thousand dollars, which in the following year was 
to going, and vou ran see lor voursell the plank: 

, . increased to one hundred and fattv thousand, 

thev ride upon. Ihev smoke and sing a merry . ■ . 

1 , , ,.,■„.,. . for the manufacture of agricultural ma- 

little song, which goes something like this: As q a ^ ^ ^ ( ^ ^^ 

Sycamore goes up he repeats "Half-Shire Town of ^ ^.^ ^ Svrai||0ro; , pkning im]1 and 

S 3' ca '•''•" ai1,1 as Sandwich goes up he repeats lnanufai . tm . v for doorS; 5ash anrl vdmds at De 

"Half-Shire Town of Sandwich. And so thev Kalb an d a large flouring miU at the rapidly grow- 

-" ■ ""■■ 3 Town of Sycamore.- "Half- ^g vi Uage of Malta. Public school buildings were 

Shire Town of Sandwieh." "Half-Shire Town of r|(Ii! |M 50rne f the villages and were considered 

- camore," "Half-Shire Town of Sandwich." .,, ,, |;| , , , il( . pride ,, r lh( , local community of 

At the same tin* old De Kalb county has been rid- Cortland and Malta, each erecting a new graded 
den until there is no mon gr< ase on his hack bone school building this year, as did also the village of 
and the old Half-Shire plank squeaks out taxes! Somonauk and the city of Sandwieh. The plant- 
taxes! ! taxes! ! ! ing of hedges for the prairie farmers continued to 
Never was such a vote polled in this county. We attract a great deal of attention and over two 
will be unable to publish the official returns until hundred miles of osage orange hedge was set out. 
next week. The following town- gave majorities Farmers had been troubled considerably with the 
for the bill : rail fences, which were continually broken down 



and stock would get in the growing grain, doing 
considerable damage. The hedge fence was 
thought to be the only thing that could protect 
crops from the stock. The County Agricultural So- 
ciety, which held its fairs at Sycamore, was re- 
vived this year and held a nourishing exhibition. 
A Farmers' Club was also established and held 
weekly meetings of decided interest to the agricul- 
tural portions of the community. Some of the 
discussions by farmers, well known, appeared in 
the old files of the papers and at this date are of 
considerable interest. 

The county school tax, which in L840 was but a 
few hundred dollars, Was now fifty-one thousand, 
six hundred and sixty-four dollars. 

In the '60s the fair at Sycamore assumed 
larger proportions and their annual meetings be- 
came exceedingly popular. Instead of holding 
their meetings northeast of town, in 18G2 they 
purchased land west of the city, which remained 
in possession of the Sycamore Fair Association 
until that organization ceased its existence in 
1888. George Dennison, an attorney, who had 
practiced law in De Kalb in 1858, was appointed 
naval officer at the port at New York, with a 
salary of seven thousand five hundred dollars. 
Flax culture was carried on to a large extent, 
the crop proving valuable on account of the price 
received for flax seed and from profits derived by 
the sale of the straw at the flax mills located in 
the county. In 1863 there are two hundred and 
twenty-three cases on the trial calendar of the cir- 
cuit court. Litigation seemed the order of the 
day and there were five times as many law suits 
at that period of our county's history than we 
find on the calendar of today. The planting of 
willows continued and in the early '70s many miles 
of willow fences might be found in De Kalb 
county. These like many other of the soft woods 
planted by the early settlers have proved them- 
selves a nuisance and have been removed. 

Religious discussion was rampant in many sec- 
tions of the county. One that deserves especial 
notice was between Rev. A. J. Fishback, of the 
Universalist church, and 0. I). Mullis, of the 
Christian church. The question of "Universal 
Salvation" and "Endless Punishment" was dis- 
cussed at the court house for a week. They were 
largelv attended, people coming for miles around 
and listening with ereat interest, and from all 

that we learn at the present time we judge that 
they were interested, listened intently and came 
away with the same views that they had before the 
discussion was projected. A similar discussion 
took place in De Kalb between a Wesleyan Metho- 
dic minister and one of the Adventist denomina- 
tion. In the later '60s the attendance at country 
churches reached the high mark. Services both 
morning and evening were largely attended and 
aside from services in the churches many ap- 
pointments were held at various school houses 
in the county. The early settlers having come 
mainly from the eastern and southern states, had 
organized the churches they attended in their 
earlier homes. In the '70s there began to be a 
marked falling off in the attendance of the coun- 
try churches, caused by the removal of first set- 
tlers to homes farther west, by the retirement of 
fanners to cities, who had secured a competency 
and by the young people who sought employment 
in factories and by young men from the farms 
seeking professional careers. Their places were 
supplied by foreigners to a large extent, who spoke 
different languages and affiliated with the churches 
with which they were allied in the fatherland. 
Aside from this there seemed to be a general 
movement toward the cities, so that at the present 
time the majority of the population of Illinois 
resides in cities and towns. 


Paw Paw township forms the southeast corner 
of De Kalb county. Having the advantages in 
surface and soil of a rolling prairie, it has the 
distinction of having the greatest dumber of im- 
proved acres of any township in the county. It 
has twenfy-four thousand and thirty-two acres 
in a high state of cultivation. Yen- little of the 
township is too flat for the plow. It also, having 
within its borders three valuable and beautiful 
woodlands known as Ross Grove, Coon Grove and 
Paw Paw Grove, naturally attracted those seek- 
ing homes in the west at a very early dav. 

Paw Paw township derives its name from one 
of the groves, in which are still found some of 
the once numerous paw paw trees with their 
peculiar and juicy fruit. The Big Indian creek 
and its many tributaries, which run through the 
township, furnish it with a good supplv of pure. 



running water. Along its banks were once the 
favorite haunts of the noble red man. Here the 
celebrated Shabbona, chief of the Pottowattomies, 
with bis tribe, was accustomed to camp when 
water and game were scarce in our sister township 
which bears this heroic chief's name. Here, too, 
dwelt, for a time the chief Wabonsie, whom his- 
tory remembers by his daring deeds and bloody 
crimes committed while on the warpath, but whom, 
rather than be a aeighbor to the "pale face" dis- 
appeared toward the setting sun. 

Paw Paw township became the permanent home 
of the white man in 1834. when David Towne set- 
tled on the. southwest quarter of section 19, which 
is now the home of Charles M. Smith. Mr. Towne 
arriveil late in the autumn and did little that 
winter except build a cabin and hunt, the latter 
being no great task at that time, as the proves 
and creek bottoms afforded an abundant supply 
of deer, nrairie wolves, wild cats and an occasional 
hear, also wild turkey-, geese, duck-, prairie chick- 
en-, etc. Mr. Towne was joined this winter by 
his brother Russell Towne. to whom the next 
spring he transferred his claim for the considera- 
tion of a week's work. David, previous to trans- 
ferrins his claim to his brother, entered a claim 
in Lee county, near the present site of West Paw 
Paw. where he spent the remainder of his life. 

The hot days of July, 1835. found another party 
of weary pioneers camped near the present site 
of Polio. The party was composed of Rev. Benoni 
Harris, a Methodist minister, and family: his 
son. Benjamin Harris, and family. John Plass 
and family; Edward Butterfield and family; Jo- 
seph Harris and Louis McDowell, two single men. 
They were soon followed 1>\ R. Baldwin and Jo- 
seph Ross and family, who first settled near the 
grove which now bears the latter's name. 

Of the above named, Rev. Benoni Harris, vol- 
umes might be written, but space will here permit 
only to be said that no community need feel 
prouder of its pioneers than doe- Paw Paw town- 
ship of this venerable man of God. of whom it 
may be truthfullv said: "His soul was spotless.'' 
He never ceased in the upbuilding of the naked 
country, whose fortune was "to be blessed with 
such a man." Although seventv years of age when 
be settled in this township we find him for the 
next ten years preaching to and teaching the good. 

the bad, the white and red man alike with untir- 
ing energy. His wife, Thankful Harris, the first 
on whom death called in this new settlement, was 
buried in 1836 on what is now the Atherton farm, 
section 19. Mr. Harris traveled but a few more 
miles on the rough highway of life and was laid 
to rest beside her in 1845. About one hundred 
and fifty yards west of the farm house of William 
Atlnrton stands side by side two small marble 
shafts, one of which bears this inscription: "My 
Beloved Wife, Thankful Harris." The other 
has Masonic emblems and the name "Benoni Har- 
ris. At Rest." 

Edward Butterfield continued to reside in this 
township until 1852, when he removed to Iowa, 
returning two years later. He died in 1854. The 
first white child born in this settlement was Caro- 
line Towne daughter of Russell and Roxana 
Towne, in 1830. S. 1). McDowell, becoming tired 
of a lonely life of "single blessedness." married 
Miss Delilah Harris, youngest daughter of Rev. 
Benoni Harris in 1836. This was the first mar- 
riage in the township. To them the following 
year was born a daughter. Mary E.. the second 
white child born in the county. 

Among those who came to the township in 1836 
were Asahel Baldwin, William Rogers, Joseph Al- 
cot, dob Morgan and T. Bannigan. Asahel Bald- 
win was the first tavern keeper and postmaster at 
I 'aw Paw Grove. After a few years he removed to 
Missouri. William (Bill) Rogers settled on the 
present site of East Paw Paw and built the first 
house in this village in 1837. He conducted his 
house as a tavern, known as the Paw Paw House, 
until 1842, when he sold to J. Wirick and went 
west. The old Wirick House was for years a 
flourishing tavern and many a tired, hungry and 
dirty traveler was refreshed under its roof. Jacob 
Wirick was proprietor for fourteen years. 

Paw Paw in early days was headquarters for 
crimes and dishonorable deeds, which gave the 
community an unenviable reputation. This, how- 
ever, was no fault of the majority of the in- 
habitants, but misdemeanors were committed by 
a small band of men supposed to have consisted 
of Wyram, better known as "Bogus" Gates. "Bill" 
Rogers, John Bryant and others, whose many un- 
derhanded and suspicious acts branded them as 
members of a horse thieving and counterfeiting 

PAST VXD PRESENT OF \>V. k.\I.P, I 01 vn , 


gang. They often had large sums of money in 
their possession which could be accounted for in 
no other way than by their own manufacture. At 
one time part of the gang was imprisoned for 
horse thieving, the two stolen animals being found 
in the Gates barn. They escaped from the peni- 
tentiary, however, and lived for many years to 
commit deeds of atrocity. As the country became 
more thickly settled the marauders lived very un- 
comfortable lives and took up the western march 
to the newer country, where there were less nu- 
merous objections to their way "I gaming a liveli- 

In early days, before banks with their safety 
deposit vaults had found their way to De Kalb 
county, it sometimes happened that the settlers 
accumulated good round sums of money and these 
for safe keeping were buried deep in the ground 
in some unfrequented spot. Years after the "wild 
cat" days had passed a sum of eight hundred dol- 
lars was found by Harris* Breese and a companion 
buried in a place near where a fence had been 

But few settlements were made until 1842, when 
settlers came quite rapidly, among the earliest of 
whom was Jacob Wirick and family. Of Mr. Wi- 
riok's family of ten children but one, Nancy, wife 
of H. S.. Dickinson. J. P.. remains in the town- 
ship. To Mrs. Dickinson the writer is indebted 
fnv the early history of Paw Paw township. She 
has been a continued resident of Paw Paw town- 
ship for over fifty-six years and recalls the early 
history of this township with a vividness as though 
it were but a fortnight. 

Among those who made Paw Paw township their 
home within the next five years were: Marcus 
and Eli Bartlett. Alonzo M. La Porte, Dennis 
Connell, Thomas, William. James and Bobert Har- 
per, James McFarland, Vincent Breese, Almond 
Lake and Bobert Hampton. We are indebted also 
to Bobert, Hampton for the assistance of his diary 
and excellent memory for information regarding 
the early history of this township. Although Mr. 
Hampton at this writing- is seventv-seven years 
of age, he walks with much of the elastic step 
which characterized him among the early settlers. 
Daily may he be seen astride his favorite horse 
going to his nearest postoffice. East Paw Paw. or 
more properly called Paw Paw Grove, for his mail. 

and cordial is his greeting to all whom In- may 

Up to December, 1846, there had been no 
schoolhouse erected. Benjamin Harris, however, 
had kept a private school at his home since 1836. 
Now all felt the need of better >chool facilities, and 
the 1st. day of December, 1840. found the youth 
for miles around, with Thomas Burns as master, 
assembled in the first schoolhouse built in Paw- 
Paw township, on the aorth side of Ross Grove. 
This edifice of learning was made of logs split and 
set upon end. chinked and plastered. The first 
frame Echoolhouse was built in 1850 and is now 
a part of the residence of William Stone. East 
Paw Paw. 

A stock company was organized and built a 
seminarv al East Paw Paw in 1855, but the move- 
ment did not prove a success that. time, so the 
building was sold to the school district. In 1868 
a new and better seminary was built and the school 
started once more, as the East Paw Paw Teachers' 
Institute and Classical Seminarv. In less than 
two years this tine building was destroyed by lire 
and the district turned the old building over to 
the seminary. Tt continued for several years un- 
der the above name and no school in this section 
of the state has turned out a better class of gradu- 
ates. Among those who were fortunate enough 
to receive the advantages of this school are clergy- 
men, lawyers, editors and teachers, of whom any 
community may justly be proud. 

The fire that occurred in 1870 put a damper 
on the school for a time, but it was not lasting 
and in a few years it was better than ever before. 
For many years a paper called ''The Students' 
Offering" was published in connection with the 
school and from its columns and the memory of 
some of the old pupils we are enabled to record 
many facts of interest, In 1860 D. D. McGibeny, 
with his wife, both graduates of Alfred University, 
started west for the purpose of establishing a 
school. For two years t li -\ followed their chosen 
line of work in Wisconsin, but the war had such 
a depressing influence that they were forced to 
abandon it. Mr. McGibeny took up the insurance 
business, and while following this work became 
acquainted with William E. Rosette, one of the 
trustees of the East Paw Paw graded schools, and 
was engaged as teacher, which position he held for 
vears. He was about to leave to follow his long 



cherished plan, when the idea struck Paw Paw 
people that they might build up such an institu- 
tion there and retain Professor McGibeny. Hence 
the seminary was built through much difficulty and 
untold work and planning on the part of Pro- 
fessor McGibeny. The building committee con- 
sisted of D. D. McGibeny, C. C. Breed, Robert 
Bampton, D. R. Fuller and .). 0. Stanton. For 
a few years school was beld in the unfinished 
building and just as it was completed the hand 
of an incendiary reduced it to ashes. From that 
time until the close of the life of the institution 
school was held in the old building. 

The first corps of teachers consisted of Pro- 
fessor McGibenj and wife, S. N. Fish. M. D., and 
J. 0. Stanton. McGibeny and Stanton did most 
of the teaching. Some of the ether early teachers 
were Ernest C. Eaton, Mattie J. Fish. Ellen Per- 
sons, James W. Shank-. Leroj M. Averill, W. II. 
Conn. C. E. Rosette, Leroj S. Norton, Charles 
Smolt and W. N". Low. The course of study con- 
sisted of Greek, metaphysics, natural sciences. 
French, drawing, oil and photograph painting. 
Latin, mathematics, German, physiology and the 
laws of health, vocal and instrumental music, etc., 
and the common branches of education. 

The Philogean society, Philosophian Lyceum, the 
Philorhetorian Debating Club and the Natural 

History society kept up the social life of the scl I. 

The fourth anniversary was held on the Fourth 
of July. 1873, and a good program given. An 
alumni was kept up for a number of years. 

Among the people living in various parts of the 

United States who wel'e once students here are 

Ellen Gates Rawdon. Palo Alto. California: Lu- 
cinda Helm Sherwood, Chicago, [llinois; Celia 
Norton Husk. Shabbona, Illinois; Ella Sherwood 
Holmes, Shabbona, Illinois; James W. Shanks. 
Simpson, Kansas: Eliza Burke Shanks. Simpson. 
Kansas; Lucy Peace Boston, Rollo, Illinois; Nancy 
Weddell Powers, Polio. Illinois; Charles V. Wed- 
dell, Rollo, Illinois: Edwin Gates, Pawpaw, Illi- 
nois: Polly Robinson Gates. Pawpaw, Illinois; 
Frank Sherwood. Silverton, Colorado; Ezra Helm. 
Cedar Rapids. Iowa; A. M. Robbins, Ord, Ne- 
braska: Cynthia Haskell Robbins, Ord. Nebraska; 
Leroy S. Norton, Jackson. Michigan; Jennie Wa- 
ters Norton, Jackson, Michigan; Ira E. Stevens, 
Shabbona, Illinois: Murray L. Stevens. Shabbona, 
Illinois: Dr. Frank Stevens. Lincoln. Nebraska: 

Maggie Kittle Schem erhorn, Hoyt, Kansas; Mary 
Miller Steward. Chicago, Illinois; Lizzie Alexan- 
der Allen. Aurora. Illinois; Grace Brown Case, 
Aurora, Illinois; Ralph Brown. Waterman. Illi- 
nois; Judson Persons, Manson, Iowa; Newell Per- 
sons, Manson, Iowa; Morton Persons, Manson, 
Iowa: Eugene Persons, Chicago. Illinois; Ellen 
Persons Adams, Fort Dodge, Iowa; Jabez Adams, 
Fort Dodge, Iowa: Amelia Persons Merrill. Rock 
Island, Illinois: Rev. Frank Merrill. Rock Island. 
Illinois: Frank Olmsted, Shabbona Grove. Illinois; 
Lottie Whit ford Young, Ottawa. Kansas: Sarah 
Whitford Christie, Omaha. Nebraska: Dr. William 
Christie. Omaha. Nebraska: Amelia Dickey, Shab- 
bona, Illinois: Frank Barber. Franklin. Nebraska: 
i rette Turpening Bennett, Paw Grove. Illinois; 
Emma Pierce Barnes, Memphis, Missouri; Orton 
A. Barnes, Memphis. Missouri: Philip Pierce. 
Paw Grove, Illinois; Lydia Hamilton Dalton, 
Pawpaw. Illinois: Ella Smith Swarthout Thomp- 
son, Paw Crove. [llinois; Nettie Swarthoui 
Thompson. Dixon. Illinois; Libbie Knell Lover- 
"i- r . Shabbona, Illinois; Albert. Hinds. Jr.. Chi- 
cago. Illinois; William Mercer, Shabbona, Illinois: 
Ella Lattin Mercer, Shabbona. [llinois; William 
Terry. Portland, Oregon; Sarah Storey Greene. 
Scranton, [owa; John J. Quilhot, Shabbona. Illi- 
nois: Lewi- Card. Shabbona, [llinois; Martin 

G lyear, De Kalb. Illinois; Ella Rosette G 1- 

year, De Kalb, [llinois; Jay Clapsaddle, Shabbona, 
Illinois; Delos Clapsaddle, Clear Lake. Iowa: Ella 
Quinn Terry. Champaign, [llinois; Jessie Morse 
Norton. Shabbona. Illinois; Dr. Bayard Holme-. 
Chicago, Illinois: Clinton Rosette. De Kalb, [lli- 
nois; Alfa l.aClan- Rosette, De Kalb. Illinois: 
\iina Taylor Marble. Paw Grove. Illinois; Jennie 
Taylor Franz. Paw Grove, Illinois: Bertha Beitel, 
Roekford. Illinois: Mattie Fish King. Benson. 
Vermont; Frank Rogers. Pawpaw. Illinois; Frank 
Bryant, Cottage Grove, Illinois; Belle Miller 
Greene, Iowa: Gertrude Town Beggs (deceased), 
Denver, Colorado; Gueley Greene, Iowa: Dr. J. O. 
Stanton (deceased). Iowa; Mary Buckley Stanton 
(deceased). Iowa: Dr. Boardman, Walnut. Illi- 
nois: Mila Euestis Boardman. Walnut. Illinois; 
Baker Fletcher. Sandwich, [llinois. 

A seminary having been built at South Pawpaw 
on the In between De Kalb and Lee counties. 
and another at West Pawpaw, a few miles distant, 
a rivalry sprang up ami they eventually destroyed 








each other. As the patronage was insufficient to 
support them they finally became common schools. 
The first church was built at Ross Grove in 1861, 
the second near the present site of Rollo, and the 
third at East Pawpaw. 

Pawpaw township sent one hundred and thirty- 
seven men to the Civil war. There were but four 
townships in De Kalb county which sent more 
men to the front. Fifteen of her citizens are 
known to have lost their lives during that struggle. 
Three of these belong to the Hyde family, a family 
still prominent in the affairs of the town. John 
Densmore Dole killed at Stone River, a bullet 
piercing his brain. He had stooped to relieve a 
wounded soldier and while doing this service lost 
his life. His grandfather was killed at the battle 
of Bunker Hill, while giving a drink to a wounded 
comrade. The bod)' was recovered through the 
entreaties of his mother to General Rosecrans 
and he was buried in the South Pawpaw cemetery. 
Pawpaw not only gave one hundred and thirty^ 
seven men to the Civil war, but sent two to the 
war with Mexico : Alonzo LaPort and Peleg Sweet. 
If, sent three soldiers to the Spanish-American 
war: Clarence Dunton, Benjamin Atherton and 
C. Goble. 

Hon. Robert Hampton, one of the honored citi- 
zens of De Kalb county, came to Pawpaw in the 
early '40s. He served his township many years 
as supervisor, was elected county treasurer and 
member of the state Legislature. His son, R. F. 
Hampton, prominent in town affairs, also served 
his town four years as supervisor. Other men 
prominent in political affairs of Pawpaw were 
H. M. Boardman. a sketch of whom appears in 
this work; Jesse Cory and his son David, who 
were both prominently identified with the affairs of 
their town and county. Simeon E. Hyde was 
prominent as a financier, was a man well known 
in La Salle and De Kalb counties, while his 
son, George Hyde, is at present serving his town 
as supervisor. Alonzo LaPort, a veteran of the 
Mexican war. owning a thousand acres of land in 
his town, was one of its early ,pioneers, serving 
his town faithfully in many capacities, and is at 
present a resident of West Pawpaw. His son. 
Frank LaPort, is a large landowner and suc- 
cessful business man and is well known throughout 
the countv. 

The supervisors from this town arc: Pierpont 
Edwards, William Shepherdson, Robert Hampton, 
A. Dole, N. H. Powers, S. E. Shepherdson, Cor- 
nelius W. Quilhot, Henry M. Boardman, John 
Harper, Alonzo LaPort, James Harper, David 
Cory, Frank Hampton and George Hyde. 


Although the village of Shabbona has been 
founded for twenty-six years, it is of recent origin 
when compared with other portions of the town- 
ship. At no time in the history of the place 
has it had a "boom," but the steady, healthy 
growth has brought about changes which seem 
marvelous when compared with the condition of 
the country as seen by the early inhabitants of 
fifty years ago. 

Before white people took up their westward 
march, what is now known as Shabbona township 
was a portion .of fertile land, the northern part 
•composed of, ,'Heautiful prairie, while the south- 
ern' division waS' covered with heavy timber. Here 
Chief Shabbona of the Pottawattomie tribe of In- 
dians and about fifty of his followers, many of 
them members of his own family, were living 
a peaceful life in their wigwams, cultivating small 
patches of corn, beans, pumpkins, etc., making 
sugar from the maple trees, but depending mainly 
upon hunting for their living. A most elaborate 
sketch of Chief Shabbona appears in the history 
of the county proper. 

In 1R40 Shabbona came back to his old reserva- 
tion and lived for a time, but the series of wan- 
derings had begun which finally broke up the band, 
only a few of the immediate family remaining with 
the old chief. Finally a few friends purchased 
twenty acres of timber land in Grundy county to 
be used as a home for Shabbona, and here, in 1859, 
at the age of eighty-four years, he died and was 
buried in the cemetery at Morris. There is now 
a movement on foot to erect a suitable monu- 
ment over his last resting place. Nothing is now 
left here as a memorial of the chief and his tribe 
except a few relics and keepsakes among some 
of the oldest families, but a prettv open clearing 
on the farm owned by William Husk is pointed 
out as a spot where the old Shabbona house stood. 
This was a comfortable log house built by David 
Norton. John Palm and others under contract 



with Wyram Gates, better known by tin- suggestive 
title of "Bogus," who agreed to provide this house 
in the settlement with the Indians and the gov- 
ernment when Mr. Gates bought the large tract 
of land claimed by the red men. It was never 
occupied by them as a residence, but as a store- 
house, they preferring wigwams, and was acci- 
dentally burned down several years ago. 

The remnant of this tribe so friendly to the 
whites is new living on a reservation near Topeka, 

The white settlers began in the late '30s to 
wend their way from the east. and. bringing all 
they possessed in prairie schooners, located at the 
various parts of the t<>\\ osbip, to make i heir future 
hemes. 'The immi ase tract of high, rolling prairie, 
well watered and drained by the Big Indian creek 
into the Fox river at the south and the Kishwaukee 
at the north, was \er\ attractive t<> the early emi- 
grants en aCCOUnt el' the excellence of the land, 
it- dry and healthy location, and the quality ami 
quantity of timber in the grove. They buill log 
houses and ai mice engaged in farming. N"e\i 
rear's day. 1836, was celebrated by the erection 
el' the first white man's dwelling. Edmund Town 
and David Smith, who had lived in the wigwams 
which the Indian- had temporarily abandoned, 
built tin' iir-i log house of the settlement, which. 

afterward grew !■> lie one of the mosl il ishing 

in the county. Among the firsl to locati 
were . I, .mi- Miller, II. I-:. Allen. William White, 
Coleman Olmstead, Sr., Coleman Olmstead, dr.. 
Lewi- Olmstead, Nathan Olmstead. Mo-,- Poster, 
William Marks. Sr., Edmund Town. Ira Park. 
Dexter Horton, "Mother" Horton, Miles Horton, 
William Olmstead and Jefferson Sturtevant. Rev. 
Gammon and many others soon followed. The 
first effort outside of the attempt t<> produce 
something on their farms and thus supply their 
physical necessities was the desire to organize 
some form of town government. In pursuance of 
this idea. Shabbona became one of the thirteen 
towns of the county, and William Marks was 
elected to be the first supervisor in the year 1850. 
and the other necessary officers were soon after 

By the topography of the township the present 
site of the village of Shabbona Grove was natur- 
ally selected as an embryo town. Nestling on the 
southern edge of the timber, it at once afforded 

sngge.-tions of many cozy homes safely sheltered 
from the wintry blasts which swept down from 
across the bleak prairie. And here also was a 
stage station, kept first by L. P. Sanger and 
shortly afterward by William Marks, who was 
also postmaster. The stage line was owned by a 
stock company and was called the Chicago & 
Galena line. 1'. \ . Quilhot was one of the drivers, 
and the passengers consisted mainly of miners 
and those connected with the lead mines of Galena, 
which were in a flourishing condition. He was 
also a driver on a north and south line in the 
\ieimty of Princeton, where the travelers were 
office holders on the way to and from Springfield. 
George Shaw was also a well known stage driver 
of that time. Many other small branches of busi- 
ness began to open at this little settlement and as 
the wants and means of the people increased busi- 
ness became lively. William Marks added a small 
stock of general goods. Samuel Curtis opened a 
drug and grocery store. Reuben Thailand ran a 
blacksmith shop, ami a sawmill was owned and 
operated by Olmstead Brothers. The town had a 
steady growth in early years, but being late in 
securing a railroad lapsed into gradual decay. 

The first religious services were held at the 
house of Nathan Olmstead. The first Methodist 
servile- were held at the house of Coleman Olm- 
stead in the fall of 1841. Meetings were held 
in tin' house in thi winter and in the barn in 
the summer, Rev. Mr. Morrison officiating. The 
Methodists erected the first house of worship in 
1864 in the village of Shabbona Grove. The first 
services held then in were the funeral services of 
Mr-. M. V. Allen. September 21, 1864. A Union 
church was built about the same time, but the 
Methodist Episcopal church was the first dedi- 
cated. The first Congregational church of Shab- 
bona was organized September 10. 1854, anil until 
I si;:, held services in the school house at Shabbona 
Grove. Rev. Stephen Battes was the first pastor. 
'flic present ( 'on g 1 1 g a i : ,, i i;i 1 church in the village 
of Shabbona was dedicated November 6, 1879. 
This church is at present the largest religious or- 
ganization in the township. 

The first school in the township was taught in 
the winter of 1842-3, at the house of William 
C Olmstead. William Curtis was the teacher. 
Me received twelve dollars and fifty cents a month 
and hoarded himself. The school was on the- 



subscription plan and the Olmstead families fur- 
nished the greater number of pupils. The first 
schoolhouse was built on the west side of Indian 
creek on the north side of the road. It was used 
for religious purposes as well until the church 
buildings were erected. The house was of logs 
and erected in the fall of 1843. Eliza Horton 
was the first teacher in this house. 

The first cemetery was located near the center 
of section 25. Mrs. Lyman was the first interred. 
She died in 1840 or 1841. A dozen bodies were 
probably buried there. The ground was soon 
abandoned. The first regular cemetery was estab- 
lished on the farm of David Smith on section 27. 
The first decoration of soldiers' graves was con- 
ducted by Rev. Fletcher Pomeroy, in June, 1877. 

In its best days Shabbona Grove contained three 
general stores, a tin shop, a boot and shoe shop, 
two hotels and two churches. A large business 
was transacted. 

The last payment to the Indians in De Kalb 
county, and doubtless in the state, was made in 
1835 on section 35. 

The early settlers of Shabbona, like the pioneers 
of other sections, believed whisky to be indispen- 
sable in house or barn raisings. When Edmond 
Towne's house was raised a flask of whisky was 
found secreted near by, supposed to have been 
the property of the Indians. It was confiscated 
and added zest to the occasion. For the next few 
years it was the custom to have a good supply at 
such gatherings. This practice was continued until 
the raising of Coleman Olmstead's barn (the first 
frame barn in the township) in the spring of 
1842. Mr. Olmstead refused to furnish whisky, 
at which innovation there was a bitter protest. 
He substituted a warm supper, with good coffee, 
which was voted satisfactory. From that time a 
warm meal, with coffee, took the place of whisky 
at such gatherings. About two miles west of 
the town of Shabbona is what is known as the 
English settlement. It was begun in the fall of 
1851, when five young Englishmen, Septimus Sto- 
rey, Thomas Wright, William Cutts, George Glos- 
sop and Joseph Dillans took up government land. 
The first house was built by Mr. Glossop, and 
here the entire party kept bachelors* hall until 
they could build homes of their own. The place 
was headquartei-s for the subsequent immigrants 
from England and soon quite a colony of their 

fellow countrymen had collected, among the first 
being Robert Mullin, Reuben Challand, John Ken- 
nedy, Thomas Dalton, James Hutton, the descend- 
ants of many of whom live on the homestead farms. 
The first schoolhouse was built in 1851 ami was 
taught by .Mis. Witherspoon. They built a Meth- 
odist Episcopal church in the year 1869 and later 
a cemetery was established directly east of it. 

The village of Shabbona was surveyed and plat- 
ted in 1S72 on section 15. A village had been 
platted at the junction of the C. & I. and C, B. 
& 0- roads, about a half mile west, tu which was 
given the name of Cornton. A temporary depot 
had been constructed, John Ray and William Husk 
had opened a mercantile business, and others had 
been started or were in contemplation. The site 
was favorable and the only thing that was required 
to make it the regular station of the railroad was — ■ 
a donation of some of the land to interested rail- 
road men. This some of the proprietors refused 
to do; therefore a. removal was determined upon 
and Cornton was doomed. The first building 
erected in tin? present village of Shabbona was 
by W. H. Ray. the present editor of the Shabbona 
Express. William Husk then removed his store 
building from Cornton and opened the first mer- 
cantile establishment in the village. A. S. Jackson 
removed here from Shabbona Grove and com- 
menced business. In 1873 M. V. Allen opened 
a drug store. Thomas Padget and J. M. Bean 
began business and were the second to represent 
tlie mercantile interests of the place. W. F. Heeg 
in the winter of 1872-3 opened a stock of fur- 
niture and is still in business. The first exclusive 
hardware store was started in 1873 by Crapser, 
Coleman & Company. Other branches of business 
followed from time to time until at, present Shab- 
bona has a population of nearly nine hundred. 
It has more miles of cement walks than any other 
town of its size in flie county, there being but a 
half mile of board walk in the town. The presenf 
school building was erected in 1876 and occupied 
in the fall of that year. S. B. Hallock was prin- 
cipal and Miss Viola Thomas assistant. 

The land claimed by the early settlers came into 
the market in 1843, at Dixon. Illinois. Main 
had saved just enough to pay for the claim on 
which they had settled. Fearing thai land specu- 
lators would be present, they went to Dixon one 
hundred and fifty strong, armed with clubs and 



pistols, to prevent others from bidding on the 
land aside from the two men selected, who were 
William Marks and Reuben Allen. Arriving at 
Dixon, they found men prepared to purchase their 
lands and they arranged to seize any such bidder 
and drown him in the Rock river. The resolute 
set ni' this body of men overawed all opposi- 
tion, and tiny secured their lands at a dollar ami 
a quarter an acre. 

Shabbona furnished one hundred ami thirty 
fin- the preservation of the Union during the 
Civil war. and she raised in taxes and bounties 
twelve thousand two hundred and ninety-one dol- 
lars. A large number <>f the soldiers from Shab- 
bona enlisted under the valiant Captain G. W. 
Kittell, of the Fifty-eighth Illinois, ami Captain 
Thomas Terry, of the I Ine Eundred and Fifth. 
Captain Terry had served as a member of the 
legislature, had been for years supervisor of the 
town and had served in the Mexican war. Cap- 
tain Terry died in Earlville in the later "60s. 
Captain .Martin V. Allen, who succeeded him, losl 
an arm in the service. Upon his return to the 
county he was i l© b ■ to the office of count] super- 
intended of schools. Sergeanl Thomas E. Ta 
of thr same company, a native of Scotland, Losl 
his life in the servio , al the age "1' forty-one. D. 
\\ . Jackson, of thr same company, died at Bowl- 
ing Green, aged twenty. Sergeant J. M. Dobbin, 
of the Thirteenth Illinois, died of wound- 
ceived at the assault of Vicksburg Sergeant 
George C. Harper served honorably I'm- three years 
in the One Hundred and Fifth and subsequently 
lost his life at Fort Harper, while in the Seventh 
Regulars, at the age of twenty-three. John M<- 
Farland. of the One Hundred and Fifth, died at 
Frankfort, Kentucky. Henry Davis, of the Tenth 
Infantry, died at St. Louis. Oliver Pattee, of the 
Fifty-second, died at St. Joseph. Lyman Kil- 
boura, of the One Hundred and Fifth, dud at 
Resaca. Corporal Philip Howe, of the One Hun- 
dred and Fifth, died of wounds received at Etesai .1 
W. E. Grover. of the One Hundred and Fifth, 
was killed at Dallas. Georgia, while carrying off a 
wounded comrade from the skirmish line James 
M. Round, of the Fifty-eighth Illinois. William 
T. Williams, of the Fifty-eighth Illinois. George 
Flick. John A. Muzzy. Byron Nichols. Nelson Fil- 

The supervisors of Shabbona were William 
Mark-. Isaac Comstock, Thomas S. King. H. E. 
Allen. D. D. Stevens, 0. Norton, P. V. Quilhot. 
Frederick Ball. Benjamin S. White. Giles M. Alex- 
ander. John II. Woodbury, Septimus Storey. 
Henry Clapsaddle, R. Youngren, L. C. Burke, 
Lewis Olmstead and John Middleton. 


Milan, the infant township of the county, came 
into existence in 1857. Previous to this time it 
had heen a part of Malta and Shabbona. There 
are no natural groves within its border and conse- 
quently it was one of the latest to he settled. 
Lewis McFwen was the first settler of the town. 
He came from New York state originally, had 
been to California in search of gold, and came to 
Milan township, where he resided until 18G9. 
Being the pioneer of the township, coming there 
in 1852, he saw the growth of the town. He did 
not long remain as the only white inhabitant, for 
other claimant- came for settlement — Benjamin 
Banfield, Reuben Dodd and Gurdon Hewitt. The 
latter hail purchased land warrants for eighty cents 
an acre and entered nine sections in one day. 
This land he afterward sold at from eight to 
thirteen dollars an acre, which made his invest- 
ment a most profitable om-. The firs! -dioolhouse 
was built in 1855 in the .enter of the town, but 
previous to this the educational mean-: of the chil- 
dren had been supplied at improvised schoolrooms 
in private houses. The township felt the need 
of a public building for public meetings and in 
the summer of 1868 a two-story frame building 
was erected, known as the Milan Town House. 
The lower storj is u-r,} for a school room, while 
the upper story is used as a town hall and a place 
of worship. There are at present nine districts in 
the township. Milan did not become thicklv pop- 
ulated because there are no villages within its 
borders and no railroads nearer than the Xorth- 
western. There are no postoffices in the township. 
Milan in the early part of its history possessed 
much wet land, which was unsuitable for farming 
purpose-. About twelve years ago a drainage dis- 
trict was organized and the wet portion of the 
township was made tillable. Thousands upon 
thousands of rods of tile have been laid in this 



township, until at the present time Milan possesses 
as little wet land as any township of the county. 

In 1854 Theodore Berg and Ira Oleson came 
into this town, and being of Norwegian birth, 
others of that nationality followed, until at pres- 
ent they form the larger part of the population of 
Milan. Others who followed the two first men- 
tioned gentlemen in Milan were the Sandersons, 
Oaklands, Grovers, Eames and Kettlesons. The 
Norwegian element of Milan is prosperous, thrifty, 
generally adherents of the Lutheran faith. They 
make a splendid addition to the citizenship of the 
county. At the breaking out of the Civil war 
Milan, out of a population of two hundred and 
fifty, gave thirty-eight soldiers to the Union army 
and raised several thousand dollars in taxation 
and bounties. Among the men of prominence 
who have resided in Milan is Lewis McEwen, god- 
father of the town. Captain A. L. AVells. Captain 
Howard, George Cox, who served as county clerk, 
and S. P. Armstrong, who served his county for 
fourteen years in the office of circuit clerk and 
recorder and twenty years as county surveyor. 
Those who have served the town as supervisors 
are: Lewis McEwen, who served eleven years; 
John Banfield, A. L. Wells, E. E. Colby, Captain 
L. A. Howard, and S. M. Sanderson, who has 
served thirteeen years and is still a member of th ■ 
board in that township. 


What has been responsible for Malta's growth 
was also responsible for her lack of growth when 
other parts of the county were being settled in 
the '30s and '40s — her topography. The country 
presented a broad expanse of prairie land with 
no timber and as the early settlers depended on 
the groves for material for their log houses, this 
was a consideration not lightly overlooked, and it 
was not until the year 1851 that government land 
was entered by home seekers. Ezekiel Whitehead 
was the first comer and he was followed soon after 
by G. C. Shepherd, H. A. Mix, Mark Howard and 

The billowy prairie lands which retarded early 
settlement formed the most important factor of 
growth, for the grain raisers found them very 
oroductive. In three years after the first settle- 
ment was made the farmers petitioned the Galena 

division of the Northwestern road, which by this 
time had been built as far west as Dixon, to estab- 
lish a station as a shipping point to accommodate 
them. The road granted the request and named 
the place .Malta. 

Previous to this the land had been partially 
controlled by De Kalb township, but in 1856 it 
was found to have population enough to form a 
township itself and the board of supervisors ac- 
cordingly organized it under the name of Milton. 
which was subsequently changed to Etna and 
finally to Malta, the name of its business center 
that had sprung up. E. Whitehead represented 
his town on the board of supervisors in 185G and 
today the men who uphold Malta's interests at 
the sessions at the county seat are B. B. Smiley 
and T. W. Dodge. 

The village of Malta was surveyed and platted 
in August, 1856, and the first house was erected 
that fall by J. M. Orput, who opened a stock of 
staple and fancy groceries and also dealt in lumber, 
coal and grain. The following spring he' formed 
a partnership with John Atwood, now one of the 
leading merchants of De Kalb, and the business 
continued until the fall of 1857, under the name 
of Orput & Atwood. dry goods Inning beeen added 
to the grocery stock. This was the beginning of 
the business of Malta, which now occupies a prom- 
inent feature of the town. 

The postoffice was established in the winter of 
185G, with W. F. Shedd as first postmaster. With 
a scries of changes, F. D. Pease now has charge, 
with Miss Nettie Pease as deputy. 

One of the early industries of the place was the 
making of flour, etc., from the grains and cereals 
raised in such abundance, and as early as the year 
1857 a steam grist mill was built by Clement & 
Dod.cre. The financial crisis of 1857 affected this 
industry as it did business all over the countrv 
and the mill failed to meet the expectations of 
its proprietors. After four years of existence it 
burned and the people felt the need of a substi- 
tute and as soon as the war closed a subscription 
was taken and another mill erected by Caleb 
Peters. For many years it did a good business, 
but now elevators take care of the vast amount 
of grain brought to the place. Malta is acknowl- 
edged to be the best grain market in the county 
and regardless of the condition of the roads (in 
bad weather the fertile condition of the snil is 



just as evident in the highways as it is in the 
Farm land a rod distant) grain wagons come from 
all directions ami arc unloaded at the elevators. 
Until tliis year one elevator, run by J. C. Pierce, 
lias had the handling of all grain shipped and un- 
like most merchants who have the monopoly of 
a business, Mr. Pierce has given the best possible 
prices. But the traffic was more than he could 
handle, it sometimes being necessary for the farm- 
ers to stand in line nearly all day before they 
could be waited upon. The old mill was pur- 
chased by a Chicago commission firm, Van Wie & 
Xoorehead. in 1898, fitted up with all of the latesl 
appliances as an elevator, and is now in successful 

With the large, rich farming community about 
if. the village of Malta has substantia] support in 
its growth. The town was incorporated in 1869; 
the firs! election resulted in making (;. W. Smiley 
presidenl of the village board; C. Anderson. .1. \ . 
Willrett, James Welch. S. T. Wright, trustee-: 
.1. ('. Westgate, police justice ; and W. H. Scofield, 
constable. Since that time the town has been a 
thriving little plan'. 

Among the early settlers who helped to make 
Malta what she now i-. were: P. Pendegrass, 
S. T. Wright, Chauncey Eooker, now dead. .1. ( '. 
1'ieree. 1». A. Smith, now in Nebraska, W. S. 
Wolston, living at preseni in Iowa. D. F. Pease. 
Henry Claxton, one of the oldesl residents of 
Malta at present, T. S. and G. A. Ingersoll, Cap- 
tain John Sergeant, Captain 0. W. Corbett, Henry 
Madden, Mrs. Francisco and a number of others. 
While these were some of the prominent peopli 
>>i early days their usefulness in many instances 
is not yet a thing of the past, for several are in 
business there now. 

But it is the farmers round about Malta who 
now play an important part in her every day life. 
Among the principal farmers who own or work 
farms are P. F. Delhridge. M. Eedmond. Charles 
Doane, J. E. Doane, August Anderson, Mrs. C. W. 
Smiley. William Malia. H. IT. Harrington. L. 
Farley, Joseph Greek. Thomas Delbridge, T. .T. 
Tindall and scores of others, having farms ranging 
from sixty to one hundred and sixty acres. 

Mr. Mames Orpul built the first house in the 
village of Malta in tin' fall of 1856 ami carried a 
stock of groceries. He also dealt in lumber, coal 
and grain, buying the first grain shipped from this 

station. Shedd & Fuller erected a warehouse in 

1856. The present, hotel was built in 1858. The 
first hardware store was started by J. R. Evans in 
1858. Henry Madden was the first druggist. The 
first blacksmith was John Schultz ; the first wagon 
maker was Walter Tenia : the first furniture dealer 
was William Lebrant; the first shoemaker was 
John Swanson, and the first harness maker was 
J. 0. Westgate. The first sehoolhouse was built in 

1857, and in 18T3 the present building was erected 
at a cost of six thousand dollars. 

The Baptists. Methodists ami Congregationalists 
have built churches, which still have regular ser- 
vices. The Episcopalian and Uuiversalist churches 
have ceased to hold service. 

Those who have served a- supervisors of this 
town are George W. Smiley. G. A. Ingersoll, Dan 
F. Pease, Albert McCrea, Alfred Ball. Jacob V. 
Willret, Charles W. Ilaish. B. W. Smiley. Frank 
I'ease. Edward Bone, Ben F. Hurt. Those who 
have served a- supervisors from the township are 
E. E. Whitehead, T. ('. Wetmore, Dr. Henry Mad- 
den, M. C. Dedrick, who served more than twenty 
years. G. W. Smiley, William IT. Wollston. Daniel 
['ease. A. W. Townsend and T. W. Dodge. 

Malta sent ninety-four men to serve in the Civil 
wa i'. 

Tin' village of Malta wa- visited in 1ST2 by a 
destructive fire in the business portions. This 
pan of the village was again rebuilt of wood and 
remained intact until the fire of 1894, when the 
business portion of Malta sull'ered heavy loss. 
The lire started at half pasl ten and the nighl 
being dark and threatening, few people were on 
the streets. The fire started in the store of Mr. 
Haish by an explosion of a kerosene lamp. The 
fire spread rapidly and in less than two hours thir- 
teen buildings were consumed and the loss esti- 
mated at one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 

The buildings consumed were ('. W. llai-h's 
double store, the Hopkins buildings, occupied by 
Oscar Scott. W. L. Stevens' store, Samuel Veale's 
store, occupied by Badgley & Jacobs, druggists, 
W. E. Harp's, John Ball's, F. Barker's, George 
Burke',-, the Wright building and the D. F. Tease 
-tori'. Messages were sen! to De Kalb for assist- 
ance, but upon the arrival of the De Kalb firemen 
they found the De Kalb engine would not fit the 
engine house connections and it was impossible 
to get any water from that source. The fire fight- 



ing was kept up by the bucket brigade. A drench- 
ing rain set in. which helped stop the spread of 
the fire, but caused great loss to parties having 
good? uncovered. The town was rapidly rebuilt 
with brick structures, and mi the whole the [ire, 
which was considered at the time a great catastro- 
phe, has proved a benefit to the village. 


South Grove was na «l Driscoll's Grove be- 
fore the township organization of the county in 
1850. It was then .ailed Vernon, and finally 
South Grove, as it was the firsi grove south of 
the large woods along the Kishwaukee in the 
north part of the county. 'Die first settlers of 
tlie large woods along the Kishwaukee in the 
north part of the county. The first settlers of 
this township were Solomon Wells, Nathaniel 
Hatch and William Driscoll. David Driscoll took 
up a claim in 1836. The farm occupied by Wil- 
liam Driscoll is now owned by his son Decatur. 
The farm of Solomon Wells, which was bought 
of the Driscolls, is now owned by George Adee. 
The Nathaniel Hatch farm is the one now owned 
by William Masterson. Benjamin Worden settled 
on his homestead about 1838. The Orputs settled 
Orput's Grove in 1839, where are now the James 
Gibson and Robert Byers homesteads. Barnabas 
Hatch and Dexter Beeman came in 1810. In 18 11 
James Byers, Sr., came with his wife and family 
of three sons and two daughters from Delaware 
county. New York. They located on the farm 
which is now owned by William Byers. The next 
war came Jesse Tindall and family, in 1843 Jon- 
athan Adee. and in 1844 Matthew Thompson 
with their large families settled on farms now 
owned by their descendants. Henry and Oliver 
Safford came from Massachusetts in 1845 and 
located where John Masterson now lives. Oliver 
went to California and Henry afterward owned 
the farm which is now James Casey's. John S. 
Brown came from Michigan in 1846, and located 
on what is now the Asa Byers homestead, .lames 
Gibson and wife came from Scotland in 1848 and 
purchased the Orpttt farm some years later. In 
1851 James and Thomas Renwick worked for 
•lames Byers. Sr., and a few years later bought 
of Henry Mix, a land speculator, the land now 

owned In .lame- 1,'enwiek. Daniel McMurchy and 
Robert Hutchinson. 

The land was unsurveyed when first settled and 
a "claim" was held by staking out the land and 
plowing a i'linou around it. or by blazing in the 
grove. The Driscolls claimed about three hun- 
dred acres of the grove and later settlers respected 
their claim and purchased of them ••claim rights," 
and in addition paid the governmenl on.' dollar 
and a quarter per acre after the land was sur- 
veyed. James Byers, Sr.. bought of them for 
three hundred dollars the right to seventy acres of 
timber and as much prairie as lie chose to plow 

In 1842 or 1843 the governmeni survey was 
made and the land put in the market. The land 
office was located at Dixon. John Dement was re- 
ceiver. It was a very anxious time for the set- 
tlers who had no money to pay for their land, so 
they banded together against would-be purchasers 
and agreed to protect each others" rights from ttie 
"land sharks," who would rob them of their homes. 
There was no "ciaim jumping'" in South Grove, 
so the argument of fists, firearm- and tar were not 
used here, as in some localities. 

Alter the .Mexican war land warrants wi'i-c is- 
sued, giving each soldier otic hundred and sixty 
neie- ol' bind to lie located wherever he chose. 
These could at one time be bought in the market 
for oil" hundred and twelve dollars, making land 
very cheap, seventy cents an acre. The first set- 
tlers came in their wagons. The journey from 
New York took four weeks, the family walking 
m iieh of the way to spare the horses. 

Tin' Frink and Walker line of four-horse stages 
ran from Chicago to Galena daily, the lead mines 
being then a craze. These stages brought the 
mail to the postoffice at the home of James Byers, 
Sr.. who was first postmaster. His first year's sal- 
ary was the magnificent sum of two dollars and 
sixty-four cents. The office supplied the country 
for fifteen miles around. The papers that came 
were the Chicago Democrat, edited 1>\ John Went- 
worth, Greeley's New York Tribune, and the only 
magazine was Godey's Lady's Book. The post- 
master's children read everything that came to the 
office, except the letters, and the penwritten post- 
marks of these served a- lessons in geography, but 
letters were few. for the postage was twenty-five 



The first religious services in the town were 
held by Rev. Isaac Norton, a Freewill Baptist min- 
ister. For tin- sum <>f thirty-five dollars Mr. Nor- 
ton agreed to hold services twice a month fur one 
war. commencing in the 'all of 1842. Levi Lee, 

who has been menti id prominently in the county 

history; was the first Methodist preacher to hold 
religious services in South Grove. The class was 
organized in 1842, which continues in existence. 
Services wi re held I'm- a time in the South Grove 
schoolhouse and tor the last few years at Clare 
Methodist Episcopal church. This church organi- 
zation is made up of four smaller congregations — 
the Mayfield Town Hall charge, the South Grove 

„e. the one of the Clark schoolhouse, ate 
Episcopalian appointment held at the Clare school. 
Tli. -. constitute one excellent church society, 
which everts a splendid influence over the circuit. 

The first school was taught in the winter of 
1841-2 by -lame- By< rs, Sr., in a small room in his 
cabin. The pupils came from distances of five or 
sis miles. The text-1 ks used were tic Elemen- 
tal spelling book, Daboll's arithmetic. English 
reader, geography and a copj book and any other 
text-books the} happened i" have. They paid tui- 
tion in corn, potatoes and pork. In 1842-3 the in- 
habitants clubbed together and built a log school- 
house by voluntary labor in the center of the grovi 
Mr. Byer's salarj original!; was in !»■ ten dollars 
a month and hoard himself, and ow ing to the gn at 
scarcity <•< rnonej took In- paj a- above stated. 
The young men ami women about the Grove will 
never forget thai school — ho^ the kind, genial 
voice of the teacher, softening down its rugged 
Scotch, cheered them over the frightful alps of -a. 
h. al.." and -tun limes one are two." — how the 
eyes were always blind to any fun anil the laugh 
was ever a- long and loud as that of the merriest 
urchin. No wonder thai those boys and girls, a 
portion of them, "played the mischief with some 
of the teachers who succeeded this model one. 

The first public schoolhouse was erected in the 
grove. It was of Logs, hut nicely built, and con- 
sidered quite a capacious one; though it was. after 
a lime, pretty well filled with its sixty scholars. It 
was twenty by twenty-two feet and well lighted, 
having a window live or six panes in width and two 
in height at each end of the building. Mr. H. C. 
Beard and Mr. T. K. Waite of Sycamore were 
anion" the successful teachers in the loo- school- 

house. The second schoolhouse was built on a 
line sile donated to the district by Mr. James 
Bvers, Sr.. in 1854, and in 1868 another — a very 
pleasant and commodious one, the former having 
been destroyed by fire — was erected in the same 

The first building was of logs, made without 
nails, doors of ""shakes" pinned together and were 
opened with latch strings hanging from the wooden 
latch. The chinks were stopped with clay. The 
first dwellings had puncheon floor.- hut the school- 
bouse floor was of boards. These were obtained 
by drawing loos to Levi Lee's sawmill on the Ki-h- 
waukee, near Kingston, eighteen miles, where they 
were -awed into hoards. Half the board- were 
paid for sawing. The shake shingles were made 
with an ax. wedge and throw; they were held in 
phue on the roof by poles. The -eats were slabs 
with sticks lor legs. There was a window on each 
sidi of the house. The chimneys were then made 
of two boxes, the smaller inside and the space be- 
tween Idled with mud. When the mud was dry 
and hard the inside box was burned and the chim- 
ney was complete. The first comers used a fire- 
place, very apt to smoke, but the schoolhouse was 
warmed by a box-shaped iron stove. 

The girls wore dresses of linsey woolsey and 
looked as pretty as their granddaughters do in 
their silk-. One girl's best dress was made of 
white sheeting, colored with black walnut hark. 
I i dye was not a success ami the children made 
fun of it. The boys' suits were of a cheap gray 

cotton E Is called ■"bard times cloth." Their 

coats were ••W.IIIIIMU--I -." a loose blouse affair, 
coming well over the hips and belted around the 
waist. The feet dressed with moccasins made 
of sole leather. Sylvester Sutton made them. 
Some wore shoes made by the traveling cobbler. 
Hats were home made of coon or rabbit skin or 

The evening entertainments were the spelling 
schools, in which contests the girls usually won. 
hut they took no part in the debates on the ques- 
tion whether fire or water was the stronger ele- 
ment, or whether there was more pleasure in an- 
ticipation or in participation. The judges chosen 
to decide the "weight of argument'"' were William 
T. Adee. John Orput, William Byers and others 
of the older boys. There were singing schools, too. 
ami after houses were large enough, parties. The 



schoolhouse served also as a place for religious 
meetings, and the Rev. Mr. Norton of honored 
memory was the first minister. The first funeral 
in town was that of the little daughter of James 
Byers, Sr. The funeral sermon was preached by 
Rev. Levi Lee. The interment was on the east 
side of the grove and the land was afterward do- 
nated to the town for a cemetery by James Byers. 
Sr. Many years afterward the South Grove church 
was built at Dustin and it has since served as the 
place of worship for people of all denominations. 

The food for the settlers' first year was mostly 
cornmeal, pork and potatoes. A pound of tea 
lasted a family a year. The next year wheat was 
raised. It was ground at St. Charles, thirty miles 
distant. The fruits found in the woods were crab- 
apples, plums and gooseberries. 

The wheat was cut with a cradle and tramped 
out by horses on a cleared place on the prairie and 
was cleaned from chaff by pouring in the wind. 
It was drawn to Chicago, a round trip of five 
days. A load of forty bushels sold for forty cents 
a bushel, half cash and half trade. The hotel 
charges were fifty cents for supper, breakfast and 
lodging and hay for two horses, dinner a shilling, 
so that the farmer could at best bring home not 
more than five or six dollars in cash and cheap 
cloth, leather for shoes, salt and a few groceries. 

The first hotel in town was kept by Solomon 
Wells, later by Jonathan Adee on the now George 
Adee farm. There were no taxes on land until it 
was surveyed, and only a small tax on personal 
property. Money was scarce; labor, grain, pork 
and potatoes served instead. The wages in harvest 
were two bushels of wheat a day, or about fifty 
cents. When wheat became a cash article there 
was money to pay the government for land. 

The first plows used were made by C. W. 
Branch, father of Hiram Branch, of Kingston. 
The mold board was made of straps of iron about 
two inches wide with spaces of the same, width. 
The woodwork was made by Nathaniel Hatch, 
who hewed the timber for a beam and carefully 
selected crooked sticks in the grove for handles. 
Four yoke, of cattle were used to break the tough 
prairie sod. The first reaper was a McCormick 
bought by John S. Brown and James Byers, Sr., 
for one hundred and thirty dollars, in 1847 or 

In 1853, when it was rumored that a railroad 
would lie built through the town, speculators pur- 
chased nearly all (if the government land left, but 
the railroad failed to materialize. The purchasers 
entered with land warrants and bought for eighty 
cents pei- acre land now worth sixty and sixty-five 
dollars per acre. 

In is.")! Ichabod Richmond, an erratic, enter- 
prising genius, built a sawmill and grist mill on 
Owen's creek, section 26, but a quantity id' water 
sufficient to operate it was not found, except in 
case of a freshet. A similar experiment was made 
by Barnaby Hatch further down the stream. 

The history of this fertile region is interwoven 
with many romantic and even tragic incidents. It 
is said that "Brodie's Grove," situated near the 
west line of what is now the town of Dement, was 
the rendezvous of an organized band of bandits. 
Benjamin Worden lias related that about the year 
1840 he had a fine team of horses, considered in 
those days very valuable property, and nightly 
slept in his stable, much against his will, in order 
to protect himself from horse thieves. "< >ld Brodie" 
had taken a fancy to Worden, and hearing of this 
practice inquired the reason why. Worden respond- 
ed that there were many thieves about and he feared 
that his horses would be stolen, whereupon the old 
man informed Ben that lie need have no fears, as 
his property was safe. "Uncle Ben" did not doubt 
Ins sincerity. However, walking across the prairie 
one day he discovered a cavity carefully dug out 
and covered with boards and nicely arranged sods. 
so that no trace of a cave could be found. Its 
nearness to this lonely grove, together with the 
foregoing incident, proved to his mind conclu- 
sively that this was a place of concealment for the 
booty of those daring marauders, who as history 
further states, "roamed the billowy prairies in 
those early days as pirates rove the seas." This 
and other stories and a record of the tragic fate of 
many will he found on the pages of current history. 

Many incidents are cited which show the skill, 
daring and courage of the pioneer women, amid 
prairie fires and attacks from wolves and the red 
man, for at that time the howl of the wolf was 
nightly heard and the Indian trail was here found, 
the chief Big Thunder, with his braves, making the 
surjounding woodland the place 'of temporary 



To those who are as yet unfamiliar with the 
many beauties of their own county, and especially 
this favored spot, the picturesque town of South 
Grove will offer a pleasing panorama. The land 
is pleasantly undulating; the undersoil seems 
adapted for the drainage of the surface and vege- 
tation i- early and of rapid growth. There is 
scarcely an acre of waste land within its borders. 
More n heat is grown here than in any other town- 
ship except Pierce. The highest point of land be- 
tween Chicago and the Mississippi river is in the 
southern part of South Grove. Owen's creek, a 
beautiful stream of water, i rosses the entire length 
of the town on its way to the Kishwaukee, through 
prairie, woodland and meadow. In it- course the 
stream widens several times, forming small lakes, 
and mimic harbors, its clear water contrasting 
beautifully with the darl green foliage, and is not 
only a delight to him who finds "tongues in trees 
and books in running brooks," but also to the devo- 
tee of [saak Walton. In the grove wild fruits and 
Hi. wer> of all kinds abound : the plum, thorn apple, 
gooseberry, tin violet, spring beauty, mandrake 
ami maidenhair fern. 

The township was organized in l s -">o and John 
s. Brown was elected first supervisor, lie was fol- 
lowed by William M. Byers, ami some descendant 
of this gentleman has filled the office at intervals 
up i" tin' present time. A great camp meeting 
was held at tlir grove in I860, at which leading 
ministers from abroad addressed vast audiences, 
ami much religious interest was aroused. At a 
much earlier day there were occasional religious 
revivals, which were remarkable for the great 
earnestness exhibited by the converts among that 
primitive population, and. it may be added, by 
extraordinary and exciting scenes in their meet- 
ings. ViiiuTig mam aneedutes -till related with 
great gusto is the following: A very worthy but 
previously profane convert rising to his feet to 
urge hi- hearers to greater zeal and earnestness in 
religious duty, fell, unconsciously, into his old 
mode of expression and exclaimed: "Brethren, I 
like to see a man. if he pretends to be a num. to 
be a h — 11 of a man: and if be pretends to be a 
Christian to be a h — 11 of a Christian."' 

Hotels are things of the past, but they were "in- 
stitutions" in their day when the St. Charles and 
Oregon State Road, running through South Grove 

nearly at its center, was the great highway of the 
region and traveled by teams heavily loaded with 
grain, even from so far west as the Mississippi 
river. One of the hotels, that which stands on the 
farm of Mr. Masterson, and occupied by him as a 
dwelling house, was kept for a while by Mr. Bee- 
man. It is still in a good state of preservation. 
especially the hall, which was dedicated to the 
goddess Terpsichore; and many a resident of De 
Kalb county will remember as long as he lives the 
pleasant gatherings at Beeman's when what was 
wanting in elegance was made up in merriment. 
The other was kept by Mr. Adee near the grove, 
and it is imi to be wondered at that that gentle- 
man i- 11- ■ w so well off in life when it is remem- 
bered how exorbitant were his charge- — fort] or 
forty-five cents being required for only supper. 
lodging, breakfast ami hay fur a span of horses or 
a yoke of oxen. 

But while the hotels Wile so Well ] iat I'l illizeil il 

was a hard time for the farmers. Again and again 
the teamster- who had taken tin' leads of grain — 
the product of the whole season's hard toil- over 
that long, weary way to Chicago, Mould not bring 
back money enough even to pay their trifling bills 
— a few groceries, a little bundle of cloth, perhaps 
a pair or two of cheap shoes, besides food for their 
families, being all the avails of a year's hard smug- 
glings. But the men and women of this region 
put their shoulders to the wheel and called upon 
the gods, and by and by Hercules came in the form 
of a railroad. 

During the rebellion South Grove furnished one 
hundred and three volunteers and raised for the 
war eleven thousand, one hundred and twenty- 
seven dollars. Mr. John S. Brown, in 1862, 
raised a company of soldiers for the Fifty-second 
Regiment. He was made captain. The Safford 
brothers both enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Fifth, both were wounded ami both made cap- 
tains. Henry was afterward elected sheriff of this 
county, in 1868. While these officers served their 
country in a more public capacity than did the 
privates, their services are remembered with no 
more gratitude than is due the boys in blue in the 
common ranks. 

With the coming of the railroad, or its near 
prospect, there was a rush of settlers, the Curriers, 
McClellans, Beckers, Rickards, Masons. Doanes, 



McKenzies and Christmans were among the num- 
ber who came and most of their descendants still 
own property in town. Mrs. S. S. Currier, who, 
with her husband, came to South Grove in 1S53 
from New Hampshire, was for many years promi- 
nently connected with the literature of New Eng- 
land, furnishing many articles of the best publi- 
cations of her day. She was the author of "Alice 
Tracey, or Through the Wilderness," "By the 
Sea" and "The Trapper's Niece." She died in 
1895. Hugh McQueen came from Scotland in 
1868. He was a true type of the Scotch Presby- 
terian Christian, one of the type that has made 
"Old Scotia loved at home, revered abroad." 

Although in early days there was a prospect of 
a railroad, it was not until 1887 that it became a 
Teality. It was then built by the Chicago & Great 
Western Company and passed from east to west 
through South Grove. A station was established 
near its western border named Esmond, and the 
postofnees of Deerfield, Prairie and Dustin were 
merged into the Esmond postoffice, with Martin 
Kennedy as postmaster. He held the office until 
the republicans came into power, when he was 
succeeded by William McKenzie, the present in- 
cumbent. Kennedy Brothers, Messrs. Daniel and 
Martin, opened the first store and until very re- 
cently continued as proprietors. They have now- 
sold their stock of goods and Will McKenzie is the 
only merchant in the town. Kennedy Brothers 
.started the first elevator and are successfully op- 
erating the same. A very pretty church was 
built two years ago and the population of the 
little town has now grown to about a hundred 
people, making their livelihood through deals with 
the farmers who have made South Grove one of 
the most prosperous farming communities of the 
county. The I. I. & M. Railroad runs through a 
section of South Grove. 

The first supervisor of the town was John S. 
Brown, in 1850; William M. Byers, 1851-2; Jesse 
Tindall, 1853-4; John S. Brown, 1855-6; James 
Byers, Jr., 1857-8; John S. Brown, 1859; W. T. 
Adee, 1860-1 ; William M. Byers, 1862-3 ; George 
A. Gilis, 1864-5; James Byers, Jr., 1866-7; A. C. 
Thompson, 1868-71; William M. Byers, 1872-5; 
James Gibson, 1876; Henry Christman, 1877-8; 
James Byers, 1879-1904; M. McMurchy, 1904-07. 


Franklin, the northwest township of the county, 
has more streams of running water and more 
timber than any other township of the county. 
The townships of Franklin, Kingston and Genoa, 
that of the northern tier of the count}', was in- 
eluded in the Polish survey and put on the mar- 
ket several years earlier than the twelve towns 
south of it. This accounts for the fact that the 
survey of lands do not coincide with those of the 
towns below it. The settlement of Franklin be- 
gan in 1836 and it is now believed that the first 
settlers of Franklin were Andrew and William 
Miles and Samuel Corey. When they came to 
Franklin that part of the township known now 
as the Suter fami was still occupied by a small 
settlement of Pottowattomie Indians. Here they 
ground their corn and had their place of worship. 
They had a totem pole surmounted by an idol, 
where they had their religious offices. This idol 
was in the possession of Ebe Lucas' family for 
many years. The other settlers that came into the 
town this year and the year following were Daniel 
Gilchrist, T. H. Humphrey, Theophilus- Watkins, 
Samuel, Charles and Henry nicks, Andrew Brown, 
Harry Holmes. Allen Gardner, W. T. Kirk, a Mr. 
Owen, from whom Owen creek takes its name, B, 
M. Dean, John McDowell, Alvah and James Ben- 
nett, Daniel Cronkhite, Martin M. Mack, Spence 
Myers, Ira Dibble and Squire J. M. Riddle. In 
1837 the Hicks brothers built a mill near what 
was known afterward as the Hicks ford and later 
this locality is spoken of as the Hicks' Mill coun- 
try. In 1837 those who came suffered from the 
financial depression that was general over the 
country and when that land came into the market 
they were unable to pay the dollar and a quarter, 
an acre, so their claims were purchased by Dr. 
Hobert in 1842. Around Hicks' Mill sprang up 
quite a village. There were stores and blacksmith 
shops and it bid fair to be one of the thriving 
burgs of the county. Dr. Hobert at the time of 
the purchase of the Hicks' claim was a man of 
considerable wealth. He was president of the 
Claims Association of that locality and was promi- 
nent in town and county affairs. Thoroughly edu- 
cated and enthusiastic in the practice of his pro- 
fession, he was a man of fine appearance, possessed 
great ambition and acquired a large amount of 



property, bill to the surprise of ;ill who knew him 
died of delirium tremens in the earlj '50s. Eicks' 
Mil] postoffice was instituted in 1841, with Samuel 
Hick- ,i- postmaster, and the receipts of that office 
for that year were seven dollars and seventy-two 
cents. Blood's Point was also an early postoffice, 
a place well known over the country, as it was 
just across the line in the county of Boone, and 
many of the settlers had that as their place of 
business. Lacey postoffice was established on the 
east side of tin- town and remained quite a village 
until the building of the railway in 1876. The 
Lacey postoffice the B.rs1 year of its existence shows 
an income of a dollar and twenty-four cents. 

The first marriages recorded in this locality were 
• Ion,- Abernethy ami Betsey Rand, Miles Abern- 
etby and Lucy Hatch. Daniel Hatch ami Miss 
Abernethy. The firsl school was taught by Bi 

Hand in a lot; scl Ihouse on - ction 20, in 1842, 

and tin- has long since been replaced by a more 
pretenl ious building. 

Thomas W. Humphrey, who came to this town 
at an early day. was a prominent citizen and 
lawyer and a man of education and refinement. 
He died at nn early age in 1844. His eldest son, 
General T. W. Humphrey, was at thai tunc eighl 
win- of age. Martin M. Mack was the county 
commissioner and a man well known throughout 
the county. \V. T. Kirk was one of the large 
land-owners of this township and at one time 
had in his possession fifteen hundred acres, lie 
served In- town many years as supervisor. The 

people in the neighborh 1 of Sicks' Mill were 

generally from the southern states, especially Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee, while those who came at a 
later day were from the New- England ami middle 
-tat-. Dr. Basset! was the first physician, lie 
subsequently removed to Sycamore ami was one 
of the early physicians of that township. 

The tornado of Is:,:; -truck the township of 
Franklin, passing through Kingston. It picked 
up the housi ol John Young, first lifted it up. 
shattered it. and it was carried off in pieces which 
were never found. Mrs. Young was instantly 
killed. It next struck the residence of Ira Dean, 
and a lady relative visiting there had her hack 
broken and died soon afterward. Two boys at 
the house were Mown out of tin' window, but 
were nut -, • r i o 1 1 - 1 v hurt. Many other houses and 
barns were unroofed and destroyed. A similar 

storm passed through the town in I860, striking 
Franklin near the Kishwaukee river. When the 
tornado struck the river it scooped the water out, 
leaving its bed dry for an instant. It then pass d 
through the timber and took everything before it. 
making a roadway of ruin about twenty rods in 

The village of Kirkland was platted in lsOi anil 
has grown to he one of the thriving towns of the 
county. It has a population of between eight or 
nine hundred, has a splendid graded school, of 
which Professor I. F. Conover i- superintendent. 
The first church was built in this village in 1S85. 
The Methodist church service was held in the 
public school building until L886, when the pres- 
ent edifice was completed. The Swedish Lutheran 
church was built in 1888, and the Congregational 
church bought this >i\ years later. The hotel is 
owned and operated by J. 1>. Morris, present coro- 
ner of the county. Aside from being a well built 
town. Kirkland can boas! of the largest sheep 
-'nil- on the Milwaukee road between Chicago 
and the mountains. They are owned and operated 
by John McQueen, and have a capacity of one hun- 
dred thousand -keep. The town i- well supplied 
with stores of everj nature and ha- been -nice i t -« 
organization a prominent railroad center. 

Pairdale, formerly known as Fielding, was 
platted in 1876 ami for a time was much larger 
ami more prosperous than Kirkland. The first 
building in this town was ere, ted by Lewis Keith 
and he carried a line of general merchandise. L. 
W. King started the first drug store. Henry 
O'Rourke built the first building. The Methodist 
church, which stood about three miles west of the 
village, was moved into Fairdale soon after it was 
-tailed nml a new building now replaces tin- old 
one and is one of the most spacious Methodist 
churches in the county. After Kirkland became 
a coaling and watering station, where all trains 
stopped, it grew rapidly, outstripping Fairdale on 
the west, anil owing to its splendid railroad service 
does a freight business and the percentage of busi- 
ness i- of greater proportions than many town- 
four time- it- size. 

Franklin furnished ninety-nine men for the na- 
tion during the Civil strife, and of the number 
entering the service quite a number became promi- 
nent. Among that number was Thomas W. Hum- 
phrey, who. being left an orphan at the age of 

.rtv-flvr miles 
,n<l morning he 

X0N31 'HOJ. S y' 

were no1 si 
barns were u« 



eight years, struggled with the hardships of fron- 
tier life and began at a very young age to operate 
the farm owned by his mother. lie acquired an 
excellent education for Ins circumstances, worked 
his way through the Beloit College, became deputy 
circuit clerk of De Kalb county, married at twen- 
ty-one, and during the same year purchased the 
Humphrey homestead. He was always a bold, 
brave, venturesome youth, whose integrity and 
manliness of character made every one his friend. 
For years he taught country school during the 
winter and in 1861 crossed the plains to California 
and on the expedition heroically rescued an emi- 
grant and his family from a tribe of hostile In- 
dians. Eeturning in 1862, he raised a company 
of volunteers from the borders of De Kalb, Boone 
and McHenry counties. Many of the boys enlist- 
ing in his regiment had been his students in the 
country school. This company was made a part 
of the Ninety-fifth Illinois Infantry and Mr. 
Humphrey was elected major. He devoted himself 
with energy and ardor to the profession of arms 
and soon held a commanding position in the regi- 
ment. He was promoted to the position of lieu- 
tenant-colonel for meritorious service and upon 
the resignation of Colonel Avery was made colo- 
nel. He took part in 1 1 1 < ■ stunning of Vicksburg 
on the 19th and 22d of May, 1863, was wounded 
on the first day, but continued at the head of the 
regiment. On the 22d lie was ordered to lead his 
regiment across a bridge in the face of an enfilad- 
ing fire from the enemy. He put himself at the 
head of the regiment and was one of the three who 
finally passed over. He took refuge behind a 
hill and while here was stunned by the explosion 
of a shell and was reported killed, but during the 
night crawled back to camp. Horace Greeley in 
his valuable work, "A Great American Conflict." in 
giving his report of the disastrous battle of Gun- 
town, where Colonel Humphrey lost his life, says: 
"The command of the expedition in pursuit of 
Forest was given to General Sturgis in spite of 
the fact that he had proven himself an incom- 
petent officer." He speaks in highest terms of 
Colonel Humphrey. The army were compelled to 
march on double quick during the sultry forenoon 
of June 10th and were completely exhausted on 
reached the place of battle. Instead of waiting for 
his artillery and organizing his army for a gen- 
eral movement. General Sturgis ordered one regi- 

ment to charge at a time. When the orders 
reached Colonel Humphrey he suggested to Gen- 
eral Sturgis that it would be better to wait until 
he could be supported by the regiment but that he 
was there to obey orders. Without any further 
conversation he headed his regiment for the 
enemy and was one of the first to lose his life. He 
was mortally wounded, placed in an ambulance, 
and carried twelve miles to the rear, but before 
reaching the destination he died from loss of 
blood, occasioned by the jar of the ambulance. 
His body was then taken in charge by one of his 
;i ids. placed in a single buggy and taken to Mem- 
phis, a distance of sixty miles. There the body 
was embalmed, placed in a steel casket and sent 
to his home in Franklin. His brevet as brigadier 
general was issued two days previous to his death 
and reached his home in Franklin while his body 
was a corpse at the old homestead. At the time 
of his death General Humphrey was twenty-nine 
years of age and no man in De Kalb county had 
a brighter.mihtary future. Beneath the old wal- 
nuts and oaks of the family home the largest con- 
course that ever ' assembled at a funeral in De 
Kalb gathered to do honor to the memory of the 
martyred hero. The funeral was conducted by 
Major-General Stephen Ilulhert, of Belvidere, who 
escorted the remains from Memphis to Franklin. 
The funeral sermon was preached by W. A. Atch- 
ison, the Methodist preacher, who was chaplain of 
one of the regiments that went to the front in 
1861. The Thomas W. Humphrey post, G. A. P., 
was organized in Kirkland in 1885, with the Hon. 
Charles F. Myer as commander. Franklin sent 
John B. Nash, who became captain in the One 
Hundred and Fifth; Lieutenant Hiram Harring- 
ton, who died during the war; Lieutenant Samuel 
Munson, John M. Schoonmaker and John W. 
Burst, all of the One Hundred and Fifth Illinois 
Infantry. Lieutenant Burst entered the Fifteenth 
Infantry, but lost his sight while on duty in Mis- 
souri, by the poison of a scorpion. After nearly 
six months' blindness he recovered, and full of 
ardor for the great cause re-enlisted in the One 
Hundred and Fifth, and after two years' faithful 
service, in the battle of New Hope Church, lie lost 
his leg by the explosion of a shell. His leg was 
amputated in the field hospital and the next day 
he was taken across the mountains forty-five miles 
to Kingston, Georgia. The second morning he 



was placed on a train in the freight ear and taken 
to Chattanooga. On arriving there he was at 
once carried into the receiving tent and the wound 
was examined. Gangrene had set in and he was 
ordered to the gangrene morgue. Another am- 
putation was promptly made, but the wound did 
Mil heal and a third amputation was made after 
i rival at home about the middle of July. 1864. 
II. was commissioned captain but never mustered 
in. the commission being received after the loss of 
his leg. Major Burst was appointed postmaster, 
in 1866, at Sycamore, and entering the railway 
mail service was appointed in 1881 by Governor 
Oglesby as warehouse registrar and at the request 
of Jeremiah Husk, secretary ol agriculture, was 
appointed inspector of emigration in Chicago. 
In 1894 he was quartermaster general of the G. 
A. E. In the fall of 1896, during the famous 
free silver campaign, he was one of a party or- 
ganized by General Alger and composed of Gen 
erals Howard, Sickles, Stuarl and Marden and 
Corpora] Tanner. They made a tour of thirteen 
states in the interest of William MeKinley. After 
McKinley became presidenl Major Bursi was again 
appointed inspector of emigration in Chicago, 
which office he is still holding. 

The others who lost their lives and who enlisted 
for service in the war from the town of Franklin. 
we give the following: Thomas W. Humphrey, 
Hiram S. Harrington, W. Miles, Wesley Witter, 
John Stokes. Eustus Lusher, Henry Kline. Alonzo 
Randall, J. II. Strawn, W .1.. Foss, C. E. Foss, A. 
G. Foss, S. L. Cronkhite, [saac Weaver, Perry C. 
Rowan. Danford Gorham, J. G. Griffin and John 

In 18(36 the Methodist church was built at 
Charter Oak. when- a postoffice had been main- 
tained for many years. After the building of the 
railway and the building up of Kirkland, the 
Methodist church was organized there. People 
gradually removed from this locality into Kirk- 
land. so that at present the memberships of the 
Bethel church in Mayfield and of the Charter Oak 
church have been taken out, the members uniting 
with the organization at Kirkland. The Baptist 
church of Sycamore was organized in this town- 
ship in 1S50. In 1004 the T. I. & M. road was 
built through the town of Franklin, touching 
Kirkland on the south. 

The citizens of Franklin who are well known 
outside of the limits of their town are I. 1!. Drake. 
who was a farmer on section 29, served his town 
several vears as supervisor. J. W. Ellithorpe, 
farmer and storekeeper east of the present village 
of Fairdale. He was a man of good ability and 
was at one time mentioned prominently as a can- 
didate for senator, and bad it not been for the 
treachery of some of the politicians of his own 
town might have been nominated. 

Hon. C. F. Myer was born in Germany and 
came to Franklin in 1862. Before a year had 
passed he had become proficient in the English 
language and was teaching a district -ehool. He 

enlisted in the regiment, returned 

in Franklin ami married a daughter of John M. 
Sehoonmaker ami engaged in fanning. Mr. Myer, 
being a man of splendid attainment-, succeeded 
well in business, served as town supervisor for 
many terms and in many other capacities. In 1892 
he served in the legislature at Springfield ami is 
at present visiting his mother, who still live,-, in 
• (ermany. 

<;. W. Ault. a producl of De Kalb county, bum 
in Mayfield township, attended district and graded 
schools, served as clerk in the bank at Kirkland, 
then assistant cashier and finally became a partner 
with D. B. Brown, upon whose death he succeeded 
to the business and i- a1 present managing one 
of the strong financial institutions of the county. 

.Mr. Ault is a mi f but thirty-eight years ami 

hi- sound business judgment and his success a- a 
financier speaks well of his uncommon ability in 
this direcl ion. 

The sons of Daniel Gilchrist, one of the early 
pioneers, Warren, and Charles, have been promi- 
nent in township affairs. Warren served nearly a 
quarter of a century in the office of assessor, was 
a man respected and liked by every one. He died 
on his farm about ten years ago. Charles Gilchrist. 
is a bachelor and leads rather a retiring life: is a 
man well read and is of that nature that to know 
i m' I \ is but to respect. Few men with the 
opportunities for an education that was offered him 
in pioneer days are better posted on current, affairs 
than is Mr. Gilchrist. The only fault that we can 
fined with Charles is that his beautiful home east 
of the village was not shared by a mistress that 
might have added sunshine and made this bachelor 
even more happy and contented than he now is. 



Another gentleman in thi town of Franklin that 

deserves special mention is the genial Scotch gen- 
tleman, Jolm McQueen. Born on the other side 
of the water, he had attained his majority when 
lie left Anld Scotia's shore for the hind of promise. 
He at present conducts the largest sheep industry 
in this section of the country. He at presenl owns 
the sheep sheds which have a capacity of one hun- 
dred and fifty thousand sheep. In addition he is 

tl wner of fifteen hundred acres of land in the 

vicinity of Kirkland, which is used during the 
summer and fall for feeding the vast numbers of 
sheep that are brought to Kirkland from the west 
and are here prepared for final marketing. This 
industry naturally gives employment to a large 
number of people and gives a splendid demand for 
the produce of the farm. Two families of this 
township deserve especial mention and have con- 
tributed largely in the building up of this com- 
munity. W. T. Kirk, prominent in town and 
county affairs and at one time the largest land- 
owner in the township, settled here in 1837. He 
had a large family of children, who were engaged 
in business in Kirkland at different times. Wil- 
liam Rowan, progenitor of the Rowan family, set- 
tled here in the early '10s. He had a large family 
of sons, who had attained their manhood when 
they came to Franklin township. Boyd D. Rowan 
was one of the successful financiers of De Kalb 
county and organized the present Kirkland Rank. 
Stephen G. Rowan was prominently identified with 
the public affairs of Franklin township. He reared 
a family of five children, who are making excellent 
success in life. Bainbridge Dean in his life time 
was the owner of the "Prairie Home" farm of six 
hundred acres, was supervisor of his town for 
many years and in company with Boyd Rowan 
established the bank now owned by G. W. Ault. 


Victor, one of the younger townships of the 
county, was at first, a part of the town of Clinton. 
The first settlers who came to this section, now 
known as Victor, were Jeremiah Mulford, first 
postmaster under Van Ruren and who named the 
post-office after his favorite president. During the 
same year W. H. Keene, Aruna Reckwith, James 
Green, Newton Stearns, Peleg Sweet, George N. 
Stratton, Simon Suydam, IT. C. Beard and W. R. 

Prescott took up claims in this locality, and during 
the next li\e years all of the land of the town- 
ship was entered. The completion of the C. B. 
& Q. Railroad and the establishment of a station 
at Somonauk proved advantageous to this section 
and the next year settlers came in rapidly and 
soon all the rich prairie was filled with thrifty, 
industrious people. Many Germans and Irish were 
among the number and also quite a colony of Xor- 
wegians. Also W. H. Keene and grandmother. 
Hopestill Fritz, who died a few years after com- 
ing to Victor, at the age of ninety years. It was 
a pleasant memory of her life time, which she 
used to frequently relate that "Shortly after 
Washington had crossed the Delaware into Penn- 
sylvania the general and his staff stopped at the 
home of her father to get a drink. She hastened 
in the house, brought out some milk and supplied 
the general and his staff to their heart's content." 
Hopestill Fritz was buried in the Suydam ceme- 
tery, and owing to her splendid patriotism and 
her memories of "the father of his country," her 
grave is decorated each year with flowers such as 
are strewn over the graves of the boys who served 
in the later wars of the republic. 

Victor is not crossed by any railroads and is 
exclusively an agricultural township, there being 
no villages or towns within its borders, and there 
is no postoffice in this section at the present time 
since the inaguration of the rural mail route. The 
Suydam church was built by the Methodists in 
the early '70s and is the only house of worship in 
the i own. Services, however, are held by the 
Methodists in the Green town schoolhouse. This 
schoolhouse, one of the best country school build- 
ings in the count v. was erected for the double pur- 
pose of school and church service. 

After Victor was given a separate organization 
in 1853 Benjamin Darland was elected its first su- 
pervisor. The northeastern part of the town was 
settled largely by United Presbyterians and among 
the number were J. C. Beveridge. who served the 
town many years as supervisor and for over thirty 
years was school treasurer. Hiram Loucks served 
his town for years as supervisor and was after- 
wards elected a member of the legislature. Hiram 
C. Beard, one of the early settlers of this town, 
taught the first public school in South Grove, the 
first public school in the town of Clinton, served 
as supervisor of the town for several years and was 



elected county superintendent of schools during 
the war. Mr. Beard was an excellent educator, 
was progressive in his ideas and the men who 
were associated with him in the management of 
school affairs pronounced him an excellent official. 
Wallace Moore, a resident of Victor, enlisted as a 
volunteer in the Civil war and lost an arm in the 
service. He was elected county clerk in 1869 and 
served till 1872, dying in office. The supervisors 
of Victor were: Benjamin Darland, one year; 
Samuel Lord, one year; George N. Stratton, three 
years; H. C. Beard, four years; J. C. Van Der- 
veer, two years; H. C. Beard, 1867-8; William H. 
Prescott, three years ; J. C. Beveridge, in all about 
seven years; Hiram Loucks, T. J. Warren, Silas 
D. Wesson. William Montague, X. -1. Sawyer and 
Alvin Warren. 

S. D. Wesson enlisted in the Eighth Illinois 
Cavalry and was with thai regiment to the close 
of the war. Mr. Wesson is a speaker of consider- 
able force, has the wit of the son of Erin and is 
known as the "'[ t laureate." 

Simon C. Suydam, one of the pioneers of this 
township, lived to the advanced age of ninety-six 
years and six months and in 1899 had his pho- 
tograph taken with his four succeeding genera- 
tions. Mr. Suydam remembered well the sun 
of the French and Indian war. his Life covering a 
greater part of the period of the United S 
history. Victor furnished one hundred and three 
men for the Civil war and raised ten thousand, 
eight hundred and fifty-eight dollars for use in 
that conflict. Some of those who perished in the 
strife were Ferdinand Van Derveer, B. T. Pi 
C. T. Bond. ('. B. Suydam. These with about fif- 
teen others constitute the sacrifice during the 
strife, to say nothing of those who remained and 
lost their health. 


Being one of the inland towns with but scanty 
inducements in the way of timber and water for 
the early settler, the now prosperous township of 
Clinton was late in being settled. It was not until 
the year 1835 that the first white man made this 
place his home, and it wa9 several years later be- 
fore any considerable number of people had taken 
up their abode. A small grove about one hun- 
dred acres in extent occupies the southwest corner 

of the present township. In bygone days a portion 
of the Pottowattomie tribe of Indians lived here, 
but in 1832 when Black Hawk was captured the 
band left this domain, only visiting it occasionally 
on hunting expeditions and living here long 
enough to cultivate the corn that they raised. 
Three wigwams which they used while so em- 
ployed were left uninhabited a greater part of the 

It was into one of these vacant wigwams that 
Oliver P. Johnson, a daring young man of twenty- 
three years, brought his wife and young baby, 
April 22, 1835, and they lived in the deserted 
Indian home until a log house could be built. Into 
the newly made home they moved and for three 
years had only the Indians and wild beasts for 
neighbors. They endured privations of every kind. 
but held their claim and made the beginning of 
the present Clinton township. Among the other 
early settlers were W. B. Fields, Parker Thomas. 
Alexander McXish. Silas Hines, John and James 
Walker. Preston Curtiss, William Eobertson, C. 
B. Whitford, Shelbume and Tracy Scott. Felix 
and Baldwin Woodruff. Sylvester and Elbert Hall, 
\ . S. and T. J. Greenwood, Benjamin Matteson, 
William Sherman. J. L. Bailey, J. L. Mighell, 
Wiiiiev Hill, John Secor. Later on came Messrs. 
Phillips, Congdon, Humphrey, Brown, Roberts, 
■ ton and a hosl of others who are at present 
reckoned among the old settlers. 

Clinton as a civil township was organized in 
1850 and it then included a part of the townships 
of Victor and Afton. Beuben Pritchard was the 
first supervisor and held this responsible position 
at intervals for sixteen years. In 1853 the town- 
ship assumed its present proportions. It took its 
name from the almost universal wish of the early 
settlers, the majority of whom came from New 

Clinton was known as a flourishing farming 
district for many years before it was known as 
anything else. In March of 1872 the village of 
Waterman was surveyed and platted by County 
Surveyor S. T. Armstrong, from land owned by 
Humphrey Roberts and additions from the Rob- 
erts. (Jreelv and Congdon farms have since been 

The village was named in honor of T>. B. Water- 
man, general solicitor of the C. & I. Railroad, and 
as soon as the depot was located the present town 



of Waterman commenced to thrive. David Chap- 
man erected the first house in the spring of 1872 
and about the same time Martin Fancher erected 
a small house and conducted the first general store. 
Among the other pioneer merchants were A. Brad- 
bury, Coy & Giles, Humphrey & Sampson, deal- 
ers in lumber; David Orr, hardware; Alexander 
Wallace, furniture; J. B. Griffith, harness; Mrs. 
Austin, milliner: E. Dean, meat market; George 
Wakefield. grain and coal: Newell Persons wagon 
maker; Richard Anderson, blacksmith; John M. 
St. John, barber. 

From the time of its first appearance, in 1872, 
Waterman has never had a boom, but the growth 
has been a steady one and is still continuing. The 
business street reveals the fact that the merchants 
are a wide-awake set, who endeavor to please their 
customers by keeping a large assortment of sea- 
sonable and up-to-date goods. 

The first school is supposed to have been taught 
by H. C. Beard in 1847, and from this beginning 
the educational interests developed into nine school 
districts, one of which, the village school, is graded. 
Its history dates back to the year 1856, when Miss 
Reynolds was the teacher, in a small frame build- 
ing formerly used as a dwelling. Two years later 
a schoolhouse was built and Miss Tilda Kirkpat- 
rick first occupied it as teacher. The building 
stood about a quarter of a mile south of the pres- 
ent one and continued to do service until 1875, 
when the one standing today was erected. 

The building is a two-story frame structure sit- 
uated in a quiet and healthful part of town. It 
became a graded school in 1876, with Charles W. 
Rolph as its first principal. It continued for a 
number of years with only two rooms. In 1887 
a third teacher was added. At present it consists 
of the primary, intermediate and high-school de- 
partments. By alternating and combining classes 
a large amount of the higher branches can be 
completed, thereby making this school rank well 
with other schools of more grades. The principal 
and his assistants have all had normal training 
and several years' experience in teaching. They 
bring into their work earnestness and thoroughness 
and are making the school second to none in the 
county. The school is being more closely graded 
and a course of study is being prepared for it. 

The following is the list of teachers of Water- 
man public schools since 1876: 1876, Charles W. 

Bolph, first principal; Sarah ('. Anderson, first 
primary teacher; 1877, C. W. Curtis, principal, 
four months; Ella B. York, principal and pri- 
mary; Sarah C. Anderson, primary; 1878, C. W. 
Curtis, principal; Ella R. York, primary; E. M. 
Hicks, primary; 187!), ('. \V. Curtis, principal; 
Kittie Decker, primary; 1880, C. W. Curtis, prin- 
cipal; Kittie Deckei'. primary; Susie Poland, pri- 
mary; 1881, D. D. Kail, principal, three months; 
Harriet Norton, principal and primary: Finette 
Norton, primary; 1882, Harriet Norton, princi- 
pal; Finette Norton, primary; 1883, Frank 
Hutchinson, principal; Finette Norton, primary; 
1884, W. F. Weston, principal; Finette Nor- 
ton, primary; 18S5, A. J. Long, principal: 
Ellen Hopkins, primary; 1886, N. A. Graves, 
principal; J. F. Van Vorhies, principal: 
Emma Warren, primary; Carrie Graces, pri- 
mary; Nellie Fulle, primary; 1887, N. A. 
Graves, principal; Belle Wheeler, intermediate; 
Ida M. Sage, primary; 18S8, same as 1887; 1889. 
M. M. Young, principal ; Phoebe Allbee, intermedi- 
ate; Ida M. Sage, primary; 1890. J. H. Clark, 
principal; Minnie Tucker, intermediate; Ida M. 
Sage, primary; 1S92, J. H. Clark, principal; Hat- 
tie C. Spencer, intermediate; 1893, G. L. Spalding, 
principal; Charles E. Husk, principal; Minnie 
Tucker, intermediate ; Ida . M. Sage, primary ; 
1894, Lester Bartlett, principal ; Minnie Tucker, 
intermediate; Ida M. Sage, primary; Jennie Flan- 
ders, primary; 1S95, Lester Bartlett, principal; 
Carrie Wormley, intermediate ; Mildred Gray, pri- 
mary; 1896. P. W. Warner, principal; Carrie 
Wormley, intermediate; Mrs. Carrie Warner, pri- 
mary; 1897, P. W. Warner, principal; Blanche 
Wormley, intermediate; Mrs. Carrie Warner, pri- 
mary; Mertie Kirk, primary; 1898, J. B. Wallace, 
principal; Harriet Brainerd, intermediate; 
Frances Merk. primary. 

Waterman lias reason to feel proud of its public- 
spirited men and the work they have done for 
their town. The town board expends time and 
energy in looking after the interests that will 
promote the growth of the place. 

The fire protection of the village has always 
been adequate to all needs and the town has never 
suffered a disastrous fire. Several have started in 
the business center, but they have been discovered 
and extinguished before any considerable amount 
of damage has been done. A gasoline engine with 



hose carl form the main part of the fire outfit, 
and water is obtained from the town pump, which 
has a supply coming from five hundred feet below 
ground. The town is also supplied with a system 
e-f- water works erected by a combination of pri- 
vate parties and a stuck company, and a large 
elevated lank holds the supply. Private residences 
and public places are furnished with city water at 
a n inal cost. 

Croquet, tennis and base ball occupy consider- 
able of the leisure time of many Waterman people, 
and although the former two games are some- 
what on the wane there is much interest in the 
latter. One thing that makes the latter game still 
popular is that Waterman is the home of several 
■ rack players. Frank Griffith, who was at one 
time known in more than a local \\a\ as the left 
hand pitcher, passed all of Ins life at Waterman. 
On account of an injury a few years ago he is 
now unable to play, but the enthusiasm is -till 
kept up. 

Waterman was the only small town in this vi- 
cinity of the state that followed the idea pro- 
mulgated by larger places, that of holding a mini- 
ature world's fair. The summer of L894, a year 
after the World's Pair closed, the place united in 
making a world's Pair on a slightly -mallei- scale 
than was the one at Jackson Park the previous 
year. The relics that were collected were intense- 
ly interesting and many of the articles which 
iln \ exhibited bad had a place in the big fair. 
Tlie young people who had charge of the enterprise 
deserved the praise which they received for so 
successfully planning and executing the affairs, 
and the churches were richer by quite a sum as a 
result. It was held two days and one night in 
the Masonic Hall, which had keen divided into two 

I Hi- ami streets in such an artistic manner a- to 

he scarcely recognizable. Everything imaginable 
was on exhibition ami for those to whom curios 
were uninteresting a refreshment hall and Japa- 
nese tea room were most welcome additions to the 
fail' proper. 

A custom which was not only followed that year, 
Juit has keen one of annual occurrence for the 
past twenty-two years, is the old settlers' meetings 
or reunions, which are held the first Wednesday in 
September in Johnson's or 1'ritchard's grove, the 
place where the Johnsons and Pritchards first lo- 
cated. This reunion brings together all of the 

earl] settlers of the county from the north, south. 
east and west. It is the custom for whole families 
to pile into their carriages, wagons, or whatever 
conveyance they possess and start early in the 
day for the grove. The forenoon programme con- 
sists of the greeting of old friends, and as this oc- 
casion is an opportunity to meet the friends of 
long ago. as well as the new ones, everybody is 
there. Such a lot of handshaking and "Do you 
remembers" are exchanged that day that the re- 
union has come to he looked upon as one of the 
most enjoyable holidays of the year. The first re- 
union was held in 1876 and then the programme 
consisted chiefly of a picnic. Every family brought 
a lunch basket containing dinner enough foi 
double the number in their own keeping, so that 
old time friends spread their dinners together on 
the ground or on the planks which formed the tem- 
porary -eats. Now- the order of the day is more on 
the plan of a celebration, and the program from 
year to year is in the hands of an organization, of 
which S. I). Wesson i- thi' president. Some oratoT 
i- engaged to make a speech, reminiscences by the 
pioneers are given, vocal and hand music inter- 
spersed throughout the day. and an exciting hall 
game usually played. Thus in the history of 
Waterman comes an incident of interest in the his- 
tory of the country. 

In the line of societies, Waterman is not behind 
the times. Iter churches will be given space in 
the chapter set aside for them, hut these societies 
form only a portion of the social life. Secret so- 
cieties form another part. The Masons are the 
pioneers in the secret society line, having founded 
their organization in is; 4. They built the Ma- 
sonic Hall, a two-story frame building, twenty- 
six by sixty feet, that they might have a place for 
meeting, and the building has since served as a 
public hall. It is often the scene of many a pleas- 
ant dance and entertainment by both home and 
traveling talent. During the winter a dramatic 
club is usually organized and by combining talent 
and hard work, they have given very creditable 
plays. Other secret societies are doing all in their 
power toward the upbuilding of the town in a 
social and material way, hut evidences in the latter 
are more marked with the Masonic than any other 



In her quiet and yet progressive way the little 
town of six hundred inhabitants is in the ascen- 
dency. Many of her young people are attending 
high educational institutions, some are gracing the 
professions and others are holding positions of 
trust at home and abroad. The men and women 
who have made the town and have built up the 
farming community can now rest from their la- 
bors and hear the verdict of ''Well done." 

The town of Clinton sent one hundred and 
eleven men into the service to suppress the re- 
bellion. They appropriated by contribution and 
luxation thirteen thousand, seven hundred and 
forty-six dollars for war purposes. Among those 
from Clinton who lost their lives in the war were 
Jonathan Morris, Egbert Matteson, M. C. Kirk- 
patriek, Seeley Simpson. Henry Kellogg, James 
Lowe, Ashael Childs, C. Pose, Jr., Corydon Heth, 
Alfred Hodgekin. Charles Nears and E. A. 
Pritchard. The latter, a captain in Company H, 
of the Thirteenth Infantry, was a bright example 
of the Christian soldier, lie came to Clinton in 
1845, studied law at Aurora and Cincinnati, prac- 
ticing in Aurora. He left his young family at 
I ho outbreak of the war, served three years most 
honorably in the gallant old Thirteenth, and par- 
ticipated in every one of its battles. He lost his 
health in the service, fell a victim of consumption 
and just when the people of DeKalb were about 
to eled him to an honorable city office he died of 
that dread disease. His brother, Pueben Pritch- 
ard, was a man of more than local prominence, 
served his town six years as supervisor and was a 
member of the legislature from this district. 
Charles Wesley and William Wallace Marsh set- 
tled in Clinton and have gained both fame and 
fortune by the invention of the famous Marsh 

N. S. and Charles F. Greenwood were early 
settlers of this township, both served as supervisor, 
while N. S. was county school commissioner, 
Charles F. county treasurer and afterwards state 

J. D. Poberts, a resident of Clinton, and one of 
the boys raised in that community, is a remark- 
able example of the successful financier, lie has 
been engaged in farming all his life and with but 
little assistance from outside owns over three thou- 
sand acres of land in Illinois. James McCleery 
was a man of honor and integrity. Had a happy 

disposition ami keen wit, but was a sound man 
in public and business affairs and was an exem- 
plary man in the homo and a true Christian. The 
supervisors from this town have been Reuben 
Pritchard. James R. Eastman, Arunah Hill, 
Cyrus B. Whitford, <>. A. Tubbs, N. S. Greenwood, 
W. ('. Macey, J. P. MighelL Robert Humphrey, 
George Greenwood, Edwin Fraser, Charles Green- 
wood, James McCleery, Humphrey Roberts, Wil- 
liam Randall and Wilder Potter. 

In 1855 the Methodist Episcopal class was or- 
ganized, which was named the Twin Grove class. 
and in 1867 a church was erected on the Harvey 
Fuller farm, north of town. In the winter of 
1873 it was removed to the village of Waterman. 
The Baptist church was organized in 1856. the 
church was erected in 1872. The Presbyterian 
church has been organized since the building of the 
village of Waterman. 


The early history of Afton is not filled with 
Indian atrocities, as it had neither Indians nor 
people for them to harass, in early days. After 
the wooded portions of the county were settled, the 
prairie land of Afton began to be populated. W. 
R. Campbell claiming the honor of being the first 
settler. He was soon followed by John A. Hay- 
den, to whom the credit is given for naming the 
town. The head waters of Little Rock creek are in 
this township, and while working along its banks, 
Mr. Hayden was constantly reminded of the song. 
"Flow Gently Sweel Alton." and persisted in call- 
ing the stream "Sweet Alton." The name always 
clung to the land. 

While the place was sparsely peopled the coun- 
try was included under the government of DeKalb 
and of Clinton, and while in this condition was 
settled by Daniel Washburn, Timothy Pierson, 
John McGirr, Benjamin Muzzy, Charles Ward, 
Francis Bemis, Alexander Folger, T. R. Elliott, 
Michael Fennin, Patrick Brock. William. Osborn 
and Sanford Tyler. Silas Tappan. E. Noble and 
Mr. Farrell. 

By the time the year of 1853 had been ushered 
in. the community decided to be organized into 
a township. Ezekiel Noble prepared the petition 
and circulated it. There were twenty-one signers 
of the petition, but only nine of them were legal 
voters. The others became voters before the spring 



election. The first election was held in the house 
of S. A. Tyler, April, 1856. Ezekiel Noble was 
elected supervisor; Sanford A. Tyler, town clerk; 
Clark Glidden, assessor and collector; Timothy 
Pierson and Orson Pearl, justices of the peace. 

About that time the school lands of the town 
were placed on the market and sold to settlers, 
making the school fund of the town about seven 
thousand dollars, which now remains intact. 
About this time the town was divided into two 
school districts. The east half was the first dis- 
trict, the west half the second district. The east 
half was taxed to build a schoolhouse, costing five 
hundred dollars. The contract was Lei to E. Noble, 
and the building was completed to hold school dur- 
ing the winter of 1856. The next year the town 
was divided into nine districts of four sections 
each, and has remained so up to the pn sent time, 
with few changes. The settlers flowing in rapidly, 
the schoolhouses were built in the center of each 
district, as circumstances required. The center 
schoolhouse is a neat building, standing near the 
A Eton center church. 

The church was built in 1867, mainly through 
the efforts and monej furnished bj William Wat- 
son, others contributed somewhat t<> its erection, 
and now the entire surrounding country helps in 
its support. It is of an Advent denomination, 
but. being the only church in the township, is nat- 
urally attended by all of the people with religious 
inclinations. \ cemeb ry lias been established near 
the church. 

The early settlers were rapidly reinforced by 
newcomers, so that by the time the war broke out 
the following families hail taken up their abode 
in Afton: J. W. Ward. C. W. Broughton, John 
Jones. John 1'. Newhall, Clark Glidden, Mr. 
Lawther, B. Pierce. L. DeForest, M. DeForest, 
John Pooler. E. L. Mosher. TT. P. Bollins. William 
Watson, E. .1. Farmer, the Makarrolls, James 
White. Sr., James White. Jr.. H. Kingsley, James 
Carter. Richard Boyce, J. .1. Pent. Dana Earl. 
Judge Parks. D. B. Striker. Daniel Lattin. Ed- 
ward Boland. John and Martin Lyons, John Mc- 
Dole. John and Reward Sturtevant, Walker Bent. 
Benjamin Mosher, Orson and Julius Pearl, Alex- 
ander Gamble. T. Knights. Xewell Thompson, 
Harrison Burt. 0. M. Tanner. George King. 
Erastus Dean. Enoch Darwell, Moses Chambers 
and Enos Morrell. Eighty-one men were fur- 

nished during the war and the township paid boun- 
ties to the amount of twenty thousand dollars. 

Afton was known only as a farming community 
until 1884, when the Northern Illinois branch of 
the Northwestern road was built diagonally 
through the township and a station begun. It was 
named Elva in honor of Elva Glidden Bush, wife 
of William II. Bush, of Chicago, a daughter of 
Hon. J. F. Glidden, of DeKalb. The station is 
scarcely more than a shipping point and a mail 
office, although it contains a creamery and a gen- 
eral store. It being on a branch line of the main 
railroad and near the large town of DeKalb, it 
will probably never grow to any great proportions. 

The growth and the changes since the town was 
first inhabited are not marked, but they are numer- 
ous, and the old settlers, with few exception^ 
either passed to their long home or have 
moved to the west or east, or to the cities, to take 
their ease during tic remainder of their days, 
and their places are occupied by sons or tenants, 
as the case may lie. The only persons now living 
in Alton township of the early settlers are J. W. 
Ward. Michael Pennin and E. Noble. 

The principal offices of the township have been 
held as follows: Supervisors, E. Noble, C. W. 
Broughton, Henry Kingsley, S. W. Patten. John 
Ryan and I. Woods; town clerks. S. A. Tyler, 
Julio- C. Pearl, 0. W. Baker. Xewell Thompson. 
S. W. Patten, E. (inn-. Martin Lyons. Bernard 
Lyons, J. W. Ward, E. L. Mosher, E. Noble, Grant 
1-'.. Mosher. Other offices were filled by too many 
different ones to mention. 


The first - ttlement in Dp Kalb Township was 
made on Section One, in what is now commonly 
known as Coltonville. Like the settlements of 
other localities, these pioneers came to the streams 
and wood- to make their homes. The first settlers 
of the township were John B. Collins and Norman 
O. Moore. Collins settled on a farm later owned 
by Captain Burpee and Moore made a claim a 
mile or two north of him. The spring of 1835 is 
•j i ven as the date of their coming, but before the 
close of that year others had settled near the 
Pottawatomie Village, located on Section One. A 
man by the name of McClellan made a claim to 
the south end of the grove, which was afterward 
sold to Russell Huntley. The central part of the 


fTH! : • ■> RK 
'OBI ,ry 




Grove was claimed by .lames Cox and .lames 
Paisley, and (lie former located Ids cabin en the 
farm now owned l.\ ('. W . Marsh. 

As has been stated in a previous chapter of the 
County History, in 1832 the army under General 
Whiteside, numbering about twenty-two hundred, 
consisting of one regiment of regulars and tin.' 
balance of volunteers, marched from Stillman's 
Run to the month of the Kishwaukee, thence fol- 
lowing the south side of that stream to the Potta- 
watomie village mi section one. where they camped 
and found some of the plunder taken from Still- 
man's men by the savages. The Indians had been 
taken from this locality in about 1S35, lint many 
marks are found today of their village. When the 
white men first came to Coltonville they found 

a burying ground where many Indians had 1 a 

buried, while a number of papooses were wrapped 
in bark and suspended among the branches of 
the trees. It has been stated that a company of 
United States mounted troops at about 1835 
escorted the Indians from this village to Paw Paw 
grove in the southwest corner of the county, pre- 
paratory to removal, and it is also stated that this 
same company, while marching to their destination, 
camped on the site of the present village of De 
Kalb. "While here one of their number attempted 
to desert ami he paid McClellan a sum of money 
to secrete him ; but. being threatened by the officer 
in command. McClellan gave him up again and he 
was tied to the rear of the army wagon and 
dragged on foot through the remainder of the 
route. The neighbors, indignant at McClellan*s 
treachery, threatened to lynch him and he was 
obliged to fly the country to secure safety." 

In the autumn of 1835, Messrs. Jenks & Com- 
pany claimed tin' land known later as the Schrv- 
ver farm. Here, a little later, they dammed the 
creek, built a mill and projected a town in the 
vicinity. The streams were much larger then 
than now and it was thought that the water power 
would be of permanent value, but a dry summer 
or two convinced them of their mistake and they 
never completed their proposed village. The mill 
was sold and repaired and the dam enlarged and 
instead of using the overshot wheel they used the 
turbine. The same mill was used until the later 
forties, when it was abandoned and taken down. 
The site of the old mill is now owned by George 

By way of explanation we will state thai the 
timber land of DeKalb township naturally divided 
itself into three parts. 'Flic South Grove, or Hunt- 
ley's Grove, was separated from the Central Grove, 
later called Union Grove, by a gap extending east 
and west over the present site of the Norma] 
bridge. Another gap was found on the land owned 
by Phineas Stevens and extending westward, and 
for a long time these settlements were known by 
the names Huntley's Grove, Union Grove and Col- 
tonville. The latter became the more populous 
settlement and had a village that was aspiring to 
be the county seat and in fact the first court, held 
in the county after its organization was held at 
that place. 

Mr. Eufus Colton and Phineas Stevens came 
here at a very early date and. as both bad means, 
immediately began to improve their village. In 
(be later thirties there was a store, blacksmith shop 
and a post-otlice. tbe receipts of which in 1839 were 
$32.84, which were tbe largest receipts of any office 
in the county up to that date. 

Mr. Phineas Stevens built a distillery, which 
was located on what is now the Henry Groves 
farm. This was operated for several years but did 
not prove a very paying investment. It. was built 
of timber sawed at tbe old mill, which has just 
been mentioned. 

Eufus Colton built a large hotel, the dedication 
of which has been mentioned in the County His- 
tory, and this was for many years the most pre- 
tentious building in the county. 

A mail route ran from Sycamore, through Col- 
tonville, on to Dixon in 183(3. 

To show how valuable the timber lain! was at 
that dale and how little the pioneers valued the 
prairie, we will give the following incident. Mr. 
Russell Huntley, representing a company of capi- 
talists who designed to build mills and carry on 
fanning and if possible lay out a town, moved to 
I be siuilli end of the grove and bought the claim 
id' Jesse Root. This was the period of wild-cat 
money and it was very plentiful and every one 
lad some scheme to acquire wealth. Mr. Huntley 
bough! all of the southern part of the grove, pay- 
ing for tbe same fifty-three hundred dollars. This 
purchase embraced about live hundred acres of 

ii I land and as much of the prairie as he chose 

tn call his own. "As it seemed desirable, however, 
that each should know where his line was. he made 



an agreement with the Brady's of Brody's Grove, 
about ten miles west of him, that the division line 
between them should he half way between the two 
groves ; and he made a similar verbal arrangement 
with inhabitants of Shabbona Grove on the south." 

In the summer of 1836, the first election held 
in the county was at the home of Captain Eli 
Barnes, on land now owned by Henry Groves. 
Voters came from all parts of the county- It 
was an election for justice of the peace and we 
must remember at this time that the available 
settlements of what is now DeKalb county were 
known as the Kishwaukee district and were a part 
of La Salle count}''. Stephen Mowry and Captain 
Collier were elected justices and received their 
commission from the governor, countersigned by 
a county officer from La Salle county. Mr. Samuel 
Miller of Squaw Grove, relates that ten dollars was 
sent down to him by one of the candidates to pay 
him for bringing up ten voters and that these 
voti re carried his election. Mr. Boies says, in his 
history, that this was probably the first $10 spent 
to cany an election in this county, but not the 
last by thousands. 

Hard times followed the period of wild-cat 
money and the people grew very poor and in 1843, 
when the land that has just been described came 
into market, Mr. Huntley offered large portions 
of it for $1.25 an acre. Some of this land is where 
the city of DeKalb now stands. For twenty years 
he kept an excellent tavern, built of logs, and in 
busy seasons of travel it was continually crowded 
by teamsters who came from as far west as the 
Mississippi river and were on their way to Chi- 
eago with grain. A good picture of this hotel will 
be found in another portion of the work. As it did 
not pay at all times to haul the grain to Chicago, 
thousands of bushels of wheat were fed to cattle 
without threshing. The people of this locality did 
not thrive materially until the railroad was built 
in 1853. 

Another settler who came into the county in 
1835 and was prominently identified with the 
county history was Frederick Love, who settled in 
the timber on the land now owned by his grand- 
son, Frederick Love. Those who came in 1836 
were Jacob, Joel and Alpheus Jenks, David Wal- 
rod, Samuel Thompson, Solomon Hollister and 
Levi Barber, with his two eldest sons, Harry and 
Lyman. Clark Barber came a few months later. 

The older Barber made claim on section 15 and 
Clark L. Barber made his claim on land adjoining. 
Here he built a log house, the chimney being made 
of slicks plastered with mud, the roof of "shakes" 
split from oak timber, and the floor of puncheon. 
Clark Barber was married in May, 1839, to Mary 
M. Spring, and this house was their home in 
with their oldest daughter Louise, now Mrs. Jacob 
Crawford of DeKalb, was born in 1840. This 
old place was known far and near as the Barber 

W. R. Thompson also came in 1836 and pur- 
chased a farm on which was a little log house. It 
Mas surveyed afterwards as section one and was 
located on the opposite side of the Kishwaukee 
from Coltonville. 

.The marriage of Russell Huntley and Selina 
A. Goodell took place September 25th, 1838, and 
was the second marriage in the township, the first 
being that of Harry Barber and Rachel Spring, 
October 5th, 1837, and their daughter Amelia was 
born in 1838. Previous to this, however, a child, 
the first born in the township, came into the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. N. C. Moore. 

The first death was that of the son of Ora A. 
Walker, in August. 1837, and three weeks later 
M re. Ruth Cartwright passed away. 

The first physician was Dr. Bassett, who first 
came to Coltonville and later removed to Syca- 

Rufus Colton kept the first store in what is now 
DeKalb township, the business being carried on at 
Coltonville as early as 1837. 

The first revival of religion was held in a large 
barn on the Schryver farm in the summer of 1837 
and was conducted by Jacob Jenks. 

The first attorney was Mr. A. R. Crothers, who 
located at Coltonville in 1837. By many he is said 
to have been the first lawyer to reside in the 

The first election, after the vote to set DeKalb 
county apart as a separate organization, was held 
at the home of Frederick Love. The first regular 
commissioners' court was held at the home of 
Rufus Colton, and continued to be held at that 
place until the county seat was located at Syca- 
more. Frederick Love also kept a tavern and 
his home was large and spacious for that time 
and Mr. Love hoped that sometime the county seat 
might be located on his farm. 



F< All 





Another early marriage was that of Cornelia 
Spring to Lyman Barber in 1838. Thus we have 
three brothers married to three sisters, which trans- 
ferred the hardships of pioneer life into pleasure. 

The first school in the township was held at 
Coltonville, in a house erected for that purpose in 
the summer of 1838. Miss Barber taught the 
summer term and a Mr. Lawrence the winter term. 
Dr. E. P. Wright also taught a term here. The 
Honorable Thomas Ford, afterwards governor of 
Illinois, was the presiding judge who held the first 
term of court in DeKalb county. Mr. George 
Clark, at present a resident of DeKalb, is our au- 
thority for stating that the first school-house erect- 
ed in DeKalb township for school purposes still 
stands on the farm owned by Charles Adee in 
Coltonville. It stood just east of the house erected 
by Mr. Colton and has now been moved about 
fifteen rods to the southwest and is at present a 

As late as 1839 Mr. Calvin S. Colton located 
near his brother Eufus in Coltonville, and he 
states that as many as fifty bodies of papooses 
were suspended in a horizontal position among 
the branches of the trees, for it was the custom of 
the Indians to dispose of bodies of dead children 
by covering them with bark and suspending them 
from the branches of the trees. 

In early days fruit was scarce but many of the 
pioneers, coming from New York state where trees 
were plentiful, adopted the custom of their native 
state and set out orchards. The first was set out 
by Eli Barnes in 1839 and in the following year 
one was started by William E. Thompson. We 
have no record left of an orchard being planted be- 
fore that time. 

Wanton Barber came to DeKalb in 1840 and has 
for a number of years been the oldest resident 
of that town, still residing within its borders. 

Few settlers came in 1840 and 1841, but in the 
spring of 1842 a native of New Hampshire, 
Joseph F. Glidden, came to DeKalb and pur- 
chased of Eussell Huntley 400 acres of land just 
west of the Grove, on which he erected a log cabin, 
where for several years he kept an excellent tav- 
ern. Besides farming and acting as landlord 
Mr. Glidden drove a stage and carried the mail. 
Joseph W. and Steven H. Glidden bought adjoin- 
ing tracts of land and for several years the three 
brothers were in company in the farming business. 

Joseph W. did considerable literary work and arti- 
cles from his pen are found in many DeKalb homes 
to this day. He died on the old home farm. The 
people of DeKalb still remember Steven as a great 
lover of horses, always having a great number 
of racers on his farm. He died in 1876. Joseph 
F.. the first to come here, has been of so much 
benefit to this town that it is with feelings akin 
to reverence that the people of DeKalb speak of 
him. It was he who invented barbed wire, fur- 
nished a home for the Normal school and has done 
a number of minor good deeds. 

The settlement in 1844 was enjoying quite rapid 
growth. James Duffy and his sons came in this 
year and located on tbe prairie one and one-half 
miles south of the Phineas Stevens farm, and in 
1849 they bought the old Duffy homestead two and 
one-half miles south of the present city of DeKalb. 

Myron H. Dermeter lived in a little shanty on 
the Batherick claim. This and the Duffy's were 
the only buildings standing out from the timber 
between Huntley's tavern and Shabbona Grove. 
H. B. Curler, who .came here in 1856, says that 
but two trees were then growing between those two 

In 1844, Jared and Clark Carter, father and son, 
came here and camped for a while. In 1845 they 
worked the old Whitmore farm, in 1846 the old 
Love farm and in 1849 they purchased a claim 
of Asa Palmer, having a little log cabin and into 
this the family moved. This is the old Carter 
homestead, located three and one-half miles south- 
west of DeKalb. 

John Breckhart was another pioneer of 1841. 
Ee bought a little log house in the timber, just 
south of the Bemus store on First street. 

Christopher and Wilson Love came in this year 
and they, like others, made their first stopping 
place near Frederick Love's and have since been 
instrumental in the permanent growth of De- 

This same year L. B. King, a Baptist minister, 
located here. He was the only circuit preacher of 
this denomination in this section and held meet- 
ings in the old Huntley tavern. He was the 
father of W. B. and Charles King. 

The log tavern conducted by Eussell Huntley 
had done good service and in 1845 was replaced 
by a little frame hotel, known as the Eagle Hotel, 
which, though extensively added to and repaired, 



lias gone down through the generations as the 
Eagle Hotel, which -till stands but has been re- 
moved to another part of the city. It was on the 
site now occupied by the First National bank. The 
hotel was not large and many of the teamsters and 
traveler? were obliged to sleep in the stable. 

This was the beginning of the present village of 
DeKalb. The firs! store kept in what is now the 
city of DeKalb was by Mr. Goodell and B. Ruby, 
who was a physician. Dr. F. B. Wright was the 
first practicing physician in the village. James 
Goodell and Caroline Batherick were the first to 
be married in the village. 

Huntley's Grove settlement did not grow until 
the survey of the railroad and a year later, when 
the first train pulled into the village, may really 
be said to be the beginning of DeKalb as a city 
of life and industry. Jacob Haish states that he 
boarded the train near what is now Maple Park 
and told the conductor he wished to go to Hunt- 
leys Grove. Keeping watch along the road he- 
saw hut little signs of the village and finally was 
told by the conductor that he had arrived at his 
destination. He state- a! that time there was a 
store, a blacksmith simp and a few residences. 

There was n.. established cemetery in DeKalb 
countv in its early days and it was the custom of 
the people to bury their dead on their own home 

places and Mr. <i lell's little boy was buried 

under the north end or very near where the Chron- 
icle building now stands. Various other prom- 
inent place* about the town mark the resting 
places of the pioneers, and others were buried 
where it was most convenient and safe, were taken 
up in later days and interred in cemeteries. 

Early in 1850, Mr. Basil Ruhy built a little 
frame house divided into two apartments: one end 
he and his family used tor a dwelling and the 
other for a drug and notion -tore. It was located 
a few feet east of the present Ruby residence. The 
building now stands, having been moved to the 
east side of First street, a little to the south of its 
original location. Small as these buildings were, 
they were sufficient for mercantile and residence 
purposes. The pride of the town in early days 
was a two-story building erected by Alvah Cart- 
wright. It was plastered inside and out with mor- 
tar and then traced and painted to resemble brick. 
This beautiful structure of pioneer days stood 

near the west end of the Holmes livery stable of 
to, lav and in it a general store was conducted. 

Buildings for church services were not avail- 
aide in early days and the religious meetings were 
held in homes. The first meeting in DeKalb was 
at the residence of Dr. Basil Ruby in 1850. The 
preacher was from Sycamore and came at the invi- 
tation of Dr. Ruby. Two years later a class was 
organized at the home of Rev. Mr. Brown and 
from this small beginning the Methodists formed 
one of the largest organizations of any religious 
fcy in the city. 
The school, which takes perhaps as dear a place 
as the church in the hearts of the people who have 
made DeKalb county, was naturally an institution 
of early days. In 1850 the first school-house was 
built. It was 14x14 and the seats were made of 
split logs with holes bored in them and sticks driv- 
en in for leg-. The first teacher was Jonathan Stone. 
He was killed by lightning in 1857. Elder Gam- 
hie, a Baptist minister, also preached in this lit- 
3i hool-house, which was built in the timber 
on the site of the present Bemis residence on 
South First -tieei. 

DeKalb was organized in 1850 as a township. 
It was first called Orange and included parts of 
Malta and Afton townships. In 1851. Ezekiel 
Whitehead settled in that portion of the town and 
began the settlement of what is now Malta. In 
1851 tin' village of DeKalb had 29 people. A 
tailor shop was opened in this year by John P. 
Jones and was located in the upper part of 

lell's store. One of the old-time lawyers was 

Eli B. Gilbert, who moved to DeKalb from Syca- 
more in 1852 and bought of Eewis Huntley a 
piece of ground on which was a little house used 
corn-crib. Mr. Gilbert was elected first jus- 
tice of the peace in 1853 and built a building with 
the slahs nailed upright in the corner of his lot. 
The law was administered to the citizens in that 
office until I860, when Mr. Gilbert built a two- 
frame house on Main street, now- owned by 
Mi-. Owen Beaubean. The upper story was used 
as a justice office until Mr. Gilbert's death in 
August, 1895. The old homestead is still occupied 
by Mrs. Gilbert. The first butcher shop was 
opened in 1852 by John Till, and the first tin 
p in the -. i tr by Peter Johnson. Peter 
Johnson was the first Scandinavian to come into 
1 1 i countv. 



The right of way was given the North Western 
road and in many instances the people gave splen- 
did donations aside from the free right of way. 

For many years this little town was called Buena 
Vista, in honor of one of the principal battles of 
the War with Mexico, which was then fresh in the 
minds of the people. The battle of Buena Vista 
was fought February 23d and 23d between 20,000 
Mexicans under Santa Ana and a force of little 
more than 5,000 under Gen. Zach Taylor. In 
that battle Jefferson Davis, B. E. Lee, Ulysses S. 
Grant, Albert Sydney Johnson, General Bragg 
and a host of others who became prominent in the 
Civil war took part. 

The first grist-mill was built in the year 1853 
by a man named Brooks. It was erected on what 
is now Seventh street on the ground where the 
C. & N. W. in after years had their yards for 
loading stock. 

In 1853, a second frame school-house was built 
on the present site of the Congregational church. 
A lot was purchased for $15 and the building 
was 21x42. There was not money enough to com- 
plete the building and two or three dances were 
held in it, the money thus raised being devoted to 
the cause of education. 

In 1854, the Methodists and Baptists erected 
little places of worship. The first Methodist church 
stood on the present site of W. H. Fay's residence. 
Two years after its erection it was sold to the 
Adventists and in 1879 the large brick edifice, 
known as the First Methodist church, was erected 
at a cost of $10,000, and in 1885 the Baptists 
replaced their wooden church by a fine brick build- 

As the early buildings of the village of DeKalb 
were largely of wood they would naturally form 
food for a destructive fire, and in 1870 a large por- 
tion of the city was burned to the ground. This 
was a blessing in disguise and Phoenixlike, on their 
ashes have arisen many substantial brick build- 
ings of the city. One of them was the Haish 
three-story brick building called the Bee Hive 
block, in which was the Barb City bank. 

In 1854, a great small-pox plague raged the 
county and nearly depopulated DeKalb. Mrs. 
Norris Sweet died November 14th and Mr. Sweet 
and Bussell Huntley together selected the spot 
where she was to be buried. It was upon an open 
prairie but is now known as the beautiful Ever- 

green cemetery, and a person has only to consult 
the headstones to see how many dead of our old 
settlers are sleeping in this silent city. That same 
year the ladies of DeKalb met and organized the 
DeKalb Center Sewing society, having for its 
object the procuring of means for the purchase and 
care of grounds for burial purposes. They pur- 
chased about four and one-half acres, the same as 
stated above. This is the oldest cemetery in the 

The pioneer lodges of the place are the Ma- 
sonic and Odd Fellows and the first DeKalb band 
were all organized in 1854. The first murder 
which blots DeKalb's fair history occurred in 1854. 
It was a drunken row and occurred in a frame 
shanty on the present site of Benjamin White's 
residence. Three or four Irishmen who had been 
laboring on the railroad had been drinking whisky 
and got in a dispute. One of their number grabbed 
a chair on which was a tub of water filled with 
clothes an hit his companion over the head, break- 
ing his neck. 

The school building erected in 1861 was built 
of brick and at that time was considered one of the 
fine school buildings in this part of the state. 

The village was incorporated under the general 
act of 1856 and in 1861 by special charter, which 
made the Board of Trustees a member of the Board 
of Supervisors. William Allen was the first to fill 
the position. 

The hardware store which I. L. Ellwood oper- 
ated was the first exclusive store of its kind in 
DeKalb. It was run by Ellwood and J. D. Lott 
and was a two-story frame building, joining the 
Cartwright and Hayden store. In 1869 Mr. Ell- 
wood built a two-story brick building now occupied 
by Mrs. John Burt, and the frame store was 
moved across the street, It was later occupied and 
owned by Harry White, who used it as a meat-shop. 

In 1860 a Catholic church was built, which was 
occupied over forty years. The present edifice 
was built at a cost of about $25,000 and is the 
largest church building in the county. The parish 
comprises the largest church organization in the 

In 1858 the Swedish Lutherans erected a church 
edifice and organized a society. This has grown 
to be a society of 600 members and has a new 
modern church edifice. Aside from the Swedish 
Lutheran church there have been organized the 



Swedish Congregational, Swedish Baptist and a 
Mission church, which are separated from the main 
body of Lutherans. 

In 1860 an agricultural fair was established 
and ground bought of J. F. Glidden, which was 
used as a race track and ball park and is now a 
pari of the Normal School grounds. At one of 
these fairs, at a later period, occurred the tragic 
death of Michael McMann. He was assisting 
Professor Donnelson, who was making a balloon 
ascension. The balloon was inflated and the or- 
der given to let go. when in some way McMann 
was caught by the rope and drawn up by the leg. 
The onlookers were fascinated as well as horri- 
fied by the sight; when up many hundred feet, by 
what, seemed an almost, wonderful act, he pulled 
himself up to the basket, but only for a moment, 
when his hold relaxed and he came down to the 
ground, making several revolutions in his descenl 
and striking on his head and shoulders. Almost 
ever/) 1 e in his body was broken. 

The great political meeting of I860 has been al- 
luded to in the history of the county. That meet- 
ing, notwithstanding that the county has double 
the population that it had in 1860. remains the 
largest assembly ever gathered in the county. 

DeKalb furnished 223 men for the Rebellion. 
They were mainlj attached to the 13th, i\M. 52d 
and 58th Illinois regiments. 

The first newspaper was establshed in DeKalb in 

In ISM, the Honorable J. F. Glidden received 
his first, patent on his celebrated barb wire, entered 
into partnership with Col. I. L. Ellwood, com- 
menced the manufacture of Glidden wire, which 
article has become a household word in all civil- 
ized lands. They firs! commenced to manufacture 
in a little frame building which stood where the 
Holmes livery stable now is. Mr. Glidden re- 
mained in business only two years, selling out to 
I. L. Ellwood. who in 1879 built the old Superior 
shops. The business was carried on here for sev- 
eral years, when it was finally moved into two 
immense factories, one fronting on Fourth and 
the other on Tenth street. Mr. Ellwood retained 
a controlling interest in these institutions until 
189S, when they were bought by the American 
Steel & Wire company, and now form one of the 
plants of that powerful trust. 

In 1874, Jacob Haish commenced making his 
celebrated barb wire in a little building where his 
lumber yard now is. Mr. Haish and his friends 
claim that he was the first in the field of inven- 
tion and for years a suit between Haish and the 
barb wire combine was carried on until it reached 
the Supreme court and a decision was given in 
favor of the Washburn & Moen Manufacturing 
company. His institution has continually grown 
until it has become one of the large barb wire 
factories of the country. The building of these 
two factories and the growing of the barb wire 
institution have proved a great boon to the city 
of DeKalb. 

In 1891, the DeKalb County Fence company 
began in a small way to make woven wire on 
the north side of the railroad track. They enlarged 
their quarters in 1894 and have kept enlarging 
until at present their plant covers thirty-one acres 
of ground. They now occupy the Abram Ellwood 
factory and have in their employ more than three 
hundred men. Their product is shipped through 
the United States and many foreign countries 
and they cannot supply the demand. E. F. Shella- 
berger is president of the DeKalb County Fence 

The Flectric Light and Power company was 
started in 1893 by S. E. Bradt and .John Glidden. 
They are working under twenty year franchise. 

In 1891 the Wells Shoe factory was established 
in DeKalb and has been continually growing and 
at present employs four hundred hands and has a 
capacity of three thousand pairs of shoes daily. 
This has proved to be one of the strong manu- 
facturing industries of the county. 

The Barb City Manufacturing company was in- 
stituted in 1895. A portion of the plant they 
occupy was originally built by Ed. Beers, who 
manufactured plows in 1871. The company man- 
ufactures many kinds of farming implements and 
at present is very prosperous, giving employment 
to several hundred men. 

DeKalb has generously given large bonuses to 
manufacturing companies and at present has 
grown so as to have a population of nine thousand 
people. The last achievement in this line was the 
locating of the Piano Manufacturing company, 
which employs three hundred hands. 

The building of the Normal has been one of the 
things that has made DeKalb famous. Tt was 



located largely through the efforts of Col. I. L. 
Ellwood and through the generosity of Joseph 

Hiram Ellwood was one of the first citizens of 
DeKalb to be honored by a county office and was 
elected in 1859 and again in 1861. Before this 
time the county officers received but a small sal- 
ary and there was not much contest as to who 
should hold the position. In 1864 I. V. Randall 
was elected a member of the Legislature. In 1868 
Hon. C. W. Marsh was elected representative and 
served several terms. 

Daniel D. Hunt was elected representative in 
1886, served two terms at representative and in 
1890 was elected state senator. After his retire- 
ment to his farm he became a heavy stockholder 
in the New Era Publishing Co., publishers of 
the New Era readers and other school text 

S. 0. Vaughn was a man who held local office for 
nearly a half century. He was a Mason of the 
thirty-third degree, a P. M. of the the Blue lodge, 
H. P. of the chapter, E. C. of the Sycamore com- 
mandery and I. commander-in-chief of the con- 
sistory and grand H. P. of the general grand 
chapter of Illinois. Except General Dustin was 
the only grand presiding officer of any of the grand 
bodies of the state of Illinois elected from our 
county. In 1867 the Freeport consistory absorbed 
the DeKalb consistory, as the buildings were not 
large enough and the territory too small to sustain 
a Masonic body of such proportions as the con- 
sistories of the county have become. 

In 1884 the political meeting was held under the 
auspices of the Democratic party at DeKalb and 
attracted about 30,000 people. At one time there 
were thirty-three bands playing on Main street. 
The orators were Henry Watterson, Gen. John 
M. Palmer and ex-Governor McDonald of Indiana. 
Fourteen cattle were roasted at what is now Nor- 
mal Park, and other edibles were sent in by Dem- 
ocratic organizations throughout the country and 
distributed free. One thing that will be remem- 
bered about this day is the stormy weather. It 
began to rain in the morning and continued 
through the day. 

The men from the township who have held the 
position of supervisor were Thomas M. Hopkins, 
Joseph F. Glidden. Alonzo Converse, Lo Huntley. 
Marcus White, E. P. Young, Hiram Ellwood, Sila? 

Tappan, H. Thompson, Lewis McEwen, D. D. 
Hunt, V. A. Glidden. Those who have held that 
position from the city as assistant supervisors 
were W. Hallen, Silas Tappan, L. Morse, S. O. 
Vaughan, E. B. Gilbert, W. C. Tappan, Harvey 
Thompson, William A. Miller L. M. McEwen, 
William H. Record, J. S. Russell, A. W. Fisk, B. 
White, H. B. Gurler, J. J. Johnson. 


The township of Mayfield, while not the first 
one permanently settled in our county, is ante- 
dated by but few townships, notably Squaw Grove, 
Somonauk, Kingston, Sycamore and perhaps Shab- 
bona. The early history of this township is full 
of interest, and while the last of the first settlers 
who located here previous to 1837 have passed 
away, still it was from the lips of these hardy pio- 
neers who did so much for the prosperity of their 
descendants and gave those who follow them a rich 
legacy of good deeds and sterling attributes of 
character, we have many interesting anecdotes. 
The settlements in Mayfield were made in the 
woods and along the streams, and the first settler 
was without doubt Ira Douglas. Others came in 
the same year, namely : John Tower, John Thorn, 
Morris and Erasmus D. Walrod, Robert Graham, 
Samuel Gilbert, James McCollum and Hon. Henry 
Madden. These settlers found that Mayfield had 
been occupied by the Indians previous to their 
coming but at that time no Indians were residing 
permanently in the township. The village of Col- 
tonville in DeKalb township, immediately south 
of the Mayfield line, was the permanent residence 
of the Indians and when the settlers came they 
found in the neighborhood one hundred Indians 
residing in the grove near the present Adee farm. 
Near the south line of the township was buried 
the old Indian chief, Capas. Capas had been slain 
in an encounter with the Indians and his remains 
were buried in a stockade covered with timber. 
He was found in a sitting posture with pipe, arms 
and everything necessary for life on the happy 
hunting ground. Sometime in the early '40s his 
remains, with the bullet that caused his death, 
were taken by Dr. Richards of the old St. Charles 
Medical School. Along the banks of the Kish- 
waukee many implements used by the Indians in 
warfare and domestic life have been found and 



thinly scattered over the prairie the plowman 
found arrow and spear heads. About thirty years 
ago Wallace Bacon found on the farm now owned 
by John Dick a large arrow head firmly imbedded 
in a largo bone. Later research and knowledge 
leads us to believe Unit it was the bone of a 
buffalo. Near the Mayfield town hall the writer 
in I87'i picked up a portion of an elk's horn, 
which tells us definitely of the fauna of the earlier 
davs. Mayfield in the days of her early settle- 
ment wns covered by al t five thousand acres of 

timber. The remainder was gently undulating. 
unbroken prairie, tinted during the spring, sum- 
mer and early autumn with the various shades of 
the wild flower. In the early springtime it was 
covered with yellow buttercups; then came the lady 
slippers; later it was flecked with the deep scarlel 
prairie lily. In summer il was a purple sea of 
wild flos : then came the prairie flowers of autumn, 
yellow and sombre. 

After the organization of the township it was 
called Liberty, but owing to its exuberance of 
wild flowers in the spring her first supervisor, 
Mulford Nlckerson, following the suggestion of his 
daughter, Eunice, who was a teacher of the earlier 
days, named the township Mayfield. The early 
settlers of Mayfield were at Pleasant II ill. Ilrush 
Poinl and mi the south side of the town near Col- 
tonville. The early settlers Eound an abundance 
of game and during the winter season were never 
without sufficient food. The winter of 1810 had 
destroyed the buffalo and elk. so that it was a 
great exception if any ill' these animals were seen 
east nf the Mississippi river after that time. Deer 
was found in great abundance. John Mullen, the 
pioneer of the town, said that one morning during 
the winter nf the earl] '40s he killed seven deer 
before breakfast, ami as late as November I. 1856, 
Eouton Graham appeared at the old Brush Point 
schoolhouse ami with his rifle on his shoulder to 
east his vote for "Buck," as be called Buchanan, 
said be would kill a buck before supper, which 
boast he successfully carried out. A quarter of 
a century ago there were no name laws in force 
and quail ami prairie chicken were trapped during 
the winter season by the thousands. When the 
snow was deep and the winter severe the wild fowl 
would frequent barnyards ami grain stacks, for 
during those early years the bum of the thresher 
was heard all winter. Prairie wolves were heard 

every night and hunger often drove them to the 
haunts of man lor food. In the autumn the wild 
fowl covered every pond and stream and in those 
times the tiller's spade had not destroyed their 
marshy hiding places, and on the farm now owned 
by William Wike, two of the pioneers in the fall 
of 1865 hid in some willow bushes and without 
changing position killed enough water fowl to fill 
a. bushel basket. Wild pigeons at this season came 
in such numbers that in their southward flight 
they would keep up their continuous procession 
for days and were so thick that they would darken 
the sun. Pigeon potpie was very common at this 
time, for the person who could point a gun heav- 
enward was sure of a game dinner. The sand 
bill crane was a gamy fowl ami nf delicious flavor, 
but tiny tlew at greal heights and when on the 
ground were hard to approach and the aspiring 
hunter alter shunting one was a mighty Nimrod. 

Eowever, this beautiful prairie was not free 
from the primal curse. The beneficent sun. 
which kindle- into being so many forms of life, 
fails not to engender venom and death from the 
slime of the pestilential swamp and marsh and 
mam were the ague and fever stricken victims of 
early days. On the prairie and along the streams 
the rattlesnake ran- out his sharp warning, 
winch no man would dare to contemn. Roderick 
Carnes, while breaking a piece of prairie sod 
about sixty years ago. in finishing bis field dis- 
patched about twenty-live rattlers, .lames Robert 
(irahain and David Tower, settlers who came to 
Mayfield in 18:36 and 1838, respectively, have told 
that rattle snakes were as common in their boy- 
I I a- -arti r snakes of today. 

Before Mayfield was known as a township Dr. 
Henry Madden, of Brush Point, had been elected 
first representative of this district to the legisla- 
ture, which was during the lime the portion now 
De Kalb county was a part of Kane ami the meas- 
ure of setting apart the territory now Do Kalb 
was presented and passed through his efforts. Dr. 
Madden was a great reader, a man well educated 
for those times, ami seems to have been well 
known throughout northern Illinois. lie served 
his county and his locality in many different posi- 
tions, lie later moved h> Malta, dying there in 
1867. The town was kept in a broil for many 
years by claim jumpers, but when the claim wars 
wrre settled by the perfection of their titles 





through purchase from the government and the 
claims of the rival point for the seat of justice 
had been disposed of, the settlers of the town 
moved on the even tenor of their way with per- 
fect quiet. The old settlers gradually acquired 
the comforts of life, the outlying territory became 
settled and the township increased in wealth and 

The first religious service in Mayfield was held 
in the log cabin of Ira Douglas some time about 
the year 1837, and for years afterward until the 
Pleasant schoolhouse was built in the early '40s. 
In 1844 the Wesleyan Methodist church separated 
from the Methodist Episcopal and a society of 
that denomination was organized. For a time it 
had its class meetings and religious services in pri- 
vate residences until the building of the Brush 
Point schoolhouse, when their services were held 
there until 1862, when the Wesleyan Methodist 
church was erected. One of the foundation prin- 
ciples of this church was opposition to slavery and 
in the earlier days previous to the war this re- 
ligious organization was the strongest in this 
township and it was the members of this religious 
organization was the strongest in this township 
and it was the members of this religious organiza- 
tion that conducted the workings of the under- 
ground railway. Those who were now known to 
have been active in assisting slaves to Canada and 
freedom were Joshua Townsend and his sons, Ste- 
phen and Charles ; Mulford Nickerson and his son, 
William A. Nickerson; Peter, John and Ira Nich- 
ols. At the time these men were active in this 
work they were regarded by many as lawbreakers, 
but in the line of all that has happened we are 
proud of the fact that these men had the cour- 
age of their convictions and did so much for the 
freedom of humanity. William A. Nickerson, who 
still lives in Grand Traverse county, Michigan, 
at the age of ninety-seven years, was one of the 
foremost citizens of Mayfield. He represented his 
town several years as supervisor, was prominent 
in county affairs generally, and for years a locaT 
preacher. The Townsends came into Mayfield in 
1840 with the exception of Charles, who came in 
1837. Joshua Townsend was a man beyond middle 
life when he came here, but his son Stephen wag 
a very active and public-spirited man, one of the 
foremost organizers of the freesoil and afterward 
one of the republican party of this county. He 

was a man of more than average intelligence, 
genial and pleasant and was a man of almost boy- 
ish enthusiasm. Very few men have exerted a 
larger influence over the community in which he 
lived than Stephen Townsend. The Nichols 
moved to Mayfield in 1837, John Nichols having 
moved here two years previous. They were active 
in the organization of the Wesleyan church, were 
prominent in underground railroad circles and 
contributed a great deal to the social and religious 
life of the community. In the early '40s among 
the many that came to Mayfield were the Smith 
brothers, Spafford and Curtis. Spafford became 
a wealthy landholder, later retired from active 
business and lived in Sycamore until the time of 
his death. Curtis Smith served the town and 
county faithfully, was supervisor for many years 
and in the early days was a prominent leader in 
whig politics. He afterward became allied with 
the republican party and was active in its coun- 
cils. He was a ready debater, a man very well 
read and of great intelligence. Harrison Mackey 
came to Mayfield in 1839, was a successful finan- 
cier and died on the farm he bought from Uncle 
Sam, at an advanced age. Joseph Collier came 
in 1835 and first settled in Kingston. He after- 
ward took up a claim in Mayfield and was living 
there at the time of his death in 1837. Mr. Col- 
lier had been a captain of militia in the state of 
Ohio and he. with Stephen Moury, of Coltonville, 
was elected justice of the peace when this county 
was still a part of La Salle. He was one of the 
first of the early settlers who died in De Kalb 

The Methodists held religious services in the 
Partridge schoolhouse, Pleasant Hill schoolhouse 
and the Vandeburg schoolhouse for many years, 

but in 1860, under the leadership of Rev. ■ 

Webster, who was pastor of the Kingston circuit, 
which then included the Methodist appointments 
in Mayfield and Kingston, two churches were 
built. One known as the Pleasant Hill 
church on the Kingston side of the base line on 
land now owned by Charles Nichols, section 35, 
Kingston. Another known as Bethel church was 
built on the north side of section 1, Mayfield. 
When Rev. Webster announced his first service on 
the site of what later became Bethel church, he 
stated that he would preach on the devil's pre-emp- 
tion on a certain Sunday. On the day appointed 



hundreds of people came to hear the sermon and he 
announced to them that he would build a church 
on this spot. He was a man of great energy, doing 
considerable of the work himself. His son after- 
ward became a candidate for United States senator 
and is iii present contemplating entering the race 
in opposition to A. J. Hopkins. The Vandeburg 
schoolhouse was for years one of the points of 
the township, where many public meetings were 
held, the Methodist, Adventist and Baptist de- 

ni nations having services there at different 

times, and it was the scene of the old Durgeon 
sinking schools, which were held there in the win- 
ter of L854, people attending from miles around. 
Some men and women approaching the three 
score and ten of life slide how they walked five 
or six miles weekly to attend these singing schools. 
The Brush Point schoolhouse was until 1860 the 
election precinct of Mayfield. Political meetings 

were held here ill the early days. The whigs. I'ree- 

soilers and democrats had political meetings there 
until 1848. In 1856 a great republican rally was 
held there, hundreds attending from Sycamore, 
De Kalh and other places. In I860 the township 
elections were held at Partridge schoolhouse and 
that was the scene of political meetings and elec- 
tions from I860 until iS", I. when Mayfield built 
the present town hall. The Wesleyan society men- 
tioned previously has since been converted into a 
Congregational organization, and at present a min- 
ister of that denomination holds regular services 
there. In 1864 or L865 a sectarian spirit ran high 
and religious dissensions were the order of the day. 
An Adventist preacher — Harry McCullock, and 

Charles Sherw 1. of the Christian faith, held a 

debate which lasted for ii period of a week. As is 
usual, both sides of the contest thought their speak- 
ers were victorious, for years these denominations 
held services in the We&leyan church, and as is the 
ease with union churches generally, a collision 
came and the Adventist and Christian denomina- 
tions built what was known as Christian chapel 
a mile west of the present Wesleyan church. In 
about 1878 the two denominations. Adventist and 
Christian, no longer continued their sen ices and 
the church was moved away and is now used as 
a farm building. The denominational bitterness 
engendered at this time was injurious to the re- 
ligious and social life of Mayfield. Tf we were to 
discuss the matter with members of the various 

denominations we would hear three sides of the 
question. Whatever the merits of the case might 
have been it is safe to say that on the whole the 
results were injurious. Some families embittered 
by religious dissensions moved away from the town 
and so far as we are able to observe the spirit of 
( 'hristian fellowship w as never so strong after these 
days of rancorous religious dissension. 

Ii has been stated that the first school in May- 
field was taught by Lucy Stewart in Hodge's 
house, known later as the Carlisle place, about 
ii mile south of the Ira Douglas farm on the. 
Pleasant Hill road. Others state that the first 
school was taught by Fanny Clark, in the log 
cabin located on the farm afterward owned by 
Mason McClelland. 

Mayfield furnished two soldiers for the war 
with Mexico — one George Dennis, who still lives 
in Iowa. Thi' name of the other we have been 
unable to ascertain. In the breaking out of the 
rebellion, Mayfield furnished troops regularly at 
each call and during the war furnished one hun- 
dred and three men. It raised over twelve thou- 
-iiiul dollars in bounties for the soldiers. Those 
who died in the service of their country were J. 
P. Young. W. 11. Decker. G. G. Farwell. J. Pat- 
ter-on. Turner Wing, Alonzo Houghton. William 
Stevenson, Joseph Piper, Samuel Piper, Edward 
Howe, Elias Gobel, Marvin Dennis and William 
Kerr. About twenty others were seriously wounded 
and some crippled for life. Tints of the one hun- 
dred and three men furnished more than a third 
n lie killed or disabled. 

Tn tlie early days of the pioneers of Mayfield 
prairie fires were common. Beginning in the town- 
ship of South Grove they would generally sweep 
over the prairie, much of which was uninhabit- 
able. On one occasion while Mr. J. IT. Dick, a 
pioneer of the early 'Hi-, was lying ill and un- 
conscious with typhoid fever, being attended alone 
at night by his wife, a prairie tire broke out. which 
threatened to destroy their home. This being 
sometime after midnight we can easily realize the 
terror felt by the lone woman in the care of her 
sick husband. A catastrophe was only evaded by 
the prompt assistance of the neighbors, who, 
knowing of her helpless condition, responded and 
thus saved their lives and property. 

The Walrods settled in Mayfield at an early 
dav and Erasmus Walrod was elected sheriff and 



was afterward a prominent citizen of Sycamore. 
.lames Sivwright, Sr., came to Mayfield in 1842, 
took up his land from the government, served his 
township for years as supervisor, was prominent 
in county and religious affairs, and at the time 
of his death was serving as coroner of De Kalh 

In 1887 the Great Western was built through 
the township of Mayfield and the village of Clare 
subsequently sprung up. While of no great pro- 
portions the village does a large shipping busi- 
ness and is a great convenience to the farmers of 
that locality. Three years ago the C. I. & M. 
passed through Mayfield and the station known 
as Wilkinson was established. In 185G a settle- 
ment .if Pennsylvania Germans was established in 
the north part of the town. They purchased homes 
ami afterward became thrifty fanners. Among 
the number were if. Ault, William Younkin, Wil- 
liam Remala. J. K. and William Cross and the 
Eotes. As soon as the prairie became settled and 
people began to realize that the prairie land was 
much better than timber land for general farming 
purposes and after the timber was cut off main 
Swedish families settled in the timber belt of 
Mayfield, at first buying little patches, building 
homes, clearing the land ami adding continually 
to their holdings until they have become pros- 
perous citizens. Among the number of Swedish- 
Americans in Mayfield who have become prosper- 
ous and useful citizens are Frank Gronberg, John 
Johnson, Frank Peterson and John Israelson. The 
supervisors of Mayfield were: Mulford Nickerson, 
1850; Willis Lott, 1851; James Sivwright, 1852; 
Agrippa Dow, 1853-51: James Parker, 1855: 
Henry Madden, 1856; W. A. Nickerson, 1S57-58; 
A. B.Crippen, 1859-60; .lames Sivwright, 1801-62; 
T. Wynkoop, 1803-04: Curtis Smith. 1865-72; E. 
P. Safford, 1873-1 G; Nelson Sivwright, 1817-79; 
Nelson Sivwright, l.ssl ; E. P. Safford, 1882; 
H. 0. Whittemore, 1883-84; Nelson Sivwright, 
1885: H. O. Whittemore, 1886; Oscar Smult, 
1886-89 ; James Sivwright, 1890-94; Edwin Town- 
sen. I. 1895-1901; F. S. Ault, 1901-05; George 
Dick, 1906-07. 


Kingston, one of the first settled townships in 
the county, was the home of a considerable por- 

tion of the tribe of Pottawattomie Indians until 
1835. Here they had erected their wigwams in 
the timberland along the Kishwaukee, and obtain- 
ing fish from this stream and game from the 
fields and forests, the meat question was easily 
settled. The fertile land bordering the Kishwau- 
kee was made by the squaws into most productive 
corn fields and in the contentment, of their bar- 
barous customs they existed in this township until 
the command came from the Finited States govern- 
ment for them to move west. The land they va- 
cated was quickly usurped by the white people who 
had come from the east in search of a desirable 
location for future homes. They found their way 
to this beautiful piece of natural woodland by fol- 
lowing a trail which a detachment of General 
Scott's army had made when it crossed the north- 
ern part of the country during Black Hawk's war. 
The road for many years was known as "Scott's 
trail." and it now is called the "State road." This 
detachment of Scott's army camped over night 
near the northern boundary of Kingston, and 
while there some of their number died. They were 
buried under a burr oak tree just north of the 
county limits not far from the Davis church. 

Kingston, offering the natural advantages of 
timber and water, was early selected as a most de- 
sirable spot by many of the first residents of the 
county. Thomas Eobb is thought to have been 
the first to make a settlement and he took up a 
claim in 1835. Mr. Eobb was a soldier of the 
Black Hawk war and it was during his service in 
this conflict that he saw the possibilities of this 
part of the country. He was soon after followed 
by Harmon and William Miller, John Judd, Isaiah 
Fairclo, Lyman Judd, Joseph Collier, Nathan 
Billings, John Friel, Louis Driggs, George H. 
Hill, James Green, Benjamin Schoonover, Levi 
Lee and others. These stanch pioneers had come 
to make De Kalb county their home, and they 
made the best of the hardships of all kinds that 
attended the lives of the early settlers. 

George Hill was an early justice of the peace 
and performed the ceremony that united in mar- 
riage Zalmon Young and Sarah Brown, October 5, 
1837. Theirs was the second license issued in De 
Kalb county. In the same year William Miller 
raised ten acres of corn, the largest crop in the 
county. Mr. Miller continued to live on his farm 
until 1873, when he removed to De Kalb, and the 



Miller farm is now known far and wide as a most 
desirable spot for summer picnics and camping 

George H. Hill's home was on the hank of the 
Kishwaukee, north of the residence where he lived 
at the time of his death. Finding a knoll suit- 
able for the location of Ins home, he erected a log 
cottage, but in 1836 it was burned down by In- 
dians and it was then learned that the house was 
located on an Indian cemetery. The Kingston 
postoffice was established in lS.'il at tin- residence 
of Hon. Levi Lee, who lived near the mouth of 
Lee's urn. Eere 1m- had built a mill, and a store 
had been erected, and for a tunc this bid fair to 
make a good inland village. Other mills were lo- 
cated along the si nam in this tow nship, one on tin 1 
farm now owned h\ <;. W. Ault. known as SI 
mill, and one on the Hill farm, known as Gaultfs 
mill, ami one at the big bend of tin- river in the 
edge of Genoa township, known as Gleason's mill. 
They were all sawmills and the timber suitable for 
lumber was soon cut oil' and one by one these mills 
ceased to operate. A village sprung up known as 
Stuartsville about a mile wesl of the present vil- 
lage el' Kingston, ami continued its existence until 
the building of the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railroad in 1876. 

The firs! religious services held in the township 
of Kingston were in private residences, and Rev. 
Levi Lee was the drsl to conducl that service, and 
it i~ now supposed that the first service was held 
in the home of Thomas Robh. These services 
continued to he held in private houses until the 
erection of a schoolhouse in the early '40s, near 
the present site of the graded school. The firsi 
school was taught by Harriet Russell and was a 
private institution, being supported by the citizens 
of the community and was what was known in that 
time as a "subscription school."' King-ton being 
well supplied with timber and water, the settlers 
soon began to come in and it became one of the 
most populous townships in the county. The saw- 
mills gave work to a large number of men. Aside 
from this there were many springs along the river, 
and here the early pioneers made their hone-. 
When the settlers first arrived in this township 
1 1 1< \ found that the Indians had an encampment 
on the low land of the farm now owned by G. W. 
Ault and a cemetery on the site of Judge Hill's 
first cabin and one on the farm owned by Ed Stu- 

ait. The cemetery em Stuart's farm has been one 
of considerable interest, and many Indian graves 
have been opened and skeletons and Indian relics 
have been taken therefrom. Some of these are 
now in possession of Dr. Hill, of Genoa. Tradi- 
tion say- that the Indian councils, from which 
Shabbona retired to notify the settlers ol an in- 
tended attack, was held in Kingston township. 
Levi Lee was for many years one of the prominent 
citizens of He Kalh county, lie was a man that 
«;i> highly respected and regarded by every one. 
He was one of the first three county commission- 
ers elected in js:i? and held various official po- 
-n ions in the county. The land which he had 
taken up became the subject of dispute and finalh 
cost Mr. Lee nearly his whole fortune. He moved 
t" Elkhorn, Wisconsin, in the later '50s. dying 
there some fifteen years later. 

The postoffice was established in north Kingston 
in the later 30s, and Charles \V. Branch, for 
ears a prominent citizen of Kingston, was the 
firsi postmaster. In the list, of old postoffices 
given by John Wentworth, we find that the in- 
eome of this office was in 1853 si\ dollars and 
eighty-four cents and the salary of the Kingston 
postoffice at the home of Hon. Levi Lee in 1841 
was the magnificent sum of four dollars and thirtv- 
one cent-. 

Among tin- earl] settlers who came were the 
Fosters. Captain .1. W. Poster enlisted in the 
Forty-second Illinois Infantry and at the time of 
bag the wound which caused his retirement 
from the service was holding the position of cap- 
tain ol ' ' Mm. ( . When he came to Kingston 
he remembers well tin' Indian burial places and 
-tates that the bodies of about a half dozen pa- 

i ses were wrapped in bark and suspended in 

trees. The settlers of this community were com- 
pelled to go to Ottawa to mill and to take their 
produce to Chicago, and during the early history 
of the county many were the hardships endured 
by these pioneers. A little incident occurred in 
early '40s which illustrates to what straits the 
early inhabitants were reduced and what hard- 
ships the early pioneers were compelled to endure. 
The neighborhood in which Mr. Joseph Arbuekle 
lived ran short of flour and some of the neighbors, 
with Mr. and Mrs. Foster, held a counsel and 
talked the situation over, and as the nearest mill 
was at St. Charles and Mr. Arbuekle was the onlv 



one that had a team, it was decided that he should 
take the grist to mill for the neighborhood, but 
they found he had no pants suitable to wear, as 
the weather was decidedly cold. Mrs. Foster had 
some wool, and the women of the neighborhood 
gathered and picked and carded it, and as fast as 
it was carded there neighbors brought it to Mrs. 
Arbucklc to spin, which was in the neighborhood 
of a mile from the Foster residence. After the 
cloth had been spun into rolls it was again re- 
in rued to Mrs. Foster to do the weaving, and they 
began in the early morning to cut the cloth and 
sew the pieces together for the garment, and when 
early morning came, Mr. Arbuckle, equipped with 
a warm pair of trousers, made his way to St. 
Charles, waited lor his grist and returned after 
an absence of over three days, but the neighbor- 
hood had plenty of flour from that time on till 

On another occasion George Hill and the Fos- 
ters were visiting at the home of Arbuckles, and 
as was the custom of the early settlers when visit- 
ing, they started to get supper for the guests, but 
finding that the corn meal had run low and that 
some dried com was in the oven ready to be 
shelled and taken to mill, the men resolved to pre- 
pare the meal necessary for the Johnny cake at 
once, so one party shelled the corn, another turned 
the coffee mill, and in about thirty minutes 
enough corn meal flour was had for the necessary 
Johnny cake, and those who partook of that re- 
past state that they never enjoyed an evening 
meal better. 

The winter of 1842 caused considerable suffer- 
ing among the early inhabitants of Kingston. 
Snow came early in the fall and remained until 
spring, except the period of the January thaw. 
The people had plenty of provision, as game was 
driven to the barnyard for food, and during that 
year many of the deer, that were then so plentiful 
in thai section of the country, were killed, and 
from that time on deer was a rare game in this 

The timber along the stream furnished many 
sites for the early camp meeting and for the Sun- 
day-school picnics. In that early day before 
churches were numerous the camp meeting was a 
necessity, and they would last sometimes for over 
four weeks, at which time thousands of people 
would come from different parts of the country. 

Many of the early settlers were converted at these 
meetings and allied themselves with the different 
churches. The writer well remembers the Sun- 
day-school picnics held in Poust's woods in the 
later '60s and early "IDs, and remembers the great 
numbers who were present on those occasions. 

George H. Hill, aside from being one of the 
early justices, served his town as supervisor for 
many years previous to the organization of the 
board of supervisors, was one of the county com- 
missioners and was elected county judge in 1852 
and served two terms. He also served a term 
as county treasurer. He was elected a delegate to 
the constitutional convention of 1848. Judge Hill 
was a man of splendid ability, was a stalwart re- 
publican, was known through the county for his 
candor, intelligence and integrity, and at the time 
that he was in the full strength of his manhood 
no citizen of Dc Kail) county would wield a wider 
influence in her political councils. He was very 
patriotic and during the war made great efforts 
for the enlistment of troops and was one of the 
organizers of the Home Guard. He died at an 
advanced age, in 1890, on the farm he had taken 
from the government in 1835. 

Some time in the '50s a large distillery was 
built by the Ball brothers in the east part of the 
township, north of the creek, in heavy timber. 
For a time this institution employed a large num- 
ber of men and manufactured considerable liquor 
and fed hundreds of cattle, but in the early '60s 
it was presumed that a murder was committed 
there and trouble was made for the authorities. 
Some were arrested, but upon examination no 
guilt was proven, the institution was closed and 
stood for many years until lorn down lately. In 
1863 Kishwaukee lodge, A. F. & A. M., No. 402, 
was instituted and held forth in the Wyllys build- 
ing in Stuartville until Kingston was started, when 
the building was moved to that town. This lodge 
had for many years jurisdiction of all the town- 
ship of Kingston and the township of Franklin, 
part of South Grove and May field, and was ex- 
ceedingly prosperous and had about eighty mem- 
bers, when in 1891 the Kirkland lodge was or- 
ganized, which took away more than half of its 
jurisdiction. In 1884 Gilbert Barnes post, No. 
395, G. A. E., was organized, with twelve mem- 
bers. The charter members were J. W. Foster, 
S. S. Eussell, James Mackey, S. D. Whitney, B. P. 



Penney, H. M. Stark, Eenry Bacon, 0. II. Taplin, 
A. .1. .Miller and A. II. Clark. While the number 
of members has dei ceased at the present time, still 
this is one of the mosl enthusiastic posts in the 
county and exercises a patriotic influence over the 
rising generation. Kingston sent one hundred 
and five men to the Civil war. Among those who 
attained prominence in the service were Colonel 
Lorenzo II. Whitney, Lieutenant William Whit- 
ney, both id' the Eighth Illinois Cavalry: Lieuten- 
ant William Hill, of the Ninety-fifth Infantry; 
Lieutenant John Eeckman, of the Ninety-fifth 
Illinois Infantry; Captain .1. W. Foster, of the 
Forty-second Infantry. He was desperately 
wounded and reported dead, hut survived to suffer 
the horrors of a rebel prison. Stories of his im- 
prisonment, escape, recapture and final flight to 
the Union line- is of thrilling interest. Lieuten- 
ant Gilbert Barnes, of the Forty-second Illinois. 
lost his life early in the service, lie was a young 
man of considerable prominence, well educated, 
and had a brigb.1 future. Eis death occurring 
early in the war created a deep impression. Barnes 
post i- Darned in his honor, of the one hundred 
and five who entered lie 3ervice twenty- 
nine lost thru' lives. Three of them were 
sons of John Russell, namely: Wesley D., 
of the Thirteenth Infantry: Richard W., id' 
the Forty-second Illinois, ami I 'avid F.. 
of the Ninety-fifth [nfantry. John Russell fur- 
nished five son- to the Union cause, losing three 
on the field of battle, while one was desperatebj 
wounded. The loss of three brighi young men in 
the flower of young manh I caused the prema- 
ture death id' their patriotic mother. Richard W. 
Atwood, of the One Hundred and Fifth, lost an 
arm and leg at Dalton, Georgia, dying two weeks 
later. Ira G. Burzell, of the Eighth Illinois Cav- 
alry, Ma- drowned in the Mississippi, and Aiba 
Lankton, of the Ninety-fifth, died in the hospital 
at Vicksburg. The other- from this township who 
lost their lives in the . re John Swanson. 

David Bear, Levi Sherman, Lieutenant Gilbert 
Barnes, Abner Westbrook, dame- Collier, Frank 
Arntz, J. B. Blake. Abner Dalby, Prison Brainerd, 
Henry Potter, William H. Branch, E. II. Branch, 
William Davis, Lewis Miller. William Middleton, 
Andrew Raymond, George \\er-. Thomas Burch- 
tleld. C. M. Brown. Isaac Kettle, George Palmer, 
and Frank HcMahon. 

In 1860 the Pleasant Hill church was built on 
the south line of the township, which has been 
mentioned in the history of Mayfield. In 1876, 
upon the platting of the village of Kingston, Ly- 
man ami James Stuart paid for the removal of 
the church to its present site in Kingston. In the 
later '80s a Baptist church was organized and an 
edifice erected. In 1881 the Kingston grade 
school building \\a- erected at a cost of three 
thousand three hundred dollars. J. G. Lucas, now 
county superintendent of Boone county, was its 
first principal. The schoolhouse was burned in 
1895 ami the present beautiful edifice erected. 
The Kingston school has an alumni that has fur- 
nished many teachers, professional and business 
men to tin- pail of the country. 

"In the year 1852 a catastrophe occurred in 
this township, which cosl the lives of three young 
men. Rue! Layton, William Hicks and Doras Hol- 
lenbeck, at Stuart's mill. Kingston. When the 
river was high there was a heavy flow of water 
over the top of the dam. and at such times there 
was a swirling movement of the waters, where 
the overflow struck the water below the dam that 
made it impossible for a small boat to cross the 
disturbed part of the water without being 
swamped. Such were the conditions on the 3d 
of February. 18.V.'. when the young men under- 
took to cross the river in a small boat and were 
drowned. Rue! Layton was in the employ of 
1 1 nam Stuart in the mill, and a part of his duty 
wa- to lake people across the liver in the time of 
high water, a- there wa- no bridge near and that 
was the only means id crossing at such times. 
His parents lived near, and with them boarded 
Seymour Eicks, a brother of William Hicks. Hi- 
ram Stuart resided mi the south side of the river, 

and with him boarded William Eicks, a -i - 

maker by trade, who in the previous year had 
built a shop a mile south of the mill, and with his 
brother, Seymour links, working with him. began 
business there, lie had been away for a few day- 
on a visit to an uncle, who lived near Waukegan, 
and had just returned befotv William was 
drowned. William had gone almost immediately 
to hi- shop and Seymour had stopped at his 
fathers over night in order to acquaint his people 
with the incidents of his visit. Doras Eollenbeck 
lived with his parents one mile west and three- 
quarters of a mile north of the mill and had been 



at the shoe shop to see about a pair of boots and 
was on his way home, accompanied by William 
Hicks as far as Mt. Stuart's, where, finding Mr. 
Stuart's people absent it is presumed he went 
along with Layton to ferry Hollenbeck across the 
river. Mr. Stuart's people not being at home at 
just that time, no one heard the talk of the young 
men or knew of their plans. All three were seen 
by Layton's mother on the way from Stuart's 
house to the boat. No one saw them in the boat 
and their absence was not noted until the next 
morning, when Seymour Hicks went from his 
father's house to the shop, some three miles away, 
and found the door locked. His fears were aroused 
and he went to Stuart and found him very angry 
on account of the absence of Layton and the morn- 
ing's work not done. Then lie went to Mr. Lay- 
ton's, but he learned nothing more than that Mrs. 
Layton had seen the three going toward the boat 
the evening before. The boat was gone and it 
was also reported that the three young men were 
missing. Then came the report that a boat had 
been found three-quarters of a mile down the 
river turned bottom side up. By this time there 
was quite a gathering of people, a general alarm 
was given, and soon many from miles away hurried 
to the place, all anxious to aid in the recovery of 
the bodies. By the next morning there were hun- 
dreds of people lining the banks of each side of 
the river, searching for the bodies. That day, 
February 5, the body of William Hicks was found 
some forty rods below the dam at a bend in the 
river, caught in some brush and one boot showing 
partly above the surface. The water had been 
slowly falling, which had exposed a portion of the 
foot. On the 6th the body of Hollenbeck was 
found some distance farther down the river, and 
it was not until the 7th that the body id' Ruel 
Layton was recovered about a mile below the dam. 
The prevailing opinion seemed to be that Layton 
in managing the boat steered across, or too close 
to, a portion of the swirling water and that the 
boat was capsized, throwing them into the most 
dangerous part, where, hampered by their heavy 
wilder clothing, their bodies were hurled and 
tossed until life was extinct. Layton had taken 
several people across the river during the day and 
had said to some of them that he could take the 
boat across the swirling water safely, but had 
been prevented from doing so. It was from the 

talk he bad with those whom he had taken across 
during the high water that the opinion was formed 
that the dreadful accident had happened as given 
above. The young men were good swimmers and 
had the boat been overturned below the swirl of 
the water if would seem as though they would 
have been able to save themselves by swimming 
ashore. The sad ending of the lives of these three 
young men east a heavy gloom over the com- 
munity and the bereaved families had the sincere 
sympathy of all.'' 

In 1853 a tornado passed over the townships of 
Franklin and Kingston, doing an immense amount 
of damage. This tornado caused a severe loss of 
property to the settlers, who had just built their 
new homes. In 1860 a tornado of much greater 
Eorce swept over the town. It wa.-s first seen as a 
black cloud in funnel shape sweeping along at the 
rate of a mile a minute. Huge trees were taken 
up in the air and carried off like straws. A house 
belonging to Isaac McCoy was torn in fragments 
and not a stick of it was left in its former posi- 
tion. Even the stones of its cellar were carried 
off. It had been occupied by a Mr. Weaver, but 
fortunately was not occupied at that time. The 
earth in the course of (he tornado was swept and 
hollowed out so that it resembled the bed of a 
rapid river. Large stumps were torn out by the 
roots. Mr. Luke Penwell, seeing its approach, ran 
to avoid it, but being caught seized a sapling, to 
which he clung with the energy of despair, while 
the wind whipped his legs around his head with 
great violence. 

Some time in the later '8Cte the Illinois Central 
passed through this township, and along its line 
is the little village of Colvin Park, which makes 
an excellent shipping station for the farmers in 
the northern part of this township. The Stuart 
family came to this township in 1S39, bringing 
with them some property, and became some of the 
most substantial business men of that section. 
James and Lyman Stuart platted the village of 
Kingston in 1876 and built the first house there 
and organized the lirst business enterprise. Their 
competing point was started at Chaplinville and a 
splendid two-story brick building and a large mill 
with four buhrs were erected, this costing forty 
thousand dollars. 

A Catholic church was also built by Mr. Chap- 
man and a store by Mr. Aurner, but the village of 



Kingston had its depot about a half mile west and 
Genoa being two and a half miles east, its business 
enterprise soon died out and at present nothing 
remains but the buildings to tell of its past glory. 
"William Miller, one of the pioneers of the county, 
camp in is3i;, Jlarman Miller preceding him one 
year. He became the owner of about thirteen hun- 
dred acres of land, which is now in possession of 
Mrs. J. L. Ellwood, his daughter. In 183? Mr. 
Miller planted ten acres of corn, which up to that 
time was the largesl field in com. He was promi- 
nent in political affairs of Kingston and on his 
farm was held the firsi election in the township. 
The stump which served as a table in this pre- 
cinct was pointed out until about twenty-five years 
ago. Since that time the land has been cleared. 
He built a mill known as Millers sawmill south 
of his residence and for years did a thriving lum- 
ber business. The following named persons have 
served as supervisors of this township: John 
Sheeley, one year: C. W. Branch, one year; Wil- 
liam Miller, one year; Judge HOI, four years; 
George Ellwood, one year; Dr. .lame- McAllister, 
two years; Philip Heckman. two years; Judge 
Hill, one year: Charles W. Branch, six years; 
John L. Hoag. two years; Sylvester Mead, two 
years; Leroy Benson, two years; Aaron Clark, 
four years; II. EL Miller, seven years; J. D. 
Brown, two years; M. W. Cole, four years; Hiram 
Branch, four years, and D. B. Arbuckle, who is 
serving at the present time. Nearly all of the 
old settlers and their descendants have died or 
moved to other localities, and the majority of the 
farms are now owned by those who came at a 
later day. In the later '70s the Germans began to 
settle the timbered portion in the north part of 
the county and now form a progressive part of 
that population. In 1888 they built the German 
Evangelical church. Of those who have been quite 
prominent in local affairs of this community are 
Michael Schandelmeier, William Aves, William 
Puis, George Sexauer. L. A. Koeller. 


The history of Somonauk township is in some 
respects the earliest historj of the county. Old 
settler- who rely largely upon memory do not 
agree as to the first settlement of the county, but 
preponderance of evidence is in favor of the fad 
that the first temporary abode by white man m 

what is now De Kail) county was on Somonauk 
creek near the site of the present U. P. church, 
while the firsi permanent settlement, was in Squaw 
Grove township. Reuben Eoot was the first per- 
manent settler in what is now Somonauk township 
and he lived in the shack built by a Mr. Bobinson 
in 1834. The early history of the township of 
Sandwich and Somonauk especially the earlier 
half century is given in the reminiscences of the 
Eon. M. B. Castle, which we give here. The 
iscences are not given verbatim, as Mr. Castle 
touches frequently upon the story of other town- 
5, hut all matter pertaining to Somonauk 
township and its early settlers is given verbatim. 
\- frequently happens, when two cities are near 
eai b oth< r so thai they become rivals in trade, they 
watch each other with jealous eyes. Especially 
is this true when the two cities belong to the same 
political unit. Two of the townships of this 
countj which are thus situated have not always 
had harmonious internal political relations. The 
1 1. Millie in Franklin between Fairdale and Kirk- 
am 1 was settled by giving Fairdale a separate 
election precinci. Somonauk had maintained its 
election precinct for years, but the strife grew out 
of the division of the political fund of the town- 
ship, and the distribution of the funds raised by 
taxation. After numerous petitions and counter 
petitions and legal entanglements, out of the 
township of Somonauk were carved two political 
townships, in Somonauk retaining the old name, 
while the new was given the name of Sandwich, 
county which are thus situated have not always 
The early history of these two townships is indent- 
ical up to the period of division. After the build- 
ing of the C, B. & Q. railroad, Somonauk was 
established and grew rapidly. The organization 
of the churches has been given in a previous chap- 
ter, but in the early '90s the Baptist, Presbyterian 
and Methodist churches consolidated under the 
name of the Union Congregational church, and 
built a beautiful and commodious church edifice. 
The Lutheran and Evangelical societies were or- 
ganized and maintain church services to the pres- 
ent time. A Catholic society was organized in the 
later '50s by a priest from Naperville, who held 
services in private houses or in the hotel of the 
village, where the Catholics would assemble to do 
their daily duty, have their children baptized and 
receive the sacrament of the church. In 1863 they 


163 • 

purchased a hall and in 1866 built a frame church 
forty by eighty. This building was destroyed by 
fire in 1S68. This was replaced by a building of 
brick of the same dimensions, and at a later period 
an addition was built to the church. Rev. C. J. 
Huth was the first resideni priest of Somonauk, 
and remained there for sixteen years. Father 
11 uih was popular not only with the members of 
his congregation, but with the whole community, 
and when he was transferred from this appoint- 
ment the Protestants had a public meeting and 
made him a valuable present. 

The schools of Somonauk were established 
shortly after the building up of the village and 
the Somonauk graded school building was one 
of the first erected in the county. About four 
years ago the present new brick structure was 
completed. Warren Hubbard has been superin- 
tendent of the Somonauk schools for a period of 
seventeen years. Aside from A. J. Rlanchard he 
ha- served continuously at one point in the county 
Longer than any other individual. Mr. Hubbard 
is a Hue type of the Christian gentleman, genial, 
active, brighi and one of the excellent school men 
of northern Illinois. Somonauk maintains two 
excellent financial institutions: One known as the 
Somonauk Bank, managed by Wright & Stevens. 
and the other the State Bank, of which Joseph 
Antoine is president and C. White cashier. Frank- 
lin Dale erected the first store building in the 
village and opened a stock of general merchandise 
and became the pioneer merchant of the place. 
Mr. Hess was the second and opened a store, which 
is at present managed by his two sons, Henry 
and George. The Somonauk Reveille first made 
its appearance in 1875 and is in existence at the 
present time. 

Since 1872, since Somonauk has been a separate 
voting precinct, she has furnished the assistant 
supervisor of the township. The first was Edward 
Hoxey. next Thomas J. Wright. John Clark, 
Charles Merwin, Charles S. Lewis, Carter Wright, 
Peter McClelland, who served for a period of 
twelve years. He was followed by Isaac Hay and 
he by Henry Hess, who was serving at the time 
of the division of the township. The supervisors 
for the old town of Somonauk have been Lyman 
Bacon, William Patten. J. H. Furinan, H. 
Latham, Dr. C. Winne, E. W. Lewis, W. W. 
Sedgwick, W. L. Simmons, Hiram Loucks and 

Dr. Winne, who has now served longer than any 
other supervisor from this township. He was 
serving at the time of the town-hip division and 
ably opposed the separation. Since that time he 
has represented the town of Sandwich. 

The graded schools of Sandwich have had W. 
W. Woodbury for city superintendent during a 
period of fourteen years. He was connected with 
the schools previous to this time and was princi- 
pal of the grammar school. Sandwich maintains 
a four-year high school course and is regarded 
as one of the strong schools of the county. 

The Sandwich Manufacturing Company is 
known over the civilized world and sends its 
finished product to South America, Europe and 
Asia. This was one of the first strong establish- 
ments built up in the count)'. It. stands as a 
monument to August Adams, its founder. Its 
employees arc well paid and are capable men, 
who have served their town and county in re- 
sponsible positions. The Enterprise Manufactur- 
ing Company was established at a later date and 
is at presenl in a prosperous condition. The old 
township of Somonauk has a splendid war record, 
furnished three hundred and eleven men for the 
suppression of the rebellion and raised nearly 
twenty-eight thousand dollars to meet war ex- 
penses. Captain L. II. Carr was among the first 
Hoops of Illinois to occupy the strategic position 
of Cairo, and was one of the first companies raised 
in the state under the first call of the president. 
The gallant officer who responded so readily to the 
call of the nation in danger met his death from a 
bullet of a sharpshooter at the siege of Island 
No. 10. Frederick W. Partridge, a native of Ver- 
mont, and a student in the law office of Franklin 
Pierce, postmaster of Sandwich in 1860, raised a 
company in Sandwich, became its captain, was 
twice wounded, rose to the command of the regi- 
ment and at the close of the war was breveted 
brigadier general. He was elected circuit clerk 
and recorder and became a resident of Sycamore. 
After his return as minister to Siam he was ap- 
pointed to several positions of honor and trust 
by Presidents Hayes and Garfield. Colonel Isaac 
Rutishowser, of Somonauk, a native of Poland, 
ami his brother Carl, did gallant service in the 
Civil war. The latter attained the rank of colonel. 
The Beveridges were residents of Somonauk and 
came to this county in a very early day. They 



were Scotch Presbyterians and of strong anti- 
slavery faith. They maintained a station on the 
underground railway here and assisted many a 
negro to freedom. As stated in another part of 
this work, dames H. and John L. became promi- 
nent in affairs of state, the former serving as 
state treasurer and the latter as governor. Their 
father, George Beveridge, and their noble mother, 
were among the organizers of the United Presby- 
terian church. 

The village of Sandwich was organized and in- 
corporated in 1859 — thai of Somonauk in 1856. 

One of the churches of this county which de- 
serves special mention is the United Presbyterian 
church in the township of Somonauk, about three 
miles north of the village of Somonauk. It may 
be of intei'e.-i to know that in L858 the Associate 
Presbyterian and Associate Reformed Pres- 
byterian churches formed a union. Since 
that time the organization to which this 
church belonged has been known as the United 
Presbyterian church. About the year 1831 Mr. 
George Beveridge of Washington county. New 
York, came to this place, and after some time and 
in. i .i few privations secured a home. In 1842 lie 
broughl his family to Ins new home. About the 
same time other families came from the same 
place and settled in the neighbor! I. These peo- 
ple wishing to enjoy church privileges, began to 
arrange the establishment of their church home. 
In August, 1842, Rev. James Templeton visited 
and preached for them. Also Rev. dames Smith 
and Rev. George Vincent preached for them during 
the fall and winter. In 1843 Rev. R. Pollock, 
Rev. [saa< Law, Rev. !>'. W. French were sent by 
the board of home missions to preach for them. 

On March 18, 1846. the Associate Congregation 
of Somonauk, 1 >e Kalh county, Illinois, was organ- 
ized h\ Rev. R. W. French, in the home of Mr. 
George Beveridge, near where the church building 
is located. Messrs. William Patten and David M. 
Dobbin were elected ruling elders. There were 
twenty-one charter members, of whom only one is 
now living — Mr. John Walker of Sandwich, Illi- 
nois. Rev. R. W. I-" tench was pa-tor of the congre- 
gation from 1848 until June. I860; Rev. W. T. 
Moffett, D. D., from April 2. 1861, until Xo- 
vember 27, I8?"i : Rev. D. S. Kennedy. D. D., from 
September 5, 1878, until November 14. lSrt.T; Rev. 
A. G. Bastings, from January 27. 1895. until 

Augusi \'!i. 1903; Rev. J. A. Speer has been pas- 
tor since June 17, 190 I. 

All the former pastors and members were in- 
vited to return ami join in the celebration of the 
semi-centennial anniversary of the organization ot 
the congregation. All the pastors were present ex- 
cept Rev. W. T. Moffett, I). D., who had removed 
io a distant field of labor in Kansas. 

Rev. Alexander Gilchrist, D. D., a son of the 
congregation, was present and gave an address. 
A paper was read by Rev. A. (.. Hastings. gi\in<; a 
hi-ton of the "congregation and review of its 
growth from the time of its organization. Mem- 
bership at that time was two hundred and twenty- 
five. The closing exercises were in charge of the 
Young IVoph/- Society. Rev. Jesse Johnson of 
Muskingum College, Ohio, gave the address of the 

evening. Sons of tl ngregation who entered 

the ministry are: Rev. William J. McAllister, 
Rev. s. j. Stewart, Rev. Russel Graham, D. D., 
Rev. John Mahaffey, Rev. Jesse Beitel, Rev. Ar- 
i bii Graham, Rev. Andrew- Randh s. 


Squaw Grove jvas the first settled township in 
De Kalh county. Much of the storj of this town- 
ship has been told in the history of the county, 
so matters pertaining to its early settlement are 
found in the chapter "Early Settlement-" in the 
lore part of this work. We have also noted in 
that chapter Mr. Hollenbeek, who lived near Ot- 
tawa, came as far north as what is now the town 
of Sycamore and laid a claim to Squaw Grove, a 
part of which remains west of the presenl village 
of Hinckley. This was the Bret claim laid in the 
county and it is now thi Oscar Tanner farm. It 
was through the representations of .Mr. Hollen- 
beek that the Sebrees, a family of Virginia origin, 
came here to look over the country and settled. 
The Sebrees. upon arriving at Squaw Grove, which' 
had been given that name by Mr. Hollenbeek. 
found unoccupied wigwams and occupied them 
until a log house could be built. The wife of 
John Sebree. the first settler, was left during the 
winter of 1834-5 alone with her young children 
while he went to his eastern home to secure teams. 
wagons and apparatus necessary for the improve- 
ment of their new home. The home of Wm. Se- 
bree was the birthplace of Martha, the first white 

past and present of de kalb county. 


child bom in De Kalb county. She married Mr. 
J. Jackson. Her death occurred in 1907. At this 
time the nearest neighbor of Mrs. Sebree lived 
at Millington, seventeen miles away. The new- 
comers lived in the most primitive manner. Most 
of them had cattle, horses and swine. The Se- 
hrees rejoiced in a pair of hand millstones, with 
which the settlement all ground their corn. They 
made clothing from the wool of the sheep. For 
three years the only plow of the place was owned 
by Sebree and was made with a wooden mold 
board. The work of the prairie consisted in sow- 
ing oats and planting sod corn, and in the fall of 

1836 Samuel Miller went with four yoke of cattle. 
carrying thirty bushels of oats to Chicago. These 
he sold for fifty cents a bushel, returning with 
salt and boots enough for the men of the settle- 
ment. The nearest neighbor on the north was 
on the banks of the Kishwaukee and in 1835 these 
people from Squaw Grove went to the home of 
William A. and Ilarinan Miller and helped the 
former raise his log cabin. The first tax paid in 

1837 in this town was by Samuel Miller, who 
paid sixty-two and a half cents. The first death 
in this community was the energetic and indus- 
trious mother of John Sebree. The first school 
was taught in Jacob Lee's house by a lady named 
Jane Sanford, in the summer of 1840, and M. P. 
Cleveland succeeded her the following winter. 
This has been a matter of dispute as to who 
taught the first term of school, Mr. Cleveland or 
Miss Sanford. but all agree that it was taught in 
1840 in Mr. Jacob Lee's house. Squaw Grove was 
the first to sell her sixteenth section of land for 
school purposes. Two years later a log school- 
house was built in the grove and Mr. Alby, now 
deceased, made the window frames for the same. 
The first school money was drawn by Mr. Cleve- 
land out of the public funds, while the first wages 
paid were by private subscription and the first 
school was known as the subscription school. The 
house occupied by John Sebree and the first per- 
manent home in the county was located a few rods 

west of the horn icupied by his son. W. Marsh 

Sebree until the last two or three years. 

Those who followed Mr. Sebree and Samuel 
Miller were William Leggett, M. P. Cleveland, 
Watson Y. Pomeroy, John Boardman and Jacob 
Lee. Mr. Cleveland located at Pappoose Grove, 
the present site of the village of Hinckley. John 

Eastabrook was a native of Pennsylvania. He lo- 
cated on the north side of Squaw Grove in the 
home later occupied by Mr. Tanner, where he re- 
mained until Ins death in 1850. Ee was accom- 
panied to this state by his son Decatur and his 
daughter Mary. His wife and the remainder of 
the family came the following year. Decatur 
Eastabrook removed to Carroll county, where he 
still resides. When Mr. Eastabrook came to the 
county he brought with him two large, powerful 
dogs. When the men were away from the house 
the dogs would allow no one, especially the In- 
dians, to come near the house unless called off by 
Miss Eastabrook. 

Samuel Miller and John Sebree spent the re- 
mainder of their lives on land which they took 
up from the government. Mr. Pomeroy subse- 
quently became a Methodist preacher and until 
a few years ago was active in the service in Illi- 

W. A. Pay located on section 29 in the Somo- 
nauk tin. I.e.-, a part of which extends to this 
township. All the settlers of 1835 have passed 
away except W. Marsh Sebree. who still resides at 
Hinckley, and is hale and hearty. When Marsh 
Sebree came to Squaw Grove he was less than two 
years old and consequently is the oldest living 
settler who has resided continuously in the county. 
His father, John Sebree, died in 18:3. In his 
early life he had spent some years in teaming 
ami in floating on the Mississippi river. In the 
fall of 1834 he started from his home in Indiana 
with his wife and one child, making the journey 
to De Kalb county with a team and one cow. On 
his way he worked for a time near Bloomington, 
picking corn on shares, which served him well 
when he reached his pioneer home. Their first 
shanty in Squaw Grove had a fire place built of 
sticks and mud and the floor was covered with 
hay. This caught fire on one occasion, but did 
no damage save the fear of utter ruin to the 
establishment. He built a log house later, which 
was quite substantial. He cut the first hay crop 
in the county. After he had established himself 
he left his wife and one child and proceeded to 
Bloomington to bring the corn he had earned on 
his way here. During this time Mrs. Sebree 
lived on cornbread, the meal of which was made 
by hand. They lived in this house for twelve years 



and kepi a sorl of hotel, as there was no other 
place for prospectors and land-lookers to obtain 
lodging. Frequently the floor of the little log 
house was covered with the sleeping forms of tired 

The first physician to permanently locate in 
the township was Dr. Winslow, who located about 
two miles from the presenl village of Hinckley. 
Around Hie home of John Seiner and a little to 
tin- north had sprung up quite a village. A school- 
house had bei u l mill; and the attendance was as 
large as that of any other district school id' tlni 
county. A Methodist church had been erei ted, 
which was moved to Hinckle] in is;:;, when the 
( '.. B. a Q. road passed through this county, mak- 
ing the villages of Hinckley, Waterman and Shab- 

i a possible. For years Mr. Frank Merrill and 

11. P. Wagner were merchants in the old village 
of Squaw Grove, notwithstanding the inconven- 
ience "i securing their goods, which in earl] 
were mainly hauled by team- Prom Chicago ami 
later from Aurora and Somonauk. This town in 
the '50s began to be settled by a number of Ger- 
mans. Among them came William Leifeiht, C. 
Eartman, James Morsch, F. Granarl and A.ugusl 
Bastian. Mosi of tie se were emigrants from Ger- 

many, « ho ca here poor and bj indust ry and 

economy have purchased manj oJ the beautiful 

li is of Squau Grove township, so that at present 

the Germans have the majority of the population 
of the town. 

In the early '90s they erected our of tie' larj 

churches in the county. The mbership of the 

Lutheran society at this town is nearly four hun- 
dred. The church is modern in everj respi et and 
has a valuable church organ, which cost over a 
thousand dollars. They have another society in 
the town of Hinckley known as the Evangelical 
church. Aside from the churches mentioned there 
is a Methodist church, which wi- erected in the 
present village about twelve years ago, and a 
Baptist and a German Methodisl church. 

Hinckle\ i- a thriving town and. being in a rich 
grain producing section, ha- a large farm trade. 
They have two large elevators, two hanks, one a 
private bank, managed bj II. I'. Wagner, and the 
other a stale bank, of which William Yon Ohlen 
is president am! .lames I'ogue cashier. From the 
rude log house built in the grove in 1838 has 
grown a large graded school containing five room-. 

There is no town in the county that has a greater 
wealth or capital than the village of Hinckley. 
The Hinckley Tile Works, which were established 
many years ago. is the leading manufacturing in- 


Congressional township 39 north, range 5 east, 
is known a- the civil township of Pierce, so named 
in honor of Franklin Pierce, who at the time of 
its organization was just inaugurated as president 
of the United States. It is hound on the east by 
Kane county, on the north by Cortland township, 
on the south b\ Squaw Grove ami on the west by 
Alton. The headwaters of the Big Rock creek 
are in this township. It is a prairie country, the 
northern half being undulating, while {lie south- 
ern half is rather flat. It has been an excellent 
wheat country in the past, and in 1870 it pro- 
duced more of that cereal than an\ other town- 
ship iii the ( ounty. 

Elder Nathan Wilcox has the honor of being 
i he firsl lo locate in what is now the township of 
Pierce. Ih' located in the north part of the town- 
ship in 1847. I luring that year John Lesher, a 
native of Pennsylvania, and Jacob E. Plapp, a 
native of Germany, came ami -elected their future 

I les. Lesher selected the southeast quarter of 

section 24. lie buill a substantia] frame house, 
lived there until is:,:;, when he sold out and re- 
newed to Iowa. He now lives in Dubuque. Plapp 
selected the northeast quarter of section 24, but 
did not pennanentlj settle until about two years 
lie died on the homestead in January, 

In 1848 Michael Welsh, a native of Ireland. 
came and entered land on section 11. improved 

farm and there lived until he died. 

Jacob Lint ner came from Lake county, Illinois, 
and located on section 25. He was born in Dau- 
phin county. Pennsylvania, in 1799. His wife 
was Frances Shaffner, also of the same county 
and state. In 1828 the} settled in Richland coun- 
tv. Ohio, where they remained until 1814. when 
they settled in Lake county, Illinois. Mr. Lintner 
died on tin- old homestead in 1850. His widow 
successfully managed the farm until her death, 
March 33. 1883. They had eight children, only 
one of whom is now a resident of the township — 
Mrs. Ferderick Hoffman. 



There were a number of arrivals in 1849, among 
whom were Henry Earner, Christian Meyer, 
George Eberly, David Gerlach, Bernard Milna- 
mow, Thomas Gormley, Malachi Henaughan, John 
Allen and Josiah Jacob. Earner was from Penn- 
sylvania. He settled on section 27 and died there. 
Meyer also settled on section 27. He now resides 
in Sandwich. Eberly was also from Pennsylvania. 
He located on section 26. He died here. His son 
George now lives on the same section. Gerlach 
chose for his home a portion of section 24. He is 
now dead, but has two sons living in the township, 
Samuel on the homestead and Anderson on section 
14. Henaughan located on section 10. He is now 
dead. Two sons survive him. who yet reside in 
the township. Milnamow, Allen and Gormley all 
yet reside in the township. All are Irishmen. 

Among other pioneers of the township were Levi 
and Moses Hill. Thomas Hallornn. 1'. lloran. P. 
Dunn, L. Hennegan. John Ferriek, the Butlers 
and Dillons. 

Pierce township has for its settlers many sturdy 
sons of "Erin," who have served their town and 
county well, many of whom have attained promi- 
nence outside of this town and county. The same 
is true of the Germans, who came here. They 
make most excellent citizens, have established pub- 
lic schools and churches, where their language is 
spoken. The Evangelical church service is now 
conducted in the English language. 

Pierce township was first included in Somonauk 
precinct, subsequently in Orange precinct, then in 
Eichland. Until 1853 the north half was at- 
tached to Squaw Grove, and the south half to 
Cortland township. In that year it was organized 
as a civil township. 

The first school in the township was taught by 
William J. Bates, in 1S50, on section 8. The 
schoolhouse was made of split poles. Mr. Bates 
taught twenty-one terms in that district. In re- 
lation to the present status of the public schools 
of the township, the following items are gleaned 
from the report of the county superintendent of 
public schools for the year ending June 30, 1884: 
There were four hundred and sixty persons in 
the township under twenty-one years of ase, of 
whom two hundred and ninety-six were over six. 
Of this number two hundred and seventy-two 
were enrolled in the public schools. There were 
eight districts, each having a frame schoolhouse, 

the total value of which was estimated at six 
thousand, two hundred and fifty dollars. Each 
district bad school over one hundred and ten days 
during the year, in which twenty-four teachers 
were employed, receiving an average monthly sal- 
ary of thirty-four dollars anil forty-three cents, 
the highest being forty-live dollars and the low- 
est twenty-live dollars. The tax levy was two 
thousand, two hundred and twenty dollars. 

Elder Wilcox was probably the first to preach 
Christ and Him crucified in the township. There 
were in 188.5 two church organizations — the Evan- 
gelical Association and the Lutherans. 

The first meetings of those holding the view« of 
the Evangelical Association were held at the 
house of John Lesher. about 1849, near the county 
line. The people of Kane and De Kalb counties 
met together to worship in private houses on both 
sides of the line for some years. Eevs. Hall. 
Eockuts and Weldy were the first preachers. John 
Shoop was the first class leader and Jacob Lint- 
ner exhorter. Among the first members were 
David Gerlach and wife ; Benjamin Moss and wife ; 
John Shoop and wife ; George Eberly and wife ; 
Jacob Lintner and wife; John Kuter and wife; 
J. F. Plapp and wife; John Bartmeis and wife; 
John Schwitzer and wife: Valentine Hummel and 
wife; Christopher Hummel and wife; John Lesher 
and Peter Hummel. About 1850 a church build- 
ing was erected on the southwest quarter of section 
■.'I. H was replaced in the early '90s by one of 
the most spacious and beautiful churches now in 
the country districts of our county. The first 
church was dedicated by Bishop Esher of Chicago. 
The society owns a parsonage conveniently located 
near the church. There are now one hundred and 
fifty members connected with the society. Peter 
Hummel, Jacob Kunes and Oscar Ramer are the 
classleaders : Andrew Gerlach. Thomas Shoop. Fred 
Lontz and George Schule, stewards: Peter Hum- 
mel, Fred Lentz. George Earner, George Schule 
and J. Kuter. trustees. Eev. Jacob K. Sehultz 
is the present pastor. Services are held in Ger- 
man and English. A Sabbath school is connected 
with the church. 

The first meetings of the Lutheran church were 
held at tin 1 schoolhouse in district No. 2. in 1870, 
and were conducted by Eev. John Andreas, from 
Somonauk. An organization was effected, em- 
bracing the families of Henrv Rath Peter Conse, 



Charles Dellenbach, Joseph Dellenbach, Detnst. 
George Motz, Frank Redelperger. August (on-.. 
Henry Schmidt, Henry Anspaeh, Eartman Schule 
and William Nehring. The society met for wor- 
ship in the scl Ihouse until 1872, when a neat 

frame church building was erected on the north- 
east quarter of section 33, which, together with 
the furniture eosl two thousand, four hundred dol- 
lar-. There are now twenty families belonging to 
the society. 

Piereeville postoffice was established in 1854, 
with Moses Hill as postmaster. His commission 
was dated Pebruar} 21, 1854. The office was at 
his house, which was on the route from Sycamore 
to Cortland. .Mail was received from each direc- 
tion twice a week. In 1851 Mr. 1 1 1 11 resigned, 
after which time various persons held the office 
until 1879, when Mr. Hill was reappointed. Ee 
served until George Schule was appointed and the 
offic was discontinued in 1892. 

The first birth in the township was that of a 
child of John Lesher, m 1849. The second birth 
was that of Man Jane Meyer, daughter of Chris- 
tian Meyer, born October 6, 1850. She is now 
the wife of Valentino Hummel. 

The lii-t death was thai of Jacob Lintner. He 
was first buried on his farm, but his remains were 
subsequently removed and interred in the ceme- 

ter\ <d the Evangelical Association. 

One hundred men were furnished by the town- 
ship to aid in the war of the rebellion and eleven 
thousand dollars was ra 

The supervisors of Pierce township were: H. 
S. Champlin, C. M. Eumiston, R. Milnamow, S. 
Denton. T. Gormley, V C. Cottrell, G. W. Slater. 
('. M. Humiston, P. W. Gallagher, John Walsh. 
3ST. B. Sheldon, Charles A. Eubbard, James D. 
Gormley, A. G. Smith and J. D. Gormley, 1886- 

One of the places of interest in Pierce township 
i- the Grove known as Grimm's woods. Ithasbeen 
the scenes of many picnic parties and for a period 
of sixteen years the school- of the township have 
formed a Picnic Association and hold their an- 
nual picnics at this place regularly. Miss Nellie 
Davidson, who taughl school in this township for 
mam pears, organized the above a>sociation. 

Pierce is the only township of De Kalb county 
that remains democratic, and but one during her 
whole history has she givi n a republican majority 

for a presidential candidate. The only log house 
remaining in the township is on Mrs. Rhoda Wil- 
son's farm, and it has been in constant use until 

the last year or two. 




The settlemeni of this township dates hack to 
1835, when George Gandy, Isaac Gandy, David 

W 1, Henry Smith. Akin Dayton. Ralph Wy- 

man, John Champlin. Peter Young, Elias Hart- 
man. Russell Crossett, Hale Perry. John, James' 
and Perry Elliott, the Springs, Norcutts, Kites, 
Lowries and Osg I- settled near the Ohio grove. 

These Earmers all coming from Ohio, gave the 
grove its name. Of those old settlers only one is 
now living, John Elliott, who lives in Ohio. Rus- 
sell Crossetl was the first person who was buried 
in Ohio Grove cemetery. In the year 1837 Mr. 
Eenry II. Gandy tame to join them, walking all 
the way from Ohio, to the home of Mr. Elliott in 
Ohio Grove. On his way into Michigan City. In- 
diana, he found three dollars and bought him a 

pair of I ts, the firsi he ever had, and wore them 

to finish bis journey. Liking the country, he sent 
for his wife. Mrs. Lucinda Gandy, who came here 
in the fall of is:;; with a brother of Mr. Gaudy's. 
driving a four ox team and leading one horse. 
She is now living at the advanced age of ninety- 
two years. She is the oldest settler now living in 
•he town-hip of Cortland, and without a doubt, 
he Kalb county, ami her son. Francis M. Gandy. 
who was born .June -y, . 1845, is the oldest settler 
living in the township, who was born here. They 
buill a log house and made their chairs and tables 
from the trees. This farm, where Mrs. H. H. 
Gandy still resides, and the farm of Mrs. George 
M. Kenyon, are the only farms in the town-hip 
that has not changed hands. 

The early settlers knew something of the hard- 
ships of the old times, having to make their rude 
implements to start farming. The plow was all 
of wood except a cast iron point: the drags were 
made of trees, with wooden pointed teeth in them. 
These, together with a cradle and scythe, were the 
only implements. Zenos Churchill, one of the 
pioneers, devoted his time to making the wooden 
plows. The log houses in Ohio Grove and the 



one built by the Roberts brothers in 1845, at Lost 
Grove, were about the only houses in the township 
at that time. These early settlers bad to haul 
their wheat to Elgin to be made into flour. Their 
only means of marking the corn ground was by 
driving an ox, dragging a log chain across the 
field, later using a single shovel plow, then a corn 
marker, then our present check rower. II. II. 
Gandy hauled the lumber from Chicago to build 
his first barn, fifty years ago, which is yet in con- 
stant use. 

Those were days of hardship to the pioneer wife, 
she having to pick the wool and make it into 
woolen clothes for the family, spinning and weav- 
ing the flax to make linen cloth, bleaching the rye 
to make bonnets and hats — indeed, all their clothes 
were home made, even to their shoes. Mrs. H. H. 
Gaudy, who has lived in this township sixty-one 
years, well remembers the Indian camp not more 
than a mile from their home, and she tells that 
when Mr. Elliott came here in 1835 he often saw 
the Indian papoose in a box, nailed to a tree, this 
being their way of burial. 

In those days there was no observance of 
Thanksgiving day and but few Christmas gather- 
ings, their holiday gatherings being wool picking 
bees, quilting bees and corn husking bees. If any 
one was able to hire, the wages were from twenty- 
five to fifty cents per day. The only difference in 
money was, they used the silver sixpence and silver 
shilling. A good cow could be bought for ten 
dollars. Sixty-three years ago hogs were unknown 
in this township, Mr. Peter Young owning the first 
hog, and he did not have corn to fatten it, so he 
Id Mr. George Gandy fatten it on shares. Only a 
few horses were in the township then. A few of 
the pioneers brought two or three with them, but 
used oxen almost entirely for farming. 

Dwight Crossett, the school teacher and farmer, 
took up his abode in Cortland in early days, and 
as his recollections of forty years of residence are 
indicative of what has transpired there in the last 
half century, we give to our readers the pictures 
as worded from the gallery of his memory. He 
says: I arrived in Cortland township in Octo- 
ber, 1851, finding ii possessed by the Churchills, 
Cheasbros, Elliotts, Daytons, Springs, Joslyns, 
Lovells, Kenyons, Meekers, Gandys, Goulds. Reeds, 
Clarks, Youngs, Palmers. Smiths, McAlpins, 
Wards. Hopkins. Burrs, Arnolds, Crossetts. Cham- 

plins, Dows, Mattesons, Holdridges and others that 
T do not just call to mind. They were enjoying a 
veritable boom. They had gone through the long 
period of hauling their wheat to Chicago, some of 
them for twenty years or more, and getting home 
from their marketing with very little money, but 
now their tribulation was happily ended. 

They had a market at their door, the railroad 
being built to Roehelle, and on account of the Cri- 
mean war wheat was worth a dollai and a half per 
bushel, and they could raise good crops of wheat. 
Land had quadrupled in value during the preced- 
ing year, money was plenty and good, everybody 
had dried "applesass" for breakfast, sugar in their 
tea, and they were the best feeling people on the 
face of the earth. 

There were six schoolhouses in the township, the 
same little church near Ohio Grove that now 
stands, Cortland village being then in embryo, 
there being a small railroad, freight and office 
building there, a small, dashboard front store, in 
which Hod Champlin had a stock of general mer- 
chandise, with J. H. Rogers, the Sycamore vefc- 
eran merchant, as general manager, and three or 
lour other small buildings. 

By the fall of 1856 Cortland had grown to be 
the best business point between Chicago and Ro- 
ehelle. Two hotels had all they could attend to ; 
there were five warehouses for handling grain, 
two large lumber yards that sold all the lumber 
consumed in five or six townships, Sycamore in- 
cluded. It was in fact a lively business town. The 
leading firms at that time were Champlin & Wal- 
rod, grain ; Walrod & Boynton, general merchan- 
dise: Smith & Brown, general merchandise; A. L. 
Lovell did a very large lumber business; Tucker, 
boots and shoes; Woodly, shoe shop; T. Ricker, 
shoe making, with wagon and blacksmithing shops. 
The town also was headquarters for many carpen- 
ters and masons, Joe Adams, John Harkness, Abe 
Head, Harvey Jones, Adam Mather and many 
other carpenters lived here, while Parke Brothers 
were the chief masons. 

The Ohio Grove church was then, as it has ever 
been, the central place for a large part of the peo- 
ple of the township to congregate. They had re- 
vival meetings there every winter, and it was dur- 
ing one of these meetings that the modern idea of 
worship was put forth — at least it is where I first 
heard it. Several srood brothers and sisters had 



tearfully told their experiences, and the young 
preachers in embryo had vied with each other in 
their speeches, when old Uncle John L. Cheasbro, 
the father of all the Cheasbros, arose in his place. 
He was a very large and wonderfully clean man, 
and was now dressed in a fine new suit of broad- 
cloth, had just finished a nice new house: in fact, 
hail jumped in two years from a pinched condition 
to affluence, and this was his speech: "I prom- 
ised the Lord a good many years ago that when 1 
got able I'd serve Him.*' The gist of the remain- 
der of the speech was. he felt the time had arrived 
and he stood ready and intended to carry out his 
part of the contract. 

Champlin's Hall, built in the summer of L856, 
witnessed many memorable scenes. When it was 
finished it was dedicated with a 'lance, and what 
a company! "Hod," as everybody called him. was 
the leading citizen, McCormick's general agent for 
a large territory, an all-round hustler, political 
boss, a good promiser, very hospitable, ami had lots 
of friends all over the country, particularly in 
Sycamore, and they were all at his dedication 
dance. J. S. ami .1. c. Waterman, ( '. 0. and .T. H. 
Boynton, General Winters, Dr. Bryan, two or 
three Ellwonds. Harm Paine and almost all Syca- 
more who danced were there. There were enough 
brains and beauty at thai dance 1o creditably 
grace the inauguration of the governor of the 
3tate. It was no dignified walk around. Gid Wal- 
entt fiddled and the company danced. The only 
thing I have seen in thirty years thai compared 
with that dance was .lush Whitcomb's cotillion 
party in the "Old Homestead." 

There was no daily paper then. The Chicago 
Democrat once a week and the De Kalb County 
Sentinel comprised the literarj outfil of most 
houses, but religious discussion was rampant in 
e\er\ -hoc shop, store, and on the street. People 
weri long on doctrine in those days and had de- 
cided opinions on the question of universal salva- 
tion and everlasting damnation. The tension 
finally go1 so high thai an arrangemenl was made 
to have an exhaustive discussion of the whole sub- 
ject in Champlin's Hall h\ the leading champions 
of the two ;ides in this section of the country. 
The 1'niversalists summoned Elder Sanborn, a 
Sycamore preacher, to uphold salvation. Eldred 
Coltrin, a powerful Freewill Baptisl preacher from 
Blackberry, was chosen to refute the arguments of 

this adroit and plausible emissary of Salan. The 
school, which was held in the hall with a daily at- 
tendance of seventy-five pupils was dismissed, a 
timekeeper and referee were agreed upon and the 
champions, each finally idolized by their support- 
ers, went at it. Hod Champlin, old Uncle John 
Waterman, old Uncle Phin Joslyn, Nathan Peck 
and others giving aid and comfort to Sanborn; 
Deacon A. V. L. Smith, Dave Champlin. John 
Eaton, Edwin Burr and a score of others standing 
grim and determined by the heavy Baptist; nor 
did they lack for an audience. The hall was filled 
to suffocation morning, afternoon and evening for 
the larger pan of a week, many coming ten or 
twelve miles, and still these champions kepi hurl- 
in- text and argument, hour and hour about, the 
audience excited to a high pitch throughout. Both 
sides won. and it could have been proven at any 
time twenty-five years after the discussion took 
place. I doubl if such a discussion was adver- 
tised for a month now whether if would be at- 
tended l>, a -con- of people. 

Iii the summer of 1859 or 1860 a mass meeting 
was called to assemble in this old hall to give ex- 
pression to the deep indignation felt by the eom- 
miinin over the border ruffian outrages in Kansas. 
Dr. Dustin, D. B. James, General Winters, Chaun- 
re\ Ellwood and pretty much every Sycamore ora- 
tor vied with each other in denunciation, when the 
chairman called Dave Champlin, a freshly or- 
dained freewill Baptisl preacher of Cortland. He 
was a man with a swinging style of gail and ora- 
tory, he saw his opportunity to discounl the Sy&a- 

i talenl and embraced ii : he commenced his 

speech h\ saying in the most solemn and impress- 
ive manner: "Mr. chairman. 1 feel that this is 
a time when every prayiif man oughter pray (then 
raising his arm above his head and bringing n 
tlow n w ith all the emphasis possible), and evo.^ 
swearin' man oughter swear." This was a cul- 
mination 1 1 'a i broughl down the house in thunder- 
ous style, ami 1 venture to saj was the only thing 
uttered at the meeting that has gone into history. 

One re "1,1 ball scene and we will consign the 

old room that was such an important part of 
Cortland to a receptacle of trumpery. In the 
summer of 1861 John (lark, an educate! man, 
born in England, who had been railroad station 
agent ami afterward bookkeeper for Champlin & 
Walrod, the father of Mrs. A. I,. Smith, after mak- 



ing a short speech in favor of unholding the gov- 
ernment, stepped to the table and signed his name 
to the volunteer list, the first man in the township 
to perform the patriotic act. Anson Smith, Smith 
Courtwright, Theodore Loiing, Ransom Burleigh 
and two or three others soon followed, all going 
into the Thirteenth Regiment. 

In the fall of 1862 I was sought out by the poli- 
ticians of the count)', made a candidate and elected 
by the people to the office of superintendent of 
schools, a Douglas democrat being considered very 
nearly as good as a republican. The managers 
wanted to make a union ticket, and after a great 
deal of search to find a school master who was a 
democrat, Hod Champlin happened to think of 
me, and I was elected solely because I was a dem- 
ocrat, and I remember of no democrat who lias 
been eligible to county office since. I received the 
records and papers from my predecessor, Nathan 
Greenwood, in a shoe box, which I took home and I 
think installed under the bed, room being scant 
inside my house. I will frankly say, if that office 
had been destroyed by fire at any time while in 
my possession I don't believe the educational 
standard would have been lowered more than one 
inch, while if a conflagration should consume the 
office now, after being elevated so many times, it 
would be like taking the educational bowels right 
out of the county. 

But when one ridicules the schools of 1862 in 
De Kail) county they are making a great mistake. 
They were full of pupils, full of life and energy, 
taught by manly men and womanly women, capa- 
ble and having the disposition to do good work. 
McGibeny and wife of Paw Paw, Gilbert Hough 
and Elizabeth Bark of Somonauk, the Dunbar 
girls of Afton, Hicks brothers of Kingston, Ed 
Safford, J. T. Becker, Mrs. .J. T. Becker. Eph- 
raim Shurtliff, Susan Harrington, Ed and Charles 
Waite, [saac Jones. E. L. Mayo, the doctor. John 
Pratt, the attorney — these were among and a fan- 
sample of the teachers who had charge of the 
schools at that time. 

The most unique and picturesque character in 
the township was my nearest neighbor, Rudolphus 
Burr. He came from the state of New York along 
in the forties, was a man of good academic edu- 
cation, a very independent thinker, who associ- 
ated little with his neighbors, thoroughly honest 
in w r ord and action, and lived mostly on horseback. 

Along in the sixties he sent in his hid for carrying 
the mail from Cortland to Sandwich, three round 
trips a week ; he got the contract easily, as his bid 
was very low, and when he got rigged up for his 
enterprise the turnout was worth seeing. He had 
a brace of little yew-necked bay horses, an old 
democrat spring wagon with a home made cover, 
an overcoat made out of the hide of a brindle 
steer that had not been tanned, which made a fine 
contrast to his long white beard; but the mail had 
to go through storm and blizzard, and if, during 
the four years of his contract, it failed, it was 
after a heroic attempt to get through. He used 
to go to Cortland the night before the trip and 
get the mail bag, and leave Ins horses harnessed 
for an early start the next morning. One morn- 
ing I heard him calling long before my time of 
getting up. and on asking him what the matter 
was he said his horse was in the well. I hurried 
to his barn and found one of his horses with the 
harness on in the bottom of the seventeen foot well. 
The old man could not wait to see the horse out of 
the well, but harnessed another horse and took the 
mail, leaving the neighbors to get the horse out. if 
they could. That was the kind of service the good 
people of Piercevile. Squaw Grove and Freeland 
Corners got from government, contractors then. 
The old man used to take his dinner with him and 
always took a bottle of smartweed tea to wash 
down the lunch, ami he thoroughly believed the 
smartwood tea preserved him. Honest, old man! 
Just think of a government contractor drinking 
smartwood tea as a beverage ! One grandson, Wil- 
bur P. Raymond, inherited his genius for the mail 
service, and is a very proficient mail clerk on the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway. Pie is now 
handling letters on the road between Caledonia 
and Spring Valley. 

What of the main business of the people — farm- 
ing—from 1854 to 1809? From 1854 to toward 
1870 the system was raising grain and selling it 
at the railroad station ; prices fell in 1856, a money 
panic in 1857 made them go still lower: still, on 
the "hole, lots of money came into the hands of 
the farmers. What became of it? It is safe to 
say that not five per cent of it is in sight today, 
for after paying what Mr. Altgeld calls the fixed 
charges it was mostly spent in pine boards to make 
the buildings, which were then considered comfort- 
able, but have since been discarded or turned to 



inferior uses, in board fences long since broken 
up ami decayed, in frail and ornamental trees 
and expensive farm machinery, which was not 
taken care of. Looking back from this date the 
whole svstem of farming and homemaking seems 
to have been one great waste. Cattle and horse- 
raising, swine growing and dairying, have all had 
a g 1 share of attention since 1870, till the busi- 
ness of the township bas been for the past fifteen 
years, and new is, principally dairying and hog 
raising, the milk largely being made into butter 
at'Delana's factories, the balance being shipped to 
( Ihicago. 

(hit of all the years - (thing has evolved. Vet 

small children bave grown into teachers, preach- 
ers, members of congress, railroad managers, prom- 
inent business men and g I citizens, filling places 

of trust and responsibility in this and other states. 
The record in this respect has been good. Daniel 

Boynton, win rer wenl to school anywhere but 

in Cortland, wenl to Chicago as an errand boy in 
the office of a fast freight line, and was general 
manager id' the Wisconsin Central Railway when 
he died ten years ago. Everybody knows the ca- 
reer id' A. .1. Hopkins. He was polished off a 
very little at a kind of bran bread institution over 
in Michigan, which may accounl for his vagaries, 
but hi- sterling qualities were absorbed from the 
soil of Cortland. Will McAlpin, quite a fellow in 
his line, a natural mathematician, was born, nour- 
ished and matured here. Professor A. X. Talbot 
of the Slab' University is a sprout of the soil. 
Carlin Joslyn of Deer Lodge, Montana, a very 
successful business man. and bis brother, a lawyer 
of Minneapolis ; Clarence Burdick, long and. popu- 
lar passenger conductor on the Alton railroad; Dr. 
Postle, of Hincklej ; Professor Lewis and Lawyer 
Rogers, of Sycamore; Lawyer Julius Matteson, of 
De Kail i. were all born and schooled in Cortland, 
besides the -cure- of boys in the commoner walks 
of life, who are a credit to their town. 

A few more facts of interesl concerning Cort- 
land's history before we close. The fr-t log school- 
house in the township «a> in the Ohio Grove, with 
Harrv Joslyn as teacher, be receiving about twelve 
dollars per month and boarding around the dis- 
trict. Mr. Joslyn is now living in Sycamore. 

The first postoffice in the township was estab- 
lished in the Ohio Grove in the year 1841. Mr. 
Samuel Spring being postmaster, receiving two 

dollars and twenty-two cents that year. In 1847 
Homer Roberts became postmaster, receiving seven 
dollars ami eleven cents. In 1849 he received 
fourteen dollars and fifty-nine cents, and in 1851 
seventeen dollars and nine cents. In this same 
year another postoffice was established, called Lost 
Grove postoffice, on Luce"s corner-, with Chauncey 
Luce as postmaster, receiving twenty dollars and 
seventeen cents. This postoffice was continued un- 
til 1855, when Cortland station had its first post- 
otlice. paying thirty-seven dollars and fifty cents. 

Tin' village settlement was not begun until 1853, 
wln-n tin: Chicago A Northwestern Railroad was 
built through tins part of the county. It was 
then called the Dixon Air Line. Prior to the 
opening of this road the name of the township 
was Richland, then Pampas, and in the year 1868 
tin' legislature changed the name of the township 
from Pampas to correspond with that of the 
town, namely, to Cortland. 

.Air. Marcenus Hall erected the first house, using 
it as a boarding house. It still remains, being 
now the Haley and Murphy houses. Mr. Horace 
( liamplin built a warehouse, standing when' our 
feed mill now stands. Business was exceedingly 
good now that the railroad was built, and there 
were sixteen grain buyers at one time in Cort- 
land. Farmers from Belvidere and Shabbona 
Grove hauled their grain here, thinking this a 
great advantage, for before this their market place 
i .i- ( ln< ago. An amusing incident is told by one 
old farmer, who, coming into Cortland with a 
load of grain, found that at least forty loads were 
in line, waiting their turn to unload. He saw 
one farmer, in haste to unload, pull out from 
the middle of the line and drive directly to the 
warehouse. This was all done quietly, and two 
of the men jumped from the front wagons, and 
just as quietly turned his horses around, and soon 
he was at the foot of the line. 

It was in one room in this warehouse that the 
firsl school in the village was kept, with Helen 
I rossett and Fanny Thrasher a- teachers. Soon 
a log schoolhouse was built near the south cor- 
poration line. Soon after this a frame one was 
built on the north side of town, where Mrs. John 
YVnodley's house now stand-. That same building 
is now Mr. T. W. Jordan's general merchandise 



store. Church services were held in the old log 
schoolhouse until June. 1864, when our present 
Methodist church was completed. Our graded 
school building was built in the year 1868. The 
log schoolhouse does service now as a barn on what 
was known as Mr. De Witt Joslyn*s farm. 

A hotel was built by Mr. Ludwigson and man- 
aged by the Raymond brothers. A brewery was 
built, as were also several general merchandise 
stores, Horace Champlin and James Waterman 
being the pioneers in this trade in 1854. 

When the Sycamore and Cortland road was com- 
pleted all travel from the northern portions of the 
county went to the county seat. This was built 
in 1861. At first it was only a car drawn by 
horses, but it is now a line four-mile railroad in 
good condition. Soon after this a large flouring 
mill was built by Lovell. Smith & Croof, the town 
giving a bonus of two thousand dollars. The first 
justice of the peace was Mr. Amos Brown, now a 
resident of De Kalb. The first person buried in 
the Cortland cemetery was Mrs. Cynthia Bates, 
mother of Mr. William J. Bates, who was 
one of the early settlers of Cortland, re- 
siding here over fifty years. Mrs. Gershom Hold- 
ridge and Mrs. Wayne Holdridge have lived in 
Cortland over fifty years. At that time not a 
house was in the township of Pierce. 

The record of Cortland in the war for the union 
is honorable in the extreme, one hundred and 
thirty-four having enlisted from the township, 
and sixteen of that number laid down their lives 
for their country: Ruthven Russell, Alonzo Rus- 
sell, Eoliert Close, W. Stark, Charles Plapper, 
Spafford Deford. John Young, Charles F. Ban- 
nister, Charles V. Peek, Oliver Wilson, Emor] 
Marshall, George H. Gould, T. D. Packard, W. H. 
Rose and Morris E. Wilson. The township raised 
twelve thousand, one hundred and three dollars 
for war purposes. 

The early days of the town were the most pros- 
perous, for its proximity to Sycamore and De 
Kalb. the county seat and factory center, impeded 
its progress, and Cortland today is much the same 
as it was twenty years ago. The trades are repre- 
sented by one butcher shop, one creamery receiving 
seven thousand pounds of milk a day, two black- 
smith shops, one shoe shop, one barber shop, a 
feed mill, two general merchandise stores, coal 

and lumberyards and three restaurants. Two 
churches, one Methodist and one of the Latter 
Day Saints, grace the town. It has a fine public 
school building of three rooms and for several 
years W. W. Coultas has been the efficient prin- 
cipal. The village has encouraging prospects of 
being a station on the proposed Geneva Lake, Syca- 
more & Southern Electric railway. It has a popu- 
lation of four hundred inhabitants. 

Cortland's early days were her best days, but 
no better people lived then than now, and the little 
town of four hundred inhabitants contains many 
congenial people, whose quiet and uneventful way 
of living brings more enjoyment than is the lot 
of those in more hustling places. 

A small stable covered with slough grass, with 
the tilled fields in all shapes, following the dry 
ground, looking as though the fanner was trying 
to draw a map with his plow — this prospect has 
been transformed into square corn fields flanked 
with square fields of clover and grass and adorned 
with substantial houses and bams, the houses lit- 
erally filled with newspapers and other litera- 
ture. Instead of discussing universal salvation 
and everlasting damnation, it's "what shall be 
done with the Philippine islands?"' The change 
in Cortland township is truly wonderful. 

Supervisors from Cortland township: David F. 
Finley, 1850-52: Austin Hayden. 1853; David F. 
Finley, 1854; Horace S. Champlin. 1855-8; Alon- 
zo L. Lovell, 1S59-61 ;P. S. Coolidge, 1862; Jacob 
R. Crossett, 1863-65; Edwin Gilson, 1866; John 
Wright, 1867-8; A. Y. L. Smith, 1871-2; Dwight 
Crossett, 1873-4: William Raymond, 1875-;;: 
Dwight Crossett, 1878-81; Theodore Balis, 1882-9; 
Thomas Holland, 1889-1902; Byron Williams, 
1902-06 ; John Francisco, 1907. 

The village of Cortland was incorporated in 
1866. The president of the board of trustees, by 
virtue of his office, is also a member of the board 
of supervisors. Those who have served are the 
following : T. T. Peck, John King. B. McGough. 
Jabez Gwinup, John King, Nathan Peek, John T. 
Woodley, George W. Savery. John T. Woodley. 
John King, William Bates and Thomas Jordan. 
This township was first called Richmond. It was 
changed to Pampas by J. E. Crossett, an early 
county school commissioner, from the resemblance 
of its prairies to the pampas of South America. 




The story of the township in which the county 
-i-;ii is located is generally in a large measure the 
history of the county. Sycamore was not settled 
first, but probably third. Squaw Grove and Somo- 
nauk settlements preceding it by a few claims. 
The first settler of Sycamore township was prob- 
ably Lysander Darling. lie located on the farm 
now owned by Charles Davy on the Genoa and 
Sycamore road. Another early settler here was a 
Mr. Charters, a frontiersman, who located in the 
grove in the northeast part of the town, and from 
him the name of Charters Grove was taken. Peter 
Lamoy, a man of splendid ability, was one of those 
of a class now almosl extinct, who roamed upon 
the frontiers of civilization, and he made his home 
here for a time. The storj of Peter Lamis and 
of his selling liquor to the Indian- is given in the 
reminiscences of Jesse lv Llogg. Marshall Stark- 
settled here in 1835, and in 1836 served as one of 
the first county jurors from Kane county. Others 
who followed in the year 1835 were Jesse C. BLel- 
logg, Edward F. White. Carlos Lattin, who had 
settled temporarily in the 30utb part of the state, 
removing to De Kalh count] this year, and took 
possession of a claim, including -i side of 

the presenl siti of what is now Sycai v. He 

built the firsl house in what is now Sycamore, of 
logs, on Mam street, on the presenl site of the 
Sycamore National Bank. This was his home for 
ten years, and in 1841 he erected a brick house on 

High street, which 1 ccupied for ten years, and 

in the later "."iOs his iv- .Ion,, was a large frame 
house on the cornel oi Somonauk and High streets, 
where hi- daughter, Mrs. F. E. Stevens, now re^ 

Those who came thi nexl were Christian 

Sharer, a wealthy Ww Yorker, who in company 
with Evans Wharry, Clark White and Mark Dan- 
iels, tinder the Brm name of C. Sharer & I 
pany, claimed two square miles of land, running 
from Marshall Stark's land on the north to the 
south line of the tow oship. At this time the town- 
ship had no1 been laid oul nor the county surveyed, 
but tlie\ struck out the sup] osed lines w il 
teams and plow. This company dammed the Kish- 
waukee river, built a mill, enclose:! with a highj 
heavy rail fence a trad - wide and two 

miles long, whose wesl line was on what is now 

Somonauk street, and prepared to build a town. 
This was in the days of inflated paper currency 
and ' ■boomed towns" were laid out in every part of 
the Mississippi valley. The old town nortli of the 
creek consisted oi two or three log cabins. In one 
Esquire Eli (.. Jewell kept a blacksmith and 
wagon shop and J. C. and Charles Waterman a 
store. In 1837, after the county seat contest, 
which is given in the reminiscences of Evans 
Wharry, were settled and the present court house 
site was located, the town was removed from north 
ol the river to the present site and laid out by 
Evans Wharry and .lames Waterman. The latter 
was a surveyor. An early resident of the village 
was Captain Eli Barnes, who built the first frame 
house in the town, which was known for years as 
the City Eotel and stood on the site of the Syca- 

i e Library. It was later purchased by F. B. 

Town-end and removed across the street, repaired 
and still is occupied as a hotel. The second frame 
house in the town had been removed from the 
Hamlin farm and was occupied by Dr. Barrett, the 
firsl physician of the place. It stood until 1855, 

where D. B. Ja a subsequently built a handsome 

residence, and was then burned down on suspicion 
thai it had been used for the sale of liquor. The 
old court house was built in 1839 nearly opposite 
the presenl structure and in 1840 the little village 
consisted of a dozen houses scattered over consid- 
erable land without fences and with but one well, 
t aptain Barnes' hotel was one of the best hostel- 
ries wesl of Chicago and for years was called the 

Man- Eouse. Dr. Norbro removed to St. 

Charles in I83"t and Mr. charters left about the 
same tune and at present it is not known where 
Lysander Darling located after leaving Sycamore. 
Edward White had located his claim on land now 
owned by A. F. Park and for a time that was one 
of the places of interest in the county. The first 
religious • tereises of the town were held in the 

li ■ of Mark Daniels and the Methodist society 

which was thi nucleus of the presenl Methodisl 

nization in this city was formed. The] held 

ces for years at the home of Edward White. 

who was the firsl Methodist class leader oi the 

town. The firsl log school house was built in 

183*3 on the farm afterwards owned by Dr. Ja 

! ington, and here during the summer of that 

year .Miss Mary Wood taught the first school in 

the township. 





Jesse C. Kellogg, who became prominent in 
county affairs, taught the winter term of 1837-8 
and religious exercises from this time forward 
were held in the sehoolhouse. The first child 
born in the township was Caroline White, who 
was born August 31, 1836; the first boy was Mar- 
cus Walrod, born in 1838. The first wedding was 
that of Daniel Lamb and Julia Maxfield, March 
16, 1838. and the first death that of Mrs. Lorinda 
(Wood) French. May 29, 1837. Mark Daniels 
was the first postmaster in the town, receiving his 
appointment in 1837, the salary being sixteen dol- 
lars and eighty-eight cents. 

After the organization of the county the first 
Fourth of July celebration in our history took 
place at the tine new log house of Ephraim Hall. 
At this time Mr. Hall's residence was no doubt 
one of tin' very best in the county. A picture of 
this building, which still stands, will lie found in 
this history, and an account of the celebration is 
given in the county history proper. 

Mr. Lattin was not married until 1839, so he 
and Marshall Stark kept "old bach" together. 
"Carlos'' never liked housework, and after eating 
a meal the two would try a game of old sledge to 
see who would be kitchen maid, and as Marshall 
proved the shrewdest player, poor Carlos generally 
had to wash the dishes, much to his discomfort. 
So passed the days, and in their declining years 
they loved to live them over and over again, not- 
withstanding all the privations endured, and al- 
though their last days were spent in plenty and 
amid all the luxuries of life, their happiest days 
were the struggling days of their pioneer life. 

Another old settler in the north part of the 
town was Edward Jackman, whose son Kendall 
later removed to Genoa and still lives at an ad- 
vanced old age, and is prominent in Genoa's polit- 
ical and social life. The Clark Wright farm now 
owned by F. B. Townsend was first selected as the 
proper site for a county seat, a change afterward 
being brought about by disagreement between Dr. 
Henry Madden and Evans Wharry, so that to Ev- 
ans Wharry particularly we are indebted for the 
selection of the present site of our court house. 

In 1839 Sycamore had grown to be a village of 
a dozen houses, but most of its inhabitants boarded 
in the Mansion House, a portion of which was 
also used as a store. Those who came in 1838 and 
1839, who afterwards were prominently identified 

with the interests of the town and county, were 
Joseph Sixbury, Timothy Wells, Sylvanus Hol- 
comb, Clark Wright, E. D. Robinson, E. P. Young, 
Deacon Harry Martin. 

The Walrods came to this town in 1839, but had 
settled previously at Union Grove on land which 
is now in Do Kalb township. Those who came 
and settled outside of the village were Ralph Wy- 
man, Amos Storey, Benjamin Evans and Elihu 
Wright. After locating the county seat Eli G. 
Jewell was required to sell at auction certain lands 
of the one hundred and sixty acres of land which 
had been donated to the county. Twenty lots 
were sold at from fifteen to twenty dollars, the 
size being twenty by thirty feet, and the first ses- 
sion of the court was held here in 1839. After 
the first court house was built the first school 
taught in the village by Dr. Bills in the second 
story of the court house, and it was occupied for 
several years and the first public school house was 
built here in 1853. 

The Congregational society was organized here 
in 1840 and held meetings in the court house. Mr. 
Charters built his log house on land now owned 
by Elijah Garvin. Eli G. Jewell located first on 
the farm now owned by James Divine, and the ex- 
act site of Dr. Norbo's house is now known. Other 
stores were opened here in the early '40s and Syca- 
more became quite a business center. In 1842 
Sycamore had doubled the number of houses of 
1839 and had three wells, but much sickness pre- 
vailed on account of the surface water, which many 
were compelled to drink from the shallow wells 
provided at that time. One of the pioneers who 
still lives at an advanced age remembers that dur- 
ing her first visit here nearly half of the people 
were sick from fever and ague. The life of the 
town centered around the Mansion House, and 
many social events patronized for many miles 
around occurred there. In the early '40s two 
cemeteries were laid out, one known as the Metho- 
dist cemetery on the site of the Methodist parson- 
age on Somonauk street and the other located on 
East State street. These were occupied until about 
1865, when the bodies occupying these old ceme- 
teries were taken up and removed to beautiful 
Elmwood cemetery, southeast of town. 

During the '40s the early band of pioneers were 
reinforced by the Mayos, Hosea Willard. George 
Weeden, James Harrington, J. C. Waterman, C. 0. 



Boynton, J. R. Hamlin, George Holcomb, Edwin 
P. Rose, Dr. <). M. Bryan, Dr. Page, Judge D. B. 
James and others, who put their shoulders to the 
wheel and gave new life to the little village. In 
the '50s came Daniel Pierce, General Dustm. 
George P. Wild, J. H. Rogers, Dr. \Y. W. Bryant, 
Moses Dean. James KHIum. E. V. Dutton, Lu- 
ther Lowell, E. L. Divine, Harmon Paine, Horatio 
James. The Ellwood family, Reuben ami Chaun- 
cey, came first in 1837, remaining well into the 
'in-, when they Left their interests here for a 
while ami returned to New York, returning early 
in the '50s. They were accompanied by their 
parents, their broth rs, ^.lonzo and J. E. The 
additions of the '50s were strong in the new life 
and vigor, and with the capital they brought with 
them belped the \ illage over mam rough places. 
-Yi \\nn;i. [N 18 Hi. 
Svlvanus Holcomb 


('. Lattiri* 

.!. Sixbury' 

*] >. Bannisti i 

— *Mansion 11 

*J. t . \\ aterman : 


z * * 

^ — 

*E. 1'. Young 


— - '■ ? 

♦Court House .-.i^'- 

> - -•- 
•/. — . — 
■/. - 

— Z - , - 



On a beautiful Sabbath morning in the year 
1836. in the month of June, might have been seen 
a few humble worshipers, gathering at the home 
of one Mark Daniels, who lived about one mile 
north of this city on the farm now owned by 
Philo Van Galder, nearly opposite the residence 
of Ered Van Galder in Sycamore township. There 
were then only three Methodist families in the 
community — the Whites, the Daniels and the 
Walrods. Two of these brethren, longing 

to he, ii' again a gospel sermon and wor- 
ship to Cod. went to Kingston ami found 
a mill Levi Lee — a local preacher, who 
rami' and preached, it being the first service held 
in this place at this time. His texl was, "Have 
faith in God." Mr. Lee was owner of Lee*s mill 
and one of the first county commissioners and a 
prominent and influential citizen of that early 
time. At that lime there were missionaries, Wil- 
liam Royal ami Samuel Pillsbury, sent out to look 
over the ground and plan the work oi the church. 
These nun organized the first class, composed of 
the following named persons: Edward White, 
win, was appointed class leader: Mary While, his 
wife; Mail Daniels and wife; Peter Walrod and 
wife, making six in all. In the following Septem- 
ber there was held the first quarterly meeting serv- 
ice, Stephen 1!. Beggs taking charge. At that 
meeting occurred the lir>t baptismal service, he- 
me- thai ol' Caroline White, infant daughter of 
Brother and Sister White. In a few months a log 
■rl I house was built, in which was held the reg- 
ular church service, which occurred once in four 
weeks. This log 3chool house was built on the 
farm now owned bj Lewis Lloyd. By this time 
Sycamore was included in the circuit, which ex- 
tended to Rockford on the north, Mourn Morris 

on the west, S iauk on the south, and St. 

Charles on the cast. The first parsonage wa- built 
about 1840 on Brother White's farm, four miles 
north of tow iron the farm now owned by Captain 
A. F. Park. At that time some of the pastors of 
the church were Stephen R. Beggs, who lived at 
Plainfield, Illinois, dying at the advanced age of 
ninety years, Revs. Wiley. Frink, Decker. Lattin. 
Blessed, indeed, was the work of the Lord in the 
heart- of these devoted soldiers of the cross, and 
bishop, presiding elder and pastor together en- 
joyed 1 1^ hospitality of the old log cabin and the 
schoolhouse with the same pleasure as the palace 
ol the present day. Then it was common to enter- 
tain sixteen in a home of only two rooms when at- 
tending the quarterly meeting service, and great 
blessings attended their meetings. In 184.J preach- 
ing appointment was removed from the school- 
house to the old courthouse in Sycamore, a frame 
building situated on State street, opposite the pres- 
ent courthouse building. At this time, although 
Sycamore was a town of few inhabitants, intoxi- 
cants were sold in hotels and many people were very 



wicked. Dr. Luke Hitchcock was presiding elder 
and S. E. Beggs pastor. These men were earnest 
shepherds of the people and felt deeply the need of 
a revival of religion. They began the work and 
the holy spirit came in saving power to the people. 
Man] people flocked from miles around to hear the 
word of light by those who were saved of the Lord. 
Among those brought to Christ at that revival of 
religion were our beloved Brother Sixbury and 
wife, Brother Carlos Lattin and wife, Brothers 
David and Daniel Walrod and wives and others. 
These men were afterward among the most useful 
and efhcienl class leaders in the church, and some 
of them are now in Heaven. This was the be- 
ginning id' better and more prosperous days in 
Methodism. In 1847 a new church edifice thirty- 
seven l'\ forty feel was built upon the present 
church site, the land being given by Brother Car- 
los Lattin. This church still stands and is used as 
a part of a livery barn by Helson & Walrod. Many 
blessed revivals attended the work of the ministry 
and church, and as the years passed by, one marked 
with special power occurred in the year 1855, un- 
der the pastorate of Revs. Tascar and Higgins, 
when the church was crowded nightly for weeks 
and more than a hundred souls entered into tin- 
service of the Lord, some of whom today are m 
the ministry of the church. Pastors in the years 
following were Revs. Comb, Searl, Brown aad 
Thayer. In the year 1850 the first parsonage was 
sold and a new one was built, winch still remains 
on the lot adjoining the church edifice and in later 
years the pastor's present home was built on beau- 
tiful Somonauk street. After two or more decades 
of years from the date of the building of the first 
church and the society had been greatly blessed 
and prospered, the present church edifice was erect- 
ed. As I recall those few incidents of the early 
days of the history of the church, my thoughts 
turn to those beloved elders, pastors, leaders and 
stewards of the church who lived among us as cit- 
izens but were loyal to the Lord their King, and 
who now reign with Him in Glory. Let us cher- 
ish their memory, emulate with them good works 
and win with them the crown. 

When the Methodist church was completed in 
1847 it was the first church edifice in the city and 
perhaps the second one built in the county. Little 
can we now realize how much the building of this 
church meant by way of personal sacrifice to its 

members. One member subscribed five hundred 

dollars, others sums varying from that amount 
down to fifty, while the outside public who were 
anxious to see a church built here did considerable. 
One member of the church at the present time pos- 
sesses more property than the whole Methodist con- 
gregation in the early '40s. 

In 1S40 the Methodist conference for this sec- 
tion of the statr was held at Mount Morris by 
Bishop Scott and some of the presiding elders fol- 
lowing the trail from Chicago stopped for break- 
fast at the residence of Brother Edward White. 
They traveled on horseback, and. compared with 
means of travel at this time, great inconvenience 
wa- suffered by those pioneers of the church. 

The second church edifice built in this town 
was the First Congregational church, located on 
land given by Captain Barnes, on the southwesi 
corner or Main and Exchange streets. This build- 
ing was commended at an earlier date than the 
Methodist church and was not completed until 
L850. At. a meeting of the members of the Con- 
gregational church called in 1848 they resolved to 
make an estimate of all the personal property of 
the several members and to assess the property by 
two outside parties. This assessmeni was made 
by Carlos Lattin of the Methodist society and 
Stephen Townsend of the Wesleyan Methodist 
society of Mayfield. In making this assessment 
they deducted the amounts owed by the several 
members from the total valuation, ami the tax 
levied from this assessment was a tenth of their 
entire property. The assessment made is now in 
possession of Emily Wood, of Sycamore, and it 
gives tin' members the property valuation as fol- 
lows, describing all kinds of property, real and 
personal: David West, thirteen hundred and ten 
dollars; Harry Martin, six hundred and fifty-six 
dollars; Jesse Kellogg, nineteen hundred and twen- 
ty-nine dollars; Ellsworth Rose, two hundred and 
fifty dollars; .Tames N. Hammond, eleven hundred 
and seventy-eight dollars: Charles J. Robinson, 
eight hundred dollars; John F. Snow, thirty-five 
hundred and ninety-one dollars : C. M. Brown, 
eight hundred dollars : Alexander Crawford, eight- 
een hundred and eighty-four dollars; Aaron West, 
nine hundred and ninety-two dollars; Clark 
Wright, twenty-three hundred and ninety-four dol- 
lars ; Ashael Stow, two hundred dollars. In this 
wav fifteen hundred and ninetv-five dollars was 



raised by the congregation, while those outside the 
church contributed liberally, thus after six years 
of struggle, toil and sacrifice, the first Congrega- 
tional society had an ample house of worship. 

The third church organized was the Universal- 
ist. They first met in 1845 and held meetings in 
the first court house. The church grew larger 
and in 1854 built a brick house of worship on Main 
street, in the house now owned by Mr. Steriker. 
The next society organized was in 1855, and in 
1851 the first St. Peters Episcopal church was 
built on land donated by James S. Waterman. In 
1879 the present stone structure and rectory was 
built, the church being donated by James S. Wat- 
erman. The Baptisi church first held services in 
Franklin and South Grove townships and little 
more than a half century ago moved to Sycamore. 
Their present elegant modern structure was erei ted 
nine years ago. 

The Swedish Evangelical Luthernan church was 
organized in 1859. The first meetings were held in 
the old school house in 1858. Rev. E Carlson 
was the first preacher and organizer of the church. 
They later erected a frame church at a cosl of 
about sixteen hundred dollars. Swedish emi- 
grants, however, were coming in large numbers 
and settling in Ohio Grove and in the east part 
of Mayfield and the wesi parts of Sycamore town- 
ship, while a large number of their nationality 
became residents of the city of Sycamore In 
1870 Christine Nilson, the sweet singer of Sweden, 
: use of relatives living here came to Sycamore 
and sang, so that the people of her country strug- 
gling in a foreign land might have a church build- 
ing adequate to the needs of the large and grow- 
ing congregation. The concert was held in the 
Methodist church, tickets were live dollars each, 
and the house was crowded, hater in the evening 
-he sang in Wilkin's Hall to the people of her own 
nationality and in her native language. The pro- 
ceeds of this entertainment gave them sufficient 
funds to build a large wooden church, which was 
used until 1896, when the magnificent stone edi- 
fice at the corner of Somonauk and Charles streets 
was dedicated. 

The first Catholic church was built in Sycamore 
in i860, and about four years ago the present mag- 
nificent structure was erected. This parish ex- 
tends over a large area and has a membership of 
over six hundred. A Wesleyan Methodist church 

was built in the early '70s. A Free Methodist 
church was built in 1878. The German Lutheran 
society purchased the old Congregational church 
and the latter denomination built their beautiful 
edifice on Somonauk and High streets. The Swed- 
ish Baptist church was built in 1892. 

Sycamore has in a measure been an intellectual 
center for many years, and after the James block 
was erected in 1858 they began to maintain a lec- 
ture course, which was kept up at different inter- 
vals for many years. The first year of the course 
Horace Greeley, Bayard Taylor and Charles Sum- 
ner delivered lectures in the new building. 

The merchants of Sycamore in the early history 
of the town were compelled to send to Chicago for 
their supplies. Fpon the completion of the Great 
Western road they brought their supplies from 
Cortland overland. This consumed much time and 
was ver\ expensive. In 1859 the Sycamore & Cort- 
land road was built, at a cost of about seventy-five 
thousand dollars, which was paid by the citizens of 
Sycamore and vicinity, and it was not until the 
early '60s that engines began to be used over this 
road in the transportation of freight. For many 
years the goods were placed on cars and hauled 
from Cortland to Sycamore by horses. The people 
in those earlier days traded in Sycamore for miles 
around. The trade extended to the west and north 
for a distance of nearly twenty-five miles, and on 
the east half way to St. Charles. It extended in 
a southerly direction half way to Sandwich. 

In 1869 the Marsh Harvester Manufacturing 
Company was organized and established here and 
their extensive plant for years employed hundreds 
of men. The E. Ellwood Manufacturing Com- 
pany was organized in 1875. The village of Syca- 
more was incorporated in 1858. For ten years the 
village government existed, when the people or- 
ganized under a civil government. A special char- 
ter was procured and approved by the governor, 
March 4. 1869, Eeuben Ellwood being elected first 
mayor. The Wilkins block was erected in 1864, 
and for a time was considered the best business 
block in the county. This was destroyed by fire 
in 1902 and on that site now stands the Daniel 
Pierce building. 

In the winter of 1842-3 E. L. Mayo continued 
the school work of this village and was succeeded 
by Sheldon Crossett in 1843-4. School was held 
generally in the court house, hut often in private 

STORM OF 1881. 


US K J. 



residences, and in 1846-7 Charles Eobinson taught 
school in the old Deacon Martin house on the 
south side of West State street. He was succeeded 
at this place by Mr. Eoswell Dow. and he received 
the magnificent sum of fifteen dollars a month. 
The directors, Joseph Sixbury and Sparock Well- 
ington, for the next term offered him twelve dol- 
lars a month, assuring him that he should not have 
over thirty pupils. Mr. Dow agreed to teach the 
school for twelve dollars a month, provided that 
he should have pay in proportion for all over 
thirty. School opened and the number of pupils 
steadily increased until the roll showed an attend- 
ance of sixty-four. In 18-18-9 Mr. Dow organized 
a select school in the old court house building, 
afterwards in the Sons' of Temperance hall, and 
later in the Universalist church. The school was 
held for several years in a house standing at the 
southeast corner of Main and Ottawa streets. 

hi the winter of 1853--1 Hannah Dean taught 
school in a house now occupied by Mrs. Ruel Da- 
vis, but in 1853 steps were taken for the erection 
of a school house, the first in the village. 

A lot was secured on the northeast corner of 
California and Exchange streets, Hannah Dean 
was the first principal in the new schoolhouse. The 
population of the village increased and a four- 
room structure was erected in 1850 on the site of 
the old building. In 1863 the schoolhouse was 
burned and the directors erected a school building 
during the sirmmer and fall of that year at a cost 
of fifteen thousand, five hundred dollars. It was 
constructed of wood, had eight large rooms, the 
requisite cloak rooms, recitation rooms, apparatus 
room, the superintendent's office and a large as- 
sembly hall. For years this was the best school 
building in this part of the state. The attendance 
rapidly increased, tuition pupils attending for 
miles around. By 1876 the attendance had so in- 
creased that a room in the basement of the Metho- 
dist church was used as a primary schoolroom. In 
1887 a two-room building was erected in the west 
part of town. In 1880 another ward school was 
built on the southeast side of the town, and 
an addition was built to the central school. 
In 1898 a new ward school was built in 
the south part of the town and the present high 
school building was erected north of the central 
school building. The high school course was ex- 
tended to a period of four years and the pupils 

graduating from this institution were admitted 
to universities without examinations. Mrs. Abbie 
L. Waterman, by her will, gave for the founda- 
tion of a school for girls the family residence on 
Somonauk street, together with sixty acres of land, 
on which suitable buildings for the institution's 
purpose were erected in 1889. She also gave as an 
endowment a well stocked farm of five hvtndred 
acres adjoining the school, Waterman Block, con- 
sisting of the three best located stores and office 
building in Sycamore, and valuable Chicago prop- 
erty. Rev. B. F. Fleetwood was appointed rector 
upon its organization and is at present still at the 
head of the institution. 

During the year 1907 Sycamore has added to 
her industrial institutions the Hardware Supply 
Factory, Borden's Condensed Milk Factory and 
the Turner Brass Works, and is at present grow- 
ing in population and wealth. The Sycamore Pre- 
serve Works was established in 1881 and its capa- 
city has been continually increased, until at pres- 
ent it is one of the largest institutions of the kind 
in northern Illinois. 

F. C. Patten Manufacturing Company now oc- 
cupies the old R. Ellwood Manufacturing plant 
and the Marsh Harvester Building and employs a 
large number of men. 

Sycamore being the county seat, has during her 
career had as residents men of ability and influ- 
ence. The majority of the De Kalb county bar 
resides here, and in earlier days the financiers of 
the county found Sycamore a great convenience 
as a business center. Among the earlier business 
men were James, Charles, John C. and John A. 
Waterman, J. H. Rogers, G. P. Wild, John Hark- 
ness, Reuben Ellwood, member of congress in 
1880-84; Chauncey, Alonzo and Ed. Ellwood. Dan- 
iel Pierce, Moses Dean and Harmon Paine. H. 
H. Mason and C. 0. Boynton came here ai an 
early day and established a brokerage firm and 
were men of wealth and splendid business ca- 
pacity. Of the men in political life who attained 
to more than local prominence were Jesse Kellogg, 
John R. Hamlin. Marshall Stark, Dr. James Har- 
rington. J. K. Stiles, and the Ellwoods. Those 
who achieved distinction as military men and at- 
tained the rank of brevet brigadier general were 
Daniel Dustin, E. F. Dutton. Charles Waite, F. 
W. Partridge, who formerly resided in Sandwich 
but a resident of Sycamore at the time of receiving 



his rank, John L. Beveridge, who was an early 
resident of Sycamore, but removed to Evanston in 
1854 and entered the war from that place, became 
a brevet brigadier general and was afterward gov- 
ernor of the state of Illinois. Charles W. Stol- 
brand. who was conducting an abstract office at 
the time of the breaking out of the Civil war, or- 
ganized a company of artillery, and rose to the 
rank of full brigadier and in 1866 received the 
rank of brevet major general. He was educated at 
a military academy in Sweden and at once be- 
came a valuable officer and at the close of the 
war was chief of the artillery of the Army of the 

Those who attained prominence in the legal 
profession will be treated of in a separate article 
entitled the Bench and Bar, and those who were 
foremost in the medical profession in a chapter en- 
titled Medicine and Surgery. 

Those who have been appointed as consuls to 
foreign countries were Captain Hood and General 
F. W. Partridge, the latter serving for several 
years as minister to Siam. Sycamore gave three 
hundred and seven men for the suppression of the 
rebellion. Out of this number about sixty lost 
their lives and a large number returned maimed 
and crippled. 

The supervisors of the township have been Dr. 
James Harrington from its organization in 1850 
to 1856. He was succeeded by E. L. Mayo and 
Mayo was succeeded b] Daniel B. James. Dr. Har- 
rington again serving in 1859, 1860 and 1861; 
Roswell Dow in 1862, 1863 and L864 : Samuel Al- 
den two years: Henry Wood one year; X. S. Cot- 
trell one year; Henry Wood one year: John B. 
Smith two years: E. B. Shurtleff two years: Mar- 
shall Stark from 1878-85; II. C. Whittemore, who 
is serving at present, has held the position for 
twenty-two years. Those who have held the posi- 
tion of assistant supervisor are E. L. Mayo. C. 
M. Brown. Alonzo Ellwood, 0. 0. Boynton, 
Charles Kellum. Luther Lowell. Beuben Ellwood, 
Moses Dean, Captain R. A. Smith. W. W. Marsh. 
Henry C. Whittemore, Byron F. Wyman, Edwin 
Waite and F. B. Townsend. 


Genoa township lies in the extreme northeastern 
part of the county. Kane county forming its east- 

ern boundary and McHenry its northern. Genoa 
belongs to the original Polish survey and that 
with the two townships lying west and north of 
the base line was the first land to be surveyed in 
the county. The town is watered by the Kishwau- 
kee on the west side and Coon creek on the east 
side. The first white inhabitant of the town was 
Thomas Madison, a native of Ohio. This was in 
1836, and during this year he was followed by 
H. X. Perkins, Samuel Corey. Thomas Munnehan 
and Henry Durham, and to these men Thomas 
Madison sold his claim of two sections of land 
for twenty-eight hundred dollars. Mr. Madison, 
being a natural frontiersman, went farther west. 
The cabin of Thomas Madison was on the site of 
Perkins Hotel. The first store kept in Genoa was 
opened by Henry Durham in the Madison cabin. 
He was a shrewd, sharp, energetic citizen and lived 
m Genoa for nearly thirty years and died there, 
having accumulated considerable fortune by trade, 
by hotel keeping and land speculation. The 
inhabitants mentioned were soon followed by Dan- 
iel 11. Whittemore. Henry Preston. E. 1'. Clea>oU. 
Samuel Stevens, Jeremiah and Putney Brown. E. 
S. Gregory, Ephraim Hall. A. M. Hollenbeak and 
Dr. P. M. I'age. the latter the first practicing phy- 
sician in the town. In the spring of 1838 Genoa 
was quite a populous center and was larger than 
any other village in the county. During the spring 
of this year H. V Perkins" house was entered by 
a part of the banditti, who robbed him of three 
hundred dollars. He had good evidence that it 
was taken by the Brodies of Brodies Grove ami 
their accomplices, who were understood to be con- 
led, rated with Daniel II. Whittemore and E. P. 
Gleason, of Genoa, but no prosecution was made. 
nor was the money recovered. 

Luring this year James S. and Charles Water- 
man opened a stock of goods and carried on a very 
successful business for some time. Daniel Ball 
opi in-, I the third store and Mr. Amsden the fourth. 
A very large business was transacted by some of 
these dealers, one person stated that the Water- 
mans reported a sale of ninety thousand dollars 
per year. Joseph Malthy opened the first black- 
smith shop here about 1-840. Mr. Preston was the 
first wagon maker and E. S. Gregory and Jere- 
miah Brown were the first shoemakers. S. O. Pike. 
wlio settled in Sycamore during the latter years 
of his lite, claims to have built the first wagon in 



the county at his home in Genoa township in 184?. 

In 1837 when the commissioners were examin- 
ing a site for the county seat they decided that, 
Genoa was too far from the center, but Genoa was 
a valuable aid to Sycamore in the contest of Syca- 
more, being the nearest town to that point. In 
183S a Fourth of July celebration was held in 
Genoa, which was the second one held in the 
county, of which we have any record. George H. 
Hill, afterward county judge, delivered an oration 
to an audience of over a thousand people. They 
came to this celebration from Rockford, Aurora 
and St. Charles and from all the surrounding 
country, and it must be remembered that at this 
time Genoa was as promising a town and had a 
population equal to the other towns named. Bel- 
videre at the time contained only two houses. 
Judge Hill was at this time a man of less than 
thirty years, was possessed with great natural abil- 
ity, had a better education than boys generally at 
that period, and was a speaker of considerable 
power and many are those present who have testi- 
fied to the ability of Judge Hill on this occasion. 

Two men of Genoa by this time had acquired 
considerable notoriety. One was Daniel T. Whitte- 
more. and the other E. P. Gleason, both now 
known to be members of the banditti and asso- 
ciates of the Brodies and other outlaws who in- 
fested the country at that time. After the Per- 
kins robbery both men were under suspicion ami 
Daniel Whittemore soon left the country, dispos- 
ing of his claim to E. P. Gleason. and when last 
heard from was residing in California. Gleason 
in his subsequent career kept up the reputation 
which he had established from the beginning. 
While boarding at Perkins' log tavern soon after 
his arrival a carpet sack was found in his posses- 
sion well filled with counterfeit money and the 
fact that h had plenty of money on hand and was 
a man of considerable property at that time was 
easily accounted for. He was a man of fine ap- 
pearance, agreeable manners, fair in his dealings 
with his neighbors and generally liked, and con- 
sequently had a host of friends who were ever 
ready to take his part. In the ordinary affairs of 
life he never tried to pass counterfeit money, but 
he manufactured it and wholesaled it to his con- 
federates. In 1839 one of his associates, a travel- 
ing confederate, was arrested in Chicago and dur- 
ing his confinement confessed his guilt, implicat- 

ing one of the chiefs of the gang. Gleason was 
arrested, but although the testimony of this wit- 
ness had been promised, when the trial came on he 
could not be procured and Gleason was liberated. 

Not long after a message was again sent from 
Chicago saying that if our officers would again ar- 
rest Gleason the evidence against him should be 
forthcoming. Three or four deputies were now 
commissioned to go to Genoa and effect his arrest. 
They reached his place at midnight and after 
watching until dawn had the satisfaction of seeing 
him come to his door, when they approached and 
captured him. But Gleason hospitably insisted 
that his captors should stop and get breakfast 
before they went away and they consented. In the 
meantime he took them out in his garden to show 
them his fine crop of corn, of which he was justly 
proud. In an instant he had disappeared in the 
tall corn and I'm- several years after was not seen 
in the country. 

Several years after, when the evidence had again 
become unattainable, Gleason came back and start- 
ed business again. He had a store, sawmill and 
tine farm, all in full operation, and had married 
a respectable young woman of the neighborhood. 
A few years after he became ill and a traveling 
doctor named Smitch, who boarded in his family 
and was reported to lie attached to his wife, attend- 
ed him. He grew worse without any evident 
cause. After eating one day of some porridge 
prepared by his wife and the doctor he complained 
that it did not taste just right, but ate heartily 
and soon after died in convulsions and delirium. 
Not long after his burial the Doctor and Mrs. 
Gleason were arrested on a charge of murdering 
him by poison. The body was exhumed and the 
contents of the stomach examined and a special 
term held for their trial, but the evidence of guilt 
was insufficient and they were discharged. The 
Doctor and Mrs. Gleason soon afterward married, 
moved to La Salle county, where the Doctor died 
under circumstances that led to the suspicion that 
be had been poisoned. His wife soon after died 
very suddenly. Such was the miserable end of 
one who was undoubtedly a leader in the crime 
that had disturbed the early settlers of this coun- 
ty. He escaped the punishment of his crime against 
the law only to meet a more terrible fate. An 
old settler who recently visited here remembers 
seeing a cabin on what is now known as Fishtrap 



about is in. .i< T..-- in May field township. There 
was found no regular path Leading to the cabin 
and it is supposed thej came by different routes 
so as tn leave ao tracks of their going and coming. 
Many are satisfied thai much of the counterfeit 
money found in possi ssion of ideason was made at 
this point and ii was known by his neighbors that 
he spent many nights away from home, returning 
before daybreak. 

The lii-i religious services were held in the 
house of II. X. Perkins, services being conducted 
by Rev. Ora Walker in the winter of 1837-8. Rev. 
Mr. Gaddis was the second preacher in the town- 

In 1837 a mail route was established from St. 
Charles through Genoa and a postoffice was opened 
by Horatio M. Perkins. This office Mr. Perkins 
held foT forty-seven consecutive years, resigning 
in 1884, when hi- grandson, II. A. Perkins, was 
appointed. » renoa reci ived its name from Thomas 
Madison, who named ii Genoa in honor of his na- 
tive town in Now York. In isis Genoa still had 
as large trade as anj other town in the county. 
It had two well limh taverns along the stage line 
from Elgin to Galena. These b,otels did an excel- 
lent business. Aside Erom thai thej were »n al 
social centers. Balls were frequently held there 

and tin' young i and ■. < • 1 1 1 1 1^ ladii - tu ri came 

from miles around ami danced until the wei -mall 
hours of the morning. No1 only were these events 
of social Lnteresl bu1 thej proved profitable, for 
Mr. Perkins reports having taken in as high as 
two hundred ami twenty-five dollars in one night. 
In 1854 the Genoa Anti-Horse Thief Association 
was organized, the process of la\( bi ng too slow for 
practical purposes, so the gooi peopL Genoa 

abandoned the red tape forms and the ) pie 

started out on a plan to proteel themselves. So 
successful were thej in this enterprise that after 
it- organization bul one horse ever came tip miss- 
ing and thai h as found after a 1 i h and an 
expenditure of two hundred dollars. 

The !ii-i si hool was held in 1838 and was taught 
by Mary Ann Hill. The site of the first institu- 
tion of learning was al t three-quarters of a 

mile south of the presenl village. The Methodist 

services wen held in the sel Ihouse until 1854, 

when the Genoa Methodist church was erected, 
which at that time was the finest church ed 
in the countv. In L861 the Ney church was i rei t- 

ed near the north line of the town on land donated 
In Daniel Buck. The original subscription List is 
in our possession and it shows how anxious these 
pioneers were for the spread of the gospel. Dan- 
iel Buck contributed a thousand dollars aside from 
the site, while others gave sums that seem to us 
almost incredible when considering the small 
amount of property, from which these sums were 

In 1850 tin- village of Genoa was platted, but 
had not attained much size and prominence until 
the building of the railroad in 1876. Since this 
time Genoa has had a rapid growth ami at presenl 
lias a population of two thousand. On the east 
side of the town in the settlement -tailed by 
Padgetl Eodgeboom and George Moore a villago 
was erected along the Milwaukee road called New 
Lebanon, which ha,- a postoffice, store, elevator ami 
butter factory anil makes an excellent shipping 
-tat ion lor the people on this side of the town. 
\ large number of Germans ha\e settled hen' and 
have buill an excellent German Lutheran church 
in Genoa ami maintain a parochial school. Among 
i In leading I fermans n ho have been suci essful in 
the building up of this community and securing 
I'm- themselves a competency in this life are John 
Becker, John Lambke, Chris ami John Ault. Au- 
gusl Japp, Joseph Dunevan, H. Kreuger ami M. 

Eousl In the latter '50s a large number of 

I'' mi--. Ivanians settled in the north a-t part of the 
town. Among the number were the Kitchens, Cor- 
sans, Eichlers, Kitchens and Spencers. In 187"! the 
Genoa graded school was built and the school was 
organized by David S. Gibbs, the first principal. 
I sis years this institution was the only graded 
scl 1 in the north part of the county, pupil- at- 
tending from Melleiiry and Kane counties and 
for a distance of ten or fifteen miles around. Pro- 
fessor Gibbs was raised in Franklin township near 
Blood's Point, wa- a schoolteacher in his early 
days .mii! afterward a soldier in the Civil war. His 
work was of a lasting character and he and his 
wife. Julia, have left an impression on young 
heart- that will last when their monuments shall 
have crumbled into dust. 

Genoa furnished the Union army with one hun- 
dred and nine men, and at the time of the first 
enrollment for a draft had already sent out sixty- 
eight per ('tit of her arms bearing population. 
<»f those who lost their live; in the war were: 





A! i 



J. II. Chase, who died at Kansas City, Missouri, 
June 11, 1865; E. M. Gillett, Alexandria, Virginia, 
April 9, 1862; Ellis Buck, Washington, 1). C, 
April 28, 1861; A. II. Bruzell who was lost off 
steamboat Olive, below St. Louis, on the Missis- 
sippi, June 28, 1865; Augustus Martin, at Genoa, 
February 13, 1863 ; Sergeant J. H. Depue, March 
21, 1864; J. S. Bailey at Chicago, Illinois, Oc- 
tober 1, 1862; J. II. Burroughs, at New Albany, 
Indiana, December 21, 1862. 

The supervisors of the town are: Henry Dur- 
ham. 1850; G. F. King, 1851; I. W. Garvin, 1852; 
A. M. Hollenbeck, 1853-1; I. W. Garvin, 1855; 
Jesse Doud, 1856; Daniel Buck. 1857; John Heth, 
1861-2; J. L. Brown, 1863; Daniel Buck, 1864-5; 
Henry N. Perkins, 1866-9; A. H. Pond, 1870-3; 
John Heth, 1874; Jeremiah L. Brown, 1875; John 
Heth, 1876; Henry N. Perkins, 1877-80; A. H. 
Pond, 1881-3; Kendall Jackman. 18S4; D. S. 
Brown ; J. E. Stott ; J. Siglin, and F. Duval. 


When the war with Mexico broke out in 1S45, 
De Kalb county was then very sparsely settled, 
having a population of less than three thousand. 
Illinois furnished six regiments of troops and De 
Kalb county more than a score of soldiers. A 
company of soldiers from Belvidere. headed by 
Captain William Shepherd marched from that 
city to Sycamore and encamped for the night. 
As they came marching into the little village they 
were headed by a fife and drum corps. At that 
period martial music was not frequently heard on 
the frontier, and it created considerable excite- 
ment. The boys built bonfires, made speeches and 
played the martial music until late in the night. 
This so stirred the American blood of 1776 and 
1812 that in the morning the force was consider- 
ably increased. With this additional re-inforce- 
ment they marched on to Dixon and from there 
to the river, where they took ship tor Alton and 
were enrolled with the Second Regiment of Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry. The soldiers from De 
Kalb county in this company are given in the Ad- 
jutant's Report of Belvidere, and no mention is 
made of the fact that part of the companv were 
residents of De Kalb county, but several are 
known who have resided here both before and 
after the Mexican war. Among the number were 
George Dennis and Peter Murray of Mayfield. 
and Leroy Benson, of Kingston township and per- 

haps Francis Russell, whose residence is in De 

Kalb county. The same is true of the soldiers 
of the Mexican war from which county who en- 
listed in the First Illinois Regiment of Volun- 
teer Infantry. Among the number are Alonzo 
Laporte, of Paw Paw; Peleg Sweet, later a resi- 
dent of Victor; and Theron Potter, later a resi- 
dent of Sandwich. Alonzo Laporte still resides 
in West Paw Paw. George Dennis is a resident 
of Iowa. The company belonging to the Second 
Illinois suffered heavy loss, losing more than half 
their number. They are buried at Monterey, Ja- 
lapa, City of Mexico, Vera Cruz and Pueblo, more 
dying from disease contracted in that tropical cli- 
mate of Mexico than from the bullets of the 

Edwin H. Fay, who still lives in Hinckley, 
went from this county into the Sixteenth Kentucky 
Volunteer Infantry; William Cone into the First 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry and David Tawn en- 
listed from Paw Paw into the same regiment. 

The period in our county's history that reached 
the high tide of patriotism, self-sacrifice and he- 
roism was that from 1861 to 1865. The emi- 
grants from eastern homes had by this time 
become well, and comfortably domiciled in their 
new' homes, had attached to the new west and were 
reaching out for opportunities of education and 
refinement which comes after years of toil and 
hardship. The real temper of love of country in 
the American people had not been put to the se- 
verest test since the days of 1776, unless we take 
into consideration the war of 1812 (and that one- 
sided, short, decisive, but brilliant struggle with 
our weak" sister republic — Mexico — which in its in- 
ception does not reflect great credit on the nation's 
moral tone, for it was waged to extend an insti- 
tution, already condemned by the civilized na- 
tions of the world) no real trial, such as was oc- 
casioned by the Civil war had come. Foreign na- 
tions firmly believed that a clash of arms between 
sections of our country would cause our national 
fabric to fall and had openly prophesied such a 
catastrophe. The real wealth and inexhaustible 
resources of our country were not appreciated and 
the most optimistic American, had he been told 
in 1861 that the struggle then in its inception, 
would mean the expenditure of over five billion 
dollars of national, state, county and individual 
wealth, but would have been paralyzed with such 
an apparently hopeless prospect. 



Every step of this struggle Led into unknown 
and untried policies of linanee and legislation. 
Private expenditures, luxuries for the sick and 
wounded, bounties for the soldier, and all of those 
tilings done from the humanitarian standpoint 
to alleviate the suffering and sorrow? that were 
rolled upon this nation in its days of travail can 
never be known. Two million men for the flo- 
tilla and the field, and the thousands essential for 
the maintenance of this mighty host in arms 
were drawn from the occupations of peace 
and productiveness, and those left at home must 
continue the work of those in public service and 
in addition support those armies, navies and all 
things else that were necessary to the mainte- 
nance of an indissoluble nation. 

The county had been shaken to its foundations 
by the great political eontesl of L860 and people 
svere apparently hopelessly di\ Lded « lien the conti si 
came a few months later, but everything moved 
with rapidity. Threats of secession were now car- 
ried to a reality. Our national life was in jeop- 
ardy. Political divisions began to subside. 
Finally the flag of our lathers was fired upon. 
Then the great love of country, which in many 
seemed to lie dormant, was aroused. Stephen 
A. Douglas, who bad apparently trifled with 
dangers during a brilliant political career, now 
came out strongly for the suppression of re- 
bellion. His Sunday night conference with Presi- 
dent Lincoln, his recommendations and promised 
loyal support, stimulated the martyred president 
to determined activity, and a brighter day dawned 
upon the administration which from the begin- 
ning had been enveloped in deep gloom. The 
Douglas democracj responded to the patriotic 
spirit of its great leader and they rallied to the 
support of the crowning act of a brilliant, na- 
tional career and his position in 1861, the sup- 
port of Lincoln's administration cannot be fully 
estimated. His death at only forty-eight years 
of age in this great national crisis was a truly 
national calamity. The firing on Fort Sumter 
awakened the country from the delusion that seces- 
sion was simply a threat to curb the growing 
sentiment against slavery in the north and sati- 
ate political revenge. The call to arms came, 
the flag unfurled over public buildings and 
seemed to produce an effect that was electrical. 

The best young men came forth to do service. 
Some institutions of learning found it impos- 

sible to continue their school work. The instruc- 
tor became au officer and led his men to the scene 
of conflict. Within three days from the first call 
for troops J>c Kalb county had men at Cairo 
ready for duty. Professor A. J. Blanchard, then 
principal of an academy in Vermont, organized 
a company and was soon at Washington for de- 
fense of the capital. The Sycamore high school 
closed a month before the end of the school year 
because so many of the boys had enlisted. The 
north became a vast camp of preparation, the 
military spirit was high and the people fondly 
hoped for immediate termination of the conflict. 
The township taxes levied and raised, together 
with personal expenditures, amounted to a quarter 
of a million dollars, while our total wealth was 
not :i sixth of what it is now, and our popula- 
tion a little more than half of what it is today. 
(Mil of our little more than sixteen thousand peo- 
ple we sent nearly 3,000 to the field. The draft 
was resorted to in a few townships. Eevenue was 
collected on many articles, drugs, notes, mort- 
gages and many other necessaries of life, but the 
burdens in many cases were imposed by popular 
vote and most cheerfully borne; and as is the case 
generally in such a crisis the "money shark" was 
Loudest in his complaints and too often disloyal. 
The most precious sacrifice, however, was in the 
lives and health of her quota of gallant boy3. 

When the call for seventy-five thousand volun- 
teers appeared April 15, great excitement pre- 
vailed throughout this section of the country, as 
well as other parts of the Union. Shortly after 
this came the attack on the Eighth Massachu- 
setts, while passing through Baltimore, and the 
first blood of the war on both sides was shed. In- 
stead of seventy-five thousand troops being re- 
eived in response to the call, three hundred thou- 
sand volunteers offered themselves for the service 
of their country and they came marching forth to 
the tune of "John Brown's Body." During the 
ensuing weeks there were tender partings of 
sons from parents and sweethearts. Though the 
terms of enlistment were commonly short it was 
still believed on both sides that the war would 
be a matter of not. more than one hundred days 
or so. If either party had foreseen four or five 
years of continuous and terrific fighting between 
armies aggregating two million men, and with 
losses altogether near seven hundred thousand, 
the emotions of those parting would have been 






more poignant still, but in these first weeks there 
was displayed a kind of sentiment which could 
only belong to the early stages of the war. There 
had as yet been no gaps made in the family cir- 
cles of the nation ; there were no wrongs to avenge, 
no sufferings to requite; the harsher aspect of the 
struggle had not yet come. There was only the 
exultation of fighting for one's country, the pa- 
thos of saying good-lay, the hope of glory, the glow 
of facing untried dangers. The boys left their 
classes in the colleges, and in the public schools, 
the farmers, mechanics and artisans left their 
work, clerks laid down their bargains on the coun- 
ter, the merchant raised a company or regiment 
and put himself at its head. Gentlemen of leis- 
ure found at last opportunity for action, which 
they had missed all their lives without know- 
ing what ailed them; ne'er-do-wells and black 
sheep started to the front with the determination 
to prove that there was stuff in them after all. 
They all went into camp, green, loose, awkward. 
The men were independent, free and easy ; the of- 
ficers men of education and refinement, unused to 
the exigencies of military discipline, asked their 
rank and file (with many of whom perhaps they 
had been acquainted in the walks of peace) to 
"please step this way," "kindly present arms." 
and so on ; but such softened words wore away be- 
fore long, and when the first three months again 
came back to their native villages they were hard- 
ly recognizable, for the gawky citizens who had 
gone forth so lately. Their figures were wiry and 
erect, their lean faces were tanned by the suns of 
Virginia. They walked in pairs or threes, with 
a long, springy, measured step of war; they were 
now disciplined soldiers who had shot and been 
shot at, had faced death, had obeyed orders, had 
made a part of battles. The difference was won- 
derful and it never wore away. Many who 
marched forth returned no more forever; those 
who came back were changed: there were empty 
places in almost every household as the years went 
by; and the family group around the hearth, if 
it were still full, never looked the same as before; 
There was another spirit, another feeling in it. 
Everywhere you saw the badge of mourning ; wom- 
en, old and young in black gowns, with crepe 
veils; it was a sight so common that one ceased 
to notice it. And the talk was all campaigns, 
battles, generals, captains, regiments, charges, re- 

treats, victories, defeats. The war correspondents 
of that day were few but the newspapers were ab- 
sorbing reading nevertheless and they had news 
to tell. There were the black head lines; the col- 
umns of terse narrative; the lists of dead and 
wounded — hut these soon had to be given up save 
for the names of leading officers; what should a 
newspaper do with the loss of forty or fifty thou- 
sand which some of the great battles brought? 
Short or long, those lists of dead, wounded and 
missing, were as trying to the women's hearts at 
home as was the charge that caused them to the 
soldiers who faced the guns. Yes, far more trying, 
for the charge was made in hot blood and there 
was excitement with glory to win and only one's 
own death to face ; but the lists were read at home; 
cold and trembling fingers held the paper; the 
eyes were painfully strained; the lips parted; the 
face pale, and the heart stood still or leaped by 
turns. There was no excitement to sustain the 
wife and mother; no glory to gain, and the death, 
if it came, came not to her but to him she loved 
best. No adequate history could ever be written 
of the women of the Civil war, but it is strange, 
indeed, that no great sculptor or architect has 
been commissioned to erect some mighty monu- 
ment to commemorate forever in enduring marble 
or bronze her heroism, her sacrifices ami her 

How do the excitements of our earlier settlement, 
its claim wars, its county seat wrangles, its eon- 
test with the banditti, its war upon grave robbers, 
its political and social excitements, all pale and 
lose their interest when compared with the story 
of the grand heroism displayed by her sons upon 
a hundred fields of battle. 

In the four years of the Civil war is comprised 
more of our county's real history, more true hero- 
ism, more adventure, more romance, more gal- 
lantry, valor, everything that dignities and en- 
nobles the characters of this people than all the 
remaining portions of its career. What gallant 
and honorable service the soldier boys of De Kalb 
county performed for their country. Xot one of 
the great battles of the long and bloody war was 
fought in which the sons of De Kalb did not bear 
an honorable part. 

De Kail) county boys opened the first battle in 
the seven days' fight on the Virginia peninsula 
and were the first to attack Lee's rebel hosts at 



Gettysburg. Somi Loaded their guns for the first 
time, while under the fire of Fort Donelson. They 
swept with the great Sherman on the grand 
march to the sea. Thej were the heroes of the 
day on the first assaull on Vicksburg. They bore 
a most honorable part in its final capture. The} 
saved by gallanl charge the defeat of Banks on 
the Red river. They were first at the capture of 
Mobile. In the campaigns in Missouri, Arkansas, 
Tennessee and in the cast, indeed wherever a rebel 
army was to be found, there were men of De Kalb 
couni to meet them in the deadly conflict. 

De Kalb county furnished one brevet major 
general in the person of Charles Stolbrand, five 
brevet brigadier generals in the persons o Da 
Dustin, Charles Waite, Everell F. Dutton, F. \Y. 
Partridge and Thomas W. Eumphrey. They fur- 
nished seven colonels and lieutenanl colonels, about 
double that amount of majors and over 

When the firsl company of soldiers iva 

I /. B. May.i the ladies of Sycamore purchased 
and made the uniforms for the soldiers. 'I 

vi a not skilled in armj regulation suits, bul made 

a very presentable c pany. The work of the 

women of De Kalb count} deserves most honorable 
mention. Aid societies were organized in every 
township of the countj and furnisl spital 

supplies, clothing and food for the so 
purchased and presented flags to many of the 
organizations I i I from this county and the 
spirit of true heroism was as strong in them a- 
in the boys on the field. Those were da 
great sorrow. Those present when those com- 
panies of the One Hundred and Fifth man 
from this county will aevei orget the sad part- 
ings of the boys with thi ir families. During the 
war we read accounts like the following: "Died 
at his heme in Mayfield of illness contracted in the 
war. Turner Wing, aged eighteen years and eighl 
months." "Killed at tl of Shiloh, one of 

the gallant officers of the Fifty-second Illinois Vol- 
unteer Regiment. Captain E. C. Knapp, aged I 
ty-nine years." "Killed a1 Stone River, December 
31, 1862, John Densi •■ Dole, of the Thirty- 
fourth Infantry, aged twenty-one years." "Joseph 
Petrie at Corinth, aged si enteen years." Thus 
we can get a definite idea of the age of the sol- 
diers who constituted the army of the Union dur- 
ing the Civil war. In passing through the great 

mil I cemeteries of the southland we find the 

age of the average soldier a little more than twen- 
ty, and after a day spent in the great national 
eei -m at Chattanooga, where seventeen thou- 
sand soldiers lie buried, we noticed but one who 
had attained the age of forty years. 

At meetings of the board of supervisors of De 
Kalb county, at town meetings and, in fact, in 
nearly all of the public gatherings, questions per- 
taining to the war' were discussed and measures 
devised for the termination of the rebellion. It 

■ aim to give a complete list of all the 

soldiers who went to the war from this county. 
Where full companies were organized in this coun- 

■ the differenf regiments we find little diffi- 
culty in i tes, but many men from 

thi- count _ intents raised in other 

parts of the state, especially Chicago, so that it 
would be an extremely difficult task to give the list 

The political affairs of both town and county 
pertain largely to math rs growing out of problems 
conci rning the war. Special town meetings, spe- 
cial meetings of the board of supervisors are of 
frequent occurrence. One meeting of the super- 
appropriated *'.'.000.00 to families deprived 
of their supporl because of father, husband or 

-on. upon w I i a widowed mother depended for 

support, had gone to the front. The men who 

d in public capacities, whether in county or 

ship affairs, deserve unstinted praise for the 
ipori of every feature of service that 
strengthened the national cause: and had every 
county north oi Mason's and Dixon's line been 
a- loyal and patriotic as De Kalb county the war 
would not have cos! one-third as much of blood and 

ii re ii- v ii - oi i asioned bj this cruel war. 


Oil I'WY II. 

Daniel R. Ballou, Sandwich, promoted first lieu- 
ti mint. 

Franklin Munson, Sandwich, promoted first 

Eubert Carwer, Sandwich, mustered out Au- 
gust, 28, '64. 


Edward Hoag, Sandwich, died February 6, '62. Hinkins, Andrew, Sandwich, mustered out Au- 

Charles Kenrill Sandwich, mustered out Au- gust 28, '64. 

gust 28, '64. Hart, Henry, Sandwich, mustered out August 

2S, '64. 

corporals Hammer, Francis, Sandwich, discharged March 

11, '62. 

M. E. Van Nostrand, Sandwich, re-enlisted as Ise ' Heni 7> Sandwich, re-enlisted as veteran, 

veteran. Judd, Albert, Sandwich, mustered out August 

George Woodward, Sandwich, promoted first 28 ' ' 64 ' 

lieutenant. Lacey, Michael, Sandwich, re-enlisted as veteran. 

John Culver, Sandwich, mustered out August M iUer, George C, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 

28, '64'. eran - 

Cornelius Haggerty, Sandwich died August 31 Miller, James. Sandwich, mustered out August 

•62. »8, '64. 

Miller, William, Sandwich, mustered out Au- 

privates. S ust 28 > ' 64 - 

Mullin, Nathaniel, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 

Brucham, William. Sandwich, mustered out Au- ' 

gust 28 '64 Eose, An d rew - Sandwich, mustered out June 15, 

' '65 
Baldwin, John, Sandwich, discharged March 9, ' 
'Q2 Sanders, Milton, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 
Baldwin, Kipps, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 
eran Snyder, Augustus, Sandwich, died March 4, '64. 

Banfield, John, Sandwich, re-enlisted as veteran. , StaU ' J ° V Sandwich - mustered out August 28, 

Baker, Thornton, Sandwich, discharged Mav 26, 

'62. Stipp, Herman, Sandwich, died November 6, '62. 

Colgrove, Franklin, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 3f St ' Lorenzo - Sandwich - re-enlisted as veteran. 

eran Whitney, Edward, Sandwich, deserted November 

Corke, Thomas, Sandwich, re-enlisted as veteran. " ' 
Canham, William, Sandwich, mustered out Au- 
gust 28, '64. VETERANS. 

Davis, Washington, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 
eran. Baldwin, Kipps, Sandwich, died July 20, '64, 

Drujar, William, Sandwich, died February 25, from wounds. 

'64. Banfield, John, Sandwich, mustered out July 4, 

Estabrook, Edwin. Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- '65, as corporal, 

eran. Colgrove, Franklin, Sandwich, discharged June 

Frorget. Henry, Sandwich, discharged Novem- 23, '65, for disability, 

her 20, '63. Corke, Thomas, Sandwich, transferred to non- 

Fuhr. Adam, Sandwich, mustered out August commissioned staff. 

28, '64. Davis, Washington, Sandwich, mustered out 

Faxon. Samuel, Sandwich, re-enlisted as veteran. July 4, '65, as corporal. 

Gilbert, Franklin, Sandwich, discharged March Estabrook, Edwin, Sandwich, mustered out July 

12, '62. 4, '65, as corporal. 

Godfrey, Charles, Sandwich, mustered out Au- Faxon, Samuel, Sandwich, mustered out July 

gust 28, '64. 4, '65, as sergeant. 

Hamlin, Charles, Sandwich, mustered out Au- Hammer, Francis, Sandwich, mustered out July 

gust 28. '64. 4, '65. 

Hamlin. William H., Sandwich, mustered out Lacey, Michael. Sandwich, mustered out July 4, 

August 28, '64. "65. as sergeant. 



Miller, James. Sandwich, mustered out July 4, 
'65, as sergeant. 

Nanslat, Eugene, Sandwich, mustered out July 
4, '65. as sergeant. 

Eose, Andrew. Sandwich, wounded. 

Stipp, Herman, Sandwich, mustered out July 4. 
'65, as sergeant. 

Van Nostrand. M. P.. Sandwich, transferred to 
non-commissioned staff. 

Wait, Lorenzo. Sandwich, transferred to non- 
commissioned staff. 


Coster, Nicholas, Sandwich, mustered out Sep- 
tember 5, '6 I. 

Davis, Eenry, Sandwich, died May S. '62. 

Dobbin, David, Sandwich, mustered out Septem- 
ber 27, '64. 

Estabrook Adelbert, Sandwich, mustered out 
July 4, '65. 

Gletty, George, Sandwich, mustered out Decem- 
ber 28, '64. 

Gletty, Jacob, Sandwich, died January 29, '62. 

Hough, George A.. Sandwich, discharged Jan- 
uary 19, '63. 

Holden, William, Sandwich, mustered out De- 
cember 28, '6 I. 

Hoefner, Antonio. Sandwich, transferred to Mis- 
sissippi Marine Brigade. 

Latham. Thomas A.. Sandwich, mustered out 
December 28, '64. 

Morrison, Thomas. Sandwich, transferred to 
Mississippi Marine Brigade. 

Seaton, Leonard B., Somonauk, mustered out 
July I. '65. 

Tronslatt, Eugene, Sandwich, re-enlisted as vet- 

The Tenth Illinois Infantry was one of the 
six regiments called for by the governor, formed 
April 16, 1861. The regiment was first engaged 
in the siege of New Madrid, lost their captain. 
Lindsey II. Carr, and two men killed of the 
Sandwich company. They were next engaged at 
[sland No. 10, took part in the movements of 
Pope's army on the advance on Corinth, had a 
brisk fight, forced a passage through four miles 
of swamp, losing several men; garrisoned Fort 
Xegley for a time and was then assigned to the 

Army of the Cumberland in General Thomas 
Corps. They were at the siege of Knoxville and 
were in the army furnishing relief to General 
Burnsides. They re-enlisted as veterans in 1864 
and moved with Sherman's army toward Atlanta. 
Had a stubborn fight at Buzzard's Boost and 
Eesaca, and were present at the fall of Atlanta; 
participated in the battle of Kenesaw Mountain 
and were then attached to the army under Thomas, 
following Hood northward. They again joined the 
army under Sherman, fought at the battle of Ben- 
tonville, and were with the army at Baleigh when 
the war closed. On the 4th of June they proceeded 
to Louisville, Kentucky, and were mustered out 
of service on the 4th of July, 1865, and received 
final discharge and payment July 11, 1865. 



E. F. Hutton. 
P. A. Smith. 

F. W. Partridge. 
X. P.. Mayo. 

T. B. Loring. 
A. J. P.rinkerboir. 
( (eorgc 1 1. ( arpenter. 
Richard A. Smith. 


George A. Daboll. 


Henry T. Porter. 


E. W. Dewey, Sandwich, deserted January 1. 

B. W. Clifford. Piano, promoted second lieuten- 

Zenas S. Harrison. Sandwich, discharged No- 
vember 3. '61, for disability. 

William Wallace. Sandwich, promoted second 


corporals. Orr, Alfred B., Somonauk, discharged Septem- 

ber 8, '63, for disability. 
James M. Dobbin, Preeland, died January 12, Palmer, Camillas L., Squaw Grove, died June 

'63, of wounds. 16, '63. 

William E. Underwood, Sandwich, mustered out Patch, William B., Clinton, deserted March 10, 

January 8, '65, as sergeant. '62. 

Pierce, Benjamin. De Kalb, died January 7, '62. 
musicians. Potter, Thomas B., Somonauk, killed at Chicka- 

saw Bayou, December 29, '62. 
E. T. Bowers, Somonauk, mustered out June 18, Stewart, Daniel, Sandwich, mustered out June 


18, '64. 

S. W. West, Somonauk, mustered out June 18, Van Velz er, Lucien L., De Kalb, deserted April 

'64. 2i > '62- 

Wilcox. Otis. Sandwich, deserted July 4, '61. 


Ankle. Henry, Somonauk, mustered out June 18, 


Alger, William H., Somonauk. transferred to 

Bashew, Joseph M., Sandwich, died January 21, Co ^f^ l > fifty-sixth Illinois Infantry. 

*0'3 of o nds Mullm, John, Sandwich, prisoner, mustered out 

-c- i T • c ri i a. t May 30, '65, as corporal, 

fsish. Lewis, .Squaw Grove, mustered out June jL ' ■ l 

ls - |; | , . , rrapp, Frederick, Somonauk, died March 7, '63. 

Brainard, Jacob, Squaw Grove, mustered out 

June 18, '64. company f. 

Brookins, James. Squaw Grove, mustered out 

June 18, '64. sergeants. 

Doolittle, Marcus B.. Sandwich, died March 7, 

'g3 John S. Harroun, Sycamore, absent; not mus- 

Fitch, Albert C, Somonauk, mustered out June tere d m. 

jg '54 Azro A. Buck, Sycamore, promoted captain. 

Dermis, Lewis, Sandwich, prisoner, mustered Lorenzo H. Whitney, Sycamore, discharged Sep- 

out June 10, '65. tember 10 ^ ' 61 - 

Joles, William. Sandwich, mustered out June 18, Enos c ' hl »'diill, Cortland, mustered out June 


18, '64. 

Judge, Michael, Somonauk. mustered out June Porter D - Hal1 - Cortland, absent, wounded since 

ig q_i November. '63. 

Kelly, James, Somonauk. mustered out June 18. 


Kouth, Michael, Somonauk, deserted July 4, '61. 

Liter, Nicholas. Squaw Grove, mustered out B - vron P - ^^ Sycamore, mustered out June 

June 18, '64. 1S - '' 64 > as first sergeant. 

Tu-n >T - i , n -, Kansom F. Burleigh, Svcamore, mustered out 

Miller, Nicholas, Squaw Grove, mustered out , ,„ ,. , ' 

T • 10 ,,, , . June lb. b4. as sergeant. 

June 18, 64, as corporal ; was a prisoner. ,„.,,. ' _ .° 

„ r „. . , „-,.,,.,,, ,-,,., William S. Smith, Svcamore. died September 

Mullm, Andrew. Sandwich, killed at Chickasaw -,q •/., 

Bayou, December 29, '62. ^ -. -, w ,-., , . , 

Ldward W. Olney, Sycamore, mustered out June 

Mattison. Joseph D., Sandwich, mustered out ig, '64, as sergeant 

June 18, '64. Thomas Hogan, Sycamore, died May 25, '63, of 

Nicholas, Thomas, Somonauk, died August 16, wounds. 

'63. Wesley D. Bussell, Sycamore, died June 26, '63. 


privates. Harrison. Charles, Sycamore, mustered out July 

25, '64. 

Allen, William. Sycamore, mustered out Jun< Hartinan. Philo D., Sycamore, mustered out 

is. '64. June 18, '64. 

Atwood, Morris, Sycamore, discharged Septem- Hevenor. Reuben M., Malta, mustered out June 

ber 9, '63, for disability. 18, '64. 

Babcock. Isaiah. Sycamore, mustered out June, Hill. John. Malta, deserted April 28, "63. 

'6 1. Houghton. Alonzo, Sycamore, mustered out July 

Bradley, Daniel, Sycamore, prisoner, mustered 25, '64. 

out Ma\ 8, "65. Keppell, [saac, Kingston, died May 17. 'til. 

Bryant, Samuel T.. Sj'camore, mustered out Kerr. William C, Sycamore, died January 5, 

dune IS. '64. '63, of wounds. 

Burgess, Lewi-. Cortland, discharged January Loring, Theodore. Cortland, promoted lieuten- 

1. '62. ant. 

Barton. Anthony, Sycamore, mustered out June Losee, Joshua, De Kalb, prisoner, mustered out 

L8, 64. June 6. '65. 

Barnes, Daniel A. A. B.. Sycamore, mustered McLaughlin, Thomas. Sycamore, deserted Feb- 

out June 18, '64. ruary 28, '63. 

(an-. George, Sycamore, prisoner, mustered out Milligan. Robert, Sycamore, deserted April 28, 

June <;. '65. '63. 

Campbell, George. Sycamore, prisoner, mustered Mulligan, Albert, Sycamore, mustered out. June 

..ut June '65 is. '64 

Caswell, Charles II.. Sycamore, mustered out Myers, Frederick C, Sycamore, veteran, pris- 

June I s . '64. oner, mustered out June, '65. 

Clarke, John. Cortland, discharged I'ecember Nagreen, Joseph. Sycamore, absent, sick since 

10, '61. October 21. '63. 

Clewson, Leonard S., Sycamore, mustered out Nichols. John W., Sycamore, mustered out May 

June 18, '64. 30. '65, a? sergeant. 

Coogle, John. Sycamore, deserted August 18, Norris, Sylvester W., Sycamore, mustered out 

'61. June 18, '64 

Courtwright, Cyrenus S., Cortland, mustered Oleson. Hans. Cortland, died November 2. '63, 

out June I s . ill. of wounds. 

Crosby, Charles I.'.. Sycamore, mustered out Orr, Thomas J.. Sycamore, mustered out June 

June 18. '64. 18. '64. 

Culver, Harlan. Cortland, discharged January Orritt. John. Malta, discharged November, '62, 

1. "02. for disability. 

Deily, Jacob S., Sycamore, wounded since De- Partridge. Zelotes B., Sycamore, discharged May 

cember 29, "62. 6. '63. 

Depue. Nicholas, Sycamore, mustered out June p ec k. Charles V., Sycamore, killed af Ringgold, 

18, '64, as corporal. November 27, '63. 


Dolan. Thomas. Sycamore, discharged July 1. Phelps. William A.. Sycamore, mustered out 

June 18, '64. 

Fidermont. Samuel. Sycamore, mustered out Potter. Seneca, Sycamore, discharged July 25. 

June 18, '64. »g2, for disability. 

Candy. Wayne, Cortland, discharged May 4. '63, Ramer. Henry, Pierce, mustered out June 18, 

for disability. '64. 

Goodrich. George. Cortland, died February 16. Robbins. Alfred. Sycamore, discharged October 

'63. 28, "65. 

Greene, Andrew J.. Svcamore. died October 2. Russell, Gustavus F.. Cortland, mustered out 

'62. June 18. '64. 



Siglin, Jacob, Sycamore, discharged September 
12, '61. 

Secord. Francis, Sycamore, sick since October 

I, '63. 

Smith, Henry, Pierce, killed at Ringgold, No- 
vember 27, '62. 

Smith, James M., Sycamore, deserted May 
31, '62. 

Smith, Oliver W., Sycamore, mustered out June 
18, '64. 

Spiking, John H., Sycamore, mustered out June, 

Stafford, Seymour, Sycamore, transferred to In- 
valid Corps. 

Stark, W. H. Cortland, died December 15, '61. 

Thompson, Julius, De Kalb, mustered out 
June, '64. 

Waldron, John, Sycamore, discharged December, 
'62, for disability. 

West, Asa P., Sycamore, discharged June 6, '63, 
for wounds. 

Willis, Moses B., Sycamore, discharged August 

II, '62. 

Wing, Vintner B., Sycamore, died September, 
'62, of wounds. 

Young, John, Sycamore, died January 13, '64, 
of wounds. 


Harrington, Nelson H., Sycamore, corporal, 
transferred to Fifty-sixth Infantry. 

Houghton. Alonzo. Sycamore, transferred to 
Fifty-sixth Illinois Infantry. 

Myers, Frederick, Sycamore, transferred to 
Fifty-sixth Illinois Infantry. 

Orvis, Charles W., Sycamore, transferred to 
Fifty-sixth Illinois, prisoner, mustered out June, 
'65. ' 


Adams, John, Sycamore, mustered out June 18, 
'65, as corporal. 

Burbank, Elbert, Sycamore, mustered out June 
IS, '64. 

Burbank, Horace C, Sycamore, transferred to 
Invalid Corps, September, '63. 

Berogan, John, Pierce. 

Brown, George, Cortland, prisoner, mustered out 
June 6, '65. 

Freeman, William, Sycamore, deserted July 
31, '61. 

Gould. Benjamin L.. Cortland, discharged Jan- 
uary, '63, for disability. 

Harrington, Nelson R., Sycamore, re-enlisted as 

Kingsley, Albert F.. Sycamore, promoted cor- 

Lawrence, John M., Cortland. 

Nichols, Stephen, Sycamore, discharged Febru- 
ary, '63, for disability. 

Orvis, Charles W., Sycamore, re-enlisted as vet- 

Patten, David H., Sycamore, mustered out June 
18, '64. 

Russell, Alphonso, Cortland, killed December 
29, '63, at Chickasaw Bayou. 

Sprague, Edward F., Sycamore, transferred to 
Fifty-sixth Illinois Infantry. 

Upon the 4th of May the president made a new 
call for forty-two thousand more men to serve three 
years and Illinois was given the privilege of fur- 
nishing six regiments of them. Then began such 
a scrambling for the privilege of forming a part 
of these regiments as was probably never seen be- 
fore in any country. Places were sought in these 
regiments with as much avidity as civil offices are 
now struggled for. All manner of schemes, com- 
binations and strategems were used to affect the 
minds of the authorities so as to gain the boon of 
a place in these regiments. 

A convention of claimants for this honor in this 
congressional district was held at Geneva and 
everyone who had any influence or acquaintance 
with any person in authority was urged to attend 
and secure a recognition for these companies. The 
convention accomplished nothing, but soon after an 
order was procured for the creation of one regi- 
ment, the Thirteenth Illinois, in this second con- 
gressional district. Of its ten companies, one from 
Sycamore and one from Sandwich were fortunate 
cm mgh to secure a place and a right to serve their 
country. Most of the companies had been filled up 
to the number of one hundred privates, besides the 
officers, when an order came from the war depart- 



ment, still bent on diminishing the force, to re- 
duce the compnny to eighty-four privates. 

This was a .-ore disappointment to those who 
were excluded. In some of the companies the men 
drew lots to determine who should remain and in 
others by some kind of authority the married men 
of the company were forced to fall out of the 
ranks and stay at home, the single men only being 
accorded the privilege of remaining. It is also a 
noteworthy fact that many men purchased the 
right of those who had been fortunate enough to be 
accepted; paying from twenty to fifty dollars for 
the privilege of taking their places. 

The Sycamore company had for several weeks 
been drilling daily under charge of Z. B. Mayo, a 
decrepit old soldier, who had seen service in the 
Mexican war. and many will recollect how, being 
without arms, they daily went through the manual 
in the streets of Sycamore with broomsticks and 
hoe handles. 

When the permission was really gained to join 
the regiment the people of the place, anxious to do 
something for these men, assembled in the court- 
house and the ladies busily employed them- 
and their sewing machines in making uniforms. 
The citizens were ignorant of any army regula- 
tions of clothing, but gray was thought to be a de- 
sirable color and the boys were equipped in full 
suits of gray, the gifts of the ladies and gentlemen 
of the place. With a vague idea that each com- 
pany required a banner a beautiful silk flag was 
prepared and presented to our company by one of 
the young ladies before an immense i rowd gath- 
ered to witness the novel scene. 

On the 9th of May, 1861, the Thirteenth Regi- 
ment was organized at (amp Dement, Dixon, and 
on the 24th it was mustered into service. It is 
said to have been the first regiment to organize 
under the president's call for three years' men and 
the first to enter the United States service. The 
regiment remained at Dixon for a few weeks en- 
gaged in improving its drill and discipline and here 
lost its first man. Sergeant Berry, a young gentle- 
man of fine promise, who was shot by one of the 
sentinels. The regiment was soon ordered to 
Caseyville, Illinois, and in July moved forward to 
Rolla, Missouri, an important strategic point, the 
termination of a railroad and the depot of sup- 
plies. It was the first regiment to cross the Mis- 
sissippi river and move into the hostile region of 

Missouri. While at this point Captain Z. B. Mayo 
resigned his captaincy and was succeeded by First 
Lieutenant E. F. Dutton. 

Engaged in this duty until October 25th, the 
regiment was then ordered forward to join the 
army which was forming under Fremont at 
Springfield, in southwestern Missouri. The troops 
were still comparatively unused to long niarehes, 
yet they were urged forward with great rapidity, 
marching on the second day thirty-four miles 
and reaching Springfield, a distance of one hun- 
dred miles, in four days. General Fremont, learn- 
ing the speed on which it had come to his assist- 
ance, named it his "Flying Infantry" and noting 
its superior discipline assigned it the highest post 
of honor and danger in his army. 

A young man, Henry Holt, bugler of Major 
Power's Cavalry, attached to the Thirteenth Regi- 
ment, was complaining of feeling rather ill when 
the quartermaster. Captain Henderson, who had a 
passion for aughtlike fun, proposed to bury the 
musician and in the spirit of merriment seized a 
spade and after measuring the complainer dug a 
grave of his exact proportions. The bugler 
laughed, as did his companions, at the humor of 
the officer and soon after went away to discharge 
some duty with which he had been entrusted 
About nine o'clock the same evening Holt was sit- 
ting with seven or eight of his company about a 
camp fire within a few feet of the grave when 
someone pointed to it and remarked in a tone of 
badinage: "Come, Harry, get ready for your 
funeral." The youth looked over his shoulder at 
the gloomy cavity in the earth, put his hand to his 
head and fell from his stool. His companions 
laughed at the little piece of acting, as they sup- 
posed it. and were surprised that he did not rise 
from the earth. They went to him. asking, "Are 
you asleep. Harry?" He made no answer and yet 
his eyes were open. They shook him in vain. His 
friends grew alarmed. One placed his hand upon 
Harry's heart. It was still. He was dead. He had 
perished of a stroke of apoplexy and was buried at 
midnight in the grave made for him in jest by a 
merry hearted friend. And so the droll jest was 
drowned in the hollow sound of the earth upon a 
rude coffin and solemnly waking the stillness of 
the night-morn amid the solitude of a broad prairie 
of the southwest. 



On the 14th of March, 1862, it passed over the 
battle field of Wilson's Creek and on the 17th 
camped on the battle ground of Pea Eidge. The 
ground was strewn with shot, shell and other re- 
mains of the conflict. The odor of the decaying 
bodies was still extremely offensive. In one spot 
the bodies of seventy hostile Indians lay festering 
in corruption. There was such a bitter feeling to- 
ward the savages who had scalped and plundered 
our men that they were refused interment. 

On the 18th the regiment joined Curtis' army, 
but next day moved back again some ten miles, 
Price being reported within twenty miles with 
fifty thousand men. But Price's army was too 
badly shattered by its late terrible conflict to dare 
to attack us. The Thirteenth lay encamped till 
the 8th of April and then commenced a long, 
tedious and laborious movement across the country 
to Helena, Arkansas. No one who was engaged 
upon that terrible march can ever forget its pain- 
ful weariness, the cold, the hunger, the drenching, 
chilling rains, the dangers from flooded rivers, the 
perils from hovering guerillas and armed bands of 
the enemy, the destitution from scanty rations and 
at times from thirst. Terrible sufferings were 
caused during the latter part of the march by this 
cause. The weather had become intensely warm, 
streams were very rare, the rebel inhabitants filled 
up and destroyed their wells upon their approach 
and the troops of the Thirteenth were often with- 
out water for a day at a time. Men could be seen 
struggling along in the intense heat, their tongues 
swollen and hanging out of their mouths. Yet 
guards of United States troops were sent forward 
every day to guard every rebel's house that was 
passed and prevent foraging upon the inhabitants. 
The march lasted for more than three months and 
it was not till the last of July that the army 
reached the Mississippi at Helena and again was 
furnished with the necessaries of existence from 
the stores of the United States. 

On the 22d of December the regiment with an 
immense fleet moved down the Mississippi and on 
the 26th, under convoy of the gunboats, moved up 
the Yazoo river to the attack on the city in the 
east. On the morning of the 27th the whole army 
was drawn up, the Thirteenth, in Steele's division 
on the left. During the afternoon the rebel pickets 
were driven in and the regiment went into camp 
for the night in a furious rainstorm. In the morn- 

ing the regiment was engaged in skirmishing and 
during the afternoon a dashing charge was made 
upon a rebel battery by the Thirteenth and Six- 
teenth Illinois under General Wyman. He had 
placed himself at the head of the Thirteenth and 
the regiment was moving on the battery and had 
arrived at a small bayou, silenced the rebel guns 
upon the opposite side and lay down and began 
bring on the sharpshooters who swarmed in the 
woods. As General Wyman rose up to move among 
his men he was struck by a rebel bullet in the right 
breast and mortally wounded. The fall of the 
General was a terrible shock to the regiment. Sev- 
eral officers rushed to his assistance, but he cried : 
"For God's sake leave me and attend to the men." 
The regiment remained there some time and were 
subsequently moved to another part of the field. 
At this time Porter D. West and Isaiah Babcock 
of Company F were severely wounded. That night 
the men lay on their arms in line of battle, desti- 
tute of blankets, although the water was freezing. 
On the 29th occurred the grand desperate charge 
upon the rebel works on Chickasaw Bayou, in 
which the regiment lost one-third of its number. 

About nine o'clock a line was formed for an 
assault upon the batteries. They stood on emi- 
nences, in horseshoe form and in the terrible abyss 
into which shot and shell from three sides were 
pouring the regiment was formed for a charge. 
There were three brigades and the Thirteenth was 
in the brigade under command of General Frank 
P. Blair. Most of this brigade was composed of 
new troops, so that the veterans of the Thirteenth 
were required to lead the charge. Into all this ter- 
rible storm of shot and shell the Thirteenth 
marched without faltering. They captured two 
lines of rebel rifle pits and when they reached the 
third line very few remained of this brigade but a 
scattered remnant of the Thirteenth. They were 
now within thirty rods of the fortifications. Of 
the six hundred men who started, one hundred and 
seventy-seven were either killed, wounded or cap- 
tured. Of sixty-three men of Company F, twenty- 
two were killed, wounded and missing. Captain 
B. A. Smith, who had gallantly led his company to 
their third rifle pit, lost his arm while in the ad- 
vance, but bound it up and continued with the 
troops until the charge was over. But the Thir- 
teenth were the heroes of the day. They fought 
with magnificent bravery, reckless of all danger. 



No sooner were their lines formed than they fell 
before the pitiless storm of shot and shell like 
grass before the scythe of the mower, yet they held 
their positon like Spartans, although exposed to 
this terrible fire from batteries against which their 
own fire was harmless. The colors of the regiment 
were left upon the field of battle and afterwards 
sent as a trophy to Richmond. They lay there till 
the final capture of the city, when they were found 
by one of the first Union troops who entered and 
were thrown to the breeze — the first Union flag 
that had been seen in that rebel capital since the 
fall of Sumter. 

From Jackson the regiment moved upon Vieks- 
burg and engaged in tin' siege of that place until 
its final fall on July 4, 1863. In the trenches in 
the deadly assault in the dangers and sufferings of 
that long siege the Thirteenth bore its full share, 
and Vieksburg was also inscribed upon its banners 
and its list of triumphs. For a few weeks the regi- 
ment was rested, encamped upon Black river in the 
rear of Vieksburg. There George Carr and Sam- 
uel Bryant were captured by the enemy and for 
iii;iii\ long months endured the horrors of captivity 
in rebel prisons. Then under the greai Sherman 
it moved on to Chattanooga. Arriving at Bridge- 
port, on the Tennessee river. Colonel (iorgas turned 
over the command to Lieut nam Colonel Partridge 
and departed on recruiting service, appearing no 
more with the regimen! until after its active cam- 
paigns had ceasi d. 

In Lookout Mountain the regiment was placed 
in the command of Fighting Joe Hooper and par- 
ticipated in the memorable capture of Lookout 
Mountain, and on the 25th in the still greater vic- 
tory of Mission Ridge, where the Thirteenth cap- 
tured more prisoners of the Eighteenth Alabama 
Regiment than it had men of its own and carried 
off in triumph from the field of battle the flag of 
that regiment. 

The Thirteenth upon that bl ly day at Chicka- 

mauga was the first to engage the enemy and the 
last to leave the field. It was sent forward over an 
open plain to seize an important position. Of 
their service on this occasion General Osterhaus 
officially says: "The Thirteenth Illinois executed 
the order in magnificent style. They charged 
through a hailstorm of balls and gained the posi- 
tion assigned them, held it. although the enemv 
poured a murderous fire into their brave men. both 

from the gorge above and the hill upon the right." 
The rebels rallied and made a desperate charge 
upon its position, but the charge was repelled with 
heroic courage. General Hooker says : "The posi- 
tion was heroically taken and held by that brave 
regiment, it all the time maintaining its position 
with resolution and obstinacy. It has never been 
my fortune to serve with more zealous and devoted 
soldiers.'* Xo small praise, this, from the most 
famous fighting general of the war. 

Manv instances of individual heroism upon this 
oi ea-ion might be related. Patrick Riley, the color 
bearer, while carrying the flag across the open 
plain was struck in the breast and fell to the 
ground, the flag bespattered with blood, hut he still 
held it firm and erect until his successor wa6 
obliged to wrench it from his dying grasp and 
pass on. The regiment gained undying fame by 
its valor at this fight, but it was at a fearful cost. 
It lost in dead and wounded one-seventh of the 
entire loss of the desperate battle, but the victory 
was won and Cleburne driven from his position. 

Among its dead was Major 1). R. Bushnell and 
of Us wounded were Colon 4 Partridge, Captain 
Walter Blanchard and Captain James M. Beards- 
lev. Major Bushnell was a citizen of Sterling, one 
of the noblest and manliest of all our citizen sol- 
diers. His loss was sadly deplored. Captain 
Blanchard, who subsequently died of his wounds, 
was an aged man. a judge of Du Page county 
court and president of the Naperville Bank. He 
had two ^ons in the army, but endured all the 
hardships of the service with a heroism that noth- 
ing could overcome. 

On the L7th of April, when the time of the regi- 
ment would have expired in a week, it was posted 
at Madison Square in Alabama. The rebel Roddy's 
command, outnumbering it five to one. came upon 
it disguised in the blue uniforms of our-own army 
and completely surprised and surrounded it. The 
n L'linent at that this had only three hundred and 
fifty men fit for duty. The rebels had three pieces 
of artillery and fifteen hundred cavalry and infan- 
try. After two hours' hard fighting against these 
odds the regiment was obliged to abandon the sta- 
tion, fighting its way through its foes, losing sixty- 
six men prisoners in their hands. The enemy's 
loss as reported by flag of truce was sixty killed, 
wounded and missing. 



In the summer of 1864, worn down with hazards 
and hardships of three years of very active service, 
having traveled through seven southern states, 
marched more than three thousand miles, fought 
twenty pitched battles and innumerable skirmishes, 
the scarred and war-worn veterans of the Thir- 
teenth Illinois came back to their homes and were 
received with a welcome such as their heroism de- 

A large number of the regiment re-enlisted and 
were consolidated with the Fifty-sixth Illinois In- 
fantry, being there known as Company I, and for 
another year they fought the rebellion till its close. 
Of the remainder of the regiment full one-half 
subsequently re-enlisted in other regiments and 
again took the field. The regiment entered the 
service with one thousand and ten men. It re- 
ceived fifty-five recruits, but when mustered out 
its whole force was five hundred. It had lost from 
the various casualties of war five hundred and 
sixty-five men. 


Benoit, Charles. Somonauk. 
Gibson, Peter, Somonauk. 
Hartley, Robert M., Sandwich. 
Holland, James, Somonauk. 
Marble, Thornton, Somonauk. 
Rolf, Andis, Somonauk. 
Schilling, Thomas, Somonauk. 

Griffin, John J., Mayfield. 
Hancock, Samuel P., Kingston. 
Hepling, John. 
Hollister, Joseph, Kingston. 
Jecklin, Phillip, Kingston. 
Jonty, George, Kingston. 
Miller, Andrew J., Kingston. 
Wooster, Matthew, Kingston. 


Campbell, Javis, Kingston. 
Bootz, Joseph, Kingston. 
Wright, John, Kingston. 


Anderton, Benjamin, Franklin. 

Calhoun, John A. 

Clark, Alanson. 

Cowser, David M. 

Fuller, John M. 

Fuller, Nathan. 

Fuller, Samuel. 

Jones, George. 

Kiplinger, Lewis. 

Palmer, John R., Franklin. 

Sturgis, James B., Franklin. 

Vanwinkle. Athcrton. Franklin. 

White, John IT.. Franklin. 

Wolgamot, Hiram. 



Bastian, Lewis, Somonauk. 

Heucke, Robert. 

Herring, Henry. 

Hess, George J. 

Niedam, Conrad, Somonauk. 

Schultz, Rudolph. 


Biggerstaff, Charles. Franklin. 
Brandon, Thomas F. 
Campbell. Thomas. Kingston. 
Clark, Aaron H., Kingston. 
Cleaver, Charles W., Kingston. 
Corkill, James, Kingston. 
Gibbs, David, Franklin. 

Bollis, Daniel W., Franklin. 
Brewer, Eugene, Paw Paw. 
Conn, Spencer, Paw Paw. 
Crumb, Columbus W., Franklin. 
Dole, John Densmore. Paw Paw. 
Eaton, Charles M. 
Eaton, Orris D., Paw Paw. 
Hunt, Robert J., Paw Paw. 
Hunt, Charles W. 
Jeffs, Henry A.. Franklin. 
Robbins, Daniel F., Clinton. 
Stevens, Andrew R., Franklin. 
Talbot, James, Paw Paw. 
Tiffetts, Josiah 0., Paw Paw. 
Wells, Abner R., Paw Paw. 
Young, Daniel C, Paw Paw. 



Green, John. Somonauk. 
Lipsky, Alexander. 
Metabach, Henry J. 
Tomlin. Alfred, Sandwich. 

Wilson. Arthur W;, Clinton. 


Garland, Manley, Kingston. 


Helm. W. N, Shabbona. 



Jesse D. Butts, De Kalb, resigned April 8, '62. 
Joseph W. Poster, De Kalb, honorably dis- 
charged May 15, '65. 
Eoberl Rainey. 
Joseph Hudson. 


Joseph AV. Foster, De Kail., promoted. 

James X. McClellan, Soutb Grove, term expired 
February 20, '65. 

Jeremiah G. Beard, Somonauk, mustered out as 
sergeant December 16. '65. 


Gilbert 8. Banns. Kingston, died October 24, 

James X. McClellan, South Grove, promoted. 
Abram 0. Garloek. Kingston. 
James Briden. 


James X. McClellan, South Grove, promoted 
second lieutenant. 

Shuin W. King. De Kalb, killed at Chicka- 

maiiu':) September ".'". '63. 


. I nines H. Dupee, Sycamore, re-enlisted as vet- 

Perry Rowan, Franklin, killed at Stone River 
December 31, '62. 


Moses L. Benies. De Kalb, mustered out Septem- 
ber 16, '64, as private. 

Charles H. Stuart, Kingston, mustered out Sep- 
tembi r 16, '6 !. 

Roberl Lenox. D e Kalb, discharged November 
15, "63, for disablity. 

John Lundall, De Kalb, transferred to Veteran 
Reserve Corps March 15, '65. 

I. man II. Needham, De Kalb. died in Ander- 
sonville prison September 1, '64. 

Orlando M. Benson, killed at Stone River De- 
cember 31, '62. 

Hem\ 1'.. Curler, De Kalb, discharged Novem- 
ber 1 I. '62, for disability. 

Stephen Olney, Kingston, discharged February 
1 l. '63, for disabilty. 


Ethan Allen, Sycamore, discharged March 26. 
'62, lor disability. 

Ephraim II. Hornbeek. Mayfield, deserted No- 
«r 7, '61. 


Austin. Amasa C. 

Arst. Frank, Kingston, died at Chattanooga 
March 13/63. 

Alba, George, Pampas, deserted July 3, *G2. 

Aurner, William P.. Kingston, mustered out 
September 16, '64. 

Bate-. Stephen II.. Kingston, discharged May 
12, '62, for disability. 

Barber. Daniel. De Kalb. mustered out Septem- 
ber 16, '64. 

Brainard, Anson. Kingston, died at St. Louis 
December 11. '64. 

Benies. Aaron B., De Kalb, mustered out Sep- 
tember 16, '64. 

Brown. James VV\. Lie Kalb, mustered out Sep- 
tember 18, '64. 

Brigham, Artimus, Somonauk, re-enlisted as 


Brigham, Jeremiah G., Somonauk, re-enlisted as Lender, Peter, Kingston, mustered out Septem- 

veteran. ber 16. '64. 

Collier, John, Kingston, died at Evansville, Id- Martin, Daniel G., Afton, discharged January 

dana, June 11, '62. 16, '64. 

Connaughton, Thomas, Kingston, deserted June McCan, John P., Cortland, mustered out May 

11, -'62. 12, '65. 

Connaughton, Roger, Kingston, deserted June MeGlin, Edward, Afton, deserted June 11, '62. 

11? 62. Miller, August, Afton. transferred to Sappers 

Conner, Alanson, Malta, discharged January 19, and Miners August 29, '61. 

'63, for disability. Mott, William, Sycamore, discharged July 5, 

Campbell, David, Milan, missing after the battle '64, for disability, 

of Chickamauga. Perry, Henry, Sycamore, discharged July 8, '62, 

Decker, William H., Kingston, died at Farming- for disability, 

ton May 29. '62, p clTV , William N.. Sycamore, died at St. Louis, 

Dairs, William, Kingston, died at Tipton, Mis- Missouri, May 23. '62. 

souri, December 4, '61. Perry, Hale, Sycamore, died at Nashville, Ten- 

De LaTour, George W., Milan, transferred to nessee, November 10, '62. 

Company B. Peterson, John, De Kalb, died at Smithton, 

Edmonds, John D., Milan, killed at Chicka- Missouri, January 6, '62. 

mauga September 20, '63. Patterson, John W.. De Kalb, mustered out Sep- 

Edmunds. Edward B., Milan, re-enlisted as vet- tember 16, '64. 

CTan - Redding, John, De Kalb, mustered out Septem- 

Fish, Mortimer A.. Sandwich, mustered out Sep- ber 16, '64. 

tember 16, 64. Roleson, Lewis, Kingston, transferred to Sap- 
Fish, Enos, De Kalb, died at Smithton, Mis- pers and Miners August 29, '61. 

souri, January 11, '62. Russell, Robert W., Genoa, discharged December 

Fish, Chester, De Kalb, transferred to Fifty- 26, '62, to enlist in Sixteenth U. S. 

fifth Illinois Infantry September 5, '61. Rogers, Richard S., South Grove, transferred to 

Fowler, Jay, De Kalb, transferred to Veteran Veteran Reserve Corps July 15, '64. 

Reserve Corps February 22, '64, Rostrop, J. Peters, De Kalb, re-enlisted as vet- 
Frost, George R., Clinton, transferred to Sap- <?ran. 

pers and Miners August 29, '61. St roup. Julius. De Kalb. discharged November 

Garlock, William E., De Kalb, discharged April 25 > ' 62 > to enlist iu Fourth u - S - Cavalry. 

26 '64, as sergeant wounded Stephenson, Francis, De Kalb, mustered out 

Green, Israel J., Sandwich, transferred to Vet- Se P tember 1G - ' 64 - 

eran Reserve Corps February 10, '64. Snell > Benjamin, Mayfield. deserted. 

Gorham, Edward, South Grove, re-enlisted as ~ 3 ' <jl " 

veteran. Sams. Henry, Mayfield, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Hanson, Peter, South Grove, mustered out Sep- Shannon, Gilbert, South Grove, mustered out 

tember 16, '64. September 16. '04. 

Hanncgar, Nathaniel, De Kalb, mustered out Stout - Aaron - De Kalb > discharged January 13, 

October IT. '64. '62. for disability. 

Hendrickson, Oscar, De Kalb, re-enlisted as vet- Tibbetts, Aaron G.. Kingston, discharged July 

eran. 12, '62, for disability. 

Hodges, John H., mustered out September 16, Tyler, William P., De Kalb, died at Tipton, 

'64. Missouri, December 31, '61. 

Kimball. Lorenzo, De Kalb, discharged Novem- Taylor. Joseph, Mayfield, re-enlisted as veteran, 

ber 25, '62, to enlist in Fourth U. S. Cavalry. Vanarsdale, Elias M., Mayfield. 

Kennady, Melvin, Squaw Grove, missing after Vandeburgh, Addison, Mayfield, discharged 

battle of Chickamauga. February 11, '62, for disability. 



Van Ness. Oscar. AI'toD. discharged January 26. 
'62, to enlist in Sixteenth TJ. S. A. 

Walrod, Charles, Afton, discharged March 24. 
'62, for disability. 

Wright, Benjamin, De Kalb, mustered out Sep- 
tember 28, '64. 

Wright, George H., De Kalb, re-enlisted as vet- 

Wright. William. De Kalb. mustered out Sep- 
tember 16, '64. 

Wittemore, Anson W.. De Kalb. discharged 
.March 26, '62, for disability. 

Wilson, Charles S.. Somonauk, mustered out 
September 16, '64. 

Yarwood, N. B.. Kingston, discharged December 
26. '62, to enlist in Sixteenth I". S. A. 


Beard, Jeremiah G., De Kalb. mustered out De- 
ci mber L6, '65, as first sergeant. 

Brigham, Artemus. Victor, mustered out De- 
cember 16, '65, as sergeant. 

Depue, James EL, Sycamore, first -■ rgeant, died 
at home March 22, '6 l. 

Edmonds, Edmond I!.. I >e Kalb. mustered out 
December 16. '65, as corporal. 

Nichols, Charles, De Kalb. mustered out Decem- 
ber 16. '65, as corporal, wounded. 

Sams, Henry, De K'alb. mustered out December 
16, '65. 

Taylor, Joseph, Mayfield, mustered out Septem- 
ber 16, '65, wounded. 

Wright. George II.. De Kalb. mustered out De- 
cembi r 16, '65, as sergeant, wounded. 

The Forty-second Illinois Infantry was organ- 
ized at Chicago, one company being from De Kalb 
county, and was first commanded by J. L. Butts, 
saw service at Island No. 10. joined the army un- 
der Pope and moved to Fort Pillow, saw the siege 
of Corinth, engaged in the battle of Farmington 
and led the advance in pursuit of Beauregard's 
army. Also engaged in the battle of Columbia, 
Tennessee, sustaining heavy loss: was engaged in 
the battle of Stone River and again suffered a loss 
of over two hundred men: was in the battle of 
Chickamauga, losing one hundred and fifty men; 
was engaged in the battle of Mission Ridge, ]«.-i n- 
forty-five men; re-enlisted as veterans in 1864; 
entered the Atlanta campaign : was engaged at 

Resaca, New Hope Church, Pine Mountain, Kene- 
saw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta; was 
in the army under Thomas and was engaged at 
Spring Hill and Franklin, again sustaining a loss 
of one hundred and fifty men; was in the battle 
before Nashville, utterly defeating Hood's army ; 
was mustered out December 16, 1865. 


Montgomery, Robert. Franklin. 
Pearson. Elfred, Franklin. 
Rich. James. Franklin. 


Aiken, William. Kingston. 
Branch. William. 
Foss. Charles E., Franklin. 
Hall, Charles A.. Franklin, 
b'ublston. Hugh A.. Cortland. 


Butterfield. Gilford L., Paw Paw. 
Clark. Daniel. Paw Paw. 
Crocker, Freeman F.. Paw Paw. 
Dow, John W.. Paw Paw. 
Hicks. Willard .T.. Kingston. 
Mely, James. 
Smith, John. De Kalb. 
Tearney, Edward, Clinton. 
Terry, V. J.. Paw Paw. 


Simonds, Henry. 



John S. Brown. Smith Grove, resigned February 
is. '62. 

E. W. Knapp, Sycamore, killed at Shiloh. 


Edward M. Knapp. Sycamore, promoted. 

COL. T. W. II CM I'll WHY. 

iPUB/.ir i 



Erskin M. Hoyt, Sycamore, resigned July 15, 

Oscar W. Phelps, Sycamore, resigned January 
12, '63. 

Albert C. Perry, Sycamore, promoted major. 

Alexander B. Boss, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 


Erskin M. Hoyt, Sycamore, promoted. 
Oscar W. Phelps, Sycamore, promoted. 
Albert C. Perry, Sycamore, promoted. 
John Purcell, South Grove, mustered out as ser- 
geant, July 6, '65. 


Lewis A. Jones, Sycamore, re-enlisted as veteran. 
Alonzo J. Foster, De Kalb. 
Ralph Vanhouten, De Kalb. 
Jerry C. Marvin, Sycamore. 
Alonzo E. Carr. Genoa. 


William H. Simmons, Sycamore. 

Michael Courser, Sycamore. 

Frederick J. Craft. Sycamore, re-enlisted as a 

Leonard J. Stults. De Kalb. 

Albert C. Perry, Sycamore, promoted sergeant 
and second lieutenant. 

Alexander B. Boss, Sycamore, re-enlisted as vet- 

William Fountain, De Kalb, discharged Novem- 
ber 19, '64, term expired. 

Charles White, Sycamore, discharged November 
19, 64. 


C. B. Hoadley, drummer. 

Gorarn B. Smith, De Kalb county (Company 


Abom. Bobert S., Sycamore, deserted December 
12, '63 ; deranged. 

Adams, John Q., Sandwich. 
Ames, Sherman, South Grove. 
Arnold, Bloomer, Sandwich. 
Arnold, James, South Grove, re-enlisted as vet- 

Austin, James, Squaw Grove. 
Baine, John. 
Baker, James 0. 

Bartholomew, Charles, Somonauk. 
Bellinger, George, Sandwich. 
Bemander, Charles, Sycamore. 
Black, Alva M., South Grove. 
Bowley, William, Huntley. 

Bowman, Edward, South Grove, re-enlisted as 

Boylen, Thomas, South Grove, re-enlisted as vet- 

Brisbin, Philander, South Grove, re-enlisted as 

Brown, John J., De Kalb. 

Burns, Michael, Sycamore, discharged Novem- 
ber 19, '64; term expired. 
Campbell, Henry, Sycamore. 
Car-bra-, William"."" 
Carver, Henry, Sycamore. 
Catlin, J. A., Squaw Grove. 
Cheasbro, Joseph M., Sycamore, re-enlisted as 

Cheits, George. 

Chien, John, South Grove, deserted December 

Clemmense, Eli, Sycamore, re-enlisted as vet- 

Clemmense, James, Sycamore, re-enlisted as vet- 

Cochran, Eugene 0. 

Couts, Henry. 

Davenport, William, De Kalb, re-enlisted as vet- 

Deane, David, South Grove. 

Deyoe, William P., South Grove. 

Dickson. Sheriden, Sycamore, re-enlisted as vet- 

Gage, Hiram, Sycamore. 

Gamage, Alden B., Malta, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Garey, James, De Kalb, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Gibbins, George, Sycamore. 

Gieger, George, South Grove, re-enlisted as vet- 

Goran, Smith B., De Kalb county. 



Gould, Luther C, Sycamore. 

Grout, Henry P., Sycamore 

Hall. Reuben G.. Sycamore. 

Hall, William A.. Sycamore. 

Halwaick, Sidney \\ .. Malta, re-enlisted as vet- 

Hoaglen, Michael, South Grove, discharged No- 
vember 19, '64: term expired. 

Hobin, Austin. 

Kanterberger. John. 

Kittle, James, Sycamore. 

McCarty, Allen. Smith Grove, discharged No- 
vember 19, '64; term expired. 

McCurdy, Charles W.. Sandwich. 

Maranville, Irving, De Kalb. 

Milen, Patrick, South Chicago, discharged at 
Geneva, Illinois. 

Morehouse, Charles, Malta. 

Motson, Norman, Squa^ Grove. 

Mudge, Austin. Sandwich. 

Mullen. Martin, South Grove, transferred to 
Company E January 1, '62. 

Odell. Truman ( '.. Sycamore. 

Parke, Isaac. 

Pattie. Oliver. 

Penney. Frederick, South Grove. 

Percell, John. South Grove, re-enlisted as vet- 

Petrie. James, Sycamore. 

Petrie. Joseph. Sycamore. 

Phelps. Oscar W.. Sycamore, promoted sergeant, 
then second lieutenant. 

Pierce. Charles J.. Genoa, discharged November 

19, '6 I ; term expired. 

Ramsey, Fred W. 

Ehoades, Henry. DeKalb. re-enlisted as veteran. 

Rogers. Albert. Sycamore, discharged Novem- 
ber 1!*. '04 ; term expired. 

Rowley, Harrison. 

Rowley. William C. 

Sawles, Charles. 

Scully. James, South Grove, transferred to Com- 
pany E. January 1, '62. 

Seeley. Oscar. Pampas. 

Smith. John. South Grove, discharged December 
16, '61. 

Stanley. Charles M.. Sycamore, re-enlisted as 

Taylor, Daniel. DeKalb, re-enlisted. 

Taylor. Philander. DeKalb. 

Taylor. William. DeKalb. 

Thomas. Leroj E., South Grove, discharged 
November 19, '6 I ; term expired. 
Thompson, Harrison. 
Thompson, William. 
Vanhouten, Bradford, DeKalb. 
Vauhouten, Bradley. DeKalb. 
\ aughan, Delevan H. 
Vaughan, Delos E. 
Walker. George, Sycamore. 
Warenville, Irving. 
William-. Chester E. 
Wills. Stephen A., De Kalb county. 
Winchester, Samuel E.. Squaw Grove. 
Zaelkie, Gustave. 


Arnold. James. Sycamore, mustered out July 6, 

Brisbin, Philander. Sycamore, mustered out 
July 6, '65. 

Bowman. Edward, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Boylen. Thomas. Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65, as corporal. 

Cheasbro, Joseph M., Sycamore, mustered out 
Jul) 6, '65, as sergeant. 

Clemmens, Eli, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Clemmens, James. Sycamore, mustered out July 
il. '(').") : absent without leave. 

Davenport. William. Sycamore, mustered out 
July 6, '65. 

Dickson, Sheriden, Sycamore, mustered out July 
ti. '65. 

Gamage, Alden 1!.. Sycamore, mustered out July 
ti. '65, as sergeant. 

Gary, James, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Geiger, George, Sycamore, mustered out July 6, 
'65, as corporal. 

Hall. William. Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Eatch, Daniel P.. Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Hill. John. Sycamore, mustered out July 6, '65 ; 
was prisoner. 

Halwick. Sydney W.. Sycamore, killed on skir- 
mish line August 20, '64. 



.Tones. Lewis A., Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65, as corporal. 

Lawless, Charles, Sycamore, mustered out July 
(1. '65, as corporal. 

Purcell, John, Sycamore, mustered out July 6, 
'65, as first sergeant. 

Rhoads, Henry, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Ross, Alexander B., Sycamore, mustered out 
July 6, '65, as first lieutenant. 

Stanley, Charles M., Sycamore, mustered out 
July 15, '65; was prisoner. 

Taylor. Daniel, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6. '65. 

Whitehead, Malvin B.. Sycamore, mustered out 
July 6, '65. 


Black. David T., Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Campbell, Andrew J.. Sycamore, mustered out 
July 6, '65. 

Congdon, William, Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Cunningham, Michael. Sycamore, mustered out 
July 6, '65. 

Hall, Reuben G., Sycamore, mustered out July 
0, '65. 

Hampton. Benjamin M.. Sycamore, mustered 
out July 6, '65. 

Morgan, John R., Sycamore, mustered out July 
6, '65. 

Nagle. William, Sycamore, mustered out July 
G, '65. 

The Fifty-second Illinois Infantry was organ- 
ized at Geneva, Kane county, Illinois, by Colonel 
Isaac G. Wilson. Henry Stark, of Sycamore, was 
major, as was also Albert C. Perry, of Sycamore. 
They went into quarters at Benton Barracks, St. 
Louis, Missouri. They embarked for Fort Don- 
elson, arrived the 18th of February, and were 
sent with prisoners to Chicago. March 13th left 
for the Army of the Tennessee and were assigned 
to the Third Brigade under Colonel Sweeney. The 
regiment took a prominent part in the battle of 
Shiloh. April 6 and 7, and lost one hundred and 
seventy men in killed, wounded and missing. 
Major Stark commanded the first day and Cap- 
tain Brown on the second : was at the battle of 

Corinth and again sustained heavy loss; saw serv- 
ice at Iuka, and at Pulaski, Tennessee, did provost 
duty. In May, 1864, they entered upon the At- 
lanta campaign. The regiment participated in 
the battles of Snake Creek Gap, Resaca, Dallas, 
Kenesaw Mountain, and took part in the battles 
before Atlanta. They were with Sherman on the 
march to the sea and in the campaign of the Caro- 
linas, participating in the battle of Bentonville, 
and were at Raleigh when the war was brought to a 


Avery. Alonzo E.. Paw Paw. 
Borin, John T., Clinton. 
Boston, James, Somonauk. 
Burkhardt, Nicholas, Clinton. 
Chapman, Orris, Paw Paw. 
Claud, Prosper, Somonauk. 
Cox, Peter, Clinton. 
Davenport, William, Clinton. 
Dine, John W., Clinton. 
Duncan, Harrison, Clinton. 
Eaton, Clark, Paw Paw. 
Ellis, Dennison, Paw Paw. 
Firkins. William, Paw Paw. 
Gandy, John E., Clinton. 
Griffin, James A., Clinton. 
Halleck, Frank P., Paw Paw. 
Haskell, Orson, Paw Paw. 
Haskell, Orville, Paw Paw. 
Kidd. Albert J., Paw Paw. 
Mitchell. Zaehariah, Somonauk. 
Owen, Morgan, Clinton. 
Potter, John, Somonauk. 
Sullivan, John, Somonauk. 
Williams. Horatio, Somonauk. 
Woods. David M., Clinton. 


Atwood, Amos C, DeKalb. 
Averill, John Q., Mayfield. 
Branfield, Francis, Milan. 
Bridge, Edward, Malta. 
Connaughton, Roger, DeKalb. 
Connaughton, Thomas, DeKalb. 
Crooker, Charles A., Paw Paw. 
Cross, Dewitt C. De Kalb. 

2 1 2 



Downing. Reuben, DeKalb. 
Farwell, George G.. Mayfield. 
Foley, George, DeKalli. 
Gammon, J., Malta. 
Graves, Joseph F., DeKalb. 
Huntington, E. D.. Malta. 
Keyes, William A., DeKalb. 
Lawson, Lawrence, DeKalb. 
Lindsay, Charles, .Malta. 
Lindsay, Oliver, Mayfield. 
Muzzey. Caleb \\\. DeKalb. 
McCarthy, Alexander, Mayfield, died. 
Patterson. Joseph, Mayfield, 'lied. 
Piper. Joseph, Mayfield, died. 
Piper. Samuel, Mayfield, died. 
Ploquett, Henry, Mali;.. 
Robinson, William, Milan. 
Smith. Ashael C. Mayfield. 
Stevenson. William. Mayfield, died. 
Tuitt, Walter. Malta. 
Walrod, Horace, Mayfield. 
Welch, Edward. Malta. 
Wells, Charles <'.. Milan. 
Wing, Turner. Mayfield. 
Wooley, A. M.. Mayfield. 


Balch. William. Somonauk. 
Carr. Robert, Somonauk. 
Cushman, Wesley, Squam Grove. 
Eddy. Charles II.. Squav. Grove. 

Ferguson. John. Somonauk. 
Smith. James P., Somonauk. 
Whitmore, James, Somonauk. 
Pose. Alphonso. Sycamore. 




Isaac Putishauser. Somonauk, honorably dis- 
charged January 27. '65. 


Job Moxom. DeKalb, wounded, resigned March 
2. '6.3. 


George W. Kittell, Shabbona, mustered out; 
time expired. 


Sanford W. Smith, Shabbona. resigned May 

10, '62. 

llenrv Smith. Shabbona. transferred as consoli- 


Karl A. Rutishauser, Somonauk, died of wounds 
St. Louis, Ma\ is. '62. 


Joseph Stauffer, Somonauk. resigned Mm 
21. '62. 




Losle, William. Cortland, sergeant, killed at 
Shiloh, April 6, '62. 

Packard, Dwight, Cortland, killed at Shiloh, 
April 6, '62. 

Packard. W. <>.. Cortland, discharged lor disa- 

c oM PANY C. 

Henry Smith. Shabbona. promoted second lieu- 

Charles 0. Whcaton. Shabbona, discharged foi 
wounds received at Shiloh. 

Josiah C. Wright, Shabbona. discharged April 
10, '63. for disability. 

James M. Pound. Shabbona, died July 29. '62. 

Franklin 0. Stephens, Shabbona. discharged 
June 17. '62, for disability. 




Cyrus A. Nelson, Shabbona, re-enlisted as vet- 

Levi W. Park. Shabbona. deserted January 
31, '65. 

William F. Williams, Shabbona, died June 13, 
'62, of wounds. 

Lyman Grover, Shabbona, re-enlisted as vet- 


Armstrong, Porter, Cortland. 

Baker. John L., Shabbona, discharged for disa- 

Blair, Labon, Shabbona, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Ball, Daniel F.. Shabbona, deserted at Camp 
Douglas, Illinois. 

Club, Charles, Shabbona. 

Cook. Henry H., Shabbona, transferred Janu- 
ary 4, '64, to Battery H, First Missouri Light Ar- 

Curtis, Elijah, Shabbona, mustered out Febru- 
ary 7, '65, as sergeant. 

Cornish, John W., Shabbona, transferred Feb- 
ruary 1, '64, to Battery H, Missouri Light Artil- 

Davis, Harvey M., Shabbona. 

Davis, Joseph, Shabbona, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Damuth, George, Jr., Shabbona, re-enlisted as 

DeWnlf. William. Shabbona. 

Downs, Joe, Shabbona. 

Flick, George, Shabbona, deserted at Camp 
Douglas, Illinois. 

Filkins, Nelson, Shabbona, died at St. Louis. 
May 21, '62. 

Gates, Charles, Shabbona. 

Goodell, Henry C, Shabbona, discharged as a 

Grover, Lyman, Shabbona. 

Grover, James, Shabbona. 

Hamlin, John A., Shabbona. discharged May 
20, '62. 

Hamlin, Horace A., Shabbona. 

Hamm, George, Shabbona. 

Hinds, William W., Shabbona, deserted July 
1, '62. 

Harris, Orange P., Afton. 

Horton, William. Shabbona, re-enlisted as vet- 

Hunt, Theodore H., Shabbona, discharged for 

Johnson, Charles, Shabbona, discharged August 
2.5, '62. for disability. 

Kelly, James, Shabbona, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Kennicott, Daniel, Shabbona. 

Kettle, John L., Shabbona. 

Lumbkins, Josiah, Shabbona, deserted. 

Muzzy, John A., Shabbona, died at Browns- 
ville, Mississippi, March 6, '64. 

Morris, John, Shabbona, mustered out Decem- 
ber 17, '64. 

Moxom, Job, DeKalb. 

Nichols, Byron, Shabbona, died at Paducah, 
Kentucky, January 1. '64. 

Norton, Francis, Shabbona. 

Palm, Dennis G.. Shabbona. 

Perkins, George, Shabbona. re-enlisted as a vet- 

Price, Richard C, Shabbona, deserted. 

Paisley, Sylvester, DeKalb. 

Paisley, William, DeKalb. 

Rose, William H., Shabbona. 

Rutishauser, Isaac. Somonauk. ' 

Ruddy, Anthony, Sahbona, deserted December 
1, '62. 

Scott. Miles D.. Shabbona, deserted. 

Simpson. William. Shabbona. transferred Feb- 
ruary 14. '64, to Battery I\. First Missouri Light 
ArtilliT\ . 

Simpson, Elmer G., Shabbona. 

Shehan. Timothy, Shabbona, re-enlisted as vet- 

Smith. Joseph, Shabbona. 

Todd, Owen, Shabbona, detached in First Mis- 
souri Light Artillery. 

Tompkins. John. Shabbona, deserted. 

Town. Daniel, Shabbona. 

Town, Eussell, Shabbona. 

Hnwin. William, Shabbona. deserted July 20, 

Van Deventer, Erwin, Shabbona, captured at 
Shilo, April 6, '62. 

Van Voltenburg, John, Shabbona, mustered out 
February 7, '65. 

Wigton. Charles C, Shabbona. 

Williams. John, Shabbona. 

Williamson, William, Shabbona. transferred 


January 4. '64, to Battery H, First Missouri Ar- Miller, Eenry, Somonauk, died at Macon, 

tiilery. Georgia, September 24, '62, a prisoner. 

Witherspoon, Edmund. Shabbona, mustered out Seidel, Rudolph, Somonauk. deserted June 20, 

Withers] a, Frederick, Shabbona, discharged '62. 

February 7, '65. 3 ler, Gustavus, Somonauk, mustered out Feb- 

as a minor. ruary 7, "65. 

Whitbeck, James, Shabbona, re-enlisted as vet- 
eran. PRIVATES. 

Woodward. William, Shabbona, deserted July 

20. '62. Anders, Charles, Somonauk. discharged for dis- 

Weston, Edson H.. discharged June 20, '62. for a^ty. 

disability. Bice, Joseph, Somonauk. 

Nelson, Cyrus A.. Shabbona, sergeant trans- Biehlman, Samuel. Somonauk, mustered out 

ferred to Company C, as consolidated. February 7. '65. 

Clapsaddle, Eenry 1... Shabbona. tran-ferred to Bootz. Joseph, Somonauk. mustered out Feb- 

Company C as consolidated. ruary ". '65. 

Dugan. James, Shabbona. discharged November Conway, Denis, Somonauk, died at Camp But- 

;. '63, for disability. ler. Illinois. 

Lilly. Charles, Shabbona. discharged June 1". Doolev. William, Somonauk. discharged De- 

'62, for disability. cember 2. '62, for disability. 

Martin. Daniel. Shabbona. discharged January j} u ], Henry, Somonauk. 

20. '62; minor. Gerold, John, Somonauk, discharged January 

Price. George \\. Shabbona. mustered out Feb- j -,;i ,,, re -enhst in First Missouri Artillery, 

man- T. '65. Graf, Samuel, Somonauk. mustered out Feb- 

Rowe. William II.. Shabbona. transferred to nl;lrv - ■,,.-, 

Company C as consolidated. Goodrich. Christopher. Somonauk. discharged 

Wright, Eugene. Shabbona. f 0I disability. 

Haskin, .lame-. Somonauk, discharged for dis- 

COMPANY D. ability. 

Ilecker. Anton. Somonauk. discharged for dis- 

Brigham, John, Somonauk. mustered out Feb- ability. 

ruary r. '65. Henry. William. Somonauk. discharged for dis- 

Xiellv. Simon, Somonauk, killed at Shilo. April ability. 

g '62 Kn— man. Louis, Somonauk, deserted October 

i:,. '62. 

company E. Lavasin, Joseph, Somonauk. 

Miller. Henry. Somonauk. 
Rutishauser, Carl. Somonauk. 
Seidel, Rudolph. Somonauk. 

Duft. Henrv. Somonauk, died at Macon. Siler, Gustavus, Somonauk 

rgia, October i:, '62, while prisoner. Staler, George Somonauk. 

Haibacl, Philip, s iau k, deserted from Steinbiss Frederick, Somonauk. deserted Feb- 

r. t> ±i tit ruary 15. 63. 

Camp Butler. Illinois. Thompson, William. Somonauk. mustered out 



February : . '65. 

Wehrle, Friedrich, Somonauk. 


Savasin. Joseph. Somonauk, deserted February 
15, '63. 

Wehrle. Friedrich, Somonauk. discharged for 
disability. Bprk - Louis, Somonauk. died at Camp Butler, 



Illinois, May 5, '63. 

Bradley, Edward, Somonauk, died in rebel 

Frank. Philip, Somonauk. re-enlisted as veter- 


Albright, Adelmar, Cortland, deserted June '62. 

Art.lip, Edward, Cortland, deserted January 25, 

Artlip, John, Cortland, discharged July 5, '62, 
for disability. 

Bennett. Joseph, De Kalb. 

Croft, James, Somonauk, deserted May 1, '"62. 

Chamberlain, Ebenezer L., Somonauk, dis- 
charged June 2, '62, disability. 

Erkhort, Daniel, Cortland, deserted February 6, 

Grey, Stephen, Pierceville, deserted September 
1, '62. 

Griffith, Horace, De Kalb. 

Ilaish, Christian, Somonauk. 

Bays, John, De Kalb. 

Hogan. William. Clinton, transferred to Com- 
pany I, January 5, '62. 

Hooker, Lewis A., De Kalb. 

Johnson, Stephen, Pierceville, discharged Jan- 
uary 'G2, for promotion as hospital steward, H. 
S. A. 

Johnson, Sylvester M., Squaw Grove, trans- 
ferred to Company B as consolidated. 

Labrant, Charles. Pierceville, died at St. Louis 
May 12, '62, from wounds. 

Labrant, Jonathan, Pierceville, mustered out 
Februarv 7, '65, as corporal. 

Ott. John P., Genoa. 

Paisley, Sylvester, Genoa. 

Parker, John C, Genoa. 

Ramer, Philip, Pierceville. discharged October 
13. '62, for disability. 

Raymond, Henry E., Cortland, discharged No- 
vember 14. '62. for disability. 

Smith, Moses, Pierceville, discharged January 
8, '6.3, disability. 

Walker, William P. J., Clinton, mustered out 
February 7, '65 ; was prisoner. 

Wells, Royal, Pierceville, re-enlisted as veteran. 

Williams, Henrv, Somonauk. 


Schwartz, Michael, Clinton, deserted April 6, 

Schefnerr, Alonzo. Clinton, mustered out April 
17, '65. 


Chamberlain, Daniel, Somonauk. transferred to 
Company G, January 5, '65. 

Fargo, William P., De Kalb, transferred to 
Comapny G, January 5, '62. 

Griffith, Horace, De Kalb, transferred to Com- 
pany G. January 5, '62. 

Hooker, Lewis H., De Kalb, transferred to Com- 
pany G, January 5. '62. 

Parker, John C, De Kalb, transferred to Com- 
pany G, January 5, '62. 

Paisley, Sylvester, De Kalb, transferred to Com- 
pany G. January 5. '62. 

Turner, Henry, De Kalb, transferred to Com- 
pany G, January 5, '62. 

Walrod, Charles, De Kail), transferred to Com- 
pany G, January 5, '62. 


Davis, Harvey M.. Shabbona. 
Dewolf, William W., Shabbona. 
Gates. Charles. Shabbona. 
Grover, Lyman, Shabbona. 
Ham. George. Shabbona. 
Hamlin, Horace A.. Shabbona. 
Henness, John H.. Franklin. 
Horton, William. Shabbona. 
Kennicott. Daniel. Shabbona. 
Kettle, John N., Shabbona. 
McFalls. Berl D.. Franklin. 
McNabb. David. Franklin. 
Norton, Francis, Shabbona. 
Palm. Dennis G., Shabbona. 
Perkins, George. Shabbona. 
Rowe. William H.. Shabbona. 
Simpson. Elmer D.. Shabbona. 
Smith, Joseph, Shabbona. 
Town, Daniel, Shabbona. 
Town. Russell. Shabbona. 
Whitbeck. James, Shabbona. 
Williams. John. Shabbona. 
Wright. Eugene. Shabbona. 



The Fifty-eighth was recruited at Camp Doug- 
las, Chicago, February 18, 1862; was immediately 
furnished with arm- and started from Cairo 
- midnight with orders to proceed up the 
11 to Smithland, Kentucky, thence up the 
berland to Fort Donelson; was assigned to 
the Second Division under General C. F. Smith: 
from Fort Donelson proceeded up the river to 
Pittsburg Landing, proceeded to change arm-. 
secure transportation and in every way com- 
pleted the organization. On Monday, the 1- o 
April, they were awakened by heavy firing from 
the front, foughi the firsl day at Shiloh, the 
menl standing alone, resisting charge after ch 
made b\ the determined foe. To prevent being 
flanked the order was given to fall back to the 
Ih'ou of the bill in the rear. Arriving there they 
found the enemy in the rear on all sides and the 
en1 < ■ posed to a continue is e. ' >rders 
were given to go forward and cu1 its way out, 
which could ha i done with less I"-- than was 

suffered afterward- in the southern prison. Many 
of i hu :n were captured a few minutes before siv 
o'clock the firsl day. The I"-- in this engagement 
was frightful, amounting in killed, wounded 
prisoners, more than four bundled and fiftj men. 
more than three-fourths taken prisoners were 
wounded and only two hundred and eighteen were 
left to surrender. Thi I holding its | 

tion so long was undoubtei s^reai measure 

the sal hi 'in of the armj Suffi ag all the hard- 
ships and privation which the rebel- knew so well 
how to inflict upon their helpless victims the 
prisoners, or what was left of them, one hundred 
and thirty men. were paroled and allowed ' 
north. The few men lefl in camp were stri i 
ened bi men returning from the hospital and 
as rei ruits and participated with credit in tin 
skirmishes and battle- consequenl to the siege of 
Corinth; was engaged in the battle of luka. was 
sent in ('amp Butler for the p recruit- 

ing and guarding rebel pi They after- 

ward garrisoned Mound City, Illinois, and Pa- 
ducah, Kentucky. Thej were engaged in the bat- 
tle of Pleasant Hill under General Banks, where 

thej signally defeated tl nemy. They charged 

the enemy on the second day. poured upon thi m 
an enfilading lire, which at once turned their 
Hank. Following up this charge the Fifty-eighth 
captured nne hundred and fifty prisoners and re- 

captured a battery, belonging to the United 

States First Artillery, which had been taken fi 

General Banks" troops. In this enagement the 
loss was heavy. The utmost gallantry was shown 
by both officers and men and to the Fifty-eighth 
is due the i of having given the first check 
to the foe, having taken five-sixths of the pris- 
oners captured during the engagement. This regi- 
menl was mustered out .ii Montgomery, Alabama. 
April 6, 1866, and ordered to Springfield for final 
payment and discharge. 


ri;i\ vi r.s. 

Van Amberg, James, Sycamore. 

Atw 1. Hosea W., Sycamore. 

Coles. William T.. Sycamore. 
( look, U i-le\ II.. Sycamore. 

Fannio, Jol n, v i a re 

Griff, Joseph, Malta. 
Holderness, George G., Malta. 
London, Abraham I... Sycamore. 

on, Lew i-. s ,, eamore. 
Lyons, Benjamin, Sycamore. 
Muzzey. Benjamin. De Kalb. 
Knapp, Alvirus, Si i a n 
Petrie. John I.'.. Sycamore. 
Putnam, < Ihristopher \V.. Sycamoi 
Robbins, Francis, De Kalb. 

Sepp. ('barb-. S\can 

- PPj George B., S i in 
Winans, Edward R., Sycamore. 

Thi Sixty-fifth Regiment was known as the 
Scotch Regiment and was organized at Camp 
Douglas, Chicago. Illinois, in the spring of 1362 
■ Colonel Daniel Cameron. This regiment wa- 
il to Martinsburg, Virginia, and briga 
with the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth New 
York in Artillery M. Second Illinois Artillery 
i Colonel Miles. When Colonel Miles sur- 
rendered at Harper's Ferry, the Sixty-fifth were 
made prisoners by the enemy. On the succeed- 
iii was paroled and sent to Chi- 
wbere it remained until April. 1863, when, 
being exchanged, it moved to the Army of the 
Eastern Kentucky, served during the campaign 
in East Tennessee, taking part in battles from 
November 25-29 in defense of Knoxville. The 



enemy under Longstreet was repulsed with great 
loss. After a severe winter and campaign, the 
Sixty-fifth re-enlisted as a veteran organization. 
They then joined General Sherman's Army and 
engaged in the battle of Kenesaw and Lost Moun- 
tains. On the 19th of June the advance was 
checked by a deep and almost impassable creek, 
the enemy disputing the passage of the only bridge 
with the artillery. 

Volunteers being called for about fifty men 
of the Sixty-fifth Illinois stepped forward and 
charged across the bridge, driving the enemy 
back and holding the position until the remain- 
der of the regiment crossed. They participated 
in the battle of Jonesboro and pursued Hood's 
army from Atlanta to Rome. Kingston, Resaca, 
Altoona and Gaylesville. The Scotch regiment 
was engaged in the battle of Franklin and suffered 
severe loss but more than two hundred dead and 
wounded rebels covered the ground in front of the 
Sixty-fifth Illinois. This regiment captured the 
colors of the Fifteenth Mississippi Infantry. Dur- 
ing the night it fell back to Nashville. December 
15 and 16 the regiment participated in the battle 
of Nashville, afterwards pursued Hood's army to 
Clifton, Tennessee, where the regiment remained 
until January 15, 1865. They then took boat 
from Clifton, Tennessee, to Cincinnati, thence by 
rail to Washington and Annapolis and embarked 
for Wilmington, North Carolina, landed at 
Federal Point. February 7, and engaged in heavy 
skirmishing there, crossed the Cape Fear river 
and flanked the enemy out of Fort Anderson. On 
the 20th it fought the enemy at Smithtown 
Creek, capturing three pieces of artillery and 
three hundred and fifty men. The regiment then 
inarched to Goldsboro, North Carolina, where it 
remained until the surrender of Johnston's army. 
On July 13, 1865. the regiment was mustered out 
and arrived in Chicago the latter part of the 
month, reeciving final payment and discharge July 
26, 1865. 


Allen. Alonzo E.. Franklin. 
Harvey, Asa M., Franklin. 
Neiver, George W., Franklin. 
O'Neil, Aaron. 0. 
Timothy, Charles D.. Franklin. 
Vanorsdale. Emanuel, Franklin. 


Smith, Legrand, Somonauk. 
Warner, Henry H., Victor. 
Potter, Nelson. Victor. 
Dale, Arthur, Victor. 


Shepherd. David N., Malta. 
Kelly, Patrick, Malta. 


Thomas W. Humphrey, Franklin. 


Arbuckle. Benson B., Kingston. 
Bell. George M., Kingston. 
Brainerd, Eli, Kingston. 
Garland, W. H., Franklin. 
Gleason, Charles II., Kingston. 
Heckman. John, Kingston. 
Hudson, Hiram, Kingston. 
Lankton, Abry, Kingston. 
Morrison, John, Franklin. 
Mullen, Charles C, Genoa. 
Perry. William P.. Kingston. 
Potter, Henry L.. Kingston. 
Randall, Melvin A., Franklin. 
Robb, Washington, Kingston. 
Robbins. James S.. Kingston. 
Russell. Sylvester S., Kingston. 
Saum, William M., Kingston. 
Walter. William H., Genoa. 
Ward. Joseph H., Franklin. 
Wilkie. David. Kingston. 
Hardy, Sanford, Genoa. 


Sketch of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment 
Illinois Infantry Volunteers, from its Organiza- 
tion in the Fall of 1862 Until its Final Dis- 
charge from the United States Service in 1865. 

In response to the call of President Lincoln for 
six hundred thousand more men to aid in putting 



down armed rebellion against the Xational Gov- 
ernment, the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment, 
Illinois Infantry YJimteeers. was formed, em- 
bracing ten companies, of which six were composed 
of volunteers from De Kalb and four from Da 
Page counties respectively. 

We have given the record of this regiment more 
complete because the only full account of the rec- 
ord made by this gallant body of De Kalb county 
boys has been given by H. L. Boies in his Historv 
of DeKalb County. 

There are regimental histories of the other regi- 
ments which are before us, so it is with pleasure 
that we acknowledge our dependence upon Mr. 
Boies" history for this account of the 105th Illi- 
nois Volunteers.. 

The men were enlisted in July and August, 
L862, and went into camp at Dixon, Illinois, on 
the 29th day of the latter month, where they ren- 
dezvoused until the preliminaries incident to effec- 
tive organization were gone through with. All the 
line officers were elected by the unanimous vote 
of the respective companies and each of the field 
and staff officers received every vote in the entire 

The regiment was mustered into service Septem- 
ber 2, 1862, with nine hundred and fifty-four men. 
Colonel Daniel Dustin having been by its wisdom 
and with enthusiasm elected and welcomed as its 
commanding officer. The colonel entered the serv- 
ice in August. 1861, in the Eighth Illinois cav- 
alry, as captain of Company L, which was raised 
in De Kalb county. He had been promoted majoi 
and served with his regiment in the campaign on 
the peninsular. 

For lieutenant-colonel and major the One Hun- 
dred and Fifth selected Henry F. Yallette of Du 
Page county, and Everell F. Dutton, of De Kalb. 
the latter having been Brsi lieutenant of Company 
F in the Thirteenth Illinois Infantry, volunti — . 
which company also recruited in De Kalb county 
ii April. 1861. He had been promoted captain 
of his company in August. 1861, and was with 
the Thirteenth in all the severe marches through 
Missouri and into Arkansas under General Curtis. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Yallette had not before been in 
the service. Lieutenant-Colonel Yallette and 
Major Dutton are in stature something over 

e and six feet respectively: the former of 
light frame, the latter large and command- 

ing. Both are active in their movements 
the major being particularly noted for those 
qualities characteristic of the dashing soldier. 

The regiment was mustered in by Captain Barri, 
of the regular army, at Dixon, as before indicated. 
Companies A. C, E, G. H and K being recruited 
from De Kalb county and companies B, D, F and 
I from Du Page. The following were the officers 
mustered at the time of organization : 


Colonel Daniel Dustin 

Lieutenant colonel Henry F. Yallette 

Major Everell F. Dutton 

Adjutant William X. Phillips 

Quartermaster Timothy Wells 

Su rgeon Horace S. Potter 

Assistant surgeon Alfred Waterman 

Chaplain Levi P. Crawford 


( laptain Henry D. Brown 

First lieutenant George B. Heath 

Sei ond lieutenant Robert D. Lord 


I aptain Theodore S. Rogers 

I'ii -i lieutenant Lucius B. Church 

Si i ond Lieutenant Willard Scott, Jr. 


< laptain '. . .Alexander L. Warnei 

l'li-i lieutenant George W. Field 

Second lieutenant Henry B. Mason 


Captain Amos C. Graves 

First lieutenant William H. Jeffries 

Second lieutenant Luther L. Peaslee 


< laptain Thomas S. Ferry 

Fust lieutenant Marvin Y. Allen 

Second lieutenant Albert C. Overton 


('aptain Seth F. Daniels 

First lieutenant Samuel Adam? 

Second lieutenant Porter Warner 


Captain John B. Xash 

First lieutenant Richard R. Woodruff 

Second lieutenant John M. Smith 


Captain Eli Hunt 

First lieutenant James S. Forsythe 

Second lieutenant Charles G. Culver- 




Captain Enos Jones 

First lieutenant William 0. Locke 

Second lieutenant Augustus H. Fischei 


Captain Horace Austin 

First lieutenant Nathan S. Greenwood 

Second lieutenant Almon F. Parke 

The men were here inducted into the A. B. C 

of the service by the officers, according to "tac- 
tics," taking the first position of the soldier and 
going through the first exercises of squad drill. 

About the time the boys began to experience the 
sensations peculiar to raw recruits, just entering 
on a change of life and diet, the regiment was or- 
dered to Camp Douglas, Chicago, where, from the 
8th to the last of September, it was busily en- 
gaged in securing clothing, camp and garrison 
equipage. While at Camp Douglas the regiment 
was numerously visited by its friends, who came 
to see how the boys looked "in camp," and to ex- 
change a few more words of parting. 

. The regiment was presented with a beautiful 
stand of colors, by Hons. T. B. Bryan and H. C. 
Childs. of DuPage, upon wnose folds were in- 
scribed, in golden letters, "Strike together" — words 
destined to become actualized in the conduct or 
the men before the enemy. 

On the 30th of September, 1862, under orders 
from the governor of Illinois, the regiment left 
Chicago for Louisville, arriving there October 2d. 
At Jeffersonville, Indiana, the men were armed 
with the "Austrian rifled musket," an inferior 
weapon. Reporting to General Dumont, the regi- 
ment was attached to a division then under his 
command and to a brigade under the command of 
Brigadier General W. T. Ward. 

At this point the trials and hardships of active 
soldiering began, as the boys of the new regiment 
were immediately called upon to execute a forced 
march to Shelbyville. Ky., carrying knapsack? 
heavily stuffed, four days rations in haversacks, 
musket in hand, and sixty rounds of ammunition. 
Leaving Louisville on the day following their ar- 
rival at that point, the regiment arrived at Shel- 
byville on the 4th of October, having marched 
about thirty-six miles in twenty-four hours. For 
green troops who had never marched a day or an 
hour before, this was a hard beginning. Although 
only the first, it was the last march of some of the 

men. Left Shelbyville on the 8th and entered 
Frankfort at 4. a. m. on the 9th. The movement 
was made with the entire division. 

The 105th (and the division) remained ar 
Frankfort seventeen days, during which time it 
was engaged in guard and picket duty, with oc- 
casional slight skirmishing with the enemy, per- 
forming drill duty daily, and executing a counter 
raid upon John Morgan and his command, march- 
ing to Lawrenceburg and returning to Frankfort. 
a distance of about twenty-eight miles in about 
twenty hours. 

Frankfort, the capital of Kentucky, was an in- 
teresting point to the soldiers who were so fortu- 
nate as to rest there. It is situated on the east 
bank of the Kentucky river, sixty miles above its 
entrance into the Ohio. The site of the town is a 
deep valley, surrounded by precipitous hills. The 
iivcr flows in deep limestone banks, the quarries 
of which yield a fine stone or marble of which many 
of the houses are built. It contains a State-hous3 : 
Court-house and other official buildings, with many 
handsome private dwellings and a population 
of some three or four thousand. In the beautiful 
cemetery, near the city, are the gTaves of many 
of Kentucky's prominent dead;. many soldiers of 
the Mexican war, and the tomb of Daniel Boone 
the old pioneer. 

Here the regiment became thinned out somewhat 
by diseases peculiar to camp life. Many had to 
be left behind when the i-egiment moved on for 
Bowling Green, which it did, together with the 
division, on the 26th of October, arriving at that 
point November 4th. The boys still unused to 
military duty, and poorly prepared to endure i 
forced march of so great length, were^ neverthe- 
less, rushed through on foot — as from Louisville 
to Shelbyville, with heavy loads — a distance of 
154 miles, in ten days. The weather was warm 
and the roads dusty during the latter part of 
the march, which added greatly to its trials. Think 
of a column of troops, already jaded, with ex- 
hausted and chafed bodies, literally enveloped in 
dust, so that one man could not see three ranks 
ahead of him, much less distinguish one comrade 
from another ! 

The night before they started upon this march 
a furious snow-storm visited Frankfort and neigh- 
borhood, making the pulling down of tents and the 
packing of camp equipage in the morning, a cold 



and cheerless task. The troops left Frankfort In 
three inches of snow, but with confidence in their 
ability to endure any hardships after undergoing 
the severities of the forced march from Louisville 
to Shelbyville. Leaving Frankfort on the 26th, ss 
before mentioned, the command moved about twen- 
ty miles and camped at Salt river. On the 27th. 
passed through a small place called "Dogwalk."' 
On the 28th, passed through Johnsonville. and 
Chaplin Hill, camping at Sugar Grove. Passed 
through Bloomfield and Bardstown on the 29th, 
camping one mile beyond the latter place. Peach- 
ed New Haven on the 30th, and on the 31st passed 
near Hodgkinsville, and the birthplace of Abraham 
Lincoln. November 1st, reached Bacon Creek sta- 
tion, on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, 
leaving the sick and sore to be sen! forward by rail. 
November 2d. passed through Mumfordsville and 
crossed Green river, camping at Eorse Cave. Tin 
Cave was numerously visited by the soldiers an.* 
pronounced a very interesting natural curiosity, [t 
lies deep down in the bowels of the earth, with j 
round entrance like the mouth of Jonah's Whale. 
In its interior is a stream — a deep, small, silenl 
vein of pure water, coursing beyond the vision of 
the seers of Horse Cave village. On the 3d, pa 
ii. ii- the I ;i n Kins Mammoth Cave, camping within 
a day's march of Bowling Green. Arrived a: 

Bowling G n on the -1th. camping at Lost River. 

several miles southwest of the town. A small 
-i nam. losing itself in the broad mouth of an- 
other of Kentucky's underground passages, was th 
of this encampment. 

As already indicated, this was a hard march. 
The officers and men endured it with commend- 
able patience, arriving at their destination ex- 
hausted and footsore. 

Eere the regiment remained one week, drilling 
daily. On the 9th, the division was reviewed by 
Major General Rosecrans. Riding up to the 105th 
during the review, the General, after being saluted, 
sai.l : "Men of the 105th. when yon go into battle, 
fire deliberately and aim low. Remember, that il 
. ai h of you hits a man you will kill and cripple 
a great many. Tt is a short lesson, and I hope 
\..u will remember it." 

The boys enjoyed the brief res! at this point, 
iin.l under direction of their good Colonel and 
faithful officers, rapidly improved in the school of 
the soldier. 

Here we had an opportunity of entering and 
exploring Lost River Cave. One day a party 
equipped with candles and matches, penetrated far 
into the interior, crawling through circular open- 
ings to its series of chambers, or tracing the mean- 
dering passage which holds in everlasting embrace 
the little river that is "Lost." The chambers near 
tin' entrance to the Cave are oblong, witn arched 
ceilings, and barely admitting a man in uprigut 
posture. They are empty and unornamented. But 
the passage in which the stream flows is broad, 
and high enough to admit the tallest man, the 
ceiling in dome-like form, rising in many places 
so high as to render its outlines scarcely visible 
without the aid of strong lights. For two hundred 
yards the party picked their way, now and then 
climbing over rocky places, and on bare ground 
i re iding tin- narrow shore. The sound ..f \..u-e- 
\ibrated with thrilling effect in the deep recesses 
. E the dark cavern. 

The pleasant encampment at Lost River ende 1 
on the morning of November 11th, the division 
having been ordered to Scottsville, the county seal 
of Allen county, a small town of about two hun- 
dred inhabitants. The regiment arrived on the 
evening of the 12th. and camped near the town. 
Until the 25th, the regiment remained at this 
point, engaged in drill and guard duty. Here 
the troops were required to turn out at 5 o'clock 
in the morning and stand at arms until sunrise 
Tin- was a precautionary practice 

The boys by this time spent nearly all the mone\ 
they had received on entering the service, and were 
compelled to use postage stamps as currency. In 
trading with the most ignorant of the name- 
about Scottsville. they passed old stamps and labels 
for money. For instance, a "one cent" pain killer 
label, from a bottle of Perry Davis' or anybody 
else's -|" ii iii.. would pass i|uite readily for a "one 
dollar." Thus many seen red the luxuries of the 
country thereabouts, such as pies, cakes, eggs, or 
anything else eatable. 

"While here, the 105th, together with a section of 
a battery, executed a sort of mock battle, the for- 
mer manoeuvering and charging before the latter 
while firing blank cartridges. The battle was 
spirited, and admirably conducted by Colonel Du=- 
1 in and the commanding officers of the battery. 

The first changes among commissioned officers 



occurred November and December, 1862, as fol- 
lows : 

Captain Horace Austin, Company K, of De- 
Kalb, resigned November 26th, First Lieutenant 
Nathan S. Greenwood, of Clinton, succeeding as 

Adjutant William N. Phillips, of Wayne, Dili 
Page, resigned December 2nd; Sergeant Major 
David D. Chandler, of DeKalb, succeeding as adju- 

Chaplain Levi P. Crawford, of Sandwich, De- 
Kalb, resigned December 24th; Daniel Chapmai 
succeeding as chaplain. 

Second Lieutenant Eobert D. Lord, of Geneva 
Company A, resigned December 17th; Sergeart 
William B, Thomas, of Sycamore, succeeding as 
Second Lieutenant, 

First Lieutenant Kichard B, Woodruff, Com- 
pany G, of Sycamore, resigned December 24th; 
Second Lieutenant John M. Smith, of Burlington. 
Kane County, succeeding as first lieutenant. 

Captain Eli L. Hunt, Company K, of Sandwich, 
resigned December 17th; First Lieutenant James 
S. Forsythe, of Somonauk, succeeding as captain. 

Captain Enos Jones, Company I. of Milton, Du- 
Page, resigned December 17th; First Lieutenant. 
William 0. Locke, of Addison, succeeding as cap- 

In the above instances, promotions were made 
according to rank in the filling of vacancies. 

On the 25th moved to Gallatin, Tennessee, ar- 
riving on the 26th. Gallatin is a pleasant place, 
of about two thousand inhabitants, the county seat 
of Sumner county, on the Louisville and Nash- 
ville, twenty-five miles north. 

The brigade to which the regiment was attached 
embraced the following regiments: 70th Indiana, 
105th, 102d, 129th Illinois and 79th Ohio. About 
the 10th of December, the brigade was ordered into 
winter quarters at Gallatin, except the 105th. 
which on the 11th moved to South Tunnel, six 
miles north of Gallatin, relieving an entire brigade 
of Ohio troops, under command of General Stead- 
man. Here the regiment remained until the 1st 
of February, 1863, except Company A, Captain 
Brown, which was stationed during the winter a1 
a railway bridge half way between the tunnel and 
Gallatin, during which time constant scouting duty 
was performed. Much sickness prevailed, and 
many deaths occurred. The camp was located on 

high, but soft ground, near the mouth of the tun- 
nel — really on the side of a mountain, whose lofty 
summit overlooked the camp and railway station 
to the north. This position was the scene of much 
suffering, and varied and wearisome duties. The 
regimental Surgeon H. S. Potter, and Assistant 
Surgeon George W. Boggs, though among the best 
medical officers of the department, could hardly 
stem the tide of disease, which seemed to sweep 
through the camp at times with the fatality of an 
epidemic. The chief Surgeon himself narrowly es- 
caped death by disease. 

First Assistant Surgeon Alfred Waterman had 

I n assigned to the smallpox hospital, at Bowling 

Green, immediately after the arrival of the regi- 
ment at that point. This was the scene of his own 
severe illness, as well as important service. Ee- 
mained there until about the 18th of February, 
1863, when he returned to the regiment, then at 
Gallatin. He escaped the horrors of South Tun- 
nel, but not the horrors of Bowling Green, which 
seemed to be all hospital and nothing else. The 
regiment lost a few men there. 

Eight here let us remark concerning the chief 
surgeon of the 105th, and the assistant surgeons, 
that in the exigencies of every situation they wen 
found to be men of sterling integrity and large 
capacity. Surgeon Potter was a gentleman of fine 
sensibilities, and on all occasions manifested a will- 
ingness to go to the end of his powers of endur- 
ance in order that nothing it was possible for him 
to do might be left undone. 

First Assistant Surgeon Waterman, an officer 
of stronger physical powers and great activity, af- 
terward became chief surgeon, filling up the meas- 
ure of his duties in whatever sphere he was called 
to act. 

Second assistant surgeon — afterward first assist- 
ant — George W. Boggs, a young officer of decided 
skill, filled his position in the most creditable 

Grim death bore away from that mountain 
height at South Tunnel many a gallant soldier, 
and some friends visiting the regiment from homes 
in the North, arrived after their boys had been 
buried. Henry S. Kingsley, an honorable and 
talented young member of Company F. Captain 
Daniels' company, died of typhoid fever. His 
father, Eev. Mr. Kingsley, hearing of his sickness, 
came all the way from Cook countv. III., to Galla- 



tin. Tenn., only to learn that his boy was dead 
and buried some hours before his arrival. 

The regiment was ordered back to Gallatin, 
February 1, 1863, where it remained with the bri- 
gade until the last of .May. On the 14th day of 
March, Companies, D, I-'. II and G were detailed 
as provosi guard, and performed that duty credit- 
ably, making friends of the citizens of Gallatin by 
their steady habits and good behavior. 

Dp to this period — May. 1863 — the regiment 
had Lost 205 men, died and discharged on account 
of disability. But for the exposure and the severe 
marches it had undergone^ the larger portion of 
those who died and those discharged, would have 
been numbered among the effective force of the 
oi ganization. 

During the sis months stop at Gallatin and the 
Tunnel, cinlmg the 1st of June, 1863, the regi- 
ii 1. 'in performed a greal amount of hard labor. 
constructing earthworks, scouting, clearing the 
country of bushwhacker-, gathering forage, horses, 
etc., and capturing rebels. Major Dutton had 
ge of all the scouts -fifty from each regiment 
of the post — riding night and day for weeks 
through the c Ltry, ai one time ( -May 1!' |, mak- 
ing quite a capture of prisoners on the south side 
of the Cumberland River, attended with a skirm- 
ish, during which a Lieutenant Record, of the 70th 
Indiana, was wounded. At another tune the Major 
captured, and brought in. seventy-eight bales of 
cotton, from across the river, fifty horses and 
mules, and several rebel-. 

The Gallatin printing office was place. 1 in charge 
of Private Ogden Whitlock of Company F. 105th, 
by Major Scarritt, provost marshal under General 
Paine, post commander. Private Whitlock acted 
as post printer, turning out a large amount cf 
Government printing in the shape of job work, 
and together with Sergeant .T. E. Ilarroun, of the 
102d Illinois, as senior editor, and Privates Bell 
and Patrick, of the I02d, and Company A. 105th. 
respectively, published a well-filled ami well- 
edited six column weekh paper called the Courier, 
which enjoyed a circulation of 1,200, having main- 
northern exchanges, and receiving complimentary 
notices from such paper- a- the Indianapolis Daily 
Journal, Gazette, Weekly Chicago Covenant, Syca- 
more Republican, Wheaton Illinoian, Xashville 
Tenn.. Daily Union, Elgin, 111.. Gazette, Salem, 
0., Republican, Aledo. 111.. Eecord and many other 

prints; al-o a sarcastic notice from the Louisville 

We have not yet mentioned the fact of the disso- 
lution of lien. Dumont's division to which the 
[•eiriiucnt wa- assigned at Louisville. On the 7th 
day of December, 1862, the 39th brigade, which 
was in the division, and commanded by Colonel 
M e. of the 104th Illinois Volunteers, was cap- 
tured at Ilartsville. Tenn. This event seemed to 
disgrace, or at least, was disastrous to the division, 
a.- immediately thereafter, one brigade — the 40th 
— was assigned to General Reynolds, and Ward's 
brigade assigned to General E. A. Paine, com- 
mander of the post at Gallatin. 

Lieutenant Colonel Vallette filled the position 
of provosi marshal for some time at Gallatin, and 
Captain A. C. Graves of Company P. hail charge 

bf provosi guard. 

Many of the officers and men received leave of 
absi ace Erom that point, visiting their homes ami 
returning to the regiment, bearing letters and 
packages to those who remained with the com- 

Second Lieutenant Wm. P. Thomas, promoted 
from first sergeant, Company A, was assigned to 
i in position of A. A. G., on Stall' id' General W. 
T. Ward, commanding the brigade, then called the 
8th, a position which he tilled with credit to him- 
self, reflecting honor on the 105th. He was after- 
ward confirmed a- a -tail officer by authority of 
the president of tin- United States, which posi- 
tion be retained during the remainder of his term 

ol -en iee. 

First Lieutenant L. B. Church, promoted from 
- I lieutenant Company B. afterwards pro- 
moted i<> captain — was detailed on tin -tall of 
General Ward as A. I>. ('.. and subsequently on 
the stall' of General Paine, as A. D. ('.. which po- 
sition he assumed to the entire satisfaction of the 
commanding ofiBcers in particular ami the com- 
mand in general. Lieutenant Church was an 
officer ami gentleman of more than usual popular- 
ity, on account of In- uniform conviviality and 
bis wonderful talent for singing. He has charmed 
the senses of thousands in and out of the army 
by his magic voice. To the 105th be was a tow-»r 
of strength: as a natural born singer, he pos- 
5i ssed in ample measure the power to soothe and 
thrill with concordant sounds the spirits of its 
every member. Stand him on a barrel in the 



streets of Gallatin or in any of the camps, and 
he would bring every regiment and every detach- 
ment within the radius of a mile inside the circle 
of his song vibrations. "The Sword of Bunker 
Hill," "Bed, White and Blue," "Old Shady," and 
other popular airs were rendered with great en- 
ergy and effect. 

The 105th was distinguished for its musical 
characters — perhaps more than any other regiment 
in the whole department. Colonel Dustin, Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Vallette, Major Dutton, Assistant 
Surgeon Waterman, and Lieutenant Heath, of 
Company A, were singers also. They participated 
in the exercises of a grand concert given at Galla- 
tin by a combination of singers and musicians of 
the 8th brigade, on the evening of April 22, 1863. 
The entertainment was a splendid affair, and had 
to be repeated the second evening following. The 
Gallatin Courier in making an extended notice of 
the concert of the 22d, said : "The entertainment 
was a highly successful one in all respects, and 
will be remembered as one of the brightest inci- 
dents in the army, long after the scenes through 
which we are passing have flown." Among the 
line officers and enlisted men there were also 
many singers, and good musicians. 

The Begimental Band, with Drum-Major Mor- 
rel Fuller and Fife-Major Walter Van Velzer at 
its head, became justly noted in the army for 
clever manipulations on the drum and fife. Be- 
ing expert performers on the violin also, these 
gentlemen added its charms to the list of "regi- 
mental blessings." By means of industrious appli- 
cation during their term of service, they advanced 
to a stage of development which gave them de- 
cided character as individuals and made the regi- 
ment proud of them as its principal musicians. 
The entire company of musicians attained to a 
high degree of efficiency, the band as a whole be- 
ing excelled by none, and above the average in all 
respects of most regimental bands in the army. 

Private Luther L. Hiatt, Company F, the pre- 
scription clerk in the regimental hospital, a most 
exemplary young soldier, and a veritable musician, 
frequently furnished a guitar accompaniment to 
the violins and fifes, the whole making up an 
excellent combination, fully deserving the title 
of the "105th Illinois String Band." 

The old 105th owes much of its character and 

popularity, as a whole, to the rare musical power 
of those above indicated. 

Under the able management of Colonel Dustin, 
the regiment rapidly attained to a degree of effic- 
iency in drill and discipline. In the manual of 
arms the 105th already began to excel, and in the 
drill grounds the men were readily wielded in the 
school of battalion. The colonel early taught the 
rules of health in his advisory speeches to the regi- 
ment, and fully set forth the duty and great ad- 
vantages of education in all things pertaining to 
the service. Few regiments perhaps were organized 
with such entire unanimity of feeling as existed in 
the 105th, and that continued to prevail from 
this lime to tbe end of the war. 

About the time the regiment returned to Galla- 
tin from the Tunnel, Surgeon Potter was detailed 
to act as brigade surgeon, First Assistant Surgeon 
Waterman shortly afterward taking his place in 
the regiment as acting chief surgeon. 

While at Gallatin and the Tunnel the following 
additional changes occurred among commissioned 

Captain Alexander L. Warner, Company C, of 
Sycamore, resigned February 17, 1863, First 
Lieutenant George W. Field, Sycamore, succeed- 
ing as captain. Captain Field afterward resigned 
July 11, 1863, First Lieutenant Charles G. Cul- 
ver, of Company H, being promoted to the cap- 
taincy of Company C. Captain Thomas S. Terry, 
Company E, of Shabbona, resigned March 16, 
First Lieutenant Marvin V. Allen, Shabbona, suc- 
ceeding as captain. Second Lieutenant Porter 
Warner, Company F, York, DuPage, resigned 
April 17. First Sergeant Wm. M. Tirtlot suc- 
ceeding as Second Lieutenant. 

On the 9th of April, 1863, while acting as Pro- 
vost guard. Private Isaac Elsie, Company C, Cap- 
tain A. C. Graves, was accidentally shot dead by 
a pistol in the hands of a comrade. This was one 
of the saddest occurrences that happened to the 
provost guards at Gallatin. 

The regiment was paid off about the middle of 
April, at which time the boys were ready to fully 
appreciate those fine greenbacks, having not so 
favorable an opportunity of passing old pain-killer 
labels and postage stamps as at Scottsville. 

Captain J. S. Forsythe, Company H, added a 
Mr. Samuel Taylor, citizen of Sumner county, 
Tenn., to his gallant family of boys, being prob- 



ably the only regular enlistment in the regiment 
''from a quarter leasl expected" during its cam- 
paigning in the enemy's eountry. 

Colored inhabitants in the country about Galla- 
tin — then called "contrabands" by the soldiers, 
came in daily to the Post, many of whom were em- 
ployed in the hospitals, ami on the streets and 
alleys, cleansing the town. Colonel 1!. .1. Sweet, 
commanding at Fori Thomas, near the railway 
depot, employed a number at the fort; ami when 
I".' man] accumulated thej were shipped t" the 
ronl and se1 i" work there. 

There were periods of gloom among the people 
generall] wljile tic brigade was lying at Galla- 
tin, the militan situation Easl an. I West being 
unsatisfactory, and reported dissatisfaction in the 
North gave rise t<> the painful reflection that a 
"fire in the rear" was aboul to be threatened. Bui 
to fighting men tin- prospeci had no terrors, as 

the] were ans - t" finish disloyalt] in front or 

rear, never counting the cost. It was this spirit, 
gaining asci ndam j among tl e troops of the W est, 
which finally manifested itself in the bold move- 
nieiit thai resulted, together with the master 

-i rakes in the East, in tl mplete triumph of 

national arm-. Notwithstanding the dark 
times, more or less intensified since the starting 
nut of the 105th in 1862, the -pirn of the troops. 
although depressed, never despaired, and thi 
of May, 1863, broughl new \ ictoj I and 
West, when depression gave waj to revivifying 
hope. This was the beginning of the end. 

imong the happiesl of mortals were the poor, 
humble "contrabands." Apparently oblivious to 
the effects » hi< li made the hearl of the soldier sad, 
they enjoyed their sports, their dances, their out- 
gambols. The\ rejoiced in perpetual youth; 
ter looking forward nor backward, bul living 
in the hour — ready for any fate. Verily, the 
eloquence of life abode in the bosom of the blai 

The garrison at Gallatin was subjed to alarms 
Erom John Morgan's raiders, occasionally, when 
the army wagons would be quickly interlocked in 
the streets, forming a barricade. But John never 
came near eno igh to see thi se formidable obstruc- 
tions. An offended Tennessei poetess, and a hater 
of the Provosl Marshal — Major Scarritt, really a 
wonderfully austere man — made the following al- 
lusion to lip -i' alarms, in a parody "li ""Maryland. 
My Maryland": 

"The Yankees they get scared at night, 

Blockade the streets with all their might ; 

Wbuld'st knew the eause — old S t's tight. 

Gallatin! My Gallatin." 

< in the 1st. of June, 1863, the regimenl and 
brigade were transferred from Gallatin to La- 
vergne, by railroad, t" a point aboul twenty miles 
southeast of Nashville, on the Nashville and Chat- 
tanooga Railroad. Here the regimenl was en- 
gaged in guarding and drilling. Early one dark 
morning tie camp was alarmed, and the 105th 
sprang to their guns at the eall of Colonel Dustin. 
whose \oiee sounded out clearly through the dark- 
ness, •"line hundred and fifth! fall in! quick!" 
Bui the alarm proved falsi', and the troops were 

ordered to their quarters. 

Some tedious drill exercises were gone through 
with here daily, closing in the evening with dress 

'I'he regiment, alter stopping at Lavergne one 
month, was ordered to Murfreesboro, hut returned 
i" Lavergne the [asl of July, and from thence to 
the city of Nashville, "n the L9th day of August, 
relieving a brigade of troops under command of 
Genera] Morgan. Here the 105th was placed in 
charge of Fori Negley, being quartered inside the 
works. The regimenl was on constant duty here 
until it> final departure from Nashville, guarding 
the city and Fort Negley, and being under a sys- 
tem of daily drill. 

Destined to remain at Nashville about six 
month- (arriving there, as above stated. An. 
19, 1863, and remaining until February "?4. 1864,) 
tin' regimenl had time to perfect iself in drill, and 
many acquaintances in the city. It was its 
good fortune to exi hangi the inferior Austrian 
musket, with which it had been armed, for the 
Springfield rilled musket, a nicer and more serv- 
iceable weapon. 

The brigade was attached to the Eleventh Army 
Corps. Major-General 0. 0. Howard, command- 
ing, while at Nashville. 

Many officers ami men were detailed from the 
regimenl for special duty. Major Dutton was de- 
tailed by order from Washington, on the Board 
to examine applicant- for positions a- officers in 
colored regiments, remaining on that Board from 
October or November, LSG3. until the opening of 
the Atlanta Campaign, May. 1804. As an evi- 
dence that the 105th were well drilled, some thirty- 












three of its members passed a satisfactory exam- 
ination, and most of them were commissioned and 
did good service as officers in colored regiments. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Vallette was detailed on 
court-martial for some time; also Captain A. C. 
Graves, Company D, and Captain John B. Nash, 
Company G. Captain S. F. Daniels had previous- 
ly been detailed as Acting Commissary of Subsist- 
ence at brigade headquarters. Acting Surgeon 
A. Waterman was detailed in a small-pox hospital. 

Many enlisted men were detailed as clerks at 
the different headquarters in the department, fill- 
ing important places. 

The following changes occurred among commis- 
sioned officers: First Lieutenant Henry B. Ma- 
son, of Sycamore, Co. C, resigned September 6, 
1863, Second Lieutenant John W. Burst, of 
Franklin, succeeding as First Lieutenant. Sec- 
ond Lieutenant Hiram S. Harrington, of Frank- 
lin, Co. G, resigned August 2, 1863, while the 
regiment was stationed at Lavergne, and died soon 
after his return home. Sergeant James S. Has- 
luirgh being brevctted Second lieutenant June 

While at Nashville the regiment was numerous- 
ly visited by its friends from the north, several of 
the officers' wives, and the wives of some of the 
enlisted men being among the guests of the regi- 
ment. While visiting at this point in company 
with her mother, a little daughter of Chief Sur- 
geon (Acting Brigade Surgeon) H. S. Potter. 
died. Colonel Dustin and stall', the line officers 
and many soldiers of the 105th, together with a 
regular escort, attended the funeral, accompanying 
the remains to the cemetery and depositing them 
in a vault. She was a child of some twelve sum- 
mers, of almost angelic brightness, the pride of 
a father's and mother's heart. Said she. shortly 
before the moment of dissolution: "If I die will 
I see anybody?" to which question the hearts of 
those around her intuitively answered "yes." The 
attendant circumstances; the time, place, man- 
ner of services, interment ; the character of the 
mourners and sympathizers — all together made 
the occasion one of peculiar interest, and long to 
he remembered for its intensified sadness. How 
much is wrapped up in the human heart may be 
estimated by those who participated in the solemn- 
ities of that occasion, and through their sympa- 
thetic relations with the near bereaved were made 

to feel the uses of adversity. Perhaps the recol- 
lection of similar bereavements, more directly con- 
cerning themselves, gave a finer point to the pains 
of the heart. 

Among the sober experiences in the military 
school at Nashville was that of brigade drill. The 
evolutions of a brigade are similar in detail to 
those of a battalion, a much larger plat of ground 
being required in the execution of the movements 
of the former. In these movements General 
Ward's brigade presented a scene of considerable 
activity and interest, on the flats in the southeast- 
ern suburbs of the city. It was a pleasure, often- 
times, for the regiments to drill together; to re- 
ceive instruction with each other from the same 
teacher, and perfect themselves by united prac- 
tice. Never were men more agreeably associated 
in any cause. 

General Ward to us presented the appearance 
of a rather short and chubby Kentuckian of fifty 
years, quite unprepossessing, yet it appears in it 
without some qualifications that made him popu- 
lar and respected throughout his command. As 
a speaker he made up for the lack in looks by his 
singular^ suavity and eloquence; and it is said he 
displayed fine sensibilities in the care of his com- 
mand. Many of the boys of the brigade declared 
that the general was an old granny; but he was 
generally called "Old Pap Ward," or "Pappy 
Ward." To many he was a grim-looking old Gen- 

At a general meeting in the capitol at Nash- 
ville, largely attended by citizens and soldiers, on 
the night of the 8th of January, in honor of the 
battle of New Orleans, Governor Andrew John- 
son, Colonel Dustin and others, made appropriate 
speeches. The gentlemen named were the princi- 
pal speakers; their eloquent consideration of the 
gallant repulse of the British by the Americans 
under General Jackson, supplemented by patriotic 
stirring U p tlie hearts of the people to a sense of 
the importance of preserving our national life. 
Expressive resolutions were adopted. 

A distressing occurrence on the night of the 
14th of February sent a thrill of excitement 
through the camp on the following morning as it 
awoke to a knowledge of the shocking details. 
Sergeant Taylor, of Company E, Captain M. V 
Allen, commander, had been found in the railroad 



cut, dead, appearances indicating that he was the 
victim of a most foul murder. 

On the 23d of February, 1864, orders were re- 
ceived at regimental headquarters to be ready to 
march the following morning. So, at four o'clock 
the regiment arose at the sound of drums and 
fifes, took a last breakfast at its pleasant old camp 
at Fort Negley, bade farew-ell to Nashville at 
eight o'clock, and with General Ward at the head 
of the brigade and Colonel Dustin at the head of 
the regiment, the march for Wauhatchie Valley 
was commenced, the column moving out of town 
on the Murfreesboro pike. The following is a 
brief diary account of the march: 

February 24th. — Moved about ten miles, the 
weather being pleasant, marching agreeable. 
Turned into camp about three o'clock, afternoon. 
B had lively time catching rabbits. The nu- 
merous camp fires of the brigade made a cheering 

Qg >IL_ r llt. 

25th. — Started at earlj dawn. Arrived at 
Stewart's Creek, where part of the lie.',] regiment, 
of the brigade, was stationed. Camped here at 
.■in o'clock, marching about ten miles. 

26th. — Arrived at Murfreesboro at twelve 
o'clock — camped. 

27th. Moved about thirteen miles, camping at 
"'(•leek afternoon. After tic tents were 
pitched, Private 0. Whitlock, Company F, while 
resting before the- tire at regimental headquarters. 
by chance espied a sack of coined silver on the sur- 
Eaci of id' ground immediately between his feet. 
It had been partially worn away from long ex- 
posure to the elements, leaving the treasure bared 
to attract the passerby. The lot embraced twenty- 
five dollars American money, including one spu- 
rious half-dollar. It was distributed among the 
officers and men of the regiment. 

28th. — Moved about seventeen miles, passing 
through Shelbyville at noon, and camping five 
null- beyond at half-past two o'clock. The peo- 
ple of Shelbyville seeme/1 glad to see the "Yan- 

29th. — Moved about fourteen miles, through 
alternate rain showers, turning into camp near 
Tullahoma at three o'clock. This day's march 
was very severe on account of rain, mud and cold. 
In the evening the rains turned into the consist- 
ency of sleet, making it very difficult to start fires, 
the country being bare of fence* the soldier's fa- 

vorite fuel. Great logs had to be cut, and tree 
tops used for kindling, and some '"'comparative 
freezing*' was endured before the camp was made 
comfortable. The men slept hard, or hardly slept, 
this night. 

March 1st. — Weather wet and cold — inarch not 
continued. A portion of the division train stuck 
in the mud during the storm — considerable suffer- 
ing — some of the buys sick. 

'.''I. — The march continued at 8 o'clock. 
Weather clear, roads muddy. Camped near Elk 
river bridge, after proceeding about nine miles. 

3d. — Moved at seven o'clock — weather pleas- 
ant — roads more passable. Passes through De- 
chard, on the X. & C. P. P.. turning into camp 
at foot of Raccoon mountains, beyond Cowan, at 
two o'clock, afternoon. Distance marched, ten 

4th. — Ascended the mountains, and after pro- 
ceeding several miles on the wrong road, the col- 
umn was turned and marched down a deep ravine 
to the right one. Reached Tautalou three o'clock, 
afternoon, a point on the railroad ninety-four 
miles from Nashville. Heavy rain fell in the 

oth. — Owing to the failure of the teams to reach 

camp last night, consequent on the blunder of 

-tutting on the wrong road yesterday, the march 

not continued until noon. Distance made. 

tr miles. 

6th. - -Moved at early dawn. Pleasant weather, 
i toads. Distance about twelve miles. Ar- 
rived near Stevenson, Ala., at two o'clock. Troops 
\ ed their mail matter. 

Tth. — Passed through Stevenson, proceeded to 
a point within sight of Bridgeport, Ala., and 
| ed. Distance twelve miles, turning in at 
twelve o'clock. 

s th. — Remained in camp. 

9th. — Resumed the march at daylight, passing 
through Bridgeport and across Tennessee river, 
reaching Shell Mound at noon. Took dinner near 
the mouth of Nick O'Jack Cave, one of the out- 
cropping curiosities of nature. The boys briefly 
explored the interior of the cave entrance. It was 
found to exceed Lost River Cave at Bowling 
Green in the spaciousness and grandeur of its 
i°;es. During the war the Lafayette Courier 
gave the following account of the rather thrilling 
exneriencp of two Indiana soldiers in this cave: 


"While General Joe Reynolds' division was en- 
camped near Nick O'Jack Cave — about ten miles 
from Bridgeport, on the Tennessee river — two of 
the boys of the 72d Indiana regiment who en- 
tered the cave on a "reconnoitering expedition" 
lost their way in the mazes of the cavern and 
were unable to get out. They remained in the 
cavern two days and nights, and were finally res- 
cued from a horrible death by means of a brass 
band playing through the long ventilated cham- 
bers. The lost men, hearing the music, were en- 
abled to find their way with some difficulty to their 
companions. During their wanderings they had 
stumbled upon the bodies of two men, who were 
afterwards searched for and brought forth from 
what had been a living tomb. They proved to be 
two rebel soldiers in uniform, one wearing that of 
a lieutenant, the other in a private dress. They 
appeared to have been dead some time, yet their 
bodies were in a most complete state of preserva- 

10th. — Continued this march at nine o'clock. 
Weather warm after a night of rain. Roads very 
rough and hilly, the marching rapid and exhaust- 
ing. Passed Whiteside Station and Sand Moun-- 
tain. Distance about sixteen miles, passing 
through romantic country, arriving in Wauhat- 
chie Valley and at the end of the tedious march. 
Major-General <>. <). Howard came out and met 
the brigade. 

The next day (March 11th) the regiment was 
assigned a position on a hill-slope in Lookout Val- 
ley, near Wauhatchie Station, there to rest and 
make ready for a grand movement against the 
Confederate Army under General Joe Johnston. 

The march from Nashville to Lookout Valley 
was accomplished in sixteen days, inclusive of two 
whole days on which no progress was made. The 
grounds of the 105th at that point were laid out 
with nice precision, and the camp tastefully orna- 
mented with evergreen boughs throughout. The 
individual members of the regiment visited the 
lofty heights of Lookout Mountain, from the 
highest point of which the territory of seven states 
can he seen. The eye rests upon a landscape to 
the north embracing the Cumberland Mountain 
range, stretching from the left of the Valley to the 
northeast, until its outlines blend with the color 
of the far horizon ; the waters of the Tennessee 
next from the foot of Lookout, closely hugging 

the great range, winding along for many miles, is 
finally lost among its spurs; then further east is 
presented an expanse of diversified scenery, includ- 
ing Chattanooga city, fields, hills, valleys and 
woods, the smoke of the distant towns rising above 
the country at various points. On the whole the 
view is one of indescribable grandeur. 

The brigade — now called the first — had been 
transferred to the 11th A. C, under General How- 
ard, as before stated, and was reviewed in the val- 
ley by Generals Howard and Hooker on the 19th 
«il' March. 

On the 22d of March a rare effect in the shape 
of a snow storm was produced by nature's untiring 
forces. Commencing in the night the fall of snow 
continued until noon of the following day, cover- 
ing the ground to the depth of one foot. For the 
i line and place this was something extraordinary. 
Sometimes the weather was quite cold, at others 

Adjutant David D. Chandler, one of the most 
energetic and best looking in the Eleventh Corps, 
having been on duty constantly, here received the 
favor of a detail for the purpose of repairing to 
the north to secure instruments for the Brigade 
Band. He performed the duty, not failing to re- 
turn to the regiment in time to enter on the At- 
lanta campaign. In every battle and under the 
harrassing daily skirmish fire of the opposing 
forces, during that campaign, this officer proved 
himself to be one of the best to endure and to dare. 
Second Lieutenant A. H. Fisher, of Company I, 
Captain J. 0. Locke, filled the adjutant's office 
until the return of the adjutant, on the 1st of 

One of the thrilling incidents connected with 
the camp in the valley was that of a large forest 
tree blowing down during the prevalence of high 
winds in the evening of March 28th. The tree 
fell across several of the tents of Companies D and 
I, crushing them to the ground. Beyond the 
smashing of a few simple articles of furniture, no 
further damage was done, as fortunately, for the 
moment, the tents were unoccupied. 

While in the valley drill duty, inspection and 
reviewing was the order of the day. On the 13th 
of April the regiment was visited by Major-Gen- 
eral Joe Hooker, and during the night Colonel 
Dustin and the regiment were serenaded by the 
79th Ohio regimental band. Major-General 



George H. Thomas reviewed the brigade the fol- 
lowing day. 

About the middle of April the military desig- 
nation was changed, and from that time until the 
close of the war the command was known as the 
First Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Army 
Corps, then under General Hooker. On the 18th 
of April .Major-General George II. Thomas, com- 
mander, Army of the Cumberland, embracing 
Hooker'- corps, honored the camp of the 105th 
with his presence. The regiment participated for 
the first time in division drill on the 21st. 

On the 22d bhe band of the 33d Massachu- 
setts regiment of the division, very friendly to the 
L05th, paid the camp at visit and treated it to 

- e excellent music. The 105th officers visited 

the 33d on the 26th of April. 

Among the officers sick or disabled at this point 
were Colonel Dustin, Acting Brigade Surgeon 
Potter, Captain T. S. Rogers, Company B. and 
Captain S. !•'. Daniels, Company F, the latter Inn- 
ing accidentally broken his Leg below the knee 
while engaged in a game of ball. The captain, 
although anxious to enter with his company on the 
approaching campaign, was prevented from doing 
so in consequence of the severity of his wound, 
lie was sent to Camp Dennison at Coin minis. Ohio. 
where, as soon as his condition would allow, be 
was detailed for duty as post commissary, we be- 
lieve, remaining at Columbus during the balance 
of his term of sen ice. 

"While in camp at Wauhatchie. or soon after, the 
following additional changes occurred among com- 
missioned officer- : 

First Lieutenant William H. Jeffers, Company 
D, Downer's Grove, resigned May 5th, 1864, Sec- 
ond Lieutenant Luther L. Peaslee. Naperville, 
succeeding as first lieutenant. Lieutenant Jeffers 
resigned in order to take a position as major in a 
colored regiment. 

Second Lieutenant John II. Swift, Company D. 
resigned March 16th, Sergeant Jacob Ostrander, 
of Paw Paw, being breveted as second lieutenant, 
June 7. 1865. 

First Lieutenant Samuel Adams. Company F. 
Wayne, DuPage, resigned April 13th, Second 
Lieutenant William M. Tirtlot, Milton, succeed- 
ing as first lieutenant. 

Captain John B. Nash, Company G, Franklin. 
resigned July 17, 1864. First Lieutenant John 

M. Smith. Burlington, was promoted captain but 
not mustered. 

On the 25th of April the colonel received or 
ders to prepare for active service in the field. 

The regiment and brigade again participated 
in division drill, near General Hooker's head- 
quarters, April 28th, going through the motions 
of a battle, tiring blank cartridges. 

Receiving marching orders on the 1st, and on 
the 2d of May, 1864, the march for the immedi- 
ate front commenced. Here was the opening of 
one of the boldest and most remarkable campaigns 
ever engaged in by any army, and whose end re- 
sulted in the complete, great, glorious triumph 
of the national arms. 

Some of the Confederates are reported as after- 
ward declaring that "Old Sherman ascended Point 
Lookout and gave the command, attention — cre- 
ation! by kingdoms right wheel — march!" And 
then it was reported that after General Johnston 
had followed his retreating policy, during the cam- 
paign, the Confederates declared "that their arm\ 
was commanded by 'Old Billy Sherman.' that thev 
invariably moved when Sherman gave the com- 
mand, and Johnston only superintended the de- 
tails of the movement." 

As indicated above, the regiment and brigade 
broke camp and commenced the march at six 
o'clock in the morning, moving around Point Look- 
out, passing Chattanooga, through Rossville, 
over the Chickamauga battle-ground, camp- 
ing near Lee's and Gordon's Mills — distant from 
the camp at Wauhatchie about nineteen miles. 

tin the 3d of May the entire regiment was de- 
tailed for picket duty, the command remaining at 
this point until the following morning, when the 
march was resumed : proceeding about twelve 
miles, camped near Ringgold, Ga., within a few 
miles of rebel pickets. Remained in camp on 
5th. On the 6th marched a number of miles, 
camping near where the rebels captured and mur- 
dered a number of national pickets belonging to 
the 92d Illinois regiment. 

On the 7th marched rapidly and a considerable 
distance. Passed through Nick O'Jack Gap, driv- 
ing the enemy's picket-. Camped in the woods in 
line of battle, southeast of Taylor's Ridge, a pre- 
cipitous ran-'' of hills. Remained in camp on the 
8th. Considerable skirmishing in front, at Rocky 
Face or Buzzard's le>o-t. Brigade still quiet on 



the 9th, rcaily for battle. The roar of cannon and 
rattle of musketry heard, and the wounded of 
General Geary's division being brought to the rear. 
Advanced four miles on the 10th, camping at 
cross-roads. Here visited by a hard rain. 

On the 11th the corps, or the greater part of it. 
arrived at Snake Creek Gap. halted and built a 
double road several miles long, in about as many 
hours, the regiment assisting in this work. While 
this was being done several members of the 10th 
made a detour upon the top of the high ridge 
which shut in the command on the right as it 
passed into the long, deep gap. The sight from 
so lofty a point of the country was only rivaled 
by a similar one which they had witnessed at Point 
Lookout. On the 13th and 14th of May the army 
moved forward slowly, skirmishing heavily and 
fighting considerably on the latter date, the enemy 
making a stand in and around Eesaca. On the 
loth the first brigade, supported by the balance of 
the division, made a fierce and determined charge 
upon a peculiarly strong position of the enemy, 
near Eesaca, capturing four pieces of artillery 
with caissons complete. The pieces were marked 
"Atlanta and Augusta arsenal," and weighed 
about 1,200 pounds each. 

The battle was especially terrific, the rebels hav- 
ing a cross-fire upon our force of grape, canister 
and musketry. Captain T. 8. Rogers, with Com- 
pany B, were deployed as skirmishers, covering the 
front of the brigade. The battle commenced about 
midday and lasted till late in the afternoon. The 
regiment entered this fight on the '"double-quick," 
with fixed bayonets and a prolonged shout. The 
battle-line was deliberately formed behind the 
brow of a hill, beyond which intervened a sort of 
irregular ravine, next the slope of the command- 
ing hills or ridges, on whose summits, well forti- 
fied, the enemy was thickly arrayed. Colonel 
Dustin led his men right into the spirit of the 
conflict, and notwithstanding it was the first time 
the regiment had been under fire, the officers and 
men bore themselves bravely and well. It was a 
dreadful day's work. The number of casualties 
was about fifty in the regiment ere it came nut of 
the strife. The names of the killed and wounded 
will be found appended to this sketch. Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Vallette was severely disabled by a 
bursting shell, which necessitated his retirement 
from the service. Captain W. 0. Locke, of Com- 

pany I, and First Lieutenant W. M. Tirtlot, of 
Company F, were wounded. Young Arthur P. 
Rice, id' Company F, the bravest of the brave, fell 
inside the rebel fort. He was the first boy in 
Wheaton to mount the stand at the call of Cap- 
tain Daniels for the service of his country. 

In his official report of this battle Colonel 
Dustin pays the following tribute to the officers 
and men of the regiment : 

"At a time when for several hours so terrible a 
shower of musketry, shot and shell was being 
poured upon us from the rebel fort and rifle-pits, 
the coolness and bravery of the officers in repeat- 
ing commands, correcting imperfections in the 
lines and pressing it forward was observed by me 
with great pride and satisfaction, and was only 
equaled by the splendid manner in which the men 
overcame all obstacles, obeyed promptly all or- 
ders, ami at last gallantly threw themselves high 
up into and under the rebel fortifications." 

The brigade stood at arms most of the night, 
prepared to repel a night attack. An attack be- 
ing made, as anticipated, it was successfully re- 

During the night the rebel army retreated hast- 
ily, leaving their exceedingly strong works at Res- 
aca. On the morning of the 16th the army started 
in pursuit; the first brigade being left behind to 
bury their dead, did not follow until evening, 
marched twelve miles after dark, coming up to the 
balance of the division late in the night. On the 
18th moved to within four miles of Cassville. on 
the Adairsville and Cassville road, the advance 
of the third division driving the rebel rear guard 
before it a distance of five miles. 

Colonel Dustin gives the following account of 
the operations of the 19th of May in his official re- 

"On the morning of the 19th our brigade was 
ordered forward on the Cassville road supported 
by other troops. The 105th was ordered to take 
the advance. Companies H and I were deployed 
as skirmishers under Captain Forsythe; one com- 
pany under Captain M. Y. Allen being left in 
charge of the ammunition train. The balance of 
the regiment constituted a support to the skirmish 
line. Thus formed, our brigade moved rapidly- 
forward and the skirmishers were soon encoun- 
tered and by a rapid skirmish fire they were driven 
beyond Two Pun Creek and to within one mile 



and a half of Cassville, during which time the ut- 
most regularity and good order was observed both 
by our skirmishers and reserves. At this point was 
developed a large force of rebel cavalry, and we 
were ordered to halt. Very soon the enemy opened 
a battery upon us in our front from which we 
were under a severe fire for some two hours. We 
were then ordered to move further to the right, 
connecting with our third brigade, in whose front 
the enemy seemed to be massing troops prepara- 
tory to a general engagement. But our artillery 
just ai this time opened with deadly effect, scat- 
tering the rebels in all directions. This was fol- 
lowed up immediately by a grand advance of the 
entire Twentieth Corps. The grand column moved 
forward in excellent order, with colors flying, 
through large, open fields, crossing Two Run 
Creek and then ascending a thickly wooded hill. 
On reaching the top of the hill the artillery again 
tool, position and opened fire in good order, and 
tint- the region of Kingston and Cassville was 
effectually cleared of rebel soldiery and the day"- 
work for the 19th was done." 

A concentration of the troops occurred here on 
the evening of the 19th, lying over till the 23d to 
rest, the enemy retiring in the interim. 

<)n the day following the buttle of Resaca. Ma- 
jor-General Butterfield, commander third divis- 
ion, issued the following congratulatory order: 

"Headquarters Third Division, Twentieth Army 
( lorps, 
Near Resaca, Ga., May 16, 1864. 

"General Orders. Xo. 4. 

"The major-general commanding feels it a duty, 
;i- well as a pleasure, to congratulate the division 
upon its achievement yesterday. The gallant as- 
sault and charge of the first brigade, capturing 
four guns in the enemy's fort; the brave support 
of the assault by a portion of the second brigade 
on the left, with the glorious repulse it gave twice 
its force, proves the division worthy a high name 
and fame. Let every one endeavor by attention 
to duty, obedience to orders, devotion and cour- 
age, to make our record in the future as in the 
past, such that the army and the country will be 
proud of us. 

"P>\ command of Major-General Butterfield. 
John Speed. Captain and A. A. G." 
General Sherman in his report of the operations 

of his army, referring to the eventful days at Re- 
saca, says: 

"Nothing saved Johnston's army at Resaca but 
the impracticable nature of the country, which 
made the passage of troops across the valley almost 
impossible. This fact enabled his army to reach 
Resaca from Dalton, along the comparatively good 
roads constructed beforehand, partly from the top- 
ographical nature of the country, and partly from 
the foresight of the rebel chief. At all events, on 
the l-lth of May we found the rebel army in a 
strong position, behind Camp Creek, occupying 
the forts at Resaca. and his right on some high 
chestnut hills to the north of the town. I at once 
ordered a pontoon bridge to be laid across the 
Oostenaula at Lay's Ferry, in the direction of Cal- 
houn, a division of the sixteenth corps, command- 
ed by Genera] Sweeney, to cross and threaten Cal- 
houn; also, the cavalry division of General Gar- 
rard to move from its position at Villanow, down 
towards Rome, to cross the Oostanaula and break 
the railroad to below Calhoun and above King- 
ston if possible, and with the main army I pressed 
against Resaca at all points. General McPherson 
got across Camp Creek near its mouth, and made 
;i lodgment close up to the enemy's works, on hills 
that commanded, with short range artillery, the 
railroad and trestle bridges, and General Thomas 
pressing close along Camp Creek Valley, threw 
General Hooker"s corps across the head of the 
creek to the main Dalton road and down to it 
close on Resacs. 

General Schofield came up on his left, and a 
heavy battle ensued during the afternoon and 
evening of the loth, during which General Hooker 
drove the enemy from several strong hills, cap- 
tured a four-gun battery and many prisoners. 
That night Johnston escaped, retreating south 
across the Oostanaula." 

The following letter was written by the captain 
of the rebel battery which the 105th assisted in 
capturing at Resaca. It appears the captain de- 
signed sending it to his wife by a wounded rebel, 
but the latter was taken prisoner and the letter 
fell into the hand- of ;i member of the 105th. We 
L r i\e it verbatim et literatim: 

"Resecm. Ga., May 15. 
"My dear wife 
"John Thompson is going home to Cassville 



wounded I thought I would drop you a line by 

"The Yankees charged on my battery this P M 
and captured 2 sections of it and many of our men 
and attendants were wounded. 

"It was as daring an exploit as when my broth- 
ers was charged at antietam Va by Co new york 

"They threw themselves into the front as uncon- 
scious of danger as ducks into a pond. 

"I tell you and will to stow away every thing of 
value fearing we shall have to fall back from here 
if we do the yankees will get every thing in reach. 

"We had to fight hookers command here or else 
the battery never would have whipped them here 
if it had not been for Hookers command 

"They all wore a star. 

"If we hold our ground here I will see you ere 

"I want you to send sis and James to grand Pas 
and you go to uncle Johns Take all the things 
you can 

"I must close as the train will leave immedi- 
ately your husband Unto Death w w c 

"P S our position here was very good but we 
have to fall back keep up good courage. I hope 
what I have said will not prove discouraging to 
you. w w c." 

The term, "Ward's Ducks" originated from the 
captain's allusion to the men of the first brigade 
in the fourth paragraph, "throwing themselves 
into the front as unconscious of danger as ducks 
into a pond." 

After two days' rest near Kingston, the ad- 
vance was resumed on the 23d, proceeded some 
eight or ten miles, crossing the Etowah and 
bivouacking in the woods beyond. On the 24th 
marched to and beyond Burnt Hickory, threw up 
breastworks and bivouacked. On the 25th marched 
back through Burnt Hickory and changed course 
somewhat, but still advancing. At about three 
o'clock the division met the enemy in considerable 
force, and a sharp engagement occurred — the Sec- 
ond and Third brigades formed the first line, and 
the First brigade the second. The 105th, together 
with the brigade, being thus under fire, from close 
proximity to the front line, although not actively 
engaged, suffered severely, the number of casual- 
ties being fourteen wounded. First Lieutenant 
J. W. Burst, of Company C, had his right leg shot 

away by a rebel shell. He was a good officer, and 
his loss was regretted by his company and the regi- 
ment. Adjutant Chandler was also stunned, be- 
ing grazed by a shell or grape shot, on the neck 
and shoulder. 

On the 26th the regiment and brigade laid be- 
hind breastworks under fire. On the 27th the 
brigade was ordered to advance a few rods in front 
of the breastworks and throw up another line of 
works. This was done under a severe fire from 
the rebel sharp-shooters. The casualties in the 
105th amounted to fourteen, including two com- 
manding officers, several of the men being killed. 
On the 28th they lay behind the new works which 
had cost the regiment so much to build the day 
before. On the 29th the brigade was relieved and 
moved back out of range, after being under fire 
for nearly four days. But the 105th was not to 
rest long. The major portion of the regiment 
was detailed for skirmish duty on the 31st. On 
the 1st of June skirmishers and regiment were re- 
lieved and ordered to march and overtake the 
brigade, which had moved around on the left of 
the lines. A five-mile march after dark brought 
the tired and worn men of the 105th up with the 
brigade, when the men laid down on their arms. 
On the following day, June 2d, took up a position, 
after moving several miles preparatory, as was 
thought, to a general engagement — covering the 
flank and supporting the left of the Twenty-third 
corps under General Schofield. About dusk the 
105th regiment was thrown out on the extreme 
left as flankers, and was furiously shelled while 
performing this duty. Two companies were thrown 
out from the regiment as pickets and skirmishers 
under Major Dutton. Here the regiment lost its 
able and greatly esteemed chief surgeon, Horace 
S. Potter, then acting brigade surgeon. He was 
struck by a shell on the head, the frontal bone 
being crushed in or torn from the skull. Surgeon 
Potter was selecting grounds for a field hospital, 
when the missile of death took effect. Quarter- 
master Timothy Wells, who was with him at the 
time, had the remains immediately taken off the 
field and carried to the rear. S. W. Saylor, leader 
of the brigade band, and a kinsman of Surgeon 
Potter's, secured a leave of absence and took the 
body home. On Sunday, the 5th, Chaplain Champ- 
lin preached a sermon in memory of Surgeon Pot- 
ter. The entire regiment listened attentively to 

art i 


the chaplain's well-chosen words, and all felt more 
or less keenly a loss which could never be fully 
repaired in the person of any other medical offi- 

Horace S. Potter was born in Chautauqua coun- 
ty, New York, about 1834, and came to Illinois 
in l.SMs, his family having settled in Warrenville. 
DnPage county, remained there until 1867, study- 
ing medicine with Dr. L. Q. Newton, a prominent 
physician of that place, and graduated at lowa 
State University. From Warrenville moved to 
Danby, same county, in 1851, practicing medicine 
until May, 1856, when he moved to Chicago, 
where he was engaged in his profession, previous 
to entering the public service as chief surgeon of 
the 105th regiment. 

Contrary to anticipations, no general engage- 
ment came off on the 2d, and on the 3d the Twen- 
tieth . \ ii 1 1 \ Corps moved around and beyond the 
enemy's right, and camped about three miles from 
Ackworth. remaining until the 6th, when the com- 
mand moved forward, passing on the right of Big 
Shanty to near Golgotha church, where the entire 
i orps took up a prominenl position in line of bat- 
tle' and immediately threw up intrenchments. 

From tins time to the 15th were lying quietly 
behind breastworks with no enemy close enough to 
skirmish with. 

On the LOth the Fourth Corps took position in 

front of the breastworks, moving away the nexl 
morning when the Firsl division of the Twontictl 
Corps moved up and occupied their place. While 
here a heavy rain, commencing in the night on 
the 8th and continuing until the 11th. gave the 
troops a severe drenching. On the 12th heavy 
cannonading was heard on the right and left. 

On the 15th broke up camp and moved together 
with the corps beyond Golgotha church, encounter- 
ing the enemy m a very strong position. The com- 
mand marched up in line of battle, the 105th un- 
der Major Button was thrown forward to support 
the ski rm ishers which covered the front of the 
brigade. The skirmishers, with the 105th close 
behind, advanced promptly, soon followed by the 
other regiment- of the brigade in line of battle, 
when they were crowded forward until the ene- 
my's intrenchments were in full view, and his 
skirmishers driven back close to their main works. 
A spirited engagement was going on. the hardest 
of the fighting occurring on the right and left of 

the line. The regiment, however, was under a 
terrible skirmish fire, which amounted to little 
less than an engagement. Brisk firing was kept 
up until dark, when light lines of works were 
thrown up. On the 16th the brigade advanced 
and constructed strong breastworks, in the face of 
the enemy's sharpshooters, suffering a loss of nine, 
and one killed. The enemy shelled the regiments 
after dark, after which the brigade was relieved 
and ordered behind a second line of works to the 
rear. During the night the enemy retired, leaving 
the strongest line of fortifications the boys had 
yet seen. The casualties of the 105th on the 15th 
and 16th were nineteen. 

On the morning of the 17th the national troops 
entered the rebel entrenchments and marched on. 
coming up with the enemy in the afternoon. 

The division moved about two miles, entering a 
large, open field, when it was formed into two 
lines and plunged into a thick wood on the right, 
moving along until it came in contact with the 
Twenty-third Corps, still further to the right. Be- 
ing then moved to the left, emerged into the open 
field, wlnie the division was massed. Here the 
regiment camped. 

On the 18th the cai aeers kept up a heavy 

firing. The enemy moved back and took up a 
strong position on the top of Kenesaw mountain, 
near Marietta, extending his line about due 
north and south. Our army followed him up 
drove him hack considerably on the 19th, and 
pressed him on the 20th and '.'1st. 

From the 18th to the 21sl inclusive, the troops 
received a thorough drenching from a series of 
heavy showers. Remained encamped on the 18th. 
On the 19th moved forward through rain and 
mud. crossing two fords, the men getting thor- 
oughly wet to the knees. Bain came down in tor- 
rents during the passage of the first stream. In 
the evening went into line between the Fourth 
Corps on the Left and the Twenty-third Corps on 
the right. On the 20th and 21st severe skirmish 
firing was kept up while perfecting the lines. On 
the 22d the brigade, in conjunction with other 
troops, advanced the lines and built breastworks 
under a brisk fire. The regiment suffered a loss 
of ten — one commissioned officer accidentallv 
wounded, two men being killed, and seven severely 
wounded. Regiment was relieved in the evening: 



moved some distance to the right, and bivouacked 
for the night. 

The division on the 23d was again placed in 
the front line on the right of the corps, connect- 
ing with the left of the 23d corps. The regiment 
was assigned a position very near the battle- 
ground, and where they were burying rebel dead 
who fell before the works the day before. Very 
heavy cannonading was heard on Kenesaw moun- 
tain. On the 24th the brigade lay behind a third 
line of works, at rest, and remained there until 
the night of the 26th, when it was moved to the 
front line or works, relieving Colonel Coburn's 
Second brigade, of the Third division. Here the 
works of the opposing forces were within short 
musket range, and the men were obliged to keep 
their heads down to save them from perforation. 
It was thought the enemy was meditating an at- 
tack at this point, but on the night of the 3d of 
July he fell back, yielding up his whole position 
around Marietta, and on the commanding heights 
of Kenesaw. 

This alternative of the rebels was impelled by 
a brilliant flank movement by the flanking army 
under Major General McPherson. 

The First brigade was relieved on the night of 
the 29th (June) by the Third brigade of the 
division, and moved back from the front line of 
works. On the evening of July 1st the First brig- 
ade relieved the Second brigade behind the second 
line of works. Nothing of moment occurred until 
tic Mil of July, when, leading the van, the First 
brigade, headed by Brigadier General Ward, com- 
manding division in absence of Major General 
Butterfiekl, and Colonel Ben Harrison, of the 
70th Indiana, commanding brigade, advanced 
into the strong works of the enemy, the latter 
having retreated during the night, as mentioned 
above. The Third division advanced on the Mari- 
etta road in the direction of the town, the head of 
the column encountering the rebel rear near that 
place, who opened vigorously with shot and shell. 
A section of artillery was immediately detached 
from Captain Smith's battery, under his charge. 
The First brigade supported the guns while the 
gallant captain silenced the rebel artillery. The 
105th, being posted immediately in the rear of 
the battery, was exposed to a perfect storm of 
shot and shell from the enemy's guns, but escaped 
with onlv one man killed and two wounded. Sev- 

eral of the battery boys were badly mangled by 
rebel shells. The division left the main pike and 
advanced in the direction of the Chattahoochie 
river, scouring the woods in a rather zigzag man- 
ner until sundown. The 4th of July found the 
regiment and division encamped about four miles 
from Marietta, on a high open field, in sight of 
rebels and rebel works. Here rested until after- 
noon, unfurling the national colors in honor of 
the day. After dinner a march through woods 
and fields brought the command to a deserted 
farm, w r ell shaded and supplied with water. For- 
tunately, the 105th was assigned a camping ground 
contiguous to an apple orchard, the trees of which 
wore hanging full of fruit. The harvest was not 
long suffered to remain ungarnered, and the hum- 
ble collations of the boys were materially im- 
proved that night with what they were pleased to 
call "apple jack." 

On the 5th moved about six miles, arriving 
within two miles of Chattahoochie river and meet- 
ing the enemy's pickets. Regiment shifted its 
position on the 6th and went into camp. An order 
was issued for the command to rest as much as 
possible during the time it might remain quiet. 
The entire corps rested until the afternoon of the 
17th, when orders were received to cross the river. 
It was late in the night before the corps bivouacked 
on the other side. The 105th was immediately de- 
tailed for picket duty — a severe task to perform 
after a tedious march of some ten miles. 

During the temporary rest enjoyed by the 105th, 
as above indicated, Colonel Dustin received a leave 
of absence for twenty days, starting for his home 
in Sycamore on the 13th. Major E. F. Dutton 
succeeded Colonel Dustin in the command of 
the regiment, and Senior Captain H. D. Brown, 
of Company A, assumed the duties of the Major. 

The command moved a few miles on the 18th, 
reaching a point on the Marietta and Decatur 
road, within one and a half miles of Howell's 
mills, which, on the 20th, was the immediate 
scene of the memorable and brilliant engagement 
and victory of the First brigade, in the great bat- 
tle of Atlanta. Here the brigade rested on the 
19th. and on the 20fh moved forward and formed 
in line of battle on the south side of Peach Tree 
creek, comprising a portion of the force which 
closed up a gap existing in the lines, and which 
the rebels were seeking with desperate eagerness. 



They found it, but too late to answer the purpose 
of victory. The 102d Illinois, 79th Ohio and 
129th Illinois formed the first line, connecting 
with the second line, distant from the first some- 
two hundred yards. Between two and three 
o'clock, afternoon, the pickets on the crest of a 
hill in the brigade front commenced firing, the 
enemy charging over the open field in his front 
several lines deep. The lines of the division im- 
mediately advanced in splendid order up the hill, 
when, on gaining the crest, they were so close 
upon the rebels that several regiments were inter- 

Major E. F. Dutton, in absence of Colonel 
Dustin, commanded the regiment, assisted by 
Senior Captain IT. D. Brown, the former acting 
as lieutenant-colonel, the latter as major. The 
second brigade, having moved obliquely to the 
left, and the first line of the First brigade to the 
right, the front of the 105th was nearly uncov- 
ered. Seeing the enemy coining in large num- 
bers down the slope of the sei ond hill, Major Dut- 
ton ordered the men to open fire, which was 
promptly done, the regiment advancing in good 
order after a brief halt on the hill. The battle 
now raged furiously, the troops of the regiments 
giving not an inch of ground, but advancing, 
standing right up to the work. Soon the masses 
of rebels, after making a brave fight, indeed, fal- 
tered, and the national troops drove them back 
over the second hill and open field, the 105th 
reaching the summit almost simultaneously with 
the troops of the first line, from which point the 
regiment poured several volleys into the disor- 
d< red and retreating ranks of the enemy. The 
lighting continued until dark, when the regiment 
and brigade commenced throwing up breastworks, 
and were busy at this work until nearly morning. 

.Major Dutton, in his report of this engagement. 
complimented the bravery and endurance of the 
subordinate officers and men of the regiment, and 
they in turn complimented the gallantry and dash 
of the major. Captain II. D. Brown, acting ma- 
jor, with an air of coolness and firmness, assisted 
in pressing forward the line, and Adjutant D. D 
Chandler, always at hi- post, constituted the 
third person in the regiment's executive trinity. 
The splendid conduct of these officers on the field 
was the subject of enthusiastic comment on a 1 ' 
sides, after the battle. Tile line officers were un- 

usually enthusiastic, and led the men forward 
with the one idea that a victory was to be gained. 
And the men went in to win, even, if it were 
necessary, to close in hand-to-hand struggle, 
which indeed was done. 

Among the trophies of the regiment was one 
beautiful stand of colors, said by prisoners to 
have I "■longed to the 12th Louisiana regiment, 
together with several swords and belts. The col- 
ors were captured by Sergeant Melvin Smith and 
George F. Cram, of Company F. and which cap- 
lure was reported in the paper as "glory for the 

The colors of the 105th were pierced with bul- 
lets, one shot going through the flag staff. The 
relics taken by the regiment were sent to the 
headquarters of the army, with the request that 
they he placed in the State archives at Spring- 

The casualties were fifteen, six men being killed 
or mortally wounded, and it was miraculous that 
i Ih regiment did not suffer a loss of five times that 
number in so long and hard-fought a battle, and 
the only manner of accounting for so providential 
an escape was that most of the time the enemy 
were posted on the hill above the 105th, and in 
firing down the hill their shots were almost in- 
variably too high. 

After the strife bad died away and the moon had 
risen on the scene, an inspection of the grounds 
in front of the regiment and brigade was made. 
The sight was fearful. Dead and dying rebels 
lay in all attitudes of suffering and death. The 
youth and the middle-aged lay in their gore in 
groups or scattered about where they had fallen. 
Two dead rebels were noticed lying side by side. 
The arm of one was stretched upward and the 
lingers pointing to the moon, as though he would 
indicate to his comrade the way to the abodes of 
peace. Among the rebel wounded there was a 
young girl only nineteen years of age. A ball had 
struck her ankle and she was obliged to have her 
foot amputated. She bore her suffering heroic- 
allv. ami stated she had been in the service twenty- 
eight months. Many interesting incidents oc- 
cured. which if detailed would fill pages upon 
pages of history. A member of the regiment casu- 
ally surveyed the battle-grounds, now inside the 
lines, and offered refreshments to the suffering 
and dying. To inquiries as to the extent of in- 



juries, such answers as "Yes, I can't live till morn- 
ing" issued from tremulous lips, when life's fitful 
fever was nearly over. On the faces of the dead 
the usual expression of placid repose, fear, agony 
or fierce despair lingered, and altogether the scene 
was one no pen could portray. 

The morning of the 21st dawned on one of the 
greatest victories of the war, and the footing of 
the national army on the south side of Peach Tree 
creek was equally as secure as its footing on the 
south side of the Chattahoochie river. 

Lieutenant Willard Scott, Jr., of Captain Rog- 
ers' company, with a small party, buried the dead 
rebels on the morning of the 21st. 

During the battle General Ward, commanding 
the division, had made his headquarters in the 
valley, near the creek, at a point that commanded 
a view of the ground where his division fought 
The old general was reported as being in an ec- 
stacy of delight when the First brigade entered 
the contest. "See my old Iron Brigade," said he, 
striking his fists together. "See my old Iron 
Brigade — see them go in — the best d — d brigade 
in the service !" The brigade preserved an un- 
broken line throughout the fight. The entire corps 
was elated with the victory, it being gained in 
open field, the advantages greatly in favor of the 

General Hooker rode along the lines the morn- 
ing of the battle, receiving the enthusiastic cheers 
of the soldiers. He afterward issued a congratu- 
latory order. 

General Hood, who commanded the Confeder- 
ates, is reported as having remarked to his men 
as they were about to move to the attack, that 
they were going out to "gather acorns;" alluding 
to the soldiers of the 14th corps, who wore a badge 
representing an acorn. Their purpose was to break 
through on the left of that corps, supposing they 
would meet nothing more than a line of skirm- 
ishers in their front. They were not less surprised 
than disappointed, however, to find themselves 
among the "stars." 

After the burial of the rebel dead by the army 
on the 21st, the clearing of the battle field — col- 
lection and turning over of ordinance and other 
property — the troops advanced on the morning c-f 
the 22d toward Atlanta, the enemy having fallen 
back and established himself behind the inner de- 
fenses around the city. About one mile from tro 

battle-field of the 20th, a strong line of works 
were found, the second line of city defenses, which 
the enemy did not stop to occupy. 

Having proceeded several miles, the sound of op- 
posing skirmishers warned the troops, who were 
marching by the flank toward the city, that the 
"Johnnies" were about to make further resistance. 
The regiments were immediately formed in battle 
line and marched forward to within sight of the 
rebel defenses, when a halt was ordered and strong 
earthworks thrown up. The country through which 
this short advance was made was prolific of black- 
berries, which were left to the "bummers." After 
the brigade was halted the 105th found itself on 
the crest of one of the numerous hills for which 
the face of that region is noted. This position 
proved to be the most exposed of any regiment in 
the brigade, it being elevated and directly opposite 
a rebel battery. The boys quickly constructed earth- 
works here in order to protect themselves from the 
harrassing fire of the enemy. A battery was placed 
immediately behind the works, which made the po- 
sition of the 105th an interesting one. So soon as 
the guns were in position a deliberate fire was 
opened on the opposing battery, which elicited im- 
mediate reply from the latter. For a while the 
boys of the 105th found it behooved them to "lie 
down" and "grab a root" until the novelty of the 
situation wore away. After dark the rebels made 
two dashes into the pickets in front of the bri- 
gades. And so — on the 22d of July, 1S64, the 
siege of Atlanta commenced. 

The position of the command here was about one 
or two miles northeast of the Georgia railroad 
which connects Atlanta with Marietta and Chatta- 
nooga. A direct forward movement would have 
brought the brigade into the northern suburbs of 
the city. On the 23d the enemy shelled the regi- 
ment and battery at intervals all day and at night. 
Next day the same, the battery replying occasion- 
ally. The pickets were again alarmed in the 
evening. The same routine of artillery firing and 
dashing among the pickets was gone through with 
on the 25th. 

The picket line in the brigade front was some- 
what in advance of the line on the right and left. 
A deep ravine running from the enemy's works 
traversed the left of the brigade line, and led into 
the rear of the picket reserve post. The line 
might have been flanked here had the rebels been 



disposed to attempt it. This made this advanced 
position one demanding constant and close watch- 
fulness. The rebels made a strong dash on that 
part of the line on the night of the 24th, when a 
heavy lire of musketry took place Lieutenant 
Trego, of the 102d Illinois, was in charge of the 
outposts at that time, several of his men becoming 
frightened, fled to the rear, but the Lieutenant 
rallied the balance and under the enemy's fire gal- 
lantly urged them to stand firm, which they did. 
Soon the rebels were repulsed, after which the 
Lieutenant found that the reserve posl had been 
abandoned by all but Lieutenant Willard Scott of 
the 105th, and a few men. It appears that two 
('ivy lines of rebels were repelled by a skirm- 
ish line, which had been ingloriously deserted by 
the most of the supporting force. 

The lines were advanced and new entrenchments 
made during the first three days. < >n the night 
of the 26th the division moved back some distance 
in reserve, the 105th occupying some abandoned 
works. On the 28th orders were recei ed to move 
around t'> the right of the general line for the pur- 
pose of supporting General Howard's forces, who 
had become heavily engaged with the enemy, but 
ire the command had arrived within support- 
ing distance, word was sent to return to camp: the 
rebels having already been successfully repulse!. 

During the battle on the extreme left on the 
22d, the noble commander of the army of the Ten- 
oi ssee, fell — James B. McPherson. That com- 
mand had constituted the flanking army, and on 
the way from Chattanooga to Atlanta applied the 
key to the locks of rebel positions. The news of 
Mi Pherson's death was received along the lines 
amnl expressions of disappointment and with feel- 
ings of sorrow. 

Genera] Hooker called the officers of the Third 
Division together on the 29th, and bade them 
farewell, informing them that he had been ill 
used, and could no longer remain in command of 
the Twentieth Corps. The officers and men re- 
luctantly parted with the dashing old general, who 
had seemed every way worthy of his "stars." 

On the 20th the Third division moved around 
to the right some six miles, to support other move- 
ments and to protect the flank of the army near 
the Montgomery and West Point Railroad. The 
brigade supported a division of the Fourth corps, 
under General Jefferson C. Davis, while the latter 

took up a new position. Moved in rear of that 
division and constructed breastworks at a right 
angle with the mam line, protecting the flank and 
rear. Remained here doing picket duty and work- 
ing on fortifications until the 2d of August, when 
the command moved back along the left of the 
lines, and on the 3d relieved the First division of 
the Fourteenth corps, behind the front line of 
works, and near the Georgia railroad: the left of 
the 105th rested on the railroad track. 

The next day (4th), Colonel Dustin arrived 
from leave of absence in improved health, and as- 
-lined command of the regiment. His return was 
hailed with delight by all. especially as he brought 
with him numerous packages for distribution 
among the officers and men. from the friends of 
the regiment. Major Dutton and Captain Brown 
were on the 4th mustered in as Lieutenant Colonel 
and Major, respectively, having been previously 
recommended for those positions. The promotion 
in the field of those brave and popular officers 
gave greal satisfaction to the regiment, as experi- 
ence had developed in them rare executive power-, 
and good soldierly qualities. 

The regiment remained in the trenches until the 
nighl of the 25th, when the entire corps fell hack- 
to the Chattahoochee river, and the main arm) 
moved to the right, seizing upon the only railroad 
left to the rebels which resulted in the capture oi 

While lying in the trenches before Atlanta the 
energies of the troops were severely tested In the 
hard labor necessary for the construction of heavy 
works, abattis, etc. A battery — being portions of 
Captains Smith and Geary's — was located behind 
the fortifications with the 105th regiment, and the 
hoys in addition to strengthening their work- were 
detailed to assist the battery men in building extra 
h orks for the better protection of the gunners from 
the shells of the rehel guns. A strong fortifical ion, 
aliniii six feet high, was constructed with logs and 
dirt, in the form of a semi-circle, long enough to 
receive four guns with ease, the officers and men 
of the regiment detailed for the purpose, working 
at night in order to avoid the fire of rebel sharp- 
shooters. The battery frequently opened on the re- 
bel defense-, which were in plain view, making the 
regiment "bob" their heads down occasionally, as 
the fragments of rebel iron came s< reaming 
through the air in close proximity to their respeo- 



tive persons. Now and then a shell would burst 
immediately over the ''bummer's" quarters, fur- 
ther to the rear, sometimes disturbing the equili- 
brium of that class of "bummers" who would like 
to "get through safe if they could." 

Amid the perils of the situation there were al- 
ways found a few humorous spirits whose forte 
seemed to be to relieve, by some timely joke or 
"flash of merriment," the pains of the hour. Many 
a poor despairing mother's boy would have 
never seen his earthly home again had he 
not been made to forget his troubles by the 
wit or facetiousness of these happy fellows. 
In the different companies of the regiment 
were many such characters. No difficulties 
overcame them; they were constitutionally cheer- 
ful, and capable of extracting good cheer out of 
every occasion. Endurance was born of cheerful- 
ness, and so they fainted not. 

On the 9th, the guns along the lines opened and 
kept up a steady fire nearly all day, on the rebel 
defenses and the city. The rebel battery replied 
in the evening to the salutations of the guns of 
Captains Smith and Geary. Almost constantly, 
day and night, the regiment was exposed to the 
fire of sharp-shooters, the balls falling all about 
the grounds behind the works, now and then strik- 
ing a man. In this way Corporal J. L. Gage, of 
Company H, Captain J. S. Forsythe, was mortally 
wounded on the 12th, and a faithful colored cook 
of Company K, Captain A. F. Parke, instantly 
killed while eating his dinner, on the 14th. 
( )n the morning of the 13th, Second Lieutenant 
August H. Fischer of Company I, a most excel- 
lent young officer and esteemed comrade, was killed 
on the skirmish line in front of the works. His 
less was deeply felt by all the officers and men 
of the regiment; especially by the members of 
Company I, who had shared the dangers of conflict 
by his side, and respected him for his bravery. 
Lieutenant Fischer will be remembered for his 
genial temper, his unswerving fidelity, and nisi 
self -sacrifice. 

On the evening of the 16th, while superintend- 
ing some work near the fortifications before his 
company (E), Captain Martin V. Allen was 
severely wounded in his right arm, by a bullet 
from a sharpshooter. A number of men were mort- 
ally wounded on the skirmish line. 

The skirmish line was in such close proximity to 
the enemy that the men had to exercise the ut- 
most caution, and expend much labor in building 
rifle pits for the security of the pickets and skirm- 
ishers. The enemy seemed to take especial excep- 
tions to the operations of the men at this point la 
the lines, and kept up a steady, severe, and aimost 
incessant fire for several weeks. Being accus- 
tomed to take shelter behind certain houses near 
their own lines, they gained some advantage in fir- 
ing upon our men. Efforts had been made with 
the rebel pickets to stop this firing by mutual 
agreement, without success. On the night of the 
18th Coraoral Herman Furness, of Company C, 
and two comrades of the 105th, equipped with 
combustible material, proceeded cautiously out and 
set three of the buildings on fire, burning them to 
the ground. It was well and bravely done, after 
which picket firing was finally stopped by mutual 

Just back of the lines, several thirty-two pound 
parrot guns were operated almost continually night 
and day, for some weeks, shelling the city of At- 
lanta and the rebel defenses. Occasionally shells 
from these guns would prematurely explode before 
reaching our own lines, the pieces scattering in all 
directions among the men of the 105th, causing 
some annoyance, but no one was hurt by them. 
With additional danger it was amusing to hear 
the boys crying, "Hello ! fire in the !" "Lie down !" 
"Grab a root!" 

On the night of the 25th, the command with- 
drew from behind the works — the brigade band 
playing "Yankee Doodle" and other airs by way 
of a parting courtesy to the "Johnnies." During 
the night, as if suspecting the troops were retiring 
from their front, the rebel pickets fired at the 
105th skirmishers occasionally, and inquired, "Are 
you there?" To which inquiry they received a 
ready affirmative, "Yes, we are here." Whereupon 
the rebels would respond, "We just wanted to be 
sure about it — don't want you to get away without 
our knowledge of the fact." While this conversa- 
tion was going on the whole army was moving 
from behind the works, and the rebels soon found 
themselves outwitted. The 105th pickets failed to 
get the order to retire during the night, and re- 
mained at their several posts until about daylight 
in the morning, long after the troops and other 
pickets had gone. 



The command moved back to the Chattahoochee 
river, after being on the road all night, arriving at 
early dawn. On the 26th bivouacked on the south 
side of the river, and on the 27 th crossed the river 
and took up a position near the railroad track, 
between the 33d -Massachusetts and 129th Illinois 
regiments, where the 105th went into camp. Here 
the regiment with axes and hatchets hewed out a 
fine camping place in the woods. Together with 
the balance of the brigade the 105th guarded army 
supplies, ammunition and corps teams. 

On the morning of the 2d of September, Briga- 
dier General Ward, division commander, entered 
the city with a portion of the Third division, and 
the mayor formally surrendered to him all that 
was lei i of Atlanta. The regiment was moved 
back to the south side of the river, near the rail- 
road bridge, where it remained in camp until the 
morning of the 16th of September, when all the 
regiments of the brigade except the 105th, moved 
to Atlanta and rejoined the division, the 105th 
recrossing the river and camping close to the rail- 
road track a few T hundred yards from the river. 
Here, again the boys fitted up good quarters, and 
thoroughly policed their camp grounds, which 
were located pleasantly, facing an almost unob- 
structed view of the Chattahoochee river and val- 
ley for a distance of about eight miles. 

With the capture of Atlanta, what is called the 
•■Atlanta campaign." ended. The entire army had, 
amid tempests of fire which burst forth at various 
points, and under a steady rain of bullets for four 
long months, swept majestically down from Chat- 
tanooga to Atlanta, over mountains, rivers, and a 
continuous succession of hills and ravines. The 
country between the two places named, constituted 
one great battle-field for upwards of a hundred 
miles. While in camp on the south side of Chatta- 
hoochee river on the 10th of September, the fol- 
lowing congratulatory order of the major genernl 
commanding was read to the 105th. while on dress 
parade for the first time in four months. General 
Sherman in general terms summed up the achieve- 
ments of the army, thanked the officers and men 
for their indomitable courage, their perseverance 
and fidelity, and paid an eloquent tribute to the 
memory of fallen comrades. 

From the 16th of September to the 14th of No- 
vember the 105th remained encamped at Chatta- 

hoochee river, near the railroad bridge, as already 

Colonel Dustin was placed in command of the 
first brigade on the 18th of September, Colonel 
Harrison having been ordered to Indiana on spec- 
ial business. Lieutenant Colonel Dutton succeeded 
in command of the 105th. Subsequently General 
Ward received leave of absence of thirty days, 
when Colonel Dustin succeeded that officer in com- 
mand of the division. Colonel Smith of the 102d 
Illinois commanding the brigade. 

The changes occuring among the commissioned 
officers during the campaign and while the regi- 
ment rested at Chatta] :hee river, were: 

Lieutenant Colonel II. F. Vallette, Xaperville, 
DuPage county, resigned .Line 18, 1864; Major 
E. F. Dutton, DeKalb county, succeeding as lieu- 
tenant colonel; mustered August 4, 1864. 

Captain H. D. Brown, Company A, Sycamore, 
was promoted major June 18th, mustered Augu-t 
4th; First Lieutenant George B. Heath succeeding 
as captain. 

First Assistant Surgeon Alfred Waterman, War- 
renville, promoted chief surgeon, June 2d; Second 
Assistant Surgeon George W. Boggs, Naperville, 
hi ■■ eeded as first assistant surgeon. 

Captain Theodore S. Rogers, Company B, Na- 
perville, resigned September 30, 1864; First Lieu- 
tenant Lucius B. Church, Winfield, succeeding as 
captain. Lieutenant Church had been detailed at 
Gallatin on General Paine's staff, where he re- 
mained after the regiment moved from that point. 
Subsequently he was detailed as post quartermas- 
ter, and ordered to Paducah, Kentucky, where 
he remained during the balance of his term of ser- 
vice. Second Lieutenant Willard Scot! was com- 
missioned firs! lieutenant, September 30, 1864, but 
fur some unaccountable reason not mustered until 
•Line 1. 1865, within six days of the muster out of 
the regiment. Although entitled to enjoy such 
rank from every consideration of merit and capac- 
ity, he sustained his original position in Company 
B, until the end of the war. being the only officer 
in the regiment remaining with it to the end. 
whose services had not been officially acknowledged 
and rewarded. 

First Lieutenant John W. Burst, Company C, 
Franklin, honorably discharged, October in, 1864, 
on account of wounds received at Burnt Hickory, 
May 25th. First Serjreant Isaac S. Brundag. -1 



Cortland, promoted first lieutenant, October 18th. 
First Lieutenant William M. Tirtlot, Company F, 
honorably discharged, November 28, 1864, on ac- 
count of wounds received at Eeseca, May 15th. 
First Sergeant Melvin Smith, Winfield, promoted 
first lieutenant, April 13th, not mustered untu 
March 30, 1865. 

Captain John B. Nash, Company G, FranKlin, 
lesigned July 17, 1864. First Lieutenant John M. 
Smith commissioned captain, but not mustered. 

First Lieutenant Harvey Potter, Company H, 
Ashburv, DeKalb, resigned August 17, 1864 
First Sergeant Frank II. Cole, Somonauk, suc- 
ceeding as first lieutenant. 

Captain William 0. Locke, Company I, Addi- 
son, DuPage, honorably discharged, August 25, 

1864, on account of wounds received at Reseca, 
May 15th; First Lieutenant George A. Bender, 
Chicago, mustered as captain, October 15th. 

First Sergeant Henry Eeinking, Company I, 
Addison, commissioned second lieutenant June 7, 

1865, vice Second Lieutenant Augustus H. Fischer, 
killed at Atlanta, August 13, 1864. 

On the 9th of September, the news of the death 
of that famous guerilla chief, John Morgan, wa^ 
reported in camp, which proved to be a true report, 
notwithstanding many "grape-vine" dispatches 
were being received among the boys during the 
resting spell of the army at Atlanta and vicinity. 
The same day a report that the guerilla Wheeler 
had cut the railroad communications of the armv 
between Atlanta and Chattanooga also proved 
true, but the only ill effects experienced was the 
temporary stoppage of the army mails, which sev- 
ered the sympathetic lines between the boys in 
camp and friends at home. 

A report of casualties pertaining to the 105tn 
was made out on the 10th of September, embracing 
the names of officers and men killed, wounded and 
missing during the Atlanta campaign, showing the 
following numbers: Commissioned officers killed. 
two; wounded, thirteen; enlisted men killed, forty- 
one; wounded, one hundred and three; missing, 
two ; total casualties, officers and men, one hun- 
dred and sixty-one. 

The number of officers and men, embracing the 
whole belonging to the regiment, present and ab- 
sent, on the 30th of April, 1864, amounted to six 
hundred and seventy-four; on the 10th of Sep- 
tember, five hundred and eighty-seven. On the for- 
mer date that number was situated as follows : 

Present, officers and men, for duty, four hundred 
and forty six; on special or daily duty, seventy- 
two ; sick twenty-seven, five hundred and forty-five. 
Absent, on detailed service, eighty-six; with leave, 
seven; sick, etc., thirty-three; without authority, 
three, one hundred and twenty-nine; present, for 
duty, two hundred and sixty three; on special oi 
daily duty, forty-two; sick, thirty-two, three 
hundred and thirty-seven. Absent, on detached 
service, ninety-six; with leave, twelve; sick, 
one hundred and forty-two — two hundred and 
fifty; present and absent, live hundred and eighty- 

The effective force of the regiment on the 30th 
of April, 1864, or just before the opening of the 
campaign, embracing commissioned officers and 
enlisted men, was four hundred and forty-six. On 
the 10th of September or just after the close of the 
campaign, two hundred and sixty-three. 

The 1st of October, the First brigade returned 
from garrison duty at Atlanta and took up posi- 
tion on the 4th, near the railroad bridge on the 
south side of the river. Just now the main army 
was on the lookout for General Hood's torces, 
who seemed disposed to punish General Sherman 
by making a formidable raid on the railroad in 
his rear. Cannonading was heard on the 2d, in 
the direction of Sandtown, south of the railroad 
bridge, and there was considerable activity mani- 
fest among the troops. The two long wagon and 
railroad bridges were partially undermined and 
carried away by high water, when pontoons were 
immediately thrown across the river, over which 
General Howard's command crossed on the 4th, 
passing the camp of the 105th on their way for 
the raiders. Five companies, comprising the left 
wing of the 105th, were stationed in a strong 
earth fort opposite the camp on the 6th, and 
heavy details made for work on the fortifications 
Two guns were placed in this fort and two in a 
fort near the camp. After a few days of hard 
toil, during which the boys completed the work on 
the forts and surrounded them with heavy abattis, 
the men announced themselves ready for the 
"Johnnie Hoods." But beyond the occasional 
dashes of marauding parties at different points on 
the road near this section, nothing transpired to 
disturb the quiet of the brigade. 

During the passage of General Howard's troops 
General Sherman and a portion of his staff, who 



were accompanying them, dined at regimental 
headquarters by invitation of Lieutenant Colonel 
Dutton. The general was then, to the casual ob- 
server, an ordinary appearing man. of medium 
height, slender, unstately and wiry. He seemed 
absorbed and nervous. Stepping up to the tent 
door, without ceremony, he remarked inquiringly, 
"Ts this the place?" and in he strode, taking a 
seat at the table. In military campaigning he was 
entirely unassuming in his manners, but eminently 
practical, and seemingly oblivious to everything 
save the work of the time. As an operator in th2 
field this plain man is one of consummate skill, 
Atlanta is a fitting commentary on his genius. 

Lieutenant Colonel Dutton received leave of 
absence on the 28th of September, and started for 
his home at Sycamore on the !>th of October, Major 
Brown succeeding to the command of the regiment. 
Several officers receiving leave of absence were de- 
tained at camp until the railroad bridge was re- 
paired, admitting the passage of upward bound 
trains from Atlanta. 

Captain C. 6. Culver. Company ('. and First 
Lieutenant Melvin Smith, Company F. with a de- 
tachment of men, on the 3d, acting under impera- 
tive orders, destroyed a bridge over a creek at an 
important point several miles down the river, re- 
maining there on the lookout for guerrillas two 
days. Scouting and foraging parties were sent 
nut frequently from the brigade. An orderly on 
duty at brigade headquarters was killed by .i 
guerrilla while bearing a dispatch to Atlanta, on 
the 11th. 

The danger to this position contingent on the 
movements of Hood's forces being passed, the left 
wing of the regiment was moved back from tha 
fort to the main camp, on the 17th. On the 19th, 
a train of cars was partially burned by guerillas 
on the road between Marietta and Chattanoochee 

The regiment received eight months pay on the 

A train on its way to Atlanta was molested by 
guerillas on the 20th. producing quite a panic 
among a number of unarmed men, some striking 
for the woods and running several miles back to 
camp. This was a little rebel victory. 

The regiment received an elegant new statin of 
colors on the 21st. 

Major Brown was sent into the country on the 
24th in charge of a foraging party of some tire 
hundred and fifty men and a long train of wagons. 
After three days absence he returned with men 
and train intact, having loaded his wagons with 
corn and provisions. On the second day out the 
party was attacked several times by guerillas, and 
the major narrowly escaped being shot. Amoflg 
the articles secured by foragers in large quanti- 
ties were corn, pumpkins and sweet potatoes, which 
taken with '"Tiard tack''" and coffee, was deemed 
a healthful combination for the disters of the 
First brigade — the mules generally eating the 

(in the 29th the regiment received orders to 
>end back all surplus baggage, preparatory to en- 
tering upon another active campaign. Several 
absentees arrived, reporting for duty. 

Brigadier General Ward arrived from the North. 
where he hail been on leave of absence, and re-as- 
sumed command of the Third division on the 31st. 
Soon after his return, November 9th, Colonel 
Dust in was placed in command of the Second 
brigade of the Third division, formerly command- 
ed by Colonel John Coburn, of the 33d Indiana. 
This command Colonel Dustin retained until the 
close of the war. Colonel Dutton then took per- 
manent command of the regiment. Since the 
battle of Atlanta, on the 20th of July, the lieu- 
tenant-colonel rose still higher in the estimation 
of the men. and was deemed an officer fit to suc- 
ceed the colonel as regimental commander. 

Adjutant D. D. Chandler, of the 10.3th. was 
mentioned by Colonel Dustin, and also by General 
Ward, in connection with a position mi their re- 
spective staffs. No officer was more assiduous in 
his duties, and none filled their offices with more 
credit than this officer. 

General Thomas' headquarter train passed the 
camp of the 105th on the 31st, en route to Chat- 
tanooga. As General Hood's command had now 
struck out for Nashville, General Thomas moved 
to that point to receive him. 

On the -"ith of November the regiment received 
marching orders and was prepared to move on 
short notice, but the orders were countermanded. 
Considerable speculation as to where General 
Sherman would go next was indulged in by the 
troops, but all in vain. Such information was 
"contraband of war." But everv soldier knew 



the army was soon to enter upon a long and rapid 
inarch. Accustomed to march together and to 
"strike together," its future movements were des- 
tined to be executed expeditiously and success- 
fully. Sherman's men had finally attained to that 
degree of boldness and endurance, in their educa- 
tion and experience as soldiers, as to be regarded 
by the rebels and the world quite invincible. 

The last train of cars passed up the road north- 
ward on the 15th, when the troops of the Fif- 
teenth corps tore up the track from Marietta to 
Chattahoochee river, the men of the 105th assist- 
ing in the work on the 15th. The railroad bridge 
was destroyed in the evening. On the 14th the 
regiment finally broke up camp and started at six 
o'clock for Atlanta, destroying the remainder of 
the track on the way. Regiment camped one mile 
beyond the city, ready to enter upon the grand 
march commenced by Sherman's expedition on the 
following day. 

General Sherman's forces embraced the Four- 
teenth, Seventeenth and Twentieth Army Corps, 
making over 50,000 men, besides 9,000 picked 
cavalry under Kilpatrick. They were supplied 
with thirty days' rations for man and beast. With 
a scout system and courier line complete, this com- 
bination swept across the State of Georgia with 
the force of a mighty whirlwind, destroying rail- 
roads, bridges, mills, cribs, gin houses, cotton 
screws, gins, etc., carrying off stock, provisions and 
negroes. The station houses along the railroads 
were burnt, and hundreds of unoccupied buildings 
of all kinds destroyed, together with large quanti- 
ties of lumber, fences, cotton and every kind of 
property calculated for the comfort of rebels and 
the use of rebel armies. The country was rich, 
and provisions abounded. The troops subsisted 
on fresh pork, sweet potatoes, flour and meal, with 
all the concomitant luxuries; among which may 
be mentioned turkeys, chickens, ducks, molasses, 
sugar, etc. 

The expedition being set in motion on the morn- 
ing of the 15th of November, the Twentieth Corps 
moved out with its long wagon train on the De- 
catur pike in the direction of that place. The 
First brigade fell into the column at noon. Be- 
ing in the rear of the corps and behind the train, 
the marching was during the day and night slow 
and tedious. About thirty-four hours of such 
marching brought the command to its first en- 

campment, at a point on the Atlanta and Augusta 
Railroad called Iithonia, having crossed a branch 
of Ocmulgee river, near Decatur, and passed Stone 
mountain. The railroad was destroyed as the col- 
umn advanced. 

Atlanta was left partially in flames. During 
the night of the 15th the consuming elements cast 
a glare of red to the heavens, grandly contrasting 
with the surrounding gloom. Thus, the horrors of 
the torch were added to the powers of the sword, 
and Atlanta brought to a fiery judgment. 

The march was resumed at early dawn on the 
17th, the First brigade in advance of the column. 
Marching rapidly, the brigade made some twenty 
miles, foraging off the country as it passed. For- 
agers brought to camp sweet potatoes in abund- 
ance, shotes, chickens and honey. Fine country, 
watered by numerous streams. 

Moved fifteen miles on the 18th, arriving at the 
fair village of Social Circle, on the railroad, at 
noon. Passed through Rutledge station before 
evening. Camped beyond at seven o'clock. The 
progress of the troops not yet impeded. Fair 

On the 19th moved seven miles, the First brig- 
ade being in the rear. Passed through the large 
and beautiful town of Madison, on the railroad, 
the county seat of Morgan county. Camped sev- 
eral miles beyond on the Milledgeville pike. Great 
activity among the foragers and "bummers." At 
Madison the soldiers were received with joy by the 
blacks. The whites looked on in silence. The 
regiment entered the town with flag unfurled. 
The word among the negroes, old and young, as 
the column was passing through the streets, was 
"Is you gwine?" One answer, as overheard by a 
number of the 105th, was "Gwine? I'se already 
gone !" Indeed, many followed the army from 
this point, men, women, children and babies. The 
women carried their bundles on their heads, their 
children on their backs and in their arms — as, for 
instance, a wench following the 105th with a huge 
bundle of clothes and traps on her head, arms full 
of babies and one child on her back ! She wanted 
to see good old "Mass Linkum." They advised 
her to return to her old haunts, but the spirit of 
resolution said "nay." Evidently her life was set 
upon a cast, and she would stand the hazard of the 
die. What became of the poor soul is not known. 

■.'I I 


i)ii the 20th marched at five o'clock, morning. 
Weather cloudy and damp: considerable rain last 
night. Distance marched, about twelve miles. 
( lamped within two miles of Eatonton, a pleasant- 
looking town of about 1,800 inhabitants. Fine 

The weather very wet and disagreeable on the 
21st. Troops marched under heavy and steady 
rain part of the day, literally wading single file, 
through mud. Passed through Eatonton. from 
which place a railroad called the Eatonton branch 
runs down through Milledgeville, connecting at 
Number Seventeen with the Georgia Central Kail- 
road, passed through a small place called Fairfield. 
on the railroad. Camped at dusk. Marched rap- 
idly on Milledgeville. Entered the place in good 
order at 4 p. m., with colors flying and bands 
playing. The colored population received the 
troops with great satisfaction as usual. Camped 
in the city limits. 

Remained in camp at this point on the 23d. In 
the evening the regiment was detailed to assist in 
destroying rebel property. Several thousand stands 
of arms, and a large amount of ammunition was 
committed to the flames. Also, twenty casks of 
salt thrown into the river. 

Resumed the march at dawn on the •■24th. cross- 
ing the Oconee river northeasl of town. On the 
road all day and night, the teams beim: delayed 
by bad roads. Camped at three o'clock a. m. 

On the 25th moved only five miles, starting at 
noon, the brigade in the rear. The rebels burned 
a number of bridges ovei swampy ground and 
streams, the column being delayed until the road 
was repaired. Heard cannonading in the direc- 
tion of the other columns. Columns passing 
through swampy country: enemy seeking to re- 
tard the progress of the tioops. 

Passed over regular Georgia swamps on the 
26th ; marching rapidly after noon, arrived at 
3 rsville, a small, dull place, at about 1 p. m.: 
105th camped close to the town: Wheelers cav- 
alry hovering about in front. Skirmishing for 
two days — several killed. Sandersville is near the 
Georgia Central rail mad. in Hancock county. The 
business portion of the town was sacked, of course, 
the troops of the column in turn helping them- 
selves, to whatever they wanted from the stores. 
In some of the towns goods had been removed in 
order to prevent them from falling into the hands 

of the Yankees. In Madison the stores were found 
empty and deserted. 

Left Sandersville at 8 o'clock, on the 27th, 
marching rapidly to the railroad, which the col- 
umn crossed, moving some distance on the wrong 
road. General Slocum righted the column, after 
parading up and down the road several times in 
a swearing mood. Arrived at Davisboro, on the 
railroad, at sundown, regiment camping in a pea- 
nut patch. Here the boys met troops of one of 
the other corps. Everybody seemed to be in ec- 
stacies. The foragers, sent out daily from the reg- 
iment, were gathering in the very fat of the land. 
The "bummers," wha roamed unrestrained over 
the country, were filling their pockets with treas- 
ure- and dressing themselves up in broadcloth 
clothes. In short, the boys felt "bully." They 
aeted on the hypothesis that "all is fair in love 
and war." 

Citizens in the country were in the habit of 
secreting goods, and burying valuables, to keep 
them from the raiders, but the "Yankees" espied 
them out. Most everything was overturned in 
smoke-houses and kitchens, during the search for 
edibles; the foragers for the yards and kitchens, 
and the "bummers" for the parlors, bed-rooms 
and bureau drawers. Let the reader imagine a 
bouse full of forage and pleasure-seekers, activelv 
manipulating the effects of the premises, and some 
idea of a raid in war-times may be gained. This 
is tlie unavoidable, natural consequence of war. 
"Those who take up the sword must perish by the 

<)n the '.'Mb left Davisboro at 11 o'clock, mak- 
ing a rapid march toward Louisville, a point 
twelve miles northeast of Davisboro. Arrived 
within seven miles of the town and camped early 
in the afternoon. The early halt at this point was 
oci asioned by the burning of bridges over swamps 
and across a branch of the Ogeechee river, near 

During the day Captain ('. G. Culver, Company 
('. in charge of a foraging party from tlie regi- 
ment, curried the war to ex-Governor Herchel 
Van Johnson'- residence, divesting his cupboard 
of many goodly meats. The "bummers" took his 
damask curtains. 

The road having been repaired, the column 
moved forward on the 20th. the first brigade start- 
ing at one o'clock, afternoon. The 105th and a 



part of the 102d Illinois were thrown forward i 
mile on the double-quick to protect the pontoon 
train, reported to have been attacked by guerrillas. 
On arriving near the wagons they were found safe, 
the enemy having been easily dispersed. Crossed 
river branch, passed through Louisville, and 
tamped at dusk three miles beyond the town. 

Remained in camp on the 30th, the bad state 
of the roads in the swamps evidently being the 
cause of the delay. Foragers were sent out from 
the regiment, coming in close proximity with 
guerrillas; but enough forage was gathered be- 
fore the party returned to camp. 

On the 1st of December resumed the march at 
ten a. m., moving in single file by the train, the 
swampy country not admitting the passage of 
troops and the train together in many places. The 
work of getting the trains over the roads was ac- 
complished with difficulties. Arrived in camp at 
nine p. m. ; distance about seven miles. 

The guerrillas attacked the mounted men of the 
first brigade, and after a brisk skirmish fight the 
latter fell back to the column, losing several men. 

November 2d, a clear sky and balmy atmosphere 
— characteristic of fall weather of old Georgia ! 
The command marches "IV, full of inspiration of 
good weather, starting at eleven a. m. and turning 
into camp at eleven p. m., tired and hungry. 
Distance fourteen miles. 

On the 3d proceeding a few miles through 
swamps, the column emerged into a beautiful pine 
forest, near the line of the Savannah and Augusta 
Railroad. Here the first brigade left the column, 
and, after a rapid march of four miles northward, 
struck the railroad at a point forty-five miles from 
Augusta and thirteen miles from Millen Junction. 
After destroying several miles of railroad track 
and a large quantity of lumber, moved down the 
track and rejoined the column. Arrived in camp 
about one a. m., after a tedious night inarch 
through muddy swamps, woods, rain and pitch 

On the 4th marched ten miles, passing through 
several swamps and pine forests. Country well 
supplied with good water. Cannonading heard in 
the direction of Millen Junction. 

The whole country over which the army passed 
seemed to be disfigured by fire — houses, fences, 
woods and grass burning in all directions. Imme- 
diately along the line of the marching column the 

fences were consumed by the fiery element, and 
during the long night marches, on either side, the 
roads were arrayed with lights. Frequently the 
tired trampers were deceived by the fires; calcu- 
lating that they were drawing near where the ad- 
vance had already gone into camp. But usually 
a long series of lights intervened ere the object of 
desire was reached. 

On the 5th moved about eight miles, passing 
the first division encamped. Turned in at three 
p. m. here to await the arrival of General Geary's 
command. The advance skirmished with the ene- 
my, pressing him right along. Passed more 
swamps. Twelve miles to nearest point of Savan- 
nah river. 

Moved forward to within nine miles northwest 
of Springfield, on the 6th, and camped at sun- 
down. The road obstructed by felled trees, but 
quickly removed or evaded. 

Captain Culver, in charge of a small party, 
captured a smart-looking rebel second-lieutenant. 

On the 7th pushed rapidly on, the first brigade 
in advance of the corps. Moved five miles, when 
the head of the column paused on the borders of 
a huge swamp, the road here being blockaded by 
trees. Before the pioneers cleared and repaired 
the road the brigade passed over. Stripped of all 
encumbrances, the command moved briskly for- 
ward, four miles, and occupied Springfield with- 
out opposition. Here turned in and awaited the 
arrival of the column. 

Springfield is the county seat of Effingham 
county, probably twenty-five miles from Savannah; 
a small, dingy-looking place among the swamps. 
The citizens — mainly women — had buried many 
valuables in the yards, but the soldiers exhumed 
them. Fine dishes, silver spoons, articles of cloth- 
ing and other things too numerous to mention 
were carried off by the boys. One man dressed 
himself up as a lady — his toilet rather rudely 

A member of the One Hundred and Fifth en- 
tered a doctor's office in quest of some improved 
liquors, of which he was passionately fond. He 
unwittingly seized upon a bottle marked "Vimim 
Antimonia" (wine of antimony, an emetic), tak- 
ing it for a superior quality of wine. In the ardor 
of self-congratulation at his success, he imme- 
diately partook of the precious fluid. But, alas 
for the infelicitous effects of vinum antimony — as 



a beverage — upon the human organism, ere mam- 
moments "Jonah"' was heaved out on dry land. 

Remained in camp throughout the day on the 
8th. During this pause the foragers and "bum- 
mers" had an interesting time looking over the 
country and overhauling "other folks' things." 
Several miles away a dwelling, well stocked with 
household effects, among which was a pianoforte 
and a large collection of books, became the scene 
of spoliation. The foragers from the One Hun- 
dred and Fifth found it deserted by its occupants. 
and full of men ransacking the rooms, drawers, 
and scattering the books and pictures about the 
doors, and even in the yard. This is what war 
brings alike to the innocent and the guilty. 

At sundown the regiment and brigade fell into 
the rear of the column, and. amid the glare of 
burning buildings. mn\ed slnwh mil of the town. 
Ui'T a wearisome, jogging march all night and 
after broad daylight, paused fifteen minutes for 
breakfast. Cannonading heard in the night in 
the direction of the river. 

On the 9th the column was cm the road, moving 
along all day and until late in the night; no sleep 
for forty hours. The advance of the corps cap- 
tured two small earthworks, located several miles 
north of the railroad. Works defended by four 
hundred men. with three pieces of artillery. 

The first brigade in advance of the tenth, the 
One Hundred and Fifth at the head of the bri- 
gade. Marched up to within four and a half 
miles of Savannah, meeting the enemy's pickets 
before the defenses around the city. The brigade 
was immediately deployed in the line on the right 
of the main pike and near the Savannah and 
Charleston Railroad, the One Hundred and Fifth 
holding a position on the right of the line in the 
brigade. There was some fighting on the right 
by the troops of the Seventeenth Corps. 

The march was concluded on the twenty-sixth 
day out from Atlanta. The siege of Savannah 
commenced, lasting ten days. 

On the- llth and 12th the regiment shifted its 
position tunc during the establishment of the 

The Second clivi>ioii. Fifteenth Corps, charged 
and captured Fori McAllister, with all its men and 
armament, on the 13th. thus opening a base at 
the mouth of the Ogeeehee river, at Ossabaw 
Sound. Official notice of the capture, and conse- 

quent opening of communication with the national 
fleet, was received along the lines on the 15th. 

On the 16th and 17th the regiment threw up 
a I eavy line of works, and on the night of the 
20th a line was thrown up on the skirmish line. 
On the night of the 18th Captain J. S. Forsythe. 
( lompany H, in charge of ten men, was sent out on 
a reconnoisance to ascertain the position of the 
enemy in front of the brigade. He proceeded to 
within twenty yards of the enemy's lines, en- 
countering a deep swamp. He observed their 
fires and heard them talk: after drawing their 
lire, he returned with his party, having accom- 
plished all that was desired. 

\o casualties occurred in the One Hundred and 
Fifth while laying before the city. The enemy 
kept their guns at work, and occasionally a shell 
would burst over the camp, the missiles scattering 
among the boys, but no one was hurt. 

During the march several men were missing 
Captain George A. Bender, Company I, was 
wounded in the back and ankle severely, while 
working on the railroad between Chattahoochee 
river and Atlanta, on the 15th of November. 

While before the city the army subsisted on rice 
and stale fresh beef — a rather slim diet. The 
former was taken from mills in large quantities 
and hulled by the soldiers. 

As the army was about to make a general as- 
sault upon the defenses the enemy evacuated the 
city, and in the words of the editor of the daily 
(Savannah i Republican, it was surrendered to "a 
magnanimous foe." The army entered the city 
on the '21st inst. 

A large amount of cotton, hundreds of guns 
and other property fell into the hands of the na- 
tional authorities with the fall of Savannah. 

The troops, in ecstacies over the victorious cul- 
mination of the campaign, left their entrench- 
ments early Wednesday evening, the 21st, and 
marched forward to behold their capture — Sa- 
vannah ! 

The firs! brigade was assigned to a pleasant 
camping ground in the western suburbs of the 
city on the 21st. and there the One Hundred and 
Fifth rested until the beginning of the campaign 
of the Carolina-. 

The spirit of speculation was rife during the 
first days of the occupation of the national troops. 
Soldiers from all regiments were to be seen on 



the sidewalks, and even the middle of the streets, 
trafficking in tobacco and other articles which 
had been easily obtained in the confusion incident 
to the transfer of the city to national authority. 
Greenbacks rose suddenly in Savannah. Fair 
damsels sat at their windows, with sweet corn- 
bread and biscuits, for greenbacks, and little rebel 
bojs paraded the streets with cigars, for green- 
backs. The greenback fever was communicated 
to the various camps and the soldiers — especially 
the "bummers" — fell to playing "chuckaluck" for 
greenbacks. In a few days a general order had 
In be issued restraining the excessive indulgence 
in "chuckaluck," etc. 

Confederate currency went down immediately 
and thr citizens of Savannah sold their share of 
it at a great discount, for greenbacks, to those 
who desired to purchased for relics or novelty. 
Siime parted with it reluctantly, evidently still 
being fondly joined to their idols. 

At the close of the campaign Major Brown, 
who had commanded the regiment, complimented 
the officers and men for their good conduct 
throughout; their rapid and steady marching; 
their willingness to facilitate the passage of the 
teams over the roads, and for the alacrity with 
which they responded to all details. 

On the 26th of December orders were received 
to prepare for another campaign. A little curious 
to know what point they were to "go for" next, 
the officers and men set about the work of prepa- 
ration promptly. They easily pursuaded them- 
selves that the rebellious soil of South Carolina 
would be their next field of operations, and they 
were elated with the idea of punishing that con- 
stitutionally hot-tempered region. 

The First brigade was reviewed on the 29th 
of December by Colonel Smith, of the One Hun- 
dred and Second Illinois, commanding tem- 
porarily. Thr Twentieth Corps was reviewed by 
General Sherman on the 30th in the streets of 

On the morning of the 31st the third division 
left camp, crossed the river to Hutchinson Island, 
opposite the city, and immediately proceeded to 
the channel about a- mile distant, next to the 
South Carolina side. The weather was unfavor- 
able — the low ground and muddy roads rendering 
it impracticable to proceed with the work of 
pontooning, the channel being broad and the wa- 

ters boisterous. The second and third brigades 
were ordered back to town to remain until opera- 
tions lor crossing could be resumed as soon as the 
weather would permit. The first brigade remained 
on the island. A few shots were exchanged with 
Wheeler's men, who were on the other side. A 
man in Company A, Corporal Spafford R. De- 
t'onl, was mortally wounded atncl died the next 
day. This was Hie first fatal thrust from South 
Carolina. A gun was planted and a few shells 
sent over, when the boys had the satisfaction of 
witnessing a stampede of rebel cavalry. 

The entrance of tie new year. 1865, into the 
annals of time and the entrance of the first bri- 
gade into the state of South Carolina came to- 
gether. January 1st the brigade crossed from 
Hutchinson Island to the South Carolina side 
in small boats and barges; proceeded some five 
or six miles into the country and camped al a 
line but deserted place of a Dr. Cheever, formerly 
a wealthy South Carolinian. The Doctor (now 
deceased) had realized as high as $700,000 an- 
nually on bis rice plantation through which the 
brigade marched. The mansion is a very large 
two-story gothie and elaborately finished. Many 
of the plants and shrubs remain, fitting remind- 
ers of former elegance and refinement. Brigade 
headquarters were situated here. Major Brown, 
commanding the One Hundred and Fifth, used 
the overseer's house for regimental headquarters 
a building of no mean pretensions even for an 
overseer. All the other buildings were pulled 
down for worn!. 

While encamped near Cheever's farm the good 
chaplain of the One Hundred and Fifth. Daniel 
Chapman, resigned, January 8th, and left for 

Ins In •. On the loth the regiment shifted its 

position in order to enjoy better grounds and 
more room than was possible in the old fortifica- 
tions. On the night of the Kith a wagon-load of 
shell oysters, fresh from Hie coast, was issued 
to the regiment. On the 1 7th the division moved 
on and occupied Hardeeville, a point twenty miles 
from Savannah on the Charleston and Savannah 
Railroad. While here the troops were treated to 
four days incessant rain. On the 20th the camp 
nf tic One Hundred and Fifth was so nearly in- 
undated that it became necessary to move if. At 
this place the regiment received one hundred and 
forty-three new Springfield guns with accouter- 



menu, which were distributed among all the 

Captain Martin V. Allen, Company E, was 
honorablv discharged Januan v'o. 1m;.">. mi ac- 
count of wounds received before Atlanta. 

Lieutenant Colonel Dutton. Surgeon Water- 
man and Lieutenant John Ellis, Company K, ar- 
rived on the 22d Erom tin North, where they 
had been on leave. The Lieutenant Colonel 
brought through two large boxes and several va- 
lises of articles from the friends of the regiment, 
which were received with great satisfaction; much 
credit being due that officer Eor their safe arrival 
to these apparently godless regions. 

At Hardeeville Lieutenant Colonel Button re- 
lieved Major Brown. In this new and dangerous 
march the line military abilities of the Lieutenanl 
Colonel were particularly desirable and his char- 
acteristic dash, coupled witli the coolness and 

fidelity of the major, was worthy of the g 1 

cause for which it was being exercised. 

The last drill of tin' first brigade came off on 
the 25th of January while at Hardeeville. Here 
the boys of the various regiments joined in the 
work of burning more buildings. A church edi- 
fice was destroyed by fire. 

On the 29th the troops moved for Robertsville. 
the third division in rear of the first. Marched 
rapidly about fifteen miles, camping at sundown. 
On the 30th a live-mile march brought the com- 
mand to Robertsville, where it tinned into camp 
at noon. 

Finally, from Robertsville, the grand move- 
ment commenced in earnest. After remaining 
at that place two days the Twentieth Corps 
"launched out** further into the native regions 
of "Secessia" on the morning of February 2, i860, 
in the order of march the Army of the Tennessee, 
Fifteenth and Seventieth Corps, were on the right. 
the Army of Georgia. Fourteenth and Twentietl 
Corps on the left ami the Cavalry Corps ^t i 11 fur- 
ther to the left. The corps moved on roads parallel 
with each other in live columns. 

The troops set out with the feeling that, inas- 
much as more campaigning and raiding was nec- 
essary to close up the rebellion, they were re- 
joiced to know that South Carolina was to be the 
field of operations, and they resolved that she 
should be pretty thoroughly overhauled and that 
rebellion should soon "play out" all around. The 

"bummers" especially resolved themselves into a 
"committee of the whole on the State of Carolina*' 
and determined to "go it on their own hook,'* 
as they did through Georgia — only more so. 

(in the morning of the 2d the Twentieth Corps 
moved forward, the One Hundred and Fifth regi- 
ment in advance of the column. The regiment 
soon run against rebels. At two o'clock, after- 
noon, as the column was approaching the small 
town of Lawtonville the advanced two companies 
were suddenly fired into by a strong force of 
Wheeler's cavalry. Immediately two more com- 
panies of the One Hundred and Fifth were de- 
ployed ;i- skirmishers and advanced, but the en- 
emy being found strongly posted behind barricades 
ami a line of thick woods bordering a marshy 
creek, the entire regiment, together with two com- 
panies from the One Hundred and Twenty-Ninth 
Illinois, on its left, was deployed and Lieutenant 
Colonel Hut ton in charge ordered to advance. 
Willi the other regiments of the brigade in sup- 
porting distance the skirmishers deliberately ad- 
vanced across the open fields on either side of the 
road miller m heavy fire, driving the enemy out 
of hi- works to the suburbs of the town. The 
skirmishers kept up a sharp fire at the rebels as 
they advanced and by a slight wheel to the right 
and another advance on the run through the 
swamp and timber, in which was a dense growth 
of underbrush and running vines, the enemy's 
position was Hanked and the rebels were driven 
through ami a mile beyond the town. Some artil- 
lery was u -I'd with good effect. 

The fight was almost wholly made by the One 
Hundred and Fifth. The advance was conducted 
with order and decision and of course with suc- 
cess. The regiment and two additional compa- 
nies deployed made a line about one-fourth mile 
in length, which as it coolly moved forward, fir- 
ing, presented the appearance of men going 
through the evolutions of skirmish drill. There 
weie eight casualties in the regiment and six men 
had their clothes pierced with bullets. Colonel 
Dutton and Lieutenant Melvin Smith, command- 
ing t ompany F. were among the lucky ones who 
were simply wounded in the clothes. Several of 
the enemy's dead were left in the bands of the 
regimen! or brigade and it was ascertained that 
several in-'ie. with their wounded, were carried 
off In them. 



It was afterward learned that the whole of 
Wheeler's rebel cavalry, three or four thousand, 
were posted at Eawtonville and that they were 
determined to stoutly resist the passage of our 
troops at the swamp near the town. The enemy 
retreated during the night, while the first brigade 
camped on the famous little battle-field at Law- 

The march was resumed in the morning at 10 
o'clock, the regiment in the rear of column. Be- 
yond the town a- large and elegant dwelling was 
passed. The house was splendidly furnished with 
rich carpets, a library of books, piano forte and 
furniture of the number one kind. The grounds 
were laid out tastefully and highly ornamented 
with various kinds of shrubbery. This was the 
property of a rebel officer and had been the head- 
quarters of the rebel General Wheeler. Ere the 
rear of the column had arrived it was discovered 
thai the house was on fire. It seems it had beeii 
fired in accordance with orders given by proper 

The column proceeded on the Barnwell road 
nine miles and camped at Crossroads. 

On the 4th moved ten miles. Good weather, 
country higher : well supplied with water. For- 
age in abundance. The foragers and "bummers" 
in high spirits. All the country for a space of 
about sixty miles being overrun by the army as 
it sweeps on. The boys bring into camp at night 
bacon, sweet potatoes — or "yams" — chicken, fresh 
pork, molasses, butter and many other eatables. 
The "bummers" help themselves to any kind of 
valuables within reach, people burying their jew- 
elry, watches, money, etc. 

Sunday, 5th February. Wea-ther delightfully 
clear and mild. The first brigade moved out in 
advance of division, guarding wagon train. Pro- 
ceeded ten miles, camping near Fifteenth Corps. 
Better country. 

On the 6th weather cloudy and raining. Moved 
out late in the morning. Crossed Combahee river, 
passing through rebel fortifications, from whence 
the Fifteenth Corps had driven the rebels. 

Private Jenkins, of Company I. with a com- 
rade from another regiment, while foraging moved 
ahead of the column and at sundown found them- 
selves very near the camp of tbe rebel General 
Wheeler. Having been unsuccessful in foraging 
they determined not to return to camp without 

some trophy. A rebel lieutenant and sergeant, 
having ridden out of their camp, came near the 
boys, who demanded their surrender. With re- 
luctance they complied, were made to dismount 
and deliver up their revolvers and sabers. Jen- 
kins and his comrade mounted their horses, re- 
quiring the "Johnnies"-' to walk into the "Yankee" 
camp, which they did in "good order." This was 
a "feather in Jenkins cap." 

On the 8th the command reached the Charles- 
ton and Augusta Railroad near Grahams, captured 
two prisoners and destroyed the track, heating 
many of the rails red hoi and winding them 
around the trees. 

On moved our boys, weary hul triumphant, 
through varying weather, cold, stormy and sleet} 
on one day, mild and charming with the beau- 
ties of a southern spring on the next. We passed 
through Williston February 11th, forded the icy 
cold South Edisto river on the 12th, near which 
Lieutenant John Ellis, of Company C, while in 
charge of a foraging party captured three rebel 
soldiers. The 14th and 15th the rain froze as 
it fell, making most uncomfortable marching and 
wretched camping. The brigade also met with 
some resistance from the retreating enemy. We 
camped in sight of Columbia, the capital of South 
Carolina, on the 16th, and after some cannonad- 
ing and skirmishing passed the city on the 17th. 
the army burning a portion of it. 

The whole surface of the country seemed on 
fire and the s ke was dense enough to lie un- 
comfortable. Crossed the Saluda river on a pon- 
toon bridge on the 18th and were stationed as a 
guard to protect the pontooners until the bridge 
was removed. By this time our "bummers" were 
elegantly arrayed in broadcloths and satin and 
marched in carriages more or less elegant, drawn 
by confiscated steeds. Happy "bummers" ! Scour- 
ing the country in advance of and around the 
army they formed a protective force of real serv- 
ice in furnishing information and preventing at- 

Reached Broad river on Sunday, the 19th; and 
here orders were received to prepare for a contin- 
uation of the campaign for forty days. All un- 
necessary baggage must be thrown aside, and even 
the wall tents abandoned. Reluctantly the boys 
unburdened their wagons, loaded with captured 



valuables, and the wagons subsequently carried 
only army supplies. 

The troops had now worn out their shoes and 
man) were hallo-, ragged, barefoot and dirty, 
too, for the soap had become exhausted. "Forty 
days more/ 5 and "what will Old Bill do when the 
soles of our feet give out too?''" was the question, 
but. they soon recovered from their dissatisfaction 
and moved on jolly and contented. We guarded 
the pontooners at Broad river, and marched all 
of the Qighl "I the 20th, arriving at Winnsboro, 
where we passed in review before Generals Sher- 
man and Slocum. The One Hundred and Fifth 
led the advance on the 22d, encountering But- 
ters' rebel cavalry ami driving them. Private 
Fischer, ol Company 11. here captured a prisoner 
with two horses ami equipments. General Slier- 
man was at our division headquarters today and 
while there received uews of the capture of 
Charleston. Crossed the Wateree river at mid- 
niglit and were thoroughly drenched with a 

(in the 24th we passed over a wretched cordu- 
roy mad, which had been built by our pioneers 
from small pines that worked the mud beneath 
into a batter which gushed up in fountains as our 
mules drew the heavy wagons over their rough 

Right here let us give due credit to these faith- 
ful dumb brutes — unhonored heroes whose toils, 
laceration- and starvations were so seldom thought 
of, yet whose services were as indispensable as our 
own. and whose bones lie bleaching on all the 
battle fields of the South, together with those of 
our own comrades. 

On the 25th Captain Culver with his forging 
party dashed into Lancaster, fifteen miles aside 
from our column — the first to enter that city. 
lie secured a large supply of dried fruit and other 
luxuries. We camped for a day at Hanging Eock 
waiting for the Fourteenth Corps to come up the 
river. This rock was so named from the fact that 
the British here hung six American soldiers after 
one of the battles of the Revolution. Hard march- 
ing for the next week; from ten to seventeen miles 
a day. much of it being done in the night. On 
the Ith of March we crossed into North Carolina 
and rested on Sunday at Colonel Allston's planta- 
tion, where we were delighted with the luxury of a 
supply of soft soap. On the 9th reached a country 

devoted to the manufacture of tar and turpentine 
— a wilderness of lofty pines. Immense quantities 
of this material were set on lire and huge columns 
of black smoke rising from the forests told that 
lava-like streams of tar or rosin were burning like 
the emissions of a volcano. On the SJth a heavy 
thunder storm — a muddy stream forded and no 
fresh provisions — for the first time since we lett 
Robertsville we lived on hard bread. On the 11th 
the One Hundred and Fifth was detailed to work 
on tin road and several miles were corduroyed. 
In camp at Fayetteville on the 12th and from 

here we sent letters h e and were reviewed by 

Genera] Sherman, passing through and camping 
a short distance out. On the 16th we fought the 
battle of Vverysboro. when that engagement took 
place. The first brigade was deployed on the left 
of the forces engaged, the left wing of the One 
Hundred and Fifth, under Captain Forsythe, be- 
ing deployed as skirmishers in front of the bri- 
gade, while the right remained in column in rear 
of the left of the brigade. An advance was im- 
mediately made, under heavy skirmish fire, for 
about live hundred yards to the enemy's works, 
when a charge was ordered; at the same time 
the right wing of the One Hundred and Fifth, un- 
der Lieutenant Colonel Dutton, was ordered to 
the extreme left and forward to protect the flank 
and strengthen the skirmish line. It moved as 
directed with alacrity and cut off from retreat and 
captured a twelve-pounder Napoleon gun, which 
the colonel, with some of his gallant men, turned 
on the enemy, giving him half a dozen shots in his 
disordered and retreating ranks. The works were 
charged and carried in splendid style, when the 
line halted till other troops were brought to con- 
nect with the left, prior to another advance. When 
i he brigade advanced again the One Hundred and 
Fifth moved in the second line, the whole line 
pressing up within one hundred and fifty yards of 
the enemy's main line of works, under a heavy fire 
of small arms and cannon. Here the regiment 
and brigade bivouacked during the remainder of 
the day and night, throwing up a line of works 
during a rain storm. The battle on the right was 
- issfully waged and in the night the enemy re- 
treated — well whipped. 

Lieutenant Colonel Dutton, assisted by Major 
Brown and Adjutant Chandler, was equal to ever] 
emergency. Captain Forsythe handled the skir- 



mish line with admirable success and the line offi- 
cers and men displayed their usual courage and 
fidelity. Adjutant Chandler had the front of his 
hat torn by a bullet, narrowly escaping with his 

The regimen! lust sis killed and sixteen wound- 
ed, according to Lieutenant Colonel Dutton's re- 
port. Among the former was the gallant orderly, 
Linus Holcomb, of Company A; Captain G. B. 
Heath, whose life gradually ebbed away after he 
was brought from the gory Held of battle. 

Surgeon Waterman again bad his hands full in 
caring for the wounded. His skill was measured 
by the sad duties of the hour and not found want- 

In a large dwelling in rear of the field where 
the brigade fought a hospital was located, where 
the wounded wen' being dressed. There was nu- 
merous amputations — the yard being strewn with 
legs and arms and the dead ami dying were lying 
around — a dreadful wreck of human forms. 

The casualties in the division numbered two 
hundred and fifty-six: First brigade, eighty- 
three; .Second brigade, fifty: Third brigade, on,» 
hundred and twenty-three. The loss of the even- 
ing was heavy. The troops buried one hundred of 
the killed rebels. 

Before the battle a party of thirty foragers 
from the One Hundred and Fifth, preceding the 
column, charged on one of the enemy's earth- 
works, driving him out and killing one man — a 
very creditable affair. 

The regiment did their duty nobly, and in token 
of their gallantry at this point and in the Atlanta 
campaign. Colonel Button, their commander, re- 
ceived from the President the appointment of 
Brigadier General by brevet, the appointment dat- 
ing from the date of the battle. 

On the 19th the battle of Bentonville occurred 
at which we were assigned position on the left. 
We threw up earthworks in double-quick time, but 
the attack was made in the night, and our line u a ■ 
not assaulted. The rebels were defeated with 
fearful slaughter. 

Resumed our march on the 22d and crossed the 
Neuse river on the next day. Here we met Gen- 
era] Terry's eastern troops, whining because they 
had been without communication and no mail for 
a week. We consoled them by telling them we 
had been in the same condition fifty-one days. 

We arrived at Goldsboro on the 24th, ami our 
long march for the time was ended. We bad 
marched five hundred miles in fifty-five days, rest- 
ing only six days: had crossed twelve large rivers 
and numerous smaller streams. The foragers of 
our regiment had captured, on the march, twenty 
tons of meat, ten tons of flour, and sweet potatoes, 
with other luxuries, to an extent that cannot be 
estimated. All of the officers with their men by 
turns participated in the work of foraging. 

At Goldsboro the regiment was newly equipped, 
and that portion of "Sherman's greasers," as the 
eastern troops contemptuously (ailed us. put on a 
better appearance. The "bummers," who were 
flush of funds, having "cramped" watches, jewelry, 
and money .luring the raid, donned the best attire 
and patronized the "sutlers" shops extensively. 

On the 29th. and again on the 5th of April, 
parties of our regiment were sent on foraging 
expeditions, taking forage from within two miles 
of the fortified lines of the enemy, but losing sev- 
eral men captured and one killed. 

On the 6th of April news was received of the 
capture of Richmond, and the joy of our boys 
may be more easily imagined than described. 

On the 10th we found another campaign begun. 
We moved to Smithfield. where the surrender of 
Lee's army was announced. We were after Johns- 
ton's army, and on the 13th we reached Raleigh 
in the pursuit. Here reports were circulated of 
Johnston's surrender, and amid the joyful excite- 
ment came the heart-rending tidings of the assas- 
sination of President Lincoln. 

On the 22d the Twentieth Corps were reviewed 
in Raleigh, and on the 14th it became known that 
Johnston had surrendered his army upon terms 
that were not approved by the President, ami that 
we were about to "go for" "Johnston's Johnnies" 
again. Next day we marched thirteen miles on 
the road to Holly Springs, hut on the day follow- 
ing we remained in camp, as Grant and Sherman 
bad gone forward to meet the rebel general and 
have a new conference. On the 24th we joyfulbj 
marched back to Raleigh, elated with the assurance 
that Grant's negotiations had been successful — 
that satisfactory terms of surrender had been 
made — and that the great war was substantially 
at an end. 

Xow "on to Richmond." 



We marched gaily along, blessed with warm. 
bright beautiful weather, pleasantly greeted by 
the people on the route, full of gratification at 
the glorious termination of the war. 

We passed Williamsborough, crossed the Roan- 
oke into Virginia, crossed again the Meherin and 
the Nottaway rivers, and on the 9th of May rested 
a day. two miles from Richmond. On the 11th we 
passed through Richmond; well treated by the 
le. < »n the 12th crossed the Chickahominy 
swamp; on the 14th crossed the Little and North 
Anna rivers, and received orders to burn no more 
fences. The young daughters of the Old Do- 
minion greeted us with waving handkerchiefs, and 
the colored people were everywhere jubilant. On 
the 15th we camped on the Chancellorsville battle 
ground where human bones and skulls lay bleach- 
in- in the -im. 

• Mi the 17th we were near Manassas Junction, 
and on the 18th passed through Fairfax Sta1 
i rossing the far-famed Bull Run. a broad shallow 
stream of pure water with a hard gravelly bottom. 
On the I'Mh camped three miles from Alexandria 
where we remained till on the 24th, we took part 
in the grand military pageani ai Washington. 
Here Major Brown. Captain Church, and Assist- 
ant Surgeon Beggs joined the regiment, having 
bei ii absent on leave and detached service. 

The army of the Potomac was reviewed by the 
President and Cabinet on the 23d, and General 
Sherman's army on the 24th, the streets lined with 
immense crowds of people who greeted us with 
constant cheers and waving handkerchiefs. The 
Washington papers especially, commended the 
drill of the One Hundred and Fifth, and the ladies 
favored us with a shower of bouquets. We camped 
four miles out of the city until the 6th, employing 
our time in visiting Washington, and on the 7th 
of June, 1865, were mustered out of the service. 

On the 8th we took cars for Chicago, arriving 
at Pittsburg about 2 a. m.. where we were met 
by a brass band and a committee of citizen-, es- 
corted to the City Hall and entertained with ample 
refreshments. Generous, thoughtful Pittsburg: 
long will you be remembered for your kindness to 
the war worn and weary. What a contrast we 
met in Chicago. We arrived at the same hour. 
It was dark and raining: no one met as or could 
tell us where to go. The officers were in a train 
behind, and Sergeant Major Whitlock, who found 

himself the ranking officer, could not find a place 
to put his men. They could not be admitted to 
the Soldiers' Home, to the barracks, nor anywhere. 
The officers soon arrived and found that no notice 
had been taken of their telegram advising the 
coming of the regiment. The boys "adjourned" 
to the Illinois Central depot, where a friendly 
policeman suffered them to lie on the floor till 
morning. Then we started for the dirty barracks, 
to which we were finally ordered, at Camp Fry. 
As we marched through the same streets through 
which three years before we had gone out one 
thousand strong — our regiment now reduced to 
hardly half that number, was ordered off the 
walk into the streets by the police. The 
policemen were pushed aside with hearty soldierly 
denunciations of all policemen and Chicago gen- 

At Camp Fry we were detained by Paymaster 
Maybourn until June 17th, when as each i 
pany was paid, it left the barracks immediately. 

The warm welcome which we all received as 
we leached our homes did much to remove the 
unfavorable impression produced by the shameful 
treatment that we met in Chicago. 



Non-commiss d Staff. 


David D. (handler. De Kalli. promoted adjutant. 
Jonathan <;. Vallette, Milton, discharged July 6, 

1864, to accept commission in the volunteer 

en Whittack, Milton, mustered out June ?, 



George W. Burpee, Rockford. 
Henrv W. Kellogg, Mayfield, mustered out June 
7, 1865. 

i OM \1 [SS \l:Y SERGEANT. 

Clinton Beach, Winfield, promoted first lieutenant 
and quartermaster in I'nited State> colored 


George W. Beggs, Naperville, promoted assistant 

on Dockstader, Sycamore discharged April 8, 



John B. Belfarge, De Kalb, mustered out June 7, Bailey, John S., Genua, died Oct. 2, 1862; wounds. 

18G5. Burroughs, James H., Genoa, died at New Albany, 

principal musicians. l~nd., Dec. 24, 1862. 

Moull Fuller, DuPage county, mustered out June Church, Samuel, Genoa, mustered out June 7, 

7, 1865. 1865; was prisoner. 

Walter Van Vetzger, DuPage county, mustered Carr, Patrick, Sycamore, discharged Jan. 19, 

out June 7, 1865. 



William R. Thomas. Sycamore, promoted second 


Linus Holcomb. Sycamore, first sergeant, died 
March 16, 1865 ; wounds. 

Alonzo E. Carr, Genoa, transferred July 25, 1864. 

Henry H. Slater, Geneva, promoted first lieuten- 

Chauncey E. Sixbury, Sycamore, mustered out 
June 7, 1865, as first sergeant; commissioned 
second lieutenant, but not mustered. 


Menzo W. Garnet, Sycamore, captured March 11, 

Henry W. Kellogg, Mayfield. promoted quarter- 
master sergeant. 
Wentworth Sivwright, Mayfield, mustered out 

June 7. 1865, as private. 
Dewitt C. Green, Genoa, discharged May 10, 1865, 

as sergeant; wounds. 
Simon Dockstader, Sycamore, promoted hospital 

Oscar ('. Churchill, Cortland, 'discharged April 25, 

Jared J. Burdick, De Kalb, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Reuben J. Holcomb, Sycamore, mustered out June 

7, 1865, as sergeant. 


Allen, Benjamin, Geneva, discharged July 16, 

1863; disability. 
Allard, William A.. Sycamore, died at Dallas, Ga., 

May 29. 1864 : wounds. 
Buck, William, De Kalb. discharged Feb. 16, 

1863 ; disability. 
Black, Nirum, Cortland, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as corporal. 
Bowers, Hiram W., Batavia. mustered out June Jones, Charles L.. Sycamore, mustered out June 

7, 1865, as coroporal. 7, 1865. 

1863; disability. 
Cheesbro, Oliver B., Cortland, discharged May 5, 

1865 ; wounds. 
Carr, Edwin, Mayfield, mustered out June 7, 

Cummins, Warren, mustered out June 7, 1865. 
Canady, David N., Sycamore, mustered out June 

7. 1865. 
Culver, Jefferson H., Cortland, discharged Jan. 

19, 1863; disability. 
Deford, Spafford B., Cortland, died Jan. 1. 1865; 

Donahue, Patrick. Kingston, mustered out June 

21, 1865. 
Dennis, George W., Jr., Mayfield, discharged May 

1. 1863; disability. 
Easha, Joseph, Kingston, mustered out June 7, 

Goble, Elias, Mayfield, died at South Tunnel, T., 

Dec. 21. 1862. 
Goble, John J., Mayfield, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as sergeant. 
Goble, William H., Mayfield, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Gregory, Cozier, Genoa, discharged Feb. 22, 1863; 

Harsha, Eugene K.. Cortland, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Hutchinson, Nicholas A., Genoa, discharged Sept. 

30 ; wounds. 
Hathaway, Harrison, Cortland, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Howe, George E., Mayfield, died at Chattanooga. 

Aug. 15, 1864; wounds. 
Hendrick, Nelson F., De Kalb, mustered out June 

14. 1865. 
Hollenback, Alfred S.. Genua, mustered out .June 

7, 1865. 
Holcomb, Oscar, Sycamore, mustered out June 7, 

Jellison, Alexander M., Genoa, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 


Johnson, Chauncey, Sycamore, mustered out June Phelps, .lames M., Sycamore, mustered out June 

7, 1865. ^. 1865, as corporal. 
Kellogg, Herman A.. Sycamore, mustered out Peary, Nehemiah, Genoa, transferred to engineer- 
June 7, 1865. ing corps, August 11, 1864. 
Kunyler, Jean, Kingston, mustered out .Tune 7, Palmer, ('lark. Mayfield, mustered out June 7, 

1865. 1865. 

King, Lucius A.. Cortland, mustered out June 7. Patterson, George, Genoa, mustered out July 8, 

1865. 1865. 

Kenyon, Henry, Sycamore, mustered out June 7. Robinson, Cyrus II.. Kingston, mustered out June 

1865. 7, 1865. 

Kane, William, Geneva, discharged Jan. 19, 1863 ; Rhinehart, Joseph B., Mayfield, mustered our 

disability. June 7, 1865. 

Kesler, John, Geneva, discharged Dee. 7, 1862; Rodabaugh. Samuel B., Genoa, mustered out June 

disability. 7, 1865. 

Leonard, Patrick, Sycamore, mustered out June Raymond, Oliver B., Mayfield. 

7, 1865, as corporal. Smith. Marvin A.. Kingston, mustered out dune 

Lewis, Myron W., Genoa, mustered out dun.- 7, 7, 1865. 

1865. Smauson, John, Cortland, died Aug. 12, 1864; 

Moyier, George, Mayfield, mustered out dune 7, wounds. 

1865. Shaw, Cheney L., Cortland, mustered out dune 7, 

Moore. Philip. Genoa-, mustered out June 7. 1865. 1865, as sergeant. 

Marshall, Julian E., Cortland, died at Bardstown, Scott, Allien. South Grove, mustered oul dune 

K\.. Dec. 6, 1862. 7, 1865. 

Martin. John, Genoa, discharged May 1. 1863; Safford, Edward I'.. Sycamore, promoted captain 

disability. Fourteenth I '. S. colored troops. Xov. 1. lsi;:i. 

Martin, Augustus, Genoa, discharged May -I. Settle, William II. , Genoa, mustered out June :. 

L863; disability. L865. 

McNaughton, William, Genoa, discharged Dec. 29, Schwirk, Joseph, Sycamore, died at Scottsboro, 

1862 : disability. Ala., Pec. 7, 1862. 

Norris, George E., Sycamore, discharged April 8, Smith. Chauncey, Mayfield, discharged Feb. 22, 

1863; disability. L863; disability. 

Ousterhaut, Franklin A., Mayfield, transferred Spanton. Thomas. Plato, mustered out June 7. 

July 25, 1864. 1865. 

Olin. Nathaniel J., Cortland, mustered out July ^ _ James s v ,. :! ,,,, , r , ._ muste red out dune 7. 

1- 1865. l865 

Pond. Americus II.. Genoa. . . ,, . ., . ,, , .,, , 

., „ ,, T spancill. George, Sycamore, accidentally knlea 

Patterson. Francis. Mavfield. mustered out June r 

7. 1865. Sept ,:> ' 

'.„",„ , Smith, Ashael C, Genoa, discharged April 8, 
Petrie, Samuel, Sycamore, transferred to engineer- 

L863; disability, 
tng corps, Angusl 15, 1865. 

... , „ ,. 10 „ Tewksburrv, Russell P.. Sycamore, discharged 

Pierce, James, Genoa, discharged Dec. 28, 186o; - .., 

,. . ... April 2, 1863 : disabilitv. 

. , ' , , , _ , . , Westbrook, Samuel I).. Svcamore, discharged 

Patrick. Albert J.. Sycamore, absent, sick, mus- ... 

April 8, 1863 : disability. 
teren out of regimi nt. 

Phelps. James A.. Cortland, mustered oul dune 7. ^affiles, Sylvanus, Geneva, died at Chattai ga, 

1865. A "-''- ,S,;1 - 

Peters. Warren F., Sycamore, mustered out June West, Elias C, Geneva, mustered out dune 7. 

7. 1865. 1865. 

Phelps, Edgar M.. Sycamore, mustered oul dune Wilcox, Aziel, Svcamore. mustered oui June 7. 

;. 1865. 1865. 


Wright, Wentworth, Sycamore, mustered out June John Fowler, Shabbona, died at Louisville, Ky., 

7, 1865, as corporal. Oct. 27, 1862. 

Wilson, John, South Grove, mustered out June privates. 

'> 1 ° lj0 - Ames, John, Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 

Woodward, William. South Grove, discharged Oct. liSG: ,_ ag eorporalj wounded . 
12, 1862 ; minor. 

Anderson, Augustus, Paw Paw, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 

Bowker. William. Paw Paw, mustered out June 
.lone.-. George \\ .. transferred to Company l\.. 

„. , ,, T „. . -r „ 7, 181)0. wounded. 


Croft, James, mustered out June 7, 1865. 

Sixteenth Illinois Infantry. 
Kemp, John, deserted July 10, 1863. 
Rouse, William II.. mustered out June 7, 1865. 
Settle, Oscar D.. Cortland, transferred to Company 

Belden, John A., Paw Paw. mustered out June 7. 


Bandfield, Benjamin, Paw Paw, discharged Jan. 

15, 1863, disability. 

K., Sixteenth Illinois Infantry. _ , , , . ' „ , , -, c , 
,,... »!_:_ n r.-^i— j I.„..^„ » B * k er, Artemus A.. Paw Paw, deserted Sept. 3, 

Weedon, Alvin G., Cortland, veterinary recruit 

transferred to Company K, Sixteenth Illinois „ , " TX „ ^ , , , 

T , Cook, George H., Paw Paw, transferred to engi- 


Beard, Henry, absent, sick, mustered out of regi 


neer corps, Aug. 15, 1864. 
Cheney, <>]o P.. Paw Paw. mustered out June 7, 

Cross. Charles ('.. Shabbona, mustered out June 


Challand. Charles, Shabbona, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 

John H. Swift, Paw Paw. promoted second lieu- Crimj Levi< Shabbona, discharged Jan. 14, 1863, 

tenant, disability. 

sergeants. Dyas, Moses, Shabbona, died at Bowling Green. 

Jonathan R. Marryatt, Shabbona. promoted first Ky., Dec. 2, 1862. 

sergeant, then first lieutenant. Damon. Solon W., Shabbona, absent, wounded, at 

Thomas George Taylor, Shabbona. accidentally muster out of regiment. 

killed, Feb. 15, 1864. Damon, George H., Shabbona, discharged June 9, 

Thomas J. Pierce, Wyoming, died at Nashville, 1863, disability. 

Tenn.. March 3. 1864. Davenport, William IP. Shabbona, mustered out 

William H. 0. Stevens, Shabbona. mustered out June 7, 1865, as corporal. 

June 7, 1865, as private. Davis, Albert. Shabbona. discharged Aug. 4, 1863, 

corporals. disability. 

William R. Low. Shabbona. discharged .March 23, Dennison, John M.. Shabbona, mustered out June 

1863, disability. 7, 1865. 

Jacob Ostrander, Paw Paw, mustered out June T. Devendorf, Augustus, Shabbona. died at Murfrees- 

1865. as first sergeant, commissioned second boro, Tenn., July 10, 1863. 

lieutenant but not mustered. Fermen. James B.. Shabbona. mustered out June 

Darius Horton, Shabbona, mustered out June 7. 7, 1865. 

1865, as sergeant. Fowler, James, Shabbona, discharged March 23. 

William E. Grover, Shabbona, sergeant, killed at 1865, disability. 

Dallas, Ga., May 27. 1864. Fripps, Byron D., Shabbona, discharge.! April 11 

John Thompkins, Shabbona. mustered out June 7. 1863, disability. 

1865, as private. Glen, John, Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 1865. 

David N. Jackson. Shabbona. died at Bowding Gerard, George W., Shabbona. mustered out June 

Green, Ky., Nov. 19, 1862. 7, 1865. 

Chauncy Condy, Shabbona. mustered out June 7, Goodyear, Nelson. Shabbona. mustered out June 

1865, as private, wounded. 7. 1865. 


Griffith, Henry S., Shabbona, mustered out June Merwin, Samuel. Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 

7, 1865, as sergeant. L865. 

G Lyear, Joseph T., Shabbona, died at Bowling Mott, Jacob. Shabbona, died at Louisville, Ky., 

Green, Ky.. Nov. 21, 1862. Aug. 5, 1865; wounds. 

Howes. Philip, Shabbona, corporal, died May 31, Morey, Hiram, Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 

1864, wounds. 1865. 

Hamlin. John A.. Shabbona, did at Gallatin, Matteson, Egbert J., Shabbona, died at Louisville, 

Tenn., Dec. 10, 1862. Ky.. Not. 19, 1862. 

Hinds, Austin F., Shabbona. mustered out June MeCormick, Thomas, Shabbona, mustered out 

;. i860. June 7, 1865, as corporal. 

Hayes. John M., Shabbona, mustered out June T. MeCormick, John. Shabbona, mustered out June 

L865. •■ 1865. 

Harper, George C, Shabbona, mustered out June Marble, Edmund D., Shabbona, mustered out June 

', . 1865, as corporal. "• 1865. 

Hunter, Robert, Shabbona, deserted Jan. 1, 1863. McClymonds, Thomas <;.. Shabbona. mustered out 

Howes, Moses, Shabbona, mustered out June 12, Jim.' , . 1865. 

1865. Mi Parland, John, Shabbona, died at Frankfort, 
Halk, Elijah, Shabbona, mustered out June 7, Ky., Oct. 27, 1862. 

1S65. McFarland, Walter S.. Shabbona, discharged June 

Hatch, Charles. Shabbona. .lid ai Nashville, 17, 1863; disability. 

Trim.. Julv 14. 1804; wounds. Norton, Sidney, Shabbona, mustered out June 7. 

[vers, Thomas. Shabbona, discharged June 20, 1865. 

1863; disability. Nicholson, Patrick. Shabbona, deserted Sept. 2, 

Jordan. James, Shabbona, mustered out June ',. 1862. 

L865; wounded twice. Nicholson, John, Shabbona. died at Chicago. Sept. 

Eennicutt, La. Jr.. Shabbona, discharged Jan. '-"•'• 1862. 

II. 1863; disability. Newton, ('has. W., Shabbona, mustered oui June 

Kilbourn, Lyman, Shabbona, killed ai Resaca, Ga., "•■ 1865, as corporal. 

\l:i\ ii. 1864. Nichols, Hamilton. Shabbona, mustered out June 

Kelly, Daniel A., Shabbona, discharged Dec. 31. •• 1865. 

1862; disability. Pattee, Albion, Shabbona. mustered out June 7, 

Lanaghan, Michael, Shabbona, mustered out June 1865; wounded. 

- 1865. Perkins, John. Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 

Lake. Hurbert F., Shabbona, died at Bowling L865, as sergeant. 

K . Dec .„ , Palm. David, Shabbona. died at Bowling Green, 

x , , , Ky., Dec. 2. 1S62. 

Lander-. Ebenezer, Shabbona, mustered oui June n , ., _,, „. _, ,, .. , . x . ... 

Randall, (has. \\ .. shabbona, died at Nashville. 

"' lM "'- Tenn., March 1. 1S64. 

Lamkins, Josiah B.. Shabbona, deserted Nov. 21, sil „,,.,,„_ Seekj Sh abbona, killed near Atlanta., 

|N(; ' 2 - Ga., Aug. 5, 1864. 

Lamkins, Sidney G., Shabbona, died at Louisville, Scott, Miles. Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 

Ky., Oct. 29, 186 1865. 

Morrison, William, Shabbona, killed near Atlanta. Sutliff, John IL. Shabbona, mustered out June 7, 

Ga., Aug. 5, 1864. ,.,;:,; WO unded. 

Morrison, George, Shabbona, mustered out June Spaulding, James, Shabbona, mustered out June 

1, L865. -, is,,.-, 

Minnihan, Michael, Shabbona, mustered out June Swanson, Charles J., Shabbona, mustered out 

;. L865, as sergeant. June 7, 1865. as corporal. 

M llins, John. Shabbona, mustered out June 7. Sherrill, Aaron E., Shabbona, died at Gallatin, 

L865; wounded. Tenn.. .March 3, 1863. 



Stansbury, Tishe, Shabbona, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Van Patten, Abram, Shabbona, mustered out June 

7, 1865, as corporal. 
Watson, Robert T., Shabbona. mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Watson, William, Jr., Shabbona. mustered out 

June 7, 1865. 
Wright. William. Shabbona, died May 25, 1864; 

Wilson, Alfred B., Shabbona, mustered out June 

7, 1865, as corporal. 


Alford, Martin S., Shabbona, transferred to Com- 
pany A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Donaldson, Reuben, Shabbona, transferred to 
Company A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Donaldson, Russell, Shabbona, transferred to 
Company A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Edmonds, John, Shabbona, transferred to Com- 
pany A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Ellis, Josiah, Shabbona, transferred to Company 
A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Ford, Lyman W., Shabbona, transferred to Com- 
pany A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Harper, Andrew G., Chicago, transferred to Com- 
pany A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Jordan, William, mustered out June 7, 1865. 

McCooley, John, mustered out June 7, 1865. 

Sherwood, Theodore J., Shabbona, transferred to 
Company A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

Williams, George, mustered out June 7, 1865. 



Hiram S. Harrington, Franklin, promoted sec- 
ond lieutenant. 


William S. Taylor, Sycamore, discharged Feb. 19. 
1863; disability. 

John M. Schoenmaker, Franklin, discharged for 
promotion as first lieutenant in IT. S. C. T., 
June 27, 1864. 

Samuel H. Williamson, Flora, promoted first ser- 
geant, then first lieuter nt. 

John T. Becker, South Grove, commissioned first 
lieutenant, but not mustered; mustered out 
May 26, 1865, as first sergeant; wounded. 


Henry Romyen, Tecumseh, Mich., discharged Julv 
6, 1864, for promotion as captain in U. S. C. T. 

DeForest P. Bennett, Monroe, discharged Aug. 4, 

1863; disability. 
John Fox, Franklin, discharged March 17, 1863; 

James R. Williamson, Flora, mustered out June 

7, 1865. as sergeant; wounded. 
William C. Fay, Squaw Grove, mustered out June 

7, 1865. 
Parker M. Banks, Franklin, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as sergeant; wounded. 
Wesley Witter, Monroe, died at Flora, 111., Dec 

25. 1862. 
James Hasburg, Burlington, commissioned sec- 
ond lieutenant, but not mustered; mustered out 

June 7. 1865, as sergeant. 


Samuel C. Perry, Burlington, died at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, Dec. 28, 1862. 


Burpee, George W., Rockford, promoted quarter- 
Banks, Benjamin F., Franklin, discharged April 

10, 1865; wounds. 
Barker, Anson B., Burlington, died at Bowling 

Green, Ivy., Dec. 4/ 1864. 
Barker, William L., South Grove, mustered out 

June 7, 1865, as corporal. 
Bradburn, Nathan E., Burlington, transferred to 

engineering corps, July 25, 1864. 
Bock, William, Burlington, died at Gallatin, 

Tenn., March 28, 1863. 
Baker, Richard A., Squaw Grove, discharged 

March 30, 1863, to enlist in Mississippi Marine 

Burbig. Theodore, Belvidere, mustered out June 

7, 1865; wounded. 
Barber, William H., Malta, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as corporal. 
Bennett, William S., Franklin, died at Gallatin. 

Tenn., March 24, 1863. 
Barnard, John, Hampshire, mustered out June 8. 

Caspares, Nathan S., Franklin, died at Nashville, 

Tenn., June 10, 1863. 
Coster, Melvin, Squaw Grove, died at Bowling 

Green, Ky., Dec. 12, 1862. 


Calkins, Allen S., Burlington, mustered out June .Miller. Lester 1., .Monroe, supposed killed May 15. 

7, 1865. 1864. 

Collins, George \V.. Plato, mustered out June 7, Moon. Curtis P., Franklin, mustered out .June ? 

1865, as corporal. 1865. 

Carlisle, Hiram. Burlington, died at Bowling Miller, John H., mustered out June 7, 1865. 

Green, Ky., Dec. 6, 1862. Miller. Charles ML, died at Chattanooga, .Line 1L 

Cline, Henry, Franklin, died at Gallatin. Tenn., 1864; wounds. 

Dei. 22, 1st',:. Maek. Walter S., Franklin, mustered out June 7, 

Casterline, Andrew J., Franklin, mustered out 1865. 

June 7, 1865. Morgan, Harvey M., Burlington, mustered out 

Chapman, Charles W., Burlington, discharged Jan. June 7, 1865, as corporal. 

12, 1863; disability. McLelland, William P., Burlington, discharged 

Cougle, William A.. Virgil, mustered out June 7. March 11. 1863, to enlist in Mississippi Marine 

1865. Brigade. 

Davenport, James. De Kalb, transferred to invalid McLelland, George W., Burlington, mustered oul 

corps, July 13, 1864. June :. 1865. 

Davis, Egbert V.. Burlington, mustered out June Maltby, Charles A., Burlington, transferred to in- 

7 1865. valid corps, Oct. 20, 1864: wounded. 

Dean. Charles E., Franklin, mustered out June 7. Patten. Byron A.. South Grove, discharged June 

1865. 12, 1865 ; wounds. 

Early, Henry, Squaw Grove, discharged Jan. 11. I'lanty. Julius, Hampshire, transferred To eugi- 

1863; disability. neer corps, July 25, 1864. 

Ellis, Linneaus, Virgil, mustered out June 7. Perry, Myron C, Burlington, mustered out June 

1865; wounded. 7, 1865. 

Eddy, William H. L., Burlington, mustred out Pritchard, Hiram F., South Grove, mustered out 

June 7, 1865, as corporal. June 7, 1865. 

Fritz, Christopher, Franklin, mustered out June Simmons. William II., Sycamore, discharged Feb. 

7, 1865. 7, 1863 ; disability. 

Foss, William L.. Franklin, killed near Atlanta Strawn, Charles A., Franklin, mustered out June 

Ga.. Aug. 16, 1864. 7, 1865; wounded. 

Fish, Daniel W., Burlington, discharged Dec. 14, Southard. Daniel 1L, Franklin, deserted Oct. 29, 

1862; disability. L862; since enlisted in Fourteenth Illinois Cav- 

Gorham. Danford, Franklin, died at Nashville airy. 

Tenn.; Jan. 18, 1864. Samis, Elijah, Burlington, died at Gallatin, Tenn.. 

Gibson. Emory M.. South Grove, mustered out Dec. 6, 1862. 

June 7. lsii5. Sylvester, Lewis. Squaw Grove, mustered out June 

Gordon. George N., Monroe, mustered out June 7, 1865. 

7, 1865. Stoker, John T., Gridley, died at Bowling Green 

Holdridge, Daniel, Burlington, mustered out .Turn Ky. : Nov. 23, 1862. 

7. 1865, as corporal; wounded. Smith, William M.. Burlington, discharged July 

Hinsdale, William. Squaw Grove, absent, sick it 9, 1864. to accept promotion as second lieuten- 

niuster out of regiment. ant in One Hundred and Fourteenth D". S. C. T 

Ingalls. William N., Burlington, died at Gallatin. Strub, Peter, Cortland, absent, sick at muster otr! 

Tenn., Dec. 13, 1862. of regiment. 

Jones. Francis A., Franklin, mustered out June Thomas, Samuel K.. South Grove, discharged Feb 

7. 1865; wounded. 19, 1863; disability. 

Lusher, Anstice, Franklin, died at Bowling Green. Taplin. Orville H.. Flora mustered out June 7. 

Ky., Nov. 22, 1862. 1865; wounded. 

McKee, Alfred R., Flora, died at Gallatin. Tenn.. Thomas. David E., Franklin, mustered out June 

Dee. 18, 1862. 7, L865. 



Wylde, Thomas W., Franklin, discharged Mann 

L7, 1863; disability. 
Williams. Charles W.. Squaw Grove, mustered out 

June 7. 1865, corporal: wounded. 
Wylke. Herman, Franklin, mustered out June 7, 

Williamson, Thomas E., Flora, mustered out June 

7. 1865, as sergeant; wounded. 
Young. Martin. Burlington, died at South Tun- 

nell, Tenn.. July 11, 1863. 


Isaac Scoggin, Asbury, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as sergeant. 
Joseph P. Fulton, Freeland, appointed hospital 

steward United States army. 
Israel S. Clark, Somonauk. mustered out June 7, 

18(55, as private. 
Jesse L. Gage, Sandwich, died Aug. 12, 1864; 

Andrew A. Beveridge, Sandwich, discharged iCc. 

18, 1862; disability. 
Thomas Mason, Sandwich, discharged Sept. 28, for 


Hapgood, Julian W., mustered out June 7. 1865 
Bailer, Gabriel, Flora, mustered out June 7, 1865. 
Strawn. Joseph H.. Sycamore, killed at Peach Tree 

Creek. July 20, 1864. 
Witler, Oliver P., mustered out June 7. 1865; 

wounded twice. 


Battie, Bird, mustered out June 7, 1865. 
Battie, Mat, absent, sick at muster ou' of regi- 



Walter B. Walker. Sandwich, discharged Sept. 30. 
1862 ; disability. 


Harvey Potter, Somonauk. promoted second lieu- 
tenant, then first lieutenant. 

George Dean, Asbury, mustered out June 7, 18G5. 
as first sergeant; commissioned second lieuten- 
ant, but not mustered. 

Wallace W. Moore. Freeland, discharged May 5 
1865 : wounds. 

Frank H. Cole, Somonauk. promoted first ser- 
geant, then first lieutenant. 


A. G. White, Sandwich, mustered out June 7. 

1805, as sergeant. 
.Allen Edgerly, Sandwich, mustered out June 7. 

1865, as sergeant. 


Baker. Thornton, Sandwich, discharged Jan. I 

1863; disability. 
Blackwood. Bulled ('.. Victor, died at Gallatin, 

Term., Feb. 22. 1863. 
Brown. Robert, Freeland. mustered out June 7, 

Bishop, Warren F.. Sandwich, mustered out June 

7, 1865 : wounded. 
Bullock, Ruston J., Victor, discharged Jan. 10. 

1863: disability. 
Blackwood, William. Sandwich, transferred 'o 

engineering corps Aug. 1 I. 1864. 
Breecher, Jacob, Sandwich, mustered out June 7. 

1865, as corporal. 
Coon, H. J.. Freeland. discharged Jan. 13, 1863: 

Corke, James, Asbury. mustered out June 7, 1865. 
Corke, Jesse. Asbury, discharged February. 1863: 

Carpenter, Henry, Squaw Grove, absent, sick a: 

muster out of regiment. 
Carr. H. H., Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

Davis. David. Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

Devine, Michael, Freeland, mustered out June 7, 

Eames, Mott V.. Sandwich, corporal, transferrel 

to V. R. C. Jan. 2. 1865. 
Eckhart, Lewis. Clinton, mustered out June 7, 

Fish, W. J. M., Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 



Forsyth, Andrew C, Somonauk, mustered out McBride, Samuel, Sandwich, discharged April 

June 7, 1865, as corporal. 24, 1863 ; disability. 

Ferguson, Robert, Freeland, transferred to engi- Martin, David. Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

neering corps. Aug. 15, 1864. 1865. 

Freeland, E. K., Sandwich, mustered out June 7, Mitten, Samuel, Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

1865. 1865. 

Gurnsey, Samuel, Sandwich, died at South Tun- Miles. Joseph. Sandwich, discharged March 5. 

nel, Tenn., Dec. 27, 1862. 1863 ; disability. 

Graves, William II.. Sandwich, died at South Tun- Mead. Jonathan, Sandwich, mustered out June 7. 

nell. Tenn., Dec. 29, 1862. 1865. 

Grear, A. L., Asbury, killed at Peach Tree Creek. Merwin . George B., Sandwich, mustered out June 

duly 20, 1864. 7. 1865, as corporal. 

Graham, Andrew II.. Freeland, mustered out June McAllister, William J., Sandwich, mustered out 

;. 1865, .i- sergeant. June 7. 1865 

Husted, Peter, Sandwich, mustered out July 3. Miller. William. Sandwich, transferred to V. R. C 

1865. Jan. 2, 1865. 

Howard, .Tame- A.. Somonauk. mustered out Oct. Nichols, George. Sandwich, mustered out June 21, 

9, 1865. 1865. 

Henry, .F"lm V., Somonauk, discharged March Poplin. Jesse F., Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

28, 1864, for promotion R. Q. M.. Seventeenth 1865; wounded. 

Illinois cavalry. Piatt, David, Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

Hamlin. Almon, Sandwich, sergeant, transferred 1865. 

to V. R. C. May 15, 1864, on account of Rogi rs, Stephen, Sandwich, discharged June 15,' 

wounds. 1864 ; wounds. 

Hall, Zera W., Sandwich, died at Gallatin. Tenn.. Piddle, r. P... Sandwich, mustered out June 7. 

March 28, 1863. 1865. 

Hall, Harlow, Sandwich, mustered out May 19. Rumsey, Robert, Sandwich, discharged May 9. 

1865, as corporal. 1865; wounds. 

Hall. William T.. Sandwich, d d Dec. 4 Samples. Nelson. Sandwich, deserted Sept. 8, 1862. 

1862; disability. Enlisted in cavalry: deserted: was arrested and 

Harrington, George, Sandwich, mustered out June shot. 

'■ ] "' ' ' Springer. Thi Sandwich, mustered out June 

Kirkpatrick, P. 1>.. Sandwich, mustered out .Turn. 7 [865 as corporal. 

.'• " ''.'■ ''~ '"''I 01 "' 1 ' ,.,,., , Smith. Stephen. Sandwich, mustered out June 7, 

Kirkpatrick, M. < .. Sandwich, discharged April ]si; - 

16. 1863; disability. .. . ' „,, ., 

,-.,,, , . , Skinner. Eldndge, Sandwich, mustered out June 

Kirtland. Jerome, Sandwich, wounded, absent at ~ «« 1 j t 

7, 1865, as corporal : wounded. 

muster out 1 ent. 

_. .,.,,„,.,,.-, . .„ -r- Schroeder. William. Sandwich, mustered out June 

King. Michael. Sandwich, died at Louisville. Ivy. ~ .,g»- 

\"ov. 15, 1863. 

^ ,-, J „„,.,,. , T . .„ _ Stall. J. W.. Sandwich, discharged Feb. 3, 1863: 

liedder, H. I... Sandwich, died al Louisville, Ky. ; disabilitv 

Jnly 8, I _ , " ' ' 

Lamb'. Stillman C, Sandwich, discharged May 21 S ™^> IsaaC ' Sandwich ' mustered ™t J™ * 

is,;::; disability. 65 ; prisoner war. 

Mills. Benjamin, Sandwich, mustered out June 7, s, '-y"-- A - ^ •• Sandwich, died at Bowling Green, 


Kv.. Dec. 18, 1862. 

Morgan, E. H., Sandwich, discharged May 20, Tomlin, George. Sandwich, discharged Oct. 13. 

1864 : disability. 1864 - a^ corporal: disability. 

McCauley, M., Sandwich, discharged Nov. 4, 1864 ; Tracy, Charles, Sandwich, mustered out June 7. 

wounds. 1865. 



Wells, Leonard B., Sandwich, mustered out June Alberl IJ. Rolph, De Kalb, discharged Dec. 2. 

7, 1865. 1863, as first sergeant. 

Woodward, R., Sandwich, mustered out June 7, Byron S. Barnes, Clinton, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as corporal. 1865, as private. 

Whitmore, Charles W., Sandwich, mustered out Fordys A. Gates, Pierce, died at Gallatin, Tenn.. 

June :. L865. Feb. 13, 1863. 

Wagner, Homer A., Sandwich, discharged Feb. 6. Almon M. Ingalls, Clinton, mustered out June 7, 

1863 ; disability. 1865, as sergeant. 

White, William C, Sandwich, mustered out June Wilbur Ears. Afton, mustered mil June 7, 1865, 

7, 1865. as private. 

Wilcox, 0. A., Sandwich, discharged April 17, Delano M. Williams. Clinton, discharged Jan. 3 

1863; disability. L863; disability. 
Wright, Carter E., Sandwich, mustered out May 

20, 1865. 



Elijah Fields, Clinton, mustered out June 7, 1865. 
Burgin, Jesse, Victor, mustered out June 7, 1865. Thomas Green, De Kalb, mustered out June 7, 

Taylor, Samuel, Gallatin, Tenn., transferred to 
Company C, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 

I si;:,. 


under cook of a. d. 

Polk, Peter, Nashville. Tenn.. mustered out June 
7, 1865. 

William B. Aldrich, De Kalb, discharged Dec. 21, 
1862; disability. 




Almberg, Andrew, De Kalb. absent, sick at muster 

out of regiment. 
Akerman. August, Clinton, mustered out June 7, 


John Ellis, Clinton, promoted second lieutenant, Alford, Bucll G., Clinton, absent, sick at muster 

then lirst lieutenant. out of regiment. 

Albert, Henry, Afton, mustered out June 7, 1865. 

sergeants Allen, Ira, Clinton, transferred to engineering 

corps July 2, 1864. 

-v rn -ir • T.A tv 17- li. j: j- i Bathrick, Bvron, De Kalb, mustered out June 7. 

Emerson 1. Knights, De Kalb, first sergeant, died 


Bowerman, Freeman, Milan, mustered out June 7, 

Belfrage, John B., De Kalb. promoted hospital 

Chandler. David D., De Kalb, promoted sergeant 

Carlton, Ezra D., De Kalb, discharged Jan. 30. 

1862: disability. 
Carlton. David IT., De Kalb, mustered out June 

at Gallatin, Feb. 28, 1863. 
George G. Congdon, Clinton, discharged March 25 

1863 : disability. 
Charles H. Salisbury De Kalb, mustered out 

June 7, 1865, as first sergeant, commissioned 

second lieutenant, but not mustered. 
Joel A. Gleason, Clinton, mustered out June 7. 

1865. . 


June 14, 1865. 
Truman Pritehard, De Kalb, mustered out June Cardell, John, De Kalb. mustered out June 7 

7, 1865, as sergeant. 1865. 

Jerome Perry, Clinton, mustered out June 7, 1865, Campbell, James W., De Kalb, mustered out June 

sergeant: wounded. 7, 1865. 



Duffy, Christopher, Clinton, mustered out. June ~ 

I860, as corporal. 
Dunbar, Eugene W., De Kall>. discharged April 

24. 1863; disability. 
Denison. Eugene I!.. Alton, mustered out June 7 

1865, as corporal. 
Dufl'y. Joseph, A.fton, mustered out June 7, I860. 
Dunbar, Solomon T.. De Kalb, mustered out Jun< 

i . L865 ; wounded. 
Elliott. Charle-. Alton, killed at Kenesav Mt.. 

June 22. 1864. 
Eaton, Joseph 1;.. De Kalb, died at Bowling Green, 

Ky.. Nov. 16, 1862. 
Poote, Ebenezer, I >o Kalb, mustered oul June '. 

Flanders, Charles M., Clinton, discharged April 

1 1, L863 : disability. 

;. 1865. 
Fullerton. ('. Taylor, Clinton, mustered ou1 Juno 
Gamble, Alexander, De Kail., died at South Tur- 

nell, Tenn., Feb. 3, L863. 
Gardner, Horace, Clinton, mustered out June ', . 

L865 ; wounded twice. 
Garlock, Joseph \V.. Alton, transferred to Missis- 
sippi Marine brigade Jan. 19, 1863. 
Grei n. John A.. Victor, discharged June 3, 1865 

Gibson, James, Clinton, died at Kingston, June 1. 

l 864 ; wounds. 
.Hayman, Alexander, Alton, mustered oul Juni 

;. 1865. 
Houghton, J 1 i!i. ' ' Kalb, mustered out June 7, 

I law lev. .Matthew S.. De Kalb. discharged Jan. 11, 

1863; disability. 
Hughes, Elias, Clinton, mustered nut June < 

Hall. John. Milan, deserted Sept. 10, 1862. 
Huffman, John. De Kalb, killed at Averysboro, 

X. C, March 16, 1865. 
Handy, Jerome. Clinton, mustered out June T 

I860 : wounded. 
Johans. John P., Alton, killed at Resaca May 15 

Johnson. John. De Kalb, mustered out June " 

Kellogg, Henry, Clinton, died at Gallatin. Tenn.. 

Dec. 12. 1862. 
Kruetsfield, Peter T.. Alton, mustered out June 

:. i860. 

Kimball, Joseph A., Clinton, transferred to V. 

R. C, March 13, 1864. 
Lindsay. Jeremiah P>.. Malta, deserted Sept. 30, 

Lamb. John E., Victor, wounded, absent at mus- 
ter out of regiment. 
Low. James. Clinton, died at Gallatin, Tenn.. 

March :;. 1863. 
MeCollum, Joseph \V.. l>c Kalb, mustered out 

June 7. 1865, as corporal. 
Milton. George, Milan, killed at Pine Hill, Ga 

June 15, 1864. 
Martin. J. Wesley, Milan, deserted Sept. 15, 1862 
McCabe, James. De Kalb. discharged March 1!. 

1863; disability. 
Morrill. Jonathan M., Clinton, died at South Tun- 

nell. Tenn.. Jan. 26 1863. 
Manning, Luke. Clinton, mustered oul June 7, 

ISC,;. ; wounded three tunes. 
Martin. Thomas II.. Alton, corporal, transferred 

to engineering corps March 13. 1864, 
Meiinis. William W., Clinton, absent, sick at mu- 
ter out of regiment. 
Nichols. Edwin. De Kalb. accidentally killed. June 

5, 1864. 
Newton, George, De Kalb. mustered out June 1, 

Olverson, Lewis, Afton, died March 25, 1865; 

Parr. Edwin, Clinton, discharged Dec. 26, 1862: 

Pearson. Edward. Clinton, mustered out June 22, 

I860 : wounded. 
Peterson. Lewen, De Kalb, mustered out June ' 

Palquert. Liven. Mayfield, mustered out June T 

Purcell. Thomas. De Kalb, died at Gallatin. 

Tenn.. April 17, 1863. 
Philips. William EL, De Kalb. mustered out June 

T. 1865. 
Preston, Stephen F.. De Kalb. deserted Oct. 29. 

Smith, Andrus. Clinton, mustered out June ?. 

1865 ; wounded. 
Seeley, Anson. Clinton, discharged May 15. 1863: 

Schroeder. Charles \\. Clinton, transferred 10 

engineering corps July 2, 1864. . 

Senator, 1S54 to 1858 

Senator, 1866 to 1870. 
Representative, '54 to '56 — '58 to '60. 


Senator, 1870 to 1872. 

Representative, 1868 to 1870. 

Senator, 1872 to 187S. 

Senator, 1886 to 1S90. 


Senator, 1890 to 1902. 

Representative, 18S6 to 1890. 


First Representative, 

1836 to 1S38— 1842 to 1844. 

Representative, I860 to 1S62. 

H. W. FAY. 
Representative, 1848 to 1850. 


Asr f , 




Safford, Charles B., Malta, detached at muster 

out of regiment. 
Scott, George H., Afton, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as corporal. 
St. Leger, Kichard V., Afton, discharged May 15. 

1863; disability. 
Sullivan, John, De Kalb, mustered out June 7. 

Telford, Robert, Clinton, discharged Jan. 12. 

1863 ; disability. 
Thompson, Robert, De Kalb, discharged March 7. 

1865; disability. 
Townsend, Robert, Milan, mustered out June 7, 

1865; wounded. 
Unwin, Emanuel, Victor, mustered out June 7, 

Wheeler, Dempster, De Kalb, killed near Marietta, 

Ga., July 3, 1864. 
Woodruff, Felix, Victor, discharged June 3, 1865. 
Wakefield. Geo. W., Clinton, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as corporal. 
Wakefield, Horace, Clinton, mustered out June 7, 

1865; wounded. 
Walker, Robert. Clinton, mustered out June 7, 

1865, as corporal. 
Whitmore, Thomas C. De Kalb, discharged Apiil 

24, 1863 ; disability. 
Wheeler, William, Clinton, mustered out June 7. 

1865; wounded. 
Wiltberger, William H.. Clinton, mustered out 

June 7, 1865. as corporal. 
Whitmore, Silas A.. De Kalb, died Gallatin, Tenn.. 

Feb. 10, 1863. 


Lamb, Curtis A., Victor, transferred to Company 

A, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. 
Pearsons, Judson M., Shabbona, mustered out 

June 7, 1865. 


Fisher, Wyatt, killed at Atlanta, Ga.. Aug. 16, 



Daniel Dustin, Sycamore, promoted brevet briga- 

dier general, March 16, 1865. Mustered out 
June 7, 1S65. 


Henry F. Vallette, Naperville, resigned June 18, 

Everell F. Dutton, Sycamore, promoted brevet 

brigadier general, March 16, 1865. Mustered 

out June 7, 1865. 


Everell F. Dutton, Sycamore, promoted. 
Henry D. Brown, Sycamore, mustered out June 7, 


William N. Phillips, Wayne, resigned Dec. 2, 1862. 
David D. Chandler, De Kalb, mustered out Jun3 
7, ; 1865. 


Timothy Wells, Sycamore, mustered out June 7, 

. 1S65-; 


Horace S. Potter, Chicago, killed in battle June 

2, 1864. 
Alfred Waterman, Warrenville, mustered out June 

7. 1865. 


Alfred Waterman, Warrenville, promoted. 
George W. Beggs, Naperville, mustered out June 
7. 1865. 


George W. Beggs, Naperville. promoted. 


Levi P. Crawford, Sandwich, resigned Dec. 24,