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Yol. I. 


No. 2. 

Were we to state that, in our honest 
Opinion, the average J>roftssiofial penman is 
incapable of succesifuUy imparting to a 
pupil a strong, sensible and durable busi- 
ness handwriting, we should, doubtless 




almost persuaded that in so doing we 
should but echo that which every day 
makes clearer and more unmistakable to 
the commercial community. Not long 
since, a man of affairs remarked to me that 
the time he had spent in learning to write 
was simply tinie lost! He explained that 
it was not because writing was of no use 
to him, but that he found the style which 
he so laboriously acquired under the 
tuition of a writing master of no practical 
utility. When subjected to the lest of use 
in actual business, the old story of a rapid 
deterioration to a mere scrawl was the 
natural result. With such an astounding 
accumulation of evidence against the meth- 
ods of teaching business writing which 
are so largely in vogue among the members 
of our fraternity, it becomes a matter of 
pressing importance that we enter upon 
an honest investigation, and that we en- 
deavor to discover the defects in our 
theories, though through that discovery 
we may be forced to abandon some favor- 
ite belief, or to discard some long practiced 
teaching habit. 

There is no one thing which so efTectu- 
ally serves to create, in the minds of busi- 
ness men, a dislike for the business college 
or which aids in robbing those institutions 
of their rightful sphere in the business 
world, as the actual failure of their writing 
teachers to afford proper training in this 
branch. It sounds very agreeable and 
soothing to our sensitive aurical append- 
ages, to occupy space in our journals in 
congratulating one another on \\\^ luonder- 
ful progress ice are maJiing ; of the rapid 
strides we are taking in the direction of 
advance theories in teaching ; but while 
we are, indiscreetly, resting in a state of 
perfect tranquillity over the grand results 
that are being achieved, it does not stifle 
the cry for a reform which the outside 
world is uttering, nor satisfy the demands 
which practical people are making upon 
our institutions for instruction in writing 
which shall produce just the results needed 
when the school is exchanged for the 
counting room. Other subjects of the 
curriculum are taught in a manner which 
more nearly conforms to the usages and 
practices of the world ; but writing is 
treated as though in its acquisition the 
pupil must rear a delicately beautiful and 
artistic structure : as though the only uses 

to which it is expected that it shall be de- 
voted are the subserving of and ministering 
to the art taste. 

The time must come when the style of 
writing and the kind of movements taught 
in the business college and those used in 
the transaction of actual business shall be 
identical — the latter only a more complete 
development of the former. Until this 
is accomplished, we have an important 
work to do,which it is educational sacrilege 
to ignore or neglect. The teacher must 
become the possessor of a rapid and legible 
business hand, as well as of the esthetic 
and ornate; he must mingle with and 
become accustomed to the practices of 
business men, and familiar with the usages 
of business establishments. Let him con- 
sult the tastes of book-keepers, office 
clerks, telegraph operators and posl-ofhce 
employes as to what they regard as the 
most practical forms and the most availa- 
ble movements in business writing. 

We must try to bring about a reconcili- 
ation between the business college and the 
business community, and an advance step 

from a prjctical standpoint, than is great 
proficiency in the higher branches of the 



MvEsTEE.MF.D Palmkr— The Stolid and 
haughty personage who flings my mail in 
at the door in a savage manner twice each 
dav, brought me, this morning, ihe last 
issue of the Western Penman. For three 
and a half years, the modest wrapper 
which encloses this widely admired little 
magazine, has followed and overtaken me 
—although during that time I have wan- 
dered among some of the waste places of 
our side of the globe. Before your first 
number was materialized, if you will re- 
member, I hastened to contract for twelve 
of its visits, and since those far-gone days, 
it has never quite deserted me. Through 
its columns I have poured the ripest of 
ray mental fruits — the best of my pub- 

Ijreseiilb tlie pl^iin wiiUng of I'kui. \V. H. I'AlKitJk, Balliir 

as much laigcr than tlie cul. wns an elegant piece of writing, and was prepared 

especially for the Herald. The engraving is far inferior to the copy. 

is made in that line when we recognize the 
fact that, in all probability, some of the 
complaints against our system are, in part, 
just ones. It is rather inconsistent for a 
teacher in a business college to assume 
the responsibility of training a young man 
for some position in the world of commerce 
which he, himself, would be utterly incapa- 
ble of filling. How many of the instruc- 
tors in our commercial schools could step 
into a business office and discharge, in a 
satisfactory manner, the duties of a practi- 
cal book-keeper or correspondent ? Not 
many, I am convinced. 

It is a too common habit with presidents 
of this class of schools to regard the abil- 
ity of a penman to write an artistic style 
as a sufficient pass port in admitting him 
to his faculty as a writing teacher. \Vhile 
we would be far from uttering a word to the 
detriment of the artistic and ornamentalin 
pen-art, we do candidly believe that in a 
business college teacher, the ability to 
write a strong, plain hand and to impart 
it to pupils, is of far greater importance, 

lished articles — however weak and flimsy, 
full of substanceless and hollow argument 
they may have been adjudged by yourself 
and readers. Because of the prominent 
place I have always assigned to your lively 
publication in my collection of periodical 
treasures, I trust that you will not think 
strangely of me for manifesting a vital and 
earnest interest in the somewhat pro- 
nounced editorial which appeared in the 
current number, and which carelessly 
picks up myself and my new joLirnalistic 
enterprise, and tosses us about, over the 
waves of merciless and destructive criti- 
cism, in a perfectly cool and matter-of-fact 

I cannot help believing that your re- 
view, coming, as it did, before you exam- 
ined a copy of the Herald, was more the 
result of a misunderstanding of my inten- 
tions in the literary line, than of a dispo- 
sition on your part to depreciate my ven- 
ture, simply because it does not propose 
to adopt all the features of nor imitate 
in every detail, the paper over which you 

have the honor of presiding. I am thank- 
ful for your advice— not so much for its 
value, however, as for the spirit which, I 
like to hope, prompted it. I am some- 
what surprised that you should adopt the 
decayed form of criticism which invariably 
refers to the inexperience of the subject, if, 
perchance, the frosts have not congealed 
his youthful spirits. Why, my dear 
Palmer, we are all inexperienced. Can 
any of us assume to have passed so many 
of life's dark places, and to have so thor- 
oughly inculcated the lessons that are 
thus afforded, that we can avoid stumb- 
ling ? Ves, I do not blush to acknowl- 
edge that I am young — almost a boy, in 
fact. Yet I have encountered a sufficient 
number of the rough places in the pathway 
of years to give to me not an inconsidera- 
ble portion of that acquired insight which 
we are in the habit of calling practical 

Ji. * ¥ * * 

In my new paper I shall not recognize 
the fact, if it be a fact, that what you are 
pleased to term " long-winded articles " 
are an essential ingredient in a venture 
which claims literary merit. In my esti- 
mation, the highest attainable excellence 
in composition is the ability to embody 
the most real, rORCiixE and INTENSI- 
FIED MEANING, in the least possible 
entangling of word foliage. In our attempts 
to be brief we should always endeavor to 
avoid abruptness and inelegance, angular- 
ity and harshness. Even when presenting 
matter of the most sternly practical nature, 
we Cun render our ideas far mure forcible 
and pleasing by lending to our style of 
word pictures that wave-like grace and rest- 
ful freshness of expression which character- 
ize the productions of proficient journal- 
ists, I am unable to disconnect the re- 
lations which, in my opinion, a periodical 
should sustain to journalism, and which 
journalism sustains toward literature. I 
look upon them as a sort of trinity. The 
idea of a publication is always closely 
allied with the idea of journalism. The 
presenting of designs in art must be made 
supplementary to the journalistic or literary 
matter, or the periodical loses that element 
which gives it character. 

You refer to the fact that those in search 
of literature in its higher forms never seek 
it among the lists of penmen's papers. If 
they had any assurance of finding it, they 
would surely not hesitate to do so. I often 
fall to wondering why this is so, and I can 
come to no other conclusion than that the 
penmanship editors have educated the 
people wrongly. The reading public are 
not prejudiced in favor of any class of 



magazines lo such a degree ihat they will i Al least three desires impelled me to 
not search for merit outside of the recog- enter this work, and you will, doubtless, 
nized channels. A display of true genius i comprehend nie more fully when you are 
cannot be hidden. It will be discovereif, \ made aware of their nature. The all-im. 
and it makes little difference lo the cul-iportant one, from which springs the tiio, 
tured as to where the blaze bursts forth. consists of a strange and intense love for 
No, my brother editor, I do not expect I the profession of penmanship and the 

the home circle, and there inspire the 
youth to higher aims, and better effort, 
in a chirographic sense. In view of the 
fact that writing is so sorrowfully neg- 
lected, parents could be easily persuaded 
lo jjlace a penman's ])aper in the bands 
of their boys and girls, rould they feel 


refreshing and invig- 
orating in our journalistic world. In a 
penman's paper they e.xpect to find mate- 
ria! for an occasional hour of pleasant and 
helpful reading. 

There are a great many penmen who 
sadly need the higher style of lileraturc, 
and they will never procure it unless it 

.. ■r7^fy>^//f'r^^'jff/f//n/^ 









gratifying results in my work for long 
years yet My ideal Pen-Art Herald 
is so far superior to the present, actual 
one, that I should not feel that an injus- 
tice had been done me were the members 
of our profession to refuse me even a 
smattering of material support. 

work of teaching. I should count no 
sacrifice too great were the end to be 
attained the advancement of our work. 
I believe that in no way can we more 
surely move forward than by enlisting the 
power and influence of the press in our 
behalf. We must secure admission into 

safe in doing so. Unfortunately, the ma- 
jority of our papers are addicted to the 
use of slang phrases, and it is useless to 
deny the fact that the general reading 
matter is far from elevating, inspiring or 
purifying in its general tone. 

There is a class of teachers who long 

can be obtained in connection with the 
journals of their profession. 

From this tedious recital of my plans 
and expectations as connected with my 
Herald, I trust that you will conclude 
that it deserves to live. With fraternal 




When a man does some worihy thing 
in a manner thai indicates genius; when 
one, by utilizing his every power, forces 
himself to the front ; when his accomplish- 
ments are brought into such bold relief 
that [>eople are forced to notice them — 
then, it is perfectly natural ihat those who 
are striving to attain to a like eminence 
should desire to know something definite 
in regard to the circumstances under which 
he has labored— in order that the causes 
of his success may be discovered. The 
study of biography is never an unpleasant 
or irksome one. It is a sort of delightful 
pastime to glance over the events and oc 
currences of another's life ; especially is 
this so if his pathway has been leading to 
the same centre towards which our own 

One of our own brothers, who is a 
fitting representative of the ' wctc south " 
—Prof. H. J. Williamson, of Richmond, 
Va., has a record of which he may appro- 
priately boast. His earliest glimpses of 
the world were obtained among the mel- 
ancholy AUeghenies of Virginia, in 1859. 

He arrived upon our planet in rather a 
critical period, as the chronologist will re- 
call. In justice to our friend we must 
say, that his better instincts induced him 
to remain neutral during the progress of 
the rebellion ; the same can be said of a 
great many of our now prominent profes- 
sionals. This aversion to informal and 
careless fencing, which he silently manifes- 
ted at so early an age, has found its more 
practical development in his career since 
that time, as he has shown an unmistakable 
preference for the pen — having mastered, 
himself, and drilled numerous scattered 
armies in penmanistic tactics. 

The stream of events which are looked 
upon as essentials of a biography may be 
recited as follows from his life calender: 

His father's fortune was largely sacri- 
ficed in the civil conflict which occurred 
during the morning twilight of his years. 
Inheriting an energy which is the offspring 
of that sombre period of our history, he 
longed to excel in everything attempted, 
and was capable of performing the farm 
work of a man while merely a boy in 
strength and age. Until twelve years of 
age he worked upon his father's place, per- 
sonifying the tanned, barefoot boy which 
Whittier dreams into poetical life. The 
only essential difference in the boy of the 
poem and the sprightly youngster of whom 
we are compiling remarks, consisted in 
that the latter sometimes had his back, as 
well as his cheek, tanned. We are not 
justified, by the data on our table, in 
stringing this irrelevant comment on the 
rosary of Mr. Williamson's biography ; bu 
our own early experience in the same sec 
tion of country suggests the statement. A 
this time his father sustained heavy losse 
by fire, and, as his was a nature cravin) 
independence, he procured employment 
in a store, working upon a very small sal- 
ary for five years. During this period a 
lew copies of the old "Western Penman " 
came into his possession. The usual results 
resulted resultanily. The fires were kin- 
dled ! He was wild with his newly found 
love for beautiful penmanship, and vowed 
that he would one day possess the ability 
to execute those graceful forms which had 
burned themselves into his mind. 

In order to carry out his resolve he 
squared his laundry bills, purchased a box 

preposterous to suppose that anything 
short of an ideal success will attend this 

As a teacher, the Professor is a power. 
His whole soul is in the work, and his 
genial manner and infectious enthusiasm 
gain for him at once the entire confidence 
and esteem of his pupils. 

.\s a man, he is possessed of such a 
catalogue of liberal traits as are rarely 
combined in an individual. We know 
him to be broad-hearted and noble; there 
is not a trace of selfish narrowness in his 

He is a spicy and interesting literary 
writer, as is evidenced by his able and 
bright editorial work on that model speci- 
men of a live penman's paper, "The 
Writing Teacher." 

He is single. That he may succeed in 
getting married and in all of his future 
endeavors in even a greater degree than 
that which has followed him in the past, 
is earnestly hoped by the editor of the 
Pen Art Herald. 

of new paper collars, and found hi: 
to Washington, taking a course in 
writing of Prof. H. C. Spencer. 

Returning to his loved Virginia, 1 
ganized a class in penmanship. 
Lawn, numbering over seventy-five pupils. 
His success as an itinerant was immediately 
established. He taught constantly for some 
time, traveling over nearly every southern 

way built up an immense card business among 
plain his former pupils. 

Entering the teaching field again, he 
le or-! located at Richmond. Beginning with a 
small class, his numbers have constantly 
increased until he has enrolled, during 
the past two years, over fifteen hundred 
pupils! He has spent large sums in fur- 
nishing his school with every convenience 



state, instructing classes in 
Colleges, Private Schools, Cities and towns 
In 'S3 he accepted a position in the U. £ 
Cuslom-House at Newport News, Va., a 
a salary of $3.00 per day. This situalioi 
he held with great success until the oftic 

and facility which refined taste could sug- 
gest; and in his classes are found young 
men and ladies from many of the best 
families of that proud southern city. 

Having secured more commodious 
quarters and trained assistance, he has 

was discontinued. At the same time he j merged his school into a regularly 
kept up his teaching at odd hours, and | equipped Business College. It would be 

One of the pleasing and distinguishing 
features of '*A Series oi- Lessons in 
Plain Writing," to the advertisement of 
which we would call especial attention, is 
the surprisingly low figure at which the 
work is sold. We can honestly assure 
our younger readers that as a guide to 
successful self-teaching, it is well worth 
live times the amount asked for iL In 
thus placing a standard and unexcelled 
work within the reach of everyone, the 
publishers and authors, Professors Putman 
and Kinsley, have shown an aggressive 
spirit whi:h is, in the highest sense, com- 
mendable. They rely on the merits of 
the work for returns, and if this genera- 
tion has not grown entirely unapprecia- 
tive, we feel sure that the immense out- 
lays of money and labor which these 
gentlemen have made in order to perfect 
and bring before the public their " Les- 
sons," will yield them, ultimately, ample 

Packard's Commercial Arithmetic, an 
advertisement of which may be found in 
this issue, is the laU-si, and we feel no 
hesitation in saying that it is the l>fst work 
of its kind now in the catalogue of treat- 
ises upon practical computation. The 
author is not quite a stranger to Business 
College people, so we deem it unneces- 
sary to enter upon a recital of his qualifi- 
cations for producing just the sort of an 
arithmetic which the people of to-day de- 
mand. It contains lucid presentations 
of all the late imiirovements in short 
methods, and to all who have any use for 
an arithmetic — which, of course, will in- 
clude a number of persons — this book 
will prove a thing of value and a text-book 
forever. N. B. — We have never exam- 
ined a copy of the above work. 

The September number of the popular 
Weskrti Penman, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
is fully up to the high artistic standard for 
which it is noted. It contains a lengthy 
review of our paper, written before the 
editor had seen a copy. Feeling ttiat, in 
a measure, it was unjust, we comment 
upon it in this issue. Let it be under- 
stood, however, that the two papers are on 
perfectly friendly terms. 


Zhc pcn=art "flJeralb 

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In our autumn-time of the ages, indi- 
viduals have arrived at that state of in- 
credulity which demands a reason for 
everything, A more critical and a more 
questioning spirit has 
taken possession of the 
masses. A more uni- 
versal understanding of 
the application of scien- 
tific truths to the com- 
mon matters of life has 
resulted in effective 
deaih-blows to super- 
stition. Under the burn- 
ing light of scientific re- 
search, the veiled mys- 
teries of magicians and 
sorcerers are yielding 
their secrets. Mankind 
are coming to the belief 
that all incomprehensi- 
ble phenomena are 
wrought through a dex- 
terous manipulation of 
material causes. All of 
the awe-inspiring per- 
formances of jugglers, 
the hidden workings of 
supposed fairies, and 
the improbable tradi- 
tions that have followed 
the human race down 
the stream of generations, arc being sifted 

The results of this advance step cannot 
fail to be of very great value to those who , 
are seeking more light. The professionals 
who are in favor of a reform in styles of 
letters, by this means have an opportu- 
nity to give their ideas a full and free ex- 
pression. It is an essentially American 
notion, from the fact that it constitutes a 
sort of ballot box, through which the 
teachers may have a chance to indicate 
their preferences, so far as the matter of 
forms of letters is concerned. Although 
we are not warranted in saying it, we sup-; 
pose that the Professor intends that the 
results of this investigation shall have an 
influence in the future revisions and mod- 
ifications of the "Spi- NXERiAN,' and should 
such be the case, he will do more to ini- 
tiate that system into public and profes- j 
sional favor than has ever yet been done. 

The teacher, on account of mingling so ' 
little in the hurry and bustle of the outside 
world, is too apt to relax into a state of 
inertness, and to lose that zest and celer- 
ity which characterize the successful men 
in the various lines of commi 
ily. The influences of his lift 

arly his own, and by telling of it to a 
brother, he not only comes to a clearer 
understanding of it himself, but assists an- 
other in attaining to a more gratifying 
plane of success as an instructor. 

al activ- 

re not of 

Often, when attempting to express, in 
an intelligent style, our opinions and con- 
clusions upon a subject which it is diffi- 
cult to fathom, or when linking our ideas 
together for the inspection and criticism 
of those of our brothers, in the profession, 
who are older and in every particular our 
superiors, we experience that sort of 
timidity which comes of a consciousness 
of delving in matters beyond our full and 
complete comprehension. After some of 
our efforts to produce creditable article* 
on the subjects which have a bearing on 
the work of the writing teacher, we can- 
not dismiss the thought that in all proba- 
bility we have rendered ourself ridiculous 
through trying to subdue and naturalize 
thoughts that have eluded the author's 
grasp through all time. 

s flourished in thi 

[\y work in flourishini; 

and destroyed in lh( 
possession of a m. 
in any line of art 
as an unexpl; 
artist penma 


aldron of science. The 
velous degree of skill 
5 no longer regarded 
ind darkly mysterious 
-ained and cultured 
tw looked upon as a 
material result of certain material causes. 
A careful compliance with the fixed 
conditions which science imposes is the 
only secret of sl'i// in exettttion. The 
ability to assist others in exercising the 
same causes, in an intelligent manner, Is 
the chief secret of succeisfnl teaching. 

Professor Henry C Spencer, Principal 
of the Washington Business College, has 
lately given the profession another proof 
of his progressiveness by obtaining an 
expression of the opinions of one hundred 
of the leading teachers of penmanship, 
regarding the best forms of small and 
capital letters, figures and characters, 
judged from a practical standpoint — the 
forms selected from a sheet containing a 
great variety of the styles in conmion use, 
prepared by himself. 

such a nature as to inspire a quick per- 
ception of all possibilities for improving 
methods or of keeping up with the times. 
It seems to us that a Business College 
teacher, especially, should never allow 
himself to grow listless. There is 
always some improvement being made 
m ways of doing business and of keepmg 
accounts, and it is his duty to keep posted 
on these matters, in order that those un- 
der his charge may not be compelled to 
spend valuable lime in mastering things 
that have been discarded by the business 
world, and for which they will never have 
any use outside of the class room. 

Those teachers of penmanship who are 
animated with a desire to excel in their 
profession should correspond with each 
other at regular intervals, cultivate a 
fraternal interest in each other's work, and 
compare methods and ideas. By this 
means, those who do not desire to appear 
in the publicity of print can still have a 
channel for the expression of opinions, , 
and only mutual benefit can possibly re- 
sult. There is not a teacher in our ranks 
who has not some method which is pecul:- 

But when writing a word of encourage- 
ment, advice or friendly greeting to those 
who are on our own side of life, and who 
are living on that invisible border land 
which separates youth and manhood, we 
lose all unnatural restraint, and allow our 
thoughts to pour out in unchecked waves. 
When conversing with the "boys," we feel 
more certain of the effect which our words 
may produce. We are then in the pres- 
ence of kindred sentiments, sympathies 
and emotions. 

We have something to say to the youth- 
ful aspirant in this editorial, however, 
which is of far greater importance than 
mere idle speculations of this nature. 
From actual experience we have arrived 
at a full appreciation and understanding 
of the difficulties and hindrances which 
fill the advance pathway of the average 
boy who attempts to break the crust of 
habit in his family relations and to nttain 
to eminence in the profession of penman- 
ship. We realize, too, the danger of rash 
acting, on the part of the youth who is 
ambitious, when he is restrained and held 
back by the parental authorities. It is 
quite natural, 'inder such condition^, that 

the embryo scribe should sacrifice all of 
his opportunities for menial development 
on the common altar of an insatiable art 
craze. The pursuit of other studies is apt 
to become distasteful. Nothing seems to 
possess attractions but penmanship. And 
while the artistic instinct, in spite of the 
attempts of practical minded parents to 
suppress it, is growing and expanding, the 
qualities which lend to the character that 
charm which is imparted only through the 
full development of the intellectual at- 
tributes, are perverted and rendered in- 
active from utter neglect and disregard of 
those conditions upon which (heir enlarge- 
ment depends. 

Selfishly devoting all effort and strength 
to the pursuit of fame and perfection in 
his sptcialty, he drifts along in the swiftly 
moving current of years, seemingly uncon- 
scious of the fact that the rose-bud of life 
is fast unfolding its colors to the gaze of 
an ungracious world, and that the de- 
formed and withered leaves of this char- 
acter-flower must soon undergo that 
embarrassing exposure which follows in 
the wake of maturity and physical man- 
hood. And so, when the epoch of exist- 
ence is passed, in which 

for symmetrical training 
of the powers which 
lend to manhood its 
beauty and to character 
its divinity, the youth 
who has methodicjilly 
suppressed the growth 
of his mental faculties 
comes out of the con- 
test with a dwarfed na- 
ture, and with a very 
flimsy tinge of intellect- 
ual culture. A detest- 
- able quality of egotism, 
a selfish, narrow nature, 
a general illiteracy and 
a lack of a full realiza 
tion of the meaning of 
business ethics or moral- 
ity, compose the natural 
fruits of this plan of 

To our younger brei h 
ren we wish to say, with 
ten-fold more emphasis 
than the printer can 
indicate — do not negkd your opportit- 
niliis for educational development! Your 
future standing, professionally anc 
cially, depends on your early training. 
Though you may possess the combined 
skilLof a dozen such masters as Fhckin- 
ger and iVIadarasz, as far as execuii 
beautiful writing is concerned, that canuot 
atone for a lack of culture. The greatest 
imaginable perfection in penmanship is of 
httle use to one who is glaringly igm 
We know that this is hard doctrine for 
the youth to accept, when his every he 
throb is in unison with the music of t 
ographic beauty. It has the form o 
cold philosophy, and we are apt to accuse 
its advocate of possessing no art soul. 

is pie 

asant to 


dulge ou 

r day-dr 


and w 

e do not 


nic the cynical ph 



vho rue 



us, and 



our dre 



of their 



with fs 


e concer 

\ as thou 

h It 

an ordinary 


But the 



come m 


e, and a 

great de 

al ol 

vexation .vid 

annoyance n 

ay be spared 

us // 

we lakt i 


tilings /c 

r granted 


(ew )• 

ears sine 

f^ ■ 

</ would 

have SCO 


such theories; 


we accept them w 

th a 


Boys, let us seek the hidden beauties 
of a broader development than the art of 
penmanship will, alom, furnish. W'e are 
just ascending the stage of action : let us 
do our work with such adeptness that the 
charge of superficial mental attainments 
may never reach our ears! J'rom this 
moment^ let us^ uniledly, bid a final fare- 
welt to ignorance and narroivnesSy and 
begin, in energetic earnestness, the life of a 
more exalted intelligence t 

To i^matBur^. 



A REASON for everything, a cause for an 
effe£t and that effect to be reasoned to its 
cause, is a reasonably reasonable conclu- 
sion in determining 

a rightful opinion in 
any scientific investi- 
gation. The art of 
writing is nothing if 
not scientific. 

To deal with it 
otherwise is to place 
upon it a lower esti- 
mate than should be 
tolerated by those 
who profess to cham- 
pion the cause they 
love and espouse. 
All legitimate discus- 
sions are to be court- 
ed, and if the present 
opportunity is not 
seized it will clearly 
demonstrate a weak- 
ness with which our 
profession is charged. 
Show your colors 
and stand by them ; 
if you are deserving, 
credit will be given 
you. By comparison 
are we enabled to 
know anything. For 
this reason we should 
" Herald" every pen- 
man's paper from the 
house top, with all 
the eclat becoming 
both artisan and art- 
ist, because it is 
through these wide 
channels we are ena- 
bled to compare, to 
(onirast., to Judge, 

been indeed wonderful in these latter 
days and don't forget that the dissemina- 
tion of knowledge in our art through its 
most potent influence— the press — has 
placed its most ardent admirers upon the 
(/ui vive, watching every issue of our noble 
representations, and ever ready lo grasp 
every thread of gold each garment con- 

What is your calibre? 

What is your strength ? 

What do you know ? 

Compare, young man, compare ! Your 
record may be good to the unlettered, but 
outside the smoke of your own chimney 
your calibre would be as nothing. 

It Is a simple admission that everybody 
cannot be better than everybody else. 
Some one must be in the lead and it 
ought to be consolation enough for the 
youth and beauty of our land to be con- 
tent to fill the higher positions when their 

Confidence in one's self is 
all well enough. Earnest, honest efllort is 
all well enough : but results that mean 
something are not the sport of a day nor 
are ihey the result of superficial treatment. 

It is all well enough to attribute supe- 
rior ability in every direction to the in- 
crease of years and experience, but the 
same will not come to you without the 
assistance of science. Superficial treat- 
ment and visionary conclusions bring 
their reward, and if you desire to strengthen 
the cause and be strengthened by it you 
must dig d<ncn, down, DOWN, or you will 
be a self-constituted parasite. 

Building yourself up by pulling some 
one else down is not a law of progress, is 
not a principle that will stand severe ten- 
sion. Think for yourself and try to un- 
derstand the thoughts and expressions of 
others. A willingness to accept a plausi- 
ble theory is evidence of progress. 


E. J. KneitI of Stratford, Ontario, was 
our first Canadian subscriber. He dis- 
poses of ink in a picturesque manner. 

J. P. Medsgar of Jacob's Creek, Penn- 
sylvania, is a firm friend to educational 
papers, writes a firm style of penmanship, 
and is a thoroughly firm sort of a man, 
generally speaking. 

The popular young penman, Professor 
F. S. Heath, formerly of Epsom, New 
Hampshire, has united with the Shaw 
Commercial College, Portland, Maine. 
He is eminently fitted to discharge the 
duties of the position, and we have no 
other expectations than to hear of his 
bright success. 

C. E. Simpson, Saco, Maine, writes a 
style that many a professional might well 
covet. His work possesses that peculiar 
ease and freshness which comes of a 
ained muscular 


with ! present occupants will have served their Your calibre will be increased by com- 
light becoming this day, from a ; apprenticeship. \parison. Avail yourself of all possible 

cause to its effect and from the effect back ■ Youthful aspirations and youthful im- 
to its cause. I must have a reason, and | aginations are in the order of nature and 
to attempt to lead others upon a different \ nature's laws, but it requires age and ex- 
hypothesis is too presumptuous for com- } perience to develop judgment, to develop 
ment. To assume that our art is super fi-\z\i\y\\y^ to develop a recognized power 
cial, to lower it one jot or tittle by a proc- 1 that is at all cognizant and perceptible to 
lamation unbecoming a true and worthy j the naked eye. 

knight is a defense, which, if set u\),willnot\ If your calibre is not equal to some one 
j/(7W(/, because its author must fall by rea- j else and you can find no reason for it, 
son of comparative calibre. 1 perhaps some one else, more liberal- 

It is wisdom not to r?ze your house | minded, could suggest an idea of value. 

until you can build a better. Until your j If c 
dear little hand can produce something you: 
above and beyond the thing under con- ' by 
sideralion don't be guilty oi finding fault, l papi 
of adding suggestions, of attempting to Ly / 
offer a criticism that your youthful mind ' penmen 
never cherished I faction 

Compare your calibre and make due | their ti 
allowance in all your estimates. Remem- enough over-wet 
ber that the advance in civilization has | minish his calibri 

une and effect are not prominent in 

composition they might be cultivated 

perusal of the various penmen's 

rs. A disliki' for literature is a stamp 

He who does not read the 

s papers with a feeling of satis- 

and a willingness to profit by 

lely suggestions is a bigot with 


to di 

) the smallest possible 

means, and if you are what you shoi 
be, a firm, steady and healthy growth \ 
be yours throughout all time. 

Since our last issue a number of our 
subscribers and friends have expressed 
their admiration for the lesson which was 
given in that number by the talented 
teacher, Professor C. N. Crandle of 
Dixon, Illinois. We shall endeavor to 
induce the gentleman to continue his ar- 
ticles in future numbers. For many 
years. Professor Crandle has occupied 
a prominent place among progressive in- 
structors ,in pen-art, and we feel compli- 
mented by the substantial interest he has 
taken in our new venture^confident, as 
we are, that we can do our constituents 
no greater service than tha! 
continuance of his valuable articles, 

movement. He in- 
forms us that he is 
taking lessons by 
mail from Williams, 
and that for much of 
his skill he is in- 
debted to that gen- 

W. I. Todd, Wal. 
lingford, Connecticut, 
has convinced us of 
the fact that he is a 
splendid business 
penman through 
some neat and rap- 
idly written letters, 
lately dispatched by 
him in search of our 

The most superbly 
executed specimen of 
letter writing we 
have received for 
many a day comes 
from Professor H.VV_ 
Shaylor, Portland, 
Maine, who is well 
known as one of the 
most skillful pen- 
artists in America. 

Professor D. B. 
Hanson, Columbus, 
Ohio, whose card ad- 
vertisement appears 
in this issue, is not 
only a superior pen- 
man, but an agree- 
able and accom- 
plished gentleman. Those of our readers 
who appreciate original and tastefully de- 
signed combinations, and who expect per- 
fectly fair and honest treatment, should 
not fail to patronize Mr. Hanson. 

B. P. Pickens, Mooresville, Tennessee, 
is teaching classes in penmanship with 
good success in his native community. 
He is improving rapidly in all branches of 
the art, and with his invincible determina- 
tion is bound to become noted in his 
adopted calling. 

One of our former pupils at the Du- 
buque, -Iowa, Business College, F. C. 
Dobler, who is now taking a course in 
penmanship of Professor C. N. Crandle, 
writes us a neat and attractive letter. 

Professor M. B. Moore, Morgan, Ken- 
tucky, is now acknowledged by all to 
stand right up near the head in our class of 
pen-artists. His letters are always full of 
literary beauty, and are faultless in a chiro- 
graphic sense. 


In tliB ^chool I^oom. 



All occupations demand good writers. 
All business requires good writers. Re- 
cenily a man stepped into this office 
and inquired for a boy. 

" What kind of a boy do you want ?" 

"A good, smart boy to work in the 
store. Kind of an errand boy, and lo 
help the delivery men. And I want a 
good, easy writer." 

"Why should a boy have to write well 
who is to simply handle boxes?" 

"Well I may want him to make out a 
bill occasionally, and I want a good 
writer; 1 am done with these Horace 
Greeley fellows." 

And so it goes. We have calls every 
week for bookkeepers, clerks, amanuenses 
and stenographers, and ercry time, they 
want good writers. 

takes you aweek or a month. Write at least 
six neat, clean pages of every copy before 
taking up another ; no matter if you hafc 
a thousand copies or all the movement 
exercises in existence — you will malie 
mote rea/ />rogrtss, toward a smooth hand 
writing, by five hours good page work on 
one copy, than bv five days work on a 
hundred different copies. 

A man requested his son to hoe a hill 
of sweet corn that stood in the end of the 
garden. The boy spent fifteen minute* 
hacking the top crust of earth, for a 
foot on each side of the corn, and as a 
matter of course did the corn no good. 
The father, observing this lack of move- 
ment on the part of the boy and no proi- 
pect of any improvement in movement on 
the part of the corn, instructed the younj[- 
ster to dig deeper and loosen all the din 
around the root of the corn. Who could 
not tell the result ? 

Miscellaneous practice is hoeing around 
the top ; page writing is hoeing deep. 

Pages of one copy produce study ; 
practice on one thing produces skill. 


The latest sensation in catalogues has 
been caused by the progressive proprietors 
of the Rochester Business University 
issuing an elegantly bound book, setting 
forth in an unmistakable way the facilities 
which their Institution possesses in the 
way of imparting a broad andcumprehen- 
sive business education. It is perfect in 
workmanship, and ii worthy a place in the 
library of every teacher. 

Principal Peirce of Philadelphia has 
issued his annual pamphlet containing the 
proceedings of his last commencement. 
The addresses It contains are very valuable 
acquisitions lo the educational literature of 
the day. 

The Iowa Business College of Des 
Moines is said to be full of hard-working 
students. This school has always had a 
reputation that is enviable, and is con- 
stantly growing in popularity. 

Among the many honest and hardwork- 
ing Business College men whose efTorts are 
being devoted to the advancement of the 

Mr. H. P. Behrensmeyer of "The Gem 
City Business College," Quincy, Illinois, 
who was ably aided in preparing it by that 
refined and cultured penman, artist, 
scholar and gentleman. Professor Fielding 
Schofield. It has been reduced in the 
engraving about one-half, consequently, 
the fine eflfects of the original could not 
be retained 

The genial J. M. Hawkes, Manager of the 
Editorial and Art Departments of the ex- 
tensive publishing house of A. S. Barnes 
A Co., New York, favors us with a finely 
bound set of their National System of 
Copy-Books. It seems to us that for the 
purpose they are toferve, an improvement 
would be hard to suggest. Author, En- 
graver and Printer liave exercised equal 
tasle and care in the preparation of this 
series. Possessing all the merit which it 
would seem possible to embody in copy- 
books, and having wide-awake publishers 

Capital Letter Movement Exe 


Tlirougli the courie&y of Professors Put; 

Wnttmlm WJKmsly 

s excellent article o 

e of capital letter combinatf^ns and 

could be desired. 

How to become a good business writer 
is the leading question with thousands of 
young men and ladies, who are preparing 
to enter the great fields of commercial 

I have, for years, been teaching, with 
flattering success, what I call " Page 
Writing." I think that there is no method 
that will produce as good results in so 
short a time. 

Those practicing from the lessons given 
in the Her.ald can add much to their 
progress by following these directions: 

In learning to write, practice just as you 
study^io obtain desired results. Write 
pages of every copy, with the same care 
that you would use if the County Super- 
intendent was going to criticise them. 

Home students, who are learning to 
write from the Compendiums and Pen- 
man's Papers, are always loo anxious to 
change copies every few minutes. I was 
once a home student and know all the 
drawbacks; and I kno7i- that this miscel- 
laneous practice leads to scribbling. 

Work at one thing until you get it, if it 

Write pages, boys, 
nth the muscular 
urc muscular 

, clean pages, and 
I mean 

Peirce and I 
call it " Arm Rest Movement " 
r, and they wouldn't let us, but 
you use it — unadulterated — just the same, 
and never allow yourself to fall into the 
habit of scribbling. 

Subscribe for the Herald and send for 
Putman & Kinsley's "Series of Lessons," 
and write pages and your chances are 
good for a No. r handwriting. 

Are you a subscriber lo all of the pen- 
man's papers ? They cost but a trifle, and 
will be of incalculable benefit to you. 
They're all good. Don't slight one, but 
take them all. 

work in the western states, none are more 
worthy of mention than Prof. C. Bayless 
of Dubuque, low?. We are glad to learn 
that his school is enjoying a good degree 
of prosperity. 

The Iowa Commercial College, Daven- 
port, Iowa, is blest with two animated Prin- 
cipals, It issues a handsome catalogue. 

At Little Rock, Ark, is a Business School 
of no mean repute. Such penmen as 
Hahn and Harkins have taught within its 
walls, and it now employs Prof. Chartier. 
The New Jersey Business College, 
Newark, N, J., has at its head an accom- 
plished Business Educator, in the person 
of Prof. C. T. Miller. Its catalogue is one 
of the most attractive on our table. 


Professor S. J. Prigden has joined the I We feel confident that every friend of 

staff of Moore's Business University, At- 
lanta, Georgia. He is one of the leading 
lights of the south, and is deserving of 
that eminent degree of success which we 
hope he will attain. 

the Her 

nouncing the new heading ^beauty! It 
is certainly an elegant specimen of pen 
work, both in design and execution, and 
reflects great credit upon the young artist, 

to back them, we do not discover a 
reason why they should not eventually s 
persede all trashy productions in this lir 

Prof. D. H. Farley, Trenton, N. J., 
author of an unique work on penmanship. 
It is known as his " Model Guide," 
is no less than its name would signify. 
It should be possessed by every student of 
writing in the country. Containing n 
sensible instruction, numerous carefully 
prepared copies, and some very fine pieces 
of pen-work, it will constitute a perpetual 
source of inspiration to the struggling stu- 

" Kibbe's Alphabets "are the most valua. 
ble helps in the lineofpen-let taring that have 
ever appeared. The sets are original and the 
very cream of excellence. Definite and 
plain instructions are given on the back of 
each plate. The reputation of the author 
for producing this line of work rendei 
superfluous for us to say more in their favor 
than that they are his greatest efforts. 

An excellent article from the popular 
anonymous writer, known as "Cayce Pen,' 
arrived too late for this issue. 



H. W. KIBBEjG. i. kwk, Penman and Artist, 


rta'-aO QO ^"TnTT .^T" ^Q' ^' ^"'l '"^'"^'= ■" penmanship. .»dud,nB K.ip.d 
>=^*^^— ^-^^"^ "w^JJN J— I X BiiMncss Wniing. I-lour, slung. Card WniioK. Bhck- 
boiird Wniin!;. I.meand Stipple Sliading. Pen DrawinK. Pen Ij;Hermg. Pen Po iraits. Engrossing. Ue- 
signiiig. Border Work. L:iiidsiitpui, Comic Pen Sketching, und prep-iring all kinds of Pen Work for 
reproduction by the Pholo-lincr.ivmg Process, or lo he engr.ived on wood. 


FREE! K,:^:;: !-^"rs„i:r 

Board $1.40. $1.70 and $2.00 Per Week 

If you want anything in the line of pen-work foi 

which you can pay from 25c. to $100, he will 

do iiforyouand guaranteesatisfaction. 

j«-Send for Circulars _e» 

Penmen's Supplies 

Two cent stamps I. 

lomishing, ', 
fist. 2 gross 51.50. GiLLOi 1 - 
Drawing and slow Writing. ', 
$1.30, GiLLOTT's 290, for ll. 
Lettering, i doz. 50c, H gross ;i 
I, a. 2ji. 3. 3Ji and 4, broad po: 
I^ttcnng : I is the largest -" 
gross 35c, I gross $1.30. 

> LETTiiR Paper, for flourishing ; 3% lbs. 
Bristol Boards, for Engrossing, size 22X 
6 boards 85c ; light, for flourishing, 6 boards 

I Mn^i. L.(i,-r Wnlmg. Orchestral and Band 
I'. I.>ii(>l; l.iiir.iry .ind Teachrrs' Trainmg. 

shed Room 30 Cts. and 50 Cts. Per Week. 

Our Premium Offers. 

) be- 

ously. In order that (w»y fer 
(fix-fi Mil numhtr may ht indurtd to subsenie al 
oitff, we make the following premium offers : 

To all who subscribe within a few days from the 
time of receiving a sample copy, sending us sevcntv- 
five cents, postal note, or one cent stamps, we will 
send, post-paid, as a token of our good will, a set of 
BE IS. a review of which will be found on another 

. .Ill who 5^'nd I 


The followir 

-0 A:R:T:1:S:T:I;C S:P:E:C:I:M:E;N:S (:- 

gns aic decidedly original and all worked in India in 

Price. No. 

'8-''22 $1 

risliing— Book Form 1 

9. Beautiful Parlor Design. Pen Drawing of 

1x28— Elegant ! 3 

i Landscape, 22x28— New ! 
e Deer, 22x28— Immense !. 

Is, Bird Flourish, and Flair 

Writing in Form of Letter 

Twenty-five Cards written in as manj 

, 5 00 I Different Combinations 

500 I 12. Variety Trial Order 

DIXON, ILL. o-Memion ■■ P. A. Herald." 

ISC i 12. 50g. 
larging design) 

large stick. $1. Ink Tr, 

[ doi. 25c. Best Ja 


7 HOB.^RT StkEET, 


A 'so'um© 

fit %slli,tl 

His name is H. P. BEHRENSMEYER. He 
lives at Quincy, III., and teaches in the Gem City 
Business College. His portrait appeared in the 
initial number of this paper. He executed our new 
. and is equally at home in all departi 

of penmanship. He can send you a flourished pieo 
for 250 which will make you feel young again, ane 
agrees to send you as finely written pack of cards a: 
, get anywhere for the 


both flourishing and cards a 

e ordered, he will 


of his model lei 


n a 

style that will 

you to 

sing new songs. 


IS h 

jnest and re- 


er satisfactory s 


n He don I 


lis moi 

h and ordering s 

IS work. 

j^-He wil 

givo further p^rt 



n application. 



contributions from the best penmen ii 
country, with many elegant specimens. 
September number contains a long writing les- 





look ! I will give you a lesson in it — copy fresh 
from my pen ana directions for practice— for 
only a dime and a two cent stamp. 1 have 

list will be sent with first goods ordered 


Care of Shaw's Com'l College. PORTLAND, ME 
EXTRA ! ! : 
Every re^^|pf the Pen-Akt Herald 
nie asc. wil^et several copy-slips, fresh from my 
pen. (or self-inslruction in lettering and plain writing. 
If, at the same time, another qua^^^ 
dozen cards with your name^^^^^^n my best 
style, will be sent. T, NE"^^^^^ 
imanship, Ohio Business U 


t of 25 plainly wruien and induciively graded copy-slips. suitable for sell 



e make these offers for 

W. D. SHOWALTER. Editor. 



been considered one 
in iheoountrv. II 
copied largely, oil in 
The publishers of 1 

hip. Aliof tlieilUisI 

.. N. Y., has long 

■Mi-iniil.and is 
- .11 n-tii' beauty. 

■ Hiiii .hiring the 

t from Prof Klbbe's pen-work 
— -"vo will be used. The cost ' " 
n compared with the value of th 

be phnto-en- 
i-work. and 
of the Ptfu 

lessons, will be as a drop... ...ic u<jc»ii w one 

who has an iota of chirographic blood in his 
vpiiis. The following letter from Prof. Kibbe 
to the editor of the Weitern /*<r/(m,/«. e.\Dlaina 
the matter further: 

bictding. The 
III! branches of 
I ..,.illh.jiu. 

Then ,■(/=/'; /->,v,p,,„;hasbeenpub!iabednearlv 
I (our years without running against breaicers": 
I It 13 now a twenty page pj.per, is published 
every month, during the last two weeks of the 
j month; it contains more original pen-work 
I than any other penman's paper; it has always 
I been the foremost champion of the muscular 

- Crandl'e. now 'orDVxori."ill""aird 

■, of Columbus, , have been giving les- 
9 of pen-work in i 

'I has it . . 

The others make a specialty of Business Penmanship. Ornamental and Busii 
Penmanship are considered and treated as entirely separate accomplishments. One 
other as an indispensable part of a business education. Our facilities for imparting a complete business 

L thorough investigation of the 

Circulars free. 

Flourishing by mail, 50 cents each, or $5 for 
twelve lessons. Address. 

C. p. Z.'\NER. COLUMBUS, O. 





J|u!!oniat!ic pennian^JiP' 

This ia no experiment. Success is rertain to 

every one takiiiglessons who is wilHiig to work. 

No BtiuJent has failed yet. anil I have had 

To my itnowledRe, no one else teaches Auto- 
matic Penmtmsbip by mail. 

The course is systematically arranged as far 
as is possible, but the lessons must ne varied 
in every case to suit the particular needs of each 
student. . 

This is one of the most beautiful kinds of pen 
work and is within the reach of everyone, cer- 
' tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after six les- 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

12 Lessons $3 00 

24 Leesons 5 00 

Alphabets, each 15 

1 Handsome Motto, size 7x20 lettered and 

ornamented in a variety of colors 20 

J Automatic SUading Pen \., ! ... 2j 

5 Automatic Shading ( asaort^d^. , 1 00 

5 assorted powders forraakingintE-for same 26 

12 Ornamented designs I 00 

Cards, per doz .SO 



Jones ia one of the very finest Automatic pen 

The Western Penman. 
The art of lettering with an automatic pen 
has been reduced to a fine point by C. E. Jones, 
Principal of the Business Jiepnrtment of the 
Tabor, Iowa College. That he has also the fac- 
ultv of imaprling skill to others is attested by 
numerous specimens of the work of his stu- 
dents, which we have been permitted to see. 
The Penman i Art Joumul. 

Specimensofautomatic pen-lettering received 
from Mr, Joues are the finest we have ever 

Ed. Ten Art Herald. 



New Plan. Admirably Arranged. Elegantly En- 
Finest of He;i ,y Paper. Best of Printing. 
Hair the Usual Price. 


The copies are eleganily engraved oil copper, printed from stone on ihe finest kind of v*Ty heavy 
plaie paper. All copies new ; no rehash. Tliei- are two parts ; 
slips. These slips are not bound and are all devoted to plain writing, 
[leie are two slips devoted to movement exercises, giving fifty-five different exercises. The small 
are given in the order in which they should be taught 
A great variety of words, introducing nothing but sm; 
ever given. Following the letter given for practice, come 
lowed by a short sentence, starting with Ihe same cnpitnl. 

The figures are analysed by means of staff lines, and a great variety of commercial abbreviations 
given. Forms of draft, receipt and letter are prumineni features 
Pari 2 is the "Instruction Biok " to accompany the slips. This 
given in connection with a work of this kind. 

chapters on "Materials," "Position" (giving cuts). 
" There are twenty lessons miipped out. 

iction Book " are enclosed in a neat and substantial 
from the generous use of the adjectives in this ad' 

s slip of solid writing is given. 

1 complete q 

'General Informa 

of them. Waic 

penmanship papers and v 

_ . mployed lo write up " ads" for Barnum' 
prominent penmen and educators, and the besi of it is we have n 
ime of Ihe others. 

r " Westetn Penman" ; — I have examined 
& Kinsley, and am well pleased with ih 
e entire price of the work. The engraving 

A Series of Lessons 
work. The slips of 
1 the copies is as fine 



the " Lessons " Collect all other "Co 
compare. One can be ordered in this n 
want copies. If this work is not belter 
and does not give more for the money tl 
pay postage for return, providing thai ii 
Pricqj FIFTY CENTS. Stamps r 
Addrfiss either of the plar 

P. O. Box rSfi, Miv: 

> College, Richmond, Va.:—1 am much pleased 

, it is designed 
you will find sale lor them by car loads, 
flic's Business College, Lock Haven. Pa. ; -Your 
I ihc kind that has come to my notice. 
ilieral discount given. Money can be made selling 
■ on writing, send for a copy of the " Lessons " and 
it will prevent defrauding the remaining people who 
angttd, has not a better quality of work, printing, paper, etc. , 
1 any Mmilar thing published, we will refund the money and 
returned in good condition. 

named below thiU is nearer to you, 

Writing' is llie licsl 

following low rales . 

Plain While 15 cents per doe. 

Plain Gilt «> " 

Gilt or Plain Bevel : ^S " 

All orders filled promptly and sent postpaid. ^ ^ HANSON. 

Columbus Business College, 
Columbus, O. 

Another Scribe on the L/'st. 

He will send you n sheet of combination!, a set 
of capitals, or a specimen of Flourishing, at 10 cents 
each— all for a quarter. He desires to hear from 
all "the boys." and promises to send them some- 
thing fine. Write at once. 

S6a Pearl st., Cleveland. O. 
Mr. Kretchmer is an excellent penman in all 
branches of Ihe an, and his work is bound to give 
good satisfaction. W. D, Showalter, 

Arf./c/- Pen-Art Herald. 

Commercial Arithmetic 

I practical and complete text-book on Arithm 
tic before the public. Printed from new type on the 
finest paper and elegantly bound, Suited to class 
instruction, and to private study. Sent by mail for 
$1.50. Proper reduction to schools. 
Address, S. S. PACKARD. Publisher, 

101 East 33d St., New York. 



College work. 


This is the t 

least nonsensical work on book-keeping bcifore the 
pubOc. It contains just what is essential to a com- 
prehensive knowledge of the subject, and that in the 
possible form. _The instruction is complete but 
ice part is pro- 
1 equal for the 
space occupiea. 

This book retails at %t, with proper reduction to 

Address, S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

loi East 23d St.. New York. 


-OF- • 

3-ii'b"b3r I=>risoii 
Is now at Keokuk, Iowa, 

(.\ city of 20,000 mhabi.ants,) 
here he has been located ilie past ('16) SIXTEEN 


re given reduced r 
ebest. TheOmai 
nsurpassed. No 

Chandler H. Peirce. Prest. J „ ■ , , 
J.L. Trone, Secy / Keokuk, low; 





V ^ 

/ y ^/ / / / / 

f , /A^v 



prognsshc and thonmgli in all its appointments and departments, and is rapidly increasing in patronage and popularity. The Business Practice and 
Office Dipattinenis arc not equalled in Ohio or surpassed in America, and contain a more complete business training than the entire course of many 
business colleges that claim to be among the best. Send for Commercial World to McKee & Henderson, Oberlin, Ohio. 

i-PvC' ^^Q/ziiw ©-ol-Ec-o^ ^|l^-i/|>ll4^ ©c/po^l'-kHei^t 

Is exclusively a School of Pemnatiship, and is without exception the very best in America. The specialty of this school is Teachers', BnsinA 

Facilities the best. Teachc 


from 150 to 175 words per minute' Send for " Sleiwgraphh IIW/,/." to McKEE & H 


RSON, Oberlin, O. 

Yol. I. 



I would that our system of vocal sym- 
bols — the language we speak — were more 
replete with synonyms. To such an ex- 
tent am I an enthusiast on the subject of 
originality^ that I would delight in using 
some unheard-of expression in every edi- 
torial the Herali* contains. But the 
language is too limited. We are com- 
pelled, all of us, to say things which we do 
not design to say. How ? The use of 
threadbare and dusty phraseology renders 
the thought we wish to express, 
oftentimes, of a too ordinary nature. The 
reader, being familiar with the words, im- 
agines that the imprisoned thought which 
struggles to escape through them is but the 
repetition of some one else's mental crea- 
tion or the lineal descendant of some his- 
toric literary production. So, when the 

graph, and our failure to do so will fur- 
nish the best possible illustration of the 
idea we desired to clothe in words, and 
which, because of the second-hand nature 
of that clothing, must fail to impress the 
reader with its real nature and 


In the October number of the Wtstern 
Penman, Professor C. S. Chapman of Des 
Moines, Iowa, in commenting upon one 
of our articles in a former number of that 
paper on " Accurate Copies," expresses a 
very pertinent thought, the essence of 
which is, that it is not perftclion of form 
that many teachers object to in furnishing 
models or copies to their students, but 
that it all depends on whose idea of perfect 
forms it is desired that thev shall adopt. 

Replying, in brief, permit us to add 

from time to time, as may seem necessary 
or ajjpropriate, to offer a word of criticism, 
of suggestion or of comment, upon the 
existing methods of teaching business 
writing. The conviction is growing upon 
us daily and semi-daily that before another 
decade of years shall have been spent in 
the cause of practical and useful educa- 
tion, those of our tranquil-minded breth- 
ren who are now permitting the anti-utili- 
tarian in practical penmanship to be im- 
parled to their pupils, will so thoroughly 
awaken to the demands of the business 
community as to institute a radical reform 



rd the 

to know the cause of all this contention 
and strife between some of our prominent 
workers, just now, about hand engraved 
zx\^ photo engraved writing ; also, the dif- 
ference between an tUctrotype and an 

To our knowledge there are in this 
country about three highly skilled engravers 
who do work " by hand." Their accurate 
knowledge of beautiful forms and their 
extensive experience, enable them, from 
even a poor copy, to produce elegant 
work, for which, in many instances, the 



edit. Of 


too fear- 

fully common in our present system, as the 
undeveloped vagaries of early crudity in 
the work of business education. Pro- 
phetic fingers point to the fact that changes 

the more carefully the original is prepared 
the better will be the results ; but, except- 
ing the general design and style of the 
piece, the plate, when finished, usually 
bears little resemblance to the writer's 
copy. In justice to our pen-artists, how- 


The above beai 

nally executed by Prof. H. W. FlickiNGER, and is taken from one of tlie copy-books of ■' Ban 
nship," a cut having been procured for the Herald by Mr. J. M. Ilawkes, who 
represents the house of A. S. Barnes & Co,, New York. 

journalist vainly endeavors to throw new 
coloring on the ideas which mock the 
powers of expression, he usually abandons 
the task with a healthy and distinct con- 
sciousness of having failed to say the very 
thing which he tried hardest to frame in 
intelligible language. Do you understand 
us? Of course you will agree that if the 
foregoing sentences mean anything, you 
fail to discover it. Good ! They look 
like dummies to r/s, too, and, considered 
apart from that indescribable and inex- 
plainable something in our mind which 
prompted us to write them, they have a 
sort of insane jingle, and bear little re- 
semblance to and convey a remarkably 
small portion of the thought itself. Why ? 
Theantiquity of the phrases used explains 
it. We exultantly vowed that we would 
say something, when we began this para- 

that, so long as a standard is used, and I 
ideas of perfection which are not wholly 
out of keeping with fundamental and pri- 
iiiary conceptions of beauty, and which | 
are not noticeably emaciated or distorted, i 
are embodied in copies, it can make little j 
difference as to the location of the brain j 
which planned or conceived them. ' 

Will be sufficient space in which to rap- 
turously remark that our editorial on 
"Business Writing " in the last issue of 
the Herald has attracted not only un- 
usually wide attention among the toilers 
chirographic, but the argument which we 
earnestly attempted to set forth has been 
enthusiastically endorsed and approved on 
every side. In the full confidence that a 
renovation is necessary, we shall continue 

for the belter, in this direction, tniist be 
made ; thai, hr/siness writing must be taught 
in accordance with the meaning of the 
term ; that our ability to write under the 
pressure of hurry and rush must be as 
available as our ability to add or subtract 
numbers under like conditions ; and that 
it is the part of wisdom to diligently seek 
for more light and to eagerly grasp any 
improvement which may be brought forth 
in any quarter or by any authority. 



I have been requested to explair 
different processes of engraving specit 
of penmanship. My interrogator w: 

ever, it must be admitted that it would 
require more than the combined mechan- 
ical skill of Holah, Havens and McLees 
to surpass the work of our most skillful 
penmen. /'/w/'f^-engraving consists in 
producing on metal and ready for printing 
an exact photograph of the original pen-. 

The wood-engraver photographs his 
copy, usually upon a smooth wooden 
surface, and, by combining hand and 
machine work, produces a " wood cut," 
with any desired changes or correc- 
tions. Before this can be used on a 
printing press — on account, of its liability 
to break — it must be electrotyped, which is 
done wholly by machinery. An impres. 
sion is taken in a sort of plastic or semi- 
liquid metal, or wax, which is afterward 
thoroughly hardened and made ready for 


the press, Duplicate copies of a cut can 
be made by this process very cheaply, and 
within a day's notice. 

Portraits, to be made by a photographic 
process, are first drawn in india ink by a 
special artist. 

" Do I write well enough to be called an 
amateur penman ?" The question comes 
from our young friend J. B. Graff of Riv- 
erton. New Jersey, who has a style of 
writing which, |>ossessed by many, would 
prove a fortune. He writes with great 
ease, and his pages have a neat and pretty 
effect which few of our penmen can im- 
part to their ordinary writing. Yes, my 
good friend, you are entitled to be ranked, 
not only as an amateur, which indicates 
that penmanship is not your profession, 
but upon entering the teaching field you 
would at once be classed among the best 
in the list, so far, at least, as the ability to 
execute counts in the race. 

"Is the profession supporting the Her- 
ald as it should? Are you receiving 
encouraging patronage? Is the Herald 
now a sure and permanent enterprise ?" 
A chorus of voices propound the above 

so beautifully carried out in this series, we 
must all admit that it is in advance of 
kindred publications. 

To THE Editor of the Pen-Art Her- 

My Dear Sir : Your late article, "Ac- 
curate Copies," touches matter on which 
I have meditated. In your new paper 
will you stand strictly by such ideas ? Can 
you afford to do so ? As for myself, I am 
a student rather than a purveyor, and I 
long to see the lime when bold and fear- 
less journals, exponents of the art and de- 
fenders of the science in its purity, will 
tear off the mask of diplomacy and un- 
dauntedly assail the ward politicians of 
educational literature who follow in the 
wake of the science, drumming for public 
patronage, and set them down at their 
true value. Give us the best and most 
accurate copies circumstances will admit 
of, a thorough and impartial investigation 
of every phase of the science, and al- 
though you may lose some advertising, 
you will greatly advance the cause for 
which you write. 

To say the least of the matter, the late 

best possible copy and fully explain its 
processes. Yours, 

Cavce Pen. 


To Professor S. E. Bartow, the genial 
and accomplished penman of the Ohio 
Business University, Cle\eland, for a club 
of twenty five subscribers, taken from 
among the students of that institution. 

To Professor Fielding Schofield, for 
club of nine subscribers from the Normal 
Penmanship Dtpartment of the Gem City 
College, Quincy, 111. 

To Professor U. McKee, the most suc- 
cessful teacher of penmanship in the 
United States, for a club of ten, from his 
deservedly popular and always prosperous 
school, at Oberlin, Ohio. 

To Professor J. B. Duryea, Des Moines, 
Iowa, for a club of sixteen, composed of 
his students in the Iowa Business College 

To Professor C- E. Jones, Tabor, Iowa 

of the United Slates and Canada. The 
work will embrace — first, the names, ad- 
dresses and a very short sketch of the 
lives of all who are following penmanship 
as a profession ; second, the names and 
addresses o( all amateur penmen and stu- 
dents of the art ; third, a complete cata- 
logue of business colleges. 

No charges are made for inserting 
names, If penmen, students and business 
college men everywhere will cooperaie by 
giving the desired information, a most 
useful work will be the result. 

Let the responses be general, and im- 
mediate, please. 

Fraternally yours, 

F. S. Heath. 

We sincerely trust that every reader of 
the Herald will heartily aid our esteemed 
friend, Mr. Heath, in securing the inform- 
ation necessary for the preparation of such 
a work. We are sure that a publication of 
the kind, if comprehensive and complete, 
would prove of great value to every one 
interested in the affairs of our calling ; 
and our full confidence in Mr. Heath's 
capability for the work warrants us in 
assuring our constituents that it will be 

interrogative sentences. Yes ; we receive 
as much support as we could expect, con- 
sidering the prejudice with which we must 
contend. We do not expect to make 
money out of the paper for sometime yet. 
We did not enter the work with that ex- 
pectation. But we shall work away, 
patiently, laying a foundation for future 
lesulls, and we have confidence enough 
in the people to believe that, when we 
convince them that we are thoroughly and 
emphatically in earnest, they will not be 
slow in showing us the degree to which 
they appreciate and value our efforts, in a 
financial sense. 

* * * » 

A correspondent wishes to know 
■wliether the new and popular compen 
dium, A Series of Lessons in Plain 
Writing, is equal, in every respect, to the 
higher priced standard works of that char- 
acter. Considering the amount of 
work presented, the style of engraving 
and printing used, and the very t/ioroug/i, 
available and complete instructions given, 
the Lessons are fully equal to anything 
published. And in point of adaption to 
the wants of almost every class of learners, 
the systematic and beautiful arrangement 
of the copies, and the theories and ideas 

script alphabet offered us by H. C Spen- 
cer, is something that borders upon the 
sensational. For him to offer such forms 
in lieu of better and more easily executed 
Spencerian, or to propose them at a time 
when more artistic yet simpler and more ac- 
ceptable forms were extant and had never 
been conned by hundreds of students of 
penmanship, was, I dare say, a surprise to 
more than your humble writer. 

Until I have evidence that they do, I 
am inclined to doubt that either Lyman 
P. Spencer or H. W. Flickinger indorsed 
that alphabet. They occupy, I think, 
more consistent ground, and verily, verily, 
I say unto you, my brethren, that in point 
of executive skill these two modest gen- 
tlemen are the stoutest lances that stand 
the penmen's table "round. 

Apropos to the foregoing, we have 
Isaacs' war-path letter. What we want is 
not to discourage the engraver, but to ad- 
vance penmanship. The artist may be 
both penman and engraver. There is no 
prohibitory measure which prevents a man 
engraving his own snakes. 

Flatter our attainments and we can 
stand by, silent and unmoved ; but ridi- 
cule and belittle us, and detract from our 
skill, and you pain us. Again, give us the 

who never writes us without sending in 
new subscriptions. 

To Professor C. N. Crandle, Dixon, 111., 
who has recently favored us with a good 

To Professor C. M. Robinson, La Fay- 
ette, Ind., who sends clubs whenever op- 
portunity offers. 

To Professer G. Bixler, Wooster, 
C, for a club of five, representing his 
students in the American Pen-Art Hall. 

To Mr. Fred A. VoUrath, Bucyrus, O., 
for several extra subscriptions accompany- 
ing his own. 

To W. H. McAlpine, Stamford, N. Y., 
a pupil of Professor B. H. Spencer, the 
Albany penman, for a club of three. 





Shaw's Business College, i 
Portland, Me., Nov. 5, 1887. J 

Friend Showalter : — I am contem- 
plating getting out a complete directory 
of the professional and amateur penmen 

carefully gotten up and with painstnkii 



AND co-laborers. 

Kind Friends: — We have retired froi 
journalism! PfV/)-, do you ask ? Are h 
rich enough ? Yes. Did you ever hear . 
an editor of a penman's paper retiring 
less than a million t Imagine our fric 
Showalier |)aying us fifty thousand doli 
for the good will of our [laper ; ini.i^^i 
us, rolling in wealth, after a short (.art 
as a newspaper man ; imagine one nnlli 
readers anxiously awaiting the next l^i 
of the Gazette— nr\\\oM% to see us e.\j.i 
some more of the humbuggery and I>a 
practiced in our profession ; yes, k;i 
readers, indulge your Byronic imaginaiii 
to its fullest extent, but for Heaven's sak 
don't imagine that you are swindl-i 
Don't imagine, either, that we weret/'/ 
from the field. We leave it of our uv 
choosing. We ought to have known \h. 
for us, other fields were more congema 
that other lines of effort were better suit.. 




to Durabilities. We always knew that w 
could not carry a hod of bricks up to Ihi 
eleventh story ; we did not know thai w> 
couid not edit a penman's paper ; we an 
aware of both facts now. We could not 
continue to devote the lime and kibor to 
the Gazilie which its welfare and success 
would require. To do so would compel 
us to neglect our other business — that of 
engrossing — to an extent that we 
wish to do. 

Brother Showalter has entered the 
arena to stay. He likes the work, 
willing to labor for years, if needs be, for 
mere current expenses, in order to build 
up a permanent periodical. He is am- 
bitious in that line, and devotes his whole 
time to the work. His new paper, the 
Pen-.\rt Herald is certainly all that 
could be desired. I sincerely hope that 
you will all unite in giving him support 
and encouragement. He promises to fill 
out our subscription list with the Herald, 
and I am sure that all will be pleased 
with his bright and excellent paper. 

To all who have so liberally patronized 
our paper ; to those who have so gener- 
ously stood by the Gazette and its editor 
in his forcible denunciations of all forms 
of charlatantry — we wish to extend our 
earnest and cordial thanks. We may 
have made mistakes. We may have been 
too hasty in our conclusions at times. 
And if we have wronged any one, we 
stand ready to ofler any apology the occa- 
sion may call for or demand. 

We hope the Herali> will become 
the representative journal of its class. We 
offer no advice as to how it could be 
made such, but we do hope to see the 
time when we can Herald it as such ! 

Without a grain of malice and with 
comprehensive charity, we are 

Your humble servant, 

H. F. Vogel. 

Formerly Publisher of The Penmaii's 
Art Gazette, Chicago. 


Whose handsome portrait and auto- 
graph are here presented, was born at St, 
Albans, Maine, when the nineteenth cen- 
tury was fifty-two years old. 

Like the great majority of our famous 
ink-scatterers, C. M. Robinson early man- 
ifested a taste and liking for good pen- 
manship. His primary educational train- 
ing was received through the district 
schools, after which he pursued and com- 
pleted a full course in the Corinna Union 
Academy. His career as a student was 
continued by taking a book-keeping 
course under Professor D. H. Sherman, 
and a series of lessons in penmanship 
under Professor H. C. Kendall, the well- 
known artist-penman of Boston. After 
finishing his school life in this city, he 
accepted a position as teacher of penman- 
ship in the public schools of Brunswick, 
Maine. At the end of this year's work 
he became identified with the city schools 
of Bath, where he taught book-keeping in 
the high school and writing in the grades. 
He was elected for the third year, but re- 
signed to accept a position as teacher of 
drawing and penmanship in the city 
schools of Lawrenceburg, Indiana. 

After two years of very successful work 
in this capacity, he received flattering 
offers from three different cities, and de- 
cided upon Lafayette, Indiana, where, 
for the last six years, he has labored in 

the interests of education, having been 

instructor in arithmetic and book-keeping 

the high school, superintendent of pen- 

inship in the city schools, and for the 
past two years principal of the Union 

jsmess College. 

This institution, under his efficient 

anagement, has become one of the lead- 

1 schools for useful training in the west, 
and has, during the past year, enrolled 

er two hundred students. 

Mr. Robinson dismisses his school dur- 
ing vacation months and spends the heated 
term with his family at the beautiful pleas- 

2 and health resort of St. Joseph, Mich- 
_ m, where he owns a summer cottage- 
returning early in September to his school 
duties with greatly augmented vigor and 
proficiency for the work. 

From his school circulars one is im- 
pressed with the fact that he entertains 
living and spirited views upon the subject 
if practical education. He is a firm 
believer in simplicity and plainness in 
less writing, and deprecates the use 
xtra lines and impracticable niove- 

His past experience and edi 
peculiarly fit him for a leader in his chosen 
profession, and as such he is universally 
:garded— having, at the first meeting of 
the National Penmen's association, which 
;onvened at Erie, Pennsylvania, in July 
last, been chosen as secretary and treas- 
of that important organization for the 
current year. Considering that in this 
body there were representatives of our 
calling from every part of the country, the 
pliment paid to Mr. Robinson, in 
selecting him for this ofllicial position, was 
no slight one. 

Copy-slips and specimens of plain and 
rnamental writing, the lines of which are 
> adjusted and are of such a quality as 
) render them about as handsome as it 
ould seem possible for trained natural 
[lent to produce, have recently been sent 
s by our friend, C. P. Zaner, Columbus.O. 




Hopkins. Mo., Oct. 27, 1887. 
Editor Pen-Art Herald, Cleveland, O. 

Dear Sir — From every source we are 
hearing complaints of the inefficiency of 
the penmanship iuslruction in the public 
schools, and of the inability of the com- 
mon school teacher to successfully instruct 
in this important branch. It is generally 
admitted that something must be done — 
that they must be dealt with — but rvhat 
and hoiu are the troublesome questions. 

I suggest that it would be an excellent 
plan for the Herald to devote at least 
one column each month to presenting 
matter which shall not only be of interest 
and value to this special class of teachers, 
but which shall be of a comprehensible and 
utilitarian nature. They are aware of 
their failing ; but in looking over the pen- 
men's papers they are met with an array 
of pen-art work, and the instructions, if 
there be any, are of such a hue that it is 
almost entirely impossible for them to 
grasp them, hence they are forced to the 
conclusion that proficiency in this branch 
is out of their reach, and that all directions 
for the acquirement of a good hand- 
writing are necessarily clouded in mystery, 
and are intended for some specially tal- 
ented class of learners. 

Contributors to this department should 
bear in mind that all teachers are not 
Manns or Parkers, who can supply what 
is omitted, but that they are, in the strict- 
est sense, pupils, and must be instructed 
accordingly. They must be given the 
simplest exercises and forms, with definite 
and specific directions for practicing and 
teaching them. They need more than 
nicely engraved copies, with the lofty in- 
junction to practice this five minutes, and 
tiiat ten minutes. If they were made to un- 
derstand ho7if, as well as what, the hill 
would not seem half so high or steep. 

Let a teacher, on Mond.iy,say, "Children, 
we will write small o's to-day. Get your 
slates and pencils, and I want to see how 
many can make one real nicely every time 
I tap the desk with my pencil." On 
Tuesday he says, " We will make small 
u's to-day. Write ten minutes on this 
letter. Work hard, now, while I solve this 
problem for John." Which method would 
produce the more good ? We need more 
methods and le?s copies. Yours fratern- 
ally, C. E. Balu 

We shall be glad to hear from all live 
teachers upon this important theme, and 
shall take pleasure in giving all space that 
may be needed for profitable discussions 
and valuable suggestions. 


We have strong evidence, in the prompt 
appearance and general character of the 
second number of The Pen-Art Herald 
that it has " come to stay," and as it is in 
troduced to us we feel confident that we 
but voice the sentiment of the profession 
when we pronounce it one of the best 
penmen's papers that we have ever seen. 
Not that it transcends in beauty and ele, 
gance anything of the kind we have ever 
beheld, or that we see in its illustrations a 
greater degree of skill and artistic desiga 
than is found in some of the leading pen- 
men's papers of the present day, or that 
the material of which it is composed is 
superior to that used by any other pub- 
lisher ; but the warm, genial spirit running 
through its columns, the clearness and 
courtesy of its diction, and the fact that it 
is not an advertising sheet, |)ublished in 
the interests of some commercial school, 
are elements which commend it to the 
home circle of every family in the land, as 
well as to every penman, giving promise of 
a healthful and invigorating influence in 
the field chirographic. Judging from the 
beginning, we have strong reason to ex- 
pect this publication to add new life, vigor 
and dignity to the profession. 

If the editor was spending a few weeks 
abroad for his health, we would feel like 
saying a few words about him personally j 
but as his physical condition is in no pres- 
ent need of such means of recuperation, 

nection between Cleveland and Geneva, 
with the space of but two short hours be- 
tween us, we think it wise to pacify our- 
selves with the commonplace remark that 
'' he is the right man in ilie riglti place"' 
and if we do not grow wiser, stronger and. 
better under the influence of his new de- 
parture, it will doubtless be because we do. 
not make wise use of the information ht 

The needs and aspirations of mankind 
are the great incentive powers to invention 
and progress, and it is to be hoped that the 
need of a stronger and more solid front in 
the penmen's ranks may so control the 
heart and mind of this young devotee to 
the shrine of the literature of penmanship 
as to impel him strongly in the direction 
of elevating the standard of excellence, of 
intensifying the desire of the learner to 
reach that standard in the attainment of 
skill, of developing a better understanding 
of the most effective means of imparting 
instruction in the art, of giving new dig- 
nity and character to the literature of pen- 
manship, and of strengthening the cords 
of friendship and good will that should 
pervade the brotherhood in eva|^ calling 
and profession. ' f^ 

We shall look with pleasurable anticipa- 
tions for future numbers of the Pen- Art 
Herald. S. R. Webster. 

Geneva, Ohio. 



^be lpen=art Iberalb 

A MoDtUy Journal of Penmanship Literature. 

Subscription pritx. Seventy-five cents per year. Sin- 
gle numbers, Ten cents each. 
fcrSec our Ficmium Offers on paee 7, "So 

I be made by Postal Note ( 

1th. $2. 3 months, $5. 

35 to 50, Rales made known on applic 

d advertisements for the 


»l.l). WHle us 



Office of Publica 


562 I'HAK 

I. Street. 


land, Ohio. 



Editor and Publisher 

[ Cleveland, Ohio 

pbm and rugged business style in filling 
his card orders, and yet that does not 
signify that such a hand is equally una- 
vailable in ihe business office. And it 
would be still more inappropriate for a 
book-keeper or correspondent to indulge 
in the ornamental windings or the airy 
waltzes of the whole-arm movement pen- 
man ; yet because that which minisiers to 
the art laste cannot be utilized in practi- 
cal business life, does not argue that it is 
nonsensical. It U 
which will pronoui 


A large portion of our time is takei 
in trying to make apologies for errors and 
personal injuries which our brothers from 

every side accuse us of havi 
While this sort of employi 
enjoyable and congenial, w 

thai whe 


- yo 

n acquiretr 
nerely fails 

all and 1 

opy of 


We feel that our first duty in connection 
with the editorial work of this issue is tc 
fling an animated apology at the most 
talented and popular man in the profes- 
sion of penmanship. It would seem need- 
less 10 add that reference is made *o our 
brother editor and jovial Iriend, A. J. 
Scarborough, of whom the fraternity need 
not expect to have a second edition. 
Sometime ago we received a formal invi- 
tation 10 witness a wedding ceremony in 
which Mr. Scarborough was to act a very 
interesting and important part. Our fail 


ure, m our last nui 
most critical event 
whom every reader 
an interest, was not, 
intentional, but wa 
oversight, for which 
though not wholly responsibi 
borough has long been idt 

to mention this 
the life of one in 
lur Herald takes 
assure our friend, 
msed through an 
are principally al- 
Mr. Scar- 
tied, in a 

conspicuous manner, with the interests of 
practical education and penmanship, and 
we are safe in saying that no man has ex- 
erted a more potent influence for good, or 
has done more toward linking the profes- 
sion ot chirography with other and more 
varied interests than he. Under his aole 
guidance the old " Penman's Gazette," 
which, in Gaskell's time, was looked upon 
by most people as an ingenious adver- 
tising medium with an occasional show 
ing of literary merit, has developed into a 
stately magazine, containing the choicest 
cullings from the current literary literature 
of our times, diversified and beautified by 
mellow and palatable apples of truth in pic- 
tures of humor. Although, at this late 
date, the last echoes of the wedding bells 
are but faintly trembling on our ears, wi 
cannot help ofTering our delayed but 
hearty and heartfelt congratulations, with 
the earnest hope that there may be in 
store for them no less of light than of 

Some of our tender-minded brethren 
seem to inhale the impression that, be- 
cause we are such a pronounced believer 
in sensible business writing, we do not ap 
preciate, and are striving to indirectly con- 
demn artistic penmanship, but we can 
candidly assure every one that we have no 
such motive. Rather would we wish to 
aid in establishing and defining the proper 
sphere, and the relative importance of 
each attainment. It would be an exhibi- 
tion of poor taste in a card-writer to use a 

utterly useless when it 
profitably serve our own si 
business purposes. 

We have been favored 
the Harrisburg (Pennsylvania) Telegram, 
containing a very interesting Interview with 
the accomplished king of itinerant card- 
7vriters^ our old friend Mr. Carl Temple. 
In the course of the conversation, the re- 
porter learns some very interesting things 
about the business of writing cards, not 
the least important of which is the fact 
that while the income of the business is 
large, the enormous hotel and traveling 
expenses consume about all of it, so that, 
aside from the fund of experience and 
practical informaiion which it is possible 
for the traveling scribe to accumulate, the 
riches usually possessed by him are largely 
imaginary, Mr. Temple says that " he 
does not expect to ever become wealthy," 


ig perpetrated, 
lent is highly 
; wish to state 
specimens are 
ng injustice ij 
r of the head, 

not noticed ( 
done you, it \ 
and will be re 
issue of the 
the thought of wronging any one 
slighting the smallest of art's childrei 
if it should make you feel better, 
your name is missed in our person 
tices, write us an animated letter, ind 
in all available epithets. If it co 
your shattered spirit or soothes yo 
located longings for notoriety, we 

liest possibli 
shrink from 

be diminutive Indeed did \ 
We ha 


recently purchased the sub- 
scription list and good-will of the Penman's 
Art Gazette, which, for ihe past six months 
has been edited and [jublished by our 
friend, Mr. H. F. Vogel, Chicago, Illinois. 
The Gazette has always been a bright 
paper, and was winning encouraging suc- 
cess ; but its editor has entered more 
profitable and promising fields of labor, 
and he carries with him our best wishes. 
He is now a staff artist on the Chicago 
Graphic, and is utilizing his art talent to 
good advantage. 

/liting of Prok. C. 

I heard of the '" Back-Hand 

for us to be able to present, as above, such a neat specimi 
reduced one-hal( in the photo-engraving. 

Chiuago, . 

yet we hope that, In this, at least, he 
not realize his expectations. 

During the past month letters have 
been received from almost every section 
f the country, complimenting the appear- 
nce of the first and second issues, and ex- 
ressing the warmest hopes of our suc- 
ess. To nearly all we have replied 
irough correspondence, yet we cannot 
help thanking, publicly, those who have 
ifested such an appreciative interest 
ir welfare. We are all the more grate- 
ful for these letters and kind expressions 
from the fact that a great many have con- 
nlly enclosed postal notes and cur- 
rency, thereby convincing us at once that 
they mean what they say. We like to 
know that our efforts please you, and we 
assure you that an expression of your 
good-will is always a source of inspiration 
to us. Hut our inspiration takes a more 
substantial form when your compliment- 
ary words are wrapped around a green- 
back. In that case they leave no 
aching void in their track, But when a 
professional writes us an extravagant let- 
ter, wishing us all the success which he 
can find terms to describe, and neglects to 
enclose his admission fee, we cannot help 
confessing that there is a hollow sound 
about his words which must be felt to be 

It is Mr. Vogel's earnest desire that all 
of his friends and constituents shall give 
to the Herald that liberal measure of 
support which ihey have so kindly pledged 
to the Gazette. 


the person 

sending u 

s the most com- 


ist of students of w 

riting and ama 


with correct addre 

ses, before the 


ssue of the 


we will present 

a val 

uable prize 


directory must 

consist of person 

who art 

actually inter- 


in pen art 

and of 

as many nrn 

possible for the sender to 

Mr. D 

B. Ha 



popular z 


skillful c 

ird penr 


is CO 

inected w 



ibus Bus 


College. Hem 


us some 




mens, wh 


illustrate his superior 
combinations and his 


in designing 

Bryant and F. L. Dyke, all of the Spen- 
cerian College, are nationally known 
scribes. Professor W. L. Shinn, of the 
Cleveland Business College, is a fine prac- 
tical writer, as is Professor H. T. Tanner, 
of the Forest City Business College. J. F. 
Fish and P. T. Phillips, graduates of Pro- 
fessor Michael, are now residents of the 
•• Forest City." N. W. Dunham, a grad- 
uate of Professor M. L. Hubbard of South 
New Lyme, Ohio, is an enthusiastic and 
successful teacher. G. J. Kretchmer is 
one of the future's great penmen, and is 
rapidly coming to the front. Masters 
James Connolly, J. F. Haederle and G. 
W. Leopold are among the most skillful 
boy-writers to be found anywhere. T. 
Nelson, a former pupil of A. N. Palmer at 
the " Lakeside," Chicago, and later of J. 
P. Wilson, is a first class penman and a 
first-class young man. W. VV. Jackson, a 
former penman at the Spencerian College, 
now teacher in the West High School, has 
an excellent local reputation. Professor 
F. D. Gorsline is a skilled, practical writer 
and experienced teacher. L. J. Grace is 
a finished pen-artist, and does some very 
elaborate work in that line. Professor M. 
J. Caton uses a dashing style of off-hand 
penmanship, and has seen service in the 
teaching field. Mr. J. D. Holcomb is one 
the best plain writers we have ever met, 
and is a great lover of the art. J. L. 
Sweet writes a good hand. H. O. Bern- 
hardt is teacher of writing in the Cleve- 
land Business College. This completes 
the list so far as we are informed. 

Professor Chandler H. Peirce, whose 
post-office address is known to all of our 
readers, has published a series of copy- 
books which are a complete innovation in 
that line of authorship. They are based 
in untried plan ; are profusely illus- 
trated and contain plenty of healthy 

He also presents us with 
" Philosophical Treatise," 
valuable work, without 
's library is incomplete i 
sense. All should have it. 

1 copy of his 
»n exhaustive 
ivhich a pen- 
I an emphatic 


: your subscriptic 
nber of the Her, 

begin with the 

Cleveland can boast, we think, of a full 
are of penmen and teachers of the art. 
Among her " leading lights " may be 
mentioned Professor A. A. Clark, superin- 
tendent of penmanship in the city schools. 
Mr. Clark is a refined and pleasing gen- 
tleman, and is one of the most prominent 
penmen of the country. Professor S. E. 
Bartow of the Ohio Business University, 
while but a young man, deserves to be 
ranked with the very best talent in the 
calling. Professors H. T. Loorais, J. H, 


Of the Herald in the future will be a 
beautifully illustrated series of Lessons in 
Pen-Art, covering all branches of the sub- 
ject, and presenting many original designs 
and ideas. This course is to be given 
by Miss Anna Nintin of Grand Island, 
Nebraska, who, in our estimation, is the 
finest lady penman in this or any other 
country. Her work is peculiarly strong 
and graceful, being fully equal to that uf 
our best professionals. She promises her 
very best efforts, and we feel safe in pre- 
dicting that this will be an unusually 
valuable course of lessons. While they 
will be adapted to all classes, the nature 
of the designs which shall be presented 
and which will be engraved direct from the 
pen and ink copy of Miss Nintin, will 
render them of especial interest and value 
to amateurs. To our knowledge, no lady 
has ever before attempted anything of the 
kind, consequently we are somewhat 
proud to be able to make such an an- 
nouncement. We hope to begin the 
series in the December issue. 


natter of ; 


Meditate upon ( 



Foi' the Boi)^ to I^ead. 


Some very strongly executed and attrac- 
tive specimens of pennianistic handiwork 
are sent us by our substantial and highl) 
esteemed friend, Professor J. B. Duryea, 
teacher of penmanship in the Iowa Busi- 
ness College, of Des Moines. 

Professor C. L. Kicketts, artist penman, 
who is located at the Central Music Hall, 
Chicago, writes us an exceedingly clever 
letter — clever in a three-ply sense. The 
penmanship is irreproachable, the senti- 
ment and composition excellent, and the 
remittance exceedingly refreshing. 

Mr. M. T. Nelson of Pelican Rapids, 
Minnesota, is a young penman of much 

Mr.GuyL.Dail,Osawkee, Kansas, writes 
a pretty back hand. He is one of the 
many amateurs who has convinced us of 
his appreciation of the Herald by 
promptly subscribing for it. 

Professor J. F. 

Burner, Elko, Ne- 
vada, has mailed 
41S some valuable 
specimens of gold 
and silver ore, 
which are on ex- 
hibition in the 
Herald office. 

Mr. Ralph \V. 
Wood, who lives 
in the City of New 
York, has recently 
favored us with 
■ some very finely 
written and sensi- 
ble business let- 

or his well known power as an instructor, i wishes of Professor S. R. Webster, of Ge- The Western Penman for October, 
are mistaken. We have before us a spec- 1 neva, Ohio, were enclosed. while somewhat delayed, .s a bright and 

imen of his writing which cannot be sur- j One of Canada's best penmen is Mr. spicy rvumber. In it is begun the promised 
passed by half a dozen of the leaders of Charles Ruby, of Waterloo, Ontario, who series of lessons from the pen of Professor 
our calling. is a late recruit from the Queen's prov- 1 H. W. Kibbe. The "Penman" is one 

A skillfully written set of capitals and a I inces. of the best periodicals published in the 

soulful letter come to us from that sterling ! Professor B. M. Worthinglon, Chicago, | interests of education. 

ng penman, Professor E.M.Barber, Illinois, informs us that the publication of j The Normal, Wilton Junction, Iowa, 

full of substantial matter for teachers. 


instructor in the South 
College, Wichita, Kansas. 

Mr. E. N. Hill, North Wilbraham, Mas- 
sachusetts, a young gentleman of sixteen 
years, sends us some dashy specimens. 
His work is very smooth, and has a/fjleas- 
ing appearance. 

Mr. W. H. Lothrop.South Boston, Mass., 
sachusells, is a great lover of penmanship. 
Although a business man, he writes a style 
that would do honor to the majority of 
our professionals. 

Professor C E. Jones of Tabor, Iowa, 
does excellent work in all departments of 
penmanship, but his specialty is 
— in which he has few equals. He is 
earnest, intelligent and capable worki 
and is deserving of all 

the abandoned Pen and Ink Journal will 
soon be resumed. We are glad of it, and 
trust that it will shine with added bright- 

We receive few letters from any source 
that compare with those of Professor C. 
E. McKee. Columbus, Ohio. We expect 
to allow our readers to gaze upon his 
young features before long. 

The Oberlin College Department of 
Penmanship has produced scores of ele- 
gant penman, but on the entire list no 

The Beacon, York, Nebraska, is pretty 
and good— two qualities which all periodi- 
cals should possess. 

The College Reriav, Atchinson, Kin- 
sas, published by the students ot the 
Business College of that city, contains 
much edifying and palatable editorial 

Professor E. M. Chartier, Little Rock, 
Arkansas, favors us with a specimen of 
his off-hand writing in imitation of Wiese- 

name can be found that v 

of our old class I 
B. H. Spencer, n 
Some cards latel 
style which is no 
\Ve are glad to a 

utshine that ' hahn. It is very deftly done. 

Lie and friend. Professor 
^ of Albany, New York, 
ient us are written m a 

ntered every day. 

; that in our next 


One of the most 
finished business 



This design is plic 


Ira R. Harris, 

who holds a po- 
sition with Cadin 
& Co., of Boston. 

Mr. George L. 
Clothier, Paxico, 
Kansas, a former 
student of the 

City Business College, Quincy, Illi- 
nois, and now a teacher in the public 
schools, writes well, and is a progressive 
and, we presume, a successful instructor. 

Professor G. L. Gordon, Farmersville, 
Texas, who is well known in penmanship 
circles, visits us quite often, through the 
medium of excellently written letters. A 
specimen of his work will appear in an 
early number of our paper. 

Professor W. N. Ferris, Big Rapids, 
Michigan, manifests his good will in the 
usual way, and utters a cheering word at 
the same time. He is one of our most 
prominent practical educators. 

Mr. E. K Quintal, late of Hillsdale, 
Michigan, is now at his home in Stock- 
holm, New York. His* writing possesses 
that peculiar grace which pupils of Palmer 
almost invariably acquire. 

Mr. E. O. Hodson, Burr Oak, Kansas, 
is becoming quite a good pen-manager. 
He belongs to our growing family. 

People who imagine that the chief thing 
for which E. K. Isaacs is noted is his 
ability as a contributor to our periodicals, 

Professor Fielding Schofield, who pre- 
sides over that miniature pen-arl world of 
Quincy, Illinois, the Normal Penmanship 
Department of the Gem City College, 
sends us a packet of flourishing, which, for 
ingenuity of de- 
sign, grace of ex- 
ecution and artis- 
tic beauty.we have 


Professor C. A. 
Faust, Chicago, 
hands us a sam- 
ple of his back- 
hand, in the form 
of a compliment- 
ary letter, which 
is fully up to his 
standard of excel- 

ling, Proi-. j. B. Di' 



Mr. H. M. Cash of Salesville, Ohio, one 
of the veteran writing teachers of the 
country, favors us with a well written and 
inspiring letter. 

Most people seem to understand that 
Professor H. W. Flickinger of Philadel 
phia, is a good writer. If any are in doubt 
we believe that a recent letter which we 
have received from that gentleman will 
settle the matter. 

Some of the most artistic and thoroughly 
good specimens of pen-work which have 
ever crossed our pathway, have just been 
sent us by that warm hearted and jovial 
southerner, Professor R. S. Collins of 
Knoxville, Tennessee. 

Among the skilled and accomplished 
writers of the profession, Professor W. A. 
Hoffman, teacher in Bryant's College, Chi- 
cago, holds a high position. In a late 
letter he expresses thorough appreciation 
of the Herald. 

.\mong the many valued letters that 
have come to us since our last issue, none 
are more deftly and delicately written than 
that in which the congratulations and best 

issue Professor Spencer will give a lesson 
in writing, and it is needless to predict 
that a rare treat will be enjoyed by all who 
see that number. 

Mr. Jesse Overlock, Rockport, Maine, 
uses a model species of penmanship in his 

Mr. E. L. Brown, Rockport, Maine, 
sends us some pieces of pen-work which 
are well executed, and exhibit good taste 
in their designing. 

Mr. J. V. DeCremer, Green Bay, Wis- 
consin, uses the pen in a playful fashion, 
and produces graceful and brilliant strokes. 
He is but fifteen years of age. 

A beautiful piece of copper-plate letter- 
writing is sent us by Professor J, F. White- 
leather, principal of the Business College 
at Fort Wayne, Indiana. 

means somethings 
wecan assure you. 

Professor J. D. 
Brunner, Marble 
Rock, Iowa, is 
coolly walking in- 
to prominence as 
u teacher of pen- 

Our old friend, 
C. G. Prince, now 
of Buffalo, New 
York, writes us a 
letter in a style 
that is caplivat- 
specimen of his 

The Penman's Directory by W. H. 
Gardner, Salem, Massachusetts, has some 
interesting and enjoyable features. The 
last number contains a bright contribution 
from our friend, F.S.Heath of Portland, Me. 

) doubt, 

have he. 

ing. He encloses a specim 
poetic genius, which, we have 
will prove soothing to many 
penman, as it expresses no 
sentiment. We present it in its 

Lives of penmen oft remind us, 
Not for us the proud world cai 

So we, departing, leave behind u 
Lillle boodle for our heirs. 

We are wondering what car 
come of our old associate, W. E. Dennis. 
We fear that the muscular movement ad- 
vocates have finished him. When we last 
saw him he wore an over-done cast of 
countenance and a new pair of cuffs, the 
former, especially, having been induced 
by too much of the movement theory. To 
indulge in candor, we must say that few 
men in the pen-art ranks have equal 

The November number of GaskelPs 
Magazine contains a portrait and sketch 
of the Herald's editor. We already hear 
expressions of surprise at our extreme 
youthfulness as disclosed by our charitable 
friend, Mr. Scarborough. 


In the School Room. 



Frankness should charac'.erize the utter- 
ances of every honest instructor. The 
teacher who possesses a fault which is ap- 
parent lo every pupil under his charge, and 
yet remains conveniently blind to it him- 
self, only renders the failing ten-fold more 
objectionahle. Acting on ihis thought, I 
wish to make a plain statement in regard 
to the youn^ whose partial cognomen 
heads this article. In class, / am apt to 
talk too much ! But lo help atone for 
this failing, I must add that \ never begin 
my verbal aihletics until I have the at- 
tention of every student in the class. I 
find it necessary to resort to various ex- 
pedients to get that attention, but it pays 
to secure it at any cost. 

But I am losing myself in the intoxi- 
cation of rambling talk again, almost for- 
getting that this is labeled a "Lesson." 
I notice you are getting ready to practice. 
But I must indulge my confessed failing 
again long enough to remark about the 
territory the class occupies ! You are 
scattered in every remote corner of the 
map. Intelligent faces are turned toward 
this paragraph in every state and terri- 
tory. Are you growing restless ? Are 
you impatient to commence practice ? 
Hold ; you are not yet ready. Will you 
please discard a tendency, which I cannot 
help noting, to crouch^ shall I call it? 
I mean that some are stooping and bend- 
ing and inclining forward too much. 
There is an unnatural dtoop about your 
heads. Did anyone ever advise you to 
sit end? If so, regard that individual as 
a sage, and take the advice. 

Be sure, also, that your paper and pens 
are good. I'll not prescribe any special 
brand of either. Try all of the difTerent 
kinds and select the hest. Now, criticise 
your manner of holding the pen and rest- 
ing the arms. If, by endeavoring to re- 
call all you have ever read in regard to 
pen-holding and movement, you feel that 
you would be profited by making some 
changes in your methods, do not hesitate 
to do so. Are you now ready to write? 
Let us reflect. AVc have tried to put the 
physical [lart of the machinery, which pro- 
duces good writing, in proper running 
order. What else is required? Is writing 
a mere physical education ? If so, of what 
use is the brain ? Will the most careful 
attention to the details of the mechanical 
parts of an engine avail aught unless there 
is a motive po^ver for propellim: and direct 
in<f and holding in check those physical or 
mechanical appliances? 

The human body is but a convertible 
machine^ capable of being made subser^'ient 
to an endless variety of uses, when mind 
acts through it. Robbed of the regulating 
and controlling mental force, it becomes 
the most useless of all machines. 

And now, young friends and old friend: 
if I can persuade you to realize that the 
most important factor for consideratic 
drilling and training the causes and 
ditions which produce fine penmanship, 
is now, and ever will be, mind — I shall 
consider that our copyless lesson has not 
been a profitless one. 

Senu us your ideas for publication. 

The Archibald Business College of 
Minneapolis, in which our worthy friend, 
Professor H. J. Putman, is an important 
faculty factor, is represented by a taste- 
fully made up catalogue. 

Professor C. N. Crandle is meeting with 
that success which can be looked upon as 
only the natural fruit of honest labor, in 
his penmanship teaching at the Dixon 
Normal School of Illinois. 

Our intimate friend and former pupil, 
Mr. Flave E. Ashburn, West Union, West 
Virginia, contemplates entering the pro 
fession of penmanship and business edu- 
cation at an early day. He is coming 
right to the front in his writing, and in ad- 
dition to possessing a fine education, has 
decided and marked talent as a teacher. 
From the fact that young men of his stamp 
are needed in our calling, we feet assured 
of his success. 

Mr. John Nolen, Philadelphia, a gradu- 
ate of the famous Girard College of that 
city, has determined to become a better 
penman, although he now writes a splen. 

Strokes," and are advertised in this 
month's paper. Framed, they would 
adorn and honor any art collection in the 
land. An elaborate specimen of Professor 
Farley's work will be engraved for an 
early issue of this paper. 

Mr. Will J. Hudson, the Columbus 
"Short-hand and Type-writer man," is one 
of the aggressive and progressive of our 
many esteemed co-workers. He is a 
prominent Business College man ; a rush- 
ing and extremely vivacious dealer in all 
sorts of office conveniences, and is a de- 
cided success as an editor, conducting, in 
an able manner, one of the most valuable 
and interesting of \i&uod\ca.h~ The Modern 
Office. Mr. Hudson is one of the few 
men of any calling who can do a number 
of things at the same time and do all o( 
them in a thoroughly thorough and sue 
cesiiful manner. 

The Writing Teacher, published by our 
friend Williamson of Richmond, Virginia, 
does not come often enout;h. It is full 
of concentrated brightness, and its perusaJ 
will make the sourest person in the world 
feel like a man. We heartily wish that 
every state had a penmanship quarterly of 
as much merit. 

The above featii 

jnonymous with those wo 


did business hand. Mr. Nolen's resolve 
this direction is worthy of a wide emu- 
lation. There ought to be ten thousand 

lore good writers in this country before 

lolher year passes. 
We might add that Mr. Nolen had the 

lisfortune to be our room-mate during a 
part of our stay in the "Quaker City," 
and that it would be a difficult matter to 
convince us that the last census reporis in- 
clude a half dozen other young men of 
equally good qualities and attainments. 

Is there not someone in the circle of your 
acquaintance who would readily subscribe 
for the Herald after reading our premium 
offers? If so, and you will secure and 
send to us his subscription, we will mail 
you, in order to show our appreciation, a 
copy of Farley's Model Guide to Pen- 
manship, a work of great value to all 
classes. May we not expect numerous 
responses to this proposition ? 

About as fine pieces of ornamental pen 
manship as we have ever enjoyed looking 
at have just been received from the famed 
pen-artist, Professor D. H. Farley, Tren- 
ton, New Jersey. They are christened 
"Chirographic Editors" and " Pen- 

This number of the Herald is some- 
what deficient in the number of illustra- 
tions, at least in comparison with the 
number which we had hoped to present. 
Some expected cuts having been mysteri- 



sly delayed, we 

are compelled 


=ss witho 

ut the 

11, or delay the 


ce of this 


which we are 


ins when 

it can 

be avoided. 


ne rich 

and c 

oslly designs 

, for futu 


One of the most interesting features of 
the Penman's Art Journal, is the gal- 
lery of "Representative American Pen- 
men," which it has been running for sev- 
eral months. The teacher of penmanship 
who does not read the Journal is about 
as much of a curiosity as it is possible to 

Since our last issue, we have received a 
great number of papers and school cata- 
iogues, for all of which we desire to ten- 
der our thanks — regretting that the lim- 
ited dimensions of our paper will not 
allow of a formal review of each. The 
IVesl Virginia School Journal, edited by 
the Hon. B. S. Morgan, State Superinten- 
dent of Public Instruction, Charleston, 
West Virginia, is one of our most valued 

exchanges. The West Union Record, of 
which our old friend, Silas P. Smith, is 
editor, runs an Educational Department. 
We once had the honor of overseeing and 
conducting that portion of the periodical, 
and, of course, feel an interest in its wel- 
fare. The Educational Leader, published 
by C. J. Oiler of Findlay, Ohio, is a wel- 
come visitor to our editorial cave. The 
same remark may apply to The fournal 
of Education, of which O. P. Judd of 
Clinton, Iowa, is editor. The Modern 
Office, Columbus, Ohio, is one of the 
most valuable periodicals which comes to 
this, or any other office. 

A CAREFUL examination of Wright's 
" Bookkeeping Simplified ; or a Ke^ to 
Double Entry," an attractive and hand 
somely bound copy of which is on our 
table, convinces us that as a text or ref- 
erence book on the subject of which it 
treats, it is especially desirable and valua- 
ble. The work does not pretend to deal 
with theories in an elaborate manner, 
but gives the substance of the author's 
actual experience as an accountant. It is 
full of good, sound, choice and spicy mat- 
ter relating lo the every-day work of the 
bookkeeper. We call especial attention 
to the advtrtisement found in this issue 
and feel that we are doing our readers a 
favor by urging them to procure a copy of 
the work without delay. 

We have felt uneasy ever since drop- 
ping the somewhat irrelevant dosing sen- 
tence in our review of the Packard 
Arithmetic, which appeared in our last 
number. The truth of the matter is, we 
had examined and used an older edition 
of the work, and felt perfectly safe and 
justified in saying what we did of it. But 
of the revised and later edition, Professor 
Packard had not, as then, mailed us a 
copy, yet had remarked in one of his let- 
ters that he would not object to our review- 
ing it. We took it and used it as a mere 
bit of witticism, and, as out readers are 
aware, and as the professor puts it, "kicked 
over a good pail of milk " in a sort of 
reckless closing remark. Were it not that 
it is fast becoming a habit of ours to say 
things in a way that conservative people 
condemn, we should feel it our duly to 


About three months ago I decided to 
sell the Exponent and publish a monthly 
college paper. I was corresponding with 
several parties about it. Mr. Bennett of 
Grand Rapids, Mich., learned of this, 
seemed very anxious to have the Exponent 
and made me a proposition, stating that 
he could not take it then, but would the 
first of October. I told him I could not 
publish it any more, as I had started the 
College Journal, and would not have time 
to attend to both. But I told him I 
would keep it for him until October, and 
sent him a contract lo sign. He made 
out and signed one of his own and re- 
turned it. I kept the Exponent, as agreed 
upon, but he refused to pay for it. So I 
have arranged with Mr. Shuwalter, editor 
of the Herald, to fill the subscriptions. 
I am sure none of you can have any fault 
to find regarding the change, if Mr. 
Showalter continues to give us the bright 
thoughts and beautiful cuts he has done 
thus far. Cordially, S. D. Forbes. 

Altoona, Pa., Nov. 14, 1887. 



a specially of plain and 


If you want anything in (he 

which you can pay from 2 

do it for you and guarai 

Penmen's Supplies 

85c, 3 gross Si. 50. GiLI.orr's 303, for Letlering, 
Drawing and slow Wriiing. yi gross 350, i gross 
$1.30. Gfllott's 290, for the finest Drawing and 
Lettering, i doi. 50c, K gi'Oss$ Soennecken's 
I, 3, 3i4> 3. 3!^ and 4, broad points for rapid Text 
Lettering ; i is the largest ; assorted to order ; a 
gross 3SC. I gross $1.30. Soenneckkn's 10, aoand 
30. double points for open Text Lettering ; 10 is the 
largest; assorted to order; i doz. 45c. Ji gross $1.25. 
Unruled Letter Paper, for flourishing ; 3% lbs. 
$1,50. Bristol Boabds. for Engrossing, sue azx 
38 in. ; 6 boards 85c ; light, for flourishing. 6 boards 
65c. Visiting Cards. 2x3% in, 

3 per 

Heavy, besl 
00, Tracing Pap 
50c. Pan 

for I 

cing I 

larging designs. $1. ScH. , „ 

out curved lines of lettering, outlining scrolls, etc , 
40C. T-SQUARE, with adjustable head, $1,10. Rui-- 
ING Pen. for use with the T-squ.ire, 50c. Dividers, 
with pen and pencil points, for making circles, $j. 
Penholders, straight, i doi. 2sc, Best Japan 
Ink per pint, by express, 60c Best India Ink, 
Urge stick, $1. Ink Trav. with cover, 6sc. Parch- 
ment, i6xaa in.. 6sc, 

^"h. W. KIBBE. 

7 HoBART Street, 

His name is H. P. BEHRENSMEY^ He 
lives at Quincv. IH.. and teaches in the Gem City 
" College. His portrait appeared in the 

of penmanship. He can send you a flourished piece 
for 25c wliicli will make you feel young again, and 
agrees to send you .-js finely written pack of cards as 
you can gel anywhere for the same amount ; and 




New York b 

Wright's Bookkeeping Simplified— A Key to Double Entry 

Nearly 200 pages, brimful and overflowing with lightning methods and short roads to results It con- 
conducted through two months' business-like and scientific routine, showing the 
d of opening, keeping, and closing books exhibiting gain or loss, assets and lia- 
capual. etc. Aoi one hookkerper in I.tXH) who knows how lo close looks properly monthly or 
his book Illustrates approved methods, assuring success where failure would otherwise be inevit- 
methods that kepi the author s services in demand by large houses at a good salary for sixteen years, 
"ienccd bookkeeper who thinks he knows it all should disabuse 
hook sub rosa if not boldly, and learn much to him before un- 
satisfaction about which he has long been in doubt. It will 
le. The inexperienced or stjident will find it a storehouse 
roof — index to append! 

hence methods worth 

'guided judgment by reading 
' ly points ' ' 


school of bookkeeping 

;e ; this old humdrum I 
upon the boundaries of another 

■ song of the old 

s fast dying out, howeve 

The legends 
: honored in the breach than 
soon be as echoless as footfalls 
I a new school lullaby, as it were. 

book, leading all otht 
ssued from the press, 

This book 

Sweet cadence of a new anthem _. 

1 point of merit and popularity, pronounced bv leading papers to be the best ever 
'"""""""'" "■■■ — " »- .... I, postpaid. A 24-page De- 

Circular free. Liberal discount to Agenis, Newsdealers and Schools- 

P. A. WRIGHT, Author and Publisher, 769 BROADWAY, N. Y, 

Bergmann's Patent Pen Guide! 

(Nickel plated.) Highly recommended. The onlj 
simple and practical one in existence. Gives youi 
hand and pen the correct position in writing. Tht 
" " ■ of 7 numbers. No. i. 2. 3 and? 

BERGMANN. Fort Madison. lo 

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Shorthand Machine illm"" 


PENMANSHIP. The only penmanship paper 
published in tbe Soutb. Contains numerous 
contributions from tbe best penmen in tbe 
country, with many elepant specimens. The 
September number contains a long writing les- 
son by Chandler H. Pierce with twenty-five 
copies. A cabinet size engraving of "ye" editor 
is given on first page and a tine article by Prof. 
H. Russell The paper contains sixteen pages 




Box 256, CHICAGO, ILL. 

Send a two cent stamp to pay for postage. 


monthly paper devoted to the interests of Teach- 
., Students, and Practical Education, published at 

CoLLEOE, Madison, Wis. 



That the muscular is the most practical and sensi- 

a specialty at present of te;iching this method in its 
purity, by mail. I have arranged a very thorough 
and complete course of instruction in plain writing, 
embracing just those thutgs which the home stu- 
dent needs, and will send a trial l.-Sbon on receipt of 


Penman, Shaw's Bus. College, 



«®- 10 CENTS 10 -^a 

wno want agents. You v,i\\ get lots of mail matter 
and good reading free, and be well pleased with the 

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I Specimen Letter. aoc 

pecimens of Card Writ- 

loc. or all for 50c. 

562 Pearl Street, 
Cleveland. O. 
For writing which combines all desired accuracy 
'itii perfect ease, freedom and grace, that of Prof. 
': E. Bartow cannot easily be surpassed. His work 
nlitles him to a high place among the skilled chirog- 
ciphers of our calling. W. D. Showaltf.h, 

Editor '■ Pen-Art Herald." 

Your specimen letter is excellent. R. S. Collins 
You are a wonderful penman. R. W. Wood. 

Our Premium Offers. 

THF Pl-:\ ..\HT HERALD is now firmly and 
[i.rni llu■tlll^ csi.iblished. and we have reason to be- 
■ found fully worth the subscrip- 

To all who send us their subscription, accompa- 
nied with a one dollar bill, or postal note of that 
denomination, we will mail ib^ jintsl work oh prac 
tical wntivgevtr nsued—- A SERIES OF 1,ES- 
SONS IN PLAIN WRITING." published by 
Messrs. Putman & Kinsley. A full description of 
the work will be found in their advertisement in this 

If this '-ad " is marked, we make these offers for 
your steciai fieHefit.—NOT FOR SOME ONE LIV- 

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Gold, Honor and Snocess 

G. I Graodle, Penman and Ai'tist, 


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trO ■p'T I Reading. Elocution. Spellin 
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Board $1.40. $1.70 and $2.00 Per Week. 

course in Penmanship, including Rapid 
Vriiing, Flourishing, Card Writing, Black- 
board Writing, Line and Stipple Shading. Pen Drawing. Pen I.ettering, Pen Poi (raits, Engrossing, De- 
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reproduction by the Photo-Engraving Process, or lo be engraved on wood. 


:. Vocal Music. Letter Writing, Orchestral and Banc 
>enate, Debating. Library and Teachers' Training. 

Furnished Room 30 Cts. and 50 Cts. Per Week 

; hence. ' _ 

brd to give them until our system is introduced 
o every English speaking family, 
rlundrcds of young men and women are making 
h by teaching our system in the evenings 

It is the best self-ir 

work ever sold. We mail it, postage prepaid* to 

all parts of the world for SIXTY CENTS, and prc- 

classes. or selling the book. 

Send6o cents and join o 

improve your writing, make 

money, gain honor and 

Send me your name, written in full, and 251 

Specimens of Flourishing, 

Which are conceded to be as line as the 
will be sent on receipt of '21 cents. Lessons in 
Flourishing by mail, 50 cents each, or $5 for 
twelve lessons. Address. 



;) A;RT:I:S:T;I;C S:P:E;C;I:.V1:E:N:S (:— 
The following named designs are decidedly original and all worked in India ink. Order ttv Numbek. 
^O. PRICli. 

9. Beautiful Parlor Design, Pen Drawing of 

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Flourished Fish with Border. 18x22 

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. Set of Capitals. Bird Flourish, end Plain 

Writing in Form of Letter 

Twenty-five Cards written in as many 

Different Combinations 

Variety Trial Order 





Do you think that to combine its visits 
for a year, with either of the works offered 
pretniums, you would have something 
ich wjuld do you r^iore good than the 
mon^y which will procure the 
same ? If an affirmative response lo all 
of these questions would indicate the slate 
of your sentiments, please materiahze 
them in a postal note and send to us. 
Speaking in a less voluble strain — i/o not 
delay sending in your subscription to the 
Herald ! Let us hear from you within a 
small number of days I 



The Automatic Shading Pen 



Successful Because it is Practical. 

Clinton Business College 

Penmanship, Shorthand, Type-Writing. 

An efficient corps of experienced teacliers, 
good location. A thorough and practical 
course of study. Pleasant rooms. >" 
venient furniture. Its principals are 7 
ticol accountants and successful tcaci 

COflRESPOMDENCE SOLICITED. For CIrcutifs. address 
0. p. JUDD, President, CLINTON, IOWA 


IN — 

i^utomatic peniQan^jip. 

This is no experiment. Success is certain to 

every one taking lessons who is willing to work. 

No etudent has failed yet, and I nave bad 


To my knowledge, no 
matic Penmanship by n 

B else teaches Auto- 

work and 11 

tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after s 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

12 Lessons .'. $3 

24 Lessons 5 

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1 Handsome Motto, size 7x20 lettered and 
I variety of colors ,- 


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on ihe finest kind of vrry heavy 

Pari t contains seventeen slips. These slips are not bound and ar 

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A great variety of words, introducing nothing but small letters, 
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ve different exercises. The smal 

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The figures are analyzed by means of staff lines, and a great variety of commercial ; 
en, Forms of draft, receipt and letter are prominent features. One slip of solid writing is given. 
Book '■ to accompany the slips. This is the most complete one ev 

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' General Information." There are twenty lessons mapped 

The slips and " In; 

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Prof. W. D. Showaltek. Editor "Pen Art Herald." Clevt 
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Li _ -T-i_ .. ,_ U-. -. _ , - -.^ admirable arrangement and thoughtful make-up. 

\ Series of Les- 

superior comprehension of the act 
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Phof. F. a. Hovvakd, Prin. Co 

Series ol Lessons in Plain Writing" I t 

Prof. W. N. Ferkis, Prin. Big Rj 

beautiful work. You deserve to reap ; 

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beral discount given. Money can I 

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it will prevent defrauding the remain 

better quality of work, prinii 

)rted powders for making ink for same 2o 

12 Ornamented designs ... , , l 00 

Cards, per doz 30 



Jones is one of the very finest Automatic p 

The Wt. 


Principal of the Business Department of the 
Tabor, Iowa College. That he has also the fac- 
ulty of imaprting skill to others is attested by 
>us specimens of the work of his stu- 
which we have been permitted to see, 
Th( Ptnman'i Art Journal. 


Every one who sees this to send for 

Automatic Penmanship. 

Automatic Shading Pens, zsc. each. 

Fine Assorted Sizes, $i.oo. 

Five Packages Assorted Aulomatic Ink 

Beautiful Specimens of Automatic Pen- 
work, 10c. 


Lock Box 34. TABOR, IOWA. 


the " Lessons." Collect all other " Comp€ 

compare. One can be ordered in this mam 

want copies. If this work is not belter arrs 

and does not give more for the money than any similar thing published, 

pay postage for return, providing that it is returned in good condition. 

Price, FIFTY CENTS. Stamps not taken. 

Address either of the places named below that is nearer to you, 
P. O. Box 186, Minneapolis. Minn. P. O, f^o 

Lessons " and 
ng people who 


20 cents. 

one Flourished. 

CARDS— Good iinality(ror s liort time only) • 
l.'tconteper dozen; 2."» for only 2.5 cents. 

PRICES— SxIO, 2i) cents, or 2 for 30 cents. 
Larger, prices 2.'), iiO, 76c., and $1.00. 


Engrossing and display work of every de- 
scription to suit customers. I make a spe- 
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m FOR SALE. # 

Business College and School of 

Shorthand & Type-writing 

in Akron, Ohio. 

Good patronage. Other business 

the reason for selling. Address 

for particulass, 


I woaw-re: 
be pleased 
to exchange 

with any in 
lithe Frater- 


Pen-Akt Herald Office, 
One of the rising young penmen of 
the country, for the quality of 
whose work, both plain and orna- 
mental, the editor of the Herald 
will unhesitatingly vouch, desires to 
hear from every one who receives ^ 
this number, and for 10c. , silver or 
stamps, will send specimens of his 
very tiest work. 

*"Pen ^Strokes"* 


All who order the "GUIDE" 

withiq 30 days will receive a copy 

M "Pen Strokes" free. 






5 for i: 


ling I 

; the 

following low rales : 

Plain White 15 cenis per do/. 

PlainGill 20 " 

Gill or Plain Bevel 25 " 

All orders filled promptly and sent postpaid. 

Columbus Business College, 

The wonderful progress which has been made during the last few years in 

li strikiiiti;ly illustrated in the practical workings and in the assured success of the 

Ohio Business University 


National School of Penmanship, 


Thiainstitution furnishes unequated facilities for learning peniiuinsliip and the 

With Copy Slips on a New Plan. 

ice uf "Guide," 25c.; 

work. The 
iiid Business Penmanship ar 
One as an art and the othei 
nparting e 

devotes hi 
pecialty of Business Pen- 
sidered and treated as entirely sep- 
n indispensable part of a business 
)S education are nilly up with the 
Cirrulars free. 

Pen Strokes." 
15c.: "Chirographic Editors." lOc; Prize 
Specimens, 10c. ; Ornamental Specimens from 
the pen, 25c. When all are ordered at once 
75c. Address, 

515 East State Street. 


Pen-Art Herald Office. I 
Cleveland, O.. Nov. 16. 1887./ 
Considerable of reliable hearsay and some- 
what extended personal investigation in re- 
gard to the work which the various Schools 
of Penmanship have been and are now doing, 
compel me to affirm that, in mv estimation, 
the Pen-Art headquarters of the world are 
"' lin, Ohio. I experience a pardonable 

I the fact that I ; 


Penmanship Department, ] 

Ohio Business University, !■ 
Cleveland. C, Nov. 16, 'S?.) 
I take much pleasure in voluntarily assert- 
ing that for my success as a teacher of pen- 
manship, I am largely indebted to my 
talented instructor in that art. Prof. U. Mc- 
Kec, Oberlin, O. I regard the school over 
which he presides as one of the very best in 
the country for preparing young men and 
women for the profession of penmanship. 
S. E, Bartow, Principal, 

562 Pearl St., Cleveland, O. 

President and Proprietor. 

Yol. I. 


No. 4. 



" I suppose, Mr Kinsley, that you will 
not object to answering some pointed 
■questions in regard to your methods of 
teaching writing?" 

"Oh, no sir. Ifby so doing lean contrib- 
ute to the general fund of teaching expe- 
rience which the Herald has started, I 
shall be glad to talk to you," ' 

in addition to giving them the benefit of 
the general exercises." 

"To what extent do you think it advisa- 
ble to give personal instruction ? " 

" My plan is to arrange my class in- 
struction so that it will cover as large a 
field as possible, and to give that first. 
The remaining portion of the time I spend 
in personally examining the work of each 
student, which I do systematically, and 
with expedilion, so that a large number 
may be carefully attended to in a short 
time. If I find a particular fault in the 
work of some one student which is not 
general, I point it out and suggest a 

" I cannot say that I use any method 
*hich is especially new. Of course, hav- 
ing charge of three hundred penmanship 
students daily, I get a good point occa- 
sionally. I try to get the student in a 
good position first of all, and then follow 
by moving the arm from lelt to right and 
IP every direction, without a pen in hand. 
Then I try the dry pen exercise-making, 
tracing ovals without ink on the pen and 
follow with running oval. The first few 
lessons are spent in obtaining the best po- 
sition possible and developing movement, 
and the remaining lessons in obtaining 
control over the movement. The best 

" Will you name some of your pupils of 
whose proficiency you are especially 
proud ? " 

"G. W. Wallace, who graduated from 
our special penmanship department las 
July, and who is now penman and secre- 
tary of the Wilmington, Delaware, Com- 
mercial College, a yojng man of nineteen 
years, I consider the finest all-round pen- 
man of his age in this country. There are 
not three professionals of any age who can 
excel his flourishing. His writing is strong 
and bold and quite accurate. F. L. EUett, 
Red Oak, Iowa, and D. 1). Darby, of 
Northboro, Iowa, are good penmen, and 

" That's liberal. Thank you. Do you 
use pen and ink, blackboard or engraved 
copies in your classes ? " 

" In class-drill I use both blackboard 
and engraved copies. I write the copy 
on the board and analyze it to the best of 
my ability. Each student is provided with 
a package of slips and the engraved copy 
is kept directly in front of him. I also 
use the board to illustrate and explain the 
faults which seem to be common in the 
class, and to show how they may be cor- 
rected. For special penmanship students 
— those who receive private or. individual 
instruction — I ivrite all copies on paper, 

remedy ; but I do not believe, as a rule, in 
consuming lime by giving personal in- 
struction when the same thing is needed 
by the class." 

" Do you teach muscular movement 
exclusively? " 

" Yes, I rarely mention any other move- 
ment before a class. I find it necessary, 
however, to direct a great many as to how 
to get along without the finger and whole- 
arm movements. In the Special Pen- 
manship Department a different plan is 
pursued, as I have a better control of the 
student there." 

" Have you any special methods of 
leaching the muscular I " 

thing that I can find to give a beginner an 
idea of what is meant by muscular move- 
ment is to place my left hand on his fore- 
arm, just forward of the elbow, and hold 
his hand in position by means of my right 
hand, while making some very simple 
tracing exercise. I find this to be belter 
than an hour's talking." 

" Do you have trouble with lady pupils 
on account of tight sleeves ? " 

" Yes, I usually have a little trouble at 
the beginnmg of a term, but I speak 
plainly about the matter, condemninji tight 
sleeves, bracelets, cuffs, wristlets or other 
paraphernalia with which it is fashionable 
to encumber the arm." 

are following an itinerant's life now. H. 
H. Kellogg, penman in the Anoka, Min- 
nesota, Business College, is a successful 
teacher. J. M. Davis has charge of the 
Commercial and Penmanship depart- 
ments of the Nebraska Normal school, 
Madison, Nebraska, and J. C. Nelson is 
in Omaha, Nebraska. I have hundreds 
of pupils engaged in teaching in the public 
schools, who, although they do not fol- 
low penmanship as a profession, are fine 

" Have any of your lady pupils ever be- 
come skilled penmen ? " 

" No, but I have succeeded in turning 

TKtjEi. F'HlKr-AR'r HElRAlIiO 

out some very fair writers of the opposite 
-spv. Yet with the same amount of effort 
on my part, and apparently due effort. on 
theirs, I can produce fifty good writers 
among the boys where I can produce 
one among the ladies — 1 mean excenent 
writers. Nearly one-half of my three 
hundred writing pupils are ladies." 

The cultured and competent instructor 
in Penmanship, Commercial branches and 
Shorthand at The Modern Offick 
Tkainino College, Columbus, was born 
at Warren, Ohio, November ii, i866. 

His boyhood was spent upon his fath 
er's farm. Nature, however, did not in- 
tend that he should remain a (illerof the 
soil, in the literal meaning of the words — 
but that he should, at a sufficiently ma- 
lure age, become a laborer in the vineyard 
of mind, and should cultivate inteUecfs, in- 
stead of corn and beans. We doubt not 
that he was a success in his boyhood voca- 
tion, as he has been a marked one in the 
higher vineyard— there being much in 
common with the farmer and 
The one deals with, principally, ir 
matter, and the other with the 
and mental — both endeavoring to induce 
healthy and substantial growth and devel- 
opment ; both trying to remove obstacles 
which prevent proper expansion and culti- 
vation of existing and primary germs. Be- 
cause of this co-relation of prtjfessions, we 
account for the fact that the best teachers 
come from the farm. 

Mr. McKee's taste for penmanship was 
manifested at an early age. His first les- 
sons in writing were given hiru by S. P. 
Benjamin, an itinerant teacher. Of him 
our subject purchased a co;^' of Mussel- 


Normal School at CanBeld, pursuing tbj^ 
common branches," with a view t^. 
teaching. In this schoul all students were 
entitled to an hour's penmanship instruo- 
lion, free of charge, twice a week. Th^ 
; was under the chaise of J.~6. S?ay,' 

turbulent sea of doubt, unable to return to 
the starting point, and with little hope of 
reaching a peaceful haven beyond. This 
is an experience with which all learners 
are acquainted, however, and which 
uOTally precedes the - dawn of a 

district school.. Duhng this time he gained 
his first experience as a teacher of writing. 
He had engaged for the second term, but 
receiving an offer of the position of assist- 
ant teacher of penmanship at tHe Normal, 
he resigned, and, during the four weeks 
intervening, drank from the " Fountain of 
Pen-art," the Oberlift College Depart- 
ment of Penmanship. 

The following year was spent as assist- 
ant penman in the Normal, in connection 
with pursuing a full commercial course 
successfully. At the end of the year he 
was chosen to represent his class in com- 
mencement exercises. By this time he 
had acquired a considerable knowledge of 
teaching and of our profession, and was a 
subscriber to all of our penmanship papers. 
He now assumed entire charge of the pen- 
manship. in both the Normal and the pub- 
lic schools of Canfield. At the close of 
the year he was earrtestly sought to re- 
main, but desiring to labor in a larger 
field, accepted his present position in 
Columbus, which he is filling with honor 
to himself and satTsfaction to all. 

C. E. McKee is one of the brightest of 

the new 


In e 

live ability he has few equals among our 
best professionals ; and as a teacher and 
man he is liberal, progressive and accom- 
plished. He is a member of the Presby- 
terian Church, and for his success in life 
— for he is a success— he gives his mother 
the credit. Always anxious to encourage 
him and to stimulate him to nobler 
actions, her infiuence upon his life cannot 
fail to be apparent to all. 

H. P. Behrensmeyer will attend the 
Cedar Rapids convention. 

This \er> beautiful and eWborate spec 

man's Compendium, which constituted 
his only guide for a considerable time 
thereafter. At the age of fourteen he de- 
signed and executed a small piece of pen- 
drawing which was awarded first premmm 
at the county fair. It is useless to add 
that this early pen triumph acted as an in 
centive to continued effort ; and in the fall 
of 1883 he entered the Northeastern Ohio 

who required that the muscular and no 
other movement should be operated. 
This proved a serious matter for our young 
friend, as he had not been accustomed to 
anything of that sort. His muscles were 
wild and reckless and would not confine 
their wanderings to proper limits. One 
week in this class made of him — appar- 
ently — a chirographic wreck, floating in a 



movement mornmg. 

Being of an experimental turn of mind, 
Mr. McKee kept working at odd mo- 
ments, until he succeeded in naturalizing 
his muscles to such an extent that practice 
became a pleasure, and he was often 
astonished at his own work. After two 
terms of schooling at the Normal, he 
taught, at the age of seventeen, his first 

E. M. Chattier will open the Texas 
Business College and Institute of Penman- 
ship at Paris, about January ist. 

G. B. Jones conducts a successful 
writing academy in Wilder's Arcade, 

J. W. Stoakes, Milan, Ohio, does fine 
automatic pen-lettering, and is the leading 
dealer in those instruments. 


Divid BlBkily. g;^ p';t°t?t. , RaberlA^'s- 
"^''a Richard Chute. ii>"" 

Tins page ot engrossing i« plioto-eugiavea from Ihe original uopy i>l J. W. Hakkins, of Curiiss' Business College, Minneapolis. Miiuicsola. Iii order to present il in ihe Uli 
to enlarge the si/.e of the paper somewhat, but we think the great value of the cut justifies us in so doing. 

: have been compelia 


Zbc pen=art Iberalb 

> Monthly Journal of Peni 

[ inch, I monih, $2. 3 n 

) 10. Sixly-five cents each. 

) 50, Rates made known on applii 
lese rales include the "Alphabets". 

Cleveland, Ohio. 


Entered ai the Fc 

[ Offici 

1 Cleveknd. Ohic 


In the early days of business colle 
history it was customary to advertise 
teach a certain "System" of writing 
but that custom has be- 
come nearly obsolete. 
Is it pertinent to ask 
ourselves the cause of 
this state of desuetude? 
Does it arpue that our 
professionals no longer 
entertain any regard 
for sysffi/i in their 
leaching ? Is it an in- 
dication of progress or 
retrogression ? 

We are inclined to 
believe that this state 
of things is in perfect 
keeping with the gen- 
eral ad 

remove the serious and, to some degree, 
just complaints against our present sys- 
tem, it is necessary for teachers to breathe 
the air of actuality and to strip their 
courses of study of everything which has 
not an important relation to the work of 
the business office. While business men 
cannot always be teachers, teachers should 
always be thorough business men. 

A correspondent suggests that there is 
a "marked difTerence between mere//a/« 
writing and practical writing." This differ- 
ence comes, doubtless, from the com- 
mendable — but overdone — efforts of some 
authors to simplify forms of letters in 
business writing. These abbreviations, 
while diminishing th' 

I letter, do 


ality of the forms to such 
they may be rapidly made 
their legibility — without w 
is worthless. 

ber of strokes 
the individu- 
m extent that 
nd still retain 
ich all writing 

Rivalry in business college work seems 
to be peculiarly productive of jealousy and 
back-biting, if we are to judge from a num- 

month, we are pleased to present in full, 
as below, a copy of the 


At Cedar Rapids, Iowa, beginning Monday, 
Dec. 26. 1887, and lasting five days. 

OrganJMition and report of Secretary and Treas- 

. M.— ADDRESS OF WELCOME. —(To be SUppllCd.) 
Response by C. S. Chapman, President, 
Reception and Sociable. 

W. Pierson, followed by 

s drills in word and 51 

Discussion — Should whole-a 
Slight in a business college? 
Opened by B. C. Wood, followed by the 

Combined movement. W.J. Kinsley. 

Miscellaneous Topics. 

Muscular Movement. A. J. Scarborough. 

Penmanship in business colleges. G. W. Brown. 

4 10 5 P. M. 
Drills in business writing. E. H. Robbins. 

Address — Illustrated. 
Forged and Disguised Writing. D. T. Ames. 

8:30109:30 P. M. 
Flourishing. A. H. Hinman. 

Lesson to advanced pupils. 

9:30 10 10:30 

What shall we do to rais< 

nanship in the public schools \ 

Abbreviated Capilals. 


Election of officers an 

C. N.Crandle. 
1 general business 

methods and ideas 
which has character- 
ized the last few years 
of our work. Teach- 
eis are doing their own 
thinking, and are com- 
ing to investigate for 
themselves as to the 
most practical ways of 
attaining success in the 
writing class. To ad- 
mit that a " %ysiim " is 
taught, would be equiv- 
alent to acknowledging 
that, because of a 


Bv E. K. Isaacs, Valparaiso, Ind. 

The original of the illustration on 
)age two was executed some four years- 
^ ago, which explains 
the "greeting "on the 
card in the foreground- 
While some of the 
Herald readers may 
have seen this piece 
of flourishing before, 
I am quite certain it 
will be new to a great 
majority, and in a re- 
sponse to a request 
from the editor to' 
"give the boys some- 
thing to work at for 
a month or two," I 

give" this de 


eti, originally, by I'ki>k. S. J. Pkjugkn, the accomplished penman ol Mo 

of a lack of ideas of 
our own, we have adopted the ideas of 
some author who has probably had no 
actual teaching experience at all. System 
is not only commendable, but necessary ; 
a standard of form and idea is, likewise, 
a necessity ; but to utilize the opinions 
and productions of someone else, without 
proper investigation as to their merits or 
adaptability to our own purposes, is to 
make of ourselves teaching maclnnfs, in- 
stead of brain-endowed, living and capable 
instructors. * * * When Business 
Training schools were established, Co.m- 
MERCF. became one of the Professions. 
Reflecting on this fact, should we not 
occasionally compare \\\e relation of Com- 
mercial Colleges to the profession of Bnsi 
Niiss,with that of other schools to the call- 
ing for which they train our youth ? Is 
there not some doubt in your mind as to 
whether the Business school is the recog- 
nized channel of preparation for the re- 
quirements of actual life ? Is it so re- 
garded by business men? In order to 

ber of instances brought to our notice. 
We cannot see why honorable competition 
should sever friendly or fraternal ties, but 
it rarely fails to do this. Teachers and 
educators, however, who are of sufficiently 
broad and liberal views to render them de- 
serving of the titles, will not dishonor 
themselves or their calling by denouncing 
a brother as a rogue, ignoramus and gen- 
eral scoundrel, simply because he may 
operate a school in their own immediate 
territory. Such tactics do not serve to 
gain for anyone the favor of the intelligent, 
and are the means of lowering the status 
of the calling in the eyes of the disinter- 


About the time this \\ 
Heraild reaches its readers, 
educational meeting will t 

of its proceedings 

of the 
will be about to 
While the report 
ist wait until next 

Itinerant teachers : how should they organize am 
conduct classes ? A general discussion to be openei 
by A. E. Parsons. 

Evening — Entertainment. 


) in county 


9:30 10 


Speed in F 

10:30 to 

H. 1' 


My m«).o 

i of lead 

ing L 

A, H. Hinma 

11:30 t 


Miscellaneous topics. 

Music as 

n adjunct 

R. Ralhbun. 

Business Writing, W. H. Whigani. 

3 form. C. H. Pi. 

Methods of teachins large classes. E. K. Isaacs. 

with the earnest hope 
that the boys, and 
girls, too, may find 
something in it worthy 
of studyandimitation. 
The original was- 
about three times the 
size of cut. It was 
photo-engraved — not 

At first sight the 
learner will probably 
exclaim: "O, that's 
too fine and compli- 
cated, I can never make that ! " But do 
not be too hasty in your conclusions. By 
more careful study you will observe a 
certain system pervading the whole, and 
when once you get anything systematized, 
it will appear simple to you. 

Notice that ihe cluster of branches are 
arranged systematically, those extending 
toward the right having their complemen- 
tary ones at the left. The learner may 
sketch in these branches with lead-pencil — 
that is, the stem or centre line of each 
branch may be sketched in lightly with 
pencil, in order to get the different 
branches located properly. Lay off your 
design twice the size of the copy, and 
by "twice the size" is meant twice the 
dimensions each way, making it really four 
times as large as original. 

In all your flourishing, try to make the 
lines cross each other at riglit angles or 
nearly so. Owing to the multiplicity of 
lines in accompanying design, the critical 
eye may discover sotne excephons to this 
rule ; but in the main it has been carried 


out. Even the branches dropping down- 1 
ward or extending heavenward are seem- 
ingly cognizant of this rule, and "cross 
each other at right angles or nearly so." 

I am somewhat curious to know how 
many strokes ibis design contains, but 
never had the lime or patience to count 
them. I shall remunerate in some way 
any of the Herald learners who may 
have the time and patience to count the 
strokes— excluding the stipple work and 
lettering — and who will report the same to 
me or through the Herald. 

I shall also be very much pleased to 
receive specimens from all who may feel 
that they are making a reasonable success 
of this design. 



We present the accompanying piece of 
pen drawing as a specimen of ornamental 
penmanship and believe that those of our 
readers who feel disposed to try copying 
it will find as easy a design as they 
have ever attempted to execute. 

No one is prepared to begin 
the study of ornamental penman- 
ship, however, without first sup- 
plying himself with a set of draw- 
ing instruments. These may be 
had at any book store. 

In making an elaborate piece 
of pen-work, the part on which 
you are most uncertain should be 
made first. That is, if you de- 
sire to execute a piece of work 
containing both pen drawing and 
flourishing, you should, so^far^as 
possible, make the flourisfi Mst, 
for the reason that in making 
rapid flourishes you are much 
more unlikely to get your best 

In this design make the large 
circle first with a pencil. Next 
make the flourishes on the sides 
and in case you fail to get them 
as exact as you desire, but little 
work is lost by taking a new sheet 
and commencing again. ' 

Next pencil out the pallet and brushes 
carefully. If you have nrit a paste board 
pallet of proper size to get the outline 
from, you can trace the one given in the 
design on thin paper. 

Shade the brushes and branches next 
taking special care with all the details. 
The last thing done should be to trace 
the outline of the pallet with a pen. 

One of the greatest difficulties with 
beginners is to stop when they have 
finished a design. The secret of success 

him to spend most of his time on some- 
thing which does not pertain to that posi- 
tion in any way ? 

No? Then why do you compel stu- 
dents in bookkeeping to work so hard 
acquiring a slow, shaded handwriting, 
which they cannot use satisfactorily in 
business? Business men do not want 
ihaded writing in their books ! They 
want rapid, unshaded, unflourished, neat 
and legible penmanship— not only for 
their books but for their correspondence. 
/ have talked to them about this matter 
and know that I speak their sentiments. 

A short time ago I wrote up two page: 
of a journal, one written in a smooth, un 
shaded hand, the other in a smooth 
shaded hand (and many times better 
than any six months student could write), 
and took them, myself, to all the promi 
nent business men in Des Moines, in- 
cluding all the wholesale houses where 
the largest salaries are paid bookkeepers, 
and I have found but one man who 
favored the shaded writing, and he is pro- 
prietor of a small tailor shop, and I do 
not suppose his books are very extensive. 

A. M. 

Than whom there is no better pen 
artist among the ladies of our country, 
was formally introduced to the shifting 
scenes of planetary life, in Mt. Morris, 
Illinois, twenty-one years before this issue 
of the Pen-Art Herald came from the 
press. At the age of eighteen she had 
completed the high school and university 
of study, and since that time has 

in prodi 


;ing first cl; 

largely in getting 
:e with as few stroki 

tal pe 



Article on first page of October num- 
ber of Herald, entitled, ''Teaching 
Business Writing," has been eagerly read 
by me. 

If you were preparing a young man for 
a district school teacher, would you com- 
pel him to spend most of his time try- 
ing to get a little Greek? If you were 
training a young man for any vocation 
would it be doing him justice lo compel 

The more prominent a man or the 
larger the establishment the louder they 
spoke in favor ol the unshaded and 
against the shaded writing. I consider 
this a fair and impartial test of the style 
of penmanship demanded by business 

Penmen who teach slow, shaded writ- 
ing to a student in bookkeeping are mak- 
ing a great mistake. They ought not to 
waste the valuable time of any young 
man by having him learn that which is 
of no real benefit to him, and, in many 
cases, a real hindrance. 

I teach students in bookkeeping noth- 
ing but a plain, rapid style, with no shade 
whatever, and no flourish. I make two 
essentials to business writing : First, 
legibility ; second, rapidity. This morn- 
ing three students in my class wrote the 
word " shell " twenty-nine times in thirty 
seconds, and over forty got twenty-five 
words in the same time, and every word 
perfectly legible. 

G. J. Kr< 

branches of the 

mer, Cleveland, executes, 
nd sings fine penmanship, 
ime excellent work in all 

taken a commercial course and acquired 
the greater part of her skill with the pen- 
It is needless to refer to the fact that 
it is only within comparatively recent 
years that ladies have seen fit to cultivate 
the art of fine penmanship, either as a de- 
sirable accomplishment or for professional 
uses. It would seem, however, that, as 
far as natural capability for and adaptation 
to this work, counts in attaining profi- 
ciency in pen-art, the milder sex must 
ever claim the ascendency. Woman's 
proverbial inherent appreciation of the 
beautiful, her superior taste and delicate 
sensibility ; her critical eye and her com- 
parative and analytical tendencies, all 
combine in rendering the highest skill in 
any branch of penmanship within her im- 
mediate reach. Reflecting, then, that for 
every year of her life there are, in our 
own country, at least a million of women 
with sufficient natural ability to gain an 
equal amount of skill with an instrument 
which every one of them use, daily, we 
cannot help concluding that Miss Nintin 
is deserving of all honor for her acknowl- 
edged superiority in the realm of the 
" Qu2en of Arts." 

Her instruction in penmanship was ob- 

tained, mainly, from Professor 
Hargis, one of the proprietors of the 
Grand Island Business College, in which 
institution she is now teaching. 

We are glad to be able to present, in 
this issue, the first of a series of illus- 
trated articles on ornamental penmanship, 
from the pen of this distinguished lady — 
accompanied by her portrait and auto- 
graph ; and we can assure our friends that 
in her designs and instructions they will 
find much of interest, merit and 
On behalf of the profession it 
espouses, the Heralii says, in emphatic 
tones, and heartily. Long live the Queen 
OF Pen- Art ! 

The fact that you cannot enjoy the per- 
sonal instruction of some professional 
teacher is no reason why you should de- 
spair of learning the art of penmanship. 
In fact, if you properly use the means 
right at your command, there is little need 
of taking a costly course in some distant 
school. Only keep one thing forever be- 
fore your eyes — that is, you hare 
brains, intellect, intelligence, mind, 
and reason, with muscles which 
need to be properly trained b\ 
these forces, and it matters HhIl 
whether you ever see a more skill- 
ful penman than yourself — sue- u 
cfes is certain. There is noth- 
ing which will take the place of 
tfunkins- Throw off the shackles 
o( ignorance, and determine to 
iiivestigate and compare. If you 
have before you a specially at- \ 
Itoctive specimen of penmanship, y 
trj to-find out what kindof tratn^^. 
ing is required before you will be |, 
able to e<iual it. Do not allow ] 
dazzling results to dumfound you. I 
Admiration is not coupled with \ 
wonder when brains are back ofH 
it. The class of people who are \ 
easily amazed at a new thing are I 
not the class who excel in their A 
different lines of work. Wonder ij 
never discovered a hidden rea- . 
son, or unearthed a buried theory, j 
In learning penmanship the exer- | 
cise of brain-force is just 
is in the pursuit of the 
scientific investigation. "1 

Do not look at a meritorious piece of I 
pen-work, and exclaim ; " Elegant ! I I 
don't see how it is possible to do such fine \ 
work with a pen ! " That is wonder. But • 
rather talk after this fashion : "This piece 
appears to be very skillfully done; but I'll (■ 
systematize its parts, become acquainted | 
with the causes which produced it, and see *J 
how well the author has exercised them." I 
That is admiration coupled with intelli- I 
gence. I 

difficult of 1 

The Writing Teacher, Richmond, Va., 
is now a tweniy-four-page magazine. The 
last issue is a gem, and should be examined 
by everyone who loves penmanship or its 

E. L. Burnett is the " Representative " 
scribe whose sketch and portrait appear in 
the last Art Journal. He well deserves the 

The Western Penman promises an un- 
usually fine number for December. The 
November issue contains an excellent 
specimen of pen-art from the hand of 
Professor H. J. Putman. 




In this issue of the Herald we present a series of mo\'ement exercises 
beginning each line with a plain business capital, with several small letters, for the 
purpose of sliding the hand on the paper as the pupil writes,^nd ending the line 
with a plain capital. 

Notice the form of capital A, close 
straight, and finish with a right curve one s 
least five minutes, using the utmost care with 
the first copy. Combine capital A, five sm; 
pen. It would be well for the pupil 
minutes. Before making the 
full right curve, turning short 

the top, make last downward stroke 
pace high. Practice this letter for at 
each efTort. Now take the exercise in 
all n's and capital S without lifting the 
practice the capital S for five or ten 
notice the first stroke of capital S ; make a 
d finishing with a free slide of the hand, 

lifting the pen on the first line a little below the 


ctice thii 

until you have the ability to slide the little finger on the paper with ease. 

In making capital B you will notice that the pen was lifted at the 
the first downward stroke. In this letter do not try to retrace from the 
the first stroke to finish the letter. If you do retrace the r 
probably, be a loop; besides you cannot make a graceful capital B with 
bined stroke, therefore we prefer lifting the pen at the bottom of all su( 
Begin the finishing part as shown in first capital B. The top and the 
this letter should be of equal width, forming the loop inside of the finishir 
as near half the height" of the letter as possible. After practicing the c 
few minutes, join the small o's without lifting the pen, and at the end of i 


the com 
:h strokes 

bottom of 
<g part and 
apital 6 a 
he small o 

pupil, by 
> that the 

m copy, 
pression on his mind, 
11 at the top and making 


exercise, make the first part of capital H a; 
observing each stroke carefully, can get the 
stroke may be reproduced on paper intelli^ 
thing less than three thousand times, closing t 
five letters in each exercise. 

The above line is one of great importance to the beginner. After practicing 
the capital C, as illustrated, join several small a's and follow with the first part of 
the capital M. Do not lift the pen after the first stroke of a small a. After 
making the first part of the capital M, place the pen on about mid-height 
the first part of the letter and finish without lifting the pen. Make each part of the 
capital M round at the top and be sure not to omit the finishing stroke. Study 
carefully the first part of the capita! C. The common fault in that letter, is to 
make the loop loo small. A few hundred studied trials at this exercise will give 
you a very good idea of its nature. 

Practice ou the capital D after giving it careful study in regard to the loop at 
base line, also the finishing loop at the top. Avoid making the letter too wide. 
After you can make the D quite well or can slide the hand with ease, join the six 
small v's finishing with the first part of the capital N. In making the small v 
exercise, notice each letter is round at the top, having a short turn at the base line, 
The faults to avoid in this exercise are, (i) making the letter sharp at the top after 
first part. (2) Sharp at the bottom. (3) Closing the letter at the top so that it would 
look too much like a small o. Finish the capital N the same as M, except the last 
part of the N is a little higher than the last part of th 

id the form of the letter, it wilt be quite easy to 
your imagination. Notice closely the 
ke the first part o{ the capital 

I fault i 

The capital E is considered by many to be the most difficult capital 
alphabet. Don't let this expression discourage you. We think if you have acquired 
a good free movement and unders 
place the form on paper, as you h. 
top of the capital E. The commi 

Notice that the lower part or oval of the letter 
given for the capital O, the E and O being 
similar in this respect. If we can make one letter well, we have practiced certain 
parts of the other letter. Avoid making the first part of the capital E too 
This is the common fault. Make the small e exercise and follt 
of capital X. The last part of the X should be made with a 
finished the same as a small letter. Be sure to get a loop 
make the letters one space high, or, in other word'^, one small 

with the first stroke 
pid movement and 
1 each small e and 
should occupy one- 
uled lines of your paper. The downward stroke of 

1 tittle above the basi 

tourth the space betw 

the small e is almost straight, making the 

Practice the first stroke of capital F until you can make the proper curve at 
top and bottom. Make the top, or cap of letter, with a free slide of the hand, 
forming a douhle curve; leave a little space between the two parts. The characteristic 
mark of the F should be made last. You will observe wc make small c with- 
out loop at top. Practice this exercise with rapid movement and make a capital G 
at the end of each trial. Study the G carefully. First stroke full curve, short 
turn at top — ^cross first about in centre and finish as per copy. 

Having explained the capital G in the line with F, we will simply speak of the 
w and v exercise. In the above copy notice the finish of the small w is the same as 
the last part of the v. All parts of the w should be sharp at the top. The com- 
mon fault in making the small w is in getting it loo wide. Practice this exercise 
with care. The capital V is round both at top and base, with finishing stroke two 
spaces high, or two-thirds as high as the letter. 

In this exercise we have given a com- 
bination of seven small r's, following the 
capital H. The pupil should study care- 
fully the top of the small r. Notice after 
making the first stroke, the next line re- 
traces the first a very little, making a short 
curve for what is termed the shoulder 
stroke, then finishing as you would finish 
the small n, that is, straight line and 
right curve. The small r should be 
made one-fourth of a space higher than 




lesson. The object of making r high, 
is to give it a mqre graceful ap- 
pearance and better proportion, The k 
at the end of this line, first part same as 
capita! H, the difference being in the 
finishing part. Notice that the double 
curve at the top of the finishing part Joins 
the first part of the letter about one and 
one-half spaces above the base line; at 
that point make a very short curve joining 
the straight line and finishing the same as 
small r. The common fault with the be- 
ginner in making a small r is getting a 
loop at the top and forming an angle at 
the shoulder part of the letter, thus mak- 
ing it too flat on the top, and otherwise 
spoiling the appearance of the letter. Any 
reader of the Herald who is interested in 
the work and feels that he would like to 
ask any question in regard to teaching thi 
subject of penmanship in cor 
may be perfectly free to 
author of this series of t^ 
questions will be answered through the 
columns Of the Herald each month. All 
questions pertaining to this course of 
lessons should be addressed to C. N. 
Crandle, Dixon, III. And in order to 
have the answer appear in the issue of the 
Herald which will contain my next 
lesson, the questions should be in my 
possession at the earliest possible date. 
In our next we will give a series of ex- 
ercises of vast importance, not only to 
the pupil of the public school, but espe- 
cially to the amateur penmen and teachers. 




1 HI., December, 

The real heroes of a crusade are not al- 
ways those wearing the brilliant plumage 
of leaders, but more frequently are they 
the honest, sturdy, hard-working toilers, 
who bear the burdens in the torrid noon- 
day sun of discouragement, and who seek 
only to find their duty that they may 
bravely perform it^not those who, in fe- 
verish haste to become great, attempt to 

scale the heights at a single glorious 

Our good friend. Professor C. E. Jones, 
principal of the Commercial and Penman- 
ship departmenis of Tabor College, out in 
Iowa, is such a worthy example of manly 
manhood in the school-room, in private 
life and in our profession, that we have 
determined to tell the readers of the Her- 
ald something about him, and with his 
consent— given somewhat reluctantly — 
we are plw-sed to present, in the above 
cut, a reflection of his features, by which 
he may be identified at the Cedar Rapids 
Convention during the holidays. 

Mr. Jones was unknown to the census 
takers until May ist, 1863. He had no 
schooling of any kind until twelve years of 
age, and then only such as was furnished 
by frontier schools. At the age of fifteen 
his parents removed to Fremont City, 
Iowa, where he attended town schools for 
two years, beginning to teach at the end 
of that time. By means of teaching in 
district schools, and doing other work, he 
procured sufficient means to carry him 
through to the senior year of a classical 
course of study. He graduated from 
Eastman's College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 
in February, 1884, and took a special pen- 
manship course at the same institution in 
1SS6. He had, about this time, a good 
wholesome taste of the itinerant work of a 
writing teacher, and, in r886, assumed the 
principalship of the Tabor College busi- 
ness department. He commenced here 
with comparatively a complete dearth of 
students, but, by energy and hard labor, 
has created a first-class, practical training 
school, and, during the last six months, 
has enrolled one hundred and forty stu- 

• workers in ti 


He was one of the prin- 
movement to establish 
National Penmen's Associa; 
traveled a distance of a thousand miles to 
attend its first session. 

Mr. Jones, in addition to being a pro- 
ficient artist in other branches of penman- 
ship, is one of the leading automatic pen 
artists of the country, and is a successful 
teacher of everything connected with his 

He is a firm and substantial friend of 
the Herald, and is responsible, to some 
extent, for the rapid growth it is enjoying. 




do Uforyou»nd guaranteesaiisfaction. 
awSend for CircuUrs.jej» 

Penmen's Supplies 

Sent posl-paid on recdpi of pi»ce, except ink. 
Two cvni stamps uken. 

jnd best pen n 

Lettering; i is llie largest: assorted to c 
gross 35c. I gross Ji. 30, Soeknecken's i 
30, double points for open Test Letienjoif ; 
largest; assorted loo—*--- - ■'-- -- 


$1.50. Bristol Boards, for Engrossing, 

28 in. ; 6 boards 85c ; light, for tiourishing. 6 boards 

50c. Pantogkapi 

larging designs, $ 
out curved lines ol li-'lterii 
40c. T-SQUAKE, with ^L^^ 
ING Pen, for use with tin- 

Penholders, straight, i 
Ink per pint, by express, 
large s ' 

s, for m'ak 

. $1. Ink Tray, 







Fine Card Writing. 

Having so many calls for my cards. I will offer t 

write [hem as follows : 
12 Cards, with your name written in several van- 

Oui- Premium Offers. 

nnd liberU 

send, pOSt-piiid, ;is a lokcr 

BEIS, a review of which will b.. found 


■■'■V. days from the J 
■ ndrng- us'sttfcntv- ' 
< ni stamps, we will 

M1.I..I by . 

""" ol 1 

iini in ihis j 

the work will be found in iheir 

If ihis "ad ■' is mnrked, we ma1*e these offers for - 
your tfiiial IrnrjII.—NOT FOR SOME ON E H\ 

Will you take advantage of them at once> 

W. D. SHOWALTER, Editor. 

562 Pearl Mrect. Cleveland. O. 

Gold, Honor and Success 



PROF. W. W. BLNNEn. the World-Renowned and Champion Penman, offers superior advantage. 

to young penmen and others wishing to learn co write an accurate hand with a good movement NOTH- 

ZZ:^yi.^.^^l^ PENMANSHIP WIi.L BE TAUGHT. We do not teach flourishing or pen- 

.„. _ .. ^^^^^^ ^^ induce students lo learn itp-from the fact 

islead c 





Three Months' Teacher's Course $25.00. | Six Months' Teacher's Course $450 

Send for COLLEGE Journal. Sample Copy free $1.00 per year with fine premiutn. 

"I believe youn£ Behrensmeyer *Io b5 the I 
penman of his age in the world. If there is om 
equal him. I don't know it. Few of the professioi 

VN, Quincy, 111. 
"Your writing isimmense.and woi 
many of the self-siyled 'Champit 

Patrick, Baltimore, Md. 

"I would give all I possess for such a command 
of|thepen."— F. S. Heath. Epsom, N. H. 

"I have no hesitation, whatever, in pronouncing 
you the finest penman of vourage in the world."— 
M. B. Moore, Morgan. Ky. 
Address all orders to 


Gem r.ty Business Con,-^,-. Quincy. III. 

You Ou^lit to See the Rest of It! 


jA Specimen Letter. zoi 

ecimens of Card Writ 

Fraternal Iv. 
562 Pearl Street, 
Cleveland, O. 

E. Bartow cannot eas 
illes him lo a high pi; 
raphers of our caUing. 

ly be surpassed. His work 

r specimen letter is excellent. R. S. Collins. 
are a wonderful penman. R. W. Wood. 

Specimens of Flourishing, 

Which are conceded to be as fine as the finest 
ipt of 24 cents. Lessons in 
■' '" " * 3b, or 15 for 


m l making the best im- i 

m^t^^mi provement out of ev- \ 

petiiors. Also the DIPLOMA will be- I 

all who attain a profinent hand writing. I 

- ented. It pre 
that writing is a PHYSICAL EDUCATION : 
it gives you a thorough control over the ann and 

honesty, ; 


50 O E3^TTS. 

In answering this advertisement please 
tio not forget to enclose a postal note for 
fifty cents and state clearly the number of 
the specimen you desire. 

1st. — Scrap book specimen, embracing 
flourishing, writing and lettering. 

2d.— Flourished bird on nest. 

3rd — Flourished swan with scroll work, 

4th. — Set of capitals with elaborate head- 

5th.— A (letign flourished in imitation of | 
ny copy you may send. Will send a per- Wants t 

sonal letter with each order for any one of 

the above designs. 



make $30 a week leaching c^in. 
; the book. 

and join our army of compiiH.i 
iting. make money, gain honor a; 
G. BIXLER. President 

Bi.xler's Business College, 


— 3sr o ? — 


rNo Circulars. 

iSiSlS ^' N. Grandle, Penman and Mist, 

s'k''vLu .0 pArf"rih\'-"v>!!;".!,?h ;,r"'t;,'''7,- !!'|V,„'.;„" ■: ^'^"^ ■ yniKs Illinois normal school, dixon, ill. 


nufaclurers, Piililislit'i-b 



a Specimens of Flourishing, your name written in 
6 different combinations, on cards. 3 flourished cards 
and 2 alphabets written with the AutomiUic Shading 
Pen, new styles, ALL FOR A QUARTER. 

Your name written on i dozen cards in i do/en 
different ways, 20c. Can write any name in from 50 
to 100 different styles and combinations. A few 
dasher of the pen in form of a bird, wc. ; larger 
designs. 15c. and upwards. Engrossing and all 
kinds of pen-work executed to order. 



iship, including Rapid 
, Card Writing, Black- 
traits, Engrossing, De- 
kinds of Pen Work for 

S30-00 02^ILi"2" J°; 

^[•J"^ fn<I Stipple Shading, Pen Drawing, Pen I 

s. Comic Pen Sketching, and preparing a 
ng Process, or to be engraved on wood. 


FREE ! pf?.'!'"^' t'^'°'""°"' Spelling, Voci! Music, Letter Writing. Orchestral and Band 
^ , . ^« , . ^/'•"''"^'■' ^-"erary Societies, Senate. Debating, Library and Teachers' Trainine 

Board $1.40. $1.70 and $2.00 Per Week. Furnished Room 30 Cts. and 50 Cts. Per Week. 


end you his Circulars and put your 
i Automatic Pen, if you 1 

J card with the 




tfit for beginnero, consisting of I 

one Automatic Pen, 2 ink powders, setof Al- 1 

phabets, and complete instructions for begin- 4 

ners, a'l postpaid. ^ 


— :) A:R:T:I:S:T:I:C S:P:E:C:I:M:E:N:S (:- 
The following named designs are decidedly original and all worked in India in 
No. Price No 

r. Flourished Elephant, 18x2a Sic 

a. 12 Grig. Gems of Flourishing— Book Form ic 

3. Flourished Fish with Border, 18x22 i c 

4. Double Swan and Border. 18x22— Grand 1 '- 

5. Variety Speci" " ~' 

5. Variety Specimen. 2axa8— Elegant ! 3 

6. Horse and Landscape. aaxaS — Fine!.., .. 5, 

7. Giraffe and Landscape. 22x28— New ! . c ™ i^„ic.c:»l ....... ,,nai.nn. 

8. Two White Deer. aaxaS-Immense !. . VV.lZl 12. VaVi^ty TriaYoX ."" ?J 

Address C. N. CRANDLE, Penman, DIXON. ILL. ^Mention " P. A. He'mid.''" ' 

. Beautiful Parlor Design, Pen Drawing of 
Cross with Flowers, Bible on Table, Let- 
tering and Border. i6x30— Superb $1 
Set of Capitals. Bird Flourish, and Plain 

Writing in Form of Letter , . 

Iwemy-five Cards written in as manv 
Different Comb 

X^^ F^rg kkFtr HE.RAPwp . 

The Automatic Shading Pen< 




■ Shading Pen-work in lh< 
ds of every reader of this paper. I will write and 
I lo any one sending their name and address, 
e gill-«dge cirds. written in the finest style. 


Box 256, 


mp to pay for postage. 



— IN — 

i^utomatic pengan^jip. 

This ia no experiment. Success is certain to 
every one taking lessons wlio is willing to work. 

No student has failed yet. and I have had 

To my knowledge, no one else teaches Auto- 
matic i'ennianship by mail. 

The course is system alically arranged as far 
as is possible, but the lessons must he varied 
in every case to suit the particular needs of each 

This is one of the most beautiful kinds of pen 
work and is within the reach of everyone, cer- 
tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after six les- 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

12 Lessons .$3 00 

li4 Lessons ....^.. 5 00 

Alphabets, each 15 

1 Handsome Motto, size 7x20 letteretVand 

ornamented in a variety of colors, .' 20 

1 Automatic Shading Pen ■■■■%!'« 25 

?V Automatic Shiidiog(a8Korted)..;..yj^,„ 1 00 
& assorted powders for making ink foellme 25 

12 Ornamented designs ,;.. .100 

Cards, per doz 30 



Jones is one of the very finest Automatic pen 

TAf VVnUrn Penman. 
The art of lettering with an automatic pen 
has been reduced to a fine pointby C. E. Jones, 
'Principal of the Business Department of the 
I'Tabor, loiva College. That be has also the lac- 
juHy of imaprting skill to others is attested by 
numerous specimens of the work of his stu- 
dents, which we have been permitted to see. 
The Ptnman 's A rt Jourftal. 
Specimens of automatic pen-lettering received 
from Mr. Jones are the tinest we have ever 

Ed. Pen Art Herald. 

The Pen Art Herald 

You have now examined a copy of our paper, and 
it is safe to say that you have formed some opinion 
of it. Whether this impression be adverse or favor- 
able, the Herald wishes to henr from you without 
delay- In the event that you have discovered in this 
^isue some feature of merit which has pleased you, 
we shall esteem it a favor lo be made aware of the 
fact at your convenience ; and if you think the paper 
will be worth to you the amount of our subscrip- 
tion price, it will afford us pleasure to enroll you a; 
'a regular subscriber to same. If you have any seriou; 
fault to find with the nature of the periodical, hoW' 
ever, we request that, before you lend us your aid, 
you inform us of the defect. We are anxious tc 
make our Hckald valuable and interesting, and Ic 
that end welcome honest criticism. 

All doubt of the permanence of the enterprise i: 
)w removed, and we assure everyone that no risl 
incurred through palroniEing our paper. 
Unless your subscription is sent in you will not b< 
likely to see another copy of the Pen Art Herald 
take it for granted that you desire to pay for 
what you get. 

Soliciting your patronage on our merits alone 
trusting that the pleasure of enrolling you and \ 
;as subscribers and friends to the periodical may 
[iieours, we remain, 
1 The 



A New Work. New Plan. Admirably Arranged. Elegantly En- 
graved. Finest of Heavy Paper. Best of Printing. 

Half the Usual Price. , 


copper, printed from stone on the finest kind of very heavy 
1 here are two parts : 
These shps are not bound and are all devoted to plain writing. 


shps devoted t 

The small 

t or plui 

giving fifty-five different 
ch they should be taught, 
educing nothing but small letters. The fines 
Following the letter given for practice, comes a short word introducing the capital, fol 
lowed" by a short sentence, starling with the ."same capital. 

"■' figures nre analyzed by means of staff lines, and a great variety of commercial abbreviati" 

given. Forms of draft, receipt and l< 

e prominent fealurt 
) accompany the 

One slip of 5 

■ General Infornia 

penmanship papers a 

Prof. S. D. Fori 

of Lessons" just : 

beautiful work. You deserve to re 
' Lessons " you will reap it, 

the " Lessons." Collect all other 
compare. One can be ordered in 
want copies. If this work is i 
and does not give more for the 
pay postage for return, p^ovidi 

" for Barnum's Circus, but you \ 

and the best of it is we have n 
B some of the others. 


International Exponent " and Prin. of Altoona (Pa.) Bus. Coll. : 
ts me, It is the finest thing in the form of a compendium I ha 

jn I have seen. The arrangemeat of the copies, together w 
1 10 the teacher of penmanship as well as to the beginner. 
g Rapids (Mich.) Industrial School; — I shall say a goodwi 
ip a rich reward, and if .the people can learn of the exisle 

ind school. A liberal discount given. Money 

' ' Compendiums " on writing, send for a copy of (he ' " Lessons ' 

id it will prevent defrauding the remaininfp people who 

R made selling 

:amps not taKen. 
named below that is nearer to yoi 

P. O. Box 186, Mif 

P. O. Box 787, Shenandoah, Iowa 

Wright's Bookkeeping SimfpKfted— A Key to Double Entry 

Nearly 200 pages, brimful and overflowing w 
s a full set of books, conducted through two 
New York business method of opening, keeping, 
le^, net capital, etc. Not one huokkeepvr in 1 
ly. This book illustrates approvi 

000 n-liO A»ii 
methods, assuring succ 
able— methods that kept the author's services in demand by larj 
hence methods worth knowing. The experienced bookkeeper v 
guided judgment by reading this book sui rosa if no 

ightning methods and short roa 
nihs' business-like and scientific 
ng books, exhibiting gain c 

ss where failure would otherwise be inevit- 
* houses at a i,'ood salary for sixteen years, 
TO thinks he knows i[ all should disabuse 
boldly, and learn much to him before un- 

lable him to do t 
full of important infori 
school of bookkeeping 


I floor to roof — index 

vhieh he has long 

11 find it a storehouse 
The legendary song of the old 
honored in the breach than the 
Don be as echoless as footfalls 
a new school lullaby, as it were. 

ail, postpaid. A 24-p,ige De- 

by leading pa[ 
issued from the press. Handsomely hound 'in rLOTH, J2.00. 
scriptive Circular free. Liberal discount lo Agents. Newsdealers ana scnoois. 

P. A. WRIGHT, Author and Publisher, 769 BROADWAY. N. Y. 

The New York Sdcniifu Times h, 

"One of the Most Usefiil Accomplish> 
command is the art of short-hand writing. 
IN Life, and those who are thorough masters of it can Always Command Large Salaries in 
one capacity or another." 

SYSTEMS of Short-Hand are numerous, and all have advocates and followers, but 
the ECLECTIC— on Bccouut of its great simplicity and brevity— la now almost univer- 
sally regarded as superior to all others. 

THE OHIO BUSINESS UNIVERSITY, among other modern advantages, has a 
complete department of ECLECTIC SHORT-HAXD, and is fully prepared to impart 
the best of training in this useful and practical branch of a commercial course. 

All who are in any manner interested in Short-Hand, Type-Writing, Plain and 
Ornamental Penmanship or Business Education are invited to write for a free copy of 
The University Exponent, a journal devoted to Practical Education and containing 
attractive specimens of Pen Art. Mention Hkrald, and address, 
IF". ID. <3-OieSI-.I3>TE, 

President Ohio Business University, 


CARD3~Goodquallty(for short time only 
15 cents pflT dozen; 25 for onljr '2& cents. 


PRICES— SxlO, 29 cents, or 2 for 30 cents. 
Larger, prices 25, 50, 75c., and $1.00. 

EngEOSsing and display work of every de- 
scription to suit customers, I make a spe- 
cialty of this kind of work. My work i 
ftrst-elass, and prices reasonable. 


Two dozen, 45c. bpeci 
for 35c. Address, 

J. F. FISH. Cleveland, Ohio 

60 in HI ere iai 


ook-keeping, Penmanship' 
[ Short-Hand. Type Writing. Nor- 
l Studies and Automatic Letter- 

Thoroughly Taught 


Business College 



OMique poIdBr. 

Send tor Price List of Michael's 
Compendium. Copy t!ooks of Rap- 
id Writing. Practice Paper. Black 
Ink. French Pens and Obhque 
Holders. The very best arliclesfor 
Writing Schools and Public 




*"Pen ^Strokes"* 


All who order the " GUIDE " 
within 30 days will receive a copy 

of "Pen Strokes" free. 



Guide "Peniiiaiisliip 

Price of "Guide," 25c.: "Pen Strokes." 
15c.; "Chirographic Editors." 10c. ; Prize 
Specimens. 10c. : Ornamental Specimens from 
the pen, 25c. When all are ordered at once. 

515 East State Street. 

Yol. I. 


No. 5. 


Professor Frank D. Gorsline, whose 
portrait and autograph are here presented, 
is one of the most successful of the 
younger members of the Fraternity Edu- 
cational and Penmanislic. While having 
entered the business college work within 
thtr past three years, he has built up a 
school which justly ranks among the 
foremost in our country. 

Professor Gorsline is a gentleman of 
about one hundred and twenty seasons in 
the matter of age ; the foundation of his 
penmanship and business knowledge was 
laid through a course of instruction in the 
Grand River Institute, Austinburg, O., 
the penman of the school being Professor 
M. L. Hubbard, one of the early teachers 
of Professor U. McKee, Oberlin. Not a 
few of his days and nights have been 
whiled away in the uncertain ways of the 
itinerant teacher of writing, his experience 
in this field having been productive of 
much good, financially and otherwise. 

His success in the management of the 
Ohio Business University is not surpris- 
ing, as he thoroughly merits it all. Being 
of an enterprising nature, observant and 
ambitious, he has utilized every available 
means for improving his institution, until 
its every appointment and facility is on a 
par with the finest schools of its kind. 
Havmg gathered about him a faculty of 
marked proficiency and adaptability to the 
work— all of whom are e.xcellent penmen 
—his future jjrosperity will be a matter of 

By marriage he is connected with some 
of the best families of the "Forest City," 
and in the conduct of his instirution he is 
greatly aided by his estimable lady, whose 
musical and other talents are remarkable. 

It is safe to predict that in the next 
decade of business college history few 
names will play a more conspicuous part 
than his, 





An essential element in " teaching 
power " is the ability to not only detect 
defects in the pupil's work, but also to de- 
termine the direct cause of such defects. 

I am convinced that errors in the writ- 
ing of careful pupils are results of two 
causes — causes that more widely differ 
from each other than the remedies usually 
applied in correcting them. 

It is not the design of this article to 
attempt to classify errors, and separate 

s from 1 

itings suited to the diffen 

business and profcssioi 

uld, doubtless, 

to what shot 

o the learner, 

Such an attempt w 
much discussion a 
the greatest good 
prominence under 
what I desire is 
actively engaged i 
penetrate the erroi 

iven conditions. But j 

) urge those who are , 

teaching to seek to | 

they deem imporiani ' 

m the as the arm and hand obey the will ; bu 
ent call- 1 on the other hand, the form produced, if 
nal life. | not an exact counterpart of the mind- 
, lead to picture (which every penman knows to 
lid, with 1 hi-i sorrow will rarely be the case), tends 
, receive i to change that mental picture through the 

to the other 
■ place, 
"his principle 

an adjustment of th( 
mmediately begins tc 


nd dis 


irk do 



to correct 

This feature of school room i 
not always receive due consider 
The errors of the first class 
we desire to refer are somelir 
mechanical, because their prod 
become purely mechanical by 
repetition, being results of causes of im 
perfect impressions upon the mind. Per 
haps I should say results and causes, foi 
I doubt if a defect in the mind picture car 
be attributed wholly to an original mis 
conception of form. If there was ar 
original faulty impression upon the mine 
there would certainly follow a defect ir 
the execution corresponding with the de 
feet in the mind-picture iti 

home to us with considerable force when 
we enter our homes and find that certain 
changes have been made in the arrange- 
ment of the parlor furniture. Although 
the refined taste and critical eye of the 
ruling spirit of the house may have 
wrought decided improvements and pro- 
duced most pleasing results, yet things 
seem to be out of place. There does not 
seem to be that harmony and accord in 
relation of object to object that formerly 
existed. The picture does not immedi- 
ately fit our minds. (No allusion to those 
good fellows who condemn graceful and 
systematic forms) ; but the adju;:ting pro- 
cess is commenced with the first glance, 
and as time passes on our mental picture 

of the parlor takes 

the form of the new 

arrangement, and 

what seemed out of 

place at first, seem 

now — under the per- 

feet accord of me 

ntal and external pic- 

tures— to be the 

most harmonious ar- 

rangement that co 

uld possibly be made. 

The same is true v 

vhh respect to nearly 

every object of daily : 
the tumbledown buildings of a village do 
not present the same incongruous appear- 
ance to those who see them daily as they 
do to the stranger passing by. Why, 
then, should we expect the same feelings 
of pleasure and delight to tingle through 
the sensoria of him who dashes off that 
unsystematic hand and of him who reads 
his productions? But this principle of 
the adjustment of the mind picture to the 
external object shows the importance of 
placing accurate forms before the pupil 
and keeping them there during his disci- 
plinary period, and of making him thor- 
oughly familiar with the forms and pro- 
portion of letters. 

The errors belonging to the second 
class are called muscular, because they 
are the results of the disobedience of cer- 
tain muscles of the arm and hand. These 
errors predominate in the productions of 
the unskilled pen, growing less and less 
as the hand is brought under the control 
of the writer, while the mechanical errors 
become more and more prominent, the 
two classes finding a cor 
the established hand of t 

In the process of tr 
needed for the correction of muscular 
errors is practice, with frequent reference 
to correct forms that the mind picture 
may remain unimpaired by the faulty pro- 
ductions that are continually appealing 
to the eye. Hut practice tor the cor- 
rection of a mechanical error should never 
be prescribed until the pupil's mental pic- 
ture of the form in question has been 
changed. Mechanical errors are not dis- 
covered by the pupil without the use of 
certain aids, such as well written copies or 
an application of the rules of measure- 
ment ; but he is conscious of muscular 
errors, unless they very closely coincide 
with his mind-picture, the moment they 
take visible forms. 

If the above is conceded by the reader, 
some of the advantages gained by being 
able to detect the true source of errors 
are at once apparent, (i) It enables the 
teacher to economize time. (2) Wher* 
discovering that an error is muscular he 
can give the pupil a word of encourage- 
ment that will incite him to renewed 
efforts to attain satisfactory results, in- 
stead of deepening the gloom of discour- 
agement that already overshadows him in 

center in 
' what is 



failures by 
, (3) When 

; that 

consequence of his 
an untimely c 
discovering tha 
chanical, he km 
the appeal should be made to 
the mind, and this must be 
done unless he would do his 
pupil positive harm. (4) It 
enables the teacher to have a 
definite aim every time he 
glances at a practice sheei, and 
to expand his energy in such 
channels as will be productive 
of the greatest possible good. 

(5; It elevates hin- 
sphere of a teacher; 
him to dignify his 
efficient labor. 

Let every teachi 
know the true sourc 
tionable errors in < 

to the true 
nd enables 
calling by 

seek to 
ource of objec- 
in each pupil's 
many cases, the effective- 
ss of that part of his labor which is de- 
nted to individual criticisms will be 
d tenfold. 


The subject of this sketch, Professor S. 
J. Pridgen, M. A., was born twelve miles 
southwest of Goldsboro, Wayne county, 
North Carolina, September 21, 1866. 

His parents were poor, energetic and 
hard-working people. Mr. Pridgen, the 
/atber of the subject of this sketch, was a 
farmer, and by the sweat of his brow man- 
aged to give his son a liberal education. 
Being the only child in the family, he gives 
his parents entire credit for what he knows 
and what he is. 

At the age of fourteen, young Pridgen 
was sent to the King's Mountain high 
school, one of the most popular military 

ments of analytical chemistry and advanced 
mathematics, had him appointed as an in- 
structor in mathematics. At the age of 
seventeen he was promoted to the office 
of second lieutenant in the corps of cadets 
after he became the regular 

on ther 
■ of pel 


of the 

the commercial 
i Mountain high 
s he filled with 


satisfaction to his employers and with 
credit to himself. In 1S85, after resign- 
ing his positions, he started for the "Gem 



s Commercial Colleor 

My Dear Shoivalter : — So you 
for a contribution to your columns 

ot afraid to thu 
citation to one ■ 
e quoted at a m 

sk me 
' Are 
recklessly extend 
i-hose literary abili- 

City Business College," Quincy, Illinois, least is languishin; 
of which Professor D. L. Musselman is ity ? I read youi 
principal, to complete an extended course Private Letter," ai 
in penmanship, etc. After having been est, yet sturdy w 
graduated with honor from the " Gem touched a respc 
City Business College," he was oflfered at '• As to the article 

n the mists of obscur- 
rticle, " Torn from a 
nd somehow, your mod- 
y of expressing yourself, 
isive chord within me. 
which drew it forth, we 

a greatly increased salary, the professor- 1 all know the writer too well to think for a 
ship of penmanship in the commercial de- i moment that he really meant anything 
partment of the King's Mountain high [unkind or depreciatory. However, I am 

But of course we have no 
more of this class than any 
other community or profession, 
presumably. (I add the last 
word because it sounds well, 
and renders the preceding state- 
ment less positive). Still, if we 
are to be represented in jour- 
nalism, and place our thoughts 
and ideas on record before the 
world, for the sake of our stand- 
ing, let us dress them in proper 
and presentable raiment. 

It has become a habit with 
some writers, no matter how 
serious or practical the subject, 
to exert themselves laboriously 
to introduce an element of 
humor ; and if we could recog- 
nize it as such, it would be, 

perhaps, acceptable, if not e.\- 

actly commendable ; but clean, relishable 
humor was never yet introduced through 
the medium of slang phrases and pirated 
witticisms, which, with their first usage, lost 
their brilliancy. 

Note the descriptive adjectives, abund- 
antly tinctured with metaphor ; the extrav- 
agant phraseology, better fitted for the 
columns of a sporting paper, than those of 
journals which are considered by the out- 
side community — whatever may be the 
private opinion of the profession — to be 
representative of the erudition of our call- 

I would not have my words construed 
in a sense that I desired to lower the 
standard of penmanship, or its occu- 
pancy in the columns of our papers. No ! 
In the language of the immortal Pierce, I 
exclaim, *' Long may it wave ! " but I 
would like to see the penmen repudi- 

The 0rigm.1l of the above is from I'lof. S. E. Barlow's pen. 

schools in the south. The first year \ 
devoted to classical and scientific studi 
and the second to commercial studies a 
artistic penmanship, under the direct 
of that accomplished penman 
ful teacher of penmanship, Professor R. S. 
Collins, now of Knoxville, Tennessee. 
On the thirtieth of May, 1882, he was 
graduated with high honors, to the degree 
of MasUr of Accounts. 

It was under the guidance of Professor 
Collins' master hand that he first caught 
the inspiration of the beautiful in penman- 

Not thinking his knowledge of classical 
and scientific studies adequate to his fu- 
ture needs, he returned to the King's 
Mountain high school, and resumed these 
studies with a diligence that merits high 
commendation. In fact, so faithful and 
diligent was he in his duties and studies, 
that Professor F. P. Matz. Ph. D., (for- 
merly of the Johns Hopkins University), 
who was then at the head of the depart- 

school. After having accepted this offer, 
he was soon engaged also as an assistant 
in the conimeicial department. After fil- 
ling these positions for some time, he was 
called ;io Gieely, Colorado, to a rather 
remunerative position, which he filled in 
an aoceptable manner, until he was called 
to a responsible and well-paying position 
in Moore s Business University in Atlanta 
Georgia, in which he is nc 
his accustomed efTe 
Specimens of his a 
been published in 
admired by all who 
personal acquaintam 
Pridgen, extending 
find it a pleasure, ar 
this brief sketch, a 

teaching with 

tistic pen-work have 
'arious journals and 
saw them. From a 
e with Professor S. J. 
aver many years, we 
j not a task to write 
. well as to predict 
r former student, in 
pecialty — Penmanship — which has 
been truly styled, -'The Queen of Arts." 

F. P, Matz, 
Charlotte, N. C, 
December 7, 18S7. 

straying into hay-lofts which may contain 
hornets' nests, so I'll refrain. 

Really though, Showalter, I think your 
ground extremely well taken, and presum- 
ably not difficult to defend, for surely all 
thinking members of our fraternity will 
endorse the sentiments you utter. It is 
unquestionably true that an alarming evil 
has grown up of late in our midst ; an evil 
which we cannot easily overestimate, 
since it springs up at the source of a 
stream which flows to us all. 

I refer to the ridiculously light turn 
which our penmanship literature has taken 
within the last two years. I am trying to 
guard against extravagant phrasing when 
I mention this evil, hence the term, " ri- 
diculously light turn." You hit the nail 
square on the head when you said," There 
are a great many penmen who sadly need 
the higher style of literature, and they will 
never procure it unless it can be obtained 
in connection with the journals of their 

ate the charge of illiteracy, and broaden 
the scope of their world. It would be 
rank treason for me to say that there ex- 
ists anything combining so many elements 

i full ol 


of the perfect and celestial, 

But dear Showalter, the world i 

good things. Why then expose 

to the charge of narrowness of id 

by reaching forth our hand we c 

that which, without detracting from the 

usefulness of our chosen profession, will 

make us full men. 

An article in a recent number of 
one of our representative papers, written 
in rather inelegant, but highly expressive 
language, would serve as a text for a 
sermon of illimitable length. Following 
the advent of a bright young quilldriver 
to the editorial chair of one of our 
Western journals, came a style ot literary 
presentment, that was not only entirely 
new and peculiar to the man himself, but 
highly entertaining and refreshing. 

This young editor had the rare faculty 


of presenting dry, but necessary physic, 
in so palatable and alluring a forn', that 
we actually smacked our lips and asked 
for more. 

That this new departure was relished, 
was evidenced by the result, which follows 
success in any line. The style became 
prevalent, or rather a sickly attempt nf 
the style. Monih after month it has been 
dinned into our ears, till at last it grows 
absolutely fulsome. 

Now, Showalter, if you consider it your 
duly to help rooi out this fungus, I 
should say from what I know of your 
capabilities, that you are the man. You 
will find it necessary, however, to direct 
your blows at the efect. The cause is 
pure and wholesome, but became pol- 
luted by intermingling elements. Does 
this seem ambiguous or paradoxical? 


The second meeting of the Western 
Penmen's Convention, held at Cedar 
Rapids during the holiday week of 1887, 
was an unprecedented success. Never in 
the history of our profession has there 
been so pleasant and profitable a gather- 
.ing of enthusiastic quill drivers. About 
ninety penmen were on hand, and unwill- 
ing to let the interest flag in the least. 
Every session was well attended, and the 
enthusiasm was still at its height at the 

A business meeting was called Monday 
night and started the ball. Everyone 
was on hand Tuesday morning for Pro- 
fessor I. W. Pierson's lesson on move- 

[See sketch on second page.] 

Speech and said she had gained a great 

Those who partook most freely in the 
general discourses were : C. H. Pierce, I. 
W. Pierson. W. J. Kinsley, J. Ti. Duryea, 
A. E. Parsons, C N. Crandle, F. J. 
Toland. C. C. Curtiss, B. C. Wood. A. N. 
Palmer, and G. R. Ralhbun. 

The next meeting will be held at Dav- 
enport, la., and no penman can afford to 
stay away. A. Member. 

Mr. J. R. McFarren advertises a pen- 
picture in this issue which will prove an 
interesting study to the art-loving pen- 

J. G. Anderson manufactures poetry to 
order, and he does it with no faint touch 
of genius. Try one of his acrostics. 

;ry skillful fl 

■e i^ reproduced from the pen and ink copy of Miss Anna Ninlin, and may be prot'Uably pr; 
We regret that the instructions to accompany it have been delayed. 

Of course, your contemporaries cannot ! 
presume to dictate as to the style and 1 
phraseology of their contributors or ad- 
vertisers, more particularly the latter, 
who pay for the privilege; but by putting' 
our shoulders to the wheel, all together, 
we can, and will crush an evil, as yet 
in its incipiency. 

Hoping you will treat this somewhat 
lengthy dissertation with patience, I re- 

Yours for reform, 

James W. Harkins. 

The reliable advertiser, P. A. Wright, 
whose latest work on accounts is de- 
scribed on the last page of this issue, seems 
to be in earnest in his efforts to inculcate 
in text books reai dusituss kmnvUdge and 
methods. No book-keeper, student or 
teacher should be without his new work. 

ment exercises. Professor Pierson, in his 
usual manner, fired the interest into every- 
one present. A lively discussion fol- 
lowed. Ntxt came a drill to beginners in 
a business college by J, B. Dur>ea. This 
was followed by an interesting discussion, 
and so followed the entire programme. 

The following penmen gave drills or 
lessons — the convention acting in the ca- 
pacity of students: I. W. Pierson of 
Burlington, la. ; J. B. Duryea of Des 
Moines, la. ; A. N. Palmer of Cedar 
Rapids, la. ; G. R. Rathbun of Omaha, 
Neb. ; B. C. Wood of Davenport, la. ; 
C. C. Curtiss of Minneapolis, Minn. ; A. 
E. Parsons of Wilton, la. ; C. J. Connor 
of Storm Lake, la. ; C. H. Pierce of Keo- 
kuk, la. ; W. H. Whigam of Cedar Rap- 
ids, la. ; O. O. Runkle of Marshalltown, 
la. ; F. J. Toland of Canton, 111. ; C. Bay- 
less of Dubuque, la.; W. J. Kinsley of 

Shenandoah, la. ; G. W. Brown of Jack- 
sonville, 111. ; D. W. Hoffof Des Moines, 
la. ; E. H. Robins of Jacksonville, III. ; 
C, N. Crandle of Dixon, 111., and others. 

The discussion that followed each les- 
son was animated and full of interest and 

The entertainment on Friday evening 
was exceptionally fine, thanks to Professor 
Palmer's efforts. Professor Chapman 
merited the praise of everyone. His re- 
sponse to the address of welcome was 
received with cheers. His presidency 
was perfect ; in fact, he kept the work in 
such a vein that not a minute was lost in 
idle rangling. 

E. E. Stevens of Waseon, Ohio, made 
a rousing speech and said that he came 
there to attend the convention and in- 
tended to come again next year. Mrs. 
Ellis of Little Sioux, la., made a cheering 

A penman ought to have a library ; and 
in that library there ought to be found all 
publications and works pertaining, in any 
manner, to the work in which he is en 
gaged. To particularize, we would urge 
all who would possess a work on penman- 
ship of conspicuous merit to add to their 
list of earthly goods at once, " A Series of 
Lessons in Plain Writing." 

Oblique holders are indispensable to the 
penman ; and the firm of Holcomb & 
Company, to whose card we call attention, 
are the leading manufacturers of this tine 
of goods in the country. 

The Ohio Business University is enjoy- 
ing unprecedented growth. It will pay 
young men in search of thorough business 
training to turn their faces towards this 
thriving educational workshop. 


Zbe pen^Hct Ibevalb 

A Monthly Journal of Penm 
Subscription price. Sixty cen 

Do not send slamps M 

per year. Singl* 
on page 7-n 

Ja. 3 months. $5. 

) 10. Fifty-five cents each. 

) 25. Fifty cents each. 

> 50. Rales made known on appli 

lose rates include the ■■Alphabets" 

We desire to engage 
dent or teacher — in evei 
live .School in the land, 
and to solicit subscriptio 

reliable person — a slu- 
siness or other kind of 

as our representative, 
d advertisements for the 

Office of Publication, 562 


Entered at the Post Office, at Clevt 

Has the Herald any issue to tiiscuss? 
any hobby to worry to de.ith ? Michael's 
issue is Rapid Writing ; Palmer's, mus- 
cular movement. Some anxious brethren 
are inquiring the nature of the Her,\li»'s 
pet theories. We have none. The mis- 
sion upon which we have started is to 
inake our brother toilers stop and ////>;/■ 
ti/wi/ the things coiniected with their work. 
The impression that penmanship is a nar- 
row theme, and that new thought upon 
Ihis branch is impossible, has become 
alarmingly prevalent. To assist in giving 
the profession, in which we have spent 
our days thus far, a literature of its imm, 
is our primary object. Our penmanship 
periodicals — all of them— are excellent in 
their way. They reflect the choicest gems 
of pen-art from their picture-like pages. 
And yet it cannot be denied that ihe jour- 
nalistic portions of some of ihemare secon- 
dary. School interests and other matters 
dividing the thought and attention of the 
editors of such papers, it cannot be expect- 
ed that the editorial thought will be of the 
brightest. And it will scarcely be denied, 
either, that a journal is a dry affair with, 
out brightness of thought, intensity and 
force characterize its editorial and con- 
tributed contents. How well we have 
succeeded in clothing substantial thought 
in presentable word raiment — in dressing I 
ideas in a garb suitable for intellect 
society— must be determined by those 
whose interests we arc working. It v 
suffice for us to say that the task is ji 
commenced, and that we feel that our 
efforts have been, as yet, but feeble and, 
perhaps, inefl"ectual. But in the future 
we hope to better illustrate our mission 
and our objects. Let it be remembered 
that in attempting to present original and 
suggestive forms of expression we do so 
for the sake of the thought embodied— 
not alone for the pleasure ot linking to- 
gether strange and odd-sounding phrases. 
In the articles and editorials which we 
shall present, there will be found fully as 
much of substantial thought and ideas as 
though we made no attempt to heighten 
their effect by using as good grammar 
and rhetoric as we have at command. 

Gaskell's Magazine is about the leading 
paper of its class — if we are to trust our 
own judgment in the matter, strengthened 
by like expressions from competent critics. 
Scarborough is growing brighter and wit- 
tier since dividing himself. 

Professor S. J. Pridgen suggests that it 1 practical ideas and methods with those 
would be advisable and proper to classify I such representative artists and workers 
the small letter ,/ with the loop letters. ■ Pierson of Burlington, Putnam of M 
It has long seemed to us that in systema- 1 neapolis, Stevens of Wauseon, Palmer 
tizing and simplifying the letters of the al- 1 Cedar Rapids, Duryea of Des Moines, 

phabet, it would be as well to merge the 
semi-extended group into the extended 
loop group, or to effect some sort of 
compromise between them. While this is 
but a small point, it will repay thought, 
and we hope that the live teachers will 

Behrensmeyer of Quincy, Peirce of Keo- 
kuk, Wood of Davenport, Curl 
Minneapolis, Hargis of Grand Island, 
Ralhbun of Omaha, Chapman of Des 
Moines and 'Poland of Canton. The e: 
trenie cities represented were — east, Wa 

being skilfully blended by the hand of one 
to whom all forms of expression— all qual- 
ities of mind— all shades ot thought— all 
sentiments and emotions— all substances 
and shadows— are but subjects of his 


nception, servants of his 


lations of sublime things and 
material things must be so well de- 
fined in his mind that there is no danger 
of unhappily applying illustrations or of 
failing 10 appropriately employ figures of 

Flaming an idea in a human mind that 
its development may tend to render the 
duties of life easier, drilling a hand to per- 
form the duties which await it wiih skill and 
facility ; guiding, directing, assisting, cul- 
tivating, encouraging— these enter into the 
life of the teacher. But where is the fruit.' 
Where shall we look for the results .' The 
boy for whose welfare the tired teacher 
labors so hard, enters the channels of bus- 
iness activity, and his old school days re- 


broken memory. 'Phe 

iraining received at the hands of the 
teacher is moulded into money-making 
power by contact with realities instead of 
rules, but if a grateful memory of the 
teacher remains, he is rarely made aware 
of it. Po work without results is the most 
discouraging lot in life, and in no other 
line of labor are Ihe results so obscure as 
in teaching. But the teacher must remem- 
ber that everything bears fruit ; we can do 
nothing without effecting something. The 
results may not be material ; the effects 
may be hidden ; but we can assure our- 
selves that they exist, that they are known 
to someone. 

hear of the success 

of Western Pen 

that it was by all odds 

From all side: 
of the recent Coi 
men. Many afh 
the most succt 

profilable meeting the profession has ever 
held. There could be no betler indica- 
tion of the increasing importance of our 
calling and the general recognition it is 
commanding, than the unparalleled suc- 
cess of the third independent meeting of 
a penman's association in America. The 
daily press of Cedar Rapids contains de- 
tailed reports of the proceedings of the 
body i and among those present at its 
sessions we recognize the names of some 
of the most prominent professionals in ihe 
country : Professor Bayless, the sturdy 
and hard working schoolmaster of Du- 
bui^ue, in company with a member of his 
faculty, Professor French, smiled upon his 
co-workers at the Rapids ; Kinsley left 
the class-room for a week to mingle his 

Kansas City. For the coming year Pi 
fessor C. C. Curtiss has been elected 
president ; C. H. Peirce, vice-presideni 
A. N. Palmer, secretary ; D. W. Hoff, 
assistant secretary, and G. R. Rathbi 

There is something pathetic in the 
forts of most young writers to use a s 
of sublimity in every expression. The 
stinct of beauty is so strongly inherent 
most amateur press contributors that th 
compositions — to others — possess a sort of 
uncertainty and lack of solidity, which 
renders the meaning difficult to compass. 
In nothing is it easier to fail than in try- 
ing to assume a poetical, imaginative style 
of composition. It is difficult to stand 
amid the hard stones of actualities and 
hold them up to others clothed in a sun- 
beam or decked with flowers. Such widely 
different substances are only capable of 

There are but few young ladies whose 
kill in the different branches of penman, 
hip equals that of ihe subject of our illus- 
tration. In page writing her work shows, 
probably, to ils greatest advantage; and 
yet she is an excellent general artist, as her 
specimen of flourishing on this page will 
fully attest. 

Miss r^osure is a young lady of educa- 
tion and refinement. While her educa- 
tional advantages have been limited, 
principally, to the public schools of her 
native town of Wauseon, Ohio, she has, 
by home study and labor, acquired a 
broader and more varied culture and 
knowledge than is afforded through those 

Being a very poor writer, she deter- 
mined to improve in this as well as in other 
directions, and in order to accomplish 
this, she entered, in the fall of 1886, the 
Pen-Art Hall, Wauseon, of which Profes- 
sor E. E. -Stevens, well known in penman- 
ship circles, is principal. Her improve- 
ment in writing was remarkable ; she 
became fascinated with the work, and de- 
voted her whole energies to the acquire- 
ment of skill. After graduating she went 
to Morenci, Michigan, where she organized 
and taught a class in penmanship, her 
success being marked and encouraging. 
Upon the completion of her term al Ihis 
place she accepted a position as assistant 
teacher of our Art in Ihe school from which 
she had graduated, where she still labors. 
In the school-room she is energetic, enthu- 
siastic and pleasant, possessing the confi- 
dence and esteem of all with whoni she 
comes in contact. 

Miss Losure is a worthy example of a 
uccessful lady teacher of penmanship, 
nd the fact that she finds our profession 
congenial and profitable should induce 
sof others to enter it. 





In preparing this lesson I have endeav- 
ored to present my methods of leaching 
writing in such a light that the suggestions 
offered herein will lend some new inspira- 
tion to all aspiring young penmen who 
read the Pen-Art Hekald, and to the 
teachers of penmanship who have not rid 
den their pel hobbies so long but that 
they can stop for a moment and consider 
the views of others and feel that they 
have been benefited. Vet to the teacher 
who has been a careful reader of the pen- 
men's papers, it seems to be a task not 
easily performed, to present anything new 
from those theories that have been advo- 
cated, time and again, by the leading 
" lights " in our profession. 

That there has been an improvement 
in the art of teaching writing in the past 
few years is unquestioned. That I may 
be confirmed in saying this, I will rete 
you to the vast number of my brothe 
penmen who are advocating strictly pur. 
muscular movement. There are youn] 
men to-day, scattered all over our coun 
try, who are writing a rapid and beautiful 
hand. Why is this so? Because they 
have received proper instruction in move 
ment. Not many years ago I was teach 
ing in a business college where the head 
of that institution had the reputation ot 
being one of the best teachers of pen 
manship in the land. That he got fair 
results from his teaching I know, but I 
believe he might have gotten far bettei 
if he would have explained to his class 
what is meant by muscular movement 
once or twice a week instead of once 

In this age of advancement and Vast ii 
provement, is it not time for a revolution 
in the art of teaching writing to 
growing demands of business 
tainly there are hundreds of old 
yet in the field who will stick to 
advocate " whole-arm movement. " Not 
because they think it is the best method 
to gain practical results, but for policy' 
sake. They have used " whole-arr 
movement "all their lives, and for thet 
to reform now is no easy thing. 

There are teachers of penmanship i 
business colleges whose writing goes 
through the mails day after day and 
held up as a model of practical business 
writing, but if the same style were taught 
to their pupils after the fashion it was t 
ecuted, it would be nothing more n 
less than saying to their class, " Here 
you have just as much time as you wi 
in writing this copy ; it matters not wh 
movement you use or how many tim 
you raise the pen so that you make ll 
letter exact." 

Remember the old adage, "Practice 
what you preach." If teachers use one 
style of writing and recommend another, 
they certainly lack the requisites neces- 
sary for successful instructors. 

We have a method by which all the 
letters in the alphabet can be made ac- 
curately, with forms as good as there are 
in the Spencerian System, without raising 
the pen or moving the fingers or lifting 
the arm from the desk. This movement 
is the muscular movement, and no other 
for practical purposes should be taught or 

For the sake of those who may not be 
thoroughly familiar with the muscular 
movement, I will here describe it in the 

same words that I employ daily in explain- 
ing it to my classes. It calls for two 
rests, one for the forearm and one for the 
hand. The arm rests on the desk, on 
the muscle, just forward of the elbow, 
which forms a cushion and gives play to 

may be practiced to better advantage like 
the copies here given. 

The small letters should be taken up 
for practice according to their simplicity; 
of these, the small i> is the easiest, and is 
a good letter wiih which to get the stu- 

the hand. The hand i 

way li 

;he tips of 
lils of the third and fourth fingers 
the tip of the little finger— either 
good. Now when you practice, 
the muscle forward of the elbow 
control, letting the tips of the 

dent started 
the correct 
writing this copy. 

track in using 
i spacing. 
r to keep your 

letter and write from one hun 
one hundred and twenty pei 


-(f_^^/ /r'v~r' r- - 




'f^ tj)r'''' 


<2/Ci7<> <j^-^ 


3^^A(£^\e'^ j 



Prof. B. H. Spencer of Albany, N. Y., 

1 his less 


: the copy for the above e 

fingers slide on the paper in the direction 
of the pen point. The copies given in 
this lesson should be practiced with this 
movement. I think it best for beginners 
to practice the capitals singly without 
being connected, but after a free move- ' 

minute. It is also a good plan to have 
your class write crosswise, with the paper 
reversed. They will learn, in this way, 
to write straight across a page of unruled 

While you should constantly insist upon 

position, there is one thing else of just 
as much importance, and that is form. 
While you are acquiring movement you 
are gaining a knowledge of the form of 
letters, so that movement and form must 
go together. 

Don't continually harp on absolute ac- 
curacy and hairbreath analysis. This 
will tend lo influence the student in using 
a cramped finger movement, and writhe 
and twist around like a contortionist. Insist 
upon neatness and every attempt to better 
the previous letter, and you will have your 
class making rapid strides. 

Short word copies are the best. Short 
sentences may also be used. 

To be a successful teacher it is neces- 
sary to execute well, be full of enthusiasm 
and dead in earnest. 



exceeding great regret and an- 
he Herald is about a week late 
this month. We aim to get out about the 
twentieth of the month of issue ; but the 
larger part of our cuts were injured this 
month, compelling us to have the work 
duplicated — which has caused the delay. 
Those of our constituents who have had 
experience in procuring engravings can 
understand that delays are sometimes un- 
avoidable. The following from our en- 
graver will explain the matter : 

Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19, 1888. 

Esteemed Friend : — I know you will 

delay on the pen-work you sent 

iVe met with an acci- 

to do this entire work 

'cr again. We hope 

next week. It was 

nd not carelessness. 

the more we endeavor 

to do for our friends the more obstacles. 

Truly yours, 

J. W. Cauohev. 

pardon c 

us some days ago. 
dent that compels u; 
(save the portrait) o 
to have it for you 
purely an accident 
It seems sometin 

ment is acquired and sufficient skill, they proper movement and an easy, graceful 


Are you pleased with the Heralu, my 
brother? Do you regard it as a valuable 
help in the work of the office or school- 
room? If you are convinced that it de- 
serves your patronage, why not extend it 
at once ? Can you not do something for 
the prosperity of the paper? Would not a 
little effort on your part secure a few extra 
subscribers ? Suppose youjlook around and 
see if you can find a friend or pupil who 
would profit by its visits. May we not rely 
upon your cooperation ? We hope to hear 
from all of our professional friends during 
the next month. 


Desiring to futher extend our rapidly in- 
creasing school circulation, we will give to 
each school sending us within the next 
thirty days a club of twenty-five subscrib- 
ers — at special club rates— three inches of 
single column advertising space in any is- 
sue desired. This offer is made to double 
our subscription list within a month. 
If you feel Uke taking advantage of it, 
please write us at once for special club 



On Monday evening, January 2^^ at the 
residence of the bride's uncle, Mr. Frank 
Sealand, 152 Dare street, Cleveland, Ohio, 
by the Rev. Dr. Robinson, pastor of the 
Franklin Avenue M. E. Church, W. D. 
Showalter, editor of this journal, and Miss 
Frankie M. Craine were united in mar- 


It is generally believed that the Heralu 
is fully worth all we charge for it ; yet we 
are willing to make it doubly so, in order 
that there may be no doubt in the minds 
of those interested a^ lo ihe wisdom of 
subscribinii for it. Our prciuiuinsare giving 
excellent satisfaction, and it would be hard 
to find more valuable or taking publica 
lions for that purpose. We still offer the 
'Series of Lessons in Plain Writing ' ami a 
year's subscription to the Herald for one 
dollar — currency or postal note. For 
seventy-five cents we will send iheHicRALD 
a year and /f«^"Kibbe's Alphabets" the 
best aids to artistic penmanship. With- 
out premium, sixty cents per yedr. If the 
Herald meets with your favor we hope to 
receive your subscription ai once. How 
are you pleased with this number? 

Pen Art Herald. 
Cleveland, O. 

To the person sending us the largest 
club of subscribers before February 15, 
1888, we will give five complimentary 
yearly subscriptions to the Herald, send- 
ing it to any of their friends whom they 
may designate, also allowing them the reg- 
ular club discount. Stir up your classes, 
leachers, and send us a good list of names 
before that date. 

M. P. Honham, Hope. Indiana, s 
former pupil of Professor Fielding Scho 
field, does very handsome work in flour- 
ishing, and the same may be said of an- 
other of the profes-^ot's talented boys, W. 
U. Mortland of Quincy, Illinois. 

Professor S. E. Bai 
being widely admired 
in writing and flourishing 

kv's penmanship is 
He has few equals 

Headquarters for Patent Oblique Pen-Holders. 

Manufactured only by Holcomb & Co. 

■nly Hoi-uRR ihat b. 

The above Insli 
doctrine of progress in educational i 
acts upon that belief. When a 
is brought into use by t" 

;thod or idea 
imunity it is 

or idea into Us course ol iniining. we 
otyped methods; we imparl no musty 
;d theories, but are ever on the alert to 
Ih the rapidly advancing times in which 

vited t< 

te of rooms, furnished wii 
I is known to the busine 
and pleasantly located : 

lower than those of ot 
)arding a 


Manufiicturere, Publishers & Booksellers, 


President, Proprietor and Founder ot the Euclid Avenue Business College 
and School of Short-hand, Mechanical Drawing, Elocution and Music. 

The establishment of this institution will supply a long felt want to the peo- 
ple of Northern Ohio. Its special aims will be to prepare young men and 
women in the best manner, in the shortest time, and at the least expense for the 
profitable fields of active industry. 

The college is located in the very center of the great business community of 
Cleveland, on the beautiful and world renowned Euclid Avenue. The college 
halls are carpeted throughout, heated with steam and lighted with both elec- 
tricity and gas. 

This is the most elegantly furnished and equipped Business College in the 

Young Men, who are about to attend a business college, don't patronize an 
institution which is living on the reputation of men who are in no way connected 
with it. Patronize a reliable institution. The Euclid Avenue Business College 
has deposited a large sum of money with the Euclid Avenue National Bank, 
also with the Citizens' Saving and Loan Association of Cleveland, which will 
be security for students buying I-ife Scholarships. The Forest City Business 
College has been purchased by M. J. Caton and consolidated with this school. 

For one of the most elegant circulars ever published address, 

88, 90 and 92 Euclid Avenue, 
. . ^ Cleveland, Ohio. 

ake pleasure in looking after the we 
r placed under our care. Our school i 
ly an earnest and intelligent class t 

Our penmanship department is presided ov 

thorough master of his calling. > 
training a specialty. Write for tJNi\ 


ning further particuUirs and specii 
penmanship. Address 



562 Pearl St., Cleveland, O. 

For 7c per line the undersigned will furnish you 
an Elegantly 
Acrostic of your name. A complete Monogram 
of the 26 capital letters will be sent as a premii 
with each order, All work warranted to plea 
Stamps received, Address, 


One of your Acrostics written on a friend's nai 


he best 
ght hin 


an a J5.0 

be given him. Il wil 
book or a gold head- 


. 0. 


CARDS— Gootl quality (for short time only 
15 cents per dozen ; '25 for only 25 cents. 

PRLCES— SsIO, 29 cents, or 2 for 30 cents 
Larger, prices 25, .'(0, rSc, and if] .00. 


Engrossing and display work of every de- 
scription to sitit ctistoraerp. I make a spe- 
cialty of this kind of work. My work h 
first-class, and prices reasonable. 



Everybody should sem 
FARREN, 357, Gainas\ 
1 mail a copy of t 


M. J. CATON, President and Founder. 



Original in design and striking, bold and graceful 
1 execution, will be sent this month for loc. With 
ach of the first ten orders, when an extra stamp is 
enclosed, a beautifully written letter will be sent free 
of charge. 

All kinds of pen-work promptly and artistically 
:ecuied. Instruction given by mail. Cards written 
superior style. Let me hear from you. 

Pen Art Herald Office, 


ing or Flourishing, $2.oo. One lesson every week. 
1- students every mail. Test order, all kinds of 
k, 25c. 4 designs flourishing, size 10x12, in India 
■50c. The ist and every 5th one sending an order 
receive an elegant India ink design, size 18x20. 
kinds of work." Successful ones wil) be published 

C. m. JOHBS' 


i^utomatic penigan^jip- 

This is no experiment. Success is certain t© 
every one taking lessons who is willingto work. 

No student has failed yet, and I have had 

To nw knowledge, no one else teaches Auto- 

The course is systematically arranged as far 
as is possible, but the lessons must be varied 
in every case to suit the particular needs of each 

This is one of the moat beautiful kinds of pen 
work and is within the reach of everyone cer- 
tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after sir les- 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

12 Lessons 53 q^^ 

J4 l.e-'sons 5 00 

Alphabets, each j^ 

1 Handsome Motto, size 7x2(1 lettered and 

1 Automatic Shading Pen.. .. ..,!/! 25 

5 Autoraalic8hadii)g(a8}'orted) j 00 

5 assorted powders for making ink for same '>'> 

12 Ornamented designs i JJ 

Cards, per doz 3Q, 



Jones is one of the very tinest Automatic pen 

Til, Weilcn Penman. 
The art of lettering witli an antomatic pen 
has been reduced to a fine pointbvC. E, Jones. 
Principal of the Business Department of the 
Tabor. Iowa College. That he has also the fac- 
ulty of imaprting skill to others fs attested by 
numerous specimens of the work of his stu- 
dents, which we have been permitted to see 
The Piaman', Art Journal. 
Speciniensof automatic peu-letteriUEreceived 
from Mr. Jones are the finest we have ever 

Ed. Pen Aht Herai d 


Go 111 HI ere iai 


■pi n g, I^enmanship* 

Thoroug^hly Taught 



Business College 



OMiqne poldei'. 

Sold »t hII Book Stores. 

Send (or Price List of Michael's 
Compendium. Copy Books of Rap- 
id Writing, Practice Paper, Blacli 
Ink, French Pens and ObliquC 
Holders. The very best articles foi 
Writing Schools and Publie 




2 Specimens of Floi 
6 different combinatio 
and 2alphat>ets v 

irds, 3 flourished card 







By H. J. Putnam and W. J. Kinsley. 


The copies arc cleganlly engraved on copper, print- 
ed from stone on the finest kind of vrry heavy plate 
paper. AUcopies new;norehash. There are two parts 

Part I cont;tins seventeen slips. These sMps are 
not bound and are all ilevoicd to plain writing, 
Every necess.iry copy is given. 

Pan 2 is ihe " Instruction Book " to accompany 
the slips. This is the 

in conne 

clion with a work of this kind 

It con 

ains chaplers 

n "Materials, 

" Position " 

Its), ■■ Form," 

■ Movement, s 

nd " CJeneral 

twenty lessons mapped out. 


ips and " Inst 
and subslanti 

ruction Book " 
1 case. 

are enclosed 


Wm. B I•^^ 

rr''--." I-r.-'d 

-nl Alabama 

into ihi 

ly, Manr,,, \ 

^.lingly well 
'■ introduced 

0. P. 1.1 I , 1 

1, \' , li, 1. 1 \t 

Female Institute ;— ( h 

iVL- given It a c 



mental enough 

highly pleased 
to be be;iuliful 
rnpidly made, 

'I he copies 
and yet plain 
mandsof the 


titr than anv 

indrecunm.. . 

i^.a use your 


'g'iveT'^ L.ii.'- 

00), A liberal 

on writi 

tig, send, for a 

copy ol Uie " Lessons' and 



FIFTY CliNTS. Stamps n 

t taken. 


ss either of the 

places named 

below that is 

nearer t 

o you, 



P. 0. Box 787, Shenan 

DOAH, Iowa. 

P. O. Box r86. MiN-N 


'/^^M^ ^-^ 

^°8 supe^,^^ 3^, gl.l¥lLAEiP, <9, 

is Dead. 



GDIVi CrO Pfes. American Ppn A 
. DIAI-Cr\, and Fine Art Scho 



In answering this advertisement please 
■do not forget to enclose a postal note for 
fifty cents ami state clearly the num'bei'o*'' 
the specimen you desire. 

1st. — Scrap hook specimen, embracing 
flourishing, writing and lettering. 

2d. — Flonrished bird on nest. 

3rd. — Flourished swan with scroll work 

4th.— Set of capitals with elaborate head- 

5th. — A design nourished in imitation of 
any copy you may send. AVill send a per- 
sonal letter with each order for any one of 
the above designs. 






All wlio order the "GUIDE" 
within 30 days will receive a copy 

of "Pen Strokes" free. 



Guide ^PeDiiianstiip 

With nnnv !slin<i nn n Mau, Pl.n ^ 

With Copy Slips on 

New Plan. 

Pen Str. 

Trice of "Guide." 25c.; 
15c.; "Chirographic Editi 
Specimens, 10c. ; Ornamental Speeini 
the pen, 25c. When all are ordered 


East Stale Str. 

W ill be senl on receipt of. $ .30 

A specimen letter. 10 you personally 30 

A dozen citrds 30 

A lesson in flourishing 50 

A price-list of my work oa 

All of the above. 1.40 


C. R ZANIlR. CoUimbus, Ohio. 

The Automatic Shading Pen* 

Five more Plates of Kibbe's Alphabets 

No. 23. RAPID GKRM.\N TEXT. Made with a broad poinfpd pen, prnceful and 
easy to execute. The best letter known for'en^os>.inK names on diplomas, cards, Ac. 

No. 24. ROUNDED GOTHIC. A white faced letter, with dark background and 
flowers. Elaborate and suited to costly engrossing. Two styles of finish shown. 

No. 25. ARTISTIC RUSTIC. Easy to execute, rapid, and the nioPt artistic efl'ect 
in rustic lettering yet produced. Money returned to anyone who will say that this plate 
is not worth the price of the five. 

No. 2G, CAMEO. For neatness and artistic effect, combined with ease and rapidity 
of execution, this alphabet leads the world. Count this egotistic if you like after having 
examined the letters. 

No. 27. SCROLT.ING LETTERS. Two styles of scrolls with appropriate lettering 
and ornamentation. Very artistic, and, if we mistake not. will please admirers of pen-work. 
SINGLE No. 10c. THE FIVE No3. 25c. 
BUSINESS WRITING. A Complete Course of Twenty-six Lessons In Business 
Writing, including all letters, figures and exercises fresh from the pen, with printed in- 
structions, written for each lesson and explanation of the fore-arra movement and posi- 
tion, with illustration, will be sent for .^2. 

FLOURISHING. A Course of Twelve Lessons in Flourishing including Principles, 
Birds, Eagle, Swan and prrts for practice, fresh from the pen. with printed instructions 
and positions for holding the pen illustrated, will be sent for$I. 

GOOD PENS. We are selling immense quantities of Gillott's 604 E. F. Pens because 
they are the finest product of the best Pen Makers in the world, and give universal sat- 
sfaction. One-fourth gro.25c. One gro. sr.c. Two gro. $1.50. 

Address. H. W. KIBBE, Utica, N. Y. 



Fine Card Writing. 

Having so many calls for my cards, I will offer to 

12 Cards, wilh your name wriuen in several varl- 

cliesofsiyle asc 

I Set of Off-Hand Capitals aoc 

I Klegantly Flourished Bird 25c 

"I believe younE Bchrensmryer to be the bes 
penman of his age in the world. If there is one to 
e(iual him, I don'i know it. Few of the professionals 
of to-day can equal his cirds and capilnls. A small 
order will prove this to anyone." — D. L, MUSSEI^ 
MAN, (^uincy. III. 

"Your writing is immense, and would put to shame 
many of the sclf-siylcd 'CImnipions.' " — W. H. 
PATRirK, Biiliimore. Md. 

" I would give all I possess for such a command 
of the pen."— F. S. Heath, l^psom, N. H. 

"Ihave no hesitation, whatever, in pronouncing 
you the finest penman of your age in the world."— 
M. B. Moore. Morgan. Ky. 
Address all orders to 


Gem City Business College, Quincy, 111. 

N. B, — Postal Cards go to the waste basket. 


; — 3iT O ? 



Wants to send yon his Circulars and put your 
name on a card "vith the Automatic Pen. if you 
will sen I him a 2-cent stamp. 

for complete outfit for beginners, consisting of 
one Automatic Fen, 2 ink powders, set of Al- 
phabets, and coniplete instructions for begin- 
ners, n'l postpaid. 


WANTED.— An experienced teacher f Com- 
mercial Branches for lucrative position in a 
flourishing Business College. Stale age, quatiGca- 
lions and salary expected, and address "Z." 

Pet. Art Herald Office, Cleveland, O. 

BUSINESS TRAINING. IT IS pro^nssiW and iliorougli in all its appointments and departments, and is rapidly 
increasing in patronage and popularity. The Business Practice and Office Dcpaftmcnts are not equalled in Ohio or 
surpassed in America, and contain a more complete business training than the entire course of many business coll- 
eges that claim to be among the best. Send for Commcrctal World to McKee & Henderson, Oberlin, Ohio. 

THE OBERLIN COLLEGE WRITING DEPARTMENT 's exclusively a School of Penmanship, ^nd is without exception 
the very best in America. 'I'he specialty ot this school is Teachers', Busin 
thorough drill on the Black Board. 

from 160 to 175 words a minute. Send for " Stknogbai-hic Wokld," to McKEE & HKXUEKSON, Oberun, Oh: 

Writers' and Pen Artists' Training. It also givi 
Facilities the best- Teacher writes 





" Ring out the Old " Trashy Works on Book-keeping ; " Ring in the 


(jMSt F-a."blislied..) 



The Nearest Approach to Actual Experience 


It furnishes BUSINESSLIKE TRANSACTIONS FOR TWO SETS OF BOOKS, explaining every detail from the opening to the closing, 
adjusting of the profits in one and losses in the other. Information that will qualify anyone for assuming full charge of a set of books at once, without 
first serving as an Assistant. Evidence: OVER THREE HUNDRED SUCCESSFUL BOOK-KEEPERS who knew nothing about Double Entry 
when they began this Course, and who are now holding honorable, responsible and lucrative positions throughout the country. 

make a deposit — The sign of Debit and Credit in the bank 
r and.t'fljA skurt — How to prove ihe Cash — Importance of proving 
he Cash every evening— How lo post from the Cafh-book — How to close it. 

n. Buy goods on credit — Open an accoimttmth three creditors— When posting shaAOti^^one — 
^ow lo regulate space for Ledger accoun^?How to arrange them for convenience — Lock Ledger 
xptained— Customers' Ledger— Purchase UBger— Sell goods on credit— Open .- 

rs — tmporiance of keeping the addoMS of employees and others- 
and the Sales-book. " 

III. A customer settles by note— Opena ffills Receivable and a Discoi 
a memorandum and an entry— Settle with « creditor by note- Open 
l.harge up more goods— Requirements of the business suggest what : 
necessary in posting — What regulates ttw dating of notes. 

IV. Reopen the daily Cash -A custMner settles in cash less the disi 
; check on battk — Petty Cash — ft«w to dispose of little ii 

> poat from thejournal 

— Difference between 
it for bills payable- - 
J open — Initials only 

salesman — How to dispose of retail* sales— Five questic 
moi,c in counting money in the drawer- Answers thereto. 

V. Discount a note at bank— Open Interest account— Difference between Interest and Discount- 
How to find present worth of a note- A creditor draws on us at sight — Pay-day— Pay-roll explained— 
How to dispose of the matter when part of the employees are manufacturers — How to keep the ban! 
account straight — Buy goods and settle for them by note — How lo dispose of the matter when a new 
customer buys goods and settles by note — Business method versus Commercial College m 
Accounts Receivable — Enter more goods. 

VI. Negotiate a loan 
other people pursuant to instructions of a credi 
Cash-book soon as drawn— A custome 
case and cartage — What to do in each 

VII. Two customers settle by not 

done— What regulai 

J pay 1 

-Buy r 


sight — When the book-keeper would be permitted 1 
milled to sign it — Power of attorney — Absurdity of 
deposit — Authentic signatur 

VIII. Addiii( 
Their object — How we would proceed in the matte 

' ' •" -. - ^5^ settlem 

every cash ti 
entry— hiiy more goods on lime— When the year ao' 
goods sold C. O. D.— Exchange on New York. 

IX. Receive by the same mail a remittance fcem t 
matter when the money we receive includes ft-^rt 
inexperience and lack of judgment — Pay I 

re disposed of at the same time — We transfer one 
)ds on credit — A creditor draws 00 us at 10 days 
sign the firm name— When he would not be per- 
01 allowing the book-keeper to indorse checks for 
ses — A sharp trick checkmated. 
) customers re(]uesi us to draw onlhem at sight- 
-Open an Exchange account— When and hnw to 
nis— Importance of being methodical- Buy goods 

inth II 


DOf tl 
appear c 


e books — How I 

\ days sight — Charge up i 

amers, less discount — How 10 dispose of the 
ist be handed to another— An error due to 
by giving check^Draw 

e road, advancing him money 

I get the qheck cashed 

look — How to explain the results — Open salesman'. ...„ 

t the end of the monthyjAn entry peculiar to the last day of ev( 
lose the Journal— Difference between ^(ViV/^ and agreeing to give. 

XI. Trial Balance— How to proceed in making it- How to find e 
-A Trial Balance of the usual form showing the condition of the 
~ " '\ up— The usual nile for transportation of figures is the creali( 

r aci^eptante due this day— How it would be paid— Start 
.■ to pay expenses— Advantage in giving him a check for 
Why it would be wrong 10 charge it lo his personal account- 
possibly 1000 miles away— How to close the monthly Cash- 

Promises," veritable bosh. 

XII. Introduce a four-column Jo 
goods on account from three firms- R 
point in financiering -fay i 

> Discount colum 

e inexperienced — •" Red I 
in the Cash-book— Buy r 

Cish-book this 

-XIII. Pay our 
— Peculiar way of 
advantage of getting 

,nd how to post them, 

tl falls due this day— He 
Ing overdraft— When permittted ic 

book-keepers— Disi 

XIV. A customer's note 
bank we must pay it for ou 
overdrawn— Receive an opportune re 
principles— An apologetic letter from 

bank— How V 
low to dispose of t 
protest— What is 1 

it would t 

ivetdraw — Ho' 

le unsatisfactory method adopted by m,i 

covering protest 

box-maker's bill. 

»nl by ;»ro/cj/— Having discounted the 
a check uponlhem.<^elves — Bank accou 

less discount — Lend money on bank 


Fabrication from whole cloth — Receivt » 
■■ in renewal of protested note, covering protest fees and interest— The business method of dis- 
f the matter ; also the Commercial College method — Logic vtrsus old fogyism. 
Receive a 4 mos. note from a customer— Another customer calls in his note before it is due- 
withdraw a note previously discounted at bank and substitute another of different amount and 
I— Theory f^rwo practice- Why Business College methods are impracticable- Old 


different 1 

fossils handled without gli 

an employee with goods. 

XVI. Another note due to-day, wh 
note if held by private parties — Rere 

thernoie— Introduce t 

s for I 

, less dis 

emitiance for draft made 
-Another makes a payment 


XVI I. A customer fails and settles at 40 per cent.— Open an account for Profit and Z.«J -Traveling 
salesman returns and accounts for the money advanced him— How to adjust it on the books— Why we 
prefer to make all payments by check— The junior partner draws money— The peculiar manner o( closing 
the books this month explained- Adjust the interest on the senior partner's additional capital. 

XVIII. Trial Balance— The end of the season— Close the Ledger and adjust.the profits— Show Assets, 
also Liabilities— Make a final balance sheet -Reopen the books, ready for a new year— Proof figures 
.u.. .L- t,-_i.. L,. , ...^.-..-..j yp torrecdy— Two propositions in single entry book-keepin( ' 

I partner in the business -Simple, although but few can do it— Enig- 

This book will be sent by mail to any address on receipt of price, $2.50. If not satisfactory, 
RETURN BY FIRST MAIL, and your money will be promptly refunded. 


P. A. V/RIGHT, Author and Publisher, 




Yol. I. 


No. 6. 

Prominent in the front row of Ameri- 
can ink adjusters stand i\\t youtig men, 
whose penmanistic attainments are 
worthy of universal notice and com- 
ment. Their names are familiar to 
most of the chirographic devotees, and 
there can scarcely be a ijuestion in any- 
one's mind as to who they are. 

Henry P. Behrensmeyer is about 
nineteen years of age. We remember 
first noticing his name mentioned in the 
Journal y several years ago, when he 
was at theChaddockCollegeof Quinry, 
Illinois. Later he became connected 
with the Gem City 
College, and is, with- 
out doubt, the finest 
penman that famous 
institution ever pro- 
duced. He is em-' 
ployed as corres- 
pondent for that 

amateurs. Much of the beauty of his 
work lies in the contrast between his 
light and shaded strokes. The finest 
specimen of his work ever published 
appeared in the October issue of the 

One night ir 
•ere passing 


the sta 

of '84 we 
ay of 

Michael's National Pen-Art Hall at 
Oberlin, Ohio, and became engaged in 
conversation with a pale, tall and 
sparely constructed young man, who 
had outgrown, we judge, about seven- 
teen successive almanacs. There was 

rkable in h 

counts the fact that for about four 
months he rubbed elbows with and 
spattered ink at the same table occupied 
by the writer. The use of the word 
" beard " in connection with the name 
of Mr. Prince, it must be understood, 
is wholly figurative ; he looks like a 

)oy yet, bl 

t he has a d 





and a firm 


style of 



sation wh 

cli at once 




e of 

the supp.js 

lion that he 


a yoi 

th n 



The pla 

n writing of 

ir fr 




vide attention 



the enthns 

astic admir 
It.irc.l critic 


n of 


i graceful 


poise ot a swans 
neck, yet as accurate 
and thoroughly bal- 
anced as though cut 
on steel by a skilled 

Henry's letters are 
always full of jollity 
and Bill Nye de- 
scriptions of his cur- 
rent pastimes or ad- 
ventures, with an oc- 

someone — a youn^ 
lady, we think— who 
helps him enjoy the 
play occasionally. 
He prefers Kate 
Castleton comedy to 
Irving's Faust, chiefly bi 
don't stop at Quincy. 

C. P. Zaner is a disciple of Michael. 
He teaches in the Business College at 
Columbus, Ohio, and, we learn, has 
lately started a school of his own. He 
is also booked as a lecturer on pen- 
manship at the Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 
Commercial College; so, with his large 
mail business, we should suppose that 
he has few idle hours. As a con- 
structor of poetical birds and other 

repairs the student receives at Oberlin, 
confirmed and ordained him as a min- 
strel chirographic. 

Bartow is a whole-souled, liberal and 
agreeable young man, and his penman- 
ship has lately received many flattering 
encomiums. His specialties are writing 
and flourishing, in both of which he 
has few superiors, yet he does a very 
handsome piece of engrossing occa- 
sionally and makes the beautiful di- 
plomas issued by the Ohio Business 
University, over the penmanship de- 
partment of which he ably presides. 

We may add that he is not yet twenty 
years of age. There are surely few 


We have recently 
been favored with a 
delightful call from 
our old teacher, Pro- 
fessor U. McKee. 
Oberlin, Ohio. The 
Professor is as genial 
and pleasant as ever, 
and reports great 
success in his school 

C. P. /-aner seems 
determined to pre- 
serve his reputation 
as the leading flour- 
shing artist of the 


He do 


.vhich the flou 

his wanderings, Za 

unlike that of any other j: 
his style is being widely 

rishing is 

lit a ted by 

or conversation, yet he carried with 
I him a quiet, shy air and such a clear 
and piercing set of blue eyes that you 
would naturally desire to know more 
about him. Since that time we have 
had no more highly esteemed friend nor 
has the profession of penmanship a 
more beautiful writer in its ranks than 
Elmer W. Bloser, now of Delaware, O. 

Clarence G. Prince, one of Professor 
McKee's Star Graduates, now of Clark's 
Buffalo College of Commerce, Is about 
twenty-three years older than the 
Herald. He grew his penmanship 
beard at the chirographic Jericho, 
Oberlin, Ohio, and among the mis- 
fortunes of his life we suppose he re- 

Prince is educated, ready-witted, en- 
tertaining and jovial. He has poetic 
ability and is a great lover of the drama. 

marvelously beauti- 
ful work in that line. 
His specimens are 
striking pictures, and 
would adorn any par- 
lor art collection, 
lis to be doing well as 
the Chicago Graphic. 


Everett Bartow, a 
1 a Buckeye settle 
, half years since < 


; two 

e caught the writ- 
ing fever, and in order to have the best 
of treatment the country afforded, 
walked in on an ambulance to the hand- 
some school rooms of the Oberlin Col- 
lege Writing Department. Professor 
McKee administered a shower bath of 
muscular movement at .frecjuent inter- 
vals each day, until the fever was di- 
minished to a steady, healthful heat— 
an educated love tor peii-art — which, 
coupled with the legions of other small 

ntnving to 


H. P. Vogtrls 

a staff artist o 

He knows how to turr 

ments into money. 

A. J. Scarborough 
polish his editorial work on the "j1 
E/V/c " to even an increased degrei 
brilliancy. One great beauty of his 
thoughts is the suggestiveness which ac- 
companies them. It would seem unnat- 
ural to peruse a paragraph of his com- 
position without catching a new breath 
of enthusiasm. 

Professor G. W. Michael of Delaware, 
O.. recently spent an afternoon at our 
headquarters. He seems to have lost 
none of his fire and determination. 
What Ingersoll is to theology Michael 
is to the penmanship crusade. 


THE. i^iaN-ART Fll^RAlIiE) 


A slightly defective likeness of whom 
is herewith presented, constitutes out 
in the great army of earnest, intelli- 
gent and ambitious young teachers of 
penmanship. He is principal of the 
St. Paul Institute of Penmanship, and 
is a successful representative of our 

For his skill and teaching ability in 
penmanship he is largely indebted to 
the counsel and aid of his instructor, 
the well-known left-hand writer of San 
Francisco, Fred O. Young, and to the 
help and encouragement he has re- 
ceived from his friend and associate, 
Professor N. S. Heardslee of the St. 
Paul High School. He does e.vcellent 
work in plain writing, and is skilled in 
the ornamental branches. 

The Hekai.I) takes pleasure in being 
the first paper to present him to the 
fraternity through its columns, and be- 
speaks for him a full measure of success 
in his labors in the chirographic vine- 




In looking over the long list of 
names representing the common school 
teachers of this country, we are led to 
ask the question : How many such 
teachers have a means by which they 
can increase their income, and at the 
same time not interfere with the regu- 
lar school duties? 

My fellow teacher, did you ever 
pause to consider how you might bet- 
ter your 

ready to proJBst against the littleness 
of y 

r ^Mhif a 

Common school teachers are a neces- 
sity — the cause is a nohli- one, but, dear, 
oh dear, the pay — do you sigh as you 
think of it ? If you love your work, 
stick to it ; but why not devise some 
means by which you can advance your 
income as you plod along, step by step, 
into good old age and fame ? 

A teacher's training course, of from 
three to six months, in some well estab- 
lished, reliable school of penmanship 
will prove a profitable investment to any 
live teacher — which will yield a greater 
income than any investment you ever 
made, considering the capital and time 

You are readv to 

tment iray? IJecome a gooi 

dv to ask : 
t f^y ? IJ 

few plain figures will fully explain my 
meaning. Suppose you secure a night 
school of twenty pupils (this is a small 
estimate), at two dollars each for fifteen 
lessons, five lessons per week. Thus 
we have forty dollars for three weeks 
work of one hour per day. This we 
must count as clear gain, as the board 
and incidental expenses are already fig- 
ured out of the regular salary. 

If you are wide-awake and put life 
in your work the first term, a much 
larger class will be ready for a second 
series of fifteen lessons without your 
solicitation. Do you see what I mean 


Suppose a three months' course in pen- 
manship costs you seventy-five dollars, 


SvE Be.vson, Business Writing Union : 

Mv De.\k Sir :— It becomes more and 
more apparent that the efforts of some 
to hoist upon the public what they are 
pleased to christen " Business Writing," 
lend 10 lead to the neglect of the finer 
points of penmanship and by paying In- 
creased attention to speed in the vain ef- 
fort lo comply with the standing request 
of "rapid America," to "please get a 
little faster," ihey are overrunning some 
very valuable game. Did it ever occur 
lo your mind ihat many of the schools 
throughout the country most clamorous 
against the work of the writing master are 
themselves notoriously deficient in facili- 
ties for turning out skilled penmen ? And 
that these same schools are continually 
denouncing that which they themselves 
uphold in other ways than by short 
courses ? Did you ever slop to consider 
the rapid and long strides penmanship has 
made within the last decade and the char- 
acter of work which brought about this 
change ? Did you ever fully consider the 
true inwardness of this business writing 
idea and how many of its advocates were 
once eager to climb the ladder leading lo 
skill and fame, and how many of these 
are now the avowed enemies of every 
idea lending to what is denominated the 
artistic in penmanship, lo say nothing of 
those continually on the change from one 
side to the other and back again, not par- 
ticularly benefiting either ? Did you ever 
consider the various and varying theories 
of these enemies of progress in penman- 
ship, and who of them are contributors 
of matter that has caused not even a single 
ripple on the sea of chirographic litera- 
ture? Cavck Pen. 

edge th; 

»at you do 


worth. I 
other calling is the pay so small, where 
the preparation required, and the re- 
sponsibility so great, as that of the 
common school teacher? 

who is 

:hool for ,, 

ith, will, by 

i" ' '' 


The young 
ceaching a co.n, 
or even fifty dollars per month, will 

piration of the winter and spring terms 
to pay his expenses at some school dur- 
ing the summer vacation, where he 
must go in order to " keep up with the 
times "and be able to pass the much 
appreciated examination for a certifi- 
cate that he may wield the reins of au- 
thority " next year." 

penman, and your services will be in 
greater demand and at higher wages. 
By being the happy possessor of a fine 
style of penmanship, you will be raised 
in the estimation of all with whom you 
come in contact. By being able to teach 
a good system of penmanship you can 
organise night and Saturday classes 
and make as much as your regular sal- 
ary, and in many instances do much 
better. During the summer vacations 
teachers of penmanship are always in 
demand, and the energetic penman will 
always secure private pupils at a good 
rate of tuition. 

There is not a village or community 
where large night classes could not be 
organized during the winter months. A 

this amount to cover all expenses — tui- 
tion, board ami room, materials, etc. 
In the first month after graduating you 
make at least as much as your course 
in penmanship cost you. Is such a 
course not a good paying investment ? 

My brother, wake up! Consider your 
best interests and act wisely. Spend 
your vacation in a way that will bring 
happiness and good returns in the form 
of big round doilars. 
Yours truly, 

C. N. Crandle. 

Dixon, 111.. Feb. 15. 1888. 

A large number of our friends have 
kindly promised clubs for the Herald. 
May not we add your name to the list ? 

Mr. H. B. Parsons. Principal of the 
Business College at Zanesville. Ohio, 
favors us with a pholo of an engrossed set 
of resolutions recently designed and ex- 
ecuted by himself, which appears to be 
an exceedingly clever piece of artistic pen- 
work. The designing is very original and 
equally meritorious, while the execution 
of the work betrays evidence of a master's 
touch and finish. 

Barnes' Souvenir is one of the most 
artistically gotten up publications in its 
line — Penmanship. The work is very re- 
plete with peerless gems of pen-art. the en- 
graving having been done by Holah. 

Show ihe He 

) to your friends. 




Professor B. C.Wood, of the firm of 
Wood & Van Patten, principals and pro- 
prietors of the Iowa Commercial College, 
Davenport, Iowa, was born in one of the 
rural districts of Chickasaw county, Iowa, 
December 12, 1858. His parents were 
among the early pioneers of Iowa, were 
well educated and highly respected 
people. Their pioneer home, with open 
fire-place, was noted far and wide for its 
cheerful and cordial welcome to friends 
and neighbors, who for some years were 
miles apart ; still the latch string of their 
humble home was ever on the outside. 

Here in this country home the sub- 
ject of our sketch grew from childhood to 
early manhood, working on a farm from 
early morn till late at night in summer 
seasons and attending country school 
during winter. Early m life his untiring 
energy at whatever he set himself about 
was a matter of comment among older 
people. At twelve years of age he was a 
good English schola 

himself of an opportunity to attend a 
grammar-school for six months, boarding 
at home, taking care of stock mornings 
and evenings, and riding a horse a dis- 
tance of four miles to school. Thus sea- 
son followed season and year succeeded 
year until, at the age of seventeen, young 
Wood, like the sensible young man that he 
was, decided to attend a commercial col- 
lege. The opportunity came, as it does 
10 all who are determined, and the follow- 
ing winter found him a student of the Ue- 
corah Business College. But spring came 
and found our hero out of funds, and the 
course not yet completed 
very reluctantly bade adi( 

of comfort and true refinement. 
is happily constituted for his avo- 
)n, a merry wight, full of vim, vigor 
and lirelessness, generous, prompt, courte- 
and ready-witted, counts his friends 
by the hundrtd and his word is as good as 
a bond. 

The fond remembrance of the writer 
carries him back to the days when young 
Wood was struggling manfully to prepare 
to carry out the noble resolve of earlier 
days. As the years come and go, we know 
we shall see still greater works emanating 
from the tireless hands of the subject of 
this sketch. 

being, to his alma matei 

mg cc 
laied ! 
pay hi 
lege a 

untry school 1 
ufficient lucrt 
i expenses at 

ness ability and qualifications were rec- 
ognized by R. G. Dun &: Co.'s Merchan- 
tile Agency, Davenport, Iowa, and a posi- 1 
1^^ I tion offered him, which he accepted. | 
There is, perhaps, no other one business | 
that so thoroughly qualifies a man in the 
practical as a mercantile agency. The 
subject of our sketch early recognized 1 
this and applied himself with his usual 
untiring energy and remained with the 
same agency for three years. Resigning 
his position he immediately founded the 
Davenport Short Hand and Type-Writing 
Institute, which met with marked success. 
A few months later it was his good fortune 
to meet Professor Frank Van Paiten, a 
gentleman of scholarly attainments, and 
also a practical educator. Professor Van 
He therefore j Patten became associated with the insti- 
for the tinieitute founded by Mr. Wood, and shortly 
d began teach-' thereafter they merged it into the Iowa 

never doubted for a moment that success 
eventually would crown his efforts. 

The ladder of fame that rests on the 
foundation of meritorious conduct has al- 
ready several rounds below where Pro- 
fessor Wood stands to-day. 

As a teacher of rapid calculation and 
business writing there perhaps is not a 
superior to him in the world. His won- 
derful rapidity in figures has astonished 
men of all classes, and causes him to be 
looked upon as a mathematical phenome- 
non, while his penmanship and black- 
the admiration of 

ntil he had 

I Commercial College, since which time the 

board writing 

all who see it. 

The Weste 

held at Des 

n Penman's Associali 
Moines, December 27 
30, 1886, honored Professor Wood by 
electing him assistant secretary of ihi 
convention for the year 1887. Retirini 
from this office, he was made chairman c 
ihe executive committee for the year 


We gladly inseft the following tribute 
of respect to a worthy young penman: 

At a meeting of the students of the 
Anoka Business College, held in the 
college rooms February 6, 1888, the 
mble and resolutions - 
ly adopted : 

Wherkas, Prof. H. H. Kellogg has 

signed his position as teacher in the 
Anoka Business College ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we deeply feel the loss 
of one whose simple life, unselfish de- 
votion, and unswerving fidelity to duty 
have endeared him to all with whom he 
came in contact. 

Resolved, That as a teacher of pen- 
manship and commercial branches he 
possesses superior ability, being a very 
forcible and practical teacher, and 
while we shall greatly miss him, we feel 
he will gain many friends wherever he 
may go. 

Resolved. That a copy of these reso- 
lutions be forwarded to him. and a copy 
sent to each of the penn^n'spapers for 
publication. m ^^ 

V. U. GlLSON, ) 

1). .S. Wai.ker, -Committee. 

V. M. I.APHAM. ) 

Anoka. Minn., Feb. 15, 188S. 

1, return 
Decorah and renialnmg 
until he secured his di- 
ploma as a professional 
" Knight of the Quill." 
Now his efforts were 
crowned with success, 
and mapping out his 
field he began the life 
of an itinerant writing 
teacher, traveling sev- 



of lo 

and occasionally going 

over its borders. His — — 

success as a teacher was so pronounced 
and appreciated that he determined to be 
an educator. Fully imbued with this 
idea he entered the " Decorah Institute," 
under the principalship of Professor Breck- 
enridge, and with his accumulated means 
was enabled to complete the course with 
honors. Returning to his rural home and 
spending a few days with his parents, he 
then went to Moline, Illinois, where he 
secured a position as clerk in a store, and 
subsequently an acquaintance was formed 
witli Miss Bertha A. Way, a young lady 
of rare culture and refinement, and pos- 
sessed of many charms. The acquaint- 
ance ripened into friendship, and from 
friendship the "old story" was again 
told, and October 26, 1S80, they were 
united in marriage. From this union a 
little boy and girl bless and gladden their 

In 1881 young Wood's superior busi- 

B\ Pi of H \V !,e 

wonderful success the college has had is 
a by-word all over eastern Iowa and west- 
ern Illinois. 

Professor Wood, from boyhood up, has 
had varied experiences, but he has, withal, 
demonstrated to the world the possibilities 
of a poor farmer boy— he is in every 
sense of the word a "self made man," 
and the job was well performed. His in- 
domitable will and tireless energy have 
done much toward bringing the Iowa 
Commercial College to its present stand- 
ing, ranking, as it does, as one of the 
leading Commercial Colleges in the land. 

Not only is Professor Wood an educa- 
tor of rare qualifications and superior 
ability, but he is also a natural leader of 
men^he knows no such word as fail. 
Hisresolve to be an educator of the rising 
youth was made ten years before he had 
the supreme satisfaction of seeing his am- 
bitions realized, but during all this time he 

188S, and the association will hold its 
next meeting in Davenport, at the Iowa 
Commercial College. The Association 
will, doubtless, be entertained in a right 
royal manner. Professor Wood will greet 
the fraternity so warmly that all imaginary 
icebergs which may have existed will melt 
away, and the brothers will look about 
and find themselves in the midst of a 


No penn 

be exempt from the next meeting. 

Perhaps in the whole field of business 
college men there are few, if any, who are 
so well qualified to manage and direct 
young men and women as Professor B. C. 
Wood. That he stands as a prince among 
business educators is acknowledged by 
his hundreds of graduates throughout the 

Professor Wood is benevolent, enter- 
prising and public spirited. He finds 
time to attend church, and his home is 

What movement 
best adapted to 

Since the masses are 
often called to write 
independent of the sta- 
tionary rest, should they 
not be prepared for 
such emergencies by 
under that condition? 


Can the n 
lically euiployed when the wr 
prived of the stationary rest ? 

If the muscular movement c 
employed, what is the objectii 
paratory work in the whole i 
ment ? 

If it cannot be thus used, w 
objection to preparatory drill 

be prac- 

I be thus 
to pre- 


The above 

practical questions and 
.1 for interesting and profita- 

ble discussion. 

Gaskell's Magazine is always good — a 
casket of concentrated sunshine. The 
" Penman's Gallery" is a specially interest- 
ing feature, as the writing of the biogra- 
phies allows ample opportunity for the free 
play of brother Scarborough's character- 
istic wit and brainy drollery. 


Zbc ipcn^Ert Iberalb 

A Monthly Journal of Penm&nship Literature. 
Subscription price. Sixty cents per year. Single 

>nth, $2. 3 months. $5- 

5 to 10, Fifty-five cents each. 
Lo to 25, Fifty cents each. 
•g lo 50, Rates made known on applii 
These rates include the "Alphabets" 



It is not wise to lose sight of the fuct 
that every acquirement should be of 
such a nature that it can be utilized. 
Go where you will in the world of busi- 
ness and you will find that those who 
are successful are invariably 
the persons who can turn 
accomplishments, mental or 
physical, to some account- 
consecrate them to some pur- 
pose. An accountant who 
can make a journal entry 
only when his mind may be 
as clear and unclouded as 
that of a student, or when 
reference books are at hand ; 
a journalist who can write 
only when in the mood for 
literary work ; an artist who 
can only draw the circles and 
principles learned in school, 
or an orator who is lost with- 
out his manuscript, would 
prove fully as marked suc- 
cesses in their difl'erent lines 
of work as would the so-called 
business writer who is unable 
to adapt his "hand" to the 
exigencies of a hurrying, 
rushing age, and the commer- 
cial transactions which every 
day must be recorded. 

Teachers of penmanship 
should study the lawof aj/ff// 
ability. They should be archi- 
tects, and in planning and 
building for their students a 
hand-writing, they should bear 
in mind the uses to which it 
is expected that it shall be subject — 
the subsequent molding it must undergo. 
* * * » 

We are always glad to speak of and 
commend a good idea when we see it, 
and for that reason cannot refrain 
from calling especial attention to Mr. 
Frederick S. Heath's highly praise- 
worthy undertaking, the particulars of 
which may be gleaned from his adver- 
tisement. There is not a professional 

Heath is a young gentlemen of rare in- 
telligence and ability ; he is perfectly 
familiar with the affairs of our calling, 
and is sparing no effort to make his 
Directory not only extensive and com- 
prehensive, but reliable and modern, 
the addresses given to be up to date. 
He should have the help of every live 
penman or teacher. 


Some of our subscribers become in- 
dignant unless they find their names in 
the Hlralp each month. We frequently 
receive letters, the contents of which are 
steeped in agitated menial temperature, 
unburdening the sad tale of our neglect in 
this regard in language less soothing than 

To all of onr esteemed /raters who feel 
that the Herald has failed to do them 
justice or that it has in any manner neg- 
lected their interests, we reverently apolo- 
gize. It is our constant aim to fitly rep- 
resent and advance the professional inter- 
ests of our calling ; and to best perform 
this work we recognize that it is wise to 
institute a sort of social club room, where, 
each month, members of our brotherhood 
may meet on common ground, learn of 

imagine that 
anything elsi 

\ have ceased to e 
I utterly improbable, 


To our generous friends who have 
shown their thoughtfulness (or the Her- 
ald's welfare' during the past month by 
sending such handsome lists of subscribers 
to il, we desire to extend our sincere 
thanks. Appreciation can be shown in 
various ways, but we are safe in saying 
that an editor prefers this method to 
almost any other. It is encouraging to 
think that the Herald, while yet an infant, 
has enlisted the hearty friendship and 
support of so many of the substantial 
members and prominent teachers of our 

Professor W. J. Kinsley, the where- 
abouts and profession of whom need no 
rehearsal, heads the list by a club num- 
bering sixty-four. This surely is no faint 
indication of the esteem in which he is 
held by his students, from among whom 
the subscribers were taken. 

Professor U. McKee, Oberlin, O., of 
the quality of whose attainments few peo- 
ple in our ranks are ignorant, forcibly 
illustrates his attachment to the Herald 

rolled as a friend to our enterprise, and 
convinces us of his smcerily by sending a 
club of subscribers. 

Our friend J.C. Witter, special penman- 
ship instructor in the Leche Graded Insti. 
tute. New Orleans, La., sends us a club of 
fourteen. Mr. Witter is one of the leading 
penmen of the south; is a gentleman of 
clear and forcible 
and sound judgme 
taining to the good of our cause. The 
Herald has no more enthusiastic admirer 
than he. He favors us with some nea 
and effective designs in pen-drawing 
which prove, conclusively, that he is in- 
timately acquainted with the habits of the 

s. piactical ideas 
all matters per- 

;, in order to be 
fashion, sends a 

Business College, 
thanks for a club 

Professor J. B. Durye 
up with the times and i 
club of seven. 

C. C. French, Bayless 
Dubuque, Iowa, has our 
of nine. 

Our old friend Bloser of Delaware, O.. 
sends a club of sixteen, merely to make 
the fact apparent lo us that he likes the 

[. Berber, Wichita, Kan., swells 

by a club of four. 

rssor H. J. Putman, one of the 
most accomplished commer- 
cial teachers of the north- 
west, favors us with a club of 
seventeen. AV'ho can do as 
well ? 

Mr. A. T. Hastings, a fine 
practical writer and a pupil 
of our friend Isaacs of Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, sends us a 
club numbering twenty. Mr. 
Hastings will soon embark as 
a professional penman, and 
we have all confidence in hfs 

all br; 

^ of the 



ely that he has 
2 for the work, ; 

. Je 

sse Overlock, Rock 
port, Maine, a practical book 
keeper and an excellent writ 
er, donates a hand 




J. M.Adams of Scio, Ohio, 
sends a goodly club and 
promises a better one in the 

H. F. Crumb, Rider's Busi- 
ness College, Trenton, N. J., 
a live, practical teacher, has 
persuaded seven of his pupils 
that the Hlrald is essential 
to iheir future happiness. 

, the land but ha 

in hi: 

life, fell the need of a reliable and com- 
plete directory of the members of our 
calling. It will serve manifold pur. 
poses. Efibrts to produce works of the 
kind before have failed, because of the 
lack of knowledge of our profession, its 
extent and growth, on the part of those 
who have essayed to do the work. Mr. 

the whereabouts and success of other 
toilers, and gain a new breath of inspira- 
tion for their own labors. This we ailempl 
to do through the personal notices which 
appear in our columns. 

As there are thousands whose work de- 
serves especial mention in our columns, 
it should not, we are inclined to think, 
subject us to a severe epistolary lecture 
who has been looking for a 
unintentionally omitted. 

It 1 

■ ob- 

always possible for u 
tain engravings on lime so our paper is 
frequently out later in the month than we 
could wish. As this fact cannot jjossibly 

one, we wish that when we fail to reach 
their post-office box before the twenty-fifth 
or a few days later, subscribers would not 

by sending a club of fifteen, this being the 
second list received from him lately. 

Professor S. J. Pridgen, the penman of 
Moore's Business University, Atlanta, 
Ga., sends in a club of twenty-five, simply 
to show us that the paper is liked by his 

Professor W. A. Hoffman of Bryant's 
College, Chicago, makes us a present 
I of a club of eight. 

' The same statement describes the con- 
i duct of Mr. B. Butler of the Chicago 
I College of Business and Penmanship. 
I Messrs. C. E. Jones and C. E. McKee 
j have formed commendable habits in the 
j way of sending subscribers at odd times. 
! Mr. H. H. Kellogg. Principal Penman- 
I ship Department of the Anoka, Minn., 
Business College, and associate editor of 
the Practical Educator, desires lo be en- 

Thanks, all 

ioning il 

mailer clubs have 
ivhich space for- 


When it is possible to 

obtain postal 

notes or to send currency 

r silver without 

danger of loss, we very ea 

rnesily request 

all who make remittances 

the Herald 

not to send stamps. Whe 

n compelled to 

do so, however, we ask 

hat you send 

one's or two's, as we have 

little use for 

those of any other dcnomi 


Isaacs is busy. With about six hun- 
dred penmanship pupils to instruct daily, 
it is not to be wondered at that he finds 
little time for reading serial stories, or for 
attending base ball games. 

All of . 

; reliable 





No one can hope to excel in orni 

iship without first acquiring 
ake graceful flourishes, and 

mental pen: 
the ability t 
this skill can. we believe, be easiest ac- 
quired by constant practice on an exer- 
cise similar to the flourished portion of 
the accompanying design. 

In preparmg this specimen of work we 
first made the circular portion with a 
compass, next putting on all the flourishes, 
Then came the horseshoe, and for it we 
were compelled to 
draw wholly on our 

were unable to find 
a picture of one, and 
if it is not a correct 
representation, we 
hope some of our 
friends who have 
seen a real, live 
horseshoe will cor- 

To make the 
horseshoe and 
flowers, sketch ihem 
carefully with a pen- 
cil, then retrace with 
a pen, finishing the 
flowers first. 



In our next issue 
we shall give a 
large number of 
cuts of envelope 
cards and letter 
headings, the orig- 
inals of which were 
executed with the 
pen. We believe 
this will prove of 
general interest, 
and in order to 
make it so, we ear- 
nestly invite all 
[jrofessional pen- 
men, amateurs and 
all colleges, pen- 
manship institutes 
and other schools 


and projector. We are not rich, i 
we in any great danger of becom 
while devoting our efforts to the work j nit 
of penmanistic journalism, yet we be-lm( 
lieve we are iMng }(ood, and we have!_iv») 
complete faith in the ultimate financial | of 
success of the Herald. It is paying, 
its way. and that is more than we ex- 
pected at the beginning. 

We desire to assure our generous con- 
stituents that the Hkrald has no notion 
of dying. During our short career thus 
far nothing has hindered our prosperity 
more than the impression which many 

ten, the 

proportionate appreciation and 
■e substantial evidence of it than 
e words convey. May we not enroll 
as a permanent friend and supporter 
ur journal ? 


The last number of the IVfstent Penman 
is the finest yet published. The full page 
pen-drawings by Kibbe and Webb are 

The Michigan Busiiifn Journal, of 
which the famous penman, Professor 

to 1 

tro of whatever 
they see fit to fur- 
nish, at the earliest 
possible date. Due 
credit will be given 
in each case and 

the cuts returned at our own expense 
when ofi" the press. No charge will 
be made, and it is not difficult to see 
that this is a chance to secure some 
valuable advertising without cost. Send 
on your cuts at once, please. 

City, Iowa, contains a good lesson i" 
writing by P. T. Benton. Penman in the 
Business College at that place. 

The School Visitor, Madison. Wiscon- 
sin, visits us twice a month. It is a bright 
little sheet and contains much substantial 

We have a young man in the profession 
of penmanship whose skill is something 
bordering on the remarkable, yet his ex- 
treme modesty keeps him behind the 
scenes to a great extent. We hope to pre- 
sent a map of his 
features, taken from 
a photographer's sur- 
vey, in an early is- 
sue, and tell our 
readers how he ob- 
tained his skill. We 
refer to Professor 
W.A. Hoflman, now 
of Bryant's Chicago 
Business College. 

L.M. Kelchnerof 
Light Street, Penn- 
sylvania, sends us a 
striking specimen of 

J. V. Haederle, 
Cleveland, hands us 

ard \ 

itten I 

unusually good style 
for a young man of 

J. V. DeCremer 
of Green Bay, Wis- 
consin, mails us a 
packet of well exe- 
cuted penmanship. 
He is tast scaling the 
chirographic heights 

C. W, Jones is 
teaching at Empo- 
ria, Kansas. 

Professor J. H. 
Larrison, a compe- 
tent teacher and ex- 
cellent penman, is 
teaching writing itin- 
erantly throughout 
the 'Buckeye' State. 
CM. Weiner sends 
us a specimen of his 
flourishing in bird 
and bramble form, 
labeled "Harmless." 
We must say that it 
is spiriiedy however 
harmless it may be. 

Mr. We 


The Pf.n-Art Herald is now si.\ 
months old. The first number was 
issued in September, '87, and since that 
time it has appeared with becoming 
promptness and regularity each month, 
circulating in every corner of our coun- 
try. The growth of our paper and the 
popularity it is enjoying is fully equal 
to the highest e.\pectations of its editor 

have that because it is young it is un- 
safe to patronize it. There can be no 
risk whatever in lending it your every 
possible aid, as the financial foundation 
upon which it rests is fully as firm as 
that of older journals of penmanship. 

And now, as we enter upon the second 
half of our first year in your homes, we 
earnestly ask you to deal by us justly 
and according to our merits. If the 
Herald's visits have helped you, we 
trust you will lend us your aid in plac. 
ing it in the hands of every one of your 
pupils atid friends whom you feel that 
it would benefit. If you can send us 
one additional subscriber, be assured 
that the favor will be appreciated. If 

W. W. Bennett, Principal of the Business 
College at Grand Rapids, Michigan, is 
editor and publisher, the second number 
of which has just reached our table, is the 
brightest and best publication emanating 
from any college within the radius of our 

In this last issue Mr. Bennett has gar- 
nered an unusually bright and glittering 
array of thought-jewels. We learn that 
his institution is meeting with the most 
flattering success, as it doubtless merits. 
The Herald congratulates the Professor 
on his general prosperity, and indulges 
the hope that it may only Increase as the 
years creep on. I 

A neat College Journal, from Iowa I 

ALD is addressed to 
South Whitley, In- 

Miss Lida M. Dan- 
els, a school preceptress at Senecaville, 
Ohio, is getting her students interested in 
the subject of penmanship and in pen- 
men's papers — which shows conclusively 
that she knows what progress means. 

J. K. Cozarl, Ravenswood, Emporia, 
Kan., favors us with a beautiful piece of 
flourishing, done in imitation of Zaner'.s 
peerless style. 

A. J. Smith of Anamosa, Iowa, adds 
some valued — because skillful — speci- 
mens to our collection of pen work. Mr. 
Smith will soon embark as an itinerant - 
and we ask him to carry on his person the 
Herald's best wishes, 

Send us your school catalogue. We want 
to see what you are doing. 


Mr. Walden's set of capitals on this 
page will be found valuable for thought- 
ful, careful practice. The style and 
.size of the letters are about as you 
would make them after having studied 
varied forms and numerous systems of 
script letters. In practicing them, ex- 
periment for yourselves in regard to the 
movement best suited to this style of 
writing. Take up a letter and try to 
produce it with every movement of 
which you have ever heard, and adopt 
that one which to you seems most sen- 
sible for the purpose. This, you will 
probably conclude, is the muscular. 

In practice, always note the relative 
position of every stroke : the gradation 
of the shade and the style of motion 
which produces the most dignified and 
graceful forms. 

and a packet of ten of A'lNu's Alpha 
bets, the best aids to skill in artistic 
penmanship in existence. This set in- 
cludes three of Mr. Kibbe's latest alpha- 
bets, and in it are several handsome 
plates of variety wrifins- Farley's 
Afodel Guide may be ordered instead of 
the alphabets, for a short time. 


This month we shall make a special 
reduction on clubs of i en each, where 
no premium is desired. For a limited 
time we shall receive subscribers in 
clubs of that number or more zX forty 
cents each. 

Are there not, in your classes or 
among your friends, at least ten who 
would appreciate a live penman's paper 
to the extent of forty cents a yt- ar ? 

All who are willing to make an effort 
to secure this special number are re- 
quested to write us at once, and we 
shall take pleasure in sending any de- 

An aggiavaimg error occurred last 
month in the full page advertisement of P. 
A. Wright. Through an oversight the 
price of Mr. Wright's book was made to 
read $2.50 instead of $1.50, the actual 
price. The work would be cheap, 
however, at the price given. No progress- 
ive book-keeper or teacher should be with- 
out a copy. 

G. Bixler is " nothing if not progres- 
sive." His school at Wooster is prosper- 
ous. Notice his "ad." and see why we 
call him progressive. 

Scarborough seems serene and happy 
under " Home Rule," and is growing more 
and more earnest and forcible in his jour- 
nalistic labors. For an indefinite period 
of years may his good-natured eloquence 
pour through the " Magazine's " columns. 

The new plates of A'lfifie's Alphabets 
are beauties. Don't fail to see them. 

There has rarely been a more suc- 
cessful penmanship publication than 
" A Series of Lessons in Plain Writing." 
Nothing sells like it since the palmy 
days of Gaskell's Compendium. It de- 
serves lall the success with which it is 
meeting. | 

C. O. Meux is teaching penmanship in 
Nels on's Business College, Memphis, 
Tennessee. He is a good writer and a live 

We learn, from a reliable source, that 
Professor C C. Curliss, of Minneapolis, 
conducts one of the finest schools to be 
found anywhere. Should the growth of 
his institution be parallel with that of th' 
city in which it is located, we are justified 
in prediciini^ une.xampled future prosperity 
for this popular college. 

Professor E. E. Stevens is doing well 
with his Pen-art Hall at Wauseoii, Ohio. 
He is an accomplished writer and leachtr, 


I full 

; of 

Investigate ! Find the easiest way 
of making a letter and stick to it. Find 
out if it is as easy to omit all shade as 
to use it. See if there are any lines 
which are superfluous and with which 
you can easily dispense. Make a set 
of capitals half as large as the copy and 
one twice as large, choosing the style 
which seems most practical for busi- 
ness, and the one which seems the most 
beautiful for the finer styles of penman- 
ship. Ever strive to find some better 
idea, some improved way of doing 
things, and you will never grow weary 
of practice. 


One iioi.LAK, currency or postal note, 
secures a yearly membership in the 
Herald's family and the most popular 
and meritorious publication on plain 
writing extant — Putman & Kinsley's 
" Lessons " a description of which may 
be found in their advertisement. 

Seventv-five cents, postal note or 
silver, pays for a yearly subscription 

sired number of samples to be used in 
soliciting. Let us hear from all of our 
friends in regard to this matter. 


I). E. Btake makes some inviting oflTers 
in this issue. He is one of the expert pen 
manipulators of the west, and may be re 
lied upon. 

Professor 1-. S, Heaih, laieof Poriland, 
Maine, has resigned his position there, 
and will occupy the itinerant field during 
the coming season^opening at Concord, 
New Hampshire. He writes us that his 
proposed work— ^ihe Penman'^ Directory 
— will be pushed to completion as soon as 
the desired data can be obtained. 

G. J. Kretchmer of Cleveland is doing 
some very skillful work in the various lines 
of pen-art, and is destined to stand second 
to none if unlimited ambition can avail. 

W. W. Bennett reports a large enroll 
ment of students in his new school at 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. He will here- 
after publish the Michigan Business Col- 
lege /tf/zrwrt/ each month. The first two 
numbers are very creditable ones. 



The bfst instruction given In I'mctical 
and Ornamentnl Penmnn.ship. Card Writ- 
ing and all kinds of Penwork to order. 
Send for specimens of llourisJiing, - -Joe. 
1 doz. neatly written card*. - - 2.ic. 


49 East 4th St., ST. PAUL, MINN 


10 experiment. Success is certain to- 
every one taking lessons who is willing to work. 

No student has failed yet, and I have had 

To niy knowledge, no one else teaches Auto- 
matic Penmanship by mail. 

The course is systematically arranged as far 
as is possible, but the lessons must be varied) 
in every case to suit the particular needs of each 

This is one of the most beautiful kinds of pen 
work and is within the reach of everyone, cer- 
tain, who will take 2-1 lessons. 

Home have done beautiful work after six lea- 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

12 Lessons tji iioi 

24 Lessons .'.'.".'.'.'.'.'.& 00 

Alphabets, each . , " i^. 

\ Handsome Motto, size 7x20 lettered and 

;(1 in a variety of colors 20 

. Shading Pen 2.'* 

5 Automatic Shading(a8i'orted).. 1 00 

5 assorted powders for making ink for same 25 

12 Ornamented designs . ^ q(> 

Cards, per doz gn, 



Jones is one of ihe very finest Automatic pen. 
artists. *^ 

The Wcslern Penmim 
The art of lettering with an automatic pen 
has been reduced to a fine pointby C. E. Jones. 
Principal of the Business Department of the 
Tabor. Iowa College. That he has also the fac- 
ulty of imaprling skill (o others is attested by 
numerous specnnens of the work of his stu- 
dents, which we have been permitted to see 
The Pi„ man's A rl Journal. 
Specimens of automaiic pen-letterina received 
from Mr. Jones are the finest we have ever 
________^ Ed. Pen Art Herald. 




Thorou8;hly Taught 



Everybody should semi Ont- Dollar to J. K. Mc- 
ARREN. 357, Gainesville, Texas, and receive by 
;iurn mail a copy of ilial wonderful PunKle Pen- 

Cirtiilarsjind Desi^riptic 

M. J. CATON. Presidi 


Business College 


Oblique poldei'. 

Send for ['rice List of Michaels 
Compendium. Copy Hooks of Rap- 
id WnUng, Practice Paper, Black 
Ink, French Pens and Oblique 
Holders, The very best articles for 
Writing Schools and Public 


G. W. MICHAEL & C0.» 


For 7c per line ihe undersigned will furnish y 
I piece of poetry with i 

0;<TiC of your n 
each order, 

; Mono<;r 
3. premium 


Acrostics written on a friend s nam 
;ni that could be given him. It wi 
re than a ss-oo book or a gold heac 





ring this a.ivertisement please 
do not forget to enclose a postal note for 
fifty cents and state elearly the number of 
the specimen you desire. " ' 

1st. — Scrap book specimen, embracing 
flourisliing, writing nnd lettering. 

2d. — Flourished bird on nest. 

3rd. — Flourished swan with scroll work 

4th. — Set of capitals with elaborate head- 
ing- • 

5th. — A design Nourished in imitation of 
any copy you may send. Will send a per- 
onal letter witheaili order for any one of 
thf above designs. 





g * 


All who order the "GUIDE" 
within HO days will receive a copy 

of "Pen Strokes" free. 



C. BLXLER, "'" ,ft3:iIife'2«'"ISh?a,""" WOOSTER, 


No. ;,1. KAl'ID GEKMAN TEXT. Ma* ivilh a broad pointed pen, graceful and 
easy to execute. The best letter known for engrossing natnes on diplooias, cards, Ac. 

No. 24. ROl'NDED GOTHIC. A white faced letter, with dark background and 
Howers. Klaborate and suited to costly engrossing. Two styles of finish shown. 

No. 25. ARTISTIC RUSTIC. Easy to execute, rapid, and the most artistic effect 
n rustic lettering yet produced. Money returned to anyone who will say that this plate 
isnot worth the price of the five. 

No. 2li. CAMEO. For neatness and artistic effect, combined with ease and rapidity 
of execution, this alphabet leads the world. Count this egotistic if you like after having 
examined the letters. 

No. 27. SCROU.INO LETTERS Two styles of scrolls with appropriate lettering 

and ornamentation. Very artistic, and, if we mistake not, will please admirers of pen-work. 

SINGLE No. 10c. THE FIVE No». 2.5c. 


BUSINESS WRITINi:. A Complete Course of Twenty-six Lessons in Business 
Writing, including all letters, figures and exe 
structions, written for each lesson and ex 
tion, with illustration, will be sent for $2. 

FLOURISHING. A Course of Twelve Lessons in Flourishing inelurting Principles, 
Birds, Eagle. Swan nnil prrls for practice, fresh from the pen. with printed instructions 
and positions for holding the pen illustrated, will he sent for $1. 

GOOD PENS. We are selling immense quantities of Gillott's (i04 E. F. Pens because 
they are the finest product of the best Pen Makers in the world, and gt' 

One gro. 

)grn. *l.."in. 

H. W. KIUBE, Utica, N. Y. 


Fine Card Writing. 

H.iving so many calls (or my cards, 1 will offer to 

write them as follo^vs : 
12 Cards, with your name written in several vari- 
eties of style 3CC 

t Set of OfT-Hand Capitals aoc 

I Elegantly Flonrished Bird a5C 

■■1 believe younc Behrensmeyer to be the best 
penman of his age in the world. If there is one to 
e<|ual him. I don't know it. Few of the professionals 
of to-dav can equal his cards and capitnls. A small 
will prove this to anyone. " — D. L, McsSEi,- 
MAN. Quincy. III. 

"Your writing is immense, and would put to shame 
many of the self-styled 'Champiyns.'"— W. H. 
PATHirK. Baltimore. Md, 

" I would give all 1 possess for such a cc 
" " " Kpsom, N. H. 

'■I have no hesital 
you the finest penman of vour age in tlie world." 
M. B. MooKE, Morgan. Ky. 
Address all orders to 


Gem City Business College. Quincy. 111. 
N. B.— Poslal Cards go to tlie waste basket. 

on la cards for 25 cts. ; 25 for 45 cts. ; better quality, 
12 for 30 cts. ; 25 for 55 cts. Small pieces flourishing. 
10 cts 3 for 25 cts. larger pieces, 25 cts. 10 $3.50, 

J. F. FISH, 

1440 Woodland Ave , 





Original in design and striking, bold and graceful 
in execution, will be sent this month for loc. Willi 
each of the first ten orders, when an extra stamp is 
enclosed, a beautifully written letter will be sei 
of charge. 

All kinds of pen-work promptly and aiiis 
executed. Instruction given by mail. Cards » 
in superior style. Let me hear from voii. 



Price of "Cuide." li.ic; "Pen Strokes.' 
15c.: "Chirographic Editors," 10c. ; Prize 
Specimens, 10c. ; Ornamental Specimens from 
the pen, 25c. When all are ordered ii 

515 East State Street. 

BUSINESS TRAINING. IT \'i, progressive mA thorough in all its appointments and department.^, and .s rapidly 
increasing in patronage and pooularity. The Business Fraeliee and Office Oepattmeiils are not equalled in Ohio or 
surpassed in America, and contain a more complete business training than the entire course of many business coll- 
eges that claim to be among the best. Send for Commercial World to McKee & Henderson, Oberlin, Ohio. 

THE OBERLIN COLLEGE WRITING DEPARTMENT '^"'^'"''"'yS School of Penmanship and Is without excep^^^^^^ 
the very be»l in America. Ihe specialty ol this school is leacheis'. Business Writers' and Pen Artists 1 raining. It also gives 
thorough drill on the Black Board. ... .n ^ i. 

OBERLIN ELECTIC SCHOOL OF SHORT HAND AND, TYPE WR ITU«jtj'cn, ties the best ^r^^^^ writ«» 
from 150 to 175 words a minute. Seud for " StbnoubaI'Hic » OKi.u," to McKtt & HENUKKSON, Obirlin, Ohio. 



live men in the profession everywhere are lending 
their »id, saying that such a work is needed, nnd will 
be of great vjlue to the penmanship public. A larger 

> present a short sketch of 

business cullege proprietor, every penman, and every 
student lo aid me in making the most complete 
work of the kind ever published. It cannot fail to 
benefit all whose names or sketches appear, for a 
large number will be printed and circulated eveiy- 
wherv, It shall be gotten up with a sole aim lo 
set forth the siateoflhe profession.Will you respond? 
In addition to sketch, any cut of penmanship, por- 
trait or autograph donated for that purpose, will be 
Help me to make it beautiful as well as 

To adv( 

rs A space will be reserved for choice 

No better medium can be found, 

work which will be kept for years. A 

ill be printed. All in all, you 

Ratks.— One inch, $2.c 

column, f 6.00 ; i column, $1000; i piige, $if 

Sixe of page about that of Western Penman. 

F. S. HEATH. Goss 




By H. J. Putman and W. J. Kinsley. 


The copies arc elegantly engraved on copper, print- 
heavy plale 

I'^norehash, There 
;venieen slips. These slips 

(giving c 

itha svork of this kind, 
laplers on ' ' Maien.ds," ' ' Position " 
Form," ■■ Movement," and "General 
wenty Ie33un$ niap|>cd out. 

■ Then 

The slips and " Instruction Book " 
n a neat and substantial case. 

PkoI' F S Hkath, Penman. Shaws Hi 
Portland, Me. —I am well pleased with i 

hav< t 

Prok. a, G. C 
Coll.— 1 was very 
the shps. They a 

on writing, send for a copy of the " Lessons" 

Price, FIFTY CENTS. St.imps not taken. 

Address cither of the places named below that i 


P. O. Box 787, Shenandoah. Iowa 
P. O. Box 186, MrNNEAi'OLi-s. Minn. 

Thomas Mansell 

Of ( 

k., would respecliully call the atien- 
lion ot all requiring Engravings and Illustrations ol 
any kind, to his facilities for the production of accu- 
rate and artistic Engravings from Drawings, PhotO' 
graphs. Prints and Sketches, The Plates art 
furnished in hard type metal and zinc, ready for the 
press, at lowest rates. Send stamp for specimen! 
and estimates. Pen Work a specialty. 




snmplit Otpy 

The business of EDl'CATINO FOB lUSINESS is here mode a constant theme 
of study. Our course U stripped of every needless theory, and includes only the 
of a useful training. Tliose interested in Mechanical or Architectural Drawing 

It is in charge of a practical drafts 
facilities THE BEST. One of oi 
equalled teaching talent, is 


superior penmen in our farulty. Whnt school can show 
:hirographic talent? Send for free copy of Umvkrsit^' ExI'ONem 
F. D. GORSLINE, President, 


Whose skill in nianaeinR Hie pen lias r,nni>n«nile.l Hie admirntion of tPTi. of thousands of pen- 
Of PENMANSHIP, where sludents are being enrolled from far and near in creat numlicrs. 
NolhniE but plain pennianaliip lauBbt. No flourishing allowed. The Michiean Business .lour- 
nal IS published and edited at this school, and is Ihe ,piciest periodical publislied in its line. 
'"*" ' " lalled by any other penman. 


be in the hands of every per-niaii 
for the learner, but maybe used 
Thousands of them have been sc 
.■orks on lettering piibJislied. 1 1 
Complete alphabets varjingin 

? a good leiterer. It is especially designed 
lyone. where correct forms are wanted, 
ore vahinble lo tlie student than all the 
road rard-board 

th thes , _ _ 

size. We pack it in a strong case and semi it post-paid for 50 c 

Address, H. W. KIBBE, 7 Hobart Stree 

Read a few of the Testimonials we are receiving from parties 1 

Your Magic Lettering Tablet c 

Uriah McKee, Oberhn. O. 

Your Lettering Tablet is received. I have given it 
a thorough trial and consider it perfect in every par- 
ticular. No penman can afford lo be without one. 
—J. A. Thomas, N. Winfield. N. Y. 

Your Lettering Tablet came to hand uninjured. 
Am well pleased with it. It is so plain that a child 
can form perfect letters with it.— O. W. Slusseb. 
Inglewood, Va. 

Your Magic Lettering Tablet came 10 hand in fine 
order. I think it a grand success.— W. M. W.vr- 

, work well.— C. D. Haw 

> of your Magic Lettering 
ry much,— G. H. Payne. 

I think the name, 
chosen. The ease 
unskillful penman < 

tering by its aid ^ 

I be made with it, and 

' Magic Lettering Tablet," well 
nd rapidity with which even an 
n execute regular, beautifullel. 
marvelous. — A. H. 

D, San Franci 
; Lettering Tablet and havegiven i 
inounce it a very valuable article, ai 
represented it.- B. R, Keith. Ke 

having hand; 
Sadawga, Vt. 

Your Magic Lettering Tablet received. 
))leased with it. Would not do without ii 

pleased wit 

The Lettering Tablet c 
Cresswell, la. 

Wright's Business Methods. 

lislied. It gives a succinct history of 
been employed, and one is required 
thereby doing the work of an expert ai 

s no regular book-keeper 


bo knew nothing about double 
e positions throughout the counli 
id becoi 

they began this course are now boldi 

ady a book-keeper follow its pre- 

hook-keepinp this ia the best self- 

deas thrown together cross-in-pile with meaning- 

lapropos to the subject labplled ■'Improved Book-keeping and Business 

e a lull-Hftdged expert. If vou v 
m tind. It is not borrowed idea 

Manual," but my own experience of twenty years as book-keepi_ _ . _ ^ _ 

instructor, hence it can be relied upon as being purely biisinesB-like and just what yoi 
Uissupplenientary to" WRIGHTS BOOK-KEEPING SIMPLIFIED,' taking up the 
where that valuable book lea' 

Handsomely boiind in Cloth, Price $1.50. If unsatisfactory, rettirn by fii-st mail ai 
your money will be refuiideil. 

P. A. WRIGHT. Author and Publisher, 
769 BROA DWAY. N. Y . 

generally good judges of strictly hrst-c 

iiing fluid, but b'ack India ink, 
- line black and sharp, for blue or light 
be reproduced. Few penmen know. 


Who Possess a Reasonably Good 

Degree of Skill in 


1 that 

May easily, honestly and speedily 
skill lo a Money Producing Capit. 
ing upon the following suggestions: 

Y'ou' possess a good hand-writing, 
doubtless know how you acquired it 
give buch directions and copies to others as 
shall ser^e to make the learner's road less be- 
set with ditlicuUies for him than it was for you. 
In every farming or village community there 
are a few young people who could be easily 
induced to take;a course of lessons by mail, 
if proper inducements were offered them. 
Yon can, with a very few dollars, thus found a 
school of penmanship by mail, and by issuing 
neat and attractive circulars, containing 
appropriate and well gotten up matter, address, 
ing them in yourbeststyleof penmanship, and 
sending them to all of your interested acquaint- 
ances and earnest young'nien and women .school 
teachers and others, whose addresses are casilv 
obtained, you can, in a short time, enroll as 
many students in your Fireside Penmanship 
Academy as are in attendance at many of our 
leading commercial schools. This will not 
only pay you tinancially, but will give you 
valuable experience in teaching and a reputa' 
tion upon which to build future achievements. 

We shall be glad to assist any young pen- 
man who may conclude to try this plan, in 
writing up attractive circulars or advertising 
matter, and. to our readers and friends, will 
make but a trifling charge for our service? 
We have done considerable work of this kind, 
and have always given satisfaction. If you 
wish our assistance in this line, please write us 
giving particulars and we shall be pleased tu 
give you our best efl'orts and lowest rates. All. 
correspondence and work of this nature is 
considered btrictly confidential. Let tis hear 

Your friend, 

W. D. Showaltbh. 
Editor Pen ArtHerai,ii. 
Cleveland. Ohio. 

And penmen generally, who may need our 
services or aid in getting up attractive adver- 
tising matter, are invited to correspond with us. 
e ",'*'< nad a large experiem-'e in Lit ih work 
and feel confident we can please you. 

Cuts and engravings or electros of same may 
be ordered through us and the lowest rates 
secured, consistent with the best work that 
can be obtained. 

Write us for •' anything you wish in our 

W. D.Sbo 


Lessons in Pen Art by mail. 3 mos. course, Writ- 
ing or Flourishing. $a.oo. One lesson every week. 
New students every mail. Test order, all kinds of 
work, 25c. 4 designs flourishing, size 10XI3, in India 
ink. 50c. The ist and every 5th one sending an 
will receive an elegant India ink design, size i 
"5 kindsof work." Successful ones will be published 
in Herald. Try me and send to-day. 

D. E. BLAKE, Galesburg, III. 
Circulars, etc., 2c stamp. L. B. 472. 


A II LuWl 1 
Of New Harrisburg O is another young n 


successful competitors of 

60 cents, or for 05 cents ir 
G. BIXLER, Wooster, < 

^0 ^llp'Jii^^WUH^ 


Monthly, Vol. I. 


No. 10. 


Altluiiigh iniiicipally kiiDwii us u 
BrsiNEss Edi'cator, of the sturdily 
cultured sort, Prof. C. Bayless oV 
of Dobuque, Iowa, is, in fact, a many- 
sided, largely versatile gentleman, wliu 
can talk practical or ornaiiieiilal pcn- 
nmnsliip to a class of pupils and who 
can fill the pulpit of the Presbyterian 
elder; who can detect an error in a 
trial balance in less than five minutes 
and in business and social habits or 
customs in still less time; who can 
talk church, conducta prayer meeting, 
make a speech or tell a story; conduct 
a complete and successful school of 
business and ex|)lain and illustrate 
the relative merits of pencil and ma- 
chine stenography, with seemingly 
eijnal facility and adeptness. 

Naturally of an industrious, perse- 
vering, acquiring stock, he has culti- 
vated such a level head for business, 
such well balanced views on themes of 
human import, and such an unflinch- 
ingly honest and open-hearted nature, 
that t he universal respect of thoS(. 
who pass his way is his rightful inher- 

Prof. Bayless, as we have known 
liim for some ycai-s, is a tall, I'etined, 
impulsive and conscientious man 
the very soul of life, earnestness 
and broadly conservative in mo-l 

No one envinces 
interest in the young men of oui- 
country and calling than Prof. Bay- 
less. A ymmg penman, ambitious 
to find the coveted trail of success — to 
many, THE lost trail — never seeks 
or heeds his counsel in vain cu- with- 
out profit. 

In our roun<l of ac((Utiintances feu 

ntelligent Prin. 


With reference to the alphabet, 
theappearanceof which, in theAugnst 
numberof the Penman's Art Journal 
has drawn out the criticism of some 

oi- ho 


school i.s always prosperou*^ and i*. 
so bi'cause it always deserVe'* pi os 
perlty. His home is one ot the 
pictures whicli linger in the mnid- 
of all so fortunate as to be a gut-i 
there. Its easy luxury of appoint 
ment is second only to the heait 
touching cordiality of its host and 
hostess, and the merry talk ot 
little Birdie, a bright eyed, precocious 
young lady of about six or seven cal- 
endars and the dignified, polished 
presence of Vincent, a quiet, culti- 
vated young man of twenty-three, 
now a law student in the University 
of Michigan, lend beauty to the 
atmosphere of that model home. 

characters present so many elements 
which enter into the preacher's, the 
poet's and the bible's ideal of a man. 
A steadfast friend to the Herald. 
he encourages our work by material 
and ethereal aid, subscribers and ad- 
vice. He has faith in our success and 
does his part to insure it. 

ot our brother penmen, I wish to say 
that I do not see in what sense it can 
be properly termed H. C. SpencerV 
Alphal)et. The plate there repre- 
sents the firet choice of a ruling per 
cent, of the fifty penmen, who had 
reported to Mr. Spencer at the time 
he submitted his report to the Busi- 

ness Educator's Association , or at 
least forms upon which' the largest 
number agreed as being their first 
choice, and hence whatever merit 
the alphabet possesses, touching the 
■<t) le of letters represented, must 
necessarily redound to the honor of 
the penmen who submitted their 
reports, and, too, ikey must be 
accounted responsible for wlintever 
inconsistencies appear therein. 

To reap a full benefit of a consid- 
eiation of this subject, we recommend 
the reader t() refer to the August 
number of the Journal and observe 
the foims given: and if his is the eye 
ot an artist, he willseeat a glance that 
theie IS certainly a lack of unity in 
the alphabet, especially in the capi- 
tal ''tem letters. But what does this 
condition signify? 'To my mirul it 
■(imply justifies the conclusion that 
theie !•-, on the part of a majority of 
the penmen who reported their choice, 
a latk of due appreciation of unity 
ni the exercise of individual t.iste in 
modif\ ing forms. Then Mr. A's 
taste nniy lead him to adopt certain 
modifications of the capital "I" for a 
rapid business hand, and for the same 
purpose lie uses a capital "G" the 
modifications of which are not in har- 
mony with those of the capital "* I " 
and so in Mr. A's alphabet may be 
f(mnd the basis of a dozen distinct al- 
phabets, eacli of which if constructed 
would be liarmonious in itself, but at 
variance with each other. An illus- 
tration of this incongruity of styles 
may lie found in the two letters 
ju^t mentioned in tlic plate refer- 
led to alsoobvei\( B and K of the 
same plate 

I do not letogni/c thisalplialict 
as healing the approval of the 
leadnigot to da\ neither do I un- 
dei'.taud it a*» coming under a 
letommemlatiou of Mr. .Spencer 
a-- a --tiindaid to be universally 
atlopted a> businc-'< forms. It is 
gudi as a letult of his effort to 
pif-ent torni'* representing the firet 
thoice of the piofession, and judg- 
ing from the lesult it is clearly 
evident that all of those who submitted 
their choice have not reached the pin- 
acle of pei-fection in the broad field of 
harmony and unity of forms. 

If Mr. Spencer's philanthropic na- 
ture should materialize as a benefactor 
to the profession by presenting plates 
representing the fii*st, second and third 


the: f*en=art herald. 

choice »f the iifty i; 
cated their jirefer) 

I imagine 

store for us iit the expense of some of 
the i»tai"s of chirographic fame; hut as 
the undertaking wouhl he an expen- 
sive one they are douhtless protected. 
I feel that he shouhl he commended, 
liowever, for opening a channel 
through which so many of our penmen 
may reach a higher development of 
good taste, and the attainment of a 
greater degree of consistency in the 
adaptation of forms to tlie laws of 
balance and rnoti))ii witlioiit destroy- 
ing unity. 


We have chusen, a.> an illustration 
in busines.s writing for this month's 
issue, and as 11 valuahle and suitable 
copy for practice by students, the 
Business Form, given on this page, 
the original copy for which a tliorough 
hu8i7ie8s man aud a fine husiness 
writer, IMr. L. L. Williams, Presi- 
dent Business Educators Association 
of America, has the honor of having 

We suggest tliiit the student rule 
his practice paper suitable tor the 
copy, and endeavor to make every ef- 
fort a successful one. This will aiford 
you practical practice outside the 
writing di-ill. There is little use of 
practicing writing with a position of 
body and limbs which prevents a 
free and and unhindered use of the 
writing muscles. Due attentinu 
to prelinuuiirie.s should always be 
given, followed by continual repe- 
tition and never-give-uj) effort to 
acquire just what your better 
judgement tells you is Bienlness 

Write tiie copy not less than 200 



^^nipliif spirits run at inw ehb, \vc 
lire formiiiji tlie Itabit of opcninjr n 
<lra\vor in wliicli we timl ii iipnt |Ku-k,.t 
,>f cnpy-pcnntan^hip, pirp;,,,,! I„ 
Ihc iuliiiinvlilo ponniiiii, I'ml'. W . II. 
I'iitricli, B.iltimurc, .Mil.. »li.. ml\\.r- 
tises tliis self sHine set in tiiis issue 
at it very reusunnble rate. Penmeu 
as H-ell as students slumlil have them. 

Tlu' .Me.i.lville. Pa., Business (;,)|. 
lege favors us with an elegant eard 
of invitation to the 23rci Aiuuial 
Coinineneenient of that institution, 
irany tlninks, and ()ur regrets; an edi- 
tor rarely travels, you know, as 
iiasst's are out of date. 


K. Campberl, Oberlin, 0. 


H. Spexcek,* All)anv, N. Y. 


jr. Weixer, So. Whitlev, Ind. 


W. Bi.osEK.* Delaware, (). 


S. Heath, (iossville. X. H. 


.'i. Ki.MBAi.L. Delaware, (). 


NiasoN,* Cleveland, (). 


E. Netti.etox,* St. Louis, JIo. 


J. (inAci:, Cleveland, <). 


A. Hakmo.n,* Ft. Worth, Texas 


J. SiMfKlNs,* Cleveland, 0. 


W. Pattox,* Olean, X. Y. 


J. KiiETciisiKK, Cleveland, (). 


A.DiiAKE,* Erie, Pa. 


T. LooMis,* Cleveland, (). 


L. Glick,* Grand Kapids, Mieh 

L. M. Kkm-iinkr* Cleveland, O C. A. Fai-st, Chicago, Ills, 

to tin.' K-litur i)f "I'oii and Art llcmld." 

Stratford, May 10, '-sw. 
I)i:ar Srii: 

My offer of ten dollars 
u niontli ago for the best specimen 
I'f pcnnmnship sent to me, has not 
<!illcd out the responses I would like 
In sec. The month has expired and 
I am in receipt of only five letters 
I think jienmen cannot reasonably 
object to my jiostptming the closing of 
the competition for fifteen days in or- 
der to give some who nuiy not have ob- 
served my offer, a chance to comjiete. 
Theoffei-'is HONA-FIDK :nid monev 

Vnur> truly, 

\i. .1. Kmmti.. 
Stralfonl. Oiitarin. Camula. 

* during the 


measure the nature of each eft'ort 
that the next shall be a big step 
ahead. Do not make a slow mo- 
tion; use the pen with dexterity, 
but allow your.self to become so 
familiar witli the territory over 
which the Inisincss writer's mind 
.and pen must gli<h' that not an 
illegible letter miiy U- fnund in 
your page. 

Acquire that sort of hand-writ- 
ing whidi is not frigliteued away 
■when you arc compelled to double 
your speed. Get that style for 
which business men will give von 
i^a^h, hif/oof/h/hulktt. 



--,., jS/^:,^uJ^/iL^^r;^-"-^'''. ;■■■ 

tration Irnni tlio new work oa "Granuanr uml Cotniiositioa, 
ten liy a lO-.nallior nt Hull e-veelleiil lionk, I'rof. L. L. Williil 

i/f c! 

.t /// 

^ y.j 



C i 

wliieli n 
■, N. Y. 


' tlie cop 
as, Rocb 

y to 


Cms. WiM.i.Kss. Pittsliuigh. Pa. 
.1. C. SuM.isn, Buflalo, X. Y. 
11. A. .-^Toi.i.vKli.* Hoek ford. 111. 
\V. J.,* Stnitfonl. Out. 
,1. M. Laxtz, Eniniittsliuigh, Md. 

C. L. BHl.MilAi.T.. St. Paui, Minn. 
F. D. GoHsi.ixi;,* Cleveland, O. 

B. C. W.Miii,* Davenport, la. 

D. E. Bi.AKK.Galeslmrgh, Ills. 

C. C. FliKSfH,* I)iituii|ue, Iowa. 

C. S. CllAi'MAX,* Dcs Moines, Iowa. 

M.Sayre,. Cleveland.!). 


.1. W. Ekxest, Elmore, O. 

V. H. CuKiKR, Whitewater, Wis. 

W. A. HoKi'.MAX,* Chieiigo, 111, 

.1. T. Peruv, Degognin, III. 

E. C. HAfKETT, Oregon City, Ore. 

D. L. Sto1)i>ahi>, Colorado Citv,Col. 

C. H. Hisc'iiEv,* Ukiah City, Cat. 

P. T. Bextox,* Iowa City, Iowa. 

.1. (i. IIah.mison,* Lexington, Ky. 

L. H. HAtsEMAX, Ft. Seott, Kas. 

K. C. M<iXK, Alto, Texas. 

!•:. .1. KxElTl,, Stratford, Out. 

O. C. Dorxey,* Allenton; Pa. 
C. E. MflvEE,* Columbus, O. 
A. G. CoxRol),* Atehinson Kan. 
H. W. Becker* York, Neb. 
E. L. BtuXETT,* Providenee, R. I. 
G. B. JoSES, Roehester, N. Y. 
CllAS. O. MEtx,* Memphis, Tcnii. 
^Connected with Business College. 

This list will be eontinued in oiii 
next issue. 

Send in 
culled froi. 



The editor of the Heraed is 
but II young man , yet he has had 
.several suceessful years of school- 
room experience, aud has studied, 
devised, experimented, searehed, 
dreamed of and delved in the mines 
of thought for new ideas, practical 
methods and effective \mys of 
teaching writing. 

As a result, many lively and 
successful methods have found 
access to his store-house of mental 
ilainties, and as some of them are 
of such a nature that they cannot 
well be presenteil in the Herald, 
the editor will tell of them in a 
series of twelve corresiiondence 
lessons, or twelve letters, to any 
penman wlio is in earnest aliont 
his work and of an inquiring mind, 
lor a dollar, and twelve stamps. 
ile t.i.,lav. 

W. I). SllOWAI.rKK. 

During the last few months we 
have prepared copy for circulars and 
advertising matter for a nuniher of 
young penmen. During the sumuier 
months we shall lie prepared to do 
considiu-alilc more of this work at low 
rates. Write iis for what voii wish, 
and we'll try to you. Wc un- 
derstand about the nalui'e of attractive 
[lennianship advertising, and will 
iruarantee to meet vour wishes. 


Prof. H. B. PARSONS. 

The Hkh.u.d's fnmilv iiicliulc." 
Ininilreds of bright nnmcs,— nnme.< 
\\ liich nre syiionomous with progrcs." 
Ill |ipiinuiiishii)im(l ])rartiral cduciuioii ; 
vet among tliu long list, none sliine 
with a more licnlthy lustre than that 
of I'rof. H. B. Parsons, Principal of 
tluZanesvillc, Ohio, Business College, 
a >peciinen of whose penmanship lends 
artistic jiolish to the third page. 

Onr knowledge of Prof. Parsons, 
aside from a professional ae<iuain- 
lanceship, is limited, but we have 
every rea.son to believe that his life, 
in asocial way, is f idly as refined as is 
his skill in penmanship. 

The Profe.s.sor has lately executed 
some of the finest and most elaborate 
pieces of engrossing feu- the (i. A. R. 
which are to be found in the lists of 
l)en-art productions. 

The photos advertised in this issue 
are treasuies of which tlie penTuan- 
ship stutleut may well he proud. We 
would not part with those in our 
posession for many times the price 
asked for them. 

His engrossing style has more 
originality and personality in it than 
that of any pen-artist with whose pro- 
ductions we are familiar. 


of the iact 


That Krcd H. Criger, White 
Wis., is, to put it as mildly a.s our 
enthusiasm over his penmanship will 
allow, a magnificent writer, or 

That W. H. Patrick's pen-work is 
Pl'HE ool,l), or 

That R. .S. Collins is waylaid with 
orders for his picture-like work, ur 

That E. J. Knietl will aniionnce 
the winner of the Sit) pri/.c in inn- 
.June issue, or 

That E. L. Brown ou-lit to adver- 
tise his iiennninshii), m- 

That A. E. will ap|)ear 
in the Hkr.vld'.s photograph and 
biograph album soou, or 

That a penman's art collection is 
behind the times without tlic photos 
of pen-work advertised liv jfr. H. 
B. Parsons, or 

That future nundiers .,f lli,' lli;n. 
.VI.U will he brighter and better In 
proportion as you drop In tin- doU:lr^ 

and subscribers nn)rr anil ri' fn-. 

queutly, or 

That Webster's article in Ibis issue 

Would be 

injustice to those 


A young man with an excellent 
general education, and a first-class 
teacher, will be ready to accept a posi- 
tion as .><teuographer, Type-Writer 
and teacher of the popular Eclectic 
Shoit-hanil, at an early date. Corre- 
spondence solicited., 

Pex-Art Herald, Cleveland, I). 


The Pen-Art Herald 

A .M.,.,11, 

■ ,l,„„„ 

' ■■< '■'" "1''"".'l"«-- 



Si,ly ctiil. for ym,. .Si.iilc 

.. Ttn cent. cneh. 

Iii<n pnflnliintcennbcabtttiiii'il 


■till bo mndo by Ponnl Nate or 
inlorerl Letter. 

1 inoh. 1 month. «2. 
3 ■' 1 •■ i. 

14 col.. 1 ■■ 8. 

ntha. 95. 1 yonr. »12 

with but trifling inconvenience to them 
selves, they could obtain, daily, 
plimpses of that world, for nsefnlness 
in which , they pretend to educate their 
students. The Bu:siness College and 
business world are too widely separated. 
They should I>e introduced, and culti- 
vate an intimate acquaintance, which 
in time will he sure to ripen into real 
friendship, and finally, the school may 
become the hcf/ining of businefin 
life, not a mere isolated factor. 

it if we were able, and when we tell 
prospective students and the public 
about it, we have the ideal in our 
mind, and not the real. The result 
is dissatisfaction among patrons, the 
most direful seal of death that could 
be stamped on a school; for when a 
student pays his tuition and is usher- 
ed into the cold, chalk-dusty and in 
some cases, dismal study hail, and is 
given in charge of a tired sort of a 
teacher, who is too busy to give him 

Our action in discontinuing the 
recent WKEKLv edition of the Herald 
and in again reverting to the old 
nthly, may seem, to many of our 
readers, rather pecuUar. The only 
explanation necessary to be made is, 
that the wkkki.v was not a success; 
we fought hard for it, and \\fn\ im- 
plicit faith in its ultimate triumph, 
but after losing considerable money, 
jialronagc and good will of many of 
our adherents, we concluded that, for 
the sake of our banlly attained rejiu- 
tation in the jiennianistic field, we 
must acknowledge our mistake and 
try to i-eotify it. Accordingly, we 
continue the old MoXTiiLV, drop the 
WKKKhY, and promise a far better 
periodical than ever before. 

Now that we are showing ourselves 
anxious to meet your wishes, may we 
not have some tangible showing of 
your ai)])reciation each nu)ntlr;:' 

Is there not some way in Mhich you 
can aid this paper? Have you friends 
or iMipils who wcndd be benefited by 
the Hi:it.\Li)'s rays of .sun.-'hine? And 
will you not take a half hour of your 
lime this aftcrno(m and sec about it? 

Have you not some business or 
arlicle which it would pay you to 
advertise? And will you not favor 
us with that part of your patronage ? 

AVe shall be glad to hearfrom every 
reader (d* the Hkrald during the 
month of May. and wliether you are 
able to send iis aid or kind words, 
write u> itml we shall indeiinitelv 

Principals of Commercial Sclioois 
should make it a point to personally 
investigate the abilities of a man be- 
fore engaging him to teach in their 
institutions. Too often superficial 
qualifications pass for genuine busi- 
ness and teaching ability. 

Principals, furnish wliat you invari- 

passing attention, 
eccentricity of his raiment meets with 
the illy suppressed sneers of boisterous 
looking students, he does not retain 
his exalted idea of the commercial 
school, and is discouraged, under- 
values the real merits of the school; 
concludes lie has l)een grossly swindled 


• lebl 


Tlie great need nf the American 
liusiue>> College i,- Ti;Ariri;it>s; men 
wlio have not oidy that theoretical 
knowledge whicli is .so requisite in an 
instrnct()r. hut wlio have come in con- 
tact with iiUKiNKSM NKKDs, and know 
bow to minister to them. It is a dis- 
couraging fact that nuvny of those 
young men who compose the faculty 
of the average Husine.'<s College are 
ignm-ant of methoiLs of doing business 
and adhere, tenaciously. t<i the direc- 
tiims given in some text lujok, while. 


A number of Business Odlege 
papei*s come to our office, and we enjoy 
their perusal very much , yet there is a 
^reat amount of tlieir matter which 
is stereotyped and monotonous. We 
refer especially to the opinions of 
prominent people regarding the effi- 
cacy of a Business Education. Mr. 
Garfield's memorable address on this 
theme has been quoted until the pub- 
lic shuu it , and papers containing parts 
or the whole of it. Mrs. Stowe's ad- 
vice is only of a common-place .'*ort, 
but has been told by the whole round 
of school advertising sheets. Horace 
Greeley was excellent authority, but 
people are tired of his little verse 
about business education and his ini- 
imaginary son. Leonard Swett is 
more places than Chicago 
but his time-worn paragraph is noth- 
ing wonderful. 

If principals would think out some 
practical advantages of such a train- 
ing as their schools impart and state 
them in a concise, business-like way. 
it would be fully as convincing and 
would give the impression that those 
estimable people to whom reference 
is made have not catalogued all the 
IS which exist for obtaining a 


We give on the Hth page the first of 
a series of collections of autograph 
and card cuts. lu the 
center we have the attractive enve- 
lope beading of our friend, E. .F. 
Kneitl, Stratford, Out. The origl- 
mil was designed and executed in pen 
and ink work. It affords suggesstive 
ideas to those who wish to prepare 


cut little 
f. C. E. 

design from the i)en r.f 
McKee. Cohunbus, (.). 

Farley's signature will aifoi 
healthful practice in writing, as wi 
that of Prof. Collins. Faust's nan 
should be practiced witli the automat 
sluuling pen. 


ill 1 

advertise-the best talent you can 
It will pay you to make 
■ institution as good in reality as 
represented in your circular, 
ow easy it is to sit down and 
e up an attracrtive advertisement 
)iir school ! We all have superb 
Is of what we would like to make 


that no one else shall take 

he same step through his influenei-. 

Better plan— make your school cor- 

•espond with your ideal before ad- 

'ertising the ideal. 


I pleased with the May 

penmen and others who have not, as 
yet. subscribed for it and iu order to 
induce them to become membei-sof our 
family at once, we Ci)ntinue our ex- 
ceedingly lilwral premium offer of ii 
copy of the famed work, A Series of 
Lessons in Plain Writing, with a year's 
sulw ription to the Herald, for one 

Do you not find valuble features in 
this nundier? Some marked improve- 
ments are now in couri^e of prepai*a- 
tion and, candidly, you cannot do 
yoni-scif ju.stice and do without future 
issues. Let us bear from vovi ! 


If this item is nnirked 
scription expires with this 
unless your renewal is pre 
will miss the best i.ssne yet 1 
the next one ! 



AiiiDiig the .-^tiuients of the OUi.i 
Business Vniversity of this city, we 
have found, to our gratification, at 
least four who esjjecially excel in pen- 
manship, the work of almost any one 
of whom would do proud honor to 
many professional teachers with whose 
skill we are acquainted. 

In the preparatory business depart- 
ment, for instance, over in a secluded 
8ecti<m sits young P.J. Seiberth, a 
lad of fifteen, who uses the oblique 
holder dexterously, and is an indus- 
trious fellow, bound for the top in 
penmanship circles. Of course he is 
one of the Herald'h large family 
and admires the paper very much. 

Hre deserving of especial mention, but 
as the Hkrald is not a local paper, 
we cannot give the space. 

Such penmanshii) items as are de- 
serving of a place in our Business 
College department are earnestly 
solicited from penmen in schools 
where the Heualu circulates. En- 
courage your pupils, boys, by spread- 
ing the intelligence of their progress 
before thousands of other workers in 
all parts of the continent. 


In !i leufrthy review <.f ilu' various 
onimendable features of the Green 
Jay, Wis., Business College, a local 

A crisp and newsy sheet is the 
School VUitor, Madison, Wis. 
We always like to see it among our 
morning mail. Prof. J. C. Proctor, 
associate editor, is a skilled penman. 

The Business Educator, edited 
and published by Johnson, Perrin & 
Osborn, Buffalo, N. Y., is a spicy 
and well edited journal, and we regret 
that its visits are so far apart. It is 
a quarterly. Many si>icy items are 
contained in the April number. 

** * 

The Practical Educator, by 

Armstrong Si Wesco, Portland, Ore., 

is a truly valuable sheet and contains 

some of the finest specimens of orna- 

Kas,, sends us its second nunibe 
We like it and predict that the pel 
men will nil do likewise, when tin 


Tlie HERAi.i) has in preparation 
one of the finest pen-art volumes 
ever conceived, "Our Profession and 
its Representatives." The work will 
be on a unique plan and will be duly 
announced later. Any penman desir- 
ing to be represented in it may have 
a special descriptive circular by ad- 


/^, //-f? 



Passing up-stairs we find Mr. C. 
W. Treat ilashing off a style of writ- 
in^r whicli stumps him as a penman, 
and one nf .-itrikinp talents and skill. 
We hope to present him and some of 
the beautiful forms which flow froin 
his pen to our family in a more for- 
mal manner at an early date. 

Miss Alva Waltz, already jjresen- 
ted to our friends througli the weekly 
Hekali), is one of the finest lady 
writers in the country, and has decid- 
ed art talents With a little more 
practice, her work will closely resem- 
ble that of Miss Nintin. 

Young Mr. C. H. Gerhan writes a 
hand that partakes of the penmanis- 
tic flavor, and does him much credit. 

There are others, in the school, who 

paperof that city, refers to our accom- 
plished friend,' Prof. E. F. Quintal, 
in a highly complimentary 

The Educational Journal 
Clinton, lowa.contains an interesting 
sketch and a striking portrait of the 
renowned business educator, Prof. 
Cornelius Bayless, Dubuque, Iowa. 
The last number will he appreciated 
and preserved by hundreds for this 
one feature, but aside from this it is 
full of good things, among which may 
be found a notice of the Hkkald. 

The York Business College, Yorl 
Neb., is endorsed in strong tern 
by the press of that city. It is 
deserving institution. 

mental pen-work we have ever seen. 

The AUentown. Pa., Commercial 

College publishes a eommendable and 

readable periodical. Pruf. Oorney 

assists with the editorial sliears. 


The Western Penman is surely 
one of the most attractive periodicals 
in its line in the matter of cuts. 
Three very handsome portraits adorn 
the last number. 

GaskeWs Magazine \» one of 
our favorite periodcals. We always 
rejoice to grasp its thoughts as served 
up by the versatile Scarboro. 

The Writijif/ Master, Winfield, 


In our next issue, wi' uxpcct U> 
begin a series of ten editorial articles 
under the above caption . drawing from 
our own actual experience before the 
black-board for the methods and facts 
embodied, and from a turbulent 
imagination for the literary embellish- 
ment. We shall aim to make them as 
novel and vaiuable as possible and we 
think our readers will find something 
to quicken the teaching pulses in 
every article. 

Notice Byrne's letter on this page. 
It is not hand engraved, but repre- 
sents photo-reproduced writing. 


XLa^ssoxi ixi X>^xixxk.a.nsliix>. 


Let the sttuient seat, himsell', in I'l'onl position, at a table of con- 
venient lieiKlit, winch must vavv according to the jieight of a person. 
I'liR-e tlie chuir well l>aclc frum the table, and sit as far buck in it as 

ni.^ililr riacc ihr Irri linnlv mi llie Ihior. the lel't a little in ad- 
' ■ v;in,-e (if the ri^'lil. <■. Ih;il the will be sclrsiipiHirting. 
Never pile the feet up, for this 
ilirows the balancing of the 
bndv on the arms. Incline the 


tani Willi ii.ii 
rronl of villi Ml I hat lln/.v Imn 
with the point of the elbow- 
the table. Arrange the pa- 
per in line with the right arm. 
The weight of this arm -limiM 
rest liihtlv on the iiiu-rl,. 
in front of the elbow, ami 
th:i.t ot the hand on llir nail 
which should be drawn back di 
The pen is held, li;;lillv. with tl 
crossing the : 
placed on to, 

thonl cu 

■viniithe back 

-III at a 

distance Irom 

1,1 r 1 

en inches dis- 

-anil- 111 

the table in 

Ir, iir a 

quare corner. 

111^ ilM-1 

tin- edge 01 

ctly iiniler the palm ol" the hand, 
thumb and first and second fingers. 
t Hie roots of the nail. The i'orefinp;er is 
one and a foiu-th inches Irom the 
poinl of the pen in the medium 
sized liand, and the end of the 
tliumb is placed airainst tlie side 
(if lH)ld..'r. opi.d^ite 'the first joint 


and second fingers 
ward anil downwa 
holder mav drop ji 
paper of a'lmut lo, 
nient used in wiii 
and finger, yet xn 

■muscniar. In learnini: 
best to discard the finger 
menl eiitireiv until voi 
obtained a good knovvkd 

and tlu- wrist clear the paper bv 
ut least half an inch. The first 
hould be curved enough to admit of a free up- 
movement of the pen. Tiie upper part of the 
1 liclou Ihe knuckle and stand at an angle to the 
ll\f t|r-!ves. Without doubt the best move- 
:: I- ;i < crii hination of the muscular, or forearm. 




a\ thi 



the pen by means ol the (on-a 

on the muscle near the elljfiw, 

pen. The arm should not slide on fhe desk, but 

and the ends of the third and fourth fingers sli 

e arm. with a rest 
leielv to hold the 
II on the muscle. 
Id go through the 
same iiiniion as that of the point 
of 111,. |.,-n. ihai IS, if the nails 
lit ill,' iliinl and fourth fingers 
were inked, I hey should pro- 
duce the same letter as that 
formed by the pen. Finger 
iserving the working of the thnmb 
position as directed, and practice 
1-1 half an hour. The motion mtiy be regu- 
ilii- downward movement and two for the 
iiariue the small and capital letter exer- 
cises as presented, using perfect freedom'of movement in every 
stroke. At least ten minutes of every hour's work for the nest two 
weeks should be spent in practicing tlie oval e.xercise. both with and 
without shades. It is better pra.lioe than a letter, as your attention 
will not be so alismlinl in iK liiiiii as in forget the movement. 

Never comnKiH !■ a 1. -.nn «iil i ilic full determination of stick- 
ing to it until soiiirilnirj I- ,1, rMiiiiili>lied. and never leave a copy 
until you can see .-.unie iniprov.nieiit. 

This outline lesson in writing we hope will be of service to some 
one, and inspire him to decide, at least in favor of a good business 



On the subject of tencliiiig writing, 
.■^oine intensely bombastic penman may 
deride us for extending .such an invi- 
tation; arguing that the subject is 
worn threadbare. Perhaps; and in a 
greater degree nil the themes touching 
on human welfare are worn tliread- 
Imre, but they still agitate the minds 
of thinkei-s. While the teaching of 
business writing, and the results of 
such teaching, remain so fearfully 
clou<led in error, and so extremely un- 
satisfactory, we feel that methods need 

Those of our readei-s desiring excel- 
lent scrap-bouk specimens, or artistic 
card-work, should invest all the spare 
nickels in their possession in securing 
this talented pen-wielder to do the 
work. Prof, Fish holils a very resi»n- 
sible teaching position in our city, and 
is very successful in his vocation. 


Ot our proteRsion, Principal Robert C. 
Spencer, of Milwaukee. Wis., is iu 
hearty sympathy with the Hekalu's 
mission, and wishes it vuiliniited suc- 
cess. In fact, the sages of penman- 
istie fame are fast rallying to the aid 
of the Herald, reeognixing that it is 
on the "Inside Track." A few are 
still outside the widening circle, "The 
latch-string" awaits your touch. Ad- 
mission fee 60 cents. 


Miss Xiutin's copy for her lessoi 
proved too pale for phnto-reprodiic 
tion. consequently is delayed. 

Vrof. J^. K. Bartow, late ProtWoi 

nental i)eunmnship 
los--^ Vnivemty, u!" 
• to ButTalo, to lie- 

We would like to give the ideiis and 
methods of a dozen practical teachers 
on this theme at an early day. Com- 
pres.«your ideas into a thousand '*ems," 
frien<ls, and come on to the Heraij)'s 
composing rooms with them. It's for 
the general good. 

n* readers, 
imen. and 

Whose ])en-work may b 

at very fair rates by all of 

is one of America's Btjir P 

is one of the most reliable and prompt 

of the business men with whom we 

have to do. 

of plain and orni 
in iheOhi.i Busi 
this city, has goi 
cept tt position in the American Busi- 
ness College, a new. incorporated 
school, under the direction of the 
l)usiue9s men of that city. Mr. Bar- 
tow is a special friend of ours, and 
has our hearty wishes f()r a brilliant 
success in the new tield. 

The editor of the Hekai.!* will de- 
vote a part of his time to the discharge 
of the duties of Prof. Bartow's vacaiit 

We are indebted to Prin. R. C. 
Spencer, Milwaukee, Wis., for a copy 
of the proceedings of the last B. E. A. 
of A., held in the rooms of his institu- 
tion last summer. It makes an exceed- 


young l)usiiie.s.< writers is Mr. Jesse 
Overlock. Uockport, Me. 

K. L. Brown, of the above city, i.- 
another of Maine's good penmen. 

Thos. Mansell of Chester, Va.. is ti 
good practical penman, and does good 

A photo of a uui(iuc pen-drawing is 
in our hands, the work of the Iowa 
pen-artist. Prof. C. K. Jnucs, of 

The \\ritinf/ Tta.-lwr. Kiel.- 
mond, Va., has met with simic finan- 
cial embarassmeut and, for a time, is 
suspended. Editor Williamson has 
our best wishes for rcncwcfl pros- 

R."S. Bonxdl, Chicago, is a . -skilled 
copper plate engraver. Smne work 
(Uine for us recently is excellent. A 
comprehensive and copi()Usly illustra- 
ted lesson on practical writing, from 
this master of his calling, will appear 
in an earlv issue. 

ingly valuable volume. 

Mr. G. S. Furguson, Galesburg, 
Kan., is the possessor of a marked de- 
gree of pen-skill in the automatic line. 
Bergunin's Pen-Guide isan ingenious 
aid to correct pen-holding. We have 
a few for sale at 10c each. 

Our esteemed friend, J. M. Lantz, 

I Ennuittsburg, Md., is a fine penuum 

; and a fine young man. We ctnnmend 

I those who wish lessons by nnul to this 

successfid voung teacher. 


Sometimes, as in the Herald's case, 
it is the part of wisdom to return to the 
old order of things;to travel the old road 
to the assured destination of success. 

Such are Brother Scarhoro's views. 
With the May i.-sii. tin- M x^.a/im; is 
changed back to ilir [ia[i'-i •<\\\ "i which 
it grew— The Pl,^^r.^.^^ <■ v/ihe, 
Many friends of the old peiiodiLul will 
rejoice inits second birth; while many 
of us will miss the Magazine sadly. 
We arc content, however, no matter in 
what f(»nu they appear, as long as Scar- 
boro's flashes of wit greet us monthly. 



Who Possess a Reasonably Good 
Degree of Skill in Pen- 

' lie liaci iiiid II 
na-lm!f less 

ntlier schnoi. 
Ill' wiil ^ivf yon sui'iirislngly Low '1 

oeipt nf n stnmp. 

Emn-iiitsburg, Md. 

Both complete in One Volume of nearly 300 pages. - $2.50. 

BOOK-KEEPINO SIMPLIFIED iimliuiis fill tin- niks uiid forma of doublo entry, 
'thu M full Firt uf blinks »illi the I'litrii^ nrniicrly uiiiilc, t.'X|ilaiiiiiiK t.'vi.'ry ilctiiil rrom the opening to 

the other h Hucceesfnl 
duiuR which he »ooii i 
keoiierg who knew tkj 
ntions- Hook- keeper 



• u,.\,m„ MNir, lu»i.n<l||iil<liu||iitlis< 

, , .t tl,. |,,,, I,,. .•,„„ n numbor i 

' ' ' ! ■ ,'.'''i'iiinc'l1't{i'yVi'llb 

ivince yuu thiit theif b, I... i 

A A. WRIGHT, 769 Broadway. N. Y. 

Coniponiliuin the. heavy. unriileiJ 
prisiug thv moat Titluuble riickut 
ttleaii inspinitioii luiil InHlruction 

'''s"m."pi)Vi,.aid. t' 

nickyt froui «bich I 



By H. J. Pulman ami W. J. Kinsley. 
Second edition now ready, 


" e [iiieit kind _. ..., 
D rehash. 

t bound nii(i nro nil < 

Riieil kind ai \ 
lips. Theses 

' to n£ooini>any 

' lire enclosed 

, .V S. Business 


!d tlie 

PTTTT t-'oumoofwriliiiK 1..",.,,. Kv m,.il for 
lUdoys I will send » li-ir-T.-r ..t .Miiitnl.^ 

cards for 28c. K. S. 

Fine Card Writing, 

ilU for my cnrdn, I v 
e them as follows, 

ISetof Off-Hand( 

"t have no hesitation, wbate 
Tou the fineRl penman of your i 
M. R. MonHK. Moreau.Ky.. 

Address lill arden to 

liem City llusiness roUege, I 
\. B. -Postjil Curds go to tl 

W. H. Patrick, 


i™«i.„F,... Baltimore, Md. 

Five more Plates of Kitlje's Alriiabets 

and positions Tor lloldill^' 
■ GOOD PENS. WeareBelllii 
tliey are Hie finest iiiociuct of 

Address, H. W. KIBBE, Utica, N. Y. 


Professional Cards. 

F. S. Hkath, publisher Penman's 
Directory, Gossville, N. H. Appro- 
priate matter for publication solicited. 

S. E. Bartow, professional penman 
and card writer. Order work of all 
kinds solicited. Prices for a stamp. 
American Busine^ College, Buffalo, 
N. Y. 

W. D. Showaltkr, editor Pks- 
Art Herald, Cleveland. O. Assist- 
ance rendered young penmen and 
others who wish to puolish circulars of 
lessons by mail, cards, etc., as well as 
neral penmanship advertising'. 

-*hyslcal T « ni, 

s, oraoUirg 


and Fine Art School 


liAnJarpflny ^crii^iiu Iflv a '^nfla! 

C. p. ZANER, 


tngniBsniir and Ornainentiil P«nman«hip execu- 
ted in the best styk- of the nrt, iit moderate prices 
All kind of work, from a curd to the most elaborate 
ncii-dniwinir. Flourishing, lOi-. Larger pieces 20c, 

"' A. E. DEW'HURST. 

I'TICA. N. Y. 



Can be miule by younit pcnnicn uiid return!! secure- 

from automatic ueiiwnrk than iiny other kind. 

Keduceil from So, 00 t» SU.SO. 

penmanship and embodied tlie twenty-four lessons 


The complete course will be given for 82..'>'J. This 
notions be offered. 

Stick India Ink $ „1i 

InkTmy(c.K-,i m 

AlphabeUi. em ii i.i 

ANY i 



( VNDI R^0\ 

Jackson, Tenn. 


One of j'o 
is the betit 
will deliBl. 

iir ttorogtic's written on ii friend'sname 
Drescnt that could be given him. It 
him more ihiin ii *.i book or a gold 

C. .}. 1(IXI;ER. 


Ohio orRurpiissetl Jn Ameriuit. find contain u tnort> conijiiute'tm-i 
claim to be among the best. Semi for "Commercial AVurid" to .^ 

Isexclusively a school of penmanship, nml Iswltbonl (^>xceptioh 

ilty of this sohoni is Teach- 

Biisineas' Writers' and Pen Artists' t'rainin',.'- 'tiiUosives llunKUijh drill l 

Facilities the best. Teacher writes from 150 to 175 w|/iis a minute. Send for "Stenographic World" to McKee .t Ilendei