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Full text of "Paxton's botanical dictionary; comprising the names, history, and culture of all plants known in Britain; with a full explanation of technical terms"

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In THE 
BIOJ^GICAL LABORATORY^ 




"^ JAXTON'S 

BOTANICAL DICTIONARY 



COMPRISING THE 



! NAMES, HISTORY, AND CULTURE OF ALL PLANTS 
i KNOWN IN BRITAIN; 



W&i, a M (ktpssim nf f tc^l ferms. 



NEW EDITION 

INCLUDING ALL THE NEW PLANTS UP TO THE PRESENT YEAR. 

SEYISED Am) COBBECTED 

BY SAMUEL HEREMAN, 

•ECBBTABT FOB HBARLT FORTT TIABS TO THV LATB BIB JO0BPH PAZTON. 



LONDON: 
BRADBURY, EVANS, & CO., BOUVERIE STREET, E.G. 

1868. 






BOUND APR 23 1913 

'6A, Dici 



LONDON: 
■KAUrfURY, BVANS, AND CO., PRINTBKS, WHITBPXIARS. 



PREFACE. 



The Editor of the present edition wishes to add to what is stated in the 
original Preface as- to the objects, purpose, and usefulness of the Botanical 
DicnoNART, that the rapid and extensive sale of all former issues has 
confirmed the opinion expressed by the originator of the work, that his 
little volume just met the wants and wishes of the botanical and horti- 
cultural world. 

It was on this account that the late Sir Joseph Paxton "contemplated 
the publication of a revised edition, and although prevented by illness from 
completing his intention, he was yet able to plan and arrange the whole, 
and to examine the earlier portion of the printed matter, as it issued from 
the press ; and before his death, to entrust the completion of the work to the 
present writer, who, for nearly forty years, had laboured under his direction 
in most of his literary undertakings. 

The alterations and additions to the present edition are numerous and 
important ; to the abbreviations is added another column, denoting the 
average height to which the species attain in their native countries, and 
under ordinary cultivation. 

The names of the natural orders throughout the work have undergone an 
entire revision ; and such alterations have been made as appeared consonant 
with the present advanced state of botanical knowledge f in this respect, the 
arrangement of Dr. Lindley, in his Vegetable Kingdom, has been principaUy 
followed, as being perhaps better known than any other in this country ; and 
certainly appreciated, if not adopted, in every land where botany is culti- 
vated and esteemed. 



v^ 



V, 



yiv PREFACE. 



The form of accentuation has also been changed and rendered as simple as 
possible, the sounds being indicated by a single mark instead of the long and 
short accents of the former editions. . The grave accent Q) shows that the 
vowel over which it is placed should be sounded long, as Fdgua, Jambdaa ; 
and the acute accent (') that the sound should be short, as Hdlcna, Jdtropha; 
in some instances, however, the classical accentuation has been made to peld 
to the popular pronunciation, of which an instance or two may be quoted. 
Lycop<5dium {classical), Lycop6dium (popular) ; Chenop<5dium (classical) 
Chenopddium (popular). The grave accent (^), then, indicates that the 
vowel over which it is placed is to be sounded by itself, while the acute 
accent (') denotes that the vowel is to be sounded in conjunction with the 
following consonant. 

The Editor has to acknowledge the courtesy of those botanists who have 
kindly furnished him with information on various points, and especially he 
would mention the valuable assistance rendered by Dr. Masters, who kindly 
undertook to look over the proof-sheets before they finally went to press. 

In conclusion, the Editor hopes that the present edition of the Botanical 
DiCTlONABY will be as favourably received by the public as any of the 
preceding issues; great care having been bestowed upon its revision, and 
much new and useful matter added, including the^names of several thousands 
of new plants, which have been introduced into this country during the last 
twenty years. 



Chatswoeth, 

May, 1868. 



PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 



When an author offers to the public a work, the greater part of the information 
contained in which is already available in detached fragments or other forms, his 
first duty is to exhibit the propriety of its publication ; and prove, beyond question, 
that he has been instigated to his task by no unworthy desire of fame, but by a 
distinct and ceitified persuasion of its demand and utility. 

Happily, in the present case, we are enabled to court scrutiny into our motives, 
being fully prepared to explain and justify them. During the numerous interviews 
enjoyed by us with the leading patrons of floriculture, the want of a pocket com- 
panion, such as that now furnished, has ever been especially and forcibly urged. 
There are, it is true, Catalogues, Encyclopeedias, Lexicons, and Cultural Directories^ 
all highly valuable in their respective spheres, and essential adjuncts to a gardener's 
or amateur's library : but they are too elaborate, verbose, technical, or uninteresting, 
to be readily and thoroughly appropriated ; the expense, also, of several is neces- 
sarily enormous, and beyond the means of the great majority of those who thirst 
after botanical and floricultural literature ; and no single one, much less a set, 
embracing all the subjects of this Dictionary, is conveniently portable, or can ever 
be carried, without discomfort, beyond the porch of the proprietor's domicile. 

Comprehensive compendiums, in which scientific and popular details are abridged, 
combined, and thus brought within the pecuniary reach as well as easy examination 
of those whose income and time are subjected to many other more pressing 
exactions, are highly commendable if attentively and clearly arranged ; but their 
nsefulness is in proportion to the precision and accuracy of the manner in which 
they are compiled. 

Thb Pookbt Botanical Diotionaey, then, has been prepared solely as an instant 
resource and standard of consultation ; and for this purpose will be found invaluable 
to the professors and lovers of horticulture, in all its branches and of every grade. 
Within its columns is compressed all the most important information relative to 
admired plants which its small size and avowed design would admit. With this in 
his pocket, the possessor or cultivator of plants may perambulate his own garden, 
visit those of his friends or public establishments, and attend floricultural exhibi- 
tions, in the frill assurance that if any particular object engage his attention, he may 
at once derive every fact of interest respecting both it and its congeners which is 
yet known in this country, and form an idea of the facility or difficulty, and con- 
sequent expense, attending its conservation. Such is, cursorily, the prime purport 
of this publication, and the aim of its author. To supersede the necessity for 



vi PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 



attaching the meaning of every specific appellation, and at the same time to afford 
the most ample means for acquiring a knowledge of all the phrases peculiar to the 
science, a voluminous glossary has been incorporated ; wherein, in addition to the 
more abstruse Latin terms, a number of ordinary words that are used botanically 
in a peculiar sense are fiilly explained. 

One inestimable quality of a popular synopsis of any sort, is the discreet abridg- 
ment of uninteresting matter, and detailed record of merely the most attractive 
particulars. On the judicious selection and proper apportionment of desirable 
intelligence, the value of a summary entirely rests. In this respect we have much 
to claim for the volume to which the present address is prefixed. On account of 
the extreme scarcity, or non-existence in Britain, of many plants, considerable 
perplexity has been experienced in assigning to each species its due share of honour. 
For this reason, if a few plants are unjustly elevated, and others improperly debased, 
some little allowance may fairly be expected. Those indigenous species which are 
ranked with the ornamental sorts, are not to be regarded as worthless because of 
their commonness, but may be cultivated with advantage in the more secluded and 
sylvan flower borders. 

To take a general glance at the arrangement and composition of this Dictionabt, 
it will be better to show more lucidly the intent and application of each separate 
point, and afterwards advert to the abbreviations. Compactness and facile porta- 
bility being the primary and principal elements of the design, condensation of the 
letter-press was an inevitable result. On this score, however, we have just grounds 
for eulogising our printers, ajs nothing can be more beautiful or perfect than the 
mechanical execution of the work ; while the objection that might attach to the 
minuteness of the type, is completely removed by its exceeding clearness. 

Under the head of each genus, besides the authority for its name, its origin, and 
position, both in the LinnsBan and Natural System, a concise outline is given of its 
most striking members, with adequate instructions for their cultivation, and obser- 
vations on their particular medicinal or useftil properties. In conformity to the 
principle of giving prominence to only the most interesting subjects, the worthless 
genera are passed over with a slight statement of their insignificance ; and to prevent 
repetition, reference is occasionally made to other genera for directions on treatment, 
when the habits of both closely correspond. For all the suggestions on culture, we 
hold ourselves, for the most part, responsible ; the notes in those instances where 
we have no personal cognizance being extracted from the best authors, with the 
usuM acknowledgments. Immediately succeeding the' above-named sketches, a list 
of specific synonymes is furnished, with figures of allusion affixed to each, and 
similar ones to the species they represent, by which the observer may instantly 
perceive what names are applied to the same plant, that in the last or descriptive 
text being always the most authentic. 

In the enumeration of genera and species, we are indebted chiefly to Mr. Geo. 
Don's Omeral System of Gardening and Botany^ Dr. Lindley's Introduction to the 
Natural System^ and Mr. Loudon's Arboretum et FruOceium Britannicum, comparing 
these with all other catalogues extant,— of which Lotidon's Hortua Britannicus is 
the principal and best, — and adopting such readings as are most obviously correct. 
We rely greatly on our own rigid research into these matters, haying been engaged 



PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. vii 



in it for several years, but still more so on a careful revision of both MSS. and 
printed proofs, undertaken by Dr. Lindley in the most disinterested and kind 
manner. Nevertheless, such is the typographical diminutiveness, that we cannot 
imi^ne but some errors have eluded us. Should it reach another edition, we shall 
have great pleasure in effecting any emendations which our correspondents or friends 
may discover and communicate. It will be manifest that two distinct courses have 
been followed with regard to the ornamental and trivial species. Possessing nothing 
to recommend them to notice, or to render the enrolment of their habits, native 
country, &c., at all desirable, we have arranged the latter in aggregated groups ; 
after their more interesting allies where these exist, and directly following the 
general remarks on those genera which comprise no ornamental species. On the 
description of each meritorious plant included in the columns opposite its appellation, 
we shall descant more largely, when considering the abbreviations. 

Respecting the number of scientific terms herein explained, we may be allowed 
to say that no other popular glossary contains such a copious collection. Their 
explication is in exact accordance with the views of the most learned botanists, 
merely being reduced to dimensions which best comport with simplicity and 
conciseness. 

Considering the immense field which this volume occupies, the accentuation of 
generic, specific, and all purely botanical names that are not Anglicised, must be 
regarded as a highly valuable characteristic. By the extreme perspicuity of the 
marks employed, their full and universal adaptation, and the fact that they were all 
supplied by the first botanist in England, (Dr. Lindley,) the botanic student or 
other assiduous examiner will here meet with a fund of accurate instruction in this 
particular, to which only the most laboured and extremely expensive publication 
can at all pretend. 

It might be assumed that the signs used are suflBciently common to require no 
comment ; but, for the benefit of the less informed, we shall just show the manner 
in which they apply. In the first place, the vowel in each word over which the 
primary accent occurs, sustains all the emphasis of the syllabic pronunciation, 
independently of the real nature of the sign. Further, the employment of the long 
quantity (") or the short quantity (") simply denotes that the vowel above which 
they are placed is to be sounded long and broadly, or short and abruptly. To. vary 
our expression, the short vowel is perpetually pronounced in conjunction with the 
next consonant, and the long one has its own distinct and final sound, as if the 
letter were doubled, but the voice rested on each. In all cases when the last 
syllable but one is marked long ("), the accent falls on that syllable ; and when 
the last syllable but one is marked short ("), the accent falls on the last syllable 
but two. Thus Romanils would be accented RomAnus, and tric6l6r would be 
accented tricolor, although the i on which the accent is placed is short. It is 
extremely important to bear this in mind. 

To reduce the work to the smallest practicable size, it has been found requisite 
to abridge the language conveying many of the details, and that this may be rightly 
comprehended, we shall now enter on its elucidation. First, the numerical figures 
which follow the recognised specific names in the general list, and such as precede 
the synonymes, have, as before hinted, a direct connection with each other. 



viii PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 



establishing the identity. Thus, in page 1, under the genus Acacia, the synonyme 
" 1. A. acicularis" is but another appellation for "A. Brownei 1," in the ensuing 
text ; " 2. Mimosa tortuosa," is synonymous with " A. Burmanniana 2 ; " and so on, 
in like manner, throughout the whole. Next, the authorities for the generic names 
are very often shortened, and a list of all those, with the country in which they rose 
to celebrity, will be subjoined. Again, the descriptiye peculiarities of species are 
classed in seven columns, in which the colours of the flowers, — the month during 
which they commonly blossom, — ^their habitude, whether sfi concerns the temperature 
they receive, their duration, or general nature, — ^their native climate, and the year 
in which they were first introduced to Britain, — are all duly registered. Where 
either or several of these circumstances ai-e omitted, it is to be inferred that they 
have not been accurately ascertained. In the case of Epiphytes, Palms, and Grasses, 
they are simply noted as such, since their habits are universally the same. All 
other trifling particulars are regularly and efficiently interpreted in the catalogue 
of abbreviations. 

Having thus specified the objects, classification, and utility of the work, we have 
only to commend it to the kind indulgence of the public, convinced that, whatever 
may be its failings — and in such an extensive compilation some defects must 
naturally be anticipated — they are neither glaring, momentous, nor, notwithstanding 
the smallness of the type, equal to those of any similar production. To the 
gardener, and all who cultivate or delight in acquainting themselves with plants, 
either for enrichment or amusement ; but emphatically to such persons as wish to 
study the nature and history of vegetation in the garden, where alone they can 
hope these features to be permanently impressed on the memory, the Botanical 
Pocket Dictionary has claims which nothing at present existing or likely to be 
issued can supplant or diminish. 



JOSEPH PAXTON. 



Chatswobth, 

Jvly, 1840. 



AUTHORITIES FOR GENERIC TITLES. 



Abel. A traveller in China, and author of a 

work on Chinese plants. 
Ach. for Jchariua. A Swedish botanist and student of 

Lichens. 
Adams, F. A Russian botanist and traTeUer in 

Siberia. 
Adanwn. A French traveller and botanist. 

A/uliuM. A professor in Sweden, and traveller In 

Sierra Leone. 
Agardh, A Swedish professor, bishop, and writer 

on Algaceous plants. 
AUon, The former manager of the Royal Kew 

Gardens. 
Alberiini. Author of some dlasertations on Ftuigi. 

Allioni. A botanist of Italy. 

Ammann. A Russian botanist 

Andenon, A London writer on Pseonies. 

Andr. for Andrtw*. An eminent English botanical artist. 
Andrtfjotuku A Russian botanist. 
Ard. for Arduini. An Italian botanist. 
AubUt. A Frenchman who traveUod in Ouiana. 

BalbU. A French i>rof essor of botany. 

Banen^. A physician resident in Jamaica. 

Bankt, A celebrated English traveller and pro- 

moter of science. 

Bora, for Barlling, A botanist of GSttingen. 

JJarton. Once a professor at Philadelphia. 

BcU. for Balard. A writer on the botany of France. 

BaUck, A writ«r on Fungi. 

BavkinfCatpar. A German botanist of the sixteenth 
century. 

Baumgarten. A botanist of TransyWania. 

Btauvoi* for Falisot de Beauvois. A French botanist and 
traveller in Africa. 

BelL for Bdlardi. An Italian botanist. 

BetUh. for Btntham, An English botanist, and formerlv 
secretary to the London Horticul- 
tural Society. 

BergiuM. A Swnde, and writer on Cape plants. 

Berkelqf, An English clergyman and writer on 

Fungi. 

BenUiardi. A botanist of Italy. 

Bertoloni. A writer on Italian plants. 

Bester. A professor in Russia. 

Biebtrtiein, A Russian botanist, and writer upon the 
plants of Caucasus. 

nivona. A Sicilian botanist. 

Blume. A Dutch botanist and traveller in Java. 

Boerhaave. A Dutch botanist and physician. 

BOhmer. A German writer on botany. 

Bois4. for Bowier. A Swiss botanist. 

Bojer. A botanist of the Mauritius. 

BoUon. An English writer on Fungi. 

Bonpland. A French traveller and botanisl 

BorlAauien. An examiner of t^o plants of Hesse 
Darmstadt. 

Bcrjf for Bwy de St. Vincent. A French botanist and 
traveller. 

So$e. A French botanist. 

Bot. Mag. tor Botanical Magazine. A periodical com- 
menced by Curtis, and afterwards 
"conducted by Sir William Hooker, 
and at present by Dr. Hooker. 

BoL Reg. tar Botanical Regieter. A botanical monthly 
periodical, commenced by Ker, and 
afterwards conducted by Dr. Lindley. 
BoL Rep. for Botanical Repository. A botanical perio- 
dical, formerly conducted by An- 
drews and others. 
Btmek. for Boucher. A writer on the French Flora. 
BndeL A German author on Mosses. 

BrignoU. A botanist of Verona. 

BrongMaii. A botanist of France. 



Bradey. An old English writer on Fungi. 

Brotero. A Portuguese botanist. 

Broms. for Broussonet. A French botanisl 

Browne, Patrick. An Irish botanist and writer on the 

plants of Jamaica. 
^roiMi, R. An English botanist and traveller in New 

Holland. 
Bulliard. A prauchmau. and investigator of Fungi. 

Burmann. A Dut«h writer un botany, and patron of 

Linnaeus. 

Ccesalp. for Ocetalpinvs. An Italian botanist. 

Cttrmiekael. A Scotch botanist. 

Cassini, H. A French writer on Composite plants. 

CavanUles. A botanist at Madrid. 

Cltamino. A German traveller and botanist. 

Ckoisy. A botanist of Switaerland. 

Clus. for Chi^us. An old French botanist. 

CoUbrook. An English writer on the Flora of India. 

CoUadonj J. P. A botanist of Geneva. 

Commelin. A botanist of Holland. 

Commereon. A French traveller and botanist. 

Corda. A German botanist. 

Gtrrea for Corrra de Strra. A Portuguese botanist, dip- 
lomatist, and writer on botanical 
subjects. 

CyuUer. An Irish physician and traveller in 

Mexico. 

Crantt. An Austrian botanist 

Ounn. A. for A. Cunningham. A British collector for the 
Kew Gardens. 

Oaxson. A Swiss observer of Umbellifem. 

Cyrilli. An Italian botanist 

Dec. for Deccmdolle. Father, son, and grandson, eminent 
botanists, of Geneva. 

Dtlile. A French professor and traveller. 

Denfon. for Detfontaine: A French traveller and botanist 
in Algiora. 

Besmaxiires. A botanist of France. 

Detvaux. A French botanist 

Dickson. An English examiner of Cryptogumia. 

Ditlenius. A German writer on Hotiny, especially 

Mosses, settled in England and was 
gardener to Sherard, at Eltham. 

Dillfpyn. An English investigator of Conferva). 

DUtmarr. A botanist of Holland. 

Dombey. A French traveller in S. America. 

Don^ D. Formerly librarian to the Linna^on So- 

ciety and botanist 

Don^ O. An English botanist and traveller. 

Douglas. A collector of plants in North America 

for the Horticultural Society of London. 

Bryander. A Swedish Ixttanist, and long librarian 

to Sir Jos*^ ph Banks. 

Dufr. tor Dufresne. A French writer on Valerians. 

Duh tor DuhaineL A French physiological botanist 

Dumont for Dumnnt Courset. A French gardening author. 

DunaL A French botanist 

Duroi. A German writer upon plants. 

Duval. A French professor of botany. 

B. Botany for Buglieh Botany. A periodical containing 
coloured iiffures uf British plants by 
Sowerby, Sir J. K Smith, and othen. 

ShHiart. A botanist of Germany. 

EUiot. An American botanist who wrote on the 

plants of Carolina. 

Bllis. An English writer on marine plants. 

BndlicKer. A German botanist 

Eeper. A German writer on Fungi. 

EUlinger. A German writer on Salvia. 

FensL An Austrian botanist 

FeuiXU. A French Jesuit who wrote on the plants 

ofChilL 



AUTHORITIES FOR GENERIC TITLES. 



FUeher. A RuBSian botanist, and director of the 

Botanical Qardon, St. Peteraburgh. 
Flora Peru, for Flora Peruviana. A work on the plants 

of Chili and Peru by Ruiz and 

Pavon, two Spanish botanists. 
Fluggt. A German writer on Qrasses. 

For»kahl. A Danish naturalist who travelled in 

Arabia. 
Fortter. A traveller in the South Pacific Ocean. 

Foufferoux, for Fougermix de Bond^roxa. A French bota- 
nist of the last century. 
Frin. A writer on Fung^i in Sweden. 

Froeiieh. A German writer upon Qentiana. 

Punek. A German CTyptogamlc botanist. ' 

Ocertner. A German writer on the structure of 

fniit and seeds. 
Oaudieh. for Gaudiehaud. A French botanist and voyager. 
out. (or OillUi, A Scotch botanist. 
Oinffin*. A French botanist 

Omdin. A Russian botanist and traveller in 

Siberia. 
Oraiffltr. An English writer on Herbaceous plants. 

OraJianit Dr. Formerly regius Professor of Botany at 

Edinburgh. 
OrevilU. An English author on Cryptogamic 

botany. 
Oronoviu*. A Dutch botanist. 

Holler. A botanist and physician of Switserland. 

Hamilton. A Scotch botanist and Indian traveler, 

sometimes called Buchanan. 
Harvey. A writer on Cryptogamic and Cape 

plants. 
Havcrih. An English writer on succulent plants. 

Hedwiff. A German writer on Cryptogamic plants. 

HeniUno. A Professor of botany at Cambridge. 

Heitter. A German botanist 

Herbert. An English writer on Amaryllidoceous 

plants. 
Hxlairtf A. de St. A French botanist and traveller in Brazil. 
HiU. An English botanical writer. 

Ho^^nann. A German botanical author. 

HoltMkiold. A Danish botanist 
Hooker. Father and son, distinguished English 

botanists. 
Homemann. A Danish botanist 
Hort. Kew. for Hortu» Keteenti*. A catalogue of the pbmts 

in the Royal Kew Gardens. 
HoU, An Austrian botanical writer. 

HtuUon. An investigator of British plants. 

Humboldt and Bonpland. Botanists and travellers in 

America^ Ac. 

Jack. An English writer on the plants of the 

Indian Archipelago. 
Jackion. An English botanist. 

Jaeq. for Jo/cqain. An Austrian botanist 
Juuieu. A French systematical botanist. 

Kampfer. A traveller In Japan. 

Kalm. A Swedish pupil of Linnieus who tra- 

velled in N. America. 

KanlfuM. A German writer upon Ferns. 

Ker. A describer of plants in Bot Reg. 

Kitaibel. A Hungarian botanist. 

Knowlei and Wettcott. Editors of the Floral Cabinet. 

Koch. A professor of botany at Erlangen. 

Koenig. A German naturalist who traveUed in the 

East Indies. 

Kunth. A Prussian botanist who assisted in the 

arrangement and publication of the 
plants found in America by Humboldt 
and Bonpland. 

Kunu. A German writer upon minute Crypto- 

gamic plants. 

LaJbittar. for Labillardiire. A French botanist, and tra- 
veller in Syria, New Holland, &c. 

Loffosea. A botanist of Spain. 

La Have. A Mexican botanist 

Lamarck. A French naturalist who wrote laiigely 

upon botany about the end of the 
eiightoenth century. 

LavAeri^ A. B. An English patron of botany. 

Lamoroux. A French writer upon marine plants. 

La PeyrowK. A French writer on the plants of the 
Pyreneen. 

Laxmann. A German botanical writer. 



Ledebour. A botanist and traveller. 

Lehmann. A German botanist, and formerly di- 

rector of the Botanical Garden of 
Hamburgh. 

VHerit. for VHMHer. A French botanist 

Lindley. Late Professor of botany in University 

College, London. 

lAnk. A botanist of Prusisia. 

Linn, for Unnanu. The great Swedish naturalist 

Hex. for Uexana. A Mexica^ botanist 

Loddigei. Celebrated nurserymen. 

Louel. An old Prussian botanist 

Lo^ng. A Swedish traveller and botanist 

Loudeur Dealongchampt. A French botanist. 

Loureiro. A Portuguese monk who wrote ou the 

plants of Cochinchina. 

Lyntr&ye. A Danish writer on submarine Crypto- 

gamic plants. 

Marcgraa v. One of the early naturalists who explored 
Braail. 

MttHiut. A Bavarian naturalist and traveller in 

Braxil. 

Mayer. Several German botanists. 

Medicu*. A German botanist 

Herat. A French writer on the flowers of Paris 

Meyer. A botanist of Germany. 

Mieh. for MitJuittx. A French botanist who wrote on the 
plants of North America. 

MicMi. A Florentine microscopical botanist 

jlfutan. A German author on the Brazilian Flora. 

Miller. One of the ablest scientific English gar- 

den botanists. 

Mirbel. A French physiological botanist 

Moench. A German systematical botanist. 

Mohring. A writer on Cr>'ptogamia in Germany. 

JIfoItiui. An Italian natunilist who wrote upon the 

flowers of ChiU. 

Mougeot. A Cryptogamic botanist 

Muhlenberg. A North American botanist. 

Murray. A German botanist 

Mutit. A Spanish botanist and correspondent of 

Linnaeus. 

Necker. A German botanical writer. 

Heet. A German botanist and professor. 

Noronha. A Spaiiish botanist who visited Uie Philip- 

pines. 

NtdtalL An American traveller and botanist. 

Ortega. A botanist of Spain. 

Otth. A French botanical writer. 

Pali§ot dt Beauvois. A French botanist and traveller in 

Africa. 
Pamer. A German botanist 

PavoA. One of the authors of the Spanish Flora 

Peruviana. 
Pox. for Sir J. Paxton. A great lover and promoter of 

botany. 
Pen. for Penoon. A French botanist 
Pliny. An ancient naturalist. 

Piumier. A French botanist and traveller in the 

West Indies. 
Pohl. A botanist of Germany who travelled in 

Brazil. 
Pbiieau. A French artist and botanist. 

Pappig tuad Rullieher. German botanists, the former a 

traveller in South America. 
Pre$L A German systematical botanist 

Purtk. A Prussian gardener who wrote a Flora 

of North America. 
Raddi. An Italian Cryptogamic botanist 

Ralln. for Bnjlnesque. A North American botanical writer. 
RaMond. A French botanist who wrote concerning 

the flowers of the Pyrenees. 
Jtcidk. for JUiehardt. A German botanist 
Reichenbach. A botanist of Germany. 
Reinwardt. A botanist of Frankfort 
RetM. A German botanist who wrote on the 

flowers of Scandinavia. 
Rkeede, A Dutch gentleman under whose orders 

the Hortus Malabarious was pub- 
lished. 
Rich, for Richard. A French botanist and traveller in 

Demerars. 
Rivinui. A Gorman botanist 

AfbiL for RobUlard. A French botanist 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



XI 



Rochel Saperintendent of the garden at Pesth. 

Bolander. A botanist of Sweden. 

R6m«r and SekuLUt. Qetinan botanists, and editors of the 
Systema Yegotabilium of Ldnnwus. 

Rotcoe. An English botxuiical author. 

JKof A. A German writer on botany. 

JMtbikl A Danish botanist. 

Rox, for Roxburgh. A botanist of India, formerly in 
charge of the botanic garden, Cal- 
cutta. 

JZoym. A Dutch botanist 

Royle. An Indian Botanist. 

Atidffe. An English botanical amateur. 

Rvdolph. A German botanist 

Mwz and Pawn. Authors of Flora Peruviana. 

JZumjaAiuj: A botanist, author of the Herbarium 
Amboinense. 

8alU. for Saluhwty. An English botanist. 

Balm D^ch for the Prince itf Salni Djfde. An illustrious 

German amateur. 
Savi. A botanist of Italy. 

Sehkahr. A German writer on grasses. 

Sekltch. for SekkelaendahL A German botanist 
Schmi^. A Bohemian botanist 

Sekeuib. for SehauAoe. A Danish consul at Tangiers, 
author of a work on Morocco plants. 

A German botanist. 

A Bavarian botanist 

A botanist of Germany. 

A German botanist. 



Sehradcr. 

Sehrank. 

Sekreber. 

SehvlU. 

Sehvmacher. 

ScopolL 



A Danish botanist who described numy 

Sierra Leone plants. 
A botanist of Italy who wrote on the 

flowers of Camiola. 
Serinfit. A French botanist 

SitViorp. An English traveller in Greece, and 

botanist 
Shtu. An English garden botanist. 

Smith, Sir J. B. An English botanist, founder of the Lin- 

Diean Society. 
Solandtr. A botHnlst of Sweden who sidled round 

the world with Banks and Cook. 



SonntrtU. 
Spach. 

Sparmann. 

Spttnotl, 

Staekhouu. 

Sternberg. 

Steven, 

St. Uilaire. 

Swartz. 



A French traveller in the East Indies. . 
A French botanist, writer in the Annales 

des Sciences Naturelles. 
A Swedish traveller at the Cape of Good 

Hope. 
A German botanist and antiquary. 
An English writer on marine plants. 
A noble botanist of Germany. 
A Russian botanist 
A FrencJi botanist 
A Swedish botanist who visited the West 

Indies, and published an account of 

the native plants. 
An English garden botanist 

TTiouari for Du Petit Thcuar: A French physiologist and 
traveller in Madagascar. 

Thun. for Thwnberg. A Swedish botanist and traveller. 

Tode. A German author on Fmigi. 

Toufnefort. An ancient French traveller and botanist 

TrenUpohl. A botanist of Germany. 

Trinitu. A Russian writer on Graminen. 

Turjrin. A French botanist and draughtsman. 

Turra. A botanist of Italy. 

Vahl. A Danish botanical author. 

VaiUarU. A French traveller and botanist 

Vandelli. A botanist of Portugal who wrote on the 

plants of BradL 

Vaueh. for Vaueher. A Swiss writer on Conf ervie. 

VHloto. A Brazilian botanist 

Ventetutt. A French garden botanist 

ViUan. A botanist of France who wrote on the 

plants of Dauphiny. 

Wahlenbei'g. A German botanist 

Waliieh. Formerly Superintendent'of the Calcutta 

botanic oarden. 
Walter. A vniter on the plants of Carolina. 

Weber. A German Cryptocramic botanist 

Wendland. A Gennan garden botanist 
WiUd. for WiUdmov. A Prussian botanical writer. 



Zea. 

Zuecarini. 



A botanist of Spain. 

A distinguishea botanist 



ABBBEVIATIONS. 



FIRST COLUMN. 



COL0UB8 OF THX FLOWCBS. 




destitute of conspicuous petals. 

blush. 

blood-coloured. 

black or blackish. 

blue or bluish. 

brick red. 

brown. 

brownish. 

bright 

carmine-coloured. 

crimson. 

dark. 

green. 

greenish. 

liffht 

lilac-eoloured. 

orange-coloured. 

pale. 

pink. 

pinUsh. 

purple. 

purplish. 

rich purple. 

reddish. 

rose-coloured. 

saffron-coloured. 



scar. scr. 
spo t 
scrip, 
variefi 



vio. . 

wht w. whtsh. 
yel. . . . 
yelsh. yah. . 



salmon-coloured. 

scarlet. 

spotted. 

striped. 

variegated. 

vermilion-coloured. 

violet-coloured. 

white or whitish. 

yellow. 

yellowish. 



SECOND COLUMN. 



PKEiOD OF FLowxaiiro. 

1 January. 

8. . . . . Fefaraaiy. 

S March. 

4 ApriL 

6 Ifiiy. 

6 June. 

7 July. 

8 August 

9 September. 

10 October. 

11 November. 

12 December. 



Xll 



ABBREVIATIONS, 



THIRD COLUMN. 

TSMPERATCRS RBQUIRXD. 

F Frame plant 

G Oreonhouse plant. 

H Hardy plant. 

8 Stove plant. 



FOURTH COLUMN. 

BABITUBE. 

Aq Aquatic. 

BL . . . . Bulbous. 

CL .... aimbiDg. 

Cr. Creeping. 

Be Deciduous. 

Epi. Epiphy. . . . Epiphyte. 

Bv Eveivreen. 

Fu. Fusiiorm-rooted. 

Her Herbaceous. 

Ter. Terrestrial. 

Tr. . . . . Trailing. 

Tu Tuberous-rooted. 

Tw. . , . . Twining. 



A. 

B. 

Bl. . 
CL 

Cr. . 
P. 

8. . 
T. . 
Tr. . 
Tu. 


• 







FIFTH COLUMN. 



HABIT AND DURATION. 



Annual. 

Biennial. 

Bulbous plant. 

Climber. 

Creeper. 

Perennial 

Shrub. 

Tree. 

Trailing plant. 

Tuberous-rooted plant. 



SIXTH COLUMN. 



HCIOHr IN FEET. 



^ indicates 

1 
floa „ 



Adriat Is. 
Alp. Bur. 
Amer. hyb. 

A. Minor 
Apenn. 
Archipel 
Asiatic G. 
Austral 
Boff. B. 
Barba. 

B. Ayres 
Calif om. 
Cappodoc. 
Carthag. . 
Casp. Sea 



1 inch, 
li inch. 

2 inches. 

8 inches. 
4 inches. 
6 inches. 

9 inches. 

foot and upwards, 
floating. 



SEVENTH COLUMN. 

NATIVE OOIWTRV. 



Adriatic Islands. 
European Alps. 
American hybrid. 
Asia Minor. 
Apennines. 
Grecian Archipelago. 
Asiatic Gulf. 
Australia. 
Baffin's Bay. 
Barbory. 
Buenos Ayres. 
California. 
Cappadocia. 
Carthageno. 
Caspian Sea. 



Casp. Sho. 

Cai-pa. Mo. 

C. Q. H. . 

Cherson. 

Coromand 

Cordill 

E. Ind. . 

Eng. hyb. 

Fidk. I& . 

Ft Vancou. 

Quayaq. . 

Huds. B. 

I. France 

I. Skye 

Kamtsch. 

K. Geo.'s 8d. 

Louisia. . 

Madagas. 

Magell. . 

Maran. 

Martiniq. 

Mediterr. 

MontpeL . 

Moreton B. 

Mosambi. 

M. Video 

N. Africa 

N. Amer. 

N. Caledon. 

N. Eur. 

NewfoundL 

N. Grenada 

N. HoL . 

N. Patng. 

N. Spain . 

N. 8. W. 

N. Zeal. . 

Oi-gan Mts. 

Pennsyl. . 

PhiUdeL 

Rio Jan. . 

S. Amer. 

San. CrujB. 

Scandin. 

8. Austral 

S. Carol. 

8. Eur. . 

8. France 

8. Leone 

St Domin. 

St Vine. 

8. Sea Is. 

Swits. 

8w. River, Swnn 

Tranqueb. 

Valpar. . 

orV. 



Ipar. 
V. D. L. 
W. Ind. 
W. Ind. Is. 



Die 



Caspian Shores. 

Carpathian Mountains. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

ChersonesuB. 

Coromandel. 

Cordilleraa 

East Indies. 

English hybrid. 

Falkland Islands. 

Fort Vancouver. 

Guayaquil. 

Hudson's Bay. 

Isle of France. 

Isle of Skye. 

Kamtachatka. 

King George's Sound. 

LouXaiana. 

Madagascar. 

Magellan. 

Maranha. 

Martinique. 

Mediterranean I-slands. 

Montpelier. 

Moreton Bay. 

Mosambique. 

Monte Video. 

North Afrioa. 

North America. 

New Caledonia. 

North Europe. 

Newfoundland. 

New Grenada. 

New Holland. 

North Patagonia. 

New Spain. 

New South Wales. 

New Zealand. 

Organ Mountains. 

Pennsylvania. 

Philadelphia. 

Rio Janeiro. 

South America. 

Santa Cnu. 

Scandinavia. 

South Australia. 

South Carolina. 

South Europe. 

South France. 

Sierra Leone. 

St. Domingo. 

St Vincent 

South Sea Islanda. 

Switserlond. 

Swan River. 

Tranquebar. 

Valparaiso. 

Van Diemen's Land. 

West Indies. 

West India Islanda. 



EIGHTH COLUMN. 



TEAR or INTRODUCTION OP EXOTICS, AND LOCALITIF» 
OF NATIVE SPECIES. 



Co. fie. 










. Com fields. 


DrypL . 




. . Dry places. 


Dit 










. Ditches. 


Gard. 










. Gardens. 


Heo. . 










. Heaths. 


Hed. 
Mar. . 










. Hedges. 
. Marshes. 


Mea. 










. Meadows. 


Mts. . 










. Mountains. 


Past 










. Pastures. 


Roa.sl. 










. Road-sides. 


Rubb. 










. Rubbish. 


Seash. 










. Sea-shore. 


Sha.pL 










. Shady places. 
. Thickets. 


Thick. . 










Wast 










. Waste places. 



BOTANICAL DICTIONAEY. 



ABB 



ACA 



ABELE TBEE. See POpulua dlba, 
ABkUA, Brovm. Named in honour of Dr. 
C. Abel, physician to the Embassy to China 
under Lord Amherst. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. CaprifolidcecB. Pretty flowering shrubs, 
desirable as greenhouse plants or for turning 
into the flower borders during summer. They 
merely require the ordinary treatment of green- 
house plants, and are easily increased by cut- 
tings. Synonymes : 1, Vesdlea fiorib&nda^ V, 
hirta; 2, Abilia UrrcUa. 

florlbfindal. Red 3, O. Ev. 8. 8 Xexioo . 184S 

rupdstris . . Ro. wht 9, G. Ev. 8. S China . 1844 
trifl6r» . . Ptt.redw.«, G. Ev. 8. 4 B. Ind. . 1847 
unifldra 9 . Feae red S, G. Et. 8. S Chiiia . 1844 

Abieb. See Plnus. 

AbildoaIrdia, Vahl. After Professor Abild- 
fl»ard, of Copenhagen. Linn, 3, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. OyperdcecB, Worthless dwarf si)ecies of 
grass-like plants; increased by division, and 
grown in any common soiL 
xnonosUefaya . Apetal «, Grass 1 N. HoU . 1819 
txisttfchya . . Apetal 6. Grass } N. HoU. . 1824 

Abortion, imperfect or untimely development. 

AlBr6ma, Linn, From a, privative, tinabroma, 
food ; unfit to be eaten. Linn, 18, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. SUrcaliduxa. Handsome free-flower- 
ing species of easy culture, delighting in a 
compost of loam and peat. Propagated with 
ease from seeds or cuttings. The bark of ^. 
augit^a furnishes a very tough fibrous tissue, 
suited for manufacturing into cordage. 
aucrtMa . . . Pur. 8, 8. Ev. T. 10 E. Ind. . 1770 
fastu^taa . . . Pur. 8, 8. Ev. T. 10 N. 8. W. . 1800 

Abr6nia, Jusneu, From abros, delicate ; re- 
ferring to the involucrum. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Nyctagindcecs. Handsome trailing 
plants multiplied by division, and grown in 
sandy peat Synonyme : 1, Tricrdttua admird- 
bilis. 

mellffera . . Wht 7, H. Do. Tr. i Cnlifomia 1826 
umbellikta 1 . Red 4, H. Ev. Tr. | Califoniia 1828 

Abrupt, blunt, broken off. 

Abbuptly-pinnatb. Pinnate leaves, terminat- 
ing without an odd leaflet. 

Abbus^ Linn. From abroSf soft ; in allusion to 



th« delicacy of the leaves. Linn. 17, Or. 4, 
Nat Or. FabdcecB. This pretty climbing 
species (Wild Liquorice) must have a strong 
heat to enable it to flower well. It delights 
in loam and peat, and is propagated readily 
from cuttings, in sand, under a glass. The 
roots have tne property of the lic^uorice of the 
shops, while the seeds, if eaten in any quan- 
tity, produce violent headache. 
precat5rius . Pia. pur. 4, 8. De. CI. 13 W. Ind. . 1680 

AssfNTHiUM. See Artemisia. 

Absus. See Cdasia jfbsus, 

Ab^ta, Aublet. From AbaiUa or Abula, its 
name in Guiana. Linn, 22, Or. 10, Nat Or. 
Menispermdoeee. An ornamental evergreen 
climber. Loam and peat ; and increajsed by 
division. From the branches of this plant a 
-^drink is made by the natives of Cayenne, and 
used by them against obstructions of the liver 
ruffiBoens . . Grn. yeL 4, 8. Ev. CI. 10 Guiana . 1820 

ABtrriLON, Mcench. Ancient name of a planjb 
analogous to the marsh mallow. Linn, 16, 
Or. 8, Nat Or. MalvdcecB, Greenhouse shrubs 
of t^e easiest culture, and of considerable 
beauty. Syncnymes: 1, Slda BedfordtdMa; 
2, S, glohifldra ; 8, S, graveblem, kLrtOy tomen' 
tdsa; 4, S. iniegerHma; 6, 8. pulchdlla; 6, S, 
pida ; 7, 8. vendsa ; 8, 8. vili/blia, 
B<Aforditouml Y. red 11, 8. Ev. 8. 14 Braail . 1838 
escul^tum . . Purple 9^ 8. Ev. 8. 8 Brasil 
globiflbrum 8 . Cream 11, 8. Ev. & 4 Mauritius 1825 
gravedlens 3 . TeL or. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1843 
izulgne . . . W.crm. 6, O. Ev. & 6 N. Gren. 1861 
integeirlmum 4 Yellow 5, 8. Ev. 8. 14 N. Oren. 
ptDoniffiUbrum . Boee 1, O. Ev. & 6 Bracil 

- White 9, G De. 8. 8 N. 8. W. 

8traw 8, G. Ev. 8. 8 Rio . 
Oran. all, G. Ev. 8. 10 Brazil 
Or.x«d 7, G. Ev. 8.10 
White r, H.Bv. 8. 6 ChlU . 



1848 
1821 
1845 
18S7 



pulchAlum 6 
rufln^rve . 
striiktum 6 
ven5eum 7 . 
vitifMium 8 

Qee8ida. 

Garden Varietiea: Alba^ Alpkonse Karr, 
ranger, Arago^ De Cauchy^ Due de MdUUcofft 
Manettif Regelii, Van BouUei, dx, 
AcAciA, Necker. From ae, a point, or aJauo, 
to sharpen ; many of the species having thorns 
or prickles. Linn. 28, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabd4!eai, 

B 



1887 



Be- 



ACA 



ACA 



Suborder Mimoxce. Very ornamental plants, 
of neat growth and elegant foliage. All grow 
well in sandy loam and peat, and cuttings 
taken off at a joint, root freely in sand under 
a glass ; portions of the strong roots planted 
in soil, in heat, leaving the points out, pro- 
duce young plants ; but the best plants are 
obtained from seed. The hardy species re- 
quire to be slightly protected m severe 
weather. The bark of some species contains 
the tanning principle in a great degree, parti- 
cularly A. ardbica; the bark of which is 
largely used in tanning leather, and is in 
India regarded as a powerful tonic. Gums 
are yielded in considerable quantities by some 
species ; and in India an intoxicating principle 
is obtained from other species. Synonyines : 
1, A, aciculdru; 2, Miindaa tortudsa ; 8, A. 
ttrigdsa; 4, Jf. Girdffee ; 6, A. prostrdta; 6, 
A, viscdsa; 7, A. stolonlfera ; 8, Af. margi- 
ndUa; 9, A. JhribUnda ; 10, A. linedris; 11, 
A, mollissima; 12, A. imprism ; 13, M, 
nigricans; 14, A, ambigtia; 15, M. verti- 
cUUlUa; 16, M, veHidlUkta; 17, A. taxi/dlia; 
18, A. setigera; 19, A, obtusifilia; 20, A. 
uncitUnta; 2\, A, ionophplla; 22, A. S^nHaei- 
/Uia; 23, A. unduldta; 24, A. trigona. See 
Prdsopi*, Darlingtdnia, Gctgnebina^ ^nga, and 
Lagonychium. 
abietlna . . . YeL 6, O. Er. 
acanthoc&rpa . Pa.red 4, B. Ev. 
Wht. 4, a Bv. 

4, 8. Ev. 

4.Q. Ev. 

6. G. Ev. 

6, Q. Kv. 

6, Q. Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 

6, G. Ev. 



acanthol6ba 
acapulc^DBis 
acicul&ris . 
aculoatlc&rpa 
actitfairima . 
afFlnifl . . 
alKta . . . 
fibicaos . . 
amira . . 
amdbna . . 
snoops . . 
■ngrtuAta. . 
angustifdiia 
artTbica . . 
arb6rea . . 
arendsa . . 
ar^gyroph^Ua 
arm&ta . . 
ArrophtLlA . 
asparaguldos 
tfspera . . 
astrfngens . 
Bancroftiluia 
BartheiiAoa 
blfldra . . 
binerv&ta . 
blspfndsa . 
bivoQftsa . . 
bombyc^a . 



.Wht 
.YeL 
.Red 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.Wht 
.Wht 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.Wht 
.Pink 
.Wht 
. YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
. Yel. 
.YeL 
.Yel. 
. YoL 
YeL 



B. 4 N. HoIL . 1883 
8. 10 N. Spain . 1822 
8. 20 8. Amer. . 1828 
8. 20 Acapuloo . 1825 
8. 6 N. a W. . 17»« 
8. 8 N. Spain . 1822 
8. 6 Swan R . 
a 6 N. HolL . 1822 
a 6 N. HoU. . 180S 
8. 6 Swan R. . 
4, a Ev. T. 80 E Indies . 1818 
6, O. Ev. 8. 6 N. HolL . 1820 
6, G. Bv. a 4 N. HoU. . 1820 
ff. G. Ev. a 20 N. Holl. . 1820 
4, G. Ev. a 20 N. a W. . 1818 
6,8. Ev. 1^.20 E. Ind. . 1820 
4, 8. Ev. T. 40 Jamaica . 1768 
A,£. Ev. a 10 Caraocaa . 1810 
8, G. Ev. a 6 Swan R . 1842 
8. 8 N. HolL . 1803 



brachyactfntha. 
brachvldba . . Wht. 
brasill&isifl 



brevifdUa 
brtfvipes. 
Brbwniil 
Brundnis 



Wht 

Yel. 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 



Burauuml&na 2 YeL 



buziAlia 



otffra. . . 
calamif61ia . 
canaliculltta 
caraocaatfna. 
oaaBi<Ade8 . 
Catechu. . 
oelastrifdUa 
oentrophylla 



.YeL 
.YeL 



6, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. T. 20 NepaL 

6, G. Ev. a 6 N. HolL 

5, G. Bv. a 4 K HolL 

6, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. S. W. 

4, 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica 

5, G. Ev. 8. Swan R 
fi, G. Ev. a 3 N. Holl. 

6, G. Ev. a 8 N. HolL , 1824 
6. G. Bv. a Bwan R ., 
6^ G. Ev. • a 10 N. HolL , 
8. G. Bv. a 6 N. S. W. 
4, a Bv. T. 15 8. Amer. 
6, G. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 

4, a Ev. T. SO BrMil . , 

5, G. Bv. a 4 N. HolL 

4, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. 8. W. 

6, G. Bv. 8. N. 8. W. . 

5, G. Ev. a 4 N. HolL . 
5, 8. Ev. 8. Ceylon 
4, G. Bv. 8. 6 N. HolL . 

■ T. 16 B. Ind. , 

T. 12 C. G. H- , 
8. 8 N. HoU. 
8. 4 N. HoU. 
S. 12 Caroccas , 
T. 20 

T. 40 B. Ind. . 1790 
8. Swan R . 1847 
T. 20 Jamaica . 1818 



4, S. Ev. 
. Y.wh.4, G. Ev. 
. YeL 6, G. Ev. 
. YeL 6, G. Ev. 
. Piir. 8, S. Bv. 
. Wht 8, a Bv. 
. Pa. y. 3. a Ev. 
. YeL 6, G. Ev. 
. Wht 8, a Ev. 



1818 
1818 
1824 
1823 



.1803 



1824 
1824 
1824 
1803 
1826 
1820 
1810 
1796 
1824 
1818 
1824 
1773 
1800 
1823 
1824 
1817 



Ceratdnla . . Wht 
chrysoetlCchyB . YeL 

Chdndra . . YeL 

cUiiria . . .YeL 

cililita 3 . . . YeL 

cinerteoona . . YoL 

coccfnea . . . Rod 

cochleJlria . . YeL 

eoncinna . . Wht 

ConcordiJOia . Wht 

oonf ^rta . . . YoL 

contdrta . . . Wht 

oopaUlna . . Wht. 

cordifbUa . . YeL 

corillcea . . . YeL 

oomigera . . Fa. y. 
coronlUflsfdUa 4 YeL 

Courrantiftna . Yel. 

crassickrpa . . YeL 

oraasi&acula . YeL 

cnltrita . . . YeL 

oultrif^rmis . YeL 

ezc^lsa. . . YeL 

m&Ua . . . YeL 

minima . . YeL 

variegjlta . . YeL 

cimeJLta . . . YeL 
Cunningh&ml . YeL 

ciranophf Ua . YeL 

Cycl6piB. . .YeL 

Cygndrum . . YeL 

DaviestaafMia . YeL 

dealb&ta. . . YeL 

docfpiena . . YeL 

preomdraa . YeL 

decftrrena . . YeL 

deUbtlita . . Yel. 

deltoldea . . Yel. 

dentffera . . YeL 

dep^ndena . . YeL 

detlnens . . . YeL 

diflliBa 5 . . . Yel. 
DiUwyniarfdUa. Yel. 

dfpt«ra . . . Wht 

eridptera . . Yel. 

discolor . . . Yel. 

divarictita . . Wht 
dodonsBlAlia 6 . YeL 

dolabrifdrmla . YeL 

dorat6xy]on . Yel. 

DouglAsil . .YeL 

Drumm6ndii . YeL 

dumdsa . . . Yel. 

ebtoiea . . . Yel. 

echiniUa . . . YeL 

edtdis. . . .YeL 

eglanduldaa . YeL 

elephantorhlsa Wht 

elong&ta . . . YeL 

emaivin&ta. . YeL 

eriocarpa . . YeL 

esculfota . . Wht 

EsterhAEia . . Yel. 

ezc^laa . . . YeL 

falc&ta . . .YeL 

falcifdrmta . . YoL 

Famesiina . . YeL 

f erroglnea . . YeL 

lUiclna . . .YeL 

flexudea . . . YeL 

floribfinda . . Yel. 

formdea . . . Wht 

fronddea. . . Wht 

fruticdsa . . 

fusc&ta . . . 

genistsfblia . Yel. 

Girttffie . . . 

glanduldaa . . Wht 

glahca . . . Wht 

e^lauc^scens. . YeL 

glomer&ta . . YeL 

grandifldra . . Pur. 

grfodia . . . YeL 
gr&ta .... 

graveftlona . . YeL 



8, 8. Bv. 
8, a Ev. 
4, 8. Ev. 
6, a Ev. 
6, G. Bv. 
6, G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 
4, a Bv. 
4, S. Ev. 
4, G. Bv. 
4, a Bv. 
4, 8. Bv. 
6, G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 
4, 8. Ev. 

4, a Bv. 

5, G. Bv. 
4, G. Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Bv. 
4, G. Bv. 
4, G. Bv. 
4, G. Bv. 
4, G. Bv. 
6. G. Bv. 
4,G. Bv. 
6, G. Ev. 
4, a Ev. 
8, G. Bv. 
8, G. Bv. 
6, G. Bv. 
i, G. Bv. 
8, G. Ev. 

4, G. Bv. 
8, G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 
6, G. Bv. 
6, G. Ev. 
6, 8. Ev. 
», G. Ev. 
6, G. Bv. 
4,G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
0, G. Ev. 
e, G. Ev. 

G. Bv. 
G. Bv. 

6, a Ev. 

5, 8. Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 
6, 8 Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
8. Ev. 

6, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

4, G. Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 
a Ev. 

5, G. Bv. 
G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

6, G. Ev. 

7, 8. Ev. 
4, a Ev. 
6, a Ev. 

4, a Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 

5. a Ev. 
5, 8. Bv. 

8. Ev. 
8. Bv. 

5, G. Ev. 
B. Ev. 
G. Ev. 

7, G. Ev. 

6, G. Bv. 
G. Bv. 

6, a Bv. 
4, G. Ev. 

a Bv. 

6, G. Bv. 



a 10 a Amer. . 1800 
T. 15 Mnuritiua 1824 
T. 15 B. Ind. . 1789 
8. 4 a Amer. . 1822 
a 8 N. HolL . 1803 
a 10 N. HolL . 1824 

a 

8. 6 N. HoU. . 1818 
8. 20 E. Ind. . 1823 
T. 10 B. Ind. . 1818 
a 6 N. HoU. . 1824 
T. 20 Bnudl . . 1825 
T. 20 1825 

a 6 N. HoU. . 
a 5 N. HolL . 1825 
T. 15 8. Amor. . 1692 
a 10 N. Africa. 1817 
T. 20 Canaries . 1818 
S. 6 N. HolL . 1824 
a 10 N. HolL . 1824 
a 16 N. HoU. . 1820 
8. N. HolL . 1844 
a G Carpen. 1863 
a G. Carpen. 1863 
8. 6 G. Carpen. 1863 
a G Carpen. 1863 
a Swnn R . 1837 
a 4 N. HolL . 1828 
8. 18 Swan R . 1838 
a N. HolL . 1824 
a 8 Swan R. . 1850 
8. N. HoU. . 1817 
a 4 N. HoU. . 1824 
a 8 N. HoU. . 1803 
8. 8 N. HolL . 1880 
8. 8 N. a W. . 1790 
8. N. HolL . 1820 
a N. HoU. . 1824 
a 6 Swan R . 1839 
a V. D. L. . 1819 
a 8 N. HolL . 1828 
B. 2 N. 8. W. . 1814 
a 8 N. HoU. . 1828 
T. 20 a Amer. . 1818 
a 10 Swan R. . 1840 
a 10 N. a W. . 1784 
8. 10 R Ind. . 182T 
a 6 N. HoU. . 1818 
a N. HoU. . 1814 
8. 20 N. HolL . 1828 

a 

a 8 Swan R . 1859 
T. 20 R Ind. . 1818 
a 5 E. Ind. . 1792 
a 4 N. HoU. . 1824 
T. 20 B. Ind. . 1820 
8. N. HolL . 1824 
T. 60 E. Ind. . 1820 
T. C. G. H. . 1818 
8. 8 N. HoU. . 1824 
8. 8 K. HolL . 1824 
8. N. HolL 
T. 20 K Spain . 1825 
a 4 N. HoU. . 1824 

a 

8. N. a W. . 1790 
8. C N. HolL . 1818 
T. 15 St Domin. 1650 
a 15 R Ind. . 1818 
T. 20 Mexico . 1825 
8. 6 Cumana . 1834 
a 6 N. a W. . 1790 
8. 10 Mexico . 1825 
T. 80 E. Ind. . 1810 
a 4 E. Ind. . 1820 
T. 15 1824 

8. 3 N. a W. . 1825 
T. 40 C. G. H. . 1810 
a 2 N. Amer. 1800 
S. 5 America . 1090 
a 8 N. S. W. . 1790 
S. . 

S. 10 B. Ind. . 1769 
a 10 N. HoU. . 1850 
a 10 Braul . . 1820 
8. 15 N. HoU. . 1820 



ACA 



ACA 



guayaquOdDBis 

giiandnsis . . 
Ltilaudlsa . . 
ffumtnlfera . . 
hwmat6xylon . 
hastuljlta . . 
hebec^Sphala^ . 
hobedlLda 7 ' . 
heterocAntha . 
heterocllta . . 
heteromlQla 
heteroph^Ua . 
hispidissixiia . 
hiBpidfila . . 
liolcwerfcea . . 
homomOla . . 
hdrrida . . . 
Houstdni . . 
HtgelU . . . 
humiilisa . . 
h^brida . . . 
impr^Ma . . 
fiuuca . . . 
intermMJa . . 
i/Dtert^xtalO . 
Intsia. . . . 
ixioph^Ua . . 
Jacartbida . . 
Jtilibrfastn . . 
iuUflftm . . . 
juniperUia . . 
Kalkdra . . . 
kermesliia . . 
LambertiAiia . 
lanlgera . . . 
latifblia . . . 
latislliqua . . 
latrftnum . . 
laurifblia . . 
Law86ni . . . 
L^bek . . . 
lenUscifMia . 
lepr^aa . . . 
leptocirpa . . 
leptoneHra . . 
l^toph/lla . . 
lauooo^hala . 
leucophUhi 
leucophyUa. . 
UguIAta . . . 
Une&riB . . . 
llneikta . . . 
Unifblia . . . 
litakuntesia 
k)matodyrpa 8. 
loDgifblia 9 . . 

magnlflca . 
loogbaitnalO . 

p&dula . . 
loph<ntha .^ . 

N^wmanni 

spoci5«a . . 
lopbantholdea . 
Ihcida . . . 
lun&ta . . 



B. 
Wht 4,8. 
YeL 6, 8. 
Wht 5, G. 
Y. wh. 6, 8. 
Yel. 6, a 



YeL 

Yel. 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

Wht 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

Pur. 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

Yel. 

YeL 

YeL 



4, G. 
6,0. 
6,0. 
• 0. 
6,8. 
6,0. 
4,0. 
4,0. 
4,0. 
6,0. 
6,8. 
9,8. 
6,0. 
6,0. 
6,0. 
6,0. 
4,8. 
4,0. 
8, O. 



y. wh. 4, 8. 
YoL 8, 0. 



Pink 
Wht, 
Wht 
YeL 



4,8. 
8.H. 
6,8. 
5,0. 

8. 
6,0. 

*-l 

6,8. 

6,8. 

6,8. 

O. 

7. a 

6,8. 

6,0. 

8,0. 

6,0. 

4,0. 

6,0. 
O. 

Pa. y. 4, 8. 
YeL 4, 0. 



Pur. 

Pur. 

YeL 

YeL 

Pink 

Wht. 

YeL 

Pink 

YeL 
YeL 
YeL 

Wht 

Pa. y. 

Yel. 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 



thold68 . 
xnacrad^nia 
xnacrophyila 
Mtfngium 
XQarKinllta84 
marocc&na 
MeianM. . 
melandxylon 
microphyUa 
xniriood^a 
xndMta . . 
mdllia 11 . 
monactfntha 
mucron&ta . 
mucronuUkta 
multindrrla 
myrtifblia . 
nervdoa . . 
neiut>cJUi» . 
nfgricanB 



YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YoL 

YeL 

YeL 

YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YoL 
YeL 
YoL 
Wht 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 



4,0. 
6.8. 
6, O. 
6,0. 

K 

4,0. 

s, s. 

4.8. 

6,0. 

6,0. 
O. 

6,0. 

6,8. 

6, O. 

4,0. 

7,8. 

4,8. 

6, O. 

6, O. 

4, O. 
Pa. y. 8, O. 
YeL 6, 0. 
YoL 4, 0. 
YoL 6, O. 



Br. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Do. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Do. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 

Bv. 

Bv. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Ev. 
Bv. 
Bv. 
Ev. 



1820 
1823 
1816 
1824 



8. 10 Ouyaqua. 1818 

T. 40 Cayenne . 1803 

CI. 10 Cayenne 

T. SO Guinea 

T. 20 C. o. a 

8. 4 N. Hoa 

8. 6 N. HolL . 1817 

T. 40 C. O. H. . 1816 

T. 10 C. 0. H. . 1816 

8. 

a 10 N. HolL . 1818 

8. 6 N. HolL . 1824 

8. 4 Jamaica . 1800 

8. 2 N. 8. W. . 1794 

8. 20 N. Holl. . 1820 

8. 6 N. HoU. . 1823 

8. 6 AMca . . 1823 

8. 10 Vera Crua 1729 

8. 

T. 30 N. Hoa 

8. 6 Hybrid 

8. 6 N. HolL 

8. 10 E. Ind. 

8. 8 N. HolL 

8. 6 N. HolL 

T. 12 B. Ind. 

8. N. 8. W. 

T. 20 8. Amer. 

T. 20 Levant 

8. 8 Jamaica 

8. 6 N. 8. W. . 1790 

T. 46 B. Ind. . 1818 



1820 
1822 
1824 
1800 
1818 
1824 
1778 
1844 
1826 
1746 
1793 



8. 6 Mexico . 
8. 6 N. HolL , 
8. 

8. 10 W. Ind. . 
T. 20 B. Ind- . 
8. 4 Tanna . , 
8. N. 8. W. . 
T.SOliypt. . 
T. 20 Mexico . 
T. 6 N. HolL , 
8. N. HolL , 
8. 6 N. HolL . 
T. 20 a Amer. , 
8. 6 8. Amer. . 
T. 12 B. Ind. . 
8. 6 N. HolL . 
8. N. 8. W. . 
8. 8 N. 8. W. 
a 6 N. HolL 
a 8 N. a W. 
a 6 litakun , 
8. SO B. Ind. 
8. 10 N. 8. W. 
8. 10 Hybrid 
8. 4 N. 8. W. 
a 8 Hybrid 
a 10 N. HoU. 
8. 6 Hybrid 
8. 6 Hybrid 
a 20 Jamaica 
T. 40 B. Ind. 
a 2 V. D. L. 



1818 
1824 

1777 
1824 
1776 

1828 
1824 
1817 
1821 
1846 
1824 
1828 
1812 
1822 
1818 
1820 
1824 
1790 
1816 
1824 
1792 

1819 

1808 



1820 
1820 
1810 

T. 20 Jamaica . 1820 



a 10 N. Hoa . 

8. 

a 10 B. Ind. . 

a 4 N. a w. . 

8. 6 Morocco . 

a 

8. 8 V. Die. L. 
a 10 Caraccas . 

a 

a N. HolL . 

a 6N. Hoa . 

T. 20 BnusU . . 

a 6 N. Hoa . 

a 4-N. Hoa . 

8. 6 N. Hoa . 

8. 8 N. a w. . 

a 4 N. HolL . 

a N. HolL . 

8. 8 N. HoU. . 



1847 



18S0 
180S 



1818 
1826 

1846 
1810 
1818 
1818 
1824 
1824 
1789 



1803 



obtus&ta . . 
obtuaif 61U . 
odonitiasima 

p^dula . 
oloif 5Iia 30 . 
oUgoph^lla . 
oncinoph^Ua 
omith6phora . 
ov4ta 
oxycMrua 17 . 
ponicuUta . . 
papuUfdrmifl . 
pimul6xa 23 
ptftula . . . 
pedunculMa . 
p^ndiila . . . 
penn^ta . . . 
pennin^rvla 12 
pentadtoia . , 
peregrlna . . 
persoonioldea . 
peruvi&ia . , 
petiolAris . . 
pUdsa . . . 
platyphfUa. . 
plat^ptera . . 
plectoc&rpa 
plumdaa . . . 
podalyrinfblia . 
polygakefdlia 
polyph^lla . 
portoric^naia 
pr^naana 
priaml^tica . 
procdra . . 
pr6minena . 
prostrilta 
pub^acena . 
pufi^onifdrmia 
pulch^lia 

mi^gna . . 
pulchdrrima 
pyril&Ua. . 
quadrangul&rie 
quadrilater&Ua 
reticul&ta . 
rhodacdntha . 
RiceJlnalS . 
Richardadni 
ilgona . . 
rootbsta . . . 
RohrilLna 18 

B688ii . . 

rotimdif6Iia 
rhbida . . . , 
rusdfblla . 
rutfof51Ia . 
aollgna . . 
aapindoldofl 
aarment'daa 
Bc^dena 
aclerdxylon . 
aemicord&ta 
Senegal . . 
aericata . . , 
8eri88a . . 
aetfgcra . . 
QimaM . . 
ainu&ta . . 
amllacifbUa 
Smithilma . 
8oph6r» . . 
apecidaa 



YeL 6, 0. 

YeL 6, O. 

Wht 4,8. 

YeL 4, 0. 



Ev.a 10 
Ev. a 6 
Ev. T. 40 



YeL 
Yel. 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 



6,0. 

4,0. 

6, O. 
O. 

6,0. 
6,8. 
4, O. 
8, G. 

8. 

8. 
6,0. 
4,8. 
6,0. 
4, O. 

7, a 
o. 

8. 

o. 

Wht 6,8. 

Yel. 6, a 

Gran. 8, 0. 

YeL 4, 

YeL - " 

YeL 

YeL 

Wht 

Wht 

YeL 

YeL 



YoL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
Wht 



YeL 



6,8. 

4,0. 

4, O. 

6,8. 

7, a 

6,0. 

6,8. 

Pa. y. 6, 8. 
YeL 8, 0. 



YcL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YeL 



6,0. 
6,0. 
6,0. 
4,0. 



Wht 6, 8. 

YeL 6, 0. 

Wht 8, a 

Yel. 6, 0. 



Wht 

YeL 
YeL 
YeL 

Wht 



6 O. 
8. 

6*, 8.' 

6,0. 

G. 

4,8. 



4.G 
6, O. 
4,G. 

6, a 

6, G. 
6,0. 

6, a 
6, a 

6, a 
a 

Wht 6. a 
YeL 4, 0. 



YeL 
YeL 
YeL 
YoL 
YeL 
Yel. 
YeL 
Pur. 
Wht 



Yel. 
YoL 
Yel. 
YeL 



8. 
4,0. 
4, O. 

O. 
4, O. 

8. 
6,0. 
8. a 
4,0. 
4,0. 




Ev.a 
Ev. a 

Ev. a 4 

Ev.a 7 

Ev. 8. 6 
Ev.S. 

Bv. 8. 6 

Ev.a 16 

Ev.a 6 

Ev.a 

Ev. T. 
Ev.T. 
Ev.a 
Bv.T. 
Ev.a 
Ev. 8. 

Ev.a 
Ev.a 

Ev. T. 6 
Ev. 8. 

Ev. T. 80 

Ev.a 10 

Ev. a 8 

Ev. 8. 6 
De. CL20 

Ev. 8. 6 

Ev. 8. 6 

Ev. 8. 20 

Bv. 8. 6 

Bv. CI. 40 

Ev. 8. 6 

Bv. T. 60 

Ev.a 4 
Ev.a 
Ev.a 

Ev.a 
Ev.a 
Ev.a 
Ev.a 
Ev.a 
Ev.a 
Ev. a 

Ev. a 10 

Bv.T. 20 

De. a 4 

Ev. a 10 

Ev.a 6 

Bv. a 6 

Bv. T. 80 

Ev. T. 40 

Ev. 8. 6 

Bv. 8. 8 

Bv. 8. 12 

Ev. 8. 4 

Ev. a 10 

Ev. T. 20 
Ev. d. 10 
Ev. CLIO 

Ev. T. 20 

Ev.T. 40 

Ev. T. 20 

Ev. a 6 

Ev. T. 20 

Ev.S. 8 
Ev.a 
Ev.S. 

Ev.a 2 

Bv. T. 46 

Ev.a 10 

Bv. 8. 10 

Ev.a 6 

Ev. a 6 

Ev. T. 8 

Ev.a 6 
Ev.a 

Bv. T. 20 

Ev. 8. 2 

Ev. 8. 8 

Ev. 8. 4 

Ev.a 4 

Ev. 8. 2 
Ev.T 



N. HoU. 
N. Hoa 
B. Ind. 
E. Ind. 
N. HoU. 

ammR. 
N. Hoa 

N. Hoa 
Braail 
N. Hoa 
N. Hoa 
a Amer. 
E. Ind. 
N. Hoa 
E. Ind. 
N. Hoa 
N. Hoa 
8. Amer. , 
N. HoU. 
Peru . , 

Jamaica , 
N. Hoa 
8wanR. 
N. Hoa , 

N. Hoa , 
N. Hoa , 
N. Hoa , 
W. Ind. , 



1824 
1823 
1790 

1824 

1847 
1824 

1824 

1824 

1818 
1822 
1824 
1773 
1824 
1830 
1780 

1820 

1800 
1820 
1840 
1824 

1824 

1824 

1824 

. 1824 

.1818 
. 1816 
.1824 
. 1847 
.1790 
.1818 
. 1808 

!l823 
. 1824 
.1835 
. 18-20 
.1816 

1885 
1822 
1824 
1810 
1828 
1823 
8wan R. . 1840 
N. HolL . 1828 
N. HoU. . 1824 
. 1810 
N. HoU. .1818 
Moroton B.18S0 
Ceylon . 1820 
India . . 1780 
W. Ind. . 1823 



E. Ind. 
N. Hoa 
V. D. L. 
N. 8. W. 
N. HolL 
N. HoU. , 
N. Hoa 
BraaU . 
N. Hoa 

N. Hoa 
O. O. H. 

V.D. L. 

N. HoU. 
N. Hoa , 
C. O. H. , 
8. Amer. 



Bv. a 84 



E. Ind. 
Africa. 
N. HoU. 
E.Ind. 
V. D. L. 
N. Hoa 

8wanR. 
B. Ind. 
V. D. L. 
E. Ind. 
N. a W. 
Hybrid 

N. Hoa 
N. 8. W. 
Bengal 
N. 8. W. 
Peru . 

N. a w. , 

N. Hoa , 
N. HoU. 
B. Ind. . 
W. Ind. 
b2 



1820 
1828 
1820 
1823 
1847 
1810 

1860 
1820 
1806 
1742 
1837 



1836 
1818 
1800 
1790 
1825 
1790 
1824 
1808 
1789 
1774 



AC^ 



ACE 



taxifftUa . . Tel. 6, G. Bv. a 4 N. HolL . 1828 

tetrag6na . . Wht. 6, H. Ev. a 25 Caraccas . 1820 

tomenWaa . . Wht 7, B. Ev. 8. 20 E. Ind. . 1816 

tortu^sa . . . Tel. 6, a Ev. a 6 Jamaica . 1824 

tmpesoldes. . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL . 1810 

trichddes . . Pa. j. 4, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Peru . . 1818 

trigonoc&rpa . TeL 5, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1834 

trinerv&ta . . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HolL . 1820 

trtotis ... TeL 8, G. Ev. a 18 N. HolL . 1828 

umbeUAta . . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. N. HolL 1810 

iimbr&sa. . . TeL 4. G. Ev. a 26 N. HolL . 1824 

uncinAta . . TeL 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. 8. W. . 1810 

uncinif51ia . . Tel. 4, G. Ev. 8. 6 8wan R. . 1846 

uadul»f6Ua . TeL • 6, G. Ev. a 4 N. HolL . 1824 

uroph^Ua 22 . Pa. y. 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 8wan R . 1886 

vftga .... Wht 6, 8. Ev. T. 40 BrazU . . 1818 

ventlista . . . Pink 7, 8. Ev. T. 6 8. Amer. . 1816 

vfeta . . . . Wht 7, 8. Ev. T. 12 Egypt . . 1696 

vemiciflba . . TeL 4, G. Ev. S. 6 N. HolL . 1818 

verticiUAta . . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 V. D. L. . 1780 

angtista 15 . Tel. 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 N. HoU. . 1780 

laUfdlia 16 . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 N. HolL . 1780 

vestlta . . .TeL 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HolL . 1820 

Tilldsa . . . Wht 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Jamaica . 1800 

TiminkUs . . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. N. HolL . 1820 

virdacens . . TeL 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Amer. . 1820 

virgAta . . . TeL 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL . 1824 

vindifldra . . W. gn. 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Amer. . 1828 

viridirAmis . . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1816 

vjacidtUa 21 . TeL 8, G. Ev. 8. 12 N. 8. W. . 1844 

vomerifdrmifl . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. N. HolL . 1818 

Wallichi&na . Wht 4, a Ev. 8. 20 E. Ind. . 1820 

xylodUrpa . . TeL 4, G. Ev. 8. N. HolL . 1820 

xylophylloldeci TeL G. Ev. 8. 

ACi^NA, Linn. From akaina, a thorn ; in alla- 
sion to the thorns or bristles on the calyx or 
fruit Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sanguisorbdcece. 
Humble, shnibby, curious plants, growincr 
well in sandy loam and peat Cuttings wiU 
root planted in soil, and protected by a frame 
or hand-glass. Synonymes: 1, Andstrum ad- 
acSndens; 2, An. arginteum; 3, An. laUbrbsum. 

adflc^ndens 1 . Green 5, H. Her. P. 1 Magellan 1822 

argdntea 2 . . Green 5, H. Her. P. 2 Chile . . 1822 

elongAta. . . Green 5, F. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1827 

IffivigAta . . . Green 7, G. Her. P. 1 Magelhrn 1790 

latebrdea 8 . . Green 5, H. Her. P. 1 G. G. H. . 1822 

Iticida . . . Green 5, H. Her. P. \ Falk. Is. . 1777 

magelUnica . TeL 6, G. Her. P. \ Magellan 1828 

myrioph^lla . Green 5, H. Her. P; 1 Mendoza . 1828 

ovalifbUa . . Green 5. H. Her. P. \ Peru . . 1802 
ovlna .... Green 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1818 

pinnatffida . . Green 5» G. Her. P. \ Chile . . 1822 

BonguifldrbiD . Greon 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. ZeaL . 1706 

eericda . . . Green 5, G. Her. P. 1 Pt Desire 1824 

spldndens . . Green 5, G. Ev. S. 1 . 1838 

AciiiTFHA, Linn. From a, privative, Jcalos^ 
pleasant, and aphe, touch, iinn. 21, Or. 1, 
Ifat. Or. EupharhiAcecR. "Worthless species of 
the easiest culture. — alopecuroidea, hrachystd- 

' ehya, earolinidnat cilUUa^ colordUaf cuspiddta, 
diversifblia^ hispioUiy indica, integrifdliay IcBvi- 
ffdta, inacrosldchya, mdUis, paucifldra, polysid- 
chya, prunifdlia, r^ptana, liibra, scabrdsa, vir- 
gdtaj virglnica. 

AcIkoa. See BromHia Acdnga. 

AcAiTTHAcRfi. A natural order of plants, chiefly 
tropical, consisting of soft-wooded herbs, un- 
dershrubs, and shrubs ; many of them very 
beautiful. 

Aci.NTHiOM. See Oiwpdrdum Acdnthium. 

AcantholImon, Boias. From akanthos, a 
spine, and Umon^ sea lavender. Leaves and 
bracts. Linn. 6, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Plantagi- 
ncUxoB. Plants resembling the StdHce and 
requiring similar treatment. They are in- 
creased by division of the roots, and grow 



in any light rich soil Synonyme: 1, Stdlice 

arardUi, 

glum&coum 1 . Rose 5, F. Ev. P. i Armenia . 1845 

AcANTHONfeHA, Hooker. From akanthos, a 
spine, and n^inay a filament ; from the spine- 
like form of some of the filaments. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cyrtandrdcea. Plants resem- 
bling in habit the species of StreptocdrpySy and 
requiring similar treatment. They are in- 
creased by division of the roots, 
strigdsa . . Dk. pur. 6, 8. Her. P. | W. Africa 1801 

AcANTHOPHfppiUM, BluTH. The meaning of 
the name is not explained. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchiddoeo!. A. Ucolor is a very 
curious and rather rare plant; in habit it 
much resembles a Geoddrumy only it has 
pseudo-bulbs instead of tubers, while its rich 
flowers are produced from near the base of the 
shoots. A. stridtum is much inferior. They 
will thrive well with the same treatment as 
Bliiia, provided they have a great deal of heat 
and moisture during the growing season. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, A.javSnae, 

blcolor . . . TeL red 0, 8. EpL | Ceylon . 1888 
javtfnicum 1 . Cr. rose 8, 8. EpL 11 Java . . 1844 
stri&tum . . White 6, 8. EpL } Nepal . . 
sylhet^nse . . White 6, 8. EpL I 8ylhet. . 1837 

AcANTHOSP^RMUM. From akanthos, a spine, 
and spernuif a seed. Linn. 19, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or. AsterdeecB. — XanihtMes. 

AcanthostXchtb. From akanthos, a spine, 
and stachys, a spike. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
BromeliAcetB. Plants easily cultivated in the 
stove, with a soil composed of equal parts of 
sand, decayed wood, and rotten leaves. They 
are propagated by suckers stuck in a hot-bed. 
Synonyme : 1, Jlohenbirgia strobildcea, 
strobiUoea 1 . Red y. 0, & Her. P. 4 Bradl . . 1840 

AcXiTTHUS, Linn. "From akanthos, a spine, 
some of the - species being spiny. Bear's 
Breeeh, Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. Acanthdcecs. 
Coarse, yet stately, herbaceous plants, flou- 
rishing in almost any soil or situation, and 
increased by division or by seed with great 
facility. A. mdllis is said to be emollient ; 
and it is conjectured that the leaf of this plant 
furnished the ancients with the elegant Acan- 
thus leaf of their architecture. See DilivAria. 
carduif5Uua . Blue 8, G. Her. P. 8 G. G. EL . 1810 
hiapfinicua . White 8, H. Her. P. 3 Spain . . 1700 
iliclf^us . . 8. Ev. a 8 E Ind. . 1759 

mtfllls . . . Pur. w. 8, H. Her. P. 8 Italy . . 1548 
nlger . . . White 8, H.Her. P. 8 Portugal . 1750 
siMnoslBsimuB Pur. w. 8, H. Her. P. 8 8. Eur. . 1020 
sphidsus . . Pur. w. 8, H. Her. P. 8 Italy . . 1020 

AcArna, WUldenow. Theophrastus describes 
a thistle under that name. Liwi. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AsterdcecB. Insignificant plants, 
void of any known merit, and of the easiest 
culture in common soil. Synonyme : l,Atrdc- 
tylis caneelldta. — canccllkta 1, gummifera. 

AcAULis, without a stem. 

AoCESSORT) something added to the usual 
number of organs. 

Accrete, grown together. 

AocUMBENT, lying on something else. 

Acer, Linn. The word, in Latin, signifies 
vigorous, or sharp, and comes from ac, meaning 



ACE 



ACH 



a point, in Celtic. The name is used to desig- 
nate this genus on account of the wood having 
formerly been much sought after for manufac- 
turing into heads of pikes and lances. Linn, 
23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AcerduxoB, For the most 
j>aTt beautiful trees, of considerable size, gene- 
rally employed in forming avenues or the oack 
of shruboeries. The soil they delight most to 
grow in is open sandy loam, in which also 
cuttings will strike freely in the open air ; or 
by layers put down in the autumn they may 
be increased; but all the best plants are 
obtained from seed, which should be sown 
soon after gathering. From the sap of A. 
saceharinum and other species, the North 
Americans make a considerable quantity of 
very good sugar. Synonymes: 1, A. erio- 
cdrpatij tomentdsuTiif glaHcum, virginidnunif 
rdirwn; 2, A, iempen^rena ; 8, A. spicdtum; 
4, A, Hridhtm, l^bridum; 6, laurifilivm. 
See nBgimdo, 

aoBtrlaicum. . Oreen 6, H. De. T. 80 Austria . 
barb&tum . . On. y. 4, H. De. T. 15 N. Amer. . 1818 
campdstra. . On. y. 6, H. De. T. S6 Britain, hedges 

austrtaenm . On. y. 0, H. De. T. 85 Austria . 1818 

coUinum . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 85 France . . 

hcbecitfpum On. y. 6, H. Do. T. 85 Britain, hedges 

n&num . . On. y. 6, H. Do. S. 4 

Tarleg&tum . On. y. 6, H. Do. T. 85 Britain, gardens 
caud&tum . . On. y. 4, H. De. T. 50 N. India . 1845 
efrdn&tum . On. y. 4, H. Do. T. 40 Columbia . 1887 
crMicum . . On. y. 5, H. Do. & 4 Levant . . 1758 
dasyckrpum 1 On. y. 4, H. Do. T. 85 N. Amer. . 1725 
diautetum . . On. y. 5, H. Do. T. 80 Japan . . 1845 

^'^iSS^a**^^' } ^^ y. 6. H. Bv. 8. 4 Levant . . 1769 
h^bridum .' . Green 4, H. De. T. 80 Amer. hyb. 1790 
hyrx^ium . On. y. 5, H. De. T. 40 Caucaaua . 1838 
ib^ricum . . Green 5, H. Do. T. 40 Asiatic O. . 1880 
bevigatum . On. y. 8, H. De. T. 40 Nopal . . 1840 
lob&tum . . Oreen 5, H. De. T. 80 Siberia . . 1880 
znacrophfUum Oreen 5, H. De. T. 80 N. Amer. . 1826 
montknum 8 . On. y. 4, H. Do. T. 85 N. Amer. . 1750 

"!S5S~. }Gn. y. 5. H. Do. 8. 8 France . . 1789 

nigrum. ! . On. y. 4, H. Do. T. 40 N. Amer. . 1818 

oMdngum 5 . On. w. 1, F. Ev. T. 80 Nepal . . 1824 

obtuM[tum . On. y. 5, H. Do. S. 8 Hungary . 1825 
obtu8if51ium . On. y. 5, H. De. S. 4 Crete . . 

6palus . . . On. y. 5, H. De. T. 50 Italy . . 1752 

opullfdlium . On. y. 5, H. Do. 8. 12 France . . 1828 

pahuAtum . . Green H. Do. T. 80 Japan . . 1820 

'^^Steum t } ®"- y- "' H. Do. T. 80 N. Amer. . 1755 

platanoldea . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 50 Europe . . 1683 

lAcini&tum . On. y. 6, H. Do. T. SO Europe . . 1088 

LobUii . . On. y. 5. H. De. T. 50 Naples . . 

▼ariegAtum . On. y. 6, H. Do. T. 85 Europe . ' . 1683 

^"tSnw^^ 1 ^^ y- *' °- ^- ^- ^ ^^^^* ^e<^« 

puri>llreum . Pur. 5, H. Do. T. 50 Seedling . 1828 

subobtbsum On. y. 5, H. Do. T. 50 Britain, gardens 

TariegAtum . On. y. 4, U. Do. T. 50 Britain, gardens 

rtbnim . . Rod 4, H. Do. T. 80 N. Amer. . 1656 

eaochaxlnum . YoL 4, H. Do. T. 40 N. Amer. . 1785 

striatum . . Green 5, H. Do. T. 80 N. Amer. . 1765 

tatKricum . . On. y. 5, H. De. T. 80 Tartaiy . 1759 

▼iUdflum . . On. y. 4, H. Do. T. 60 Kamaon . 1850 

Ac^FHALUB, a privative, and kephaUy a head. 

AcsrAcile, an order of line hardy trees, suitable 
for park and pleasure garden scenery, of which 
the common sycamore and the maple are repre- 
Bentatives. All the lar^r species abound m a 
saccharine san, from wmch tne fine crystalline 
sugar of Nortn America is prepared. They all 
grow in moderate climates. 

AcEKAS, Rdbsrt Brown, From a, privative, and 



heraa, horn, on account of the spur being 
absent Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidiuxa:, 
Very curious plants, rather trouble.some to 
cultivate. A li^ht loamy soil, mixed with 
chalk, delights uiem most, and they can only 
be increased by seeds. Synonyms: 1, OrcAw 
secundifldra, Ophrys densifibra. 
anthropdphora Green 6, H. Tu. P. f England ob. fl. 
seoun<Ufl6ra . Violet 7, F. Tu. P. I 8. £ur. . 1829 

AcerItiuh, DecandolU. Derived from a, pri- 
vative, and keraSf a horn ; implying that the 
anthers are destitute of horns. Linn, 11, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. TilidcecB, An interesting species, 
grown in peat and loam ; multiplied from 
cuttings, 
oppositifdlium White 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Amboyna 1818 

AcEROSE, fine and slender, with a sharp point. 

AcETARlons, any thing belonging to the salad 
tribe of plants. 

AcETOSB, sour, tart, acid. 

AcBTOS^LLA. See JtHmex AoetoaUla, and Oxdlis 
Acdos^lla, 

AcBTABULiFORMis, saucer shaped. 

AchAnia, Swartz, From akanos, closed ; corolla 
does not expand wide. See genus Malvavisctis, 
to which the species of .icAdntaproperlv belong. 

Achillea, Linn, Named after Achilles, a 
pupil of Chiron, and the first who used the 
plant so called in medicine. Linn, 19^ Or. 2, 
Nat Or. AsUrdcecR, Showy, free-flowenng spe- 
cies, succeeding well in any common soil, and 
readily increased by dividing the roots. A. 
tomentdm is, by its bright yellow flowers, well 
suited for ornamenting rock-work. The dried 
leaves of A, PtdrmicOf powdered, and taken 
up the nostrils, excite sneezing. A, mosehaia 
is sudorific and acrid, and makes a wholesome 
food for cattle. Synonyms : 1, i4. aerrhta ; 2, 
A, wmMgua; 8, A, JUicifilia; i, A. ochro' 
leilca; 5, A, hdvitioa; 6, A, amdma; 7, A. 



abrotanif61ia 
acuminata . 
flsgypOaca . 
Agorktum . 
albicablis . 
flbida . . 
alplna . . 
fogUca 1 . 
anthomoldes 
asplonifdlia 
atrata . . 
atirea . . 
auzicuiata . 
biserrata . 
ohamfemoli- 
f61ia . . 
davtons . 
ooorctata . 
comp6cta 



Yd. 

, Wht 

Pa y. 

YoL 



7, H. Her. P. 

8, H. Her. P. 

8, O. Ev. 8. 

9. H. Hot. P. 



Levant . 1739 

1830 

Levant . 1640 

a Eur. . 1570 



Pa. y. 7, H. Ev. 8. 1^ Caucasus 1836 



Pa. ▼. 7, H. Her. P. 



. Whl 
.Wht 
.Pii.y. 
.Pink 
. Wht. 
.YoL • 
. YeL 
.Wht 

}wht 

.Wht 
YeL 



\ 1 



1819 
Siberia . 1781 
Britain, fields 



9, H. Hor. P. 
8, H. Hor. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

8, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 1 
7, H. Her. P. 1 

6, H. Her. P. 1^ Albania 

7, H. Her. P. f Franco 

6, H. Her. P. \ Austria 

8, H. Her. P. \ 8. Eur. 

^ . Pa. y. 7, H. Hor. P. 1 

ooronopifdlia . Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Levant 
crfetica . . . Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Candia 
cristata . . . Wht 7, H. Her. P. \ Italy . 
crithmifdlia . Wht 7, H. Her. P. \ Hungary 1804 
decoldrans . . Wh. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1 1798 

doetoibens . YeL 7, H. Ev. Tr. \ Kamtech. 1816 
EupatdrlumS. YeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 Gasp. Bh. 1808 
fUcata . . . Pa. y. 7, H. Hor. P. \ Levant . 1739 
Oerbferi . . . Pa y. 7. H. Her. P. l} Siberia . 1821 
glomer&ta . . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1818 
grandifldra. . Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1818 

fldre-plteo . Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Gardens 
HA-borrftta. . Wht 7, H. Her. P. \ Prance . 1640 
holooorloea . Wht 8, H. Hor. P. } Pamasa . 1817 



N. Amer. 1803 
Austria . 1596 
Levant . 1739 
A. Minor 1827 
.1820 

.1825 

.1656 
, 1816 

1803 
.1823 
.1739 

1784 



ACH 



ACH 



Imbrio&ta . 
imp&tiens . 
lan&ta . . 
leptophflla 
lig<k3tica 
lixigul&ta . 
macrophflla 
micitfntha . 
xnicrophflla 
MiUefSlium 
varieffAtad 
inoQg6lica . 
xnoaoad,ta . 
myrioph^lla 



n6bi]iB 
ochrolebea . 
odor&ta . . 
paucifldra . 
pectiii&ta4 
FUrmica 



puncUta 
rocurvifiylia 
Bantollna . 
nantolinoldeg . 



YoL 7, H. Her. P. { Penrfa . 1818 

Wht 8, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1759 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 1804 

Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Tauria . 1816 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. 4 Italy . . 1791 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungaiy 1815 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. 3 Italy . . 1710 

TeL 8, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1805 

Wht 8. H. Her. P. 1 Spain. . 1800 

Wht 8, H. Her. P. 2 Britain, fields 

Wht. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Gardens . 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. j Siberia . 1818 

Wht 6, H. Her. P. 2 Italy . . 1775 

Wht 8, H. Her. P. U 1798 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. { Itdy . . 1769 

Wht 7, H. Her. P. 2 Germany 1640 

. Pk. y. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Hungaiy 1804 

. Wht 7, H. Her. P. ^ Spain . . 1729 

. Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1810 

. Pik y. 8, H. Her. P. 1} Hungaiy 1801 

. Wht 8, H. Her. P. 1 Britain,mo.pL 

flldre-pl^QO . Wht 8, H. Her. P. 1 Britain, gdns. 

pub^eoens . . Lt y. 8, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1739 

. Straw 7, H. Her. P. 1 Naples . 1820 

. Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Pyrenees 1820 

. Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1769 

.Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spain. . 

8, H. Her. P. 2 Swlta. . 1686 

7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1805 

8, H. Her. P. 1^ 1804 
7, H. Her. P. 1 1776 



setAcea . . 
■pocldea. . 
squarrdsa . 
sylv&tlca . 
tanaoetif61ia 
tonuif61ia 
talirica . 
tomentdsa 
valleslaca 5 



.Wht 
.Wht 
.Wht 
.Wht 
.Wht 
.Pink 
. YeL 



7, H. Her. P. 11 Calabria . 1830 



7, H. Her. P. 1 Switz. . 1820 

7, H. Her. P. 1 Swlta. . 1658 

. Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. 11 Tauria . 1818 

. YeL 7. H. Her. P. 2 Britain . 

. Wht 7, H. Her. P. Swita. . 1819 

vermiculikris 7 YeL 8, H. Her. P. 1) Russia . 1835 

BanndUca, dentifera, distans 2, ditbiay TuUro- 
phtfllOf inUrmedia, 'tTid^na, Millefdlium ru- 
brum^ marU&naf polyphgila^ rbsta, stricta, 
AcHiMkNES, P. Browne. A word of unknown 
meaning. Linn, li, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesne- 
rdeeos. The above name was originally given 
to two species by Dr. Patrick Browne in his 
History of Jamaica, one of which has been 
long known in our gardens as Trevirdna cocci- 
nea, or Cyrilla pulchdla ; the ori^nal name 
has been restored by De CandoIIe m his Pro- 
dromus. The recent acquisitions to this ele< 
gant and free-flowering genus, I'auk amongst 
the most beautiful of our conservatory plants. 
For cultivation see Treviritna : they are propa- 
gated by cuttings, or by the imbricated buds 
which they produce underground and on the 
stemp. Synonymes: 1, TrevirAna cocdnea^ 
Cyrilla pulchilla; 2, A. heteroph^lla^ ignia- 
cens, Trcvirana heteroph^lla ; 3, Aeisdnthera 
atroaanffuinea, Cheirdnlhera airosangiiinea. 
argyrostlgma . Wh. ro. 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Gren. 1845 
atrosangulnM Crim. 8, S. Her. P. 11 
otfndida . . YeL w, 6, S. Her. P. ij 
capreol&ta . . Rod 6, S. Her. P. 1 
ooocfnea 1 . . Scarlet 8, S. Her. P. I 
cupre&ta . . Scarlet 7, S. Her. P. X 
formdsa . . . Rose 9, S. Her. P. I 
grandlfldra. . P.crim 10, G. Her. P. l\ 
Ghlesbr^htu2 Sc. pur, 6, S. Her. P. 1 
Oloxlnlnfldra . White 6, S. Her. P. 1 



Guatem. 1848 
Guatom. 1818 



Jamaica 1778 
N. Gren. 1846 



hirta 
hlrshta . 
KIe». . 
LdebmlKnnl 
longifldra 

]ilena . 
xniscra . 
multlfldni 

finibri&ta 
ocellitta . 



Rod 6, S. Her. P. 1 
. Rose 9, S. Her. P. 2} 
. LUac 8, S. Her. P. I 
.P.crim. 7,8. Her.P. 1 
. Violet 8, G. Her. P. 1 
. Violet 8, S. Her. P. 1 
. Br. wh. 6, S. Her. P. 1 
. Lilic 10, S. Her. P. 1 
. Pa lilac 7, 8. Her. P. 1 
. Red 7, 8. 
. Violet 6, S. 



Mexico . 1842 
Mexico . 1842 
Mexico . 1S45 
Mexico . 1860 
Guatom. 1842 
Guatem. 1845 



Guatom. 1841 
Guatem. 1842 
Guatom. 1848 
Brodl . 1842 
Brazil . 1848 
Her.P. 1| Panama 1845 
Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1846 



podunouUita . So. yeL 6, a Her. P. 2 Guatem. 1840 

plcta . . . . Sc. yeL 6» 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1844 

rJVsoa. . . . Pink 6, 8. Her. P. 1^ Guatom. 1841 

pyropdba . . Scarlet 0, S. Her. P. 1 Guatem. 1847 

Sklniiori . . Rose 7, 8. Her. P. 1 1847 

ventista . . . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 1847 

Tlsclda 8 . . Red w. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 8. Amer. 1850 

Garden Bybrida. — The hybrids are very nu- 
merous, aud some exceedingly beautiful. 
Amongst these may be mentioned Adonis, 
ama^ilis, Aurora, elegana, Eschcriana, EsUIUl, 
gigantea, ignea, magnifica, Mazzppa, and 
Roezlia. 

AcHLYS, DecandoUe. From adhZys, meaning 
obscure, in illusion to the obscurity of the 
genus. Linn. 18, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bcrberidaceos. 
A tuberous-rooted plant, of little beauty, mul- 
tiplied by cuttings, and grown in sandy loam, 
triph^lla . . Wht 6, H. Tu, P. 2A N. Amer. . 1827 

AchkXnthes, Agardh. Derived from aehne, 
froth of the ocean, and anihos^ flower. Linn, 
24, Or. 7, Nat Or. IHatomde&E, Curious 
aquatic ]>roductions, said to separate by de- 
grees into fragments : between every articu- 
lation or joint is one or more crystalline 
points — hrwipts, Ungipes, unipunctata, 

Achnod6mton, Palisot de Beawoois, From 
achne, a chaff, or husk, and odon, a tooth. 
Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Graminicece. Very 
insignificant plants, of the easiest culture, in- 
creased by division and seeds. Synanyme: 1, 
Phalaris Bellardi. Bellirdi 1, t^nue. 

ACHRAS, Linn. The Greek name for the pear, 
or from oc, meaning a point, in Celtic, in 
allusion to the stiff spines with which the tree 
is covered. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapota- 
eew. These plants, in this country, possess 
little merit, but in the West Indies the fruit 
produced by some of the species is much es- 
teemed. A. sapdia yields a fruit as laige as a 
quince, the flesh of which is as yellow as a 
carrot ; it has an agreeable smell, and very 
rich taste ; the seeds, two in number, are ape- 
rient aud diuretic ; rich loamy soil ; cuttings. 
See BunUlia, LitcAma, aud MimHsaps. 
austrUis . . White 6, Q. Er. T. 20 N. HoIL . 1827 
Sapbta . . . White 6, 8. Ev. T. 30 8. Amer. . 1781 
Zapottlla . . White 5, 8. Ev. T. 10 8. Amer. . 1781 

AcHRAS Pear. See Pyrus eommilnis Achras. 

AchyrAntha. See A Utmanthera A ckyrdntha. 

AchtrXnthes, Linn. Aehuron, chaff, and 
anihos, a flower, in allusion to the chaffy 
nature of the floral leaves. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AmarantdcMS. Uninteresting plants, 
of easy culture. A. p6rrigens is the most hand* 
some species. See Chamissda, CMaddstachys, 
and DesmochMa. 

aigdntoa . . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Sicily . . 1713 
tfspera . . Pink 7, 8. Er. 8. 3 India . . 1751 
austriJis . . White 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. HolL . 1823 
brachiAta. . White 7, G. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1824 
crfspa . . . Wht gn. 7, O. Ev. & 3 8. Amer. . 1810 
dich6toma . Green 6, H. A. 2 N. Amer. . 
fruticdsa . . Purple 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1820 
nlvea . . . White 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Canaries . 1780 
obtusifdiia . Pink 8, & Ev. 8. 2 
p<Srri«:ens . Puiple 7, S. Ev. S. 2 . 1802 

pubdscens . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 1^ . 1821 

vertidllita . White 7, G. Ev. a 2 C. O H. . 1S20 
Tirgikta . . Wht gn. 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1817 

AchtroclIne. From aehuron^ chaff, and kline. 



ACH 



AGO 



a hed—flotoers. Linn, 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

AsterdcecB. SynonyjM: 1, Onaphalium aldtum 

— aliLtnm 1. 
Achtr6nia, Willd, From aehuron, chaff, in 

allusion to the chalTy hairs on the branches 

and leaves. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat Or. Fabiceas 

Papiliondicetz. The species is of easy culture. 

▼iUdM . . . Yellow 7, O. Et. & 8 N. HoU. . 1810 
AchtropXppds, Dt Cand. Aehuron, chaff, and 

pappus, down. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. 

Asterdeeas. A plant of little beauty, growing 

in common light soil. 

Bchkuhrioldes . Yellow 7, Har. Ail 1 Mexico . 18S0 
Achyr(3phoru8, 2>. Ihn. Aehuron, chaff, and 

phoreo, to bear; the receptacle being chaffy. 

Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteraceos. Mere 

weeds, of the easiest cultui-o and propagation. 

Synonymes: 1, Hypochdbris kdvitica ; 2, H. 

macuidta; 8, H. radicata — ^helv6tica 1, macu- 

Utta 2, radiciita 3. 
AciANTH&RA, Scheid, Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. 

OrchidAeecB. "A small Epiphyte resembling 

aiPleurolhdlli8.''—Bot. Beg. 

puncUtta . . GreeniBh 4, 8. EpL ^ Brasll . . 1843 
AciIkthus, RoUrt Brovm. From oArw, a point, 

and anikoSy a flower ; in reference to the bristly 

tips of the flower. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 

OrchtddcMR. Brown, small-flowered, tuberous- 
rooted plants : multiplied by divisions, and 

grown in loam and peat. 

caud&tu8 . . Brown 5, 6. To. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1824 

exBfertus . . Brown 5, G. Tu. P. 1 N. HolL . 1822 

fomic4tu8 . Brown 5, G. Tu. P. 1 N. HoU. . 1822 

AcicIkpha, Jussieu. From akis, a point, and 
karphty palea ; on account of the palea being 
spiny. Linn. 19, Or. 4, Nat Or. CaZyoBraceoi. 
A curious dwarf species, succeediug in peat 
and loam; propagated from divisions. Syno- 
nyjne: 1, Cryptoodrpha spahiUUa. 
■patuiata 1 . White 7, 8. Her. P. | Brwdl . . 1824 

AdfcuLAR, needle-shaped. 

Acid6ton, Swartz. From akidotos, pointed ; in 
allusion to the stinging hairs on the leaves. 
Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat Or. Euphorbidcecs. A 
species of no beauty, easily grown and propa- 
gated : — arena. 

AcinXciform, scimitar-like shaped. 

AciM^A, LindUy. From aJcineta, immoveable — 
lip jointless. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
ekiddcece. This genus is nearly allied to 
PeriatMa. Synonymes: \, PeriaUria Bdrkeri ; 
% P. Humbhldtiif Bot. Beg., Angulda supirba, 
Lindl. ; 3, Neippirgia chrysdniha. 
Bilrkeri 1 . . Yellow 6, S. BpL 2 Hexioo . 1848 
chryatfntha 3 . Y. w. cr. 6, 8. £pi. 2 Mexico . 1849 
d^cjuk ... 8. Epi. 

Htunbdldtil 2 . Pur. bm. 8, 8. Epi. 1 8. Amer. . 1848 
ftUva . . . Copper S, 8. Epi. 2 Venezuela 1842 
WartsTOwItBU . Yet red 7, 8. Epi. 2 8. Amor. . 1849 

AciNODJfiNDRON. See Micdnia Acinodindron. 

AcfNULA, Pries. From Acinus, stone-like seeds. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Mucorhceas. This 
is one of the plants known to farmers as 
blight, ergot, or spur, and is in some seasons 
most destructive amongst com, especially 
crops of rye. Cldtvus. 

Acibris, 2>. I>on. From akis, a point, and 



ouSf an ear ; in allusion to the petals. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat Or. Melastomduxcs. Pretty 
species, particularly aqitdtica; may be pro- 
pagated and grown the same as the genus 
Meldstoma. Synonymes: 1, RJUxia aqudtiea, 
Mcldstoma aqtUUica. 2, Meldstoma discolor. 
aqutfUca 1 . . W. red6, 8. £▼. B. 1 8. Amer. . 1798 
dLKX)lor 8 . . W. rode, 8. £v. & 1 Trinidad . 1816 

Acis, Salisbury. Taken from Acis, a shepherd, 
the sou of Faunus. LinM. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
AmarylliddeeoB. This ii a genus of pretty, 
dwarf, bulbous-rooted plants, delightmg in 
sandy soil, and multiplied by offsets. Syno- 
nymes : 1, LsucdjumaiUumndle; 2, L. rdseum ; 
3, L. tricoph^Uwm. 

autumn JOiB 1 . Pink. 9, fi. De. Bu. 1 Portugal . 1029 
grandifl5rua . . Wht 8, H. De. Bu. f Numidia . 1820 
reweus 2 . . . Red 8, H. De. Bu. { Gorsica . 1820 
trichophfllua8. Wht 1, H. De. Bu. ^ Spain . . 1820 

AciSAMTHisRA, Jussieu, Taken from aJcis, a 
point, and anlherct, an anther, on account of 
the anthers being pointed. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. MektsUmdceos. A curious evergreen 
shrub ; for propagation and culture see meld' 
stoma. Synonyms : 1, BMxia aeisanthira. 
quadrita 1 . . Pur. 8, 8. Bv. 8. 8 Jamaica . 1804 

AcMADkNTA, Bartl. Taken from akme, a point, 
and aden, a gland ; in allusion to glands on 
the anthers. Lin-n. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Buldceos. A handsome little species ; for cul- 
ture and propagation see DUmna. Synonyms: 
1, Adendndra tetragdna, 
tetracrbna 1 . Wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 0. G. H. . 1798 

AcK^LLA, Bieh. Taken from ahne, a point; 
in allusion to the pricking taste of the foliage. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. Asterdeea. Unm- 
teresting dwarf trailing species ; merely re- 
quiring to be sown in the open ground. Syno- 
nymes: 1, SpUdnthes AcnUUa, 2, S. ripens. 
See Helidpsis and Zaluzanea. 
oocident&lis . YeL 7, H. Tr. A. 11 8. Amer. . 1885 
x^pens 2 . . .YeL 7, H. Tr. A. l{ Carolina . 1818 
mauriti&na 1 . YeL 7, 8. Tr. A. l| Mauritius. 1768 

AcifkNA, Deeandolle. Derived from Aemenaf a 
nymph of Venus. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Myrtdcea. An ornamental species ; for cul- 
ture, &c., see Tristdnia, Synonyms: 1, Mc- 
irosidh-os floribHinda, 
floribOnda 1 . Wbt 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HolL . 1788 

AcnIda, Linn. Taken from a, privative, and 
knide, nettle ; the plant being like a nettle, 
but without stings. Linn. 22, Or. 6, Nat 
Or. Chenopodidcece. An uninteresting annual, 
only requiring to be sown in the open ground 
and kept clean : — cannaMn>a. 

AcocAMTH^RA, Don. From aeocSf a mucro, 
and anthera, an anther ; anthers uiucronate. 
A genus consisting of only a few species, which 
are included under C^trum. See Cistrum. 

AcofDiUM. See Trichocintrum. 

ACONITE. See AconUum. 

AcomItum, Toumefort, The name is given on 
account of some species being found plentiful 
about Acone, a town in Bithynia. Linn. 13, 
Or. 3, Nat Or. Ranunculd/cece. Ornamental, 
tall, free-flowering, very hardy plants, succeed- 
ing well under the shade of trees ; increved 



AGO 



8 



AGO 



by division or by seeds. All the species are 
to be dreaded, being highly poisonous. A. 
Napillus, and cdmmarum^ are drastic, and 
acnd in a high degree. The aconite has, how- 
ever, become of great service in many 
very troablesome disorders. In Sweden fa- 
vourable operations have been effected by 
an extract of the juice of the leaves of A. 
NapSllus in cases of rheumatism and inter- 
mittent fevers, applied in doses of from a 
grain to a scruple twice a day or offcener. A 
much larger dose has also been safely adminis- 
tered. Synonymea: 1, A incUndUvm, 2, A. 
aUisrimum. 8, A, pyreruHcum. 4, A. siriclum. 
6, A. pdUidtim, 6, A, Cdmmarum. 7, A, Na- 
p^lua pubiscens, S, A, Idxwn, 9, A, ros- 
trdtwii. 



acumin2ltam . 
aditum . . . 
flbidum . . . 
flbum. . . . 
am^num . . . 
amplifl5ruxn . 
angustlfbUum . 
Aiith6ra . . . 
Anthoroldeuml 
auBtr&le . . . 
autumnAIe . . 
barb&tiim . . 
BemhArdi&num 
bifldrum . , . 
Bntimi . . . 
callybdtryon . 
Clbninaruin 9 . 
carptfticum . . 
c^muuin . . . 

flexicatde . . 

paucifl5rum . 

ram^sum . . 
chiD^nse . . . 
cmsii .... 
commut&tum . 
CyiKSotonum 2 . 
Decand611ei . . 
decorum . . . 
delphinifblium. 
el&tum . . . 
^xninenB . • . 
eriosi&moii . . 
eul6phum . . 
eustichyon . . 
exalt&tum . . 
fltfcddum . . 
Florke&num . 

blcolor . . . 
fonn66iun . . 
Ffinkii . . . 
Galectdnum 
gibbbaum . . 
Gmellni . . . 
gr^le. . . . 
grandlflbrum . 
luUeri . . . 

blcolor . . . 
ham&tum . . 
heb^ynum . . 

xnultifiduxix . 
hlans . . . . 
hlspidiun . . 
Hdppii . . . 
lUinltum. . . 
IntermMium . 
tndnctum . . 
J^ulnil . . 
Japonicum . . 

ooBrtileum . . 
KoaUeJlnum . . 

pygmjJBum . . 
K6hleri . . . 
lacinibsum . . 
l*tum. . . . 



Blue 7, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Wht 6, H. 
Wht 7, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Pa. y. 7, H. 
Pa. y. 7, H. 
Pur. 7, H. 
LLw.ll, H. 
Pa. y. 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
P.blu.e, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Pur. 8, H. 
Pur. 7,H. 
Blue 7. H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 9, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Pa. y. 7, H. 
Pa. y. 7, H. 
Blue 0, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6. H. 
Pa. y. 6, H. 
Blue 0. H. 
Blue 0, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
BL w. 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 7,H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Pa. y. 7, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
Blue 6, H. 
P J>lu. 7, H. 
Pur. 7, H. 
Pur. 7, H. 
Blue 6,H. 
Pa. y. 6, H. 
Blue 0, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 0. H. 
Pa. y. 7, H. 
Flesh 8, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 0, H. 
Blue 0» H. 
Blue 0, H. 
Blue 7, H. 
Blue 0,H. 



. Tu. 2i 
. Tu.^1 
>r.P. l\ 



De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 9 
Her. P. 4 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 
De. 
Her. 

Her. P. 2 
Her. P. 8 
Her. P. 8 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu.2 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. « 
De. Tu.2 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 8 
Her. P. 2 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu. 1 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tiu 8 
De. Tu. 4 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu. 2^ 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. U 

De. Tu, 4 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 2^ 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 5 
Do. Tu. 4 
De. Tu,8 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 6 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 3 
De.Tu.2i 
De. Tu. 8 



SwiU. .1819 
S. Eur. . 1821 
EuFDiM. 1824 
Levant . 1752 
S. Bur. . 
AuBtria. 1823 
Europe. 1824 
Pyres. . 1690 
Jura . 1821 
Denm. . 1821 
N. Chin. 1840 
Sibeiia . 1807 
Europe. 1824 
Siberia. 1817 
Swltzld. 1821 
8. Eur.. 
Austria. 1762 
Carp.mo.l8lO 
Switzld. 1800 
Switsld. 1819 
Bwitdd. 1821 
Switzld. 
China .1838 
Switzld. 1819 
S. Eur. . 1823 
France . 1820 
Siberia . 1828 
Pynm. . 1824 
N.Amer. 1804 
EuroiM. 1822 
Europe. 1800 
B\m>pe . 1821 
CaucaBUBl821 
Europe . 1824 
Siberia . 1819 
Siberia . 1822 
Siberia . 1^22 
Switzld. 1801 
8. Eur. . 1824 
Switzld. 1826 
Himgar. 1822 
Cauoasu8l818 
Siberia . 1821 
Switzld. 1821 
Jura . 1821 
8. Eur. . 1821 
Switzld. 1820 
Italy . 1810 
Switzld. 1819 
Switzld. 1819 
8. Eur. . 1828 
Siberia. 1828 
Carinth.1828 
. 1821 
. 1820 
Europe. 1822 
Austria 1800 
JajKin . 1790 
Japan . 1700 
8. Eur. . 1820 
S. Bur. . 1828 
EurojM . 1824 
Switzld. 1820 
S. Eur. . 1820 



LamirckU8. 
Iaxifl6rum . 
Uxum . . . 
leucinthum. 
lupicldum . 
lyc<$ctonum . 



. Pa. y. 7, 
, Pa. y. 7, 
. Blue 0, 
.Wht 0, 
. Pa. y. 7, 
Pur. 7, 



macrophy llum . Pa. y. 7, 



miEzimuni 
mel<Sctonum 
MevM . . 
moldlKylcum 
m611e . . . 
Nap^us . . 

tflDUS. . . 

rubfllus. . 
nasHtum. . 
nemorteuxn . . . 

neomont&num . Blue 7, 
neubeigdnse 4 . Blue 0, 
nftidiun . . 
NutttflliiS . 
ochrtothum 
ochroleiicuin 
ollgoc&rpum 
OtconiAnuxn . 
ov&tum . . 
PhIIAmM . . 
panicul&tmn 
plic&tum . . 
prodt&ctum . 
pub^scens. . 
pyren&icum . 
rec6gnitum . 
rectum . . 
ilgidum . . 

Gfrandill6rum 
roetriltum . 

pilosilisou- ) 

lum . . ) 

rubicAndum . Pur. 

rhynch^thnm P. bL 

bloolor . . . W.bl. 7, 
SchleichM 7 . Blue 0, 
semi^e&tum 
septentrionUe 
sin^nse . . 
epeci^Mum 
Spreng^Ui . 
squarrbsum . 
Stoercki&num 
strictum . . 
tattricum 8 



Blue 7, 
Blue 0, 
Blue 0, 
Prsh. 8, 
Blue 7, 
Blue 0, 
Wht 
Blue 0, 
Pur. 7, 
Pa. y. 7, 



. Blue 0, 
, P.blu.8, 
. YeL 8, 
. Lt y. 7, 
. Blue 7x 
. Blue 0, 
.P.gn.0. 
. Pa.y. 7, 
. P.blu.7, 
. Blue 0, 
. Blue ^ 
. Blue 0, 
.YeL 0, 
. Blue 0, 
. Pa. y. 7, 
. Blue 0, 
. Blue 
. Blue 

^PUr. 7, 



. Blue 0i 
. Blue 7, 
. VioletO, 
. Blue 7, 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
Blue 



theriophdnum . Pa. y. 0, 



tortubeum 
t^xicum . . 
tra«r6ctonum 
umbrbsum . 
uncin&tum . 

Michauzi&r 

num . . 

vari^tum . 

albifl5rum . 

bloolor . . 

ooBrhleum . 
▼enftstum 
versloolor . 
yirgjltuni. . 
volhbile . . 
Yulp&ria . . 
Willdcnbvii . 
co<$ctonuin . 



P.bl. 0, 
. Blue 0, 
. Pa. y. 
.Blue 
.Blue 7, 

I Blue 7, 

.Pr.w.7, 
.Wht 
.W.bl. 7, 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blu.y.8, 
. Blue ' 
. Blue 
. Pa. y. 7, 
. Blue 01 
. Blue 0» H. 



Her. P. 2 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 8 
Her. P. 8 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu.4 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu.4 
De. Tu. 4 
Do. Tu.4 
De. Tu.4 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Til 8 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 6 
Her. P. 4 
Her. P. -8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 24 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu, 8 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 1 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 4 
De. Tu. 6 
Her. P. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. Tu. 2 



Pyren. . 1817 
Switzld. 1828 
8. Eur. . 3820 
. 1823 
Europe. 1821 
Alp.Eur.1696 

Kamtsc. 1828 
. 1821 
Switzld. 1825 
MoldaT. 1830 
. 1820 
EurojM . 1590 
Switzld. 1819 
Switzld. 1819 
Siberia . 1818 
CaucasuslB2S 
Europe. 1799 
S. Eur. . 1822 
Switzld. 1825 
N.Amer. 1829 
Bussia. . 1834 
Cauca8usl794 
Europe. 1823 
Europe . 1824 
Cuhmr. 1839 
Siberia. 1821 
France . 1816 
Switzld. 1825 
Siberia . 1821 
Europe. 1824 
Pyren. . 1789 
1820 



Switzld. 1825 
Siberia . 1826 
Switzld. 1810 

H. De. Tu. 2 Caxp.mo.1800 

H. Her. P. 2^ Siberia. 1819 

H. Da Tu. 4 Switzld. 1821 

H. De. Tu. 8 Switzld. 1819 

H. De. Tu. 8 Switzld. 1821 

H. De. Tu. 1 Siberia . 1818 

H. Her. P. 4 N. Bur. 1800 

H. Her. P. 2 Japan . 1849 

H. De. Til 3 . 1823 

H. De. Tu. 8 Europe. 1824 

H. De. Tu. 2 Siberia . 1822 

H. Her. P. 4 Austria. 1824 

H. De. Tu. 8 Siberia . 1824 

H. De. Tu. 4 Tauria . 17.52 

H. Her.P. 4 Europe. 1824 

H. De. Tu. N.Amer. 1812 

H. De. Tu. 2 Switzld. 1825 

H. Her. P. 2 Switzld. 1822 

H. De. Tu. 8 Switzld. 1825 

H. De. Tu. 4 N.Amer. 1768 

H. De. Tu. 3 N.Amer. 1800 



H. 
H. 
H. 
H. 
H. 
H. 
H. 
H. 
H. 
0»H. 



De. Tu. 6 
De. Ta 6 
De. Tu. 6 
De. Til 6 
De. Tu. 2 
Her.P. 8 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 
Her.P. 8 
De. Tu. 8 
De. TxL 8 



S. Eur. . 1597 
SwiUld. 1819 
Switzld. 1821 
Switzld. 1819 
Switzld. 1823 
Siberia . 1820 
8. Eur. . 1822 
Siberia. 179» 
Alp. Bu. 1821 
Eim>pe. 1823 
Switzld. 1825 



Ac<5ntias, Sm, Derivation of name unknown. 
For culture see Arum and Calddium. Syruh- 
nymes: 1, Jrum sagiUopfdlium ; 2, Calddium 
variegdtum. 

hastii^klius 1 . On. y. 5, 8. Tu. P. 1 & Amer. . 
yariegjltus 2 . On. y. 5, 8. Tu. P. 1^ 8. Amer. . 1888 

.^CORUS, Linn. Derived from a, privative, and 
A»re, pupil of the eye, in reference to its 
medicu properties. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
OroTUideecB. Marshy plants, of the easiest cul- 
ture. A, Odlamus is extremely useful, and 



AGO 



9 



ACR 



liUmsus says, the roots powdered might sup- 
ply the place of foreiga spices ; it is very 
aromatic and stimulant. 

COamufl . . ApetaL 6, H. Aq. P. S Britidn,innhs. 
gramlneuB . ApetaL 8, H. Her. P. ^ China . 1796 
terr«stri8 . . Apetal. 0, H. Her. P. 1 China . 182S 

Aoorf LED5NES. Plants destitute of cotyledons 
or seed leaves. 

AcRADkNiA, Kipp. Derived from akros, the 
summit, aud adtui a gland, top of ovary. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat Or. Rutdceci, Little green- 
house plants, easily cultivated in sandy loam 
and peat, and increased by half-ripened cut- 
tings. SyTumyme : 1, Ziiria FrankUnia* 
Fnmkllnia 1 . Wht. 4^ G. Er. S. 4 V. D. K .1800 

Acre, sharp, pungent 

Acrem5nium, Link. Derived from akreman, a 
branch, in reference to the clustered thecs. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. BotrytdeecB. Very 
curious plants, found growing generally upon 
dead aticks^fHscum, verticilldtum^ aUemdtvm. 

Acri6p8IS, Blume. From akroa, summit, and 
opsif, eye. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchid- 
acecR. * * Pretty little Epiphytes, with the habits 
oi Sarcdnihus pdllidit8.'*—Boi. Reg. 
densifldra . Oreen rooe 6, 8. EpL A Bcnneo . 1845 
javtfnica . . Tellow gn. 6, 8. Ej^. I Java . . 1840 
picta . . W. gn. pur. 6, S. EpL | Bantam . 1848 

AcBOC^FHALUS, BeTitham. The name is derived 
from akros, summit, kephale, head ; on account 
of the flowers being on the top of the branches. 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LamidcMB. A plant 
of little beauty ; increased from slips, andgrown 
in sandy loam. Synonyme: 1, LumnUzera cap- 
itala. 
capit&tas 1 . . White 7, H. A. 1 China . . 1800 

AcROCiiNiuic, Jlook. Derivation of name un- 
known. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AsUrdeece. 
A genus of beautiful everlasting flowers, natives 
of South- West Australia, and requiring the 
same treatment as other half-hardy annuals, 
atrordaeum . . Dark roee 8, F. An. Hybrid . 
rteoum .... Boee 6, F. An. Australia 1856 

Acroc5mia, Martiua. The leaves are in tufts, 
hence the derivation of the name, akros, top, 
and koiM, tuft. Linn. 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Palmdcea. This genus comprehends a portion 
of those majestic species of palms which, by 
their towering stems and gigantic foliage, soar 
to the height of thirty or forty feet, and give 
a feature of exquisite grandeur to the character 
of the countries they inhabit. They prefer a 
l^ht sandy loam ; and to grow them well, an 
atmosphere very moist and warm is indispens- 
able. They are increased Irom suckers. A. 
aeuledta is reported to have a trunk the size of 
a man's body, and the leaves prickly and longer 
than those of the Cocos. It produces a fruit 
the shape and size of a crab, with a thin, 
sweetish, astringent pulp, within which is a 
nut inclosing a white sweet eatable kernel. 
Synonymes: 1, Clico8<icuUata;2f G.fusifirmis; 
3, Bdctria globdaa-mlnor ; 4, Bddris gUMsa, 
Cdcoa ftui/lirmis. 

acule&ta 1 . . Tellow B. Palm. 40 W. Ind. . 1706 
fuBifbrmia 2 . . TeUow S. Palm. 40 Trinidad . 1781 
fflobtea . . . YeUow 8. Palm. 40 St Vtno. . 1824 



. 1820 
.1781 
.1824 

and 



Roian^Dsia . . Yellow 8. Palm. 40 Demerara 1834 

h6rrida . . . TeUow 8. Palm. 40 Trinidad . 1825 

minor 3 . . . Yellow 8. Palm. SO Trinidad 

■deroc&rpa 4 . YeUow 8. Palm. 40 W. Ind. 

tenuiidlia . . . Yellow a Palm. 40 BracU . 

Acrooeks. Flowerleas plants, as ferns 
mosses. 

AcROOii6cHiN, Schroder. Taken from akros, 
summit and gloehin, spear point Linn. 21, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Ainaramldcecs. An insignificant 
species, grown in any common soil, and in« 
creased from suckera. Synonyms: 1, Amardn- 
thus Acrogldchin — chenopodioides 1. 

AcRONf CHIA, Forakr. From akron, tuft or sum- 
mit, and onuXf a claw, on account of the 
original species having an incurved point at 
the top of the petals. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aurantidoeoi, A tall handsome shrub, bearing 
clustera of white flowers of an ez<^ui8ite odour, 
resembling oranse blossoms, combined with the 
aromatic warmth of ginger. Ordinary green- 
house treatment suits it ; and it may be propa- 
gated by cuttings, in sand, under a bell-glass. 
Cunninghiml Wht 7, O. £v. 8. 7 M oreton Bay 1888 

AcROP&RA, Lindley, From acros, the extremity, 
and jKra, a small sack, because of the saccate 
appendage at the apex of the labellura. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchidacecs. Very sin- 
gular and rather pretty plants, producing pale 
yellow, brown and spotted purple flowers in 
^ndent racemes. For culture and propaga- 
tion, see Stanhdpea, Synonynu: 1, Maxilldria 
galedta. 

ArmeniAca . Orange 
comtkta . . Brown 
flAvida . .Yellow 

LoddigMi 1 Yel. ft spot. 8, 8. Epl. 1 Mexico 
dtrina . . Pale yellow 8» 8. Epl. f Mexico . . 

AcROPHdRUS, Presl. From akros, summit, and 
phoreo, to bear. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodidoece, A genus of Ferns, nearly related 
to liavdUia, and requiring similar treatment. 
Synonymes : 1, Davdllia hispida; 2, J). Ndvcs 
ZecUdndice, 

afflnis . . . Brown 6, 8. Fern 1 Borneo . . 
hlspidua 1 . . Brown 6, 8. Fern 1 N. Zealand 

AcROPHfLLtTM, Benth. From akros, summit, 
and phyllon, a leaf, in allusion to the leaves 
growing at the apex of the branches, above 
5ie whorls of flowers. Ztnn. 10, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. CunoniAee^B. Very handsome greenhouse 
plants, flowering profusely during the spring 
months : of easy culture, and readily increased 
by cuttings of the half-ripened wood. SyjiO' 
nyme: 1, Acroph^llitm {Weinnidnnia) veniknim, 
vertioillAtum 1 Bed.y.S. G. Bv. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1836 

Acr6pteri8, Smith. Derived from akros, a point, 
and pteris, a fern. See AspUnium. 

Acr6ftilon. From akros, a point, and ptilon, 
a feather. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterocete. 
See Centaiirea and Serrdiula. 

AcROSPl^RMnu, Tode. Derived from akros, sum- 
mit, and ^rma, seed, in reference to the 
tumids on the apex of the plant emitting 
sporules. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Uredi- 
ndcecB. Interesting and minute productions, 
existing as parasites upon decayed vegetables 
— eomprissum, eomiUum. 



7, 8. EpL 1 Nicaragua . 1849 
6, 8. Epl. 1 Guatemala 1840 
6, 8. E^i. 1 Mexico . . 1850 
1828 



AOR 



10 



ACY 



Acro8f5riuM| Nees, This word is taken from 
akros^ top, and spora^ sporule, implying that 
the latter occupies the summit of the nlaments. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mucordcea, Minute 
species found upon the leaves of grasses and 
rotten oranges— /a«rwMM/Mm, monilioides, 

AcRdsTiCHUtf, Linn, Supposed to refer to the 
beginning of a verse, on account of the back 
surfaces of the leaves being so lined as to re- 
semble in some 4.egree the commencement of 
lines in poetry. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
PolypodibecoR. Very interesting species of 
tropical ferns, delighting mostly in a mixture 
of loam and peat They may be increased 
either by dividing at the roots, or by seed. A . 
ail^reum sometimes grows to the height of four, 
five, and even six feet A, alcicdme is a 
curious sf ecies, common in our plant-houses. 
Synonymea: 1, NeuroedUia prcuUmtimma; 2, 
Lomari^psis yapurinse. See Gymnogrdmmaf 
Lomd,ria, NiphiboluSy and NothochUkna, 
aldodrne . Brown 9, 8. Parasite } N. 8. W. . 1808 
^Ttim"^" } ^^ ^' ^' ^«^- ^' 1 W- Ind . 1824 
'^^^^^ }Bn.y«L7. 8. Her. P. 1 Braril . . 1833 
aliroiim ! . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 4 W. Ind. . 1816 
citrif&Uum . Yel. bn. d, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 
crlnltum . . Brown 7, 8. Hor. P. i W. Ind, . 1703 
fimbrUltum . Brown 8. Her. P. 1 Brasll . . 1834 
fiagelliferum Brown 8. Her. P. 1 B. Ind. . 1828 
funifdrme . Bn.yel.7, 8. Her. P. 1 Malacca . 
glandiilteum Brown 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1826 
^ilSnde . . Brown O. Her. P. 1 MoretonB. 1828 

^"flSS?^ |Ycl.bn.8, 8. Her. P. 1 Surinam . 1832 
latif&Iium' . T. blu. 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 
longifdlium . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 181 

"*«S?Si" }^'^ 10. 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 

piloaeUoldea Bn. yeL 7, a Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 18 

I"SS^t}B~^ «' 8. Her. P. 1 B. Ind. . 

"**d?^". }Brown 8, S. Her. P. 1 B. Ind. . 

simplex . . Brown 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1793 

sorbifdliiim . Brown 6, 8 CI. F. U W. Ind. . 1793 

8temm&ria . Brown 7, 8. Parasite Guinea . 1823 
yapurdnse 2 Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 

AcROTRkMA, Wight. Derivaticm nnknown. 
Linn, 13, Or. 8, Nat Or. DilleniAuoo. A 
genus of very pretty plants, nearly related to 
ManiincUl%L8, growing freely in a light rich 
soil, and increased by division. 
WUkert. Tollow 4 8. Her. P. \ Ceylon . . 1861 

AcrotrIchb, RoUrt Broum. Derived from 
tikiv8t a point, and thrix, hair, in reference to 
the hairy corolla. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
EpacridaeecR, Very ornamental but dwarf 
species ; for culture and propagation, see 
Achyronia. 

cordAta . . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 N. HolL . 1823 
divaric&ta . . White 5, 8. £▼. 8. 1 N. HolL . 1824 
ova]if6Ua . . . White 5^ G. Ev. 8. 1 N. HoU. . 1823 

AcT.^A, Linn. Aktara, an elm, in allusion to 
the resemblance the leaves bear to those of the 
elm. Linn, 13, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ranunculdeea:. 
Dwarf species, of little beauty ; for culture, Ac, 
see AconMum. Synonymes: 1, A. brachypilala 
ameHeana; 2, A. hrachypitala rUbra, See 
dmiclfugaf and Macrotys. 
tflba 1 . . . . White 6, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 



rhbra i , . . White 5, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 
spicJLU . . . White 6, H. Her. P. 3 Britain, rucks 

AcTiN^LLA, Pers. See Ericphtfllum. 

ActinocIrpus, Robert Brown, The derivation 
of the name is from aktin, a ray, and karpos, 
fruit, in allusion to its nidiated appearance. 
Linn. 6, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Aliamaeec^ Interest- 
ing floating aquatics, thriving only in water, 
or in moist situations. A . minor is a native 
of New South Wales, and grows well in a pot 
of sandy peat immersed in water. Seeds. 
Synonymes: 1, Alisma Danuudnium, Varna- 
sdnium stellAtum. 

Damasdniam 1 Wht 7, H. Aq. P. i England, ditches 
minor . . . Wht 6, G. Aq. P. i N. a W. . 

Actinochl6a, Willd. The name is derived from 
aktinf a ray, and chloa, grass, resemblance to 
grass. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat Or. Graininacece. 
Weeds of the simplest culture. Synonymes: 
1, Chondrdsium proc&mbens; 2, C. Unue, — 
hirsdta, procdmbens 1, prostrlita, tenuis 2. 

Actin6mbris, Nuttall, The name is taken 
from aktin, a ray, and msris, part, alluding to 
the radiated appearance peculiar to these 
plants. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat Or. Asterace€e. 
Ornamental species ; for culture, &c., see Cal- 
li6psis. Synonymes: 1, Coreopsis alAta; 2, 0, 
proc^a; 3, C. aUemifUia, Verbesina Core6psis. 

aULta 1 . . . TeUow 7, H. Her. P. 3 8. Amer. . 1803 
holiantholdes TeUow 7, H. Her. P. 3 8. Amor. . 1825 
proc&ra 2 . . Yellow 9, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amor. 17M 
squarrdsa 3 . Tellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1640 

AcTriNOPHYLLUM, Ruiz, and Pavon. Fi-om aktin, 
a ray, and phyllon^ a leaf ; leaflets disposed in 
rays round a centre. Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat, Or. 
Araliticece, Plants possessing little beauty, 
easily grown in light sandy loam and peat, 
and increased by cuttings, 
dlgit&tum . . Green 4, 8. Ev. 8. 10 R Ind. . 1820 

AcTiNOTHf RIUM, Kuvze, Compounded from 
aktinj a ray, and thyrion, a door, alluding to 
the radiated integument of the sporidia. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. UredindcecB. The 
species appears in the early part of the year 
upon the culms of grasses, and is orbicular, and 
almost black. — Qrdminis. 

Actik6tu8, LaHllar. Derived from actinotos, 
radiated, in reference to the rayed appearance 
of the involucrum. Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apideece. Interesting plants with curious 
leaves ; increased by division, and grown in 
loamy soil. Synonyme : 1, Eriocalia m^jor. 
Heli&ithi 1 . . White 6, G. Her. P. 2 N. Holl. . 1821 
leucoc^phalus . White 6, G. Her. P. 2 Swan R. . 1887 

Acuminate, cuspidate, having a long tapering 
point 

AcUTANQULAR, having sharp, or acute angles. 

Acute, terminating abiiiptly in a sharp point 

AcTNOS. Persoon. The name is supposed to be 
the Greek name of a balsamic plant. Linn. 
14, Or. 1, Nat Or. Lamidcece. Most of the 
species arc handsome, particularly .i. vulgaris, 
for culture, &c., see Thymus. Synonymes: 
1, Thpmus grandifldrus ; 2, T, hirha-hardni ; 
3, T. acyndideSf heterophjlltts ; 4, T. suavedlens; 
5, T. dcynos, 
alplnus . . . Pur. 8, G. B. i Austria . 1731 



ADA 



11 



ADE 



gnndifl^nu 1 


. Pur. 7, H. Tr. B. ] 


I 


1810 


gnreblena . 
hferba-borbni 2 


. Pur. 7, H. Ev. a I Crimoa 


. 18-20 


. Piir. 7. H. £▼. S. 1 Condca 


. 1820 


heterophtUua I 


\ Pur. 6, H. A. 


\ ItiOy . 
8. Eur. 


. 1822 


patavlnus . 


.Flesh 7, H. B. 


. 1776 




. Pur. 6, H. B. 


8pain . 


. 1820 


rotundUbUua 


. Pur. 6, H. Ev. 8. 


8pain . 


. 1880 




. Rod 7, H. A. 1 Greece 


. 1817 


▼illteus . . 


. Red 7, H. A. 1 Qermany 


.1817 


vulgilriBS . 


. Violet 7, H. A. I Britain, 


hea. 


Ada, Lindl. 


Derivation of name unknown. 



Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchiddceoe, A 
genus of pretty orchids, with the habit of 
Brdttia, and requiring similar treatment to 
the species of that genus. 

aurantiAca . . Or. red. 1, 8. BpL 1 N. Qrenada 1868 
AdAmia, Wallich. Named in honour of John 
Adam, M. D., of Calcutta. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Hydrangedcece. Ornamental species, 
cultivated in peat and loam, and propagated 
by cuttings. Synonyme: Ij CyanUissylnUica. 

cy&iea .... Blue 6, 8. £▼. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1829 
liydrangeeefbrmlB Blue 6, G. Er. 8. 8 China . 1846 
aylvHtica 1 . . . Pa. blue 6, 8. Ev. 8. S India . 1846 
Tersloolor . . . Blue 8, G. Ev. 8. 8 China . 1844 

Adah's apple. See Miisa paradisiaca; Citrus 
LimtUi Addmi, 

AdXmsia. See PuachHnia. 

Adam's needle. See Yiicca. 

Adans6nia, Linn. Dedicated to Michael Adan- 
son, a celebrated French botanist. Linn. 16, 
Or. 8, Nat Or. Stereulidcece. The lai>;est tree 
in the world is the Adansonia or Baobab- tree, 
the ti-unk of which has been found with a 
diameter of thirty -feet ; but its height is not 
in proportion. *'It is emollient and mucil- 
aginous in all its parts. The leaves dried and 
rrauced to powder constitute Lalo, a favourite 
article with the Africans, which they mix daily 
with their food, for the purpose of diminishing 
the excessive perspiration to which they are 
subject in those climates, and even Europeans 
find it serviceable in cases of diarrhoea, fevers, 
and other maladies. The fruit is, perhaps, the 
most useful part of the tree. Its pulp is 
slightly acid and agreeable, and frequently 
eaten ; while the juice is expressed from it, 
mixed with sugar, and constitutes a drink, 
which is valued as a specific in putrid and 
pestilential fevers."— -ff«)^•er, Bot. Mag. 2792. 
It delights in rich loamy soil, and cuttings of 
the large ripened wood strike best in a pot of 
sand, in a moist heat, under a glass, 
digit&ta . . . White 11, 8. Ev. T. 40 Guinea . 1724 

Adder's-tokoue. See Ophiogldssum. 

ADfeLiA, Linn. The common generic name is 
taken from the minute parts of fructification, 
and is derived from Oy privative, and deloSy 
visible. Linn. 22, Or. 18, Nat. Or. Euphor- 
hidcett. Ornamental shrubs, cultivated in 
peat and loam, and increased from cuttings. 
Acid&ton . . . Gn. wh. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Jamaica . 1768 
Bom&rdia . . Green 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Jamaica . 1768 
Ricln^Ua . . . Gn. wh. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Jamaica . 1708 

AdenAkdra, WUld. The derivation is fh>m 
adcn^ a gland, and aner, a male, or stamen, 
in allusion to the appearance of the stamens. 
lAnn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. RtUdeecs, Beautiful 
little shrubs, succeeding well in sandy peat, 



mixed with a little turfy loam, and projwigated 
easily by cuttings from the young branches 
planted in a pot of sand, under a glass, but not 
plunged. Synonymea: l^IXdsma linedria; 2, i>. 
margindia ; 8, £>. villdsa. See Aemadenia. 
acumin&ta . . Wht. 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1812 
flba .... Wht. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 0. G. H. . 1800 
amdbna . . . Red 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1798 
coriftoea . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. a 1 C. G. H. . 1720 
frAgrona . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. 6. H. . 1812 
line&ris 1 . . . Wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
marvin&ta 2. . Pink 6, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. . 1806 
8peci6sa . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1789 
mulUfldra . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. li C. G. H. . 1790 
paucifldm . . Pink 6, O. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1790 
umbell&ta . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 G. G. H. . 1790 
unifldra . . . Pink 6. G. Ev. a 1 C. G. H. . 1776 
villdsa 8 . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1786 

Adenanth^ra, Li7i7L The name is derived 
from adent a gland, and anthera, an anther, 
in allusion to a gland on each anther. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat Or. Fabdcece, Mimdsecd. Hand- 
some trees, thriving well in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and cuttings, with the leaves not 
shortened, root readily in a pot of sand, plunged 
in heat under a glass. A, Pavdnia is one of 
the largest trees in the E. Indies, and its 
timber is esteemed on account of its solidity ; 
the leaves are used by the natives in their 
ceremonies, and the common people eat the 
seeds. See Prosdpis, 

falc&U . . . TeUow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1812 
Pavonlna . . YeL wh. 7, 8. Bv. 8. 5 R Ind. . 1769 

ADENiiTTHOS, Lahillct, The name is from adeny 
a gland, and anihos^ a flower, in reference to 
the gland on the flower. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. ProiedcecB. Handsome species, requiring, 
like all Protedcece, great attention in cultiva- 
tion. They grow in sandy peat, and increase 
from cuttings in sand under a glass, 
barbfgera. . . Red 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 8wan It . 1846 
cune&ta . . . Red 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. HoU. . 1824 
obov&ta . . . Red 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. Hull. . 1826 
serfoea . . . Red 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. HolL . 1824 

AdenArium. From aden, a gland. Linn. 10, 
Or. 8, Nat. Or. CaryophyllhcccB. See Arenaria. 

AdIsnium, R. and 8. Aden, its native place. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Apocyndeea. fiver^ 
green shrubs, growing easily in sandy ])eat 
and loam, and increased readily by half- ri- 
pened cuttings. Synonymes: 1, Nirium ob^- 
8um, Pcuhypidium obhuin, Camerdria obhoy 
Adinivm ob^giim. 
H6nghel 1 . . Rose gr. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Aden . . 1845 

Adenocal^ MN A, Martins. From aden, a gland, 
and ccUymna, a covering ; because the leaves, 
bracts, and calyces are beset with conspiciious 
pateriform glands. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Bignaiiidcecs. Cultivation similar to the stove 
species of Bignhnia, Synonyme : 1, Bigndnia 
comdsa. 

comdeum 1 . . Yel 10, 8. Ev. Twi. 10 Bnuil . 1841 
nitldum . . .YeL 10, 8. Ev. Twi 10 BittaU . 1849 

AdenocJLrpub, BecandoUe. From aden^ a gland, 
and karpos, fruit, in allusion to the fruit 
being beset with glands. Linn. 16« Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. Fabdcece, When in flower these are 
splendid plants, and may be managed like the 
hardy species of Cytisus. A. foUol^sus and 
franketundea must be sheltered in frosty wea- 



ADE 



12 



AI)L 



ther. Sipumymes: 1, C^tiaua foliolosus; 2, 
(?«ni^ viscosa; 3, Ciftisus kispdnicus; 4, (7. 
complicdtus ; 5, SpArtium compluMumy G. com- 
plicdiua; 6, S. complicatwmj G. Uloninsis, 
foUoldBUH I . . ToL 5, a. Et. S. 8 Canaries . 1629 
frankenioldos 2 . Yol. d, 6. Ev. 8. S Canaries . 1S15 
hisp&iicuB 8 . . YeL 0, H. De. 8. 2 Spain . .1816 
iDtermMiua 4 . Yel. 6, H. De. S. 2 Sicily . . 1820 
paryifdliuB 5 . . YeL 6, H. De. 8. 8 8. Franco . 1800 
telon&iAis 6 . . YeL 6, H. De. 8. S S. France . 1800 

Aden6phora, Fischer. The derivation is from 
aden, a gland, and phoreOf to bear. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Campanulhcece. These are 
pretty border flowers, will grow in common 
soil, and increase from seeds, but will not 
allow of being divided at the roots. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Campdnula communis; 2, G. coro- 
nopifhlia; 3, C. tricuspidata ; 4, G. Pischeri ; 
5, G. inUmiedia; 6, G, Lamarkidna; 7, G. 
coronata ; 8, G. pereskiai/blia ; 9, (7. periplod- 
folia; 10, C. Rabelaisidna ; 11, G. stylhsa; 12, 
G. verticillata. 

commtinis 1 . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. l\ Siberia . 1810 
h:^brida . . Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia. 1810 
suavedlens . Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1816 
ooronopifdlia 2 Blue 6, H. Her. P. li Dahuria 1822 
donticul&taS . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1) Siberia. 1817 
Ffsoheri 4 . . Pa. blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1810 
GmeUni . . .Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 • Siberia . 1820 
interm^la 5 . Pa. blue 8« H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1819 
Lamarki&na 6 . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1824 
marsupUfldra 7 Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1 Dahuria 1818 
pereskiflBfOUa 8 Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1^ Siberia . 1821 
periploc!f51ia Pa. blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1884 
Babelaisi&na 10 Blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1823 
reticul&ta . . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia. 1820 
Btyldaa 11 . .Pa. blue 5, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 
verticiU&ta 12 . Lt blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1783 

Adenost^mma. From aden, a gland, and 
sUmma^ a crown. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
A sUrhcece. Annual weeds growing in common 
soil — rugosum. See Lavenia, 

Aden6stoma, Ifooker. Derived from aden, a 
gland, and stonia] a mouth. ' Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Sanguisarbdceas. Shrubs of the easiest 
culture, growing freely in anj light soil, and 
increased by cuttings of half-npened wood, 
fascicul&tum . Wht. 6, H. De. 8. 2 California. 1848 

AdekostVles. From aden, a gland, and stylos, 
a style. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdceof. 
Synonyme: 1, Uucoph^lla. A. dlbida, A. candi- 
dissima 1, A. petdsitis, A. glabra, A. viiidis, 
A. h^brida. See Gacdlia. 

AdenotrIchia, Lindley. Taken from adtny a 
gland, and Ihrix, hair ; the plant being re- 
markable for an intermixture of hairs and 
glands. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsteracecB. A 
species of little beauty and of easy cultivation. 
amplexicatOis . Yel. 6, O. Her. P. 2 Chile . . 1826 

Ad^MLA, Decandolle. Derived from o^ with- 
out, and desmoSf a bond ; in reference to the 
stamens being free. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
FabacecB, Papiliondtcece, Interesting trailing 
plants. The annual species, sown in pots on 
a hotbed in spring, and hardened by degrees, 
will succeed weft. The perennial species 
grow in loam and sandy peat ; and cuttings 
strike in sand under a glass : the stove species 
increase best from seeds. Synonymes : 1, ffed^- 
sarum muruAtum ; 2, jBs^yn6mene papposa. 
glutintea . . YeL 6, O. Ev. 8. 2 Chile . . 1881 



Loudbnia . . YeL 5, G. Bv. 8. 2 Valparaieo 1832 

microphtlla . YeL 6, F. Ev. 8. 2 Vidparaiiio 1830 

muric&ta 1 . . YeL 6, G. De. Tr. 2 Patagonia 1793 

pappdsH 2 . . YoL 6, G. De. Tr. 1 Chile . . 1823 

p^ndula . . . YeL 6, F. De. Tr. 1 B. Ayree . 1825 

uspallat^naia . YeL 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 Chile . . 1832 

Tiaodsa . . . YeL 8, H. 8. 12 Chile . . 1831 

Adqlutinatbd, glued to anything; generally 

applied to filaments and anthers. 
AdhXtoda. a Malabar name. Idnn. 2, Or. 

1, Nat. Or. Acanthdcece. See Justicia. 
cydonief&lia . Wh. pur. 10, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Braril . 1856 

AdiXntum, Linn. Derived from adiantoSf dry. 
Pliny says, it is in vain to plunge the 
adidnhim in water, for it always remains dry. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodi^cece. Ele- 
gant species of ferns, with beautiful leaves. 
They succeed well in a mixture of loam and 
pea^ but they appear to thrive best if planted 
in loose rock-work where is a good drainage, 
and may be increased by divisions or by seeds. 
A. pedAtum and Capilltis- Veneris are pectoral 
and lenitive. Synonymes: 1, A. trig^nmn ; 

2, A. peTitaddctyloti ; 8, A. flexuosum. 
nthl6picum . Bm. 9, 8. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . IS^ 
aaaimile 1 . . Bm. 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1823 
BrajEilidnae . . Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Bnudl . . 1844 

^^li^Sis ! }®™- 7,G. Her. P. f Britain, rocka 
cbUdnse . .' . Bm. G. Her. P. Chili . . 
oord&tum . . Br. y. 8. Her. P. 1 Mendanao 

concfnnum. . Bm. 6, a Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1859 
cultriLtum 2 . Bra. S. Her. P. Trop. Amer. 

cune&tum . . Bm. 8, G. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1820 

deltoldeum . Bm. 8, G. Her. P. 1 8. Amisr. . 1820 

denticul&tum . Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 1825 

Fefei 3 . . . Bm 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1866 

flabellifftlium . Bm. 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Janudca . 

flav&cons . . YeL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 

folidflum . . Bm. 8, G. Her. P. 1 

formdsum . . Bm. 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. HoIL . 1820 

Fove&num . . Bm. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 

hispidtUum . Bm. 8, G. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1822 

Iftcidum . . . Bra. 8. 8. Her. P. 1 8. Amer. . 1824 

lunitum . . Bm, 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1823 

macroph^Uum Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1793 

Moritzi&nixm . Bra. 0, 8. Her. P. f 8 Amer. . 1838 

obUquimi . . Bm. 4, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 1826 

p&tcns . . . Bm. 7, S. Her. P. 1 Brasil . . 1824 

pedAtum . . Bm. 7. 8. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1640 

pentadtfctylon Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1828 

pub^soens . . Bm. 4, H. Her. P. 1 K. HolL . 1830 

pulveruldntum Bra. 7, G. Her. P. 1* W. Ind. . 1793 

radULtum . . Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. I W. Ind. . 1776 

renifdrme . . Bm. 7, G. Her. P. | Madeira . 1699 

rhomboldeum . Bm. 7. G. Her. P. 1 8. Amer. . 1820 

scAbmm. . . Bm. 7, G. Her. P. 1 Chili . . 

serml&tiim . Bm. 8, 8. Her. P. | Jamaica . 1822 

setuldsum . . Bra. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Norfolk I. 1845 

Btariitum . . Bra. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind, . 1822 

otilphtoeum . YeL 7, G. Her. P. 1 Chili . . 

t^erum . . Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1793 

tera&tum . . Bm. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 a Amer. . 1819 

tfnctum . . . Bm, 8, G. Her. P. 1 Pera . . 

trapferiforme . Bm. 6, 8. Her. P. li W. Ind. . 1793 

triangulAtum . Bra. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Trinidad . 1824 

virium . . . Bra. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 8, Amer. . 1820 

villdsum . . Bm. 7, S. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1775 

AdIna, Salisbury. The name is taken from 
adinoSt clustered ; on account of the flowers 
being in heads. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Gin^chonduxcB. The species is a pretty little 
plant; for culture, ^c, see NaUuHea. Syno- 
nyme: 1, NaiUlea AcUna, 
globifldra 1 . . Wht 7, a Bv. a 2 China . . 1804 

ADLtiMiA, Pafin. Given in reference to the 
purplish fringy character of the flowers, Linm. 



ADN 



18 



MQL 



17, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Fumariaceas. This in- 
teresting climbing species requires to be sup- 
ported by stakes ; it succeeds well in common 
soil, and increases readily from seeds sown in 
a damp situation. Syrumyme: 1, Corpdalis 
funghsa. 
cirrhfisa 1 . . Wht 8, H. CL B. 16 N. Amer. 1778 

Adnatb, adhering ; applied to parts of 'different 
whorls adherent one to another, and to anthers 
when they are attached to the filaments by their 
whole length. 

Ai>5yi8, Linn. It is said that this plant sprung 
from the blood of Adonis when wounded by a 
boar, alluding to the blood-red colour of the 
flowers of many of the species. Adonis is 
stated to have been a great favourite with 
Venus. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Banun- 
culheecB. Pretty, free-flowering species ; espe- 
cially A, vemdliit and A. aiUumndliSt both of 
which are favourites in the flower-garden. 
They all succeed well in any common soil ; 
the annual species are easily increased from 
seeds, and the perennial either from seeds or by 
dividing the roots. Synonymes : 1, A. minidta ; 
2, A. vemdlis, Mentzelii, 

cestivimfl 1 . . Scar. 6, H. A. 1) & Eur. . 1629 

apenmna 2 . . TeL 4 H. Her. P. 1 Alp. Rur. 
atitamnMis. . Crim. 7, H. A. 1 Britain, co. fid. 

citxlna . . . Orao. 6, H. A. 1 S. Eiir. . 1819 

davtirlca. . . Tel 4, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1827 
distdrta . . . TeL 4, H. Her. P. 1 Naples . 1827 
fUmmea. . . TeL 6, H. A. 1 Austria . 1800 

fl&va .... Tel. 6, H. A. 1 B. Eur. . 1800 

microcjkrpa . . Flesh 6, H. A. 1 Spain . 1824 

pyrenMca . . TeL 7, H. Her. P. \\ Pyrenees 1817 
aiblrica . . .TeL 4, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1827 
veraUis . . .TeL 8, H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1829 
volg^nsifl . . ToL 6, H. Her. P. 1 Volga. . 1818 

Ad<5xa, Linn. Derived from a, privative, and 
doacoj glory ; alluding to the want of show in 
the flowers, these being of the same colour as 
the leaves. Liwn. 8, Or. 4, Nat. Or. AraliAceas. 
The plant ia very dwarf and interesting, flou- 
rishing best under the shade of trees ; it is 
increased by offsets. 
Mos<^uitel11na . On. yeL 4, H. Tu. P. 4 Britain, woods 

Adult, full-grown. 

Aduncous, crooked, twisted, or hooked. 

Advei^ture bat fine. Bee Phyllodaduarhom- 
hoidAlia. 

ADTskroN. See Alyssum. 

.^ScHM&A, Huiz. and Pavon. From aichme, a 
]K>iut, in allusion to the rigid points on the 
calyces. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brmneli- 
dcem. Very showy plants, thriving in a com- 
post of rich fibrous loam and leaf-mould, and 
increased by suckers. Synon/yme: 1, Pit- 
caXrnia tuavetlens. 

discolor . . Scpur. 6, S. Her. P. 2 BraaU. . 1844 
fiilgens. . . Scblue 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Cayenne. 1842 
If^dnli . . Scarlet 6, S. Her. P. 1 S. Amer. 1860 
Ifert^nsii . . On. red 8, S. Her. P. 1^ Demorara 1880 
mncroniflbra . Tellow 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Peru . . 
auavedlens 1 . Pink 4, S. Her. P. 2i Brazil. . 1888 
specttCbilis . Scarlet B. Her. P. 

.^EiCfDiUM, Pers. Taken from aikum, a wheel, 
and eidas, like ; like pustules. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Uredin^ctce. These plants are 
found upon the leaves of other vegetables, and 
one of them is known to agriculturists under 



the name of red gum. This species usually 
grows inside the flumes of the calyx, under 
the epidermis, which, when the plant is ripe, 
bursts, and emits a powder of a bright orange 
colour. It does not appear to be roateriallv 
injurious to the grains. Before the cuticle which 
covers the fungus bursts, it has much the 
appearance of a pustule upon the human body, 
-—Loudon* s Ency. of Plants.— alUseens, AllH, 
Arif BehhUSy Berbtridis, BUnii, Cdlthce, can- 
celUUum^ cori^ftrtum^ comiUum^ Epildbii, Eu- 
phdrbicBf GeranU^ OrossuldricB, Jacobd^ lacerd- 
turn, LeguminMdrum, leucospSrmwn, M&nthas, 
Ordbif PerixlymHiy P\m^ PrendnthiSj Pri- 
mulcB, quadrifidumf Banunculacedrunij Bhdm- 
nif niUllum, Soldanillce^ Tardacaciy TTuiMctri, 
TtLssildginiSy Ur^ox, VaUrianacedrum, Violdr 
rum. 

.^SoERiTA, Persoo7i. Derived from aigeiroSf a 
poplar ; the species being first discovered on 
it. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. MucordcecB. 
Exceedingly minute productions, found gene- 
rally on dead YtwA—cdndiday setoea. 

.^joIgeras. From aix, aigoSy a goat, and keras, 
a horn. Fruit. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
MyrsinduxcR. The cultivation is easy ; the 
soil most suitable is a mixture of loam, heath- 
mould, and sand : and cuttings of the half- 
ripe wood, root in sand under a gloss, in a 
little heat, 
frftgrans . . White 4, O. Ev. S. 6 N. HolL . 1824 

-^SoiLOPS, Xtnw. Goafs eye. Supposed to be 
useful for a disease of one comer of the eye ; 
hence the name. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Gra- 
mindUMB. Uninteresting hardy species of grass 
of the simplest culture. Synonyme: 1, jB, 
iritmcidlia. — caudkta, cylindrica, h^^strix, 
ovkta, squarrbsa, triarist&ta 1, triunci&lis. 

^oiNkriA, Boxb. Named in memory of Paul 
.£ginette, a celebrated physician. See Lifo- 
stoma campanulifidra. 

^ofPHiLA, Linn. A favourite of goats, hence 
the name, atse, a goat, and pkUoSf dear. Linn. 
4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Verbend^eeoB. Handsome 
species, delighting in open loamy soil, and 
propa^ted from cuttings in sand under a 
glass in heat. 

arbor^Bcens . White 8. "Ev. 8. 8 Trinidad. 1828 

difirtisa . . . Tellow 7, 8. Bv. 8. 2 W. Ind. . 1824 
el&ta . . . . Pa. yeL 8, 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Ind. . 182» 
fdbtida . . . Lilac 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Ind. . 1820 
grandifldra. . Tellow 11, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Havanna 
martinie&isis . White 9, 8. Ev. & 6 W. Ind. . 1780 
obovAta . . . Tellow 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Ind. . 18o4 
trfflda . . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Jamaica . 1820 

J^LE, Correa. The word is from ceglej one of 
the Hesperides. Linn, 18, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
AurantiAceoe. The fragrant flowers of this 
ornamental shrub (the Bengal Quince) are 
succeeded by a fruit resembling an orange, 
which is thus spoken of by Mr. Don. — '* The 
fruit is much larger than that of Peronia 
eUphdntuiriy and is very delicious to the taste, 
and exquisitely fragrant. It is not only nu- 
tritious, but possesses an aperient quality 
which is particularly serviceable in habitual 
costiveness ; it contains a large quantity of ex- 
ceedingly tenacious transparent gluten, which 



^GO 



14 



^SO 



may be drawn out when fresh into fine threads, 
two or three yards in length." From the rind, 
the Dutch in Ceylon prepare a perfume. 
M&rmelos . . Wh. rod 4, S. Er. 8. 8 R Ind. . 1759 
iEaocHL5A, Benth. From aia:, a goat, and ckl^>ay 
a green herb ; alluding to the foetid smell of 
some of the species. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PolemanidcecB, For culture and propagation, 
refer to the genus Oilia. 

atractyl6ides . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 1 Califor. . 1838 
ootulffif6U» . Blue . . 6, Hor. An. 1^ Califor. . 1833 
cryngibides . Wh. blue 6, Har. An. 1 Chili . . 1833 
intert^xta . . Blue . . 6, Hor. An. 1 Califor. . 1833 
pub^acens . . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 1 Califor. . 1833 
ptingens . . Blue . . 0, liar. An. 1^ Califor. . 1826 

.^EksoMiHATHRUM. From aix, aigos^ and mara- 
tkroiiy fennel. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Aptdee(K, Curious plants, of the easiest cul- 
ture and propagation. Synonymes : 1, Cdchrys 
SicuUtf Uippom&rathrum Siculum, Hip. oris- 
jpum. — crispum 1, pterochlaenum. 

./Egop6dtum, Linn. The resemblance of the 
leaves to a foot, hence the derivation, from 
aix, a goat, and podion, a little foot. Linn. 
5, Or- 2, Nat. Or. Apidccm. Common gout- 
weed. Troublesome weeds : the leaves smell 
like Angelica, and may be eaten in salads. 
PodagriLria . . Wht 6, H. Her. P. 2 Britain, aha. pi.- 
variegJlto . . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 2 England, aha. pi. 

-^Eqop5gon, Humboldt. Compounded from aix, 
a goat, and pogon^ a beard. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. GramindLcecR. Curious species of 
grass, of easy culture. 

puslllua . . . Apetal 7, Orass . \ S. Amer. . 1822 
trisUuB . . . Apotal 7, Oroaa . 1 S. Amer. . 1823 

.^IollAnthus, Martins. The flowers are subject 
to vary, hence the name from aiollo, to vary, 
anda7i^«, flower. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Lamidcece. This interesting species delights 
in sandy loam, and is increased freely from 
seeds, 
suaveblens . . Wht 7, S. A. 1 Brazil. . 1825 

.^E6nium, Webb, One of the synonymes given 
by Dioscorides to Sempervtimm arbdreum. 
Linn. 10, Or. 5, Nat Or. Crassuldcece. Found 
growing on bare rocks, and require similar 
treatment to Mesembryanthemum. Synonyme: 
1, Sempervivum Y<mngid,nuin. 
cru^ntum . . YeL 5, O. Ev. 8. 2 Canariea . 1824 
YoungiAnum 1 . YeL 6, O. Ev. B. 8 Canaries . 1843 

-^UILATEEAL, equal sided. 

AerAnthus, Lindley. From aer^ air, and 
anthos, a flower ; in allusion to the manner in 
which the plant grows. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Orchiddkceai. Very singular plants, with 
large, solitary, and scentless flowers. They 
require the same treatment as V&nda. 



grandiflbra . 
aesquipedilifl 



YeLgn. 6, B. EpL | Madagaac. 1823 
White 6, 8. Epi 1 Madagaac 1823 



-^RiAL ALOiE. See Lichens. 

^RIAL FLAGS. See Lichens. 

A&RIDES, Loureiro. Named from oer, the air, 
because they possess the power of living almost 
entirely upon the matter which they absorb 
from the atmosphere. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. OrckidacM!. The flowers produced by 
some of the plants are delightfully fragrant, 



as A. odordta, the flowers of which are of a 
delicate, light flesh colour, and disposed in a 
loose, drooping spike, from six inches to a foot 
long, which grows from the axils of the leaves. 
For culture and propagation, see Vdnda. 
Synonymes : 1, A^ridcs muUiflora ; 2, EpidUn- 
drum stibtUdtitm ; 3, A^rides comiUa; 4, JS. 
BrooJdi ; 5, Y&ndck tesselldtaf Cyrnbidium tesseU 
loideSj Vdnda RoxbHrghii ; 6, A^rides ajine ; 
1 y A^ridts fldkvidum ; 8, Vdnda parvifloray JS. 
testdceum. 

afllne 1 . . . Pink . . 7, a EpL 1 J Sylhet . 1837 
arachnites . . Bm. pink 5, 8. EpL 1 Japim . 179S 
crispum 1 . . Wht rose 5, 8. EpL 1 E Ind. . 1840 
oylindricum . ¥rht red 0, 8. EpL 1 K Ind. . 1856 
fl4vidum . . .YeL pink 6, 8. EpL 1 1840 

Lindley&num . 8. EpL 

L6bbii .... 8. EpL 

macul6sum . . Pur. spt 6, 8. EpL 1^ Bombay 1844 
odontochUum . Wbt pur. 7, 8. EpL l\ Sylhet . 1837 
odoriktum 3 . . Wbt lilao 8, 8. EpL li E Ind. . 1800 
quinquevtilnenim Pink . «, 8. EpL i Philipp. 1838 
Reichenb^hii . 8. Epi. 1 

r5eoum . . . Rose . . 0, 8. EpL 1 K Ind. . 1840 
Ruavlaaimum . Wh. UL or. «, 8. EpL 1 Malacca 1848 
teaaell&tum 5 . Wht pur. 6. 8. Epi. li E Ind. . 1838 
vlrcna .... Pur. wht 4, 8. EpL 1 Java . 1843 
sup^hum . . Pur. wht 4, S. Epi. 1^ Java . 1840 
Wirneri ... 8. EpL 

WightiAnum 8 . Y. blue red 6, 8. Epi. 1 Ceylon . 1858 

fRbBiUM. See Angrdicum. 
RUA, Forskahl. Taken from eroim, its Arabic 
name. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AmaranUxecs. 
Interesting little plants of easy culture. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Celosia lanata. 

javtoica . . . Wht 6, 8. Her. P. 2 B. Ind. . 1768 
lan&ta 1 . . . Wht. 6, a Hor. P. 1 E Ind. . 1601 

-^RUGINOUS, having a colour like verdigris. 

-^EschynAnthus, Jack. From aischuno^ to bo 
ashamed, and anthos^ a flower. Linn. 14, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Cyrtandrdeea. These are truly 
beautiful plants, and deserve a place in every 
collection. They are epiphytes, and thrive 
best in chopped moss, and broken pots ; they 
also grow freely upon old stumps of trees, and 
are easily increased by cuttings. Synonyms : 
1, Incarvlllea parasiticay Trichosporum grandi- 
Jlbrumy jE. parasiticus; 2, Lysionhtis Umgi- 
flhra : 3, jE. rddicans^ Trichospbrum rddioans; 
4, Trichosporum pdZchrum ; 6, Trichospbrum 
dWidwm, Bignhnia dlbida, LysionoHs dUndus ; 
6, JB. parasiticus; 7, -^. Aucldndii; 8, JS. 
Teysmdnnii. 

atrosangulneua Dark red 7, 8. EpL 1 Java . .1848 
Bo8chi4nua . . Scarlet . 7, 8. EpL 1 Java . . 184S 
ctfndidus . . . Wht red 7, 8. EpL 1 
chindtisis. . . Scarlet . 7, 8. EpL 1 
oordifMius . . Scarlet . 6, 8. EpL 1 Borneo . 1858 
dfaoolur . . . Gr. acar. 7, & Epi. 1 Java . . 1848 
fiilgens . . . Scarlet . 6, S. EpL 1 Houlmein 1855 
grandiflbra 1 . Scarlet . 8, 8. EpL 5 E. Ind. . 1837 
Horsfifeldii . . Pa. acar. 8, 8. l^L 1 Java . . 1844 
Javinicua . . Scarlet . 7, 8. EpL 1 Java . . 1848 
LobbiJLnus . . Scarlet . 6, S. EpL 1 Java . . 1845 
longifldrua 2 . Scarlet . 6, 8. Epi. 2 Java . . 1845 
macuJiltua . . Scarlet . 8, 8. EpL 3 India . . 1830 
marmorJltuB . O. br. rd. 7, 8. EpL 1 Java . .1848 
miniitua 3 . . Scarlet . 6, S. EpL li Java . . 1845 
Paxt(^ni . . . Scarlet . 4, S. EpL 2 Khoseoa . 18S9 
PeMii .... Scarlet . 7, S. EpL li 
pulch^us . . YeL acar. 7, S. Epi. 2 Trinidad . 1810 
pfdcher 4 . . Scarlet . 7, a EpL 1 Java ; . 1845 
purpuriacena 5 Pur. yel. 8, S. EpL 1 Java . . 1845 
mdicana . . . Rod . . 8, S. EpL li Siunatra . 1845 
ramoslasimua 6 Scarlet . 6, S. BpL 8 Khoseea . 1837 
r^na . . . Scarlet . 6, 8. EpL | Java . . 



MSG 



15 



AGA 



Roxb(irgbll. . Scarlet . 7, & Ev. S Rind. .1837 

Bpecidsus 7 . . Or. red . 8, S. EpL S Java . . 1846 

spl^didiu . . Vt 8C. or. 7, 8. EpL 1 Hybrid . 
TeyBmanniinua Scarlet . 6, S. Epi. 1\ 

tricolor . . . Scar. yeL 7, S. EpL 1 Borneo . 1857 

xebrinua 8 . . Scarlet . e. S. Epi 1 Java . . 1847 

i£scHTN<5MENE, Idftfi. Derived from aischuno, 
supposed to be a little sensitive. Xinn. 17, 
Or. 4, Nat Or. Fabacece, Papilionacea. Or- 
namental plants, requiring a moderate heat to 
preserve them through the winter ; open loam 
suits them best, and cuttings root in heat 
under a glass. Syrumymes: 1, jS, viscidula ; 
2, ^. prostrata. 

ameridoia . . Tel. 7, B. A. 2 Jamaica . 1732 

Aipera . . . . TeL 0, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1769 

crepitans . . . Yel 7, S. Ev. S. Garaocas . 1820 

hirpida . . . Yel. H. A. 2 N. Amer. . 1803 

Indlca .... Yel 6, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 17»9 

pdtuU . . . . YeL 7, 8. Bv. S. 2 Maurlt . 1826 

ptedula . . . YeL 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Maurit . 1826 

ptunila ... YeL 7, & A. 2 R Ind. . 1818 

seneitlTa . . . Wh. 8. Ev. S. 3 W. Ind. . 1783 

Bubviacdea 1 . . YoL 7» 8. A. 2 R Ind. . 1816 

▼ieddula 2 . . YeL 7, G. A. 8 Florida . 1816 

.^IscULTJS, Linn, The name is given to a kind of 
oak which bears an edible fruit, and is derived 
from etca, food or nourishment. Linn, 7, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Sajyindacece, Showy trees, of con- 
siderable magnitude, well adapted for planting 
singly in parks or lawn.9, having at all times a 
pleasing appearance, but more especially when 
in flower. A deep loamy soil suits them, and 
they may be increased either by layering, 
grafting, or budding, and some produce good 
seed, by which they can be with advantage 
increased. The bark has been used success- 
fully in intermittent fevers, and with good 
success in dyeing yellow colours. Synonyrrus : 
1, Oalathprsus califbmica; 2, Phvia indica; 
8, j^. cdmea. 

oalifbmica 1. . Wht 6, H. De. T. 40 California 1857 

fWbra . . . . Gn. y. 5, H. Do. T. 80 N. Amer. 1812 
Lippoofbtanum Wbt 6, H. De. T. 40 Asia . . 1629 
flore plino . . Wht 6, H. De. T. 20 Gardens . 
foL arg^nteis . Wbt 5, H. Do. T. 20 Gardens . 
variegatum . Wbt 5, H. De. T. 80 Asia . . 1629 
indica 2 . . . Wht. 5, H. De. T. 80 India . . 1828 
ohio&isia . . . Wht 6, H. De. T. 30 N. Amer. 1880 
pOlida. . . . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 40 N. Amer. 1812 
rubictoda 3 . . Bed 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1820 

u^IsTiVATiON, applied to the calyx and corolla 
of a flower when in the bud, before expansion. 

.^ffrvovB, scorching, glowing, like summer. 

^^GrHALiuif, Link. The name is taken from 
aithakSt splendid ; alluding to its showy 
appearance. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Lyco- 
perdaee4B. This species appears in autumn, 
on the bark in stoves— ^vum. 

JEnwBiLkiiA, See Phaylopais, 

.^fiTHEORHizA. From aiiho, to scorch, and 
rhiza^ root ; appearance. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteracaz. See Le6nlodan. 

JErrukKiA. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orehi- 
ddcecB. SynonyTMs: 1, Ooodyera occiUta, Pla- 
tyi^pis goodyerdides. 
occtUta . . Wht gm. 10, & Ter. Or. 1 Maurit 1838 

.^EnnoNfeMA, R. Brown. Derived from aitho, 
to scorch, and nema, a filament ; in allusion 
perhaps to some sunburnt appearance in the 
stamens. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassi- 



Pretty alpine plants, adapted for 
ornamenting rock-work ; they grow well in 
common soU, and may be increased either by 
seeds or cuttings. Synonymea: 1, Thldtpi 
ardbieum; 2, T. saxdtiie. 

Buxbatimii I . Pa. red 6» H. A. % Levant 1828 

oordifblia . . . Rooe . 6, H. Er. a | MtXeb.l8S0 
grtKcile .... Pa. red 6, H. A. | Camio. 1828 

membnuiAceum Lilao . 7, H. Her. P. I Persia . 1829 
monospdrmum. Pa. par. 7, H. Her. P. \ Spain . 1778 
parvifl&rum . . Lilac . 7, H. Her. P. i Persia . 1880 
eaxitile 2. . . Flesh . 6, H. A. i 8. Eur. 1760 

.^2thi5nla, D. Don, Derived from JBthum, one 
of Phoebus*s horses. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. AsUracecs, An ornamental genus ; for 
culture, &c., see ffierdcium. Synonymes ; 1, 
Cr^pia JUi/onnis ; 2, HierdiciumfnUicdsum, 
fiUfbrmia 1 . .YeL 6, G. BL li Madeira . 1777 
frutic6ea 2 . . YeL 6, G. Et. 8. 1^ Madeira . 1785 

.^iTHtrsA, Linn, The name alludes to the dan- 
gerous acridity of the plants, and is derived 
from aithusso, to heat, or make hot. Linn. 5, 
Or. 2, Nat Or. ApiActca. Quite hardy species, 
of little beauty and of the simplest culture. 
The stem and leaves of jB. Cynhpium are poi- 
sonous, and contain a peculiar alkali called 
cynopia. 

Cynapioldes . Wh. 6, H. An. 1^ Caucasus .1817 
Cynfcpium . Wh. 7, H. A 2 Britain, oo. fields 

elAta . . . Wh. 8, H. A 2| 1781 

Mtua . . . Wh. 7. H. Her. P. 2 1781 

African almond. See Brahijum. 

African fleabane. See Tarchondtnthus. 

African ult. ^q Agapdinihiis. 

African lotus. See Zizyphus Lotus. 

African marigold. See TagiUs ericla. 

African oak. See Vitex Donidma. 

African teak. See Vttex Donidna. 

Afz&lia, Decandolle. Named in honour of 
Dr. A. Afzelius. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Fabdceoe. A pretty stove plant, growing freely 
in sandy peat and leaf-monld, and is propa- 
gated by cuttings planted in sand under a 
glass in heat 
Afridkna . . Crlm. 6, 8. Ev. T. 80 8ierTa Leone 1821 



See Aloepxlon, AquHdria, Ex- 
From agaZmOy an oma- 



AOALIibCHUM. 
eaxdria, 

AoALMtiiA, Blume. 

ment, and htUe, a forest ; in allusion to the 
ornamental appearance of the species in the 
woods where they naturally grow. Linn, 14, 
Or. 2, Nat Or. Cyrtandrdceee. This is a hand- 
some epiphyte, of eady culture, requiring the 
heat of tne stove. It may either be attached 
to a block of wood, or potted in vegetable 
mould, and treated in every respect like ^s- 
chyndarUhtis. Synonynu: 1, Justicia partuitica, 
Cyrtdndra staminea. 
stamfneal . . 8carlet 6, 8. EpL \ Java . . 1846 

AoANfsiA, Lindley. From aganos, quiet, or 
desirable ; in allusion to the pretty neat ap- 
pearance of the plants. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Orchiddeea. In speaking of the cultiva- 
tion. Dr. Lindley obrcrves : "In order to 
cultivate this plant successfully, it should be 
suspended upon a block of wood from the 
rafters of the stove, and its thick fleshy' roots 
allowed to hang in the air, and imbibe its 



AGA 



16 



AGA 



moisture. A damp atmosphere, syringing its 
roots and leaves freely when in a growing state, 
and shade during fright sunshine, are the 
principal requisites in its cultivation. In 
other resnects it may receive the same treat- 
ment as tne rest of this tribe."^^o<. ^eg, 
pulch^lla . . . Cra. ooL 6, S. EpL i Demeram . 18S8 

Aoan6sma, Don. Aganes^ mild, and ostm, 
smell. lAnn, 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocyndceoe, 
. Synonyme : 1, EckUes eymdsa, E. eonfirta^ — 
cym6sa, 1. See BchUes. 

AoapJLnthus, L'Hiritiir. Named in allusion 
to the lovely and showy flowers, from agape, 
love, and anthoa, flower. Linn. 6, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. LUidcecR. Showy plants, producing 
large umbels of bright blue flowers. They are 
nearly hardy, and will grow well in any com- 
mon soil, provided they have plenty of pot 
room. SucKers. 

minor . . Blue . . 8, O. Tu. P. 2 C. O. H. . 

pHboox . . Pur. blue e, O Tu. P. 4 C. O. H. . 

umbell&tus . Blue . . 4, O. Tu. P. 3 C. O. H. . 1092 

flbidus . . Whitish . 9, G. Her. P. 2 C. O. H.. giud. 

ftlbifl6nia . White . «, O. Tu. P. 8 Hybrid, gard. 

nuCximuB . Blue . . 4, G. Tu. P. 3 Hybrid, gard. 

Tariog&tua. Blue . . 4, G. Tu. P. 8 Hybrid, gsfd. 

AoAPkrES. See Thibaildia. 

buxifblia . . Scarlet . & De. S. Bbotaa . 1850 

AoARicAcEiB. A class of fungals resembling 
the common mushroom {Agaricua campeslris), 

AoAricus, Linn, Derived from Agaria, the 
name of a town in Sarmatia. Linn. 24, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. AgaricdceoB. A more extensive genus 
than this is not known in the whole vegetable 
kingdom. Some species, as the common 
mushroom. A, campistris, A. vagindttus, ftc., 
are well known for the wholesomeness of the 
food which is prepared from them. Others, 
as A. mu8cdriu8f A. necAtor, &c., are very 
dangerous poisons ; indeed, the latter quali^ 
exists more or less in so many species, and 
these resemble those that are wholesome so 
nearly, as to render it advisable to be exceed- 
ingly cautious in the use of any, for the most 
dreadful effects are well known to have resulted 
from want of caution in this respect. We 
shall here briefly notice the cultivation of the 
common mushroom in houses erected for the 
purpose, referring the reader for details to 
LohuUm's Eneyclopasdia of Gardening, and other 
works published on the subject. Collect a suf- 
cient quantity of fresh horse-droppings as free 
from straw as possible, lay them in an open shed 
in a heap or ndge ; here it will heat violently, 
and in consequence should be now and then 
turned for sweetening ; after this has subsided 
to moderation, it will be in a fit state for forming 
into a bed. In the process of making the bed, 
the dung should be put on in small quantities, 
and beat firmly and equally together until it is 
the required size ; in this state let it remain 
until tne highest de|;rree of heat to which it is 
capable of coming is ascertained, which may 
be readily done by inserting a heat-stick, and 
pressing it with the hana : if not found 
violent, the spawn may be broken up into 
pieces of two or three inches square, and put 



into holes about three inches in depth, by six 
inches asunder, over its surface : after this 
throw a very small auantity of well-broken 
droppings over the wnole; In this state let 
it remain for two or three weeks, when a loam v 
soil may be put on, about an inch or an incn 
and a-half thick, and gently patted with the 
spade. If the temperature of the house be 
kept about sixty or sixty-five degrees, mush- 
rooms may be expected in six weeks. It is 
not well to water the beds much, particularly 
when bearing ; it is much better to tlirow a 
little water over the path and flues, which will 
both improve the colour and flavour of the 
mushrooms without being attended with those 
bad effects frequently resulting from watering, 
viz., that of destroying the young stock, and 
turning brown those already fit for table. 
Synonymes: 1, A. auHUus; 2, A. spongionu; 
8, A. puniceus; 4, A. clavdtua; 5, A. agristis; 
6, A. rheMes; 7, Viriddrius ; 8, A, vdrius, 
proUferus; 9, A. pUeoUkriuB; 10, A, crocetu; 
11, A, reaupindtus ; 12, A, comutus; 13, A. 
adiiatus; 14, A. JUxubsua; 15, A. acariisua; 
16, A. caaeua ; 17, A, reticuldttia ; 18, A, 
fAlvua; 19, A, roaillua; 20, A, aerosua; 21, 
A. rubiacena; 22, A. corondtua; 23, A. ad- 
ndUua; 24, A, Jieoidea; 25, A.alUmnna; 29, 
Merdiiua androadceua. — Acris, adhcsivus, adi- 
posus, ad6nis, ad(istus, a. elephantlnus, sera- 
gindsus, ibstuans, albo-brdnneus, albus, alca- 
linus, alli^eus, alutkceus, a. x^nthopus 1, 
androslkceus, applicitus, ^uilus, areol^tus, 
armenlacus, aromdticus, dsper, aspr^llus, ato- 
m&tus, atro-albus, atro-r(ifus, auranti-ferrugf- 
neus, aursntlacus, aurdntins, adreus, aurin^- 
lus, balaninus, bifrons, blandus, bolkris, Bol- 
tdni, bombycinus, br^nnius, briinneus 2, bulb- 
ous, buU&ceus, csespitdsus, callochr5us, cal- 
Ibsas vkrius, calyptrsefbrmis, camarophyllus, 
camp^stris, camptoph^llus, cdndicans, Can- 
doUeknus^ caperiitus, ckmeo-dlbus, c&meus 8, 
cam&sus, castineus, caulicinklis, ceutunculus, 
cep^tipes, ceiicens, ceraslnus, cemiius, chaly- 
beus, chion^us, chrysddon, cilicioides, cinna- 
m6meus, cl&vus, clvpeolkrius fellnus, c. Mel(^- 
gris, cocclneus, cochWtus, collinltus, colUnus, 
coUumb^tta, c6lus, compr^us, conchktus, 
cdnfluens, c6nicus, conigenus, consp^rsus, con- 
strictus, controvfcrsus, corri^gis, corticklis, cre- 
tkceus, cristktus, cru^ntus, cuciimis, cuspidk- 
tus, cyineus, cyathifbrmis 4, cyphcUifbrmis, 
dealbktus 5, decdstes, decol6rans, defltiens, 
delicidsus, depdllens, depr6ssus, diatr^tus, dis- 
seminJLtus, d. riibidus, dryinus, drydphilus, 
dtilcis, Dun^lii, ebtimeus nltens, elJttus, ^le- 
gans, em^ticus, epich^sium, epiph^Uus, epi- 
pterygius, equ^stns, eric^us, ericet6rum, era- 
Mscens, erythrbpus, escuUntus, ev^mius, ex- 
celsus, excoriktus, fasciculkris, fastibilis, ffir- 
tills, fibrill6sus, fibula, fllipes, fimbriktus, 
fimipiitris, flabellifbrmis, fldccida, fldmmans 6, 
fl^vidus, flexu&sus, flocculbsus^ foenisfecii, foB- 
tens, foetidus, fiiigrans, fncktus, friligin6sus, 
f61vus, fumbsns, furclitus, furfurkceus 7, furfu- 
r6eiis, fusco-purpiireus, fiisipes, galedpus, gale- 
riculktus 8, gambjwus, geophyllus, Geor^i, 



AGA 



17 



AGA 



gibbus, gigant^os, gllvus 9, ^laucdpas, gly- 
cydsmus, grdcilis, grammopMius, granulosus 
10, griseocj'anus, lisematopbyllus, ha^rndtopus, 
haustellhtus 11, b^lvolus, h^Ivus, hippopinus, 
Hookferi, hort^nsis, Huds6ui, h^bridus, byp- 
ii6philu8, hypn6rum, bypothejus, hysginus, 
iliop6deus, illinUua, imorickta, inamienua, 
inequiUis, indpus 12, inornlttua, inyoliitus 18» 
iris, juncic61a, lac(^tus amethyst^us, lacbry- 
inaMndus, Idcteus, lanugin6sus, lasclvus, late- 
rdlis, lateritius, lentus, leouinus, 16pidu8 mon- 
8tr6sus, ligndtilis, limdnius, litt6reus, livido- 
ocbHiccus, longicaillis 14, Love^us, lilridus, 
Ititeo-dlbus, lUteus, maj^is, maminosufl, maris, 
maritimus, mastoideus, mastrucktus, m^dius, 
mclaleiicus, malleus el(l8ticus,laricinus, milliis, 
miuiktus, mitis, mitissiinus, mdllis, mticidus, 
luuriilis, muiiclitus 15, muriDkceus, murinus, 
rausckrius, mutdbilis, Mydroyces, Myositis, 
nebuliiris 16, ncditor, nidiUans, nigr^cens, ni- 
tidus,niv&Iis, iiiiceus, niidus, ob^us, obliquus, 
odoriltus, cedemdtopus coralloidcs, oliv&ceo- 
dlbus, op&cus, ore^des, ostreitus, ovklis, ovi- 
nus, pacbypb^Uus, p&Uidus, pantberiuus, 
papilionaceus, papyr2u;eu3, parasiticus, pdscuus, 
pauperculus, peliantbinus, pelliicidus, p6rfo- 
rans, peron^tus, personktus, petaloides, pozi- 
zoidcs, phlebopbdrus 17, phalloides verrucosus, 
pbolidius, phylldphilus, pilipes, piperatua, 
pistill&ri platyphyllus, pliiinbeus, plumOsus, 
pluteus, poineus, politus, polygrdmmus, poly- 
stictus, porphj^rius, p<Srrigens^ prsfecox appen- 
diculktus, p. deliciitus, prasinus, prat6nsis 18, 
procerus, priinulus, paittaciuus, ptcrig^nus 19, 
piidens, pulmiitus, p. clayeefdrmis, p. erlceus, 
puniceus, piirus, pvr6galu8, pyxidatus, quietus 
20, raccmOeus, radic^tus, radicOlus, rameMis, 
rapbanoldes, relicinus, roticul2itus, rimdsus, 
rodoph6liu8, rbseus, rotiila, rtiber, ruWscens, 
Ktibi, rufo-(^rneus, riifus 21, Russula, r&tilans, 
sanguineus, scaber, scaiirua, scorodOnius, scro- 
bicul&tus, sejunctus, semiglob&tus, semiov^tus 
22, septicus, serotinus, s. gramineua, sinuiitua, 
Bolitkrius, speciOsua, sphagnic6ia, spilOmeus, 
spinipea, spl^ndens, spumOsus, squamOsus, 
squarrosus, atelUtua, stercoduins 23, stipktus, 
stipticus 24, stri&tulua, striktus, strobilinus, 
stylobatus, subduicis, sublanlitus, sulphtireus, 
tanac^UuB, tfener, ten^rrimus, tentdcutum, tes- 
tkceus, thejd^lus, tigrinus, Tithjrmalinus, 
titubans, tonnin66us, t6i*tilis, torulOsus, tOrvus, 
trechispOnis, tr^mulus, tuberOsus 26, turbink- 
tns, turfbsus, tdrgidus, undiltus, unguinOsus, 
ulm2iriuB, ustklis, uvidns, yaccinua, va^nittus 
fiilvus, V. hyalinus, v. pliinibeus, v. pulvmktus, 
Vaillantii 26, vilidus, variabilis, vAlcus, velu- 
tlpes, vdmus, versicolor, vietus, violbceus, 
vir^scens, virgktus, virgineus, viridis, vitel- 
linus, vulgaris, vulpinus. 
AoarIsta, Don, Dangbter of Clisthenes, a 
nijrthological name. lAnn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Sricdcece. See Andr&meda and Leuchthoe. 
Syncnymes: 1, AndrOmeda buadfllia; 2, A. 
salwi/dlia, 

buxifWia 1 . . Scarlet . 6, G. Et. a 4 Is. Bourb. 1822 
i»alicif6Ua 2 . . Gr. par. 6, G. Ev. S. 8 Maurit . 1888 

AgastXchts, R, Brawn. So named in reference 



to its fine flowei-s. From agaslos, admirable, 

and stactiys, a spike. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. 

Or. Protedceoe, A pretty species ; for culture, 

&c. , see Persohnia. 

odorita ... Pa. yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 8 N. HolL . 1826 
AoAsf LLI8, Sjyrmgd. The Greek name for the 

Ammoniac plant. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

ApidKxcR. An uninteresting species, of easy 

culture. Synotiymes: 1^ Cdchryslati/dliaf Slkr 

caucdsicum. — caucisica 1. 
Agath.^, H. Cassini. Named from agcUhoSf 

excellent ; on account of its beautiful flowers. 

Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asterdceai. For 

culture, &c., see Cifterdria. Synonymes: 1, 

Cinerd,ria amelMdes ; 2, C. linifUia. 

eoRldstis 1 . . Bluo . 6, G. Ev. 8. C. G. H. . 1759 
linif61ia 2 . . Blue . 6, G. £r. 8. C. G. H. . 18U0 

AoATHifiLPis, Chmsy. AgcUkoSy pleasant, and 
thdys^ a woman. Linn.. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Sclagindcece. For culture, &c. , refer to Seldgo. 
parvlf51ia . . WUte 6. G. Ev. 8. U C. G. H. . 1816 

AgAthis. See Ddmmara. 

AGATHOPHifuuuM, Jussieu. The name refera 
to the pleasant clove-like smell of the leaf, 
and is derived from agathoSt pleasant, and 
phyllon, a leaf. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Laurdcece, Madagascar Nutmeg. This orna- 
mental tree grows well in good peat, or open 
rich loam, and is propagated from cuttings. 
The bark and dried f^iiit are aromatic, especi- 
ally the latter, 
aromitticuin. . White 6, S. Ev. T. SO Hadag. . 1828 

AoATHOPHtTUM, Moq. From agathos, pleasant, 
and phytony a plant. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Chenopodidcea. See Cfvenopddium. 

Agath&ma, Willdefi. Derived from agathos, 
pleasant, and osme, smell. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
xTat. Or. Rutdceo!. The plants are ornamental, 
and smell like Dio^mas. For culture, &c., see 
that genus. The Hottentots use the dried 
and powdered leaves of ^4. puWUlUiy with the 
grease with which they anoint their bodies ; this, 
according to Thunberg, gives them an almost 
unbearable smell. Synonymes: 1, Didsma 
anibigua; 2, D. orbiculdris; 3, Biicco proli/erti. 

ttcuminAta . . Violet . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G H. 1812 

amblgiia 1 . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1810 

brevifblia . . Purple . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1818 

Bruiiladea . . Puit>le . 5, G. E7. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1820 

ceref?)lia . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1774 

oiiiata . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1774 

crenita . . . White . 1, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1774 

erfcta. . . . Bluewh. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1816 

hlrta .... Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1794 

exsiccita . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1794 

purpttrea . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. 1794 

VentexiatiAiia Purple . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1794 

hfBplda . . . Violet . \ G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1786 

Imbrlcita . . Pink . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1774 

Umf61ia . . . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1828 

orbicuUkria 2 . Wliite .^, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1800 

ovita .... White . 2, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. 1790 

prollfera 8 . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1790 

pub^acens . . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1798 

pulchflla . . Purple . 2, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1787 

refl^xa . . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1820 

rlkbra .... Red . . 2, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1762 

ruge«a . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1790 

tenulssima . . White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1820 

tetrag^na . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1789 

vestata . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1824 





AGA 



18 



AGE 



TiUtea 
▼irg&ta 



. Violet . 6, Q. Bv. B. 1| C. G. H. 178« 
. White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 G. G. H. 18S0 



AoATBf RSUS, D. Don. The flowers are very 
pretty, hence the name is deriyed from agcUhos^ 
pretty, and thyrsus, a thyrse. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat Or. AsUrdcea. For culture, &c., see 
Sdnchus. Synonymes: 1, SSnchus agristis ; 2, 

5. alpXnus; 3, S, caealia/hlius; 4, S. cydncus; 

6, S. floriddnus; 6, 8. lappdnicus; 7, 8, 
Plumitri; 8, 8. siUrieus; 9, 8. toUdricus, 

alplnuB 2 . . Blue 7, H. A. 4 Scotland, mta. 

cy<(noufl 4 . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. 4 Nepal . . 1820 

florid^us 5. . Blue 7, H. B 2 Iberia . . 1820 

lapp6nicus 6 . Bhie 7, H. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. 1713 

Flumiferi 7 . . Blue 8, H. Her. P. 6 Lapland . 1804 

Bibfricus 8 . . Blue 8, H. Her. P. 2 Pjn^neea . 1704 

tatlMcuA 9 . . Blue 8, H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1784 

agr6stis 1, cacalicsfblius 3. 
AoIti, Hheede. Agati is its name in the San- 
scrit language. Linn, 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
FabdcecB. Tall ornamental species. For cul- 
ture, &c., see Sesbdnia. 8ynonymes: 1, 8eS' 
bdnia eoechua ; 2, 8. graindifihra. 

oocdnea 1 . . Red 8, a Er. T. 6 B. Ind. . 1768 
grandifldra 2 . Bed 8, & Ev. T. 10 E. Ind. . 1820 

AoAvE, Linn, The name has heen altered from 
agauos, admirable. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amaryllidacece. To this highly interesting 
genus belongs the A , americanay or American 
aloe. This plant has been said to flower only 
once in a hundred years, but it is now known 
to flower sooner or later, according to the treat- 
ment it receives. The readiest way to throw 
it into flower is to apply bottom heat, and 
treat it as the pine-apple. All the species 
thrive well in rich loamy soil, mixed with a 
very little rotten dung, decayed vegetable 
mould, and brick rubbish ; they require but 
little water, and are propagated by suckers 
from the root SyTumymes: 1, A. spichta; 2, 
A. limda. See LiUdsa. 



, Yellow 8, G. 
. YeUow 8, G. 
. Green . & 
. Green . 4, G. 



nmeric&na . 
varieg&ta . 
angustifblia 
applan&ta . 
bmchysttf- . 
chya 1 . 
Carii. . . 
coccfnoa . . 
densiflbra . 
Aegana . . 
flltfera . . 
fltfccida . . 
Ghiosbi^htU . 

Slauc^scens . Yellow 
acquinilma 2 . Green . 



Ev. S. 20 8. Amer. 
Ev. S. 20 & Amor. 
Ev. 8. 6 
Her. P. 6 Mexico . 



1640 
1640 
1790 
1850 



> Green . 



Red . 
YeLred 



. Green . 



B. Ev. 8. Mexico . 1826 



Kartttto 

Ibrida . 

maculbea 

mexic&na 

Mflleri . 

picta . . 

polyactfntha . Green 

polycanthoidea 

pulchdnima 



Green 

Green . 6, 8. 
Gr. wh. 8. 
Green 
Green 



Bapon&ria 

achidlgera 

striata . 

univitt&ta 

▼ixsinica 

vivlpara . 

yuccasfblia 



. Brown 7, 
. Gr. red 
. Gr. wh. 6, 
. Green . 
. Purple 
. Green . 0, 
. Yellow 



8. 

8. 

G. 
8,8. 

G. 

G. 
7, G. 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Bv. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 



Mexico , 
Mexico . 



1856 



6 & Amer. 1790 



Mexico . 
Hondur. 

5 8. Amer. 

8 V. Crua . 

9 Texas . 

6 Mexico . 
6 



Mexico 
Mexico 
Peru. 



Her. P. 6 Mexico . 
Ev. 8. Mexico . 
Ev. 8. 8 N.Amer. 
Ev. 8. 10 a Amer. 
Ev. 8. 6 Mexico . 



1886 

1858 

1768 

. 1781 

. 1858 

, 1817 

1768 

1800 
, 1886 
, 1835 
, 1888 

1855 
1880 
1765 
1781 
1819 



Agbn6ra, D. Don. Linn. 
AsUr&eece, See 8er^la. 



19, Or. 1,'Nat Or. 



A. UM. Video 1827 
Blue 7. G. A. I W. Ind. 1800 

Blue 7, G. Her. P. 1 CaroUna 1754 
Lt. bl. 7, H. A. 1 America 1714 

White 7, H. A. 11 Peru . 1800 

Blue 6. H. A. l| Mexico . 18-22 

White 6, H. A. 2 Nepal . 1821 

Blue 6, G. A. 1 



AobrAtum, Linn. The colours are constant, or 
as mi^ht be rendered, always clear ; hence the 
name is compounded of a, privative, and geras, 
old. Linn, 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AsUraeem, The 
species are ornamental, and grow freely in 
light rich soil ; cuttings root freely in soil 
imder a glass. Synonymes : 1, Eriophfillum 
angitsti/dlium ; 2, A. obtusifdlium 3, Eupa- 
tdrium cordatum; 4, Pkalacrdea latifblia ; 6, 
A, conyzcHcUs msxicana, 
anguatifblium 1 White 7, G. 
oorhleum 2 . . ^ "" " 
oonapfcuumS . 
conyaoldes . . 
bitii^lium4. . 
mexicflnum 6 . 
Btrictum . . . 
varieg&tum . . 

AooREOATE, ) gathered together, applied to 

Aggregated, \ the inflorescence. 

AoiLA WOOD, Eagle wood or Lion aloe. 
See Aquildria. 

AglIta, De Candolle. Aglaia, one of the 
Graces. Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Me- 
liacecB. An interesting Chinese plant, requir- 
ing to be grown in a mixture of rich loam, 
rotten dung, and heath-mould, and propagates 
freely by cuttings of the half-ripened wood, 
odor&ta . . . Striped 2. 8. Ev. 8. 3 China . 1810 

Aolaom6bpha, Schott. Aglaos, beautiful, and 
morpha, form. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PolypodiduxcR. An elegant stove fern requiring 
the same treatment as Polypbdiuin, 8yno' 
nynu : Ps^gmium ilegans. 
Meyerijma . . YeL 6, 8. Her. P. \\ U. of Luzon 

Aglaon^ma, Sm. AglaoSy beautiful, and nemos, 
a grove. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat Or. Ardeeee, 
See Arum, 

Agn6stus, a. Cunn, Agnostos^ MnVaowa. Linn. 
4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Proteacece, This is 
a most beautiful plant, on account of its 
erect clear growth, and large interesting pin- 
natifid foliage. It thrives well in sandy peat, 
but must not be over-watered, and may be 
increased by ripened cuttings. Synonymic : I, 
8Unocdrpus CunningJidmii. 
■inukta 1 . . Or. 80. 9, G. Ev. T. 20 Moreton B. 1830 

Aooni<5ptebi8, Presl. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. PolypodiiLcecB. 8ynonynie: 1, Acr6slichum 
suhdidphanum. 
Bubdiiphana . Bm. yeL 4, 8. Her. P. India . 

Ao5nis. See Billbtia. 

Agrim5nia, Toume/ort. A corruption of Arge- 
mone. The ancient Greeks gave this name to 
a plant which was supposed to be useful in a 
disease of the eyes called argem^i, Linn. 11, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bosdcecs. Ornamental species 
of easy culture. A decoction of A, Eupa^bria 
makes a wholesome gargle, 
agrimonioldea . TeL 6, H. Her. P. 1^ Italy . . 1780 

* " ■ ^-1 - X, „ ^ Dahuria . 1811 

Britain, ro. aL 
Nepal. . 1820 
Italy . . 1640 
NVAmer. 1766 
8iberia . 1810 
Levant . 178/ 



dahhrioa 
£upat6ria 
nepaldnaia 
odorita . 
parvifl6ra 
pilbaa . . 
i^pena . 



. TeL 8, H. Her. P. 2' 

. YeL 6, H. Her. P. 8 

. YoL 6, H. Her. P. 2 

.YeL 7, H. Her. P. 4 

. YeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 

. YeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 

.YeL 8^H. Her. P. 2 



AGR 



19 



AIZ 



•triita. . . . Wht 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 
sutiveblena . . YeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 Yirerlniu . 1810 

AoRiMONT. See Agrimdnia. 

AoropVrum, PcUisoi de Beduvois. Derived 
from agras^ a' field, and pipros, wheat. Linn. 
3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. €hramindce4g. Mere weeds, 
of the simplest culture. Synonymes : 1, Trili- 
cum gigdnteum, T. eUmgdium ; 2, T. pdnicum ; 
8, T. peetindUum ; 4, T, ripens. — acutum, 
angustifolium, caninum, cristhtum, dasy- 
dnthum, densifldrum, desertbrum, distichum, 
eloneiktum 1, glahcum, imhriclitum, inter- 
mMium, jtinceum 2, littoriile, muricktum, 
obtusifl6ram, pectinktum 8, pectiniBrrae, 
pTostrtitum, puneens, ripens 4, arv^nse, 
capilUire, dumetorura, JieerBiknum, snbu- 
Iktnm, Yaillantiknum, rlgidum, rnpistre, 
siblricum, subulktum, variegktum. 

AoROST^MMA, Linn, Derived from agros, a 
field, and stemmaf a crown ; in reference to 
the beauty of the flowers. Linn. 10, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. CaryophylUiceas. Rose Campion. 
The species are well adapted for flower bomers, 
where, when in flower, they are very orna- 
mental. They grow well in any common soil, 
and increase by division or seeds. Synony- 
tnes: 1, Lpcknis eoroTidria ; 2, A. perAinans ; 
8, Lpch7tis pyrendica. 

BuDgeftna . . Scarlet 7, H. Her. P. l\ Russia . 1834 
coTX>D&rfal . . Red . 6. H. Her. P. S Italy . . 1696 
fiba . . . White . 0, H. Her. P. 8 Gardens 
pltea . . . Red . 6, H. Her. P. S Gardens 
dectlmbens 2 . Crim. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 
pyreniica S . Pa. rose 6, H. Her. P. \ Pyrenees 1810 
soMca . . . Pink . 8, H. Her. P. \ Sweden . 1824 

AonOerris, Linn. This is the Greek name for 
all grasses, from agros, a field. Linn. 8, Or. 
2, Nat Or. QramiiuUetB, Bent Grass. Plants 
of simple culture. 

Aba Apetal 7, Gxwbs l\ Britain 

purpurtboens . Apetal 7, Grass It Britain 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1^ Britain 

. Apetal 6, Grass 1 Russia 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

. Apetal 7, Gmss 4 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

. Apetal 7, Grass 1 

^smvlat amMgua, dspera, Billardiiri, ealama- 
gristiSj cap^risis, capilUtris, eUbilis, decikmbensy 
diffiUa, dULbidy dUlcis, ForsUri, fronddaa, 
gufdntea, Mstpida, interrHpta^ Jurissi, IcUifilia, 
liitordliSj mariiinuif nebuldsa, negUeta, pdllida, 
pdtula, plebHa, pwrpHurta, rttrofrdOa^ spHria, 
sylvdticOf teniUa, Tendrei, ienuifilia, valenllna, 
vdriOf variegiUa, versieolor, verlidlUUa, vir- 
ginieOf vulgdris. 

AorostofhYlluh, Blume. From cigrosUs, 
grass, and phyllon, a leaf ; plant, grass-like. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchiddcea. 
Khasyjknum . . B. EpL E. Ind. . 1838 

AoRtifi, a name given to any kind of lemon by 
the Italians. 

AoTMkjA, Linn. Possessed of neither style nor 
stigma, hence the name, from a, privative, 
and gynej a female. Linn. 21, Or. 1, Nat Or, 
Buphorbideece, Uninteresting plants, suc^eed- 



Aegans 

paucifl6ra. 

spica-T<nti 

atolonffera 
angustifblia 
aristAta . 
latifbUa . 
nemorUis 
polCistria 



mar, 

mar. 

mar. 

1834 

Switzerland 1824 
England . sa. fi. 
Britain . mo. me. 
Britain . mo. me. 
Britain . mo. me. 
Britain . mo. me. 
Britain . mo. me. 
Britain . mo. me. 



ing in loam, and increased readily from seeds 
or suckers — impiibes, pUber. 

Aof ftiUM, Fries. Derived from agyris^ a cluster, 
the species being generally found in crowds or 
clusters. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. HelvelldcetB. 
Curious dot-like productions, appearing like 
crusty spots upon dead wood — cd^ium, rUfum. 

AlKfNiA. See Wahlenbirgia. 

AiLiJNTUS, Willdenato. Derived from ailanto, 
(tree of heaven). Linn. 28, Or. 1, Nate Or. 
Xanthoxyldeete. The name of one species in 
the Moluccas, ** A. glandulbsa^ is a tree which 
may be compared to a gigantic stag*s-hom 
sumach ; it nas very large leaves^ unequally 
pinnate, with footstalks from one to two feet 
m length ; and numerous flowers in a termi- 
nating pedicel, which exhale a disagreeable 
odour. Tlie tree grows very fast, and on y^tj 
poor soil, especiaUy if it be calcareous. If 
the bark be wounded a resinous juice flows 
out, which hardens in a few days. The wood 
is hard, heavy, glossy, like satin, and suscept- 
ible of a very fine polish. It is propagated oy 
cuttings of the roots. In general with us the 
trees bear only male flowers, but in France it 
has produced both male and female flowers, 
and fruit twice in ten years." — LovdoyCs Bncy, 
of Plants. 

exo^Isa . . . Groon 8, H. Da T. 60 E. Ind. . 1800 
glandulbaa . . Green 8, H. De. T. 20 China. . 1761 

AfRA, Willdenow. Applied by the Greeks to 
Ldlium UmuUntum^ in reference to the dele- 
terious qualities of that plant. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Oraminacece. Grasses of the simplest 
culture. Synonym e: 1, Phaldris semineHtra. 

arundin&cea . . Apetal . 6, Grass . 1 Cumana . 1817 
seminetitra 1 . Apetal . 7, Grass . 1 Hungaiy . 1812 

atropurpilreaf earyoph^Uea^ JUxiibsa^ glabrdU^ 
hUmiliSf lendigera, pdlUns, pulcfUllc^ refrdcta^ 
versicolor. 
Air6f8IS, I>e»vaiix. Named from its resemblance 
to the genus Aim ; from aira, hair-grass, and 
opsiSf like. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Orami- 
ndcecB. For culture, &c., see Aira. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Aira brevifdlia; 2, Pda agrosttdeOf 
Aira agrostidea. 

brevifblia 1 . . Apetal . 7, Grass . 1 Hisaoori . 1818 
Cand611ei 2 . . Apetal . 7, Grasa . 1 8. Eur. . 1820 
pulohOla . . . Apetal . 8, Gross . 1 1881 

glob^sOf obtusAta. 

Air-plant. See Ahidts. 

Ait6mia, Linn.y Junior. In honour of Mr. 
WiUlam Alton, the king*8 head gardener at 
Kew. JWnn. 16, Ot. 5, Nat Or. Melihcets, 
A pretty and interesting species, thriving well 
in loam and peat Cuttings if taken off when 
voung will root in sand, under a glass in heat, 
if not suffered to remain damp, 
cap^nsis . . . Fink . 7, G. Er. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1777 

Aiz6oN, Linn. These plants live under almost 
any treatment ; hence the name is derived 
from aeiy always, and zoon, alive. Linn. 12, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Teiragonidcea. Not worth 
growing, except in botanical collections. For 
culture, &c., see MeseTribrydnlhemum. 
canari^nse . . Yellow . 8, G. A. 1 Canaries . 1781 
fdinoldes . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. & 1 C. G. H. . 1774 

02 



AJA 



20 



ALB 



A. } Spain . . 1728 

B. t C. G. H. . 1762 



hlsp&nicum . Apetal . 7, G. 
lanceol4tum . Pink . 8, G. 
perfoU&tum . Pink . 7, G. £▼. S. 1 G. G. H. . 1818 

AiAVA SEED. See Piychbtis. 
Ajowak. See Ptychdlis. 
AjtroA, Linn, The derivation of the name is 
from a, privative, and zugon^ a yoke. Linn. 
14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LamiAcea. These dwarf 
species have a pretty appearance when in 
floyer, planted near the front of borders, &c. 
They are easily cultivated, and increased by 
division or seeds. Synonymes: 1, A. gene- 
vinsiSf A. rugdsa, 
alplna 1 . . . Blue 8, H. Hor. P. 
austrills . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. 
bracte6&a . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. 
Chanubpitys . YoL • 7, H. A. 

. Blue 8. H. Her. P. 

. Blue 7, H. Her. P. 

. Fleah 7, H. Her. P. 

. Blue 6, H. Her. P. 

. Yel. 6, H. A. 

. Blue fl, H. Her. P. 

. Pur. 6, H. Her. P. 

. Blue 5, H. Her. P. 

. Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 

. Red 6, H. Her. P. 

. Blue 4, H. De. Cr. 

. Blue 6, H. Her. P. 



. 1824 
. 1650 
. 1821 
. 1769 
. 1762 



I r Enfifland . hJlls 

; N. HoU. . 1822 

Nepal . . 1821 

1 England, aa. fle. 

folibsa . . . Blue 8. H. Her. P. Switzer. . 1826 

furciLta . . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. Neoal . 

genevtoBis . . Fleah 7, H. Her. P. Switser. 

integrif51ia . Blue 6, H. Her. P. Nepal . 

Iva . . . . Yel. 6, H. A. 8. Eur. 

orient^s . . Blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Levant 

pyramidflifl . Pur. 6, H. Her. P. i Britain, dp.wd. 

rdptans . . . Blue 5, H. Her. P. { Britain, dp. wd. 

flba. . . . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. Britain, dp. wd. 

rUbra . . . Red 6, H. Her. P. Britain, dp. wd. 

variegata . . Blue 4, H. De. Cr. I Britain, dp. wd. 

rup^tris . . Blue 6, H. Her. P. ^ Switzer. . 

Ak^bia, Dccaime, From a name one of the 
species bears in the ^rdens of Japan. Idnn. 
21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. LardizabaldcecB. See 
Rajaniay for culture, Ac. Synonyme: 1, 
Jtajdnia quindta. 
quin&U 1 . LiL pink S, G. Ev. TwL 10 Ghusan . 1846 

Akee-tree. See Blighia sdpida, 

Ak&nium, an indehiscent pericarp, containing 
a single seed, which does not adhere to it. 

Aki. bee Metrosidiros. 

AxJLnoium, Jussieib. Its name in Malabar. 
Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AlangidcecB, Tall 
ornamental trees, thriving in light sandy 
loam, or loam mixed with peat Cuttings 
strike in sand, in heat, under a glass, 
decap^talum . Pa. pur. 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1779 
hezap^talum . Pxirple 6, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1823 

Alat^rnus. See Rkdmnus AlaUmut. 

ALBtrcA, Linn. The name is given, somewhat 
injudiciously, to the colour of the flowers, 
from alhus^ white ; only a few of the species 
having white flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Liliacece. The species are handsome, and 
thrive well in sandy loam mixed with a little 
peat The suckers from the old bulb, or 
leaves taken off with a scale from the old 
bulb, will produce young plants. Synonymes: 
1, AnthAricum exwoidLtum ; 2, A. frUtgrana, 
abysafnica . White . 8, G. BL P. 2 Abyninia 1818 
altlssima . . White . 6, G. BL P. 4 C. G. H. . 1789 
atirea . . . Gn. yel. 6, G. BL P. \\ C. G. H. . 1818 
caud&ta . . Yellow 6, G. BL P. 2 0. G. H. . 1791 
coarctAta . . White . 6, G. BL P. S C. G. H. 
exuvlita 1 . White . 6, G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. 
fa8tigi4ta . . White . 6, G. BL P. \\ C. G. H. 
ftlifblia. . . YeUow 6, G. BL P. 2 C. G. H. 
fliccida . . YeL gn. 6, G. BL P. 2 
frikgrana . . YeL gn. 7, G. BL P. 1 
ftigax 2 . . Gn. yeL 7, G. BL P. 2 
G&rdenl . . White . 6, G. BL P. 1 
xnijor . . . Gn. yeL 5, G. BL P. 8 
minor . . . Yellow 6, G. BL P. 
phy86de8 . . White . 6, O. BL P. 
setdea . . . Green . 6, G. BL P. 
spiridis . . White . 6, G. BL P. 



C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
1 C. G. H. 
8 C. G. H. 
1 C. G. H. 
f C. G. H. 
1 C. G. H. 
f C. G. H. 



1774 
1796 
1774 
1820 
1791 
1791 
1791 
, 1864 
1795 
1768 
1804 
1795 
1795 



vlridifl6ra. . Green . 6, O. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1794 
viBc6aa. . . Wh. gn. 6, G. BL P. 1 C. O. H. . 1779 
vitt&to . . . YeL gn. 6, G. BL P. \ C. G. H. . 1802 

Albumen, the substance under the inner coat 
of the testa of seeds, surrounding the embryo. 

Alburnum, the young wood before it comes to 
a proper consistence. 

AlchemIlla, Linn. The word is from AXke- 
melyehj its Arabic name. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Sanguisorbd/xce. Many of the species 
are ornamental, and well adapted for planting 
near the front of borders, or for adorning rock- 
work. They succeed well in any common 
soil, if not over-wet, and may be increased 
by seeds or division. A . vulgAris is astringent, 
and slightly tonic. Synonymes: 1, A. arvinsin, 
A'pJianes arv&nsis ; 2, AlchmiilXa montdjia. 
See also TJUsium, 

alplna . . . Gm. 6, H. Her. P. 1 Britain . rocks 
cap&uds. . . Gm. «, G. Her. P. J C. G. H. . . 1818 
fisaa .... Gm. 7, H. Her. P. | 8wlt«rland 1826 
h^brida 2 . . Gm. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Britain . rocka 
pent^h^lla . Wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Switcerland 1784 
pubdacena . . Gm. 7, H. Her. P. * Caucasus . 1818 
serfcea . . . Gm. 7, H. Her. P. X Caucasiis .1813 
SibbaldisefMia Wht. 6, G. Her. P. I Mexico . . 1823 
vulgaris . . . Gm. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Britain, wda. Ac. 
glabra . . . Gm. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Pyrenees . 1817 
varieg&ta . . Gm. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Britain . woods 

Aphanes 1, cornucopidides. 

Al(^a, Cavanilles. Named in honour of Fr. 
Ign. Alcina, a Spanish naturalist Linn. 19, 
Or. 4, Nat Or. Aster&cece, A species of little 
interest and easy cultivation — per/olidta. 

ALCYONfDiUM, Agardh. So called, from Hal- 
kio7iei(»if the foam of the sea, among which 
the plants referred to this genus are naturally 
produced. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat Or. DicUo- 
mdcece. This also is supposed to be the nidus 
of some animalcules. Liamouroux, who origin- 
ally fixed it here, afterwards referred it to 
Zoophytes ; in which last opinion Gaillon 
agrees with him, declaring that lie has actually 
seen the animalculse nestling in it. D'Orbigny 
and Ellis consider it the ova of a testaceous 
animal, defrdctum, didphanum, JlavSscens, 

Alder. See Alnus, 

AldroyXnda, Linn. In honour of Ulysses 
Aldrovandus, an old Italian botanist Linn, 

5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Droseracece. We refer for 
culture, Ac, of this curious little aquatic, to 
Actinocdkrpus. 

resicultea . Wht 7, H. Aq. P. floa Italy . . 182S 

Alecost or CosTMART. See BalsAiskita. 

Alect6ria, Acharius. The name is derived from 
alektoTf unmarried, because of the uncertainty 
respecting the male flowers. Linn. 24, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. ParmelidcecB. A . jiibdUi occasionally 
supplies the rein-deer with food ; for which 
purpose the Laplanders cut down the trees, 
that the lichen may be devoured from the 
topmast branches. —jvJbata^ chalybiijhrmis^ 
sarTnenthsa. 

Alembic, a vessel acting like a still. 

AiirrRis, Linn. The whole plant appears 
covered with a powdery dust ; hence the pro- 
priety of the name, from AUton, meal. Linn, 

6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Hcemodordeece. Interesting 
species, delighting in a shady situation, and 



ALE 



21 



ALL 



peat or leaf soil. They are increased from 
offsets. A. farin^sa has bitter roots, which 
act as a tonic and stomachic given in small 
doses, but a mixture of twenty grains produces 
much nausea, with a tendency to vomit. Sy- 
nonyme: 1. A, dJha, 

aturea . . . Yellow 7. H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. . 1811 
farLnbsa 1 . . White 0, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. . 17G8 

AleubItes, Forster, Derived from aUurites^ 
mealy ; in allusion to the farinaceous substance 
with which the whole plant is covered, Linn. 
21, Or. 10, Nat Or. BuphorbiaoecB, Handsome 
plants, succeeding well in loamy soil, and in- 
creased from ripe cuttings with the leaves loft 
on, in a pot of sand, in heat, under a glass, 
cord&ta . . Apetal 4, S. Ev. Tr. 10 Japan . . 1818 
trilbba . . . Apetal 4, S. Ev. T. 10 Society Ib. 179S 

Alexanders. See Smpmium. 

Alexandrian laurel. See R&sctis racemdsus. 

Alfr^dla, De Gand. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
AsteracecB. See Silybum. 

Aloaroba. See Prosbpis. 

Aloaroba bean or Carob. See Ceraihnia. 

AlhAoi, Toumefort. The Arabic name of the 
plant Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Pabdceas. 
Mdnna. These interesting plants must have 
the protection of the greenhouse in winter. 
They grow best in sandy loam and peat ; and 
young cuttings in sand under a glass in heat 
will root ; but seeds when obtainable, sown in 
a hotbed, make the best plants. Manna is 
a natural exudation from the leaves and 
branches of A. maurdrum^ and is yielded only 
in hot weather. Synonymes: 1, Hedysarum 
Pseudo'A Ihagi. Mdnna edspica ; 2, H. aJhagiy 
Mdnna hebrkica. 

camelbrum . . Red . 7, P. Her. P. S Siberia . 1816 
maur^rum . . Red . 7, O. Ev. 8. 2 Egypt . 1714 

Alib^rti^ a. Richard. In honour of M. 
Alibert, a famous French chemist. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. Cinchondcece. An interesting 
tree, which may be referred to Hamilia, for 
culture and propagation. Synonyme: Mela- 
nopsidium nigirum, Ginipa idtUis, Gardhiia 
edulis. 
edtilis . . . Cream-dd. 6, 8. Ev. T. 12 Guinea . 1823 

Alicant soda. See Salshla. 

AlIsma, Linn. The name is of Celtic origin, 
from alis, water. "Water Plantain. Linn. 6, 
Or. 4, Nat Or. AlismdcecR. Pretty little 
aquatics; for culture, &c., see Aeiinocdrpus. 
A. Planlhgo is recommended in hydrophobia. 
cotdifWiA . . White 7, 8. Aq. P. 1 W. Ind. . 1810 
lanceol&ta . . Pur. w. 7, H. Aq. P. 1^ Britain, wat pL 
n&tans . . . White 7, H. Aq. P. \ Wales, wat. pL 
pamassi»f&lia White 7, F. Aq. P. 1 Italy . . 1820 
parvifl6ra . . White 7, H. Aq. P. 1 N. Amer. . 1816 
Plantftgo . . Pur. w. 7, H. Aq. P. \\ Britain, wat pi. 
nuiunculoldes Puiple 8, H. Aq. P. | Britain, wat pi. 

awna . . . W. pur. 8, H. Aq. P. \ Wales, wat. pi. 
▼iAlis . . White 7, H. Aq. P. 1* N. Amer. . 1816 

AusMAcEiB, a natural order of very pretty 
water plants, principally with white flowers, 
occupying ditches both in temperate and tro- 
pical climates. 

ALTSMbRCHis. See Caldnthe. 

Alkali, any substance which mingled with 
acid produces fermentation. 



Alkanet.' See Atichhaa tindbria. 

AllamAnda, WiUdenow. Named in memory of 
Dr. Frederic Allamand, professor at Leyden. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. ApocynetcecB. This 
handsome and free-flowering genus delights in 
rich loamy soil, and may be multiplied freely 
from cuttings in sand in moist heat An 
infusion of the leaves makes a valuable cathar- 
tic. Synonymes: 1, A. Linndei; 2, Ndrium 
tincihrium. 

Aubftta . . . YcL 6, 8, Ev. 8. 10 Guiana . 1785 

cath&rtica 1 . . Tel. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 12 Guiana . 1785 

grandifl6x» 2 . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. CL 12 Bradl . . 1844 

neriifblia . . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Amor. . 1847 

Pnraguay&isis . Yel. 7, a Ev. 8. 4 Paraguay . 1848 

Sch6ttii . . .Yel. 0, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Brai£ . . 1847 

verticUl&ta . . YeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 4 8. Amer. . 1812 

Allant5dia, Bot. Peg. The cylindrical in- 
dusia resembles a kind of pudding called ' 
a sausage, hence the derivation of the name, 
from allantos, a sausage. Linn. 24, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Polypodidcece. Ornamental species 
of ferns ; for culture, &c., see Polypbdium. 
Synonymes: 1, Polypbdium axilldre; 2, P. 
umbrhsum. 

austriOis . . . Bm. . 7, Q. Her. P. 1 V. Die. L. 1820 
axJllilris 1 . . Bm. . 7, G. Her. P. 2 Madeira . 1770 
strigbea . . . Brn. all, 8. Her. P. 2 Madeira . 1848 
tdnera .... Bm. . 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1820 
ximbr68a 2 . . Bm. . 7, G. Her. P. 4 Madeira . 1779 

AllArdtia, Deoaisne. Meaning unknown.* 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsterdceoB. For 
culture see Chrysdnthemiim. 
ijytfnea . . . Blue . H. Her. P. 

AlliAria, Adanson. The name refers to the 
strong garlic smell ; and is derived from 
allium, garlic. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bras- 
siedceas. Mere weeds, of the simplest culture. 
Synonyme: 1, Erysimum alliaria — brachy- 
ckrpsif officindlis, 1. 

Alligator APPLE. See Andna paliistria. 

Alligator fear. See Pirsea gratissima, 

Alli6nia, Linn. In memory of Charles 
AUioni, a botanist at Turin. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Nycta^ndcecB. These interesting 
annuals delight in sandy peat or loam. * 
incamUta . . Flesh . 8, H. A. 1 Cumana. 1820 
ovAta .... Purple . 7, H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1827 
vioUoea . . . Violet . 7, H. A. 1 Cumana. 1820 

Allium, Linn. Derivfid frOm the Celtic all, 
signifying hot, or burning. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. LilidcecB. Most of the species are 
pretty. They succeed in common soil, and 
mcrease abundantly from offsets. The Onion, 
Leek, Garlic, Shallot, Chives, &c, all agree in 
their stimulant, diuretic, and expectorant 
eff'ects, differing in degree of actinty. Syno- 
nymes: 1, A. cdmeum; 2, Amaryllis edspia, 
CHnum cdapium; 3, Allium campistre ; 4, A. 
flaviscens; 6, A. fatidum ; 6, A. baicaUnse, 
spirdhf semiscens ; 7, A. rdseum, amblguum ; 
8, A. paniculdtum; 9, A. monspessuldnum ; 
10, A. tartdricum; 11, A. virisctns; 12, A. 
soorodoprdsum ; 13, ScUla paratUxa; 14, J. 
paiiiculdtum ; 16, A. vinedle; 16, A. sUl- 
Idtum dZbum-, angulbsum; 17, A. bisiilnim ; 
IS, A. tenuifblium; \9, A. glaiteum, pal&stre; 
20, Omilhdgalumgramineum; 21, A. deJUxum ; 



ALL 



ALL 



22, A. anitiguum^ gramini/blium, ericetdrum ; 

23, A, cilidtum; 24, A, Ampeloprdsum ; 25, 
Oaloscdrdon nerinefibrivin ; 26, Caloacdrdon ex- 
aMum; 27, A. caeriUeum; 28, A, nvdicaiUe; 
29, A, Umgifolium. 



acnmlnitum . 
acuttfnguluin . 
acutifl6rum. . 
actitum . . . 
fflbidum . . . 
undbnum 1 . 
ampeloprftfluxn 
Andersoni . . 
angidbsum . . 
armi&rium . . 
ascaldnicum 

xD^ua . . . 
tfsiMrum . . . 
atropurpllreum 
aztireum 37 . . 
Babingtdnii . 
brachyst^mon . 
c»rtdeum . . 
conad^nse . . 
oarin&tuxn . . 
o&meiim-. . . 
caPoliniAmim . 
olaplum 2 . . 
caadKsicuxn . . 
C^ . . . . 

aggreg&tuxn . 

paucifl6rum . 
oepflBfbrmo . . 

OOTQUUXn . . 

Cbamcemdly . 
cUi&tum. . . 
oizita«uzn . . 
CluBiAnum . . 
oozif^rtum 3 . 
oongttetum . . 
oon&ov^rsum . 
Cowftni . . . 
danubiAle . . 
denudfctum 4 . 
desofodenB . . 
erfcttixn . . . 
eu<j0mttm 28 . 
exB^rtum 26 . 
FiflcbM . . . 
fistulbsum . . 
fl4vuxn . . . 
fl^xum 5. . . 
foUol68uin . . 
frdgrans . . . 
fAflcum . . . 
glandidftflum 29 
glabcum 6 . . 
glob^Bum . . 
grfoile . . . 
gutt&tum . . 
HallM . . . 
ill^cum . . 
Incam&tum 7 . 
intormbdium 8 
iuncifblitim 
uxum . . . 
llne&re . . . 
Iitt6reum 9 . . 
longif6Iium . . 
longispftthum . 
mifelcum . . 
mi^fle . . . 
xuMiiun . . . 
MMy .... 
xnoDt&nuxn . 
moBcbktum. . 
muttfUle . . 
multifldram 
ziardasifl6ram . 
neMolitAnum . 
noT{nefl6rum26 
nigrum . . . 
nudicaUo . . 
ntitans . . . 



Redwh. 7, 
Red. . e, 
Bed. . 6, 
Red. . 7, 
White . 0, 
Red. . 5, 
Purple. 7, 
Purple. 0, 
Lt. pur. 6, 
Purple. 6, 
Purple. 6, 
Purple. 7, 
Purple. 8, 
Dk.pur. 7, 
Blue . 10, 
Red. . 0, 
White . 6, 
Bhio . a. 
Purple. Oi 
On. ycL 6, 
Pa. pur. 0, 
Red. . 6, 
White 
White 
White 
White 
White 
White 
Rod. 
White 
White 
Straw . 7, 
White . 7^ 
Purple. 8, 
Purple. 6, 
Purple. 0, 
White . 6, 
Red. . 6^ 
Wh-red 8, 
Dk.pur. 7, 
White . 6, 
White . 6, 
White . ^, 
lilac . 7. 
Gn. yel. 4, 
Yellow. «, 
Dk.pur. 7, 
Purple. 7, 
White . 9, 
Brown. 7^ 
White . 6, 
Pink . 6, 
Purple. 8, 
White . 3, 
White . " 
Pa. red 
Purple. 7, 
Red. .6, 
White . 8, 
White . 6, 
Red. . 6, 
Wh. red 6, 
Pvuple. 7, 
Dk.pur. 7, 
Brown. 7, 
Gn. wh. 6, 
White . 6, 
White . 6, 
Yellow. 6, 
Red. . 7, 
W. pur. 8, 
Red . . 7, 
Red. .6, 
Purple. 0, 
White . 8, 
Rone 
White 
White 
Red. 



H.B1.P. 
, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
t, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
;, H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
. H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
1, H. BL P. 
t, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
, H. Bl. P. 
i, H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
1, H. BL P. 
(, H. BL P. 
;, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
i, n. BL P. 
r, H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 

H.BLP. 
, H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
(, H. BL P. 
1, H. BL P. 
, H. Bl. P. 
; H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
1, H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
', H. Bl. P. 
», H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
;, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
\ H. BL P. 

H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
\ H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
►, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
>, H. Bl. P. 
■ H.B1.P. 
, H. BL P. 
\ H. BL P. 
, H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 
\, H. BL P. 
I, H. BL P. 
(, H. BL P. 
\ H. BL P. 
, H. Bl. P. 
;. H. Bl. P. 
', H. Bl. P. 
I, H. BL P. 
i, H. BL P. 
I, H. Bl. P. 
', H. BL P. 
',H.BLP. 
', H. BL P. 
', H. BL P. 



1 Califom. 1840 
1 1816 

1 France . 1819 
1 1819 

I Crimea . 1820 

1 France . 1821 

2 England, hills 
1 Siberia . 1818 
1 Germany 1789 

iBrltn. moLwo. 
Palestine 1546 
8. Eur. . 
i S. Eur. . 1800 
1 Hungary 1821 
1 Altai . . 1830 

3 Britain, rocks 
1 Europe . 1819 

iRusAia . 1840 
N. Amer. 1739 
Engld. rocks 



1816 
N. Amer. 1818 
Crimea . 1822 
Caucasus 



1829 
1803 

1618 
1816 
1823 



1 

1 

1 

1 

8 

8 

3 

1 1824 

1 N. Amer. 1806 

!8. Eur. . 1774 
Naples . 1822 
Siberia 
S. Eur. 
1 Europe 
H Siberia 

i Chile. 
1 Germany 1818 
1 Siberia .1819 
1 SwitcerL 1796 

J C. G. H. . 1823 
1 Brazil . 1829 

\ Russia . 1818 
1 Siberia 
1( Siberia 
I Austria 
1 
1 

1( W. Ind. . 1822 
1 Hungary 1820 
1 Mexico . 1829 

; Siberia . 1800 
1 Caucasus 1821 
3 CaroUna 1776 
1( Odessa . 1819 
1 8. Eur. . 1818 
1( Austria . 1820 



1829 
1629 
1759 

1817 



Greece . 1812 
S. Eur. . 1827 
Chile . . 1826 
Siberia . 1817 
Siberia . 1752 
Italy . . 1818 
Mexico . 1826 
1^ Pranoe . 1810 

1 Austria . 1596 

2 Italy . . 1824 

1 Hungaiy 1820 

2 8. Eur. . 1604 
1( Greece . 1818 

\ 8. Eiu-. . 1823 
1 N. Amer. 1824 
1 N. Africa 1800 
1 France . 
1 Naples . 1823 
h Chusan . 1843 
} Barbary. 1818 
1 BrasU . 1829 
1 Siberia . 1785 



obllquum . 
ochroleticum 
od6rum 10 . 
olerJLeeum II 
Opbiooodro- 

don 12 . 
oxyp^talum 
PalllMl . . 
pOlens . . 
ponicul&tom 
pamddxum IS . White 
I>arvifl6rum . Puride 
pedemontAnimi Red . 
pendtillnum . White 
Pdrrum . . 
proliferum . 
proetr&tum . 
pnmi&tum . . Red 
pulchdlum 14 . Scarlet 
pt^chrum . . Yellow 
PtixBhii 15 . . Pink 
pusfllum. . 
ram68um 
reticul&tum 16 
r5eeum . . 
rotftndum . 
rub^um . 
rtbens 17 . 
rubictlndum 
ruptetre . . 
sativum . . 
sax^tlle . . 
SchaBnopr&- 

Bum 18 



. White . 6. H. BL P. 1( Siberia . 1759 
. Cream . 7, H. BL P. 1 Hungary 1816 
. White . 6, H. BL P. 1 8. Eur. . 1828 
. Pa. yeL 6, H. BL P. 1 Bnghid. oo. fi. 

I Pft. red 8, H. BL P. 1 Greece 

. White . 8, H. BL P. 1 8. Bur. 
. Red. . 6, H. BL P. 9 Russia 
. Pale. . 6, H. BL P. 2 8. Eur. 
. Pale. 



1818 
1819 
1779 
6, H. BL P. 2 8. Eur. . 1780 
4, H. BL P. \ Caucasus 1823 
6, H. BL P. 1 8. Eur. . 1781 
7,H.BLP. 1 Piedmntl817 

~ ■ - * 1825 

1562 
1820 
1823 
1819 
1810 



4, H. BL P. \ Italy 
White . 4, H. BL P. 2 Switzeri. 
White . 7. H. Bl. P. 3 
Red . . 7, H. BL P. \ Siberia 

7, H. Bl. P. 1* Spain 

7, H. BL P. 1 Taurla 

6, H. BL P. 1 8. Eur. , 

8, H. Bl. P. 2 N. Amer. 1818 

7, H. BL P. J Italy . . 1826 
Siberia . 1819 

6, H. BL P. 1 N. Amor. 1800 
Pa. pur. 6, H. BL P. 1 France . 1762 
Purple . 7, H. BL P. 1| 8. Eur. . 1820 
Red . . 7, H. BL P. { Caucasus 1825 
Purple . 6, H. Bl. P. f Germany 1805 
Red^ . 7, H. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1804 
Red . . 6, H. BL P. 11 Crimea . 1824 

6, H. BL P. \\ Sicily . 1548 

7, H. BL P. 1 Crimea . 1823 



. ¥rhite 

. Pa. yeL 6. H. Bl. P. 1 

. White " 



.White 
.White 



(Flesh 



5, H. BL P. ^ Britain, mea. 

Soorodopriksum Lt piu*. 7, H. BL P. 8 Denmark 1596 

j- Yellow. 6, H. Bl. P. | 8. Eur. . 1826 

. White . 6, H. BL P. \ Germany 1696 
. Rod . . 8, H. Bl. P. 1 SwitacrL 1820 
. Pa. red 7, H. BL P. 1 Siberia . 1777 
. Gn.pur. 7, H. BL P. 1 Sicily. . 1832 

} Red. . 7, H. BL P. IJ Europe . 1759 

. White . 6, H. BL P. J Germany 1802 

. Purple. 6, H. BL P. 1 Siberia . 1820 

Lilac . 6, H. BL P. j N. Amor. 1811 

1823 



fblium 
senditcens 
serotlnum . 
sibfriuum 19 
slculum . . 
sphflDroc^pha- 

lum . . 
spir&Ie . . 
sphriimi . . 

stell&tum . . Lilac . 6; H. BL P. } N. 
striat^um 20 . Wh.yeL 4, H. Bl. P. ij Chile 
striatum . . White . 5, H. Bl. P. 1 Carolina 
strictum 21 . . Pink . 7, H. BL P. 1 
Buavedlens 22 . White . 6, H. BL P. 1 Austria 



subhirsttum23 White 

Synn<5tii . . . Pa. red 

tariAricum . . White . 

tenuifl5rum . Pink . 

tric6ccimi . . White . 

triqu^rum . . White . 

urslnum . . . Wbite . 
▼errucfieum 
Victori&le 



1800 
1821 
1801 
1596 



6, H. BL P. 1 8. Eur. 

7, H. BL P. U C. G. H. . 1825 

6, H. BL P. \ Siberia . 1787 

7, H. BL P. 1 Italy . . 1824 
7, H. BL P. 1 N. Amer. 1770 



6, H. BL P. 

4, H. BL P. 1' Britain, wds. 
Pa. pur. 5, H. BL P. 11 C. 0. H. . 1825 
On. yeL 6, F. BL P. l} Austria . 1739 
angtistifdllum Gn. yeL 4. H. BL P. 1 Scotlnd. mea. 
vine&le . . . Purple. 6, H. BL P. 1 Britain, mea. 
violAcoum . . Violet . 6, H. BL P. 1 8. Eur. . 1828 
Waldstelnii 24 . Purple . 6, H. BL P. 2 Hungaiy 1826 

ALLOFLfCTiTS, De Cand. From a/fo», diverse, 
And plekdiif to plait or fold. Linn, 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. 6fea7ierdceas. A genus of InterestiDg 
plants, requiring similar treatment to Qetnhu 
and Gloxinia, Synonymes : 1, BesUria hicolor ; 
2, A . Sch6Uii, A . tparsifli^rus, BesUria dichrous, 
Hypocprta discolor ; 8, H. gldber; 4, Macro- 
chldmys, Patrisii ; 5, Bypoe$rta splindens, 
Coliimnea zebrina^ Hypocpria discolor. 
bicolor 1 . . YeL pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 N. Grenada 1840 
capititus . . Yellow . 3, 8, Bv. 8. 2 8. Amer. . 1847 
chrysdnthus . YeL red 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Columbia . 1854 
c6noolor ..'"''*'" '" 

congtetus 
dlchrous 2 . 
gibbers . . 

SittiltUB . . 
TolucriLtus. 
Patrisii 4 . . 
pineliAnuB . 



Scarlet . 8, S. Ey. 8. 2 Bnudl . 


.1846 


8. Ev. 8. 




Pur. yel. 3, S. Ev. 8. 2 Brarfl . 


. 1845 


Scariet . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 1 S. Amer. 


. 1847 


8. Ev. a 




8. Ev. 8. 




8. Ev. 8. 




8. Kv.a 





ALL 



23 



ALO 



rtpena . . . YeL bni. 2, S. Ev. CI. i Bt Martha 1845 
BchlixDU . . Vlt red 6, 8. Ev. 8. N. Grenada 1854 
specidsua . . 8. Bv. 8. 

spI&ideDB 5 . TeL pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Brazil . . 1849 

ALLOS6Bns, Bemhardi, Named from alios, 
Tarious, and soroSy heap ; in allusion to the 
changing of the sori. Linn, 24, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Polypodiaee4B. An interesting native 
species of fern, of easy colture. Synonyms ; 
1, PUria crispa, OsmUnda crispa. See Ptiris. 
criBpuB 1 . . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. \ Britain, rocks 

Allseed. See Polycdrpon. 

Ali^pice. See Calycdnthus. 

Allspice-tree. See PiirUrUa, 

Almond. See Am^gdalus. 

AlmeIdea, St. ffil. In honour of J. R. P. de 
Almeida, a Mend of M. St. Hilaire. Linn, 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. RiUdeece. Stove shrubs, grow- 
ing in sandy loam and peat, and increased by 
cutting^ under a glass in heat. 
Tiibra . . . Crlm. red 9, 8. Ev. & 6 Bnusil. . 1849 

Alnus, Touniefort Compounded from o^, near, 
and Ian, the edge of a river ; in allusion to the 
situation where the species grow. Linn, 21, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Betuldtcecs. Timber trees, 
thriving best in very moist situations. The 
wood is employed for under- water purposes, 
turnery, &c. ; the sap is yellow. They are 
propagated by layers or seeds, and the bark 
possesses the tanning principle in a consider- 
able degree. Synonyme : 1, BetUla ovala. 
barb&ta . . . Apa S, H. Do. 8. 20 Russia. . 1888 
canad^naia . . AptL 6, H. De. T. 20 Canada . 
oordifbUa . . . AptL 6, H. De. T. 20 Naples. . 181S 
glaUca .... AptL 6, H. Do. T. 20 N. Amcr. . 1820 
glutindsoL . . Apa 4, H. De. T. 25 Britain, wat pL 
emaiiB^inAta . . Aptl. 4, H. Do. T. 25 gardens 
f5Iiis-variegitis Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 
inclsa. . . . Aptl. 4» H. De. T. 25 gardens 
laciniftta. . . AptL 4, H. De. T. 26 gardens 
quercif&lia . . Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 
inc&na .... AptL 0, H. De. T. 20 Europe . 1780 
angiiUkta. . . Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 
pinnAta . . . Apa 6, H. De. T. 25 Europe . 
Jorulldnsis . . AptL H. De. T. 20 Mexico . 
macroc&rpa . . AptL 6, H. De. T. 20 
macroph^Ua . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 Naples 
obcord&ta . . . AptL 3, H. De. 8. 10 Ruuia. . 1888 
oblong&ta . . . Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . 1730 

clllptica . . . Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 
oxyacanthifblia. Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 
pbmfla .... Apa 6, H. De. T. 10 
rbbra .... Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 
rugdea .... Apa 8, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 
serrulAta . . . Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 1769 
SiUrica . . . Aptl. 6 H. De. T. 20 Blberia . 1820 
8ubrot<hida . . Apa 4, H. De. T. 23 
unduUta . . . Apa 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 1782 
▼fzidis .... Apa 5, H. De. 8. 6 Hungary . 1820 

AlocXsia, Smith. A alight alteration of Colo- 
cisia. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Ardtceoi. 
tflbo yiolAcea 8. Tu. P. 

cucuUAta . . Green . 5, 8. Ev. 8. China . . 1816 
Ij6wii . . . White . 8. Tu. P. Borneo . . 1862 
macrorhLea . 8. Tu. P. 

▼arieg&ta . 8. Tu. P. Japan . . 

metOltea . . Ro. pur. 8. Tu. P. Borneo . . 1859 
Pbrtei ... 8.Tu. P. 

Veltcfaii . . 8.TU.P. Borneo 

aebrina . . 8. Tu. P. Phillipp.Is. 

Aloe, Linn. Derived from alloeh, the Arabic 
name for this genus. Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Lilidtcece. Very interesting and curious 
succulent plants thriving well in open sandy 



loam and peat, mixed with a little reduced 
manure ; the pots must be well drained and 
the plants cautiously watered, especially in 
winter. They increase by suckers, or leaves 
laid on, or very slightly planted in a pot of 
mould. Socotrine aloes are principally ob- 
tained from A. spicdUa and^. aoeotrina. Sy- 
nonymes: 1, A. hdmUis; 2, A. mitroRfbrmis ; 
8, A, hiimilis, indtrva; 4, A, pida;5, A. 
stridla ;6,A. barhacUnsis. See Aptcra, Haw&r- 
(hia, Paehidhidron, Phylldma, and Rkipido- 
dSndron. 

acumin&ta 1 . . Oran. 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1795 
flbicans . . .On. w. 8. 8uc. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1795 
albisplna . . . 8carlet6, G. Ev. 8. 7 C. G. H. 1790 
alboclncta . . . Gran. 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 Africa . 1812 
arbor^soens . . Rod. 6, G. Bv. 8. 12 C. G. H. 1731 
aristAta. . . .Gran. 5, G. Her. P. 3 C. G. H. 1801 
brevifblla . . . Gran. 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1810 
dbsia .... Oran. 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 C. G. H. 1818 

el&tlor . . . Red . 6, G. Ev. 8. 5 0. G. H. 1821 
chinftisis . . . YeL . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1821 
ciUAris . . . . Red . 6, G. Bv. 8. 3 CG.H. 1821 
Commellni 2 . . Red G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1819 

deprfissa . . . Oran. 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1731 
dich6toma . . . Red . 7, G. Bv. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1780 
distans .... Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1782 

deprfissa . . . Red . 7. G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1820 

refl^xa . . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8, 6 C. G. H. 1820 
echinftta . . . Red ' G. Bv. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1820 
flavisplna . . . Red . 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1798 
frut^scens . . . Red . 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1818 
glatica .... Red . 4, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1731 

rhodac^tha . Red . 5, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1781 
grfciUs .... Oran. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1822 
htuniUs . . . Oran. 4, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1731 
iuctlrva 3 . . . Oran. 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. 1795 
latif61ia . . . 8carlet 7, G. Ev. a 6C.G.H. 1795 
lineita . . . .Scarlet O.Ev. 8. 5C.G.H. 1789 

glauc^scena . . Scarlet G. Ev. 8. 5 0. G. H. 1786 
micractfntha . . Pink. 7, G. Bv. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1819 
mItnBf6rmJs . . Red . 8, G. Bv. 8. 6 C. G. H, 1782 
ndbilis .... Blue . 8, G. Ev. 8. 5 C. G. H. 1800 
obecbra 4 . . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1819 

glabcior . . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1819 

milgnldens . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1820 
paU^cens . . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1820 
paniculAta 5 . . Scarlet 7, G. Bv. 8. 5 C. G. H. 1795 
plbridens . . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1823 
prollfera . . . Oran. 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1819 

m^jor .... Oran. 4, G. Bv. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1819 
purpurtfscens . Purple 8, G. Bv. 8. 12 C. G. H. 1789 
saponilria . . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1727 

Ibteo-stri&ta . Red . 7, G. Br. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1821 

a6m Oran. 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1818 

serrulikta . . . Red . 7, G. Bv. 8. 7 C. G. H. 1789 
eocotrtna . . . Red . 3, G. Bv. 8. 12 C. G. H. 1731 
spic&ta .... Red G. Bv. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1795 

Bpin68ior . . . Red . 4, G. Bv. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1820 
strlatula . . . Red . 6, G. Bv. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1821 
suber^cta . . . Scarlet 4, G. Ev. 8. 5C.G.H. 1789 

semigutt&ta. . Oran. 5, G. Ev. 8. 5 C. G. H. 1819 
subtubercul&ta . Oran. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1620 
tenulfblia . . .Oran. 6, G. Her. P. 8G.G.H. 1821 
tenUior .... YeUow 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1821 
tubercuUta . . Oran. 4, G. Bv. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1790 
variegita . . . Pink 0, G. Bv. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1790 ■ 
vlrens .... Yellow 8, G. Bv. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1790 
vulg4ris 6 . . '. YeDow 6, G. Bv. 8. 12 C. G. H. 1590 
xanthacdntha . Oran. 6, G. Bv. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1817 

Aloe-wood, or Lion Aloes. See AquHdria. 
Al6mia, Kunth. The name is gathered from a, 

privative, and Imna, a fringe. Linn. 19, Or. 

1, Nat. Or. Asterdusece. An ornamental dwarf 

evergreen ; grown in sandy loam, and increased 

from cuttings. 

ageratoldee . . White 7,. F. Bv. P. l\ N. Spain 1824 
Al6na, Lindley. Primitive name, Noldna — 

letters transposed; from nolo, a little bell. 



ALO 



24 



ALS 



Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Nolan&cece. Fine 
shrubby plants allied to Noldna, bearing large 
sky blue flowers. Ordinary greenhouse treat- 
ment is only required ; and A. ecdistis is a 
useful and showy plant for bedding out in the 
flower garden. 

baccAta . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Coquimbo 
Cfel^tls . . . Blue . 7, O. E^7. 8. 2 ChUi . . 1843 
carn6sa . . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. 8. 14 Coquimbo 
glanduMwa . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Valpjiraiao 
longifblia . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Coquimbo 
obttMa . . . Bluo . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1} Coquimbo 
revoltita . . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. 8. l} Peru . . 
rostrita . . . Blue . 7. G. Ev. 8. 2 Coquimbo 
toment5sa . . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Yalpaniiso 

Alons5a, Ruiz and Pavon. So named after 
Zanoni Alonso, by the authors of the Flora 
Peruviana. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scro- 
phuIaridcecB. These pretty free-flowering 
species, which make such an interesting show 
in the flower-garden, may be successfully 

, grown in rich mould ; and multiplied plenti- 
fully from cuttings or seeds. Synonymea : 1, 
I/emimeris urticifblia^ Celsia urUcifllia ; 2, 
Cilsia liTiedriSf Hemimeris coccinea, 
acutif&lia . . 8carlet . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 Peru . . 1790 
cauliolAtn . . Scarlet . 6, F. Her. P. S Chile . 1823 
incisifblia 1 . 8carlet . '6, G. E^^. 8. 2 Chile . 1795 
intermedia . Scarlet . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 
lineAris 2 . . Scarlet . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Peru . .1790 
WarcsewicsU . Scarlet . 6, F. Ev. 8. 2 

ALOPECtjRUS, Wtlldenow. Called the fox -tail 
grass ; hence the name from alopex, a fox, 
and oura, a tail. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Oraminacece. Useful species of grass. A. 
praUnsis possesses the requisites of quantity, 
quality, and carliness, in a superior degree. 
Any garden soil, divisions, or seeds, 
alplnufl .... Apetal . 6, Grass } Scotland, rocks. 
arundinAceus . Apetal . 7, Grass 2 Europe . . 1826 
bracbyst^Kchys . Apetal . 7, Grass U Siberia . .1820 
oolobachnoldM . Apetal . 7, Grass iX Siberia . .1826 
macrostdchys . Apetal . 7, Grass l|- Barbary . 1S26 
nigricans . . . Apetal . 4, Grass 4 Europe . . 1815 
prat&isia . . . Apetal . 7, Gross 2 Britain . mead. 

agrietiSf bulbbsus, eckindktus, f&lvvs, geniculd- 
tus, raindsus, utriculatuSf veTitricdsus. 

Al6tsia, Ortega. Named in compliment to 
Maria Louisa, Queen of Spain, by Don Antonio 
Palan, botanist at Madnd. Linn. 16, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Verbendceos. Justly esteemed for its 
citron-scented leaves, with which most people 
are acquainted. Rich mould suits it, and young 
cuttings strike freely in sandy soil. Synonyme : 
1, Verbhia triphUlla. 
citriodbra ... Pa. pur. 8, G. De. 8. 3 Chile . 1794 

Alpine brook plant. See Saxifrdga rivularis. 

ALPfNiA, Linn. Jn memory of Prosper Alpini, 
an Italian botanist. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Zingiberdcece. These handsome species, to 
succeed well, require rich sandy soil, and to 
be grown at lai^e in a hot humid atmosphere. 
They are increased by divisions at the roots. 
The root or rhizoma of A. racemdsa and 
Oaldnga, are aromatic. Synanymes; 1, Car- 
damdmum midium ; 2, A. bradedta. 
AlMlRhas . . Rod . . 2, 8. Her. P. 2 B. Ind. . 1796 
antilljkrum . Flesh . 6, 8. Her. P. 4 W. Ind. 18'>6 
auriculAta . Bed. yeL S. Her. P. 4 E. Ind. . 1814 
bracteita. . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 2i B. Ind. . 1824 
calcar&ta . . White . 0, 8. Her. P. 3 £. Ind. . 1800 



CiffdamA- \yf^^^ 8 g Hot p. g R Ind. . 1815 

mum I ' 

cdmua . .Pinlc. .4, 8. Her. P. 6 E. Ind. . 1804 

comdsa . . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Caraccfts 175*! 

difffssa . . Pur.bLy. 4, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 181 S 

exaltAta . . Red ycL 8. Her. P. 1 Surinam 1820 

GaWnga . . Wht yel.lO, 8. Her. P. 6 R Ind. . 

llnsruaBf&rmia Red . . 7, 8. Her. P. 2 B. Ind. . 1820 

moffnlfica . Red . . 7, 8. Her. P. 10 Maurit. 1830 

miUaoodnsls . White . 4. 8. Her. P. 5 E. Ind. . 1790 

mMia 1 . . Rod . . 7, 8. Her. P. 1 K Ind. . 1815 

mtitica . . White . 8, 8. Her. P. 5 E. Ind. .1811 

nlitans . . Pink . 6, 8. Her. P. 13 R Ind. . 1792 

occident&liB . White . 7, 8. Her. P. 6 Jamaica 1793 

penicillAta . Pink . 6, G.Her. P. 2 China . 

puiilcoa . . Scarlet'. 6, S. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1820 

racemdna . White . 8, 8. Her. P. 5 W. Ind. 1762 

Roscoe&na 2 . Red . . 5, 8. Her. P. l\ R Ind. . 182S 

spic&ta . . S.Hcr.P. 2 Sumatm 18*22 

striata . . 8. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1818 

tubulita . . Red . . 7, 8. Her. P. 2 Demera. 1820 

AlsIne, Linn. The name is derived from oZ.'tctf, 
signifying a shaded place ; in allusion to the 
situation the plant thrives best in. Linn. 5. 
Or. 8, Nat Or. CaryophylJAcece. Curious 
plants of simple culture. Synonyme; 1, Sper- 
gularia segetdlis. 

laricifdlia . . White 7, H. Her, P. 1 Siberia . 18S4 
moUugfnea . White 7, H. A. 1 Spain . 1816 

mucronAta . White 7, H. A. 1 8. Bur. . 1777 

pub^cens . . White Y, H. A. 1 . 1810 

aegetOiB . . White 7, H. A. 1 France . 1805 

Afidia. 
AlJSODfeiA, Ihi Petii TTumars. Derived from 
alsodeSf leafy ; in reference to the plants being 
thickly beset with leaves. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Violdtcece. These ornamental species 
succeed in a mixture of loam and peat, and 
propagate freely from cuttings in sand. 

arbdrea . . White 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Madagas. . 1823 

latifdlia . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Mada^ . 18*24 

paucifldra . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Madagas. . 1824 

pubtfscens . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Madagas. . 1825 

Al3<5phila, Bot. Reg. The name refers to the 
habitat of the plant, and is gathered fi'om 
alsoSj grove, and pkiko, to love. Li7in. 24, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodidcecp. These interest- 
ing species may be ^own in peat and loam, 
and increased by divisions. 

austr&lis . . Brown G. Her. P. N. Holl. . 1823 
excdiaa . . Brown G. Her. P. 
Guiaadnsis . Brown G. Her. P. 

Alst5nia, R. Brown. In memory of Dr. Alston, 
a professor of medicine at Edinbui^h. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apoq/nAcece. Pretty species ; 
for culture, &c., see NMum. Synonyme: 1, 
A. oleandri/bliOj Ndrium iinctbrium. See 
also Symplbeoa, 

plumdsa . . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. Caledonia 
scholAris 1 . White . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 20 E. Ind. . . 182( 
8pectA>iIii . White . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Java . . . 1825 
venen&ta . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 25 R Ind. . . 1825 

AiiSTiUEMkRiA, Linn. Named in honour of 
Baron Claudius Alstroemer, a Swedish botanist 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AmaryllidacecB. The 
species of this beautiful genus. Sweet observes, 
** thrive best in a mixture of full one- third 
sand, rather more than a third of turfj^ loam, 
and the rest turfy peat ; several species suc- 
ceed well out in the open air, planted about 
six inches deep, by the side of a south wall,, 
in sandy soil.'^ The stove species also succeed 
well in the same compost ; they are increased 



ALT 



25 



ALT 



by dividing the roots, or by seeds, which must 
be sown as soon as ripe. A. lAgtu is delight- 
fiilly fragrant. A. ScUsilla is diaphoretic and 
diuretic. From A. pdllida a kind of arrowroot 
is prepared in Chile. Sifno7iymes: 1, B&tndria 
aciUifilia; 2, A Caldasiana; 3, B. edtUis; 4, 
A. HooJ^Hi; 6, A. Simsii; 6, Bomdria edUis; 
7, B, oeuldUa; 8, A. versicolor. 
acutifbUa 1 . Red yel. 9, F. De. Tw. 6 Mexico . 1829 

aUrea . . Red yeL 7, F. De. Tw. 6 

maculita . Grn. red 7, F. De. Tw. 6 Camccns. 1839 
aurantioca 8 Orange . 6, 6. BL P. 2 Valpar. . 1831 
Barclay&na . Orange . 7, F. Tu. P. 8 
Bertaro&na Pa. pink 7, F. Tu. P. 3 ChUo . . 
bleolor . . Or. spct 9, 8. Tu. P. 1\ ChUe . . 1826 
Caldteii 2 . TeL red 6, G. Tu. P. 1 Quintina. 1852 
chil&isli!. . Pink . 7, F. Tu. P. U Chili . . 1834 
chorilltfn«ifi. Ro. yoL 7, P. Tu. P. 1 Peru . . 1848 
edUie 3 . . Bed . . 7, 8. Do. Tw. 2 Trinidad. 1820 

^S^ }w. spot 8, P. Tu. P. 2 Hybrid . 1885 

Floa-Mkrtini Wb. pur. 6, 8. Tu. P. 1* Oule . . 1822 

hsamibitba . Or. red . 7. 8. Tu. P. li Chile . . 1830 

birtaia . . Red yeL 7, H. De. Tw. 4 Mexico . 1824 

lineatifldra . Pink . 7, G. Tu. P. 1 Peru . . 1842 

Lfgtu. . . Scarlet . 3, 8. Tu. P. | Peru . . 1776 

magnifica . Pa. pur. 7, 8. Tu. P. S Coquim. . 1843 

NeOm . . Pa. rose 6. G. Tu. P. 2 Mendoxa. 1827 

nemor&ea . Red jrel. 9, F. Tu. P. 2 Or^anMt. 1840 

ocul&ta 6 . Ro. pur. 6, G. De. OL 2 Valpar. . 1881 

ov&ta ... Red yeL 6, H. De. Tw. 4 Chile . . 1824 

pOUda . . Pink red 6, G. Tu. P. 2 Chile . . 1827 

paucifl6ra . Or. grn. 9, 8. Do. Tw. 2 Caraccas . 1823 

Peiegrlna . Striped . 7, G. Tu. P. 1 Pom. .1763 

plantagfnea Or. yeL . 8, 8. Tu. P. 1 Braeil. . 1850 

psittHclna . Crimson 9, F. Tu. P. 6 Mexico . 1829 

pulch^Ila 4 . 8carlot . 6, 8. Tu. P. 8 ChUe . . Ib2i 

pilbsa . . Scarlet 10, 6. Tu. P. 1 Chile . . 

r&ea 6 . . Pink . 7, 8. Tu. P. 2 Peru . . 1824 

% 7 . Gr.crim. 6, S. De. Tw. 6 S. Amor. . 1806 



Alternanth^ra, R. Brown, The name refers 
to the stamens being alternately fertile and 
barren. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaran- 
tdeecB. The biennial species of this interesting 
genus should be sown on a gentle heating hot- 
bed, in peaty soil. The stove and greenhouse 
species succeed well in any light rich soil, and 
propagate froely from cuttings. Synonyme: 
1, A. ttxilUkris. 

Achyrtotba . White 7, 8. Her. P. 1 B. Ayres . 1782 
can^soens . . White 7, 8. Her. P. I Cumana . 1825 
camcattfna . . White 7, a Her. P. 1 Trinidad . 1819 
dentlculita. . White 7, G. Her. P. \ N. 8. W. . 1822 
ficoldes . . . Green 7, 8. Her. P. t 8. Amer. . 1821 
aiifdrmis . . White 7, 8. Her. P. I E. Ind. . 
frut^eoens . . White 7, G. Ey. S. } Peru . . 1820 
nodiflbra . . White 5, G. Her. P. | N. HolL . 1826 
polygonoidea . White 7, G. Her. P. 1 America . 1731 
procAmbens . White 7, 8. Her. P. \ Bradl . . 1818 
aerfcea . . . White 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Quito . . 1820 
■tfssilis . . . Brown 8, 8. B. ^ E. Ind. . 1778 



. Yellow 6, a 



1823 



spinbea I 

Alternating, alternate with anything men- 
tioned. 

AlthJ&a, lAnn. Derived from altJieOj to cure ; 
from the medicinal qualities of some of the 
species. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Malvacece. 
Tall free-flowering plants : the biennial and 
annual kinds should be sown in the open 
border in spring, and transplanted when suffi- 
ciently strong. The herbaceous kinds may be 
increased by dividing the roots, or by seeds. 
A. rhxa, the parent of the many beautiful 
varieties of HoUyhock, yields a blue colour! ug 
matter equal to indigo. Synonymett ; 1, A. 
Uuedntha; 2, A. grandijldra. 



acablis . . . Purple 7, H. A. 1^ Aleppo . 1680 

cannablna . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 6 8. Eur. . 1597 

cariWto. . . Pink . 4, 8. B. 8 W. Ind. . 1816 

ficifblia . . . Orange 7, H. B. 6 Jjerant . 1597 

flexudaa . . Pink . 7. H. Her. P. 8 E. Ind. . 1803 

Frolovi&na . Pink . 7, H. B. 6 Siberia . 1827 

hirstita . . *. White . 7, H. A. 6 Britain ch. pL 

LudwlgU . .Pink . 7, H. A. 6 Sicily .1791 

narbon^nais . Pink . 8, H. Her. P. 6 6. Eur. . 1780 

nudiflbra 1 . White . 7, H. Her. P. 6 Siberia . 1827 

officinjOis . . Flesh . 7. H. Her. P. 6 Brit 8. Mar. 

p^Qlida ... Pa. red 7, H. B. 6 Hungary 1805 

rbeea . . . Red . 8, H. B. 6 China . 1573 

bU5ba 2 . . Red . 7, H. B. 6 8. Eur. . 

Siebferl . . . Purple 7, H. B. 6 Sicily . 1829 

sin^naia . . Red . 7, H. A. 6 China . 1818 

striata . . . White . 7, H. B. 6 

taurin&isla . Bed . 8, H. Her. P. 6 TuHn . 1817 

AxTfNGiA, Noronha. Named in memory of 
Alting, a worthy Gorraan botanist. Linn. 22, 
Or. 13, Nat Or. Pindcetg. These handsome 
growing trees attain a great ma^itude and 
neight, especially A. excUsa^ which averages 
one hundred feet ; they prefer deep loamy 
soil ; and young plants may with care lie 
struck from portions of the fully-ripened wood 
taken off at the joints, and planted in a 
pot of sand, under a glass, but not plunged or 
exposed to the sun. Seeds, when such can be- 
obtained, produce the best plants. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Araticdria excilsa. 

Cnnningh&mi . AptL 5, G. Ev. T. 100 N. HolL . 1824 
exc^lsa 1 . . AptL 6, G. Ev. T. 100 Norfolk Is. 1796 

AltIssima, tallest, highest 

Alum root. See HetJLchera [comb. 

Alveolate, having the appearance of honey- 

Alvine, belonging to the intestines. 

AltsicIrpus, Necher. Derived from cdysia^ a 
chain, and karpus^ a fruit ; in allusion to the 
chain-like appearance of the legume. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat Or. FahiXcea. Plants of the 
simplest culture. Synonymes : 1, ffedpaarwu 
hupleurifilium^ gramineum; 2, H. nummulari- 
fbiium; 8, H. styracifblium ; i. H. vagindle. . 

bupleurifMiua 1 Purple 7, 8. Her. P. 2 K Ind. . 1793 
monillfer . . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. i E. Ind. . 1816 

nummulari/dliua 2, styraeifblitts 3, wtgindlis i. 
ALfssuM, Linn. Derived from a, privative, 
and lysaa^ rage; from a notion among the 
ancients of the plant possessing the power of 
allaying anger. Linn. 16, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
BrasneAceoe. These neat and interesting 
species are well adapted for ornamenting 
rock-work, or the front of flower-beds. They 
increase readily either from seeds, cuttings, or 
divisions, and grow well in any common soil. 
Synonymes: l^KhnigamarUiirut; %A. alpistre. 

alp^Btre. . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. . 1825 
arg^nteura. . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 SwitaerL 
atUtnticiun . YeUow 4, H. Ev. S. \ Crete. . 1817 
Bertoldnii . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 1 SwitzerL 1823 
calyclnum . . Idl. yeL 7. H. A. 1 Austria . 1740 

camp^Mre . . Lil.yeL 7, H. A. 1 France . 1768 

cuneifbUum . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. ^ Italy . . 1820 
dent&tum . . Yellow 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 Uxuigary 1820 
varieg&tum . YoUow 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 Hungary 1820 
difriksum . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. \ Italy . . 1820 
•ddntulum. . YeUow 7, H. B. 4 Spain . 1791 

gemondnse. . YeUow 4, H. Ev. 8. 1 Europe . 
irslitum . . Yellow 6, H. A. | Tauria . 1817 

morltimum 1 . White 7, H. A. 1 EngL, sea. co. 

variegfctum . White 6, H. Ev. a 1 Hybrid . 



MarschaUi- 
&num 2 



' I YeUow 4, H. Her. P. \ Caucasus 1820 



ALY 



26 



AMA 



mlcrfotbum . 
mlcropdtAlum 
minimum . . 
mont&num 
murfile . . . 
obtu8if[yilum . 
ol^mpicum . 
orient&le . . 

vaiieg&tum . 
proc&mbeDB . 
roeta:&tum . . 
BSLxHae. . . 

comptfctum . 
8erpylUf5Iium 
gpatulAtum . 
tortu68um . . 
umbell&tum . 
vernftle . . . 
Wulf eui&num . 



TeUow 
Yellow 
LiLyeL 
Yellow 
YeUow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
YeUow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
YeUow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 



8» H. Ev. 
6, H. 
7,H. 

6, H. Her. 
r, H. Her. 
i, H. Ev. 
6, H. Her. 
4, H. Ev. 
4, H. Ev. 
H. Ev. 
6, H. 
6, H. Ev. 
«, H. Ev. 
8, H. Ev. 
4, H. Ev. 
4, H. Her. 

r, H. 

6, H. Ev. 
4, H. Her. 



P. ^ RiiMla . 1836 
A. 1 Siberia . 1823 
A. I 8. Eur. . 1791 
P. i Germany 1713 
P. 1 Hungary 18*20 
8. I Tauria . 1828 
P. 1700 

8. 1 Cr«te. . 
P. 1 Gardens. 

Crimea . 1823 
Candia . 1710 
Candia . 
Bur. . 1822 
8. i Siberia . 1818 
P. 1 Hungaxy 1804 
A. i Tamift . 1821 
& I 1819 

P. I Carinthia 1819 



8. 1 ( 

i. f Cai 
Lis.] 

i. } Sib 



calydmirHy campSstre, lialimlfbUumy micropi- 
taJunif miiwnumf miniUum, rostriUum, ru- 
pistrff spindsum. 
ALifxiA, R. Brown, Taken .from alyxiSf anx- 
iety ; in allusion to the heavy aspect of the 
plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocyndtcece. 
Curious snecies of easy culture, growing well 
in sandy loam mixed with a little pea^ cut- 
tings of the ripened wood planted in a pot of 
. sand under a glass, plunged in heat, win root 
freely. Synonymes: 1, Oynopbgon Alpxia^ 
Alpxia Forst^i ; 2, A. Richardsdni, 
daphnoldea . . White 4, G. Ev. 8. 4 Norfolk Is. 1831 
Porsttsri . . . White 7, G. Ev, 8. 4 Norfolk Is. 1831 
Gynopftgon 1 . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 Norfolk la. 1881 
puglonii^rmis . White 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 Moreton B. 1820 
nmdfilia 2 . . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL . 1820 

ALZATki, Ruiz and Pavon, Named in honour 
of Joseph A. de Alzaty, a Spanish naturalist. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Celastracece, An 
oi-namental tree, for culture, &c. see Celaatrus. 
vortidll&ta . . Gr. wh. 6, G. Ev. T. 10 Peru . . 1824 

Amabile, pleasing, amiable. 

Amada ginger. See OHLrcuirML Amdda, 

Amadou. See Hemdndia. 

AmalIgo. See Piper AinaUtgo. 

AmjLncaes. See Ismhu Am&ncaes. 

Aman)ta. See Agdricus muacdriiLs. 

AmabIcub, Mwnjch. Linn, 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
LamiacecB. See Origanum. 

AMARANTlcEiB. An order containing some 
very showy plants, but the greater part are 
only weeds, and not worth cultivating. 

Amaranth. See Amardnthiu. 

AmarAnthus, Linn. Derived from a, priva- 
tive, and mairaino, to wither ; in reference 
to the length of time some of the flowers 
retain their bright colours. Linn. 21, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. Amaraniacea. Some species of this 
genus are pretty; the hardy kinds merely 
require sowinff in the open border ; the less 
hardy should be sown in a gentle-heating hot- 
bed, and when old enough, potted off singly, 
observing to give plenty of pot-room, good rich 
soil, ana water. A. obtusiJUia is diuretic. 
Synonynu : 1, Chenopddium ca'udhtum. 



atropurphreus Purple 9, H. 



blcolor 

caracaa&nua 

oauditus 

celoidoldea . 

crutetus 

fasciiktus 



Rodgn. 8, H. 
Red. . 7, H. 
Red . . 8, H. 
Red. .8.H. 
Red. .7, H. 
Dk. red 7, H. 
Red . 7, H. 



A. 2 
A. 2 
A. S 
A. 4 
A. 4 
A.4 
A.8 
A. 2 



E. Ind. . 1820 
E. Ind. . 1802 
Canocas 1818 
E. Ind. . 1696 
1820 
a Amer. 1818 
China . 1728 
E. Ind. . 1816 



fikvuB . . 
frumentAceus 
hfcticuB . . 
hyjHxshondzl- ) 
acus . . / 
lancesefdlius . 
melanchtflicus . 

rbber . . . 
oler&cexis . 
panicul&tufl 
pdndulus 

Abus . , 
sanguineus. 
Bpeeidsiis . 
tolcolor . . 



Lt yeL 8, H. 
Red. . 8, H. 
Pink . 8, H. 

Dk. red 7, H. 

Red. .7, H. 
Purple 7. H. 
Red. .7, G. 
Pa. rod 7, H. 
Green . 8, H. 
Red . 7, H. 
White . 7, H. 
Red. .8, H. 
Red. .7, H. 
RedyeL8,H. 



A.4 India. .1750 
A. 8 £. Ind. . 1828 
A. S 1796 

A. 6 Virginia 1684 

A. 8 R Ind. . 1816 

A. U R Ind. . 1731 

A. 2} Japan . 

A. 6 R Ind. . 1764 

A. N. Amer. 1798 

A.^ 

A.2 

A. 8 

A.6 

A.8 



Bahama . 1775 
Nepal . 1819 
R Ind. . 1548 



dlbust angusiifbliu8y PerehiSldii, BlUum, bul- 
UUus, campikriSf eaxilifldrus^ chlcrostdchys, 
eurvi/blius, dejl^xua, gangiiieusy gigdiUeus, 
grdciliSf 1 ; grcec^zans, hpbridus, inam^us, 
inodnUuSf interrHptus, lAtus, linedius, Kvidus, 
TnangostdnuSy pdlliduSf pariaiinaiSf persica- 
rioideSy polygdmus, polygonoideSy polyatdchys, 
prostrdtus, pthnilus, retroJUxua, rigidus, aedn- 
dens, specidsuSf spiedius, spindsuSy strictus, syl- 
vistria, tenuifilius, tristis, f^ridis, zanhisis. 

AmaryllidAcrs. An order of beautiful bul- 
bous plants which have excited admiration in 
all ages. 

Amaryllis, Linn. The name of a nymph cele- 
brated by the poet Virgil. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Amarylliddcetx, This interesting and 
beautiful genus of bulbous plants may be suc- 
cessfully grown in the foUowmg manner :— The 
bulbs of the stove species should be turned 
out of the pots in autumn, and laid on a shelf 
or other dry place till spring, when they should 
be potted and introduced into tiie hothouse, 
giving them, as they progress, plenty of water. 
A, reiiculdia and striatifdlia will not bear 
turning out, but flower better by remaining 
in their pota all the year. The greenhouse 
species must also be turned out of the pots 
and dried, and in the spring potted, and en- 
couraged to flower. The soil snould comprise 
equal portions of turfy loam and peat, with 

^ a fair quantity of sand ; the pots should he 
di-ained well. They are increacBed by offsets 
from the bulbs. Synonymes: 1, Hippedstrum 
aHlicum; 2, Allium cdspium^ Crinum cdspium; 
8, Sprekilia formosissima ; 4, SphoerotHe coc- 
iAnea, PkycUla ignea; 5, CHnum latifilium; 
6, A. speddbilis; 7, A. acumindta; 8, Bippe- 
dstrumrobOgtum; 9, A. Ranksidna; 10, A. ma- 
raninsis; 11, A. vUidta, Harris^i. See Bruns- 
vigia, (Mnum, HcUrrdnlhus, Hippedstrum, IxiO' 
lirion, Lycdris, Nerine, PhycUla, Pyrollrion, 
SphcBToUU, SprekHict, Vallbta, Zephyrdnlhes. 
<dvona . . 8carlet . 6, 8. De. BL | Cihlli . 
oertna . . P. yeL . 6, 8. De. BL | Chill . 
amiblUs . . Varieg. . 6, G. De. BL U Hybrid 
am*na . . Red . . 6, 8. De. BL l| Hybrid 
atrortibens . Drk. red 8, 8. De. BL 1 Hybrid 
auglisto . . 8Garlet 12. 8. De. BL 2 Hybrid 
ahUca 1 . . Gn. sear. 7, H. De. BL 1( Btacil. 
platyjp«aU Orange . 8, 8. De. BL iJ Brmril. 
BankBiAna . Pink 10, G. De. BL 2 C. G. H. 
Belladonna . Red . . 7, H.De. BL 2 Hybrid 
pflUda . . Flesh . 8, H. De. BL S W. Ind. 
WSinda . . Wh. pk. 8 G. De. BL U C. Q. H. 
5,8. De.BL iJ Bnuil. 
8, 8. De. BL 8 Hybrid 

8, 8. De. Bl. \\ Hybrid 

9, H. De. BL \ Peru . 



calyptriLta . Green 
campanulMa Pur. sc. 
canalicuUta 8carlet 
ctodida . . White . 



1807 
1821 
1828 
1881 
1821 
1822 
1810 
1884 
1840 
1821 
1712 
1754 
1816 
1828 
1828 
1828 



AMA 



27 



AME 



ctf8pia2 . 
oocdnea . 
oompdbta 
oonsan- 

guinea 
coet&ta • 
crispifldra 
crocMa . 

deobra . 
del6cta . 
discolor . 
eqii&ttrte. 

miijor . 

pVlaaa . 
exptfnsa . 
Forb^sU . 

parptxreA 
furmosls- 

irfmn S . 

ffilgidA . 
vftt&ta . 
glaucdacens 
grandifldra 
Ho<JdU . 
fgnea4 . 
igndacexia 
imporlAIis 
ixufgnisS 
intcrmMia 
jap<3nica . 
Jobnfidni 
kermcslna 
lateritia . 
macrtEntba 
magnffica 
niann^ndfl 



. White . 4, H. 
. Scarlet . 8, S. 
. Red . . 8, S. 

I Orange . 8, 8. 

• Striped 8, S. 
. Scarlet . 6, G. 
. VermiL 4, 8. 
. Scariet . 5, a 
.Striped 7,8. 
. Drk. red 8, O. 
.Striped 8,8. 
. Scailet . 8, 8. 
. Scarlet . 8, S. 
. Scarlet . 8, 8. 
. Drk. red 8, 8. 
. Pur. w. T, G. 
. Purple . 7, G. 

}Drk. rod 7, G. 

. VermiL 4, 8. 

. Violet . 4, 8. 

Red . . 7, G. 

Striped . 5, 8 

Scarlet 

Scarlet 
Flame 
Scarlet 
Pink 

Striped. ,, _- 
Yellow . 7, G. 
Striped. 5, G. 
Carmine 6, 8. 

6.8. 

8, G. 

5,8. 

6.8. 

7,8. 



De. BL 1 
De. Bl. U 
De.BLl 

De. Bl 1 

De. Bl. U 
De. BL l| 
De. BL 1 
De.BL 1 
De. BL 1^ 
De. BLl 
DcBLl} 
De.BLl 
De. BL li 
De. BLl 
De.BLl 
De. BL 8 
De. BL 2 

De. BL I N. Amer. 1068 



Crimea . 1822 

Hybrid . 1821 

Hybrid . 1821 

Hybrid .1821 

Hybrid . 1821 

Hybrid . 1822 

Brazil. . 1816 

Hybrid .1810 

Hybrid . 1821 

Hybrid . 1822 

Hybrid . 1821 

W. Ind. . 1710 

W. Ind. . 1710 

W. Ind. . 1809 

Hybrid . 1821 

C. G. H. . 1823 

C. G. H. . 1828 



8.G. 
11,8. 
6, G. 
8,G. 
7,8. 
8,8. 



Red . 
Red . 



Red 
molucc&na . Pink 
multistrijkta Striped. 8,8. 
nervifdlia . Pur. red 8, 8. 
palldscena . Pur. rod 7, 8. 
pfttcns . . Purple . 8, 8. 
patentfsaima Crimson 8, 8. 
phoenlcea . Purple . d, 8. 

Scarlet . 8, 8. 

Scarlet . 8, a 

Blue . . 8. 

Gm. ac 



prfnceps 

prfndpla . 

proctea 

poittaclna 

h^brida 

pudlca . 

p(Uchra . 

jmlveru- . 

16nta7 

pumHio . 

punctata. 

purpurds- 

oens 



7,8. 
. Red gn. 4, 8. 



.Pink 
. Pur. w. 

JRed . 

.Pink 
.Pa. red 

jPuzple 



5, G. 

6, G. 



I 

De.BL 9 
De.BL i 
De. BL 1 
De. BL 1} 
De. BL 1 
De.Bl. 1 
De. BL 1 
De.BL2 
De. BL S 
De. BL 1 
BL P. 1} 
De. BL 1 
De. BLl 
De.BL 2 
De. BL 1 
De. BL 2 
De. BL 1 
De.Bl. 2 
De. BL li 
DO.BL 2 
De. BL 1 
Do. BL 1 
De.BL 
De.BL 
De. BL 2 
De. BL 1 
De.BL 2 
De. BL 14 
BL P. ll 
De. BL i 
De.BLl 



1810 
1820 
1822 
1821 
1822 
1824 
1822 
1822 
181tf 
1821 

1810 
1833 
1850 



. 1 

.U 

.ll 



6, & De. BL 1 

10, G. 
, 8,8. 

, 6, a 



BrasU. 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
ChiU . 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Rind. 
Brazil. 
Japan. 
Hybrid 
Brazil. 
Guiana 
Hybrid 



Marauhao 1821 
Moluccas 1810 
Hybrid .1822 
Hybrid . 1821 
C. G. H. . 
Hybrid . 1821 
Hybrid . 1821 
Hybrid . 1822 
Hybrid . 1822 
BrazU. .1830 
Brazil. .1864 
Brazil. . 1816 
Hybrid . 1820 
C. G. H. . 1796 
Hybrid . 1823 

BrazU. .1819 

1774 
1822 



quadrloolor . Striped . 8, 8. 
recurr&ta . Striped . 6, a 
recurvifl6ra Red . . 8, 8. 
regln» . . Scarlet . 6, 8. 

▼itt&ta . . Scarlet 
Teticul&ta . Scarlet 

Btrlatifdiia. Purple 
retifldra . . Scarlet 
retin^rvia . Scarlet 
TOToltita . . Pink 
ilngens . . Red w. 
rob&Bta 8 . Red . 
rteeo-diba . Red w. 
rub6acens . Red . 
rubictknda . Red . 
xYlbro-cr6cea Red saff. 8, 8. 
rugdsa . . Striped . 6, 8. 
rtitUa . . . Scarlet . 4, S. 
eexmacuUtta Copper . 8, 8. 
Slateri^na 9 . Red . . 3, S. 
•olandnafdlia Pur. yeL 4, a 
spathicea . Red . 
■plfodens . Scarlet 
atenfatha . Red . 
■triatifldra . Striped 
striatlfdlia . Purple 
atyldaa 10 . Red . 



De. BL ^ C. G. H 
De. BL 1 Hybrid 

De. BL 1| Hybrid 

De. BL 1 Hybrid 
De.BLl Hybrid 
De. BL 1} Hybrid . 1822 
De. BL 2 America . 1725 



.1822 

1822 
1822 



5, 

6, a 

4, a 
4, a 
6, a 
6, a 
&. 0. 
8, a 
a 
8, a 
4, a 

6,8. 



8, a 

, 6. a 

4, a 

7, a 

8,8. 

4, a 



a De.BL 2 



De. BL 2 
De. BLl 
De.BLl 
De. BL 1 
De. BL 1 
De. BL 2 
De. BL 1} 
De, BL 2 
De. BL 1 
De. Bl. 2 
De. BL 2 
De. BL U 
De. BL 1 
Do. BL i 
De. BL I 
BL P. 2 
De. BL U 
De. BL l| 
De. BL 2 
Do. BL 2 
De.BL2 
De. BL 1 
De.BL 1 



Hybrid . 1820 

Hybrid . 1820 
BrazU . 1777 
BrazU . 1816 
Hybrid . 1822 
W. Ind. . 1822 
O. G. H. . 1774 
Hybrid . 1821 
BrazU. .1840 
Hybrid . 1821 
Hybrid . 
Hybrid . 1823 
Hybrid . 1822 
Hybrid . 1821 
Brazil. .1816 
Hybrid . 1822 
C. G. H. . 1844 
a Amor. 1820 
Hybrid . 1821 
Hybrid . 1820 
Hybrid . 1821 
Hybrid . 1821 
Brazil. . 1815 
Maranhao 1821 



subbarb&ta . Scarlet . 8, 8. De. BL 2 BntzU 
sulc&ta . . Striped. 6, 8. De. BL 1 Hybrid 
sup^rba . . Striped. 6, 8. De. BL 2 Hybrid 
tortulifldra . Scarlet . 6, 8. De. BL 1 Hybrid 
tortudsa . . Gm. sc. 8, 8. De. BL U Hybrid 
undiUwflbra Pur. w. 8, 8. De. BL 1 Hybrid 



1823 
1821 
1821 
1822 
1822 
1821 
1821 
1821 



▼arUbiUs . Red w. 6, 8. De. BL 1( C.'G. H. 

▼ariegi^ta . Striped . 6, 8. De. BL 1 Hybrid 

versicolor . Varieg. . 9, a Do. BL 1 Hybrid . 1821 

vitt4ta . . Striped . 4, G. De. BL 1 C. G. H. . 1769 

mijor . . Striped . 6, G. De. BL 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

vittlfera . . Striped. 4, 8. De. BL 1^ Hybrid . 1823 

ctcc^nSf ATidersdnii, Annesleydnc^ attenudtay 
australdMca, bracUdUaf brernfidra, brevifblia, 
eamiseens, ColviUei, conaoMna, coranicaf cd- 
prea, dioicti, fldmmeay fiUvcLy gigdrUea, imbtUa, 
IcUifdlia^ Unedta 11, longifblia^ longi/blia- 
Oavhiia, minidtaf rnvWriliSy nervbrn, obscHra^ 
omd.ta, pdllidafpallidi/ldrafpulventUiUa longi- 
pedunculdta, solandroejldra, S. purpurdsceiia, 
S. rdhro-stridia, tcUdrica, tricolor^ unique 
Ackermdnni ptUchSrrifha, VdUUif vtndsa, Wcll- 
aidna, zeyldnica, 
Amab5nia, Linn. In memory of Thomas Ama- 
son, an American traveller. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. VerbeTidcecB. These are interesting 
plants, and may be successfully grown in 
sandy loam, and increased from suckers. Si^fUh 
nyme: 1, Taligdlia campisiris. • 
erteta 1 . Yellow . 9. 8. Her. P. 11 Maranhao . 1823 
punicea . Tel. scar. 9, 8. Her. P. \\ Trinidad . 1826 

Ama-tsia. See Hydrdngea. 

Amberb6a, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat 
Or. Asterdcemspectdbilis. See CerUaiLrea. 

Amber TREE, ^qq AiUhoapirmum. 

Ambergl6ttis or Amblygl6ttis. See Ca- 
Idnthe. 

Ambiguous, doubtful or uncertain. 

AMBiiBiON, Itaf. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
LilideeoB. See Fritilldria. 

Ambr6sia, Linnceus. A poetical name, ex- 
pressive of the food of the heathen gods. 
Linn. 21, Or. 5, Nat. Or. AsterdcecR. Un- 
interesting species of the simplest culture. 
Synonyme: If A. absinlhifdlia — artemisisefblia, 
cuman^nse, elktior, heteroph^Ua 1, integrlf^lia, 
maritima, paniculkta, trinda. 

AMBROSfNiA. Named in honour of B. AmJbro- 
sini, Curator of the Botanic Garden, Bo- 
logna. Linn. 21, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ardceca. A 
hfu^y herbaceous plant requiring the same 
treatment as Arum, Synonyme: 1, Arum 
probasddium. 
B^tosil 1 . . . Gm. pur. 5, H. Her. P. 1 a Eur. . 1828 

AmbULnchier, Medicus. According to Cluaius, 
this is the only Savoy name for the Medlar. 
Linn. 12, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Pomdceae. These 
ornamental free-flowering bushes, make a gay 
display when. standing in the distant part of 
pleasure-grounds. For culture &c., see Coton- 
edster. Synonymos: 1, Mispilua canad&nsiSf 
Pprus aanguinca; 2, MispUua AmelAnchder, 
Botry&pium . . White 5, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1746 
fldrida .... Wbite 5, H. De. T. 8 N. Amer. 1826 

parvif61ia . . . White 5, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. 
ov&lifl .... White 5, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1800 
8cmi-in^egrif61ia White 5, H. D& T. 8 N. Amer. 
subcoroAta . . White 5, H. De. T. 8 N. Amer. 
racemdsa . . . White 5, H. De. 8. 8 China . 
sangulnea 1 . . . White 5, H. De. a 8 N. Amer. 1800 
▼ulg&ris 2 . . . White 5, H. De. 8. 4 a Bur. . 1596 



AMB 



28 



AMM 



Amellus, Willdenow. A name employed by 
"Virgil, for a fine flower found on the banks of 
the river Mella. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asterdceae. Interesting species, succeeding well 
in a loamy soil, and cuttings planted under a 
glass root freely. Synonymes: 1, Siderdnthus 
spinuldsiu; 2, S. vUldsiu. 

Lychnltifl . . Violet 7, G. Ev. Tr. 1 C. G. H. . 1708 
spinuldsus 1 . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 Missouri . 1811 
ynJOiieua 2 . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 1 Missouri . 1811 

AmentAcks. Exogenous plants bearing flowers 
in catkins, and divided oy some modem bo- 
tanists into six orders — qalled CasuarinAcea, 
Betuldceor, AUi)iffidcecB, Salicd/xct, Myricdcea:, 
and EloBOffnacecc. 
Ament, I A catkin mode of inflorescence ; as 
Amentum, \ the Hazel and Willow. 
AjffENTALBS. See Amentdcece. 
American almond. See BraUjum. 
American aloe. See AgUve aviericdna, 
American china root. See SmUax. 
American cowslip. See DocUcdtheon. 
American cranberry. See Oxycdecus macro- 

cdrpus. 
American cress. See Barhdrea prdgcox, 
American ebony. See Amerimnwni kbenvs, 
American gamboge. See Hypericum bcuxiUum. 
American marmalade. See Aekras mammdsa, 
AMERfMNUM, Patrick Brotonr. A Greek name 
for the house-leek ; derived from o, privative, 
and Tnerimna, care ; in allusion to the little 
attention the plant requires. Linn. 16, Or. 
6, Nat. Or. Pabdusem. Ornamental shi-ubs. 
SynonyTMs: 1, Pterocdrpus Amerimnum; 2, 
Bri^a ^bmus^ Ptcroedrpiis gldbra, P. biixi- 
fbliua, Aspdlathiis arboriscens; for culture &c., 
see Pterocdrpus. 

BrowiiW 1 . . White . 6, 8. Br. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1793 
Ebenus 2 . . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 W. Ind. . 1840 
striguldsum . White . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Trinidad . 1817 

Ameth^stea, Willdenow. The name is given 
in allusion to the colour of the flowers, from 
amethystoa, the amethyst. Linn. 2, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Lamidcece. A pretty blue-flowered 
annual ; it grows in peaty soil, and produces 
abundance of seed 
CflorHlea . . . Blue . 7, H. A. 1| Siberia . 1760 

Amethystinotjs, violet-coloured. 

Amh^rstia, Wallich. In honour of the Rt. 
Hon. Countess Amherst and her daughter 
Lady Sarah Amherst ; the zealous friends and 
promoters of every branch of Natural History, 
but especially Botany. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Fabdeecd. This truly noble object first became 
known to Dr. Wallich through the medium 
of a Mr. Crawford, in August, 1886, who 
originally discovered it near Martaban, in the 
E. Indies ; the former gentleman afterwards 
found it, as he himself states, " growing near 
a decayed Kioum (a sort of monastery) to- 
gether with numerous individuals of Jonisia 
Asdca and Misua fSrrea; it was profusely 
ornamented with pendulous racemes of large 
vermilion-coloured blossoms, unequsdled m 
the flora of the E. Indies, and perhaps not 
surpassed in magnificence and elegance in any 
part of the wond,"— Wallich* s PlantoB Asia- 



ticcB Rariores, The ground, he states, was 
strewed even at a distance with its* flowers, 
which are daily offered to the images in the 
adjoining caves. He transported it to the 
Botanic Garden, Calcutta, where it was seen by 
Mr. J. Gibson, plant collector for the Duke 
of Devonshire, wno very fortunately succeeded 
in bringing a plant alive to the collection at 
Chatswortn. It delights in a rich strong loam, 
and maybe propagated by cuttings of the half- 
ripened wood, planted in sand, under a glass, 
in heat, by ringing the stems of the old j^nt, 
or by seeds, 
n&bilifl . . . Rich ver. 5, 8. Ev. T. 40 E. Ind. . 18S7 

AmiXnthium, Oray. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat Or. 
Afelanthdcece. See Heldnias, 

AMfciA, Humboldt and Bonpland. In memory 
of J. B. Amici, a noted physician. Linn. 16, 
Or. 6, Nat. Or. FabdceoB. This interesting 
evergreen climber delights in open loamy soil, 
and increases readily from cuttmgs. 
E7g6meri8. . Yellow 6, 8. Bv. CL 10 Mexico . 1826 

AMiRbLA, Persoon. Derivation unknown. Linn. 
21, Or. 9. Nat. Or. Sapinddcec^ An orna- 
mental tree, thriving in peat and loam, and 
increased by cuttings. Synonyme : 1, LagHnea 
nUida. 
Bftida 1 . . . 8. Ev. T. 24 Peru . . 18S4 

AmmAnnia, Linn, In honour of John Am- 
mann, a physician and botanist at St. Peters- 
burgh. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat Or. Lytkrdceoe. 
Species of no beauty ; for culture, &c., see 
Balsdmina. 

vertioill&ta . White 8, H. A. 1 Guinea . 1819 

CBffypllaca^ auriculdta, bacdferot c&spica] 
cUbiliSt diffusa^ Mmilis, lalifblia, muMifldra^ 
octdndra, pentdndra, raconbsOj rarndsior, ro- 
tundi/dlickf rUbraj mnffuinoUrUa, viridis, Worm- 
skidldii. 

Ammi, Linn. The plant delights to grow in 
sandy places, hence the name from amm/)s, 
sand. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat Or. Apidceas. 
■ Weeds of the simplest culture. Synony-tne : 
1, Biinium acaiiU. acatile 1, anethif51ium, 
Boeb^ri, daucifblium, ferulsef^lium, glaucifd- 
lium, mkjus, Yisnkga. 

Ammobium, R. Broton. Derived from ammoSf 
sand, and bio, to live ; in reference to the 
situation where the plants grow, Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. AsierdcecB. Pretty species ot 
the easiest culture. 

al&tum . . . White 6, F. Her. P. 8 N. HolL . 1822 
pLmtagfneum . White 8, G. Her. P. 2 N. HolL . 1SS7 

Amm<5gharis, Ha. AminoSf sand, and ehairo, 

to delight Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryl- 

liddceas. See Brunsvigia. 
Ammod^ndron, Fischer. Aminos^ sand, and 

dcndron, a tree ; situation. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 

Nat. Or. Fabdcece. Synonyms: 1, S6phora 

argitUea. 

SieTdrstt 1 . . Purple 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 Siberia . 18S7 
Ammogeton, De Candolle. AmmoSf sand, and 

getan, near ; situation. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 

Or. AsierdceoB, 

8cor«>norif61iuxn . Yel. 5, H. Her. P. 2 N. Axner. 1834 



AMM 



29 



AMP 



AmibPHiLA, Kg. AminoSf sand, a.n<lphileOf to 
l»ye. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oramtnd»ce€g. 
See Ar&ndo aud Padmma, 

AnKfRSlNB, Piarsh. Derived from amrnos, 
sand, and myrsiMj a myrtle. Linn. 10, Or. 
1, Nat Or. EricdfCece. These interesting species 
should be grown in peat, and sheltered in 
winter in a frame or pit. They increase from 
layers. Synonymes: 1, Lidum buxi/dUum, 
Leiophpllum thymi/blium. 

buzifdlU 1 . . White 6» H. Er. 8. 4 N. Amer. 17S6 
prortr&ta. . . White 6, H. Et. S. \ N. Amer. 

AifOMXTM, Linn. Deriyod from a, privative, 
and mamos, impurity ; in allusion to the 
supposed qualities of some species as counter- 
poisons, iinn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Zingiberdcece. 
Ornamental stove-plants, requiring similar 
treatment to Alplnia. The Cardamoms of 
commerce are the seeds of several species. In 
Bengal, the fruit of A. aromdiieum is used. 
The well-known Grains of Paradise are the 
seeds of A. Ordma- Parodist. 
acule4tum . . Orange . 5, & Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1810 
AfrUii . . Pink. . fi, 8. Her P. 8 8. Leone 1705 
angustif6Uum Bed . . 6, 8. Her. P. 8 Madatfas. 1822 
aromHticum . Pur. yeL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1828 
Cardamdmum Pa bm. 6, 8. Her. P. 2 K Ind. . 1820 
CHlsii . . . TeUow . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Fern. Po 1860 
Dtfnielli . . . Y. nsd w. 6, 8. Her. P. S W. Africa 1854 
deolUktum . . White . 4, 8 Her. P. 8 Bengal . 1810 
Grtoa-ParadiBi Bed . . S, & Her. P. 1 Madagaa. 
grandifldrom . White . 7, 8. Her. P. 8 & Leone 1705 
latifdlium . . Pur. yeL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 8. Leone 1824 
miximTun . . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 R Ind. . 
MTlceum . . White . 7, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1810 
BubulAtom . . Tellow . 4, 8. Her. P. 8 Bengal . 1822 
■ylv&tre . . White . 4, 8. Her P. 1 W. Cid. . 1810 
vitelllnum . . Yellow . 5, & Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1847 

Am6ora, R. C. Linn. 6, Or. 8, Nat. Or. 
Melideece. A stove shruh requiring to be 
potted in rich light loam, and easily propagated 
by cuttings planted in sand under a glass in 
heat. 

cuculUkta . . . TeUow . 8. Er. 8. E. Ind. . 1824 
Ah6rpha, Linn. The name is derived fi-om a, 
privative, and morphe, form ; alluding to. the 
deformity of the corolla. Idnn. 16, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. Pahduea. Elegant free-flowerine 
shrubs, thriving well in common soil, and 
increased by lavers, or cuttings taken off at 
a joint, and planted early in autumn, in a 
sheltered situation. The more tender species 
require the protection of a mat in severe 
weather. Synonymea: 1, A. ndna; 2, A. 
pubiaeens; 8, A. mierophplla. 
can^floens . . Blue . 7, F. De. 8. 8 Kiasouri . 1812 
ordceo-lanjlta . Pur. . 7, F. De. a 6 N. Amer. . 1820 
frftgrana . . Pur. . 7, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1800 
frutictea . . Pur. . 7, H. De. 8. 6 Carolina . 1724 
angnstifblia. Pur. . 0, H. De. 8. 6 8. Carolina 1812 
cierillea . . Blue. 6, H. De. 8. 6 B.Carolina 
emargin&ta . Pur. . 7, H. De. 8. 8 Carolina . 1724 
micro|»hyila. Pur. . 0, H. De. 8. 2 Carolina . 
glKbra . . . Pur. . 7, P. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. . 1810 
berb&cea 2. . Blue . 7, F. Her. P. C Carolina . 18uS 
Lewlaii . . . Pur. . 7, F. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. . 18*20 
microph^Ua . Pur. . 8» F. De. 8. 1 Hlasouri . 1811 
nikna 8 . . . Blue . 8, F. De. 8. 1| Missouri . 1811 

AmorfhofhJLllus, Blume. AmorphoSf dis- 
figured, and ^Ao/ios, form of spadiz. Linn. 21, 
Or. 7, Nat Or. Ardtcea. Culture the same as 
for tropical Arums. Synonytms: 1, Arum 



bulblferum, Pythdnium bulbi/erunif Calddium 
bulb^erum; 2, A. campanuldlum^ Tdccapkal- 
lifera^ Calddium Hoxbitrghiiy Canddrum Rox- 
b&rghii; 8, D. zeyldnieum; 4, Dracdntium 
polyphpUumH 

bulbtferus 1 . Red . 4, 8. Her. P. 2h E. Ind. 1813 
oampanulAtus 2 Purple. 4, 8. Her. P. iX Ceylon 1810 
dubfus 8 . . .Or. pur. 4, 8. Her. P. ll Ceylon 1860 
gigant^us 4 . . Purple. 4, 8. Her. P. l{ India . 1750 

Am68A. See fnga. 

AMPELODisMos, JCVi, Ampelo8, a vine, and 
deamos, a bond. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gramin&cece. See ArUndo. 

AmpeixSprasum. See Allium AmpelAprasum. 

AHFEii6psis, Michaux. These ;>lants resemble 
the vine ; hence the name from ampeloa, a 
vine, and opaia^ resemblance. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Vitdce4E. This genus of interesting 
plants comprehends the Virginian creeper, so 
well known for its adaptation to cover walls, 
bowers, and trellis- work. They grow in 
common soil, and increase from layers or 
cuttings. JSynonymea: 1, Ciaaua ampcl6paia; 
2, C. quinque/blitia. 

blplnnAta . Pur. gm. 8, H. De. 8. 15 N. Amer. 1700 
cordkta 1 . Pur. grn. 5, H. De. CI. 20 N. Amer. 1803 
hederiMsea 2. Pur. gm. 7, H. De. CI. 00 N. Amer. 1720 
hiratita . . Pur. gm. 5, H. De. CL 00 N. Amer. 1800 

AMPELOSfcTOS, Da, Ampeloa^ a vine, and aiq^oa, 
a cucumber. Liwn. 21, Or. 9, Nat Or. Oucur- 
bitduxca. See JoHffia. 

AlfPELf GONUM, Lindley. The name is in allu- 
sion to the grape-like fruit. Linn. 8, Or. 8, 
Nat Or. Polygowieea. This species is very 
interesting, and will thrive in sandy loam and 
a little peat, and may be readily increased bv 
seeds. This is one of the species from which 
indigo of a fine quality is obtained. Synonyms : 
Polygonum ehirUnae. 
ohindnse 1 . Telsh. wht 7, O. Her. P. S B. Ind. 1837 

Amph^rephis, Kunth. Derived from amphere- 
phia, well covered; in allusion to the double 
involucrum. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Aaterdceca, Pretty annuals, of easy culture, 
aristi^ta . . Purple . 7, H. A. 1( Caraocas 1824 

intermMia . Purple . 8, H. * A. ll Brazil . 1821 
mHUca . . Purple . 7, H. A. It 8. Amer. 1808 

Amphibious, growing either in or out of the 
water. 

AmphicarpAa, Elliot. The name is derived 
from amphif on both sides, and karpua^ fruit ; 
in allusion to the fact of the plants bearing 
pods both on the roots and on the stems. 
Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat Or. Pabducs. Orna- 
mental deciduous twiners ; for culture &c., see 
Cliidria, Synonymea: 1, Glpdnecomdaa; 2, O. 
monoiea ; 3, O. JUdaa^ aarm^ntoaa. 
monolca 2 . Apetal . 0, H. De. Tw. N. Amer. 1781 
sarmenttea 8 Apetal . 0, H. De. Tw. N. Amer. 1820 

comdaa 1. 

AmphicArpus, round-fruited. 

Amphich5rda^ Priea. Compounded from amphia, 
signifying on either or each side, and chorda, a 
chord. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Mucordoem. 
A dusty or porous substance, found on rotten 
trunks under ground in the autumn— /an7id<30a. 

AmfhIgoms, lS>yU. From amphif around, and 



AMP 



SO 



ANA 



koTMf hair ; in allusion to the stmcture of the 
seeds. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. BignoniAcea. 
These are very elegant and rather slender 
species, ^uite hardy enough to stand out if 
planted in dry situations or on rock-work, 
provided they are protected during winter 
from wet and most severe frosts. They thrive 
hest in loamy soil mixed with a little sandy 
peat, and may ho increased hy seeds or cuttings 
of tha young shoots. Synanyme : 1, IncarvU- 
lea Emddi. 

wrgttBk . . Lilac . 8, F. Ev. P. 1 Himalaya . 18S7 
Emddi 1 . .Or. rofle 8, G. Er. 8. 1 India. . . 1852 

Amfhil6phium, KufUh, Derived from amphi- 
lopJwSf crested on all sides ; the limb of the 
corolla is very curled. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Bignonid/xm, Pretly greenhouse climbers ; 
for culture, &c., see BigMnia. Synonyme: 1, 
Bigndnia panicul^Ua, 

panicuUtum 1 . Purple . 6, 8. Ey. CI. 8 W. Ind. 1788 
MutfaU . . . Rose . 8, 8. Ev. CI. 6 K. Oren. 1860 

AMPHip6GONr, R. Brown. Compounded from 
amphi, round, and pogon, a beard. Linn. 8, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gramindcea. A curious 
species of grass of the easiest culture. 
rtrlctuB . . . Apetal . 8, Gnss . 2 New HoU. 1828 

AMFHiSPdRiUM, Link. Compounded from amphi, 
on either or each side, and spoHa, a sporule. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mueordeea. Yellow 
particles observable on hyacinths grown in 
glasses — vergicolar. 

Amphodus. See Kennidya. 

AHPLEXiCAtrLls, stem-clasping. 

AMsiNCKiA, Lehmann. Named after M. Amsinck. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Borctgindeece, The 
seeds of these plants only require to be sown 
in the open ground, about the beginning of 
May, in a dry, warm, sheltered situation. They 
are scarcely worthy of cultivation, except in 
botanical gardens, or where a collection rather 
than a selection is grown. A. angustifilia, 
iniermMiaf lycopscHdes, speddbUia. 

Ams6nia, Walter. In memory of Charles 
Amson, a traveller in America.' Linn. 5, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Apoq^ndeecB. Pretty species, suc- 
ceeding well m common soil, ana increased 
freely from cuttings under a glass, or by 
dividing the roots. Synonyme: 1, Tabemce- 
inorUdina Amadnia. 

anffustlf51ia . Blue . 8^ H. Her. P. S N. Amer. 1774 
latifdlia 1 . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1759 
salicifdlia . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 

AMfoDALUS, Linn. Derived from amysso, to 
lacerate ; in allusion to the fissured shell. 
Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Drupdbceoe. The tall 
and coarse portion of these ornamental early- 
flowering plants may be advantageously dis- 
posed of in lai^e plantations, and the dwarf 
kinds in small shrubberies at the front of the 
large ones. Tlie common way of increasing 
them is by budding on the plum stock, or on 
the bitter almond. Rich mould is a proper 
medium for them. They are most valued for 
producing their showy pink blossoms early 
in the season, sooner than almost any other 
shrubs. Synonyms: 1, Primus prostrdta j 2, 
P. ginhms. See P^rgica. 



coehinchin6)ais Pa. pink 8, II. De. T. 40 C China 1826 



4, H. De. T. 20 Barbary 1548 
. 4, H. Do. T. 20 Barbary 1548 
. 4, H. Do.T. 20 BarUry 1548 
. 4, H. De. T. 20 Barbery 
. 4, H. De. T. 20 Barbary 
. 4, H. De. T. 90 Barbary 
. 4, H. De. 8. 2 CaucasuB 1800 
. 4, H. De. 8. 2 Rugsia . 1888 
. 4, H. Do. 8. 2 Podolia . 1818 
. 4, H. De. a 2 Georgia. 1818 
4, H. De. 8. 10 Levant . 1758 
4, H.De.T. 8 1888 

~ 1 Crete , 1802 
.4 China . 1883 
8 Siberia . 1820 

properties of 



5, H. De. T. 
4, H. De. 8. 
4, H. De. 8. 

the 



oommliniB . . Rea. 

amiLra . . . Rod. 

dfUcia . . .Red. 

friSgilis . . . Rod. 

macrocirpa . Red. 

persicoldee . Red. 

incjkna . . . Rod. 
n&na .... Rod. 

camp6itriB . Rod. 

ge&xvica . . Rod . 

orienOUfl . . Red. 

pedunculAta . Red. 

profltrfctal . .Pink 

ptkmilal. . .Red. 

sibirica . . .Red. 

AmyiJLceous, possessing 
starch. 

AmtbidIcks. a natural order divided from 
Terebinthdceas — consistiug of plants bearing a 
framnt gum, used under the names of Myrrh 
and Frankincense. 

Amtris, Linn. From a, intensive, and myron, 
balm, or myrrluif myrrh ; in allusion to the 
strong perfume of the species. Linn. 8, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. AmyridAcece. Ornamental trees, 
succeeding well in an equal mixture of loam 
and peat, and are propagated from cuttings in 
sand under a glass. A. toaAfera is poisonous. 
Synonym€8: I, A. elemifera; 2, A. haUamifera. 
See BcUaamodindrcn, Duvaika, Idea, Schinus. 
aeumln&ta . White . 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1828 
bKLBiU^nds . White. 8,6. Et.T. 18 Bracil. .1823 
heptaphylla . White . 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1828 
Luniuii . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1820 
marltima . . White . 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Amer. 1810 
nllna . . . White . 8. Ev. 8. 8 E. Indies 1822 
PlumlM 1 . White . 8. Ev. 8. 10 W. Indies 1820 
poltsrama . . White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 12 Chili . . 1790 
svlvtftica . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 18 Carthago 1793 
Tecomica . . White . 8. Ev. T. 50 Mexico . 1827 
toxffera 2 . . White . 8. Ev. T. 50 W. Indies 1818 

AjxAbasis, Linn. One of the names given by 
the Greeks to EquisHum. Linn. 6, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. Chenopodidcea. Curious species of 
the simplest culture. Synonyme: 1, Salsdla 
articyZdia. 

aph^lla 1 . . Green . . 7, O. Ev. 8. 2 A. Minor 1817 
fl6rida . . . Oreen . . 7, H. A. 1 Iberia . 1817 
oppositifldra. Oreen yoL 7, H. A. 1 Russia . 1825 
tamariscifbUa Oreen . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Spain . 1752 

AnacImpgbros, Toum. See'5e<fi2m. 
AnacAmpsbros, Ehrhart. Compounded from 
anakampto, to induce to return, and eroa, 
love ; the name of a plant to which the 
ancients attributed the quality of restoring 
the passion love. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Poriuldcece. A genus of curious succulent 
plants ; for culture, &c. see Aloe. Synonytnea: 
1, EuJingia polyphplla ; 2, Ta^num anacdmp- 
aeroa^ R. anaodmpaeroa ; 3, R. vdriana, A. 
ielephrdatrum. See also Sidum. 
angustifblia . Pink . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 

. Pink . 8, O. Ev. S. 

.Pink .9, 0. Ev. 8. 

.Pink .7, O. Ev. 8. 

.Pink .9, O. Ev. 8. 

. Pink . 8, O. Ev. a 

. Pink . 8, O. Ev. 8. 

.Red . 8» 0. Ev. 8. 

. Pink . 7, O. Ev. 8. 

. Pink . 8, O. Ev. 8. 
Richard. Named 
campto, to turn back ; in allusion to the re- 
flexed state of the pollen masses. Linn. 20, Or. 



arachnoides 
fllamentdsa 
intermMia. 
lancooUlta . 
polyph^lla 1 
rotimdif61ia S 
rhbens . . 
ruf^Bcens . 
▼AriansS 

AnacAmftis, 



C. 0. H. 


1820 


C. G. H. 


1790 


C. 0. H. 


1795 


C. 0. H. 


1824 


C. 0. H. 


1798 


C. G. H. 


1818 


C. 0. H. 


1732 


C. G. H. 


1798 


C. Q. H. 


1818 


C. G. H. 


1818 


from 


cmor 



ANA 



SI 



ANA 



1, Nat. Or. OrehiddceoR, An interesting native 
species, very similar to the orchiH ; cultivation 
simple. Synonyms: 1, Orchis pyramiddlis. 
pynmldAUa .Red . 7, H. Ter. 1| Britain, dr. pa. 

Anacanthous, spineless. 

AnacabdiAcks, a considerable order of orna- 
mental trees and shrubs ; some, as the mango, 
spondias, and others, bear eatable fruit, and 
others are esteemed for the production of gum 
resins of much request for varnishes and dyes. 

AnacArdiuh, SoaAurgh, The name refers to 
the form of the nut ; hence the derivation from 
ana, like, and kardUf heart. Linn. 28, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. ATiaeardideete. These ornamental 
trees thrive in light loamy soil ; and cuttings 
with their leaves on, taken from the ripe wood, 
will strike in sand, in heat, under a glass. A. 
ocadentdle is thus spoken of by Mr. Sander : — 
''This elegant tree, bearing panicled corymbs 
of sweet smelling flowers, succeeded by an 
edible fruit of the T)omme kind, of a yellow or 
red colour. This iruit or apple has a sub-acid 
flavour, with some degree of astringency." See 
Semedkrpus. 

ocddentUe . Om. red . 8. Ev. T. 12 W. Ind. . 1609 
indicum . . Gm. rod . 8. Ev. T. IS E. Ind. . 1(»9 

AnAcharis, Rich. Ana, without, charis, 
beauty. Linn. 22, Or. 8. Nat. Or. Hydro- 
eharioAeecR. An introduced plant, aquatic, in- 
creasing so rapidly tha^ where it establishes 
itself, it becomes a very troublesome weed. 
The plant is not unlike a Potamog^ton. 
alainfetrum . Om 7, H. Tu. P. floa. Britain, ponds 

ANActcLUS, Linn. Derived from a, privative, 
anthoSf a flower, and kyklos, a circle ; in allu- 
sion to the rows of ovaries placed round the 
disk. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AsterdteetE. 
Hardy annuals requiring only to be sown in 
the open ground. Synonymes: 1, SantoHna 
anthemoides; 2, Anthcmis valtn^na; 3, A. 
PyrHhrum. 

'aUreuB . . . TeUow 8, H. A. 1 Levant . 1570 

davkttu . . White 8, H. A. iX Barbaxy. 1810 

radiAtua 2. . ToUow 8, H. A. l| 8 Eur. . 1600 

anthev/uMes 1, critUms, diivaricdtus, orisni&tiSf 
PyrUhrum 3, vcUeiUXniis. 
Anad^nia, R. Brovm. Named from a, priva- 
tive, and adeiif a gland; the nectariferous 
gland is wanting. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Proteicece. A handsome genus, cultivated in 
peat and- loam, and multiplied by cuttings in 
sand under a glass. Synonymes : 1, QreSuiea 
glabrdict^ Manglisia glabrdta. 
aquifUia . . Tellow ft, O. Ev. 8. 3 Swan R. . 1886 
flexudoa . . Tellow 6, G. Ev. 8. S Swan R. . 1880 
gracflia. . . YeDow 6, G. Ev. & 8 Swan R. . 1836 
Ma&ffl%8ii 1 . TeUow 6, G. Ev. 8. S Swan R. . 1886 

Silohdla . . TeUow 0, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HolL . 1824 
nniflbra . . Tellow 6, O. Ev. & 8 8wan R . 1886 

An aoAlus, Toume/oH. The power of removing 
despondency is attributed to this genus, hence 
the name nt)m anagelcMf to laugh. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. PrimtUdeecB. Very pretty in- 
teresting species, of easy culture. Sow the 
hardy annuals in the open ground, and the 
biennials in pots in the greenhouse or a frame, 
and plant them out when strong enough. They 
increase from cuttings planted in any common 



soil under a glass. Orflla destroyed a dog by 
making him swallow three drachms of the 
extract of A. arv&nsis. Synonymes: 1, A. 
phoenieea; 2, A. eolUna. 

altemifdlU . T. pink . 4, 8. Her. P. ^ Rio Jon. 1889 
G. Ev. Tr. i 
G. Ev. Tr. J 
. 8, H. A. } SwitserL 1810 

8, G. B. 8 Morocco 1803 

. 7, G. Ev. Tr. | 

A. 1 Nepal . 1824 

B. 1 Spain . 1759 
B. 1 Portugal 1796 



BrewM 

ffrandifl6ra 
cftimea . . 
ihitiod0a2 
grandifldra 
Sidid 



ndica 
latif&lla . 
linifdUa . 
Man7<ttn 
KonaU . 

Uladna . 

]^<Bnfoea 



. Flesh 
. VermlL 
.Red. 
. Blue . 

. Purple . 8, G. 
Blue. .8, G. 



.7.H. 



Copper . 7, P. Ev. Tr. Hybrid . 1828 
Blue. . 7, G. Her. P. 1 Italy. . 1648 
Lilao . 6, G. Her. P. 1 1836 

._ . Scarlet . 6, G. Her. P. 1 Morocco 1803 

Willmore&na Pur. blu. 9, G. Her. P. I Madeira. 1884 
tentflla . . . Pink . 7, H. De. Cr. I Britain . 
Webbilma. . Blue. . 7^ F. Ev. Tr. { Porbugal 1828 
Wellal&na . . Copper . 8, F. Ev. Tr. } Eng.lxyb.1880 
' arvinsis 1, ceerHlea. 
Garden varieties. — ^Tbese are numerous, and 
some of them very beautiful, principally raised 
from A. grandiflora. 
AKAOtRis, Tovmefort. Named in allusion to 
the curved pod ; from aim, backward, and 
gyros, a circle. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
^oMcMB. Ornamental trees, growing in peat 
and loam, or any light rich soil, and multiplied 
from cuttings or seeds. The seeds of A . fdstida, 
if eaten in any quantity, produce headache. 
Synonyme: BaptUia n^paZ&nsis. See Macro- 
trdpuSf Piptdnihus. 
tdMdtt, . . . TeUow 4, F. Ev. S. 9 Spain . . 1670 

gi&uca . . . Tellow 4, F. Ev. 8. 8 S. Eur. . 1800 
idica 1 . . . TeUow 7, G. Ev. T. 8 Nopai . . 1821 
latif6Ua . . . TeUow 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 Teneiiffe . 1815 

AkanAssa, Thunberg. From nanas, the Guiana 
name. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. BroTneUdceos. 
The plants that yield this very superior fruit, 
so much esteemed for its sweet aromatic 
flavour, were first cultivated in this country 
at Sir Matthew Dicken's, at Richmond, where 
fruit was fir^t produced in 1715. There are 
now a great many distinct kinds described in 
our garden lists : of these only a few are worthy 
of extensive cultivation — such as the common 
broad-leaved Queen, Bipley Queen, Lemon 
Queen, Black Jamaica, New and Old Provi- 
dence, Antigua, Montserrat, Cayenne, Boths- 
childs, and a few others. The methods of 
cultivation are various, but pot culture as 
practised for so manv years is now almost 
everywhere superseded by bedding out, which 
is much less trouble, and also furnishes larger 
fruit in a shorter space of time. By this sys- 
tem, young plants are merely planted in a bed 
composed oi open sandy loam well charred 
by a wood fire, and mixed with a small portion 
of deer's dung, sheep's dung, or very rotten 
horse dung. The bed is heated by hot-water 
pipes passing through a hot-air chamber be- 
neath, and of sufficient power to supply the 
soil with a heat of 75 or 80 degrees. There 
must also be sufficient surface-pipes to per- 
fectlv heat the air of the house or pit. In fine 
weatlier admit air the first thing in the momiug 
(say seven o'clock), and close the house early 
in the afternoon (say three o'clock) ; when 
the paths should be watered and the plants 



ANA 



32 



AND 



syringed oyer the tops, which will cause the 
atmosphere to be very moist ; in this state the 
plants will thrive surprisingly. Fruiting 
phints must not be grown in an over-moist 
atmosphere, but should have, when such can 
be given, a freer circulation of air, or the 
fruit will be of an inferior flavour. The tem- 
perature in winter should be 70 or 75 degrees, 
in summer 80 or 85 degrees, and when closed 
in the afternoon 100 or 110 degrees. The best 
plants are obtained from suckers, but new or 
very inro sorts are also obtained from the 
crown of the fruit. After the fruit is cut, the 
stools should still continue in a good bottom- 
heat, and strong suckers equal to year-old 
plants may be soon taken off. Synonymes : 1, 
BromHia lULcida: 2, B, Andnaa. 
hracte&ta . . Grim. . 4, 8. Hor. P. 8 BntEfl . . 1820 
TariegJlLta . . Grim. . 4, S. Her. P. 8 Braidl . . 1830 
dbbilis . . . Grim. . 4, 8. Her. P. 8 
ITlcida 1 . . . Pink . 8. Her. P. 4 8. Amer. . 
saUva 2 . . . Purple 8. Her. P. 4 8. Amer. . 1690 

AnXndria, De Candolle. Linn, 19, Or. 8, Nat. 
Or. Anterdcecc. See Perdicium, 

AnXntherix, NuUall Derived from a, with- 
out, and arUheriXy an awn, the appendage being 
wanting. lAnn. 9, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AscUpior 
<JUUtcR, An interesting species ; for culture, &c., 
see AacUpias. Si/nonyme: 1, AacUpias viridis, 
vfridiB 1 . Gm. yel. . 8, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1812 

AnarrhInum, DesftmL The name is gathered 
from a, privative, and rhiiij nose ; the plants 
being allied to Antirrhlnumj but the flowers 
quite different. Linn, 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
ScropkularidcecB. These pretty biennials suc- 
ceed well if sown in the open borders. Syno- 
nymea: 1, A. jmbiacena^ A, hiraiUum, 
bollidiR>lium . Blue . 7, H. 
duriminum 1 . Ptt. veL 6, H. 
' • ' .White. 8, H. 



R 1 



France . 1629 
Portugal 1818 



B. U 

R l( 8. Eur. . 1826 



fruticteum 

pubdscexiB . . White . 8i H. B. l' 8. Eur. . 1818 

AnastXtica, Linn. This plant, however dry, 
will recover its original form if immersed m 
water ; hence the name from anaataaia, resur- 
rection. Linn, 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. BraaaicdcMR, 
Rose of Jericho. A curious dwarf species, of 
easy cultui-e. 
hieroohuutlna White . 7, F. A. ^ Levant . 1507 

Anastomosino, uniting of vessels, veins, or 
nerves. 

Anathj^rum, PaJiaot de Beauvoia, Named in 
allusion to the awnless valves of the calyx, 
from a, privative, and anther, awn. Idnn, 23, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. Oramindcece, Uninteresting 
species, of easy culture. Synonynua: 1, An- 
dropdgon muricdlua, amiarrdaua; 2, A, miUictia 
— A. muric^tum 1, muticum 2, virgfnicum. 

Anat(3micum, dissected, laciniated. 

ANAXferoN, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. Aaterdceca—arhoreBCtHA, See GnapJidlitan. 

Anceps, two-edged. 

ANCHiirrEA, Bui. In memory of P. Anchietea, 
a Brazilian writer on plants. Linn, 5, t)r. 1, 
Nat. Or. Violdeeca. An ornamental species ; 
for culture, &c., see Calpptrion. Synonyine: 
1, Calpptrion pyrifdlium. 
pyrifdUa 1 . . White . 7, 8. Ev. GL 6 BrasU . 1822 



AkchomAnes, SchoU, Name not explained. 
Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat Or. Ardeece. A very 
remarkable araceous plant, requiring similar 
treatment to the stove Caladiums. Synonyme: 
1, Calddium pitioldtum, 
Hodkeri pOUda 1 On. pur. 6. Tu. P. Femd. Po 1 862 

Anchovy-pbar. See Oriaa caulifibra. 

ANCHtsA, Lintu A, tinetbria was anciently 
used for staining the skin ; hence the name, 
from agehoreaa, paint for the skin. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. BoragindotoB. The hardy 
annual and biennial species of this ornamental 
genus succeed well sown in the open borders. 
A. cap^Turia should be raised in a frame, and 
treated as a greenhouse plant The roots of 
A. Undbria and vir^nica furnish a reddish- 
brown substance used by dyers. Synonyjnea: 
1, Myoadtia obtHaa; 2, A, angualifblia; 3, Myo- 
adtia macropkplla; i, A, zeyldnica. See Ar- 
nibia^ CynogUaawm^ LiihaapinnuM, Lyedpaia, 
Nbneat OmpheUddes, 
A«&rdhU ' . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 1 8iberia 
amdbna . . Blue . 6, H. A. 1 8. Eur. 

uggreg&ta . Blue . 6, H. A. ) Levant 

angu8tif61ia . Purple 6, H. Hor. p. - -- - 
Rsp^rrima . Blue . 5, H. R 

~ — - — 7, H. Her. P 

6, H. Ev. P. 1 Levant . 1828 
6, G. B. ij C. G. H. . 1800 

6, H. Ev. P. - - • 
8, H. B. 

7, H. Her. P. 
W. blue 7, H. A. IJ Italy 
Flesh . 8, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. 
Blue . &, H. B. 2 

^lla 2 Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Europe 

. Blue . 7, H. Her. P. H I^J • 

. 6, H. Her. P. 1 Russia 

6, H. Her. P. H Levant 

8, H. Her. P. 1 Tauria 




Gmellni . 
hispida 
h^brida . 
incamltta. 
latifbliA . 
loptot 
longif 
macul&ta. 
HillM . 
myosoUdi- 
fl5ra8 . 
oflBcinflis. 
ochrolehca 
itflica . 
paniculiita 
parvifldra 
petioUtto . 
procbra . 
ruptetrifl . 
sericea 
stylftsa . 
ten^lla4 . 
tinetbria . 
undul&ta. 
verruoitn, 



. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 



2 8. Eur. 



1 Gorsica 
1^ Podolia 
1 Egypt 



1820 
1817 
1S27 
1640 
1817 
1820 



Blue 
Bine 

I Pink 

Blue 



1835 
.1817 
. 1817 
. 18i0 
.1810 
. 1826 
. 1640 
. 1819 
. 1824 
. 1713 

.1835 



. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Britn., sea coa. 
. Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1810 
. Po. yeL 8, H. Her. P. 8 8. Eur. . 1597 
.Red . 6, H. Her. P. S Madeira . 1777 
. Blue . 6, H. An, 1 Levat.t . 1827 
. Purple 9, G. Her. P. 1 Nepal . . 1840 
. Blue . 6, H. Her P. S Oalicia . 1834 
. Blue . 7. H. Her. P. i Galicia . 1824 
.Pur. yeL 7, H. Her. P. 1 .8iberia . 1802 
. Blue . 6, H. A. 1 Tauria . 1820 

. Blue . 5, H. A. 1 Geylon . 18'i0 

. White . 8, H. Her. P. } MontpeL . ]59(t 
. Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 8pain . .1762 
. Blue . 7, H. A. 1 8. Eur. . 1821 



Agdrdhiif lycopaokUa, ae^npen^rena. 

AncistrogArpus. See Micrdtea, 

ANCfeTRUM, Kth. From ankiatron, a hook, in 
allusion to the segments of the calyx termi- 
nating in hooks. Herbaceous plauta of no 
floral beauty. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat Or. San- 
guiaorbdbcecB. — Sanyuiabrhoe, ovalifhlium^ argSn- 
ieiim, adaeindena, Icevigdlum, nHciduntf magel- 
Idnieum. ^ 

Anders5nia, J2. Brown. In memory of Messrs. 
W. A. W. and G. Anderson, great promoters 
of Botany. Linn, 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Epacri" 
ddcecB. A very pretty species, multiplied from 
portions of the young shoots, in sand, under a 
glass, and grown in sandy peat soil carefully 
watered. 
sprengelioldeB Pink . 6» G. Ev. & 2 N. Holland . 180S 

And)ra, Lamarck. Its Brazilian name. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat Or. Fabdcea. Laige orna- 



AKD 



33 



AND 



mental trees ; for cultiiro, &c., see GtoffrbycL 

Sywmyrrua: 1, QeoffrHya irUrmis; 2, 0. race- 

mdsa. 

in^rmls 1 . . Purple . S. Ev. T. 8 W. Ind . . 1773 

rocembaa 2 . Purple . 8. Ev. T. 8 Trinidad . 1818 

AndrXchne, Linn. The name of the Puralain 
in Greece. Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Euphor- 
biotecoe. Bastard Orpine. A weed, of simple 
culture — tdephioides. 

Anbre^, Hedwig, Named in honour of J. 
G. K Andrews, a German professor. Linn. 24, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Andrcedcece. This remarkable 
genus differs from all other mosses, in having 
a capsule, wliich splits into four valves, coher- 
ing at their ends by means of the persistent 
lid; it agi-ees wit\\ SpMgnum in having no 
footstalk, but in its room an elongated recep- 
tacle, and appears to be a transition from 
A'ndrced£eoe to Ht'pdlicce. This is, however, 
only apparent. All the species are natives of 
rocks or mountains, and are remarkable for 
their nearly black, or dark-brown colour. — 
LoudorCs Eneyclqpccdia of Plants — alpine^ 
nivdliSt Bdtkiif rupistris. 

AndrjeAcels. a small order of mosses, natives 
of cold and temperate regions, often found in 
the bleakest places, near the limits of peqietual 
snow. They are usually termed split mosseSy 
because the spore cases open by valves without 
elaters. 

Andr6otnous, producing male and female 
flowers on the same plant, or on the same 
spike, or head. 

Ain>R£(5sKiA, DecandolU. In memory of Ant. 
Andrzejowski, a Russian botanist. Linn, 15, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassicdceas. Mere weeds, of 
the simplest culture. Synonjpnes: 1, Sispi^- 
hrium Sieversidnum ; 2, S. integrifilium ; 3, 
8. pedindUum, Hisperispinndta; i, Cheirdnihtts 
jnn9ta^^u«,^-eg1andul66a, 1 ; integrifblia, 2 ; 
pectinSita, 8 ; pinnatifida, 4. 

ANDROCfMBiUM, ^7171. The name is deiived 
from ancTj anther, and himbicn, a saucer, in 
allnsiou to the peculiar form of the stamens 
and their appendages. Linn, 6, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Melanthicece. Interesting bulbous-rooted 
plants ; for culture, &c. see Meldnthivm. 
Syncnyme : 1, McldnOUum eucomatdes, 
euoomoldes 1 . Green 4, G. BL P. | G. G. H. . 1794 
melanthioldoa . White 7, G. BL P. 1 a G. H. . 1823 
Tolut4re . . . White 4, G. BL P. } G. G. H. . 1816 

AkdroobIfhis, N, V. E. Aner, a man, and 
grapho, to write. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aeanihdceos. See Justicia. 

AkdromXchia, Kunth. Named after Androma- 
chus, a physician to Nero. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Naf. Or. Asterdeece. An uninteresting species, 
of easy culture— iflraidria. 

ANDRdMEDA, Linn. Named after the vircin 
Andromeda. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Eri- 
edcecR. Very ornamental and interesting 
species, delisting in peat soil, and increased 
plentifully from layers and seeds. The seed 
should be sown in pots, and very thinly 
covered, for if deep in the soil they will rot ; 
the young plants should be planted out in the 
spring. SynonyTnes ; 1, 4. licida^ populifllia, 



reliculdta, laurina; 2, A. WaltM; 8, A. 
spinuldsa; 4,^4. nilida, IMda; 5, A. poli- 
fbliay UUifdlia; 6, PemMtya angustifdlia ; 7, 
A. paniculdta; 8, A. pub^cens. See Lydnia. 

acuminata 1 . White 8, H. Ev. B. 8 N. Amor. . 1765 

angustifdlia . White S, H. Ev. S. S N. Amer. . 1748 

arbfirca. . . White 8, H. Ev. T. 40 N. Amer. . 1752 

axill&ris . . White 6, H. Ev. S. 1 N. Amor. . 1765 

longlfblia 2 . White 7, H. Ev. S. 1 N. Amor. . 

buxifblia . . Pink . S. Ev. 8. 1 Mauritius 1822 

calyciU&ta . . White 8, H. Ev. 8. 1* N. Amer. . 1748 

latifblia . . White 8, K. Ev. 8. l{ Newfound. 1748 

nJLna . . . White 8, U. Ev. 8. I 

ventric^wa . White 8, IT. Ev. 8. l} Russia. . 1743 

canteens . . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. . 

CatesfaM S . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 N. i^mer. . 1793 

coriilU^ 4 . . Pink . 7, U. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. . 1765 

rhbra . . . Red . 7, H. Ev. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1765 

crfspa . . . White H. Ev. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1824 

dealb&ta . . Pink . 4, H. Ev. 8. 2 

fsisciculikta . White 8. Ev. T. 8 Jamaica . 1824 

ferruglnea . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1784 

floribftnda. . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1812 

formdna . . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 

fronddsa . . White 5, II. Ev. S. 3 N. Amer. . 1806 

glaucbph^lla5 Pink . 7, H. Ev. S. 2 N. Amer. . 

hypnoldes. . W. red 6, K Do. Cr. ^ Lapland . 1796 

lamalc^nsis . White 8. Ev. 8. 6 Jamaica . 1793 

Jap6nica . . White G. Ev. T. 8 Japan . . 1806 

mari^lna . . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. . 1736 

obl6nga . . White 6, H. Ev. S. 2 N. Amer. . 1736 

ov&lis . . . White 6. H. Ev. 8. 2 K. Amer. . 1736 

multifldra . . White 7, H. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. . 

ovallfblia . . White O. Ev. T. 2 Nepal . . 1825 

^**fdlST'. } White 8,0. Ev.S. 2 W. Florida 1841 

pilulffera .' . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 1 

poUfdlia . . Pink . 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 

grandifl6nt . Pink . 4, XL Ev. 8. 1 Ingria . . 1790 

Lufblia . . Pink . 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 N, Amer. . 

mMia. . . Whito 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 Britain .bogs 

minima . . Pink . 4, H. Ev. 8. 1 

oleifbUa . . Pink . 4, U. Ev. 8. 1 

revolbta . . Pink . 4, H. Ev. 8. 1 N. Bur. . 1783 

subuliLta . . Pink . 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 

ricemdea 7 . Whito 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 N Amor. . 1786 

l&tifblia . . White 7, H. Ev. 8. 3 N. Amer. . 

stricta . . White 7, H. Ev. 8. 3 N. Amer. . 

rfgida . . . Whito 5, H. Ev. 8. 20 N. Amer. . 1774 

rosmarinifdlia Pink . 7, H. Ev. 8. 1^ N. Amer. . 

rubigin^sa 8 . White 8. Ev. 8. l} W. Ind. . 

BoUcifdlia . .Pa.gn.6, H.Ev.8. 4 Mauritius 1826 

sinensis . . Blush 6. G. Ev. 8. China . . 1826 

speciiysa . . White 8, H. Ev. 8. S Carolina . 1800 

glatica . . Pink . 8, H. Ev. 8. 8 

nitida. . . White 8, H. Ev. 8. 8 Carolina . 1800 

pulv6rul6nta White 8, H. Ev. a 8 Carolina . 1800 

splc&ta . . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. . 

te6tig6na . . White 4, F. Ev. 8. 8 Lapland . 1810 

Androp5gon, Willdenow. The little tufts of 
hairs on the flowers resemble a man's beard ; 
hence the name fi-om oner, a man, and pogon, 
a beard. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat Or. Grami- 
ndcecB. Uninteresting species of grass, of the 
simplest culture. See A noUhtrium^ A niMstVria, 
Aplvda, Chrysopdgon, Oyrnbopbgon, Heteropo- 
goTiy PoUiniat &nd Rhipidium. Synonyme: 1, 
Andropdgon Idxus — angustifblius, aunulfttus, 
argdnteus, com5sus, furcUus, hirtus, Isch^- 
mum, laguroides, saccharoides, serriitus 1. 

Andr6sace, Linn. Named in reference to the 
resemblance of the round hollow leaf to an an- 
cient buckler ; from aner, a man, and sakos, a 
buckler. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Pri- 
muldcecB. Pretty species, succeeding well in 
small pots, in a mixture of turfy loam and 
peat, cautiously watered. They increase from 
seeds, or by divisions. See ArHia and Lrdba, 

V 



AND 



84 



ANE 



Acablis . . 
aliamoldos , 
brevif&lia . , 
c&moa . . 
carin&ta . . 
Chanuej^mo 
einng&ta . . 
filifbrmlB . 
Uctea. . . 
lactifl(!^rH . . 
lanugindsa . 
linc&ris . . 
xnacrocArxn. 
znllxima . . 
U&IUi . . . 
obtu8if5Ua . 
septentrion&lis White . 0, U. 
. Piiik - - • 



. White . 7. H. B. 1 Siberia . 1825 

. White . 8, U. B. } Siberia . 1820 

. White . h, F. B. k 8. France 1825 

. Flesh . 7, F. Her. P. | Switaerl. 1768 
. Yellow 4, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1826 
. Pink . 7, F. Her. P. 4 Austria. 1768 
. White . 4, H. A. 1 Austria . 1776 

. White . 5, H. A. I Siberia . 1820 

. White . 7, F. Her. P. { Austria . 1762 
. White . 8. H. B. \ Siberia . 1S06 

. Rayel. 8, H. Her. P. I Himalaya 1842 
. White . 4, H. Her. P. I N. Amer. 1806 
. White . 7, H. A. I Siberia . 1827 

. AVhite . 4, H. A. { Austria . 1797 

. Wtiite . 4, H. A. I Denmark 18i'3 

. Pink . 4, H. A. | Itnly . . 1817 

A. \ Russia . 1765 
viUdsa . . . Pmk . 6; U. Her. P. i Pyrenees 1790 

AKDROSikMUM, AUiani. Tho name is given in 
allusion to the colour of the juice ; from aner, 
a man, and haima, blood. Linn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Hyperic&ceca, Tutsan. An interest- 
ing native species, simply cultivated, Syno- 
nyme: 1, Hypiricum Androsdbmum. 
offidnide 1 . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 Britain, woods 

AndrVala, Zdnn. Not explained. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. AsterdcoB. The species are 
rather pretty, and will grow well in common 
soil ; they increase by seeds or divisions. Sy- 
nonyines: 1, A. lyrdta; 2, Cripis incdna. See 
HierHLciwnu 

arg<£ntea 1 . . Yellow . 8, H. B. \ Pyrenees 1817 

cheiranthif51ia Yellow . 7, Q. Her. P. \ Madeira . 1777 
crithmif&lia . Yellow . 8, G. B. | Madeira . 1778 

induia 2. . . Yellow . 6, H. B. I Pyrenees 1818 

integrlfWia . YcUow . 8, H. B. } 8. Eur. . 1711 

lan&ta . . . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. I S Eur. . 1732 
nigricans . . Y^ellow . 8, H. A. J Barbary . 1804 

pinnatffida . Yellow . 7, G. B. I Madeira . 1778 

ragusina . . Yellow . 8, G. Her. P. \ ArchipeL 1753 
runciu&to . . Yellow . 7, H. B. i 8. Eur. . 1711 

Aneil&ma, B. Br&ion. The involucrum is want- 
ing; hence the name from a, without, and 
eilemaf involucrum. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
ComTnelyndeecB. Interesting species; for cul- 
ture, &c., see Commelpna. 
acumln&ta .' Blue. . 8, S. £v. Cr. 1 X. HolL 
fequinoctiidisBlue. . 7, S. Ev. Tr. 1| Guinea 
■ ~ .8, G.Ev. Cr. 1 N. HoU. 

. 7, 8. Hor.P. 8 
. 8, G.Ev. Tr. 1 
. 7, G. Her. P. 2 
.7, 8. Her. P. 2 
. 7, 8. Ev. Tr. 1 
. 7, G. BL Tr. 1 
. 7, S. Ev. Tr. 1 
. Pur.blu. 6, G.Her.P. 1 
. Blue. .7, G.Ev. Cr. 



affmls . 
amblgua . 
bifldra. . 
crispiita . 
lonffif&lia. 
nudicatiliii 
nudifldra . 
serrulikta. 
Binica . . 
Mpir&ta 



Blue. 
. Blue. 
. Blue. 
. Blue. 
. Blue. 
. Blue. 
. Blue. 
.Blue. 



1822 
1820 
1820 
1822 
1820 
1822 



S. Leone 
N. HoU. , 
X. HoU. 
MozambL 1825 
E. Ind. . 1818 
E. Ind. . 1824 
Trinidad 1824 
China . 1820 
I E. Ind. . 1783 

ANEfMiA, SivarU. Named in allusion to the 
naked inflorescence, from andmrni, nak^. 
Linn, 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodidcece. Or- 
namental species of ferns, succeeding well in 
open loamy soil, and increased by dividing the 
roots, or by seeds. Synonymes : 1, Eaddidna; 
2, OsmUnda humilis; 3, 0. PhillUidis. 
adiantil&Ua . Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 3 W. Ind. . 1703 
coccfnea . . Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 3 . 1830 

coUlna . . Brown . 8, 8. Her. P. 2 BnuU . 1829 
flexubsa 1 . Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 8 8. Amer. 1881 
fraxinifdlU . Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil . . 1828 
hlrshta . . Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 3 Jamaica . 1704 
hlrta . . . Bro. yeL 7, S. Her. P. \\ W. Ind . 1824 
htunUis 2 . Brown . 7, a Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1823 
laclnUta . Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1794 
lanceolikta . Brown . 8. 8. Her. P. 3 W. Ind. . 1820 
longifdliA . Brown . 8, 8. Her. P. 8 BfazU. . 18S1 



PhiUItidis 3 Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 8 Trinidad. 1830 

riKdicans . . Bro. yeL 5, 8. Her. P. S Brazil. . 1831 

ripens . .Brown . 5, 8. Her. P. 1 BrazU. .1831 

ton.Slla . . Brown . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1848 

Anemia. See AnemiGpsis, 

ANEMiDfcTYON, Smith. Aneitnan, naked, and 
diktyon, a net. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodidcece. See Andmia. 

Anemi6fsis, Hooker. Named in allusion to the 
appearance of the inflorescence, from ancimon, 
naked, and opsis, appearance. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. SaururAcece. A genus of plants grow- 
ing in marshes and pools of water in North 
America, China, and North of India. They 
require similar treatment to Calla cethibpica, 
Synonyme : 1, Antniia ealifdmica. 
caUf6raica 1 W. rod. gr. 6, H. Tu. P. | CaUfomia 1861 

Anem6ke, Linn. Many of the species inhabit 
elevated windy places ; hence the name, from 
anemos, the wind. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
JRaniinculdcca. Very show^ free-flowering 
species, succeeding best in light loamy soiL 
They increase variously, from divisions, offsets, 
or seeds, and the greenhouse species may be 
propagated from cuttings in light loam under a 
•glass. Synanymes : 1, A. ocJiot6nsis ; 2, A. 
fra^Jtra; 3, CUmatis capinsis j 4, A. tenilla; 
6, A. sfelldUa^ versicolor; 6, A. alplna; 7, A. 
cunei/dlia; 8, A. horUnsiSt pavbnia ; 9, A. 
apiifblia; 10, .4. muUiJida Hudsonidna; 11, 
A. ranunculoides ; 12, CUnuUisjaptnica, Atra- 
ghie jap6nica; 13, A. Lvdovicidna, CUmatis 
hirstUlssima ; 14, J. Pulsatilla rubra^ A. pra- 
thisis intermedia. Sec Hepdtka and Tftalic- 
trum^ 



acutip^tala . 
tflbal . . . 
alb&na . . . 
alplna . . . 
apennlna . . 
bald^nsis 2 . 
cscrtilea . . 
cap^ifl 3 . . 
caroliniiina 4 . 
c&nua . . . 
coron&ria . . 

pitea . . . 
dahtirica . . 
deltoldea . . 
dich6toma . 
FinchOTlJkua . 
Goveni&ua 
Hfllori . . . 
horttosis 5 

minijita . . 

Hudson!- ) 

&nalO . / 

Jap6nica 12 . 

h^brida . . 
lancifMia . . 
longiscdpa . 
micri[ntna 6. 
mont&nal4 . 
multtfida . . 
narci8aifl6ra . 
nemor&ea . . 

c»rillea . . 

fl6re-pl^o . 
NuttalUAnalS 
obsolHa . . 
obtusif&lia . 
obtu8U6ba. . 
palmAta . . 

fldre-tflbido . 

fl6re-fl&T0 . 

fl^re-pteno 



Blue . 
White . 
White . 
White. 
Blue . 
White . 
Blue . 
Purple. 
White . 
Bodw. 
Striped 
Striped 
Flesh . 
White . 
Redw. 
White . 
White . 
Purple. 
Striped 
Red. . 

White . 

Rose . 
Rose . 
White . 
White . 
W. pur. 
Purple . 
White. 
White . 
W.red. 
Lt. blue 
W.red. 
White . 
Purple. 
White . 
White . 
Yellow 
Whtsh. 
TeUow 
YeUow 



6, H. Her. P. 
6, U. Her. P. 
&, H. Her. P. 
H. IJcr. P. 
4, H.Tu. P. 
6, H.Tu. P. 
6, H.Tu. P. 
4, G. Her. P. 
6, H.l\i. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 
C, H. Tu. P. 

4, H.Tu. P. 

5, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

5, H. Her. P. 
4, H.Tu. P. 

H. Her. P. 
4, H. Her. P. 
4, H.Tu. P. 
6,H.Tu. P. 

4, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
4, H. Tu. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
«, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

4, H. Tu. P. 

5, H.Tu. P. 
4, H.TU. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 
6, JH. Her. P. 
6, H. Tu. P. 
6, H.Tu. P. 
6, H. Tu. P. 
6,H.Tu. P. 



1806 
1696 



. 1819 



i Switzerl. 1819 
\ Siberia . 1820 
X Caucasus 1821 
I Austria . 1658 

! England, hUls 
Switccrl. 1792 
Siberia . 1826 
1 C. G. H. . 1795 

ICan)liua. 1824 
Japan 
Levant 
Gardenn 
Dahuria 
i Columbia 1827 

1 N. Amer. 1768 
i Siberia . 1827 
; Nepal . . 1844 

SwitzerL 1816 
- Italy . . 1597 
; r Gardens . 

I N. Amer. 1827 

2 Japan .1844 
4 Hybrid . 

i N. Amer. 1822 
1 N. India . 1839 

\ Austria . 1800 
1 SwitaerL 1830 

\ MageUan 1824 
1 Siberia . 1778 

4 Britain, woods 

J Garden var. 

\ Britain, woods 
1 N. Amer. 1827 
r Germany 
r Himalaya 1844 

; Himalaya 1842 

; Portugal 1697 

; Portugal 
' Portugal 1597 

; : S. Europe 



ANE 



35 



ANG 



parviflbrar . 
p&tens . . . 

ochrolctica . 
pavonlna . . 

fl6re-pltoo . 

ftklgens 8 
ponnsylv^b^ica 
pratdnsis . . 
Piilaatllla . . 

flbida. . . 

rdbra . . . 
quinquefblia . 
rantmculoldes 
refldxa . 
Richard- \ 

s^nUll . ) 
rivuIilrU . . 
Bibirica . . . 
stell&ta. . . 

piirptiroa 
8mphtirea9 . 
sylv^tris . . 
trifftUa . . . 
umbell&ta . . 
iiral^nsis . . 
vemlUia . . 

fldre-Ititeo . 
▼irgiuiAna 

graodifltoi . 
▼itifdlia . . 



White . 5, 
Lt. yol. 6, 
Cream. 4, 
Red. . 4. 
Red. . 6, 
Red. ..:, 
White . 6, 
Dk pur. 5, 
Violet . 5, 
Whteh. 4, 
Redpii. 5. 
White . 4, 
Yellow 4, 
YeUow 4, 



H.Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Her.P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
HTu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 



N. Amer. 1824 
Blbena . 1752 
Siberia . 1752 
Franco . 
Europe . 
S. Europe 1818 

li N. Amer. 176« 
\ Germany 1731 

1 EngL eh. pa. 

1 Germany 1834 

1 Germany 1834 

!N. Amer. 1817 
Engl, woods 
Siberia .1818 



Yellow 6. H. Her. P. | N. Amer. 1827 



White .6, 
White . 6, 
White . 6, 
Purple. 5, 
Sulphurs, 
White . 6, 
White . 4, 
Blue . 6, 
Blue . 5, 
White . 4, 
YcUow 4, 
White . 6, 
White . 6, 
White . 7, 



H, Her. P. 
H.Her.P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H- Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Uer.P. 
H. Her. P. 
F. Her. P. 



1340 
1804 
1597 
W97 
1816 



li N. India 
Siberia 
Italy . 
> Italy . 
r Europe 
Germany 1596 
France . 1597 
Levant . 18*24 
Siberia . 1824 

1' Bwitrerl. 1752 

1 S. Europe 

i N. Amer. 1772 
I Gardens . 

2 Nepal. .1829 



AivkrHUM, Zinn. Named in aUusion to tho 
quick growth ; from ano, upwards, and theot 
to run. Linn. 5, Or. 2, iJ^at. Or. Api&cece. 
Useful species, succeeding in any common soil, 
and inci*eased plentifully from seeds. The 
seed is used in the manufacture of gin, and in 
medicine as a carminative. Synonyme : 1, 
Mhnn Fcentculum. 

Foenfculum 1 Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 6 England, oh. pa. 

dtUco . . . YeUow 8, H. Her. P. 4 Italy . . 
gravedlena . Yellow 7, H. B. 3 Spain . . 1570 

giper&tum . Yellow 7, H. ' B. 1 Italy . . 1824 
bwa . . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 E. Ind. . . 1810 

sigetum. 
Anfractuous, full of turning and winding 



Angelica, Linn, Named after its supposed 
angelic virtues. Zmn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apidceee. Plants of the simplest culture, 

frowiDg in any common soil, and increased 
y division and seeds. See Archangdica^ Cni- 
dium, OsUrieum, and Sellnum. Synonyrnea: 
1, Imperat&ria pcUiistris; 2, /. verticilldris — 
flavdscens, liicida, prat6nsis 1, Razoiilii, sylvds- 
tris, triquinkta, verticillkris 2. 

Ano£lica-tree. See ArdUia spindsa. 

Ano£l6nia, Kunih. From angeUm, its name 
in the Caraccas. Linn, 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Scrophularictcece. Elegant flowering plants, 
thriving in light rich soil or turfy loam and 
peat, carefully watered. Cuttings planted in 
the same kind of soil, under a glass, root freely 
if a little air is occasionally admitted to them. 
Synonyme: 1, A. cUiCUa. 

anguotifblia . Dk. vio. 6. & Her. P. 1| Mexico . 1840 
comlgara 1 . Purple . 8, S. A. 1 Bnuii. . 1839 

florib<inda . Purple . 8. Her. P. 1 
GaitlnW . . W. pur. 6, 8. Her. P. 3 Pemamb. 1838 
gntntlifldra . 8. Her. P. 1 

miniita . . Red . , a Her. P. 1 
proclimbens . Purple . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 
sallcariief&lia Lt. blue 8, 8. Her. P. 8 
apecibsa . . Blu pur. 8, S. Her. P. 1 

AnoiInthus, Wendland, Compounded from 
aggos^ vessel, and anthos, a flower. Zrtnw. 19, 



Bnudl. . 

8. Amer. . 1818 

Brazil. . 1839 



Or. 5, Nat. Or. AsterdceoB, An ornamental 
species ; for culture, &c., see Cassinia, Sywh 
nyme : 1, Cassinia aUrea, 
ahreuB 1 . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1803 

Angi6fteris, Hoffm. Aggcion, a vessel, and 
pteron, a wiug. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
I>an(B<jM:€B. 



evScta . 



. BriL yd. 4, 8. Her. P. 10 L Luzon. 



ANGiORfDiUM, Qreville. Derived from aggeion, 
a vessel, and eidoa^ like. Linn. 24, Or. 0, 
Nat. Or. LycoperddeecB. A minute production, 
found upon dead sticks and other decomposing 
yegetabtes in autumn. Synonyme : 1, keticu- 
Idria sinOosa — sinudsum. 

Ako<3phora, CavanilUs. In allusion to the 
make of tJie fruit ; from aggos, a vessel, and 
pherOy to bear. lAnn. 12, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Myrldcece. Ornamental species ; for culture, 
&c., see Metrosidiros. Synonymes: 1, MetrO' 
sid&os Jiispidus ; 2, M. cosiatus. 

oordUdlia 1 . YeUow 8, G. Ev. 8. 10 N. HolL . 1780 
lancooUkta 2 . YeUow 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoU. . 181« 

Angostura bark. See Cuapdria febrifUga. 
Synonyme : Qallpca Cuspdria, and Bonpldndia 
trifoiaua. 

ANGRikcuM, Thouars. Altered from angurek, 
the Malayan name of such plants. Li7tn. 20, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddceoi. A genus of fine 
Orchids, requiring similar treatment to Vanda. 
Synonymes: 1, £pid4ndrumfundde, Limoddrum 
fundle, (Eceoclddes fundlis; 2, Orchis mauri- 
tidna, Acrdbium gladiifblium. See GrammaUh 
phpllum, (Eceoclddes, and Phalam6psis, 



apiculiltum . 

arcu&tum 

armenlacum 

aahant^nse . 

bil6bum . . 

brevifbUvun . 

caudiltum . 

caul^ecens 

clandeetlnum 

distichum 

eb(inieum 

vlrena . . 
faldktum . . 
fun^lo 1 . . 
glabrlf51ium 

gladiif6Uum 2 . White 
orb&ceum . . Wliito 



White 0, 8. EpL 
White 7, 8. EpL 
Apricot 6, S. EpL 
Cinn. . 6, 8. EpL 

9, 8. Epi. I CapeCooat 1841 

9,8. EpL BraaU 



White 
White 
W. gn. 
Gn. w. 
White 
White 
White 
Gn. w. 



1 r 8. Leone 
, C. G. H. 
I r 8. Leone 
; Aahantee 



1844 
1850 
1838 
1843 



8, S. EpL 1 8. Leone 

9, 8. EpL 1 India . 
0, 8. ^ 11 S. Leone 

18,1 



1840 
1834 



1834 
1834 
1826 



9, 8. EpL 1 8. Leone . 

1, S. EpL Madagos. . 
8. EpL 1^ Serompore 

White 10, 8. EpL I China . . 1815 
Gn. w. 10, S. EpL 1 W. Ind. . 1844 
White 8, 8. EpL I. Bourbon 

2, 8. EpL 1 Mauritius 1838 
5, 8. Epi. Mauritius 1834 



Brown 9, S. EpL 1^ S. Leone . 1822 
Pink . 8, S. EpL 1 Africa . . 1819 
White 10, 8. EpL I S. Leone 



Ihridum 

mocuUitum . 

micrtothum 

mdnodon . . . Pink . 6, 8. EpL 

odorattwrimum . Pa. pk. 10, S. EpL 

omlthorh^- I White 10, 8. EpL 



chum . . ) 
pellhcidum . . White 11, 8. EpL 
perthaum . . White lo, S. EpL 
pescatoretoum. White 6, 8. EpL 
polysttfchyum . ~ — . 

aeaquipedKlo . Gn. w. 
tftiue 



Africa . 



Bnudl 



.1840 



teretif&Uum 
Teaiclltum 
vlrena . . 
virid^iccnB 



.White 
.White 
.White 



8. Leone . 1842 

8. Leone . 18SG 

Bourbon . 1850 

8. EpL " Peru . . 1840 

2, 8. EpL 2 Madagaa. . 18^7 

8. EpL Para . . 1840 

6, 8. EpL 1 8. Leone . 

9, 8. EpL i Aahantee . 1844 

6, 8. EpL I Serampore 1849 

8. EpL 



AnquiliJLriAi R. Brown. Named in allusion 
to tho twisted seed ; from anguilla, an eel. 
Linn. 6, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Melanthdcece^ In- 
teresting dwarf species, growing well in sandy 
peat, and are multiplied from offsets. 

D 2 



ANG 



36 



ANO 



Wfflandiildea . Purple . 6, F. Her. P. i N. Holl. . 1826 
diolca . . . Piirplo . 6, F. Hor. P. J N. S. W. .1826 
Indica . . . Dk, pur. C, P. Her. P. J Tnuiquob. 1818 

ANOUfNBA, signifying a snake. 

ANQuivi. See Solanum Anguivi, or Madagascar 
potato. 

Angular, forming angles. 

Angularly-toothed, toothed so as to form 
angles. 

Angulate, cornered, having sharp angles. 

An6Ul6a, Ruiz, and Pavon, Dedicated to Don 
Francisco dc Angulo, Directoi^Gencral of the 
Mines of Peru, and greatly attached to botani- 
cal ]mr8uits. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchid&ce(B. Fine plants, with large showy 
flowers ; they thrive with similar treatment to 
MaxUldriOy Lycdste^ Ac. 

ClowitsU . . Tellow . 3, H. Epl. 1} Columbia 1842 
fl&va . . . Yellow . 6, S. EpL H Columbia 1845 

- RAckeri . . Yol. crim. 4, H. Epi. li Columbia 1845 

Bongulnea . Crim. br. 4, 8. Epi. U Columbia 1848 

flquiOida. . . Flesh col. 4, S. EpL U Peru . . 1S46 

imifl6ra . . . White. . 4, 8. Epi. l} Peru . . 1844 

r6flea . . . Bow . . 4, S. Epi. 1 Columbia 1843 

ANotTRiA, Linn. A Grecian name for the 
cucumber. Linn. 21, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cucur- 
hitaceoR. Interesting species of the easiest 
culture. Sec also CucHmis Angaria. 

MakoyAna . . Gmsh. 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 S. Amer. . 1847 
pediLta . . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. CL 12 8. Amer. . 1820 
trifoUAta . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. CI. 20 8t Domln. 
trlloWLta . . Pmk . 7, 8. Ev, CI. 20 Carthxige . 1703 
umbr6Ba . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. CL 18 8. Amer. . 1827 

- WarECOwlcrll . Scarlet 6, 8. Ev. CL 12 

Angus oat. See Avhia saClva, 

Ania, Lindley. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidctcea;. Singular plants, from Ceylon, 
with green flowers, having a bright ycUow lip. 
Synonyme: 1, Caldnihe viridifdsca. 

bicdmifl . . . Gn. veL 8, 8. Epi. J Ceylon . 1842 
latif61ia 1 . . Gn. br. 6, 8. Ter. If Asaam . 1850 

AnictAnqium, Htdwig, Compounded from 
anoiklos, oi>en, and cufgeion, a vase ; referring 
to the open nature of the theca. Linn. 24, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. BrydoecR. Small mosses, 
found in small depressed tufts in summer on 
rocks, &c. Synonym^s: I, OyrriMstmnum cilid- 
turn; 2, 0. t»i-6^6e. — ciliktum I, imb^rbe 2, 
striatum, 3. svhincanu7n^ a. unlcolor, 

Anigosjlnthus, Lahill. Named in allusion to 
the long conspicuous scapes upon which the 
llowen) are raised. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
HcemodordLCcce. Interesting species, succeeding 
in sandy peat, well watered, and increased by 
dividing the roots. Synonyine : 1, Sdiwagri- 
ehhiiafldtmda. 

coccfneuB . . Crimson 7, O. Her. P. 6 Swan H. . 1887 
flividus 1 . . Yellow . 7, O. Her. P. 8 N. HolL . 1808 

blcolor . . Soar. gn. 6. F. Her. P. S Swan R. . 1837 
ftiliginbeus . YeUow . 6, G. Hor. P. 3 Australia 1844 
hhmilis. . . Brown . F. Her. P. S SwanR.. 
Hanglfesil . . Green . 5, G. Her. P. 3 Swan R. . 1838 

auffustifbliua Gn. red . 7, G. Her. P. 3 N. Holl. . 1836 
pulch^rrimua YcL w. . G. Her. P. 8 Swan R. . 1840 
ritfuB . . . RufouB . 6, G. Her. P. 8 N. HoU. . 1824 
tyriitnthua . Lemon . 5, O. Her. P. 3 Swan R. . 1849 

Anil. See Indigdfera Anil. 
Anikal oat. See Avina sUrilis, 
Animal resin. See Bymendea Courbaril. 
ANiSAOANTnA, M, Brown. Derived from anisoa, 



unequal, and akanlka, a spine. Linn. 4, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. OJienopodidcecB. A very curious 
species, of easy culture, 
divaric&ta . . . O. Ev. & 2 N. HoU. . 1824 

AnisXnthus, Willdenow, Named from anisos, 
unequal, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 18, Or. 
1, Nat Or. IriddceoR. Ornamental bulbous- 
rooted plants ; for culture, &c., see Anihdlpza. 
Synonymes: 1, AnOiolpza Cundnia, GlcuRolus 
Cundnia; 2, O. quadranguldi-is, G. abbrevidtus. 
Cunbnia 1 . . . Scarlet 6, G. BL P. 2 C. G. H. 1756 
quadranguUkria 2 YcUow 4, G. BL P. 2 C. G. H. 1700 
epltfndens . . . Scarlet 0, G. BL P. 1^ C. G. H. 1828 

Anise. See Trdgium Anisum. 

Aniseed-tree, see lUicium. 

Anis^la, £>s. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Convol- 
vulAcecB. See Ipamdsa. 

Anise-treb. See Illieium rdigibsum. 

ANisocniLUS, Wallich. Derived from anisos^ 
imequal, and eheilos, a lip. Linn. 14, Or. 1, \ 
Nat. Or. Lamiacece. Omam^ental 8i>ecies ; for 
culture, &c., see Lavdndula. The juice, mixed 
with powdered sugar-candy, is prescribed in 
India in cynancho. Synonyme: 1, LavdndiUa 
cambsa. 
camdaus . . . Lilac . 8, 8. Her. P. \\ K Ind. . 1778 

ANfsoDUS, Link. Named iu allusion to the 
unequal divisions of the calyx ; from anisos^ 
unequal, and odmis^ a tooth. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Solandcece. Synonymes : 1, Nicdndra 
andmala; 2, WhiUhja slramonifblia. 

Ihridus 1 . . . Lurid . 9, H. Her. P. 3 Nepal . 18i4 
8tramonii511uB 2 YcL gn. 0, H. Her. P. 4 Nopal . 1824 

Anis<5m£LES, It B'foyjn. Named from anisoa^ 
unequal, and meloa, a member. Linn. 14, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. LamidceoB. Ornamental species ; 
for culture, &c., see Nipeta. Synonymes: 1, 
Ajiiga farcdta ; 2, Nipeta nialahdrica. 
furdLta 1 . . Blue . 8, G. Ev. 8. \ Nepal. . 1824 
malab^ca 2 . Violet . 8, 8. Ev. 8. ll E. Ind. . 1823 
moechJlLta . . Puiple 8, 8. Ev. 8. I N. HoU. . 1824 
ovau .... Pink . 8, 8. A. l{ E. Ind. . 1823 

Anisop^aluu, Hooker. Derived from a with- 
out, iaos equal, and petahn, a petal, on account 
of the inequality of the petals. Linn. 20, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. OrchidacecB. Small plants, growing 
only a few inches high, and requiring similar 
treatment to Dendrobium. 
Careyiuium . Bm. pur. 8, 8. EpL | Nepal . . 1829 

Annesl^a, Wall. Named iu honour of George 
Annesley, Loi"d Mountmorris, a traveller in N. 
Africa. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ternstrw" 
midicece. The only species known is a tree 
bearing very fragrant flowers, and easily cul- 
tivated in loam and heath mould. Ripened 
cuttings strike root in sand if plunged iu heat. 
£r&grans . . Pale yeL 1, 8. Ev. T. 30 £. Ind. . 

AnnesorhIza, De Candolle. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Apidu>'ai. — cap^nsis. 

Annular, circular, producing a ring or circle. 

Annulations, rings or circles. 

An6da, Cavanilles. Named in reference to the 
impervious capsule cells; from anodost signi- 
fying impervious. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat Or. 
ifalvdcece. Uninteresting species ; for culture, 
&c,, Bee Sida, Synonymes: 1, l^da hctstdla; 



ANO 



37 



ANS 



2, S, erisUUa ; 8, 8, crenatifibra ; 4, S. delUMes; 
5, 8. (Ti8<d/a. — aoerifdlia 1, DiUdni^na 2, bas- 
tita, incarn^ta, parrifl^ra 3, triangularis 4, 
trildba5. 

Anod6ntea, De CandoUe. Fropi a, destitute, 
and odotUos, of a tooth, alluding to the stamens. 
Idnn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. BrassicdcciB. Or- 
namental species ; for culture, &c., see il/^^»m. 
Synonymes: 1, Alpssum dasycdrpum; 2, il/. 
ecUiUulum; 8, -4^. haJimifblium ; 4, i4Z. ma- 
crocArpum; 6, -4Z. rupdatrc; 6, ilZ. jpindntm. 
dAsyc&rpa 1 . Tellow 7, H. A. 1 Biborta . 1819 

macrocixpa 4 . White 6, F. Et. S. 1 France . 182} 
obovaU . . .ToUow6, H. Her. F. i 1880 

epindea 6 . . White 6, F. Ev. 8. I 8. Eur. . 1083 
edttUula 2, Tialimifblia 8, rupistris 5. 

AN(ECOCBh<us. See AncedochXlus. 

ANiECTOCHiLUS, BluTM. Supposcd to be from 
anoiktos, open, and chtilas, a lip ; in allusion 
to the spreading apex of that organ. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchiddcea. These are 
very interesting little plants, with rather in- 
eonspicaoos flowers, ana very handsome leaves, 
which are admirably and singularly painted 
with transverse yellowish lines upon a rich 
brown-purple ground. They refjuire the same 
treatment as other East Indian terrestrial 
orchids. 8ynonyme8: 1, Pkyaiinu arg^nUits, 
A. BosMrghii; 2. A. UUiTnaculdtus ; 8, Chry- 
scMphus JtoxbCrghii, 
fibo-margin&tuflWhito . 6, S. 
Krg6ntm2B I . . White . 6, 8. 
intermMlus . Wliite . 0, a 
LobbUkQUs 2 . White . 6, 8. 
metioma . . . Wht gn. 6, & 
inom&tuB S . White . 6, 8. 
staUtua . . . White . 6, a 

Akomath^ca, Ker, NJRmed from anomos, sin- 
gular, and theea, a capsule. Linn, 3, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. JriddeecB, Very interesting free- 
flowering species, succeeding in common soil, 
and multiplied plentifully from seeds. A, 
cruinta makes a pretty show when planted in 
a bed by itself in the flower-garden, where its 
neat blossoms are produced in abimdanco. 
cruAita . . . Blood . 7, F. Bl. P. \ C. Q. H. . 1880 
jftncea . . . Lilac . fi, O. Bl. P. i C. G. H. . 17OT 

Anomochl6a, Hooker. Named from anomos, 
irregular, and chloos, green. An ornamental 
grass, its habit of growth not unlike the Ma- 
rdntti, of very easy culture, and increased by 
division. Linn^ 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Grami- 

fUtCHE. 

marantoldca . O. yel. . 6, 8. Grass 1| Bradl . 1861 
ANdMODON, Hooker. Compounded from ano- 
mos^ irregular, and odous, a tooth ; in allusion 
to the singular nature of the peristome. Linn, 
24, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Brydccce. ITie ]plants have 
dark, blackish green, long cylindncal, strag- 
gling stems, and are found on the wilds of 
Dartmoor. Synonymes : 1, N^era curlip^n- 
dula; 2, Hppnum i?ft?c«WsMm.— enrtip^ndu- 
lum 1, viticuldsum 2. 
An6na, Adanaon. From Menona, its Banda 
name. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat Or. AwmAcece, 
An interesting genus, comprising for the most 
part fruit-bearing plants, preferring a moist 
heat and rich loamy soil, well watered. Ki- 



Ter. I E. Ind. . 
EpL } K Ind. . 1846 
Tor. i Java . 
Ter. ± Java 
Ter. ^ Java . 1836 
Ter. I E. Ind. . 1850 
Ter. 1 Java 



pencd cuttings planted in sand, under a glass, 
root readily ; and fresh seed obtained from the 
tropics, sown in pots, and plunged in a strong 
hotbed, will speedily furnish good plants. The 
fruit is a pretty berry of a sub-acid taste, often 
as large as on orange, but in general more like 
a plum. A, Cherimblia produces a succulent 
fruit of a dark purple colour, containing a soft 
sweet mucilage, and is much esteemed by the 
Peruvians. A. reticulata yields a yellowish, 
sometimes reddish, fruit, of the consistence of 
custard, and is much esteemed by some people. 
A. paULstris bears a large, smooth, heart- 
shaped, sweet-scented fruit, of an agreeable 
taste, but is a strong narcotic ; the wood of 
this plant is so remarKablo for its sod spongy 
nature, as to be employed in Brazil as a sub- 
stitute for corks. Synonynu: 1, A. tripitala. 
See Asimina and Monoddra. 

amplexicahlis T. gn. .0, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Maurii . 18S4 
osiitica . . . T. gn. . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 12 ^aia . . 1816 
Cherimdlla 1 . Brown . 8, 8. Ev. T. 18 8. Amer. . 1739 
cintfrea . . . Y. gn. . 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1818 
gWbra . . . Brown . 8, 8. Ev. T. 10 Carolina . 1774 
Luriftlia . . Brown . 6, 8. Ev. T. 10 W. Ind. . 1778 
longifdUa . . T. gn. . 7. 8. Ev. T. 20 Guiana . 1820 
moxlcJOa . . T. gn. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Mexico . 1823 
mucdea . . . 1. gn. . 7, & Ev. 8. 20 R Ind. .1820 
muricita . . G. yel. . 6. 8. Ev. T. 15 W. Ind. . 1656 
obtualfMia . . Y. gn. . 8, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1810 
paladdoa . . Green. . ff, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Guiana . 1803 
palflBtrls . . YoUow. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1731 
punct&ta . . Y. gn. . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Trinidad . 1818 
reticul4ta . . W. gn. . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Amer. . 1690 
Bonegaldnsifl . Y. gn. . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Guinea . 1824 
squamdea . . W. gn. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 20 8. Amer. . 1731 

AkonAce^ an order of ornamental trees and 
shrubs. The produce of some, as the Custard 
Apple, Cherimoyer, &c., are esteemed excellent 
dessert fruit. 

An^nymos. SeeZomia. 

An6pteris, Bp. Derived from ano, upwards, 
and ptcron, a wing ; winged seeds. Ltnn. 10, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bscallonidcea. Only one 
species has been introduced — a very fine green- 
house shrub, with large handsome leaves. It 
is easily grown in loam and peat, and increased 
by cuttings, 
gbndul&sufl . White . 2, G. Ev. 8. 20 V. D. L. . 1823 

An5tis, He CandoUe. From o, privative, and 
0M5, an ear ; teeth to calyx. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. CinchondeecB. A pretty little plant, 
which will flower from June to September in 
the open border or on rockwork, for which it 
is remarkably well adapted. It requires the 
protection of a frame or greenhouse during 
winter, and may be increased by dividing the 
roots. Synonymes: 1, HedyUia cUiolbaa, 
Houstdnia cilioldsa. 
ciliol58a 1 . Fa. lilac . 7, F. Her. P. ^ N. Amer. . 183S 

Anred&ra, Jnss. Derivation of name unknown. 
Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. BaaelldcecB. A plant 
of easy culture in any common soil, and in- 
creased by division. Stjnonymes: 1, Basilla 
vcsiedria, Poljfgonum acdndens. 
spic^ta 1 . . Blnah . 7, 8. Her. CL 12 Cuba . 1741 

Ans^llla, LindUy. Named in honour of Mr. 
Ansell, a young collector, who, when ill at 
Fernando Po, from the effects of the Niger 



ANS 



38 



ANT 



.hiUs 
.mts. 
. mea 
. 1759 



Expedition, found the plant on which the 
genus is fonnded growing on the stems of the 
Oil Palm (Eldis guine^nsis). Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchiddceas. "A noble Orchid, with 
flowers somewhat the colour and appearance of 
a large Cymbid, but far more showy. It roots 
freely in turfy heath -mould, and requires an 
ample supply of water during the growing 
season. In winter a season of rest is necessary, 
when little or no water should be given, a 
damp atmosphere being sufficient for all the 
requirements of the plant." — £ot, Reg, 30. 
. Synonyme: 1, A. gigdnUa. 

afHctoa . . Br. gn. yel. 2, S. EpL S Femo. Po . 1844 
natal^nsia 1 Br. gn. yeL 2, S. EpL 2 Femo. Po. 

ANSERiNA. See PoUntilla AnseHna, 

Anbbrinous, relating to geese. 

Antarctic Evergreen beech. See Fdgus antarc- 
tiea. 

AftenkAria, 21, BrowTL In reference to the 
down of the pappus, which is like the an- 
tennie of some insects. Linn, 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. AsterdeecB, Mostly interesting species ; 
for culture. &c., see Onaphdlium, Synotiymes : 
1, CfnapTidlium alphium; 2, A, didica hyper- 
hired. 

olplna . . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. I Alp. Eur. . 1775 
carplltica 1 . Fink . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Carp. Mo. 1775 
cont6rta . . White 7, F. Her. P. 2 Kepal . . 1821 
diolca . . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. ^ Britain 
hyperWrea 2 Whtah.6, H. Ev. Cr. | I. Skye 
margaritAcea White 7, H. Her. P. l| England 

Sintaglnoa . White 7, H. Her. P. 1 Virginia 
plin^rrifl . White 8, F. Her. P. i Nepal . . 1S23 
unduliUa, obtusifhlia. 
Anterior, growing in front of anything. 
Anteuph6rbium. See Caealia Anteupkbrhium. 
Anth^lmia. See Spiailia Anihilmia, 
Anthelmintic, capable of killing worms. 
Anthemis, Linn, In allusion to the great pro- 
duction of flowers ; from antJumon, a flower. 
Linn, 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsteraccoB, These 
species are more useful than ornamental, and 
may be grown in common soil, and increased 
firom seed. A, n6bilis is a very useful herb, 
and is employed medicinally as a tonic car- 
minative anodyne, and when taken in large 
doses it proves a powerful emetic. Synonymes: 
1, A, maritima ; 2, A. saxdtilis ; 3, A. pere- 
grina : 4, A. incrassdla; 6, Pyi'Ukrum orien- 
tdle; 6, A, p6rrigens. See Anacpclus and Clad- 
dnUius. 

. White. 7, H. Her. P. { Austria 

. White. 7, H. A. 6 8. Eur. 

. White. 7, G. Her. P. 2 China . 

. White. 8, H. A. 1 Austria 

. White. 8, H. De Tr. 1 Italy . 

.White.6, H. Her. P. J Carpat 
ChamomHIa White. 7, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. 
Chla . . . White. 6, H. A. IJ Chic . 

oorunopifdUa White. 5, H. Her. P. 1 Spain 
C6t* . . .White. 4, H. A. " 

disooldea . Yellow 6, H. A. 

fiOlax . .Whit-e.7, H. A. 

fruticulbea . White. 8, H. Her. P. 

. White. 7, H. A. 

.White. 7, O. Her. P. 

. White. 7, H. Her. P. 

. White. 8, H. Her. P. 

. White. 7, H. Her. P. 
KitaibUU 2 . White. 6, H. Her. P. 
maritima . White. 7, H. A. 

Maraballi&na Tellow 7, H. Her. P. 



alplna 

altlBsima. 

apUfbUa . 

austriaca. 

BarreliM 

carptftica 



fuflc&ta 
gloh^sa 
gnmdifldra . 
fb^ca 
incram&ta 



1 Italy . 
1 Italy . 

1( Caucflfl. 
1 Portugal 

8. Eur. 

8. Eur. 

Iberia. 

France 

Hungary . 182S 

Mediter . 1800 

Caucas . 181(} 



.1824 
. 1781 
. 1819 
. 1759 
. 18-25 
. 1820 
. 1807 
. 1731 
. 1818 
. 1714 
. 1800 
. 1825 
. 1820 
. 1805 
. 1570 
1825 
1820 
1818 



melampMla. White. 8, H. Her. P. 1 Egypt . . 1819 

. 1759 
. 1836 



mixta 
montjlna . 
mucronu- 

Uta6 
nbbUis 

fl^re-pl^o 
petrdba . . 
pub^scens 
punctiLta . 
Pyrfethrum 
rigfiscens 



. White. 8, H. A. 1 France 
. Purple 7, H. Her. P. i Italy 

} White. 7, H. An, 1 Italy 



. White . 8, H. Ev. Cr. i Britain, past. 
White. 8, H. Ev. Cr. 1 Britain, gdns. 
Whito.7, H, De.Tr. 1 Italy . .1826 
White. 7, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. . 
White. 8, G. Ev. ft 1 Barbary. 1818 
White. 6, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. . 1570 
White. 8, H. Her. P. 1 Caucaa. . 1805 
RudoIphi&na5 Tellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucas. . 1824 
ruth<fnica . . White. 6» H. A. U Tauria . 1823 

saxdtilis . . White. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Hngry. . 1807 
tinctdria . . YeUow 6, H. Her, P. \\ Britain rocks 
tomentdsa . White . 7, H. Her. P. \ Levant . 1795 
TriumMtti . Pa. yeL 8, H. B. 1 8wita. . 1819 

dnglical, arvHsis, ardbica, CotiUa, nicoUnsisZf 
peduneaWa 4, peregrina^ racemdsa, retasa, 
secandirdmea, 

Anth^fhora, Schreher. Compounded from 
atUhoSf a flower, and phoreo, to bear. Linn. 
8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oraminiicea, An interest- 
ing species of grass, of easy culture. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Tripsacum hermaphrodXtumy Cfn- 
chrus Icevigdtus, 
^gans 1 . . Apetal . 8, Grass. 2 Jamaica . . 1776 

ANTHiRiciTM, Linn, Applied by the Greeks to 
the stem of the asphodel. Linn, 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Lifidcea. This interesting genus 
comprises some very beautiful species, and 
all may be grown in a mixture of loam and 
poat, with the addition of a little sand. 
The shrubby species propagate readily from 
cuttings ; and from the bulbous kinds, ofl*sets 
may be obtained. Most of them perfect seed. 
None of the species will thrive if over- watered, 
and the bulbous kinds should not have any 
water in winter. Synonyme : 1^ Sdlla pomeri- 
didna. See AlhUca, Arthropddium, BidvMlia^ 
BulbtnCj CMorophptunif Czdckia, EcJudndia, 
Gagea, Phaldngiuvit Simithis and TrichopSta- 
lum. 



albucoldes . White . 7, G. 

oerhleum . Blue . 6, G. 

. Copper . 6, O. 
. White . 6, F. 
. White 
.White 
. White 
.White 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 



1 C. Q. H. 1788 
1 C. G. H. 1825 



Her. P. 1 

Her. P. 1 C. G. H. in4 



rhfltm 
cr6ceum. 
falc&tum 
fllifi^Uum 
filif^nne. 
flexlfdlium 
florib(kndum White 
fr&grans . . White 
^^^ }wute 

hirshtum . White 
UtifdUum . White 
lougifdlitim. White 
nhttins . . White 
pUftsum . . White 
plumdsum . White 

revolhtum . White 
serotlnum . White 
spiriLlo . . White 
squKmeum . White 
sulphhroum Pur. yeL 7, H. 
trifldrum . White . 9, G. 
undulAtum . White . 6, G. 
vespertlnum White . 6, G. 
vill&Bimi. .White 7, G. 



.7, G. 
.6, G. 
.4, G. 
.6, G. 
.4, G. 
.5, G. 

.6, G. 

.7,0. 
.4,G. 
.7,G. 
.4, G. 
.7, G. 
. 3, F. 

.6, G. 

10, G. 
.7,H. 
.5, G. 
.7, G. 



Her. P. 


t 


C. 0. H. 




Her. P. 


C. G. H. 


1800 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1S2.T 


Her. P. 


} 


C. G. H. 


1820 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1775 


Her. P. 


i 


C. G. H. 


1795 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1774 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1795 


Her. P. 


1^ C. G. H. 


1794 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1820 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1812 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1824 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1812 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1825 


Her. P. 




ChUe. 


1829 


Her. P. 


2 


C. G. H. 


1819 


Her. P. 


2 


C. G. H. 


1731 


Her. P. 


\ 


Britain, 
C. G. H. 


^ills 


Her. P. 


1824 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1820 


Her. P. 




Hngty. 


1823 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1782 


Her. P. 




C. G. H. 


1825 


Her. P. 




C.G. H. 


1803 


Her. P. 




C. G. a 


1896 



ANT 



39 



ATH 



Antheriferous, bearing anthers. 

Antherop5oon, Linn. Anlhera, an anther, 
and pogon, a beard. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
OramiTiAeea;. Grasses growing in any common 
soil. See Atheropdgon. 

Anthers, the male parts of a flower, containing 
the fecundating matter. 

ANTHBRtrRUS, BluTM. Anihera, an anther, 
and oura, a tail. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
ArdeecB. A genns closely related to Arum, 
and requiring similar treatment. Synonymes : 
1, Arum temdUunif A. bulbdsum, 
tematua . pinrple . 6, O. Hor. P. | Japan . . 1774 

Anth!na, Fries. Derived from anthinus, florid ; 
referring to the colour. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. 
Or. Botrytdcece. Minute productions, found 
on the decayed and decaying leaves — minidta. 

ANTHisrfRiA, Willdenow. Named in allusion 
to the very stiff stubble, from anthisteri. 
Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. CframindcecB. Un- 
interesting species, of simple culture. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Andrapdgon quaarivdlvissxistriLUB, 
cilikta 1. 

AmrHOciRCis, Lahillardiire. Named in refe- 
rence to the radiated corolla, from amtkos, a 
flower, and kirkis, a ray. Linn, 14, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. SerophularidceoB. These pretty spe- 
cies succeed well in a mixture of loam and 
peat, with the pots well drained, and the 
plants carefully watered ; cuttings root in 
sand under a glass. 

fibfcans . . White . . 6, O. Ev. S. 8 N. Holl. 1824 

UicifiUa . . YeUow . . 6, O. Her. P. 3 8wn. R. 1843 

llttdrea . . Wbito . . 6. 0. Et. 8. 8 N. HoII. 1808 

TisceMa. . . Wbite . . 5, O. Ev. & 6 N. Holl. 1822 

ANTHdcEROs, JS. Botany, From anihos, a flower, 
and boroeis, homed ; alluding to the horn-like 
form of the theca. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Jungermannideece. Small f rondose plants, with 
long, slender, two-valved theca, in habit re- 
sembling Jungermdnnia. — ^mdjor, multlfidus, 
punct&tus. 

AnthocleIsta, Afzeliua. From anthoSj a flower, 
and cleistos, shut up. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Loganideeas. Ornamental trees, thriving 
well in peat and loam, and increased from 
cuttings. 

xnAcroph^Ila. White . . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 S. Leone 1820 
ndbiliB . . White . . 6» & Ev. T. 20 B. Leone 

Anthodon, Ruiz and Pavon. Derived from 
anUioSj a flower, and odous, a tooth. Linn. 
8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Hippocratedceas. Interest- 
ing evergreen species, growing in rich loam 
and peat, and propagated from cuttings in 
sand under a glass. 

elllpticum . Tel. grn. . 8, S. Ev. & 12 Rio Jan. 1818 
poniculAtum YeL grn. . 6, S. Ev. & 12 Rio Jan. 1818 

Anthol6ma, La Billardiire, Named from 
cuUhoa, a flower, and loma, a fringe. Linn. 
13, (h-. 1, Nat. Or. Marcgraaviaceee, A 
beautiful tree, preferring rich loam, mixed 
with a little peat ; ripened cuttings root in 
sand under a glass. 
montAna . White . . 6, a Ev. T. 20VewHoIL 810 



AntholVza, Linn. A figurative name, from 
anthoSf a flower, and lyssa, rage ; the flowers 
look like the mouth of an animal ready to 
bite. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat Or. Iriddceas. ' An 
interesting genus of bulbous plants, thriving 
well in sandy soil under a south wall; the 
roots should be planted deep enough so as to 
be out of the reach of severe frost ; they in- 
crease easily from offsets. Synonyme: 1, A. 
oBthidpioa viUgera, See Anisdnihus. 
8Bthi6pica . . 8cr. grn. . 6. H. BL P. 3 C. G. H. 1750 
montJUia . . Brown . . 6, H. BL P. 1 C. G. H. 1822 
praeflta 1 . Orange . . 2, H. BL P. 2 C. G. H. 

AKTH<SpHORnM, the receptacle on which the 
petals, stamen, and ovary are seated. 

A^THOSPiRMUM, Linn. From anthos, a flower, 
and sperma, seed. Linn. 22, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Cinchonacece. Amber Tree. An interesting 
species, delighting in loam and peat, and cut- 
tings strike freely in soil. 
8Bthl6picum . Grn. wht. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1892 

AnthoxXnthum , Linn. From anthos, a flower, 
and QsanthvSf yellow. ^ Linn. 2, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. OraminAcecB. Spring Grass. Interesting 
species of grass, of tne simplest culture. It is 
tne dried herba|;e of A . odoratum that gives 
the sweet peculiar fragrance in meadow nay, 
said to depend on the presence of benzoic 
acid. 

amArum . . Apetal . . 6, H. Grass 1 Morocco 1810 

gHSclle . . . Apetal . . 8, H. Grass 1 SicUy . 1820 

odor&tum . . Apetal . . 5, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

Uzum . . Apetal . . 6, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

pub^scens . Apetal . . 6, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

rambsum . Apetal . . 5, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

ov&tum . . . Apetal . . 7, H. Grass 1 Spain, 1821 

ANTHRfiBCUS, Persoon. The name of a plant 
described by Pliny resembling Scdndix. Linn, 
6, Or. 2, Nat Or. ApiHeece. Uninteresting 
species, of the simplest culture. See T&rilis, 
Synonyme: 1, Scdndix Anthnscus^fvLxn&noideaf 
hispida, nemordsa, nodosa, tatirica, trichos 
p6rma, tubercnlkta, vulgkris 1. 

ANTBtmiUM, Smith. Anthos, a flower, and 
oura, a tail, floriferous spadix. Linn, 4, Or. 
1, Nat Or. Orontiaceos. For cultivation, &c., 
see Phthos. 

amdmum . . Brown . 5, S. Her. P. | Caraccas 1828 
cytisoldes . . YeUow . 6, a Her. P. J 
glauc^scens . Brown . 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1820 
grtKcile . . . Green . 5, 8. Her. P. { Trinidad 1825 
EMrrisii . . . Gr. Bro. 6, 8. Her. P. 3 Bnudl . 1824 
leuoonelirum . Brown . 5, 8. Her. P. } 8. Amor. 
longif61ium . Brown . 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1829 
microph^llum Purple . p, 8. Her. P. ^ Bradl . 1829 

AvthY LLTS, Linn. From anthos, a flower, and 
ioylos, down ; in reference to the flowers being 
usually downy. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat Or. 
Fabdieete. Beautiful free - flowering species, 
proper for ornamenting rock- work. The hardy 
perennial and annual kinds thrive well in a 
warm situation and light soiL The greenhouse 
and frame kinds succeed best in sandy loam 
and peat, and increase plentifully from seeds, 
and sometimes from cuttings. Synonymes: 1, 
VtUnerdria rubrifldra; 2, A. comicina; 8, 
Vulnerdria polyphplla ; 4, A. r&slica; 6, A. 
itdliea. See kbenus and Lespediza. 
alplna . . . Tellow 8, H. Her. P. \ Britain, mts. 
AspalAthi . . TeUow 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 18S4 



ANT 



40 



APE 



B^rba J6Tis . Pa. yeL 4, G. Ev. S. 8 8. Eur. . 1040 
cornlclna . . WTiito . 7, H. A. 1 Spain . 1759 

cytisoldes . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Spain . 1731 
IMllfenii 1 . .Red .7, H. Her. P. ^ 8. Eur. . 1816 
echin&ta . . Pui-ple 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 8. Eur. 
erlnAcoa . . Purpla 6, P. Ev. 8. 1 Spain . 1759 
Gcrirdi . . White . 8, H. Her. P. J Provence 180« 
ham&aa 2 . .Pa. yol. 7, H. A. t Barbory . 1821 

Hermilnnii© . YeUow 7, F. Ev. 8. 1* Levant . 1739 
heteroph^Ua . Pink . 7, G. Ev. 8.1 S.Eur. .1768 
lotoldos . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Spain . 1789 

montlina . . Purple. 7, H. Her. P. J 8. Eur. . 1769 
ilba . . . White . 7, H. Her. P. \ 8. Eur. . 1818 

*>°^^°^^ } YeUow . 7, H. Her. P. \ Spain . 1S17 

polyc^hala . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Barbary 1829 
polyphylla 3 Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eiir. . 1816 
tenuifbUa . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. Ik C. O. H. 1818 
totrapbylla . Yellow . 7, H. A. 1 8. Eur. . 1640 

Vulneriria . YeUow . 7, H. Her. P. * Brit cha. pa. 
albifl6ra 4 . White . 7, H. Her. P. \ Brit cha. pa. 

^*SS*6***' ]^^' • ^' °- ^^- P* * Europe . 1816 
rhbra . . Red . . 7, H. Her. P. \ Brit cha. pa. 
WebblAna . Pa. ro90 6, H. Her. P. | TeneriSe 1829 

AntiAris, Lesch. AtUiar or Aiitschar, its Java- 
nese name. Zinn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Arto- 
carphccce. This is the far-faincd Upas poison- 
tree of Java — the Boom or Bon Upas of the 
Javanese. The poison obtained from it is of a 
most deadly nature, and is called Upas, Oupas, 
or Ipo. The tree grows in Java and the 
neighbonring isles, attaining a large size, and 
its exhalations produce very unpleasant effects 
upon persons who stay long near it. The 
cultivation is easy, requiring merely to be 
potted in a mixture of light sandy loam and 
heath mould, and in the growing season to 
have plenty of heat and moisture, 
tozlclkria . . Gi-een . 5, 8. Ev. T. 110 Java . . 1844 

Anti-aphrodisiacal, any thing which checks 
the desire of sexual intercourse. 

AirriD^MA, Linn. So called from the use of 
the bark in making ropes ; from arUi, like, 
and dcsmoSf bond. Linn. 22, Or. 5, Nat. Or. 
SiilaginAcefB. Plants requiring a rich loamy 
soil; ripened cuttings with their leaves on, 
root in sand, in a moist heat, 
guino^sis . Apetal . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Guinea . 1825 
pubdsoena . Apetal . 5. 8. Ev. 8. 6 R Ind. . 1818 
zeylilnica . Apetal . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Ceylon . 1821 
alexU^ria, panieuUUa, 

Antidpsmadb. See SiilagindcecB. 

AntiqrAmma, Prcsl. Anti, like, and gramma, 
writing. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypo- 
didcecB. A geniu) of tender fems requiring only 
ordinary treatment. See Asplhiium. 
rhiroph^lla . Brown . 6, G. Her. P. } N. Anier. 1680 

Anti-pestilential, efficacious against pestilence. 

Anti-phrasib, the use of words in a sense op- 
posite to that of some neighbouring parallel 
sentence. 

Antirrhinum, Linn. Derived from atUi^ simi- 
lar, and rhiUj nose ; the flowers of most of the 
species bear a perfect resemblance to the snout 
of some animal. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
ScropJiulariaccce. Very pretty flowering spe- 
cies, succeeding well in common soil, and 
increased plentifully from cnttings or seeds. 
See Lind>na and Nemesia. 



nngtistifblium Pink 
Aaartna . . White 



. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Eur. . 1817 
. 7, F. Ev. Tr. i Italy . 1699 



calyclntim . Red . . 7, H. A. 1 Spain 1810 

glandulbsum. Ro. yeL . 9, H. A. 2 Califta. 1834 

mAJus . . . Pink . . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Engr., walla 

bioolor . . Scar, wht 7, H. Her. P. 1 Eng., walls 

*^l^i^^ } Scar- "tpd. 7, H. Her. P. H Hyb.,ganL 

cocclneua . Scarlet . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Eng., gard. 

fl6ro-pli«io . Flesh . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Eng., gard. 

quadrlcolor . Red p. wh. 8, H. Her, P. li Hyb.,gard. 

varieg&tum . Red . . . 7, H. Her. P. ij Eng., gard. 

TotingiAnum Ro. p. wht 7, H. Her. P. IJ Hyb.,gard. 
mMium . . Pink . . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Eur. . 1821 
meontothum Pink . . 8, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. 1817 
mfOle . . . White . . 8, F. Ev. F. 1 Spain 1752 
monteviddnse Red ... 7, H. A. 1 llVid. 1829 
ochrolehcum . Pa. yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Eng. Hyh. 
Or6ntium . . Flesh . . 8^ H. A. 1 Brit. Sa.pa. 
sempervlrons. Pink . . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Pyren. 1821 
sfculum . . White . . 7, H. Her. P. U Sicily 1804 
tortudsum . Purple . . 6, H. Her. P. l| Italy . 

Anti-scrophulous, efficacious against scurvy, 
anti-scorbutic. 

Anti-septic, efficacious against putrefaction. 

Antjar poison. Sec Antidris. 

ANTRdpnruM, Kaxdfvsa. Named in reference 
to its native places of habitation, from antroiif 
a cavern, and^/tio, to grow. Linn. 24, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. PolypodidcecB. An interesting species 
of fern, of easy culture. Synonyme: ], Hc- 
mionUis laneeoldta. 
lanceolAtum 1 . Brown . 8, 8. Her. P. ] W. Ind. 1793 

Antwerp hollyhock. See AUhdbaficifolia. 

AnyIllea, Dc Candolle, Derivation of name 
unknown. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsU- 
racecB. 
Garcini . . . Yellow . 5, 8. Ev. S. 2 Levant 1827 

ANfcHiA, Michx. Named from its affinity to 
Paron^ia. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Illece- 
brdcece. An omamenta:l species ; for culture, 
&c., see Paronychia. Synonyme: Quiria 
canacUnsis, 
dIch6toma . . Green . 7, H. B. | N. Amer. 1806 

A6tus, Smith. The car-like appendages are 
wanting ; hence the name from a, privative, 
and 0U3, ear. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Fdbacea. Pretty greenhouse species ; for cul- 
ture, &c., see PiMewdsa, Synonyvie: 1, Gas- 
iroUbium HUgtllL 

cordifbUus 1 Yellow . 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan R. . 1848 
Drumm6ndi Yel. red 5, G. Ev. 8. 3 Swan R. . 1850 
grtfcUis . . Yellow . 4, G. Ev. 8. 1 N. HoU. . 1830 
gracfllimua . YeL cr. 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. HolL . 1844 
lanfgerus . Crim. y. 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 Moreton B. 1833 
inc&na . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holt . 1824 
Tilldsa . . YeUow . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 X. HolL . 1790 
ericoldes . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1* N. HolL . 1810 
ferrugfnca . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. 8. l\ N. HolL . 1820 
virg&ta^ . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. 8. \\ N. HolL . 1824 

ApalochlXmys. See OasAnia. 

AfArgia, Scopoli. A name applied by the 
Greeks to a plant now unknown. Linn. 19, 
Or, 1, Nat. Or. AsUrdMw. Herbaceous 
plants, of simple culture. Synonyme: 1, A, 
eichordcea. 

aiirantlaca . Oningo . 6, H. Her. P. } Hungary 181G 
alplna, dspcra, eaiiedsica, eoronopifblia, erispOf 
crdcea, diUbia^ fasciculdta 1, Oouani, hdgtUis, 
hispida^ hyoseroideSf incdna, macrorhlza, stri- 
gdsa, I'ardxaciy Villdrsi. 

APBiBA, Margraav. A name given by the 
natives of Brazil, to Apeiba Tibdurbou. Linn. 
13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. TilidceoB. Beautiful trees, 



APE 



41 



APL 



with large leayes and fine yellow flowers, 
thriying well in loam and peat, and propa- 
gated by cnttiugs of the npened wood, in 
sand, in heat, under a glass, carefully watered. 
The best way to make them flower in this 
country, is by ringing the large branches, 
and by this means checking the flow of sap. 
Synonymcs: 1, A. hJispida; % A. hirsiUa; 
8, AublUia leevis, 

dspora . . Tellow . 8, 8. Ev. T. SO Cayenno . 1792 
cUtbTa 3 . . Gr. yoL . 6, 8. Ev. T. 15 Cayenne . 1817 
Ubvia . . . Green . 8, 8. £v. T. 12 Cayenne . 1817 
Petobmo 1 . Yellow . 8, 8. Ev. T. 40 8. Amer. . 1817 
Tibotrbou, 2 YeUow . 8, 8. Ev. T. 19 S. Amer. . 1756 

Afera, Beauv. Derived from a, without, and 
pera, sack. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gra- 
fnindeew. Sipumymes : 1, AffrMis interr&pta ; 
2, AgrOstis spicorvhita — interrupta 1, spica- 
Tenta 2 See Agr^stis, 

Aperient, possessing a slight puigatiye quality. 

Ap^btus, open, expanded. 

Ap^talous, without petals. 

Apex, the summit of anything. 

Aphaca. See LdVtyrus ApTiaca. 

AphanXnthb, Link, Derived from aphanos^ 
obscure, and anthos^ flower ; in allusion to the 
flowers being destitute of beauty. lAnn, 8, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Phytolaccdcece. A curious 
species, grown in peat and loam ; cuttings, 
oeloaioldes . Wht gr. 7, G. Ev. 8. 1^ Braril . . 1813 

Aphanes. See AlehemUla Aphanes, 

Aphakes. See Erka Aphanes. 

APHANOCHiLUS, Bcnih. From aphanos, obscure, 
and cheilos, a lip, in reference to the obscurity 
of the lip of the flower. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Lamuicetc. An ornamental species ; for 
culture, &c., see Mintha. SyTumyme: 1, 
Miniha bldnda, 
incl4U8 . . White . 9, H. Her. P. 2 Nepal . . 18?4 

AphelAndra, R. Brown. From apheleSy sim- 
ple, and aneTf a male ; the anthers being one- 
celled. Linn. 15, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthdcea. 
These splendid stove planti, to succeed well, 
should have a good turfy loam and peat, and be 
grown in proportioned sized pots, judiciously 
drained ; when the plants are in a growing 
state, they should have a good supply of water 
at the roots, and frequently a powerful syringing 
on the leaves, &c. Synonymes: 1, BtUllia 
erixUUa, Justida ptilcfUrriTna. See Thyrsa- 
cdnthfU8. 

ourantlaca . Or. scar. 12, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Mexico . 1844 
cri8t&ta 1 . . 8carlet . 8, & Ev. 8. 3 W. Ind. . 1733 
lateritda . . Rod . . 6, 8. Ev. B. 8 Guatmla. 1854 
Porte&na . . Oran«:e . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Brazil . 1855 
sqtiarrtea . Yellow . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 1854 
Leop61di . YeUow . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Braril . 1855 
vuieg&ta . Yellow . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 2} Brazil . 1854 
varie^ta. . Or. yeL . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Brazil . 1852 
ileganSf Ghiesbrightiij longiracemdsa. 

Aphel^xib, D. Don. From apJieUs, simple, 
and exis, habit ; in reference to the habit of 
the species. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsUr- 
AcetE. Ornamental species ; for culture, &c., see 
Elichrpsum. Synonymes : 1, Elichrpsum erico- 
\des; E, fasdctUdtum / 3, JS. specldbile, pini- 
fllium; 4, E, seaamoides, Xer&nthemum sesa- 



nuMes; 5, Elichrpaum macrdnthAim; 6, E. 

nlveum. See also Helipterwm. 

eriooldes 1 . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. i C. G. H. . 179« 

fasciculita 2. Pur. yel. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

fflba . . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

rhbra . .Red . . 7, 0. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

versfcolor . Varieg. . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

gmndifl6ra . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1731 

macrftitha, 5 Wht. red 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 8w. River 1838 

rOsea . . . Rose . . 8^ G. Ev. & 2 8wau R. . 1838 

hhmiUs 8 . Pink . . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1810 

rdeea . Rose . . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 

8esamoldofl4 Pur. w. . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1739 

spect^Iis 6 Wht pk. 8, G. Ev. 8. 3 8wan R . 1838 

rup^stris . . White . 6, O. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. . 

Aphthous, resembling something covered with 
little ulcers. 

APHfLLJE. See TkdllogenA^\eaSiesA plants of 
the simplest structure. 

Aphyllanthes, Linn. Its stems are like a 
rush, and bear on their summit a little tuft of 
flowers ; hence the name from aphyllos, leaf- 
less, and anthoSf flower. Liiin. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Lilidceoc. This pretty species delights in 
peat that is somewhat sandy, and increases by 
dividing the roots or by seeds. 
monspeli&iBiB . Red . 6, F. Her. P. 1 France . 1791 

ApiAcEfi, umbelliferous plants. A yety large 
order, chiefly natives of northern climates. 

ApiCRA, Willdenow. Derived from apikros, not 
bitter ; probably in allusion to the taste not 
being like bitter aloes. Linn. 6, Or. 1^ Nat. 
Or. Lilideecp. Very interesting species of suc- 
culents ; for culture,^ &c., see Aloe. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Aloe spiralis; 2, Aplcra pseido-- 
rigida. 

fepera . . . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
ai^rula . . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. i C. G. H. . 1824 
bicarin&ta . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 
buUulita . . Grey . 5, G. Ev. a 1^ C. G. H. 
folioMwa . . Grey . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
imbricita 1 . Grey . 6, G. Ev. a U C. G. H. . 1731 
nigra . . . Grey . 7, G. Ev. 8. I C. G. H. . 1823 
pentagdna . Grey . 6, G. Ev. a l{ C. G. H. . 1731 
tdrta . . . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1800 
rfgida 2 . . Grey . 8, G. Ev. 8. ^ C. G. H. . 1820 
spir&llfl . . Grey . 8, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1790 
spirOla . . Grey . 8, G. Ev. 8. IJ C. G. H. . 1808 

ApicxtlAtum, the flowers resembling a bee. 
Sil^. }t««»5natmg in a Uttle point. 

tpfFERA, like a bee. 
Pios, BoerJiaave, From apion, a pear ; in re- 
ference to the form of the roots. Linn. 17, Or. 
4, Nat Or. Fabdeeoe. An ornamental species ; 
for culture, &c., see Clitdria. Tlie roots may be 
eaten with safety. Synonyme: 1, Glpdne 
Apios. See Wisthria. 

tuberdea . Brown pnk. 8, H. Tu. P. 6 N. Amer. . 1840 
Apium, Linn. Derived from the Celtic word 
apon, water; in allusion to the place where 
the plants grow. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
Apidcece. The mode of cultivating these plants 
is so well known, that we need not mention it 
here. See PetroseUnum. 
graveMens . White . . 7, H. B. 4 Britain, ditches 

fraetophillum, prostrdhim, romdtnum, temd' 
turn. 
Apl^gtrum, NuUall From a, without, and 
plektronf a spur ; the flower is spurless. Linn. 



APL 



20, Or. 1, Nftt. Or. Orehiddcece. A curious 
little plant growing freely in sandy peat, and 
increased by offsets— Corallorhlza hiemklis. 
hiom&lo . . Brown . 4, H. Ter. 1 N. Amer. . 1827 

AplopAppus, De Candolle. From aploos, simple, 
andpapptiSf down. Idnn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asterdceod. Plants of the easiest culture. 
dliUua . TeUow . 0, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 1821 

Al'LOPHfLLUM, Juasieu, From aploos^ simple, 
jphyllon, a leaf. The leaves are simple. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. RtUdieecB. Uninteresting 
species, of easy culture. Synonymea : 1, RiUa 
dahHriea; 2, R. linifdlia; 8, R, pcUavina; 
4, R, puhiscens; 5, R, suavedUns; 6, R, villdsa 
— Buxbaumii, dahiiricnm 1, linifblium 2, pata- 
yinum 3, pubescens 4, suaye61en8 5, tubercu- 
llitum, vill6sum 6. 

AplotIxis. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ader- 
dceoB, Herbaceous plants of easy culture, 
merely requiring to be planted in the open 
borders, and increased by division of the roots. 
Synonymta: 1, CMLuus heterom&llas ; 2, 
SaussHrea Froldvii, 

albdscens . Purple .. 7, H. Her. P. 2 India . . 18S7 
cfodicauB . Purple . 0, H. Her. P. 2 Nepaul . 1820 
Frol6vii . . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1827 

APLtrDA, Linn. Derived from aplvda, chaff; 
the resemblance of the involucres to chaff. 
Linn. 28, Or. 1, Nat. Or. QraminitctCB, An 
uninteresting species, of the easiest culti- 
vation. Synonyme: 1, Andropdgcn involu- 
crdtus — arist&ta 1. 

4-POGTNACELfi. An order of i)lants, most of 
them containing acrid milky juices very poi- 
sonous. Many bear handsome flowers. 

AP<5cTiraM, Linn. Derived from apo, away, 
and kyon, a dog ; supposed to be mortal if 
eaten by dogs. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Apoq/ndtcecp. Plants of little beauty, but easy 
culture ; A. androsoBmi/hlium is acrid, and 
blisters the skin. The stalks of A . canuciinum 
afford the North American Indians a substi- 
tute for hemp, of which they make twine, 
bags, fishing-nets, and lines, also linen for 
their own wear. See EvsUgia and Ichnoedrpus. 
androatemifi^lium Strip. 8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1688 
canntfbinum . . YeL 8, II. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1699 
hyporicifdlium . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1768 
▼enbtum . . . Wht. 0, H. Uer, P. 2 Adriat 1. 1690 

APONoalrroN, Thun. The name is derived 
from the Celtic apon, water, and the Greek 
woi"d geiton^ near, the species growing in 
water. Linn. 6, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Juncagindcece. 
Interesting aquatics, succeeding well it* planted 
in loam and peat, and placed in a tub of water. 
Offsets or seeds. 

ang^gtifbllum . Wfalte . 7, a. Aq. P. I C. G. H. . 1788 
criBpum . . . Wfaite . 8, S. Aq. P. { Ceylon . 1820 
dist^bshyon . . White . 6, O. Aq. P. 1 C. O. H. . 1788 
jlhioetmi . . . White . 8, O. Aq. P. I C. G. H. . 1846 
monosttfcbyon . Pink . 9, S. Aq. P. { E. Ind. . 1803 

Apophysis, a swelling beneath the theca of 
mosses. 

Ap6rum, Blume. From aporaxj a running- 
shoot; from the appearance of the plant. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. OrchidwxcR. This 
genus possesses little to recommend it to the 



42 AQU 

lovers of this heautiful tribe. Its insignificant 

flowers are produced from the axils of its 

bright green leaves. It thrives well with the 

same treatment as Vanda. Synonymea: 1, 

Lendrdbium dncepa; 2, Apdrum indivlaum; 

8, I>endrdbium aarcoatbmum. 

finoepe 1 . . Yelsh. all . 8. Epi. | EL Indies 1826 

aloeilblium & Epi. i 

cuspid&tum . Tellow st 5, S. EpL I E. Indies 1836 

incraas&tum . S. Epi. X 

LedniB . . . Red brown 5, S. EpL 1 Singapore 1837 

lob4tum . . 8. Epi. | 

macrfistomum 8. EpL 

micrfinthum . 8. EpL 

■aro6stomum 3 8. EpL 

s^rra. ... 8. EpL 

sinu&tum . . Tellow . . 4, & EpL i Singapore 1830 

stibtcres . . 8. EpL 

ApostasiAce^ a small order of Endogens, 

nearly related to terrestrial Orchidkcese, and 

natives of the hot woods of India. 
APOUCOtriTA. See Cdasia ApcmcoHiia, 
Appendage, that which is attached. 

AppkIdent'}^^^^' approaching, pendulous. 

Appendix, anything attached. 

Apple berrt. See Billardiira, 

Apple tree. See Pi^rua Mdlua. 

Appressed, pressed close to anything. 

Approximate, \ „_^ +^^f u«^ 

Approximating, /°^" together. 

Apricot tree. See Armentaca. 

AfterXnthes, Hooker. Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. Aaelepiadacea'.. A genus of succulent 
plants resembling Stap^lia in habit, and re- 
auiriug similar treatment. Synonymea: 1, 
Stapelia Guaaonidna, S. europ^, BoueJierdaia 
Munhayhna. 
GuasoniJkna, 1 Puip. y. 8, G. Sue. 8. 1 Lompodusa 1832 

Apterous, without the membranous margins, 
by botanists called wings. 

APTOshiUM, Brown. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Savpkularidceoe. 
dcprtanim . Blue . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2| C. G. H. . 183tf 

AquArtta, Jacq. In honour of B. Aquart, 
Jacquin's companion in America. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Solandcece, A species of little 
beauty, and easy culture, 
toment^kaa . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 8. Amer. . . 1810 

Aquatic, growing in water. 

AQUiPOLllcEiE. Holly^vorts. Evergreen trees 
and shrubs. Natives of various parts of the 
world. The Holly is found in Europe. 

AQUiLARlAcKfi. Lign Aloes or Agallochum 
belongs to this order. The species are all 
natives of the tropical parts of Asia. 

AquilAria, Linn. The wood is called loia 
dTaigle, or eagle wood, in Malacca ; hence the 
name from aquila^ an eagle. Linn. 10, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. AquilaridcecB. An ornamental ever- 
green shrub, succeeding in loam and peat, and 
propagated from cuttings, under a glass, in 
neat. Synonyme: I. A. ovdta. 
malaccAuis 1 Wht gm. S, 8. Ev. 8. 16 tfalaoca 182S 

AQUHikoiA, Linn. From aquila, an eagle ; al- 
luding to the form of the petal. Linn. 18, 



AQU 



43 



ARA 



P.l BwitzerL 1731 
P. 1 Altaia . . 1827 



P.l 
P.l 



Siberia 
Siberia 



Or. 6, Nat. Or. Ranunculacke. The species of 
this ornamental genus may be eroAvn in com- 
mon soil, and increased plentifully from seeds. 
Synonymes: 1. A, glanduldaa. 2. A, atro' 
purpurea, 3. A. alpina ffrandifldrcL 4. A. 
Ucolor. 5. A, glanduldsa. 6. A, vulgdriSy 
dahOrica, 

alplna . . Blue 
anemono- ) t>,,^i^ 

Ides 1 . ; ^^^i« • 

&rctica . . Red yel. 
atropuTpttrea Purple . 

toa2 .j Purple, 
brach^ceras . Blue . 
calif&rnica . Rod . . 
canad^DsiB . Red or. 
Ibtea . . . Pa. yeL 

flort pltoo . W. red. 
dahtmca . Purple . 
exfmia . . Crim. . 
foimdsa . . Red or. 
flr&grans . . YeL sir. 
OamieriAna Pur. str. 
glanduldsa . W. blue 

c6ncolor . Violet . 

diaoolor . . Blue wt 
glailca. . .Wht.7. 
grandifldraS. Blue 
h^brida 4 . Purple . 
jucAnda 6 . Blue . 
Kanaoridnsis Blue wt 
leptdoeras . Blue 



6, H. Her. 

7, H. Her. 

6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 

6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6. H. Her. 
5, H. Her. 

W. red. 6, H. Her. 



pfurifldra 
PTrenalca 
pubifldra 
Skfnneri 
sibf rica . 
virldifldra 
Tiscdsa , 
Tulg&ris 



Purple. 
. Blue 
. Pa. pur. 
. RedgrzL 
. Bluewt. 
. Gr. yeL 
. Purple 

Blue 



comicuUta Bluewt. 
d^ner. . Bluewt 
Aegans . . Purple . 
iuT^raa . . Bluewt. 
Btell&ta . . Bluewt 



6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
8, H. Her. 

6, H. Her. 

7, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 

H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 

6, H. Her. 

7, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 

5, H. Her. 

6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
0, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
6. H. Her. 
6, H. Her. 
0, H. Her. 



P.l Siberia .1827 
P. 1 N. Europe 1838 
P. 1^ Califomut 
P. IJ N. Amer. . 1640 
P. l| N. Amer. . 1836 

P. 1} Gardens. 

P. 1^ Gardens. 

Dahuria .1827 
Gardens. 
Kamtsch. 1822 
Himalayas 1839 
Eng. hyb. 1820 
P. 2 Siberia . 1822 
P. 1* Altaia . . 1822 
P. t\ Siberia . 1789 
P. 2 Himalayas 1839 
~ • .1818 



1844 
1851 
1838 
1819 
1818 



P. U Siberia 
P. ll Siberia 
P.lJ 

P. 1 India . 
P. 2 Russia 
P.l Siberia 
P. 1 Pyrenees 
P. l\ N. India . 1839 
P.l Guatemalal841 
P. 1\ Siberia . 1800 
P. \l Siberia . 1780 
P. l| Montpel. . 1752 
P. 2 Britain, fields 
P. 2 Europe, gard. 
P. 2 Europe, gard. 
P. 1 Europe, gard. 
P. 2 Europe, gard. 
P. 2 Europe, gard. 



AQUiiiNUS, like an eagle. 

Arabis, JUnn, Originally from Arabia, but 
this name is not very precise, as the species 
are found in many parts of the world. Lixm. 16, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. Brassicdcece. Mostly interesting 
species, adapted for ornamenting rock-work ; 
they are propagated from seeds or cuttings. 
Syiwnymes: 1, -4. caucdaica. 2, TiirrUis 
strida. 3, A. dspera, 4, TiirrUis pdtula. 
5, T&rritis alphui. 6, A.hellidifilia^cilid.ris. 
7, Hispcris vima. See Aubriilia, Neuroloma, 
and Tarritis. 

fibida 1 . . White . 7, H. Ev. Tr. 
variegAta . White . 2, H. Her. P. 
alp^tria . . White . 7, H. B. 

. W. yel. 6, H. Ev. Tr. 
. White . 6, H. Ev. Tr. 
. White . 5, H. Ev. Tr. 
. Ylwht 6, H. 5v. Tr. 
. White . 7, H. R 

. Pink . 7, H. A. 

. W. yeL 6, R Her. P. 
. Pa. blue 0, H. Her. P. 
. White . 0, H. B. 

. White . o, H. Ev. Tr. 1 
. White . 6, H. B. 

.0,n. Her.P. 
. 0, H. B. } Naples 

. 8, H. A. 1 Europe 

. 0, H. B. 1 Mexico 

.0, H. Ev. Tr. fPersU 



alpina. . 
Clusi&na 

TiAnn, . . 

varieg&ta 
amblgua . 
arendsa . 
beUidif^lia 
csertilea 
oili4ta5 
crisp&ta 
curtisfliqua . 
dasycArpa .White . 
flozudsa . . White . 
Ulaclna . . T.iliin 
lasiol6ba . . White . 
l0Dg£[dlia. .White. 



Caucas. . 1798 
Eng. , gardens 
SwitzerL 1819 
SwitserL 1590 
Pyrenees 1590 
SwitserL 1819 
SwitsorL 1819 
Siberia . 1824 
Germany 1798 
SwitzerL 1773 
SwitserL 1793 
Ireland, sa. pa. 
Camiola. 1818 



N. Eur. 
Podolia 



1825 
1827 
1832 
18.'10 
1820 
1820 



Ihcida . . . White . 0. H. Her. P. i Hungary 1790 

varieg&ta . White . 0, H. Her. P. } Eng., gardens 

xndUis . . . White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. | Caucasus 1817 

nhtans . . White . 0, H. Her. P. i SwitserL 1058 

oviridnsis . Pa. red 0, H. Ev. Tr. I Carinthia 1824 

petriba . . White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. I Austria . 1800 

hastul&ta . Pur. . 6, H. Ev. Tr. I Britain, rocks 

hlspida . . White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. | ScotL, rocks 

prribcox . . 

varieg&ta . White . 0, H. Ev. Cr. | Eng., gardens 

proctirrens . White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. I Hungary 1818 

piunila . . White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. | Austria . 1810 

retrofrtScta . Blush . 0, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1827 

nSsea . . . Rose . 2, H. Her. P. | Calabria . 1832 

^^^l^"®®" } White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. * Austria . 1820 
Btellul&ta. . White . 0. H. Ev. Tr. i Italy . . 1817 
stenop^tala . White . 0, H. B. } . 1818 

stolonlfera . White . 0, H. Ev. Tr. I Camiola . 1818 
stricta. . . Cream . 5, H. Her. P. \ Eng., rocks 
toxoph^lla . White . 7, H. B. 1 Volga. . 1823 

undul&ta . . White . 0. H. Ev. Tr. i S. Eur. . 18U9 
v6ma7 . . Pur. . 5, H. A. 1 Franco . 1710 

Alliimii 2, auricuddLUi 3, au. dasycdLrpOf alt. 
pdtula 4, au. r^cta, cancuUngiSf cebenniTisis, 
colUnct, ffallirij hirsUia^ incdjia, loevigdUa, 
lyrdta, murdtlis, PairinianOf pindula, prdBcoXf 
pubiscens, sagUUUa, so, lonffisUiqiuif sa. ohlon- 
gdla, sa, ovdtOf tvibglahrdia^ scuadtilis, serpylli- 
folia, spaitUdtaj Thalidna, T, parvifl&ra, Titr- 
rita, T. pindtUOf T. umbrdsa. 

ArI^a. See Psiidiwn, 

ArAce£. a considerable order of endogenous, 
tuberous rooted, herbaceous, and semi-succu- 
lent plants, of which the Common Arum is a 
familiar example. 

Arachib, Linn, From a, privative, and rachis, 
a branch ; the plant bears no branches. Litm. 
17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. FabacMs Ccesalplniece, 
This very singular plant has the property of 
forcing the fruit or pods as they increase in 
size into the earth, where they ripen their 
seeds, hence the trivial name earth-nut It 
grows in sandy loam singly in pots, and is 
multiplied from offsets. In South Carolina the 
seed is roasted, and used as chocolate ; it fur- 
ther affords a thin limpid oil, proper for lamps, 
a purpose to which it is applied in Cochin- 
China. 



bypogto . Yellow . 0, S. 



A. 2 S. Amer. . 1812 



Arachne. See PiplcUheruni paraddocum. 

Arachnoideus, covered with capillary filaments. 

Arads. See Ardceoi. 

Araja. See QomMas saccharifer. 

ArAlia, Linn, A name of unknown meaning, 
under which one species was sent to Fagon 
from Quebec in 1764, by a French physician. 
Linn, 5, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Aralidceas. These 
fine species succeed well in common soil, and 
cuttings, cut off at a joint where the wood is 
ripe, and planted in a sheltered situation, soon 
strike root. A, nudicatUis is used in North 
America as a substitute for sarsaparilla. Syno- 
nyrrua: 1, Bidera acuZedta, 2, H, arhlhea, 
8, JBT. eapitdta. 4, Phnax frdgrans, 6, Ardlia 
hiapida, 6, A, Tieteropkplla. 



aculelLta 1 . 
arb6rea2 . 
caplt&ta S . 
cochle4ta . 
crassifdlia 
digitliU . 



. Wht 0, a Ev. 
. Gm. 6, S. Ev. 
. Gm. 6, 8. Ev. 
. Wht 6, 8. Ev. 
. Wht 7, G. Ev. 
.Wht 5,8. Ev. 



T. Nepal . 

T. 10 Jamaica 

8. 8 W. Ind. 

8. 4 £. Ind. 

T. 10 N. ZeaL 

T. 4 E. Ind. 



.1820 
. 1820 

!l820 
. 1840 
.1817 



ARA 



44 



AEO 



forruglnca . Wht 6, S. Er. T. 2 Trinidiid . 1826 

frftfljansd. . Wht fl, S. Ev. 8. 4 Nepal . .1818 

Qhlesbr^htii Wht 7, S. Ev. a 4 

hLiplda. . . Wht 7, H. Do. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1799 

Japdnica . . Orn. 7, H. Do. & 4 Japan . . 1838 

xulcans . . . Wht 6, 8. Ev. T. 8 Trinidad . 1826 

macroph^lla . Wht 7, O. Ev. a 2 Norfolk I. 1881 

^'J^^j^-}wht 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 

nudicatilia . Wht 7. H. Her. P. 1 N. Amor. . 1731 

jjapyrlfom . Wht 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 China . . 1850 

pentaph^'lla . Wht 6, G. Ev. T. 10 Japan . .1810 

pubd9ceufl . Wht 6, 8. Ev. a 2 W. Ind. . 1818 

racemdaa . . Wht 7, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. . IfiiiS 

aambucifdUa . Wht 8, G. Ev. 8. N. HuU. . 1823 

8ieb61dtt'. .Wht 7,8. Ev. 8. 8 

Bpin6sa . . Wht 7, H. Do. a 8 Virginia . 1688 

trlfoUAta . . Wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. ZeaL . 1842 

Thibahtii . . Wht 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 

umbraculifera Wht 7, a Ev. P. 2 R Ind. . ISIS 

ABALiAcEiE. An order consisting of trees, 
shrubs, and herbaceous plants, with the habit 
of Apihccae. The Ivy is a familiar example. 

Aravtferous, resembling a spider. 

Arar tree. See CallUris qtcadrivdlvis, 

AraucAria, Ruiz and Pavon, Derived from 
araucartoSy its name in Chile. Linn. 22, Or. 
18, Nat. Or. Pindcea. This, may be termed 
the handsomest genus of pinaceous plants with 
which we are acc^uainted. A . irribricdia in par- 
ticular is certainly one of the grandest trees 
known. It will thrive well in the open air, 

• with the protection of a mat or two in very 
severe weather, and when got pretty large will 
no doubt be perfectly hardy. Rich open loam 
suits them well; and propagation may be 
effected in the same manner as recommended 
for AUingia. Synonyme: 1, A. columnd,ria, 
D&mbeya columndria^ Cuprissus columndris, A, 
excdsa. See AlUngia. 

Bidwniil . .Apotal. G.Bv.T. 60 MoretonR 1840 
brasiliina. . Apetal . G.Ev.T. 100 Brazil . . 1819 
Cofikii 1 . . Apotal . G. Ev. T. 100 N. Caledon l&M 
CunninghAmi Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Australia . 
fflabca . . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Atistralla . 
gnbricHta. .Apetal. G.Ev.T. 60 ChUe . .1796 
BUel . . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Australia. 

ARAtrjA, Don. In honour of Antonio de Araujo. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AscUpiaddicea. See 
PkysidnUiits. 

Arboreus, being a tree, as distinguished from 
frutescent. 

Arborescent, having a tendency to become a 
tree. 

Arbor-toxicaria. See Antidris toxicdria. 

Arbor-vIt^. See ThUJa. 

Arbutus, Linn. From the Celtic arhoise, aus- 
tere-bush ; rough fruit. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. EiHcdcece. Elegant shrubs, especially A. 
VhidOf which is covered with blossoms, and 
sometimes with fruit throughout the months 
of October and November. They succeed well 
in open loamy soil, mixed with a little sandy 
peat, and increased by seeds, or by budding 
and inarching on each otlier : the dwarfer kinds 
root readily by layers. From the flowers of 
A. Unido an a^eable wine is prepared in the 
island of Corsica. The fruit when taken in 
any quantity is narcotic. Synonymes: 1, A. 
kpbrida. 2, A. mbllia, A. zalap&nsis. 3, 
Aretostdphylos Unnentdsa. See Arctostdphylas, 
OxyeOccus, <fc PenUttya. 



Andrfohne . 


White. 


4, H. Ev. a 


10 Levant ,1724 


andrachno* 
Ides 1. . 


W. gr. 


4, a^v.a 


8 


canari^naia . 


. W. gr 


6, G. Ev. a 


8 Canaries 1796 


densifldra . 


.White 


6, G. Ev. T. 


20 Mexico . 1826 


laurifdlia . 


.White. 


6, G.Ev.T. 


90 Mexico . 1825 


Lindeniikna 


.White. 


6. G. Ev. 8. 


6 Caraocaa 1850 


MenziteU . 


.White. 


6, H. Ev. a 


10 N. Amer. 1827 


Uaieri . . 


. 


6, H. Ev. 8. 


4 Hybrid. . 1825 


mucron&ta . 


.White. 


6, G. Ev. Tr 


1 Magellan 1828 


piI68a . . 


. White. 


6, H. Ev. a 


} Mexico . 1829 
Peru . . 1813 


phillyreaafUia 


.White. 


6, G. Ev. a 


procure . . 


.White. 


6, H.Ev.a 


10 N. Amer 1825 


phmilA . . 


.White. 


6. G. Ev. 8. 


4 Magellan 1825 


acrratifdlia. 


.W. gr. 


6. G. Ev. a 


6 


UnMo . . 


.White. 


10, H. Ev. a 


10 Ireland, rocks 


erf spa . . 


.White. 


10, H.Ev.a 


8 Ireland, gard. 


integrif51ia 


.Pink . 


10, H.Ev.a 


6 Ireland, gard. 


pitea . . 


.W. gr. 


10, H. Ev. a 


6 Ireland, gard. 


salicifblU. 


.White. 


10, H. Ev. a 


8 Ireland, gard. 


8chin>p^tala 


White. 


10. H.Ev.a 


6 Ireland, gard. 



rbbra . . . Pink . 10, H. Ev. 8. 10 Ireland, gard. 
vHrians 2 . . Red w. 5, H.Ev.S. 6 Mexico . 1846 
tomentdea 3 . White. 3, G. Ev. 8. 6 Califom. 1826 

Archakoel. See Lhmium. 

Archangel. See ArehcuagUica ojicindlis. 

ARCHANGJfiLiCA, Boffman. From arche, chief, 
and angelica. So named, from its supposed 
archangclic virtues. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apidcece. Ornamental species ; for culture, &c. 
see Angilica. Synonymes: 1, Angelica atro- 
purpurea. 2, A. archangilica. 
officlniills 2 . Green 7, H. B. 4 England, wat pL 
airopurpHrea 1. 

Archill. See Rocdlla Unctdria. 

Arctium, Linn. From arIeto,% a bear ; in allu- 
sion to the rough bristly fruit. Liniu 19, Or. 
1, Nat Or. AsteracecB. Mere weeds, of the 
simplest culture. The seeds of A. Barddna 
are diuretic, diaphoretic, and gently purgative. 
Synonymes: \, A. tomerUdsa. 2, A. mdjor. See 
Berardia — Bard^na 1, Ldppa 2, minus. 

ArctocAlyx, Fenzl. Arktos^ a bear, and calyx 
— shagginess of calyx. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Uesnerdcece. The treatment of shrubby 
Gesnerads suits this genus well. A cool humid 
stove heat, and cuttings of the stem root readily 
in heat. 
Endlicheri&na Tel. crim. 4, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Vera Cruz. 1849 

AncTOGkRON, De Candolle. From arktos, a bear, 
and geron^ an old man. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asterdcece. See Erig^n. 

Arct6pus, Linn. From arktoSf a bear, and pouSj 
a foot ; alluding to the spines which beset the 
plant, and which have been compared to the 
claws of a bear. Linn. 23, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
ApidceoR. An interesting species, which should 
be grown in a mixture of peat, sand, and loam ; 
it may be increased by oividing the plant or 
by seeds. 
echin4tus . . Green 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 

ArctostXphtlos, Adanson. Derived from ark- 
tus, a bear, and staphyle, a ^ape ; in allusion 
to the roughness of tihe fruit. Linn. 10, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. EricdcecR. Interesting species ; for 
culture, &c. B&^ArhUu^s. Synonymes: 1, Xrhu- 
tus alpina. 2, A. discolor^ A. nUida, 8, Are- 
tostdphyhs tomentdsa. 4, Arhitus tfva-iarn. 
See Vacdneum. 

alp)na 1 . . Flesh 4, H. De. TK ( 8oofland . znts. 
califdmica . White 3, H. Ev. a 1 California. 



ARC 



45 



ARE 



nftldA S . . White 8, F. Ev. B. 4 Mexico . 1830 
pOngeoB 8 . White 8, F. ISv. 8. 1 Mexico . 1889 
dva-lbni 4 . White 4, H. Ev. Tr. i Britain, heaths. 
Abctoth^a, Wendland. From arktos, a bear, 
and thekey capsule ; so named from the rough- 
ness of the fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
A aterdeecB. Ornamental species, grown in turfy 
loam, or loam and peat, and increased by divi- 
sions. Synonyme: 1, Arcldtis scapig^m. 
hlpta . . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 
rtpens 1 . . Yellow 7, G. Her. F. 1 C. G. H. . 17tf3 

ABcrdns, Linn. Derived from arktos, a bear, 
and ous, an ear ; shaggy fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. AsteriUeas. Showy interesting 
species; for culture, &c. see Arctothtca and 
Sphen6gyn^. 

acahlJa . . YeL red . 6. G. Her. P. \ C. G. H. 1759 
aoguBtifMis Parple 8, G. Et. S. l} 
arbordeoonB Wht. pnk. 7, G. Ev. 



argdntea . Orange 
tepera . . Yellow 
auredla . . Orange 
aurieolikta . Yellow 
bloolor . . Wht red 
breviflc&pa . Oran. br. 
Ciner&ria . Yel. oran. 
chprea . . YeL pur. 
decAmbona Yellow 
decOrrons . Wht. red 
oULtior . . YeL pur. 
fiiatudfla . Oran. red 
. Wht. red 
. YeL pur. 



G. 

8, G. Ev. 
8, G. Ev. 
7, G. Ev. 
7, G. Ev. 



0, G. Her. P. 1 

7, G. Her. P. U 

7, G. Ev. 8. ij 



lUocida 
glAbr4ta 



8. 14 C. G. H. 1739 
8. U C. G. H. 1818 
B. 1 C.G. H. 1774 
8. IJ C. G. H. 1710 
8. 1 C. G. H. 1710 
C. G. H. 1795 
C. G. H. 1812 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 1824 
C. G. H. 1823 
C. G. H. 1700 
C. Q. H. 1794 
C. G. H. 1820 
C. G. H. 1796 



a 1 

8. 1 



C. G. H. 1794 
C. G. H. 1820 



8, G. Her. P. 1 
7, G. Ev. a 1* 

7, G. Ev. a. \\ 
6, G. B. 2 
0, G. A. 1 

. 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 

*^^^^lia I YeL pur. 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1794 

^— - • - " B. U C. G. H. 1774 

8. ]| C. G. H. 1812 

8. 1 C. G. H. 1812 

5, G. Ev. a 1 C. G. H. 1816 

6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1768 

8, G. Her. P. f C. G. H. 1795 

6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1820 

9, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1798 

7, G. Ev. a U C. G. H. 1812 
6, G. A. l| C. G. H. 1795 

Oran. pur. 6, G. Ev 8. 1 G. G. H. 1825 

Wht. rod 6, G. Hor. P. 1 C. G. H. 1794 

Orange 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1795 

YeUow 7, H. A. 1 C. G. H. 1816 



grandifldra Pa. yel. 6, G. 
macul&ta . Wht. oran. 6, G. Ev. 
melanoclcla Wht. pur. 6, G. Ev. 
poiiicul&to . Wht red 
plantagfnea Oningo 
r^tana . . Wht red 
•^^ . YeUow 

.Pink 

. Yellow 

.Orange 



revolhta 
rdaca 
spedbsa 
apinul<yea 
squarrtea 
triccdor . 
unduULta 
vlrgJLta . 



Arcua™), I ^°* ^® * ^°^' forming an arch. 

Ascf RIA, Persoon, So called from arkys, a net ; 
alluding to the net-like appearance of the 
fibres. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Lycoperddceoc 
Extremely small productions, found upon rot- 
ten wood. Synonyme: 1. Trichia denucUUa. 
— flkva, incamkta, leucoc^phala, punicea 1. 

Ardens, bright, glowing, burnished. 

ARDfsiA, Stoartz. A name derived from ardis^ 
a spear-point ; alluding to the acute segments 
of the corolla. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myr- 
sindteeoB. Mostly handsome free-flowering spe- 
cies, of easy culture, succeeding well in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat ; cuttings root freely in 
sand, plunged in neat, under a glass ; or they 
may be increased from portions of the root, 
planted in a pot of mould leaving the points 
out, and plunged in a brisk bottom-heat Sy- 
nonymea: I, Icadrea guitmUnsis. 2, Ard^tia 
erendUa. S, Mpraine Bcberdhiia. 4, Ardlsia 
ereniddta. 5, A, umbelUUa. 6, A. pyrami- 
ddlis. 

aeuminAta 1. Red . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 7 Guiana . 1808 
caxuOlcul&ta. White . 7, 8. Ev. a 6 .1821 





Red . 


. 7, G. Ev. a 10 Canjuies 


1820 


c<doi-&ta . 


.Red . 


. 7, a Ev. a 10 E. Ind. 


.1816 


complan&ta 
eoriacea . 


.Pink . 


. 7, a Ev. 8. 6 Penang 


.1824 


. Scarlet 


. 7. a Er. a 7 Antilles 


.1824 


croiiul&ta 


.Rod . 


. 7, 8. Ev. a 6 W. Ind. 


. 1809 


Slogans 2. 


.Red . 


. 8, a Ev. 8. 10 E. Ind. 


.1809 


exc^LsaS . 


.Red . 


. 7, G. Ev. T. 30 Madeira 


.1784 


hymon^dra Pink . 


. 7, G. Ev. a 4 SUhet 


.1828 


hhmilia . 


.Red . 


. 7, 8. Ev. a 3 Ceylon 


.1820 


lanceolata 


. Red . 


. 7, a Ev. a 6 R Ind. 


.1820 


laterifl6ra 


White 


. 7. a Ev. a 6 W. Ind. 


.1798 


lontigin68a 4 Wht aa 


. 7, 8. Ev. a 6 China 


.1814 


littorJlLllii 5 


.Red . 


. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 B. Ind. 


.1809 


macroc&rpa 


. Floah. 


. 7, G. Ev. a 6 Nepal 


.1824 


Mexic&na 


.Pink . 


. 7. 8. Ev. a 6 Mexico 




odontoph^^Ua Balm, red 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Bengal 


!lS34 


panicuUta6 


.Rod . 


. 7, a Ev. a 12 E. Ind. 


. 1818 


pubtfscens 


.White 


.7, G.Bv. a 6 


.1820 


puncti^ta . 


.White 


. 7, a Ev. 8. 10 China 


.1823 




.Red . 


. r, a Ev. T. 2d 8an.Crua. 1818 


Bcrrulikta . 


.Red . 


. 7, a Ev. a 8 W. Ind. 


.1821 


Sieb61dtii 


.Pink . 


. 7, 8. Ev. a 6 E. Ind. 




Bolfln&cea. 


.Red . 


. 8, a Ev. 8. 10 E. Ind. 


.' 1798 


thyrsifldra 


.Pink . 


. 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 Nepal 


. 1824 


tinlf51ia . 


.Red . 


. 7, a Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. 


.1820 



ArduIna, Linn. In honour of Pietro Arduini, 
curator of the economical garden of Padua. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. ApocynaeecB. These 
pretty species may bo treated as recommended 
for Carlssa. 

biapinftBa . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . . 1760 
grandiflftra . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . . 

ARfccA, Linn. When an old tree, it is called in 
Malabar areeCf when quite young, Pcrynqa. 
Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat Or.* Palmdcem. This 
most beautifiil genus of palms succeeds best in 
light sandy loam, and can be increased only 
from seeds. The well-known Betel Nut is the 
fruit of A. Catechu, and remarkable for its 
narcotic or intoxicating power ; from the fruit 
is prepared a kind of spurious CateckH. It 
seems, however, doubtful whether the intoxi- 
cating effect ol the Betel Nut, which is cut in 
slices, folded in the aromatic leaves of the 
Betel pepper Nut (Piper Betel), and chewed in 
the mouth like tobacco, is not owing to the 
Piper leaf, in which it is wrapped when eaten, 
rather than to any special property of its own. 
Synonymea: 1, A. borbdntea. 2, EuUrpc 
pUifera^ E. olerduxosvar. 3, A. B&nkaii. 
Aba 1 . . . Wht BtrL . 6, 8. Palm SO I.Boivb. 1820 
Catechh . . White . . 5, 8. Pahn 80 E. Ind. . 1090 
^~ " . 6, a Palm 20 8.Franoe 1824 

. 6, a Palm 80 W. Ind. . 1828 
. 6, a Pohn 6 E. Ind. . 1814 
. 6, a Palm 20 I.France 1824 
. 6, a Palm 80 8. Amer. 1822 
. 6. a Pahn 20 Java. . 1864 
. 6. 8. Pahn 30 8. Amer. 1820 
. 4, a Palm 40 W. Ind. . 1656 
. 6, a Palm so Maurit . 1823 
aftptda s . . w. Btn. pK. 6, 8. Palm 20 Norfk. 1. 1826 
truKndra . . White . . 6, a Palm 20 E. Ind. . 1825 

Areh5nia, De Candolle. Said to be altered from 
Affrim&nia. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. MosAoecc. 
Merely ornamental ; for culture, &c. see Agri- 
mdnia. Syiumyme: 1, Agrim^ia agrimo- 
noldea. 
agrimonoldee 1 . Yellow . 7, H. Hor. P. 1 Italy . 1739 

ArbnIria, growing among sand. 

ArenAria, Linn. From arena, sand ; referring 
to the sandy situation in which most of the 
species are found. Linn. 10, Or. 8, Nat Or. 
Alsin/d^ce^ Diminutive plants, of the easiest 



crintta 


.White . 


exllia . . 


.White . 


hhmills . 


.White . 


lut^ecena 


.White . 


Mlbiicot . 


.White . 


monost&jhya White . 


TncVifAni^ . 


. White . 


olerikcea . 


.White . 


rhbra2 . 


. Pk. wht 



ARE 



46 



ARG 



culture. Synonymcs : 1, -4. Villarsii; 2, A. 
macrocdrpa ; 3, A. sibiriea ; 4, A. fastigiHUa ; 
6, A. liniflbra: 0, A. filifblia ; 7, A. glcMr- 
rinia; 8, A. margindta; 9, A. marina; 10, 



^. androsdcea; 11 


A. cktrUri folia \ 12, A, 


heUromdkUa , 


13, A 


.pangens; 


14, A. visdbsa. 


austrtacal . 


.Wbt,l 


\H.Hor. P. { 


^Austria . 


.17»3 


iMleJirica . 


. Whtl 


r.H.Ev. Tr. 


Majorca 
Switaerl. 


.1787 


blfl6ra . . 


.WhtJ 


J, H. Her. P. 


.1818 


brevicaUiB . 


.Wht] 


', H. Her. P. 


Alp. Eur. 


.1828 


ccespitftsa . 


. Wht.7 


,H.Her.P. 


SvritserL 


.1826 


calycina . . 


. Wht 1 


,H. A. 


Barbary. 


.1816 


oalycul&ta . 


.Wht7 


,H.Her.P. 


Hungary 


. 1817 




.Red 7 


.H. A, 


N. Amer. 


.1812 


canteens 2 


. Wht. 7 


, H. Her. P. 




.1817 


capilliksea . 


.Wht.7 


,H. A. 


Piedmont 


. 1819 


capillAris S . 


. Wht.7 


, H. Her. P. 


Siberia . 


.1820 


cherlerioldes 


. Wht. 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Franco . 




cili&U . . 


.Wht i 


, H. Her. P. 


Ireland . 


mnts. 


coimbrlc^nsis 


.Wht 7 


,H. A. 


Portugal 
Daburia. 


.1817 


dahtuica . 


.Wht 7 


,U.Hcr.P. 


.1824 


d^nsa . . 


. Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Hungary 
Scotland 


. 1824 


fascicumta . 


.Wht 7 


,H. A. 


mnts. 


filifblia . . 


.Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Arabia . 




formdiia . . 


. Wht e 


, H. Her. P. 


Dahuria 


". 1824 


Gerirdie . 


. Whtfl 


, H. Her. P. 


France . 


. 1822 


g1andul68a . 
glomer&ta . 


. Pur. fl 
.Wht 7 


,H. A. 
,H. A. 


Europe. 
Tnuria . 


. 1820 
.1818 


graminifblia d 


.Wht 7 


. H. Her. P. 


r Siberia . 


.1817 


glabdrrima 


7 Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


CaucasuB 


.1816 


grandiflbra . 
Hdlmii . . 


.Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


SwitzcrL 


. 1783 


.Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Siberia . 


. 1826 


hirstita . . 


.Wht 7 


, H. Her P. 


CaucasuB 


. 1820 


Imbricita . 


.Wht 7 


,H. Her.P. 


Caucasus 


. 1820 


luniperlna . 
laiiccolAta . 


.Wht 7 


. H. Her. P. 


Siberia . 


. 1800 


. Whte 


, H. Her. P. 


SwitzerL 


.1823 


laricif6Ua . 


.Whtf 


I. H. Her. P. 


Britain . 


Ba.pL 


longifblia . 


.Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Siberia . 


. 1823 


macroG&rpa 


.Wht 7 


,H.Her.P. t 


N. Amer. 


. 1810 


marina 8 


.Pur 7 


.H.Her. P. 


Germany 


.1793 


margin&ta . 
mediterr&iiea 


.Wht 7 


,H. De. Tr. 


Caucasus 


.1818 


. Whtfl 


,H. A. 


Mcditerr. 


. 1828 


monUna 


.Wht( 


J, H. Her. P. 


France . 


.1800 


multicaUliB 


. Wht 7 


, H.Her. P. 


Europe . 
Siberia . 


. 1814 


xumlif61ia . 


. Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


. 1827 


nemor&sa . 


. Whtf 


, H. Her. P. 


8. Amer. 


. 1832 


norvbgica . 
otitoldefl 10 


. Wht 7 


,H.Her.P. 


Scotland 


. mts. 


. Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Siberia . 


. 1820 


p^ndula . . 


.Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Hungary 


.1816 


peploldea . 


. Wht ( 


J,H.Ev. Cr. 


Britain . 


seash. 


pinifblia. . 


.Wht 7 


r, H. Her. P. 


Caucasus 


. 1823 


polygonoldoa 
proc^ra . . 


.Red 7 


\ H.Her. P. 


SwiteerL 


.1822 


.Wht' 


r, H. Her. P. 


Siberia . 


. 1820 


proctimbeni} 


.Pur. 7 


r, F. De. Tr. 


ArcfipL* 


. 1801 




.Wht 7 


r, H. Her. P. 


.1820 


purplirea . 


.Wht 7 


,H. A. 


Spain . 
Hungary 


.1823 


raznoslssima 


. Wht 7 


, H. B. 


. 1816 


rocfirva . . 


.Wht 7 


,H. Her.P. 


AlpsT . 


. 1822 


riglda . . 


.Wht 7 


, H.Her. P. 


Siberia . 


.1823 


ro«ta*ta . . 


.Whte 


,H.Her.P. 


Hungary 
Britain . i 


. 1816 


rubra. . . 


. Pur. 7 


,H. A. 


lan. fi. 


rubella 11 . 


.Red ' 


r,H.Her.P. 


Scotland 


.mts. 




.Pur. 7 


,H. A. 


Bohemia 


. 1820 


aaxAtilia. . 


.Wht 7 


r, H. Her. P. 


; Germany 


.1782 


Bcdbra . . 


.Wht 7 


^H.Her.P. 


Alp. Eur. 


. 1822 


fletftceal3 . 


.Wht 7 


r, H.Her. P. 


France . 




•trUta . . 


. Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


SwitaerL 


!lf83 


Btrfcta . . 


.Wht 7 


, H.Her. P. 


N. Amer. 


. 1812 


BubuUta IS 


.Whtfl 


,H. Her.P. 


Caucasus 


. 1822 


tonuifMia . 


.Wht r 


,H. A. 


England, Ban. fi.' 


BarreUM 


.Wht 7 


, H. A. 


S. France 


. 1820 


b^brida . 
TiaddtLlaM 


.Wht.7 


. H. A. 


S. Franco 


.1827 


. Wht 7 


. H. A. 


• France . 


. 1818 


tctraqutftxa 


.Wht 8 


s H. Her. P. 


Pyrenees 


.1731 


trifldra. . 


.Wht, 7 


, H. Her. P. 


S. Eur. 


.1816 


triifadra . 


.Wht 7 


,H. A. ; 




. 1817 


trin^rvis . 


Whte 


, H. A. 


Britain 


woods 


v^ma . . 


Wht 7 


, H. Hot. P. 


Britain . 


.mts. 


verticillAta 


Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. 


Armenia 


.1823 


uUgindsa . 


Wht 7 


, H. Her. P. ; 


SwitzerL 


.1810 


mfedia 9, serpyllifblia. 






Ab^nqa, Ldh, Name not er 


alained by the 


author. Un%, 21, 


Or. 8, Nftt. 


Or. Palmdcec^. 



A very useful and interesting Palm. In its 
native country the fibres attached to tlie petioles 
are twisted into ropes, the medulla of the trunk 
is used as sago, and the saccharine juice forms 
excellent sugar. For culture, &c., see GomiUus, 
saccharifera . Yellow B. Palm. . Asiatic Is. . 1830 

Areoue, little spaces on areas on the surface of 
anything ; the spaces between the cracks in the 
lichens are the areolse. 

ARETBtrsA, Swarta, A nymph of Diana's, 
who was changed into a fountain ; applied to 
this genus on account of the habit of the 
plants. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddasce. 
The species of this genus are handsome, espe- 
cially A. bulinisa, which has a large fine lilac 
flower terminating each stem ; it requires to be 
kept in the greenhouse, and to be grown in a 
peaty soil, very moist, with the pots well 
drained. A. plicata docs not require to bo kept 
quite so moist. See BarthoRna and Pogbnia, 
bulb6^ . . Wht ro. 6, G. Ter. | Carolina . 
pUc&ta . . Yel. pnk. 7, S. Ter. 1 E. lad. . . 1806 

Ar^ia, Willdenow. Called after Benoit A retius, 
a SiKiss, professor in the university of Berne. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Primuldcecc Minute 
interesting species, crowing best on rock-work 
or in pots. Sandy loam and peat suit them, 
and they are multiplied by dividing the roots. 
Syrwnyme: 1, Andr6sac6 ArHia. 
alplna . . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. J SwitrerL 1775 
argtotea . . White . 6, P. Her. P. i Switrcrl. 1826 
helvdtica 1 . White . 6, H. Her. P. * Switserl. 1775 
ptib^acens . White . 6, H. Her. P. I SwitserL 1824 
Vitahina . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. J Pyrenees 1787 

Arctium, SpUtgerher. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PolypodiaceoR. See Aertslichum. 
citrif6Uum . Br. yeL . 8, 8. Her. P. ^ W. Ind. . 

ArgAnia, Schouah. From argam, its aboriginal 
name. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. SapoidcecB. A 
very fine tree, succeeding in common soil, and 
increased freely by layers or cuttings^ The 
wood is so close and hard, as to sink in water. 
Synonymes: 1, SiderOxylan tpinosum, EloaxUn- 
dron Argdnia. 
Bider6xylon 1 Gm. yeL 7, 8. Ev. T. 15 Morocco . 1711 

Argem5ne, Toume/ort. Named from its sup- 
posed medicinal qualities ; from argeina, cata-. 
ract of the eye. Linn. 13, Or. 1,. Nat. Or. 
Papaverdcea. Very interesting dwarf species, 
succeeding well in common sou, and increased 
by suckers. Synonym& : 1, interTtUdia, 
alblflbra . . White . 7, H. A. 1^ Mexico 

Barclai&na 1 Cream . 6, F. Her. P. 6 Mexico 
grandiflbra . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Mexico 
mexicAna . Yellow 7, H. A. 4 Mexico 

ochrolehca . Sulphur 7, H. A. li Mexico 

specibsa . . Cream . 6, H. Her. P. if Mexico 

ArgolAsia, Jussieu. Named from argos, white, 
and lasioSf woolly ; in reference to the calyx 
being white and velvety on the outside. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Hcemodordcem. An orna- 
mental species ; for culture, &c., see Loph\oUi, 
Synonyme: 1, Landria pluindsa, 
plumbBa . . White. . 6, G. Her. P. 1| C. G. H. 1787 

Argol. See Roccilla Hnctbria. 

Argyr^iia, Lcniriero. Named in reference to 
the white silvery texture of the leaves ; from 



1821 
1827 
1827 
1502 
1827 



A£I 



47 



ARI 



argyreioB^ silvery. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Convolvuldcece. A very fiue genus of extensive 
growing climbers, requiring a good deal of time 
and pot-room before they bloom. A. curuhla 
is dwarf, and produces an abundance of elegant 
flowers : light rich soil, or sandy loam and peat 
mizcd, suits them well ; cuttings in the same 
kind of soil, under a glass, root freely. Syno- 
nynus: 1, LetUhmia bbna-nJbx; 2, Ipomaa 
capitdta; 3, Z. cunedita; 4, X. eymdsa; 5, 
JpomdM MaXahdrica; 6, L, omdUa; 7, L. po- 
macea; 8, Ipom^ speciosa^ Lettudmia nervi^ ; 
9, L. spUndens; 10, X. unifiora ; 11, Eivea 
hirsiUaf A, Choisydiui. 

b6iiA-n6x . . White 7, 8. Ev. Tii. 20 E. Ind- . 1799 
capiUta 2 . Purple 7, S. £v. TwL 10 K Ind. . 1823 
cune&ta 3 . Purple 8, S. Ev. Tu. 10 R Ind. . 1822 
cym6aa 4 . Pink . . 8. Lv. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 182S 
festtva . . White 7. S. Ev. Twi. 10 India . . 1838 
hirsbta 11 . Purple 8, B. Ev. Twi. 11 K Ind. . 1850 
Malab^ca 5 Cream 7, S. Ev. Twi. 10 K lud. . 1823 
om&U « . . White 7, 8. Ev. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1824 
pomAcea 7 . Pink 6, 8. Ev. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
aetbaa . . . Pink 8, 8. Ev. TwL 10 Nepul . . 1818 
specidea 8 . Red 7, 8. Ev. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
iipl^hxdcna 9 . Pink 7, 8. Ev. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1820 
unifl5ra 10 . White 7, 8. Ev. Tu. 25 E. Ind. . 1817 

Aria. See Pprus Aria. 

Ariditt, dr>-nc8s. 

ArieiInum, resembling a ram's head. 

ARfi^ ( a process of the placenta adhering to 

ARfi?T.na J *^® hilum of seeds ; a peculiar sub- 
' ( stance covering the seeds. 

Arillate, having that peculiar appendage called 
arillus. A term only applied to seeds. 

ArkSfsis, Oraham. From arorif Arnro, and opaiSf 
sight ; from the likeness to Arum in habit, &c. 
Linn. Nat. Or. Araceoe. A very curious plant, 
discovered by J. S. Law, Esq. , in Bombay. It 
grows freely in light sandy soil, and may bo 
readily propagated by suckers and division. 
Synonyme: 1, JRemiisatia vivipara, Calddium 
viviparum, Arum viviparum. 
peltAta 1 . TeL pur. 8, 8. Her. P. 1^ Bombay . 184^ 

ArisAruic, ToumefoH. A Greek word. Linn' 
21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Ardoea. A curious plant, 
of little interest, and easily grown iu sandy 
loam, with a little peat. Synonyme ; 1, Arum 
Ariadrum. 
vulgire 1 ^ . Lgt yoL 5, P. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1596 

AmsAiMA, Bentham. Derivation unknown. Linn. 
21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracecs. A small stomless 
genus, with tuberous roots, like those of the 
common Arum, purple-stalked pedate leaves, 
and a pink or purple spathe from five to six 
inche3 long. It was discovered in shady woods 
near Horelia by Mr. Hartweg, who sent it to 
the Horticultural Society. Synonyme : 1, Arum 
M^rrayi, 

macrosp&tha Pink 7, O. Tu. P. 1 Morelia . 1839 
Mfirrayi I . Purple «, 8. Tu. P. 1 8. Amer. . 1847 
pidsoox . . Pur. gfr. 7, O, Tu. P. 1 Japan . . 1860 

Ariotate, ) having a beard or awn, as the 

Aristated, S glume of barley. 

ARfBTEA, Ker, Named in reference to the 
bearded leaves, from arista^ a point or beard. 
Linn, 3, Or. 1, Nat Or. Iridaceas. A pretty 
genus, thriving well in loam and peat, and in- 



creased by seeds or divisions. A, capitdta 
should be planted in peat. 

capitAta . . Blue . . 7, G. Her. P. 8 C. G. H. 1700 
cytoea . . Blue . . 6, O. Her. P. ^ C. G. H. 1759 
melaletica . Pa. blue . 6, G. Her. PI C. G. H. 1796 
pusIUa . . Blue . . 7, G. Her. P. i C. G. H. 1806 
BpirUiB . . Pa. blue . 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1795 

AristIda, Linn. Derived from arista, an ear of 
com. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gramindcece, 
These plants are not worth cultivating. See 
ChcBtdria. 

Btipoldofl . . Apetal . 6. Grass. 1^ N. Holland 1826 
vAgana . . Apotal . 6, Graiia. 2 N. Holland 1816 

ArIstolochiAce^. a small order of climbing 
herbaceous, and half-shrubby plants, bearing 
mottled and singularly-shaped flowers. The 
common Birthwort {Aristolbchia ClematUU) is a 
British example. 

ARiSTOiibcHiA, Linn. So named from aristos, 
best, and loclicia, parturition ; its supposed 
medical qualities. Linn. 20, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Aristolochidccac. This id a remarkable genus, 
the flowers having more or less the appearance 
of a honi. The most suitable compost is a 
mixture of sandy loam and peat, with a very 
little well-decomposed duug. Cuttings root 
readily in sand, under a gluss in heat. Syno- 
nymes: I, A. rlngens; 2, A. grandifldra ; 3, 
A. trilobdia. 

acuminata . Purple 6, 8.Ev.Cl. 10 Mauritius 1822 
angulclda . Or. red. 5, S.Ev.CL 10 N.Qrenada 1845 
arlxSrca . . Br. pur. 6, S.Ev.CI. 20 N. Grenada, 
arbor^scona . Y. pur. 7, G.Ev.S. 20 America . 1737 
Arklbisa . . Purple 7, H.De.CL20 Arkansas . 1824 
barl)&ta . . Purple 7, S.Ev.CL 10 Caraccas . 1796 
biloUta . . Purple 7, B.Ev.Cl. 10 8. America 1824 
bdBtica . . .Purple 7, H.De.Cl. 5 Spain . .1596 
bractelLta . . Purple 7, S. Ev. Tr. 3 E. Indies . 1793 
brasilidnsis 1 . Yellow 8, S.Ev.CL 20 BnuU . . 1820 
caudlita . . Lurid . 6, S.De.Tu. SBnutil . . 1828 
chU^nslB . . Pur.gr. 9, F.De.CL 10 W. Indies 1832 
fdetens . . . Pur. yl. 6, S.Ev.CL 20 W. Indies 1882 
cili&ta . . . Pur. yL 8, G.Ev.Tu. 6 B. Ay res . 1886 
cilibsa . . . Pur.gr. 9, S.Ev.Tu. 6N.Ptttagonl836 
Clemaatis . Yellow 7, H.Her.P. 2 Britain woods 
cymblfera . Purple 7, S.Ev.CL 20 St. PauL . 1820 
fifetlda . . . Purple 7, 8.Ev.CL 20 Mexico . 1822 
gUhca . . . Purple 7, G.Ev.CL 6 Barbary . 1786 
grandiflbra .Purple 7, 8.£v.CL 10 Jamaica .1824 
gigant^ . . YeL bn. 7, S.Ev.Tw.20 BnusU . .1844 
Glgas 2 . . Wht.br. 6, S.Ev.Tw.lO Guatemala 1842 
hyperb<Si-ea .Purple 6, 8. Do. Tw. 20 India . .1836 
hast4ta . . Purple 7, S.Ev.CL 16 Cuba . . 1822 
hirta . . . Purple 6, G.Her.P. 3 Chio . . 1769 
Indica . . . Purple 7, 8.Ev.CL 10 E. Indies . 1780 
labiftsa . . . Pr.gr. y. 7, S.Ev.Tu, 20 Braal . . 1821 
leuooneUia . Pur. br. 9, S.Do.CL 12 N.Grenada 1863 
Wnga . . . Purple 7, H.Ue.Tr.2 8. Europe 1648 
macradtoia . Gr.br. y. 4, S.Ev.CL 20 Mexico . 1848 
mixiroa . . Purple 7, S.Ev.CL 20 N. Spain . 1769 
odoratlseima . Purple 7, 8.Ev-CL 10 Jamaica . 1787 
umithoc^phala Pur.br. 10, S.Ev.Tu. 20 BruEil . . 1838 
pfllida . . . W. pur. 7, H.Her.P. 2 Italy . . 1640 
pandurifbrmis Purple 7, S.Ev.CL 10 Caraccas . 1828 
picta .... Purple 4. S.Ev.CL 20 P. Cabul . 1849 
Pistolbchia . Purple 7, H.De.Tr. 2 8. Europe 1597 
ringens . . . Pr.gr. y. 7, S.Ev.CL 20 Brazil . . 1820 
rotSnda . . Dk.pur. 7, G.Her.P. 2 8. Europe 1696 
eacdLta. . . Ppflh.rd.9, S.Ev.Tu. 20 Silhet . .1829 
sagltt4ta . . Purple 7, H.Her.P. 1 N. Amor. 1819 
sempervlrens Purple 6, G. Ev.Tr. 4 Candia . 1727 
SerpentAria . Dk.pur. 7, ILDe.Tr. 1 N. Amer. 1632 
Blpfxo . . .YeL br. 7, H.De.CL80 N. Amer. 1768 

• Burlnam&isis 3 YeUow 8, S.Ev.CL 20 Surinam . 1823 
ThwMtosii . . Gm. yeL S.Ev.CL 8 Ceylon . 1866 
tomentdea . .Purple 7, H.De.CL20 N. Amer. 1799 
trifida . . .Green 8.De.Tu. 16 Caraccas . 
triloUita . . Purple 6. S.Ev.CL 8 8. Amer. . 1775 



AM 



48 



ARP 



Akistot^lia, WtHdenow. In memory of Aris- 
totlo. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tilidcece. 
This 08 a shrub is showy, but its flowers have 
little beauty. In a warm situation it grows 
freely, in common soil, and ripened cuttings 
dbon take, as do also layers. It produces eat- 
able berries. 

Mtfcqul . Wht gr. 6, H. Ev. a 4 Chile . . 1785 
.vari«g&ta Wht gr. 6, F. Ev. 8. 4 Gardens . 

ARifiTOTELilcELE. See TiliaceoB. 

ArkInsa. See Aristoldchia Arkdnsa. 

ArmenIaca, Toumefort. Named from the apri- 
cot being originally from Armenia. Linn. 12, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Drupdocoi. A genus of valu- 
able fniit trees, as is at once apparent from its 
containing the well-known apricot. The spe- 
cies all thrive well in a rich loamy soil, and are 
best increased by budding on kind free-growing 
plum stocks. A. vulgdriif or common apricot, 

I>roduces a round, yellow, firmish-fleshed fruit, 
ittle less esteemed than the peach or nectarine ; 
it is used fresh from the tree at the dessert, and 
is also made into jellies, preserves, &c. ; from 
the clarified juice the Chinese make lozenges, 
which, dissolved by water, yield a grateful 
beverage ; the nut yields a kind of oil, and the 
young shoots a fine golden colour to wool. 
Synonymea: 1, Priinus hrigant\aca; 2, P. 
dasycdrpa; 8, P. sihirica; 4, P. artneniaca; 
5, A. pcduncuUUa. 

brlgantlaca 1 . Pink . 8, H. De. S. 8 S. Eur. . ISIO 

dn^cArpA 2 . White .4 H. Do. T. 12 lievant . 1800 

ponicifdlia . Pink . 4, H. De. T. 15 liovant . 1800 

sibfrica 8 . . Pink . 4. H. De. S. 6 Siberia . 1788 

vulgaris 4 . . Whifo . 4, H. Do. T. 15 Levant . 1548 

cordif6Iia . . White . 3, H. De. T. 16 Levant . 1648 

ovalifdlla . . White . 3, H. De. T. 15 Levant . 1548 

fldra plteo 6 . White . 4, H. De. T. 5 Gardens 

fol. varit^tis White . 4, H. De. T. 5 Oardens 

Arh^RIA, Willdenow. Armeria is the Latin 
name of Sweetwilliam. Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. 
Or. PlumbaginiUxoe. These plants though 
dwarf are handsome, and well adapted for 
ornamenting rock-work ; they may also be 
grown in pots, in sandy, opnen, rich soil. A. 
vulgaris, or common thrift, is considered next 
to box the most valuable for edging walks, 
borders, &c. Synonynu: 1, A. scbbra, 2, 
Stdtice amUria. 

aUllLcoa . . . White 6, B. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1798 
alplna .... Porp- 7, H. Her. P. 4 Carinthia 
aren&ria . . . Pink 6, H. Her. P. { France . 
cephaldtes . . Pink 0, H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1800 
denticuULta . . Floeh 0, H. Her. P. 14 Naples . 1816 
diantholdes . . Pink 6, H. Her. P. {Europe . 1810 
fMoicuI&ta . . Pun>. 7, O. Ev. S. 2 Portugal, 
hirta . . . .Pink 7, H. Her. P. 4N.AMca.l820 
hUmilia . . .Pink 6, H. Her. P. XS. Eur. .1817 
h^brida . . . Red 6, H. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 
luniperifMia . Pink 6, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1818 
laUfdlia . . . Ltred7, H. Her. P. 2 Algiirbia. 1740 
littorilia . . . Pink 7, H. Hot. P. 1 S. Eur. . 
mader^nda 1 . Pink 8, H. Her. P. 1 Madeira . 
marltima 2 . . Bed 7, H. Her. P. Brt.8eaco. 
xnont&na . . .Pink 6, H. Her. P. IScotmts. 
pinifdlia . . . Pink 6, H. Her. P. 1 Portugal . 
planta^nea . . Red 6, H Hor. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1818 
pttngentf . . .Pink 6, H. Her. P. iSpain. .1818 
Fopo4na . . . Red 6, H. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 
Bcorzonenof&lla . Scarlt 6, H. Her. P. 1 B. Eur. . 1816 
vuh;&ri8 . . .Red 7, H. Her. P. 4Europe . 

tflba . . . . White Q, H. Her. P. XOardena . 

coccfnea . . Bed 9, H. Her. P. {Oardcns . 



ArmorAcia, Pliny. The horse-radish. Linn. 
15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. BrassicduxoB, See Cockle- 
dria. 

ArmillAris, like a bracelet. 

Arn^bia, De Candolle.. Name of Arabic origin. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Boragindcea. Orna- 
mental plants, requiring the same soil and 
treatment as .if icAt25a, to which they are neariy 
allied. Synonyme: 1, Lyedpsis cchitMeSf An- 
cMtsa ecfiioldeSf Lithospirmum erict%im. 
echioldes 1 . YelL pur. 6, H. Her. P. | Caucasus 1840 
Grimthii . YelL pur. 6, O. Her. P. { Cabul . 1S60 

Arkica, Linn. Derived from amakia, a lamb's 
skin, because of the likeness of the leaves. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asterdicece. The 
species are dwarf and interesting. A. montdna 
is a powerful sternutatory, and has besides 
many important medicinal properties. Syno- 
nyme: If A. montdna. See Bellididsirum. 
Clhsii . . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Swits. . 1819 
cordAto . . YeUow . 7, H. Her. P. \ Swita. . 1819 
cdrsica . . . YeUow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Corsica . 1824 
DortSnJcum . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Austria. 1816 

glad&lis . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Swita. . 1828 
clv^tica 1 . YeUow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Swita. . 1819 
lanlgera . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. f Italy . 1827 
mont&na . . Yellow . 7, H. Hor. P. 1 Europe . 1781 
Bcorpioldof . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. i Austria . 1710 

Arnop5oon, Willdenow. Taken fi-om amotf 
lamb, and pogon, beard ; in allusion to the 
bearded seeds. Linn, 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aslerdcca. These are pretty flowering plants, 
and easily cultivated ; the seed merely requires 
sowing in the border, and treating as other 
annuals. Synonymes: 1, Uroap&rmum capinse; 
2, U. Dalechdmpii. 

tfsper . . . Yollow . 7, H. A. H MontpL 1774 

capdnsLs 1. . YeUow . 7, H. B. 1 C. O. H. 1818 

Dalecb&upii2 I«t yoL 7, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1789 
picroldcs . . YeUow . 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 18SS 

Arn^seris, De Candolle. Derivation unknown. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AsUrdcece, See 
Ify6seri3. 

Arn<3tta, or Arnotto. See Btxa Orelldna. 

Ar6ma, the spicy quality of a thing. 

AROiDkas. See Ardceos. 

AronoAnia. See Har&nga. 

Ar5nia. See Cratdngns Ardnia. 

Ar<5nicum, I>e Candolle. Derivation unknown. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. See 
Arnica. 
altalcum . . YeUow . 7, H. Bar. P. 1 Siberia . 1783 

Arpoph^llum, La Llave. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchiddcem. *'Some of the most 
gi*aceful and beautiful of the Mexican Orchid- 
dceoB reccntlv introduced. The stems of A. 
spiedta are slender, and a foot or a foot and a 
half high, with the sheaths as rough as shagreen 
leather; it is terminated by one long curved 
leaf, from the axil of which there curves in an 
opposite direction a dense spike of pink or pale 
purple flowers. It is a species of great rarity 
even in Mexico, where it has hitherto only been 
seen at Sultepec and near Arembaro, growine 
upon trees.*' — Bot. Beg. It may bo referred 
to Epidhuirum for cultivation, &c. 
ooccfneum . Scarlet . . 5, S. EpL 1 Mexico . 1848 
gigant^um . Bro. pink . S, 8. Epi. 1 Jamaica. 1839 
spiciLtum . . Fink . . 2, S. EpL 1^ Mexico . 1836 



I 



ARR 49 

ArracAcha, BanerofU The namo given to the 
plant by the Spaniards in Soath America. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. ApidcecB. Perennial 
South American herbs of a salubrious quality, 
extensively cultivated for culinary purposes, 
and propagated by planting pieces of the root, 
in each of which is an eye or shoot. Synonyme: 
1, Cdnium Arraedeha, 
escultota 1 . BniBh. . 7, 8. Tu. P. 8 Bonta Fa 1833 

Arrack, the distilled juice of the Cdeos nudfera. 

ARRiiENATH&RUtf, Pdlvsot cU Beauvou, Derived 
from arrhen^ male, ather, a point; the male 
spikes being furnished with awns. Linn. 23, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. GramindcetE. Species of grass, 
of great use, though but little beauty ; culti- 
vation easy. Synony^nes : 1, H6lcu8 avendceuSy 
Avina eUUior; 2, H6leus biUbdsus, Avina InU- 
bdsa. 



ART 



, Apetal . 
Apetal . 
Apetal . 

ARRHlfNCHIUM, Ltndl. 
ehoSf a snout Linn. 



avonAooum 1 
mtiticum . 
bulbd«uin2 



6, Onus. 5 Brit. mea. 

7, Orofls. 4 Soot mts. 
7. Grass. S Oermany. 

A, privative, and rhyn- 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Or- 



chiddcea. Stove epiphytes of small size, thriv- 
ing on blocks of wood, or in fibrous peat, and 
increased by division. 
Iabrd«um . . Pur. jeL . 8, B. EpL i Asia . . 1848 

Arr6sus, gnawed, bitten. 

Arrow-grass. See Trigldckin. 

Arrow-head. See SagiUdria. 

Arrow-root. See Mardnta. 

Arsc^ria, Pen. Name derived from arhus^ a 
net. The spores are fastened together by a 
net-work of fibres ; beautiful coloured minute 
fungi found upon rotten wood. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, Nat Or. LycoperddcecB. Synonyme: 1, 
Trickia denuddta — A. punicoa 1, niitaus. 

ArtawStrys, Jt. Brown. This name was sug- 
gested by the curious tendril belonjDfing to the 
peduncle, by which the growing fruit is sus- 
pended on the nearest support ; from arataOf 
to suspend, hotrys, grapes. Linn. 13, Or. 6, 
Nat Or. AnondcecR. This species is very orna- 
mental, growing about six feet high, and is 
easily cultivated in sandy loam, mixed with a 
little peat, and propagated from ripened cut- 
tings in sand, under a glass. Syn^myme : 1, 
A. hexapHal(U 
odoratfssima . Brown . 7, S. Kv. 8. 6 China . 1758 

Artan^ma, D. Don. A tooth is borne on one 
side of each of the longer filaments ; whence 
the name, from arcUaOf to support, n«*mi, a 
filament Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat Or. Scropku- 
laridcece. This is an interesting plant, with 
the aspect of a mimulus, producing large 
showy olossoms. It has been treated in the 
greenhouse, but will succeed in the open bor- 
der in summer, in loam and peat; seeds. 
Synonynu: 1, Torhiia scdbra. 
fimbri&tum. Pa. blue. 8, G. Bv. 8. 8 Moreton B. 1880 

Art^dia, Linn. In honour of Peter Artedi, a 
Swedish naturalist, one of the first who at- 
tempted to divide umbelliferous plants into 
genera. Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apidceoi. 
An uninteresting species, of the simplest cul- 
ture— 53 MOTwdto. 



ARTEMfsiA, Linn. Artemis, one of the names 
of Diana ; the plant is said to have been named 
after Diana, on account of its being used in 
bringing on precocious puberty. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat Or. AsterdcecD. Some species of this 
genus are pretty, others merely ornamental, 
while some are wholly uninteresting; their 
silvery leaves have a showy effect m rock- 
work, for which places they are well suited ; 
they grow in almost any soil, and are increased 
readily from divisions, cuttings, and seeds. A. 
chininsisy and some other species, yield the 
moxa of China, a substance used as a cautery, 
by burning it upon parts affected with gout 
and rheuiqatism. In India A. indica is con- 
sidered a powerful deobstruent and antispas- 
modic; and the leaves of other species are 
esteemed a valuable stomachic medicine. Sy- 
nonymes : 1, A. cattcdnca; 2, A. leucanthe- 
mi/blia y 3, ^ . ntUanSf dmna ; i,A. rupistris ; 
5, A. Beddwskii; 6, A. inoddra; 7, A. glaei- 
iUis, rupistria; 8, A. ntpfytris; 9, A. apUn- 
dens. 



^.i 



Abr6ta]ium 

hlunilo . 

tobolskii 

ftna 

alplna . . . 

aprlca . . 

arbortfscens . 

or^E^^ntea . . 

auBtrlaca . . 

ceerul^scena . 

chin^zuis . . 
Dractknculus . 

friglda. . . 

ftin^ta . . 

gfllica . . . 

glaci&lis . . 

glalica . . . 
groenMnclioa . 

helvetica . . 

indica . . . 

Judalca . . 

lActlfl6ra . . 

lednic^iuSB . 

maritixna . . 

MarachaUi- \ 

&na6 . S 

Mdxa . . . 

MuteUlna 7 . 

nlvea . . . 

Dorv^ica8 . 

orientaiiB . . 

PalUCflU . . 

palm&ta . . 

pectln&ta . . 

peduQCulA- ) 

rifl9 . . ; 

pdntica . . 

potentill8&- ) 

fblia . j 

ramdea . . 

r&peius. . . 

rup^tria . . 

sallna . . . 

Bant5nica . . 

aaxdtUiii . . 

Bcop&ria . . 

serlcea . . . 

spic&ta . . . 

tabrica . . . 

tenuifblia . . 

valenlina . . 

▼allealHca . . 

vulg&re . . 

▼ariogMum 

Wiilfbnil . . 



Yel. gr. 8, H. 
Yd. gr. 9, H. 

YcL gr. 9, H. 

Whlto . 8, G. 
YeL gr. 7, H. 
YeL gr. 7, H. 
. 7, H. 
Yel. gr. 6, G. 
Brown 9, H. 
Yellow 9, H. 
Yellow 7,G. 
W. gm. 7, H. 
YeL gr. 8, H. 
Yel. gx. 7, H. 
Brown 8, H. 
YoL gr. 7, a 
Green . 7, H. 
YeL gr. 7, H. 
YoL gr. 7, H. 
Yel. gr. 9, H. 
YeUow 8, P. 
Pa. w. 11 G. 
YeUow 7, H. 
Brown 7, H. 

YeUow 7,H. 

YeUow 10, G. 
YoUow 7, H. 
Green 6, H. 
YeUow 7, H. 
YeL gr. 7, BL 
Yel. gr. 7, H. 
Green 6, P. 
Brown 6, H. 

YeUow 7, H. 

YeUow 9, H. 

YeUow 7, H. 

YeUow 7, G. 
Brown 6, H. 
Brown 8, II. 
W. gm. 7, H. 
W. gm. 9, H. 
Brown 7, H. 
W. gm. 8, H. 
White 6, H. 
Brown 6, H. 
W. gm. 7, H. 
YeLgr. 10, O. 
YeL gr. 7, F. 
Lt voL 7, H. 



De. 8. 4 Europe . 1548 
De. 8. 4 8. Eur. 



Be. 8. 


4 Russia. 




Ev. 8. 


2*C. G. H. 
1 Caucasus 




Her. P. 


1804 


Bv. T. 






Ev. 8. 


10 Levant . 


1640 


Bv. 8. 


4 Madeira 


1777 


Her. P. 


14 Austria 


1697 


Bv. 8. 


li Engl., sea B. 


Her. P. 


4 China 


1818 


Her. P. 


S 8. Eur. 


1648 


Her. P. 


1 8iberia 


1826 


Her. P. 


i8iberia 


1820 


Her. P. 


2 Brit, wet pL 


Her. P. 


i 8wit»>rL 


1739 


Her. P. 


1 8iber1a 


1806 


Her. P. 


Greenld. 


1810 


Her. P. 


8witzerL 


1819 


Hor. P. 


8 R Indies 1796 


Bv. 8. 


1^ Levant 


1688 


Bv. 8. 


1 Nepal. 


1828 


De. 8. 


2 Carpat. 


1826 


Her. P. 


1 Brit, seas. 


Her. P. 


1 Caucasus 1816 


Ev. a 


8 China. 




Her. P. 


i Alp. Bur 


1815 


Her. P. 


2 Siberia 


1815 


Her. P. 
Her. P. 


i Norway 
ll Armeoiia 


1818 
1810 


Her. P. 


1 Siberia 


1820 


Bv. & 


1 8. Eur. 


.1789 


A. 


1 Dauria 


1806 



Her. P. \ Caucasus 1818 
Her. P. 8 Austria . 1570 
Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1818 



Ev. 8. 
Her.Tr. 
Hor. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. a 
Her. P. 
A. 
Her. P, 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Hor. P. 



8 Canaries 1816 
1 Tartary . 1805 
H Siberia . 1748 
li Hungary 1823 
1 Siberia . 1596 
8 Hungary. 
8 Hungary 1796 
U Siberia . 1796 
iJSwitserL 1790 
Tauria . 1818 
8 China . 1782 
1 Spain . 1739 
1 Italy . . 1739 



Purple 8, H. Hor. P. Gardens. ♦ 
YoL gr. 7, U. Hor. P. \ Switscrl. 1819 
K 



ART 



50 



ARU 



A bglTUhium, dlbida, amMgua, anethifblia^ dn- 
nwo, armenia4Xi, arragonhisis, Balsdmita^^ W- 
inniSf camphorMa^ oampistris^ e, alpina, e^na^ 
canadensis, caiUscens, caxuAsica^ eaudcta^ cha- 
moBmelifilia, coarcldta^ crithmifblia, deseridrum 
2, dracunculoides 8, fasciculata, frdgrans, gna- 
phaZicfideSf herbacea, hirsiUa^ hispdntca, hikmi- 
lis 4, indsa, xTicGita, inoddra 5, tnslpida, irUe- 
grifblia, japinica^ lacinHUc^ longifblia, mexi- 
eana, moUlssimOf moTiog^na, montevidensis, 
negUeta, niUans, odoraiissima, palHstriSy parvi- 
flSrOf pavciflhra, prodraj proc&mbens, serrdta, 
Sieversictna^ subcaiUscens, tenaceti/dliaf viridi- 
fblia, vulgaris. 

Aiith6kia. The meaning unexplained. Linai. 
24, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Oraphidacece. Cnrions 
Bpecies, growin||; from a qnarter of an inch to 
three inches high, and found cliiefly on the 
bark of old trees. — ostrtMec^ ilieina, impoUUtf 
lUrida^ Ipjuxa^ obscHra, Swariziitna. 

ARTHRfricus, gouty, swollen. 

ARTHROPHfLLUM, Bqj. See Phylldrthron. The 
Arthrophyllum of Blume is a genus of Aralia- 
ceous plants of no groat beaut^, all natives of 
Java; but no species has yet, that we are 
aware of, been introduced. The name is de- 
rived from arthronf a joint, and phyllon, a 
leaf; in reference to the jointed leaf-stalks. 
Linn, 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AraliacecB — but the 
genus so named by Bojer belongs to Crescsn- 
tidcete, and is referred to PhyllarOvron, 

ARTHROPdDiUM, R, Bronm. Derived from 
arthrony a joint, and pous, a foot ; the foot- 
stalks of the flowers being jointed. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lilutcea. Some species of 
this genus are very pretty, as A, minus and 
Jimbrialum ; others are ornamental ; and the 
whole succeed in sandy loam and peat, and 
increase freely by divisions or seeds. Synon- 
ymes: 1, A. tnlnus; 2, AntfUricum p4nduliim. 
See Stypdndra, 

cirrittum . . Wht. 6, Q. Her. P. 8 N. Zealand 1821 
fimbriatixm . Wht 7, G. Her. P. 11 N. Holland 1822 
minus . . . Wht 7, G. Her. P. 1^ N. HoUand 1828 
panicul&tuml Wbt 8, G. BL P. 8 N. S. Walea 1800 
pdndxiluxn 2 . Wht 7, G. Her. P. 1^ Teneriflb . 1818 

ArthrostiSmma, Pavon. From arihron, a joint, 
and sUnum, a stamen ; their stamens or con- 
nectives being jointed. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. MelastomdcecB. Beautiful plants, growing 
about two feet high, with rose or lilac-coloured 
flowers ; they grow in loam, mixed with a little 
peat, and increase from cuttings. Synonyjne: 
1, Bhixia versicolor. 

frfgile . . Bom pur. 7, 8. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . . 1846 
versicolor . Pink . . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Bradl . . 1825 
nitidum . Fa. lilac . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 B. Ayrea . 1830 

Artichoke. See Cpnara. 

Articulations, the places where one thing is 

jointed with another. 
ArtocarpAce^ An order separated from Ur- 

tieacecBf including the Bread-fruit ( J rtocd7yi«), 

the Bread-nut {Brdsimum) ; all the species 
^abound in milky juice, and in some cases is 

rich and wholesome, as in the Qalacfodhidrati ; 



in others, however, it is extremely poisonous, 
as in the Upas poison {Antidris toxiearia). 
ArtocJLrpus, Linn. From artos, bread, and 
carpoSy fruit ; in allusion to the well-known 
name and uses of the bread-fruit. Linn. 21, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Artocarpduxm. To this genus 
belonss the bread-fniit tree of the South Sea 
Islands. Thev are difficult to cultivate in this 
country ; a light rich loamy soil is best adapted' 
to them. Sweet says, * ' tney have been gene- 
rally treated too tenderly, and not allowed 
sufficient air. They appear to be of the same 
nature as the flg, to wnich they are nearly al- 
lied. Lai^ cuttings root freely in a ]>ot of 
sand, plunged under a hand-^lass, in a moist 
heat, with all their leaves entire ; if the leaves 
are shortened, it is a great chance if they suc- 
ceed." For further particulars respecting this 
very valuable genus, see LovdorCs Encydcpcedia 
of Plants. 
inclaa . . . Wht gm. 0, 8. Bv. T. 50 S.SeaI& 1798 

nucffera . . Wht gm. 6, 8. Bv. T. 60 B. Ind. . 1798 
integrifdlla . Wht gm. 6, 8. Bv. T. 60 E. Ind. . 1778 

hoteroph^lla Wht gm. 6, 8. Ev. T. 60 R Ind. . 1778 

Aruu, Linn. Formerly aron, supposed to be an 
ancient Egyptian word. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. 
Or. ArdcetK. This genus contains some very 
handsome species, while others are only useful 
on account of their medicinal qualities ; the 
flowers have generally a very disagreeable 
smell, hence they are not favourites ; they all 
succeed in common soil, and increase with 
little trouble from ofi'sets. Synonymes: 1, Biit- 
rum gramineum ; 2, B. tenuifilium. See also 
Acdntias, Aglcum^ma, Am})rosinia, Amorph4h 
phallus, AntherHruSi ArisdBma, Arisarum, 
Bidrum^ CaJMium, Coloedsia, Cryptocbryne, 
Dieffenbdchiat DracHTiculuSf Afonslira^ Pel- 
tdndray PhilodSndron, Remusatia, SauromH' 
turn, Syngdnium, Typhonium and XanOidsoma, 
itro-rhbena . . Bm. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 K. Amer. 1768 
divaric&tum . . Om. . 7, 8. Tu. P. 2 B. Ind. . 1769 
flagelllfdnne . . Bm. . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Bengal . 1819 
gramineum 1 . Bm. . 6, H. Her. P. 8 Maurit . 1828 
hederftceum . . Pur. . 6, Bpiphy. 6 W. Ind. . 1793 
Indicum . . . Bm. . 8. Ev. S. 4 China . 1824 
iUlicum . . . LtyeL 6, H. Her. P. 1^ Italy . Ift83 
integrifblium . Gm. . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 3 .1826 

margin&tum . . 8. Her. P. 2 R Ind. . 1820 

macrorhlzon. . Gm. . 8. Tu. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1803 
mintitum . . . Pur. . 7,8. Tu. P. fR Ind. . 1802 
obtusil5bum . . 8. Her. P. 2 . 1824 

orienttfle ... . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Tauria . 1820 

palmMum . . H. Her. P. 1^ . 1826 

pentaph^Uum . 8. Her. P. 1 R Ind. . 1818 

pictum ... H. Her. P. 2 Corsica . 1800 

polyph^llum . 8. Her. P. 1 8. Amer . 1818 

ramOBum ... . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 8 . 1810 

tUb^S^m . . . .6, G. Her. P. ^ Japan .1800 

sarmentfteum . Pur. . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1836 
tenuifdllum 2 . Wht . 6, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. . 1570 
triph^Uum . . Bm. . 6, H. Her. P. i Ni Amer. 1664 
sebrlnum . . Bm. . 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1664 
venbsiun . . . Pup. . 3, a Her. P. li . 1794 

ma/^dtum. 

Ar<jnott8. See Spirdsa ArUneus. 

A rundIna, Blum^. From arundo, a reed ; re- 
semblance of the stems. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Orchiddcecs. These slender-stemmed 
plants produce flowers almost equal in size and 
beauty to CaOUya. They require the orchida- 
ceous stove ; and on account of the smiJlness 



ARU 



51 



ASC 



of their pseudo-bulbs, their season of rest 
must not be a very dir one, their native 
habitat being well-shaded places ; duriuff 
growth, they should be water^ liberally, ana 
are readily increased by division. Sijnonynu : 
1, CymMdium bambvsifilium. 
bAmbaaif6IIa 1 . Porple . 1, 8. EpL N«pal . . 1830 
■ ■ . 6, a EpL Chlnft. . 1844 

, . Ravio. . 8, & Epi. Biogapore 1840 



A.rundinAcea, reed-like. 

A-RUITDInAria, Michaux. An alteration of the 
word arundo, a reed. Linn, S, Or, 2, Nat. 
Or. Gramindcea, These plants are only fit for 
general collections ; their culture is simple, and 
young plants are obtained from seeds. SynO' 
nymes: 1, LuMlphia glauciscena, Pdnicum 
glaueiacens, 

glauc^aoens 1 . Apetal . 6, Oraaa. 10 R Ind. . 1818 
znaano0p£rma . Apetal . 6, Gross. 10 N. Amer. 1809 

Ar&sdo, Beauvois, An ancient name of doubt- 
ful origin, supposed by some to be from the 
Latin anindo, a reed ; and by a recent author 
to be from the Celtic aruy water. Linn. 3, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Gramindcece. These are mere weeds. 
A. DdTUix, var. versicoloT, is regarded by some 
on account of its striped leaves. A . J)dnax is 
ffrown in France and Italy for fishing-rods, 
lonce-wood, training vines to, &c. See CcUa- 
magr6stiSf VarUhonia^ Bigraphis, PhragmUeSf 
Pda, and Psdnvma, 

DdDAX . . Apetal . . 7, Grass. 10 & Eur. . 1648 
versicolor. Apetal . . 7, Grass. 8 S. Eur. . 1048 
fatuodcea, Unax. 

ASAFGBTIDA. See Ferula. 

AsAQsJkA, Lindley. In conxpliment to Dr. Asa 
Gray, the author of a Treatise upon North 
American Melanthacea. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat 
Or. Melanthdcem. A plant of but little beauty. 
The culture and propagation is similar to that 
of Tigiidia, iSynonyrms: 1, MeUndas offid- 
ndlis; 2, Verdirtim ojicindle, 
offiefn&lls . White . 0, F. BL P. 1 Vera Cruz. 1887 

AbarabAoca. See Asarum. 

AsARhfA. See ATUirrhlnum Asarina. 

ASARUH, Linn. From a, privative, and saran, 
feminine; the application of the term unex- 
plained. Zdnn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Aristolo- 
ehidcem. Tliis is a remarkable genus of dwarf 
plants, on account of their curious flowers, 
which are frequently overlooked among the 
leaves ; it is best to plant them near the front 
of borders, on account of their dwarf charac- 
ter ; any common soil suits them, and portions 
of the root make young plants. The leaves 
and roots of A . europdbum are emetic, cathar- 
tic, and diuretic. 

arifdlium . . Brown 6, H. Her. P. I N. Amer. 1888 
oaxiadtese . Brown 6, H. Her. P. Canada . 1718 
europfbnm . Purple 6, H. Her. P. \ Eng. . . wds. 
giandifdliuxn Brown 6, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 1820 
Tirglnicum . Brown 6, H. Her. P. | Vii^nia 1760 

ABCARiciDA, Cassini. Derived from ascaris, an 
intestinal worm, and ccBdOf to kill, because of 
its medical properties. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. AsterdcecB. Interesting, dwarfish annuals, 
easily cultivated, with the treatment in com- 



mon practice for stove aunuals. Synonynua: 
1, Vemdnia arUhehnXniioa ; 2, V. (Hplinirvia, 
anthelmlntica 1 Purple 8, B. A. 1 K Ind. . 1770 
triplinA^ia 2 . Purple 11, 8. A. 1 BrariL . 1826 

Ascendent, ) at first trailing on the ground, 

Ascending, j then rising erect, forming a 
curve. 

AsCT, small tubes, which contain the sporules of 
cryptogamous plants. 

AsciOEROUS, having asci. 

AscL^FiAS, Linn, The Greek name of the Ma- 
culapius of the Latins. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. AsclepiaddcecR. This is a genus of taU- 
growinff herbaceous and shrubby plants, which 
thrive oest in peat, or any very light soil. 
They require a good deal of room to show their 
characters, and are readily propagated by seeds, 
or dividing the roots. A. gyriaea is very odori- 
ferous, and in Canada, when in flower, charms 
the traveller, especially when passing through 
woods in the evening. The French there eat 
the tender shoots in spring, as we do asparagus. 
The natives make a sugar of the flowers, gather- 
ing them in the morning, when they are covered 
with dew, and collect the cotton from the pods 
to fill their beds. On account of the silkinesa 
of this cottoD, Parkinson calls it Vir^nian 
silk. The roots of A. deeCmhena are diapho- 
retic and sudorific, and have the singular pro- 
perty of exciting general perspiration, without 
increasing the heat of the body ; it is used in 
Virginia a^^ainst pleurisy. A. tuberbsa is used 
in the United States as a mild cathartic, and 
as a remedy for a variety of disorders. Symh 
nyines: 1, A. lawriftUa; 2, Cyndnchwn Ipecoh 
cudnha; 3, A, oontyH}ens ; 4. A. purpurdseent ; 
5, A . hpbrida. See Andntherix, CcMropis, Oy» 
ndnchum, Ddrniia, Oomphoedrptu, QymrUma, 
SarcosUmma, Styldndra, and Xyamaldbium. 

N. Amer. 1826 
C^lon . 1816 
N. Amer. 1782 



aoumfafcta Red 
alexlaca . Gvoen 
amdana .Purple 
amplexi-^ g^ 



7, H. Her. P. 
H. Ev. Tw. 

8, H. Her. P. 

7. H. Her. P. 



2 
6 
8 

2 N. Amer. 1816 



- White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Mexico . 1817 



- White 



cahlib 

asthmit- 

tica2 , 
dn^rea . Brown 
citrifblia .White 
oomUti 

oorassilrica Scarlet 
tflba . .White 
d^bilis. .White 
deotimbens Orange 
DougUsii . Red or. 
exaltiktaS Purple 
Qreeni&na White 
incamjlta . Purple 
LinAria . White 
Unif 61ia . White 
longif 6ila . Pa. pur 
moxic&na . White 
nWoa . . White 
obtusif61ia Puxple 
parrifldra . White 
pauptf rcula Red . 

^^d^ } Purple T^HJtoj P. 8 N. Amer. 1812 



7, 8. Ev. Tw. 

7, H. Her. P. 

, 7, S. Her. P. 

, 7, 8. Her. P. 
. 7, S. Her. P. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 7,H. Tu. P. 
. 6, H. Her. P. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 
8. Ev. 8. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 7, O. Her. P. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
. 7, G. Her. 8. 
. 8, H. Her. P. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 9, G. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 



6 Ceylon . 1810 

2 N. Amor. 1826 

1 N. Amer. 1818 

8 & Amer. 1602 
8 8. Amer. 

2 N. Amer. 1818 
2 N. Amer. 1781 
liN. Amer. 1846 
6 N. Amer. 1800 

1828 
N. Amor. 1710 
Mexico . 1802 
Mexico . 1618 
N. Amer. 1816 
Mexico .1821 
N. Amer. 1730 
N. Amer. 1820 
K. Amer. 1774 
N. Amer. 1817 



pulcb611a . 8traw 
ptUfhra . Purple . 



7, H. Her. P. 4 

8. Ev. Tw. 
7, H. Her. P. 2 

7, H. Her. P. 8 



1825 
1860 



N. . 

Silhet 
N. Amer. 

N. Amer. 1782 
k2 



ASC 



52 



ASP 



quadrlf&Ua W. red 
r6flea . .Rod . 
rbbra . .Red . 
BaUcifUU . White 
syrtaca .Purple 
tuber6fia .Orange 
varieg&ta .Wblto 
▼erticUl&taWht gr. 
virs&ta . White 



. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 7, 0. Her. P. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 7, G. Her. P.. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 



N. Amer. 1820 
Mexico . 1824 
Virginia . 1826 
Mexico . 1817 
N. Amer. 1021> 



8, H. Tu. P. 2 N. Amer. 1«80 
7 H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1597 
8 K Amer. 1769 



crux-Andrea) 
hypericoldes 
ptimilum 
sbbia. . . . 



7, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 
vestlta . . Telsh.gr. 10, G. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1844 

jAjscl^piuh. Soe TMpsia Aaclfyium, 

AscdBOLUs, Persoon. From askos, a bladder, 
and ballo, to eject ; in allusion to the principal 
peculiarity of the genus. Linn. 24, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. ffelvelldcece, A curious production, 
found chiefly on old cow soil — ciOdliiSf furfur 
rhceuSy gldJber^ trifblii, vindsiis. 

Asc^PHORA, Tode. From cukoSf a term used to 
denote a peculiar kind of receptacle of sporules, 
and pJioreOf to bear. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
MucorduxcB. This is mere mould, as seen upon 
old paste, &c. — nvHcedo. 

AscTRON. See Hypericum Ascyron. 

AscYRUM, lAnn. From a, privative, and skyros^ 
hard ; plants soft to the touch. Linn. 16, Or. 
8, Nat Or. ffypericdcea. The species are dwarf 
and curious, and succeed well with the treat- 
ment given to Hypericum, See Nordntea. 
amploxicahle . YeL 8, G. Ev. 8. IJ N. Amer. IS^S 
. Yel. 7, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Amer. 1769 
. Yel. 8, G. Ev. 8. 1 N. Amer. 1769 
. YeL 7, P. Her. P. 1 Geongia . 1806 
. YoL 8, G. Ev. S. 1} N. Amer. 181« 

AserXnthes. See ^sckindTUhus grandifldnis. 

AsH-TREB. See Prdxinus. 

Asiatic poison-bulb. See (Mnum asidticum, 

AsfMiNA, Adanson, A name of Canadian origin, 
meaning unknown. Liim. 13, Or. 6, Nat Or. 
AnoiUUx(K. Ornamental shrubs, from one to 
three feet high ; they succeed best in peat and 
loam, and are of easy propagation by layering 
the branches. Synonyme : 1, Andna trtUiba. 
grandifl6ra . White . 0, H. De. 8. 8 Georgia . 1820 
parvifl6ra . Brown . 6, H. Do. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1806 
pygmiba . . White . 6, H. De. & 2 N. Amer. 1812 
tri^ba ... Pa. pur. . 8, H. De. B. 8 China . . 1822 

AsKALON (the Shallot;. See Allium aaccUdnicum. 
Ab6ca. See JorMa Asdca. 
AspAlathus, Linn. Said to be derived from a, 
privative, and spao, to extract ; in reference to 
the thorns. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat Or. Fabd4X0B. 
*' All the species are rather ornamental when 
in flower. A mixture of loam, peat, and sand, 
is the soil best adapted for them ; and young 
cuttings of all will strike in sand, under bell- 
glasses, but the glasses must be wiped occasion- 
ally, or the cuttings are very liaole to damp 
off." — J>on*8 System of Oard. and Botany. See 
Cycldpia, 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 0. G. H. 1822 
. White . 7, G. Ev. a 4 C. G. H. 1774 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1795 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev, 8. 7 C. G. H. 
. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1769 
. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. & 8 C. G. H. 1812 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. 1818 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. 1813 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1774 
. Yellow . 7. G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1795 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1823 
. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1759 
. Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 0. G. H. 1799 
. YeUow . 7, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. 1800 



afFlnlB. 

flbens . . 

arane^fci . . 

arb6reuB . . 

argtfntoa . . 
asparagoidos 

astrolteii. . 

caU5Ba . . 

ctfndicans . 

cambiia . . 

capit&ta . . 

Chenop5da . 

ciU&ris . . 

craasifbliA . 



ericifdUa. . 
gaUoldos . . 
genistoldcs . 
globdsa . . 
hlspida . . 
h:^8trix . . 
Indica . . . 
lariclBa . . 
mucron&ta . 
multifldra . 
peduncul&ta 
quinquef61ia 
serfcea 
spindsA . 
aquarr&Ba 
subuUta . 
thymifblia 
unifldra . 



. Yellow 
. YeUow 
. Yellow , 
. Orange 
. Yellow 
. YeUow 
.Bed . 
. Yellow 
. YeUow 
. YeUow 
. YeUow , 
. YeUow , 
. Yellow . 
. YeUow . 
. YeUow , 
. Yellow . 
. Yellow . 
. YeUow . 



7, G. 
7, G. 
7, G. 
7,0. 
7,G. 
7, G. 
7, G. 
7. G. 
7, G. 

7,a 

7, G. 
7. G. 
7, G. 
7,G. 
7, G. 
7, G. 
r,G. 
7,G. 



Ev. S. 2 
Ev.Tr. 2 
Ev. a 2 
Ev. a 2 

Ev. as 

Ev. 8. 2 
Ev. 8. 3 
Ev. a 2 
Ev. a 2 
Ev. 8. 2 
Ev. 8. 2 
Ev. a2 
Ev. a 2 
Ev. a 2 
Ev. a 2 
Ev. 8. li 
Ev. 8. 2 
Ev. a 3 



C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
R Ind. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 



1789 
1817 
1816 
1802 
1818 
1824 
1769 
1828 
1796 
1818 
1775 
1816 
1816 
1824 
1823 
1789 
1825 
1812 



am&rus 
aph^UuB . . 
&<(idticu8 . . 
BrouBson^ti . 
capdnsls . 
c&pius . 
dahhricuB 
decUn&tus 



h6rriduB 
I&iceuB . 
lariclnuB . 
longif5Uu8 
IhddiiB . 
morftimtis 
niveniAnuB 
offidn&liB . 



Btipul&ceuB . 
BubulAtuB 
Bylvtltictis 
tenuif611uB . 
tetragdnuB . 
tricarin^tuB . 
umboUAtus . 
verticUliiriB . 



2 8pa{n . 
8 C. G. H. 
S Spain . 

4 France 

3 a Eur. 
3 Asia 
2 Canaries 
4C. G. H. 
8 Caucasus . 1821 
8 Dauria . 1828 

5 C. G. H. 
2C. G. H. 



1640 
1816 
1540 
1824 
1640 
1769 
1822 
1G91 



AspXragin. a peculiar principle abundant in 

Asndragus. 
Aspabaqus, Idnn. Derived from a, intensive, 
and sparaasOf to tear, some of the species being 
armed with strong prickles. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. LiliAcccB. The character and mode 
of treating this favourite genus is known by 
all ; suffice it to say, that they are most suc- 
cessful in good rich light soil, and may be mul- 
tiplied by seeds or divisions. 
aciitifMiuB . Whtgn. 5, P. Ev. 8. 
lethidpicuB . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 
flbuB . . . White . 8, F. Ev. a 

Green .7, H. Her. P. 

White . 6, P. Ev. 8. 

White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 

Gn.wht 6, H. Her. P. 

Grxjen . 4, G. Ev. 8. 

. Gn.wht. 6, H. Her. P. 

. Green . 4, H. Her. P. 

. Wht.gn. 6, P. Her. P. 

dectimbens . Wht.gn. 4, G. Her. P. 

depAidens .White . 6, G. Ev. Tw. 4 C. G. H. 

falc^tuB . . Whtgn. 4, 8. Ev. 8. 3 E. Ind. 

flexudHXM . . Whtgn. 7, 8. Ev. 8 3 C. G. H. 

grandiildrus . White . 7, G. Her. CI. 4 Teneriffe 

White . 6, P. Ev. Tw. 4 8. Eur. 

White . 6. G. Her. CL 8 C. O. H. 

White . 6, G. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. 

White .7,H.Her,P. 3 8iberia 

Green . 6, G. Her. CL 4 Macao . 

Green . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Caspiim 

Wt pur. 6, G. Her. P. 

Green .7, H. Her. P. 
plocamoldes . Gr. wht 6, H. Her. P. 
racemdflUB . Whtgn. 6, G. Ev. 8. 
retrolWctus . White . 7, G. Ev. Tw. 4 Aflrica . . 1759 
Barmen tdsua. Whtgn. 8, 8. Ev. Tw. 6 Ceylon . 1810 
Bcfodens . . Green . 6, G. Ev. Tw. 6 C. G. H. . 1795 
8mithiilnus . Gn.wht 5, G. Her. P. 3 Teneriffe . 1829 

White . 5, G. Ev. Tw. 4 C. G. H. . 1821 

Wt gm. 6, P. Ev. a 8 C. G. H. . 1811 

Green . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary . 1819 

YeUow . 6, H. Her. P. " " 

White . 5, G. Her. P. 

Gm.yeL 6, O. Her. CI. 

On. wht 6, G. Her. P. 

White .7,H-Her.P. 

AbpAsia, Lindley. From aspazomaij I embrace, 
in alhision to the manner in which the column 
is embraced by the labellum. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Orchiddceoi. Elegant plants, with 
the aspect of Epidendrum. The flowers of A. 
varicgdtum are delioiously sweet in the morn- 
ing. For culture and propagation, see Stan- 
hSpea, 

epidendroldes . Wht ycL 2, 8. Epi. 1 Panama . 1833 
luntita . . . Gr or. . 8. KpLlBnwU. .1844 
lutfea .... YoUow , 3. 8. EpL 1 Guiana . 1838 
Torieg&ta . . Gm.str . 2, 8. Epi. | Panama . 1836 

Aspen. Soe Pojmlus trimula. 



1759 
1792 
1819 
1792 
1800 
18-28 
1900 
1811 
1816 
1827 
1844 
1823 

2 C. 6. H. . 1811 
4Egl. . Bcaco. 

3 Teneriffe . 1829 
3 E. Ind. . 1808 



3 Hungary . 

3 G. G. H. . 1822 

4 

2 Caucasus . 1816. 

2 Caucasus . 1752 



ASP 



63 



ASP 



AspERAi harsh, ni^ed. 

AsPER^LLA. SeeElymitshpstrix, 

AsPERofLLUS, Mi4iheU, From aspergillumj be- 
cause of its resemblance to the brush with 
which the huly water is scattered in catholic 
ceremonies. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botry- 
taceas. Mere mouldiuess, found in patches 
upon rotten substances, and damp species in 
herbariums — aitreus, cdndiditSf glaiicuSf Idneus, 
m6llis, penicillatus^ vlre/w, rdsa». 

AsPER0C<5ccns, Lamawr. From asper^ rough, 
and kokkosy seed ; the seeds have a rough sur- 
face. Linti. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. FucdceoB, 
This species is found on rocks — comprissus, 

AsPERtrao, Linnceus. Derived, on account of 
its asperity, from asper, rough. Idnn. 5, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Boragindcecs. Altogether unin- 
teresting, except in a botanical point of view. 
proc(^bena . Blue . 4, £L Tr. A. 1 Britain, rubbuh. 

AspJ^RULA, LinncBUS, A diminutive of aspcTf 
rough; leaves. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat Or. Go- 
lidcccB. A. arvinsia is a mere weed; all the 
rest of the species are pretty, and excepting 
eyn&nehicay remarkable for thrivisff under the 
shade of trees, in moist soil. The scent oi 
A. odordta is quite pleasant, and the plant 
has been used for flavouring wine, perfuming 
clothes, &C. An infusion of A, cyndnchica 
is astringent, and is used as a gargle. A. 
odordta w diuretic Synonymes: I, A. ri- 
vdlis. 2, Gdlium glailcum, S, A. ripens. 
4, Odlium humifHsum. 6, A, vicdna. See 
EmdtUa, 



alplna 


.White 


. r. H. Her. P. 


\ Caucaaus 1820 


Apartne 1 


.White 


. r, H. Her. P. 2 


8. Bur. .1818 


arcadi^nsii 


.Red. 


4, H. Her. P. • 


\ Arcadia . 1819 


ariBt&ta . 


. Yellow 


. 7, H. Her. P. 1 


a Eur. . 1828 


brvvifbUa 


.Purple 
. Whfte 


. 7 F. Ev. Tr. 


Europe . 1826 


cnuKifdUa 


6, H. Her. P. 


Levant .1776 


cyniixcuiCBL 


.Flesh 


7, H. Her. P. 


Eng., ch. hills. 
8. Bur. . 1710 


galioldeH 2 
hinitiUS 


.White 


7, H. Her. P. 


.White 


e,H.Her. P. 


Portugal 1819 


Wrta . . 


. Purple 
.White 


7; H. Her. P. 


Pyrenees 1817 


huiniflua4 


7, H. Her. Tr. 


CaucasiiB 1818 


inc^na 


.Purple 
.White 


6, H. Her. P. 


Crate . . 182S 


Uevig&ta. 
longifl&ra 


6 H. Her. P. 1 


8. Eur. . 1776 


.YeLpur 


7 H. Her. P. \ 


r Hungary 1821 


longifbUa 


.Red ., 


7, H. Her. P. 1 


8. Eur. . 1820 


mont&na 


.Pink 


7 H. Her. P. 1 


Hungaiy 1801 


nftidA. . 


.Pink 


8, H. Her. P. i 
6, H. Her. P. 


^Greece .1829 


odorAta . 


.White 


Brit, woods. 


JSS*^ 


.Flesh 


7 H. Her. P. 1 


Spain . . 1821 
Greece .1819 


.Red. . 


7 H. Her. P. J 


acSbn 


.White , 


7, H. Her. P. 1 


Italy . . 18-24 


msatoOktia 


.White 


6, H. Her. P. 1 


Russia . 1838 


■nplna' . 


.Pink 


6. H. Her. P. j 


Caucasus 1821 


taxuina . 


.White . 


6, H. Her. P. 1 


Italy . . 1739 


tinct6ria. 


.Pink 


7, H. Her. P. 


Europe . 1704 


tomentbsa 5 Red . . 


7, H. Her. P. 


rS. Bur. .1817 


trichMes 


.White . 


6, H. A. 


Persia . 1888 


tyr&jca . 


.White . 


6, H. Her. P. 


Levant .1829 


arvSnsis. 









AsphXlathus. See AspdMhus. 

AsPHELi-NDRA. See Apfieldndra, 

Asphodel. See AspJi6delti8. 

AsPHODELJlCELfi. An order of herbaceous plants 
merged in Lilidceoe, from which they were 
found to differ in no essential characters. 

A8Ph6delu8, Linnants. From a, privative, and 
sphallOy to supplant ; a flower not to be sur- 
passed. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Lilidoece. 



These plants are of a bold aspect, and when in 
flower very ornamental; common soil suits 
them well, and young plants are obtained 
without difliculty from the roots. See £re- 
mUrus. 

lestlvua . . White 7, H. Her. P. 2 Spain , 1820 
fflbus . . . White 4, H. Her. P. 2 S. Bur. 
asii(ticu8 . . White 6, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1824 
capillAris . . Pa. yeL 6, H. Her. P. 4 8. Europe 1812 
cerasfferuB. White 0, H. Her. P. 2 
clav&tus . . White 7, 8. A. 1 B. Indies 1808 

cr^ticus . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 2 Caudia . 1821 
fi8tul6flU8 . . White 8, H. Her. P. 1 8. Btir. . 1598 
intormMius . White 7, O. P. 1^ Canaries. 1822 

Ihteus . . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. S SIcUy . . 1690 
microc&rpuB . Yellow 6, H. BL P. 2 Dolmatia 1881 
proUferus . . White 8, H. A. ^ Armenia 1824 

ramdsus . . White 4, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1651 
siblricus . . Pa. yeL 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1829 
tahricua . . White 6, H. Her. P. 3 Tnuria . 1812 
tenhlor. . . White 7» H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1824 

AsficArpa, Richard. The form of the fruit re- 
sembles a shield ; hence the name from aapis^ 
a shield, and karpos, fruit. Linn. 1, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. Malpigkidceas. A twining plant of 
little interest, and easy cultivation, 
hrens . . Apetal . 7, 8. De. Tw. 6 8. Amer. . 1821 
AsPiDfsTRA, Ker. From aspidiseony a little 
round shield ; the form of the flower. Linn. 
8, Or. 1, Nat Or. LilidceoB. Curious plants, 
remarkable for producing their flowers under 
the surface of the earth. They grow in any 
common soil ; and are increased by suckers, 
el&tior .... Brown 10, 8. Her. P. 2 Japan 1835 

varieg&ta . . Brown 10, 8. Her. P. 2 Japan 1835 
Ihrida .... Purple 7, 8. Hor. P. 1 China 1822 

varieg4ta. . . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. 1 China, 
punct&ta . . . Purple 3, 8. Her. P. 1 China 1824 

flbo maeul&ta . Gr. pur. 4, G. Her. P. 1 China 1862 

AspfDiuu, Swartz. From aspidion, a little 
buckler ; because of the form of the indusium. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat Or. Polypodidcece. One 
of the pretty and very interesting genera of 
Ferns. A mixture of loam and peat, and a 
sheltered situation, are very suitable for them ; 
they are multiplied by seeds, or divisions. Sy- 
ntmymes : 1, Nephrddium acrosticTiotdes. 2, 
N. decomp6sUvm. 8, Cydthca dentdta. 4, 
Aspiditim trapez(Adea. 5, Polypddiumfrdgrans. 
6, Nephrddium. wnUum. 

~''^*^^°**- }. Brown 7, H. Her. P. 1 J N. Amer. 

. Brown 7, H. Her. P. S Brit, sha. pL 
. Brown 7, G. Her. P. S Mtuleiitt 1779 
. Br. yel. 7, 8. Her. P. 1^ E. Indies. 
. Brown 7, H. Her. P. I 8. Eur. . 1825 



oldeal 
acule&tum 
^bmulum . 
al&tiun 
alplnum . 
anguULro . 
atom&rium 
auriculjitum . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 



Brown 7, H. Her. P. I Hungary 1819 
Brown 7, H. Her. P. } K. Amer. 1820 



E. Indies 1793 
bulbiferum . Brown 7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1038 
cicut&rium . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 2 Jomaioa 1820 
oordifdlium . Brown 6, 8. Hor. P. 1 Jamaica 1824 
cori&ceum . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1 V. D. L. . 1821 
crist&tum . . Brown 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Eng., dp. pL 

^JJ^I^^" \ Brown 7, G. Her. P. i N. Holl. . 1820 

Br. yeL 5, 8. Her. P. 1^ I. of Luaon. 

Brown 6, H. Her. P. \ Wales, rooks. 

Brown 6. H. Her. P. 2 Brit, dp. pL 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. 2 Brit, rocks. 

Brown 6, Q. Hor. P. 2 Modeh^a . 1779 

7, 8. Her. P. 4 Jamaica . 1793 

, H. Her. P. 3 Brit, sha. pi. 



decttrrens 
dentt\tum S 
dilat&tum . 
dumetdrum 
elongiltum 
oxalt&tum 
Filixmite . 
frtfgUe . . 
frftgrans . 
grtfnde. . 



Brown 

Brown 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. * Brit, walls". 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. } Siberia 



Br. yeL 6, 8. Hor. P. 1 



1820 
I. of Luam. 



ASP 



54 



AST 



HaUM . . 
berscleifb- ) 

uum . . ; 

Hook^rl . . 
IndivUum 
IntermMimn 
Inigiium , . 
laWbllxim . . 
lobfttum . . 
Lonchltls . . 

aspdrrlmum 
nucroph^l- ' 

lum 



Br. yeL 4, H. Her. P. li BwiUerL 1834 
YeUow «, 8. Her. P. 



'':} 



mdUe . 
moutAnum . 
mticron&taxn 
Aoveboni- ) 

cftise . . ) 
Ore6pteriB 
panifllticum . 
p&teoB . . . 
poctin&tum 4 
pennlgerum . 
propHnquum . 
pub^eoenB 
pftngens . . 
ricfium . . 
repdndum 
rluBucuiii . 
rhin>ph;^llum 
zlglduxnC. . 
Mrra . . . 
BingapoiU- ^ 

num . . ) 
■pinuldeum . 
lliel^pteris . 
trapesoldes . 
trifoli&tum . 
tuberteum 
unitum 6 . 
▼illbflum . . 



Br. yeL 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Br, yoL 
Brown 
Brown 
Br. yeL 

Brown 

Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 

Brown 

Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
ftrown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 

Br. yeL 

Brown 
Brown 



Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 



6,8. Her. P. 
7,8. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
ft, 8. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

8, 8. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 
6,8. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

8, H. Hor. P. 

6, 8. Her. P. 

7, 8. Bv. a 
7,8. Her. P. 
7, G. Her. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 

G. Her. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 
7. 8. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H, Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7,8. Her. P. 

4, H. Her. P. 

7. H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7,8. Her. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 
7, O. Her. P. 
8,8. Her. P. 
7, 8. Hor. P. 



W. Ind. . 1812 
3 Jamaica 1824 
2 N. Amer. 1823 
1 Brit., dp. pL 
I. of Lucon. 
8 Eng., sha. pL 
k Brit, rocks. 

1 M. Amer. 1824 

W. Ind.. 1816 

S N. Amer. 1772 

2 Caraccas 1824 
i8witwrL 1819 

a Jamaica . 1820 

1812 



UN. 

8 Brit., heaths. 

1 E. Indies 1824 

2 Jamaica . 1784 
1 W.Indies 1820 
6 W. Indies. 

3 E. Indies 1793 

1 Jamaica . 1817 
W. Indies. 

^ Brit, rocks. 
I. of Luzon. 

IBrit, rocks. 
Jamaica . 1820 
8. Eur. . 1816 

2 Jamaica , 1819 

Malacca 

1 Brit, dp. pL 
1 Brit, dp. r 



iJao 
W. 
W. 



PPl. 
t. 182^ 



Jamaica . 1824 
Indies 1769 
Indies. 
2"N. Holl. 1793 
3 W. Indies 1793 



AsPLkNiUMi Linnavs. From a, ^riyative, and 
spUfit spleen ; its supposed medicinal qualities. 
Idnn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodidcees. For 
culture, &c., see Aspidiwm. Synonymea: 1, 
A, genndnicwm. 2, Nevhrhdium aaplenioides. 
8, Polypddium Filix-foBmina. 4, Aspidium 
ftmUi'Mim^ Polypddium fotUHnum, 5, Awi- 
dium fontdnumf HalUri, Athprium BcUlSri. 
6, Nephrbdium Pilix-fiinnwa, Aaptdium an- 
fffaslum. 7, A. obUquum. 8, A. glandulhsumf 
ValliS'dailsce, 9, A, rhizdphorum. 10, A. 
acrosticholdet, 11, .4. BemionUis, See Al- 
lantodia^ CaenApterU^ Citerach, JHpldusium^ 
MmlsciiMnf Scolopindrivm, 

4, Q. Her. P. 2 Teneriffo 1818 
8;H. Her.P. 1 Britain 8h. PL 



. Brown 
■ Brown 



aohtum 
Adiintum - 

nigrum . 
A. n. flabel- 

Uitum 
aUtum . . 
altemifdliuml Brown 
ambfguum . Brown 
angustifblium. Brown 
auritum . . Brown 
Ath^um 3 . Brown 
attenu&tum 
Belang^ri . 
biaurltum 
bipartitum 
bisdctum . 
brasili&ise 
bulblferum 
oaloph^Uum . Brown 
oanaritfnse . Brown 
caudAtum . . Brown 
dcut&rium . Bruwn 
orenAtum . . Brown 
oultrtfblium . Brown 
ouneitam . . Bix)wn 



Brown 
, Brown 



. Brown 
. Brown 
. Brown 
. Brown 
. Brown 
. Brown 
. Brown 



8 H. Her. P. 1 Britain 8h. PL 



7,8. Her.P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

8, G. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

9, 8. Her. P. 

8, H. Her. P. 
7, G. Her. P. 
7, Q. Her. P. 

7, 8. Her. P. 

8, 8. Hor. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 
7, 8. Her. P. 
7. O. Her. P. 

6, 8. Her. P. 

7, G. Her. P. 

6, G. Her. P. 

8, 8. Her. P. 

9, 8. Her. P. 

7, 8. Her. P. 
9, 8. Her. P. 



1 BraiU .1864 
i Scotland. 
6 W.Indies. 
1 N. Amer. 1812 

1 8. Amer. 1829 

2 N/Amer. 1828 
1^ N. HolL 1824 

1 W.Indies, 
li Jamaica . 1820 
] I Jamaica. 1821 
1 Brasil . 1822 
1 N. ZeaL . 1820 
li I. of Luson. 
1 Canaries 1824 
1 

1 W.Indies 1820 
i Brazil . 1826 
1 W. Indies 1820 
1 W. Indies 1833 



dont&tum . . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. \ W. Indies 1820 
ddntex . . . Brown 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1790 
deprteum . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 
diixbrme . . Brown 8, G. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1823 
dimidi&tum . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. \ W. Indies 1827 
diversifftlium Brown 6, G. Her. P. i Norf. la 1831 
ebteeum . . Brown 7, H. Her. P. } N. Amer. 1779 
elong&tum . Br. yeL 6, & Her. P. 1 Maiao. . 1840 
ordsum . . Br. yeL 6, 8. Her. P. i W. Indies, 
falc&tum . . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. HolL 1825 
Filix-fiteiina3 Brown 4, H. Her. P. 8 Britain, Bh. pi. 
f fssum . . . Brown 4, 8. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1825 
flabellifdllum Brown 7, 8. Her. P. \ N. HolL 1820 
flabellulAtum Brown 6, 8. Her. P. li 
iUocidum . . Brown C, 8. Her. P. 1 N. ZeaL . 1843 
foanicul4ceum Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 
fontAnum 4 . Brown 7, H. Her. P. \ Eng. , water 
formdsum . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 W/lndies 1822 
{Migrans . . Brown 8, 8. Her.P. f Jamaica . 1793 
hJiM 5 . . Brown 7, H. Her. P. ~ ~ 
Ucteum . . Yellow 4, 8. Her. P. 
Ustum . . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 
lanceoUtum . Brown 8, H. Her. P. 
. Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 



longfssimum 
Ibcidum 
maderAue 
marinum 



!8witaerL 1819 
W. Indies. 
W. Indies. 
i England,rocks 
■ ^alac. . 1840 



Yellow 6, 8. Her. P. 4 W. Indies. 

Brown 6, H. Her. P. I Itkdeira . 1828 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. | Brh^kin, rocks, 

melanocaalon Brown 7, H. Her. P. \ N. A^er. 1812 

Hichatizii 6 . Brown 8, H. Hor. P. l} N. Amar. 1823 

"^*^«; } Brown 7.G. Her.P 1 C. G. H. 1790 

mont^num . Brown 7, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1819 

"fum'*^': } Bn.wu «,Q.H«.P.l 

Nidus 2 . . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Indies 1830 
obtus&tum 7 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. li N. HolL 1824 
obtu8i/611um . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 1838 

oligoph^llum Brown 8, S. Hor. P. 1 Bnudl . 1841 
otltes . . . Brown 7, 8. Hor. P. h 1841 

palm&tum 11 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. | B. Eur. . 1816 
persicifblitun . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 I. of Luson. 
Petr&rcha) 8 . Brown 8, H. Her. P. i France . 1819 

Brown 7, 8. Her. P. "" 

Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 

Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 

Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. 

Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 

Brown 6, a Her.P. } W. Indies 1820 

7, 8. Her. P. { Haurit . 1820 

8, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1793 
7, H. Her. P. } N. Amer. 1680 
7, H. Her. P. } Britain. waUs. 
6, 8. Her. P. i W. Indies. 



pbmicatile 
pdlyodon . 
pmmdrsum 
ptUchrum . 
phmilum . 
rachirfaison 
rftiicans9. 
restetum . 
rhLB6phomm . Brown 
rhisoph^llum Brown 
Rtita-murlaia Brown 
salicifZ^lium . Brown 



i E. Indies 1841 
\ N. Zeal. . 1843 
) Jamaica . 1793 
i Jamaica. 
iW. Indies 1823 



. Brown 



**^wSs " ] ^^'^ ^» ^- ^®'-^- ^ lof Leyte 1840 

septentrion&le Brown 7, H. Her. P. i Britain, rocks. 

. Brown 8, 8. Her. P. l} W. Ind. 1793 

. Br. yeL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 India. 

. Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. 1830 

. Brown 8, 8. Her. P 1 W. Ind. 1793 

. Brown 7, a Her. P. ) W. Ind. 1827 

I Brown 7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1828 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. i Britain, rocks. 
. Brown 7, H. Her. P. 
. Brown 6, H. Her. P. i Britain, rocks. 
. Br. yoL 8. Her.P. 1 I. of Luson. 
. Brown 8, a Her. P. 1 Haurit 1820 
. Brown 7, 8. Hor. P. li Caraooas 1820 

See Nartlssus. 
See StizoUbium Urens. 
AssbNiA, Cavanillea, In honour of Ignatius 
d'Asso, a distinguished Spanish botanist. 
Linn. 16, Or. 7, l?at. Or. SUrculidcea. These 
plants are ornamental and of easy cultivation 
in sandy soil ; cuttijjigs are propagated with- 
out difficulty in sand or sandy loam, in heat. 
poplUnoa . . . White 6, 8. Ev. T. 10 Bourbon 1820 
Yibumoldes . . White 6, a Ev. T. 10 Bourbon 1833 

AssUROENT, rising unwards. 

AsTARTBA, Dtcandolie. A mythological name ; 



BorrAtum 
serruli^tum 
Bhoph&xiii 
striatum . 
BulcAtum . 
thelyptero- 1 
Ides 10 . j 
Trich6manes 
T. Har6vil 
vlride . . 
vittsafdrme 
vivfparum 
sanunfdlium 

AssIbacus. 
Asses Eyes. 



AST 



55 



AST 



Astarte, in Syria Venus. Linn. 18, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. MyrtdcecB. An ornamental species, 
three feet hi^ ; for culture. &c., see MelaUiUsa. 
Sifnoni^me: 1, MelaUuca fasciculdris. 
faacicuULriB 1 . . White 5, G. Ev. S. S N. HoIL . 1830 
AsrkLiA, A Broion, From a, without, and 
sUlechoSf a stem. Linn, Nat. Or. Lilidcea. 
Curious plants. They thrive in the green- 
house in a light loamy soil, and produce abun- 
dance of off-sets ; these, if detached and 
planted either in sawdust or yery porous earth, 
with a slight bottom heat, wiU soon produce 
roots. 

Btfnkaii . . . Green 6, G. Her. P. 1 N. ZeaL . 1837 
Cunnmghimil . Green 5, G. Her. P. 1 N. Zeal. . 1860 

AffT^LMA, R. Brovon. From a, privative, and 
aUlmay crown, in allusion to the construction 
of the fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsU- 
rduxa. Beautiful flowering plants, especially 
A. eaimivm ; they grow about three feet high, 
and thrive well in sandy peat soil ; the pots 
must be well drained, and the soil carefully 
watered, or they do not progress freely, but on 
the contrary, the whole plant appears to lan- 
guish ; they delight in a situation near the 
glass, wi^ a free admission of air ; they in- 
crease by seeds, sown in light open soil, or 
cuttings planted in sand, or sandy soil, strike 
without cSfficudty. Synonymes : 1, Elickrpsum 
caniscens. 2, B. frdgrans. 3, B. inibrixMum. 
4, GnapMlium milhfi&rum. 5, Blickrpsum 
ret^um. 6, B. speeiosissimum. 7, B, spirdle, 
8, B. SUxheUna. 9, B. variegdlum. See Bli- 
(Arpsum, 

. Purple 6, G. Ev. B. 2 C. G. H. 17W 
. Crim. 7, G. Bv. 8. 8 C G. H. 1793 
. Pink . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 C. G. H. 1808 
.White 8,G. Bv. B.« CO. H. 1820 
Pa. pur. 7, G. Ev. B. 1 C. G. H. 1802 
. White 7, G. Bv. a IJ G. G. H. 1782 

8, G. Bv. B. 8 C. G. H. 1691 

9, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1801 



candaoens 1 . 
exlmium . . 
fr&j{rans2 . . 
imbric&tumS. 
millefldrum 4 
retdrtum 6 

■pecioefflsimum 6 White 
Bpirile7 . . .White 



White 8, G. Ev. 8. IJ C. G. H. 1801 
Br.wht 6. Q. Bv. B. 2 C. G. H. 1801 



Btfehellnuxn 
-varlQg&tum 9 

Aot^phakxts, R Brown. From a, privative, 
and Stephanos, crown ; in reference to the sta- 
mens. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asclepia- 
ddcMB. These are twining plants of consider- 
able beauty, growing about four feet high, in 
peat and loam, and are increased by division. 
llne&riB . .White. • 7. G. Bv. Tw. 4 C. O. H. 1816 
SflSuB . . White. . 7, G. Bv. Tw. 4 C. G. H. 1816 

AstbbacIntha. From ew^, a star, and 
akanthoy a spine. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Aeanthdcece. ** This is a handsome herbaceous 
greenhouse plant, seeds of which were sent to 
the Horticultural Society by Mr. M'Culloch, 
one of the gardeners to His Highness the 
Pacha of Egypt If care is taken to reduce 
the vigour of the leaves, by not giving the 
plant too much shade and moisture, it becomes 
very handsome ; but if it is permitted to run 
to leaf too much, its beauty is considerably im- 
paired."— -Bo^. Beg. Synonyms : BarUria Ion- 
ffi/dlia. 
longifdUa . . YeUow 7, G. Her. P. 2 Egypt . 1781 

AOTBulcEiB. A large order of plants bearing | 



compound flowers, and generally known as 
Compdsita:. 
AsTBR, Linnceus. From aster, a star; the 
flowers resemble little stars from the rays of 
their circumference. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asterdceae. Manv species of this extensive 
genus are stately and handsome plants, such 
as A. puniceuSf pulchillus, &c. : the expanded 
flowers, which appear in autumn when others 
are over, have been compared to a star, from 
the numerous rays of the circumference ; they 
succeed in any soil or situation, and the her- 
baceous kinds increase abundantly from 
division. A. ArgophpUtts is a very rapid- 
growing species, and forms an ornamental tree 
when planted in the border of a conservatory : 
its leaves have also a fine fragrance resembling 
musk. Synonymes: 1, A. pUmUtts. 2, A. 
pennsylvdnictis. 8, A. unibelldtus. 4, A. dra- 
cunctUoides. 5, Soliddgo Hcolor. 6, A. bi- 
ennis. 7, A, Maryldndica. 8, A. scopdrius. 
9, A. pubiscens. 10, A, oameus. 11, Grin- 
dilia sibirica. 12, A. glaHcus. 18, A. liieidus. 
li, A. leucdnthemus, 15, A. expdnsus. 16, 
A. parviflhrus. \1,A. ledi/dlius. IS, A. ml- 
Idsus. 19, A. fnUiculbsus. 20, A. pinifdlius. 
21, A. amdsnus. 22, A. alpinus ram^sus. 28, 
A. glailcus eydneiLS. 24, A. virgdtus. 25, A. 
hungdricus. 26, A. virgfinicus. 27, A. den- 
tdtus, ferrugineiis. 2S, A. pdtulus, slHctus. 29, 
A. tajuKetifilius, macrdnthera. See CallisUma, 
Brigenm, Burpbia, OcUaUlla, Haxtbnia, and 
Machosranthh-a. 

. Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 
. Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1781 
. White 6, G. Ev. B. 2 N. HoU. 1818 
. Pa.id. 9, H. Her. P. \\ N.Amor. 1806 
. Violet 9, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 
. Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1778 
. White 8, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 
. Purple 6, H. Her. P. 1 Europe 1658 
.White 7, H. Her. P. f Europe 1827 
. Blue . 6, H. Her. P. J Europe. 
. Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Biheria 1804 
.Red . 6, H. Her. P. 1* Caucaa. 1807 
. Violet 7. H. Her. P. l\ PodoUa 1824 
Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Italy . l&oe 

„^^ Pa. bL 8, G. Bv. B. 2 8. Bur. 1696 

amSexicablia 2 Blue 10, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 
amyirclaWnua 8 White 8, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1759 
aiunwtifdliua . Pa. bL 7, G. Ev. B. 6 C. G. H. 1804 
imSinteua . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 1 N.Amer. 1801 
Soph^Uufl. . White 7, G. Ev. B.IO V. D. L. 1804 
artomiaifldrufl 4 White 9, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 
bellldiflarua . . Pa. rd. 9, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 
besaanSbicua . Purple 9, H. Her. P. 2 Ruaala 1834 



abbrevi&tua 
ftcria . . . 
acule&tua 
acuminitua 
adultertuua . 



iQbua . 

alplnua . . . 

fl5re-flbo . . 

nundeua . . 

altalcua 1 . . 

alwart^naia . . 

amelloldea . . 

Am611ua . . . 

aiifluetiibliua 



hloolor 5 
hifl6ru8 . . 
bli£ndu8 . . 
cabhlicua 
can^aoena 6 . 
cimua . . . 
earolini&nuB 
caaaiartEbicua 
cauctfaicua . 
ohryaanthem- 
oldea 29 . 
oilUktua . . 
ooncinnua . 
oteoolor . . 
oonvzoldoa 7 
cordif51iua . 
ooridifMiua . 
eomifdliua . 
eorymbdaua. 
CymbaUkrife 



. W. yeL 8. H. Her. P. 8 N.Amer. 1759 
.Violet 8, H. Her. P. 4Caucaa. 1820 
. Pa.bL 10, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1800 
. White . H. Her. P. 2 India . 1848 
. Violet 9, H. B. 2 N.Amer. 1812 

. Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 1816 
. Purple 9, G. Bv. B. 8 CaroDna. 
. Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Ruaaia 1834 
. Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucaa. 1804 
I Violet 6, G. Her. P. 8 Mexico 1848 
. White 0, H. Her. P. 8 
. Purp. 10, H. Her. P. 2 
. Purp. 10, H. Her. P. 1 
.White 9, H. Her. P. 1 
. Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 
. Pa.bl. 10, H. Her. P. 1 
. White 10, H. Her. P. 8 
. YHiitelO, H.Her.P. 2 
. White 9, Q. Ev. 8. 2 



N. Amer. 
N.Amer. 1800 
N.Amer. 1769 
N.Amer. 1778 
N.Amer. 1769 
N.Amer. 
N.Amer. 1811 
N.Amer. 1765 
C. G. H. 1786 



AST 



56 



AST 



oydneus . . . 

descrtdrum . . 

difllisus S . . 

divaric4tus . . 
draouQCuloldes 

dumbsua . . . 

Aof?ans . . . 

Anlnens 9 . . 

vir^fneus . . 

ericoldes . . . 

emb^scens . . 

exAsperiktus. . 

fiIif5Uus . . . 

ffrmufl . . . 

floribtindua . . 

foliol5su8 . . . 

foU^BUS . . . 

flr^lislO . . 

fhiticuldsuji. . 

grtbriliii . . . 

graminifMiua . 

grandifl6ru8 . 

grartelens . . 

neterophyllus . 

hfspiduii . . . 

htimilis . . . 

hyfisopifbliua . 

ib^ricus . . . 

inclsufl 11 • . 

inuloldes . . 

lAnceus . . . 
Levigiitus IS 

UsTifllS . . . 

lanoaoUktos . . 

Iazifl6ru8 . . 

UxusU . . . 

linarifdliua . . 

linifblius. . . 

llr&tus . . . 

lonffifdlius . . 

lusiunicuB . . 

luxtirians 16 . 

macrophfUiu . 

xnai^n&tiu . . 

montAuus . . 

multiflbrus . . 

muttfbilis . . 

myrsiaoldes . 

myrtifdlius . . 

nemorfiis 17 . 

N6vffi-AnglifB . 

rilbor . . . 

N5v»-B^ffU . 

nudifldrus . . 

oblongifdlJua . 

obtiisatiis . . 

ptfllena . . . 

paluddsuB . . 
piuilculAtufl 

pannbaicus . . 

p&tena . . . 

paudfldrus . . 

I>dndulus . • . 

IMjrogrlniu . . 

phlogifftljus . . 

pildHiis 18 . . 

plATitaginao- ) 

f 5Uu8 . . f 

plurifldruB 10 . 
polyph^^Uua 20 . 

pra&ltus . . . 

prribcox . . . 

prenAntholdes . 

pulchdllus . . 

pulch^niinuB . 

punctatiM . . 

punfoeus SI . . 

demfssus . . 

pyren^ufl . . 

r^dula . . . 

ram5«nfl SS . . 

recti rv&tu8 . . 

refl^xiis . . . 

reticuUtufl . . 

rig^dulua . . . 

rfgidiis . . . 



Blue . 9, H. 
Bluo . 7, H. 
White 10, H. 
White 9,H. 
White 11, H. 
White 10, H. 
Blue . 9, a. 
Bluo 10, H. 
W. yeL 8, H. 
White 9. H. 
Red . 6, O. 
White 6,0. 
White 6, O. 
Red . 8,H. 
Purple 9, H, 
Pa.bL 10, H. 
White 9, H. 
Flesh 9. H. 
Blue . 6, O. 
Qreen 8, H. 
Pa pr. 10, H. 
Blue 11, H. 
H. 
White 8,H. 
White 9, H. 
White 9, H. 
Papr 9, H. 
PiriilL^ 8, H. 
nine . 8, H. 
UM . 8, H. 
t tt Hh 9, H. 
9 H. 



llhLO . 



9. H. 

9. H. 

9, H. 
WlntelO, H. 
Vh. bl 9, H. 
Vthliv 7, H. 
\Vl,1fo 6, G. 
Wl.ji-lO, H. 
Blue . 6, H. 
Bluo . 9, H. 
White 8, H. 
Violet 7, H. 
H. 
White 9, H. 
Purple 9, H. 
Pft pr. 6, G. 
White 8, H, 
Lilac . 8, H. 
Purple 9, H. 
Rod . 7, H. 
Pr. bL 9, H. 
Purple 8, H. 
Lilac . 7, H. 
White 6, G. 
Violet 9, H. 
Blue . 8, H. 
Blue . 9, H. 
Violet 7, H. 
Purp. 10, H. 
White 9, H. 
White 9, H. 
Blue . 7, H. 
Violet 9, H. 
Pa. bL 9, H. 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Bv. a 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. a 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
By. S. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 



N.Amer. 1789 
8iberia 1820 
N. Amer. 1777 
N.Amer. 1800 
Tauria . 1811 
N.Amer. 1734 
. . .1790 
N. Amer. 
U. 8tates. 
N.Amer. 1758 
N.Holland. 
C. O. H. 1828 
C. C. H. 1812 
N.Amer. 1816 
N. Amer. 
N.Amer. 1788 
N.Amer. 1799 
N.Amer. 1800 
J C. G. H. 1769 
1 N.Amer. 

8 N.Amer. 1780 
8 ArkanaaBl820 
8 N.Amer. 1811 
1 China . 1804 
1 N.Amer. 1699 
8 N.Amer. 1683 
U Iberia. 
li Siberia . 1818 
1 Nepal 

N.Amer. 1768 

N.Amer. 1794 

N.Amer. 1768 

N.Amer. 1811 

N. Amer. 

N. Amer. 

I N.Amer. 1699 

H N.Amer. 1739 

8 N. 8. W. 1812 

3 N.Amer. 1798 
1 Spain . 1826 
6 N.Amer^ 1816 
8 N.Amer. 1739 

I N. Gran. 1827 

1 Carolina. 
N.Amer. 1782 
N.Amer. 1710 
N. HolL 1825 
. 1812 
N.Amer. 1778 
N.Amer. 1710 
N Amer. 1812 
N.Amer. 1710 
N. Amor. 

1| N.Amer. 1797 

4 C. G. H. 1793 
N. Amer. 
N.Amer. 1784 
N.Amer. 1640 
Hungaryieid 
N.Amer. 1773 
MiMouri. 
N.Amer. 1758 
N. Amer. 

N. Amer. 1797 
N.Amer. 1812 



White 8, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amor. 



White 6, 
White 9, 
VermL 9, 
Violet 7, 
Blue . 9, 
Purple 6, 
Blue .9, 
Violet 8, 
Bluo . 9, 
Blue . 9, 
Violet 7, 
White 10, 
Pr.rd- 6, 
Pa. bl. 8, 
Crim. 7, 
White 7, 
Blue . 9. 
Purple 9, 



G. Ev. 8. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. 8. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



8 C. G. H. 1769 

8 N. Amer. 

, 6 N.Amer. 1800 

8 N.Amer. 1800 

3 N.Amer. 1821 
1 Armenia, 
li N.Amor. 1810 

, 8 Hungary 181 5 

8 N.Amer. 1710 

4 Gardens 1820 
8 Pyrenees. 
8 N.Amer. 1785 

f N.Amor. 1816 

3 N.Amer. 1800 

3 C. G. H. 1769 

3 N.Amer. 1812 

3 N.Amer. 1816 

1 N.Amer. 1769 



rivuULris . . . White 8, H. 
rubricatdis 83 . Purple 9, H. 
Ba|9ritta)fftlius . Blue . 6, H. 



saiieifbUus 84 
8aUgnus26 . 
■an^nilneua . 
Schreb^ri . 
serfceua . . 
serotinus. . 
iieasilifl6rufl . 
siblricus . . 
aikkim^nsis 
simplex 26 . 
solidaginoldes 
BXMtrsilbrus . 
specttfbilis . 
spbrius . . 
squarrOsufl . 
stelluUktus . 
strfctus . . 
BubulAtuB . 
8urcul66us . 
tardifl6rus . 
tart^cus . 
ten^us . . 
tenuifMius . 
tomentdsus 87 



Flesh 9. H 
. White 9, H. 
.Blue .9,H. 
. White 8. H. 
. Blue . 8. G. 
. Blue . 8, H. 
. Red . 10, H. 
. Blue . 8, H. 
. Purple 9, G. 
. W.pur. 9, H. 
.White 8,H. 
. Pa.pr. 10, H. 
. Blue . 8. H. 
. Blue . 9, H. 
. Blue . 6, H. 
. Violet 6, G. 
. Violet 10, H. 
. Pa. bL 9, H. 
. Purple 8, H. 
. Blue . 9, H. 
. White 8, H. 
. Blue . 8, G. 
. White 8, H. 

Pink . 7, G. 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. T. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
B. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 
Her. P. 



N.Amer. 1820 
N.Amer. 1815 
N.Amer. 1700 
N.Amer. 1760, 
Germany 1815 
N. Amer. 
N. Amer. 
C. G. H. 1786 
N. Amer. 
N.Amer. 1700 
Siberia . 1768 
Sikklm 1849 
N. Amer. 
N.Amer. 1699 
N.Amer. 1798 
N.Amer. 1777 
N.Amer. 1789 
li N.Amer. 1801 
3 V. D. L. 1828 
i N.Amer. 1806 
8 N.Amer. 
li N. Amer. 
8 N.Amer. 1775 
1 Tartary 1818 
i C. G. H. 1769 
3 N.Amer. 1723 
li N. 8. W. 1725 
1 N. Amer. 
3 N.Amer. 1633 
8 Nopal . 1818 
S Brit, sea sh. 
8 N.Amer. 1699 

3 N.Amer. 1790 

4 C. G. H. 1818 
8 N.Amer. 1800 



, tortifbllus . . Purple 9, H. 

Tradescitnti . . White 8, H. 

trin«rvl« . . . White 8, H. 

TripbUum . . Blue . 8, H. 

unduUtus . . Purple 9, H. 

versfoolor . . W.pur. 8, H. 

vill6sus . . . White 5, G. 

vimlneufl . . Blue . 9, H. 

divSrgenSf miser 16. 

AsTJ^RLAS. See Stapilia. 

ASTERIAS, stellate, starry. 

AsTERtecns. See SUphium. 

AsTEROC^PHALUS, VaillarU. From ast/ir^ a star, 
kephale^ head ; in allusion to the seed. Liniu 
4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Dipsacdcuz, Ycty showy 
plants, ffTOwinff about two feet high in common 
soil, and may be readily increased from seeds 
or cuttings, under a hand-glass, in the same 
kind of soil. Syrumymes: 1, Seabidsa afri' 
edna, 2, S. agristis. 3, S. altimma africana, 
indurdta, 4, 8. amdsna nUida. 5, S. arg&nUa, 
6, 8. atropurpHrca, 7, 8. hawndtiea^ CoiikmnoR. 
8, 8. BichersUlnvL 9, 8. carUseens. 10, 8. 
capilldta, mOllis. 11, 8. cauedsea, 12, 8. 
cercUopkplla pildsa. 13, 8, Cohmbdria. 14, 
8. commtUdta, 15, 8, cre^idto, coronopifblia, 
16, 8. erotica, 17, 8. fUgans. 18, 8. grami- 
nifdlia. 19, 8. gramUntia. 20, 8. grandi- 
Jldra. 21, 8, holoserlcea. 22, 8. incHna. 23, 
iSi. irUermMia. 24, 8. iseUnsii. 25, j8^. legio- 
ninsis. 26, 8. Iticida. 27, 8. liUea. 28, 8, 
lyrdla, 29, 8. marUinia. 30, 5. micrdntha, 
81, 8. mollissima. 32, 8. ncgUcta. 33, 8, 
nUeTis. 34, 8, odiroUica. 35, 8, palaUina. 
86, 8. paudsHa. 37, 8. pcclindta. 38, 8, 
proUfera. 89, S. pyrenaica. 40, 8. rotdta. 41, 
8. rupisiris. 42, 8, rutcRfblia. 43, 8. saxdiilis, 
44, 8. 8cdpolii. 45, 8, seiifcra. 46, 8. siaUa, 
47, 8. siUnifblia, 48, 8. simplex. 49. 8. sUU 
Idta, laxifldra. 50, 8. tomentdsa. 51, 8. 
iicrdnica. 52, 8. urceoldta. 53. Webbidna. 
See8cabi6sa. 

aWcAnus 1 . . White 8, G. Bv. 8. 6 Africa . 1600 

agr^stis 8 . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Hungaryl818 

artlMimus3. .Blue . 8, G. Ev. 8.5 Africa .1819 

amdbnus 4 . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. 8 . 1820 

arg^teus 5 . . White 8, H. Her. P. 8 Levant . 1713 



AST 



57 



AST 



atropurpH- ) 

reus . . ) 

eOma . . 

c&meus . . 

proUferuB . 

r&setui . . 

Tariog&tuB . 
banudQcuB . 

filbus . . 
Bieberatelnii 8 
candscens 9 . 
capm&tuB 10 
cauc^eus 11 
ceratoph^llus 12 
coiumbikriufl 13 
comixiuU^tue 14 
oren&tua 15 . . 
cr^ticus 16 . . 
Slogans 17 . . 
graniinif61iusl8 
{pamfbitius 19 . 
grandifl6ru8 20 
holoBerfoeus 21 
incftnus 22 . . 
intermMius 28 
i0eUnBLB24 . . 
legion^xuls 85 . 
llicidus 26 . . 
l&teuB 27 . . . 
lyrfttus 28 . . 
marftiiDus 29 . 
micrftithus 80 . 
molUssimua 31 
negldctuB 82 
nliena 33 . . . 
ochroletiouB 34 . 
pabasUnufl 85. 
paucia^tus 30 . 
poctin&tus 87 . 
prollferus 38 . 
pyrtmalcusSQ . 
rotlktus 40 . . 
rup^trls 41 . . 
rutief61iuB 48 . 
Bax&tma 48 . . 
8c<5poIii44 . . 
8etireru8 45 . . 
Bfctiltu 46 . . 
sUenif blius 47 , 
simplex 48 . . 
steU&tuB 49 . . 
tomentdBUB 50 . 
ucrtoicuB 51 . 
urceol&tuB 52 . 
WebbJiaiuB58 . 



Brown 7, 

White 
FloBh 7i 
Purple 7» 
Red .7, 
Varieg. 7, 
Pink - 
White 
Pink 
LilAO 
Violet 
Blue 
Red 
Purple 7, 
Blue . 7, 
Flesh 8, 
Purple 6, 
Lt bL 6, 
Blue 
Lt. bL 
White 
Blue 
Red 
Blue 
White 
Pink 
Blue . 
Yellow 6. 
Purple 7, 
Purple 7, 
Pink .7, 
White 6, 
Red .6, 
.6, 
YeUow 7, 
Citron 7, 
Straw 7, 
Violet 7, 
Yellow 7, 
Piuple7, 
Pink . 7, 
Pink .7, 
Scarlet 7, 
Pink .7, 
Straw 7, 
White 
Pink 
Red 
White 
Blue 
Blue 
LtyeL 7, 
Yellow 7, 
White 7, 



A. 4 E. Ind. 1629 



H. A. 

H. A. 
H. A. 
H. A. 
H. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Et. B. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H, A. 

H.Her.P. 
H. A, 

H.Her.P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A, 

H.Her.P 
H, A. 

H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



3 Kind. 1629 
3 E. Ind. 1629 
3 E.Ind. 1629 
8 E.Ind. 1629 
8 Kind. 1629 
8 Hungaiyl802 
8 Garduns. . 
l\ Iberia . 18S3 

1 Hungary 1802 

2 . 1820 
1 GaucasuslSOS 
8 Italy . 1826 
1 Brit., dry pL 
1 Siberia . 1826 
8 Italy . 1825 
1 Crete .1596 
1 & Bur. 1813 
1 Switserl. 1688 
1 8, Bur. 1597 
8 Barbary 1804 
1 Pyrenee8l818 
1 Europe 1826 
1^ 8. Eur. 1824 
1 Siberia 1801 
U Spain .1820 
8 Daphny. 1800 
a Russia . 1820 

1 Turkey 1799 

2 Italy .1683 

1 Armenia 1825 
8 Italy . 1820 
1^ Gcrmanyl825 

2 AroreB 1779 
1 Germanyl517 

1 PaleBtinel771 

2 8. EOT. 1827 
1^ Arabia 18-J4 
1 Egypt 1683 
1 S. France 1819 
li Iberia .1828 
1 CaucaBual824 
1 Sicily . 1804 

1 Spain . 1827 

2 S. Eur. 1818 
8 S. France 1826 

1 SicUy . 1783 
l\ Hungaryl826 

2 S. Eur. 1820 
1^ Spain .1506 
l{ Spain . 1827 
1 Ukraine 1795 
8 Barbniy 1804 

^ Mt Ida 1818 



Aster6linon, J/ink. Aster, a star, and Hnum, 
flax. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. PrimuldceoB. 
See Lysimdchia, 

Aster5ma, DecandolU, Supposed to be named 
from ctsUTj on account of their resemblance to 
a stai'. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Ih^dindeecB. 
The substances referred to this genus are 
merely cobweb-like line^ discernible upon the 
leaves of elm, ash, and sometimes apple-trees. 
— Alcheniill^By Frdxini, Pddi, PrunSllcBf Ppri, 
reticuldta, Chni. 

AsteiuSfhora, DiUmar. Named from aster, a 
star, and pJioreo to bear. Linn. 24, Or. 9, 
Nat Or. Botrytduxas. This curious production 
is said to be peculiar to rotten mushrooms — 
lycopa-doidea. 

Astbr6thrix, Deccmdolle. From aster, a 
star, and thrix, hair. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. AsterdLcece. See Apdrgia. 

AfiTEROTRfcHiON, Lindley. Linn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. McUvdcece. Synonyme : 1, PloffidnUius 
sidcides — sidoides 1. 

AsrfLBE, Hamilton. From a, privative, and 



stUbe, brightness ; plants opaque. Linn. 10, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. SaxifragdcecB. This genus is 
ornamental, attaining six feet in height ; it 
grows best in open peat, and is multiplied by 
divisions. Syrumyme : 1, TtanrUla bitemdta. 
dectfndra, 1 White . 6, H. Her. P. Carolina . 1812 
rhbra . . Rose. . 8, H. Her. P. 6 Bengid .1856 

rivulAris. 

AsrfRiA. See Astpria. 

AstrAgalus, Linnoeiis. From astragaios, ver- 
tebra, or talus, the seeds being squeezed into 
a squarish form in some of the spcies. It is 
also a name given by the Greeks to one of 
their leguminous plants. Linn. 17y Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Pubdceoi. This genus is extensive, 
and the species are many of them very hand- 
some, and well suited for the flower-garden ; 
the herbaceous kinds merely reouire planting 
in the open air ; the annual Icinds sowing 
where they are to flower. A. lotc^des is the 
handsomest, and should be sown in a mode- 
rately-heating hotbed, and planted out in the 
borders when sufficiently strong. Synanymes : 
1, A. camosus; 2, A- maerorkhsus ; 8, A. 
viriscens ; 4, A. mdUteophifllua ; 5, Phdca 
vesieMa ; 6, A. tragacan&xMes ; 7, A. tenui- 
fdlitLS ; 8, A. siinicus ; 9, A, micrdnthns ; 
10, Phdea trianguldris; W, A. dlbidua; 12, 
A. aZopeeuroides. See OuldenstdMUia, Oxp- 
trqpis, PMbca, and Sophhra, 



acutifdliuB 
adsdrgens 

prostriktus 
adtincus . 
nglceros . 
alopteios 



. 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. Piuple 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. PayoL 7, 
. Yellow 6, 



alopocuroldes . LtyeL 7, 
Anunod^tes .White 7, 



annul&ns 

arenlLrius 

arist&tus . 

isper . . 

austrlacuB 

U^ticiia . . 

baical&iBiB . 

bayon^nsis . 

brachydUrpufl 

brachyceras . 

brevifl5ruB . 

I^coras . . . 

buchtorm^nsifl. Tellow 0, 

calyclnus . . Yellow 8, 

canaddosis . . Pa.yeL 7, 

canaliculJlLtuB . White 7, 

caprlnus . . . Pay el. 7, 

cajiit&tus . . Pa.yeL 7, 

caroliniAnufl . Gr.yeL 7^ 

caryoc&rpuB 1 . Purple 7, 

cauctfeicua . 

cbinAifiis 

chlorostdchys 

chxistilknus . 

Clcer . . . 

cruciiitus . . Violet 7, 
cymbe9CJLrim« . White 7, 
dahhricus 



. Purple 7j 
. Blue . 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. PayeL 7, 
. Pa.blu. 7, 
. Pavel. 7, 
. Yellow 8, 
. Purple 7, 
. Purple 7i 
.Yellow 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. PaveL 7, 



.White 7, 
. Pa.yeL 7^ 
. Gr.yeL 9, 
. Payel. 7, 
. Yellow 7, 



dasylCnthuB . 
duiygldttis . 
demid&tua . 
dejOT^BSua . 
difftisus . . 
Doni&nufl 2 . 
ochlnuB . . 
omargin&tua 
opigl6ttIs . 



, Purple 6, 
, Purple 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. Pa.yoL 7, 
. PayeL 7^ 
. Purple 7, 
. Purple 7t 
. Pa.yol. 7, 
. PayeL 7, 



!8wltBerL1826 
Siberia 1820 
Siberia 
Caucaa. 



1818 
1819 
1818 
1800 
1737 
1820 
1800 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tr. A, 1 
H. Her. P. 8 Siberia 
H. Her.P. 2 Spain 
H. Ey. S. 4 Siberia 
H, Tr. A. 14 Egypt 
H. De Tr. 1 Qermanyl798 
H. Ey. S. 1 Pyrenee8l791 
H. Her. P. 8 Astracan 1796 
H.Her.P. ^Austria 1640 
H. Tr. A, 1 8. Eur. 1769 
H. Her. P. 1 Siberia 1830 
H. Her. P. i France 1816 
H. De. Tr. 1, r Caucas. 1820 
H. A. r Tauria . 1828 

F. By. S. Armenia 1820 
H. Tr. A. 1 . 1818 

H.Her. P. ^Siberia 1818 
H. Her. P. 1 Caucas . 1819 
H. Her. P. IJ N.Amer. 1782 
H. A. 2 . 1816 

H. Her.P. 1 Barbary 1683 
H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1769 
H. Her. P. IJ N.Amer. 1782 
H. Her. B. 1 Spain . 1800 
H.Ey. a 1 Caucas. 1824 
O. Her. P. 1 China . 1795 



H.Her.P. 1 
H. Her. P. 8 
H. Tr. A. 2 



Nepal . 1824 
Armenia 1737 
Europe 1670 

Siberia 1764 



H. Tr. A. 1 

H. Tr. A. IJ . 1820 

H. Tr. A. } Spain . 1800 
H. Her. P. 1 Dahurla 1822 
H.Her.P. 1 Hungaryl819 
H. De. Tr. i Siberia 1818 
H. Her. P. 1 

H. De. Tr. 1 Europe 1772 
H, Her. P. X Caspia . 1820 
H.De. Tr. J Nepal .1812 
H. Her. P. 1 

H. Her. P. 1 8. Bur. 1825 
H.De. lY. J 8. Bur. 1787 



AST 



58 



AST 



folcituaS . . 
falcifdrmifl . . 
fruticftsiu . . 
galegUbrmia 4 . 

fflycvplxylloldes 
glyc^Uua 



licicabus 

liAinftaiU . . . 

macTOc^ufl . 
faymenocArpits . 

hypogl6ttLi . . 

flbiia . . . 

incluiiui . . . 

ix^tus . . . 

lactifl&ruB . . 

bmfgerusO . . 

Laxm^nni . . 

leontlnus . . 
leptoph^lluB 

leuoophibus . . 

liuearifbUuB 7 . 

longifl6rui . . 

lotoldea 8 . . 
macroctfpbalut 

maredticus . . 

miLxiinuB . . 

xnelilotoldes . 

micribithua . . 

microphallus . 
moxupeasu- ) 
lAnus . . J 

flbua . . . 
narbonfoidt 

negltetus . . 

NuttolliAnusQ . 

odor&tuB . . . 
onobrychioldes 

Onobr^ehis . . 

ot6pterua . . 

oxygl6tti8 . . 

PalUsli . . . 

palMscem . . 

pentagl6ttia. . 

I^ysMes . . 

pla^h^llus . 

p6nticu8 . . . 

Pot^xim . . 
procdmbexui 

purptirous . . 

r^taiia . . . 

retioulArbi . . 
■emibilocul&ris 

•ea^meuB . . 

■oorpioldea . . 
BohanginiikQUB . 

■tdpulAtua . . 
■trobilffenis 

sylvio^luB . . 

sUUa . . . . 

■ubuUltuB . . 
■aocul&itui 

■ulclttus . . . 

tatiricus . . . 

tastictd&tua . . 

tomentdsiu . . 
Tragacltntlia 
criaofftiUria 10 . 

tribuloldea . . 

trlmdstria . . 

trlm6rphufl . . 

tIkmidiiB . . . 

uliginteua . . 

utriger . . . 
vesidLrius 11 

▼imlneua . . 

TirglLtua . . . 

▼ulpinuBlS . . 



Yellow?, 

Gr.yoL 

Pa.yeL 

Violet 

Yel.gr. 

Purple 

Pa.yeL 

YeLgr. 

Purple 

Pa.yeL 

Pa.yeL 

PayeL 

Yellow 

Purple 

White 

Purple 

Purple 

Striped e; 

YeUow- 

Purple 

Blue . 

White 

W.yeL 

Purple 

Yellow 

Red . 

Yellow 

Lilao . 

Yellow 

Purple 

Pa.yeL 

Yellow 

Purple 

White 

Pa.yel. 

Yellow 

Blue . 

Pa.yeL 

Purple 

Piuple 

Pa.bL 

Blue . 

Purple 

Pa^yeL 

Purple 

Purple 

Pa.yeL 

Pa.yeL 

White 

YeLbL 

Purple 

White 

Blue . 

Pa.yel. 

Pa.bL 

Pa.bL 

Blue 

Yellow 

Pxuple 

Pui-ple 

Blue . 

PiUT)le 

Purple 

Lt. k 

Purple 

Fla. w. 

Pa.yeL 

Pa.yeL 

Pa.yeL 

Purple 

Pa.yeL 

Piuple 

Pa.yeL 

Pa.yeL 

Yellow 

W. yel. 

PujT)le 

Violet 

LtyeL 



AstrXnthus, Loureiro. 
and anthos, a flower 
star-like manner, 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.De. & 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tr. A. 
H. De. Tr. 
H-De.Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De.Tr. 
H. De. Tr. 
H Her. P. 
H. De.Tr. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H.De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. De. Tr. 
H.Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



^ Hungaryl827 
8 Siberia. 
1) Algiers 1810 
l( Siberia 1804 

2 Siberia 1729 
^ Spain . 1596 

1 Iberia . 1818 
S Brit ,ch. woo. 
1 N. Amer.1821 

^ ArmeQial800 
1 Spain . 1683 

^ S. Eur. . 1820 
S Russia . 1835 

IBrit Sa. he. 
Qardena 
Montpel. 1759 
1 Mendojsal827 
1& Siberia 1832 
I Egypt . 1791 
1 Siberia 1814 

! Austria 1816 
Barbary 1811 
. 1776 
1 Siberia 1780 

♦ Tartary 1806 
I China . 1763 

1 Caucas . 1831 

* Egypt .1817 
S America. 

3 Siberia 1785 
1 . 1800 
1 Siberia 1773 



H. Ey, Tr. 1 France 1710 



H. Bv. Tr. 
U. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Ev. S. 
P. Her. P. 
H. De Tr. 
G. Et. Cr. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H.Tr. A. 
H. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Ey. & 
H. A. 

H.Tr. A. 
H.Tr. A. 
H.Tr. A. 
H.Et. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. S. 
H. Her. P. 



1 S. Europe. 

3 S. Eur. 1789 
1 Siberia 1826 
t America 1820 

2 S. Eur. 1820 
1 Iberia . 1819 
1^ Austria 1640 
1 Altai .1817 

1 Tauria 1817 
\ CaspU 1818 
1 Siberia. 
I Spain . 1789 
} Siberia 1759 

1 Siberia 1824 

2 Tauria 1820 
Levant 1640 

I CliUe . 1832 
}S. France 1820 
4 Mexico 1818 
i Iberia . 1828 
U Siberia 1804 
1 S. Eur. 1616 
1 Spain . 1816 
1 Siberia 1832 
1 Nepal . 1822 
^ S. Eur. 1836 
1 Armenia 1831 
^ S. Eur. 1658 
1 Siberia 1820 
1 N.Amer. 1827 

4 Siberia 1785 
i Tauria . 1826 
I Tauria . 1818 

8 Egypt . 1800 

1 & Eur. 
1 

ii^ypt 

(Egypt .1730 
S. Eur. 1816 
Egypt . 1816 

2 Siberia 1752 

! Russia 1818 
Europe 1737 
Siberia 1816 
8 Siberia 1806 
2 Caucas. 1815 



1640 
1818 
1817 



From cutron, a star, 

segments radiating in a 

Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat Or. 



BomcUiduce. This species is coriouSi it grows 



cami61ica . Striped 
cauc^Lsica 1 Pink . 
m&jor . . Striped 
m^ima2. Pink . 
minor . . Pink . 
pauciflbra . White 



about four feet high, and will succeed in any 
rich soil ; cuttings in sand strike freely, 
cochhi-chindnsis White . 7, O. E^. & 4 China . 1823 
AstrXntia, Linnatus. From asiroUf a star, and 
arUif comparison ; in reference to the appear- 
ance of the umbels of flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 
2, Nat Or. ApidcecB. This is a pretty genus ; 
the plants grow from half a foot to two feet 
high, and succeed well in the flower-border. 
A. vivkwyr requires to be grown in pots, and 
protected in a pit or frame in winter ; in- 
creased by seeds. Synonyines: 1, A. inter- 
midia; 2J A. hellebori/oUa, JuUerophplla. ^e 
I>6ndUi. 

6, H. Her. P. 1 CamioU 1812 

7, H. Her. P. ^ Caucasus 1818 

6, H. Her. P. 2 Alp. Eur. 1596 

7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1804 

6, H. Her. P. I SwitserL 1686 

7, H. Her. P. | Sicily . . 1820 

AstrapAa, Lindky. Named from astrape, 
lightning, bright colour of the flowers. Linn. 
16, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Sterculidcece. These are 
splendid plants, especially A. Wallichiif which 
may be considerea one of the finest plants 
that ever was introduced ; when loaded with 
its magnificent flowers, we think nothing can 
exceed its grandeur ; there are other species 
in the collections about London, but we have 
not yet seen their flowers ; they grow freely 
in any rich soil, or a mixture of loam and 
peat suits them very well ; young cuttings 
planted in mould, and placed under a hand 
glass in heat, will soon strike root Syno- 
nymes: 1, J>6mbeya mdUis. See Dornbeya. 
mollis 1 . Pink . 3, S. Ev. T. 20 MauriUua . 1820 
tiliwf61ia . Pink . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Bourbon . 1824 
viscdsa. . Pink . 4, S Ev. T. 15 Madagascar 1823 
Walltchii . Pmk . 7, S. Ev. T. 25 Madagascar 1820 
AstrocArtum, Meyer, From astron, a 
star, a karyon^ nut ; in allusion to the fruit 
Linn. 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Palmdcece. A genus 
of very ornamental trees, attaining the height 
of from ten to forty feet, thriving best in 
rich loamy soil, and increasing plentuuUy from 
seeds. Synonymes: 1. A. Ayri. 
acahle . . . White 7, S. Palm. 10 Brasil . 
acule4tum . White 6, S. Palm. 30 Guinea 

White 8, S. Palm. 10 BrazU . 

White 7, S. Pahn. 40 BnuU . 

White 10, a Palm. 80 Brazil . 

White 8, S. Palm. 20 Amason 

White 10, S. Palm. 80 Bnudl . 

Decandolle, From astrony 



1820 
1824 
1826 
1825 
1854 
1840 
1825 



camptetre 
Murumhru 
rostrJLtum 1 . 
Tuchma . . 
Tulg&re . . 

ASTROIibBIUM, 
star, and loboa, a pod ; in reference to the dis- 
position of the pods. Linn. 14, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or. FabdcecB, Very pretty dwarf annuals, 
with an abundance of yellow flowers ; they 
grow freely in anv soil, and ripen abundance 
of seed, by whicli they may be multiplied. 
Synonymes : 1, OmUhopus diLrus ; 2, 0. ebrac- 
tedUua; 3, 0. repdndtts; 4. 0. Morpiuides. 
dhrum 1 . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Spain . . 1816 
ebracteitum 2 YeUow 7, H. A. J S. Bur. . 1700 
reptfndum 3 . Yellow 7, H. A. 4 Barbary . 1805 
soorpioldes 4 . Yellow 7, H. A. i & Eur. . 1506 

AsTROLbMA, jRobert Brovm. From astroUf a 
star, and loma^ a fringe ; the limb of the 
corolla being bearded. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. EpacriddceoB. This most beautiful genus 



AST 



59 



ATH 



should be in every collection ; they make little 
bushes about a foot high, and thrive best in 
sandy loam and peat mixed, with the pots 
well drained, and the plants cautiously 
watered ; cuttings root in saud under a glass, 
dentlculiitum . Pa. TtL 7, O. Br. & 1 N. BolL . 1824 
humifiuum . Scarlet 7, O. Ev. S. 1 N. 8. W. . 1807 

Astb6phttum. See Eckinocdctua. 

A8TBOSp6riuic, Kume. From aster, a star, and 
sporoj a sporule, alluding to the form of the 
sporules. Linn, 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Uredi- 
mteece. A minute curious black substance, 
discovered on dead beech branches — Moff- 
mdnni, 

AsTBOTRicHE. From cutron, a star, and thrix, 
hair, in allusion to the calyx. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. Apiacea. Evei^green shrubs, grow- 
ing freelv in ^sandy loam and peat, and easily 
increased by cuttings planted in sand under a 
glass. Synanymes: 1, Bhlax Jlocedldes, 
flooc68a 1 . . White . 6, O. Ev. 8. 1 N. HoU. . 1825 
Isdifdiia . . . White . 5, G. £v. a 1 N. HoU. . 1830 

Astoria, Lindley. From a, privative, and 
steiraSf sterile ; in allusion to the want of 
sterile stamens. Linn. 16,- Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Bytineridcea. A rather interesting stove plant, 
with fine broad heart-shaped leaves, and close 
clusters of piuk flowers. For culture, refer to 
Ruizia. 
H«ea • . . Fink . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Mauritius . 1848 

AbtstAsla, Endl. Derivation unknown. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthd^ece. Indian plants 
requiring stove heat, and light soil, with 
treatment, like the various species of Ruellia. 
Synonymes: 1, Ruillia coromandelidna, R. se- 
cUndOf R, intrHsaj R. obUqtta, Justicia gangi- 
tiea; 2, Hinfreya xdndefiu, Asystdsia quaUrna, 
Ruillia quaUma. 

ooromandoliikiia 1 Purple . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 4 India . 1S46 
ntfndeuB 2 . . Craam pk.7, 8. Cli 8. 6 Africa 1843 

AtAocia, Kih. Malay name. Limn, 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Tacedcece. Perennials resembling 
the Tacca in habit, growing freely in any light 
soil, and increased by division. Synonymes : 
1, T. inUgrifblia ; 2, Tcxca cristdltif T. Raffles- 
iikna. See Tacca. 

tftpere 1 . . Dk. pur. 6, 8. Ev. P. 1^ R Indies 1810 
cristtta 8 . Dk. pur. 6, 8. Ev. P. l} E. Indies 1840 

AtaiJLnthus, D. Don. From aUUo8, soft, and 
anthos, a flower; in reference to the softness 
of the flowers. Zdnn. 19, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Asterdceoa. These are species of little beauty, 
and easy cultivation — arh&reuSf pinnMus, spi- 
nbeus. 

AtalXktia, Correa. The fruit of this shrub is 
of a golden yellow colour, whence the name 
from Atalanta the daughter of SchoBnus ; so 
swift that she promised to marry him who 
outran her, and by casting three golden apples 
in her way, she was overtaken by Hippomenes. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AwraniideetB. This 
species is ornamental, and attains about four 
feet in height ; it succeeds in any rich soil, 
and increases freely from cuttings in sand under 
a glass in heat. Synonyme: 1, Limdnium 
fnonqphpllum, 
moDOphfUa 1 . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Indies . in7 



Atah JLsoo-LiLT, see Zephyrdnthes A tamdsco. 

AtelAndra. Derivation unknown. Linn. 1 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidceos. A pretty shrubby 
plant requiring a compost of loam and peat, 
and propagated by cuttings, 
inc&na . . . 81ate 6, . G. Ev. 8. 2 8wan River. 

AthajlIkta, Koch, Some of the species are 
found upon Mount Athamas in Sicily ; whence 
the name. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apidceas, 
These are chiefly weeds of very easy culture. 
Synonymes: 1, Idff&sticum Cervdria. 2, Cd- 
chrys panacifhlia. See BtHbon, Cnidiumf Id- 
gUsticumf Selinum, and S6seli. 
condenslkta . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia 1778 
maceddnica . White . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Greece . 1596 
MatthidU . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Gamiola 1802 
tortudea . . White . 7, F. Her. P. 1 8. £u. . 1326 

dnnua, caroifblia^ Cervdria 1, ereUnsis, in- 
edna, lasidntha, libanbtis, panaci/hlia 2, sibi- 
rica, siaUay stricta. 
AthautIsia, Cassini. From o, privative, and 
(hanatos, death ; in allusion to the length of 
time the flowers last. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. AsterdcecB, This is a genus of Cape plants, 
growing from half a foot to two feet high ; 
some of tiem are veiy pretty, and all succeed 
well in loamy soil, and increase from cuttings 
in sand under a glass. Synonyme : 1, A. lanu- 
gvndsti. See L^nas and Relhdnia. 
can^ecens 1 YoUow . 7, G. Ev. 3. 8 G. O. H. . 1820 
capit&ta . . YeUow . 8, G. Ev. 8. H C. G. H. . 1774 
cron&ta . . YoUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1819 
crithmifdUa YoUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1723 
cuneif61ia . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2^ C. G. H. . 1816 
dentita . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. l| C. G. H. . 1769 
fllifbrmis . . Yellow . 8. G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 178T 
longif61ia . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
parvifl6ra . YeUow . 4. G. Ev. 8. 2* C. G. H. . 1731 
pectinita . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
pinnAta . . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8 2 C. G. H. . 1818 
puMecens . Yellow . 7, O. Ev. 8. 6 G. G. H. . 1768 
punctata . . YeUow . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1822 
tomentdsa . YeUow . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
tricflspis . . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1816 
trlftircito . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1710 
virg&ta . . YeUow . 7. G. Ev. 8. 1^ C. G. H. . 1815 

ATHEROF6aoN, Willdenow, From alheTf awn, 
and pogon, a beard ; on account of the awns 
being bearded. Lifin. 23, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Graminaceas. This is a species of very pretty 
grass ; the cultivation and increase is the same 
as other grasses. Synonyms : 1. OhlMs curti- 
pindulOf IHnibra curtipindula. 
apludoldes 1 . Apetal . 8, H. Grass ^ 8. Bur. . 1768 

Atherosp^RMA, Labillardih'e. From other, 
awn, spcrma, seed ; the seeds being furnished 
with awns, Linn. 21, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Athero- 
spermdcece. An ornamental tree, attaining 
the height of twenty-two feet ; it grows in 
loam and peat, and may be increased from 
cuttings, 
mosch&ta . White . 6, G. Ev. T. 22 N. HoU. . 1824 

AthbrospbrmAce^. a small order nearly re- 
lated to Laurdcece, and possessing similar aro- 
matic properties. 

ATHRfxiA, Ker. From d, privative, and thrix, 
hair; the receptacle being without hairs. 
Linry. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. Asteraceae. This 
is a rather low, ornamental Cape shrub, sue- 



ATH 



60 



AUG 



cceding in a loamy soil, and increased from 

cuttings. 

cap^nsis . .Red . 4, G. Ev. S. 8 G. G. H. . 1S21 

ATHf RIUM, Hoth. Deiivation unknown. Lintu 
24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodidceas. For cul- 
ture, &c., refer to AspUifiium. Synonymes : 
1, AUaiUddia specldbilis, AspUnium speddbile ; 
Allantddia iruisaf AspUnium incisHm; 2, As- 
pidium fUix-fdsmma^ var. irriguunfi, 
inclaum 1 . . Yellow 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Bast Indlea. 
irtlguum 2 . Brown 6, H. Her. P. S Brit, woodB. 

At6cion. See SUhie. 

Atract<5bolus, Todd, The bladder which con- 
tains the sponiles is fusiform, and is ejected 
from the base of the capsule as soon as the 
operculum is thrown off; whence the name, 
from atraktoSy a spindle, and hoUOy to eject. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Ly coper daceos. 
Merely a wliite powdery substance found on 
wood, stones, &c. — ubiquitdritts. 

AtrXcttlis, LinncBus. The stems are light, 
and fit to make spindles ; whence the name is 
derived from eUraktos, a spindle. Linn, 19, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. AsUracece. This species is fit 
only for general collections ; culture and pro- 
pagation easy. — hUmUis. See Acdma, 

ATRAQ2NB, Liwnceu8. A name given to a spe- 
cies of Clematis by Theophrastus. Linn, 13, 
Or. 6, Nat. Or. RanuneiUdcecB. This is a valu- 
able and handsome genus of climbing plants, 
well adapted for training like Clematis, over 
bowers, trellis-work, and places where climb- 
ing plants are desirable ; they grow in any 
common soil, and young plants may be obtained 
from cuttings under a glass, or by layers. 
Seeds are sometimes produced, which should 
be sown in pans, and potted off. SyrCbnymes : 
1, ClhncUis verticilldris; 2, Atrdgene alpinaj 
Clhnaiis alpina; 3, Climalis occidentdlis ; 4, 
C. ochat&nsis ; 5, 0. sibirica. See NaravUia. 

amorlc&na 1 . Pur. . 6, H. De. CI. 15 N. Amer. 1797 

obllqua . . Pur. . 6, H. De. CI. 12 N. Amer. 1797 

auBtrlaca 3 . Br.yL 7, H. De. CL 8 Austria . 1793 

xnacrop^tala . Pur. . 7, H. De. CL 10 Busaia . 1831 

oocldent&liB 3 . Br.wh. 7, H. Do. CL 10 . . 1818 

«ochot&i8iB 4 . Wht . 6, H. De. CL 12 Si1)eria . 1818 

sibirica 6 . . W. yoL 7, H. De. CL 12 Bberia . 1763 

AtraphXxis, Linnceua. Derived from a, pri- 
vative, and trepho, to nourish. Plants yield- 
ing no nourishment ; a name given by the 
Greeks to the Atriplex of the Latins. Linn. 
6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Polygondcece. The species 
of this genus are curious ; they grow about 
two feet high, and thrive in a loamy soil^ and 
increase from layers. 

spindsa . . . Apetal . 8, F. £▼. 8. 3 Levant . 1732 
imduIAta . . Apetal . 0, F. Sv. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1732 

Atriplex, Linnceus, From cUer, black ; or, 
perhaps, the same as Atraphdxis. Linn, 28, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Chenopodidcece. These are 
straggling plants of little beauty, and the sim- 
plest culture and propagation. Synonymes: 
1, A. nltens: 2, A. rdsea; 3, A, tatdrica; 4, 
Callighnum caniscens ; 5, A, prosirdta; 6, A, 
pdiula; 7, A. hastdla; 8, A, indisa; 9, OUone 
aibtrica. See Bidtis. 
BHimuB , . Green . 7, H. £▼. S. 5 Spain . . 1C40 



hort4nsiB . . Green . 7, H. A. 5 Tartary . 1548 

rtlbra . . . Green . 7. H. A. 5 Tartary . 1548 

portulacoldea . Green . 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 Britain. Hud 8. 

acumitidia 1, dlba 2, dUncans, angustifbliaj 
camp6siris 3, caniscena 4, dec&mbenSf deUcHdea 
5, diffHtsat ericta, glaHLcay hastdia 6, iiicdna 
ladnidia, linifbliay litlordlis, microspirma^ 
monlevidinsiSf obUmgifoUa^ oUusdia^ parvifoliOf 
pdtula 7, peduncvidta^ prosirdta, reni/ormis, 
rdsea 8, sibirica 9, sutcdia, tatdrica, triangiUdris, 
vendUa, vcrtidllata^ virgdia. 

ATROCiiNiUM. See Acrodlnium^ 

Atropa, Linnosus, In allusion to the very 
poisonous fruit; from Atropos, one of the 
Fates, whose duty it was to cut the thread of 
human life. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sola- 
ndceas. Both x>oisonous species, only fit for 
botanical collections The leaves of A. BeHa- 
ddnna are narcotic and exciting. Synonynus : 
1, Hebeclddvs bifldrus. See Mandrdgora^ Ni- 
cdndra, Phpsalis and Sdracha, 
acumin&ta . DullyL 6, H. Her. P. 4 Hlmalya. 1845 
arbor6aoena . White .7, G. Ev. a 12 Jamaica 1738 
Bellad6nna. . Violet 0, H. Her. P. 4 Britain. Rub. 
bifldra 1 . . Gr.pior. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Peru . . 1844 

AttAlea, Humboldt, Derived from cUtalus, 
magnificent ; in allusion to the beauty of the 
trees. Linn, 21, Or. 9, Nat Or. Palmdceoe, 
A fine genus of ornamental Palm trees, attain- 
ing the height of from ten to seventy feet ; 
they thrive in any rich soil, and increase from 
seeds. Synonynus : 1, Cdcos lapidecu 
odmpta . — - - ~ • 
excelsa 
f unlf era 1 . 
htunillH . 
RdssU . . 
apeci68a . 
specttfbilla 



Braril . 


.1820 


Braal . 


. 18-iO 


Braril . 


.1824 


Bnuil . 


. 1820 


Bnudl . 


. 1825 


BrezU . 


.1826 


Brazn . 


.1824 



Str. 5. 8. Palm. 10 

8tr. 5, 8. Palm. 100 , 

Str. 5, 8. Palm. 30 , 

Str. 5, 8. Palm. , 
Str. 5, & Palm. 

Str. 5, 8. Palm. 60 

Str. 5, & Palm. 15 

Attar of bosbb. A highly fragrant essential 
oil obtained by distillation fix)m the petals of 
R. mosehdta and damaseina and in small 
quantities from other roses. 

AotenuIS), I ^^l'^"''^ gradually to a point 
Aubergines, or Egg plants. See Soldnum Me* 

longhm. 
AUBRIETIA, Adanson. In honour of M. Au- 
briet, a famous French botanical draughtsman. 
Linn. 15, Nat. Or. Brassicdcece. These are 
very ornamental either in the flower garden or 
on rock-work, as they produce their puri)le 
flowers for suc^ a length of time ; they delight 
in an open dry situation, and are multiplied by 
dividing the roots, or cuttings, under a glass. 
Synonymies: 1, FarsUia delUAdea, Alpssum 
deltoideum ; 2, Drdba ficsperidijldra ; 3, Arabis 
purpurea, 

deltoldea 1 . . Purple 4, H. Ev. Tr. i Levant . 1710 
heaporidifldra 2 Purple 3, H. Ev. Tr. } 8. Europe 18*28 

eirptirea 8 . . Purple 4, H. Ev. Tr. I Greece . 1820 
oore&na . . Blue 4, H. Ev. Tr. I 
AucTJBA, Koemp/er. The name of the shrub in 
Japan. Linn, 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Comdcece, 
Fine hardy shrubs, and one kind with beau- 
tiful blotched leaves is generally admired, 
particularly as it is clothed with leaves all the 
year ; it is proper for standing singly on a 
small grass-plotj or in clumps amount other 
shrubs in a conspicuous place. Cuttings root 



AUG 



61 



AYE 



readily under hand-glasses, in the common 
garden soil. 

]ap6nica . . Apotal 6, H. Ev. S. 6 Japan . . 1783 

nemina . . Apotal 0, H. Ev. S. 6 Japan, 

limb&ta . . . Apotal 6, H. Ev. 8. 6 

pictiirjlta . . Apotal 6, H. Ev. 8. tt 

himalalca . . Apetal 6, H. Ev. & 6 Himalaya. 

AttcupArius, having a tendency to attract 
birds. 

AuDiB^RTiA, Bentham. In honour of M. Audi- 
berty of Tarascon, a celebrated nurseryman. 
Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidcece. Interest- 
ing little plants growing about two or three 
feet high, and bearing palish blue flowers. 
They grow in any common soil, and increase 
from seeds. Syiumymes: 1, Salvia cami^ 
incdna ; 2, Sdlvia polystdchyct. See Mintka. 

inc&na . . . . Fa. bL 8« H. Ev. 8. 2 Colomb. 1827 
polystfchya 2 . White 2, G.Her. P. 8 Califom. 1849 

AuDOUfNiA, BroTigniart. In honour of V. Au- 
douin, a profound entomologist and friend of 
Brongniart. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bru- 
nidceco. An ornamental genus ; for culture, 
&c., see the genus Di6sma. Synonyma: 1, 
Diisvna capUdta. 
capit&ta . . Purple 6, G. Ev. 8. l\ C. G. H. . 1790 

AuGtJSTA. See Stlflia. 

Augustus, grand, stately, magnificent. 

Atiuuc, Bergius, Named from aulaXf a fiirrow ; 
the under side of the leaves of the original 
species being furrowed. Zdnn. 22, Or. 4, Nat 
Or. ProtcdcecB. This is a pretty genus : the 
species attain from one to two feet high and 
bear yellow flowers ; they succeed best in a 
very sandy loam, with a good draina^ ; ripened 
cuttings taken off at a joint, and planted in a 
TK>t of sand, will strike root readily under a 
nand-glass. 

piniffiUa . . Yellow 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1780 
umbeMta . YeUow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 G. G. H. . 1774 

AuRANTiAc3iLE. The orange family. An order 
of considerable celebrity on account of the 
excellent fruit borne by many of the species. 

AurIntium. See dtrvs. 

AuRfcoMUS, a head or tuft like hair, of a golden 
colour. 

AuRfcuLA. See Primula. 

AuRfcuLA jfJDM. See EaAiia. 

AuricuiAria. See MtnUui and T^Uphora, 

AURICULATE, ^ 

AuricuiAted, > having ear-like appendages. 

AUMCLED, 3 

AuRicuLlTELT-silGiTTATE, eared at the base, 
so as to give the leaf the appearance of the 
head of an arrow. 

AuRiCfULlTELT STEM-CLASPING, having auricles 
at the base of the leaves, clasping the stem. 

Austrian oak. See Q;u4tcu8. 

Av^A, LinncBua. A name of obscure origin, 
supposed to be from the Celtic aten, from etan, 
to eat ; whence our word oat has been ob- 
tained. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oramindceos. 
The species of this genus are easy of culti- 
vation, and uninteresting in point of beauty. 
Bee ArrhencUhhtmi, DaiUhdnia, CfaudiniUf Tri- 
ckdtta, and Trisdtwn. 



nlida .... Apetal 6, Grass. 2 

orientalis . . Apetal 6, Grass. 8 . . 1708 

pratdnsis . . Apotal 6, Grass. S Britain, pasture, 

satlva . . . Apotal 0, Grass. 3 

leucospdrma . Apetal 6, Grass. 2 

melanospdrma Apetal 6, Grass. 8 

stdrllis . . . Apetal 6, Grass. 4 Barbary . . 1640 

dlba, hrixnSt bromo^deSf fUlax, fdiva,^ fiaviscens, 
kirsiUOy IcUifdliaj plamdUyniSy prdscoss, pUmila, 
aempervirens, aeldcea^ versicolor. 

AvENS. See G^m. 

Averrh5a, Linnofus. In honour of Averrhoes, 
of Cordova, in Spain, a celebrated physician. 
Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. OxalidAcecB. The 
species are evergreen trees, singular for the 
fruit growing frequently on the trunk itself 
below the leaves : the flowers grow in racemes ; 
the fruit is a five-celled berry. A. Bilimbi 
is a beautiful tree, with a green, fleshy, oblong 
fruit, the thickness of the finger, filled with a 
grateful acid juice ; the substance and seeds 
not unlike those of the cucumber. Both spe- 
cies form handsome plants in our stoves, grow- 
ing freely ; and ripened cuttings root r^ily 
in sand, under a hand-glass. 
Bilimbi . . Bed yel. . 8. Ev. 8. 8 E. Ind. 1791 
Caramb61a . . Gm. red . 8. Ev. 8. 12 Ceylon 1783 

Avic^NiA, Linjueiis. In honour of Avicenna, 
a celebrated Persian philosopher and physician. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. Myopordcecp. The 
bark of A. tomentdsa is in great use at Kio 
Janeiro for tanning, but it is not worth culture 
in this country— tomentbsaf 

AvfcuLAR, fit for bird's meat. 

Avignon berries. See Rhdmnv^ Clttsii, 

Avocado pear. See P&rsea gratissima. 

Awl- shaped, narrow-pointed, like an awL 

AwLWORT. See SvJbvidria, 

Awned, terminating in an awn, or sharp point 

Awnedlt acuminated, tapering to a point, and 
terminating in an awn. 

Awns, the beard of any thing. 

. (literally the armpit; in plants ap- 

A^Jh * \ plied to the angle formed by the 

AXILLA, I union of the leaf and stem. 

AxiL-FLOWBRiNG, flowering in the axils of the 
leaves. 

AxiLLART, placed in the axils or axillse. 

Axis, the line, real or imaginary, that passes 
through any thing ; the axis of a spike of 
flowers is the stem to which the flowers are 
attached. 

Ax6nopus, Beauvois. Derived from axon, axis, 
and pousj a foot ; in reference to the structure 
of the plant. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gra- 
miTidcece. Species of grass, possessing little 
that is interesting. 

oimiclnufl . . Apetal 7, H. Grass . 1 India . 17S8 
ailretiSf digitdtus. 

AxTRis, Linnceus. From axyros, rough; on 

* account of the leaves. Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. ChenopodidcecB. The species of this genus 
axe mere weeds, of the easiest culture, &c. — 
amaranthoides, hpbrida, prostrdta. 

Atapana of Brazil. See Eupatdrium. 

ATisNiA, Linnaeus. In honour of the Duke 
d*Ayen, of the house of Noailles. Linn. 6, 



AYE 



62 



AZA 



Or. 1, A^at. Or. Sterculictcece. The species are 
curious, and grow from one to two leet high, 
produciDg purple and scarlet flowers ; they 
require rich soil, and are multiplied by cuttings 
in sand. 

IflBvlg^ta . . . Scarlet . S. Er. S. 2 Janudca . 
pusma . . . Purple 8, S. B. 1 Jamaioa . 1756 

Atbr-ATBR. See Ldnsium. 

>\zadirXchta. See MUia. 

AzAlea, LinnoBUS. From azdleoSf dry, arid ; 
habitation of the plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. EricdeecB, This is a beautiful genus, uni- 
versally admired for its white, orange, purple, 
scarlet, and variegated flowers, which are in- 
variabljr produced in great profusion. They 
all thnve best in sandy peat or very sandy 
loam ; and cuttings taken off close to the 
plant will root in sand, under a glass placed 
in heat, or they may be multiplied from seeds, 
&c. A . indica is a greenhouse plant of great 
beauty : it should stand out in the open air in 
summer, in a partially shaded situation, and in 
the winter in a cool part of the greenhouse. 
The beautiful varieties require the same treat- 
ment Synonyme: 1, Rhodod&ndron Cham' 
pidncB. See Hhododindron, and CkamoBlidan, 

umkaa. . . . Pur. cr. . 5, O. E^. S. 4 China . 1850 

arbortecens . . Red . . 6, H. Be. S. 12 N. Amer. 1818 

Uoolor . . . Scarlet . tf, H. De. S. 2 N.Amer. 1784 

can^flcens . . Red . . 6, H. De. & S X. Amer. 1812 

calenduUcea . Onmge . 6, H. De. S. 4 N. Amer. 1806 

ohryaolteta . Tellow . 6, H. De. S. 4 N.Amer. 

cr5cea . . . S <£Fron . 6, H. De. & 4 N.Amer. 

ctiprea . . . Copper . 6, H. De. S. 4 N.Amer. 

fltfmmoa . . Red . . 6, H. De. & 4 N.Amer. 1812 

ftilgida . . . Or. br. . 0, H. Ey. S. 4 Hybrid gard. 

crandiflbra. . Orange . 6, H. De. S. 4 N.Amer. 

fgn^ecens . .Red . .6, H.De.S. 4 N.Amer. 

llpida . . . Varicg. . 6, H. De. 8. 4 Hybrid.gard. 

OGcident&lis . White . 5, H. De. S. 4 Califor. 1866 

Champldns) 1 . Rose . . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 China. 1864 

spldndens . .Orange .6, H. De.B. 4 N.Amer. 

Stap]etoni4na. Rosy . . A, H. Da S. 4 Hybrid. 1827 

Copper . 6, H. De. 8. 4 Hybrid. 1827 

Orange . 6, H. Do. S. 4 N.Amer. 

Crimson 6, G. Bv. 8. 4 China. 1864 

Carmine 6, H. Do. S. 8 China. 1880 

6, H.Ev.S. 2Chhia. 1830 

6, G. Bv. S. 2 Hybrid. 1847 

6, B. De. S. 2 N. Amor. 1734 

6, G. Bv.& 2 N.Amer. 
6, H. Do. 8. 12 N.Amer. 17S4 

Scarlet . 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 China. 1808 

. Orange . 4, G. Ev. 8. 4 China. 1828 

. Ver. wht. 5, G. Ev. 8. 8 China. 1864 

. Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 7 China. 1860 

. Brown . 4, H. Ev. 8. 8 China. 1860 

. Dble. wh. 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 China. 1864 

. Purple . 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 China. 1824 

. 6, O. Ev. 8. 4 China. 1810 

. 6, G. Ev. & 4 China. 1844 

. Wht. pur. 6, G. Bv. 8. 4 Hybrid.gard. 

. Striped . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 China. 1824 

. Red . . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 China. 1833 

. White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 China. 1824 

. Fleah . 6, H. De. S. 4 Hybrid.gard. 

. Copper . 6, H. De. 8. 4 Hybrid.gard. 

. Rose . . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 Chma. 1849 

. Rose pur. 6, F. De. S. 8 China. 1868 

. White . 4, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 1812 

. Scr. pink 6, H. De. 8. 3 N.Amer. 1734 

. White . 6, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 

. White . 0, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 

. Blush . 0, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 

. Pa. red . 6, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 17S4 

. Scarlet . 6, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 

. Purple . 6, H.Do. 8. 4 Hybrid.gMxL 

. Scarlet . 6, H. De. 8. 4 N.Amer. 



Red 

White 

White 

Orange 

White 



subctiprea 

triflmphans 
erispifldra 
DauielsiAna . 
Farr^ri . . 
Fielderiltna . 
^alkca. . . 
Hartn^lli . . 
hlspida . . 
fndica- . . . 

aurani^aea . 

Be&lU . . 

caly<dna . . 

ign6scens . 

narcissifldra 

phoenfcea . 

purpbreo pltaia Purple 

rtibra-pl^na . Red . 

etri&ta . . 

varieg&ta . 
laterit£t . . 
ledifdlia . . 
Hdrierii . . 

prsbstans 
myrtU^lia 

ovUta . . . 
nlUda . . . 
nudifldra . . 

tflba . . . 

iQba-pllna . 

bUnda . . 

c&moa . . 

carolini&na. 

Cartdnii . . 

Cobflighil . 



nudifldra. 

oooctnea. . 

oorjrmbdea. 

eriipti . . 

cumuUta . 

discolor . . 

ezlmia . . 

fastiglAta . 

fldrida . . 

glob^aa . . 

glomer&ta . 

GoweriAzia . 

inc&na . . 

incam&ta . 

mirfibiUs . 

magnifica . 

muntjkna 

pallida . . 

paludbea 

papilionlkoea 

partita . . 

parvifldra . 

prollfcra 

pUmQa .' . 

purpurtfsoena 

purpurea . 

purpiireo-pteu 

r68ea. . . 

rub^rrima . 

rubdscens . 

rubictkida . 

rilbra . . 

rtita . . . 

rtitilans . . 

scfntiUans . 

semidUplez 

st&minea 

stell&ta . . 

thyrsifidra . 

tricolor .' . 

variabilis . 

variegitta 

versicolor . 

viol&cea . . 
obtiisa . . 
ov&ta . . . 

ilba . . . 
p6ntlca . . 

albiflftra. . 

&rdens . . 

Candida . . . 

ooron&ria . 

^prea . . 

glatica . . 

Lietftin. . 

LudovldiB . 

pAUda . . 

tricolor . . 

versicolor . 
proctkmbens. 
rament&cea . 
8ieb61dtt{. . 
sinensis • . . 
specidsa . . 

acutifbUa . 

aurtfntia 

ciliAta . . 

crispa . . 

cucuQAta . . 

ml^or . . , 

obllqua . . , 

prunifbUa . , 

revolhta . 

tortulifdlia . 

undulAta . 
squamAta . , 
visc^ea . . . 

criflipa . . 

dealbAta . . 

ffSSii . . . . 

odorAta . . . 

penidUAta . 

pub6soen8 . . 

rub^soens . . 

variegAta . 

vittAta . 



Scarlet 


. 0, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Scarlet 


.6, H.De.a 


4 N.Amer. 


Pink . 


. 6. H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Scr. pink 6, H. De. S. 


4 N.Amer. 


Wht scr. 6. H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Crimson 


0. H. De. 8. 


4 Hybrid. 1889 


Pink. 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Pink. 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


.Pink. 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Pink. 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Purple 
Pink. 


.«,H.De.a 


4 Hybrid, 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


. Flesh 


. 6, H. De, a 


4 N.Amor. 


. Scarlet 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Scarlet 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Scarlet 


.6. H.De.a 


4 N.Amer. 


Pa. red 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Pa. red 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Striped 


. 6. H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Wht red 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Whtrede. H.De.8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Whtpk 


6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


White 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Purple 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Purple 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


i Purple 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Drk. psd 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Rod . 


.6, H.De.a 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 6. H. De. a 


4 Hybrid.gazd. 


Drk. red 6, H De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Orange 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 Hybrid. 1827 


White 


.6, H.De.a 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amor. 


Red . 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Drk. scr 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 Seedling 1827 


Scr. wht 6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 6, H.De.a 


4 N.Amer. 


Redwht 6, H.De.8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Rod wht 6, H. De 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Violet 


. 6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


. 3, G. Ev. 8. 


2 China. 1844 


Pink. 


. 8, G. Bv. a 


8 China. 1844 


White 


. 6, H. De. a 


8 Chusan. 1844 


Yellow 


. 6, H.De.a 


6 Turkey. 1798 


White 


. 6, H. De. a 


6 Turkey. 


Red . 


. 6, H. De. a 


6 Hybrid.ganL 


White 


. 6. H. De. a 


Hybrid. 1834 


Yellow 


. 6, H. De. a 


6 Holland. 1882 


?XJ 


. 6, H. De. a 
. 6, H.De.a 


6 Turkey. 
6 Turkey. 


Or. wht 


6, H. De, a 


6 Hybrid-gard. 


Or. rose 


6. H.De.a 


6 Hybrid.gard. 


PA.yeL 


. 4, H. De. a 


6 Turkey. 


Pa.re4 


. 4, H. De. 8. 


6 Turkey. 


YeL roTO 6, H. Bv. 8. 


6 Hybrid.gapd. 


Pink. 


. 6, H. Ev. a 


i Brit, sc. mo. 
2 China. 1846 


White 


. 4, H. De. a 


White 


. 4, H. De. a 


8 China. 


Yellow 


. 6, G. Ev. a 


8 China. 1828 


Scariet . 


6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Scarlet 


6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Orange 


6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Or. rod 


6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Scarlet 


6,H.De.a 


4 N.Amer. 


Or. red. 


6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Scarlet. 


6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


6. H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . . 


6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


6, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


Red . 


6, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


Rose cr. 


3, G. De. a 


8 China. 1828 


White , 


7. H. De a 


2 N.Amor. 


White 


7, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. 8. 


4 N. Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. S. 


4 N.Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. 8. 


4 N.Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. a 


4 N. Amer. 


White . 


7, H. De. a 


4 N.Amer. 



AZA 



63 



BAG 



Garden varieties — These are too nnmeroas to 
name in a work like this, but many are ex- 
ceedingly fine, especially those of the A . indiea, 
a few of which may be named as amaraiUMjua, 
dlba magnifJbra^ dlba pUna^ dlba SmWUif 
dlba stridta^ dlba supirha, dlba trijlbray Al- 
birtif Apbllo, AmarrUUieOf Aur&ra^ Audi- 
bMii, barbAta, billa^ Broughtbni, candidis- 
tima maxima, earlumbrdta^ carminAta, Cleo- 
pd/ra, coecHnea supirba^ cAprea violdceOf De- 
voniinsiSf Didna^ distineUt, Egertdnia, elAta, 
ilegans, exUllens^ esAmia^ exquisitOf Eugenia, 
Eudlia, eleganUasima, fdscinanSf f&lgenSf Oled- 
staniaii excilsoj gldria Smiihiif gramdiflbrOf 
maculdta, Hibe^ ffenderabn% Birstii, im- 
prisaa, Jenhinsiiy Jinneri, Jt^phin^ Ldnei, 
iilat^na, macrdntha rObraj macrdntha supirbof 
magnijldra, MirUrva, mirdbilis, rmUtiJlbra, 
mwndiUa, iptiitia^ obtitsa, phcer^icea dlba^ pnz- 
dpua, praxtaniimma^ Ratosdiiii, Reddingiij 
JtHn$ dee Bilges^ refdlgens, rosea, Roicledna, 
riibra plinOf semidiLplex, SeymaAri, SmUhii 



purpurea, specibsa, speciosissimay spUndens, 
splendidissima, Standishii, supirba, tricolor, tri- 
amphans, ventricbsa, Vista, Vieibria, vioUkeea 
Hegans, vivicans, Wellingtbnii, WUliamsii, 
Woddsii. 

AZAROLE. See CraldRgus Azardlus, 

AzARdLUS. See Cratdsgus Azardlus. 

AzIra, Ruiz el Pavon. In honour of Joseph 
Nicolas Azara, a Spanish promoter of botany. 
ZdrifL 18, Or. 1, Nat Or. Bixacece. Orna- 
mental trees, growing about fifteen feet high, 
which Mr. Don recommends to be grown in 
loam and sand' ; ripened cuttings root readily 
if planted in sand, and placed under a glass, in 
a modemte heat 

dent&ta . . TeUow . 6, O. Et. S. 10 Chili. . . 1880 
OUliMl . . Orange . 6, O. £r. 8. 16 ChUL . . 1850 
int«grif611a . Yellow . 0, O. Er. B. 16 Ooncqption. 1688 

AzrdarAch. See MHia. 
AzIma. See Monitia. 
AztREA, sky-blue coloured. 



B. 



BABIANA, Ker. Derived by Mr. J. B. Ker, 
from babiatier, because the roots are the 
favourite food of baboons. Linn. 8, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Iriddcem. Handsome species, suc- 
ceeding well in a mixture of sand, loam, and 
peat, freely watered when the plants are grow- 
ing ; but 'after flowering keep them dry till 
October, when they require repotting. During 
the suspension of water, keep them quite cool 
till new roots are made in the pota, after which 
a little more heat will cause them to flower 
strong. Protected from frost they succeed 
well in a south border, or the bulbs may be 
planted in spring and taken up again in au- 
tumn. Offsets or seeds. Synonymes : 1, 1'xia 
strieta ; 2, /. villdsa ; 8, OladMus ndnus. 

Variegr. . 6, O. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. 1757 
Blue wht 8, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. 1843 

-^ ' 1774 

18S6 
1807 
1826 
1774 
1834 
1806 
1752 



angustifdlia 
blcolor . . 
disticha 
mucron&ta 



obtusifblia 2 
plicita . . 
mtUtipIex 
purptirea . 
rfogens . 
rubrocytfnea 
sambudna 
spathiMsea . 
•trfcta . . 
Bulphliroa . 
tenuifl6ra . 
Tbunb4r]ffii 
tiibftU . . 
tubifl6ra . 
TiU5aa . . 



Blue 

Purple 

Blue . 

Blue . 

Purple 

Purple 

Purple 

Purple 

Blue red. 

Blue 



6, G. BL P. C. G. H. 

. 5, G. BL P. C. G. H. 

. 4, G. Bl. P. r C. G. H. 

. 5, G. BL P. C. G. H. 

1 6, G. BL P. C. G. H. 

. 0, G. Bl. PC. G. H. 

. 6, G. BL P. C. G. H. 

. 6, G. BL P. ; C, G. H. 
4, G. BL P. C. G. H. 1794 
4, G. BL P. C. G. H. 1799 



. blue . 6, O. BL P. \ C. G. H. 1801 
. Blue wht 6, G. BL P. ' C. G. H. 175: 
. TollQW . 6, G. BL PC. G. H. 1796 
. Puiple . 6, G. BL P. C. G. H. 1826 
. Wht. red . 4. G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. in4 
. YeL red . 8, G. BL P. # C. G. H. 1774 
. Drk, red . 5, G. BL P. w C. G. H. 1774 
. Purple . 8, G. BL P. } C. G. H. 1778 

Babeer. See Papprus. 

Babikot6nia, Lindley. In compliment to 
Charles Babington, I^., Professor of Botany, 
Cambridge, a skilful botanist. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. MyrtAcece, sect. Leptospirmeas, A 
very pretty greenhouse shnib, flowering during 
autumn ana winter. It thrives in a mixture 



of rich brown loam, peat, and leaf-mould ; 
and half ripened cuttings root readily in sand, 
under a hand-glass, in heat. Synonyws : B^ 
kia camphorbamce. 
camphor^flmas Pinkish . 6, G. Ev. 8. 7 Swan R 1841 

Babount. See SantoUnafragramJlXssima. 

BacAzia, Flora Peru. In honour of George 
Bacaz, a botanist at Carthagena. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. AsterAcece. An interesting 
plant, growing well in peat and loam, and 
increased by cuttings, 
spindea . . . Pink . 8, G. Ev. S. 4 Peru . 1826 

Baccate, berried, fleshy. 

BagcAtus, berry-bearing. 

BlccHARis, Linn. By the Greeks, to a plant 
dedicated to Bacchus. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. AsterAcea. This genus, called the Plough- 
man's Spikenard, consists of ornamental spe- 
cies, of easy culture and propagation. Loam 
and peat; cuttings in sana, under a glass. 
Syrumymes: 1, Molina parviflora ; 2, CAlea 
scopAria, 

adn&ta . . Purple 8, 8. Br. & 6 8. Amer. 
aUita ... Pa. yeL 12, G. By. 8. 8 
anffustifblJA White 7, G. Ev. 8. S N. Amer. 
^.. e, 8. Ev. a 2 8. Mexico. 
9, F. B7. 8. 4 Levant. 
8, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 



182S 
1829 
1812 
1899 



oonftfrta . . White 
DioBcdridia . White 

glutintea . White 
f;^tH wiifAHit . White 
fndica . . White 
iv8Bf61ia . . White 
neriifblia . White 
parvifl5ral . White 
ecopiiria 2 . Crm. cl 
BACKHotrsiA, Hooker. In compliment to Mr. 
James Backhouse, by whose travels in Aus' 
tralia and South Africa many interesting plants 
have been added to collections in this country. 
Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat Or. MyrHcecB. Ac- 



7, 8. Bv. & 6 Pera. 
10. H. De. a 6 N. 
8 & Bv. & 4 B. Ind. . 
7, G. Bv. 8. 8 America. 
7, G. Ev. & 2 C. G. H. 



1817 
.1824 

1888 
.1810 
.1006 
.1762 



7. 8. Ev. 8. 8 Ftoru . . 1820 
7, 8. Bv. 8. 2 8. Jamaica. 1820 



BAG 



64 



BAL 



cording to Mr. Backhouse, the species grows 
to a tree sixteen feet high, with slender 
branches, fnmishcd with smooth, ovate, acu- 
minate leaves. The white flowers are borne in 
corymbs, and are often produced on very small 
plants, soon after being struck from cuttings. — 
Bot. Mag. 
myrtifdlia . White . 6, G. Bv. 8. Id N. 8. W. . 1844 

Bac6nia, D. C.y named in memory of Lord 
Bacon. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cincho- 
ndeece. For culture, see Ixdra. Synonyme: 
1, Ixdra nitida, 
corymbdsa . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Africa. . . 

BACTTRfDiUM, Kunze. From badroUf a staff, and 
eidos, resemblance. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
UredinAcecQ. Found on the horizontal surface 
of old stumps. — airovirens. 

Bi-CTRIS, Jacquin. From haMrmi^ a cane ; on 
account of the small stems being used for 
walking-sticks. Linn. 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Palmdcace. Fine species of Palrns, thriving 
well in sandy loam, and only increased by 
seeds. B. minor produces a fruit the size of 
a common cherry, which contains an acid 
juice, not veiy pleasant to the taste. B. mdjor 
produces a nut with a solid kernel, eaten in 
Carthagena. See Acrocdmia. 
caryotufblia Pa. yeL 5, 8. Palm. 10 Brazil. . . 1825 
cuspid&ta . Pa. yeL 6, B. Palm. 30 Braisi]. . . 1826 
guiauensis . Pa. ycL 6, 8. Palm. 15 Ouiana. . 1820 
roacrac^tha Pa. yol. 6, 8. Pulm. 18 BraiiL . . 182.S 
major ... Pa. yd. 6, 8. Palm. 20 Carthag. . 1800 
Mar&Ja . . Pa. yel. 6, 8. Palm. 50 Brazil . . 18-10 
minor . . Pa. yoL », 8. Palm. 12 8. Amor. . 1691 
pectln&ta . Pa. yeL 6, 8. Palm. 10 BraidL . . 1825 

BACtTLA. Sec MimHsops. 

BadAhia. See Termindlia. 

Badoer's-bane. See AconUum melddonum. 

Badulam. See Ardisia hUmilis. 

Bi^CKiA, Linn. Taken from A. Bieck, a phy- 
sician to the king of Sweden. Linn. 1, Or. 
1, Nat Or. Mi/rtdcea. Very interesting 
plants, delighting in sandy loam and peat. 
Cuttings root readily in sand, under a glass. 
See BMngtdnia. 

camphortlta. White . 7, O. Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1818 
densifdlia . White . 9, O. Ev. 8. 8 N. 8. W. . 
dioBmsef&lia. White . 8, O. Ey. 8. 8 N. Holt. . 1824 
frut^cens . VThlte . 11, O. Ev. 8. 3 China. . 1806 
grtSciliB . . White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoU. . 1826 
Uxiifblia . . White . 8. G. Er. a 8 N. HoIL . 1818 
nimosfflaima Whito . 8, G. Ev. 8. S N. HolL . 1824 
Hkxfcola . . Whito . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1824 
htilia . . . White . 8, G. Ev. S. 8 N. HoU. 
▼irg&ta . . White . 0, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. Culedo. 1806 

Bje6botbts. See 3f6esa» 

B£6iiTCE8, Achariiu. Derived from baios^ 
small, and mykes, fungus ; the re.semblanco of 
the fructification to a fungus. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Parmelidcece. The species appear 
like some small kinds of Agdricus or HelvUla^ 
and are generally found upon heath, oaks, or 
sandstone — coBSpitilitis^ microciphahi$, micro- 
phpllus, placophpllus, rhseus, rufus. 

B.£KIA, Fischer and Meyer. In honour of Pro- 
fessor Baer, of the University of Dorpat 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsUrAccoe. 
chryadstoma . Yellow . 5, H. A. 1 California. . 1835 

Bagged, swelled like a sack, or bag. 

Bahama bed wood. Sec Sdynvda fchrifkga. 



BAhia, Decandolle. Derivation not explained. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AaterOcecB. Plants 
of easy culture in the open borders. 

trolliifblla . TeUow 8, II. Her. P. 1 New 8paln. 1828 
latif&Ua . . Tellow 6, H. A. 1 California. 

Bajree. See Penicillciria spicdta. 

BalXnghas. See StcrdUia. 

Balanites, Decandolle. Derivation unknown. 
Linn, 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amyriddeece. Orna- 
mental plants of easy culture in a mixture of 
loam and heath-mould ; and cuttings strike 
root readily if planted in sand, under a glass, 
in heat 
JEgyptlaca . Whito . 6, 8. Ev. a IJ Africa. . . 182i 

Balakofhagi. The ancient feeders on acorns 
and similar foml. 

BalIntium, Kaulf. From halanivm^ a purse ; 
on account of the form of the indusium. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. PolypodiAcece. In- 
teresting species of ferns, growing in peat 
and loam, and increased by divisions. Sy- 
nonyine : 1, Didksdnia c&lciia. See also Jler- 
Ulla. 

ant^rcticum . Brown . 8, H. Fern. 8 Australia . 
cdlcitum 1 . Brown . 8, 8. Fom. 8 Madoira. . 

Balbul tree. See Acdda ardbica. 

BalbIsia, Cav. In honour of John Baptist 
Balbis, a writer on botany. Linn. 10, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. OxalidacecB. A handsome plant, 
succeeding best in the greenhouse, in loam and 
peat. It must be watered with great caution ; 
cuttings. Synonyines : 1, LcdiKdrpujn pedun- 
ciUdre, Cruickshdnksia cistijldra. See Tri- 
dax. 
pcdunciilArifl 1 . YoUow . 8, G. Ev. 8. 1 Chile. . 1825 

Bald money. See Mhim. 

Bal^ssan. See Bdlsonwddndron. 

BXllia. See Helicdnia. 

Ball, applied to the round central iwirt of the 
flower of Stapelia. 

Ball6ta, Linn. Named from ballo^ to reject, 
on account of its offensive odour ; hence the 
trivial name. Stinking Horehound. Linn. 
14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidce^e. Mere weeds, 
of the easiest culture. Synonyme : 1, B. fut- 
<t<ia— dlba, disticha, nigra, 1, vulgaris. See 
LemiUniSf MarrHhium^ Q,u4rcu8, Ro^lca, 

Balm. See Melissa. 

Balm Basil. See MelUsa Acinos. 

Balm, Field. See Melissa niipeta. 

Balm of Acouchi. See tdca. 

Balm of Gilead. See Dracodphaluin cana- 
ri6nse. 

Balm of Gilead. See Bahomod4ndron and 
AmpHs. ^ 

Balm of Gilead fir. See Abies. 

Balm, mountain. See Melissa calaminiha. 

Balsam. See ImpXticns. 

Balsam apple. See Momhrdica halsanUnea. 

Balsam of Canada. See Abies. 

Balsam of Capevi. See Copalfcra officinalis. 

Balsam, Carpathian. See Ptnus Pinea. 

Balsam op Mecca. Sec Amyris. 

Bausam of Peru. See Mipr^xylon. 

Balsam of Tolu. See Amyris tohii/era. 

Bai^AM tree. See CluMa. 



BAL 



65 



BAN 



BalsamIna, Rivinus. Called balassan by the 
Arabs, from which most probably the name 
balsamina has sprang. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Balaamindcece. That beautiful and popu- 
lar annual the garden balsam, with its white, 
red, pink, purjile, lilac, and finely-Tariegated 
camation-liRe flowers, belongs to this genus. 
All the species are ornamental, and may be 
grown witn success by the following mode of 
treatment, recommended in Don's MilWs Gard. 
Die. : — **The seeds of these plants should be 
sown on a moderate hotbed, in spring, and 
when the plants are about two or three inches 
high, they should be planted in separate small 
pots, taking care to shade them until they 
nave taken fresh root, replacing them in the 
hotbed, after which they should have a mode- 
rate share of free air admitted to them when, 
the weather is favourable, to prevent their 
being drawn up tall and weak ; they should 
theu be shifted from size to size of pots, until 
the plants have grown the size required, and 
when in flower they may be placed in the 
greenhouse, where they will make a very 
showy appearance, and seed freely.*' A ligh^ 
very rich soil, composed of rotten dung, loam, 
and leaf mould, with a little sand, suits them 
best, plentifully watered. They do not root 
readily by cuttings ; but may be increased 
abimdantly from seeds, which in general ripen. 
The juice of the balsam used with alum is 
employed by the Japanese to dye their nails 
red. Synonyine : 1, ImpdUiens balsamina. See 
McKodrdiea. 



bifida . . . 
capdusia . . 
chin^nids . . 
cocclnca . . 
combta . . 
hort^nsis 1 . 
latifdlia . . 
madiigascari^n- 
8i8 . . . . 
minor . . . 
myBor^nsla . 
MaAteni&mi . 
rbsca . , . 



.Red 8,0. 

. Red 8, G. 

. Purp. 8, G. 

. Scar, 8, 8.- 

. Red 8, G. 

. Red 0, 8. 
. Pa.rod 8, G. 

} Rod 8, G. 



Rod 
. Rod 
. Purp. 
. Rofio . 



8,G. 
8, G. 
7,8. 
7, G. 



A. ^ Japan. . 
A I C. G. H. 
A 1 China. . 
A. 2 E. Ind. 
A 3 Ceylon. . 
A. S K Ind. 
A. 1 E. Ind. 

A. ^ Modagoa. 

A. f R Ind. 



.1820 
.1818 
.1824 
. 18C'8 
.1820 
. 1596 
. 1818 

.1824 



.1817 
A. \ Mysore. . . 1820 
A. 1 Khoaeea HiUs. 18S7 
A. 1 Himalayas. . 1889 



BALSAMiNAcEiG. A Small order of well-known 

Slants nearly related to dxalis. It consists 
ut of two genera, all the species are annual : 
the common balsam has long been a popular 
plant in our greenhouses. 
BaubamIta, Des/on. Costmary. From haUamony 
balm ; in reference to its strong balsamic 
smell. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdceoe. 
Plants of little interest and easy culture. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, 2'anacetum dnnuum. See Arte- 
viisia and Tanacilum, 



gr.mdifl6ra . 
vulguris . . 



. Yellow . 7, P. B. 2 Algiers. 1821 

. Yol. gm. 8, H. Her. P. 8 Italy. . 1568 



a(/rrali/blia, dnnua 1, virgAta, 

Bal8AMOd6ndrok, Kuntk. From fta&amon, 
bulsam, and dendron, tree. Linn. 8, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Amyp'ddcece. An ornamental tree, 
growing well in sandy loam and peat, and 
ripened cuttings root freely in sand, under a 
glass, in heat. This tree yields the gum 
elemi of tho East, which is distinct from the 



American elemi Synonymo : 1, Amyria zey- 

Idnica. 

seyUnicum 1 . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. SO Ceylon. 

Bai£Ah6na. See Ouphea Balsammia. 

Baltim6ra, Linn. In honour of Lord Balti- 
more, proprietor of Maryland. Linn. 19, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Aaterdcecs. Uninteresting species, 
of easy culture — <f/6a, ricla. 

Bamboo cane. See BawMsa. 

BAMBtTSA, Schroder. From hamboa, its name in 
India. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. OramindceeB. 
This genus contains the bamboo-cane ; the 
species are interesting, and in rich loamy soil 
they grow rapidly to a great height in our 
stoves if well watered ; they increase by off"- 
sets. B. arundindteea is very useful for a 
very great variety of domestic purposes ; in 
the E. Indies, cottages are almost entirely 
made of it^ bridges, boxes, cups, baskets, 
mats, paper, and masts for boats, are also made 
of it. It is likewise employed for fences for 
gardens, &c., and it is commonly used instead 
of pipes for conveying water. The substance 
callea tabasher, is a secreted siliceous matter, 
found at the joints of the bamboo. See Melo- 
cdnna and Ndstus. 



arlstitta . . 
arundin&cea. 
fflabca . . . 
nimolaydisis 
nl«ra . . . 
puDdscens . 
spkidBft . . 
Btrfcta. . . 
Tarieg&ta. . 
vertidlULta . 



Apetal 
Apetol 
Apetal 
.Apetal 
Apetal 
.Apetal 
, Apetal 
Apetal 
, Apetal 
. Apetal 



6, 8. Grass 25 E. Ind. 


1824 


6, 8. Gi-aas 60 E. Ind. 


. 17S0 


6, 8. Grass 20 K Ind. 


.1826 


% H. Grass 20 Himalaya 




6, 8. Grass 20 E. Ind. 


1825 


6.8. Grass 20 E. Ind. 


. 1820 


6, 8. Grass 20 B. Ind. 


.1820 


6. 8. Grass 25 E. Ind. 


.1824 


6, H. Grass 20 Japan. 




6, 8. Grass 26 B. Ind. 


.1808 



BImmia. See HiMacus Bdmmia. 

Banana tree. See Mttaa aapHntum. 

Bane-berbt. See AdAa. 

Bands, applied to the spaces between tho lines, 
or ribs of the fruit of umbelliferous plants. 

Bandhooita See Ixdra Bandhika. 

Bandh^ca. See Ixdra Bamdhttaa, 

Bandikai. See AbelmSaehvs eacuUntua. 

Banq. An intoxicating Turkish drug piepared 
from hemp. 

BAnoia, Agardh. Named in honour of Christ- 
ian Frederick Ban^. Linn. 24, Or. 7» Nat. Or. 
Con/ervdcecB. Cunous productions, appearing 
on marine rocks about the sea coast — airopur- 
pHrea, cahphj^lla, eilidris, f&aeo-purpiiTea^ La- 
minaria, lae&atriSf Icetevlrena. 

BANisrkiuA, Linn. In memory of the Rev. 
John Banister, a diligent botanist Linn. 10, 
Op. 9i Nat Or. MalpighidceoB. Interesting 
species, witli beautiful foliage, as B, apUndena^ 
They succeed in loam and sand, or a nuxturo 
of loam and sandy peat ; ripened outtings root 
in sand, under a glass, in heat. Syncnyine: 1, 
B. heterophpllat B. f&lgena. See HeterApUria 
and Stigmaphi/llum. 



adeuOpodia . 
auricm&ta 
chrysoph^lla 
cUilta. . . 
dichdtoma . 
emarginjita . 
ferru^inca . 
ftUgons . . 



YeL 6, 8. Ev. 61. 10 Brasfl. . 1848 
, YeL 6, S; Ev. CL 10 Braril. . 1820 



6, 8. Ev. CL 
, YoL 6, 8. Ev. Tw, 
, YeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 

YeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 

YeL 6. 8. Ev. CI. W Bnwil. 

YoL 8.Ev. CI. 8W. Ind. 



10 BtariL . 1796 

8 8. Amer. . 1814 

8 W. Ind. . 1826 

1820 

1760 



BAN 



66 



BAR 



Humboldti&ia. 
laurifblia. . . 
O^SitA . . . . 
periplocnfdlia . 
serlcea . . . 
BiBemAri&isia . 
tiliwfblia. . . 
spl^dens 1 . . 
tenuis . . . 
tomcntdsa . . 
tautlhtxicA . , 



YeL 6, S. Ev. 
YeL 7, 8. Ev. 
YeL 7, a Ev. 
YeL 7, a Ev. 
YeL 7, 8. Ev. 
YeL 8, 8. Ev. 
Pur. 8, 8. Ey. 
YcL 6, 8. Ev. 
YeL G. Et. 
YeL 7, 8. Ev. 
Yel. a Ev. 



CL 10 
CL 8 



8. Amer. . 1824 
Jamaica. . 1738 
St. Domin. 1810 
Porto Rico. 1S18 



CL 10 
a 12 
Tw. 10 
Tw. 10 
Tw. 10 



BraziL 
Guiana. 
Java. . , 
8. Amer. . 
B. Ayres. 
8. Amer. , 
Zanzibar. 



1810 
1824 
1820 
1812 

1820 
1825 



Ban J A. See Quh-cus lanatus. 

BAnksia, Robert Brown. In honour of Sir 
Joseph Banks, Bart. Pres. K. S. ; a distin- 
guished patron of science in general, parti- 
cularly ifatural History. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. ProUhcecB. This is a handsome and in- 
teresting genus. The species, to succeed well, 
must be treated in the following manner re- 
commended by Sweet. *'The pots must be 
well drained, which should be done in the 
following manner : — place a piece of potsherd 
about hdf way over the hole at the bottom of 
the pot, then lay another piece against it that 
it may be hollow, afterwards put some smaller 
pieces all around them, and some more broken 
very small on the top of these. All plants 
belonging to the Proteaceoe should be drained 
in the same manner, as the roots are very fond 
of running amongst the broken potsherds, and 
there is not so much danger of their being 
overwatered ; care must be taken not to let 
them flag for want of water, as they seldom 
recover if allowed to get very dry ; they should 
also be placed in an airy part of the green- 
house when in-doors, as nothing is more bene- 
ficial to them than a free circulation of air. 
Cuttings are generally supposed to be difficult 
to root, but they will root readily if iiroperly 
managed ; let them be well ripenea before 
they are taken off ; then cut them at a joint, 
and plant them in pots of sand, without 
shortening any of the leaves, except on ^the 
part that is planted in the sand, w'here they 
should be taken off auite close, the less depth 
they are planted in the pots the better, if they 
only stand firm, when the sand is well closed 
round them : then place them under hand- 
glasses in the propagating house, but not 
plunge them in heat, the glasses must be 
frequently taken off to give them air, and dry 
them, or they are apt to damp off ; when they 
are rooted, the sooner they are potted off in 
small ]^H>ts the better, as the sand is liable to 
canker their roots, if left too long in it ; when 
pott«d off they should be placed in a close 
frame, but not on heat, as a bottom-heat will 
destroy their roots, when they must be hard- 
ened to the air by degrees. Plants raised in 
this way have better roots, grow faster, and 
flower sooner, than plants raised from seeds : 
in raising them from seeds, they should be 
sown in the same kind of soil as the plants 
are grown in, and placed in the greenhouse, 
or if it is in summer they will come up sooner, 
if placed out in the open air ; they will soon 
make their appearance, when they should be 
potted off in small pots, for if left in the seed 
pots too long they are apt to die, and are more 



difficult to move with safety.*' 


Synonymes: 1, 


B. Icdifdliay 


B. lUtordlis. 




ihoaula . . 


. Oroon 


8, G. Ev. a 


6 N. a W. 1788 




. Yellow 


7, G. Ev. a 


6 N. a W. 1794 


austrZOia . . 


. Green 


«. Q. Ev. a 


6 N. a W. 1812 


Bau2»ri . . 


. Gr. YeL 7, G. Ev. a 


4 N. HolL 1880 


Baxtferi . . 


. YeUow 


7, G. Ev. a 


6 N. HoU. 1830 


Br6wnU . . 


. YeUow 


7, G. Ev. a 


6 N. HoU. 1830 


Cideyi . . 


. Yellow 


8, G. Ev. a 


6 N. Hoa 1830 


cocclnea . . 


. 8carlot 


7, G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. HoU. 1808 


oolllna . . 


. Yellow 


6, G. Ev. a 


6 N. a W. 1800 


o6mpar . . 


. Yellow 


7, G. Ev. a 


N. HoU. 1824 


CunuinghlLmii 1 Pa. yel. 


7. G. Ev. a 


6 N. HolL 1828 


cylindrosttfchya YeUow 
dentiU . . . Yellow 


7, G. Ev. a 
7, G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. S. W. 

4 N. 8. W. 1822 


depr&Mft. . 


. Yellow 


7. G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. HoU. 1824 


drjandroldes 


. YeUow 


8, G. Ev. a 


6 N. HoU. 1824 


eUtior . . 


.Yellow 


8. G Ev. a 


N. HolL 1824 


ericif61ia. . 


. Yellow 


8, G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. a W. 1788 


Goddii . . 


. YeUow 


fl, G. Ev. a 


4 N. HolL 1830 


Hbgelii . . 
iUcUfblia . . 


. YeUow 


6, G. Ev. a 


8 N. HoU. 1794 


.YeUow 


8, G. Ev. a 


6 N. 8. W. 1837 


. 8carlet 


7, G. Ev. a 


6 N. a W. 1837- 


insulAris . . 


. Yellow 


8, G. Ev. a 


6 N. 8. W. 1822 


iiitogrrifdlia . 
latif 61ia . . 


. YeUow 


7, G. Ev. 8. 


10 N. a W. 1788 
25 N. a W. 1802 


. Green 


7, G. Ev. a 


UttorAlis. . 


. Orange 


7, G. Ev. 8. 


4 N. HoU. 1803 


marcdscena . 


. YeUow 


7, G. Ev. 8. 


8 N. HoU. 1794 


margin&ta . 


. Yellow 


7. G. Ev. a 


6 N. 8. W. 1804 


mMia. . . 


. Yellow 


7, G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. HoU. 1824 


Menzi^aU . 


. YeUow 


8. G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. a W. 1837 


nutans . . 


. Yellow 


6, G. Ev. 8. 


4 N. HoU 1808 


oblougifblia. 


. YeUow 


7. G. Ev. a 


12 N. 8. W. 1805 


occident&lU. 


. YeUow 


6, G. Ev. 8. 


16 N. HolL 1803 


paluddsa. 1 


. Yellow 


8, G. Ev. 8. 


4 N. 8. W. 1806 


prostr&ta . 


.YeUow 


4, G. Ev. 8. 


2 N. HoU. 1824 


pulchaia . 


. Yellow 


6, G. Ev. a 


6 N. HoU. 1»06 


quercifblia . 
repena . . 


. Yellow 


7, Q. Ev. a 


6 N. HolL 1806 


. YeUow 


7, G. Ev. a 


1 N. HoU. 1803 


aen^ta . . 


. YeUow 


8, G. Fv. 8. 


15 N. 8. W. 1788 


Solitodra. . 


. YeUow 


8, Q. Ev. a 


6 N. HoU 1830 


specidsa . . 


. YeUow 


7, G. Ev. a 


6 N. HolL 1806 


spinul^aa . 


. YeUow 


8, G. Ev. 8. 


N. 8. W. 1788 


uphaerocdrpa 


.YeUow 


7, G. Ev. 8. 


6 N. HoU. 1803 


verticiUAta . 


. YeUow 


8, G. Ev. T. 


10 N. HoU. 1794 


Bansook. See Addmia. 




Banyan tree. See Picus indica 




Banya-tdnta 


. See Araucdria Cobkii. 


Banza-tdnza. 


See AratuAHa Cobkii. 


Baobab tree. 


See Adansbnia. 





BAphia, Afzelius. Taken from haplie, from its 
use in dyeing. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PabdcecB. The genu^ yields what cabinet- 
makers call ringwood. 
nlUda .... White 8, 8. Ev. T. 25 8. Leone. 1793 

BAPTfsiA, jRohert Brown. From haplo^ to dye ; 
in allusion to the dyeing properties ijossessed 
by some species. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Fabdcea. Ornamental border plants, succeed- 
ing in common loamy soil, and multiplied by 
divisions. The roots and leaves of B. tinctdria 
are antiseptic and astringent. Stpwnynie: 1, 
Podalpria uniflbra. See Anagpris. 

Aba .... White . 
auricul&ta . Blue . 
austr^lia . . Blue . 
conflisa . . Blue . 
exalt&ta . . White . 
lanceoUta 1 . YeUow 
minor . . . Blue . 
mdllis . . . Blue . 
perfolikta . Yellow 
tinctbria . . YeUow 
viUdsa . . . YeUow 
versicolor. . Id. pur. 

Baranetz. See Aspidium Baromitz. 
BARBAcfeNiA, Vandelli. From Barhacena^ the 
governor of Minas Geraes. Linn, 6, Or. 1, 



6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer 1734 
0, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amor. 1812 
6, H. Her. P. 8 N. Arner. 1768 
6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 

6, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1724 

7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1818 

8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1829 

6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1824 
8, F. Her. P. 3 CoroUna. 1732 

7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1760 

8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1811 
7, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1824 



BAR 



C7 



BAR 



Jfat. Or. ITamodordcece. An interesting 
genus, growing in sandy loanii and multipliea 
by divisions. Syjionyrru: 1, Veiichia aqua- 
mata, 

gracilis . . Red . 8, O. Her. P. 1 BnudL . 
purptirea . . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. l{ Branl. . 1825 
Rogiferi . . Purple 7, S. Her. P. ll BradL . 1850 
squamMa 1 . Y. crim. 8, O. Her. P. i BrazU. . 1841 

Barbadoes cedar. See Jutiipenu barbacUnns. 

Barbadoes cherry. See Malpighia. 

Barbadoes gooseberry. See Periskia. 

Barbadoes lily. See Amaryllis eqtUstris. 

Barba-Jovis. See Anthpllis Bdrba-Jdms. 

BarbArea, JRobert Brovm. On account of its 
being formerly called the herb of St. Barbara. 
Linn. 16, IJat Or. BrassieaeecB. Plants of 
easy culture. The genus is called the Winter 
Cress. Synonyines: 1, Cheirdn-thus ibdrvms; 
2, Sisymbrium Barbdrea; 8, Erysimum prdt- 
cox; 4, £. Barbdrea, 

prdbcox 3 . Yellow 10, H. Her. P. 1 Eng., brooks, 
vulgiria 4 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Brit, RubWsh. 
arcudtOj iMrica 1, orthdoceras, planiaginea 2, 
taurica. 

Barberry. See Birberis. 

BarbXscum. See Verbdscum. 

Barbotine. See Artemisia coBruUscens. 

Barbi^ra, Decan, In compliment to J. B. G. 
Barbier, M.D. Unn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Fabdcece, An ornamental species, grown in 
sandy peat, and multiplied by cuttings. Sy- 
nonymes: 1, ClUdria poCyphplla. Galdcliapin- 
ndia. 
polyph^lla 1 . Purple . 8. Ev. S. 2 8. Amer. 1818 

BXrbula. See Mastacdnthus. 

BardAna. See Arctium Barddna. 

BarIlla. See Salsdla. > 

Bark^ria, KnotoUs and WcstcoU. In honour 
of G. Barker, Esq., of Birmingham. Linn, 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiditceas. These plants 
are surpassed by few for the beauty of their 
flowers, even amongst the numerous splendid 
examples which belong to their Order ; they 
thiive best suspended in shallow baskets made 
of wood, and filled with turfy peat and sphag- 
num moss, mixed with some broken sticks to 
keep the whole light and open, that water may 
percolate freely, and be placed in an airy 
situation in the Orchidese-house. Synonyms: 
1, Epid&ndrum Skinnerk 

flegans . . . Lt. pink S, 8. Epi. 1^ Mexico . 1836 
Lindloy&na . . Purple . 2, 8. EpL 1 CostaRica 1842 
Bkfnneri 1 . . Rd. Iliac 8, & Epi. 2 Guatemala. 

m&jor . . . Rd. Iliac 9, S. EpL 2 GuatomalAl847 
specUbflia . . Lilac. . 7, 8. EpL 1 Guatemalal841 

BarkhAusia, Decandolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AsterdeecR. Uninteresting plants, 
growing in any common garden soil, and 
merely requiring to be sown where they are 
to stand. Synonymes: 1, Crdpis alpina ; 2, 
Cr^pis fdUida; 3, Crhpis setbsa ; 4, Crhpis 
cimua; 6, Cripis taurin&nsia—B. dlbida, al- 
pina 1, bellidif61ia, foetida 2, Canddllei, gra- 
vedlens, glanduldsa, macroph^'Ua, Marschdllii, 
nkna, purpurea, riibra, scaridsa, setdsa 8, 
Suffreni^Lua 4, taraxacif^lia 5. 

Bark Perttviak. See Cinchdna. 

Bark Broed. See Pinus sylvislris. 



Barkless wood. See L^tia Ouiddnia. 

Barl^ria, Linn, In honour of the Rev. James 
Barrelier, a Dominican, and M.D. of Paris. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. AcaniMceos. These 
interesting dwarfish plants flower freely if 
grown in loam and peat, mixed with a little 
rotten dung ; and strike readily from cuttings 
made of the young wood, planted in soil, and 
placed under a glass. Synonym^s ; 1, J3. mUis^ 
Justlcia Jtava, Erdnlkemumfidvum; 2, IHclip- 
tera spindsa. See Aateracdntka. 
Aba . . . White . 7, a Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1815 
buxlfdlia . . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 9 B. Indies . 1768 
cffiHilea . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1823 
criAt&ta . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. a 2 B. Indies . ITM 
dich6toma . Purple . 7, 8. Ev. a 2 R Indies . 1828 
flAva 1. . . Yellow . 7, a Ev. 8. S B. Indies . 1810 
longifdlia . . White . 8, 8. B. 2 B. Indies . 1781 
longifl6ra . . YeUow. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 B. Indies . 1810 
hipullna 2 . Yellow . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Mauritius . 1824 
Prionltis . . Orange 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 R Indies . 1759 
purp&rea . . Purple. 9, 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1814 
aolanifblia . Blue . 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Indies, 
stngdsa . . Blue . 7, 8. Bv. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1820 

Barley. See Ndrdeum. 

Barley sugar is the syrup from the refuse of 
sugar candy. 

BARNADfesiA, Linn. fils. Named after Michael 
Bamadcz, a Spanish botanist. Linn. 19, Or. 
6, Nat. Or. Asterdcecc. Curious spiny bushes, 
requiring warm greenhouse treatment, lliey 
should be grown in peat, loam, and sand, in 
equal proportions. Water must be sparingly 
applied in winter. Propagation is easily 
efiected by seeds or cuttings, 
rtfsea . . Deep rose 12, 8. Ev. 8. 2 8. Amer. . 1840 

BarnadIizia. See Bamaddsia, 

BarnJLrdia, Lindley. In honour of E. Barnard, 
F.L.S. Lin7i. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LUidceca. 
This pretty species succeeds well in peat and 
loam mixed, and increases by offsets, 
scilloldoe . . Pa. blue 0, F. Bi. ^ China . . 1820 

Bar66MA. See Bary6sma. 

Barom^Z. See Aspidium BaromiU. 

Barred, marked in spaces with a paler coloar, 
resembling bars. 

Barren-wort. See Epim^ium. 

Barrinqt6nia, Forster. Dedicated to the Hon. 
Daines Ban-ington, F.R.S., &c. Linn. 16, Or. 
8, Nat. Or. Myrtdcea. These very handsome, 
lofty-growing species are rather scarce in our 
stoves, and somewhat difficult to preserve in a 
healthy state. They must be grown in a moist, 
warm atmosphere, not by any means under 60 
degrees, and planted in loam and peat mixed. 
Cuttings in a moist heat, root in sand, under a 
glass. B. specidsa yields a reddish brown 
drupe, the seed of which, mixed with the bait, 
inebriates fish. Synonyme: 1, SiravMiumracA- 
mbsumy Eugdnia racem^dscL. See Stravddiv/m, 
rocomdea 1 . Red . 5, 8. Bv. T. 20 Molucca Isles, 
specidsa . . Scarlet 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1786 

BarthoiIna, R. Brown. In memory of the 
great Dauish anatomist and physiologist, Tho- 
mas Bartholin. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchiddceoc. A singular species, very difficult 
to preserve in our collections. It requires a 
very sandy loam, and a light part of the green- 
house ; it is very probable, that if they had 

F 2 



BAK 



68 



£AS 



more light in their growing season, they would 
be much easier preserved. Synonynu ; 1, Are- 
thttsa pectinAta. 
pcctinata 1 . Wht lUao . 11, G. Ter. { C. G. H. 1787 

BARTiiNQiA, O. Don. In honour of C. Bartliug, 
who, with Wendland, wrote an ingenious dis- 
sertation on Didsina, Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
CinchondLceoR. See Cryptandra, 

Bart6nia, Pursh. In honour of Dr. B. S. 
Barton, a botanist in Philadelphia. Linn. 12, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Loasdcuc. Beautiful plants 
with large yellow and white flowers, which 
open in the night, and effuse around them a 
delightful odour. Sweet says, they should be 
raised in a gentle hotbed, and when up, 
potted, and protected in the greenhouse in 
winter. Synanynu: 1, B. decapUala. See 
Ceiitaur&la. 



albdooeoB . Tol. wht 6, H. 
abrea . . Gold. yel. 0, H. 
nlidH . . White . 8, F. 
orn&ta 1 . White . 8» F. 



A. 1 ChUo . . 1831 

A. S CaUfornla . 1881 

B. 2 Missouri . 1811 
B. 2 Missouri . 1811 



BartrAmIA, ffedtoig. So called in honour of J. 
Bartram, an Anglo- American, to whose re- 
searches in N. America the gaidens of Europe 
owe many of their finest trees. Linn. 24, Or. 
5, Nat. Or. Brydjcem. This is an elegant genus 
of mosses, remarkable for their green leaves 
and spherical capsules. The genus approaches 
nearly to Brpum, but differs in almost every 
species having spherical capsules, and the six- 
teen broad segments of the inner peristome, in- 
stead of being entire, or onl]^ perforated, arc 
cleft like the teeth of a Dicranum. — See also 
Trium/iUa, Synonyme: 1, Brpum fonihnum 
— ^arcuata, fontkna, f. m&jor 1, t mkrchica, 
grdcilis, Halleriikna, ithyph^Ua, pomifdrmis, 
p. ml^or, p. minor. 

Bartsia, Linn. Dedicated to his friend John 
Barsch, M.D. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scro- 
phularidceaB. Curious plants, of difficult cul- 
tivation. They succeed best in a shady bog 
boixler, or in pots kept moist ; they also do 
pretty well in a moderately exposed situation 
sown in sandy soil. See CastUUja^ Euchrdfna, 
and Rhin&ntkus, 

alplna . . Purp. 8, H. A. ^ Brit., W. hills, 

latifblia . Purp. 8, H. A. 1 B. Eiiropc. 

odontites . Pink . 8, H. A. 2 Brittdn, mead, 

viscdsa. . Yellow 7, H. A. } Britain, marsh. 

Barwood. See Baphia niUda. 

Baru. See Saguirus aaccfuLrifera. 

Bart66MA, Willd. From the powerful scent of 
the leaves. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. RiU^eecB. 
Pretty species ; for culture, &c., see Didsma. 
Synonymes: 1, Didmia laiijolia, 2>. g&rrali' 
folia, D. odordUa, Biieco erendUa; 2, IH6sma 
linifblia; 3, AgathAsmalatifblia ; 4, AgcUMsma 
pukfUlla ; 5, Didmna latifdlia. See Ih'pUriz. 



botullna . 


. White . 6, G. Bv. 8. 2 C. O. H. 


.1790 


crenlLta . 


. White . 2, G. Bv. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


.1774 




. BluL-h 4, G. Et. B. S C. G. H. 


. 1789 


diolca2 . 


. White . 6, G. Ev. B. 2 C. G. H. 


.181« 


latif 51ia 3 


. White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


.1789 


odur&ta 5 . 


. White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


.1824 


oviita . . 


. White . 6. G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


.1790 


pulchaia 4 


. Purple 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


.1787 


Base broom 


. See Genista lincidrta. 





Bas^lla, Linn. Its Malabar name. Linn. 5, 
Or. 8, Nat Or. Basellacecc. Some species are 
pretty ; B. lueida when in fruit is very inter- 
esting. The seed should be sown on a gentle 
hotbed, or in pots in the hothouse, and after- 
wards ' planted out singly in small pots, and 
placed among the tender annuals. The species 
funiish a summer spinach in Paris and China. 
See milieus. 

Aha . . . White . 8, 8. B. 6 B. Indies . 1688 

cordifMla . Pa pur. 8, 8. CI. B. 8 K Indies . 1803 

Iticida . . White . 8, 8. CL B. B. Indies . 1802 

margin&ta White . 7, 8. Tw. B. 8 Mexico , . 1H24 

nlgm . . White . 8, a CI. B. 8 China . . 1822 

rambsa . . White . 8, 8. Ev. CL 6 

rlibra . . Pink . . 8, 8. CL B. 6 E. Indies . 1781 

tuborbsa . Purple . 9, 8. Tu. R 6 8. America 1824 

BasellIce^e. a small order nearly related to 
Cfieiwpods. 

Base saffron. See Cdrthamus tijictdrius. 

Base rocket. See lUseda liUea. 

BAsfiiicuM. See (/q/mum lasUicum. 

Basil. See (/q/mum. 

Basket osier. See ScUix Forbydtna. 

Basilar, at the base or anything, usually the 
embryo when situated at the bottom of the 
seed. 

BissiA, Linn. In honour of Ferdinando Bassi, 
Curator of the Botanic Garden at Bologna. 
Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat Or. Sapotdcece. Hand- 
some lofty-growing trees, thriving well in light 
loam and peat, mixed ; rii)encd cuttings in 
sand, under a glass, strike root freely. B. ha- 
tyrdcea yields a thick oil-like butter, and B. 
hngifhlia is prescribed in rheumatic affections. 
See BchinSpsilon. 

butvriloea . 
lati/dlia . . 
longifdlia . 



Yellow 8, 8. Ev. T. 40 Nepal . . 1828 
Yellow 8, 8. Ev. T. 40 E. Indies 1799 
Yellow 8, 8. Ev. T. 40 £. Indies 1811 



Bassorin. a chemical propertv found in the 

roots of several tuberous orchids. 
Bassoyium. See Soldnum Bassdvium. 
Bastard acZcll See Robinia Pseikdoacdcia. 
Bastard acm^lla. See Spildnthes Pscudo- 

acnUlla. 
Bastard at5cion. See Siline Pscudo-atdcitm. 
Bastard balm. See MelUtis. 
Bastard box. See Polpgala Chamcebdxus. 
Bastard cabbage-treb. See Gcoffrdya. 
Bastard cedar. See Ouazdma. 
Bastard cherry. See Cirasus PseHdo-e&rastis. 
Bastard cinnamon. See Cinnambmum Cdssia. 
Bastard cork-tree. See QiUrcus Pxildo- 

sOber. 
Bastard crAcca. See Vicia Psritdo crdeca. 
Bastard cypArus. See Cdrcx P9eudo-cyj}h'us. 
Bastard dictImnus. See Beringtria Pseudo- 

dictdinniis. 
Bastard ground-pine. See Teiicrium PseHdo- 

chamApiiys. 
Bastard hare*s-ear. See Pkpilis. 
Bastard hyssop. See Tcilcrium Pseudo-hys- 

sdpus. 
Bastard indigo. See Ambrpha. 
Bastard jasmine. See Andrbsace chamcc- 

jdstne. 
Bastard lupine. See THfblium LujnndsUr. 
Bastard manchineel. See Cainerdria. 



BAS 



69 



BAU 



Bastard mouse-ear. See EierAeium PxUdo- 
pihsilla 

Bastard 6lbta. See LavaUra Pseildo'^llna. 

Bastard orpine. See Andrdchne. 

Bastard pimpernel. See CerU&nculua hi- 
chrnis. 

Bastard quince. See Pprus-chameenUspUus. 

Bastard rocket. See Brdssica Paeudo-erueda- 
irum. 

Bastard toadflax. See Tfiisium, 

Bastard vervain. See Stachytdrpfieta. 

Bastard vetch. See Phiuxi. 

Bastard windflower. See OetUidna PuAdo- 
pneumondnUie. 

Bastard woodsaoe. See TeHterium PaeHdo- 
scorodhnia. 

BastArdia. See Sida. 

Bastj^ria. See CalycdnihiLa, 

BatXrrba.. See BtUtdrrea. 

BatAtas, Choiay. According to Eumphms, a 
Malayan, and to Nieremberg, a Mexican, word. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Convolvuldeeis. The 
species of this geni}8 are strong free-growing 
plants, requiring room to spread, and, being 
tuberous-rooted, should be kept dry when in 
a torpid state. Light rich soil suits them 
best ; and half-ripened cuttings root readily 
under a hand-glass in moderate heat. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Ipomdea bignoniotdea ; 2, /. honari- 
6nsi8 ; 3, /. Cavamlliaii ; 4, /. BatiUaa ; 5, /. 
glaucifdlia; 6, 7. hUerophiflla ; 7, /. Jaldpa, 
Convolvidtia Jalapa, C. macrorMziu ; 8, Ipo- 
m/dea eriospSrma, I. goaaypi/dlui, I. intignia ; 9, 
/. pentaphplla; 10, 7. aenegdUnsia ; 11, 7. 
tcmala; 12, 7. venoaa; 18, 7. WilldenMi, 

bet&cea . . . F^vio. 6, O.De.Tw. 6 Demerara 1839 
blgnonioldes 1 D. pur. 7, 8, De.Tw. 8 Cayenne . 1824 
bonarltesis 2 . Piir. 0, 8.De.Tw. 10 Buonoe A. 1889 
CavaniUMi S . W.rod. 8, S.De Tw. 10 . 1815 

edtilis4 . . . W.pur.6, S.De.Tw. 6 E. Indies 1797 
glaucifdlia 5 . P. pur. 0, S.De.Tw. Mexitjo . 1782 
heteroph^lla 6 P. pur. 9, SDe.Tw. 10 Cuba . . 1817 
lalApa 7 . . . Bom . 8, S.De.Tw. 10 Mezioo . 1845 
ponicul&ta 8 . Pup. . 7, B De.Tw. 10 R Indies . 1799 
pentaph^lla 9 . White 8, S.De.Tw. 20 E. Indies . 1789 
Benef^l^Dsis 10 White 7, S.De.Tw. 10 Guinea . 1823 
tem&tall . . White 7, S.De.Tw. 4BrasU. .1824 
▼enbea 12 . . Pur. 7, S.De.Tw. 8 Mauritius 1820 
WilldeD6?U 13 Pur. 7, S.De.Tw. 10 . . 1818 

BatemInnia, Lindley, In compliment to 
James Batoman, Esq., of Enypersley Hall, 
Cheshire, an ardent collector and successful 
cultivator of Orchidacese, and author of that 
splendid work, the " Orchidacese of Mexico 
and Guatemala." IAtvh, 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
OrehiddcecB. A very pretty species, well de- 
serving a place in every colleotion ; it some- 
what resembles a Maxillaria, with a pendulous 
raceme of flowers from the base of the pseudo- 
bulbs ; the sepals and petals are brownish- 
purple within, green without, and a white 
labellum. It requires the same trei^tment as 
Stanhdpea, and other similar genera. 
Coll^ . . Pur. gm. 8, 8. EpL ^ Demorara . 1834 

Batrachosp^rhuh, Agardh. From hatraehoa, 
frog, and apemuiy seed. Name refers to the 
situation where the species grow. Idniu 24, 
Or. 7, Nat. Or. Fucdceas. The species are in- 
teresting, having more or less the appearance 



of a necklace, especially B. monilifirme ; they 
grow mostly in marshes — monili/hrme, m. de- 
Uraum, m. purpurdacena^ m. aimpHciua, m* 
atagndJe: vd^im, v. tenuiaahnum. 
BXtbchia, Miehattx. In honour of John George 
Batsch, a professor of botany in Gei-many. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Boragmdcea. Pretty 
dwarf species, succeeding in common soil, and 
increased by seeds or divisions. Synonymea: 
1, LHhoapirmum eaniacena ; 2, L. hirtum, 
Bdlaehia caroliiUnaia. 

candscens 1 . Tellow 7, H. Her. P. 11 N. America 1826 
Gmelini 2 . TeUow 6, H. Her. P. I Carolina .1812 
lon«rifldia. . TeUow 6, H. Her. P. \ Miasouii . 1812 
sei^iea . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. \ N. America 1826 

BattXrrea, Peraoon. Named in honour of 
Antonia Battarra. Linji, 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
LyooperdAcecB. A very curious plant, found 
only in Britain, where it is veij rare. The 
volva or wrapper, is about the size of a hen's 
egg, originally in three slightly coriaceous 
layers, hollow internally, whicii rises suddenly 
to its full height of about twelve inches ; the 
stalk carries up on its summit full half the 
innermost layer of the volva, which is white 
and smooth within, and covered externally 
with copious brown sporules, intermixed with 



BAUDfNiA. See Cdlothdmmia. 

BAi^ERA, Andr. In memory of Francis and 
Ferdinand Bauer, botanical draughtsmen of 
the highest celebrity. Linn. 13, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. Bydrangedcea. Pretty, free-flowering 
species, of easy culture ; a mixture of sana 
and peat suits them, and voung cuttings root 
readily in sand or soil, under a glass, 
hhmilis . .Red . 9, G. Bv. & 1 N. 8 W. 1804 
ruUffifblia . Pink . », O. £v. & 1^ N. 8. W. 1708 

BauhIkia, Plumier, In memory of John and 
Caspar Bauhin, botanists of the sixteenth cen- 
tury. Linn, 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. Pahaceoa, 
Showy interesting species, some of them par- 
ticularly so when in bloom ; they succeed well 
in a mixture of sand, loam, and peat ; and 
cuttings taken when the wood is neither ripe 
nor very young (observing to dress off the 
leaves), and planted in sand, under a glass 
in a moist heat, will strike root. The dried 
leaves and young buds of B. tomanldea are 
prescribed in dysenteric affections ; the bark 
of B. varitgata is used in tanning and drying 
leather, and that of B. rcuxmdaa is employed 
in making ropes. Synonymea : 1, B. angulna; 
2, B, reiuact, divariodUa; 8, B. amledta. 

aonle^ta . . . White 6, 8. Ey. 8. 6 W. Indies 1737 

acumin&ta . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. OK Indies 1808 

Ameridlna . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. 1800 

anat6mica . . White 7, 8. Ey. 8. 8. Amer. 1806 

arm^ta . . . White 0, 8. Ey. CL 6 Brazil . 1824 

aurtta . . . White fli, & Ey. 8. 6 Jamaica . 1756 

oibididA . . . White 6. 8. By. & 6 E. Indies 1777 

chintesis . .Red. . 6, 8. Ey. 8. 6 China . 1800 

oorymbdsa 1 . White 6, 8. Ey. CL 6 E. Indies 1818 

euman^nsis . White 7, 8. Ey. CL 4 Cumana 1826 

diyaric&ta . . White 7, 8. Ey. 8. 6 W. Indies 1742 

emarvin^ta . . White 7, 8. Ey. 8. 4 Carthag. 17U0 

ferruginea . . White 7. 8. Ey. CL 8 E Indies 1820 

forfickta. . .White 7, 8. Ey. 8. 6 Bnudl .1828 

gUbra . . . White 6, 8- Ey. CL 12 Carthag. 1810 

glauc^soons . White 8, 8. By. & 6 Cumana 1817 

gnodiiSAra. .White ^S.«y.8. 4 Peru. .1820 



BAY 



70 



BEG 



ffulan^nsis . . White 8, S. Ev. CI. 15 Gtiiona . 1820 

heteropb^lla . White 7, 8. £7. 8. 6 Caraccas 1824 

Indicu . . . White 7, 8. Ev. 9. 6 R Indies 1820 

in&rmls . . . Tel. red 7, 8. Br. 8. Aciipulco 1810 

I^markiAna 2 . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. 1818 

latlf61ia . . . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 W. Indies 1818 

leptop^tala . . YeL gr. 7, 8. Ev. a 5 N. 8pain 1818 

lun&ria . . . White 8, 8. Ev. a 6 Acapuloo 1820 

^*5^J^~«^- } White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Hadagaa. 1826 

malabtfrica ." . White 6, 8. "Bv. CL 12 B. Indies 1810 

microph^lla . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. 1817 

multin^rvia . White 8, 8. Ev. & 5 Caraccas 1808 

parvifl6ra . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 B. Indiea 1827 

Paul^tia . . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Panama 1730 

porr^cta . . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 W. Indies 1823 

pub^scens . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Jamaica 1778 

purphrea . . Purple 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 B. Indies 1778 

raccmdsa . . Pa. pink 6, 8. Ev. CL 15 B. Indies 1790 

rethsa . . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Indies 1820 

rufdscens . . Pa. red 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Africa . 1810 

scdndens . . W. veL 8, 8. Ev. CL 20 E. Indies 1790 

semibfflda . . White 6, 8. Ev. CI. 8 K Indies 1817 

spath&cea . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Mexico . 1823 

speciftsa . . . White 6, S. Ev. CL 10 1820 

subrotundifblia White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Acapulco 1820 

tomenUwa . . YeLwh. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 B. Indies 1808 

triindra . . . White 7, 8. Bv. CL 16 R Indies 1823 

tingulaS . .White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Caraccas 1817 

▼ariog&ta . . Striped 6, 8. Ev. & 6 K Indies 1690 

Bawd-money. See M^um. 

Bayberry-bush. See Myrica ceri/era. 

Bay TREB. See LaHrus nbbilis. 

Bdellium. See Balsamodeiidron. 

Bead tree. See MHia. 

Beak, auything like the beak of a biixl, liurd 
sharp points. 

Beam tree. See Pprus Aria. 

Bean. See Fdba. 

Bean caper. See Zygophpllum. 

Bean trefoil. See Andgyris. 

Bean tree. See Ceratdnia ^liqiia. 

Bear berry. See Arct-ost&phylos iLva Ursi. 

Bearbind. See CalysUgia. 

Beardletted, possessed of small- awns. 

Bear oak. See QuArcxis ilidfblia. 

Bear's- breech. See Acdnthm. 

Bbar's-ear saniclr See Corlilsa. 

Bear's-foot. See HelUborus fdstidus. 

Bear's-GRAFE. See Arclostdphylos ilva HrH. 

Beast's- BANE. See AcoTiitum theri/yphonum. 

Beat6nia, Herbert. Named in honour of Mr. 
Beaton, a celebrated gardener, and contributor 
to many horticultural publico tious. Linn. 
16, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Iriddcea. For culture, see 
Tigridia. Synonyme: Tigridia violdcea, 
atrita . . Dk. pur. 8, O. Bl. P. 2 Mexico . . 1843 
curvata . . Purple . 7, O. BL P. 1 Comalapan 1843 
purptirea . . Purple . 8, G. Bl. P. 1 Brazil . .1841 

Beauf6rtia, Robert Brown. In compliment to 
Mary, Duchess of Beaufort, a botanical pa- 
troness. Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Myrtacece. 
Very splendid and desirable species ; for cul- 
ture, &c. Synonyme: 1, Beaufdrtia carindtta ; 
2, Schizopleira Tnacrost^mon, See Tristdnia. 
carin&ta . . . Scarlet 6, G. Bv. 8. 2 N. HolL . 182S 
Dampi^il . . Pink . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Hartog's Is. 
decuas&ta . . 8carlet 5» G. Ev. 8. 8 N. Hoa . 1803 
macrostdmon 2 Purple 7, G. Ev. a 8 8wan R . 1843 
purphroa . . Purple 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 8wan R. .1841 
spArsa . . . Rod . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1803 
spl^ndens . . Rod . 6, G. Ev. a 8 N. HolL . 1830 

BBAUHARNoisE^V. See Tovomtta frv>ctipindula. 
Beaum6ntia, Wallich. In memory of Diana, 
the lady of Colonel T. Beaumont^ of Bretton I 



Hall. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. ApocynAceoB. 
Beautiful species, especially B. grandijldra. 
They succeed well in loam, or loam and peat 
mixed, and are propagated from cuttings, or 
seed, in sandy soil under a glass. 

grandifldra . . White 6, a Ev. Tr?. 15 E. Ind, 1820 
longifdlia . . White 6, a Ev. Tw. 15 E. Ind. 1818 

Beaver tree. See Magndlia glaHca. 

BECCABtJNQA. See Ver6niea BeccaMnga. 

BijciUM, Lindley. An ancient name for the 
Sage. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LamiiUece. 
A beautiful flowering hardy shrub, which may 
be increased by seeds or cuttings like the va- 
rious species of Sdlvia. Synonymes: 1, (/cy- 
mum grandifli^um, 0. (ibyssiTUcum, 0. fiUi- 
mentdsum. 
blcolor 1 . Wht lUao 10, H. De. 8. 2 Abyssinia 1842 

B^CKEA. See Bdsckea. 

BeckmInnla, Hoat. Dedicated to Mr. Beck- 
man, the author of **The History of Inven- 
tions.** Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Graminacece. 
An uninteresting species, of the simplest cul- 
ture. Synonyme : 1, Cynosiinis erucecfbrmis — 
erucifonnis 1. 

Bedf6rdia, De CandoUe. In honour of the 
Duke of Bedford, a great promoter of Botany. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcete. For cul- 
ture and propagation refer to Cachlia. 
saliclna . , Yellow 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 V. D. L. . 1820 

Beebeeru. See Nccldndra RodidH. 

Bee larkspur. See Delphinium. 

Bed -straw. See Odlium and Hedysarum Apa- 
rlnes. 

Beech. See Fdgus. 

Beet. See B^. 

BefAria. See Bejdria. 

Beech drops. See Eplphegus. 

B£g6nia, Linn. In honour of Michael Begon, 
a Frenchman, and promoter of botany. Lhm. 
21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Bcgoniaccce. An interest- 
ing, somewhat succulent genus, peculiar foi 
the leaves being oblique at their base. They 
succeed well in very rich soil, and cuttings 
root readily. Some species are useful in cases 
of scurvy. Synonymes: 1, B. m^zcUldta; 2, 
rO^ra ; 8, gldbra^ populi/dliay denticuldta ; 4, 
parvifdlia; 5, punctdta; 6, radidla; 7, ddda, 
paucijldra peltdta ; 8, p&ndtila, ripens ; 9, odo- 
rata; 10, ^ndiJUn-a ; 11, Mrta; 12, obllqua; 
13, aurantiaca; 14, pentaphplla; 16, verticil- 
Idta; 16, grdndis, uni/^rmis; 17, vili/hlia ; 
18, ^mrpHrea; 19, odordta, kHmilia; 20, in- 
camata; 21, Evansidna, 

acerif61ia . Whitish 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Brazil . 1829 

tfcida . . . White 6, 8. Her. P. 2 BrazU . 1847 

acuminita . White 7, 8. Bv. 8. 1 JanuUca. 1790 

acutifblia 18 White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. 1816 

ilbo cccclnca Sea. w. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 B. Ind. 1844 

iSptera . . . White 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Java . 

argyrostlgma White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Brasa . 1810 

Barkljril . . White 1, G. Her. P. 8 Mexico . 1837 

biserr&ta . . Pink 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Guatem. 1847 

Bnibtfntii. . Pink 6, 8. Her. P. 2 

bulblfera . . Wht pk. 7, G. Her. P. 1 Peru . 1827 

castazuef61ia . Pink 2, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Bracil . 1833 

chrysolehca . Scarlet 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 N. Gron. 

^rtS?i3 } ^- y*^' ^» 8. Her. P. 2 Bolivia . 1849 
cocclnea 2 . Scarlet 4, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Braxil . 1842 
oonchiefdlia . Red all 8. Ev. Tr. | C. Rica . 1852 



BEG 



71 



BEL 



crasaicatilla . Wbt. pk. 2, S. Ey. 8. 2 OiiatouL 1842 

cucuimta . . White all 8. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 

Deed&lea . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 8. Amer. 

digit&te 16 . White 7, 8. Her. P. 7 Bi««iL . 

dichdtoma . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Cai-accaa. 1800 

dip^tala . . Pink 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Bombay. 1827 

dli.teral2 .White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1822 

dlBcolor21 .White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 China. 1804 

marmor&ta White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 

dIsUcha . . White 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Bnudl . 1819 

divemifbUa . Pink 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1829 

Dr^ei 4 . White 7, 8. Ev. a 1 C. G. H. 1889 

dUbia . . . White 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Braail . 1818 

fagifbUa 5 . White 4, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Brazil . 1838 

Flschorl . . White 6. 8. Ev. 8. It 8. Amer. 1836 

fuch8iu)dei> . 8carlet 12, 8. Ev. a 4 N. Gren. 1844 

Fflnckii . . Pink 6. 8. Ev. 8. 2 

Sjraniifblia . Wht rd. 9, 8. Tu. P. IJ Lima . 1833 

riffithii . . Rose 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 

^^Sua'e . 1 ^^^ °^ ^' ^- ^' * Mexico . 1831 

mdikba, \ . Pink aU 8. Tu. P. 2 Mexico . 1862 

^*^^^f-}Red 6,8. P. Tr.l C. Amer. 1848 

hirsttta '. . White 6, 8. B. 1 W. Ind. 1784 

hjrt<nia . . White 9, 8. Her. P. 1 1824 

hhrailis . . White 9, 8. B. \ W. Ind. 1788 

Humb61dtii. 6,8. Ev. 8. 1 

^^fSia*^" } Pink . 6, 8. Her. P. \ 8. Amer. 1843 

hypargyrea . Bed . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Assam . 

inc&na . . White . 4, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1838 

imperi&lis . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 

inoirnJLta . Pink . 6, & Her. P. \\ Brazil . 1829 

Ingram:! . Pink . tJ, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 1850 

insignia 20 .Pink . 12, 8. Ev. 8. 1 8.. Amer. 1826 

laurlna . . Pink . 7, 8. Her. P. 2 

^iniT?" } ^^^** • ®' ^' '^^' ^' ^ Guatemala, 

longifblia . Pk. wh. 6, 8. Ev. a 3 S. Amer. 

16ngipca . . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Mexico . 1828 

lUcida . . . White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1816 

manic&ta . Pa.pk. . 4, 8, Her. P. 2 Braza . 1862 

macrophf 11a White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1793 

marg^rit^cea White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Assam . 

M&rshaim . Pink . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 

Marti&na. .Pink . 9.8. Tu. P. 2 BrazU . 1829 

Mey^ri . . Whit« . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 3 BrazU . 1838 

miuiiita . . VermiL 6, 8. Her. P. 3 Columbia 1854 

mon6ptera . White . 8, 8. Tu. P. 2 BrazQ . 1829 

"^biuJSa'. } "^^^^ ' ^» ^- '^- ^' ^* ^™**^ • ^^^ 

muri<Ata*14. White . 9. 8. Her. P. 2 BrazU . 1830 

natal^aifl . Pink . 6, G. Tu. P. 2 8. Africa, 

nitida. . .White. 8, 8. Ev. 8. U Jamaica . 1777 

niv5sa . . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Assam . 
octop<5tala 10 Osh.wt. 10, 8. Tu. P. 2 Peru . . 1835 

odot^ta . . White . 9, 8. Her. P. It . 1824 

opnUfldra . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 N. Gmda. 1854 

Ottdnis . . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Caraccas. 

pahn&ta . . White . 8, 8. Ev. P. 1 ^opal . 1819 

papiUbaa . . Pink . 7, & Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 1826 

pdtula. . , White . 6, 3. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1818 

paucifl5ra . White . 9, 8. Her. P. H .1816 

parvifldra . White . 6. S. Ev. 8. 3 G. G. H. . 1836 

peltifdlia, 7 . White . 5, 8. Her. P. 3 Bnunl . 1816 

petaloldea . Ro. wt. 6, 8. Ev. 8. t BrazU . 1832 

picta 11 . . Pink . 8, 8. Tu. P. l\ Nepal . 1818 

pUtanifdlia . Pink . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 6 BrazU . 1829 

Prestoni&isis 8cariet 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 1854 

sup^ba . Scarlet. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 

P'^^jJ^ I TeUow. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Fernanda Po 

pulchaia.* . White . 7, 8. Her. P. t BrazU . 1823 

quadricolor . YLr.wt 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 

ramentAoea . Wtbm. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 BrazU . 1830 

renifdrmis . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1 BrazU . 1818 

rubrovfenia . Wh. red 6, a Ev. 8. j N.India. 1836 

rubicahUs . Blush . 6, a Ev. 8. 1 Brazil . 

ruptSstria . . Pink . •4, 8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 

sangulnea . Red . 7. 8. Ev. 8. 2 BrazU . 1829 

"^^. } ^^'^^ 7, a Ev. a 2 Hybrid . 

Scamm^ii . 61 8. Ev. 8. 2 

sc^deus 3 . White . 8, 8. Ev. CL 2 Guiana . 1822 

■cmperfld- J ^^^ 5, a Ev. a 2 BrazU . 1829 

rena 1 . ) ' 



SaiowU . . White . 9, 8. Her. P. 1 

sinu&ta 9 . . White . 6, 8. Ev. S. 2 BrazU . 1836 

smaragdlna . Piuple. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 

spMndida . Grimsn. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Java . . 

BtrigUliwa . Rose . 6, 8. P. Tr. J C. Amer. 1852 

stij^bsa . . White . 7, 8. Her. P. 1 

apatuUta. . White . 9, 8. Her. P. IJ W. Ind. . 1819 

Buave61en8 19 White . 8, a Ev. a 1 W. Ind. . 1816 

ThwaltesU . White . 6, 8. Her. P. t Ceylon . 1851 

tuberdsa . . White . 8, 8. Tu. P. t Amboyna 1810 

ulmifdlla. .White. 7,8. Ev. 8. 2 8. Amer. 1822 

undul&ta. . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 BxuzU . 18&S 

iiroph^Ua . Rose . 6, a Her. P. 1 

viUbsa. . .Pink .7,8. A. j 8. Amer. 

vitifWa 16 . White . 4, 8. Her. P. \ BrazU . 

xanthlua . Yellow. 7, a Her. P. 1 N. India. 1836 

arg^ntea . YeUow. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 N. India. 1836 

zobrlna . . Pink . 7, 8. Her. P. li BrazU . 1845 

There are also a great number of very beautiful 
garden varieties, a few of which might be 
mentioned as arg^ntea, a. giittkta, a. punc- 
tiita, grandis, Madame Wdgner, Mirdnda, ne- 
bnldsa, picturkta, Rollis6nii, Rex, Trobetzkdyi, 
. &c. 

BEGONiAcEiE. A small order of plants, con- 
taining but one known genus — Beg6nia. 
Behen. ' See SiUne Blhen and Serrdhda Bihen, 
fiEiOLo5TA. See OhinamdTrvim Beiolgdta, 
BejAria, Mviia. ' In memory of M. Bejar, a 
Spanish botanist. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
EricdiceoB. Beautiful species, of easy culture, 
succeeding well in loam and peat ; and cuttings 
root readily under a glass in heat. Synonyme : 

1, Befdria Lindenihna. 

^stuans . . Rose . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Peru . . . 1846 
dnnambmea Purp. . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Peru . . . 1847 
coarctAta. . Purp. . 6, 8, Ev. 8. 3 Peru . . . 1847 
glahca. . . Purp. . 6, 8. Ev. a 3 N. Grenada. 1826 
ledifbUa . . Purp. . 8, 8. Ev. a 8 Caraccas . 1847 
Lindeni&na 1 Crimsn. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Caxamar . 1851 
racemdsa. . Purp. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 Florida . . 1810 

Belamcanda- See Parddnthus. 

BELANokRA. See Polysthnxm, 

BelIlla. See Mussdenda. 

B&LTS. See Cunninghdmia. 

Belladonna lilt. See Amaryllis Bellad&nna, 

BeliArdia. See Conddtia. 

Belleisle cress. See Barbdrca precox. 

Beli-evAlia, La Peynmse. In memory of P. R. 
Belleval, a French botanist Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Lilidcem. An interesting genus, 
succeeding in common soil, and increased by 
suckers. Syn(myme3: 1, Seilla roindna, Hya- 
(Unthus romanus. 

operculAta 1. White . 6, H. BL P. t Italy . . 1596 
syrtaca . . Cm. bL 5, H. Bl. P. 1 Syria . . 1844 

Bell^ric. Sec Termindlia Bell&rica, 

Bell]6rica. See Termindlia BelUrica. 

Bell flower. See Campdnula. 

BellidiAstrum, Mickeli. From pellis and 
astrum, resembling a daisy. Linn. 19, Or. 

2, Nat. Or. Aster&ceoR. An ornamental species, 
succeeding in peat and loam, and increased by 
divisions. Synonyme : 1, Arnica Bellidi- 
dstrum. See Osmites Bellididstram. 

Mlchflu 1 . White . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Austria . 1570 
B^LLis, Linn. In allusion to the pretty flowers. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. Asterdcea. This 
comprehends the common daisy, the merits 
and the culture of which must be familiar to 
every one. Synonyme : 1, Eclipta integri' 
/dlia. 



BEL 



7.2 



BER 



ftucubaf&lia. White . 6, H. Her. P. 
tfnnua . . 
h^brida . 
X)6rdnni8 . 

fistuldfia 

hortdn5d8 

proUfera 



White . 6, H. A. i 8. Europe . 1759 

Wliite . 4, H. Her. P. i Italy . . 1824 
White . 6, H. Her. P. i Brit fields 
Red . 6, H. Her. P. i Brit gardens 
Red . 6, H. Her. P. } Brit gardens 
Brit, gardens 
Portugal . 1797 
Texas . . 1801 



6, H. Her. P. 
Striped 6, H. Her. P. 
White . 6, H, Her. P. 



integrifdiia 1 Wt pk. 7, H. 

Bell pepper. See Cdpsicwnu 

BiLLiUM, Linn. From bellis, daisy ; the flowers 
being similar to those of the daisy. Linn. 
19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asterdeeas, Pretty species, 
succeeding best in sandy peat, or peat and 
common soil mixed ; seeds or divisions, 
bollidioldes . White . 7, H. A. i Italy . 1796 

crassifblium . Wht.yel. 6, F. By. P. { Sardinia 1831 
intermMium . White . 8, H. Her. P. I 
zainlitum . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Levant 1773 

BELLfNiA. See Sardefia. 
BELLtJCiA. See BWcea. 
Bel6nia, Carmichael. From heltmej a needle ; 

in allnsion to the acicular filaments. Linn. 

24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. FucAcecB. Found on de- 

cajring marine Algce. — UmUosa. 
Belopbrone, Nees., Named in reference to the 

arrow-shaped connectivum ; from beloSf an 

arrow, and peron^ a band, or strap. Linn. 2, 

Or. 1, Nat. Or. AeajithAcece. A pretty species, 

easily cultivated, and multiplied by cuttings. 

oblong&ta . Ro. pur. . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Brazil . 1838 
BencAo de Dtos. See AbiUilon escuUntum. 
Benqal quince. See u^gle mAnnelos. 
BenincI&a, Savi. From Count Benincasa, an 

Italian nobleman. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat Or. 

CttcurbitiicedB. An uninteresting species, of the 



easiest culture. 

/era — cerifera 1. 
Benjamin tree. 
Benjamin tree. 
Ben nut trees. 



Synonymd : 1, Cuc&rbita eeri- 



See Ficus Benjamina, 
See Launu Bensdin, 
See Moringa, 
Ben oil tree. Se6 Moringa dptera. 
Bent-grass. See Agrdstis. 
BENTHiMiA, Lindl. In honour of George Ben- 
tham, once secretary of the London Horticid- 
tural Society. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat Or. Comdcece. 
A very handsomis genus, sufficiently hardy to 
bear our severest winters, if guarded from 
cold cutting winds, and unusually sharp frosts, 
by a mat. The flowers, which appear in pro- 
fusion during summer, are succeeded by an 
abundance of large, globular, reddish-yellow, 
eatable fruit, of an insipid though not un- 
pleasant taste. It succeeds best in common 
garden loam, and is easily increased by seeds 
or layers. The best situation for it is against 
a south wall, where it grows freely, and looks 
well. Synonyme: 1, Cdnvus grdndis. See 
also A^nsinckia. 

fraglfera , Ysh. red 8, H. Ev. 8. 8 E. Indies . 1825 
Jap<5nica 1 . Ysh. red 8, H. Ev. 8. S Japan . . 1847 

Benzoin. See Laiirus Benzdin. 

BerArdia, Villars. Named after Mr. Berard, 
a botanist of Grenoble. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. Asterdteie. Pretty species, of very easy 
culture. Synonymes: 1, Brilnia pakdcea; 2, 
B. phylieotdes ; 8, Arctium lanugindswn, Ono- 
pdrdum rotundifblium. 



pale&ceal . . White 7, G. Ev. 8. U C. G. H. 1791 
phyllcoldes 2 . White 7. G. Ev. 8. l} C. G. H. 1805 
subac&ulis 8 . Purple 7, H. Her. P. l{ Italy . 1791 
BerberidAcK£. B6rheri8 is the principal genus 
of this order, the species of which are all or- 
namentaL 
B]£rberis, Linn, From herberySf its name in 
Arabia. Linn^ 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Berberir 
ddcMR. This genus comprises the common 
barberry ; all the species are ornamental, and 
thrive in common garden soil, but prefer 
one rather light ; cuttings or layers takfe root 
freely in the open ground. The fruit makes 
an agreeable jelly, and, as a medicine, is con- 
sideiid an agreeable and grateful astringent 
acid. The bark of the root boiled is used in 
Poland to die yellow ; the colour is best when 
boiled in ley. Synonymes: 1, ehUria; 2, 
vulgdris ibirica ; 3, MaMnia nervosa, M. 
glumdcea ; iy airovireiis ; 6, glaiUxb ; 6, angu- 
Idsa; 7, acanthi/olia; 8, buxi/dlia, micro- 
phi/lla, inirmis. ' See Afahdnia. 
actindntha . Yellow 6, H. 8. 8 Chili . . . 1830 
arist&ta 1 . . Yellow 4, H. Ev. 8. 6 Nepal . . ISJO 
aslKtica . . Yellow 6, H. Ev. 8. 4 Nepal . . 1828 
aurahuac^nais Orange 5, F. £v. 8. 4 N. Grenada 1847 
biixifdlia . . Yellow 8, P. Ev. 8. 3 8tra.of Mag. 1827 
canadensis . Yellow 5, H. De. 8. 8 Canada . . 1759 
. Yellow 6, H. 8. 6 N. Amcr. . 1828 
. Yellow 6, H. 8.4 Nepal . .1841 
. Yellow 6, H. Ev. 8. 5 Himalaya . 
. Yellow 4, H. Ev. 8. 5 Nepal . .1845 
. Yellow 4, H. Do. 8. 4 Asia Minor 1829 
. Yellow 6, H. Do. 8. 6 Caudia . . 1759 
. Yellow 5, H. De. 8. 6 Candia . . 1759 
. Dk. or. 4, H. Ev. 8. 6 Chlloe . . 1847 
. Yellow 6, H. De. 8. 4 Dauria . . 1818 
. YoUow 5, H. Ev. 8. 8 Mexico . . 1833 
. Yellow 3, H. Ev. 8. 8 Magellan . 1830 
. Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 6 Mexico . . 1849 
. Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. S 8iberia . . 1790 
. Yellow 5, P. Ev. 8. S 8tra.of Mag. 1827 
. Yellow 6, H. De. 8. 10 Nepal . . 
. Yellow 7, H. Ev. 8. 4 Chma . 
. Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 4 Magellan 
. YeUow 5, H. Ev. 8. 5 Nepal . 
. YeUow 6, H. De. 8. 5 Iberia . 
Yellow 7, H. Ev. 8. 4 T. del Fiie. 




.1846 

.1805 

. 1848 

. 1818 

1791 

Yellow F. Ev. 8.2 Stra.of Mag. 1827 

Dk.yel. 5, F. Ev. 8. 4 Quito . . 1847 



Le6chonaUtii7 Yellow 4, H. Ev. 8. 4 Neilgheny 1845 



lox(5n8is 
Ittea . . 
L]^cium . 
mltis . . 
nervdsaS . 
pffllida . . 
parvifldra . 
provinciiflis 
rusdfblia . 
fdblrica 
sintosis . 
tenuif61ia . 
tinctdria . 
trifoUAta . 
triflirca 



Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 4 Peru . . ' . 1848 
YeUow 5, F. Ev, 8. 4 Peru . . .3847 
Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 5 Himalaya . 1850 



. YeUow 4, H. Ev. 8. 4 N. Amer. . 1834 

. YeUow 6, H. Ev. 8. 1^ N. Amer. . 1840 

. YeUow 4, G. Ev. 8. 8. Amor. . 1844 

. Yellow 6, H. Ev. 8. 3 8. Amer. . 1846 

. YoUow 6, H. De. 8. 8 France . . 1S21 

. YeUow 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 B. Ayres . 1828 

. YeUow 7, H. De. 8. 2 Siberia . .1790 

. YeUow 4, H. Do. 8. 4 China . . 1815 
H. Ev. 8. Vera Cruz . 1836 
. Yellow 6, H. E^. 8. 6 Neilgheny. 1843 

. YeUow 5, G. Ev. 8. 8 Mexico . . 1839 

. YeUow 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 China . . 1854 

umbellita 6 . YeUow 6, H. De. 8. 4 Nepal . .1842 

undulAta . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 6 Peru . . . 1847 

virgita . . . YeUow 6, H. Ev. 8. 4 Peru . . . 1836 
vtdffiLns . . YeUow 4, H. De. 8. 8 England.hcdges. 
tflba . . . YeUow 4, H. De. 8. 8 Engl, gardens, 
asp^rma . . YoUow 4, H. De. 8. 8 Europe. 
dOlcis . . . YoUow 5, H. Ev. 8. 8 Austria. 

tntermMia . YoUow 5, H. Ev. & 6 China . . 1854 
llitea . . . YeUow 5, H. De. 8. 8 Europe, 
nigra . . . YeUow 5, H. De. 8. 8 Europe, 
purpurea . YoUow 4, H. Do. 8. 8 Europe, 
violacea . . YeUow 4, H. De. 8. 8 

WaUichlJdia 4 YeUow 5, F. Ev. 8. 8 Nepal . . 1820 

Berberry • See Birberis. 



BER 



73 



BES 



BERC?HkMiA, Necker, In honour of M. Ber- 
cfaem, a French botanist Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Kat. Or. KhamnAeeaR, The species succeed in 
sandy loam and peat, and are interestinfi;. 
They increase either by cuttings or seeds. To 
the roots of B. voldbUis, antisyphilitic virtues 
arc ascribed. Synonymea : 1 , JUidmniis linedtus^ 
(Endplia linedUa ; 2, Khdmnua voliUnliSf 
(Endplia volUbilis, 

IbieUns 1 . Oreon . 6, O. Et. CL 8 China . 18'>4 
yollibilifl 2 . Green . 6, H.De.Tw. 10 Carolina 1714 

BERCKHlrrA, GrevilU. Dedicated to John Le- 
franc de Berckhey, a Dutch botanist. Liwn, 
19, Or. 8, Nat. Or. AsUrdLceoR. The species 
are ornamental, and succeed well in a mixture 
of loam and peat ; cuttings planted in com- 
mon soil, root readily under a glass. 
e€mua . . YeUow . 6, 8. B. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 

cuneita , . TeUow . tf, G. Ev. B. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
cynaroldes . Yellow . 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1780 
grandifldra . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
facina. . . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. B. 2 C. G. H. . 1739 
obovita . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. B. 2 C. G H. . 1794 
palmita . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. S C. G. H. . 1800 
pectinJlta . Yellow . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C G. H. . 1818 
apinoeiasinu. Yellow . 7, G. Her. P. 1^ C. G. H. . 1821 
uniflbra . . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. B. 2 C. G. H. . 1815 

Bercoch. See ArmenXaca vulgdris. 

Beroamot. See Citrus. 

Beroamot mint. See MhUha odordta^ 

Beroamint. SeeM6ntha cUrata, 

Bergenia. See Saxifraga. 

B^roera, Konig. In compliment to C. J. 
Berger, a botanist at Kiel. Linn. 10, Or 1, 
Nat. Or. AurantUUecR. Curious and interest- 
ing species, succeeding in sandy loam, and 
multiplied by layers or cuttings. The leaves 
of B. Konigii are stomachic and tonic, and an 
infusion of them toasted allays vomiting, 
integ^rrima . White . 6, B. Ev. 8. 4 W. Indies . 1823 
Konigii . . White . 6, S. Ev. 8. 8 K Didies . 1820 

BERGERferiA. See Clyp^la. 

B^ROIA, Linn, In honour of P. J. Bergius, 
M.D. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Elatindoece. 
This curious little species may be grown in 
sandy soil, and increased plentifully by seeds.. 
vcrticillita . White red . 6, H. A. i ifeypt . 1820 

BerinoIiria, Necker. From Beringer^ supposed 
to be a man's name. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. LamiAcecB. Ornamental species ; for cul- 
ture, &c., see MarrMum. Synonymes: 1, 
MarrHMum cuxtabulosum ; 2, Jf . africhnum ; 
8, M. cinireum; 4, M. crispum; 6, M. Mr- 
giUum; 6, M. hispdnicum ; 7, M. orientdle; 8, 
M. pseudo-dictdmnuia. 

acetabulbsa 1 Purple . 7, F. Ev. 8. 1 Cfindia . 1676 
africAna 2 . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1710 
cin^reaS . . Pa.purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1S23 
criBpa 4 . . Pa.purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1 8. Europe. 1714 
hirtiiti 6 . . Pa.purp. 6, H. Her. P. 1 
hiaptfnica 6 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . , . 1714 
orient&liB 7 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 8. Europe. 18Jl 

^i^s} ^"'Pi^ • ^' ^' ^' ^' 1 ^*^- • ^^^ 
BERKELfeYA, OreviUe. In honour of the Bev. 

Mr. Berkeley, an English cryptogamist. Linn. 

24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. LicUomdcecB, A very 

small, interesting marine production— /rtf^ita. 
Bermuda cedar. See Juniperua bermudidna. 
BernhjLrdia. See PaUdtum, 



B^RRTA, Box. In memory of Dr. Berry, who 
first introduced it into Calcutta. Linn. 13, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tilidcece. An ornamental tree, 
succeeding well in rich loam and peat mixed ; 
cuttings planted in sandy soil root well under 
a glass. B. a/momUla furnishes the fine light 
timber employed in making the Massoola 
boats of Madras, and called Trincomalee. See 
Tetranthira. 
amomflla . YeL gr. . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 R Ind. . 1800 

Berrt-bearino alder. See R/Utmnus Frdn- 
gula. 

Berries, juniper. See Juniperus. 

B£RT£r6a, Dec. Named in compliment to C. .T. 
Bertero, an esteemed friend of De CandoUe's. 
<Linn. 15, Nat. Or. BrassicAcece. The species 
are omamen£al, and of easy cultivation ; sandy 
soil suits them, and young plants are obtained 
either from seeds or cutting. Synonymes: 1, 
FarsUia incdna ; 2, FarsUia mutdbilis. 
inc&iia 1 . . White . 7, H. B. 1^ Europe . 1040 

mut<tbiliB 2 . Wht pk. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1802 
obllqua . . White . 7, P. Ev. 8. 1 Sicily . . 1823 

Bbrtholl^tia, Humb. and Bonp. In memory 
of L. C. BerthoUet, a meritorious chemist. 
Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat Or. Leeythiddcece. This 
tall ornamental tree yields the nuts known in 
shops imder the name of Brazilian nuts. It 
succeeds in sand, peat, and loam, and may }>e 
increased by cuttings in sand, or in a sandy 
soil. 
exc^Iaa . . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 100 Para 

Bertol6nia, Baddi. Named in honour of Ant 
Bertoloni, an Italian botanical author. Linn, 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. MelastomhceoB. Only one 
species of this genus is introduced — the ma- 
culdta, a pretty little creeper ; it grows in 
light soil, IS increased by cuttings, and should 
be well supplied with water when in growth. 
See Lasiorhlzaj Lippia^ and TovomUa. 
macul&ta . . Rose . 6, 8. Ev. Gr. i Brasil . 1848 

BfiRtLA. See Slum. 

Berz^lia, Brongniart. Dedicated to the cele- 
brated chemist Berzelius. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. BrunidcecB. These pretty species delight 
in a mixture of rather sandy peat and loam. 
Cuttings take readily in sand, under a glass. 
Synonymes: 1, BtHnia abroianoides ; 2, B. la- 
nuginbsa. 

abrotanoldos 1 White . 6, G. Ev. 8. U C. G. H. . 1787 
lanugindaa 2 . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. l} C. G. H. . 1774 

B^SHAK. See BahamodSndrmi opobdlsamum. 

Beschorn^ria, Kth, Named in honour of H. 
Beschorner, a German botanist. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat Or. BrcmelidceoR. The cultivation of 
these plants is simple and easy, being the 
same as that given for Agdvc and Fourcrhya^ 
increase is by suckers. They are well deserv- 
ing of cultivation. Synonyme : 1, Fourcrbya 
tubiflbra. 

tubiflbra 1 . . Gr. pur. 5, G. Ev. P. 4 Mexico . 1845 
yuccoldes . . Gr. red. 6. G. Ev. P. 6 Mexico . 1845 

Besl^ria, Linn. Named in memory of Basil 
Besler, an apothecary at Nuremberg. Linn. 
14, Or, 2, Nat Or. OemeracecB, A pretty and 
interesting genus, delighting in very light rich 
soil. Cuttings strike frAely by merely sticking 



BES 



74 



BET 



them, without protection, in the tan bed. 
Synonymes : 1, B. bicolor ; 2, Pranciscea 
cahjcXnaf F, conferlifdlia. See AllopUclus, 
CampdniOf Qirysdthemis, Colldndra, Dry- 
mdniaf and Frdnciscea. 

ooccfnoa . . Yellow. 7, S. Ev. S. 8 Ouiana . 1819 
ciiaUta . . Yellow 8, B. Ev. CL 8 W. Ind. . 1739 
dlchroua 1 . Red yL 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Bronl. . 1826 
grandifMla . Yellow 8, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Brazil . . 1828 
hirt^llu . . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. & 8 Brudl. . 1824 
incarn&ta . . Yellow 6, S. Her. P. 8 Guiana . 1820 
inod5ra 2 . . Violet 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1^ BrazU . . 
lUtca. . . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. & 8 Guiana . 1739 
melittifdlia . Orange 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Guiana . 1739 
in611i8 . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Amer. . 1828 
pulch^lla . . Yellow 8, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Trinidad . 180e 
serrul&U . . Pur.yel. 6, 8. Ev. CL 6 W. Ind. . 1806 
vioULoea . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. CL 6 Guiana . 1824 

Besoms are often made of the common Liftg 
{Erica vulgdris)^ and for some purposes' are 
better than those made from birch twigs. 

B^ERA, Skhultz, Named in honour of Dr. 
Besser, professor of botany at Brody, and 
author ot an Enumeration of the Plants of 
Volhynia, Podolia, &c. Lmn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. LUiUcece, These plants require to be 
grown in a mixture of peat and sand, to be 
liberally supplied with water, and kept dry 
and cool when the leaves wither and fall ofl', 
until next season. They are propagated by 
offsets. Synonyms: Pharium JisltUdsum, See 
also Pulmondria. 

dlegana . . . 8carlot 9, G. Bl. P. 1 Mexico . .1850 
Horbdrti . . Tnr.vrt.9, O. BL P. 1 Mexico. . 1846 
minmta. . . Scr. wt9, a BL P. 1 Mexico. . 1849 

BfeTA, Linn, From the Celtic beU, signifying 
red ; alluding to the red colour of the roots. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Chenopodiacece. The 
beet-root is the tyjie of this genus, the uses 
of which are well known ; the species succeed 
well in common garden soil, treated as other 
culinary roots. B, pdlula does best kept in 
the ^enhouse. B. dcla is used as spinach ; 
and in Germany and Switzerland the midrib of 
the leaf is boiled, and eaten with gravy or 
melted butter. 

.8, H. B. 6 Portugal. 1670 

, H. B. 6 8. Europe 1800 

. 8, H. B. 6 Caucasus 1820 

. 8, H. B. 1 Brit sea coasts 

. 7, H. Her. P. 4 Hungary. 1796 
. 8, H. B. 4 Europe . 1648 

. 8. H. B. 4 8. Europe 

. 8, H. B. 4 8. Europe 

. 8, H. B. 4 & Europe 



. Green . 
. Green , 
. Green . 
. Green . 
. White . 
. Green , 
. Green , 
. Green , 
. Green . 



An order of plants merged in Che- 



cfcla . 

cilspa 

macrorblza 

marltima 

trig^a . 

vulg&rls 

mtea . 

rtibra. 

vlridis 
pdtula, 

BetAcrje. 
nopodidcece. 

BfaTA-cfcLA. See B^. 

B^CKIA, Le CandolU. In honour of M. Betcke, 
who has described many species of Valeria- 
fUlla. Lmn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. ValerianAcecB. 
The seeds only require to le sown in the open 
ground in May, in a sheltered situation, 
mjtjor . . . Rose . 8, H. A. 1^ California 1836 
samoliftUa . Rose . 7, H. A. 1 ChiU . . 1885 

Betel nut. See Piper Betle, 
Betle nut. See Piper Belle, 
BsrdNiCA, Linn. From beutonic, its Celtic 

name. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidcece. 

These handsome dwarf species are well adapted 



for ornamenting the margins of flower-borders, 
or rock- work. They grow in any common soil, 
and increase plentifully from suckers. B. offi.- 
cindlis when fresh intoxicates, and the dried 
leaves excite sneezing. 

olopeclirus . Red. . 7, H. Her. P. li 8. Eur. . 1759 
gTHndiflbra . Purp. . 6, U. Her. P. l} Siberia . 1800 
hlrsUU . . Purp. . 6, H. Her. P. £ Italy . .1710 
inc&na . . . Flesh . 6, H. Her. P. | Italy . . 1759 
macrotua . . Pared; 7, H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1820 
nfvea . . . Red . 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Caucasas 1820 
officin&lls . . Purp. . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Brit, woods 
tflba . . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Brit woods 
orient4Ua . . Lt. pur. 6, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1787 
stricta . . . Purp. . 6, H. Her. P. 1^ Dnmrk. . 1592 
senStina . . Red . 8, H. Her. P. 1| Austria . 18S2 

Betont. See Bctdnica. 

Betont. See TeUcrium bel^nicum.. 

B^tula, Linn. From betu^ its Celtic name. 
Linn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Betuldceoi. Tliis is 
a popular genus, and best known by its com- 
mon name, the birch. The species are for the 
most part lofty-growing trees, and very orna- 
mental. B. p^dula has a graceful and pleas- 
ing growth ; the species pUmila and ndna are 
dwarfer-growing kinds, but very pretty and in- 
teresting. They thrive in any soil, and are 
commonly increased by grafting or budding on 
the larger and more plentiful kinds, the latter 
being raised from seed ; the dwarfest species 
are best when produced from layers. Syno- 
nymes : 1. A Inus viridis ; 2, BHula urticifbiia ; 
3, B. lacinidta; 4, B. p&ndula. 
flba .... Apetal . 4, H. De T. 40 Brit, woods 
dalec&rUca . Apotal . 6. H. De T. 40 Europe . 

'^Slti"^ {Apetal . 6, H. De T. 80 

macroG&rpa. Apotal . 6, H. De T. 40 Europe . 

I>6ntica . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 60 Turkey . 

puMscens . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 40 Gcrmny. . 1812 

urticif61U 2. Apetal . 6, H. De T. 40 

verrucdsa . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 60 Brit, woods 
Bhojpdttra . Apetal . 6, H. Do T. 40 Himalays 1840 
carpinifdlla . Apetal . 7, H. Ev.8. 50 N. Amer. . 1759 
datiriea . . . Apetal . 7, H. Do T. 25 Siberia . 1785 

parrlfdlia . Apetal . 7, H. De T. 25 Siberia . 
exc^sa . . . Apetal . 7, H. De T. 60 N. Amer. . 1767 
frutio6sa . . Apetal . 6, H. De 8. 6 Siberia . 1818 
glandul^sa. . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 25 N. Amor. . 1816 
gr^dis . . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 50 N. Amer. . 1834 
Tanuldsa . . Apetal . 7, H. De T. 60 N. Amer. . 1817 
Wnta. . . . Apetal . 7, H. De T, 50 N. Amer. . 1769 
Ititea. . . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 25 N. Amer. . 
m611is . . . Apetal . 5, H. Do T. E. Ind. . 1840 
nAna .... Apetal . 5, H. De 8. 6 N. Amer. . 

macroph:^Ua Apetal . 6, H. De 8. 6 SwitzerL. 1819 

stricta . . Apetal . 6, H. De 8. Siber^ . 
nigra . . . Apetal . 7, H. De T. 60 N. Amer. . 1736 
ovata 1 . . . Apetal . 6, H. De 8. 6 Hungary. 1820 
palldacens . . Apetal . 6, H. De S. 6 
papyrftoea . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 40 N. Amer. . 1750 

f Oflca . . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 40 Carolina . 

platypb^Ua. Apetal . 6, H. De T. 50 Carolina . 

tricbociada. Apetal . 6, H. De T. 25 Carolina . 
p^ndula . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 40 Brit woods 
p6ntica . . . Apetal . 5, H. De 8. 10 Turkey . 
populif61ia . Apetal . 7, H. Ev.T. 30 N. Amer. . 1750 

laciniilta 3 . Apotal . 7, H. De T. 25 

p^ndula 4 . Apetal . 7, H. De T. 25 
ptib^Bcens . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 25 Germny. . 1812 
pbmila . . . Apetal . 5, H. De 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1762 
rtibra . . . Apetal . 7, H. De T. 60 Canada . 
Hcdpolii. . . Apetal . H. De 8. 10 
tristis . . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 12 Kamtsch. 

BETULAcEiE. A small order of well known trees, 
consisting of the various kinds of Birch and 
Alder. 

Betulaster. See BUtila, 



BET 



75 



Bia 



Betuline. Birch Camphor, a peculiar resinous 

substance, principally furnished by the black 

birch tree. 
BfiTULUS. See Cdrpinus Bitultis. 
BhojpIttra or BhoorjapIttra. See BUulu 

BhqjpdUra. 
Bho6bja. See Biiula Bhojp&ttra. 
BialJLta, two-i^ingeii. 
Bhabhur. See Eri&phorum comdsum. 
BiArum, Smith. From Ws, twice, and aron, the 

Arum. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat Or. ArdeeoR. 

Hardy border flowere, gi*owing in common 

garden soil, and propagated by division. Sy- 

nonyme : 1, Arum gramlneum. 

gramiooum 1 . Purple . 4, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. 18S4 
tenuifdlium . Dk.pur. . 4, H. Her. P. 1 B. Eur. 1670 

Bhadlee. See Pdnicum pilosujn. 

BibIri. See Neeldndra Rodidsi, 

BlcEPS, having two heads. 

Bic6rnis, two-homed. 

Bh>£KS, so called from Us^ twice, and dens, a 
tooth ; alluding to the seed. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Mat. Or. AsUrdce<B. These species are mostly 
nninteresting ; a few however are worth cultivat- 
ing. They grow readily in common soil, and 
increase from seeds, suckers, or divisions, ac- 
cording to their habits and duration. Byno- 
nyines: 1, Core6psis corondia ; 2, B. odordta; 
8, B. tripartita. See Melanth^a, Osteospir- 
mum, Petrtbium, and Sdlm^a. 



argUta . . 


. Yellow 6, H. Her. 


Berteri^al 


Yellow 6, 8. Her. 


bipitm^ta . 


Yellow 7, H. 


oorouiU . 


Yellow 8, H. 


crithmifdlta 


Yellow 6, G. Her. 


cynat>if61ia 
grandiflbra 2 
heteroph^lla 


. Yellow 0. 


.Yellow 6, H. 


. Yellow 8, G. Her. 


leuc^tha . 


. Whit© 7, H. 


macrocsp^rma 


.Yellow 6, H. 


odor&ta. . 


. White 6, H. 


procfera . . 


.Yellow 11, H. Her. 




. Yellow 7, H. De 


sambuclfEOia 


. YeUow 7, H. Her. 


serruULta . 


8,H. 



P. 2 Mexico . 
P. 2| Pit. Rico 
A. 2 N.Amer. 



B. 2 
P. 2 
A. 1 
A. 2 
P. 2 



Mexico . 

Cuba . 

8. Amor. 

Mexico . 
A. 1|S. Amer. 
A. 1 Siberia . 

Mexico . 

Mexico . 

Nepal . 

S. Amer. 



A. 
P. a 
Or. 2 
P. 1 
B. li 



1825 
1787 
1687 
1829 
1824 
1827 
1800 



1819 
1825 
1822 
1819 
1801 
1829 



angusti/blia, hulldta^ c6mua, ekiiitnsis, conndta, 
chrysdntha, chrymnihemoides, feruloe/dlia, fo- 
lidsa, fronddaOf Jieliantho^dea, hirtilla, luxH- 
rians, nudiJldrOy parviflbray pil<!^sa, proc^mbens, 
refi6xa, stridla, tripartita, 

Bi DENTATE, having twin, or a double row of 
teeth. 

BlDwfLLiA, Herbert. Linn. C, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
LilidcecB. For culture, &c., refer to LUium. 
Synonyma: 1, AntfUricum gtaiunim. 
glauc^scoxiB . White . 6, H. Bl. P. 1 Auntralia 184S 
glaticus 1 . . White . 8, H. BL P. 2 Peru . . 

BiEBERSTEhfiA, De CandoUe, In honour of 
Marschrtll Von Bieberstein, a celebrated writer 
on the Russian Flora. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat* 
Or. ButdcecB, For culture refer to Zygo- 
phpUum, 
od6ra . . . YeUow . 5, F. Her. P. 1 Altaia . 1837 

Biennial, of the continuance of two years. A 
plant is said to be biennial which takes two 
years to mature its fruit, and then dies. 

BiFARious, disposed in two rows. 

Bifid, opening with a cleft nearly divided in 
two. 



BfFORls, Sprffngel. The name is compounded from 
Wj, double, or two, and /orw, a nap ; in refer- 
ence to the shape of the fruit. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. ApidcecB. Uninteresting species, of 
the simplest culture. Synonymes: 1, Coridn' 
drum testiculdtum ; 2, C. teaticuldUum — rddians 
1, testiculktum 2. 

BifrenAria, Lindley. So named from bis, 
twice, and frsenum ; in allusion to the double 
strap or frsenum that connects the pollen 
masses with their gland. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchiddcece. A genus of very pretty 
plants when in bloom, especially B. auran- 
tXaca, the flowers of whicn are deep orange 
yellow, mottled with dark brown spots. For 
culture and propagation see Maxilldria, to 
which the genus is near akin. Synonymes: 1, 
Maxilldria atropurpdrea ; 2, Maxilldria awreo- 
f&lva; 3, M. racemibsa ; 4 M. vitelllna, bar- 
bdta. See also Steiwc6ryne. 

atropurptirea 1 Drk. pur. 5, B. Epi. 1 Rio Jan. . 18S8 
auraiitlaca . . Or. spot. . 9, S. Epi J Bemerara 1884 
ailreo-miva 2 . Orange . 7, S. EpL 1 Rio Jan. . 1848 
HardwAiU . Yel.gr. w. 5, S. EpL 1 Bnuril. .1861 
inoddra. . . Bmsh.gr. 4, S. Epi. Ij^ Rio Jan. . 1839 
longio6rDis . Or. bra. . 7, 8. EpL ] Demerara 1830 
racembaa 3 . Pa. straw 7, B. EpL 1 Rio Jan. . 1843 
yitelllna4 . . YeUow . 7, 8. EpL 1 Rio Jan. . 1843 

BiFRdNS, two-faced. 

Biqel6via, Spr. Named in honour of Professor 
Bigelow, of N. America ; for species refer to 
Spermacdce. See Borrbria. 

BiGJ^MiNATE, twin, each division bearing a pair 
of leaflets. 

BigiAndular, having two or double glands. 

BiGLtrMis, haNdng two husks, or chaffy scales. 

Bign6nia, Linn, In memory of Abbe Bignon, 
librarian to Louis XIV. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Bignonidcece. The species are trees or 
shrubs, inhabitants of hot climates. The 
leaves are opposite, pinnate, teruate, or con- 
jugate ; the flowers in panicles, large and hand- 
some, of various colours, red, blue, yellow, or 
white, and eminently beautiful. The stove 
sorts grow freely in loam and peat, and young 
cuttings root in sand under a hand-glass. The 
species grow in any soil, but will not flower 
well unless the situation be warm ; they are 
increased by cuttings of the roots, by layers, 
or by young cuttings in a gentle heat, under a 
hand-glass or frame. B. rddicans is a well- 
known much-admired species, capable of living 
in the open air in this country against a wall. 
The young shoots of B. chirire are sometimes 
manufactured into wicker-work. Synonymes: 
1, Jacardnda dlba; 2, B, heterophplla ; 8, 
Jacardnda echindta; 4, Umumtosa; 5, Milling- 
tdnia hortinsis ; 6, IncarvUlea tomenthsa. See 
Adenocalpmma, ^schindnthw, Amphilbbium, 
Cheildpsis, Oelshmium, Jacardnda, PavJ&vnia, 
Phylldrlhron, Spathddea, and Tecdma. 



adenophf Ua. 4, S. Ev. T. E. Ind. . 

tflba 1 . . . White 6» S. Ev. CL Guiana . 

alllAcea . . Yellow 6 8. Bv. CL 10 W. Ind. . 

amdbiia . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. T. R Ind. . 

apur^nsiB . YeUow 0, 8. Ev. CL 10 Orinoco . 

**JJjJ*^**; j- Yellow «, B. Ev. CL 80 Guiana . 

laaculifldra . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. T. SO Mexico 

auatrUis . . YeUow 9, & Ev. CL 20 



1832 
182S 
1790 
,1828 
,1824 

,1708 



BIG 



BIO 



cdndicans . 
caprcoUta . 

diba . . 
CarollnaB . . 
Chamber- ) 

lAymi . I 
Chlca . . . 
chlrtre 2 . . 
chi7B<(ntlia . 
chrysolctica . 
a^matis . . 
cren&ta . . 
crucfgora. . 
decfpienfl . 
diver8if6Iia . 
ecbin&ta, 3 . 
elong&ta . . 
floribf&nda . 
fluTiiillLi . 
gr&cilifl . . 
grandifblia . 
Uicaru&ta. . 
indica . . . 
lasimiuifdlia 
Jasiminoldes. 
lactifldra . . 
Iatif61ia . . 
lnurif6Ua. . 
Leuo6xylon . 
littor&lia . . 
Ibclda. . . 
xnef)nAntba . 
in611i8. 4 . . 
molKsninm . 
xniUKfida. . 
p<aiida . . 
pfcta . . . 
pubdsccna . 
piiri^tirea . . 
quadran- ) 

rigescens . . 

RolIiBsbnU . 

0aUcif61ia. . 

Berratif6lia . 

pemil&ta . . 

spocUbilis . 

Bpic&ta . . 

etamfnea . . 

Buber5sa, 6 . 

specidsa . . 

Twcedi&na . 

tomcntbita, 6 

triph^lla . . 

ttiUpffera. . 

dngiiis . . 
TarkEbilia 

veufista . . 

viridifldra . 



Scarlet 0, 
White «, 
Cream 6, 

YeUow 8, 

8, 



6, 8. Ev. S. Madacraa. . 1323 

6, a Ev. CL 10 Cayenne . 1820 

H. De. CI 20 N Amer. . 1710 

H. De. CL 20 N. Amer. , 

O. Ev. CL 10 Carolina . 



Red or. 
Yellow 
Y. wht 



Y. scar. 



Purple 

Purple 

Wbite 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Pur.rd. 

Wt or. 

purple 

White 

Purple 

White 

Yellow 

Pink 
Plcred 

Pink 



Wbite 
Varieg. 
YeUow 
Purple 



Pink .6, 
YeUow 6, 
Yellow «, 
YeUow 7, 



Purple 



YeUow 
White 
Pink 
YeUow 6, 

Wbite fl, 
Scarlet 8. 
YeUow 6, 
Y. wht «, 
Orange 9, 
Green 



S. Ev. CI. 85 BrasU 



.1820 



S.EV. 
8. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S.EV. 
B. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S.EV. 
S. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
G.Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 



CL 10 Orinoco . 

CL 10 Ouiana . 

T. 10 Otiinna . 

CL 10 8. Amer. 

CL 12 Caraccaa 

CL 10 E. Ind. . 

CI. 20 8. Amer. 

CL 10 E. Ind. . 

CI. 10 Mexico . 

CL 20 Guiana . 

CL 6 8. Amer. 

CL 10 Caraccaa 

8. 4 Guiana . 

CL 80 8. Amer. 

CI. 40 CaraccM 

a. 4 Guian* . 

T. SO India. . 

CL 10 Orinoco . 

CL 89 Moreton B. 1880 

CL 20 Santa Cruc 1823 

CL 10 Cayenne . 1823 

CL 20 Guiana . 

T. 10 W. Ind. . 

CL 10 Mexico . 

CL 10 E. Ind. . 

a. 20 N. HoU. 

CL 10 Guiana . 

CI. 10 Caraccas 

CL 10 E. Ind, . 

CL 12 W. Ind. . 

CL 8 8. Amer. 

CL 16 Campeachy 1769 

8. 6 8. Amer. . 1822 



1819 
1824 
1828 
1824 
1820 
1823 
1769 
1823 
18*26 
1804 
1820 
1810 
1824 
1810 
1816 
1820 
1775 
1826 



1804 
1769 
1824 
1823 

1818 
1820 
1823 
1828 
1823 



8. Ev. CL 8 E. Ind. , 



8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
S. Ev, 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
G, De. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 



CI. 15 Caraccaa 
CL 10 

CL 10 Trinidad 
T. 20 W. Ind.. 
8. E. Ind. . 
CL 8 W. Ind. . 
CI. 10 Trinidad 
CI. 10 Hispani. 
T. 36 E. Ind. . 
CL 10 Uruguay 
CL 10 Buenos A. 
T. 10 Japan . 
8. 6 8. Amer. 
8. 6 Niger . 
CI. 10 Caraccas 
a. 10 W. Ind. . 
CL 3 8. Amer. 
CL 10 8. Amer. 



. 1823 
.1823 

. 1924 
. 1822 
.1832 
. 1820 
. 1822 
. 1825 
. 1820 
. 1838 
.1838 
. 1820 
. 1733 
.1851 
.1759 
. 1819 
. 1816 
. 1823 



BiGNONiAcE^. The tropics of either hemi- 
sphere are the chief station of this noble- 
looking order, whose trumpet-shaped flowers 
are the glory of the places which the species 
inhabit. The great beauty and large size and 
gay colours of the flowers are amongst the 
most striking objects in a tropical forest, 

BIhai. See Nelicdnia Bthai and PsiUac^rum, 

BiJtons, yoked together, coupled. 

BilAbiatb, having two lips. 

Bilberry. See Vcuxinium myrtillus, 

BiLOBED, divided so as to form two lobes. 

BiLiMBi TREK. See Av^?ioa Bilimbi, 

BlLLARDikRA, Smith, In honour of Julien La- 
billardifere, a French botanist and traveller. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. PiUospordcecc. Hand- 
some climbers, especially B. longifldra, which 
is an abundant flowerer, and produces a hand- 
some blue berry. Good rich open loam mixed 
with peat suits them well, and cuttings root in 



sand, under a glass ; they may also be raised 
from seed. See Sdllya and Prondtya. 
angtistifdUa . Cream . 7, G. Ev. CL 10 N. HoU. . 1820 
daphnoldes . Y. iwirp. 6. G. Ev. a 10 N. S. W. . 1840 
fusifdrmls . Blue . . 6, G. Ev. CL 8 V. D. L. . 18-28 
longifldra. . Crimson 7, G. Ev. CL 20 V. D. L. . 1810 
muWbilis. . Crimson 8, G. Ev. CL 6 N. 8. W. . 1795 
oviLUf . . . Gm yeL 6, G. Ev. Tu.l5 V. D. L. . 1833 
parv:fl6ra . Blue. . 7, G. Ev. CL 10 N HoU. . 1825 
sc^dens . . Purp. . 8, G, Ev. CL 10 N. 8. W. . 1790 

BlLLB^RGlA, Thunherg. Named after J. G. 
Billberg, a Swedish botani.st. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. BramelidcecB. The species are hand- 
some, especially when well cultivated, the 
flowers are very showy, and in some species 
they are produced in abundance ; for culture, 
Ac, see BromUia. Synonymes: 1, Tilldndsia 
amitnay BronUlia pdllida ; 2, B. melandnllia ; 
8, B. iridijldra; 4, B. nudicaiUis ; 6, B. jiyra- 
middlis; 6, B. zcbrina. 



Albicans . . 
amdma, 1 . 
blcolor . . 
blfr6na . . 
bivitt&ta. . 
clav&ta, 8 . 
omenta . . 
fasciiita . . 
iridifblia, 8 . 
liboniilna 
macroc&lyx 
moreli&na . 
nudicabUs, 4 
jwlyBWcbya 
purpbrca 



.White , 
Yellow . 



8, 8. Epi. 1 
6, 8. EpL 2 



BrazU . , 
8. Amer. . 



1817 
1820 



. Ro. blue 6, 8. Epi 1 Rio Jan. 

. Red . . 5, S. EpL 1 Brazil . 

. Wbite . 6, 8. B^i U 8. Amer. . 1S60 

. Bhie. . 2, 8. EpL l| Trinidad . 1824 

. Blue rod 8, 8. EpL 1 Rio Jan. . 1824 

. Blue red 8, 8. Epi. 1^ Rio Jan. . 1825 

. Sea. yeL 8, 8. EpL 1 Rio Jan. . 1825 

. Purple . 6, 8. Epi. 1 Rio Jan. . 1856 

. Blue gr. 6, 8. EpL IJ Babia . . 1858 

. Pur. cr. 5, 8. Epi. 2 Bnuil . . 1848 

. Crimson 5, 8. Epi. 2 Trinidad . 1822 

Pur. sea. 6, 8. Epi. 1^ Brazil . .1850 



tbyrsoldea , 
Wetber^Ui . 
zeb*ina, 6 . 



. 18:U 
. 1817 
. 1854 
. 1850 
. 1854 



[. Ul 

Ro. pur. 10, 8. Epi. 1^ Brazil . 
pyramidAll8,6. Crimson 2, 8. EpL 2 Rio Jan. 
rh6do-cy&noa . Blue red 8, 8. Epi. 1 Brazil . 

Crimson 11, 8. Epi. 2 BrazU . 

Red blue 8, 8. EpL 1 Babia . 

Red . . 6, 8. EpL 1 & Amor. . 1826 

Billi6tia. See Billdtia. 

Bill6tia, /. F. Colladon. After M. Teophila 
Billoti, of Turin. Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. CinckonaccoB. Interesting and ornamental 
evergreens of easy culture. Synonymes: 1, 
Leptospirmum margindlum ; 2, L. Jlcxiibsum, 
Mttroslderos JUxubsa ; S, L. theceformis, hy- 
perici/bliumf Agdnis tfucefiirmis. 

acer^sa . . Red . 8, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. Holland . 1816 
margin&tal . White. 6, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. Holland . 1820 
flexubea 2 . Wbite. 6. G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoUand . 18'23 
thetefbrmls 3 Wbite . 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 K. G. Sound. . 1828 

Binate, two growing together. 

Bindweed. See Convolvulus. 

Bindweed. See SmXlax dspera. 

Bi6phttdm, Decan. So called from UoSy life, 
and phytonj a plant ; in allusion to the irrita- 
bility of the leaves and pods, which latter 
open when touched. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
OxaliddeecR. A very prettv, and when grown 
as in China nine incnes Kigh, a remarkable 
annual ; the leaves are prettily pinnated, 
which with the rich yellow nowers, have an in- 
teresting appearance. Cultivated in common 
soil, and raised plentifully from seeds. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Oxdlis sensitiva. 
sensitlvum 1 . ToUow . 7, H. A. ^ China . . 1823 

Bi5ta, Don. Named after M. Biot, a celebrated 
French astronomer. Linn. 21, Or. 8, Nat. 
Or. Pinacetz. Evergreen shrubs, resembling 
Cupr6ssus, and requiring similar treatment. 
Synonymes : 1, Cuprissus pcTicMi, C. pdiulct, 



BIO 



77 



BLA 



TMja pdiidula, C. JUifbnnis ; 2, ThUja nepcU- 
insisy T. tartdricaj T. orientdlis. 

falc&ta. . , Apot. 5, H. Ev. 8. 10 Japan . . . 1860 

frcneloldoa . Apot 4, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . . . 1860 

fflatica . . . Apct 6, H. Ev. 8. 10 Japan . . . i860 

jap6nica . . Apot. 6, H. Ev. S. 10 Ja)iao . . . i860 

meld^nsis . Apct. 6, H. Ev. S. 10 Uybrid . garduns 

oiientidls. . Apet 4, H. Ev. 8. 20 Japan . . . 1860 

pfindula 1 . Apct. 5, H. Ev. 8. 10 Tartary. . . 1800 

tartdrica 3 . Apot 6, II. Ev. 8. 20 Tartary. . . 1830 

BibvDLATE, containing two ova, or young 
seeds ; scuds before they ore mature are called 
ova. 

Birch. See Bitida. 

Birch. See Cdrpinus BHulus, 

Birch camphor. A resinous substance, pro- 
cured from the black birch tree {Biiula nl^a). 

BiRCHWORTS. See Bctulaccac, 

BiRDGHERRT. See C^rosus pddus. 

BiRD-PEPPER. See Cdpsiatm baccdUvm. 

Bird's-bill. See Trigonilla omUhopudididM. 

Bird's-eye. See Primula fariiUtsa. 

Bird's-foot. See Orntihopus. 

Bird's-FOOT. See Buphirbia omtthopus. 

Bird's-foot trefoil. See Lhius. 

BiRD-LiME. A preparation made from misletoe 
l>€rries and holly bark. 

Bird's nests (eatiible). See GcHdium, 

Bird's nest. See AspUnium Nidus, 

Bird'S-Tungue. See OrnitJvoglOsaum, 

Bi RTH WORT. See A ristolhch ia. 

Bisaccate, having two little bags, or pouches. 

BiscULCATE, doubly furrowed. 

BiscuTATE, resembling two bucklers. 

BiscoT^LLA, Linn. Named from Ws, doable, or 
two, and seulella, a saucer ; the form of the 
seed -vessel when bursting. Linn. 15, Nat. Or. 
BrassicaccoB. Interesting plants, adapted for 
rock -work ; they may also be grown in pots 
with other alpine plants, in loam and peat, 
which suits them well ; increased from seeds. 
Synonyme: 1, coroTwpifblia. See Megacar- 

ambfgim . . Yellow 6, H. Hor. P. \ 8. Italy . 1820 
tfpula . . . YoUow 7, H. A. I Italy . . 1710 

auriculilta . Yellow 7, H. A. 1^ 8. Europe . 1683 

dcboriir?>lIa . Yellow 6, H. Her. A. 1 Pyrenees . 1819 
cililital . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 8. France. 1820 

Colfimiuo . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 8. Italy . 1823 

ooronopifdlia Yellow 6, H. Hor. P. h Italy . . 1T90 
dcpr&ua . . YoUow 6, H. A. { Egypt . . 1811 

erigorifdlirt . Yellow 6, H. A. 1* 8. Europe, 

critjcarpa • • Yellow 6, H. A. 1 8pain . . 1820 

hifipMa . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1^ 8. Europe. 18*24 

Lwvijrita . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 1777 
alp6jtrl« . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 HunRary . 1816 
leioc&rpa . . Yellow 6, H. A. Levant . 1816 

lyruta . . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 8pain . . 1799 

marltlina . . Yellow 6, H. A. IJ Naples . . 1824 

micio&rpa . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 8. Europe. 1818 

montaua . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 18-J3 
olxivAta . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Europe . 1817 

raphanifblia . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. li Sicily . . 182i' 
saxdtilis . . Yellow 6, H. Hor. P. I 8. Europe. 1821 
sempervlrcns Yellow 6, H. Her. P. i Spain . . 1784 
stenoph^Ua . Yellow 6^ H. Hor. F. 1 Spain . . 1826 

lonffi/dlia. 

BiBERRATE, twice cut, like the teeth of a saw. 

Bis^RRULA, Xiwn. Derived from bis, twice, 
and aemdaf a small saw ; the pods being fur- 
nished with teeth something like a saw. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat Or. PalMicece. This genus is 
known by the name of Hatchet Vetch, and 



comprehends an interesting species, which may 
be cultivated in sandy loam or peat, and in- 
creased from seeds. 
Polodnus . Purple . 7, H. A. 1 8. Europe 1040 

BiSH or BiKH. A powerful Indian poison, ex- 
tracted from a species of AconUum. 

BiSHOP's-WEED. See Ammi mdtjua and Sison 
Ammi. 

Bistort or Snakeweed. See Polpgonum Bis- 
toria. 

BiTERNATE, divided into two, thrice over. 

BiticAria. See Terminddia Biticdria. 

Bitter Almond. See Ampgdalua communis 
amdra. 

Bitter apple. See CHicumis Colocpnthis, 

Bitter blain. See VandAllia diffUksa. 

Bitter damson tree or Slave wood. Seo 
Simarikba offidndlis. 

Bitter oak. See Quircus Orris. 

Bitter sweet. See Splanum Dulcamdra, 

Bitter vetch. See Orobus. 

Bitter wood. See Q:udssia amdra. 

Bituminous, pitch-like. 

BiVAGiKATE, having double sheaths, or covers. 

BivonAa, Ikcan. Dedicated to Antoine Bivona 
Bemardi, a professor of botany in Sicily. Linn. 
16, Nat. Or. Brarsicdcece. A pretty species, 
the seeds sown in sandy dry soil, where they 
are intended to remain, will succeed well. 
Synonyme: 1, Thldspi liUcum — Ititea, 1. 

BfXA, Linn. Its name in South America. Linn, 
13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. PlacourtiAceoi. These 
trees, if grown from seed, become of a large size 
before they can be got to Aower. But if cuttings 
be taken from a flowering plant and struck, 
they may be brought into oloom when small 
plants. Loam and peat suit them well, slid 
cuttings root freely in sand, under a glass, iu 
heat 

OrellAna . . Pink . . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1600 
purpurea . . Purple . 7, 8. Ev. T. 15 R Ind. . 1817 
Urucurtoa . Pink . . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Braal . 1820 

BixAcEJE, An order of plants now merged in 
FlacourtidcecB. 

BiXADS. See PlacmtrtidcecB. 

Black adlantum. See AspUnium adidnium 
— nigrum. 

Blackberry. See RUtbus. 

Black bryony. See Tdmus. 

Black bullace. See Prunus insUUia. 

Blackburnia, De Candolle. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Xanthoxyldcecc, A greenhouse shrub 
requiring to be pott<}d in equal parts of sandy 
loam and peat, and is increased by cuttiugs 
and layers. Synonyme: PUlea pinndla. 
pinn^ta . . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 Norfolk Is. 1829 

Black currant. See Bibes nigra. 
Black hellebore. See Helleborus n\g&r. 
Black ipecacuanha. See Polpgala glandi^ 

losa. 
Black jack. See Quircus nigra. 
Black lac. See MclanorrMsa usitdta. 
Black nonsuch. See Mcdicdgo lupuCxna, 
Black olive. See Bucida BUceras, 
Black pine. See Pinus atistrUica. 
Black quitch. Sco AgrtsUs vuigdrf' 



BLA 



78 



BLE 



Black saltwort. See Glaux marUima. 

Black snake root. See Macrhfys ractmhsa. 

Blackthorn. See Prunris spinosa. 

Black varnish trek See Melanorr?idea. 

Black wattlb. See Callicoma serratijolia. 

Black w^LLLA, (7(wiw?. In com plimeut to Eliza- 
beth Black well, a botanical artist. Linn. 11, 
Or. 5, Nat Or. Homaliiicea, The foliage of 
these plants is i)retty, but the flowers nave 
nothing to recommend them. They delight 
in sandy peat, and are propagated with facility 
from cuttings. 

axllMria . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 4 Madagascr. . 1824 
grandifldra . White . 8, O. Ev. S. 6 China . . 1824 
bitegrif(^lia • White . 8, S. Ev. 8. 6 Madagascr. . 1823 
padifldra . . White . 8, Q. Ev. 8. Chile . . . 1827 
panicul&ta . White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Bourbon . 1820 
spir&liB . . White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 £. Indies . 1820 

Black wood. See Melhd/nia Mdan6xylon. 

Bladhea. See Ardlsia, 

Bladder catchfly. See Silhu inJlAta. 

Bladder chain. See Durvilloia utilis. 

Bladder ketmia. See Hibiscus iridnum. 

Bladder locks. See A Idria. 

Bladder nut. See Staphylia. 

Bladder senna. See Colittea. 

Bladder thread. See Macrocpstis. 

Bladder wrack. See Fitcus vesdculosus. 

Blj^RIA, Linn. In compliment to Patrick 
Blair, a physician at Boston in Lincolnshire. 
Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ericdcece. The species 
arc interesting, and may be cultivated the same 
as the genus Erica. 

artlciilita . Pink . 6, G. Ev. 8. S C. G. H. . 1796 
ciliAria. . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. IJ C. G. H. . 1795 
depr^ssa . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
dumdsa . . Pink . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1806 
ericoldea . . Purple . 9, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
faaciculAta . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
glabiJlla . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. IJ C. G. H. . 1816 
mu»c<y8a . . Pink . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 
paucifiUa . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
purplirea . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. It C. G. H. . 1791 
scdbra . . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. l\ C. G. H. . 1824 

BlAkea, Lin7i. In memory of Martin Blake, 
an active promoter of useful knowledge. Linn. 
11, Or. 1, Nat Or. Atelastaindcecc. The species 
are amongst the most beautiful plants of the 
W. Indies. They grow well in peat, or peat 
and loam mixed ; cuttings taken from quite 
ripened wood, planted in sand, and plunged 
in a moist heat, root readily, 
quinquendrvia . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Trinidad 1820 
trin^via . . . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Jamaica 1789 

Blanching, making white, by being grown in 
a dark place, or oy being covered with any 
thing. 

Bland, fair, beautiful. 

Blandf6rdia, Smith. Dedicated to George, 
Marquis of Blandford. Litin, 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Lilidceoe. These beautiful species grow 
freely in an equal mixture of sandy loam and 
peat, and thrive planted out in a conservatory, 
much better than when grown in pots. They 
increase from suckers or seeds. See Gdlax. 
Synonyme : 1, AUlris punicea. 
BackhohaU .Red . . 6, G. Her. P. li V. D. L. 
^UTii"^^.^^. } Red yeL . 6. G. Her. P. 1 N. Holl 
flimmea . . Flame co. 6, G. Bl. P. 2 Auntral. 1849 
graQdifl6ra . Crimaon . 7, G. Her. P. 2 N. 8. W. 1812 



intermMla . YcUow . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 N. HolL 1844 
maivin&ta. . Copper . 7, G. Bl. P. 2 Austral 1842 
ndbiUa . . . Orange . 7, G. Her. P. 2 N. 8. W. 1803 

Bland's grape. See VUis LabrOsca. 

BlAsia. See Jurigenndnnia Bldsia. 

BlattAria. See Verbdscum BlaUdria. 

BlattArius, relating to moths, like moths. 

Blazing star. See JIdhnias dioica. 

Bleaberrt. See VaaAnium uliginhsum. 

Bl^chnum, Linn. Derived from hUxhnon^ a 
Greek name for a fern. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. PolypodidcecB. Very interesting species 
of ferns ; they delight to grow in the openings 
of rockwork, in sandy loam and peat mixed ; 
they divide readily at the roots, and may very 
easily be increased by seeds. Synonyincs: 
1. cancuUnse ; 2. atramineum. See Lomdria 
and Woodtodrdia. 

angustifdlium Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies 
anstr&Ie . . Brown 6, G. Her. P. } C. G. H. . 1691 
brazilifinfle 1 . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. | Brazil. . 1820 
cartihiglneiim Brown 7, G. Her. P. } N. HoU. . 1820 
Corcovad&ise. Brown 7, 8. Her. P. ) Bnudl. . 1837 
falcAtum . . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 . 1838 

glanduldsum. Brown 4, 8. Hor. P. 1 Bradl . 1823 
grtfciie . . . Brown 11, 8. Her. P. | Bi^zil . 1880 
haatAtum . . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Chili . . 1841 
intermMium. Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 BraaU . 1841 
lanceol£ltum . Brown 6, S. Her. P. 8 Brazil 
lanc^la . . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. i Br.ieil . 1829 
liBvigAtum . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1821 
longifdlium . Brown 7, 8. Har. P. 1 Caraccaa . 1820 
occident&le . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1823 
poctinAtum . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. ) 8. Amer.. 1827 
polypodioldes Brown 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1829 
Borruliitum . Brown 7, H. Her. P. } Fioridn . 1819 
Btriiktum 2 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. I N. HoU. . 1824 
trianguliiro . Brown 7, 8. Hor. P. 1 Mexico . 1841 
trifoMtura . Brown 7, S. Her. P. J Bradl. . 1841 

Bl^chum, Jussieu. Taken from the Greek 
name of a plant resembling marjoram. Linn, 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthaceas. Species of 
Considerable beauty ; for culture, ic, see 
Jiisticia. 

angustifblium . Blue . 0, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1824 
brazilidose . . Blue . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1824 
Br6wnei . . . White . 6, 8. Hor. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1780 
laxifldrum . . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica. 1818 

Bl^pharis, Jussieu. Derived from blepJiaris, 
the eyelash ; in allusion to the bracteas of the 
calyx. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. Acanthdce<B. 
The species are ornamental, and may be re- 
ferred to A cdnthus for cidture, &c. Synonyms : 
1, Acdnthus cap&nsis. 

boerhaavieefolia . Bhie . 7, 8. A. 1 R Ind. . 1821 

cap^nslB . . . Blue . 7, G. B. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 

furcita .... Blue . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H, . 1816 
linoarifblia . . Blue . 7, 8. A. 2 Guinea . 1828 

prodimbens . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. Tr. 1 C. G. H. . 1825 

BLEPnfLiA, Hajin. The derivation is from bd- 
pharis, eyelash ; the sepals being fringed. 
Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiacf4E. These 
species are ornamental, and for culture, &c., 
may be referred to Mondrda. 
cililtta . .Red . . 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 
hirshta . . Piu^le . 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1798 

Blessed thistle. See Centaur^ benedicla. 

Bljetia, Ruiz and Pawn. In honour of Don 
Louis Blet, a Spanish physician and botanist. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddcete. This 
is, when in flower, a handsome genus of tuber- 
ous-rooted plants. They succeed well when 
grown in a mixture of sandy peat and light 



BLI 



79 



BOG 



loam, with the pots well draiued, and treated 
as follows :— As soon as the leaves die down, 
remove the plants to a cooler house, where 
they should be kept dry for three or four 
mouths ; then they must be repotted, and 
placed in a brisk moist heat ; and when grow- 
ing, liberally supplied with water. They 
are easily increased by dividing the roots, 
which should be done at the time of potting. 
Syno7iymes: 1. Limoddrum dJtum tvJberbsum ; 
2. B. pdllidttf Cifmhidiimijl6ridum; 3. C. hya- 
ciiUhinum; 4. (7. dUiimf Lrfmodbrv/m. dltum; 
5. B. Shcpk&rdii. 

acutip^talal . Purple . 9, O. Ter. 4 America. 1831 
capitita . . Purple . fl, 8. Ter. 1 W. Ind. . 1796 
catenul&ta . Purple . 4, 8. Ter. 1^ Peru . . 1844 
fl6ridA 2 . . Roee . . 2, 8. Ter. 2 Trinidad. 1786 
geblna . . . Wh. violet 4, 8. Ter. 1^ Japan . 1846 
gittcilia . . . Ylah. pur. 6, 8. Ter. l{ lleuco . 1830 

Eiine^nsis . Purple . 4, 8. Ter. 2 8t Leone 1822 
ivan^mis . Purple . 4, 8. Ter. 2 Havanah 1836 
hyacinthiua 8 Bo. pink . 4, 8. Ter. 1 China . 1802 
wUUda . . . Pink . . 2, 8. Ter. 2 W. Ind. . 1820 
Parkinsdui . Roee . .1,8. Ter. 1 Mezioo . 1838 
pdtula . . . Purple . 4. 8. /Ter. 1 Hayti . 1830 
rcfl^xa . . . Pur. green 8, & Ter. 2 Mexico . 1833 
sec^da . . Om. urim. 4, 8. Ter. 1 Mexico . 1840 
specidea . . Purple . 6, 8. Ter. 1 Mexico . 1827 
TaukcrvllliiB . Wh. bro. . 8, 8. Ter. 2 China . 1778 
Terecanda 4 . Purple . 4, 8. Ter. 8 W. Ind. . 1738 
Bheph6rdii5 Ro.purp. 9. 8. Ter. 2 W. Ind. . 1825 
Woodfbrdii . Or. yeUow 6, 8. Bpl 2 Trinidad. 1S23 

BiioHiA, HorUvs Kew. Dedicated to Capt. Blich, 
who iirst carried the bread-fruit to the W. 
Indies. lAniu 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapinddoeas. 
This is called Akce Tree, and is a plant much 
esteemed in Africa and the W. Indies on ac- 
count of its fruit, which is as large as a goose's 
egg, and of a reddish or yellow colour ; the 
am is eatable, of a sub- acid flavour, and con- 
sidered very gi-ateful, particularly iu the W. 
Indies. It grows in loam and peat ; and cut- 
tings, with the leaves not taken off, root in 
sand, under a glass. 
fltfpidA . . . White . 6, 8. £▼. T. 20 Africa . 1793 

Blight, a vague term, signifying a pestilence 
amongst plants, caused by the attack of in- 
sects, or parasitical fungi ; or by some epide- 
mic affection of the atmosphere. 

Blimbino. See AverrJida Bilimbi. 

Blistered, the surface being raised, as the skin 
is when blistered. 

BiiruM, Linv, The derivation is doubtful, but 
it is most probably taken from bliUnif insipid. 
Linn. 1, Or. 2, Nat. Or. ChenopodidceiB. These 
plants are only worth cultivation for their straw- 
berry-like fruit which succeeds the flowers ; 
hence the trivial name Strawberry Blite ; they 
succeed well sown in the open ground. See 
also Amardntus BlUum. 



capit4tum . . Apetal . 7, H. 
marftimum . Ai^tal . 7, H. 
virg-^tum . . Apetal . 7, H. 



A. 2 Austria . 1683 
A. 1 N.Amor. 1825 
A. 2 8. Eur. . 1680 



chenopodioides^ pelioldre. 
Blood flower. See Hcemdnthus, 
Blood- ROOTS. See HcETnodordicecB. 
Bloodwort. See Sanguindria caruuUruis, 
Blue-bottle. See CerUatirea cpcmns. ' 
Blue gum tree. See EtuMlppius gW>idu$. 
Blue tangles. See Vacdnium frondoswnL 



Bluets. See Vacdnium angttsti/dlium, 

BLtMEA. See Conpza. 

BlumenbAchia, SchrMer. In compliment to 
J. F. Blumenbach. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
LoasacecB, The species are ornamental ; for 
culture, &c., see Lodaa. Synonyme: I, Lodaa 
pcUmAta. 

inalgniB 1 . White . . 7, H. Tr. A. } Monte YL 1826 
multifida . Green red . 7, H. A. 1 R Ayree. 1826 

BoATUP. See ScaphygldUis. 

BobIrtia. Dedicated to Jacob Bobart, a wor- 
thy professor of botany at Oxford. Linn. 8, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. IriddxecR. The species are 
rather showy, and may be referred to Mdrica 
for culture, &c. Synonymes: 1. Mdrica gla- 
didUOf Mordsa gladidta ; 2. Mordsa spathdcea, 
aurantiaca . Orange . 8, H. Her. P. | Belgia . 1827 
gladi&ta 1 . Yellow . 6. G. Her. P. li C. O. H. 1816 
BpathJkcea 2 . Yellow . 6, G. Her. P. | G. G. H. 1798 

Bocc5nia, Linn. The name is derived from a 
Sicilian monk, named Paolo Boccone, M.D. 
Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Papaverdace. The 
species are ornamental, and B. fruUscens has 
pretty foliage. They are easily cultivated in 
loamy soil, and increased from cuttings in 
sand, in a gentle heat, placed under a glass, 
frutdscens . . WhL yeL 2, 8. Ev. 8. 6 W. Ind. . 1739 
lntegrif2>lia . White . 2, 8. Ey. & 4 Mexico . 1820 

BoiBERA, Willdenow. Taken from Boeber, a 
Russian professor of botany. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. AsterdceoB. The species are pretty, 
and of easy cultivation. Synonymes : 1. I>yS' 
ahdia gluiinhsa ; 2. J), porophplla. 

^'^Id^*^^'} "^^^"^ • ^°' ^ ^ H Carolina 1821 
incima . . Golden . 9, G. Er. & H Mexico. 1828 
porophplla, 2. 

B(EHM&R1A, Ja^quin. In memory of Geoi^ 
Kudolph Boehmer, a German botanist. Linn, 
21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Nyctagindcec^ The spe- 
cies are uninteresting, and of tlie easiest cul- 
ture. Synonymes : 1. Uri\ca arborea ; 2. Ela- 
tosthmna montdnimi. See Parietaria. 
rub^scens 1 . Green . 4, G. Er. 8. 8 Caiuudes . 1779 
castanecefdlia 2, cauddUay cylindrical elongata, 
frondhsa, fnUiscens, hirta^ interrCLpta, lateri- 
JldrUf macrophplUif pkUyphpHa^ ramiflora^ 
rotundi/olia, salici/blia. 

B(E0b6trts. See Massa. 

BoerhaJLyia, LinTL So called in honour of the 
famous Dutch phvsician, who is said to have 
been the first ot the many friends and patrons 
of Linufleus. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat Or. Nyeta- 
gindcea. The species are of very simple culti- 
vation, and possess but little beauty, 
dimua. . .White . 9, 8. Ev. Tr.l India .1690 
discolor . . Bed . . 8, 8. Her. P. 11 Guayaq. 1825 
ertcta . . . White . 7, 8 Her. P. l\ India . 1788 
ezcdlsa . . Bed . . 6, 8. Et. 8. 8 8. Amer. 1820 
hirstita . . Scarlet . 6, 8. Ev. Tr. 1 Jamaica. 1738 
inuUbUiB. . Wht.red 10, 8. Her. P. 11 N. HoU. 1821 
plumbaglnea Bed . . 8, 8. Her. P. l{ Spain . 1820 
procAmbens . Bed . . 8, 8. Ev. Tr. 1 E. Ind. . 1800 
acttadona . . Green . 8, 8. £▼. CL 4 Jamaica 1601 
viacdea . . Scarlet . 6, 8. Ev. Tr. 1 Peru . 1821 

Boo-BEAN. See Menydnlhes tri/olidta. 
Boo-Moss. See Splvdgnum. 
Boo-RUSH. See Sch^itu. 



BOH 



80 



BOM 



BoHEA. See Th^a Bohea, 

Boh UN- UPAS. See AntiHris toxicdria, 

Bois DE CHYPRE. See Chrdia. 

Bois DE COLOPHANB. See Bursera panicuUtta, 

Bois de coNcnoN. See Hedwigia balsamlfera. 

Bois d'bncbns. See rdca guianinsis, 

Bois d*huile. See Erythrdxylon hyperici- 
Jolium. 

Bois de lettres. See Br6simum. 

Bois de palixXndra, or Rosewood. See 
Physocal^nma JiorihCmda, 

BoisduvAlia, SpcLch. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
OnagracccB. See (Enothh'a. 

Bois perdrix. See HeisUria. 

BoLAX. ^QQ Astrotrkhe floccosa, 

Bolb6dium. See Jkndrhbium. 

BoLBOPHf LLUM, Thouars, From holhos, a bulb, 
and phyllmij a leaf ; the leaves universally 
rise from a pseudo-bulb. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. OrchiddcccR. This is a most singular 
and interesting genus of plants, which to thrive 
well must be grown in a strong damp heat, 
potted, and otherwise treated as the genera 
Epidifndrumf Stanhhpeat &c. Synonyines : 1. 
Anisopitalum Careydnum, Tribrdchia puv' 
pitreay Pleurothdllis purpurea/ 2, Tribrachia 
hirla ; 3. T. p&ndula; 4. Diphpes fla/oixens. 
See Cirrhopitalum, 



adenop^ta- ) 
lum 4 . . I 

aplfcrum . 

aurfcomiim . 

barblgerum . 

bracte* •latum. 

calam^rium . 

Caroy&num 1. 

Cheirii . . 

cliuidcstlnum. 

clav^tum . . 

cocOinum . . 

ctiprewm . . 

cyundricum . 

er&'tum . . 

fl&vidum . . 

ftiscum. . . 

hirtum . . . 

imbric&tum . 

lasiiiithum . 

loctpordlnum . 

limbutiim . . 

L6bbii . . . 

mMcr^uthuin. 

mfscrum . . 

occAltum . . 

pavimcut&- \ 
turn . . ) 

pileitum . . 

radiiitum . . 

recdrvum 8 . 

rbizopbbrw . 

8a]tat6rium . 

setforerum . . 

86rdidnm . . 

tctmg<i!>iium . 

umbel l&tum . 

vagin&tum . 



Tellowiah 

Dark red. 
Yellow . 
Crimann . 
Yel. pur. . 
YcUow . 
Bm. pur. . 
Gm. bm. . 
Straw. . 
Crimson . 
Flesh . . 
Copper . 
Brown . 
Yel.br. . 
Yellow . 
Chocol. . 
Whitish . 
Purple . 
Purple . 
Yah. firm. . 
Purple . 
Yel. bm. . 
Lemon . 



Pur. red . 

YeUow . 
Br. yellow 
Gm.wht. . 
Red . . 
Yel. bra. . 
Purple 
Olive bm. 
Yd. pur. . 
Yullow . 
Browu . 



1, 8. EpI. \ 

5, S. EpL ; ; 
4, 8. Epi , 

0, 8. EpL 

7. 8. EpL 

8, 8. Epi. , 
10, 8. Epi. 

8, 8. Epi. t 

1, 8. Epi. 
4, 8. Epi. ; 

10, 8. Epi. , 

3, 8. Epi. 
8, 8. Epi. 

4, 8. EpL . 
8, 8. EpL 
4, 8. Epi. i 

6, 8. EpL : 
8, 8. EpL : 
8, 8. EpL 
8, 8. EpL 1 

2, 8. EpL r 
8, 8. EpL r 
8, 8. Epi. 
4. 8. Epi. ; 

2, 8. Epi. , 

4, 8. EpL \ 

3, 8. EpL \ 

8, 8. EpL h 

9, 8. EpL \ 
8, 8. EpL i 

12, 8. Epi. \ 

4, 8. EpL \ 
8, 8. EpL i 
8, S. EpL \ 
8, 8. Epi. I 
8, S. EpL J 



Singapore. 1842 

Gambia . 1835 
India . . 1840 
8. Leone . 1885 
Denierara. 1836 
Singapore. 1844 
Nepnl . . 1823 
Manilla . 1844 
Singapore. 1838 
Mauritius. 1837 
8. Leone . 1835 
Manilla . 1837 
India . .1837 
Mauritius. 1834 
8. Leone . 1840 
8. Leone . 1837 
K Indies . 1846 
8. Leone . 1845 

E. Ind. . 1837 
Singapore. 1840 
Java . . 1845 
8. Leone . 1844 
India . .1838 
8. Leone . 

W. Africa. 

Singapore. 1844 
India . . 1836 
8. Leone . 1822 

8. Leone . 1835 
Dcmorara. 
Guatemala 1840 
S. Loonc . 
E. Ind. . 1837 
Singapore. 1840 



Bold6a, Lagasea. In memory of D. Boldo, a 
Spanish botanist. Linn, 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Nyclagindceix. Ornamental species, succeeding 
in sandy peat, and propagated by cuttings. 
Synonymes : 1. Salpidnthus arcndritis ; 2. 
Pcuv\09 JrdgranSy Rutzia frdgrans, 

frigrans 1 . . Wht or. ^, O. Ev. S. 20 ChiU . 1844 
lauceoliita2 . Puqile . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 W.Ind. 1824 
purpur^Lsccaus . Varieg. . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Cuba . 1820 



Bole, trunk of a tree. 

Boiikrus, IHllenius, Kamed from holos, a mass, 
in reference to its massy or globular form. 
Linn, 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Agaricdceoe, Curi- 
ous productions, found in woods and groves, 
pastures, and on old trees. The species are 
succulent, and have their parts in the greatest 
perfection of any Fungi. B. granuldtus is eat- 
able, as is ^. sub-tomenthstis^ and B, edUlis ; the 
last is excellent when cooked. The BoUli when 
wounded, heal much in the same manner as 
the flesh of animals. Synonymes : 1. B, rube- 
oltis—calbpuSf cyanSscenSj edUlis, lojctifldrus^ 
laridnust lUridus 1, liiteus, pipcratus, scdbcr, 
s, aurantiacus, s, bovXnus, sublonicntosusy s, 
sanguineus^ variegatus, 

B6LEUM, Lesvaux, The name is taken from the 
round pods, and is derived from bolos, a ball. 
Linn. 16, Nat Or. Brassicdcece. An orna- 
mental species, succeeding best in rather 
sandy peat ; it ripens seed, from which it may 
be plentifully increased. Synonyme : I. Villa 
dspera. 
tfspenim . . Cream . 6, F. Ev. 8. 1 Spain . . 1813 

BolivIria, Schlcch. The name is given in 
honour of the great Bolivar. Linn, 2, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Jasininacece. An interesting species, 
delighting in a mixture of loam and peat, and 
propagates readily from cuttings, 
trifida . . Yeflow . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Chile . . 1828 

Bolt6nla, L. Herit. Dedicated to J. B. Bolton, 
an £nglish professor of botany. Linn. 19, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asterdeecs, Very interesting 
species, so much like some of the genus Aster, 
that they may be referred for culture, &c., to 
that genus. 

asteroldea . . Flesh . 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1758 
glastiidlia , . Pmk . 9, H. Her. P. IJ N. Amer. 1758 

BomArea* Herbert. This is a genus divided 
from Alstrosin^ria. Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
AmarylliddeecB. For culture and propagation, 
see Alstrcem^ria. Syiwnymes: 1. Alstramiiria 
acuti/olia ; 2. A. acutifblia^ yblt, punctdla ; 8. 
A, edUlis; 4. A, hirUlla ; 5, A. Sahllhr, 



acutifblia 1 . Rod yel. , 
atu-ea . . YclL red 
macul&ta . Gr. red 



9, F. De Tw. 6 Mexico. 
8, P. DeTw. 6 Sudley. 
8, F. I)e Tw. 6 Carccas. 1889 



punctata 2. Spotted . 9, F. Do Tw. 6 Mexico. 1829 

edlilis 3 . . Red . . 7, 8. De Tw. 6 Trinida. 1820 

hirtaia4 . . Red yell. . 7, H. De Tw. 3 Mexico. 1824 

Macle^a . . Rod . . 7, F. De Tw. 4 Mexico. 

SalsflLi 5 . . Gm. crim. 6, 8. De Tw. 6 8. Amer. 1806 

Bfmplox . . Pink . . 6, G. De Oil. 8 Cusco . 1838 

8ubglob6«a • . 1842 

Turaeriilna . . 1842 

uucifolia . . Peru . 1842 

variift)ili8 . . Red yeL . . Peru . 1842 

BombAck£. See Sterculidcea!, 

B<5mbax, Linn. The name is derived from b(/m- 
bcur^ cotton ; in allusion to the wool in the 
pods. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Sterculidccce, 
Tlie genus is trivially named the Silk Cotton 
Tree, and the species thrive well in a sandy 
loamy soil ; half -ripened cuttings taken off at 
a joint, and planted in sand, under a glass, in 
a moist heat, root readily. The seeds of many 
of the species are enveloped in long hairs, like 
those of the true Cotton ; it is found, however, 
that they cannot be mauufactuix'd,. in consc- 



BON 



81 



BOR 



qnence of no adhesion between the hairs. The 
woolly coat of the seeds of some of the species 
is employed in different conn tries for stuffing 
cushions, &c. The trunk of B. Ceiba is spiny, 
and said to he one of the highest trees in both 
Indies ; the wood is light and of little value, 
but is sometimes used for canoes. The wood 
cut into boards, and steeped some time in 
lime-water, will endure the action of the air 
many years. The cotton in which the seed is 
enveloped, is used by the poor inhabitants for 
stuffing chairs, pillows, &c., but is seldom or 
never used for beds, it being thought un- 
wholesome to sleep upon.. Synonymes : 1. quin- 
atum ; 2, Jieptaphpllum ; 3, heptaphf/llwn. 
See Cochloap^hmum, and BriodSndron. 

Celba, 1 . . . . Whit« . B. Ev. T. 100 S. Amer. 1602 
fflob6sum . . . White . S. Ev. T. 60 Guiana . 1824 
malab^cuxn, 2 . Scftrlet . 8. Ev. T. 60 Malabar 
septeo&tuzu, 8 . White . a Ev. T. 60 Carthag. 1699 

BoNACB-BARK. See Ddphne Unifblia. 

BoNANA bird's NEST, formed of the fibres of 
Tilldndna usnetMes. 

Bona Nox. See Ipomdea Bdna-N6x. 

BonafArtea, Ruiz and Pavon, In memory of 
Napoleon Bonaparte. Linn. 6, Or. 1, ^at. 
Or. BromelideecB. This genus has a singularly 
graceful appearance, by the naturally drooping 
tendency of its rush- like leaves. It grows well 
in sandy rich loam, and increases without dif- 
ficulty from seed. See LUUuu 

irrilciliB . . . Red blue . 5, 8. EpI. U Mexico . 1828 
jtincea . . . Blue . . . 6, 8. EpL l} Peru. . ISOO 

BonItea, Willdenoto. In honour of M. Bonat, 
a celebrated botanist and 4)rofessor at Padua. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddcecc. A curi- 
ous species, with remarkably formed gieen and 
white, slightly fragrant flowers. For culture 
and propagation, see BlHia. Synonyme: 1, 
Orchis specidacL 
8ped68a . . . Onu wht. 6,.S. Ter. 2 C. G. H. 1820 

Bonduc. See Ouilandlna B&nduc. 

BoNDUCELLA, or necklace trees, see Quilandina 
Bonducilla. 

BonoArdia, Meyer. In honour of H. 6. Bon- 
gard, a distinguished Russian botanist. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Berberiddoece. See Ledntice. 

BonnAta, Link. In memory of Bonnay, a 
German botanist. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Scrophidaridtceoi. The species are dwarf-grow- 
ing plants of considerable interest ; for cul- 
ture, &c., see Gratibla, Synonyme: 1, OraH- 
dla veroniceefblia. 

brachlAta . . . White . 8. 8. A. 1 BraeQ . 1823 
r^ptana .... Blue . 7, 8. Ev. Cr. i B. Ind. . 1820 
veronicasfblia, 1 . Pink . 8, 8. Cr. B. | E. Ind. . 1798 

Bonn£MAI86nia^ Agardh. Named in honour 
of M. Bonnemaison, a French cryptogamist 
Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. CeramicUxce. A 
very delicate, finely-branched species, much 
like asparagus, rather plentiful about the sea- 
shoTe-^asparagcidea. 

BoNNirriA, Schreber. In honour of C. Bonnet, 
a celebrated naturalist. Liwn. 18, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Temstromid^ecB. An elegant species, doing 
well in a mixture of loam and peat ; ripened 



cuttings in a moderate heat, root freely in 

sand, under a glass. 

palAstria . . . Red . . . 8. Ev. 8. 3 Trind. . 1819 
BonflAndia, Cavern. In honour of Aim6 Bon- 

pland, the companion of Humboldt in S. 

America, and a distinguished botanist Linn. 

6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. PoUmonideece. See 

Calddsia. 
B6NTIA, Lifm. Dedicated to James Bont, a 

Dutch physician. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. 

MyoporhceoR. An interesting plant, with the 

appearance of a Ddphne ; it succeeds in loam 

and peat, and cuttings root readily in sand, 

under a glass, in heat 

daphnoides . . Y. pur. . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 W. Ind. 1690 

B6nu8 Henb\cus. See Chenopddium Bdnua 
Hinrieua. 

Boom-upas. See Aniidris toxuAria. 

Bo6thia. See PkUysUnum. 

Borage. See Bordge. 

Borageworts. Sec Boraginaceas. 

BoraoinAck£. The plants of this Order are 
nearly allied to Labiates (Lamihceffi), they ate 
principally natives of temperate countries, and 
the greater part have succulent stems. 

BorAgo, Linn. So called from the nourishing 
qualities of the herb. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Boragindbeeat. Pretty dwarf species, succeeding 
in any common soil, and increased by division 
or seeds. The leaves of B. officindtlia may be 
used as a salad, and have been much in repute 
as a cordial. See Trichodisma. 
craasifblia . . . Pink 6, H. Her. P. 2 Fenda . 182S 
crMica .... Blue. 5, H. Her. P. 1 Crete . 1828 
laxifldra . . . Blue. 6, H. Tr. B. 1 Corsica . 181S 
longif&lia . . . Blue. 7, H. A 1 8. Eur. . 1825 

offlclnMis . . . Blue. 8, H. A. 8 Eng. rubbiah 

alblfl^ra . . . Wht. 8, H. A. 2i Ehg. gardens 

orient&Ua . . . Blue. 6, H. Her. P. 1| Turkey. 175S 

BorAssus, Linn. The immortal Linmeus ap- 
plied this name to the spatha of the date. 
Linn. 22, Or. 6, Nat Or. PalmAcem. This 
fine species grows upwards of thirty feet high, 
and yields a fruit the size and shape of a child's 
head ; it thrives well in a mixture of loam and 
peat, and propagates from seeds. From the 
sap of the trunk sugar and wine- are made of 
considerable value, 
flabellifdrmis . . Wht gr. . 6, Palm 40 E. Ind. . 1771 

Borb6nla, WiUdenoro. Dedicated to Gaston de 
Bourbon, Duke of Orleans, son of Henry IV. 
of France. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat Or. Pabdcece, 
The species are very showy when in flower, 
and thrive well in peat and loam ; cuttings of 
the young wood planted in. sand, and placed 
under a glass, root freely. See PriestUya^ 
RdfniOy and Vascoa. 

barbiita .... YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1828 
cili&ta . . . .YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. %\ C. O. H. 1816 
oozd&ta .... YeL . 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. I7fi9 
cren&ta .... YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1774 
erlcif61ia . . . Pink . 1, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G, H. 1821 
lanoeoUita . . .YeL .7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1752 
ruflcifftlla . . . YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1T90 
trinfrvia . . . YeL . 7, G. Ev. a 6 C. G. H. 1760 
undul&ta . . .YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1812 

BoRDERLsr. See Limbdria. 
BoRKHAtsiA, Bohmer. Dedicated to Moriti 
Borkhauaen, a German professor of botany. 



BOR 



82 



BOS 



Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AsUrheea. Species 
of 110 beauty except B. a/plno, which is rather 
pretty and interesting ; they are all easily cul- 
tivated. Synonymes : . 1, Cr^pia alpina ; 2, 
HieracMim stipUiUum ; 8, Lagdieris hursifhlia ; 
4, Crhpia fdUida ; 6, Lagdaeris intybdcea ; 6, 
L. leontodontotdes ; 7, Cr^pU nicce&nsis ; 8, 
Lag6s6ri8 raphanifblia ; 9, Cr^pis rOJbra ; 10, 
C, acned/Ades ; 11, L, v&'^eolar. See Mpo- 
aeria. 

alplnal . . TeUow . 7, R A. 1 Italy . .1789 
apargvAdea 2, dspera, hdlidifhliay hursifUia 8, 
CandMldy carolinihna, fdetida 4, grav^lena^ 
hiapHa, intybdcea 5, leontodontotdes 6, macro- 
ph^lla^ niccBinaia 7, raphamfilia 8, riiira 9, 
aenecioidea 10, Suffrenldtnaf iarctxacifblia^ ver- 
sicolor 11. 
Bor5nia, Sims, In memory of Francis Boroui, 
an Italian attendant of Dr. Sibthorp. Linn. 
8, Or. 1, Nat Or. RtUdceaa, A very pretty 
and interesting genus of New Holland plants. 
The species flower remarkably free, ana some 
may m seen in bloom at almost any time of 
the year. They grow best in sandy peat 
mixed with a few broken shreds, and the pots, 
which should not be lai^ must be judiciously 
drained, as the plants are very liable to suffer 
from over watering. Cuttings taken at a joint, 
planted in sand, and placed under a glass in a 
frame, observing to dry up the damp now and 
then, will, if carefully tended, make roots. 
SYnonymea: 1, £. anemonefdlia ; 2, B, ledi- 
folia; 8, B. ierminijlhrat grandiJU^^ lauri- 
/olia, pildaa 4, molttita, 

aUta . . .Bad . fi, O. Ev. S. 2| N. HolL . 1825 
anemonefblia Red . 6, O. Er. S. 2 N. HolL . 1824 
anethifblia .Red . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoU. . 1841 
crenullita . . Bed . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 KGeo/sSd. 
denUcul&ta . Red . 5, G. Ev. B. 2 N. Holl. . 1823 
dich6toma . Rose . 10, G. Er. B. 1^ N. HoIL . 1841 
Drumindndi . Rose . 6, G. Ev. & 2 N. HuIL . 
falcif^Ua . .Red . 6, G. Er. B. 2 Morts. B. 1841 
floribtindaS . Rose . 5, G. Er. 8. U 8wan R . 
FrasM 1 . . Red . 6, G. Ev. & 2 N. HolL . 1824 
grandlfl6ra . Rose . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 8wan R . 
Umcifdiia . . Rose . 6, G. Ev. a 2 Swan R . 
latlfMiaS . . Red . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoIL . 1824 
lodifMia . .Red . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1^ N. 8. W. . 1814 
microph^Ua . Pink . 6, G. Ev. 8. l| N. HoIL . 1846 
mOllu . . .Red . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoIL . 1841 
ov&ta . . . Crimflon 5, G. Ev. 8. 1^ Swan R. . 1841 
paniddxa . . Rod . S, G. Ev. a 2 N. HoIL . 1826 
pUon^ma . . Red . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoIL . 1820 
pUTMsa . . . Pink . 4, G. Ev. a 2 Swan R . 
pinn&ta . . Purpu . 8, G. Ev. a 2 N. a W. . 1794 
poIygaUefMia. Bed . 5, G. Ev. a 2 N. HoIL . 1824 
BenrOitta . . Scar. . 6, G. Ev. a 2^ N. 8. W. . 1816 
apatuUU 4 . Pink . 8, G. Ev. a l( Swan R . 1840 
apecttfbilia . Pink . 8, G. Ev. a 2 Swan R . 
taretifdlia . . Fink . S, G. Ev. 8. l\ Swan R . 1840 
tetrtfndra . .Red . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 N. HoIL . 1824 
triph*lla . . Pink . 5, G. Ev. a 2 N. HoIL . 1840 
ledifMia . . Red . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 N. HoIL . 1840 
vimfnea . . Pink . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan R . 1848 

B6RBEBA, Aeh. In honour of J. W. Borrer, 
F.L.S., a British cryptogamist. Linn. 24, 
Or. 8, Nat Or. Parmelidceca, An exceedingly 
interesting genus to the cryptogamist, on ac- 
count of the natural habit of the species <-a/- 
IdiUiea, ehrysopTUhdlma^ dlidria, fldvicanSf fur- 
furdeea, leuc&mela, tenilku See Ev^mia. 

BoRR&EiA, Meyer. Derivation same as Borrera. 
Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat Or. Cinchondceoe. Pretty 



little plants, of easy culture, in any common 
soil ; and cuttings of the perennial and shrubby 
kinds root readily in sand under a glass. B. 
atricta must be treated as a tender bienniaL 
Synonymea: 1, Spermacooe verticillata, Bige- 
IMa commiUa; 2, S. atricta^ B. atricta; 8, 
S. verticUldUa^ B. verticillata. 

commutAta 1. White . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1818 
atricta 2 . . White . 7, G. B. 8 E. Ind. . 1820 

verticilUta 8 . White . 7, a Ev. a 8 AlHca . 1782 

BoBRfcHiA, De Ccmdolle. Linn, 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. AateraceoB. See JXomedict. 

B6rta, Willdenow. Dedicated to Colonel Bory 
de St. Vincent, a French traveller and pro- 
moter of natural history. Linn. 22, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. EuphorbidcecB, The species are un- 
interesting, and easily cultivated — acuminata, 
diatiehophylla, Hguatriiia^ nUidct^ porulbaOf pri- 
ncideaf retHisa^ acorpUAdea. 

B<5sGiA, Lamarck. Dedicated to Louis Bosc, a 
French professor of agriculture. Linn. 11, 
Or. 1, ^at Or. Cappariddceca. The species 
is ornamental, and may be referred to Cratdtva 
for culture, &;c Syiwnyme : 1, Poddria Seme- 
galinaia. 
aenegal^naifl . White . . 4, a Ev. a 8 Senegal . 1824 

B6sEA, Linn. In compliment to Ernest Got- 
tlieb Hose, a professor of botany in Germany. 
Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ulmdceas. An orna- 
mental species, succeeding in loam and peat 
mixed ; and cuttings in sand, under a glass, 
placed in heat strike readily. 
Yervam6ra . Rufoua . . G. Ev. a 8 Canaries. 1728 

BossijkA, VeniencU. In honour of M. Bossieu 
Lamartiui^re, a French botanist, who accom- 
panied the unfortunate La Peyrouse round the 
world. .^7171. 16, Or. 6, Nat Or. FaJbdceea, 
The species are neat, elegant plants when in 
flower, and will thrive best in a mixture of 
tur^ loam, peat, and sand ; but care should be 
taken that the pots are well drained, as no- 
thing injures them sooner than too much 
water. Cuttings of the half-ripened wood will 
strike if planted in a pot of sand under a glass. 
Synonymea : 1, Boaaidia rdfa ; 2, B. kmceoldUa, 
PUUyUhium lanceolatum^ P. ovdUum; 8, Boa- 
aidM lerUiculdria ; 4, PkUyWnum acolopin- 
driv/tn; 5. B. virgata. 

b\ixif61ia . . TeL . 6, G. Ev. Tr. 1^ N. HoIL . 1824 
dn^rea. . . YeL . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 V. D. L. . 1802 
oordiiaiia . . YeL . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 N. HoIL . 1820 
diBticha . . YeL . 6, G. Ev. a 2 N. Hoa . 1840 
ens&tR 1 . . YeL .ft. G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoIL . 1824 
erioc4rpa . . YeL . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 K. G. 8. . 1837 
foUtea ... YeL .6, G. Ev. S. 8 N. HoU. . 1824 
Henderadni . YeL . 6, G. Ev. a 8 Swan R 
hetoronh^Ua2 YeL . 9, G. Ev. 8. 8 K. S. W. . 1792 
lenUcuUris . Yol. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2^ N. HoIL . 1828 
linnffioldea .YeL .6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. HoU. . 1824 
linoph]^Ua. . Ora. . 8, Q. Ev. 8. 8 N. HoU. . 1808 
mlcroph^Ua . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2* N. S. W. . 1803 
ovAta . . . YeL . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. 8. W. . 1792 
paucifdUa 6 . Y. bm. 6, G. Ev. S. 8 Swan R. . 1841 
proBtrikta . . YeL . 8, G. Ev. Tr. \ N. 8. W. . 1808 
rh.>mbif6Ua 8. YoL . 5, G. Ev. S. 1 N. HoU. . 1820 
TX)tundif6Ua .YeL .5, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. HoU. . 1824 
rWa .... Ora. . 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoU. . 1808 

^*driSS'4 }^^' • ^* ®- ^' ^' ^® ^' ^- ^' ' ^™* 
tenuicaUia .YeL .4, G. Ev. Tr. 8 V. D. L. . 1886 
vii^U. . . Y. red. 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 Swan R . 1842 



BOS 



83 



BOV 



Bosw^LLlA, BoiUmrgh. Dedicated to Dr. John 
Boswell, of Edinburgh. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. AmyrtddceoB, Oiuameutal trees of easy 
culture, thriving best in loam and peat, and 
are propagated with facility from cuttings in 
sand, under a class. The plants of this genus 
are called Olibanum trees. £. serrdta Uxr- 
nishes a resin which is used as incense, and 
possesses stimulant, astringent, and diaphoretic 
qualities ; B. gldbra supplies a coarser kind, 
used for pitching the bottoms of ships. The 
resin of Doth species is used in India as a 
frankincense and as pitch. 

gWan, . . Pa. yeL . 5, 8. Ev. T. 25 Coromand. 1828 
■err&to . . Fa. yeL . 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1820 

Botany Bat gum. See XanOuynrkdea arhdrea. 

BoTANT Bat tea. See Smtlax glycyphpUa. 

BoTAH T Bat tree. See Smtlax glycyphplla. 

BoTRTAD&NiA, FischcT and Meyer. From botrys, 
a cluster, and adeiiy a gland. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. AsterdcfiOB. A plant easily cultivated 
in the open borders in common soil, and in- 
creased^ by division of the roots. Synonyme .- 
1, Myridctia Gmetmi. 
Gmellni 1 . TeL . . 0, H. Her. P. 1 BuasU . . 1886 

BoTRTJLpiuM, or Grape pear. See Ameldn- 
chier BotryApium. 

BoTRfcERAS, WUldenow. So called from £o^?^«, 
a raceme, and kercts, a horn ; the horn-like 
raceme. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Anacar- 
didcecB, An interesting species ; for culture, 
&c., see Bdnksia, 
laurtnum . Or. wht . 6, Q. Ev. 8. 4 N. HoU. . 1828 

BoTRTCHiUM, Svjartz. The derivation is from 
bolrySf a bunch ; in rcfereuce to the form of 
the fructification, which is much like a bunch 
of grapes. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ophiogloa- 
sUmcb. The genus ia well known by the name 
of Moonwort The species are curious and in- 
teresting plants ; see Adidntum for culture, 
&c. B. virginieum ia the largest of the Ame- 
rican kinds, and is named the rattlesnake fern, 
on account of its js^enerally being found growing 
where those reptiles abound. Synonymes : 1, 
grdeilis ; 2, Onw&nda Lunhria. 

austrUe . . Brown . 6, F. Her. P. \ N. Holl. . 1828 

dissdctum 1 . Brown . 7, H. Hor. P. , N. Amer. 1816 

fUmarioldes . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. Carolina . 1806 

LunArla 2 . Brown . 5, H. Her. P. Britain . hilla 

obllquum . Brown . 8, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 1821 

▼ii^ginicum . Brown . 8, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1790 

B6TRTB. See Cheiwpddi'wm Bdtrya and Erddium 
Bdtrys. 

BotrttAcEmS, an order of Fungals usually known 
as mUdews and blights. 

B6TRTTI8, Michanx. The name alludes to the 
little round seeds, or seed vessels, resembling 
a bunch of grapes, and derived from botrysy a 
■ cluster of grapes. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. 
Botrytdcea. Minute productions. B. para- 
gUica is found on the plant called Shepherd's 
Purse {Capsilla Bilna-pdiaoris)^agaridna, 
ednOf ein^ea, crusthsaj dinsa^ diffusa, effiksa^ 
ffrisea, laUritiOy Uucc^phra, macra^ra, mu- 
riiMi, nlgra^ parcuUica, polyspora ; v^a, vul- 
garis. 

Bottle oourd. See Lagendria vulgdris. 



BoucERteiA, Brovm. Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
AaclepuxdaeecB. See CarallUma. 

BouqainyIllea. See BuginvUUa, 

Bourbon palm. See Latdnia. 

BouRR&RiA, Qccrtner. Named in memory of 
Bourrer, an apothecary of Nuremberg. Linn, 
6f Or. 1, Nat. Or. EhreUdoeoi. Ornamental 
trees of easy cultivation ; for the mode of 
which, see the genus EhrUia. Synonyme: 1, 
Ehritia Bourr^ria, 

exsdccA . . White . . a Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1804 
auocul^ta 1. White. . & Ev. T. 60 W. Ind. . 1758 

BoussiNOAtTLTiA, H. B. and Eunth named this 
genus in honour of J. B. Boussingault, a cele- 
brated naturalist and traveller. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Baselldeea. This is a most de- 
sirable stove plant, of rapid growth, and beai^ 
ing copious and graceful racemes of deliciously 
fragrant flowers. It grows in any common 
gamen soil, and may be increased by seed. 
At Glasnevin, near Dublin, the plant has 
stood the winter in the open air, planted 
against a wall. 
baseUoldea . White . . 7, F. BL P. 6 S. Amer. 1886 

Boutel6ua See Chondrhsium, 

BouyArdia, Salia. In memory of Dr. Bouvard, 
superintendent of the royal Paris botanic gar- 
den. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchondceas, 
This is a beautiful genus, worthy of extensive 
cultivation. ^ B. triphplla is a free flowerer, 
and thrives in a cool part of the greenhouse ; 
B. vergicolar is rather more tender, and thrives 
best in a warmer situation in summer, but re- 
quires to be cool in winter. They grow in a 
mixture of loam and peat, and young plants 
may be obtained from cuttings, which strike 
in the same kind of soil, in heat ; they may 
also be propagated by pieces of the root, planted 
in good soil, in heat Synonyme: 1, B. Jaogui- 
niif Houst&nia coodinea. 

an«ru8tif61ia .Bed . . 0, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1888 
Cavanillteu . Sea. yeL . 5, O. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1845 
fl&va . . .YeL . . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1844 

^bJShtii }^^^ • •«'<*• ^^- s- ^ M«*~ • 

lei^Dtha . . Scarlet . 7, G. Br. 8. 2 Mexico . 1850 

longifldra. . White . . 0, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1827 

muIUfldra . White . . 7, O. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 

spltedens . Scarlet . 0, G. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1884 

8trig6sa . . Yel. rod . 8. G. Ev. 8. 2 Metico . 1845 

triph^Ua 1 . Scarlet . 7. G. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1704 

anffiistifdlia Scarlet . 5, G. Ev. 8. S Mexico . I8S5 

■pMndens . Scarlet . 8, G. Ev. 8. 8 Mexico . 1888 

pub^scena . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1794 

gl&bra . . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. & 2 Mexico . 1794 

versicolor . Bed . . 8; G. Ev. 8. 2 8. Amer. 1814 

Garden Hybrids: Bridria, ffogarth, Laura, 
Bosalinda. 

BovET coal is probably the bituminized re- 
mains of a tree which has been named by 
Witham PinUes carbondceus. 

BovfsTA, Persoon, Latinised from its German 
name bqfist. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Lyco- 
perddcene. Striking productions. Bulliard 
mentions having seen man^ of them eighteen, 
twenty, and twenty-three inches in diameter ; 
and on the authority of others, he affirms that 
they attain the enormous bulk of nearly nine 
feet in circumference. B. gigdnUa is the 
largest of ^e genus, measuring two feet in 
G 2 



BOW 



84 



BRA 



diameter. The flesh is at first white, afterwards 
of a greenifii-yellow, lastly of a brown grey, 
the oiiter peridiam cracks, and peels off m 
lai^e flakes on being handled — gigdktea, nigris- 
cenSf pMmbea. 

Bow&NiA. Named in honour of 6. F. Bowen, 
the governor of Queensland. Linn. 22, Or. 12, 
Nat. Or. OycadicecB. Singular species lately 
discovered in Australia. For culture, see 
Cpcas and Zdmiia. 
spectA>ile . Apetalous 8, G. Bv. P. 8 Australia . 1860 

Bowi&A, Hawwth. In memory of J. Bowie, a 
collector of plants for the Kew gardens. Linn. 
6l Or. 1, Nat Or. LUHUea. Curious plants, 
succeeding in fibrous sandy peat, and multi- 
plied by offsets or suckers. 

Afiicdna . . Bed gr. 10, 0. Ev. B. l\ G. O. H. . 1823 
xnyriac^tha Bed gr. 6, G. Ev. 9. 1 C. G. H. . 1823 

BowLksiA, Bortisr and SchttUes. Named in 
honour of Mr. Bowles, an Irish botanist. 
Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. ApidcecB, A minute 
curious plant, will grow in any common soil, 
and is increased by oivisions. 
t^nera . . Gm. yeL 7,-F. Ev. X3r. J M. Video . 1827 

Bowstring hetcp. ^ee SansevQra. 

Box-ELDBB. See Negimdo. 

Box THORN. See Lpcium haf^rum. 

Box TREE. See Biixus arbor^ceTis. 

BRABi:jUM, Linn, African AlmoncL " Named 
from brabeiony a sceptre ; applying to the 
racemes of flowers, Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Protedcece. An ornamental tree, succeeding 
best in open sandv loam and peat ; cuttings of 
the ripened wood root without difficulty, in 
sand, under a glass. 
steU&tum . WMte . 8, G. Ev. 8. 12 C. G. H. . 1781 

Brachiate, having arms or branches usually 
placed opposite to each other at right angles 
with the main stem, and crossing each ouier 
alternately. 

BrachychIton, SckotL From brachys^ short, 
and cKaiUf a bristle. Plants covered with 
short stellate hairs. Linn^l^, Or. 1, Nat., Or. 
SterculideeoB. Shrubs or trees of easy culture, 
with fine flowers ; they thrive in loamy soil, 
and increase by cuttings. See Stere&lia. 
Bidwfllii . Bed . . 6, 8. Et. 8. 6 Australia . 1850 

Brachtc6iib, Cass. From brachys^ short, and 
koTMf hair. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aster- 
hcece. B. iberidi/dlia is a beautiful little an- 
nual, whose flowers vary from dark purple to 
lilac, and white ; it flowers freely in the open 
border, but is impatient of wet towards au- 
tumn, when, if it is taken up and removed to 
the greenhouse, it will continue to produce its 

firetty blossoms during the early winter months, 
t should be sown as a half-hardy annual in 
light soil, covering the seeds very slightly. 
Synonyme: 1, PyrUhrum diversifbliwm, 
diversifblia 1 White . 6, G. Ev. 8. Australia . 1824 
iberidlf<^lla . Purple . 5, F. A. Swan B. .1840 
albifldm . White . 6, H. A. Swan B. . 1840 

BRACHTELtTRUM, Schultes. From brachys^ short, 
and elytron, a wing. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Oramindtcece. Synonymes: 1, MvMenbirgia 
ereeia, IHU^rtMn ari^dUum.^anstAtaixL 



BRACHTOLdTTls, FoTsUfT. From braehys, short, 
and gloUift, a tongue. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. A steraceas. A plant of easy cultui-e in light 
soil, and propagated by cuttings, 
reptfnda . . Puiple . 8, F. Ev. 8. 8 N. Zealand 1830 

BRACHTLicNA, R. Brown. From brachys, short, 
and lama, cloak ; in allusion to the form of 
the calyx. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AiUerd^cea, 
An ornamental plant, for the culture of which, 
see Bdccharis. Synonymes : 1, Bdocharis ne- 
reifdlia, Tarchondnthus dentdUa. 
nereifblia 1. White . 9, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1762 

Brachtp6diuii, Beauvois. Taken from brachys, 
fthort, and pous, a foot ; in reference to &e 
short stalks of the spike lets. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Oramindcece. Mere weeds, of the 
simplest culture. Synonymes : 1, TrMicum 
dsperum, Fe^tika rigida ; 2, TrUicum loHA- 
ceum ; 3, Brdmus pinndtus ; 4, B. rupislris ; 
5, B. sylvdtictis; 6, BrachypSdium ndrdus — 
dsperum 1, biundile brevisUum, casspitdsum, 
distdchyon, HdlUri, hlidoeum 2, longifhlium, 
mdximwnif mexiedniim, oHusifoliuTn, phoBni- 
coldeSf pinntUum 3, ra'indsum, retusum, rup^re 
4, atrigdsum, sylvdticum 5, tenillum 6, Teno- 
ridnum, tenttkulumf Utvuijldrum, unioloMes, 
unUaUrdle. 

BrachyrImphis, De GandoUe. From brachys, 
short, and ramphis, branches. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. AsUrdtceae. See Lactttca intybdeea. 

Brachyrhtnchus, De Gandolle. From bra- 
chySf short, and rhynchos, a beak or snout. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteraceoe. A 
greenhouse plant, of easy cultivation, merely 
requiring to be grown in light soil, and in- 
creased by division and seeds. See Cinerdiria. 
albicalilia . Purple . 6, F. Her. P. 2 C G. H. . 

BRACHtBis, De CamdoUe. From brachys, short. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AsUrdcea. Synonyme : 
1, Soliddgo Sordthrce. For culture, &c., refer 
to Soliddgo. 
Euthluaoin . Tellow . 8, H. Her. P. 1^ Missouri 1827 

Brachys^ma, B. Brovm. Derived from bra- 
chySf short, and sema, standard ; tho flowers 
having a very short standard. Linn, 10, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. FdbduxoB. Very handsome climbing 
species, especially B. laiifblia, thriving well 
in an equal mixture of sandy loam and peat ; 
they are increased by layers, or cuttings planted 
in sand, under a glass, in heat, root freely. 
They may also be increased by seeds, which 
are sometimes produced. These plants are 
well suited for training up the columns of 
the conservatory or greenhouse. Synonyme: 
1. B. platpptera. 

acuminata . Bed . . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan B. . 

aph^Ua . . Cr. yeL . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan B. . 1848 
bracteilta. . Crimson. 4, G. Ev. 8. 2) Swan B.. 1843 

Drummdndii Bed . . S, G. Ev. 8. 8 Swan B. . 

hybrid* . . Cn. crea. 3, G. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid. . 

lanceolMa 1 . Crimson. 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan B. . 1851 

latif51ia . . Crimson. 6, G. Ev. CL 8 N Holl . 1803 

plat]h)tera . Crimson. 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 8wan B. . 1844 

specibsa . . Bed . . 5, G. Ev. CI. 3 N. Holl. . 

undulikta . . Green . 3, G. Ev. CL 8 N. & W. . 1820 

villdea . . . Crimson. 3, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan B. . 

BRACHTSTifiLMA, R. Btowii. Named from the 
word brachys, short, and, sUlma, a crown ; 



BRA. 



85 



BRA 



in aUusion to the short coronal processes of 
the flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ascle- 
piaddcecB, Curious plants, growing well In 
sandy loam, and increased by cuttings. 



crlspum . 
tuber^siun 



. Br. yoL 
. Purple 



9, 8. Tu. P. 4 C. G. H. . 1829 
6, 8. Tu. P. li G. G. H. . 1821 



Brachtst&phiuMi De CandolU. From hrcuhys, 
short, and sUphanoa, a crown. Linn, 19, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Asterdcete. See PyrWirum. 

BiULcrKiB, small leaves placed near the calyx, on 
the peduncle or pedicel. 

Bracteate, furnished with bractea. 

BRACTk)iJE, little bractea. 

BrIdleja, Qaertner. In honour of Richard 
Bradly, a professor of botany at Cambridge. 
Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. EuphorUaua. 
Curious nlants, of little interest. They suc- 
ceed in loamy soil, and multiply from cut- 
tings. 

nltida ... Red . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1 B. Ind. . 1820 
slnica . . . Bod . . 7, 8. Et. S. 1 Chins . 181d 

Brakb, or Braken. See Pttria aquiUna. 

Bramble. See Jtikbtu. 

Branching annual stock. See Malcdmia 
maritima. 

BRANDksLA, Mariius. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarani^cecB. Synonymea: 1, Acfvyrdnihea 
eapituliflora. puMrula 1, villdsa. See Achyr- 
diU/ies. 

Brands or Blights. See MucordcecB, 

Bras^nia. See BydropilHs. 

Brabiletto. See Casalplnia BrasUiUo. 

BRASSAy6LA, R Brovm, Named after Antonio 
Musa Brassavola, a noble Venetian, and one of 
the most enlightened botanists of his day. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddcea. The 
plants of this genus are deserving a place in 
every collection of orchldacese, having, when 
in flower, a delightfully fragrant odour. They 
require to be propagated, and otherwise treateci, 
as Stanhdpea. Synonymea : 1, EpicUndrum 
cucullatumf CymHdium eucullAtum ; 2. Oryto- 
pddium iUffana; 3 O. noddsum^ EpidHidrum 
noddaum. 



acahllR . 
Rngii8t&ta 
curaAta . 
cucuU&ta 1 
cuspld&ta 
Digby&na 
A<»uui 2. 
glaoca . . 
gnuidifldra 
Une&ta . 
MvtiAna. 
nodbsaS . 
PdrrinU . 
rettisa. . 
tubercul&ta 



. CrGtun 
, Ysh. gn. . 
. Wht. gn. 
.White . 
.White . 
. Gn. wht. 
.Lilao . . 
. YeUow . 
.White . 
. W. gn-xd. 
.White . 
. Wht gn. 
. Wht. gn. 
. Wht gn- 
. Wht ycL 
. White . 



7, 8. BpL 
6, 8. Eipl. 
6,8. EpL 

6, 8. EpL 

5, 8. EpL 

7, 8. Epl. 

8, 8. EpL 
8,8. EpL 
8, 8. EpL 

6, 8. EpL 
8,8. EpL 
1, 8. EpL 
9,8. EpL 
8. 8. Epi. 
7,8. EpL 
8, 8. EpL 



\ C. Amer. 
1 Demerara 


1849 




1 BfbsU . 




1 W. Ind. . 
{Trinidad 


1790 


1889 


1 Honduras 


1844 


^Antigua. 




1 Vera Gnu 




1 Honduras 


.1888 


1. a Amer. 


.1852 


1 Berbioe. 


.1888 


1^ Janudca 


.1830 


1 Rio Jan. 


.1881 


1 Maracaybo 




i Bnudl . 


.1827 


1 Honduras 


.1889 



BrAssia,* E. Brown. In commemoration of the 
late Mr. Brass, a skilful botanical traveller 
and draughtsman. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchiddcece. This is a flue genus of plants, all 
of which are delightfully fragrant when in 
flower. The flowers are mostly yellowish 
green, spotted with purple. For culture and 
propagation, see Stan?iqpea. Synojiymea: 1, 
EpuUndrum cauddtum, Maldxia eauddia; 2, 



Miltdnia Cloioiaii, OdoTitogldaaum ClowMi; 8, 
B. Wraya. See Heaperoacdrdixvm and Miltdnia. 
angHsta . . Tellow . 10, 8. EpL S| Brazil . . 1839 
artttAta . . YeL br. 8, 8. EpL 1 Guatemala. 1844 
bidena. . . Br. yeL 6, 8. EpL 1 Bnml . . 1842 
9, 8. E^L 2 Guatemala. 1843 
2, 8. BpL 1 W. Ind.. . Ib28 
8, 8. EpL 1 BrasU . . 1644 
4, 8. EpL 1 Demerara . 1834 
8, 8. EpL li Guatemala. 1848 
8, 8. EpL 

1, 8. EpL f 8urinam . 1838 
8, 8. E^L I DemeFora . 1883 
4, 8. EpL 1 BrazU . . 1839 

8, & Epi. 2 Demerara . 183A 

4, & EpL 1 Jamaica . 1806 
8, 8. Epi. I BnusU . . 1844 
4, 8. EpL 1 Peru . . . 1844 
8, 8. EpL 1 Guatemala. 1888 



brachiAta. 
caudiktal. 
Clowteii 2 
cochle&ta . 

SittiLtaS. 
eill&na . 



. Br. yeL 
. G8h.yeL 
.Yah. gr. 
. Br. veL 
. Gr. Dm. 
. Gr. yeL 
. Br. yeL . 
. YBh.8pt 
Green 



▼iridifldra 
LawrencGftna YeL br. 

lGm.br. 



chya 
piUnila 



W. spot 
. Tel. pur. 
. YeL gn. 
. Gn. yel. 



pUi 

PeruTi&na 

verruodaa 

BrAssica, Linn. From breaic, the Celtio same 
of the cabbage. Linn. 16, Or. 2. Nat. Or. 
BraaaicdcMB. In this genus we have the well- 
known cabbage, with its many varieties, and 
many other familiar potherbs and roots. It is 
wonderful to look upon the common cabbace 
{B. olerdeea) with its varieties, and observe the 
exceeding great difference in appearance and 
qualities, particularly when we compare the 
original tjrpes as found on our shores, with 
wavy sea green leaves, tending to no head, and 
flowering like wild mustard or charlock, with 
the cauliflower and red cabbage, &c. As their 
culture is generally well known, we shall dwell 
upon it here aa briefly as possible ; the cabbage 
and its varieties require a very strong rich sou, 
or they will' not come to a good size. The 
turnip also does well only in good rich soil, 
and indeed the whole tribe- thrive best in open 
loamy soil, enriched with manure. They all 
produce an abundance of seeds, which must be 
sown at those periods which experience has 
shown to be the best, for bringing their produce 
to perfection at certain seasons. Synonymea : 
1, B. aempervirena ; 2, Rdphcuitu chnranthU 
fblia ; S, Siapmbrium wUendnum — b<iUarica 1, 
campiatria, o. Ndpo-brdaaica, a. eommitniat 
c nUabdgay c. oUifera, e. pabiUdria, chei- 
ranthifdlia 2, ehdrdnthos, ekininaiaf elongdta, 
Erucdstrum, fruticvZhac^ Gravince, JfelenidTuif 
hUmiliat incdnOj Icemgdla, m/minsi^ montdna, 
Ndpua, N. eaeuUntua, N. dlbtu, N. ftdvua, N, 
nlgricana, oUiferua 2, olerdeea, o. aaparagdidea, 
0. caulifldra, o. commdnia, o. c6nica, o. coa- 
tdta, 0. criapaf o. depriaaa, o, elUptica, o. 
gemmi/^a^ o. mdjor, o. obovdt%f o. ohUnga^ 
0. palmi/dliOf o. quercifoUa, o. ramhaa, o, 
rdbra, o. aabilliea, o. aphdarica-, o. milgdria, 
pinnatifida, polymdrpTui, precox, Paeddo-eru- 
cdalrum, Rdpa^ R. depriaaa, B. obUnga, R. 
oUi/era, repdnda, Richdrii, aiibuldria, Toume" 
fbriii, valeiUina 8, violdcea. See also Erdca, 
Erffaimuitif Erucdria, Moricdndia. 

Bra8SIc1c£JE, a large order of plants usually 
known as Ci-ucifers, including the cabbage, 
raddish, and many other useful and showy 
plants. 

BnAvdA, LaLlave. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Lilidceo!. W. B. Booth, whom Dr. Lindley 
quotes in describing the plant, makes the fol- 
lowing remarks with regard to it : " The plant 



BRA 



86 



BRO 



from which the above description was made, 
was cultivated in the stove, out I have since 
found that others grown in a warm greenhouse 
succeeded equally well, and had their flowers 
(juite as hi^h coloured. They seem to thrive 
in a light rich loam, and not too much water ; 
I suspect it will ripen seeds, and by them be 
easily increased. It is a beautiful bulbous 
plant." Synonyme: 1, Ccetocdpnia gemini- 

gemlniflftra 1 . Red . . 7, G. BL P. 1 Mexico . 1841 
BrAya, Sttmberg. In memory of Count Bray, 
a German botanist Linn. 15, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Braasicacece, Curious minute species, with 
purple flowers. They thrive best in loamy 
soil mixed with a little fibrous peat, and are 
multiplied by seeds. 

alplna . . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. ^ Carinthin 1828 
pildsa . . . Purple 5. H. Ev. & f N. Amer. 1827 

Brazilian bark. See Bemijia. 

Brazilian-mate. See Ilex paraguSiisis. 

Braziletto wood. See Ccesalpinia BrcuUilto. 

Brazilian tea. See Ilex paragu^nsis. 

Brazilian tea. See Stachytdrpheta Jamai- 
c6nais. 

Brazil nuts. See BerthoUUia excdlsa, 

Brazil wooix See Ccesalpinia, 

Bread fruit. Sec A rtocarpus. 

Bread nut. See Bi-dsimum Alicdstrum. 

Bread root. See Psordlea eacuUiUa. 

Bread tree or Brood-boom. See Zhmia 
Cdffra. 

BRBMONTifeRA, Dtc. In memory of M. Bre- 
montier, an agriculturist. Linr^ 17, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. FabdcecB. An ornamental interesting 
plant, thriving in sandy loam, and is multi- 
plied by cuttings in sand, under a glass, in 
neat. 
Ammtfzylon . Purple . 4, a By. B. 8 Mauritius 1826 

Brew^ria, Don. Linn, 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
ConvolvuldoecB. Synonyme: 1, Ipom^sa temi- 
digpna. For culture, &c., see Ipomdscu 
Rorbtirghil 1 . White . 7, 8. Ev. CL 8 B. Ind. . 1826 

BrILzia, Noronha, Named from hrexis, rain ; 
on account of the protection afforded against 
rain by some of the large leaves. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brexiacece. Excellent stove 
plants, with verv beautiful foliage. They all 
grow freely and look well planted in lai^ 
pots, in turfy loam and peat mixed. Cuttings 
take readily in any state, except that the leaves 
must not be moved, planted in sand, under a 
glass, in heat. A bud at the base of an entire 
leaf will strike, and make a young plant, if 
put in a little sand, under a glass, and put in 
the propagating house, 
chiysophjf^lla Qroon . 6, S. Ev. T. 26 Mauritius 1820 

™ riSST*" } <*^®^ • «» ^- *^- T- ^ MadagM. 1812 
' spintea . . Green . 6, 8. Et. T. 25 Madagas. 1812 
BrexiAcea, a small order of trees and shrubs, 

natives of tropical countries. 
Brexiads. See Brexieiceoe. 
BRIANgON MANNA. See XArwj. 
Briar (sweet). See Bdaa rubiginbsa, 
BridJilia, Willdenow. Named after the great 

mnscologist, Professor Bridel. Linn. 23, Or. 1 , 



Nat Or. EupJiorbideecB. Small shrubs or trees, 
with little beauty, and easily cultivated, Sy- 
nonyme: 1, ClUsia acdndens. 
mont&na . . Apetal . d, 8. Ev. T. 25 E. Ind. . 1825 
Bctfndena 1 . Apetal . 8, B. Ev. CL 20 B. Ind. . 1804 
spindea . . Apetal . 6, O. Ev. 8. 4 R Ind. . 1803 

Brido^ia. See Erdlla, Polyachprus, and 
Tripierochrpus. 

Briqnole plums. See Prdnvs, 

Brign6lia, Bertolini. Named in compliment 
to J. L. Brignoli, a professor at Vienna. Linn. 
5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apidcece. A species of 
trifling beauty and easy culture. Synonyme : 
1, Stum slculum^ 
panacifblia 1. White . 7, H. Her. P. 1 SicOy . 1686 

BrillantaIsia, Palis. Derivation not known. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aeanthdcece. A 
genus of showy plants at present little known. 
For culture, see Justieia. 
OwaridnBia . Vio. U. . 6, 8. Ev. a 3 & Leone. 1853 

Brinjals. See Soldnum Melongina, 

Bristles, rigid hairs. 

Bristleworts. See Desvauxideea. 

Bristlt-toothed, bristles like teeth, or with 
the teeth ending each in a bristle. 

British-tobacco. See TussiUgo Pdrfarct, 

Brittleworts. See Liatomdeece, 

BrIza, Linn. Named from ^brizo, to nod, on 
account of the quaking character of the spike- 
lets. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Qramindcece, 
Although mere weeds, some species are pretty 
and interesting, as B. mXncr^ rithra, Vlttsii, 
&c The whole are of easy cultivation. 
OhOl . . . Apetal . . 6, Grass 1 8. Eur. . 1820 
eUitior. . . Apetal . . 7, Grass l\ Greece . 1817 
ffenictUAta . Apetal . . 7, Grass 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
ntimiUs . . Apetal . . 6, Grass I Caucasus. 1825 
miCxima . . Apetal . . 6, Grass ll 8. Eur. . 1633 
mMia . . . Apetal . . 5, Grass It Brit, mead, 
minor. . . Apotal . . 7, Grass | £ng.,oo. fields, 
rllbra . . . Apetal . . 6. Grass 1 8. Eur. . 1820 
vlrcns . . . Apetal . . 6, Grass 1^ Spain . . 1800 

British tea, often made from Elm leaves. 

Broad seed. See Uloapirmum. 

Broocoll See Brdssiea, 

BRODiifeA, Sir J. £. Smith. In honour of James 
J. Brodie, a Scotch Cryptonunist. Linn. 3, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lilihcece. Very curious bulbs, 
with lilac, blue, and white flowers. They may 
be successfully grown in sandv peat, and in- 
creased chiefly by offsets of tne root. Syn- 
onym£8: 1, Hookiria corondria. See Leuco- 
c6ryne. 

alli&cea . . White . 6, H. BL P. 1 CUU . . 1825 
califdmica . Blue . . 6, H. BI. P. 1 California 1848 
congdsta . . Blue . . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 Georgia . 1806 
grandifldral. Blue . . A, F. BL P. 1^ N. Amer. 1806 
ixioldes . . Lilac . . 8, H. BL P. 1 ChiU . . 1821 

Brome-grass. See Brbmus. 

Brom&lia, Linn. So called after Olaus Bromel, 
a Swedish botanist. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
BromelidcecB. This is a genus of very hand- 
some plants, among which the Pine Apple was 
lately included. They are of easy culture pro- 
viding they have a sufficiency of heat, ana are 
potted in good rich open loumy soil, they must 
be watered carefully, that is, giving a good 
suppljr when growing, but in the winter a very 
little is sufficient. The pots should be well 
drained, and as the plants are, like the Pine 



BRO 



87 



BRO 



Apple, sabiect to iigurious attacks of the scale, 
&c., they should be carefiilly looked over and 
washed ; indeed, these plants may be said to 
do best with the treatment successfully applied 
to the Pine Apple. Rope is manufactured 
from a species of the genus in Brazil, called 
Oratodrtha. See ATiandssa and Bilbirgia, 
Ac&Dga . . Pink . 6, S. Her. P. 2 Braril . 1822 
bracte&ta. . Pink . 0, 8. Her. P. 3 Jamaica . 1785 
chr78l[ntha . Blue . 4, S. Her. P. 2 Caraccas . 1810 
crufota . . fiik. w. 8, S. Her. P. 2 Rio Jan. . 1824 
discolor . . Pink . 4, a Bv. a 2 S. Amer. 
ersttdans. . Yellow 10, Epiphy. 2 W. Ind. . 1820 
faatuosa . . Purple 8, S. Her. P. 4 8. Amer. 1815 
htxmilifl . . Pink . 8, 8. Her. P.'l 1789 

Kartltaa . . Pink . 8, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1739 
Ungul&ta . . Tellow 6, 8. Her. P. 1^ 8. Amer. 1759 
longifulia. . Pur.ro. 5, 8' £v. P. 4 OiiiaDa . 1846 
panicullgera. Pink . 5, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1822 
Pfnjruin . . Bed . 8. 8. Her. P. 8 W. Ind. . 1690 
aemiserr&ta . Green. 8, 8. Her. P. 8 8. Amer. 
•e88iU05ra . Pink . 7, 8. Her. P. 8 8. Amer. 1826 
^ylvtetris. . (Mm. . 7, 8. Her. P. 3 a Amer. 1820 

BromeliAck£, an order of stemless or short- 
stemmed plants, often with gay flowers, and 
in some cases, as the pine apple, with excellent 
fruit 

Bromelwobts. See BrorruliacecB, 

Bromhkadia, Lindky. In honour of Sir Ed- 
ward Ffrench Bromhead, Bart. , F. B. S. JAiitu 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orckiddcece, A curious 
plant, in habit like Epidhidrwni dongdium^ 
and requiring similar treatment. Synonyme : 

1, CframmatophpUum Finlaysonidnum. 
palOstris 1 . White . . 5, 8. EpL 2 Singapre. 1843 

Brompton Stock. See MatMola simplidcatUis. 

Br^mus, Linn. So called from iromos, the 
Greek name for a wild oat. Linn. 3, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Oramin^dtcece. The whole are unin- 
teresting, and in point of culture simply 
managed. Synonymes: 1, FestUca gigdntea; 

2, F. trifldra^AlopecilkruSy alttssim/us, arvinsiSy 
dsper, austrdUis, BiehersUinii^ cilidtus, eommu- 
tdlu8f eonftrtui^ elongdtus, erkius, festucoldeSf 
Oaudinif giganiius 1, 0. longifbliua^ G. iri- 
fj&ru8 2, glaHciLSf hirautissimus, Mmiiis, jubd- 
tiis, laTiceoldius, lanttgindsus^ Idxus, ligdstieus, 
longifidruSy madriUnsis, mdximuSf mdllis, rmU- 
tij&rus, parvijidnis, penduliniiSf pUbsus, ^a- 
UnsiSf piibiscenSf p&rgans, rcuxmdsa, ligidvs^ 
tcahirritrvusj Schradtri, scopdriuSf aecallnus, 
sqtiarrdsusj stenophplltts, sUriliSj tectdru7Hf tdr- 
tiliSf variegdtusj veliUinus, vestitu8f volg&nsis; 
Willdendvii. See £rachyp6diuin, Bostrdria, 
Trichdtia. 

BrononijLrtia, Huinb. Bonpl. and Kunth. In 
honour of M. Adolphe Brongniart, a French 
botanist Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat Or. Fabacea. 
B. podalyrioUU8 has tine, flesh-coloured 
flowers. It is cultivated best in loam and peat, 
with a little sand ; and increased by cuttings 
in sand, in heat, under a glass, 
podolyrioldes Flesh . 9, G. £v. 8. 1 N. 8pain . 1827 
aerfcea . . Piui)lo . 9, 8. £v. 8. 1 Mexico . . 1848 

Brood-boom. See Zdmia Cdffra. 
Brook-bban. See Menydnthes trifolidta. 
Brook-lime. See Ver6niea BecceUrtinga. 
Brook weed. See Sdmclus. 
Broom. See Cptisus, Ligeum^ Spdrtium. 
Broom-ctfress. See Kdchia. 



Broom-rape. See Orobdnene. 

Br6simum, Swariz. Named from hro9imo3f good 
to eat ; in allusion to the eatable fruit Linn, 
23, Or. 2, Nat Or. Artocarpdcece. Alicdstrum 
is common in the woods of Jamaica; the tim- 
ber is not despicable, but the leaves and young 
branches are more useful, and a hearty fatten- 
ing fodder for all sorts of cattle. The fruit, 
boiled with salt fish, pork, or beef, or pickle, 
has frequently been the support of the negroes 
and poorer sorts of white people in times of 
scarcity, and proved a wholesome and not un- 
pleasant food ; when roasted, it eats something 
like our common chestnut, and is called bread- 
nut. The leaves and youn^ shoots are full of 
gum, which renders them disagreeable to most 
cattle at first ; but they soon grow ver^ fond of 
them. B» spurium is also conimon m woods 
in the W. Indies ; but its timber is of little 
value. In our stoves all the species thrive 
well in loamy soil, and old cuttings with their 
leaves on, root in sand, in moist heat. 
AUclKdtrum . Apetal . 5, 8. Bv. 8. Jamaica . 1776 
microc&rpum Apetal . 5, 8. £v. 8. 6 Jamaica . 1828 
sphrium . . Apetal . 6, 8. £▼. a 6 Jamaica . 1739 

Bross.^ Linn. Named after 6ui do la Brosse, 
physician to Louis XIII. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. VacdniacecB. This plant is a shrub, almost 
like a cistus, with scarlet flowers half an inch 
long. It will grow in sandv peaty 8oil, and is 
raised from cuttings in sand, 
ooccfnea . Scarlet . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 8. Amer. . 

Br6tera, Wild. So called, in memory of Felix 
A. Brotero, a Portuguese botanist, and pro- 
fessor at Coimbra. Linn. 19, Or. 5, Nat. Or. 
Asterdcea. An interesting plant, with blue 
flowers, grows in loam, mixed with peat and 
propagates by dividing the roots. Synonyme : 
1, Onobroma eorymbbsa. See Nauemb&rgia, 
and Pentdpeles. 
coT7mb68a . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1640 

Brouoht5nia, Brown. In honour of Mr. 
Arthur Broughton, an English botanist. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchiddcecs. The species are 
all very desirable plants, producing their fine 
flowers in terminal racemes. They require a 
free supply of water when in a growing state. 
For culture and propagation, see Stanhdpea. 
Synonymes: 1, LcBliSpsia Domingifnsia ; 2, 
Dendrbbiwm sanguineum^ Bpidindrum aan- 
guineumf Broughtonia lUae^na. See CaUkya, 
ahrea . . . TeL red . 8, S. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1836 
coccfnea 1 . Scarlet . . 4, 8. Epi. 1^ S. Domin. 1848 
nitida . . . Red . . . 6, a Epi. ll B. Ind. . 1824 
aangufnea 2 . Crimson . 8, a EpL It Jamaica . 1798 

Brousson^ia, Ventenat. In compliment to 
P. N. y. Broussonet a French naturalist and 
traveller. Linn. 22, Or. 4, Nat Or. Mordcecs. 
Ornamental and fast-growing fruit trees, with 
larffe, various-shaped leaves, which diflFer in the 
male and female plants, so much as not to be 
easily distinguished one from the other. The 
fruit is no larger than peas ; and in China and 
Japan B. paj^fera is cultivated for the sake 
of its young shoots, which are used in the 
same manner as osiers here ; the outer bark, 
when separated from the wood and inner bark, 



BRO 



88 



BRU 



■will make tolerably good paper. The juice is 
also used in China as glue in gilding leather 
and paper. From the bark of this tree is made 
the finest and whitest doth, worn by the 
highest ranks in Otaheite and the Sandwich 
Islands. The cloth (rf the bread-fruit tree is 
inferior in whiteness and softness to it, conse- 
quently worn by the commoner people. They 
grow in any open soil, and increase readily by 
cuttings. Synonyrrus: 1, Mdraa papyri/era ; 
2, B. spaihuldta, B. naviculdris. See Mac- 
Ura. 

papyrlferal . Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 Japan . 1751 

cucull&ta2. Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 Fnmoe . 1824 

frfictu iQbo. Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 Japan . 

spatuUta. . Apetal . 2, H. De. T. ]2 Japan . 1824 

BkowAllia, Linn, Named in honour of J. 
Browallius, bishop of Abo. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. ScrophularieteecB, Very handsome 
plants, on account of their blue and white 
flowers. They are easily cultivated in common 
soil, if sandy, much the better, and increased 
by seeds. Synonymt : 1, B. Iddea. 
abbrevULta . Blue . . 6, O. A. 1^ 
demfsaa . . Blue . . 8, O. A. f B. Amor. 1786 
eUta . . . Blue . . 8, O. A. 1 Peru . . 1768 
elong&ta 1 . Blu. wht 7, O. A. 1^ 
grandlfl6ra . Lilac . . 7, G. A. 2 Peru . . 1829 
Janiee6ni . Orange . 6, G. Er. 8. 4 N. Gren. 1847 
specibsa . . Purple . 6, G. A. 2 Tollma . 1847 
^iBciwa . .Purple . 6, G. A. IJ 

Br5wnba, WUd. In memory of Dr. Patrick 
Browne. Linn, 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. PabdLCMe. 
This, though rare in our collections, is a splen- 
did genus. The species succeed in sandy loam 
and peat, if the pots be well drained, and the 
soil carefully watered, particularljr in winter. 
Cuttings of the ripe wood planted m sand, in a 
moist heat under a glass, may be brought to 
root. Synonymt : 1, B. speeidsa, 
Arlsa . . . Red . . 6, 8. Ev. T. 80 Bogota . 1848 
cocc(nea . . Scarlet . 7, 8. Er. 8. 6 W. Ind. . 1798 
er6cta . . . Scarlet . 7. 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Amer. 
grtEndlcepa . Red . . 6, 8. 'Ev. 8 « Caraccos . 1829 
latifdlJa . . Scarlet . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Trinidad. 1824 
racemdoa . . Rose . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Cnraccas . 1826 
r^sea 1 . . Scarlet . 7, 8. Ev. & 8 Trinidad. 1820 

Brown-ouh TREE. See Eucalpptus rob&sta, 
Brownl6wia, Boxburgh. In compliment to the 
late lady Brownlow, daughter of Sir A. Hume. 
Linn, 18, Or. 1, Nat. Or. THliduxas, A large, 
tall-bowing tree, of considerable beauty, 
thriving in a sandy, loamy soil, and increased 
by cuttings without difficulty, 
el&ta . . . Tellow . 6, a Ev. T. 60 E. lad. . 1880 
BRtrcEA, L. Heritier. In memory of J. Bruce, 
the traveller in Abyssinia. Linn. 12, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. XantJioQsyldcecB. Evergreen ornamen- 
tal shrubs, thriving in an open loamy soil, 
mixed with a little peat ; and propagated from 
half or wholly ripened cuttings, in sand or soil, 
under glass. See Tetrddium. 
femigfnea . Green . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Abyssinia 1775 
gr&;ilifl . . Yel. gm. 6, S. Ev. 8. 6 E Ind. . 1820 
Bumatrina . Green . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 E. Ind. . 1820 

3ru6mAn8IA, Persoon. Named in honour of 
Professor S. J. Brugmans. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Solanh'^ea. The species of this genus 
are among the greatest ornaments of our con- 



servatories ; B. arh&rea in particular ; tliis 
species never thrives well but when planted out 
in a border, and must be plentifiilly watered, 
allowing plenty of room for the branches ; thus 
treated, the number, size, and fine white 
colour of the flowers will be surprising. All 
the species are great feeders, and reauire good 
soil, and a deal of room to grow tliem hue. 
They are easily propagated from cuttings ; or 
the eyes taken off like vines, and put in good 
soil in heat, will strike readily. Synanymes : 
1, saTiguinea; 2, Latilra arborea; 8, A ar- 
h&rea, B. Gardm^ri ; 4, DatHra comigera. See 
Juanullda. 

blcolor 1 . . Dk. red . 8, G. Ev. 8. 20 Peru . . 1838 
ctodlda 2 . White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 10 Peru . . 1813 
comigera 4 . White . 8, G. Ev. S. 
floribOnda . Orange . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 8. Amer. 1838 
Knlghtii . . White . G. Ev. 8. 
BuavtelensS. White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 15 Peru . . 1733 
fljkva. . . Sulphur. 8, 8. Ev. T. 15 gardens 

Waym^ . W. pur. . 6, 8. Ev. T. 4 & Amer. 1827 

BRUNiAcEfi, a small order of plants growing 
like heaths, principally natives of the Cape of 
Good Hope. . 

BRtiNiA, Linn. In memory of Cornelius Brun, 
a traveller in the Levant and Russia. Linn, 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. BrunidcecR. This, observes 
Mr. Sweet, is a pretty Cape genus ; its species 
are little bushy shrubs, with heath-like leaves, 
and are hansomest while young. The flowers 
are not so showy as in many other genera, but 
some of them are very elegant. A sandy peat 
soil suits them best, with a moderate supply of 
water ; young cuttings, planted in sand under 
a bell-glass, strike root freely. — Bot. OulL 163. 
See Berdrdia, Berz^lia, Raspdlia, Stadvia, 
abrotanoldes. White . 6. G. Ev. 8. 1| C. G. H. . 1787 
alopecuroldea White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
orochnoldoa . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1820 
clU&ta . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1812 
comftsa. . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1820 
dohsta . . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 
degonfl . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 G. G. H. . 1817 
ericoldes . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1804 
fonnbsa . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1817 
fragarioldes . White . 6, G. Ev. 8 1 C. G. H. . 1794 
globbaa . . White . 7, G. Ev. & 2 C. G. H. . 1816 
hinHtn . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1820 
lAvia . . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1822 
lanugintea . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
Uxa . . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1805 
mocroo^hala White . 6, G. Ev. 8.. 8 C. G. H. . 1816 
macroph^Ua . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1815 
microph^lU . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1804 
nodlflbra . . White . 7, G. Ev. a 4 C. G. H. . 1786 
pale&cea . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1701 
phylicoldes . White . 6. G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1806 
plumdBtt . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. a . 1824 
squarrtMa . . White . 7. G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. U. 41820 
Bup(Srba . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1791 
verticillAta . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1794 

Bruniads. See Brunidcea. 

BrunmIchia, Banks, Named in memory of one 
F. Brunnich, a Danish naturalist. Linn. 10, 
Or. 8, Nat. Or. Polygondceat. An evergreen 
climber, of some merit ; it grows readily in a 
loamy soil, and roots freely from cuttings, 
clrrhdsa . . Pink . 7, G. Ev. CL 6 Carolina . 1787 

BRUNbNiA, Smith, Named in compliment to 
Robert Brown, Esq., D.C.L., &c., Ac. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Brunoniacece. A most 
interesting fragrant perennial ; for the growth 



BRU 



89 



BRT 



of which, a frame or cool greenhouse is recani> 

mended. 

aurtrillB . . Blue . 5, H. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1884 

Brumoni^cks, a very small order, consisting 
of only one genus of small herbaceous plants. 

Brunoniadb. See BrunonidusecB. 

Brunsfj^usia, Linn. In memory of Oiho Bruns- 
fels, of Mentz, a Carthusian monk and physi- 
cian. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scrophula- 
ridcecB, Handsome -growing, line -flowering 
shrubs, with neat foliage, and show^ white or 
purple flowers. They succeed well in a good 
rich soil ; and cuttings root readily in sand 
or soil under a glass, in heat. See Fran- 
dscea. 

amerlc&na . Pa. yoL . 6, 8. Br. a 4 W. Ind. . 1786 

angustifftUa Phl yeL . 7, a Et. 8. 4 W. Ind. . 

latifblia . . Pa. yeL .6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 W. Ind. . 

mont&na . . White . . 7, 8. Ev. & 4 8. Amer. 1820 

nltida . . . Pa. yel. . 6, 8. Er. a 4 W. Ind. . 1840 

Jamoio^nsu YeUow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Jamaica . 1844 

imdul4ta . . White . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Jamaica . 1780 

violAoea . . Livid . . 7, 8. Ev. a 4 W. Ind. . 1816 

BRUNSvfGiA, Ker. So called in honour of the 
family of Brunswick. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. AmaryllicUUxcB, Tliis is a beautifiil genus 
of bulbous plants ; " some of the bulbs grow 
to a great size, and require large pots to 
have them flower in perfection ; or if planted 
out in the open borders in spring, there 
will be a better chance of their flowering ; 
taking the bulbs up again in autumn, and- 
keeping them through the winter ; or the best 
way to succeed weU with them is to have a 
pit built on purpose, so as to be occasiondlv 
covered with the lights to keep off too much 
wet, and to be covered close in severe wea- 
ther, as they cannot bear the frost ; the mould 
must be made for them of full one-third sand, 
more than one-third of turfy loam, and the 
rest peat ; all well mixed together, but not 
chopped too small, as the roots run better 
through it for being rough and hollow ; when 
in full growth and in flower they require a fre- 
quent supply of water, but none while dor- 
mant ; all tne greenhouse species of Amar$l- 
lidacax will succeed best in this way." Bot. 
Cult. 180. Synonymes: 1, HaemdaUkus cili- 
dris ; 2, Ammdcharis oordnica; 8, Amarplli$ 
cordnica, pdllida; 4, distichay Buphdne dis- 
ticha; 5, Amm66hari8 falcdla; 6, Amarj^llis 
laiicdfMLj Ner^fM laticdma ; 7, Amarpllis orien- 
tdlia; 8, Eocmdnthiu toxicdrius. 
ciliAris 1 . . Black . 8, O. BL P. 1 C. O. H. . 1762 
oor&nica 2 . Pink . 9, O. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1815 
pdlida 8 . Pale. . 9, G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1826 
dlsticha 4 . Red . . 6, G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 18SS 
lalc&ta 5 . . Red . . 6, G. BL P. { C. G. H. . 1774 
grandifl6ra . Pink . 8, G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1827 
JoMphlnaB . 8car]et . 7. G. BL P. 1^ C. G. H. . 1814 
minor . . 8carlet . 7, G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1814 
stTi&ta . . 8carlot . 7, Q. BL P. 1| C. G. H. . 1823 
rnddae . . Pink . 8. G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1818 
margin&ta . Scarlet . 9, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
minor . . . Pink . 7. G. BL P. £ C. G. H. . 1822 
multifl6ra 7 . Rod . . 7, G. BL P. 1 C. G. H. . 1762 
rtSduIa. . . Red . . 6, G. BL P. | C. G. H. . 1790 
stri&ta . . Pink . 7, G. Bl. P. I C. G. H. . 1823 
toxic&riaS . Pink . 10, G. BL P. 1 C. O. H. . 1774 

Brusseus Sprouts. See Brdssica olerdcea, v. 
imliata. 



Bruti. See Mauritia vinifera. 

BrVa, Broitm. From the word hryOf to sprout ; 
so named on account of the germination of the 
seed commencing while on the plant Idnn. 
16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Pahduouz. Tallish ever- 
green ornamental shrubs, succeeding well in 
very rich soil, and increased readily by cut- 
tings or seed in heat. Synonymes: 1, Amer- 
imnum ISbenus, B. arhoriscens. 
£bonu8 1 . . YoL gm. 7, a Ev. 8. 10 Jamaica . 1718 
LeonAuia . TeL gm. 7, 8. Sv. 8. 10 a Leone. 1824 

BrtAces, a laige order of flowerless plants 
known as Urn Mosses. 

BrtIitthus, Don. From hryo, to sprout, and 
arUhuSy a flower. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Bricdeea. Fine dwarf shrubs, growing best in 
rituations where the sun never shines, although 
they will not grow under the drip of trees ; m 
damp shady jilaces, however, they thrive well 
in common soil, and are increased, by cuttings, 
ertetus . . Bed . . 4, H. Ev. S. 1 Hybrid . 

BRr6Binv, LindUy. Name not explained. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchidduxce. A 
plant of no beauty, and very easy culture, 
pubdecens . Green . . 10, a EpL | K Ind. . 1830 

Brt6nia, Idnn. Named in allusion to the quick 
growth of the stems, from bryo, to sprout 
Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Cucurbitacece. Strag- 
gling plants of little interest, and easy culture. 
" The root of Brydnia is powerfully purgative, 
but if properly cooked, oecomes wnolesome ; 
those of ^. roslrdtta are used in India internally, 
in electuary, in cases of piles, it is also used in 
the form of powder as a demulcent ; B. cordi- 
fblia is cooling, and useful in expectorants. 
The root of B. epigdM was once considered to 
be the esteemed Calomba Root, on account of 
its nearness in quality. The young shoots and 
leaves of B. scdibra, after roastmg, are aperient 
— a/richna, dlba^ corddta^ erotica, dioieay dis- 
$6cta, divisa^ epigdut^ fieifilia^ JUifirmis, Gdr^ 
cinif grdndis, lacinidsaj laUbrdsa, nUidaf pal- 
mdtay pinnatlfidaj quinqueldha, acibra, KOf 
briUOf tenilkLf trilobdtay verruedstt. 

Bryony. See Bryonia. 

Bryoph^llum, Salisbury. So named from 
bryOy to grow, and phylUm, a leaf ; in reference 
to the circumstance of the leaf when laid upon 
damp earth emitting roots, whence arise young 
plants. Linn. 8, Or. 4, Nat Or. CrassuMuxa. 
These curious plants require veir little water, 
and the pots to be well drained ; they flower 
best when plunged in a bottom heat ; rich 
loamy soil suits them welL Synonyms: 1, 
Cotyledon calydnum. 

calyclnuml. Gm. pur. 6, 8. Ev. a 2 R Ind. . 1800 
proUforum . Gr. red . 0, a Ev. a 2 Madagas. 1858 

Bry6psis, Agardh. The little branches re- 
semble moss ; hence the name bryon, moss, 
and opsiSf resemblance. Linn. 24, Or. 7, 
Nat. Or. FtLcaum. Interesting marine pro- 
ductions, growing in flne feathery tufts — com/' 
pdsiiOf pluTndsat hypnoidet. 

Br^um, Hcdwig. Named from bryo^ to abound ; 
aboimding in great plenty. Linn. 24, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. BrydcecB. Dwarf species, generally 



BUB 



90 



BUL 



found growing in wet places. B, triquUrum 
has been only met with upon the border of 
8om<) lakes in the north of Ireland. Sytumy- 
meg : 1, Afnium (vndrdgyn'um : % Brdum sUl- 
Idre; Z, compdctum; i, aAreum; 5, nigricans; 6, 
Unum^cubiUUe — aff\n6^ dlbicans, alplnum, an- 
drdgyntim 1, aqitdiicm/if arghUeum, casapitUiuan, 
C. mAjtUf C. minor, capilldre 2, cdmeuTn, crU- 
dunif citspiddiuiTi, dea&aium, d&misawm^ ehm- 
gdtumf himumf iultUseumt Hguldtunif Luduigii, 
Tnargindtunij niUans S, pdUatre^ punUaivm,^ 
pyrifhrmt i, rdaeum, rostrbtum^ Tdzerit tri- 
chddes, triqtUtrum, turHndtum 5, veiUriiAsum 
6f Zitrii, See Barirdmiaf Didpmodan, En- 
ccUppta, Weissia. 
BtBON, Linn, Named from boubon^ signifying 
the groin ; in allusion to its medicinal quali- 
ties. Lvm. 5, Or. 2, Nat Or. ApiacecB. 
Curious plants, of little beauty, and easy cul- 
tivation. Synonynus : 1, Settnum gdlhanvm : 
% Firula Icevigdta, See Athamdnta, FirulOf 
and Siselu 

gtflbantim 1 . Tol. gm. 7, O. Ev. S. 6 C. O. H. . 1596 
ffummfferum Pa. yeL . 7, 0- «▼• S- « C. G. H. . 1731 



Bvig&tum2. Yellow . 8, O. Br. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1774 
rtgidum . . Pink . . fl, H.Her.P. S Bldly . 1710 

«H™™^" }pixik . . 6, H. B. 5 Crimea . 1804 



ferum j * 



BirB6NiuM. See Inula, 

BuBRbMA. See OuazOma. 

Bt^cco. See AgathSsma. 

BtCERAB. See BOcida. 

BuchanJLkia, Roxburgh, Named in honour of 
F. Buchanan, now Hamilton, M.D. Linn. 10, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. AnacardideeoB, Fruit-bearing 
trees of no particular value ; they grow well in 
light loamy soil ; and cuttings root in sand, 
under a glass, in heat. Synonynus: 1, Ma/n.- 
gifera axillaris^ Spindias axilldris. 
ODRUstlf^tUal White . 5, a Ev. T. SO E. Ind. . 1820 
latlf51ia . . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 30 E. Ind. . 1820 

BncHNkRA, Linn, After J. G. Buchner, a Ger- 
man naturalist. Linn, 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
Serophulan'dcecB, Species of little interest ; 
they grow in loamy soil, and are increased by 
seeds. Synonynus: 1, bifibra ; 2, ManiUea 
viscosa, Sphendndra vischsa. See Man'Ulea, 
ameriduia . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 11 N. Amer. 17S8 
cuneifdllA .Bed . 0, G. Ev. 8. l| C. G. H. . 1681 
urticKfdlial. Blue . 0, G. Her. P. 1 Australia 1824 
viacbsa 2 . .Bed . 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1778 
hispida, 

Buch6lzia. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ama- 
rantdceoe. See A Uemanthera, 

BuCHU. See IH6sma {Bar^ama) crenitta, 

BtciDA, Li7in. Named from bous^ an ox ; the 
firuit being like an ox's horn. Linn, 10, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. Combreidcece, A fine tree, of con- 
siderable value on account of its useful quali- 
ties ; it grows best in loam and peat ; and 
ripened cuttings planted in sand, and plunged 
in heat, under a glass, root readily. Tne bark 
is greatly esteemed by the tanners, and is 
known by the name of Olive-bark. 
Bticenu . . TeL wht 8, S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1793 

Buck beak. See MenydnOus trifblidta, 

BucKBE. See Didsma, 



BacK-ETB CBESTNUT. See J^sculus ofiio- 

thms. 
Buckler mustard. See BiseuUUa, 
Buck's horn. See Lobelia coronopifolia. 
Buckthorn. See Bhdmnus cathdrtictis. 
Bucku-amela. See Bhiis Amila, 
Buck wheat. See Fagopprum escuUntwm. 
Buckwheat tree. See Mylocaryum. 
Bud, the flower, or leaves before expansion, are 

said to be in the bud. 
B^dlea, Linn, In memory of Adam Buddie, 
an English botanist Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
ScrophularidcecB. A genus of very handsome 
shrubs, especially B. globosa, which flowers 
freely in the open air of Britain, providing it 
has a wann situation ; one against a south wall 
is best B, Nehnda is one of the most beau- 
tiful plants of India, bearing a profusion of 
handsome white flowers. They aelight in a 
loamy soil, mixed with a little peat, and young 
plants are obtained by layering the branches, 
or JTom cuttings, which root in sandy mould 
without difficulty. 

americ&na . Yellow 8, S. Et. S. 10 Mexico . 1826 
braifllenBU . Orange 4, 8. Ev. 8. 8 BrazQ . 18*ii 
ColTfllei . . Orange 5, G. Ev. 8. 8 Gardens 
oonn&ta . . Orange 6, & Bt. & 6 Peni . . 182A 
crfapa ... Pa. vlo. 4, G. Ev. 8. 14 Himalaya 1854 
diversif&lia . Bed . 4. 8. Ev. 8. 6 Java . . 1833 

flobbea . . Orange 6, H. Ev. 8. 15 ChUe . . 1774 
eteronh^lla YeUow 5, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. 1826 
LindleyAna . Violet . 0, G. Ev. & 6 China. . 1814 

™;^J**-lOr. cre.8,8. Ev. 8. 2 Madeira . 1824 

Netenda . . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 16 Nepal. . 1824 

occident&lia . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. Peru . . 1730 

panicul&ta . White . 3, 8. Ev. 8. 12 Nepal. . 1828 

oalicifbUa . . White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. 1828 

sallgna . . White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. . 1816 

aah^Ua . . Grim. . 8, G. Ev. & 2^ C. G. H. . 1760 

thynoldoa . Yellow 8. Ev. 8. 4 8. Amer. 1823 

BuDRtJNGA. See Xanth6xylon, 

Buffalo clover. See Trifblium pennsylrd- 
nicum. 

Buff6nia, WHd, Named after Count de Buf- 
fon, the noted naturalist Linn, 4, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. AlsindcecB, Dwarf curious species, of easy 
culture. Synonyme: 1, B, dnnua, 
pertonis . . White . 6, H. Her. P. } France . 1817 
tenuifdlia 1 . White . 6, H. A. { Eng., sea eoa. 

BuoiNvfLLBA, Commerson, Named after De 
Bougainville, a French navigator. Linn, 8, 
Or. 8, Nat Or. NyctagindcecR, A showy ever- 
green climber, succeeding in loam, and in- 
creased by cuttings. Synonynus: 1, glabra^ 
viriscens, pomdceoj peruvidna, Jos^ha Au- 
g&sia, 
specttfbais 1 Pink yeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 16 8. Amer . 1839 

BUOLB. See AJUga, 

BuoLOSS. See Anchhsa. 

BuGWORT. See Cimidjuga, 

BuKKUM WOOD. See Casdlpinia Sdppan. 

Bulbiferous, bulb-be«ring. 

BulbInb, Wild, From bolbos, a bulb. Linn, 6, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. Lilideeoi, The species are 
showy, fra^nt, and of easy culture ; and in- 
crease rapidly by cuttings. Synonymes: 1, 
Anthericum annuum ; 2, bulb^sum ; S, aspfio- 
deloides; 4, hispidum; 5, lati/olium; 6, n^ 



BUL 



91 



BUN 



tans; 7, prcemdrsum; 8, acabrum; 9, semibar- 
bdium ; 10, tHquitrum. 

aloldes . . TeUow 6, G. Her. F. 1 C. 6. H. . 17S2 
Ibmua 1 . . TeUow 5, H. Her. A. f G. 6. H. . 1731 

"5^**!°^" }'»Wt«- 7, F. Her. P. 2 C. O. H. . 1769 
.Yellow 6, G. Bu. P. 1 
. YeUow 11, H. BL P. 1 
. YoUow 6, G. Her. P. 2 
. Yel. gr. 0, G. BL P. 1 
. YeUow 6, G. Bv. 8. \k C. G. H . 1702 
. White . 5, G. BL P. \i Chile . . 1828 
. Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C, G. H. 
. White . 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 
. White. 7, G. Her. P. Ij C. G. H. 
_ . . Yellow % G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 

"SSo^ee 1 Yellow 6, G. Her.P. J C. G. H. 
. YeUow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 




N. Holl. . 1820 
0. G. H. . 1823 
C. G. H. . 1823 
C. G. H. . 1830 



1824 
1774 
1812 
1759 

.1822 



ndtans 6 



, 1820 



preemdraa 7 . YeUow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1818 

pugionifdnnlfl YeUow 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1793 

roati*ta . . YeUow 6, G. Et. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 

msSbn. 8 . . YeUow 6, G. Her. P. 1 G. G. H. . 1826 

eemibarbjkta 9 YeUow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 

0U&Ti8 . . . YeUow 5, G. Er. 8. 1 N. HoU. . 1836 

triquftra 10 . YeUow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1826 

BuLBOcXsTANUM. See Bunium. 

BuLBOCHilrrE, Agardh. Named in reference to 
the stiff bristly end of the primary filaments, 
from bolboSf bulb, and chaiie, bristles. Linn, 
24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Fucdcece. Foimd in au- 
tumn in delicate tufts about lakes and rivers 
— aeiigera, 

BuLBOC^DiUM, Willd. Named from Intlbos, 
bulb, and kodioTi^ wool ; the bulb being 
wrapped in a woolly covering. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat Or. MdantMceoi, Very beautiful 
dwarf species, worthy of carefiil cultivation ; 
they grow best in sandy loam and peat ; and 
young plants are obtained from the roots. 
Synonytne : 1, Cdlchicum versicolor. See Me- 
reiuUra, 

v^mum . . Purple . 3, H. BL P. i 8pa{n . .1629 
▼orsfcolor 1 . Purple . 8, H. BL P. i Crimea . 1820 

BuLBOcbDJUM. See Narcissus Bulbocddium, 
BuLBOST^Lis, J>e Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asterdceas, Synonymes : 1, Bupa- 
idrium squarrdsum ; 2, B. veronkcoefolium, 
CayaniUteii 1 Purple . 8, 8 Her. P. 4 Mexico . 1327 
p^ndula . . Yellow. 8, 8. Ev. 8.1 Mexico. 1832 
▼eroiiic8Bf5Ual White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1^ Mexico . 1826 

Bulbs, under-ground buds, resembling roots, 

and consisting of numerous fleshy scales, placed 

one over the other. 
BuloAria, Fries. The species assume some- 

tliing the form of a bag ; nence the name from 

Jmlga^ a leather bag. Linn, 24, Or. 9, Nat. 

Or. HelvellhcecB. Minute species, frequent 

upon dead oaks and other decaying trees — In- 

quiruinSt sarcoides. 
Bullace-trek See Prdnus insiiUia. 
BuLLATE, garnished with studs, like bubbles. 
BuLLET-QRAFB. See VUis rotundifhlia, 
BuLLET-TREB. See Afimiisops. 
BuLL-ORAPB. See VUis rotundi/blia, 
BuixiArda, Dec, In memory of M. Bulliard, a 

French botanist. Idnn. 4, Or. 3, Nat Or. 

CrassuldcecB. Curious little annusd aquatics. 

The soil suitable is loam and peat ; increase is 

by seeds. 



aqutftica 
YalUintU 



White 
White 



. 7,H. 
. 7, H. 



\ 8. Europe 
f 8. Europe 



BuLLY-TREE. See MimHsops and BunUlia, 

Bulrushes. See Tppha. 

Bulrush worts. See Typhduxas, 

BumIlda, Thunberg. In memory of J. A. do 
Bumalda, a botanist of Bologna. Ldnn. 5, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Staphyledceoe. A curious ever- 
green, with little to recommend it ; any com- 
mon soil suits it ; seeds. Synonyms: 1, Sta- 
phi/lea Bumdlda, 
trif6Ua . . Green . 8, G. Ev. a 2 Japan . . 1812 

Bum kLiA, Stcartz. The Greeks gave this name 
to the common ash. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Sapotdcece. These are plants of grand foliage, 
but no great beauty of blossom. Some of the 
species are robust enou^^h to bear our winters 
in the open air, but being rather tender, they 
require to be placed in a sheltered situation, or 
against a warm wall, and covered with mats 
during winter; cuttings root in sand, under 
a glass. The stove species are low W. Indian 
trees, and known there under the name of 
bully-tree. They thrive well in loamy soil, 
or loam and peat ; and cuttings will root, but 
not freely, in sand under a hand-glass, being 
well ripened before they are taken off. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Sider6xylon lycioldes; 2, Chryso- 
phplium Tnacrophplliim ; 8, Achras soUidfilia ; 
4, Siderdxylon strig^sum ; 5, 8, Umasc, 

borb6nica . White . 8, 8. Ev. T. 20 Bourbon. 1825 

cuneilta . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 10 W. Ind. . 1823 

foetidlaaima . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1820 

lanugindsa . White . 8, H. De. 8. 6 Carolina. 1806 

lycioldes 1 . White . 6, H. De. 8. 10 N. Amer. 1768 

nerv6aa 2 . White . 8, 8. Ev. T. SO Guiana . 1820 

nigra . . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 25 W. Ind. . 180fl 

oblongifdUa . White . 7, H. De. 8. 10 N. Amer. 1818 

recUn&ta . . White . 8» H. De. 8. 4 CaroUna . 1800 

rotundif6Ua . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 

aalidfdUa 8 . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Amer. 1758 

serrJkta . . White . 6, H. De. 8. 10 Mkwouri. 1812 

Btiigbsa 4 . White . 7, F. Ev. T. 26 N. Amer. 1818 

t&iax 5 . . White . 7. H De. T. 16 Carniola . 17AS 

Bunch6sia, Jussieu. From hmchoSf coffee ; 
the seeds resembling that article. Linn. 10, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Malpighidcece, A genus of 
ornamental tallish shrubs ; they thrive best in 
a mixture of loam, peat, and sand ; cuttings 
of the ripe wood root very well in sand, in 
heat, under a glass. Synonymes : 1, Malpighia 
oaniscens ; 2, M. glandiUifera; 8, M. glandu- 
le ; 4, M. midia ; 5, M. nUida ; 6, M, poly- 
stdchya; 7. M. tubcrculdta. 
argtfntea . . TeUow . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Caraocu . 1810 
candsceDR 1 . YeUow . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1742 
cumanfosis . Yellow . 0, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Cumaua . 1820 
glanduUfera 2 Yellow . 4, & Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1806 
glandulbea 8 . YeUow . 4, 8. Ev. 8 10 W. Ind. . 1804 
mMia 4 . . YeUow . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1790 
nitida 6 . . Red . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 10 8. Domin. 1800 
odoriita . . YeUow . 7, & Ev. 8. 10 Carfhag. . 1806 
panlcol&ta . Purple . 6, 8. Ev. & 10 Jamaica . 1820 
poly8ttfchya6 Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1806 
tuhercuUkta 7. YeUow . 6, a Ev. 8. 4^ Caraoow. 1806 

BtKiAS, Linn, Bunios, a hill ; alluding to the 
habitation. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassi- 
cduxce. Hardy annuals, of no interest— <isp«ra, 
Bruedgo, orierUdUis, See BucUditianf Muri- 
edtriaf Octhbdirmi, 

BtrNiUM, Lifm. Same as Bunias, Linn. 5, 
Or. 2, Nat Or. Apidcece, Mere weeds of the 
simplest culture. Synonymes: \,Jlexu6sum; 



BUO 



92 



BUR^ 



2, InUbocdstanum — amrruMeslf hdhocdstanum^ 
jkxwbsum 2, 'pyrtnjdewm^ See Ammiy Conopo- 
diuiTif SiufHf Trachysphmumf Wallrdthia. 

BuonafA.rtea. See lAUcea. 

BuphAne, Her, Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarylliddcece. See Brunsviffia. 

BuPLBtrRUM, Linn. Not satisfactorily ex- 
plained. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apidceoe. 
A very natural and remarkable genus, on ac- 
count of the leaves being for the most part 
quite entire. They succeed in any common 
soil. The annual species merely require sowing 
in the open border early in spring : the per- 
enniid kinds may be increased by offsets, or 
seeds. Synonymes : 1, Tenoria caniscens; 2, 
T. diffbrnu; 3, T. frvJUkactns ; 4, T. fruticd- 
sum: 6, T. (xyridu^eum; 6, T. plantaffln^um ; 
7. B. JUnceum ; 8, T. apiribsum. See Tenoria. 

altalcum . . G. yoL 7, H. Her. P. 2 Altai . . 1831 
angruldeum . G. yoL 6, H. Her. P. } SwiteerL 1769 
ari8td,ttun . . Blush 6, H. Her. P. Britain, co. fle. 
alireum . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 
bald^nse . . G. yel. 6, H. Her. P. U Mt Baldo 1817 
Buraeriinum O. yeL 7, H. Her. P. t . 1817 

candecens 1 . Yellow 8, G. Ev. S. Barbary . 1809 
caricifdlium . G. yeL 7, H. Her. P. ^ France . 1817 
. Strip. 8, H. Her. P. 1 Gibraltar 1784 
. YeUow 8. G. Bv. 8. C. G. H. . 1752 
. G. yel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Tauria . 1807 
. G. yeL 8, H. Her. P. ^ Germany 1739 
. Yellow 8, H. Bv. 8. Spain . . 1762 
. YeUow 7, P. Bv. S. B. Eur. . 1596 
. G. yeL 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1804 

6, F. Bv. S. Gibraltar 1784 

7, H. A. i S. Bur. . 1819 
7, H. A. (Caraccaa. 1820 
", H. Her. P. } SwitacrL 1768 

6, H. A. 1 B^ypt . 1818 

7, H. A.1 S.Eur. ,1772 
7, H. B. 1 Tauria . 1820 
6, H. Her. P. 2 SwiteerL 1713 

6, H. Her. P. 8 Altai . . 
. G. yeL 7, H. A. ^ Greece . 1823 
. G. yeL 10, G. Her. P. l\ C. G. H. . 1778 
. G. yeL 7, H. A. i Italy . . 1749 

\ G. yeL 7, H. A- 1 Pyrenoee 1819 

panicul&tum . Yellow 7, H. De. P. l\ Spain . . 1824 
pctribiun . . G. yeL 6, H. Her. P. 1 J SwitzerL 1768 

^'ne^6 '. } YoUow 7, P. Bv. S. Mt. Atlaa 1810 

PoUlchii 7! . G. yeL 7, H. A. 1 Palestine 1818 

* 6, H.Her.P. 1 Caucasus 1823 

7, H. Tw. A. 1 Portugal. 1824 
7, H. Tw .A. 2 Altai . . 1831 

H. Her. P. 1 P>Teneea 1814 
7, H. Her. P. \ France . 1790 
6, H. Her. P. 2 Spain . . 1820 
6, H. A. 1 Bng., 00. fie. 

!• YcLst. 6, H. Her. P. IJ Germany 1818 



corUkceum. 
diff6rme2. 
exalt&tum 
folc&tum . 
frutdscens 3 
frutiodsum 4 . 
Ger&rdi 
GibraltiXrica 5. Yellow 
glahcum . . G. yeL 
ffrttcile . . . G. yoL 
graminifbUum G. yeL 
heterophil- { YeUow 



. G. yoL 
. G. yeL 



lum 
Ifhiceum 
lancif611um 
lonfl^61ium . G. yeL 
multindrve . Yelsh. 
nodifldnuu 
ntidum . . 
Odontites . 
oppo8itif6- 



polyph^llum . G. yeL 
protrttctum . Yelsh. 
prostr&tum . Yellow 
pyrenalcum . G. yeL 
nmunculoldos G. yeL 
rfgidum . . G. yeL 
rotundUblium G. yeL 
Bconsonerae- ' 

fdlium . 
8emi-comp6- 

situm . 
sibfricum . 
apindsum 8 
stelUttum . 
subov&tum 



G. yeL 

G. yeL 
Yellow 
G. yeL 
Yellow 



tenufssimum . G. yeL 



7, H. A. i Spain . . 

7, H. Her. P. | Siberia . 
7, H. Bv. S. Spain . . 
6,H. P. 1 SwiteerL 

6, H. A. 4 Spain . . 

7, H. A. i ^igland . 



trifldum . . YeUow 7, H. B. 2 It^y 



1778 

1826 
1752 
1775 
1819 

.1824 

BuFTHiiLMnM, Linn. Named in allusion to 
the resemblance the disk of the flowers bears 
to an ox's eye, from botts, an ox, and oph- 
thalmoSf eye. Linn. 19, Or, 2, Nat. Or. 
Ast^(icece, The plants of this genus are very 
showy and ornamentaL The greenhouse spe- 
cies do well in a loamy soil ; and increase 
from cuttings, under a glass : the herbaceous 



species thrive in a common garden mould ; 
and increase by suckers ; the annual species 
only require sowing in the open ground. Sy- 
nonyme.-l, coriaceum. See DianUdia, Eeli' 
dpsis, Telikia. 

aqufiticum . Yellow 7, H. A. ^ S. Eur. . 17S1 
arDor€(K)6n8 . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. ^ Bermuda 1699 
oordtfblium . YeUow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Hungaiy 1739 
frut<$scens . . YeUow 6, G. Bv. S. 2 S. Amer. 1696 
grandifldrum YeUow 8, H. Her. P. 1} Austria . 1722 
heviff&tum 1 . Yellow 7. G. Ev. S. Tenerifle 1800 
marftimum . YeUow 8, F. Hor. P. 1 SicUy . . 1640 
aalicifbUum . Yellow 9. H. Her. P. li Austria . 1759 
sericeum . . Yellow 6, G. Bv. S. 8 Canaries . 1779 

Bpedoelssi- ) yeUow 7. H. Her. P. 8. Bur. . 1826 

mum . . ) 

spindsum . . Yellow 7, H. A. 2) Spain . . 1670 

stenoph^Uum YeUow 6, G. Bv. 8. Canaries . 1818 

Bur. See CetUotheca lappdbcea. 

BurchIrdia, R Brovm. In honour of Henry 
Burchard, M.D., a botanical author. Linn, 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Mdanthdcece. A species 
of considerable beauty, thriving best in sandy 
peat, or peat mixed with a little loam ; offsets 
or divisions, 
umbellita . . Wht gr. 8, G. Her. P. 2 N. HoU, 1820 

BurchjSllia, R. Brovm. In compliment to W. 
Burchell, a traveller in Africa. Linn, 5, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. CinchondLcem. Handsome species, 
especially B. capinsis ; they require open rich 
soil, and to be carefully watered, and they 
will flower well. Synonyme : 1 parvifl^rck. 
buballna 1 . . Scarlet . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1818 
cap^nsis . . Scarlet . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 

BURDEE. See Pdpyrus antiquorum. 

Burdock. See jfrctivm and Centothica. 

BuRO-i-TiBBUT. See Bhododindron campanu- 
IdLlum. 

BurIti. See Mauritia vinifera. 

Burlinqt6nia. Lindley dedicated this lovely 
genus to the amiable and accomplished Coun- 
tess of Burlington. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchiddceae. The species belonging to this 
genus are of great beauty, each of which rivals 
the other in loveliness of colour and delightful 
fragrance of their flowers. The species belong- 
ing to this and some other genera grow best 
upon wood with a little moss on their roots, 
and fastened to the wood with tempered copper 
or metallic wire. Oak branches with several 
arms or forks protruding in different directions 
are the most suitable wood for them. B, 
rigida is a very curious-growing species, pro- 
ducing the small pseudo-bulbs at the ena of 
the wiry-like rhizoma. When the plants make 
their growth a little moss should oe fastened 
to the oak branch for the young shoots to root 
and fasten themselves to. Copious watering 
overhead and likewise a strong neat are neces- 
sary when the plants are growing, but when 
they are torpid they should be kept cool and 
dry. They are increased by dividing the bulbs. 
Synonyms: 1, B. decora. 



amdsna 1 
c^tndida . 
decdra . . 
frftgrans . 
macuUita . 
pub^scens 
rfgida . . 
▼entista . 



. Ro8e,w. 5, S. EpL 
. White 4, S. Epi. 
. W. p.cr. 6, 8. EpL 
. Wh. cr. 6, S. Epi. 
. Yel. red 6, 8. EpL 
. White 5, 8. EpL 
. Pk. wh. 6, 8. EpL 
. White 3, S. EpL 



1 Bradl . . 1849 

1 Demerara . 1834 

tBracU . . 1852 

BracU . . 1850 

Dnu:U . . 1837 
1 Pemambucol842 

i BrazU . . 1838 

1 BrasU . .1840 



BUR 



93 



BUX 



BuROUNDT-PiTCH TREE. See Abt68 oommUnis. 

BurmAnnia, L. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bur- 
mannidcece. Tropical weeds, not deserving 
cultivation. — hifidra^ distAchya. 

BcTRMANNiAcEiE, an order of small herbaceous 
•weeds inhabiting marshy places in the tropics, 
and nearly related to Orchids. 

IBcTRMANMiADS. See BurmannidceoB. 

Burnet. See Pottrium. 

Burnet saxifrage. See PimpinilUu 

Bur parsley. See Cattcalis. 

Bur reed. See SpargHnium. 

Burning-bush. See Eu6nymus arruricdnus. 

BuRRi^LlA, De Candolle. So named by him in 
honour of John Mark Burriel, who published, 
in 1768, the Journey of Yenegas into Califor- 
nia. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. AaUracecR, 
" It is a hardy annual, flowering in the sum- 
mer months, and recommending itself by its 
copious yellow blossoms." 
ffTtknliB . .TeUow 7, H. A. } California 1834 

BuRRY, covered with hooked stiff hairs, like the 
heads of bur or burdock. 

B^rsa-pastorAlis. See Caps6lla, 

BursAria, CavanilUs. Named from hursa^ sig- 
nifying a pouch. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PiUosporacfCB. A pretty species desirable for 
a greenhouse or conservatory, being an abun- 
dant flowerer, and very showy when covered 
with its elegant little white blossoms. An 
equal mfxture of sandy loam and peat is the 
best soil for it ; and vouBg cuttings are not 
difficult to root in sand uuder a glass, 
spindaa . . White 10, G. Bv. S. 10 N. S. W. . 1793 

B^RSERA, Jacquin. In memory of Joachim 
Burser, a botanist in Naples. Linn. 23, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Amyriddcem. Large trees of con- 
siderable value : they grow in loam and peat ; 
and increase by cuttings or seeds. B. gummi- 
fera abounds in a watery balsamic fluid, which 
however soon becomes inspissated by exposure 
to the air. Hedges are made of it by the Spa- 
nish residents in S. America, who call it A Ima- 
dgo. It is also said to possess identical pro- 
perties with Q;ud8sia. 

firummlfera . Wh. gr. 6. 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1690 
serr&ta . . Wh. gr. 6, 8. Ev. T. 26 E. Ind. . 1818 

BuRSEnAcKfi. See Amyriddcea. 

BuRT5Nl^ R. Brown. Named in honour of 
D. Burton, who collected for the Kew Garden. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. FaMceoR. This pretty 
New Holland genus requires more than ordi- 
nary care in its treatment to keep the plants 
in good health ; an equal mixture of very 
sandy loam and peat is the best soil for it, and 
the pots to be well drained, with small pot- 
shcras, that the water may pass off freely, as 
nothing is more injurious to it than too much 
water. Cuttings of the young wood are not 
difficult to" root, if planted in sand under a 
bell-glass ; it may also be raised from seeds, 
which are sometimes produced.— ^-00^. (Jul. 181. 
Synonyme: 1, Oompholdbium minus. 
brunioldes . YeUow e, O. Ev. S. 2 N. HolL . 1844 
conftfrta . . Violet 7, 0. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holl. . 1880 
minor 1 . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 1| N. Holl. . 1812 



pulchdlla . . Purplo 6. 0. Ev. S. 2 8. River . 1846 

sciibra . . . Yellow 6, G. Fv. 8. \\ N. HoU. . 1803 

seaamfldra . YoUow 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HolL . 1824 

vill^ea . . . Yel.ro. 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 8. River . 1828 

BuR-WEED. See Xdnthium strumdrium. 

Butcher's broom. See RHiscus. 

Butcher's trays are usually made of the wood 
of Populus alba. 

BtrrEA, Roxburgh. In compliment to John, 
Earl of Bute, a lover and patron of botany. 
Linn. 17, Or. 1, Nat. Or. FahdceoR. This 
most splendid genus is rare in our collections, 
though easily grown, and not difficult to pro- 
pagate. They grow best in loam and peat ; 
and cuttings taken off at a joint, and planted 
singly in pots with their leaves on, will soon 
root, if not suffered to get damp, which should 
be continually guarded a^inst. It is desirable 
to plunge them in a moist heat The flowers 
of B. frondhsa and supSrba yield a beautiful 
dye, and the roots are capable of being made 
into strong rope. 

fix>nd5aa . . Scarlet . 8. Ev. 8. 40 E. Indies . 1798 
parvifldra . Scarlet . 8. Ev. 8. 40 Coroman. 1818- 
Bup^rba . . Scarlet . 8. Ev. 8. 40 E. Indies . 1708 

BuTOMAcEiB, a small order of aquatic plants, 
sometimes yielding a milky juice. The flower- 
ing rush (BiUomus umbelUUus) is an example 
of their character. 

BuTOMADS. See BiUomdcece. 

BtTOMUS, Linn. The leaves of this plant are 
said to cause the mouths of cattle to bleed 
that crop it ; hence the name from bous^ ox, 
and (emnOf to cut. ZAnn. 9, Or. 8, Nat. Or. 
BuUrmduxoR. This genus contains that beau- 
tiful plant the flowering rush, a native of the 
margins of our rivers, ditches, &c. ; both spe- 
cies are aquatics, and may be increased with 
little difficulty. 

latifaiius. . White . 6, H. Aq. P. 1 Nepal . . 1823' 
umbeUAtuB Pink . 6, H. Aq. P. 2 Britain, ditches. 

Butter and eogs. See Narcissus. 

Butter and tallow tree. See PenicuUsma 
butyrdcea. 

Butter bur. See Tussil&go petdsites. 

Buttercups. See Ranunculus dais and hul- 
bdsa. 

Buttbrflower. See Raniinculus dcris and 
bulbdsa. 

Butterfly plant. See Onddium Papilio, 

Butterfly weed. See AscUpias tubtfdsa. 

Butter-nut. See Caryhcar^ and JUglans dni- 
rea. 

Butter tree, of Mungo Park. See Bdssia, 

Butterwokt. See Pinguicula. 

Buttneria. See ByUntria. 

Button flower. See Gdmpkia. 

Button tree. See Ctmocdrpus. 

Button-weed. See Spermacdce. 

Button-wood. See Cephaldnthus. 

BuxBAtTMiA, Linn. In memory of J. C. Bux- 
baum, a German botanist. Linn. 2i, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. Brydcta. A most singular minuto 
plant, without apparent leaves, more like a 
species of fungus than a moss, found generally 
in summer in fir-woods, &c, — aphplla. See 
IHphifscium. 



BUX 



94 



CAB 



B^xns, Linn, Supposed to have been taken 
from pyknoSf dense ; in reference to the wood. 
Linn, 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. EuphorbideecB. This 
is an excellent genus of hardy evergreen shrubs ; 
£. balearicus does much better however when 
it is sli|;htly protected in severe weather. They 
thrive in most situations ; and are propagated 
bjr suckers, or layers, without difficulty. The 
timber is very hard and smooth, and not apt 
to warp ; it is used by the turner, engraver, 
mathematical instrument maker, comb, pipe, 
and flute maker, and the roots by the inlayer 
and cabinet-maker. Wheels, skewers, pins, 
pegs for musical instruments, nut-crackers, 
Dutton - moulds, weavers' shuttles, holler- 
sticks, bump-sticks, rollers, rolling-pins, tops, 
screws, spoons, knife-handles, combs, Ac., are 
all made of it^ as well as many other useful 
articles. 

RustriOia . . TeL gr. 4, O. Ev. 8. N. HoIL . 18S0 
bole&rica . YeL gr. 7, H. Bv. 8. 8 Minorca . 1780 
chindDsiB . . TeL gr. 10, O. £v. 8. 8 China . . 1802 
aerapervireus YoL gr. 4, H. Ev. 8. 8 Eog., ch. hiUfl. 

angustif61Ja YoL gr. 4, H. Ev. 8. 6 Eng., gmrdenB. 
Buffrutiodsa . YeL gr. 6, H. Ev. 8. 12 Eng., gardens. 

arbor^eoens YeL gr. 6, H. Ev. T. 20 Brit., gardens. 

argdntea . YeL gr. 5, H. Ev. T. 20 Brit, gardens. 

fiurea . . YeL gr. 5, H. Ev. T. 20 Brit., gardens. 

margin&ta . YeL gr. 5, H. Ev. T. 30 Brit, gaixlens. 

myrcifdlia . YeL gr. 6, H. Ev. 8. 6 Brit, gardens. 

vari^ta . YeL gr. 5, H. Ev. T. 25 Brit, gardens. 

BVblis, Salisbury. Byblis was the daughter of 
Miletus. Linn. 5, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Droserdbcea, 
A minute, very pretty aquatic ; it should be 
planted in loamy soil, and immersed in water ; 
seeds. 
Unifl6ra . . Blue . 5, Q. Aq. P. I N. HoU. . . 1800 

Btiu36ni1£A, Richard. Derived from hyraOy 
hide ; useful for tanning. Linn. 10, Or. 8, 
Nat Or. Malpighiacece. These are handsome 
stove plants, thriving exceedingly in a rich 
soil, or loam and peat mixed suits them. 
Cuttings of the ripe wood planted in sand, 
under a glass, in heat root freely. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Afalptghia aUisaiina; 2, M. coridoea ; 
8, M. crassi/olia ; 4, M. lUcida ; 5, M. Mou- 
reila ; 6, Af. macrophylla ; 7, M. pdllida ; 8, 
M. verboBdfblia ; 9, M. voliibilis. 
altfssima 1 . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 60 Guiana . 1890 
chxynojhfUai. Yellow 8, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Orinoco . 1823 



corUUMa 2 . . White . 6. 8. Ev. T. 25 Jamaica . 1814 

crassifdlla 8 . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. T. 15 Guiana . 1798 

laurif&Ua . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. T. 10 Cumana . 1824 

Ibcida 4 . . Pink . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 5 W. Ind. . 1759 

Mourella 5 . Yellow 8, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Amer. 1823 

nervdsa 6 . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 BrasU . 1820 

pallida 7 . . Palo . 7. 8. Ev. 8. 4 Cayenne. 1820 

reticuUta . . Pur.yoL 7, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Cayenne . 182S 

spic&ta . . . Yellow 8, 8. Bv. & 6 Antilles . 1810 

▼erbascil&liaS Pa. red. 7. 8. Ev. 8. 6 Guiana . 1810 

▼olilbiliB . YeUow 8, 8. Ev. Tw. 10 W. Ind. . 1793 

ByssAgBjE. See Fungales, 

BtssoclIdium, Agardh. Compounded from 
byssoSf fine flax, and kladoSf a branch ; allu- 
ding to the fine branches. Linn. 24, Or. 7, 
Nat. Or. Oon/ervdcea. A singular production, 
growing in places overflowed with water, and 
on yfinaowB—fenestrdU. 

Btssus, a genus of Fungales, not well under- 
stood or defined. 

BYSPrROP6GON, Wild, The word alludes to the 
throat of the corolla being closed by hairs, 
and derived from byo, to dose, and pogon, 
beard. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LamiduxcB, 
The species are ornamental, and thrive best in 
a mixture of loam and peat ; and cuttings put 
in sand or soil root readily. 

canaridnsis . Pa. pur. 7, G. Ev. 8. \\ Canaries . 1714 

origanifblius . Pa. pur. 7, G. Bv. 8. ll Canaries . 1815 

pluni6eu8 . . Pa. pur. 6, G. Ev. 8. \l Canaries . 1779 

punctAtus . . Pa. pur. 8, G. Ev. 8. \\ Madeira . 1775 

Byttneria, Lotffling. In memory of S. A. 
Buttner, a professor at Gottingen. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Byttneriacea. The species 
are not very interesting; for culture, &c., see 
Commersdnia. Synonynu: 1, Commeradnia 
dasyphplla. 

dasyph^lla 1 White . 8. G. Ev. 8. 8 V. D. L. . 1780 
hermanniffifblla Wbt. 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holland 1828 
microphfUa . W. pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 8 America 1816 
scibra . . . Purple . 7, 8. Bv. 8. 6 W. Indies 1798 
catalpce/blia, corddta, grandifblioy herbdcea, 

BTm7ERiAcB£, an order of interesting trees and 
shrabs, some bearing very showy flowers, and 
others, as Theobroma Cacao, or the cocoa of 
our shops, used for food. 

BTTrNERiAl>& See Byttticridcea. 

Byzaktine. See Cblchicum. 



C. 



CAA-CTJYS. See Ilex Paraguhms, 
Caa-mimi. See lUx ParagxUnsis, 
Caa-PBBI. See Cisadmpelos caapibi. 
Caapina d* Angola. See Pdnicum spec- 

tdbile, 
Caa-quazu. See Ilex ParagxUnsia, 
Caa-tioua. See TrichUia caUgoa, 
Cabaret. See Asarum, 
Cabbage. See Brdesica. 
Cabbage palm. See Arica, 
Cabbage tree. See Arica. 
Cabezo db negro. See PhyUhphas. 
Cab<5mba DeCandolle. Derivation not known. 



Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. CahombhceoR. A 

stove aquatic, requiring the same treatment as 

Nymphdta, Symmyme : NSctris pdtdia. 

aqutftlca . . YeUow . 5, 8. Aq. P. \ Carolina . 18SS 
CabombAcks, a small order of aquatics nearly 

related to Nymphsekcea. Found wild in 

America. 
Cabotz. See Brayira anthelmiviica. 
Cabrera, so named after an obscure Spanish 

botanist. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. dramt- 

nUcea. A tropical grass, growing in common 

soil. 

chrysobldpharis . Green 6, 8. Grass 1| 8. Amer. . 1822 



CAC 



95 



CiES 



CacalAoo. See CoBsalplnia cacdlAco. 

CAcixJA, Idnn. Named from kaJcoSy joerniciouB, 
and liaiiy exceedingly. lAnn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asterdtcece. A ^enns remarkable for the 
fleshy awkward-looking stems, and discoloured 
leaves of many of the species. They grow in 
a mixture of sandy loam, brick rubbish, and 
decomposed dung well reduced ; they require 
very little water, even when growing, and the 
pots must be well drained. Cuttings taken 
off, and dried for a few days to heal the wound, 
strike readily ; when sufficiently struck, they 
should be potted off, usins the same kind of 
soil recommended for old plants, and carefully 
watered. Syiionymes: 1, KUinia iomentdsa; 
2, C. tomenldsa; 3, C. pugianifi^rmia ; 4, C, 
maeroph^llwn. See CuMiwniy Senhio. 
albifrttea . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Austria . 17S9 
alpljaa . . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 3 Austria . 1789 

^^^^] } Yellow 2, G. Bv. B. 8 C. G. H. . 1596 

*!SI^*°^. 1 Yellow 3, O. Ev. S. 2 TeneATe 1816 
arUcuUita ! . Yellow 9, G. Bv. S. 1^ C. G. H. 1775 
atriplicifdlia . U. pur. 8, H. Her. P. 4 N. Axuer. 1669 
bloi^or . . . Purple 7, 8. De. 8. 1} B. Indies 18>j4 
camdaa . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. & U C. G. H. 1757 
ooccfnea . . Orange 6, H. A. 1^ ... 1799 

cordifdlia . . White . 8, H. Tu. P. 1 Mexico . 1823 
cyllndrica. . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1818 
flcoldea . . YeUow 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. 1710 
hast&ta . . White . 9. H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1780 
Hawdrtbli 1 . YoUow 9, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1795 
Kleinia . . Yellow 9, G. Ev. 8. 2| Canaries 1732 
leucoph^llA 2 Pa. yel. 9, H. Her. P. 8 S. Eur. . 1819 
longif^lia 8 . YeUuw 9, G. Ev. S. 1 ... 1820 
ovUis . . . YeUow 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 B. Ind. . 1834 
papillliris . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1727 
rtSdicans . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. Cr. | C. G. H. 1823 
renifbrmis . White . 7, H. Her. P. l\ N. Amer. 1801 
xtoens . . . Yellow 8, G. Ev. 8. } C. G. H. 1759 
reticulata . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Bourbon 1823 
rhombifblia 4 Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . 1816 
mgitt&ta . . Or. pur. 6, 8. A. 3 Java . . 1828 

Bc^dens . . Or. pur. 4, G. Bv. Tw.6 C. G. H. 1814 
Bonchifblia . Pink . 7, 8. A. 1| E. Ind. . 1708 

Buav^leuB . White . 8, H. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. 1762 
tomentbea . Yellow 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1796 
tuberaea . . . 8, H. Tu, P. 1 K. Amer. 1812 

pell&ta, radulosfdlui^ runcinata. 

Cacao. See Theobrdma ca>cdo. 

Cachanlahuan. See Erythrdsa cachanldk- 
huan. 

Oachibou resin. See BUraera guminifera. 

Cachou. See Acdcia cdtecku, 

OA.CHRYB, Linn. Not satisfactorily explained. 
Linn. 6, Or. 5, Nat. Or. ApiacecE. The spe- 
cies are uninteresting, and the culture of them 
is easy. Synonyms : 1, LaserpUiumferuldceum 
— al&ta 1, alpina, athamantoides, erotica, Liba- 
n6tis, microclirpa, Mori86ni, odontalgica, sese- 
loldes, tai!uica. See AgaaplliSf Athamdnta, 
CaitccUia and LaserpUitmu 

CACotrciA, De Candolle, A Temacular name. 
Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. CombretdceiB. For 
ctdture and propagation refer to CombrUum. 
Synonyme : Schoushdea cocdnea. 
oocclnea . . Scarlet . 5, 8. Ev. CL 4 Gutana. 

CAcrAcEiE, an order of succulent shrubs, natives 
of Tropical America, and of easy cultivation. 

CACTTALEa See CaddcecB. 

GAcTUS, Linn. A name used by Theophrastus 
to describe a spiny plant. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Ctictdcea. This genus is commonly 



called the melon thistle. The species are 
very interesting in appearance, and variable 
in structure. They succeed best in sandy 
loam, mixed with brick and lime rubbish, and 
a little peat, or rotten dung, at all tiroes care- 
fully watered. Cuttings root readily if a little 
dried before planting. Synonyine : 1. C. nd- 
bills. See CiretiSj Echinocdctuat Epiph^llum, 
Mammillariay Melo-cdctua, OpHnHaf Per^skia, 
BhipsiUis, Phyllocddus. 

oomig&tus . Bed . 5, 8. SucS. \ Chile . . . 1824 

cren&tus . . Rod . 6, 8. SucS. 1 Chile . . . 

foUbsus . . Red . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Chile . . . 1824 

redt&ctus 1 . White 6, 8. Ev. & 2 Mexico . . 1796 

. . Pink . 5, 8. Ev. 8. ^ Mexico . . 1828 



CADiJtBA. See NaikUa Caddmba. 

CAdia, ForskaM, From the Arabic name 
gadhy. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. FabAcece. 
This rather curious species succeeds in light 
loamy soil, and cuttings root in sand, under a 
glass, in heat Synonyme : 1, C. vdria. 
purpurea 1 . Wht pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Arabia . 1775 

CADtrcus, falling off soon. 

CiBLEsrlNA, Cassini. Named from ccelesles^ ce- 
lestial ; alluding to the sky-blue colour of the 
flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ast&rAcecB. 
Showy species of easy culture, common open 
soil suits them ; seeds. Synonynus : 1, Eupa- 
torium ccerhleum; 2, E. micrdnthimi, Agera- 
turn ccBles&num. 

ageratoldes . Blue . 8, G. Her. P. 1 N. Spain, 
ctertilea 1 . . Blue . 7, F. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1782 
micrtLntha 2 . Blue . 7, F. Ev. 8. 1^ 8. Amer. 1800 

C.£n6pteris, BergiiM. Derived from Jeavnoa, 
new, andj7<6m, a fern. Linn.24t, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. PolypodidcecR. Small interesting ferns : 
peat mixed with a little loam suits them, and 
they are chiefly increased by divisions. Syno- 
nynus: 1, Aspl^itvm Idxumj Darea appmdU 
culMa; 2, Aspltnium OdonOUSf Ddrea Odon- 
tUes. 

appendicul&ta 1 Brown 7, G. Ev. S. f N. HolL 1822 
myrioph^lla . Brown 12, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies, 
odontites 2 . . Brown 7, G. Ev. 8. } N. B.o\L 1822 
rhizoph^lla . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. 1827 
thalictroides . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica. 

CJSSALPfNiA, Plumier. In memory of Andreas 
Cffisalpinus, chief physician to Pope Clement 
VIII. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. FabdcecB. 
This genus as a whole is of considerable impor- 
tance, but the species in point of beauty have 
little to recommend them ; they all grow well 
in sand, peat, and open loam mixed. C. Sdp- 
pan yiekis the sappan wood of India. From 
tlie seeds of C. oieosp^rma an oil is expressed ; 
and the Brazil-wood of commerce is obtained 
from the C. Brasiliinais. See CouU^ria, Beich- 
hrdia. 

bahanK^sis . White . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 15 Bahama . 1820 
b^bflA . . . YeUow . 6, S. Bv. T. 12 Jamaica . 1770 
brosllidnsls . Orange . 5, S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1789 
CacalAoo . . YeUow . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Mexico . 1824 
cassioldes . . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. . 1821 
chin^nsis . . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 E. Indies . 1820 
Crista . . . Wht yeL6, 8. Bv. T. 16 Jamaica, 
enneaphf 11a . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 E. Indies . 1816 
GilllMi . . Yellow . 4, 8. De. 8. 6 MenUoza . 1829 
mimoeoldes . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 B. Indies . 1806 
mucron4ta . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Brazil . . 1828 
K^ga . . . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. B. 10 E. Indies . 18CI 



c^s 



96 



CAL 



olooapArma 

panicul&ta 

procfera 

punctata 

B^ppan 

scandens 

sinensis 

Buber^sa 

tortudaa 

vesic&ria 



. Yellow , 
. Yellow . 
. Yellow . 
. Yellow 
. Yellow , 
. Yellow . 
. Yellow . 
. Yellow . 
. YeUow . 
. YeUow . 

Brovm. 
Linn. 6, 



7, B. Ey. & 13 E. Indies . 1820 

6, B. Ev. 8. 6 Malabar . 1817 

6, 8. Ev. T. 25 Cuba . . 1824 
5, 8. Ev. B. 6 BrazU . . 1820 

7, 8. Ev. T. 20 B. Indies . 1773 
7, 8. Ev. CL 16 B. Indies . 1800 
4, a Ev. 8. 6 China. 

5, 8. Ev. 8. 10 E. Indies . 1828 

6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 K Indies . 1820 

5, 8. Ev. 8. 12 £. Indies . 1820 



CifesiA, R. Brown. In honour of Frederick 
Caesius. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Tiliaceo!. 
A showy species, sandy loam and peat suit it, 
and young plants are obtained from seeds, 
vittita . . Pa. blue . 7, Q. Tu. P. 1 N. 8. W. . 1816 

CiESious, grey. 

CffiSPiTOSE, growing in little tufts. 

CJEstiAA, J&cburgh. From ecuoSf beaten ; ap- 
peariug as if trampled upon. Zdnn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. CompositcB. Not interesting, cul- 
ture simple. Synonyme: 1 Meyira orienidlis 
— axillins 1. 

Caffeine, a peculiar chemical principle, which 
constitutes the stimulating and refreshing 
character of coffee. 

Caffre BREAD. See EncephaUarios, 

Cahuchu. See Siphdnia. 

Cainito. See Chrysophyllvm CamUo, 

Cai6phora, Presl. From iTato, to bum or 
sting, and phoroSy a bearer. Linn. 18, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. LoasdceiJB, For culture, Ac, see 
Loasa. Synonynus: 1, Loasa Berber tit; 2, 
L. lateritia ; 3, L. Pentldndica. See Lodaa. 
Herbal 1 . Oiange 6, H. CL A. 6 Hybrid. . 1842 
lateritia 2 . . Red or. 5, H. CL A. 20 Tiicumand 1836 
PentULndica 3 Orange 5, H. CL A. 6 Povu . . 1841 

Cajan. See Cajanus. 

CajAnus, Dec. From catjang^ its name in 
Malabar. Linn. 17, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Legumi- 
nosce. The species are highly useful for food 
in some places. They grow well in sandy 
loam ; and increase from seed. The seed of 
C. Jlavus is much eaten by poor people, and 
negroes, and ia esteemed a wholesome pulse. 
The plant is cultivated in Jamaica for feeding 
pigeons, whence its name ; and in the island 
of Martinico, even the better sort of people 
hold it in estimation. Synonymes : 1, Ciftisus 
Pseudocajan; 2, C. CAjan. 

blcolor 1 . Yellow . 7. 8. Ev. 8. 4 B. Indies . 1800 
fl&vus 2 . Yellow . 7, B. Ev. 8. 4 E. Indies . 1687 

Cajeputi OIL. See Melaleiica CajipvH. 

Cajeputi tree. See Mcl^leilca CajSpwti. 

CAkile, TourTuforl. An Arabic term for these 
plauts. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassi- 
cdcea. Annual species of little beauty ; culti- 
vation simple. S^tumyme ; 1, C maritima nnuor 
tifhlia. See Rapisirum. 
SBgyptlAca 1 . Purple 7, H. A. 1 Egypt. 
americAna . Purple 7, H. A. 1 America . 1828 
mAritima . . Purple 7, H. A. f Brit, seashore. 

Calaba tree. See Calophi/llum Oaldba. 

Calabash nutmeg. See Monoddra Myria- 
tica. 

Calabash tree. See Cresdntia. 

CALABtjRA. See Muntiflgia CalaMra, 

Calad^nia, R, Brown. From Jcalos^ beautiful, 
and aden, a gland ; in reference to the disc of 
the labellum being finely beset with glands. 



Aba . . 

enrUea . 
c4mea 
clavlgera . 
denticulAta 
dilat&ta . 
elong&ta . 
gemm&ta . 
grftcilis 
hirta . . 
ixioldes . 
longic4uda 
manrin&ta 
ni6ms . . 
Patersdni. 
pilifera . 
rfipenfl 
testAcea . 
unguicul&ta 



N. HolL 


.1828 


N. HolL 


. 1810 


N. HolL 


.1804 


N. HoU. 


.1820 


N. 8. W. 




BwanR. 




N. B. W. 




BwanR. 




BwanR. 




Austrslia 


.1826 


8wan R 




BwanR. 




Bwan R 




SwanR 




BwanR. 




N. 8. W. 




BwanR 




BwaaR 




N. HolL 


.1824 


BwanR. 





Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. OrcJiiddcece, A 
genus of pretty orchideous plants, growing 
well in a mixture composed of peat, loam, and 
sand in equal parts. They should be kept in 
a cool frame, and carefully watered, when not 
in a gro?mig state ; increased by dividing the 
roots. 

White «, F. Ter. . 

White 7, P. Ter. 

Blue . P. Ter. 

Flesh . 7, P. Ter. 

Pink . 6, G. Tu. P. j 

Yellow 6, G. Tu. P. 

Yellow 6, G. Tu. P. 

YeUow 6, G. Tu. P. 

Purple 5, G. Tu. P. I 

YeUow 6, G. Tu. P. { 

YeUow 6, G. Tu. P. 

YeUow 6, G. Tu. P. 

YeUoTV 6, G. Tu. P. 

Purple 6, G. Tu. P. \ 

YeUow 6, G. Tu. P. 

YeUow 6, G. Tu. P. 

Purple 9, G. Tu. P. : 

Purple 8, G. Tu. P. \ 

Purple 7, P. Ter. 

YeUow 8^ G. Tu. P. 

CalIdiuh, Ventenat. Meaning not explained. 
Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Ardc&B. The spe- 
cies of this genus are interesting on account of 
having singularly spotted stems, and pretty 
neaty often green foliage. Several grow best 
in water, ana the whole grow well if planted 
in rich soil, and may be propagated from tu- 
bers. C. seguXnum is a native of the W. Indies 
and S. America, where it grows five or six feet 
high, and is called the dumb-cane, because it 
has the power, when chewed, of swelling the 
tongue, and destroying the -power of speech. 
Dr. Hooker gives an account of a gardener 
who incautiously bit a piece of the dumb-cane, 
when his tongue swelled to such a degree 
that he could not move it, he became utterly 
incapable of speaking, and was confined to 
the house for several days ; he also adds, 
that it is said to impart an indelible stain 
to linen. — Ex. Bot. P. Brown states, that 
its. stalk is employed to bring sugar to a good 
grain when it is too viscid, and cannot be made 
to granulate properly by the application of 
lime alone. Synonymes :1,A rum cuculUUum / 
2, A. grandifblium : 8, C. segninum macitldi' 
turn; 4, C, grandi/dlinm; 5. Arum vircfinir 
cum; 6, A. xanthorizwm, ; 7, Ac6ntias sagiUi' 
fblium. See Ac6nliaSj Aglion^ma, Ainorpho- 
phdlhjLSj Culcdsia, DieffenbdchiOj Oonaldm^ 
thibSf PeUAndra, Philodindron, Pyikdnium, 
BemuadUiOf Syngdnium, Xanthoabma, 



aculcJLtum . 


.White4, 8.CL a 


4 Burinam 


.1822 


arotfbUe . 


. White 6,8. Ev. 8. 






arbor^scens 


.White 6,8. Ev. 8. 


8 W. Indies 


.1760 


arb6reum . 


.White6. B.Bv. 8. 


lOCunuma 


.18^ 


afrine . . 


. Yl. w. 6, 8. Her. P 








.White 6, 8. Her. P. 






ar^rites . 


.White6, B.Her. P. 






aurttum . 


. White 6,8. Ev. a 


4 America 


. 1739 


blcolor . . 


. White 6, a Her. P. 


2 Madeira 


.1778 


Chantini . 


.Gr.yL4, aHer.P. 
. White 8. 8. Her. P. 


Para 


.1860 


NeunUbini 


Para 


.1850 


Verschaiiatli 2 Wht6. 8. Her. P. 


Para 


.1860 


BelleymM . 


. Gr yL 4, aHer.P. 






('anntfrtil . 


. White 6, B. Her. P. 






chpreum . 


. R or. 4, a Her. P. 








. Green 8, 8. Ev. 8- 


4 China . 


. 1S2C 



CAL 



97 



CAL 



Braril 



DevonlAnum . Fk. w. S. Her. P. Bmdl . . 

odUe . . . White S, S. Her. P. 2 GuiaxuL .1800 
£ackii . . . White 4, S. Her. P. 

esculdntum . White 4, S. Her. P. 2 America . 1738 

fr^TMitlsai- ^ jj^ 6^ a Bv. CL i Demerara . 18S2 

formdsuzn . . S. Her. P. 

Gabrdtii. . . Pk. w. 8. Her. P. 
ffrandifdliuxn 2 White 0, & Ev. & Caraocaa . 180S 

^5JJ^J°^ I White6,8.Bv. a 8 Caraocaa . 178» 

HouUMi' ! . 8. Her. P. 

Kaage&num . 8. Her. P. 

K6chii . . . Pk. w. 8. Her. P. 

lancdlmum . 8. Her. P. 

Uoerum . . White 4, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Caraocaa . 1822 

Lemairetoum Fk. w. 8. Her. P. Brazil . . 

Uvidum . . Dingy 9, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies . 1838 

macuiaitum 8 . Green ft, 8. Et. 8. 4 & America 1820 

marmor&tum . 8. Her. P. 

mii^ile . . 8. Her. P. 

"^^S^^. ] ^^^*^ *• S- Her. P. 1 B. Indies . 1800 
odoriitum ! . White 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Pegu . . 1818 
oT&tum . . White 3, 8. Her. P. 1 B. Indies . 1818 
pallidiu^nmm 8. Her. P. 

ped^tum . .White 4, 8. Her. P. 1 BraaU . .1824 
petiolitum . White 6, 8. Tu. P. 2 FemandoPo 1852 
pictuui ... 8. Her. P. 

pinnatifidum White 4, Q. Her. P. 2 Caraocaa . 1817 
ptunilum . . White 6, & Her. P. 1 Nepal . . 1820 
reg&le . . . 8. Her. P. Brasil . . 

ReichenhtfchU 8. Her. P. 

rubroT^nium . 8. Her. P. 

aagittif&Uum . White 4, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies . 1710 
ac<Ddens . . White 6, 8. Her. P. Guinea . . J822 
SchmftzU . . White 8. Her. P. 
▼Iride . .Gr.w. 8. Her. P. 
se^lnum . . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. America . 1760 
8£mali4 . . White 4, & Ev. CL 6 

"riS^!^. } ^^^' 8-Her.P. BAtil . . 

ThelomKnni . 8. Her. P. 

triparUCum . WhiteO, 8.Ev. & Garaccas .1810 

Veltchii . . 8. Her. P. Borneo . . 

▼ioUkceum . .Pur. 0,8. Tu. P. lAntiUes. .1840 

Tirglnicum 5 . 0, H.Her. P. 1 Virainia . 1760 

▼ivlparum . . Green 6, 8. Her. P. 1 B. Indiea . 1817 

Wffllisii . . . 8. Her. P. 

Wlghtii . . . 8. Her. P. 

xanthorhlxum6 White 6. 8. Ev. & 1 1823 

aamisfblium . TeL 0^ a Her. P. 2 BraiU . . 1824 

CaiJLis, De Candolle. The Dame of a mytholo- 
gical person, who bore scales on his back. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AsUr&cea. A hardy 
annual, growing in common garden soil, 
lindleyl . TeDow . 6, H. A. 1 N. America . 1883 

Calamaor68T1s, AdamMn, Taken from cala- 
mo8, a reed, and agrosliSj grass. Linn, 3, Or. 
2, Nat Or. Chramindceci, Mere weeds of sim- 
ple culture. Synonymes: 1, Ariindo ejAgt^os; 
2» A. PscvdophragmUea ; 8, C7. sylvdtica ; 4, 
Ariindo CalamagrMia ; 6, Agrbetis Calama- 
grdttis; 6, AritTido atrlcta ; 7, C. arundindcea; 
8, Ar&ndo h^milia — acntifldra, confinis, efftisa 
1, glaiica, Hallerikna 2, H<5stii 3, lanceolkta 4, 
Langsddrfii, lixa, litt6rea, montkna, specidsa 
5, stricta 6, stngdsa, sylyitica 7, ten^Ua 8, 
v&ria. 

Calamarle, fossil plants resembling roeda. 

Calambac. See Aquildria and Alokcylon, 

CALAMiFbBJfB, reed or quill-shaped. 

CALAlfiNA, Roemer. Linn, 28, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
GramindiCifB, SynonyfM : 1, Apldda miUiGa, 
gteantte . . Green . 7, & Gnoa \\ T. of Lason 1822 
mtitica . . Green . 7, & Graw \\ & Indies . 1816 

OALAJf nrr. See Calanmiha, 

CalamIntha, Purth, From kaio$^ beautiful. 



and minthoy mint. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Lamtdaea. The species of this genus have 
little to recommena them ; all that can be .«aid 
is, that they are ornamental ; they grow with- 
out difficulty in common loamy soil, and are 
increased by suckers. Synonymes ; 1, Thpmua 
caroliniAna ; 2, Melissa grandifidra ; 3, Nipeta 
mari/blia; 4, Melissa Nipeta ; 5, M. calamin- 
tha, Thpmus ealamintha; 6, C. oJiciniUis, 
Melissa oalamintha^ M. Nipeta^ M. umbrdsa. 
flba. . . .White 7, H. Her. P. | Hungaiy . 1818 
carolini&na 1 . Flame 0, H. Her. P. 1 Carolina . 1804 
or^ca . . . Purple 6, F. Ev. 8. ^8. Europe 1690 
frutiodaa . . Purale 8, F. Ev. 8. f 8pain . . 1752 
grandifidra 2 . Red . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 1690 

variegftta .Red . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 
marifdUa 8 . Purple 0, H. Her. P. 1^ 8pain . .1788 
mimuloldes . Red yL 0, F. Ev. 8. It Califomia 1848 
Ntfpeta 4 . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. l| Eng., ch. hills. 
sylTitica .Rod . 6, H. Her. P. 1 I. Wight, wds. 
▼ulg&ria 6 . . Red . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Eng , bor. field. 

GalXmpelis, 2). Don. Compounded from Icalos^ 
pretty, and ampelis^ a vine, its habit of growth 
being to ramble like that plant. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Biffnonideece. This is a species 
of great merit, capable of enduring the open 
air ; when in full flower it has an elegant ap- 
pearance ; the situation for it is against a south 
wall, trained up a pillar, over a vase, &c. Any 
light loamy soil suits it ; and young plants 
from cuttings are readily obtained. Synonyme : 
1, Eceremocdrpiu scdber. 
sc^bra 1 . . Orange . 7, F. Er. CL 10 Chile . . 1824 

CiiiAMUS, Linn. Taken from kalam, signifying 
a reed, in Arabic. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Pahndcea. ^ This is a fine genus, holding a 
middle station between the grasses and palms, 
with the habit of the former and inflorescence 
of the latter. They succeed best in a moist 
atmosphere in rich sandy loam, and are in- 
creased by seed. The resin called dragon's- 
blood is obtained by wounding C. Draco. C. 
zaldcca is cultivated for its fruit, which is 
about the size of a walnut, and cov^cd with 
scales like those of a lizard ; within these 
scales are two or three sweet yellow kernels. 
fiboB . . . White . 6, 8. Pahn. 60 E. Ind. . 1812 
austrUis . . Green . 6, 8. Palxn. 20 Australia 
DrAoo . . . Green . 6, a Palm. 40 R Ind. . 1819 
nlger . . . Green . 6, 8. Palm. 20 R Ind. . 1824 
rudtetom . Green . 6, 8. Palm. 200 E. Ind. . 1812 
y^rufl . . . Green . 5, 8. Palm. 20 Co. China 1824 
ZoUoca . . Green . 6, 8. Palm. 20 E. Ind. . 1812 

CALANDRfiOA, Eimholdt and Bonpland. In 
honour of J. L. Calandrini, a German botanist 
Linn, 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Porlulacdceet, Tho 
species of this genus are venr pretty, and grow 
well in loam and peat carefully incorporated ; 
multiplied from seeds or cuttinga Synotiyines: 
1, Tcdinum ciliatum ; 2, T, paniculdtum j 8, 
T. umhellditum. 



I. a I W. 

»r. P. I Va] 

»r. P. I Bn 

A. I Ch 



Andr^waii . Roae . 8, G. De. 

arenAria . . Or. red 7, H. Her. : 

aaofodena . Purple 0, & Her. : 

cill&tal . .Purple 8, a 

oaulteoens . Roae . 8» H. 

comprAna . Rose . ^ H. __ , 

diaoolor . . Roeo . 7, G. Her. P. 1 Chile . . 1884 

grandifidra . Purple 7, a Her. P. 1 Chile . . 1828 

glahoa . . Roae . 8, G. A. 1 Chile . . im 

Llivia . . Purple 4, 8. Her. P. } Mexico . 

IiockUkrti . Roae . 6, G. De. a 1 Trinidad. 1825 



Ind. . 1812 
Valpar. .1881 
Brasa 
^ ChUe . . 1823 
A. I Mexico . IB-n 
. 8, H. A. I ChUe . 1826 



CAL 



93 OAL 



mon&idra . Red . 8, H. A. } Chile . . 1897 

nltida . . Bed . 8, 0. A. 1 Chile . . 1837 

paniculAta 2 . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. li 8. Amer. 1816 
phaoosp^nna Rose . 8, Q. B. 1 Peru . .1827 

procdmbenB.' Red . 8, H. A. ^ 8. Amer. 1837 

specidea . .Purple 6, 11. Her. P. | California 1831 
umbcllAta 3 . Rose . 7, H. A. \ Peru . . 1830 

CalXnthr, -R. Brown. From haloSt beautiful, 
and anlkoSy a flower ; literally a " pretty 
blossom." Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchi- 
dacece. This is a genus of very pretty plants 
when in flower. They require a light airy 
part of the house, otherwise the flowers will 
not open freely, neither will their colours be so 
good. The plants must never be saturated 
with water ; in every other respect they re- 
quire the same treatment as is recommended 
for Bletid. Synonymes: 1, Amhygl6Ux8 Vkolor ; 
2, A. veralrifilia, BUlia Masiica; 3, Artiby- 
gUttis v€8(Ua, Alismdrchis vestitOf CetUrhsia 
vestita : 4, C. austrdZia. See Ania. 



abbrevi&ta 
angufltifblia 
austrAlia . Yellow 
blcol'.r 1 . Yel. red 
brevic6mu . Rose w. 
olav&tA . . 
comdea 



8. 

8. 
6.8. 
8, G. 
8,& 



Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 



*^^;^^-} Orange. 10, 8. Ter. 



dentlfldra . Yelah. 
dfaoolor . . Wbite 
D6minii . Rose 
emargin&ta. Vio. or. 



fU&vicans 

furc&ta . 

grtfeilifl . 

Griffithii 

HaahcaS 

ochrftcea 

piirvifl6ra 

plantaglnea Lilao 

pubcrUa 

p(Uchra . 

purpurea 

8ieb61dii 

apecidea. 

Btrl&ta . 

eylvKtica 

•ylT^itrii 

trlcorin&ta 

VeltchU . 

h^brida 
yeTatrif61ia4 White 
vorslcolor . Wht. bL 
veatlta 8 

mtea . 
TiridifdUa 
▼ixidifflaca 



9,8. 
6,0. 
9,8. 
6.8. 
4.8. 
8,G. 
8,8. 
& 
6,8. 

*•! 

8,8. 

5.8. 

6.8. 

8. 

5.8. 

4,8. 

8 8 
W. crim. Ill 8.' 
Cream .'ll, 8. 
Or. br. . 11, 8. 
Or. br. . 11, 8. 



Wht bL 
White . 
Yellow . 

Vio. pur. 
Pa. yeL. 



. Oranse . 
. Purple . 

. Orange . 

! White . 
.White . 

. Pur. rose 
Rom 



Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Tor. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Tor. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 
Ter. 



Java. . 
Java. . 

I N. 8. W. 1823 

II Japcm . 1837 
\\ Nepal . 1838 

Sylhet . 
Keilgher. 

8 Malacca. 1844 

} R Ind. . 1837 
1 Japan . 1837 
1 Hybrid, gard. 
1 Java . . 
1| E. Ind. . 1838 
1 Luxonl. 18.S6 
1 Sylhet .»1852 

Bootan . 
8 E. Ind. 
\\ Japan 

Java. 
1 Nejpal 

Sylhet 

1 Java . 
1| Coyloo 

2 E. Ind. 

1 Java. 
Japan . 

2 Madag. . 
1 MadaflT. . 

Nepal . 
Borneo . 
Hybrid, gard. 
Java . . 1819 
Maurit 1836 
E. Ind. . 1848 
Hybrid, gard. 
Aamm . 1861 
£. Ind. . 1862 



. 1886 



1839 
1861 



.1837 



1823 
1823 



Calathba, Meyer. The name applies to the 
form of the stigma, and is derivea from halo- 
thoa, a basket or cup. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. MarantdcecB, The plants of this genus are 
interesting and ornamental. C. zebHna is 
much admired on account of the stripes on the 
leaves, which resemble the marks on a zebra's 
back ; whence the specific name. They grow 
well in the stove, in sandy peat ; and are in- 
creased by diviaions. Synonyme : 1, Mardnta 
tebrina. 



Allotiya . 
flav^scena 
mndifbUa 
umgibrao- 
te^ta . 
macildnta 
orbiculAta 



. White . 9, 8. Her. P. 
. Yellow 8, 8. Her. P. 
. YeUow 7, a Her. P. 



2 Trinidad. 1824 
H Braail . 1822 



Rio Jan. . 1826 

Purple 7, S. Her. P. 1 Bnudl . 1826 

1^ Rio Jan. . 1826 
2 W. Ind. . 1830 
1 Brazil .1826 



White . 12. a Her. P. 
. YeUow 8, 8. Her. P. 
, YeUow 4, 8. Her. P. 



vill6ea . . Yellow 4. 8. Her. P. 1^ Bnudl . 1826 

pai^lna . Yellow 4, 8. Her. P. 1 Otiiana . 1856 

violAcea . . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. 14 BraBil . 1816 

Eobrtna . . Rd.yeL 8, 8. Her. P. 2 BraaU . 1816 

Calathian violet. See GentiAna pneumon- 
dnthe. 

Calb6a, Car. Kamed in honour of Don L. 
Calbo, a Spanish botanist. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. ConvolvuldeecB. A genus of plants of 
easy culture, growing in common soil, and in- 
creased by cuttings, 
globdea . .Red . . 6, G. Do. CL Mexico . 1843 

Calcarate, spurred, having a spur. 

Calcarbous, chalky. 

Calceiform, like a little shoe. 

CalceoiJLria, Idnn. Named from ealceolus, 
alluding to the form of the corolla. Linn. 2, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. ScrophularHJLceoe. This is a 
favourite genus, and contains some very showy 
species, from which an almost countless num- 
ber of handsome hybrids have been raised and 
are raising. The herbaceous and shrubby 
kinds are chiefly cultivated. They thrive in 
a turfy loam, peat, and sand mixed, or any 
kind of rich, open, sandy garden mould seems 
to suit them. The place most favourable to 
their successful growth is a pit or frame, where 
they must be potted and watered with judg- 
ment. Some cultivators turn them out in the 
flower-garden, where they make a brilliant 
displajT ; others flower them in pots, with per- 
fect success, in the greenhouse ; the latter way 
is generally preferred for the rare and superior 
kinds. Young cuttings planted in soil, under 
a glass, root freely ; they are also increased 
from seed, which it \a recommended to sow as 
soon as ripe. The annual species rea uire to ,be 
sown in heat, and when up, potted off, and 
afterwards brought on for flowering in the 
greenhouse. Synonymes: 1, tinctdria; 2, 
diffHisa; St floribiinda ; 4, An6mala p^ndula ; 
5, C. tfiscoglssima, rughsa macrophyUaf rugosa 
laUfblia; 6, Bdea violdcea, Jovelldna violh- 
Ota; 7, Bdui punctataf JovelUina punetdta. 



flba 



. White. 6, G. Ev. 8. li Chile . . 1844 



"Siu?-. l^^"- -".OH^. P. 



. 1845 



angustiildra . YeL . 6, G. 

arachnoldealPiup. 6,0. 

flba . . . White. 6, G. 

canaridnsia YeL . 6, G. 

ouneifdrmifl Yel. . 6. G. 

reftUgens . Red . 6, 0. 

' '^ .YeL .7, G. 

. Y. red 7, G. 

.YeL .8.G. 

.YeL .8,0. 

, YeL . 8, 0, 

. YeL G. 

.Yel. .6,0. 

erenatiflOra 4 Y. apt. 6, F. 

flezudea . . YeL . 6, G. 

"'„'S5« }™- •♦.''• 

ericoldea . YeL . 6, F. 

hysaoplfdliaW. yeL 6. P. 
florlbflnda . Pa. y. 9. G. 
Fotbeivfm . Orange 4, F. 
OeUani&na . Ochro. G. 
HerbertiAna. Yel. .6,0. 

parvifl6ra . YeL . 4, G. 
hians . . . YeL . 6, 0. 
Hope&na . . YeL . 6, G. 



aactedona 

Atkinadnia 

bloolor2 . 

calif 6mica 

chilotesia 

conn&taS 

oorymbtea 



Ev. a 

Her. P. 

Her. P. 

Ev. a 

Et. 8. 

Her. P. 

Ev. 8. 



8. 
8. 

a 
a 

B. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. 8. 



Ev. 
Bv. 
Et. 
Ev. 



\\ Peru . 

1^ Peru . 
1 Chile . 
1 Hybrid 
1 Canarlea 
UBoUvia 
1 Hybrid 

1 CoedilL 
H Hybrid 

2 Peru . 
li California 
2 Chiloe . 1830 
8 Chile . . 1824 

I Chile . . 1822 

II Chile . . 1831 
\\ Peru . . 1846 

1 Peru . . 1846 



1830 
1827 
1833 

.1846 
.1833 
. 1826 
. 1830 
. 1329 



Bv. a 1 Columbia 
Et. a 1 Quito. 
Et. a 1 Quito 



1843 



. Qui 
Her. P. i Falk. la. . 1777 

Her. P. 4 Hybrid . 1880 

Her. P. 2 Chile . . 1828 

Ev. a 2 Valpar. . 1836 

Et. Her. 1 Hybrid . 1880 

Her. P. 1^ Hybrid . 1830 



CAL 



99 



OAL 



intagritftlis . TsL 



. 8, F. Bv. 
, 8, Q. Ev. 



8. 3 Chile . 



. 1822 



8. l\ Chiltt . . 1822 



'•^*^^"®*' XyqL . 8, O. Ev. 8. 2 J Chile . 



.1882 



ma 5 

^°yg""' I TeLor. G. Her. P. | Hybrid . 1884 

MartinAft* . Y. apt. 7, G. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 1830 

miribilia . . Purp. G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 1834 

Morria5nl . Ochre. 8, O. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 1830 

Pav6ijii . . YeL . 6, G. Her. P. 2 Peru . . 1848 

p^ndula . . Y. spt 7, G. Ev. & ChUe . . 1831 

pixmita . . YeL . 7, G. A, 2 Peru . . 1773 

plantafffnea . YeL . 8, G. Hor. P. 1 Chile . . 1827 

poUf&ffii . . YeL . 7, G. Her. P. 1 Chile . .1826 

polyintha . YoL . fi, G. Her. P. 3 Hybrid . 1830 

pnnct&ta . . Purp. 6. G. Ev. 8. 2 Chile . . 1802 

purptu-ea. .Purp. 7, G. Her. P. 1 Chile. .1827 

^GKaiis . . Pa pur.6, G. Her. P. 1 Chile . . 1832 

picta. . . W.pur. 6, G. Her. P. 1 Chile. .1832 

rug6sa . . YeL . 8, F. Ev. 8. 2 Chile . . 1822 

BC^ioe»f61ia YeL . 5, G. Ev. Tr. 2 ChUe . . 1822 

stricta . . YeL . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1| N. Gren. 1846 

a^MiUft . .YeL . 9, F. Ev. 8. li Volpar. . 1832 

8tandfshti . Br.yeL 6, G. Her. P. Hybrid .1841 

tetragftna . YcL . 6, G. Ev. 8, U Peru . . 1848 

thyrsifldra . YeL . 6, G. Ev. 8. It Chile . . 1827 

viol&cea . . Violet. 0. F. Ev. 8. 1# ChiU . . 1865 

WheWeri . . Purp. 5, F. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 1831 

Yohngli . . Ochre 6, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 1830 

&tra . . . Dark . 5, G. Hor. P. 2 Hybrid . 1830 

cuneiftMia . YeL . 5, G. Her. P. BoUvia . 1846 

dil&ta . . Brown 5, G. Hor. P. 2 Hybrid . 1830 

pollfdior . Pale . 5, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 1830 

Garden varieties. — These are too numerous 

too allow of even a select list ; many however 

are very beautiful. 
Calcb6lus. See CypripMium Calcedhis. 
CALctTRAPA. See Centauria CalcUrapa. 
CaldAsia, Wild. In memory of J. Caldas, a 

Bogotan naturalist Linn. 5, Or. 1, Kat Or. 

Apidtcece. This very handsome species thrives 

well in sandy peat, mixed with a little loam ; 

seeds. Synonyme: 1, Bonpldndia gemini' 

JUtra, 

heteroph^na . Blue . 7, 8. A. U I^- Bpain . 1813 
CALDCLtviA, O. Don. Named after Alexander 

Caldcleugh, F.R.S., Ac, who collected and 

sent home many dried plants from Chile. 

Linn. 8, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Cunonidicece. For 

culture, see Weinmdnnia. Synonyme : Wein- 

mdnnia paniculdta. 

panlcul&ta . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 AuBtralia . 1831 

CXlea, R Broion. Derived from kalos, beanti- ' 
ful ; in allusion to the showy flowers. lAnn. 
19, Or. 4, Nat Or. A8Urd£e<B. The species 
are very showy, and easily cultivated ; a 
loamy soil mixed with peat is best ; cuttings 
root without difficulty in soil or sand. See 
Bdccharis, MelananUUra. 

cordifMia. . Purple . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1| Jamaica . 1822 
jamaic^Dais . Purple . 6, 8. Ev. 8. S W. Indies 1739 
solidaglnea . Purple . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Caraccas 1817 
leptophyila . White . 6, F. Ev. 8. 2 N. Zealand 1824 

CaleActe, R. Broym, From kalo8, beauty, 
and akU, sea-shore; the species being orna- 
mental there. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aslerdaece. A showy species, of easy culture 
and propagation. Synonyme : 1, Solidhgo 
urUcafUia. 

plunatlflda . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Braril . .1818 
urtic»f6Iia 1 . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 VeraCru* 1740 

CalbAna, R. Brovm. In honour of George 



Caley, sometime superintendent of the Botanic 
Garden, St. Vincent Linn. *20, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. Orchiddeeos. A genus of pretty plants, 
requiring the same treatment as Caladhiia. 
mijor . . . Gr. bm. 6, G. Ter. 1 N. 8. Walea . 1810 
minor . . . Gr. bro. 6, G. Ter. J N. Holland . 1822 
nlgrita . . Dark. . 6, G. Ter. 1 Swan River . 1810 

CalectAsia, Brovm. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Juncdcece. Discovered by Mr. Brown, in 
South- Western Australia. This elegant flower- 
ing rush is easy of cultivation, as a greenhouse 
plant ; it requires to be potted in sandy loam, 
and to stand in a shady situation. Synonyme : 
1, HiUtia ilegans. 
oySntA . . Blue . 6, G. Her. P. 1 Australia . 1840 

Calendula, Linn. Named from calendar the 
first day of the month ; there being flowers 
almost any month in the year. Linn. 19, Or. 
4, "Nfit. Or. Asteraceas. A genus of showy 
plants, among which is the old and well-known 
C. officiniUi$y or common marigold. This 
species was formerly used in soups and broths, 
but is now little regarded. The greenhouse 
species thrive well in loam and peat mixed ; 
and cuttings root freely in sand, under a glass. 
The half-hardy annuals it is recommended to 
sow in a gentle heating hotbed, from whence 
they must be transplanted into the open 
ground ; the hardy kinds merely require to be 
sown in the open borders. Synonyms: 1, C. 
cegyptlaca. 

arbor&cens . Yellow 12, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1774 
arvdosis . . Yellow 6, H. A. 2 Europe . 1697 

ast^rias . . Yellow 8, H. A. l\ N. Eur. . 1838 

^'SSSi**'^"} ^«"°^ *» ®- ^^- ^' 2 ^' ®- ^- • "®^ 

dentAta ! . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 1 J C. G. H. . 1790 

donticul&ta . Yellow 12, G. Ev. 8. 2 Barbary . 1821 

fruticiiea . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1752 

graminif61ia . Yellow 5. G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1731 

hybrida . . White . 6, IL A. 1 C. G. H. . 1752 

incina . . . Yellow 7, H. A. li B.vbary . 1796 

mexib&na . . Yellow 8, H. A. li Mexico . 1829 

muricAta . . Yellow 12, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 

nudicahlia . W. pur. 7, H. A. 1 C. G. H. . 1781 

officinJUla . . Orange 6, H. A. 3 8. Eur. . 1573 

plfena . . . Orange 6, H. A. 8 Gardena . 

oppoeitii^^lia . Yellow 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

pluviAlifl . . White . 6, H. A. 1 C. G. H. . 1699 

Mtncta . . . Yellow 6, H. A. 2 Levant . 1731 

siculal. . .Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Sicily. .1816 

Btelliita . . Yellow 7, H. A. 2 Barbary . 1795 

8uffnitlcd«a . YeUow 12, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1823 

TrAgua . . . W. piu-. 6, G. Ev, 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

fltfccida . . Orange 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

viscdaa . . . Orange 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 

Calep^na, Adanson. Not explained. Linn. 
15, Or. 1, Nat Or. Brassieacece. A curious 
annual, of easy culture. Synonyme : 1, Myh- 
grum iberioides. 
Corvlni . . White . 6, H. A. 1^8. Europe .1816 

CaiAya. See Caled^na. 

CALfciUM, Acharius. The name is expressive of 
the organs of reproduction ; and derived from 
kalypionf a little cup. Linn. 24, Or. 8, Nat. 
Or. OraphiddLcecB. Curious white or grey pro- 
ductions appearing in patches on wood or 
boards exposed to the air — aeicularey oerugi- 
nhsum, caiUkarilluTn^ capitelldium^ casrulis- 
ce»w, chryaoeiphalum, claviculdre, crustdtum, 
cartum^ dMU, ferruglneum, hyperdllum, in- 

H 2 



CAL 



100 



OAL 



quinanSf marginatum^ microe^halam^ nfoi- 
duMf 8ph4xrociphalumy aUgoniUunif terebirUl- 
lum, tigilldre. 

Calico bush. See Kdlmia IcUi/blia. 

CALfMERis, De CandolU, From kalw^ pretty, 
and meros^ a part. lAnn, 19, Or. 2, Nat, Or. 
AsierdceoB. Synonyms: AsUr eassiardbicus. 
See jfster. 
camUrabica . Purplo . 9, U. Her. P. Ruuia . 18S4 

CALfNEA. See Doliocdrpus Callnea, 

CALiPHtTRiA, Herbert. Denvation unknown. 
Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AmarylUdAccoR. 
TheBe plants '* are evidently akin to Eurpdes 
of Amboyna and Australia, forming a link be- 
tween Eurpcles and Griff inia" For culture, 
&c., refer to AmarjfUia. 

•Hartwegiina Yellow . 6, S. Bl. P. 1 N. Grenada 1843 
HerbertUUia . Yellow . 5, B. Bl. P. 1 

C^LLA, Linn, From kalotj beauty. Linn. 7, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ard^etz, These species are 
showy and worth cultivation, they grow freely 
in any rich soil ; and increase by seeds, or 
divisions. Synonyms : 1, Drae6ntium per- 
iAsum^ See Richirdia, HomalaniTnaf M&m- 
(era, and PeUdndra. 

vcamm.caL. White . 7, G. Her. P. 2 China . . . 1813 
occulta . . White . 6, G. Her. P. 3 China . . . 1817 
paltistria . White . 7, G. Aq. P. ^ N. America . 1768 
pertbaa 1 . White . 6, G. Ev. Cr. tf W. Indies . 1753 

CalliIkdba, Bentham. From kaXoSy beautiful, 
and aner androSy stamen, in allusion to the 
length and beautiful colour of the stamens. 
Linn, IC, Or. 8, Nat Or. FaMce43R, Elegant 
shrubs, related to Mimosa, easily cultivated in 
light rich soil, and propagated by cuttings, 
planted in sand and plungea in a gentle heat. 
Synonyms : 1, J'nga Bdrrissii. 
brtfyipes . . Crixnaon 8, S. Et. S. 6 Brazil . . 1849 
HinlBsU 1 . Rose . 2, S. Ev. B. 10 BrazU . . 1845 
TweMli . . Scar. ori. 8, S. £▼. S. 6 Mexico . . 1845 

CallicArfa, Linn. Named ui reference to the 
pretty berries ; from Joalos, beautiful, and heir- 
pos, Iruit. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Verbe- 
siAceo!. The species of this genus are hand- 
some, and succeed well in loam and peat 
mixed. Cuttings strike without difficulty in 
sand or soil. The bark of C. Lani&na has a 
peculiar subaromatic and slightly bitter taste, 
And is chewed by the Cingalese, when they 
cannot obtain betel leaves ; the Malays reckon 
the plant diuretic. Synonymea: 1, C. tcmsnr 
Idaa; 2, O. jap6nica. 

Amerle4aa . Red . 6, G. De. a 4 N. Azner. . 1724 
arb6rea . . Purple 8, B. Ev. T. 10 B. Indies . 1820 
clkna 1 . . . Purple 6. S. Ev. 8. 8 E. Indies . 1799 
ferruginea . Blue . 6, B. Et. S. 2 Jamaica . 1704 
tnc&na . . . Red . 7, B. £▼. S. 4 B. Indies . 1800 
lapdniea . . Pit pk. 9. F. Dec. 8. 4 Japan . . 1850 
lanAta . . . Purple 0, 8. Ev. & 4 B. Indies . 1788 
lanceoUMa . Piuple 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 B. Indies . 1822 
longifdlia 2 . White 4, & Er. 8. 8 China . . 1885 
maeroph^Ua . Pink . C, 8. Ev. 8. 6 India . . 1808 
purpurea . . Purple 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 B. Indies . 1822 
reticiUAta . . Red . 7, 8. Bv. 8. 4 Jamaica . 1820 
rub^Ua ... Bed , 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 China . . 1822 

CAXXiciPHALUS. See Centa^rea nitens. 

Callichroa, Fischer and Meyer. From kalos^ 
beautiful, and chroa, colour ; in reference to 
the colour of its flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asterdeece. This little pknt is well 



entitled to a plaoe in every flower-border, at 
well on account of its dwarf and slender 
habit as of its rich golden-coloured flowers. 
It grows well in common garden soil, and is 
increased from seed, which should be reared on 
a hotbed, 
platygiassa . TeHow . 10, H. A. 1 California 18C5 

Callic6cca. See Cepha^lie. 

CallIooma, Bot, Rep. The name is expressive 
of the pretty bundles of yellow flowera ; and 
is derived from kalos, beautiful, and komef hair. 
Liun. 11, Or. 2, Nat Or. CuTumidceae. A 
very showy plant, cultivated with ease in 
fibrous peat and sand ; and cuttings root rea- 
dily in sand, under a glass, 
serratifblia . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. a 8 N. a W. . 1793 

CALliooNUM, Linn. Derived from XroZof, beau- • 
tiful, and gonum, a joint ; there being joints 
instead of leaves. Linn. 11, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Polygondcea. This species is showy, and re- 
quires sandy open loam to grow it well ; in- 
crease is by cuttings. See A triplex. 
PalliUa . . Gm. wht. 8, H. Ev. 8. 4 Casp. Ben 1780 

Calxj6fea, D. Don. So called from CaUiope, 
one of the Muses. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
AsterdcecB. This is a prettv dwarf genus, silc- 
ceeding in any loamy soil, and increased by 
divisions. Synonymes: 1, Ledntodon aUreutn, 
Jfierddum oAreum. 
atuea . . . YeUow . 8, H. Her. P. ^ Italy . .1789 

Calli6p8IS, Reich. Derived from kaZUstoe, 
beautiful, and opsie, the eye ; in allusion to 
the beautiful bright eye of the flower. Linn. 
19, Or. 8, Nat. Or. AsterHueee. The flowers of 
these plants are extremely pretty, and well 
suited for the flower-garden. The perennial 
kinds grow in any loamy soil, and the annuals 
merely require sowing ; the tender species 
should be sown in a slight hotbed, and after- 
wards transplanted. Synonymes : 1, Core&psis 
einetbria; 2, C. palmdta; 8, C. rbsen ; 4, 
IHplosdstera tincidria ; 5, Corebpsia divcrsi- 
Jblia. 

AtkinsoniAna . YL bm. 6, H. A. 2 Columbia 1826 
bicolor 1 . . YeUow 6, H. A. 2 Arkansas 1822 
Drummtedi 5 . YL pur. 9, H. A. 2 Texas. . 1834 
palmAta 2 . . Yellow 6, HHer.P. 2} Louisiana 1823 
rteeaS . . .Red • 7, H. Her. P. 2 N.Casanal778 
tinotdria 4 . . Purple. 7, H. A. 8 N. Amer. 1820 
atropuri^^rea D. pur. O, H. A. 8 N. Amer. 1823 

Callip^ltis, De CandoUe. From kalos, beau- 
tiful, and pelte^ a buckler. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. GalideecB. A hardy annual, of no 
beauty, growing in any common soil — cu- 
cuXUkria. 

Callipr6ra, LindUy. Derived irom halos^ 
pretty, and prora, a front ; in allusion to its 
pretty appearance. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or 
jLUidcea^ This is a very handsome hardy 
bulbous species, succeeding well in a shaded 
peat boraer, and increased freely from off- 
sets. 
Ittea . . . Yellow . 8, H. B. P. i Oslifoniia . 1881 

CallipsVchb^ Herbert. From kaloa, beautiful, 
and psyche, a butterfly— beauty of flowers. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amarylliddcece. A 



CAL 



101 



CAL 



new genuB of balbons plants, reqwiing the 
same treatment as Pamerdtiuni. 
eacroaioldM . Soar. gr. 8, 8. Bl. P. 8 If exirn . . 1843 
CALLfPTERis, Bortf, From katoa^ beautiful, and 
pteriSf a fern— beauty of fronds. Linn. 24, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. PolypodideecB, Stove fems, 
requiring similar treatment to Polypddium. 
Synonymcs : 1, Anisogdnium seramporirue ; 
2, Dipldzium malabdricum ; 8, Asplinium 
ambiguum^ Digrammdria amUffua, IHpldzium 
pubiscena; 4, I), ovdtum. 
fdismnf^dia 1 Br. yeL 7, S.Her.P. I& of LuKnx 
€legans . . Br. yeL 7, &Her.P. 
malabtfrioa 3 . Br. yeL 6, 8. Her. P. Malabar. 
OT&ta8 . . Br. yel. 4. S.Her.P. Is. ofLeyte. 
pfrollfera . . Brown 0, 8. Her. P. E. Indies, 
spinul&ea . . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. Java. 
vittaef6nnis . Br. yel. 7, 8. Her. P. 8amar. 
Walllchil . . Brown 4, 8.Her.P. B. Indiea 

CALLTPHtTREA, fferb. Deriyatiou not known. 
Linn. 6, Orl, Nat. Or. AmaryUidiicecR, Bul- 
bous perennials requiring the same treatment 
as stove Amaryllids, and are increased by off- 
sets. 
HartwegiAna . Or. wh. A, 8. BL P. 1. N. Grenada 1S48 

Callirh6e. See Mdlva, 

CallisAce, Fischer. The name alludes to the 
seeds ; and is taken from kalos, beautiful, and 
aakos, a buckler. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apideece. A species of little beauty, and easily 
cultivated — dahhrica. 

CALiisiA, Linn. This is a pretty species, hence 
the propriety of the name from kalos^ pretty. 
Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LUiduxee. This 
plant succeeds in sandy fibrous peat^ and is 
increased by division, 
r^ns . . . Blue . 6, 8, Tu. P. i W. Indies . 1776 

CALiisTA. See Erica. 

CajxistAchts, VenUncU. The name is expres- 
sive of the fine spikes of flowers ; and is de- 
rived from kaloSf beautiful, and stachys, a 
spike. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. FabdeoB. 
Beautiful shrubs of easy and free growth ; 
sandy peat and loam is the best soil for them ; 
aud young plants are readily obtained from 
cuttings, in sand. Synonyme : 1, C. sordida. 
cunekU . . Yellow . 7, G. Et. 8. 3 N. Holl. . 1824 
lanceol&te . Yellow . 0, O. £▼. & 4 N. HolL . 1815 
linariicfdlial . Yellow . 0, G. Bv. & 5 N. HoIL . 1824 
loDgrifdlia . . Red yeL 0, G. Ev. 8. 4 Swan R. . 1839 
OY&ta . . . Yellow . 0, G. Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1816 
rettlsa . . . YeUow . 7, a Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL . 1830 

Callist^mma, R. Broum. The name refers to 
the beautiful flowers ; and is derived from kal- 
listoSf prettiest, and stemmaf a crown. Linn. 
19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AsUrdcett. The species of 
this genus are well known in the garden for 
the beauty of their flowers, and the Uttle trou- 
ble required to bring them to perfection. The 
seeds should be sown in a gentle hotbed in 
spring, and the plants removed to the flower 
borders, or they may be sown as soon as the 
weather permits in the open air, where they 
are wished to flower. Synonymes : 1, AsUr chi- 
nhint; 2, A. indicia. 

hort^nse 1 . . Blue . 7, H. A. li China . 17S1 
filbum. . . . White. 7, H. A. U China .1731 
brachyftithum. Blue . 7, H. A. l| China . 17S1 
mtUtiplez . . Yarieg. 7, H. A. l^ China . 1781 



hort^nse: 




rlibrum . . 


.Red .7,H. 


Tariag&tum . 


. Varieg. 7, H. 


indicum 2 . . 


.Blue .7, H. 



A. 1} China . 1781 
A. ll China . 1781 
A. l{ K Indies 18S0 

CALLlSTklcON, i2. Brown. The name refers to 
the beautiful scarlet colour of the stamens of 
some species ; and is derived from kcUlisUa^ 
beautiful, and stsrnm^ a stamen. Linn. 12, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. FabdcecB. These are species 
of great beauty, and should be cultivated in 
all conservatory or greenhouse collections ; 
particularly those with scarlet or crimson 
flowers. Loam, peat, and sand, is the best 
soil for them ; and ripened cuttings strike 
readily in sand, or sandy loam, under a glass : 
they are also' sometimes increased from seeds. 
Synonymes: 1, Metrosidiroa cUHnua; 2, M. 
lophdnthua ; 8, M. reguibsua; 4, M. aaUgnus; 
5, M. specibaui; 6, M. vimindlis; 7, M. viri- 
difldrus. 

brachyfodrum Cr. T. 0» G. Ev. 8. 8. Auatra . 1810 

formJwus . . Cr. Y. 5, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL . 1824 

lanoeol&tus 1 . Crim. 0, G. £v. 8. 10 N. 8. W. . 1788 

leptosttfohyum . Green 0, G. Ev. 8. N. HolL . 1820 

linearifdUus. . Red . 5, G. Ev. 8. 10 N. 8. W. . 1820 

llne&ris . . . 8car. . 0, G. Et. 8. 6 N. 8. W. . 1788 

lophlbithus 2 . Pui. . 0, G. Ev. 8. N. 8. W. . 1800 

maiKin&tus . . White 0, G. Ev. 8. N. 8. W. . 1810 

microphalli . Pur. . 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HolL 1824 

microst^chyum Red . 8. G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL . 1830 

pinifbliua . . Green 0, G. Ev. 8. N. 8 W. . 

pflngens . . . Crim. .% G. Ev. 8. 6 N. S. W. . 1827 

rlgidus . . . Crim. 4. G. Ev. a 4 N. HolL . 1800 

ruffuldaus a . . Pl^ ft, G. Ev. 8. N. 8. W. . 1821 

saUgnuB 4 . . YeL . 0, G. Et. 8. N. Hoa . 1788 

BcAber .... Red . 4, G. EV. 8. N. Hon. . 1820 

semperfldrens . Crim. 4^ G. Ev. 8. 5 N. 8. W. . 1818 

■pecidsus 5 . . Crim. 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 N. 8. W. . 1822 

vimin&lls . . Red . 4, G. Ev. & 8 N. 8. W. . 1800 

viridifldrus 7 . Green 7, G. £v. 8. 6 N, HolL . 1818 

CALLiSTkPHUS, De CandolU. See CcUlisUmma, 
CALLiTHAtTMB, Herbert, From kcUos, beautiful, 
and ihaumay a thing to be admired. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. AmaryllieLdceo!. Bulbous 
plants, discovered in Peru, by Mr. M'Lean ; 
they require the same treatment as AmarffUis. 
Synonyms : 1, Pancrdtium viridiflbrum. 
angustifMium . Green . 6, G. BL P. 1 Pom . .1830 
spathul&tum . Green . 6, & Bl. P. 1 Tnixillo 18S0 
Tiridifltkrum 1 . Green . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 Peru . . 1889 

CALliTRiCHB, Wild. Named from halo$, beau- 
tiful, and ihrix, hair ; applied by Pliny to a 
plant, which had the colour of beautiful hair. 
Linn, 1, Or. 2, Nat Oi. CaUiirichdbcea. 
Plants not worth cultivating ; the seeds do 
well thrown into a pond. Synonymes: 1, C. 
a^rud/M;a~autumn^Llis, peduncuUtti^platycirpa, 
vema 1, y. aqudtica. 

CIllitris, VeniencU. From kalos, beautiful; 
in allusion to its beautiful appearance. Linn, 
21, Or. 9, Nat Or. Pinaceai. This is a beau- 
tiful genus, growing twenty^ or thirty feet 
high ; like the rest of the family it delights in 
sandy loam ; and increases from seed. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Thuja articuldta; 2, Cupriasu^ 
tHquUra^ Frenlla triqiUtra; 8, C. FotJvcrgilHi 
C. macrostdchya. See Frendla and Widdrin^ 
tdnia, 

cupreaslf^nnia . Apetal 8, G. Ev. T. SO N. HolL 1820 
Futhergllli 3 . Apetal 4, H. Ev. T. 15 C. G. H. 
quadrivflvis 1 . Apetal 2, G. Ev. T. 20 Barbary 1815 
triqutftra 2 . . Apetal 4, G. Ev. T. 15 C. G. H. 1820 



CAL 



102 



CAL 



CALiixENE, Comm. From kaloSf pretty, and 
xeiws, a stranger— beauty of plants. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. SmUdicea. Plants requir- 
ing shelter in a frame or greenhouse, to be 
grown in sandy loam and peat, and increased 
by underground runners. Synonyme : 1, Lu- 
zuridga erieta. 
polyph:^llA 1 . "Wh. rd. 4, G. Her. CI. 10 ChiU . 1847 

Callosb, callous, hardened. 

Callously - glandular, having hardened 
glands. 

Callously serrated, having hardened serra- 
tures. 

CallItna. See EHca. 

Calob6trya- See Rihes aanguineum, 

Cal6cera, Fries. Kalos^ beautiful, and kercu, 
a horn ; in allusion to the divisions of the 
plants. Linn, 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Agarichcem. 
These are remarkable productions found under 
the bark of various trees— cdrwm, ttiberdaa. 

CalochIlus, Brown, From kal4)s, beautiful, 
and cheiloSy a lip. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchiddcece, A genus of bulbous-rooted plants, 
verv showy when in flower. The sepals are 
yellowish green, and the lip purple, covered 
with rich brown hairs. They will grow in the 
greenhouse ; but they do best in the stove, 
treated as the BIHicts. 

cnrap^tris . Or. bm. . G. Tor. f N. Holland . 1824 
palud6Bus . Brown . G. Ter. f N. Holland . 18-23 

Caloch5rtus, Pursh. From kaloSy handsome, 
and chorttiSy gnaa. Linn. 6, Or.. 3, Nat. Or. 
lAlihcMi, This is a splendid genus i)f plants. 
The soil most suitable for them is sandy peat, 
and a little loam ; if the plants are grown in 
pots, they must be carefuUy drained, and the 
soil only watered as the growth happens to re- 
quire it In the winter they must oe treated 
like other frame bulbs. When the roots re- 
commence growing, shift them into new soil. 
They increase from offsets. Synonyme: 1, 
Cyclobdthra ilegans. 

Regans 1 . . White . 0, F. Bil F. i California 1828 
mtotu . . . Yel.8pot9, P. Bu. P. 1 California 1831 
macroc^puB . Purple . 8, F. Bu. P. 3 California 1826 
nUidus . . . Purple . 8, F. Bu. P. 1 Califomia 1826 
pffllidus . . Pa. br. 6, G. BL P. 11 Mexico . 1849 
spl^ndens . . W. spot 8, F. Bu. P. ll Califomia 1838 
Tontutua . . Lilao . 8, F. Bu. P. l| Oalifonua 1836 

CalodrIcon. See Droccbia. 

Calod^ndron, Thunhcrg. Derived from Jcaloa^ 
beautiful, and dendron^ a tree ; in reference to 
the beauty of the plant Linn, 5, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. ButdceoB. A tall -growing ornamental tree, 
succeeding in loamy soil ; and increases from 
cuttings, 
capdnse. . Pink . 6, G. Ev. T. 60 C. G. H. . . 1789 

CALONfcnoN, Choiay. The circumstance of 
the flowers opening at night has suggested the 
derivation oi the generic name, from kaZoSj 
beautiful, and nyx, night. Linn, 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. ConvolvulduxcB. Plants once regarded 
as species of Ipom<3ea and Convdlvulus, consti- 
tute this genus, 
pseudomoiic&tum . Purple 7, S. Ev. CL 6 E. Ind. 1827 

Calo6se. See Urtiea tenadssima, 

Calo^^alon. From kalos^ beautiful, and pe- 



talan, a petal— beauty of flowers. Linn. 17, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. FaHcetB. Australian plants, 
of easy culture in a mixture of light sandy 
loam and peat, and propagated by cuttings, 
rfngena . . Scar. yeL 6, G. £t. CL 4 Australia . 1859 
Cal6phaca, Fischer. Taken from kalos^ beau- 
tiful, axidphakey lentil. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or, FabacecB. An ornamental species ; it 
grows best in sandy loam ; and is multiplied 
by seeds. Synonyines : 1, Cptistis niger, pin- 
nAius, Wolgdricus. 
WolgMca 1 . Yellow . 5, H. De. S. 2 Siberia . 1786 

Cal6phai7ES, D. Don,^ Taken from kcUos, 
beautiful, and phainOf to appear ; alluding to 
the flowers. Linn, 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acan- 
i?idcece. This is an interesting addition to our 
hardy border flowers ; it succeeds best in loanl 
and peat ; and is readily increased by parting 
the roots. Synonyme: 1, BtUllia dblongU 
fblia. 
oblongiAlia 1 . Blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 CaroUna . 1832 

CALOPHf LLUM, Linn. Expressive of the beau- 
tiful leaf; and taken from kaloSj beautiful, 
and phyllon^ a leaf. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. CliisidcecB. Large-growing timber trees of 
considerable value. Sandy loam suits them 
best ; and young plants are easily procured 
from cuttings. Synonyme : 1, Cdlaba. 
Ctflaba . . . White . 6, S. Et. T. 40 India . . 1780 
Inopb^Uum . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 100 E. Indies 1793 
sptirium 1 . White . b, S. Ev. T. 40 Malabar . 1800 
Tocamah&ca . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 40 Bourbon . 1822 

Calop6oon, R. Brown. 'Fromkalos^ beautiful, 
and pogon, a beard ; the lip is beautifully 
fringed. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchidd- 
cece. This is a beautiful greenhouse plant, 
producing a few purple flowers on a stem, from 
twelve to eighteen inches high. It will grow 
well in peat and loam, and may be increased 
by dividmg the tuberous roots. Synonyme : 1, 
Limoddrum tuberosum. 
pulchOlus . Purple . 7, O. Tor. 1^ N. America . 1771 

Cal<5rophus. See 2Uatio, 

Calo8c6rdum, Herbert. From kaloSf pretty, 
and scordoUf garlic. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Lilidcece. A genus of bulbous plants, nearly 
allied to Allium, and requiring the same 
treatment as the ornamental species of that 
genus, 
nerinefldnim . Ro. pur. 5, G. BL P. 1^ Chusan . 184S 

CALOST^kHA, R. Brown, From kalosy beau- 
tiful, and siemma, a crown ; alluding to the 
flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amarylli' 
ddeeoe. These are handsome bulbous species, 
of tolerably easy culture ; they thrive best in 
sandy loam and a little peat mixed ; and are 
increased from offsets. 

flbum . . . "White 6, G. Bu. P. 1 N. HolL . 1824 
Cilmeum . . Flesh . 9, G. BL P. 1 Australia . 1887 
Cunninghteil Rose . 6, G. BL T. 1 Moreton B. 
mtoum . . . TeUow 11, G. Bu. P. 1 N. HolL . ISlfr 
purpbreum . Purple 11, G. Bu. P. 1 N. HolL . 1819 

CalothAmnus, Labillardih^, From kcUos, beau- 
tiful, And thamnos, a shrub. Linn. 18, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. Myrtdceoe. Beautiful shrubs ; they 
succeed well in "sandy peat; and cuttings 



CAL 



lOd 



CAL 



root freely in sand, or sandy mould, under a 

glass. 

clAv&ta . . Boarlet . 7, O. Ev. a 8^ N. HoL . 1824 

griciUB . . Scarlet . 7, G. £▼. B. 8 N. HoL . 1808 

lon^dUufl . Scsrlet . 7, O. £▼. 8. 8 N. Hoi. . 1840 

quadrlfida . Scarlet . 7. O. Br. 8. 8 N. HoL . 1808 

▼iUdaa . . . Scarlet . 7, O. Ev. 8. 8 N. HoL . 1808 

CAixyrBiux, Agcurdh. The name applies to the 
beauty of the filaments ; and is taken ^m 
kaloa^ beautiful, and thriXf a hair. Linn. 24, 
Or. 7, Nat. Or. ConfervdMoa. Minute, curious 
marine productions, found in little patches 
sometimes floating — confercicolor, diatJbrta, fas- 
ciculAlct, landAay I: fusciacenSf luUUa, mird- 
bilis, nhfea^ scopiUbrum; Berhleyhna^ ecupi- 
tilLla, hypnMes, interrAptaf Mucor, ruffsccTis. 

Cal6tib, Ji. Bronm. A derivation frem kodoB^ 
beautiful, and ouSf an ear ; alluding to the 
palese of the pappus. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Kat. 
Or. AsUrdtea. This species has wedgo-shaped 
leaves, and is very pretty ; it is multiplied by 
divisions, and grown successfully in any com- 
mon soil. 
cimeif61ia . Blue . 8, G. Her. P. 1. N. Holland . 1819 

Cal6tbopi8, R. Brown. Taken from kaloa, 
beautiful, and tropis^ a keel ; alladine to the 
keel of the flower. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
AseUpindacece. Any rich soil suits these beau- 
tiful species, young plants of which are readUy 
obtained from cuttings, or seeds. S^onyme : 
1, Aselipias gigdnUa. 

gigaatte 1 . . White 8, G. Ev. S. 5 E. Indies . 1090 
procira . . . White 8, 8. £▼. 8. 10 Persia . . 1714 

CalpicJLrpuv, Don. From calpist an urn, and 
karpoSf fruit, alluding to the shape of the 
fruit. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. ApocyndcecB— 
Roxh&rghii. See CirheraptUiedsa. The plants 
in this genus are said to be species of K6psia. 

CALPtjRNiA, Meyer. Name of a Roman lady. 
Li7in. 10, Or.], Nat. Or. Fabduce. See 

CIltha, Linn. A syncox)e oikalalhos, k goblet ; 
in allusion to the likeness of the form of the 
corolla to a golden cup. Linn. 18, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. Ranwiculdcecc. Tne species are showy, and 
do best in a moist situation, but will grow and 
flower in a common border. Seeds, or divi- 
sions. SyivonyTM: 1^ JiearioUUs. 
Arctica . . . TeUow 5, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1827 
asarifUia . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. I Uuilas . 1824 
bifldra . . . White . 6, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1827 
flabellifdlia . TeUow 4, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1818 
Ooveni&na . Yellow 4, F. Her. P. 1 N. India 1851 
integtfrrima . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. ^ N. Amer. 1827" 
leptoadpala . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. } N. Amer. 1827 
minor . . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. | Britain, hllLi. 
nUimB . . YeUow 6, H. Her. P. f Siberia . 1810 
poKUtria . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit^marahea. 
fldre-pltoo . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit, gardena. 
pamonifdlial Yellow 4, H. Her. P. k N. Amer. 1816 
rtfdicana . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. | Soot, marabea. 
ngitUta . . Gm-yL 11, H. Her. P. | G. Horn. 1840 

Caltrops water. See Trdpa, 

Caltrops. See Tribuliu. 

Calumba root. See Bryonia and C6ceultu 
palmatus. 

Calumba root (American). See Frazira 
WalUri. 

CALTCANTHlcEiE, a small order of beautiful 
early flowering shrubs, mostly hardy and of 
easy cultivation. 



CALYcAitTHUB, Linn. From kaiyx, a calyx, and 
anthoBf a flower ; in allusion to the colour of 
the calyx. Linn, 12, Or. 8, Nat Or. OcUy- 
eanthdceop. This is a valuable genus, with de- 
lightful fragrant flowers. They succeed in 
open loamy soil, and multiply by layers. See 
Uhimondntkus. 

fiSrtiliB . . . Brown 0, m De. S. 4 Carolina 1720 
fldridus . . . Brown 6. H. De. 8. 8 Carolina 1720 

aaplenifblius . Brown 7, H. De. 8. N. Amer. 

f%irox . . . Brown 7, H. De. 8. N. Amer. 

giaticus . . . Brown 7, H. De. 8. N. Amer. 

mod5ruB . . Brown 7, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. 

longifblius . . Brown 7, H. De. 8. N. Amer. 

obl6nguB . . Brown 8, H. De. 8. N. Amer. 

ov4tu8 . . . Brown 7, H. Do. 8. 8 N. Amer. 

▼arieeitua . . Brown 7, H. Do. 8. 6 N. Amer. 
lievig&tiu . . Brown 0, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1808 
maCTopb:^llua . Br. pur. 6, H. De. 8. California 1848 
oblonglf61iu8 . Brown 5, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 1820 
occident&lia . . Br. pur. 6, H. De. 8. 6 CtOiibmia 1850 
pennaylvtoi- | ^^^ g^ ^ p^ g ^ p^^^j ^^ 

CaltcerAcejb, a small order of obscure plants, 
principally from South America. 

Calyciform,' formed like a calyx. 

Caltcine, of or belonging to the calyx. 

CALYCoifUB. See Aerophpllwm. 

CALYCX>PHf LLUM, I>6 CandolU. From kaluXj a 
calyx, and phyllon^ a leaf ; one tooth of calyx 
expands into a coloured leaf. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Cinchondeeok For culture, &c refer 
to Mtusdknda. 
candidisaimum . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Cuba . . 1830 

CalyoStoma, Link, From kalyx, a calvx, and 
tomef a cutting. The calyx, when fallen, has 
the appearance of having been cut off. Linn. 
16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. FabdeetB. Synowytnes: 
Cptisus gpinisvSf OenUta spin^sOf SpdrUum 
9pind8um. See Cptimts, 
■plndaa . . YeUow . 8, H. Dec. 8. 4 & Europe . 1596 

Calyculate, I having bracteas resembling an 

Calyculated, ( external or additional cuyx. 

CalymIsnia. See Oxyhaphus. 

Calypso, Salisbury. Said to be from kaiypto^ 
to conceaJ ; in allusion to the habitat of the 
plant. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddoece. 
These are small, but extremely pretty species, 
well deserving a place in every garden. They 
grow best in sandy loam and peat, in a frame 
or warm border, by a south wall, and are in- 
creased by offsetts from the bulbs. Syno- 
nymes: 1, C. americd/iia; 2, O. horeilis. 
ameridUiaS . Pink . 5, H. Ter. . A N. Amer. 1820 
bore&llB 1 . . Bo. br. 6, F. Ter. . } N. Amer. 1806 

CALf FTRA, applied to the body which covers the 
theca in mosses ; anything in the shape of an 
extinguisher. 

CalyptrAitthes, Sicartz. From kdlyptrOf a 
veil, and anthos, a flower ; in allusion to the 
peculiar manner in which the united segments 
of the calyx fall off. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. MyrtacecB, Strong-growing ornamental 
timber trees, of easy management. Sandy 
peat suits them ; and young plants are ob- 
tained by layering the branches. Synonyme : 
1, Eughaa caryophylldta. See Syzpgiwn, 
caryopbyllildlial Wbite . 8, S. Er. T. 25 E. Ind. 1822 
Cbytracmia . . White . 4, 8. Ev. T. 25 Jamaica 1778 
JambolJLna . . Wbite . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 R Ind. 1708 
Zuo^gium . . . White . 0, 8. Ev. T. 25 W. Ind. 1778 



CAL 



104 



CAM 



CaltftrIria, Planch. Derived from kalyptra, 
a veil ; racemes with bracts. Liwn. 10, Or. 1, 
I^at. Or. MelasUnndieeat. A magnificent plant, 
resembling MediDilla magnifica, with large 
showy flowors y treatment the same as for 
Medinllla, and increased by cuttings. 
. luem^tha . Dk. pur. 9, 8. Ev. B. 2 N. Grenada 
CALfPTRiOK, Gingins. Derived from kalyptrOf 
a veil, and ion, a violet Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Violdeece. Pretty species ; peat and loam 
suits them ; and young plants are procured 
from seeds. Synonyrrus : 1, Vidla HyhdrUhuSf 
lonldium Hyhdnthus, See AnchiUea, 
Aubl^til 1 . . Cream . 6, 8. Ev. CL e Ouiana . 1828 
pyxifblium . . Cream . 6, 8. Et. 8. 8 Brazil. . 1823 

Caltst^iA, Loureiro. Named from kttlyXf 
calyx, and sUgOy a covering. Liwn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. ConvoltmldcecB. A few of these spe- 
cies are very interesting. They all succeed in 
common loamy soil, and are increased by 
divisions. Synonymes : 1, ConvdlviUua s^um ; 
2, Conv6lviUu8 spithamisua ; 3, Conv6lvulu8 
stdns. 

. 7. H. Ev. Tw. 8 Carolina 18ia 
. 7, H. De. Tw. H Dahurial828 
. 7, H. De. Tw. 20 



CatesbiAna 
dahUrica . 



eigant^ 
nedorfccea . 



miirKiD2tta. 
pub^Bcens 
reuifftrmifl 
a^ium 1 . 
incam&ta 
SoldandUa. 
spithamdba 
aylv^triB 3 
toment^yaa 8 



Rom 
Pink 
White 

Rose . -, ^ 

Pink .7, H. De. Tr. 8 N.iaolL1824 
Rose . 7. O. Ey. Tw. 8 China . 1844 
Pink .«, P. Her.P. 1 N.8.W. 1882 
Wh. gr. 9, H. De. Tw. 10 Brit , hedges. 



, 8" P. Her.Tw. 8 Nepaul 1838 
8 N.Ho 



. Red ~ . 7, H. De. Tw. 4 N. Amer. 
. Flame. 6, H. Ey. Tr. 1 Brit, sea ah. 
. White . 7, H. De. Tw. 1 N.Amer.l7M 
. White . 7, H. De. Tw. 1 Himgay.1816 
. Wh.pk. 0, H. De. Tr. 1 N.Amor.l818 
paraddosa, renifbrmia. 
Calttbrix, Labillardih^ So called from 
kalyoi, a calyx, and thriz, hair. Linn. 12, Or. 
1, Nat Or. MyrtacetB. These are handsome 
evergreens, of easy culture; sandy peat and 
loam mixed suits them ; and cuttings take rea- 
dily in sand, under a glass. 



angul&ta . 


. Yellow 6. G. Ev. a S Swan R. 


.1842 


ahrea . . 


. Brt.yl. 
.Pa.liL 


8, O. Ev. 8. 8wan R. 


.1842 


broyiafeta 


6, 0. Ev. 8. 2 8wan R 


.1843 


ericoldea . 


.White 


. 8, O. Ev. 8. 2 N HolL 


.1824 


floribtinda 


.White 


6, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL 


.1820 


glabra . . 


.White 


. 6, O. Ev. 8. 4 N. HoU. 


. 1818 


gluUntea . 


. Y pur. 
.W&te 


6, G. Ev. 8. 2 8wan R 


.1843 


pulxSsceua . 


6, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. HolL 


.1824 


s?r:-. 


. Blue . 


6, G. Ev. 8. 4 8wan R 


.1843 


.White 


. 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 8. Auatra. 


1824 


TarlAiUa . 


.Lilac . 


6, G. Ev. 8. 4 Swan R 


.1813 


virgita. . 


.White 


6, G. Ey. 8. 8 Australia 


.1828 



Calyx, the outer envelope of a flower. 

CamarIdium, Lindley. Aamaraf an arched roof ; 
tip of stigma, vaulted. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. OrdiidAcece. See Cymbidium oehroleucum, 

Cahara nutmeo TREE. See Acrodididiim. 

Camaru. See Physdlis pubiacens. 

Camar6tis, Lindley, Named in allusion to the 
chambered lip. Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Orchiddcea. The species of this desirable 
genus may bo successfully cultivated in a warm 
and humid stove, placed on a sound rough 
block of wood, with the bases of its lower roots 
protected by moss. Shading must be duly 
attended to. 

brasiU€nai8 . White . 8. S. EpL } Brasil . . . 1888 
obthaa . . . Rose . 4, 8. Epl. } India 



purptirea . . Purple 6, 8. E^ 1 E. Indies 



1844 
1837 



CamXhbta, Lindley. From qtumuus, or camoMy 
its native name in N. America. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat Or. Asphodelacea. The flowers of this 
beautiful plant are nearly two inches in dia- 
meter. Dr. Lindley scarcely remembers to 
have ever seen a more strikingly handsome 
bulbous plant 1 1 requires a peat border, under 
a north wall ; and is increased by bulbs and 
seeds. Synonyme : 1, Quamdsia eaeuUnia. 
ewnzlteta 1 . Purple 7, H. Bu. P. 1^ Oolumbia . 1827 

CiJCBiuu, the viscid fluid which appears between 
the bark and wood of Exogens, when the new 
wood is forming. 

Camboob. See Garx^nia Canibbffia and Cambdgia 
fftUta. 

Cambuy fruit. See Eiighvia. 

CAMEiiNA, Crantz, From chamaif on the 
ground, and linon^ flax ; in allusion to its 
dwarf habit Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat Or. Brtu- 
siciicece. The species have but little beauty, 
and require to be sown in the open border. C. 
acUlva is cultivated in some parts of Europe for 
the sake of the oil which is obtained from the 
seeds. Synonymes: 1, MyAgrwm aaitoam; 2, 
Cheirdnthut sylvfetris. 

Uza .... Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Caucasus . 1887 
■atlva 1 . . Yellow 6, H. A 1 Brit., co. fie. 
glabiita . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Brit. co. fle. 
pUtea 8 . . Yellow 5, H. A 1 Brit, co. fie. 

auitrieiea, harbareasfilia, dentdla, microcdrpa. 
Camellia, Ker. Named in honour of George 
Joseph Eamel, orCamellus, a Moravian Jesuit, 
and traveller in Asia. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat 
Or. TemstfwmuicecB. " All the species of 
Camellia are universally admired by every col- 
lector of plants, on account of their beautiful 
rose-like flowers, and elegjpt dark-green shin- 
ing laurel-like leaves. Thev are very hardy 
greenhouse plants and are of easy culture, re- 
quiring onlv to be sheltered from severe frost. 
The best soil for tiiem is an equal quantity of 
good sandy loam and peat ^ut some of the 
best Camellia growers have found that light 
loam alone answers very well. The pots should 
be well drained with pieces of potsnerds, that 
they may not get soddened with too much wet, 
as nothing injures them more than over-water- 
ing, particularly when they are not in a growing 
state. When growing freely, they can scarcely 
have too much, and they should be watered 
over the leaves with a fine rose-pot ; they are 
readily increased by cuttings, or inarching on 
the common kinds. The cuttings should be 
taken off at a joint as soon as they are ripened, 
and planted in sand, under a glass, where 
they wUl soon strike root ; when Uiis is the 
case they should be planted singly in small 
pots, and set in a close frame, and they 
must be afterwards hardened to the air by de- 
grees.'^ The season most proper to give the 
Camellias a general potting is Febmaiy and 
March. After this, put them into a peach- 
house or vinery, or a warm greenhouse, and 
give the plants plentv of water while they are 
making their young snoots ; when the season's 
growth is completed, and the flower-buds 
formed, the back of the greenhouse or even a 



CAM 



105 



CAM 



well-sheltered north border will suit them, for 
they will be seriously injured if exposed to the 
rays of the sun. A regular succession of flowers 
may be obtained from autumn till July, if at- 
tention is paid to shifting the plants to the 
warm atmosphere of a vinery, or pinery, &c., 
and to one a few degrees colder, and so on till 
they come to expand their flowers in the green- 
hoQse, which in rough, bleak, cold weather, 
should be kept closed. The seeds of C olH- 
fnu yield an excellent table oil. Synonyme : 
1, Sasdmqua rosea. See Polyap&ra. 

emyoldes . . White . 6, O.Et.S. 6 China . . 18S4 

hjrbrida . . .Red. .5, 0.Ev.S. 8 Li^ Hybrid 

lapdnica . . . Red . . 6, O.Ev.S. 12 China . . 1739 

KiMl .... White . 6, O.Er 8. 10 China . . 1828 

malifl6ral . .Pink . 8, G.By.S. 8 China . .1818 

oleffera . . .White . 6, 0.Ev.8. 6 China. .1819 

reticul&ta . . Red . .4. G.Ey.a 12 China. . 1824 

flor. pleno . . Red . . 4, O. Bt.8. 12 Cbina . . 

Sasihiqaa. . .White . 2. O.Ey.B. 6 China. .1811 

anemonefldra . Wh. yeL 2« O.Ev.8. 6 China . . 1868 

pl^na Aba . . White . 2, O.Ev.8. 4 China . . 1824 

pl^nartibra . Red . .2. O.Ev.8. 8 China. . 1818 

a^inipl^ja .Red. . 2, O.Ev.S. China. .1811 

Aeutipitalaf AUoniif dlba, a. pUna, a, semi- 
duploB, a. implex, a. variegata, AlbMi, Alex- 
hutf (tUheifibrOf AmJUnstia, amptiasima, aru- 
monefldra, a. dlba^ a. cdmea, a. Knlghtii^ a, 
rh$ea^ a, siriiUa, Antvxrphina, apHnga, dr- 
dens, arginteOy atropurphrea, cUrorubens, atro- 
violdeen, auetioifblia^ angusta, BeaiUe Suprhne, 
Bedjhrdii, bldnda, Urooksidna, BruxelUnsis, 
Bucklidfuif BurlesiAruij oandidiasima, Candol- 
ledna, eardindlis, edmea, cerastnti, caryophyl- 
loides, ChamUriiy ChandUriif Clintonia^ Clive- 
dna, eocdnea, cdlla, ColvUlei, compdcta, c 
ri^rdf Camptonidnaf cmiehiflbnjk^ cotuinnaf o6n- 
eoIoTf conapicua, coralRnaf corondta^ ComUde 
Paris, erassitUrvis, curvaMflora^ dahlicejlhu, 
decorot delicatissimaf Derhydna^ diUeta, dian- 
thiflwnt, Donkeladrii, DorsUUif Egtrtbniif. 
BcHptfis, eldta, eUeta^ iUgans^ eUgantissinui, 
BlphiTisthnii, Epsom&nsiSf excdlsa, ex^ia, fas- 
eieularis, Jimbridta^ Fionidna^ fldcdday flam- 
miola, flav^scens, floribUnda, flMda, Fl6yii, 
foliis-varUgdtiSy Fbrdii^ Prancforihtsis^fiilgens, 
Oaussdnii, QilUsii, glcnribsa^ grandiflhray Qrif- 
finii, Ifalisii, H&lltyi, Bayldckii, JUlvola, h^- 
iangulcriSf HerbirtU^ Juterophplla^ hexangu- 
Idris, mii)Mii^ Hhvei, Mmilis^ igrUswns, im- 
briedla, f. dlba, imperidlis, inoarndta, Inno- 
einza, imAgnis, i. dlba, involtUay Johnadnii, 
JtAUee^ kermeAita^ Knightii, IdcUa^ Lamber- 
tidna, Lancmdnnii, laiifhlioj lAda^ Lihiif Lee- 
dna, Lef&vreana, Lehmdnnii, Undbriat Lind- 
Uyana, liiiedta^ Leopdldii, Umgifblia^ Ldurii, 
lUeidOy HUeO'diba, Ttiacrophplla, marmordta^ 
Mdrthttf MasUrsli, MathoUidnia, mdximOf mi- 
nidtct, minuta, mutdbilis, myrtijUia, ndnOj 
nanneUmnSj niveoy nobilissima, oehroleilica,omd- 
ta^ oxoniinsiSt poBordxfldray papaveracea^ para- 
d6xa^ Pdrksiif Parthonidna, parvifldra, penicU- 
IdUif per/iciUf picturdta, pUUypitala, plumaria, 
pompdnia, prdegnanSy Prisni, Prisaii rosea, 
princepa, pulcfUlla^ pulc?i4rrima, punctdta, 
quereifblia, nmunculiflbra, Beevisii, regince, 
respUndena, BMnii, roadcea, roaafldra-y rdaa- 
mandi, rdaa-sifUnais, rbsea, roaedna, BAssii, ro- 



tiindifdliOf BoiUiniy rubieHnda, ritbra, riihro' 
punctdta, rubrieaiUia, rugotiasima, SaMnidna, 
aanguUiea, aemi-plina^ aerieea, Simaii, Soulau' 
gedna, apatiUdta, apecibaa, a^ectdbUia, Spoffor- 
thidna, S^-cdmea, apol6fera, aiaminea, aupirha, 
aujAna, Suadnna, Stoeilii, tricolor, triinipJuiTia, 
Vandiaii, V.-ednua, V.-aup^rba, varidbilia, 
variegdia, v. plhta, VerachaffUti, V. simplex, 
ve7i6aa, versicolor, Wadiedna, Weimdrii, Wei- 
bankidna, WiUbnii, Woddsii. 

CAums THORN. See Alhdgi Maurbrum. 

CahbrIria, Linn. In memory of Joachim 
Camerarius, a physician and botanist of Nu- 
remberg. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocy- 
ndeece. The species of this genus are hand- 
some flowering plants, of easy culture; they 
succeed best in loam and peat mixed ; and cut- 
tings root in sand, under a glass, in heat. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, WHghtia dUbia. See Tabemce- 
mofUdna. 

angustiAUa . White . 9. S. Et. 8. 8 8. Amer. 1752 
dhbin 1 . . Orange . 6, 8. Et. S. 6 E. Ind. .. 1813 
latifblia . . White . 8, 8. Er. T. 25 Hayan. . 1733 

CXmmara. See Lamtdna Cdmmara^ 

GXmma&um. See AoonUum Cdmmarum^ 

CahpAnia, Don, From campama, a bell, from 
the form of the corolla. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Oeancraeece. A genus separated from 
Drymbnia, and requiring the same treatment ; 
they are easily increased by cuttings. <S';^no- 
nymea : 1, DrymJbnia grandifibra, Bealiria 
grandiflh-a. 
gnmdifldra . 1 Whl er. 8, 8. CL P. 2 8anta Fee . 1848 

Campav umAa, Leib. and Zucc. From campana, 
a bell, and homoioa, similar. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. CampantUdcea. For culture refer to 
Campdnula. 
lanoeolAta . Or. blue 7, F. Her. P. 1 Japan . . 

Campanula, Linn. The name is a diminutire 
of campana, a bell ; on account of the resem- 
blance thereto of the corolla. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. CampanuldceoB. This is a sliowy and 
well-known genus; some of the species are 
tall-growing handsome plants, while others 
scarcely rise more than a few inches from the 
ground. They are all of easy culture in the 
border of the flower garden or shrubbery, where 
the hardy kinds merely require sowing ; the 
less hardy kinds should be sown on a hotbed, 
or in the greenhouse, and when up potted off. 
The roots of C. BapHmculua are occasionally 
eaten. Synonymea : 1, rupiatria; 2, RoUla 
dec&mbena ; S, C. eapitdta; 4, negUcta ; 5, 
apeUuldta ; 6, apecibsa ; 7, diffHtaa ; 8, betoni- 
ece/blia; 9, Aden6p?iora liliifblia; 10, C. bal- 
d&naia; 11, muUifldra; 12, glomerdta petrdsa ; 
18, lobelvAdea ; 14, gummifera ; 15, glomerdUa 
dahi^riea; 16, planiflbra; 17, flexudra ; 18, 
integ4rrimum. See PkUychdon, Symphidndra, 
Adenjbphora, lAghtfodtiaf Prismatocdrptta, Sd- 
molua, Wahlenbirpa. 

acuminata . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. . 1888 
Idaml . . Blue . 7, H. B. 1 Caucosua 1821 

amnifl . . . Blue . 7, H. R 1} 8- Bur- • 18^ 

aggreffjlta . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Bavaria . 1817 
iiUiAi&f61ia . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. | Caucaaua 1803 
AUidnii . . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1 8. I^Yance 1820 
alplna . . . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1) 8witaerL 1770 



CAM 



106 



CAM 



AIp\nl . . . Blue . 

ameridLna . Blue 

anffuatifdlla . Blue 

ftrmena . . Blue . 

atlrea . . . Tel. . 
finguBtaf61ia TeL 

latifMia. . Yel. . 

astirea . . LL blue 

barbita . . LI. blue 
cySnea. . . Blue 

BarreliM . Blue . 

Beli^Lrdi . . Blue . 

bollidifblla . Blue . 

betonicnfbUa Blue . 



Bioberete- ) to«^ 



ni&na 
bononidnsie ' Blue 

C8DBpiU»sa . Blue 
calyclna . . Blue 
capdnsiB S . Blue . 
CarolinUna . Blue . 
carpltica . . Blue 

tflbft . . . White . 
caucdslca . Purp. . 
cenfsia . . Blue 
cephalibiibA. Blue 
cephaldtes . Blue 
cdmua . . Blue 
Cervidlria . Li. blue 
corvicaroldes Blue . 
cichor&oea 8 . Blue . 
colllna . . Blue 
color&ta . . Blue 
oongdsta . . Blue 
oorymb6aa . Blue 
cren&ta 4 . . Blue 
dohfsoens . Blue . 
dichdtoma . Blue 
diT^rgonsS .Blue . 
drabcafMia . Fa. blu. 
EUKtine . . Pa. blu. 
AegaxiB . . Pa. Uu. 
elliptica . . Blue . 
crlnoldos . . Pa. blu. 
Erlniis . . Pa. blu. 
eriocjkrpa . Purp. . 
exclsa . . Blue . 
fuliftsa . . Blue . 
fnSflrilis 7 . . Blue . 

birslita . . Blue . 
gargdnica . Pa. blu. 
glomor&ta . Violet . 

tfllMreUta . White . 

elata . P^"® • 
fldre-tflbo . White . 
fldroplteo)^^ _,,_. 
piurSreof^P"'- 
ulacina . . Lilac . 
pallida . . Pa. yel. 
pltea-IUba . White . 

gracilis . . Blue . 

graniiulfdlia. Blue . 

grILndia . . Blue 

fummffera 8 Blue 
ederAcea . Blue 
Hermfnii . Blue . 
heterod6xa . Blue . 
hiapfdula. . Blue . 
infundiba- )t>i,„ 

lifdrmla P^"® • 
infundfbu- l.«,,im 

lum. . i^^' • 
lacini4ta . . Blue . 
Iactifl5ra . . Blue . 
lamiifblia . Pa. yeL 
Ianc«ol&ta . Blue 
lanugin6aa . Blue . 
latifblia . . White . 

fl5ra-tflbo . White . 
lili{f5Ua9. .Blue . 
lingtiUta . . Violet . 
UniidUa . . Blue . 
Uttoiilia . . Blue . 



. 7, 



H. Her. 
H. 

H. Her. 
H. 

G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
O. Ev. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. 
H. 



P. 1 
B. 1 
P. 1 
B. 1 
8. S 
8. 8 
8. 2 
P. U 
P. U 
P 1 
P. 1 

P. * 
B. 2 
B. 1 



Italy . . 1800 
PennayL 1768 
Franoe . 1818 
Ruaela . 1826 
Madeira . 1777 
Madeira . 1777 
Madeira . 1777 
SwitaerL 1778 
Italy . . 1752 
1836 

Italy . . 1818 
Pyrenees 1823 
Greece . 1820 



H. Her. P. i Caucasua 1820 

H. Her. P. 2 Italy . . 1773 

Mogadore 1825 

Auatrfa . 1810 
Tauria . 1820 
C. G. H. . 1808 



H. Her. 

H. Her. 

G. 

H.Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H.Her. 

H. Her. 

G. 

H. 

H.Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. 

H.Her. 

G. 

H. 

H. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H.Her. 

H. 

H. 

H.Her 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

F. Her. 

F. Her. 

H.Tr. 

H. Her. 

H.He^. 

H.Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H.Her. 

H. Her. 

G. 

H.Her. 

P. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. 



A. 1 



P. 

A. 1 
P. 

P. 1 
P. , 
P. '. 
P. 

P. 1 
P. 1 



P. 1 

P. 2 

P. 1 

P. 2 

P. 1 

B. 2 

P. 2 

A. 1 
A. 
B. 
A. 
Tr. 

P. 1 

P. 1 



1 3 



Cam Alpa 1774 
gard. "vtuiety. 
Caucaaus 1808 
SwitwrL 1777 
Russia . 1814 
1815 

B. ^ C. G. H. . 1S04 
R 8 Germany 1808 
Italy . . 1822 
Greece . 1768 
Caucaaua 1803 
Hlmalay. 1849 
France . 1823 
Crete . .1820 
Ruaaia . 1820 
E. Ind. . 1818 
Sicily . . 1820 
Hungary 1814 
Athena . 1823 
8. Eur. . 1823 
Siberia . 1811 
Hungary 1826 
A. i Africa . 1828 

A. I 8. Eur. . 1768 
P. 2 Caucasita 1823 
P. ^ SwitserL 1820 
P. 1 Italy . . 1826 
P. i Alpa . . 1826 
P. i Italy . . 1838 

B. i M.8.Ang. 1880 
P. 2 Brit, chk. pa. 
P. 2J Hybrid, gard. 

P. 2i Hybrid, gard. 

P. 2 Brit, chk. pa. 

P. 1 Hybrtd, gard. 

P. 1 Hybrid, gard. 
P. 1 Hybrid, gard. 
P. 1 Brit,gDnlena. 
B. 1 N. a W. . 1704 
P. I Hungary 1817 
P. 1 Natolia . 1842 
Caucamis 1817 
C. G. H. . 1817 
Portugal 1828 
Hungary. 1824 
C. G. H. . 1817 



P. 1 

P. 

A. 

P. 

A. 



H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1822 



H. Her. 

H.Her 

H.Her. 

H. Her. 

H.Her. 

H. 

H.Her. 

H.Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

ILHer. 

G. 



P. 2 Siberia . 1825 

Greece . 1788 
Siberia . 1810 
Iberia . 1828 
France . 1819 
1814 
Brit,paaturea. 
Brit, wooda. 
Siberia . 1784 
Hungary 1804 
SwitaerL 1819 
N. HoIL . 1820 



P. 2 

P. 4 

P. 8 

P. 1 

B. 2 

P. 4 

P. 8 

if 



Losflfugii . . Blue . 

longifcVUa . Blue . 

L6rei 10 . . Purp. . 

lyriLta . . . Violet . 

macrtfntha . Lilac . 

polyKntha . Blue . 

""^S^. }«". . 

MMium . . Blue . 

Abum . . White . 

purpurea . Purp. . 
microph^Ua. Blue 
m611i8 . . . Purp. . 
Moorcrofti- Im,,^ 

toa . . f™"*> • 
muriUia . . Blue 
negldota . . Blue 
nic8B^nalal2 Purp. . 
nitlda . . . White . 

ceeriklea . . Blue . 
n6bilia . . Pa. pur. 
Nutt&llU . . Blue . 
obUqua . . Blue 
obliquifblia . Blue . 
OttoniAna . Blue . 
parrifltea . Blue . 
pdtula. . .Violet . 
pdndula . . Cream . 
peregrtna . Blue 
peraicifblia . Blue 

tflba . . . White . 

Aba-nl^na . White . 

grtbidia . . Blue 

maxima . Blue 

pltea . . Blue . 
planiflbra . Blue . 

^^. }^n>. . 

pub^Bcona . Blue . 

pulchdrrima. Blue 

grtbidia . . Blue . 

coron^ta . Blue . 

ptUla . . . Blue . 

ptunila . . Blue 

fldre-flbo . White . 

punctata . . White . 

puaOla . . Blue . 

pyramidilis. Blue . 

fl6ro-(flbo . White . 

guadriflda . Blue . 

Raintra . . Blue . 

'"nf: }«»• • 

Raptinculua. Blue . 
rhomboldea. Blue 

rtibra . . Rdah.lL 
rig^acena . . Blue . 
rotundif 61ia . Blue . 

fl6re-flbo . White . 

fldro-pl^o. Blue . 
ruth&iica . Blue . 
aarm&tica 14. Blue . 
aaxKtilia . . Blue . 
Scheuchairi. Blue . 
aibfrica . . Blue . 
almplex . . Blue . 
apatul&ta . Blue . 
apeddaa 15 . Purp. . 
apic&ta . . Blue . 
aprtta . . . Blue 
Btrfcta . . Blue . 
Btrigdaa . . Purp. . 
avlvdtica 18 . Blue . 
^n5rii . . Blue 
tenuliblia. . Violet . 
thyraoldea . Blue 
tomentdea . White . 
TrachUium . Blue . 

Aba . . . White . 

flba-pltea . White . 

plina . . Blue 
tracheloldea. Blue . 
*^^y- JBlue . 



7, H. A. 

7, H. Her. P. 
0, H. A. 

7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

5, H. Her. P. 

6, H. R 

7,H. a 

7, H. B. 

7, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Her P. 
6, G. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

8, F. Her. P. 
7,H. B. 
«, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
7. H. Her. P. 

5, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

6, H. B. 

7, H. Her. P. 

8, G. Ev. 8f 
7, H. B. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. B. 

7, H. B. 

8, H. Her. P. 
8, H. Her. P. 
8, H. Her. P. 
8, H. Her. P. 
8, H. Her. P. 
8, H. Her. P. 
8, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

7, G. Hor. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 

6. H. Hor. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 

5, H. A. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

7, H. A- 

6^ H. Her. P. 

7. H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
8,H. B. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. B. 

5, H. Her. P. 
7, H. B. 
7, H. Her. P. 

6, H. B. 

7, H. A. 
e, H. A. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. B. 

6. H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 



1 S. Eur. . 1818 
4 Pyrenees 1820 
U It*Uy . . 1824 
li 8. Bur. . 1823 
8 Hybrid . 1834 
8 Ruaaia . 1830 

1^ Hungaiy. 1814 

4 Germany 1597 

2 Germ., gard. 
2 Germ., gard. 

i Hnngary. 1820 

1 SicQy . . 1788 

Nepal. . 1849 

i 8. Eur. . 1885 

2 1818 

! Piedmont 1820 
N. Amer. 17S1 
N. Amer. 1781 
1 China. . 1844 

1 N. Amer. 182€ 
8 1813 

2 Italy . . 1828 
^ C. G. H. . 1825 
i Iberia . 1819 

1 Brit.,paature8. 

1 Caucasua 1828 

2 C. G. H. . 1794 
8 Europe . 159(5 
8 Europe . 1596 
8 Europe 
8 Europe 
8 Europe 
8 Europe 
2 Siberia 



. 1596 
. 1596 
. 1596 
. 1596 
. 1817 



2 Portugal. 1854 
1^ Bohemia. 



IAuatria . 1779 
Switaerl. 
SwitserL 
Siberia . 1818 
\ SwitccrL 1821 
4 Camiola . 1594 
8 Europe . 
4 N. Hoa . 1820 
1 Italy . . 1826 

i Greece . 1820 

3 England . 

8 
2 
1 



Brit, hedges. 
Switzerl. 1776 
SwitzerL 

t Siberia . 1820 
Brit, heatha. 

1 Brit, wooda. 

I Brit, gardona. 

2 Caucasua 1815 
2 Siberia . 1803 
1 Candia . 17(« 

f Europe . 1813 
1 Siberia . 1788 
8. France 1819 
Greece . 1817 
Siberia . 1826 
SwitrcrL 1786 
Siberia . 1820 
Syria . 
Syria . 

} Nepal. 

1 Naplea 
I Hungary. 1817 

2 Switaerl. 1786 
Levant . 1810 
Brit, wooda. 
Brit, gardena. 
Brit, gardena. 
Brit, gardena. 
Caucaaua 1817 



.1819 
. 18.i7 
.1840 



8 Italy . . 1823 



GAM 



107 



CAN 



imifldra . . Blue 


6, F. Her. P. 


} Lapland . 1816 


iuticif61ia. . Blue 


. 8, H. Her. P. 


S Qermany 1800 


fldre pltoo . White 


7. H. Her. P. 




Vandal . .Creftm 


fi, H. Her. P. 


Is. Bur. .1826 


velutlna . . Blue 


fl, H. Her. P. 


VicUOlii . .White 


7. H. Her. P. 


2 Asores . 1845 


Thng&te . . Blue 


7, H. Her. P. 


\ N. Amer. 1823 


▼erafcolor 1«. Striped 


8, H. Her. P. 


1 Siberia .1788 


▼loUefbUa. .Blue 


. 7. H. B. 


i Siberia . 1817 


^^?^-}Bin> 


6, H. Her. P. 


i Hungary 1834 


Z6ysii . . . Dk. blu. 7, H. Her. P. 


1 Camiola . 1813 



OAHFAimJLcKS, on order of well-known plants, 
chiefly herbaceons, of which the common hair 
bell is an example. 

Campanulatb, Dell-shaped. 

Campkacht wood, or Logwood. See ffcBma- 
tdxylon Campeachidnum. 

CAMPkLiA, Richard. So named from kampe^ a 
hendingi and helios^ the sun. Linn, 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. CoTfimelyndrecB, An interesting plant, 
growing in any rich soil, and increased by 
seeds. Synonyme: 1, Tradescdntia Zanonia, 
Zandnia 1 . . Blue . 8, S. Her. P. S W. Indies . 1759 

Camphire tree. See Cinnamdmum edm- 
pkara. 

Camphor tree. See Oinnamomum cdmpJiorcu 

Camphor Chinese. See Cinnamhmum cdm- 
plwra and gladcum. • 

Camphor Sumatra. See Dryohdlanops cdm- 
phora. 

Camphor oil of Borneo. See Dryohdlanops 
edmpkora, 

Camphor6sma, Linn. Named from campJiora, 
camphor, and oamef a smell ; the former a 
Latin and the latter a Greek word. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Chenopodidcecs. The species 
have but little beauty. C, TtumspeUaca abound.^ 
with a volatile oily salt, and is warm and 
stimulating. 

monspellaca . A petal . 8, Q. Ev. 8. l\ S. Europe 1640 
adUa, ovdUa. 

Campion. See CucHibalus. 

Campion rose. See Lf^chnis. 

Campoman^sia, De CandolU. Named after 
Bodriquez, C. de Campomanes, a Spanish na- 
turalist. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myrtacex. 
For culture, &c., refer to CallisUmon. 
lineariiblia . . White . 4, O. Ev. a 8 Peru . . 1824 

Campterla, Presl. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat, Or. 
PolypodidiCecB. Synonymes : 1, PUris biaHrita ; 
2. Pteris nemordlis. 

biaHrita 1 . Pa. veL&hr. 6, 8. Her. P. IJ W. Ind. 1824 
nemorUi8 2 TeUowbm. 6, S. Her. P. l} L Hour. 1823 

Camptos&ma, Hooker, From kamptos^ flexible, 
and aema, a standard. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or. Fdbdcece. A genus separated from Een- 
nfedya, and requiring the same treatment. 
Syjwnyme : 1, KennHya spUndens. 
rubicftnda . Scarlet . 6, G. Ev. Tu. 8 N. a W. . 1788 

CamptlAnthus, RoUh, Named from kampylos, 
a curve, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 2, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. PrimulAeece. An ornamental 
plant succeeding in sandy loam and peat ; 
and increased from cuttings in sand, under a 
glass, 
salaololdefl . Purple . 8, O. Ev. a 1. Tenoriffe . 1825 



Camwood. See Mphia nUida. 

Camptlob6trts, Book. From campyUy a curve, 
and botrySf a raceme ; the racemes of the 
flowers are curved. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
JlubidceoR. The species at present introduced 
are very pretty little plants, growing in peat 
and leaf mould, and are readily increased by 
cuttings placed under a glass. 

discolor . . Red. wht. 6, S. Ev. 8. U Brasil . 1850 
reMlgens . . Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. 8. 1^ Brazil ? 
smanSgdina . Purple . 6, S. Ev. 8. 1 Brazil? 

Canada rice. See Zizdnia aqudiica. 

Canada tea. See GauUh^ria proc&mbens. 

Canadian mugwort. See Artemisia cana- 
d^Tisis. 

Canagong. See Meaembrydnthemum OBquiU^ 
tcrdle. 

Canaliculate, channelled, furrowed. 

CakarIna, Linn. So called from the species 
being natives of the Canaries. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Campanuldcece. These are desir- 
able plants, producing pretty flowers in the 
autumn and winter. Unless the roots are 
placed in the stove after they begin to grow 
in the spring, they do not flower so well in 
the greenhouse. A mixture of light loam and 
peat is the best soil for them ; plants are pro- 
cured from cuttings, which strike in soil, or 
by dividing the roots. 

Camp&iiula . Orange 2, G. Her. P. 3 Canaries . 1696 
liBvlg&ta . . Orange 2, G. Her. P. S Canaries . 1825 

Canart-bird flower. See Tropdeolum ad&n- 

cum. 
Canary grass. See PhMaris. 
Canary seed. See Pkdlaris. 
CanayAlia, Dee. Canavali is its name in Ma- 
labar. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fabdcece. 
These species have but little to recommend 
them ; for culture, &c., see D6lichos. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Dtlichos ensifbrmisj 2, D. oblusi- 
fblius; 8, D. rdaetu. 
bonari^nsis . Purple 7, a De. d. 3 B. Ayres . 

Purple 7, S. A. 3 E. Indies 1778 
W. red 6, a Ev. Tw. 6 E. Indies 1790 
Purple 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 6 E, Indies 1820 
Purple 7, S. Ev. Tw. 6 E. Indies 1800 
Purple 7, 8. Ev. Cr. 8 Jamaica . 1812 

Cancellated like lattice- work. 

CandArum. See Ppthion, 

Candelabrum, or C^andeuer tree. See 
Panddntts eandeldbrum. 

Candleberry myrtle. See Myrica. 

Cand<5llea, Labillardiire. In honour of Au- 
eustus Pyramus Decandolle, F.M.R.S. and 
L.S., Professor of Botany at Geneva, author 
of many approved botanical works. He 
was one of the first botanists of his time. 
Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. DillenidcecB. A 
beautiful genus, thriving best in a mixture of 
loam, peat, and sand ; cuttings, in the same 
kind of soil, root readily under a glass. See 
BibbiHia. 

Brun5ni8 . . Yellow . 6, O. Ev. 8. 6 8. River . 1837 

cuneiftrmiB . Yellow . 7, O. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoIL . 1824 

Hbgelii . . Yellow . O. Ev. 8. 8 8. River . 1837 

tetrtbidra . . Yellow . G. Ev. 8. 4 8. River . 1843 

Candy carrot. See Aihamdnia MaWuola. 
Candytuft. See Ib^ris. 



ensif drmis 1 . 
gladiita . . 
obtusif51ia2 . 
emaigin&ta . 
rdseaS . . . 



CAN 



108 



CAN 



Cane-bhake. See Arundindria, 

CanI^lla, p. Broume. From eannctf a reed ; in 
allusion to the bark being rolled like cinnamon. 
linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Canelldceoe. These 
are valuable and ornamental treeR, about fifteen 
feet high, best cultivated in loam, peat, and 
sand ; cuttings of the well-ripened wood taken 
off at a joint will root in sand in a moist heat ; 
they must not be deprived of any of their 
leaves. Sweet recommends large old cuttings 
as the best. The bark is aromatic and pun- 
gent. 

flba . . . White . «, 8. Ev. T. 40 W. Indies . 1786 
l&urifblla . White . 6, 8. £▼. T. 26 8. America. 1820 

CANELiiAcEiK, a small order of West Indian 
aromatic plants, consisting of only a few spe- 
cies. 

Can^scbnt, hoary, approaching to white. 

CanIna, pertaining to do^. 

Canker brand. See Uredo caries. 

CXnna, Linn. The Celtic name for a cane or 
mat Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Marantdcece. 
This is a genus worthy of cultivation in all 
collections, as its livelv flowers are produced 
in great abundance and at all seasons ; many 
species are now in our collections ; the most 
splendid is iridifiwray which is amongst the 
handsomest plants of the stove ; rich light soil 
suits the species best ; they are propagated by 
divisions at the root, or by seeds, which they 
produce in abundance. Synonyme: 1, C. chi- 
ninsis. 



acUras . 


. Dk. red 8, 8. Her. P. 


4Hendozal829 


angu8tif51ia 


. Scarlet 4, 8. Her. P. 


2 8.Amer. 


1824 


aumntlaca 


. Oraugo 12, 8. Her. P. 


4 Brazil . 


1824 


ahrea . . 


. YeUow 12, 8. Her. P. 


2 




blcolor . . 


. Yei rd. 8, 8. Her. P. 


2 




bnuili^sU 


.Red . 8, 8. Her. P. 


2Braeil . 




c^meu . . 


. Flesh . 12, 8. Her. P. 


4BrasU . 


1822 


cocclnca . 


. 8carlet 12, 8. Her. P. 


2 S.Ainer. 


1781 


compiSota . 


.Red .4, 8. Her. P. 


1 Ifi. Ind. . 


1820 


cr6coa . . 


.Red . 6, 8. Her. P. 


2 


1828 


cubdnsia . 


.Red .2, 8. Her. P. 


8 




denud&ta . 


. 8carlot 6, 8. Her. P. 


2BnuE{l . 


1818 


latif&lia . 


.Red .7, 8. Her. P. 


2Bra«il 


1818 


diBoolor . 


. 8carlet 11, a Her. P. 


8 Trinidad 1827 


edhlia . . 


.Red . 9, 8. Her. P. 


8 Peru 


1820 




Carmine 2, 8. Her. P. 


8 




Regans . . 


. Red . 6, 8. Her. P. 


2 




esculdnta . 


. Red . 12, 8. Her. P. 


4 8.Amer. 


1822 


excflsa 


. 8carlet 2. 8. Her. P. 


lOBraril . 


1820 


Fontclratonia Rod . 6, 8. Hor. P. 


8 




illccida. . 


. Red . 7, 8. Her. P. 


6 8. Carol. 


1788 


floribtknda 


. Rd.yeL 6, 8. Her. P. 


2 




gigantto . 


. Rd.yeL12, 8.Her. P. 


6 8.Amer. 


1809 


glahca . . 


. YeUow 7, 8. Her. P. 


2 S-Amer. 


1780 


rhfa . . 




2 S.Axner. 




rtibro-lhtea 


. Yel. red 8, 8. Her. P. 


8 Jamaica 1834 


grtfndis. . 
Hooktoi . 


.Red . ,8. Her. P. 






. Cannln. 12, 8. Her. P. 






fndica . . 


. Scarlet 12, 8. Her. P. 


2 India 


1670 


macuUlta 


. RedyeLl2,8.Her. P. 


2 India 




Iridiflbra . 


. Red . 12, 8. Her. P. 


6 Peru 


1816 


jdncea . . 
KarteteiBl- ) 
Una . . J 


.Red . 6, 8. Her. P. 


Undies 


1820 


Scarlet 12, 8. Her. P. 


2 




La^undnsis 


. Red veL 9, 8. Her. P. 
.Scarlet 6, 8. Her. P. 


8 Laguna 
4 Trliiidac 


1828 


lAmb^rti . 


11819 


lanceol&ta . 


.Red .12, 8. Her. P. 


SBrazil 


1826 


lanugindea 


.Scarlet 4, 8. Her. P. 


6Marant 


.1828 


latifblia . 


.Pink .12, 8. Her. P. 


SBrazU 


.1820 


leptoph^lla 
limfl6ra . 


.Red . 9, 8. Her. P. 
. White . 8. Her. P. 


8 




limb&ta . 


.Rod .12, 6. Her. P. 


8Bradl 


.1818 


Iindley4na 


.Yel. red 8. Her. P. 






mtea . . 


. YeUow 10, 8. Her. P. 


2E.Ind. 


.1629 



macuUlta . 
magnlfloa . 
Mfilleri. . 
muflttflbra . 
mutAiiliB . 
nepal^nsia 
ocddentlLlii 
orient&lial 

fl&va . . 
pOUda . . 

latif 5Ua . 
X)&tenB . . 
peduncul&ta 
peruvi&na.. 
polymdrpha 

Bupdrba . 
RofevesU . 

xtibro-ltitea 
rdsea . . 
rtibra . . 
rubric^dls 
aangulnea . 
8chub6rtU 
8ell6wi . 
specidsa . 
spocttfbilis 
syly&itriB . 
▼arilEbilii} . , 
Tlllbsa . . 
WarcBewfc2ii 



, Soar.yel 8, 8. Her. P. 



Rod 

Red 

Red 

YeLnxl 

Red 

Rd.yeL 

Red . 

Yellow 

Pa. yel. 

YeUow 

Rdyel. 



7, a Her. P. 

. 8. Her. P. 

a Her. P. 

6, 8. Her. P. 

6, a Hor. P. 

6, a Her. P. 

6, a Her. P. 

6, 8. Her. P. 

6, a Her. P. 

6, a Her. P. 

6, a Her. P. 
Orange 10, 8. Her. P. 
Maroon 6, 8. Her. P. 
Rod . 12, a Her. P. 
Red . 8, a Her. P. 
Yellow 6, a Her. P. 
, YeLred 8, 8. Her. P. 
Rose . 9, 8. Her. P. 
Red . 12, a Her. P. 
Red . 6, a Her. P. 
Red . 12, a Her. P. 
Yel. red 12, 8. Her. P. 
Red . 12, a Her. P. 
Red . 8, a Her. P. 
Scarlet 8, 8. Her. P. 
Scarlet 12, 8. Her. P. 
Red . 12, 8. Her. P. 
Red . 8. Her. P. 
Red . 8, a Her. P. 



3 E. Ind. . 1670 
2aAmer. 



2 

2 Nepal . 

8 W. Ind. 1822 
4 B Ind. . 1820 
4 R Ind. . 1820 
4 W. Ind. 18:tO 

3 W. Ind. 1820 
2 Rio Jan. 1778 

4 . 1820 
8 Peru 

S8.Amer. 1825 
3 

5 China . 1835 
4 Jamaica 1834 
8 

8 W. Ind. 1820 
8 . 1821 
4S.Amer. 1820 



8 8.Amer. 1820 
2 

4aAmer. 1820 
8 India . 1822 

2 America 1858 



CANNABlNi.CEiE, or Hempworts. A small order 
of herbaceous and annual plants, of which the 
hop and the hemp are examples. 

Ci.NNA6is, Linn. So called from ganeht its 
Arabic name, and from the Celtic appellation 
can, reed, and ab^ small. Linn. 22, Or. 5, Nat. 
Or. Cannabinduxcs. One species of this genus 
produces the hemp. The hemp to which we 
owe so many of our comforts is C. satlva. Nei- 
ther is hanosome, and they require only to be 
sown in the open ground and Kept clean. A 
most powerfully narcotic gum resin is obtained 
from both species. 

fndica . . Green . 8, H. A. 2 E. Indies . • 1800 
satlva . . Or.wht 6, H. A. 2 India . . . 

Caknon-ball tree. See CourxnijMaguianinm. 

Canoe birch. See BHida papyracea. 

Can8c5ra, Ihn. From Kansjan-corOf the Ma- 
labar name of one of the species. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat Ox. Cfentiandtcea. A genus of 
annuals of no merit. For culture, &c., see 
Exdeum. — Parishii. 

Canterbury bells. See Campdnula medium. 

Cantharell. See Cantharillus. 

Canthar^llus, F. Adams. An alteration of 
the French name chanUrelU. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, IJ^at Or. Agariedeecs. Interesting produc- 
tions. C. cibdrius is one of the best of our 
eatable mushrooms. The best way of pre- 
serving them for use, is to string them in rows, 
and after they have become flaccid, to hang 
them in a dry place where they can have plenty 
of air. They then form a delicious ingredient 
in rich gravies, &c. Synonyme : 1, Merulius 
purpuriUua. — auranticLcuSf dhariusy cirUreuSf 
eomucopoides 1, Idnns, lobdUus, lutiseenSy um^ 
bond^uSy umduldius, 

CXnthium, Larriberi. Cantix is the Malabar 
name. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchondcax. 
This is an ornamental shrub, and will grow in 
any rich soil ; increase is by cuttings. See 
Oardtnia and Wibera. 
dtibium . . White . 7, O. Bv. 8. 8 B. Indies . 1824 



CAN 



109 



CAP 



CAntua, Juss. From carUUf the name of one 
of the species in Peru. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Poltnumidcece. This is a genus of beautiful 
shrubs, -requiring an airy greenhonse, and very 
much the same treatment as Fuchsia. C. 
btixi/hlia is the magic tree of the Peruvian 
Indians, and was formerly used to decorate 
their houses on feast days. Loam, peat, and 
sand is the best soil, and the species are easily 
increased by cuttings. Synonymes: 1, Peri- 
phrdgmoa depindens : 2, Pcriphrdgmos JUxuo- 
8U8. See Gilia and Baitzia, 
buxifdiial . TeL ra. 4. O. Bv. a 6 Peru . . 1849 
blcolor . . . RdyaL 0, O. Et. 8. 4 Peru . . 1846 
ooronopifMia Boorlet 8, O. Her. P. 8 Carolina . 1726 
ixioonflpfcua . Blue . 9, H. A. 8 America . 1798 

pyriibUa 2 . Croam 4, G. Er. 8. | Peru . . 1846 

CANTtrLA. See FurcrdM CantiUa. 

Caoutchouo, or Indian rubber, is the inspis- 
sated juice of various plants. The Caoutchouc 
of commerce is nrincipally obtained from Ficus 
eldstica and Siphdnia eldstica. 

Cape Horn pea. See Pimm ameruAnum, 

Cafe jessamine. See Gardenia Ji6nda. 

Cape pbillyrea. See CaatinA cap&nsis. 

Caper spurge. See Euphdrbia Ldthyris. 

Caper tree. Sere Cdpparia. 

Caper5nia. See Crdton, 

Capillary- MUi/riFiD, divided in slender hair- 
like segments. 

Capillate, hairy, stringy. 

CApfiiLus- Veneris. See Adidnlum CapUlus- 
Veneris, 

Capitate, growing in a head : a stigma is capi- 
tate when it is large, round, and blunt. 

Capitellatb, ) 

Capitular, > growing in small heads. 

Capitulate, ) 

CAPNOPHf LLUM, OcBTtner. So called from kap- 
no8j smoke, and phyllon, a leaf. Linn. 5, (hr. 
2, Nat. Or. Apiduxce. A mere weed. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Cbnium africdtnuin, Rdmia cap&nsia 
— africkna 1. 

Capparid1ck£. Herbaceons plants and shrubs 
inhabiting the tropics, or in countries border- 
ing upon them. 

CApparis, Liwi. So called from the Arabic 
kapar, capers. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
CappariddcecB. This is a genus of ornamental 
.low shrubs ; they grow well in a mixture of 
loam and peat : and cuttings root in sand, in 
heat, under a glass. C. spinbsa is a good free- 
flowering species, when allowed plenty of room. 
The flower-buds of the caper form a well- 
known pickle ; they are stimulant, antiscor- 
butic, and aperient ; and the bark is said to be 
diuretic. Synonymes: 1, acutijhliciy acwmi- 
ndta ; 2, oddndra; 3, Fonlamisii; 4, arbor- 
iscens ; 5, uncindta. See OraU^a, MorrisdniOy 
NiMhria, StepJidnia. 




. White 6, 8. By. 
. White 6, 8. Ev. 
. White 6, 8. Bv. 
. White e, 8. Bv. 
. White 5, a Bt. 
. White 7, 8. By. 
. White 6, 8. Et. 



8. 5 B. Ind. less 

8. 8 ^nfpt . 1822 

8. 6 W. bid. 1818 

8. 4B. Ind. 18SS 

8. 6 

8. 8G. CoartlTM 

8. 4 W. Ind. 175S 



chln&uiB 1 . . White 7, S. Bv. 8. 10 &Amer. 1827 
cynophallophbra Gr.wL 7, 8. Bv. 8. 6 W.^nd. 1762 



6 Si Bust. 182S 
4 Jamaica 
6 Cartha«r. 180O 
2 Tauria . 1818 
4 Jamaica 1793 
a 12 W. Ind. 1793 
8. 4 Timor . 1820 
8. 6 Caraccas 1814 
8. 8 8. Eur. . 
8. Trinidad 1827 
8. 8 Carthag. 1700 
8. 8Sa.Crua 1807 
4 B. Ind. 182:) 
8 8. Eur. 1596 
6 Caraccas 1823 
6 W. Ind. 1822 

4 8.Amer. 
5 
8 Carthag. 1820 

5 Ceylon 1819 



Buatachi&na . . Strip. 5, 8. By. 

ferruginea 2 . . White 6. 8. By. 

frondoea . . . Oreen 7, S. By. 

herb&cea . . . White 5, P. Her. P. 

lamalcdnsis . . White 5, 8. Bv. 8. 

lineMa . . . White 5, 8. By. 

mari^biH . . . White 6, 8. By. 

odoratlaaima . White 6, 8. By. 

oy&ta 8 . . . White 6, F. Do. 

pelt&ta . . . White 7, O. By. 

pulcbdrrima 4 . White 6, S By. 

aaUgna . . . White 8, 8. By. 

sepfilria . . . White 6, 8. By. 

■plnbea . . . White 6, F. De. 

tentdafliqua . . White 6, 8. By. 

tonilbeaS . . . White 6, 8. By. 

triflbra . . . White 6, 8. By. 

unduUta . . . White 6, 8. By. 

verrucbaa . . . White 7, 8. By. 

seyUnica . . . White 8, 8. By. 

CaprAria, Linn. The leaves of this genus are 
liked by goats ; hence the name, from caper, 
a goat. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. Scrophu- 
laridcece. Uninteresting species, of easy cul- 
ture — bifldra, eunedta, huinilis, lanceoldia, un- 
dtddta. See Stembdia. 

Capreolate, having tendrils. 

CAPRiFOLiAcEiE, the honeysuckle tribe. All 
the Caprifoils possess properties of consider- 
able interest 

Caprif6lium, Bonner and SchuUes. Called 
poetically soat-leaf ; and is derived from caper, 
a ^oal^ and/oZium, a leaf ; in reference to the 
climbing and twining habit of the plant 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Capri/olidcece. This 
is a genus of favourite climbing plants, well 
adapted for planting against walls, bowers, or 
trellis-work. Common soil suits them ; and 
cuttings taken off early in autumn readily root 
in a snady border. Synonymes: 1, Lontccra 
glabrdtum; 2, Cap. pubiscens ; 3, L. capri- 
fdlium ; 4, Caprifblium japAnicum ; (7. baU' 
drieum. 

chindnae 1 . Orange 8, F. By. Tw. 20 China . 1806 
dlidflum . . Yellow 6, F. De. Tw. 6 MiBaouri 18J6 
diolcum . . Purple 6, H. De. Tw. 10 N. Amer. 1776 
DougUMii . . Orange 8, H. De. CI. 6 N. Amer. 1824 
etrtkscum . . Orange 6, H. De. T\y. 10 Italy . . 
fl&yum . . Yellow 5, H. De. Tw. 8 Cardina . 1810 
hirsiltum 8 . Yellow 5, H. De. Tw. 80 Canada . 1822 
hispldulum . Rose . 7, H. De. 8. 10 8. Amer. 1838 
gritum . . Red . 7, H. By. Tw. 20 N.Ame. 1730 
bnpldxum . Red ye. 7, H. Bv. Tw. 6 Minorca . 1772 
bale&ricum 6 Cream 8, 8. By. Tw. 8 Minorca . 18'i4 
itflicum 3 . Pur. ye. 6, H. De. Tw. 10 Bng., woods, 
rhbi-um . . Red . 6, H. De. Tw. 10 8. Europe. 

1ap6niciim . Rod . 6, F. By. Tw. 12 China . 1806 
ongiflbrum . Yel.wh.7, H. De. CL 8 China . 1826 
nepaldnse 4 . Orange 7, F. By. Tw. 12 Nepal . . 1807 
occidentJLle . Orange 7, H. Do. Tw. 20 Ft. Vance. 18S4 

^*^um°*^. } ^^^^^ ^» H. De. Tw. 20 Brit,wd«.,thi 
B^gica . . Yellow 6, H. De. Tw. 80 Gardens. 
quercifMium YeLred 6, H. De. Tw. 20 Gardens, 
serbtinum . Yel.red 6, H. De. Tw. 20 Gardens, 
variegitum , YeLred 6, H. De Tw. 20 Brit, wood*, 
semperylrena Scarlet 6, H. By. Tw. 16 N. Amer. 1656 
minus . . Scarlet 6, F. Bv. Tw. IS Carolina 1656 
Yo6ngii . 8car.ye.6, H. £y. Tw. 10 Hybrid., gard. 

Caps^lla, Moench. So called from a diminu- 
tion of capsule. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Brassicacece. "Weedy plants. Syrumyme : 1, 
Thldspi 6<lr«i-pflW»m— btirsa-^tdris 1, b. 
ap^tala, b. coronopifdlia, b. integrif^lia, b. 
imnor. 



CAP 



110 



OAR 



Ci-PSICUM, Linn. So named from kapto, to 
bite ; on account of the hot, pungent qualities 
of the pericarp. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Solanacecc. This genus is ornamental^ but 
chiefly cultivated for its fruit, which is much 
used in pickles ; they are easily cultivated in 
any rich open soil ; and readily increased from 
seeds. Synonymy: 1, cerasijinne, 
anguldfium . Whito 6, H. A. 1 India . 
. White 6, H. A. 1 India 
. White 6, S. Ev. 8. 2^ 
. Purple a, 8. Ev. 8. 3 W. Indies 
. White 6, 8. Ev. 8. ]^ 
. Pa.yel. 6, 8. A. 1 W. Indies 
, White 4, 8. Ev. 8. \\ BnuU . 
. Purple 0, 8. Ev. a 1 8. Amer. 
. White 0, 8. A. 1^ Guiuia . 
. Whito 4. 8. Ev. 8. 2 India 



fonuum 

bacc&tum . 

bloolor . . 

cerasiflbnim . 

cemsifbrme 

ceredlum . . 

csBnil^scens 

o6mcum 

conoldes 

cordifbrme . White 6, H. A. 1 India 

frut^cens . Pa veL 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1 India 
tortulbsum . Whit« 6, 8. Ev. 8. \\ E. Indies 

globfferum . Whito 6, 8. Ev. 8. ll Ouiana . 

gr^ssum . . Whito 7, 8. B. } India 
blfidum . . White 6, S. Ev. 8. 1 £. Indies 
globbfium . White 7, & Ev. 8. f B. Indies 
Ihteum . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. | E. Indies 

havan^nse . Whito 5, 8. Ev. 8. l| Havannah 

16ngum . . White 6, H. A. 1 India 

Ihteum . . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 B. Indies 

micrfothum . White 6, 8. Bv. 8. 8 Bradl . 

microc&rpon . White 6, 8. £v. 8. 2 



.1548 
. 1781 
. 1804 
. 1823 
.1730 
. 1846 
. 1827 
. 1820 
.1760 



.1656 
.1820 
. 1824 
. 1769 
. 1769 



1326 
1548 
1820 
1820 



HQlorU 1 
minimum . 
ov&tum 
ptodulum 



. White 6, G. A. 1 W. Indies 

. White 6, 8. Ev. 8. i £. Indies 

7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 



1728 
1824 
1760 
1760 
1807 
1807 



.White 

. White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 

pjnunid&I« . Whito 6, 8. Ev. S. 2 

sin^nse . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 

sphiMcum . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 

tetragbnum . White 6, H. A. 1 India 
tomatifbrme . WhitishO. 8. B. U 

ustul&tum . White 6, 8. A. If Chile . . 

Capsule, any dry dehiscent seed-vessel. 
GAFUT-MsDusiE. See klynvus CdpiU-McditscB 

and EuphbrbUt CdpiU-Medttace. 
CaracAlla. See Phaseolus Caracdlla. 
Caraoan. See Caragana, 
CaraoIna, a. B. Lambert. So called from 
carachanaf its name in Tartary. Linn, 17, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Fabdeeic. This is a handsome 
genus ; most of the species are well adapted 
for shrubberies. A sandy open loam is the 
best soil for them ; they are multiplied either 
by grafts, layers, or seeds. Synonymea: 1, 
ifcMnia Altagana; % R Caragdna; 8, R. 
fjiUiscens; 4, R. mdlliSf tonunthaa. 
Altagftna 1 . Yellow . fi, H. Do. 8. 4 Siberia 1789 

• ' . 6. H. Do. T. 15 Siberia 1762 

. 5, H. De. 8. 10 Siberia 1820 
. 6, H. De. 8. 1 Siberia 1802 
.5, H.De.S. 4 China .1773 
. 6, H. De. 8. 2 Siberia 
.4. H.De.S. 2 Siberia 1752 
. 6, H. De. 8. 4 Odessa . 
. 6, H. De. 8. 4 
. 6, H. De. 8. 1 Iberia . 1828 



Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 



arbordscens2 Yellow 
in^rmis . . Yellow 

aren&riA 

ChunUigu . 

f^rox . . 

fruttfscens 3 
angUBtlfblia . Yellow 
latifblia . .Yellow 

grandiflbra 

jubftta . . 

mong6Iica . 

macraottntha . YeUow 

microph^Ua . Yellow 

m6lliB4 



Yellow 
Yellow 
YeUow 



pygmdtja 
arenAria 

Redbwski 
precox 

spinbsa. 

tragacan- 
tboldes 

triflbra . 



YeUow 
Yellow 
YeUow 
YeUow 
Yellow 
YeUuw 



4, H. De. 8. 1^ Siberia 1796 

. 4, H. De. 8. Tartaiy 1826 

. 6. H.De.8. 2 Siberia 

. 5, H. De. 8. 8 Russia 



6, H. De. 8. 8 Tauria 



. 5, H. Do. 8. 
. 6, H. Ev. S. 
. 6, H. De. 8. 
. 4, H. Ev. 8. 
. 5, H. De. 8. 

} Yellow . 5. H. De. 8. 

. Gmsh. yL H. De. 8. 



1819 
1818 



2 Siberia 1761 



Siberia 1827 
Siberia 1775 



4 Siberia 1816 
3 Tsrtaiy. 



CaraouAta, Plumier. Its name in S. America. 



Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. BromelideecB. An 
interesting plants but with no great beauty ; 
for culture, &c., see Bromilia. Synonyme: 1, 
Tilldndsia linguldta, 
lingul&ta . . YeUow . 6, 8. Bpi. . 2 Jamaica . 1795 

Carajura, or CnfcA. See Bignbnia Chlca. 

CarXllia, Roxburgh. From Carillie, the name 
of C. lUcida in the Telinga language in Hin- 
doostan. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rkizo- 
phcrdieea. An ornamental stove tree, about 
twenty feet high, succeeding best in a mixture 
of sandy peat and loam, and may be increased 
from cuttmgs in sand, under a glass. 
Uidda . . YeUow . 4, a Ev. T. 20 E. Indies . 1820 

CARALLtriiA, R. Brovm. Its Indian name. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asclepiaddcece. This 
succulent genus of curious plants is allied to 
Stapilia ; they yary in height from one to two 
feet The best soil for them seems to be a 
mixture of loam and brick rubbish. The pots 
require to be well drained, and the plants 
cautiously watered, except about the time of 
flowering, when they ought to have a liberal 
supply. Cuttings root freely, if they are 
allowed to dry until they begin to shrivel be- 
fore being planted. 

adsodndens 1 . Pink . 7, B. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies 1804 
crenuUlta . . Pa. yaL 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies 1829 
fimbri&ta . . Pa. yeL 8. Ev. 8. 1 K Indies 1829 
timbeUikta . . Fink . 8. Ev. 8. 1| E. Indies 1804 

Caramb6la tree. See Averrhda Carambdla. 
Caram6rphin£, or Thebaikb Acid, a narcotic 

property obtained from poppilb, and found 

very useful as a medicine. 
CaraMdas. See Carissa Cardndas. 
CarApAj AubUL From Caraipe, the name of 

0. guianinsis in Guiana. Linn. 10, Or. I, 
Nat. Or. Mdidcecs. A fine ^enus of stove 
plants, not common in collections ; they suc- 
ceed best in loam and sandy peat mixed, and 
are increased readily by cuttings in sand, 
plunged in heat, under a glass. Synonyme: 

1, Afzilia spUndens. 

guianinsis . . YeUow . 4, 8. Ev. T. 20 Ouiana . 1824 

guinodnsis 1 . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Leone 1793 

moluccdnsis . YeUow . 4, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1820 

proo^ra . . . Yellow . 5, 8. Ev. T. 80 W. Indies. 

CARAPiCHk^ AubL Carapiche is the Caribean 
name of one of the species. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. CinchunAcece. Stove shrubs of mode- 
rate dimensions, bearing white but not showy 
flowers, growing in a mixture of light sandy 
loam and heath mould, and propagated by 
cuttings planted in pots of sand. See Ce- 
phtUlia, 

Carats, the seeds of Erythrina AbysAnica. 

Caraunda, See OarUsa Cardndas. 

Caraway. See Cdrum Cdrui. 

Carbonized, burned to coal. 

Carbozotic ACID Is obtained by the action of 
nitric acid on indigo. 

CardAmiks, Linn, From kardia^ the heart, 
damas, to subdue ; stomachic quality of the 
plants, or perhaps a diminutive of kardamon, 
watercress, the taste being similar. Linn. 15, 
Nat Or. Braasicdcecc An interesting genus, 
of the simplest culture and propagation. 



CAR 



111 



CAB 



Synonyrru: 1, C. beUidifblia, See Macro- 
podiuTTif Pteroneuron. 

amAra . . White 4, H. Her. P. i Brit, wat pi. 
aaarif&lia . . White tf, H. Her. P. i Italy . . 1710 
belUdifblia . WhiV) 4, H. Her. P. \ Bcotl., mount, 
alplna 1 . . White 4, H. Her. P. | Austria . 1658 
Cheliddnia . White 0, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 1739 
glahca . . . White 6, H. Her. P. \ Calabria . 1827 
Sitifblia : . Purple 6, H. Her. P. ij Spain . . 1710 
macroph^Ua . Purple 5, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1824 
prat^siB . . Purple 4, H. Ho:. P. 1 Brit., dmp. m. 
pl%na . . . Purple 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., dmp. m. 
thalictroldes . White 6, H. A. i Piedmont 1818 

trifdUa . . . White 6, H. Her. P. U SwitzerL . 1629 
ullKindea . .White 4, H. Her. P. (Tauria .1819 
africdna, alpina^ ehiUnfis, detUata, granulosa, 
hirsiUa, impatiens, parvifidray pensylvdnica^ 
prortpmSf reaedifolia, r?unnboldea, rolundi- 
/dlia, aylvdtica, umbrSaa. 

CardXmines. See Cpphia Carddmines and 
LejAdium Carddmines, 

Cardamom. See Alpimia Cardarrv^mumy A. 
niMiOf and Amhmum Cardainomum. 

Cardamom of Cetlon. See EhUdria rnAjor, 

Cardamom of Malabar. See Eleltdria Car- 
dumdmum. 

CARDAMbMUM. See Alplnia and Amhmum. 

CardIaca. See Leonitrus CardUica, 

Cardinal flower. See Lobelia cardinalis. 

CARDiNiLis, principal, chief ; scarlet. 

Cardiosp^rmum, Linn. From hardia^ a heart, 
and spfrma, seed ; in allusion to the shape of 
the seeds. Idnn, 8, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Sapin- 
dd£fCB. The species of this singular genus 
require to be sown in a hotbed frame, or in the 
stove in any light soil. 

can^Bcens . . White . 8, O. A. GL SO R Indies 1828 
ooluteoldes . White . 7, S. Ev. CL 10 Caraccas 1818 
Corindnu . .Wh.gr. 7, S. A. 4 BrasU . 1750 

grandifldrum . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 15 Jamaica 1817 
Halictfcabum . White . 7, S. CL A. 4 India . 16U4 
hirshtum . . White . 7, S. Et. CL IS Guinea . 18*^2 
pub^Bcena . . Scariet 6, S. Ev. CL 6 N. Spain 1828 

Cardoon. See C^nara Card'&ncultis. 

Card^patum, Jussieu. CarduuSy a thistle, and 
patoSf beaten path ; in allusion to the appear- 
ance of the plant, and the place it inhabits. 
Linn, 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Aster acecs. An 
uninteresting herbaceous plant, of simple cul- 
tivation, and increased by dividing the root — 
coryvihosum. 

Cardunc^llus, Adanson. From the diminu- 
tive, eardunculuSf of cardoon. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asteraceoe. A genus of pretty 
herbaceous plants, succeeding well in common 
soil, and increased by dividing the roots. 
Synonymes: 1, Cdrthamtu mitissimus : 2, C. 
eardunciUus. 

mitiflsimus 1 . Blue . f), H. Her. P. } Franoe . .1776 
vulg&riB S . . Blue . 5, H. Her. P. { France . . 1734 

CARDtJNCULUS. See Cpnara CardHmculus. 

CArduus, Linn. From ard, in Celtic, gleaning 
a point, the plants being mostly spiny. Linn. 
19, Or. 1, Nat Or. Asterdtceae. A coarse, 
though somewhat ornamental and numerous 

genus of plants, growing from one to four feet 
igh ; they succeed in any common soil, and 
are multiplied by seeds or divisions. Syno- 
nymet: 1, (hiopdrdum deUeidwm ; 2, Carina 
pyrenAica. See Cirsiumj Serrdiula, Silybwn. 
. . Purp. 7, H. B. 2 . . 1812 



fflbiduB . . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Tauria . . 1810 

alp^strlB . . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Croatia . 1805 

artLbicua . . Purp. 7, H. A. 1| Arabia . . 1789 

arctioldes . . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Camiola . 1804 

argent&tus . Purp. 7, H. A. 1 Egypt . .1789 

A^mune . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Pyrenees . ISlO 

*5JP^\°^ } ^^^ 8» H- H»- P- Siberia . . 1784 

cfodicans. . Purp. 7, H. B. 3 Hungary . 1805 

carlinasfbliuB F\vrp. 7, H. B. 2 Pyrenees . 1804 

carlinoldes 2 . Piirp. 7, H. B. 1 Pyrenees . 1784 

cin^Tous . . Purp. 7, H. A. 8 Caucasus . 1818 

davul&tus . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Cunariea . 1827 

coUlnufl . . Purp. 7, H. B. 8 Hungary . 1818 

corymbbeuB . Purp. 7, H. B. 4 Naples . . 1824 

crassifbUus . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 . . 1805 

crispuB . . Purp. 7, H. B. 2 Europe . 1804 

defloriLtufl . Red . 8, H. Her. P. 4 Austria . 1570 

dhbiuB . . . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 . . 1616 

hamul6flUB . Purp. 6, H. B. 4 Hungary . 1802 

lanuglndeus . Purp. 7, H. B. S Armenia . 1S20 

leuctothus . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Spain . . 1816 

leuo6gruphu8 Purp. 6, H. A. 2 Italy . . 1752 

"phSSfl" ^^*^**T*- ^» ^- ^®'- ^- ^ Numidia . 1827 

mMiufl . . Purp. 6, H. Her. P. S Piedmont . 1819 

montdsuB . . Purp. 7, H. B. S S. Europe . 1820 

nignSscons . Purp. 7, H. B. 4 S. France . 1819 

nutans . . . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Brit., meadows, 
onopordloldes Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Iberia . . 1818 

oricntiOis . . Piirp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Iberia . . 1804 

parvifl6ruB . Piurp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 8. Europe . 1781 

perogrlnus . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 . . 1816 

PcriionliU. . Purp. 7, H. ^B. 4 Austria . 1776 

podacfothus Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 8 Franoe . . 1819 

'^pSJSt ^^^'^ ^' ^- ^"- ^' ^* S- B"«^ • 1^8* 

seminhdua . Purp. 7, H. B. 2^ Caucasus . 1819 

uncin^tus . Purp. 7, H. B. 6 Tauria . . 1817 

▼olgdnsis . . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Volga . . 1820 

acanthcHdes, tenuijldrus. 
CArex, Linn. From careo, to want; the upper 
spikes being without seeds. lAnn. 21, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Cyperdcece. This genus is exten- 
sive, and the species are uninteresting ; part 
of them are natives of marshy situations, 
and a few do best on dry sandy eminences ; 
they seed freely, by which they are in- 
creased. Synonymes: 1, C. scUiea; 2, C. stra- 
mlnea, vaginata; 3, lag6pena; 4, Persodnia — 
acuminata, acuta, alba, alp^stris, amblyo- 
clirpa, ampuU&cea, dnceps, angustifMia, ap- 
pr€ssa, aqudtilis, arenkria, atrata, axillaris, 
blcolor, bin^rvis, Bonninghausikna, brachy* 
stdchya, brizoides, bull&ta, Buxbatimii, cnpspi- 
t6sa, capillhris, chordorhlza, cilikta, claudestina, 
collina, conglob&ta, crinlta, ctirta, C. apieu- 
Ikta, curvula, cyperoides, Darallikia, depau- 
perkta, digit2ita, diolca, dlstans, divisa, div^lsa, 
elongiita, ext^nsa, ferruginea, fl&va, filifdrmis, 
fimbri4ta, flexudsa, f6rrea, fd&tida, Fraseriana, 
frigida, fiilva, Gibs6ni, glarc6sa, Grah&mi, gra- 
nulkris, h{rta, hordeifdrmi8,inc^rva,iutermMia, 
inv6i-sa, irrigua, jtincea, juncifdlia, Itevigkta, 
lagopodioldes, leporinaS, ledco-^ldchin, limdsa, 
lob^ta, loli&cea, Idngipes, leucorum, Michfelii, 
Mielich6fera 1, microstachya, montkna, mu- 
cronata, multifl6ra, muriciita, nemordsa, nigra, 
nitida, norvdgica, niltans, (Ed^vii, ovilis, pal- 
l^scens, paludosa, panicea, panicul2ita,paradoxa, 
paucifl6ra, p^ndula, phsostdchya 2, pil6sa,'pilu- 
Jlfera, planta^ea, pbdoc^rpa, precox, psetido- 
cyp^rus, puhckris, ptdla, pyreukica, rarifldra, 
reciirva, remdta, ripens, rigida, rip^a, 
rdsea, rostrkta, mptetris, salina, sazatilis, 
schsuoides, Schieb^n, scopluria, secalina, speiro* 



CAE 



112 



CAR 



stdchya, Rphserost&chya, stellul&ta, stenoph^lla, 
stictoc^pa, stipkta, stramfnea, stncta, strigdsa, 
sylvdtica, ten6lla, teretitiscula, thuringiaca, 
totnentdaa, umbrdsa, ustulkta, Y^hlii, yesic&ria, 
vitilis iy vnlpliia. See Elpna and UruAnia. 
Car^ya, Roxburgh. .In honour of the Rer. 
William Carey, of Serampore, a distinguished 
botanist. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Myrtdcecs. 
C. kerlAcea is a most splendid herbaceous 
stove-plant, of rather difficult culture ; it must 
be grown in a mixture of light loam and sandy 
peat, carefully watered at all times, particu- 
larly in winter, and the pot properly drained ; 
and the mode of raising it is by dividing the 
roots. 

arbOroa . . RedyeL 7, S. Ev. T. 20 R Ind. 1828 
horb&cea . . Red . . 7. 8. Her. P. \ E. Ind. 1808 
sph^ca . .Red. .7,8. Ev. 8. 2 B. Ind. 1803 

CARofLLiA, R. Brown. In honour of James 
Cargill, M. D., of Aberdeen. Linn. 28, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. EbendcecB. An interesting genus 
of greenhouse plants, that succeed best grown 
in a mixture of peat and open loanr, and are 
increased by cuttings in sand,- or sandy soil, 
under a glass. 

austiiliB . . White 6, O. Ev. T. 15 N. Holland 1816 
Uxa . . . White 0, O. £▼. T. 15 N. Holland 1827 

Ci.RlCA, Linn. Erroneously supposed to be a 
native of Caria. Linn. 22, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Papaydtcece. The plants of this genus are 
ornamental, and grow best in loamy soil ; full- 
grown cuttings root at once, if the leaves are 
not taken off, planted in sand, under a glass, 
in heat. 

caulifl6ra . . Qreen . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Caraocas . 1806 

citrif<5nniB . Wht gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Lima . . 1820 

znicrodLrpa . Wht gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Caraocas . 1806 

monolca . . Wht gr. 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Caraocas . 1818 

PapJLya . . Green . 7, 8. Er. 8. 20 India . . 1690 

pyrifftnnis . Wht gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Oiilana . 1823 

■pinewa 1 . . Wht gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Guiana . 1821 

CXrica. See F^cus Cdrica. 

CarIna, a keel like that of a boat, also the lower 
petal of a papilionaceous flower. 

Carinatb, keel -shaped. 

Carinatelt-concave, hollowed so as to resem- 
ble a keel externally. 

Carinatelt-winged, having a wing like a 
keel. 

Cari6fsis, a onje-celled, small, indehiscent peri- 
carp, adhering to the seed which it contains, 
as the grain of gmsscs. 

CARfssA, Linn. Derivation not known. Lirvn, 
6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Apocynaceoi. This is an 
ornamental genus, the species attain from six 
to twenty feet high, and to succeed well re- 
quire a mixture of peat and loam ; and to grow 
in pots, should be carefully drained, as the 
plants are impatient of much water. Cuttings 
root freely in sand, under a glass, in heat See 
Molarrhhia. * 

Cartfndas . . White 7, B. Bv. T. 15 E. Indies . 1700 

lancool&ta. . White 7, 8. Ev. T. 5 N. Holland . 1822 

ov&U . . . White 8, 8. Ev. T. 16 N. Holland . 1810 

spinirum . . White 7, 8. Ev. T. 25 B. Indies . 1819 

Zyloploron . White 7, 8. Ev. T. 10 Mauritius . 1820 

OarlIna, Linn. Named after the famous 
Charlemagne, whose army was corod of the 



plague by it. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asterdeeas. Interesting plants, attaining from 
one to three feet high, and succeeding well in 
garden soil; they are easily increased from 
seeds. Synonymes: 1, C. nUphiirea; 2, C. brae- 
tedia. See Cdrduus^ Ciraium. 

acanthifblia . White 6, H. Her. P. H Oamiola. 1818 

acatOlB . . . White 6, H. Her. P. } Italy . . 1640 

cauldsoens . White 6, H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 1819 

aggreg&ta . . White 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Hungary 1804 

rteS&na } ^"^^* ®' ^ ^^^' ^- ^ Caucasus 1816 
corymb^sa . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 8 8. Europe 1640 
lonhta . . . Purple 6, H. A. 2^ 8. Europe 1683 

lyr^ta . . . Yellow 6, G. B. 1 C. G. BCT 1816 

raoembsa 1 . Yellow 7, H. A. S 8pain . . 1658 

sicula 2 . . Purple 7, H. B. 1 SlcUy . . 1827 

simpler . . White 6, H. Her. P. U Hungary 1816 
mUgdris. 

Carlinb THISTLE. Sec OarUna. 

CarlowIzia, Momeh. After Carlowiz, some 
unknown botanist. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
AsUrdcea. This is a pretty greenhouse shrub, 
attaining the height of three feet ; it thrives 
best when grown m sandy loam ; cuttings root 
freely in sand, under a glass. Synonyme : 1, 
Onobroma salicifilia. 
salicifbUa 1 . Yellow 8, G. Bv. 8. 8 Madeira . . 1784 

CARLTJDdvicA, Ruiz and Pavon. Named in 
honour of Charles lY. of Spain, and Louisa his 
Queen, noble patrons of ootany. Linn. 21, 
Or. 9, Nat. Or. PandandcwB. These are 
ornamental low palm-like plants ; they grow 
best in a mixture of sandy peat and loam, and 
are multiplied by suckers. Syiwnymes : 1, 
Sdlmia angvslifblia ; 2, Lvdovia funifera, 
angustifbUal Gr. yeL 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Peru . .1818 
ftinlfeni 2 . . White 7, 8. Ev. CL 4 Trinidad . 1824 
JamaicAisiB . White 7, 8. Ev. a. 4 Jamaica . 1825 
latifBlia . . Green 7, 8. Her. P. 8 Peru . .1818 
pohnlita . . White 7, 8. Her. P. 8 Peru . . 1818 

Carmai«. See Zygophpllum simplex. 

CARMiCHAfeLiA, R. Brovm. In honour of the 
late Captain Dugald Carmichael, F.H.S., au- 
thor of the "Flora of Tristan da Acunha." 
lAnn. 17, Or. 4, Nat Or. Fabacecs, A pretty 
greenhouse shrub, succeeding well in sandy 
peat, and increased by cuttings in sand under 
a glass. Synonyme: 1, Lditu avMrhlis. 
austriOis 1 . Blue . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holland . 1800 

Carminatives, medicines which remove flatu- 
lence. 

Carm6na, Cav. Named in honour of Carmona, 
a painter and companion of Loefling. Linn, 
5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ehretidcea^. Rather inte- 
resting shrubs. See EhrHia. 

Carnation. See Didnlhus caryophplltts. 

CarnIuba. See Cerdxylon. 

Carnose, fleshy, thick substance. 

Cabob tree. See CercUbnia. 

Carouna allbpicb. See Calyednthiufl&rida. 

Carouna pink root. See SpigUia mart- 
Idndica. 

Carolina Vanilla. See Lidtria odoratissima. 

CAROiiNEA, Linn. In honour of Sophia Caro- 
line, Margravine of Baden. Znnn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. SUreuliiuxcB. Splendid species, grow- 
ing from fifteen to twenty feet high ; they 
delight in a rich loamy soil ; and cuttings, not 



CAR 



113 



CAR 



deprived of their leaves, root in sand under a 
glass in heat. See Sciodaphpllum. 

' fflba .... White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Bnusfl . 1817 

insl^ifl . .Red . . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1790 

macroc&rpa . White . 0, S. £▼. 8. 20 Mexico . 1840 

minor . . . RdyLgr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Ouiana . 1798 

prlncepe . . Rd. yl.gr 7, a Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 17S7 

Car6ta. See DaHcus eardUi. 

Carp^lla, I the small parts of which compound 

Carpels, ] fruits are formed. 

CARPfesiUM, Linn. From karpcsion, a bit of 
straw, the appearance of the leaves of the in- 
volucmm. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat Or. Aaler- 
dcece. Plants of little beauty, and easy manage- 
ment in light rich soil ; seetls. 
pub^rcens . Yellow . 0, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1888 
torul68utn . YeUow . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1823 
WulfeiJknum . TeUow . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1829 

abrotanoides, dmuum. 
CARPhiUS, Linn. From the Celtic, <jar, wood, 
pinda^ head ; the wood being fit for the yokes 
of cattle. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Caryldcece. 
Ornamental trees, from twelve to thirty feet 
high ; some of the species make good hedges 
for shelter, as they grow quick, and are easily 
managed ; they are raised from seeds or layers 
without difficulty. See Osinja. 
ameridLna . Apetal 3, H. De T. N. Amer. . 1312 
B^tulus . . Apetal 8. H. De T. 80 Brit., woods. 

iuclsa . . Apetal S, H. De T. 20 Brit, gardens. 

qtiercifolia . Apetal 5, H. De T. 80 Europe . . 

varlegAti . Apetal 8, H. De T. 20 Brit, gardens, 
oricnt&lis . . Apetal 5, H. De T. 10 Levant . . 1789 

Carpo-Balsamom. See Balaamodendron. 

CARPODiNUS, R, Broum. From karpos, fruit, 
and dinoSy a circle; .the fruit being round. 
Linn. 5, ()r. 1, Nat. Or. Apocjjndtxoe. A fruit- 
ing shrub, attaining about eight feet high, and 
growing well in a mixture of open loam and 
sandy peat, and increased, without difficulty, 
from cuttings. 
dtllciB . . . Oreen . 0, 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Leone . 1822 

Carpod6ntos, Labillardiire. From karpos^ a 
fruit, and odontosy toothed ; the cells or carpels 
toothed at the apex. Linn. 18, Or. 6, Nat 
Or. BypeTicdcece. An ornamental greenhouse 
plant, growing to the height of twenty feet ; 
it thrives best in peat and loam mixed, and 
cuttings root freely in sand, under a glass. 
lUdda . . . YeUow . 6 O. Ev. T. 20 N. Holland 1820 

CARPoiiOGY, the science which treats of the 

structure of fruits and seeds. 
CARPOP6aoN. See Mueitna. 
Carrageen uoss. See Chdndrus crisptis. 
Carhaway. See Cdrum. 
CarrichtAra, De Candolk. Probably without 

meaning. Linn. 15, Nat Or. BrassicHeea. 

This is a pretty annual, growing well when 

sown in the open ground in a dry situation. 

Si/nonyme: 1, VHla dnntui. 

V^Ola 1 . . Yellow . 6, H. A. ^ Eng., sandy fle. 
Carrot. See Dailcua. 
Carthagenian apple. See Pttnica. 
CArthamus, Tovrnf/ort. From its Arabic name 

qtiortunif to paint; the flowers yield a fine 

colour. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AgUrdcecB. 

Interesting annuals, requiring to be sown on 

a gentle hotbed, and afterwards transplanted 



where they are intended to flower. See Car- 
dujiciliiiSj OirsiurHf fferaedntha. 
oxyactfntha . Yellow . 7, H. A. 3 Caucasus . ISIS 
tinct6rius . Orongo . 6, H. A. 3 Egypt . . 15&1 

Cartilaginous, gristly. 

Carton^mA, Jt. Brown. From kartoSf shorn, 
and nemttf a filament ; in allusion to the sta- 
mens. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cominely' 
ndeecc. A pretty annual, requiring merely to 
be sown in sandy peat, and treated in tlie 
stove, 
spic&ta . . . Blue . 7, 8. Her. P. 1 N. Holland 18>*2 

Cart<5ffel. See Soldnum tuberdsnm. 

Cart-wrack. See FiUms scrratus. 

CArui. See Cdkrum Cdrui. 

CArum, Koch. From Caria, in Asia lilinor, 
being originally found thei-e. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Apidicea;. One species of this genus, 
C. Cdruif produces the seeds so generally 
known by the name of caraway seeds ; they 
are hardy biennials, and require merely to be 
sown in the open gi'ound. See PiyMtis, 
c&n\i . . . White . 5, H. Her. P. 2 Brit pastures. 
simplex. 

Caruncle, a small protuberance. 

CarunculAria, Havxnih. Derived from carun- 
cula, a fleshy protuberance ; in reference to 
the flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ascle- 
piadacecc. A curious succulent plant ; for 
culture, &c., see Stapilia. Synonymt: 1. 
Stap^ia pcduneulata, 
pcdunculAta 1 . Br. pur. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. i C. G. H. 1790 

Carunfel. See Caryopkyllus aronidiicus. 

Car^pa. See Carapa. 

Carvi. See Cdrum Cdrui. 

CArya, NutUill. From carjpn^ signifying a 
nut ; in allusion to the fniit. Linn. 21, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Juglanddcece. A genus of timber- 
ti-ecfj, growing about thirty feet high ; they 
succeed in common soil, and increase by seeds 
or layers. Synonymes : 1, JH/jJans squarndsa^ 
aiha; 2, /. amara; 3, /. comprisaa ; 4, /. 
obcorddta; 5, /. angustifbliaf olivaefbrtnis ; 6, 
/. porclna : 7, /. sulcdla. 

Aba 1 . . . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 30 N. Axner. 1629 
ani&ra 2 . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 80 N. Amer. 1800 
compr^ssa 3 . Apetal . 4, H. De T. SO N. Amer. 1730 
lacinidea . . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 80 N. Amer. 
microcArpa . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 80 N.Amcr. 
obcord&ta 4 . Apetal . 6, H. De T. SO N. Amer. 1812^ 
oUvaefdrmis 6 Apetal . 4, H. De T. SO N. Amer. 
porclna 6 . . Apetal . 6, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 1799- 

glabra . . Apetal . 5, H. De T. 30 N. Amer. 
sulcata 7 . . Apetal . 4, H. De T. SO N.Amer. 1801 
toraentdsa . Apot«d • 4, H. De T. 80 N.Amer. 
mtfxima . . ApettU . 6, H. De T. 60 PhiladeL 

Cary5car, Linn, From karyon, a nut ; the 
species bear large fruit, containing an eatable 
nut Linn. 13, Or. 4, Nat Or. BhizohoUUxm. 
A genus of fruit-bearing trees, attaining the 
height of a hundred feet ; in our stoves they 
thrive best in sandy open loam or a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and may be increased! 
by cuttings in sand, under a glass. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Pekea tubrrculdia. 
giabnmi . . Green 4, 8. Ev. T. 100 Ouiana . 1820 
nuclfenim . Red ^L 4, 8. Ev. T. 100 Ouiana . 1820 
tomentfteuml White . 4, 8. Ev. T. 100 Ouiana . 1820 

CaryophyllAta. Sec Oewn. 

T 



CAE 



114 



OAS 



CARroPHTLLicBiE, 01 Clove-worts. An order 
coutainiDg mauy species ; a few bear hand- 
some flowei'S, the carnation and pink for ex- 
amples, but the most part are not worth cul- 
tivating. 

Cartophi^LLUS, Linn. From karyan^ a nut, 
and phyllon, a leaf ; referring to the appear- 
ance of the Rower-buds. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. MyrtacecB. The species aromdticus 
grows to about twenty feet high, and produces 
the article known as cloves. It grows best in 
a mixture of sandy peat and loam, in a strong 
steady heat The plants are rather scarce, 
owing to the difficulty of keeping them in 
winter ; cuttings in saod root readUy under a 
glass, in a moist heat, 
aromdticus . YeL wh. 5. S. £v. T. 20 Moluccas . 1797 

CARTOPHf LLU8. See Didntkus earyophpllus, 

Cart5ta, Linn. The Greeks applied this name 
to a cultivated date. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat 
Or. Palmitcew. A noble and beautiful genus 
of palms, growing to the height of eighty feet ; 
the best way of treating them is in sandy loam, 
and a warm moist atmosphere ; increased by 
seeds. Synonynu: 1, 0. aobolifera. See 
Ord,nia. 

h6rrida . White . 5, 8. Palm 20 S. America . 1828 
mltis . . White . 6, 8. Palm 20 China . . . 1820 
tirena 1 . White . 5, S. Pahn 20 £. Indies . . 1738 

CAscA d*JLnta. See Drlmys. 

Casaor tree, or Cassowary tree. See Casua- 
rina. 

Cascarilla bark. See Cinchdna lanceoldtaj 
Lasianema rdscOj Crbton Cascarilla and Eleu- 
ieria. 

CaskAria, Jacquin. In honour of J. Casearius. 
the co-operator of Sheode in the Hortus Mala- 
baricus. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Samyddicex. 
Interesting stove shrubs, growing from four to 
eight feet high ; they all thrive well in sandy 
loam, and are increased by cuttings in sand 
nnder a glass in heat Synonymes: 1, C. 
deedndra ; 2, Iro^^c^.na guian&nsis. 
hirstita . . ToL gr. 4, & Et. 8. 8 Jamaica . 1825 
parvifldra 1 . Yel. gr. 4, 8. £y. 8. 6 S. America 1818 
porvifblia . YeL gr. 4, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Martinique 1827 
ramifldra 2 . YeL gr. 4, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Guiana . . 1824 
serrul&ta . . Wht. gr. 4, 8. Ev. 8. 5 Jamaica . 1818 
0ylv6BtriB . . Wht gr. 4, 8. £▼. 8. 8 Jamaica . 1823 

Cashew- NUT. See Anacdrdiiim, 

CaspAria. See Bauhinitt. 

Caspian manna. Sec Alkdgi camelbrwm. 

CassAndra. See Andrdmeda. 

CassAva. See Jdnipha Mdnihoi. 

CASSEBXkRA, Kaulf. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 

Polypodiaceas. Synonymes : 1. PUrisargintea; 

2, Ptiris aurieulaia; 3, ChHl&nthes cwiieetta; 

4, Pt^risfarindsa; 5, Ptiris hastdta; 6, Pleris 

intramargindlis ; 7, PUris peddta; 8, Cfieil- 

dnthes pter aides, 

arg^tea 1 . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. ^ Siberia . 1810 

auricuUi,ta2 . Brown . 7, a Her. P. i \ 

cune&ta 8 . . Brown . 7, 8. Her. P. f . . 1881 

farin&ia 4 . . Brown . 6, 8. Her. P. I. of Luaon 1840 

hast&ta 6 . . Brown . 8, G. Her. P. } C. G. H. . 1828 

*°nS!T*!" } ^^^^ • ®» ^- ^^- ^' * *^®*^ • "28 

pedAta7 ! .Brown. H. Hor. P. i Viixinia .1820 
pinn&ta . . Brown . 6, 8. Her. P. I 

ptcroldes 8 . Brown . 7, G. Her. P. } C. O. H. . 1775 



triph^lla . . Brown . 7, 8. Her. P. i . . 1824 

vespertilidnifl Brown . 8, 8. Her. P. 3 N. Holl. . 1823 

CASsisLiA, Esenbeck. Derivation not known. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. Verbendcea. A 
stove shrub, of some beauty, growing in a mix- 
ture of sandy loam and heath mould, and pro- 
parted by cuttings planted in sand, placed in 
a little heat Synonyme: 1, Durdrita Fisckeri. 
integrif61ia 1 . Blue . 3, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . .1814 

ClssiA, Linn. According to Olaus Celsus, this 
name is to be traced to the Hebrew Ketzioth, 
and latinised by Cassia. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Fabdceat. This is a numerous genus 
of ornamental plants, growing from one to fif- 
teen feet high ; they deli||ht in a light loamy 
soil, or loam and peat mixed ; some produce 
seed in abundance, but cuttings strike freely 
in sand, under a glass, in a little heat. Synx)- 
nymes: 1, C. acumindta ; 2, C. flexudsa; 3. 
C. crispa; 4, O. grandifldra; 6, 0. orientalis, 
acuiildha; 6, C. S&nna; 7, 0, procdwhcns ; 8, 
C. cimua; 9, C. arboriscens; 10, C. multi- 
glandulosa; 11, O. chininsis; 12, C. dimi- 
didta; 18, C, Plumitri, See Cathartocdrpus. 



acapulc&iBis . 
i^m>tlaca . 
iB8cnyn6mene 
al4ta . . . 
ongnstlseima 
Apoucoulta 1 
aroor&icens . 
oron&ria . . 
ortemisloldes 
^bpera . . . 
atom&ria . . 
auricul&ta 
auBtnUia . . 
averaifldra 
bacillAris . . 
Barclayjlna . 
B^rterl . . 
bicapeuUlris . 
biflbra . . . 
blfoMta . . 
bracte^ta . . 
brovlf61ia. . 
Browniina . 
Burmlbiul 2 . 
capignsis . . 
cmtmsBcrlsta . 
chin^nais . . 
chrysotrlcha 
cilifti-is . . . 
ciliata 



YeL 
. YeL 
. YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
. YeL 
.Yel. 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.Yel. 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.Yd. 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
.YeL 
• YeL 
.YeL 
YeL 
YeL 



coromondelidna YeL 



oorymbdsa 

cuspid&ta . . 

diphyila . . 

dlspar . . . 

elliptica . . 

emai^&ta . 

escuhSnta . . 

exlgua . . . 

fastigiUta . . 

flezubsa . . 

FlinddrsU. . 

floribthida . 

fldrida . . . 

frondbsaS . 

geminifldra . 

glanduldsa . 

glabca . . . 

glutindaa . . 

ffrtEcilia . . 

HerbertlAna . 

hirstita . . 

hirta . . . 

hlspida . . 
HouBtonl&na 



.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.Yel. 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.Yel. 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.YeL 

.Yel. 

.Yel. 

.YeL 

.YeL 

. YeL li; 

.YeL 

.YeL 

. YcL 

.YeL 



8. Ev. 
G. £▼. 
8. 

a Ev. 
8. 

8. Ev. 
8. Et. 
8. Ev. 
G. Br. 
8. 
8. 



8. 3 Acapulcol823 

8. 3 Egypt . 1822 

A. 1 W. fnd. 1810 

8. 10 W. Ind. 1731 

A. 4 E. Ind. . 1820 

8. 8 8urin.am 1820 

8. 12 N. 8pain 1818 



Ev. 

Ev 
G. Ev 
8. Ev 
8. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
8. Bv 
F. 

G. Ev. 
G. Ev 
G. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Her. P. 



1810 
. 1777 

1824 
. 1820 

.1782 



8. 
8. Bv. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. Bv. 
8. Ev. 
8. Bv 
8. Ev. 
8. 

8. Ev 
8. 

G. Ev. 
8. 
8. 

G. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. 

8. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
8. Ev 
8. Bv. 
8. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
8. 
8. Bv. 



Maypajrosl819 
N.HoU. 1820 
Geoiigia 1818 
N.Amer. 
Rind. 
N. HoU. 
Bradl , 
E. Ind. 
3 N. HolL 1827 
8. 10 W. Ind. 1827 
W. Ind. 1739 
W. Ind. 1766 
BraxU .1820 
W. Ind. 1822 
lCadagaB.1824 
Mexico . 1828 
C. G. H. 1810 
C. G. H. 1816 
America 1699 
China . 1607 
Guiana . 1828 
E. Ind. . 1817 
Cuba . 1820 
Coromo. 1823 
B. Ayrea 1796 
8. Amer. 1820 
W. Ind. 1781 
8. Amor. 1824 
Trinidad 1818 
8. 16 Jamaica 1756 
8. 2 E. Ind..* 1823 
Bengal . 1820 
E. Ind. . 1818 
Brazil . 1810 
N. 8. W. 1818 
N. 8pain 1818 
E. Ind. . 1820 
W. Ind. 1796 
Mexico . 1824 
W. Ind. 1822 
E. Ind. . 1818 
K. Holl. 1818 
Orinoco 1917 
Barba. 1828 
America 1778 
N.Amer. 1820 
Cayenne 1826 
Jamaica 1817 



CAS 



115 



CAS 



fabmilis . . . TeL 6, S. B. 1 8. Axner. 1800 

itfiica -• . . . YeL fl, 8. A. 8 8. Eur. 

I»vig4ta4 . .YeL 7, 8. Bv. 8. 8 

lanoeoUkta 5 . . YeL 7, & £▼. 8. 1 Lovaiit . 

latifblin . . . YeL «, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Trinidad 1826 

Ugiutrtim . . YeL 7, 8. £y. S. 6 BahAxna 1726 

Unoirlfl . . . YeL 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 Carolina 1800 

line&ta .... YeL 6, & Ev. 8. 1 Jamaica 1818 

longUlliqua . . YeL 6. 8. Ey. 8. 6 W. Ind. 1800 

lotoides . . .YeL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1^ Trinidad 1820 

macnmthtai . Yel. 6, 8. £▼. 8. 3 BxtixU . 1824 

maxigin&ta . . YeL fl^ & Bv. 8. 3 8uriniun 1823 

manJibidica . .YeL 9, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amor. 1823 

m uTirftna . . . YoL 6, 8. Et. 8. 4 Mexico . 1824 

microph^lla . . YoL 7, 8. A. 1 8anCruz 1800 

mimoeoldes . . YoL 7, 8. A. 2 Ceylon . 1806 

molilasima . . YeL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 & Amer. 1820 

montAna . . . YcL 5, 8. Ev. 8. 2 £. Ind. . 1822 

nfcUtana . . . YeL 7, H. A. 2 N.Amer. 1800 

nlgricana . . . YeL 6, Q. Ev. 8. 1 Egypt . 1817 

obovAta6. . .YoL 7,8. A. U Egypt .1640 

obtuMfblia . .YeL 7,8. A. 8 Jamaica 1732 

ooeident&Ua . . YeL 6. 8. Ev. 8. 8 W. Ind. 1769 

oxvad^nia . . YeL 4, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica 1820 

paiida . . . . YoL 0, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. 1818 

Parkcriina . .YeL 8,8. Ev. a U DemeTarel8l7 

ptftula . . . . YeL 8, 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Ind. 1778 

ptodula . . .YoL 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 a Amor. 1820 

pentag5na . . YeL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Peru . . 1700 

pilbea .... YoL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica 1818 

planisfllqua 13 . YoL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 W. Ind. 1822 

polyph^fla . .YoL 6, 8. Ev. a 4 W. Ind. 1816 

proetr&ta . . . YeL 6, 8. Ev. Tr. | 8. Amer. 1819 

puMsoena . . YeL 6, a Ev. 8. 8 8. Amer. 1819 

pulcWUa ... YeL 7, O. Bv. a 3 llaurit 1826 

pbmUa 7 ... YeL 6, a Tr. A. 1 E. Ind. . 1814 

purpurea . . . YeL 7, a Ev. 8. 4 R Ind. . 1821 

proctkmbens . . YeL 6, H. A. 1^ N.Amer. 1806 

quinquangulAris YeL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Cayenne 1818 

retdculAta . . . YeL 8, 8. Ev. 8. 10 8. Amer. 1821 

Bichardiina . . Yel. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1} Cumana 1828 

roWnloldea . . YeL 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Amer. 1823 

BumphiAna . . YeL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Ind. . 1822 

ruacifdlia . . .YeL 6, G. Bv. a 2 Madeira 1816 

sennoidea . . YeL 7, a Bv. 8. 8 E. Ind. . 1808 

•erlcen .... YeL 6. 8. Ev. 8. 8 8. Amer. 1731 

■flphora . . . YeL 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 B. Ind. . 1668 

apeddoa ... YeL 6, a Ev. a 5 BraaU . 1816 

apectiCbilis . . YeL 6, 8. Bv. 8. 4 Caraccas 1820 

•tipulAcea . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 ChiU . 1781 

aulc&ta 8 . . . YeL 6, 8. Ev. a 8 8. Amer. 1820 

Bumatrdjia . . YeL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Sumatra 1823 

Tig^ra .... Yel. 7, a . B. 1* B. Ind. . 1803 

tartfntan . . . YeL 7, 8. Ev. 8. ij Cumana 1817 

ten^lla .... YeL 7, 8. Ev, 8. 2 Oronoca 1820 

Thonnfngii . . YoL 6, 8. A. 1} Guinea 1824 

tomentbea 9 . . YeL 7, a Ev. T. 12 8. Amer. 1822 

toroldea . . .YeL 7, 8. A. 8 E. Ind, . 1812 

tordea 10 . . . P.yL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 China . 1816 

trifldkra .... Bod 6, 8. A. 1 W. Ind. 1816 

unifldra . . . YeL 6^ a Ev. 8. 8 BrasU . 1824 

venflstula . . YeL 7, a Ev. 8. 2 Cumana 1825 

vimlnea . . . YeL a Ev. a 8 W. Ind, 1786 

virgftta . . . YoL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. 1810 

WaUIchlAna 11 . YeL 6, 8. A, 1 Nepal . 1817 

dbniSf ItgustrinoidcSf ohltui/olia, proc&mbetiSf 
sulphHrea 12, Tora. 

CAssiA. See Oinnamdmum c&ssia. 

GXssiA BUDS. See Cinnamhnum vh'um, 

CAssjDA. See ScuiUllaria. 

CassIne, Linn. The name applied to it by the 
Indians of Florida. Linn. 5, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Aqui/oliheece. An ornamental genos, from 
one to six feet high j and one species, C. ex- 
c&lsa, grows eighteen feet high. They thrive 
in a composition of loam and peat, and cat- 
tinffs of the matured wood root freely in sand, 
under a glass. See Celdstrus^ and ElceocUn- 
dron. 

«thi<5pica . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 
Mrhora . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1818 



can^nslfl . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1021 

Colpo<$n . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. . 17Pi> 

exc^laa . . White . 7. G. Ev. 8. 18 Nepal . .1820 

Maurocteia . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 C. G. H. . 1690 
oppoeitifblia . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 

Cassine dahoon. See hex Cassine. 

CAfisfNLi, R. Broum. In honour of M. Henri 
Cassini, a celebrated French botanist. Linn. 
19, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. The species of 
this genus are pretty, and may be successfully 
cultivated in a mixture of loam and peat ; 
they are multiplied by dividing at the root, 
by cuttings, and by seed, without difficult}'. 
See Anffidnthvs. 

afflnls . . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holl. . 1820 

abrea . . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. HolL . 1803 

donticul&ta . Pa.yeL 6, G. Ev. 8. U Australia 1826 

leptonh^lla .White 8, G. Ev. a 2 N. Zealand 1821 

longifdlla . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HolL . 1822 

Bpoddea . . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 2 N. 8. W. 

apocUtbUia . YeUow 7, H. A. 6 N. Holl. . 1818 

Cassioberry BUSH. See Vib&mum Icevigalum. 

CAJSSiOFB, name of the wife of Cepheus. For 
culture, &c., see Andrdmeda, See Erica. 

Cassowary tree. See Casuarina. 

CASStiTHA. See BMpsalis CassiUha. 

CASStrviUM. See S^eehrpus Ana/Ardium. 

CABstTHA, Linn, The Greek name of the Gus- 
eiUa, which it much resembles. Linn. 9, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Cassythdeea. These are curious 
parasites, resembling very much the habit and 
character of the genus CiiseiUa, and will suc- 
ceed with the same treatment ; which see. 
filif6nnl« . . White . 6, Paxvaito 8 B. Indies . 1796 
glabAla . . White . 6, Paxaaite 3 N. Holland 1823 

CaS8YThAck£, or Dodder Laurels. The plants 
of this small order have q^uite tiie appearance 
of Dodders, and, like them, live as parasites on 
other plants. They are found in the hottest 
parts of the world. 
CastAlia. See Nymph^a. 
CastAnea, Ocertnfir. From its being originally 
found in the territory of Ca.stanea, in Thessaly. 
Li7in. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Corylacece. Orna- 
mental timber trees, of variable heights, /rom 
ten to fifty feet ; some are raised from seed ; 
the varieties are frequently multiplied by 
grafting on the common kinds. Synonymes : 
1, Fdgus Caatdnea ; 2, 0. heUrophUlla laciniiUa; 
8, C. variegdia; 4, C.fhltia-lucidis, 
americlkna . Green 5. H. De. T. 60 America, 
chindnois . . Green 6. H. De. T. 40 China . . 
Indica . . . Green 5, 8. Bv. T. 60 B. Indies . 1827 
phmila . . Gr. yL 7, H. De. T. 10 N. Amer. . 1699 
v&ca 1 . . Green 6, H. De. T. 60 England, woodi 

asplenif6Ua2 Green 6, H. De. T. 60 Etuope . . 

fdlii8-ahrei83 Green 6, H. De. T. 60 

mMia . . Green 6^ H. De. T. 60 Europe . . 

glAbra . . Green 6, H. De. T. 60 

cochle&ta . Green 6, H. De. T. 60 

giahea . . Green 6, H. De. T. 60 

chiysoph^lla Green 6, H. De. T. 20 California . 18S0 

CASTANOSPiRMUM, Hooher, The seeds taste 
like chestnuts ; whence the name, from cos- 
tanea, a chestnut, and spermOf a seed. Linn, 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabdcea. An ornamental 
fruit-tree, growing upwards of forty feet hig^, 
and delighting in any loamy soil ; it may be 
increasea by layers. 

auatriLlo . . Saffron . 4, G. Ev. T. 40 N. HolL . 1828 

12 



CAS 



lie 



CAT 



Cast^xa, Turpin, After M. Castel, author of 
a poem upon plants. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Ochntueoc. An interesting stove shrub, four 
feet high ; it requires a mixture of peat and 
loam to grow in, and is increased by cuttings 
in sand, in heat under a glass, 
ertfcta. . . White . 4, 8. Ev. T. 4 W. Indies . . 1821 

Castill^a, Mutis. After Don Castillcja, a 
Spanish botanist, and fiiend of Mutis. Linn. 
1 4, Or. 2, Nat. Or. ScrophulariCtcece. A genus 
of ornamental plants, of easy mana^ment ; 
the stove species succeed well in a mixture of 
loam and peat, and are increased by cuttings ; 
the herbaceous and annual kinds may bo grown 
in sandy peat, and increased by dividing the 
roots or seeds. Synmiyrru: 1, Bartsia pdl- 
lida, 

inteffrifblia . Furpio 0, S. Ev. S. 1 8. Amor. 1825 
moran^nslB . Blue . 7, S. Ev. 8. | Mexico . 1825 
pOUda 1 . . Ltpur. 7. H. Her. P. I Siberia . 1762 
septentrioD&liB W. gm. 8, H. A. 1} Labrador 1821 

serr&ta . . . BIuo . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 8. Amer. 1829 

Castor-oil flant. See Rianus caminunis. 

CASUARiNA, Linn. Supposed to be named from 
the resemblance the leaves bear to the feathers 
of the Cassovmry, of the same country. Linn. 
21, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Casitarindcece. These are 
very interesting plants, on account of their 
rusn-liko, frequently drooping, apnea ranee ; 
they grow from ten to fifteen feet nigh, and 
are very desirable, from the circumstance of 
their flowering so late in the season ; they 
grow very well in a mixture of sandy loam 
and peat, and cuttings root in sand, under a 
glass. 

diflttla . . . Apetal 2, G. Ev. T. 15 N. HoU. . 1812 
eguiaetif&Ua . Apetal 0, G. Ev. T. 15 8. 8ca Isl. 1776 
gJAtica . . . Apetal 9, G. Ev. T. 15 N. HolL . 1824 
&xdica . . . Apetal 9, Q. Ev T. 12 India, 
muriclita . . Apetal 11, O. Ev. T. 15 K Indies. 1822 
nodifl6ra . . Apetal 2, G. Ev. T. IS N. Caled. 1823 
quadrlvilvia Apetal 6 G. Ev. T. 16 N. a W. . 1812 
■tricta . . . Apeftd 6, O. Ev. T. 15 N. 8. W. . 1776 
tcnulssima . Apetal 4, G. Ev. T. 10 N. Holl. . 1825 
toruldaa . . Apetal 9, G. Ev. T. 15 N. 8. W. . 177S 

CasuarinAce^ or Beef-woods. An order of 
only one known genus. Curious branching, 
leafless trees or shrubs, with timber of a higli 
order, which is both hard and heavy, and of 
the colour of raw beef, whence the vulgar 
name. 

CASUMtlNAR. See Zingiber CasumUnar. 

OAstrpo. See Phritnium CasHpo. 

Catabr6sa, Bcauvois, Derived from kalabrosiSf 
signifying food. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Cframindieea. A curious aquatic genus of 
grasses, that require to be grown in a cistern, 
or pan of water; divisions. Synonyine: 1, 
Air a aqudiictu 

aquKtica 1 . Apetal . 6, H. Aq. P. 1} Eng., rivulets, 
viifdula . . Apetal . 6, H. Aq. F. 1 . Ibl6 

Oatach^um. See Catasitum, 

CatakidozAmia. See Zdmia. 

CatAlpa, Jussieu, Its name in India. Linn, 
2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bignonidcece. C. ayringx- 
fblia is excellently adapted for planting singly 
on lawns, or about the skirts of pleasure- 
grounds ; it grows freely in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and is propagated readily by means 



of seed, layers, or cuttings. Synonyme: I,. 
Bignonia microphplla, 

longfssima . White . 6, 8. Kv. T. 20 W. Indies 1777 
microph^lla 1 White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 14 Hisponiola 1820 
Byrlngiefolia White . 7, H. De. T. 25 N.America 172ff 
Pattsii . . . Roee . 7» H. Ev. 8. 10 Chibtukh . 1847 

CatanAkche, Linn. KcUanaqJcc^ strong incen> 
tive ; used by the women of Thessaly in phil- 
tres and love potions. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. AsUrAcece. A pretty genus, that succeedv 
well in common soil, and may be increased by 
seeds, or dividing at the roots, 
csertilea . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 8 8. Eur. . 159^ 
blcolor . . Wtblue 8, H. Her. P. 2^ Gardens 1827 
Ihtea . . . Yellow. 6, H. A. { Candia 104(> 

CataphrAgta, clothed in mail. 

CatAppa. See TermiTidlia, 

CatAppak. See Termindlia. 

CAtAria. See Nipeia CaUtria. 

Catarrhal, of or belonging to a cold. 

CATAsferUM, Richard, Not explained. Linn, 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orehidhcea. All tho 
species of this genus are strong, rapid -gi-owing^ 
plants, and from the singular formation of the 
flowers, they well deserve a place in every col- 
lection. They should bo kept cool and diy 
when torpid, forced gently into growth, and 
when growing freely, kept in a strong heat, 
and copiously supplied with water : this treat- 
ment should be applied to all plants of a 
similar habit They require to be potted in 
the same kind of soil, and in a similar manner 
to the Stanhopeas and Oongoras. See Mydn* 
thus. Synanymcs: 1, Mydnthus barbAiu3/ 
2, MydrUhus prohosddeus ; 8, Afydnthiis cal- 
Idsus ; 4, Mydnthua comiitus; 5, Mydnthus 
delMdcus; 6, Monacdnthus discolor ; 7, My- 
dnthus land/enis; 8, Monacdnthus longifi^ 
lius; 9, Monacdnthus rbseo-dlbus ; 10, Mydn- 
thus sacchtus; 11, Mydnthus spindsus; 12, C. 
Claveringi; 18, C. floribUndum ; 14, C, tna- 
culdttim; 15, Monacdnthus fimbridiiis, Mydn- 
dms fimbridius; 16, Mydnthus cemxtus^ C, 
cernHum; 17, Mormides pardina. 
abrftptum . . Qm. ycL 9, 8. Epi. Brazil . 1841 
atrdtum . . . Dark . 7, 8. Epi. 1 Brazil . 
barbfttum 1 . . Br.gr.w. 6, 8. Epi. 2 Demera. 1836 
prnbo8cfdeum2 Bm. gm. 5, 8. EpL 2 Sertao . 1886 



calldsiim 8 



Bm. yel. 6, 8. Epi. 



grandifldnim . G. br. jar. 12, 8. EpL 



citrluum 17 

comtituxu 4 

criBt&tum . . 

deltoldeuxn 5 

discolor 6 . . 

Buahmini . 

fimbrilLtum 

viridifldrum 

fimbri&tum 15 

fuligindeum . 

globlfldrum . 

Hooktei 



. Pa. yel. . 
. Gr. pur. 
. Green . 
. Gr. spot 
. Purple . 
. Yel. gm. 
. Gr. wht. 
. Green . 
. Wht pk. 
. Gm.pur. 
. Olive br. 
Gm. br. 



L'iGuAyr.1840 
Columb. 1845 



integArimum 14 YeUow 



laminAtuzn 
eb(kmeum . 
xnacul4tum . 
lancffemm 7 
Lansb^rgii 
longifMlum 8 
Ittridum . . 
macuIAtum . 
MOleri. . . 

N&80 . . . 

ocbiiiceam . 



. Pur. spot 
. Whtgm. 
. Gr. pur. 
. Pur. gr. 
. Gr. pur. 
. Orange 



8, 8. Epi. 

8, 8. Epi. Demera. 1840 

8, 8. Epi. 8 Brazil . 1823 

5, 8. Epi Demera. 1842 
8, 8. Epi. Brazil . 1842 
8, 8. Epi. Demerara. 

8, 8. EpL BrazU . 18S7 

8, 8. Epi. Demcrara. 

9, 8. EpL 1^ Brazil . 1837 

8. & EpL Mexico . \B^9 

6, 8. EpL Brazil . 1840 
10, 8. EpL 1} Brazil .1813 

6, 8. Epi. Guatem. 1889 
4, 8. EpL Mexico . 1844 
4, 8. Epi. Mexico . 1839 

9, 8. Epi. li Mexico . 1837 
8, 8. EpL Brazil . 1839 

Caraccaz 1849 
Demera. 1887 
Brazil . 
N.Orena.1830 
Brazil . 1837 
Mexico . 1843 
Brazil . 1844 



8. Epi 
8, 8. EpL 
Gm.bm. 10, 8. Epi. 
Gm.pur. 9, 8. EpL 8 
Pur. spot 9, a EpL 8 
Gm.pur. 8, 8. EpL 
Yellow . 9, 8. EpL 



CAT 



117 



CAT 



pliCoiceps . . . Grn. yoL 0, S. Epi. 1 Sp.Main 1840 

porlfenun . . GriLpur. tf, B. £^L 2 Demera. 1837 

ptirum .... Oroen . 10, S. £pL 1 Brasil . 1824 

rbaeo fflbum . . Wht. red 4. & Epi. 2 Para . 1836 

Rusnelitoum . Green . 7, S. EpL 2 Guatem. 1838 

aaoc&tum 10 . . Tel.apit. 3, S. EpL 1 Demera. 1840 
aangufneum . . G.redbr. 11, 8. Epi. 1} C.Amer. 1850 

aemiapdrtum . Green . 1, S. EpL 1 Brazil . 1824 

aerr&tum . . . Gm. yeL 9, 8. Epi. 1 Panama 1844 

nirfnjyium 11 . . Gm.bm. S. EpL 1 Brazil . 1840 

trident&tuni . . Tel. bm. 4, S. ^. 2 Trinidad 1822 
atrv^urpbreum D&rk pur. 8, S. Epi. li Demeraro. 
atireum . . . Yellow . 8, S. EpL l| Demerara. 

Olaverfngi 12 . Yel. bm. 8, U. EpL 2 BrazU . 1822 

floribftndum 13 YeL bm. 11» 8. EpL 1 Trinidad 1824 

mocrocirpum . YeL pur. 8, S. Epi. 2 Bradl 

Tlridifldrum . Gre«i . *, 8. EpL 1 Demerara. 

tabul&re . . . Gm. pur. 6, 8. EpL 1 Grenada 1844 

trffidum 16 . . Green . 6. 8. EpL 1 Trinidad 

TrOlla . . . .Gm.bm. 9, 8. EpL 1 8.Amer. 1840 

viridifl&Yum . . YeL gm. 6, 8. EpL 1 8. Amer. 1841 

WailMi . . . Green . 9, 8. EpL 1 Houdtu*. 1840 

Warzewitzii . . Pa. Gm. 5, 8. EpL 1 Panama 1849 

CatAya. See Polyghnum Catdtya, 

Catchfly. See SiUne., 

Catchweed. See Oalium ApaHne. 

CXtechu, See Ardca Cdtechu, 

Cat^pha. See Trachymine. 

Caterpillar. See ScorpiHrus, 

CATESBikA, GronoHua, After Mark Catesby, 
author of the Natural History of Carolina. 
Linn. 4, Or.l, Nat Or. CtTichandeece. An or- 
namental genus, the species of which attain 
from two to twelve feet high ; they thrive best 
in light turfy loam, and peat soil. Being very 
subject to the attacks of insects, great watch- 
fulness is required to keep them clear, or the 
plants never succeed or flower. Cuttings root 
m sand, under a glass, in heat. 
latil&Ua . . YeUow 6, S. Ev. T. 5 W. Indies . 1823 
parvifl6ra . . White. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Jamaica . 1810 
spindea . . YeUow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 12 I. Provid. . 1726 

Oi.THA, Forsh The name of this genus is said 
to be of Arabian origin. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Celaatrdcece. A shrub about three feet 
high, a native of the East Indies. Its flowers 
are green and without fragrance. It grows 
freely in a mixture of heath mould and light 
loam, and may be propagated by cuttings. 
paniculAta . Wht gm. . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 8 E. Indies 1841 
OatharAnthus, Bon. From katharos, pure, 
and antkosy a flower ; on account of the neat 
and beautiful flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. ApocynaccoB. The species of this genus are 
well worth cultivating in every collection of 
plants. O. rdseiis and its varieties succeed 
well in common garden soil, and are readily 
increased by cuttings or seeds. The seeds of 
C. pusUlua should be sown in a pot full of light 
rich soil, and placed in a hotbed, and after- 
wards treated as other tender annuals. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Vlnca puMla ; 2, V. rdsea ; 3, Vinca 
rhseafol. variegdlis. 

posflluB 1 . . Blue . 8, 8. A. 1 Tranquebar 1778 

rOeeua 2 . . Ra. eld. 5, 8. Ev. 8. 1 E. Tndies . 1726 

labus . . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 E. Indies. 

ocelliitus . W. pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8L 1 E. Indies. 

yarieg&tusS. Red w. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Gardens. 



Cathartic, purgative. 

CathartocArpus, Peraoon, From kathairo, to 
purge, and karpos, fruit. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. FaMcecc. Stove plants, requiring the 
same treatment as the species of Cassia. Sy- 



nonynics: 1, Cdssia grdndis, C. BrazilihuXf C. 
mdllis; 2, C. Roxb&rghii ; 3, Cassia spccihsa; 
4t Cdssia Fistula. 

conspicuus . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 8Ierra L. 1822 
femislneus . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Brazil . 1828 
Flstxila 4 . . . Yell»w 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 E. Ind. 17:il 
flstuloldes . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Mexico . 1826 
grgjidis 1 . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. ti) Bnudl . 1822 
HumboldtiAnua S Pii. red G, 8. Ev. 8. 40 Caraccas 1826 
javfoicus . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Java . 1779 
mar«^n&tus 2 . . Yellow 6. 8. Ev. 6. 20 E. lud. 1823 
uodbBUfl . . . YeUow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 E. Ind. 1824 
rhombifdliufl . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 B. Ind. 1820 
Trinitatifl . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Trinidad 18-J4 

CathcArtia, Hook. Named in honour of J. F. 
Cathcart, late at Tirrhoot. Linn. 13, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Papavcrd£ece. A very pretty biennial, 
that will grow in any light rich soil, in a shel- 
tered situation, and increased from seeds. 
vill6sa . . Yellow . 6, H. B. 1 J N. India . . 1850 

Catholic, generally useful, excellent in a medi- 
cinal sense. 

Catjang. See Mlichos Caiidng. 

Catkin, inflorescence of the natural order Amen- 
taceoRf as the willow. 

Catmint. See Ndpeta, 

Cat's-claw mimosa. See Inga ^nguis-cdti. 

Cat's ear. See Jfypochdkris. 

Cat's tail. See T^ha. 

Cat's-tail grass. See PhUurh. 

Caiteridob tree. See Eubnymus europdsus. 

Caterpillars. See Scorpiarus. 

Cat thyme. See TeOcrium mdrum. 

Cattl^yA, LindUy. In honour of William 
Cattley, Esq., of Bamet, Hertfordshire, a 
famous patron of botany, and one of the most 
ardent collectors of rare plants of his day. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. OrchiddcecB. Some 
of the species of thb s]>lendid genus of plants 
are most magnificent when in flower, as C. 
crispa^ IdbidUa, and MSssias; and these three 
vio with each other in the beauty of their 
flowers : when they are well grown, each of 
these has generally from four to six flowers on 
a spike ; in C. crUpa the sepals and petals are 
pure white, the latter muuh curled, while the 
lip or labellum is purple in the inside, and 
wtiite out.side. The flowers of C. labidUa are 
very large and showy, the sepals and petals 
being a delicate rose-colour, and somewhat 
curled; the outside of the labellum is also 
rose-colour, and the inside blotched, and 
striped with deep carmine. The flowers 
of 0. Mdssiw very much resemble those 
of lahidi%, only they are larger, the cir- 
cumference of the flower being about twenty- 
four inches. All the other species are highly 
deserving of cultivation, if only for the splen- 
dour of their flowers. For culture and propa- 
gation they may bo referred to the Stanhopeas. 
See SophronUis. Synonynus: 1, C. KarvAn- 
skiif Sohralia eUrina ; 2, Broughtdnia Domin- 
ginsis, Lasli^psis Dominginsia ; 3, C. labiAta 
Lenumidna; 4, O. SchornbHrghii, Cyrnbidium 
violdeeum; 5, C. bulbdeum; 6, C. Mdsnx 
mdxima; 7, C. specidbilia, margvndta, PifUlH; 
8, C. inodista; 9, labHUa Mtssia; 10, inter- 
TnMia^ vcM&lis, mafUima Papeiaiisidtna, 
AcUndise . . Purple . 7, 8. BpL i Bradl . . 1830 



CAU 



118 



CEC 



.4,8. 

4,8. 

4,8. 

6,8. 
. 6,8. 

5,8. 



. Purple . 7, 8. 
. Lilac . . 7, 8. 
. Olive grn. 9, 8. 
. Purple . 4, 8. 
. While . 4, 8. 
. Citron . 4, 8. 
. Scarlet . 4, S. 
. Wht pur. 9, 8. 
S Rose . . 4, 8. 
, Gm. spot. 4, 8. 
. Rose vio. 8, 8. 
. Wht ycL 6, 8. 
. Wht frm. 6, 8. 
. Gr. w. or. 6, 8. 
. Gr. spot . 8, 8. 
. Gr. spot . 4, 8. 
. Gr. spot 
. Vio. yel, 
. Vio. yel. 
. Vio. yeL 
. Lfft red 
.Wht red 
. Whtcrim. 6, 8. 
/Cri lilac 6,8. 
I LiL pur. 11, 8. 
.Wht cri. 8,8. 
. Pur. cri. 6, 8. 
. Roee yol. 8, 8. 
, Brn. yel. 6, 8. 
, Rose . . 8, 8. 
. Vio. lilac 8, 8. 
. Yellow . 6, 8. 
. Pk.crim. 11, 8. 
. Drk. pink 6, 8. 
. Crim.lllac 7, 8. 
. Rose pur. 6, 8. 
. W.pk.ycl. 6, 8. 
. Violet yel. 6, 8. 
. Purple . 8, 8. 
8. 
. Purple . 8, 8. 
. W.pur.yLlO, 8. 
. Cnmson 6, 8. 
. Rose . . 8, 8. 
. Drk. rose 5, 8. 
. Purple . 6, 8. 
I Purple . 6, 8. 
. Rose pur. 6, 8. 
. Purple . 6, 8. 
. LU. crlm. 6, 8. 



Epi. 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 
Epi. 1 



1842 
1887 
1846 
1838 
1838 
1839 
1826 



BrazU . 

Braza . 

BrazU . 

Bra£il . 

Mexico 

Rio Jan. 

Brazil . 

StDomin. 1844 
Epi. 1 BrasU . . 1827 
Epi. 1 Brazil . . 1850 
EpL j Brazil . . 1823 
Epi. 1 Guatemala 1811 
Epi. 1 Mexico . 1839 
Epi. 1 Brazil 
EpL 1 Brazil 
Epi. 1 Brazil 
Epi. 1 Brazil 
" ■ - Brazil 



.1838 
.1827 
. 1827 
. 1825 
. 1824 



Epi. 1 

Epi. 1 Brazil . 

Epi. 1 Brazil . 

Epi. 1 Brazil . 

EpL 1 Brazil . 

EpL 1 BrazU . . 1818 

EpL 1 La Guayra 1839 



. 1838 
. 1843 



1849 
1849 
1842 
1850 
1847 
1815 
1857 
1843 



1 Brazil 
Epi. 1 Caraccas 
Epi. ^ Brazil . 
Epi. 1 BrazU . 
EpL ^ Brazil . 
EpL 1 Brazil . 
EpL 1 Brazil . 
EpL 1 Brazil . 
Epi. 1\ GuayaquU 1844 
Epi. 1 La Guayra 1836 
EpL IJ Domeram 1836 
EpL 1 Mexico . 1840 
Epi. 1 

EpL 1 BrazU . . 
Epi. 

EpL i S. Amcr. 
EpL 1 

Epi. 1 Brazil . 
Epi. n Guatemala 1826 
EpL l| Guatemala 1836 
EpL 1 Guatemala 1855 
EpLl 
EpL 1 

EpL 1 Demorara 1833 
EpL } BrazU . . 1844 



.1837 
, 1858 



CAtcALis, Hoffmansegg. A name used by Hip- 
pocrates and Theophrastos. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. ApidcecB. The plants have little 
beauty, and arc easily managed by merely 
sowing the seed in the open ground^daucoideSj 
gldbra, hispida, lutifblia, leptophplloj mauri- 
idnica, pumila. See Orldya, Pl(Uy^)6rmuin, 
ToriliSf Turginia. 

CaudAte, tailed, being like a tail. 

CAtrDEX, the trunk or stem of a tree. 

CaudIcula, a small membranous process, on which 
the pollen of orchidaceous plants is fixed. 

Caulescent, acquiring a stem. 

CaullllAta, wing-stemmed. 

CAULfcULE^ the little stem of the embryo which 
unites the cotyledons with the radicle. 

Cauliflower. See Brdssica olerdcca caulijldra. 

Caulinb, belonging to the stem. 

Caulinia. See Kennidya. 

Cauloph^ LLUM, Michaux. From haulos, a stem, 
and phyllon, a leaf; being so terminated by 
the stalks, its leaves appear a continuation of 
the stem. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Berheri- 
ddceoe, A singular plant, that requires to be 
grown in sandy peat, and is increased by di- 
viding the roots. Synonyme : 1, Lcdnticc 
thalidroldes, 
thalictroldee 1 YeL gm. 5, H. Tu- P. N. Amer. 1755 



CAVANfLLEA. See Di6spyros Mabdla, and Em- 

bry6pUri8 gelatini/era. 
Caustic, having a burning quality. 
Cavanill^sia. See PourrHia. 
Cavus, hollow, full of holes. 
CaxApora. See TermindZia argSnlca, 
Cayenne butter. See Cdpsicwm fnUiscens. 
Cean5thus, Linn. Fi-om kenteoj to prick ; a 
name used by Theophrastus to denote a spiny 
plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ithamnacecc. 
A genus of showy plants, growing from one 
to twenty feet high ; they thrive well in peat 
and loam; cuttings strike in sand, under a 
glass. See ColuMndf Ponuid^rris^ WUlcnUlia. 
Synonyincs : 1, C, caerdleus ; 2, Rhdmniis 
cap^nsis; 3, R Icevigdtus; 4, i?. mysta- 
cinus ; 5, R. sphcerosp^mus ; 6, Ccldstrus zey- 
Idnicus, 

africinufi . . Pa.yeL 3, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1712 
americitous . White 7, H. De. S. 3 N. Amer. 1713 
aaidticus , . Pa. yel. 7, G. Ev. 8. 10 Ceylon . 1691 
azlireus 1 . . Pa. blue 4, Q. Er. 8. 10 Mexico . 1818 
fldre ilbo . White 4, F. Ev. 8. 10 
grandidbrus Blue . 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 Mexico . 
p^OUduB . . Blue . 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 Mexico . 

White 4, G. Ev. 8. IJ Mexico . 1824 
White 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1828 
Light . 7, H. Ev. 8. 1 N. Amer. 1827 
Green 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Bahama . 1762 
Crim. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 5 Cul)a . .1820 
Whito 6, F. Ev. 8. 5 California 1848 
Blue . 6, F. Ev. 8. 4 California 1848 
Blue . 6, U. Ev. 8. 2 California 1841 
Blue . 6, F. Ev. 8. 4 California 1854 
F. Ev. 8. 



buxlfdlius 

capdnsis 2 

collluus . 

colubrlnus 

cub^nslB . 

ctme&tus . 

dent&tuB . 

divaric4tufl 

floribdndus 

Fontanesitoa Blue 

Bartw^l . Blue 

inf&tus . . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 

iategdrrimuB Blue . 6, F. Ev. 8. 

intermWius . White 6, H. De. 8. 

I»vigitu8 3 . Gr. yeL 6, 8. Ev. 8. 

Lobbiinus . Blue . 6, H. Ev. 8. 

macroc&rpus Yellow 7, 8. Ev. 8. 

microphylluB White 6, H. De. 8. 

Mocini&nuz . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 



Mexico . 1824 
California 1848 
N. Amer. 1812 
W. Indies 1818 
Califomia 1854 
N. 8pa{n 1824 
1\ N. Amor. 1806 
5 Mexico . 1824 



mystaclnua 4 W. gr. 11, 8. Ev. 8. 12 Africa. . 1775 
Yellow 8, H. De. 8. 10 Nepal . . 1820 



nepaldnsis 
oreg&nuB . 

OV&tU8 . . 

pallid68U8 
pdlliduB 
papill6su8 
per^nla . 
recliuiitus . 
rfgidus . . 
sanguineus 



thyrsifldrus . 
YeitchiJLnus 
vclutlnus . 
verrucosus 
zeyl^nicusC , 



Gr. vr. 6. H. De. 8. 6 Oregon . 1859 

Whito 7, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1818 

Blue . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 CaUfomia 1849 

Pa. bl. 5. P. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. 

Blue . 6, P. Ev. 8. 6 Califomia 1849 

White 8, H.Her. P. 2 Carolina . 1822 

Green . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 5 Jamaica . 1758 

Violet 6, F. Ev. 8. 4 California 1818 

White 6, H. Do. 8. 12 Missouri 1812 

"^T*^". } Q»"yo^ ^. S. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1824 

twrdifldrus " . White 9, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amor. 1820 

Blue . 5, G.JBv. 8. 2 Mexico . 1843 

Blue . 5, H. Ev. 8. 3 Califomia 1858 

Whito 10, F. Ev. 8. 4 Oregon . 1859 

Pur.bl. 6, F. Ev. 8. 5 Califomia 184S 

Whito 7, 8. Ev. T. 3 Ceylon . 1818 

CebadIlla or CbvadIlla. 
ndlis. 

Cecr5pia, Linn. After Cccrops, king of Athens, 
whose legs were fabled to be snakes. Linn. 
22, Or. 2, Kat. Or. Ariocarpdccoi. Beautiful 
trees, attaining twenty or thirty feet high, 
they have five peltate leaves, which give the 
plants a fine appearance ; a mixture of loam 
and peat suits them, and strong cuttings 
planted in sand, under a glass, with a little 
heat, root freely. 

ctfncolor . . Apotal 8, 8. Ev. T. 20 Brazil . . 1822 
palm&ta . . Apotal 3, 8. Ev. T. 25 Brazil . . 1820 
pelt&ta . . . Apetal 3, 8. Ev. T. 30 Jamaica. . 1778 



See Aiagrdsa offici- 



CED 



119 



CEL 



See Juniperus 'barha- 
See Juniperus bermu- 



Cedar, Barbadoes. 

dinns. 
Cedar, Bermudas. 

didna. 

Cedar of GtOA. See Oupr^asua Ituiidniea, 
Cedar of Quiaka. See Idea cUiisnma, 
Cedar of Lebanon. See (Mrus Libanu 
Cedar of Virginia. See Juniperus virgi- 

nidma. 
Cedar, Whitr See Thaja Arbor- VUcdy and 

Cupriasus ThyMes. 
CEDRkLA, Linn, From cedrus, the cedar-tree ; 
the wood has an aromatic resinous scent like 
it. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. CedreUccce, 
A genus of tallish timber trees ; they do well 
in open loam, and young plants are pi-ocured 
from cuttings in sand, under a glass. 
austrtJifl . . Pk. yeL 6, a Ev. T. 60 N. a W. . 1828 
odorilta . . Pink . 6, 8. Ev. T. 50 W. Indies . 1739 
T061UI . . . Tdlow 6, a Ev. T. 60 E. Indies . 18SS 
▼elutlna . . Tollow 6, B. Ev. T. 50 E. Indies. 

Cedrate lemons. See Citrus. 

Cedre BLANa See Idea aUisnma. 

Cedre rouge. See Idea cUHmma. 

CedrelXcea or Cedrelads. An order of tall 
trees, of which the midiogany tree (SweeiHia 
Mahdgont) is a good example. 

Cedkon^lla, Moenck. Supposed to be derived 
from kedros^ the Cedar, in allusion to the well- 
known ''Balm of Oilcad" (C. tHphplla). 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidcea. For 
culture see J>raeoeiphalum. Synowym^s: 1, 
Dracoc6phalum eorddtum; 2, D. mexicdnum, 
Garddquia betonicoldes ; 3, CedrtnUlla canari- 
insis, I)raeoc6phcUum canarUnse. 
c&na . . . Cri. red 6, H. Her. P. 8 Texas . . 1846 
c5onlita 1 . .Pa. bl. 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. . 18«4 
mexicikna 2 . Pa. pur. 7, G. Her. P. 3 Mexico . 1837 
pfilida . . . Rose . 0, G. Her. P. 8 Mexico . 1844 
tripbflia 3 . Pa. pur. 7, Q. Ev. 8. 3 Canaries . 1687 

CkDRUS, Miller. Found plentifully on the banks 
of a brook in Judaea, named Cedron ; whence 
the name. Linn. 21, Or> 10, Nat. Or. Pi- 
ndeece. The two species of this genus are not 
only ornamental but highly valuable for the 
fine timber they yield. They grow ninety feet 
high, deli£;hting in sandy loamy soil, and are 
increased by seeds generally, but C. Beoddra 
takes readily if grafted upon the common 
larch. Synonymes: 1, Finus Dcoddra; 2, 
Finns Cidrus, 
DeodiLni 1 . . Apetal 6, H. Ev. T. 100 Nepal . . 1822 

roWista . . Apetal 6, H. Bv. T. 100 Nepal . . 
Lib&ni 2 . . Apetal 5, H. Ev. T. 80 Levant . 1688 

fol. argdntcis Apetal 6, H. Ev. T. 80 Mt Atlas 

nkna . . . Apetal 6, H. Ev. T. 20 

CEfBA. See Bbmhax Ctiba. 

Celandine. See Chelidbnium. 

Celandine. See JBoccdniafrutSscens. 

CELASTRicE-«, or Spindle Trees. Small trees and 
slinibs, principally occupying temperate cli- 
mates. 

CelAstri& See Maptenus. 

CEiiiSTRUS, Linn. From celas^ the latter sea- 
son ; the fruit remains on the tree all winter. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Celastrdeece. This is a 
^enus composed of ornamental plants, varying 
in height from two to twenty feet ; the species 
thrive best in Or mixture of sandy loam and 



peat ; the ripened cuttings root freely in sand, 
under a glass. The leaves of C. ediilia and 
niUans are said to be stimulant, and are used 
in medicine. Syjionymes : 1, C. emargindius ; 
2, CassHns IcBvigdla. See Ceandthus^ Sendcia. 

bull&tus . . White 7, H. De CI. 20 Virginia . 1750 

buzifblius . . White 6. G. Ev. 8. 4 G. G. H. . 1752 

caasinoldos . White 8, G. Bv. 8. 5 Canaries . 1770 

wJmuus . . White 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1817 

cymdeus . . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1815 

emargin^tus . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. . 1820 

flexudsus . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. . 1820 

iliclnus. . . White 6. G. Ev. 8. 10 C. G. H. . 1817 

hiurlnus . . White 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1818 

UneJOis . . White 5, G. Bv. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1818 

Ihddus. . . White 6, G. Ev. a 2 C. G. H. . 1782 

lydoldes . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 5 Canaries . 1821 

maoroc&rpa . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 Peru . . 1826 

moxic&nus . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 7 Mexico . 1824 

multifl6rus . White 6, 8. Ev. T. 4 8. Europe 1816 

myrtifdUus . White 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1810 

nittans . . . White 6, a Ev. CL 12 E. Indies . 1810 

oleoldes . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 3 C G. H. . 1824 

ptoroc&rpus . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1824 

punctAtutf . White 7, G. Ev. CI. 5 Japan . . 1817 

pyracdnthus . White 5, G. Bv. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1742 

"^SSrtT".^'." } ^'^*« <'' S- Ev. a 12 Bmzil . . 1820 

rethsus'l '. . Yellow 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 Peru . . 1824 

Tlgidus . . . YeUow 6, G. Bv. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1818 
Bctfndena . . Tellow 5, H. De. CI 20 N. Amer. . 1736 

tetragbnus . White 6, G. Bv. 8. 6 C. G. H. . 1816 

tricuflpidiltu82 White 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 C. G. H. . 1818 

trig^nus . . White 6, a Ev. 8. 4 I. France . 1824 

undAtus . . White 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1826 

Celbriac. See Apiwm gravedlens rapdceum. 
Celert. See Apium gravedlens. 
Cell, the hollow part of a capsule, in which the 
seeds are lodged, and the part of the anthers 
which contains the pollen. 
Cellular, composed of cells. 
Cel6sia, Linn. From kelos, burnt ; the flowers 
of some of the species appear as it were singed 
or burnt. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaran- 
tdcccc. These are all ornamental or curious 
plants, growing from one to five feet high ; the 
species should bo sown in a hotbed frame, or in 
a hothouse, and when uf a sufficient strength, 
they should be transplanted into single pots, 
and placed amongst other hothouse or green- 
house annuals. See J&ruay Dccringia, Lcsti- 
budisia. 

A. 1 Chin.a . . 1740 
A. 1 K Indies 1714 
A. 14 

A. 1 B. Indies 1579 
A. 1 Garden, var. 
A. 2 B. Indies 1730 



OTflfdntea . . Ltflesh 7, 8. 

line&ris . . Flesh . 6, G. 
atrosangufnea CarmL 7, G. 
ahrea . . . Yellow 7, G. 

pyramidMlB Orange 7, G. 
castr^nsis . . Piuple 7. B. 



c^mua . . . Purole 7, a 

GOGCfnea . . Pink . 7, a 

comdsa . . . Pink . 7, 8. 

crist&ta . . Dk.red 7, a 

comp^hsta . Dk.rod 7, G. 

elAta . . . Dk.Ted 7, G. 

flavfecens . Yellow 7, G. 

dich6toma . Yellow 7, S. 



A. 3 B. Indies 1800 
A. 4 ChJna . . 1607 
A. 1 E. Indies 1802 
A. 2 Asia . . 1570 
A. li Asia . . 1570 
A. 2 Asia . . 1570 
A. l\ Asia . . 1570 
A. 1 E. Ind. . 1824 



echinita . . Purple 7, 8. Bv. a i Orinoco . 1821 
fflahca . . . White 7, G. Bv. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1818 
margaritAceal Yellow 8, a A. 2 W. Ind. .1817 

Mon«6nia. . Whlto 8, a A. 3 Rind. .1778 

nitida . . . Purple 8. 8. A. 1 Mdabar . 1706 

nodifl6ra . . Groen 8, 8. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1780 

pyramidilia . White 7, 8. A. 1 B. Ind. . 1820 

CiusiA, Linn. In honour of Olaus Celsius, 
D.D., professor of oriental languages m the 
university of Upsal, and friend of Lmnaeus. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scrophulandcece. 



CEL 



120 



CEN 



B. 4 CandlA . 1780 
B. 2 N. Africa 

A. 4 R Ind. . 1783 



This is a gnnus of ornamental plants, from two 
to six feet high ; its species must be raised on 
a mild hotbed, and then transplanted in 
jjots, as it is necessary they have the protec- 
tion of a stove or greenhouse during winter. 
8oe A lonsoa. 

Arctbms . . Yellow . 4, P. 
betonioBfOIiA YoUow . 7, F. 

'^lS!r^°'}YoUow .7.8. 

erotica . . Yellow . 7, P. B. 6 Croto . . 1762 

heteroph^lla. YeUow . 7, P. B. 2 .1829 

lanUta . . . YeUow . 7, P. Ev. 8. 2 .1818 

lancooUta . Vcllow . 7, P. B. 3 Lorant . 1816 

orientiUa . Bni. yoL . 7. H. A. 2 Levant . 1713 

visc6sa. . . YeUow . 7, 8. A. 8 . 1816 

CiLSUS, upright, stately, tall. 

CfiLTis, Ltnn. One of the ancient names given 
to the Ldtiis. Linn. 23. Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ul- 
vid^eoe. Nettle tree. This is an ornamental 
ccnus of trees and shrubs, varying in lieight 
from six to fifty feet ; the most of tliem do 
very well in any common garden soil, and are 
very suitable for the back of shrubberies and 
plantations ; increased by seeds or layers. J^i/' 
lumynie: 1, C. cordifblia, 

aculeftta . . Green . S. Er. T. 10 Jamaica . 1701 
aiLstrUis . . Green . 5, H. Do. T. 40 8. Eur. . 1796 
crasaif51ia 1 . Groon . 4, H. Dc. T. 20 N. Axuer. 1812 
l»vlg&ta . . Green . 4, H. Dc. T. 20 Louisiana 
lima . . . Gr. yeL . 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1823 
micrdntha . Green . 8, & Et. T. 10 Jamaica . 1739 
occident^is . Green . 4, H. Do. P. 20 N. Amor. 1666 
cordata . . Green . 4, H. De. P. 20 N. Amer. 

'^M*ula2 IG"^^^ • *. H. De. P. 20 N. Amor. 
orient&liB . Gr. yol. . 8. Ev. T. 60 E. Ind. . 1820 
ptmiila . . Green . 6, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 1812 
sinensis . . Green . H. De. T. 10 Asia . . 1820 
Toumef5rti . Green . U. De. 8. 6 Levant . 1739 

C^MBRA, signifying a pine. See Fintis C&mhra. 

CenInoium, Fries. From kenoSf empty, and 
aggeion^ a vessel ; in reference to the empty or 
hollow receptacle. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
ffelvelldceae. Minute species of Fungij appear- 
ing generally upon plum and cherry barks, and 
as well upon the Mountain Ash and dead Firs 
— Aucupdriaj Cerdsi, ferruginhsum^ Pru- 
ndstriy qiurcinumf fuHyindsunif pulverdccum. 

Cj^nchrus, Linn. From kegchros, the oriental 
name of the millet. Lifin. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Oramindcca. These, as well as the greater 
part of the Gramind/xce, are very curious ; the 
species of this genus grow from one to two feet 
hi^h, and the principal part of them only re- 
qntres to be sown in the open ground. See An- 
tfUphora, Centothicaj EchinAria. 
austrUis . . Apetal ... 7, Grass 1 N. HolL . 1822 
echlnlltufl . Apetal ... 0, Grass 2 W. Ind. . 1691 
«pInifox . . Apetal ... 6, Grass 1 8. Amer. 1820 
-tribuloldos . Apetal ... 6, Grass 1 K Amor. 1818 

C&NIA, Commelin. Derived from kcnoSf empty ; 
in allusion to its inflated calyx. Linn, 19, Or. 
2, Nat Or. Asteracece. Synonynu: 1, Lid- 
hickia turbincUa — ^pruinbsa, turbinhta, 1, tur. 
dlba, tur. form6sa. 

GENfsiA, growing on Mount Cenis. 

Cen6htcb, Acharius. From kenos^ empty, and 
mykesy a fungus ; alluding to the liollowness 
of the little receptacles. Lin7i. 24, Or. 8, 
Nat Or. ParmelideecB. An extensive genus of 
interesting Lichens^ discoverable upon moor 



and mountain land, and also upon old wood, 
&c. — alcicdmiSf baciUAris, bellidiflbra^ cervi- 
cbmiSy eoccifera^ c. comucopuAdcs, defdrmis, 
delicdLta^ di^tata, tcmocpma^ e. grdeilis, ni- 
divuxifdlia^ Jimbriataf f. cornuia^f. radidJa, 
/areata^ f. suhuldtia, gonor^a, g. anomdia, pa- 
pilldria, pyxidhta^ racemosa^ rangifcrlnaf r. 
pUngejis, spardssa, uncidlis, vermicularis. 

CENOc6ocnH, Fines, From kenos^ empty, and 
kokkoSy a berry. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat Or. 
Lycopcrd^cccR, Found in woods. — gedphilum. 

CEN0L6pniUM, De CandolU. From kenos^ 
empty, and lophoSy a crest Uidges of ribs of 
fruit, hollow inside. Lbm. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
ApidcecD. See Cnfdium. 

CENTAtjREA, Linn. "With one of these plants, 
the Centaur Chiron cured the wound made in 
liis foot by the arrow of Hercules. Linn, 19, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The species of this 
genus are, for the greater part, ornamental 

Elants, growing from half a foot to five feet 
igh. The hardy annual and biennial kinds 
need only to bo sown in the open ground ; 
the half-hardy ones should be sown on a mihl 
hotbed, where they must remain till strong 
enough to be planted out in the borders. Sy- 
nonymes : 1, C. ceratoph^lla; 2, C, cattcdsica; 
3, C. exalUUa ; 4, C. argyrophplla ; 5, C. Una- 
rifolia ; 6, C, sibirica ; 7, C. svlphiirea ; 8, C, 
leucdntha; 9, C. virgdta ; 10, C. rigiscens ; 11, 
C: Zanndnii; 12, C. variegata. See QalactUes^ 
LeHzea, Rhapdntica^ Scrrdtula, and Plcctoc6- 
phalus, 

ocanthddos . Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 1^ . 1827 

AdAml. . . YeL . 7, H. A. 2 Siberia . 1S04 

legyptlaca . White . 7, P. Her. P. 1 Egypt . 1790 
aiata . . . Tel. . 8, H. Her. P. 1^ Tartary . 1781 
fflba . . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 8pain . . 1507 
alplna . . . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Italy . . 1640 
amAra . . . Purple. 7, H. Her, P. 1\ Italy . . 
grandifldra. Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 2 8witzerL 1819 
pinnatfflda. Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Switserl. 1819 
americ&na 1 . Red . 7, H. A. 1^ N. Amer. 1824 

tfpula ... YoL .7, H. A. 1 N. Africa 1817 

arachnoldeal YeL . 7, H. B. 3 Italy . .1820 

aronkria . . Puri>lo 8, H. Hor. P. li 8. Eur. . 1778 
argdutoa . . Pa. yeL 7, P. Ev. 8. l{ Candia . 1739 
argdta . . YeL . 8, P. Ev. 8. 1^ Canaries. 18'J)> 
ifapcra . . . Purple 8, II. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1772 
ttstracdnica . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Astracan. 1818 
atropurpUrea Purple 7, H. Her. P. 3 Hungary 1802 
atux3a . . . YeL . 8, U. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 175S 
au«trlaca . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 1| Austria . 1815 
axUl&rls . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Austria . 1823 
babyldnica . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 6 Levant . 1710 
Balsibnita . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Syria . . 1R20 
BorrellM . Rirplo 7, H. Her. P. \\ Himgary. 182) 
bouedfcta . YcL . 8, H. A. 2 Bpain . . 1548 

bracto&ta. . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1817 
Calcitr&pa . Pink . 7, H. Her. P. 1 £ng., fields 

**ld^^ } Purple 6. H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1683 

caloodphoia . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Levant . 1810 

Cftloph^lla . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 4 8. Eur. . 1816 

canccllAta . Yol. . 7, H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1824 

oapiUiita . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1810 

centaitrium . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Italy . .1596 

contauroldes YeL . 6, H. Her. P. 3 8. Eur. . 173U 

*^^d5?2^!" }Pa-y«L 7, n. Her. P. \\ Caucasus 1820 

cichorOcea . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1\ Caucasus 1816 

cicutflsfMia . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Podolia . 1820 

Cinerikxia . . Purple 7, P. Her. P. 3 Italy . . 1710 

cin*rea . . Purple 6, H. Her. V. \\ Italy . ,1710 

coarcttta . . YeL . 7, H. A. | N. Africa 1827 

colllna . . YeL . 0, H. Her. P. 3 8. Eur. . 1590 



CEN 



121 



CEN 





. YeL . 


corUlcea . 


.Puiple 


coronopl- 


[YeL . 


Crocodylium Piirplo 


4!ru^ti( 


. Purplo 
. Flea^ . 


Cntpliia . 


cmpinoidoa 


. Copper 


Gi^aoufl . 


.Blue . 


dealbJUta . 


. Purplo 


decfpicns. 


. Purple 


<leclini!kta . 


. Purple 


dectimbens 


. I'urple 


dcpr&aa . 


.Blue . 


deCuta . 


. Dk.r«d 


dUUtft. . 


. Pa. pu. 


duaa^ia, . 


. Purple 


el&ta . . 


. YeL . 


olong&ta . 


. Purple 


cridphora. 


. Yel. . 


<nioph^lla 


. YoL . 


«rox . . 


.YeL . 


FlflcWrli . 


.Blue . 


floaculiVsa 


. Purple 


fflastifdlia 


. YeL . 


glaUca. . 


. Pa.yeL 


s^r^ 


. Roeo . 
. Purple 




. Purple 


iWrica. . 


. Purplo 


inc&na . . 


.Purple 


intyUux» 


. Purple 


jKokrdi . 


. Purple 


Jacobfcae- 
fdlia4 . 


IV.L . 


louctltitba 


.White. 


leucoph^lla 


. Purple 


limb&ta . 


. Purplo 



8, H. Her. 
0, H. Her. 



. Blue . 
Purple 
Pa. pur. 



YeL 



h 



liBgul&ta . 
Iinifblia5. 
Lfppii . . 
macroe6- 

phala . 
xnacuIAta . '. Purp. 
luaculdea . . Purp. . 
Marschall- 1«,,^ 

meUt^QsU .YeL . 
m611i8 . . . Blue . 
montJkaa . . Blue . 
moBch&ta. . Purp. . 
muric&ta . . Purp. . 
xuyactfntha . Purp. . 
napifdlia . . Purp. . 
neglteta 7 . YoL . 
nervdsa . . Purp. . 
nicaa^nsifl . YeL . 
nltens . . . Purp. . 
ochroletica 3. Pa. yoL 
oripntWis. . Yol. . 
om&ta. . . YeL . 
OTlna . . . Puip. . 
palldscenfl . YeL . 
panlculiita . Purp. . 
panrlfl6ra . Vie. . 
poctlnilti . Purp. . 
petegrtna . YeL 
phr^gia . . Purp. . 
amblgua . Purp. . 
polyactfntha . Purp. . 
polymdrpbaO Purp. , 
Pouzfnl . . l*urp. . 
pratdnsis . . Purp. . 
procilmbeiis Purp. . 
pubdsccns , Yel. . 
pulch6rrima. Yel. . 
paichra . . BL vie. 



H. 

H. Her. 
H. 
H. 
H. 

H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Hor. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
8, H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. 

H. Hor. 
H. Her. 
F. Ev. 
H. 

H. Her. 
H. Hor. 
H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. 



pull&ta . 
n&diiLta . 
nmutlna . 
refldxa 
T%I)ena 
rIgldalO . 
rivuUiris . 
roniiina 11 
TUp^tris . 



. Purp. . 

White. 
, Yel. . 
, Yel. . 
.YeL . 

Purp. . 
, Brown. 
. Red . 
, YeL . 



4 Caucasus 1S18 
1^ Hungary 1804 



H. Her. P. 3 Levant . 1739 



1781 
. 1823 
.1820 
. 1823 



H Levant . 1777 

1 . 1810 

3 Italy . . 1596 

2 N. Africa 1818 

3 Brit, cor. fie. 
1^ Caucasus 1804 
2 France . 181rt 
U Caucasus 18!21 
It Franco . 1S15 

1 Caucasus 1818 

4 Naples . 1818 

2 8. £ur. 
li Naples 

4 Maurit 
2 Barbary 

2 Portugal 1714 
8 . 1827 

2 Barbary . 1790 
l\ Russia . 1820 
1 Italy . . 1S18 

4 Siberia . 17.11 
{ Caucasus 1808 

U 

1 SwitserL 1819 
i Spiin. .1812 

2 Iberia . 1818 
l\ Naples . 1822 
Ij 8. Eur. . 1778 

1 Brit, Jersey 

8 . 1818 

2 S. France 1818 

5 Caucasus 1828 
2 Portugal. 1818 
1 Spain. . 1824 
U Spain. .1827 
1 E^ypt . 1793 



H. Her. P. 3 Caucasus 1805 

H. Her. 
H. Her. 



2 Siberia . 1816 
1 Siberia . 1S16 



H. Her. P. IJ Caucasus 1820 



H. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. Hor. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Hor. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 
8, H. Her. 
- H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

O. Ev. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Her. 

H. Hor. 



i Malta. . 1710 

1 Hungary 1818 
H Austria . 1590 

2 Persia . 1629 
Spnin . 1621 
Franco . 1820 
Candia . 1091 
Podolia . 1820 
S. Exur. . 1815 
Nice . .1819 
Caucasus 1823 
Caucasus 1801 
Siberia .1759 
Spain. .1818 
Caucasus 1802 
Egypt . 1816 

n Eimjpo . 1640 
U Barbary . 1.^2.3 

1 France . 1727 

2 a Eur. . 1749 
1} Switzerl. 16S3 
ij SwitzerL 1819 

\ PortugaL 1804 
2 Hptun . 1819 
2 S. France 1824 
2 France . 1S17 

i S. Eur. . 1821 

1 . 1804 
8 Armenia. 1816 

2 India . . 1839 
2 S. Eur. 
1^ Siberia 
2 Caiidia 
1^ Ibciia 

1 Levant 
1 

2 Portugal. 1812 

3 Rome . 1739 
2 Italy . . 180d 



1759 
1804 
1710 
1801 
1739 
1823 



ruth^nica 
sabtiltea . 
saUcifOUa 

sangulnea 
senix>er- 

vlrens . 
Sdridis . 
8es8tfnal2 
siblrica . 
sicuia . . 
solstitialis 
sonchlfdlia 
sdrdida . 
spatulMa 
Bphieroc^ 

phala 
8pmfts.i . 
spinulbsa 

spl&idens . . 

stereopb^lla. Purp. 
Stivonil . .YeL 
Stdjbo. . 
stramlnea 
stricta 
suavedlens 
sulphbrea 
tat&rica . 
tenuifldra 
transalplna . Purp. 
tricboodphala Purp. 
trin^rvia . . Purp. 
ullgindsa . . YeL 
umfldra . 
vorlitum 



. Pa. yoL 8, H. Her. P. 3 Russia . 1800 

. White. 7, H. Hor. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 

Ptup. . 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Caucasus 1823 

7, H. B. 3 8. Eur. . 1596 

7, H. Her. P. 

7, G. Hor. P. 



. Purp. 
. Purp. 

JBody. 

. Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 
. Bluo . 7, H. Hot. P. 
. Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 
. YeL . 7, H. A. 

. Yel. . 7, H. A. 

. Purp. . 8, H. Her. P. 
. Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 
Blue . 7, H. Hor. P. 



1 Spain 
1 Spain 



. 1827 
. 1C86 



. 1686 

. 1816 

. 1780 

1710 



vochintesis , 
zanthlna. 



1 8. Eur. 

1 Siberia 
1^ Sicily . 

2 Eng., fields 
1 Mediter. . 1780 
1 . 1818 
1| Naples . 1825 

I Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1683 

. Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Candia . 1640 

. Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1| Hungary 1826 

Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Spain . . 1507 

7, H. Her. P. ■ - - 

7 H B 

Red y. 6', U. Her. P*. 
YeL . 7, H. A. 

Blue . 7, H. Hor. P. 
YeL . 7, H. A. 

7, H. A. 

7, H. Her. P. 2 

7, H. Her. P. 2 

7, H. Her. P. 1 

7, H. Her. P. 1 

7, H. Hor. P. 2 

7, H. Her. P. 3 
Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 
Yel. . 7. H. A. 2 



. YeL . 
. YcL 
. Purp. , 



[\ 



li Podolia . 1820 

2 Caucasus 1820 

1 Austria . 1759 

i Egypt . 1801 

1 Hungary 1816 

Levant . 1683 

. 1815 

Tartary . 1801 

Siberia . 1820 

SwitcerL 1819 

Siberia . 1805 

Podolia . 1816 

PortugaL 1816 

B. Eur. . 1819 

Levant . 1780 



Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. Z\ Austria . 1817 
Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 2 



Jd£ea, nigra 13, nigrescejiSy Scabidsa, tagdna, 

TriumfiUi, 
Centaur]Slla, MicJix. See Bartdnia. 
CENTAtTRiUM. See ErytiirdM CentaHrium and 

Centauria, 
Centaury. See Centatlrea. 
Centj&lla. See HydrwMyU vilUsa and H, 

CcnUlla. 
Centoth&ca, Desfontainea. From kenteOf to 

prick, and thecat a sheath ; in reference to the 

prickly sheath. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

GraminAcsce. A curious gra&s, of the simplest 

culture. Synonymc : 1, C&ndirus lappaccus. 

lapp&coa 1 . . Apetal . . 7, Grass 1 K Ind. . 1773 

CENTRADfeNiA, G. Don, From keniron^ a snur, 
and adeny a gland, having spur-like glan- 
dular appendages to anthers. Linn, 8, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Melastomdccos. Pretty plants, 
thiiving in sandy peat, and easily propagated 
by cuttings. Synonyme: 1, Danckeldsriadiifersi- 
fdlia, 

rdeoa 1 . . Ro. w. 4. G. Ev. & 1 Mexico . 1843 
divaric&te . White 5, 8. Her. P. 1% C. Amor. 1850 
floribflnda. Pa. red 7. S. Hor. P. H C. Amer. 1867 
grandifblia. Pink . 7. S. Ev. 8. 1 Mexico . I860 
ovita . . Pink . 5, 8. Her. P. 1 S. Amer. 1860 

Central- PLACEKT A, a column in the centre of 
fruits to which the seeds are attached. 

Centranth^RA, Scheidw. From kentron, a 
spur, and anthera, an anther. Linn. 20, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Orchiddcc(E, 
puncUlta . . Gxn. spot. . 5, S. EpL i Braeil 1840 

Centranthus, De CandolU. From kentron, a 
spur, and anthos^ a flower ; the corolla being 
furnished with a spur at the base. Linn. 10, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Valeriandcea. The plants are 
ornamental, growing in any common garden 
soil, from one foot to one and a half high, 



CEN 



122 



CEP 



in the open borders ; and arc increased by 
seeds. 

angru8tif6Iiufl Grim. . 6, H. Hor. P. 1| S. Eur. . 1759 
caldtr&pa . Purple. 6. H. A. 1 PortuffoL 1083 

macroslphon Red . 6, H. A. 1% Grenada . 1849 

rbber . . . Grim. . 6, H. Her. P. 1* Brit, xnea. 
fl6re-lflbo . White . 6, H. Her. P. 1} Brit, gardens 

CentrocArpha, D, Don. From kentroiiy a 
sharp point, and karphe^ chaff; the paleee 
being bristly. Linn, 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. AsU- 
rdcea. An interesting genus of herbaceous 
plants, that thrive well in common soil, and 
are increased by dividing the roots, and by 
seeds. Synonymes : 1, R, trilobdta ; 2, C. 
acutifUiOy Rvdb^kia Niwmani; 8, R. nudi- 
cdnlis; 4, R. hirta; 5, R. moscMta; 6, R, 
trildba. 

ariatAta 1 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1699 
chryaomWa 2 Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 a Amer. 1821 

chryslbitha Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 Gardens 
fOlgida . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1760 
gri^ilis . . YoUow 9, H. Her. P. 1 K. Ajnor. 1825 
grandifl6ra 3 Yellow 9, H. Her. P. 3^ N. Amer. 1830 
hlrta 4 . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1714 
mosch&ta 5 . YeUow 8. H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 
rtUula . . . YeUow H. a 2 N. Amer. 

spathuUta . YeUow 9, F. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1825 

■"^™®°' Wellow 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amor. 1802 
trU6ba'6 .* . YeUow 8, H. B. 4 N. Amer. 1699 

CENTROCiiNiUM, B. Don. Derived from kentron, 
a sharp point, and kline, a bed. Linn. 19, 
Or. 2, ifat Or. AsUrctcece. A genus of onia- 
mental stove plants, succeeding best when 
grown in a light vegetable soil ; increase is by 
seeds. Synonymc: 1, Ondseris salici/blius. 
appr«J.s.sum . Rosy . . 1, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Peru . .1830 
rctt<«xum 1 . Roey . . 8, 8. A. 2 Peru . . 1830 

CENTROLkris. See Desvaitxia. 

C£NTr6nia. See Osbickia peruvidna. 

Centrop6qon, Bentkum. From kentron, a spur, 
and pogon, a beard ; Flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Lobelidcecc, Greenhouse and stove 
plants, with habits and appearances very much 
like Lobelia. They simply reouire a mixture 
of sandy lieath mould and loam, to have 
abundance of water during the season of 
growth, but when at rest to be kept rather 
dry than otherwise. They are increased by 
division of the roots. Synonymes : 1, Lo^ilia 
comtUaf L. spectdhilis, sphcerocdLrpa^ surina- 
m^nsiSf Siphocdmpylus tnacrdnihns, S. spec- 
tdbiliSf S. Surinaminsis. 

cordif6Uus . Rose . 11, 8. Her. P. 2 Guatem. . 1839 
fostudeiis . . Rose . 11, G. Her. P. 2 
Surinani^nsisl Rose . 11, 8. Her. P. 2 Surinam 1786 
tovaridnais . W.cri. 11, 8. Her. P. 2 Veneeuela 

CentroselIna. See Ccntrosoltnia, 

CENTROskMA. See JCennldya. 

Centr6sia. See Caldnthe. 

CENTROSOLkNiA, Bcnth. From kcnlron, a spur, 
and solcn, a tube. Corolla spurred. Linn. 1 4, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesncracccc. The species grow 
in i>eat and leaf mould, and are increased 
like other gesncraceous plants. Synonymt: 
1 , Nautlcalyx hastatus. 

bract^tscens 1 White . 6, S. Her. P. 1 Vencniola 1850 
gldbm . . . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 La Quay. 1845 
pfcta . . . White . 6, 8. Tr. P. 1 Anaronia 1845 

Centrosp^rmum, Sprengel. Fi-oni ketUron, a 
spur, and spenna^ a seed; alluding to the 



sniny points of the pappus. Linn, 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. AsUrdceoR. A pretty annual, that 
requires sowing in the open border, in com- 
mon garden soil, 
chrystfuthum YeUow . 7, H. A. | Spain . . 1823 

CENTROSTJfiMMA, Dec. See Cyrtdceraa, 
CENTtJNCULUS, Linn. The name applied b^ 
the Bomans to a small plant, found in culti- 
vated land. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Primu- 
Utce(z. A curious annual, of easy culture in 
sandy loam, 
mfnimns . . Flesh . 6, H. A. | Brit, moist hea. 

C&PA. See Allium. 

CEPJkA. See Sidum Cep<ka, 

CEFHAfeLls, Stmrtz, From kepluile, a head ; the 
flowers disposed in heads. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. CinchonAccce. An ornamental genus 
of plants, from one to fifteen feet high ; they 
thrive well in a mixture of peat and sandy 
loam, and cuttings strike root freely under a 
glass. Synonymes: 1, C. calycina ; 2, Tapa- 
gdmia purpurea ; 3, T, violdcea ; 4, Calli- 
c6cca Ipeeacudnha. 

mba ... Pa. pk. 4, 8. Ev. 8. Guiana . 1824 

axiU&ris 1 . White . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 4 BrazU . 1816 

e\lkia. , . . Purple. 8. Ev. 8. 15 Jamaica . 1793 

glitbra . . Blue . 4, 8. Ev. S. Trinidad. 1820 

ipecacu^ha4 White . 1, 8. Her. P. } Brasil . 1839 

involucnkta . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 5 Guiana . 1826 

musceMut . . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. W. Ind. . 1824 

peduncuUta. White . 2, 8. Ev. 8. 2 3. Leone, 

punicca . . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1820 

purplu-ea 2 . W.pur. 6, 8. Ev. Tr. 1 Trinidad. 1821 

Sw&rtmi . . Blue . 4, 8. Ev. 8. W. Ind. . 1824 

tomente>8a . Brown 8, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Trinidad. 1826 

vioUkcoa 3 . White . 6, 8. Ev. Tr. 1 W. Ind. . 1818 

CBPHALANTHfeRA, Richard. From kephale, a 
head, and anthem^ an anther. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchiddcece. A genus of very pretty 
plants, succeeding well in peat and loam, and 
increased by dividing the roots. Syiwiiymes : 
1, Epipdctis ensifilia; 2, E. pdllen^ ; 3, E. 
rHiJbra, 

ousifdlia 1 . White . . 6, H. Ter. 1} Brit, moi. wo. 
ptfUens 2 . . White . . 6, H. Ter. 1 Brit, moi. wo. 
rhbra 3 . . Purple . . 6, H. Ter. 1} Brit , moL wo. 

CephalXnthus, Linn, From kephale, a head, 
and anthoSf a flower ; referring to the flowers 
being disposed in globular heads. Lirm. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. CinehondLcecc. An ornamental 
shrub, growing seven feet high ; the soil best 
for it is a mixture of sandy peat and loam ; 
propagation is ea.sT, the ripened cuttings root 
readily under a glass, or by layers. See also 
NaUelea Caddmba and N. stelldta. 
occidentAlis . White . 8, H. Do. 8. 7 N. Amer. 1735 
brachypMus White . 8, H. De. 8. 7 N. Amer. 

CefhaiAria, Dc Candolle. From kephalos, a 
head : flowers collected in heads. lAnn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. Dipscudce^e. See Sucdsa and 
Scabiisa. 

CEFHAlikis. See CephaUis. 

C^PHAiiTC, medicinal to the head. 

CephalIna. See Sarcodphalus. 

Cbphal6phora, Cavanilles. From kepTvale, a 
head, and phoreo, to bear ; the flowers are 
united in little heads. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Astrrdccce, An annual of little beauty, 



CEP 



123 



CER 



and easy culture. Si^ntmymes : 1, Hymcno- 
pdppas glatUmSf Gr^emia aromdtica — ^glauca 1. 

CephalostIoma. See Campdnula. . 

CefhalotAxus, Sub. (£r Zucc. Derived from 
kephaUy a head, and (axtiaf a yew ; the plants 
have the habit of the yew. Linn, 22, Or. 18, 
Nat. Or. Tcuodcecc Handsome coniferous 
shnibe and trees, in some instances growing 
to the height of sixty feet. They are of easy 
culture, merely requiring to be planted in 
common soil, and may be increased by cut- 
tings and seeds. Synonymcs: 1, C. macro- 
phplla, Tdxus ffarringidnia. 
dnipAcoa . . Apetal . 4, H. £▼. 8. 10 Japan . 
Forttmei . . Apetal . 5, H. Er. T. 60 Japan . 1848 
pcdtinculAta 1 Apetal . 5, H. Ev. T. 60 Japan . 1837 
umbracullfera Apetal . 4, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . 

0£FHAl6trichum, Link. From kephale, a head, 
and ihrix, a hair; the heads being covered 
with hairs. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Boiry- 
tdcece. A minute fungus discernible in general 
on decayed or decaying branches — ndnum, 

Cephal6tus, B. irotcn. From kephalotes, 
headed ; its filaments of stamens are capitate. 
Linn. 11, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Cep?ialotdccm. A 
most curious little plant of rather difficult 
management ; it should be potted in chopped 
moss and boggy soil, mixed, the pots well 
drained, and the plants carefully watered. A 
glass should be placed over it at all times, and 
it should bo allowed plenty of light and a tem- 
perature of sixty-five or seventy degrees ; offsets 
treated in the same manner will speedily take 
root. 
foUlculAriB . White . 4, O. Her. P. i N. Holl. 1822 

CerAceous, wax-like. 

CerIdia, Lindley. From keraSy a horn, in 
allusion to the honied appearance of the 
branches. Linn, 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. Aster- 
acea. In the garden of his grace the Duke 
of Devonshire, at Chatsworth, this very singu- 
lar plant was introduced in 1844. *'It has 
the appearance of a shrub of coral, spreading 
its short leather-coated branches upwards like 
a candelabra." In culture it should be favoured 
with a cool stove, and be grown in sandy soil. 
Portions of the rugged branches strike root 
freely. 
furcAta . . Pa. yoL . 1. 8. Ev. 8. li Africa . 1844 

CerImia. See Erica. 

CerAmium, Rochel. Derived from keramion^ a 
pitcher ; from the resemblance of the capsules. 
Linn, 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Ceramidcece. An 
extensive genus of seaweeds— a^«fi«, arbdscula^ 
Borririy corymhdsum, crucidtum, JDavidsii, did- 
phanitm, d. piliaumy fascicitldtumy floridulumy 
ffraclUimum, granuldUumy ffookin\ interrHp- 
tuniy landsuMy lanugindsunty mesocdrpumy pa- 
tens, pedicelldlumy pinnuldtum, jp/ilwia, plu- 
mvZayp. minor y polyspinnum, pttmiluniy r^enSy 
rdscuniy BAthiiy rObruniy seminiidumy spindsumy 
spongioswniy telrago-nuniy Utricuniy thujoideSy 
tripinnhium, TurrUriy versicolory virguldtum. 

CeramiActre, or Bosetanqles, an order of 
sea- weeds of a rose or purple colour ; many 
are valuable for food ; and the Chinese bird's- 
nests are supposed to be a species of Gelidium. 



The Carrageen Moss, and some others, are 
well known for their use in our own country. 
Ceranth^ra, Bcauvois. From keraSy a horn, 
and antheray an anther ; the lobes of the 
anthers being terminated by a bristle. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Violdcea:. An ornamental 
genus of stove plants, growing about six feet 
high ; they must be grown in sandy loam, and 
will increase by cuttings in sand, under a glass 
in heat. 
Bubintegrifl>lla White . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. « Guinea 1824 

CERXNTHUa See Linoeiira. 

CrrAsinous, deep red, cherry-coloured. 

Ceras6phora. See Cirasus. 

CerAstium, Linn. From k'ivaSy a horn ; be- 
cause many of the species have capsules like 
an ox's horn. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Alsi- 
naccoi. A genus of little interest ; they vary 
in height from half a foot to two feet high. 
Some of the herbaceous kinds have a nretty 
appearance on rock-work. Any light loamy 
soil suits them ; seeds or suckers. Synonymc : 
1, C, eolRnum. See Larbrea. 
alplnum . . White . 8, H. Ev. Tr. J Brit.Welahhls. 
Bieberatelnii White . 6. H. Tr. P. \ Caucasua 1820 
chIonBf6Uum White . 0, H. A 2 Natolia . 1838 

glaciilo . . White . 6, H. Ev. Tr. i 8witzerl. 1814 



glomerfttnm. White . 6, H. 



. 1887 



grandifldrum White . 6, H. Her. Tr. I Siberia .1818 
UniLtum . . White . 6, H. Her. Tr. J Alps . . 1819 
laUf61ium . White . 6, H. Her. Tr. Brit.Wclsh his. 
Lcdebohrii . White . 6, H. A. \ Siberia . 

""^J^" lwhite.6,H, A 

pum .1 ' 

""^2^" White.e.H. A. 

multifl6rnm. White . 6, H. A. Cauca<su3 1837 

^"<2S?1*'. }^^t« • 7» H. Ev. Tr. i 1831 

puslUum *. . White . 6, H. A. i Siberi.i . 1824 

ripens . . White • 6, H. Her. P. Europe . 17J0 
Bcaxiad . . White . 7, H. Ev. Tr. \ Naples . 
aylvtfticum . White . 6, H. Her. Tr. J Hungary 1820 

an6malum, arvinse, harhuldsumy hrachypita- 
lum, campanulaiuniy cmudsicUmy dahilriaauy 
dichdtomum, diffHsumy dioicuviy glanduldsumy 
grdciUy hirsiUumy IioiostoldeSj inJlAtumy indn- 
iicuniy matr&nsCy mdximumy ncmordley ovahy 
ovdtum, paudjibrumy pennsylvdnictiniy pen- 
tdndrwoy per/oliatuniy pildsuniy puhiscenSy 
niderdtumy rupistrcy semidecdTtdruitiy serpylli- 
fdliwnty Sprcnglliiy stellarioideSy striciumy s. 
suffnUicdsum, taHriainiy Ten/mdnuniy Utrdn- 
drumy tomcnthsuniy viscdsiimy vulgdUuvi. 
CjSrasus, Jussicu. Reported to have been first 
brought from Cerasus, a town of Pontus, in 
Asia. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Drupdcece. 
A valuable genus of fruit trees, growing well in 
any common soil, and increased with perfect 
ease by seeds, budding, or grafting. Synony- 
mes: 1, C. macroph^lla ; 2, Promts jap6nicay 
P. sinensis; 3, Pr^nus rtibra; 4, P. puUsccns; 
5, C. salidna; 6, PrAnus salidna; 7, P. ser- 
ruldta; 8, PriLntts P&ddum. 
aCrinis . . . White . 6, H. De. 8. 4 Europe . 1837 
Avium . . . White . 4, H. De. T. 60 Enff., wooda 

macrocirpa. White . 4, H. De. T. 50 SwItBcrl. . 

multiplex . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 Garden* . 

pallida . . White . 4, H. De. T. 26 Gardcna . 

sylvdatria . White . 4, H. De. T. 60 Brit, woods 
boreWis . . White . 6, H. Do. T. 20 N. Amer. 1S22 
canadfeds . White . 5, H. De. T. 20 Canada . 1820 



CER 



124 



CER 



capronlhna . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 S. Eur. . 

cordlgora . White . 4, H. Do. T. lO 

gobMtta . White . 4, H. Do. T. 20 

ffridtta . . White . 4, H.Do. T. 20 

mtlltiplex . White . 4, H. De. T. 10 
pall^Hcena . White . 4. H. Do. T. 20 
penicifdlia . White . 4, II. De. T. 20 
polyg^na . White . 4, H. Do. T. 20 
▼arleg&ta . White . 4, H. De. T. 10 
CArolini2Uia . White . 5, H. Ev. T. SO Carolina . 1750 

^ raSuT^! ] ^'^*® • ^' ^- ^- 8- ® Austria . 1597 

chfcosa. '. . White . 4, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 1800 

coratita . . White . 4, H. De. S. 10 Himalaya 1846 

deprdssa . . White . 5, H. Do. 8. 4 8. Eur. . 1805 

dur^ina . . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . 

cordlgera . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

°13r/"" } ^ite . 4. H. De. T. 20 

obtufllita . White . 4, H. Do. T. 20 
Hlxa . . . White . fl, H. De. T. 20 Tenei-iflfe 1824 
hvem&lia . . White . 5, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amor. 1805 
ilicif6Ua . . White . 4, H. Ev. 8. 6 California 1845 
Japdnioa 2 . Pink . 4, H. De. 8. 8 Japan . 1810 

^bo pl^na . White . 4, H. De. S. 8 N. China 1840 

mmtiplex . Pink . 4. H. De. 8. 6 Japan . 1810 
JuliiLna . . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . 

HeaumoAuu. White . 4, H. De. T. 15 

pdndula . . White . 4, H. Do. T. 10 8. Eur. . 1821 
lAuroc^niauB. White . 4, H. Ev. 8. 1'2 Levant . 1029 

anguatifblius White . 5, H. Ev. 8. 10 

variog&tu8 . White . 5, H. Ev. 8. 10 
luiiitlbiica . . White . 5, H. Ev. 8. 20 Portugal. 1(U8 
MahAleb . . White . 4, H. Ev. T. 20 Auatrta . 1714 

frtctu-flivo White . 5, H. De. T. 20 8, Eur. . 

latiftlia . . White . 6, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . 
Marttocha . . White . 4, H. Do. 8. 6 Eumpo . 1837 
nigra . . . White . 5, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1778 
nepal&iBis . White . 5, F. Do. T. 20 Nepal . 1820 
oocidentUiB . White . 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1029 
Padua . . . White . 4, H. De. T. 85 Brit, woods 

bractetea . White . 4, H. Do. T. 35 Europe . 

p*\rvifl6ra . White . 4, H. Do. T. 35 N. Eur. . 

rubra S . . White . 4, H. De. T. 35 Brit, woods 

vulgaris . . White . 4, H. De. T. 80 Britain . 

^Sca^.^'*!" } ^^**« • 5, H. De. T. 30 N. Amer. 1773 
persicifdlia . White . 6, H. Do. 8. 8 N. Amer. 
prostrito . . Pink . 4, H. Do. 8. 1 Crete . . 1802 

clfrasuss} ^^*^ • *' °* ^®- ^' ® ^"* • ^^^^ 

pub6ioens 4 . White . 4, H. De. 8. 12 N. Amor. 1806 

pUmila . . . White . 6. H. De. 8. 2 N. Amer. 1756 

pygm*a5. . White . 6, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 18-»3 

aaUclnus 6 . Bliuh . 4, H. Do. T. 15 China . 18S2 

semperfldrona White . 4, F. De. T. 20 China . 18*22 

sessUiflOra . White . 4, H. De. T. SO 

8er6tina . . White . 6, H. De. T. 30 N. Amer. 1«:9 

retUsa . . White . 0, H. De. T. 30 8. Amer. . 

serrunta 7 . White . 4, F. Do. 8. 6 China . 1822 

aphiOTocJLrpa . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Jonmica . 1820 
BusquohiSnna White . 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1800 

virginilkna . White . 5, H. Do. T. 80 Vizginia . 1724 

CeratIndra, Link ds Otto. From keras, a 
horn, and aner andros, a man ; fomi of united 
stamens. Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchi- 
ddcecB. Sec Corpcium. 

OERATioLA, Michavx, From keration, a little 
horn ; in allusion to the stigma having the 
appearance of a horn. Linn. 21, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. E7npetriteecB. Tliis is a very pretty green- 
house undcr-shrub, that should be grown in a 
sandy peat, and may be increased by cuttings 
potted in saud, under a glass, 
ericoldea . Brown . . 0, F. Ev. S. 1} N. Amer. 1826 

CerAtiuu, Albertini. From keraiion, a little 
horn ; because the plants resemble small horus. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botrylhcea. These 
are minute plants, generally found growing on 



dead wood in the form of little horns — 
hydnoides. 

C£RAt6bm;m. See Dcndrhbium. 

CeratocArpus, Linn. From keras, a horn, 
and hirpoSf fruit ; in reference to the calyx 
being two-homed. Linn. 21, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
ChenopodiAcece. An uninteresting annual, only 
requiring to be sown in the open border — 
arendrius. 

Ceratoc^phalus, McmcJi. From heras^ a horn, 
and kephale, a head ; on account of the end of 
the seeds in the heads of the capsules being 
horned. Linn. 6, Or. 6, Nat Or. Ranunai- 
Iclcew. A somewhat curious genus of plants, 
only requiring to be sown in the open border, 
and treated as other hardy annuals. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Ranunculus falcdius. 
falclttus . . YeUow . . 6, H. A. 1 a Eur. . 1730 
orthdcoraa 1 Yellow . . 5, U. A. A Caucasus. 1816 

CeratochIlus, Lodd. From keras, a horn, and 
cheiloSf a lip ; form of the labellum. A genus 
of orchids, divided from StanTidpeaj and re- 
quiring similar treatment. Synonyme: 1, 
Stanhbpea imdgnis. See StanMpea. 
giundiflbrus . Purple . . 7, 8. Epi. 1 Trinidad 1821 
inslgnisl . . Piu^le . . 7, 8. Epi, 1 Trinidad 182« 
oculiLtus . . Yel. spot . 0, 8. EpL , 1 Xalapa . 1829 

C£RAt5chloa, Decandelle. From keras^ a horn, 
and chloay grass ; in reference to the seeds 
having three little horns. Linn. 8, Or. 2. 
Nat. Or. Gramind£eai. An uninteresting 
grass, requiring only to be sown in common 
soil. Synonyme: 1, Festiica uniololdes — unio- 
loides 1. 

CeratodXcttlus, Smith. From keras^ a horn, 
and dactyloSy a finger ; division of fronds. 
Linn^ 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodidicece. A 
genus of tropical Ferns, re(|uiiing the same 
treatment as the stove species of Arpldiimi. 
Synonyme: 1, A/losdrus Karivinksii. 
osmundioides 1 Br^. yoL 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 

Cerat6xia, Linn. From keratimif a horn or 
pod ; in allusion to the shape of the pods. 
Linn. 23, Or. 2, Nat. Or. PabAeecB. Scarcely 
worth cultivating, except for botanical collec- 
tions ; it grows to tlie height of fifteen feet, in 
a mixture of loam and peat ; cuttings in sand 
will strike under a glass, 
sfliqua . . Bed yeL . 9, G. Ev. T. 15 Leyant . 1570 

CERATOp:fiTALUM, Sinith. Derived from keras, 
a horn, and petcUon, a petal ; in reference to 
the form of the petals. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. CuTumidcece. A fine greenhouse plant, 
growini^ best in a sandy loam, and increased 
by cuttmgs in sand under a glass, 
gummfferum Pink . • 6, G. Ev. T. 50 N. Holl. 1820 

CeratophtliJLce^ or Hornworts. Small 
herbs found in the ditches of temperate 
climates. 

CeratophVllum, Linn. From keras, a horn, 
and phylUmy a leaf; the petals are cut so as 
to appear like a stag's horn. Linn. 21, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. CtratophyUdeece. Uninteresting water 
plants, thriving in any pond, and easily raised 
oy seeds— (fc7»^r«fm, 8uhm4r»um. 

CERATOPHifiiLUS, leaves like the upper part of a 
stages horn. 



CER 



125 



CER 



C£RAt6fteri8, Brongn, From keraSj a horn, 
and pieriSf a feru ; horn-like fonu of divisions 
of fronds. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypo- 
didcecB. See Ellobocdrpus olerdjceus. 

CebatosXnthes, Jitssieu, From keras, a horn, 
and anlhoSf a flower; referring to the inner 
segments. Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat Or. Cu- 
eurbiidcece. A climbing plan^ of no beauty, 
>irrowing in any common soil ; increased by di- 
viding the roots. Synonymes: 1, Trichosdn- 
ihes ttUferdsa, eomtct/Mto— tuberosa 1. 

Ceratosf^RMUM, Persoon, From keras, a horn, 
and spermia/it a seed ; form of seeds. Linn. 
21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Chenopodiaeeop, See 
DidHs. 

CERATOSTkif A, Ju8s. Ffom keraSf a horn, and 
sUmOf a stamen. The anthers are spurred. 
Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Vaccinidcece. This 
is a genus of very pretty shrubs, requiring to 
be grown in sandy loam and])eat, and may bo 
reamly increased by cuttings planted in sand, 
under a glass. Synonyme: 1, C. grandifldra, 
grandiildra . Red orango 5, G. Ev. S. 4 Peru . 1846 
loDgifldral . Crimson . 6, G. Ev. 8. S Peni . 1846 
hlrtbta. . . Scarlet . . 5, G. Er. S. 4 Peru . 1846 

CERATOSTfoMA, Bungt. Sec Valorddia plum- 
bagimAdes. 

Cl^RBERA, Linn. Named from its poisonous 
qualities, in oUusion to the dog Cerbenus, 
whose bite was poisonous. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. ApocyndcecB. An ornamental genus 
of stove plants, succeeding well in a rich 
mould, and cuttings in sand root freely under 
a glass, in heat. The fruit of C. AhoiUii is a 
deadly poison. The Indians put small stones 
into the empty nuts, with which they orna- 
ment their legs ; and the bark of C. Oddllam 
is purgative. Sec Tanghinia^ DisaoUnck, Och- 
rhsia. Synonymes: 1, 0. Mdnghas ; 2, C. 
Mdnghas; 8, Tanghinia vtMnlfiuaj Ordeal 
tree of Madagascar, 

Ahdtad. . . Yellow . 6, S. Sv. T. 20 BraiU. . 1739 
ftnitic6ea . . Red . . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Pegu . . 1819 
macuIiU . . White . 6, a Ev. T. 4 Bourbon . 1782 
ov&ta . . . Tellow . 6, S. Ev. 8. 3 N. 8pain. 
ThevfctU . . YeUow . 6, 8. Ev. T. 12 8. Amer. 1735 
thevetioldcs . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 N. Swiln. 1800 
Tdnghin 3 . Pink . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Zannbor. 1826 
OdiOlam 1 . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 20 K lod. . 17fi6 
lact&ria 2 . . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Moluccas. 1800 
laurifdlia . . White . 6. 8. Ev. B. 3 India . .1818 

CjSrcis, Linn. From kerkis, a shuttlecock ; a 
name given to this tree by Theophrastus. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabdcea^ This is 
a beautiful genus of ornamental trees, flower- 
ing early in spring, and looking very pretty 
planted singly on a lawn, or trained to a wall 
or trellis ; they grow to the height of twenty' 
feet, and prefer an open loamy soil : plenti- 
fully increased from seeds, 
canaddnsis . Pa. rod 5, H. De. T. 18 N. Amer. . 1730 

pubdscens . Pa. red 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 
Jap6nica . . Red . b, H. De. 8. 10 Japan . . 
siliqiitfstrum Red . 6, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . . 1596 

fl6re«llbo .White. 5. H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . . 

porviflbrum Purple 6, H. De. T. 20 Bucharia . 1827 

rdseum . . Pa. rod 6, H. De. T. 20 Hybrid, garda. 

CbroocArpus, De Candolle, From kcikos, a 
shuttlecock, and karpoSj a fruit ; shape of 
fi-uit. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rosdccce. A 



genus deserving of cultivation. They grow 
freely in a mixture of loam, peat, and sand, 
and may be propagated by cuttings planted in 
sand, under a glass, in a gentle heat. 
Fothergillo)dea Purple 5, G. Ev. 8. Mexico . 1823 

Cerc6dea, Lam. See Halordgis. 

C£Rc6dia, De Candolle. From kerkos, a tail, 
and eidos^ like ; shape of petals. Linn. 8, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Ualoragdcea^ See Halordgis. 

CerdIna. See Cdrdia. 

Ceref6liuh. See Anthriscus cerefblium, 

CERksiA, Penoon. From the goddess Ceres, the 
inventor of tillage. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
GraminAeem. This is a very pretty grass, that 
requires to be grown in a greenhouse, and suc- 
ceeds in any common soil ; increased by seeds. 
Synonyme: 1, Pdspalum inenibranhccum. 
Regans 1 . . Apetal . 7, G. Her. P. 2 Peru . . 181d 

Cereus, De Candolle. From cereus, signifying 
pliant, like wax ; referring to the shoots of 
some of the species being easily bent. Linn. 

12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Caddeece. A most beau- 
tiful genus, belonging to Cactdceae ; some of 
the species produce the most splendid flowers 
that are grown in our stoves ; they succeed 
well in a sandy loam, the pots being well 
drained ; in winter they require little or no 
water, but as soon as the flower- buds appear, 
they should have a good supply ; increased by 
cuttings, which should be laid to dry a few 
days before being planted. See Echinocdc6us, 
OpCniia^ £chin6psis, EpiphSllum^ Lepismium, 
Rhipsdlis. Synonymes: 1, Cdcius abnbrmis; 
2, C. j^thiops; 3, Cdctus ebitmeus ; 4, Cddua 
squamdtus; 5, Cdctus gibbdsus; 6, Cdctus 
Hpstrix; 7, Cdctus mdltiplexy Echinocdctus 
mHUiplex; 8, Cdctus Napolednis^ Circus tri- 
anguldris mdjor; 9, Cdctus rediUtus ; 10, 
Cdctus ovdtus; 11, Cdctus Pitajdya, C. undu- 
IbsuSf C.raridbHis; 12, Cdcius polymdrphus : 

13, Cdctus speciosissimus ; 14, Epiph^llum 
spUndiduni, E. HUcheni. 

abn6rmi8 1 . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 8. Amer. . 1818 



afflnis 


.White 


6, 8. Ev. 8. 


2 






albiaetdmifl 


White 


. 6, 8. CI. 8. 


2 


St Domin. 1816 


albiaplnuB 


White 


6, 8. Ev. 8 


2 


8t. Domin 


1816 


amblygdnus 




8. Ev. 8. 




B. Ayrea 


.1836 


arcuitua . 


White 


6. a Ev. 8. 


3 




. las,-) 


alireuB . 


Yel . 


6, 8. Ev. 8. 


2 


8. Amer. 


. 1825 


boxhriua. 




. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 




Mexico 


. 1838 


h\rrons . 




6, 8. Ev. 8. 


H 




.1818 


Bonariduais 


• 


. 8. Ev. 8. 




B. Ayros 


.1830 


csteius . 


Grey 
White 


. 6. 8. Ev. 8. 






. 1836 


ctfndicann 


. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 








ChUotfnais . 




. 8. Ev. 8. 




Chilo . 


.1825 


Chlloenso- ) 
Idea. .]■ 
ooccfncua 




. 8. Ev. 8. 




ChUo . 




8car. 


. 9, 8. CI. 8. 


1 


BrazU . 




coBrul^scen82 Blue 


. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 


3 


Brazil . 


;i829 


ColvIlU . 


Rose 


. 7. 8. Ev, 8. 


2 


Hybrid . 




coetaitua . 




. 8. Ev. 8. 




Pom . . 


'. 1690 


cronuliktua 


. Rose 


. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 


3 


W. Ind. 


. 1822 


criap&tua. 


.Rose 


6, 8. Ev. 8. 


2 


Brazil . 


. 1829 


cineribcens 


. YeL 


6, 8. Ev. 8. 


2 


Mexico . 


.1830 


D^ppel . . 




8. Ev. 8. 


iPeni. . 


. 1799 


dlvaric&tua . 


TeL 


6. 8. Ev. 8. 


2 


Mexico . 


. 1826 


ebOmeua 3 . 




8. Ev. 8. 


8 


8. Amar. 


. 1818 


ext^n8UB4 . 


Red 


. 7, 8. Ev. S. 








Red 


. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 


2 




.1835 


White 


. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 


8 


8. Amer. 




Rod 


. 8, 8. a. 8. 


6 


Trinidad 




Wrox . . . 


White 


8, S. Ev. 8. 


1 


Brazil . 


'. 1827 


flmbriatua 


White 


7, S. Ev. 8. 


18 


St Domin 


1S3J 



CER 



126 



CER 



flagoIlifdrmisPink . 
flagrifbrmia . 
flavisplnus . Yellow 
formosus . White . 



5, S. a. K. 

S. Ev. a. 

8, 8. Ev. S. 

8, 8. Ev. 8. 



1 Poni 



.1600 
, 1834 



'""ntSi" .}YeUow7,8.Ev.8. 
.8. Ev. 8. 
. r, 8. Ev. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 

aEv.8. 
. 6, 8. CL 8. 
. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 
. 7. 8. Ev. 8. 
. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 
. 7, 8. Bv. 8. 



gemm&tua . 
gibbteus 5 . White . 
gUiucdscens . 
glaticufl . . 
gmcfllor . . 
gntcUis . . 
grandifl6rufl Wht y. ( 

Hayn&rdi . Bed 
grtfndia . . ' 
grlseua . . Grey . ' 
Uaw6rthil . Rose . ' 
heptag6nujB . White . ' 



8 W. Ind. 

8. Amer. . 1834 

3 a Amor. . 1700 



.1835 
.1808 
. 1836 
, 1835 
. 1835 



D. Ayres 
Bnoil . 



heteractfn- ) 

thu». .f 
hcxag5nus . White . 
horisont&lis . 
hlimilii) . . 
Hj^strixfi .White, 
imbric&tus . 
incrustiituB . 
Jamaclkru . White . 
lietevlrena . 
Lanceimuii . 8carlet 
lauugin^siis White . 
Utifrons . . White . 
Lec&nus . . Red 
Lemairii . . YeL r. 
leptac<a- ) 

thiia . j" 
lopt6phi8 . Red 
louc&ithua . W.pur. 
longif&Iiiia . 
MjuMl6iialdi. YeUow 
MaUlMl^Dl . Red . 
mouocldnos. Ro. w. 
znacrac^- 

thus 
To&gnuB . '. White . 
Morti&nus . Purple 
mDiutr6flU8 . Red w. 

xnfiltiplex 7 . 8carlet 
luNTiactfn- ) 
"thufl . J 
myriocatdon 
myrio- 



Red 



8. Bv. 8. 

8, 8. Ev. 8. 

G. Ev. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 
6, 8. Bv. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 

8. Bv. 8. 
8, 8. Bv. 8. 

aBv.8. 

8.EV.S. 

8. 8. Bv. 8. 

9, G. Bv. 8. 
6, 8. Ev. 8. 

6, a Ev. a 

aEv.a 

7, 8. Ev. 8. 

8, 8. Bv. 8. 
8. Bv. 8. 

6, 8. Ev. 8. 
6, 8. Ev. Tr. 
6, 8. Ev. a 

6, a Ev. 8. 

6, a Ev. a 

6, a Ev. a 
6, a Ev. a 

6, a Ev. a 

6, a Ev. a 

a Ev a 

a Ev. 8. 



1 a Amer. 




3 Jamaica 


. 1700 


3 Hybrid 


. 1887 


3 Brazil . 




3 8. Amer. 


. 1809 


4 CaribbeoB 


. 1811 


3 W. Ind. 


. 1728 


B. Ayroa 


.1836 


25 Surixiam 


.1600 


ChUl. . 


. 1828 


\ a Amer. 


.1827 


i a Amer. 


.1808 


3 


. 1820 




.1826 


2 Brazil . 


.1835 




.1836 




.1830 


1 W. Ind. 


.1690 


2 a Amer. 


1834 


^ Mexico . 


.1845 


Antigua 






.1826 


i Mexico . 


. 1835 


1 


. 1830 


Mexico. 


.1888 


2 Honduras 


.1851 


6 Hybrid. 




20 Caribbeos 




li a Amer. 


.1830 


10 8t. Domin. 


1820 


3 BrazU . 


.1835 


2 a Amer. 


.1816 



phfllus 
Napoledniii 8 Grn. w. 
nlger . . . Bed 
uigroflplnus 
n<ybilis0 . . Phik . 
nyctidOIifl . 
obthsus . . 
ochrolebeus Ochro . 
01f6:»ii . . 
ov&tuslO . Rose . 
XMUiicul&tus . W.red. 
I)cllticidus . 
pcntag6nus . White . 
pentfiophus YeL . 

""SSk"«} ^ ■ 

peruvi^ua . Rod 
Pltiyiya 11 . White . 
polyg5nu8 . White . 
polymer- ) 
phufl US 
pnsmiitictiB 
propiuquus . 
pterogbnus . White . 

ruiicana . . 

ztundauB . . 

regUlB . . White . 

roptfndus . White . 

Titans . . 

ros4oeus . . Rose . 

Royfenl . .White. 



Brown 8 Bv. 8. 



7, a Ev. S. 

G, 8. Ev. 8. 

8. Ev. 8. 

7, S. Ev. a 
a Ev. 8. 
8. Ev. a 

a Bv. a 
a Ev. a 

6. a bt. a 

8, a Ev. a 

8. Bv. 8. 

7, 8. Ev. a 

6, a Ev. 8. 

7, 8. Ev. a 

8, 8. Ev. 8. 
6, 8. Bv. 8. 

a Ev. a 

aEv.a 

aci. a 

a Ev. a 

0, a bt. a 

6, a a a 
aa a 

8. Bv. 8 

8, a Ev. a 

8, 8. Ev. a 

a Ev. 8. 

8, 8. Bv. a 

7, 8 Ev. 8. 



I a Amer. . 1815 

\ St. Domin. 1820 

Chile . . 1815 

.1835 

.1815 

6 . 1826 

3 8 Amer. . 1820 

B. AyreB . 1836 

3 W. Ind. . 1811 

. 1834 

5 . 1820 
.1835 

BrazU . . 1836 
8 Chile . . 1827 
1 St. Domin. 1827 

St. Domin. 1826 
3 8 Amer. . 1760 
1 Mexico 

1 Mexico . . 

3 Peru . .1728 

6 Carthagena 1836 
10 Chile . .1827 

2 Chile . . 1827 

2 . . 1820 

3 . . 1826 

2 Carthagena 1862 

3 8. Amer. . 1825 

3 B. AyroB . 1836 
.1836 

10 S. Amer. . 

10 W. Ind. . 1728 

1 . 1813 

1 . 1826 

3 a Amer. . 1728 



ramultouii . 
rh6mbeu8 . 
BpecioafaBi.) ^j^j 
mua 18 . 1 ^***"* 
LaterltiuB . Red . 
8plfodiduBl4 Scarlet 
Schrtfnkii . 

lentinuB W.pur. 



1831 
1881 
1835 



Betlger . . 
Betteus . . 
Smithii . . 
spinib^btB . 
B^ctus . . Red 
strigteuB 

BubreptfnduB White . 
sup^rbus. . Rod . 
tenu&tuB. . Rase . 
tenulsBimua 
tephradtn- ) 
thus . } 
tetrag^nuB . White . 
tortuoeuB 

trianguliiria. White . 
trig6nus . . White . 
trfqueter 

trfpteria . . . 

tunic&tua . 
TwoedlM . Orange 
und&tuB . . White . 
uudiil&tuB . White . 

VtflidUB . . 

varUbiliB . 



8. Bv. 8 . 1S35 

a Bv. a . 1830 

7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Amer. . 1836 

8. a Ev. a 
0. a Ev. 8. 

a Bv. a 

8, a Ev. 8. 
8. Bv. a 
8 Ev. a 
a Ev. 8. 

a Bv. a 

a Ev. 8. 

7, a Ev. 8. 
a Ev. B. 

8, 8 Ev. 8. 

7, a Ev. a 

7, 8 Bv. a 
8. Bv. a 

a Ev. a 

7, a Ev. s. 
8. Ev. a 

8, 8. Bv. a 
7, 8. CL a 

a Bv. a 

a Ev. 8. 

a Ev. a 

0, 8. Ev. 8. 
7, 8. Bv. 8. 

8,acL a 

a Ev. 8. 

s. Ev. a. 



6 Eng. Hyb. 
1 Mexico. . 

4 Peru . 
1 Brazil . 
1 Brazil . 

BrazU .' 
3 S. Amer. 

5 W. Ind.* 
1| Mexico . 

1 



GhUe . 

8 8. Amer. 
B. Ayres 
2 W. Ind. 
1 8. Amer. 
5 8. Amer. 



.1828 
.1835 
.1835 
. 1828 
.1822 
. 1815 
. 1817 
.1850 
.1836 
. 1885 

.1825 

. 1810 
. 1816 
.1600 
. 1800 
, 1704 



iBx«zU . .1632 

2 B. Ayrca . 1845 

3 China . .1820 

1 W. Ind. . 

2 8. Amer. . 1826 

.1836 



Cereubbs. Sec Clreus, 

CERhrrHEi Linn. From keros^ wax, and anihos, 
a flower ; in reference to the attraction for 
bees in the flowers. Linn, 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
BoroffindeeoB. The species of this genus are 
all ornamental annnaX or biennial plants, re- 
quiring only to be sown in common soil, 
dspera . . YeL pur. 7, H. A. 2 8. France. 1633 
moculAta . YeL red 7, H. B. 2 8. Franco. 1804 
miijor . . Yellow 7, H. A. 3 8. France. 1506 
minor . . YeL pur. 7, H. A. 1 Aubtria . 1570 

rotdrta . . YeL gm. 7, H. Tw. A. 2 Levant . 1825 

CERiOKJbrrnua See CepTialdria. 

CERfscus. See Siyloc6ryne. 

Cernuous, nodding, drooping, pendulous. 

CEROPisoiA, Linn. From keros, wax, and pcffe, 
a foimtain ; literally a fountain of wax. Linn. 
5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asclepi(xddee(c. A curious 
^enus of stove plants, that require to be grown 
in a sandy loam, and increased by cuttings 

Eottod in sand, and placed in a little hent. 
ee Microldma. 

6, S. Tu. P. 2 CoromazL 1820 
6, a Ev. Tw. 6 E. Ind. . 1823 
6, G. Ev. Tw. 2 N. HoU. 

6, G. Ev. Tw. 3 N. HolL 
Yol. gm.5, a Tu. P. 2 Caffroria 
Red gm. 6, S. Tu. P. 2 E. Ind. 
~ ■ 8, 8. Ev. Tw. 4 Java . 

7, G. Ev. 8. 1 E. Ind. 



acuminata . 
aftidkna. 
apb^Ua . 
auatridis 
Bowk^rl 
biUbftsa. 
Cumingl&naBr. yol. 
dioh6toma . White 



. Purple 
. YeUow 
. Wbite 
.White 



1817 
1820 
1862 
1821 
1846 
1804 
1628 



Lt 



flegans . . Purple 8, 8. De. Tw. 5 E. Ind. 

GardnM . Wht. br. 6, a Ev. Tw. 4 E. Ind. 

iflncea . . YeUow 8, 8. Ev. 8. IE Ind. . 1622 

iCahVL . . Gr. pur. 0, 8. De. Tw. 4 Bombay . 1833 

ocumta . . Spotted P. 8. Ev. Tw. 6 Bombay . 1842 

ainuita . . Pa. red 7, G. Ev. Tw. 3 C. G. H. . 1818 

■*^^ I Purple 7,G.Bv. Tr. 8 C. Q. H. .1826 

Thwaltesii . Gr. br. 0, 8. Ev. Tw. 4 Ceylon . 1857 

tuberdsa . Redgm. 5, 8. Tu. P. 8 R Ind. . 1821 

torulftfla .YeUow 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 2 C. G. H. .1820 

vincsBfbUa . Pur. w. 0, 8 Ev. Tw. 10 E Ind. . 1837 

WlghtU . . Gr. pur. 8, 8 De Tw. 5 E. Ind. . 1832 

CEROFTdFTBRiB. See EUobocArpiis. 
Cer6xtlon, or Wax Palm. Sec IriMia. 
CIRRUS. Sec Qu&rnis aiistriaea. 



CEE 



127 



CH^ 



C^RRis, ancient name for the bitter oak. (Q^6r• 
eus Orris.) 

CervAria. See Athamdnia Ccrvdrifi, and Peti- 
Udanum Cirvfiria. 

OervicIria. See Campdnula. 

CERViciNA. See WaMmbirgia. 

Cervinous, tawny, deer-coloured. 

OestrAgbje. See SoluTiAcece. 

Cesti^nus, Cassini. After Cestrinus tho son of 
Helenus and Andromache. Idnn. 19. Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AsUrbceca. An ornamental herba- 
ceous plant, growing well in common soil, 
and is increased freely by dividing the roots. 
Sywmymcs: 1, Serrdtula acatUis, C-Qiuira 
ticaitlis. 
carthamoldes 1 . Puxple 7, H. Hor. P. 1 Barbaxy 1707 

C^STRUM, Linn, The Greek name for beiony, 
but it has no relation to the plant which now 
bears that name. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
SolaniUcce. This is a genus of little beauty, 
and of easy culture ; aU the species grow well 
in a mixture of peat and loam, and are in- 
creased by cuttings ; the fruit of all the species 
is poisonous. See Babrothdmnus. Synon- 
yme$ .* 1, Habrothdmnns auranllacus; 2. caly- 
cinum. 

acnmiB&taxn . Gab. yoL . 9, O. Ev. 8. 6 Mexico. 1824 

olatemoldes . Pale yeL . S, 8. Er. a S Tmdad. 1824 

angustifbUuin. White. . 6, 8. £v.S. W. Ind. 1820 

aurantlacam . Onmge . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 GuatmL 1842 

auriculAtum .Green. . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 10 Peru .1774 

bracto&tum .Green. . 4,8. Ev.8. 8 Brazil .1818 

caulifl6rum .White. . 5, G. Et.8. 8 .1821 

citrlfdUum. .Yellow . 6, G. Ey.8. 6 .1821 

confiSrtum . . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Peru . 1820 

diiimum . .White. . 11, 8. Ev. 8. 8 W. Ind. 1732 

e.xstipulitum . Green. . 6, a Ev. 8. 8 S.Amer. 1824 

foeti(U8simum. White . . 6, 8. Ev. & 10 E. Ind. . 

fasUgl&tum .White. .11,8. Ev.a 4 W. Ind. 

hinbtum . . Pale yeL . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 . 1822 

hlrtum. . .White. . 6, 8. Ev. 8. « W. Ind. 1800 

latifbUum . . White . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Tmdod. 1818 

UurifdUum . White . . 6, a Ev. 8. 6 W. Ind. 1691 

lycioldes . . White. . 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 C. G. H. 1826 

macroph^llum White . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 W. Ind, 1812 

mxiltifldrum .Green. . 5, 8. Ev.S. 3 8.Amer. 1825 

noct<imum . White. . 11, a Ev. 8. 7 E. Ind. . 1782 

^^^!?"'" \ White. . 11, 8. Ev. 8. E. Ind. . 
mum ) ' 

odontoapfr- I white. . 7, a Ev.a OW. Ind. 1793 

mum . . } ' 

panicultitum . Gm. yeL . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 CnraccaslSlO 

P&roui . . . Pale yel. . 6, G. Ev. a 6 Chile . 1787 

penaullnum . Gm. wht. 6, 8. Ev. a 6 Garaccasl824 

Reg^lii 1 . . Bed yeL . 6, 8. Ev. a C.Amer. 

nallcifblium . Gm. wht 5, 8. Ev. a 5 Coraccas 

suberteum. .Sulphur. 6, 8. Ev. S. 6 .1815 

thyrsoldeum . Palo yeL . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1820 

tinctdrium. .White. . 5, a Ev.a 4GaraccaBl823 

tomcnt^Bum .Yellow . 6, a Ev.a 6 8. Amor. 1790 

undulAtum . YeUow . 5, Q. Ev. T. 12 Peru . 1826 

venen4tum . White . . 8, Q Ev. a 7 C. G. H. 1787 

vcspertluum . Green . . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. 1759 
vlridifl6nun2. Groeniah. 10, 8. Ev. a 2 BrazU . 1843 

Warcsewlczii .Green. . 9, G. Ev. 8. 4 C.Amer. 1851 

C^TERACH, WiUd, Called chetherak by the 
Persians. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Poly- 
podidbeeoB. Plants of easy culture, found wild 
on limestone and chalk rocks, in Britain. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, Asplhiium CSteracJi, GrammUis 
CSteraeh. 
officiniirum . Brown 5, H. Her. P. } Britain, ch. rocks. 

OetrAria, Acharius. From cetrUy a buckler; 
in reference to the receptacle being buckler- 
shaped. Linn. 24, Or. 8, Nat Or. Parme- 



lidcece. Is a genus of lichens; some of the 
species are used for food in Iceland and Lap- 
land. C. isldndica and nivdliSf are used as 
tonic, demulcent, and nutrient — glaUca, g. 
fdUlaXf isldndica, Juniperina, j. Pindstri, ni- 
vttlis, seplncola. 

Oeuth68PORA, Fries. From Jceutho^ to hide, 
and spora, a sporule ; in allusion to the spo- 
rules being hidden. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Uredinacece. A genus of very minute fungi, 
found on decaying holly, laurel, and other 
leaves — Lattri, yhaciduHdes^ phadcomes, 

Ceylonebe COW PLANT. See Gy^nnhna lac- 
a/era. 

Chabr^a, Ds CandolU, Named in compliment 
to Dominicus Chabrey, of Geneva, author of a 
work entitled, '* Omnium Stripium Sciogra- 
phia," 1666. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat Or. Ask- 
rdtcece. This plant thrives in any good soil, 
and is i*eadily mcreased by seeds. Synony^nes .- 
1, Leuehlria runcindta, Pcrdiduvi rhscum, La- 
siorhbM rdsca. 
runcinAta 1 . White . 6, H. nor. P. 1} Chili . 1844 

ChadAra. See Grhvda, 

CHjEnAnthe, Lindley. Not explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orehiddcecc. Tliis is do- 
scribed as a most singular plant, but no figure 
of it has yet appeared. It will most probably 
be found to succeed best when treated as is re* 
commended for the genus Vdnda, 
Birkerf . . 8. EpL Para . . 1837 

Ch£NANThI:ra. See CharidnUiiis. 

CH^NiSTHES, Miers. From chaino, to gape 
— cloven form of the calyx. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Solandccce. Beautiful half-hardy 
shrubs, with showy flowers, increased readily 
from cuttings. JSynonyme : 1, Lyeium fuch- 
siotdes. 

fuchsioldes 1 . Scarlet 7, F. Ev. 8. 6 Azoques . 1813 
lanceol&ta . . Blue . 6. U. Ev. 8. 5 Quindiu . 1S46 

CH^NOMkLES. See Cyddnia, 

Ch.£n68TOMA, BeiUham, From chaino^ to gape, 
and stomOy a mouth, referring to the wide 
throat of the corolla. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Serophulari&eecs. Pretty dwarf half-hardy 

Slants, suitable for decorating the flower-gar- 
en, &c., in snmmer. Tliey flourish under 
the treatment ordinarily bestowed upon plants 
of their class. Synonynies: 1, Manldea cor- 
ddla; 2, M, f^ida; 8, ManiUea Iitspida, M. 
oppositt/dlia ; 4, M, linifllia, C. fasdculata ; 
5^ M, villbsa, 

cordAta 1 . . White . 6, G. Hor. P. 1 C. O. H. . 1816 
fastigi&ta . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 
fdbtida 2 . . White . 6, G. A. 1 C. G. H. . 1794 

hiaplda 8 . . White . 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
linifblift 4 . . White . 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 
polytfntha. . Lil. yeL 6, G. Her. P. 1 8. Africa. 1844 
viUbaa 5 . . White . 6, G. A. 1 C. G. H. . 17S3 

CiLflEROPHtfLLUM, ffoffmansegg. From c/iairOf 
to rejoice, and phyllm^ a leaf ; alluding to the 
smell of the leaves. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apidcete. An uninteresting genus of plants, 
varying in height from one to three feet ; the 
annual and biennial species are beat sown in 
the open ground in common soil. Synonymes : 
1, Mprrhis buXbdaa; 2, O. anguUUum ; 3, 
Sedndix Cerefdlium; 4, Sison canadhise; 6, 



cn^ 



128 



CHA 



M^rrhia Claythnia. Sec Anthriscus^ Conopd- 

dium. 

arom^ticum . White . 7, H. Hor. P. 2 Gomumy 1726 

tcnuifdUum . White . 5,H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1818 

angeUccefdliumf aUreum, BithersUlnii, bultdsum 
1, canacUnse 4, eapcnse^ cicutarium, Clayidnia 
5j colordium^ divaricalum, hirsHUunif htkniiU, 
hpbridunif inaculdtum, rrumoghnum 2, nUidum^ 
PrcscdUii, procdmbens, rdseum, sylvisirc, aaXi- 
vum 8, t^miUum^ torqudtum. 

Ch^etachlAna, D. Don, From chaite, a bristle, 
and chlaiTia^ a corering ; tho points of the in- 
volucre being covered. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. AsUrdcecc. This is an ornamental, gi*een- 
liottsc, herbaceous plant, succeeding best in 
sandy loam ; increase is by seeds. 
cdoriLta . .Rod . 8, G. Her. P. 1 ChOe . . 1830 

CnJETANTHfeRA, Buiz et Pavon, From cJufUe^ a 
bristle, and anthera, an anther; because the 
anther is furnished with a hairy tuft. Linn. 
19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Atterdcecs. This is a pretty 
genus of herbaceous plants, which thrive best 
when sown in a mixture of peat and loam, in- 
creased by dividing at tho root^. Si/nonyine : 
1, Pcrdhdum ehilinse, C seiraia, Prosilia 
serrdia. 

chiUnBiB 1 . YeUow . 7, G. Her. P. H ChUe . 1827 
ciliita . . . Yellow . 7, G. Hor. P. 2 Chile . 1822 

ChjetAria, Beauvois. Derived from chaite^ an 
awn or biistle. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gra- 
minacca. This is an interesting genus of 
grasses, that grow well if sown in any common 
soil. Synonyme: 1, Arislida adscensibnis— 
adscensidnis 1, cscruldscens, divaric^to, h^strix. 

CnjETifeA. See Byttn^ria. 

CHiET<5cALTX, Be Candolle, From ehaite, a 
bristle, and kalyXt calyx ; the calyx is covered 
with bristles. Linn. 17, Or. 4, xJot. Or. Fa- 
bdceae. Is an ornamental stove climber, that 
thrives well in a mixture of peat and loam ; 
increased by cuttings. Spionyme : 1, Glpcine 
tincentlna. 
vlncentlna 1. Yellow . 6 S. £v. Tu. 6 St. Vincent 1823 

(yHiETOCAPNiA, Herbert. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. AmaryllidAcecR, Greenhouse herbaceous 
plants, requiring the same treatment as Bland- 
flrdia. 
fireminiflftra . . Red . 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1838 

Ch^tooIstra, JDe Candoll'. From cJiaite^ a 
bristle, and gastcry a belly ; alluding to tho 
tube of tho calyx being covered with hairy 
scales. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melastomd- 
cece. Interesting plants, succeeding well in a 
mixture of peat and loam, and increased by 
seeds. Synonyinn; 1^ BlUxia lanceoldta. 
gWScilis . . Rod IL . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Braail . 1834 
lanceolMo 1 . White . 1, a A. 1 Trinidad. 18:^0 

JLindeniilna . Dk. pur. 6, 8. Er. 8. 1 Columbia 
strigdfia . . Roao pr. 9, 8. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1848 

CHiETbMiUM, Kunze. Named from chaite, a 
bristle ; in allusion to the hairy appearance of 
the plants. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Hclvcl- 
Idcece^ This is a minute species of Fungus^ 
found growing on damp straw, &c. — eldtunu 

CaffirroNT?CHiA, De Candolle. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Illecebrdcecc. See lUicebrum. 

Ch-et6phora, Agardh. From c/mrte, a bristle, 



and pharcoj to bear ; the filaments being ter- 
minated by a bristle- like point. Linn. 24, 
Or. 7. Nat. Or. Confervdceae. This is a curious 
genus of A Igce, foimd growing on marine rocks, 
in lakes, ditches, &c. Synonyme: 1, C. ilc- 
gan-8 — Berkclfeya, endivisef^Iia, e. crissa, lon- 
gdBva, pellita, pisifdrmis 1, tuberculdsa. 
CH.«rr<5spORA, R. Brown. From c/write, a bristle 
or awn, and spora, a seed. -Linn. 3, Or. 1> 
Nat. Or. Cyperdcece. An uninteresting genus 
of gi'asses, that grow well in a boggy situation ; 
increased by dividing at the roots. Synonyme : 
1, Schdmus ferruglneus. 

turbln&ta . Apetol 7, G. Gross . } K. Holland 18:0 
femtginca 1. 

CH.a?r(5sP0RA, Agardh. See Nacedria, 

CnjETdsTAcaYS. See Lavdndula. 

CH-firtiRUS, Link. From dtaiU, a bristle, and 
oura^ a tail ; in reference to the silky appear- 
ance of the panicles. Linn, 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gramindceoe. An uninteresting grass, that 
grows in any common ^il—fasdculMm. 

Chaff-flower. See AlUmanlhZra Achyrdniha. 

Chaffy, bearing processes like chaff. 

Chaili.£tia, Le Candolle. In honour of M. 
Chaillet, a Swiss botanist. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Chmlletidjceai. A poisonous green- 
house shrub, that gi-ows about live feet higli, 
succeeding well in a mixture of ^at and loam, 
and increased by cuttings potted in sand, under 
a glass. 
toxlciWa . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 8. liOone . 1824 

ChailletiAce^ or Chailletiads. A small 
order of trees and shrubs. C. toxicdria is 
known in Sierra Leone as Eats*-bane, and is 
reputed very poisonous. 

Chainlet. See Catenilla op&nlia. 

CHAiTtTRUS. See Lconitnts. 

ChalXza, a spot on the seed, indicating whcro 
tho vessels of tho raphe terminate. 

ChAlcas. See Murrdya exUica. 

CHAMiEBtJXUS. See Pol$gala ChamcebUxus. 

Cham^cassia. See Chainoefistula and Cdssia. 

Cham^c^rasus. See C&rasus Chainaicirasus. 

CuAMJEcfsTUS. See Bhododindrvn Chamoedistus, 

Cham£CL&ma. See N^peta. 

CHAMiECiiNis. See Lycopddium, 

CHAMJECRfsTA. See Cdssia Chamaxrista. 

CHAM.Ecf parts. See Cuprous. 

CnAM.ffi:cYPAufssus. See SantoUna Chamcccy- 
parissus. 

CHAMiEuXpHXE. See AndrCmeda and Mit- 
chaia. 

Ciiamjed6rea, Willdcnow. From chainaiy dwarf, 
and doreuy a gift ; supposed to refer to the 
flowers being near the ground. Linn. 22, Or. 
6, Nat. Or. Palmdcece, An ornamental genus 
of Palms, growinpr from eight to ten feet high ; 
they thrive best m a sandy loam in a moist 
heat. Synonyme : 1, Nunnizia frdgrans ; 2, 
Oeondma corallifera. 

el&tior . . Straw . 5, 8. palm 10 Mexico . . 1840 
Slogans . . Straw . 5, 8. palm 10 Mexico . . 1840 

*^S5f 2*^^' } 0™nSO • 5» 8. palm 6 N. Grenada 1854 
frdgraiis 1 . White . 5, S. jxilm 7 Trinidad . 1820 
Knlcilu . . Wbt. gni. 5, 8. p.ilm 10 Camccati . ISOS 

CHAMikDRYoy. See SpirCsa. 



CHA 



129 



CHA 



ChamJ^drts. See TeHcrium. 
CHAMJEFfsTULA, De CandolU. From cham<e, 

&Ise, and fistula, a pipe ; shape of seed pods. 

Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. PahdceoR, See Cdssia. 

gigantte . . Tallow . 6, 8. Er. 8. 6 Jamaica . 18Sd 

melonociirpa . Yellow . 6, H. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1825 

ChamjejIsue. See Andr6sace Chamc^dame and 
SUllera ChamcejdsTne. 

CHAMiELAnciAcK£ or Fringe-myrtles. Beau- 
tiful little bushes, resembling heaths, with 
fragrant foliage ; found in New Holland. 

CHAMiELAtJClUM, De CandolU, From ehamai, 
dwarf, and lauckis, a poplar. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. ChamcBlaUiCidcecB, For culture, &c., 
refer to Mprtus. 
eOULtiim . . White . 6, O. Ev. 8. 4 N. HoIL . 1825 

CHAMikLEA. See Cnedrum. 

CHAMiELkDON, Link, From ehamai^ dwarf, and 
kdon^ a kind of cistus ; from its having the 
appearance of a cistus. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. EricdcecB. This is one of the most inte- 
resting of our native plants ; it delights in a 
sandy peat, and may oe increased by layers. 
Synonyrrus: 1, AzaUa proc6.7nbens, LaiseUiiria 
prociimbens. 
proclimbenB 1 . . Pink . 4, H. Ev. 8. | Brit. mta. 

CHAH^LfRiUM, Willdcnow. Derived from 
ehamaif ground, and Uirion^ a lily ; on ac- 
count of the appearance of the plant. Linn, 
22, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Melanthdcece, An orna- 
mental herbaceous plant, that grows best in a 
mixture of peat and loam, and is increased by 
dividing at the roots. Synonymes: 1, Verdr 
trum l^teum, Melhnias liUea, dioiea, Meldn- 
thiwm dUnsum, 
caroUni&num 1 . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 N Amer. 1769 

CHAM.fiM^PlLU8. See Pprus ChammmispUtLS, 

ChaM£m6ly. See Allium Chamoemdly, 

CHAMJSMbRns or Cloud-berry. See Riilnu 
Chamaemdnis, 

CHAMJENiRiON, TownuforU. From chamni, 
dwarf, and nerien, the oleander. Linn. 8, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Onagrduxa. For culture, see 
Epildbium, 
americ&num . Rod . 7, H. Her. P. 1^ N. Amer. 1826 

CHAM^PEtrcE, Le Candolle. From ehamai, 
dwarf, and pevke, a pine : resemblance. Linn. 
19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Atdcrdcece. Plants of Uttle 
interest, growing in common soil, and increased 
by division and seeds. Synonymes: 1, Cdr- 
duu3 dfra ; 2, Cdrduiu Casahdna ; 3, C. gna- 
phalbdes; 4, SlaeheRna ehamcepeUce, Pterdnia 
chamospedce ; 5, Cnlcus dfer^ Cirsium niveum ; 
6, Cdrduus stelldtus, Cirsium sUlldium; 7, 
Cn\cus strictus. 

ifral . . . Purple . «, F. B. 2 Barbaiy. 1802 

Casabdiue 2 . Purple . 6, P. R 2 8. Eur. . 1714 

cvaoaroldea . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Crete . . 1828 
Diacftitba. . Purple . «, F. B. 3 Barbary . 1800 

echinoc^hala Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1822 
giiAphal6de8 3 Ptirple . 7, P. Ev. 8. 2 Calabria, 
hdrrida. . . Whfte . 6, H. Her. P. 8 Spain . 1826 
mbtica 4 . . Red . . 6, F. Ev. 8. 2 Candia . 1640 
nlvca 6 . . . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Sicily . 1828 
0teU&ta 6 . . Purple . 6, H. A. 2 Italy . . l6fiS 

Btricta 7 . . Purple . 0, H. Her. P. 2 Naples . 1820 

CHAMiiiPiTYS. Sec jljuga Cham^pUys, 



Chail£r6pes. See Hermimum, 

CHAMiERHbDOS, Don, From chamaiy dwarf, 
and rliodoUf a rose ; appearance of plHuts. 
Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Rosdcecs. Interesting 
dwarf plants, difficult to preserve through the 
winter, as they are liable to damp off. They 
require sandy loam and heath mould, and are 
increased by seeds. Synonyme: 1, Sibbdldia 
grandifibra. 

grandifldrus . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. i Daburia . 1828 
polyg^us . Yellow . 0, H. Her. P. ( Siberia . 1824 

Cham^riphbs. See Ckamderops, 

Cham^rops, Linn. Chamaif on the ground, 
rhop^ a twig; alluding to the low growth of 
the plants. Linn, 28, Or. 2, Nat Or. Pal- 
mdctas. A handsome genus of the Palm tribe, 
attaining thirty feet in height, and delighting 
best in a rich loamy soil ; and with the excep- 
tion of C, guian&nsis and grdcUis^ they do very 
well in a common greenhouse. Synonyme : 1, 
CSrypJia palmetto, 

excflsa . . . Gm. wbt 8, 8. Palm 26 Nepal . 1822 
Fortllei . . Yel. gm. . 8, O. Palm 10 Cbina . 1849 
grthdlis . . . Gm. wht. 2, 8. Palm 10 8. Amer. 1822 
guian^xuls . Gm. wht 4, 8. F<tlm 20 Guiaua . 1824 
hUmiUs . . Gm. wht 2, 8. Palm 10 8. Eur. . 1781 
h^strix . . . Gm. wht 2. 8. Palm 10 Geoxgla . 1801 
MartiAna . . Gm. wht S, 8. Palm 40 NepiU . 1822 
. Palmetto 1 . Gm. wht 8, 8. Palm 16 Carolina. 1809 
Berrul4ta . . Gm. wht 2, 8. Palm 10 N. Amer. 1809 
tomentdsa . Gm. wht S, 8. Palm 

ChamjssciAdium, Don. . From chainai, dwarf, 
and skiadiont an umbel ; plants small. Linn. 
6, Or. 2, Nat Or. Apidcecs. Synonyme: 1, 
BUnium aeatUe.—fiayiscenB 1. 

Chajlestd^ritis. See Stdchys. 

CHAMiBsfNNA. See Cdssia. 

Cham.£ST^FHanum. See Achyropdppus. 

ChajlssVce. See Euphdrbia Chamoespce. 

Chamagr68TIS. See Kndppia. 

ChamelJ^. See CnemidSstachys CfuimtUsa. 

Chamiss5a, Humht. et Bovpl. In honour of 
M. Chamisso, the companion of Kotzebue. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Amaranldceoe. This 
is a beautiful stove ]>lant, attaining the height 
of five feet ; it thrives well in common soil, 
and may be increased from cuttings. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Achyrdnthea alHssima. See CUM- 
aUichys. 
altlssima 1 . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. 8. Jamaica . 1816 

ChamI685nia. See (Enolfiira. 

ChamlAgu. See Caragdna Chamldgu, 

Chamomile. See Anihemis, 

CHAMOMf LLA. See Matriedria CkamomiUa and 
Antfiemis CkamomUla. 

Cham5rchi8. See Hem^ntum, 

Champ. See Magnolia exeilsa. 

ChampAca. See Michilia Champdca. 

Chamfignion. See AgdHcus, 

Champiov oak. See Qm^cus rHirra. 

Chandelier tree. See Panddnus Candeld- 
brum. 

Chandir6ba. See FffuUUa. 

Channel-leaved, folded together, so as to 
resemble a channel for conducting water. 

CHANTARiLLE. See Chantarillus. 

Chaotic plants. The lowest forms of vegeta- 
tion, believed by some of the ancients to be pro- 

K 



CHA 



130 



CHE 



duced 8|)OZitaneotisly without order, and not 

ffovemed by the usual hiws of the vegetable 

kingdom ; modem science, however, has shown 

that the most perfect order reigns throughout. 

ChaftAlia, Venlenat. In honour of M. Chap- 

tal, a celebrated French chemist. Linn. 19, 

Or. 4, Nat. Or. AiterdeecB. This is a pretty 

hardy herbaceous plant, that succeeds well in 

common soil, and increases by dividing the 

roots. Syrwnyme: 1, Tiissildffo inlegnjdlia, 

tomentdsa 1 . White . 6, H. Her. P. | N. Amer. 1800 

ChAra, LiniL From chavrOf to delight ; in 

allusion to its habitation. Linn, 24, Or. 7, 

Nat Or. Charaua. A curious and interesting 

genus, requiring to be grown in ponds or 

cisterns, in a peat soil. See NiUlla. — dspera, 

grdciliSf Jfedioigii, hispida, viblgdris, 

ChAra of CitSAR. See Equiaitum fluviOUle, 

CharAckjs or Cbaras. Curious water plants 

of little beauty, nearly related to Confirva, 
CharAgias. See Eupkdrbia Chardeias, 
CharAntia. See Mcmbrdiea Chardntia, 
ChardInia, J). Don. Linn, 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. 

Asterdcece. See Xerdnthemum, 
ChariAnthus, D. Don, From eharieis, beauti- 
fal, and anOvts, a flower. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Melastoniduxc^. Showy shrubs, re- 
quiring exactly the same treatment as Melds- 
toma. Synonymes: 1, Meldstoma ooccinea, al- 
pina; 2, ChenanUUra mucrotidta, Charidnlhtu, 
BerUrodmis. 

ooocfnetia 1 . . Scarlet . 8. Ev. S. 4 Cavenne . 18i8 
glabdrrimus 2 . Pur. red . 8. Kr. 8. 6 Trinidad . 

OHARikis. See Kaid/dssiti. 

Charles's sceptre. See PedictUdris Se^irum 
Carolinum. 

Charlock. See Sindpia arvinsis. 

Charlwo6dia, Sioeet. In honour of G. Charl- 
wood, F.L.S., an enthusiastic English botanist 
Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. LUidcece. This is a 
beautiful stove genus, that attains the height 
of ten feet ; the species thrive well in a mix- 
ture of peat and loam, and are increased by 
cuttings in sand, under a glass, in heat Sy- 
nonymes: 1, Dracdtna auatrdlia; 2, 1), indi- 
visa ; 3, D, slricta. See Cordytine. 
wutrftlls 1 . Blue wht . 8, S. By. T. 10 N. ZeaL 1823 
oong^sta . . Pa. blue . 8, 8. Er. T. 10 N. HolL 1832 
indivlaa 2 . Blue . . . 8. & Ev. T. 10 N. ZeaL 
•trfcU 8 . . Blue . . . 8, 8. Ev. T. lu N. ZoaL 1820 

Charrah. See Lagendria vtUgdris, 

Charred, blackened by fire. 

CHAScdNiuic, Aley, Derived from ehasko, to 
gape ; in allusion to the gaping calyx. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat Or. Verbendcete. A half 
shrubby greenhouse plant, thriving in loam 
and heath mould, but requires good drainage. 
It is easily propagated by cuttings planted in 
pots of sand, and placed in a little heat 
euneifdlium . White . 6, O. Ev. 8. 1 C. O. H. . 1821 

Chasm6nk. See MohiodUa, 

Ch asm6nia, Presh. From chaamao, to gape wide ; 
in reference to the calyx being spread open. 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat Or. Lamidcea. An orna- 
mental annual, that only requires sowing in 
common soil. Synonyme : 1 , Moluccilla apindaa. 
iodBa 1 . . Pink . . 7, H. A 2 Levant 1596 



ChastemAa^ De Candolle, Named in honour 
of Victorina de Cha.stenay, a celebrated bo- 
tanical painter. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
MelastomdoetJB, Shrubs with the habit of Me- 
ridnia^ and requiring similar treatment ; they 
are propagated by half ripened cuttings planted 
in soil, under a glass, in heat. 
Heritolte . Purple . fi, & Et. 8. 6 8. Amer. 

Chaste TREE. See VUex, 
ChAtk. See CHummvt CliMja. 
Chaw stick. See Govi/knia dominginaia. 
Chay root. See Oldenidndia umhelldla, 
Ch^bula. See Tirmindlia Ckibula. 
Cheese colouring. See BUca Orelldna, 
Cheese rennet. See Odlium v^mm. 
CheilAnthes, Swartz. From chnloa, a lip, and 
arUhoa, a flower ; in allusion to the form of the 
indusium. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat Or. Polypa- 
didcacB. This is a beautiful ^enus of ferns, 
that succeed best when grown in a mixture of 
peat and loam, and increase by dividing the 
roots. Synonymea: 1, Polyp6dium frdgrana; 
2, PUria grdcilia; 3, Notholdina cheilanthatdea ; 
4, Adidntum pteroidea; 6, Nephrddium land- 
sum. 

brtfchypus . Brown 6, 0. Her. P. 
eaud&ta . . Brown 0, G. Her. P. | N. HoU. . 1824 
cronuUta . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 . 1881 

cune&ta . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 . 1881 

Dicksonloldds Brown 8, & Her. P. 3 
farindea . . Bn. yL 8, 8. Her. P. i I. of Luaon 1854 
ferruglnea . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. | . 1816 

■ . Brown 8, G. Her. P. f Madeira , 
. Brown 7. G. Her. P. 1 
, Brown 7, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. , 
. Brown 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. , 
lendtgera . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. | N. 8pAin 
macroph^Ila . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies. 
mlcr6mera . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. ^ Mexico 
micrdpteris . Brown 0, 8. Her. P. i 
rnvBur^nsis . Brown 0, G. Her. P. 1 Japan . 
mlcroph^Ua 8 Brown 6, G. Her. P. I W. Indies. 1828 
oddrii . . . Brown 6. F. Her. P. { Switserld. 1810 
pterioldee 4 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. C. G. H. . 1776 
profluw. . . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. \ 
radi&ta . . . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. i 
ripens . . . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies. 1824 
rilla .... Redbn9, 8. Her. P. ^ W. Indies 

Brown 9, 8. Her. P. | . 1888 

Brown 9, 8. Her. P. 1 BrasQ . . 1820 
Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies. 
Brown 8, G. Her. P. 1 Madeira . 1778 
Brown 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Ceylon . 
Brown 9, 8. Her. P. ^ Mexico . 1841 
Brown 8, H. Her. P. | N. 
See Platylhbium, 



ruf tesens . 

ainudea . . 
suave^lens 
tenuif6Iia . 
Tlacdaa. . 
vetilta5 . 

Cheiloc6cca. 



.1778 



. 1823 
.1806 



.1838 



. Amer. . 1812 



CHEiLfcTis. See M<mdrda, 
Cheiranth&ra, Cunning, Be^ Ackimhus, 
CheirXnthus, Linn. Derived from its Arabic 
name kheyrey^ and anthoa^ a flower. Lmn. 15, 
Nat. Or. BraaaicdcefB. These are all ornamen- 
tal dwarfish plants, and the common kinds 
thrive well in light soil, the rest require it 
somewhat richer, and the protection of a frame 
or greenhouse in winter. Synonyme: 1, O, 
dilbiua. See AndredakiOy Barbar^ Cam^alina, 
Erpgimum, ffeli6phila, Malcdmia^ Sterigma, 



alplniis . 

arbdretiB 

oapitAtufl . 

Chelri . . 
femigfneus 
flavdflcena 
fl6ro-pl%uo 



, Yellow 
. YeUow 
. Yellow 
. Orange 
. Brown 
, Yellow 
Yellow 



grandiflftrua . YeUow 



5, G. Ev. 8. iS. Eur. 1810 
fi, G Et. S 8 Egypt. 1827 

6, H. Her. P. 2 Colmb. 1826 
. 6, F. Ev. a 2 8 Eur, lfi78 

6, F. Er. 8. 2 8. Eur. 1678 

^ F. Ev. 8. 2 8. Eur. 1678 

. 6, F. Ev. 8. 2 Garden var. 

, 5, F. Ev. a 2 8. Eur. 1678 



CHE 



131 



CHE 



Cheiri: 
hwmtfntlius . Blood . . 5, F. Ev. 8. 2 S. Eur. 1573 

•T«5^^}BIood. .6,F.Ev. &*8.Bur.g«. 

mtf ximiu . . Yellow . 5, F. Ev. 8. 2 8. Eur. 1578 

pItfculuB . . Yellow . S, F. Ey. 8. S S. Eur. 1578 

purpUreufl . Purple . 6, F. Ev. 8. S 8. Bur. gar. 

varieglitus . Purple . «, F. Bv. 8. 2 8. Bur. g«r. 

saugufneua . Drk. bm. 5, F. £▼. 8. 2 Garden var. 

•err^tiu . . Yellow . 6. F. Ev. 8. 2 8. Eur. 1678 

thyraoldes . Blood . . 5, F. Ev. 8. 2 a Eur. 1673 

v&riufl . . . Vari«fir. . 6, F. Bv. 8. 2 8. Bur. 1673 

ffrmua . . . Yellow . 6, F. Ev. 8. 1 Europe 1810 

fniticuldsua . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. 1} Brit walls 

Unifdliua . . Purple . 4, O. Ev. 8. 2 8pain . 1816 

mutibllis . . YoL pur. . 4, G. Bv. 8. 3 Madeiral777 

longif&Uua . Wht pur. 9, G. Ev. & 8 Madeira 1816 

ochroleticua 1 . Pale yeL . 4, H. Her. P. 1 8witarL 1822 

■cop^ua . . Wht pur. d, Q. Ev. S. 3 Tenerff. 1812 

aarugindaus . Ruvty . 0, G. Ev. 8. 8 Tenerff. 1812 

cbamMeo . Yel. pur. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 Tenerff. 1812 

semperfldrens. White G. Ev. 8. 2 Barbrv. 1815 

fnitteoena . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Tenerff. 1816 

tenulfbliua. . Yellow . «, G. Ev. 8. 2 Madeira 1777 

CHEiRAin<HOD£KDRON. See CheirosUjnofL 
CheIri. See Cheirdnthus Cheiri. 
CheirInia. See Erysimum, 
Ch£IRISANTh6ra. See Cheiranthtra, 
CHKiROSTkHON, Humholdt a Bonpland, From 
cheir, the hand, and stemon, a stamen ; on 
account of their having five stamens, and the 
filaments united at the base. Linn. 16,- Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. SterculidcetK. This is generally called 
the hand plant, on account of its five curved 
anthers which resemble the human hand ; it 
will grow about one hundred feet high, and 
cuttings with their leaves entire, potted in 
peaty soil, plunged in heat, root freely, 
pbitanoldea . Red pur. 5, 8. Ev. T. 100 N. 8pain 1801 

Cheir6stylis, Linn, From eheir, the hand, and 
stylos, a style. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
ehiddcece. * * This interesting, but inconspicuous 
genus, was obtained by Messrs. Loddiges, from 
Ceylon." In general aspect it is like a minute 
Goodyeraj but differs from that genus in several 
particulars. A very damp heat is requisite for 
these little gems— their treatment is the same 
as for AncKtochUus. Synonyme : 1, Bosnia 
marmordta, AnoedockMus Lbwii. 
marmor&ta 1 . White . . 0, 8. Ter. i Java . . 1849 
parvlfblia . . White . . 6. 8. Ter. \ Ceylon . 1837 

Chelid6nium, Linn, The plant is said to flower 
at the arrival and dry up at the departure of 
the swallows ; whence the name, from cheledon, 
a swallow. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Papa- 
verdeecB. The species of this genus are inte- 
resting, and succeed well in common garden 
soil. Synonyme: 1, C. cUikiiriciim. See So- 
vtirict, 

grandifldrum 1 . Yel. . 5, H. Her. P. 2 Dahuria. 1820 
ladnlAtum . . YeL . 6, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 
m&Jiis .... 
fl6re pl%no . YeL . 9, H. Her. P. 1} Bng. gardens. 

mHjus. 

CHELONANTHkRA, Blume. See Cceldgyne. 

Chbl6nb, Linn, From cheUme, a tortoise ; to 
the back of which, the helmet of the flowers 
is fancifully compared. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. SerophularidcecB. This is a beautiful hardy 
herbaceous genus, that ought to have a place 
in every collection ; the species succeed well in 



a mixture of peat and loam, and are increased 
by dividing the roots. Synonymes: 1, C. wid- 
jor; 2, PentsUmon gmtianoides. See PerU- 
stimon, 

barbita . . . Bcarlet . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Mexico . 1794 

ml^or . . . OnLscr. 7, H. Her. P. 8 Bng. gardena. 

centranthifdlia 8carlot. 9, H. Her. P. 6 CaUfomia 1884 

gentianoldea 2. Om.9cr. 7, F. Her. P. 3 Mexico . 1825 

Eltfbra . . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1780 
ydnl 1 . . . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1812 
Mexlcl^na . . 8cariet . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1842 
nemorbsa . . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1827 
obUaua . . . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1762 
apecidea. . . Pale red 8, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 

Chbmmau. See CUeumis Duddim. 

Chen6lea, Linn, Supposed to be derived from 
Chen, a goose, and leia, prey. Linn, 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. OhencpodidoecB. The beauty of this 
plant consists in its silvery leaves ; its height 
is seldom more than one foot, and any rich 
light soil will suit it; cuttings root freely 
placed under a glass, 
diffbaa . . Green. . 8 G. Bv. 8. 1 G. G. H. . 1753 

Chen6poda. See AspdlcUhus Chen6poda. 

CHENOPODiAcEifi, or Chenopods. Principally 
weeds inhabiting waste places in all parts of 
the world; some, as beet-root, spinach, &c., 
are used as pot-herbs and vegetables. 

CHEN0F<5DitrM, Linn, From chen^ a goose, and 
pww, a foot; in reference to many of the 
species having leaves similar to the webbed 
feet of the goose. Linn^ 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
dunopodiZueds. A genus of so little beauty, 
that its species are for the greatest part only 
grown in botanical collections; when grown 
they require to be sown on a sandy soil in the 
open border. Synonymes: 1, Sals6la frnticdsa ; 
2, 8. divirgens; 8, 0. srdsum ; 4, Salsdla sdUsa; 
6, C. fdstidum; 6, Salsdla sdlsa; 7, C. leueo- 
sp^rmum. See Kdchia and Bhagddia. 
ambroflioldes . Green 8, H. A. 1} Mexico . 1460 
fruticteum 1 . Green 8, H. Ev. 8. 2 Eng. sea ehore 
Quinda . . . Green 7, H. A. 3 Peru . . 1822 
rtxbrum . . Green 7. H. A. 3 Peru . . 1822 

acumindtumf aaUifhlium^ dlbum, a, erassi/dlium, 
a, inUgrifblium^ a. subroHkiidum, a. virufs, 
cUtissimvmt anihelTnJfntieum, arisUUumj Atri- 
plicis, Bidiersteinianumy blitdidesy Bhntu-Bsn" 
rieuSy boirydides, B6trrySy Carthagin^nse, eaudd- 
tunif ehrysomelanosp&tTMim, ernssifblium, fid- 
/hlium, faUidumf gigarUhimj glatieunit graved- 
lens, guine^nse,hirsiUum, horUns$2,humifasumf 
hpbridwm^ tnci^um, laneeoldtum, ItUerdle, mar- 
ginatum, maritimum, multijidum, murdlCf 
6lidtimf opulifblium 8, Pallasidnumj parvi/b- 
liumy pdhdum^ petioldref polysp^num, pune- 
ttUdtum, purpurdscejis 7, radidtumy rhombifi- 
Hum, rt&rum, sdlsum 4, Schraderidnum 5, 
sepium, serMinum, 'setigerum, spicdtum. 6, 
suffnUiedsum, Urbicum. 

Cherim6lia. See Andna Ckerimdlia. 

Cherimoyer. See Andna Cherimdlia. 

C^ERLkRiA, ffaller. In honour of John Henry 
Qierler, who assisted John Bauhin in his his- 
tory of plants. Linn. 10, Or. 8, Nat. Or. 
Oaryophylldcece. This is an ornamental plant, 
and has a good effect upon rock- work ; it grows 
best in sandy loaxA and peat, and may be in- 

K 2 



CHE 



132 



cm 



creased by dividing the roots, or by cuttings. 

See Arendria. 

■edoldes . Tel. wht 7, H. Her. P. ^ Soot. mnts. 

Cherris. a resin obtained from the hemp 
(Cdnnabis sa^va). 

Cherry. See Cirasus, 

Cherry laurel, Cirasus Lailro-cSrasus. 

Cherry pepper. See Cdpsicum cerasifhrme. 

Chervil. See DaHUnts Oitigiditimi, 

Chervil. See Chceroph^llum. 

Ghesnut. See Ccutdnea. 

Chicasaw plum. See Ciraaiu chiecua. 

Chichester elii. See Vlimts gldbra vigeta, 

Chicklikq vetch. See Ldthyrus sa&vus. 

Chick pea. See CUxr. 

Chickweed. See Alpine and M&rUia. 

Chickweed mouse-ear. See CerdUium, 

CniCA. See Sterdtlia Cklca. 

Chicot. See Moringa pterygosp^rpna. 

Chicken grape. See Vltis cordifdlia. 

Chili jasmine. See MandevUla suav^lens. 

CniuoPHfLLUM, J)e Candolle, ChUios, very 
numerous, phyllon^ a leaf. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat Or. AaterdLceoB. Plants with but little 
beauty, growing in li^ht loam and heath mould, 
and propagated by division and seeds, 
globdaum . YeUow 8, G. Her. P. 1) Mexico . 1820 

Chili pepper. See Cdpsicum micrdnihum. 

Chil6chloa, Beauvois. Derived from chiloa, 
fodder, and cfUoa^ grass. lAnn, 8, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. GrainindcecB. A genus of ^i^rasses of no 
particular beauty, that only require to be sown 
in the open ground. Synonymes: 1, PkUum 
dnnuum; 2, P. arendria; 8, P.panicuWum; 
4, P, BAhmeri — annua 1, arenkria 2, ^pera 3, 
B^hmeri 4, cuspid^ta. 

Chil6dia, B. Brown. From cheilos, a lip, and 
odousy a tooth ; alluding to the lip being toothed. 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat Or. Lamidcece. The 
species of this genus are ornamental greenhouse 
shrubs, that succeed well in a mixture of peat 
and loam, and increase by cuttings pottea in 
sand, under a glass. 

auAtr&Ua . . . Violet . 7, O. Ev. 8. 3 N. HoU 
scuteUarioldes . Violet . 9, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HolL 1829 

Chilool6ttis, R. Brown, From cheilos, a lip, 
and gloUat a tongue ; alluding to the tongue- 
like appendage <o the lip. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Ordkiddcett. An ornamental bulbous- 
rooted plant, growing well in a mixture of 
light turfy loam, turfy peat, and sand; and 
kept either in the greenhouse or in a frame. 
dlph:?lla . . Bed . . 6 F. Ter. J New HoL . 

ChiixSpsis, D, Don. From cheHos, a lip, and 
opHs, resemblance ; calyx with a lip. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bignonidcece. For culture, 
Ac, refer to Bignonia. Synonymes: 1. Bignd- 
nia linedriSy Childpais scUigna. 
line&riB 1 . Rose . 5, S. Ev. 8. 20 Mexico . . 1825 

CbimAphila, Pursh. From ckeima, winter, and 
phileot to love ; the plants are green in winter. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. Pyroldcce. This is 
a genus of oniamental and medicinal plants, 
but difficult of cultivation ; they succeed best 
planted out in peat soil, and there left to 



remain, as they cannot bear to be disturbed ; 
cuttings. 8ynony7ne8: 1, Pyrola wnM.ldia; 
2, P. maeiUdta. 

oorymbbsa 1 . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 1752 
maculAta 2 . White . 6, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1752 

ChimAza. See Chimdphila. 
ChimonInthus, Lindley. From cheimon, win- 
ter, and anlhos, a flower ; alluding to the time 
of its flowering, Lvm. 12, Or. 8, Nat. Or. 
Calycanthdceae. This genus is deserving of a 
place in all collections, on account of the de- 
lightful fragrance of the flowers ; they endure 
our winters in the open air, but when grown 
in the conservatory are seen to the most ad- 
vantage, as the flowers are liable to be injured 
when unprotected. They will grow in any 
soil, but prefer a mixture of loam and peat ; 
and are increased by layers or young cuttings 
potted in sand, under a glass, and plunged in 
a little heat Synonyms: 1, CcUycdnthus pre- 
cox. 

frftgnms 1 . Yel. rod . 12, H. De S. C Japan . 1706 
grandifl6ni8 Tellow . 12, H. Do & 8 China . 
mteus . . Yellow . 12, H* De & 6 Japan . 1818 
parvifl6ru8 . Pa. ycL . 12, H. Do 8. 6 Japan . 1818 

China aster. See CaXlist^ma. 

China bark. See Butna h^xdndra. 

China rose. See Hibiscus rbsa-sininsis. 

Chinchin. See Polpgala thesiotdes. 

Chinchon. See Plochria Unax. 

Chinese cherry. See Pritnus pseMo-oirasus. 

Chinese crab. See Pprue spectdbilia. 

Chinese indigo. See Isdtis indigdtica. 

Chinese tree. See Pcednia MoiUan. 

Chinkwrit. See Opigrapha. 

Chinquapin, ^a QiUrcus Primi^s pilmxla. 

Chioo6cca, p. Brown. From ehion, snow, and 
kokkoe, a berry ; referring to the berries, which 
are white, hence the name snowberry. Linn. 
6,>0r. 1, Nat Or. Oinchondcece. Ornamental 
plants growing from three to six feet high ; 
they thrive well in a mixture) of loam and peat, 
and are increased by cuttings in sand, placed 
under a glass. C. anguiftiga is a violent 
emetic and purgative. 

angiiiftiga . White . 7. 8. Ev. S. 4 Bnudl . . 1824 
ntcembea . White . 2, S. Ev. & 6 Jamaica . 1729 

ChionXnthus, Linn. From c^uw, white or 
snow, and anthos^ a flow*er ; the flowers are 
pure white. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat Or. Oledcea. 
An ornamental genus of plants, varying in 
height from seven to thirty feet; the best 
plants are raised from seeds, but they may bo 
increased by budding or grafting on the com- 
mon ash. Synonymes: 1, 0. virglnica mari- 
tima; 2, C. trifida; 3, C. vir. montdna. See 
Chondrosp6rmv m. 

axillaris . . . White 6, 8. De 8. 6 E. India . 1810 
maritima 1 . . White 6, H. De 8. 10 N. Amer. . 1786 
rethsns . . . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 6 China . 1849 
virglnica . . White 6, H. De T. 30 X. Amer. 1736 
aniruBtifAlla 2 White 6, H. De Tr. 20 N. Amer. 
latifblla 8 . . White 6, H. De Tr. 26 Carolina. 

Chio turpentine. See Piatdcia Terebintkus. 

ChirIta, Buchanan. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
Oesnerdcece. Beautiful little greenhouse plants, 
bearing large lilac foxglove-like flowers. The 
treatment and propagation recommended for 



CHI 



133 



CHL 



Gloxinia suits them. Synonyme : 1, Martjnia 

lanceoldia. 

Modnii 1 . . Bl p. y. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Ceylon . 1847 

sintoaia . . LUao . 6, O. Hor. P. \ China . 1843 

Wilkeri . . YeUow . 6, 8. Ev. 8. ll Ceylon . 1845 

EeyUnica . . Purple . 7, 8. Her. P. \\ Ceylon . 1845 

Chiroc6cca. See Chtocdcca. 

Chir6nia, Linn. After Chiron, one of the 
fathers of medicine and botany ; he is repre- 
sented to have been the son of Saturn. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. GenlianAcece, The species 
of this genus are prettv, growing to the height 
of two feet ; peat soif, or peat with a little 
loam mixed, suits them best ; they ought to 
be frequently raised from cuttings, as the 
species are not loug-liyed ; cuttings strike freely 
in peat, placed under a glass. See Erythrdta, 
Mlxaeumf and Sabbdtia. Synonymes : 1, C. 
Fischlri ; 2, C. trinirvis, 

angustif511a . Red . . 7, Q. Er. 8. 1 C. O. H. 1800 
biujclfera . . YeUow . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1760 
dectiss&tA . . Red . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 17S9 
floribfindA 1 . Roue . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1842 
frutdecens . . Red . . 7, G. Ev. 8. \\ C. G. H. 1756 
idbifldra . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. l} C. G. H. 1756 

E' in^sa . . Red . . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1843 
ninoldes . Purple . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1812 
ides . . Red . . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1787 
lychnolde* . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1816 
nudlcaHlia. . Purple . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G H. 1816 
pedunculAria2 Purple . 7. G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. 1830 
■erpyllilblia . Yellow . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1829 
tetragdna . . YeUow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1824 

Chit6nia, D. Don. From chiton^ a coat of mail ; 
in allusion to the seeds being covered with 
scales. Linn, 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melasto- 
macecg. This is a genus of ornamental stove 

Elants, growing from three to twenty feet 
igh ; they succeed well in a mixture of peat 
and loam, and are increased readily by cut- 
tings planted in sand under a glass. Synony- 
mes : 1, Meidntoma dlbicana ; 2, M. Folhtrgilla, 
Pothergilla mirdbilis ; 3, M. pyramiddlia ; 4, 
Jf. Tambnia, M. Sicartzidna. 
flbicans 1 . . White . 8. Ev. 8. 8 Mexico . 1815 
Fothorgflla 2 . Purple . 8. Ev. T. 15 8. Amer. 1815 
inacroph^lla . White . 8. Ev. 8. 10 Trinidad 1820 
pyramidAliaS. White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Trinidad 1817 
Tamdnia 4 . . Purple . S. Ev. T. 12 W. Ind. . 1815 

Chives. See Allium Schcenoprdisum. 

Chlamtd6phora, Bon. From chlamys^ a coat, 
phoreo, to bear. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracecg. Annuals of no particular beauty, 
growing in any common soil. 
tridontAU . Yellow . 6, H. A. 1 Egypt . 1836 

ChudXnthus, Herbert. From chlideios, deli- 
cate, and antJioSf a flower ; alluding to the 
delicate texture of the flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Amarylliddcece. This is a pretty 
plant, requiring to be grown in a composition 
of two-thirds sandv loam, and one-third sand 
and peat; bulbs that are planted out in the 
spring will flower in summer, but they should 
be taken up in the autumn. Synonyme: 1, 
Pancratium Weum. 
friignuu 1 . Yellow . 5, G. Bu. P. 1 B. Ayres . 1820 

ChloInthes, R. Brown. Named from chloa, 
grass, and antkos, a flower ; on account of the 
creen flowers. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ver- 
bendcece. An ornamental genus ; the species 
grow to the height of two feet, and require a 



mixture of loam and peat ; cuttings, when 
young, root freely in the same soil, under a 
glass. 

glanduldaa . . Gm. yeL 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HolL 1824 
rosmarinifdlia . Gm. yeL 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HolL 1823 
8t(fechadi8 . . Gm. yeL 7. G. Ev. 8, 2 N. HolL 1822 
Cul6ra, Linn. From ckloros, green. The 
flowers of C. per/oliAta are a perfect green 
when dried, but yellow when fresn ; hence the 
name Yellow- wort. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
Oentiandcece. This is a pretty genus, and the 
species well worth cultivating as hardy an- 
nuals ; they only require to be sown in the 
open borders as soon as the seeds are ripe. 
Synonyms: 1, C. dUbia; 2, C. per/olidta. 
grandifldra . Orange 6, H. A. 
^iperfoliJLta . 1 Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Italy . . 1823 
perfoli&ta . . YeUow 6, H. A. 1 Brit cha. pL 
8er6tina2 . . YeUow 11, H. A. 1 Europe . 1832 

ChlorAa, Lindley. From chloros, green; in 
allusion to the hue of the flower. Linn. 20, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orehidacece. Synonyine: 1, 
C. chrysdntha. 

longibracte^ta . Wbt. yeL 9, 8. EpL 1 ChiU 1887 
vir^scena 1 . . Gmah.yL 5, G. Ter. 1| ChUi 1844 

CBLORAirrHAcK£. A small order consisting of 
herbaceous plants or under-shrubs, with an 
aromatic taste, and inconspicuous flowers. 
They are all natives of tropical climates ; 
where they are esteemed for their medicinal 
properties. 
CblorXnthus, Stoartz, The flowers are green ; 
whence the name, from chloros, green, and 
anthoSf a flower. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
ChlorantMceoi. This is a very curious genus 
of plants, generally growing a foot, or a foot 
and a half high. They thnve well in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and cuttings root freely 
in peat under a glass. 

incon«plcuua . A petal. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 China . 1781 
Apetal. 6. 8. Ev. 8. H Cti^x^ . 1817 
Apetal. 4, 8. Her. P. 1 China . 1819 
Green . 7, 8. Ev. B. 6 China . 1820 
Green . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 China . 1809 

See Nardsstis. 
CulorIdium, Link. From chloros^ pallid, and 
eidosy appearance ; alluding to the appearance 
of the plants. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mu- 
cordceas. Insignificant plants, growing on de- 
cayed wood— ^ri«um. 
ChlOris, Swartz. From chloros, green ; allud- 
ing to the colour of the herbage. Linn. 23, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Graminiceag. The tender spe- 
cies should be raised on a hotbed, and require 
altogether to be grown with other tender an- 
nuals. Synonyme: 1, C. Durandidna. See 
Antfuropdgon, EUstachys, Rhabd6chloa. 
barb&ta . . . Apetal 6, 8. Grass 1 E. Ind. . 
cili&ta . . . Apetal 8, 8. Grass } Jamaica 
compr^ssa . . Apetal 7, H. Grass 1 8. France 
doUchoettfchya Apetal 7, H. Grass i PhiL Is. 
Regans . . . Apetal 7, 8. Grass 1 8. Amer. 
fascicul&ta . . Apetal 7. H. Grass } Bradl . 
frrtfcilis 1 . . Apetal 7, H. Gruss 1 

. Apetal 7, H. Grass J California 

. Apetal 8, H. Grass 

. Apetal 7, 8. Grass 

. Apetal 8, 8. Grass 

. Apetal 7, H. Grass 

Boxburghi&na Apetal 7, 8. Grass 
truncilta . . Apetal 7, G. Grass 
ventriofisa . . Apetal 7, G. Grass 



monlbider . 
monoeifiohys . 
el&tior . . . 
ertetus . . . 

ChlorAster. 



bifl&ta 
piCUida . . 
polydictyla 
radl^ta . . 
rettksa 



! 8. France 
[ Jamaica 

W. Ind. . 
I B. Ayres 

E. Ind. . 

N. Hoi. . 
! N^HoL . 



1777 
1779 
1820 
1822 
1818 
lb27 
1824 
1826 
1816 
1810 
1739 
1824 
1820 
1818 
18S0 



CHO 



134 



CHO 



ChorIsis. See CJiorisma, 

GHLOROcdcGUM, GrevilU, Derived from chJoroSy 
green, and kokhosy a berry ; on account of their 
appearance. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat Or. Con- 
ftrvULeecB, This is a very curions genus, found 
growing on trunks of trees and old walls. 
Synonyme: 1, Leprdria botrj/oUUa — murdrum, 
vulgltre 1. 

Chlor<5phytum, Ker. From chloras, green, and 
phyton, a plant ; referring to the appearance of 
the plants. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliaceos. 
A curious genus, growing from one to two feet 
high ; they do best in a compost of turfy loam, 
peat, and sand. Synanyme: 1, Anthiricum 
eldUum, See also Borriria. 
eULtmn 1 . . . WUte . 8, 8. Her. P. 2 G. O. H. 1751 
inom&tum . . White . 7, 8. Har. P. 1 8. Leone 
orchidirtrum . White . 0, 8. Her. P. 2 8. Leone 1822 

Chlorosis, the green sickness; a disease so 
called. 

Chlor6xtlon, Ik CandolU, From ehloros, 
green, and xyUmf wood ; on account of the 
green or deep yellow colour of the wood. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Oedreldcew. This is 
a fine timber tree, growing to the height of 
one hundred feet ; it grows well in our stoves, 
in a mixture of loam and peat ; increase is by 
cuttings. Syrumyme: 1, SwieUnia ehlorCxyUm. 
See also LaHnu CMor6xylon. 
8wiettoia 1 . White . 5. 8. Er. T. 100 E. Ind. 1820 

Chocolate-nut. See Theobr^ma. 

CnotsYA, KwUh, In honour of M. Choisy, a 
Qeneveso botanist. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Rvidcea. This is an ornamental sluiib, grow- 
ing about six feet high ; it thrives well iu a 
mixture of peat and loam, and may be in- 
creased by cuttings in sand under a glass. 
temAta . . White . . 7, 8. Bv. & « Mexioo . 1825 

Choke. See C^rasus hyemdlis, 

Ch6eo. See Sichium. 

Chom&lia, Jacquin. After J. B. Ohomel, M.D., 
physician to Louis XV. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Cinchonacem. The species are ornamental 
plants, growing from five to twelve feet in 
height ; they thrive weU in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and cuttings root freely under a glass 
in heat Synonymes: I, Ixdra/aaciciUiUa ; 2, 
/. spinosa. 

fiwdcuUta 1 . White . 5, 8. Et. 8. W. Ind. . 1825 
spindM 2 . . White . 5, & Ey. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1793 

CnoMORO. See Podoodrpua cuprissinua 

Ch6na. See Erica. 

Cb6ndria, Agardh. From ehondroa^ a cartil- 
age ; on account of the fronds being cartila- 
ginous. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. CeramiduxoB. 
A very curious genus. All the species are 
found growing in the ocean. See Spruxrocdceus 
— angiista, articuUlta, clavelldsa, dasyph^Ua, 
kalif5rmisL obtiisa, ovklis, osmiinda, pinnati- 
fida, tenuissima. 

ChondrIlla, Linn. From efumdroa, a lump; 
the plants bear lumps of gummy matter on the 
stems. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat Or. Asterdcea^ 
Uninteresting plants ; the species grow best 

Slauted in a sandy soil, and are increased by 
iriding the roots— graminea, jiincea, latifblia. 
Chondrorhtncha, Linn. From chondrua, a car- 



tilage, and rhynchos, a snout ; form of lip of 
flower. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidduxce. 
Bulbless epiphytes, requiring the same treat- 
ment as Epiaendrum. 
rtteea . . . Bluah . 7, 8. Epi. 2 Merida . . 1842 

Chondr581UV. Kunth. From ehondros, a lump ; 
mode of plant's growth. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat 
Or. OramijUUecB. Synonymes: 1, AetiTidchioa 
prociimheMf Atfieropdgon proe&mhena ; 2, Acti- 
noehloa prostrdta^ BouUloiUi prostrata-^pro- 
cdmbens 1, prostriitum 2, t^nue. 

CaoKDROSPiRMUM, Wall. From ehondros, a 
lump, and sperma, a seed. Linn. 2, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. OUbcem. A rambling evergreen 
climbing shrub, with large leaves, and incon- 
spicuous greenish-yellow flowers. It requires 
tne same treatment as for Chiondnthiu, Syno- 
nymes: 1, (Jhiondnihus amilaci/blia, LigCa- 
trum laufifblium. 
amiladfdUum . Or. yeL 7, 8. Ev. CL 10 E. Ind. 1850 

Ch^ndrus. See PolymJbrpha. 

Chonem6rpha, Don, From ehoju^ a funnel, 
and marpha^ form ; shape of flowers. Linn. 

5, Or. 1, Nat Or. ApocyndceoB, For culture, 
&c., see EchtUs. 

pub^ecens . . White . 6, 8. Et. 8. E. Indies 1822 

Choopa. See Pierdrdia diUeis. 

ChordAria, Link. Named on account of the 
resemblance of the plants to a cord, from 
chordeaf a cord. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat Or. 
FucdLcea:. A very remarkable genus, found 
growing in the oce^n—JUigellifhrmis. 

Chorda-Filum or Sea Whiplash. See Chor- 
ddria. 

Chordorhiza, cord-rooted. 

CnoRkris, Herbert. From choretts^ rustic. Linn, 

6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Amarylliddeece. **This is 
a very beautiful bulbous-rooted plant, with a 
flower greatly resembling that of Ismbie^ from 
which genus ChorUia has been lately divided 
by Uie Hon. and Rev. W. Herbert. C. glaika 
\b a native of Mexico, whence it was imported 
by Geo. Barker, Esq., of Springfield, near 
Birmingham." 

glatlca . . . White . 8, a BL P. 1 Mexioo . 1887 
ChorIsma, D. Don. Linn, 19, Or. 1, Nat Or. 
AsUrdxsea. Synonymes: PrendnOus ripens, 
CTiorisia ripens. 

i^pens . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. Siberia . 1828 
ChorIspora, De Candolle. From choris, sepa- 
ratelv, and spora, a seed ; the seeds are sepa- 
rated, from each other in the pods. Linn. 15, 
Nat. Or. Brassicdcece, The species of this 
genus aro prettv, and only require sowing in 
the open ground, and treating like other hardy 
annuals. Synonymes : 1, Rdphanus Un6llus ; 
2, JL areudttis. 

tenAla 1 . . Purple . 8, H. A. 1 Siberia . 1780 
arcu&ta 2 . Purple . 8, H. A. { Siberia . 

ibMca, aibirica. 
Chor6zema. From ehoros^ a dance, and zema, 
a drink ; this name was suggested to Labillar- 
diere, who originally discovered the pUnts upon 
the south-west coast of New Holliuid, at the 
foot of the mountains, near a spot, where, 
after finding many salt springs, his party met 



CHO 



135 



CHR 



'witli an ample supply of freHh water. Linn. 1 0, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. PabdcuB. This is a very pretty 
genus, and C. Henchmdnni is really beautiful ; 
they grow from one to two feet high, and suc- 
ceed best in an equal mixture of peat, loam, 
and sand, and increase from cuttings, but the 
best plants are obtained from seed, which ripen 
in abundance. Synonymes: 1, Dillw^nia gly- 
dne/dlia; 2, C. JUva ; 3, MirUlia Bdxteri ; 
4. C. kUifbliu'tn^ ilegans. See Podoldbiwm, 
Daviisic^ Gastrolbbium, and Oxylhbium, 



mgnatitbHa, 1 . 

RUteriS . . 

oordAta 9 . . 

Aegans . . 

■pldndexu 

Dickadni . . 

HbgelU. . . 

fl&va . . . . 

Henchmtfnni . 

iUcifdliA. . . 

macroph^Ua . 

nervosa . . . 

n&na . . . . 

ovftta. . . . 
platyloboldea . 

rh6mbea . . 

ac&adoDB . . 

■pecttfbUia. . 

■partioldea . . 
trtangulare 

T&ria4 . . . 

Chandltei . 

graudiil6ia . 



TeLred . 3. G. 
YeUow . 5, G. 
Bed . . 4, G. 
Red yeL 4, G. 
SciT.yeL 4, G. 
Scar.yeL 7, G. 
Blue . . 5, G. 
YeUow . 4, G. 
Scarlet . 6, G. 
Yelred . 8, G. 
Red . . 4, G. 
Or. cr. ~ " 
YeL red 
Scarlet 
Yellow 
YeUow 
Yellow 
Or. red 
Yelred . B, G. 
Scarlet . 4, G. 
Or. red . S, G 
Red yeL 3. G. 
Or. scar. 3, G. 



. 9,G 
.4.G. 
.8,G. 
. 6, G. 
. 6,G. 
. 3, G. 
. 8, G. 



Ev. 8. H 
Et. S. 2 
Bv. S. 2 
Bv. a 2 
Ev. & 2 
Ev. 8. 8 
Ev. 8.2 
Ev. 8. 2 
By. 8. 2 
Ev. 8. 2 
Et. 8. 2 
Ev. 8 2 
Ev. 8. I 
Ev. 8. 1 
Ev. 8. 1 
Bv. 8. 2 
Ev. 8. 2 
Ev. 8. 2 
Bv. 8. ^ 
Ev. 8. } 
Ev. S.4 
Ev. 8. 3 
Ev. 8.8 



AuatraL 
N. HoL 
N. 8. W. 
N. 8. W. 
N. 8. W. 
SwanR. 
Swan R. 
N. HoL 
N. HoL 
N. HI. 
N. 8. W. 
SwanR. 
N. HoL 
N. HoL 
N. HoL 
K. HoL 
AuatraL 
N. HoL 
N. HoL 
N. HoL 
N. HoL 
BwanR. 
SwanR 



1830 
1824 



1836 



.1824 
. 1803 

!l851 
. 1803 
. 1830 
. 1825 
. 1803 
. 1824 
. 1840 
. 18S2 
.1830 



1839 



The garden varieties are numerous, and many 
of them beautiful. 

Choroz^HIA. See C?u)r6zema. 

Chou-caraib. See Xanthosdma sagiUifolia. 

Chou-rayb. See Br&ssica. 

CHRfsTEA. See LoUktea^ 

Christian killer. See Pirsica, 

Christmas daisies. See Aster. 

Christmas rose. See HelUborua n^er. 

Christ's eyb. See Fnula Oeidtu ChrUtL 

Christ's tuork. See PaliHrus. 

Chro6lepu8, Agardh, From cfvroos, skin, and 
lepOf to decorticate ; in allusion to the change 
undeigone by the inner membrane, which be- 
comes powdery. Idnn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
ConfervacecB. This curious genus is found 
growing on rocks, trees, and old walls — Amdt- 
tii, ebhieus, jUUhus^ lichenieoUif mes6melas, 
odordiits, rvhieCkndibs. 

Chrtsalis-ltke, like the chrysalis of an insect 

Chrysanth^llum, Richard. A diminutive of 
Chryndnthemwnu Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
Asteraceee. An uninteresting stoTe annual, 
that will grow well sown in any common soil. 
Synonyme: 1, VerbeMna miUica, CoU^ pro- 
c6mfte7M~prociimbens 1. 

Chrysanthemum, Linn, From chrysos, gold, 
and ant?U7non, a flower ; alluding to the colour 
of some of the flowers being yellow. Linn. 
19, Or. 2, Nat Or. AsUrdce^e. The species 
and varieties of this genus are very numerous 
and of great beauty, when a large quantity of 
them are grown together; the greenhouse 
species thrive well in any light soil, and younc 
cuttings root freely taken off young, and 
potted in sand under a glass. Syiumyme: 1, 
C indicum; 2, C. tricolor, Igmilia verileolor. 



absinthiifblium White 



White 
White 
.White 
.White 
.White 
.Whita 



. Wh.pur.8, H. 
. W.y.r.p.«, H. 
. YeL . 
.White 
.White 



Achlllsie 
aniSmalum. 
Arcticiuu . 
argteteum. 
atriLtum . . 

lob&tiim . 
carinfttum . 

pictum 2 . 
oorouirium 
daucifblium 
fimbri&tum 
sraminifolium White 
heteroph^llum White 
indicum. . . YoL . 
itflloum. . . Pa.yL 
lanceoRtum . White 

^m^"^ } White 
mum } 

mexic&num . White 

mon-spelidnse . White 

montftnum . White 

Mvcbnit . .YeL . 

paluddeum . White 



H.Her.P. 1 Siberia 
7, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . 
4l,F.Ev. 8. 1 Spain . 
7, H.Her.P. iKamtac. 
7, H.Her.P. 1 Levant 
7,H.Her. P. 1 Austria 
7. H.Her.P. (SwitserL 



.1824 
.1776 
.1811 
.1801 
.1731 
.1731 
.1819 
.1790 



A. UBarbary 
A. 1 Barbary 
8, H. A. 3 Sicily . . 1629 

7, H.Her. P. 1 . 1820 

8, H. Her. p. 

6, H.Her.P. I MontpeL .1739 

7, H.Her. P. I BwitserL . 1806 

9, H.Her.P. 2 China . . 
6, H.De. Tr.2 Italy . .179« 
d, H. Her. P. i Hungary . 1817 

6, H.Her. P. 2 Brit past 

8, H.Her. F. 1 Mexico . 1825 

7, H.Her. P. 1 MontpeL . 1739 
0. H.Her.P. 2 Prance . 1759 
7. H. A. 1 Italy . . 1775 
6, H.Her P. l^Barbaiy . 1810 

perpusfUum .White tf, H.Her.P. 1 France .1825 
pinnatffldum . White 7. O Bv. a 3 Madeira . 1777 
phmilum . .White 8, H. Jl \ .1800 

rtfdican« . .White 7, 0.Bv. 8. 1 Spain . .1818 
rotundifMium. White 6, H.Her. P. li Hnngazy . 1817 
SaltM . . .YeL . 6, OHer.P. 1 Hybrid. . 
B^tum . .YeL. 7, H. A. l|Brit.cm.f. 
sin^se . . .Vang. 10, H.Her.P. 3 China . . 1764 
sylvAitre . .White 6, H. Her. P. 2 .1804 

tmacetifbUum White 7, H.Her.P. 1 A. Minor. 1818 
tripATtltum 1 . YeL . 10, H.Her.P. 3 E. Indies. 1800 

Garden varieties. ^Thcse are too numerous to 
admit of even a selection, and many of them 
are exceedingly beautiful. 
Chrys&is, Lindley. After Chryseis, a celebrated 
Homeric beauty ; alluding to the colour of the 
flowers. Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Papave- 
rdceoi. The species of this genus are very 
handsome when in flower, and ou that ac- 
count well deserve a place in every flower-gar- 
den. They succeed well in any rich soil, and 
must be annually raised from seed sown on a 
gentle hotbed early in spring, and afterwards 
planted out in the open border, where they 
will produce their flowers and seeds in autumn. 
If there is any convenience for protecting the 
young plants during winter, the seed should 
be sown in autumn, as by that means the 
plants will flower much earlier and produce 
seeds with greater certainty. Synonymes : 1. 
£schsch6ltzia califlmica; 2, E. erocea; 8, 
£. futnaric^ia ; 4, B. ienui/dlia. 
calif6mica 1 . Yellow 9, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1626 
oomptfota . . Yellow 8, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1833 
ordcea 2 . . BaflnmS, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1833 
ftiroarlief61ia 3 YeUow 9, H. Tu. P. 1 Mexico . . 1827 
tenuif2>lia 4 . YeUow 8, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1855 

Chbts^is^ Lees. See Amberbba. 

ChbysifhIala. From chrysos, gold, and phiale, 
a goblet; in allusiou to the golden cup-like 
flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryl- 
UddLoec^ This is a pretty cenus of bulbs, that 
require to be grown in a light loam, and are 
increased by offsets. Synonyms: 1, Steno- 
nUssonJUtva. See Cob&rghia, 

orbcea . . . Copper 5, G. Bu. P. 1 8. Amer. . 1820 
ourvldentAte . Yellow 10, Q. Bu. P. 1 Peru . . 1826 
fljiva 1 . . . Orange 5, O. Bu. P. 1 Peru . . 1820 
paucifldra . . Onmge 5, O. Bu. P. \ Peru . . 1828 

CHBfsis. See Helidnthus, 

ChbysobXctron, CoUiwt. From chrysos, gold, 



CHR 



136 



CHR 



and haMroUf a stafF. Flowers rich yellow. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. LilidceoB. The species 
are natives of boggy places, and the pot in 
which the plant grows should stand half im- 
mei-sed in water. Increase is by division. 
Hookferl . . YeUow 6, G. Her. P. 1 N. Zealand 1848 

ChrysobalanIcks. Trees and shrubs found 
principally in the tropical regions of Africa 
and America. Many bear eatable fruit, much 
esteemed in the countries where they grow. 

ChrtsobJLlanus, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and balanoSf an acorn ; some of the species 
bear yellow fruit. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Chrysobalandcece. A genus of fruiting shrubs, 
succeeding best when grown in a mixture of 
loam and peat ; incrcas^ by layers or cuttings 
in sand, under a ^lass. In the W. Indies 
the fruit of C. Icdco is eaten, under the name 
of cocoa-plum. 

IcAco . . . White 8. Ev. S. 10 W. Indies . 1752 
oblongifdlius . White 5, G. Ev. S. 4 Geo^^ . . 1812 

ChrtsobIphus. See Anasctocfulus. 

Chrtbob6trta. See Eibes caucdsicum, tenui- 
JlbruMf andjldvum. 

ChrtsOcXltx. See Crotalhria. 

Chrtsoc^phalum, Walp. From chryaos, gold, 
and kepfmle, a head. Flowers. Linn. 19, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. AsterdcecR, Plants with the 
habit of Belichrpsumy and requiring the same 
treatment, 
aren&rium . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1} Australia . 

Chrys6coma, De Canddle. From ckrysos, gold, 
and konCf hair ; the stems are terminated by 
tufts of yellow flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. AsterdcecB. This is an ornamental genus 
of plants, the species growing from half a foot 
to six feet high ; they sncceed best in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and cuttings taken off 
when ripe, root freely under a glass. SeeE^- 
thdmia, OzothdmniLs. 

bifldra . . . Blue . 8. H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . , 1741 
cdmua . . . White 7, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. -G. H. . 1712 
ciliiris . . . White 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 0. G. H. . 1760 
ComaUrea . . YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. « C. G. H. . 1731 
dentlcuUta . YeL . 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 

'^i^'".^'':}Yel. .8,H.Her.P.2 Siberia. . 

LynoetrU , . Yol. . 9, H. Her. P. 2 Europe . 1696 

nivea . . . YeL . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1816 

nud&ta . . . Yel. . 9, H. Her. P. 1^ Carolina . 1818 

pituU . . . YeL . 7, Q. Ev. 8. 8 0. G. H. . 1810 

BC&bra . . . White 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1732 

■qtwnAta . . YuL . 6, G. Hor. P. 2 N. 8. W. . 1837 

T?15f? • • • J*'!- • ®' ^- H^"^- ^- 1 Hungary . 1799 

vingrita . . . YeL . 9, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. . 1821 

CHRTsdaONUM, Linn. From ehrysos, gold, 
and gonu, a knee or joint; the flowers are 
generally produced at the joints of the stem. 
Linn. 19, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Asterdceas. This is 
a very pretty herbaceous plant, that thrives 
best in peat and loanr, and is increased by di- 
viding the roots. See Le&rUice Chrya6gonum. 
viiiginlAnum . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. } N. Amer. 

CHRTSOPHfLLUM, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and phyllon^ a leaf; in allusion to the under 
surface of the leaves being covered with dense 
shining hairs of a bright yellow colour. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapotdcece. This is a fruit- 
bearing genus ; the species grow from fifteen 
to fifty feet high, and one species, C. macro- 



phpllum^ attains the height of one hundred 
feet, with most splendid foliage ; they do well 
in a mixture of loam and peat ; and cuttings 
of the ripened wood root freely in sand under 
a glass, with a good moist heat See BumHia, 
and NycUrisUion, 

angustifdlium . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1819 

arffdnteum . . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 25 Martinq. 1758 

Coinlto . . . White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 60 W. Ind. . 1737 

caertdeum . . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 85 8. Amer. 1737 

Jamaicdnso . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 35 Jamaica. 1737 

microph^llum White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 35 8. Amer. 1800 

gUbnim . . . White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 10 Martinq. 1823 

macroph^Uum. White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 100 8. Leone 1824 

monopyrfenum. Brown. 6, 8. Ev. T. 26 W. Ind. . 1812 

ChrysophIala. See Cob&rghia incamdUa. 
CflRYSOPbGON, THniu8. From chryaos, gold, 

and pogwi^ a beard ; in allusion to the yellow 

awns. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. QraminAcea, 
■ An uninteresting grass, that only needs to be 

sown in any common soil. Synonyrrus : 1, 

Androplbgon gr^llus, B6lcus grpUus, Pollinia 

grpllus — gryllus 1. 
ChrY8(5fsi8, Don. From chrysos, gold, and 

op5w, a face ; yellow flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 

Nat. Or. AsUrdLcecR. For culture, ic, see 

Inula. 

trichoph^lla . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. N. Amer. 1827 
ChrysorhIza. See Aforinda. 
Ohrysorrh6e, Lindley. From ehrysoSf gold, 

colour of flowers, and rluo, to flow. lAnn. 10, 

Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ch4im(xlauciiLc€e. For culture, 

&c., see M^tus. See Verticdrdia. 

nltens . . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. 8. 8wan R. . 

serrilta . . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. a 8wan R. . 1841 

Chrybospl&kium, Linn. From ckrysos, gold, 
and splen, the spleen; in reference to tiia 
colour of iiiQ flowers, and tiie supposed medi- 
cinal virtues of the plant. Linn. 10, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. SaxifragAcetK. This is a curious and 
rather pretty genus; the^ require a moist 
situation. Our native species are found in the 
^eatest perfection upon the banks of small 
rivulets ; increased by dividing the roots. 
altemif61ium. YeUow 4, H. Her. P. i Brit. w. ah. pL 
nepal^nue . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. } Nepal . . 1820 
oppositifdlium Yellow 4, H. Her. P. } Brit. w. sh. pL 

Chrysost^mma, Leasing. From ehrysos, gold, 
and stemma, a crown ; alluding to the colour 
of the flowers. Linn, 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Aaterdieea. This very pretty species deserves 
to be cultivated in every flower-border. For 
culture and propagation see Core6psis, Syno^ 
nyme : 1, Core&psis iripteris, 
tripteris . . Yellow . 8, H. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. 1887 

Chrys<5stoua. See MentzHia. 

Chrys6themis, Don. Named after Chryso- 
themlB, daughter of Agamemnon. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat Or. Gesneracece. A genus sepa- 
rated from Besl&ria. Culture is the same as for 
Besl^ria and Gloxinia. Synonymes: 1, Bea- 
Uria pvZMlla; B, meliaaatfblia, AllopUctua 
mellitifUia. 

aurantlaca . Yellow . 7, 8. Her. P. 2 Antilles . 1849 
venfesa 1 . .YeL pur. 7, 8. Her. P. 4 W. Ind. . 1830 

CHRYstTRXTS, Peraoon. From chryaoa, gold, and 
oura, a tail ; alluding to the compact heads of 
flowers. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat Or. Cframindcece. 



CHU 



137 



CIN 



Thifl ifi a genus of grasses, some of which are 
very ornamental ; they only require to be sown 
in any common soil. Synonymes: 1, 0. qpwsiiro- 
tdes, CynosiiTus aureus; 2, Cynosurus Uegans. 
efiRkstu . . . Apetal . 7, H. Grass I 8. Europe 1824 
Regans 2 . . Apetal . 7, H. Oraas 1 8. Europe 1816 
atireus 1, echinJitus. 
Chu-Lan. See CMordnihus eldtior. 
ChuMBELKE. See Jasmlnum grandijlbrum. 
ChdquirIoa, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Astcracea. For culture, see BacdaUi. 
inalgnig . . Tellow . 6, O. Ev. S. 2 8. America 1824 
Churras. See CdnnaMs saitva. 
Chussal6nga. See EupcUdrium glulin^sum. 
ChymocArpus, 2>. Don, From ehymo8, juice, 
and carpos, a seed-vessel ; fruit juicy. Linn, 
8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. TrqpcBolaceoB, See Tro- 
pdbolum. 
Cntsis, Lindley, From chysis, melting; be- 
cause the pollen-masses are as it were fused 
together. Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
ihidAcece. These are splendid and very rare 
species. In their native countries they are 
found growing suspended by long fibrous roots 
from the branches of trees, so that the pseudo- 
bulbs, which grow to a great length (and 
which are also very brittle), hang downwards, 
and wave in the wind. The flowers are very 
showy, the colours bright, the texture firm, 
and the surface even and waxy. The label- 
lums aro beautifully marked. They succeed 
well with the treatment recommended for the 
genus Vanda, Synonyme ; 1, C. a/itrea Lim- 
minghi. 

a!u«a . . . YeL crim. . 4, 8. BpL 1 Vene«iela 1834 
xnacul&ta . Y. p. sp. . 8, 8. Epi. 1 Colombo . 1850 
bract^scens . Wb. yel . 4, 8. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1840 
Ubvis . . .YeL spot . 8, 8. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1839 
limmingbl 1 Ko.yel.wbt 3, 8. EpL 1 
CHYTRActTLLA. See OcUyptrdnthes Ckytraallia, 
CiBARioUS, good for food, esculent. 
Cib6tidm, KaiUfuss, From kibotos, a little 
chest ; in reference to the form of the indu- 
sium. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodi^tiz. 
C, BiUardOn is a tree fern from N. Holland, 
where it grows to the height of thirty feet ; it 
requires to be grown in a mixture of loam and 
peat, and is increased by dividing the roots. 
Synanymea : 1, AspUiium Bar&metz, Cibdtium 
glaudseent, C. glaucum, Folyphdium Bard- 
metz, Nephrddium Bwrdmelz; 2, Dicksinia 
anidrctica. 

Bar<SmetB 1 . Bro. yel. . 6, 8, Her. P. 2 Qiiflft . 1824 
Billarditoi2. Bro^ra . 4, O. Her. P. 80 N. HoL . 1824 
princeps . . Brown . 4, 8. Her. P. 
BcbiMei . . Brown . 4, 8. Her. P. 2 Mexico. 1846 
CfocA, Linn. Supposed to be a man's name. 
Linn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Euphorbidceaf. It is 
a fruit-tree, growing to the height of twenty 
feet ; it thrives best in sandy loam, and strong 
cuttings root freely if planted with their leaves 
on in sand, under a glass. 

dlflticba . . Green . 6, 8. Et. T. 20 B. Indies . 1796 
Cicely. See Ckoerophpllum. 
CicliNDiA, Adcmson, Linn. 4. Or. 1, Nat Or. 

Oentianicea. See Exhcum and MicrocdU, 
CicBR, TaumeforL From kykiSt force, or 
strength ; in reference to its qualities. Linn. 



17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fdbhceas, Tl^ls genus is 
cultivated in the south of Europe for the same 
purpose as the lentil in this country ; it only 
requires to be sown in common soil, but it is 
too delicate for field culture in this country. 
' See ^rvum, 
arietlnum , . Purple. 7, H. A. 1 8. Eur. . 1548 
punctitum . Pu. wh. 7, H. A. 1 .1830 

soug^cum . Blue . 7, H. A. 1 Persia . 1828 

CicER. See Astr&galus Cicer, 

Cich6rium, Linn, The Greeks adopted this 
name from the Egyptians. Xi?in..l9, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AsUracecs. This is a genus of unin- 
teresting plants, with the exception of 0, En' 
dlviaf Timich is very valuable as a salad ; the 
tender species should be sown on a hotbed, 
and afterwards transplanted. 
Endlvia . . Blue . . 7, H. A. 2 E. Ind. 1548 

Tntybus . . Blue . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Brit gravel 

divaricktum, pdmilum, spinftsum. 

Cic5NinM, Stieet, From ciconia^ a stork ; same 
meaning as .Pelargonium. Linn. 16, Or. 4, 
Nat Or. Oeranideece, See Pelargonium. 

CictTTA, Linn. A name of doubtful meaning, 
used by PUny. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apidcece. The species of this genus are of 
little interest, growing from one to three feet 
high ; they delight in a humid situation, and 
are easily raised from seeds. The roots of C, 
virbsa are poisonous. See Firula, 
macul&ta . Wbite . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 176© 
virdea . , Wbite . 7, H. Her. P. S Brit, ditches 
bulbifera, dailrica. 

Cider is the expressed juice of apples. 

CiLiJS, hairs like those of the eyelash. 

CiliAria. See Saxifrdga. 

Ciliary-scabrous, having rough ciliated mar- 
gins. 

Ciliately-toothed, having teeth like the hairs 
of the eyelash. 

CiLTATELY-PLUMOSE, having long hairs on the 
edges, like the feathers of a quill. 

CiMlcfYUOA, Zdnn. From cimexy a bug, and 
fugo, to drive away ; referring to the virtues 
which the plants are supposed to possess. 
Linn. 18, Or. 6, Nat Or. Banunculdceoi. A 
curious genus ; the species grow from two to 
four feet high. They thrive well in any com- 
mon soil, and are increased by seeds, or by di- 
viding the roots. Synonymes: 1, Aci^ po- 
docdrpa; 2, A. cimidfuga. 
americtoa 1 . Wbt yel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 CaroUna . 1824 
cordif&lia . Wbt yeL 6, H. Her. P. S N. Amer. 1812 
fdstida 2 . . Lgt yeL . 6, H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1777 
palm&ta . . Wbt yel. 7, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1812 
SexpentArla . Wbt yoL «, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1732 

Cinch6na, Linn. In honour of the Countess 
de Cinchon, vice-queen of Peru, who was cured 
of a fever in 1638 by this remedy. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat Or. Cinckondcece. It is from this 
genus that the celebrated Peruvian bark is ob- 
tained ; it is not common in collections, owing 
to its being rather difficult to keep. The best 
soil for it is loam and peat ; and cuttings, if 
taken off when ripe, and planted in a pot of 
sand, under a glass, in heat, will strike. 5y- 



CIN 



138 



CIN 



fwnymes: 1, C. Condamlnea^ lancifolia, oca- 
cUmieOt Quinquina. See I[ymenodictyo7i,, Lu- 
etUicL^ ExoaUmma, 

Calis&ya . . Bo. wht 7, 8. Ev. S. 6 Peru . . 184S 
offidiuUis 1 . Red . . 7. 8. Et. T. 16 Peru . . 1810 
aoSbn . . . Red . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Peru . . 1820 

GlKCHONi.CK£. A large order, consisting of 
trees, shrubs, and herbs, natives of the hottest 
parts of the world. Some possess powerfiil 
medicinal properties, others produce eatable 
fruit, and others are used for food. All are 
interesting. 

ClNCLlD^TUS, Beauvois, From higklis, lattice, 
and odoust a tooth ; the teeth of the peristome 
are united in parcels, in a peculiarly netted 
manner. Linn, 24, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Bryaeece, 
A pretty genus, belonging to Museif found 
growing in streams of fresh water. Synonyms : 
1, FojiiifUUis minor — fontiualoides 1. 

CinerAria, Linn. From cineres, ashes ; refer- 
ring to the soft white down which covers the 
surfaces of the leaves. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. A sterdcecB. This is a pretty genus of plants, 
the species of which grow generally from one 
to three feet high ; they thrive best in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and young cuttings root 
freely under a glass. See Agathdsa, PericdlliSj 
SenecUliSf and Senicio. Synonymea : 1, Senido 
raeemdsits; C. amHffua, nebrocUnsi^a ; 2, C. par- 
viflora; 8, Cooirinsis; 4, C. inUffri/blia, Ion- 
gifblia ; 6, LiguUiria macrophplla. 

AitoniAiUk . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1 
Aba .... White. 8, G. Bv. 8. 1 C. O. H. . 1825 

alpdstrls . . . Tellow 5, H. Her. P. \ 8wtserld. 1819 

alplna. . . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. {8wtBerld. 1819 

americ&na . . Yellow 7, a Ev. & 7 Grenada . 1826 

angUBtifdlia. . Yellow 7, G. Et. 8. 11 Mexico . 1826 

aunmtlaca . .Granges, H. Her. P. |8wt«u'ld. 1819 
atirea .... Yellow 7. H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1827 

auricuUta . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 8 .1881 

aurlta. . . . Purple 6. G. Er. 8. I| Madeira . 1777 

Uoolorl . . . Yellow 7, G. Ey. 8. 2 Austria . 

cacaloldee . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1818 

oamp^stris . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. | Europe . 

canad^nsla . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Canada . 1789 

can^soens 2 . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 G. G. H. . 1790 

cauctfaica . . YeUow 7, G. Her. P. 1| C. G. H. . 1760 

oraaaif&Iia ft . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Carlnthia 1827 

orlspa. . . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 2 8wt2erld. 1818 

oru6nta . . . Purple 2, G. Ev. 8. 2 Canariea . 1777 

discolor . . . White. 7. 8. Ey. 8. 4 Jamaica . 1804 

elAtior . . . White. 7, G. Her. P. 6 

geifblitt . . . YeUow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . IHO 

gigantte . . . White. 7, H. Her. P. 1* CapeHm. 1801 

ffUbrita . . . YeUow 7. 8. Et. 8. 14 Jamaica . 1822 

humiitua . . YeUow 7, G. Her. P. | C. G. H. . 1754 

h^briA.ia . . . YeUow 2. G. Bv. 8. 2 

tnc&na . . . YeUow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2^ Jamaica . 1823 

IntegrifdUa . . YeUow 6, H. Her. P. I EnsL oha. pa. 
Uctea .... White. 6, G. Bv. 8. 8 . 1816 

lan&ta. . . . Purple 6, G. Ev. 8.8 Canaries. 1780 

bavigita . . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1819 

lob&ta . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1774 

longifdUa . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Austria . 1792 

ftdda. . . .Yellow 7, a Ev. 8.2 W. Ind. . 
macroph.fUa& . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. Altai mts. 1881 

malvBf6Ua . . Yellow 8, G Her. P. 2 Asores . 1777 

marftima . . Yellow 8, H. Ev. & 2 8. Eur. . 1633 

palfistris . . . YeUow 6, H. Her. P. 8 Eng. marsh, 

pappdsa . . . YeUow 7. H. Her. P. } GaUioia . 1821 

parvifl&ra . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1820 

Fettbltes . . YeUow 2, G. Ev. 8. 8 Mexico . 1812 

pIatanIf6Ua . . YeUow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 

populif&Ua . . Red . 7, G. Ev. a 2 Canaries . 1780 

prJbcox . . . YeUow 2, G. Bv. & U Mexico . 1824 

pulchdlla . . Purple 2, G. Ev. 8. liCauaries . 1818 

. . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus. 1820 



renif61ia . . . YeUow 6, H. Her. P. l\ Russia . 1833 
riviU&ris . . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary. 1816 
salicif6Ua . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2\ Mexico . 18>7 
scapifldra . . Yell-iw 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1829 
sibMca . . . YeUow 7. H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1784 
spatuliefdlia 4 . YeUow 6, H. Her. P. } Germany. 1829 
QMcidsa . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 6 Siberia . iS15 
sud^ca . . . YeUow 7, H. Her. P. 1^ Swtwsrld. 1819 
tussllagiuoldes 

^1^ . ?^ I Red . 4. G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid. . 1836 
veetita '.*.*. YeUow G. Ev. 8. 1* C. G. H. . 1824 
vlscdsa . . . YeUow 7, G. B. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

WebberiAna . Dp. bL 3, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid. . 1841 
Oarden varieties. — Of these there are a great 
number, amongst which may be mentioned, 
Baronesse de Rothschild, Delicata, Ddight, 
Duchesse de Brabant, Earl Clarendon, Em- 
peror of French, Lady Camoys, Lord Pal- 
merston, Magnum Bonum. MnkHoyle, Optima, 
Prince Albert, Prince of Wales, Regalia, &c. 

OinerjLria. See Arctdtu Cinerdria and Cen- 
(auria Ginerhria. 

Cinereous, coloured like ashes, grey. 

CiNEREOUSLY-CANESCENT, between white and 
ash-coloured. 

CiNEREOUSLY-OLAUCOUS, between sea-green and 
ash-coloured. 

CiNBRBOUSLY-PUBESCENT, covei-cd with giey 
pubescence. 

CiNQALBSB, inhabitants of, or belonging to 
Ceylon. • 

CInma, Linn, The ancient name of a grass 
growing in Cilicia. Linn. 1, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Oramindceos. This is a curious grass, that 
succeeds well sown in any common soil. See 
Trich^chloa. 
arundlnlioea . . Apetal 6, H. Grass 3 Canada . 1799 

CiNKAMODl^NDRON. See Canilla axUl&ris. 

Cinnam5mOM, B» Brown. Derived from the 
Arabic, kinamony cinnamon. lAnn. 9, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. Laurdcea. This is a genus of stove 
plants of considerable beauty, and some of 
them are highly valuable. It is from the 
inner bark of C. virum that the cinnamon of 
commerce is obtained ; and C. cdmphoraiB the 
plant from which camphor is prepared. All 
the species succeed well in a mixture of loam 
and peat; and cuttings of the ripened wood 
root freely in sand under a glass. Synonymea : 
1, LaHrua Beiolgdta ; 2, L. cAmphora ; 3, L. 
edaaittf L. cinTiamdmum; 4, L. Qulildban; 5, 
L, daicef L. Burmdnni; 6, X. glaika; 7, L. 
grdeilia; 8, L. MaUMirum; 9, L. monidna; 
10, L. nUida ; 11, L. dnnamdmvmj edssia. 
Beiol«:dta 1 . Yel. gm. 5, 8. Ev. T. S£ E. Ind. . 1818 
Qhnphon 2 . Gn. wbt. 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 Japan . 1727 
Citesia 8 . . Yel. gm. 6, a Ev. T. 50 Ceylon . 1763 
Cum&ban4 . YeL gm. 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1828 
dtklce 6 . . . WhtyeL 6. 8. Ev. T. 40 E. Ind. . 1820 
glatxcum 6 . Pa. yeL . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Japan . 1800 
grtfdle 7 . . YeL gm. 6, 8. Ev. T. 30 E. Ind. . 1820 
Slalab&trum 8 Yel. gm. 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1806 
monUnum 9 . Wht. gn. 5, 8. Ev. T. 40 W. Ind. 1810 
nitidum 10 . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. SO E. Ind. . 18*23 
vbrum 11 . . Green . 7, S. Bv. T. 80 B. Ind. . 1768 

Cinnamon. See Cinnamdmum virum. 
Cinnamon of Isle of France. See Oreoddphne 

eupularia. 
Cinnamon of Santa F^. See NeOdndra cinna- 

momoldes. 
Cinnamon of Ceylon. See Cinnamdmum Cdsaia. 



CIN 



139 



CIR 



CiNQUEFOiL. See PoterUUla, 

CiP^RA. See M&rica. 

ClRcJfcA, Linn, After Circe, the famous en- 
cliaDtress ; the fruit, from being covered with 
hooked prickles, hiys hold of the clothes of 
passengers, as Circe is suid to have done by 
her enchantments. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or, 
OnagrdctoR, Ornamental species, growing in 
any common soil, and increased by offsets, 
alplna . . . Red . 7, H. Her. P. \ Brit, mounts. 
intenuMia . Red . 7, H. Her. P. { Europe . 1821 
lutetiAna . . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Brit woods. 

CiRGiBAcKfi. See Onagracea, 

CiBCiNAL, resembling a circle. 

CiRCiNATE, curled round like a sh^ep crook. 

GiRciNATELY-RSVOLUTE^ curled round like a 
circle. 

CirrbAa, Lindley. The part of the flower 
called the rostellum is prolonged in the form 
of a small tendril or cirrhua ; hence the name. 
Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orehidbeea. This 
is an interesting genus of orchideous plants. 
The flowers of aU tne species are of a green or 
yellowish colour ; and in some, the sejials and 
petals are beautifully spotted with rich orange, 
ror culture and propagation see Stanh^pea. 
Synonymes: 1, Cymbidium depincUns; 2, Cfon- 
g6ra i^ridi-purpitrea ; 8, C. fUsco-liUea, 
flbo-yfridiB . . Wbt gm. A. B. Epl. i BrasQ . 
. Drk. pur. 4, 8. Epl. | Mexico 
. Yel. gm. . 7, a. Epi. 1 Bradl 
. YeUowBh. 5, S. Epi. } Brasil 
. Yel red . 9, 8. EpL 



atropurpbrea 
ffifloo-ltitea . 
LoddigteUl 
obtua&ta . . 
piQlida . . 
pfcta 



Pale 
Bm.pur. 



rtibro-puiptuiea Red piu-. 
RujBsefliADA. 



6, 8. Epi. 
6, 8. EpL 
6, 8. Epi. 
6, 8. Epi. 
8, 8. EpL 

5, 8. BpL } BrasU 

6, 8. BpL I Mexico 



Rio Jan. 
Bradl. 
BrasU. 
Brazil. 
Bradl. 
BrazU . 



1838 

1834 
1827 
1835 
1837 
1830 
1838 
1837 
1834 
1836 
1834 



1827 
1888 



. Om. red 
1 8 . . YeL gm. 
■qiUQens. . .Pale . 
trlstie. . . . Pur.grn. 

^^I*"^**".} Pur.grn.. e,a EpL I BraxU. 
WarreAna' .' . Yelsh. gn. «, 8. EpL ( Bruil 

CiRRBiFEROUS» bearing tendrils, or claspers. 

ClRRHOPliTALUM, LindUy. From cirrhvSf a ten- 
dril, and pdalon, a petal ; in allusion to the 
form of the flowers, Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchiddcece. C. Thoudrsii is a most singular 
species, with long, strap-shaped sepals, grow- 
ing from one side of the flowers, while the 
petals are very small, yellow, spotted finely 
with red. The rhizoma of this species elon- 
gates very much, and is in a growing state 
always at the extremity ; on this account it is 
requi-site, in potting, to keep the active part 
nearest the side of the pot from which it 
grows away. The other species have much 
smaller flowers, without anything striking 
about them. For culture, &c., they may be 
referred to Stanhopea. Synonymes : 1, Ephip- 
pium cilHUum; 2, E, capUMumj 8, E. cam- 
prisaum; 4, E. elongdium; 6, Bolboph^llum 
longijlhrwnit Zygogldssum umbelldtum, 
anteDnlferum Brown . . 6, 8. EpL I Philiptma 1843 
aurfttum . . YeLcrlm. . 8, 8. Epi. } Manilla . 1840 
Bltmei . . . YeL red . 8, 8. BpL 1 Java . . 1843 
oflBspitteum . Pa. yeL . 4. 8. £^ | Khooeeea. 18:}7 
candeULbrum. Straw pur. 7, 8. EpL 1 Manilla . 1840 
capit&tum S . YeL omg. . 6, 8. EpL \ Java . . 1843 
chin^nee . . Pur. yeL . 6, 8. EpL { China . . 1840 
oompr^mom 8 Pur. yeL . 4, 8. EpL | Java . . 1843 
oombtum . . Purple . . 8, 8. BpL 1 Khooeeea. 1837 




. Ruby eoL 
. Red yeL 
. Qm. pur. 
. Bm. yeL 
. Pale gm. 
. Bm. ycL 



6, 8. EpL i Philippna. 1839 
5. 8. EpL 1 Java . . 1843 
4, 8. EpL ^ Bombay 



4, 8. EpL 
6, 8. EpL 
4, 8. Epi. 



, Spot pink 6, 8. EpL 
, Pale straw 6, 8. Epi. 
, Pur. red . 8, 8. EpL 

. YeUow • 

, YeL bm. 
, Om. bm.. 
.Pa. yeL 
. Brown. 



X Ceylon . 1831 
i India . . 1840 

i Philippna. 1843 
Singapore 1839 
Manilla . 1838 
£. Ind. . 1838 
fi, & EpL 1 E. Ind. . 1843 

7, 8. EpL 1 Soc. lales. 18.^8 
4, 8. Epl. 1 IndU . . 1838 
4, S. EpL 4 Singapore 1843 

8, 8. EpL I' 



[Nepaul 
having claspers, 



1837 

Uke 



CiRRHOSB, ) tendrilled, 

CiRRHOUS, S the pea. 

CfRSiUM. See ChamcBpeike. 

CiRSlUM, VaillanL From kiraoBf a swelled vein ; 
from its supposed healing properties. Linn. 
19, Or. 1, iHat. Or. Asterdcece, This is an 
ornamental genus of hardy herbaceous plants, 
that succeed well in any common soil, and are 
increased by dividing tlie roots, or by seeds. 
Synonymes : 1 , Cnieiu A cdma, CarUna A carna ; 
2, Cdrduus proUhms; 8, C, arvinaiii, Serrd- 
tiUa arvSnoii ; ifCmcus k&rridut ; 6, Cirnum 
Mrridus ; 6, Omgu* nivdlis ; 7, Cdrdwu cieho- 
rdeeut; 8, Onicus q/narotdea ; 9, Cdrduus Jim- 
bridtm; 10, Cdrduus gigdnUus,Cnkcu8 fir mm; 
11, (TniciM eldUor; 12, CvMut heteromdUua ; 
13, Onicua hphridus; 14, Cdrduus ignidrius ; 
15, Cnici« tTiA-mM/ 16, Cdrduus itdlicus ; 17, 
Cnlcus lanceoldtus ; 18, Chueus leucadphalus ; 
19, Cdr(h4vmusinare6ticu8 ,' 20, Cnlcus nUdius ; 
21, Cnieusgldber; 22, Cnteus orieiUdlis ; 23, 
Cn\eus paluddsus ; 24, Carduits palHstris ; 25, 
Cdrduus paniciddtus ; 26, Crt^eus paucijlorus ; 
27, Cnicus pazcuarhisis ; 28, Cnlcus pimuMfi- 
dus; 29, Carduus polydnthemus ; 80, Cnkus 
p&ngens; 81, Cdrduus pyrena^cus ; 82, Cnicus 
salisburginsis; 83, CarUna Echinus ; 84, Cnleus 
atridus'; 85, C. VeriUus; 86, Cdrduus virgin- 
idnm. See Heracdniha, LeuzeOy and Chamas- 
pedes. 

Ac&raa 1 . . Purple . 8, H. A. 2 Spain . . 1883 

aoahle . . . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Brit. past. 
&f mm . . . Purple . 0, H. B. 9 Barbur . 1800 

altfaaimnm . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. . 1728 
amblguum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Mt Genis 1820 
angtiiatum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1810 
arachnoldeoxn Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Tauria . 1818 
bdbtlcum 6 . . YeUow. 7, H. Her. P. 3 Spain . . 1824 
Bortollni 4 . YeUow. 7, H. Her. P. 8 Italy . . 1820 
dmum . . . Purple . 7, H. BL P. 4 Austria . 1838 
oamidlicum . Pa. yeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 Camiola . 1792 
Ca8Bab6niB . Purple . 7. F. B. 3 8. Eur. . 1714 

c6muum . . Piuple . 7, H. B. 8 Mexico . 1827 

Cervlni . . . Purple . 7. H. Her. P. 2 SwltaerL . 1826 
cichorikoeum 6 Purple . 8, F. B. 3 Nai^lee . 1818 

eihatum . . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . 1787 
oynaraldes 7 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Crete . . 1827 
dealb&tum . Pur|)le. 7, H. B. 8 Caucaaua. 1820 

de8ert2>ram . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . 1824 
diacltnthuin . Purple. 7, ¥* B. 3 Syria . . 1800 

discolor . . Purple . 6, H. B. 2 N. Amer. 1803 

echin&tum . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Barbary . 1817 
echinoctfph- > pu^pie . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus . 1828 

elid^ 8* .' . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 8 . 1823 

eridphorum . Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Brit ch. pa. 

EriMthalea . Pa. yeL 7. H. Her. P. 3 France . 1752 
firox . . . White . 7, H. B. 8 8. Eur. . 1883 

flmbriAtum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Caucaeua. 1816 
giiAnt6um 10 . Crim. . 7, H. B. 6 Sicily . 

glutinbeum . Pa. yeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. 
Qmellni . . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 8 Ruaala 
Halite! . . .Purple.7, H-Her.P. 4 8. Eur. .1818 



1820 
1818 



CIS 



140 



CIS 



helenioldes . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1804 

^J^P^^^- [ Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Brit, hills. 

hdrriduml2 . Purple . 8, H. B. 1 Iberia . .1823 

htbridum IS . Pa. yeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 Switeerld. 1819 
igni&num 14 . Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Ruatda . 1826 

indmum . . Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Caucasus . 1820 

to^nne 15 . . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 8 . 1824 

itflicuzn 10 . Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Ttolv . . 1815 

Itfcteum . . Pa yel. 7, H. Her. P. S Switzorld. 1819 
lanceoUktuml7 Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Britain, banks, 

lauifldrum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Tauria . 1819 
lappiiceum . Pivple . 7, H. B. S Caucasus. 1821 

l^Ji^P^^ } YeL wt 7, H. Her. P. 2 Crete . . 1816 

maredtlcum 19 White . 7, P. Her. P. 2 Eenrnt . . 1827 
mMium 20 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Piedmont 1819 
mexicinum . White . 9, O. B. 4 Mexico . 1887 

mite .... Parple . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . 1820 

"ito^^"' } ^^^^ ' •» ^- ^^^' ^' * "°^*P* • ^^^ 
znunltum . . Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 8 Caucasxis. 1816 
mhticum 21 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 1820 
negl^tum. . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1827 
nudiilbrum . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Switeerld. 1817 
obvalULtum . Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 8 Caucasus. 1816 
. ochTolehcum . Pa. yeL 7, H. Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1801 
oledkeum . . Pa. yoL 7, H. Her. P. 3 Europe . 1570 
orgyiLle . . . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 6 . 1823 

onontile 22 . Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Asia Min. 1827 

palud66um 23 Purple . 7. H. Her. P. 8 Switserld. 1819 

^JSls! . } I*^^« • «» «• ^- 2 8- »»^>"- • 1^81 

pauclfl0rum26 Purple . 7, H. B. 8 Hungary . 1816 

P^J^-jY } Purple. 7, H. B. 8 Mexico . 1827 

^dum*28" . 1 ^'Pl^ • ^' ^- ^ ^ SP^ • • ^^2^ 

^mSSJ»" I ^^ • ^' °- ^ 2 Rome . . 1739 

pttogens 30 . Purple . 7. H. B. 8 8. Eur. . 1820 

pyrenidcumSl Purple . 7. H. Her. P. 8 Pyrenees. 1816 
rigens . . . YeUow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 SwitaerL . 1776 
rivuUkre . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Hungary. 1804 
rhizoc^halum Pa yeL 6, H. Her. P. 9 Caucasus. 1836 
rufdscens . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Pyrenees. 1816 

^^^^■g .} Purple. T,H. Her. P. 8 Europe .1816 
8clertbithum33Pawht 7, H. B. 2 Caucanis. 1820 

**5tSm^. j P«^^l>*- ^ H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . 1819 
serratuloldes . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 8 Siberia . 1762 
serrul&tum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Tauria . 1819 
setAsum . . Purple . 6, H. A. 1 Silesia . 1822 

■?iJ??i***^' } Pa. yeL 7, H. Her. P. 8 SwitaerL . 1769 

mum . . J "" 
squarrdsimx . Purple . 7, H. B. 3 Siberia . 1818 

stolUtum . . Purple. 6, H. A. 2 Italy . . 1665 

striatum 34 . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Naples . 1819 
strigteum . . Puri>le . 8, H. B. 2 Caucasus . 1825 

syrlacum , . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1771 
tatiricum . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1775 
tuborbsum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Eng. woods, 
uliginbeum . Purple. 6, H. Her. P. 8 Caucasus. 1820 
Tertitum 35 . Purple . 7, H. B. 4 Nepal . . 1320 

virginiAnum36 Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Virginia . 1824 

dnglicum 2, arv4nse 8, PorsUri, paliistre 24. 
CisSAMFELOS, Lintu From kissoSf ivy, and 
ampeloSf a vine, haTing the character of the 
ivy in its rambling branches, and that of the 
vine, from the fruit being in racemes. Linn. 
22, Or. 13, Nat Or. MmispermAcea. This is 
a genns of bcaatiful .stove climbers ; the species 
thrive well in a saii'ly peat, and are increased 
by cuttings plant cil in sand, under a glass. 
See Menisp6rmum. 

caap^ba. . . Green . 7 S. Ev. Tw. 4 8. Amer. . 1733 
capiSnsis . . Green . T, Q. Ev. Tw. 6 C. G. H. . 1775 
hlishta . . . Tl.gm. 7, G. Ev. Tw. 6 Nepal . . 1819 
mauritiAna . YLgm. 1, S. St. Tw. 6 Maurittus 1824 



microc&rpa . Yl.gm. 7; S. Ev. Tw. 6 W. Ind. . 1823 
Parelia . . . Green . 7, S. Ev. Tw. 6 S. Amer. . 1733 

Cfssus, Linn. From the Greek, kissoSf ivy ; 
said also to come from the Arabic word, qiasoa, 
signifying the same plant. Linn, 4, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. VUdcece. This is a genus of dimbers, 
some of the species of which are very orna- 
mental ; they are free growers, and delight in 
a light rich soil. Cuttings are easily rooted 
under a glass in a moist heat See Ampeldpsis. 
Synanyme : 1^ C. ?ieterophplla. 
iddak . . . Green 6, 8. Ev. CL 6 Jamaica . 1692 
antirctica . . Green 7, G. Ev. CL 20 N. 8. W. . 1790 
cap^sis . . Green 7, G. Ev. CL 25 C. G. H. . 1792 
cdraia . . . Green 6, 8. Ev. CL 12 8. Leone . 1822 
discolor . « Green 8» 8. Ev. CI. 15 Java. . . 1854 
diTerstfdUa 1 . Gttwn 7, S. Ev. CL 10 . 1822 

clongJita . . Green 7, G. Ev. CL 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
glanduldea . Green 7» 8. £v. CL 10 E. Ind. . 1819 
glahca . . . Green 7, 8. Ev. CL 10 E. Ind. v. 1818 
marmdrea . . Green 6, S. Ev. CL 6 Java . . . 1852 
ov&ta . . . Green 6, 8. Ev. CL 10 Giiadaloup. 1822 
pentaph^Ila . Green 7, G. Ev. CI. 6 Japan . . 1790 
puncticuldea . Green 6, S. Ev. CL 10 Cayenne . 1818 

^SJiT^f*'. } ^'^'^ ^' ^' ^^- CI- 25 K Ind. . 1790 

quinita ' .* . Green 7, G. Ev. CI 10 C. G. H. . 1790 

Sicvuldes . . Green 6, 8. Ev. CI. 10 Jamaica . 1768 

trifoli&ta . . Green 7, 8. Ev. CL 6 E. Ind. . . 1818 

trilob&ta . . Green 7. & Ev. CL 10 E Ind. . . 1822 

velutlna . . Rd.gn.6, 8. Ev. CI. 8 Malacca . 1859 

vitigiuea . . Green 6, 8. Ev. CL 20 India . . 1772 

(tdndita^ aZMUf angtisti/dlia, mcriculdta, ear- 
ndsa, laiifblia^ microcdrpa, oriailalis, quin- 
qitefblia, ripens^ smilacina, 

CiSTACEJE, or EocK- ROSES. A Small order con- 
sisting of dwarf and trailing shrubs and her- 
baceous plants, mostly with showy, fugitive 
flowers. The resinous balsamic substance 
known as Ladanum is obtained from Cistus 
Ledon, Creticus, and others. All deserve cul- 
tivation. 

C/STUB, Toumefort, From the Greek, kisios, 
which is derived from JeisUf meaning a box 
or ca|)sule ; on account of the remarkable 
shape of the capsule. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. CisiAcea. This is a beautiful genus of 
plants, varying in height from one to four 
feet ; they are considered hardy, but some of 
them require protection in winter, either in a 
greenhouse or cold frame ; mo.st of the species, 
however, will pass the winter in the open 
ground, if the weather be not very severe ; but 
the best plan is to keep some oi all the sorts 
in pots, that they mav be more easily pro- 
tected from severe weather, when they may be 
turned out in the borders in spring, where 
they will flower freely. They do well in com- 
mon soil, and are increased by layers, or 
ripened cuttings placed under a glass, or seeds. 
Synonymes: 1, U. salvi/dliua; 2, O. ladani- 
feruSf stcnophpllus ; 8, C. unduldtua ; 4, C, 
villdsuSf vir6scens; 5, C. ladaniferus^ undu' 
Idius; 6, Genista frdtgrans; 7, C. symphiti- 
fdlius, BertholleiidnuSf ochredius, candidU' 
simuSf Rhodocislus Uucophpllta. 
acutifdlius 1 . White . 8, H. Ev. 8. 1 8. Eur. . . 
filbidus . . . Pa. pur. 6, H. Ev. a 2 Spain . . . 1640 
asperifMius . Wbito . 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 8. Bur. . . 
candidlssimus Pa. red 6, H. Ev. 8. 4 Canaries . 1817 
cau^soens . . Bed . 6, H. Ev. B. 8 
ClhsU . . . White. 6, H. Ev. & 8 Spain . . 1810 
oompUeAtus . Bed . 6, H. Ev. 8. 8 Spain . . 1818 



CIS 



141 



CLA 



Corboridnaia . White . e, H. Et. B. 1 Spain . . 1650 

oordifdliuB . White . 6, H. Er. 8. 4 . 1800 

CT^cua . . Piir. . 7, H. Et. 8. 1 Levant . .1781 

taluricua . . Pur. . 6, H. Ev. 8. 1 Tauria . . 1817 

crfspus . . . Pur. . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 Portugal . 1650 

Cupani&nus . White . 6, F. Et. S. 2 SicUy . . 
CTmdsus . . Pur. . 6, H. Et. 8. 8 

ch>Tiu8 2 . . White . 6, H. Et. S. 4 Greece . . 1800 
Dunali&nus S. Pur. . 5, H. Et. 8. 2 

florontluus . White . 6, H. Et. S. 2 Italy . • . 1826 
fr&grans . . White . 6, H. Ev. 8. 
ffuttktus . . White . 6, H. Et. S. 

hetoroph^UuB Pur. . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 Algiers , . 

lurslitua . . White . 6, H. Ev. 8. 2 Portugal . 1656 

inc&nua. . . Pur. . 7, H. Et. 8. 2 8. Eur. . . 1596 

ladanifenu . White . 6, H. Et. 8. 4 Spain . . 1629 

albifl6ru8 . White . 0, H. Et. a 4 Spain . . 

maculiitus . White . 6, H. Et. 8. 4 Spain . . 1700 

latifdllufl . . White . 6, P. Et. 8. 4 Barbary . . 

laurifdUuB . . White . 6, H. Et. 8. 4 Spam . . .1731 

Uxus . . .White. 6, H. Et. 8. 2 Spain. . .1656 

Lbdon . . . White . 7, H. Et. S. 1 Fmnce . . 1730 

longift^Uus . White . 6, H. Et. S. 4 8. Europe . 1800 

luZtfoicufl . Yellow. 9. H. Kt. S. 2 Portugal . 1880 

moDspeli^nsia White . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 S. Europe . 1656 

obloiigifdlius . White . 6, H. Et. 8. 3 8. Europe . 
obtu.sDbUu8 . White . 6, H. Et. 8. 

parTifl5niR . Pa. red 6, H. Et. 8. 3 Crete . . 1800 
platys^palus . Red . 6, H. Ev. 8. 4 

populif61iu8 . White . 6, H. Et. 8. 3 Spain. . . 1656 
peuostfpolua . White . 6, H. Et. S. 3 
purptlrous . Pur. . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 

rotundifMiuB4Pur. . 6, H. Ev. S. 2 S. Eur. . . 

ealTildlius . . White . 6, H. Et. 8 2 8. Eur. . . 1648 

erectidBculue White . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 

ochroletkcuB . Yelah. . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 

aerlceus . . Red . 6, H. Et. 8. 2 Spain . . 18?6 

undul&tus 5 . White . 6, H. Et. S. 4 S. Eur. . . 1800 

Taginitua 7 . Pa. pur. 4, H. Ev. 8. 2 Tenerifle . 1779 

Tilldaua . . . Pur. . 6, H. Ev. 8. 3 8. Bur. . . 1640 

CisTas Ledum. See Cistus Lidon. 

CiSTUSRAPES. See Cytinhcea. 

CiTHAR^XTLUM, Linn. From kithara^ a lyre, 
and xylon^ wood, erroneously supposed to be 
applicable to making musical instruments; 
hence the name fiddle- wood. lAnn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Verbenduxas. An ornamental genus ; 
tiie species vary in height from six to ten feet. 
They thrive best in a mixture of peat and 
loam, and cuttings root freely in sand, under 
a glass. Synonymt: 1, C. erictum. 
caudAtum 1 . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1763 
cinAutim . . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 15 W. Ind. . 1739 
cyanoc^um. White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 12 
dent&tum . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 15 E. Ind. . 1824 
mtflle . . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 16 W. Ind. . 1816 
ponttfndrum . White . 7, 8. Et. 8. 6 Porto Rico 1815 
quAdrangul&re White . 6, 8. Et. T. 50 Jamaica . 1769 
aerlceum . . White . 6. S. Et. T. 15 B. Ind. . 1824 
aubeeniltum . White . 7, 8. Et. T. 16 W. Ind. . 1820 
villtieum . . White . 7, a Et. T. 10 St Domin. 1784 

GiTRidBATUS, CuniiingTuim. Derived from ci- 
troSt a citron, and baioSj a thorn ; in reference 
to the small orange-coloured fruit, which re- 
sembles an orange ; hence it is called by the 
colonists orango thorn. Ltnn. 5, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. Pittospordceae. The species of this little- 
known genus will probably be found to suc- 
ceed best in sandy peat, and a little loam, well 
mixed. The pots sliould be carefully drained, 
miiltiflftra . White . 6, O. Ev. 8. 8 N. HolL . 1818 
paucifldra . White . 6, G. Et. 8. 8 N. HoIL . 1822 

Citron. See CUrus medica. 

CiTRONliLLA. See Villarisia, 

Citron riNOERED. See Sarcoddetylis. 

CiTRtJLLUS. See Cttcumis Citr&llus. 

CiTRUB, Linn. This gemis is said to have its 



name from the town Citron, in Judea. Linn, 
18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aurantituxce. This is an 
ornamental genus of fruit trees, mowing from 
three to fifteen feet high ; they thrive best in 
a good loamy soil, mixed with a quantity of 
rotten dung. They do not like much pot- 
room, nor too much water, when in a growing 
state. The different kinds are procured by 
budding or grafting on common stocks, which, 
as soon as operated upon, should be placed in 
some close frame, in a moderate dung heat. 
Stocks for working upon are raised from any 
oranges, lemons, &c. They are sometimes 
rais^ from cuttings, in which case they pro- 
duce fruit when very small plants. See Swe- 
rinia. 

angulAta . . White . 6, G. Et. T. 15 E. Ind. . 
Aunbitinm . White . 6, G. Et. T. 15 Asia . . 1595 
buxifolia . . White . 6, G. Et. 8. 3 China . . 
decumjkna . . White . 6, G. Et. T. 12 India . . 1724 
delicidaa . . White . 4, G. Et. T. 10 China 
h^strix . . . White . 6, G. Et. T. 16 E. Ind. . 
jap6nica . . White . 6, G. Et. T. b Japan 
Lfm^tU . . White . 6, G. Et. T. 8 A^ . . 1648 
Limdnum . . White . 6, G. Et. T. 12 Asia . . 1648 
madurdnsis . White . 6, G. Ev. T. China . . 
narsarita . . White . 6, G. Ev. T. 12 China . . 
mMioa . . . White . 6, G. Ev. B. 8 Asia . . 
n6biU8 . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 15 China . .1805 

minor . . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 12 China . . 1806 
spinoslssima . White . 6, G. Et. T. 15 Cayenne . 
vulgiria . . White . 6, G. Et. T. 16 Asia . . 

myrtifblia . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 Asia. . . 

CladAnthus, Cassini. From klados^ a branch, 
and anthoSy a flower; referring to the situa- 
tion of the flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
Astcrdceog, Interesting dwarf plants, of simple 
culture. C ardMcus is a pretty annual, gi'owing 
about a foot and a half high ; it only requires 
to be sown in common soil. Synonyme: 1, 
jfnthemis ardJbica. 

arAiicus 1 . Yellow . 7, H. A. 1^ Baibary . 1750 
candscons . Tellow . 6, F. Et. 8. 1 Canaries . 1829 

CrJLDlUM, P. Broume. From klados, a branch 
or twig ; refeiTing to the appearance of the 
plant. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. CyperaceeB, 
The species are curious, and best cultivated in 
wet boggy soil. Synonyme : 1, ScJidsnus aciUus. 
glomer&tum . Apetal . 6, G. Grass. 4 N. Holl. . 1816 
jiinceum . . Apetal . 7, G. Grass. 4 N. HolL . 1820 
occident&le . Apetal . 5, 8. Grass. 3 Jamaica . 1820 
schoenoldes 1 Apetal . 7, G. Grass. 4 N. Holl. . 1823 

germ^nicum. 
Cladoch.^a, 2>0 Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AsterdteecB. Plants of easy culture, 
growing in loam and sandy heath mould, and 
increased by division of the roots and seeds, 
candidlssima . Tellow . 7, H. Her. F. Caucasus 1819 

Clai>6nia- See Cen6myce, 

Claoo8p6riuic, Link. From kladoa, a branch, 
and sparUf a sporule ; on account of the spo- 
rules being attached to the branches of the 
fungi. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botrytdcece. 
Minute species of Fujigi, found most fre- 
quently upon old decaying wood — herbdrmn^ 
veluiinwn. 

CladostIchts, D. Don. From klados, a branch, 
and stachySf a spike ; in reference to the man- 
ner of its flowering. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amardniacc(B. The species possess little 



CLA 



142 



CT.E 



beauty. For culture, &c., sae AchyrdrUkes. 
Syrwny^nea: 1, Achyrdnthea dUemifolia^ Jks- 
mochdila alUmifblia; 2, A, muricdttaj Cha- 
miaaoa muricata, 

altemifdUa 1 . Purple . 9, G. B. 1 R Ind. . 1789 
fhit^cexiB 2 . Green . 9, B. Et. 8. 4 £. Ind. . 1777 

Clad<56TEPHUS, A gardh. From klados, a branch, 
and sUphos, a crown ; in reference to the 
whorled branches. Linn, 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Fucd^cecB, Marine productions, of an interest- 
ing character— myrio/7^^^/»m, gpojigidsta. 

CLADdsTTLES. See Evtlmlus, 

ClairvIllba. See Cacdamia, 

Clammt, viscid, sticky. 

Clammy Cherrt. See C^dia collocdcea. 

Clandestine, hidden, secret, private. 

CiAreia, Punk. In honour of Captain Clarke, 
who accompanied Captain Lewis in his jour- 
ney to the Rocky Mountains. Linn, 8, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Onagrdeete, A genus of annuals, 
which make a beautiful display in the flower- 
borders during summer. They succeed well 
merely sown in the open ^und, where they 
are to flower ; seeds ripen m great plenty, 
tfloftans . . Ro. pur. . 7, H. A. U CallfomU 18SS 
fl6Te-|^o Pa. rose . 9, H. A. l\ Gardens . 18S7 

""^dSi } ^"^^^ • «• ^- -*■• 1* ^' ^^'^- ^^ 

gaiiroldes' . Pink . . 8, H. A. 1 Galifomlft 1836 

pnlchdlla . Purple . 6, H. A. U N. Amer. 182« 

fldre-lUbo . White . . 0. H. A. l| N. Amer. 1826 

- - - - ifN. 



margtn&ta. Pur. wht. 6, H. 



. Amer. 1830 



pulcbdrrima Purple . 6, H. A. 1^ N. Amer. 

Clart. See Sdlvia Sclarea. 

Clathrate, latticed, divided like lattice-work. 

CLAUsisNA, Burmann, The meaning unex- 
plained. Linn, 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Auran- 
tUteece. An ornamental tree, growing upwards 
of twenty feet high, and cultivated best in rich 
loam. Cuttings may be rooted in sand, under 
a glass. Synonyms: 1, Limdnia pentaphplla, 
pentaph^lla 1 . White 7, 8. Ey. T. 20 Coroman. 1800 

ClIya H^rculis. See Zanth6xylan, 

ClavAria, VaUlant, From clav(iy a club; in 
reference to the form of the species. Linn, 
24, Or. 9, Nat Or. Agarieacece, Striking 
species of Fungi, growing from the eighth of 
an inch to a foot high, but the majority aver- 
age from one to three inches. They are found 
upon trees of various kinds, sometimes in mea- 
dows, and at others, in dense shady places, 
where the soil is damp. See Tuberculdria — 
abieiinaf aciUa, Ardinia, Utrytis, oranoides, 
cinirea, coralldidM, cbrnea, comiculata, cris- 
tdUa, fimbridUa, Ji^tva, frdgilia, fusifirmis, gri- 
sea, fUlvola, inoDquAlis, pistUldris, praUnsis, 
rhsfia, rughaa, sHipes, atricta, undAlis, vermi- 
ciUdris,' 

Clay ate, ) shaped like a club, the thick end 

Clayated, ) uppermost. 

Clayellosb, having club-like processes. 

Clay^na, De CandolU, Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat 
Or. AsterAcece. Of easy culture in light loam 
and sandy heath mould, and incn^ased by 
seeds. 



oanari^hiflis . Purple . 7, F. 
squarrbsa . . White . 7, F. 



B. 1 Canaries. 1827 
& 1 Madeira . 1827 



ClavIja, Muiz and Pavon. In honour of J. 
Clavijo Faxardo, a Spanish naturalist. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myrain&ceof, A very orna- 
mental genus, ^wing in peat and loam, and 
cuttings strike m the same Kind of soil, under 
a glass, in heat. The trees grow about twenty 
feet high. Synonymes: 1, C, nuKrophf/lla ; 
2, Theophrdsta longi/dlia, 

macroc&rpa 1 White . 9, 8. Ev. T. 25 Peru . . 1810 
om&ta 2 . . Orange. 9, 8. Ev. T. 15 CanuscoB . 1828 

ClXyus, a name for the ergot, a disease in com. 

Claws, the narrow end of petals. 

ClaythSnia, Linn, In honour of John Clayton, 
a collector of plants, in Virginia, which Vere 
published by Gronovius in his Flora Virginica. 
Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. PoHuIucacecB. The 
species of this genus are very pretty ; the per- 
ennial species grow best in a border of peat 
soil. The annual kinds only require sowing 
in the open border, in peaty soil. Synonyniu : 
1, C. virginica; 2, C. bifida, 
acutifl6ra 1 . White . 5, H. Tu. P. ^ N. Amer. . 

4, H. Tu P. 1 Siberia . 1827 

5, H. A. i NootkaSd. 1794 
4, H. Her. P. \ California 1836 
4, H. Tu. P, 
4, H.Tu. P. 



acutif51ia 
alsinoldoR , 
califbmica 
caroUniAna 
grandifldra 



White. 

.White. 

.Pink . 

.Pink . 

.Pink . 
gypeophiloldeePink . 10, H. 
Joanne&na . White . 6, H. 

. White . 4. H. Tu, 

.White. 4, H. Tu. 

.White. 6, H. 

. Pink . 4. H. Tu- 

• Bod . e,H. 

I White, e, H. 



lanoooUta . 
longifblia . 
peifoli&ta . 

unolasch- ^ 

kdnsbi 2 
Yeetiikna . 
Tlrginiina . 



N. Amer. . 1789 
N. Amer. . 
Califoniia 1835 
Siberia . 1818 
N, Amer. . 1812 
N. Amer. . 1827 
N. Amer. . 1794 
N. Amor. . 
Siberia 



.1827 
. 1708 



A. \ Runia . 1820 



, Rose . 
.White. 



8, H. Her. P. 1 Altai . , 
S, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 



1827 
1740 



CLEANdTHUS. See Oeanhthus. 
Clearing-nut. See Strpchnos potatorum. 
Cleayers. See Odlium Aparine, 
Cleft, divided, but not to the base ; split 
CleisomIsria, Lindl. From kleistos, closed, and 
meris, a part Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
chiddcaz, A small epiphyte of but little 
beauty, requiring the same treatment as £pi- 
dendron. 
lan&ta . . . YeL pur. 6. S. EpL i R Ind. . . 1845 

Cleis6sT0MA, Blame, Not explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchiddcece. The species 
of this genus are described as rather insignifi- 
, cant, the flowers being -small, and of a £ngy 
colour. They succeed best on wood, treated as 
BurlingU^ia. 

Puk. pur. 6, S. Epi. 1 Manilla . 1844 



blcolor 
crassifdllum 

dealb&tum . Yellow 

decfpiens . . Ochre . 

discolor . . Yellow . 

ftksoum . . . Brown . 

iontfsma . . YeL bro. 

latlfMium . . YoL red . 

macul5sum . YeL pk. . 
micnSnthum . Pink 

rdsoum . . . Red yel. 

spic&tum . . Red yeL 
trident&tiun . Reds, wt 



Pale red. 10, 8. EpL I Moulmein. 1850 

9, 8. Epi. 1 Manilla . 1843 

5, 8. BpL 1 Ceylon . . 1848 
3, 8. EpL 1 India . . 1848 
8, 8. Epi. 1 E. Ind. . 1840 
5, 8. Epi. 2 Manilla . 1844 
3, 8. EpL 1 Singapore. 1840 

8. a EpL 1 Ceylon. .1839 
7, 8. EpL 

9, 8. EpL 1 Manilla . 1837 
5, 8. Epi. 2 Borneo . 1840 
5, 8. EpL 1 N. HolL . 1838 

Cleistes, Rich, Name not explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat Or. Orchiddceoe. A terrestrial 
orchid, requiring the same treatment as other 
terrestrial kinds, 
rtwea . . . Rose . 8, 8. Ter. , 1 Merida . . 1844 



CLE 



143 



CLE 



CiiacATis, lAnn, From klemtL, a yine branch ; 
because most of the species climb like the vine. 
Linn, 18, Or. 6, Nat. Or. RanuncuULcetB. A 
nnmerous and hiehly ornamental genus uf, for 
the most pcu't, climbing plants. The green- 
house species are ver}' desirable where climbers 
are wanted ; they grow well in any lieht soil, 
or loam and peat ; cuttings root freely under 
a glass. The same treatment is required for 
the store kinds. The hardy kinds grow in 
any common garden soil, and are well adapted 
for trellis-woK, or for training a^inst a wall. 
They are readily increased by laymg the young 
shoots in July or October. The herbaceous 
kinds are increased by dividing the plants at 
the root early in spring. Syncmyrrus: 1, C. 
calydna; 2, &. austrdlis; 3, C.frAgrans; 4, 
O. easpiidsa, Fldmmula ; 6, C. bkolor; 6, C. 
Farst^; 7, C, ndna; 8, C. integri/blia; 9, 
C. nepaUnsis; 10, C, anenumefibra ; 11, C. 
Mendenoni; 12, C. eirrhhaa; 18, C. corddta; 
14, C.9milaci/dlta,9ubpefidla; 15, C. hraciehta; 
16, C.tenuifblick, lun'tdnica. See Anemdne and 
Atrdgene. 

americftna . . WUto . 0, S. Br. CI. 12 S. Amer. 
angiistifdlia . White . 6, H. Her. P. 4 Austria . 1787 
MistAto. . . Gn. yel. 6, Q. De. CI. 15 N. HolL . 181i 
tale&rlca 1 . TeLwh. 8, F. E\. CI. U Minorca . 1788 
barbeUAtus . Vio.ycl. 6, H. Da CL 18 Hlmalay. 185i 
brachiAta . . TeLgn. 10, G. Bv. CI. 12 C. G. H. . 
bnEiliAna . . White . 8, S. Ev. CI. 12 Braail . 1828 
csertlea. . . Violet . 4, H. De. CL 8 Japan .1886 

grandiAdra . Furp. . 0, H. De. CL 10 Japan . 1841 
campaniflbra. Purple. 7, H. De. CL 6 Spain . 1810 
caripdnsis . . White . 0, S. Et. CL 12 Trinidad. 1820 
chin^nsia . . TeL wt 4, P. CL CL 12 China . 1820 
oin-bdaa . . Wt gn. 4, H. Et. CL 12 Spain . l&OO 
ooriftcea 2 . . White .10, G. Et. CL 12 N. HolL . 1821 
crlspa ... Pa pur. 8, H. De. CL N. Amer. 1726 
cyllndrica . . Blue . 8. H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 180!! 
c&hhrioa . . YeL gn. 9, H. De. CL 10 Dahuria . 1820 
diolca . . . Gm. yL 6, 8. Et. CI. 16 W. Ind. . 1738 
diTenifdIia . White . 9, H. Her. P.. 4 
er^cte . . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Austria . 1597 

hiaptfnica . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Spain . 1800 
FlAmmula. . White . 8, H. De. CL 20 Franoe . 1596 

csaspitdaa 4 . White . 9, H. De. CL 20 

marltima . White . 7, H. De. CL 20 8. Eur. . 

TutuudifMlaS White . 8, H. De. CI. 20 France . 1596 

rubella . . Redflh. 9, H. De. CL 20 

Tulg&rii . . White . 8, H. De. CL 20 Franoe . 
fldriida . . . White . A, H. De. CL 10 Japan . 1776 

bioolor . . Wt pur. 7, H. De. CL 10 Gardens. 

fl5re-pl%no . White . 6, H. De. CL 10 Gardens. 

Sieb^ldil 5 . Fur.gn. 7, H. De. CL 10 Japan . 1886 
Forttmi. . . White . 6, G Et. CLIO Japan . 
glahca . . . Pa. yeL 4. H. De. CL 10 Siberia . 
glydnoldes . White . 4, G. Et. CL 16 N. HolL . 1826 
Grah^mi . . Pa. gm. 8, F. De. CL 10 Mexico . 1846 
grandifl6ra . TeL gn. 4, B. Bt. CL 12 S. Leone. 1828 
grAto . . . White . 8, G. Et. CL 12K Ind. . 18.41 
graTeblens . Tellow. 8. F. De. CL 15ChLTart 1845 
hedysarifblia . White . 7, 8. Bt. CL 12 E. Ind. . 1819 
hexap^tala 6 . Pa. gm. 4. F. De. CL 4 N. Zeal. . 1844 
hexas^pala . Green . 4, G. De. CL 15 N. Zeal. . 1844 
SndiTlsa 8 . . Wht cr. 4, G. Et. CL 20 N. ZeaL . 1847 

lob&ta . . . Wht cr. 4, G. Et. CL 10 N. Zeal. . 1847 
integrif61U7 . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 1596 

angu8tif61ia. Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 

elongAta . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Europe . 

UtiSlia . . Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 4 
lanugiudsa. .Blue . 7, H. De. CLIO China .1851 
iMthyrifdlia . White . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Podolia . 1836 
lineanl6ba . White . 7, G. Her. P. 4 Carolina. 1823 
MassoniAna . White . 6, G. Et. CL 12 C. G. H. . 
montAna 9 . . White . 5, H. De. CL 20 Nopal . 1881 

grandifieifra 10 White . 5, H. De. CL 20 Gardens. 
alAisisll . White . 6, H. Bt. CL 6 Nepal . 1885 
olehca . lit. yeL 6, H. De. P. 2 N. Amer. 1767 



odorAta. . . White . 0, G. Et. CL 0E. Ind. . 1881 
orient&lts . . TeL wt 8, H. De. CL 8 LoTant . 1781 
panietilAta . White . 7, H. De. CL 20 Japan . 1800 
pedioollAtal2 . Wtgm. 7. H. Et. CL 12 Majorca . 
reticulAta . . Purp. . 7, H. De. CL 8N. Amer. 1812 
semitrildba . Wtgm. 0, H. Et. CL 10 Spain 
SlmsUlS . .Purp. . 7,H. De. CL 8 N. Amer. 1812 
BmilacifMiaU. Purp. . 7, 8. Et. a. 20Bl Ind. . 1824 
tritemAta . . White . 7, H. De. CL 12 . 1800 

tubul5fla . . Blue . 8. H. Her. P. 2 China . 1845 
Yibma . . . Purp. . 8, H. De. CL 12 N. Amer. 1780 
Tiomoldes . . lilao . 8, H. De. CI. 8 N. Amer. 1828 
TirglniAna . . Green . 7, H. De. CL 15 N. Amer. 1787 
bracteAtal5. Gshwt. 0, H. De. a. 16 N. Amer. 1707 
VitAlba . . . White . 8, H. De. CL 20 Eng. hedtfea. 

integrAta. . White . 8, H. De. CL 20 Eng. gardL 
ViticUla . . Purp. . 8. H. De. CI. «0 Spain . 1509 
CKsrhlea . .Blue .7,H. De. CL 20 Spain .1069 
pltea . . . Purp. . 8, H. De. CI. 20 Gardens, 
purphrea. . Ptup. . 7, H. Do. XJl 20 Spain . 
tenuif&lial8 .Crim. . 8, G. Er. a. 20 Spain . 
lansibartfnsis . Purp. . 7, G. Et. CI. 10 Zanzibar 1820 
Garden vari^ies, — Of these there are a great 
number, and some are very beautiful. 
CLEMATiTi& See Ariatoidchia ClemaSUU, 
Cle6m£, Linn, From kleiOf to shut ; alluding 
to the parts of the flower. Linn. 15, Nat. Or. 
CapparidAcecB. The species of this genus are 
very pretty, and free-flowering; the stove 
kinds require a rich light soil, and cuttings 
root freely under a glass. Some of the annual 
species require sowing in a hotbed frame, or in 
a hothouse, and when potted off, to be placed 
among the tender annuals. The hardier kinds 
may be sovm on a hotbed, and when of suffi- 
cient size, planted out in sheltered situations 
in the flower-borders. Synonymes: 1, C. ami- 
thopodundea ; 2, C. aiirea, Peritoma ahrea; 3, 
C. 8pinosa. See Oyinjandr6p9iSf HeliApkUa, 
PefUom<i, PolanUia, Jldthia, and StanUya. 

aeuleAta . . White . 0, S. A. 2 S. Amer. 1817 

arAiioa . . Tellow 0, H. A. 2 Arabia . 1794 

arb6rea . . White . 0, B. Et. 8.8 Caraocas. 1817 

curdinAlis . Red . 7, 8. A. 2 Mexico . 1828 

diffhsa . . Green . 6, 8. A. 1 Bnudl . 1828 

Dilleni&nal . White. 6. H. A. 1 LoTant . 1782 

dendroidee . Purple 6, G. Et. 8. 2 BrazU . 1828 

droeerifdlla . TI. Tio. 5, G. Et. 8. i Egypt . 1837 

fl&Ta . . . TeUow 6, H. A. 2 Aus&alia 1825 

gigtfntea . . White . 6, 8. Et. S. a Amer. in4 

heptaph^Ua. Whito.7, 8. A. 1 Jamaica . 1817 

Houstdui . White . 6, 8. A. 1 W. Ind. . 1780 

ib^rica . . White. 6. H. A ( Iberia . 1820 
Ihtea 2 . . TeUow 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1840 

micrtfntha . White . 0, a Et. a 4 . 1824 

monoph^lla. TeUow 0, S. A. { E. Ind. . 1759 

seyUbica . TeUow 6, 8. A. 1 E. Ind. . 1759 

polj^gama . White. 0, 8. A. 2 W. Ind. . 1824 
procHmbens. Tellow 0, a Her. P. h W. Ind. . 1798 

pub^Bcens . Bed . 7, H. A. 1| . 1815 

p&ngeoB 2, 8 White . 7, 8. B. 2 W. Ind. . 1812 

rteea ... Bed . 6, 8. A. U Brasil . 1825 

speoiosfssima Purple 7, H. A. 8 Mexico . 1827 

splnbea . . White . 6, a B. 2 W. Ind. . 1781 

trin^nria . . TeUow 7, H. A. 1 Arabia . 1887 

TiolAcea . . Purple 6, H. A. 1 Portugal 1776 

Tirg&ta . . White . 6, H. A. 1 Persia . 1820 

Cle5nia, Linn, A Greek name, employed by 
Theopbrastus. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Lamideece. This pretty species merely re- 
quires sowine in the open border, and treating 
as other hardy annuals. 
lusitAnica . LL blue . 0, H. A. 1 Portugal . 1710 

Clebod^ndrum, Lirm, KUros, lot, and den- 
dnm, a tree : in allusion to the uncertain 
medicinal properties of the species. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat Or. VerbendeecR. A beautiful 



CLE 



144 



CLI 



genus, varying in height from three to eight 
feet; they succeed best in a rich soil, com- 
posed of loam, rotten dun^, and sandy peat. 
Young cuttings root freely in sand or soil, 
under a glass. C. spedoilssimum is the most 
splendid. Synonymes: 1, Volkamhia buxi- 
fblia; 2, C. ovdtumf V. madagascarUnse ; 8, 
F. angttstifdlia ; 4, Leuoosciptrum ehnum; 6, 
Siphondiithus indica ; 6, Volkamhna capUata ; 
7, F. dentdita; 8, F. neriijUia ; 9, C, aqua- 
matum, 

angufltifdlium. White 8. S. Et. S. 4 Haunt. . 18S4 
atteniiituxn . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. « N. HoU. . 1824 
Bethuni&num . Scar. 7, 8. Ey. 8. 6 Borneo . 1847 
BOngei . . . Rose . 6, 8. Et. S. 4 China . 
buxlf5Uam 1 . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 ' . 1820 

calamltdsum . White 8. 8. Ev. 8. 4 K Ind. . 1828 
oapiUtum 6 . White 6, 8. Et. 8. 6 8. Leone . 1846 
c^muum . . White 7, 8. Et. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1823 
ooccineum . . Scar. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. E. Ind. . 
cordAtum . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. Nepal . 1828 

*^toS^2^^' ]^^^ 8, a Bv. 8. e Maurit. . 1828 

oostktum ! . Red 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoU. . 1828 

dent&tuin7. . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1828 

emim^nse . . White 2, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Madagas. 1822 

floiib&ndum . lilac. 7, & Ev. 8. 8 Madagas. 1825 

fdBtidum . . Rose . 7, 8. Ev. a 4 Nepal. . 1820 

fortun&tum . Lilac. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 B. Ind. . 1784 

/(fllaz . . . Scar. . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 6 

frterans . . . W.red 10, 8. Bv. 8. 6 China . 1790 

flSre-nlfeno . W.red 10, 8. Ev. 8. 6 China . 1790 

KbindaiiMBum . Scar. . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 6 

fflaticum . . White 9, 8. Bv. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1825 

hastJLtum . . White 0, 8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1825 

^C^.*^ I White 8, 8.EV.S. 6 K Ind. .1824 

^""l^^^^y. I^'"**** 8' S. Ev. 8. 8 Maurit. . 1805 

Hhgelli ! ; . Crim. a Ev. CL 10 8. Leone . 1842 

in^rme . . . White 7, 8. Bv. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1692 

infortuniltum . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 

1ap6nicum . . White 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Japan . 1828 

Ksempf^ri . . Scar. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 S. Amer. 1843 

laurlfolium . Soar. . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 B. Ind. . 

^to^m?". }^^^ 7, aBv. 8. e Nepal .1826 

ligustrtnum . White 9. 8. Bv. 8. 8 Maurit . 1789 

lividum . . . White 11, 8. Ev. 8. 8 China . 1824 

macroph^llum W.blu.ll, 8. Bv. & 8 E. Ind. . 1815 

ncriif6Uum 8 . White 5, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Ind, . 1824 

nhtana . . . White 11, S. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1825 

odor&tum . . Red . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Nepal . 1823 

panicul&tum . Scar. . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Java . . 1809 

phlomoldes . White 8, 8. Bv. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1820 

pulxr-flcens . . White 7, 8. Bv. a 4 W. Ind. . 1824 

saUcifblium . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1824 

Bcflndeus . . White 7, 8. Ev. CL 10 Guinea . 1822 

serr&tum . . White 7, 8. Ev. a 6 Nepal . 1822 

8inu2ttum . . White 2, 8. Ev. 8. 4 8. Leone. 1840 

BiphontfnthuaS White 9, 8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1796 

"SS^^'. } ^^' ' 8, 8. Bv. 8. 10 China . 1886 

spl^ndens . . Soar. . 6, 8. Bv. Tu. 6 Mexico. . 1840 

squam&tum . Scar. . 8, 8. Bv. a 10 China . 1790 

tcmifbUiim . White 9, 8. Bv. 8. 4 Nepal . 1823 

Thom86ni». . Cr wh. 4, 8. Bv. 8. 4 Calabar . 

toment^um . White 4, Q. Bv. 8. 5 N. 8. W. . 1794 

trich6tomum . White 6, 0. Ev. a 6 Japan . 1800 

urticwWUum . White V, 8. Bv. 8. 4 B. Ind. . 1824 

verticillAtum . White 8, 8. Bv. 8. 6 Nepal . 1818 

viol&ceum . . Violet 8, 8. Bv. 8. 4 . 1822 

viscftflum . . White 7, a Bv. 8. 6 E. Ind. . 1796 

volhbile . . . White 8, 8. Ev. CL 6 Guinea . 1823 

Cli^thra, Linn. From klethra^ the Greek name 
of the alder ; on account of the resemblance it 
bears to that plant. Linn, 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. EricdceoB, All the species of this genus 
are ornamental, growing from two to ten feet 
high. The greenhouse kinds are well suited 



for conservatories, succeeding best in peat 
earth, or light sandy loam ; cutting taken 
off, not too ripe, will root freely m sand, 
under a glass. The hardy kinds, where the 
soil will suit them, are well adapted for the 
front of shrubberies, and reqnire the same 
kind of soil as the greenhouse species. It is 
usual to increase them by layers ; but cnttings 
root readily in sand, under a glass. All the 
kinds may be raised from seeds. Simonymes: 
1, Cuelldriaferruffln^a; 2, C. qiLerei/blia. 

acumin&ta . White . 9, H. De. 8. 10 Carolina . 1806 

alnif61ia . . White . 9, H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 1781 

arb6rea . . White . 9, G. Ev. 8. 8 Madeira . 1784 

minor . . White . 9, G. Ev. 8. 2 Madeira . 

varieg&ta . White . 8, G. Ev. S. 4 Madeira . 

ferruginea 1 White . 8, G. Bv. S. 4 Peru . . ISOO 

n&na . . . White . 8, H. De. 8. 2 . 18-20 

panicul&ta . White . 9. H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 1770 

scibra. . . White . 9, H. De. 8. 4 Georgia . 1806 

tinifblia 2 . VThite . 8, 8. Bv. T. 15 Jamaica . 1825 

toment5sa . White . 9, H. De. a 4 N. Amer. 1731 

CLETiRA, Thunberg. In honour of Andrew 
Cleyer, M.D., a Dutch botanist, once resident 
at Batavia. Linn. 18, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tern- 
8trdmidux<B. An ornamental greenhouse plant, 
about five feet high ; it grows well in sandy 
peat, and is increased by cuttings under a 
glass. 
]ap6nica . . White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 6 Japan . 1820 

CliXnthus, Solander. From kleios, glory, and 
anthoSf a flower; in reference to the noble 
appearance of the species of this genus. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. FabdceoB. Very elegant 
plants, resembling the Siitherldndia fnU^acens 
when in flower ; they attain the height of eight 
or t«n feet ; and grow well in an equal mixture 
of loam, peat and sand ; they do best when 
planted in the border of the conservatory, and 
will also flourish against a south wall when 
protected from frost and cold ; cuttings root in 
the kind of soil recommended for growing 
them when placed under a glass. Synonyme$ : 
1, StreMorMza specidsa ; 2, Ddnia punicea ; 3, 
C. Oxleyi, Dhnia specidsa, Kennedya spe- 
cioaa. 

carneus 1 . . Flesh . 6, F. Ev. 8. 8 Philippines 1840 
Dampiferi 3 . Scarlet 6, G. Bv. 8. 3 N. HoD. . 1636 
punfceus S . Crim. . 5, F. Ev. 8. 6 N. ZeaL . 18S2 

Clid^mia. In honour of Clidemi, an ancient 
Greek botanist lAnn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Melasiomd^em. The species of this genus are 
not very showy. For culture and propaga- 
tion, see Meldstoma. SynonyrMS: 1, Melds- 
toma aldta; 2, M. cimiut; 8, M. ilegans; 4, 
M. hirta ; 5, Id. riLhra ; 6, M. veludna. 
aggreg&ta . White . 7, 8. Bv. a IJ Peru . . 1820 
agrdstis . . White . 7, 8. Bv. 8. 1 Guiana . 1822 
alittt 1 . . White . 7. 8. Ev. a 4 Maran . 1819 
c6mua 2 . . White . 7, a Ev. 8. 1 Peru . . 1820 
Regans 8 . . White . 7. 8. Ev. 8. 1^ Maran . 1822 
hirto 4 . . Purple . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Jamaica . 1740 
holoserlcea . White . 7, 8. Bv. S. 4 Brasil . 1820 
microph^Ila. White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 1 S. Amer. 1817 
nfvea . . . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 8. Amer. 1823 
rhbra 5 . . Purple . 4, 8. Ev. a 4 Guiana . 1783 
apic&ta . . White . 7, S. Bv. 8. 1 Guiana . 1793 
velutlnaO . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Ind. . 1816 

CLiFrbRTiA, Linn. In honour of George Cliffort, 
a merchant of Amsterdam, and one of the 
patrons of Linnsus. Linn. 22, Or. 12, Nat 



CLI 



145 



CLU 



crenAta 
cune&ta . 
eric8ef61ia 
fal<Ata . 
illcifolia . 
obconULta 
obllqaa . 
pulch^lla . 
niacifdlia. 
sarmentftaa 
stin>bilifem 
tern&ta . 
trident&ta 
trifoli&ta. 

Clift5nia- 



£. Ind. . 1791 

C. G. H. 1787 

C. O. H. 1799 

C. G. H. 1818 

C. G. H. 1714 

C. G. H. 1790 

C. G. H. 1816 



C. G. H. 1793 
C. G. H. 1818 
C. G. H. 1818 
G. G. H. 
C. G. H. 1752 



Or. Sanguisarbdcea, These species are only 
worthy of cultivation on account of their sin- 
gular habits; they succeed well in an equal 
mixture of peat and loam, and cuttings of the 
young wood root freely in sand, under a glass. 
cinA-ea . . Grn. wht 6, G. Et. S. 4 C. G. H. 1800 
cordifdiia . Grn. wht. 6, G. Er. B. 8 C. G. H. 1830 

Grn. wht. 4, G. Ev. 8. 3 

Grn. wht 4, G. Ev. a 3 

Gm, wht. 7, G. Er. 8. 3 

Gra. wht. 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 

Grn. wht. 6, G. Er. 8. 3 

Gm. wht 7, G. Ev. 3. 3 

Grn. wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 

Gm. wht 4, G. Er. 8. l^ C. G. H. 1796 

Grn. wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 Q G. H. 1752 

White . . r, G. Ev. 8. 3 

Gm. wht 0, G. Ev. a 3 

Gm. wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 

Gm- wht 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 

Gm. wht 6, G. Ev. 8. 

See Mylocdryum. 
ClinIndrium, that part of the column of orchi- 

deous plants in which the anther lies. 
Cling stones. Stone fruit, as peaches, &c., 
are so called when the flesh adheres to the 
stone. 
Clixof6dixjm, Linn. From klinef a bed, and 
poiu, a foot ; the flowers have been compared 
to the castor of a bedpost. Linn. 14, Or. 1, 
Kat. Or. Lamidcece. Rather ornamental plants, 
growing about a foot high ; they do well in 
any common soil, and increase freely by di- 
vision of the roots, or by seeds. 
aeeyptUiciun . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Egypt . 1769 
origaiiifeaitun Pink . . 7, H. Her. P. 4 & Eur. . 1825 
vx%ire . . Pink . . 7, H. Her, P. 1 Brit, gr. bo. 
Clint6nla, Douglas. In honour of De Witt 
Clinton, late governor of the state of New 
York. Linn. 16, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ldbtlidbcea. 
Very pretty border plants, producing an 
abundance of flowers ; the seeds merely require 
sowing in the flower-borders in spring ; they 
produce an abundance of seeds. 
deoAns . . Blue . 7, H. A. 1 Columbia . 1827 
piuch^lla. . Blue w. 8, G. A. } Columbia . 1831 

ClitXnthus, Herbert From klitus, a moun- 
tainous declivity, and anthoa, a flower. A 
new genus of AmaryllidaccoR. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat Or. AmarylliddLctas. Synonyme: 1, Oo- 
Mrghia hiOmUis. 

htimilia 1 . Scarlet . 8, G. BI. P. | Cordilleras 1841 
llitea . . . YeUow . 8, G. Bl. P. | Andes . . 
Madeiknii . Scarlet . 8, G. BL P. } Andes . . 

Clit6ria, Linn. From clitoris, an anatomical 
term ; a resemblance to the configuration of 
which has been fancied to exist in the flower. 
Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabdcea. The 
species of this genus are mostly climbers, with 
large elegant pea-flowers : they succeed best in 
a mixture of loam, peat, and sand ; cuttings 
will root under a glass, in heat, but the best 
method of increasing them is by seed, which 
sometimes ripens in this country. The an- 
nual species requires the same treatment as 
other tender annuals. See Barbiiria, Cola- 
gdnia, and Vilmorinia. 

arbor^soens . Pink . 8, a Ev. & 8 Trinidad. 1804 
Berteriikna . YeUow 0, 8. Ev. CI. 2 8. Dom. . 1824 
braailitoa . Pink . 7, a Tr. A. 4 BrazU . 1759 
coocinea . . Scarlet 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 4 BraaU . 1820 
er€cta . . . Red . 0^ a Ev. CL 8. Amer. 1822 



ffUgens . . Scarlet 5, 8. Ev. CI Braeil . 1840 
form56a . . Pink . 7, S. Ev. Tw. 3 Orinoco . 1823 
ffrttcilia . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 2 8. Amer. 1824 
heteroph/lla Blue . 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 1 R Ind. . 1812 
lasclvia . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. Tw. 4 Madagas. 1826 
mari&na . . Blue . 6, F. De. Tw. 3 N. Amer. 1759 
mezic&na . Purple 10, G. Ev. Tw. 3 N. Amor. 1759 
Plumiferi . . W. red 10. a Ev. Tw. fl W. Ind. . 
Teraitea . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 4 B. Ind. . 1739 
m^jor . . Blue . 6, 8. Ev. CI. 4 Sydney . 1844 
cwrtdea . . Blue , 6, 8. Ev. CI. 4 E. Ind. . 1844 
iCba . . . White. 6, 8. Ev. a. 4 K Ind. . 1844 
flore pleno . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. Tw. 3 Hybrid, Gard. 
virgfnikna . Blue . 7. 8. Ev. Tw. 6 America. 1732 
CliviA, Lindley. Named in honour of the 
Duchess of Northumberland. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. AmarylliddcecB. Beautiful plants, 
requiring a warm part of the greenhouse, or a 
cool part of the stove ; the soil they grow best 
in is a rich loam, with about a third part 
sand ; when growing freely, they rec^uire a plen- 
tiful supply of wat€r ; and may be increased by 
divisions, or seeds. Synonymcs: 1, ImcUo- 
phplliun Odrdeni ; 2, Imaloph^llum Aildni. 
Girdeni 1 . Or. TeL 7, G. Bl. P. 1 Africa . . 1854 
ndbiUfl 2 . . Red yeL 7, G. Bl. P. IJ C. G. H. . 1823 

Clom£n6coma, Cass. See Bebedinium. 

Closed, that which is closed up, leaving no 
aperture ; pressed together, not spreading. 

Clobe-prkssed, when anything lies quite close 
upon a surface. 

Cloudberbt. See Mitbus chamannbrus. 

Clove. See Didnthiis caryophpllus. 

Clove cassia of Brazil. See Dicypillium 
caryophyllatum. 

Clovek, forked. 

Clove nutmeg of Madagascar. See Agalho-^ 
phifllum aromdticum. 

Clove tree. See Caryophpllus. 

Clove worts. See Caryophylldcew. 

Clover. See Trifblium. 

CLOwisiA, Lindley. Named after the Rev. J. 
Clowes, of Broughton Hall, near Manchester, 
a zealous and successful cultivator of Orchi- 
d&cese. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orehiddeece. 
ri>8ea . . Wht. pink . 3, a EpL i Bradl . . 1843 

Clown*8 ALLHEAL. See Stdchys paliistriSn 

Club qrasb. See Coryniphorus, 

Club uoss. ^See Lycqpbdium. 

Club rush. *SeeSilrpus. 

Club stalked moss. See (Edip6dium.. 

Club-wood. See Casuarina. 

Cl^sia, Linn, In honour of Charles de TEcIusc, ■ 
of Artois, a celebrated botanist, who died in 
1609. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. ClimaceoB. 
A very ornamental genus of trees, growing, 
under cultivation, thirty feet high ; they re- 
quire a light sandy loam, and the pots must 
be well drained. Cuttings root freely in sand, 
under a glass. In tropical climates they are 
foilnd growing on other trees. See Brid^lia. 
Aba . . White . . 6, 8. Ev. T. 30 8. Amer. . 1762 
flAva . . Yellow . . 7, 8. Et. T. 80 Jamaica . 1769 
rdeea . . Rod . . . 7, 8. Ev. T. 30 Cai-olina . 1692 
▼endea . White . . 7, 8. Ev. T. 25 a Amer. . 1783 

ClusiAcE£. An order of beautiful trees and 
shrubs yielding resinous juice, usually known 
as Guttlfers. They are all natiyes of the 
tropics ; some produce magnificent frait, highly 
esteemed in their native countries. 

L 



CLU 



146 



COO 



Cluster cherry. Sec Cerasus PMus.^ 

Cluster tine. See P\nus PinAster, 

Clustered, disposed in clusters. 

CLtTTLi. See Cluptia. 

Clu^tia, Alton. Named after Oiitgers Cliiyt, a 
Dutchman, who was professor of botany at 
Leyden. Linn. 22, Or. 8. Nat Or. Euphor- 
bidc&oe. Ornamental species, thriving in a 
mixture of loam and peat ; cuttings of the 
young wood root freely m sand, under a glass, 
alatemoiaes. White . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 C. O. H. . 1693 
coUlna . . White . 6, S. Et. S. 2 E. Ind. . 1807 
daphnoldea . White . 5, O. Bt. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1731 
ericoldes . . White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
heterophtlla White . 6, G. Bv. 8. 2 C. O. H. . 1818 
ptfttila . . . White . 5, 8. Er. 8. 2 £. IxuL . 1812 
polifdlia . . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
polygonoldes White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
tmb&ens . White . 4. G. Bv. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
pulchflla. . Whita . fi, G. Bv. 8. 2 0. G. H. . 1789 
tenuifdlia . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1817 
tomont^sa . White . 4. G. Ev. 8. 2 G. G. H. . 1812 

CLf MENUM. See L&thyrus Clymcnum. 

Cltpeate, buckler-shaped. 

CLYPfeoLA, Gcertner. From clypeus, a bucklori 
in allusion to its bnckler-Uke silicle. lAnii. 
15, Nat Or. Braasicacece. Pretty annuals, 
which only require sowing in the open around, 
and to be treated as other hardy annuals. 
erI6phora . White . . 6, H. A. } 8pain . . 1820 
Ion Thlifapi Yellow . . 6, H. A. J 8. Bur. . 1710 

CNEMtD6sTACHYS,3/arfM«. Dcnyedfromknemis, 
the spoke of a wheel, and staehySt a spike. 
Idnn. 21, Or. 8, Nat. Or. EupTiorbidcece. An 
inconspicuous stove annual, growing in sandy 
peat — Chamel^, 

Cn£5rum, Linn. Theophrastus gave the name 
cneoron to some shrub resembling an olive. 
Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. JttUacece. Beautiful 
species, delighting in a mixture of peat and 
loam, and cuttings root freely in sand under 
a glass. See also Convdlvulus cvuorum, Ddpkne 
cnedrum, and Pleurdndra cnebrum. 
pulvenildntum Yellow 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 Madeira . 1822 
tricdccum . . YeUow 0, G. Bv. 8. 6 8. Eur. . 1793 

-Cn^stis, Jussieu, From knaOt to scratch ; in re- 
ference to the prickly capsules. Linn, 10, Or. 
4, Nat Or. Oonnardcece, Ornamental shrubs. 
See Conndrus, for culture and propagation. 
corniculAta . Purple . 8. Bv. 8. 10 Guinea . 1793 
gUEbra . . . Wht gr. 8. Ev. 8. 10 Maurit . 1828 
polyph^Ua . Purple . 8. Bv. 8. 6 Maurit . 1823 

ONfcus. See Centaurha^ Clrsiwnij LeHzca, Jtha- 
p6ntica, Serrdtula^ Silybunu 

CnIdium, Cusson. The ancient name of Orach. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat Or. Apiacece. Uninterest- 
ing herbaceous plants j for culture and propa- 
gation, see Siseli. Synonymes: 1, Smpmium 
/Uropurpiireum ; 2, Setinum eanad&nse ; 8, 
Angelica Fiachiri. See Laserpitiumf Peuc^da- 
numf /S^?7dw*— atropurptireum 1, canadense 2, 
Fischferi 3, Monniferi, pyrensbum. 

Cnid68Colus, Pohl. Linn. 21, Or. 8, Nut. Or. 
Euphorbidceis, For culture, Ac, see JdtropTia. 
Margra&vli . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Brazil . 1823 
stimulbaus . White . 6, F. Bv. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1812 
vitif51iu8 . . White . 7, 8. Bv. 8. 4 Brarfl . 1823 

CojLdukate, united, soldered together. 
ColoULAKS, congealing together. 
CoArctats^ pressed together. 



CoB^A, CavanilUs. In honour of B. Cobo, a 
Spanish botanist. Li7in. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PolemoniiuxcB. Very fast-growing climbers, 
well adapted for a conservatory ; they thrive 
well in the open air in summer, and look well 
growing up by the side of a house ; if the wall 
be rough on which they run, the tendrils will 
catch fast hold of the crevices and support the 
branches without any assistance ; they maybe 
increased by cuttings, which will root under a 
glass, in a little moist heat, but it is best to 
raise them from seed, which ripen in abund- 
ance. Syyionyme: 1, C. aaimindta, luUa, 
macrost^ma 1 Gr. yel. 10, G. Ev. CL 20 GuayaquillSSO 
scfodens . . Purple 8, F. Ev. CI. 20 Mexico . 1792 
stipul&ris . . YeUow 10, F. Ev. CI. 20 Mexico . 1839 

CoB.£i.CK£. See PolemonidUMB. 

Cob nuts. See Cdrylus. 

Cob nuts of Jamaica. See Omphdlea. 

Cob fines. See Didnthus horUnsis, 

CoBRiteiA, WUldenow. Named after a German 
nobleman of the name of De Kobres, stated to 
have been a great promoter of botany and 
natural history. Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
CyperdcecB. These plants resemble CareXf and 
having no ornamental appearance, are scarcely 
worth cultivation— carid7ia. 

Cob^rghia, Herbert. In honour of Prince 
Leopold of Saze-Coburgh, late King of Bel- 
gium. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amarylli- 
adtcecB. Handsome species, requiring the same 
treatment as Pancrdtium. Synonyims: 1, 
Pancrdtium inearndtum ; 2, Clitdnthtia hxi- 
milis, Ckrysoph^la incarndta. 
oocclnea . Scarlet . 8, F. Bl. P. 2 Cordilleras . 1839 
ffllva . . Tawny . 4, G. Bu. P. 1 8. Amer. . 1829 • 
hhmiUs 2 . Orange . 8, F. BI. P. 1 CordiUenu . 1841 
incam&tal Scarlet . 8, F. Bu. P. 2 Quito . . . 1826 
minl&ta . VermiL . 4, G. BL P. 1 Peru . . . 1842 
Btyldea . . Or. red . 4, G. Bl. P. 2 Quito . . 1847 
tnchrdma 8c. w. gr. 6, F. BL P. 1 Andes . . 1838 
versicolor . R. w. gr. 6, F. Bl. P. 1 lima . . . 1840 

Cobwebbed, covered witli loose hairs, as if with 
a cobweb. 

Coca. See Erythr6xylon, 

CoccocTfpSELUM, Stcartz. From kokkos, fruit, 
and kypscU^ a vase ; alluding to the shape of 
the berries. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cincho- 
ndcex. An uninteresting stove herbaceous 
genus, ^wing in sandy loam, and multiplied 
by cuttings in sand, under a glass. — cordifb- 
liuniy ripens. See FemUia. 

Coccol6ba, Linn. From kokkos^ a berry, and 
loboSf a lobe ; in allusion to the character of 
the fruit. Linn. 8, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Polygo- 
Tidcece. The Sea- side Grape is an ornamental 
genus, varying in height from fifteen to eighty 
feet ; the species are remarkable for their largo 
leaves. They grow well in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and cuttings of the ripened wood, 
taken off at a joint, will root freely under a 
glass, in sand ; the leaves of the cuttmgs must 
not be shortened. See Sareogdnum. Syno- 
nymes : 1, C. maerdntha ; 2, 0. parvifibra ; 8, 
Polygonum pUUyddda, 

acuminlita . W. gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 40 N, Grenada 1820 
barbad^naiB . W. gr. 8, 8. Bv. T. 60 Barbadoes . 1790 
brasilitesiB . W. gr. 6, 8. Ev. T. 50 BrasU . . 1825 
dlvenifblia . W. gr. 8, 8. Bv. T. 20 St. Domingo 1818 



coo 



147 



COD 



. W. gr. 7, 8. Et. T. 60 W. Indies . 17S3 
W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 20 St Doroingo 1820 

- " 1812 

1822 



. 1810 

18S0 

.1824 

. 1818 

1824 



1861 
1690 
173S 
1820 
1690 
1826 



ezoorijtta 
flaydscexiB 

Utifdlia . . W. gr. 8\ B. Er. T. 20 S. America 
laurif61ia . . W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 20 Caraccaa 
longifbMa . . W. gr. 8. 8. Et. T. 20 W. Indies 
macroph^lla 1 Cri.ro. 7, 8. Er. T. SO 8. America 
microettfcbya W. gr. 8, 8. Er. T. 15 W. Indies 
nlTea . . . W. gr. 7, 8. Bv. T. 20 Jamaica . 
obov&ta . . W. gr. 6, 8. Et. T. 10 8. America 
obtuaifdlia . W. gr. 7, 8. Et. T. 15 Carthagena 1822 
orbiculiris . W. gr. 8, 8. Ev. T. 12 8. America 1826 
platycl4da S . W. gr. 7, 8. Er. T. 15 Australia 
puMscens . W. gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 60 W. Indi^ 
pimctikta . . W. gr. 8, 8. Ev. T. 16 W. Indies 
tenuif6Iia . . W. gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 10 Jamaica . 
uvlfera 2 . . W. gr, 8, 8. Ev. T. 50 W. Indies 
▼Irens . . . W. gr. 8, 8. Ev. T. 10 W. Indies 

C<5gculus fNDicus. See CSccuhis. 

C<5cGULUS, a kind of cell, whicli opens with 
elasticity. 

C6CCULTJS, DecandoUe. Derived from coccos, 
the systematic name of the cochineal ; given 
to this genus because most of the species bear 
scarlet berries. Linn, 22, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Menispermdcece. An interesting^ genus of 
plants, remarkable for their medicinal virtues. 
The species do well in a mixture of loam and 
peat, and cuttings root freely under a glass. 
C. crispus is used in intermittent fevers and 
liver complaints ; a poisonous principle called 
picrotozia has been detected in the seed of C. 
miberdsus. Syrumyme: 1, Afenisp&mum c6c- 
cuius. See Wendldndia. 
oordilblius . W. gr. 6, 8. Ev. CL 20 E. Indies 
crfspns . . . W. gr. 6, 8. Ev. CI. 20 E. Indies 
Incinus . . W. gr. 5, 8. Ev. CL 10 B. Indies 
laiuif&Uiui . W. gr. 6, 8 Bv. CL 10 B. Indies 
orbicuUktUB . Gr. yeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 6 E. Indies 
palm&tua . . W. gr. 5, 8. Ev. CI. 10 E. Indies 
FlukenUU 1 . Gr.yeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 10 K Indies 
rotundilMius . W. gr. 6, 8. Bv. CL 15 E. Indies 
Boberbfius . . W. gr. 6, 8. Ev. CL 20 E. Indies 
tomentdsus . W. gr. 6, 8. Ev. CI. 10 B. Indies 
villdsus . . . Gr. yeL 5, 8. Bv, CL 6 K Indies 
hirstitiis . . Gr. yeL 6, 8. Ev. CL 6 E. Indies 

Cochineal fiq. See OpHntia cochiniUifera, 
Cochineal tbee. See QiUrcua cocAfcra, 
CochleAria, Toume/ort. From cochlear, a 
spoon ; the leaves are hollowed like the bowl 
of a spoon. Liim. 16, Nat. Or. BrassicAcece. 
Plants of little interest with the exception of 
C. Armordcia, the common horse-radish, which 
should be planted in February or October in a 
deep rich soil ; the best way of increasing it is 
by slips from the root. The smaller perennial 
kinds do best in pots or rock-work. The an- 
nuals and biennials merely require sowing in 
the open border, which should be done directly 
after the seeds have ripened. Synumymes: 1, 
(7. pusilla ; 2, MpAgrum mxdtile. See Lepi- 
dium, Senebi^ra^ OrdtUsiaf lorwpslidium, 
tfnglica . . White 6, H. A. \ Brit., sea shors. 
Annor&da — - - 



1820 
1832 
1820 
1816 
1790 
1800 
1790 
1820 
1800 
1819 
1800 
1800 



dAnica 
fenestr&ta 
grOnlUndlca 
integrif&lia 
officu>4Iis . 
minor 



. White 5, H.Her.P. 8 Bng., wat. 



. White 6, H. 
. White 6, H. 
. Flesh 6, H. 
. White 5, H. 
. White 4, P. 
. White 4, H. 
rotundifMla White 4. H. 
pyrenalca . White 4, H. 

acatllis 1, auriculatti, glasti/blia, macrocdrpaf 
saxdtilis 2. 
Cochleate, twisted to resemble the shell of a 
snaiL 



B. 

B. 

B. 

B. 

B.; 

B. 

B. 



Brit, aea shore. 
Greenland . 1820 
Scotland, mtns. 
Siberia . . 1822 
Brit, seashore. 
Brit , mountains. 
Brit, mountains. 
Pyrenees. . 1820 



CocHLOSPfiRMUM, KwUk, From kochlo, to 
twist, and spermaf a seed; alluding to the 
somewhat twisted seeds. Liiin. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat Or. Temstromidceoe, Magnificent trees, 
attaining the height of sixty feet ; the best 
soil for them is loam and peat ; cuttings not 
too ripe, taken ofif at a joint, will root in sand, 
under a glass, in a moist heat. Synonymea : 1, 
B6mbax Goasppium, B. grandiflbrum ; 2, B, 
vUi/dlium. 

Gossfpium 1 . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. T. 60 E. Indies . 1824 
BerratlfMium2 Yellow 5, 8. Ev. T. 60 Mexico . . 1820 

Cock's-oomb. See Celosia, 

Cock's-comb. See BhindrUhva Orista-gdlli. 

Cock's-comb. See ErythHtia Crista-gdlli. 

Coce's-foot. See JSchinochlha CrGs-gdlli. 

Cock's-foot qbass. See DActylis. 

Cock's-spur. See Cratdsgua Or6s-gdllt. 

Cocoa-nut tbeb. See Cocoa, 

Cocoa plum. See Chryaobdlanua, 

CocomIlla. See PrUnua cocomiUa, 

C<5cos, Lmn, From the Portuguese word coco ; 
the end of the nut resembles a monkey*s head. 
Linn, 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. PalmdMce, The 
cocoa-nut tree belongs to this elegant genus. 
The species grow upwards of fifty feet high, 
and are cultivated best in a mixture of loam 
and peat, or lid^t sandy loam, in a warm moist 
atmosphere. They succeed well in our collec- 
tions if they have plenty of heat and are not 
too much exposed to the sun-, as in their na- 
tive countries they thrive best in the shade. 
Syrumyme : 1, C, comJbaa, See Acrocdmia^ Lo- 
dokea. 

flexu6sa . . Pa. gr. 6, 8. Palm. 50 Brazil . .1825 
nuclfera . . Pa. gr. 6, 8. Palm. 50 E. Indies . 1690 
plum6ra 1 . Pa. gr. 6, 8. Palm. 50 Bnutt . . 1825 

CocoTENDRE. See Lodoicea aeychellUnim. 

CodArium, Solander. Derived from kodarion, 
a leathern pouch, in reference to the pods. 
Lirni, 2, Or. 1, Nat Or. Pahacem. Orna- 
mental trees, from twelve to twenty feet high. 
For culture and propagation, see Chpaifera. 

acutifdliimx . Pa. red 2, a Ev. T. 15 8. Leone . 1800 
obtusif&lium Pa. red 2, 8. Ev. 8. 10 S. Leone . 1824 

CoDiA, Forat, From Jcodeia, a little ball, be- 
cause the flowers grow in small round heads. 
Linn, 10, Or. 1, Nat Or. CunonidcetB. An 
ornamental genus requiring the same treat- 
ment as CallicoTna, 
montlkaa . White . 4, G. Ev. 8. 10 N. Caledon. 1^0 

CoDiAuM, Jtisa. Name not explained. Linn. 
21, Or. 8, Nat Or. Buphorbidceai, This is a 
small genus separated from CrdUm, and con- 
taining the well-known beautiful Croton pic- 
turn. The species are Asiatic trees and shrubs, 
and require the same treatment as Cr5ton. 
Synonyme: 1, Orbion ptctum. 
plctxim 1 . Wht gr. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Indies . . 1810 

C6dium, Staehhousc, From kodion, a skin ; on 
account of the appearance of the species. 
Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. FucAcece. Marine 
productions of little interest — Bitraa, tonien- 
tdaum, 

CoDLiMS AND CREAM. See EpiWnum hiraiUum. 

C5don, Linn, From kodon, a little beU, refer- 
ring to the shape of the corolla. Linn, 10, 

L ^ 



COD 



148 



COL 



Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ilydrophylldcea. A curious 
plant, thriving in a mixture of loam and peat ; 
it requires to be kept with the greenhouse 
plants. 

Roylttil . . Whit© . 0, G. B. 1 C. G. H. . . 1801 
Codon<5phora, Linn. From kodon, a little 
bell, and phoreo, to bear ; alluding to the 
flowers. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oesnerduxce. 
Ornamental plants. For culture, &c., see Ges- 
ntra. Synonyines: 1, Gesnira prasindUa. G. 
toinenldsa. 



ffrandifldra 1 
LmcooI4ta2 



Scarlet . 6, 8. Ev. S. U Brazil . 
- - 3. 1} B. Amer. 



.1818 
. 1762 



. Scarlet . 6, & Ev. 8. 

Codon6psis, Wallich. From kodoiif a bell, and 
opsiSf resemblance, in reference to the shape 
of the flowers. Linn, 6, Or. 1, Nat Or. Cam- 
pamdacece. A mixture of sand and loam will 
suit this genus, and vropai^tion may be ef- 
fected by cuttings and sceda. Syrumyme: 1, 
WahUnb^ffia rotundifblia. 

cord&ta . . Gr. yeL 6, S. Ev. CL 4 Java . . 1861 
lUrida . . . Gr. pur. 6, H. A. 1 India . .1837 
rotundifblia 1 Green . 6, 8. £v. CL 6 Uimalaya 1855 

CosLiA, LindUy. Not explained. Linn, 20, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. OrchiddcecB, This is described as 
being a very curiously formed genus, and re- 
quiring tlio same treatment as Staiifidpea. 
Synonymcs: 1, CyrnHdium ttipterum; 2, Epi- 
dindrum tripUrum. 

Bauer&na . . White . 6, 8. EpL 1 Jamaica . .1790 
macrostiSchya Red . 2, 8. Epi. 1^ GuatcmaLi . 1840 

C(ELI B.6BA. See Lpchnis Cddi Rbsa. 

CkEiXSoTNE, LindUy. From koilos, hollow, and 
gyju^ a female ; in allusion to the form of the 
stigma. Linn, 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddceas. 
The specied of this genus are all very hand- 
some when in flower, and therefore deserve to 
be in every collection of orchideous plants. 
Some of the species having been introduced 
only a short time, tliey are therefore rather 
rare in collections. They should be grown in 
a hot damp heat, and othcnvise treated as the 
StariHhpea. Synonymes: 1, Chtlonanihhu spe- 
eidsa: 2, Pl^one Wallichidna. 
luper&ta 
barb&ta 
crittata 
CumtPgU 
dec5ra . 



el&ta 

flmbrillta . 
fltfocida 
fl&vida . . 
fUlIgindsa. 

fu8C680enB 

QardneriAna . White 
IntermMia .White 
interrfipta 
longidLulis 
L6wii . . 



. White . 6, 8. EpL 1 India . . 
. WtyeL 18, 8. EpL i Khoosoea 
. White . 3, & Epi. I Nepal . 
. Cr.w.yel. 6, & EpL 2 Singapore 
. White . S, 8. EpL I India . . 
. Whtyel. 9, 8. Epi. li Rhooeeea 
. Wht.bm. 0, 8. Eipl. | Nepal 
. WhtyeL 1, 8. EpL 1 Nepal 
.Yellow. 4. 8. EpL 1 India. 
. Epi. 1 



1849 
1837 
1887 
1840 
1837 
1837 

1829 



. Ore. bm. 6, 8. Epi. 1 KhooeeeaH. 1837 




. Gr8h.yL 11, 8. EpL 1 India 

11, 8. EpL 1 Khooeeea 

11, 8. Epi. 1 R Indies 

White . 10, 8. Epi. 9 Khooaeea 

. WhtyL 10, 8. EpLl Khoosoea 

. Crea. or. 8, 8. Epi. 2 Borneo . 

. WhtyL 9,8. EpL 1 — 

. Yellow 8, 8. EpL 1 

. Blackish 3, 8. EpL 1 

. Wht yeL 4, 8. EpL 1 

. YcUow 9, 8. EpL 1 B. Indies 

. Whtbr. 10, 8. EpL f E. Indies 
Gr. blk. 8, 8. EpL i Borneo 



Ptt;^yeL 8, 8. gpL 1^ Singapore 



Khooaeea 
B. Indies 
India 
K Indies 



. Yelwsh. 10, 8. Epi. I Khooseea 
• -, 8. BpLl '•• 

, 8. BpL t . 
rigtda . . . Yellow 10, 8. Epi. { Khooseea 
SehiUeriAna . YeL br. 9, 8. Epi. 1 Moulmcin 



. Yellow 10, 8. ^L 



speddea 1 . . Br.tawn. 9, 8. Kpi, | Java 



1843 
. 1837 
.1840 
. 1837 
. 1837 
.1845 
.1837 
. 1822 
. 1S38 
. 1844 
.1822 

!l845 
. 1837 
. 1840 
. 1822 
.1887 
. 1856 
. 1845 



testjtcca . . Brown 5, 8. RpL 1 Singapore . 1842 

trin^rvis . . Wht. yeL 2, 8. EpL | Singapore . 

trisaccAta . . Wht yL 11, 8. EpL 1 India . . . 1845 

tmdulkU . . White . 9, 8. EpL 1 Khooseea . 1837 

WaUichiikna2 Rose . 10, 8. Epi. 1 Khoosoea . 1837 

Co^rSA. See PlecirdnUiua CoSUcu 

CoFFkA, Linn. Named from CotTee, a province 
of Narca in Africa, where it grows in abund- 
ance. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. CinchonAcece. 
The Coffee-tree is a very ornamental plant, 
succeeding well in peat and loam, and if kept 
clean and free from insects it will flower and 
fruit abundantly ; to grow well, it must have a 
good supply of water and plenty of pot- room ; 
cuttings of the ripened wood root readily in 
sand, under a glass, in a moist heat. Coffee 
is the roasted seeds of C. ardMca^ and owes its 
character to a peculiar chemical principle called 
Caffein. Synanyme : 1, TctranUrium panicu- 
UUum. 

artfbica . . White . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 20 Yemen. . 1096 
Benghaldnfils White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 5 India . . 1854 
panicuUital . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Guiana . lSi2 

CoFFEE-TREK. See Cofki. 

CoouiLL-YOCHi. See LardvuMla hilemdia. 

CoGWOOD TREE. See Latlrus CMor6xylon. 

Cohering, connected. 

CoilIntha. See Gcntid7ui. 

C6ix, Linn. A name applied by Theophrastus^ 
to a reed-leaved plant Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Gramindceos. A genus of curious tropical 
grasses, growing freely in light rich soil ; they 
produce both flowers and seeds in great jilenty. 
agr^Us . . Apetal 7, 8. Gross. . 2 E. Indies . 1812 
arundin&cea . Apetal 7, 8. Grass. . 2 Mexico . .1818 
oxalt4ta . . Apetal 6, 8. Graaa . 3 China . . 181<» 
Koenfgii . . Apetal 7, 8. Gnisa . 2 E. Indies . 1818 
Uchryma . . Apetal 6, 8. Grass. . 2 £. Indies . 159$ 

C5la. See SUreitlia acuminata. 

C5lax, Lindley. From co/ojr, a parasite. A 
division of MaxUldria, and requiring the same 
treatment. Synonymes : 1, Masalldriajugosua ; 
2, M. plcUanihira; 3, 3/. vtridis. 
jug^sus 1 . . Crea. crim. 5, 8. EpL 1 Brazil . . 1828 
platanthira 2 Green . . 5, 8. EpL 1 Brazil . . 1828 
vlridis 3 . . Greon vio. 5, 8. EpL 1 Brazil . . 1828 

CoLB^RTiA, Salisbury. In honour of John Bap- 
tist Colbert, Marquis of Seignelai, a famous 
French statesman and patron of botany : died 
1683. Linn. 13, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Dillenidtceoi. 
A beautiful genus of trees, resembling DillHia, 
to which genus they may be referred for culture 
and propagation. 

coromandeliZuia 1 YeL 4, 8. Ev. T. 15 Coroman. 1803 
Bcabr,flla . . . YoL 4, & Ev. T. 12 Nepal . . 1820 

C<5lchicum, Linn, Named after Colchis, its 
native country. Linn. 6, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Me- 
lantfUtcea:. An ornamental genus of bulbs, 
growing best in a light loamy soil, and increased 
by offsets from the bulbs, or from seeds. Sy- 
nonytne : 1, Merendira montiina. See Bulbo- 
cddiumf Merendira. 

laplnum . . Purple 7, H. Bu. P. J Apennln. . 1820 

aren&rium . . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. | Hungary . 1816 

autumnMe . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. \ Britain, mead. 

tklbum . . White 9, H. Bu. P. \ Britain, mead. 

^eStia^ } P«»n>le », H. Bu. P. J Britain, gords. 
fl6re-pltno . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. I Britain, gards. 
*&m 1 ^^P^'- »' H. BL P. J Britain, gard«. 



COL 



149 



COL 



I'SSSSi } P»"-»t'- ». H. Bl. P. I Britain, gauds. 

■fljj^^too} ^»*^ »• H, BL P. 4 Britain, garda. 
byztntium . Piirplo 9, H. Bu. P. 1 Levant . . 1629 
chlon^nae . Purple 11. H. Bu. P. | Cfaio . . 
crocifl6nun . Purple 8, H. Bu. P. 1 S. Europe 
monttoum 1 . Puxple 8. H. Bu. P. i 8. Europe 1819 
tesselUtum . Purple 8, H. Bu. P. | S. Europe 1600 
-umbrteum . Pink . 9, H. Bu. P. I Crimea . 1819 
variegitum . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. t Greece . . 1629 

CoLD&KiA, Linn, In honour of C. Golden, a 
zealons North American botanist. Linn. 4, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Borcigindeece. A pretty stove 
annual, requiring the same treatment as other 
tender annuals, 
procfimbena . White . 7, S. Tr. A. 2 E. Indies . 1699 

C6LEA, Bqjer. In honour of General Sir G. 
Lowry Cole, covemor of the Mauritius. Linn, 
14, Or. 2, Nat Or. BignoniAcea:, A noble 
looking store plant, producing clusters of 
hri^ht yellow flowers from the old wood. It 
thnves in a mixture of loam and pent, and 
is increased bv cuttings. 
florib<inda . Yellow . 8, S. Bv. 8. 10 Mauritius . 1889 

ColeXnthus. Sec Schmidlicu 

Colebro5kia, Smith. In honour of H. T. 
Colebrooke, on accomplished botanist. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Lamiacece, A beautiful 
genus of shrubs, growing about three feet 
high, succeeding best in a mixture of peat 
and loam ; increased by cuttings in sand, 
under a glass. 

oppositifdlia . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 Nepal . . 1830 
temif51ia . . White . 6, Q. Ev. 8. S E. Indies . 1823 

CoLEON^aiA, Bartling. From Icolcos^ a sheath, 
and nerna^ a filament ; in allusion to the man- 
ner in which the filaments are fixed. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. RutAua^. Very beautiful 
little shrubs. For culture and propagation, see 
Adendndra. Synanymes : 1, IH6smadlba; 2, 
DiSgma anffusHftlia. 

fibum 1 . . White 6, 6. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . . 1798 
ptUchrum 2 . Roee . 6, G. Er. 8. 6 C. G. H. . . 
tenuif&lium . Boec . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 

ColeorhIza, a little sheath, which tips the 
radicle in cruciferous plants. 

C6LRns, Loureiro. Derived from holeoSy a sheath ; 
referring to the manner in which the stamens 
are united. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat Or. Lami- 
deeoB, Shrubs of some merit, requiring to be 
grown in a mixture of loam and peat, and in- 
creased by cuttings in sand, under a glass, in 
heat. Synonynus: 1, C. ambdinicus, Qtsntra 
ocUyrdta; 2, Pleetrdnthiis barbdUus, P. Porakdh- 
lit; 8, P. fnUicdsus; 4, Plectrdnthua scuUllct- 
TioUles. 

aromtfticns 1 Blue . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Ipdia . .1826 
barb&tua 2 . Bhie . 10, 8. Ev. 8. 8 Abyssinia . 1806 
Blhmei 4 . . Pur. w. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Java . . . 1850 
frutice*U8 8 . Blue . 7, G. Bv. 8. 8 C. G. H. . 1774 
UacrAsU . . Pa. blu. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 Ceylon . . 1826 

Cole-seed. See Brdssiea Campistjia. 

CoLEWORTB. See Brdssica. 

ColIiIndra, Lemaire. Named, from the clammy 
anthers, from kolla, glue, and aner, a man. 
I/inn, 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ocmerdcece. This 
is a genus separated from Oesnira, and requir- 
ing the same treatment. Synonymes: 1, Co- 



litmnea a^ro-nMens; 2, DcUbergdria pkcentcea, 
AUopl^tua pTutnicea, BesUria aangulnra. 

nhreo-nltensl Tellow 9, 8. Her. P. 1} Columbia 1847 
ph(BnIoea2 . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. 2 N. Grenada ISM 

CoLLikA, Dfl CandolU, See ChrysantfUllum — 
8peci6sa, trin^rvis. 

CollAnia, Herbert. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarylliddctce. '* It is much to be lamented 
that seeds of the CoUdniaSf as well as nume- 
rous species of splendid Bo7ndrea3f have not 
been gathered by collectors, and remitted to 
Europe. Most of them would liYe out of 
doors in England, with a little covering in 
winter of sawdust, leaves, or ashes, and pro- 
bably in the South of Europe, would require 
no care,^ except, perhaps, watering in dry 
summers.* I wish that* I could excite some of 
our wealthy cultivators to turn their thoughts 
to the acquisition of the^ie plants, and their 
numerous kindred, which are profusely scat- 
tered over the slopes of the Andes, and waste 
their beauties in the woods, as yet unnoticed 
by any European traveller." Herbert on Bul- 
bous Plants, 1837. 

AndinamardLna Red gr. 4, 6. Her. P. 6 Peru . 1843 
dtUcis .... Pa.cr.gr. 8, G. Her. P. 8 Peru . 1345 

GollInia. See UrceoUna, 

GoLLAPSiNO, the act of closing or falling to- 
gether. 

CoLiiMA, Hoffmann. From the Greek kolla^ 
glue ; all the species are gelatinous. Li7in. 
24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Collemdceas. A rather ex- 
tensive genus of LidienSf varying from half 
an inch to three inches high, found in a variety 
of situations, some being on the trunks and 
roots of trees, some on rocks, and others on 
old walls and dry banks, &c — Burgissii, cera^ 
noides, eheiUum, eorrugdtum, cretdceum, crU- 
pum, dermatinium, fasciculdre, fldcciduvn^ Jiu- 
vidle, frdgile, frdgrans^ f&rvumy granuldtum, 
Ideerumf limbsum, meldmumy m. margindle^ 
mierojihpllumf multipdrlUumf muscicdla^nigriS' 
eenSj nigrum^ palmdtum, plicdtile, saturnXnum^ 
Schraddrif scotinum, 8. siniuUum, spojigidsum, 
aUbtiUy synalissumf tinaXy tenuissimum, tremel' 
loideSf tunoefdrme, iHrgidum. 

CoLLEMJLcEiE. A small order of flowerless 
plants, intermediate betwixt Algols and Li- 
ehsTiSf having the thallus of an Alga, and the 
fruit of a Lichen, 

CouimA. A name given by Commerson, in 
honour ofi his friend and countryman M. Col- 

. let, a writer upon the plants of Brest. Linn, 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bhamndcea. Ornamental 
shrubs, varying from two to five feet high. 
For culture and propagation, see RelanUla, 
Synonymes : 1, C, flrox ; 2, C. h^rrida ; 3, 
C. emeiata, 

Bictonidnsls S White . 5, F. Ev. 8. S 8. America 1856 
EphMia . . Green . 6, G. Ev. 8. 8 Chile . . 1828 
h6rrida 1 . . Gah. w. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Chile . . 1882 
obcortlAta . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. a 2 Peru . . 1822 
serratif&lia . TeUow 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Peru . . 1822 
spinbea 2 . . Apetal 6. 8. Ev. 8. 2 Peru . . 1823 

ColliguAja, Molina, The name ^ven to it by 
the natives. Linn, 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Bu- 



COL 



150 



COL 



phorbidcecB. A shrab of considerable merit, 
though little known in cultivation, 
odorffera . Yel. wht . 4, G. Et. S. 6 Chile . . 1831 
CoLiiNSiA, NuUall. In honour of Zac. Collins* 
vice-president of \he Academy of Natura^ 
Sciences, Philadelphia. Linn, 14, Or. 2, Nat* 
Or. Scropkularidceoe, A most elegant genus 
of hardy annuals : the seeds of the different 
kinds need only to be sown in the borders of 
the flower-garden early in spring, they will 
then flower beautifully during summer, and 
ripen plenty of seeds ; to obtain flowering 
plants early in spring, the seed must be sown 
in autumn. 

bartsiaafdlla . Pk. pur. «, H. A. 1 
blcolor . . . Pur.wh. 6, H. A- U California 1883 
fflba . . . White . 6, H. A. ij CaUfomia 1851 
candidlflniina White . 6, H. A. 1 California 
Krandifl6ra . Plcblue 6, H. A. 1 Columbia 1826 
hetoroph^lla. Lilac . 7, H. A- 1^ Columbia 1838 
marmor&ta . 6, H. A. 1 California 

multicolor . Cr.Ii.wh.6, H. A. 1 California 1849 
parvifltoi . . Pnr. bL 6, H. Tr. A. i Columbia 1826 
v&ma . . . Pur. bl. 6, H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1812 

Collins6nia. Named by Linnaeus in honour 
of his friend Petor Collinson, F.B.S., a dis- 
tinguished promoter of botany. Linn. 2, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Lamidcece, A genus of pretty 
plants, growing upwards of three feet nigh ; 
they succeed well in common garden soil, par- 
ticularly if they are planted in a moist situa- 
tion ; they are increased by. dividing at the 
roots. 

anis&ta . . . Tel. 10, H. Her. P. 8 Carolina . 1806 
canadensis . LL yL 0, H. Her. P. S N. America 1736 
cordAta . . Li. yl. 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. America 1734 
ov&ta . . . Li. yL 9, H. Her. P. 8 N. America 1734 
ovMis . . . YeL . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Carolina . 1812 
scabritlflcula . Rd.yl. 8, O. Her. P. 2 B. Flor. . 1776 
tuberbsa . . YeL . 8, H. Tu. P. 2 Carolina . 1806 

Coll6uia, NuUall. Derived from h)Ua, glue ; 
referring to the seeds. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. PolemonidcecB. A genus of annuals, pos- 
sessing little beauty in their flowers ; they 
require the same treatment as Collinsia. Sy- 
Tumymea: 1, Phlox linedtriSf C, linearis, O. 
cocdnea, C. laterUia; 2, C, laterUta. 
Ckvanill^eii 1 Bd. yl. 6, H. A. H Chile . . 1832 
coocfnea 3 . Brick . 7, H. A. 1 Chile . . 1832 
gilioldes . . Pink . 8, H. A. 1 California . 1833 
glutindea . . Bed . 9, H. A. 1 CaUfomia . 1833 
grdcilia . . Rose . 6, H. A. i N. Amer. . 18*27 
grandifl6ra . Pk. or. 7, H. A. 2 Columbia . 1826 
heteroph^Ua Pink . 7, H. A. } Cohmibia . 1826 
line&rla . . Red . 6, H. A. j N. Amer. . 1826 

ColobIchne, Jicemer. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

Grami7iAcece — vaginata. See AlopecHrus. 
CoLOcAsiA, Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Ardtcece. 

Requiring the same treatment as CalAdium. 

Synonymes: 1, Arum Colocdsia; 2, CdUudium 

odor&lum. 

ontiqubrum 1 Brown 0, G. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1551 

esctd&ita . . Or. pur. 6, 8. Her. P. 2 8. Amer. 1739 

odor&to 2 . . Gr. br. 5, S. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1810 

CoLOCYKTH. See CUcumia Coloepnthis. 

CoLOCYNTH RESIK. See Ciicumis Colocpnthis. 

ColooAnia, Kunth. In honour of the family of 
Cologan, of Port Orotavo in TenerifFe, from 
whom the men of science visiting that island 
exx>erience the greatest hospitality. Linn. 17, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabdceie, A beautiful genus 



of climbers. For culture and propagation, see 
Olitdria, Synonyme: 1, Cliidria BrousaondHi. 
angustifblia . Violet B. £▼. Tw. 3 Mexico . . 1827 
BroufisonbtUl Violet & Er. Tw. 3 1627 

CoLOMBAWOOD. See Cosdnium fcnestrdlum, 

Colombo root. See C6cculus palmdius. 

Coloph6nia, Commerson. Its name in the Isle 
of France is Bois de Coiophone. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat Or. Burserdeeoe. An ornamental tree, 
scarcely known in collections. For pulturo 
and propagation, see BoswiUia. 
mauritiiUia . Purple 4, 8. Et. T. 20 Mauritius . 182G 

OoLOQtJTNELLA. See Chie&rUta aiirdniia. 

Coloquintida gourd. See Oikumis Colocpn- 
thus. 

Col5bans, changeable, coloured. 

Oolorate, coloured, painted. 

Colp5on. Sec Fusdnus. 

Colp5on-tree. See Casslne Colpbon. 

CoLQUHotiNiA, Wall. In honour of Sir Robert 
Colquhoun. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lami- 
dceoj. A pretty scarlet climber, nearly hardy, 
and requiring to be grown in sandy loam and 
peat ; cuttings will grow if planted in sand, 
under a glass, in a gentle heat. 
coGcInea . Or. scar. 5, F. Ev. CI. 6 E. Indies . . 1840 

Colt's-poot. See TussiUigo. 

CoLUBBliirA, Richard. From holuber, a snake ; 
alluding to the appearance of the twisted sta- 
mens. ZAnn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bhamndceee. 
Plants of little beauty, and scarcely worth 
cultivating except in general collections ; loam 
and peat suits them, and cuttings of the young 
wood root readily in sand, under a glass. Sy- 
nonymes: 1, CeanUhus asidticus ; 2, C. cuhhi- 
sis; 8, C. colubrlna; 4, C recUndtus. 
asiitica 1 . . Pa. yel. 7, G. Ev. 8. 10 Ceylon . 1691 
eubtosis 2 . Crim. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Cuba . . 1820 
ferrufiinteaS. Green . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Bahama . 1762 
- redii^ta 4 . Green . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Jamaica . 1768 

ColubrIna, relating to snakes. 

CoLUMBUYE. See AquiUgia. 

CoLUMBiNUS, resembling a dove in shape or 
colour. 

CoLUMBO ROOT. See Ciccuhis poXmdius. 

CoLUM^LLiA. Named by Jacquin after the 
celebrated Geoponic writer, L. J. M. Colu- 
mella, a Spaniard, who flourished about forty- 
two years A.C. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. 
Columtllidceai. A greenhouse biennial, grow- 
ing in any common soil. Synonyms : 1, Nest^ 
l^a biennis — biennis 1. 

CoLUMELLiAcRE. A Small order consisting of 
evergreen shrubs or trees of no particular 
beauty— not far removed from Jasmines. 

CoL^MNEA, Plumier. In honour of Fabius 
Columna, of the noble family of Colonna, in 
Italy. lAniu 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesnerdcece. 
Pretty flowering plants, growing well in a 
mixture of loam and peat, and striking readily 
from cuttings ; the plants must be carefully 
watered or tJiey will soon rot ; they require a 
dry part of the house. Synonyines: 1, C. 
rotundi/^lia, specidsa; 2, C. grandifidra, Ne- 
mat47ithus GuUlefninidna. See Stemddia, Al- 
lopUctus, ColldndrOf and Netnatdrdhus. 
aurantlAca . Orange 6, 8. Ev. CI. 1 N. Grenada 1850 
cnuwifdUa .Rose 10, 8. Ev. 8. 1 1837 



COL 



151 



COM 



hinllta . . Pa. pur. 9, 8. Ev. B. S Jamaica . 1T80 

hlBplda . . Scarlet 0, &.£▼.& | Jamaica . 1824 

rtitilaiiB . . Purple 9, S. Ey. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1823 

flctfndena 1 . Scarlet 8, 8. Er. CL 6 W. Indiee 17&9 

Schieditoa . Orange 6, 8. Ev. Tw. \ Mexico . 1840 

■pltedensS .Scarlet 7, S. Sv. 8. | BmcU 

trifoMta . . Blue . 9, 8. Ey. a 8 1823 

CoiiTRiA, JL Brown. From kolouroa, deprived 
of a tail ; in reference to the seed wanting that 
appendage. Linn. 12, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Mosdceoe. 
A pretty species, thriving best in a mixture of 
post and loam, and increased by divisions. 
Synonyme: 1, Oium potentUldkdes. 
potontilloldee 1 Orange 6, H. Her. P. \ Siberia . 1780 

CoLtJRNA. See C6rylus ColUma, 

CoLtfTBA, Linn. Supposed to be from koltto, to 
amputate ; they are said to die if the branches 
are cut off. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Pa- 
bdeeoe. All the species of Bladder-Senna, on 
account of the great profusion of flowers, and 
their continuing in oloom the most of the 
season, are weU adapted for the shrubbery ; 
they thrive in any common soil, and are in- 
creased by seeds, or cuttings planted in the 
autumn. C. arboriscens is purgative. Syno- 
nynu: 1, 0. Poc6ckii. See Sphcerosphpsaf 
and Sutherldndia. 

orbordBoena . TeUow 7, H. De. 8. 10 France . 1548 
cru^nta . . . Scarlet 0, H. De. 8. 4 Leyant . 1710 
haldppica 1 . ToUow 8, H. Do. 8. 6 Levant . 1752 
znMla . . . Orange 7, H. De. 8. 10 
nepolAisla . . Tellow 8, H. Do. 8. 6 Nepal . . 1822 

CoLYiLLEA, Bqfer. In honour of Sir Charles 
Colville, Governor of the Mauritius. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabdceoe. A splendid tree, 
from forty to fifby feet high ; little is at present 
known of its cultivation, 
rooemoea . Scarlet . 4, 8. Ev. T. 40 ICadagaacar 

CoLTMBfeA. See AraucAria imbriedta. 

Colza or Coi£A. See Brdssica campistris. 

CoMACLfNiUM. See Conoelinium. 

OoMiiKDRA, NttUall. Derived from koiney hair, 
and aneVf anther ; in allusion to the tuft of 
hair attached to the anthers, linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Santalhcea. A hardy plant of some 
merit, thriving in a mixture of loam and peat, 
and increased by divisions. Synonymes: 1, 
Thisium umbelldium, ffamiltbnia umbelldlum, 
umbellita . 1 Green . 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amar. 1782 

CoMARiSPSis, Richard. From komaron, the 
comarum, and opgiSf appearance; because of 
its resemblance to Marsn Cinquefoil. Linn. 
12, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Bosdeece. Pretty herba- 
ceous plants. For culture and propagation, 
see Oeum. Synonymes: 1, Dalibdraa Jraga- 
ridides, Waldstelnia Donidna; 2, D. fraga- 
rUAdes. 

Doni&na 1 . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. I N. Amer. 1800 
IhtgarioldesS White . 5, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 1808 

CoharostXfhtlis, Endl. From homaroSf the 
Arbutus, and staphyles, a bunch of grapes. 
Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. BricacMs. Pretty 
half hardy plants, resembling Arbutus. They 
may be raised from seeds, or be budded upon 
the Arbutus. 

arbutoldes . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. Guatemala 1842 
poIif51ia . , Crimson 5, G. Ev. 8. Guatemala 1840 

CovAR6ns, Lindley. See Camarbtia, 



CdMARUic, Linn. Derived from komaron, the 
Arbutus ; on account of the similarity of its 
fruit. Lmtu 12, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Bosdceee. In- 
teresting plants, growing in any moist soil, 
and increased by divisions. Synonymes: 1, 
Fragdria sterilis; 2, PoUntUla C6marum. 
Aragarioldee 1 White . 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., banks, 
paltistre 2 . . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Brit, bogs, 
variegfttum. Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Brit, gwd. 

ComAtus, tufted. 

OoMAtTREA. See ChrysScoma Comadrea. 

CombretA.ce2S. An extensive order of small 
trees and shrubs, some of considerable beauty. 
All are natives of the tropics. 

CoMBR&TUH, Lcejffling. A name given to a 
climbing plant by Pliny. Linn. 8, Or. ], 
Nat. Or. Combretdcece. Plants surpassed by 
few in the elegance and brilliancy of their 
blossoms ; they all thrive well in loam and 
peat, and cuttings of the young wood root 
readily in a pot of sand, in a moist heat, with 
a elass over them. The climbing species are 
well adapted to training up the rafters, or 
covering the trellis-work in a stove. Syno- 
nymes: 1, C. macroph^llum; 2, C. Idxwn. 
See Pdivrea. 

AoganB . . Scarlet . 5, 8. Ev. CL 12 Brazil . 1820 
farindmun . Ora. red 5, 8. Ev. CL 10 Mexico . 1825 
formdsum . YeL red 3, 8. Ev. CL 8 Bradl . 1824 
grandifi6nim Scarlet . 5, 8. Ev. 8. 6 8. Leone. 1824 
latifbUum 1 . Scarlet . 5, 8. Ev. CL 10 E. Ind. . 1844 
l&cimi . . White . 8, 8. Ev. CI. 6 8. Amer. 1822 
micrtfnthum. Scarlet . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 2 8. Leone . 1826 
nluximi . . White . 8. Ev. 8. 2 Nepal . 1826 
panicuUtum Scariet . 9, & Ev. CL 80 Guinea . 1824 
Pincetoum . Pur. red 6, 8. Ev. CL 8 8. Leone . 1845 
racem6sum . White . 5, 8. Ev. CL 12 Benin . 1826 
secftndum 2. YeL str. 5, 8. Ev. CL 10 Trinidad. 1818 

CloMESF^RMA, LdMUardilre. From kovnt, the 
hair of the head, and sperma, a seed ; alluding 
to the tuft of hairs at the end of the seed. 
Linn. 14, Or. 6, Nat Or. PolygaId<xce. These 
species are well worthy of cultivation, succeed- 
ing best in sandy loam and peat, and young 
cuttings will root fi-eely in sand, under a glass, 
cordifdiia . Purple . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. HoII. . 1822 
eric)na . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 N. HolL . 1882 
gitfcilis. . Bluo . . 4, G. De. Tw. 6 Australia. 1884 

CoMFRET. See Symphytum. 

Ck>iff NIA. See SehmidUia ComUiia. 

Ck)incELtyA, Linn. In honour of J. and G. 
Commelin, famous Dutch botanists. Zdwn, 3, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Commelyndcece. Some of the 
plants of this genus are very handsome ; the 
stove kinds grow freely in a mixture of sandy 
loam and peat, and are increased by divisions 
or seeds. The hardy kinds thrive in common 
garden soil, and are increased by offsets from 
the roots, or by seeds; the annual n)ecie8 
require the same treatment as other nardy 
and tender annuals. Synonyms : 1, C, benga- 
Unsis. 

nfric&na . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. Tr. 1 C. G. H. . 1750 
angustlf 61ia . Blue . 6, F. Ev. Tr. k Carolina. 1827 
bengal^naia . Blue . 6, 3. Ev. Tr. S Bengal . 1704 
CavenndnalB. Blue . 6, 8. Ev. Tr. \ Guiana . 1823 
canp^naiii . Blue . 6, 8. Her. P. 1^ Trinidad. 1826 
carolini&na . Pur.bl. 6, H. Ev. Tr. 1 America . 1782 
ccel^tia . . Blue . 6, 8. Her. P. 1} . 1818 

commhnifl . Pur.bL 6, H. A. l( America. 1732 

cucullUta 1 . Blue . 7, G. A. 1 BnuKU . 1825 

cytoea . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. Tr. 1 N. HolL . 1820 



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