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Full text of "The past and present of Vermilion County, Illinois .."

V 5-il 



Glass _ 

Book 'Vj/Pi 



/ 



THE 



PAST AND PRESENT 



OF 



VERMILION COUNTY 



ILLINOIS 



ILLUSTRATED 



CHICAGO: 

The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. 
1903 



Vt. 



Mi^ 



Biography is the only true history."— EMERSON. 






INDKX. 



PAGE 

Abdill, Edward C 983 

Acton, William M 325 

Adams, Ellis 1047 

Adams, Harvey C 22y 

Adams, L. P 842 

Aldridge, Mahlou 544 

Alison, Rev. M. M 51S 

Alldredge, W. R 828 

Allen, Charles A 70 

Alkrfcon, S. W 1024 

Allhands, F. M 498 

Allison, Alfred II45 

Anker, William J 1005 

Arnold, N. M 926 

Atwood, Alfred 53- 

Auer, Rev. Melchior 1 151 

Ay res, Fred H 5i7 

Babcock, Dr. H. S 998 

Bailey, Joseph 730 

Bailey, J. P 238 

Bailey, M. B 225 

Baird, G. W 739 

Baird, Joseph 1013 

Baird, J. F 719 

Baird, W. 1 375 

Baker, H. S 818 

Baldwin, John M 475 

Baldwin, Lycurgus looi 

Barnhart, Ephraim 413 

Barton, R. T 660 

Baum, Samuel W 130 

Baum, W. F 784 

Beard, David 1054 

Benjamin, A. B 736 

Bennett, Thomas 656 

Benson, O. C 887 

Berhalter, A. A 338 



PAGE 

Bever. William, Sr 904 

Beyer, Mrs. Mary 583 

Black, Samuel 270 

Blackstock, W. J 351 

Blair, Mrs. Mary J 1077 

Blankenburg, Ernst 234 

Block, R. .\ 483 

Bogart, C. J 653 

Bolles, H.H 944 

Boo'rde, Elijah J 409 

Brandon, D. C 748 

Branham, Esther E 298 

Bratton, T. A 429 

Brewer, Daniel 694 

Bridgett, William M 152 

Briggs, CM 311 

Bristow, S. A 790 

Brothers, Stephen 685 

Brown, Daniel mi 

Brown, Dr. W. A 955 

Buckingham, George T 75 

Buhl. Cliarles 312 

Busby. C. F 627 

Butterfield, Murry J 1051 

Buy. Fred 1122 

Calhoun, W. J 1042 

Callahan, Simeon 995 

Cameron, L. A 69 

Campbell, F. M 659 

Campbell. Joseph 323 

Campbell, J. D 602 

Campbell. J. J 1108 

Campbell, Rev. W. L 1099 

Cannon. Hon. J. G 968 

Carnahan, Gen. R. H 616 

Carson, John 490 

Carson, John M 576 



PAGE 

Carter, W. H 171 

Castleman, T. B 867 

Cathcart, W. G 1 157 

Catiherwood, A. T 1 148 

Catherwood, M r s. Mary 

Hartwell 208 

Catherwood. J. S 206 

Catlett, Herald 630 

Catlett, Hiram H 947 

Chamberlin, O. P 581 

Chesley, C. E 378 

Chesley, John L 721 

Chesley, L. A 1 1 14 

Chesley, Robert V 172 

Christman, J. S 1102 

Christman, T. F 38 

Church, William A 802 

Clark, Judge S. M 841 

Clapp, A. R 888 

Clements, Col, Isaac 852 

Cline, Spencer 1 1 17 

Clingan, J. W 1030 

Clingan, L. A 385 

Cloyd, Dr. Frazier N 667 

Cloyd, Dr. R. A 5^5 

Clutter, A. H 284 

Coburn, G. F 261 

Cochran, Dr. W. A 137 

Cockerton, George E 135 

Coddington, A. E nog 

Cole, George S 1089 

Collins, Neville A 1078 

Collison, F. A 132 

Collison, Samuel 61 

Collison, Thomas F 158 

Conunercial Trust & Savings ■ 

Bank 1 103 

Cook, B. F 882 



INDEX. 



PACE 

Cook, Enos 88i 

Cook, James P l6i 

Cosat. John J 775 

Cossairt, William 4'4 

Courtney, J. B 941 

Cox, J. A 1073 

Craddock. William 567 

Cromwell, Jackson 1058 

Cronkhitc, B. E 1015 

Crow, Charles F 495 

Cruzan. Alpheus 1023 

Current, Isaac 3-26 

Current. W. H 283 

Cunningham^ E. E 149 

Cunningham, Joseph 41 

Ctmninghani. J. A 45 

Cunningham, William T.... 66 

Custer, John M 125 

Dale. John W 16 

Daniel, O. M 600 

Darr, George W 763 

Davis, I'". L 1032 

Davis. Henry 1050 

Davis. Ira Grant 859 

Davis. James 615 

Davis, J. T 601 

Davis, M. C 610 

Davis, W. J 422 

Davison, James 1076 

Deal, John 777 

DeL/jng. C. B 78 

Dice. James H 433 

Dickinson, John A 574 

Dickson, Janies A 812 

Diehl, John W 492 

Dillon. George 372 . 

Dobhins, W. G 949 

Dodge, Gen. A. G. P 978 

Doney. B. T 151 

Donnelly. Edward 482 

Dougherty. James M 112 

Dougherty. J. M 1083 

Douglass, Dorman B yo6 

Douglass, J. M 546 

Duffin, Thomas 554 

Dukes, John H 1098 

Duley, W. W 1016 

Dimcan, Darius 4.'?6 

Dwiggins. Dr. Walter 28 

Dye. W. W 905 

Eader. U. R 203 

Elliott, Milton 635 



P.AGE 

Ellsworth, C. E 900 

EllsworBh, J. P 963 

F.nglisih, Charles L 96 

English, J. G 196 

Erikson. Ludvig 999 

Evans. Judge D. D 57 

Kverhart. Benjamin 401 

Fairchild. Francis M 712 

Fairchild, Harrison 402 

Fairchild, N. R 769 

F.iirchild, Seth 368 

Fairhall. Dr. Joseph 388 

Fares, F. C. V 1092 

Fanlstick, August 681 

Finley. Dr. J. L 896 

Finley, Watts 650 

Fisher, John W 35 

Fithian, Elisha C. B 228 

Fithian. Dr. Paul E 662 

Fithian, Dr. William 825 

Fleming. A. U 789 

Fleming. J. .A 973 

Flint, W. .-X 411 

Fox. Dr. A. L 919 

Fox. J. W 1 155 

France. H. S 1119 

Frazier, Jay M 1093 

Frazier, John, Sr 458 

Frazier, Perry 1091 

Friends in Vcmiilion county. 848 

Funk, Carl 3:^3 

Gaines, Francis 286 

Garner, James M 1093 

Gass, L. D 138 

George. Thomas J 1 1 16 

Gerrard, John 569 

Giddings, Frank .\ 1018 

f.illc.spic, C. H 428 

Gilmorc, James 939 

Gones, Thomas 451 

Goodner, Mrs. Linca E 883 

GcKxKvinc. James 804 

Goodwine. John, Jr 267 

(;(K)dwinc, J. W.. Sr 636 

Gravat, Oscar B ii.M 

Greenebaum, Gus M 82 

(iregory. A. S 782 

Griffith. Linn 11.., 491 

Gustin. F. M 1068 

Hacker, Frederick 531 

Haggard, D. B 254 



PAGE 

Hahn, Leonard J 634 

Hamilton, John L 625 

Hanly, Dr. G. M 1153 

Hanson, William T 987 

Harris, H. W 242 

Harrison, George 1144 

Harry. S. A. D 644 

Hart, Charles B 515 

Hart, Samuel 1 130 

Hart, William 266 

Hawkins, W. C 753 

Hcaly, J. J 299 

Hebel, .Andrew 484 

Hen<lerson, Olen 781 

Henry, George W 1003 

Henton. Dr. C. D 879 

Herron, John H 22 

Hester, Mrs. Rhoda M 400 

Hessey, William 853 

Hilleary, George F 1132 

Himrod, David 827 

Himrod, Patten 965 

Hinshaw, Dr. D. C 1/7 

Hodges, Rev. Sylvester 442 

Hollovvay. Capt. G. W 741 

Holmes, Robert 246 

Honej'Avell, Alba 84 

Hoopes, Thomas 62 

Hoover, Janies 834 

Hoskins. George W 975 

Howard. J. J 674 

Howard. Thomas A 124 

Hubb. William 194 

Hubbard, N. E 394 

Hughes, Thomas 214 

Humphrey, Dr. S. A 750 

Ingle, G. W 668 

Ingles, Dr. J. A 291 

Irwin, Capt. S. S 961 

Jewell. W. R 950 

Johns, John 529 

Johns, Levi 590 

Johnson. A. L 884 

Johnson, Fred II 1071 

Johnson, John H 1035 

Johnson, W. C loii 

Johnston, David 539 

Johnston, W. T 26 

Jones, .Arthur 552 

Jones, Mrs. Charlotte 709 

Jones, C. E 794 

Jones, C. P 993 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Jones, Dr. G. B 1065 

Jones, George T 665 

Jones, G. W 704 

Jones, Ira G 860 

Jones, Dr. LeRoy 742 

Judy, A. B 1079 

Juvinall, D. M 1131 

Juvinall, James 1074 

Kceney, W. F... 954 

Keeslar, J. W 255 

Kelley, Michael 126 

Kespler, Edward C 387 

Kesoler, F. E 510 

Kester, H. B 278 

Kimbrough, Dr. A. H 292 

Kimbrough, E. R. E 163 

Knight, James 269 

Knight, Johnson F 1 127 

Kiiykendall. W. D m 

Lancaster, Mrs. Mary Jane.. 621 

Lane, Jesse 879 

Lane, L. D 778 

Lane, W. V 10.38 

Larson, Peter 1 125 

Leach, B. F 7l8 

Leeka, Dr. Jesse 420 

Leemon, John 166 

Leemon, R. A 570 

Leitzbach, Dr. A. J 464 

LeNeve, A. N 47 

LeNeve. Samuel P 556 

Leonard, B. F 996 

Leseure, Ernest X 921 

Leseure, Prosper 896 

Leseure, Victor 1067 

Lcverich, J. G 478 

Lewis, Charles M 555 

Lindley, Frank 772 

Littler, John A 1019 

Loring, Asbury 449 

Lottman, Dr. W. A 463 

Loutzenhiser, A. A 724 

Love, Isaac A 728 

Lynch, William 324 

Lyon, Jotham 696 

McCabe, J. M 345 

McClenathan, C. V 993 

McCord, O. L 205 

McCoy, J. F 511 

McCray, George M 7^2 

McCusker, Edward 11 13 



PAGE 

McElhaney, B. F 1034 

McFarland, John 1021 

McFarland, O. A 770 

McFerren, J. S 30 

Mcintosh, Dr. J. H 165 

McMillin, William M 1112 

McNeill, Milton M 701 

McRejaiolds, W. C 340 

Mahoney, George C 622 

Mann, Abrahami, Jr 303 

Mann, Abraham, Sr 294 

Mann, J. B 434 

Mann, John T ._ 306 

Martin, Edwin "543 

Martm, Patrick 364 

Martin, P. T 761 

Matei, R. H 443 

Maxon, Oscar F 1128 

Mayhugh, John 977 

Meade, David 796 

Menig, George F 894 

Messner, L. C 1006 

Miichael, Dr. O. W 501 

Miller. Dr. Ear! 379 

Miller. George W 932 

Miller, J. W 1055 

Miller, John W 562 

Miller, Stacey 1046 

Moore, Dr. Samuel II37 

Moore, William 104 

Mbore, Dr. William J 809 

Moran, Charles 466 

Mozier, A. H 380 

Mulvany, Christopher 537 

Murphy, Roy L 203 

Myers, L. R 346 

Nash, Dr. W. R 477 

Neville, Norbourn 27 

Newlon, John W 594 

Newman, Mrs. A. L 833 

Norris, L. C 985 

Oak wood, Thomas 702 

Odbert, F. N 1156 

O'Haver, Dr. J. W 890 

Olmsted, A. G 221 

Olmsted, W. C 338 

O'Neal, James 377 

Osborn, F. R 142 

Osman, John W 967 

Painter, H. H 457 

Palmer, E. H 452 



PAGE 

Parle, Sylvester 1129 

Pasteur, Mrs. Ida J 176 

Payne, Lincoln 855 

Payne, W. J 503 

Payton, Jam«s G 688 

Pearson, G. C 13 

Pearson, Judge John 11 

Perry, Thomas 1066 

Peterson, Benjamin 1086 

Pettegrew, John H 109 

Phillips, John A 365 

Poland, Dr. B. I I57 

Porter, Dr. William D 856 

Porterfield, M. F 247 

Powell, Dr. H. C 1069 

Prather, G. W $04 

Prather, James U 143 

Prather, Jonathan I95 

Price, A. S 262 

Price, George 573 

Price, W. H 922 

Ptigh, Mionroe 810 

Purnell, George W 1 140 

Pivtman, C. T 469 

Ray, George T 237 

Redden, William B 76 

Redmond, Dr. T. B 899 

Rees, Isaac M' 871 

Reilly, George W 118 

Reilly, William 1096 

Reveal, W. N 680 

Rhoten, J. H 305 

Rice, B. S 1041 

Rice, J. J 366 

Rideout, Dr. J. L lOI 

Robertson, Isaac 840 

Robertson, Zachariah 276 

Rogers, S. A. D 1123 

Rouse, Edward 184 

Rimyon, Dr. T. H 608 

Rusk, Josiah 527 

Rnsling, Mrs. Frances 743 

Samuel, A. R 553 

Sandusky, Josiah 256 

Sandusky, W. T 352 

Sandusky, William 155 

Sanford, Frank 470 

Schario, Andrew 986 

Sconce, Harvey J 183 

Sconce, James S 178 

Scott. G. M 927 

Shankland, D. M 1095 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Shea, John G 369 

Shedd, James G 1002 

Shcrrill, Dana U47 

Short, R. A 1033 

Sibrcl, A. J 1105 

Silver, W. M 232 

Sloan, James 874 

Smalley, R. C 642 

Smith, A. B 248 

Smith, Mrs. A. E 285 

Smith, A. G 956 

Smith, E. C 943 

Smith, George G 94 

Smith, Henry 472 

Smith, James L 648 

Smith, John R .U 

Smith, Joseph 1031 

Smith, R. H ii39 

SmiUh, W. M ,39^ 

Snai)p & .Sons. L. E "7 

Snider, Charles 1 103 

Sodowsky, Harvey 331 

Songcr, A. M 917 

Sowers, Noah D 920 

Spang, C. B 103 

Spang, T. H 997 

Sperry, Eli S IO52 

Sperry, Wallace 2g 

Sprouls, John 877 

Stearns, J. C 584 

Stevens, Charles E 811 

Stevens, William T 831 



P.VGE 

Steward, John L 319 

Stewart, Dr. John C 202 

Stewart, William 865 

Slites, B. F 686 

Stratman, William, Jr 711 

Swank, John P II7 

Tanner, George 191 

Taylor, A. A 654 

Terrell, Robert 754 

Thompson, John R 1060 

Thompson, L. M 744 

Thompson. M. W 20 

Tilton. George R 643 

Tilton, George W 723 

Tomlinson, F. D 1 70 

Trego, A. H 50 

Trent, J. B io97 

Vance. J. C 310 

Van Etten, Frank H nao 

Vinson, Henson 593 

Vinson, Levin 5^4 

Voorhees, Peter 988 

Ward. A 245 

Warner, C. W 360 

Watson, M. H 762 

Watson, S. A 682 

Watson, Thomas 672 

Weaver, Michael 99 

Webster, Rev. W. H 9.54 



P.\GE 

Werner, Joseph 1012 

White, William 317 

Whitham, Eugene H 928 

Wilkin, Judge Jacob W 1087 

Wilkins, Dr. J. M 358 

Williams, A. S 981 

Williams, C. C 1150 

Williams, James 343 

Williams, John 868 

Williams, Thomas I47 

Williams, William 854 

Willison, E. B II43 

Willius, John B 354 

Wilson, S. G 90 

Wilson, Dr. W. R 897 

Witherspoon, L. M 334 

Wolcott, Albert 1084 

Wolter, William 1124 

Woodbury, J. C 629 

Woolverton, Thomas 240 

Worthington, R. R 1142 

Wray, J. M 1009 

Wright, M. M 1057 

Wysong, O. B lOO 

Yapp, Jacob 579 

Yeager, Mangus 787 

Y'eomans, George B 496 

York, W.. H 371 

York, Wil! TI 1102 

Ztr?e, A. S 1037 



PAST AND PRESENT 

OF 

VERMILION COUNTY. 



By G. C. Pearson. 



'"The Past and Present of Vermilion 
County with that of DanviHe its County- 
seat" is an excehent title for a volume de- 
voted to historical facts as well as to bio- 
graphical sketches of those who were promi- 
nent in founding- and shaping the conditions 
existing at present. Few realize the true 
significance of wdiat the past embraces in a 
field no wider than that of Vermilion 
county. We need go no farther than the 
fall of i8ig, when a company of five men, 
Blackman, Beckwith. Treat, Allen and 
Whitcomb located at Salt Springs, a few 
miles west of the present city of Danville, 
They were pioneers, promoters, and specu- 
lators, in search of what was at that time 
more esteemed than gold or silver — salt — 
since it was an essential in the domestic 
economy of the early settlers and was diffi- 
cult to obtain. 

It is not our purpose to offer a detailed 
narrative or repeat that which has been so 
well presented by a historian of acknowl- 
edged ability and research, who in his able 
work has rendered it easy to follow the dis- 
coveries and early explorations of the 
French missionaries, the first Europeans to 



invade the vast territory drained Ijy the 
Mississippi and its tributaries, and by the 
chain of lakes and rivers from Chicago and 
Duluth to Quebec. 

Illinois, Vermilion county and Danville 
are especially considered in the history re- 
ferred to which furnishes matter of special 
local interest. These French missionaries 
were in many respects remarkable for their 
tenacity of purpose in making geographical 
explorations and gaining a knowledge of 
the countrj' and in securing the co\-eted 
wealth in the large amount of peltry, which 
they obtained of the Indians, at prices dic- 
tated by themselves. Another motive which 
stimulated them greatly was that of extend- 
ing their church propaganda, by which they 
hoped to Christianize and control the numer- 
ous war-like tribes of Indians who were 
never at peace, but were continually carry- 
ing" on wars which resulted in the extermi- 
nation of one or both contestants. Another 
and no doubt as great a stimulas promoted 
these explorations. It was that by the right 
of discovery the vast expanse over which 
they travelled as well as all contiguous terri- 
torv was theirs or rather their soveriegn's or 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILION COUNTY. 



ruler's, wlio could control, convey and dic- 
tate terms relating to these territories re- 
gardless of the rights of tlie aboriginal 
owners who were dispossessed of tiieir 
homes regardless of justice or equity. 

Is there in the catalogue of crimes any- 
thing comparing with the treatment and 
dealings of the civilized white man with the 
aboriginal barbarian, fmni the first landing 
of the Clirisli.-mizing Sjjaniards in the \\'est 
Indies to the present congressional donation 
of rights of way to railroads and opening 
up for settlement by whites nf the lands in 
Indian reservations to which they had been 
assigned when driven from their l)irthright 
homes, east of the Great l\i\er? Injustice 
and rol)bery of the Indians has been the rule. 

Illinois as it is at present bounded was 
admitted into the L'nirm December 3. 1818, 
by an act of congress Ajjril 18. df that year. 
The first state constitution was ado])ted that 
year remaining in force until March. 1848, 
when a new one was adopted. The most 
important feature of this was a clau.se 
ordering an annual two mill tax to pay 
off the state debt. This constitution 
answered for twent\-two years, when 
August 8. 1870. the organic law was adopted 
when radical changes followed, which have 
been of great value to the peo])le. With 
fift\'-six thousand S(|uarc miles of land in 
her boundaries. Illinois has one hundred and 
two counties. \'ermilion county ranks 
fourth with a thousand sc|uare miles : La 
Salle county with a thousand and eighty 
miles is next: Iroquois with one thousand 
and one hundred; and McLean with one 
thousand one hundred and fifty s(|u;ire miles 
is the largest. 

\'ermilion count}- tojiographically con- 
sidered as well as agriculturally is nrtt sur- 
passed l)y any portion of the state which is 



ni>ted for its superiority in these respects. 
W iib the artesian out-])(nn" of ]inre water in 
unlimited quantities in the northwestern 
I)ortion of the county: with two and three 
six and seven foot veins of excellent bitumi- 
nous coal underlaying the west and south- 
west portion of the county : clay, sand and 
rock deposits favofably situated for utiliz- 
ing at minumum er-cpense. all well distributed 
throughout the county, such ad\-antages 
are to be considered w hen determining upon 
locations for manufacturing and the invest- 
ment of cai)ital .and cnterjjriscs. the success 
of which depends u])on economical material 
and the con\ersion of same into what is 
desired. X'crmilion county is especially 
favored in regard to its freedom from 
climatic extremes. The reason for this is 
that located as it is midway in the thermal 
belt between the tliirtv-nintli and fortieth 
degree of latitude, outside of the great air 
currents which follow the mountain ranges 
on both sides of the continental valley 
through which (low the water arteries north 
and south from the .\rctic circle to the Gulf 
of Mexico — there is a lessened liabilitv of 
barometrical disturbances which variations 
in pressure are primarily the cause of 
tornadoes, cyclones, gales and all of the 
variouslv named winds which benefit or in- 
jure mruikind. The relation of climate, 
more especially the weather, to health, is an 
inc|uir\- deserving of consideration. It will 
be found from statistics that this section of 
the state compares with the most favored, 
not only as regards diseases of the respira- 
tor}- .system Init is free from annual malarial 
diseases resulting from marshes and poorly 
drained alluvial soils. 

In the early part of 1827, (iuy W. Smith 
and Dan. W. Beckwith donated land to the 
countv for a countv-seat. Dan\ille occu- 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILION COUNTY. 



pies that and much more land at present. 
It was a fortunate as well as an ideal lo- 
cation. As the plainsmen ha\e it, "there 
was an abundance of wood, water and 
grass" all easily obtainable. No dang-er of 
floods, matters not if a repetition of Noah's 
time occured ; e.xcellent and economical 
drainage, yet easily accessible from all di- 
rections. Evidences of the Indian's appre- 
ciation of the beauty and advantages of this 
site was to be seen by the pioneer, their 
camping grounds and former \'illage sites 
extending from the crescent banks of the 
main Vermilion river on the south, along 
the billowy shaped bluffs on tiie west, which 
befined the course of the Xortlt Fork to the 
abrupt Denmark Hills. Eastward Stone 
Creek, which was a rapidly flowing stream 
of clear cold water, was the boundary. Re- 
member, too, that this plateau, level as a 
floor, was free from underbrush until long 
after the advent of the whites. A beautiful 
forest of sugar maple was in the southeast- 
ern part, while oaks, walnuts, elms and other 
varities of deciduous trees clothed the north- 
ern portion. It would be useless to attempt 
a pen photogra])h as it would in nowise 
furnish a picture of the natural beauties of 
the original landscape before it was marred 
and destroyed by the ruthless hand of man ; 
ready to sacrifice any and e\-ery thing for 
gain. I doubt if there exists a nature so 
barren of sentiment, so lacking in all that 
elevates mankind above the brute that has 
not some fondness and love of the beautiful. 
Can imagination, poetically inspired though 
it be, present and form any type of beauty 
compared with spring, clothed in her varied 
shades of the bursting; buds of trees and 
shrubs trimmed with garlands of flowers of 
e\"ery color: the summer of hope and antici- 
pation : followed ■ then by the season of 



fruition ; succeeded In- grim visaged winter 
which was, howe\er, a time of warm liearted 
hospitality in pioneer days. The latch string 
of their log cabins was out to all who be- 
sired to enjoy good cheer — letters of intro- 
duction, creed and party played no part in 
invitations to take a chair and make oneself 
at home by the hospitable host. The deep 
broad fireplaces, the width of one side or 
end of the cabin, with its back-log and pile 
of maple or hickory wooil gave both heat 
and light — a cheerful place it was for family 
or stranger when the day's work was done, 
to gather in front of the liright blaze, re- 
count the happenings of the day, discuss 
])olitics (papers and boc^ks were few and far 
between in those days ) plan for the morrow's 
deer hunt or wolf drive, and not infrequently 
do some "sparking" if there was an un- 
coupled young woman in the house. 
Modern formalities were unknown, matri- 
monial as well as other proposals were 
direct and easilv understood. A couple in- 
tent on a better or worse program "mounted 
a nag" and were soon wedded by a minister 
or sc|uire at an outlay often times of not 
more than a "thank you squire" or "much 
obliged, Mr. Dominie." Efficient police 
were unnecessary for guarding presents or 
reporters needed for blazoning to the public 
the folly as well as names of friends. It 
would sound strangelv at the present time, 
if it was gi\'en out to the ubit(nitous reporter 
bjr a pork packer, that he intended building 
a boat at the foot of \'ermilion street with 
gunwales and jjlank from trees cut on the 
flat east and adjoining and loading this boat 
for New Orleans with hams and bacon 
from hogs butchered on the ground over 
which the Wabash railroad now passes on 
the north en.d of the bridge. This has been 
done, however, that ti> within the memory 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILION COUNTY. 



of hv no means tlie oldest inhabitant. 
E(|ually strange to the well fed citizen of 
this day is the fact that a little flutter mill 
on the North Fork, near the ground occu- 
pied by Beard X- Custer's icehouses, fur- 
nished the meal for mush and ])ones in 
1834-5-6. for not only most of Danville's 
citizens but the ccnintry round about. The 
amount that an individual couUl get ground 
was limited to a bushel, half bu.shel custom- 
ers had the preference, although the rule of 
succession was as arbitrarily enforced as it 
is at a po])ular and brst class barber .shop. 
Waiting for hours in sunshine or in rain to 
get a half bushel of com mashed or cracked 
(it never was bolted) would not suit pre.sent 
customers who demand immediate attenticm 
in su])plying their retiuest by telephone and 
complain nf the tardiness of the grocer or 
butcher if tha\' fail in matcri;d or time. 

,\ matter which may be forgotten if not 
noted is this: there was a time in Danville's 
history when there was no butcher shop or 
])lace where provisions could be obtained at 
all times : beef was killed on the scjuare 
after ha\'ing been thoroughly tested for 
milk sickness; if affected it was shown by 
\iolent trembling which ga\e the disease the 
name it was generally known by (trembles) 
it was the cause of many deaths among the 
early settlers. Milk, butter or Ijeef from 
towns or country northeast of the city was 
regarded with sus|)i(5ion. An English family 
of se\-eii who liJid recently settled in Dan- 
ville on the southeast corner of Hazel and 
North streets died in a week from eating- 
butter coming a mile or so northeast from 
the junctifin. The father was a ])(jsitive 
man who said there was not a bit of truth 
in the sickness coming from eating butter, 
that there was no such thing ;is milk sick- 
ness, that he would show the 1 loosiers that 



he was right. I'oor fellow, his faniilv and 
him.self might have escaped a fearful death 
had he been willing to accept facts and not 
stubbornly ignored them. This milk sick- 
ness is something which has eluded in- 
vestigation ; that it is the result of poison 
taken into the system from lieef. butter or 
milk is accepted Ijy medical men wh()se 
practice has given them opportunities for 
inxestigation and treating it. Danville's fair 
name was clouded for years by the reported 
niilk sickness and from the reputation it 
gained in the business transactions at the 
land office which was located there. A 
re])utation smirched is like a name with a 
bar sinister, difl'icult to ])ut aside or over- 
come. With bright prospects for the future 
let us ho])e that all tending to detract from 
Danville's fair name is forever biuMed and 
will l>e forgotten. 

Accepting the pro])osition that effect fol- 
lows cause and is dei)endent itpon it. we have 
briellv outlined that which is termed history 
in the organization of X^ermilion comity, 
with incidental reference to those who gave 
to Danville the county seat an existence as 
such. An attempt to antidate the Indian 
occu])ancy when discovered by the whiles 
or Europeans takes us into a field of un- 
limited speculation, one in which ruithropol- 
ogists as well as archaeologists ha\e signally 
failed in determining. 

.■\s has been previously slated in this 
preface, France by right of discovery of the 
Padres (priests) claimed the Mississip])i 
\alley as also the territories adjacent to the 
lake from the .Atlantic to the Rocky Abiun- 
tains. In a work of this kind, however, an 
extended and detailed account of occurrences 
lirior to the time of occupancy of those 
whose biographies are given, would be of 
no special interest to them, their relatives 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILIOM COUNTY. 



or personal friends. The pressing" needs 
supplied by such a work as the "Past anrl 
Present" is recognized when we look around 
and note the absence of the many familiar 
faces who but a short time ago were prime 
factors and participants in every depart- 
ment and phase of life. How soon are they, 
and will we be forgotten ! Not a pleasant 
subject for contemplation for those whose 
lives have been and are a continuous strug- 
gle to attain some desirable aim — money, 
position, or office for themselves and chil- 
dren. No one, matters not how; lacking 
they are as regards public estimation while 
living, who does not crave for their families 
and friends some record of their existence — 
information which in years to come will be 
treasured and referred to. if not by the 
world at large by those who are directly 
interested — children, grandchildren, great- 
grandchildren — often by descendants of 
many times removed. 

The territory embraced in Vermilion 
county was a part of Crawford county, then 
of Clark county, which extended as far north 
as the Kankakee river. Edgar county fol- 
lowed in the secjuence of county creations 
and was taken from Clark county in January 
182,3. By an act of the legislature January 
18, 1826, Vermilion county was created 
from part of Edgar county and its bound- 
aries defined which were subsequently al- 
tered by subtractions and additions. In 
1833 Iroquois was formed: Champaign 
county was given a goodly strip from the 
west side; Livingston county, organized in 
1837, came in for another slice from the 
northwest corner of Vermilion county ; 
Grundy county in 1841. Will county, 
Iroquois, and Kankakee counties all had 
more or less and yet Vermilion county was 



left territory enough to make her rank as 
fourth in size of the one hundred and two 
counties in the state. 

The early immigration into this terri- 
tory was from the southeast, the Carolinas, 
Tennessee, \'irginia, Kentucky, southern 
Ohio and Indiana, furnished a majority of 
those who sought new homes and enjoy the 
free elbow room existing where neighbors 
were few and stock range unlimited. From 
the present standpoint it is not possible to 
have a correct understanding or idea of 
pioneer society. En\-ironments differing es- 
sentially from what existed fifty years ago 
necessarily effect not only society but every- 
thing connected with and related to it. At- 
tempted descriptions as ordinarily given are 
simply extravaganzas or caricatures. What 
would fashion's de\'otees of the present think 
if called upon to card, spin, weave, dye and 
make the linsey woolsey for their dresses 
and underwear — knit theirs and the stock- 
ings for the household from yarn, every 
thread of which from the sheep's back had 
passed through their busy fingers. The hum 
and whirr of spinning wheels large and 
small, the thud-thud of the loom — was the 
music of the drawing room, reception room, 
parlor, and kitchen all i n one and not 
"E-Pluribus-Unum", as it is now when 
evolution's re(|uirements declare for com- 
fort and ease which cannot be thorouglily 
enjoyed without an unlimited number of 
apartments and servants many therewith. 
What think you would one of those pioneer 
grandmothers have said if such a notice as 
the following had come under her eyes : 
"Girl wanted, two in family, no washing, 
two days out, good wages. Apply at once. 
Room 1903, Flat B". Here it may be well 
to also state tiiat first class girls equal in 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILION COUNTY. 



every respect to tliose employing them were 
paid twenty-five anil tiftv cents per week — 
were regarded as companions and treated as 
such, not as inferiors, drudges unworthy of 
notice. 'I'lie socialistic sentiment existing 
tlien was prochictive of genuine friendship 
wliicii lasted through life. The feudalistic 
idea of inherent iinhilitx' or blue-bloi.idism 
imported fn_)m lun'ope in later years would 
not have been tolorated in a true democracy. 

The government land office for this dis- 
trict was located in Danville in 183 1-2. 
Samuel .McRoberts (afterwards United 
States senator) was the tirst recei\er: J. C. 
Alexander the lirst register. This office re- 
mained until the public land or most of it 
was disposed of. This recjuired some years, 
many receivers and registers ser\'ing in 
these responsible ])ositions faithfully and 
well. Latterl)-, however, the office was used 
by out-siders for personal profit to the detri- 
ment of its rejjutation which reflected upon 
Dan\ille"s reputation and retarded its 
growth. Gold and silver coin alone was ac- 
cepted for land by the government. This 
coin was stored in boxes and stacked uj) mi 
the lloor of the office until the joist would 
bend and the fioor sag under the weight. 
When dei)osits were made at the sub-treas- 
lU'y in Chicago, a wagnn load nf monev was 
sent with no guard or protection except the 
driver and a citizen perhaps, who had busi- 
ness in the Lake City, one hundred and 
twenty-five miles distant, most of the wav 
through a- sparsely .settled fountry. What 
an iipportunity for present professionalists 
til burglarize vaults, .safes and strong boxes, 
terrorize whole communities, and hold up 
railroad trains with impunitv. 

A fortunate thing has it been for Dan- 
ville escaping as it has. all the booms except 



that of 1836 when it was slightly effected. 
It has lieen called old fogisli. a one-horse 
place, by town-site jjromoters and specu- 
lators whose boom cities ha\e gone to the 
wall long ago, while Danxille like the tor- 
toise has won the race. Progress based up- 
on established business in process of develop- 
ing interests which lung cx])erience has 
shown to be necessary and profitable, with 
assurance of continuance, attracts capital 
and investors notoriously shy and conservat- 
ive. Another thing which faxurs the future 
welfare of Danville, as well as that of \'er- 
milion county, if the awakening of the 
citizens to the necessity of utilizing the latent 
sources of wealth which ha\e remained un- 
disturbed until recently. 

Danville's first railroad was the ( ireat 
Western of Illinois in 1859. Consttlidated 
with the Wabash was efYected in June, 1865, 
when a division was made from the state line 
to Danville, making Danville thetenninal 
for east and west divisions. In December, 
1869. the Indiana])olis. l*loomington & 
^\'e,stem was built into Danville from the 
\\ est and from Danville east to Indianapolis 
in December, 1870. Chicago, Danville & 
\'incennes Railroad was completed to Dan- 
ville in Decenil)cr. 1871: the shops, engine 
house etc., during 1872. What is known as 
the Collett road from Terre Haute to Dan- 
ville (a part of the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois .system) was com])leted into Dan- 
ville December, 1871. The Paris & Dan- 
ville Railroad (a portion of the Big Four 
system at present) was built in 1872. 

It is scarcely necessary to trace the de- 
velopment of the street car system of Dan- 
\illc from the day when two rats of mules 
with tinkling bells to warn ]iedestrians as 
well as others to clear the track for the 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILION COUNTY. 



swiftly moving car in whicli the conipan)- 
could have guaranteecl a sound snooze be- 
tween any of the parks, the Junction, public 
square and transfer office. Wonderful 
changes have been brought about by that 
agency, electricity, not in Inconiotion alone 
but evei"ything else in civilized life, viewed 
from the present standpoint. 

The lives and experiences of the earliest 
pioneers w'ould furnish material for volumes 
of greater interest by far than the creations 
of authors without the personal experience 
which alone gives true relish to recitals of 
border life. Simple statements of every day 
life filled with constant danger of robbery, 
murder and the many contingencies of at- 
tacks by Indians and worse still by the 
refugees and desperadoes that lived upon the 
borders of ci\'ilization. There was a num- 
ber of genuine trappers and hunters living 
in the vicinity of Danville — men of the 
Daniel Boone order. One well remembered 
by the writer was Captain Jim Clynian, a 
genuine frontiersman, hunter and trapper, 
tall, spare in flesh, keen deep-set blue eyes, 
face and hands as bronzed as the color of 
smoked buckskin ; hair that fell upon his 
shoulders; mouth that closed like a steel 
trap, surrounded by a hea\'y lieard which 
with his hair was the color of dried grass. 
Habited in a composite dress of linsey wool- 
sey wamus, buckskin pants, and foot wear, 
a coon skin cap w^orn when in the settlement. 
His long full stocked flint-lock rifle, toma- 
hawk and knife were never out of reach ex- 
cept when he was in the house of a friend, 
which was seldom. He had crossed the 
continent a number of times : years before 
the gold excitement he trapped and hunted 
on the head waters of the Columbia, Mis- 
souri, Yellow Stone and other rivers on the 



western side of the continent. He had 
crossed the Sierra Nevadas into Sacramento 
valley ; was thoroughly acquainted with the 
topography of California, its mild climate 
and abundance of game but knew nothing" of 
the gold which lay exposetl upon the slate 
bed rock of creeks and rivers on the wes- 
tern slope of the mountains. This, however, 
is not so strange when Fremont with his 
corps of scientists traxersed these ranges over 
the same ground no doubt which Clyman 
had hunted, and not a word was said in his 
reports to go\-ernment abijut gold. A 
pioneer California gold prospector is 
skeptical to the merits of the so called 
scientists who if they knew did not report it. 
Clvman's remarkable individuality attracted 
all who came in contact with him. At times 
when in conversational mood he could keep 
listeners s]3ell bound by narrating- his per- 
sonal experiences among the Indians ; of the 
manv hair-breadth escapes from capture, 
which meant death by torture, practiced only 
bv the Indians ; of his contests with mountain 
lions, panthers, grizzly bears and other wild 
animals which furnish the furs so much in 
demand and are captured at such hazard to 
life. Settling finally in Xapa Valley, Cali- 
fornia, this man of adventure passed the 
autumn of life in peace and plenty, dying 
at the ripe age of ninety-two. Space is given 
to this man Clyman as one of the very 
first pioneers of Vermilion county, and yet 
it never mentioned as far as the writer 
knows, in prose or poetry, eulogy or censure. 
Trails and foot paths blazed through the 
woods were the onlj' raods in the early days ; 
bridges there were none; rivers, creeks and 
slotighs must be forded or ferried ; in time 
of high water and floods, delays were neces- 
sary until the water subsided. Traveling 



PAST AND PRESENT OF VERMILION COUNTY. 



was done on foot or horse back by lioth fit fastened to the back of their saddles. In- 
men and women. Short as well as long dei)cndence of thousiht and actit>n character- 
journeys were made tliat way. Old and ized the women pioneers. What they lacked 
young women were jiroficient in c(|ucstra- in scholastic acquirements was made up in 
tion. It was not at all uncf>mm(in for practical know ledjic upon a basis of good 
journeys of several hundred miles to be sense, 
made by them on horseback with tlieir out- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



JUDGE JOHN PEARSON. 

Judge John Pearson prol^ably took as 
active part in the development of Danville as 
any other one man, and his eiTorts were not 
alone along one line. He diil not merely 
contribute to the business growth of the 
city, but gave liberally of his means to the 
support of churches, and moreo\'er he shed 
around him much of life's sunshine, because 
of his kindly, benevolent spirit, his ready 
sympathy and his tired and true friendship. 
Thus it was that Danville loved and honored 
him and readily acknowledged her indebted- 
ness to him for what he accomplished in 
her behalf. 

Judge Pearson was born in A\on, New 
York, in January, 1802. His forefathers 
came from England to America, settling in 
Connecticut, and at an early day representa- 
tives of the family iiecame residents of 
Avon, being among the first settlers of 
western New York, The first of the name in 
this country was Rev. Abraham Pearson, 
who came from Yorkshire, England, in 1639. 
His son, who was also Rev. Abraham Pear- 
son, was the first president of Yale College, 
and died in Killingworth, Connecticut, in 
1707, at the age of sixty-one years. John 
Pearson, the father of the Judge, was the 
1 



sixth child born to Ephraim and Hannah 
Pearson, his birth occurring in the town of 
Tolland, Connecticut, in 1765, while he 
died in western New York, at the age of 
forty-seven years. He was a pioneer mer- 
chant of that part of the state and a very 
wealthy man. He married Rebecca Wat- 
rous, whose first husband was General Hull, 
a Revolutionary soldier; her second, John 
Pearson; and her third. Colonel Samuel 
Blakeslee, also a hero of the Revolution. 
She survived all, dying at the age of ninety- 
six years. 

Judge John Pearson was a graduate of 
Princeton College, of New Jersey, and read 
law with Judge George Hosmer, of Avon. 
There in 1826 he married a daughter of 
George S. Tiffau}', an attorney of Scho- 
harie, New York, of a wealthy and aristo- 
cratic family, all of whom were in the pro- 
fessions. After his marriage Judge Pearson 
came to what was then the far west and be- 
gan practicing law. His brother-i*n-law. 
Rev. Henry Storrs, was then in Ravenna. 
Ohio, and the Judge located in that town. 
He later started for Chicago, stopping en 
route at Detroit to \-isit relati\'es, named 
Truax. At that place he took a sailing ves- 
sel for Chicago, arriving early in June, 
1832, and as there was then no harbor the 



12 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



vessel had to anchor out in tlic lake and the 
passengers were taken asliorc in yawls 
Alajor Whistler was in command of Fort 
Dearborn during the Sauk war of 1832. 
and, as he was a friend of Judge Pearson 
and his family, he had the Judge bring his 
family into the fort. The father, in look- 
ing around Chicago, found it was unsafe to 
remain there unless one was in the fort, so 
he came to Danville, the nearest point of 
safety, a company of rangers being sta- 
tioned here. The Judge came here on horse- 
back to look at the town. During his ab- 
sence the first steamer arrived at Chicago, 
bringing Scott's troops, but it also brought 
the cholera and a regxilar exotlus was made 
from Fort Dearborn. ]\Iark Beubcan took 
the family out to the summit and there 
waited until the father returned with a 
wagon 111 transport them. They were one 
week in making the trip, having to follow 
an Indian trail through Joliet. and quite a 
panic was caused by a lot of Indians who 
came uj) to them, but they were found to 
be not hostile, but in search of food because 
they were starving. 

Judge Pearson began the practice of law 
in Danville and was appointed by the legis- 
lature to the office of circuit judge, his cir- 
cuit comprising Cook, Will, Iroquois, Du 
Page and De Kalb counties, and he made 
his home in Joliet, while filling that office. 
He served on the bench until elected to the 
state senate, when he resigned the judge 
ship, and later he resigned as senator in 
favor of Joel Matteson. His wife died 
June 4, 1842, and in 1843 he married Kath- 
erine Passage, of Princeton, New Jersey. 
He then located in New York city, where 
he remained until 1846, but he did not like 
it there and besides his property was in 
the west, he having large landed interests in 



Chicago and in \'ermilion county. In 
1849 li^ made the overland trip to Califor- 
nia, where he engaged in selling goods, 
taking out a fine outfit. He would not enter 
into politics there and after selling out his 
store at Bidwell's Bar, California, he went 
down among the Yumas on a trading ex- 
pedition and his partners were killed. Al- 
though he escaped with his life he lost all 
his possessions and soon after he returned 
to Danville, where he spent his remaining 
da_\s, having a fine property here and large 
laniled interests in the state. 

Judge Pearson was a strong Democrat 
and G. C. Peai-son now has a cane whicl 
was cut at The Hermitage and given to his 
father by Andrew Jackson. He was noted 
for keeping the first carriage and horses 
here and his first wife and the children 
dro\e thus to Detroit in 1836, passing 
through Illinois, Indiana and Michigan. 
He was always an advocate of progress 
anil was quick to introduce anything which 
tended toward advancement along lines 
pro\ing of benefit to the community. He 
gave his attention to the supervision of his 
landed interests, and had extensive property 
holdings in this state. He at one time 
bought eighty acres of land south of Twelfth 
street in Chicago, of G. S. Hubbard, for 
seventeen dollars per acre, and forty acres 
on the west side, west of Halstead street, 
taking it in pa^t payment for property sold 
in Danville, but not considering it of any 
\alue he paid no attention to it and did 
not record the deed of sale. lie figured 
prominently in many events which had much 
to do with shaping the develo])ment of the 
state. His control of property interests not 
only led to business activity and to the re- 
clamation of wild land for purposes of civil- 
ization, but he was also an active factor 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



13 



in assisting many other measures for the 
general good. Churches received his gen- 
erous support, and he was a man of very 
charitable and benevolent spirit. One of his 
predominant traits was his loyalty to his 
friends. He held friendship inviolable and 
was ever ready to assist a friend in any way 
possible. This naturally increased the cir- 
cle of his own friends, and it is safe to say 
that no man in Danville was held in greater 
regard by a wide circle of acciuaintances 
than was Judge Pearson, the honorefl pio- 
neer, who passed away in June, 1875. 



GUSTAVUS C. PEARSON. 

Gustavus C. Pearson, a capitalist of 
Danville, became a resident of this city July 
4, 1832. Hardly another resident can 
claim personal recollection of the county at 
that remote period. Many events of , im- 
portance, however, have in the interval 
shaped the life history of Mr. Pearson, who 
was one of the argonauts who went to Cali- 
fornia in search of the "golden fleece" on 
the discovery of the precious metal on the 
Pacific slope; who was one of the early 
board of trade men of Chicago ; and was 
also largely engaged in promoting the trade 
interests of the Pacific coast. Prospering in 
his undertakings, he has largely placed his 
money in that safest of all investments — 
real estate — and is to-day accounted one of 
the capitalists of Danville, to which city he 
was brought in his boyhood when this was 
a frontier settlement. 

Mr. Pearson was born in Ravenna 
Ohio, July 17, 1827, a son of Judge John 
and Catherine (Tififany) Pearson. In 
childhood he came to Illinois and obtainedij 



attended Bishop Chase's Jubilee College 
near Peoria and Allegheny College at 
Mead\-ille, Pennsylvania, and took up the 
study of law under the direction of Josiah 
McRoberts in Danville in 1845-6. He af- 
terward went to Joliet and at the age of 
seventeen years had charge of the extensive 
business of Joel Matteson, with whom he 
remained until going to California. He left 
Joliet March 25, 1849, proceeded to St. 
Joseph, Missouri, and up 'the Platte river 
and thence across the country to Salt Lake, 
becoming well acquainted with the Mor- 
mons during his three months stay there, 
at which time he was engaged in hunting. 
He cut five and a half acres of wheat with 
a sickle, threshed it with a flail and cleaned 
it b}' means of the breeze from Salt Lake, 
which always blows in the afternoon. He 
sold his produce to a Mormon bishop, re- 
ceiving Mormon gold in exchange. With 
others he had been persuaded to stay until 
too late to go by the usual route — the Hum- 
boldt — to California, and then they were 
told to go by the southern route or else be- 
come Mormons, so the former alternative 
was accepted, the demand being made by 
Brigham Young in open meeting, it being 
his intention from the first to make them the 
explorers and openers of the southern route. 
Mr. Pearson gave up his wagon two hun- 
dred and fifty miles before reaching Cali- 
fornia. He had one of the finest outfits in 
his party but he turned it over to a starving 
family who were to deliver it to him in 
California. Ten of them then took their 
packs upon their backs and traveled night 
and day until they covered one hundred 
and thirteen miles, having no water during 
this time. The place has since been called 
Death's Valley. Two of the men went 
crazv from thirst. Thev had constantly to 



his early education in Joliet. He afterwardbe on the lookout and a new trail had to be 



14 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



made for there was none. Tliey I'lnally 
reached Mohave and from there broke their 
way through the snow and over the moun- 
tains, crossing at the foot of San Bernardi- 
no mountain. Continuing on for two and 
a half days without anytliing to eat they 
reached Cocomongo ranch. Jackson, a 
former hunter of the Rocky mountains, wiio 
was major-domo in charge there, recognizing 
their condition, put tliem into a cellar, lock- 
ing them in and then ga\e them weak wine 
and a little beef broth. This uudmihtedly 
saved their lives for had they been permitted 
to eat in their half-famished condition, they 
would undoubtedly have killed themselves 
by eating too much. However, Jackson 
gradually increased their rations uniil they 
could partake of a regular meal. A beef 
was driven into the court and killed for the 
Indian employes daily and after a few days 
Mr. Pearson and his comrades were al- 
lowed to cut off from this beef as much as 
they wanted to broil. 

brom the ranch tliev went to Los .\n- 
geles, a Si)anish hamlet, and on the first 
night there was a ball. A southern gambler 
who had been norlh was shot down by one 
of a party of gamblers, with whose girl he 
had danced, yet nothing was done to him, 
as such <iccurrences were too common to 
cause much attention. The next morning 
the party of gamblers, wanting aiuusement. 
put four negro American seamen in a corral 
enclosed by a seven foot wall and then shot 
at them \vitli rc\-olvers from the top of the 
wall. The negroes later escaped to San 
Pedro and went north on a \essel named 
Honolulu, a boat which ha<l been built for 
the king of Honolulu. .Mr. Pearson, Will- 
iam Richardson and fatlier, from Kentucky, 
were also passengers on that schooner, 
which landed them at San Francisco. Our 
subject possessed eighty dollars in Mt)rnion 



gold with which he tried to buy a pair of 
boots, but found their price was one hun- 
dretl dollars. He obtained a position in a 
wholesale store, receiving his board and one 
hundred dollars per month and after two 
weeks he met bis father and went with him 
to Marysviile. bVom there they went by 
wagon to Bidwcll's Bar, where the father 
had a store. One evening with the l)oys 
from the store, Mr. I'earson went to a gold 
bar and about twenty minutes later they had 
sex'cn dollars and a half in gold dust. They 
played poker for this, using beans as chips, 
and our subject winning, he invested it in 
things to eat for the party. 

After leaving the bar, Mr. Pearson 
erected a half dozen tent houses but lost on 
this venture. The town of Eliza, where 
thev were built, is now twenty feet under 
debris from ibu washings of the Nuba and 
many who now live in that locality never 
knew that a town existed there. fireat 
changes have taken place and a pear orchard 
now grows over the site of the old town. 
Mr. Pearson engaged in prospecting in Ne- 
vada City witli his brother, but not being 
satisfied he went to Poor Man"s creek, being 
one of the first to discover it. The first 
hour he picked up seventy-five dollars in 
gold nuggets on the slate bar. There were 
ten in bis p;u't\" an<l they took up part of 
the creek aucl dixided it into twenty-two 
claims and then turned the course of the 
creek. The mimliers of the claims were put 
into a hat. shook up and then drawn by the 
members of the party, each taking two, but 
out of the twenty-two claims only Xo. 3, 
the one Mr. Pearson drew, ])aid anything 
of value. He and his brother, however, 
realized well from this, taking out as high 
as five hundred and fifty dollars to the pan. 
He afterward bonght a claim on the South 
Yuba, but it was unjirofitablc, .and as winter 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



15 



came tm he went south to tlie dry diggings, 
wliile iiis brother returned liome. Mr. 
Pearson took a stock of goods do\\'n from 
Sacramento to Dry Creek, south of Ma- 
cosmes. Tliere he was taken ill with the 
mountain fever and was the only one of those 
who became sick with the fever to ra- 
ce )\'er. However, he lost everything he had 
but a mule and four hundred dollars in gold 
dust which he had under his blankets. He 
next went to Owsley's bar on the Yuba 
ri\'er and he and his father operated two 
or three quicksilver machines for fine gold, 
making fair wages. The father then went 
into the cattle business and the son then 
went to Rich bar, on the east fork of Feather 
river, spending the summer there. He next 
went to Downeyville, doing well on Durgans 
Flat, and in October he went up the moun- 
tain, passing "Three Fingered Jack," one 
of the Joaquin robbers. Mr. Pearson's 
party left the trail to eat and get water and 
losing their way they were off the trail for 
several miles and when they did reach it 
they found out that between the place they 
left and the place they returned to it, thir- 
teen men had been killed by the robbers that 
day. 

Mr. Pearson returned to Illinois, mak- 
ing the journey by boat in 1852. The fol- 
lowing year he was in Chicago or else 
traveling over the country. He then took 
some goods to California and there he se- 
cured some land and set out the first fruit 
trees on the red lands, southeast of Sacra- 
mento, where General Sutter said fruit 
could not be made to grow. In 1855 he 
engaged in mining on Sherlock's creek in 
the Mariposa grant. In August, 1855, he 
with a party of ten others discovered the 
Yosemite valley and with them laid claim 
to the valley. He afterward sold goods in 



the mountains and in the fall returned to 
Chicago. He had an oflice at No. 17Q 
South Water Street, and at the northwest 
corner of Clark and Water streets, then 
known as Rumsey's corner, a few of the 
men would gather to buy and sell, for there 
was no board of trade in the city then. Af- 
ter the railroads were built and grain was 
shipped to the city the board was organized 
and Mr. Pearson was one of the first mem- 
bers. He did a general commission busi- 
ness in Chicago until 1869, also erected 
buildings there and owned considerable real 
estate on Halstead street and in Hyde Park. 
He was a personal friend of Lyman J. Gage. 
His brother, George T. Pearson, was sec- 
retary of the Old Settlers Society of Chica- 
go, and at his death, our subject, who had 
the records of the society, donated them to 
the Historical Society. 

Going out of business in Chicago in 
1869 on account of bronchial trouble he .re- 
turned to California. Mr. Pearson took 
men with him and built the first grain ele- 
vator there, at Vallejo and helped form the 
board of trade of San Francisco, for grain 
dealing. With his partner, A. D. Starr, he 
also built a big mill at Vallejo with a capac- 
ity of two or three thousand barrels per 
day and this is still in use. After ten years 
of effort he got the warehouse law passed 
and it is now recognized as a most benefi- 
cial law for California. He drew up the 
bill, which was opposed by the Jewish mer- 
chants on account of the sack business which 
was controlled by them, but after a decade 
of unremitting efforts it became a law. 
Selling his mill Mr. Pearson traveled ex- 
tensively. He became convinced that vine- 
yards would pay in California and went 
abroad to study the question. He shipped 
much wine in this way and also shipped the 



i6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



first tliousand I)anels which was sent from 
Marysville across tlie continent. He has 
traveled l)roatlly, not only in this country 
but also in South America and in Europe. 
At length he disposed of his business inter- 
ests in California and partly for tlie purpose 
of educating his children returned to the 
east, locating in Danville about 1879. He 
has since been a resident of tliis city, and 
is now widely known as a capitalist. 

In September, 1864, Mr. Pearson mar- 
ried ]Miss Hattie Brown, a daughter of 
Judge Anthony Brown, of Ogdensburg, 
New York. Her father was a leading at- 
torney in that city and her brothers were 
prominent in railroad circles. Mr. and Mrs. 
Pearson have three children : John A., of 
Danville; Fannie, wife of James A. Meeks, 
of the firm of Kimbrough & JMeeks, attor- 
neys of Danville; and Nomen N.. now in 
the United States coast artillery, stationed 
at San Diego, California. J\Tr. Pearson is 
a member of Blaney Lodge, F. & A. M., of 
Chicago, and was formerly a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd b'ellows and 
he belongs to the Old Settlers Society of 
Chicago and of California. Few men have 
so wide and accurate knowledge of the de- 
velopment of the two states, California and 
Illinois, whose marvelous growth has been 
among the wonders of the century, but per- 
sonal experience has closely associated Mr. 
Pearson with this. 



TOHN \y. DALE. 



Few men have contributed in larger 
measure to the material upbuilding and sub- 
stantial im])rovement of Danville and this 
portion of Illinois than has John W. Dale, 



who through his real estate interests has not 
only promoted his own indixidual jirosper- 
ity but has also contributed to the general 
good, the progress and prosperity of the 
community in whose welfare he has mani- 
fested a loyal and public-spirited interest 
and his fellow townsmen respect him as a 
man worthy of the confidence and good will 
of those with whom he has been associated. 
Since i860 he has resided in \'ermilion 
county and is therefore among the early set- 
tlers. 

Mr. Dale was born in Clark county, 
Ohio, Januar\- 15, 184J. and is a son of John 
J. Dale, whose birth occurred in Maryland 
in i8o(). The paternal grandfather was Ja- 
cob Dale and the family is of Scotch lineage 
the first representative of the name in 
America having become pioneer settlers of 
Maryland. Jacob Dale died when his son 
was a small child and the latter afterward 
went to Philadelphia, where he learned the 
merchant tailoring business, following that 
pursuit for some years. He was wedded in 
South Charleston, Clark county, Ohio, to 
Elizabeth Davison, who was born in that 
county and was a daughter of Isaac Davi- 
son, one of the early settlers who removed 
from Virginia to Ohio. After arriving at 
years of maturity John J. Dale took up his 
abode at South Charleston and began busi- 
ness there as a merchant tailor, successfully 
conducting his establishment for a number 
of years. In 1856, however, be se\ered all 
business relations connecting him with Ohio 
and remn\cd to Warren cnunly, Indiana. 
Upon a farm there he made his home for a 
few years and in the spring of i860 came to 
\'ermilion county, Illinois, purchasing land 
in Ross township. The tract of which he 
became owner was liroad prairie but with 
characteristic energy he began its cultivation 







^L uJv-A^ 



'L 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



'9 



and improvement and soon transformed it 
into a good farm which he operated for a 
number of years. He afterward removed to 
Rossville where he hved in retirement from 
labor until his death, which occurred in 



187; 



He was elected and served in va- 



rious positions of honor and trust and was 
regarded as one of the leading and influ- 
ential men of his neighborhood. His wife 
survi\-ed him for a numljer of years and 
passed away in iSoq at the age of eighty- 
four years. In their family were four sons 
and five daughters, all of whom reached 
years of maturity with the exception of one 
daughter, and three sons and three daugh- 
ters are yet living; Sarah, the eldest, is the 
wife of Isaac Neer, of Clark county, Ohio ; 
Jacob is living in South Dakota : INIartha 
became the wife of William M. Ross and 
lived in Vermilion county for sometime but 
afterward removed to Indiana, where Mrs. 
Ross died ; Daniel was a memlier of Com- 
pany B, Twenty-fifth Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry, during the Civil war and was killed 
in the battle of Stone river; John W. is the 
ne.xt younger: Isaac is a minister and pre- 
siding elder in the Methodist Episcopal 
church and is now located at South Bend, 
Indiana: Margaret A. is the wife of Abra- 
ham Mann, of Ross t(iwnship : Mary died 
at the age of fourteen years : Hlmma re- 
sides with her sister, Mrs. Mann. 

John W. Dale of this review spent the 
first fourteen years of his life in the county 
of his nativity and then came with his pa- 
rents to Vermilion county. Illinois, where he 
assisted in the work of the home farm and 
in cultivating its fields until the spring of 
1861. He acquired a good education in the 
public schools and after the war he was a 
student in an academy at Thorntown. Indi- 
ana, under the direction of the famous his- 
torian, Ridpath. 



On the 1st of June, 1861, Mr. Dale join- 
ed Company B, Twenty-fifth Illinois Infan- 
try and was assigned to the army under the 
command of General Curtis. The first en- 
gagement in which he participated was at 
Pea Ridge, Arkansas. Later he was sent to 
Corinth, Mississippi, and soon afterward his 
regiment joined the Army of the Cumber- 
land and participated in the battles of Perry- 
ville. Stone River and Chickamauga. In the 
latter engagement he was wounded, losing 
his left arm. A gun-shot pierced that mem- 
ber and so injured it that it was necessary 
to amputate it in a hospital at Xashville, 
Tennessee. W'hen he had sufticienth' re- 
covered Mr. Dale returned home and later 
had to have a second operation on his arm, 
another portion of it being amputated. He 
W'as mustered out and received an honorable 
discharge in September, 1864. Before be- 
ing mustered out he was in se\'eral hospitals 
and he experienced all the hardships and 
rigors of war. 

Returning home Mr. Dale determined 
to further continue his education and spent 
about two full years in school. He was af- 
terward elected assessor and collector of- 
Ross township, serving for two or more 
terms. In the fall of 1869 he was elected 
county clerk and by re-election ser\-ed for 
three consecutive terms in that important 
office, discharging -his duties with ability and 
fidelity. He retired from the positon as he 
had entered it — with the confidence and 
good will of the public. He has since served 
as assistant su])ervisor and commissioner 
of highways, likewise as a member of the 
board of education. In politics he has ever 
been a stalwart Republican and he has fre- 
quently been a delegate to state conventions. 
In whatever position he has been found he 
has ever been a faithful and efficient officer. 
His first ballot was cast for Abraham Lin- 



20 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



coin in 1S64 and he has never yet waxered 
in his allegiance to the party. On the ex- 
piration of his service as county clerk he en- 
gaged for a time in the manufacture of bug- 
gies and has for stjme years operated in real 
estate, largely handling lands in Vermilion 
county, Illinois. In connection with Mr. 
Cunningham he purchased nine hundred 
acres of land adjoining Danville, laying out 
an additon known as \'ermilinn Heights, 
which is now a very atttracti\'e suburh of the 
city and includes many manufacturing in- 
terests there. 

On the 26111 of June. 1873. in this city, 
our subject was united in marriage to Miss 
Harriet I. Hicks, a native of Perrysville, In- 
diana, who was reared and educated there, 
her father. George I. Hicks, being one of the 
leading business men of that place, and one 
of the pioneer jjork packers of the Wabash 
Valley. I\lr. and Mrs. Dale are the ])arcnts 
of four children : Elizalieth, who is at 
home; Katie, who died in childhood; 
Georgia and Nellie, who are still under the 
parental roof. The parents Imld member- 
shi]) in tlie Methodist Ei)isco])al church at 
Danx'ille and fralernallv he is identified with 
Danville Lodge, T. O. O. P., in which he has 
filled all the offices and is a pa.st grand. He 
also belongs to the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks and to the. Grand .\rmy 
of the Repulilic, this last membership enab- 
ling him to maintain pleasant relations with 
his old ami}- comrades. During forty-two 
years Vermilion county lias been his home 
and iherefdre he has been a witness of its 
growth and ini])ro\-ement. He belongs to 
that class of progressive .American citi.''ens 
who while promoting indi\idu;d suc- 
cess also find time and ojiportunity to ad- 
vance the general welfare by hearty and ac- 
tive co-operation in all measures for the gen- 



eral good. He is to-day as true to his duties 
of citizenship as when he followed the starry 
lianner upon the southern battle-fields. 



MORTOX W. THOMPSOX. 

Since 1883 Morton W. Thompson has 
been a practitioner at the liar of \'ermilion 
county, where he has won distinction as a 
most able lawyer because of his learning, his 
carefid preparation of cases, his keen analy- 
tical mind and his strength in argument. He 
is now filling the position of circuit judge 
and upon the bench he has added new laurels 
t(i his already creditable life record. 

Mr. Thompson is one of \'ermilion 
county's native sons, his birth having oc- 
curred on the 23d of May, 1858. In the pa- 
ternal line he is of Irish and Scotch ancestry. 
His father, John R. Thompson, was a native 
of Greene county, Pennsylvania, and from 
there he removed to Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois, in the year 1853, driving across the 
country with a drove of three thousand 
sliec]!, which he pastured here that season 
and then drove to the Chicago market. The 
following year he returned to Pennsylvania, 
again secured a large flock of sheep and once 
more brought them to Vermilion county, 
where he fattened them for the city markets. 
He was pleased with this locality and its 
prospects and he resolved to make his home 
here, continuing a resident of Vermilion 
county throughout his remaining days. He 
was an extensive stock-raiser and farmer 
and prospered in his business undertakings. 
In Champaign, Illinois, in 1856, he was 
united in marriage to Elizabeth A. Wright, 
who was born in \^erniilion county and was 
of German lineage. Her birth occurred in 




JUDGE M. W. THOMPSON. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



21 



1S37 and her death in 1897, while the father 
of the Judge, who was born in 1832, passed 
away in 1896. They reared a family of 
seven children, namely : Morton W. ; David 
L. ; Anna, the wife of E. J. Boorde; Nellie; 
John R., v.-ho is proprietor of the Thompson 
restaurants of Chicago ; Ulysses S. ; and 
Gertrude, the wife of R. S. Swaine. 

At the usual age Judge Thompson en- 
tered the public schools and after mastering 
the common branches of English learning he 
further continued his studies in the Dan\ille 
high school, in which he was graduated 
with the class of 1879. He then returned to 
the home farm, where he remained for a 
period of two years. Subsequently he en- 
tered the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor, pursuing a law course there, and in 
1883 he was graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. Returning to his native 
county he established his office in Danville 
and acted as assistant states attorney under 
W. J. Calhoun. In 1889 the law firm of 
Calhoun ct Thompson was organized and 
this connection was maintained until 1896, 
when Mr. Calhoun went to Chicago as at- 
torney for the Chicago & Eastern Illinois 
Railroad Company. The following year he 
was elected judge of Vermilion county at a 
special election to fill out an unexpired term, 
and in November, 1898. he became the regu- 
lar nominee of the Republican party for re- 
election for a full term. Such is the per- 
sonal popularity and such is the confidence 
reposed in his judicial pow-ers by the public 
that the Democrats placed no opposing can- 
didate in the field. It was a merited tribute 
to his capable service during the period in 
which he was filling out the unexpired term. 
In September, 1902, Judge Thompson was 
appointed by Governor Yates to fill out the 
unexpired term of the late Judge Bookwalter, 
of the circuit court, and immediatelv entered 



upon the duties of that office. He has just 
been nominated for the full term as circuit 
judge of the fifth judicial circuit by an over- 
whelming majority, which is equivalent to 
his election next June. A local paper said of 
him : 

"'While in acti\e practice Judge Thomp- 
son was engaged in some of the most im- 
portant litigation in this county, and was 
always considered an honorable, honest and 
careful Ia\\}-er. In 1S97 'i^ '^^'^s elected 
county judge of this county to succeed Hon. 
John G. Thompson, who resigned to accept 
the office of assistant attorney general of the 
United States at Washington. During his 
term as county judge he was always court- 
eous and accommodating- and ready at all 
times to explain any business in his court to 
all who might inquire, as well as to advise 
those who sought information in reference 
to the business of the office — in fact, the 
affairs of the county court of this county 
were never conducted more ably and care- 
fully than by him, as thousands of people in 
this county will cheerfully testify. One of 
the highest recommendations of Judge 
Thompson's ability and honesty is the fact 
that not a dollar was ever lost to the widows 
and heirs of estates while he was county 
judge, and it was almost universally re- 
gretted by the bar and people generally 
when he announced a year ago that he would 
not accept a renomination to that office. 

"Judge Thompson was frequently called 
to other counties to try important cases. In 
Chicago he has tried some of the most im- 
portant cases in this state, notably the State 
street and Cottage Grove avenue special as- 
sesstuent cases, and the tax cases of Cook 
county tried by him under the new revenue 
law of 1898. involving millions of dollars. 
In the big tax cases all parties interested 
agreed upon Judge Thompson and requested 



22 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



him to come to Chicago and try that tlocket, 
and so ably did he succeed that tlie supreme 
court of this state affirmed his decision in 
every case. 

"Last September Governor "^'ates ap- 
pointed him to fill out the unexpired term of 
the late lamented Judge Bookwalter and he 
at once assumed the duties of circuit judge 
and held the October term of our circuit 
court, which has just closed. For the past 
three months Judge Thompson has held 
court every day, and succeeded in disposing 
of every case ready for trial, and his manner 
of holding court and promptness of dispos- 
ing of the business and his uniform courtesy 
and fairness has won the respect and con- 
fidence of the bar as well as the people of 
this county, and proved him to be one of the 
most popular and fair-minded judges in this 
part of the state." 

The Judge was united in marriage to 
Miss Alollie W. Steen, a daughter of Cap- 
tain E. D. Steen, of Danville, the wedding 
having been celebrated in 1887. Fraternally 
he is connected with the Knights of Pythias, 
with tlie Inilependent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, with the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and in the Masonic fraternity 
he is a Consistory Mason, having attained 
the thirty-second degree. In private life he 
is found as a genial, courteous gentleman, 
who has a very wide acquaintance in the 
county of his nativity and is not only es- 
teemed and honored but has that warm per- 
sonal friendship which arises from kindli- 
ness and deference for the opinions of otliers. 
The practice of law has been his real life 
work, and at the bar and on the bench he has 
won marked distinction. A man of unim- 
peachable character, of unusual intellectual 
endowments, with a thorough understanding 
of the law, patience, urbanity and industry, 



Judge Thompson took to the bench the very 
highest qualifications for this responsible 
office of the state government, and his rec- 
ord as a judge has been in harmony with 
his record as a man and a lawyer, distin- 
guished by unswerving integrity and a mas- 
terful grasp of every problem whicli has 
I^resented itself for solution. 



JOHN H. HERROX. 

The broad ])rairies of lllinuis lia\o fur- 
nished splendid opportunities to the agri- 
culturist and in connection with this busi- 
ness the grain trade has become a leading 
enter[)rise of Illinois. ^Ir. llerron is ex- 
tensively engaged in dealing in grain in 
Sidell and other towns of the state, 
his business having now reached large pro- 
portions and in the control of it lie has dis- 
played excellent capability and discriminat- 
ing judgment. 

A native of Illinois he was born in Mon- 
ticcllo. Piatt county, on the 5th of July, 
t868. His father, \\'illiani (i. Herron, was 
a native of Ohio, born in Madison county, 
near Lnndon, on the ('>th of .\pril. 1829. 
The grandfather, Gardner Herron, was a 
native of Maryland and served as a soldier 
of the war of 18 12. He wedded Maria Mo- 
raine, also a native of .Maryland, and, re- 
moving westward, became one of tlie pioneer 
settlers of Madison county. Ohio, where he 
was engaged in farming until his death, 
which occurred in 1855. William G. Her- 
ron s])ent his youth in Olu'o, being reared 
upon his father's farm in Madison county, 
where he remained until twenty years of age. 
He then came west to Illinois, but for some 
years was connected witli a stock trader in 
driving stock to this state and Ohio and 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



25 



Pennsylvania. In 1855 he married Eva- 
line Robinson, also a native of Ohio. They 
began their domestic life in Piatt county, Il- 
linois, where Mr. Herron carried on general 
farming and stock-raising for about five 
years. In i860 he took up his abode in 
Monticello, purchasing an interest in a mer- 
cantile business and was there engaged in 
trade for several years. In 1881 he came to 
Ailerton and in connection with Samuel Al- 
lerton was extensi\ely engaged in farming 
and in the grain and stock business, this re- 
lation being maintained for a long period. 
Mr. Herron is an earnest and stalwart sup- 
porter of the Republican party, acti\'e in the 
local ranks of the party. He was nominated 
for the position of representative in tlie state 
legislature and, being elected by a good ma- 
jority, served for one term in the house with 
considerable distinction. He and his wife 
are devoted Christian people, having long 
held membership in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and for eighteen years he served as 
superintendent of the Sunday-school of 
Monticello. He is a most effective and earn- 
est Sunday-school worker, his lal:)ors in this 
regard being far-reaching and important. 
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Herron were born nine 
children, to whom they gave good educa- 
tional privileges, fitting them for life's prac- 
tical duties. Having laid aside business 
cares, the father of our subject is now liv- 
ing a retired life in Sidell in company with 
his wife and they are numbered among the 
most highly esteemed residents of the com- 
munitv. 

John H. Herron of this review came to 
Vermilion county in 1881 with his parents. 
His early education was supplemented by a 
high school course and by two years of 
study in Columbia College of Washington, 
D. C. When he had completed his educa- 



tion he returned to Vermilion county and 
took charge of the elevator and grain busi- 
ness of Samuel W. Ailerton, at Ailerton, Il- 
linois. In 1890 Mr. Ailerton established a 
bank there and for six years our subject 
acted as its manager and cashier. In 1896 
he came to Sidell, where he became a part- 
ner in an extensive grain business, the com- 
pany controlling- the grain trade at nine sta- 
tions and owning and operating" five ele- 
vators. They ha\-e just completed a large 
transfer and grain dqiot at Mount Vernon, 
Illinois, with a capacity of two hundred 
thousand bushels. Mr. Herron has mani- 
fested marked determination, enterprise and 
capability in the control of the branch of the 
business at Sidell and other places and he 
has contributed in no small degree to the suc- 
cess of the company. A man of resource- 
ful business abilitv, his efforts have not 
been limited to one line. He is interested in 
whatever tends to promote public improve- 
ment and progress and advance the welfare 
of the people and Sidell has largely profited 
by his efforts in its behalf. He was one of 
the promoters of tlie electric light plant at 
this place, is one of its largest stockholders 
and is now the manager and secretary of the 
company. He is also the president of the 
Building & Loan Association. 

An important event in the life of Mr. 
Herron occurred in 1893, at which time was 
celebrated his marriage to Miss Florence, a 
daughter of John W. Cathcart, a promin- 
ent business man of Sidell, but after a happy 
married life of six years Mrs. Herron 
passed away in May, 1899, and was laid to 
rest in Woodlawn cemetery at Indianola. 
She left one son, Alexander C, who finds a 
home with his maternal grandparents. 

Aside from business affairs Mr. Herron 
has been a citizen of worth in Sidell and is 



26 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



widely recognized as one of the leaders of 
the Republican party, taking an active in- 
terest in local elections. In 1898 he was 
elected supervisor of Sidell township and has 
since I)een re-elected to the office, in which 
he is now serving. In 1902 he was chosen 
chairman of the county board of supervisors 
in which capacity he is also serving and he 
exercises his official prerogatives in support 
of all measures for the general good. In his 
life he exeniplilies the humanitarian spirit 
upon which the Masonic fraternity is found- 
ed. He belongs to the blue lodge at Sidell 
in which he has filled all of the offices and is 
now serving as master. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Modern Woodmen Camp and i>f 
the Elks Lodge at Danville. A life-long 
resident of Illinois he is deeply interested in 
progress and advancement of the state and 
he has seen much of the growth and develop- 
ment of Vermilion county, being identified 
for a number of years with its institutions, 
its prosperity and its people. He is well 
known thmughout this portion of the state 
as a man of business integrity, of broad and 
liberal views, charitable and public-spirited. 
His salient characteristics are such as 
command respect and confidence in every 
land and every clime and in \'ermilion 
county they have won him many warm 
friends. 



W. T. JOHNSTON. 

W. T. Johnston is a representative of 
tlie Johnston Company, photographers of 
Hoopeston. A young man, enterprising, 
■wide-awake and alert he is thoroughly con- 
versant with the business to which he de- 
votes his energies and has considerable ar- 
tistic talent which, combined with his com- 



prehensive understanding of the principles 
of photography and his capable business 
management, is bringing to him creditable 
and \\ell merited success. He was born in 
Lafayette, Indiana, on the 28th of Septem- 
ber, 1877, and is a son of J. W. Johnston, 
who now resides in Hoopeston and is a trav- 
eling salesman, representing the \V. D. Mes- 
singer Company, of Chicago. In his family 
were four children : \\'. T., of this review ; 
Anna; Thirza and Dell. In the year 1879 
the father removed with his family to Chi- 
cago, where he spent seven years and then 
came to Hoopeston, which i>Iace has since 
been bis home. 

W. T. Johnston of this review was a lad 
of about nine years when brought by his 
parents to Hoopeston, and in the public 
schools here he pursued his education. He 
took up the study of photography in the 
College of riiotography at Effingham, Illi- 
nois, where he remained for nine months 
and then went to Chicago, l^eing in the em- 
ploy of Gibson, a celebrated photographer 
of tliat city, for two months. He was next 
in the eriiploy of Parrett, the president of 
the Indiana State Photographers' Associa- 
tion. On leaving him he came to Hoopes- 
ton .and for six months was in the employ 
of Mr. Schwab, at the end of which time he 
fiurchased his gallcrv, ha\ing been here 
since the ist of May, i8yj. The business 
is now- carried on under the name of The 
John.ston Compan}-, with our subject as 
manager and practical operator. Their pat- 
ronage increased so rapidly that they needed 
more room and bought the E. S. Hall's 
Studio on South Market street, an estab- 
lislied biisiness of twenty-five years. The 
company is to-day the only photographic 
firm in \'ermilion county to own their 
building. >\fr. Johnston has alwavs been 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



27 



deeply interested in photographic work. 
Prior to the time that he embarked in the 
business as a Hfe work he was much inter- 
ested in amateur photography and manipu- 
lated a kodak, and he has to-day become a 
leader in his line in this part of Vermilion 
county, keeping in touch with the marked 
progress and ad\ancement which are being' 
made in the profession. He is thoroughly 
familiar with the latest improvements con- 
cerning the development, printing and fin- 
ishing of pictures, and added to this he has 
an artistic eye Avhich enables him to pose 
his subjects to the l^est advantage to secure 
life-like and natural results. He is a young 
man of unfailing courtesy, genial disposi- 
tion and pleasant manner, and he has won a 
host of friends througliout this locality. All 
who know him esteem him highly for his 
genuine worth and he is very popular in 
social circles. His ]xilitical support is gi\-en 
to the Republican party. 



NORBOURX NEVILLE. 

Norbonrn Xexille. who is engaged in 
the bakery and confectionery business in 
Fairmount, was born in Tippecanoe coun- 
ty. Indiana, September 17, 1847, and is a 
son of George N. and Mary S. (Throck- 
morton) Neville, who were natives of West 
Virginia, and on the paternal side the family 
is of Scotch descent. Unto the parents were 
born twelve children and those now living 
are : Mrs. Anna C. Taylor, of Fairmount ; 
Norbourn ; Mrs. ^Nlary E. Collins, of Catlin ; 
S. v., of Fairmount: Mrs. Ada Calfee, of 
California; and ]\Irs. N. Owen, of Fort 
Smith, Arkansas. Of those who passed 
away Delia died in infancy. George W., 
who enlisted in Company D, Twenty-fifth 



Illinois Volunteer Infantry, was in the serv- 
ice for three years and was wounded in the 
battle of Kenesaw Mountain, his death re- 
sulting from his injuries. Lucy also died 
in infancy. It was in the year 1854 that the 
father of this family came to Vermilion 
county accompanied by his wife and chil- 
dre!i. Upon arriving here he purchased the 
north half of section 10, Vance township, 
and cast in his lot with the pioneer settlers 
finding that everything around was new and 
wild, the land unbroken and the grass so 
high that when a boy our subject climbed 
upon a cabin in order to see where the cat- 
tle wer'e. The father first purchased an old 
log schoolhouse that stood on the Sandusky 
place, and lived in it for a year, after which 
he built a more substantial house, con- 
structing it from lumber hauled from Cov- 
ington, Indiana. Mr. Neville of this review 
has witnessed the development of the county 
from a wild condition when there was not 
a fence for miles upon the prairie, to its 
present state of progress and improvement. 
The father continued his farm work devot- 
ing to the cultivation of the fields his time 
and attention also engaging in the raising 
of stock, until about 1885, when he retired 
to Fairmount and put aside business cares. 
Fiis wife passed away .\ugust, 1889, and he 
died about sixteen months later, on the 8th 
oi January, 1801, at the age of se^•enty- 
one, his birtli having. occurred on the 2d of 
February, 1820. 

The ancestiy of Mr. Neville is traced 
back to the land of the thistle, his paternal 
grandparents emigrating from Scotland to 
Virginia in time for his great-grandfather, 
Joseph Neville, to take part in the Revolu- 
tionary war as a brigadier general. Un- 
like many of those who crossed the Atlan- 
tic at that time, he came fortified with am- 
ple means, which he invested largely in 



2S 



\ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



lands, comprising a valuable plantation, 
worked by slaves whom he liberated at the 
time of his death. Among the sons of Gen- 
eral Neville was George, the grandfatV.er of 
our subject, who was the youngest of a fam- 
ily of twelve children. He studied law at 
Winchester,' Virginia, under Ahram Lock, 
was admitted to the bar and tried one case, 
but then ga\e up the law for medicine, 
which he followed throughout life. He 
married Elizabeth Wolfe, of Winchester, 
Virginia, who was a daughter of Lewis and 
Catherine Wolfe, natives of Germany. 
George N. Neville, father of our subject, 
was one of seven children born to Dr. 
George and Catherine Neville. 

Norbourn Neville was the fourth child in 
his father's family and was reared and edu- 
cated in Vermilion county, working on the 
farm during the summer nn^ulhs while in 
the winter seasons he attended school. He 
remained at home until he was seventeen 
years of age and then offered his services to 
the government, enlisting in Company K, 
One Hundred and Thirty-third Illinois In- 
fantry, in 1864, under Colonel Phillips and 
Captain Somers. He served for five months, 
having been mustered in for one hundred 
days, and was then honorably discharged. 
After leaving home Mr. Neville rented a 
farm for a few years and then purchased a 
small tract of land, devoting his energies 
to general farming and stock-raising. 
Throughout his entire life he has been iden- 
tified with agricultural pursuits and he now 
owns one hundred acres in Vance township 
well improved and tilled, and supplied with 
good buildings. In 1901 he embarked in the 
bakery and confectionery business at Fair- 
moimt and having the onh^ exclusive bak- 
ery in the town he is enjdying an e.xtensive 
trade. 



In .September, 1870, Mr. Neville was 
united in marriage in this county to Miss 
Elizabeth J. Price, a daughter of John and 
Mary E. (Perritt) Price, who were pioneers 
of X'ermilion county. Mrs. Neville was 
horn in Fayette county, Ohio, October 31, 
1850, and was the eldest child of her par- 
ents. She has no children of her own but 
has reared an adopted son, William F. Nev- 
ille, who is a graduate of the Fairmount 
school and also completed a business course 
in (juincy, Illinois. He now assists his fa- 
ther in the store. He was married Janu- 
ary 25. 1902, to Miss Edna Cox, who was 
bom September 12, 1883, a daughter of J. 
A. Cox. They have one daughter, Eliza- 
beth Neville, a bright little girl born June 
30. iqo2. Mr. Neville of this review is a 
Republican in his political affiliations, be- 
]ie\'ing firmly in the principles of the par- 
ty. \\ hich he endorses by his ballot. He has 
never been an office seeker, however, pre- 
ferring to give his time and attention to his 
business affairs in which he has met with 
signal success. 



DR. WALTER DWIGGINS. 

Dr. Walter Dwiggins, who is now so 
successfully engaged in the practice of os- 
teopathy in Danville, was born in Waytown, 
Indiana, July 17, 1874, his parents being 
John C. and Susannah (Fonts) Dwiggins, 
a sketch of whom appears on another page 
of this volume. They were married in In- 
diana, where the father was engaged in busi- 
ness as a stock dealer until failing health 
caused his retirement and he removed to 
Vermilion county, Illinois, in 1889. In 
March, 1901, he came to Danville, where he 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



29 



now makes his home, enjoying a well earned 
rest, free from the cares and responsibilities 
of business life. In his political affiliations 
he is a Republican. He is the father of four 
sons but one died in infanc}'. The others 
are Howard, a resident of Danville and the 
secretary of the shoe factory at Gibson City, 
Illinois; Charles, a grain dealer of New- 
port, Indiana; and Walter. 

The Doctor acquired his early education 
in the public schools of Craw fords ville, In- 
diana, and later attended the public schools 
of Selma, Kansas, and Rossville, Illinois, 
graduating at the high school in the latter 
place in 1893. Later he matriculated at the 
American School of Osteopathy, where he 
was graduated in 1900. He first opened an 
office at Terre Haute, Indiana, but at the 
end of two months he came to Danville 
and has since engaged in practice at this 
place with most gratifying success, having 
a nice olTice in the Temple block. He thor- 
oughly understands his chosen profession 
and although his residence here has been of 
short duration he has already secured a lib- 
eral patronage which is constantly increas- 
ing. Fraternally he is an honored member 
of Lodge, No. 527, F. & A. M., and Ver- 
milion Lodge, No. 432, K. P., both of Ross- 
ville, and politically he is identified with the 
Republican party. 



WALLACE SPERRY. 

Among the native sons of Vermilion 
county still living Avithin its borders, is 
Wallace Sperry, the popular and efficient 
postmaster of Muncie. He was bnrn Oc- 
tober 23. 1 841, and is a son of Erastus and 



Ruth (Reese) Sperry, the former a native 
of Ohio and the latter of Indiana. Their 
marriage, however, was celebrated in Ver- 
milion county, Illinois. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject was Wallace Sperry, 
who came to this count}' in the early '30s 
and cast in his lot with the pioneer settlers. 
He took a very active part in the work of 
early development and improvement. Both 
he and his son Erastus were farmers by 
occupation and were Whigs in political 
faith. They were also members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and were ac- 
counted representative men of this locality. 
The father of our subject died in 1852, and 
the mother, still surviving, makes her home 
in Potomac, Illinois. In their family were 
three children, the eldest being Wallace 
Sperry of this sketch. Arminda is the wife 
of John W. Goodwine of Potomac; and 
Amanda is the wife of Samuel B. Demude, 
also of Potomac. 

Wallace Sperry pursued his education 
in the district schools at Higginsville, Ver- 
milion county, and at the age of fifteen put 
aside his text books, after which his time 
and energies were devoted to farm work, 
in the employ of others until he had at- 
tained his majority. He then began farm- 
ing on his own account, leasing his mother's 
land. He was married on the 26th of Sep- 
tember, 1872, in Blount township to Miss 
]\Iary Bloomfield, whose birth occurred in 
this county on the ist of January, 1854. 
The lady is a daughter of Reuben Bloom- 
field, who here engaged in farming and who 
exercised his right of franchise in support 
of the men and measures of the Republican 
party. Lie died in 1873, while his wife 
passed away in 1890. In their family were 
four children : William, who is now de- 



30 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



ceased, wliile his widuw resides in Mis- 
souri ; Cindrella, the deceased wife of J. 
C. Tevebaugh, a resident of Danville; 
Mary, the wife of our subject; and Samuel, 
who has also passed away. Tlie home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Sperry was blessed with four 
children, but they lost the first three. 
Charles, their first born, having died at the 
age of eight years, while the next two died 
in infancy. Minnie, the surviving child, i^ 
now the wife of Orrie Dalbey, of Muncie, 
and they now have one child, a daughter, 
one and one-half years old. 

Mr. Sperry carried on farming opera- 
tions until 1882, when he abandoned the 
plow and turned his attention to merchan- 
dising in Higginsville, remaining there for 
one year. He then went to Blue Grass, 
Vermiliiin county, where he conducted a 
similar business for three years and on the 
expiration of that period he arrived in Mun- 
cie, where he opened a general store that 
he has since conducted, a growing trade 
prming the confidence reposed in him by 
the ptiblic. In 1897 he was appointed post- 
master and holds that position at the pres- 
ent time. In politics he is a Republican and 
at one time was town clerk. Here he be- 
longs to the Christian church and in all 
life's relations is found true to duty and 
loyal to trust and confidence reposed in him. 



J. S. McFERREN. 

I^rominent among the energetic, far- 
seeing and successful business men of east- 
ern Illiudis is the subject of this sketch. His 
life history most happily illustrates what 
may be attained by faithful and continued 
efifort in carrying out an honest purpose. 



Integrity, activity and energy have been the 
crowning points of his success and his con- 
nection with various enterprises and indus- 
tries have been a decided advantage to this 
section of Illinois, promoting its material 
welfare in no uncertain maimer. But not 
only has Hoopeston profited by his labors 
and his ability : many districts of the south 
have received an impetus to growth and com- 
mercial development through his efforts and 
his life-work has had a wide scope and been 
far-reaching in its infiuence. 

Mr. McFerren was born in \\' arren coun- 
ty, Ohio, in 1846, a son of William M. and 
Eliza (Sn}-der) ^IcFerren. The father, a 
native of South Carolina, died in 1894, but 
the mother, whose birth occurred in Ohio, is 
now living in Hoopeston. In their family 
were two daughters : Alvira B., the wife of 
Ed Griftith, cashier of the First Natidnal 
Bank; and Mrs. Mary Hewey of Hoopeston; 
while the brother of our stibject is Pingree 
IMcFerren. 

\Mien a young man of twenty-five years 
J. S. }iIcFerren sought a more western dis- 
trict than that in which he had been reared, 
as a field of business activity, realizing that 
the new but rapidly developing sections of 
the country offered the best opportunities to 
the ambitious young man. .Accordingly he 
came to Hoopeston in 1871 and from that 
date to the present the town has been largely 
indebted to him for its promotion. Not only 
in Ijusiness matters, Init as its chief executive 
and as a private citizen has he labored for 
her welfare, interested in all that has pro- 
moted advancement along material, social, 
intellectual and moral lines. At the same 
time he has controlled business affairs of 
magnitude. He first became associated with 
T. \V. Chamberlin in 1882 in fdunding a 
pri\'ale bank in Hoopestdti and later, pur- 





^^^^-^^»-^ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



35 



chasing his partner's interest, he has since 
been its president and owner and has made 
the institutions one of the most rehable fin- 
ancial concerns in this part of the state. It 
would be impossible to give in detail the his- 
tory of his achievements but mention of 
some of his business interests will serve to 
show the scope of his undertakings and to 
indicate the ability which has enabled him to 
successfully handle S(3 many and so varied 
interests. He to-day individually owns 
thirty-four hundred acres of land near 
Hoopeston. He became a member of the 
real estate firm of Moore, ^IcFerren & Sea- 
vey, whose real estate operations through the 
year following March, 1874, amounted to 
three hundred and thirty thousand dollars. 
Mr. Seavey having witlulrawn from the part- 
nership the firm of Moore & ]McFerren still 
exists and has large landed interests in the 
south, scattered in the states of Mississippi, 
Arkansas and Tennessee. These comprise 
twenty-seven thousand acres and represent 
six hundred thousand dollars of invested 
capital, for the firm has largely improved 
their lands, have established industries there- 
on and have secured transportation facilities 
through the binlding of railroads. Their 
landed possessions in Arkansas comprise 
thirty thousand acres and they are now con- 
structing twenty miles of railroad from Lux- 
ora, Arkansas, to Big Lake, called the Mis- 
sissippi, Big Lake & Western Railroad. 
This will furnish an outlet for their lumber 
and will also be a part of tlie trunk line form 
Joplin, Missouri, to the Mississippi river. 
Their sawmill at Luxora has a capacity of 
thirty thousand feet of lumber daily and in 
connection with Mr. Moore our subject also 
owns a sawmill at Pitman's Island and an- 
other at Woodstock, ^Mississippi, each hav- 
ing a capacity of twenty-five thousand feet 
per day, while three other sawmills which 



they own turn out twenty thousand feet of 
lumber each per day. Their most extensive 
lumber industry, however, is located at 
Memphis, Tennessee, where they have a dou- 
ble-band sawmill, with a capacity of fifty 
thousand feet per day, and the plant was 
erected at a cost of seventy-five thousand 
dollars. They also have a. large box fac- 
tory at ^Memphis. ]\Ir. ^McFerren was 
one of the founders of the Union Tin 
Can Company and since it has been 
merged in the American Tin Can Com- 
pany he is still a stockholder. In con- 
nection with A. H. Trego he owns and oper- 
ates the Hoopeston Canning Factory, which 
is engaged in the canning of corn exclusively. 
His- property values in Hoopeston real estate 
amount to two hundred thousand dollars 
and include the bank block, office buildings, 
the opera house block, store buildings and 
other structures. 

Mr. McFerren was Hoopeston's first 
mayor nor was that his only term in the 
office, for several times has he been chosen to 
the position. During his first incumbency 
he drove the saloons out of the village and 
there has never been a saloon since the town 
was incorporated. He is now the chief ex- 
ecutive of Hoopeston, honored and honor- 
able, putting forth strong effort for the good 
of the community and its substantial im- 
provement. Much of the street paving has 
been done while he has been in office and 
many improvements have been made during' 
his administrations. Chiuxhes and benevo- 
lent enterprises have received his support 
and his aid is witheld from no enterprise for 
the general good. 

Mr. McFerren has been twice married. 
He first wedded Miss Lida A. Shultz, who 
died in 1894 leaving two sons. \\^illiam and 
Donald. In 1807 Mr. McFerren Lottie L. 
Shultz, a sister of his first wife. His present 



34 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



liome, erected in 1S85, has been improved 
until it is now a handsome property wortli 
twenty-five thousand dollars. 

Mr. McFerren gave evidence of his love 
for Hoopeston by his generous gift to the 
city of a fine park. For this purpose he pur- 
chased the old fair grounds of thirty acres, 
at a cost of six thousand dollars, and tender- 
ing this to the city, it has since been main- 
tained as a park. Mr. McFerren has also 
made liberal donations to the public library 
and to other concerns of public benefit and 
pride. His name is synonymous with im- 
provement and progress in Hoopeston and is 
so interwoven with the history of the city 
that it forms a most important chapter in the 
annals of Hoopeston. He stands as the 
highest type of American citizenship, capable 
and discriminating in business, patriotic and 
loyal in citizenship and with conscientious 
regard for the rights and privileges of his 
fellowmen. Socially he is deservedly popu- 
lar, as he is affable and courteous in manner 
and possesses the quality of making friends 
readily and of strenghtening the ties of all 
friendships as time advances. 



JOHN R. SMITH. 

The life history of John R. Smith is one 
which shows a career of enterprise and busi- 
ness activity crowned with deserved rest. 
He is now living retired in Rossville after 
years of close application to agricultural in- 
terests. He is a native son of Vermilion 
countv, his birth having occurred March i, 
1836. where Fithian station now stands. 
He is a son of William \V. Smith, a native 
of Clark county, Ohio, born alxjut 1800. 
His paternal grandfather was one of the 
first settlers of that county and there W. \\'. 
Smith was reared and after arriving at 



years of maturity married Catherine Yazel, 
also a native of Clark county. They began 
their domestic life upon a farm and a daugh- 
ter was born unto them ere their removal to 
Illinois in the year 1830. Emigrating west- 
ward they settled in \ennilion county, Mr. 
Sirith entering and purchasing land until he 
became the owner of one thousand acres in 
the western part of this county. Much of 
this he broke and improved, opening up a 
good farm, upon which he spent his re- 
maining days, his death occurring in 1S51. 
His first wife died in 1845 and he after- 
ward married again. 

John R. Smith was the fourth in order 
of birth in a family of four sons and a 
daughter and all reached mature years with 
tlie exception of the youngest son, although 
John R. and his brother \\'illiam are the 
only ones now living. After the death of 
his father our subject resided with his broth- 
er-in-law. Thomas Armstrong, who lived 
near Rossville. There he remained for fixe 
years, assisting in the farm work. He had 
fair common-school advantages, supple- 
mental b}' a term of study in the Danville 
hi.gh school and one term in Knox College. 
When he had reached man's estate he joined 
a brother at (irand View and acted as a clerk 
for him for two years in a general store. 
\\'hile there he returned to Rossville and 
was married here on the 3d of IMarch, 1839, 
to Josephine R. Stewart, who was born in 
Dan\'ille and was reare<l upon the farm 
xxliere her marriage was celebrated. Her 
father. James R. Stewart, was a pioneer set- 
tler of Dainille, representing one of the pio- 
neer families that came from Connecticut 
to A'ermilion county. He opened up a farm 
which is now within the corporation limits 
of R(ws\-ille and became an inlluential and 
representative agriculturist of the comnui- 
nity. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



35 



After his marriage Mr. Smith engaged 
in conducting a hotel in Rossville for three 
years, after A\'hicli he spent a similar period 
•in agricultural pursuits. He then returned 
to the town and established a grocery store, 
•which he conducted for twenty-three years. 
During three }'ears of that time he was also 
engaged in buying and shipping stock and 
both branches of the business proved profit- 
able. He had a well selected line of gro- 
ceries always on hand and his straightfor- 
ward business dealing, his earnest desire to 
please his patrons and his enterprise brought 
to him well merited success. In course of 
time he had accumulated a handsome com- 
petence which now enables him to live re- 
tired. He built a large, neat residence on 
a part of the old Stewart farm and with his 
family has occupied this for a quarter of a 
century. 

In January, 1885, Mr. Smith was called 
upon to mourn the death of his wife. 
There were four sons and a daughter by this 
union: Ellen Minerva, the wife of George 
S. Smith, who is living retired in Rossville 
and by whom she has one son, Jean, who 
was born in 1889; Alfred F., a farmer of 
Los A.ngeles, California; Herbert Y., who 
became his father's successor in the gro- 
cery store in Rossville and is married and 
has a daughter, Helen; Jesse R., who occu- 
pies a position in Rossville; and Dick, of 
this city. In Potomac, Vermilion county, 
on the 26th of June, 1889, Mr. Smith was 
united in marriage to Mrs. Sarah J. Par- 
low, a widow. She was born in this state 
and is a daughter of James Duncan, who 
came from Kentucky to Vermilion county at 
an early day. 

Mr. Smith is unwavering in his allegi- 
ance to the Republican party, which he has 
supported since he cast his first presiden- 
tia.1 vote for Abraham Lincoln in i860. The 



honors and emoluments of otifice have had 
no attraction for him as he has preferred to 
give his time and attention to his business 
affairs. He has served, however, as con- 
stable and deputy sheriff and is now filling 
the office of assistant supervisor. His en- 
tire life has been passed in Vermilion coun- 
ty and he has witnessed the wonderful 
growth and development of this portion of 
the state. He has seen great flocks of wild 
geese and other wild game and also herds 
of deer in this locality. Much of the land 
was sn'ampy and unfit for cultivation, but 
it has been drained and placed under a high 
state of impro\'ement. Roads have also been 
laid out, homes built and farms developed 
and thus the work of progress has been 
steadily carried forward both in the city 
and in the country until now one of the rich- 
est sections of Illinois is that comprised 
within the limits of Vermilion county. ^Ir. 
Smith takes a just pride in what has been 
accomplished and in his community has ever 
borne his part in the work of advancement. 



JOHN W. FISHER. 

John W. Fisher has lived a life in har- 
mony with the laws of nature. It certainly 
seems that man was intended to enjoy a sea- 
son of rest after years of active labor. In 
youth one is possessed of great energy, 
bright hopes and strong determination and 
in more mature years these are guided by 
judgment and experience. Through this 
period of early and more mature manhood 
there is ample opportunity, if one rightly 
directs his energies, to gain a competence 
for the evening of life and while Mr. 
Fisher is still in the prime of life he has so 
guided his efforts that he is now enabled to 



36 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



live retired in tlie enjoyment of the fruits of 
his former toil. Having always made his 
home in Vermilion county where he has 
gained a wide acquaintance, his life record 
cannot fail to prove of interest to many of 
our readers. He was born January 25, 
1840, in Carroll township, on the old Fisher 
homestead which he now numbers among 
his possessions. His father, David Fisher, 
was one of the pioneers of this county who 
located here ^^■hen the prairies were largely 
uncultivated and when there was stilTmuch 
^vild game; wolves and other wild animals 
were also frequently seen and the conditions 
were those of a frontier settlement. 

David Fisher was born in Brown coun- 
ty, Ohio, in 1809, and his parents, William 
and Cynthia (Watt) Fisher, were natives of 
Pennsylvania, the former of German pa- 
rentage and the latter of Irish lineage. They 
removed from the Keystone state to Ohio 
at an early day and afterward located in 
Rockville, Indiana, where they were pioneer 
settlers. There they live<l luitil called to the 
home beyond. \\'hen a young man David 
Fisher accompanied his parents to Park 
county, Indiana, remaining at home with 
them tlu'ough the period of his minority 
In 1832 he came to Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois, where he secured a tract of land 
from the government and engaged in farm- 
ing. Ha\ing thus made preparations for a 
home of his own he was married in 1833 to 
Miss Jane Weaver, a daughter of ^licliael 
\A'eaver. Thmughout his entire life he de 
voted his energies to agricultural pursuits. 
The first home to which he took his liride 
was a log cabin with a puncheon floor, a 
mud chimney and ;i Inige fireplace, l)ut as 
the years passed his labors enabled him to 
surround his family with the comforts and 
conveniences of modern life ami he became 



well-to-do. L'nto Mr. and Mrs. I'isher 
were born five children : Michael, who is 
engaged in the hardware business in Indian- 
ola and is mentioned elsewhere in this vol- 
ume; John \\"., who is living retired in In- 
dianola; ]\Iary Jane, the deceased wife of 
Alonzo Hill; George W., a resident of Ne- 
braska; and Lucinda, the wife of L. C. 
Green, of Sheridan, Wyoming. The pa- 
rents were members of of the Baptist 
church and in politics Air. Fisher was a 
Democrat, but never sought or desired of- 
fice. He died upon the old home farm in 
Carroll township, lacking but one day of 
reaching his seventy-second year. His life 
was pas.se(l in the quiet pursuits of the farm, 
and all who knew him respected him for his 
genuine worth while his enterprise and un- 
tiring labor brought to him creditable and 
gratifying success. 

John W. Fisher was educated in the 
primiti\-e schools of his day. pursuing his 
studies in a log building which stood on the 
banks of the Swanks creek. His first teach- 
er was ;i man who liberally used the rod in 
maintaining discipline, but was also a 
capable instructor. Mr. h'isher had the 
privilege of attending for only about three 
months each year and during the remainder 
of the time he was busily engaged in farm 
work. However, he thus pursued his 
studies at inter\-als until about seventeen 
or eighteen years of age. Life has, how- 
ever liecn to him a school in which he has 
learned many valuable lessons, his reading 
and ex])erience largely liroadening his 
knowledge. 

On the 1 2th of September, 1861, at the 
age of twenty years, John W. Fisher was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary L. Dye, a 
native of Kentucky and a daughter of Law- 
rence and Mary Ann (Van Tries) Dye. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



37 



. The father was a native of Bourbon county. 
Kentucky, where the family was estabhshed 
at an early clay. He was married there and 
all of his children were born in that locality 
with the exception of one. In 1841 he came 
with his family in a covered wagon to Ver- 
milion county, settling in Georgetown, 
which was then a small village. He farmed 
in Ehvood township and lived to be seventy- 
one years of age. while his wife reached the 
age of- about sixty years. Of their eight 
children five are now living, namely : Mar- 
tha, the wife of John Jones, who resides 
near Georgetown ; Elizabeth, the wife of 
Da\id Sconce, of Indiana ; Angeline, the 
wife of David McDonald, w^ho resides near 
Catlin, Illinois; Mrs. Fisher; and Blanche 
the wife of Joel Cooper, of Oakland, thi^ 
state. Those who have passed away are 
Hiram, Mrs. Phoebe Jones and John. 

In 1859 Mr. Fisher went to Kansas an 
engaged in farming near Emporia, but tir- 
ing of that country he returned and rented 
a farm of his father, also purchasing forty 
acres of land from him. At the time of his 
marriage he removed into a little log house 
that James Branham had built on a forty- 
acre tract. It was a two roomed cabin, 
unsealed, and it remained their home for a 
cou])le of years, when Mr. Fisher purchased 
another house and moved it to his place. 
As time passed and his financial resources 
increased he added to his farm until he now 
has twelve hundred acres in Vermilion 
county and also owns three hundred and 
sixty acres near Monroe City, Missouri, for 
"which he paid nineteen thousand eight hun- 
dred dollars. When upon the farm he de- 
voted the greater part of his attention to 
stock raising, making a specialty of beef 
cattle which he sold at good prices in tiie city 
markets. There has been nothins' sensa- 



tional in his career. He worked along le- 
gitimate business lines, earning his compe- 
tency through persistent purpose and marked 
energy. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Fisher was 
blessed with eight children. Charles, who 
resides in Iowa and owns farms in both 
Carroll and Greene counties, married Jennie 
Myers, by whom he has se\'en children : 
John Austin, Nellie, Leiia, Charles, Everett, 
Maude and Dean. Edward, who is still liv- 
ing in Indianola and is a farmer of Carroll 
township wedded Ida Maddox and has two 
daughters, Eva Dell and Gertrude Gail. 
Armada is the wife of Douglas Miller, a 
farmer of Carroll township and has three 
chiklren : Winona, Delmar and Everett. 
Jose])hine is the wife of Frank Carter, of In- 
dianola and has two daughters, Helen and 
Mabel. Jacob G., a graduate of the Rush 
Medical College of Chicago and now a 
practicing physician of Catlin, Illinois, mar- 
ried Jessie Matkins. The three children of 
the Fisher family who have passed away 
are Everett, Olive and Mattie, all of whom 
died in childhood. Mr. and Mrs. Fisher are 
consistent members of the Presbyterian 
church and people of the highest respecta- 
bility. In politics he is independent, voting 
for the candidates whom he regards as best 
qualified for office without giving attention 
to party lines. Upon his home he erected a 
large fine residence and his place is one of 
the best improved in eastern Illinois, in fact 
it is a splendid property. The large and 
commodious buildings are surrounded by 
well tilled fields and rich pastures in which 
are seen fine grades of stock. In 1897, 
however, Mr. Fisher purchased town prop- 
erty and removed to Indianola, where he 
is now living in retirement from further 
business cares. The countv as he \iews it 



38 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



to-day linle resembles the district in which 
he was reared, for turkeys, prairie chickens 
and otlier wild game were abundant and 
deer were still seen, wolves were often 
killed by the settlers and all this indicated 
the unsettled condition of the countr)', but 
as time passed the land was reclaimed for 
the use of the white race and in this great 
country there is no richer farming district 
than that of eastern Illinois. 'Sir. Insher 
may take pride in the fact that he has been 
identified with its development and he cer- 
tainly deserves great credit for what he has 
accomplished in the business world. 



THOMAS FRANCIS CHRISTMAN. 

Thomas Francis Christman, cashier of 
the Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of 
Danville, was born June 7, 1858, in Warren 
county, Indiana. He is a son of Isaac and 
Elizabeth (Gundy) Christman. natives of 
Ohio, and on the maternal side the ancestry 
can be traced back to Jacob Gundy, the great 
grandfather, who was a soldier of the Revo- 
lutionary war. Emigrating westward, he 
became a resident of Vermilion county at 
an early date, settling upon the north fork 
near the old town of Myersville. The grand- 
father, Joseph Gundy, was a charter member 
of the ^lasonic Order of Danville. By oc- 
cupation he was a farmer and stockraiser, 
being connected with agricultural pursuits 
in this county at a very early day. The 
father of otir subject was taken by his par- 
ents to western Indiana when four years of 
age and was reared in \'crmilif>n county. 
He, too, became a farmer by occupation and 
established his home in Ross township, 
where he carried on farming for three years. 



He then returned to Indiana, where he re- 
mained for several years and then again came 
to Vermilion county, Illinois, where he re- 
suined farming. He is now living a re- 
tired life, making his home in Rossville ai 
the age of eighty years, his birth having oc- 
curred in January, 1823. His wife, who 
was born in the same year, passed away in 
1882. They were the parents of nine chil- 
dren, of whom Thomas F. is the seventh 
in order of birth. 

In the district schools of Indiana and 
\'ermillion county Thomas I'rancis Christ- 
man pursued his education, continuing his 
studies until nineteen years of age. Througli- 
out the greater part of his business career 
he has followed farming, sa\-e for a brief 
inter\-al of a year or two that he was en- 
gaged in clerking. When he first came tc 
Vermilion county he purchased land in part- 
nership with his brother, and together they 
owned about two sections, but eventuallv ^Ir. 
Christman of this review sold to his brother. 
He then became cashier of the Commercial 
Trust & Savings Bank, which is capitalized 
for one hundred thousand dollars. He is 
now a leading, reliable and respected repre- 
sentative of the banking interests of this 
part of the state, thoroughly undersands 
banking business and methods in every de- 
tail, and has contributed in no small degree 
to the successful control of the institution 
with which he is connected. 

In 1900 Mr. Christman was united in 
marriage to Miss Anna Broody, of Will- 
iamsport, Indiana, and they have many warm 
friends in Danville, whore their own home 
is justly noted for its hospitality and socia- 
bility. I\Irs. Christman is a daughter of 
Thomas Broody, in whose family were six 
children. Mr. Christman is a member of 
the Masonic Lodge of Rossville and in poli- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



41 



tics he is a stalwart Republican. He needs 
no special introduction to the readers of this 
volume, because almost his entire life has 
been passed in this locality and his history 
is largely familiar to those who know him. 
Without ostentation or undue display of his 
good qualities he has commanded the re- 
spect and confidence of his fellow men by 
reason of his sterling worth and is to-da} 
a leading and honored representative of busi- 
ness interests of Danville. 



JOSEPH CUNNINGHAM. 

Joseph Cunningham made his advent 
into Vermilion county in a "prairie schoon- 
er." People of the present century can 
scarcely realize the struggles and dangers 
which attended the early settlers, the hero- 
ism and self sacrifice of lives passed upon the 
borders of civilization, the hardships en- 
dured, the difficulties overcome. These tales 
of the early days read almost like a romance 
to those who have known only the modern 
prosperity and conveniences. To the pioneer 
of the early days, far remo\-ed from the 
privileges and conveniences of city and 
town, the struggle for existence was a stern 
and hard one, and these men and women 
must have possessed indomitable energies 
and sterling worth of character, as well as 
marked physical courage, when they thus 
voluntarily selected such a life and success- 
fully fought its battles under such circum- 
stances as prevailed in the Mississippi valley 
at the time the Cunningham family was 
here established. Few indeed are the resi- 
dents of Vermilion county who can relate 
tales of the pioneer days in which thev were 
participants, but this Mr. Cunningham can 



do and his reminisences are very interesting. 
He was born in Cynthiatown, Harrison 
county, Kentucky, February 27, 1828, a son 
of William and Mary (Humes) Cunning- 
ham. The father was born in Pennsylvanir 
about 1778 and died in \'ermilion county, 
May II, 1852, while his wife, a native of the 
Keystone state, has also passed away. They 
were married in Pennsyl\-ania and after Ii\- 
ing for a time in Kentucky they came to 
Vermilion county, Illinois, in 1829, when 
our subject was a year and a half old. They 
settled on the prairie in Newell township at 
what was known as the Cunningham grove. 
There were no railroads and the family trav- 
eled in a prairie schooner, tlrawn by oxen, 
much time being consumed in making the 
trip. In the family were twelve children, 
Christine, eldest, was married and had three 
children — Squire, Alfred and Margaret, 
who became the wife of Joe Osborne. John, 
the second of the family, married Nancy 
Lindse>% and their children were : William 
David, deceased ; Mary Jane, wife of David 
Clapp; John L., who married Hannah 
Swisher, wdio after his death became Mrs. 
Hannah Justus and is now a widow ; George 
Washington, who lost his right arm while 
fighting for the Union ; Emily, wife of I\Iike 
Fury; and Sarah, who married Philo Knapp. 
After the death of his first wife John Cun- 
ningham married Elizabeth French and they 
had four children : Thomas, who married 
Maria Lane; Samantha, wife of Jefif Al- 
lison ; Humphrey, who married Josephine 
Campbell ; and Perry, who married Lou 
Duncan. James Cunningham, the third 
member of the family of ^Villiam and Mary 
Cunningham, wedded ]\Iary Ann Andrews 
and their children were : Hannah C, wife 
of John Allison; A. F., who married Polly 
Ann Lockhart ; William O., whose first wife 



42 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



was Mattie Cliancller and his present wife 
Etta Clem; and James A., who married 
Anna Whoops. Xancy Cunningliam. tiie 
fourth cliild. Ijecame the wife of W'ilhan- 
Barger and liad two cliildren. John and 
AVilliam. Isaac was the next of the family. 
Washington, the sixth, was drowned in 
North l'"ork. Thomas married Jane Ann 
Starr and iiad one child, Mary, wife of Xoah 
Young. William liecame a cripple at the 
age of fifteen. Malinda, the ninth, married 
W. R. Chandler and had five children : 
Mary, who became the wife of Lew Young, 
while her present liusband is Andy Claypool : 
Emma, wife of K. Hoo\'er, of Dakota; Rose, 
wife of Howard Hicks; Josephus Chand- 
ler, deceased: and Ella, deceased, wife of 
Howard Hicks, who since her death has 
married her sister Rose. Joseph Cunning- 
ham, whose name heads this sketch, was the 
tenth in tlic father's family. After the ar- 
rival of the family in this county two more 
chilflren were born. Humes married Eliza- 
beth Winning rmd has a son, William, who 
wedded Ora .\lbright and has three chil- 
dren — Thomas. Oren and Willard. Jarrett. 
the youngest of the family, died in the army 
at Nasln-ille. Tennessee. 

Joseph Cunningham is the only sm^vivor 
of his father's family. He shared with the 
others in the hardships as well ;is the pleas- 
tires of ])ioncer life. He was educated in 
a subscription school, his first teacher being 
James Da\-is. who taught in a log school- 
house furnished with slab benches. Mr. Cun- 
ningham first plowed with two horses hitched 
to a plow with a wooden mold board. The 
second plow was a single-shovel affair and 
he cut grain with a sickle. The first trad- 
ing point of the family after their arrival 
here was Chicago, wdiere groceries were 
given in exchange for the farm products 



and Mr. Cunningham frequently drove 
oxen to tiiat village. The old homestead 
was on section 1 1 . Newell township. He 
has worked in the snow up to his boot 
lops, making fences out of rails cut in the 
timber. The country was filled with ])rairie 
wohes and there were also many black tim- 
ber wolves and wild games of all kinds, 
including deer. It was necessary to pen 
up the domestic animals at night for their 
protection. It is impossible for the citi- 
zen of Vermilion county to-day to realize 
what were the bardshi])s and trials endured, 
in those early times, when this district was 
cut ofi^ from the comforts of the older east 
and when the settlers had to depend upon 
what they could raise on the farms for near- 
ly ex'erything which they enjoyed. Our sul)- 
ject began farming on his own account in 
1S49 and for forty-seven years \v;is irlenti- 
fied with agricultural pursuits and stock 
raising in this locality. He has shipped 
many car loads of cattle to the Chicago 
market and sold hundred of car loads of 
grain. On the 15th of October. . 1863, he 
suffered loss by fire, which destroyed his 
frame house, but with characteristic energy' 
he began to build a larger and better home, 
erecting a two-story brick residence twen- 
tv-six by thirty-six feet, which was ready 
for occupancy on the i^tli of December 
and still stands rm the home farm. In 
1878 he built a barn, thirty-six by forty 
feet, and erected other substantial and com- 
modious buildings, making' bis a model 
farm. The corn crop usually yields about 
fiftv Inisbels to the acre and oats thirty- 
eight liushels. 

Joseph Cunningham was united in lu.ar- 
riage to Mary A. Swisher, wdio died .\pril 
5. 1902. after a long and happy married 
life. In their familv were nine children : 





<uL^<LC/:i^Ciy 




^f^^t^t^ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



45 



Mary E. died when about twelve years of 
age. Cleantha became the wife of Zack 
Starr, and died leaving three children, Effa, 
Irvin and Arthur. INIalinda is deceased. 
John I. married Ella Bentley and they have 
three children : Forrest, Harry and Stirling. 
Nora is the wife of Erson French : Will- 
iam L. has also passed away. Edward mar- 
ried Anna Clem. Ida M. is the wife of 
C B. Jackson and they have one child. 
Helen L. and Joseph S.. who married 
Grace Leonard, is a practicing physiciar 
of Danville. They have a son, bom No- 
vember 7, 1902. ]\Irs. Cunningham, the 
mother, was born in Veimiilion county. 
March 28, 1832, and on the 5th of April, 
1849, gave her hand in marriage to our 
subject. She was the eldest in a family 
of eight children born unto Louis and Eliz- 
abeth (Starr) Swisher, who came to \^er- 
milion county in company with the Cun- 
ningham and Chandler families. 

In public affairs Joseph Cunningham 
has been very prominent and influential. He 
has served in every township office with 
the exception of that of justice of the peace 
and supervisor and his labors to promote 
the public welfare have been far-reaching 
and beneficial. He helped to build the 
Walnut Corners church and has done much 
to promote the moral welfare of the com- 
munity. The first services of the Christian 
church in this county were held in his 
father's log cabin. Mr. and Mrs. Cun- 
ningham became consistent members of that 
church, to which their children also belong. 
All the children are still living in Newell 
township with the exception of Ida. For 
a number of years ]\Ir. Cunningham served 
either as a deacon or elder of his church 
and was also one of its trustees. In 1896 
he retired to private life, putting aside all 



business cares, and is now li\ing with his 
son. Dr. Cunningham, in Walnut street of 
Danville. He is still the o\Mier of two hun- 
dred and forty acres of hte best improved 
farm land in the county and likewise has 
town property, which is the visible evidence 
of his life of industry and toil. He stands 
to-day as one of the most honored pioneer 
settlers of the county, ha\'ing witnessed al- 
most its entire growth and development and 
is classed among those who have laid broad 
and deep the foundation for the present 
progress and prosperity of this portion of 
the state for he has heen found as the advo- 
cate of all measures for improvement and 
for the deA-elopment of the community and 
his influence has ever been on the side of the 

right. 

-♦-•-• 

J. A. CUNNINGHAM. 

Varied and important are the business 
interests which have claimed the attention 
of J. A. Cunningham, of Hoopeston. He 
is one of Vermilion county's native sons and 
one whose career reflects credit and honor 
upon the place of his nativity. His birth 
occurred in the year 1843 ''^"''^ ^'s parents, 
James and Mary A. (Andrews) Cunning- 
ham, were natives of Kentucky and New 
York, respectively. The father was a farmer 
by occupation, carrying on that pursuit until 
sixty years of age, when he put aside busi- 
ness cares and lived retired, passing away at 
his home in Stateline, Indiana, at the age of 
ninety-one years. He had survived his wife, 
who also died at Stateline in 1885. 

His parents having become residents of 
\^ermilion countv at an earlv dav, J. A. 
Cunningham was here reared and in the 
schools of his native countv and of State- 



46 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



line, Indiana, lie pursued liis education, re- 
ceiving instructions fmni I'rotessor Mar- 
shall in the latter place. In his youth he 
assisted in the operation of the home farm 
and early became familiar with the best 
methods of cultivating; the fields. In the 
summer of 1864, when twenty-one years of 
age, he offered his services to the country 
as a defender of the I'nion, enlisting in the 
One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Illinois In- 
fantrv under Captain Stewart, but he was 
rejected on account of physical disability. Be- 
ing unable to become a soldier he therefore 
undertook the task of winning success in 
the business world and entered the grocery 
trade at Stateline, Indiana, conducting his 
enterprise with good success until 1866, 
when he took up his abode near Hoopeston. 
Here he began dealing in stock. He pur- 
chased two hundred and forty acres of land 
at twenty dollars per acre. As time passed 
and his financial resources increased he has 
made very judicious investments in real es- 
tate, continually adding to his land until 
he now owns thirty-six hundred acres. About 
sixteen hundred acres of this lies in Indiana 
but the greater part is Illinois property. In 
1894 Mr. Cunningham became interested in 
the banking business, being connected with 
the Bank of Hoopeston conducted under 
the firm name of Hamilton & Cunningham, 
and of this institution he is now the presi- 
dent. He is also one of the stockholders of 
the Commercial Trust & Savings Bank re- 
cently organized in Danville. A man of 
resourceful business ability, he has extended 
his eft'orts into other fields of activity and 
to-day he has a half interest in the Illinois 
Can Factory, with which he has been asso- 
ciated for about sixteen years. For several 
years he looked after its farming interests 
and the raising of corn, also the work of 



delivering this product to the factory. He 
was one of the organizers of the Illinois Can 
Ci^mpany, which in 1900 was merged into 
the American Can Company, in which he 
still retains stock. He was formerly owner 
of the Cunningham Hotel and is one of the 
six men who own and conduct the Hoope- 
ston horse nail factory. His sound business 
judgment and keen discernment have been 
important factors in many interests which 
have proven of value to the public by pro- 
moting commercial activity and at the same 
time have returned to the stockholders a 
good profit on their investment. 

In 1865 Mr. Cunningham was united in 
marriage to Miss Mary R. Scott, the wed- 
ding being celebrated in the house which 
stood upon the prairie and which vet stand; 
to-day as one of the landmarks of that early 
time. Tlie lady was reared by Thomas 
Hoopes, a wealthy pioneer of Vermilion 
county, and was liberally remembered in his 
will. Five children have been born of this 
iniion : h'rank 11., wlm married Dora Dove 
and carries on agricultural pursuits; .\nna 
S., the wife of D. B. M. Brown; Bert M., 
who wedded Nettie Bond and is an agricul- 
turist; Harry R., who married Allic Fades 
and is living in Chicago ; and Walter, who 
died at the age of six years. Since the spring 
of 1894 Mr. Cunningham and his family 
have resided in 1 luMpestun. They now have 
a beautiful home on I'cnn street — the old 
Hoopes residence. 

Politically Mr. Cunningham is a stalwart 
Republican and for several years he efticient- 
ly served as a member of the board of super- 
visors. He was also a member of the State 
Board of Agriculture for fi\e years aufl for 
a quarter of a century he was the president 
of the County Fair Association which he 
aided in organizing, becoming one of its 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



47 



stockholders. He is one of the men of 
means and enterprise who have made Hoope- 
ston an enterprising and progresive western 
city. He has been very Hberal to all measures 
for the general good, contributing freely of 
his time and means for the promo- 
tion of objects of general interest 
and impr(j\-ement. Socially he is con- 
nected with the Masonic fraternity, 
belonging to the blue lodge, chapter, com- 
mandery and council, and (^f the last named 
he is a charter member. The career of Mr. 
Cunningham has ever been such as to war- 
rant the trust and confidence of the business 
world, for he has ever contlncted all tran 
sactions according to the strictest principles 
of honor and integrity. His devotion to the 
public good is unquestioned and arises from 
a sincere interest in the welfare of his fellow 
men. What the world needs is such men^ 
men capable of managing extensive business 
concerns and conducting business on terms 
that are fair alike to employer and employe 
— men of genuine worth, of unc[uestioned 
integrity and honor, and then the questior 
of oppression by capitalists and resistance 
and violence by laborers will be forever al 

rest. 

* » » 

ALMOND N*ORTON LE NEVE. 

Almond N. Le Neve comes of a family 
which has ever been loyal to America, her 
institutions and her welfare. He was born 
in Newell township, east of the J. D. Camp- 
bell farm, March 9, 1837, and is a son of 
John and Rebecca (Newell) Le Neve. The 
Newells were the earliest settlers of the 
township and it was named in honor of the 
family. The Le Neve's were natives of 
Kentuckv. The father of Almond N. emi- 



grated to Vermilion county in 1823, when 
the country was wild and unimproved and 
Indians were numerous. The paternal and 
maternal grandfathers of our subject were 
soldiers in the Revolutionai-y war and 
fought valiantly in the cause of independ- 
ence. The maternal grandfather enlisted 
in Halifax, Halifax county, Virginia, and 
went through the entire war without receiv- 
ing a wound. As he signed his name on the 
muster roll he made this remark : ■ "Be- 
cause of the kind treatment of the colonies 
I will give my life and if necessary cement 
it with my blood." The paternal grand- 
father enlisted under General La Favette 
and gave up his life on the altar of his 
country, being killed in the battle in which 
La Fayette was wounded. When La Fay- 
ette returned to America, the women met 
him spreading shawls for his feet to tread, 
in honor of his charity and devotedness to 
the men in the field, for he spent a princely 
fortune upon the colonies, giving of his 
means to feed and clothe his men. Joln- 
Le Neve, the father of Almond N., was born 
in Tenneessee, in 1S03, and died in 1882, 
while his wife was born in Kentucky, in 
1805, and died in 1882, three months after 
the death of her husband. \Vhen he came 
with his parents to Illinois John Le Neve 
settled in Lawrence county on Ellison prai- 
rie, west of Vincennes, Indiana, and re- 
mained there with his parents until 1823. 
when he came on to Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois. Here he married Rebecca Newell, 
reared their family and spent the re- 
mainder of their days. John Le Neve 
had a brother, Obatlia, who was 
born in 1799, and died in 1884. He 
was a man of charity and public spirit, and 
was kind to the widow and orphan. When 
he butchered he would kill enough stock 



48 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



so as to give to those who were unal^le tn 
purchase meat, and was always ready tc 
help any one in distress that would apply 
to him. He was widely known throughout 
the country and loved hy ever)- one. No 
one went unclothed or hungry from his door 
and he was ever trying to uplift mankind 
One Saturday he visited the home of our 
subject and entered into a religious con- 
versation. Previous to this he had never 
made any religious profession, although hi^^ 
views were .liberal and his life was in ac- 
cord with the teachings of Christianity. In 
this conversation he spoke of the life to 
come and was content concerning the same. 
He was called away the following ?kIonday 
night, departing tliis life at the home of 
Mr. Le Neve. 

John Le Neve and his wife were the 
parents of the following children : Samuel 
P. married Adeline Wilson and lives three 
miles north of Danville; Isabel Martin is 
deceased; William married Emma Smith 
who died in Champaign county. Illim^is. 
Thev had two children. Samuel Perry and 
Marshall Ney. William married again, his 
second union being with Minerva Mills. By 
this marriage seven children were born : San- 
ford, now a school teacher; Emma, de- 
ceased; Lillv, Thomas. Samuel, and Laura 
and Nellie, twins, all at home. The father 
of this family, William Le Neve, died I\Tarch 
i6. 1902. leaving to his family an untarn- 
ished name and the heritage of a life well 
spent. His death occurred at his home in 
Indiana., where he had removed about 181 ,'8 
or 1899. John Le Neve is now deceased 
Seraphine is the wife of John S. Webber. 
a retired farmer of Paxton. Illinois, and 
their children are: Perry, deceased: Al- 
mond Flavins, who married Hattie Harnett ■ 
John L.. Charley and Lincoln. Julia, the 



sixth member of the Wcbljer famih'. is the 
wife of Henry Corbley, of Champaign coun- 
ty, Illinois. Nettie L. is now Mrs. Ewell. 
and has one son. Ross is the wife of Stan- 
ley Sutton, an attorney, of Indiana. They 
ha\e one son. The sixth member of the 
family of John Le Neve is the subject of 
this review. The seventh, Mrs. Mary Leon 
ard, is deceased, leaving two children, Perry 
and Belle. John Wilson died in September, 
1886. Thomas, the youngest child, died in 
infancy. John Le Neve came in a prairit 
schooner with his parents from Tennessee. 
He began his active business career with a 
capital of one hundred and thirty dollars 
and fifty cents. He entered eightv acres of 
timber and wild prairie land, paying there- 
for one dollar and a quarter per acre. This 
took one hundred dollars of his capital, and 
when he liegan housekeeping he had just 
thirteen dollars and fifty cents left. He 
made rails to pay for a cow and he drove 
pins in a log and laid a board across as a 
place to put their dishes. They ate their meals 
from a puncheon tal)le, in the old log house 
where the subject of this review was born. 
During his life-time he was an enterprising 
farmer, and also a great stock man, raising 
and selling a good grade of stock. 

.\lmond N. Le Neve was reared upon 
his father's farm and attended the district 
school during the winter season, while in 
the summer he assisted his father upon the 
farm. He supplemented his early educa- 
tion with one year in the Danville high 
school and after he left home he taught a 
term in Champaign county, Illinois. He 
then engaged in general farming and stock 
raising, always raising his own cattle and 
horses. He remembers the introduction of 
the crane, in 1850, and when the first cook- 
ing stove was brought into the neighbor- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



49 



hood. He relates how they used to build 
fires before matches came iuto use, with 
flint and knife, and how the pioneers used 
to bake "Johnny Cake." He remembers 
the first two augers which came into use in 
the neighborhood, the first known as a sev- 
en-quarter auger and the other as a one- 
quarter inch auger. Augers were so scarce 
then that they were obliged to carefully put 
away any boards which they might find with 
a hole in, for use in emergency. Part of the 
neighborhood could not farm until the hick- 
ory bark would peel, from which they made 
tugs, hames and shoe strings. On his own 
home farm they used to shuck corn in an old 
Virginia box. They had to make boxes so 
the ears would not roil out and had to re- 
pair the boxes each load. Their first plow 
was a wooden mold board, the next a single 
shovel. They cut grain with a reap hook 
and when the cradle came into use they 
considered it a great improvement. He re- 
members the first two carriages in that lo- 
cality. Peter Starr owned one of these and 
Joe Cunningham's father the other. The 
people would gaze at these carriages in as- 
tonishment, regarding tiiem as being i'won- 
derfully and fearfully made." In these 
primitive times grease lamps and dip can- 
dles were in use. When later kerosene came 
into use it was regarded as being very dan- 
gerous. ]Many a time has Mr. Le Neve 
pursued his studies by the light of a fire. 
He also broke prairie in Champaign county, 
using plows that would cut from twenty- 
four to twenty-six inches. He and his 
brother William "batched" in that county ■ 
during one summer in company witli their 
father. 

Almond N. Le Neve started on his busi- 
ness career in his twentieth year and re- 
mained in Champaign county, Illinois, until 



after his marriage. The lady of his choice 
was Nancy J. Ford, who was born in Shelby 
county, Indiana, a daughter of William and 
Sarah (Louden) Ford, both of whom were 
natives of Kentuck}'. Unto Mr. and INIrs. 
Le Neve were born eight children. Louis 
died in infancy. Jerome, of Danville, mar- 
ried Grace Marple, and they have two chil- 
dren, Russell and Marguerite. Emma 
Belle, a bright little girl, died at the age of 
seven years. Fannie is now Mrs. Charles 
Young, of Newell township, and has four 
children, Don, Ross, Mary and Flarriet 
Ruth. Hattie is the fifth member of Mr. 
Le Neve's family. Roy married Grace CofY- 
man March 26, 1902. They have one child, 
Paul Reagan. She was born March 5. 1877, 
and is a daughter of Rev. William and Mary 
(Betzer) CofYman, of Indiana. Jerry as- 
sists his father on the home farm. Jennie 
May, the youngest of the family, died in 
infancy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Le Neve are members of 
State Line City Methodsit Episcopal church, 
in which Mr. Le Neve was class leader for 
several years, also acting as Sunaay-school 
superintendent. The home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Le Neve is permeated by Christianity, the 
entire family being active and earnest work- 
ers in the church. The children have all 
been reared under the influence of the good 
mother and father, and Miss Hattie has 
been identified with evangelical work for 
abotit six years. While in New York she 
spoke at A. B. Simpson's church and later 
went to Asbury Park, New Jersey. She is 
fitting herself as a missionary and expects 
to go to foreign lands to labor in the cause 
of Christianity. In September, 1895, Sister 
Mershon, an evangelist, held several meet- 
ings, ditring which Mr. Le Neve and hi-^ 
family were converted and sanctified. .At 



so 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



the close Miss Hattie Le Neve felt the call- 
ing of the Master to take up his work ant'. 
ga\e expression to her feelings by singing 
with Sister Mershon. She has continued 
in this work since and is well fitted for it. 
having taken training at Nyack, Xew York, 
a missionary training institute. Roy Le 
Neve and his wile are also preparing for the 
same kind of work. Mrs. Grace Le Neve 
is a musician of remarkable talent, being 
able to sing and play any piece of sacred 
music, although she has never taken lessons 
along that line. The Le Neve family have 
a happy home and on the walls are inscribed 
many lines from the scripture. They have 
meetings held at their home twice a week. 
On the death of William Le Neve, the 
brother of Almond N.. Miss Hattie Le Neve 
preached the funeral sermon. She had been 
previously requested to do this by William 
Le Neve. The service was very touching 
and was the means of bringing many to 
Christ. The Le Neve family is noted for its 
members being of such an upright and hon 
orable class. The children of Mrs. John S. 
Webber, the sister of Almond N., all mar 
tied into highly educated and cultured fam- 
ilies. 

Mr. Le Neve of this review has helped 
to establish the schools and nearly every 
church of this locality, and while living in 
Champaign county he also took an interest 
in public affairs. With his brother Will- 
iam he removed to Champaign county, Illi- 
nois, in 1858. In the panic of 1873-4 ho 
lost heavily, but he did not become discour- 
aged. He began life anew and by good man- 
agement he again acquired a competence. 
He has always lived a Christian life and he 
feels that by reason of this he has prospered. 
He at one time owned one hundred and 
nineity acres of well improved land. Of 



this he sold ninety acres or divided it among 
his children. He now has one hundred acres 
of the very best farm land, on section 24, 
Newell township. On this place he has lived 
fur fifteen years. His son Roy was in the 
First Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery, 
Battery A, under Major Williston, Captain 
Yeager and General Brook. The regiment 
was sent to Porto Rico, but never was in 
battle, although some of the infantry and 
cavalry were called into light skirmishes. 
Mr. Le Neve of this review has seen the 
city of Danville develop from a hamlet to 
a thriving and flourishing city, and has been 
identified with the interests of Vermilion, 
his native county, all his life. He began 
life with no capital and through right prin- 
ciples of honesty and integrity he has pros- 
perd and stands to-day among the highly 
respected and substantial citizens of Newell 
township. In politics he is a Prohibitionist 
and gives his best efforts to the support of 
that party. Always public-spirited, he has 
served as commissioner of highways and 
school director for many years in Vermilion 
and Champaign counties, and he served as 
superintendent of two different schools dur- 
ing one summer. All movements for the 
genral welfare have his hearty support and 
co-operation and no one is more highly re- 
garded in Vermilion county than Almond 
N. Le Neve. 



A. H. TREGO: 



In whatever relation of life Mr. Trego 
has been found he has l)een respected for his 
sterling worth, his fidelity to principle and 
to duty and his enterprising and progressive 
si)irit. He was born in Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, on the i6th of June. 1838. He 




-^//^ 



A— < — -^ », 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



53 



;s a son of Curtis D. and Mary G. (Gilbert) 
Trego, both of whom were natives of the 
Keystone state and were members of the So- 
ciety of Friends, in which faith our subject 
was reared. The father was a farmer by 
occupation and during the greater part of 
his life carried on agricultural pursuits. In 
1856 he went to Galesburg in order to pro- 
vide his children with better educational ad- 
vantages and was there engaged in conduct- 
ing a grocery store. At the time of the Civil 
war he was engaged in purchasing horses 
for the post at Gallatin, Tennessee. He re- 
sided in Orion, Henry county, Illinois, for 
several years after the close of the war and 
the last ten years of his life were spent in 
Cass county, Iowa, where both he and his 
wife died. This worthy couple were the 
parents of nine children : Elizabeth, now 
deceased; A. H., of this review; Jacob R., 
who is living in Cass county, Iowa ; Helen 
R., the wife of Joseph Engle, of that county ; 
Letitia, the wife of A. Clark, of Earlham. 
Iowa; Lavinia, the wife of D. D. Hall, of 
Norfolk, Nebraska; Fred, of Cass county, 
Iowa; Frank, who died in Galesburg, Illi- 
nois ; and Emma, who died in Henry county, 
Illinois. 

In the common schools A. H. Trego be- 
gan his education which was completed by 
graduation in Lombard College, of Gales- 
burg, Illinois. He completed the collegiate 
course in the month of June, 1862, and in 
July of the same year he enlisted in the 
LTnion army as a member of Company C, One 
Hundred and Second Illinois Infantry, un- 
der Captain Frank Shedd and Colonel Mc- 
Murtry. He served for three years and was 
on the staff of General E. A. Paine, holding 
the rank of first lieutenant for a vear. As 
Captain Shaw was on detached duty, our 
subject took command of the company in the 



Atlanta campaign, serving thus from Chat- 
tanooga until they reached Atlanta, as a 
member of Sherman's forces. He acted as 
aide de camp on the staff of General Harri- 
son, who commanded the First Brigade and 
Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps, 
from Atlanta to Savannah during Sherman's 
march to the sea and continued as acting as- 
sistant adjutant general on the staff of Col- 
onel Case, of the One Hundred and Fifth 
Illinois Infantry from Savannah to Golds- 
boro. After Harrison's return to his com- 
mand J\Ir. Trego still acted as assistant ad- 
jutant general until after the troops reached 
Washington. He was mustered out in June, 
1865, returning to his home with a record 
for gallant and meritorious military service. 
He was slightly wounded in the hand and 
again in the shoulder, but otherwise escaped 
luiinjured. 

Returning to Galesburg, Mr. Trego re- 
mained for a short time at that place and 
then went to Rock Island, Illinois, where 
he was engaged in the grocery business \\'ith 
his father for a year. He next occupied a 
position as bookkeeper in a commission 
house in Chicago and in 1867 he embarked 
in the produce commission business on South 
Water street of that city. There he carried 
on operations until 1871, when his business 
was destroyed in the great fire which swept 
o\-er the city, the insurance company paying 
him only ten cents on the dollar. After this 
disaster he did not have money enough to 
buy himself an overcoat. With strong pur- 
pose and unconquerable determination, how- 
ever, he began work in a lumberyard as a 
sorter. There he remained until the spring fol- 
lowing, when he became shipping clerk, act- 
ing in that capacity until 1876, when he re- 
moved to Hoopeston and established a retail 
lumber business, which he conducted with 



54 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



success until 1888. when he sold out. Since 
that time he has been connected with agri- 
cultural pursuits and with the canning busi- 
ness. He was one of the three organizers 
of the Hoopeston Canning Company, which 
was capitalized for fifty thousand dollars. 
In this enterprise he was associated with 
J. S. McFerren and A. T. Catherwood, the 
latter now deceased. This business is still 
conductetl by Mr. Trego anel Mr. McFerren 
and since 1890 our subject has had the man- 
agement of the plant. He was one of the 
eight organizers of the Union Can Compan) 
in 1894, which in 1900 was merged into 
the American Can Company of which he 
is a stockholder. He acted as president of 
the Unif)n Can Company until the last year 
of its existence. He is a director of the 
First National Bank and is the president of 
the Hoopeston Horse-Nail Company. He 
owns valuable land in Benton county, In- 
diana, to the extent of four hundred and sixty 
acres and is equal owner with Mr. McFerre 
in fourteen hundred acres of valuable land 
in Grant township, this county. He also has 
real estate in Chicago, including some resi- 
dences on Indiana a\enue. with considerable 
realty in Hoopeston, including three or four 
hundred lots. His own attractive residence 
here, built in 1881. is situated at the corner 
of Fourth and Washington streets. He is 
the president of the Illinois-Cuban Land 
Company, owning tw^enty thousand acres of 
land in Cuba near the city of Santiago. 

In Chicago, in October, 1868, ]Mr. Trego 
was united in marriage to Miss Frances C. 
Reed, a native of Fulton coimty, Illinois 
In the family were eight children, five sons 
and three daughters, of whom four sons are 
yet living: Charles H., who is associated 
with his father in farming interests ; Edward 
F., who is bookkeeper for the canning com- 



pany-; and Walter and Gilbert C, who are 
in school. The mother died .Vjjril 28, 1897, 
and on the 8th of November, 1900, Mr 
Trego was married to Miss Florence Honey- 
well, a daughter of Alba Honeywell, who is 
represented elsewhere in this work. 

For thirty-four years Mr. Trego has 
been a member of the L'niversalist church 
and superintendent of the Sunday-school. 
He is also chairman of the board of trus- 
tees of the church and is dee])ly interested 
in e\-erything pertaining to the upbuilding 
of the cause and to the extension of its in- 
fluence. He is trustee of Lombard College, 
of Galesburg, Illinois, and for the past seve: 
years he has ser\ed as president of the 
Hoopeston Public Library with the excep- 
tion of two years when absent from the city. 
He is also secretary of the board of trustees 
of Greer College. In politics he is a stal- 
wart Republican and for a number of years 
he served as an alderman of Hoopeston and 
was mayor of the city at the time the water- 
works system was inaugurated. He has ever 
been active in defense of measures pertaining 
to the general good. Socially he is connected 
with the Grand Army Post at that place, of 
which he was the first commander. He be- 
longs to Hoopeston Lodge. No. 115, F. & 
A. M., and the chapter and commandery 
at Paxton. He arrived in Hoopeston in 
1876 and has resided here contiiuiousb 
since. 

The entire life of Mr. Trego has been 
one of unusual activity and industry and he 
is a self-made man in the fullest sense of 
that so frequently misused term. Holding 
important business positions, controlling 
vast interests — this speaks louder than words, 
of his executive and business ability. His 
methods have always been in keeping with 
the highest [irinciples of honorable and fair 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



57 



dealing and with conscientions regard for 
the rights of others. He has a clear and 
comprehensive mind and is able to conceive 
not only large projects but also to execute 
well directed plans. Although he has been 
closely identified with extensive enterprises 
his time and attention ha^•e not been given 
wholly to them. He has been very promi- 
nent and helpful in business affairs and also 
in matters of public importance. He like- 
wise has rare social qualities and delights 
in good fellowship and lacks none of those 
personal traits of character which are indi- 
cative of the warm hearted and high minded 
Sfentleman. 



JUDGE D. D. EVANS. 

Perhaps there is no part of this history 
of more general interest than the record of 
the bar. It is well known that the peace, 
prosperity and well-being of every commun- 
ity depend upon the v^^ise interpretation of 
the laws, as well as upon their judicious 
framing, and therefore the records of the 
various persons who have at different times 
made up the bar will form an important part 
of this volume. A well known jurist of Illi- 
nois said : "In the American state the great 
and good lawyer must always be prominent, 
for he is one of the forces that move and con- 
trol society. Public confidence has generally 
been reposed in the legal profession. It has 
ever been the defender of popular rights, the 
champion of freedom regulated by law, the 
firm support of good government. In the 
times of danger it has stood like a rock and 
breasted the mad passions of the hour and 
finally resisted tumult and faction. No po- 
litical preferment, no mere place, can add 
to the power or increase the honor which be- 
longs to the pure and educated lawyer." 



Judge D. D. Evans is one who has been hon- 
ored by and is an honor to the legal fra- 
ternity of Illinois. He stands to-day promi- 
nent among the leading members of the bar 
of the state, — a position which he has at- 
tained through industr)^ energy and marked 
ability. 

The Judge has passed the seventy-third 
milestone on life's journey, his birth having 
occurred on the 17th of April, 1829, near 
Ebensburg, Pennsylvania, his parents being 
David and Anna (Lloyd) Evans. As the 
name indicates, the Evans family is of Welsh 
origin. His paternal grandfather was a na- 
tive of the northern portion of Wales, while 
the grandmother was born in a southern dis- 
trict of the rock-ribbed country. In child- 
hood they crossed the Atlantic with their re- 
spective parents, who located in the Keystone 
state. The maternal grandfather of the 
Judge was a leading and influential resident 
of Pennsylvania at an early day and was in- 
strumental in the formation of a county 
there, which he called Cambria, the ancient 
name of Wales. He also laid out and 
founded the county seat of the new county, 
which he named Ebensburg in honor of a 
deceased son. Not only was he active in the 
material development of his portion of the 
state but was a man of much influence as the 
promoter of its moral progress, being a min- 
ister of the gospel. 

David Evans, the father of the Judge, 
was reared in PennsylvaJiia, became a stone- 
mason and contractor and aided in the con- 
struction of the famous portage road across 
the Allegheny mountains in Pennsylvania. 
That was at an early epoch in the history of 
railroads and the work was considered a 
piece of wonderful engineering. The money 
which he earned in this way Mr. Evans in- 
vested in farm land and then turned his at- 
tention to agricultural pursuits. It was thus 



ss 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



that Judge Evans became familiar witli farm 
labor in his 3'outh. The advantages and 
privileges which he enjoyed in his early 
youth were few. He did not enter a school- 
room until he was ten years of age, and then 
spent only two months in each year for a few 
years as a student there. He had a love of 
learning, however, that prompted his ac- 
quirement of .knowledge through reading 
and study at home, and in this way he be- 
came qualified to teach, and for one or two 
terms followed the profession of teaching, 
where1)y he acquired means sufficient to en- 
able him to continue his own education at 
Hiram, Ohio. His capital was also supple- 
mented by his earnings in tlie harvest field 
during the summer vacations. On leaving 
that institution he made his way to southern 
Ohio and for five or six years continued his 
work as a successful teacher. During that 
time he also spent one term as a student in 
the Normal Institute of Lebanon, Ohio. 
Forming the determination to become a 
practitioner at the bar, while still pursuing 
his educational \\ork as an instructor he took 
up the study of law, and in i860 he matricu- 
lated in the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, and was 
there graduated in 1863. 

In the meantime the country had become 
involved in civil war, and with patriotic 
loyalty Judge Evans offered his services to 
the government, but almost immediately af- 
ter his enlistment he was taken ill with ty- 
phoid fever and was tlnis forced to return 
home. In Noveml)er, 1S64, he became a 
resident of Danville, and has since l)een 
numbered among its valued and honored 
citizens. Here Inc entered upon tlie practice 
of his ]irofession in connection with jnhn 
A. Kumler. Older practitioners were in the 
field and the amount of legal business at that 



time was not great. He found it difficult to 
obtain a foothold that would bring him suffi- 
cient pecuniary returns to meet his expenses, 
and, while gaining a start in his profession 
he again engaged in teaching for a year, 
and showed himself a successful teacher. 
He also became a factor in journalistic cir- 
cles, and, in connection with Judge Clapp, 
became the owner of the Chronicle, which 
was consolidated with the Vermilion Coun- 
ty Plaindealer and became the Danville 
I'laindealer, Judge Evans acting as editor of 
the new paper. All this, however, was but 
the means of tiding him over and after a 
year spent as editor of the Plaindealer he 
again returned to the practice of law as a 
partner of IM. D. Hawes, and when Mr. 
Hawes withdrew from the legal profession 
after four years, Mr. Evans was then alone 
in business for two years. He then formed 
a partnership with Charles INI. Swallow, this 
being continued for four years, when the 
Judge was again without a partner. In the 
meantime, however, he had demonstrated 
his ability to successfully cope with the in- 
tricate problems of jurisprudence, had dis- 
played broad and comprehensive knowledge 
of the law, had shown force in argument, 
strength in reasoning and clearness and 
capability in the presentation of a cause. His 
ability attracted to him the attention of the 
leaders of the Republican party and in 1881 
he was nominated on that ticket for the office 
of county judge. 

In speaking of this part of his life a 
contemporary biographer has said : "When 
Judge Evans came to the bench he found the 
afifairs of the court in a deplorable condition, 
owing ])artly to the long-continued illness 
I if his predecessor. Judge Ilanford. and part- 
ly to the loose and wholly inefficient methods 
which had prexailed in the conduct of the 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



59 



office. * * * He found cases on the 
docket ten, fifteen and even twenty years be- 
hind, * * * 3,-i(j grave abuses and 
neglect of duty were evident, not the least of 
which was the practice of allowing guar- 
dians, executors and administrators to settle 
at such times as they might elect, with their 
wards out of court, and such settlements had 
been accepted by the court in direct violation 
of law, which requires such settlements to 
be made under oath, in court, with an item- 
ized account of all transactions pertaining 
to the estates or other property in trust. 
Judge Evans insisted upon changing all of 
this. It is probably that the history of the 
entire state would fail to show such a com- 
plete and radical reformation and transfor- 
mation in so short a time as was wrought by 
him during his first term in this office. He 
radically revised the methods in vogue in 
probate matters, and as rapidly as possibly 
under the circumstances, took up, straighten- 
ed out and disposed of the old cases which 
had so long been lingering on the docket : 
required all guardians, administrators, ex- 
ecutors, assignees and conservators to ac- 
count for their trusts in the manner pre- 
scribed b}' law; developed the common law 
term from practically nothing to three terms 
per year of several weeks each, or in short he 
made the county court of almost equal im- 
portance to the circuit court. He appointed 
over two hundred executors and adminis- 
trators,* and about one hundred and fifty 
guardians and conservators, all of whom 
he required to account regularly in court 
as the law required. He gave his undi- 
vided attention to the duties of the posi- 
tion to which he had been chosen, and 
gave careful consideration to each case 
as it came up; and as a result of this care 
and as evidence of his knowledge of law 



and sound legal judgment he achieved the 
proud distinction of having but one finding 
revised and but a single one reversed by the 
higher courts during his term of service. 

"Upon the expiration of his first term. 
Judge Evans was again elected to the same 
position, and for four years more presided 
over the court, the standing of which he had 
done so much to establish and elevate. 

"It must not be supposed that the meth- 
ods adopted by Judge E\'ans met the un- 
qualified approval of all people in the com- 
munity, although no one could speak aught 
against him personally, for his honor, in- 
tegrity, ability and all that goes to constitute 
the ideal judge he was above reproach; yet 
there were many malcontents. There were 
those who had been thriving ofif the estates 
in trust, who found their occupation gone; 
the machine politicians were not in love with 
him, for he was not the kind of man they 
could approach, much less handle, for the 
furtherance of their schemes; and when it 
came time to nominate a candidate for the 
third term Judge Evans busied himself with 
the duties of his office instead of wire-pull- 
ing for the nomination, with the result that 
he awoke one morning and found another 
Richmond in the field. Then it was that the 
better element of the other political party — 
the Democratic — formed plans, and without 
consulting him and entirely without his 
knowledge, and of course without his con- 
sent, either directly or indirectly, placed 
his name on the ticket as their candidate for 
county judge. They justified their action 
in this matter partially by citing the fact 
that during his first candidacy for the office 
they had placed no candidate for the office 
of their own against him but had instead 
placed his name on their ticket, thus making 
him virtually the candidate of both political 



6o 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



parties ; aiul now, when tlie machine element 
in his own party had succeeded in getting 
him put aside, the Democrats placed his 
name on their ticket from consideration of 
the able and impartial manner in which he 
had for eight 3'ears conducted the affairs of 
this important position. This action of his 
friends — undoubtedly kindly meant — placed 
Judge Evans in an awkward position. He 
could not without wounding the feelings of- 
his friends preemptorily spurn this indorse- 
ment and in fact and truth he had no oppor- 
tunity of "declining the honor," as he was 
never consulted in the matter; so he simply 
let matters take their course. His enemies 
\\'orke<l persistently and desperately, while 
he made no move and gave no utterance in 
his own behalf. The result was that he was 
defeated at the polls by a small majority. 
This may have been poor "politics," and 
undoubtedly was from a practical stand- 
point, but Judge Evans was never a practi- 
cal "politician" in the sense that term is 
used in tlie present day. He has none of 
that "all-things-to-all-men" sort of qualifi- 
cation which is the principal stock in trade 
of the average latter-day politician. He is 
modest, dignified and reserved, and scorned 
the practice of going into the field and act- 
ively soliciting votes for himself. The re- 
sult was that his opponents called him an 
aristocrat without sympathy with the com- 
mon people, and said he was a party turn- 
coat because his name appeared on the Dem- 
ocratic ticket. By these and other like meth- 
ods enough votes were secured to retire him 
from the office he had done so much to 
dignify and lionor. He accepted his defeat 
gracefully, and at once took up again the 
practice of his profession." 

While the practice of law has been the 
real life work of Judge Evans he has at the 



same time been connected with some very 
important business aft'airs and with public 
interests. In 1892 he became an equal owner 
in The Wabash ^lilling Company, but in 
icS94 a disastrous fire destroyed the plant, 
which was only partially insured, and thus 
a large loss was sustained. In matters per- 
taining to the general good the Judge has 
always been found on the side of progress. 
impro\ement and reform. He has been a 
member of the board of education in Dan- 
\'ille anil the cause of the schools have found 
in him a warm and helpful friend. He has 
never wavered in his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party anil has been recognized as 
one of its leaders in his district, serving as 
chairman of the Republican central com- 
mittee. In 1876 he was made a delegate to 
the Republican national convention, which 
nominated Hayes for the presidency and 
again and again he has been sent as a dele- 
gate to the state conventions of his party. 
He has ever been fearless and outspoken in 
defense of his honest political convictions, yet 
is not bitterly aggressive, however, no one 
has occasion to question his views. It is 
doubtful if he ever weighed an act of his 
life in the balance of political policy. He is 
an incorruptable patriot and deserves the 
homage that commanding ability wins from 
all men. In the press by his own ])en he 
has denounced false methods and has ever 
believed in the office seeking the man rather 
than the man seeking the office. 

In 1867 occurred the marriage of Judge 
Evans and Mrs. Edwilda A. Sconce, whose 
maiden name was Cromwell. They became 
the parents of three children, but only one 
is now living, Waldo Carl. The Evans 
household has ever been noted for its graci- 
ous hospitality, this home being the favorite 
resort of the citizens of Danville and its 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



6i 



social features are most enjoyed by the 
friends of the Judge and his estima- 
ble wife. As an orator, Judge Evans 
is not one of prominence, but is clear 
and forceful. He has been a student 
not only of political issues but of social and 
economical questions and from his pen have 
come able utterances on many subjects, cov- 
ering a wide range of thought and investi- 
gation. There is nothing narrow or con- 
tracted about him and he cannot accept nar- 
row creeds or dogmas but his is a religion 
which believes in the uniform laws of the 
universe and the brotherhood of man. He 
is a member of no church but his morals 
and integrity are unquestioned. He is a 
follower of facts rather than faith and is a 
believer in the freedom of thought. Few 
lawyers have made a more lasting impression 
upon the bar of the state, both for legal abil- 
ity of a high order and for the individuality 
of a personal character, which impresses it- 
self upon a community. Of a family con- 
spicuous for strong intellects, indomitable 
courage and energy, he entered upon his 
career as a lawyer, and such was his force 
of character and natural qualifications that 
he overcame all obstacles and wrote his name 
upon the keystone of the legal arch. In his 
private life he is distinguished by all that 
marks the true gentleman. His is a noble 
character, — one that subordinates personal 
ambition to public good and seeks rather the 
benefit of others than the aggrandizement of 
self. Endowed by true nature, with high 
intellectual qualities, to which he has added 
the discipline and embellishments of culture, 
his is a most attractive personality. Well 
versed in the learning of his profession, and 
with a deep knowledge of human conduct, 
with great sagacity and extraordinary tact, 



he stands to-day as one of the most dis- 
tinguished members that has ever practiced 
at the bar of this portion of Illinois. 



S-VMUEL COLLISON. 

Samuel Collison, the president of the 
First National Bank of Rossville, was born 
on the 1st of August, 1853, in Pilot town- 
ship, \^ermilion county, near Collison sta- 
tion, which was named in honor of the fam- 
ily. His father, Absalom Collison, was a 
native of Ohio and arrived in this county in 
1828, when Danville was a mere hamlet 
upon a broad and almost unbroken prairie 
which stretched away for miles in every 
direction. He settled in what was then 
known as Higginsville, entered land from 
the government and turned his attention to 
farming. The advantages which the county 
offered to her early settlers were utilized by 
Mr. Collison, who purchased land when it 
was cheap and extended his possession un- 
til he had about one thousand acres. This 
he improved and cultivated and the fields re- 
sponded liberall}' with excellent crops. He 
also erected substantial and modern build- 
ings upon his farm, including one of the 
finest residences in this part of the state, 
hauling the lumber froni Indiana. He was 
not only abreast with modern improvement 
but was a leader in advancement along such 
lines, and the early development of the coun- 
ty was due in no small measure to his efforts. 
He married Mary Chenoweth, a native of 
Ohio, who became a resident of Vermilion 
county about the same time as her husband. 
They became the parents of twelve children, 
of whom seven are now li\-ing. The father 



6z 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



passed away when about fort}'-eig'lit years 
of age and the mother afterward Ijccame the 
wife of John Smith. 

In the district schools Samuel Collison 
acquired his early education, which, how- 
ever, was of limited character, for his train- 
ing was much more extensive in farm work 
and his time was largely given -to the labors 
of field and meadow. His father died when 
the son was less than one year old, and when 
he had reached the age of nineteen he left 
home and began earning his own living. 
Soon afterward he purchased eighty acres 
of land in Champaign county and for five 
years resided thereon. During that time he 
was married, in November, 1874, when 
twenty-one years of age, to Nancy Lindsay, 
a native of Vermilion county and a daughter 
of David Lindsay, an early pioneer and 
farmer from Kentucky, who settled near Mr. 
Collison's farm. After about six years in 
Champaign county our subject sold his land 
there and returned to this county, wliere he 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres of 
partly improved land. This he tiled and im- 
proved and to it he added a half section, thus 
becoming owner of a valual>le farm of four 
luindred and eighty acres, constituting one 
of the finest and best improved farms of the 
county. He was extensively engaged in the 
buying and shipping of cattle for twelve or 
fifteen years, in addition to general farming, 
and became well known as a very successful 
stockdealer. In 1893 he became interested 
in the banking business as a stockholder in a 
private bank with which he was associated 
for seven years. In this enterprise he was 
connected with his nephew, bVed Collison. 
In 1890 lie purcliased the interests of Messrs. 
Cunningham and Christman in what was 
known as the Citizens Bank, which on the 
1st of July, 1900. was organized under the 
name of the First National Bank, and is 



capitalized for tliirty-tixe thousand dollars. 
Mr. Collison is now the president of the in- 
stitution, with Mr. Crays as cashier, and the 
officers, together with P. Cadle, J. W. Fag- 
her, W. T. Cunningham, J. T. Christman, 
Ora Greer, and O. P. Stuftlebeam constitute 
the board of directors. The institution has 
prospered, becoming one of the reliable 
moneyed concerns of tlie county, and the 
capable management and enterprise of Mr. 
Collison are accountable in a large degree 
for this desireablc result. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Collison have l)een 
born two daughters, Mary and Olive. So- 
cially Mr. Collison is connected with the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and politi- 
cally he is a Republican, who strongly en- 
dorses the principles of the party but has 
never sought office as a reward for party 
fealty. His life has been that of the enter- 
prising resolute American business man, 
watchful of opportunities, quick to note 
possil)ilities and yet never taking advantage 
of the necessities of his fellow men. His 
business career is one which any man might 
be proud to possess because of his success 
and the honorable methods he has ever fol- 
lowed. 



THOAIAS HOOPES. 

More than one Illinois man whose name 
figures to-day upon the pages of history was 
born, as was Mr. Hoopes, in a log cabin 
and reared amid the hardships and priva- 
tions of pioneer life, but it is only under the 
pressure of adversity and the stimulus of 
opposition tliat tlie best and strongest in men 
have been brought out. Although Thomas 
Hoopes did not direct his energies into chan- 
nels which brought him political renown or 
militarv distinction, he became an imjiorlant 




^^' V-^zr^ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



65 



factor in reclaiming tlie great prairie dis- 
tricts of Illinois for the purposes of civiliza- 
tion and achieved success which awakened 
admiration and respect, and as long as the 
town of Hoopeston stands he will be hon- 
ored «is its founder and first settler. 

On the 26th of June, 1806, in a little 
log cabin which stood in what was then 
Jefferson county, but is now Harrison coun- 
ty. Ohio, Thomas Hoopes first opened his 
eyes to the light of day, being the fourth 
in order of birth in a family of six chil- 
dren. Primitive pioneer conditions then ex- 
isted in the Buckeye state and accordingly 
he was deprived of many of the advantages 
which could have been enjoyed in a more 
thickly settled region. His education was 
largely acquired under the direction of his 
mother, although later he had the opportun- 
ity of attending a private school for a month. 
About the time he attained his majoriy his 
father died, and he received as his share of 
the estate three hundred and thirt3'-four 
dollars and four cents, which served as the 
nticlus around which he gathered his for- 
tune in later years. 

Mr. Hoopes continued on the home farm 
until his marriage, which occurred July 8, 
1846, Miss Anna Gray, of Harrison county, 
Ohio, becoming his wife. Soon afterward 
he purchased eight hundred acres of land 
near Marion, Ohio, and settling thereon ])ui 
up one of the first brick houses in thaf part 
of the state. He also made many other sub- 
stantial improvements upon his farm and 
devoted most of his attention to stock-rais- 
ing, having a large flock of sheep grazing 
upon his farm all the time. In .'\ugust, 
1853, he came to Vermilion county to as- 
certain definitely the condition of the land 
and the prospects of the county. That he 
was satisfied with the investigation is indi- 



cated by the fact that in 1855 he brought his 
family to the west and purchased of W. I. 
Allen four hundred and eighty acres of land, 
on which he established his home. It lay 
northwest of the present site of Hoopeston, 
crowning a hill on the old Chicago road. 
As time passed he added largely to his land- 
ed possession until he became the owner of 
seven or eight thousand acres. For years he 
was one of the most extensive stock-dealers 
and raisers of this part of the state, making 
large shipments to the city markets and in- 
vesting his profits in land. On the 4th of 
July, 1871, the track of what is now the 
Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad was laid 
across his farm and the year following the 
Lake Erie & Western also began running 
trains through this district. Mr. Hoopes, 
who was always a man of keen sagacity and 
foresight, believed that here would be a good 
site for a town and began laying off his farm 
in town lots, thereafter devoting his energies 
to the sale of these lots and to the supervision 
of the interests of the embryo village. The 
place was named Hoopeston by one of the 
railroad prospectors. Mr. Hoopes subse- 
■quently sold one thousand acres of his land 
to the firm of Snell & Taylor, who had a 
part of it platted and sold as town lots. 
From that time until his death Mr. Hoopes 
was engaged in no active business enter- 
prise, save the supervision of his in\'ested 
interests. Fie spent much of his time in 
traveling with his wife, who was in deli- 
cate health, they visiting many portions of 
this country in the hope that she might be 
benefited therel:)y. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hoopes had no children 
but reared Mary R. Scott from a little six 
year old girl, who made her home with them 
until her marriage to J. A. Cunningham, 
who is represented elsewhere in this A'olume. 



66 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Mr. Hoopes was a man of benevolent spirit, 
charitable in tlionghl and action, and many 
liave reason to rememlier liim for the kindly 
assistance he rendered in their liour of need. 
No man ever accused Thomas Hoopes of 
taking unfair advantage of his fellow men 
or of performing any act that was not strict 
ly honorable. While not a church member, 
his life was governed by the most rigid prin- 
ciples of honesty and morality. The golden 
rule was his guide through life and he de- 
spised all unworthy or questionable means 
to secure success in any undertaking for any 
purpose. In his political views he was first 
a Whig and afterward a Republican, but tht 
honors of emoluments of office had no at- 
traction for him. His wife passed away 
April 25, 1886, and his death occurred Oc- 
tober 4, 1893. He left an estate valued at 
more than half a million dollars, which in- 
dicated his activity in business, his careful 
investment and keen discernment, but more 
than this he left a legacy to the state one 
of its beautiful and thriving towns; to the 
town he left the result of labors for the gen- 
eral good ; to his friends the memory of a 
kindly spirit; and to humanity the example 
of a life of untarnished honor. 



WTLLIAM T. CUNNINGHAM. 

William T. Cunningham is a financier 
of \'ermilion county who has had marked 
influence in tinancial circles here, his ef- 
forts being a potent element in promoting 
business activity and the consequent pros- 
perity of this portion of the state. Through 
long years he has been engaged in merchan- 
dising and banking in Rossville and is also 
connected through ownership with the bank- 



ing interests of Danville. Recently lie has 
taken up his abode in the latter city, being 
one of the founders of the Commercial 
Trust & Savings Bank. 

Mr. Cunningham was born near the city. 
December i, 1856, and is a son of Humes 
Cunningham, representing one of the pioneer 
families of Illinois. The grandfather, Will- 
iam Cunningham, came from Kentucky to 
Vermilion county at a very early day and 
Humes was born and reared upon a farm 
here. When he had reached years of ma- 
turitv he wedded Elizabeth Winning, a 
daughter of Thomas R. Winning, Avho also 
became a resident of \^ermilion county at 
an early epoch in its history. Mr. Cunning- 
ham devoted his energies to farm work and 
carried on the work of plowing, planting and 
harvesting until his death, which occurred in 
1859, when the subject of this review was 
a child of only two years. His wife also 
passed away in 1857. 

William T. Cunningham of this review 
thus left an orphan, was reared by his ma- 
ternal grandparents and in the schools of 
Rossville and Danville he pursued his edu- 
cation. After arriving at mature years he 
engaged in clerking and eventually became 
owner of a mercantile establishment, carry- 
ing on active business in different lines in 
Rossville until 1901. Associated with Mr. 
Campbell in 1891, he established the old 
Citizens Hank of Rossville and afterward 
purchased his partner's interest. Later he 
admitted Mr. Christman to a partnership in 
the business and by these gentlemen the liank 
was conducted. In 1900 that business war 
re-organized and merged into the First Na- 
tional Bank of Rossville, of which Mr. Cun- 
ningham is one of the directors. He be- 
came a stockholder, aided in organizing the 
institution and was elected to the official posi- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



69 



tion which he now fills. He has also had real 
estate interests, having bought and sold dif- 
ferent farms in the county and at the pres- 
ent time gives his personal supervision to 
the management of his farms near Ross- 
ville. He was one of the organizers of the 
Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of Dan- 
ville, being associated in this enterprise with 
Mr. Christman. This bank was capitalized 
at one hundred thousand dollars and is a 
new institution of the city, having been 
opened for business on the 22d of Januarj', 
1903, with Mr. Cunningham as president 
and T. F. Christman, cashier. In the con- 
duct of all of the enterprises with which 
he has been associated he has proved him- 
self a successful business man and far-sighted 
financier and his probity and personal worth 
stand as unquestioned facts in his career. 

In the year 1880, in Rossville, Mr. Cun- 
ningham was married to Jennie Foulke, who 
was born, reared and educated in Rossville. 
Her death occurred in Danville in February, 
1883, and in 1888 Mr. Cunningham was 
again married, his second union being with 
Orrie L. Albright, who was born, reared and 
educated in this county and also attended 
college in Ohio. Her father, Samuel Al- 
bright, was one of the early settlers of Ver- 
milion county and died in Rossville in 1902. 
The marriage of our subject and his wife 
has been blessed with three children, Thoma? 
A., Irene M. and Willard T. 

Politically Mr. Cunningham is a Demo- 
crat where national issues are involved and 
at local elections he votes independently, 
supporting the men whom he thinks best 
qualified for ofiice, regardless of party affil- 
iations. He has given his time and atten- 
tion to extensive business interests and has 
therefore had no desire to seek public office. 
He belongs to the Knights of Pythias fra- 



ternity of Rossville and his wife is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. On 
the opening of the bank in Danville they 
remo\'ed to the city and already our subject 
has been recognized as a leading representa- 
tive of financial interests here, because of the 
reputation which he has borne throughout 
Vermilion count}' for many years. He has 
ever taken an active interest in whatever 
has pertained to the general good and has 
gi\'en his hearty co-operation to many meas- 
ures for the public benefit. His business 
afifairs have been carefully and capably 
managed. He manifests keen discrim- 
ination, unfaltering perseverance and 
his judgment is rarely, if ever, at 
fault. Intricate business questions he com- 
prehends readily, forms his plans after ma- 
ture deliberation and then carries them for- 
ward with dispatch. As the years have 
passed he has thus prospered and to-day 
is one of the leading financiers of Ver- 
milion county. 



L. ANGUS CAMERON. 

§ 

L. Angus Cameron, a well known resi- 
dent of Grant township living near Hoope- 
ston, was born in southern Ohio, on the 
13th of January, 1852. His father. Chris- 
tian Cameron, was a native of the same lo- 
cality, and was a son of Alexander Cam- 
eron. The great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject was Daniel or Donald Cameron, who 
came from Scotland to America soon after 
the Revolutinary war. He married a sister 
of Simon Cameron, who was secretary of 
war under President Lincoln. He brought 
with him from the old country two church 
letters giving evidence of his membership 



70 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



and good standing in tlie Presbyterian 
cliurch. He lived an earnest Christian life 
and the family have always been noted for 
their loyalty to Christian teachings and their 
active work in behalf of the church. 

Christian Cameron was also a native 
of southern Ohio, and after arriving ai 
years of maturity lie wedded Miss Esther 
Core, who was one of a family of thir- 
teen children. Her father, John Core, was 
a native of Maryland, while her mother was 
of Pennsylvania German parentage. L. An- 
gus Cameron of this review is one of a 
family of eight children : Elizabeth, now 
deceased; Catherine; Sudie, who has also 
passed away ; John ; Anna ; Angus ; Emma ; 
and Rose, who has also departed this life. 
In the county of his nativity Mr. Cam- 
eron of this review was reared to manhood, 
spending his youth upon his father's farm 
and pursuing his education in the public 
schools. After arriving at years of matur- 
ity he was married and lived for four years 
thereafter upon a farm in the Buckeye state. 
It was on Christmas day of 1875 that his 
marriage to jMiss Mary James was cele- 
brated. The lady is a daughter of Samuel 
and Margaret (McCann) James, the latter 
coming of a family of Scotch-Irish ances- 
try. Mrs. Cameron is one of seven chil- 
dren, namely : Amarillus ; John, deceased ; 
Catherine; Eliza, who has also passed 
away; Mary; Sarah; Lucy; and Henry, the 
last named being also deceased. The history 
of the James family in America dates back 
to a very early epoch in the development of 
this country. 

In November, 1882, Mr. Cameron 
brought his family to Illinois, settling in 
Vermili<in county, at the place of his pres- 
ent residence in Grant township. When a 
young man he engaged in teaching school 



for four years, but with this exception he 
lias always carried on agricultural pursuits 
and his work has been attended with a grat- 
ifying degree of success. He lives on his 
father's farm of two hundred acres of land; 
which he has placed under a high state of 
cultivation, the farm being a rich and pro- 
ductive tract. Everything about the place 
is neat and attracti\e in appearance and is 
indicative of the careful supervision and 
progressive spirit of the owner. The home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Cameron has been blessed 
with eleven children : Rosy, born April 14, 
1877; Sudie, born August 27, 1878; Lucy, 
born July 10, 1880; Ann E., born May 4. 
1882; Chris, born April 29, 1884; Esther, 
born June 10, 1886; Ruth, born March 20. 
1888; John, born May 3, 1890; Kate, born 
May 7. 1892; Ralph, born ^lay 2, 1894; 
and Ruby, born July 8, 1896. 

In his political views ^Ir. Cameron i; 
a stalwart Republican, having supported the 
party since he attained his majority. He 
has ne\-er wavered in his allegiance to its 
principles, yet he has never sought or cared 
for public office, content to do his duty as 
a private citizen. He and his family are 
all members of the United Brethren chmx-h, 
in the work of which he takes an active and 
helpful interest. He has served as trustee 
steward, Sunday-school superintendent and 
class leader, and puts forth every effort in 
his power to promote the cause of the church. 



CHARLES A. ALLEN. 

The name of Charles A. .\llen figures 
conspicuously upon the pages of the legisla- 
tive history of Illinois. An enumeration of 
the men of the present generation who have 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



73 



wi)!! honor and public recognition for them- 
sehes and at the same time have honored 
the state to which they belong, would be 
incomplete were there failure to make promi 
nent reference to the one whose name intro- 
duces this review. For eighteen years he 
has been a member of the state legislature, 
and has ever manifested a deep interest in 
those cpiestions which are to the statesman 
and the man of affairs, of vital importance 
to the commonweafth and to the nation. 
While undoubtedly he has not been without 
that personal ambition which is the spur of 
energy and without which little would be ac- 
complished in life, his patriotic attachment 
to his country is even greater and he has 
ever placed the country's good before self- 
aggrandizement. Thus. o\-er the record of 
his public career there falls no shadow of 
wrong and while he has awakened envy and 
criticism such as always comes to the man 
who figures prominaitly before the public 
the citizens who know him best have mani- 
fested their confidence in his worth and work 
by repeatedly electing him to represent them 
in the council chamber of the state. 

^Ir. Allen was born in Danville in the 
year 1851. His father, \\'illiam I. Allen, 
was a native of Ohio, and a farmer b)' occu- 
pation. Coming to Illinois he entered land 
at Hoopeston, having three thousand acres, 
and upon this farm took up his abode. Later 
he became interested in banking and at the 
time of the "wildcat" currency his financial 
afifairs became involved and he lost all that 
he had made. By profession he was a law- 
yer and at an early day he practiced in Dan- 
ville at a time when Abraham Lincoln was 
also often seen in the courts of the city. He 
married Miss Emily Newell, a daughter of 
James Newell, a prominent early settler of 



Newell township, \'ermilion county, who 
aided in laying the foundation for the prog- 
ress and development in this portion of the 
state. Her father died at an advanced age 
and was laid to rest in Gro\-e cemetery in 
the town of Newell, in 1846. 

Charles A. Allen was reared upon a farm 
in Ross township, Vermilion county, and 
pursued his education in the common schools 
of that township. He afterward engaged in 
teaching school and in this way provided the 
money necessary to defray the expenses of 
a college education. Determining to make 
the practice of law his life work he began 
reading with this end in view and later en- 
tered the State University of Michigan, at 
Ann Arbor , as a student of the law depart- 
ment, graduating in the spring of 1873 ^"'^ 
that same year he was admitted to the bar. 
■ He gained distinction as a lawyer because 
of his comprehensive knowledge of juris- 
prudence, his careful preparation of cases 
and his thorough understanding of techni- 
calities as well as the equity of the suit with 
which he was connected. It is a noticeable 
fact that lawyers are more prominently be- 
fore the public in connection with official 
service than any other one class of men. The 
reason for this is obvious, because the train- 
ing which fits them for the practice of law 
also prepares them for duties which lie out- 
side the strict path of their profession. They 
are apt to look upon a question from many 
standpoints, to view judiciously every mat 
ter that comes up before them for settle- 
ment and to give a more fair and unbiased 
judgment than is often rendered by men 
in other walks of life. The native talent 
and ability of Mr. Allen won for him the 
attention of his fellow men and in 1884 he 
was called upon to represent his district in 



74 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



the state legislature of Illinois, where he 
has served continuously since, covering a 
period of eighteen years. His name figures 
conspicuously and prominently upon the 
legislative records and he has been the pro- 
moter of many measures which have found 
their way to the statute books of the state. 
He is a fearless champion of whatever course 
he believes to be right and his loyal defense 
of his honest convictions is one of the strong 
elements of his success in political circles. 
Perhaps his name came into more general 
prominence in connection w'ith what is 
known as the Allen bill than through any 
other measure. This was the street railway 
bill which he promoted giving to the city 
councils and boards of supervisors the right 
of granting franchises not exceeding fifty 
years. The present law limits this term to 
franchise to twenty years. The bill which 
Mr. Allen promoted and fathered was car- 
ried by both houses and signed by the gov- 
ernor, but was repealed with the next session 
of the legislature, Mr. Allen being the only 
man who voted against the repeal. Ver- 
milion county has profited largely by his 
efforts in its behalf and upon the floor of the 
house Mr. Allen is known as an active work- 
ing member deeply interested in his party's 
success, but placing the general good be- 
fore personal partisanship. In 1878 was 
celebrated the marriage of Charles A. Allen 
and Miss Mary Thompson, a daughter of 
L. M. Thompson, of Rossville. and they 
now have three children : John Newell and 
Lawrence T., both of whom are law stu- 
dents, and Esther Mary. 

From 1875 until 1881 Mr. Allen prac- 
ticed law in Rossville and then came la 
Hoopeston where he has since lived. At 
the present time, however, he is not actively 
connected with the legal profession, giving 



his attention to his legislative work and to 
the supervision of his invested interests. He 
owns twelve hundred acres of land in Ver- 
milion county, fifteen hundred acres in Ful- 
ton county, Indiana, and has extensive in- 
\estments in gold and silver mining prop- 
erty in Arizona, being one of fi\'e men who 
constitute the Black Rock Gold and Copper 
Mining Company. His pleasant and at- 
tract i\-e home in Hoopeston is located on 
Washington street. ]\Ir. Allen is a valued 
member of the Masonic fraternity, the 
Knights of Pythias, and the Modern Wood- 
men of America. He is a generous and lib- 
eral contributor to the churches and worthy 
institutions, and the poor and needy find in 
him a warm friend. A well known visitor 
of the Old Settlers' Home, he often ad- 
dresses such gatherings and takes a deep 
interest in preserving the records of the 
early development and progress of the state. 
During campaigns he does effective work 
in the interest of the Republican party upon 
the stump and is an orator of ability, a ready, 
fluent, logical and convincing speaker. While 
Mr. Allen is to-day one of the most pros- 
perous and distinguished citizens of Ver- 
milion county, he deserves to be classed 
among the honored men who have achieved 
their own advancement. His education was 
acquired as the result of his own labors and 
his prominence has come to him in direct 
recognition of his merit, ability, and earnest 
purpose. Viewed in a personal light, Charles 
A. Allen is a strong n\an of excellent judg- 
ment, fair in his views and highly honorable 
in his relations with his fellow men. His 
integrity stands as an unquestioned fact in 
his career. His life has been manlv, his 
actions sincere, his manner unaffected, 
and his example is well worthy of emu- 
lation. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



75 



GEORGE T. BUCKINGHAM. 

George T. Buckingham is one of the 
distinguished lawyers of the Vermilion 
county bar and is also prominent in the busi- 
ness and political history of this portion of 
the state. Danvill^ claims him as one of 
its honored and representative citizens, 
whose efforts in its behalf have been most 
effective and beneficial. He is a native of 
Delphi. Indiana, born April 4, 1864, anil 
is a son of T. W. and Helen A. (Clark). 
Buckingham, the former a native of Ohio 
and the latter of New York, but both are 
now residents of this town. The first rep- 
resentati\'e of the family to come to Amer- 
ica was the Rev. Thomas Buckingham, who 
several centuries ago crossed the Atlantic 
and settled in New Haven, Connecticut. He 
was prominent in the affairs of that colony 
and was one of the fotmders of Yale col- 
lege. Another distinguished representative 
of the same family was General William 
Buckingham, the famous war governor oi' 
Connecticut and probably the most promi- 
nent members in the subject's history. Helen 
A. Buckingham, the mother of our subject, 
was a descendant of General Emmet Clark, 
and in the maternal line was descended from 
General Luther Tillotson, of New York. 
Colonel Buckingham, of this review, is the 
third of a family of five children, namely : 
Ella B., the wife of George A. ISIay; j\Irs. 
J. E. P. Butz ; George T. ; Mrs. Robert P. 
Harmon; and Clyde, who is business man- 
ager of the Globe, a newspaper published at 
Joplin, Missouri. 

Colonel Buckingham obtained his early 
education in Ladoga, Indiana, and subse- 
quently matriculated in the Central Indiana 
Normal, after which he was variously em- 
ployed in obtaining a living. In the mean- 



time he took up the study of law under the 
direction of Colonel W. J. Calhoun. In 
1889 he served as chief clerk in the house 
of representatives of Illinois and was in the 
government employ from 1890 until 1894, 
during which time he was stationed at var- 
ious parts of New York, San Francisco, 
Mexico and Europe. He has practiced law 
in Danville since 1894 and has gained a 
prominent place as a representative of the 
bar. 

While Mr. Buckingham has won an en- 
\-iable position as a leading lawyer of Ver- 
milion county he has also been identified 
with many local enterprises and with im- 
portant public work and political service. 
He is a stockholder in the Ike Stern Com- 
pany and the Danville Department Store. 
He is also an extensive dealer in real estate 
and was instrumental in founding the su- 
burban town of Oak Lawn, and was identi- 
fied with the establishment of the interur- 
ban railroad system of Danville and vi- 
cinity. 

In November, 1893, ^Ir. Buckingham 
was united in marriage to Victoria Donlon, 
a daughter of John and Virginia (Holton) 
Donlon. This marriage has been blessed 
with one son, Tracy. Fraternally Mr. Buck- 
ingham is connected with the Masonic Or 
der, with the Knights of Pythias, with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
and with the Modern Woodmen of America. 
He also belongs to the Chamber of Com- 
merce in Danville and to the Union League 
Club of Chicago. In politics he has always 
been an earnest and stalwart supporter of 
the Republican party. For four years, 
from 1897 until 1901, he served as a trus- 
tee of the Kankakee Insane Asylum under 
Governor Tanner and he was appointed by 
G(ivernor Yates as one of the commission- 



76 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



ers of the Joliet penitentiary and was elected 
president of the board. He is also a niem- 
her of tlie staff of Governor Yates with 
the rank of colonel, having been appointed 
to the position in April, 1901. Few mer. 
are more prominently or more widely 
kndwn, in the enterprising city of Danville 
than Colonel Buckingham. He has beer 
an important factor in business circles and 
his popularity is well deserved, as in him 
arc embraced the characteristics of an un- 
bending integrity, unabating energy and in- 
dustry that never flags. He is a public-spir- 
ited and thoroughly interested in whatever 
tends to promote tlie moral, intellectual and 
material welfare of \'ermilion countv. 



WTLLIAAl B. REDDEX. 

Character and abilitv will come to the 
front everywhere. As boy and man many 
a one has been beset by difliculties and has 
had almost unsurmountable obstacles thrust 
in his path, l)ut perseverance has cleared 
them away and he has gone on to success. 
Such has been the record of William B. 
Redden, now extensi^•ely engaged in real 
estate dealing in Rossville, where he also 
devotes some time to the practice of law, 
being a member of the legal profession of 
\'ermilion county, during the past twelve 
years. 

Born in Fountain county, Indiana, on 
th': 6th of October, 1855, he is a son of 
jchn Redden, whose birth occurred near 
Maysville. Kentuck} , July 9. 1829. His 
grandfather. \Mlliam Redden, was one of 
the pioneer settlers of Kentucky and snbse- 
ffuently remo\-ed to Indiana, becoming one 
of the earliest residents of Fountain countv. 



Amid the wild scenes of pioneer life there 
the father of our subject was reared, shar- 
ing in all the hardships incident to the fron- 
tier. He wedded Catherine Anderson, a 
nati\-e of Fountain countv, and a daughter 
of John Anderson, another early settler of 
that locality, who remoxed from \'irginia 
about 1820. After his marriage John Red- 
den turned his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits and for several years carried on his 
farm work in Indiana. After the l)irth of 
three of their children he and his wife came 
with their family to Illinc.iis. settling near 
Rossville in i860. There the fatlier cleared 
a tract of land and improved a farm, upon 
which he reared his children. He is now 
living retired in Rossville and is a hale, 
hearty and venerable man of seventy-three 
years. 

\\'illiam B. Redden is the eldest in a 
family of two sons and two daughters, all 
of whom are yet living, are married and 
ha\e families of their own. He was not 
yet fi\-e years of age when brought by his 
parents to Vermilion county and hence he 
has little recollection of their other home. 
He attaided the common schools, but is 
largely self-educated, as well as a self-made 
man for his pri\-ileges for acquiring knowl- 
edge in the school room were verj- limited. 
When a young man on the farm he bega 
reading law, believing that he would like to 
enter the profession and make the practice 
of law his life work. I-'or some years he 
prosecuted his studies under great diflicul- 
ties and amid discouraging circumstances, 
but this brought forth the elemental stregth 
of his character and gave evidence of the 
l)erseverancc of purpose and unflngging de- 
termination and ambition which have proved 
imporfnt elements in his success in lalei 
life. Subsec|uently he went to \'eedcrs- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



77 



burg, Indiana, where he conducted a branch 
law office for the Honorable \\". H. ]\Ial- 
lor}', a prominent attorney of Danville. He 
was admitted to the bar in Veedersburg in 
February, 1889, and tried his first case a'l 
that place. Later he returned to Illinois, 
locating on a farm west of Rossville, where 
he carried on agricultural pursuits for ter. 
years. In January, 1890, however, he left 
the farm in order to take up his residence 
in the town and here he has since engaged 
in the practice of law and in the real-estate 
business, giving the greater part of his time 
to his operations in property. He has 
bought and sold many farms in A'ermilion 
and Iroquois counties and has also handled 
some farm land in Indiana. He has a broad 
and comprehensive knowledge of the value 
of real estate in this portion of Illinois and 
his dealings have been attended with grat- 
ifying success. He commenced life a poor 
boy, empty-handed, but steadily he has 
climbed the ladder of success. The very 
difficulties in his path seemed to serve as an 
impetus for renewed effort and with strong 
purpose he has pushed his way forward un- 
til he now stands among the prosperous 
men of Rossville, strong in his honor and 
his good name as well as in his prosperity. 
On the 30th of March, 1879, Mr. Red- 
den was united in marriage to Miss Sarah 
E. Remster. a native of Fountain county, 
Indiana, and a daughter of Andrew Rem- 
ster, who was one of the pioneer settlers 
of that county. I-'our children have graced 
this nmrriage : Carter G., who is now a 
law student in his senior vear. in the Mich- 
igan University, at Ann Arlior; Forrest, 
a student in the Rossville high school ; I\Ta- 
bel ; and James. WHien age conferred upon 
^Ir. Redden the right of franchise he en- 
dorsed the jirinciples of the Jeft'ersnn Dem- 



mocracy, casting his ballot for S. J. Til- 
den for president in 1876. He has since 
voted for each presidential nominee of the 
Democracy and has done all in his power 
to promote the growth and insure the suc- 
cess of his party. In 1896 he served as a 
delegate to the national convention and has 
been a delegate to numerous county and 
state conventions, his opinions carrying 
weight in the party councils. He is a Mas- 
ter Mason and in his life exemplifies tlie 
lieneficent and helpful spirit of that fra- 
ternity. His life history proves conclusively 
what may be accomplished when one has 
the will to try and to do; and his example, 
showing the force of industry and an up- 
right character, is well worthy of emulation. 



L. E. SNAPP & SONS. 

This \\-ell known firm of Georgetown 
has been engaged in business here since 
1 88 1 as buyers and shippers of poultry, but- 
ter and eg'gs. Thcxsenior member is a rep- 
resentative of one of the old families of 
\^ermilion county and he was born in- 
Georgetown, October 3, 1850, his parents 
being William and Mary J. (LaMar) 
Snapp, the former a native of Tennessee 
and the latter of Virginia. At an early day 
in the development of this part of Illinois 
the father came to Vermilion count\' and 
purchased a farm where the village of 
Georgetown now stands. He then turned 
his attention tc agricultural ijursuits, which 
he carried fin there until 1853. when he \\'as 
killed in a wind storm. His widow still 
sur\-i\-es him and. now resides with a son in 
Irociuois count}'. Illinois. In their family 
were three children : Geors'e W., who \?, 



78 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



now a railroad man, living in Iroquois 
county; Ella, the wife of Wesley Houck, 
a resident of Oregon ; and Louis E. All 
received comniun-schoul advantages in this 
county. 

Louis E. Snapp, like the others, attend- 
ed the public schools until fourteen years of 
age, when he began earning his (iwn li\ing 
by working at any employment which would 
yield him an honest dollar. In 1875 he mar- 
ried Miss Margaret F. Bedinger, of \'ir- 
ginia, a daughter of Daniel Bedinger, who 
was a farmer of Vermilion county, but is 
now deceased. L'nto Mr. and Mrs. Snapp 
have been born four children : Robert A., 
born in January, 1877, is now engaged in 
the poultry business in partnership with liis 
father. He married Gay Edith Myers and 
they have one child, Marion. William D., 
also a partner with his father, wedded Ly- 
dia Outland. and they have one daughter. 
Olive. Jessie L. and George are the younger 
members of the family. 

After his marriage Mr. Snapp engaged 
in contracting and other lines of business 
and eventually became interested in the Uun- 
ber trade, l)uying timber and logs, which 
he con\-erted into lumber for the market. 
He was thus engaged until 1881, when he 
began dealing in poultry and as soon as his 
sons became of age he admitted them to 
an interest in the business as equal partners. 
He now has poultry houses in Georgetown. 
Fairmount, and Cayuga, Indiana, and em- 
ploys from eight to ten men in the conduct 
of the enterprise. A number of poultry 
wagons are continuallv ke|)t on the road, 
buying butter, eggs and ])(>ultry of the 
farmers throughout this section of the state 
and Indiana. The poultry is dressed here 
and shipments are made only to the markets 
of New York, Boston and Philadelphia 



The business has now assumed extensive 
proportions and his annual sales have reach- 
ed a large figure. 

Air. Snapp votes with the Republican 
part}'. He has never been an office seeker 
nor has he held a political position. So- 
cially he is connected with the Woodmen of 
America, and with the Knights of Pythias, 
bel(jnging to the lodges in Georgetown. 
Since entering upon his business career he 
has been very successful and is now a prom- 
inent man of tliis place. He owns a beauti- 
ful residence in the eastern part of the vil- 
lage near the poultry house and his sons are 
located in the same neighborhood. Mr. 
Snapp through his business relations and 
othenvise has become widely known, es- 
pecially to the farming community of Ver- 
milion county and all recognize in him a re- 
liable business man, whose energy and de- 
termination is supplemented by fair dealing. 



C. B. DE LONG. 



Perliaps no resident of Fithian has left 
his impress in a greater degree upon the 
business development and the consequent 
prosperity of the town than has Mr. De Long. 
His financial and mercantile interests there 
have been and are of an important charac- 
ter and he is a representative of that class 
of representative citizens who, while pro- 
moting individual success also contribute in 
a large measure to the general prosperity 
and upbuilding. 

Mr. De Long was born in Philo, Illinois, 
July 29, 1863, and belongs to that branch 
of the De Long family of which the famous 
Arctic explorer was also a representative. 
His father, C. G. De Long, is a native of 



TPIE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



8i 



New York, his birth having occurred near 
Utica. In Racine, \Msconsin, he wedded 
Edna Moore, a native of Alassachusetts. 
\\ hen bnt a boy he had acconipanieil liis 
parents to Racine and was there educatetl 
in the pubhc schools. He afterward engageii 
in farming and took his bride to the farm 
There lie continued to make his home until 
1863, w hen he removed to Philo, Champaign 
county, Illinois. In that locality he pur- 
chased two hundred acres of very rich and 
productive land and in addition to this he 
owns a large tract of land in the irrigated^ 
section of Colorado. He is a wide-awake 
and enterprising business man whose keen 
discernment and unflagging industry have 
been potent forces in his success. A stanch 
Republican in politics, he does all in his 
power to promote the growth of his party, 
yet has always refused to hold office. He 
belongs to the Presbyterian church and is a 
man of prominence in his community. He 
and his wife have a family of six sons and 
two daughters: George A., a banker, re- 
siding in Foosland, Champaign county ; I". 
B., of Fithian ; Effie, who resides at home 
and formerly was a teacher in the public 
schools; Minnie, the wife of Eugene Burr, 
of Philo, Illinois; C. E.. who carries on 
farming at Rocky Ford, Colorado; Clarence, 
who died at the age of twenty-three years ; 
W. H., who is engaged in the banking and 
grain business at Sadorus, Champaign 
county; and E. B., who is in partnersliip 
with his brother W. H. 

Mr. De Long, whose name introiluces 
this record, pursued his education at home, 
in the public schools of Champaign county 
and in a business college, where he was 
graduated with the class of 1885. In the 
spring of that year he became connected 
with the grain trade at Strawn, Illinois, 



where he remained until the fall of 1886. 
He then came to Vermilion county, settling 
in Fithian, where he embarked in the grain 
business, purchasing and rebuilding the Rob- 
inson elevator. He is still extensively con- 
nected with the grain trade and owns an 
elevator at Bronson, in Oakwood township, 
in addition to the one which he has in Fith- 
ian. .\ man of resourceful business ability 
and energy, however, he has not confined 
his attention to one line of activity, but has 
extended his efforts into other fields. He is 
now engaged in the insurance business and 
he owns a large warehouse well stocked with 
farm implements, his trade in this direction 
being no unimportant one. On the ist of 
May, 1895, he established the Bank of Fith- 
ian, which he still conducts, and it has be- 
come a valued and important financial in- 
stitution of his locality. He owns six hun- 
dred and forty acres of land near Rochester, 
in Fulton county, Indiana, and four hun- 
dred and eighty acres in Regina, Assiniboia, 
Canada. The new interurban system con- 
necting Danville, Urbana and Champaign 
has taken a great deal of Mr. De Long's 
time during the past year as it was due to 
his efiforts that the route now in use was 
chosen. At first it was the intention to bring 
the road from St. Joseph to Homer and then 
along the Wabash Railroad to Danville but 
owing to the activity of Mr. DeLong that 
route was abandoned and the road now fol- 
lows the Big Four Railroad from St. Jos- 
eph to Danville, touching Ogden, Fithian, 
Muncie, Bronson, Oakwood, Bates Town 
and Vermilion Heights. Mr. De Long was 
the man who secured the right of way for 
the company along this route. 

On the 8th of October, 1891, in Fithian, 
was performed the marriage ceremony which 
united the destinies of C. B. De Lone and 



82 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Miss Minnie Berkenbusch, who was born 
in this town Febrnarv 3, 1873, a daughter 
of Henry and Sarah (Stephenson) Berken- 
busch, the former a native of Germany and 
the kitter of Vermilion county. Her parents 
were also married in Filhian and iierc re- 
side. The father was a soUhcr (>i tlie Civil 
war, defending the Union cause, and in poh- 
tics he is now independent. Mrs. De Long, 
their only chikl, has become the mother ol 
two chiklren by her marriage: Rutli, bom 
November 14, 1894; and Ckirencc, born July 

23, 1897- 

In his political views Mr. De Long is a 
Republican, and his fratei-nal relations con- 
nect him with the Modern Woodmen of 
America. He also belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal church and is interested in what- 
ever pertains to the general good along ma- 
terial, social, intellectual and moral lines. 
He has led a very busy life and his marked 
enterprise has made him one of the most 
prosperous residents of his community. He 
has excellent aljility as an organizer, forms 
his plans readily and in their execution is 
determined, prompt and reliable. This en- 
ables him to conquer obstacles which would 
deter almost any man, and it has been one 
of the salient features in his success. 



GUS M. GREENEBAUM. 

In past ages the history of a country 
was the record of wars and conquests; to- 
day it is the record of commercial activity, 
and those whose names are foremost in its 
annals are the leaders in business circles. 
The conquests now made are those of mind 
over matter, not of man over man. and the 
victor is he who can successfully estal)lish. 



conlrnl and operate extensive commercial 
interests. Gus M. Greenebaum is one oi 
the strong and inlluential men whose lives 
have become an essential part of the history 
of \'crmilion county. Tireless energ)-, keen 
perception, honesty of purpose, genius for 
devising and executing the right thing al 
the right time, joined to every-day common 
sense, guided by great will power, are the 
chief characteristics of the man. He is now 
closely connected with various important 
mercantile interests of Danville and his ef- 
forts in this direction have contributed 
largely to the commercial prosperity and 
upbuilding of this state, in fact a large ma- 
jority of the citizens here would give to 
]Mr. Greenebaum the credit for the increased 
acti\ity which ])an\ille has enjoyed in busi' 
ness circles in recent years. 

Mr. Greenebaum is a native of Chicago 
— the city marvelous. He was born Sep- 
tember 21, 1863. and is a son of ]\Iichae'. 
Greenebaum. who in 1846 removed from 
Xew York to Chicago and for ma^iy years 
conducted a large wholesale hardware busi- 
ness there, becoming a leading merchant of 
that city. He was also the founder and 
president of the Zion Literary Society, 
which was organized in May, 1887, and was 
well known as a proprietor of many enter- 
prises that contributed to the general good 
along material, intellectual and moral lines. 
He married Sarah Spcigcl, a sister of Col- 
onel M. ]\1. Speigel, of Ohio, and the> 
reareil a family of ten children, of whom 
the subject of this review is the seventh 
child. ?ilichael Greenebaum departed this 
life in 1894. at the age of seventy-one years, 
and his wife died in 1897 at the age of 
sixty-nine years. 

Educated in the public schools of his 
native citv Gus M. Greenebaum completed 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



83 



his course in tiie West Division high school, 
with the class of 1879. He then entered the 
employ of his father in the wholesale hard- 
ware business in Chicago, where he con- 
tinued until 1S90, when he became asso- 
ciated with Charles Friend, under the firm 
name of Friend, Greenebaum & Company 
in the conduct of a commission house. They 
dealt in wool and leather, carrying on busi- 
ness until April, 1897, when on account of 
ill health Mr. Greenebaum withdrew from 
the firm and removed to Danville. Here 
he purchased an interest in the store of 
Ike Stern & Company, dealers in clothing 
and men's furnishing goods. He became 
secretary and treasurer of the company and 
in May, 1902, he purchased the interest of 
A. Appel in the store and also became Mr. 
Appel's successor in the Danville Depart- 
ment store. These two large stores were 
then consolidated in 1903 with Mr. Greene- 
baum as president and active manager, and 
the business is now occupying enlarged 
quarters, fronting on both West Main and 
Vermilion streets, covering sixty-five thou- 
sand feet of floor space. This arrangement 
makes a high grade department store as 
large as any found outside the city of Chi- 
cago. It is the outgrowth of a business 
established thirty years ago by Ike Stern, 
who died in 1897. I" the enlargement and 
control of this enterprise Mr. GreeneDaum 
has displayed splendid business ability, keen 
discrimination, sound judgment and execu- 
tive force. 

In the spring of 1899 our subject was 
elected president of the Chamber of Com- 
merce and has been re-elected each year since. 
During this time the organization has dou- 
bled its membership and has been a most 
important factor in the progress of Dan- 
ville during these years. By his renomina- 



tion Mr. Greenebaum was complimented as 
one of Dan\-i lie's most popular and enter- 
prising business men. On account of addi- 
tional business duties that have recently de- 
volved upon him he desired to retire fron: 
the presidency but his ser\-ices were consid- 
ered so valuable that the members of the 
organization felt that they could not dis- 
pense with them and he was urged to remain 
in the ofiice. The Chamber of Commerce 
has indeed done much for the city and great 
credit is due our subject, who, though con- 
trolling extensive interests in other direc- 
tions, has given much of his time and atten- 
tion to the performance of the duties of the 
ofiice. The business men of Danville com- 
posing the membership of the Chamber of 
Commerce knew of no one likely to make 
as good a president and despite his urgent 
j-equest to be permitted to retire he was re- 
nominated in 1902 without a dissenting 
voice. It is safe to say that he will keep 
the Chamber of Commerce up to its present 
high standard and that it will coninue to 
be an active factor in the development of 
the commercial possibilities of this city. He 
is also the national vice-president of the 
Good Roads Assocation of Illinois, to which 
position he was re-elected for two years' 
service. He is also one of the promoters 
of the Danville, Paxton & Northern Inter- 
urltan Electric line and was a member of its 
first board of directors. 

On the 7th of September, 1886, occurred 
the marriage of Mr. Greenebaum and :Miss 
Leah Friend, a daughter of Nathan Friend, 
of Chicago. Their union has been blessed 
with three children : James, and Harold 
and Robert, who are twins. In his social 
relations Mr. Greenebaum is connected with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks ; Chicago Lodge, No. 437, F. & A. M. ; 



84 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Iroquois Lodge, Xo. Sj, of the Xational 
Union of Chicago. Reared amid the spirit 
of business activity and enterprise, wiiicli 
has led to the wonderful development of 
Chicago, he became imbued with that spirit 
and has infused it into the business life of 
his adopted city. Mr. (jrccnehaum has made 
good use of his opportunities, he has pros- 
pered form year to year, and has conducted 
all business matters carefully and success- 
fully, and in all his acts displays an apti- 
tude for successful management. He ha.' 
not permitted the accumulation of a com- 
petence to affect in any way his actions 
toward those less successful than he. and 
has always a cheerful word and ])lcasant 
smile for all whom he comes in contact. 



ALBA HOXEYWELL. 

.\ witness of many and a participant in 
some of the ad\-entures which have found 
their way to the pages of hi.story during 
mure than three-([uarters of a centurv of 
the world's ]jrogress. Alba Honeywell is en- 
titled to distinction and to honorable men- 
tion in the record of \'ermilion county. He 
came here in pioneer times and from the 
primiti\-e past to the progressive present he 
has lal)ored earnestly and effectively toward 
the prdniotiun of the best interests and the 
substantial development of this part of the 
state. Long has he resided in Hoopeston, 
an honored patriarch of the community. To 
bim there has cume the attainment of a dis- 
tinguished position in connection with the 
extensixe business interests of the commun- 
ity and in controlling such he has become 
one of the real upbuilders of the town. 

A native of ("avuga countv. Xew 'N'drk. 



Mr. Honeywell was born December 15, 1821. 
.and his father, Enc^ch Honeywell, was born 
in Westchester county, Xew \'ork, in 1787. 
His educati(;n was largely acquired in that 
county and upon approaching manhood he 
engaged in the manufacture of patent wheel 
beads for spinning. This proved a very 
paying enterprise. With marked business 
foresight he realized the future of the west 
and that a man w ho hatl enterprise enough to 
take ad\antage of the opportunities there 
might att.ain to a position of marked afflu- 
ence. Accordingly, in 1816, he made his 
way into Indiana and entered one hundred 
and si.xty acres of wild land, embracing the 
present site of the city of Terre Haute, where 
he estalilished a h(5me and lived for several 
years until malaria drove bim awav. In the 
meantime he engaged in farming and ship- 
ping pork, sending his boxes by way of Xew 
Orleans to Xew York city, often going with 
his merchandise himself. He subsequently 
located in Cayuga count}-, Xew York, and 
engaged in chair making, lixing there until 
1S36, when he went on a farm in Steuben 
county, Xew "\"ork, where he made his home 
until his death in 1887. He was a man of 
marked mentality and of consideral)le liter- 
ary ability. Lnder more favorable circum- 
stances be woukl have distinguised himself 
in the world of letters, being a ready writer 
of both ])rose and ])oetrv. He looked upon 
life from a broad humanitarian standpoint, 
recognized the inlluences which were help- 
ful to mankind and those which were detri- 
mental, favoring with fidelity the former ami 
working with strong opposition to the latter. 
He opposed slavery and slave traffic and he 
also was directly opposed to Masonry and 
other secret societies. He was an agitator 
of public thought and inlluenced the same 
tj a great extent, doing bis best to arouse 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



87 



the ]:)eople to a realization of the true situa- 
tion concerning elements or interests that 
were derogatory to the pui>lic welfare. He 
never sought political office, however, nor 
desired any honors of such a character. In 
early manhood he was a member of the Bap- 
tist church, i)Ut becoming dissatisfied with 
the faith of the church in regard to the slav- 
ery cjuestion he left it and became identified 
with the W'esleyan ]\Iethodist, remaining a 
de\'oted member of that denomination until 
his death, \\hich occurred in New York on 
the 14th of January, 1887, when he had 
reached the advanced age of ninety-nine 
years. His death resulted from an accident. 
He had retained his faculties to a remarkable 
degree and even in extreme old age he was a 
man of marked infiuence, laboring untiring- 
ly for the welfare of his fellow men. An ex- 
tensi\"e newspaper contributor, his vie^vs 
were wideh' read thrnughout the country 
and he also published many pamphlets at his 
own expense. He appealed to the hearts 
and minds of his fellow men in relation to 
their ethical duties, and who can measure the 
influences of such a life? Tennyson has 
said that our echoes "roll from soul to soul" 
and "grow forever and forever" and in the 
impetus which Mr. Honeywell ga\'e to tlie 
realization of man's duty is undoubtedly felt 
to-day in the li\'es of those witii whom he 
came in contact. He married Eliza Dye, a 
native of Rhode Island, who passed away 
about 1866. when seventy-four years of age. 
In their family were three children of whom 
the subject of this review was the eldest. 
Gilbert Honeywell is now a resident of 
Schuyler county. New York, while Emma 
became the wife of a 'Sir. Fenna and lives 
upon the home farm in Scliuyler county. 

.Alba Honeywell was a youth of twelve 
years when with his parents he removed to 
that section of Steuben county. New York, 



which is now included within the boundaries 
of Schuyler county, that state. His pre- 
liminary educati<in, acquired in the common 
schools, ^vas supplemented by academic 
study and he completed his education in the 
Oneida Insfitute near Utica, where he had 
the benefit of instruction from the noted re- 
former and theologian. Rev. Beriah Green, 
who was then presif^lent of the school and 
later spent se\'eral years in lecturing on tem- 
perance and anti-slavery, while his periodic- 
als concerning reforms weve widely read at 
that time. iMr. Honeywell began teaching, 
his services being employed in the common 
schools and academies. He had become im- 
bued with the liatred of slavery because of 
the belief an<l teachings of his father and 
also of his honored instructor, and he was 
among the first to actix'ely eng-age in the abo- 
lition mo\'ement. He served as a delegate 
to the Buffalo convention which nominated 
James G. Birney for the presidential candi- 
date of the Liberal or Abolition party. He 
subsequently read law in the office of Gilbert 
& Osborne, prominent atturneys of Rochest- 
er, New York. During those years he made 
the acquaintance of many eminent men, in- 
cluding Gerritt Smith, William Goodell. .\1- 
van Stewart and others interested in the anti- 
slavery movement. 

Upon leaving Rochester Mr. Honeywell 
remo\'ed to New "\'ork cit}' and became editor 
of the New York Eagle. Subsequently he 
was an active factor in the American Anti- 
slavery Society, of New York city, and was 
for four years the sub-editor of the Anti- 
slavery Standard, but ill health at length 
comjielled him to put aside his work in this 
connection. He had during this time be- 
come ac(|uainte<l with Wendell I'hillips, Fred 
Douglas, William Lloyd Garrison, James 
Russell Lowell. Sidney Howard f}ray and 
many other men of that time who for the 



88 



THE BIOGRAPPIICAL RECORD 



sake of tlieir principles suffered to a large 
extent ostracism from society, but the aboli- 
tional sentiment was growing, i)romulgated 
by such men as these. They became still 
more deeply rooted in their principles be- 
cause of the opposition which they received, 
and although Mr. Honeywell was called to 
other fields of labor he rejoiced in the fact 
that the anti-slavery cause moved trium- 
phantly on and that victory finally crowned 
the labors of the men with whom he had 
formerly been associated in the work. 

The spring of 1853 witnessed the arrival 
of our subject in Iroquois county, Illinois. 
The broad west with its opportunities at- 
tracted him and on the 14th of April he 
stepped from the packet boat at Lafayette. 
It is hardly possible for the traveler to-day 
to realize what was the condition of the coun- 
try fifty years ago. The people were then 
talking of the Wabash Railroad, but no steam 
car line made its way in this section of the 
state. Mr. Honeywell located in Iroquois 
county, purcliasing one thousand acres of 
land in what is now Stockland township. 
There he resided for three years, during 
\\hich time he made improvements upon his 
farm and he also purchased an additional 
tract of four hundred acres. While extend- 
ing his agricultiu-al interests he also engaged 
in teaching and he utilized every available 
opportunity during this ]5eriod to promul- 
gate the anti-slavery sentiments which were 
already gaining many adherents in Illinois — 
the state which was to give to the nation tlie 
great emancipator. In the spring of 1856. 
accompanied by his family, Mr. Honeywell 
started for the territory of Minnesota. He 
arri\'ed in Chicago during Tremont's cam- 
paign and became associated with the Chica- 
go News, which was edited and controlled 
by the Republican element. The party was 
th.at vear or"'anizefl and named. ;uiil it was 



one of the journals which brought it into 
prominence before the country. 

Mr. Honeywell spent that winter in Chi- 
cago, and in the spring of 1857 he removed 
to Logansport, Indiana, where he turned his 
attention to other business affairs, becoming 
a manufacturer of and dealer in lumber. 
He also taught school for several years in 
that place and in Lafayette. In the mean- 
time he watched with interest the growth of 
the abolition sentiment and rejoiced in the 
victories which came to the Union arms after 
the Ci\il war was inaugurated. During the 
progress of the war he was offered the ap- 
pointment of adjutant in the army, but cir- 
cumstances prevented him from accepting it 
and in 1863 he returned to his farm in Iro- 
quois county. While proceeding with the 
improxcment of his land he also became pro- 
minent in ]nil)lic affairs. He served as town- 
ship supervisor continuously until 1869, 
when he was elected county clerk for four 
years, acting in that capacity luitil 1873. In 
1871 he purchased land on the present site 
of Hoopeston and at the close of his term of 
office he removed with the family to this 
place, having assisted in laying out the town. 
He was also instnunental in securing the 
extension of the Chicago railroad into this 
place and it was through his aid that the 
town grew and bec.ime prosperous. During 
his official service as mayor he labored un- 
tiringly for the city's substantial ui)building 
and improvement along lines that would con- 
tribute nut only to the present good but to 
its future dexelopment. He made two sub- 
divisions and he still controls the sale of 
lots. He has been deeply interested in every 
movement of measure for the general wel- 
fare and in the introduction of all business 
interests which have contributed to the sub- 
stantial upbuilding of Hoopeston. He as- 
sisted in the organization of the sugar and 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



89 



canning factories located here^aiul was con- 
nected with tlieni until tliey became self- 
supporting business institutions-, expending 
in their behalf five thousand dollars, from 
which he received no return. 

For many years Mr. Honeywell contin- 
ued his agricultural etYorts, owning nearly 
one thousand acres of land adjoining the city 
of Hoopeston. He reclaimed this for pur- 
poses of cultivation, his labors proving of 
direct benefit to the community, because his 
efforts caused a material rise in land values. 
He was one of the founders of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Watseka. anil has been con- 
nected with the institution as a stockholder 
and director for more than thirty years. He 
has also invested extensively in lands in other 
states, having several hundred acres together 
with a fine orange grove in Florida, and he 
frecpiently spends the winter in the sunny 
south. Now he is oumer of about three 
thousand acres of land, much of it rich and 
valuable, in Iroquois, Vermilion, Cook, 
Lake and Scott counties, Illinois, and in 
Lake and ]\Iarion counties, Florida. He 
also has an interest in a canning factory at 
Ludington, [Michigan, and a fruit farm there, 
representing an investment of many thou- 
sands of dollars. He owns the hotel at 
Higiana Springs, Indiana, and an elegant 
summer home at Lake Bluff, north of Chica- 
go, in addition to his sumptuous and attrac- 
tive residence in Floopeston and much other 
city property. He also has investments in 
Cuba. 

On the 3d of April, 1851, in Schuyler 
county. New York, Mr. Honeywell was uni- 
ted in marriage to Miss Cornelia Andrews, 
a daughter of Dr. Andon Andrews. She 
was born at Sodus Bay on Lake Ontario in 
1829, and lived there and in Yates county, 
New York, until her marriage. Four chil- 
dren blessed this union : Estella, the wife of 



John C. Cromer, by whom she has one son, 
Alba, naiued in honor of his grandfather, 
with whon: Mrs. Cromer resides ; Floraice 
Andrews, who is the wife of A. H. Trego, 
of Hoopeston, and who possesses consider- 
able talent as an artist, having taught both 
portrait and landscape painting prior to her 
marriage; Lillie Amelia, who is the wife of 
Dr. Thomas Allen Beal, a Methodist min- 
ister: and Sarah Eliza, the wife of A. M. 
Earl, M. D., of Lincoln, Nebraska. 

From the organization of the Republi- 
can party until 1884, Mr. Honeywell con- 
tinued one of its stanch advocates. He then 
became identified with the Prohibition party, 
having always been a warm friend of the 
cause of temperance. He is a man of de- 
cided views and influence, fearless in their 
expression, yet not bitterly agressive, and he 
commands uniform respect and confidence 
wherever he is known. He thoroughly en- 
joys home life and takes great pleasure in 
the society of his family and friends. 
Courteous, kindly and affable, those who 
know him jiersonally have for him a warm 
regard and what he has done for the de- 
velopment of this part of the state canjiot 
be over-estimated. ^Vhile he has controlled 
extensive and important private business in- 
terests which have continually enchanced his 
indi\'idual prosperity, he has at the same time 
promoted the general welfare and the public 
success. He was at one time greatly in- 
terested in the Pittman system of phonetic 
printing and shorthand. He was editorially 
associated with Andrew and Boyle in 1848, 
and in the Anglo-Saxon, a newspaper in 
New York city, advocating the phonetic re- 
form, and printed wholly in the new type ad- 
vocated. He is also the author of several 
works, the largest of which (yet unpub- 
lished) is an exhaustive treatise on language, 
embracing all its departments from element- 



90 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



ary phonetics to rlietoric and logic — in all, 
eleven hooks. Mr. Honeywell also wrote 
and staged several plays in younger years, in 
which plays he has appeared in character. 
There are few men who occupy as e.xalted a 
position in the regard of their fellow towns- 
men and citizens as does Alba Honeywell, not 
because of his splendid success, though that 
would entitle him to consideration for it has 
been achieved honorably and it has also been 
of financial benefit to the community, indi- 
rectly, but because of his sterling qualities of 
manhood, because of his dee]) interest in the 
oppressed, because of his hatred of vice and 
bis love of all that is good, because of his 
sympathy for his fellow men who labor under 
many of the hardships of the existing con- 
ditions of life. His time, thought and effort 
have e\-er been gi\-en to the amelioration of 
such conditions and for this reason he de- 
serves the gratitude of his fellow men. 



SEYMER G. WILSON. 

This is the history of my life. I do not 
know of any special act connected with the 
making of the history of this county that 1 
can lay claim to, but as you have asked for 
it I will comply with your request: 

T was born on the ist day of March, 1858, 
in Pickaway county, Ohio. Aly father's 
name was John H. Wilson. Jr., the son of 
John H. Wilson, Sr., who was the son of 
James Wilson, a soldier of the Revolution- 
ary war. He was an Irishman. i\Iy father's 
mother's people were Morgans, the origina! 
of whom came to this country from Eng- 
land in the days of the colonies. They set- 
tled in Virginia. The original ancestor of 
my father, on this side of the family, was 
at the time that he reached America a boy. 
and was immeuiatch' let out to learn a trade 



on a si.x }-ears' a]jprenticeship: before his 
time was half through he ran away from his 
master, joined \\'ashington"s army, re- 
mained with the same until the close of the 
war and was rewarded thereafter with a 
section of land not far from the White Sul- 
phur Springs. \'irginia. The Morgans were 
well represented in the war for independ- 
ence and also every other war that this coun- 
try has ever had. John Alorgan, of Rebel 
fame, was a relative of my father. 

(^n my mother's side I am German, her 
family ha\-ing come to this country from 
Frankfort, Germany, where many relatives 
of hers now li\'e. She was twelve years old 
before she could speak a word of English. 
Her father, Jacob ]\Iiesse, is now li\ing in 
iSiobles\ille. Indiana, at the age of ninety- 
four. 

I came with ni}- parents in October, 1864, 
to this county, and settled on the Eight Mile 
prairie, in what is known as "The Fairchild 
settlement." Father was a farmer, and here 
he followed that calling until the year 1876, 
when he moved to a farm fi\e miles north- 
east- of Rossville, this county. The farm 
was raw prairie, and here I broke, that 
spring, with one three-horse plow ninety 
acres of prairie sod, and killed twenty-seven 
rattlesnakes. IMy parents are now living re- 
tired in the village of Rossville. , 

I ha\'e one lirother, Jacob Wilson, a suc- 
cessful merchant in Ross\-ille, this county. 
I have two sisters, namely ; Mariah, who 
became the wife of L. D. Lane, of this coun- 
ty, and died in 1888: and Matilda, now the 
wife of Henry Bell, of TitTin, Ohio. 

.\s already gathered from this article, 
my earl\- life was spent on the farm, where I 
did e\'ery kind of hard work known to the 
calling. In those days I felt that farming 
was the hardest work in the world : I have 
since learned that children know hut little 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



93 



of the trials of life. As a child I was sickly, 
and I now firmly believe that if my child- 
hood days had been spent in the city, I never 
would have reached maturity. It was open 
outdoor exercise that I needed and father 
gave it to me in abundance. In those days 
we were \ery poor and usually moved ever\- 
year from one rented farm to another. 

My schooling was obtained in the conn- 
try district schools, I never ha\-ing attended 
any other kind of school in my life except 
one summer term of normal school in Dan- 
ville, and the greater part of what education 
I have, I acquired as a teacher ; having 
taught school in country districts from 1878 
to 1882, during a part of which time I read 
law with Mann, Calhoun and Frazier, of 
Dan-,'ille, staying in their office in the sum- 
mer time and teaching in the winter. I was 
admitted to practice law in the summer of 
1882, and at about the same time was ap- 
pointed a government clerk at Washington, 
District of Columbia, where I remained for 
fi\'e years ; and while there took a course in 
the National Law L'niversity, of that city, 
graduating therefrom with the degree of 
RLaster of Laws. I came to Danville m the 
winter of 1888, hung out a shingle and com- 
menced to hustle with the county lawyers 
for business. I was elected state's attorney of 
this county in 1892, and was re-elected in 
1896, being the first, and so far, the only 
state's attorney that e\'er succeeded himself 
in that office in the history of the county. 
During that time I tried some remarkable 
criminal cases, and also acted for the cnunty 
in the celebrated "Gerrymander case," 
brought by Democrats against the Republi- 
can re-districting of the state following the 
election of 1892. 

At present I am engaged in the private 
practice of law, and am well satisfied with 
my practice and the success I have obtained 



therein. J belie\-e that any man with good 
common sense can by devotion make a go(id 
law}-er — there is nothing difficult about it. 

I was appointed counsel to Magdeljurg, 
Germany, in 1900, by President McKinley, 
but was unable on account of business affairs 
to accept the position. 

In December, T893, I was married to 
Gertrude ^^^^llace Kent, daughter of John 
W. Kent and Catharine Wallace Kent. 
Her father was a son of Perrin Kent, 
one of the first settlers of the W'abash val- 
ley ; a man of strength of character, 
a farmer, a soldier of the war of 1812, a de- 
fender of Fort Stephenson, Ohio, and was 
with Flarrison at the Thames, Canada. He 
was also a surveyor, helping in the survey of 
the boundary line between Illinois and In- 
diana. His ancestry was colonial, his 
father being a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war. Her father is still living, at the age of 
eighty, in the city of Danville. He was a 
successful farmer and stock-raiser, having 
accumulated a large fortune at the business. 
Her mother's people are Americans for many 
generations back ; her mother's father being 
one of the first settlers of Edgar county, 
this state. 

In politics I am a Republican, and frater- 
nally I am a member of the Knights of Py- 
thias, of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and a Mason of the Blue 
Lodge, Royal Arch Chapter and the Com- 
mandery. 

I make no claims of being an orator, but 
feel that I can express my thoughts in a fair- 
ly clear and forcible manner; have now and 
then been called upon to deliver Decoration 
day addresses. Fourth of July orations and 
political speeches ; also while state's attorney 
collected data for a lecture, entitled "Crime 
and Criminals," that I have delivered with 
modest pride to myself. 



94 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Financially I liave been fairly successful, 
and am one of the directors of the Commer- 
cial Trust and Savings Bank of Danville. 

I can only further say, that with me life 
has been a continually active battle; what 
help I have had is such as has come from my 
own exertions, and such as any one can have 
if they will go after it with the proper amount 
of determination. The people have been 
good to me, fate has been good to me and I 
know of no reason why I should not be well 
satisfied with the course of my life. 

S. G. Wilson. 



GEORGE G. S^IITH. 

Through si.xty-three years George G. 
Smith has been a witness of the growth and 
development of this portion of Illinois and 
as a result of his business enterprise and 
activity he is tu-day the owner of two hun- 
dred and forty acres of valuable land, all 
well tiled and improved, being supplied 
wilh modern equipments and machinery. 
He has a substantial home and good barns, 
his place being located on section 33, Blomi 
township. 

]\Ir. Smith is a native of Ohio, born in 
Scioto county, August 31, 1829, his par 
ents being Isaac and Sarah (Glaze) Smith, 
who were natives of Virginia and Germany, 
a C(.)\-ered \\agon drawn b}' horses for Ver- 
milion county, where he arrived in safety 
after a long and tedious trip. He found here 
an unbroken prairie tract over which ran 
prairie wolves, while wild turkeys, prairie 
chickens, cranes and ducks could be had in 
abundance. The Indians had just left the 
district. ^Ir. Smith was accompanied by 
his wife and foin- children. He entered 
eighty acres of wild land for one dollar and 
twenty-five cents per acre and immediately 



Ijegan breaking and improving his farm. Ht 
hired some one to make rails with which to 
fence his land and in true pioneer style he 
began the raising of grain and stock on the 
western prairies, his market being Chicago, 
which was then but a village. Danville 
contained but one or two stores and a few 
houses. Upon the old homestead farm the 
father rcmainetl until his death. The nuither 
of our subject passed away in 1848, leaving 
four children, and the father afterward 
wedded .Mary Blackinship, who died in 1863, 
and two years later his death dccurred, when 
he was about sixty-five years of age. Both 
of the parents of our subject were devoted 
members of the Baptist church. George G. 
was the thinl of their fi\-e children, Init onh- 
two are now living, his younger brother 
being John H. Smith, of California. Those 
who have passed away are William A., J^Irs. 
Mary J. Lanliam and Martha. 

In the district schools George G. Smith 
pursued his education, attending subscrip- 
tion school, which was held in a log build- 
ing. Through the months of winter he 
sat upon a slab bench and studied from text 
books which were almost as elementary as 
the furnishings. In the summer months 
he worked upon the home farm and thus 
his time was alternately de\-oted to study 
and work until he attained his majority. 
He then began working on his own account 
as a farm hand through the winter and in 
the summer he drove a breaking team, re- 
ceiving seven dollars per month for his ser- 
vices. Sa\ing all his money he was thus 
enabled after a time to purchase forty acres 
of land for which he paid two hundred and 
seventy-five dollars. This tract was par- 
tially improved and with this to give him 
a start he entered upon the task of making 
a home of his own. He was married March 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



95 



25, 1852, at the age of twenty-three years 
to Ehza Fairchild, who was born February 
27, 1833, and is a daughter of Daniel and 
Lucy (Hemingway) Fairchild, early set- 
tlers of Blount township, her father being 
a local preacher. She was the second in 
order of birth. 

After his marriage Mr. Smith continued 
to engage in farming and stock-raising 
keeping cattle, horses and hogs. In pioneer 
times he plowed with a wooden mold board 
and drove his horses with a single line. 
Afterward to cultivate his land he used, a 
single-shovel plow and cut his grain with 
a sickle until that implement was super- 
ceded by the cradle. In 1844 he hauled a 
load of oats to Chicago, starting with se\' 
enty-five bushels and driving three yoke of 
oxen. On reaching his destination he sold 
his oats for twenty-five cents per bushel and 
purchased a load of salt for which he paid 
twenty-five cents a pound. He was absen 
on the trip for fifteen days. There was not 
a bridge between his house and Chicago and 
he had to ford the rivers, crossing the creek 
at Kankakee and Momence. At nights he 
camped out and thus in course of time his 
journey was completed. Chicago was but 
a village and gave little promise of its future 
wonderful development. Cook stoves ha('. 
not then been introduced and Mr. Smith 
well remembers how johnny cake was baked 
upon a board in the fire place. He has also 
seen flint and tow used in starting a fire 
before matches were invented and he has 
helped to shear the sheep in order to secure 
the wool for clothing, only homemade gar- 
ments being used by the family in that time. 
In the summer the mother spun the flax 
for the garments used in that season and 
wool f(_ir the winter clothing and homemade 
shoes were also worn. Church services were 



held in the groves and lighted candles were 
fastened upon the bushes while campfires 
were often used to give light. Mr. Smith 
would often borrow fire from the neighbors 
when their own fire would go out. He has 
made rails at fifty cents per hundred and 
performed other work at an e([ually low 
price. 

L'Uto Mr. and Mrs. Smith were born 
nine children : Elizabeth, the wife of George 
M. Wilson, of Vermilion county, ])y whom 
she has three children: John E., who wed- 
ded Mary Tirebaugh, and died leaving a 
widow and five children; Elias D., who 
wedded Clarissa Smith, who passed away 
leaving three children; Marshall M., who 
married Lillie, a daughter of Noah Young, 
and they ha\e two children and make their 
home in Indiana; Wesley C, who married 
Emma Sperry, by whom he has one child ; 
Sarah, who is with her parents; Eva, the 
wife of Andy Lanham, by whom she has 
three children; W. G., at home; and J, ().. 
who married Jessie Stone and has two chil- 
dren. They reside in Potomac. 

For twelve consecutive years Mr. Smith 
has iield the office of supervisor and for fwo 
years he was collector, for three years com- 
missioner of highways, and for twenty 
years a school director. He to-day owns 
one of the best farms of the county and all 
that he possesses has been acquired through 
his own efforts and the assistance of his 
estimable wife, who has indeed proved to 
him a faithful companion and helpmate on 
life's journey. He has never had a law suit 
but has ever lived peaceably with his fellow 
men and has enjoyed the unqualified re- 
spect of his entire community. He is now 
living retired in his comfortable farm home, 
his land being rented, and he well merits 
the rest which has come to him. 



96 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



CHARLES L. ENGLISH. 

One of tlie most active and liest known 
of the financiers of the city of Danville and 
of the eastern section of the state is Charles 
L. English, president of the First National 
Bank; an institution which is recognized as 
being among the leading banking concerns 
of the state. Mr. English was born in Per- 
rysville, Indiana, July 15, 1S46, and is a son 
of Joseph G. English, who is mentioned on 
another page of this work. With !iis parents 
he came to Danville in 1S54, being then a lad 
of eight years, and here his entire life has 
since been passed. Entering the pul)lic 
schools of the city he continued to pursue 
his studies therein until he entered De Pauw 
LTniversity at Asbury, Indiana, where he 
spent one year. 

In April, 1864, when not yet eighteen 
years of age, Mr. English enlisted for the 
defense of the Union as a member of Com- 
paii}- K. One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Illi- 
nois Infantry, for the term of one hundred 
days, and in October following recei\'ed an 
honorable discharge. The same patriotic de- 
votion to the general good of his country has 
characterized his entire life, always having at 
heart the best interests of his state and na- 
tion. 

For thirteen years Mr. English was en- 
gagerl in the grain trade and also furnished 
lumber and railroad supplies under contract. 
In this enterprise he was associated with 
Colonel L. T. Dickason, now of Chicago, 
and their business grew in volume and im- 
portance until their trade assumed extensive 
proportions, they having at times several 
hundred men in their employ. 

In 1867 Mr. English became identified 
with the First National Bank, of which he is 
now president. It was not, however, until 
iR8j th;it he began to de\-ote his time almost 



e.\clusi\ely to the bank. For a number of 
years he occupied the position of cashier, 
later became vice president and is now the 
head of the institution, having been elected 
president in 1899, upon the retirement of his 
father, who had served in that capacity for 
many years. Under his capable manage- 
ment the business of the bank has increased 
until it is now one of the most important 
financial concerns of the state. -Its success is 
certainly due in a large measure to our sub- 
ject and since under his control the capital 
stock has been increased from fifty thousand 
to one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, 
while the sur])lus has grown from forty 
tb.nus;md to ime hundred and fift_\- thousand 
dollars, with additional profits of fift}- thou- 
sand dollars. Mr. English has gi\-en his best 
energies to the advancement of this institu- 
tion and is iniiformlv regarded as the lead- 
ing financier in this part of the state. 

In 1883 Mr. English was united in mar- 
riage to Miss A. O'liara, of Anderson. Indi- 
ana, and unto them have been born two chil- 
dren : Benjamin Charles, who is now a 
stuilent in the Culver Military Academy; 
and Daniel, at home. 

Politically Mr. English is a Republican, 
and. wliile interested in politics so far as 
])ertains to general government, he is not 
and has never been a politician in the com- 
mon acceptation of the term. His business 
interests and his mental training have not 
been in that direction. Socially he is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, and is deeply 
interested in the principals of the order — the 
oldest fraternal organization in existence. 
As a citizen he is interested in e\'erything 
pertaining to the general good, and he has 
been found a supporter of many public enter- 
]irises and charitable in^itutions, giving his 
intluence as well as his means for their ad- 
\-ancement. In Iiusiness affairs he is ener- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



99 



getic, notably reliable and prompt in meeting 
every obligation and engagement. He has 
a genins for devising and executing the right 
thing at the right time, and he regards no 
business detail as too unimportant to claim 
his attention. His success in all his under- 
takings has been so inarked that his methods 
are of interest to the commercial world. He 
has based his business principles and actions 
upon strict adherence to the rules which 
govern industry and strict unswerving integ- 
rity. His keen perception and honesty of 
purpose are counted among his chief char- 
acteristics and have contributed in large 
measure to the splendid success which has 
crowned his efforts. 



MICHAEL \\'EA\'ER. 

Michael Weaver was an honored citizen 
of X^ermilion county who might be termed 
uni(|ue on account of certain characteristics. 
These, however, were such as might well 
be followcfl. They concerned his treatment 
of his fellow men. his conduct being guided 
by the strictest principles of honesty am', 
integrity. He was born in Washington 
county, Maryland, near Hagerstown, and 
was a son of German parents who emigrated 
to America prior to the Revolutionary war. 
In the family were three brothers. The 
father died when Michael Weaver was but 
a small Ijoy and his mother afterward mar- 
ried again and removed witli the family to 
North Carolina, but Michael Weaver ran 
away from home when but ten years of age 
and joined a cattle drover's outfit with 
which he returned to Maryland, where still 
lived his elder brothers. From that time 
on he made 'his own way in the world. It 



seems almost strange that a boy starting 
out so young in life and with no home sur- 
roundings should have de\eloped the strong, 
sturdy and upright mankind which was 
characteristic of Michael Weaver. Not 
long after he had attained his majority he 
wedded Mary Elizabeth Specard of Hagers- 
town, Maryland, and about a year later they 
removed to Pennsylvania, where they spent 
the winter with his sister. 

They then made their way down the 
Ohio river to Kentucky, where j\lr. Weaver 
purchased a farm 'and lived for three years. 
He then crossed the river into Clermon. 
county, Ohio, becoming one of its early set- 
tlers, and in 1818 he removed to Brown 
county, that state, where he purchased a 
tract of land which he cleared and devel- 
oped into a fine farm. 

Upon that property he made his home 
until 1828. when in a big covered wagon he 
started westward in company with his wife 
and nine children. Their destination was 
Sugar Creek, Indiana, but. not being pleased 
with the country in that locality, they con- 
tinued on their way until they reached \^er- 
milion county, Illinois, when a settlement 
was made in what is now Carroll townshij 
Mr. Weaver entered land from the govern- 
ment and at once commenced its cultivation 
and improvement. He had to go to Pales- 
tine in order to make the entry. These were 
pioneer times for Vermilion county was 
then almost upon the borders of civiliza- 
tion. It was, indeed, a frontier settlement, 
having few of the advantages and comforts 
of the older east. At first it was necessary to 
go to a small place in Indiana in order to do 
trading. Later the members of the family 
went to Chicago for muslins, buttons, sugar, 
lumber and in fact almost everything needed 
about the household. Indians were still 



lOO 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



numerous in this part of tlie countr_\', hut 
gave no trouble to the settlers. At the time 
the Weaver family arrived and took up 
their abode in Carroll township they found 
that another settler had built a fittle cabin 
upon the place. It contained two rooms 
with a kitchen built on and in this the famil\ 
of eleven took up their abode, but as soon 
as opportunity afforded Mr. Weaver erected 
a more commodious residence. Game of 
all kinds was plentiful, venison was a fre- 
quent dish upon the pioneer taljlc and prairie 
chickens and turkeys furnished many a 
meal. \\'olves were often seen and fre- 
quently killed by the settlers and there were 
many other evidences of the wild condition 
of the country. Mr. Weaver always followed 
farming and stock-raising and in due course 
of time he gained for himself a comfortable 
competence. 

Unto our subject and his wife were 
born eleven children, nine of whom reached 
years of maturity : Mary, who is the widow 
of Benjamin Baum, and is now living ir 
Indianola at the age of ninety-two years ; 
Jane, the widow of David Fisher, who is 
living with her son, Michael, in Indianola, 
at the age of ninety years ; Catherine, the 
widow of Charles W. Baum auu a resident 
of Indianola at the age of eighty-five years ; 
Louisa, who is the wife of James Gaines 
of Edgar county, Illinois, and is seventy- 
seven years of age; Sarah, the deceased wife 
of Samuel Baum; John and Elijah who 
have also passed away ; Clara, the deceased 
wife of Isaac Fisher; and Nancy, the de- 
ceased wife of John Cole. 

Michael Weaver lived to be more than 
one hundred years of age and his wife passed 
away at the age of eighty-eight. She wa; 
a member of the Methodist church and an 
earnest Christian woman. In politics Mr. 



Weaver was a Whig, but never took an 
active part in political work or sought office. 
He was a self-made man, successful in his 
business although his methods were consid- 
ered odd by many. Would that there were 
more who had this oddity of honesty and 
fair dealing with them! Even during the 
war times when money was drawing twenty 
or thirty per cent he would never ask or 
accept more than six per cent, and he would 
never charge more than twenty-live cents 
per bushel for his corn. He did nut belong 
to a church yet the true spirit of Christianity 
was manifest in his life for he did unto 
others as he would have them do unto him 



O. B. W^YSOXG. 



It is a noticeable fact that the ^■oung men 
are rapidly occupying the foremost places 
in business circles. Whether this is due 
to superior educational training or to na- 
tive ability is a question of dispute. Per- 
haps it is due to both. At all e\-ents the 
fact remains and each community numbers 
among its leading citizens men who, yet 
young in years, are controlling extensive 
financial, commercial and industrial inter- 
ests. Mr. Wysong is one of the young men 
of Fithian, w'ho. deserves mention in a work 
of this character. He is occupying a posi- 
tion as cashier of the bank here and pos- 
sesses marked business ability and executive 
force. 

He was born in ]\Iansfield, Illinois, Juh 
I7> 1875. His father, A. J. Wysong, is a 
native of Ohio, and in Mansfield, this state, 
was united in marriage to ^liss Lavina Hil- 
ligoss, a native of Indiana. The father is 
a carpenter and contractor and was con- 
nected with building operations in Mans- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



lOI 



lieUl until 1S91, when he removed to De- 
catur. Tliere he again engaged in contract- 
ing and at the present time he is occupying 
the position of foreman of the Decatur Re- 
frigerating & Manufacturing Conipan} 
Unswerving in liis adherence to Democratic 
principles, he has nevertheless refused pub- 
lic office, his loyal support being given in 
no hope of securing official reward for his 
party fealty. He belongs to the Christian 
church and is a man of strong purpose and 
upright character. The mother of our sub- 
ject died April 22, 1881, and ]\Ir. Wysong 
afterward married Elva Dickson, whose 
parents were from Ohio. By his first mar- 
riage there were two sons : O. B.. of this 
review; and I. T., who resides in ^ilansfield. 
The children of the second marriage are : 
Charles, John, Gladys and Elva. 

In the public schools of his native town 
O. B. Wysong acquired his preliminary ed- 
ucation, which was supplemented by study 
in the high school of Decatur, Illinois, and 
later he entered the Northern Indiana Nor- 
mal school at Valparaiso, where he was 
graduated on the completion of a business 
course with the class of 1890. He was af- 
terward employed in the Commercial Bank 
at Mansfield, Illinois, for two years and 
in 1895 he came to Fithian, where on the 
22d of April, of that year, he was appointed 
cashier of the Fithian Bank, in which capac- 
ity he has since served with marked capa- 
bility, his labors contributing in large meas- 
ure to the success of the institution. He is 
also connected with the grain trade here and 
his income is thereby materially increased. 
In connection with Mr. C. B. De Long, the 
president of the firm, Mr. Wysong has 
been instrumental in securing the interurban 
electric line along the Big Four Railroad. 
It was first proposed to bring it from Ur- 



bana to St. Joseph, thence to Homer and 
follow the Wabash to Danville, but through 
the untiring eft'orts of Mr. De Long 
and ]Mr. Wysong, it now comes the 
other way, giving Fithian and adja- 
cent towns the advantage of good ser- 
\'ice which the_\- were unable to secure from 
the railroad. 

On the 25th of No^•ember. 1896. Mr, 
Wysong was happily married in Fithian to 
]Miss Cora M. Post, who was born Septem- 
ber 5, 1878, a daughter of Dr. G. H. Post. 
They now have three interesting little chil- 
dren : Lois, Leda and Lenore. Theirs is 
one of the best homes in this part of Ver- 
milion county and it is a favorite resort 
with their many friends, which circle is al- 
most co-extensive with the circle of their 
acquaintances. 

;\Ir. Wysong is a Republican and in 
1897-98 he was one of the city trustees. In 
1 90 1 he was elected mayor and in positions 
of public trust he has ever exercised hi'; 
official prerogatives in support of every 
movement calculated to prove of public ben- 
efit. He is a member of Ogden Lodge, F. 
& A. M. : Morning Star Lodge. No. 489. 
I. O. O. F., of Fithian; Corn City Lodge, 
K. P., of Ogden; Fithian Camp. No. 427, 
M. W. A. ; and of the ^Methodist Episcopal 
church. His genial manner, unfailing cour- 
tesy and kindly spirit have made him popu- 
lar and Mr. Wysong is indeed widely and 
favorably known in Fithian and this por- 
tion of Vermilion countv. 



J. L. RIDEOUT, D. D. S. 

Dr. J. L. Rideout, a successful and popu- 
lar dentist of Danville, was born in Fremont, 
Ohio. May 15. 1873, a son of F. W. and 



I02 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Anna (Deemer) Rideout. On the paternal 
side lie is of English descent and belongs 
to a very patriotic family which has been 
well represented in the \\ars of this coun- 
try, his grandfather being a soldier of the 
Mexican war, and his great-great-grand- 
father of both the war of 1812 and the Rev- 
olutionary war. The Deenier family is of 
German extraction and was founded in 
Pennsylvania during the seventeenth cen- 
tury', since which time they have always 
taken part in public affairs of an important 
character. 

F. W. Rideout, the Doctor's father, was 
also born in l'"remont, Ohio, and after reach- 
ing manhootl he there married Miss Anna 
Deemer, a native of Easton, Pennsylvania. 
For fifteen years after his marriage he was 
engaged in the real-estate, loan and insur- 
ance business at that place, and then re- 
moved to Tuscola, Illinois, where the fol- 
lowing ten years were spent upon a farm. 
He took quite an active part in political 
affairs while residing there. His next re 
moral made him a resident of Atwood, Illi- 
nois, where he practically lived a retired 
life, althougli he still dealt in loans and real 
estate to some extent. He was a Rei)ubli- 
can in politics, and while living in Tuscola 
served as county supervisor and held some 
of the township offices. In early life he was 
a member of Company K, One Hundred 
and Sixty-ninth Ohio National Guards and 
was called out during the Ci\-il war. This 
entitled him to membership in the Grantl 
Army of the Republic and he was also con- 
nected with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. For many years he was an active 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and an officer in the same, and died in that 
faith on the 14th of September, 1902. his 
reiTiains being interred in the Cartwright 



cemetery at Atwood, Illinois. His first wife 
had passed away in July. 1888. and in 1891 
he married Miss May Barnett, who survives 
him. B\' his first marriage he had si.\ chil- 
dren : W. j., a physician of Freeport. Illi- 
nois, who makes a specialty of the diseases 
of the eye, ear and nose; E. L.. a farmer of 
Tuscola: J. L., our subject: R. !■"., a farmer 
of Atwood; Mayme, who is attending 
school in Freeport: and Clara, who resides 
in Freeport. The children of the second 
marriage are Harry, Xellic and ivay. 

Dr. Rideout began his education in the 
schools of Fremont, Ohio, and after the re- 
m<)\a! of his family to this state he attended 
the public schools of Tuscola. Deciding 
ui)on a professional life, he next entered the 
Indiana Dental College at In(liana]iolis, 
where he was graduated in i8()7 and the 
following year located in Danville, where he 
had since engaged in practice with marked 
success. He has a nice office in 412 Temple 
block, supplied with all the latest equip- 
ments known to the science, and he has al- 
ready secured a large patronage which is 
steadil}' increasing. 

On the 24th of December, 1.S96, at Tus- 
cola, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. 
Rideout and Miss Vivian Boyce. who was 
born at that place October 5, 1875, '^"'1 '-"^ ^ 
daughter of Washington and Paulina (Per- 
ry) Boyce, the former a natixe of Illinois, 
and the latter of Jeffersonville, Indiana. 
Her parents were also married at Tuscola. 
Her father was a ])liotographer by ])rofes- 
sion and was identilicd with the Reiniblican 
party and the Grand Army of the Republic. 
He died in June, 1896, but his wife is still 
living and now makes her home with Dr. 
ixideout. They had seven children, six of 
whom survive the father, namely: David, 
a photographer of Tuscola; Albert, a dentist 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



103 



of tliat place; William, farmer of Tuscola; 
Thomas J. and Charles ^L, twins, the for- 
mer a dentist of Chicago and the latter a 
manufacturer of photographers' paper in 
that city; and Vivian, the wife of our sub- 
ject. The Doctor and his wife have two 
children : Esther Pauline, born September 
20, 1897; and Russell H., born July 19, 
1899. 

In his political views the Doctor is a 
stanch Republican, and socially he is con- 
nected with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and the Fraternal Army. He is 
quite popular both in social and professional 
circles and is a man highly esteemed and re- 
spected by all who known him. 



C. B. SPANG. 



C. B. Spang, grain merchant and the 
proprietor of the Star Roller Mill and lum- 
beryard of Georgetown, is well known in 
Vermilion county. He is the leading busi- 
ness man of the southern portion of the 
county and through enterprise and capabil- 
ity has contributed not only to his own suc- 
cess but also to the general prosperity of the 
localities with which he has Ijeen identified. 

Mr. Spang has been a resident of 
Georgetown for the past thirteen years. 
He was born in Butler county, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 13, 1866, and is a son of 
Josiah R. and Margaret (Bracken) Spang, 
both of whom were also natives of the Key- 
stone state. The father there spent his en- 
tire life. He became manager of the Singer 
Manufacturing Company and occupied that 
position until his death. His widow and the 
family resided in Butler county until 1899, 
when they removed to Georgetown, Illinois. 



C. B. Spang was educated in the com- 
mon schools of his nati\e county and began 
to learn the miller's trade at Butler, Penn- 
sylvania, being employed in the Oriental 
Rolling i\Iills until he mastered the busi- 
ness. In 1887 he removed westward, set- 
tling in Terre Haute, Indiana, where he was 
employed as a miller for two years and on 
the expiration of that period he came to 
Georgetown. In 1889 J. E. Haywortlj es- 
tablished the Georgetown Flour Mill but 
he was formerly engaged in the milling 
business here from 1880. On coming to 
Georgetown Mr. Spang entered the employ 
of Mr. Hay worth, and after working in the 
mill for two months, he purchased a half 
interest in both the mill and lumberyard, 
forming a partnership under the firm style 
of Hayworth & Spang. They continued 
business together until 1899, when Mr. 
Hayworth sold his interest to C. I-. Austin, 
who was in partnership with our subject 
until 1902. 

Mr. Spang is now alone and is doing 
the largest business in Georgetown. His 
elevator, which is located near the depot, 
has recently been enlarged and is now one 
of the most e.Ktensive in the county. Fie 
buys and ships grain daily and his business 
has now assumed very creditable and profit- 
able proportions. The flour mill is located 
in the eastern part of the town and is con- 
ducted under the name of the Star Roller 
Mills. He manufactures the North Star 
flour, the Red Ball and other brands and 
has established a wholesale distributing 
house in Danville for the products of his 
manufactories. He deals in all kinds of 
lumber and building materials -necessary to 
the construction of a house from the foun- 
dation to the roof and his patronage in this 
line is very extensive as the business is con- 



I04 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



stantly increasing. He is well known 
throughout the country as a prominent busi- 
ness man of Georgetown and his enterprise 
and industry contribute in no small degree 
to the commercial prosperity of the place. 
JMr. Spank was united in marriage to 
Miss Florence Smith, of Slippery Rock, 
Pennsylvania, and they now ha\e four chil- 
dren : Ethel, Genevieve, Charles and 
Bracken. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church and 
he has taken an active interest in church 
work. Socially he is identified with the 
Modern Woodmen of America and the 
Knights of Pythias, having aided in or- 
ganizing the latter lodge in Georgetown. 
In politics he is a Republican and he has 
been called to fill a number of offices in the 
village. Besides his business interests here 
he owns an addition to the city of Danville, 
where he is engaged in real-estate dealing, 
and is also interested in a lumben,-ard and 
real estate at Westville, Illinois. He is a 
self-made man, owing his prominence in 
business affairs to his own skillfully directed 
labor, and among the well-to-do citizens of 
Georgetown he is justly numbered. 



WILLIAM MOORE. 

No adequate history of William Moore 
can 1)6 written until many of the useful en- 
terprises with which he has been connected 
have completed their full share of good to 
the world and until his personal . influence 
and example shall have ceased their fruitage 
in the lives of those with whom he has come 
in contact. Yet, there is nnich concerning 
him that can be set down with profit here 
as an illustratioji of what can be done by a 



man with a clear brain and willing hands 
that sets himself seriously to the real labors 
and responsibilities of life. His name is so 
inseparably interwoven with the history of 
Hoopeston that no account of the business 
development ami substantial upbuilding of 
the town can be given without mention of 
his name. His efforts too have extended 
far beyond the limits of Hoopeston, and 
many other communities have benefited by 
his labors, his marked business ability and 
his indefatigable enterprise. He is to-day 
numbered among the capitalists of Vermil- 
ion county and to this position he has at- 
tained not through the aid of influential or 
wealthy friends, but because he has prospered 
in his work and has made honest dealing one 
of the characteristics of his useful and active 
career. 

Mr. Moore was I)orn in Coshocton coun- 
ty, Ohio, on the 30th of Noveml^er, 1841, 
and is a son of Silas and Mary (McCoy) 
Moore. LTpon the home farm he was reared, 
and his early education acquired in the public 
schools was supplemented by a preparatory 
course in Spring Mountain Seminary of 
Ohio. He was pursuing his study there with 
the intention of preparing for the law when 
the Civil war broke out. He had watched 
with growing . interest the attitude of he 
south and the progress of events leading 
up to hostilities, and, his patriotic spirit 
aroused, he resolved to strike a blow in de- 
fense of the LTnion if the country became 
involved in civil war, and on the 23d of 
April, i86i,.only ten days after Fort Sumter 
was fired on, he enlisted for three months' 
service as a member of Company D, Six- 
teenth Ohio \^olunteer Infantry. While with 
that command he was promoted to the rank 
of orderly sergeant and was mustered out 
the following August. On the 3d of Octo- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



107 



ber, 1 86 1, he was commissioned by Gover- 
nor Denison, a first lieutenant with authority 
to raise a company, which he enHsted mostly 
among the students of Spring Mountain 
Seminary. This became Company I, of the 
Fifty-tirst Ohio Infantry under the com- 
mand of Colonel Stanley Matthews. With 
his company Lieutenant Moore fought at 
Phillipi, Perryville, Chickamauga, Lookout 
Mountain. Mission Ridge and Ringgold, 
and in January, 1863. he was commissioned 
captain. In the battle of Chickamauga he 
lost nearly every man in his command, one- 
half of the number being killed or wounded, 
while many of the remainder were captured. 
All of the regimental officers of the Fifty- 
iirst having been taken prisoners, Captain 
Moore, as ranking line officer, assumed com- 
mantl, and with but a few men bearing the 
regimental colors and a stand of Rebel col- 
ors captured from a South Carolina regi^ 
ment in the last charge, he cut through the 
Rebel lines and safely reached Chattanooga 
the next day. It was a brave move and 
one which displayed superior knowledge of 
military tactics and undaunted bravery. On 
two particular occasions Captain Moore was 
selected for special service of a difficult and 
hazardous kind. He carried out his instruc- 
tions with signal success and was compli- 
mented by his fellow and superior officers 
and the general commanding the army. In 
April, 1864, he was mustered out of the 
military service, having for three years been 
a faithful defender of the old flag. 

Captain Moore has been a resident of 
Vermilion county since March, 1865. After 
his return from the war he remained a resi- 
dent of Ohio for about a year and then came 
to the west, locating in Grant township, Ver- 
milion county, where he had previously pur- 
chased a farm of three hundred and twentv 



acres. From that time forward he has been 
very prominent in public affairs as an offi- 
cial and as a business man, and his efforts 
have ever proven of the greatest benefit to 
the community with which he is associated. 
From 1866 until 1874 he filled the office of 
justice of the peace and from 1867 until 
1870 was collector of Grant township, while 
from 1866 until 1872 he was school treas- 
urer of township 23, range 11. Fo'r sevrai 
years he was also a director of the Hoopeston 
public schools and it was through his energy 
and enterprise that the first imposing and sub- 
stantial school building at this place was 
erected, a building costing twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars. In this work Mr. Moore re- 
ceived much opposition, but he had firm 
faith in the ultimate development of the 
town and time has proven his confidence well 
placed, for to-day that school building is one 
of the four ward schools. It is a substantial 
monument to his efforts in behalf of his fel- 
low townsmen. The cause of education has 
no truer friend in all Hoopeston than Mr. 
Moore or one who has been more effective 
in his labors to advance the general good 
along lines of educational and intellectual 
progress. He has been a member of the 
Hoopeston Library Association since its or- 
ganization. 

Throughout all these years while capably 
performing official service Mr. Moore has 
also controlled extensive and important busi- 
ness interests. At an early day he purchased 
fifty acres of land at Hoopeston which was 
laid out in town lots as the Moore & Browrj 
addition. In April, 1872, he took up his res- 
idence in the village where he has since been 
engaged in the real estate business, buying 
and selling town property on an extensive 
scale. He was also a member of the firm of 
Moore & Perkins and later became the senior 



io8 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



member of tlie well known firm of Moore, 
McFerren & Seavey. Between March, 1874, 
and March, 1875, the sales of this firm 
reached three hundred and thirty thousand 
dollars. Mr. Moore is still associated with 
Mr. McFerren and their business interests 
are most extensive and important, including 
large landed properties in the south, in the 
states of Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennes- 
see. It would be impossible to give an ade- 
quate account of the extensive enterprises 
uhich have been established and carried for- 
ward to successful completion by Mr. 
Moore. Soon after the organization of the 
Illinois Can Company he became one of its 
heavy stockholder and is to-day the owner 
of one-half of the business and is acting as 
general manager. He was instrumental in 
organizing the Union Tin Can Company, 
of which he became a stockholder and di- 
rector and filled the position of president 
at the time the company was merged into 
the American Can Company. The business 
was founded in 1892 with a capital stock 
of forty thousand dollars, and when sold in 
1900 returned to the owners one million 
dollars, the original stockhcjlders re- 
taining their respective interests as 
paid up stock. Industrial enterprises in 
many other parts of the country contribute 
not alone to Mr. Moore's individual success 
but promote the general prosperity of the 
localities in which they are located. In con- 
nection with Mr. McFerren he owns a large 
box factory at Memphis. Tennessee, the an- 
nual output of which is nine hundred cars 
of box shooks. These gentlemen are also 
the proprietors of a double band sawmill 
at Memphis, valued at seventy-five thousand 
dollars, and having a daily capacity of fifty 
thousand feet of lumber. Their enterprises 
owned and controlled bv them includes a 



large sawmill at Luxora, .\rkansas. with 
a capacity of thirty thousand feet of lumber 
daily, a sawmill on Pitman's Island, manufc- 
turing twent_\-five thousand feet of lumber 
per day, a sawmill at Woodstock, Missis- 
sippi, with a similar capacity, and three 
other sawmills, each ^turning out aljout 
twenty thousand feet of lumber daily. Mr. 
Moore owns abovit one thousand acres of 
Tand in Vermilion county and in connection 
with J. C. Mcl-'erren is the owner of thirty 
thousand acres of timl)erland in j\rkansas. 
They are now constructing a railroad from 
Luxora, Arkansas, to Big Lake, a distance 
of twenty miles, called the ^lississippi. Big 
Lake and Western Road. This will furnish 
an outlet for their lumber and also will form' 
part of a trunk line for the west from Joplin, 
Missouri, through to the Mississippi. Mr. 
Moore secured donations for the two rail- 
roads which enter Hoopeston and was a 
member of the committee for securing the 
right of way for the Lake Erie & Western 
Railroad through Vermilion county. He 
handled and sold the Thompson North 
Hoopeston addition and in connection with 
Mr. McFerren he purchased the Casement 
addition of one hundred lots, all of which 
were sold by the firm inside of six months 
and they also closed out the fifty lot addition 
of G. W. Smith. Mr. Moore's attention is. 
given to the superintendency of the land and 
timber estates of the firm in the south and to- 
the general management of the Illinois Can- 
ning Company of Hoopeston. 

On the 1st of March, 1892. Mr. Moore 
was united in marriage to Anna Hamilton, 
who was born at Ash Grove, Iroquois coun- 
ty. Her father is now deceased and her 
mother and brother. Senator Isaac Hamil- 
ton, are residents of Chicago. Mr. AToore 
has three living children by a former mar- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



109 



riage: Winfield S., Claude H. and Cora 
M. The daughter is now the wife of Dr. 
Haines, of Memphis, Tennessee. In 1882 
Mr. Moore erected his magnificent home at 
the corner of Fourth and Penn streets in 
Hoopeston. 

He is a RepubHcan in poHtics and though 
liis business interests are so extensive he 
yet finds time to serve his fellow towns- 
men in matters pertaining to the general 
welfare of the place in which he makes his 
home. He is a member of the board of al- 
dermen here, ha\ing served in that office 
continuously since street paving was begun, 
and to-day he is the chairman of the streets 
and alleys committee and of the buildings 
and grounds committee. He belongs to the 
Methodist Episcopal church and is a promi- 
nent Mason, holding membership in the blue 
lodge, chapter, council and commandery, 
and was the first high priest of the chapter 
at this place. It is impossible to estimate 
the scope of Mr. Moore's accomplishment. 
The benefits of his enterprise are far-reach- 
ing, furnishing employment to many hun- 
dreds of workmen and promoting prosperity 
in various communities. Endowed by nature 
■with a sound judgment and an accurate, 
discriminating mind, he has never feared 
that laborious attention to the details of busi- 
ness so necessary to achieve success, and this 
essential qualit/ has ever been guided by a 
sense of moral right which tolerates the em- 
ployment only of those means that will bear 
the most rigid examination, by a fairness 
of intention that neither seeks nor requires 
disguise. It is but just and merited praise 
to say of Mr. Moore that as a business man 
he ranks with the ablest, as a citizen he is 
honorable, prompt and true to every duty, 
and as a man he has the honor and esteem 
of all classes of people. 



JOHN H. PETTEGREW. 

John H. Pettegrew, an honored veteran 
of the Civil war, has been equally loyal to 
his country in private life and in civil ser- 
vice. For twenty-three years he was dep- 
uty sherifif of Vermilion county, has filled 
the ofifice of constable and is now one of the 
assistant county supervisors. He resides at 
his home at No. 82 Columbus street, in 
Danville, having retired from farm life, 
which for many years occupied his atten- 
tion. He was born in Ohio, March 22, 
1 83 1, and is a son of Dr. Ezekiel and Eme- 
line (Beach) Pettegrew. His father was 
born near Lawrenceburg, Indiana, and pur- 
sued a medical education, after which he 
engaged in practice in his native town and 
also in Scott county, Indiana. Subse- 
quently he removed to Coles county, Illi- 
nois, where he practiced for seven years 
and then went to Vermilion county, In- 
diana, where he continued his professional 
work until his life's labors were ended in 
death. His wife also passed away in that 
place. In their family were eight children, 
three of whom are yet living: John H., of 
this review; Daniel, a resident farmer of 
Lincoln county, Oklahoma; and Margaret 
who is the widow of William Coatney 
and lives in Danville. 

John H. Pettegrew accompanied his 
parents on their various removals during his 
youth and acquired a common-school edu- 
cation. He was about twenty years of age 
when he left home and came to Vermilion 
county, Illinois. He engaged in farming 
in Danville township in 1852 and followed 
that pursuit continuously for a quarter of 
a century, carefully cultivating his fields 
and caring for his crops until harvests were 
garnered in the late autumn and the sale of 



no 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



his products brought to him a creditable 
financial return for his labors. \Vhile re-, 
siding upon the farm Mr. Pettegrew chose 
a companion and helpmate for life's jour- 
ney. He wedded Miss Elsie Luddington 
and they li\-ed happily together for a num- 
ber of years, but the wife was at length 
called to the home beyond. There were 
four children born of that marriage: John 
T., a farmer who now resides in George- 
town township; Daniel, who is living in In- 
diana ; Clara, deceased ; and one that diefl 
in infancy. For his second wife Mr. Pet- 
tegrew chose Miss Susan Bullion, with 
whom he is now living. Unto them have 
been bom six children, but Clara, the eld- 
est, died in childhood. Marion is now 
clerking in a store in Himrod, this county. 
Charles is in the employ of the Nimrod 
Coal Company of that place. Mary is the 
wife of Charles Rice, a resident of Park 
county, Indiana. William married Anna 
Stuebe and is living in Georgetown town- 
ship. Park is a laborer of Danville. 

After his marriage Mr. Pettegrew set- 
tled on a farm near Newport, \'ermilion 
county, where he lived for six months. He 
then removed to Danville, where he was 
employed as a laborer and teamster until the 
Civil war broke out. He watched with in- 
terest the progress of events for a few 
months and then, feeling that his duty was 
to his country, he joined the army on the 
4th of iVugust, 1861, as a member of Com- 
pany F, Thirty-fifth Illinois Infantry, un- 
der Captain Keith and Colonel Smith. On 
account of physical disability, however, he 
was discharged at Rolla, Missouri, in De- 
cember, 1861. He then returned to Dan- 
ville, where he was engaged in teaming for 
a year, after which he was elected constable 



and filled that position for two years. He 
was then chosen first deputy sheriff under 
Joseph X. Payton and filled that oftice 
continuously for twenty-three years under 
the various sheriffs of the county. He was 
prompt and fearless in the discharge of his^ 
duties and stood as a faithful defender of 
law and order. On his retirement from 
office he purchased a farm of one hundred 
and sixty acres on section 2, Georgetown 
township and there resided for twenty-one 
years, (le\-oting his energies to the cultiva- 
tion of his fields. In February, 1899, how- 
ever, his son took charge of the farm, al- 
though Mr. Pettegrew still remains its 
owner. He then returned to the city, where 
he is now living a retired life. .\t the pres- 
ent time he is filling the position of assist- 
ant county su])ervisor, having served for 
several terms in this oftice. He takes a 
deep and active interest in political affilia- 
tions, keeps well informed on the issues of 
the day, and always votes with the Republi- 
can party. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church of 
Georgetown townshija. Mr. Pettegrew 
paid four hundred dollars on that church. 
He has always been liberal in his support 
of church and charitable work and his ef- 
forts have been effective in this direction. 
In his business affairs he has prospered and 
is now one of the well-to-do citizens of 
Danville. Fle owns a nice residence at No. 
82 Columbus street and there hospitality 
abounds. The members of his household 
have many warm friends in the ci immunity 
and like Mr. i'ettegrew are held in high es- 
teem. He has long been in public service 
and over the record of his official career 
there falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion 
of evil. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



III 



WILLIAM D. KUYKENDALL. 

Among the large land owners of Ver- 
milion county is numbered William D. Ku}'- 
kendall, Avho resides on section i, Middle- 
fork township. He has ;i wide acquaint- 
ance in this portion of the state, his business 
interests having brought him in contact with 
many, while his social qualities have made 
him a popular citizen. He is a native of 
Virginia, his birth having occurred in 
Hampshire county, now West Virginia, 
February ii, 1831. His father, Luke Kuy- 
kendall, was born in the same county in 
1812, and the grandfather, Isaac Kuyken- 
dall, was a native of the Old Dominion, 
where the fam.ily was established at an early 
epoch in the development of the state. Luke 
Kuykendall was reared in the place of his 
nativity and was there married to Elizabeth 
Welch, a native of the same locality. He 
was a farmer of Hampshire county for some 
years and afterward determined to seek a 
home in the far west, removing to Tippeca- 
noe county. Indiana, about 1852. There he 
resided for a number of years, after which 
he came to Illinois, the place of his destina- 
tion being Vermilion county, where he lo- 
cated in i860, his home being near Potomac. 
Pie was not long permitted to enjoy his new 
place of residence, for his death occurred 
ere a year had passed. 

In Hampshire county. West Virginia, 
William D. Kuykendall of this review was 
reared to manhood, receiving good educa- 
tional privileges in the common and higher 
schools. With the family he removed to 
the west and in 1858 he came to Vermilion 
count}', Illinois. Here he rented a fann for 
several years and after the war of the Re- 
bellion he purchased his first land, becom- 
ing the owner of a tract in Blount town- 
ship, comprising one hundred acres. This 



was an improved farm which he further de- 
veloped for one year and then removing to 
Danville he was there engaged in the liv- 
ery business with his brother Jacob, who is 
still a liveryman of that place. Their asso- 
ciation was maintained for eighteen years 
and then Mr. Kuykendall of this review sold 
his interest, although he is still the owner 
of a half interest in the brick barn in which 
his brother continues to conduct his stable. 
While in Danville our subject purchased 
projierty and built two good brick livery 
barns. The first one, however, was de- 
stroyed by fire, but with characteristic en- 
ergy he replaced it by one which is still 
standing. In 1889 Mr. Kuykendall re- 
moved from the city to the farm where he 
now resides, on section i, Middlefork town- 
ship. Here he has erected a large brick res- 
idence, which is one of the substantial homes 
of the county. He also has good bams and 
sheds for the shelter of grain and stock and 
the latest improved machinery facilitates the 
farm work. He has planted fruit and shade 
trees and shubbery and has carried on the 
work of improvement on the home place un- 
til his farm is one of the finest of the town- 
ship and stands as a monument of the enter- 
prise and labor of the owner. Mr. Kuyken- 
dall has to-day one thousand acres of well 
improved land in Vermilion county and his 
possessions are the visible evidence of his 
life of earnest an.d honorable toil. 

In 1862 Mr. Kuykendall went to Frank- 
lin county, Ohio, where he was married to 
Miss Emily J. Golliday, a native of the 
Buckeye state, her death occurring in Ver- 
milion county about 1870. They had two 
children: Frank, who is married and re- 
sides in Danville; and Susan Jane, the wife 
of Jay Freese, of Ogden, Illinois. In Ver- 
milion county Mr. Kuykendall was again 
married, in 1876, his second union being 



112 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



witli Miss Martlia J. Smitli. a daughter of 
John Sniitli, a native of England, who came 
to lUinois wlien the work of improvement 
and progress liere was just begun. The 
daughter was born and echicated in this 
county and by her marriage has become the 
mother of two children, Jacob S. and Mae 
A. The former is married and now fol- 
lows farming in Middlefork township. 

At local elections, where no issue is in- 
volved Mr. Kuykendall votes independently, 
his ballot being deposited in accordance with 
his faith in the capability of the candidate. 
In national affairs he was for many years a 
Democrat, but at the two last presidential 
elections he voted for William McKinley. 
He is a believer in prosperity and expansion 
and thinks that the work of the Republican 
party has furthered both during the last two 
presidential administrations. Alatters of 
pu1)lic improvement, promoting the growth 
and u|)l)uilding of his locality have also re- 
ceived his endorsement and co-operation 
during the forty-four years of his residence 
in \'ermilion county. He is well known in 
Danville and in Potomac, also in outlying 
districts of the county and his genial and 
social manner has gained for him inany 
warm friends. His business interests have 
ever been capably conducted along lines 
leading to success and to-day among the 
prosperous agriculturists he is classed. 



JAMES M. DOUGHERTY. 

The record of an honor.nble life should 
ever be a source of inspiration and encour- 
agement, and the history of James M. 
Dougherty is well worthy of emulation for 
he always lived so as to command the conh' 
dence and good will of his fellow men. He 



was true to high moral principles and his 
high moral character and rectitude of action, 
his unquestioned probity as well as his busi- 
ness ability made him a valued citizen of 
\'ermilion county. 

He was born in Brown county, Ohio, 
April 28, 1829. His father, James Dough- 
erty, was also a native of the Buckeye state, 
and in Brown county wedded Mary Kirk- 
patrick. who was there born and reared. 
The great-grandfather of our subject was 
of .Scotch-Trish descent and was b(.irn in 
Scotland. Desiring to become a resident of 
the new world he crossed the Atlantic to 
Maryland and at the time the colonies at- 
tempted to throw off the yoke of British op- 
pression he joined the American army and 
under General Washington fought for the 
independence of the nation until the glorious 
result was achieved. His son. Francis 
Doughterty, the grandfather of our subject, 
was born in Maryland and emigrating west- 
ward took up his abode in Ohio. Subse- 
quently he came to Illinois in 1830 and was 
one of the extensive landholders of this lo- 
calitv. His four sons, including the father 
of our stibject, then came to the west and 
cultivated the land which Francis Dougherty 
had purchased. Here he died in September, 
i860, and his wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Christian Hill, and whose mother 
was the daughter of an English lord, passed 
away in 1851. In addition to the four sons 
already mentioned they had four daughters 
who also came to Vermilion county. These 
children were as follows : Alexander died 
in \'ermilion county in 1888. He had mar- 
ried Jane Kirkpatrick who died in 1862, 
they had three daughters and one son, Jesse, 
whose death occurred while he was serving 
in the Civil war. Elizabeth became the wife 
of Mr. I-"errier. who died in \'ermilion coun- 
tv in 1836. Later, she married Samuel 




JAMES M DOUGHERTY 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



115 



Gilbert, whose tleath occurred in the '50s. 
Mrs. Gilbert passed away about 1867, leav- 
ing four children, all of whom are now de- 
ceased. James, the father of our subject, 
was the third of the family. Malinda be- 
came the wife of William Leeper and they 
resided in Bloomington, Illinois, but lx)th are 
now deceased. They left three sons and 
three daughters, and two of the sons and the 
daughters are yet living, namely : Mar- 
garet, who is matron of the Young Women's 
Christian Association, of Chicago; Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Dr. Wallace, of Decatur; 
Charles, a resident of New York ; and Will- 
iam, of ^Minneapolis. Maybary^ wedded 
Nancy Hickman and resided in Vermilion 
county until his death which occurred in 
1840. He left a son and three daughters, 
the latter all yet residents of this county. 
Margaret became the wife of Ira Butler and 
made her home in Vermilion county until 
her death, when she left two children of 
whom one is yet living. Samuel married 
Jane Dalby and has also passed away. He 
resided in this county and had four daugh- 
ters and three sons, of whom three daugh- 
ters and one son, Benjamin, are yet living. 
Nancy, the youngest member of the family 
of Francis Dougherty, died at the age of 
thirty years. 

James Dougherty, .the father of our sub- 
ject, came to Illinois in 1833, locating in 
Vermilion county, but was not long per- 
mitted to enjoy his new home, his death oc- 
curring in 1835, while his wife passed away 
in 1834. He was a Whig in his political 
views and was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Of his family of four 
sons and one daughter we give the following 
record : Francis married Dassa Boggess, 
and she died leaving one child who has since 
passed away. He afterward married Susan 
Tavlor, who died leaving nine children ; 



Marcus, a resident of Shawnee, Oklahoma; 
Milton, of Kincaid, Kansas ; Louis and Al- 
vin, prominent merchants who reside in 
Logan, Kansas; Elizabeth, the wife of Sam- 
uel Parrish, of Missouri; Marietta, of Kin- 
caid, Kansas ; Lilly, the wife of John Irwin, 
who resides near Kincaid: James A., a trav- 
eling salesman residing in Portland, Ore- 
gon ; and Jennie, now deceased. After the 
death of Susan Taylor, Francis Dougherty 
wedded Belle McNeil and is now living in 
Kincaid, Kansas. They had four children, 
three of whom survive: Lyman, a traveling 
salesman representing a St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, house; Charles, who is living near 
Kincaid ; and Francis, who resides with his 
father. Kirkpatrick died at the age of one^ 
year. John Dougherty, the second member 
of the family of James and Mary (Kirkpat- 
rick) Dougherty, wedded Margaret Cheno- 
weth and after her death wedded Cida 
Graves. He has since died and his widow is 
residing in Fairmount. Of this union there 
were two daughters and three sons : Law- 
rence and Joseph, who are living in Buena 
Vista, Colorado; Molly, the widow of Dr. 
Wright, and a resident of Danville; and 
Berta, of Fairmount. Charles, the young- 
est child, died in 1873. James M. Dougherty 
is the third member of the family. Joseph, 
now decea.sed, married Louisa Neville, and 
they had two sons, of whom one is living, 
Alfred, of Lincoln. Illinois. Edwin's death 
occurred in 1890. Mary Dougherty died at 
the age of sixteen years in the year 1841. 

James M. Dougherty began his education 
in the usual style of schoolhouse of the 
period, built of hewed logs, furnished with 
slab seats and lighted by greased paper win- 
dows. This building stood at the northeast 
corner of what is now the homestead farm. 
His opportunities, however, like those of 
other early settlers, were \ery limited and his 



Ii6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



education was largely acquired in tlie prac- 
tical school of experience. His father hav- 
ing died when he was six years of age, he 
lived with his grandfather, Francis Dough- 
erty, and worked upon the farm. After the 
grandfatlier's death he managed the prop- 
erty, and he inherited forty acres of timher- 
land from his father, and purchjised eighty 
acres of prairie land, thus becoming the 
owner of a good farm. Later he traded his 
eighty acres for a valuable tract of land in 
Vance township, and in order to further 
complete his arrangements for having a 
home of his own Mr. Dougherty was mar- 
ried March 30. 1854, near Catlin, to Sarepta 
Jane Taylor, who was born in Tippecanoe 
countv, Indiana, September 5, 1837. Her 
father, Thomas A. Taylor, was a son of 
Harrison Taylor and a descendant of Zach- 
arv Taylor. He was a native of \^irginia, 
whence he removed to Kentucky and there 
died. His wife bore the maiden name of 
Elizabeth Allen, and also died in Kentucky. 
Thev were the ];arents of four s'lns and four 
daughters, all now deceased. Thomas Tay- 
lor was Ixirn in Kentucky, and in Tippecanoe 
county, Indiana, he married Iva Allen, whose 
birth occurred in Bourbon county, Kentucky. 
They liegan their domestic life in Tippecanoe 
countv, Indiana, where Mr. Taylor followed 
the tanner's trade and farming. In 1853 he 
came to \'ermilion county, purchasing five 
hundred acres of land, which he continued to 
cultivate until his death, which occurred 
September 20, 1876. His wife died Decem- 
ber 3, 1803. I" politics Mr. Taylor was first 
a \\"hig and afterward a Republican, and in 
religious faith he was a Cumberland Presby- 
terian. 

At the time of their marriage Mr. 
Dougherty and his wife lived in a double log 
house on their eighty acres of land in \'ance 
township, and he afterward purchased an 



additional tract of eighty acres. In 1864 
they removed to Fainnount, where he en- 
gaged in the livery business for three years. 
He next purcliased what is now the home- 
stead farm of about three hundred acres, re- 
siding thereon for two years. On account of 
his own ill health and his desire to give his 
children better educational privileges he then 
removed to Dan\ illc. where for a time he was 
engaged in the butchering business. In con- 
nection with Benjamin Crane he built the 
Arlington Hotel in 1876, it l)eing opened 
with impressive ceremonies on the 4th of 
July of the centennial year. In the fall of 
1876, however, Mr. Dougherty left Dan- 
ville and througli the succeeding year lived 
in Fairmount, after which he erected a hand- 
some and commodious residence upon his 
farm, taking up his abode there. It contin- 
ued to be his place of residence until his 
death, which occurred January 14, 1889, 
and lie was laid to rest in Dougherty ceme- 
tery. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Dough- 
erty was blessed by the birth of six children : 
Mary, born February 26, 1855, died October 
25, i860. Enmia, born June 28, 1857, was 
married October 16, 1894, to H. Jester 
Stearns, and they reside on a farm near Man- 
son, Iowa. They have one son, Dorrance. 
For sex'eral years ?\Irs. Stearns served as a 
school director. Eva Frances, born May 22, 
i860, became the -wife of William Pankey, 
June 23, 1 886, and they reside in Danville 
with their three children, Loyette, Dwight 
and Lortdn. William Pankey is an attor- 
ney and manager of the X'ermilion County' 
Abstract Company. Alfred A., born January 
29, 1863, died September 25, 1864. Maud L., 
born June 3, 1866, resides with her mother.' 
Clara Kirkpatrick, born August 25, 1869, 
wqs married December 28, 1894, to Dr. A. 
FI. Leitzbach, of Fairmount. Thev have one 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



"7 



daughter, Elizabeth. Miss Mande possesses 
exceptional artistic ability and was educated 
in her art under Professor Aulich, of Chi- 
cago. She studied miniature work with Miss 
Cecile Payen, of New York. She also fur- 
ther prepared herself in this direction at the 
Julian Art Academy, in Paris, France. On 
account of ill health she is unable to devote 
her time to teaching, as she had hoped to 
do, but she still gives considerable attention 
to painting. 

In his political views James M. Dough- 
erty was first a Whig, afterward a Republi- 
can and later a Prohibitionist. He served as 
a candidate for representative from his dis- 
trict and succeeded in polling a large vote 
which made his defeat almost a victory. He 
held a number of township offices, the duties 
of which he discharged with marked prompt- 
ness and fidelity. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church, served as elder of the 
church of that denomination in Danville for 
three years, and occupied a similar position 
in Fairmount. He was very charitable and 
generous, a consistent Christian man whose 
life was noble, whose motives were honor- 
able, and whose actions were manly and sin- 
cere. 



JOHN P. SWANK. 



Among the substantial farmers of Ver- 
milion county who have helped develop its 
natural resources and make it what it is to- 
day — one of the richest counties of the 
great state of Illinois — is numbered John 
P. Swank, now deceased. He was born in 
Indianola, Illinois, December i8, 1824. 
His parents were Ohio people who emigrat- 
ed to Vermilion county, Illinois, at a very 
early date in the history of the county. 



They became pioneers of the county and 
contributed much to the growth and prog- 
ress of their community. Mr. Swank had 
three brothers, and four sisters, and one 
brother and one sister are living in Kansas. 
In the public schools of Carroll town- 
ship Mr. Swank was educated. He was 
reared on the home farm, early becoming 
familiar with the work of field and meadow, 
and thus acquiring a practical knowledge 
of the occupation which afterward became 
his life work. He was united in marriage 
to Miss Phebe Dickson, February 18, 1851, 
at Indianola, Illinois. She was born in In-- 
dianola. May 17, 1829, and is a daughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Doyle) Dickson, both 
of whom were born near Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. They were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Nancy Dickson Hub- 
bard, now deceased : Mrs. Swank ; Mary 
Jane, deceased; Simon, who died in the ser- 
vice of his country, being killed in the Civil 
war in 1863; James, a farmer of Fair- 
mount, Illinois, who is living with his son, 
his wife, Amanda (Shepherd) Dickson be- 
ing deceased ; and Elizabeth, who died in 
early girlhood. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Swank 
were born the following sons and daugh- 
ters: Albert D. is a farmer residing at 
CoUison, Illinois. He married Sarah 
Smart and they have one daughter, Pearl, 
who is noted as a successful trained nurse. 
He is fifty years of age. Gilbert E., aged 
forty-eight years, lives on a farm near In- 
dianola. He married Emma Carter, who 
died some years ago, and he afterward was 
married to Anna Poindexter. Of this mar- 
riage there was born one child, Zelda, who 
is now nine years of age. Robert P., aged 
forty-six years, is a farmer of Indianola. He 
married Mary Dickson. Alice is the wife of J. 
Harvey Patterson. They have one lovely 



Ii8 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



child, Erceil, aged nine years. Edward, aged 
forty-one years, is a resident farmer of In- 
dianola. He was united in marriage 
to Drusilla Lane, and is the fifth and 
youngest child in the family. In his poli- 
tical views Mr. Swank was a Democrat, 
and his sons all followed his helief and are 
all adherents to the cause of that party and 
its principles. In his life Mr. Swank ex- 
emplified the spirit of true manliness and he 
was highly regarded by all with whom he 
was associated. This was not because of 
his position as a leading and substantial 
man of the community, Init because his 
character was so upright and honorable that 
they could not fail to respect and admire 
him. When he died he was laid to rest in 
W'oodlawn cemetery, at Indianola. His 
death occurred June 8. 1894, and many 
friends besides the immediate family 
mourned his loss. Mrs. Swank makes her 
home on the old place at Indianola, and in 
her declining- years she is being tenderly 
cared for by her children. The old age of a 
man or woman who have spent life rightly, 
is always beautiful to contemplate. Mrs. 
Swank has done this, and she receives the 
reverence and love of all who know her. 



GEORGE W. REILLY. 

The energies and efforts of George W. 
Reilly have been exerted along lines which 
have proven of benefit to his fellow men 
and he is well known as a ])rominent manu- 
facturer, church worker and also as a lead- 
hig representative of the fraternal order of 
the Modern^ Woodmen of America. His 
lal)ors in each direction have brought to him 
a wide acquaintance and he has accomplished 



much in each line of activity so that he well 
deserves mention among the leading and 
representative men of Danville and Vermil- 
ion county, where he has made his home 
since the fall of 1868. 

Mr. Reilly was born in Lafayette, In- 
diana, May II, 1852. His father, Luke 
Reilly, was a native of Ireland and spent his 
youth on the Emerald Isle. He sailed for 
the new world in 1830. He was a lawyer 
by profession, and, locating in Lafayette, 
he there engaged in practice until 1868, dur- 
ing which time he was also elected and 
served as states attorney. In the year men- 
tioned he came to Dan\'ille where he opened 
a law office and soon became known as one 
of the able and distinguished members of 
the bar at this place. For many years he en- 
joyed a large clientage which was indicative 
of the skill which he manifested in his pro- 
fession. His last days were spent in Dan- 
ville, where he passed away at the ripe old 
age of eighty-four years in 1897. 

George W. Reilly was reared in this city 
and pursued his education in the Danville 
schools. After ])utting aside his text books 
he learned the harness maker's trade, which 
be afterward followed as a journeyman for 
several years. Subsequently he l^ecame fore- 
man of a large manufacturing establish- 
ment, acting in that capacity for eight years, 
when he began manufacturing on his own 
account and continued the business with 
signal success until 1901, when he retired 
from active business life. 

Politically Mr. Reilly has 1)een a life 
long Republican, his first vote having been 
cast for Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876, while 
each presidential nominee of the party since 
that time has also received his support. He 
is quite active in local politics, but the honors 
and emoluments of public office have had 




LUKE REILLY. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



125 



no attraction for him personally. He was, 
however, solicited to become a candidate for 
supervisor in 1898, and, consenting, he was 
elected to the office and ser\-ed for two 
years. He established during that time a 
system of records unlike what had been be- 
fore used. The expenditures previous to this 
time had been very extravagant and during 
his term of service he saved to the county 
twenty-two thousand five hundred and eigh- 
teen dollars. He was also president of the 
town board, occupying that position for two , 
years and on the expiration of his term he 
declined further political honors. 

Ml'. Reilly joined the Modern Woodmen 
in 1886, becoming a member of the local 
camp and at once taking active part in its 
work. He was instrumental in increasing 
its membership from eighteen to six hun- 
dred and for twelve years he served as coun- 
sel. In 1890 he was elected a delegate to 
the head camp and continued a member of 
every head camp until 1901. In that year 
he was elected a member of the board of di- 
rectors, a very responsible position and has 
since given his entire time to the order. This 
board pays out from five to six thousand 
dollars per month and the sum is constantly 
increasing as the membership of the fra- 
ternity grows. Mr. Reilly has firm faith 
and deep interest in the order, realizing how 
valuable it is as an insurance organization, 
protecting its members in illness and pro- 
viding for their families at death. He is 
justly proud of what the society has already 
accomplished and he has contributed in no 
small degree to this result. He also belongs 
to Danville Lodge No. 69, I. O. O. P., in 
which he served as financial secretary for 
four years. He likewise belongs to the en- 
campment of that order and both he and 
his wife are connected with the Rebecca de- 



gree. He is a member of the Tribe of Ben 
Hur, of the Court of Honor and is a mem- 
ber of the auditing board of the supreme 
court of the last named organization. He has 
filled many positions of honor and trust anc 
to whatever office he has been called he has- 
been found faithful, diligent and efficient. 

Mr. Reilly was married in Danville, No- 
vember 4, 1874, to Miss Amanda Decker ,^ 
a native of Hancock county, Ohio, and a 
daughter of Jeremiah Decker, who removed 
from the Buckeye state to Iroquois county,. 
Illinois, locating near Watseka, where Mrs 
Reilly was reared. Her father died when 
she was only five years of age and she then 
lived with her grandfather in Iroquois county 
until sixteen years of age. WHien a young^ 
lady she came to Danville, further pursued 
her education here and in this city gave her 
hand in marriage to the subject of this re- 
view. Lhito them have been born seven 
children. Gordon L., a business man of 
this city, is married and has one daughter, 
Edna. Louie C. is a stenographer holding 
a position in the head office of the Woodmen 
fraternity of Rock Island. Walter S., Irma, 
Georgie and Helen are at home. They also 
lost one son, George William, who died in 
1878 at the age of two years. The parents 
belong to the Kimber Methodist Episcopal 
church and for several years Mr. Reilly was 
superintendent of the Sunday-school, which 
for three years was the largest Sunday- 
school of the city, owing to his earnest and 
indefatigable efforts in its behalf. He has 
erected three residences in Danville and has 
aided in improving the city along many 
lines. A man of strong purpose, of indubit- 
able probity, of marked devotion to any 
cause which he espouses, he has at all times 
and in all places commanded the respect and. 
confidence of his fellow men. 



124 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



TI-IOMAS A. HOWARD. 

Thomas A. Howard, wlio was born in 
West Virginia, January 4, 1852, is a son of 
J. \\^ and Sarah (Adams) Howard, who 
w'ere natives of Virginia and were there 
married. Our subject was the third in order 
of birtl: in the family of three children and 
was educated in Iowa and in \^ermilion 
county, Illinois, while upon his father's 
farm he was reared, working in the fields 
through the months of summer and attend- 
ing school through the winter seasons. At 
the age of twenty-one he engaged in farm- 
ing on his own account and about 1880 he 
turned his attention to the confectionery 
business, which he conducted for a time and 
then established a meat market which he 
carried on for two years. He built the first 
twostory building in Fairmount and en- 
tered the grocery trade, being identified with 
that line of commercial activity until 1901. 
In his various business enterprises lie has 
been successful, carefully controlling his af- 
fairs and \\Sth keen foresight and energy 
conducting his interests until they have been 
made to yield to him a good return. 

On the nth of October, 1881, Mr. 
Howard was united in marriage to Miss Ju- 
lia Lee, who was born in Vermilion county, 
September 25, 1855, a daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Jane (Saddler) Lee, both of 
whom are natives of West Virginia and be- 
came pioneer settlers of Vermilion county. 
Mrs. Howard was the third of their 
nine children and pursued her education in 
the public schools until she had entered upon 
the work of the senior yean She is an artist 
of exceptional ability, displaying particular 
skill in oil paintings, whereby she has won 
several premiums at the various fairs in Ho- 
mer and in Danville. She has engaged in 
teaching art for several years and a number 



of beautiful paintings of her production 
adoni the walls of her home. L^nto Mr. and 
Mrs. Howard have been born two children: 
Lottie Lee, who was married in June, 1900, 
to Thomas Hughes, of Fairmount; and Jo- 
seph Conrad, who is now thirteen years of 
age and is a student in the Fairmount 
schools. In his political views Mr. Howard 
is a Republican and is recognized as one of 
the leaders of his party in this locality. 
Called to public office by the vote of his fel- 
low townsmen, he served for two years on 
the board of aldermen and is now serving 
his second term as mayor of Fairmount, his 
re-election being indicative of his loyalty 
and efficient service. The cause of educa- 
tion has also found in him a warm friend 
and his co-operation in behalf of the schools 
has been of marked benefit. He is a liberal 
contributor toward the erection of the Bap- 
tist church now being constructed, and 
everything pertaining to the general good 
has found in him a friend, in fact, he has 
been a co-operant factor in whatever tends 
to advance the general welfare. He belongs 
to the blue lodge of Masons in Fairmount, 
in which he has passed all of the chairs and 
is also a meml>er of the Modern Woodmen 
Camp and the Court of Honor. Both he and 
his wife hold membership in the Baptist 
church and take an active interest in its 
work, Mrs. Howard serving as a teacher in 
the Sunday-school and as leader of the choir 
for a number of years. Mr. Howard can go 
back in memory to the pioneer epoch in the 
history of Vermilion county when the deer 
ran over the hills and when lesser wild game 
was to be had in abundance. This country 
was all wild, open prairie and the trees and 
bushes were the native growth. Mr. How- 
ard has always greatly enjoyed hunting and 
has killed many deer, bears and wild cats. 
A witness of the growth of the county he 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



125 



has seen it advance from its pioneer condi- 
tions to take its place with the leading coun- 
ties of this great commonwealth, and what- 
ever has been of benefit to the community 
has received his endorsement. 



JOHN M. CUSTER. 

John M. Custer, who is now practically 
living a retired life after a long and honor- 
able connection with business affairs in 
which he gained for himself a handsome 
competence, was born in Putnam county 
West Virginia, on the 3d of April, 1831. 
He is a son of John M. Custer, who was a 
farmer by occu^^ation and was born and 
reared in eastern Virginia. On leaving the 
Old Dominion the father emigrated west- 
ward to Champaign county, Illinois, set- 
tling in Homer in the '60s, but he was not 
long permitted to enjoy his new place of 
residence, his death occurring the following 
year. His wife, who bore the maiden name 
of Mary Brown and who was of English 
lineage, died when her son John was a boy 
of only ten years. There were six children 
by that marriage. The sisters are all now 
deceased, while the brothers of our subject 
are M. B. and Edward Custer, both well 
known farmers. After the death of his first 
wife John j\I. Custer, the father of our sub- 
ject, was married in Ohio to Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Meyers, who died in Urbana, Illinois, 
in 1902. 

The subject of this review began his 
education in a log schoolhouse with a dirt 
floor, split puncheon benches and greased 
paper windows, while the immense fireplace 
that occupied one end of the room, was 
built of mud and sticks. He received only 



limited educational privileges but in the 
school of experience he learned many valu- 
able lessons. In his early youth he worked 
in field and meadow, assisting his father on 
the home farm until he was eighteen years 
of age, when he made his way to Homer, 
Champaign county, Illinois. There he went 
to school for one year and followed farm- 
ing as a laborer for some time. On the 20th 
of April, 1858, he rented land and com- 
menced its cultivation on his own account. 

On the 20th of April of that year Mr. 
Custer was united in marriage to Miss 
Lauretta Long, who was born in Vermilion 
■ county, October 30, 1840, her parents hav- 
ing located here at an early day. She was a 
daughter of J. C. and Philadelphia F., 
(Spicer) Long, the former a native of Ohio 
and the latter of Kentucky, their marriage, 
howe\-er, being celebrated in Georgetown, 
Illinois. In his early life the father was a 
blacksmith by trade, but became identified 
with the ministry of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church and labored in behalf of that de- 
nomination until his death, which occurred 
near Urbana, Champaign county, in 1886. 
He was at that time a member of the con- 
ference, although he held superannuated re- 
lations with it. His wife died in 1869 and 
was buried in the Concord cemetery near 
Georgetown. 

At the time of his marriage Mr. Custer 
of this review was engaged in managing a 
hotel in Homer. In 1870 he removed to 
South Danville, where he has since been en- 
gaged in the ice business and in farming. 
He owns fifty acres of land on the river 
bottom between Danville and South Dan- 
ville. He continued alone in the ice trade 
until 1888, when he entered into partner- 
ship with John Beard. . The firm now util- 
izes eight wagons in the delivery of its pro- 



126 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



duct and its partners are regarded as the 
leading ice men of Danville. Their ice 
houses have a capacity of nine thousand 
tons and their trade is very extensive, the 
business constantly increasing. For several 
seasons Mr. Custer also engaged in tthe 
operating of coal mines on a small scale, 
working drift mines. To a large extent he 
is living retired, although he is still inter- 
ested in the ice business and looks after his 
land. 

Unto our subject and his wife have been 
born six children : Fannie, the wife of John 
Weaver, of Fairmount ; Mrs. Luella Yount, 
of Homer; John C, who married IMatilda 
Dickinson, of Danville, and is now manag- 
ing the ice business for the firm of Beard & 
Custer: Charles E., who is employed as a 
salesman by Isaac Stearns, of this city; May 
Viola, who is making a specialty of the 
study of vocal music ; Gertrude, at home ; 
and Jessie, who died at the age of four 
years. 

In his political views Air. Custer is a 
Republican and has several times been a 
member of the South Danville coun- 
cil. He belongs to Olive Branch Lodge, 
No. 38, F. & A. M.; to Chapter, No. 82, 
R. A. M. ; and to the commandery, Xo. 45, 
K. T. In his life he exemplifies the benev- 
olent spirit of the fraternity which is based 
upon mutual helpfulness and brotherly 
kindness. He is enterprising, intelligent, 
become one of the leading business men of 
honest man. Starting in life poor he has 
this city. His career has not been marked 
by business failure and vicissitudes, but by 
steady progress and straightforwardness. 
The methods which he adopted have been 
such as to lead to sucqess and therefore he is 
now enabled to live in practical retirement 
with a comfortable competence to supply 



him with all the necessaries and many of the 
luxuries of life. He has passed the psalm- 
ist's allotted span of three .score years and 
ten, being now se\enty-two years of age, 
but he still manifests an active interest in 
the city where he has so long resided and 
the welfare and progress to which he has 
largely contributed through his active co- 
operation in behalf of measures for the gen- 
eral good. 



MICHAEL KELLEY. 

A glance at the history of past centuries 
will indicate at once what would be the con- 
dition of the world if the mining interests 
no longer had a part in the industrial and 
commercial life. Only a few centuries ago 
agriculture was almost the only occupation 
of man and the landed proprietor surround- 
ed himself with his tenants and his servants 
who tilled his broad fields, while he reaped 
the reward of their labors; but when the rich 
mineral resources of the world were placed 
upon the market, industry found its way into 
newer and broader fields ; minerals were used 
in the construction of hundreds of inventions 
and the business of nations was revolution- 
ized. When considering these facts we can 
in a measure determine the value to man- 
kind of the mining interests. One who is 
connected with the mineral resources of Illi- 
nois is Michael Kelley. who is one of the 
oldest if not the oldest coal dealer in this^ 
state, operating extensive mines and having 
contracts for supplying some of the largest 
industrial concerns of the country with coal. 

Mr. Kelley was born in Ireland in 1837 
and was twenty years of age when he crossed 
the Atlantic to America, arriving in New- 
York on the 24th of July, 1857. He there 




MICHAEL KELLY 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



129 



remained until October of the succeeding 
year and worked for the g-overnment on 
fortifications at old Fort Schuyler on East 
river. He afterward spent four months in 
Pennsylvania and then came to Danville, in 
February, 1859. He was here employed in 
a brickyard through one summer and the 
next year secured work in the coal mines 
on the bluff, in i860. As his earnest labors 
brought to him some capital he resolved to 
engage in business for himself and purchased 
a piece of land which is now included within 
the city limits of Danville, being located near 
the Children's Home. He sold three acres 
of this but a portion of it he still retains. 
I\Ir. Kelley worked that place until about 
eighteen years ago, \vhen he bought twenty- 
six acres of land on South Fork, three miles 
from Danville, along the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois Railroad. He tjien sunk a mine to 
the depth of seventy feet and continued its 
operation for ten years. In the meantime 
he sunk several other mines in the same lo- 
cality. He now operates six mines, being 
the largest mine operator in Vermilion coun- 
ty. His output in 1902 from two of his 
mines was eight hundred thousand tons. He 
now owns in one body eight thousand acres 
of land, on which he has si.x mines which 
are in operation, while another is now being 
started. As he has increased his business 
along this line he has also extended his la- 
bors into other fields of business activity, 
his efforts covering a wide scope. He built 
both the town of Kelleyville and Westville 
upon his land. The former was established 
without saloons and has been so continued. 
Mr. Kelley owns three general stores in Kel- 
leyville, and one in Westville, and he 
owns about three hundred and fifty houses 
in those places. He has another gen- 
eral store in Danville. Fie employs about 

6 



two thousand se\'en hundred men in the 
mines, and the output for 1903 will be a 
little over two million one hundred and! 
fifty-four tons of coal. Probably no 
other resident in the county has done so 
much for his fellow men in the way of fur- 
nisiiing employment and thus enabling oth-- 
ers to serve him and retain their self-respect 
because they are self-supporting and inde- 
pendent. Fle is now under contract to fur- 
nish six hundred thousand tons of coal to 
the Standard Oil Company of Chicago each 
year and nine hundred thousand tons each 
year to the Illinois Steel Company for use 
in its plants in Chicago and Joliet. 

Mr. Kelley is generous of his means and 
those in need of assistance are often helped 
by him. He possesses a most benevolent 
and humanitarian spirit. He is now build- 
ing a lirick schoolhouse at \\^estviile which 
will cost lietween eight and ten thousand 
dollars. This will be a free school in charge 
of the Catholic sisters and will be given to 
the city. Mr. Kelley is a lilseral supporter 
of churches of all denominations and gives 
freely to enterprises calculated to prove of 
general good. In 1865, in Danville, was 
celebrated the marriage of our subject and 
Miss Mary Dunn, who was born in the 
Empire state. They now have two sons and 
three daughters: Michael, who married 
Birdie Podgett; Edward, who is engaged in 
bookkeeping for his father; Nellie, Ruth 
and Jennie, all at home. The family have 
an elegant home opposite the postoffice. the 
former residence of Judge Davis. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kelley lost one child, Mary, who was a 
graduate of the Catholic school at Notre 
Dame, Indiana, who died in 1900, at the age 
of twaity-four years. Two daughters. 
Ruth and Jennie, are now students at St. 
Mary's Academy, Notre Dame, Indiana. 



130 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



The famil}' are cummunicants of the Cath- 
ohc churcli. 

In his youth Air. Kelley had very 
limited opportunities for acquiring an edu- 
cation or to gain a start in life. He says 
that when he came to Danville he had noth- 
ing hut his health. That condition is a strong 
contrast to his present financial standing, 
for he today ranks among the wealthy men 
.of this state. All this is due to his business 
■■ability, his enterprise and unremitting la- 
bor. His life has ever been a very l)usy one 
and that he has advanced beyond others 
on the road to success is due not to any in- 
herited fortune or to a combination of lucky 
circumstances, but is the direct result of the 
exercise of qualities which may be culti- 
vated by all. His wealth has come to him 
from the discrimination and utilization of 
opportunity and the most envious cannot 
grudge him his success, so honorably has it 
been won and so worthily used is it. 



' SAMUEL W. BAUM. 

The three essential elements of success 
— industry, energy and jntelligence — may 
be acquired by all. They do not come 
through hereditary tendencies, save in a la- 
tent form which must be developed through 
exercise; they cannot be received as a leg- 
acy : nor can they be purchased. They are 
a matter of acquirement through cultivation 
and thus in a country unhampered by caste 
or class the road to success is open to all. 
Samuel W. Baum may well be termed a self- 
made man. for while he stands to-day 
among the prosperous men of Vermilion 
county, he was at the outset of his business 
career empty-handed and dependent entire- 
ly upon his own exertions. He became a 



leading farmer and stock-raiser, also ex- 
tended his ett'orts into other fields of en- 
deavor and now he is living retired in the en- 
joyment of the competence which he has 
gained. 

Mr. Baum was born February 15, 1842, 
on the old family homestead in Carroll 
township, Vermilion county, a son of Sam- 
uel and Sarah (Weaver) Baum. He be- 
gan his education in a little log schoolhouse 
in Indianola and after a few weeks entered 
a subscriptidu school taught in the old house 
that now stands i)eside the Baptist church. 
The teachers "boarded round" at the homes 
of the pupils. For two summers he was un- 
der the instruction of a capable lady teacher. 
Later he attended only for about two and a 
half months in the winter season, but in la- 
ter years he cultivated a power of observing 
as well as a love of reading and thus he con- 
tinually broadened his knowledge, becoming 
a well informed man. His father believed 
in keeping the boys busy and thus he early 
became familiar with hard work. He 
would break prairie with six yoke of oxen, 
turning a twenty-two inch furrow. After 
his father's death he left home and was em- 
ployed for a time as a farm hand by the day. 
His younger brother remained at home and 
as they each had a horse they had bought 
they made a team, purchased a plow and set 
of harness and rented their father's farm 
from the executors. After farming togeth- 
er for a year the\' borrowed some money 
and began buying yearling cattle, which they 
fed and grazed until they were three years 
old. when they fattened them and sold. The 
second vcar they both owned a team and re- 
mained on the farm. Their first crop 
brought eight and ten cents per bushel, but 
in war times prices advanced. 

When the estate was settled Samuel W. 
Baum received his share — eightv acres of 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



t3i 



raw prairie, and after the f(jurth year he 
broke this. The timber with which he 
fenced it, he hauled seven miles. His uncle 
said he would not fence it for the land — 
such was the estimate placed on prairie at 
that time. The next year Mr. Baum bought 
anotlier eighty- acre tract, fenced the entire 
amount and placed it under the plow. Dur- 
ing this time he and his brother had contin- 
ued in the cattle business together and the 
partnership was maintained until 1872, dur- 
ing which time thev became extensive ship- 
pers of and dealers in cattle. They then dis- 
solved partnership, but Mr. Baum continued 
the business and from time to time he pur- 
chased more land until his possessions now 
aggregate fourteen hundred acres in Ver- 
milion county. I'br several years he boarded 
Avith his sister, Mrs. Pugh, who lived near 
by, and then he erected a small frame house, 
but later made extensive, valuable and splen- 
did improvements on his farm until it was 
one of the best countr)' seats of this portion 
of the state. There he lived until Novem- 
ber, 1S90, when he removed to Danville, 
and after two years he came to Indianola. 
Avhere he purchased property and has since 
made his home. While he is practically liv- 
ing retired, he yet gives his supervision to 
his large farm. He has been one of the most 
■extensive dealers in cattle in eastern Illinois 
and for many years he was interested in 
fancy stock. In 1892 he fed six head of two 
years-old steers, that weighed on an average 
of nineteen hundred and fifty pounds. For 
many years he bred fancy shorthorn cattle, 
and he gave some attention to horses but 
made a specialty of beef cattle and hogs. For 
a time he was connected with the Danville 
Fair Association and the Indianola Associa- 
tion, and has ever been interested in what- 
ever tends to promote advancement along 
agricultural lines. His attention, however. 



has not been confined entirely to farm pro- 
ducts and kindred industries for he is a 
stockholder in the large Emery dry-goods 
house of Danville. 

On the 5th of November, 1879, Mr. 
Baum was united in marriage to j\Iiss Delia 
Stewart, a native of X'ermilion county and 
a daughter of Joseph and Sarah Jane 
(Cochran) Stewart. She was born on the 
old Achilles Morgan farm in the first brick 
house built in this county. Her parents 
were natives of Browri county, Ohio, were 
there married and in an early day went to 
Woodford county, Illinois. They went 
down the Ohio to the Mississippi, then up 
the latter to the Illinois and after following 
that waterwa}- for a time, landed at Spring 
Bay. whence they proceeded on horse back 
to their destination. After a residence of 
five or six years in Woodford county they 
came to Vermilion county and purchased 
the old Morgan farm in (ieorgetown town- 
ship, .southeast of Danville. Mr. Stewart 
lived to be sixty-four years of age and died 
in Danville, to which place he had removed 
after his children had married and left 
home. His widow now makes her home 
with her youngest daughter, Mrs. R. A. 
Rouse. To them were born seven daugh- 
ters : Mary Malinda, who died when three 
months old; Thamer Elizabeth, the twin of 
Mary and the wife of Thomas Patrick, who 
is a farmer of Vermilion county, Indiana; 
Lavina, the wife of J. C. Maddox, of Sidell 
township ; Sarah Amanda, who died at the 
age of five years; Josephine, the wife of 
Jasper N. Baum, of Edgar county, Illinois; 
Delia, the wife of Samuel Baum ; and Dol- 
lie, the wife of R. A. Rouse, of Danville. 

In politics Samuel Baum has been a Re- 
publican since voting for Abraham Lincoln 
in 1S64, but he has never held or wanted of- 
fice, preferring to give his attention to his 



132 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



business affairs, in \\hicli lie has met with 
signal success. He is a self-niatle man in 
the best sense of that term, having had 
no assistance in his business career, and 
while winning prosperity he has also gained 
the respect and goodwill of his fellow men 
and is numbered among the valued and lead- 
ing men of the county. 



FRANCIS ASBURY COLLISON. 

J'rancis Asbury Collison is an extensive 
land owner and stock dealer in \'ermilion 
county, controlling large business interests, 
which demand executive force and ability, 
keen foresight and enterprise. He is wide- 
ly known throughout the county as "Bury" 
Colliscm and is recognized as one of the lead- 
ing representatives of stock-dealing interests 
of this ])ortion of the state. \''ennilion 
county claims him as one of her native sons, 
hfs birth having occurred June 25. 1837, in 
Pilot township, upon a farm which forms a 
part of his estate. He obtained his early 
education in the log school house and re- 
mained at home with his parents vintil 
twenty-two years of age, after which he was 
associated with his brother in Potomac for 
a year or two. 

On the 25th of October, 1866. Mr. Col- 
lison was united in marriage to Xannie J. 
Howard, who was born in Pilot township, 
February 20, 1846, a daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah (Martin) Howard. Her mother 
died during the infancy of Mrs. Collison 
and the father passed away when she was 
but five years of age. She had one sister, 
Margaret, and a half brother. G. C. How- 
ard, but the former died at the age of six- 
teen years. After the death of his first wife 



Mr. Howard had married Miss Barbara 
(Snyder j Morrison, who is now living in 
Potomac and is the widow of William I. 
Allen. 

The marriage of our subject and his 
wife was lilessed with nine children, of 
whom se\'en sur\ive. Fred married Fmma 
Martin and is lixing in Rantoul. Harry 
married Mollie Martin, a sister of his- 
brother's wife, and the two brothers are en- 
gagcil m the banking business, conducting 
the First National Bank of Rantoul. Lillie 
is the wife of David Fowler, of Danville 
township. Lulu, a twin sister of Lillie, is 
the wife of Robert Pollock, who is a stock- 
holder and cashier of the bank at Gilman. 
Illinois. Mae is the wife of E. G. Stephens, 
a farmer of Pilot township. ]\Iaude is the 
wife of Charles Atwood, who is conducting 
a general store in Collison. Nellie com- 
pletes the family. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Collison 
also have eight grandchildren. Thev lost 
two children : Joseph, who died at the age 
of seven months ; and Jessie, who died at the 
age of three months. He had given to tlieir 
children excellent educational jjrivileges. 
The youngest son is a graduate of the law 
department of the University of .Michigan 
at Ann .Arbor and was admitted to the Illi- 
nois bar but ne\-er practiced. I'red is a 
graduate of the (iem City Business Col- 
lege of Ouincy, Illinois, and for a number 
of terms engaged in teaching in the district 
schools and in the intermediate department 
of the public .schools of Indianola. The twin 
daughters attended De Pauw L^niversitv at 
(ireencastle. Indiana, and IMaude was a stu- 
dent in the Normal School at Normal, Il- 
linois. 

The first land which Mr. Collison ever 
owned \\as a tract of one hundred and 
twentv acres which he receixed as his share 






\c 




THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



135 



of the estate which belonged to his father, 
who was the owner of nine hundred acres, 
and to this property our subject has added 
from time to time until his landed posses- 
sions now aggregate between eleven and 
twehe hundred acres, all of which is located 
in Pilot township with the exception of a 
quarter section in Oakwood ' township. 
From the age of sixteen years he has been 
•engaged in the stock business, giving much 
of his time to dealing in live stock. In an 
€arly day he drove cattle to Chicago, but his 
first shipments were made to New York. 
He now ships on an average of from ten 
to twelve carloads of stock each year 
and is breeding shorthorn cattle. For a 
number of years he is engaged in the 
cultivation of his fields, but of recent 
years he has rented his land, all save 
his pastures. Splendid improvements have 
been made upon his farm, which under his 
supervision has been brought to a rich state 
of cultivation. In 1880 he gave his first 
contract for tiling to the amount of two 
thousand dollars and almost every-year since 
that time he has added to the amount of 
tiling upon his place. One year he was a 
half owner in a tile factory east of Collison. 
In 1885 he erected his present beautiful 
home which stands on the site of the old 
residence so that he has here lived for 
thirty-five consecutive j-ears. His present 
palatial residence contains thirteen rooms, 
a bath, broad halls and all modern equip- 
ments and its furnishings indicate the re- 
fined and cultured tastes of the owners. 

Although not a member of any church 
Mr. Collison attends the Methodist Episco- 
pal church of which his wife is a member 
and he belongs to the Masonic fraternity, 
having formerly been identified with the 
lodge at Potomac. The first postofiice in 



Pilot township was secured through the ef- 
forts of ]\Ir. Collison and was called Bixb3^ 
being located on a portion of his farm. It 
was looked upon with disfavor by many at 
first but later they realized it was one of the 
best things that was ever done for the town- 
ship. In politics he is a stalwart Republi- 
can and has held some minor of^ces, but has 
never been an aspirant for political honors, 
preferring to devote his time and energies 
to his business affairs. Few men in Ver- 
milion county are more widely known than 
is "Bury" Collison, whose residence here 
covers sixty-five years — the entire period of 
his life. While he has controlled extensive 
business interests and won splendid success 
he has never allowed the accumulation of 
wealth to warp his kindly nature or to in- 
fluence him in any degree in his associations 
with old time friends. He is a genial gentle- 
man, companionable and kindly, and is very 
popular among those who know him. He 
certainly deserves to be classed among the 
representative agriculturists of this part of 
the state. Though he received some assist- 
ance in starting out in life his splendid pros- 
perity is due to his own efforts, to his 
diligence and to his correct business prin- 
ciples, and through the exercise of these 
qualities he has won success, which places 
him in the front rank among the substantial 
citizens of his native countv. 



GEORGE E. COCKERTOX. 

Among the "captains of industry" in 
Danville may be numbered George E. Cock- 
erton, a self-made man, who at the outset 
of his business career realized that there is 
no excellence without labor and whose ef- 



136 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



forts therein have been exercised consecu- 
tively in an endeavor to acquire a hand- 
some competence. In tliis lie has suc- 
ceeded and at the same time he has won 
honor and respect which is accorded to 
those whose business careers will bear close 
investigation and scrutiny. As a boy in 
1864 ]\Ir. Cockerton came to Danville with 
his parents. John C. and Hannah (Pate) 
Cockerton, who are yet residents of this city. 
The family is of English lineage and repre- 
sentatives of the name came from England 
to America, locating first in Chicago, Illi- 
nois, afterward in Ldgin and subsequently in 
this city. Both the father and mother of 
our subject were born in England and the 
year of their emigration to America was 
1849. The father was engaged in finishing 
woolen goods. In the family were three 
children, but one brother, Frank, died in 
Dan\ille at the age of forty-seven years. 
The sister, Mrs. Edgar C. Dodge, now in 
Chicago, was a teacher in the schools of 
Danville prior to her marriage. 

George E. Cockerton completed his edu- 
cation in the high school of Danville under 
the direction of Professor Spellman, leav- 
ing that institution at the age of seventeen 
years. From the age of fourteen he has 
been connected almost continuously with the 
printing business. He first entered the of- 
fice of the Danx'ille Plaindealer, owned by 
the firm nf Clapp & Evans. Subsequently 
he entered the office of the Danville Times, 
own.ed by A. (i. Smith and closely applying 
himself to his work, he liecame one of the 
best printers in this portion of the country, 
being made manager of a plant. A weekly 
paper was published and a large jobbing 
business carried on, ^Ir. Cockertfin having 
supervision of the mechanical department 
and business management of the Enteiprise 
between the ages of eighteen and twenty- 



one years. On attaining his majoritv he 
went to the east where he remained for four 
years and there further acquainted himself 
with the line of work which he had chosen 
for a life occupation, h'or several years he 
was also employed in Indianapolis and whaa 
the financial panic of 1877 involved the 
country he came to Danville in response to 
an offer which was made him to take charge 
of the Times. He occupied that position for 
two years, managing the jobbing depart- 
ment. In 1879 he formed a partnership 
with F. F. Bowman, in the establishment of 
a job and ])rinting office on a small scale. 
Immediate failure was predicted for the new 
firm by all, but in face of these dire predic- 
tions they have succeeded, their strong reso- 
h'.tion, enterprise and good workmanship 
enabling them to overcome all oljstacles and 
difficulties in their path. At the expiration 
of three )-ears their business was sold 
at a good advance. Later Mr. Cockerton es- 
tablished a job office alone and conducted it 
for four x'ears. On the expiration of that 
])erio(l ilie Press Company was. formed. Mr. 
Cockerton becoming inisiness manager and 
in that position he remained for two years. 
In 1889 he established an exclusive job and 
book business, and in January, 1901, he 
admitted his son to a partnership in the 
business. The new enterprise j^rospered 
from the beginning. The |)ublic had already 
I)ec')me familiar with his good workman- 
sliip and comprehensive knowledge of the 
])rinting l)usincss in all its departments and 
it was not long before he had secured a lib- 
eral ])atronage. In 1898 he added a Iniok 
binding plant and also began manufacturing 
rubber stamps. The book binding and 
stamp nianuf.-icturing departments arc now 
under the direct management of Herbert F. 
Cockerton, the junior mcuilK.'r of the firm, 
and this ))ranch of his business has had i)he- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



137 



nonienal growth. Tlie plant is valued at ten 
thotisand dollars and the value is constantly 
being increased by the addition of new ma- 
chinery and equipments calculated to pro- 
mote the effectixeness of the work and ad- 
vance the practical utility of the business. 

In 1876 was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr. Cockerton and Miss Lillian E. Jack, of 
Indianapolis. She was born in Centerville, 
Indiana, a daughter of Mathew \V. and 
Ann (Sackett) Jack. Both parents are now 
deceased. In their family were ten chil- 
dren, of \\'hom Mrs. Cockerton was the 
youngest. Thomas Carroll, of Carrollton, 
Maryland, a signer of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, was an uncle of her father. Mr. 
Jack died in Chicago at the age of ninety- 
one years. He was a tailor by trade and in 
later years carried on merchandising. He 
held membership in the Tippecanoe Club of 
Chicago and was quite prominent in public 
affairs there. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Cocker- 
ton has been born one son, Herbert E. He 
was married in November, 1901, to Miss 
Lola G. Young, who was born in Danville 
in February, 1880, a daughter of C. M. 
Young, one of the well known residents of 
this city and general agent for the Home 
Sewing Machine Company for Indiana and 
Illinois. Mr. Cockerton owns a residence 
at No. 310 Oak street, valued at five thou- 
sand dollars, and has a suliurl.ian fruit ranch 
at the northeast corner of the city covering 
two acres and planted to small fruit. His 
father lives at that place. The son owns 
property at No. 710 Gilbert street. Mr. 
Cockerton is a member of Olive Branch 
Lodge. No. 38, F. & A. M. ; Vermilion 
Chapter, No. 82, R. A. M. ; Danville Coun- 
cil, No. 83, R. & S. M. : and Athelstan Com- 
mandery. No. 45, K. T. Of the last named 
he is past eminent commander and is past 
chancellor of Oamascus Lodge, No. 84, K. 



P.. He likewise belongs to the Benevolent 
and Protecti\e Order of Elks and to Paugh- 
caughnaughsinque Tribe, Improved Order 
of Redmen. He holds membership relations 
with the Cycling Club and has been a mem- 
ber of the Chamber of Commerce since its 
organization. His name is also on the 
membership roll of Danville Council, No. 
160, of the National Lnion. In his life his- 
tory are many ex'idences of excellent busi- 
ness ability. His prosperity cannot be at- 
tributed to a combination of lucky circum- 
stances, but has arisen from energy, enter- 
prise, integrity and intellectual effort well 
directed. He is a man of strong individual- 
ity and indubitable probity and one whose 
influence has ever been exerted in behalf of 
measures contributing to the general good. 



W. A. COCHRAN, M. D. 

\y. A. Cochran who in the practice of 
medicine has displayed skill and comprehen- 
sive knowledg'e that ranks him among the 
leading members of the medical fraternity 
in Danville, was born in Madison, Indiana, 
in 1850. and is a son of Andrew and ]\Iin- 
erva (Morris) Cochran. The father, also 
a native of Madison, was a contractor and 
builder and in the year 1855 remo\-ed to 
Brookston, Indiana, where the mother died 
of smallpox in 1861. The father however, 
long survived her, passing away in Brooks- 
ton in November, 1901. By the first mar- 
riage there were three children of whom the 
Doctor is the eldest. His brother and sister 
died in childhood. After the death of his 
first wife Andrew Cochran was again mar- 
ried and by the second union had two sons, 
Clyde and Sherman, both of whom are now 
living in Brookston. 



138 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Dr. Cochran pursued his studies in the 
Brookston Academy, lea\ing tliat institu- 
tion in 1868. I'lie following year he took 
up the study of medicine, entering the Ohio 
Medical College at Cincinnati, where he 
was graduated in 1873. The same year he 
estahlished the office in Brookston, Indiana, 
where he remained for one year after which 
he engaged in practice for a year in Han- 
over, Kentucky. On the expiration of that 
period he located in Indianapolis where he 
remained in practice until 1882. which was 
the year of his arrival in X'ermilion county, 
Illinois. He established his home and office 
at Grape Creek where he remained until 
1895, when he came to Danville, where he 
has since li\ed. Experience of a varied 
character in former years, combined witk 
reading, study and investigation have al- 
ready made him a capable physician and in 
the city of his adoption he has long since 
left the ranks of the many to stand among 
the successful few. 

In 1877 occurred the marriage of Dr. 
Cochran and jNIiss Martha P. Medaris, the 
wedding taking place in Brookston, Indiana. 
The lady was born in Hartford, Indiana, 
April 3, 1855, a daughter of John Medaris, 
a physician of Brookston, Indiana. Her 
mother, ho\\e\er, is now deceased. The 
Doctor and ]\lrs. Cochran have two chil- 
dren : Charles H., who was born February 
7, 1878, is a machinist in the employ of the 
Danville foundry and machine shops; Helen 
E., born August 30, 1880, is a graduate of 
the Danville high school. The Doctor is 
identified socially with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, the Tribe of Ben 
Hur and the Bene\'olent and Protective Or- 
der of Elks. In politics he is a Republican 
and for seven years he filled the office of 
county physician, while for two terms he was 
police magistrate at Grape Creek, Illinois. 



In i8cj4 he was elected assistant supervisor of 
Danville township. His home is at No. 910 
\"ermilion street where he has a pleasant 
residence. In the line of his profession he 
is connected with the Tri County and the. 
State Medical Associations. He is engaged 
in the general practice of medicine and sur- 
gery and has served on the hospital surgical 
staff of the Vermilion county hospital for 
seven years. He is also examining physi- 
cian for a number of insurance companies 
and in this profession where advancement 
depends solely on strong mentality and in- 
dividual merit he has steadily worked his 
way u])ward until he now occupies a very 
creditable place in the ranks of the medical 

fraternity. 

♦-•-• 

LE\TX D. GASS. 

Levin D. Gass is the well known cashier 
of the First National Bank of Danville and 
to say of him that he has arisen unaided 
from comparati\x obscurity to rank among 
the leading business men of Danville is a 
statement that seems trite to those familiar 
with his life, yet it is just to say in a history 
that will descend to future generations, that 
his business record has been one that any 
man would be proud to possess. Through 
his entire business career he has been looked 
upon as a model of integrity and honoT, 
never making an engagement that he has not 
fulfilled, and stands to-day an example of 
what determination and force combined 
with the highest degree of business integ- 
rity can accomplish for a man of natural 
ability and strength of character. He is re- 
spected by the comniunit}' at large and hon- 
ored bv his Imsiness associates. 

Mr. (iass was l)orn in Catlin, Illinois, 
November 22. i8;8. His father, T<-ihn H. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



141 



Gass was born in Tennessee and died in 
August, 1895, in Chicago. He had been en- 
gaged in the hve stock commission business 
in tliat city in connection with John Adams, 
Son & Compan}', for twenty-four years. He 
took up his abode in Vermihon county in 
1856, and in Danville in 1866. He was a 
wholesale and retail grocety of the ctiy as 
well as an extensive dealer in live stock in 
Chicago. His wife died in I'ebruary, 1901. 
In the family were the following children : 
Hamlet; Charles; Mrs. George Cutter and 
Mrs. Butler Miller, all of Chicago; and Mrs, 
Olmstead, of Danville. 

I,e\in D. Gass pursued his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of Danville and 
then became a high school student. In 1S75 
he put aside his te.xt books and entered the 
First National Bank under J. G. English as 
president and E. H. Palmer as cashier. He 
acted as messenger and errand boy in the 
early days of his connection with the insti- 
tution and afterward served as collector for 
eighteen months and was then advanced to 
the position of general bookkeeper, which 
incumbency he retained for two years, after 
which he was individual bookkeeper for 
eighteen months. On the expiration of that 
period he was made teller and when four 
years had passed he was again promoted. 
becoming assistant cashier, in which ca- 
pacity he served for fourteen years. For 
five years he has been cashier of the insti- 
.tution and its growth and progress during 
this period is largely attributable to his ef- 
forts. He is a stockholder and director of 
the bank and his thorough understanding 
of the banking business combined with 
close application and unremitting diligence 
ha\-e made him one of the most valued of- 
ficers of the institution and a man who has 
won and retains the public confidence and 



regard. ' He is also a stockholder in the 
Danville Buggy Company and he owns 
both city and farm property, having made 
judicious investments in real estate. 

In this city, in 1881, Mr. Gass married 
Miss Eva Hulce, a native of Marshall coun- 
ty, Illinois, and a daughter of INIartin Hulce, 
now deceased, who was the president of the 
Danville Buggy Company. They have four 
children: Lewis, Martin, Inez and How- 
ard, all of whom are yet under the parental 
roof and are now students in school. The 
family home is at No. 318 Gilbert street and 
the household is celebrated for its gracious 
hospitality. 

Fraternally Mr. Gass is connected with 
the blue lodge and the chapter of Masonry. 
He also belongs to the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, the Knights of 
Pythias fraternity and the Modern Wood- 
men of America, For many years he has 
been a member of the Kimber ^lethodist 
Episcopal church, of which he has been a 
trustee. He takes a very prominent and 
acti\e part in politics, is a stanch Republican 
and has served as school treasurer and presi- 
dent of the board of education in Danville. 
He was one of those who helped to start the 
mo\enient which caused the Republicans of 
Illinois to give an almost universal support 
to the sound money plank of the platform 
in 1896 and led the state delegation to give 
its unanimous strength to the ]McKinley 
ticket in that year. His has been a busy, 
useful and honorable life and while business 
affairs have made close demands upon his 
attention he has yet found time and oppor- 
tunity to faithfully perform his duties of 
citizenship and of social life. He has a very 
wide acquaintance in Danville and the circle 
of his friends is almost co-extensiA'e there- 
with. His enterprise and commercial ac- 



142 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



tivity have not t^nly contributed to his indi- 
vidual welfare but ha\e been a potent force 
in adsancing business prosperity here. 



FRAXKLIX ROBERT OSBORX. 

Franklin Knbert Osborn. who is en- 
gaged in tlie publication of the Ridgefarm 
Repul)lican, was bom February 24. 1859, 
in Mahomet, Champaign county, Illinois, 
his parents Ijeing RolDcrt Osborn and Mar- 
garet Allen (Flenley) Osborn. The Os- 
Ijorns were among the early English colon- 
ists who settled in North Carolina and grad- 
ual! \- migrated westward first to Kentucky 
and thence to Indiana. It was between the 
vears 1820 and 1823 that James Osborn, the 
grandfather (jf our subject, settled in Ver- 
milion county, Illinois, where Robert Os- 
born. the father of our subject, was born in 
1824. The family resided at the place of 
their first residence for nine years and then 
removed t<i a home'near the present site of 
Homer in Champaign county, where the 
grandfather remained for a year. He next 
located in tlie western ])art of the county 
and entered a tract ot land, securing his pat- 
ent from the government. This lan<l 
has constituted the old homestead down to 
the present time. Robert Osborn, who is 
spoken of in preceding histories of Vance 
township and in whose home it it reported 
was held the first public worship in that 
township, was a great uncle of the subject 
of this review. The Osborns were ever an 
honored ui)right people and no taint of dis- 
honor is e\er attached to the name. 

In the district schools Mr. Osborn of this 
review began his education, which he con- 
tinued in the Mahomet high school, in the 
Central In.diana Xornial School at Dan- 



ville and in tlie ( hamiiaign Business Col- 
lege in which he was gratluated in 1887. 
At night and morning he walked three and 
a half miles to high school and was only 
once tardy during that peri(jd and that was 
on a day when the hogs were being killed on 
the farm. He was one of only two pupils 
who studied grammar in the country 
schools, but he was always aml)itious to se- 
cure a good education and put forth every 
effort in his power that would advance this 
result. He remained u])on the home farm 
assisting in its cultixation and improvement 
until twenty-two years of age and in his 
youth he was ever fond of outdoor sports, 
being quite athletic. He engaged in wrest- 
ling, racing and jumping and these boyhood 
pleasures also contributed in large and bene^ 
ficial measure to his physical development. 
.\s he grew older it became his desire to 
study law, l)Ut he was dissuaded from this 
step by his parents who thought to succeed 
in that profession meant a life of chicanery. 
He, therefore, took u]) the profession of 
teaching which he followed with a marked 
degree of success for thirteen years. During 
five years of this time, from 188S until 1892. 
he was princip;;] of a graded school at 
Tliomasboro and in 1892 and 1893 '^^ ^^'''^ 
at Ogden. In 1894 he entered upon journa- 
listic work. On the 24th oi Februarv of 
that year — on the dav on which he was 
thirty-fi\e years of age — he purcha.ed the 
INIelvin Transcript in Ford cotinty and re- 
mained its cilitiir and ])ublisher for five 
years, or until March, 1899, "^vhen he sold 
that paper and purchased the Ridgefarm 
Republican, which he still owns. Its pa- 
tronange is continually increasing and there 
is now a large subscri])lion list in addition to 
which the paper has liecome an excellent ad- 
vertising medium. Se\cral cruises led Mr. 
Osborn to abandon tericliing and enter into 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



145 



other work, tlie close confinement of tlie 
school room, second, a desire for a more in- 
dependent Hfe, third, a wish to prepare aii. 
einployment which wonld keep the son at 
home when not in school, and fourth, a wish 
to deal with people who had attained mature 
years and to become an active factor in the 
business world. On the 7th of August, 
i88g, Mr. Oslx)m was united in marriage 
to Miss Lillian Elmira Thompson, of Ran- 
toul, Illinois, Dr. Frank Crane officiating". 
The lady was born in Morris, Illinois, in 
1864 and in 1868 was taken by her parents 
to Champaign county, where she grew to 
womanhood and became a teacher, success- 
fully following that profession for nine 
years. Her father, Thomas Thompson, was 
a veteran of the war of the Rebellion and 
served under Commodore Foote in his oper- 
ations which terminated successfully in 
opening up the Mississippi river. Three 
children have been born unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Osborn : Merwyn Oliver, twelve years of 
age ; Pauline Theodora, aged eleven years ; 
and Robert Thompson, seven months old. 
Mr. Osborn has never asked for nor held 
any public offices yet he has been a very ac- 
tive factor in the progress and improvement 
of various localities in which he has lived 
and has left the impress of his individuality 
tipon public thought and feeling. While in 
Champaigii county he labored earnestly and 
effectively for the improvement of the 
county schools and for a course of study 
with the result that the educational interests 
of that portion of the state gained a place 
in the front rank in Illinois. Mr. Osborn 
has always been an earnest Republican, un- 
tiring in his advocacy of the party principles 
and he has delivered many campaign 
addresses in behalf of the men and measures 
of that organization. Reared in the faith 
of the Methodist church, he became one of 



its memljers when nineteen years of age and 
while in Champaign county he established 
the first "evergreen" Sunday-school at 
Thomasboro and was also one of the most 
potent factors in the founding of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church at that place and he is 
now a trustee of the church of his denomi- 
nation in Ridgefarm. He is the president of 
the St. Paul's Epworth League and in 1899 
he was a delegate to the international con- 
vention of the League at Indianapolis. So- 
cially connected with the Knights of Pythias 
fraternity, Mr. Osborn held the office of pre- 
late for two years and then declined to serve 
longer on account of illness in his im- 
mediate family. He is a member of the 
Modern \\'oi)(lmen of America and of the 
Royal Circle and in the latter he served for 
three terms as worthy ruler and then de- 
clined re-election. He was also a member of 
the McKinley Marching Club of 1898. Ac- 
tivity, energy and determination have been 
salient characteristics in his career and were 
noticeable when in his youth and early man- 
hood he was a social leader, while later they 
formed an important part of his successful 
work as a teacher and are now manifest in 
his career as a journalist. 



JAMES U. PRATHER. 

James L. Prather, who carries on agri- 
cultural pursuits on section 15, Ross town- 
ship, where he owns two hundred and forty 
acres of valuable land, was born on the 27th 
of May. 1851, in this township, represent- 
ing one of the old pioneer families of Ver- 
milion county. The Prather family has 
long been identified with pioneer life, not 
only in this state but in Kentucky as well, 
and the great-grandfatlier of our suljject 



144 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



was killed l)y the Indians in the l>lue (jrass 
state, at the time when the red men were so 
hostile to the white settlers and killed so 
many of thenr tliat the country Ijecame 
knnwn as "the dark and bloody ground." 
Jonathan Prather was reared and married 
in Kentucky and there several of his chil- 
dreri were born. Jerry Prather, the father, 
removed to Illinois, settling in \'ermilion 
countv north of Danville, where he secured a 
wild tract of land afterward entering it from 
the government. Turning the furrows in 
his fields he developed his place into a richly 
cultivated farm upon which he spent his last 
years. He was born in Kentucky aljout 
1820, and shared with the other members 
of the household in all the liardships and 
trials incident to the establishment of a pio- 
neer home here. He was married to Eve- 
Ivn ■Miller, also a native of Kentucky, and a 
daughter of (Cornelius Miller, a pioneer resi- 
dent of Fountain county, Indiana. After 
their marriage the young couple located in 
Ross townsluix where Jerry Prather became 
the owner of several hundred acres of land. 
He developed a good farm about three miles 
east of Rossville and was engaged in its 
cultivation and improvement. When in the 
prime of life he was called to the home be- 
yond, passing away in 1859. His first wife 
had died some years before and he after- 
ward married again. His second wife, after 
losing her first husband, also married again. 
Tames U. Prather, of this review, was 
the voungest in a family of seven children, 
all of whom reached mature years and were 
married, while four of the number are yet 
living. Sarah A., the eldest, is the wife of 
Daniel Kite, of Cass county, Missouri. Jon- 
athan is a resident of Rossville. Elizabeth 
C. is the wife of William Gundy, of Har- 
risonville, Cass county, Missouri. James N. 
I'rather, of this review, was reared on the 



f.arm and as socju as old enough to follow 
the i)low he began work in the fields. After 
his father's death he lived with his eldest 
sister until he had attained the age of eigh- 
teen years, when, in 1869, he went to 
^\'rigl^t county, Missouri, remaining there 
for about twelve months, during which time 
he worked upon a farm. In 1870, however, 
he returned to Vermilion county, rented land 
here and engaged in farming for a number 
of years. After living upon a tract of one 
Imndrcd acres for a number of years he re- 
moved to Hoopeston, where he resided in re- 
tirement from labor for ten years. In 1902, 
however, he purchased the farm upon which 
he uiiw resides on section 15, Ross town- 
ship, located thereon and began the further 
improvement of this place. It is one of the 
fine farms of the community. ^ 

Near Carlisle, Arkansas, about 1878, oc- 
ctuTed the marriage of James U, Prather 
and Mariah L, Moyer, a native of Ver- 
milion county and a daughter of Samuel 
Moyer, one of tlic old settlers of Illinois. 
Her mother bore the maiden name of Nancy 
Gundy and they were married in Ross town- 
ship. She is now deceased and Mr. Moyer, 
who has married again, is now living in 
Houston, Texas. After the war he removed 
to Tennessee, later to Arkansas and is now 
a resident of the Lone Star state. Mrs, 
Prather spent the greater part of her girl- 
hood in Arkansas and prior to her marriage 
was a successful teacher. Four children 
ha\e been born of this union : Jennie, Eth- 
el, James h'orrest and Maude A,, all of 
whom are still under the parental roof, 

Mr. Prather has been lujuored with 
l)ul)lic offices by his fellow townsmen who 
ha\e recognized his worth and ability and 
ha\e therefore nominated him for positions 
of public trust. lie has served as township 
trustee, filling the office altogether for 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



147 



t\vel\-e years. He has never I^een a poli- 
tician, however, in the sense of office seek- 
ing for his business affairs have made heavy 
demanils upon his time and attention. His 
first presidential ballot was cast in 1872 
for General U. S. Grant and he has 
since been unfaltering in support of the 
Republican party. He and his wife 
and two daughters are members of 
the Christian church and he belongs to 
the Masonic fraternity in which lie has 
attained the Royal Arch degree. He 
nnw belongs to Hoopeston Lodge and is 
also connected with the Modern Woodmen 
of America. The name of Prather is in- 
separably interwoven in the history of V^er- 
milion county, as from pioneer times down 
to the present representatives of the family 
have teen prominent in promoting the sub- 
stantial upbuilding of this section of the 
state. Our subject carries on the work 
which was begun by his grandfather and 
continued by his father and is known as one 
whose interest in the county is deep and sin- 
cere. 



THOMAS WILLIAMS. 

Thomas Williams has passed the sev- 
entieth milestone of life's journey and is 
now living a retired life in Hoopeston. The 
regard in which he is uniformly held is evi- 
dence of his high character, and he may 
therefore l)e mentioned as a representative 
of the best element of citizenship in this 
community. He is a man of the strictest in- 
tegrity and one, who by his life of industry 
and the exercise of economy and wise judg- 
ment, has obtained for himself a compe- 
tence. He is now living retired from ac- 
tive labor in a pleasant home in Hoopeston, 
attractively located on East Penn street — a 



home that was built in 1901 and is a 
model of beauty and convenience. Mr. Wil- 
liams settled in this county during his in- 
fancy and he has assisted materially in 
gaining for it its present importance. 

Thomas Williams spent the first nine- 
teen years of his life in Harrison county, 
Ohio, where he was born November 29, 
i<S28. His father, Nathan Williams, was a 
native of Bedford county, Pennsylvania, 
and when a young man emigrated to Har- 
rison county, Ohio, where he engaged in 
teaching school for two years. Prior to 
this time he had learned the tailor's trade. 
In the Buckeye state he purchased a tract 
of land near Georgetown and there de- 
veloped a good farm. He married Sarah, 
a daughter of Nathan Hoopes, and unto 
them were born ten children, of whom 
Thomas of this review was the fifth in or- 
der of l)irth. The father died in 1841 when 
sixty years of age. The mother retained 
her residence in Ohio until after her chil- 
dren had reached mature years and then she 
come to the home of her son in this county, 
although she did not sell her property in 
Ohio. Her death here occurred in 18S1, 
when she was seventy-nine years of age. her 
birth having occurred in 1802. Like her 
husband she was a consistent member of 
the Society of Friends. 

Thomas Williams acquired his educa- 
tion in the common schools and lived with 
his widowed mother until he was nineteen 
years of age, when with the natural desire 
of youth for change he left home and went 
to work for his uncle, Thomas Hoopes, in 
Marion county, Ohio. He was thus em- 
ployed by the month for seven years and 
then he came to Illinois, bringing with him 
four hundred sheep. He was to engage in 
sheep raising on the shares and he made the 
journey to the west on foot, driving his flock 



148 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



through from Marion county, Ohio, to 
wlicre Hoopeston, VerniiHon county, now 
stands, a distance of four hundred miles, be- 
ing thirty days upon the road. He reached 
his destination October 20, 1853, and 
through tlie succeeding winter made his 
home with "Uncle Samuel"' Gilbert. His 
attention was given to caring for his sheep 
which he fed in the timber south of Ross- 
ville, and in the spring he located upon a 
farm owned by Mr. Hoopes on section 1 1 , 
Grant township, northwest of the present 
site of Hoopeston. At that time his nearest 
neighbor lived two and one-half miles to the 
south and his nearest neighbor on the 
north was eight miles distant, so that there 
was no one but Mr. Williams and his hired 
hand to keep the wolves away from the 
sheep. The dogs would chase the wolves 
for a short distance and then the latter 
would turn upon the dogs driving them 
back to the house. Therefore Mr. \\'illiams 
had to be on guard all through the day and 
at night he says he "slept with one eye 
open," although he had a wolf-proof pound 
in which the sheep were driven when even- 
ing fell. For two years he continued in this 
business and the second winter his flock was 
increased by an additional four hundred 
head, but the inclement weather and the 
rattlesnakes made sad havoc among live- 
stock and he was obliged to turn his atten- 
tion in another direction. He then purchased 
five yoke of oxen and a breaking plow and 
for three years was engaged in breaking 
prairie, being usually able to make one 
hundred dollars per month in the summer 
time. When the weather was suitable he 
could turn an eighteen to twenty inch fur- 
row. In the meantime he pre-empted one 
hundred and sixty acres of land in Iro- 
quois county, living thereon for a short time 



prior to his marriage and making a number 
of substantial improvements tliere. 

It was on the 9th of June. 1859, that 
Mr. Williams was joined in wedlock to 
Miss Lovina McFarland, of Iroquois coun- 
ty. She was born in Marion county, Ohio, 
a daughter of Andrew and Sarah McFar- 
land, who in 1857 remo\ed to Illinois, set- 
tling in Iroquois county, where Mrs. Wil- 
liams lived with her parents until her mar- 
riage. Six children were born of this union, 
but only three are now living: Charles C, 
A\'alter \\\ and Frank. 

About the time of his marriage yir. 
\\"illiams erected a small frame house and 
added to it a house standing near by, thus 
forming quite a comfortable abode for those 
times, and in this the newly wedded pair 
resided until Christmas. They then re- 
moved to a farm in the vicinity of Hoopes- 
ton^the same on which Mr. Williams had 
first herded sheep. He rented this until 
1863 and later purchasing seventy-five 
head of cattle, he established himself south- 
west of the present site of the town, his 
home being along the creek for about six- 
years. He next purchased the Churchill 
Boardman farm consisting of five hundred 
acres partially improved. He then began 
giving his attention in an undivided manner 
to stock raising, which business he carried 
on successfully until the railroad was built 
through this section of the county, after 
which he devoted his time more generally 
to farming. He shipped the first car load 
of cattle ever shipped out of Grant town- 
ship. In 1870, however, he met with an ac- 
cident which resulted in the breaking of his 
leg and therefore, leaving his farm, he took 
up his abode in Hoopeston, where he Ijegan 
buying grain and also operated an elevator 
in partnership with .\. T. Catherwcwd. For 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



149 



seven years they carried on the business with 
marked success, operating twelve different 
elevators during the last two years. Mr. 
Williams then retired from active life, hav- 
ing in the meantime acquired spelndid pros- 
perity. During these years he had become 
a half owner of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-five acres of land near Ambia, Ben- 
ton county, Indiana. He was one of a com- 
pany that was the first to experiment with 
sugar cane in this locality and later he be- 
came interested in a canning factory which 
canneil the corn product one nine hundred 
acres of land during the first year of the ex- 
istence of the plant. IMr. Williams, how- 
ever, was connected with this enterprise 
for only two seasons. A man of splendid 
business ability he has carried forward to 
successful completion whatever he has un- 
dertaken, and he possesses marked business 
foresight and enterprise. Starting out with 
only common-school advantages to aid him, 
working at the breaking plow for several 
seasons, he was imbued with a laudable am- 
bition to attain something better, and stead- 
ily he has advanced in those walks of life 
demanding keen discrimination, unflagging 
energy and marked enterprise. He has thus 
arisen to a prominent position among the 
substantial men of the count)'. During the 
past seven years, because of his invalid con- 
dition, he has given the management of his 
affairs over to his son Charles, and is thus 
relieved from further labor. He now owns 
thirteen hundred and twenty acres of land 
in Indiana, one thousand acres being near 
Ambia, and the remainder near Frances- 
ville. He also owns three hundred and 
twenty acres near Gibson City in Ford 
county, Illinois. His extensive possessions 
are the visible evidences of his life of indus- 
try. He, together with J. A. Cunningham, 



served as executor of the Thomas Hoopes 
estate, which was the largest estate ever 
settled in Vermilion county. 

Air. Williams has always given his po- 
litical support to the Republican party, and 
socially he is a Knight Templar Mason, 
while religiously he is connected with the 
Uni\-ersalist church and was a liberal con- 
tributor towartl the erection of the present 
house of worship of that denomination in 
Hoopeston. Upon locating in this city he 
purchased ground on Second avenue and 
there lived for four years. Later, he pur- 
chased property at the corner of Penn and 
Fifth streets, where he is now living. Mr. 
\Villiams commands respect as one of the 
prominent and influential residents of 
Hoopeston. His life has been one of con- 
tinued activity in which has been accorded 
due recognition to labor, and to-day he is 
numbered among those who by reason of a 
life of industry are enjoying substantial 
prosperity. His interests are thoroughly 
identified with those of Vermilion county 
and at all times he is ready to lend his aid 
and co-operation to any movement calcu- 
lated to benefit this section of the country 01 
advance its wonderful development. 



ELMER E. CUNNINGHAM. 

Elmer E. Cunningham, a son of John 
L. and Hannah (Swisher) Cunningham, is 
one of the leading, practical and progressive 
farmers of Vermilion county. Both of his 
parents were natives of this county and the 
father of our subject here purchased eighty 
acres of prairie land and forty acres 
of timber land, clearing the latter and 
breaking the entire tract, which he placed 



ISO 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



under a liigli state of eultixation, the motlier 
assisting' her hushand in improving the 
place.. They were married on the loth of 
November, 1859, and tlie lady was born in 
this county September 3, 1840, her parents 
being Lewis and Elizabeth (Starr) 
Swisher, who were among the earliest set- 
tlers of the county, taking up their abode 
here when the Indians were far more nu- 
merous than the white people. Her father 
was a nati\'e of Guilford county. North 
Carolina and her mother of Ohio, and Mrs. 
Cunningham was the fifth in order of birth 
of their family, the others being two broth- 
ers who reside in Danville, one in Iowa, an- 
other in Kansas, and a sister in Oklahoma. 
John L. Cunningham carried on agricul- 
tural piu'suils up to the time of his death, 
which occurred on the c;th of April, 1868. 
He had three children, of whom Charles T. 
died in infancy, while Elmer E. is the sec- 
ond in order of birth and the youngest is 
Louis \l.. of Dan\ille. .\fter the death of 
her first husband the mother was again 
married September 3, 1873, becoming the 
wife of George W. Justus. They had 
seven children, of whom four are living : 
Bertha, now the wife of William Starr ; 
Cora M., the wife of Roy Albright ; Frank 
M., who married Jessie Swisher; and Annie 
C, who is living with her mother. She was 
a school teacher for three years and for a 
similar ])eri(id held the olfice of postmistress, 
proving a capable official. 'Sh. Justus 
served as a deacon and elder in the Chris- 
tian church in which he long held member- 
ship and his life was e\'cr honorable and up- 
right. Through the greater part of his busi- 
ness career he carried on general merchan- 
dising, spending three years in this way in 
Danville and the remainder of the time in 
Blount township, conducting his store in 
Potomac, where he died on the 7th of May, 



1891. From the age of twenty-four years 
he was a member of the Christian church 
and was ever faithful and loyal to his re- 
ligious professions. Mrs. Justus has long 
been a devoted member of the church and 
she now lives retired in her lieautiful coun- 
try home in Blount townshii) and is a most 
estimable lady. In the early days in her fa- 
ther's household she often assisted at the 
spinning wheel, preparing and weaving 
blankets. A de\'oted and loving wife and 
mother and a faithful friend she has en- 
deared herself to all with whom she has 
come in contact. 

Elmer E. Cunningham was born on the 
family homestead in Blount township, No- 
vember 24. 1 86-1, and acquired a common 
school education. Since putting aside his 
text books he has devoted his entire time and 
energy to farming and stock raising, his 
home being on section 15, Bknmt township, 
where he has a \aluable tract of land that 
is rich and well improved. He has reecently 
erected a splendid home and has also sub- 
stantial and commodious barns and other 
outbuildings necessary for the shelter of 
grain and stock. Jn his business affairs he 
has been quite successful and is numbered 
among the jirogressive and thrifty farmers 
of his community. 

On the 22(\ of August. 1900, Mr. Cun- 
ningham was united in marriage to Miss 
Tinne Pate, who was born in Oakwiiod 
township, December 3, 1870. Her father 
was a merchant and carried on business for 
fifteen vears in Oakwood and then traded 
his store for a farm in Jefferson count}-. Illi- 
nois. Mrs. Cunningham was rcaretl by 
her grandmother with whom she remained 
until she reached womanhood. The grand- 
mother was a lady noted for many benevo- 
lent gifts and was highly esteemed through- 
out the entire communitv. Her charitable 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



151 



spirit never allowed any one to leave her 
door hungry and the poor and needy found 
in her a faithful friend. Mrs. Cunningham 
has two sisters, Irella Reester and Airs. Del- 
la Ann Martin, of Oakwood township. In 
the public schools Airs. Cunningham ac- 
quired a good education and is a lady of cul- 
ture and refinement who presides with gra- 
cious hospitality over her beautiful home. 
Both our subject and his wife are members 
of the Christian church and in politics he is 
a Repul)lican. He served for three years as 
township clerk but has never been a poli- 
tician in the sense of office seeking. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with the Modern 
Woodmen of America and the Odd Fellows 
Society at Bismarck. His entire life has been 
spent in this county where his many friends 
entertain for him high regard. 



B. T. DOXEY. 



B. T. Done\', who is serving as post- 
master of Fithian, was born in Montgom- 
ery county, Intliana, February 28, 1848. 
His father, Benjamin Doney, was a native 
of Pennsyh-ania and after arriving at years 
of maturity he was married in Ohio to Miss 
Elizabeth Summers, a native of Maryland. 
They began their domestic life in the Buck- 
eye state, where the father engaged in farm- 
ing until J845, when he removed with liis 
family to Indiana, living in Greene cotmty 
until his death, which occurred in the year 
1858. The Whig party received his politi- 
cal endorsement and he was an exemplary 
member of the Alasonic fraternity and a de- 
voted Christian man who belonged ti.i the 
Methodist Episcopal church. His wife was 
held in high esteem for her good qualities 
of heart and mind and she passed away in 



1889. In their family were three sons and 
two daughters, but only two of the number 
are now living, the sister of our subject Ik 
ing Mollie, the widow of John Fields, and a 
resident of Bloomington, Indiana. 

B. T. Doney pursued his education in 
Greene count}', Indiana, in the district 
schools and later attended the college at 
Bloomington, that state, putting aside his 
text books at the age of twenty-one years. 
He afterward learned the blacksmith's 
trade, which he followed in Greene county 
His preparations for haxing a home of his 
own were completed by his marriage on the 
2d of February, 1873, in Owensburg, In- 
diana, Miss Belle Owen becoming his wife. 
She was born in Greene county, November 
7, 1856, a daughter of Kiah and Mary 
(Brown) Owen, both born in the Hoosier 
state. Her parents were also married in 
Owensburg and the father followed black- 
smithing and wagon-building in Greene 
county until after the outbreak of the Civil 
war, when aroused by a spirit of patriotism 
he offered his services to the government, 
enlisting in Company H, Thirty-first In- 
diana Infantry. \Vith his regiment he went 
to the front and was killed at the battle of 
Shiloh, thus laying down his life upon the 
altar of the Union. In March, 1889, h's 
widow became the wife of Jesse Doney. 
Mr. Owen was a Democrat in political 
faith. By his marriage he had six children 
and by the mother's second marriage there 
were no children. Four children ha\-e been 
born unto Mr. and Mrs. Doney: John, 
who married Lilly Ward and is a telegraph 
operator at Goodanole, Illinois ; Benjamin, 
who resides upon a farm near Fithian : F. 
G., who is assistant postmaster of Fithian: 
and Clyde, who is still with his his parents. 

The year 1875 witnessed the arri\al of 



152 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Mr. Doney in Vermilion county, at which 
time he took up his ahode in Fithian, wliere 
he estabhshed a blacksmith shop, which he 
conducted for eight years. He then em- 
barked in general merchandise, but later he 
sold his store and resumed work at his trade. 
Subsequently, however, he again disposed 
of his smithy and once more turned his at- 
tention to general merchandising, which he 
has since followed. He now carries a gootl 
line of everything found in such an estab- 
lishment and his trade is growing contin- 
ually because the public recognizes in him 
a merchant of reliability, fair in his deal- 
ings, reasonable in his prices and courteous 
in his treatment of his patrons. In 1896 he 
was appointed postmaster of Fithian and 
has continuously occupied the position since 
that time. He votes with the Republican 
party and for nine years he held the office 
of township assessor, discharging his duties 
with marked promptness and fidelity. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with the Modern 
^\^oodmen of America and with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. 



WILLIAM M. BRIDGETT. 

The history of the world proves conclu- 
sively that it is under the pressure of adver- 
sitv and the stimulation of opposition that 
the best and strongest in men are brought out 
and developed. Those who have been fac- 
tors in the world's progress, those who have 
wielded wide public influence and have be- 
come leaders in the commercial world are 
not those wh.ose couch has been one of pam- 
pered luxury, but who ha\e in youth be- 
come inured to arduous labor and have come 
to set a true value upon personal endeavor, 
probity and perseverance. Trained in the 



hard school of experience, yet learning there- 
in lessons of marked value. Air. Bridgett has 
arisen from a humble financial position until 
he stands to-day not only as a successful 
resident of Dan\ille, but one who is, as well 
strong in his honor and in his good name. 

A native of Kentucky, he was born in 
Lexington, April 2, 1865. His father, 
Thomas Bridgett, was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and after arriving at years of ma- 
turity he married I\liss Mary Shaffer, who 
was born in Indiana. They were married 
in Rockville of the latter state and there the 
father engaged in farming for a time, after- 
ward following the same pursuit in Ken- 
tucky. Subsequently he removed to Illinois, 
settling in Clark county, near Martinsville. 
The mother died in Kentucky and the father, 
who has married again, is yet living in Clark 
county. In his political vievvs he is an earn- 
est Democrat. 

William N. Bridgett was but two years 
of age when his mother died and at the age 
of eleven years he became a resident of Illi- 
nois, since which time he has been depend- 
ent upon his own efforts for a h\-ing. He 
liegan working on a farm and for six years 
remained with his first employer, during 
which time he was allowed to attend school 
through the brief winter season. He then 
became a section hand upon the railroad at 
Ridgefarm, Illinois. After working for 
three months he was promoted to the posi- 
tion of foreman of a construction crew and 
when he had served in that capacity for six 
months he accepted a clerkship in a store, 
where he was employed foi eight months. 
Then entering into partnership with his em- 
plover, A. J. Darnell, the relationship was 
maintained for ten months, when Air, Dar- 
nel died. Air. Bridgett then sold out and re- 
moved to Torre Haute. Indiana, where he 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



155 



was employed as a salesman in the grocery 
store of E. R. Wright & Company, biit after 
ten months he again became connected with 
railroading, entering the train ser\'ice as fire- 
man on the Vandalia Railroad, where he 
ser\'ed for eleven months, when he was pro- 
moted to the position of assistant claim 
agent by the same coinpany. Ten months 
later he returned to Ridgefarm and after 
three months he came to Danville, entering 
the train service of the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois Railroad as a fireman. While with 
that company he was promoted to the posi- 
tion of engineer and a year later he left the 
road to eng'age in the real estate business in 
this city, which he has since followed with 
offices at Nos. 401-2 Daniels' building. He 
is also a loan broker and has negotiated a 
number of important loans and realty 
transactions. He has thoroughly informed 
himseilf concerning real estate values and of 
locations and is to-day one of the leading 
representatives of this line of business in the 
city. 

On the 13th of October, 1892, in Dan- 
ville, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. 
Bridgett and Miss Nevada Montgomery, 
who was born in Clark county, Illinois, No- 
vember 10, 1873, ^ daughter of John and 
Ann (Bishop) Montgomery, who were also 
natives of Clark county, where they re- 
mained until after their marriage. Subse- 
quently they took up their abode at Ridge- 
farm, Illinois. Her father is a Democrat in 
his political views. He belongs to the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, the Mod- 
ern ^^''oodmen of America and to the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. Mr. Bridgett gives 
his political support to the men and measures 
of the Republican party, while his fraternal 
relations are with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Court of Honor and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. He is vet 



a j'oung man but he has already gained a po- 
sition in business circles and public regard 
that is as enviable as honorable. ^ Man's suc- 
cess in the world is not measured by the 
heights he has reached but by the altitude 
from which he has climbed and judged in 
this way the career of Mr. Bridgett has been 
most successful and commendable. 



WILLIAM SANDUSKY. 

William Sandusky, of Carroll township, 
was born November 19, 1827, in Bourbon 
county, Kentucky, within three miles of 
Paris, and when but three years old was 
brought by his parents to Vermilion county. 
They crossed the river at Cincinnati and 
came overland to their destination. They 
camped along the road at night and spent 
many days in making the journey. They 
traveled in a prairie schooner and passed 
comparatively few settlements while en- 
route. The Sandusky family took up their 
abode on the Little Vermilion river and there 
was then but a very limited population in 
this locality. William Sandusky began his 
education in a log schoolhouse on the old 
Alexander place, the building being erected 
of logs hewed on two sides. It had a clap- 
board roof and an immense fireplace which 
would accommodate an eight foot log that 
would burn for two days as a back log. His 
first teacher was a man by the name of 
Durkey and if a pupil could read, write and 
cipher it was all that was desired at that 
time. The school was conducted on the sub- 
scription plan and in such a "temple of 
learning" \Villiam Sandusky completed his 
education with the exception of one winter 
spent in Indianola, which place was then 
called Dallas, Illinois. He continued to at- 



156 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



tend school at inter\-als until eighteen years 
of age, spending the three months of winter 
In this manner while during the remainder 
of the year he worked at home. He would 
break prairie using an old wooden mold 
board plow and later with a rod nmld- 
board which would turn up a twenty-four 
inch furrow and to which was hitched five 
or six yoke of oxen. He would also drop 
corn as he plowed. When he was twenty- 
one years of age he started out in life for 
himself ' and his father built him a little 
shanty. There was not a thing but prairie 
grasses around him, hut he possessed the de- 
termination necessary for the development 
of a good farm. He wedded Miss Mary Eliz- 
abeth Baum, a daughter of Samuel and Sarah 
t Weaver) Baum. Her father was born in 
Clermont county, Kentucky, February 15. 
1805, and his wife in Ohio, January 16. 
1804. They became the parents of ten chil- 
dren, of whom six are now living: Oliver, 
who was born January 5, 1828, in Clennont 
county, is living in Sidell fownshi]) and mar- 
ried Helen McClenathan, by wlidui he has 
one child living. Mrs. Sandusky was born 
July 4, 1829, in Clermont county: Charles 
M., was born in Vermilion county, Illinois, 
December 22, 1838, and now living in .\ri- 
zona, married Jennie Craig and has tln-ee 
living children : Samuel is rejiresented 
elsewhere in this wijrk: William, born in 
Vermilion county. March 19, 1843, is living 
in Indiana; Angeline, born June 6, 1849, in 
\'ermilion county, is acting as housekeeper 
for her hmther William. Of those deceased, 
Susannah, born in Vermilion county, Sep- 
tember 12, 1831, became the wife of Thomas 
Rice and died leaving two chiUlren ; Sarah 
J., born in \"ermilion county, in 1833, died 
in childhood; Catherine, born in this county, 
December 15, 1834, was the wife of Morton 
Pugh and left five children at her death ; 



Francis M., born in \'ermilion county, Oc- 
tober II. 1836, died in childhood. The fa- 
ther of this family came to \>rmilion coun- 
ty in 1829 when Mrs. Sandusky was only 
three months old and settled on what is now 
the Indianola fair grounds, where he se- 
cured a tract of land from the government. 
He lived to be seventy-five years of age and 
his wife passed away at the age of thirty- 
eight. She was a daughter of ^lichael 
Weaver and their remains were interred in 
the old Weaver cemetery in Carroll town- 
ship. 

The marriage of Mr. anil Mrs. San- 
dusky was celebrated April 20, 1849, '^'^'^ 
they became the parents of five children, of 
whom a daughter died in infancy. Caroline 
is the widow of James Snapp and resides in 
Georgetown. She had three children by this 
union. Belle, Ivan and Willie, and by her 
former marriage she had two daug'iters, 
Mary and Josephine. Adeline is the wife of 
Thompson AlcMillan, a lumber dealer of 
Danville and they have two living children, 
Nellie and Edward. Rochester, who is en- 
gaged in the oi)eration of the home place, is 
one of the prominent farmers of Carroll 
township. Belle is the wife of William H. 
lames, a druggist of Rossville, Illinois, and 
thev have three children: Willie, Don and 
Mary Margaret. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Sandusky 
have two great-grandchildren. These are 
Fern and Ralph l-llliott. children of Mrs. 
Earl Elliott, of Georgetown. 

At the time of his marriage ]\lr. San- 
dusky started out with two hundred and 
forty acres of land and that he has li\-eil a 
life of industry, earnest labor and persever- 
ance is shown by the fact that he added to 
his ])ossespions until he now has fifteen hun- 
dred and twenty acres in the home place. 
This is a most creditable showing of a life 
work and, moreover. Mr. Sandusky has al- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



157 



ways maintained lionorable business rela- 
tions and enjoyed the confidence and good 
will of his fellow men. From the beginning 
he engaged in the cattle business and was at 
one time interested in shorthorn cattle, be- 
ing an extensive raiser, ^\'hatever he has 
■undertaken has received his undi\-ided at- 
tention and his work has been of a nature to 
return to him an excellent income. For 
many years he was recognized as one of the 
prominent cattle men of Illinois, buying cat- 
tle and feeding them to the extent of about 
three hundred head at a time. 

In his political views Mr. San<lusk\- is a 
Republican, but has never sought or desired 
office. Since pioneer times he has lived in 
this county. In the early days he would ride 
for miles in any direction without coming 
across fences to impede his progress. He 
frequently enjoA'cd a hunt for deer and les- 
ser game and often killed woKes wliich fre- 
quently awakened the settlers from their 
sleep by their howling: There were geese, 
ducks, wild turkeys and prairie chickens and 
many of these fowls furnished a meal for the 
early settlers. To give the life history of 
William Sandusky in detail would be to pic- 
ture forth the pioneer conditions and the 
agricultural life of \''ermilion county. He 
has always been identified with farming in- 
terests and to-day is the possessor of a hand- 
some property as the reward of a well spent 
life. 



B. I. POLAND. M. D. 

Dr. B. I. Poland, a practicing ])hysician of 
Danville, was born in Gallatin county. Ken- 
tucky. ]\Iay 30. 1854, and is a son of Isaac 
and Martha (Duncan) Poland, the former 
a native of Tennessee and the latter of Gal- 
latin countv, Kentuckv. The Doctor at- 



tended school in his native county and in 
1861 accompanied his parents to Illinois, liv- 
ing on the home farm which was situated 
across the Indiana state line. In this local- 
ity he attended the district schools until sev- 
enteen years of age. when he began teaching 
and for eight years followed that profession. 
He ])repared for the practice of medicine as 
a student in the Bennett Medical College, of 
Chicago, in which he was graduated in 1883. 
He afterward entered the Medical College 
of Atlanta, Georgia, completing his course 
there by graduation in 1S95. He was en- 
gaged in general practice from 1878 until 
1885, when he took up special practice in the 
treatment of diseases of the eye, ear, nose 
and throat. His office is located in the Tem- 
ple building of Dan\ille. Dr. Poland has a 
large practice in his specialty, the public 
recognizing his capability and skill. 

On the 2 1 St of October. 1874. in Ver- 
milion county, Illinois, the Doctor wedded 
Emma B. Leonard, who was born in this 
county, July 14. 1857, her parents being 
Philip and iVng'elina E. (Williams) Leon- 
ard, the latter a native of England. After 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Leonard lo- 
cated six miles north of Danville and he was 
mmil:)ered among the old settlers and leading 
farmers of Vermilion county. A Democrat 
in politics, he earnestly advocated the prin- 
ciples of the party and for many years served 
as justice of the peace. He was also a 
prominent member of the Christian church 
and in that faith died. His widow now 
resides on the homestead farm. Unto the 
Doctor and his wife have been born two chil- 
dren : B. F.. born May 30, 1878; and Clar- 
ence S.. born Aug'ust 11, 1884. 

Dr. Poland is a stanch Democrat and is 
a member of the Christian ciiurch. He is 
now L^nited States examining surgeon and 
is a luember of the Danville library board. He 



158 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



is serving as oculist for the Chicago & East- 
em IIHnois Railroad Company and for the St. 
Elizabeth's Hospital, and is a member of the 
Vermilion County Medical Society and the 
Illinois State Medical Society. In a calling 
where promotion depends upon individual 
merit he has gained an enviable position as a 
physician. 



THO:\tAS F. COLLISON. 

From early pioneer days Thomas F. Col- 
lison has been a resident of Vermilion coun- 
ty and has been an interested witness of al- 
most the entire growth and improvement 
of this portion of the state. The traveler 
of to-day can scarcely realize the condition 
of things hei'e during his youth. He has 
seen deer and other wild game here and has 
traveled over the prairies for miles without 
coming to a fence or other indication of 
ownership by man. He was horn October 
12, 1834, on a farm on which he now lives. 
His father, Absalom Collison, was a na- 
tive of Pike county. Ohio, and in 1828 came 
to Illinois. He entered forty acres of land 
from the government and began the develop- 
nient of a farm. He had previously worked 
in the Kanawha Salt Works of West Vir- 
ginia and with little capital he came to Illi- 
nois. Flere he was married to Miss Mary 
Chenoweth, who was born near Columbus, 
Ohio, and came with her father, Thomas 
Chenoweth, to Illinois. It was in his honor 
that the subject of this review was named. 
Mr. Collison died in the year 1849 and his 
widow afterward married John Smith, who 
is now deceased. Our subject was the eldest 
of a family of seven children, the others be- 
ing F. Asbury, who lives on a farm adjoin- 
ing Collison ; Mrs. Elizal)eth Martin, of 
Sumner county, Kansas: Alary Jane, the 



widow of Samuel Coon, of Rantoul, Illi- 
nois: John, who is also living in Rantoul; 
James, a farmer of Middlefork township, 
\'ermilion county ; and Samuel, who is a 
banker of Rossville, Ilinois. 

]Mr. Collison of this re\iew began liis 
education in his own lujuie, a lady teacher 
being employed to instruct the children of 
the Collison household and the children of 
the neighborhood who would come there for 
that purpose. Later he attended the sub- 
scription school, which was held in a log 
building with greased paper windows and an 
outside chimney built of mud and sticks. 
The boys who attended tlie school would 
cut logs to be used for fuel. For about sev- 
en vears Thomas F. Collison attended school 
during the winter months and in the summer 
season worked on the farm. He never saw 
a blackboard in all his school days. The last 
school which lie attended was taught by Mr. 
Miner, who had our subject purchase a slate 
which was used as a blackboard for the 
school. A testament served as a reader and 
an old elementary spelling book w'as used. 
while the pens were made of quills. 

Mr. Collison remained at home until af- 
ter his father's death. He received from the 
estate one hundred acres of raw prairie land 
and ninety dollars in cash, the land being 
A'alued at atjout five (U)llars per acre. He 
was then married to Miss Alary Billsland, 
who was Ijorn in Indiana, near Covington, 
anrl with whom he Ijecame acquainted \\iiile 
she was teaching school in this district. She 
lived until 1864 and then passed away, leav- 
ing four children: I'Vancis R., Charles, 
Dora and Florence L., all of whom are now 
living. After the loss of his first wife, Mr. 
Collison wedded Mary Courtney, of Penn- 
sylvania. They have three children ; Al- 
bert T., a banker of Windsor; Elizabeth, the 
wife of George Grays, who is employed in a 




^^PA^r^-^^^^ J^ ^(^^u-JJ^c 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



i6i 



bank in Rossville; and Stella, the wife of 
Alfred Crays, who is engaged in the bank- 
ing business in Windsor. 

Throug'hout his business career Mr. Col- 
lison has been connected one way or another 
with agricultural pursuits. He now owns 
over sixteen hundred acres of valuable land. 
In 1893 the railroad crossed his farm and 
the company paid hirn forty-five hundred 
dollars for the right of way. The follow- 
ing year the town of Collison was estab- 
lished, about twenty acres of his land being 
included within the town plat. He built the 
first buildings there, a dwelling and a black- 
smith shop, and later he erected a brick 
building and a store building. During the 
last three years he has rented all of his land 
with the exception of his pastures. For 
some years he has been extensively engaged 
in the stock business, buying, feeding and 
shipping. In 1902 he shipped six hundred 
hogs and about 150 head of cattle, the for- 
mer bringing him over twelve thousand dol- 
lars. He has always given more attention 
to stock-raising than farming, having 
largely hired labor for the work of cultivat- 
ing the fields. He dro\-e cattle and sheep to 
Chicago before any raili'oad was built and it 
is within his memory that the boundary of 
Vermilion county extended almost to that 
city. In 1897, in connection with Edward 
Stevens, he went to. Liverpool in charge of a 
cargo of cattle, visiting London during the 
trip, which consumed about forty days al- 
together. Mr. Collison is also a stock- 
holder in the bank of Rossville and Wind- 
sor, his stock to the amount of ten thous- 
and dollars in Rossville and fifteen thousand 
dollars in Windsor, having been placed to 
the credit of his son and son-in-law. 

Mr. Collison was made a Mason at New- 
town. Illinois, but is now demitted, there be- 
ing no lodge in his home town. He is a 



member of the Knights of Pythias frater- 
nity, and the Modern Woodmen of America, 
and for twenty years he has been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which 
he has served almost continuously as a trus- 
tee. He aided in building the Pilot chapel 
to which he gave three hundred dollars and 
he also contributed six hundred dollars to 
the building of the Collison church. In poli- 
tics he has always been a Republican. His 
is one of the attractive homes of this por- 
tion of the county. On his farm he has flow- 
ing wells and at his home he lifts the water 
from the well with a gas engine. He hasc al- 
ways been progressive in his work, keeping 
in touch with the advanced sjjirit of the 
times and everything about his place is neat 
and thrifty in appearance. For sixty-eight 
years Mr. Collison has been a resident of 
Vermilion county. He is a fine looking 
gentleman with a long white beard, a kindly 
and strong face. All who know him esteem 
him for his genuine worth, and his success- 
ful career commands the admiration of those 
\\ho are familiar with his history. As one 
of the honored pioneer residents of the coun- 
ty he certainly deserves mention in this vol- 
ume, for his entire career has been closely 
interwoven with the development and 
growth of this portion of the state. 



JAMES P. COOK. 



James P. Cook, a capitalist and land 
owner of Danville, belongs to one of the old 
families of this county and is a worthy rep- 
resentative here. His paternal grandfather, 
James Cook, came from Ohio to Vermilion 
county in the year 1835, casting in his lot 
with its first settlers. Pie took up his abode 
two and one-half miles east of Westville, on 



l62 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



section lo, Georgetown township. The land 
bouglit by him was wild and unimproved 
and the work of progress and improvement 
seemed scarcely begun. Deer and other wild 
game was to be found in this portion of the 
state and much of the land was swampy and 
full of sloughs, but there came to this portion 
of Illinois a progressive, courageous class 
of pioneers, who in due course of time 
wrought 3 great transformation in the coun- 
ty and placed it with the leading counties of 
the state. The grandfather bore his part in 
the work of improvement and upbuilding 
and continued to engage in agricultural ^)ur- 
suits here until iiis death, which occurred 
about 1 87 1. 

At that time Samuel Cook, the father of 
our su])ject, took charge of the old family 
homestead. He had previously married 
Mclvina Graves. Throughout his entire 
life he carried on agricultural pursuits 
until the time of his retirement in 1900. He 
lived upon the old homestead almost con- 
tinuiius!)' with the exception of two years 
prior to his 'marriage. He first had one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land to wliich he 
added a tract of eighty acres and his farm of 
two hundred and forty acres became one of 
the valuable country seats of Catlin town- 
ship. There he was engaged in general 
fanning until 1900, when he put aside Ixisi- 
ness cares and removed to Danville. Later, 
however, he sold his property in that city 
and also his farm in Oakwood and pur- 
chased two hundred acres west of Catlin. 
His first wife died about 1855 '"i'^^ ''^ after- 
ward married again, his second union being 
with Martha E. Citizen. By the first union 
there were six children : George, a resident 
farmer of Catlin township ; James P., of this 
review; Mary, the wife of John A. Wherry, 
who is living on the old homestead in Catlin 
township: Maggie, who died at the age of 



fifteen years; Ellen, who died in infancy; 
and Charles F., who married Celia Podgett 
and is living in Danville. Three children 
have been born of the second marriage : 
Berta, Frank and Fred, all of whom are at 
home. 

James P. Cook of this review was born 
on his father's farm iii Catlin township, 
]March 27, 1835. He pursued his education 
in the common schools and afterward en- 
gaged in farming on his father's land for 
two years. He then purchased ninety-two 
acres of land where the village of Westville 
now stands, in 1880, and commenced its cul- 
tivation and improvement. Since that time 
he lias divided this into town lots and has dis- 
posed of most of it at a fair profit. He now 
owns ten houses and lots there, the dwell- 
ings being occupied by miners. In addition 
to his real estate operations he has valuable 
farm land, owning five hundred acres near 
Potomac, which he rents. He also owns a 
nice residence in \\'estville and has farm 
property near that place. At the present 
time he is erecting a fine residence in Dan- 
ville at the corner of IMain and Gilbert 
streets and as soon as it is completed he in- 
tends to remove to that city and make it his 
future home. 

James P. Cook married E\-eline O'Neal, 
a daughter of Isaac O'Neal, who was one of 
ihe old settlers of the county and died here 
in the year 1876. He was one of the larg- 
est land owners in this portion of the state 
and a very prominent and influential citi- 
zen respected and honored by all who knew 
him. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Cook 
has been blessed \vitli four children. Ger- 
trude is the wife of Frank Downing and is 
residing one-half mile west of Westville. 
Lena and Stella, twins, are at home. Her- 
man, born December 16, 1885. is also under 
the parental roof. The parents hold mem- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



1&3 



bership in the Christian church of W'est- 
ville, in whicli our subject is now serving 
as a deacon. In pohtics he is a Democrat 
and for several years he served as a school 
director in his township. He has made ju- 
dicious investments in property and thereby 
has acquired a handsome competence, num- 
berinnf him among the leading land owners 
of Vermilion county. He is enabled to sur- 
round his family with many of the com- 
forts and some of the luxuries of life and 
notliing gives him greater pleasure than to 
minister to their happiness and welfare. In 
business afifairs he sustains a high reputa- 
tion, because he has always been straight- 
forward in his dealings, prompt in meeting 
an obligation and in keeping engagements. 
He is thus known as an honorable man, is a 
pleasant social companion and one whose 
friends in the communitv are man\'. 



E. R. E. KIMBROUGH. 

The term "captains of industry" is a 
familiar one in the parlance of the day and 
has arisen from the conditions of the world 
when business activity has replaced the rec- 
ords of war and conquest in the history of 
civilized nations. Each city claims its rep- 
resentatives who have worthily won this 
title in the control of large professional, 
commercial or industrial interests, and fre- 
quently it is found that one man has become 
a master in more than one of these lines. 
He who is at all familiar with the life record 
of E. R. E. Kimbrough will not hesitate to 
place him with his class so prominent in 
public regard, for his entire career has been 
one of activity, energy and enterprise 
and the result accomplished well entitles 
him to mention as one of the leaders 
in business circles of Danville. He has 



labored along many lines with success, 
so that his name has figured in the financial 
records as well as in connection with great 
productive interests, yet perhaps he is best 
known in Danville as a member of the Ijar, 
well versed in various departments of juris- 
prudence. 

Mr. Kimbrough was born in Edgar 
county, near Paris, Illinois, March 28, 1851, 
and is a son of Andrew H. and Sarah Kim- 
brough, both of whom are living, as are 
the daughters of the familv — Laura and L. 
A. E. R. E. Kimbrough. the only son, 
having acquired his preliminary education 
in the public schools, became a student in 
the State University at Normal. Illintjis. 
where he was graduated with the class of 
1873. He entered upon the study of law 
under the direction of E. S. Terry, of Dan- 
ville, with whom he continued until Janu- 
ary 8, 1876, when he successfully passed an 
examination admitting him to the bar. In 
the meantime, in 1874-5, he had en- 
gaged in teaching as superintendent of the 
Golconda schools. After his admission to 
the bar he opened an ofifice in this city in the 
First National Bank building and was asso- 
ciated in practice with \V. D. Lindsey until 
December, 1882, when the relationship was 
discontinued. He was then alone in prac- 
tice until July. 1893, when he tiecame as- 
sociated with James A. Meeks and this part- 
nership still obtains. The law practice of 
the firm has constantlv increased in volume 
and importance, connecting them with much 
of the chief litigation tried in the courts of 
the district. Mr. Kimbrough's success 
came soon because his equipment was un- 
usually good. Along with those qualities 
indispensable to the lawyer, — a keen, 
rapid logical mind plus the business sense, 
and a ready capacity' for hard work, — he 
brought to the starting point of his career 



164 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



rarer gifts, — eloquence of language and a 
strong personality. An excellent presence, 
an earnest, dignitied manner, marked 
strength of character, a thorough grasp of 
the law, and the ability accurately to apply 
its principles, are factors in his effectiveness 
as an ad\'ocate. 

Mr. Kimbrnugh is also a man of large 
business capacity in other directions. He 
was formerly connected witli the Electric 
Light & Gas Company and for a quarter of 
a century he was connected with the First 
National Bank. He is at present one of its 
stockholders and a director, and for two 
years has been its vice president. The ma- 
terial improvement of the city has been pro- 
moted by him for in 1896 he erected in con- 
nection with Louis Piatt, the Kimbrough & 
Piatt building, the first office building in 
the city, and in conjunction with Loui.^ 
Piatt he erected the Temple Building, in 
1901. Pie has been connected wun the 
liome and Danville Building Associations 
as a director and attorney for over twenty 
years. Other property interests which he 
has include the ownership of seven or eight 
hundred acres of land. 

It is usually found that a man of large 
business interests and important undertak- 
ings has a broad outlook upon public affairs 
and that to a greater or less extent is ac- 
tively interested in the political situation of 
the country. Air. Kimbrough has labored 
earnestly and eft'ectively in the support of 
the political principles which he thinks are 
best calculated to conserve the nation's wel- 
fare and the general good and is a conserva- 
tive Democrat. He voted with the regular 
party tuitil 1896, when he endorsed the 
wing favoring the gold standard and be- 
came a delegate to the Indianapolis conven- 
tion of Gold-Democrats. He had also been 



a delegate to the national convention of the 
party in St. Louis, in i888, and in Chicago, 
in 1892. In 1878 he was the Democratic 
candidate for state senator from his district 
and was defeated by only three hundred and 
seventeen \'otes, although the usual Repub- 
lican majority was two thousand. In 1882 
and again in 1884 he was elected to the gen- 
eral assembly and left the impress of his 
indix'iduality upon the legislation enacted 
during those sessions. In the city of his 
residence, where he is best known, ample 
proof was given of the public confidence in 
his ability and his loyalty to the general 
good, when in 1897 he was elected mayor 
of Danville on an independent ticket over 
three other candidates, when reform was 
made the issue. He carried out his prom- 
ises and to the best of his personal ability 
and official power laliored for the welfare of 
the city, introducing many needed reforms 
and improvements. For nine years he 
ser\ed as a member of the board of educa- 
tion of Danville, anil since 1S93 he has been 
a member of the state board of education, 
having been first appointed by Governor 
Altgeld and reappointed by Governor 
Tanner. 

In Sei)tember, 1876, Mr. Kimbrough 
was united in marriage to Julia C. Tincher, 
a daughter of John L. Tincher, who was 
one of the founders of the First National 
Bank and a partner of J. G. English in the' 
banking business. He was regarded as one 
of the most prominent and influential men 
in financial and commercial circles of Dan- 
ville and was also distinguished as a states- 
man. He died while serving as a member 
of the Illinois senate in 1871. L^nto Mr. 
and Mrs. Kimbrough was born a son. Rob- 
ert, but he died in 1886, at the age of nine 
years, this being the first death to occur in 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



165 



the Kimbrough family thrijugh many years. 
Mr. Kimbrough belongs to the ]Mason- 
ic fraternity, in which he has taken the de- 
grees of the blue lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery. He is also a representative of the 
Knights of Honor and of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. He has a wide 
acquaintance among leading men through- 
out the state. He has ever occupied a prom- 
inent position in the foremost rank of the 
legal practitioners of Danville. His life 
has been one of untiring acti\-ity and has 
been crowned with a high degree of success, 
yet he is not less esteemed as a citizen than 
as a lawyer, and his kindly impulses and 
charming cordiality of manner have rendered 
him exceedingly popular among all classes. 



J. H. McINTOSH. 

Although one of the recent arrivals in 
Vermilion county Dr. J. H. Mcintosh has 
already gained a liberal patronage in the 
line of his profession in Hope and in the 
surrounding district. He is one of the na- 
tive sons of Illinois, his birth having oc- 
curred in White county, on the loth of Jan- 
uary. 1872. He was born upon a farm, a 
son of the Rev. J. W. Mcintosh, a Method- 
ist Episcopal minister who belonged to the 
Southern Illinois conference. His deati 
occurred in September, 1899. but his widow, 
who bore the maiden name of Nancv J. 
Hendrick, is now living with her son, the 
Doctor. In their family were eleven chil- 
dren, seven of whom still sur\ive and with 
the exception of two Dr. IMcIntosh is the 
youngest. 

The Doctor pursued his literary educa- 
tion in Lebanon. Illinois, as a student in 



McKendree College. He afterward spent 
one year as a student in the IMissouri ]\Iedi- 
cal College in St. Louis and then entered 
the Barnes Medical College of the same city 
in which he was graduated with the class of 
1895. Soon afterward he located in 
Maunie, White county, where he remained 
for a year, when he removed to Grayville 
of the same county. Subsequently he prac- 
ticed in Dewitt. DeWitt county, and in De- 
cember, I go I, he came to Hope, where he 
has since remained successfully engaged in 
the general practice of medicine and surgery. 

In Belleville, Illinois, in 1895. the Doc- 
tor married Annie Pfeifer, a native of St. 
Clair county. Illinois, and a daughter of An- 
thony and Nanette (Sohm) Pfeifer. Her 
parents were born and reared in Ger- 
many and are now residing in Hope with the 
Doctor and his wife. Mrs. Mcintosh is a 
well educated lady of natural refinement and 
is a graduate of the high school of Belle- 
ville. Prior to her marriage she engaged in 
teaching to some extent. She has become 
the mother of three children : Florence, 
Stephen D. and Ruth. 

The Doctor owns property in Danville, 
having purchased a lot there and erected a 
house. He carries a line of drugs and com- 
poimds, all of his own prescriptions. He 
is the only physician in Hope and his prac- 
tice covers a wide area. A young man, he 
entered upon his professional career 
equipped for the responsible duties of that 
position and he keeps abreast with the times 
through reading and research. He belongs 
to the Illinois State Medical Societv and in 
his fraternal relations is a Mason, holding 
membership with the lodge at Hope. He 
also belongs to the Methodist Episcopal 
church and is a worker in church and Sun- 
day-school. His political support is given 



1 66 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



to llie Repiiljlican party and at tlie i)resent 
time he is serving as a niemljer of the scliool 
board in Hope. His position as a leading 
citizen of this portion of tlie county is chie 
not only to his professional skill hnt to his 
public-spirited devotion to the general good 
and his genial personal worth. 



JOHN LEEMOX. 



When for miles the broad prairies 
stretched away wild and unimpro\ed, when 
the land was still in possession of the gov- 
ernment and the most far-sighted could not 
ha\c dreamed that a few years would make 
a wonderful change here. John Leemon 
canie to \''ermilion county and upon its 
broad ])rairic he took up his abode far from 
any home, save the one settlement which 
was the residence of Thomas Hoopes. He 
assisted in the arduous task of reclaiming 
the wild land for the purposes of civiliza- 
tion and certainly no resident of this part of 
the state is entitled to more honorable and 
distinct consideration in a work of this char- 
acter than he of whom we write — a pioneer 
whose labor brought not only prosperity to 
himself but was of the greatest benefit in the 
de\'elopment and uijlnu'lding of this ])ortion 
of the state. 

Mr. Leemon was born of Scotch par- 
entage in County Armagh, Ireland, on theSth 
of May, iSjq. His father, Thomas Leemon, 
was likewise torn in the north of Ireland, 
to which district his forefathers had been 
dri\en during- the time of religious perse- 
cution in Scotland. He married Miss Eliza- 
beth Thompson, and they reared a family of 
si.\ children, all of whom followed our sub- 
ject to America in 1854, three years after 
Ihs arri\al. For a time the\' resided in Jer- 



sey county. Illinois, and then removed to 
Christian county, where the father died in 
1S62. The mother survi\ed him for .some 
years and sj)ent her last days witii her son 
Jojm, passing away in 1882. 

John Leemon was reared and educated 
in the land of his nativity and was twenty- 
two years of age when he resolved to seek 
his fortune beyond the .\tlantic. hoping to 
take advantage of some of the excellent op- 
portunities which he had heard were ofifered 
young men in the new world. He did not 
tarry on the .\tlantic coast but came at once 
to Illinois, settling in Jersey county. Here 
he l)egan working by the month for twelve 
dolhu's and in the winter season he husked 
corn at two cents a Inishel and board. His 
wants were few and even at that small wage 
he managed to save a little money until he 
had enough to buy a team, lie then rented 
a tract of land in Jersey county and began 
farming on his own account, carrying on ag- 
ricultural work there until 1857. 

In the meantime he \-isited \'ermilion 
C')unt_\- and purchased four hundred and 
forty acres of wild land. As this district 
was still in possession of the government 
and the pioneer settlements had not jiene- 
trated this far into the Mississippi valley, 
land could be ])urchased at almost a nomi- 
nal figure. Mr. Leemon. however, did not 
buy for speculation purposes but with the in- 
tention of developing- a farm for himself 
and as soon as possi!)le he began the work of 
])lowing, ])lanling and har\-esting upon the 
trnct of which he had become the owner. He 
boarded in the home of Mr. Hoopes. who 
had tlie only house upon the ]irairie in this 
vicinity at that time. Night and morning 
he werit to and from his place of work, a 
distance of two and one-half miles. In the 
fall of 1857 he erected a small house ui)on 
his own farm, there keeping "bachelor's 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



169 



hall" until the time of his marriage. Ener- 
getic, resolute and industrious, his work was 
carried on with marked determination and 
with good effect. His labors wrought a 
wonderful transformation in the appearance 
of his place and its \-alue. He planted for- 
est and fruit trees and set out many rods of 
hedge fence. With the work of agricultural 
improvements he kept abreast and added to 
his farm everything that would facilitate 
the work and make his property attractive. 
He placed upon his land two windmills and 
a feedmill and his barn was underlaid with 
water pipes, which led to various tanks 
wherever water was required for stock. The 
wet land was tiled and thus made cultivable, 
his tiling being brought from Bloomington. 
He practiced the rotation of crops and in an 
intelligent manner carried on the active 
work of de\eloping and improving his land 
until the Leemon farm gained a wide repu- 
tation, unsurpassed by any in eastern Illi- 
nois, because of its productiveness and the 
splendid improvements found thereon. 
Gradually the settlements increased, the evi- 
dences of frontier life gave way before those 
of an advanced civilization, the deer and 
wolves which were once so numerous were 
driven out. Air. Leemon often remarked 
that he saw as many as seventv-fi\'e head of 
deer in a single herd and the early settlers 
were frequently called for a wolf hunt when 
hunger hafl made the wolves so venturesome 
that they would steal to the very doors of 
the cabins in order to get the venison found 
hanging by the side of the house. Many 
winters he killed from fifteen to twenty 
head of deer and it was he that killed the last 
deer known to have been slain upon the 
prairies. 

It was on the 26th of August, 1865, in 
Rossville, that Air. Leemon was united in 
marriage to Miss Lodema Brown, of Butler 



township. She was bom near Lockport, Ni- 
agara county. New York, a daughter of John 
Brown, who removed to Indiana with his 
family when Mrs. Leemon was only about 
seventeen years of age. There she lived un- 
til she was twenty-two years of age, when 
the family came to East Lynn, Vermilion 
county. Her father spent his last days in 
Marys\'ille, Tennessee, where he died a num- 
ber of years ago. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Catherine Bears, remained 
with Mrs. Leemon until shortly before her 
death in 1888. At the time of their mar- 
riage Mr. Leemon took his bride to the home 
which lie had already prepared and as the 
years passed children were added to the hous- 
hold to the number of six. They lost their 
eldest child, however, a daughter, Izele, who 
died at the age of twelve years. The others 
are: Lida ; Robert A., who married Bessie 
Gilson, of Chicago, in 1895, and is now liv- 
ing on Penn street in Hoopeston ; John A., 
Charles N. and Edith L., all of whom are 
with their mother in Hoopeston. They have 
been provided with excellent educations, 
Robert having attended school in Quincy, 
Illinois; Lida in Onarga, this state; Jolyi 
and Charles in Galesburg and Chicago; 
while Edith has been a student in Lake For- 
est. 

Upon attaining his majority Mr. Lee- 
mon became an ailvocate of the Democracy 
but at local elections where no issue was in- 
voh'ed he voted independently. His fellow 
townsmen, recognizing his worth and abil- 
ity, frequently called him to public office and 
he filled creditably every official position in 
town and township. For eight years he was 
justice of the peace, was a school director 
and trustee, and for four years was super- 
visor. He uniformly distinguished himself 
as a man of progressive and liberal ideas, 
one willing to give his time and influence to 



170 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



those enterprises calculated for the general 
good. He was reared in the faith of the 
Presbyterian church and his life was ever an 
honorable one, industry and foresight being 
salient fealm'es in his career. He never used 
liquor or tobacco nor abused nature laws 
and therefore enjoyed good health. When 
his labors had brought a sufficient capital to 
enable him to think of retiring from business 
life and to plan for an enjoyment of a well 
earned rest, the community was shocked in 
hearing of his death on the 15th of Decem- 
ber, 1890. He drove to Hoopeston for a load 
of lumber and was returning home when his 
team became unmanageable and ran away. 
He was thrown to the ground and the awful 
weight of the load of lumber was dragged 
over his body, crushing out his life. He 
lived for only two days after the accident 
anil was then laid to rest in Floral Hill cem- 
etery at Hoopeston. It is safe to say that 
no citizen of this community has ever been 
more deeply mourned than was John Lee- 
mon, for he was known as a man of sterling 
worth, who had endeared himself to all with 
whom he had conie in contact in ties of 
friendship which naught but death could 
sever. As long as the history of Vermilion 
county is known to its citizens so long will 
the name of John Leemon be honored be- 
cause of what he accomplished in pioneer 
tin.ies. He was a very successful business 
man and at the time of his death his landed 
possessions were very extensive. He owned 
in Vermilion and Iroquois counties more 
than eighteen hundred acres of land in addi- 
tion to a two-thirds interest in eighteen hun- 
dred acres in Scott county and some landed 
possessions in Christian county. Since his 
death these lands have been divided among 
the heirs. He was one of the organizers of 
the Hamilton, Lecnion & Lateer Bank, con- 
tinuing with it up to the time of his death, 



since which time it has become what is 
known as the Hamilton & Cunningham 
Bank of Hoopeston. 

-Mrs. Leemon has in her possession some 
valuable residence property in Hcxipeston. 
In 1897 she decided to lea\e the farm and, 
purchasing property on Washington street 
in Hoopeston, she had this remodeled after 
her own plans and now has a very beautiful 
and in\iting home, valued at eight thousand 
dollars. Into this she moved with her fam- 
ily and is now a valued resident of the town. 
She holds membership in the Universalist 
church and to its support Mr. Leemon was 
a liberal contributor, although he never held 
menJ)ership with any religious denomina- 
tion. His was a character of great breadth 
and purity, however, and to his family he 
left the precious legacy of the memory of a 
noble life that is well wortbv of emulation. 



F. D. TOMLINSON. 

V. D. Tomlinson is a well known repre- 
sentative of the farming interests of Ver- 
milion county. He has five hundred acres 
of rich and arable land in Ross township 
and is accounted one of the successful and 
progressive agriculturists and also one of 
the early settlers of this locality, for since 
1856 he has made his home in the county. 
He was born near ]\Iarshfield, in Warren 
county, Indiana, March 25, 1842. His fa- 
ther, Jesse Tomlinson, was a native of 
Ohio and after arriving at years of maturity 
removed westward, settling in Warren 
county in 1827, among the early settlers of 
that ]iart of the state. He took up bis abode 
upon a farm and there he remained until his 
life's labors were ended in death in 1853. 
He was married there to Mary McFarland, 
a native of Ohio. Her death occurred with- 
in two months of her husband's demise. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



171 



The subject of this review is called Dean 
Tomlinson by his many friends and the cir- 
cle of his acquaintance is a very wide one 
in Vermilion county. He is the youngest 
in a family of five sons and six daughters, 
all of whom reached mature years, although 
he and his two sisters are the only ones now 
living. His sister Frances resides with him 
acting as his housekeeper since the death 
of his wife. The other sister, Juliet, is the 
wife of W. B. Miller, of Marshfield, In- 
diana. After the death of his father in 
1853 F. D. Tomlinson came to Illinois, 
being at that time a youth of fourteen years. 
He lived with his brother-in-law until he 
had attained his majority, when he rented 
land and engaged in farming on his own ac- 
count. After two years he settled upon his 
own place, where he now resides. He se- 
cured a tract of raw prairie which he broke 
and fenced, continuing its cultivation as the 
years passed until its rich productive fields 
constitute one of the valuable farms of the 
community. His first home was a log 
cabin, which he occupied for several years 
while clearing and developing his farm, 
but it has long since been replaced by a 
commodious, neat and substantial residence. 
He also has a good barn upon his place, 
convenient outbuildings and the latest im- 
proved machinery. An orchard of his own 
planting bears its fruit in season and shade 
trees surround the home. The place is well 
tiled so that the land has become arable, 
and fences divide the farm into fields of 
convenient sizes. He raises good stock in 
addition to the cultivation of his crops and 
his is one of the modern and model farms 
of the county. 

In this county, in Newell township, No- 
vember 12, 1872, Mr. Tomlinson was united 
in marriage to Matilda C. Youne', a native 



of this county, born in Newell township, 
January 26, 1853, Her father, Charles S. 
Young was one of the early settlers, who 
came to Illinois from Kentucky, his birth 
having occurred in Bourbon county, that 
state, in 1809. He established his home in 
Newell township at a very early period in 
its impro\'ement and was there engaged in 
farming. In 1889 Mr. Tomlinson was 
called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, 
who passed away on the 22d of February, 
and was laid to rest in the family burial 
ground near Marshfield, Indiana. They' 
had four children: Elizabeth F., the wife 
of O. W. Cannon, of Danville, by whom 
she has a son, William D. ; Charles S. ; 
Jesse Dean; and John R. They also lost 
three children : Mary, who died when a 
child of seven years ; Walter, who died at 
the age of four years; and an infant son. 
When age conferred upon Mr. Tomlinson 
the right of franchise he proudly cast his 
first presidential vote for General U. S. 
Grant in 1868 and has given his support to 
each presidential nominee of the party since 
that time. Forty-six years' residence in this 
country entitles him to mention among the 
old settlers and he belongs to that class of 
enterprising citizens, who, while promoting 
their individual success, have also taken a 
helpful interest in the work pertaining to 
the g'eneral welfare. He is well known in 
tile northeastern section of the county and 
his intelligence, worth, and integrity have 
made him a valued citizen. 



WILLIAM H. CARTER. 

\'ermilion county figures as one of the 
most attractive, progressive and prosperous 
division of the state of Illinois, justlv claim- 



1/2 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



ing a high Dfdcr oi citizenship and a spirit 
of enterprise wliich is certain to conserve 
onsecuti\-e deN'elopinent and marked ad- 
vancemnt in tlie material upbuilding of the 
section. The county has been and is sig- 
nally favored in the class (jf men who have 
controlled its affairs in official capacity, and 
in this connection the subject of this review 
demands representation as one who has 
served the county faithfully and well in posi- 
tions of distinct trust and responsibility. 
He is now acceptably lilling the position of 
county recorder, to which he was elected 
in 1900 for a term of four years. 

Mr. Carter was born in Peoria county, 
Illinois, September 15, 1863. and is a son 
of Abraham and Eliza (Baum) Carter. He 
comes of Welsh-American ancestry. His 
maternal grandfather, Charles Baum, was 
one of the pioneer settlers of Vermilion 
county, Illinois. He came from Ohio to 
this county, settling in Carroll township 
when that region was still wild and unim- 
proved. He bore his part in the work of 
development and progress and he lived to 
the advanced age of ninety-eight years. Of 
his children there is Ijut one survivor, Mrs. 
Eliza Carter, the mother of our subject. 
She is a native of Ohio, and for one-third 
of a century has been a widow, for Abraham 
Carter, the father of our subject, died in 
1869. He was a native of Illinois. By 
this marriage there were three children, 
Charles E.. now deceased; Frank A., who 
is living in Indianola, Illinois: and William 
11., of this review. 

In the public schools of Indianola Will- 
iam H. Carter acquired his literary edu- 
cation. Plis early youth was spent upon the 
home farm and after entering upon his bus- 
iness career he accepted a clerkshi|5 in In- 
dianola. Later he served as deputy clerk 



and recorder. In 1900 he was elected re- 
corder of Vermilion county on the Republi- 
can ticket for a term of four terms, so 
that he is now filling that position. He has 
also held township offices, having served as 
collector. Socially he is identified with the 
Beiiexolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
with the Masonic fraternity, the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Modern 
Woodmen of America. Xo trust reposed 
in him has e\er been betrayed and he is a 
most capable official, discharging his dutie: 
in a prompt and able manner, placing the 
general good before personal advancement. 



ROBERT V. CHESLEY. 

Upon the jjublic life of Danville Robert 
V. Chesley left an indelible impression and 
he wrote his name upon the keystone of the 
legal arch of Illinois, figuring during the 
middle portion of the nineteeth century as 
one of the most skilled lawyers and gifted 
orators that appeared before courts of the 
state. No citizen of Danville was ever more 
respected and no man ever more fully en- 
joyed the respect so freely accorded him. 
Honorable in business, loyal in citizenship, 
charitable in thought, kindly in action, true 
to every trust confided to his care, his life 
was of th.e highest t}pe of American man- 
hood. Lie was one of the great lawyers of 
the Illinois bar who lives in the memories of 
his contenijioraries encircled with the halo of 
a gracious presence, charming personality, 
])rofound legal wisdom, thrilling oratory, 
puritv of public and private life and the quiet 
dignitv of an ideal follower of his calling. 

Mr. Chesley was a native of \'irginia, 
born May 9, 1832, a son of Alexander P. 




ROBERTCHESLEY 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



175 



Chesley, who after removing to Danville be- 
came postmaster of the city. The son at- 
tended school in Columbus, Ohio, and from 
there came to Vermilion county, where he 
entered upon his business career as an ap- 
prentice to the harness-maker's trade under 
William Myers. When his three years' term 
of service had expired he continued with his 
employer as a journeyman for a number of 
years and then accepted a clerkship in the 
Humphrey drug store. Subseciuently he be- 
came a salesman in the dry-goods store of 
Prosper and Victor Leseure, after which he 
established a harness and saddlery store of 
his own, his shop standing at the corner op- 
posite the First National Bank. He re- 
mained in that business for a time and then 
again engaged in clerking, this time in the 
employe of William E. Russel, a dry-goods 
merchant. 

About this time, — on the 21st of Octo- 
ber, 1852, — in Danville, Mr. Chesley was 
united in marriage to Miss Helen M. Rus- 
sel, a native of Litchfield county, Connecti- 
cut, born August 16, 1830, a daughter of 
William E. and Emeline (Bradley) Russel, 
the former a native of Middletovvn, Connec- 
ticut, and the latter of Litchfield county, 
\\here they were married. Her father was 
engaged in the dry-goods business in the 
east and after his removal to Vermilion 
county in 1833 followed the same line of 
business. He was- also engaged in the land 
and loan business and did a great deal of 
business for the county, also filling a number 
of offices, inchuling that of justice of the 
peace. Prominent in public affairs his ac- 
tivity proved of benefit to the community 
along many lines. His political support was 
given the Democracy and socially he was 
connected with the Masonic fraternity and 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
while in religious faith he was a Universa- 



list. He died in March, 1856, and his wife 
passed away on the 7th of November, 1866. 
Mrs. Chesley was one of a family of four 
children. She has one living brother, Al- 
bert Russel, who is retired in Danville. 

After his marriage Mr. Chesley contin- 
ued clerking until September, 1861, when 
with patriotic impulse to aid in the preserva- 
tion of the Union he joined Company C, of 
the Twelfth Regiment of Illinois Infantry, 
serving under the command of Colonel Mc- 
Arthur and General U. S. Grant. He was 
engaged in several battles and skirmishes, in- 
cluding the engagement at Fort Donelson, 
where he was wounded in the leg by a rifle 
ball. He was then sent to the hospital, 
where he was discharged after serving for a 
year. When he had recovered he took up 
the study of law. He had previously de- 
voted much time to reading law while work- 
ing at his trade, often sitting up nights until 
between one and two o'clock pouring over 
some text-book. After his return from the 
army he continued his reading in the office 
of O. L. Da\is and was admitted to the bar 
after successfully passing the required exam- 
ination. He then opened an office and began 
practice in Danville. He was interested in 
the trial of a number of cases with Abraham 
Lincoln and they became fast friends. He 
was also associated with Steplien A. Doug- 
las and other eminent men of the time, 
many of whom attained national reputations. 
A brilliant orator, his gift in this direction 
was one of the potent elements of his suc- 
cess, but added to this was his logical reason- 
ing, his comprehensi\e knowledge of the law 
and his careful preparation of cases. His 
political support was given to the Republican 
party and had he aspired to political honors 
he undoubtedly could have won fame in 
that direction but he always refused to hold 
office. 



176 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



]\[r. and ^\lrs. Clielsey became the par- 
ents of five children : Charles E., who mar- 
ried Ida Dicken, by whom he has five chil- 
dren, is one of the owners of the Chesley 
Boiler Works and resides in Danville; Fred- 
erick H., who wedded Elizabeth Thomas and 
ha? two children, is also living in Danville 
and works for his brothers in the boiler fac- 
tory; John L., who married Eliza Ham- 
nett, is engaged in boiler mannfacturing- in 
this city; L. A., who married Helen S. Stew- 
art and has three children, is the secretary 
and treasurer of the Danville Foundry Com- 
pany ; Helen May, born in Vermilion coun- 
ty, January i, 1866, is the wife of \\'. S. 
Rowlson, who was born in Terre Haute. In- 
diana, Februar}' 24, 1858, their marriage 
taking place May 14, 1885. His father, I. L. 
Rowlson, is a native of Watertown, New 
York, and was married in Terre Haute to 
Mrs. Mildred McGaughey. W. S. Rowlson 
is now engaged in the carriage business in 
Danville. He is a Republican in his political 
views and a member of the ^Modern Wood- 
men fraternity. He and his wife reside at 
No. 927 North Walnut street and they have 
one son, Chesley, born February 24, 1895. 

Mr. Chesley held membership with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and at- 
tended the Presbyterian church. He perhaps 
had miM"c friends in this portion of the state 
than ariy other man. He was popular soci- 
ally and it is said that no man was more 
graceful or gallant in a ball room or at a 
social function. He had a wonderful mem- 
ory for faces and incidents, a most polished 
manner and genial cordiality and all this ren- 
dered him a most pleasant entertainer. As 
a lecturer he had no equal in Danville and in 
fact his superior ability won for him the 
title of "the silver-tongued orator of the 
west." On the platform such was his per- 



siin;il pojnilarity and such liis personal mag- 
netism that his appearance to address the 
people was the signal for tumultuous en- 
thusiasm and when it was known that he 
was to speak at a public or political gather- 
ing people came for miles to hear him until 
the place of meeting was always taxed to its 
utmost capacity and his remarks were 
cheered to the echo. But his was not alone 
tlie oratory of the master of rhetoric, his ut- 
terances rang with truth, originality, logic 
and power. His eloquence made his law 
pleas memorable and his law library was one 
of the finest of the state. The term "Our 
Bob," so often applied to him, was a token of 
endearment— an indication of the tender re- 
gard which his fellow townsmen had for 
him. In his family he was a devoted hus- 
band and father and put forth every effort in 
his power to promote the welfare and happi- 
ness of his wife and children. He had a 
most comprehensive knowledge of the scrip- 
tures and while he made no professions of 
religion, he who attempted to enlist him in a 
Biblical argument found that he must look 
to his own laurels. He lived religion rather 
than ])riifessed it, and no man was more 
generous to the poor and needy, more ready 
in sympathy or shed around him niore of the 
sunshine and happiness of life. His name 
is inscrilied un the records of the l)ar of Illi- 
nois, l)ut in the city \\here he made his home 
and throughout the state where he had ac- 
quaintances, it is enshrined in the hearts of 
those who were proud to call him friend. 



MRS. IDA J. PASTUER. 

The field of journalism has tlrawn to 
its ranks many of the leading men of the 
C(inntr\'. men whose patriotic devotion to 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



177 



the general good, combined with business 
abihty, has enabled them to establish papers 
having marked influence upon the growth 
and substantial progress of the localities 
with which they are connected. Compara- 
tively few women, however, have entered 
the journalistic realm, but if others could 
do so, manifesting the same capability and 
success that has been shown by Mrs. Pas- 
tuer, it would certainly be a work worthy 
of the best efforts of womankind. She of 
whom we write is the editor of the Gazette, 
of Indianola. Upon her husband's death she 
took up the work which he was forced to 
lay down and with the assistance of her 
two sons, H. M. and W. R. Pastuer, she 
has made the paper a credit to the commun- 
ity and a worthy representative of the news- 
paper field of this portion of the state of 
Illinois. 

Mrs. Pastuer is a native of Terre Haute, 
Indiana, and became the wife of Francis 
J. Pastuer, who established the Gazette. 
The Danville Press said of her: "She is 
a woman of much versatility and governs 
a newspaper with the dignity of a society 
woman in her drawing room. After the 
death of her husband she courageously took 
charge of his business and reared her little 
family. She mastered the business and made 
a success of its every detail." The paper now 
has a paid circulation of one thousand cop- 
ies, and is an excellent advertising medium. 
It is an eight page journal and the plant is 
equipped with everything necessary for the 
publication of a modern up-to-date paper. 
Mrs. Pastuer is ably assisted by her two 
sons, H. M. and W. R., and the latter is 
not only serving as city editor but is also 
city clerk of Indianola. The former occu- 
pied the position of foreman of the printing 
office and possessed marked abilitv as a car- 



toon artist, his w^ork in this direction being 
favorably commented upon by expert judges 
in this line in New York. He is at present 
a student in the New York Cartooning 
school, and will take a position as cartoon- 
ist with a leading Memphis, Tennessee, pa- 
per upon receiving his diploma. Mrs. Pas- 
tuer reads broadly, thinks deeply, and with- 
out strongly marked prejudice she presents 
the subjects of which she treats in a fair 
and just manner. Through the columns of 
her paper she has labored earnestly for the 
welfare of Indianola, and the town is proud 
of the Gazette and of its editor. 



D. C. HINSHAW, M. D. 

Since 1887 Dr. D- C. Hinshaw has re- 
sided in the village of Ridgefarm and 
throughout the southern part of the county 
has engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion, a liberal patronage being accorded 
him, because he has demonstrated his skill 
and ability to cope successfully with the 
many intricate problems which are con- 
tinually facing the physician. He is a na- 
tive of Hamilton county, Indiana, born 
April 22, 1858, and is a son of John and 
Sarah Hinshaw, both of whom were na- 
tives of North Carolina, and, removing to 
Hamilton county, Indiana, in 1851, became 
early settlers of the latter locality. The 
father purchased a tract of land and has 
since carried on farming there and he and 
his wife are leading members of the Friends 
church and people of the highest respecta- 
bility, who enjoy to an unusual degree the 
confidence and good will of those with whom 
they are associated. Their marriage was 
blessed with eight children, namelv : Isaac, 



178 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



who is residing in Kansas; Thomas, a phy- 
sician, whose home is in Indianapohs, In- 
diana; Martha ].. a resident of Westtield, 
Indiana; Andrew, who is hving in Hamil- 
ton county ; D. C. ; Aseneth, whose home is 
in Plainfield, Indiana ; Lydia Ann, of To- 
ledo, Ohio; and William, who resides with 
his parents on the old home farm in Hamil- 
ton county, Indiana. 

Dr. Hinshaw, whose name introduce^ 
this record, acquired his early education in 
the district schools near the home farm and 
afterward continued his studies in the high 
school at W'estfield, Indiana. He then en- 
tered upon his medical course, going to 
Indianapolis, where he spent three years 
as a student in the Medical College there 
and was graduated on the ist of March. 
1882, with the degree of M. D. He had 
applied himself closely to the mastery of 
the branches which formed the curriculum, 
and thus thoroughly equipped for the prac- 
tice of his profession he opened an oftice 
in Vermilion (jrove, Illinois, where he re- 
mained for a short time, coming thence to 
Ridgefarm, where he has since resided. 
From the heginning of his residence here 
he has enjo\-ed a very lihend ]Kitronage, 
which has continually grown until now his 
practice is a large and profitable one. He 
has practiced here longer than any other 
ph_\-sician in the village and he has a well 
equippe<l ol'lice in the central jKirt of the 
town. 

Dr. Hinshaw was united in marriage to 
Miss Effie R. Dicken, a native of Vermilion 
county, and a daughter of David Dicken. 
a farmer who served as a soldier in the war 
of the Reljellion. He spent his last years 
however, in retirement from active labor 
and died in Danville. The Doctor was called 
upon to mourn the loss of his wife in 1901. 



she passing away on the 19th of February, 
of that year. There \vere two children of 
that marriage, but the elder, Glenn Craw- 
ford, diet! at the age of five months. Hazel 
E., born in October, 1886, resides with her 
father in Ridgefarm. 

The Doctor is not only prominent pro- 
fessionally but is also recognized as one of 
the leading and enterprising citizens of the 
village, devoted to the general good and ever 
allied to the best interests of the town. For 
two years he acceptably served as mayor 
of Ridgefarm. In politics he is a Republi- 
can and fraternally he is connected with 
the Knights of Pythias and with the ^lod- 
ern Woodmen. In religious faith he is con- 
nected with the Society of Friends. In a 
profession where advancement depends up- 
on individual merit he has steadily pro- 
gressed, each year adding to his efiiciency 
by reason of his continued studv and in- 
vestigation. 

♦-•-♦■ 

JAMES S. SCONCE. 

One of the most beautiful homes in east- 
ern Illinois is "l'"air\iew." .\ palatial resi- 
dence, it stands in the midst of a well kept 
lawn, which sk)pes gradually to the road, a 
(|uartcr of a mile distant, a winding drive 
leading up to the hou.se, which is emljowered 
in statch' trees. l'"ar and wide to the right 
and to the left stretch the broad and richly 
cultiva.ted fields of the estate, and the evi- 
dences of care and cultivation are every- 
where seen. "Fairview" is a monument to 
the life, the enterprise and the energ}- of 
James S. Sconce, whose well directed efforts 
in the business world resulted in the acquire- 
ment of this splendid property, which he left 
as a legacv to his wife and children, when 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



i8i 



his life's labors were ended in death and he 
was called to the home beyond. His mem- 
ory is enshrined in the hearts of all who 
knew him. for he endeared himself to all by 
his straightforward conduct, his gentle man- 
ner and his sterling worth. 

Back to an early epoch in American his- 
tory can the ancestry of the family be traced 
and in many events which left their impress 
upon impro\'ement and progress representa- 
tives of the name were active. When civili- 
zation made its way into the wilderness of 
Kentucky the Sconces joinetl the vanguard 
and the great-grandfather of James S. 
Sconce was one of the pioneers of Bourbon 
countv, Kentucky, where he lived in a large 
log house, built especially to resist Indian at- 
tacks. There were eight brothers in the 
family and they were among the brave early 
settlers who reclaimed that beautiful coun- 
try from the domain of the savages. Near- 
ly all of these brothers emigrated to the 
south and west, bearing part in the reclama- 
tion of wild districts for the purpose of civ- 
ilization. There are now many representa- 
tives of the name in Texas. 

Samuel Sconce, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Bourl)on county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1802, and was there reared amid 
the scenes of frontier life, sharing in the 
hardships and trials of the pioneer settlers 
until the year 1828, when he came to Illi- 
nois, settling in Vermilion county the fol- 
lowing year. Here he was married to Miss 
Nancy Waters, who was born in Bourbon 
county. Kentucky, in 1808. and in 1829 
came with her parents to Brooks Point, Ver- 
milion county, where the marriage was cele- 
brated. For a few years they resided in that 
locality and Mr. Sconce gave his attention 
to agricultural pursuits, which he followed 
very successfully. In 1852 he turned his at- 
tention to merchandising in Indianola as a 



member of the firm of Bailey & Sconce, 
which proved a profitable venture until the 
store was destroyed by fire, when Mr. Sconce 
retired from business life. He died in 1874, 
at the age of seventy-one years, and his wid- 
ow passed away in 1897, at the age of eigh- 
ty-nine. They were the parents of three 
children who reached mature years : James 
S. ; America J., of Indianola, who is the wid- 
ow of Dr. Oliver Calvert, by v.-hom she had 
a daughter who died at the age of sixteen 
years: and Thomas J., who was for many 
years a resident of Carroll township, Ver- 
milion county, and died January i, 1888. 

James S. Sconce was bom near Brooks 
Point, November 14, 1831. and accjuired a 
good education, attending first the district 
schools, later the more advanced schools of 
Danville and subsequently the Georgetown 
Academy, at that time the leading educa- 
tional institution of this portion of the state. 
He was also early trained to hard work on 
the home farm and when twenty-four years 
of age he entered his father's store as a clerk 
and for four years drew a salary of only 
three hundred dollars per year. In 1859, 
thinking he might find better business oppor- 
tunities west of the Mississippi, he went to 
Kansas, where he pre-empted one hundred 
and sixty acres of land in Lyons county. He 
remained, however, for only three months 
and then traded his property for a similar 
tract of land in Illinois and here began his 
career as a stockman and dro\er. During 
this time he made the acquaintance of the 
lady whom he sought as his wife, and in Sep- 
tember, 1 86 1, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Emma Sodowsky, the only daughter of 
Harvey Sodowsky. She was reared at 
W'oodlawn, her father's country home and 
supplemented her early education by attend- 
ance at the Georgetown Academy. 

After his marriage Mr. Sconce li\'ed for 



I82 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



a year with his fatlier-in-la\v and then lo- 
cated on tlie place which is now the home of 
his widow and son. As his t'lnancial re- 
sources increased he added to his property 
until he became the owner of twenty-one 
hundred acres of as fine land as can be found 
in this part of the country. He erected 
thereon a splendid residence in the midst of 
tall and graceful trees, which shade a spaci- 
ous lawn, adorned l)y the arts of the land- 
scape gardener. To this place Mrs. Sconce 
very appropriately gave the name of Fair- 
view. Mr. Sconce not only gave his atten- 
tion to tile cultivation of the cereals best 
adapted to soil and climate, but was also an 
extensive raiser and dealer in stock, his vol- 
ume of business in this department reacliing 
a large figure annually. The estate left by 
him was one of the largest ever probated in 
Vermilion county and to the widow and 
children also came the satisfaction of know- 
ing tliat it was gained through strictly legit- 
imate and honorable business methods. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Sconce were born 
three children : Anna, the wife of William 
G. Cathcart, the banker of Sideli, Illinois, by 
whom she has a daughter, Celia ; Harvey J. ; 
and Samuel, who died in infancy. It is said 
that "sorrows come not singly," and so it 
seems for Mrs. Sconce lost her husband, her 
father and her mother within a year. Mr. 
Sconce passed away September 21, 1888, at 
the age of fifty-seven years. 

While his success excited the admiration 
of those who knew him. it was his personal 
characteristics that drew around iiim so 
many warm friends. He was a man of fine 
appearance, six feet in height, broad shoul- 
dered, and with the keen, blue eye so char- 
acteristic of the family. He would have at- 
tracted attention in any gathering. Politi- 
cally he was a Democrat from conviction 
and princijjle and in 1882 he consented to be- 



come a candidate for state senator. He made 
a brilliant race, running far ahead of his 
ticket in a county which is strongly Repub- 
lican. He served as supervisor of Carroll 
township and always took a deep interest in 
public afl:'airs. A well filled library indicated 
his literary taste, and he read broadly and 
deeply, spending many of his most pleasant 
hours with his favorite authors. Educa- 
tional matters always awakened his earnest 
interest and heartv co-operation and fcjr a 
number of years he was one of the regents 
of the Wesleyan University, at Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, which was also favored by his 
generosity. He was a consistent and acti\e 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and lie was buried with Masonic honors in 
tiie Woodlawn cemetery, at Indianola. The 
funeral was attended by an immense throng 
and the cortege, headed by three hundred 
Masons in mourning, was over three miles 
in length. ])rol)al)ly the largest funeral e\er 
held in Vermilion County. It was remarked 
by one who knew Mr. Sconce well that "a 
secret society which, commanded the fealty 
of a m;m like James Sconce must have some- 
thing in it." If he loved Masonry it was 
also true tiiat the brethren of the craft loved 
Iiini. He lived a life of simplicity, gentle- 
ness, kindness and charity, and he never al- 
lowed the accumulation of wealth to in any 
way influence his action toward those less 
fortunate, unless it was to make him more 
considerate and gracious. He regarded only 
the worth of character in those whom he 
made his friends and he had the highest re- 
gard for upright manhood. It was therefore 
a logical result that he should draw around 
him a circle of friends that was almost co- 
extensive with his circle of acquaintances, 
and that his death sliould come as a personal 
bereavement to the great majority who 
knew iiim. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



i«3 



His widow still lives at beautiful Fair- 
view. She is well versed iu literature and 
art, and "one is never alone who has the 
companionship of the old masters." As a 
friend remarked to the writer ; "It matters 
not who goes to the home of Mrs. Sconce, 
be they rich or poor, they all receive the same 
gracious welcome." To her husband she was 
a devoted companion and helpmate antl for 
more than a quarter of a century they trav- 
eled life's journey together in a most con- 
genial companionship that made her be- 
reavement very heavy, yet left her with 
many precious memories of hapjiy years of 
wedded life. 



HARVEY J. SCONCE. 

One of the largest and nnjst substantial 
property owners of Vermilion county is 
Harvey J. Sconce, w ho, though still a young 
man, has the responsibility upon his shoul- 
ders of taking care of his large landed inter- 
ests. This he is thoroughly capable of do- 
ing, for he well understands progressive ag- 
ricultural methods and takes a deep interest 
in every improvement that will add to the 
value and attractive^ appearance of his splen- 
did farm. 

Mr. Sconce was born at Fairview farm, 
March 7, 1875. His father was James S. 
Sconce, who was a man prominent in all of 
the affairs of the county in which he made 
his home and well known throughout the 
state, not only as a great agriculturist and 
stock-raiser but also as a progressive and 
public-spirited citizen who had at heart the 
best interests of Vermilion county. He was 
born near Brooks Point in Vermilion coun- 
ty, November 14, 1S31, and died September 
21, 1888. His parents, Samuel and Nancy 
Sconce, were nati\es of Bourbon countv, 



Kentucky, and came to \'ermilion county in 
1829. Theirs was a happy married life and 
the grandfather of our subject was a pro- 
gressive anil influential agriculturist. 
Through the enterprise and efforts of this 
couple the great Sconce estate was created, 
which is known to be one of the finest coun- 
try estates in the United States. Besides 
their son James S. they had two other chil- 
dren : America J., the widow of Oliver Cal- 
vert and a resident of Indianola ; and 
Thomas J., who died January i, 1888. 
James S. Sconce was educated in the public 
schools of this county and the schools of 
Danville. He married Miss Emma Sodow- 
sky, a daughter of Harvey Sodowsky, who 
was one of the farmer "princes" of Ver- 
milion county. She was born June 25, 1842, 
and by her marriage became the mother of 
three children: Anna, Harvey J., and Sam- 
uel, who died in infancy. Anna is now the 
wife of William G. Cathcart, of Sidell, Ver- 
milion county, and has one child, Celia, aged 
nine years. 

Harvey J. Sconce received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools of Vermilion 
county and was reared upon his father's 
delightful farm called Fairview, situated in 
the western part of Carroll township, where 
he yet resides. Later he entered the Univer- 
sity of Illinois, taking the special agricult- 
ural course and graduating in the class of 
1897. While in college he took an active 
interest in athletics and played on the 'var- 
sity football ele\en for three years and on 
the 'varsity nine for one year. 

Upon his return from college 'Mr. 
Sconce immediately assumed control of his 
father's estate which had been under the su- 
pervision of his mother during his minority. 
The farm comprises thirty-one hundred and 
forty acres of the finest land in the state. 
In connection with the cultivation of his 



i84 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



land Mr. Sconce is also engaged in feeding 
stock on a large scale and niakes a specialty 
of pure bred shorthorns, having a herd of 
pure white shorthorns at the present time in 
addition to his red herd. He is regarded as 
good authority on all agricultural subjects. 

On the 2d of June, 1897, j\Ir. Sconce 
was united in marriage to Miss Eva Fisher, 
who was bom July 22, 1876, and is the 
daughter of Michael and Marietta Fisher, of 
Indianola. One cliild blesses this union, 
Emma Frances, born May g, 1898. 1'he 
members of the Sconce household now con- 
sists of our subject, his mother, wife and 
child, and theirs is a happy home, made at- 
tractive by all the modern conveniences of 
this progressi\'e and enlightened age. Elec- 
tric lights illuminate all of the farm build- 
ings as well as the palatial residence, which 
consists of beautifully furnished rooms, 
fitted u]) in the most perfect taste. A de- 
lightful conser\-atory is one of the eml)el- 
lishmcnts of the home and it contains beau- 
tiful and rare plants and Howers, while a 
billiard room contributes to the entertain- 
ment of those who enjoy such pastime. 

Fraternally Mr. Sconce is a Mason, be- 
ing past master of Sidell Lodge, No. 798, 
F. & .\. M., and he also belongs to the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks at 
Danville and to the Kappa Sigma, a (ireek 
letter fraternity. His religious views are in- 
dicated 1)',- his membership in the ^lethodist 
church and in politics he is a Republican, be- 
lieving hrmly in the principles of that party. 
He is deep]}- interested in the general wel- 
fare of bis county and state and keejjs well 
informed on the c|uestions and issues of the 
day. Patriotic and progressive, public spir- 
ited -and enterprising, he is one of Vermilion 
coimty's representative men and is held in 
the highest respect and esteem by all who 
know him. 



EDWARD ROUSE. 

Edward Rouse is a i)ioneer settler of 
Vermilion county, having located here in 
1834. He had previously visited the county 
in 1832, and returned to Ohio, his native 
place, in 1833, but he again came to \'ermil- 
ion county the next year, locating in Dan- 
ville township, and removed to Newell town- 
ship in 18.4.9. Here he has remained and 
during the succeeding years has been a \ery 
prominent man in his locality and has taken 
an important part in the work of improve- 
ment and development of the same. He was 
born in Scioto county. Ohio. ]\larch 18. 
1825, and is the son of Reason and IMartha 
(Olehy) Rouse, who were natives of Dela- 
ware and \'irginia. respectiveh', and were 
married in Ohio. The subject of this re\'iew 
is one of a family of six children. Isaac died 
in December, 1883. Rebecca Ann died in 
Ohio, on the return of Air. Rouse to diat 
state, in 1833. l"he subject of this review is 
the third in order of l)irth. John resides on 
the state line in U'arrcn countv, Indiana, 
and also li\-ed in \'ermilion county for some 
years. Dennis died about the year 1896. 
Elizabeth is the deceased wife of Joseph 
Huston. .She left one child, who also died 
later. 

Edward l\ouse of this review attended 
the subscription schools in the months of 
winter and worked upon the farm in the 
summer .seasons. Fie came from Ohio in a 
covered wagon and hired a man to make the 
tri]). which consumcfl about three weeks. 
His fatlier b;id died when he was about 
si.x years of age and the mother died the fol- 
lowing March, in 1833, leaving six orphans. 
Edward Rouse made his home after this 
witli his mother's brothers and was reared 
bv them. He lived witli his uncles until lie 
was about eighteen years of age, when he be- 




EDWARD ROUSE. 




MRS. EDWARD ROUSE. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



189 



gan working out by the month, at first re- 
ceiving seven dollars. He continued work- 
ing until his marriage, which occurred Oc- 
tober 4, 1S46, the lady of his choice being 
Minerva Martin, who was born in Newell 
township, A'^ermilion county, August 16, 
1829. She is the young'est of a family of 
eleven children, all of whom reached years 
of maturity. The family were pioneers of 
Vermilion county, and Mrs. Rouse is the 
only surviving member. The family was es- 
tablished in the state before there were any 
railroads constructed and iVIrs. Rouse now 
lives within one quarter of a mile of the old 
homestead on which she was reared. There 
was a race to enter the piece of land north of 
where she was born. 

After his marriage Mr. Rouse of this re- 
view rented land for one year and in 1848 
he bought forty acres at four dollars per 
acre. This was all wild and unimproved, 
but with characteristic energy he proceeded 
to cultivate it and place it under a high state 
of productiveness. He made all of the im- 
provements thereon, and his neat and attrac- 
tive residence and substantial barns and 
granaries indicate the progressive spirit of 
the owner. He has been ver}^ industrious 
and energetic, and with the aid of his estima- 
ble wife he has succeeded in winning a com- 
fortable competence. The wife has not only 
done the house work, but has made all the 
clothing and otherwise has borne the bur- 
dens and endured the hardships incident to 
pioneer life, when the advantages of an old- 
er civilization were not obtainable. Both 
Mr. Rouse and his wife were reared in a log 
cabin. After their marriage Mr. Rouse built 
a frame liouse in 1861 on his farm. The 
nearest trading points to their home were 
Covington and Perrysville, and their grain 
was hauled to Lafayette and Chicago in ex- 
change for groceries, salt and provisions. 



They made the journey with teams, camp- 
ing out on the way to and from the city. 
Mr. Rouse hauled apples to Ottawa on the 
Illinois river, and to Chicago, in 1849. I" 
case of a drought in their part of the state, he 
would return with a load of potatoes bought 
at seventy-five cents and sold at one dollar 
and a half per bushel. There being no rail- 
roads in the state, the interchange of com- 
merce was slow and not extensive. Mr. and 
Mrs. Rouse well remember the first railroad 
that was constructed into Danville, known 
as the Toledo, Wabash & Western Railroad, 
in 1857. That also was the year in which 
Mrs. Rouse lost her mother by death. 
Twenty years previous to this, during the 
early boyhood days of Mr. Rouse, he worked 
at teaming on a railroad that was begun but 
was never finished until it was revived in 
1857. Mr. Rouse is now in his seventy- 
eighth year and can see to read without 
glasses, which he has done for the past ten 
years, now having his "second eye-sight." 
For thirty years previous to that he wore 
glasses. He was actively engaged in farm- 
ing until the year 1900, but since that time 
has lived retired upon the old home farm. 
He and his wife celelsrated their gxjlden wed- 
ding October 4, 1896, and all of the children 
and grandchildren except two of the family 
circle were gathered around the old home 
fireside to participate in the joyous function. 
The two not present were Mrs. Alice Stew- 
art, of Kansas, and John B., of Nebraska. 
Invitations were sent out and about two 
hundred were present. This was a happy 
re -union for the family, and manv reminis- 
cences of former days were indulged in, and 
comparisons made between the primitive 
past and the progressive present. The ven- 
erable father and mother of this family of 
children were made young again in spirit by 
the oresenee of their lo\'ed ones. 



I90 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Unto ]\Ir. and Mrs. Rouse were born 
twehe children, as follows : Martha is the 
wife of Thomas Mackin and resides in Ver- 
milion county. They are the parents of sev- 
en children, five of whom are living. Den- 
nis H. married Sarah Crouse and resides in 
Dan\ille. They have one living child and 
lost two. The third member of the Rouse 
family is Susan, who lives upon the home 
farm, and is caring for her aged parents. 
"John B. married Josephine Herrin and they 
reside in Nebraska, having three children. 
Rosann is the wife of Alex Stewart and 
they had six children, five of whom are liv- 
ing. They reside in Kansas. Their oldest 
girl is married and lives in Colorado. Mary 
Ann is the wife of W. T. Hanson. They 
had li\'e chilfh'cn, three of whom are yet liv- 
ing". They reside one-half mile north of the 
old home farm in Newell townshij). They 
have one daughter who is niarried and has 
one child, the latter being the great-grand- 
child of I\Ir. and Mrs. Rou^e. Rebecca Ann 
is the wife of Leroy Walker, is living in 
Danville, and has four children. Julia Ann 
is tlie wife of Charles T. Long. They had 
nine children, six of whom are living, and 
make their home in Danville township. 
JMincrva is the wife of L. P. Adams, of 
Newell township, and has four living chil- 
dren. They also lost one. Sarah Ann is the 
wife of John J. Long, residing in Danville 
township, and the\" have se\'en children, all 
living. One child died in infancy; and Ed- 
win Austin, the youngest member of the 
family, died October 18, 1886, at the age of 
fnurteen years, ten months and two days. 

^Ir. and ]ilrs. Rouse have lived in Ver- 
milion county for many years. There werje 
scarcely any towns or villages here at lliat 
time. They have since sprung up into flour- 
ishing and enterprising towns and cities and 
thus the progress of the great state of Illi- 



nois has !)een assured. Mrs. Rouse has made 
trijis to Danville for her mother when there 
was only one store in the place — a wonder- 
ful change is now seen in this thriving city 
of the west. At that time the land abounded 
in sloughs. Her mother died in her sixty- 
eighth year, January 28, 1857, in the pres- 
ent home of ^Ir. Rouse and his wife. Her 
father died in Washington territory near 
Vancouver, in March, 1861. He was one of 
the highly respected pioneers of Vermilion 
county and at the time of his death was 
about se\"enty-five years of age. 

Mr. Rouse and his wife are among those 
who have helped to build up Newell town- 
ship, and their prominence and popularity in 
the township is indicated by the fact that 
their niauv friends toijk occasion on their 
golden wedding to present them with many 
valuable presents. Among these were two 
walking canes, one gold headed and the oth- 
er made of pure glass in the glass works at 
Danville. The gold headed cane was pre- 
sented by friends at Danville. Their chil- 
dren presented each with a beautiful gold 
watch. The dishes presented by Danxille 
friends are gold lined, beautiful and costly 
soux'enirs. Mrs. Rouse's sister's children 
presented them with a golden pitcher of ex- 
quisite taste and design and two golden can- 
dlesticks representing the fiery serpent were 
among the presents. This plainly shows the 
high esteem and hnnor in which ^Ir. and 
Mrs. Rouse arc held by their many friends, 
and the pages of the history of Vermilion 
county, past and present, will be enhanced 
by mention of these pioneer citizens. In 
their comfortable home happiness, peace and 
contentment reign, as the result of lives no- 
bly spent. The home is tastefully furnished 
and arranged. Their daughter, Susan, who 
is acting as housekeeper and general mana- 
ger, has splendid business ability and great 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



191 



taste in arranging tlie liome and grounds. 
She is gifted in the art of the taxidermist 
and has a charming and beautiful collection 
of native birds. She has natural ability in 
this line and the birds are arranged very 
artistically in a case and have a very natural 
and life-like appearance. She has a collec- 
tion of almost every species of native birds, 
among them being two mud hens. 

Mr. Rouse now owns two hundred and 
forty acres of the very best improved land in 
Vermilion county, and every foot of the 
same has been put under its present state of 
cultivation through the hard work of Air. 
Rouse. Only eight acres were cleared when 
it came into his possession. His land is so 
divided in various portions, that it may be 
equally distributed among his children. In 
addition he owns one hundred and sixty 
acres in Kansas. The labcjrs of this honored 
couple have brought to them a comfortable 
competence and they are now enjoying a 
well earned rest from the toils of life. For 
many years they have Ii\-ed together in hap- 
piness, their mutual love and confidence in- 
creasing as the years have passed. The land 
that he possesses is partly in his wife's name, 
she ha\'iug forty acres deeded to her. Of 
the other portion of the farm, one hundred 
and thirty-three acres are in Danville town- 
ship, and sixty-seven acres are in Newell 
township, making in all about two hundred 
and forty acres. Before his retirement from 
active life Mr. Rouse had been identified for 
fifty-four years with farming and stockrais- 
ing. He has also taken a prominent part in 
public affairs. He served for one term as 
supervisor of Newell township, beginning in 
tlie early part of the year 1862, and has 
helped build schools on his own and other 
land. He and his wife are identified with 
the Primitive Baptist church, which he 



helped to build on his land, giving the asso- 
ciation the site and aiding in its material 
and spiritual growth. Many of the meet- 
ings of this association are held at his house. 
Mr. Rouse has always voted the Democratic 
ticket, casting his first presidential ballot for 
Louis Cass, and he has since been a standard 
bearer of the party, of which he is very 
proud. Horace Greeley is tiie only Demo- 
cratic nominee for the presidency whom he 
failed to vote for. During his active busi- 
ness life Mr. Rouse was a very successful 
farmer and his land was so cultivated as to 
yield him a fine return, his annual corn crops 
yielding him now forty to fifty bushels and 
oats twenty-five to fifty bushels to the acre. 
He is a noble representati\'e of the pioneers 
of \^ermilion county, and his life record 
should be an inspiration to future genera- 
tions. 



GEORGE TANNER. 

To the heroes who fought and suffered, 
giving several of the best years of their 
early manhood to the preservation of th6 
L^nion under whose flag they were born, 
universal tribute of gratitude is given and 
it is fitting that their patriotic service should 
find mention in the annals of their county, 
state and naton. Those who are enjoying 
the peace and prosperity which have come 
as a direct result of that long and terrible 
strugg'le between the north and south can- 
not have impressed upon their minds too 
often the great price which it cost. Wher 
the tocsin of war sounded George Tanner 
was among those who responded, and 
throughout the greater part of the Civil war 
he wore the blue uniform of the nation and 
valiantly fought its battles. 



19-2 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Mr. Tanner was born in Carroll county, 
Indiana, January 30, 1839, his parents be- 
ing Jacob and Elizabeth (Pilcher) Tanner, 
the former a native of New York and the 
latter of Ohio. The father followed farm- 
ing throughout his entire business career 
The mother died in \'ermilion county, Illi- 
nois, near Danville, and of the fourteen 
children of the family but three are now 
living: Samuel, Sarah and George. Sarah 
is the wife of Elias IMarion. After the 
death of his first wife the father married 
Mrs. Boggs and his death occurred in Aug- 
ust. 1890, in Urbana. 

George Tanner pursued his education in 
the common schools of Ford county, Illinois, 
and remained at home through the period 
of his yciuth, assisting in the work of the 
home farm, when not pursuing his studies. 
He began farming on his own account on 
rented land and after two years thus passed 
he i)urchasc(I fortv acres in \'ermilion coun- 
tv. .\s a com])anion and helpmate for the 
journey of life he chose Miss Eliza Speers 
and they were married near Pilot Grove, 
Illinois, November 17, 1858. The lady was 
a native of Virginia and died on the 15th 
of November, 1859, leaving one child. 
Francis Marion, who resides in Danville. 

On the 4th of August, 1862, in response 
to his country's need, Mr. Tanner enlisted 
at Chambersburg, Indiana, as a member 
of Company H, Seventy-second Indiana In- 
fantry, under Captain R. B. Hanna and 
Colonel A. O. Miller. The regiment was 
assigned to the Fourteenth Army Corps, 
under General Thomas, who commanded 
the corps for about a year. They were 
mounted infantry of Wilder's Brigade and 
afterward joined Long's corps of cavalry, 
remaining in the cavalry service until the 
close of hostilities. I\Tr. Tanner was also 



with Sherman throughout the Chattiuiooga 
campaign and at the battle of Chickamauga. 
He was also in the engagements at Stt)ne 
River, Hoo\er"s Gap. the Atlanta campaign, 
Buzzard's Roost, Ringgold and luunerous 
others of lesser importance. During the 
Atlanta campaign his entire brigade were 
in their saddles for forty-two days and 
nights, protecting the troops of infantry. 
After this campaign the regiment fell b.'ick 
with Thomas, at .Vashville. and engaged 
in the pursuit of Hood. Later they were 
detached and sent to follow Sherman on 
his march to the sea, proceeding as far as 
Macon, within three days' march of 
Atlanta when the news of Lee's surrender 
was received. On that occasion the Sev- 
enty-second Indiana fell back to Louisville, 
Kentucky, and was there mustered out, Mr. 
Tanner receiving an honorable discharge 
at Indianapolis, on the 26th day of July. 
1865. He was within <me hundred and fifty 
yards of McPherson when that general was 
killed. He was also in the battle of Selma, 
Alalnma, on the Sunday when the L'nion 
troops, numbering only twenty-five hun- 
dred, engaged the forces of General Forest, 
numbering seven thousand men. They cap- 
tured Selma. Alabama, in one hour and 
forty minutes, and lost one hundred and 
fifty men. both commanders. Long and Mil- 
ler, being wounded. Thev secured one 
thousand ])risoners. over one thousand 
horses, and killing more than a thousand 
of the Rebel troops. The city was fortified 
l)y a line of breastworks and was consid- 
ered one of the best fortified strongholds 
of the entire south, but the l^nion troops 
with marked gallantry captured this place, 
destroying the southern arsenal with all its 
guns, cannon and ammunition. Mr. Tan- 
ner ser\-ed for three vears as one of the 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



»93 



valiant defenders of the old flag, never wa- 
vering in his allegiance or faltering in his 
faith as to the final outcome of the Union 
arms. His health was much impaired dur- 
ing the service, and in fact he has never 
fully recovered to this day. 

After the close of the war Mr. Tanner 
returned to Ford county and assisted his 
father on the home farm for a short time. 
He then went to Ohio on a visit and was 
there married to Julia A. Tanner, of Pales- 
tine, in the year 1866. He re^nained in the 
Buckeye state for two years, carrying on 
farming, after which he returned to Illinois, 
taking up his abode in Vermilion county 
upon his father's land near East Lynn. He 
then cared for his parents until his mother's 
death. On account of ill health contracted 
in the service he was advised by his phy- 
sician to leave the farm and he turneil his 
attention to the carpenter's trade which he 
followed for about a quarter of a century, 
living at East Lynn and working as a build- 
er in that vicinity. In 1890 he came to 
Hoopeston, where he continued his carpen- 
try work for six years and then on account 
of ill healtli he was obliged to retire from 
business life. He is now serving his thirv 
term as justice of the peace in Hoopeston 
and discharges his duties in a manner that 
is alike creditable to himself and satisfac- 
tory to his constituents. He is also acting 
as agent for fire and tornado insurance 
companies and writes a fair amount of poli- 
cies each year. 

L'nto ]\Ir. Tanner by his second wife 
were born four children, but only one is 
now living, Catherine, the wife of Lester 
D. Knight, now of Clarion, Iowa, but at 
the time of their marriage a merchant of 
Hoopeston. ]\Ir. Tanner has also reared 
a grandson, Luther Arnold, who lias been 



a member of his household from the age of 
six years. Mr. Tanner resides on East 
Penn street where he owns a pleasant and 
attractive home. In his political views he 
is a stalwart Republican and is now serv- 
ing as notary public. He likewise belongs 
to the Grand Army of the Republic, in 
which he served for one term as adjutant. 
His religious faith is indicated by his mem- 
bership in the Baptist church. As a citizen 
he has been fathful to his duties in times 
of peace as well as in times of war. He 
made a great sacrifice for his country in 
the hour of her danger but he never counted 
the cost when the stability of the LInion 
was threatened. He relates many interest- 
ing incidents of his army life. He tells 
how on New Year's eve of 1863, a detail 
of ten men out of each company of the bri- 
gade was made and a detachment from the 
Fourth Regulars, from the Seventh Penn- 
sylvania, the Second New Jersey and the 
Second Tennessee, started with these men 
from Mr. Tanner's brigade upon a raid. 
It was a memorable night because of the 
intense cold. The sleet lay so thick on the 
ground that it made an icy covering and 
the men found it impossible to remain in 
their saddles. The second day out they 
were on the Cumberland mountains and 
stopped that night -in Savannah, Tennessee, 
where they went into camp on the Tennes- 
see, and from there to Memphis, Tennessee. 
Mr. Tanner was among the number de- 
tailed, and with the others he proceeded on 
the road to Memphis, and from there down 
through Mississippi to West Point, where 
they met General Forrest. The L'nion 
troops were compelled to fall back and had 
a running fight with the Rebels for five 
days and nights, falling back through Holly 
Springs and then back to Memphis. Ten- 



194 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



nessee. Mr. Tanner was the first man that 
carried dispatches over the Cumberland 
muuntains from Tracy City to Jasper, Ten- 
nessee. The government now grants him a 
pension of fourteen dollars per month in re- 
cognition of what he did for his country, al- 
though this is totally disproportionate to his 
services and the sacrifice it has cost him in 
vices and the sacrifice it has cost him in 
health. He is widely known in Vermilion 
count}^ and in office he has gained the re- 
spect and confidence of all with wliom he 
has been associated. His friends are many 
and it is with pleasure that we present to 
them this record of his life. 



WILLIAM HUBB. 



From an early epoch in the settlement 
of Vermilion county William Hubb was 
one of its residents and took an active part 
in the work which changed this from a wild 
frontier region to one of the leading coun- 
ties of this great commonwealth. He was 
a native of Germany, born September 12, 
1 81 2. His father, Adam Hubb, was also 
born in Germany, where he spent his entire 
life. There he learned the shoemaker's 
trade and followed it continuously until his 
death. Three of his children came to Amer- 
ica — our subject and two sisters — but all 
and now deceased. 

During his boyhood days, passed in 
Germany, William Hubb learned the shoe- 
maker's trade and worked at that pursuit 
with his father until 1845, when he resolved 
to seek a home in the new world, with its 
broader business opportunities. Accordingly 
he severed the ties which bound him to his 
native land and sailed for America, landing 



in Xew York city, where he followed shoe- 
maknig for two years. During that time 
he was united in marriage to Miss Alagda- 
lenc W'illem, who was born in Germany, in 
June, 1818, and was a daughter of Jacob 
W illeni, a cooper by trade and also a large 
fruit raiser of the fatherland. He spent his 
entire life in Germany. The marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Hubb was blessed with seven 
children: William, who died in 1886, 
Charles, who died in Carthage, Missouri, 
in 1898; Magdalene, the wife of E. C. 
Vorse, of Crawfordsville, Indiana; Fritz, 
who married Callie Johnson and is now en- 
gaged in the grocery business at the corner 
of Madison and Pine streets in Danville; 
Lou. deceased; Marie, the wife of Charles 
M. Smith, owner of an art and stationery 
store on Vermilion street, in Danville; and 
one that died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith now make their home with her 
mother and they have one child, Hul)b. 

After his marriage Mr. Hubb came di- 
rect from New York city to Danville, ar- 
riving here in 1847, among the early set- 
tlers. He found a small town in the midst 
of a prairie country, which was then Init 
sparsely settled. He at once opened a shoe 
shop and began working at his trade, which 
he followed for several years. Later he es- 
tablished a shoe store, handling ready made 
goofls, thus engaging in retailing shoes un- 
til his later years, when he disposed of his 
store and practically lived in retirement 
from business cares, although he assisted 
his sons to some extent in their grocery 
store. He prospered in his undertak- 
ings and at the time of his death he owned 
considerable property, which was divided 
among his children. He belonged to the 
German Lutheran church of Danville, of 
which his wife is also a member. In poll- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



195 



tics he was an earnest Democrat, believing 
firmly in the principles of the party, but 
though he was often solicited to become a 
candidate for office he would never do so. 
His life was one of marked industry and 
earnest toil and his labor was followed by 
the natural result — a comfortable compet- 
ence. He passed away December 4, 1880, 
respected by all who knew him. He had 
many friends among the early settlers of 
the city as well as many of the more recent 
arrivals here and he enjoyed the esteem of 
all with whom he had been brought in con- 
tact, through business or social relations. 
His widow, Mrs. Hubb, and her daughter, 
Mrs. Smith, reside in a pleasant home at 
No. II Franklin street, wliicli was erected 
at an early day by William Hul)]). 



JONATHAN PRATHER. 

The name of Prather is closely asso- 
ciated with the history of Vermilion county, 
especially in connection with the agricitl- 
tural development of this section of the 
state. Jonathan Prather is a respected and 
worthy member of this family and is classed 
with the intelligent and enterprising farm- 
ers of Ross township. He owns a farm 
lying partly within and also adjoining the 
corporation limits of Rossville. It is well 
improved and valuable. He also has three 
hundred and twenty acres of land on sec- 
tions 9 and 10, Ross township, and thus 
his landed possessions class him with the 
substantial residents of his community. 
About 1847 he became a resident of this 
locality and throughout all the intervening 
years he has been known as one true to the 
duties of public and private life. 



Jonathan Prather, his grandfather, re- 
moved with his family from Kentucky to 
Indiana and became one of the first set- 
tlers of \''ermilion county, that state, spend- 
ing his remaining days there. His son, 
Jeremiah Prather, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Kentuck)-, but was reared 
in the Hoosier state and when he had at- 
tained his majority he wedded Evelyn Mil- 
ler. She, too, was born in Kentucky and 
was a daughter of Cornelia Miller, an aunt 
of George W. Miller, whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this work. About the year 
1847 Jeremiah Prather removed to Ver- 
milion county, Illinois. Much of the land 
still remained in possession of the govern- 
ment. He entered a tract, bought other 
land, and became the owner of nine hun- 
dred acres, upon which he developed an 
excellent farm, spending his last years at 
the old family homestead in Ross township, 
where he died about 1859. His wife had 
passed away a few years previous. 

In Ross township, Jonathan Prather 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth 
He acquired a common-school education 
and after his father's death began providing 
for his own support by working as a farm 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth, 
hand. On the i6th of September, 1863, 
howe\'er, he put aside all business and per- 
sonal considerations in order to aid in the 
preservation of the Union, and, joining the 
Third Indiana Cavalry, was sent to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where the regiment was at- 
tached to the army of the Potomac in the 
valley of the Shenandoah under General 
Phil Sheridan. He participated in the seven 
days' battle of the Wilderness and in many 
similar engagements. He was also in the 
battles of Winchester, Cedar Creek and the 
movements of the army arotmd Petersburg, 



Iy6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



continuing witii his regiment until the final 
surrender of Lee's troops. He was never 
absent from duty and always stacked arms 
with his company. Faithful and loyal he 
was ever found at his post of duty, whether 
on the picket line or the firing line, and after 
the close of the war he was honorably dis- 
charged at Indianapolis, August 3, 1865, 
after which he returned to his home in Illi- 
nois. 

Mr. Prather then followed farming in 
Vermilion county, Illinois, until 1867, when 
he remoxed to Wright county, Missouri, 
where lie spent two years. On the expira- 
tion of that period, however, he again came 
to Vermilion county, renting a farm and 
subsequently purchased a tract of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of improved land. This 
he at once began to cultivate, working in 
the fields until they were made rich and 
productive. He also added more land as 
his financial resources increased buying ad- 
joining tracts and now he has three hun- 
dred and twenty acres, all in one body. 
On this he has erected a neat house and 
substantial barns, has also planted an or- 
chard and has drained his fields by tiling 
until the farm is very rich and productive. 
About 1887, however, Mr. Prather removed 
to Rossville and later bought a seventy acre 
tract of land on the east border of the town. 
Hereon he erected a large and attractive 
home and has since given his attention to 
the impro\-ement of his farm, in addition 
to the cultivation of the old homestead. 

Mr. Prather w-as married in Grant 
township, this county, in 1879, to Mary 
Seager, a native of Michigan, who was born 
and reared near Jackson. She was well ed- 
ucated and successfully engaged in teach- 
ing both in ^lichigan and \'ermilion coun- 
ty. Her father, James Seager, removed 



from that state to Illinois, settling in \'er- 
milion county, and here the daughter met 
and married Mr. Prather. Their union has 
been blessed with one son, Arthur, now a 
young man. 

Mr. Prather was reared in the faith of 
the Democracy but has always been a stanch 
Kepuljlican, unfaltering in his advocacy of 
the party and its princi])les, but he has never 
sought ottice as a reward for his party loy- 
alty. He and his wife are members of the 
Rossville Christian church and he belongs 
to the Grand Army Post, thus mamtaining 
pleasant relations with his old comrades 
who wore the blue uniform of the nation. 
He is to-day as true and loyal to his duties 
of citizenship as when he followed the old 
Hag on southern battle-fields and in Ver- 
milion county, where he has so long made 
his home, he is held in the highest regard, 
because he has been found straightforward 
in his business dealings and honorable in 
his treatment of his fellow men in all social 

relations. 

♦-.-♦ 

JOSEPH G. ENCiLISH. 

.\ half century has passed since this gen- 
tleman arrived in Dainille and he is justly 
numljercd among her honored early settlers 
and leading citizens. He has been prom- 
inently identified with her business interests 
as a merchant and banker and as the proprie- 
tor of manv enterprises which have not only 
advanced his individual success, but have 
also contributed to the general welfare and 
])rosperitv. His is an honorable record of a 
conscientious man, who by his upright life 
has won the confidence of all with whom he 
has come in contact. He has rounded the 
Pslamist's span of three-score years and ten. 




JOSEPH G. ENGLISH. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



199 



and although the snows of several winters 
have whitened his hair, he has tlie vigor of 
a much 3'ounger man, and in spirit and in- 
terests seems yet in his prime. Old age is 
not necessarily a synonym of weakness or 
inactivity. It needs not suggest, as a matter 
of course, want of occupation or helpless- 
ness. There is an old age that is a benedic- 
tion to all that comes in contact with it, thai 
gives out of its rich stores of learning and 
experience, and grows stronger intellectually 
and spiritually as the years pass. Such is 
the life of Mr. English, an encouragement to 
his associates and an example well worthy 
of emulation to the young. 

Joseph Gibson English was born in Ohio 
county, Indiana, near the village of Rising 
Sun, on the 17th of December, 1820. In the 
paternal line the ancestry is traced back 
through several generations to the time of 
the early settlement of Connecticut, and 
and Charles English, the father of our 
subject, was a native of New Haven, that 
state. After arriving at years of maturity 
he married Miss Ann Wright, who was of 
English nativity. The paternal grandfather 
removed to Nova Scotia, but subsequently 
his children returned to the United States 
and settled in various localities. Charles 
English became a resident of Ohio county, 
Indiana, and was there identified with indus- 
trial pursuits, engaging in blacksmithing 
and carpentering. In 1829 he left that lo- 
cality and became a resident of Perrysville 
in the Wabash valley. 

It was in the latter place that J. G. Eng- 
lish largely spent his boyhood days. If the 
horologe of time could but turn upon the past 
and we could look at Perrysville as it ap- 
peared six or seven decades ago, we would 
find there a little log schoolhouse such as was 
usually seen in pioneer districts. It had 



a puncheon fioor and primitive furnishings 
and among the students was Joseph English, 
then a little lad, who owes his school train- 
ing entirely to the privileges found in that 
"temple of learning." As his parents were 
in somewhat straightened financial circum- 
stances he early started qiut to make his own 
way in the world and fiiom the age of four- 
teen has depended entirely upon his own ef- 
forts for a living. He entered the services 
of the firm of Taylor & Linton, general mer- 
chants of Lafayette, Indiana, with whom he 
remained for five years. His position was by 
no means a sinecure for he had to begin 
work in the early morning light and continue 
at his tasks until long after dark. On mar- 
ket days, which occurred thrice weekly, he 
arose between three and four o'clock in the 
morning to sweep the store and prepare it 
for the reception of the Dunkard customers, 
who utilized the early morning hours to 
make their purchases. Although this seemed 
rather a hard life for a boy, it developed in 
Mr. English a self-reliance and force of 
character that have proved to him of incal- 
culable value in later years. While perform- 
ing liis daily tasks he obtained a good 
knowledge of mercantile business and was 
thus qualified to engag'e in merchandising on 
his own account at a later day. He received 
for his services his board and clothing — a 
little compensation for such long hours of 
steady work. After he had been with the 
firm for fi\'e years his employers failed and 
he then obtained a position as clerk in a gen- 
eral store in Perrysville, at a salary of forty 
dollars per month. When three years had 
passed he found himself in possession of 
aljout four hundred dollars for he had made 
a nile ahva\-s to save something from his 
earnings. With this capital he determined 
to marry and establish a home of his own 



200 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



and was j(_;ine(l in wedlock to ]\Iiss Mary 
Hicks, a native of Perrysviile and a rei)re- 
sentative of an old New England family. 

In 1844 Mr. English entered the mer- 
cantile field on liis own account as a partner 
of !iis father-in-law. George Hicks, under 
the firm style of Hicks & English. The new 
enterprise met with success from the he- 
ginning. They stocked their store with dry 
goods, groceries, produce and grain ; they 
earnestly desired to please their customers 
and moreover they followed honorahle busi- 
ness methods, which would bear the closest 
investigation and win for them the confi- 
dence and therefore the patronage of the 
public. Business methods were then some- 
what different from those of the present day. 
Merchandise was purchased and sold on a 
credit of tweK'e months and the products of 
the central Mississippi valley were trans- 
ported to market in New Orleans by way of 
the river route, for the era of railroad trans- 
portation had not then dawned upon the 
country. The marketable products of In- 
diana and Illinois were sent down the Ohio 
and Mississippi rivers and it was thus that 
the firm of Hicks & English shipped their 
wheat, corn, pork and other commodities to 
New Orleans on llatboats, the subject of this 
review frequently acting as an oarsman on 
such journeys. 

The year 1853 witnessed the arrival of 
Mr. English in Danville. He sold his store 
in Perrysviile, Indiana, and coming to this 
city became a partner of John L. Tincher, 
imder the firm name of Tincher & English. 
Their general store also proved a profitable 
investment, being successfully conducted 
until 1856, when the firm became the as- 
signees of the Stock Security Bank, a "wild 
cat" institution, which was forced into bank- 
ruptcy in the early days of the widespread 



panic of 1856-7. At that lime Messrs. 
Tincher & English disjjosed of their mercan- 
tile affairs in order to give their entire atten- 
tion to the duties which de\'ol\ed upon the 
firm in connection with the bank. While 
thus engaged they gradually began trans- 
acting a brokerage and exchange business, 
which grew until it had eventually become a 
private banking enterprise. In b'ebruary, 
1863, the national bank bill passed congress 
and these gentlemen were among the first to 
seek a charter and t)rgani2e a national bank. 
They established the I'irst National Bank of 
Danville, which was capitalized for fifty 
thousand dollars, and Mr. English became 
the ])resident. coiuinually filling that posi- 
tion until July, 1899, when he resigned. In 
187 J, after the death of Mr. Tincher. the 
ca])ital stock \\;is increased to one hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars, where it still re- 
mains, with a surplus of over one hundred 
and fifty thousantl dollars. The success of 
this institution was assured from the first, 
because of the reliability of the men at its 
head, their sound judgment and conserva- 
ti\c business methods. Banking institutions 
arc the heart of the commercial body, in- 
dicating the hcalihfulness of the trade, and 
the bank that follows a safe conservati\'e 
])olicy does more to establish public confi- 
dence in times of widespread financial de- 
pression than anything else. Such a course 
has the I'irst National Bank of Danville ever 
followed under the able management of him 
who was so long its president. It has stood 
strong in hours of danger, its integrity un- 
questi(M:ed and its course above suspicion. 
Mr. English is a man of resourceful 
business abilitv, who is not only able to 
realize the opjiortuuities of the luoment but 
has also looked beyond the exigencies of 
the i)resent to the possibilities of the future. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



20I 



His labors have been extended into other 
fields of business activity outside that of 
banking. He has been one of the heaviest 
real estate dealers in this section. He has 
invested largely in farm pniperty and has 
also platted several additions to the city of 
Dan\-ille, Business enterprise augmenting 
the commercial acti\ity and consequent 
prosperity of the city also owe their success- 
ful conduct largely to his wise council. For 
a quarter of a century he has been a membeer 
of the board of directors of the Chicago & 
Eastern Illinois Railroad and an enumera- 
tion of the business affairs with which he 
has been associated would be to give in a 
considerable degree the industrial and com- 
mercial history of his adopted city. 

After a happy married life of twenty 
years Mr. English was called upon to mourn 
the death of his wife in 1864. They had lie- 
come the parents of seven children : George ; 
Charles L., who is now the president of the 
First National Bank of Danville; Harriet, 
who became the wife of William D. Lind- 
sey, who died in July, 1893 ; Irene J., now 
the wife of George W. Partlow, of Danville; 
John T. ; Annie Martha, the deceased wife 
of Talx)r Mathers of Jacksonville; and Ed- 
ward. In 1865 Mr. English was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Maria L. 
Partlow, with whom he lived for twenty- 
one years, when she died in August, 18S6. 
Their children were J. C. ; and Otis Hardy, 
who died in infancy. On the 14th of June. 
1899, Mr. English was united in marriage 
to Mrs. Mary E. Forbes, a native of Dan- 
ville and a daughter of William Hessey, who 
was an early settler of this county. 

While Mr. English has led a very busy 
life and his commercial and financial affairs 
have made constant demands upon his time 
and attention, he has yet found opportunity 



to faithfully discharge his duties of citizen- 
ship and by his felow townsmen he has twice 
been called to the oflice of chief executive of 
Danville. He proved a most capable mayor, 
his :;dministration being practical and pro- 
gressi\-e. In 1872 he became a member of 
the first board of equalization of this state. 
Fie has always taken a deep interest in po- 
litical affairs, yet has never sought or desired 
political office. On attaining his majority 
he joined the ranks of the Democratic party, 
with which he afiiliated until 1862, when the 
Democratic state convention inserted the 
"peace" plank in its platform and he then 
renounced his allegiance thereto for he be- 
lie\-e(l in the active prosecution of the war 
which was to preserve the Union. He then 
joined the ranks of the Republican party and 
throughout the period of the Rebellion was 
a strong supporter of the Union and an ad- 
vocate of the national administration. In 
1863 he had charge of the suljscription list 
for filling the quota of men for the army 
from Danville and county. 

I'^or forty-six years ^Ir. English has been 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
cijntributing lil)erallv to its support and tak- 
ing an acti\'e part in its work in its various 
departments. He is now serving as a member 
of the board of trustees and for fifteen years 
Ire occupietl the position of superintendent 
of the Sunday-school. In 1872 he was elect- 
ed !)v the lay delegates of the Illinois con- 
ference as a delegate to the general confer- 
ence of the church, which was held in Brook- 
lyn in that year and has served once since 
that time in a similar capacity. For many 
years he was a trustee of the Wesleyan Uni- 
versity of Bloomington. His success has 
come to him through energy, labor and per- 
se\-erance, directed by an evenly balanced 
mind and by honorable business princijiles. 



202 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



From early life he made it his plan to spend 
less than his income. He has made the most 
of his opportunities and could never justly 
be called extravagant unless it was in the 
line of his benevolences. He is not slow to 
condemn injustice and dishonesty nor is he 
slow to reward faithfulness and there is in 
him a deep sympathy and abiding charity 
w^hich has won for him the respect and 
goodwill of his fellow men. He is a man of 
distinctive ability and his character is one 
which is above a shadow of reproach. He 
has been faithful to the high business and 
political offices in which he has been called 
to serve and is widely known and respected 
by those who have been at all familiar with 
his honorable and useful career. 



JOHN C. STEWART, 



D. V. S. 



Dr. John C. Stewart, wh<^ is success- 
fully engaged in the practice of veterinary 
surgery in Danville, was born in Ayrshire, 
Scotland. August 22, 1849, a son of Ouin- 
tin and Margaret (McCrindle) Stewart, 
who were also natives of Ayrshire. The 
father was a highly educated raan. being 
a graduate of the Glasgow University, and 
for some years he was principal of the high 
school at Ochiltree, Scotland, where he died 
in 1898, at the age of eighty-three years, 
honored and respected liy all who knew him. 
The mother of our subject had passed awa>- 
some years previous. They were the par- 
ents of eight children, all of whom arc still 
living in Scotland with tlie exception of our 
subjecc. 

Dr. Stewart grew to manhood in his 
native land and acquired his education in 
the school of which his father had charge. 



and he began his business career as an em- 
ploye in the office of the National Bank of 
Scotland. On leaving home he went tu the 
West Indies with his brother-in-law, John 
Wilson, but in 1873 returned to Scotland 
and in the fall of that year came to Ameri- 
ca. After spending about four years in 
Virginia he went to Indiana, in 1877, and 
became interested in the importation of fine 
horses from Scotland. In 1880 he was ; 
student in the \'etcrinary College of On- 
tario, Canada, and was later engaged in the 
practice of veterinary surgery in Indiana. 
Dr. Stewart removed to Danville, Illinois, 
in the summer of 1886, and here he has 
since made his home with the exception of 
two years spent in Chicago, having been 
appointed by President Harrison as veter- 
inary inspector in the stockyards of that 
city, which position he held for that length 
of time. On his return to Danville he re- 
sumed the practice of his profession and to- 
day has a splendid practice which extends 
far into the country for many miles in every 
direction. 

At Danville. November 11, 1896. Dr. 
Stewart married Miss Ethel Welch. The 
Doctor and his wife have a handsome hom< 
at No. 1 28 North Walnut street and he 
also owns other real estate in Danville, in- 
cluding his office and hospital at No. 17 
the same street. He has met with excellent 
success in the practice of his chosen profes- 
sion and is now serving as assistant state 
veterinary. Socially he is an honored mem- 
ber of Olive Branch Lodge. F. & A. ]\I. ; 
Hesperian Lodge, K. P., of Franklin. In- 
diana; the Order of Ben llnr and the Royal 
Arcanum. He attends the Presbyterian 
church, of which he was a member in the 
old country, and is a stanch supporter of the 
Republican jiarty and its principles. He 




U. R. EADER. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



203 



stands deservedly higli in the esteem of 
his fellow citizens and commands the confi- 
dence and regard of all with whom he 
comes in contact. 



ROY L. MURPHY. 



Roy L. Murphy, the editor and pro- 
prietor of the Fairmount Review, was horn 
at Mahomet. Illinois, July 7, 1870, his par- 
ents being David A. and Asenath Murphy. 
The father was a fanner by occupation and 
was a well known citizen of Champaign 
county. The subject of this re\'iew pur- 
sued his education in the public schools of 
Mahomet, where he was graduated in the 
class of 1896, after which he attended busi- 
ness college at Bloomington. Illinois, for 
two years. In his early youth he entered 
the printing office of his brother, C. W. Mur- 
phy, and finding the profession congenial 
he has since followed it. On the 15th of 
May, 1894, he became an employe in the 
office of the Sucker State Printing Com- 
pany at Mahomet and there learned the 
trade, working until the ist of October. 

1897, with the exception of the periods 
which he spent in school. Later he was 
employed on different papers in Champaign 
and afterward in the same capacity in other 
cities in the state. On the ist of September, 

1898, however, he embarked in a journal- 
isic venture on his own account, purchasing 
the Courier at Ogden, Illinois. He was the 
youngest editor in this part of the state 
at that time, being but nineteen years of 
age. He remained in charge of the Courier 
until the ist of February, 1899, after which 
he was employed in various printing offices 
until the ist of December, following, when 
he purchased the Review at Fairmount, 



where he has since been located. In the 
publication of this paper he has met with 
success, the circulation having increased as 
well as the advertising and job printing 
patronage. The enterprise is now proving 
a profitable one and Mr. Murphy has a well 
equipped office, from which he weekly is- 
sues a paper that is a credit to the town and 
to its owner. In his political affiliations he 
is a Republican and through the columns 
of his journal he advocates the cause of the 
party. 

On the 14th of November, 1899, at Sid- 
ney, Illinois, Mr. Murphy was united in 
marriage to Miss Maude Ethel McNichols, 
a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. W. McNich- 
ols, old and respected citizens of Tolono, 
Illinois, where the former is engaged in the 
drug and grocery business. They now have 
an interesting daughter, Lois Mae, bom 
December 31, 1900. Socially Mr. Murphy 
is connected with the Modern Woodmen of 
America at Fairmount and with the Ameri- 
can Home Circle. 



U. R. EADER. 



\J. R. Fader is a prosperous resident of 
Danville, whose success has practically been 
won since 1894 although the previous years 
of his connection with business affairs 
proved an excellent training school for him, 
enabling him to carry forward to successful 
completion all that he has undertaken since 
he began business on his own account. He 
is now in control of one of the successful 
and important concerns of Danville, being 
engaged in the repair and manufacture of 
bicycles and dealing in guns and sporting 
goods and electrical and gas fixtures, also 
doing work along the lines of electrical con- 
struction. 



204 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Mr. Eader is one of the Wdiiliy citizens 
of Vermilion county that Oliio has fur- 
nished to this locahty. His Ijirth occurred 
in Lima, that state, on the 14th of Jnne, 
1856. his parents being Thomas and Ellen 
(Coons) Eader. both of whi.ini were na- 
tives of Ohio. In the year i860 the family 
came to Illinois. Tlie father purchased land 
in Vermilion county upon which he carried 
on gcnerrd farming until 1871. In that year 
he came to Danville, purchased property 
and was here connected with tlie Danvilk 
Lumber Company for about ten years. He 
then sold his propertv and removetl to No- 
blesville. Indiana, where he purchased prop- 
erty and where he is now engaged in dealing 
in real estate and merchandising. He is 
al.so connected with the furniture and gen- 
eral store at that ])lace and is in partnership 
with his son, David F. Eader, in a similar 
enterprise at Noblesx'illc. Indiana. The 
mother of our subject died at Noblesville, 
Indiana, in 1896, and in 1901 the father 
was again married, i'.y the first union there 
were ten children, of whom the subject of 
this review is tlic eldest. The others yet 
living arc: I). P.: Samuel: Frederick; 
Mrs. Mary Shnmaker: ^Irs. Mirancla 
Mead: .Mrs. Rosa Hanners: and Sar.ah. 

In the schools of Vermilion countv ^Ir. 
Eader of this review pursued his education 
and from the age of eight years he has been 
dependent entirely upon his own resources 
for a living. He worked as a farm hand 
for his father and also for others in the 
neighborhood Init not wishing to make 
agricultural pursuits his life work he even- 
tually turned his attention to other lines 
of industry. In 1871 he became connectefl 
with the Danville Lumber Company and 
learned the machinist's trade. For eighteen 
years his connection with that company 



was continued, during which time he was 
advanced from one position to another as 
he gave evidence of having mastered the 
duties that devolved upon him, and he long 
served as foreman and manager. When 
he entered tiie ser\ice of that company he 
received ninety dollars per year and during 
the eighteen years which he served as fore- 
man he was i)aid four dollars and seventy- 
five cents per day, a fact which stands in 
incontrovertible e\idence of his value to 
the compan}'. In 1895, however, he sev- 
ered his connection with the com])an\- and 
entered lousiness on his own account. He 
at first handled l)icycles onlv and later he 
added sporting goods and estaljlished a re- 
pair department. At the present time the 
wheels which he handles are manufactured 
in his establishment. These arc called "Our 
Own Make" and there are four models. 
The oiUput in 1903 will reacli one thousand 
wheels. He is now employing lu'neteen 
men in the conduct of the liusiness, which 
IS divided into four de])artnients : re]iairing 
and manufacturing, the s])orting goods, the 
gun department and the electrical and gas 
department. He employs an experienced 
electrician and is engaged in electrical con- 
struction and deals in electrical suj^iplies. 
This branch of his business has proved one 
contributing in no small degree to his in- 
come. In fact his enterprise in all its de- 
partments is now paying well and the busi- 
ness amounts to more than twenty-five 
thousand dollars annuallv. Mr. Eader is 
also interested in gold mining in Washing- 
ton, being a stockholder in three mines, in- 
cluding the "Fortune," in which several 
prominent Dan\ille capitalists arc inter- 
ested. 

On the 20th of .Se]itcmber, 1883. in this 
city, Mr. Eader was united in marriage to 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



205 



Miss Lavinia Tanner, of Champaign, Illi- 
nois. Her parents are both deceased. Two 
children ha\e lieen born of this union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Eader : Makel and Horace, 
aged respectively seventeen and nine years. 
The former will graduate in the high school 
of this city in 1903 and is now pvn-suing 
special work in music and elocution. The 
family home is at Xo. 1002 North Walnut 
street and is an attracti\-e residence valued 
at six thousand dollars. Socially Mr. liader 
is connected \\-ith the Modern Woodmen 
of America, with the Tribe of Ben Hur 
and the Court of Honor, and in his pnlitical 
affiliations is a Republican. His splendid 
success in business has been achieved since 
1894. When he first opened his bicycle 
business he had no capital, Init he iiossessed 
an untarnished name and good credit. The 
growth of his business demanded larger 
quarters in the second year and has since 
annually increased in viilume and import- 
ance. A man of much natural aljility his 
success during the past nine years has heev 
uniform and rapid. As has l^een truly re- 
marked, after all that can he done for a 
man in the way of giving him early oppor- 
tunities for obtaining the requirements 
which are sought in schools and in book? 
he luust essentially formulate, determine 
and give shape to his own character and 
this is what Mr. Eader has done. He has 
persevered in the pursuit of a persistent 
purpose and has gained a most satisfactory 

reward. 

* « » 

ORIN L. McCORD. 

Orin L. McCord, who is well known as 
a representative of mercantile affairs in 
Danville, is now filling the position of coun- 



ty treasurer and is a worthy custodian of the 
public funds. With business dispatch he 
discharges the duties of the position and 
his integrity and honor are above question. 

Mr. McCord is a native son of Illinois, 
his birth having occurred in Putnam coun- 
ty, on the 6th of April, 1863, He is a son 
of Ninon A. and Susan (Child) ^NlcCord. 
The father died at the age of fifty-eight 
years, but the mother still sur\-i\'es and is 
now living at East Lynn, Vermilion county. 
Ninon A. McCord was a native of Bond 
county, Illinois, and in 1875 removed to 
this county, settling in Butler town.ship, 
where he followed farming throughout his 
remaining days, being recognized as one 
of the progressi\-e agriculturists of his com- 
munity. Unto him and his wife were bi.irn 
five children, all of whom are yet li\-ing in 
Vermilion county. These are: Orin L., 
Wilmot J., Warren C, Charles C. and 
Frank P. 

In taking up the personal history of 
Orin L. McCord we present to our readers 
the life record of one who is widely known 
in Vermilion county for he was brought 
here by his parents when only twel\-c years 
of age. He pursued his education in the 
public schools of East Lynn and during the 
months of summer, when school was not 
in session, he became familiar with the work 
of field and meadow, assisting in the labors 
of the home farm until he had attained 
his majority. He then entered upon his 
business career and not desiring to follow 
the pursuit to which he had been reared, 
he sought and obtained a clerkship in the 
employ of B. M. Ludden & Company of 
East Lynn, remaining in that employ from 
1874 until 1878. In the latter year he re- 
moved to Georgetown, Vermilion countv, 
where he liegan business on his own account 



2o6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



as proprietor of a grocery and restaurant, 
wliicli he conducted for three years. At tliat 
time Mr. McCord came to Danville and was 
employed as a salesman in the clothing 
house of Mike Plant & Company, with 
whom he remained continuously until 1902. 
His long connection with the house plainly 
indicates his fidelity to duty, his close ap- 
plication and his unfaltering honesty in 
Inisiness matters. On the Stii of February, 
1902, he received the nomination for the 
office of treasurer of Vermilion county, be- 
ing given a majority of thirteen hundred 
and se\enty-seven, which was the largest 
ever bestowed upon a Republican candidate 
for the office of treasurer of \^ermilion 
county. 

On the 15th of December, 1888, Mr. 
McCord was united in marriage to Miss 
Ella M. Barnes of Hoopeston, Illinois, and 
their union has been blessed with three 
interesting children, namely: Stella L., 
Edwin .\. and Clarence .\. The name of 
Mr. ]\IcCord is on the membership rolls of 
Damascas Lodge. K. P. ; the Odd Fellows 
Lodge No. 69; Northcott Camp, M. W. 
A.: and of the Royal Neighbors, and of all 
of these he is a valued representative, be- 
cause of liis pleasing personal character- 
istics, his strict adherence to the teachings 
and principles of the orders. Both he and 
his wife are members of the Rebecca de- 
gree of Odd I'ellowship and of the Court 
of Honor, and he was formerly president of 
the retail clerks' union. He is now inter- 
ested in the lireeding of thoroughbred poul- 
try, making a specialty of Bufif Cochins, 
and is an expert judge of poultry, being at 
the present time secretary of the Illinois 
State Poultry Association, His life has 
been one of continuous activity, in which 
has been accorded due recognition of labor; 



and to-day he is numl)ered among the sub- 
stantial citizens of his county. His inter- 
ests are thoroughl}' identified with those of 
the west, and at all times he is reach- 
to lend his aid and co-operation to any 
movement calculated to benefit this section 
of the country or advance its wonderful 
development. 



J. STEELE CATHERWOOD. 

James Steele Catherwood, a well known 
broker and real estate dealer of Hoopeston, 
was born in Belmont county, Ohio, April 
12, 1845, a son of James and Lydia (Tus- 
sey) Catherwood. The father was a native 
of Ireland and the mother of the state of 
Delaware. During his boyhood days the 
former came to the L'nited States and here 
learned the trade of a weaver. Later he and 
his wife's brother operated a cotton factory. 
In his early married days he removed from 
the east to Belmont county, Ohio, where 
he .engaged in merchandising, while later he 
turned his attention to farming. His death 
(Kcurred in Guernsey couny, Ohio, in 1854, 
when the subject of this review was only nine 
years old and in 1857 his widow removed 
to Shelby county and afterward to Christian 
county, Illinois, where she died at the very 
adxanced age of ninety-four years. She was 
the mother of ten children, of whom J. S. 
was the youngest son, but he had a younger 
sister. 

^Ir. Catherwood of this review acqtiired 
his education in the schools of Ohio and of 
Christian county, Illinois. His early oppor- 
tunities in that direction, however, were 
limited and his knowledge has largely been 
obtained since he reached his majorit)-. In 
April, 1864, Mr. Catherwood enlisted for 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL :rECORD 



207 



service in the Union army as a member of 
Company E, One Hundred and Forty-fifth 
Illinois Infantry, with wliich he served for 
six months, spending most of that time in 
Missouri in guarding commissaries. After 
his return he worked upon a farm for two 
years and in the winter of 1866 he again 
attended school. He then went to Decatur, 
Illinois, and continued his studies in the 
vicinity of that city. Subsequently he be- 
came a student in the Concordsville Acad- 
emv at Concords\'ille, Pennsylvania, where 
he remained for a year. He next entered 
the general store of his brother in Old Ston- 
ington. Christian county, Illinois, where he 
received his first business training, but as 
there were indications of failing health he 
went to Saline county, Kansas, which was 
then considered the "far west." This was 
in 1869 and for five years he remained upon 
the plains herding cattle. He owned a ranch 
and herd of his own and for two years he 
was located in Saline countv. for one year 
in McPherson county and for two years in 
Ellsworth county, meeting with a fair de- 
gree of success until the country became in- 
volved in the financial panic of 1873-4. 

Mr. Catherwood then returned to In- 
dianapolis, Indiana, and entered the employ 
of his brother as a traveling salesman. He 
covered the territories of Illinois, Indiana 
and Ohio and for three years was upon the 
road. On the expiration of that period he 
began merchandising on his own account at 
Fairfield, a little country crossroad town, 
being associated with L. L. Bennett under the 
firm name of L. L. Bennett & Company. 
Thev carried groceries, drugs, boots and 
shoes and dry goods. 

It was in that year, on the 27tli of De- 
cember, 1877, that Mr. Catherwood was 
united in marriac-e to ]\Iiss Marv Hart well, 



who later became distinguished as an au- 
thoress of marked ability. She is repre- 
sented on another page of this work. The 
marriage took place at the home of his 
brother, A. T. Catherwood, west of Hoopes- 
ton. For a time our subject and iiis bride 
lived in some rooms above his store, spend- 
ing about two years there. Mr. Catherwood 
then sold out to his partner and went to In- 
dianapolis, where he was engaged in the gro- 
cery business until October, 1882. He then 
again sold out and came to Hoopeston. 
Here he entered the employ of his brother, 
A. T. Catherwood, as a bookkeeper, a rela- 
tion that was maintained until April, 1885, 
when James Steele Catherwood was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Hoopeston by Grover 
Cleveland, succeeding Dale Wallace, who is 
now his partner. ]\Ir. Catherwood occupied 
that position until July, 1889, when he was 
succeeded by Charles W. W^arner. While 
acting as postmaster he formed a partnership 
with Charles A. Allen in the loan, insurance 
and collecting business and tog'ether they 
continued operations until May, 1890, cov- 
ering a period of four years. When this 
partnership was dissolved Mr. Catherwood 
entered into partnership relations with Dale 
^^^allace and they have since been thus con- 
nected. The firm does a general insurance, 
loan and land brokerage business. They 
have disposed of a number of additions to 
Hoopeston and have done the leading real 
estate business of the town for the past 
twelve years. To-day their real estate in 
this city is valuable. In February, 1888, the 
North Vermilion Loan & Savings Associa- 
tion was formed and Mr. Catherwood was 
chosen its secretary, in which position he has 
served continuously since, covering a period 
of fi.fteen consecuti\e years. He and his wife 
owned a farm of four hundred acres in Iro- 



208 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



quois county and one liiindred and sixty 
acres of land in (irant tnwiisliip. X'evniilinn 
county. 

Unto yir. and Mr.s. Catherwood were 
bom two children, a son, who died in in- 
fancy, and Hazel, who is now an art student 
in Chicago. Mrs. Catherwood died Decem- 
ber 26. 1902, and was laid to rest in Moral 
Hill cemetery. Vov twenty-one years James 
Steele Catherwood has been a resident of 
Hoojieston and gradually be has advanced 
to a prominent position in business circles. 



]\IRS. M.\RV 



llARTWELL CATHER- 
WOOD. 



Beauty is nature's language. It tinds ex- 
pression in earth and sky. in the tcjwering 
mountain, the 1)oundless prairies, the ever- 
changing sea or the tiny flower which grows 
in crannied wall, and above all in the char- 
acter de\'clopment ni man, when the soul 
s]jeaks through its environment in an ex- 
pression of eternal ])rincip!es. Well may 
art be accorded the highest place among the 
works of man when it reproduces in any 
form this language of nature, whether ui)on 
the canvas, in ihe marble or through the pen 
pictures which perhaps more clearly than 
any other art forms perpetuate the good and 
the beautiful. The world's debt of gratitude 
can never be ]5aid to those great souls who 
in story and song have presented with great 
clearness the beauty of life in its personifi- 
cation of our highest ideals, giving us an in- 
spiration for good which is as the "echoes 
tlKit roll from smi! u> soul, and grow for- 
ever and forever." .\ brave-hearted girl, 
whose beauty and purity of soul blossomed 
into the highest type of womanhood, Mary 
Hartwell Catherwood left {n tlic wiirld a 



rich legacy in her literary productions and 
Hoopeston, wiiich for some years claimed 
her as a resident, will ever honor and vher- 
ish her memory. She was born in Luray, 
Ohio, December 16, 1847, '^^'^ in 1856 ac- 
companied her parents to Alilford, Illinois. 
Perhaps her life story has been best told in 
the words of Dale Wallace, who read the 
following sketch at a ban(|uet of the Mary 
Hartwell Catherwood Clul) of Hoopeston, 
on which occasion Airs. Catherwood was 
present. He said : 

"Dr. Hartwell was an ambitious young 
man. He was of Scotch-Irish ancestry and 
possessed the fine intellect and hartly phys- 
ique of the rugged pioneers of the west. 
Married quite young, e\en before he fin- 
ished his course in c(jllege, he and his still 
younger wife and the baliies migrated from 
the red hills of Ohio to the black loam of Illi- 
nois, locating in the old village of Mil ford 
and living in the little brick house about a 
block north of the old mill. Here he prac- 
ticed his profession and gave the children the 
benefits of the limited school facilities then 
in vogue. There was much malaria and 
fevers unlimited in those early days and the 
yt lung doctor was overworked. Then he was 
himself stricken with the prevailing mal- 
ady, and after a brave struggle, passed be- 
yiind. During the year following, the 
youngest child of the family — Marcus — 
was bom. I'ut the mother, so wholly de- 
])cndent upun the strong arm and directing 
intellect of her husband, seeing nothing 
ahead but discouragement and possible des- 
titution, grieved herself into the grave a 
year later, leaving three helpless bairns de- 
uendent upon the generosity of friends. 

"Poverty develops genius. Wealth be- 
gets indolence. Show me the child born 
with a sih'er spoon in the mouth and I will 
shiiw vou a creature of ease, and laxiiv and 








'""'^^^^ Q^^^T^^^::^ 



^ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



211 



languor. There are ie\y exceptions to this 
rule. Ambition is deadened and energy- is 
not required. If Hilary Hartwell's father 
had left her in an independent financial con- 
dition, the world might have been deprived 
of her splendid genius. 

"At ten she was given a home and taken 
in charge by her grandfather Thompson at 
New Hebron, Ohio, and placed in the vil- 
lage schools. At f(jurteen she was teach- 
ing, being thrown upon her own resources 
to obtain proper clothing and to prepare the 
way for entrance into the female college at 
Granville, Ohio, where she completed a four 
}'ears" course in three years. She retired 
from that institution eiglit hundred dollars 
in debt. Her uncle. Cyrus Hartwell, hear- 
ing of this,' agreed that if she would pay the 
deljt in four years by her own efforts, he 
would make her a present of five hundred 
dollars. She did it — so did he. 

"While still a little girl in pinafores and 
pigtails down her back, she contributed 
poems to the local papers of New Hebron. 
She loved the wild and weird in nature and 
often roamed in the woods alone to dream. 
Like Joan d" Arc, she would hear \-oices and 
songs and rippling laughter and the \erses 
would come to her without elTort. An eld- 
erly gentleman of rare perception, remarked 
that while her poems were very beautiful, 
her field lay in prose story telling, and ad- 
^•ise(l her to try it. Then she began 'seeing 
things' as Riley says. The ambitious im- 
planted in her being by the elder Hartwell 
took entire possession of her and the future 
unrolled before her. She foreshadowed her 
destiny. She believed her career had been 
unveiled. If \-igor anil \-im, tireless energy, 
unceasing perseverance, economy and pri- 
vations would enaljle her to win. the in- 
domitable determination had her within its 
grasp, and she started on the voyage de- 



termined to never cease until she had reached 
the goal. Did she win, my friends? Did 
the little homeless orphan, who mastered a 
four years" course in college in three years 
by working nights, Saturdays and holidays 
— did she win? I say to you that Mary 
Hartwell Catherwood's name will be em- 
blazoned in glittering gold on the scroll of 
fame long after you and I are dead and for- 
gotten. 

"She wrote a short serial for Frank Les- 
lie — 'The Mill-Scott ^Million', and received 
her first check. Oh, the joy of that first 
check ! The happiness wrapped up in that 
first commercial recognition of her brain 
work was far and away beyond the size of 
the check. The new ribbon it would buy, 
and gowns, and brooches, and the manv lit- 
tle gim-cracks and furbelows that girls love 
to wear. She was saved. The die was cast. 
She journeyed out into the woods to hold 
sweet communion with her very own self, 
and to tell the good news to the birds, the 
trees, and the flowers and to the voices in the 
air, and the spirits of her departed parents. 
And she dreamed of the dav when ]\lary 
Hartwell would have a whole library of 
books all of her own composition. \Vasn"t 
that a ray of sunshine through the rift in 
the clouds that had hovered over her from 
the day of her mother's death? Then she 
began contributing to the lesser magazines 
— I.ippincott, Wide Awake, Golden Hours, 
Wood's Household, Youth's Companion — 
all short stories. _ The W^ide .\wake Com- 
]3any published four of her jux'eniles- that 
met with immediate popidarity and have 
since become classics. Then she was re- 
quested to contribute to a magazine called 
'Outing'. She demanded a deposit of 
twenty-five dollars in ad\-ance. which was 
cheerfully complied with. She forwarded 
the story and in due course it was returned. 



212 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



scratclied, interlined and oi)literated, witli a 
request to make some alterations. The de- 
mand was unjust and she knew it. liut her 
carefully prepared manuscript was practi- 
cally ruined. She refused to comply with 
their demand and also retained the retainer, 
wliich was entirely satisfactorj- to the pub- 
lishers. Some time later they requested her 
to submit them another, and this one, prov- 
ing exactly, in harmony with their ideas 
thev accepted and remitted promptly, but de- 
ducted the twenty-five dollars which they 
had advanced on the other article. Then 
there was an earthcjuake. But it was not 
destructive. 

"As Mrs. Catherwood is present this 
evening I feel perfectly safe in announcing 
that she was born in 18 — 47. Thirty years 
later she was married in the house on the 
Perkins farm, northwest of this city. Then 
a few A-ears later came her baby boy, who 
remained t() bless the unimi Imt a moment, 
then passed on to the higher life. It was 
during this period of .sorrow following that 
she conceived 'The Romance of Dollard,' in 
the preparation of which she lived for a time 
in Canada, and was about three years in gel- 
ting it readv for the publishers. I doubt if 
there is a person in this audience who knows 
that the publishers to whom she first sub- 
mitted that beautiful historical romance de- 
clined it, luit such is the fact. Harpers re- 
turned it. It was then for the first time that 
Mrs. Catherwood faltered by the wayside. 
Her heart was cracking and breaking up into 
bits, and she was thoroughly discouraged. 
And it was here that her husband came in 
with one of his beautiful songs: 'Never 
Give Up the Shi]), Mary.' and said 'Go down 
to New York and beard the lion in his den," 
and in a few days she was in the office of the 
Century, proud, indei)endent and defiant, but 
quaking inwardly. She submitted the work 



to Mr. Gilder, the editor, who inquired as 
to the nature of it. 'It is a serial — an his- 
torical romance.' 'M}' dear madam,' ex- 
clamied the kind old man, 'don't you know 
that we can't use that class of work here in 
New '^'ork?' She arose, and there was the 
siuell of burning tow somewhere about the 
premises. 'Mr. Gilder, will you do me the 
lavor of reading that manuscript?' 'I will 
send, it out to our regular reader and wdien 
it is returned then 1 will read it. But there 
is just as nuich chance of your being struck 
by lightning as there is of our acceptance of 
your work and publication as you desire it. 
.\s it will be several days before we can give 
\du a reply, you need not be to the trouble 
an<l expense of remaining in New York. 
Leave me your address and I will write you.' 

"Richard Watson Gilder had been up 
against propositions of various kinds in his 
long experience in the publishing business, 
but he did not know ^Irs. Catherwood. 

■' 'I will remain in New York, IMr. Gilder, 
until you accept or reject that work.' 

".\ few days later Mr. Gilder notified 
Mrs. Catherwood that lightning had 
struck, to call at the office and get her check. 

"Hiat publication elevated her into a 
cons])icuous position among the literary peo- 
ple of the United States, and the demand 
upon her pen from all the leading publish- 
ing houses was so great .she was unable to 
onl\- ]):irtially meet it. She was called the 
Parkman of the west and as Francis Park- 
n^'an was the most famous historical writer 
and romancer of the past generation, no 
greater compliment could have been be- 
stowed upon her. She received a personal 
letter of congratulation from that eminent 



man, cmup 



liinentinsr her accuracv of detail 



and Correctness of data, and expressing a 
wish to make her acquaintance. 'It is so 
rare' he remarked, 'in our latter dav his- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



213 



torical romances to find the historical facts 
so accurately portrayed". This was one of 
Mrs. Catherwood's most conspicuous char- 
acteristics. Her descriptions are perfect 
and from nature. Her facts are derived 
from personal observation and contact. Her 
characters, with few exceptions, are real. 
We all love history and when we can have it 
interspersed with facinating romance we 
love it all the more. She loved to visit the 
ruins of the forgotten past and live over 
again in her imagination the tragedies and 
comedies enacted there. If there was an old 
hermit to be found in the vicinity — Indian, 
Frenchman, Englishman or American — she 
would spend hours with him, pulling his- 
torical chestnuts out of the coals with the 
tongs of his retentive memory. And thus 
she broadened into the field which she has 
occupied for two decades without a success- 
ful rival. 

"Seventeen years ago this night, Mrs. 
President, the subject of this sketch was 
blessed by the arrival of a daughter, and 
Hazel has indeed proven a blessed comfort 
to her mother. We are celebrating the an- 
niversary of that happy event. Cheerful- 
ness, ambition, energy, determination, all 
came rushing back to her upon the advent of 
the little sunbeam. And tlien followed in 
due course some of the most remarkable pro- 
ductions of historical remance in the whole 
scope and range of American literature. 

"Did you know that ]\Irs. Catherwood 
in her earlier career contributed columns and 
columns of stories to various publications 
under a nom de plume? Do any of you re- 
member reading short fiction sketches writ- 
ten by one 'Lewtrah?' the name Hartwell 
spelled backward? Did you ever read the 
novel 'A Woman in Armor?' ^Irs. Cather- 
wood is not at all proud of that work. But 
from Tontv to Lazarre, the record is with- 



out a blemish. Lazarre is the last and great- 
est and brightest of the whole galaxy. It is 
the climax of her career. She may write an- 
other as good, but none better. 

"Those of us who knew her best will re- 
member her not only for her literary attain- 
ments, but also for her home accomplish- 
ments. As a wife, as a mother, as a neigh- 
bor, she was an exemplary character. There 
was no envy there, no jealousies, no bick- 
erings. Because of her great renown as a 
gifted author, we feel honored to have been 
classed among her intimate friends. And 
our babies a few years ago, who were her 
■Rosebuds' in the Sunday-school will some 
day be proud of that distinction. 

"It reciuired a struggle for Mary Hart- 
well Catherwood to give up her home and 
sever the friendly ties of this city. She was 
married here, her children were bom here, 
and her little boy sleeps in Floral Hill. She 
loved the people, she loved the town, she 
loved the country. But she in early life 
mapped out her career, and she felt that she 
had not vet reached the zenith, and could not 
with the limited resources at her demand. 
So she resol\-ed, very reluctantly, to leave 
us for a time and climb the heights of fame. 
She is almost at the top, and when she 
reaches the summit she will come back to us 
and when she conies we will all extend to 
her the glad hand and cordial greeting of 
true friends. 



"In all my wanderings around this world of care, 
In all my griefs — and God has given my share — 
I still have hopes my latest hours to crown, 
Amidst these humble bow'rs to lay me down ; 
To husband out lifes taper at the close. 
And keep the flame from wasting, by repose. 
I still have hopes, for pride attends us still. 
Amidst the friends to show my book-karn'd skill ; 
Around my fire an evening group to draw. 
And tell of all I felt, and all I saw ; 
And, as a hare, whom hound and horns pursue. 
Pants to the place from whence at first she flew, 
I still have hopes, my long vexations past,^ 
Here to return — and died at home at last." 



214 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Tlie little maiden reared in a liack- 
woixls district had attained natidual fame, 
hnt more than that she hail wnn l()\-e in 
countless homes tliroughout the country. 
Her friends were among the most distin- 
guished literary people of the country, drawn 
to her hy the kindest sjjirit of genius and 
congeniality, and when she passed away in 
Chicago, December 26, 1902, the news of 
her demise was received as that of a dear 
friend l>y thousands throughout the United 
States. James W'hitcomb Riley had the 
highest appreciation for her work and said 
that her death to his mind was a distinct loss 
to the fraternity of letters. He spoke of her 
as being conspicuous for her industry, sin- 
cerity and conscience. He sent his floral 
tribute when death called her as did the 
Bowen-Merrill Publishing Company of In- 
dianapolis, Otis Skinner, who is now play- 
ing the dramatization of her Lazarre, and 
many others of note, together with countless 
friends fron: her home town. Her life work 
is ended, but Mary Hartwell Catherwood 
has joined "that choir inx'isil.ile who live 
again in lives made better by their presence." 



THOMAS I-IUGHES. 

Thomas Hughes is a well known and 
prosperous farmer residing on section 15, 
\^ance township, \'ermilion county, Illinois. 
In his life he exemplified the typical "self- 
made man," for all that he h;is ac(|uireil has 
been secured through his own industrious 
efforts. He was born in Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania. February 28, 1831, 
and is a son of John and f.ydia (Musick) 
Hughes, both natives of I'enn.sylvania, where 
they were reared and married. The father 
engaged in coal mining and followed that oc- 



cupation for twenty-fi\e years. In 1856 they 
remo\ed to Indiana, and in 1866 came to 
\'ance township. X'ermilicm county. Illinois, 
making their home with the subject of this 
review who had come to V'ermilion county 
in 1864. John Hughes was a member of the 
iMiglish Lutheran churcli and his wife was 
for many years a member of the Ger- 
man Lutheran church. He was a Democrat 
in his political views but always declined 
to accept olYice. The father died in 1871, and 
the mother, surviving him for seven years, 
passed away in 187S. In their family were 
ten cliildren, nine of whom grew to years of 
maturity and four are still living, name- 
ly: John, who is a resident of Concordia, 
Kansas ; Thomas, of this review ; Mary, the 
wife (if James A. Burk. who lives at Bement, 
Illinois, and is a brother of the wife of our 
suliject ; and Lydia, who resides in Fair- 
mount. Illinois. 

Thomas Hughes had but limited edu- 
cational privileges. He was only able to at- 
tenil school for three months, which was all 
the schooling he ever recei\ed. This was 
a subscription school, conducted in a small 
frame schoolhouse in Ramsay Grove. His 
father was not a man of means, and luwing 
a large family of children he could not pro- 
vide them with the educational ad\-antages 
he would have liked. When the subject of 
this review was only ten years of age his fa- 
ther put him out to work, where he received 
his board and clothes until he was fourteen 
\-cars of age. He then obtained emi)loyment 
as a farm li;uid at two dollars i)er month and 
board. After this his salary was increased 
to three dollars and four dollars per month 
respectively, until he was seventeen years of 
age. Ilis father considered th.'it he was 
rather extravagant in the way he sjient his 
"large salary" of four dollars per month. 
Accordingly he hired him out to a farmer 




THOMAS HUGHES. 




MRS. THOMAS HUGHES. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



219 



for thirty dollars for six months' service or 
fi\-e dollars per month, and of this the father 
received one-half. Mr. Hughes worked 
hard, doing his full share of the work, 
swinging a cradle side hy side with full 
grown men and working in the harvest field 
all day long. Later he concluded to change 
his occupation and learn a trade, becoming- 
apprenticed to a carpenter, but when work- 
ing on the tall buildings he became dizzy and 
gave up that occupation. He then worked 
with his father in the coal mines during one 
winter anil in tlie spring became apprenticed 
to a blacksmith, with whom he made a con- 
tract to work for three and one-half years, 
and in compensation for his services he was 
to receive his board and clothing and at the 
end of the time he was to receive a suit of 
clothes besides three months' schooling. He 
labored hard in this position for three years, 
often working until twelve o'clock at night, 
shoeing horses and performing other duties. 
During that time he did not receive one dol- 
lar, scarcely presentable clothing and his 
board. He then worked for three months 
for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
after which he returned to his former em- 
ployer, working for him for six months and 
recei\-ing a salary of eleven dollars per 
month. He next entered the employ of con- 
tractors who were constructing a large dam. 
He made the iron work for this and received 
eighteen dollars per month for his services. 
This was the heaviest kind of labor. 

On the nth of November. 1852, in 
\\'estmoreland county, Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Hughes was united in marriage to Miss 
Martha J. Sanders, who was born May 16, 
1837, and died March 17, 1858. She was a 
daughter of Abraham and Mary (Robin- 
son) Sanders, who were married in Penn- 
sylvania, where they spent the remainder of 



politics was a Democrat. Mrs. Hughes was 
tine of a family of eight children, four of 
whom are still li\'ing, as follows : John, 
Sallie, Charity, the wife of William Irvin, 
:\m\ Mrs. Wilson, all residents of \\'estmore- 
land county, Pennsylvania. Lnto Mr. 
Hughes and his wife were born two chil- 
dren : John, born December 27, 1853, mar- 
ried Mary Jester, February 8, 1881, and 
died in October, 1899. Plis widow is now 
living in Catlin township, \'ermilion county, 
with their only child. Pearl. James, born 
December 18, 1856, was married Novem- 
ber 12, 1884, to Miss Effie Rice, and they 
have one child. Earl. He is a painter by 
trade and they make their home in Danville. 

.\fter his marriage Mr. Hughes removed 
to a small town in Pennsylvania, near where 
there were some extensive coal mines. Here 
he opened up a shop and began housekeep- 
ing in a miner's shanty. He had not a dol- 
lar in the world but he possessed energy and 
determination and with the assistance of a 
friend he was enabled to buy his tools and 
furnish his home, going in debt to the ex- 
tent of two hundred dollars. Within a year 
he paid off this intlebtedness besides earning 
his li\ing, and at the end of three years he 
had cleared five hundred dollars. He then 
removed to Parke county, Indiana, and 
opened a similar shop for himself. There he 
remained for nine years, during which time 
he was called upon to mourn the loss of his 
wife, whose death occurred March 17, 1858. 

On the 14th of August, 1859, Mr. 
Hughes was again married, the lady of his 
choice being Miss Nancy Y. Burks, the wed- 
ding taking place in Parke county, Indiana. 
She was born March 16, 1830, in that state 
and is a daughter of Moses and Louisa (Van 
Cleve) Burks, both of whom were natives 
of Kentucky. The father was born October 
their lives. Her father was a laborer and in 17. 1802, and died February 21. 1878. The 



220 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



mother's birtli occurred December 13, 1802, 
and she died about 1S96. This couple were 
married in Kentucky in 1825. Mr. Burks 
was a farmer by occupation and removed to 
Parke county, IncHana, in the '30s. There he 
entered land antl lived until his death. He 
was a member and an officer of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church and in politics was a 
Republican. He was the father of eleven 
children, four of whom are yet living: 
James A., a resident of Bement, Illinois; 
Nancy, the wife of our subject; Louisa J., 
the widow of Alex Breckenridge and a resi- 
dent of Putnam county, Indiana, and Moses 
R., of Parke county, Indiana. 

By his second marriage INIr. Hughes has 
six children. George, born March 11, 1861, 
was married December 30, 1886, to Dora 
Parish. They have two children, Charles 
A. and Cora, and reside in Vance township 
on the old homestead farm. William B., 
born July 22, 1863, was married February 
18, 1890, to Fanny Garners, and also re- 
sides on the old home farm. He is traveling 
representative of the Modern Woodmen. 
Mary L., born July 24, 1868, died Novem- 
ber I, 1869. Charles M., born September 
13, 1866, died June 18, 1894. An infant 
boy was born and died on the "th day of 
March, 1865. An infant daughter was born 
and died on the 22l\ of June, 1870. Mrs. 
Hughes also has a daughter by her first mar- 
riage, Margery A., who was born .\pril 29, 
184S, and was married December 24, 1874, 
to Robert McNott. She died June 3, 1896, 
and was the mother of six children, two of 
w hi 1111, IJarry and Nellie, are still living. 

In July, 1862, Mr. Hughes enlisted for 
si.xty da}'s' service in the L'ni(_)n army, join- 
ing Com])any D of the Seventy-eighth Vol- 
unteer Infantry. He took part in the battle 
of Uniontown, Kentucky, and was stationed 
on the Ixjrder line between Kentucky and In- 



diana. He and his company were captured 
by the Rebels, but they were soon paroled. 
His service embraced forty-five days. 

In 1864, Mr. Hughes brought his family 
to \'ermilion county, Illinois, where he pur- 
chased eighty acres of land at eight dollars 
per acre. This was prairie land, unim- 
proved and wild. But few settlers were in 
the county at the time and wild game was 
plentiful, including prairie-chickens, geese, 
dticks and deer. The prairie wolves were 
also numerous and often howled at niglrt 
near the pioneer home. Fairmount was then 
a town consisting of one-half dozen houses 
and three stores. Air. Hughes erected a 
comfortable frame house of three rooms — 
the finest and largest in the vicinity, in 1864. 
In 1865 he purchased an additional eighty 
acres adjoining bis original purchase, at fif- 
teen dollars per acre, giving his note in se- 
curity for payment. This land he cultivated 
and imi)ro\ed, making additional purchases 
as the years passed and he accumulated the 
capital, until he is now the owner of two 
hundred and ninety acres in Vance and Cat- 
lin townships. His residence stands on sec- 
tion 15, Vance township. His home is com- 
modious, pleasant and attractive in appear- 
ance, and he has on his place large and sub- 
stantial barns and all necessary buildings. 
He also owns city property in Marshall, 
Illiiujis. Mr. Hughes is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church of Jamaica, be- 
ing a trustee, steward and district steward in 
the same. He is a prominent Republican 
and has been associated wilii the party since 
1856, the year of its organization. Before 
that he was a \\'hig. He has held some of 
tlie offices in his township. .\ man of genial 
manner, a delightful companion and a true 
friend, he has won the esteem and regard of 
all with w horn he has been associated. The 
sterling characteristics which he possesses 



THE BIOGRAPklCAL RECORD 



221 



have won for him success and prominence 
and he is justly accounted one of the sub- 
stantial and wealthy men of Vermilion 
county. 



ALBERT G. OLMSTED. 

Albert G. Olmsted, whose connection 
with pioneer interests in Vermilion county 
has made his life record a part of the his- 
tory of this section of the state, was born 
October 14, 1831, in the vicinity of James- 
town, Chautauqua county. New York. He 
is descended from Puritan ancestry, his 
forefathers having been numbered among 
the early residents of New England. Later 
generations of the family became pioneers 
of Vermilion county, Illinois, the grand- 
parents and parents of our subject spend- 
ing much of their lives here. The Olmsted 
family purchased a ISIexiean land warrant 
in the early days for one hundred and twen- 
ty-five dollars, and for this amount secured 
one hundred and sixty acres of unbroken 
land, which, however, they never improved. 
Later owing to the rise in land values they 
sold it for one thousand dollars. George 
and Hannah (Roberts) Olmsted. the 
grandparents of our subject, were natives 
of New England, and in 1839 they emi- 
grated from their Ohio home to Illinois, 
with the father of our subject, the grand- 
father dying in this county two years later. 
His widow did not long survive him, pass- 
ing away in September, 1843. Their son, 
Stanley Olmsted, the father of our subject, 
was born in Hartford, Connecticut, and 
was reared amid the wild scenes of pioneer 
life both in the Buckeye state and in the 
Prairie state. After reaching years of ma- 
turity he wedded Almira Green, a native 

10 



of Vermont and they began their domestic 
life upon a farm near Jamestown, Chau- 
tauqua county. New York, where his father 
carried on agricultural pursuits for several 
years, developing a farm in the midst of 
the primeval forest in that section of the 
country. He subsepuently removetl from 
there with his family to Marietta, Wash- 
ington county, Ohio, but when five years 
had passed he again started upon his west- 
ward way and in 1839 came to Vermilion, 
county, making the journey down the Ohio 
river and up the Wabash river to Perrys- 
ville, whence he went to what is now known 
as Batestown. He settled in that vicinity 
among the pioneers of a new district. For 
some time he operated what was known as 
the Olmsted sawmill and in addition to 
manufacturing lumber he engaged in build- 
ing flatboats. That was the only mill where 
such boats were built and he turned out 
more than any other man in this section of 
the country. He became prominent and in- 
fluential in public affairs and was a member 
of the Masonic fraternity. His death, 
which occurred in 1S48, robbed the com- 
munity of a valued citizen. When ten 
years had passed his widow became the wife 
of Thomas W. Douglass. She has lived 
an earnest Christian life, being a devout 
member of the Presbyterian church. 

Of the ten children born unto Stanley 
Olmsted and his wife, Albert G. Olmsted 
was the second in order of birth. He was 
but eight years of age at the time of the 
emigration of "the family to Vermilion 
county and he pursued his education in a 
log schoolhouse, furnished with slab 
benches and an immense fire place. An 
entire log would be hauled into the school- 
room and laid across the fire and as the 
middle portion was l)urned it was pushed 



222 



THE BIOGRAPHiCAL RECORD 



over into the embers until it was entirely 
consumed. The greater part of his boy- 
hood was passed in Danville and Catlin 
townships. He can remember how in his 
early days, before the introtluction of 
matches, fires were started by striking flint 
together until the sparks ignited tow which 
was furnished for that purpose, and often 
when these necessaries were not to be had 
the neig-hbors would jjorrow from each 
other. All cooking was done in the old 
fire place, pots and kettles hanging from 
the crane while the baking was done in a 
skillet placed among the coals. The young 
girls went barefooted to and from church 
ser\ices, only wearing their shoes during 
the time of meeting, thus practicing econo- 
my, which was an important element in 
that pioneer period. On one occasion Mr. 
Olmsted drove an ox-cart to church, his 
grandmother and mother riding in the cart 
wiiile he walked beside it with pants rolled 
up to keep out of the dirt of the road. Cam]' 
meetings were frequently held in the for- 
ests, candles being fastened to the bushes to 
provide light. Mr. Olmsted was about sev- 
enteep years of age when his father died. 
He never lived in anything but a log house 
until the second summer after his marriage. 
After his father's death the support of the 
family largely devolved upon him. He 
rented land and began farming, his first 
plow having a wooden mold board. To 
cultivate grain he used a single shovel plow 
and single rope line, leather harness being 
nut then in general use. He cut grain with 
a cradle and when he was plowing the lady 
who became his wife, then a maiden of six- 
teen years, dropped corn for him in the fur- 
rows, never thinking then of the marriage 
which was afterward to take place. Mr. 
Olmsted has seen manv changes made in 



the machinery and farm implements and 
has always kept in touch with the general 
progress. 

On the 22d of July, 1855. was celebrated 
the marriage of .Albert (i. Olmsted and 
Elizabeth iVnn W'riglit, who was l)orn in 
tliis county, September 22, 1832, a daughter 
of Thomas N. and ]\Iary Brown (San- 
dusky ) W'right, who were natives of this 
p.irt of the county. Mrs. Olmsted was 
born on the old homestead which now be- 
longs to our subject, it having formerly 
been the property of her parents. She was 
a splendid housekeeper and a most ener- 
getic woman. She spun and colored tiie 
yarn and made most of the clothing for the 
family and Mr. Olmsted has in his posses- 
sion two beautiful quilts for which she spun 
and colored the yarn in 1858. Hers was 
also a iiospitable home and the stranger 
was always welcome there. Her parents 
were nati\es of Bourbon county, Kentucky, 
and when her father was nineteen years of 
age and her mother twenty they came to 
Vermilion county, Illinois, and were mar- 
ried six weeks later, in 1831. near Tndian- 
ola, immediately afterward settling on a 
farm which is now the property of Mr. 
Olmsted. There Mr. W'right built a log 
cabin. His wife died May 31, 1851, leav- 
ing fi\'e children of whom Mrs. Olmsted 
was the eldest. Mr. Wright afterward 
married Nancy Dougherty and he died No- 
vember 18, 1872. on the old homestead 
which he developed from a wild prairie. It 
was upon this same farm that five children 
were Ijorn unto our subject and his wife: 
Mary B.. now the wife of John H. Palmer; 
Charles, who married Agnes Emmett. 
whose death occurred November 17. 1887; 
^\'illiam C. who married Eva Beck; 
C.eorge E.. who wedded Nora Champion, of 




M. B. BAILEY. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



225 



Catlin, Illinois; and Albert C, who married 
Bessie Davis and is now a bookkeeper in 
the employ of the Chicago & Eastern Illi- 
nois Railroad. Mr. Olmsted also has eight 
grandchildren. 

After their marriage the parents located 
iipon a rented farm in Catlin township, 
which was their home-for several years and 
after that Mr. Olmsted purchased a place 
m the village of Catlin. He says the first 
beds he ever saw used were made of a few 
posts nailed together and the bedding placed 
upon them. The houses were built of round 
logs. In these early days he used to haul 
corn and pork to river towns, Attica and 
■dther places, and he would go to Liffayette, 
Indiana, to have his wool carded. Danville 
was the main trading point in these early 
days and was but a village. After remov- 
ing to Catlin he continued to rent land for 
"three years. In 1867, the second year after 
the purchase of the county farm, he was ap- 
pointed its superintendent and owing to his 
kindness to the inmates and his efficiency 
he was retained in that position for eight 
years, after which he tendered his resigna- 
tion, desiring to invest in - farm on his own 
account. He then became the owner of the 
property, which he now possesses on section 
27,, Catlin township, Mrs. Olmsted having 
inherited a portion of this land, while our 
subject purchased the remainder. He now 
has one of the best improved farms in the 
neighborhood, supplied with good substan- 
tial buildings and a splendid farm residence, 
where he and his wife resided happily to- 
gether for many years. He then retired to 
Catlin, where he has now resided for nine 
years. Mrs. Olmsted lived to rear and edu- 
cate her family and departed this life July 
26, 1 90 1. She Avas indeed a devoted and 
loving wife and mother, her manv excellent 



qualities endearing her to all with whom she 
came in contact. She was ever kindly and 
charitable and her good deeds were many. 
Mr. Olmsted has long been identified 
with the Vermilion County Fair Association 
and for seven years he acted as gatekeeper. 
He served for two years as a member of the 
board of supervisors, as school trustee for 
eleven years and his incumbency in the office 
of school director dates back to a period al- 
most beyond his memory. He has served 
as judge of elections for several years and 
has been deeply identified with the upbuild- 
ing and progress of the county along social, 
material, moral and intellectual lines. He 
is a member of the Cumberland Presbyter- 
ian church, of which he is now serving as a 
trustee and he belongs to Catlin Lodge, No. 
285, F. & A. M., in which he has served as 
master. Politically he is' a Democrat and ht 
assisted in the organization of the militia 
during the call for the draft. The history 
of Vermilion county is indeed a familiar 
one to him, because of his active connection 
with many interests which have contributed 
to the general progress and improA'ement 
here, from pioneer times down to the pres- 
ent. He has so lived that his name is a 
synonym of honor and no man is more de- 
serving of respect in this community than 
Alfred G. Olmsted. 



M. B. BAILEY. 



Whatever else may be said of the legal 
fraternity, it cannot be denied that members 
of the bar have been more prominent actors 
in public aft'airs than any other class of 
American people. The ability and training 
which qualify one to practice law also 



226 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



qualify liini in many respects for tlie duties 
which he outside the strict path of his pro- 
fession and w hich toucli the general interests 
of society. The subject of this record is a 
man who has brought his keen discrimina- 
tion and thorougli wisdom to bear not alone 
in professional paths but for the benefit of 
the community in which he lives, and he is 
now serving as mayor of Danville and state 
senator from the twenty-second senatorial 
district of the state. 

Mr. Bailey is one of Vermilion county's 
native sons, his birth having occurred in the 
town of Indianola, January 23, 1858. He 
parents were Joseph and Sarah (Brackall) 
Bailey. After attending" the public schools 
of Georgetown for some time he entered 
Earlham College, an old Quaker school at 
Richmond, Indiana, and on lea\ing that in- 
stitution was a student at the State Normal 
School at Normal, Illinois, for a time. In 
1883 he matriculated at Columbia College, 
Washington, D. C, where he was graduated 
in the law department in 1885. The follow- 
ing year took a post-graduate course 
there and was granted the degree of Master 
and Bachelor of Law. 

Prior to taking up the study of law Mr. 
Bailey had taug'ht school in ( ieorgetown 
township and also worked on a farm. In 
1879 he went to Colorado and spent three 
3'ears in the silver mines near Leadville. On 
his return east he was offered a position in 
the treasury department at Washington. O. 
C. and while there he pursued his law- 
studies at Columbia College. He began 
practice at Kansas City, Mi.s.souri, but only 
remained there a short time, returning tn 
Danville on the death of his mother in 1S88, 
and soon afterward he o])ened an office in 
this city. In 1889 he again went to \\'ash- 
ington to accept the pijsition of chief of the 
law division of the pension bureau and 



.serxed in that capacity until 1892, when we 
again find him in Danville. Here he has 
since engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion and has met with most desirable suc- 
cess. 

On the 1 8th of January, 1899. Mr. 
Bailey was united in marriage to Miss Lucy 
Payne, a native of Rock Island, Illinois, and 
one of the four children born to Senator 
Payne and his wife. Her parents were also 
natives of Rock Island. Mr. am! Mrs. 
Bailey have one child, Joseph, born Decem- 
ber 6, 1899. 

Since attaining his majority Mr. Bailey 
has taken quite an active and prominent part 
in public affairs, and in 1894 was elected to 
the thirty-ninth general assembly, being a 
member of the lower house for two consecu- 
ti\e terms. In 1808 he was nominated by 
the Republican party for state senator, but 
owing to the supreme court's decision on the 
apportionment bill no vacancy existed. He 
was :igain nominated, however, in 1900 and 
this time was elected by a good majority. 
He became quite a prominent and influential 
meml)cr of the legislature, and in the thirty- 
ninth anil fortieth assemblies he served on 
the judiciary, building and loan, assessment 
and insurance committees, of which he was 
also a member after entering the senate. He 
took an active interest in the school board 
law, regulating the power of the boards and 
decreasing the cost of te.xt Ijooks. He also 
worked hard to get a bill passed reducing 
the rate on railroads from three to two cents 
and prohibiting passes, and took a special 
interest in mining legislation, being instru- 
mental in getting a purer grade of oil to be 
sold to the miners and also a law passed i)ro- 
viding the wages for labor should be paid in 
cash and thus doing away with the truck 
store system. He also secured the passage 
of the check weighman law. this giving the 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



227 



miners the right to designate the man to 
weigh tlie coal and thus avoiding disputes 
between them and the operators. Mr. Bailey 
was chairman of the committee on mines 
and mining and also the committee on pub- 
lic grounds during the last session. In 
April. 1899, he was elected mayor of Dan- 
ville, and so acceptably did he fill that office 
that he was re-elected in 1901, carrying 
everv ward and precinct for the first time in 
the history of the city, and is the present in- 
cumbent. During his administration many 
needed improvements have been made, in- 
cluding the extension of all the railroad 
lines, and the doubling of the sanitary sewer 
system. Never were the reins of city gov- 
ernment in more capable hands, for he is a 
progressive man, pre-eminently public 
spirited, and all that pertains to the public 
welfare receives his hearty endorsement. 
Socially he is an honored member of the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, the 
blue lodge and chapter of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, the Knights of Pythias, the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. the .\ncient Or- 
der of United Workmen, the Fraternal 
Army of America, the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen 
of .\merica. He is deser\-edly popular, as 
he is affable and courteous in manner and 
possesses that essential qualification to suc- 
cess in public life, that of making friends 
readily and strengthening the ties of all 
friendships as time advances. 



HARVEY C. ADAMS. 

To his own unaided efforts may be at- 
tributed whatever success Harvey C. Adams 
has achieved or whatever prominence he has 
attained. He is yet a young man, but at the 
bar he has won a position wJTich would be 



creditable to many an older practitioner. A 
native of the neighboring state of Indiana, 
his birth occurred in Cass count}- on the 2d 
of February, 1870, his parents being Lewis 
and Hannah (Schuman) Adams, both na- 
tives of Ohio. In the state of his nativity 
the father was educated and reared to man- 
hood. After arri\-ing at years of maturity 
he wedded Hannah Schuman, a daughter 
of Christian and Anna (Fall) Schuman. and 
they now reside in Hutsonville, Illinois, 
having lived in or near that place continu- 
ously since 1875. 

Harvey C. Adams was eight years of 
age when the family took up their abode in 
Hutsonville, and entering the public schools 
there he began his education. He was af- 
terward for a short time a student in the 
Union Christian College at ]\Ierom, In- 
diana. Desiring to broaden his knowledge 
and realizing how important a factor in the 
affairs of life is education, he has spent 
much time in private reading and study. 
He pursued the Chautauqua course, also 
took a course in shorthand in the Northern 
Indiana State Normal school at Valparaiso, 
Indiana, and later, while acting as stenog- 
rapher in the office of the firm of Callahan, 
Jones & Howe at Robinson, Illinois, he 
took up the study of law and thus laid the 
foundation for his present successful career 
as a member of the bar. He was appointed 
by the circuit judge of Crawford county, 
Illinois, to the position of court stenograph- 
er. .\fter passing the civil service examina- 
tion he entered the treasury department at 
W^ashington, D. C. as stenographer. When 
six weeks has passed, during which time he 
gave proof of his business skill, adaptabil- 
ity anfl personal worth, he was transferred 
to the civil service commission as a stenog- 
rapher, and while thus engaged he took dic- 
tation from Theodore Roosevelt, who was 



228 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



then one of the tliree civil service commis- 
sioners. Through the kindness of Congress- 
man Joseph Cannon Mr. .\dams was trans- 
ferred to the postoflice department and this 
gave him an opportunity to pursue his law 
studies. Every step which he took, every po- 
sition which he filled, was regarded, as but a 
means to an end — that of the practice of 
law. His residence in Washington covered 
a period of almost three years, from 1890 
until the 4th of March, 1893. In June, 
1892, he was graduated in the Columbian 
University on the completion of a law 
course, and in I\Iarch of the following year 
he resigned his position and returned to Illi- 
nois, seeking a location as a lawyer. 

In April, 1893, Mr. Adams came to 
Danville, where for the past ten years he 
has practiced his profession, gaining a 
clientage which is \ery creditable for one 
so young. He now holds the position of 
secretary to Justice Jacob W. Wilkin of the 
Su])reme Court of Illinois. Mis law prac- 
tice, which he pursues in addition to his sec- 
retary work, consists mainly of probate bus- 
iness, chancery and the settlement of es- 
tates. 

On the 8th of November, 1892, was 
performed the marriage ceremony which 
united the destinies of Harvey C. Adams 
and Miss Blanch Meserve, a daughter of Dr. 
Stephen Decatur Meserve, of Robinson, Illi- 
nois, and they now have one son, Stephen 
Meserve Adams. The subject of this re- 
view endorses the principles and platform 
of the Republican party and upon that ticket 
he was elected to the office of city alderman 
in 1899 l)ut refused to serve a second term. 
Fraternally he is connected with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, Knights of 
Pvthias and the Modern Woodmen of 



America. From his early boyhood days 
Mr. Adams has depended entirely upon his 
own resources and efforts for advancement 
along educational, professional and financial 
lines and although he is yet a young man 
his life history proves conclusively that prog- 
ress in these directions may be made through 
strong delei'niinatinn. honorable purpose 
anfl laudable ambition. 



ELISHA C. R. FITHIAN. 

"Success," said Napoleon, "depends 
upon three things, energy, system and per- 
se\'erance." W iti: the realization of this 
truth Elislia C. B. Fithian has so directed 
bis business affairs that he has prospered in 
his undertakings and to-day he is one of the 
most extensive landowners of Vermilion 
county. He is also one of its pioneer citi- 
zens, for his birtli occurred November 8, 
1837, in Danville, when that city was but a 
village. His parents were Dr. \\'illiam and 
Orlethea T. ( Berry j Fithian, who are men- 
tioned elsewhere in this volume. The son 
pursued his early education in a little log 
building called the Williams school, his first 
teacher being a Scotchman named Robin- 
son. He was not only a good instructor, 
but he also exemplified his belief in the old 
adag^e "spare the rod and spoil the child." 
This was a subscription school and the 
teacher "boarded around'' in the homes of 
the diff'crent pupils. Later Mr. Fithian was 
a student in the White Seminary, a Presby- 
terian institution, where he continued for 
some time, acquiring a good English edu- 
cation. 

After completing bis school duties he 
entered the general store of his lather in 




E. D. B. FITh I AN 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



2 si 



Dan\^ille, remaining there for aljout a year. 
He tlien came to tlie farm in Oakwood 
township, for he believed that the outdoor 
life would prove beneficial to his failing 
health. He took charge of his father's farm 
of thirty-seven hundred acres, very little of 
which was at that time tuider cultivation. 
Mr. Fithian began breaking the prairie, us- 
ing five or six yoke of oxen to a breaking 
plow A\hich would turn a furrow of twenty- 
two inches. He broke a tliousand acres in 
this way, but much of it had to be gone over 
again, often as many as three or four times, 
for there had been no ditching done and the 
warm water would again start the prairie 
grasses. Finally Air. Fithian gave up the 
attempt to transform into cultivable fields 
■ the low land and used it as pasture. He 
tin^ned his attention to the stock business 
on an extensive scale. His father was a 
large stock man and he had gained practical 
knowledge of the business. When the rail- 
roads were built through this portion of the 
state he made shipments of his cattle to 
Chicago. He remembers distinctively, how- 
ever, the early conditions of the county 
when there was much game, includ- 
ing prairie chickens, ducks, brant and geese. 
There were also larg'e numbers of prairie 
wolves that might be heard howling at night 
or seen skirring over the country in the day- 
time. Mr. Fithian has seen as many as 
sixteen deer in a single herd pass through 
his orchard. At night, if the corn was not 
well fenced, the deer would enter the fields 
and eat and tramp down the crop. As time 
passed, however, marked improvements 
were made in methods of agriculture, with 
all of which Mr. Fithian' kept abreast, in 
fact, he lias ever been regarded as one of 
the most progressive agriculturists of this 
part of the state as well as one of the most 
extensi\-e and prosperous landowners. 



On the 23d of February, 1865, occurred 
the marriage of Mr. Fithian and Miss Anna 
M. Hayes, a native of Athens county, Ohio, 
and a daugliter of John and Adaline ( Neb- 
lock) Id ayes, both of whom were natives 
of Pennsylvania and were of Scotch and 
German descent, respectively. Their mar- 
riage was celebrated in Ohio and Mr. Hayes 
was a carpenter by trade. Jn 1850, accom- 
panied by his wife and chililren, he drove 
across the country to Danville in a prairie 
schooner, as the old covered wagons at that 
time were called. The journey occupied 
twetity-one days and at night the family 
camped by the roadside. After reaching 
Vermilion county Mr. Hayes spent a few 
months in Danville and then located a half 
mile south of the old town of Homer, 
Champaign county. There he purchased 
land ui)on which he resided for seven or 
eight years, after which he returned to Ver- 
milion county, where he lived upon a farm 
a half mile from the Fithian homestead, 
his home being in Oakwood township, 
where he spent his remaining days. There 
his death occurred in 1885 and his wife 
passed away on the home place in 1894. 
They were the parents of twelve children, 
of whom six are now living, namely : Mrs. 
Fithian; John, of Vermilion cotinty; Mrs. 
Edith McCoy, of Kansas ; William, of In- 
diana ; Mrs. Lydia Cass, of Danville ; and 
James, who is also living in this county. 
The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Fithian has 
been blessed with five children: Paul H. 
is a practicing physician of Fithian ; Lalla 
is at home; Elisha C. B. is living upon a 
part of his father's farm, and is married to 
Christiana Illk, by whom he has two chil- 
dren, George William and Anna Dorothy ; 
John. Charles, who is also upon his father's 
farm, married Sarah Reese and has one son, 
Orion P>. ; and David W. is a practicing 



232 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



dentist of Rossville. He wedded Jessie 
Fellow. 

Mr. Fithian was made a Mason in 1875 
and belongs to Fairmount Lodge, No. 590, 
F. & -\. AI. His wife is a member of the 
Methodist church and his political support 
is given the Republicans, but while he keeps 
\\ell informed on the issues of the day he 
lias never consented to hold office except 
that of school director. He has eleven hun- 
dred acres of valuable land and lor some 
years he has been living practically retired, 
having rented almost all of his land to his 
sons. Mr. Fithian is well informed con- 
cerning the history of Vermilion county 
from an earlv epoch in its liistory. In the 
year 1834 he had an aunt in Iowa who re- 
turned to Danville on her wa_\- to Oliio and 
here she was joined bv the mnlher of our 
subject who, taking her baby son with her, 
accomjjanied the aunt to thf^ir old home in 
the Buckeye state, making the entire trip 
on horsel)ack. This fact goes to shdw what 
the pioneer women of that day were capa- 
ble of. On one occasion Mr. Fithian's fa- 
ther sent by wagon to Ohio for two McCor- 
mick rea]5ers, which Cduld nut then lie pur- 
chased in the west. In those early days our 
subject hauled wheat to Attica, Indiana, 
and if prices were "high" he could sell for 
fortv cents per Inishcl. Cdhi brought eight 
and ten cents per bushel and in his boyhood 
T\Tr. I-'ithian would measure corn from the 
crib in a half bushel measure and would 
pass it through ilie window to the men on 
the f)utside. .As time passed Mr. Fithian, 
taking his part in the agricultural work of 
the county, became a leader in ])rogress and 
im])rovement in his line of activity and by 
the capable control of his business interests 
he won splendid success. He has, however, 
never allowed the accumulation of wealth 
to in anv wav warri his kindlv nature and 



there is no man in the community who en- 
joys to a wider extent the esteem and regard 
of those with whom he was associated. 



WILLIAM M. SILVER. 

It would be impossible to give a com- 
plete history of Hoopeston without mention- 
ing William M. Silver, for no resident of 
the town has done so much for its improve- 
ment as Mr. Silver, who in the line of his 
business affairs has continually added to the 
citv's growth and upbuilding. He is a con- 
tractor and builder and a large part of the 
brick structures in the town stand as monu- 
ments to his enterprise and skill. He enjoys 
a s])lendid reputation as a representative of 
this department of business activity and is 
a man whose business honor and integrity 
are beyond question. 

'Sir. Silver was born in Shelby county, 
Ohio, in the town of Sidney, in 1844. His 
father. Peter Silver, was born in Frank- 
fort, Kentucky, and having arrived at years 
of maturity he wedded Man,' Benham, of 
Ohio. He, too, was a contractor and build- 
er and died in Hoopeston in 1883, while his 
wife passed away in 18S8. They had been 
residents of this place from 1875. and were 
well known people here. They had the fol- 
lowing children : William M.. of this re- 
view ; Joseph M., a resident of Leavenworth, 
Krmsas; Mrs. Sarah ^Morris, of Peoria. Illi- 
nois; Mrs. Abbie Boggs, who is living in 
Warsaw, Indiana : and Mrs. Mary E. Hall, 
of Hoopeston. 

\\'hen only about si.\ months old Will- 
iam M. Silver of this review was taken by 
his parents to Elkhart county, Indiana, 
where he remained until fifteen years of age, 
during which time he attended school. He 
then went to Kosciusko county, Indiana, 



TflE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



233 



and from that place entered the army on 
the 27th of April, 1862, when only abont 
eighteen years of age, joining the Twelfth 
Indiana Infantry under the command of 
Captain Samuel Boughton and Colonel W. 
H. Link. He was also under Generals Lo- 
gan and Sherman and lie served for mort 
than three years but was never wounded. 
At Richmond, Kentuclcy, on the 30tli of x^u- 
gust, i86->, he was taken prisoner and after- 
• ward was paroled and sent to Indianapolis 
to the parole camp, where he remained until 
the 14th of November, of that year. On 
that date he was exchanged and went to the 
south at once, proceeding to Memphis, Ten- 
nessee, and on to Vicksburg, participating 
in the siege of that city until its surrender. 
Later he went with his command to Chatta- 
nooga and also took part in the battles of 
Missionary Ridge and Knoxville, and later 
went into winter quarters at Scottsboro, 
Alabama. .\t that point he remained until 
the 1st of May, 1864, when the regiment 
started on the Atlanta campaign, participat- 
ing in many of the hotly contested engage- 
ments W'hich preceded the siege and fall of 
the city. With his regiment Mr. Sil\"er then 
continued with Sherman on his celebrated 
march to the sea and after the surrender of 
Savannah he was in the Carolina campaign 
and continued northward to Washington, D. 
C. his regiment participating in the grand 
review, leading Sherman's army in that cel- 
ebrated military pageant on the 24th of May, 
1865. Mr. Silver was there mustered out 
on the 8tli of June and received his final 
discharge on the 20th of June following. 
He was in twenty-one engagements, taking 
part in every battle in which his regiment 
participated with one exception. He 
marched a little more than six thousand 
miles in three years and was in all of the 



southern states except Texas and Florida. 
During all of this time he made the long- 
marches on foot. His military record is a 
most creditable one and he certainly deserves 
the gratitude of the nation for what he ac- 
complished in aiding in the struggle to main- 
tain the L^nion intact. 

After his return home My. Silver began 
learning the brick layer's trade at Warsaw, 
Indiana, beginning that work in 1866. He 
remained there four years. During that 
time he was married in the month of Feb- 
ruary, 1866, to Miss Sarah Bybee, who died 
eleven months later. In 1868 he was joined 
in wedlock to Jennie McGrew, of Warsaw, 
Indiana, and removed to Elkhart, Indiana, 
where he remained inUil 1871. In that 
year his second wife died and the two chil- 
dren of that union both passed away in in- 
fancy. Succeeding the great fire in Chicago 
in 1871 Mr. Silver went to that city, where 
he followed his trade for eighteen months 
aufl then came to Logan county, Illinois. 
In January, 1873, he was united in marriage 
to Mary A. Weaver, and removed to Mid- 
dletown and later li\'ed in Lincoln, where 
he continued until 1879. the year of his ar- 
rival in Hoopeston. Mr. Silver began con- 
tracting here for brick and stone work and 
still follows his business with splendid suc- 
cess. He has taken contracts for work all 
ovei' the eastern part of Illinois and western 
Indiana. In Floopeston he erected the city 
hall, the west side school, the N. Brillhart 
house, ten storerooms for J. S. McFerren, and 
with three exceptions all of the brick store 
buildings in Hoopeston. He also erected the 
Cunningham House, the Catherwood resi- 
dence and the additions to the McFerren 
residence. He built the first building of the 
Union Canning Company and many others 
of the business structures here, his services 



234 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



being- in constant demand because of his 
thorough understancUng of tlie business and 
his faithfuhiess to tlie terms of a contract 
and his known rehabihty in all trade transac- 
tions. 

In 1901, Mr. Silver was called upon to 
mourn the loss of his second wife, who 
passed away in January of tliat year, leaving 
three living children. There was also one 
child by the first wife, Abbie J., now the wife 
of X. E. Weaver, of Hoopeston, who is as- 
sociated with her father in the contracting 
business. She has five children. The other 
members of Mr. Silver's family are: Le- 
ona G. ; Nellie, the wife of I.. A. Blakeley, 
a brick layer of Danville; and Harry Clyde, 
at hotne. 

In social relations Mr. Silver is promi- 
nent, being a valued member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. His political 
support is given to the Republican party and 
he is the present member of the city council 
from the third ward. He is now serving his 
third term in that position and he filled tli' 
position of township supervisor for one full 
term and for one year of an unexpired term. 
His home is on Market street and he owns 
five tenement houses here. His time and at- 
tention are largely given to his contracting 
and building interests and during the winter 
months he also operates a broom factory 
which adds in a degree to his income. Mr. 
Silver well merits his success, for it has been 
worthily won. He found the opportunities 
he sought — which by the way are always 
open to the energetic, ambitious man — and 
making the best of these he has steadily 
worked his way upward. He possesses 
resolution, perseverance and reliability and 
his name is now enrolled among the best 
citizens of ^^ermilion countv. 



ERNST BLANKENBURG. 

Ernst Blankenburg, who is the leading 
retail dealer in wines, liquors and cigars in 
]3anville, was born in Eberswaldr, Prussia, 
on the 6th of October, 1843, his parents be- 
ing \\'illiam and Caroline (Torge) Blanken- 
burg, both of whom were natives of Prus- 
sia. The father died in the year 1871, 
when sixty-nine years of age, and his wife 
passed away in 1874. at the age of sixty- 
two years, iliey reared a family of nine 
children, in the '60s they crossed the At- 
lantic to the new world, establishing their 
hor.ie in Danville. Our subject was the 
fourth in order of birth in a family of nine 
children, of whom those still living are: 
(iottlieb; August; Louise, the wife of 
George Rust ; and Ernst. Those who have 
passed away are : William, Frederick, 
Christian, Lewis and Ferdinand. 

In the public and private schools of his 
nati\-e town in Prussia Ernst Blankenburg 
pursued his education. He has been a res- 
ident of Danville since 1867, coming here 
wIkmi a young man of twent\--four vears. 
He was first employed as a clerk, serxing 
in that capacit)^ for three years in the dry- 
goods store of William Hessey, after \\liich 
he estal)lished a brewery which was later 
sold to John Stein. In 1875 '^^ established 
his present business which he has now con- 
ducted for more than twcnty-se\'cn \-ears. 
He retails wines, liquors and cigars and is 
conducting the largest establishment of the 
kind in Danville, realizing a handsome and 
gratifying profit from the enterprise. 

In 1880 ]\Ir. Blankenburg was united 
in marriage to ]\liss Mary S. Lee of this- 
city ;uul they now ha\-e two children, a 
daughter and a .son, Edna and Russell. 
Tliev also lost one son, Herman, who died 




ERNST BLANKENBURG. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



237 



at the age of three years. Mr. Blankenburg 
is a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and is secretary of the Dan- 
ville Socialer Turn Verein. He is a gen- 
tleman of affable manner, genial and cour- 
teous and is a leading German-American 
citizen of Danville. 



GEORGE T. RAY. 

There is nothing in this world that will 
take the place of skillfully directed labor and 
this fact Mr. Ray has realized as be has car- 
ried on his life work. It is to his industn,' 
and enterprise that he owes his place among 
the progressive and substantial farmers of 
Ross township, his home being on section 
30. Among the honored pioneer settlers be 
is likewise numbered for he dates his resi- 
dence in Vermilion county from 1835. The 
family is of German origin, his great-grand- 
father being a native of Germany. The 
grandfather, George Ray, was born in Union 
county, Pennsylvania, whence he removed 
to Ohio, settling near Circleville, in Picka- 
Avay county. His son, John Ray, the father 
of our subject, was born at Buffalo Valley, 
Union county, Pennsylvania, and was 
reared to mature years in Ohio, where he 
formed the acquaintance and married Eliza- 
beth Glover, who was likewise a native of 
the Keystone state. He turned his atten- 
tion to farming, which he followed in Pick- 
away county for a number of years and 
in 1S31 he came to Illinois, settling in Will 
counU . where he resided until the spring of 
1832 when he had to take his family to Fort 
Dearliorn on account of an Indian uprising. 
After a short time, however, he made his, 
way southward to Vermilion county, In- 



diana, where he continued until the Indian 
troubles were settled. He then removed to 
this county in 1835, entering three hundred 
and twenty acres of land in Ross township, 
located on sections 29 and 30. He at once 
began to break this, fenced it and in course 
of time developed a good farm. The entire 
country around, too, was an almost un- 
broken wilderness and in true pioneer stvle 
the family lived. There the father spent his 
remaining days, jjassing away on the 4th 
of March, 1856. His wife long sm"vi\-ed 
him and was caUed to her final rest Feliruary 
13, 18S2. In their family were three sons 
antl three daughters, but two of the daugh- 
ters are now deceased. Those living are: 
William G., who resides in Alvin : John, Avbo 
owns and operates a part of the old home- 
stead ; and Sarah Ann, the wife of John 
Hitchens, a blacksmith of Alvin. 

When but a small boy George Ray be- 
came a resident of Vermilion county and on 
the old home farm his boyhood days were 
passed. Amid the wild scenes,of the fron- 
tier he shared with the family in all the hard- 
ships and trials incident to the establishment 
of a home aiuid pioneer surroundings and 
when his strength and age would permit he 
assisted in the work of clearing and develop- 
ing the farm. As a companion and helpmate 
for life's journey lie chose Miss Mary E. 
Hickman, their wedding being celebrated in 
Catlin township, October 29, 1863, the lady 
being a daughter of Hiram Hickman, a na- 
tive of Kentucky, who, when a small boy, 
went to Tennessee and afterward to Ohio. 
In the latter state he married Martha A. 
Allen and subsequently they removed to Illi- 
nois, settling in Vermilion county about 
1835. Mrs. Ray was born in Brown county, 
Ohio, was reared in this county, and pursued 
her education here and in the Georgetown 



238 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



liigh scliool. For several years prior to her 
marriage she was a successful teacher and is 
a most estimable lady, who has been to her 
husband a faithful companion and helpmate 
on life's journey. They began their domes- 
tic life on a part of the old Ray homestead, 
our subject clearing the land and preparing 
it for the plow. He afterward built a good 
substantial residence, a large barn and made 
many important and \aluable improvements. 
The home was blessed by the ]jresence of five 
children : Daniel V., who is married and 
has three children, Mary E., Angelena, and 
George T., and resides in Jamesburg, Illi- 
nois, where he is engaged in the practice 
of medicine; (leorge A., a lawyer of Ross- 
ville: Frank H., who is married and is living 
in Chicago, having two children, Ruth and 
Paul Keneth : Benjamin, who is married, has 
one child. Bertha ]\r.. and resides with his 
parents ; and Charles, who completes the 
family. 

Politically Mr. Ray is a Jeffersonian 
Democr.'it, who in 1852 voted for Franklin 
Pierce, age having given to him the right of 
franchise for the first time at that election. 
He served for several years as township 
school trustee and also as director and has 
e\'er been earnestly interested in the ad- 
vancement of the schools and the emi)loy- 
ment of good teachers, believing that edu- 
cation is one of the bulwarks of our nation. 
From pioneer times down to the present he 
has been a witness of the substantial de\-el- 
opment of Vermilion count)'. ]-le c;uiie 
here when much of the land appeared just 
as it did when nature completed her work. 
It was the haunt of deer and other wild ani- 
mals and venison furnished m.nny a meal for 
the early settlers, while wild fowls were fre- 
quently seen on the pioneer board. .A num- 
ber of years have passed ere the wild prairie 



grasses had ctuircly been replaced by the 
fields of waxing grain in the midst of which 
to-day stand substantial farm houses, whik 
towns and villages have here and there 
sprung up. Mr. Ray's memory forms a 
connecting link between the pioneer past 
and the progressive jjre.sent and he has manv 
interesting incidents to relate of \'ermilion 
county's history. 



J. P. BAIFEY. 

J. P. Bailey, a well known carpenter and 
contractor of Dan\-ille ami an honored vet- 
eran of the (^i\il war. is a native of this 
county, his birth having occurred February 
8. 1S42. seven miles southeast of George- 
town on the horseshoe l)end of the Little 
\'ermilion river. His father, James S. 
Bailey, was born in Chillicothe, Ross coun- 
ty Ohio, and on reaching manhood was 
m.-irried in Newport, Indiana, to Miss Orena 
West, a native of Vermilion county, that 
state, who died on the 3d of Xo\-eniber, 
1853. He continued to reside in Newport 
until iS(')~. when be remoxed to Sangamon 
county. Illinois, where his death occurred 
December 25. 1S73, his remains being in- 
terred in Blunk cemetery-, fifteen miles 
southeast of Springfield. By trade he was a 
coo])er. In religious faith he was a Pres- 
Inierian. x\as also connected with the Mason- 
ic lodge and was a stanch supporter of the 
Republican party. His brother, William 
Bailey, was a prominent old settler of Ver- 
milion county. Indiana, where he served as 
sheriff and coviiUy clerk at an early day. 

Our sul)ject is one of a family of three 
children, but his brother is deceased. His 
sister. Marv. is the wife of \\'illiam H. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



239 



Gowdy, of Covington, Indiana. Mr. Bailey 
began Iiis education in the Billings school 
at the crossroads near his home prior to the 
election of President Pierce, the "temple of 
learning" being a log structure furnished 
with slab seats, and the school was con- 
ducted on the subscription plan. After the 
removal of the family to Perrysville, Indi- 
ana, he attended the ]jublic schools at that 
place and made his home there until after 
the outbreak of the Civil war. Since the 
death of his mother, when he was eleven 
years of age, he has been dependent upon his 
own resources for a livelihood, working on 
a farm the first summer. The following 
winter he carried the mail from Perrysville 
to Georgetown and Danville, Illinois, and 
the next summer drove a three-mule team 
on the canal from Perrysville to Toledo, 
Ohio. During the next winter he drove the 
stage for Teller Brothers from Covington 
to Armiesburg, Indiana, and on giving up 
that position he began learning the mill- 
wright's trade in the construction of the 
old Williams mill at Hillsboro, Indiana. La- 
ter he was employed on the Smith & Jones 
mill in Fountain county, that state; the 
Kirkpatrick mill at Perrysville and the 
woolen mill at that place. He helped to 
build the old North street church in Dan- 
ville in 1857, and assisted in the erection of 
the seminary at Perrysville in 1859, besides 
a great many mills throughout the country. 
During the dark days of the Rebellion, 
however, [Mr. Bailey laid aside all personal 
interests and offered his services to his 
country, enlisting at Perrysville, Indiana, 
September 9, 1861, in Company D, Thirti- 
eth Indiana Volunteer Infantry under Cap- 
tain Weldon and Colonel I. Bass, of Fort 
Wayne. His regiment was mustered in at 
Indianapolis and assigned to the Army of 
the Cumljerland. They participated in quite 



a number ui skirmishes in Tennessee and 
their first important engagement was the 
battle of Shiloh in 18(12. In 1864 the com- 
mand was transferred to the Army of the 
Tennessee and was with Sherman on his At- 
lanta campaign until the surrender of that 
city, after which they returned to Nashville 
under the command of General Thomas. 
They next went to Huntsville, Alabama, 
and from there started to Richmond to re- 
lieve the Army of the Potomac, but in the 
spring of 1865 were transferred to New Or- 
leans and from there went to Victoria, Tex- 
as, where Mr. Bailey was mustered out on 
the 25th of November, 1865. He was 
wounded in the left side by a minie ball dur- 
ing the second day's fight at Nashville, De- 
cember 16, 1864. 

Returning home Mr. Bailey resumed 
work at the millwright's trade, which he 
continued to follow until 1890, since which 
time he has devoted his attention to carpen- 
tering and contracting with good success 
and is to-day one of the leading Inisiness 
men of Danville, where he has made his 
home since 1879. He has erected a great 
many of the ele\'ators in this county besides 
other buildings and has always faithfully 
fulfilled his part of every contract. 

On the 23th of March, 1865, in New- 
port, Indiana, Mr. Bailey married Miss 
Frances A. Seay, who was born in George- 
town, Illinois, April 26, 1846, a daughter 
of Thomas A. Seay. As a child she made 
her home with Elisha R-iiney, of George- 
town, but was later adopted by Dr. Perkins, 
of Eugene, Indiana. After a short married 
life of fourteen years she died April 12, 
1879, leaving four children, namely: Min- 
nie, the wife of William Buckley, of St. Lou- 
is, Missouri; John G.. a candy manufacturer 
of that city; William H., who married Lena 
Miller and resides in Danville, where he as- 



240 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



sists his father in business; and .Maud, wife 
of Jerome Alaloy, of Pertli Amhoy, New 
Jersey. 

Mr. Bailey was again married, l-"ebru- 
ary 16, 1886, his second union being with 
Miss .\mie E. Ohver. wiio was born eight 
miles north of Danville, in Vermilion county, 
April 6, i860, a daughter of Bushrard and 
Melvina (Kritzer) Oliver. Her father was 
a native of Bourbon county, and her mother 
of Rainesville, Indiana, but they were mar- 
ried in Danville, Illinois. The father was a 
farmer by occupation, a Democrat in poli- 
tics and a member of the Christian church. 
He died on the 23d of May, 1894, but his 
wife is still living and now makes her home 
witJT our subject. In their family were six- 
teen children, of w'hom twelve are still living. 

Mr. Bailey is a prominent member of 
several civic societies, including the Grand 
Army of the Republic, the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, the Modern Woodmen 
of America, the Royal Neighbors and the 
Mutual Protection League. Politically he is 
identified with the Republican party and has 
taken a ver}' influential and prominent part 
in public affairs, having served as deputy 
sheriff at Dexter, Missouri, and as city mar- 
shal, councilman and mayor of Dexter. He 
is pre-eminently public-spirited and progres- 
sive and as faithfully discharges his duties 
of citizenship in times of peace as when he 
followed the old flag to victory on southern 
battle-fields. 



THOMAS \\OOLVERTON. 

Among the native sons of Vermilion 
county is numbered Thomas Woolverton 
and his life history sets at naught the old 
adage, that "a prophet is not without honor 
save in his own countrv." There is there- 



fore particular interest attaching to the sub- 
ject of this re\icw in his business career. 
He is a native son of the county where he 
has passed his active life and has so directed 
his ability and efforts as to gain recognition 
as one of the representative men of Hoopes- 
ton. He to-day is the owner of the Hoopes- 
ton machine shops, an enterprise of magni- 
tude and importance returning to the owner 
and proprietor a very desirable annual in- 
come. 

Mr. Woolverton was but thirteen years 
of age when he started out in life for him- 
self. His birth occurred in Grant town- 
ship in 1 85 1. His father. Colonel Abel 
W'oolverton, was commander of a regiment 
in the war of 181 2 and was a farmer by oc- 
cupation. He came of a family that lived 
near Cincinnati, Ohio, prior to the emigra- 
tion to Illinois. In the year 1S50, how- 
ever. Colonel W'oolverton sought a home in 
the Mississippi valley and located in Grant 
township, Vermilion county, settling on 
government land on the North Fork. He 
became one of the early settlers of the com- 
munity. He had finn faith in the future of 
this ]:)ortion of the state and he foretold the 
building of the two railroads which now 
cross the county. Colonel Woolverton se- 
cured a large tract of land in this locality 
and began the development of a farm. There 
were many wild animals here, including 
woKes, and among the wild game there 
were numbered deer, geese, brant and ducks. 
The mother of our subject died when he was 
but six years of age and the father afterward 
married ag"ain. Thomas Woolverton has 
one sister, i\Irs. Sophia J. Holmes, of 
Hoopeston, and one brother, Charles. 

At the time of his father's death, which 
occurred when he was thirteen years of 
age, Thomas Woolverton started out in life 
on his own account. He was but a bov, vet 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



241 



lie possessed courage and self-reliance and 
determined that he would win for himself a 
•creditable position in the business world. 
He herded cattle at an early day and en- 
. gaged in farm labor until his marriage, 
which occurred in 1871, Miss Eliza J. Fort- 
ner becoming his wife. The lady is a native 
of Indiana and her parents are both now de- 
ceased. By this marriage there are two liv- 
ing children, Mrs. Ed. R. Knox, whose hus- 
band is deputy circuit clerk in Danville, and 
N. G., a lawyer who is now in partnership 
with Charles A. Allen, of Hoopeston, and 
is serving as city attorney. 

For several years after his marriage Mr. 
Woolverton engaged in farming and was 
the owner of one hundred and sixty acres of 
valuable land, but after about six years he 
abandoned the plow and removed to 
Hoopeston, where he opened a meat market 
Avhich he conducted for six years. By going 
security he was forced to begin life anew. 
Eater he was elected township assessor and 
•constable and served in this office until about 
seventeen years ago when he began selling 
farm machinery in a small way. He has car- 
ried on this business with ever increasing 
success and he is now proprietor of the 
Hoopeston machine shops and does an ex- 
tensive business in McCormick harvesters, 
the Deere plows, buggies, wagons and har- 
ness ; in fact, he carries everything needed 
upon a farm in connection with its cultiva- 
tion. He has a machine shop and a general 
repair shop, forty by one hundred and twen- 
ty feet, and part of this is two stories in 
height. During the busy season he employs 
fifteen men in the shop and does all kinds of 
repair work from the repairing of a hammer 
to a threshing machine. His macine shop 
and implements are upon the west side of 
Bank street, the harness and buggv empor- 
ium on the east side, but these are near to- 



gether so that he gi\-es his personal super- 
\-ision to all branches of his business. He 
engages in the manufacture as well as the 
repairing of harness and also i^epairs bug- 
gies. The shop on the east side of the 
street is fifty by sixty feet and he also nas 
two stores wdiich he rents. The business has 
constantly grown in volume and importance 
until it is now the leading industrial and 
commercial concerns of the town and the 
owner has become one of the substantial 
residents of Hoopeston. Long since has he 
regained his lost possessions, pushing for- 
ward to continued success in the conduct of 
the enterprise which has proved to him a 
profitable one. 

In his political views J\Ir. Woolverton is 
a stalwart Republican and was appointed to 
fill the unexpired term of \V. R. Clark on 
the board of supervisors. At the next reg- 
ular election in 1894 he was elected to fill 
that office, which he has held continuously 
since, and bv re-election he is now serving 
for the fourth term and is one of the most 
prominent and \-alued members of the 
board. He has served as its chairman for 
t\\o different terms and is now chairman of 
the committee on buildings and grounds. 
For eight years he was justice of the peace 
in Grant township and was at one time a 
member of the city council of Hoopeston, 
filling the office before the city was divided 
into wards. No public trust reposed in him 
has ever been betrayed in the slightest degree 
and he has the entire confidence of his fel- 
low men concerning matters of importance 
to the city. Fraternally he is connected with 
the blue lodge of Masons, with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he 
has served as noble grand, with the Forest- 
ers and with the Modern Woodmen of 
America. He has a pleasant home at the 
corner of Bank and Penn streets and he 



242 



TtlE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



owns hall a block in tlie center of the town 
on wliich are located his Inisiness blocks. 
He was a resident of this place when the 
entire locality was covered with rosin- weed 
and milk-weed and prairie grasses grew in 
abundance. He herded cattle on the pres- 
ent site of Hoopeston, but as the years have 
passed he has witnessed great changes, a 
transfonnation being wrought which has 
contril)uted in a marked degree to the im- 
])ro\enien_t antl upbuilding of the eiuire com- 
munit}-. Mr. Woolverton possesses marked 
energy and keen perception. This enables 
him to form his plans readily and he never 
wavers in carrying them to a successful 
completion. His close application to busi- 
ness and his excellent managemeiU have 
b; ght to him the high degree of prosperity 
which is to-dav his. 



H. W. HARRIS. 



H. W. Harris is now living a retired 
life on his farm on section 15, Ross town- 
ship, five miles east of Rossville. Here he 
has a valuable property of two hundred and 
forty acres and thereon has made his home 
for forty-eight years. His residence in the 
county covers a longer period, however, for 
he arrived here in February, 1848. He was 
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. July 6, 
1827, and comes of a family of English an- 
cestry. Plis grandfather, Samuel Harris, 
settled in Alaryland at an early day and 
there Jesse Harris, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born on the 21st of July. 1800. 
In the city of his nativity he was reared and 
was there united in marriage to Lydia Ann 
Warner, whose birth occurred in Wilming- 
ton. Delaware. By trade he was a cooper 
and followed that pursuit througliout most 
of his active business life. In his later 



years, however, he became general agent for 
H. J. Williams, a prominent attorney of 
IMiiladelphia. In the year 1841 he left 
Pennsylvania and took up his aliode in Ross 
county, Ohio, where he resided for seven 
years, when he came to Illinois and here set- 
tled in Ross township, Vermilion county, 
spending his last years upon the home farm 
of his son, H. W. Harris. 

The last named was reared in Philadel- 
phia to the age of fourteen years and began 
his education in the public schools there. 
The remainder of his boyhood days were 
passed in Ohio upon his father's farm and 
in 1848 he came to Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois, where he began earning his own liv- 
ing by working as a farm hand by the 
month. In the fall, howe\'er, he returned to 
the Buckeye state, making the journey on 
horseback in order to vote for Zachary Tay- 
lor, casting his first ballot in that year. 
\\'hen his mission was accomplished he once 
more came to Illinois, where he worked on 
a farm until he decided to engage in agri- 
cultural pursuits on his own account and 
rented a tract of land. In the new work he 
prospered and when he hail acquired S(ime 
capital he purchased his present farm of 
one hundred and sixty acres in 1853. It 
was then a tract of raw prairie on which 
not a furrow had been turned or an im- 
provement made, but he broke it and fenced 
it and otherwise developed the pro])erty, 
luaking it a valuable tract of land, which 
returned to him golden liar\-ests in reward 
for the care and labor whicli he Ijestow^ed 
upon the fielils. .\s his financial resources 
increased he added to the farm and now 
within its boundaries there are two hun- 
dred and forty acres of good land. He 
erected a neat and substantial residence, 
also a large barn and other necessary out- 
buildins's. These were but a few of the im- 




H. W. HARRIS. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



245 



pro\enients which he made. He planted an 
orcliard, tiled his tields and divided the 
farm by well kept fences. He also raised 
good stock and although he came to Ver- 
milion county a poor man he gradually 
worked his way up\vard until he gained a 
place among the substantial residents of the 
county. 

Air. Han"is has been twice married. In 
Indiana in 1853, he wedded Nancy Clark, 
who died in 1864. leaving five children: H. 
P., who is married and li\-es near Wichita, 
Kansas; Emma, the wife of Walter Wood, 
of Hoopeston ; Isabella, the wife of Chris- 
topher Fred, of Fulton, Indiana; Edwin 
Stanton, who is married and follows farm- 
ing in Oklahoma; and Olive, who married 
George Holtz, of Ross township. After the 
death of his first wife Mr. Harris wedded 
Mary Money, a native of Kentucky, who, 
when a young lady, came to this county 
and on the 22d of June, 1865, gave her hand 
in marriage to Mr. Harris. There are six 
children of this marriage: Salome J., the 
wife of Charley W. Smith; Lydia A. ; Jose- 
phine; John; Minnie, the wife of Albert 
Statzell, of Williamsport, Indiana : and 
Jesse S., who with John assist? in the opera- 
tion of the home farm. 

Politically Mr. Harris was originally a 
Whig and joined the ranks of the Republi- 
can party upon its organization. He voted 
for John C. Fremont in 1856 and has never 
failed to cast his ballot for each presidential 
nominee of the party since that time. He 
first voted for Taylor in 1848. In 1875 he 
was appointed to the position of school 
treasurer and was elected and re-elected to 
the otilice until he served for tw^enty-seven 
consecutive years. He has also been a del- 
egate to numerous count\' conventions of 
his party. I-^rom pioneer times down to the 

present he has watched the growth and de- 
11 



velopment of Vermilion county, having seen 
a swampy land reclaimed for purposes of 
civilization by tiling and cultivation and 
modern farming methods have been intro- 
duced and carried on until the country has 
been made to bloom and blossom as the 
rose. The work of progress has also been 
instituted in this city and Mr. Flarris feels 
a just pride in wdiat has been accomplished 
here. He is now a venerable man of seven- 
ty-fi\-e years, receiving the respect and hon- 
or which should e\er be accorded one who 
has advanced far on life's journe\'. 



A. WARD. 



Eighty acres of good farming- land on 
section i, (jcorgetown township, constitutes 
the farm of A. Ward, who is there carrying 
on general agricultural pursuits and stock- 
raising. He has resided in Vermilion cmin- 
ty since 1871 and is a native of Switzerland 
county, Indiana, born on the 5th of January, 
1833. His parents were Bennett and Nancy 
(Boggs) Ward, the former a native of 
North Carolina and the latter of Kentucky. 
In an early day the father removed to Indi- 
ana, where he lived for a number of years. 
He afterward spent a few years in Missouri 
and while there his wife died. Subsequent- 
ly he retmmed to Vermilion county, Illinois, 
making his home with the subject of this re- 
vlew until his death, which occurred on the 
3d of July, 1 88 1. 

A. Ward is the only one of the children 
born unto his parents now residing in \'er- 
milion county. He pursued his education 
in the district schools of Delaware county, 
Indiana. He settled upon a farm there, 
making it his place of abode until 1871, 
when he came to this county. In 1875 he 



246 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



bought his present farm on section i, 
Georgetown township. Throughout his en- 
tire lite he has carried on the occupation to 
wliich he was reared and in his farming 
methods is progressive, keeping in toucli 
with tlie best methods of cuhivating the soil 
and caring for stock which are in vogue at 
the present day. When he located here the 
land was all covered with timber, but he 
cleared this and has placed his fields under 
a high state of cultivation. His farm is to- 
day well improved with modern equipments 
and he is successfully carrying on general 
farm work and stock-raising. 

Mr. Ward was first married while liv- 
ing in Delaware county, Indiana, to Miss 
Phoebe Edginton, a nati\e of Ohio. Her 
father removed to Delaware county, Indi- 
ana, at an early day and there died. Mrs. 
W'ard passed away at her home in this coun- 
tv in 1877. Of seven children born of that 
marriage five are yet living: Alonzo, who 
resides in Kansas; Wilson, who married 
Maggie Rogers and is living in INIead coun- 
ty. Kansas; Franklin, who resides at home 
with our subject; Grant, who wedded Mar}- 
Rosenbarger and is living in Veedersburg, 
Indiana; and Cooley, who married Maude 
Man ley and resides in Georgetown, where 
he is conducting the Rival Restaurant. 
Those deceased are Mary, Amanda and Cal- 
vin. After the death of his first wife Mr. 
Ward was again married, his second union 
being with Mary J. Estes, a native of El- 
wood township, Vemiilion county, born in 
October, 1845. Her parents, Laborin and 
Polly (Chambers) Estes, were very early 
settlers of this county, coniing to Illinois 
from North Carolina and here they spent 
their remaining days. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. \\'ard Imld member- 
sliip in the Christian church of Georgetown 
township and are faithful to its teachings 



and principles. He has always \((ted with 
the Democracy but has ne\er Ijeen an office 
seeker. His life has been one of untiring 
industry and since coming to Vermilion 
county he has accomplished a great amount 
of work, in clearing his land, preparing it 
for the plow and placing it under the higli 
state of cultivation in which it is to-day 
found. 



ROBERT PIOLMES. 

The story of a successful career is al- 
ways a matter of interest and althougli jeal- 
ousy is sometimes manifest the great major- 
ity rejoice in advancement, especially when 
one has risen to prominence and success from 
a humble financial position. This Robert 
Holmes has done and to-day he is controlling 
one of the most extensive and important 
industrial enterprises of \''ermilion county. 
He was born in Sandusky, Ohio, December 
25, 1858, and is a son of William and Re- 
becca (Thomas) Holmes, the former a na- 
ti\e of New Castle, Delaware, and the latter 
of \\'ales. They were married in Sandusky 
and a year later located in Marion, Ohio. 
The father was a machinist by trade and 
conducted a shop there, making that place 
his home until his death, which occurred on 
the i8th of December, 1872. His political 
support was given the Republican party and 
he was e\er a progressive and loyal citizen. 
His wife died March 18, 1899. In their 
family were five sons and four daughters, 
of whom three sons and three daughters are 
yet living, Robert being the eldest. Grant, 
a ])artner of our subject, now conducts a 
machine shop and makes his home in Dan- 
ville. Sherman is engaged in gold mining 
in Dutch Guiana, South America, and is 
also a partner of the firm of Robert Holmes 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



247 



& Brothers, incorporated. Mary is the wife 
of Dr. \V. H. Snaveley, a resident of Seff- 
ner, Florida. Mattie is the wife of J. A. 
Johnson, who is living in Thomotosassa. 
Florida; and Hattie is the wife of Howard 
Bolander, of Marion, Ohio. 

Robert Holmes began his education in 
the schools of Marion and afterward 
worked in machine shops there. Owing to 
his father's early death he was forced to be- 
gin work when only thirteen years of age 
and was there employed until he had at- 
tained his majority. In 1880 he came to 
Danville and secured a position as a ma- 
chinist in the Chicago and Eastern Illinois 
Railroad shops, where he remained for si.x 
months. He then accepted the agency of 
the Huber engine and thresher which is 
manufactured in Marion. He established an 
agency in this city in partnership with P. T. 
Baker and conducted the business with suc- 
<:ess for ten years, when his partner sold out 
to W. W. Kent and the latter relation was 
maintained for a year. Mr. Holmes then 
purchased his partner's interest and in- 
creased the business, extending its scope. In 
1893 his brothers removed to Danville and 
he became a partner in the business. It was 
then that the firm established a machine shop 
at Nos. 30 and 36 North Hazel street. 
Since then the business has constantly 
grown and they now occupy not only the 
machine shop space but also a building one 
hundred and twenty by one hundred and 
fifty feet, extending from No. 49 to No. 53 
North Hazel street. It is in this building 
that the main offices are located. The firm 
of Robert Holmes & Brothers employs more 
than fifty workmen in the machine shops. 
They make a specialty of locomotive bell 
ringers and air compressors and also of the 
manufacture of shaker screens for coal min- 
ers. They do a big business in mill and mine 



machine-repairing and sell everything in the 
Une of farm machinery and also "everything 
on wheels," as their advertisement reads. 
This includes all kinds of vehicles, makins: a 
specialty of high grade automobiles. The 
output of the house is now very extensive 
and the business has reached large and prof- 
itable proportions. 

In his political views Mr. Holmes is a 
Republican, but has never sought or de- 
sired office and in fact has always refused 
to become a candidate for political prefer- 
ment, although as a private citizen he is ever 
true to the welfare of his city, state and na- 
tion and is deeply interested in the success 
of party principles. He belongs to Damas- 
cus Lodge, K. P., and to the Danville Lodge 
of Elks. Coming to this city without cap- 
ital, accepting a position as an employe, he 
stands to-day as a worthy representative of 
what may be accomplished through earnest 
effort combined with a thorough knowledge 
of the business undertaken, capable manage- 
ment in its control and honorable dealings 
in the relations with the public. 



M. t. PORTERFIELD. 

M. F. Porterfield, a representative of the 
banking interests of Vermilion county now, 
owning and conducting the Porterfield Bank 
at Fairmount, was born in Pennsylvania, on 
the 17th of February, 1849. His parents, 
James B. and Elvira H. (Blaine) Porter- 
field, were also natives of the Keystone state. 
The father was a tanner and harness-maker 
and in the year 1856 came westward with 
his family, first settling in Monmouth, War- 
ren county, Illinois, where he remained for 
a year. He then removed to Champaign and 
became a contractor for the Illinois Central 



24i$ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Railroad Company, making his lionie in tiiat 
place until the fall of 1862. He next set- 
tled upon a farm near Sidney, this state, and 
later he retired from active life, spending his 
last years in the town of Sidney. There he 
died in February. 1891, and his wife passed 
away in 1895. In their family were six sons 
and three daughters, all of wIkmh are yet 
living, namely: Al. V., of this review; 
Mary B.. who is living in Sidney; E. N., 
who is engaged in the real estate and loan 
business at Kearney, Nebraska; S. E.. who 
is engaged in the grain business with his 
youngest brother. J. Bert, at Sidney; J. C, 
who is employed in the veterinary depart- 
ment of the Union Stock Yards of Chica- 
go; Carrie F., the wife of Charles J. Free- 
man, a resident of Decatur; L. W., who is 
engaged in the grain trade in Champaign ; 
and Nettie, the wife of John F. Largent. a 
lawyer of Salt Lake City, Utah. 

M. F. Forterfield pursued his early edu- 
cation in the public schools near Sidney and 
later continued his literary course in the 
State University of Illinois, at Urbana, 
while he jircpared for business life in a com- 
mercial college. He was one of the orignial 
students of the State University, entering 
in the winter of 1869-70. After putting 
aside his text books he lived upon the farm 
witli liis father until 1873, when lie i)ur- 
chased a tract of land .southeast of Sidney 
and began farming on his own account, 
there carrying on agricultural pursuits un- 
til 1891. In that year he came to h'ainnount 
and established the Forterfield Bank, which 
he is now conducting. It is a private bank- 
ing institutiiin, well meriting public support 
because of the ca]jability and enterprise of 
the owner. Mr. Forterfield also owns the 
bank building and other business blocks in 
l"airni(innt and an elegant residence which 
is the faniih' home. 



On the ist of January. 1885. near Fhilo, 
Illinois, Mr. Forterfield was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Belle J. Cole, who was torn 
in W'orthington, Massachusetts, August 5, 
1861. a daughter of Charles ]•'. and Maria J. 
( Fease) Cole, who were likewise natives of 
the Bay State. In the year 1S63 they came 
west, locating near Philo, Champaign coun- 
ty. ui)on .'1 farm. There the father died in 
1898 but the mother is still !i\-ing. In their 
familv were three sons and four daughters, 
but one son and one daughter have now 
passed away. The home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Forterfield has been blessed with three chil- 
dren : N. Raymond. N. Mildred and Wil- 
lard B. 

Mr. Forterfield is a member of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen Camp and of the Court of 
Honor and he belongs to the Cumberland 
I'rcslivterian church. His father was a 
Whig and upon attaining his majority Mr. 
Forterfield becariie a Republican, having 
since given earnest and loyal support to the 
]iart\'. While there has been nothing e.xcit- 
ing or adventuresome in his business career, 
the history of his success is one of interest, 
because it shows what can be accomplished 
when one has strong deternfination and 
laudable ambitic^n. guided by sound judg- 
ment. The.se are the (|ualities which have 
gained success to I'airniounl's popular 
banker, making him a jirosperous citizen of 
\'ernnlion countv. 



ABRAM B. SMITH. 

-\bram B. Smith, a retired farmer of 
Danville, was born in eastern Tennessee on 
Christmas Day. 1817. He is a son of Jos- 
eph and Sarah (lirown) .Siuith. Ixith of 
whom were natises of eastern Tennessee. 




A. B. SMITH. 




MRS. A. B. SMITH. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



253 



and resided tliere until 1828, when they 
came to \'ermiiion county. lUinois, casting 
in their lot with its iirst settlers. Only ten 
years before had the state been admitted to 
the Union and this portion of Illinois was 
largely wild and unimproved, awaiting the 
awakening touch of the white race to trans- 
form it into one of the richest agricultural, 
industrial and commercial sections of this 
great commonwealth. Joseph Smith took 
up his abode in Georgetown township, 
turned his attention to agricultural pursuits 
and improved a good farm, upon which he 
made his home until called to his final rest 
at the age of seventy-three years. His wife 
has also passed away. They were the par- 
ents of thirteen children, of whom five are 
now living: Eliza, the widow of William 
Gantz and a resident of Georgetown town- 
ship; Abram B., of this review: Amanda, 
the wife of Andrew Runnells. of George- 
town township; Michael E., who is engaged 
in selling farm implements in Brockstown, 
Illinois; and Catherine, the wife of Adam 
Kyger, of Missoiu'i. The others were all 
reared here and most of them died in Ver- 
milion county. 

Like the other members of the family 
Abram B. Smith pursued a common-school 
education, the schoolhouse being five miles 
from his home. He was only eleven years 
of age when with his parents he came to 
Vermilion county. In 1841 he settled on a 
farm in Georgetown township, where he 
lived until his removal to Danville, devot- 
ing his energies to the tilling of the soil. 
He married Eliza E. Lockett. a native of 
^^irginia and a daughter of Richard Lock- 
ett, who was one of the early settlers of 
Georgetown township and of Dan\-ille. 
Throughout his entire life Mr. Lockett car- 
ried on agricultural pursuits and in early 
davs he also conducted a grist mill in Dan- 



ville township. His death occurred in 
Georgetown. 

For many years Mr. and Mrs. Smith 
traveled life's journey together and were 
then separated by the death of the wife, 
which occurred December 6, 1898, while she 
was on a \'isit to a cousin in Chicag'o. Unto 
them were born nine children but Lockett 
R.. Sarah J., Dora E. and Mary Alice are 
all deceased and buried in the McKindree 
cemetery. David A. is engaged in farming 
in Georgetown township. Matilda A. is the 
wife of Hiram W. Ross, a resident of Dan- 
\-ille. Joseph H. is a farmer of Edgar coun- 
ty. Illinois. Tilmon C. is engaged in the 
practice of law in Danville. Charles New- 
ton was born in Georgetown township. Jan- 
uary 25, i860, and frcini the common 
schools of his native county he entered the 
State Normal School at Normal, Illinois, 
graduating from that institution in the class 
of 1882. Choosing the profession of medi- 
cine as a life work, he then matriculated at 
Rush Medical College of Chicago and was 
graduated with the class of 1885. For two 
years he successfully engaged in practice at 
Homer, Illinois, but on account of failing 
health he was compelled to give up the prac- 
tice and is now living retired in Dan\ille. 
•He married Miss Mary L. Walker, a daugh- 
ter of George Walker, deceased, who was an 
early settler and prominent citizen of Taze- 
well ciiunty, Illinois. 

After his marriage Abram B. Smith en- 
gaged in farming in Georgetown township 
until his removal to Danville. He took up 
his abode here on the 4tli of August, 1899, 
and has since lived retired, occupying a 
pleasant home at No. 509 Buchanan street. 
He also owns a house on Jackson street, 
another on Park street, and has two houses 
and lots in Homer, Illinois. He is likewise 
the owner of three hundred and forty acres 



254 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



of land in Georgetown township and the 
rental of his property brings him a good in- 
come. His success in life was due entirely 
to his own labor and diligence, together 
with the assistance of his estimable wife. 
By their frugality they became the owners 
of six hundred and sixty acres of choice 
land in \'ermilion county, a part of which 
has since been divided among his cliildren, 
though Mr. Smith still retains the old home- 
stead of three hundred and forty acres. 

While residing upon his farm he served 
as school director but has never been an 
off'ce seeker, his farming and stock-raising 
interests leaving him no time for political 
work. In early life he was a Whig, al- 
though his father was a Democrat. He cast 
his first presidential vote for William Henry 
Harrison and after the dissolution of the 
Whig party became independent. He holds 
membership in the ^lethodist Episcopal 
church of Georgetown township and is one 
of the leading retired citizens of Danville. 

For seventy-four years Mr. Smith has 
resided in \'ermilion county and its history 
is therefore familiar to him. He has been 
an eye witness of almost its entire growth 
and development ; has seen its wild lands 
claimed for farming purposes and de\-el- 
oped into very rich and ]iroductive tracts; 
has seen the county crossed by a network of 
railroads so that it is supplied with splendid 
transportation facilities ; has seen hamlets 
grow into thrixing towns and villages, 
while Danville lias developed from a little 
country crossroads into a city of metropoli- 
tan proportions. Throughout all these 
years Mr. Smith has followed the even ten- 
or of his way as a farmer, yet has kept in 
touch with the general progress and im- 
provement, has kept informed concerning 
the leading questions of the day, and at all 
times he has been loyal and true to the best 



interests of his community, so that he well 
deserves representation in this volume as 
one of the representati\e men of Vermilion 
county. 



D. BYRON HAGGARD. 

Through the years of his identification 
with the business interests of Danville D. 
Byron Haggard enjoyed the highest respect 
of his fellow townsmen by reason of his 
strict integrity and sterling worth, and in his 
death the community realized that it had 
lost a valued citizen. He was Ijorn in Lo- 
gansport. Indiana, on the 6th of December, 
1839, a son of John and Cynthia Haggard, 
of that state. His father was a tinner by 
trade and for some time conducted a hartl- 
ware store in Logansport. Both he and his 
wife died in Kokomo, Indiana. 

During his boyhood David Haggard had 
only the advantages of a common-school ed- 
ucation but by reading and observation in 
subsequent years be became a well informed 
man. In 1858 he received the offer of a po- 
sition in the dry -goods store of IMr. Moore, 
of Danville, who had formerly been a resi- 
dent of Lafayette, Indiana, and with whom 
Mr. Haggard had prexiously been ac- 
quainted. Accepting the office he came to 
Danville that year and engaged in clerking 
for a few years or until Mr. Moore sold out. 
He then formed a partnership with a Mr. 
Miller, under the firm name of Miller & 
Haggard, and they embarked in the retail 
boot and shoe business, which thev carried 
on quite successfully until their store was 
destroyed by fire in 1861. With character- 
istic energy they then rented a small room on 
Vermilion street and put in a stock of boots 
and shoes. Prospering in their business 
they subsequently removed to more commo- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



255 



dious quarters in order to meet the growing 
demands of their trade. The partnership be- 
tween Mr. Miller and Mr. Haggard was of 
comparatively short duration and after it 
was dissolved our subject was alone in busi- 
ness throughout the remainder of his life. 
His brother Edward, who was a shoemaker 
by trade, worked for him in the store until 
the Civil war broke out, when he entered 
the L'nion army and died in Andersonville 
prison. They were the only members of the 
family to come to this county. 

In April, 1859, Mr. Haggard was united 
in marriage to Aliss Charlotte Creamer, who 
was born in Champaign county. Ohio, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1840. Her parents, Moses and 
Margaret (Reed) Creamer, were natives of 
Ohio and Pennsylvania, respectively, and 
the father spent his entire life in the Buck- 
eye state, where he died when Mrs. Haggard 
^vas quite young. Her mother subsequently 
married John Moftltt. now deceased, and 
his death occurred in December, 1901. 
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Haggard were born five 
children : Minnie, a graduate of the Dan- 
ville high school, is now a teacher in the 
public schools of the city and resides at home 
with her mother. Carrie is the wife of John 
Elwood, a civil engineer living in Chicago. 
Ella is the wife of Charles Harmstead, who 
is a dealer in harness, buggies, etc., in Ur- 
bana, Ohio. Grace is the wife of George 
Rearick, a prominent attorney of Danville. 
Royal, the only son, died at the age of two 
years. 

Mr. Haggard continued in active busi- 
ness until a few months prior to his death, 
which occurred on the 7th of December, 
1872, and he was one of the leading shoe 
merchants of the city. He was what the 
world terms a self-made man, for all that 
he had was obtained through his own well 
directed efforts. He began business in Dan- 



ville on capital borrowed from his father and 
his partner, Mr. Miller, but he was soon able 
to pay off this. By untiring industiy, strict 
attention to his business affairs and sound 
judgment he met with well merited success 
in his undertakings and won an enviable po- 
sition in business circles. By his ballot he 
usually supported the men and measures of 
the Republican party, but he never cared for 
otificial honors. Socially he was a worthy 
member of the Masonic order in Danville. 
His widow still makes her home in Danville, 
occupying a pleasant residence at No. 312 
North Hazel street, where she antl her hus- 
band lived for a numlaer of years, and she 
also owns other valuable property in the 
same locality. She is an earnest member of 
the First Methodist Episcopal church of the 
city, and is a most estimable lady of many 
sterling qualities, who has a large circle of 
friends in Danville. 



JOHN W. KEESLAR. 

John W. Keeslar, who is filling the po- 
sition of states attorney in Danville, having 
been elected to the office in 1900, for a term 
of four years, is one of Vermilion county's 
native sons, his birth having occurred on the 
24th of August, 1864. His parents were 
Charles W. and Sarah (Snyder) Keeslar, 
natives of New York and Ohio respectively. 
The maternal grandfather, also a native of 
the Buckeye state, emigrated westward 
with his family in 1849 and estab- 
lished his home in Pilot township, Ver- 
milion county. The father of our sub- 
ject settled in the same township in 1858 
and is li\'ing a retired life there, after many 
years' connection with agricultural pursuits. 
He has also been prominent in public affairs 



2s6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



and from 1878 until 1885 he filled the office 
of chairman of the board of super\isors. 

No event of special importance occurre<I 
to vary the routine of farm life for John \\ . 
Keeslar in his youth. He became a student 
in tile pulilic schools and later continued his 
studies in the University of Illinois, as a 
pupil in the law department of the Illinois 
Wesleyan University of Eloomington ancl 
on the completion of his course he was 
graduated in the class of 1888 and was ad- 
mitted to practice in Dan\ille in 1889. He 
continued in ])raclice until 1899 and formed 
a partnership in that year. In 1900 he was 
elected states attorney. In this office he 
was elected in 1900 as States Attorney. In 
this office he is displaying conscientious re- 
gard for duty and tor the welfare of the com- 
munity. During his term in office he has 
sent more people to the penitentiary than 
from any other county outside of Cook. In 
the prosecution of cases which come to him 
he is diligent and persevering, entering the 
courtroom well jirepared by reason of pre- 
vious study and investigation of the authori- 
ties and percedents bearing on the points in. 
contro\'ersy. While a young man the pub- 
lic and the profession have confidence in his 
ability, because of his native talents, his 
strong indi\idu;ility and an earnest desire 
to succeed, which is manifested in liis wi rk 
in the courtroom. 

In 1 89 1 Mr. Keeslar was united in mar- 
riage to Miss I'"ri"ie Sandusky, a daughter of 
J. C. and Mary J. Sandusky, of Vance town- 
ship. \'crmilion county. Their home is now 
brightened by the jiresence of an interesting 
daughter, Nellie. Mr. Keeslar belongs to 
the Masonic lodge, to the Knights of Pythias 
fraternity, to the Court of Honor and to the 
Modern Woodnian Cam]) of Dan\illc. but 
while he enjoys social life and its pleasures 
and has the bish retrard of manv friends he 



lets no outside inlluence or attractions 
swerve him from the faithful performance 
of his duty. His preparation of cases is 
slKirough and he seems almost intuili\cly to 
grasp the strong points of law, in fact no 
detail seems to escape him and his cases are 
fought with such skill, ability and power 
that he rarely fails to gain the verdict de- 
sired. 



JOSI.\H SANDUSKY. 

Progress and impnn-ement depend upon 
labor and energy, and the upbuilding of 
\'ermilion county was due to the aggregate 
endeavor of men of strong determination, 
unilagging diligence and honorable purpose. 
.\mong this class was numbered Josiah San- 
dusky, who for many years was actively and 
])ron'inently engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. He was a man whose business record 
was unassailable because he did not take ad- 
\antage of the necessities of his fellow men, 
but in the legitimate chamiels of trade 
gained the competence which ultim.ately 
crowned his efforts. 

Mr. Sandusky was born in Carroll 
townshi]), this county, on the iith of Se])- 
tember, 1837, a son of Abraham and Jane 
.Sodowsky. The Sodowsky family was 
founded in .America by James Sodowsky, a 
Polish exile of noble birth, proud spirit and 
lofty patriotism. When his love of lilierty 
could no longer tolerate the despotic rule 
of Russia, he became the leader in a rebel- 
linn against the czar, and when defeated, but 
not subdued, he came to America — "the 
land of the free and the home of the brave." 
Later he married the sister of Governor In- 
sli]i. of the colony of Virginia, and among 
their descendants was Harvey Sodowsky, a 
brother of the subject of this review. In 




^JOSIAH C^AMP,! iC|/ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



259 



the course of years representatives of the 
family changed the spelHng of the name, in- 
cluding the brothers of dur sul)ject. Two 
of these brothers, William and -\braham 
Sandusky, are now prominent farmers andi 
stockmen of Carroll township, Vermilion 
county. Harvey Sodowsky, however, re- 
tained the ancestral spelling of the family 
name. 

The spirit which led James Sodowsky, 
the emigrant, lirst to fight for liberty and 
then come to .America has been manifest in 
his descendants throughout succeeding 
generations. It was sh(nvn by the Sodow- 
skys who fought for the liberty of the colo- 
nists of the new world, and how their hearts 
must hri\e rejiiiced at the glorious outcome 
of the struggle; it was again shown I>y gal- 
lant soldiers of the name in the war of 
1812: and in the subjugation of the western 
wilderness they bore a part. Daniel Boone 
opened the gates of Kentucky and soon he 
was followed into "the dark and bloody" 
region by the grandfather of our subject, 
who settled there just after the close of the 
Re\'ohitionary war. Abraham Sandusky, 
the father, was born in that state and mar- 
ried Jane McDowell, by whom he had eight 
children, of whom Josiah Sandu.sky was the 
youngest. As will be seen some of the mem- 
bers of the family have anglicized the spell- 
ing of tlie old Polish name, while others 
ha\-e retained the original orthography. 

Josiah Sandusky obtained his education 
in the district schools in early youth and 
through reading, observation and experi- 
ence in later years. He became an extreme- 
ly well informed man for he not only read 
broadly but mastered what he read and pos- 
sessed a retentive memoiy. As the years 
passed he gathered a large and well selected 
library with the contents of which he be- 



came very familiar and many of his most 
pleasant hours were spent in the compan- 
ionship of his books. Throughout his busi- 
ness career he carried on general farming 
and stock-raising. He remained at home 
until his father's death, which occurred 
when the son was about twenty^five years of 
age. After this he entered into partnership 
with his brother Aljraham, which connec- 
tion was continued for many years. From 
his father he inherited some land but to this 
he added from time to time until at his 
death he was the possessor of about one 
thousand acres of valuable land in eastern 
lllini.iis. He became one of the best known 
cattle men of the state and at the time of his 
demise possessed one of the largest herd of 
di'.chess cattle in the world. Stock dealers 
would come from all parts of the United 
States and Canada and buy of him, and he 
was also one of the leading breeders of fast 
horses, both running and trotting stock. At 
the sale which was held subsequent to his 
death his horses brought about five thou- 
san<l dollars, while the sale of cattle re- 
turned to the family ten thousand and seven 
hundred dollars. Mr. Sandusky did much 
t(_) improve the grade of stock raised in this 
portion of the state and thereby materially 
advanced prices, thus his labors proving of 
benefit to the entire locality. In the man- 
agement of his alTairs he was careful, syste- 
matic and methodical and above all he was 
strictly honest in every trade transaction, 
lie became one of the owners of the Indian- 
ola Fair Association and he did e\'erything 
in his power to promote the interests of ag- 
riculturists. 

Mr. Sandusky was united in marriage 
on the i8th of December, 1873, to Miss 
Margaret Moreland, a native of Bourbon 
county, Kentucky, and a daughter of 



26o 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Thomas and Catherine T. (Hedges) More- 
land, who were also natives of Kentucky. 
On the paternal side Mrs. Sandusky is of 
Scotch-Irish descent. Her great-grand- 
father, William Moreland, came to Penn- 
sylvania before the Revolutionary war and 
it was his son William who removed to 
Kentucky and in that state married Marga- 
ret Whaley. There he lived at the town of 
Morelandville. in Fayette county, about 
twelve miles from Lexington on the Paris 
and Lexington pike. The village was 
named in his honor and the Masonic lodge 
at that place also bears his name. William 
Moreland and his wile were the parents of 
three sons and a daughter, of whom 
Thomas }Joreland, the father of Mrs. San- 
dusky, was the third in order of birth. 
Thomas Aloreland engaged in breeding and 
dealing in fine horses in Kentucky and when 
his health gave way he came to Illinois, 
hoping here to regain his strength. He set- 
tled in Carroll township, Vermilion county, 
in 1857, but died in 1864. In Bourbon 
county he had married Miss Catherine T. 
Hedges, a daughter of Peter Hedges, a na- 
tive of \^irginia. The Hedges family was 
connected with the nobility of England, be- 
ing descended from Sir Charles Hedges, 
who was promine'nt at the court of Queen 
Elizabeth. The first of che name to come to 
America was Joseph Hedges, who was dis- 
inherited by his father for marrying out- 
side of the nobility, Init he was true to the 
woman \\bom he loved ;nul wedded, a mer- 
chant's daughter. He then brought his 
bride to the new world, settling with the 
Virginia colony at Jamestown. Thomas 
Moreland and his wife became the parents 
of nine children, of whom si.x are now liv- 
ing: Susan .M., the widow of Josiah San- 
duskv: I-"annie 7... who makes her home 



with her elder sister; William H., a resi- 
dent of Paris, Illinois; Peter H., of Indian- 
ola ; John T., of Marshall, Missouri; ajid 
Kate, the wife of Charles Cooper, of Green- 
castle, Indiana. Mr. Moreland died in Jan- 
uary, 1864, and his widow, long surviving 
him, passed away in August, 1897, at the 
age of sixt}-ninc years. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Sandusky 
was blessed with fi\e children, but the first 
born, a daughter, died in infancy, and the 
third, a son also died in infancy. Pearl, the 
second child, is the wife of Forrest Pyne, 
of Los Angeles, California, whom she mar- 
ried on the 29th of October, 1902. Abe 
1 1. and Will J. are at home with their moth- 
er and the latter is attending school in In- 
dianola. 

Josiah Sandusky was a home man and 
was ba])piest when he had his family 
around him. In politics he was a Republi- 
can, but never consented to hold office, pre- 
ferring to de\-ote his energies to his busi- 
ness atYairs and to the enjoyment of the 
I)leasures of the home circle. He passed 
awav Fcbruar\' 13, KjiOI, and was laid to 
rest in tlie Sandusky cemetery in Carroll 
township. The life record of Mr. Sandusky 
covered niore than sixty- two years and his 
history is that of an upright, honoraiile man 
who a!wa}s li\ed at peace with his neigh- 
bors and was trustworthy in all life's rela- 
tions and who enjoyed the un(|nalified con- 
fidence and regard of those with whom he 
was associated. Tlie companionship be- 
tween himself and liis wife was largely 
ideal, their mutual lo\e and confidence in- 
creasing as the years passed liy. He found 
in her a faithful and devoted companion 
and helpmate and was to her a loving and 
considerate liusband. He also gave to them 
a name untarnished b\- anv unwortbv act. 



1 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



261 



GEORGE F. COBURN. 

George F. Coburn, who is a practitioner 
at the VenniHon county bar and makes his 
home in Danville, was born in Brown coun- 
ty, Ohio, December 29, 1841, his parents 
being Francis D. and Nancy (Daulton) Co- 
burn. The father w^as a native of New 
Hampshire, and a son of Jerah Meel Col- 
burn. In colonial days the family name was 
spelled with an "1," but in recent years that 
letter has been dropped from the surname. 
The paternal grandfather of our subject was 
a Revolutionary soldier who fought for the 
independence of the nation, when the yoke 
of British oppression became intolerable. 
He served in the battle of Bunker Hill and 
Concord and was present at the surrender 
of Burgoyne. He \\as a native of Massa- 
chusetts and after the establishment of the 
Republic he reuKn-ed from that state to New 
Hampshire and later to Maine, settling near 
Paris about 1800. In 181 1 he started over- 
land for the new and wild district of the 
west and in 1812 he took up his abode near 
I\Ja}sville, Kentucky, where he spent his re- 
maining days, passing away about 1820, 
when seventy-five years of age, his remains 
being interred in the Maysville cemetery. 
He married Miss Davis, who was born on 
the island of Nantucket and died about 
1823, when seventy-five years of age. 

In his early youth Francis D. Coburn ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to 
the south. In the spring of 1844 he became 
a resident of Vermilion county, locating in 
the southern portion of Danville townsliip, 
where he lived until called to his final rest. 
Flis second wife died May 4, 1847, ^t the age 
of thirty-two years, having been born Au- 
gust 5, 1814. She passed away when the 
subject of this review was only six years of 
age, leaving four children : Lucy, deceased 



wife of Henry T. Kyg'er; Henry; George 
Francis ; and John, now deceased. After 
the death of his first wife Francis D. Coburn 
was united in marriage to Cynthia (Bock) 
Morgan, a daughter of Achilles Morgan, one 
of the pioneer settlers of Vermilion coun- 
ty. Illinois, who died at the house of Mr. Co- 
burn, the father of our subject, on the 20th 
of January, i860, when he had attained the 
age of eig-hty-seven years, six months and 
eleven days. The third marriage of Francis 
D. Coburn occurred in January, 1848, at 
which time both he and his wife were fifty 
years of age. He followed farming through- 
out his business career and was an enterpris- 
ing and progressive agriculturist. He kept 
everything about his place in a neat and 
thrifty condition and was also a prominent 
Mason, a well read man and a gentleman of 
excellent judgment, whose sterling worth 
commended him to the confidence and re- 
gard of all with whom he came in contact. 
His third wife died August 28, 1882, at the 
age of eighty-four years, nine months and 
eleven days. She was an excellent Chris- 
tian woman and a devoted mother to her 
step-children. During the last five years of 
her life she was blind but she bore her afflic- 
tion with Christian fortitude and patience. 
The sick of the neighborhood found her 
verv helpful and her sympathy was broad 
and her charity generous. While she was 
unfaltering in her condemnation of wrong 
she was always quick and willing to aid one 
who had stepped from the path of rectitude 
to return to a course that would command 
respect and confidence. With her husband, 
George Bock, she came from West X'irginia, 
locating in \"ermilion county in 1830. From 
that time until her death she remained an es- 
teemed resident of this portion of the state. 
It was in the year 1843 that George F. 
Coburn was brought by his parents to Ver- 



262 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



milion county, Illinois. U])on tlie home 
farm he was reared and at an early day he 
became accustomed to the tasks of field and 
meadow. Jn the winter nnjnths lie attendc<l 
the common schools, hut during" the summer 
seasons he worked upon the lumie farm from 
the ag'e of ten years. When a youn<^ man of 
nineteen years he began teaching in the 
country schools and was quite successful in 
that work. While thus engaged he devotetl 
his lei.sure hours to the reading of law, mas- 
tering Blackstone in that way. Through 
five seasons, beginning in 1861. he continued 
his work as an educator in the schoolroom 
and during one summer he also taught. In 
i860, when twenty-four years of age he he- 
came a law student in the office of Judge O. 
I-. ]')avis, who directed his studies until. 
having acquired a good knowledge of tlie 
principles of jurisprudence and the methods 
of legal procedure, he was admitted to the 
Vermilion county bar. in March. \X(ij. The 
following summer he opened a law office and 
continued an active practitioner at the Ver- 
milion county bar until the spring of i88g, 
with the exception of the year 18-1, when, 
owing to his father's illness, he was ol)liged 
to return to the farm, remaining there tor 
aboiu a year. Jn 1872, however, he again 
opened his office in Danville. He was 
elected justice of the peace here and served 
for three terms in a capable manner, with 
credit to himself and satisfactiim td his con- 
stituents. He retired from that position in 
1 90 1 and then resumed the private practice 
of law, which he has successfully continued. 
During his serx'ices as justice there came be 
fore him seventv-seven hundred and tliirty- 
one civil cases and thirteen hundred and 
twentv-nine criminal cases, making a total 
of nine thousand and sixty. Flis decisions 
were strictly fair and inipartial and few of 
his rulings were ever reversed. He also 



married five hundred and thirty-two couples 
during that time. 

Mr. Coburn had two children, but Wesl- 
mer F. died June 13, 1877, at the age of 
three years. His married daughter, Mrs. 
Lena C. Dibble, is living in North Stam- 
ford. Connecticut. Mr. Coburn continued 
to make his home in Danville township until 
about twelve years ago, since which time he 
has maintained his residence in the city. He 
has i>ne of the finest libraries in eastern Illi- 
nois and is not only well versed in his profes- 
sion, but has knowledge of Latin, Greek and 
many scientific subjects. He is also largely 
ac(|uainted with history and biography and 
thus his reading has covered a wide range, 
making him a man of scholarly attainments 
and broad general information. He be- 
longs to the Methodist Episcopal church 
and is an active worker in the Siuiday- 
school, having ser\-ed for thirty-four years 
as superintendent and teacher in that 
branch of church work. He belongs to the 
Modern Woodmen organization and was 
l)resident of the local camp some time. 
A nrin of genial temperament, of high moral 
character, of splendid intellectual attain- 
ments and marked ability in the line of his 
chosen profession, George F. C'oburn com- 
mands admiration at the bar and respect 
among his fellow men rnnong whom he has 

so long lived. 

— ■ » » » 

.M'STIX S. PRICE. 

For thirty years Austin S. Price has 
been engaged in the real estate business in 
Dan\'ille and i.s now the land and emigra- 
tion agent for the Frisco System at this 
place. .At eleven .\. m.. on the 13th of De- 
cember, 1833. in comprmy with his father 
and two brothers, he drove into the public 




A. S. PRICE. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



265 



square of Danville, which was then a village 
of five or six hundred inhabitants. Since 
that time he has been interested in the wel- 
fare of the city and has contributed in no 
small degree to its improvements and pro- 
gress, but his efforts have also had a wider 
scope and range .and his labors have been 
an important element in the development of 
various sections of the country, which 
through his labors have largely been 
opened u]i to the work of cultivation and 
improvement. 

Mr. Price is a native of Johnson county, 
Indiana, born on the 26th ni June. 1840, 
his parents being William and Letitia 
( Huston ) Price, both of whom are now de- 
ceased, the father having died at the age 
of seventy-eight years, while the mother's 
death occurred at the age of sixty-seven 
years and the former was laid to rest in the 
cemetery at Danville and the latter in Plig- 
ginsville. The father was a farmer by occu- 
pation and through the tilling of the soil pro- 
\ided for his family, of whom our subject 
is now the <jnly surviving member. Two 
brothers were killed in the Civil war. Ezra 
died as the result of the ninth wound which 
he had sustained, while John's death was 
also occasioned by wounds sustained in 
battle. 

Untler the parental roof A. S. Price, of 
this review, was reared and the public 
schools afforde<l him his educational priv- 
ileges. For about ten years after his arrival 
in Danville he was connected with agricult- 
ural interests in Vermilion county. For a 
time he engaged in the operation of rented 
land and later he owned and cultivated a 
tract of eighty acres. Leaving this county 
]\Tr. Price removed to Indianapolis, where 
for three vears he was connected with a 
brewery. In 1867, however, he returned to 
Danville and for four or five years there- 



after w;is engaged in farming. On the ex- 
piration of that period he took up his abode 
in tlie city and entered the real estate busi- 
ness which he bus since carried on continu- 
ously for about thirty years, save when he 
traveled upon the road for six months, sell- 
ing flour for Mr. Gregg. For a number of 
years Mr. Price conducted a hea\y emigra- 
tion business. At one time he ran a train of 
ten cars of freight and also carried thirty- 
three passengers to Greenbrier, Alabama. 
He has run emigration trains to Mississippi, 
Tennessee, Missouri and Oklahoma, selling 
lands in these states and territories and also 
in Virginia, Kentucky and Iowa. In 1900 
he took up the exclusive work from Dan- 
ville for the F'risco System, handling lands 
in Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, 
Indian Territory and Texas. The railroad 
system which he represents owns and oper- 
ates eight tliousand miles of its own tracks 
and is known as the Frisco System. Mr. 
Price says that its tracks through the south- 
west and southeast are nearly as numerous 
as were the cattle paths which used to lead 
through the hazel brush of V'ennilion coun- 
ty forty-se\'en years ago. Mr. Price has 
controlled land which he has had both for 
sale and exchange all along the line of this 
railroad, his real estate being as cheap for 
the purcliaser as were the lands in Ver- 
milion county in the earlv days. The busi- 
ness which he has done has reached an ex- 
tensive figure and he is a trusted representa- 
ti\-e of the Frisco Railroad Company which 
he represents. 

On the 24th of June, 1861, Mr. Price was 
united in marriage at Higginsville. Illinois, 
to Sarah E. Hull, who was born in Indiana, 
February 3, 1843. Fourteen children \nve 
been born of this union, of whom only eight 
are !i\ing. James W., who wedded Mollie 
Weingart, is a real estate agent and 



266 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



draughtsiiian li\iiig in (."(n-inglon. Indiana. 
Henry S., who is married and was formerly 
foreman in the fertihzer works at Wilming- 
ton, Delaware, but is now in Arkansas. 
Austin E.. who married Lillie I'lu^mas, is a 
sign writer and printer of Champaign, Illi- 
nois. John R. is a school teacher in Indian 
Territt)ry. Edgar E. is at home. Evelyn 
is the wife of L. S. Davis, a clerk of Dan- 
ville, by whom she has four children — 
Lewis, Raymond, Russell and Ruth. Al- 
pha is the wife of Theodore M. Eoot. of 
Danville, by whom she has one daughter, 
Madge. Emma E., the youngest, is at 
home. All of the children have been edu- 
cated in the schools of Danville. 

Mr. Price has a pleasant home at N'o. 
11.30 Gilbert street and also has some prop- 
erty on Main street. Pie is a Seventh Day 
Adventist and in his political views is a Pro- 
hibitionist. He has a wide acquaintance 
and is widely known for his progress and 
business ability and for the active interest 
which he has taken in public affairs and in 
the general progress. In manner he is free 
from all ostentation and display, but his in- 
trinsic worth is recognized and his friend- 
ship is most prized by those who know him 
best, showing that his character will bear 
the scrutiny of close acquaintance. He is 
a generous-spirited, broad-minded man, a 
true type of the American spirit and an em- 
l)odiment of that progress which in the last 
few years has drawn to this country the 
admiring gaze of the nations of the world. 



WILLIAM HART. 



William Hart, now deceased, was born 
in Montgomery-, Ohio. February 20. 1832, 
his parents being John and Nancy (Ireland) 
Hart, who were natives of the Buckeye state 



and were of Scotch-Irish extraction. In the 
year 1845 ^^ ilhani Hart accompanied his 
parents on their removal to \'ermilion coun- 
ty and lived with them until he attained his 
twenty-third year. He was reared upon a 
farm in Ohio and this county and remained 
upon the old home place in Illinois until the 
inauguration of the Ci\'il war. In the mean- 
time he had become acquainted with Miss 
Sarah E. Dougherty and on the 6th of De- 
cember, 1853, they were married in Oak- 
wood township. Slie was born August 15, 
1833, '" Vermilion county and was reared 
upon the Jordan place. Her parents were 
Maybury and Nancy (Hickman) Dougher- 
ty, pioneer settlers of Vermilion county w ho 
entered land from the government and here 
de\eloped a farm. Her mother rode horse- 
back from Brown county, Ohio, carrying a 
babe in her arms, this child being now Mrs. 
Littler, a resident of Oakwood township. 
Mr. Dougherty drove a four-horse team 
hitched to a prairie schooner and thus the 
family made the westward journey in the 
year 183 1. Mrs. Hart now has in her pos- 
session an old bureau and cupboard that 
were made by hand and were owned by her 
tnother. These she cherishes as mementoes 
of her parents and as relics of pioneer times. 
L'nto Mr. and Mrs. Dougherty were born 
three daughters and a son : Mrs. Melinch 
A. Littler, of Oakwood township; Mrs. 
Sarah E. Hart; Mrs. Margaret Jeffers, of 
\''ermilion county; and Jacob B., who died 
during the Civil war. He enlisted in the 
Union army and being taken ill i)assed away 
nine days after leaving the hospital at Keo- 
kuk. Iowa. 

Mrs. Hart was married in her twenty- 
first vear and with her hus1)and she went to 
his father's farm, where he engaged in gener- 
al agricultural pursuits, there living until af- 
ter the president issued his call for loyal men 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



it-j 



to aid in suppressing tlie rebellion of the 
south. He then enlisted in Company G, One 
Hundred and Twenty-tifth IIHnois Infantry 
and he too was taken ill while in the service 
and died of bone erysipelas in the hospital 
at Nashville, Tennessee. He had enlisted in 
September, 1862, and had participated in the 
battle of Perrysville. He was appointed ser- 
geant and held the rank of second lieutenan.t 
at the time of his death, which occurred on 
the 2d of April, 1863. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hart have been ijom 
five children : John, who is living on the 
old family homestead: Samuel, who is rep- 
resented on another page of this work ; Mrs. 
Mary E. Watkins, of Oakwood township ; 
William, who is an invalid living with his 
mother ; and one that died in infancy. Mrs. 
Hart has twenty-five grandchildren and one 
grea t-grandch i Id . 

At our subject's death Mrs. Hart was 
left with the care of her children, the eldest 
of whom was but nine years of age. ohe 
has since carried on agricultural pursuits 
with the assistance of her sons, and she pur- 
■chased forty-eight acres of land to which she 
has added another tract of forty acres, so 
that she now has a good farm that yields 
rich crops, bringing to her an excellent finan- 
■cial return. In the early days she was noted 
for her spinning and weaving and her life 
Tias always been one of earnest industry and 
toil. She can remember well when corn was 
hauled to Chicago and sold for fitteen cents 
per bushel, while com in the shock was sold 
for six cents per bushel. The country was 
full of deer and all kinds of game and during 
her childhood days Indians were very nu- 
merous in this portion of the state. She can 
remember attending church with her fa- 
ther's family seated upon a sled drawn bv 
oxen, James Ashmore being the first preach- 
er. She also tells of the earlv settlers bor- 



rowing fire from a neig-hlx)r if their own fire 
went out. She has cooked many a meal at 
the eld fashioned fireplace long before cook- 
stovts came into general use and has made 
candles which were the only means of illum- 
ination in her girlhood days. She still makes 
a few of these' in order to have them to carry 
an lund the house. In her girlhood days she 
frequently attended campmeeting and can 
remember when as a little maiden she would 
carry her shoes to Sunday-school, putting 
tliem on just before entering the meeting 
house and removing them after the school 
was adjourned. Such were the pioneer con- 
ditions which surrounded the family at an 
early day, and Mrs. Hart has witnessed the 
development of the county throughout the 
passing years, taking great interest in what 
has been accomplished and the improved 
methods of work and of living which have 
been introduced. 



JOHN GOODWINE, Jr. 

John Goodwine, Jr., resides on section 
I, Middlefork township, and is familiarly 
called "Jack" by his numerous friends in 
\'ernu'lion county. He is one of the sul> 
stantial farmers and stock dealers of this lo- 
cality and owns and operates a farm of fif- 
teen hundred acres of well improved land, 
pleasantly situated within about a mile of 
Potomac. He is a native son of Illinois, his 
birth having occurred in this county De- 
cember 2, 1848, his parents being John W. 
and Jane (Charlton) Goodwine. A sketch 
of the father appears on another page of this 
work. The subject of this review was reared 
to manhood in his native county, spent his 
boyhood days on the old home farm and in 
the common schools he acquired his educa- 



268 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



tioii, also attending W'arren Academy in In- 
diana. W'lien al)out nineteen years of age 
he left home ad started out on his own ac- 
count. He was engaged in herding stock 
and in other work until 1870. 

On the 22<\ of Dcccmher. US70, Mr. 
(i<3()(hvine was united in marriage to Mary 
K. Alexander, who was horn in Middlefork 
township and is a daughter of John C. and 
Esther .Ale.vander, who were among the 
first settlers of the county. The young 
cuple hegan their domestic life upon a 
farm. Mr. Goodwine hegan U) improve the 
place upon which he now resides. The happy 
married life of the young coui)le was of 
short duration, however, for on the jgth of 
Octoher, 1872, Mrs. Goodwine passed away. 
After her death the husband went west to 
Colorado, where he remained until the fol- 
lowing year, returning then to Vermilion 
county. On May 14, 1874. he was united 
in marriage to Lidora A. Lane, a daughter 
of R. 1 1. and Mary Lane, who came to Ver- 
milion county from Ohio about 1864, the 
daughter being reared and educated in this 
county. Mr. Goodwine took his wife to his 
farm whereon he is yet li\-ing and at once 
hegan to culti\'ate and improve the place. 
He commenced here with about five hundred 
acres of land which was partiall_\- inipro\'C(l. 
Mis father has since given him more land 
and he has also purchased seven hundred 
acres, 9.0 that tfi-day his farm is a \ery ex- 
tensive one. embracing fifteen hundred 
acres. He has erected a good and substan- 
tial residence, commodious bam an<l out- 
buildings, has planted an orchard, has tiled 
and fenced his place, haxing o\er thirt\'-five 
miles of tiling on the farm. In connection 
with the cultivation of grain he is engaged 
in raising and feeding stock, fattening on an 
average of from one to two hundred head of 
cattle annuallv and also a large number of 



hogs. He is now making a specialty of 
short-horn and double standard polled Dur- 
ham cattle and has a nice herd of some sev- 
enty-five head. He also has a new breed of 
hogs called ''American thin rind swine." 
riiey are \ery prolific and good feeders an<l 
his stock has always found a ready sale on 
the market. Mr. Goodwine is one of the 
first breeders of this stock of hogs in the 
country and also one of the most extensive. 
Some of his hogs were placed on exhibition 
at the Chicago Interstate .Swine Show, in 
December, lyoi . where he took a good many 
premiums. • 

The home of Mr. Goodwine was blessed 
witli one daughter, horn of his first mar- 
riage, .Anna, now the wife of L. D. Lane, a 
farmer of X'ermilion county. Ten children 
graced the second marriage, but they lost 
three of the number. Those still living are 
as follows: John W., who is cashier of the 
Goodwine Bank at Armstrong, of which our 
subject is the owner; W'illmr 11., who is 
married and resides on a farm in Middlefork 
township: L'lys.ses S., Cora. Everett. Vesta, 
and Wayne, all at home. The children de- 
ceased are. Xora. who died at the age of 
eight years, and \'ill;i. at the age of two, 
while one died in infancy. The first two 
passed away in 1886. dying of diphtherii 
only four days apart. Politically Mr. Good- 
wine was formerly identified with the Re- 
pul)lican party for a number of years. He 
has ever !)ccn a stanch temperance man and 
a behe\'er in the princi]des of i)rohibition and 
for a number of years he has now been iden- 
tified with the Prohibition party. He has 
never wanted or sought office, preferring to 
give his attention to his f;u-ming and exten- 
sive business interests. In the fall of 1002. 
however, lie was the Prohibition nominee 
for the legislatine. Mr. Goodwine has been 
a resident of A'ermilion countv almost con- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



269 



tinuously for nearly fifty-four years and has 
witnessed the wonderful growth and devel- 
opment of the county. He has seen the 
swamps and sloughs drained, the prairies 
broken and fenced, the roads constructed 
and the towns built up. Jamesburg is built 
on the farm where he was born, in Blount 
township. Mr. Goodwine has always been 
a loyal and progressive citizen and at the 
time of the Spanish- American war he be- 
gan raising a company, of which he was to 
have been captain, but was disappointed in 
his patriotic desire on account of the sud- 
den termination of the war. He is well 
known in Danville and throughout the coun- 
ty as a man of tried integrity and worth, 
who has met with splendid success in busi- 
ness affairs and everything that he under- 
takes he carries forward to successful com- 
pletion. He has thus become one of the sub- 
stantial business men of the township. In 
all trade transactions he has ever been found 
honorable and trustworthy and those who 
know him — and his friends are many — en- 
tertain for him high regard. 



JAMES KNIGHT. 

James Knight, deceased, was for many 
years numbered among the leading and hon- 
ored citizens of Danville, where he con- 
tinued to make his home until called to his 
final rest. He was born on the 12th of May, 
1832, at Rouse Point, Clinton county. New 
York, his birthplace being near Lake Cham- 
plain, and he was a son of Dr. James and 
Alice (Henderson) Knight, who were na- 
tives of Edinburg, Scotland, whence they 
emigrated to America after their marriage, 
locating at Rouse Point, New York. The 
father, who was a physician, engaged in the 

12 



practice of his profession there up to the 
time of his death. Our subject was the only 
son of the family to come to Vermilion 
county, but he has one brother, Alexander 
Knight, who came to this state and is now 
living in Centralia, Illinois. Another 
brother brother, Rol>ert Knight, is a resident 
of Vancouver, British Columbia. 

Our subject acquired his early education 
in the common schools of his native state 
and there grew to manhood. Coming west 
in 1857 lie first located in Springfield, Il- 
linois, and soon afterward became identified 
with the building of the Wabash Railroad, 
being overseer of construction for a time. 
In 1858 he took up his residence in Dan- 
ville and had charge of a construction train 
here for a few years until the completion of 
the road in this section. In the capacity of 
of conductor he ran the first train into Dan- 
ville over the Wabash road, his run for 
some time being between this place and 
Ouincy and later between Danville and To- 
ledo. He remained in the train service until 
1865, when he was made station agent for 
the same company at Danville, and held that 
position for several years. On leaving the 
railroad company Mr. Knight embarked in 
the boot and shoe business, which he carried 
on for some time and later turned his atten- 
tion to real estate, Iniving and selling all 
kinds of city property in Danville, but his 
last days were spent in retirement from 
business at that place. 

In i860 Mr. Knight was married in 
Danville to Miss Mary Elizabeth Probst, 
who was born in this city, December 20, 
1836, and is a daughter of James and Nancy 
(Barnes) Probst, natives of Pennsylvania 
and Kentucky, respectively. Her father 
came to Dan\'illeat a ver\ early day when the 
Indians were still numerous in this locality. 
In his younger years he followed the tail- 



270 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



or's trade, Imt later discdnlinucd business in 
order to devote his entire time to his ot^cial 
duties. For some time he served as constable 
in Danville and suhsequently filled the office 
of sheriff of Vermilion county for a number 
of years and also count}' treasurer. After 
leaving office he lived retired up U> the time of 
his death. He was a \ery pri )minenl and high- 
ly respected citizen of Danville, with whose 
interests he was closely identified for many 
years. Unto Mr. and Airs. Knight were 
also l)orn three children, as follows: Charles 
F., who now holds a position with the Lartz 
Wall Paper Company, of Chicago, and re- 
sides in that city; Alice, wife of B. H. Bab- 
bit, business manager for the Albert Peats 
Wall Paper Company, of Chicago ; and 
Grace, who is at home with her mother. The 
family ha\'e a beautiful home at 204 Frank- 
lin street and occupy an enviable position in 
the social circles of Danville. 

In politics Mr. Knight was a staunch 
Republican, Init he never cared for the hon- 
ors or emoluments of public office. Socially 
he was connected with the Masonic order, 
being a charter member of the Commandery 
of Danville, and was also a Knight of 
Honor and was a prominent luember of both 
lodges. In 1863 he went to California and 
was identified with railroad work. After 
a useful and well spent life he passed quietly 
away on the 22d of October, 1900, honored 
and res])ected by all who knew him. In busi- 
ness affairs he was prompt, energetic and 
notably reliable, and generallv carried for- 
ward to successful completion whatever he 
undertook. At his death he left consider- 
able priii)ertv which his widow still owns, in- 
cluding several business blocks on North 
street near the .^etna Hotel, the Byers lilock 
and also much valuable property on Wahnit 
street and sixteen and a half acres near Lin- 
coln Park. Those who knew Air. Knight 



intimately speak in unqualified terms of his 
sterling integrity, his honor in business and 
his fidelity to all the duties of public and 
private life. His death occasioned the deep- 
est regret throughout the community and 
Danville thereby lost one of its most valued 
citi/ens. Mrs. Knight is a member of the 
l'resl)yterian church and is a charming lady 
whose gracious manner wins her many 

friends. 

*—*■ 

SAMUEL BLACK. 

.Samuel Black is a retired farmer living 
in I'ithian. Lie was born in Warren coun- 
ty, Indiana, August 30, 1837. His grand- 
father, John Black, was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania and served his country as a loyal .sol- 
dier in the war of 1812. At an early day 
he came to Kentucky and in the year 1834 
he was killed by an elephant while attending 
the circus at Covington, Indiana. James 
Black, the father of our subject, was born 
in Kentucky and in early manhood went to 
Indiana, where he became acquainted with 
and wedded I'diza .\nn Odell. a native of 
Xew "S ork, who was descended from Hol- 
land ancestry. They located upon a farm 
in \A'arren county. Indiana, where James 
Black devoted his time and attention to ag- 
ricultural pursuits until 1856. He then 
c.ime to \'ermilion county, settling in Oak- 
wooil township, three miles northwest of 
Fitliian. Purchasing land he lived thereon 
until his death, which occurred in 1894. 
His wife had passed away in 1882. They 
were consistent members of the Methodist 
F.jiiscopal church and Mr. Black was first 
a Whig in politics and afterward a Repub- 
lican. In their familv were ten children, of 
whom four are yet living: John, a resident 
of Butler countv, Kansas; Samuel, of this 




SAMUEL BLACK 




MRS. SAMUEL BLACK. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



275 



review; Harriet, the wife of William Jen- 
kins^ who resides 011 the old home place 
jiortliwest of Fithian ; and Rebecca, the wife 
of Oliver Thomjpson, whose home is four 
miles northwest of Fithian. 

In early life Samuel Black suffered 
greatly from ill health. He is to-day, how- 
ever, a man of robust manhood, weighing 
two hundred and forty pounds. In early 
life he engaged in farming and his pur- 
•chases of land made him the owner of two 
hundred acres in Oakwood township. 
Throughout his business career he carried 
on its cultivation and improvement and 
when his labors had brought to him a com- 
fortable competence he put aside farm work 
in 1892 and removed to Fithian, where he 
is now living retired in a splendid home 
which he purchased. 

On the 25th of March, 1858, Mr. Black 
was united in marriage to Priscilla McCarty, 
the wedding taking place near Muncie, Illi- 
nois. The lady was born in that locality, 
August 14, 1840, a daughter of John and 
Miriam (Sewell) McCarty, both natives of 
■Ohio. They were married in the Buckeye 
state and there lived upon a farm until their 
removal to Oakwood township, Vennilion 
■county, Illinois, about 1840. There they 
lived until called to their final rest, the fa- 
ther passing away in 1880 and the mother 
in 1901. He was a Democrat and served 
his fellow townsmen in the offices of con- 
stable and justice of the peace. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Black were born 
nine children : William, who resides in the 
province of Alberta, British Columbia, 
where he follows farming, married Mattie 
Mansfield and they have five children. 
Mar}' Alice is the wife of John McKinney, 
who is serving as deputy sheriff of Cham- 
paign county and resides in Urbana. and 
they have five children. Minnie became the 



wife of Myron I'aylor and afterward mar- 
ried Jesse Blue, a resident of Nebraska, 
by Avhom she has two children, while two 
two children were born of her first mar- 
riage. George, who is in the employ of the 
Chicago Si Eastern Illinois Railroad Com- 
pany and resides in Danville, married Clara 
Anderson and has three children. Frances 
married Alois Rueb and with their three 
children they reside in Chandler, Oklahoma. 
James died at the age of fifteen years. John 
married Grace Kirkpatrick and is living in 
Fithian, Illinois. Abbie Florence is the wife 
of \V. W. Soward and resides in Fith- 
ian. They have two children. Charles 
is married and has one child. His home is 
now in Collins, Iowa. In February, 1891, 
Mr. Black was called upon to mourn the 
loss of his first wife, who was laid to rest 
in Steams cemetery. On the 27th of No- 
vember, 1894, in Catlin, Illinois, he wedded 
JVIrs. Jennie (Kistler) Harper, who was 
born in Pennsylvania in 1850, a daughter 
of AT. F. Kistler, a native of the same state. 
By her first marriage she had one son, 
Charles Harper, who is now residing in 
Catlin. Mrs. Black was one of a family of 
eight children born of her father's first mar- 
riage and by his second marriage there were 
two children. Mr. Kistler was a Republi- 
can in politics and was a member of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian church. 

When the country became involved 
in civil war, Mr. Black laid aside all per- 
sonal considerations, and in August, 1861, 
enlisted in Company F, Twenty-sixth Illi- 
nois \^olunteer Infantry. When his first 
term expired he re-enlisted in the same com- 
pany and regiment and during his four 
years' service participated in fifty-four bat- 
tles. These included the siege of Atlanta, 
the siege of Corinth and the battles of Cor- 
inth, Goldsboro, Holly Springs, Island No. 



2/6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



lO, Jackson, Mississippi, Kenesaw Mount- 
ain. Mission Ridge, Resaca and Vicksburg. 
He was also with Sherman on the cele- 
brated march to the sea and was in the 
grand review at Washington, D. C. Al- 
though in so many engagements, Mr. Black 
was fortunately never wounded or injured 
in any way. It is estimated that he marched 
six thousand nine hundred and thirty-one 
miles during his service. The war having 
ended he was mustered out on the 22d of 
July, 1865, and finally discharged at 
Springfield, Illinois. 

Mr. Black sometimes supports the Re- 
publican party and at other times votes the 
Prohibition ticket, being a strong temper- 
ance man. He served as road commissioner 
one term but has never been a politician in 
the sense of office seeking. He l)elongs to 
the Methodist Episcopal church and is serv- 
ing as one of its trustees. In the enjoyment 
of a well earned rest, he is now living re- 
tired in Fithian and is one of the respected 
citizens of that locality. 



ZACHARIAH ROBERTSON. 

Zachariali Robertson has reached the 
eightieth milestone in life's journey and to- 
day he is numbered among the highly re- 
spected citizens and pioneer settlers of \'er- 
milion county, his home being on secticm 
3''), .Vewcll township, where he owns one 
hundred and fi\-e and a half acres of land. 
He was born in Harrison county, Kentucky, 
October i, 1822, a son oi Zachariali and 
Elizabeth (Jones) Robertson, who were 
also natives of Harrison county. Zachariah 
Robertson, .Sr., was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionarv War. When our subject was 
twelve years of age the family came to \'er- 



milion county, Illinois. The father was 
married a second time and had nineteen 
children altogether. Mr. Robertson of this 
review has one sister living. Mrs. Delilah 
Starr, the widow of Solomon Starr. She is 
the second survivor of a family of ten chil- 
dren. When the Robertsons came to Il- 
linois they made the journey overland in an 
old time "prairie schooner," camping out by 
the wayside at nights. Our subject waded 
the Wabash river driving the stock through. 
When they arrived here deer was plentiful 
and there were many prairie chickens, 
cranes, ducks and wild turkeys. Hunting 
and fishing were sports in which the settlers 
might easily indulge and find good reward 
for their expenditure of time. Zachariah 
Robertson, Sr., lived to be ninety-four years 
of age, dying in Newell township on the land 
where Bismark now stands. There his wife 
also passed away. Mr. Robertson entered 
forty acres of land and upon this he built 
a log cabin. He was numbered among the 
pioneers who felled the forests and broke the 
prairie, thus pa\ing the way for civilization 
and laying the fountlation for the present 
progress and prosperity of the county. 

Zachariah Robertson of this review pur- 
sued his education in one of the old time log 
schoolhouses in which an immense fire- 
])lace occupied an entire end of the room. 
The seats were formed of slabs, resting upon 
wooden pins and the desks which were used 
were similarly constructed. In the summer 
months Mr. Robertson assi.sted in the work 
of the home farm. At the age of nineteen 
years he left school altogether and began 
working in the neighborhood as a farm 
hand, being thus employed for several years. 
He then rented land for a time and after- 
ward entered fifty-two and one-half acres 
of wild prairie for which he had to ])ay 
one dollar and a halt per acre. Willi char- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



277 



acteristic energy he began to break and im- 
prove this and to the property he has added 
from time to time until he now has one hun- 
dred and five and a half acres. He manu- 
factured his first plow which had a wooden 
mold board and the next was a single shovel 
plow. He first cut his grain with a sickle 
and afterward with a cradle. He knew the 
use of a crane from practical experience and 
would light the fire with flint. It was the 
custom to always keep a fire burning and if 
it would go out one would often visit a 
neighbor and borrow a little fire. The old 
dipped candles were used for illuminating 
purposes before kerosene was used. When 
the young girls would go to church they 
would carry their shoes until they neared 
the house of worship, when they would sit 
down upon a log and put them on before 
entering the meeting. Such were pioneer 
customs and conditions but while the early 
settle'rs had to endure many hardships and 
privations they also experienced many 
pleasures which are not known at the pres- 
ent time. Through the greater part of his 
active life Mr. Robertson carried on gen- 
eral farming but is now largely living retired, 
leaving the care of his place to his sons. In 
early days he made several trips to Chicago, 
taking produce with him and it required 
twelve days to go and come. He would 
sleep out upon the ground at night by the 
side of his wagon. There were many 
sloughs and ponds, creeks and rivers to be 
forded. He saw Chicago when it was but a 
village and Danville a mere hamlet. Church 
was first held in the home of Peter Starr 
and afterward in a log schoolhouse. In his 
father's family there were eleven daughters, 
who aided materially in furnishing the 
family with clothing. Mr. Robertson would 
take the sheep to the creek and wash them 
and after this thev were sheared and the 



wool carded, then the daughters would take 
their place at the spinning wheel and thus 
the family clothing was supplied. Mr. 
Robertson has ever taken a deep interest in 
general progress and improvement, in the 
building of good roads, in the establishment 
of churches and schools and in the develop- 
ment of farms. He has served as township 
commissioner of highways and as school 
director and has ever been active and help- 
ful for the general good. 

On the 25th of August, 1842, Mr. Rob- 
ertson wedded Abigail Starr, a daughter of 
Peter Starr. She was born in Preble coun- 
ty, Ohio, July 8, 1824, and by her marriage 
she became the mother of the following chil- 
dren : Priscilla J., the wife of Jacob Deek; 
Mrs. Rachel Mesmore; Celina, who was 
scalded to death when about seven years of 
age; Jacob, who married Melissa Britting- 
ham: Peter, who wedded Belle Byers; Cath- 
erine, the wife of William Cox; Maggie, 
the wife of John Smith; Isaac, who married 
Irene Cox; William, who wedded Clara 
Ringel ; James, who married Rebecca Phil- 
lips, and died in 1901 ; Anna, the deceased , 
wife of William Chumley; and Delilah and 
Solomon, twins, who died in infancy. The 
mother dqparted this life December 25, 
1877, when about fifty-two years of age. 
She was a devoted mother, a model wife 
and earnest Christian woman and thus she 
left to her family an untarnished name. Mr. 
Robertson is well preserved for a man of his 
years. His eyesight and physical faculties 
are scarcely impaired and he possesses the 
vigor of a man of much younger age. He 
has always voted the Democratic ticket and 
has long been one of the standard bearers 
of the party in this locality. At the age of 
sixteen years he became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and has since 
been identified therewith, serving as a class 



278 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



leader and as superintemlent (jf tlie Sunday 
school for a number of years. He has long 
been numbered among the substantial, hon- 
ored and respected citizens of Newell town- 
ship and in tliis V(jlume well deserves men- 
tion. 

•-•-• 

HENRY B. KESTER. 

Mure than a halt century ago Henry B. 
Ke-Ster became identified with building in- 
terests in Danville and to-day there stands 
in the city a building which he erected in 
185 J. Other structures of his building may 
also be seen as the visible evidence of his 
life of thrift and industry. At the present 
time he is living retired, making his home 
at No. 7j8 Wayne street. He came to this 
county on the 2d of May, 1850. 

A native of West Virginia, he was born 
in Clarksburg, that state. May 28, 1828, his 
parents,, George and Al)igail (Bennett) 
Kester, being also natives of Clarksburg. 
Tile father there resided imtil 1831, when 
he removed to Morrow county, Ohio, set- 
tling on a farm which was his home until 
his death. His widow afterward came to 
\'ermilion county and spent her last days 
here. Of their eleven children, but four are 
living, the eldest being Henry B. The oth- 
ers are: Mary, the wife of Thomas Math- 
ews, a resident of Hoopeston. Vermilion 
county; Russell B., a resident of Vermilion 
county; and Sarah J., the wife of James 
Whitbeck, of Lawrence, Kansas. Those 
who have passed away are : .Mexander, 
Josiah, Sinmn. Mihon, Hester A.. William 
and Harriett. 

When about three years of age Henry 
B. Kester was taken by his parents to Mor- 
row county, Ohio, where he pursued his 
education in the common schouls. He then 



learned the carpenter's trade in Mt. Gilead, 
following it at that place for about four 
years. On the expiration of that period he 
came direct to Danville, arriving on the 2d 
of May, 1S50. He soon secured employ- 
ment as a carpenter and as a contractor was 
early recognized as one of the leading rep- 
resentatives of his line of business in this 
city. He erected some of the first liuildings 
here and his patronage steadily increased as 
the \ears passed In- until he employed a 
large force of workmen to assist him in exe- 
cuting his contracts. 

On the 5th of ]May, 1S53, Mr. Kester 
was united in marriage to Catherine 
Umphenour. who was born near her hus- 
band's boyhood home in West \'irginia. 
Her father, George Umphenour, was an 
early settler of Danville and followed farm- 
ing in this localitv until his death. Se\'en 
children lia\e been l)orn unto Mr, and Mrs. 
Kester : Charles Edwaril, who died in in- 
fancy; George Franklin, deceased; Albert 
Eugene, who married Martha Lynch and is 
a carpenter of Danville; Henry Lewis, who 
died in childhood; Francis E., who mar- 
ried Flora E. .Ailsworth and is a train dis- 
patcher on the \'v'abash Railroad at Deca- 
tur, Illinois; and (jeorge W. and Minnie, 
who died in childhood. 

After his marriage .Mr. Kester contin- 
ued contracting and building until the 6th 
of I'cbruary, i8()5, when he joined Com- 
pan\- E, One Ilundred ami I'orty-ninth Illi- 
nois Regiment, under the command of Cap- 
tain Laferty and Colonel W. C. Kcifner. 
This company did garrison duty until after 
the close of the war and at Dalton, Georgia, 
on the 27tli of January, 1866, Mr. Kester 
was honorably discharged. He then re- 
turned to Danville, resumed his former 
business interests here and until his retire- 
ment continuouslv followed his trade with 




H. B. KESTER. 




MRS. H. B. KESTER. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



28.3 



the exception of the years 1881 and 1882, 
which he spent in Florida as a pattern-mak- 
er for tiie Florida Southern Raih'oad Com- 
pany. In 1883 he again took up his resi- 
dence in Danville and in connection with 
his buikling- interests he also worked in a 
planing mill here until 1899, when he re- 
tired from business to enjoy a comfortable 
competence which had been secured through 
indomitable energy, perseverance and close 
application to the work in which, as a young 
tradesman, he embarked. In that year he 
built his present home which he has since 
occupied. He has held a few minor offices 
such as school director, but has never been 
a politician in the sense of office seeking. 
He votes with the Democracy on cjuestions 
of national importance but at local elections 
votes independently of party ties. A prom- 
inent and influential member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church of Danville, he served 
as one of its class-leaders for several years. 
His life history illustrates most happily for 
the purpose of this work, that success is not 
a matter of genius but the outcome of judg- 
ment and experience and that an upright 
character commands respect and regard in 
this country which is not hampered by caste 
or class. 



W. H. CURRENT. 



W. H. Current, who is engaged in grain 
dealing in Indianola, was born in East Dan- 
ville, on the 4th of September, i860, a son 
of J. M. Current. He pursued his educa- 
tion in Danville and in the country schools, 
putting aside his text books when eighteen 
years of age. He afterward devoted his en- 
tire attention to work upon his father's farm 
until he v>-as twenty-three years of age, when 
he was married and started out in life for 



himself. On the 29th of November, 1883, 
he wedded Miss Lavina Gibson, who was 
born in Vermilion county, September 13, 
1863, their wedding being celebrated at her 
home southwest of Fairmount. Her father 
was Thomas Gibson, a native of Marion 
county, Illinois. The home of uur subject 
and his wife has been blessed with four chil- 
dren : Bertha M., born February 15. 1887; 
Fred F., born July 29, 1889; Clara I., born 
August 15, 1893; and Seymour M., born 
August 24, 1896. 

After his marriage Mr. Current located 
on a farm near the old home place and there 
resided continuously until 1892, when he re- 
moved to Fairmount where he worked for 
his father, who was engaged in the grain 
trade. In 1899, ho\\ever, his father sold 
out to the firm of Hill & Crow, and removed 
to Homer, Champaign county, Illinois, 
where he is now engaged in the grain trade. 
In 1898 Mr. Current of this review came to 
Indianola, arriving on the 12th of Decem- 
ber. Here he purchased the Downey ele- 
vator and has since carried on the grain 
trade on his own account, handling a large 
quantity of corn and other cereals each year. 
He owns eighty acres of land four miles 
southwest of Fairmount, and his property 
possessions also include city real estate. He 
is likewise agent for a number of insurance 
companies and his varied business interests 
are successfully conducted, so that he is now 
regarded as one of the prosperous residents 
of his community. Politically he is an earn- 
est Republican and is a member of Ver- 
milion Lodge. No. 265. A. F. A. M.. of In- 
dianola, the Benevolent and Protectixe Or- 
der of Elks, of Danville, the Modern Wood- 
men of America and the Fraternal Army. 
He is also connected with the Royal Ameri- 
cans and in two of these lodges, the Masonic 
and Fraternal Armv, he has filled the office 



284 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



of secretary. He belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal church of Indianola ami is serv- 
ing; as one of its trustees and stewards. His 
life has been quietly passed in the faithful 
performance of the duties of public and pri- 
vate life in the direction of his business and 
in the ])roniotion of measures or movements 
calculated to advance the general welfare. 



A. H. CLUTTER. 



.\. H. Clutter, who is now li\ing a re- 
tired life in Sidcll, was for many yeru's ac- 
tixely and prominently associated with 
farming interests in Vermilion county. He 
is also nunil)ered among the early settlers of 
Illinois, dating his residence in the state 
from 1853. so that through almost a half 
century he has been a witness of the de\-el<ip- 
ment and progress which has placed this 
great cummnnwealtli in the frmit rank nf the 
galaxy of states which forms the Union. 
Mr. Clutter is a native of Pennsylvania, his 
birth h;iving occurred in Greene cnunty, 
January i. 1840. His father. Abraham 
Clutter, was born in W'ashington county. 
Pennsylvania, in 1785, and the grandfather 
of our subject. John Clutter, was a nati\'e of 
New Jersey and served his country as a sol- 
dier in the war of the Revolution. The 
family is of German lineage and was found- 
ed in Xew Jersey at a \-ery early epoch in 
American history. hVom his nati\e state 
John Clutter removed to Pennsylvania 
where he lived to the ripe old age of ninety 
years. Abraham Clutter was there reared 
to manhood, and after reaching years of ma- 
turity he wedded Lydia W'inget. a native 'of 
Ohio and a daughter of Stephen W'inget. 
who removed from Ohio to Pennsylvania, 
A farmer by occupation, .\braham Clutter 



followed that pursuit in order to provide for 
his family whom he reared upon a farm in 
Greene count}-, Pennsyhania. He died in 
]March, 1843. in th prime of life. His wife, 
surviving him for a long period, carefully 
reared her family to whom she was a most 
devoted mother. A. H. Clutter of this re- 
\iew is one of a family of seven sons and 
seven daughters, all of w-hom grew to ma- 
ture >-ears and reached advanced ages, al- 
though the subject of this review and one 
si.ster are now the only survivors, she be- 
ing Mrs, Mary Elliott, a widow who is re- 
siding in Ohio, \\'est \'irginia. 

In the county of his nativity A. H. Clut- 
ter was reared upon his father's farm. He 
received but limited school privileges, but 
his training in the work of field and mead- 
ow was not limiteil. When a young man 
he came to the west, arriving in Illinois in 
1855. He joined his three brothers who had 
previously located in \'ermilion cotinty ami 
here be Ijegan work as a farm hand for one 
of his brothers by wdiom he was employed 
for three years, at feeding and caring for 
the stock. In August. 1861, Mr. Clutter 
and there took charge of the home farm 
which he continued to operate for eighteen 
years, purchasing the interest of the other 
heirs in the old homestead which he suc- 
cessfully conducted. He was married in 
(h-eenc county in October, 1863, to Miss 
Mary Miller, who was born, reared and edu- 
cated there and engaged in teaching prior 
to her marriage. Her father, Joseph Miller, 
was one of the early settlers of Greene 
county. 

In 1881 Air. Clutter returned to \'ermil- 
ion county. Illinois, and located on the .\sa 
Daniels farm near .-\rmstrong. superintend- 
ing that place. Subsequently he became su- 
perintendent of the Hiram Sibley farms in 
\'ermilion county, acting in that capacity 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



285 



for six years. He then rented land and en- 
gaged in farming on his own account until 
1895, when he purchased a lot in Sidell 
and erected thereon a nice residence. He 
afterward sold that property and he has pur- 
chased and improved other property. At 
the present time he is living retired, enjoying 
a well merited rest, for his life has been one 
of industry and earnest toil. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Clutter was 
blessed with ten children, of whom two sons 
and three daughters are yet living: Joseph 
Reed, who resides in North Dakota upon a 
farm, and is married, and has two daugh- 
ters and a son; Nevada, the wife of Robert 
Phillips, a druggist of Springfield, Illinois ; 
Fannie, the wife of M. E. Pancoast, a con- 
tractor and builder of Danville, by whom 
she has two sons and a daughter; Jcjhn, a 
resident farmer of Sidell township, who is 
married and has two sons ; and Nettie, who 
is occupying a business position in Omaha, 
Nebr.'iska ; Thomas Miller,^ who w as edu- 
cated in this county and was one of its suc- 
cessful teachers. He died January 27, 1903, 
at the age of twenty-three, lacking three 
weeks. Of the children who have passed 
away, the first born died at the age of four 
years. \Villiam died at the age of eighteen 
years. Jennie grew to mature years and 
passed away at the age of twenty-four. Ida 
became the wife of James Morrison and died 
at the age of twenty-eight years. 

Politically Mr. Clutter has been a life- 
long Democrat, having cast his first presi- 
dential vote for General George B. Mc- 
Clellan in 1864, and for each nominee of 
the party since that time. In local elections 
however, he has always been independent, 
supporting the men whom he thinks best 
qualified for office regardless of party affili-, 
ations. He was elected and served for one 
term as a member of the town board, filling 



the position for three years, and he is now 
ser\'ing as police magistrate of Sidell. He 
also served for a number of years on the 
school board and did effective service in pro- 
moting the cause of education. Forty- 
sev'en years ago he came to Illinois, casting 
in his lot among the early settlers of Ver- 
milion county at a time when the work of 
progress and improvement had scarcely 
been begun here. There were large herds of 
deer and venison was no rare dish upon the 
board of the early settlers. There were also 
wild geese and other wild game, and wolves 
were frequently killed, but all these have 
disappeared and the swamps and sloughs 
ha\'e been drained, the prairies broken and 
fenced and the work of cultivation carried 
on until now- this is one of the garden spots 
of the great state of Illinois, famed through- 
out the nation as an agricultural district. 
He has also witnessed the introduction of 
the railroad, the telegraph and telephone, 
and along many lines of improvement and 
progress he has assisted materially, taking 
a deep interest in what has been accom- 
plished here. 



MRS. ANN E. SMITH. 

For almost sixty-nine years this lady has 
made her home in Vermilion county and has 
therefore witnessed nearly the entire growth 
and development of this section of the state, 
her familv being pioneers here. She has 
seen the wild lands transformed into fine 
farms, while towns and villages have Sprung 
up and developed into flourishing cities with 
all the luxuries and advantages of the older 
east. 

Mrs. Smith is the widow of Edwin 
G. Smith, who was also one of the early set- 
tlers of the county, having located here in 



286 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



1848. He was a native of England, boni 
in 1825, and was a son of Joseph Smith, who 
was also born in that country and with his 
family came to iVmerica in 1848. On land- 
ing in this country he made his way direct to 
Vermilion county, illincMs, where he en- 
gaged in farming until his death. 

Edwin Giles Smith was reared and edu- 
cated in his native land, lieing nearly grown 
on the emigration of the familv to the new 
world. J-le had previously learned the 
blacksmith's trade and after coming to Dan- 
ville, he followed that occupation through- 
out the remainder of his life, but he was not 
long permitted to enjoy his new home as he 
died on the 5th of October, 1854, at the early 
age of twenty-nine years. His political sup- 
port was always given to the Democratic 
party. He was a very industrious, energetic 
and enterprising man and had already at- 
tained a fair degree of success when called 
to the world beyond. 

In Danville was celebrated the marriage 
of ]\Ir. Smith and Miss Ann E. Greggson. 
who was also born in England, October 24, 
1827, her parents being George and Ann 
(Hazeldine) Greggson, natives of the same 
country-, where the father was employed as 
a shepherd. In 1834 he brought his family 
to America and took up his residence in Ver- 
milion county. Illinois, where he died the 
following year. Of the two children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Smith. Charles E., the 
older, died in October, 1854, and Edwin G., 
who became a prominent druggist of Dan- 
ville, died in 1890. The father was a char- 
ter member of the Knights of Pythias Lodge 
of Danville, and Mrs. Smith is a faithful 
member of the I'irst Methotlist Episcopal 
church. She owns and occupies a nice home 
at No. 305 North Hazel street and has other 
valuable property in Danville, including a 
residence ;it No. 307 the same street. She 



is widely and favorably known in the city 
where she has so long resided and has a host 
of warm friends who esteem her highly for 
her sterling worth. 



EK.VXCIS GALNES. 

I'rancis Gaines scarcely needs an intro- 
iluction to the readers of this volume. He 
was a ]iarticipant in pioneer e\-ents. as well 
as those of later-day progress, and thus with 
the "Past and Present of \'erniilion Coun- 
ty'' he has lieen identifietl. improving the 
business opportunities wliich the county has 
offered to its citizens, and in return render- 
ing valuable aid in the work of improvement 
and progress here. For many years he was 
engaged in general farming and stock-deal- 
ing, but since 1883 has lived retircil in In- 
dianola, where he has a commodious and 
pleasant home. His circle of acquaintances 
is a wide one and all who know him are glad 
to claim the friendship of this honored man. 

Mr. Gaines is a native of Ohio, his birth 
ha\ing occurred in Clark county, near 
South Charleston. July _'8. 1823. His 
parents were Alexander and Mary (Chris- 
pin) Gaines, the former a native of \'ir- 
g'inia and tiie latter of New Jersey. The 
Chrispin family was of German lineage and 
the (iaines family in America is descended 
from Irish ancestry and was represented in 
the patriot army during the war of the Rev- 
olution. Benjamin P. Gaines, the grandfa- 
ther of oin- subject, went to Ohio in pioneer 
times, becoming one of the first settlers of 
Greene county. He was a shoemaker by 
trade and \\ould travel from house to house, 
making shoes for an entire family, and then 
proceed to the next house on his route. 
The farmer would take his hides to the tan- 




FRANCIS GAINES. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



289 



ner, returning home with the tanned leath- 
er, preparatory to the visit of the shoemak- 
er. Benjamin P. Gaines hved to be about 
seventy-five years of age and followed his 
trade to the last. 

Alexander Gaines spent his entire life 
in Greene county, Ohio. Settling in the 
midst of a heavily timbered district he be- 
gan to clear a farm. He did not follow the 
cultivation of grain to any extent but gave 
his attention to the cattle business, first 
making his purchases in Ohio and later in 
Indiana and Illinois. He would come to 
this state, purchase two or three hundred 
head of cattle and then- drive them to the 
east, selling in the markets of either Ohio or 
Pennsylvania. lie continued to engage ac- 
tively in the cattle business until seventy- 
five years of age, when he retired to pri- 
vate life, having in the meantime removed 
to Cedarville, Greene county, Ohio, where 
his last days were passed. He died Sep- 
teml>er, 1886, and had he lived another 
month he \\'Ould have reached the age of 
eiglity-six years. He was regarded as one 
of the leading cattle men of Ohio, his excel- 
lent judginent concerning stock enabling 
him to make very judicious investments, 
and thus in his business he prospered. 
Unto him and his wife were born eleven 
children, of whom six are yet living, but 
none are residents of Vermilion county 
with the exception of our subject and his 
brother Jonathan, who was the fourth in 
order of birth and is now a resident of Car- 
roll township. Another brother, James, is 
one of the large landowners and prosperous 
residents of Edgar county, Illinois. The 
mother died in 1882, at the age of eighty- 
five years. 

The conditions which surrounded Fran- 
cis Gaines in his youth were those of most 
farmers' boys. He had, perhaps, more op- 



portunities than some and less than others. 
Altog'ether his early youth was a period of 
earnest toil for he was the eldest of the six 
sons of the family and his services were 
needed on the home farm. He had to begin 
plowing before he was ten years of age and 
he used a wooden mold board to turn the 
furrows. His educational privileges were 
e.xceedingly limited. He had to go two 
miles to school and after wading through 
the snow that distance would sit all day in 
wet boots. The schoolhouse was built of 
logs and had a puncheon floor, slab benches, 
and a plank placed on pins driven into the 
wall served as a writing desk. There were 
no l:)lackboards and the text books were 
quite primitive. In one end of the room 
was an immense fire-place that would ac- 
commodate a six-foot log. Mr. Gaines was 
eleven years of age before he mastered the 
alphabet and most of his knowledge has 
been gained through observation, reading 
and experience, but possessing an observing 
eye and retentive memory he became a well 
informed man ere he had been in the busi- 
ness world many years. As a boy and 
youth he was always busy. His father be- 
lie\'ed in keeping his sons employed and 
when the work of the fields was over they 
were sent into the timber, so that there were 
few leisure moments that fell to their lot. 
The only coats \\-hich Francis Gaines had up 
to the time he was twenty-one years of age 
were woven and made by his mother, who 
spun and wove for her entire family. In 
early life the father had learned the tailor's 
trade and after working hard all day he 
would return home at night and assist his 
wife in cutting and making clothes for the 
children. 

In February, 1842, Mr. Gaines came 
with his father to Illinois, visiting Edgar 
and A^ermilion counties, where thev bought 



290 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



two luindred head of cattle, which they 
drove to market in Lancaster county, Penn- 
syhania. It required alx)ut sixty days to 
make the trip to tlie east. Danville was then 
a little village with few improvements. 
James Gaines and our suhject came west in 
1846 and herded a bunch of cattle for his 
father for four months, the father propos- 
ing to give his sons half the proceeds for 
their assistance, so when the cattle was sold 
the}' found that they each possessed three 
hundred dollars, having sold them for four- 
teen dollars and fifty cents apiece. .\s Fran- 
cis Gaines had married the year before he 
and his wife started west with four cows and 
twenty head of sheep. They left their Ohio 
home in .August. 1847. accompanied by his 
sister and her husband, who had a similar 
outfit. On arriving in Vermilion county. 
Mr. Gaines took up his abode in a house 
Axliich his father had purchased for him a 
short time before. Immediately after his 
arrival he entered forty acres of land and 
his father had purchased eighty acres for 
him. Four years later he bought one hun- 
dred and si.xty acres that his father had en- 
tered, lie made his first two payments 
with the [iroceods on corn which he sold at 
twelve and a half cents per bushel, which 
was a good price in those days. Mr. Gaines 
Udw has three hundred acres of \alu.il)le 
land on sections 32 and 33, Carroll town- 
slii]). 

On the 27th of Novemlx^r, 1845, Mr. 
Gaines was married to Mary J. McFar- 
land, daughter of Arthur McFarland. one 
of the early settlers of Greene county, Ohio. 
They became the parents of se\en children, 
but onlv two reached mature \-ears. Sarah 
A. is the wife of F. D. Neblick, who is 
farming on her father's land, ami they have 
three children. Dale, Mabel and Edith. Ed- 



mund B., the son, resides near \'irginia 
Hill, Montana, and has three children, For- 
rest. Raymond and Beulah. Mrs. (iaines 
died on .\i)ril 20. 1871, and on the 29th of 
October following Mr. Gaines wedded Mrs. 
Josei)liine Gaines, a daughter of Leonard 
and Catherine ( Ikuim ) Patterson and the 
widow of his brother William. The only 
child of this marriage died in infancy. By 
her first husband Mrs. Gaines had a .son, 
Frank, who is engaged in farming in Car- 
roll township. He married Ada Kilgore 
and has one child. Buena Lillian. Mrs. 
Gaines was one of seven children and the 
eldest of the three now lix'ing, the others 
being; Emm;i, wife of William A'anneman, 
of Ridgefarm. Illinois; and John Harvey 
Patterson, who resides on the old Patterson 
homestead in Carroll township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gaines are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church of Tndianola, to 
which he has lielonged for fifty-two years 
and for a half century he has been steward 
and also a trustee. For many years he voted 
the Democratic ticket but is now a Prohi- 
bitionist. He served as school director for 
twch'e years, was commissioner of high- 
ways three years, was school trustee six 
years and was elected supervisor but refused 
to serve. Until 1883 Mr. Gaines lived upon 
his farm and then built a commodious resi- 
dence in Indianola, which he has since oc- 
cujiied. Here through the past twenty 
years he has lived retired from active Ijusi- 
ness, having for more than a quarter of a 
century been an active factor in the agricul- 
tural circles of the county. His trustworthi- 
ness in business made his word as good as 
any bond c\er solemnized by signature or 
seal, and his uprightness in all life's rela- 
tions has commanded for him uniform con- 
fidence and regard. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



291 



J. A. INGLES, M. D. 

Not to know Dr. Ingles, of Hoopeston, 
is to argue one's self unknown. He has for 
many years practiced here and his kindly 
manner, deep sympathy and sincere interest 
in his fellow men, combined with his medical 
skill, have made him the loved family phy- 
sician in many a household. He traces his 
ancestry back to 1750, when the family was 
founded in America by representatives of the 
name who came from Scotland to the new 
world. The grandfather of our subject was 
James Ingles who settled in Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania, there carrying on the occupa- 
tion of farming. When the country became 
involved in war with the mother country he 
joined the American army and fought for 
the independence of the nation. His death 
occurred in Beaver county when he had at- 
tained the advanced age of ninety-three 
years. 

The Doctor's father was born in the 
same county and became a minister 
of the Associate Presbyterian church. 
As a pastor of that denomination he la- 
bored largely in northern Indiana, but 
his death occurred in Edina, Missouri, in 
1864, when he was sixty-six years of age, 
his birth having occurred in 1798. His wife 
bore the maiden name of Eliza J. Hillis and 
was born in Madison county, Indiana. Her 
father being Judge David Hillis, a distin- 
guished citizen of an early dav who served 
as judge of the circuit court and later rep- 
resented his district in congress. He was a 
civil engineer by profession and did much 
of the surveying of the state of Indiana, be- 
coming a pioneer settler of Jefferson county. 
Not only did he render his country service in 
civil life but also in military circles was he 
known as a defender of the best interests of 
his nation, for he served in the war of 1812. 



He was the only member of his family who 
ever took a prominent part in politics, but the 
judge was recognized as a leader of public 
thought and action in his community and he 
left the impress of his individuality upon the 
place of his residence. His daughter, Mrs. 
Ingles, died on the 31st of August, 1893, 
when more than eighty years of age. In 
their family were four children, James, J. 
A., Sarah and Ealy. 

Dr. Ingles, whose name introduces this 
record, attended the district common schools 
of Indiana and worked for his father until 
the spring of 1864, when he started out upon 
an independent business career. Wishing to 
make the practice of medicine his life work 
he prepared for this calling as a student in 
the .Starling Medical College, of Columbus, 
Ohio, which he entered in 1868. There he 
remained for two years, after which he be- 
gan practice in southern Illinois, being lo- 
cated for twenty years at Morea. Continu- 
ing his reading he secured a certificate of 
practice from the state board of health in 
1878 On the 19th of September, 1889, he 
came to Hoopeston, where he opened an of- 
fice and has since remained, devoting his at- 
tention to medical and surgical work. He 
has a fair share of public patronage and his 
ability is being continually augmented by his 
reading and research in the line of his pro- 
fession. 

In Parke county, Indiana, in 1861, Dr. 
Ingles was united in marriage to Miss Amy 
S. Ramsay, a native of that state. They 
now have four children, David W.. who is a 
barber, of Portland, Oregon, and married 
Carrie Chaffee : John S.. who is express agent 
on the Illinois Central Railroad at Paxton, 
this state and married Marguerite McCoy : 
Harry E., a plumber, li\ing at home; and 
Amy Grace, the wife of J. F. Mitchell, of 
Oklahoma. 



292 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



The Doctor resides with liis wife and son 
on Soutli Market street, where he lias a 
pleasant home. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He is a member of the Tri-County 
Medical Society. For about three months 
he was in the United States service during 
the Rebellion, being connected with the Fif- 
tieth Missouri Mounted Infantry as a mem- 
ber of Company A. under the command of 
Colonel Wirtz. The regiment was in the 
eastern part of the state, doing scouting duty 
to protect against bushwhackers, being en- 
gaged in chasing Quantrall's band most of 
the time This was in the latter part of 
1864. The Doctor is a man of many estima- 
ble qualities. His quiet, easy manner is cer- 
tainly an excellent characteristic for a physi- 
cian, in whom there should be no evidence 
of nervousness or excitability, quiet l>eing an 
essential of the sick room. He has, too, a 
cheery manner and sunny disposition which 
have rendered him popular with a large cir- 
cle of friends who also know him as a physi- 
cian of wortli. 



ANDREW H. KIMBROUGH, M. D. 

Among the citizens of Danville whose 
genuine worth and many excellent qualities 
have endeared them to their fellow men is 
Dr. Andrew II. Kimbrough, whose position 
in the public regard is not less the result of 
his professional power than of his irre- 
proachable private life. The Doctor is a na- 
tive of Hardin county, Kentucky, born on 
the 27th of February, 1823. He is descended 
from good old Revolutionary stock, his an- 
cestors having taken part in the war which 
brought independence to the colonies. The 
line of descent can be traced back directly 
on the father's side to General Ethan Allen, 



the distinguished commander of Vermont 
troops. Richard Cahin Kimbrough, the fa- 
ther of our subject, was a native of North 
Carolina and became a soldier in the war of 
I Si 2. He w-as wounded at the battle of 
Horseshoe Bend, his arm being almost en- 
tirely severed by the Indians. He was also 
in the battle of New Orleans. It was during 
the progress of the war of 1812 that the 
Kimbrough family was founded in Ken- 
tucky, the settlement being made near the 
birthplace of Lincoln, in Hardin county. In 
that locality resided the family of Colonel 
Morrison, who was an uncle of Dr. Kim- 
brough. Richard C. Kimbrough was united 
in marriage in Hardin county, Kentucky, to 
Jane Morrison. He was a tanner by trade 
and in Kentucky he purchased a farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres which he continued 
to cultivate for some time. At length, how- 
e\er. he removed to Edgar county, Illinois, 
where he lived until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1S33. In his political affiliations 
he was a Democrat and in his religious faith 
was a member of the Christian church. His 
wife long survived him and died on the ist 
day of June, 1876. In their family were 
four children, three of whom reached years 
of maturity, but the Doctor is the only one 
who now survives. 

In taking up the personal history of Dr. 
Kimbrough we present to our readers the life 
record of one who has a very extensive ac- 
quaintance in Vermilion county and who is 
honored by all who know him. He was but 
a boy when taken by his parents to Edgar 
county, Illinois, where he acquired his lit- 
erary education. Determining to make the 
practice of medicine his life work, he then 
entered the Jefferson Medical College, in 
which he was grailuated in the spring of 
1858. He took up the subject of medicine, 
however, in 1842, and removed to Paris, Illi- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



295 



nois. ^ He then practiced for four months. 
In the year of his graduation he located in 
Georgetown, \'ermihon county, and in 1873 
he came to Danville, where he practiced con- 
tinuously and successfully until igoi, when, 
•on account of his age and health, he was 
compelled to retire. He ever kept abreast of 
the times with the best thinking men of his 
profession. He read and studied extensive- 
ly and had the ability to apply with accuracy 
and benefit to his fellow men the knowledge 
that he had acquired. He is a member of the 
Vermilion County Medical Society, the 
State Medical Society, the National Medical 
Society and he was one of the charter mem- 
l:)ers of the Vermilion County Medical So- 
ciety. The Doctor has been very prominent 
in the Odd Fellows fraternity of which he 
has been a member for fifty-one years, being 
one of the oldest representatives of the or- 
ganization in the state. For sixteen years 
he was elected high priest of the order and 
for many years he has been a valued repre- 
•sentative of the Knights of Honor. In pol- 
itics he is now a warm Democrat and while 
he has always kept well informed on the is- 
sues and questions of the day he has always 
refused to accept public office, preferring to 
devote his time and energies to his business 
affairs which have been of an important 
■character and extensive proportions. 

On the 14th of March, 1847, "^ar Mar- 
shall, Clark county, Illinois, the Doctor was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah Ashmore, 
who was born in that county April 10, 1820, 
a daughter of Amos Ashmore, whose birth 
occurred at Greenville, Tennessee. Her 
mother bore the maiden name of Patience 
McGuire, and was a native of Marion, Penn- 
sylvania, in which place she was married. 
Mr. A.shmore was the first white child born 
in Greenville and Jived in an old cabin there. 
His father entered eleven hundred acres of 



land on Duck river, in Kentucky, but lost it 
through' war claims. The great-grandfather 
of ^Irs. Kimbrough was a professor in the 
University of Edinburg, in London, and a 
clunTh and street of that city were named in 
his honor. Her grandfather was born in 
London to which place his parents had re- 
moved from Scotland. Her grandfather 
McGuire was born on the ocean when his 
parents were crossing the Atlantic to Amer- 
ica. They were strong Catholics and fled 
from the Emerald isle during the period of 
the persecution of the Irish people. Both the 
paternal and the maternal grandfather of 
Mrs. Kimbrough served in the Revolution- 
ary war under Washington. Her father was 
an own cousin of Sam Houston, the libera- 
tor of Texas, and was said to resemble him 
greatly in personal appearance. A farmer 
by occupation, he also engaged in taking 
contracts for the construction of public 
roads. For a time he resided near Newman, 
Tennessee, but before the birth of his daugh- 
ter he removed to a place five miles from 
Terre Haute, Indiana, thence going to Clark 
county, Illinois. Later he became a resident 
of Georgetown, "V^ermilion county, and died 
in Elwood township in 1863, at the age of 
eighty-one years. His wife had passed away 
in 1 86 1. In his political faith he was a Jack- 
son Democrat and in religious belief was a 
Presbyterian. Mrs. Ashmore had four 
brothers who were Presbyterian ministers. 
One of these. Rev. Stephen Balch, was chap- 
lain of the first congress that convened after 
the election of George Washington to the 
presidency of the United States. At his 
death his remains were interred in the Con- 
gressional cemetery at Washington. Mrs. 
Ashmore is also a distant relative of Gen- 
eral ^^'ayne and it is said personally re- 
seml:)led him. Mr. Ashmore in the paternal 
line was a lineal descendant of Rev. Wither- 



2<ji 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



spoon, a Presl)\tei"ian minister and one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Mrs. Kimbrouf^h now recounts many 
events of the Kevuhitionary war wliich she 
heard from her own people and if written 
would make a very interesting volume. She 
says that the Indians were very numerous in 
this state during her early girlhood, and she 
was personally acquainted with a number of 
noted chiefs, including Killbuck who traded 
with the whites. She came to Vermilion 
county in 1858 and from that time forward 
has been a resident of this portion of the 
state. She was one of a family of ten chil- 
dren, three sons and seven daughters, but 
onlv three of tlie number are now living: 
]\Iargaret, who is the widow of Rev. Isaac 
Bennett and resides in St. Louis, Missouri ; 
Mrs. Kimbrough ; and Mary, the widow of 
Rev. Preston W. Thompson and a resident 
of Macomb, Illinois. Unto the Doctor and 
his wife have been born three children : Lau- 
ra, at home ; Eugene R. E. and Ardilla. The 
son has been a member of the state legisla- 
ture for two terms — 1878 and 1879, and was 
mayor of Dan\-ille for one term. When he 
was but a boy he said he was going to have 
three diplomas and he w'on the first from 
Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College, of 
Chicago, the second from the State Univer- 
sity in 1873 and the third upon his admission 
to the bar. He was one of the leading ora- 
torical contestants in the State University. 
He married Julia C, a daughter of Senator 
Tincher, and they reside in Danville, where 
he now owns a half interest in the Temple 
building'. Their only child is deceased. 

Dr. Kimbrough and his wife celebrated 
their golden wedding anniversary on the 
16th of March, 1897, when they were ten- 
dered a magnificent reception at their Vjeauti- 
ful residence bv relatives and friends who 
presented them with more lovely and costly 



tokens of esteem than have ever been given 
at a wedding party in Danville. Guests to 
the number of one hundred and thirty were 
assembled and the occasion was a most en- 
joyable one. I'or the past twenty years this 
worthy couple have attended the Presbyte- 
rian church and they are now living in their 
attractive home in Danville and in the even- 
ing of life arc surrounded by many warm 
friends and by all that goes to make life 
comfortable and worth the living. Devoted 
to each other as they were in the days of their 
courtship, their mutual love and confidence 
has increased as the years have gone by and 
none of the older couples of this city are held 
in higher esteem or are more greatly beloved 
by their friends than are Dr. and Mrs. Kim- 
brough. 



ABRAHA.M MANX, Sr. 

While Danville is indebted to the men 
of the present lor w hat they are accomplish- 
ing for her welfare and further upbuilding 
she can never repay the debt of gratitude 
w hich she owes to the pioneers of the coun- 
ty, the men who coped with the natural 
conditions, who bravely faced the hardships 
and difliculties ever incident to frontier life 
and who laid broad and deep the fountla- 
tion for the present i)rogress and prosj)erity 
of this section of the slate. In the year 
1832 Abraham Mann, Sr.. made his way 
into the interior of Illinois, here to bear an 
important part in the founding of the coun- 
tv, and yet he was not the first of the name 
who [)enetrated into the wild of the Missis- 
sippi valley and aided in opening up this 
great section of the country for the uses of 
civilization. His father had preceded him 
into the ceiUral section of the coimtry and 
these honored pioneers wrought along lines 




ABRAHAM MANN SR. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



297 



of the greatest good, not only for their own 
generation but for their posterity. 

John Mann, the father, was a native of 
England and came to America wlien this 
country was still counted among the colonial 
possessions of Great Britain. He belonged 
to a London firm dealing in paints and oils, 
and in the interest of the firm he came to 
the new world, locating first in New Or- 
leans. From that point he penetrated into 
the interior at an epoch when few settle- 
ments had been made upon either side of 
the Mississippi from the source to the 
mouth. However, he proceeded up the Fa- 
ther of Waters in a canoe, passed stretches 
of country that extended along the river 
bank for miles unmarked by any habitation 
or indication of the ownership of the white 
race. He was one of the first to make his 
way up the stream and he penetrated into 
the interior of the country as far north as 
St. Anthony's Falls, which later became St. 
Paul, Minnesota, trading with the Indians 
and shipping his cargoes down the Missis- 
sippi to the Crescent City. After the Revo- 
lution congress gave him grants of land in 
Louisiana and New York to the amount of 
thirty thousand acres to compensate him for 
the losses which he suffered because of the 
hostilities. Later he returned to England 
and spent his last days in London. 

Unto John Mann and his wife Elizabeth, 
on the 4th of October, 1785, was born a son 
to whom they gave the name of Abraham. 
The place of his nativity is Leighton-Buz- 
zard, Bedfordshire, England, and in that 
country he was reared and educated, be- 
coming connected with agricultural pur- 
suits, which he followed continuously until 
his emigration to x^merica in 1832. The 
new world, which had attracted his father, 
also proved of interest to him, and desirous 
of making his home beyond tJie water he 

13 



sailed with his family for the United States, 
taking passage at Liverpool on a sailing 
vessel which after a voyage of seven weeks 
reached the harbor of New York. From 
that place he started inland, in company 
with his brother-in-law, Joseph Smith. 
They made their journey by way of the 
Great Lakes to Detroit, Michigan, where 
they purchased saddle horses and rode 
across the country to Vermilion county, 
settling near Danville, which was then but 
a hamlet. For miles around stretched the 
wild prairie, most of it still in possession of 
the government, and Mr. Mann entei;ed a 
claim of si.x hundred and forty acres, on 
which he built a pioneer home — a log cabin 
— that stood near the present residence of 
his son until a few years ago. In the meant- 
time, however, a commodious and attractive 
frame residence had been erected and into 
this the family moved, theirs being one of 
the fine country seats of the county. The 
work of cultivation, development and im- 
provement was pushed forward rapidly up- 
on the farm under the supervision of Mr. 
Mann, and as he found opportunity he en- 
tered other land from time to time until 
he had several thousand acres. He brought 
with him to the new world the advanced 
ideas of farming of the old country and 
combined with this was his ready adapta- 
bility to new conditions and surroundings. 
He not only kept abreast with the times 
but was a leader in the working of advanc- 
ing agricultural interests and was equally 
prominent in regard to public affairs per- 
taining to the upbuilding of the count}'. 

Ere leaving his native land Mr. Mann 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary Ann 
Smith, who was born in England, April 15, 
1 791, a daughter of Thomas and Mary 
Smith, also born in the same country. Her 
father died September 8, 1839, at the age of 



298 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD ^ 



sixty-eight years and nine months. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Mann were born tour chil- 
dren : ^lary Ann, born in Leighton-Buz- 
/card, England, July 14, 1823, died Febru- 
ary 5, 1890. Abraham is the only surviv- 
ing member of the family and his sketch is 
given in this work. John Thomas is also 
represented elsewhere in this volume; and 
Katherine was the fourth member of the 
family. 

It would be almost impossible to give 
a complete account of what Abraham Mann, 
Sr., did for \'ermilion county. Aside from 
his work in bettering agricidtural contli- 
tions here, he labored earnestly and effect- 
ively for the general welfare along moral, 
intellectual and social lines. He burned 
the brick to build a residence upon his farm 
but as there was no church in the locality, 
he used this brick for the erection of the 
chapel which still stands on the homestead 
premi-ses. It is nicely equipped and church 
services are still held therein. In religious 
faith he was a ]\Iethodist and he took an 
active interest in the work of the church 
and the extension of its influence, con- 
tributed generously to its support and by 
precept and example taught the power of 
Christianity. He would never consent to 
liold i)ublic office, although in every other 
way possible he labored to benefit the coun- 
try and promote its upbuilding. A man of 
considerable artistic taste, he delighted in 
the beautiful works of art and when but a 
l)(iv ho displax'ed considerable skill in that 
direction by drawing a map of England in 
1800. This was done in Bedfordshire and 
is a magnificent piece of work, now in pos- 
session of his son, Abraham Mann. Jr. He 
had business interests in his native country 
as well as in America, being connectetl with 
a large comjiany that jwssessed landed min- 
ing interests in the new world. 



Mr. Mann died Octoljer 19, 1875, '^^ l''^' 
Jiomc in this county, and Jiis wife passed 
a\\a\- September 13, 1839. both beir.g in- 
terreil in the cemetery on the old family 
homestead. He was a man of sterling rec- 
titude of character and of integrity above 
question, of even temperament, of refinetl 
character — one in whom nature and culture 
\'ied in making an honored and interesting 
gentleman. During the formative period, 
the crucial epoch in the history of \'ermilion 
county, he stood as the promoter of every 
measure tending to make a firm foundation 
for the later-da V ])rogress and improvement 
and the impetus which he gave to all that is 
good, beneficial and noble, is still manifest 
in his influence over the lives of those with 
whom he came in contact. 



ESTHER E. B RAX HAM. 

The estin:able lady wlu) bears this name, 
is a resident of Indianola, Illinois, and the 
widow of .Vnnanias Branham. She was 
l)orn in Monroe county. Indiana, .\pril i. 
1839. and in her maidenhood bore the name 
of Esther E. Sunimet. her ])arents being 
Jacob and Esther ( Kerb\- ) Summet. who 
were the parents of the following named 
children : Jeremiah C, who was killed in 
the Civil war. in 1862: Alice C. Everroad, 
who died in March. 1886; Esther E., of 
this review: William .\.. a real-estate dealer 
in Kansas City. Missouri, who have five chil- 
dren : Henry, a stone mason of Xeodosha, 
Kansas, who has three children and was a 
soldier of the Ci\il war; and Emily, who 
died in 1873 and was the wife of James 
\\'akefield. a soldier of the Civil war and a 
farmer bv (Kcupation. 

On the 5th of April, i860. Esther E. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



299 



Summet became the wife of Annanias Braii- 
ham. He, too, was a native of Monroe 
county. Indiana. Their wedding was cele- 
brated while the tocsin of war was sounding, 
and a year and a half after their marriage, 
true to the call of his country, Mr. Bran- 
ham left his young wife with her people 
and joined the Twenty-second Indiana \^ol- 
unteer Infantry. For three years he served 
his country faithfully and well, and then, 
when his services were no longer needed he 
recei\ed an honorable discharge and returned 
to his home. From Indiana, Mr. and Mrs. 
Branham removed to Edgar county, Illinois, 
in 1870, and in 1875 they settled on a farm 
near Indianola, where they remained until 
Mr. Branham's death, which occurred Au- 
gust 19, 1894. Mrs. Branham remained on 
this farm until November 26, 1901, when 
she removed to the village of Indianola, 
where she now resides with her three sons, 
Walter, Lawson and Frank. For thirty- 
four years Mr. and Mrs. Branham lived to- 
gether in happy wedded life, sharing the 
joys and sorrows, the prosperity and advers- 
ity which fall to the lot of all. When Mr. 
Branham was called away the community 
lost a good citizen and the family a devoted 
husband and father. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Branham 
was blessed with the following children : 
Florence, aged forty-one, is the wife of Ed- 
ward Massie, of Boise, Idaho; Elmer E., 
thirty-seven years of age, married Ella Stew- 
art in December, 1897, and had two children, 
but both are now deceased. Kerby E., thir- 
ty-four years of age and a carpenter of In- 
dianola, married Melinda Martin, April 11, 
1900. He served as a soldier of the Spanish- 
American war. Walter, aged thirty-two 
years, resides at home with his mother. 
Hazel O. is the wife of George Byer, a 



farmer of Georgetown, Illinois. She is 
twenty-eight years of age and they have one 
little daughter, aged six years. Lawson, 
aged twenty-five years, is a prosperous young 
merchant of Indianola, and resides at home 
with his mother. Frank, also at home, is 
twenty-two years of age. 

For a quarter of a century Mrs. Bran- 
ham has been a resident of Vermilion coun- 
ty ; and she has always been highly regarded 
here for her genuine worth of character. 
Her sons and daughters are worthy citizens 
of their respective communities and Mrs. 
Branham has the high esteem of all with 
whom she is associated. 



J. J. HEALY. 

A large and well equipped department 
store of Indianola is the property of J. J. 
Healy, and his business career is one which 
has ever been creditable and honorable. At 
the same time he has achieved success and 
his lifehistory shows that prosperity may be 
gained through persistent and well directed 
effort. Mr. Healy was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 25, 1855, and is a son 
of Patrick and Mary (Tracy) Healy, both 
of whom are natives of Ireland, the former 
born in county Tipperary and the latter in 
county Limerick. Their marriage was cele- 
brated in Boston, both having come to Amer- 
ica in the year 1845. The father was em- 
ployed as a stationary engineer in the east 
and afterward removed to Chicago, where 
both he and his wife died, his death occurring 
in 1896, while his wife passed away in 1893. 
The father was a Democrat in his political 
views. In the family of this worthy couple 
were five sons and one daughter, and of this 



300 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



number the following are living: J. J.; 
William and Thomas, who are employed in 
the Chicago postoffice; and Elizabeth and 
Dennis, who are residents of Chicago. 

J. J. Healy pursued his education in the 
Skinner school of Chicago and from an early 
age was dependent upon his own resources 
for a living. When still quite young he 
worked during the day, attending school at 
night, thus paying for his own education 
for five years. He had begun work wlien 
but a youth of nine summers, carrying brick 
for the building of sewers in Chicago on the 
bulkhead. For three years he worked dur- 
ing the summer and attended school in the 
wimer. He next went to St. Joseph. Mis- 
souri, when he was fifteen years of age, and 
there he continued his education at the same 
time following any employment that would 
yield him an honest dollar. His determina- 
tion to secure an education was proof of the 
strong character which would develop with 
the passing years. He engaged in teaching 
school for four years in St. Joseph and then 
returned to Chicago, where he was employed 
as a salesman and bookkeeper in a commis- 
sion house on South Water street. After 
filling that position for about two years he 
went to work for F. Salter, with whom he 
remained for four years. He continued to re- 
side in Chicago until the latter part of 18S2, 
when he came to Indianola, where he en- 
gaged in merchandising. This business In 
has continued to the present time. He has 
a very large dep;irtment store which is 
hea\ily stocked with everything found in a 
first class establishment of this character. He 
carries drygoods, boots and shoes, groceries, 
and even farming implemaits and machin- 
ery', and his patronage is extensive. His 
business methods are such as require no dis- 
guise and will bear the closest in\estigation, 



and because of his honorable ilealing and 
his marked industry he has won very credit- 
aljle success. He has an interest in the opera 
lK)use here and owns an elegant modern res- 
idence which is built in the Queen Anne style 
of architecture and fitted up most tastefully. 
In Chicago on the 15th of Septeml^er, 
1880, Mr. Healy was united in marriage to 
Miss Emma C. Pattison, of Indianola, Illi- 
nois, who was born in Ohio, November 25, 
1848, a daughter of Elijah and Mary (Cox) 
Pattison. Her father was born in Ohio and 
her mother in Vermilion county, Illinois. 
She was a daughter of Samuel Cox, who 
came from Pennsylvania to this state and she 
was the first white child born in \'ermilion 
county. She is now living in Indianola at 
the age of eighty years, and is a very active, 
intelligent lady, still doing her own house- 
work. She became the wife of Mr. Pattison, 
in Indianola; and he afterward tlevoted his 
energies to farming until his death, which 
occurred in 1875. In politics he was a 
Democrat and he held membership in the 
Methodist Episcopal church. In the family 
of this worthy couple were six sons and 
four daughters : W. George, who is vice 
president of the l^johart Livestock Commis- 
sion Company, of Chicago ; Simeon, de- 
ceased ; Ed, who resides in Indianola ; Anna 
E., of Chicago; Emma C. the wife of our 
subject ; Franklin and Leander who are resi- 
dents of Indianola ; :\Iary Jane and John, 
both deceased ; and Luella, who resides with 
her mother. Mr. and Mrs. Healy have had 
but one child. Anna M.. who was Ixirn in 
1882 and graduated with the class of 1900 
in the Indianola High School. 

Mr. Healy gives his political support to 
the Democracy and has been honored with 
a number of public ofiices. He has served as 
township clerk, was also mayor and treas- 





^ V KcA-^ (y^ t,v 




{XA-'^iy^-^^ 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



303 



urer of his town, and is now ser\-ing as a 
member of the county central committee 
from Carroll township. He was also post- 
master of Indianola during President Cleve- 
land's administration, succeeding a man 
who had held the position for twenty years. 
He belongs to Vermilion Lodge, No. 265, 
F. & A. AI., and their lodge room is in his 
building. He is also a member of the 
Modern Woodmen Camp and has member- 
ship relations with the Fraternal Army and 
the Knights of the Globe. When he came to 
Indianola and established his present busi- 
ness he had a capital of only one hundred 
and fifty dollars. Since that time he has 
had twenty years' experience and during this 
long period he has been absent from his 
business altogether but three months and five 
da3's. He now owns one of the largest de- 
partment stores in the county and his success 
is due to close application, a thorough un- 
derstanding of trade relations and marked 
enterprise and diligence. 



ABRAHAM MANN. Jr. 

Abraham Mann, Jr., living on section 
26, Ross township, is one of the substan- 
tial farmers and stock-raisers and feeders 
of Vermilion county. He is. too, one of the 
largest land owners within its borders, hav- 
ing four thousand acres in Ross and Grant 
townships, all of which is well improved 
and valuable. No history of the county 
would be complete without the record of 
his life, not only because of the splendid 
success which he has achieved but also be- 
cause he is one of the honored early set- 
tlers of this portion of the state, having 
resided in the county since 1834. 

He is one of the worthv citizens that 



England has furnished the United States, 
his birth having occurred in Leighton-Buz- 
zard, Bedfordshire, that country, February 
17, 1829. John Mann, the grandfather of 
our subject, came to the new world prior 
to the Revolutionary war and traveled 
through the then largely unexplored west. 
He made a trip up the Mississippi river in 
a canoe wnth the Indians and is said to have 
been the first man that penetrated as far 
north on the river as St. Anthony Falls, 
now St. Paul, Minnesota. After the Revo- 
lutionary war congress gave him grants of 
lands both in Louisiana and New York in 
compensation for losses which he had suf- 
fered during the period of hostilities. He 
later returned to England and spent his last 
years in London. 

Our subject's father, Abraham Mann, 
Sr.. was born, reared and married in Eng- 
land, the lady of his choice being Mary Ann 
Smith. He carried on farming for a num- 
ber of years on the merrie isle and four chil- 
dren were added to the family there. He 
then emigrated to the new world in 1832, 
spending the first winter after his arrival 
in Herkimer. New York. Then in connec- 
tion with his brother-in-law. Mr. Smith, 
journeyed westward to Illinois and selected 
a location for his famih' in X'ermilion coun- 
ty. Illinois. He entered six hundred and 
forty acres of land where the subject of this 
review now resides and with characteristic 
energy he began breaking the fields and im- 
proving the farm. In a log house, which he 
built, he made his home for several years 
and then replaced the pioneer cabin by a 
good frame house. He also bought more 
land and owned several thousand acres, 
thus becoming one of the extensi\-e land- 
holders in Vermilion county. He was a 
very prominent agriculturist, influential in 
public affairs, as well as successful in pri- 



304 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



vate business interests and all who knew him 
respected him for his genuine worth. He 
spent his last years in this county and when 
called to his final rest many friends mourned 
his loss. 

Abraham Mann, of this review, is the 
only survivor of a family of two sons and 
two daughters. He was reared to maniiood 
upon the farm where he now resides and 
when a little lad of ten or twelve years he 
returned with his parents to England, where 
he was placed in school at Biggelswade, 
where he completed his course. r'rc\ious 
to this time he had pursued his education 
in Crawfordsville, Indiana. The family re- 
mained in England for about four years 
and then again came to the United States, 
taking up their abode on a farm here. Af- 
ter the fatlier's death our subject and his 
brother John took charge of the old home 
place and the business and together carried 
on agricidtural pursuits for several years. 
Abraham Mann has since purchased more 
land to the extent of about one thousand 
acres. He has on his home farm a very 
commodicnis brick residence, in the rear of 
which stand good barns and all necessary 
outbuildings for the shelter of grain and 
stock. Around his home are beautiful 
shade and evergreen trees and a broad lawn 
which is well kept. He has also planted an 
orchard and tlie various equipments of the 
model farm of the twentieth century are 
there found. He also has se\-eral other 
farms in \'ermilion county, all of which 
are improved with substantial accessories. 
He makes a business of raising and feeding 
stock for the market and ships on an aver- 
age of from ten to twentv car-loads of cat- 
tie annually and a numl^er of car-loads of 
hogs. He now has a fine herd of 
about one hundred head of registered 
short-horn cattle with a fine Cruiksliank 



l)ull at the head of the herd. He is one of 
the most e.\tensi\'e and prosperous stock- 
raisers and farmers of the county and is 
a business man of marked ability, far- 
sighted, enterprising and purposeful. He 
is likewise a stockholder in the First Na- 
tional Bank of Danville and one of its 
directors. 

Mr. Mann was married in \'ermihon 
County, June 13. 1882, to Miss Margaret 
Ann Dale, a sister of John W. Dale, of Dan- 
ville. Three sons have been born unto 
theiu : John, who is a graduate of the Ross- 
ville high school ; George Dale, a student 
in the Culver Alilitary Academy, of In- 
diana ; and Edw ard Harold, who is a stu- 
dent in the home school. Another member 
of the household is Miss Emma Dale, who 
has resided with Mr. and I\lrs. Mann since 
the death of her mother. 

When the Republican party sprung in- 
to existence, making the opposition of the 
further extension of slavery its leading is- 
sue. Mr. Mann joined its ranks and has 
since been one of its earnest supporters, 
voting for each presidential nominee of the 
party since he cast iiis ballot for John C. 
f'^renionl in 1856. His business interests 
ha\'e been too extensi\e to admit of his tak- 
ing an actise ])art in political work even had 
he so desired and he has never even wished 
for the rewards of office in recognition of his 
partv fealty. He has, however, been a 
member of the school board and has done 
effective w^rk in behalf of the cause of 
education. He and his wife are members 
of the ]\lethodist Episcopal church, belong- 
ing to Manus Chapel, and Mr. Mann takes 
a most active interest in everything pertain- 
ing to the general good along material, 
social, intellectual and moral lines. 

He has been a resident of Vermilion 
county during the great part of the time 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



305 



of sixty-eiglit years and has witnessed the 
marked changes which have occurred as 
development and growth has transformed 
pioneer coiichtions into modern progress. 
He has seen deer and wild game here in 
great numhers. but these have disappearetl 
and now herds of cattle and other domestic 
animals have taken the place of the wild 
ones. Mr. Mann has witnessed the con- 
struction of the roads and of the railroads 
and has .seen Danville developed from a 
little villag'e of three houses until it has be- 
come one of the leading cities of the state. 
He has seen the various farms opened and 
developed and at all times has given an ac- 
tive co-operation to meastires pertaining to 
the general good. A most successful and 
enterprising business man, he possesses 
keen discrimination and sound business 
judgment, unflagging industry and strong 
purpose and these cjualities have enabled 
him to gain an enviable position among the 
respected and wealthy citizens of Vermilion 
county. 



J. H. RHOTEN. 



J. H. Rhoten, who is actively engaged in 
gardening and in the cultivation of fruit 
and flowers just outside the city limits of 
Danville, owns a valuable tract of seven and 
one-half acres of land, and in the conduct of 
his business he has become well known for 
his reliability, as well as for the excellence 
of his products. As he has a wide acquaint- 
ance here his life history cannot fail to prove 
of interest to many of our readers. 

J. H. Rhoten was born in Putnam coun- 
ty, Indiana, June 21, 1846. His paternal 
grandfather was James Rhoten, who was 
a native of England and came to Anierica 



in colonial days and fought for the independ- 
ence of the country at the time of the Rev- 
olutionary war. He lived to the ripe old age 
of nearly one hundred years. While in the 
ser\-ice he e.xperienced all of the hardships 
and privations which befell the American 
troops and on one occasion he had nothing 
to eat for three days except two apples. 
Thomas Rhoten, the father of our suliject, 
was born in Brown county, Ohio, where he 
spent the first sixteen years of his life and 
then Ijecamc a resident of Putnam county, 
Indiana, where he attained his majority and 
was married, the lady of his choice being 
Sarah Woolery, who was born in that coun- 
ty. Mr. Rhoten carried on farming there 
until 1854, when he remo\-ed to Cumberland 
county, Illinois, where he opened up a farm, 
continuing its cultivation for several years. 
About 1869 he came to Vermilion county 
and took up his residence upon a farm near 
Danville, making it his home throughout his 
remaining days. He died about 1876 at 
the age of seventy years and his wife passed 
away in 1871. 

J. H. Rhoten of this review was a little 
lad of eight summers when with his jiarents 
he came to Illinois and he was reared in 
Cumberland county, this state until seven- 
teen years of age. In 1863 he enlisted for 
service in the Union army, joining the Sixty- 
second Illinois Infantry as a member of 
Company G. With that command he went 
south and joined the western department. 
The first battle in which he engaged was at 
Little Rock. The regiment arrived there af- 
ter a forced march from Tennessee and they 
also did guard duty keeping the Arkansas 
river open for fifteen months, during which 
time they participated in a number of skirm- 
ishes. Later they were sent to Port Gibson, 
remaining there for six months, and in 



3o6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



]\rarcli. 1866, Mr. Rholen was honorab!}- 
discharged. He then returned home, where 
he remained one year, after wliich lie went 
to Douglas county, IlHnois, spending a year 
on a farm there. On the expiration of that 
period lie came to Vermihon county, where 
he engaged in farming for two years. He 
next turned his attention to bridge buikhng 
and carpenter work in the employ of the rail- 
road and was thus engaged for nine years. 
Subsequently he was employed in the coach 
building department of the shops at Danville 
for a similar period, largely doing repair 
work. While thus engaged he purchased the 
land on which his present residence was 
built and in the spring of 1902 he began the 
raising of fruit, vegetables and flowers, 
building a large greenhouse. The new en- 
ter])rise has already proved a protitablc one 
antl his patronage in this direction is con- 
tinuously increasing. 

Mr. Rhoten was married in Vermilion 
county, in 1870. to Miss Lucy Martin, a 
native of this county, and a daughter of the 
Rev. Rolla Martin, one of the first settlers 
here. ha\ ing come with his parents in early 
pioneer times. He was a minister of the 
Christian churcli and was also prominent iv 
pul)lic affairs, being elected fur two terms to 
the office of county treasurer. Unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Rhoten have been born two children 
who are yet living. Jessie is one of the suc- 
cessful school teachers of the county, hav- 
ing Ijeen connected with the Tilton school 
for nine years, and Katie is at home. They 
also lost one daughter, Edith, who died at 
the age of two years. The parents and 
daughters are active members of the First 
Christian church of Danville, taking a help- 
ful interest in its work. In his political af- 
filiations Mr. Rhoten is a Repul)lican and 
no one has reason to question his position on 



any political issue. He is well known in 
this city where his fidelity to duty, his trust- 
worthiness in business and his loyalty in 
friendship have made him a man worthy of 
the esteem and confidence of his fellow men. 



JOHN THOMAS MANX. 

T!ie extent and scope of the business in- 
terests which claimed the attention of Mr. 
Mann were certainly sufficient to win for him 
the a<lniiration and respect of his fellow citi- 
zens and yet he gained that regard through 
other ciualities as well, his influence being ex- 
erted in Ijehalf of many measures which con- 
tributed largely to the public good along in- 
tellectual and moral lines. The work l^egun 
by his illustrious father was carried on by 
him and his iimther and \'ermilion county 
has no more honored or honorable name upon 
the pages of its history than that of Mann. 
He whose name introduces this review 
was born at T-eighton-Buzzard, Bedford- 
shire, England, January 30, 183 1. being the 
second son of the four children of vVbraham 
and Mary Mann, who are represented else- 
where in this work. His education was 
largely acquired in his native country, al- 
though his parents came to the new world 
when he was onl_\- ;ibout a year old. His 
parents wishing him to enjoy educational 
privileges which could not be secured in the 
pioneer district in which they lived, sent him 
back to his native land, where he remained 
as a student for a munlier of years, master- 
ing the branches of learning which would 
prepare him for the ])ractical and responsi- 
l)le duties of a successful business career. 
When his education was completed he 
once more came to .-Vmerica, taking up 




dOHNTHOMAS MANN 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



309 



his residence in the homestead villa, 
which had been erected by his father 
and in connection witii his brother, Abra- 
ham Mann. Jr., he entered upon his busi- 
ness career. He always lived upon the 
old family homestead and the brothers were 
closely associated in extensive agricultural 
and commercial pursuits, making a specialty 
of the raising of cattle. John T. Mann be- 
came a great lover of stock and a most ex- 
cellent judge of cattle, horses and hogs. He 
learned readily to recognize the fine points 
of a domestic animal and he studied closely 
their needs and the conditions which would 
produce the best grades of stock. He had 
both a scientific and practical understanding 
of the business and his opinions were re- 
garded as authority on matters relating to 
stock over a wide territory of Illinois. The 
brothers made extensi\-e purchases and after 
fattening their stock sold to the city markets. 
They bought all over the southern part of 
the state and then shipped to Chicago, where 
they never failed to command the hightest 
market prices because of the excellent con- 
dition of the hogs, cattle and horses, whicii 
were sent to the western metropolis from the 
Mann farm. 

Living in Vermilion count}' in pioneer 
days Mr. Mann could remember seeing large 
herds of deer running over the farm, while 
woh-es were frequently killed and other 
kinds of wild animals were hunted. Vari- 
ous kinds of wild game were also to be had 
in abundance and pioneer conditions every- 
where existed. The homes of the settlers 
were widely scattered and many of the early 
residents lix'ed in log houses, in fact, such 
was the primitive home of the Mann family, 
but after a few years it was replaced by a 
large and pleasant country frame residence. 

John Thomas Mann was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Martha Cable, who was born 



on the 2 1 St of December, 1846, in Long Cren- 
dan, Buckinghamshire, England, a daughter 
of George and Elizabeth (Sanders) Cable, 
who were natives of Bedfordshire, Eng- 
land, and came to America in 1855, locating 
in Attica, Indiana, where they remained for 
four years, the father there devoting his 
energies to agricultural pursuits. At the 
end of that time he went with his family to 
Iroquois county, Illinois, where he remained 
for two years and then took up his abode 
in Rossville, this state, which was his place 
of residence for three years. At the end of 
that time he removed to Salt Fork, near 
Danville, where he lived for thirteen years, 
next becoming a resident of Homer, Illinois, 
where both he and his wife spent their re- 
maining days. They were the parents of 
eight children. After his marriage Mr. 
Mann took his bride to the home farm, living 
with his brother in the large family mansion. 
They had two children : Abraham, who was 
born May 15, 1869, and died Xovember 17, 
1889; and Mary Ann, who was born April 
iS, T871. and died February 23, 1890. Mr. 
Mann passed away on the 19th of October, 
1873, and his wife's death occurred in Santa 
Barbara, California, on the 27th of March, 
1S77. Both were laid to rest in the family 
burying ground on the old homestead. 

Mr. Mann enjoyed more than local repu- 
tation as a splendid marksman and a great 
hunter. He always kept a pack of grey 
hounds and deer dogs and at different times 
killed a large number of deer. Hunting was 
one of his most enjovable sources of recrea- 
tion. While he was deeply interested in his 
county and its advancement he never sought 
or desired office and in fact steadily refused 
to serve in any position of a political 
character. He took a very actix'e interest in 
school work, however, the cause of educa- 
tion finding in him a stalwart frientl, and he 



3IO 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



held nieinbersliii) in the Mctliudist churcli 
and bv liis presence as well as his material as- 
sistance aided in the upbuilding of the cause 
of Christianity. Xo worthy cause ever 
sought his co-operation in vain. and. wliile 
he did not believe in an indiscriminate giving 
which often fosters \^'igrancy and itlleness, 
he was a most charitable and benevolent man 
and to those who were really needy or in dis- 
tress he renMered ready and generous assist- 
ance. He possessed many excellent traits ot 
character, not tlie least of which was his close 
adherence to the golden rule. He made it 
his course of action in business as well as in 
private and social life and no word was ever 
uttered against the honor and integrity of 
John Thomas Mann. His life record is one 
indeed well worthy of emulation and througli 
the forty-two years of his residence in Ver- 
milion county he so endeared himself to his 
fellow citizens that the ties of friendship were 
only broken by death and his memory is still 
cherished Ijv those who knew him. 



JOSEl'H COL VANCE. 

In military and political circles Mr. 
Vance has been true to his country and its 
best interests and to-day in a position of pub- 
lic trust — that of justice of the peace — he 
is manifesting the same loyalty to the gen- 
eral good that he displayed when he fol- 
lowed the stars and stripes upon the battle- 
fields of the south. 

Mr. \'ance is a native of V^ermilion 
county, Illinois, bis birth having occurred in 
Oakwood township on the 2(1 of June, 1844, 
his parents having been John W. and De 
ziaii ( Rathborn ) Vance. The father was 
a native of Cjermany and in his boyhood 
came with his parents to Illinois, in the year 



1S22, the family settling in Oakwood town- 
ship. X'ermilion county. The father of our 
subject was there reared and afterward con- 
ducted salt works. He also had farming 
interests and in his business affairs he met 
with creditable success. He died in 1856, 
at the age of seventy-five years, while his 
wife, the mother of our subject, was called 
to her linal rest in 1865, at the age of fifty- 
two years. Of their family a son and two 
daughters now survive, the sisters of our 
subject lieing Lena G., the wife of Samuel 
Tilton, of Catlin. \'ermilion county, and 
Bridget, who is living in Danville. There 
were nine children altogether in the family. 

Mr. \'ance of this review obtained a dis- 
trict school education in early life and 
started out to make his own way in the world 
when a youth of fourteen years. He con- 
ducted a farm in Oakwood township for 
some time and afterw;ird came to Danxille, 
in the vear 1888. Here he became connected 
with official service and for five years was a 
capable member of the police force. For 
three years he filled the office of deputy 
sheriff under J. W. Xcwion. and was then 
elected justice of the ])eace, in 1890. to fill 
out the unexpired term of Tark T. Martin. 
He discharged his duties so faithfully and 
promptly that he was made the nominee of 
his ])arty at the regular election, in the spring 
of 1901, and was again chosen for tlie office. 

Mr. \'ance manifested his loyalty to the 
Union at the time of the Civil war. by his 
enlistment in July, 1862, for tltree months 
as a member of Company .\. Seventy-first 
Illinois Regiment. On the expiration nf 
that time he re-enlisted and became a mem- 
ber of Company F. Twenty-sixth Illinois In- 
fantrv. He went with Sherman on his cel- 
elirated march to the sea. and took part in 
all of the engagements from the .\tlanta 
campaigii. in 1864. until the close of the 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



311 



war, when he was mustered out, receiving 
an honorable disciiarge in July, 1865. 

In 1869 Mr. Vance was united in mar- 
riage to Lydia E. Matthewman, of Vermil- 
ion ct)unty. Illinois, and unto them have 
been born the following named : Alta, the 
wife of James derringer; John F. ; Alberta, 
the wife of Samuel Saylor; Josephine; 
Ethel ; and Dean. Mr. Vance belongs to 
the Masonic fraternity and also has mem- 
bership relations with the Modern Wood- 
men of America, and the Knights of Labor. 
Having always lived in Vermilion county. 
he has a wide acc|uaintance here and that 
his friendship is best prized by those wdio 
know him best, is an indication that his 
career has ever been an honorable one, 
worthy of the esteem and confidence of his 
fellow men. 



C. M. BRIGGS. 



As a distinguished member of the bar 
and as a leading Democratic politician C. M. 
Briggs is so well known in Vermilion coun- 
ty that he needs no introduction to the read- 
ers of this volume. His career has conferred 
honor and dignity upon the profession and 
the civic organizations with which he is 
associated and there is in him a weight of 
character, a natural sagacity, a far-seeing 
judgment and a fidelity of purpose that com- 
mand the respect of all. He opened his law 
office in Hoopeston in 1892 and has since 
gained a distinctively representative client- 
age. 

Mr. Briggs was born in Hardin county. 
Ohio, in 1865, a son of Matthew and Louisa 
(Webb) Briggs, who were residents of 
Richland county, that state. The father fol- 
lowed farming throughout the years of his 



business career and is now living retired in 
Forest, where be served as postmaster under 
President Cleveland. In the family were 
four children: Louisa, the wife of C. E. 
Young, of Delphos, Ohio; W. J., a resident 
of Huntington, Indiana ; Mrs. Olive Rey- 
nolds, of Fort Wayne, and C. M. 

In taking up the personal history of C. 
M. Briggs we present the life record of 
one who is now widely and favorably known 
in Vermilion county. His early education 
was acquired in the common schools and 
supplemented by an academic course pur- 
sued in Forest, Ohio. At the early age of 
fourteen years he entered a drug store and 
after being employed there for some time, 
during which period he gained a thorough 
and comprehensive knowledge of the busi- 
ness, he became the owner of a drug store 
in Hoopeston, Illinois. He also con- 
ducted a similar establishment in Morrison, 
this state, and is a registered pharmacist. 
Locating in Hoopeston he there conducted 
a drug store with excellent success for three 
years, after which, in 1892, he sold out to 
Dr. \Y. R. Wilson. In 1887 he had located 
permanently in Hoopeston and after a thor- 
ough course of law pursued under the direc- 
tion of H. M. Steeley, he was admitted to 
the Illinois bar upon passing an e.xamina- 
tion before the supreme court of the state 
in 1892. He then opened his law office in 
Hoopeston and has since engaged in practice 
here. His business has constantly grown in 
volume and importance and he has handled 
much litigation which has attracted wide at- 
tention. Devotedly attached to his profes 
sion, systematic and methodical in habit, 
sober and discreet in judgment and diligent 
in research — these qualities have enabled 
him to take a position in the front rank of the 
legal profession in Hoopeston. 



312 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



In 1885, in Paxton, Illinois, .Mr. JJrig\t;> 
was married to Miss Belle Uoke. who died 
in 1899 leaving one son. Jay, who is now 
sixteen years of age and is a student in his 
father's law office. On the 12th of June, 
1901, Mr. Briggs was again married, his 
second union lieing with Mrs. Addie Snively, 
a nati\e of Inxiuois county, Illinois. They 
ha\-e a pleasant home on Second avenue in 
the south end of the town and its gracious 
hospitality is cordially enjoyed by their many 
friends. Fraternally Mr. Briggs is con- 
nected with the Knights of Pythias, with 
the Mcidern Woodmen of America and with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. lie 
stands at the head of the silver element of 
the Democratic party in the northern part 
of \'crmiIion county and is very active in 
political work. He is a Buent orator, a logi- 
cal and entertaining speaker and during the 
two campaigns in which Bryan has been the 
nominee of the Democracy for president he 
has delivered many addresses in behalf of 
the Nebraska statesman. His prominence 
in ])olitical work resulted in his nomination 
for congress in opposition to Joseph Cannon, 
in T900. This nomination came to him not 
oidy unsought but entirely without his 
knowledge. At the time he was in Danville 
trying a case in court when a telegram was 
handed him announcing that his name had 
been placed on the ticket in connection with 
the office of congressman. Accepting the 
nomination he did efifective work in the cam- 
paign, using his efforts for the success of the 
Democratic party. It was a foregone con- 
clusion that his election was an impossibility 
but he carried the full vote of his party. He 
is a member of the Democratic county cen- 
tral committee and in 1898 he served as city 
solicitor of Hoopeston. On numerous oc- 
casions he has been a delegate to the Demo- 



cratic state conxentions and in the con\cn- 
tion of 1900 he was a member of the commit- 
tee on resolutions. Mr. Ilriggs is a young 
man of marked ability, possessing excellent 
traits of character. He is manly, sincere and 
outspoken and he has gained a high place in 
his profession by hard work and b}- merit 
which is widely recognized not only by the 
public but by the members of the legal fra- 
turnitv as well. 



CHARLES BUHL. 

For years an honoreil and respected resi- 
dent of l^an\ille, Charles Buhl p-issed away 
on the lotli of July, 1898, at the age of 
eighty-six years. As the day with its morn- 
ing of hope and promise, its noontide of ac- 
tixity, its evening of completed and success- 
ful effort, ending with the grateful rest and 
quiet of the night, so was the life of this 
lionored man. who was for many years 
])rominent in l)usiness circles and after com- 
ing to Danville invested largely in real 
estate, doing much to improve property in- 
terests here. 

He was born in Zelienople, Pennsylvania, 
on the 8th of Feljruary, 181 2, his parents 
being' Christian and i'"redericka Buhl, both 
of whom were natixes of Germany, whence 
they came to America prior to their mar- 
riage. The father took up his residence in 
the Keystone state and for a number of 
N'cars was justice of the peace. He after- 
ward served for a number of terms as 
county judge and his decisions were strictly 
fair and imjiartial. He left the impress of 
his indi\iduality upon the early judicial his- 
tory of his county. He was a man of 
marked ]5ersonalit\-, well fitted to become a 




CHARLES BUHL. 




MRS. CHARLES BUHL. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



317 



leader of public thought and action and in 
the community where he made his home he 
was honored and respected by all who knew 
him. He died at the age of eighty-seven 
years, and his wife passed away at the same 
age. In their family were eleven children, 
of whom Charles was the fourth in order of 
birth. All are now deceased with the excep- 
tion of Mrs. Robert King, who is residing 
in Detroit, ]ilichigan ; and Mrs. Robert 
Hay, whose home is in Allegheny City, 
Pennsylvania. 

In the common school Charles Buhl ac- 
quired his early education and after putting 
aside his text books he became connected 
with commercial life. Removing to the 
west he established a general furnishing 
goods store in Detroit, Michigan, where he 
carried on business for several years. Later 
he became a resident of Chicago, where he 
enjoyed an extensive trade in the same line 
of business for eleven years. On account of 
ill health, howe\er, he was obliged to retire 
from business life and removed to a farm 
near Chicago, where he lived for ten years. 
In 1 86 1 came to Danville, where he spent 
his remaining days. Here he made ex- 
tensive investments in real estate. His 
money was so judiciously placed that he. 
continually derived a growing income from 
his property interests, owing to the increase 
in value with the growth of the city's popu- 
lation. In business affairs his judgment 
was always faultless and he seemed readily 
to look beyond the exigencies of the mo- 
ment to the possibilities of the future. His 
careful control of extensive commercial 
transactions brought to him splendid suc- 
cess and moreover he sustained an unassail- 
able reputation as an honorable business 
man. 

On the 9th of July, 1839, in Pennsyl- 
vania, Mr. Buhl was united in marriage to 



Miss Elezan McConnaughy, a daughter of 
James and Elizabeth (Jones) McCon- 
naughy, the former a native of Ohio. 
L^nto this marriage were born six children, 
as follows : Charles ; Sidney, who is a re- 
tired farmer, living in Danville; Walter, 
who died in infancy; Frank, also resident 
of Danville; Emma, who became the wife of 
William Myers and died at the age of forty- 
one years; and Laura, the wife of John 
Lawrence, of this city. Mrs. Buhl, the 
mother, was born on the ist of January, 
1820, and was the youngest and is now the 
only surviving member of a family of eleven 
children. She possesses remarkable vigor 
and strength for one of her years and is a 
most highly esteemed resident of Danville, 
where she has made her home for more than 
four decades. 

In his political views Mr. Buhl was a 
stalwart Republican, always interested in the 
questions and issues of the day, yet never 
seeking or desiring public office. After a 
happy married life of fifty-nine years he was 
called to his final rest on the loth of July, 
1898. His was an upright character and his 
career displayed many sterling traits well 
worthy of emulation. A man of domestic 
tastes he was devoted to the welfare of his 
wife and children and he held friendship in- 
violable. In business transactions he was 
the soul of honor and at all times he was 
loyal to the best interests of the city, state 
and nation. 



WILLIAM WPIITE. 

\\'illiam \Vhite is now living on section 
5, Newell township, and was born in Blount 
township ]\Iarch 20, 1830. Among the early 
settlers and prominent men of Vermilion 
was his father, James White, now deceased. 



3'8 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



He married Xancy Wiles and botli were na- 
tives of Switzerland county. Indiana. They 
took up their abode in Vermilion county. Illi- 
nois, when many red men still lived in this 
section of the state, the i)rairies were covered 
with tlie native grasses and in the forests 
the trees stood in their primeval strength. 
Deer roamed among the trees or over the 
prairies and there were many prairie wolves. 
The family arrived in a covered wagon after 
having forded the rivers and swamps and 
here they settletl in the midst of a Ijarren 
wilderness. He entered government land 
and erected a log cabin with a stick and clay 
chimney. The wo!\-es often gathered 
around this pioneer home making the night 
hideous with their howling. Indians often 
visited them I)ut ^vere friendly. James White 
was a great hunter and shot many deer and 
even after game began to get scarce in this 
locality he would go miles to hunt. He saw- 
Chicago when it was but a mere hamlet and 
many times drove his ox-team to that mar- 
ket, fording rivers and traveling over the 
sloughs which cut up the country, making 
the land of little value until it had been 
drained. Upon the way he would camp out 
at night. He frecjuently had his son Will- 
iam ride the ox in front which was harnessed 
up for the purpose. James White cut down 
many a forest tree in preparing his land for 
culti\-ation and he broke the prairie with 
oxen, using six to nine yoke to a breaking 
plow. He lived to see the whole country de- 
veloped from an unsettled wilderness to one 
of the most highly cultivated farming dis- 
tricts in this great state dotted here and there 
with thri\-ing towns and \illagcs and a city 
of which the inhabitants have every reason 
to be proud. He was often heard to say that 
he and a friend swam nearly every stream 
between old Denmark and Chicago. At the 
birth of each of his children he would go on 



a hunt fur a deer and when his son William 
was born he brought home both a deer and a 
wikl goose. Many times he trampled upon 
rattlesnakes, never knowing that they were 
dangerous. He served as a soldier in the 
Black Hawk war as did also Langford 
Wiles, the father of Mrs. William White. 
James White lived to the age of eighty-six 
years, dying in June, 1887. In his family 
were fourteen children, ten of whom reached 
adult age and reared families of their own, 
while hnir died in infancy. The following 
are yet living, namely : Mrs. Mary Shafer, 
of Nebraska; William Langford, of Blount 
township; Mrs. Robert VanVickle, of 
Blount township: Silas and Richard, who 
are li\-ing in the same township; Thomas, a 
resident of Minnesota; and James, of Blount 
township. 

William White, the second in order of 
birth, ac(juired his education in the early sub- 
scription schools which he attended during 
the winter seasons and in the summer 
niiinths he worked on a farm. From the 
time he was ten years of age he followed the 
plinv to which a team of oxen was hitched. 
He often ])l()\ved with a wooden mold board 
and afterward with a single shovel plow, 
while the harness had a single line. He 
planted ccjrn by hand, cradled the grain and 
bound his wheat by hand. He also assisted 
in dipping candles until the candle molds 
came into use and at times he saw a tuniip 
hollowed out and in this was placed a 
greased rag. It was then lighted and served 
for a parlor lamp. In the father's family 
tlax was used for making cotton clothing 
and thrc;id and the wool was spun and 
woven into cloth for the winter clothing, 
spinning wheels forming a part of the furni- 
ture of every household. Many times Mr. 
White assisted his mother in that work. He 
can also remember the days when the girls 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



319 



would carry their shoes to church, wearing 
them only during the service and tlien re- 
turning barefooted in order to economize be- 
cause only one pair of shoes was allowed to 
each person for a year. People rode to 
church on horseback, sometimes as many as 
three people sitting upon a sheepskin upon a 
single horse. William White owned the last 
yoke of oxen used in the neighborhood. It 
was a splendidly yoked team, weighing for- 
ty-seven hundred pounds, but at length he 
sold these animals, keeping the yoke, how- 
ever, as a relic of early days. 

Mr. ^A'hite was united in marriage to 
Elizabeth Wiles, who also came of a pioneer 
family. She was born in Blount township 
March 20, 1840, a daughter of Langford 
and Mary (Cassat) Wiles. Two children 
have been born unto Mr. and Mrs. White. 
Mary was married in 1885 to Alfred Ingles- 
by, a farmer of Blount township, and they 
have nine children, six sons and three daugh- 
ters. Cordelia Edna is the wife of Ed. Neff 
and they were married in 1900. They have 
a little daughter, Iva E., ten months old, and 
their home is in Blount township. Mrs. 
White was reared upon a farm and many a 
day has dropped corn, following the plow. 
For seven weeks when she was two vears old 
her mother was left all alone with her and a 
brother, while the father made a trip to Mis- 
souri. Some boys tried to scare her mother 
with dogs, but although she was alone with 
her young children she ne\'er flinched nor 
showed any signs of fear. \\'hen our sub- 
ject settled on the eight mile prairie there 
was not a house within miles. They lived in 
pioneer style, cooking over a fireplace, but 
with the advancing years they have ac- 
quired all the comforts and conveniences 
that have been introduced. Mr. W'hite now 
owns a valuable farm of one hundred and 
twenty acres on section 27, Blount township. 



and one hundred and fifty acres on section 8, 
a part of this being covered with timber. He 
also has other lands in Newell township. He 
and his wife and youngest daughter are 
members of the Baptist church, while the 
others are members of the Christian church, 
and in his political \iews he is a Democrat. 
He has served as commissioner of highways 
and as a school chrector for many years. He 
is now living retired in the edge of Blount 
township, his home being in Newell town- 
ship. 



JOHN L. STEWARD. 

John L. .Steward, deceased, was for 
about thirty years an honored and highly re- 
spected citizen of Vermilion county, having 
arrived here in 1851, at which time he lo- 
cated on a tract of wild prairie land in New- 
ell township, twelve miles northeast of Dan- 
ville. Pie was born on the 13th of July, 
18 1 6. in Broome county. New York, of 
which state his parents, John and Catherine 
(Catlin) Steward, were also natives. From 
there they removed to Fountain county, In- 
diana, where the father purchased land and 
engaged in its cultivation throughout the re- 
mainder of his life. Both he and his wife 
died in that county. 

The primary education of our subject 
was obtained in the common schools of 
Broome county. New York, and he contin- 
ued his studies in the public schools of 
Fountain county, Indiana, after the removal 
of the family to that state. As soon as old 
enough to be of any assistance he com- 
menced to aid his father in the operation of 
the farm and was thus employed until his 
marriage, which important event in his life 
occurred on Easter Sunday, April 19, 1840, 
Miss Mary E. Johnson becoming his wife. 



320 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Mrs. Steward was born in Jackson coun- 
ty, Ohio. June -'5, 1822, and is a daughter of 
Richard and Alilbry (Graves) Johnson, the 
former a native of Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania, born in 1793, and the latter of Chat- 
ham county. North Carolina. The father, 
who was an old tavern keeper, removed to 
Lafayette, Indiana, at a \eiy early day when 
Indi.nns were still numerous in that locality 
antl when the present nourishing city of La- 
fayette contained but four houses. There he 
took charge of a hotel, known as the Seven 
Stars and C(intinued to carry it on until his 
death, which occurred in 1830. In his fam- 
ily were seven children, three of whom are 
still living, as follows: Harvey, who mar- 
ried Amanda Sewell, now deceased, is a re- 
tired farmer and land ow'ner residing in Bis- 
marck, this county. Alary E. is the widow 
of our subject. Colonel Henderson Johnson 
married Susan Goodlow, of Kentucky, and 
is now living retired in Danville. He is one 
of the leading citizens of the place. Those 
of the family now deceased are Margaret 
Jane, James Clay, Josephine and \\'illiam R. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Steward were born 
twelve children, namely: Harvey J., de- 
ceased, served all through the Civil war as a 
member of Company B, One Hundred anil 
Twenty-fifth Illinois Volunteer Infantry ; 
Ella is the wife of Frank Gordon, a fanner 
of the state of Oregon ; Mary, deceased, was 
the wife of Martin Barker, now an officer in 
the Soldiers' Home in Danville; William 
died at the age of eighteen years; Jnhn H. 
married Belle Pierce and is now a retired 
farmer living at Hoopeston, this county; 
Amanda is the wife of J. H. Henderson, a 
grocer of Crawfordsville, Indiana; Laura is 
the wife of Henry Peters, who holds a posi- 
tion in a htmberyard in Danville: Lizzie died 
at the age of twenty-four years; Sue is the 
wife of C. A. Parsons, a leading photogra- 



pher of l)an\ ille, b_\- whom she has two chil- 
dren : liarry, burn Xuvemljer y, 1886, and 
P^dward, born October 21, 1893. and they 
make tlicir home with Mrs. Steward ; Annie 
is the wife of William C. Thompson, ex- 
county treasurer of Vermilion county ; Bert 
L. married Alecia Jones and resides in Dan- 
\ille, Illinois; and Emma died young. 

After his marriage Mr. Steward contin- 
ued to engage in farming in Fountain coun- 
ty. Jniliana, until 1852, when he came to 
\'ermilion county, Illinois, and settled on 
what was known as Grand Prairie in Newell 
townshi]), twehe miles northeast of Dan- 
ville, where he purchased a farm of two hun- 
dred and sixty acres. He made many im- 
Ijrovements upon that place and there suc- 
cessfully engaged in general fanning and 
stock-raising until 1879, when on account of 
ill health he sold his property and went west, 
locating on a farm near Portland, Oregon, 
where he spent three years. At the end of 
that time sickness again caused him to 
change location and he returned to Ver- 
milion county, purchasing property near the 
village of Bismarck, where he lived until 
called to his final rest on the ist of October, 
1882. He held several minor offices while 
residing in Newell township, such as road 
overseer, school director, etc., and was ac- 
counted one of the valued and representative 
citizens of his community. His political sup- 
port was given the Democratic party, and 
having always been a great reader he was 
well informed on the leading questions and 
issues of the day. At his death he left many 
friends to mourn his loss as he was a very 
popular and prominent citizen of the com- 
munity in which he lived. 

After her husband's death Mrs. Steward 
continued to make her home in Bismarck for 
two years, and then, disposing of her prop- 
ertv there, she removed to Danville, where 




MRS. ELIZA CAMPBELL 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



323 



slie bought a lot and erected her present resi- 
dence at No. 119 East Aladison street. Slie 
also owns other property on the same street. 
She is a most estimable lady, who has a wide 
circle of friends and acquaintances, and is a 
consistent member of the First Methodist 
Episco])al church of Danville. 



JOSEPH CAMPBELL. 

Among the early pioneer settlers of 
Newell township, Vermilion county, the 
name of Joseph Campbell, now deceased, 
was prominent. He was born in New York. 
May zj. 1816, aud his death occurred 
March 7, 1858. No more fitting tribute 
can be given to the life record of any man 
than to say that the county in which he lived 
and labored has been benefited by his life. 
This can truthfully be said of Joseph 
Campbell, for he was e\-er faithful t(,) his 
duties as a citizen and as a man. 

He was a son of Samuel and Mary 
(Harper) Campbell, both natives of New 
York, who came to Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois, and settled on the old Campbell farm 
on section 26, Newell township. There 
Samuel Campbell purchased land and the 
family made their home in a primitive log 
cabin, which was the only shelter of the 
early settlers of the county. At that time 
game abounded and the prairies were un- 
broken and uncultivated, the timber being 
uncut and the entire land untouched by the 
civilizing touch of man. The enterprise and 
energy of such people as the Campbell fam- 
ily, however, have wrought a great change 
in this great commonwealth and to-day it 
stands among the great states of the Lhiion, 
through the united and consecutive efforts 

14 



of those who have labored for its welfare 
and upbuilding. Cnto Samuel Campbell 
and his wife were born seven children, the 
subject of this review being the youngest of 
the family. In the Empire state he received 
his early education and there remained until 
eighteen years of age, when with his parents 
he removed to Vermilion county. Here he 
continued his education, which well fitted 
him for the duties of life. He engaged in 
farming on his father's farm, which after- 
ward came into his possession. 

.\n imi)ortant event took place in his life 
\\hen, on the 21A of December, 1840, he was 
united in marriage to Eliza Jane Mackeson, 
who was born November j8, 1819. This 
lady is now eighty-three yearse of age and 
makes her home with her daughter, Mrs. 
McCowan, in State Line, Indiana. Mrs. 
Campbell is a daughter of Andrew and Han- 
nah (^lartin) Mackeson, both natives of 
Harrison county, Kentucky, and is the oldest 
in a famil\- of four children. Unto Joseph 
Campbell and his wife were born five chil- 
dren, namely : Hannah Jane, who married 
James Gahn, September 14, 1871. They 
have two children. The elder, Joseph 
Franklin, is now a lieutenant in the Cnited 
States army, stationed at Philadelphia, He 
is a graduate of West Point and was the lieu- 
tenant who hoisted the United States Hag at 
Pekin. China, on the famous walls of that 
city. He has been in the United States 
army for several years. He was married 
September 14, 1902, to Laura Andia Colt. 
Mar}', the second child of Mr. and Mrs. 
Gahn, was marriel in 1901 to Fred Hard- 
ing, and resides in East St. Louis. John 
D., the second child of Mr. and Mrs. 
Campbell, is now a farmer residing in New- 
ell township. Andrew, of Newell township, 
is the next in order of birth. He also fol- 



324 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



lows fanning. Samuel also carries on farm- 
ing in Newell township. Mary is the wife 
of luhn Mc Cowan, of State Line, Indiana. 
She was born September 12, 1852, and was 
married November 18, 1874. Mr. Mc- 
Cowan was born in Edgar county. Illinois, 
August 26, 1849, and was an extensive cat- 
tle dealer and shipper. Coming to Ver- 
milion county, Illinois, in 1870, he settled 
on section 18, Newell township. His par- 
ents were natives of Kentucky. In June, 
1S96, he retired to State Line, Indiana, 
where he resides in his comfortable dwell- 
ing, with his wile and mother-in-law, ]Mrs. 
/Campbell. 

J\Irs. Campbell is of sturdy Scotch an- 
cestry and has many of the sterling charac- 
teristics of her race who have always held 
exalted ideas of what is right and have lived 
np to the same. She is among the pioneer 
residents of \'crniilion county and has seen 
great transformation wrought here, the 
once unbroken prairies being now dotted by 
flourishing towns and villages. She is a 
A'irtuous antl estimable lady and is one of 
Ihe Ijcst known residents of the county. 



WILLIAM LYNCH. 

William Lynch, whose large business in- 
terests make him a valued representative of 
■commercial and industrial activity in ]\Iun- 
cie, was born in New York, September 15, 
1854, and may truly be called a self-made 
man, for from an early age he has been de- 
pendent entirely upon his own labors. Early 
in life he was left an orphan and in 1861 
Avent to live with Henry Sallee, who filled the 
position of township treasurer and township 
clerk for thirty-seven years. Mr. Lynch was 
permitted to attend school for about three 



months during each year and throughout the 
remainder of the year his labors were given 
to his emi)loyers. When twenty years of age 
he left' school altogether as a student. Mr. 
Lyncli was permitted to attend for a short 
time in Ladoga, Indiana, and for six months 
he engaged in teaching. He then learned te- 
legraphy which he followed for two years, 
after which he became connected with the 
grain trade and also bought and sold stock, 
lie devoted his energies to dealing in grain 
and live stock for seventeen years, after 
which he managed a store for Mr. Reinstein. 
Later he purchased his employer's store and 
conducted the business himself in connec- 
tion with his ])artner, A. L. Stearns, a rela- 
tion that was maintained for ten years. On 
the expiration of that period he began oper- 
ating the coal mine which he now owns and 
which has been very productive. lie has 
three partners in the Muncie Coal Company 
l)ut is one of the largest stockholders of the 
enterprise. The mine has a capacity of 
about fi\e hundred tons per day and the out- 
put is therefore valuable. ]\Ir. Lynch also 
owns a general mercantile store in Muncie 
and a good farm property of eighty acres 
besides city real estate and twenty-five acres 
in Muncie. 

In his political aliiliations Mr. Lynch is 
a Republican but has no aspirations for 
office. He belongs to Morning Star Lodge, 
No. 489, I. O. O. F., and IMuncie Camp, No. 
4S78, M. W. .\. He is also identified with 
the Fraternal Army of America and in these 
different orgaizations he enjoys the warm 
regard of his brethren. 

He has been twice married, having in 
December, 1873, in Muncie wedded Marga- 
ret Lowman, who was born in Vermilion 
countv. They became the parents of four 
children : Cato, Grace, Blaine and Elbert. 
but the last two are deceased. The wit'e and 



TflE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



325 



mother died in 1886 and in September, 188S, 
in Indianapolis, ^Ir. Lynch was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Sarah 
-Campbell, who was born in Coles county, 
Illinois. They have three children : Olive, 
aged twehe years; Willie, nine; and Verla, 
eight. 

This is a utilitarian age when the prom- 
inent factor of a community is he who con- 
trols important and extensive business enter- 
prises and fortunate is the ctjmmunity if such 
a man not only has regard for the growth of 
his business but also for the development of 
the community. Such a quality character- 
izes the career of Mr. Lynch and while ad- 
vancing his individual success he also con- 
trilnites to the general prosperity by the con- 
trolling- of his affairs and by the active co-op- 
eration which lie gives to many measures 
for the public good. 



WILLIAM M. ACTON. 

Among the young men of Vermilion 
■county successfully practicing at the bar and 
also prominent in political life is William 
M. Acton, whose birth occurred in this coun- 
ty on the 30th of August, 1876. He is a 
son of William H. and Eliza J. (Laflin) Ac- 
ton. The father was a native of Ohio, and 
in 183Q removed to Vermilion county, lo- 
cating in Pilot township, where he engaged 
in farming and stock-raising and was 
known as one of the progressive agricultur- 
ists of his community. He died February 
2.J, 1899, at the age of sixty years, respected 
by all who knew him. His widow still sur- 
vives him and is now living in Potomac, 
Vermilion county. The paternal grandfa- 
ther of our subject was James Acton, a na- 
tive of Kentucky, and he became a pioneer 



settlers of this county. Matthew Laflin, the 
maternal grandfather, was also one of the 
early residents of the county and both aided 
in the material development and upbuilding 
ijf this portion of the state. 

After acquiring his literay education in 
the public schools, ^^'illiaIn M. Acton fur- 
tlier prepared for the duties of an active busi- 
ness career by a course of study in the Dan- 
ville Business College, of Danville, Illinois. 
He also pursued the classical course in Greer 
College, in Hoopeston, Illinois, where he 
was graduated in 1896 with the valedictor- 
ian honors of his class. Desiring to make 
the ]3ractice of law his life work, he then be- 
gan reading in the office of C. L. Chamber- 
lin, of Hoopeston, while later. J. W. Keeslar, 
of Danville, was his preceptor. In October, 
1S09, lis was admitted to the bar and formed 
a partnership with Mr. Keeslar. He is now 
assistant state's attorney, to which position 
he was appointed in December, 1900. His 
success has come soon, because his equip- 
ment is unusually good. Along with those 
qualities indispensible to a lawyer — a keen, 
rapid, logical mind plus Imsiness sense and a 
ready capacity for hard work — he brought 
to the starting point of his leg"al career elo- 
quence of language and a strong personality. 

On the 29th of November, 1899, Mr. 
Acton led to the marriage altar Miss Adolyn 
M. Herlocker, a daughter of the late U. R. 
Herlocker, of Danville. The young couple 
have many friends in this county. Mr. Ac- 
ton is identified with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. He also belongs to the 
Modern Woodmen, to the Tribe of Ben Hur, 
and to the Methodist Episcopal church, all 
of which indicate the high character of his 
social life and his religious belief. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, takes an active part 
in campaign work and has delivered many 
addresses in behalf of his party, for he be- 



326 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



lie\es tliat one of tlie salient features of good 
citi/ensliip is the endorsement of political 
principles pertaining to good goxernment. 



ISAAC CLRREXT. 

Among those who have, after long con- 
nection with agricultural -pursuits, put aside 
the work of the farm and taken up their 
ahode in the city nf Danville is numbered 
Isaac Current, one of Vermilion county's 
native sons. His birth occurred in Newell 
township, on the 17th of .\o\-ember, 1845, 
his parents being William and Mary (Bast- 
win) Current, Ijoth of whom were natives 
of X'irginia. The father was born April 
20, 1803. The maternal grandfather. Hen- 
ry Bastwin. was also born in \"irginia. and 
on leaving that state traveled westward un- 
til he took up his abode in Danville town- 
ship. \ ermilicn county. Illinois. Here he 
engaged in business as a hat maker, follow- 
ing that pursuit for a number of years. La- 
ter he went to southern Illinois and after his 
retirement from business he made his home 
with his daughter. Mrs. Current, for a short 
time. He next went to Iowa, where he lived 
with another daughter until his death, which 
occurred when he had reached the very ad- 
vanced age of nearly one hundred years. 

In 1829 William Current, the father of 
our subject, came tn X'crmiliim county with 
a brother and sister, settling in Xevvell town- 
ship, where he engaged in farming. He 
was a blacksmith ami wagon-maker by trade 
and after coming west sold some wagons 
of his manufacture in Chicago, besides mak- 
ing those for his own use. In those early 
days Chicago was the market at which he 
sold his butter, eggs and other farm pro- 
duce. He continued farming here until his 



death, passing away August 6. 1851. and 
our subject now has in iiis possession many 
relics of his fatiier, including a cowbell, a 
day book, a Bible and a pocket lx)ok, all of 
which are valued family relics. The mother 
died in 1885. at the advanced age of sev- 
enty-eight years. They were the parents of 
fourteen children, of win mi live are yet liv- 
ing, namely : Andrew J., who is a farmer 
residing in Tracy. Iowa: George, who lives 
in the Soldiers' Home at Ouincy, Illinois; 
lames, who is a grain merchant i)f Momer, 
Illinois; Isaac; and Samuel, a grocer of 
l-"ranklin, Nebraska. Those who have 
])assed away are: Henry B., Nancy, Mariin 
W., John. Mary Jane. Susanna. Ivebecca. 
Lucinda and Matilda. 

Isaac Current attended the common 
scliools in his youth and afterward engaged 
in farm work on the home place. He later 
])inxhased a tract of land on Covington 
J-ioad in Danville township and there he car- 
ried on agricultural pursuits until he re- 
moved to Danville on the 17th of Septem- 
ber, 1900, having for many years been ac- 
tively engaged in farm work, whereby he 
won a competence that now enables him to 
enjoy a well merited rest, surrounded In' all 
of the comforts and many of the luxuries 
wliich go to make life worth the living. 

Mr. CiuM-ent has beei* three times mar- 
ried. In 1802 he wedded Clarissa E. Lynch, 
who was Ixirn in this county, .August 10, 
184^. ;i daughter of Isaac 1'. and Mary 
l,ynch, wlu) were early settlers here and are 
now deceased. Mrs. Current ])assed away 
June 14, 1869. leaving a tlaughter. while 
their son, Samuel, who was born JiU\- 2, 
i8<')4, had died in infancy. The daughter, 
Rachel !■'.. Ixmi Dccemlier 8. 1865. is now 
the wife of Isaac Bowni.m ;nid they reside 
upon her father's farm in Danville town- 
ship. On the 28th of October, 1869, Mr. 




ISAAC CURRENT. 




MRS. ISAAC CURRENT. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



331 



Current wedded Mary (Campbell) ^\'yatt. 
of Vermilion county. Her father, Harp 
Cam])bell. having located here at an early 
period in the dexelupment of this portion of 
the state. The second wife died June 21, 

1872. Her son, William Frederick, Ixirn 
March 20, 1871, died in infancy. For his 
third wife Mr. Current chose Mrs. Dorothy 
J. Noel and they were married January 26, 

1873. The lady is a native of Parke count}'. 
Indiana, born January 13, 1843, and a 
daughter of Cornelitis and Nancy Jones, the 
former a native of Virginia and the latter 
of Miami county, Ohio. Her father was an 
own cousin of John Brown, the noted abo- 
lition advocate and for many years was a 
resident of Parke county, Indiana, but died 
in southern Illinois. By the third mar- 
riage of Mr. Current there was born 
one child, Charles Raymond, whose birth 
occurred November 17, 1876. He married 
Katie Shepherd and is a farmer by occupa- 
tion, residing in Danville. 

When Mr. Current removed to the city 
be built his present beautiful home at No. 
71 1 Illinois street and he still owns his farm 
of one hundred and fi\e acres on section i 
iind 6, Danville township, together with a 
farm of forty acres on section 30 in the same 
township and another forty acre tract near 
Fairmount, this county. He had made 
splaidid improvements upon the old home- 
stead. He erected a nice residence there 
and it is to-day one of the best farms in the 
township. He also built houses on botii of 
his small farms. He formerly gave his po- 
litical support to the Democracy but is now 
a Republican and both he and his wife are 
consistent and devoted members of the First 
Methodist church of Danville. At all times 
Mr. Current has been actuated in his con- 
duct and in his relations to his fellow men 
by honorable principles and by his Chris- 



tian belief, and those who know liim — and 
his acquaintance is e.Ktensi\e — therefore 
cherish for him high respect by reason of 



his genuine worth of character. 



HARVEV SODOWSKY. 

When civilization made its way into the 
Mississippi valley the great farms of this 
section of the country became the wonder of 
the world. The broad prairies of the valley 
were transformed into vast country seats, 
comprising hundred and sometimes thou- 
sands of acres. The more mountainous re- 
gions of the eastern country had made farm- 
ing on this extensive scale impossible, but in 
the west nature provided splendid opportuni- 
ties and agriculture and its kindred occupa- 
tion of stockraising became the leading pur- 
suit of the enterprising people who settled 
this region. Harvey Sodowsky directed his 
energies into these departments of activity 
and won a place second to none among the 
raisers of shorthorn cattle in America, and 
])erhaps second to none in the world. His 
success was of gradual growth — the natural 
result of energy, perseverance, sound judg- 
ment and keen discrimination. In his life he 
exemplified many of the sterling traits of his 
Polish ancestry — the patriotism, the fearless 
defense of what he believed to be right and 
conscientious regard for the rights of others. 

The Sodowsky family was founded in 
America by James Sodowsky. a Polish exile 
of noble birth, proud spirit and lofty patriot- 
ism. \\dien his love of liberty could no long- 
er tolerate the despotic rule of Russia, he be- 
came the leader in a rebellion against the 
czar, and when defeated, but not subdued, he 
came to America — "the land of the free and 
the home of the brave." Later he married 



332 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



tlie sister of Governor Inslip, of the colony 
of \irginia, and among tlieir descendants 
was tlarvey Sodowsky, of this review. In 
the course of years representatives of the 
family changed the spelling of the name, in- 
cluding the brothers of our subject. Two 
of these bmthers, William and Aliraliam 
Srnidusky, are now prominent farmers and 
stockmen of Carroll township, Vermili(jn 
county. Har\ey Sodowsky, however, re- 
tained the ancestral spelling of the familv 
name. 

The spirit which led James Sndnwskv, 
the emigrant, ilrst tn fight for libertv and 
then come to America, has been mani- 
fest in his descendants throughout succeed- 
ing generations. It was shown by the Sod- 
owskys who fought for the liberty of the col- 
onists of the new world, and how their 
hearts must have rejoiced at the glorious 
outcome of the struggle; it was again shown 
by gallant .soldiers of the name in the war of 
1812; and in the subjugation of the western 
wilderness they bore a part. Daniel Boone 
opened the gates of Kentuck\- and soon he 
was followed into "the dark and bloody" re- 
gion by the grandfather of our subject, who 
settled there just after the close of the Rev- 
olutionary war. Alir;di;im Sandusky, the fa- 
ther, was born in that state and married Jii'ie 
McDowell, by whom he iiad eight children, 
of whom Harvey Sodowsky was the eldest. 
In 1830 they removed with their familv fn>m 
Kentucky to V'ermilion county and located 
September 20, 1830. on the Little Vermilion 
river, where .\braham Sandusky made his 
home until his death. 

The birth of Harvey Sodowsky occurred 
in Bourbon county, Kentucky, May 17, 
iSij. ;in<l when be was al)0ut fourteen vears 
of age he came with his parents to this coun- 
ty. He \\as earlv initiated into farm work 



and he remained at home until twenty-four 
years of age when he was married to Miss 
Susan Baum, a daughter of Charles and 
Susan (Moyer) Baum, who had emigrated 
from Ohio and taken uj) their abode on the 
Little Vermillion river. Mrs. Sodowsky was 
of i'olisb lineage and the founder of the 
Ijaum family in .\merica was her grandfa- 
ther, Charles Baum. He married ^liss Bar- 
bara McDonalil, a relative of General Mc- 
Donald, who was attached to the division of 
the Continental .\rmy that won fame under 
the coinnirmd of I'rancis Marion. He did 
reser\e (lut\' in pri.decting the frontier and 
when the war was ended he established his 
home in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. Fol- 
lowing Wayne's treaty with the Indians he 
sailed down the (Jhio river with his family, 
landing at the mouth of Bullskin creek, and 
there close to wdiat is now the river town of 
Chilo. established the first settlement in the 
territory of Ohio. It was Charles Baum. 
jr., a son of Cdiarles Baum, the emigrant, 
who became the father of Mrs. Sodowsky. 
He wedded Susan Moyer, whose fatlier. 
John Moyer, was one of the heroes of the 
war for .American Indei)endence and served 
for several years under the immediate com- 
mand of (ieneral Washington. For some 
time following the close of hostilities he 
made his home in Pennsylvania and then 
joined the bra\e Ijand of pioneers who re- 
claimed (_)hio for the ])urpose of civilization, 
from the hands of the red men. In the year 
iS^y Charles Baum removed with his family 
to another ])ioneer district — X'ermiliou 
countv, Illinois, and here he reached the age 
of ninet}'-siK years. 

It was on the 20th of May. 1840. that 
his daughter Susan gave her hand in mru"- 
ri^igc to .Mr. Sodowsky, and the\- began their 
domestic life on the farm which thev after- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



333 



ward called the Woodlawn Stock Farm and 
which became known tliroughout the coun- 
try because of the famous shorthorn cattle 
raised thereon. Throughout the surround- 
ing states Mr. Sodowsky was known as a 
breeder of pure bred and high grade short- 
horns and in his barns and pastures were 
seen some of the finest specimens of short- 
horn cattle in America, if not in the world. 
The list- of premiums which he won is per- 
haps longer than tiiat of any other man 
whose exhibits of stock were often seen in 
the leading fairs and expositions of the 
country. Carrying on the business for a 
half century, Mr. Sodowsky gained wealth, 
and also won an honorable name, for his 
business methods were such as would bear 
the closest investigation. In the acquire- 
ment of his fortune he never took advantage 
of the necessities of others, but bought and 
sold, realizing only a fair profit upon his 
stock, and in this way adfling annually to his 
income until he liecame one of the most pros- 
perous men of eastern Illimjis. 

There has been no home in Vermilion 
county since the days of its first settlement 
more justly noted for warm-hearted hospi- 
tality than Woodlawn and both Mr. and 
Mrs. Sodowsky were most generous and 
charitable. The poor and needy found in 
them a friend and many a one has reason to 
remember them gratefully for timely assist- 
ance rendered in the Ii()ur of adversity. 
Their giving was always unostentatious, and 
in matters of citizenship Mr. Sodowsky was 
puljlic-spirited and progressive. Any meas- 
ure for the general good was sure of his sup- 
port and he was a co-operant factor in many 
movements that resulted beneficially to the 
county. Both he and his wife were sincere 
Christian people, known and honored among 
their fellow men for their intrinsic worth and 
high character. The husband passed away 



December i8, 1886, and the wife survived 
him only until March 21, 1888. For more 
than half a century they had lived in the 
county — theirs being a happy married life, 
while the example of citizenship and busi- 
ness integrity left by Mr. Sodowsky is one 
well worthy of emulation. 



CARL FUXK. 



Carl Funk, who is engaged in the gro- 
cery business in Rossville and has been con- 
nected with A'arious lines of business activity 
in Vermilion county for thirty-one years, 
was born in Prussia, near the city of W'ils- 
nack. June 28, 1828. His father, John 
Funk, was also a native of Germany and was 
a house carpenter. He married Helena 
Timm, also a native of that country, and his 
death occurred about 1838. His wife .how- 
ever, survi\ed him for some time. 

Carl Funk was reared in the place of his 
nativity and in his youth learned the shoe- 
maker's trade. Like most young' men who 
start out in life for themselves he desired a 
companion and helpmate for the journey and 
thus on the 6th of October, 1854, he was- 
united in marriage to Wilhelmina Felsch, a 
native of Havelberg, Germany. After his 
marriage he carried on business for over fif- 
teen years in Germany and in 1869 he came 
to the new world, crossing the Atlantic to 
New York city. He did not tarry in the 
eastern metropolis, however, but continvied 
his journey to Chicago and thence to Wash- 
burn, where he worked for a few months. 
He afterward began business at Pattons- 
burg, Illinois, where he remained for nearly 
two years and on the expiration of that per- 
iod he came to Rossville and here established 
a shoe shop, which he carried on for several 



334 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



years. He also carried tlie mail to Rossville 
fur nine years and occupied the position of 
deputy postmaster under President Harri- 
son, remaininsj; in the postofihce for four 
years. On the expiration of that ])eriod 
he estabhshed a t^rocery business in 1895 
and has since been actively engaged in this 
line of trade, enjoying a lijjeral patronage at 
the pre.sent time. 1 lis stock is large and well 
selected and his progressive business meth- 
ods and earnest desire to please his customers 
have secured fur him a good trade. He has 
also been a prominent factor in the imi)ro\-e- 
nient of Ross\ille and liere erected two brick 
business houses, which he still owns, includ- 
ing the store in which he is now conducting 
his own trade. He has also built five resi- 
dences here and has tlius been an acti\e fac- 
tor in the im])rovement of the city. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. I*"unk has been l)orn 
one son, Oscar, who is married and resides 
in Cayuga, Indiana. He has seven children : 
L(K)la, the ileceased wife of Charles Shel- 
by; Otto; Minnie: Edith: Pearl: Eni- 
iel ; and Roy. Mr. Funk also has one great- 
grandchild. Politically our subject is a 
.stanch Re])ublican. earnestly advocating the 
measures of the ])arlv ;uul casting" his ballot 
for its candidates. He has served for four 
years as a councilman. He and his wife be- 
long to the Lutheran church and were reared 
in that faith. Mr. l'"unk holds membership 
in Rossville Lodge. I. O. O. I'"., in which he 
has filled all of the oUices and is a past grand. 
He has also served as district deputy for two 
years. He came to Illinois a poor man with 
no capital, save strong determination and 
unfaltering enterprise and, upon this as a 
foundation he has built his success. His lite 
historv is conimendal)le because he has la- 
bored diligently and along lines which show 
that he has adhered closely to honorable 
principles. He is now well known in Ross- 



\ille and the surrounding countrj' and en- 
joys the high regard of many with whom he 
has been brought in contact. 



LAWRENCE M. \MTHERSPOOX. 

L. M. Witherspoon is ser\ing as post- 
master of Jamaica and is one of the pros- 
perous and leading farmers of \'ermilion 
county. 1 le was born in Gibson county, In- 
diana May 30, i860, and is a son of W. P. 
\\ ithers])oon, a nati\e of Alabama. The 
paternal grandfather of our subject was a 
direct descendant of John R. Wither spoon, 
one of the signers of the Declaration of In- 
dependence. W. P. W'itherspoon was united 
in marriage in ( iibson county, Indiana, to 
Sitha .\. McDaniel, a native of that county. 
He then engaged in teaching school until 
]86i, when with his family he removed to 
l'"airmount, Illinois, and ])urchased a farm, 
upon which he lived until 1871. He then 
took up liis abode on the uU\ Witherspoon 
homestead, w hich was his place of residence 
tuitil his death, which occurred February 19, 
1884. His study of political issues and 
c|uestions led him to support the Republi- 
can party and for fourteen \ears he served 
as assessor and collector of Sidell township. 
He also served as Republican committee- 
man from his township and did all in his 
]iow'er to advance the cause in which he be- 
lieved so lirmly. His religious faith was 
that of the Methodist Episco])al church. 
I lis first w-ife died February 12. 1876, and 
in 1879 he wedded Malissa Orr, a sister of 
his son's wife and a native of Indiana. By 
his hrst marriage Mr. Witherspoon had ten 
chililren, of whom Monroe and William, the 
first two, died in infancy. J. 1). married 
Elizalieth Orr and died in September. 1881, 
his widow being now a resident of Homer, 




L. M. WITHERSPOON. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



337 



Illinois. George married Ella lies and aft- 
er\\-ard wedded Mary Woods, his home be- 
ing now in Giljson county, Indiana. L. M. 
is the third of the family. Hattie is the 
wife of Ci. J. (jibson, a farmer living near 
Fairniount. lilmer E. wedded Jennie Car- 
ter and resides in Dan\ille. Mabel is the 
wife of W. C Hawkins, who resides upon 
a farm in Fairniount. Xora R. l)ecame the 
wife of J. B. JMichener and after his death 
married J. Perdue, with whom she is now 
living in Princeton, huliana. Lillie A. is 
the wife of A\'. B. Russell and they resitle 
on a farm near Catlin. 

^fr. W'itherspoon, whose name intro- 
duces this review. ])ursuetl his educatit)n in 
the Dougherty and Liberty district schools 
of A'ermilion county, his opportunities in 
that direction being somewhat limited. He 
attended only through the winter months, 
for in the summer seasons his labor was 
needed upon the farm. At the age of twen- 
ty he left school altt)gether, becoming an 
agriculturist, gi\'ing his entire attention to 
that pursuit. When twenty-one years of 
age he inherited forty acres of land of his 
father's estate and in a year sold that and 
purchased one hundred and thirty acres 
upon which he assumed an indebtedness. 
All this he ])ai(l for, however, in seven years, 
and in his farming operations he has ever 
been successful. 

On the 13th of I'^bruary, 1884, near 
Catl'u, ]\Ir. Witherspoon was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Milda Finley, who was born 
in that locality, March 18, 1864, a daughter 
of Ezra G. and Jane (Goodner) Finley, the 
former born in Westville, Illinois, and the 
latter in Georgetown, this state. They were 
married near Georgetown and Mr. Finley 
then de\-oted his attention and energies to 
farming and stock-raising. After a year he 
removed to his present home near Catlin, 



where he owns a valualjle tract of land. - His 
wife passed away September 12, 1892. Mr. 
Finley has refused to serve in political of- 
hces. but is an earnest advocate of Republi- 
can ])rinciples and is a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal cliurch. In the early part 
of the Ci\il war he enlisted at Danville, in 
Company C, One Hundred and Twenty- 
hfth Illinois Jnfantr}-. and was wounded in 
the i)attle of Shiloh. after which he was hon- 
oralily discharged in August, 1862. by rea- 
son of his disability. He now belongs to 
the Grand Army of the Republic. Having 
lost his first wife, in March. 1895, lis was 
married in Catlin to Martha Thomas, also 
a nati\-e of \'ermilion county. By his first 
union be hail ten children, of whom six are 
yet living, as follows: Milda, now the wife 
of our subject: James M., who married Ab- 
bie Hewitt, and resides in Catlin; Oliver, 
who wedded Julietta White and resides in 
Danville: Ozias, who wedded Pearl Bu- 
chanan and makes his home in Catlin: Fan- 
nie, the wife of .Augustus Talbott, of Sid- 
ell, Illinois, and John, who is living with 
his father. By his second marriage Mr. 
Finley has two children, Elmore and Hen- 
ry, who are still with their parents. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Wither- 
spoon has been blessed with four children : 
Elsie, who was born near Fairniount, March 
4, 1885: Gertrude, born September 2, 1887, 
near Fairmount: Aha, born in Redlands, 
California. June 11, 1891 : and Clyde F., 
born in Jamaica, Illinois, November 28, 
1896. 

For live years after his marriage Mr. 
^^'ithersl)oon remained in A'ermilion coun- 
ty and then w^ent to Riverside, California, 
while later he located at Redlands, where 
he- was manager for the Mound City Land 
and Water Company. He also owned a 
nurserv of his own and remained on the 



338 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Pacific coast fur five years, after wliich he 
returned to tliis county and i)urchased a 
farm, upon which he is now hving. lie sold 
his property in California, wliicli has since 
proved very vahiable. On liis return here 
lie purcliased one hundred and sixty acres of 
land. This, together with an additional 
tract of forty acres, constitutes the farm 
upon which he now resides. His landed pos- 
sessions, however, aggregate four hundred 
and fifty acres and he is one of the jirosper- 
ous and representati\c farmers of the com- 
munity. In 1900 he erected his present 
handsome home which is built in Oueen Ann 
style of architecture. Mr. Witherspoon has 
raised much stuck fur the market, including 
hogs and horses, and is unquestionably one 
of the most progressive, energetic and wide- 
awake farmers of Vermilion county. 

In ])(ilitics our subject is a stalwart Re- 
publican, and (jn the 4th of June, 1902, he 
was appointed postmaster of Jamaica, in 
wliicli ofticc he is now serving. He belongs 
to the Modern Woodmen of .\merica and 
to the Methodist Episcopal church of Ja- 
maica, in which he is serving as a trustee 
and steward. He has also held several 
township offices and no trust reposed in Mr. 
Witherspoon has ever been betrayed in the 
slightest degree. Honor and integrity are 
synonymous with his name and his word is 
as good as any bond ever solemnized by 
signature or seal. Ilis business affairs 
have ever been liDinirablv conducted and be- 
cause of this the most envious cannot grudge 
him his success. 



ALBERT A. EERHALTER. 

All)ert .\. Berhalter, who is engaged in 
the undertaking business in Danville, was 
born in Noble county. Indiana, on the 4th 



of July, 1867, a son of Joseph and Erances 
(Schunder) Berhalter, both of whom were 
natives of Germany. When children they 
came together to .America and were mar- 
ried in this country after attaining years of 
maturity. 'Ihe father died Septemljer 4, 
1 88 1, at the age of fifty-si.\ years, and his 
wife, survi\ing him for several years, was 
called to her final rest Janu.iry 24, 1886, also 
when fifty-six years of age. The father en- 
gaged in cabinet-making and in the manu- 
facture of colfins. This has been a family of 
undertakers. There were nine children, 
three of whom are now engaged in the nn- 
dert;iking business, all of the boys devoting 
their energies to this ])ursuit. Those still 
li\-ing are John, Jose]jh \\'., Louise, Cjeorge, 
Etta. Charles and Albert .\. Those who 
have ])assed away are: Er;nik and Minnie. 
\\"ith the exception of our subject the living 
members of the family are all residents of 
Kcndallville. Indiana. 

In the ])ublic schools of his natix'e city 
.Mbert .\. Berhalter pursued his education. 
'I he father died when the son was only thir- 
teen years of age, after which Mr. Berhalter 
continued to attend schol through the win- 
ter months until eighteen years of age. In 
the summer he assisted in the business which 
had been instituted by his father, becoming 
thoroughly familiar with the trade both in 
principle and detail. He also acted as man- 
ager of the opera house in Kendallville for a 
time. On the nth of July, 1S88, he arrived 
in Danville, where he has since made his 
home. Here he entered the employ of X. A. 
Kimb.'ill. an undertaker and the owner of the 
present location and Ijusiness of the firm of 
Berhalter & Olmsted. This business has 
now been established for thirty-four years 
and throughout the period the enterprise has 
been a leading one in this line. On the 30th 
of June. 1893. in comjiany with William C. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



339 



Olmsted, Mr. Beriialter purchased the busi- 
ness of his employer, Air. Kimball, and the 
new firm has since conducted the trade with 
excellent success, their business constantly 
growing-. This undertaking establishment is 
a model one of the state and has been especi- 
ally designed, planned and fully equipped in 
the minutest detail. The building is a mod- 
ern structure with a full stone front. You 
first enter a vestibule, then pass on into the 
hall and on the right is a pleasant and com- 
modious waiting room, while on the left is a 
private otflce. In advance of the hall is a pri- 
vate chapel, morgue and stock room on the 
first floor. The entire second floor is occupied 
as a salesroom. The arrangement of the es- 
tablishment is such that perfect seclusion and 
privacy may be obtained by those who have 
occasion to arrange for the burial of their 
dead from this place, thus preserving the 
sacredness and solemnity of the occasion. 

On the 14th of September, 1892, Mr. 
Berhalter was united in marriage to Miss 
i\Iary Hurley, of La Salle, Illinois, and their 
union has been blessed with three children — 
Madeline Frances, Mary Hurley, and Lillian 
Nellie. .Socially Mr. Berhalter is connected 
with, the Knights of Pythias, the Improved 
Order of Red Men, Modern Woodmen of 
America, Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. His social qualities and genuine 
personal worth have rendered him a favorite 
not only in fraternal circles but where\'er he 
is known. 

AVilliam C. Olmsted, the junior member 
of the firm of Berhalter & Olmsted, under- 
takers of Danville, was born in Catlin, this 
county, on the 13th of October, 1861, and is 
a son of .A^lbert G. and Elizabeth (Wright) 
Olmsted. The father is still living, Imt the 
mother passed away on the 26th of July, 
1901, at the age of si.Kty-nine years. The 



paternal grandfather was Stanley Olmsted, 
a native of Jamestown, New York, who re- 
moved with his family to Vermilion county, 
Illinois, in 1840. He was a lumberman and 
he and his son, Albert, conducted a sawmill 
near Danville. The grandfather had also 
carried on business in the same line in James- 
town. New York, prior to his removal to the 
west. He died at the comparatively early 
age of thirty-nine years. The subject of this 
review was one of a family of eight children, 
five of whom are yet li\'ing-, namely: Will- 
iam C, Charles E., Mary, the wife of J. H. 
Palmer, George E. and Albert C, all of 
whom are residents of Danville. 

At the usual age Mr. Olmsted, of this re- 
view, entered the public schools where he 
continued his studies until alxiut sixteen 
years of age. At that time he became a fac- 
tor in the business world, by entering the 
employ of A. C. Daniels, a merchant with 
whom he remained for si.xteen years. This 
fact is certainly indicative of his capability, 
his fidelity to duty, his close application and 
also of the confidence and trust reposed in 
him by his employers. At length he severed 
his connection with that house and entered 
into partnership with Albert A. Berhalter in 
the undertaking business in Danville. For 
nine years they ha\'e conducted the establish- 
ment which was founded thirty-four years 
ago and they have kept it up to a high stand- 
ard, making it not only one of the leading 
enterprises of the kind in this city, Ijut also 
of the state because of its especially good 
equipment, because of the fine line of under- 
taking goods which they carry and by reason 
of the well arranged suite of rooms which 
they have, enabling their patrons who so de- 
sire to hold funeral services here with all the 
pri\'acv and seclusion of a home. Their 
salesrooms are situated on the second floor 
and contain a fine line of undertaking goods. 



340 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



As funeral directurs llie firm have gained a 
■wide reputation by reason of their careful 
management. 

On the 28th of January. 1886. Mr. Ohn- 
sled was united in marriage to Aliss Eva E. 
Beck, and they now ha\e two chuiglilers — 
Lola and Helen. 'J'he family is one well 
known in Dan\ille and the hospitality of 
their home is enjoyed 1)_\- their many friends. 
Mr. Olmsted is identified with a number of 
fraternal organizations. He belongs to the 
Benevolent i'rotective Order of Elks. Inde- 
jiendent Order of Odd Fellows, the Masonic 
fraternity, the Knights of Pythias, the Royal 
Arcanum, the Tribe of Ben Hur and the 
Alodern Woodmen. 



WILLIAM CLARK McREYNOLDS. 

\\'illiani Clark McReynolds has won the 
gratitude and honor of his fellow citizens 
by his loyalty to his country under all condi- 
tions. .\s long as patriotism is an element 
of American citizenship, as long as the sons 
of the new world ha\'e lo\e for their coun- 
try. S(i li.ng will the history of her soldiers 
be a matter of interest to the public. They 
are held in grateful remembrance l)y the 
])eo])le of their generatitni and their names 
will be honored through many ages by pos- 
terity. .\mong those who fought under the 
starry banner of the nation, both in the 
Mexican war and the war of the Rebellion 
was numbered William Clark McReynolds. 

He was born near Paris, Edgar county, 
Illinois. September i6, 1825, and was a son 
of the Rev. John McReynolds, a Methodist 
minisior. whose birth occurred in Kentucky 
anil who came to Illinois at an early date. 
In the family were three .sons and three 
daughters, the only surviving member, how- 
ever, being Richard W. McReynolds, a resi- 



dent of Covington, Kentucky, who is in the 
employ of the government as a gauger in a 
distillery. 

!Mr. McReynokls of this review ac(|uired 
his early education in the schools near his 
Ijoybood home, and on attaining bis ma- 
jority he went to 1','iris and enlisted in the 
Mexican war as a \olunteer in the United 
.States army under the command of General 
Shields and Captain McConkey. He spent 
his twenty-first birthda\- in this service, be- 
longing to Com])anv 11 of the First Illinois 
\'olunteer infantry, of which he was made 
lirsi lieutenant. Later he resigned on ac- 
count of his father's death and returned 
home to lake care of the family. When the 
counlr_\- became involved in civil wru'. 
he once more entered the .service antl was 
instrumental in organizing' the Fifty-second 
Indiana X'olunteer Regiment, of which he 
became colonel. There was an urgent need 
for troops in Kentucky and as the regiment 
had not its full (|uota it was consolidated 
with another command. consc(|uenll_v Mr. 
McReynolds acce])ted the commission of lieu- 
tenant colonel. He accompanied the regi- 
ment to the front but eventually resigned 
his commission and returned t(j his home in 
Rusliville. Indiana, taking his old position 
as cashier in the bank. 

During early manhood Mr. McUevnolds 
was engaged m merchandising at Paris. Il- 
linois, and was also in business with Jacob 
D. l-larly at Terre I lante. Indiana, for some 
)ears. briends of his who were interested 
in establishing a bank at Rusliville, Indiana, 
persuaded Mr. McReynolds to accept the po- 
sition of cashier, with George Hibben as 
])re^ident. and be was afterward highly 
comi)limentcd by Hon. Hugh McCullock, 
then president of all the banks of the state, 
for the condition of the one under his es- 
pecial charge. 




COL. W, C. McREYNOLDS. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



343 



In the spring of 1864 he arrived in Dan- 
ville and here secured a position as book- 
keeper for M. M. Wright, in whose service 
he remaineil for a number of years. Pinally 
he resigned and Ijecame buyer for L. T. 
Dickerson, of Pittsljurg, Pennsylvania, be- 
ing thus a representati\'e vi the business in- 
terests of this jilace until his health failed. 

In 1853 Mr. Reynolds was united in 
marriage to Miss Elizabeth M. Pearson, a 
nati\'e of Lixingston countx'. New York, and 
a daughter of John and Catherine ( Tiff- 
any) Pearson, of Canada. In their family 
were three children, but she has only one 
brother )et living, G. C. Pearson, while her 
elder brother, George T. Pearson, has now 
passed away. Unto our subject and his wife 
were Ijorn ten children, seven of whom 
reached maturity ; George, who is an en- 
gineer li\ing in California; John, deceased; 
Mrs. Jane TenBook Johns, of Danville, Illi- 
nois ; Mrs. Meta Doane, (jf Winfield, Kan- 
sas ; William Gustavus, deceased; Mrs. 
Mary Reiley, who is a resident of Danville; 
Mrs. Fannie Pearson Sloan, whose husband 
is in the secret service of United States ; 
Thomas, who, during the Spanish-American 
war, served with Battery A of Danville, and 
was a member of the Eleventh United States 
Cavalry which was sent to the Philippines; 
and Philip Barton, who was also a member 
of Battery A and was in active service. 
One child of the family died in infancv. 

Mr. McReynolds was called to his final 
rest on the ist of October, 1890, and his re- 
mains were interred in the Danville ceme- 
tery. He was a member of the Grand Army 
Post and of the Masonic fraternity, both of 
Paris, Illinois. He likewise belonged to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In 
politics Mr. McReynolds was a Whig in 
early life and afterward became a Democrat. 
He held membership in the Holy Trinity 



Episcopal church and was a man who in all 
the relations of life commanded the respect 
and confidence of those with whom he associ- 
ated. During the years of his. residence in 
Danville he won many friends. He was a 
citizen who by his blameless and upright life 
and honorable career reflected credit not 
onl}- upon the city in which he made his 
home but u]3on the state. True to every 
trust, he commanded the unqualified confi- 
dence of those with whom he was associ- 
ated in business and the warm regard of 
tliDse whom he met in social life. For a 
number of years he served as alderman of 
Danville and exerted considerable influence 
in public aft'airs. 



JAMES WILLIAMS. 

An honorable retirement from labor has 
been vouchsafed to James Williams, who, 
having put aside business cares is now living 
in a pleasant home at No. 708 Fairchild 
street, in Danville, surrounded by many 
comforts which have come to him as the re- 
sult of his former toil. He was at one time 
a progressive and enterprising farmer of 
Vermilion county, owning and operating 
three hundred and twenty acres of land in 
Jamaica townshi]). He is a native of Ohio, 
his birth ha\ ing occurred in Coshocton 
county on the 22d of Marcli, 1839. His fa- 
ther, Lewis B. Williams, was a native of the 
same county, while his grandfather was born 
in Maryland, his birth occurring in the city 
of Baltimore in 1765. The family were 
early settlers of that state. In 181 1 the 
grandfather left the si:>utli and made his way 
to Ohio, settling in Coshocton county, where 
he entered land from the government. This 
was covered with a dense growth of timber. 



344 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



but lie cleared away llie trees and in course 
of time developed a good farm. Lewis B. 
Williams was born upon that farm, was 
there reared to manhood and afterward as- 
sisted in carrying on the work of the home 
place. He married Rebecca McCoy, a na- 
tive of the Buckeye state and a daughter of 
William McCoy, who was one of the early 
settlers of Ohio, to which place he had re- 
moved from Pennsylvania. During the 
greater part of his life Lewis B. Williams 
resided upon the old family homestead in 
Washington township, his last years were 
there passed and he died in the spring 
of 1850 at the age of forty years. His wife 
had passed away in 1844, when the subject 
of this review was a child of only five years. 
James Williams was reared upon the old 
familv homestead and his common school 
advantages were somewhat meagre, for he 
Avas enabled to attend only in the winter 
months while in the summer he aided in the 
work of ])lowing, planting and harvesting. 
After arriving at years of maturity he was 
married in Coshocton county, in November, 
1858, to Miss ]Mindwell Roberts, a native 
of Ohio, born, reared and educated in Cos- 
hocton county. Her father, Dr. Martin 
Roberts, removed to the Buckeye state from 
New York. The }\iung couple began their 
domestic life upon an Ohio farm where they 
lived for about six years and in 1864 they 
<;ame to Illinois, settling in Vermilion coun- 
tv. Here Mr. Williams ])urchased land 
which was then in Carroll township. He 
and his brother-in-law, Isaac Turner, first 
bought one hundred and si.xty acres which 
they broke and fenced, developing a good 
farm. They worked together for about 
four years at the end of which time Mr. Wil- 
liams bought out Mr. Turner's interest and 
later he added to his farm from time to time 
purchasing and trading for more land. He 



now owns three hundred twenty acres in- 
cluded within two farms which are about a 
half mile apart. On his home place he erect- 
ed a good residence, substanti.'d barns and 
outbuildings, having two sets of buildings. 
He also tiled and fenced the place, planting 
fruit and shade trees, and there continued 
the work of cultivation, development and 
improvement until his farm was one of the 
best in the locality. In connection with the 
cultivation of the grain best adapted to this 
climate he was also engaged in raising a 
good grade of stock, feeding cattle and fit- 
ting them for the market. He began life in 
\'ermilion county with but little means, but 
l)y his own exertions, by unflagging indus- 
try and strong will he has steadily worked 
his way upward until he is now numbered 
among the substantial residents of this lo- 
cality. 

Unto Mr. and }ilrs. Williams were born 
four sons and four daughters: Miles, who 
is married and follows farming in Shelby 
countv. Illinois; Winfield Scott, who is en- 
gagetl in mining in Colorado; Lyman T., 
who is married and follows farming in 
Champaign county, Illinois; Fred, a resi- 
dent of Vermilion county; Ella May, the 
wife of James B. Lamar, of eastern Colo- 
rado; Mary M., Jessie P., .-ind Lizzie, all at 
home. The last named is a student in the 
high school of Danville. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams hold membership in the Methodist 
Episcopal church and he belongs to the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, being identified with the 
blue lodge of Danville. In his political 
views he is an ern-nest Republican ami has 
supported each j)residential nominee of the 
partv since he cast his first vote for Abraham 
Lincoln, in i860. He has never sought of- 
fice for himself, however, although he has 
served on the school board for a number of 
years and as township school trustee. He 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



345 



carried on his farm work until 1900 when he 
purchased his residence property in Danville 
and lias since li\ed a retired life in the city. 
He has made his home in \'ermilion county 
for thirty-eight years, during which time 
many changes have occurred. Within this 
period the prairies have been broken and 
transformed into rich fields; roads have been 
laid out and have been cut off from private 
property Ijy well kept fences ; progress and 
improvement have also been carried forward 
in town and city ; and in the work of develop- 
ment Mr. \^'illiams has borne his part. • He 
is a man of integrity and worth and he and 
his estimable wife and family are highly 
esteemed throughout the community. All 
that Mr. ^^''illiams possesses has come to him 
through his own enterprising efforts, his 
farm property being the just reward of his 
earnest labor. 



J. M. McCABE. 

Starting in business life as a farm hand 
and realizing that there is no royal road to 
wealth, J. M. McCabe early displayed the 
salient traits of his character which have 
made him a prosperous and leading man of 
Vermilion county. He is now residing in 
Fairmount where he owns and operates the 
tile works and has valuable property inter- 
ests, while his real estate possessions also in- 
clude farm lands in this county. 

Mr. McCabe was born February 19, 
1844, in Dearborn county, Indiana, a son of 
Alexander and Rhoda (Knapp) McCabe, the 
former a native of Ohio, while the latter was 
born near Niagara Falls, in New York. The 
McCabe family was established in Dearborn 
county, Indiana, when the father of our sub- 



ject was but ten years of age. After reach- 
ing years of maturity he was married there 
to Miss Knapp and turned his attention to 
agricultural pursuits, which he followed 
until sometime in the '70's, when he re- 
moved with his family to northwestern Mis- 
souri, there remaining for about twenty 
years. On the expiration of that period he 
continued his western journey to Indepen- 
dence, California, where both he and his wife 
spent their last days. In their family were 
eight children who reached years of ma- 
turity, while six of the number are yet liv- 
ing. Arad K., is now deceased. B. F. re- 
sides upon a farm in Dearborn county. In- 
diana. P. H. is a resident of Independence, 
California. S. L. lives in Oklahoma. J. M. 
is the next younger. William is engaged in 
farming in Oregon. Mrs. Olive A. Van 
\'acLer, a widow, is now living in Gentry 
county, Missouri. Emma, deceased, was the 
wife of Ed Myers of Indiana. 

In the district schools of his native coun- 
ty J. M. McCabe acquired his preliminary 
education, which was supplemented by study 
in tlie high school of Danville, Illinois. He , 
came to Vermilion county at the age of nine- 
teen years and for six months he was em- 
ployed by the month as a farm hand. Dur- 
ing the succeeding winter he engaged in 
teaching school. Afterward he worked by 
the month on a farm and engaged in teach- 
ing school. Desiring a companion and help- 
mate on life's journey he was married on the 
27th of November, 1865, in Fairmount, Il- 
linois, to Miss Mary E. Dougherty, a daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Jane (Dalby) Dougherty, 
the former a native of Ohio and the latter of 
Pennsylvania. Her father was one of the 
first settlers of Vermilion county and here 
engaged in farming, but both he and his wife 
have now passed away. In their family were 



346 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



seven children. Tlie Iionie of Mr. and .Mr.s. 
McCahe lias been blessed with four children, 
but only '.wo are now lixing, Effie and Elsie. 

As time has passed Mr. McCabe has jiros- 
pered in his business afl'airs, and making ju- 
dicious investments he has become one of the 
prosperous men of Iiis adopted county. He 
now owns and operates the large tile and 
brick works of Fairmount, an important in- 
dustry which ])roves of value to the com- 
munity by affording employment to a num- 
ber of men and at the same time brings him 
a very desirable return for his investment. 
He is also the owner of a zinc mint- in .Mis- 
souri, owns the bank building in this i)lace 
and good residence jjroperty here, besides 
one hundred and thirty-five acres of valuable 
land. He possesses keen lousiness discrim- 
ination and e.xecutive force. He forms his 
plans readily, is determined in their exe- 
cution and through his j)ersistencv of pur- 
pose and honoral)le dealing he has gained a 
place which is alike gratifying and lionor- 
al)le as one of the prominent Imsiness men of 
liis county. 

Socially he is connected with Fairmount 
Lodge, No. 590. F. & A. M.. and has served 
as its representative in the grand lodge. He 
also belongs to the ^b)dern Woodmen of 
America, and in politics he is inde])endent. 
voting for the men and measures rather than 
for the ]jarty. He has himself tilled se\eral 
of the township and city oiifices. although lie 
has never been a politician in the sense of 
oiifice seeking. At the present time he is 
serving as school treasurer. Mr. McCabe 
belongs to that class of re])resentati\e citi- 
zens who at all times have due regard for the 
welfare and upbuilding of the commnnilios 
with which they are connected, and no mat- 
ter how great their l)usiness interests, can 
always find time and ojiportunity to pro- 
mote the general welfare. 'Ihe entire period 



of his manhood has been passed in \'ermilion 
county and the friends who have known him 
throughout this period speak of him in terms 
of commendation, because his life has Ijeen 
consistent with honorable, manly principles. 



LEONARD R. MYERS. 

Leonard R. Myers, now deceased, was 
born in Reading, I'ennsylvania. January 
-'5. 1836. a son of Leonard and Hannah 
( Ratholan ) Myers, who were of Pennsyl- 
vania l^ntch descent. In the year 1854 Mr. 
Myers came to the west. belie\ing that he 
might ha\e better business opportunities 
in a less thickly settled district of the country 
where com])etition was not so great. .\c- 
conlingh' he came alone to Illinois and be- 
gan fp.rming in N'ermilion county upon 
rented land. In the meantime he dealt ex- 
tensively in stock, making a specialty of 
horses, and for some years he continued to 
rent land, but later he ]iurchased a farm 
com])rising what is now the greater part of 
the old homestead. There he lived for about 
eight years, when he purchased the .Mc- 
Knight farm on section 6, Oakwood town- 
ship, upon which his widow is now living. 
This is ])leasantly located one mile north of 
I'ithian'. As the vears passed .Mr. Myers 
prospered in his work and ac(|uire(l a very 
comfortable and desirable competence, and 
when he died he owned about six hundreil 
acres of valuable land all imi)roved. 

On the I St of January. i8(k>. occurred 
the marriage of Mr. Myers and Sarah E. 
l,owni;ui. .She was born July 13. 184''), in 
Oakwood tow nshii). and was reared and edu- 
cated here. She comes of an old \'irginian 
family and her great-grandfather was 
burned at the stake l)v Indians in \"irginia. 




L. R. MYERS. 




MRS. SARAH E. MYERS. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



351 



Her mother at the time of her death, wliich 
occurred in 1898, when she was seventy- 
two years of age, had thirty-six grandchil- 
dren and. twenty-one great-grandchildren. 
Her husband had died many years before, 
passing away at the age of forty-two. 

Unto Air. and Mrs. Myers were born 
eleven children : Mrs. Minnie Frederick, 
of Champaign county, Illinois; Mrs. Hattie 
Cessna, of Rochester, Indiana ; William, 
who marrietl Cora Black and is living in 
Lohrville, Iowa ; Leonard, who married Zena 
Wray and resides in Fithian ; Reuben, who 
wedded Doris Hayes and makes his home in 
Vermilion county: Mrs. Jeanette Mead, of 
this county ; Sylvia, who died at the age of 
eleven months; Winfred, who' married Fan- 
nie Bantz and resides upon the home farm ; 
Gracie, Lola and George, all at home. Mrs. 
Myers was the third in order of birth in a 
family of eleven children born unto George 
and Margaret Lowman, and of the num- 
ber five are now living. Her father came to 
this county at a very early day, cast in his 
lot with the early pioneer settlers and Mrs. 
Myers assisted in the fields bv dropping 
corn by hand, keeping up with the plow. 
She has seen wooden mold boards used with 
a breaking plow which was drawn by oxen, 
guided by a single rope line manufactured 
from flax. She can remember when the 
grain was cut with a sickle and later by a 
cradle, while all the clothing was of home 
manufacture, the girls wearing linsey 
dresses and flannel waists. The spinning- 
wheel at that time formed a part of the fur- 
nishings of every household and all cooking 
was done at an old-fashioned fireplace. The 
first mowing machine used in the neighbor- 
hood was brought into the county by Mrs. 
Myers" father, and people would come for 
miles to see it. In the early days Mrs. 
Myers aided in making candles by dipping 

15 



them and later candle molds came into use- 
On the J/th of April, 1897, she was called 
upon to mourn the loss of her husband. She 
has since remained upon the old homestead, 
where her son Winfred now resides, having 
charge of the home place. She has ten 
grandchildren and the family is one well 
known in the commuiity. 



WILLIAM J. BLACKSTOCK. 

The life history of William J. Black- 
stock, if written in detail, would furnish a 
'more thrilling story than is found on many 
of the pages of romance and fiction for his 
has been an eventful and varied career. He 
was born in Allegheny. Pennsylvania, Au- 
gust 14, 1S48. and is a son of James and 
Mary ( Ritchey) Blackstock. In the pater- 
nal line he comes of Scotch ancestry. His 
grandfather, Joseph Blackstock, was a na- 
tive of the land of the hills and heather and 
in early life he crossed the briny deep to the 
new world, settling in Canada, where the 
greater part of his years were passed. The 
maternal grandfather of our subject was 
Samuel Ritchey, a native of Bedford county, 
Pennsylvania, and spent his entire life there, 
following the occupation of farming. James 
Blackstock, the father of our subject, was 
born in Dumfrieshire, Scotland, and about 
1820 left that country and became a resi- 
dent of Canada, his home being near Que- 
bec where other members of the family were 
also located. He did not remain long in the 
Dominion, however, but removed to Pitts- 
buig, Pennsylvania, where he followed the 
trade of a carpenter and also engaged in tak- 
ing contracts along that line. He was united 
in marriage to Mary Ritchey. a native of 
Bedford count v and he died in 1862 at the 



352 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



age of fifty years, while liis wife, surviving 
him for some time, passed away at tlie age of 
sixty-six years. They were the parents of six 
children, two of whom are still living: Eliza- 
beth D., the wife of M. V. Freidenrich, of 
Philadelphia; and \Mlliani J. Of the others 
all died in infancy with the exception of 
Mamie, who reached the age of three years. 
William J. Blackstock attended school in 
his early boyhood l)ut through a little strat- 
egic movement on his part he managed to 
become a member of the iMfty-eighth Penn- 
sylvania Regiment for service during the 
Civil war and after serving for a time was 
discharged on his fifteenth birthday, the 14th 
of August, 1863. He was very young to 
have a soldier's record but while at the front 
he was always found faithful to his duty. 
Soon afterward he went up the Ohio river 
as a cook. In 1S64 be left that service, 
however, and went to Dakota, living, among 
the Indians for several years in that wild 
western district. In 1868-9 he traveled over 
the ground where Custer was killed and 
during his stay amid the various Indian 
camps he became acquainted with the leaders 
of all of the tribes of the northwest. For 
eight years he "roughed it" in Dakota and 
Montana and the history of that period of 
the development of the northwest is famil- 
iar to him through actual experience. In 
1872 he went to Minnesota, where he en- 
gaged in lumbering but after a short time he 
purchased the Pine County News, at Pine 
City, Minnesota, continuing its publication 
for five years. On the expiration of that 
period in 1877 he disposed of his plant and 
returned to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where 
he remained for one year and then removed 
to Sewickley, where he became the owner of 
the \'alley News. He changed the name of 
this paper to the Sewickley Tribune and re- 
mained its editor and publisher until 1884, 



when he sold out and again went to Pitts- 
burg. There he secured a position as repor- 
ter in the interest of the Gazette and was also 
employed on the Pittsburg Dispatch. In 
1887 he removed to Chicago, but after a 
few months he purchased the News at 
Crisman, Illinois, changing the name of that 
publication to the Courier. On .selling the 
plant there he came to Danville in 1891 and 
has since been engaged in the painting, pa- 
per hanging and contracting business here 
He receives a liberal patronage. He opened 
his present store in October, 1901, and the 
new enterprise has prospered from the be- 
ginning. 

In 1 88 1 occurred ttlie marriage of Mr. 
Blackstock and Miss Ella MacNutt, a 
daughter of William and Matilda (McFar- 
land) McXutt, both of whom were natives 
of Pennsylvania, born near Philadelphia in 
which locality they spent their entire lives, 
the mother dying when only thirty-three 
years of age, while the father reached the 
vaiiced age of eighty-six year. The ]\Ic- 
I<"arlands were highlanders of Scotland, 
there being only a slight trace of English 
blood found in Mrs. Blackstock's family. In 
his political views Mr. Blackstock is an earn- 
est Republican, unfaltering in his allegiance 
to the principles of the party and taking an 
active part in its work, doing everything in 
his power to promote its growth and insure 
its success. 



WILLIAM T. SANDUSKY. 

William T. Sandusky was born in Bour- 
bon county, Kentucky, March i, 1829, his 
])arents being William and Julia (Earp) 
Sandusky, the former a native of Kentucky 
and the latter of Virginia. They were mar- 
ried in the Blue Grass state and in the fall 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



353 



of 1829 remo\'ed from Bourbon covintv to 
Shelln' county, Illinois, making the journey 
overland in. a cox^ered wagon. Everything 
was new and wild and the father purchased 
ii claim. He arrived in the fall of the year 
and died in the following March. His 
Avidow survived him only until 1840, when 
she, too, passed awa}'. In their family were 
three children anil the two sisters are now 
<leceascd. 

William T. Sandusky was only eleven 
years of age when left an orphan. While 
he resided in Shelbv county, he rememliers 
to ha^•e seen the fires started with an old tlint 
gun. He can well remember the first wheat 
Thread that he e\er saw, the flour being 
ground in a watermill. He also remembers 
of visiting a family in which were ten girls 
and they had two looms and all of the 
dresses for common and Sunday wear were 
made from cloth woven in these looms. 
They carded and spun their own cotton. 

From early youth Mr. Sandusky has 
been dependent upon his own resources for 
a living. In the year 1848 he came to Ver- 
milion county driving a herd of cattle to this 
portion of the state. He had previously 
journeyed on foot to Indiana in order to find 
work and had returned again in the same 
manner to Shelbyville, Kentucky, where he 
liired out to a Mr. Smith a cattle dealer, for 
whom he brought a herd to Vermilion coun- 
ty. His employer drove a herd to New 
York and after his return in connection with 
our subject took a second herd there. Mr. 
Sandusky left Mr. Smith in the east while 
he rode back to Illinois making the distance 
■of over one thousand miles in twenty days. 
Arriving here he fed cattle during the fall 
and winter. He also worked in Shelby coun- 
ty, Illinois, for one hundred and twenty dol- 
lars per year and his board, spending three 
years on a fann. Thinking that this was a 



slov,' way of making money he statred for 
California in 1853 from \'ermilion county. 
He had then but three or four hundred dol- 
lars. Proceeding to New York he went by 
steamer by way of the isthmus of Panama 
and spent three years in the gold regions of 
the Pacific coast, both mining and superin- 
tending a large farm. He was successful 
there and after his return he began trading 
in cattle in Illinois. It was his intention to 
again go to California but he decided other- 
wise and became interested in farming and 
stock dealing. At times he visited all of the 
western territories and the second time he 
started for California, going as far as Indi- 
ana. There lie entered into partnership in 
a hotel business in Greencastle, Putnam 
county, and after three years he conducted 
that house alone. For a similar period he 
was proprietor of the Junction House and 
then with the capital he had acquired 
throug'h his earnest efforts he returned to Il- 
linois and purchased a farm in Vermilion 
county, buying one hundred and sixty acres 
for which he paid six thousand dollars in 
cash. After three or four months he pur- 
chased another farm of one hundred and 
ninety acres for which he paid eight thous- 
and dollars. For his third farm he gave four 
thousand dollars. Thus from time to time 
he purchased land and the last farm which 
he bought was sold at seventy-five dollars per 
acre. To-day he owns about six hundred 
acres of valuable land, all under cultivation. 
Much of this is underlaid by a six foot vein 
of coal and his farming property is all in Cat- 
lin township and he is now numbered among 
the substantial and prosperous agricultur- 
ists in this part of the state. For thirty-five 
years he engaged in feeding cattle, following 
that business until about three years ago. 
He also fed about eighty hogs annually. He 
now has four taiement houses on his farms 



354 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



and tlie rental fruni liis jjlaces and the \nn- 
ducts of liis fields return to liiin a splendid 
income. He ditl his first plowing witii a 
wooden mold board and cultivated his land 
with a single shovel, driving his horses with 
a rope line. He used to drop sod corn with 
a breaking plow for ten cents per day and 
has driven a si.K-yoke team of oxen to a 
breaking plow for a similar wage. All that 
was in marked contrast to his present posi- 
tion as one of the prosperous agriculturists 
of th.e county. He cut grain with a reap 
liook and performed much arduous labor 
and experienced many liardships and trials. 
He drove cows and hogs in 1846. going 
barefooted. He was then in his seven- 
teentii year. He took the cattle across the 
])rairies to the Cliicago market and on the re- 
turn trip drove a yoke of oxen. It was 
necessary to ford the Kankakee ri\er which 
was then unbridged and at nights lie would 
camp out on tlie ])rairies. Taking his pro- 
visions with him he would fry l)acon and 
make "slap jack" imd coffee. .Ml of the 
experiences of pioneer life were familiar to 
him through actual contact with its modes 
of living. He has worked for twenty-five 
cents per day and \\hile still in Shelby coun- 
ty lie made nuls for twenty-five cents per 
hundrerl. and with the money thus earned 
he purcliased cloth from a neighbor woman 
and from this had a suit of clothing made. 
He can rememl)er tliat (hn'ing his mother's 
time llic only way of coloring cloth was with 
black walnut bark. The only overcoat Mr. 
Sandusky e\er saw while living in Sliclb\' 
county was made of an English piece of 
liroadcloth and cost seventy-five dollars. 

On the 30th of Xo\ember. 1859. oc- 
curred the marriage of Mr. Sandusky and 
Miss lunily Clements, who was born in 
Shelbyvilie. Illinois, May 28, 1839, a daugh- 
ter of John and Emily (Livers) Clements, 



win I were natives of Maryland and Ijecame 
very early settlers of Shelby coimty. In the 
family of Mr. and Mrs. Sandusky were two 
children wlio are yet living: Mrs. Maggie 
Hickman, of Catlin township,; and Katie, 
who keeps house for her father. She is cer- 
tainly proficient in the work and makes a 
very pleasant home for her father in his de- 
clining years. Mrs. Sandusky died January 
13, 1899, and her death was deeply mourned 
by iicr faniilv and many friends. Mr. San- 
dusky is now in his sevcnty-tliirtl year and 
is one of the honored and worthy pioneers 
of tlie state. His has been a varied and 
eventful life, not only because of his ex- 
l)erience as a frontier settler in Illinois, but 
also becau.sc of his career as a California 
pioneer and ranchman. 



JOHX BALTHASAR WILLICS. 

It refjuircs courage and resolution to 
sever the connections which bind one to his 
nati\e land and cast in his lot with the peo- 
ple of a new country with whose language, 
liabits and liusiness methods he is unfa- 
miliar. It is a venture the outcome of whicli 
cannot be foretold, and yet there are certain 
elements which are irresistible in business 
life throughout the world and if one pos- 
sesses these the venture cannot but partake 
of success in some measure at least. Mr. 
W'illius came to .\merica from the father- 
land, his birth having occurred in Mainz, in 
the ]irovince of Rhine Hesse, Germany, 
January 28, 1857. His parents were George 
Andreas and Katherina W'illius. the former 
a merchant tailor. 

The son began his education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native city and afterward 
entered the high school, in which pupils are 
prepared for entering mercantile life, and in 




JOHN B. WILLIUS. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



357 



that institution Mr. Willius was graduated 
in the year 1S72. There were many ele- 
ments of character displayed in his boyhood 
that showed a strong love of nature and its 
beauties. During his school days he de- 
lighted to gather flowers, insects and ferns 
and to wander among the beautiful hills and 
fields that border the Rhine. All these pro- 
pensities were indicati\e of the strong trait 
of character which has been manifest 
throughout his entire career and is now ex- 
•emplified in the department of business ac- 
tivity to which he devotes his energies. 

After completing his school life he en- 
tered his father's store and later he was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor to learn the trade, but it 
was distasteful to him and after a time he 
abandoned work in that direction. It was 
his desire to be a florist and accordingly his 
father paid five hundred marks to a repre- 
sentati\'e of that business who would teach 
his son all he knew concerning the best 
methods of cultivating and producing flow- 
ers and plants. When he had mastered the 
trade Mr. \Villius traveled o\-er different sec- 
tions of Germanv and was employed in \-a- 
rious cities, but the opportunities of the new 
world attracted him and he resolved to test 
the truth of the favorable reports which he 
had heard concerning America. Crossing 
the Atlantic to the United States he was em- 
ployed in New York for a time and then 
Avent west to Chicago, but was unable to ob- 
tain work as a florist in that city and he 
therefore entered the service of a farmer and 
was sent to W'aukesha county, Wisconsm. 
but in the autumn of the same vear he re- 
turned to Chicago and as he was still unable 
to obtain employment in the field of his cho- 
sen calling he accepted a situation in a pre- 
serve factory. The following spring, how- 
ever, he was more fortunate, for he secured 
■work in a floral establishment and finallv he 



came to Danville, where he was made fore- 
man of the florist business. When eighteen 
months had thus passed he returned to Chi- 
cago to his former employer, but the man 
whom he had served in Danvillle did not 
wish to lose his services and induced him to 
again come to this city. With a laudable 
ambition to engage in business on his own 
account he afterward went to Fremont, Ne- 
braska, receiving favorable reports of the 
town and of the opportunities for a florist at 
that place. Accordingly he removed with 
his family to the west, but did not find things 
as represented and after six months he re- 
turned to Danville for the third and last 
time, for he has never since left this city and 
since the ist of August, 1894, he has con- 
ducted a prosperous and growing business 
of his own. He established his greenhouse 
and gardens on the Covington road and for 
more than five years has engaged in the re- 
tail trade, in selling flowers at No. 134 Ver- 
milion street, in Danville. 

In Chicago, on the ist of November, 
1884, Mr. Willius was united in marriage 
to Lena Schultz ,and unto them have been 
born three children, but the eldest, a daugh- 
ter, died in Chicago at the age of eighteen 
months. George Gotlieb, the second, is now 
fifteen years of age, and the third, Charles, 
is but three years of age. Mr. Willius has 
been a member of the Odd Fellows Society 
since 1893 ''"d for one term he served as 
noble grand in his lodge. In 1893 he be- 
came connected with the Modern Woodmen 
of America, and he belongs to the Metho- 
dist church. He has endeavored to make his 
life an exemplification of the golden rule 
and thus his business career has ever been 
honorable and straightforward, while 
among his friends he is known for his fidel- 
ity, benevolence and consideration. His 
greatest interest centers in his home, and he 



358 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



finds liis chief happiness in spending the 
hours outside of business witli his wife and 
chilih'en. 

While in liis native country he served for 
two years in the Sixth Company of the 
Eighty-seventli Nassau Regiment of In- 
fantry, at Mainz, and was discharged as of- 
ficer of reserve. He was never under arrest 
for a single hour or paid a disciplinarian 
fine. In politics he is a prominent Repulili- 
can never failing to cast his ballot for the 
men and measures of the party, yet he has 
ne\-cr sought or desired office for himself. 
He is now a re])resentati\e and successful 
business man of Danville, but he did not 
stumble upon his success by chance; he has 
earned it by a lifetime of solid work intelli- 
genlly directed to a single end. Nor has he 
ever taken advantage of the necessities of 
his fellow men in his dealings with those 
who give to him their patronage. 



J. M. W'JLKIXS. M. D. 

Dr. J. I\J. W'ilkins is the loved family 
physician of many a household of Vermilion 
county. Through many years he has prac- 
ticed his profession in this ])art of the state, 
carrying encouragement and comfort into 
the residences of the rich and poor alike. 
The qualities of an upright manhood and of 
a generous sympathetic nature as well as his 
professional skill have endeared him to those 
with w 1)1 im he has come in contact. 

Tlie Doctor was born in Marion county, 
Ohio. September 22. 1826. The Wilkins 
family was founded in America by Thomas 
and Austin W'ilkins, who came to the colo- 
nies from England at the time of the Re\o- 
lutionary war. Thomas settled in Marion 
county, Ohio, and after his family hafl 



grown up he and his wife, in the evening of 
life, went to live with their son Benjamin in 
I'.ranch county. Michigan, remaining there 
until they were called to their final rest. The 
other brother settled in the state of Virginia. 
He had two sons, one of whom resides in 
Crawfcrdsville. Indiana, w ihlc the other is 
living in Charleston, Illinois, and is serv- 
ing as circuit judge there. Both have been 
l)rominent in public ofihce. 

Samuel W'ilkins. the father of our sub- 
ject, was Ixirn in Ohio and after arriving at 
years of maturity he was married in ]\Iarion 
county to Miss Mary Mclntx're. whose 
grandparents were killed by the Indian's in 
Xew Jersey during colonial days. They were 
living in a log house and on one occasion 
their cattle strayed away from home and 
they followed them until finding them when 
they started on the way back with their 
stock. Before they reached home, however, 
they were surprised by a band of sixteen In- 
dian warriors who shot the husband. Joe 
McTntyrc, scal])ed him and took his clothes 
and rille. They made his wife a cajitive and 
when the cattle returned home the sixteen 
year-old son realized that something was 
wrong. He then went in search of his par- 
ents and found the father dead. Telling the 
tale to the neighljors. a company of twenty 
men was formed and following the Indians, 
surprised them and killed all but one. who 
afterward died . The mother was found dead 
in the vicinity of their camp, having been 
murdered by the red men. At the time of 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. W'ilkins located 
in Ohio, where the father carried on farming 
until ins (ieaih, which occurred about 1830. 
The motiier afterward removed with her 
onlv child, our subject, to Lagrange county, 
Indiana. She gave her hand in marriage 
there to Thomas Gothup, who died in 1842. 
Later she became a resident of Michigan and 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



359 



married John Sinclair. Her death occurred 
at Chilhcothe, Missouri, in 1857. By her 
second marriage she had three daughters and 
a son, of whom two are living. Jane is the 
widow of William Townsley, a resident of 
Caledonia, Michigan, and Keturah is the wife 
of William Race, who resides at Turkey 
Prairie, near Ligonier, Indiana. By the 
mother's third marriage there was one son, 
Thomas Sinclair, who is now living in Ouin- 
cy, ^Michigan. 

Dr. Wilkins, whose name introduces this 
review, began his education in a log school- 
house which stood on the side of a marsh, in 
Branch county, Michigan. Later he at- 
tended school in Lagrange county, Indiana, 
becoming a student in Lagrange County 
Association school. Subsequently he en- 
gaged in teaching for one term in Steuben 
county and for one term in Porter county, 
Indiana, also one term in Lagrange county, 
Michigan. In 1845, when nineteen years of 
age, he took up the study of medicine under 
the direction of Dr. R. A. Cameron and la- 
ter he attended lectures in the Indiana Med- 
ical College at Laporte, Indiana, where he 
was graduatetl with the class of 1850. Re- 
turning then to Branch county, Michigan, 
he th.ere practiced for four years and on the 
2d of January, 1854. he arrived in New- 
town, Vermilion county. Illinois, where he 
opened an office. 

On the 2Sth of September, 1852, in 
Branch county, Ixlichigan, Dr. Wilkins was 
united in marriage to ]Miss Mahitable Pond, 
^\■ho \\-as born in Cattaraugus county. New 
York. August 10, 1833. She was descended 
from one of two brothers, who came from 
England to Ameica in an early day, her an- 
cestor settling in Vermont, while the other 
brother located in Virgina. Her paternal 
grandfather was a Revolutionary soldier 
under Washington and afterward served his 



country in tlie war of 1812, the g'overnment 
granting him a pension for his aid in the 
army. I\lrs. Wilkins" father, Willard 
Henr}' Pond, was born in Sudbury, Rutland 
county Vermont, August 8, 1800, and died 
in September, 1869, while 'his wife. Miss 
Phebe Aijjjey. was born in Connecticut, Feb- 
ruary I J. i3o2, and died No\-ember 2j, 
i86g. They were married in Madison, Con- 
necticut, in 1822, and the father was en- 
gaged in farming. During the girlhood of 
Mrs. \\'ilkins he removed with his family to 
Ohio and subsequently to Fairmount, Illi- 
nois, where his death occurred. In his polit- 
ical views he was a Republican and voted for 
Abraham Lincoln. He belonged to the Ma- 
sonic fraternity and to the Baptist church, 
while liis wife held memljersbip in the Meth- 
odist church. In the familv of this worthy 
couple were seven children, three boys and 
four girls, of whom two are living — Mrs. 
Wilkins and Mrs. Louis A. Smith, a resi- 
dent of Odin, Illinois. 

in the year of 1859 Dr. Wilkins and his 
wife removed to Conkeytown, Vermilion 
couiUy, where they remained some time 
and in ^863 came to b'airmount, which was 
their ])]ace of residence until 1880. In that 
year they went to Garnet, Kansas, where the 
Doctor practiced for two vears and then re- 
moved to Ottawa, that state, where he re- 
sided for twelve years. His next place of 
residence was in Fontana, ^liami county, 
Kansas, where he remained until October, 
iQoo. when he went to Chicago, Illinois. In 
May, 1901, however, he returned to Fair- 
mount, where he is now living. Throughout 
all these years he has continued the practice 
of his profession, his entire life being de- 
voted with conscientious zeal to the allevia- 
tion of human suffering-. He has been a 
most studious physician and owns a large 
and valuable librarv with the contents of 



36o 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



\vhich he is thoroughly famihar, in fact, he 
is regarded as one of the most learned and 
capahle menihers of the medical jjrofession 
of Illinois. The Doctor is also a courteous 
gentleman, charitable to a fault. Never has 
the road been too long or the weather too in- 
clement for the Doctor to visit those who 
are suffering, no matter what their finan- 
cial circumstances are in life, the poor re- 
ceiving the same attention as that which is 
•g'wen to his richer neighbor. The Doctor 
was a charter member of the \'ermilion 
County Medical Association and in i8<S3 he 
became a member of the State Medical Asso- 
ciation of Kansas. Three years later he 
joined the National Medical Association 
and he is also a member of the Illionis State 
Medical .Association. In his practice he has 
ever made a special study of the nervous 
svstem and of nervous diseases, claiming 
that this system is the most intricate and 
important of all the parts of the body. 

Unto Dr. Wilkins and his wife have been 
liorn three sons and three daughters : Mary 
A., born August 6, 1852, died September 8, 
1S52. Ida ;\Iay, born March 31, 1854, died 
in Nnvemlier of the same year. Jennie E., 
born February 12, 1856, is the wife of 
Charles Bezensen. a resident of Chicago, by 
whom she has two sons. Fred W. and John 
M. Charles A., born January 3, 1858. was 
married in Central City, Colorado, to Ma- 
tilda Malmsburg, and is now a ci\'il engin- 
eer, mine prospector and assayer of Lead- 
ville. that state. He has three children, Hat- 
tie, Phebe and Abasha. I'rank L.. born May 
2.:]., i860, died October 11, 1862. Fred, born 
October 3, 1864, was married in Ottawa. 
Kansas, to Hattie Bement and their children 
are Tracey, Bessie and .\lberl. 'idieir home 
is now in Englewood. lllinijis, where Fred 
Wilkins is a well known professional musi- 
cian. 



Dr. Wilkins was made a Mason in 1868, 
bec(,>ming a member of Fairmount Lodge, 
No. 590, F. & A. M. He is also a member 
of b'ainnount Lodge, No. 319, I. O. O. F., 
and belongs to the Odd Fellaws Encamp- 
ment of Danville, and is a member of the 
grand lodge of the state. For thirteen years 
he represented Fairmount in the grand lodge 
and for two terms he has been chief patri- 
arch. He has al\va}'s refused to hold i)ublic 
office, but in his political affiliations is an 
earnest and loyal Republican. Both the 
Doctor and his wife are members of the 
Ba])tist church and are most highly esteemed 
residents here. Many accord to the medical 
profession the highest rank among the call- 
ings to which man devotes his energies. At 
all e\cnts it is one of the most important 
and great are the responsibilities which rest 
u]x)n the physician. Dr. \\'ilkins has fully 
met e\erv obligation which has de\iil\ed 
upon him in this connection and with con- 
scientious eft'ort has met the demands of the 
])ul)lic for his professional services. He has 
continually promoted his proficiency through 
comprehensive reading and study, and, 
moreover, he has a deep human sympathy 
without which medical research. l)ringing 
with it broad knowledge, is of little a\-ail. 



CHARLES \V. WARNER. 

The press has not onlv recorded the his- 
tory of ad\'ancement, liul has also e\'er been 
the leader in the work of progress and im- 
provement, — the vanguard of civilization. 
The philosopher of some centuries ago pro- 
claimed the truth that "the pen is mightier 
than the sword," and the statement is con- 
tinually being x-erified in the affairs of life. 
In molding public opinion the power of the 





u. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



363 



newspaper cannot be estimated, but at all 
e\'ents its influence is greater than any other 
single agency. Mr. Warner is a well known 
representative of tlie journalistic interests 
of Vermilion county, being the editor and 
proprietor of the Hooi)eston Chronicle. 
Through the columns of his paper he has 
e\-er ad\ocated progress, reform and im- 
provement and has exercised marked in- 
fluence in behalf of the general welfare here. 
He is also the efficient postmaster of the 
town and as a public oi^cial has gained the 
commendation of his fellow citizens. 

Mr. Warner was torn near Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana, on the J4th of January, 1857, 
his parents being Abner and Mary (Cad- 
wallader) ^\'arner, the former a native of 
Ohio and the latter born near Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana. They were married at Old 
Darlington and for many years they trav- 
eled life's journey together, but in 1888 
were separated liy the death of the husljand. 
Mrs. AVarner still survives and is living in 
Rossville. Mr. Warner was a farmer by oc- 
cupation, lie came to Illinois in 1850 and 
here herded cattle on the prairies, driving 
them across the country to the Philadelphia 
markets. He thus dealt in stock in his 
younger years but in later life he turned his 
attention to farming, which he followed in 
Vermilion county, meeting with fair suc- 
cess. His death occurred in Rossville. In 
the family were but two children, the 
younger brother being Perry ]\I., who is 
manager of the Telephone Exchange at 
Rossville. 

During his earl_\' boyhood days Charles 
W. ^\'arner accomi)anied his parents on 
their removal to Rossville, where he ac- 
quired his preliminary education. He after- 
ward engaged in teaching for two terms in 
the district schools of Champaign county. 
He received further mental discipline in the 



"poor man's college" — a printing office, — 
learning the printer's trade in Rossville after 
leaving school and before teaching. When 
he had completed his work as an educator 
he canie to Hoopeston and was employed in 
the office of the Chronicle, which was then 
owned by Dale Wallace, with whom he re- 
mained for three years. During this time 
he also served as journal clerk in the state 
legislature of the thirty-second general as- 
sembly, appointed through the influence of 
Messrs. Butteiiield and Holden, members of 
the house from his district. On the ist 
of July. 1882, Mr. W^arner purchased the 
Chronicle plant, incurring an indebtedness 
of three thousand dollars in order to do this. 
He has since been editor and proprietor of 
the paper, which he has successfully pub- 
lished. Owing to an increased circulation, 
to a good advertising patronage and to his 
capable management, he has been enabled 
to discharge the indebtedness and he now 
publishes both a daily and weekly edition of 
the Chronicle, which is regarded as one of 
the best papers which comes from the press 
of this portion of the state. He employs 
six people and has a well equipped office. 
There is a gas engine, a cylinder press and 
all of the latest improvements usually found 
in a first class printing office. The paper is 
devoted to the local interests and to the dis- 
semination of general news and has proved 
a profitable investment. 

In the year 1889 Mr. Warner was 
elected postmaster. Congressman Cannon 
calling an election for that purpose, because 
there were seven candidates in the field. 
Mr. Warner was the choice of the people 
and served acceptably in the office during 
President Harrison's administration. He 
tired and was superseded by a Democrat 
during President Cleveland's term of office 
and was then again appointed by President 



3^4 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



]\IcKinley, and was a lliird time appointed 
by President Roosevelt, so that lie is now 
the incumbent. His administration is prac- 
tical, business-like and progressive and the 
affairs of the oiBce are capably managed b)- 
him. He has likewise ser\ed as city clerk 
and at the present time he is a mcin1)er of 
the Cfjunty committee of the Republican par- 
ty, being a recognized leader in the ranks of 
that organization. 

On the 13th of December, 1883, in 
Hoopeston, Mr. Warner was united in mar- 
riage with Aliss Lillian Clark, who was born 
at \\'enona, Illinois, on the 9th of May, 
1864, and they have one child, Gladys, born 
December 8, 1891. Mrs. Henrietta B. 
Clark, the mother of Mrs. Warner, is also 
a member of the household, and they have 
a pleasant home at the corner of Penn and 
Third streets. Mr. Warner is a prominent 
Mason, belonging to Star Lodge, No. 709, 
F. & A. M.. Hoopeston Chapter, No. 181, 
R. .\. M., and Grant Council, No. 89, R. & 
S. -M. He is also a member of Hoopeston 
Lodge, No. 193. K. P., and Hoopeston 
Camp, No. 257, M. W. A. He has passed 
all of the chairs in the Knights of Pythias 
lodge and has been a delegate to its grand 
lodge and deputy grand chancellor of the 
order. Mr. Warner's political, fraternal 
and business relations has brought him a 
wide acquaintance and he is justly esteemed 
as one of the progressive, enterprising and 
respected citizens of his adopted county. 



P.VTRICK MAKTIX. 

Vermilion county has been the home and 
tlie scene of labor of many men who iiave not 
only led Hves that should .serve as an ex- 

ami)lc to those who come after them but have 



also been of important service to the com- 
munity through \arious avenues of useful- 
ness. Among them may be numbered Pat- 
rick Martin, who ilied at his pleasant home 
iii Danville on the 20th of April, 1896. 

He was horn in County Kilkenny. Ire- 
land. March 3. 1840. a son of Michael and 
Julia Martin, who were natives of the same 
county, where they continued to reside until 
1 85 1. That year witnessed the emigration 
of the family to .\merica, and on -landing in 
X'ew ^'ork. March 17. they proceeded at 
once to Schenectady. Xew York, where they 
spent only a short time, however. They next 
went to Michigan City, Indiana, and a few 
vears later liveil for brief periods in Ottowa 
and Chicago. Illinois, finally locating near 
Statcline. where the father improved a farm. 
In the meantime he was looking up a favor- 
al)lc location with the intention of buying a 
place and was not satisfied until he found a 
farm near h'airmount, Vermilion county, 
upon which he and his wife spent the re- 
mainder of their ]i\es. They were the pa- 
rents oi five children, who are still living, 
namely: Bridget, now the wi(U)w of 
Thomas Caxanagh and a resident of Dan- 
ville: Mary, widow of John W;dl and a resi- 
dent of Terre Haute, Indiana; Walter, an 
engineer on the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chi- 
cago & St. Louis Railroad and a resident of 
Indi;niapolis. Indiana: Ella, now Mrs. Pat- 
terson, of Cripple Creek, Colorado: and An- 
nie, wife of Edward Langin, of Lousi- 
\ilk'. Kentucky. 

Our subject's educational advantages 
were limited. At the age of eleven years he 
c;une with his parents to the new world and 
continued lo assist his father in the opera- 
tion of the home farm until the Civil war 
broke out. Having a sincere love for his 
adopted country he enlisted in 1862 for 
three vears" service, becoming a member of 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



365 



Company E, Seventy-tliird Illinois Volun- 
teer Infantry, which was under the com- 
mand of Generals Sheridan and Grant. He 
was in a numher of engagements, including 
those of the Atlanta campaign, and was 
wounded in the battle of Franklin by a bul- 
let in the leg-. After some time spent in the 
hospital he received an honorable discharge 
on account of his wound, March 25, 1865, 
and returned home. 

In 1868 Mr. Martin married Miss Sarah 
Tighe, who was also born in Ireland, March 
17, 1834, her parents, Dennis and Mary 
Tighe, spending their entire lives in that 
country. By occupation her father was a 
farmer. Of the four children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Martin, Annie died in 1894, Mary 
is living with her mother in Danville, and 
the other two died in infancy. 

After his marriage Mr. Martin pur- 
chased a farm near Fairmount, where he 
continued to reside for several years, his 
time and attention being devoted to gen- 
eral farming and stock raising. Later 
he bought a farm near Homer, this 
county, where he made his home until 
his removal to the city of Danville in 
1890. A hard working, industrious and en- 
ergetic man, he had acquired a comfortable 
comiietence and was able to spend his last 
years in ease and retirment from active la- 
bor. Bv his ballot he always supported the 
men and measures of the Democratic party 
but never cared for the honors or emolu- 
ments of public office. Like his wife and 
daughter he held membership in the Catho- 
lic churcli, and his upright, lionorable life 
won for him the confidence and high regard 
of all with whom he was brought in coh- 
tact. Mr. Martin eminently deserves classi- 
fication among the purely self-made men of 
the county who have distinguished them- 
selves for their ability to master the oppos- 



ing forces of life and to wrest from fate a 
large measure of success and an honorable 
name. He left to his widow some \-alual)le 
propert}- in Danville, including the beauti- 
ful residence at Xo. 442 Jackson street, 
which she and her daughter now occupy, and 
also a fine farm of one hundred acres near 
the \-illage of Tilton in this county. She is 
a most estimable lady and was to her hus- 
band a faithful companion and helpmate, 
aifling and encourag'ing him in every possi- 
ble May along the pathway of life. 



JOHX A. PHILLIPS. 

The sul.iject of this re\'iew is a self-made 
man wlio, without any extraordinary family 
or pecuniary advantages at the commence- 
ment of life, has battled earnestly and ener- 
getically, and by indomitable courage and 
integrity has achieved both character and a 
comfortable competence. By sheer force of 
will and untiring effort he has worked his 
way U])ward aiiil is numbered among the 
leading business men of Danville. He is 
now the proprietor of the Phillips Laundry, 
(jne of the leading enterprises of this char- 
acter in \'ermili<in county. 

John A. Phillips was born in Fountain 
county, Indiana, January 23, 1848, his par- 
ents being Jackson and Margaret (McQuig) 
Phillips. The Phillips family was origin- 
ally from Virginia and the McOuigs are 
from Ohio. Unti) the parents of our subject 
were Ixjrn four children : Edward, who 
makes his home in Danville; Frank T., who 
is living in [Montana: Ora, also of Danville; 
and John A. The father died at the age of 
fifty-eight years and the mother passed away 
at the age of sixty-seven years. 

When a youth of only thirteen years 



366 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



John A. I'liillips started mit ti.i make his 
own way in tlie world. Jie is tlierefore 
lai'g'ely a self-educated as well as self-made 
man and thfonjfh readinji^. experience and 
<jl)servati(»n he has gradually ailded to the 
knowledge he liad acquired in the puhlic 
schools in his early youth. He began to 
earn his own livelihood by working as a 
farm hand and in 1860 he accepted the posi- 
tion of assistant to a photographer who was 
deaf and dumb and who had formed 
an attachment for Mr. Phillips, teach- 
ing him the business in his art gal- 
lery in Fairbiu'v. Illinois. Our sub- 
ject continued this connection with pho- 
tography for twenty years, fifteen years 
of which time he was engaged in business in 
Danville, having located here in 187 1. In 
1885 he and his bnjther, Frank T. Phillips, 
formed a ])artnership and established the 
Phillips Lamidry, which is the leading en- 
terprise of its kind in this city and our sub- 
ject is now sole proprietor. He took charge 
of the business in 1893 and five years later 
he purchased his brother's interest and has 
since been sole owner. When they estab- 
lished their laundry they employed eight peo- 
])le. inchuUng two washers and two ironing 
men. Their business has so increased in vol- 
uiue that they now give employment to thir- 
ty people, including seven washers. The 
plant is splendidly cf|uip|)e(l, ha\ing an eigh- 
ty horse-power boiler, two twenty-six inch 
extractors, a collar and cuff Troy ironcr, 
number five and nine regular ironers, and 
their machinery is all run by gas, which is 
manufactured by a i)atent process in the 
building. Mr. Phillijis also has a shirt and 
collar dryer which is a machine of his own 
de\ice. There is also a carpet cleaning ma- 
chine. It is the most modern and perfect 
plant of the kind in \^ermilion county, l-'our 
■wagons arc utili/;ed in calling and delivering 



goods and the business has now grown in 
volume until it has assumed very extensive 
and profitable proportions. 

In 1873 Mr. Phillips was united in mar- 
riage to Rosa Xoyes, a daughter of William 
Xoyes, a native of Kentucky now living in 
Danville, b'our children have been l)orn of 
this marriage: George A.; William, who 
died .\ugust 10. 1901, at the age of twenty- 
three years : Roy B. ; and Frank A., who is an 
assistant in the laundry. The parents hold 
membershi]) in the Methodist Episcopal 
chrurch and Mr. Phillips is a jirom- 
inent Odd Fellow. For ten consecu- 
ti\c years he served as a represent- 
ti>e to the grand encampment. He is 
also identified with the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, the Modern Woodmen, the Court of 
Honor and the Battery A Association. 
Ilis success has been by no means the result 
of fortunate circumstances, but has come to 
him through energy, labor and perseverance, 
directed by an evenly balanced mind and by 
honorable business principles. He com- 
luands the respect of all with whom he 
comes in contact and his hi)noral)le career 
excites their admiration. 



JAMES J. RICE. 

This venerable and highly honored gen- 
tleman, now a nongenarian, was born in 
Chautauc|ua county, New York, June 13, 
181 2, and since 1835 he has been a resident 
of Vermilion county. Although the snows 
of many winters have whitened his hair he 
seems to possess the vigor of a man of much 
vounger age, for nature is kind to those who 
alnise not her laws and Mr. Rice's career has 
been one of right living. Throughout his 
long life he has ever commanded the regard 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



367 



and confidence of his fellow men and his ex- 
ample should serve as an inspiration to the 
young and is well worthy of emulation. Air. 
Rice comes of good old Revolutionary stock. 
His maternal grandfather was of Scotch de- 
scent and served for seven years as a mem- 
ber of the Colonial army, fighting for the in- 
dependence of the nation. Silas Rice, the fa- 
ther, was born in eastern New York and died 
when awav from home. His wife bore the 
maiden name of Phebe Leonard and was a 
native of Cayuga county, Xew York. She 
died in Vermilion county, Illinois, in 1857, 
at the age of seventy-seven. In their family 
were eight children, of whom only three are 
now li\ing: J. J., of this review; Lucy and 
Hannah. The sister Lucy is the widow of 
Isaac Balengee, who was a soldier of the 
Confederate army and is now deceased. She 
makes her home in Danville. Hannah is the 
wife of Charles Clifton, of Omaha, Ne- 
braska. 

In the fall of 1835 Mr. Rice of this re- 
view came to Vermilion county with his 
mother and li\ed for nine years on Salt 
Fork. He then removed to Pilot township, 
taking up his abode in the eastern part, and 
there lived for five years, when he moved to 
his farm on section 16, where he resided un- 
til about fifteen years ago, when he and his 
wife removed to Charity, where he has since 
made his home. Since the death of his wife 
in 1901 \lr. Rice has made his home with 
his daughter, Mrs. Harter, of Charity. He 
started out in the business world with less 
than one hundred dollars, but now he is a 
man of affluence, owning two hundred and 
forty acres of valuable land, worth one hun- 
dred dollars per acre. .\11 this has been ac- 
quired through his own perseverance, dili- 
gence and honesty. 

On the nth of September, 1845, ^^''• 
Rice was united in marriage to Miss Mary 



Davis, who was born in Pickaway county, 
Ohio, September 13, 1823. They traveled 
life's journey together for almost fifty-six 
}'ears and then on the 12th of August, 1901, 
Mrs. Rice was called to her final rest, when 
nearly seventy-eight years of age. She was 
one of a family of seven children, her broth- 
ers and sisters being as follows : Irene, who 
is the widow of F. M. Brewer and resides in 
Indiana ; Emily, the widow of George Wil- 
son, her home being near Ouincy, Illinois ; 
Cynthia Ann, who is the widow of Milton 
Cannon, and lives in Chicago ; Diana, the 
widow of Daniel Cannon, residing near Fith- 
ian ; Lura J., the widow of James H. West, 
and a resident of Kansas ; and Owen, who 
married Sarah Brown and is a farmer of 
-Vrkansas. Seven children were born unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Rice, but only three are now 
living. Bruce L. died January 5, 1902, 
from blood poisoning caused by an injury 
sustained in a runaway. He was then fifty- 
six years of age. Fie servetl in the Civil war 
as a private, entering the army when only 
eighteen years of age for one hundred days' 
ser\-ice. He had seven children : Mary, 
Grant, Minnie, Oscar, Lucy, Elmer and 
Grace. Isaac, who is living in Arkansas, has 
two children. Perry and Jessie. George C. 
was killed at Oakwood while weighing grain 
at the elevator. He fell into the hopper and 
was suffocated August 29, 1902. He had 
been a merchant in Oakwood for about fif- 
teen years and had previously been a mer- 
chant and the postmaster at Charity. He 
was a graduate of the University of Cham- 
paign and was a very prominent and influ- 
tial citizen here. Recognized as one of the 
leaders of the Republican party he served as 
a member of the county central committee. 
He was also a devoted Christian gentleman 
and his death, which occurred when he was 
fifty-two years of age, was very deeply 



368 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



mourned. Emeretta is tlie wife of T. J. 
Harter, of Charity, and they have five chil- 
dren : John, NelHe, LilHe, Roy and George. 
Mr. Harter is now operating the old home 
place and Mr. Rice lives with him and his 
wife in Charity. John D. makes his home in 
Arkansas and has one child, Carl. Mary C. 
became the wife of Solomon Strong and 
died in Chicago, September 29, 1891. Jas- 
per, the youngest of the family, has also 
passed away. All of the children were born 
on the old home place with the exception of 
two. There are also fi\-e great-grandchil- 
dren : Arvin and Leora are the children of 
IMrs. Mary E. Bates, of Des Moines, Iowa ; 
Wesley is the child of Oscar Rice; Beatrice 
Irene is the daughter of Mrs. Nellie Scaff, 
of Charity; Edith May is the daughter of 
Lillie M. Cline, of Charity. Three of the 
children of Mrs. Emeretta Harter are also 
married : John wedded Daisy Eubank and 
lives in Fithian; Nellie is the wife of D. L. 
Scaff. of Charity; and Lillie is the wife of 
Mack T. Cline, of the same place. 

Mr. Rice is now the oldest living settler 
of Pilot township and of the county now liv- 
ing in this township. He entered eighty 
acres of land from the government and after- 
ward purchased forty acres of the school 
land when it was placed upon the market. 
With characteristic energy he began the de- 
velopment of his farm and though he had 
crude farming implements compared to the 
improved machinery at the present day, it 
was not long before his land was placed un- 
der the plow and made to yield good returns 
for his efforts. He always provided com- 
fortably for his family and is to-day the 
owner of valuable interests here. For more 
than sixty years he has been a devoted mem- 
ber of the Church of Christ and through a 
long period has served as one of its elders. 
During the past forty years he has advocated 



Prohibition principles. In his early life his 
political support was given to the Whig par- 
ty and u])on its dissolution he joined the 
ranks of the new Republican party. For the 
past twenty years Mr. Rice has voted the 
Prohibition ticket. For many years he filled 
the office of school director and has served 
on county and state juries, in matters of 
citizenship he has ever been public spirited 
and ])rogTessive, taking an active interest in 
whatever has tended to promote the general 
progress. He has ever been honorable and 
straightforward in all his dealings and rela- 
tions with his fellow men and now in the 
evening of life he can look back over the past 
without regret and forward to the future 
without fear. His name comm.ands respect 
l)ecause he has ever been true to upright 
principles. Certainly he deserves honorable 
mention in the history of Vermilion county 
and, indeed, the record of this portion of the 
state woulfl be incomplete without an ac- 
count of his life. 



SETH FAIRCHILD. 

Among the brave men who devoted the 
opening years of their manhood to the de- 
fense of our country during the dark days 
of the Civil war was Seth Fairchilil, who 
throughout his active business life was iden- 
tified with the interests of Vermilion coun- 
ty. He was a native of this county, born 
near Danville, Illinois, October 14, 1836, 
and was a son of Orman and Hannah 
(Wagnon) Fairchild. His father died here, 
and after his death his widow, who was a 
native of Kentucky, resided in Vermilion 
county. 

It was in 1872 that Seth Fairchild took 
up his abode in Danville rod for two years 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



369 



carried the mail between this place and East 
Lynn. Later he made his home in Potomac, 
this county, for six years, and while resid- 
ing there was employed to carry the mail be- 
tween there and Danville. At the end of that 
period he removed to a farm in Blount town- 
ship and throughout the remainder of his 
life was successfully engaged in farming", be- 
ing a practical agriculturist and a man of 
good business ability. 

When the south attempted to secede Mr. 
Fairchild resolved to join the boys in blue 
and it was not long after hostilities began 
that he enlisted on the ist of June, 1861, in 
Company B, Twenty-fifth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry. With his company he participated 
in many important battles and skirmishes 
and during the engagement at Chattanooga 
was wounded in the foot, being confined in 
the hospital there nine days. When his term 
of enlistment expired he was honorably dis- 
charged at Springfield, Illinois, September 
5, 1864, and returned to his home in this 
county. 

In 1865 Mr. Fairchild married Miss 
Pleuma H. Lyon, who was born in Ohio 
Junction, July 26, 1846. Pier parents, Fred- 
erick and Bolivia (McCleary) Lyon, were 
also natives of the Buckeye state, where in 
early life the father followed the carpenter's 
trade and later was captain on a canal boat, 
his home being at Ohio Junction, where he 
died when Mrs. Fairchild was young. Her 
mother married again. 

Seven children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Fairchild but only three are now living. 
Laura B. is the wife of William Crawford, a 
contractor of Danville. John, also a con- 
tractor, who lives with his mother, married 
Katie Trout and has three thildren, Lowell 
O., Edith L. and John Leo. Stella is now 
clerking in the Danville Department store in 
Danville. Those of the family now deceased 



are Freddie, May, Luther and a daughter 
who died in infancy unnamed. 

Mr. Fairchild continued to make his 
home upon his farm in Blount township un- 
til his death, which occurred on the 13th of 
March, 1886. By his ballot he always sup- 
ported men and measures of the Republican 
party and took considerable interest in pub- 
lic affairs, aiding in promoting all enter- 
prises wdiich he belie\-ed would advance the 
moral, social or material welfare of the com- 
munity in which he lived. He was a con- 
sistent member of the Kimber Methodist 
Episcopal church of Danville, to which his 
wife and children also belong. For two 
years and a half after his death Mrs. Fair- 
child continued to reside on the farm and 
then removed to Danville, erecting there her 
present comfortable residence at No. 11 24 
Gilbert street. Her son owns other Danville 
property, including a place on the corner of 
Madison and Chandler streets and in Ver- 
milion Fleights. 



JOHN G. SHEA. 

Prominent among the energ^etic, far-see- 
ing and successful business men of Danville 
is John G. Shea, president of the Danville 
Brick and Tile Company, incorporated. His 
life history most happily illustrates what 
may be attained by faithful and continued 
effort in carrying out an honest purpose. In- 
tegrity, activity and energy have been the 
crowning points in his success and his con- 
nection with various business enterprises and 
industries have been of decided advantage 
to different sections of Illinois, promoting 
their material welfare in no uncertain man- 
ner. 

Mr. Shea was born in Ireland, July i, 
1842, a son of Dennis and Honora (Sulli- 



370 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



van) Sliea. who were also natives of the 
Emerald isle. In 1850 the father brought 
his family to the new world and took up his 
residence in Cobiirg, Canada, where he en- 
gaged in farming f(jr several years. He then 
came to Illinois, where he followed the same 
pursuit up to the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1887. His wife passed away in 
1889. 

louring his boyhood and youth John G. 
Shea attended the common schools of Can- 
ada and after com])leting his education went 
to Auburn, Xew "^'ork, where he was lo- 
cated when the country became involved in 
civil war. Feeling that his adopted country 
needed his services, he enlisted in 1861, in 
Coni])any !>, Xinetecntli Xew ^'ork Infantry, 
which afterward became Battery E, Third 
Xew York Artillery, and served as an (j\er- 
seer on the engineer corps. He partici])ated 
in a number of skirmishes but was ne\-er in- 
jured in any way and was finally discharged 
at .\uburn, Xew York, in June, 1863. 

Mr. Shea then came to Illinois and set- 
tled in Cumberland county, where he was en- 
gaged in farming for a year, and at the end 
of that time crossed the plains to the Pacitk 
coast, the following four years being de\-oted 
to mining in California and .\rizona. On 
the expiration of that term lie returned east 
and located in Decatur, where he was en- 
gaged in the grocery business until 1888. 
He lirst embarked in the manufacture of 
jjrick and tile, becoming manager of the De- 
catur Tile Company. He also liad charge 
of the erection of their plant, and he remod- 
eled and became interested in two plants at 
Ouincy, Illinois, manufacturing pa\ing lirick 
and dry pressed brick. In 1896 he sold his 
interest in tiie I3ecatur works, but is still 
connected with those at Quincy, liis son be- 
ing the present sui)erintendent, secretary and 
treasurer of the same. Mr. Shea removed 



tt) Danxille in 1892 and settled at X'ermiiion 
Heigiits. where he bought his present plant 
and has since carried on business here. The 
business was incor])t)rated in 1892 under tlie 
name of the Danville Brick and Tile Com- 
jianw with our subject as jjresident and 
treasurer: his son John C, vice president 
and his wife, secretary. They manufacture 
all kinds of paving brick, selling largely to 
the local trade, and have supplied a portion 
of the brick for the streets of Danville. l)ut 
they have also shipped brick to Chicago antl 
Mattoon, Illinois, and to South Bend, Indi- 
ana, having built up a large trade in these 
and other cities. The companv has a \'ery 
extensive plant and regularly emi)lovs c)ver 
forty hands. Mr. Shea also owns a coal 
mine near his works, from which he gets his 
supply of coal to carry on the business. His 
office is at his residence at Xo. 100 Warring- 
Ion ayenue, \'ermilion Heights, in the same 
locality. Besides his valuable property in 
this state he also owns a nice ranch in south- 
ern California. 

On April 17, 187J, Mr. Shea mar- 
ried Miss Lusannah Clark, who was born in 
West \'irginia, on the 17th of July, 1845. 
Her parents, Cornelius and .\bigail 
( Wright ) Clark, were both natives of Mas- 
sachusetts and she is able to trace her an- 
cestry back to the Clarks that came to this 
countrv in the Mavllowcr. Her father was 
interested in a number of difYerent enter- 
prises. I le not only followed farming but 
he owned and operated salt works in West 
\'irginia and also run a grist and saw mill 
there. I.;itcr he came west and died in Coles 
county. Illinois, while the death of his wife 
occtn-red in Decatur, this state, at the age of 
eighty years. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Shea have two children, 
John C. the older, was born August 26, 
1873. and was graduated at the uni\ersity at 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



371 



Urbana, Illinois, as an electrical engineer. 
He married I'Vances Meyers and is now liv- 
ing in Ouincy. where he is superintedent of 
his father's tile works but expects soon to 
remove to Danville and assist in the works 
here. Willard \V., born December 17, 1880, 
receixed a college education and was a sol- 
dier in the Cuban war, belonging to the bat- 
tery from Danville. He married Elizabeth 
Dinwiddle and lives on one of his father's 
ranches in southern California. 

In politics Mr. Shea is a Republican but 
is an advocate of the free coinage of silver. 
While a resident of Decatur he took quite an 
acti\e and prominent part in local politics 
and served as alderman of the city for two 
years. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Masonic order, the Crand Army of the Re- 
public and the Royal Templars, all of Dan- 
ville, and his wife is a member of the Uni- 
tarian church and was president of the Wo- 
man's Christian Temjjerance Union of De- 
catur. Druing the ten years he has been a 
resident of this city he has become one of its 
leading and influential business men. Thor- 
oughness and persistency have characterized 
his entire business career and have been sup- 
plen^.ented by careful attention to details and 
by honorable straightforward effort that has 
gained him a most excellent and enviable 
reputation. 



\^■fLLIAM H. YORK. 

William H. \'ork, who for many years 
has been a well known liveryman at Ridge- 
farm, was born in Phelps county, Missouri, 
November 24, 1854, and is a son of William 
and Mary ( Dodd ) York. The father went 
to Missouri from eastern Tennessee about 
1833. being at that time nineteen years of 
age. He was reared as a farmer lad and on 

16 



attaining his majority he wedded Mary 
Dodd, and they became the parents of three 
daughters and two sons. The mother died 
near Rolla. Missouri, in i86_'. The father 
remained in that state until 1867 when with 
his family he went to Edmonson, Kentucky, 
and in 1877 with his children he removed to 
Texas, where he is still living. Two sisters 
of our subject reside in the Lone Star state 
and one sister is now a resident of Sumner 
county, Kansas. 

William H. York of this review pur- 
sued a common-school education and at the 
age of sixteen left his Kentucky home to 
make his own way in the world. He came 
direct to Ridgefarm where he has lived con- 
tinuously since the year 1871. For some 
nineteen years he was engaged in rail- 
roading on various railroads, as station 
agent and ojjcrator. In 1898 he became 
connected with the lixer)- business and 
has since owned and conducted a barn 
in which he has a number of good horses 
and fine vehicles. His earnest desire to 
please his patrons, combinerl with an oblig- 
ing manner and honorable dealings has been 
the means of bringing to him a [jrofitalile 
trade. 

On the 7th of March, 1877, Mr. York 
was united in marriage to Miss Alice Lewis, 
a daughter of Caleb and Esther Lewis, of 
Ridgefarm. Her parents were natives of 
Indiana and Mrs. York had three sisters, of 
whom two are still living. Our subject and 
his wife have resided continuously in Ridge- 
farm from the time of their marriage with 
the exception of a brief period of three 
years, when they were living in Vermilion 
county, Indiana, and one year in Texas. 
They have four children : Roy. who is now 
twenty-two years of age, is married and lives 
in Dallas, Texas, with his wife and one 
child ; Glenna, eighteen years of age, Katie. 



372 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



thirteen years of age. and Lewis, who is a 
Httle lad of seven summers, arc at home with 
their parents. 

Mr. York is independent in his pohtical 
views and afliliations. He belongs to the 
Masonic fraternity, the Odd Fellows So- 
ciety and the Knights of Pythias, and is a 
good citizen, acti\e in support of measures 
for the general welfare and is popular with 
his many friends and neighbors. From an 
early age he has been dependent upon his 
own resources and as the architect of his o\\ n 
fortunes he has budded wisely and well. 



GEORGE DILLOX. 

[n public oliice George Dillon won for 
himself a reputation for loyalty and tidehty 
and in pri\ate life he gained the highest re- 
gard of his fellow luen liy reason of his pos- 
session of many excellent traits of character. 
He was for many years a leading and influ- 
ential citizen of Danville and he left the im- 
press of his individuality upon the devel- 
opment of the city and upon its policy in 
public office. He represented one of the old 
Ouaker families of the county and was born 
near Georgetown on the i6th of January, 
iSv". his parents being Luke and Charity 
(Wrio-bt) Dillon. His father removed 
from North Carolina to Ohio at a very early 
day and was a resident of that state until 
1830. when he came to the west, settling in 
\'ermilion county. He took up his abode 
on a farm near Georgetown and there de- 
voted his attention to agricultural pursuits 
throughout his remaining days, passing 
away in 1852. His wife also <lied on the 
old home place there and after her denuse 
T\[r. Dillon was again married, his second 
union being with Miss Sarah Haywortb, 



who is also now deceased. There were ten 
children born of the first union but none 
s\u'vive. 

George DilKju pursued his education in 
tb.e country schools of Georgetown town- 
ship and after putting aside his text l»oks 
he engaged in farming there, carrying on 
the work of tilling the soil and culti.-ating 
his crops until the country became involved 
iu civil war. When it was seen that the re- 
bellion in the south would not be easily 
crushed out and that more troops were 
needed Mr. Dillon enlisted in Company D, 
nne Hundred and Twenty-fifth Illinois In- 
fantrv for three years. With his command 
he participated in many battles of import- 
ance and in the engagement at Dallas, 
Georgia, he was wounded in the right arm. 
He was then taken to the h(jspital at Chat- 
tanooga, Tennessee, and later was trans- 
ferred to the hospital at Nashville, where 
his arm was amputated. Thus he made a 
great sacrifice for his country and he cer- 
tainly deserves the gratitude of the nation 
because of the assistance which he rendered 
in preserving the Union. From Xashvdle 
he was transferred to the hospital in Mound 
City. Illinois, where, in 1865, he received an 
honorable discharge. Immediately there- 
after he returned to his farm in Georgetown 
township. Vermilion county, and for a long 
period devoted his energies to agricultural 
pursuits. 

Prior to entering the army Mr. Ddlon 
had married on the 7th of :\Iarch, 1861, 
Miss Desdemona F. IMartin, a daughter of 
Henry and Mary (ISIorgan) Martin. Her 
father was a native of Virginia and also 
liecame an early settler of Vermilion county, 
having taken up his abode in Georgetown 
township in 1820. There he devoted his at- 
tention, to farm work throughout the re- 
mainder of his life. He was also justice of 




GEORGE DILLON. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



375 



the peace there for several yeai's. Fi\'e chil- 
dren of his family are yet living, namely : 
Presley, a farmer of Blount township ; Eli- 
za, the wife of A. Spicer, a resident farmer 
of Georgetown township: Martha, the wife 
of Jesse Ragel, of Georgetown; Achilles, 
who is secretary of the water company of 
Riverside, California: and Mrs. Dillon. 
L'^nto our sul)ject and his wife have heen 
born eight children, but two of the number 
died in infancy. The others are: Lucre- 
tia Alma, the wife of C. S. Johnson, a prin- 
ter of Danville; William S., a bookkeeper 
of the city; ilannah, the wife of Harvey 
Johnson, a traveling salesman of Danville ; 
Grace, the wife of Phillip Yeager, a con- 
tractor of Danville; Joseph G., a bookkeeper 
of this city; and Robert M., at home. 

^Vhile living on his farm Mr. Dillon held 
many township ofiices, proving a most cap- 
able and trustworthy official. In October, 
1868, he removed to Danville and was 
elected circuit clerk of Vermilion county, 
which offi.ce he continued to fill for twelve 
years. No higher testimonial of his fidelity 
and promptness could be given than the fact 
that he was chosen by popular suffrage to 
the office so many terms. He was after- 
ward a member of the board of supervisors 
of the county and has held other official po- 
sitions. On his retirement from the office 
of circuit clerk he was elected justice of the 
peace and filled that office with credit to 
himself and satisfaction to his constituents 
until his death, which occurred on the 26th 
of September, 1891. To some extent he 
also dealt in real estate here and built a nice 
residence at No. 214 Robinson street, which 
is yet occupied by his widow. 

In his politics he was a very earnest and 
pronounced Republican and took an active 
interest in the success of his party. He be- 
longed to Kenesaw Post, No. y-], G. A. R., 



of Dan\-ille, and was its honored commander 
at the time of his demise. He was also a 
mendjer of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, of this city, and both he and his 
wife held membership in the Church of 
Christ, of Danville. Pie took a very deep 
and helpful interest in the church work, 
scr\-ed as elder for many years and at the 
time of his death was a member of the board 
of deacons. I'rom the time the church was 
Ijuilt in Danville he continuously served in 
one offi.ce or another and his labors in its 
behalf were effecti\e and far reaching. 
0\-er the record of his public career and his 
private life there falls no shadow of wrong 
or suspicion of evil. He left his wife in 
\-ery comfortably circumstances and in ad- 
dition to the property on Robinson street 
she is also the owner of several other dwell- 
ings in Daiiville and of a store building 
here. This property was acquired by Mr. 
Dillon tlirough his marked energy, enter- 
prise and careful management. His life 
was exemplary in many respects and he had 
the esteem of his friends and the confidence 
of those with whom he had business rela- 
tions. 

♦ « » 

W. I. BAIRD. 

W. I. Baird is well known in Jamaica, 
having gained a favorable place in public re- 
gard while acting as telegraph operator and 
station agent here. At the present time he is 
engaged in the grain trade, owning an ele- 
vator. Mr. Baird is a native of Champaign 
county, Illinois, born January 28, 1870, his 
parents being J. C. and Eliza (Jones) Baird, 
the former a native of Brown county, Ohio, 
and the latter of Clermont county. Ohio. 
They were married in Clermont county, lo- 
cating upon a farm there and in 1869 they 



3/6 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



sought a lionie in liliiuns, making their way 
westward to Champaign county, where the 
fatlier again carried on agricultural pursuits. 
In \Sq2 he removed to Shelby county. Illi- 
nois, where both he and his wife arc still Ii\ - 
ing. In his jjolitical views he is a Repub- 
lican and. at the time of the Civil war he 
manifested his loyalty to tlie Union cause by 
enlisting as a member of Company B, Fifty- 
ninth Ohio Volunteer Infantry in July, 1861. 
With the boys in blue of his command he 
went to the front and served faithfully until 
September, i8('-j, when his term of service 
having expired he was honorably dis- 
charged, lie had i)articipaled in the battles 
of Shiloh, Missionary Ridge, Chickamauga. 
Kenesaw Mountain, Pittsburg Landing and 
in all (if the engagements of the Atlanta cam- 
paign, preceding Sherman's celebrated 
march to the sea. .\t the l^attle of Shiloh 
he was wounded in the abdomen. He now 
belongs to the Grand .\rmy of the Rei)ublic, 
thus maintaining pleasant relations with his 
comrades of the blue. He has held a great 
many township oflices, proving capable and 
efficient in public ser\ice and he is a member 
of the Christian church. In his family were 
ten childern ; Charles, who died at the age 
of twenty years ; Dora, who died at the age 
of twenty-five years; W. I., who is the oldest 
living .son: Martha, who died in infancy; 
Howard, who is married and resides in Ni- 
antic, Illinois; IScrtha. who is engaged in 
teaching in the public schools and makes her 
home with her ])arcnts; .\rthur, John. Ethel 
and ]\lyrlk-, all of whcim are still under the 
parental roof. 

W. T. Baird pursued his early education 
in the Xorth Raymond school near Sidney, 
Illinois, and afterward attended in the 
Whitehall district near Broadland, lllinnis. 
He subsequently was a student in the Nor- 
mal school at \"alparaiso, Indiana, after 



which iie returned to Champaign county. 
There he engaged in teacliing for two years, 
after which he attended a school in Janes- 
ville. Wisconsin, taking uji the study of te- 
legraphy, in which course he was graduated 
in i?92. He next entered the services of the 
Chicago ;"<: Eastern Illinois Railroad Com- 
])any, serving as relief agent for that road 
for si.x months on the Chicago division. On 
the 2(\ of January, 1894, he came to Jamaica 
as station agent and telegraj)h operator, con- 
tinuously filling the position with marked 
capability until February, 1901, when he re- 
signed and pmxhased the grain elevator 
wliich he now owns. Already he has be- 
come established in a good trade, which is 
returning to him a profitable income. 

On Christmas day of 1894. at (ioldheld, 
Iowa, was celebrated the marriage of W. 1. 
Baird and Miss Ethel Jones, who was born 
in Moultrie county, Illinois, on the 13th of 
December. 1S73, her jjarents being J. R. and 
Rebecca (Wilson) Jones, the former a na- 
tive of Indiana, while the latter was born in 
Moultrie county, Illinois, where their mar- 
riage was celebrated. There they located 
and Mr. Jones engaged in farming until 
1894, when with his wife he removed to 
Iowa, where tlie\- are now li\ing. He is a 
Repuljlic.in in his political adherence and js 
at present serving as notary public and justice 
of the peace. In his religious faith he and 
his wife are both members of the ?^Iethodist 
F,pisco])al church of Jamaica, and he is now 
superintendent of the Sunday-school and 
president of the Epworth League. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with Longview 
Lodge Xo. 254, 1. O. O. F., and Jamaica 
Cani]i. Xo. 9222, M. W. A., in which he is 
ser\ing as clerk. 

.Mr. and Mrs. Bairtl have a pleasant resi- 
dence in Jamaica and the hospitality of the 
best homes is extended to them. His courte- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



ous obliging manner and helpful disposition 
made Mr. Baird a popular station agent and 
he is equally well and favorably known as a 
grain merchant. 



TAMES O'NEAL. 



James O'Neal has the distinction and 
honor of being the first white child horn in 
\'ermilion county. Here he has resided for 
more than eighty years, his birth having oc- 
curred in Georgetown township, on the 20th 
of April, 1822. People of the twentieth cen- 
tury can scarcely realize the struggles and 
danger which attended the early settlers, the 
heroism and self-sacrifice of lives passed upon 
'the borders of civilization, the hardships en- 
dured, the difficulties overcome, — these tales 
of the early days read almost like a romance 
to those who have known only modern pros- 
perity and con\'eniences. To the pioneer of 
the early day, far removed from the pri\-i- 
leges and conveniences of city or town, the 
struggle for existence was a stern and hard 
one and these men and women must have 
possessed indomitable energy and sterling- 
worth of character, as well as marked 
physical courage when they v.illingly 
selected such a life and successfully fought 
its battles under such circumstances as 
prevailed in the west. The parents of our 
subject were Thomas and Sarah (Howard) 
O'Neal, the former a native of Nelson coun- 
ty, Kentucky, and the latter of Indiana. It 
was in the year 1821 that the father came 
to this county, settling near Brooks Point, 
where he took up a claim that embraces what 
is now the Caraway farm. There he resided 
for three years and then entered eighty acres 
of land near the Big Vermilion creek. After 



moving (;n the Vermilion ri\-er he estab- 
lished a tannery, made and dressed his own 
leather, and made shoes for his family. He 
made Indian moccasins for the use of him- 
self and family and to sell to the Indians. 
These Indians were principally of the Potta- 
v,-attamie and Kickapoo tribes. Most oi the 
winter was spent in making rails and clear- 
ing up ground, thus adding about ten acres 
every season to the tillable land. After the 
Black Hawk war broke out he saddled his 
horse and with his gun on liis shoulder went 
into the service, taking the place of his oldest 
son who had gone se\-eral months before." 
and there remained until the close of the 
war. 'He developed a good farm there and 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits 
throughout the remainder of his days, his 
death occurring in September, 1861. His 
wife died two years later and their family 
consisted of nine children: Samuel, John, 
Isaac and Cynthia Ann, all deceased; James; 
Perry, who has also passed away : Nancy, 
the wife of Lewis Balla, residing on the old 
family homesteail on Big Vermilion ; 
Thomas ; and Sarah. 

James O'Neal was reared amid the wild 
scenes of frontier life and shared with the 
family in the hardships and trials incident 
to pioneer settlement. He assistetl in the 
work of the home farm until twenty-two 
years of age and during that period acquired 
his education in the subscription or common 
schools. He then began work in the old 
^Morgan and Sheets grist mill in Danville 
township on the Big Vermilion, now known 
as the Kyger mill, being there employed for 
six years. 

During that time Mr. O'Neal was mar- 
ried to Vesta Pratt, also a native of this 
county, born October 2, 1829, and died on 
the loth of November, 1902. Her parents 



378 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



were Jonathan antl Xancy (^ Stevens j Pratt, 
the former a native of Canada and the latter 
of Kentncky. In a very early day her father 
removed to tliis cotmty. Soon afterward he 
entered the mihtary ser\ice in tlie Bhick 
Hawk war and died of oliolera while thus 
engaged. His wife passed away in this 
county. They resided upon a farm which is 
known as the old Cole farm in Danville 
township. The home of Mr. and Mrs. O'Xeal 
was hlessed with ten children. Cynthia Am 
is the wife of Simon W. Doop, a butcher of 
Casey, Iowa; Nancy J. is the deceased wife 
of A. J. Scott. Oliver Perry, born October 
16. 1853, engaged in teaching school in \'er- 
niilion and Edgar counties for ten years and 
since that time has devoted his attention to 
farming, making his home with his father. 
Jonathan T. wediled Mary F. Smith and is 
a contractor of ^Vestville. Sarah Hannali 
died in infancy. Mary L. is the wife of H. 
J. Kirby, of Danville. Sylvia A. is the 
widow of Thomas Sandusky and lives with 
her father. Clarissa E. also resides with her 
father. Efifie L. is the wife of Alva Carri- 
gan. who is employed in the railroad shops 
of Danville. James H. is a carpenter 1)y 
trade working with his brother. 

After his marriage Mr. O'Neal resided 
upon the old homestead farm for four years 
and then removed to his present farm. He 
purchased forty acres of land, made excel- 
lent im])rovements thereon and continued the 
work of cultivation for a number of years. 
l)ut is now living retired and his sons manage 
the ])roi)erty. When the family first came 
to Vermilion county Moses Scott owned all 
of the land where the town of Westville now 
stands and a plum orchard occu])ied the 
site of the homes and business houses which 
now adorn that locality. Mr. O'Neal built 
his home before that town of Westville was 



laid out. He has ne\er held any political 
offices, save some minor ones, as he has al- 
ways preferred to gi\e his time and atten- 
tion to his business affairs. His first presi- 
dential vote was cast for Henry Clay and 
upon the organization of the Republican 
[jarty he joined its ranks and has since con- 
tinued to follow its lianners. Mr. O'Neal is 
identified through membership relations with 
the Christian Church, as was also his wife, 
and for some time he served as one of its el- 
ders. Plis life has been one of untiring indus- 
try crowned with success and there are few 
men Ijetter known in this county and none 
more deserve the confidence and good will of 
those with whom they have come in contact 
than does James O'Neal. He has now passed 
the eightieth milestone on life's journey, but 
he still manifests a deep interest in his na- 
tive county and its welfare and throughout 
his career he has ever taken an acti\e part 
in everything pertaining to the general good. 
No history of the county would be complete 
without mention of his life for his residence 
here anti-dates that of any other nati\e son 
and he is one of the revered patriarchs of the 

community. 

♦-•-• 

CHARLES E. CHESLEY. 

Charles E. Chesley was born in Dan- 
\ille April 16, 1854, and is a son of Roliert 
\'. Cheslev who is represented elsewhere in 
this volume. The son attended the public 
schools of his native city and continued his 
studies in the high school until he reached 
the age of seventeen years, when his father 
flied and he put aside his text-books in order 
to provide for his own support. He secured 
employment in the carriage factory owned 
by Daniel Eorce. working as a painter there 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



379 



for two years. He then entered the service 
of the Wabash Railroad Company as call 
.boy and after a time was promoted to fire- 
man. His fidelity to duty and his efficiency 
later won him promotion to engineer and 
subsequently he became roundhouse foreman 
at Tilton, where he remained for two years. 
He then again went upon the road but after 
a year he once more became foreman, acting 
in that capacity for two years. He was 
next assistant to C. F. Lape, general master 
mechanic. Once more he went upon the road 
as an engieer and then after twelve years' 
service with the Wabash Railroad Company 
he resigned his position in 1886 and estab- 
lished his present business, in connection 
with his brother, John L. Chesley. Under the 
business style of Chesley Brothers' Boiler 
Works, they are conducting" a plant in which 
is manufactured tanks, boilers, stacks, and 
other sheet iron products which are shipped 
extensively to all parts of the United States. 
Their business is continually increasing and 
has already reached proportions that make 
it a leading industrial concern of this city. 
Mr. Chesley likewise owns real estate in addi- 
tion to the plant and buildings of the firm. 
In May, 1878, was celebrated the mar- 
riage of Charles E. Chesley and Miss Ida 
M. Dicken. They are the parents of five 
children, namely: Beulah V., Edna M., An- 
nie, Alice and Robert E. Chesley. Mr. and 
Mrs. Chesley hold membership in the Epis- 
copal church and fraternally he is connected 
with the Knights of Pythias, the Modern 
Woodmen of America, the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and the Court of 
Honor. In his political views he is an ear- 
nest and stalwart Republican, and for one 
term he served as a member of the city coun- 
cil, during which time he was chairman of 
the sewerage committee, and under his di- 



rection the large Jarets branch sewer was 
built. This is one of the best improvements 
the city has ever had. In matters of public 
concern Mr. Chesley has ever been found 
progressive and helpful, giving his co-opera- 
tion to many mo\'ements for the general 
good. As a business man he is known for 
his enterprise, industry, and perseverance — 
Cjualities which form important elcmen s in 
a successful career. 



EARL MILLER, ]\I. D. 

Dr. Earl ^liller, who is practicing in In- 
dianola, was born in ?iIarion county. Indi- 
ana, September 18, 1872. His father, Asher 
N. Miller, also a native of Marion county, 
was a son of Vincent M. and Elizabeth 
(Kise) Miller. After arriving at years of 
maturity Asher N. Miller carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits and stock-raising in the 
county of his nativity and became well-to- 
do because of his business ability and close 
application to his chosen work. He still 
resides upon his farm near Clermont, In- 
diana, at the age of fifty-eight years, and is 
regarded as one of the influential and prom- 
inent residents of his community. He is 
a man of strong character, who has lived 
a temperate, moral life, and his genuine 
worth has gained for him the warm regard 
of all with whom he has been brought in 
contact. He married Ettic L. Hornaday, 
also a native of Marion county, Indiana, 
and a daughter of Isaiah and Elizabeth 
(Wiley) Hornaday, who were natives of 
Rush county, that state. Their children 
were Harvey Hornaday, a journalist resid- 
ing in Oklahoma ; Henderson, who is a 
practicing physician of Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana ; Santford, a resident of Indianapolis, 



^8o 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Indiana, a contractor of public works; Lil- 
lie, wife of .\braham Pollard, of Indianapo- 
lis; Miles G., of Indianapolis, an expert ac- 
countant ; and Ettie L., the wife of Air. Mil- 
ler. By the marriage of Mr. and Airs. Alil- 
ler seven children were born, of whom the 
Doctor is the eldest. The others are ; Hat- 
tic, who died in childhood; Chester C, a 
dentist of Indianapolis; \'erlinda. a teacher 
of Clermont. Indiana; Harry G., a student 
in the Central College of Dentistry at In- 
dianapolis; Carl R.. who is following farm- 
ing near Clermont ; and Janette. who is a 
student of the schools of Clermont. 

Dr. Miller pursued his early education 
in the common schools and subseciuently 
became a student in Butler University, 
where he' remained for two years. \\'hen 
his literary course was completed he de- 
cided to enter upon th6 study of medicine, 
wishing to make its practice his life work, 
and on the completion of the i)rescrihcd 
course he was graduated in the Central Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons at Indian- 
apolis. Indiana, with the class of 1897. Lo- 
cating in Indianola. Illinois, he has since 
l)ce;i in active practice here and although 
the period of his residence in \^ermilion 
county covers only five years, he has gained 
a reputation which many an older physician 
might well en\\'. 

The Doctor was married on the 14th of 
June. 1897, to Miss Margaret D. Varner, 
who was born in Edgar county, Illinois, 
on the 17th of June. 1877. Airs. Aliller is 
the third child of .Mian and Jemima (Dick- 
son) \'arner. .Mian \"avuer was born A]")ril 
18, 1829, and his wife, who was the young- 
-est daughter of David and Alargaret Dick- 
son, early pioneers of Vermilion county, 
was born January jo. 1844. Unto Allan 
Varner and his wife, who are now residing 



in Chrisman. Illinois, were born six chil- 
dren; J. D., born January 13. 1869, a 
business man of Indianapolis; Mary, born • 
January 4, 1874, wife of T. W. Clayton, 
of Chicago; Alargaret. born June 17. 1877, 
wife of the Doctor; Robert, born April 10, 
1879, who graduated from the Indiana 
Aledical College in 1903; William, born 
Alarch 15, 1881. a resident of Chrisman, 
Illinois; and David, of Chrisman, born July 
14, 1883. To the Doctor and his wife one 
child has been born, Jemima, born June 14, 
1902. The Doctor is a member of the Alasonic 
fraternity and is a Democrat in his political 
affiliations. Temperate in his habits and 
of a refined nature, he also possesses a sym- 
l)athetic disposition which proves an im- 
portant element in his successful ])rofes- 
sional career. He has the strictest regard 
for the ethics of his profession, an exalted 
\iew of his life work and while engaged in 
the alleviation of human suffering, he also 
commands the highest respect of those with 
whom he is associated. 



ADAAI II. .M0ZI1:R. 

Adani H. Alozier, who is now extensive- 
ly engaged in the dealing of hogs and was 
formerly known as a cattle dealer as well 
as general farmer, makes his home in Pilot 
township near Collison. He was born in 
Greene county. Ohio, in 1834. a son of Sol- 
omon and Christina (Cox) Alozier, both of 
whom ilied in Pilot townshi]) u])on the farm 
wiiere they settled on coming to \'ermilion 
county, "riie father passed away in 1871 
and the mother survived until 1887. when 
she. too, was called to her final rest, leaving 
fix'e children, all of whom \el survi\'e. 




A. H. MOZIER. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



3«5 



Adam H. and Jolm are twins and the latter 
is now a resident of Jefferson county, Illi- 
nois. ^^'ilIianl makes his home in Mont- 
gomery county, Kansas. Le\'i is engaged 
in the coal business in Danville. Harriet is 
the v,-ife of D. C. Deamude, who is one of 
tlie commissioners of the National Park, 
li^•ing near Chattanooga, Tennessee. 

Adam PI. Mozier was but two years of 
age when his parents removed to Warren 
count}-, Indiana, there remaining from 1836 
until 184Q, when they came to Vermilion 
county, our subject being then in his fif- 
teenth ^■ear. He ac(|uired hi education in 
the public schools and in Dan\ille Seminary, 
which he attended through two terms. .Aft- 
er his father's fleath he remained upon the 
home farm with his mother and cared for 
the property. After his mother's death in 
1887, he wedded Miss Martha Cooper, of 
Miami county, Indiana, their parents hav- 
ing been neighbors in the Hoosier state. 
The Cooper family was established in Ver- 
milion count}^, Illinois, in 1865. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Cooper are now deceased and the 
fap.iily is quite widely scattered. Six of the 
children still survive: Mrs. Eliza Juvinall, 
of Oregon ; Mrs. Millie Clarkson, of Kan- 
sas ; Mary, who is living in Pilot township ; 
Henry, in Muncie, Indiana; John D., who 
resides near Hig'ginsville, Illinois: and 
Amos. 

Throughout his entire life Mr. Mozier 
has carried on agricultural pursuits and he 
now owns two hundred and seventy acres 
of land, most of which is cultivable. 
Through a long period he planted his fields 
to the crops best adapted to the soil and 
climate but during the past ten years he has 
rented his farm land, retaining only his pas- 
ture lands for his stock. He feeds from six- 
ty to seventy head of hogs annually and 
formerly was extensively engaged in feed- 



ing cattle, in which branch of his business 
he has made most of his money. He raises 
his stock and sells to buyers, seldom mak- 
ing shipments himself to the city markets. 
In his political views Mr. Mozier is a 
stalwart Republican and cast his first presi- 
dential vote for John C. Fremont. For two 
years he served as ta.\ collector and has 
been school trustee for thirty years. In 
1873 he was elected to that position and has 
been chosen at each consecutive ■election 
since. For several terms he was road super- 
visor and has ever been a faithful officer, 
discharging his duties with dilig-ence and 
promptness. In 1884 he erected his pres- 
ent home on section 12, Pilot township, and 
in 1895 built his fine liarn there. For more 
than half a century he has been a resident 
of the count}', carrying on farming and 
stock-raising, and is widely known as a 
straightforward business man, whose word 
is as good as his bond. 



LUTHER A. CLINGAN. 

Luther A. Clingan belongs to that class 
of representati\'e American citizens, who 
while promoting their individual success also 
?.dvance the general prosperity. He is to-day 
numbered among the leading, influential and 
prosperous residents of Georgetown town- 
ship. His business interests have been ex- 
tensive and of important character, and he is 
now identified with agricultural and financial 
interests. He has also been called upon to 
ser\-e in positions of public trust and at the 
present writing, in 1902, is filling the position 
of county commissioner of highways. 

]\Ir. Clingan is a native son of this coun- 
ty, his birth having occurred in Danville 
township. Flis parents were James S. and El- 



38b 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



vira (Olealiy) Clingan. tlie fnrnier a native 
of Oliio and tiic latter of X'ermilion county. 
Illinois. William Clingan, the paternal 
grandfather of our subject, removed from the 
Buckeye state to this county in 1844, becom- 
ing one of the early settlers of Danvilli' 
township, where he carried on agricultural 
pursuits until his death. James Clingan also 
became a farmer of this county and from the 
time of the removal of his parents to the 
west made his home in Catlin township until 
1867. He then became a resident of West- 
ville, where he lived retired until his death 
in Augii.st, 1899. His widow still survives 
and is yet living in Westville. 

Luther A. Clingan was the youngest of 
their four children. In the district schools 
he pursued his education, mastering the 
branches nf learning taught in such institu- 
tions. Tic assisted in the work of the home 
farm until his marriage, when he began 
fanuing on liis own account. He wedded 
Miss Martha Graves, a daughter of L. H. 
Graves, who was also a pioneer of Vermilior. 
county and becaine one of the first residentr. 
of Georgetown township, where some of his 
family are yet living. Mrs. Clingan was 
called to her final rest January 29, 1897. Of 
the seven children born of that union three 
are yet living: Blanche, Hershal and Roy, 
Those deceased are: Herman, Frankie, 
Fred and Ray. In iHcjo, Mr. Clingan was 
again married, wedding Miss Leeta Graves, 
a sister of his first w-ife. 

In 1886 Air. Clingan settled u])on a small 
farm which was a ])art of the old Graves' 
estate and located near his presnt home. 
Soon afterward, however, he sold most of 
that land to the Westville Coal Company, 
which opened mines u])on that tract. He 
then purchased his present farm on section 
18, Georgetown township, also a part of the 



old (iras'es" estate. Here he m;ide manv e.K- 
cellent improvements in keeping with the 
progressive spirit of the twentieth century. 
His is the finest farm residence in George- 
town and is ])leasantlv located near the state 
road between Westville and Georgetown. 
Mr. Clingan. himself, has done little farming 
as he rents his land. He is speculating to 
a considerable extent in land and his invest- 
ments have been so judiciuosly made that 
they have returned to him splendid c;ipital. 
As coal was found upon his farm he sold 
his land at a good profit and he has also 
made other purchases and sales wherefrnm 
he has realized a good profit. He now owns 
three hundred acres in Edgar county, Illi- 
nfiis, and five hundred and sixtv acres in 
Porter county, Indiana, and three hundred 
acres in Vermilion county. Illinois, all of 
which is rented. ^Ir. Clingan is the founder 
of the town of Unionville, Illinois, and his 
sale of town lots there amounted to more 
than seven thousand dollars. For the past 
three years he has been a director of the 
First National Bank, of Georgetown, and 
throughout this comity he is regarded as 
a wide-awake enterprising business man, be- 
longing to that class of representative citi- 
zens who have been the founders and up- 
builders of Illinois and the great west. He 
is well known in the city of Danville and 
throughout this portion of the state and in 
business circles he sustains an unassail;d)le 
reputation. 

In 1899 Mr. Clingan was elected to the 
office of commissioner of highways in \vhic' 
capacity he is still serving. He has alwayr 
been a stanch Democrat in his political views 
and has taken an active interest in politics, 
keeping well informed on the questions and 
issues of the day, which enables him to sup- 
port his position by intelligent arguiuent. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



3S7 



For three years he served as a school di- 
rector in his district. He is a member of 
the Odd Fellows Lodge at Westville and his 
wife i:)elongs to the Christian church there. 
It is believed by some that fortunate circum- 
stances are an important element in the suc- 
cess of the men who advance beyond the 
common plane of life in the acquirement of 
wealth, but in analyzing the history of a suc- 
cessful man it will always be found that there 
are certain elements in his career, and that 
among these is the ability to recognize and 
improve opportunities, combined with skill- 
fully direct industry, — such is the case in 
the history of Mr. Clingan, who to-day is 
numbered among the most prosperous resi- 
dents of Vermilion county. His success has 
been worthily won through honorable effort, 
keen discernment and enterprise, and the re- 
spect and confidence of his many friends is 
justly merited. 



EDWARD C. KESPLER. 

Edward C. Kespler, now deceased, was 
a well known farmer of Vermilion county 
and became a resident of this portion of the 
state in the year 1851. A native of Ger- 
many, he was born October 8, 1837, and 
his parents, Conrad and Elizabeth Kespler, 
were also born in the same country, there 
remaining until 1 85 1 when they determined 
to seek a home in America and crossed the 
briny deep to the new world reaching the 
eastern shores of this country where they did 
not tarry long, but made their way to Ver- 
milion county, Illinois. The father pur- 
chased a farm near State Line. There he 
carried on agricultural pursuits until his 
death, meeting with signal success in his 
work. 



Edward C. Kespler was about fourteen 
years of age when he left the fatherland 
and came to the new world. He attended 
the common schools near State Line and as- 
sisted his father upon the home farm until 
after the country became involved in Civil 
war over the attempt of the southern states 
to secede. He enlisted on the 16th of No- 
vember, 1864, and was assigned to Com- 
pany C, of the Fourth Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry. This command was in a number 
of engagements of importance, including the 
battle of Franklin, where Mr. Kespler was 
taken prisoner. He was then sent to Ander- 
sonville prisiiju where he underwent all the 
hardships and rigors of southern prison life 
until the close of the war. He then received 
an honorable discharge on the 24th of Jwiie, 

1865. Returning to his father's farm he 
was there employed until his marriage. 

That important event in the life of Mr. 
Kespler occurred on the 23d of December, 

1866, the lady of his choice being Miss Anna 
P. Neigenfind, a native of Prussia, Germany, 
born on the 23d of September, 1847, ^"*i ^ 
daughter of Gotleib Christ and Johanna Eliz- 
abeth Neigenfind. They too were natives of 
Germany and in 1861 the father came to 
America, settling first in Canada where he 
worked as a laborer for a year. He then 
went to Ripon, Wisconsin, where he was 
employed in a brickyard for a year. During 
that time he had saved some money which he 
sent to Germany for his family in order to 
pay their passage to the new world. Here 
he was joined by his wife and children in 
1863. For a year thereafter they lived in 
Ripon and then removed to Vermilion coun- 
ty, Illinois, settling on Main street in Dan- 
ville. In this city the father was employed 
as a laborer and afterward he engaged in 
gardening on his own account until old age 



338 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



forceil liis retirenienl trum Ijusiness life. 
Both he and liis wife now reside with Mrs. 
Kespler and Mr. Xeigenfind is now eig^hty- 
four years of age while liis wife has reached 
tiie advanced age of sevnty -eight years. Tlie 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Kespler was lilessed 
with four ciiiidren : Mary E.. now the wife 
of Louis Steele, a farmer residing in Ogden, 
Illinois: Frank E., who married Lydia M. 
J'ratt. their home Ijcing in Georgetown, Illi- 
nois, where he is engaged in business as the 
leading druggist of that place: Anna Cath- 
erine, the wife of H. L. Smith, a butcher of 
I)an\-illc: and William F.. who married ]\lay 
Wilke and is emi)loycd as a clerk in a cloth- 
ing store in Danville. All of the children 
were provided with good educati(Mial privi- 
leges. 

After his marriage Mr. Kespler resided 
upon a farm near Perrysville for one year 
and llicn returned to State Line where be 
carrictl on farming fur anntber year, lie 
then again took up bis rd^ode at I'errysville, 
])urcbasing a farm which be continued to 
cultivate until his de itb. He made bis place 
\ery ]3roductive because of the care and labor 
which he bestowed upon it. The excelleiT, 
imi)rovements still seen there are the results 
of bis Ir.mdiwork and e\'crylbing about the 
place indicates his careful supervision antl 
progressive spirit. lie was a bard 
working man, industrious and hon- 
est and became well-to-do. He was 
never an office seeker nor did he desire polit- 
ical preferment yet he was known as a sub- 
stantial and indexible adherent of Republi- 
can principles. He passed away November 
27, 1878, and his loss was deeply regretted 
not only by bis immediate family but by 
many friends, for he had gained an en\iable 
place in public regard. 

Since the death of her husband Mrs. Kes- 



pler has removed to Danville and is li\ing 
w itb her father and mother at No. 23 Hays 
street, her parents having there resided sincv 
1865. She still owns thirty-six acres of val- 
uable farming land near Perrysville and has 
some business lots on East Main street in this 
city. At one time she also had other property 
in Danville, but has sold most of this. She 
is a member of the German United Brethren 
Church and is a lady of many estimable 
qualities. 



JOSEl'H FAIRILXLL, M. D. 

Dr. Joseph Fairball. a phvsician and 
surgeon of Danville, was born at Tadwell 
Hall, on the isle of Sheppy, in the county 
of Kent. England, on the Qtb of b'eJjruary, 
185,';, and is descended frum the nld baron- 
ial family of. that name. The ancestry can 
be traced back through many centuries and 
the name of Joseph was l>orne by the eldest 
so!i in each successive generation. From an 
early ])criod in the history of England the 
l'"airhails were connected with progress and 
ad\-ancement in the counties of Sussex and 
Kent. Tradition says that the ancestors of 
the Doctor were paid soldiers of William 
the Conqueror. Josei)h Fairball. the father 
of tb.e Doctor, was also born on tlie isle of 
Sb.ei)py and there wedded Esther Shaw, 
whose birth occurred in the same l<:)cality. 
They located at Tadwell Hall, the father be- 
ing a country gentleman. In 1868 they re- 
mo\ed to Sittingbourne, which was a town 
in that locality, and there his death occurred 
in 1 885. when be was seventy-two years of 
age. The mother sur\-ived until March 15, 
iqcy>. and both were laid to rest in the fam- 
ily \;uilt at Oueensboro. in Kent county. 
England. 

Dr. Fairball acciuired bis earlv cduc:i- 




DR. JOSEPH FAIRHALL. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



391 



tion in what was known as the National 
School of Minster on the isle of Sheppy and 
afterward entered the grammar school at 
Sheerness. Later he became a student in 
the Uni\ersity at London, England, in 
which institution lie was graduated with 
the class of 18S1. He next entereil the 
Charing Cross Medical University in Lon- 
don, where he remained for three years. In 
1877 lie joined the Irish Rifles, in which reg- 
iment he served with credit as a volunteer 
for eight years, being mustered out in 1885. 
He continued to remain in London, how- 
ever, until 1887, and in that year he came to 
.America. Making his way westward, he 
became connected with the South Chicago 
Dock Company and also with the Grape 
Creek Coal Company, iKjlding the ofiice of 
vice president of botli. During the first 
three years after his arrival in America he. 
made his home in Chicago, having become 
interested in the coal company while en- 
route, an.d he acted as its vice president un- 
til the company went into the hands of a re- 
ceiver in !8g2. In 1890 he took up his res- 
idence on the property of the company at 
Grape Creek and was instrumental in in- 
augurating the village. While there he 
studied practical mining engineering and at 
the same time took the active management 
of the company's affairs. Both he and his. 
wife gave their attention to the improve- 
ment of the social condition of the working 
classes in the community by inaugurating 
church and Sunday-school work, concerts 
and other means of entertainment of a ben- 
eficial character, and in 1892 he was the 
means of establishing the Grape Creek 
Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and became its first presiding of- 
ficer. He was always very enthusiastic for 
the welfare of the order and passed through 
its various degrees until he had arisen to 



high office in the Uniformed Rank of Patri- 
archs Militant. In connection with this di- 
vision of the fraternity he founded the de- 
gree of Ladies Militant in 1901. In all of 
this work he was ably assisted by his wife 
who fi:)unded the White Oaks Rebekah de- 
gree lodge at Grape Creek and later was the 
first president of the Ladies Militant. 

In the meantime the coal company be- 
came involved in litigation and after pass- 
ing into the hands of a receiver Mr. Fairhall 
assumed control of the Grape Creek Clay 
Works and by close study of the various 
clays found in the vicinity coi^ipled with his 
knowledge of chemistry, he was enabled to 
master the art of brick manufacture. He 
became a member of the National Brick 
Manufacturers' Association, at whose con- 
ventions he was always present, taking an 
active part in the work of the organization. ' 
Owing to the long litigation in which the 
coal company was involved and which pre- 
cluded him from obtaining a lease of the 
clay works for longer than one year at a 
time, he found at the end of four years that 
he could no longer continue the work with 
profit and conseciuentlt? determined to retire 
from business. 

On th.e 27th of March, 1896, he went 
before the state board of health and ap- 
plierl for a license to practice the profession 
of medicine, and after satisfactorily pass- 
ing the required examination the license was 
granted. In the spring of 1898 he took up 
his residence in the city of Danville, build- 
ing a house and office near the Gilbert street 
bridge, commanding an extensive and pic- 
turesque view of the Vermillion river. In 
the same year — 1898 — he was elected a 
member of the staff of physicians of the 
Vermilion county hospital, and professor of 
anatomy and physiology in the Danville 
training school for nurses. Progressive in 



392 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



his profession, lie keeps abreast with the best 
thinking men who are connected with this 
hne of Inisiness activity through his mem- 
bership in tlie \''ermiHon County Medical 
Association, the Tri-County Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Danville Physicians Protective 
Association and the National ■Medical Asso- 
ciation. 

On the 17th of November, 1877, Dr. 
l'"airiiall was united in marriage to Miss 
Eli.^abeth Sandys, the third daughter of 
William King, Esquire, of Elwick Villa, at 
Ashford, Kent county, England. \\'hen he 
emigrated to .\merica he was accompanied 
by his wife and two eldest sons, arriving in 
this country on the 29th day of March, 
1887. In 1893 '^ third son was born unto 
them while they were living in Chicago and 
in 1894 they became the parents of a daugh- 
ter, Lucy Winnifred, Ijorn at Grape Creek. 
Both the Doctor and his wife have gained a 
large circle of friends in Danville and the 
hospitality of many of the best homes of the 
city is extended to them. Thoroughly 
equipped by his collegiate work for the pro- 
fession which now engages his attention, 
and continually promoting his efficiency by 
reading and study, he is to-day one of the 
best informed members of the medical fra- 
ternity in this city, having gained a high 
standing in a calling where influence and 
wealth availeth little or naught but where 
merit is the foundation of ad\'ancement. 



WILLIAM M. SMITH. 

William M. Smith is now practically liv- 
ing a retired life at his home in Danville 
and well does he deserve rest from labor, 
but to a man of his nature it is almost im- 



possible to utterly put aside business cares. 
Indolence and idleness have ever been ut- 
terly foreign to him and therefore he yet 
gives his supervision to the management of 
his invested interests, and his sound busines 
judgment and enterprise are manifested in 
the capable control of his property. He re- 
sides at No. 142 South Logan avenue, in a 
nice home which is a monument to his inde- 
fatigable labor and capability. 

Mr. Smith was born near the village of 
Potomac, Vermilion county, on the i6th of 
October, 1840, and is a son of Henry and 
Jane (Stewart) Smith. The father was a 
native of Oxfordshire. luigland. born No- 
vember 20, 1806, and the mother's birth oc- 
curred in Birmingham, England. The pa- 
ternal grandparents of our. subject were 
Thomas and Mary (Fletcher) Smith, also 
natives of England where the grandfather 
followed farming and likewise engaged in 
conducting a dairy and cheese factory. He 
followed those lines of business until his later 
years when he came to America and after a 
year's residence in this country he was called 
to the home beyond. Henry Smith crossed 
the broad Atlantic to the new world in 1838 
and settled in Cleveland, Ohio, where he es- 
tablished a meat market. He also engaged 
in buying and shipping stock there for three 
years, after which he removed to \'ermilion 
county, Illinois, settling near the village of 
Potomac, where he carried on agricultural 
pursuits until 1847. In that year he came to 
Danville where he opened a meat market and' 
was the third oldest merchant in that line in 
the city. He did his own butchering and 
engaged in selling fresh as well as salt meats, 
tmtil 1867 when he disposed of his store and 
purchased a farm near the village of Tilton 
in this county. There he carried on the 
work of cultivating his fields until 1880 when 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



393 



he returned to Danville and was again en- 
gaged in the meat business through the two 
succeeding years. Afterward he lived re- 
tired in this city until his death which oc- 
curred in 1S97. His wife passed away here 
on the 14th of No\-ember. They were 
highly respected people esteemed because 
they were true to upright principles and were 
honorable in all their relations with their 
fellow men. Unto this worthy couple were 
born eleven children, but only four are now 
Hving, namely: William M. ; Mary, the wife 
of Roljert Stevens, of Danville; Fannie J. 
and Lucy, who reside at No. 116 South Jack- 
son street in the old home which their father 
built here. Those who ha\e passed awa}- 
are John. Edwin, Sarah, Frank, Henry, 
Charlie and Joseph. 

William M. Smith acquired a common 
school education in Potomac and in Dan- 
ville and in early life he assisted his father 
in the meat market, being thus engaged until 
after the inauguration of the Civil war. He 
watched with interest the progress of events 
in the south, saw that the war was to be no 
mere holiday affair and that it would require 
the united strength of the great majority of 
the loyal sons of the nation in order to pre- 
serve the Union. Accordingly, on the 12th 
of August, 1862, he offered his services to 
the government enlisting as a member of 
Company' A, One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Illinois Infantry, under command of 
Colonel Harmon. His company was com- 
manded by Captain Ralston and afterward 
by Captain Brown. With his regiment Mr. 
Smith participated in many important en- 
gagements, including the battles of Kene- 
saw, Chattanooga, Atlanta and Perryville. 
Although often in the thickest of the fight, 
exposed to the hot fire from the enemy's 
guns, Mr. Smith was never injured in any 



way. He was discharged at Washington, 
D. C, on the ist of June, 1865, returning 
to his home with the consciousness of having 
faithfully performed his duty, his military 
record being a most creditable one. 

After the war was over Mr. Smith again 
assisted his father in the meat market in 
Danville and after his father's removal to 
the farm he took charge of the market, con- 
ducting it successfully until 1880. He then 
sold a part interest in the establishment, and 
he also owns a slaughter house which is near 
his home. Mr. Smith is also engaged to 
some extent in the nursery business, having 
his place set out in nursery stock and shade 
trees which he sells to the local trade. In 
addition to all this he is the owner of several 
houses and lots on South Logan avenue and 
he owns some residence property in Vermil- 
ion Heig-hts and in Danville. 

On the 25th of December, 1867, occurred 
the marriage of Mr. Smith and Miss Mary 
A. Morgan, a native of Indiana and a daugh- 
ter of John Morgan who was engaged in the 
livery business in the Hoosier state and came 
to Danville at an early day. Here he en- 
gaged in teaming until his death which oc- 
curred in 1864. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Smith 
have been born six children : Bertie, at home; 
Kittie, the wife of Charles Milemore, of 
Danville; Belle, the wife of Ed Laflin, re- 
siding near her parents; Roena and Wilma, 
both at home; and Harry, who died in in- 
fancy. The family home is an attractive 
residence at No. 142 South Logan avenue, 
near the Vermilion river. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Smith hold membership in the Kimber 
Methodist Episcopal church of Danville and 
he belongs to the Grand Army Post in this 
city. In politics he is a Republican. Those 
who read between the lines can gain consid- 
erable knowledge of the life work of Mr. 



yj4 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Smitli. A self-made man. lie started out 
upon iiis business career determined to make 
the most of his opportunities and advantages 
and he is to-day one of the oldest representa- 
tives of the meat trade in this city. More- 
oxer, he sustains an unassailable re])utation 
because of reasonable prices, of honorable 
dealing and an earnest desire to please his 
patrons through his trade relations as well 
as in social life and he has won many warm 
friends who esteem him highly. 



\OAII E. HUBBARD. 

One of the extensive landowners of \'er- 
mili(jn county is Noah E. Hubbard, whose 
property possessions aggregate six hundred 
acres of valuable farm land. He has 
resided in this county since 1840 and is now- 
living retired from active business, enjoy- 
ing a rest which he has truly earned and 
richly deserves. One-half the width of the 
continent separates him from his ])irth place 
— She.'^ield, Massachusetts, where he first 
opened his eyes to the light of day on the 
joth of .\o\ember, 1814. He is a son of 
Xoali E. and Cynthia (Clark) Hubbard, 
both of whom were natives of the same lo- 
cality. His father there conducted a dis- 
tillery and sawmill and also engaged in 
farming in Massachusetts until 1S19, when 
he removed westward with his family, set- 
tling in Michigan, which was his home for 
two years. He then purcliased an ox team 
and started for Indiana, while his family 
made their way to that state in an old log 
canoe on tlie river. All were on the trip for 
;ibi.u.t '^ix weeks and a settlement was then 
maile in Vermilion county. Indiana, where 
Noah E. Hubbard, Sr., purchased a farm 



and also bouglit a hempmill. He engaged 
in the operation of the latter in connection 
with the cultivation of his fields until 1835, 
when he joined the Mormons. Leaving his 
family in Indiana, he went to Missouri, 
where he li\ed for three years. On the ex- 
piration of that ijeriod he returned to Illi- 
nois, settling in Xau\oo, where he lived with 
the Mormons until they left that jjart of the 
country. Mr. Hubbard at that time took 
up his abode in Vermilion county, Indiana, 
on tiie (^Id home farm, where he had previ- 
ously lived, continuing there for two years, 
when, with his wife, he started for Salt 
Lake City, Utah, to join the Mormons there. 
They only proceeded to Council P>luffs, 
Iowa, when the father was taken ill and 
died. The mother then returned and lived 
with her children until her own death. They 
were the parents of ten children : Parmelia, 
who n(5w resides in Topeka, Kansas: Lucy 
Ruth, dececeased ; Charles, a fanner living 
in L'tah; Cynthia, wh>) has passed away; 
Xoah E. ; Trudence, deceased: Lucy, who 
died in infancy: Clark, who is the owner of 
a large cattle ranch in California and makes 
his home in that state: William, a farmer of 
Benton county, Indiana; and David, who 
died in infruic}'. 

.\t the age of seventeen years Noah K. 
Hubbard went to Terre Haute, Indiana, 
where he worked in a tanyard for four years, 
receiving his board and clothing in com- 
])ensation for his services. He then re- 
turned to Vermilion county. Indiana, living 
upon the old home farm there until 1S40, 
when he crossed the line to X'ermilion coun- 
ty, Illinois, settling in Georgetown town- 
shii) at what is now known as Hubbards 
E(jrd on Big Vermilion creek. There he 
accepted a position as superintendent (if a 
sawmill for fifty cents per day and followed 
that pursuit for six years. He next settled 




MRS. N. E. HUBBARD. 




NOAH E. HUBBARD. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



399 



on what is known as the Sprouls farm on 
section 36, Georgetown township, purchas- 
ing the land and hving there until 1867. In 
that year he removed to his present farm 
and in connection with its cultivation also 
engaged in operating a sawmill until 1892, 
when hecause of failing health he retired to 
private life. His has been a useful, active 
and successful career, in which he has won 
prosperity and also gained an untarnished 
name. 

In 1845 Mr. Hubbard was united in 
marriage to Miss Catherine Ogden, a 
daughter of James Ogden, an early settler 
of this county. Her death occurred in 1880 
and many friends mourned her loss. Six 
children had been born of this marriage : 
Cardin, who married A. Hayworth and lives 
in the village of Georgetown; Cynthia, the 
wife of Ira Courtney, a farmer of George- 
town township ; Lucy, who died in infancy ; 
Azrell A., who married Marietta Hayworth 
and is engaged in farming near Ogden ; Ja- 
cob, who wedded Sarah Commons and fol- 
lows agricultural pursuits in Georgetown 
township ; and Cornelia Alice, the wife of 
Joseph Gantz, by whom she has one child, 
Lilly. They reside upon her father's farm, 
Mr. Gantz carrying' on the work of the 
fields. 

When Mr. Hubbard first purchased land 
in Georgetown township the tract was all 
co-^-ered with timber, but soon the wood- 
man's ax gave evidence that the trees were 
falling beneath his strudy strokes. He 
cleared off the land, plowed and planted it 
and also made other improvements. As the 
years have passed great transformation was 
wrought in the appearance of his property, 
which became a very valuable and highly 
productive farm. His boundaries, too, were 
extended as Mr. Hubbard made additional 

17 



purchases until he now owns over six hun- 
dred acres of land in different parts of 
Georgetown township and he has likewise 
given some land to his children. He has a 
beautiful home on his farm which is now oc- 
cupied by his daughter and her family, it 
being one of the most attracti\-e residences 
in this part of the county. In early life Mr. 
Hubbard gave his political support to the 
^Vhig party. In the ante-bellum days he 
attended the debates held by Douglas and 
Lincoln, shaking hands with each statesman. 
Since the election of Lincoln he has always 
voted the Republican ticket, strongly en- 
dorsing the principles of the party. He has 
almost reached the eighty-ninth milestone 
on life's journey and no man is better known 
in this part of V'ermilion county or is more 
highly esteemed. Splendid success has at- 
tended his efforts in business. He has 
worked earnestly and indefatigably and his 
labors have brought to him a rich reward 
so that he is now one of the wealthy agri- 
culturists of this portion of the state. In re- 
cent years he has enjoyed an honorable re- 
tirement from labor and the competence 
which he formerly acquired supplies him 
with conveniences and many of the luxuries 
of life. Vast changes have occurred in Ver- 
milion comity during the time in which he 
lias resided within its borders, its forests hav- 
ing been cleared away, its prairies cultivated 
and the entire district transformed into a 
rich agricultural tract. Towns and villages 
too have shared in the general progress and 
ad\-ancement has been made along material, 
social, intellectual and moral lines. In the 
evening of life Mr. Hubbard can look back 
over the past with just pride for what he has 
accomplished and he has always lived so that 
he has enjoyed the esteeem and high regard 
of his fellow men. 



400 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



MRS. RHODA M. HESTER. 

Ml'.-;. Rhuda Al. Hester is one ut the 
nati\e residents of \'ennilion county wliu 
through more tlian three score years and ten 
has been a witness of the growth and u]i 
l)uil(Hng of this portion of tlie state. She 
is now residing in Ridgetarm and enjoys tlie 
high esteetn of all who know her. She was 
born December 7, 1827. near X'crmilion 
Grove, a daughter of Ira and Esther, (Hor- 
ney) Mills, and her father was a native of 
Jefferson countv. Tennessee, burn December 
4, 1806, and came of a family of rich farm- 
ing people. He was one of eleven children, 
all of whom are now deceased. When he was 
sixteen years ui age he accompanied his par- 
ents on their removal from Tennessee to Illi- 
nois, a settlement being made on what be- 
came known as the Great Mills Farm, two 
miles west of Vermiliem (Jrove. From that 
time to the present representatives of the 
familv have lived upon the land which be- 
came the property of the grandparents. After 
arriving at years of maturity Ira Mills was 
united in marriage to Miss Esther Homey, 
who was born in Xenia, Ohio, December 12, 
1805. Her parents were also farming peo- 
ple, and she was one of five children. 
About 1825 the family was established 
in ^'ermilion county and here on the 
1 2th of December, 1826, she gave her hand 
in marriage to Ira Mills. They lived happily 
together until the 23d of November, 1836. 
when ?\Irs. Mills was called to her final rest, 
leaving a family of six children. The father 
afterward married ]Mary Dillon, who also 
belonged to an old family of Tennessee and 
came to Illinois during her early girlhood. 
By her marriage she became the mother of 
thirteen children. In the year 1868 Mr 
Mil1s removed with his family to Carthage, 



Missouri, and there he spent his remaining 
ilays. His second wife died there in 187-'. 
while his death occurred on the 8th of Ajjril. 
1880. The brotiiers and sisters of Mrs. Hes- 
ter are: Mrs. Louisa Lewis, who was the 
mother of nine children and is now deceased ; 
John R., who has also passed away; Paris, 
who is a merchant of Syracuse, Kansas, and 
has (jue child; William, who dieil lea\ing 
four children; and Mrs. Lydia Smith, whose 
husband is a millwright, of Los Angeles, 
California. 

Mrs. .He.ster was reared under the pa- 
ternal roof and trained to the duties of the' 
household, continuing her education in th> 
district schools until she put aside her text 
books. On the loth of November, 1853, she 
gave her hand in marriage to John Hester, 
who ^vas l)orn near Richmond, Indiana, 
March 1 1, 1827, and was one of a family of 
se\'en children. By his parents he was 
brought to \''ermilion county in 1829 and 
was here reared as a farmer boy, early becom- 
ing familiar with the duties and lalxirs that 
fall to the l(.)t of the agriculturist. His entire 
life was spent in Elwood township and his 
attention was always given to farm work, 
which he conducted with profit. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Hester was 
blessed with the following children : Al- 
fred, who is li\ing at Ridgefarm; Ida M., 
who died at the age of eleven years; Mrs. 
Mary E. Rook, of Elwood townshi]), wl. 
had six children, four of whom are yet liv- 
ing; Cyrus, of Ridgefarm. who has two 
children ; Ada, who died in childhood ; and 
Paris J., a farmer of Ridgefarm. who has 
five children. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hester 
were reared in the faith of the Society of 
I'riends. He was an earnest Christian man 
whose upright life commended him to the 
confidence and good will of all with whom 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



401 



lie was assuciated. He passed awa}' Jul\ 
17, 1899, leaving to his family the priceless 
heritage of an untarnished name and to the 
young an example well worth)' of emulation. 
Mrs. Hester was always an able assistant of 
her husband. When she was but seventeen 
years of age she began teaching, following 
that profession for se\-en years in order to 
assist in the support of her father's large 
family. She had been a student in the 
Georgetown High School and is a lady ot 
culture and intelligence. She also spun and 
wove in an early day in order to assist her 
family, and after her marriage she faithfully 
performed the duties of her household, wliile 
her husband was working in the fields, ^dr. 
and Mrs. Hester continued to reside upon the 
home farm until 1S91, when thev came to 
Ridgefarm where she is now li\-ing, lun'ing 
here a comfortable home. Her memory 
forms a connecting link between the pioneer 
past and the progressive present of Vermil- 
ion c(.ninty, and she can relate many interest- 
ing incidents of the days when this section of 
the state was upon the frontier, and can tell 
many pleasing tales of the mode of life in 
that early period. Kindly and generous, the 
sterling traits of her character and her good 
c|ualities of heart and mind have made her 
a loved friend, and one widely and favorabh 
known in her native county. 



BENJAMIN EVERHART. 

On the roll of the dead, anning the men 
who were prominent, honorable and success- 
ful in business, appears the name of Benja- 
min Everhart, and wdiile he has passed away 
he is yet remembered by many who knew him 
in Danville and throughout A^'ermilion coun- 



ty. He came to this city when the Waljash 
Railroad entered it, from Decatur, Illinois, 
driving a yoke of oxen. His entrance here 
was symbolical (jf his business connection 
with the city for throughout the greater part 
of his residence here he was engaged in team- 
ing and his patronage grew as the 3'ears 
passed by until his luisiness had assumed ex- 
tensive and profitable proportions. 

Mr. Everhart was a native of Switzer- 
land, born on the 17th of September, 1833, 
and both his parents died in Switzerland dur- 
ing his early boyhood. He remained a resi- 
dent of his native land until he was seven- 
teen years of age wdien he sailed from that 
country for America, believing that he might 
ha\'e better opportunities to secure business 
ad\-ancement in this country where the ener- 
gy of young men is not ham[)ered by caste or 
class. Landing in New York he worked as a 
laborer in the Empire state for a few years, 
after which he came to the west, settling in 
Decatur, Illinois. There he purchased an ox- 
team and was engaged in the draying busi- 
ness until his removal to Vermilion county. 
After coming to Danville Mr. Everhart was • 
here married in i860 to Miss Dorothy Kline, 
who was a native of Germany, born Febru- 
ary 27, 1842, her parents being Jacob and 
Dorothy (Miller) Kline, both of wdiom were 
natives of the fatherland. Coming to Amer- 
ica they established a home in Michigan 
where Mr. Kline eng'aged in farming until 
he was called to his final rest. The home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Everhart was blessed with 
eleven children : John, who is now engaged 
in the baking business in Indian Territory; 
Charles, who married Maude Chaftield, and 
is engineer for the Chicago & Eastern Illi- 
nois Railroad, his home being in Danville; 
Katherine and Bennie, both deceased; ^Nlary, 
the wife of Charles Anderson, of Danville. 



402 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



wlio left two children, Bennie ami Bessie 
(twins), who have been adopted by Mrs. 
Everhart and now live with her; Annie, the 
wife of John Louck, of Fairmount, Vermil 
ion county; Rebecca, the wife of Grant Kl 
berson, a machinist of Danville; Kninia and 
Bennie, who have also passed away ; Eliza- 
beth, who resides at home and is employed 
as a clerk in a stor&in this city ; and \' irginia. 
also with her mother. The children were all 
given go(xl educational privileges and thus 
prepared for life's practical and responsible 
duties. 

After coming to this city Mr. Everhart 
engaged in teaming with his ox-team and 
assisted in hauling the rock used in the con- 
struction of the first bridges over the Ver- 
milion river at Danville. He also aided in the 
construction of those bridges. For several 
years he carried on general teaming and 
then took charge of the Danville dray line. 
During the last seventeen years of his life 
he was engaged in the draying business and 
his services were in constant demand. There 
was nuich difference between his good teams 
of horses and his outfit of oxen and old 
fashioned wagon which he had at the timt 
oi his arri\-al. His patronage, too, had in- 
creased with the passing years and as the 
result of liis labors he had acquired a com- 
fortable competence. He was always an in- 
dustrious, hard working, energetic man, and 
these qualities brought to him the confidence 
and good w'ill of those witli whom he came 
in contact. Fie passed away July 28, 1895 
but his memory is still cherished by many 
who knew him and respected him because his 
life was in consistent harmony w ilh the prin- 
ciples of upright manhood. In politics he 
was independent. sup])orting the candidates 
whom he believed best (pialified for ofificc. 
He belonged to the Independent Order of 



Odd Fellows, of Danville, and was highly 
esteemed in the fraternity. Mrs. Everhart is 
a member of tlie German ^lethodist Episco- 
l)al Church of this city and siie now resides 
at her home at Xo. 31 South Walnut street 
with her daughters. She has long lived here 
and has a wide acquaintance. She has seeti 
Danville grow from the conditions of a vil- 
lage until it has become one of the leading 
metropolitan centres of this great state. IJke 
her husband she well deserves mention u\ 
this volume devoted to the worthy and re])re- 
sentative citizens of Vermilion county. 



H.XRRISON FAIRCHILD. 

The history of a state as well as that of 
a nation is chiefly the chronicle of the lives 
and deeds of those who have conferretl hon- 
or and dignity upon society. The world 
judges the character of a community by that 
of its representative citizens and yields its 
tributes of admiration and respect for the 
genius, learning or virtues of those whose 
works and actions constitute the record of a 
state's prosperity and ])ride: and it is their 
character, as exemplified in probity and be- 
nevolence, kindly virtues and integrity in the 
affairs of life, that is ever afYording worthy 
examples for emul;ili(jn and \-aluable les- 
sons of incentive. 

To a student of biogra])hy there is noth- 
ing more interesting than to exaiuine the 
life historx' of a self-made man and to de- 
tect the elements of character which have 
enabled him to pass on the highwa_\- of life 
many of the c<imi)anions of his youth who 
at the out.set of their careers were more ad- 
vantageously e([uipped or endowed. The 
subject of this review has through his own 




HARRISON FAIRCHILD. 




MRS. HARRISON FAIRCHILD. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



407 



exertions attained an lionorable position and 
marked prestige among the representative 
men of the west, and with signal consistency 
it may be said that he is the architect of his 
own fortunes and one whose success amply 
justifies the application of the somewhat 
hackneyed but most expressive title, "a self- 
made man." 

Mr. Fairchild, who is now living a re- 
tired life, in a beautiful residence at No. 
1444 North Vermilion street, in Danville, 
comes of a very old and prominent family 
of Vermilion county. He is a native of this 
county, his birth having occurred on Crist- 
mas Day of 1840. His parents were Daniel 
and Lucy (Hemmingway) Fairchild. The 
father w'as a native of New York, born in 
1810, and he and four brothers left the Em- 
pire state in 1828, coming direct to Vermil- 
ion county, Illinois, for the opportunities of 
the broad west attracted them. Daniel Fair- 
child settled in Blount township, among its 
first residents. He began making improve- 
ment upon a tract of wild prairie and tim- 
ber land and built the first brick house in 
that part of the county, after which he de- 
A'oted his energies to farming for many 
years. He was also a minister of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church and in connection 
-with his agricultural pursuits he devoted 
considerable time to the work of spreading 
the Gospel, and influencing his fellow men 
to walk in the straight and narrow path. In 
his later years he preached more funeral ser- 
mons and married more couples than any 
other minister of his day in the county. His 
influence, too, was of no restricted order and 
his memcjry yet remains as a blessed bene- 
diction to those who knew him. He was 
widely recognized as a prominent and influ- 
ential resident of Vermilion county and his 
death, which occurred on the old home farm 
in Blount township. May 27, 1870, was the 



snurce of deep regret to his many friends. 
Flis wife, who proved to him a faithful com- 
panion and helpmate on life's journey and 
w ho assisted him largely in his work of re- 
deeming- men, also passed away on the old 
home farm January 10, 1891. In the. fam- 
ily of this worthy couple were fourteen chil- 
dren, of whom seven are yet living. Ordil- 
la. born March 26, 1832, is the widow of 
David Lindsey and resides in Cherryvale, 
Kansas. Eliza Ann, born November 27, 
1833, is the wife of George Smith, a resi- 
dent of Blount township, this county. Har- 
rison is the next younger. Nathaniel Rob- 
l)ins. born August 15, 1843, is a resident 
farmer of Blount township. F. Milton, born 
April 20, 1S48, resides near and owns the 
old homestead in Blount township. Eliz- 
abeth, born January 9, 1851, is the wife of 
Joseph Ingram, an agriculturist of Blount 
township. Sophia Ella, born April 20, 
1857, is the wife of John \V. Duncan, of 
.\lvin, Illinois. Of those who have passed 
away one died in infancy. The others were: 
Henry, who died before the Civil war; Wes- 
ley and Daniel C, who were killed while 
ser\-ing in the Union army during the war ; 
Eli, who died in 1893; Elkanah, who served 
his country in the One Hundred and Thirty- 
fifth Illinois Volunteer Infantry in 1864 and 
died May 16, 1900. 

Like the other members of the family 
Harrison I'^airchild began his education in 
the old suliscription schools of the county, 
later attended the common public schools 
and subsequently came to Danville, where 
for six months he was a student in the Red 
Alethodist Episcopal Seminary, wliere he 
completed his education. He was a student 
in that institution at the outbreak of the 
Civil \\ar and in June, 1861. he offered his 
services to the government, enlisting in 
Company B, Twenty-fifth IlHnois Infantry, 



4oS 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



undtT Captain Walls and dilonel Coller. 
He ])articipate(l in the tnllnwinff engage- 
ments: Pea Kidge. Corinth, Perrysville, 
Cniapliii Hills, Xoonday Creek, Pinetop 
Motmtain, Chattahoochee, Stone River, 
Manchester and C'hickamauga. At the last 
named Mr. I-'airchild was slightly wounded 
by a brdl in the leg. He was afterward in 
the charge of Missionary Ridge, where lie 
was wounded in the arm by a piece of shell. 
Subsequently the company marched with 
Sherman to .\tlanta and he was also in the 
battle of Peach 'i'ree Creek, C.eorgia, and in 
many skirmishes. During the Atlanta cam- 
paign he was relieved from further duty, his 
term of service ha\ing expired, and return- 
ing to Illinois, be recei\-ed his discharge at 
Sjjringtield. lilinois, Septemlier 5, 1864. 

Returning \n lllount township, this 
county, Mr. Fairchild engagerl in farming 
near the old homestead. He was married 
on the 8th of March, 1865, to Sarah E. 
Lanham, also a native of this county and a 
daughter of Robert .\. Lanham. one of the 
early settlers of Blount township, where he 
followed farming for many years, passing 
away there in 1865. The marriage of Mr. 
and Mrs. ]'"airchild was blessed with thir- 
teen children : Rev. Wilbur Daniel, a min- 
ister of the Methodist Episcoi)al church ;md 
now a resident of Murdock, Illinois; Lilly 
Jane, the wife of John Crawford, a resident 
of Danville; Eftle, the wife of Edward Ben- 
nett, who is living in Urbana, Illinois; Os- 
car H., a chemist of Denver, Colorado; 
John L., who now resides on the old home 
farm in Blount townshi]); Myrtle, the wife 
of the Ivev. J. M. Judy, a Metho- 
dist TCpisco])al minister at r)ela\an, 
W'isconsiu ; Roscoe S.. who was born 
May iJ, 1878, and is now a stu- 
dent in the Chicago University, ha\-ing 
j)re\iousl\- served as corporal in Battery A 



in the Spanish-American war, being f(ir two 
months in Porto Rico; Ethel, the wife of 
Jesse Kenney, of lligginsville, Illincjis; Bes- 
sie, Ruby, Harrison and Albert, all at home; 
and Sarena, who died in infancy. 

.\fter his marriage .Mr. l-";iirchild pur- 
chased a farm near the old homestead in 
Blount township, ble made all of the im- 
provements upon that priiperty, including 
the erection of substantial buildings. He 
uses the latest improved machinery in carry- 
ing on the work of the farm and has made 
his [)Iace a \erv attractive ;mil valuable one. 
There he continued his business until 1895 
when, wishing to give his children better 
educational facilities, he removed to the city 
of Danville, purchased here a lot and erected 
his present home at No. 1444 North Vermil- 
ion street. It is one of the pretty residences 
in that part of the city. He still owns his 
farm in l^ldunt tnwnship. which is rented 
to his son John L. 

Mr. I'"airchild is now ser\'ing as one of 
the school directors in his district. No. 112, 
in this county, and has held minor oflices in 
Blount township, discharging his duties 
with promptness and fidelity. He belongs 
to the Moilern WDddmen of Dan\ille, and 
in his political affiliations he has always been 
a stalwart Rei)ublican. Both he and his 
wife are devoted members of the I-'irst 
Methodist Episcopal church i>i Danville and 
he is now serving as one of its stewards. 
He was elected by the ([uarterly conference. 
Bismarck circuit, Dan\illc district, as a lay 
delegate to the Illinois (|uadrennial confer- 
ence of the Methodist Epi.scopal church held 
in Jacksonville, September, 1879; Danville 
in 1883: Decatur in 1887; and Jackson\ille 
in 1 891. His wife belongs to several nf the 
church societies and both are active in sup- 
port of the church, contributing in m;uiy 
wavs to its growth and upbuilding. In all 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



409 



the relations of life Mr. Fairchild has 
proved himself to be an earnest, honest, up- 
right man and a citizen of whom the com- 
munity luay justly be proud. 



ELIJAH J. BOORDE. 

In pioneer times, about a half century 
agx), the Boorde family was established in 
Vermilion county and the old homestead 
farm was the birthplace of the subject of this 
review, his natal day being May 17, 1859. 
He is a son of George and Sarah A. (Bow- 
ling) Boorde and the ancestry can be traced 
back through sevral generations to England 
the first of the name coming from Yar- 
mouth, that country, to America, bringing 
with him his wife, their two children and 
their maid servants. They took passage on 
a vessel called Mary Ann, and on the i6th 
of October. 1^137, they became residents of 
Newberry, ^lassachusetts. The progeny of 
these first American ancestors is now very 
numerous in the new world. Elijah Boorde, 
Sr., the grandfather of our subject, was a 
brick mason and farmer. He married Nancy 
Crane, who was born March 4, 1801, and 
was a representative in the si.xth generation 
of the Tappan familv, of Enghsh descent. 
Among their children was George Boorde, 
the father of our subject. He was born 
June 27, 1826, in Warren county, Ohio, and 
on the 9th of September, 1847, h^ was united 
in marriage to Miss Sarah A. Bowling, 
wdiose birth occurred October 21, 1829, in 
Fountain county. Indiana. Mr. Boorde was 
reared about seven miles east of Covington, 
in Fountain county, having accompanied his 
parents on their removal to that locality when 
the country was all wild and unimproved. 



and in the midst of pioneer conditions he 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth, 
acquiring his education in the primitive 
schools of those days. He afterward en- 
gaged in farming through tire summer 
months, while in the winter seasons he fol- 
lowed teaching, and his wife also engaged 
in teaching before her marriage. Mrs. 
Boorde was a representative of one 
of the earliest families of Covington, 
Indiana, and there she resided until 1854, 
when the family came to A'ermilion count) 
Illinois. Here the father began farming up- 
on a tract of one hundred and sixty acres of 
land which was entirely destitute of im- 
pro\-ements, not even a furrow having been 
turned upon the place. The journey west- 
ward had been made in a "prairie schooner" 
in the primiti\'e style of the times, for there 
were no railroads and the work of progress 
and improvement had scarcely been begun 
in this portion of the state. \\'ith character- 
istic energy, however, ]\Ir. Boorde began to 
clear and improve his land, using a plow 
wdiich was drawn by an ox-team. The 
family lived in true pioneer style and while 
the father was engaged in the work of the 
fields the mother spun and wove the material 
used for clothing for the family. As the 
years progressed the labors of Mr. Boorde 
resulted in transforming his land ' into a 
very richly culti\-ated farm, the well tilled 
fields returning to him golden harvests while 
the e.xcellent buildings placed upon the land 
also stood as monuments to his thrift and 
enterprise. He devoted his energies to the 
raising of grain and stock until after the 
outbreak of the Ci\il war, when his patriotic 
spirit being aroused he offered his services 
to the government, enlisting in Company C, 
of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Illi- 
nois Infantry, being with the regiment as 



410 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



it marched to Nashville. The long, arduou- 
march, ho\ve\'er, undermined his health, am' 
he was transferred to the Invalid Corps and 
afterward stationed at a camp in southern 
Indiana. Subsequently he was sent to Canii 
Dennison, in Ohio, and for some time was 
ill. Word reached his wife that he was worse 
and she immediately started for Columbus, 
Ohio, and on reaching there hastened to 
Camp Chase thinking to find her husband, 
but before her arrival he had passed away 
and was Iniried, his death having occurred 
November 5, 1863, — one of the brave sol- 
diers who laid down his life as a sacrifice 
upon the altar of his country. He was a de- 
\-out meml)cr of the Christian Church, a man 
of upright life and irreproachable character, 
and his remains were interred in the cemetery 
in Columbus, Ohio. Mrs. Boorde still sur- 
vives her husband and is now living in In- 
dianola in her seventy-tliird year. In the 
family were six children : Rosina, now de- 
ceased ; Alpheus, who married Stella Jones, 
and is living in Oakwood township; Enoch 
P., who died at the age of two years; Mar- 
tha, the wife of Joseph Fisher, of Fith 
ian ; lilijah J. ; and Ida May, who died at 
the age of twenty-four years. 

Elijah J. Boorde, the fifth in order of 
birth, named in honor of his grandfather, 
was reared upon the old home farm which 
is still his place of residence, and in the dis- 
trict schools of the neighborhood he acquired 
his education. He has always lived here 
with the exception of a period of two years 
spent in Danville and one year in South Da- 
kota. He to-day owns the old homestead 
and has added to it a tract of eighty acres, 
making in all two hundred and twenty acres 
save that at the time of the building of the 
railroad a small ])ortion was cut off, lca\ing 



two hundred and sixteen acres, which con- 
stitutes one of the richest and best improved 
farms of the Prairie state, pleasantly and 
conveniently located on section 12, Oakwood 
township, about a mile and a quarter north- 
west of the town of b'ithian. His farm is 
.splendidly improved with all modern equip- 
ments and accessories for facilitating work 
Mr. Boorde employs a number of men to 
])erf irm the active \vork of field and mead- 
(jw, and to the business of farming he gives 
his careful super\ision, and his capable man- 
agement and executive ability form import- 
ant elements in its successful control. The 
land is well tiled, the fields highly cultivated 
and fine stock is raised. The home is a very 
attractive, commodious residence, forming 
one of the pleasing featvu'es of the landscape 
and all the other buildings of the place are 
substantial and well adapted for the use 
to which they are put. Mr. I'x.iorde also owns 
an interest in the Fithian Telephone Com- 
pany, the line extending from Fithian 
throughout the surrounding country and 
also into Champaign county. 

On the 23d of February, 1888, Mr. 
Boorde was united in marriage to Miss An- 
nie B. Thompson, whose birth occurred 
March 31, 1861, in Oakwood township. Ver- 
nu'lion county, while in the district schools 
she acquired her preliminaiy education which 
was supplemented bv one year's attendance 
at the high .school of Danville. She has been 
a popular teacher of her native county hav- 
ing successfully taught for about twelve 
terms in Oakwood township. She was the 
third in a family of twelve children born 
unto John R. and Elizabeth (Wright) 
Thompson. Her paternal grandparents 
were Joseph and Xancy (Stoughton) 
Thom]>son, the former a native of Xcw Jer- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



411 



sey and the latter of Pennsylvania. John 
R. Thompson was horn in Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, April 12, 1830, and 
was the eighth in a family of eighteen chil- 
dren, twehx of whom reached years of ma- 
turity. On the 27th of Nox'emher, 1856, he 
was united in marriage to Miss Elizaheth 
Wright, and in order to pro\ide for his fam- 
ily he engaged in agricultural pursuits, be- 
coming one of the leading stock raisers of 
Vermilion county. He made a specialty of 
sheep, keeping on hand graded Shropshire 
and i\Ierinoes. He herded a drove of over 
one thousand sheep upon the prairie in an 
early day. He was also a lover of good 
horses and owned four fine horses of Ken- 
tucky running stock. In business afi'airs he 
was prominent and influential, and was a 
citizen of worth in Vermilion county, hon- 
ored and respected by all who knew him 
Mrs. Boorde is a sister of Judge Thompson. 
of this county. By her marriage she has' 
become the mother of two children, !\Ial)el 
and John Rosslyn, both of whom are stu- 
dents in the schools of Fithian. 

Mr. Boorde has served as school director 
and the cause of education finds him an 
advocate of progress and improvement along 
that line. He has also served as township 
trustee and has been Republican county com-' 
mitteeman for two terms, being a stanch 
advocate of the Republican party. Both he 
and his wife hold membership in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church of Fithian and he is 
a member of the Modern Woodmen Camp 
of that place. His entire life has been passed 
in this county and the circle of his friends 
is an extensive one. While there has been 
nothing exciting or sensational in his career 
it is that of a man who has always been loyal 
to duty, faithful in citizenship and true to the 
relations of the home and of friendship. 



\\'. A. FLIXT. 

From the age of twehe years W. A. 
Flint has depended upon his own resources 
for a livelihood and the success which he has 
achieved has come to him as a result of his 
own labor and diligence. He was born i. 
Lincoln county, Kentucky, on the lOth of 
Alay, 1862, and was reared to manhood in 
that state. His educational privileges were 
\'ery meager, for his parents were poor and 
his services were needed upon the home 
farm. After his fathers' death, wdiich oc- 
curred when the subject of this review was 
only eleven years of age, W. A. Flint assisted 
in supporting the family of eight children. 
When twelve years of age he entered the 
store as a clerk and there remained for five 
years, li\-ing during that time at East Bern- 
stead, Kentucky. During the first year o 
his business connection at that place he sent 
ten thousand dollars by express, as the re- 
sult of the year's trade. He remained there 
for three years and then sold out. He had 
had the entire management of the business 
and had displayed much ability in its con- 
trol. On the expiration of that period he 
returned to his native county and entered the 
store in which he had formerly acted as 
clerk. In the meantime he had broadened 
his knowledge by attending night school and 
through reading and observation he had be- 
come a well informed man, realizing that 
mental training and education were necessi- 
ties of a successful bnsiness career. 

For two years he remained in his native 
county and after his marriage he went to 
Texas in 1886, making his way to Abilene. 
He took with him two hundred dollars in 
cash and there rented a house for twelve 
dollars per month. He entered the employ 
of a furniture dealer who paid him one dol- 



412 



THE BIOGRAPHICJAJ. RECORD 



lar per day for llie lirst year's wages. He 
prnseil So valuable to the owner that he 
won promotion rapidly and inside of tlirei. 
years he owned the building and tlie stock, 
acquiring this by reason of the stringency 
of the money market caused b)' the drought 
of 1887-8. its proprietors became discour- 
aged and on account of poor lousiness i)ros- 
pects he left Texas and went to Central 
America where he is now li\ing. When a 
year had passed ]\Ir. Elint admitted a part- 
ner to the business. Sales had not been 
very good because of the drouglit and ex- 
isting conditions of things in the south, but 
he persevered in his work and in 1888-9 he 
purchased the stock of all competitors in 
the turniturc business, becoming the owner 
of two stores, one in the northern ])art of the 
town and another in the southern jiart. He 
did all of the furniture and undertaking busi- 
ness in this town of live thousand inliabi- 
tants for ten years, having no competition. 
His trade covered a radius of one hundred 
miles in all directions. He remained in busi- 
ness there for fifteen years meeting with 
splendid success in his undertakings. He 
also became the owner of two valuable 
ranches, one of twenty-seven hundred acres, 
and the other of four thousand acres. These 
were splendidly stocked, his horses number- 
ing four hundred, his cattle five hundred. 
At length, however, Mr. IHiut disposed of 
his various business interests in Texas and 
came to Hoopeslon in 189S. At Lincoln. 
Illinois, he piu'chased a stock of shoes value;» 
at ten thousand dollars and shipped these to 
Hoopeston, also adding a grocery stock. In 
the meantime he had purchased a stock of 
dry goods in Kansas City, which he also 
shipped to Hoopeston, and opening these 
various lines of goods he conducted business 
for about two years as an extensive and suc- 



cessful merchant. .\t the end of that time, 
however, he suffered verv serious losses 
amounting to about twenty-five thousand 
dollars. This was a result of a diftlculty 
which he had with a man by the name of H. 
Kirliy, who had talsely manipulated land 
deals for Mr. Mint, making these business 
relations result to his own benefit instead of 
to the owner of the ])roperty. Mr. Kirby 
had completely won Mr. Mint's confidence 
and later he abused this in the most shame- 
ful manner. Troul)le arising between them 
in self-defense Mr. Mint shot the man bu 
did not fatrdl\- injure him. In his course our 
subject received the su])port of the best resi- 
dents of Hoopeston antl was ac(|uitted. 
Starting out in business life anew at this 
place he became a broker and real-estate 
agent and has since continued his efforts 
along these lines. \\'hile maintaining liis 
residence in Hoopeston he has to a large ex- 
tent superintended landed investments scat- 
tered over the state which are the property 
of the Bank of Salem, acting as agent for 
]\Ir. Marshall, of that place. He sold one 
farm in southern Illinois for yiv. Alarshall, 
for twenty-two thousand live hundred dollars 
cash. This tract com]irised one hundred and 
sixty acres, .and Mr. Mint succeeded in get- 
ting a higher \n\ce for the land than any 
that had ever been paid in that part of the 
state. He possesses sound judgment, keen 
discrimination and marked executi\'e force — 
qualities which are very valuable in business 
life. lUiilding a hotel in I'ana, Illinois, he 
ciMiductcd it for a number of years and then 
sold out. He has also'bought and sold farms 
in this state and he now owns six hundred 
and forty acres of valuable land on the Chi- 
cago & Eastern Illinois Railroad about fifty- 
five miles south of Ciiicago. He also owned 
the city electric light plant for a year and 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



4'3 



managed it during that time, after which he 
sold it tn J 901. He is also the owner of a 
half interest in the Cuinningham Hotel. He 
has two hundred and forty acres of farm 
land near Salem. Illinois, and eighty acre^ 
near Kankakee, togetlier with some town 
property. 

Mr. Flint was united in marriage tn 
Lockie B. Daniels, a native of Lincoln coun- 
ty, Kentucky, wdiere they were married. Her 
people are now living in Abilene. Texas, 
while Mr. Flint's people still reside in Ken- 
tucky. Three days after the wedding wa: 
performetl the young couple started for the 
Lone Star state, where they remained for 
a numlier of years. The marriage has been 
l)Iessetl w ith four children : Harold, War- 
ren. J. P. and Ferris Audrey. In his polit- 
ical \iews Mr. Flint is a Bryan Democrat. 
He belongs to the Knights of Pythias fra- 
ternity, of Abilene, Texas, and holds mem- 
ijership in the Baptist church. Such in brief 
is his life history and those who read be- 
tween the lines may know something of the 
struggle which he has had in the business 
world, but though he has met difficulties and 
obstacles he has persevered in the face of 
such opposition and to-day he occupies an 
enviable position, prominent both because of 
his success and of the confidence reposed in 
him. 



EPHRAIM BARNHART. 

Ephriam Barnhart. now deceased, fol- 
lowed farming throughout his entire life and 
was long a resident of Vermilion county re- 
spected as a worthy representative of its 
agricultural interests. He settled in Edgar 
county, Illinois, at an early day and thence 
came to this section of the state. Mr. Barn- 



hart was a native of Pennsyh'ania. liorn 
July 10. 1834. and his parents, Jacob and 
Mary Barnhart. were also natives of the 
Keystone state. There they spent the greater 
portion of their lives, the father following 
the occupation of farming in Pennsylvania 
until his death. The mother, however, af- 
terward came to Illini)is and died at the 
home of her son George in Edgar county. 
* Mr. Barnhart of this review was indebted 
to the common schools of Pennsylvania for 
the educational pri\-ileges which he enj(.iyed 
in his youth. He resided in the state of his 
nativity during the period of his minority, 
assisting his father upon the home farm un- 
til after he became of age. He then made his 
way westward settling in Edgar county, Illi- 
nois, where he purchased a farm seven miles 
east of Paris. Here he began cultivating 
the soil on his own account and was engaged 
in the further development and improve- 
ment of his place. When the country, 
aroused over the issue of slavery and of the 
secession of the south, became involved in 
Civil war, he resolved to strike a blow in 
defense of.the L'nion. It was on the 28th of 
May. 1862. that Mr. Barnhart enlisted, be- 
coming a member of Company E, One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-fifth Illinois Infantry, at 
Paris, this state. He was under the com- 
mand of Captain Campbell and Colonel 
Birge and with his regiment he participated 
in a number of important engagements in- 
cluding the battles of Fort Donelson and 
Shiloh. Fie was never injured, however, in 
an encounter with the enemy, but because 
of failing health he received an hon(5rable 
discharge. Fie then returned to the farm in 
Edgar county and was there living at the 
time of his marriage. 

In 1863 Mr. Barnhart was joined in 
w'edlock to Miss Eliza T. Barrow, a nali\-e 



4'4 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



of Augusta county, X'irginia, born Xovem- 
ber i6, 1835, her parents being Bayless and 
Nancy (Myers) Barrow. Theye were na- 
tives of \'irginia and removed to Vigo coun- 
ty, Indiana, during tlic early girlliood of 
Mrs. Barnhart and there they h\ed until 
their death. The father devoted his atten- 
tions to agricultural pursuits. The home of 
oiu' subject and his wife was blessed with 
four children : Halbert. who resides with 
his mother, and is engaged in farming near 
the city ; Carrie, the wife of Walter Hannum. 
a plumber of Dan\-ille. by whom she has 
two children. Howard and Walter: Elea- 
niira, the wife of Robert Sage, a boiler ma- 
ker in Chicago; and Mayme, the wife of 
William H. Carson, a plumber of Danville, 
who is a member of the firm of Carson i^ 
Company. They reside with Mrs. Barnhart 
and have two children, Thomas Henry and 
Freddie Barnhart. 

Our subject and his wife Ijegan their 
domestic life upon his farm in Edgar county, 
Illinois, and there remained for eight years, 
after which they removed to Denison. Texas, 
where our subject .carried on agricultural 
pursuits for two years. He then returned 
to Illinois, settling in Clark county, where he 
carried on farm work for four rears, or until 
1884 when he moved with his family to Dan- 
ville. During the summer months he con- 
tiiuicd his farm work and during the winter 
seasons he followed teaming in this city until 
his health failed him and he was obliged to 
]Mit aside business cares, living retired from 
that time imtil called to his final rest. He 
passed away December 24, 1898. deeply re- 
gretted by his many friends. He had very 
firm faith in the principles of the Republi- 
can party and always supported its men and 
measures. Socially he was connected with 
the Grand Army Post of this city. Brooking 



no obstacle that could be overcome by de- 
termined and earnest effort, he achieved suc- 
cess in this way and at the same tiine he won 
a good name and left to his family and 
friends an example well worthy of emula- 
tion. .Mrs. Barnhart is a member of the 
First Cumberland Presbyterian church of 
Danville. She occupies a nice residence at 
No. 907 Robinson street, where she is li\ing 
with her son and with Mr. and Mrs. W. II. 

Carson. 

» » * • 

\\ILLIAM COSSAIRT. 

L'])ni; a good farm on section 4, Middle- 
fork township, lives William Cossairt and 
his ]jlace of one hundred and sixtv acres is 
eipiippetl with modern accessories which in- 
dicate him to l)e a progressive agriculturist. 
His land adjoins the town of Potomac on 
Ihe west and thus the comforts of town life 
are easily secured. A native son of Illinois, 
he was born near the city of Danville, July 
5, 1836. His father was Da\id Cossairt, 
his grandfather Albert Cossairt and both 
were natives of Kentucky. The latter re- 
miived with his family to Illinois in early 
j)ioneer liiues, settling in \'ermilion county 
north of the present city of Danville. 
There he secured a tract of wild land, which 
he transformed into a good farm, becoming 
one of the prosperous and well known agri- 
cidturists of his community. L'pon that 
place he reared his family and there lived to 
the rijic old age of more than ninety years. 

D.-ivid Cossairt was reared upon the old 
h(imestead and early became familiar with 
the arduous task of developing new land, 
lie also shared with the family in the vari- 
ous hardships and trials incident to frontier 
life. He was married in X'ermilion county 




MRS. WILLIAM COSSAIRT. 




WILLIAM COSSAIRT. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



419 



to Jane Caldwell, a native of Germany, who 
came wit1i her parents from Ohio to Ilh- 
nois. In order to provide for liis wife and 
fiir the children who were afterward added 
to the family, David Cossairt followed 
farming, living near the old homestead for 
several years. In 1842 he purchased the 
place now owned and occupied by his son 
\\'illiam and here he began farm work, 
making the first impro\ements on the place. 
His home w^as a hewed log house, in which 
he resided until the time of his death, which 
occurred about 1845, when he w^as yet a 
young man. His wife survived him for sev- 
eral years. Of the family of two sons and 
two daughters ^Villiam Cossairt is the eld- 
est. His brother John was a soldier of the 
war of the Rebellion, serving in Company I 
of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Illi- 
nois Infantry, and he died at Nashville, 
Tennessee, during the war. Mary, one of 
the sisters, grew to womanhood, was mar- 
ried and at her death left a son, William H. 
Young, who now resides in Idaho. The 
other sister, Margaret, is the wife of Isaac 
Dwiggin, of Waynetown, Indiana. 

In taking up the personal history of 
William Cossairt we present to our readers 
the life record of one who is widely and 
favorably known in Vermilion county. He 
grew to manhood on the farm wdiere he 
now li\'es and bought out the interest of the 
other heirs in the old home place, thus suc- 
ceeding to the ownership. He has cleared 
and broken the land, has fenced the fields 
and made the farm what it is to-day — a rich- 
ly developed tract splendidly adapted for ag- 
ricultural pursuits. He also erected a neat 
and substantial residence and planted an or- 
chard, the trees of which now bear good 
fruit. Some of the trees of his own planting 
are at the present time more than two feet 
in diameter, these being set out fifty-eight 



years ago. He has also tiled his land and 
added many ecjuipments of value to facili- 
tate farm work. He is now making a spe- 
cialty of feeding and fattening hogs and cat- 
tle for the market and is justly numbered 
among the successful stockmen of the 
county. 

In Middlefork township in 1861 was cel- 
ebrated the marriage of Air. Cossairt and 
Louisa A, Smith, a daughter of Septimus 
Smith, a native of England, but his daugh- 
ter was born and reared in Vermilion coun- 
ty. By this union there have been born nine 
children; William S., who is a practicing 
physician of Potomac ; Adeline S., at home ; 
David S., who is married and follows farm- 
ing in Middlefork township; Samuel A., 
also a farmer of the same township ; Laura 
Grace and Mary May, both at home; an I 
John. They lost two children, Emma, the 
first Ijorn, who died at the age of twenty 
months ; and Josephine, who died in in- 
fancy. 

Mr. Cossairt became of age in 1857 and 
it was therefore that in i860 he cast his 
first presidential vote. His ballot was de- 
posited for Abraham Lincoln and he has 
since been an earnest supporter of the Re- 
publican party, its men and its measures. 
He has served as school trustee since twen- 
ty-seven years of age, covering a period of 
more than four decades. He has also been 
township trustee for a number of years and 
for four consecutive years has been asses- 
sor. He has likewise served as a delegate to 
numerous conventions of his party and in 
all public offices of trust he has been prompt 
and faithful in the discharge of his duties. 
He and his wife hold membership in the 
Potomac Methodist Episcopal church and 
have been true to its teachings as exemplified 
in their noble relations with their fellow 
men. For over sixty years ]\Ir. Cossairt has 



420 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



resided upon the farm which is yet his home. 
Perliaps this record is equalled by that of 
no other resident of \'crmilion county. His 
entire life has been passed within the borders 
of tins county and he has watched its won- 
derful transformation. Great indeed have 
been the changes which have been wrought 
as the swampy land has been made to pro- 
duce abundant harvests. As towns and cities 
have been built the work of progress and im- 
provement lias been carried forward along 
all lines. There is not a man in the commu- 
nity more highly respected than William 
Cossairt and no history of this portion of 
the state would be complete without the rec- 
ord of his life. 



JESSE LEEKA. M. D. 

The (_[ualitics which make a successful 
physician ha\e long been manifested in the 
career of. Dr. Leeka, who is now practicing 
in Oakwood, Vermilion county, and his pro- 
fessional business has long been of an im- 
portant as well as of an extensive charac- 
ter. The Doctor was born in Clinton coun- 
ty, Ohio, May 19, 1830, and his father, 
Philip Leeka, was born in Washington coun- 
ty, \^irginia, in 1799, wdiile the grandfather 
of our subject was of German birth and was 
one of the Hessian soldiers that were hired 
by England without their consent to servt: 
in the Revolutionary war. Contrary winds, 
however, delayed the shi]is in which they 
embarked and the war was o\er before they 
arrix'ed in the new world. jNIr. Leeka, how- 
ever, decided to remain and settled in Vir- 
ginia. The mother of our subject bore the 
maiden name of Elizabeth Hodson, who was 
])nrn in North Carolina in 1797. It was in 



Clinton county, Ohio, that .she gave her hand 
in marriage to Philip Leeka, who was a 
farmer by occupation. He remo\ed to that 
county about 1815, settling upon a tract of 
land there. He spent his remaining days in 
that locality and died in June, 1884. The 
mother of our subject had passed away ir. 
Januar}-. 1843, and Philip Leeka later wed- 
ded Miss l*"razier, who is also now deceased. 
His political adherence was given to the 
Whig party in early life and he afterward 
became a Republican. In the family were 
ten children, namely. Jonathan, wIk) resides 
at New Vienna, Clinton county, Ohio 
Sarah, whu died in September, 1900; Han- 
nah, will 1 became the wife of Joseph A. Han- 
sel and Ii\ed for a time in Cedar county, 
Iowa but afterward removed to Linn coun- 
ty, that state, and died in Marion, Inwa, in 
the spring of 1900; Christian, who died at 
the age of seven years; the Doctor, who is 
the fifth in order of birth ; Henry, who was 
twice in.arried and who served as a L'ninn 
soldier in the Civil war and made his home 
in Clinton county, Ohio, where he died in 
May, 1901 ; Mary, who wedded John In- 
gold, who died in 1879 in New \^ienna, 
Clinton county, Ohio, where his widow now 
resides : ^Vlathew, who married Lucinda But- 
ler, of Hancock county, and has one chile' 
a daughter, and resides upon the old home- 
stead farm in Clinton county; John \\''esley. 
who enlisted in 1861 as a member of Com- 
pany A, Forty-eighth Ohio Infantry, and 
served for three years with the Union army 
and while on duty was wounded in the foo; 
at Pittslnirg Landing; and Martha E., who 
is the youngest of the family, now li\-ing in 
New \^ienna, Clinton county, Ohio. 

Dr. Leeka pursued his education in the 
Hoskins district school and in New Vienna. 
Ohio. He afterward engaged tn teaching 



BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



42 I 



for four niunths and later he came to Illi- 
nois, settling in Tuscola, Douglas county, 
where he taught school in the winter of 
1883-4. r^rom 1876 until 1878 he was a stu- 
dent in the Indiana Physio Medical College 
at Indianapolis, in which he was graduated 
with the class of 1878. He afterward prac- 
ticed in Jerome and Kokomo, Indiana, and 
later went to Missouri and to Kansas, but 
after a few months spent in the west he re- 
turned to Illinois and engaged in teaching 
school in Tuscola. From that place he re- 
moved to Fairmount, where he practiced 
medicine until 1886, when he came to Oak- 
wood and entered upon a professional career 
which has been profitable and has dcmon- 
ctrated his skill in a marked degree. 

On the 22(1 of February, 1855, in Rush- 
ville. Rush county, Indiana, the Doctor wed- 
ded Rebecca A. Macy, who was born in 
Henry county, Indiana, June i, 1835. Her 
father, b^rancis B. IMacy. was a native of 
North Carolina, and was descended from 
one of three brothers of the name, who came 
from England to the new world when the 
Quakers were being banished from that 
country. They took up their abode in Nan- 
tucket and there, intermingling with the In- 
dians, married some of the maidens of the 
red race. Francis B. married Hulda B. 
Hunt, a nati\-e of North Carolina and a rep 
resentative of an old family of that state, 
prominent in jjublic affairs and active as 
members of the Quaker Society. They were 
married in Henrj' count)', Indiana, where 
the father followed his trade of a tinsmith. 
Subsequently he removed to Rush county, 
Indiana, and afterward to Kokomo, where 
both he and his wife lie buried. He voted 
with the Whig party and was identified with 
the Society of Friends. Mrs. Leeka was 
one of a familv of four children, but the 



onh' one now survi\-ing is John L. Macy, a 
resident of Kokomo. Mrs. Leeka died April 
14, 1873, and on the 3d of May, 1885, i" 
Fairmount, Illinois, the Doctor wedded Miss 
Elizabeth J. Timmons, who was born in Car- 
roll county, Indiana, in 1838. By the first 
marriage there were five children. Francis 
Edgar, who married Sarah Sisson, is man- 
ager of the Durango Smelting Works of 
Durango, Colorado. Charles V.. who re- 
sides on a farm in Porter county, Indiana, 
wedded Ida Ailsworth and they had fi\-( 
children, of whom two are living. Theodore 
and Ethel. \\'illiam L., wh became a phy- 
sician but is now a photographer of Fair- 
mount has been twice married and by his 
union with :Mary Gibson had three children, 
while by the second marriage one child has 
been born. Cora Ann, the fourth of the 
family, died at the age of twelve years. Dan- 
iel K., who is a practicing dentist, is also a 
photographer. 

Dr. Leeka is a stanch Republican and for 
two terms served as coroner in Henry coun- 
ty, Indiana. For fourteen years he has been 
notary public and for four years was post- 
master, while at the present time he is serv- 
ing as clerk of Oakwood township. He be- 
longs to Newton Lodge, No. 714, F. & A. 
M.. having been a Mason for forty-nine 
years, becoming a member of the craft in 
New Vienna, Ohio. He has served as ex- 
aminer for all the insurance fraternal or- 
ganizations which have representatives in 
Oakwood and for many insurance societies. 
He is a member of the American Phvsio 
Medical Association and of the Illinois Phy- 
sio Medical Association and through these 
relations he keeps in touch with the advanced 
thought of the profession, with the investiga- 
tions which are continually being made and 
with the experiments which result in broad- 



422 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



ening knowledge and promoting the effi- 
ciency of the physician. The Doctor is also 
a member of tlie Metlrodist Episcopal church 
and of the Grand Army of the Republic. He 
is entitled to membership in the latter be- 
cause of his services as a Union soldier in the 
Civil war. He enlisted at Carthage in Rush 
county, Indiana, December 12, 1863, as a 
member of Company E, Ninth Indiana Cav- 
aln,% with which he served until the 29th of 
September, 1S65. He was then mustered out 
at Vicksburg, Mississippi. His regiment par- 
ticipated in a number of noted engagements 
and while at the front he contracted rheuma- 
tism because of the dampness occasioned by 
the swamps by which the troops were many 
times surrounded. Dr. Leeka is to-day as 
true and loyal in matters of citizenship as 
he was when he wore the nation's blue uni- 
form and in ci\ic office and in professional 
life he is most faithful to the trust reposed in 
him. He stands to-day among the promi- 
nent res])ected and honored men of his com- 
munitv. and nn history of Oakwood or this 
section of Vermilion county would be com- 
plete without the record of his career. 



WILLIAM 



DAVIS. 



^^'illiaul f. Davis, a real-estate operator 
of Danville, was born in Vermilion county, 
August I, 1838, and is a representative of 
one of the old pioneer f;unilies of that local- 
ity. His father. James A. Davis, was a na- 
tive of England and in the year 1828 sailed 
for .\merica, landing at Savannah, Georgia, 
where for a time he was cm])loyc(I as a clerk 
in a store. He afterward started up the 
■Mississi])pi river in the boat. Rrandywine, 
but the vessel caught lire and he jumped 
into the ri\er, swimming ashore with the aid 



of a board. He lost all he had, however, 
and after being furnished transportation to 
Natchez, he walked from there to Danville. 
He had been given a suit of old clothes and 
a little nioncN', but he bad only twehe cents 
upon his arrival here and he had never 
worked out of doors before in his life, being 
entirely unused to the hard labor of a farm 
or other such occupation. He was accom- 
panied by a man of the name Russell, who 
was also without funds. An old Quaker 
gave them shelter over night and then 
made a gift of one dollar and twenty- 
fi\'e cents to each, sending them on their way 
rejoicing. The lirst thing which Mr. Davis 
did in X'crmilion county was to conduct a 
school, '[lie settlers built a little log school-, 
house in the spring of 1S32 and he became a 
teacher of the first school e\'er taught in 
Danville, thus laying the foundation for the 
educational ilevelopment of this portion of 
the state. The building was located at what 
is now the foot of Hazel street and there Mr. 
Davis taught for three months, after which 
he volunteered for service in the Black 
Hawk w.ir and not only did he do his mili- 
tary (hity but he also acted as nurse to some 
old soldiers who had cholera. He was never 
sick or wounded, however, and after the 
war he returned to Danville, where in tlie 
foUowuig spring he was married and llicn 
engaged in farming. It was on the 22(1 (jf 
March, 1833, in this city that he wedded 
Lavina Canaily, a native of Kentucky, and 
for a year be li\cd upon a rented farm, after 
which be took up go\-ernment land near 
Statelinc, coiitinuing there until 1847, when 
he removed to a large farm in the north- 
western part of the county, carrying on ag- 
ricultural pursuits until the 15th of May, 
1S51. when he retired from farm life and 
removed to Danville, where he lived until 
1888. Me then went to California in tlie 




WILLIAM J. DAVIS 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



427 



hope of benefiting- liis witVs healtli and they 
Hved in Anaheim, Orange county, until 
called to their final rest, Mr. Davis passing 
away May i. 1902, and his wife on the 17th 
of August, 1S95. He was a Republican in 
politics and by appointment served for sev- 
eral terms as deputy shei-itT, but he always 
refused to become a candidate for any elec- 
tive office. He was, however, deeply inter- 
ested in public alTairs, contributing of his 
time and efiorts to the jiromotion of all 
measures calculated to prove of general ben- 
efit. For many years he was a member of 
the Odd Fellows Society and was an active 
and helpful member of the Christian church, 
his life being in harmony with its teachings, 
in fact, to known James A. Davis was to es- 
teem and honor him for his upright career 
made him win the regard of all and he 
should also be held in grateful remembrance 
by the people of Vermilion county for what 
he did in its behalf, for he assisted in laying 
broad and deep the foundation of pioneer 
development, upon which rests the present 
prosperity and progress of this section of the 
state. 

William J. Davis is one of a family of 
five children, all yet living, and was the first 
born. The others are: Frances P., the wife 
of W. R. Harker, a resident of California; 
Mary, the widow of Leonidas M. Brown, 
who died in Los Angeles, California, where 
she is now living; Julia, who is the widow 
of John Lane and resides in Gardetr Grove, 
Orange county, California; and Alice, who 
makes her home with her sister Julia. 

In his early youth W^illiam J. Davis pur- 
sued his education under his father's in- 
struction in a country school in Newell 
township and afterward attended the public 
schools of Danville until nineteen years of 
age. when he accepted a clerkship in the Le 
Seuer store, where he remained for a year. 

18 



He was afterward in the employ of W. R. 
Gessie for six months and then accepted the 
position of deputy county clerk under J. C> 
Short, serving for four years. At the end 
of that time, in August, 1862, Mr. Davis 
became a defender of the Union, joining the 
boys in blue of Company C, One Hundred 
and Twenty-fifth Illinois Infantry, enlisting 
at Danville under Captain William W. Fel- 
lows and Colonel O. F. Harmon. He was 
then ordered to Louis\-ille, Kentucky, to join 
the Ami}- of the Cumberland and served for 
four months when he was taken ill, because 
of exposure and was discharged for physical 
disability. He returned to Danville but for 
a year thereafter was confined to his home 
and when he had sufficiently recovered his 
health he entered the office of the circuit 
clerk, who had been county recorder when 
^[r. Davis served as deputy. For four years 
he occupied that position and then w'as en- 
gaged in the abstract business for five years, 
since which time he has been engaged in real 
estate dealing. Perhaps no better idea of 
Mr. Da\'is" high reputation as a business 
man can be given than to quote a letter 
wdiich was signed and endorsed by many 
of t he leading citizens of this section of the 
state an.d other portions of Illinois. It read : 
"This letter will introduce to you Mr. Will- 
iam J. Davis, a man whom I have known 
for many years as a careful, honest, inde- 
fatigable worker. He has been in the real 
estate and abstract business for a great 
many years and he is well ([ualified to attend 
to anything in that line of business as any 
man in the county. I heartily commend him 
to your careful consideration. 
"V^ery truly yours, 

Thomas J. Dale, county cleric. 

W. C. Thompson, county treasurer. 

"I heartily and cheerfully concur." 
J. G. Cannon, member of congress. 



428 



THE BIOGRArillCAL RECORD 



F. Bodkwalter. judge of the circuit court of tlie 
fifth judical district. 

M. J. Barger. circuit clerk. 

C. V. Guy, manager of \'enTiilion County .M)jtract 
Company. 

W. J. Callioun. inter .state commerce commissioner. 

C. M. Swallow, president of Glcnbiirn Coal Com- 
pany. 
"I concur in the above :" 

William P. Cannon, president Second National 
Bank. 
"So do I :" 

John C. Black, Manadnock Building, Chicago. 

J. B. Mann, Lawyer, Marquette Building, Chicago. 

Jacob W. VVilkins, one of the judges of the 
Supreme Court of Illinois. 

James Sloan, Sheriff. 

M. W. Thompson, county judge. 

L. D. Gass, casliier First Natinal Bank. 

M. J. Wolford, cashier Palmer National Bank. 

Jolin G. Thompson, assistant attorney general of 

I Washington. D. C. 

On the lotli of December, 1863, in Dan- 
ville, Mf. Davis marfied Charlotte E. 
Baker, who \vas horn in Fort Kent. Essex 
county, Xew "^'ork. October 22, 1843. ^^^ 
father, J. R. Baker, was a native of Eng- 
land and in New York was married to Mar- 
garette Frazier, a native of Fort Kent, New 
York, In the year 1850 they came to the 
west and after ten years located in Danville, 
where Mr. Baker was engaged in the boot 
and shoe business until his death, which 
occurred in 1881, His wife survived him 
until 1888. In politics he was a Democrat. 
Mrs. Davis had three brothers. Unto our 
subject and his wife have been born three 
children : Charles E., who died at the age 
of eighteen years; Edwilda F.. the wife 
of Walker F. Rabb, a resident of Engle- 
wood, Illinois, by whom she has one 
child. Ina. and Harry W,. who married 
Clara Shultz. who died in 1894. since which 
time he has wedded Lena Burroughs. 
They reside in Danville and ha\e two chil- 
dren, Charles E, and James A. 



In his political views Mr, Davis is a 
Rei)ubhc;in but has always refusetl to be- 
come a candidate for oftice. He was 
formerly a member of the Odd I'ellows So- 
ciety and he belongs to the Christian church. 
He owns property in Dan\ille and has an 
office in the Daniels Building, where he con- 
ducts a good real estate business. 



C. H. GILLESPIE. 



C. H, Gillespie is thoroughly familiar 
with the builder's art and through a number 
of years has been closely associated with the 
building interests of Danville where many 
line structures have arisen as monuments to 
his skill and enterprise. He was born in 
Detroit, ^Michigan, November 21, 1849, '""'^ 
father being William G, Gillesi)ie, who was 
born in the Shenandoah Valley of Pennsyl- 
vania, In Michigan he was united in mar- 
riage to Eliza Swan and in order to i)rovide 
for his family he followed agricultural pur- 
suits. They became the parents of five chil- 
dren, all of whom are yet living, namely 
C. LI., Lo\ell, I'rank, Ba.xter and Grace. The 
last named is now making her home with her 
mother in Birmingham, Michigan. The 
father is deceased, having departed this life 
in 1887. 

.\t the usual age C. H. Gillespie entered 
the public schools and thus he acquired his 
education. In the periods of vacation he 
worked upon his father's farm, becoming 
familiar with the labors of field and meadow, 
FIc was thus emplyed until twenty-one years 
of age when he abandoned the i)low for the 
saw and plane. He mastered carpentry work 
in Michigan and in 1875 '^^ came to Dan 
ville, where two days later he secured a posi- 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



429 



tiun in the coach department of tlie Chicago 
& Eastern lUinois Raih"oad Company. Tliere 
lie was employed for four }-ears and ter. 
mcjnths, giving excellent satisfaction. On 
lea\ing that service he worked for two years 
as a journeyman carpenter and then began 
general contracting and building which ho 
has since followed with signal success. He 
has erected many of Danville's sul)stantial 
and attractive residences and business 
houses. He built the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association block, the Germantowri 
school building, the Hendricks flats and the 
Gimbell store building, together with many 
others. In tact he has enjoyed a liberal 
share of the patronage in his line in Dan- 
ville. For two years he was associated with 
a partner, but throughout the remainder of 
the period since Ijeginning business on his 
own account he has been alone. During the 
past few years his work has been conifnefl 
chiefly to this city and he has executed man) 
important contracts which indicate his aliil 
ity in the line of his chosen occupation. He 
is most trustworthy and reputable in busi- 
ness afifairs and this, combined with his me- 
chanical skill, enables him to enjoy in a large 
measure the support and confidence of the 
public. 

Mr. Gillespie is a member of the Knights 
of the Globe. His political support is given 
the Republican party and he was solicited 
to become a candidate for alderman from 
his ward but refused to do so, having no 
political ambitions, being content to devote 
his entire time and attention to his business 
affairs wdiich are now extensive and impor- 
tant, so that he employs from ten to twenty 
men during the building season. He 
erected his own home at the corner of Hazel 
and Davis streets and has other city prop- 



ert}- \alued at about twenty thousand dol- 
lars. 

In 1876, in Dan\-ille, occurred the mar- 
riage of Mr. Gillespie and Miss Delilah 
Clutter, who vras born in \'ermilion county 
I'ebruary 2, 1856. Her father died during 
her childhood and her mother now resides 
in Homer. She has one sister, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Morrison, who lives near Homer. Four 
sons ha\-e been born unto our subject and his 
wife. Lovell married Ici Dora Cass, and is 
acting as foreman for his father. He was 
with Battery A from Danville, under Captain 
Yeager, of this place, with the command of 
General Miles, in Porto Rico ; William, the 
second son, is also in his father's employ; 
Dane lives at home; and Harry, the young- 
est son. is in the Indian Territory and will 
probably become a rancher. In analyzing 
the life work of Mr. Gillespie it will be found 
that his history is one which will bear the 
closest scrutin}', for his entire career has been 
colored by straightforwanl dealing with his 
fellow men. Courteous, genial, well in- 
formed, alert and enterprising, he stands 
to-day among the leading representative men 
of his citv. 



TILGHMAN A. BRATTON. 

Through almost forty-six years Tilgh- 
man A. Bratton has been a resident of Ver- 
million county and to-day is one of the suc- 
cessful and enterprising farmers of Ross 
township where he owns one hundred and 
sixty-four acres of good land. He is a na- 
tive of the neighboring state of Indiana, his 
birtli having occurred near Waynetown, in 
Montgomery county, September 4, 1849. 
His father, Charles S. Bratton. was born in 



43" 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



Montgomery count}', in i8j8. while the 
grandfatlier of our sul)ject, Archer Bratton, 
was a native of Kentucky. The great-great- 
grandfather was born in Ireland and on 
leaving that country crossed the Atlantic 
to the new world Ijecoming one of the i)io- 
neer settlers of the Blue (irass state. Archer 
r>ratton grew to manhood in that state and 
was there married, after which he remcivcd 
to Indiana, becoming one of the first settlers 
of Montgomery county. There he cleared 
away the trees from a tract of land, turned 
the furrows in liis fields, planted the crops 
and in course of time reaped good har\-ests. 
Upon the farm whicli he developed he reared 
his family, including Charles S. Bratton. 
The latter after arriving at years of matm-- 
itv wedded Sarah .\rniontrout, born near 
\\'avnet(nvn, Indiana. They began their d()- 
mestic life upon the Shawnee prairie and 
while living there Mrs. Bratton died, leaving 
two children, Tilgliman and Mrs. Eliza Jane 
Hamilton, who is now a widow living in" 
Vermilion county, Illinois. After the death 
of his first wife the father married again and 
aljuut 1856 came to this state, purchasing 
land in what is now known as Butler town- 
shi]), \'ermilion county. He entered a tract 
of three hundreil and twenty acres which he 
1)roke and improved. Later lie sold one hun- 
dred and sixty acres and on the remaining 
([uarter section placed substantial improve- 
ments and developed a fine farm, rearing 
his family there. In 1888 he removed to 
Rossville, purchased projjerty in the town 
and spent his last years there in honorable 
retirement from l;ibor, passing away in Au- 
gust, 1892. His second wife still survives 
him and makes her home with the subject of 
this re\-iew. 

On the old home farm Tilghman A. 
Bratton was reared. His school ])rivileges 



were limited and he is almost entirely self- 
educated, but he has greatly broadened his 
knowledge since arriving at years of matur- 
ity. He remained with his father antl car- 
ried on the home place until 1888. His 
father then removed to the town and our 
sul)ject continued to operate the home farm 
until i8<)3. The following year he came to 
Rossville and in lyoi he purchased the farm 
in Iv iss lownsliip which he now owns and to 
the cultixation of which he dev(jtes his ener- 
gies. 

In 1870, in Iiutler township, .Mr. Bratton 
was united in marriage to Maria Biddle, who 
was born in Montgomery county, Indiana, 
and is a daughter of Stephen Biddle, who 
removed to P'orter and afterwarel to Jasper, 
Indiana, and about 1861 c;une to \'ermilii)n 
countv, Illinois, where Mrs. Bratton spent 
the greater part of her girlhood. I'>y her 
marriage she became the mother of two 
children, but Lennie died in 1890 at the age 
of eighteen years. The son, Charles S., is 
still \\ith his parents. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
lirattcin are devout members of Rossville 
Christian church in which he is serving as 
an elder and trustee, and in the work of the 
church they take an active and deep inter- 
est. I'lilitically he is independent, casting his 
ballot in support of the candidates whom he 
regarils best cpialified for office and of the 
measiu'es which be thinks will most largely 
serve the genera! good. He is a friend of 
the cause of education, believes in having 
good schools and cm])lo\'ing competent 
teachers, and for ;i (|uarl(.'r nf a centnr\- he 
has done effective service in this regard by 
serving as a member of the school board. 
He has been on the tciwn school board 
for seven vears and used bis intluence to se- 
cure the present substantial school build- 
ings of which Rossville has everv reason to 




MR. AND MRS. JAMES H. DICE. 



THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



433 



be prond. During his long residence in 
Vermilion county he has become widely and 
fax'orably known. The traveler of to-day 
looking upon the cities with their pulsing- 
industrial and commercial activity and upon 
the fine farms of Vermillion count}^ can 
scarcely realize that within the memory of 
Mr. Bratton this district of the state was 
largely' a wild and unimproved region 
crossed with sloughs, while much of the 
land therefore was swampy. He has seen 
deer and wolves in the county and has rid- 
den for miles over the wild prairie unim- 
peded by a fence, i)ut there came to this 
region a class of people with resolute spirit 
and progressive ideas and through their 
efforts Vermilion county has been splendidlv 
developed, Mr. Bratton bearing his share 
in all the work of improveiuent. 



JAMES H. DICE. 

James H. Dice, the well known pvn- 
prietor of the South Side Jersey farm and 
one of the leading business men of Hoopes- 
ton, is a native of the neighboring state 
of Indiana, his birth having occurred in 
Fountain county on the loth of January, 
1862. His parents, George and Catherine 
(Workman) Dice, were also born in that 
county, the former in 1833 and the latter 
in 1843. Throughout his acti\'e lousiness 
life the father has engaged in agricultural 
pursuits and still owns and operates a fine 
farm of two htindred acres in his native 
county. In his family were twelve chil- 
dren, nine of whom are still living, namely: 
James H., of this review; Frank, a resident 
of Grant township, Vermilion county, Illi- 
nois : Carrie, wife of Dr. Savior, of Coving- 
ton, Indiana: Ah'essa, wife of Frank Good- 



win, also of Grant township: Amanda, wife 
of Walter Harris, of Fountain county. In- 
diana ; Winifred, wife of ;\lr. Crooks, a 
school teacher of \''ermilion county, Illi- 
nois: Josie, a singer of much ability who 
is now with a traveling evangelist; and 
Katie and Clifford, both at home. 

James H. Dice, whose name introduces 
this sketch, grew to manhood in Van Buren 
township. Fountain county, Indiana, and is 
indebted to the puhlic schools of the local- 
ity for his educational privileges. As soon 
as old enough to be of any assistance he 
commenced to aid in the work of the home 
farm and continued to give his father the 
benefit of his lalx)rs until his marriage. 

It was on the 18th of December, 1887, 
that Mr. Dice \\edded Miss Kittie B. Ray. 
who was also born in Fountain county, In- 
diana, November 20, 1867, a daughter of 
W. L. and Mary Jane (Carpenter) Ray. 
Her father is still living and makes his 
home in Lafayette, Indiana, but her mother 
is now deceased. She has three sisters, 
namely : Victoria, wife of Henry Bushing, 
of Denver. Colorado: Julia, wife of W. D. 
Coffing, of Stone Bluff", Indiana ; and Cretie, 
wife of Harry Dice, of Hoopeston. Our 
subject and his wife have three children: 
Glen Lloyd, Chauncey and Marie. 

In 1888 Mr. Dice came to Vermilion 
county and has since made his home in 
Grant township, living upon rented land for 
twelve years. In the meantime he purchased 
a farm of one hundred acres near Roval 
Center, Indiana, which he sold three years 
later and then bought a tract of two hun- 
dred and twenty acres southwest of Hoopes- 
ton, which he held for two years. In Sep- 
tember, 1900, he purchased his present 
farm, then consisting of fifty-two acres ad- 
joining the corporation on the south, on 



454 



Till-: JilOGRAPllICAL RECORD 



which was a good residence costing fort\- 
iive hundred dollars. He has since platted 
fifteen acres oi this tract, dividing it into 
forty-five lots facing Second avenue and 
Orange street, which he subsequently traded 
for a farm of two hundred and forty 
acres near l-iochester. Indi;uia, S(j that 
he now has about thirty-seven acres of 
the original purchase, which he has fitted 
lip for dairy purposes, and now gives his 
entire time and attention to that business. 
He has a fine herd of t\venty-se\en Jersey 
cows and finds a ready market for his milk 
and cream in Hoopeston. In May, 1900, 
Mr. Dice purchased a half interest in a brick 
and tile factory south of the town, co\'ering 
ten acres, and operated it in connection with. 
E. A. Smith for about a year, when his 
partner sold out to Peter Anderson. I'lie 
works were burned, howe\'er. on the 26tli 
of May, 1901, and tlie following July ^Ir. 
Dice traded his interest in the land on the 
proi^erty near Ivochcstcr, Indiana. ])re\ious- 
ly referred to. Since that time he has