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A New Edition of 




It retains all those features that have made the Complete Account- 
ant so deservedly popular and in addition thereto many new ones have 
been added that enliven the work, add life and interest to its study, 
and make it more business-like. 

What Changes Have Been Made. 

The pages have been enlarged — beautiful script has been added — 
it has everywhere been embellished with beautifully reproduced busi- 
ness forms, and the sets have been changed, improved and modernized. 
In the revision no expense has been spared. Business men and 
bookkeepers connfcted with the best houses have been freely consulted 
and their interest solicited. It is confidently asserted that the Complete 
I Accountant now represents the most advanced ideas on the teaching of 
bookkeeping. Those schools who do not have the time for an extended 
course will find the Accouniant to impart not only a thorough knowl- 
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We will cheerfully send you sample pages on request. 
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I O. n POWERS, Publisher, 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

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Author and publisher for 30 yenrs piist of New Series of Stand^d Book-keep- 
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Arithmetic is too piactical a branch of knowledge to include a single useless topic, or to be 
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are emphatically a movcmmt serks. and their prime (listinguisliing feature is that of movement is carried from the movement exercises into actual writing. 
Pupils should not be taught to draw their copies ; they mnst be taught to write. 
They must acquire the habit of easy and rapid vork. This series is the first to solve 
this'problera. and it does it in a manner as simple as truth itself. 

The difficult matters of position and pen-holding will tend to adjust themselves. 

The pupil begins vpith standard forms of the capital letters, as a basis, biit is 
taught, in immediate connection with them, abbreviated forms of the same style, 
based upon a study of the best actual writing. , , , 

Figures of an elegant and practical style will be found in each book. 

Great attention has been given to simplicity of style. The aim throughout 18 
to secure a neat, plain, and rapid hand. 

The grading of the books has received much care. No one can tail to see tneir 
unity and the gradual development of a practical style of penmanship from the 
most simple forms. .„ , „ , 

In point of mechanical execution the series will be found superior 

With each book, four additional pages of practice paper, ruled like the book, 
are given. Packages of practice paper, containing 1920 pages ruled like Writing 
Book No. 1, can be had at $1 each. 

In a word, 

Qinn & Company's Writing Books 

solve the problem of acquiring a neat, legible hand, and of learning to write with 
ease and rapidity. They have been prepared by an experienced teacher and autuor 
of penmanship, who has been signally successful in both directions. 

A copy of our pamphlet. How to Teach Penmanship, sent free to any address. 

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers, 




□ [ammmamcamEi 

T,EXT-BOOKS,llke teucl,e«, may be diviUcl into two nmin chissc. One cl„«, compnse, the ^md "f book^ 
T prlmury purpose seems to be to let the buyer know what a w.3e and accomplished man the.r ""'l^o "^^ ^he 
1 technical they are, the more complicated they ai-e, the bigger the words they employ the more abstruse and 
plicated the problems they present-the deeper the impression they are apparently intended to c. 

the wi«lom and attainments of the men who made them. What more natural assumption o ,„„„„„,, ,„,,,,p„,j „„( 

like the books themselves, hopelessly above the range of his intellect .■ uui 

y to the sorely perplexed student 
What more natural assumption on the part of the discouraged student 
hnt the science they pi-esnmably illuminate i; 

There is Another Kind of Text-Book. 
A kind that is designed not to impress the student with what the author knows, but rather to teach him what he should know : 
nott, fill .mw^h^"u the dimcnl'ties of his task, but to minimi..e those dimculties by simplification by order y 8-"^™;^' 
and natural progression from theousy primary stages to the most difficult phases of the studies in question. Wuch kind do J<m 
lu-efer lor your pui>ilsV 

The Mussclmait Commcreial Text-Books are of the Latter Kin,/ . 

Thev cover the ground thoroughly, but simply, in a way that is perfectly intelligible to the student. They go to the heart of the 
matter n hand and leave the curlicues and trimmings to those who like that sort of thing^ The boy who t>ayB them -<» Jtu^ 
them, assuming fair average intellect, not only acquires the paper and print and binding that make up the volume, but he possesses 
himself of the knowledge, the practical how-to-do those things of which the volun-» ♦«"■" 

We sliould be delighted to e.vtend this talk indeflnitely. but we 8 
want by writing us. The purpose of this adv. is to 


uluntion and compn 

ubiiaked, Ike -ll u 



v,.s 1,1,. ,'.,iisUi,'rnbh. plei 
Itttiis tnmi vi'Ur Pmclici 
(iBo IH iKKiKkceplim ns to enable i 
I situation OS htiatl bookkeeper with one or 
hnnlware Arms of this eitv,_whloh position I have 

work thixt 
1 iiv by pure force 
lisolutely clear wfty. 
of ordinary iotelli- 

■ Pttictical Bookktepif 
t-plntc ns to ena" " 
s head bookkeeper ' 

'ilv, whlon pntiii.iuii i i 



School proprietors, tt-achere and students unite in prais- 
ing this volume. It has been adopted in a great many 
business colleges, also private schools and public schools ; 
and it is just as valuable to the private learner who is 
denied the advantages of competent personal instruction, 

3 lor Just such a volume i 

and i 

8uch volunteer testimony as the following from 
America's leading educators. School Supt. J. M. GreeU' 

A lux 
library sheei 

waited for ye „ 

safe to sav that nothing of the sort has i 

cordial a "welcome or so instantaneous an acknowledg- 
ment as to merit. It handles a subject usually regarded 
as dry in a unique and thoroughly interesting way. Re- 
tail price. S2.50. 



1 copy of any of thtM hooks \cmbt mailed t> 

wood, of Kansas City, Mo., tells the whole story 

" Tour Business Arithmetic is a work nf Buperlor merit in 
respecl. The ilefiDltlonB, the selections of exercises, the t__ . 
icai notes and entlanatlons, the general arrangement of topics 
and the clear, bold type— all coniblne to renc' 
be^l and most attractive works yet offered 



smaller work than Any of the preceding but 

of the 

bound in library sheep. 

a whit less interesting or less origmal i 
senting its subject. It is condensed from a lifetir 
practical experience and lives up to its title with 
pleteness that leaves nothing to be desired. No ne 
detail is slighted. The work is practically illustrated with 
examples of model business letters photo-engraved from 
handwriting for the students' practice. Retail price, 50c. 

aUprice. It uHU pay you t< 

r them, wheihe 

mmm mD.£r.MU§S£liWaN,GlUINCY,KC. 

Oar company will hereafter be known as the Ames 
<fc EoLLiNSON Company. There will be no change 
either of ownership or management — merely a 
change of name. All business meant for this estab- 
lishment should be addressed to the company, and 
;ill checks, orders, etc. , be made out in the same way. 
The addressing of letters, etc., personally is likely 
to cause annoying delays 

The copyright on The Journal covers its entire 
contents — text and illnstrations. Exchanges are 
welcome to make extracts, giving due credit there- 
for, but the reprinting of any of the series of in- 
struction must not be made unless by special ar- 
rangement. The reproduction of any illustration ap- 
pearing in this paper is strictly prohibited, except 
upon special authorization. 

Ames & Rollinson Company. 
New York, New Year. "J.5. 


No. 2. 

lO. — Our December lesson called for and, I trust, 
received yonr very best effort. However hard and 
faithfully you have worked during the month, it is 
not expected that you have reached proficiency or 
that you have extracted all the nourishment con- 
tained in the lesson. The ground work for mind 
and muscle is necessarily extensive. The impoi- 
tance of plates 1 and 3 are such that something simi- 
lar to their practice will enter into every lesson for 
several months. These exercises have a direct bear- 
Ingupon everything thatis written, andtheir influence 
in strengthening muscle, quickening action, quieting 
the nerves and gaining precision and quality in line 
is simply wonderful, and results must be seen to be 
properly appreciated. Study and practice them as 
long as your writing is lacking in any respect what- 
ever. Don't fail me here at the most critical time. 
The sub.iect matter from beginning to end should be 
eo well understood that you can repeat it almost 
word for word. An hour's reading and thinking 
may save you days and weeks of practice. 

Guarding Against Dangeroua Tendencies, 

1 1 — If your arm is long and your exercises resem- 
ble those in line 1, plate 4, lose no time in making a 
change. Unless well cared for those letters can 
never stand the kicks and cuffs to be met with in the 
business world. Poor weak, starved things. Feed 
them the " remedy " by beginning with a dot ; then 
circle it rapidly and they will soon grow fat. 

your best helpers. Use your eyes well on cuts. Be 
sure to apply these remedies to letters while arm is 

13. — Now, are you ready for plates 6 and 7? 
Your answer should be: "I have turned out more 
than fifteen pages of compact ovals and straight 
lines, as per plate 1 : and, as a result, my new posi- 
tion of body, arm and hand is secure; my arm is 
growing rapidly in strength, speed, scope and ease 
of movement ; all shade has disappeared, kinks in 
lines are no more, my interest in writing is growing, 
too, and I intend to stay with ' pony ' and ' shaft ' to 
the end." Good. 

14.— And again : "I have not neglected plate 3 
in the least, but have practiced page after page of 


your writing is sadly deficient, and all yonr rapid 
writing will make it no better. " What shall I do? 
Must write neither fast nor slow." That brings us 
to the point. Practice rapidly on exercises in which 
you can make nothing but well bent curve lines on 
upstrokes, and drill, drill until these curves are em- 
bedded deep in muscles and imprinted indelibly in 
the mind. Exercises 1. 2, 3, plates 6 and 7, will 
force good union and make your writing safe under 
all circumstances. 

IG. — Make exercise in columns from ten to fifteen 
in group, small, on good slant, from twelve to twenty 
per minute. Raise right curve ending in position 
for loop letters. See how far back you can retrace 
straight lines. Don' the afraid to exaggerate. When 


each exercise in connection with the ' Penman's 
Wheel of Fortune.' All letters were made small as 
directed — some the size of a mustard seed — and I 
allow nothing to interfere with easy lateral move- 
ment. The hand in plate 3 did its duty well by 
constantly reminding me of the importance of a 
good ending, and consequently I will be better pre- 
pared for the loop letters and all others using a 
right curve when you bring them on. In short, I 
have acted upon your closing advice in December 
lesson to the best of my ability, and am anxious to 
know the promised secret." 

A Speed Secret Worth Knowing, 

15. — Well, here it is, illustrated in plates 6 and 
7, and a number of specimens from old and new 
students to test its worth. Legible speed writing is 

f 12.— On the other hand, if you are short and thick 
you are apt to have an easy going time and to make 
letters to correspond, as per line 1, plate.'). Lively 
movement on straight lines, allowing them to grad- 
nally_turn at ends and change into narrow ovals are 

dependent upon proper spacing and union. Letters 
acquired slowly lose in these two essentials when 
written rapidly, for the simple reason that we can- 
not get the same result from different rates of speed. 
If you cannot distinguish between your it's and u's 

down curves have served their purpose in inffneno- 
ing up curves they are changed into straight lines by 
narrowing the loops, as seen in line 3. In nnion 
there is strength, therefore get nnion. Following 
union your next step is spacing by locating each 
letter on a blue line, as per plate 8. Count on down 
stroke for each letter, one-two. Don't destroy anion 
of letters by widening too much. In word practice 
write as rapidly as you can, but never go beyond 
your ability and "stumble." Be a merciless critic 
of your own results, and work hard to strengthen 
your weakest points. 

Qood Beginnings and Endings. 

17.— Plate No. 9 illustrates what is gained frcnn 
good beginning and ending. Begin at the left end 
and you have the figure six, speed exercise for nnion, 
and the end gives beginning for loops. Invert and 
reverse and you have speed exercise for uniting n'*, 
whde the ending gives foundation for capital N and 
family. Yon see, we anticipate and prepare for the 
more difBcnlt— like constructing the difficult parts 
of a thing before we put it together. This principle 
of making the difficult seem easy — really be easy — 
is the keynote of our method. 

Criticism, and Review Column, 

18 —Since the December issue of The Joxjbnai. 
was circulated I have received many letters relating 
to this course of lessons, some of which called for 
lengthy replies. I should be much gratified to write 
in full to all who write me, but that is a physical 
impossibility in connection with other pressing 
diities. I have, therefore, thought well tocommence 
a Criticism and Review Column in connection with 
the lessons. Fire in your questions, specimens, etc., 
and they will be treated through The Jocrnal. I 
want to help you all I can. 

Of the hundreds of first specimens received np to 
date, December 15, I would not hesitate to guarant«» 
to every one an excellent hand. I want more sped- 


iiiena from farmer boys, Don't be backward. Yonr 
hand is not too heavy and your ideas are not too 
cmde. The writer was an ox driver and log hauler 
for six years anil knows wliat it is to tramp the clods. 
'Hie "unhaijpy family " group is made up from first 
npecimena of tliocc who are now among my best 
writers. What I want is work — thought and action 

The New Pictorial Art. 

Jlost JorRNAL readers have doubtless noted cer- 
tain recent impulses toward the unconventional and 
the bizarre that is making itself very much felt in 
illustrative art. The most pronounced, and perhaps 

<:><1^ <=~C_^ <=><_^ '^XL^ '=:"<_^ =><_/ <=><_, '=x_-' '=»<1-' 

(^^£^e^f?U /^^, Me^/^/rf4^ 




—and plenty on just those exercises that come 
within your range. If you are not afHicteil with St. 
Vitna' dance or the excessive use of tobacco and 
cigarettes yon are all right, mv boy. 

You cant get the cream of these lessons by the 
skimming process, but you must dig as yon would 
in search of gold in the hills. Quiok'and lasting re- 
sults come from level headed students whose bear's 
are fired with ambition to excel. 

most unique, of thess late developments is the 
black to white ricochet, see-saw style, flavored with 
peacock spats and other things Japanesy. invented 
by Aubrey Beardsley. an English artist, who has 
been lately very much in evidence in some of the 
rahmhi art publications. Mr. Beardslev uses solid 
black and white masses, with no intermediate tones, 
and draws almost entirely in angles. Some of his 

designs are unquestionably striking, whatever may 
be thought of the "school" he heads. The clever 
satire in the accompanying verses and illustiations 
is aimed at Mr. Beardsley. The impulse we have 
noted is not confined to'our artist friends on the 
other side of the ocean. Here at home it is begin- 
ning to be seen on every hand, though in a some- 
what mcdified form. Chief of the home school is 

O' O^ UP C^ L^ Cs' 

/ ^ Q> / a 6> /i^ & / a &/ a 6/ 

that very clever penciler and charming colorist. 
Will H. Bradley of Chicago He applies the Beards- 
ley idea, translating the angles to sweeping curves 
(not unlike, in a general way, the scheme of a pen 
flourish), and infusing the whole with enough new 
brain matter to fairly divide with BeardsU'y what- 
ever credit attaches to the sort of art which they 
produce. Some of Bradley's show-posters (we have 
particularly in mind recent posters advertising the 
Chap book) are simply wonderful in the richness 
and harmonious vividness of the color effects. 

Penmen should be particularly interested in this 
new pictorial art, at least in its milder phases, as it 
is in much demand for advertising designs and com- ■ 
mercial w( rk generally. 

" The WImlslei/ Kfghtmare." 

I hear the Art folks jawing 
Of the modern styles of drawing. 
The work, hnppy, of a chappie who is aU straight lines and 

If its meaning I but scented, 
I might feel less demented ; 
My toosipegs are all on edge, and shattered are my nerves ! 

A Wierdsley nightmare of a Thing, with monsti-i 
hair, ,_^ 

In attitude so strained, V - 

That to see it I am pained. **" 

These quips and pranks of modern cranks will < 

If you want to be the craze 

Of tlie fashionable maze. 
You must not paint Dame Nature as she 

Ycm must go to hera-siiuinting. ■• ■ ■■ 

And when the 

Will tlio world believe you ? N 

But she'll fancy von are clever. 

And. though 1 cannot d'raw a bit, I'll ( 

tistic jangles. 

I with martial tread. 

■> (ITUlt O^IOAoS 


No. 1. 


The object of these lessons la to give the home 
student a chance to learn how to practice in order 
that he may acquire what is generally termed a pro- 
fessional or artistic hand. 

I will do what I can toward revealing rather than 
concealing the essentials to the attainment of the 
style so widely admired both for its beauty and 
evidences of skill. 

Before beginning the practice of this art each 
student ought to have a knowledge of the physiology 
of the hand and arm, but since such informatiou can- 
not be given herewith, the best we can do is to ad- 
vise the study of the same at the earliest moment, 
for without this knowledge a thorough uuderst.and- 
ing of the art of writing is well nigh impossible. 

There are two things I wish } ou, who are follow- 
ing this series, to keep constantly and clearly in 
mind, viz.: the/orm to be produced and the ?««»- 
»<■/• of producing it. If you would succeed rightly, 
you must know definitely the shape of the form 
to be executed. To aid you in this I have pre- 
pared, with no little labor, a plate illustrating the 
basis forms, with their widths, slants, heights, 
etc., indicated by dotted lin>"8. This plate is not 
intended for practice : it is for study — for the pur- 
pose of giviug the proper mental picture. With 
the e.xception of this first plate, all the copies were 
written with the same movements that we advise, 
and all were photo-engraved. They were written 
one-half larger than presented, on account of the 
necessities i f engraving. 


You should provide yourself with ink suited to 
light line and black shade writing— an ink that is 
thick iind pale enough to make a light, fine line or 
a dense or brilliant shade. Arnold's Japan or di- 
luted India is the best. You should have half inch, 
faint-ruled, smooth-surfaced (not glossy), sincle 
sheet. 8 by 10 inch, 10-pound paper. Use Gillott's 
No. 1 pens ( ' Our Fini-st"). or, it you prefer a pm 
not quite so fine and flexible, Ames' Best Pen, or 
Gillott's 604 (" Our Ideal Pen for Young Penmen"). 
You need, to complete the outfit, an oblique holder 
—one that is properly balanced and adjusted pre- 

Po itlon. 

First, don a light weight, loose coat. Second, 
shed your undersleeve from the elbow down (by 
mears of scissors or knife) and remove cuffs and un- 
button the shirt sleeve. (Ladies may enlarge dress 
sleeve or reverse the one, end for end, that fashion 
dictates, and remove undersleeve as advised for gen- 
tlemen.) Third, sit well back from table (which 
should be pretty high), and lean slightly forward, 
bending at the hips, keeping tlie feet uncrossed and 
well apart. Place both arms on the table, elbows 
just oft' the edge. Hold pen as illustrated herewith, 
or as nearly as possible. (Illustrations of the body, 
hand, paper, etc., are given in the December, 1S9'3. 


Anyle of fap,r. 

This is very important. Upon it depends the kind 
of movement you use. If you e-xpect to follow the 
instructioi s given, then see that the bottom of the 
paper is at an angli of flfieen degrees with the eili,'n 
of the table, providing the arm crosses the table at 
an angle of forty-five degrees. But a better wa\ , 
perhaps, is to have the paper turned at such an angle 
that the forearm will be at right angles with the 
connective slant. The two methods are the same in 
principle, but the latter does not require that the 
arm cross the table at a specified angle. One 
more, hold the pa/ier in such marine'- that the f'lie 
arm loiU be at right anyles uith the connective sla t 

Bl-ecHonn for I'r'-rttce, 

Let the little finger glide freely on the side be- 
tween joint and nail in all forms herewith. Do nor 
use thumb or first and second fingers in this Ifssoii 
except to hold the pen. If you rest ou side if 
finger, and I believe it htst to do so, alwnys use a 
blotter to rest the hand upon. After wtiting one- 
third of the way across the page or making one ex- 
ercise, either draw the paptr to the left or shift 
the elbow to the right. Do not try to write acrnss 
the page with the elbow and pnptr in one place. 

Nos. 1, 3 and a ore mide with the forearm acting 


'? a 

/ / 



^ J 

as a binge at the elbow. No3. 4, 5 and 6. -with the 
same movement in conjunction with an in-and-out 
action nf the arm in the sleeve : the two movements 
producing; a diagonal action of the arm as it enters 
the sleeve at"- the wrist. Nos. 7 and 8, the same move- 
ments us before, combined and reversed, producing 
a compound elliptical action ou the muscle in front 
of the elbow. Nos. 9 and 10 are produced by unit- 
ing the former separate, simple moMonf. resulting in 
a compound circular exercise. No. 11 is produced 
wi!h hinyeactiononihpstrHight lines with a gradual 
h ickward action of the arm in the sleeve at the elbow 
— as the pen moves to the right— with a reversal of 
this same backward acrioii in coDJunction with a 
sliiiht rolling action to produce the cctmpound curve. 
Nos. 12. 13. and 14 are made similarly to first part of 
preceding form. N"s. 15, 16. 17 and/ 18 are purely 
railing movement with a lateral and backward action 
uf the forearm and elbow. Nos. 19. 20 and 21 same 
as preceding, with les^i of the circular and in-and- 
out, and more of the hinge and direct actions. Nos. 
22. 23 and 24 are hinge and backward actions. 

Practice witli a Irte and eas\- action on these 
exercises un'il further orders. M ke from 300 to 
400 strokes per minute in mo-*t of the forms. Not 
that many each and every minute, but at that rate 
of speed. No.J. 9, 10. 22, 23 and 24 not so fast. 
Study as well as practice. The lonns given serve 
in establishing the S'mplest movements : more dififi* 
cult ones will follow. Your efforts will be criti- 
cised through these columns^ if you will submit 
practice that is carefully executed and systemaiic- 
allv arranged. Send such practice to Zaner, Colum 
bus, Ohio. 

Tli« Nati .iml Advei tisinn Cjaifuoy, S^jueci Falls, N Y., 
ire offeriii;; to business scbo->Is a particularly attractive 
lin-- nf bdvertisinRDOvelties. A leader of theirs is a wooden 
meustirinij ru'e, wiih or without bras* edgf. Toese goods 
art* S[eciallj printeil to or-ler with ihf advertisemeDt of 
tbeseboi.1. They nre ihe Uiiid "f ibm^ ihat is not de- 
srrovfd, reojaimut; /or « long period on the desk of the 
M'-ftw ihtreiofe the adveriisernenti bn* a much more perma 
iieut value iban an>thiiig «bcb jui^bt be presented in 
n more peri&bnble form. 


A GirVa Idea • 
In the Commercial Law cla 

allowed to make 

n a fouthern school for 
answer to the question 
" A married woman not 
5 States "' 

A Western Definition for ** Muarular " Jtfovement. 

One of our Western writing teachers thought that as his 
cowboy students had learned to " sling a good pen " {as 
they expresstd it), through vigorous drills with the muscu- 
lar or forearm movement, tbey should be alilf* to give an 
accurate deflnitjnn of this miu-b talked about movement. 
One of bis questions prnpnunded at the u&ual terra ex- 
aminations was ; " What is the muscular or forearm move- 
ment/'' The answer of one student: "It is a Dazey,'^ 
while very expressive and showing the student.'.< apprecia- 
tion of its merits, was somewhat hazy and left the teacher 

A Brace of Good Ones. 

Clerk : " I really cannot read this letter ; the writing i 
ton bad.'* _ 

Eniployei- Ompatiently) ; " 
pood enough ; any fool could 
Woonsiocket, K, I,, Reporter. 


*' What is bis profession ? " asked one girl, 
" He's a capitalist," replied the other. 
*' He looks Jibe an artist." 

" Oh, be IS He makes the capital letters that begii 
magazine articles."— Washington Star. 

I am mueh pleased to learn nf the course of lessons to^be 
given in The Penman's Art Journal by Mr. Zaner. 

Tbat feature alone will make each issue worth the cost 
of a year's subscriution.— A. H. Barbour. Hartford, 

;m« to ha 
He sends 
utfitand'specimensof the work. This 
ment ou the old brush-marking style— done quicker and 
looks better. He should get large returns from Journal 

JkiS^^^ '^oJnoA^ ^17CiCQyira,truUO 



*'The Journal's" Public School Campaign. 

The enlargement of The Journal gives more room for 
features of special interest lo public school teachers, and 
we promise our friendo to utilize the opportunity to the 
fullest extent. We shall endeavor to make Thb Journal 
ag much a necesHity for the grade teacher who is at all 
Kenuinely interested in the work of writing and drawing as 
for the supervitior or specialist. Our frieufis in the public 
schools who are now subscribers can be of the greatest as- 
sistance to us by pointing out to their fellow-teachers the 
work that The Journal is doing. 

Owing to the overcrowded condition of our columns, 
«.nd notwithhtanding the enlargement of The Journal, 
we are compelled to defer to the February issue the beKiu- 
niug of Kr. K. M. Wallace's course of instruction in writ- 
ing,for ungraded schools. Mr. Wallace has had much ex- 
perience in this line, and Is thoroughly imbued with the 
necessity for blotter work iu our ungraded schools. From 
the examination we have given the lessons now in our 
hando, we can safely promise our readers something helpful 
and practical— genuine experience, not finespun theories. 

iLLUSTR/KTiVe, ^^ 



> sy Lancdon 5.7hom"P5on 


rEACHINQ by the use of illustrative- 
sketcliing has long been advocated 
by philosophers and writers on edu- 
cation. Bnt it is only recently that any considera- 
ble number of practical teachers have been induced 
to try the experiment. Several conditions have un- 
doubtedly retarded this movement. 

First, the natural conservatism of teachers as a 
class. Before the time of Normal .Schools (perhaps 
too much 80 since), teachers learned to teach by imi- 
tating their own teachers ; and since their teachers 
had nev(!r used illustrative-drawing, they had no ex- 
amples to imitate. 

Second, the false notion that only a favored few 
can learn to draw. This belief, or accepted tradition, 
has probably been more effective than all other 
hinderances in causing teachers to hesitate. But, 
while only a comparatively few have had the 
courage of their convictions, it is a matter of con- 
gratulation that the above obstructions are gradu- 
ally giving way and that a few years hence we may 
•expect many teachers to greatly increase their teach- 
ing power through the ixse of illustrative-drawing. 
Many are already convinced of the immense aid that 
might be offered by some skill in drawing, but are 
holding back because they think they lack the so- 
called special talent supposed to be necessary. 

The object of the present articles, now began in 
The Penman's Art Journal, is to help remove this 
last barrier and to show the most timid teacher, even 
iu a country school, that she can learn to draw well 
enough to illustrate school work on the blackboard. 
For the immediate encouragement of all such, if, 
should be stated that drawing on the blackboard is 
more easily executed than drawing on paper. Both 
psychology and experience testify to this fact, 

What is ilhistrativesketching? It is not any par- 
ticular kind of drawing, exclusively. It is any and 
all kimls of ilrawhig. whether (leeoratire. pictorial 
or eoiiceptional. used for the purpose of illustration 
It is aiiplied drawing, used as a language to help 
learners to build up right concepts in their own 

Since it is osually done on the blackboard, it can- 
not claim great artistic excellence ; and since it'is 
usually done in the presence of the class, it must be 
done rapidly. This last coadition, and the fact that 
pupils, many of tbem, are at a considerable distance 
from the blackboard, would indicate that it must 
be done with the utmost freedom and boldness. 

The purpose of "the drawing then, determines the 
manner of its execution, while the subject matter 
to be taught determines the particular drawings to 

be made. And since our modern teachers, even in 
the primary grades, 'are obliged to teach at least the 
elements of all subjects, the tield for illustrative- 
drawing is as wide as the universe. We may find 
our material, then, m the mineral, the vegetable, 
the animal, or the spiritual kingdom. 

After a few preliminary lessons in crayon holi- 
ing and free movement exercises, the student uih}- 
begin with geography, or the earth's As 
most of its surface is water in a horizontal position, 
he may make a first attempt by representing an 
open sea, or the ocean when it is at pence. From 
this he may proceed to lakes, bays, straits, plains, 
prairies, terraces, bluffs, hills, mountains, volcanoes, 
mountain ridges or chains, wigwams. Esquimaux 
huts, canals, rivers, roads, valleys, gorges, canons, 
waves, water-falls, water spouts, icebergs, clouds, 
vegetables, fruits, leaves, plants, flowers, trees, 
birds and all other animals. Most of the above list 
are natural objects, but artificial objects, as tools, 
implements, habitations, and whatever else man has 
made or conceived, may be represented. 


In illustrative as in all other drawing, there are 
two phases of study : (1) There is the knowledge, the 
scientific, the theoretical, or the intellectual side : 
and (2) there is the skill, the art. the practical, or 
the executive side. The antl.or having fully treated 
the theoretical phase of drawing in other works 

(see the author's " Advanced Freehand Manual, " 
"Model and Object Manual," '.Esthetic Manual." 
and " Mechanical Manual." published by D. C. Heath 
& Co.. Boston aud New York), his chief aim now 
will be to apply these principles and show how skill 
may be acquired. While tliese principles will not 
be ignored, but frequently referred to aud pointed 
out, the burden of these lessons will be draw, draWy 


First, there must be great freedom of movement. 
This does not mean weakness, or careless movement, 
however spontaneous ; it means movement compara. 
lively rapid, but under perfeet control. Constant 
practice in drawing will in iiuje uive some measure 
of freedom and skill : but this freedom and ease may 
l)e more quickly acquired by the use of movement 
exercises specially constructed for this purpose (See 
Plate VI, with Circles and combinations oi' Circles.) 

Begin with Fig. 1. Stand firmly on the feet, in 
front of the blackboard, about arm's length from it. 
Place a point on the board about opposite the right 
shoulder. Around this imaginary center, with 
crayon in hand, swing the arm freely from the 
shoulder joint, io a large circle two or three feet in 
diameter, without tnarkir,^; on th? board at first, and 
with but little motion at the elbow or wrist :iolnt. 
Keep regular time, moving no faster downward than 
upward. When this movement in the air. near the 
surface of the board, is divested of a little of its 
awkwardness, let the craj'on touch the board and 
continue the rotary movement around and around 
thirty or forty times wilhou': interruption. Prac- 
tice the movement many tunes in both directions. 
Now, insideof thelarge c'ircle a. practice the smaller 
ones. 6. c, d and c, in the same way. If one should 



'^cAJtumJi QytiC ^^JvictAnCP 


Methods of Teaching Penman- 
ship in Graded Schools. 


Arllcle 1.5. 


MANY most earnest and enthusiastic teachers 
succeed admirably in enthusing pupils, and in 
working up a free movement on their part 
Beyond this most important and commendable stage 
they seem tmable to lead them. 

To secure rapid, accurate writing is the aim of all 
true teachers. The process by which accuracy and 
freedom are blended in the manipulation of thu 
pupil's writing machinery, the writer has seen fit to 
style the pruiiingproccss. 

The plan adopted for grades three to eight in- 
clusive is briefly this : 

First, pupils are drilled vigorously upon ezercise 
1 in Article 13, first with direct then with reverse 
motion. Following this is an exercise identical with 
No. 2 by Professor Thornburgh in the December 
JODRNAL. These we insist shall be made with the 
fingers /(('Ws<(7/ (not stiff), and with wrist running 
in and out of the sleeve. The continuous rapid 
repetition of this s<?-e(c/ii;ig, limbering-up exercise 
produces that indispensable habit, the rest-arm vibra- 
tion, which is the very foundation of all useful 
writing skill. This must be kept up for days, and 
in some cases for weeks, until it becomes a habit— 
until it is easier for the pupil to vibrate his arm than 
to let it lie still and to use his fingers. This point 
gained, we have reached the first stage in the de- 
velopment of skill. And just here begins the mold- 
ing process. 

Capital Letter Practice, 

Next a few capital letters are assigned for prac- 
tice. Those which necessitate the least modification 
of the movements already ground in come first. 
The method of impressing the true forms of the let- 
ters to be written upon the pupil's mind has already 
been fully discussed in former articles. Then by 
degrees the itruning goes on as other letters are in- 
troduced which necessitate still further modifications 
and combinations of fundamental vibrations— the 
cutting away of a little fullness of curvature here, 
the shortening or lengthening of a familiar curved 
or straight sweep there, etc. 

The Critical Slage. 

Now, two thoughts must be uppermost in the mind 
of both teacher and pupil at t his the second stage of the 
work, viz. : There must be definite mental copy and a 
fearless, well planned effort toward its reproduction. 
And just here is the critical stage. Either a pupil 
will be inclined to timidity, inspired by fear of the 
effect of unsubdued motion upon form, or he will 
neglect to properly preplan his movements, which 

feel especially awkward in beginning this exercise, 
there would be no objection to his making a large , 
circle on the board by means of a string or pair of 
compasses, to be used as a guide for the first few 
lessons. But the effort, of course, should be to be- 
come independent of these helps as soon as possible. 
Figures '2, 3, 4, .5, etc., of Plate VI will aft'ord a 
great variety of movements for further practice, but 
they need not all be mastered before taking up other 
exercises. The arrows will show the directions for 
the movements. an<l the letters in each figure will 
show the order in which each part is to be made. 

■While all the figures in Plate I are well adapted 
for giving freedom of movement, they are also very 
practical, as all teachers must have frequent occa- 
sions when they can use drawings of banners to 
great advantage. In connection with the exercises of 
Plate I, construct a large horizontal figure 8 on the 
board, three feet in length, and practice on it with a 
free, swinging and continuous movement of the 
whole arm. in both directions. For practice, none 
of these banners should be made less than three feet 
long. The arrows indicate the directions for the 
various movements. 


1. Begin your practice to-day. 

2. Practice ten or fifteen minutes every day, 

3. Keep the form to be made vividly in your 'im- 

4. Do not be discouraged at apparent failure— it 
IS only apparent. 

5. Begin, at once, to use your skill, though ever so 
little, in illustrating some lesson before your class. 

6. Draw, draw, draw ! 



niav liest be characterized as reckless or aimless. 
Jn»t here, too, is manifest those qualities which dis- 
tinKuish the strong from the weak teacher. The 
one will insist upon freedom but starve the impil's 
mind by neglecting to put into it such thoughts as 
vill enable him to work out the problem of the 
n.ind's management of the physical machine, In 
the hands of such a teacher (?) tlie pupil's movement 
■will degenerate into a mere 8cril)bling habit. The 
other— the true teacher— knows how to put these 
thonghU into the mindthat has the controlling jmwer 
oier the scriptjiroduciny muscles: knows how to 
mske the work progressive ; knows how to inspire 
confidence on the part of the pupil. 

Taet in JIandliny I'uptlt. 

The true teacher knows •' how to put India to my 
boys." Should a pupil say : '•Well, I can't write 
this way," at this stage of his progress, there are a 
hundred ways to meet his statement. Suppose, for 
example, tlie statement came from a pnpil in the 
fourth or fifth year, the weak teacher would either 
flatly contradict it, and demand that he jjroceed 
instanter, or would say, " Well, do the best you 
can," and stop at that. The erst course not only 
fails to convince the pupil that he can, but often 
deepens his determinatiou not to try, and the second 
course is virtually an admission that the teacher too 
is of lik(^ opinion. How soon the pupil will reason 
thus: "You (his teacher) promised me success. Now 
yoQ admit that I have failed." How encouraging ! 

The triie teacher instantly finds some way of 
meeting the statement that will appeal at once to 
his reason and inspire new desire and courage. 
How? Well, just an example or two. First, one 
that always fits. The teacher immediately asks, 
"How long since you learned to write'/" Ans. 
"Three years." "Have you always written with 
the fingers?" Ans. "Yes." " How long have you 
tried to write with the arm?" Ans. "Two months." 
" Do yon expect the arm to mind as well with two 
months' training as the fingers do after three years' 
training 'f" This shows the reasmiable pupil the ab- 
surdity of his statement. Did your legs mind the 
first time you tried to skate? Did yon have any 
trouble in teaching yonr fingers where the piano 
keys were, and how to strike ihem'i' Can yon ride 
your wheel " hands off " the first week 't etc. 

But to return to the pruning. 

Itfilucltttf the Size. 

The pupil is now supposed to have reached that 
etage in liis progress where he can secure approxi- 
mate results ns to form with freedom. One result at 
this point is that his work looks large and sprawly. 
The special oftice of exercises 1 to 4 inclusive is to 
focus his motion— to force a reduction in size, 
to secure lateral freedom and absolutely level 
joinings between such letters as o, v or w and 
other short letters. Tlie first two serve the 
first named purpose fairly well. The letters iu the 
third must be written short enough to be piled up 
four deep, thus forcing a reduction iu height. The 
slide from ») to n must be both long enough and 
straight enough to support another word, thus forc- 
ing freedom and precision in its making. 

Exercises 4 and 5 are planned to assist in shorten- 
ing letters, but incidentally provide for the econom- 
ical use of the i)aper. After writing upon all the 
lines reverse the page and write ou the under side 
of them. Another noticeable feature of the writing 
of beginners is the lack of precision given to down 
strokes, especially in small letters. When we re- 
member that with the e.\ception of six strokes, all 
told, every down stroke in the small alphabet is a 
slanting (or vertical) straight line, it is not surpris- 
ing that they jday so prominent a part iu the gen- 
eral appearance of a page. 

One plan for securing accuracy in this direction is 
to place upon the blackboard the straight lines em- 
bodied in a letter or word, then to "build" it up 
complete, directing pnpils to imitate. To emphasize 
the straight line iu the pupil's mind as a means of 
secnring the necessary straight backward sweep. 
have him first build his small letters ou a large scale, 
then ni?-i(e them same size. Next let them be re- 
dnced by degrees to the minimum size, and then to 
float his movement right into words and sentences. 

Exercises 14 to 'Jj. inclusive, should first be built 
upon the slant line. After carefully placing the 
slant line proceed to write the letter over it, tracing 

the slant line with the down stroke of the letter. 
This should be done first deliberately, then, by de- 
grees, more and more rapidly, until the arm has 
been taught to move backward rapidly and with a 
straight motion. 

As seen in the copy, the letters are first constructed 
on a large scale, then overwritten with smaller ones, 
each time tracing a portion of the original slant 
line. The next step is to write in a bold hand words 
that may be begun and ended with a slanting 
straight line, such as in win. tin, ten, thin, then, 
than, tuned, under, think, thinking, etc. Following 
this come sentences chosen with special reference to 
the straight line feature. (See examples below.) 

iCeyt-Y i^t'^^c^ l^■^^.^^'^^ . /^i^ /(^fi^z^y/. 
^'i^i.-i^'^'-z-^ , /^C^s^?? i.^^'t'l-^. yv^s-^u^ 
/ u^-t-.)/ i^c^L^Av /<^L^^ i^i'-dA^. 

most energetic teacher of writing, and endeavors to see 
that bis teachers are supplied with literature tUat will 
create and keep up their writing enthusiasm. He has pro- 
duced good results iu Pasadena, 

— In a lite letter, O. W. Nottingham.Supr., Coldwater, 
Mich., and Van "Wert, O., writes: "The 'write up' you 
eave my pupils will be of great value to me in my work. 
The local papers will copy the article, and the pupils wlU 
work with greater interest since some of their names were 
published. It will be a great aid in all my work." "We 
review every specimen of student's work sent us in our 
"Public School Work" or "Student's Specimens" col- 
umns, and the object of the criticism iu these columns is to 
help the teacher, pupil and the cause of good writing. 
Seud along your work. 

— C. H. Peirce, for 23 years Supervisor at Keokuk, la., 
and proprietor of the Gate City B C, iu the same city, for 
many years, has been recently elected to the position of 
Supervisor of Writing in the Evansville, Ind., city schools. 
Evausville has a population of 60,000, and employs 200 
teachei"s. We congratulate the school board and citizens 
of that enterprising city on their decision to have writing 
properly taught hereafter, as well as on their good judg- 
ment in selecting so experienced and strong a man as Mr. 
Peirce. For years be has been the life of all conventions 
he has attended and we know that the pood people of 
Evausville will find the money invested in his salary the 
best they have ever expended. 

— The Journal was mistaken in naming J. S. Merrill 
as Supvr. at Springfield, O. He is a teacher in the city 
schools and much interested in writing. Miss .Josephine 
Weigel is the Supervisor and a good one too. She is teach- 
ing a 70*^ slant. 

A New Definition of Drawing. 

A Western supervisor, after careful explanation of what 
drawing is, asked the pupils iu the first grade primary to 

/^^ U^l^^ 


Another point that may he developed here is the 
spacing between words. When thus written these 
spaces are clear cut. 

In giving the above described exercises place them 
first upon the board in the presence of class. Don't 
keep pnpils blocking out too long. 

give an original definition of their own. One six-year-old 
gave the following, which, we think, excels many of the 
more elaborate definitions : '* Drawing is thinking and 
markine around the thinks." 

Another pupil in the same room gave for brain the fol- 
lowing original definition : " Brain is the place where you 
keep your thinks.'' 


— Miss M. Fronia Whitehead is a special teacher of writ- 
ing in Benton Harbor, Mich. 

— J H. Buck is Supervisor of Writing in city schools, 
Portland, Oregon. 

— In addition to his other duties as Principal of the Cen- 
tLinnial Business College, S. E. Shook gives one-half his 
time to the city schools of Greenville, Ohio, as Supervisor 
of Writing. 

— Supervisor G. W. Ware is proud of bis pupils, who 
cfiptured twenty-four premiums at the late Texas State 
Fair. He has gotten the teachers iu the schools m harmonv 
with his own ideas and the result is first-class work in both 
writing and drawing. 

— Supervisor Franc Barkman of Gi'and Rapids, Mich., is 
meeting with success iu bis work in the schools there. In a 
recent letter to The Jocrnal be says: '* Will you discuss 
through The Jocrnal at an early date some plans for es- 
tablishing perfect pen holding in lower grades?" We 
trust some of the brother supervisors will come to the front 
with their methods, as no doubt, be-iides Mr. Barkman, 
many others are anxious to have a little more bght on this 
important point. 

— W. H. Stump is no longer Supervisor at Tecumseh, 
Mich., but is now doing itinerant teaching with head- 
quarters at Freeburg, Ohio. 

— W. P. Hammond, Supervisor, Pasadena, Cal., is a 

A. Tienlcre, fSo 

rid Thief, New Oric 

A man who calls himself A. Tigniere, and gives his ad- 
dress as 362 Poydras street, New Orleans, recently issued a 
circular soliciting penwork, and containing an alleged tes- 
timonial from the editor of The Journal, also one jointly 
signed Lyman P. Spencer, H. W. Flickiuger and Daniel 
T. Ames. Both these testimonials with relation to all the 
signers are absolute forgeries. A. Tigniere was written 
up in The Journal as long as ten years ago as a forger and 
thief, and the years have brought to him no improvement. 
More than that, he glories in his scoundrelism, and we 
have from him a number of letters, extending ov* r the past 
ten years, in which he proclaims his dishonesty with 
pride, and tells about one or another swindle which he has 
carried out or has in contemplation. These letters con- 
tain evidence abundantly sufficient to land him in the pen- 
itentiary—a destiny which it is probable he will not much 
longer evade. 

Allard'n Pen Guide. 

We are pleased to know from Mr. C. H. Allard of 

Quincy, III, that bis patented g:uide for securing correct 
hand position, "The Penman's Ring," is meeting with a 
very cordial reception, both from schools and private 
learners. The device is remarkably simple and it is al- 
most impossible to get it out of order. Mr. Allard has en- 
thusiastic testimonials from many well-known teachers. 

'•^enniajtA Q7ti&Qyiu.ina.0 


Fig. I 


No. 1. 

^'PTitve aU thinys, hold fast that which in (;ood." 
1. — Only those who have -nndertaken a similar 
work will apprehend and appreciate the difficulties 
in the way of a satisfactory and acceptable presen. 
tation of this subject to the thou- 
sands of readers of this paper. In or- 
der to enlist the cooperation of 
these readers in removing some of 
the difficulties, it is necessary to call 
attention to them. First, then, for 
generations everything has tended to 
form in the minds of all Americans, 
and especially of all who have taken 
sufficient interest in penmanship to 
read The Journal, certain fixed 
ideals of position, movement, direc- 
tion, form, joining, spacing, hair 
lines, shading, etc. It is not at all 
surprising, therefore, that there is a 
whole army of honest, well-meaning 
persons who are opposing every phase 
of the reform. They are unable to 
get rid of these ideals, and conse- 
quently cannot judge writing by any 
other standard ; nor can they ap- 
proach the matter in the right atti- 
tude to give it a fair personal trial. 
The person who will most readily find 
what there is in vertical wiiting is 
he who can most completely throw 
overboard all preconceived notions of what con- 
stitutes writing. Perfect open-mindedness and a 
persistent application of the motto which heads this 
article are prime requisites in the investigation of 
this subject. 

2. — Closely allied to this condition is the fact that 
most persons are able to see only that for which 
they have been in the habit of looking. Obvious facts 
lie all about them unobserved until attention is di- 
rected to them. Even then some persons find much 
more difficulty in apprehending than others. 

3 — Without going beyond this sentence will the 
reader turn his attention to the simple lines in figure 
1 and see if they suggest anything to him ? To most 
persons who have not seen it before this little sketch 
is entirely meaningless until they are told that an 
artist once said he could represent with only three 
lines a soldier and his dog entering an inn. This is 
a very simple illustration of how easy it is for the 
mind to receive ideas when properly prepared for 
them. If it were as easy to prepare the minds of 
the readers for new ideas of what is essential to 
writiog the main difficulty would have disappeared. 
As a matter of fact, however, very many persons 
are quite unconscious of certain habits and tenden- 
cies in their natural handwriting. 

4. — A third obstacle has recently been created — 
the dozen or so styles or so called "systems" that 
have been thrown upon the American market dur- 
ing the past year, none of which bear even a family 
resemblance to the system to be presented in these 
lessons. The German style is simply a round-hand, 
certainly a marvelous improvement upon the Ger- 
man script. The English styles are usually English 
round-band written upright, and the aim of some of 
the authors and publishers seems to have been to 
embrace all known letter forms. The American va- 
rieties, of which there has been a prolific crop, are 
all strongly infiuenced by the standard sloping style 
that has so long dominated the school writing on 
this continent. This influence is strongly marked 
in the forms of nearly all the small letters, in the 
narrow turns and hair lines, while most of those 
wbo have ventured upon the subject at all have 
illustrated and recommended the same position of 
baud and arm. 

5. — It is not to be assumed that the suggestions 
made in these lessons are final. Much has yet to be 
learned about writing. Should any reader of The 
Journal find what seems to be an important error 
in the inferences here drawn, or should any one 
have serious difficulty in getting the point of view 
urged, a question addressed to this paper will re- 
ceive careful attention, 

6. — It is now commonly acknowledged that the 
aim of our schools is not simply to teach reading, 
writing, arithmetic, etc., but rather to take the lit- 
tle children and promote their most complete devel- 
opment into men and women. Tbis aim must be 
kept in view in the special writing lessons as well as 
in those on literature or number. 

7. — Let us consider, then, the little child as he 
comes to onr schools. It is observed that except in 
rare, abnormal cases he has a well formed body, 
that he preserves while standing or walking the 
most hygienic posture, and that he will not sit long 
in an unhe.-ilthful position unless some circum- 
stances compel him to do so. We cannot improve 
him in these respects. We may to some extent 
change him, but the change will invariably be in 
the direction of deformity , The child, however, 
has wonderful adaptability. He will usually find 
the easiest way of doing things whether the condi- 
tions be lavorable or unfavorable. That is to say, if 
it is easier for him to do certain things in an un- 
natural, unhygienic position than in his natural 
posture he readily assumes the unnatural position, 
and this he will continue to do until the bad position 
becomes second nature. 

H — Now observe, in the case of yourself or other 
persons, that when the forearms are raised and the 
elbows retained at the sides the shoulders, spine and 
chest retain their normal relative positions, there is 
not even a tendency to assume an unhealthful post- 
ure. When, however, the whole arms are raised 
and carried outward and forward the spine begins 
to curve, the shoulders are drawn forward and the 
cheat more or less contracted, 

!) — In the next place, observe the position of the 
plane of the paper you are now reading in relation 
to the eyes. Give a book or paper to each of any 
number of persons and note how they hold it in re- 
lation to the eyes. Probably in every case it will 
be noticed that the paper is held with considerable 
slope, and usually from fourteen to eighteen inches 
from the eyes. With children the distance will be 
shorter, the angle about the same. If it were 
natural to read with the page in a horizontal posi- 
tion surely some one would have been ingenious 
enough to have designed a flat topped reading desk. 
If, however, in reading it is best to hold the paper 
with considerable slope, say from fifteen to twenty 
degrees, that must also be the best position in rela- 
tion to the eyes when writing, 

lO. — How does this apply when we come to con- 
sider the body, arm and hand? It has already been 
observed that to raise the whole arms and bring 
them forward tends to draw the head and shoulders 
forward, and when the writer uses a flat desk this 
tendency is greatly increased by the effort to bring 
the eyes into the proper position in relation to the 
paper. This is the unnatural position assumed by 
writers when resting both arms upon an approxi- 
mately flat desk. The position is even worse when 
the side is turned to the desk. One shoulder is sup- 
ported, the other droops; and, in addition to the 
other evils, lateral curvature of the spine is an in- 
evitable consequence. 

11. — Now let us examine the conditions with 
respect to a sloping desk. If the reader has not 
access to a sloping desk he should extemporize one 
with a piece or board or a wide flat book. Notice 
first that with a sloping desk nearly adapted to the 
height of the writer the elbows may be kept in the 
normal position at the sides, thus avoiding all tend- 
ency to draw the shoulders and spine out of posi- 
tion. The paper is brought at the proper angle 
nearer to the face, and there is no necessity for 
adapting the body to the desk in this respect. If 
the body inclines forward, as it usually does slightly, 
the bending is mainly at the hip joints, and tbere is 
no prolonged contraction of one set of muscles and 
a corresponding relaxation of another set as when 
the shoulders are drawn forward. There is do 
desire to spread out the arms and settle down with 
the chest against the edge of the desk. 

12.— If the inferences drawn from the experiments 
suggested in the preceding paragraph are correct, it 
must follow that only a desk with considerable slope 
admits of a truly hygienic position for writing. 

13. — Again will the reader raise the fore-arm, 
keeping the elbow at the side. Observe the position 
of the hand. Is not the palm turned inward? Con- 
tinue to raise the arm from the shoulder outward — 
does the position of the band change? Does not the 
palm turn downward as the elbow comes up? Are 
not these the natural positions of the hand for the 
respective positions of the arm ? It will not need a 
prolonged trial to show that with the palm of the 
hand down, upon a desk with a slope of fifteen or 
more degrees, freedom in writing is impossible, 
especially if an effort be made to maintain anything 
like the standard slope. As tbis is the only position 
of the band that will naturally give sloping writing, 
it follows that sloping writing is wholly unnatural 
upon a hygienic desk : nay, more, as an effective 
instrument of expression it may be said to be impos- 
sible. With the hand in the natural posititn on 
such a desk, the elbow at the side and the palm 
turned inward, we get the freest movement for ver- 
tical writing, 

14. — Unless you try the experiments suggested in 
this paper it is not worth your while reading a sin- 
gle word of it. 

r —The author of these lessons is glad of this opportu- 


Writing as Taught in Public Schools of 
Leading: American Cities. 

Reports for "The Penman's Art Journal " from 
City Superintendents of Schools. 

WE Kive herewith the fourth installment o£ The 
Journal's poll ot snptiiuteuileiits of educa- 
tiou in all American cities and more impor- 
tant towns with relation to the teaciiiDg of writing 
under their jurisdiction. In the past three issues of 
The Journal rt-ports have been published from 
many cities, among them Chicago. Philadelphia, 
Boston, Baltimore, Minneapolis, San Francisco, 
Albany, Salt Lake City, Toronto, Halifax. Wash- 
ington, Providence, Trenton. Jersey City. St. Joseph, 
Atlanta, Montreal, &c. The questions asked the 
superintendents are appended herewith, and those 
few wbo have not yet responded are cordially re- 
quested to do so. 

First.-Hnve you iovoMittalcd the rinlms ol verilonl 
"■'•.'ty'T t" »"y t'xtt'iiif If BOt whnt is your opiuloii 

of I lie b» 

1 tlli» CO 

._ ...itt' more or lews vt-ilunl lUan Iho 

copy ( 

A'civ Jiedfordf Mass, 

1 experimented last year with vertical writing in one of 
my grammar schools for some months, and the result 
obtaiued was very gratifying to the school and to me. 

We have been us.Ing Harper's series of copy-books, but 
an order was introduced at the last meeting of our Board 
which calls for the consideration of the Board of the 
question of change of the vertical system of writing in the 

Vertical writing recommends itself to us ; 

(1.) Because it seems to be acquired by the pupils more 
readily, that is. it moves along the lioes of least resistance. 

[2 ) The results are much more legible. 

(3.) It appears to have stronger hygienic arguments 
in its favor than the sloping writing; 1 think the tend- 
ency of pupils in our school is to write more slanting 
than the normal slope. W. E. Hatcn, t>vpt. 

A««' London, Conn 

1. I have investigated the vertical writing to some ex- 
tent, and will frankly say that I do not like it. I do not 
believe that pupils can be taught to write any more rapidly. 
It is also ungraceful. 

2. No. 

3. Appleton's series of copy books by L. D. Smith. I 
think the tendency is to write with less slant than indi- 
cated in copy-books, but in my opinion that is the fault of 

In Mr. Smith's own schools in Hartford the writing is 
beautiful. I regard him as the best teacher of writing it 
has ever been my good fortune to meet. 

Chtis. B. Jennings^ 

Bangor, Maine, 
1. Yes. Impression very favorable. 
8. No. Possibly. 
3. Yes. More vertical than copy. 

Superintendent of Schools. 

JSllchartf Jnd, 

1. Have examined it somewhat, but have given it no 
practical test. From a Imsiuess point of view it seems to 
me to be preferable to the other systems. Its clumsy, 
heavy appearaace is, perhaps, the greatest objection to it. 

2. No. 

3. We must use copy-books furnished by the State. 

D. W. Thomas, Supt. 

Cleveland, O. 

1. Yes. Too slow a hand. 

2 No. 

3. Spencerian copy-books ai-e used. Higher grades wrKo 
more vertical than copy. 

^U23erintendent of Public Schools. 

Aurora, III. 
1. Have not investigated very thoroughly. Am disposed 
to look favorably on the change. , 

3. Two of my teachers experimented with it in their 
classes last term. 
3. We use copy-books, regular slant. 

J. H. Freeman^ Supt. 

Guelph, Out. 

1. My opinion of vertical writing is exceedingly favor- 
able. , >. L 

2. Ic is being introduced in our schools. It has been 
taught only to junior classes; and for six months. Results, 
so far good. 

3. Authorized copy-books of Ontario used. 

1 til 11 

N. Taylor^ Inspecto 

^Automatic" PeumauAhlp. 

The handsomest specimens of automatic penmanship that 
we have heeu in many a day come to us with the compli- 
ments of A. B. Cui^hmao, Chicago, whose business an- 
nouncement will be found in another column. Mr. Cush- 
man has a remarkable command of form in lettering and 
an excellent eye for color, and the combination is ex- 
tremely pleasing 

Au Easy Way to Make Mouoy. 

Dear Readers.— I rend the correspondents' letters. Sorao 
raise im bushels of corn per acre, some raise three or four 
crops per year of many varieties, but when I read how that 
vounK man made S3.000 plating knives, forks and Jewelry. I 
'did not believe it. Yet. it looked so reasonable that I ordered 
a $5 platinff machine from H. F. Deloo & Co. of Columbus, 
Ohio. When unpiicked, to my surprise it went to work like 
a little Kiant and I looked on. It does the finest of goW, 
silver or nickel plating and is the greatest money maker I 
ever saw Anyone can get circulars by writing. 



Coiner of Cot Room-Llnch Hour. 





EIGHTEEN ycar> ago 
u hrand new infant 
opene** its blinking 
eye» to the wonders of 
th<! jouroolistic world 
and opened its lips to 
rec'-ive the nuraing-boltle 
helrl \>y nn anxiouit parent 
who had long looked forward 
t(j the event with hope and not 
without fear. That infant 
was Thb Penman's Art 
.TocRNAL. Wise doctors wbo 
had been apprised of its com- 
ing shook their heads and 
pointed ominously to a row 
of tiny tombstones half cov- 
ered by the moss of oblivion 
in a pitiful little weed-rank 
Imrtal plot consecrated to the tender dead of pemanehip 
journalism. But the parent had faith along with his hope 
and fear. Carefully he ntu'f-od the youngsttr and with a 
parent's pride marked its growth to lusty-lunged youth 
and thence to healthy, splf-reliant maturity. It is nearly 
_ old enough to vote 

now, and he still re- 
gards it with the 
same affection and 
pride that it elicited 
as a youngster in 

The Journal's 

passed in a crowded 
little room ap- 
proached by devious 
winding stairs that 
tried the souls and 
the feet of its visiting 
friends. The walls 
of the room were 






spiral-limbed deer 
that bounded'to the screams of wing-spread eagles in irre- 
proachable curl-feathers. Files of old-time "resolutions" 
rioting in variety of text according to the approved style of 
that day, and swathed with "flourished" embellishments, 
looked complacently down from somber walnut frames. It 
was all very good pen art for that time, representing an 
Imniense amount of labor and technical skill ; but pen art 
has advanced with giant strides in the past eighteen years 
and most of those old show-pieces— work and frames cost- 
ing thousands of dollars— are now, alas ! seen only by the 
rats In the su^^cellar of The Journal'h handsome new 

In the beginning The Journal had eight pages— aboirt 
one-third of its present size Practically all the work, busi- 
ness and -editorial, was 
done by one man, and re- 
quired only a fraction of 
his time. To-day it em- 
ploye the services of a 
score of busy people, and 
Its connecting art depart- 
ment is far the largest 
establishment of the kind 
■ in the world. This t-ingle 
issue coats as much as it 
cost to run the paper a 

maneot List." which was created at their suggestion, and 
which bus been the editor's particular pride and pet 
from the beginning, its membership bearing witness to the 
unvarying loyalty and goodwill of the great majority of 
those who have won professional eminence in our line. 
Enrolled on this \\i,X, also, are the names of hundreds of 
successful teachers and school proprietors who were hardly 
beyond their abc's 
when the first i?sue 
of The Penman s 
Art Journal cam-- 
from the press. 

When The Jorn- 
nal was established, 
the American ti^-hl 
of business educatiin 
was very differtnt 
from what it is to- 
day. There were 



schools in all entitled William a. Cowie, Art Depaf 

to be called business special representative. 

colleges, with a total 
nroUment of perhaps 5,000. A conservative 

based on data that t 
letter files and subscriptic 

year in its early days, and presents 
more illustrations and more iu- 
Ntruction in the various lines per- 
taining to the art for which it 
•-tands thau were presented in a 
year then. The subscription price 
IS tbe same, but the subscriber gets 
as much for ten cents now as The 
Hrtt subscribers got for a dollar. 
There are men within our profes- 
>ion— quite a number of ihem— 
whose subscriptions date back to 
the paper's establishment ; enrolled 
as life subscribers on our "Per- 

collated, and fortified by our 
lists, places the present num- 
ber of distinctive business 
schools and regular organ 
ized business departments 
of normal schools, literary 
colleges, etc., at 1,5C0; the 
number of teachers em- 
ployed at over 10,000, and 
the total studentenrollment 
, durmg the bard year just 
closed at 125,000. This does 
not include the more than a 
thousand special shorthand 
schools (except those that 
have general commercial 
departments) , nor the 
thousands of academies 
and other private schools 
that have taken up one or 
more of tbe commercial 
studies without organizing 
a regular department. 
This increase, unprecedented in the educational annals 
of any country, is born of the impulse of practical Ameri- 
cans to get right down to the bones of business knowledge 
with a dissecting knife rather than attempt to 
study tbe inner organism through the bide by 
theoretical telescopes. The demand of the times 
is for men and women who know how to do 
things that pertain to everyday life— and this 
is the work that the reputable business schools 
are doing. 

The business school of to-day is a radically 
different thing from what it was when The 
Journal was established. Then the course 
was mainly Penmanship and Bookkeepicg, 
with the accent on the former. Now it is 
these— and a great deal more. But penmanship 
remains the most pervasive branch. Most of 
the teachers are required to handle it— even 
those whose main work is on other lines, and 
practically all the students take it. If its posi- 
tion in the perspective of the commercial cur- 
riculnm has shifted somewhat, the fact re- 
mains that it is, and always must be, the one 
prominent feature common to all commercial 
schools. And it is also a fact, tremendously 
provocative of vanity in The Journal's con- 
ductors, that there is scarcely a commercial school of im- 
portance in existence where The Penman's Art Journal 
is not regularly read by the proprietors, by the teachers and 
by tbe more ambitious students. Fully three-fourths of 
tbe proprietors and a large percentage of teachers are en- 
rolled by request on our Life List. 

Onr Hantlsoyttehj KefiU^d Hnme. 

Friends of The Journal who have not visited us since 
last spring would be likely to think that they had got in 
the wrong place if they were to step from the elevator into 
om- remodeled home. Indeed, this has been a matter of 
•daily experience ever smce the renovation was completed. 
We now occupy the entire floor of a large Broadway office 
'building. Most of this space, 115 fert deep with ample 
frontage on Broadway, is thrown into a single apartment, 
unbroken by dividing wall or partition. Here are located 
the business and editorial offices, reception parlors and art 
work rooms. A stairway guarded by a handsome grille of 
Venetian bent-iron pierces the floor toward the lower end 
of this main apartment. Access during business hours, 
however, is had by means of elevator lower down the hall. 
which continues back from the grille a distance of about 
forty feet, leading to the shipping department and cut 
room io the extreme rear. This hail, threaded from the 
offices by a tastefully simple railing, has a noble wall- 

reach of more than a hundred feet, which is utilized for 
our main art gallery. Its color tone (and that of the other 
walUi, a subdued terra cotta, is enriched by tbe delicate 
blue of the ceiling and pillars. This wall is hung from end 
to end with pictorial designs, tbe product of the Art De- 
partment, an exhibit that we may safely challenge the 
world to match in point of numbers, variety, freshness of 
composition and perfection of finish. Every phase of pic- 
torial art, not only tbe penman's but the art of the general 
designer and ilIus>trator, is represented here by appropriatt' 
examples — pen-and-ink and brush ; blackand whites, 
monochromes in neutral grays and browns, water-colors, 
illuminations in gilt and silver; original hand work and 
reproductions by processes of lithography and engraving. 
Here a large brush design framed in carved oak, set in a 
wall panel of green-blue velvet; thei-e a book cover sketch 
—a little gem of color flashing from a shadow-box 
held in delicate fingers of beaten gold ; yonder a 
bank of diplomas massed in simple oaken moldings, melt- 
ing into an irregular group of illuminated testimonials, 
addresses, show cards, composite panels of banknote 
script and ornate 
commercial designs, w — .. 

art posters in color, 
figure sketches, 
architectural d e - 
signs, art menus for 
swell club dinners, 
borders and orna - 
ments — all artitt 
ically mounted in 
gold and oak and 
enamel and silk ani 
silver — each settin}; 
specially designed to 
enhance the value of 
the particular pict- 
ure it encloses and 
promote the general 
harmony and beauty 
of the ensemble. The 
other walls take up n Y -T " B 

this pictorial history 

of the progress and present development of the designer's 
art, and the story is further elaborated by specimen books 
and showcases bright with dainty bits in rococo, acanthus, 
Grolier, Monkish missal, and pages from albums that may 
have cost ten dollars or ten hundred. The frames alone on 
these walls represent an outlay that would purchase a good 
farm, and the work put in the designs they hold would be 
sufficient to cultivate it for a term of years. The cost of 
some single frames mounts up into the hundreds of dollars. 
It is a display that challenges the attention and elicits the 
admiration of every caller, be he truckman^ 
resolution ambassador from the Golden 
Gate Society, lawyer, banker, clubman, 
publisher, pnnter, lithographer, artist— 
and all these and many more are embraced 
in our extensive clientiHe. 

We will leave to the pictures herewith 
further details of tbe appointments of our 
attractive quarters. There are some diffi- 
culties of perspective that baffle the best of 
photographers when it comes to interiors; 
yet the work has been done quite creditably 
in this case, and, though incomplete, will 
give the discriminating observer a fair idea 
of our surroundings. All our mechanical 
work in the line of printing, engraving, 
lithographing, etc.. is done in outside build- 

At the Hub of the Metropolis* 
The location of The Journal's home is 
in the heart of the Greater Busiuess New 
York. Outside is the rumble and roar 
of the New World's greatest commercial 
thoroaghfare— the mighty Broadway, on which it fronts 
just below its intersection by Fulton, and in the immediate 
neighborhood of John. Cortlaodt, Dey, Liberty and Nassau 
streets. Maiden lane. Park row and other business-crowded 
highways of the melTopoli«. 

Visitors "doing" New York can find no better 
striking point than from The Journal's office. 
It is convenient to everywhere— the Brooklyn 
Bridge, Old Trinity", Bartholdi's ugly big girl. 
Miss Liberty ; the great office buildings, several 
of which house each enough people to make, with 
their families, a town of 10,000. 
Half-a-dozen blocks down to that 
narrow, dirty little bank-lined 
canon, through which an exhaust- 
lees torrent of gold plunges like 
bilgewater through the scuppers 
of a ship— Wall street. Here are 
the great money exchanges, amaz- 
ing Temples of Mammon where 
visitors may look down from gal- 
leries upon frantic men, dancing, 
gesticulating, shrieking in bar- 
barous unknown tongues, in the 
frenzied orgies connected with the 
worship of the Golden Calf. Here, with Father Washing- 
Ion himself on guard, is the Sub-Treasury where Uncle 
Sam stores his surplus millions. Here also is the New York 
Clearing House, whose stupendous monied transactions, 
since its establishment 41 years ago, foot up to more than 
a thousand thousand millions— twenty six thousand millions 
last year alone, when Wall street was desperately " poor " — 
$142,188, 724. i'S in a single day, and a daily average of over 
eighty-four millions. 

An uptown swing of tweuly minutes and the visitor is 
in the aristocratic purlieus of the Fifth avenue "diamond- 
back" district, where Vanity Fair dirports itself in all the 
pomj) and circumstance of luxurious Fashion. A detour 
of twenty minutes and his nostrils are assailed by the un- 
speakable reek of the East side tenement district, packed 
closer with human flesh and blood than any other piece of 
the globe — thirty jier cent, closer than the Coolies are 
huddled together in the densest quarters of Canton. Cin- 
cinnati's population in the limits of one square mile ! 

But greatest sight of all, most wonderful, most iaspir- 
iog, is Broadway itself with its working clothes on. Un- 
true to its name, at no point wider than a respectable 
village side street, the great trade artery at our location is 
more than usually contracted. A healthy boy could easily 
span the distance from cui'b to curb in a hop skip-and- 
jump. But he would find it mighty tiresome wailing for a 
clear field to practice the feat, except on Sunday. 

All through the business day there is the never ending, 
never diminishing human procession, crowding the side- 
walks, threading through the maze 
of vehicles at the crossings, darting 
in and out of doors and side streets 
like an enormous hire of bees. And 
tuward night, when the great busi- 

establishments are 
pouring out their hun- Il'il'*'r^< ■ ^-^ 

dreds of thousands, the »»'■"' 'vp» * *1 

sightisoneofneverto-be- /'['rBlIniJ I ST 

forgotten impressiveness. l! illlsjllll I i i| !?: * l! 

All New York and all the E Ji5?r.^j;iltt fl 5' lil Ef 

earth is represented in •'-U* o-y-j-u*™"/*.^ iSl.A^i»^ 
this most magnificent '>^^!'<^H>fff , « *W6*«^ 
spectacle which the Me- Y^^ * J,t^^ Jll!!^|P 
tropolis affords. The 4* ' _, '*^'"^*Vp 
sleek, rotund banker and ^ *3l= ^B 

merchant, flanked by red- [^^j^ Tf e ka h lable b 
fezzed Turks and white 

turbaned Hindoos; bell-topped dudes and ladies of fine?it 
feather, jostled by dirt-grimed laborers; swart daughters 
of Italy, enveloped in rank greens and pui'ples that smite 
the eye with a shock; swarms of typewriting girls, tired 
clerks, sedate professional men, droves of office boys; Ameri- 
Irishmen, Freuchmen, Cubans, pig tailed 
, Negroes, flerce-whiskered Norsemen, wild-eyed 
Russian Hebrews and immigrants from the ends of earth. 
White men and black; yellow, brown and all the tones be- 
tween. Millionaires and beggars and thieves— everybody 
from everywhere— hurrying, scurrying as though Gabriel's 
lips were pursed to the eternal trump and each individual's 
salvation depended OQ prompt answer to the roll call. 
Sounds, too, which only lower Broadway knows. The deep 
artillery thunderings of loaded trucks, punctuated by the 
musketry rattle of cab and carriage. Car gongs hoarsely 
clanging, vehicles clashing, drivers swearing, policemen 
shouting, street venders calhng their wares in a composite 
jargon of a dozen languages, screeching like Bashi-bazouks. 

'k^ca^iom ClTUtC d/oa UULIP 

Nowhere else such a miracle 
of human sight and sound and 
motion; nowhere else such a 
folk panorama, instinct with 
pulsing life, aflame with shift- 
mg color, as is framed against 
the monstrous piles of brick 
and marble that lift their 
rueged heads to the early 
evening sky of lower Broad- 

For the rest, come and see us. 
Our guardian angel will greet 
you at the door, and the 
legend she bears is 





It Sets the Pace ! - The BoHl-and Most of it." 

The Penman s Art journal for 
iQg^ {Nineteenth Year). 

The Journal in its new form, of which this is the first 
issue, will pi-esent more matter and a greater variety than 
everhefoi-e. For a more complete prospectus than we are 
able to give here, see the December issue. We have i-oom 
here merely to grive a skeleton outline. The strictly practical 
features of the paper will be stronger than ever, with gi-eut 
sti-ess placed on 


Rapid Business "Writing, by 

V Course of I^essons i: 

L. M. Thomburgh. 

Mr. Thoinbnryh's series began in December. They are laid 

' ! believe, will prove more help- 

r large business 
establishments — i n - 
.^hipping, cxpi-ess of- 
tices. lawyers' offices, 
Movement— De 3k Position— Speed— Form, etc. 

Each iraporttint topic servinu- as a basis of a sort of sym- 
iiosiuni treatment by several well-known tcachcre, to be 
followed by a free-to-all discussion. 
Model Business I^etters— Capitals- Exercises, etc. 

A iiu-^e tnnnuiit of material on those lines has been col- 
IcLtetl and will be freely used the coming year. 


Professional Writing, 
by C. P. asaner. 

This series will be invalua- 
ble to all who hope to be- 
come professionul penmen 
and teachers or are such 


Course in Pen Lettering, 
by John F. Briley. 


uf pen nork, eniiro8!«- 

work, 4ifplniuaN. mid 
meronntUe work. etr.. 
br The Joarnnl's own 
incompnrnble borne 
stafl'of nrtisil uennien i 

BROWN, and by leading 
pen artists throughout 
the country. Our flrat se- 
ries began with Mr. Cow- 
ie's beautiful Thanksgiv- 
ing cover design The 
striking Christmas front 
page design by Mr. John- 
son led otf last month. 
The rich and powei-ful 
new title page which we 
present in this issue is by 
Mr. Rollinson. 


!'■ i'l I 111' l;ii-r-I Anii-f ir.ui nl II-., 1 1 irhuiing ChiCflgO, Pllil- 
Iptii:! .ii].i I! i>iMri, ai'^' li .i.liin_: ii mi their public schools— 
L-ji-.i rMhivn r!_\ . \\r bij-iu ill thi> issuc a complcte 

irse of Instruction in Vertical Writing, by A. F. 
Mr. Newlands is Writing Supervisor of Kingston, Ont., the 

"* ■"* "--3 side of the Atlantic to adopt " •' — -' 

-,.„. ^.side of the 

ably presented by the best 

Course of Instruction in Drawing, 
by I^angdon S. Thompson. 

Prof. Thompson is Director of Draw- 
ing iu the public schools of Jersey City, 
and has ii national reputation as teacher 
and author of standard works relating 
to this branch. 


■tmcnt AnntlR 
interest to begin in Febri 

reach thousands of teachers 

situated that they cannot apply withf)ui 
considerable trouble a coui-se primarih 
intended for graded schools. Mr. Hou^^ 

phases of this work. Supvr. Webb of 
Nashville, whose excellent coui-se of 
■instruction in drawing was finished 
with the December issue, will con- ' 
tribute other independent papers on 
this and other lines. 


All the old time fcaturcn to which our readers 
have become attached will 1)C retained and the 
paiKT will be more liberally Illustrated than 

Amonx the well-known penmen from whom iw 
have already rrjxived rpertmem tor early Insvr- 
tlon In Thb Joi;r»ai- (a bird on paper Is worth a 
dozen In the bottle) are Lyman P. Spencer, A. P. 

'cl^eAJTUuui Q^iC (iX'tcinaCp 

forget the little ten cents. No Tree samples. Sub. 
prioe of BCBIHESS Jobhsai,, $1 a year. Present 
Buh«!ribere for Pbnman's Art Joihjsai. may 
(ret the new paper by sending enough additional 
to what they paid for the P. A. J. to make $1.5i- 
the special combination rate for both papers. 

No more Sincle October Jonrnal-. 

"' --- -nly supply Journals for October. 

that year. Price SI per 

send us a copy of the 

Works of Instruotion in Penmanship. 

Amea' Guide to Self-lDalracllon In 
Prarilral and .4rll«tlc Penmannbip.- 

isefui book is what Its name implie 

heavy paper binding. Price when sent other- 

ill d 

offers that Include back numbers 
", are hereby withdrawn. We 
subs, further back than No- 

Addltlona to "TI>e Journal" Force. 

the last JouRNAl. came from the preM 

^11 ($1). Cloth ffii 

have added t«M ui..n: ..^... o...^.. 

r art staff-Frank S. Pellett, who wao wm. u; 
several months ago. and E. L. Hrown. late of 
Hockland, Me., who Is well known to all readers 
of iicnmanship llteratui-e. Sooner or later they 
nil gravitate to 202. May be i/ou are thinking of 

Ames' Copy-SUpa Tor Self-Instrnctlon 
In Praclleal Peiimanslilp.— This covers 
about the same ground as the Guide, but in- 
stead of being in book form it is composed of 
movable slips proj^ressively arranged and con- 
II. cauic liwui u.1^7 ,-.^™ , venlent for practice. Full Instructions accora- 
well known penmen to \ pany the Slips, and the whole Is inclosed In a 

.....^ _, !.i. .,„ neat envelope. This work also has had a very 

large sale Independently of 

— - -- .._ premium 

at 50 cents a set. The Copyslips " will be sent 
prem. for one sub. ($1). 

Boot, H. W. Kllcklnger, D I,. Musaelman, D. H. 
Fark^v. I'leldliiir S.'h.lli-M, I'. 1,. .stuhbs. .1. A. 
W<w<-". .1 >i I ii ' 'i:. I I hi"«ii. I'. I. 

Weill.' r II (I II i • II 

ShattiH i. .1 II .ML. I I - i. . 

L. C. II II I' I: 

tal,.I. |-. lliiiii ' I- I ■■ 1 ■ hill. "I. 

8. E Iliu-t(nv,.l. II I. 'I. 1.1 \\ - I ii.iiii- 
l»rlnln,J.M. \Hi.. Ill I M III 11.1/ I' l: 

Lllllbrldgc, I.. M K "■ i y I II' n- 

ton, A. McMli li.i. I V \ \\ I'll . 

A.H. Mi-vrill. I '. \i' ■ 'ii'l' ' I ' Mill-. ' 

Freil /i! II 1 1 -I I ' 

Wllc.\. .1. ii" I: " : ■'■' 


I hn 1 

r . M. L. 
M. L. 


The work from the above mentioned penmen 
Includes business wrEMriH:, profcwionni writinti;. 
niitoKriiphs. lloiirj.shitiir. ornamental work, una 

ill. hi'liiK ihf! proleft* 


r It Is our plan to publish Tub Penman's Akt 
JouuNAi, on the first of the month and Tni 


-wxfiili i>iii In thf higgest y* 

./- fiiiwirs. Thcink on the. Dec Jouh- 
- h.u.hi 'in/heffyre a new ordfr fitr these 

• I '•■ '" I'hKxd rvtth the manufacturer. 

• in i.ii-ijifm'vouagain. 

' ~^ A Beautiful Stick Pin. 
HK .UH'HXAL has had specially manu. 
luctured from its own desigrn a very 
neat stick pin. to offer as a premium 
to subscribers. It is made in solid 
silver, also in solid gold, and is so 
chaste and artistic that it is equally 
appropriate for young and old, lady 
and gentleman. It may be worn in 
the scarf, on the coot, vest or dress- 
and is suitable to all conditions and 
for all occasions. The cut given here" 
with is about actual size. We selected 
the pen as being the most suitable em- 
blem for penmen, teachers, book- 
keepers, stenographers, clerks and uU 
who have to use the pen, and we have made use 
of the quill pen because it gives opportunity for 
the most artistic handling^. It will be a sort of 
, word for its wearer and will serve to 

mtroduce him to the wide-spread brotherhood 
and sisterhood who handle the pen. We hope 
■ery subscriber will become a wearer of 

■ill s.tiil ThbJou 

Ktae (124 x 32); Cenlennlal Plciiirr of 

Pros:reH8(:^4x28): Oram memorial (22 \ 28); 
! Oarfield iTiemorlal (1R x 24); Orant and 
I^lncoln Eulo:;^ (24x30): (llarrlaee Cer- 
tinf-ateaSxSS); Family Record fl8 x 22). 
Choice of the above beautiful and elaborate pen 
designs (lithographed) sent as prem. for one sub. 

Jiuidv^ (iHiiTJhiii iVjiinrfL.;") 

Microscopic /rK"-si?7i(/€ of Title Page. Size of 
book, 8^4 X \\%. Price, heavy manilla binding, 
$1 : cloth, with gold stamp, Sl-50. 

No penmanship publication ever printed has 
had a more enthusiastic reception than Ames' 
Book of Flourishes. It gives 125 beautiful 
designs, delicately printed on superfine paper — 
most of them masterpieces, by 72 of the world's 
leading penmen. No such collection could be 
procured outside this book for SIO. We will 
send the book in manilla binding as premium 
i for one sub. and 10 cents extra (81.10). For two 
I subs, ($3) we will send it and any of the pre- 
miums announced above for one subscriber. 

We will send the Book of Flourishes in 
I best cloth binding for one sub. and 50 < 

Thh IUtsinrss .Journal will be mailed next 
week. Over 4,(H«) of the 5,0(10 copies which will 
c()nstltute the edition have already been placed. 

1 want a cnjiy st'nd for It i 

Fitr two dnUar» we will send two copies of The I 

Journal {to different addresses, if desired), I 

■, and the solid gold pin. Or we | 

will send The Journal for two years and the I 

solid gold pin. 

Or, for those desiring to be placed on our per- 1 
manent list for two years, we will send the solid 
gold pin as premium for a remittance of $1 now. 
I'he other dollar to be remitted at end of first 
year. Present subscribers may have their sub- 
siTipti<ms extended and thus avail themselves of 
this offer at once. A jeweler would charge at 

nd don't least gl-'iO for the gold pin. 

Sprriaf Cliibbittg JteducttoiiJi. 

In order to give every earnest and ambitious 
student a chance to be a regular Journal 
reader in his own right, not a sponger on the 
bounty of others, we make a very liberal re- 
duction for clubs, as follows ; 

Two subs , t\'^0 ; three subs.. $1.65 ; four 
and more, 5V cents each. 

If you have been a cluh subscriber for the 

East year and think that The Journal would 
e worth a dollar to you the coming year, we 

shall be pleased to have your renewal on that 
basis. If you can't afford that sum. your sub- 
scription may be sent through our nearest 
agent at the clubbing rate. 

If ther« is no agent convenient, write us at 
once, stating the fact and inclosing 60 cents 
for your renewal. We mean to have an act- 
ive, capable agent not onlv in every school 
but in every community. If there is one of 
this kind near you, you must know it ; if not, 
•there should be, and it may be your oppor- 
tunity to get the paper foryourself and friends 
at the reduced clubbing rate. 

This offer is an experiment with us, the pur- 
pose being to establish new agencies, and 
should be taken advantage of at once. 

In no case do we authorize or wiH tee coun- 
tenance interference with a present capable 

TItis pnrfteroi>li mnrke^ wlt*i_bluc pencil 

nil tha 

Hub -iib- 

IndicnleK tliul tout HithNcript I oh has expired, 
hat we Hlinll hi> irlnrt in bnvr voiir re- 
I. ^iibNcrib 
. t Ii 
No b 

■ dny N rn T n-r ■•> mil vmir 

>. If you hii%<- Irli >. Iiool. nil Ihe 

,_ ._ J>i-iincb Ihnt iiermentes 
ofbiiatucfi^innd ifi nii inipor 

y day Hwork. Where el 

you KOt half HO much for the money? Bi 

h Ihnt lie 

■y day Hwor'k. Where el» 

„ o much for the iiii * " 

•ro-OAYI AddrcHB all biiHln 

nil cbecko, orders, etc.. pnynblo lo ibe piib- 
lii«her8, A>IES & lUttlAKTHtS CO., 'iOZ 
Hroadwny, New Aorh. 

For years we have wondered why a good ink 
well could not be put on the market at a 
reasonable price. An ink-well that prevents 
evaporation and taking too much ink on the 
pen, etc., has so many parts and is so compli- 
cated and high-priced that the average pen- 
man, bookkeeper and student has stuck to the 
old solid glass common ink well. When Mr. 
J. J. Wilson of 359 Broadway, New York, 
walked into our sanctum and placed one of his 
"Pneumatic Ink Well Stoppers" on our fifteen 
cent glass ink stand, he converted it into a SL-'iO 
patent ink well, for all practical purposes. It 
operates under the slightest pressure, allows 
the pen to get just the right amount of ink, 
prevents soiling the fingers, and prevents 
evaporation. It is made m several sizes and 
can be fitted to any size of bottle or well. 
The cost is 25 cents for any size. 

Hlnman's Grooved 'Writlne Exerclaea. 

We have received letters from Prof. A. H. 
Hinmau of Worcester, Mass . in which he ex- 
presses great enthusiasm over the success his 
Grooved Writing Exercises are meeting with 
in various parts of the country. He has been 
shipping orders daily for several months and 
striving to reduce tbeir cost to schools. He 
believes that swift practice in grooved letter 
exercises is the only way that teachers can 
combine the perfect formation of letters with 
rapidity of movement so that an entire class of 
learners will, from the start, write swiftly and 
accurately. Prof. Hinman has written a very 
interesting advertisement, found elsewhere in 
this Journal, which we commend to onr 






riodern Pen Lettering. 


Nil. i. 

Modiftiil noma ti. 

THE alphabet presented herewith illustrates one 
of an infinite variety of artistic forms that can 
be wrought out of the standard Roman letter. 
Draw each letter in pencil, taking care that the 
proportions are correct, the curves gracefully 
rounded and the letter nicely balanced, before at- 
tempting to finish in ink. The heavy strokes should 
first be drawn in outline and afterward ruled with 
ink, using a ruling pen. T-square and drawing board. 
If you haven't a T-square and drawing board a 
couple of triangles will answer. It is not necessary 
to pencil the small ornaments on the sides of the 
letters. These may be pnt on after the letter is 

In making headline, follow out the instructions 
given in lesson No. 2. Here we give another style 
of flourishing which is better adapted to this style 
of lettering than the ordinary dash flourish. Keep 
the lines gracefully curved and always direct them 
toward the barren places, as their main object is to 
fill vacant spaces. 

Be as original as possible in all your work. Try 
making these letters with the ornaments turned in 
a diflEerent direction. Here is a good chance to bring 
in some of the styles of finishing shown in Novem- 
ber lesson. Introduce new ideas of your own. Try 
making your name in the style of the headline and 
see how it will look. 


School and Personal. 


NDER ordinary circumstances, news 
items, catalogues, etc., received in 
The Journal office by tbe 15th of a 
niontb will be noted in th« issue for 
the following month. If received 
later, the chances are that the notice 
will go over to tbe next issue. We 
have only a certain space that we can 
devote to matter of this character, 
important as we esteem it, and when 
that space is filled it Is necessary to wait for a " new open- 
ing. " Some of our frieuds seem to think that items sent a 
few days before they receive their Journals should have 
appeared in that i>sue. They probably do not consider 
our space limitations, the great number of people with 
whom we are dealioK and the further important fact that 
a portion of The Journal may be printed at least a fort- 
night before the complete paper is mailed. The Journal 
aims to be a complete mirror of the profession it repre- 
sents and is always glad to present frfsh news notes of in- 
terest relating to any reputable individual or school iden- 
tified with this profession. Necessarily, however, these 
mentions must be very brief. In sending newspapers, etc., 
with articles for notice, it is much safer to call our atten- 
tion to them by letter. Even then they are liable to be 
overlooked occasionally, as we receive an immense amount 
of mail, and we ask our friends to call our attention to 
such omissions — and not jump to the conclusion that we 
are ignoring them, as some have done. 

— Unless all signs fail, the schools of practical education 
are experiencing a revival equal to the gradual improve- 
ment noticed in all other lines of business. We have re- 
ceived many letters recently from school proprietors con- 
veying the pleasing information that business is beginning 
to pick up wonderfully. 

— The Topeka, Kan., B. C, of which L. H. Strickler is 
principal and H. L. Wallace is penman, sends out a finely 
illustrated, handsomely printed, cloth bound business like 
catalogue. It takes brains and money to get up such a 

— Glenwood. Minn., Academy is a new school, with the 
commercial and penmanship departments in charge of O. 

A. Ferring, formerly of Willmar, Minn. 

— Tbe Louisville, Ky., B. & S. B. C. comes to the front 
■with a catalogue that must have cost a mint of money. 
The cover is beautifully lithographed, there are many fine 
half-tone engravings and the mechanical work is of the 
best. James Ferrier is president, E. J. Wright, vice-pres't 
and sup't. and J. B. Luckey, sec'y and penman. 

— C. M. Robinson, late penman at the Toledo, Ohio, B. 
C, is manufacturing Robmson's Thermal Bath Cabinet, a 
portable hot air bath, and reports bright prospects. 

— G. W. Moothart, an experienced penman and com- 
mercial teacher, is now president and proprietor of the 
River City B. C, Portsmouth, Ohio, having purchased the 
institution from John Graham. 

— The Spencerian B. C, Philadelphia. T. H. McCooI, 
principal, has secured new quarters in the Baker Buildmg, 
1520 Chestnut street. 

— The People's College. South Bend. Ind., is the South 
Bend C. C. enlarged and extended, as the new announce- 
ment puts it. In addition to the usual commercial and 
shorthand departments there are an academic department 
and a conservatory of music. Wm T. Boon is president 
and Homer J. Miller secretary. 

— "A Small Catalogue About a Big School at Chilli- 
cothe. Mo ," is tbe catchy title of Prejjident Allen Moore's 
latest brochure. It is neat and concise, and should boom 
that well-known institution. U. G. Alexander, the penmaa 
of tbe school, is doing good work in his line. 

— Tbe Eugelhom, Helena, Mont., B. C, has secured the 
following new teachers : A. W. Peterson, peu.and book- 
keeping ; Bradeu C. Haynes Pitman shorthand and tel- 

— The Erie, Pa., B U. does not confine its instruction to 
text-books or its own instructors, but has arranged a course 
of fifty seven lectures by prominent people on about all sub 
jecisof interest to a commercial student. A mostfexcellent 
idea, well planned, and shows the band of Sup't J, P. Byrne 
in it. 

-— S. P. Eckel is president and proprietor and Jos. 
Leming prin. of the Bradford, Pa , B. C, formerly Clark 

B. C. 

— Among the recent visitors to The Journal office 
were: H. E. Burdick, card wrtter. Presr.nn, Conn.; M. L. 
Miner. Pratt lust, Bronklvn ; Emerv Oliver, Albany, N. 
Y ; W. C. Ramsdell, Drake's B. C, Jersey City. N. J. ; J. 
W, Harkins, the former penman, but now a playwright, 

New York ; E W. Blnser, Columbus O. : W. A. Warriner, 
Toronto, Ont. ; H. C. Spencer. W. Y. B. C, J^ew York ; A. 
L. Spencer, Yonkers. N. Y.; H. W. Flickinger. Philadel- 
phia ; Miss Murray, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

— The Penrod Training School, Columbus, Ohio, with 
F M. Choquill. manager, and F. B. Hofman, counselor, is 
the newest business college in the Buckeye capital. 

— A very smail envelope containine a tiny card in- 
scribed " Gladys Marie Trenary. Nov. 26, 1894, 8 pounds," 
explains the cause of a double celebration of Thanksgiving 
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. O. L. Trenary, Kenosha, 
Wis. Mr. Trenary is principal of the Coll. of Com. in that 

— A few days ago we had the pleasure of grasping the 
hand of that prince of penmen, U. W. Flickinger of Phila- 
delphia. The writer had not met him since Dec, 1884, 
when Mr. Flickinger sent him out into the penraanit-tic 
world bearing a diploma witli the autosrapb of H. W. 
Flickinger at the bottom. He is the same modest, unas- 
."suming gentleman— always praising the work of others 
and criticising bis own. 

— CM. Immel of Millersburg, Ind., was elected re- 
corder of Elkhart County. Ind.. in tbe recent political 
landslide, receiving the largest majority of any county 

— The all-round penman, designer and illustrator, G. W. 
Wallace, is now artist in chief of The fwneer Precis, St. 
Paul, Miun. — tbe great Republicandaily of the Northwest. 
Here he will have a chance to exercise his remarkable tal- 
ent in making cartoons, portraits, sketches, etc. 

— A. J. Taylor has disposed of bis interest in tbe Taylor 
Bus. Coll., Rochester, N. Y.. to W. H. Halicy. 

— The lectures by Prin. W. L. Mason, of the Metropoli- 
tan School of Shorthand (Pitmant,New York, in the free 
series to teachers, are arousing much interest, 

— In a letter receutly received from Wilbur R. Smith, 
pres't of the Com'l Coll. of Ky. Uni., Lexington, Ky. he 
says that his school has enrolled at present students from 
twenty States. 


— Tbe Sharon, Pa., daily papers had some very flatter- 
ing notices lately about Sweet's Coll. of Com., of which S. 
M. Sweet is proprietor. 

— Walton Woolsey is contemplating starting a private 
school of bookkeeping at Altamont, Ky. 

— Messrs. Lockyear & Wilson, proprietors of the Colum- 
bian B. C. Evansville, Ind , are moving the school into 
new quarters especially arranged for them, and will occupy 
an entire floor of a convenient building. Tbe Evansville 
Journal praises the enterprise of the managers. 

— The 30th annual announcement of tbe Springfield. III. . 
B. C, shows a number of beautiful engravings, including 
a splendidly printed half tone of Pres't H. B. Chii'ken. 

— T. J. Williams, formerly of Racine, Wis., has opened 
the Williams, B. C, Pasadena. Cal. 

— Tbe Clark B. C. has been succeeded by the Butler, 
Pa., B. C, with J. M. Bashline pres., and C. E. Menglc, 

— The Marshall. Mich., B. C. is a recently organized 
school, with H. L. Rucker, pres., and O. A. B. Spjrboe, 

— J. Alcock, prin. of tbe Platteville, Wis.. B. C, reports 
his school as flourishing. 

— On the evening of December 20 the Goldey, Wilmisg- 
ton, Del., C. C. gave its ninth annual souvenir Christmas 
entertainment, and, judging by tbe programme sent us, 
it was a jolly occasion. Tbe Pbila. Banjo Club, Mr. Sam'l 
Durham, humorist, and other professionals, furnished the 

— The Toledo, C, city night school, was turned over to 
the Steadman B. C. of that city, and tbe IochI papers are 
full of praise of tbe success of the new arrangement. 

Movements of the Teachers. 

M. D. Fulton, Conant, III., is a new teacner of book- 
keeping in tbe Indianapolis. lad., C. of C. R.J. Sullins, 

one of Bro Alexander's Chillicothe. Mo., graduates, has 
charge of the penmanship d^p't of the Steelvillt*, Mo., Nor. 
School. R. E. Morgan has succeeded A. C. Davisson as 


~ Parker & Gold are operating two schools C E. D. 

Parker beiug prin. of the Hutchin->on, Kan., B. C, and E. 

W. Gold, prin. of the Emporia, Kan., B. C. 
— Born in Missouri, of Southern stock, ot English, Irish, 

Scotch and Dutch lineage, W. T. Parkf. priu. of the Pen- 
manship department of the 
N. I. Normal School, Dixon, 
HI,, hardly knows what na- 
tion to side with in a grand 
international row. But he 

is Americ 

lated to 
Wayne " 

blood it 


through ; 


" Mad Anthony 
Coming from 
ins of fighting 
s all tbe more 
remarkable that Mr. Parks 
has chosen for a life work 
the demonstration that tbe 
pen is mightier than the 
sword. Mr. Parks received his general education in the 
public schools of his native State and Versailles Institute, 
Hooper Institute, and his special tiaining in Central B. C, 
Sedalia, Mo.; N. III. Nor. School, Dixon; Zanerian Art 
Coll., Columbus, Ohio, and Webb's Institute, Nashville, 
Tens. He taught country school, city school, studied law, 
and since turning his attention to penmanship has held 
positions in the following schools : Akinsville, Mo., Nor. 
and Com. Inst.; N. W. Nor. Sch., Stanberry, Mo.; S. E. 
Mo. State Nor.; Dallas. Tex , B. C. ; Southern Coll. Pen 
and Art, Nashville, Tenn., and bis present position. Mr. 
Parks is prepared to teach tbe commercial branches as 
well as penmanship and art. He is doing great good for 
the cause of busine.'^s writing by impressing his ideas on 
the thousands of teacbfrs with whom be is brought in 
contact in that great iustiiution, the Northern III. Nor. 

prin. of the Kokomo, Ind.. B. U. C. W. Kitt is man- 
ager of the com'l dep't of Tilford Collegiate Acad., Vinton, 

la C. C. Kagey is instructor in comUdep'tof Columbus, 

Ind., B. U. O. H, Brickley has been engaged as teacher 

of shorthand in the Huntington, W. Va., B. C. J. C. 

Bowser has severed his connection with the Erie, Pa. ,B.U., 
E. J. Malany of Pawtucket, R. I., is the latest addition to 

the teaching force of the same school. H. C. Ulmer has 

been elected prin. of the newly organized com'l dep't of 

York, Pa., public schools. W. E. Caton has succeeded 

H. D. Fink as teacher of com'i branches in Niagara B. C, 

Niagara Falls, N. Y. Eaton & Burnett's. Washington. 

D. C. Coll. has added W. M. Wagner, the penman of 

Eagle Rock, Va., to its faculty. J. C. Webb has opened 

a night school of penmanship in Pittsburgh, Po. 1. W. 

Saunders has succeeded G. F. Clarke as pres't of tbe 
Arkadelphia, Ark., B. C. 

Xeic Cataloffuts, School Journals, Etc. 

Bright, well-gotten-up catalogues have been received 
from the following schools : Amity College, College 
Springs. la.; Stillwater, Minn,, B. C; Tacoma, Wash., 
B. C. ; The Stenographic Institute, Ann Arbor, Mich.; 
Fort Scott, Kan., B. C. ; Warriner C. of C, Toronto, Ont. ; 
So West Kan. Coll., Winfield ; Fayette, C, Nor. Uni.; 
Trinidad, Col.. Actual B. C; Omaha, Neb.. C. of Short- 
hand ; Garden City B. C, Saa Jose, Cal.; Rutland, Vt., 
English and Classical Insc. 

Among the we I printed and edited school journals 
were those received from the following colleges ; Merrill 
B. C, Stamford, Conn.; D*ikota Normal Col., Sioux Falls. 
S. D. (two); Greer Coll., Hoopestou. III.; Wausau, Wis., 
Bus. Inst.; Gem City B. C, Quincy, 111.; Boone, la., 
B. C; Eastman Coll., Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; Afton, la,. 
Nor. Coll.; Nat'l C. & N. Coll., Denison, Tex.: Draugbon's 
Practical B. C, Nashville, Tenn.; Rutland. Vt., Eng. and 
Classical Inst.; Washington, Pa., B. C ; Wisconsin B. U., 
La Crosse, VVis. 

Iipi^llj^ lifniTllin nnni/n '^^^^^^^ course— two NUMBERS-CIii press). 
H r A I H \ lAl nil INI KllllivN ^'^'^'^^^ COURSE.— FOUR NUMBERSHKeady). 


This series is the outcome of the experience of the author in large city schools in which good penmanship, as shown in all 
the wriltea work of the school, is one of the objective points. The books are closely graded, and are adequate forthe entire 
primary and gr.immar school work. Some of the features are the Marginal Copies, the Combination of Movement with 
Form Study, the Graded Spacing, th% opportunity for practice without ruled lines, the phin current business capitals. 

Correspondence with regard to their introduction solicited, 
>*°>"5 D. C. HEATH & CO., Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicago. 



The Nobhai- RKvrew System of Vebti- 
CAL Wbitism.— iJy D. H. Farley, teacher '>r 
writing State Normal School. Trenton, N. J.. 
and W. 13. OuonisoD. Brooklyo. N. Y.. Pul.lic 
SchooJ No. 19. Publihhed by Silver, Burdett 
& Co., Boston, New York and Chicago. From 
our knowledge of the teaching ei|«^rience and 
ability of Messrs. Farley and Gunnison w>- 
expected when ihey took up the preparation 
of a series of vertical copy-lHx>K8 for theii 
Normal Review Svsiem of Writing somethinK 
practical and teachable. An examination ol 
the bookn now on the market (Tracing Course 
Nos. 1 and 2; Reiiular Course, 1 to 10, in- 
clusive) shows us lljat we are not disap- 
j)oinled. Hi.ecial attention has been given in 
preparing the alpbalwls to have the letters 
plain, the formw easy to execute and the join- 
ings made BO auto permit cpf the greatest speed 
and to avoid frequent lidincof the pen. This 
has been donw without sacriDcing legibility or 
lieauty— in fact, the copies in this series retain 
much of the grace found in the cerles ol 
Klanting books by the rame authors. This sys- 
tem of veitlcal writing was lately introduced 
into the public (•chools of Coicago, supplant- 
ing all slant writmg books. 


—By Seymour Katon, director of Department 
of Business, Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, pub 
lisbe^l by American Book Company, New York. 
An exercise manual (lit pp.i and a book 
of blank forms make up a unique plan oi 
teaching bookk« cping, business forms and cu— 
toms. In teaching t>ookkeeping, written jour- 
natlzing is otnittvd and the student's thought 
is connected most intimately from the trans 
action it^ielf to the ledger. He Ifarns to do \<\ 
doing. There are 2(Hi exercises and as man.\ 
real buslnes'* like blanks in which the transac- 
tions are to be written up. The instructions in 
the manual are clear and couci'-e and cover a 
wide range of very practical transactions. The 
Itlanks include about everything used in the 
largest of business hou«eR, such us bills, note!>. 
drafts, checks. Utters, telegrams, bills of lad 
ing, receipts, statemeuis, payrolls, balance 
sheets, deposit ticketf, orders, etc. 

Twelve Lesbons in Business Writing.— 
E. E. French, prin. pen. dep'r, Draughou's B. 
C, Nashville, Tenn., has recently published a 
little pamphlet saving instructions about posi- 
tion, movement, speed, form, etc., and copie.- 
nnd instructions for business writing, i he 
copies are pure business writing, the instruc 
tions common sense, and the work is very 
neatly gotten up. it should be a success. 

A FiBST Yeab in Drawino —By Henry T 
Bailey, State Supervisor of Drawing, Mass., 
nubhshed by Educational Pub. Co., Boston, 
New York ond Chicaco. Cloth, V* cents. Mr. 
Bailey first gave the chapters of this bouk as a 
series of lessons in lYimaru Raucntion, and 
they were so popular that they have been put 
in book form, neatly and substantially bouud 
and printed on heavy pH per of excelleut qual 
ily from clear t> pe. It is n book that should Ite 
in the hands of every primary teacber whn 
teaches drawing. It is written in a bright. 
chatty style and smacks of a love of children 
and the true teacher's spirit throughout. 

PRArxiCAL Drawino Port Six. The 
Cylinder— By A. C. Webb and ii. W. Ware 
Pub. by Southwestern Pub. House, Nashville. 
Tenn. Every line in this little cloth-bound 
hook of forty-eight pages is practical— ever> 
drawing (and tijere are scorts of them) ditto. 
It is fully up to the other parts, five in num- 
ber, reviewed last month. 

ThkTrocble of Living By F. B 
Hoffamn, of the iVnrod Bus. Training School, 
Columbus. O. Puhli>hKl by Arena Pub. 
Co. Boston. (Cloth ?l.i;5 ; paper. .'»0 cents) 
"Thf Trouble of Living Alone" is one oi 
the most recent ndditi)Ds to the Arena Series. 
It is the work of a new writer aud is a verv 
strange atd unusual story. The book isuently 
priuttd and handsomely bound and presents a 
handsome appearance. We believe that Mr 
rommercial school pro 
novel duiii g 189^. 

handsome appe 
Hoffuiau is tbf 
prietor briugii g outa 

" They »av Green h^s been wandering in hi: 
mind lately." 
" AVell, he's safe enough; he can^t get far." 


To liec 
"SUC^Mnmon Se 

Diioo, ni. 

04*w»i-j 2yTiC 'ZA-uuiaU 

Business College 


Largest Oldest"* Best^ 


* BusinessShoithandEn^Iish* 

NosrLuxuRiousLY Furnished Schoolx^America 



Pidcltcdl famtiariiywithSjjiness PnnciplQand ^mmereial usage) 
fs Essentia) lo« (^noucf ofan/ financial &\!erpnse 

TiRjT national COLLECE BANn 




Business Firms Supplied with Help 


III. NortuAl iSchool. 

nade entirely of metal and 

tiuest marking: ink 

1 lar^e sheet containing^ plain and fancv alphn- 
bols with instructions mailed in neat case tor 

this for ajientd. 

Send for Catalogue '' L " 



GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1S80» 






> writ mi!, wUkh have liad i 


1 estate offices, etc.. wa'nt one 
the thin^ to become an exnert 
Ask for terms when ordenng-. 
width strt»ke. 

R. L. McCREAD' . 
10 Sandusky St.. AUeffheny, Pa. 

;il>' proffseluual pens. uV wlitcii 
as specified : 
w.. 200. 281 and 65y . Crow Qu Ul ', ai 

No. lOtKMthemost delicaie pen raade>, six cents e 
The cost of these pen^ is such that FREE Si^l 
PLES ere m POSSl BL.E. 


BEKRY BOE. SoiE Aot»i,»lJobn Mfffi. .^pu Y 




ird : DO strain of eyes. han<l or body, 
, acfurate, easy and reliable Send for 
lar. Maebloea renter! on trl^ 


'u niTi. n tr St. I.oiiIk. Mo. 




are the best for leacherB of the BKN N PITMAN and 
OKAHAM SveteTTH. Tn demonstrste their Biiperlorlty 
we win send, FRKE. forexamlDatlon. II r>.py in sepa- 
rate lesKon fibeele cr Id ret^ular h'mk form. Please 
meutfon this Journal and \ 

iSi^^^f^/.^^/t:'. ^J^lf rj:utna6 


N«\v Urntiv. A New itiul KevlNcd Eilition iif 


i^'i PiiccH. rri.r. postpitiil. Sl.-^O. AN« iMihli-lud in imilR. 

Adopted by ihe Public Schools of New York City. St. Louis, Mo., &c. 

The Hon. Jons L. N. Hunt. LL.D.. Ex-Presldcut Boani of Education, New York City : 

" Your latest puhllcatlon, the 'ConinleiePhouoKraphic Instructor,' has beeu received, and I have esani- 
liied tbe same with the gretttest pleasure. It la, indeed, 'complete.' and It would be Impossible to pack more 
or better arranjierl material, hotfi in the beginner's part and also in the advanced course than yon have done 
ill ttds book. A3 an old PhonoKrapher. I am particularly taken wllh Cliapteis XXI. iiud XXII.. and the whole 
of Part II.. 'Speed Practice.'" 

Specimen Pages Sent Postpaid. 

TAKE LESSONS at the Isaac Pitman Sletropoiltan School of Shorthand and Typewriting, 95 Fifth 
Ave., Cor. 17thSt., N. Y. Thorough Instruction. Circulars free. 

Want a Practical Education? 

You can get it all here — the very best that is to 
be had anywhere. For years the Chaffee Institute has 
had a national reputation as the great representative 
Shorthand School. Now we have the regular business 
branches in addition, by no means neglecting the im- 
portant branch of Penmanship. Spanish, too, from an 
educated Spaniard. 

No Exlras- 



Chaffee't Inslllute. 

fee (and that a mode 

paya for l( all. 

What more could you ask ? 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there \vere only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand Manual 

(Columbian Revision- I6th Edition.) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 




Awanled the Medal and Diploma at the World's Fair. 
Only a few years before the public, it is now used by thousands of Ste- 
nographers and adopted into 40O of the Leading Schools and Colleges. 
Most Popular, because it is the SIMPLEST, most LEGIBLE and RAPID. 


Vowels follow consonants in their natural order as in longhand. 
Sentences written by it with less than an hour's study. 
Speed for practical work with 6 to 12 weeks" study. 

Superseding all others wherever impartially investigated. Trial lesson and cir- 
culars FREE. Mail instruction. Text-book sent responsible schools for examination. 

WRITE H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 

• ^A Revolutionary Departure in Typewriters. • 


• Shorthand Schools ! 

J Shorthand Teachers I 

Business Colleges I 

his own T: 
lition period. 

• Irrespective of Price— The Best— Trial Proves It. , 


ijlnglt) Bheei. Color 

ery Kood quality found In oihKi 

uachlnes, and has 

8 of superiority 


18 {.nd General Ufflce.s, 23d and Arch Stree 
Philadelphia, Pa. 


The Best— Trial Proves It. J 

LAR5 of our plan and Speclmeu Color Work. # 



Pi-iC6 of the llith edition, revised to date, «1.50. Proper disconuts to Schools and Bookseller 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

tW Schoot^ropriftors wishing to communicate irith thornwjhtu efflcieni teachers o/ Dai/S sy!>tvm are in 

EVERY Hhortltaitil tenolier, wriicr ami schonl proprietor will be lutereetfd in the 
ill ai tide III THE nrSi>ESS JOl RXAL (ready uext week), ^end lO cts. for copy. 

AHES* & R«L,L.IN$ON CO., New York. 

Legibility r^'^ the Acquirement of Speed in Stenography. 


A work of Bvent value lo sienoeraphers and typewriter operators. A sure yuide to 
legibility and speed in shorthand, and a revelation of tlie possibdUies of the typewriter. For the writer of 
any system based on the Pitman alphabet. 

The text was produced on a No. 2 RemluBton typewriter and then photo-ltthographed In the highest 
style of the art. The only hook ever produced entirely on the typewriter. 

Twenty-nine pages of beautiful shorthand, cotislstlng of an original contribution from every official 
fte}iogra2)hfir in both Boiises of Congress — thirteen in all— and other stenographers of national reputation, 
and fac-slmlle reporting uotes of three of the leading court atenographers In the country, accompanied by a 
key. The contributions were specially prepared for this work, and are written In the nhortband of their 


- befoi 

Ished. Itin pnttes. haiidsoinel 

rtth, withKlIt t 



Box 313. Washington D. C. 

The No. 




Many Notable Improvements 
successfully incorporated into this 
new model, retaining the essential 
features of simplicity and durability 
for which the Remington is famous. 



jkSir 'l/en/naM Q^^CQy^at/iaCJ 

W. T. Parks. Dixon, III. 


# School 


Advertisements J 

, „ 

Int. 9% 10 da. 

^inZHKT 1S = 


W. J. Kinsley. Manager, 

Broadway, - - New V( 


V^'^^ '%^%^ ^ V^ '^■^■%^%/4 

Special to Sckools 
and Pennien. -m 





'" " I ' 'I' «me orldlnal. with no extra 

" "' I ■ u;i (.rlutlng, makcB the Kj-jji-cm 
'' iii> valunbrp to schools employ- 
'"' ' 'I ,' ' '. ii!»wellas to professional pen 


irlit d 

Over ICK 


th b n tin I Ir 

The Expert Rapid Calculator? 

w] T Is an Epitome of Practical Short-Cuts in Business Calculations, intended to assist that large class of young men and young 
Tjj , women who aspire to fill acceptably those positions of trust and honor where speed and accuracy in figures are ever at a 
C^ premium, and a compendium of useful information for teachers, designed expressly to assist them in presenting the science 
of numbers in such a way as to secure the best results. 

'^■5 MapificBnt Photo-Engraved Pen and Ink Designs/^ 

PROr. e. p. ZANER. 





^ # ^ 

The designs are all new and works of art. They are printed on heavy plate paper, with wide margins, suitable for framing. 
They have never appeared in a penmanship paper, and this is the first time they have been offered to the public. 

OFFER— Until further notice we will send a copy of "The Export Rapid Calculator" and the five designs to any address 
for $1.00 and five 2-cent stamps, Address, 

c«RBN. I. N. s. KMDD. B. c. C. C. REARICK, Dixoti, III. 

Note — The "Calculator" alone is $1.00. The designs arc not for sale other than as stated in above offer. 

The specimens of prnmanshlp above mentioned are worth more, far more, than a dollar to anyone Interested In fine penraanshlp 
They are very boiuuifiil. The Expert Rapid Calculator Is a very valuable work, one that every young man and young " 

have. It la an up-to-duto work.— A. N. Pauibr, Editor Western Penman. 

" Why, Mary, hare you come back to be a 
hired girl again f I thought you left us to get 
married and have a hoube of your own." 

"So 1 did, muiu." 

" Well, what have you come back for ; " 

"Well, ye see. mum. John'sdonepurty well, 
an' we kep" a bireii girl. too. and I'm kind of 
tired av the way ot life. I thought I'd like to 
come back an' be boss again fur awhile '— Sf 
Paul Day. 


that you liuve enough 
spHre time to become a 
Designer, Newspaper II- 
d Hen artist, 
by mall? Our newest cat- 
fUOKue, beautifully Illus- 
trated by students all 
he world, will tell 

mo. Also.wecarr^ 

made to order. Addn 

Designers and Engrav 
-arnam Sts.. Omaha, or 
Lincoln, Neb. 

See Here ! 

Have you tried my new 
" Artists' " or Diamond 
tJloss Ink ? If you have 


6s North Clark Street. - CHICAQO. ILL. 

The above Is a reduced fac-^imne of one of our l%inch advertising rulers. On the 
the rule is printed special matter (name, location, etc.) of the particular school orderini?. Tho 
matter on both sides may, of courae, be varied to suit purchaser. 

Advertising /. Rulers, 



Before making plates \ye send proof on paper for approval. 

NATIONAL ADVERTISING CO., Seneca Falls, n. v. 




k. ROM all parts of the country 
" lens for this col- 
inth. In fact, so 
great the variety 
and so well executed are Ibey 
that it causes us no little an- 
noyance not to be able to give 
each one a more extended no- 
tice. But space is limited, 
and we must not encroach on 
that allowed to other feat- 

— A. B. Capp, sup't of Heald's B. C , San 
FraDcisco, although nearly h'i years old, still 
has a swing to his writing that many a younger 
penman would be proud to hove. 8ome recent 
specimens prove this. Mr. Oapp has been out 
of school work since March, owing to nervous 
exhaustion. His thousands of friends all over 
the country are hoping for his speedy re- 

— We have a large photograph of a set of 
resolutions executed with pen and brush by L. 
M Kelchner of the H. P. N. C, De Moines, 
Iowa . The work is well laid out, strongly ex- 
ecuted, and embraces quite a variety of letter- 
ing and writing. It is a very creditable piece 
throuehout, and Mr. Kelchner has reason to 
feel proud of it. 

— Among the well written cards received 
during the month were those from C. W. 
Slocum, Columbus, Ohio: L. G. Egelston, 
Rutland, Vt.; F. A. Curtis, St. John, Mich.; 
Amos W. Smith, Warren, Fa. ; W. M. Engel, 
Reading, Pa. 

— Three cabinet size photographs of as 
many different pieces of artistic pen drawing 
in as many different styles have been received 
from U H. Platto, Hoosick Falls, N. Y. Oneof I 
the pieces is a copy of the portrait that appeared , 
in Wallace & Lockwood's lessons in portraiture i 
in The Journal some months ago! The other ' 
pieces represent a binder and reaper in opera- 
tion, and a tire engine. The work is remark- 
ably strong, not in the least amateurish, and 
would warrant Mr. Platto devoting himself to 
artistic pea work. 

— From E. L. Burnett, B. & S. B. C, 
Providence, the old-timer who has kept him- 
self in the background for some years, we have 
received a large variety of unique specimens 
of writing and flourishing. They are prints 
from copper plates and show beautiful, accu- 
rate work. Bro. Burnett is both penmau and 
engraver and seems to be equally at home in 
both lines. 

— In the line of flourishing we have re- 
ceived a large number. E.H.Robins, Wi- 
chita, Kan., doesn't let business writing kill 
his flourishing ability, if we may judge from a 

late flourish. C. C. Canan, Ypsilantl, Mich., 

makes a few strokes tell a whole story. F. B. 

Moore, Indianapolis, believes in simplicity and 

shows it in hisdesign. H. L Saylor, College 

Springs. la., like all Gem City boys, knows 
how to flourish, antl he put some of his " kuow 
how " on a sheet we recently received from 

him. A. D. Skeels, Chatham, Out , has lost 

none of his flourishing skill, as a batch of 

dainty flourishes recently received prove. 

.Tno. Rockwood, Los Angeles, Cal., always 
sends out something odd, and the designs be- 
fore us are both odd and artistic. W. T. 

Parks, Dixon, III., doesn't pose as a flourisher, 
yet some of his birds have most striking poses. 

W. H. Beacom, Wilmington, Del., sends 

several graceful designs that attest his skill in 

this line. 1). J. Penrose, Randolph. N. Y., 

sends a brace of daintily flourished birds. C. 

C. Lister, Clevelaad, O., drops a graceful s 

into thebpK for bis contribution. Juo 

Siple, CHiclnuati, sends a striking design 

C. E,-Dr Parker, Hutchinson, Kan., makes a 



Kcejis ink tiglitly corked 
while you use it. Ink 
alnays fresh, clean 
and nuid. Noevap- 
oration. No drops 
from the pen. 
No Inky Fingers. 
C-inuot injure the 
point of tlie pen. 
If bottle tips over 
Ink Cuiinot Siiill. 

Saves it cost over and 
over. JIade of the best 
soft rubber with glass 
^ funnel ; will last for 
years. In fonr sizes to 
tit any inkwell. Sample 
|by mail, 25 cents. With 
handsome glass ink well, 
60 cents. Agents icanted. 

.1. .1. lVII>SO\, 

359 Broadway, Mew York. 

Make Mo"ey- 

9. Knife. Send 

,1 cards with a knife < 
icautlful designs. You can earn fraiii 
aUaday at it. I am Ilw oriffinj 
lie Ariof "Ca«t^ouo^tl■»l•ll^." i 'H 

o anypersoa that can do WTk r>|ii:(i n. n 
et D. T. Ames be the Judge. I mil n tor- ■ 
,ud let me show you how WuU- \-'i\ ki 


Principal Pawtucket Business College, 
Pawtucket, R. 1. 

Williams & Rogers 
Rochester - Business - University 

s Schools and Is ackn 

olqu'' position ) 

e demand for ft 

and Cunada, and 

i and Information 

explicitly thelrwishes. Addn 

Rochester Business University, 

Rochester, N.V. 

w. J. 


Consulting Accountant. 

sof stndy and helps for business and 
normal schools. Business practice work a 



100 HOURS 


the foremost school of practical writing In the world— 5,000 s 

ig copy-book 
I to the writs 


e feet of Qoorage, and over 95,000 
L complete and <leclstve departure 
I Is the paramount feature, which 

I In the evening! 

am! 'explicit Instri 

I making from .$75 to $200 a month 

tally be made by teaching this s 
vertising. organiziny audfeaWii 
g the winter. To complete this 


5">^ X H Inches, fully Illustrated and substantially bound In cloth. Price 50 

•J. "Bixler'8 ExerrWe Booli/* consisting of numerous phj-sical training 

pages, size 0x8 Inches. Price 35 cent** . 
3. *• Mountains of Dlamourts,'* the peculiar title of a monthly educational paper, de- 
voted especially to Blxler's popular system of physical training In writing. 10 pages, 
size 9x12 Inches, finely printed on flrst-class book paper, price 'Zi cents a year. Sam- 
ple copy mailed free to any one for inspection. 
The price of all the above is 81, as you will see, but as we want more teachen anil agents yve 
111 send the three publications to any one for only SO cents. Address 


The Cottimercial Capital of the South. Present population 109,000. Estimated pop- 
ulation, IS years hence, 250,000. 

Young people should see this great progressive city before locating elsewhe-" ^''" 
climate is the finest in America. At present the weather resemble 
weeks of May in New York State. The summers are not so hot as 
states. Truly " 0/ice an Alianlian, ahvays an Allaniiany 

And in coming to Atlanta young people may take advantage of one of America's lead- 
ing commercial colleges, for if it is true that "teachers make the school," then 

ThetAtlanta Business College Istands at the head. 

Young people are cordially invited to this college from every State and Canadian 
Province At present our patronage extends from Bartow. Fla., to Toronto, Ont. 

Courses: Business, Shorthand. Penmanship, Mathematics, English, Elocution and 
Mormal Training. Special attention given to the preparation of commercial teachers. 




unclng that he 

VisitiuK Cards. WeildinK Stationery, Tnvilntioos and Progr 
meuts, Corresi>oudence Stationery ^tauipeil 

Orders also solicited for all kinds of high-grade Commercial Prlntli 
Business Cards, Note and Bill Headings, Diplomas, Account Books, etc. 
B \n either 



ines lor School Entert 
Colors, etc, ^ 

Lithographing, Checks, 

nd prlci 



^Fine Stationery ! 

OBLIQUE HOLDER, long, slender, 

scienuhcally adjusted and beauliful, 


OUR FINEST PENS, for profes 
sional writing, per gross, $I.OO 

OUR IDEAL PENS, for young pen- 

***\ Fine Stationery 

SUPERB PAPER, wide and faint 
ruled on one or two sides, per ream, 
by express, $> 9° 

THE BEST INK, for professional 
use, nearly half pint bottle, by mail, 
postpaid, 40C' 

I'int Bottle, by express, 6oc. 

By Attending ZANERIAN ART COLLEGE, Columbus, Ohio, 

Yo.i can educate the heart to feel by being in the society of the best class of young and middle-aged people to be found anywhere ; by being treated kindly 
and as though you had faculties of your own, and were expected to use them ; and by being dealt with honorably. You will find here an atmosphere which 

" '^^" You crn"frain the head to think by listening to the lectures given ; by reasoning out a plan of practice ; by discussing the v-arious methods and their 
. merits ; and by studying Psychology, Physiology, and Anatomy. You cannot well remain in the school any length of time without becoming thorougniy 
\ aroused mentally You can accustom the hand to act by directing its movements under the guidance of experienced teachers ; by practicing a series oi scien- 
tifically graded e.xercises; by studying closely your faults and then correcting them ; and by doing actual work for engraving, correspondence and display/ 

22 it^^^n 

Hinman's Grooved Exercises. 

i,r,.„, ,„.d afl^prac The Bcst Aid ever InveiiUd for M.iking C.ood Writers. 

ECrEL"£? Pupils and Teachers Delighted. 

^ ay 

^ Ay 

GHOOVED copies art* eoiiuncndod to the favor of teachers i 
never been ahlc to protluce swift plain business writeis « 
liookn. Obscrviiii.' t.vufii-i-- know tliiit yc-iii-s S|jiiit |jy ii |.u|.i: iti 

letters with v-i. i - m ■ :,■•■- ■! ■ .! ^ -v, ,•, i .,.,_; i, ' i.'- 
unreadablesi-i'.i ■. ■.'.■>■ ■':■ ■!■' •' - ' '■■•I '■■ ■ ■ "■' ■■■■ ' 
B«rlft plain \vr 
pupils - 

I IClll'lll 

virt 1 

an'l 1 


I the skill to makf them. The-itic 
wUh cnpltiUs and smiill letters wi 
iiIsM he scut ppintefl Illustrations u 

III II H'' I ni .-Id-sses at thi-ccccnt- pi 
J. '■' iMi'i . unci each ciiitl will ■ 
^. ih. [, I, her of all work . ^ 

i: I'u iii'-ccnt stamps will i ■ 


A. H. HINHAN. Worcester, Mass. 

isists of thirteen plates (oi^ x 8^ inches each) photo-enjf raved from 
'•■'■"'■ ■ "ebi ' ' ■ ■ 

iiM! and how to proceed wi 

study of the work gi 

the "back of each plate, telllntr 
_,-■ ycopy. \Vithcareful 

riills's Compendium 

Hliowinjr prop 

correct idea <if iinw tu tcuih vertical writing: in- 
thirtcen iilatcs, 11 sheet of illustrations is iaclosed 
of hand, body and paper, 
inclosed In h substantial en\'eloi>e and sent to any part of the 

' losei 

?ipt of fifty cent«, 

Mills's Compendium of Vertical Writing 

jsjunt '(uch a work ils touchci^ and home student,- will need Addre?sat n 

E. C. niLLS. Bushnell, ill. 

nal College. 

THERE is no better way of teaching the children in o 
schools the principles of patriotism than to keep constantl 
before them the pictures of such men as ^ ashington and Lincoln, 
The Stuart Atheneum Portrait of Washini; ton is one of ournational 
treasures. A reproduc- m a piiikin rnii I *'°" ^^ f'^'s portrait 

by a well-known Bos- 
gained the praise of 
critics and educators in 
ood aiul correct likeness of Abraliam 
Lincoln has been produced by the same tirm. These prints are 
known as the Public School Edition. They are printed on India 
paper, mounted on heavy plate paper; size, 24 x 38 inches; 
price, $5,00 by express, prepaid. 

has been brought out 
ton firm which has 
the most important 

I he country. An equalh 

The District School Edition. 

In order that every school throughout the land, however small, may- 
possess excellent and reliable portraits of Washington and Lincoln, the 
publishers have brought out a special edition of these two portraits It 
is printed by a special process, on heavy plate paper, size 22 x 28 inches; 
price, $1.00 per copy by mail, postpaid. 

SPECIAL OFFERS. We have made a contract with the publish- 
ers which enables us to make to our subscribers the following offers : 

No- I— For S3 we will send to any address the Journal of Education, 
weekly, $2.50 a year, and your choice of one of these portraits 

No. 2— For $1.50 we will send to any address the Journal of Educa- 
tion for five months and your choice of one of these portraits. 

The Journal of Education is a sixteen page weekly, edited by A E, 
Winship, and is acknowledged to be the leading publication of its kind 
in this country. 

Please note that the above offers apply only to the District School Edition. 

Address all orders, 

New England Publishing Company, 

3 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

Missouirl Teaclhen 



plete list of Public School Teachers in the State of Mis- 
J'.v'^-^v n'/^',-'" °' ""^ AMERICAN SCHOOL AND COLLEGE JOURNAL. NeTrly 
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V^it^^uuiaS 23 

riovement flethod in Penmanship. 

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Catalogues and circulars descriptive of these and our other publications will be furnished 
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PiRST Lessons 


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send for free specimen pages of the above books and illu! 

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^ I ^ n E old year's gone, a new is bere; 

*■ Tbe new we welcome, tbe old revere. 
'Twns good, DO doubt— 'tis goue, 'tis past, 
There dawns a better day at last. 
Tbe u heels of time turn round and round, 
UootI ibinps are lost, but better found. 
Tim old ycuis die and new are born, 
The darkest niybt gives way to morn. 
AnH to with books, tb-y come and go, 
ServiDK their |mi poso till found '* too slow." 
We think it oftlimes very btrange 
That some will boast " "Without a change, 
Is this good booK, in thirty years," 
When progress Is the cry that fills our ears 
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Typewriting Instructor comes next on our list, 
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There is no book published its equal in merit. 
Which you will admit if you only compare it. 
Plain English will teach you the very best way 
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To have been fir=t used by us, a plan of our own. 

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To save one's brains, and simply use what you see! 

A very small book is the next one we offer, 

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A constant companion, so there's no chance for abuse 

Of our words, for this book will tell 

Parts of speech, bowto divide, pronounce, and spell, 

Use of capitals, and principal parts of the verbs. 

And the plurals of nouns of 33,000 words. 

Our Bookkeeping though is most impoilant of all. 

Published in three books: Tbe Progressive is small. 

Yet gives the theory by Single Entry and Double, 

And twelve sets that are worked with slight trouble. 

The Mercantile contains all there is in tbe first, 

With new matter added on business and trusts. 

Our Shorthand is a book full of queer little marks, I The third, conUining this and much more, is 
The Fitmanic alphabet, and is the joint work ' Complete, 

Of reporters and teachers of national fame. -^^^ '*^'s bard for any book of the kind to compete 

This book has made for itself a name, I ^**'* i^^ virtues ; text, script, and printing in colors 

For 'tis a practical book, like all of the rest -^^^ ^^^ ^®®* *** ^ ^^^ ^^^ *^^^ thousands of dollars. 

And of those that are published is endorsed as the best, ^bese books all belong to our Practical series, 
Commercial Law is a book of which we are proud— Published at Cleveland, on the bank of Lake Erie. 
Ite Ulustrations so helpful,', by all are aUowed ' \vrTte aroLT?o*^4"o"irp'"r^ors'ir^^ 


* There s a new foot on the floor, my friend. 
And a 7iew face at the door, viy friend, 
A new face at the door'' 


—> CLEVELAND I, -OHIO ^-^'^^-\ 

Supplement to the Penman's Art Journal, January. i8qs. Vol. 19. No. i 


:AhL I'l 




^ The proceedings of the W. P. A. at Lincoln came too 
close to The Journal's lime for publicatioD to admit of 
more than a bare news report in tbis issue. More ex- 
tended treatment of the various papers and discussions will 
be given in subsequent is-ues. 

The convention was well attended, enthusiastic, and in 
every way successful. The official roll shows the follow- 
ing members as present and paying dues, except those 
designated by an *, who sent their dues with regrets at en- 
forced absence : 

Enrolled Members. 

A. N. Palmer and Hattie Cook, Cedar Rapids. la.; C. A. 
Fnust, Chicago: P. A. Westrope and A. L. Gartner, Albany, 
Mo.; E. H. Robins. C. D. Look and F. E.Reppert, Wichita. 
Kan.; A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn.; * J. O. Gordon. Rocky 
River, O.; * C. P. Zaner, Columbus, O.; ♦ J. S. Merrill, SprinK- 
tleld, O.; H. Champlin, Cincinnati. O.; G.W. Brown and * G. E. 
Nettleton, Jacksonville, 111.: E. E. Gard. E. M. Coulter and 
Isaac Mulkins, St. Joseph, Mo.; Chaa. A. Smith, Wellsville, 
Kan.: Dan. Brown, J. C. Olson, Mary A. Corbett, E. H. Hen- 
ningrer and E. E. Ferris, Lincoln, Neb.; H. K. Noel. Tarkio, 
Mo.; Henry Clausen, Scribner. Neb.; Alice Cary Couffer, 
Aburn, Neb.; F. F. Roose, G, H. Lockwood and Ella HuKhes, 
Omaha, Neb.; J. H Schoonover, Denison, la.; George F. Og-g 
and James S. Curry, Fremont, Neb.; Carrie Tobey and Frances 
Tobey. Oakland. laj Prudy L. Allen. Broken Bow, Neb.: W. 
F. Giesseman and * J. M. Mehan, Des Moines, la.; * O. A. Whit- 
mer, La Porte. Ind.: ♦ Miss Lillian Forde, Clinton, la.; Miss 
Harriett Blood. Council Bluffs, la.; Miss Josie Norton. Miss 
Viola Waller. Charles aty. la.; Mildred McGowan, Big Rapids, 
Mich.; Cora Oppenheiraer, VilHsca. la ; Dora Davis, Sterling, 
111.: W. N. Simpson, Baldwin, Kan ; W. S. Haynes, I^enox. la.; 
H. E. Reister. Centerville, la.; W. C. Stevenson, Emporia. 
Kan.; C. C. Lister. Cleveland, O.; R. H. Peck and S. G. Stemen. 
Shenandoah, la.; E. E. Utterback. Salina, Kan.; C. A. Bern- 
hard. Effingham. Kan.; C H. Shattuck, Holton. Kan.; F. L. 
Haeberle. Normal. Neb.; H. E.Byrne. Brunswick, Mo.; A. E. 
Parsons and E. E. Gaylord, Creston, la.; A. F. Stolebarger. 
Ottumwa. la ; Emma Martin. Beaver Crossing, Neb.; N. S. 
Westrope. Harlan, la.; W. J. Kinsley, New York. 

First Session—fVedneaday, December VC, 1894, 

Convention called to order at 10:30 a.m. by President 
A. C. Webb. 

First paper on programme was by W. C. Stevenson— 
*' The Origin and Development of Writing." Mr. Stevenson 
treated of writing from the earliest records on stone, lead, 
papyrus, the picture-writing (or drawing) of the Indians, 
etc. The paper showed careful research. It touched inci- 
dentally ou slant, as found in the writing of 228 students 
of the State Nor. School, Emporia. Kan. They wrote 
at the following slants: 40'-, 2 students; 47^.3; 49° 2- 
50^.4; 52% 12; 53^,8; 54^,2; 55M0: 56'^.4; 57". 10:.58%4- 
5^,16; 60% 14; 61%8; 63M6; 6.3«'.20; 64%4; 6.5%8: 66',2- 
tiT^'.ia; 68% 16; 69% 6; 70% 16; 71%4; 73%8; TS'^.S; 76% 1 • 
VT**, 3; 78"^, 6. Mr. S. thought that these figures repre- 
sented the students' natural impulse, as no restrictions as 
to slant are made at the above named school. 

K. L. Haeberle presented " Forearm Movement in Public 
Schools" in a way that showed he had studied the subject 
closely. Tbis paper and most of those delivered at the 
convention elicited discussion, freely participated in by 
the members. 

"Theory vs. Practice in Bookkeeping" was ably pre- 
sented by H. E. Wilson of Lincoln Nor. Uni., who be- 
lieved in a great deal of practice and but little theory. 

W. N. Simpson, on very short notice, handled the topic 
" Rapid Calculations " in a manner that brought out many 
strong points. 

A paper, "Scientific Investigation of Fraudulent Hand- 
writing," by D. T. Ames, was read by W. J. Kinsley. 
Mr. Ames holds that in nothing else a man does and leaves 
of record is his personality so shown as in his handwriting. 

Thursday's Sessions, 

The first topic Thursday was, " When to Introduce the 
Pen in Public Schools," and was ably opened by Miss Har- 
riett Blood, Supervisor of Writing and Drawing in Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa. She advocated the use of the pen in the 
first year, and said that in the Council Bluffs school it was 
first used nine weeks after the opening of school. She ad- 
vocated tpacbing movement in the first grade. 

Being put to a vote it was unanimously decided that the 
pen should be introduced the first year. 

The question of teaching " muscular " or forearm move- 
ment in The lower grades was discussed by Miss Blood, 
Messrs. Kinsley, Utterback, Champlin, Stevenson andMul- 
kins, and brought out the point that nearly all the mem- 
bers having had experience in teaching children were in 
favor of it. 

" Will Penmanship Become a Lost Art ?' was answered 
in the negative by J. W. Warr, who argued that the inva- 
sion of the pen's old domain by the typewriter tended 
to emancipate the pen from the old time drudgery. 

" Tbe Metronome, Row to Use It in Public Schools," 
was the subject handled by H. Champlin. He sets the 
metronome so as to tick once for each stroke of the pen. 
For the more advanced grades the metronome is set faster 
and ticks for down strokes and long slides. 

" Writing Lesson for Advanced Commercial Students," 
by E. H. Robins, brought into play music as an aid to 
keeping the rhythm while writing, and Prof. Lichtenstein 
of the Western Nor. College presided at the piano to the 
satisfaction of all. A variety of ways of counting the same 
exercise were developed during this and Mr. Champliii's 

Inauswer to a question as to why he didn't whistle for 
the students, Mr. Robins replied that ' ' Robins don't 

" A Cieneral Education " was the topic treated by G. W. 
Brown of Jacksonville, 111. It was an excellent talk and 
Mr. Brown made a strong plea for a higher educational 
standard. Pres't Webb added a few words of commenda- 

"Intercommuoication in Business Practice," a subject 
that had been assigned to S, H. Goodyear of Chicago, was 
well handled at short notice by J. G. Perkins of the W. 
N. C, owing to the absence of Mr. Goodyear. 

A letter was read from the chairman of the commercial 
section of the Natl. Ed. Assoc, asking the co-operation of 
the W. P. A. toward having a writing section added to the 
N. E. A. It was unanimously voted to render all influence 
and aid possible. 

The members were tendered a reception and entertain- 
ment in the evening, at which a hearty welcome from the 
city of Lincoln was extended by Hon. N. S. Harwood of 
the Lincoln Commercial Club. This was appropriately re- 

sponded to by President Webb. A delightful programme 
of music and recitation was enacted by Prof. Lichtenstein, 
Miss Lucia W. Raines and Miss Florence Worley. The 
pleasant hospitality of President and Mrs. W. M. Croan of 
the W. N. C, extended in their parlors, rounded out the 
evening in a way the members will not soon forget. 
Friday's Work, 

Friday forenoon was devoted to the Shorthand section 
and many instructive papers were read. Among them : 

"Shorthand in Public Schools," Miss Julia M. Fay; 
"Typewriting, How Best Taught ? " H. W. Lowe; "How 
to Teach Shorthand?" paper by A. J. Barnes, read by 
A. P. Barnett ; " Shorthand as a Science — Theory," Dan. 
Brown: " Shorthand as an Art — Practice," Myron E. 
Wheeler and T. P. Wilson; "Typewriting Correspond- 
ence," F. E. Van Buskirk. There were also interesting 
discussions participated in by those above named and 
others, including C. H. Rush, "A. C. Webb, Bert Betts, 
Walter H. Stephens. 

Later in the day there were interesting exhibitions of 
speed writing on the Remington typewriter by T. P. Wil- 
son, and speed writing in shorthand by Messrs. Wilson, 
Barnett and Betts. In the latter a maximum speed of 287 
words was developed by Mr. Wilson. 

The Convention voted unanimously to make the SbortK 
hand and Typewriting section a permanent feature. 

Vertical Mas an Inning— A Fietd-Day for Say. 

A stirring time was had at the afternoon session, led off 
by Rev. George A. Ray. with a paper on " Vertical Writ- 
ing, the Writing of the Future." Mr. Ray is well-known 
as the author of Ray's Rapid Round-hand system. He 
made a strong plea for upright writing, especially the kij^ 
that is exemplified in his system. The resulting discussion 
was very generally participated in. Mr. Ray's ready tongue, 
prime fighting qualities, infectious good humor and un- 
doubted sincerity won round after round of applause, even 
from those who are " unconverted," as he puts it. The 
Convention gave him a unanimous vote of thanks. 

Other interesting features of the closing session were : 

" Discipline, In and Out of School," skillfully handled by 
F. F. Roose. 

" Copy-books : Their Use and Abuse," in which A. E. 
Parsons prodded the copy-book advocates with a very 
sharp stick and crossed lances with H. Champlin, who de- 
veloped equal enthusiasm on the other side of the ques- 

" Movement Drills," a careful and helpful paper, hj W. 
F. Giesseman. 

" Caricatures : Their Use and Abuse," which gave G. H. 
Lockwood an opportunity to exhibit his pencil facility to 

Chicago was choseq as the next place of meeting, to be 
held in holiday week. 189.5, Wichita, St Joseph and 
Cedar Rapids were also represented in the voting. The 
following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 
President, AV. J. Kinsley ; Vice-President, E. H. Robins ; 
Secretarv, Miss Harriett Blood ; Asst. Secretary, C. C. 
Lister ; Treasurer, C. A. Faust ; Executive Committee : 
C. A. Faust, Chairman ; A. N. Palmer. G. W. Brown. 

A stenographic report of the proceedings was made, and 
J. W. Warr designated to edit the same for pamphlet pub- 
lication. Retiring President Webb "was made happy by a 
gift of the gavel, unanimously tendered. 

[Pace 25 



I ©bio. 



UiblUhMl IM.'^. Butlnf-M.Sh/.rthBnO. Pt-nrnnnshlp. 


A. D, WILT, President. Long MStabUshed. Tbor- 
uueh aoil inexpensive. 

ntiriually. Open alt 

WrIU- tor full 

. MEEB, f'r 

[Aorter of ;i(j yearn* experience tea'-'hi-« shorthniiiL 
tluuilnfttiu-nt Hchool *|iinrteni In Iinllana. F;U-va- 
Uir,L-lwlrl<- light, (fas nml Mt-nm heat Write for 
InforiTiullon "JOX'RNAL BL'ILDIN"." Monument 
np'ill* Iii'l Kn'lorHf'd Ijv State Superintendent of 
I'utilU' liiKtriii-lt»n- leailliik' ediicnt'>r» and bust- 
- I).M1KE. Pre*. 




of the ART Jo_ 

ctillette. that before 

ful examination Ktic 

le^e. Full Information i 

well known InHtltutlon < 

dressing J. T. HE.NDERSO.N. Prln.. Bo* i 

Meat iDtrglnta. 


Acodt!!!))'. Miorthonil, Tj'npwrltInK nnfl TeleKranh 
.__...... ... . _ atftloffiie. San Antoino. 1 


REE. For three one-cent stamps to pay cost 

of return postage and uaper u&ed. I will mall to 
any reader of the Art JorRNAL a specimen of my 
most accurate Axiiomatic Pen Ltttvring, my new 
Itl-page Circular and sample Sheet of Automatlt- 
Inks and Ornaments used with the automatic 
pens. S.. B. CCSHMAN, Auto, Shading Pen Artist 
and Sign Writer, 20 Pleasant Place. Chicago. Ul. 
Please say you saw my advertisement In the Art 

crlpt. Set capitals, 2oc. Resolutions and 
Diplomas engrossed. Correspondence solicited, 

M. SI550N. Penman, Newport, R. I. Sou- 
r Card of Newport of Old Stone Mill, only in 

: witb 1 doz. cards, SO 

Card Writer anil Eneroiser, Easle 

I, 25c. Kesolutlons engrossed for from t-. 

lOHtltute. Bend 




"ri'. A llv)* coiiimori'iBi tralnInK school of nio<le'T» 
i-(bo(]K. Kpcrlnl PenmanHhlp Depurtmfiit 
. ^^[i.j 




IfillHiH of national rcputatioD. A. P. 

East Wing N. Y. Lifo Bldg. , KANSAS OITY, MO. 

Book-kceBlng, Shorthand, Typewriting, Teleg- 1 
raphy, Englieli Branches, Modern Languages, etc., at 
lowest rates, C.italogne free. Telephone 1174, 

J, F.SPALMMQ, A, M., President I 

IHasbvUlc, ^cim. j 




LKOK Soliool of SLortlmnd and Tclf-KmoUy. 
Atlaula, (in U'nillnu college South. Four pen' 


K < A 




•■o^' ' '1 * " i„-.,t cstAbllMhcd and numt 

*'"■'■ ' ' ' ' Institutions of the PnclHc 
»'"V' I'-ldp Department In chnrKc 
o'^ "'I '. WORCestEK. Pri*. 



NKSsrdl.l.F.CiK. ..pen thr.>UKl„.ul tlu- year. Mil 

k'roi. L.. H. SMI rH, l-r,Ui-,i>i,tvl (fir 




U* lh«.Horld-.( i.itiM.M.,,, ) ,,,...i,i.-<. tiT->T»tc-ra 
Address,"'w.' «. S.TirMI.' Lv'xi..i;i«nJ My. 


SclentlUc Normal. I'enmauslili.. nuslnesT and 
Shorthand. Oneorttic leadUiK V""!«"'st^»'scl>«Hils 
. N. FERRIS. Hlg Rnplds. Mich. 



I.'wa. The oldest on theUm>er Mlsslsslpul. New 
Initldlug compleiwl. C. BAYLESS. Prln. 

tSr THE USE OF CUTS on thii page or any 
departure from the general style o/dtsptau wilt 
C09t 60 per cent. ^xtm. 


A. D. TAYLOR will Bend you his National 

Course of Twenty Lessons In Writing Tor only Ten 
Dollars. Terms; on e-buir In advance. Address A 
D. TAYLOR. 66 N. Clark St.. Chlcauo. If 

, Testimonials, etc., a specialty. Eve 

scrlptlon of ( 

, ,. work to onlvr. Reso- 
lutions engrossed from S^.iiO upwards. Corre- 
spondence solicited. A. E. DEWHURST. Utiea. 
N. Y. 7-y 
McPherson, Kan. Artistic letter, Qve 2-cent staiups' 

unique specimens of pen work, 2o cts.; resolutions. 

SEND as CENTS lor fine specimens ol Writing, 

Lettering and Flourishing. Can't help but please. 
Address JNO. F. SIPLE, care Bartlett'r Bi a. COL.. 
Cincinnati. (). 
J. W. WASHINGTON. Artist. Penman and In- 

etor. ( Principal. The Wash inLt. -ii l Oi T(>iiond- 

^ School). Box 147, S:iliiii, M.i-- -. .nnl hliiy 


•Rcw Borh, 


"" li Sth St.. Brooklyn, N, Y. Catalogues 

plication, personally or by letter. HE.sRY 

14l> south Sth 

HT. Principal. 

, Colorado. 


Practical shonhaml 




of charge. J. N. 


— jgue frt 

NN. Prea.. Green Bay. WU 



SOCl£ C0MMEKCI.\L college 12-y 

and Literary Inslllute. New Orleans. La. 

■Kortb Carolina. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL., Charlone, N. C. 


iNAiit. Send me your name, written In full, and 
2b cents, and I will send you one dozen or more 
ways of writing It, with Instructions ; or send ine a 
--cent stamp, and 1 will send you, addressed In mv 
own hand, price-list descriptive of lessons by mall, 
extended movements, tracing exercises, capitals, 
cards, flourishing, etc. P. S.— No postal cards 
need apply. :i-ii 

W. S. HISER, Sup'r of Writing, Public Schools, 

Recipe for Stan 

c-iuiung. lut _ _ ^ 

and Ink, $1. samples of printing FREE, 

C. R. RUNNELLS, 96306611 Avenue. Station P. 

Chicago. An elegant C. E, Pledge, 14 
zinc etching from penwork. 10c. I'i 

100,000 c 

p and flourished -\v 
Ih name. Illumlna 
copies for home practi 

u's Popular Writing Lessons, by mall, twelve 
(12) lessons, one lesson per week, 83.00. Improve- 
ment guaranteed. From Prof. O. B. STONE, 
Prln. Saltoustall School, Salem. "I consider your 
penmanship remarkably flue." 

F. OILMAN. Penman, Redlngton. Nebraska. A 

fine sample of my orriameiKal pennumshlp, and 
one dozen written cards for aS cts. All penwork 
a specialty, 1-1 yr 

"Mant" a&9. 

In answering adverdxemehta sigjied by a nom-de~ 
plume, (Ulam and mistakes are avoided hu sealing 
and stamping the replies ready for maUing and 
writiJtg the nom-de- plume in a Cfrmer, then inclos- 
ing such seated replies in an envelope addressed to 
The Penman's Art Journal, S02 Broadway, New 
York. Postage must be sent for forwarding Cata- 
lugxies, Newspapers, Photographs, &c. 

Situations XlGlantet). 



: In bookkeeplii 


best schools In the'( 


.' experience 
s upon appll- 


AN ALL-AROtJND penman am 
teacher, pupil of Zaner. Madarai-J 

also graduate of the Eastn -- 

wishesa position In a fl^s^cll— 

crahiy In .the South. Familiar with leading 
nierclal systems. ■' ALL-AROUND," "^ 

and Palmer, 

liege, pref- 
•lug com- 

|ss Capitals. 

ird writing. 12c AJl pr 

Ueacbers ManteC). 

branches : B ,.-..c, . . 

hand and typewriting, and do you desire such posi- 
tions ? "OnKtor offlcp work. If so write at once. E. 
A. GLOVKR, Mgr., Nashville. Tenu 

TEACHEUS WANTKD. American Teachers* 
* Bureau. St. Louis. UPth year. 

JSusiness ©pportunttles. 

WANTED.— A good business college In exchange 
for land, will trade my land for other good 
unencumbered real estate. Send eataloguea, circulars 
and full Infornmtlou. " W, A. W,," care PknmaS'8 ART 
Journal. 2-t 

1 KARE OPPORTUMTY.-For sale-Most 
thoroughly advertised and best paying Business 
School in Northern Indiana, located in finest buslnesa 
block of a hustling city of 12,000. Will sell cheap. 
Address " RARE CHANCE," care Pensuk's Art Jour- 

FOR SAI.E.-Half Intere-'it In a 


huggy ; ■•■ 
of young 

Elegant I' 

rity. 83, 

« Splen- 
,,,_-J for half 

did loca 

FOR SAI-t.-liu-iii^,-.:- College, splendid reputa- 
tion Coiir->-i tlmriiiigh and exhaustive. Its 
best advertisement Is ".students have no difficulty to 
secure positions." Located In one of the best and 
wealthiest cities In Illinois. School occupies two 
floors. Flue practice— two rooms, seven of- 
" " ■ than 40 large, heavy 


ElKht typewriting!, 
chines til wood order. Proprletcr expects to engage 
In editorial work, hence will sell vt-ry cheap. If you 
want a l.ark'^iln, i.Trespond with "EDITOR." care 

liole or half Interest In a business 
I In fine part of California with 

LiVile terms. Reason for selling, 
.my time. Address "BUSINESS?" 

care Pknman's art', 
■pOR SALE.-. 

established 12 

■ll-equlpped Business College, 
s. In a city of one-third million 
sale at less then half Its value be- 
-- occupies entire time of f " 

The annual tuition 
iQ times past and the college 
00 If sold soon. Rare oppor- 
Address "BARGAIN," care 


'^.yauruin^ QyfiCCL/mouiLJ 

The Goodyear Publishing Company, 


X^n® Qoodyear (QommercDal 5®"^^- 


Bookkeeping Series. 

Single Kiitrj llookkeepini?. 
Douhle ?;n1ry lloohkei'iiliii; 
SInifle and Doulile Entry Book 

(Wchool nnd <:<>lli-irr Edillonii.) 

>'ew Theory of Accounts. 

(lllBh HchonI anil ('iiinplcte 

Business Practice Series 

KuHiness Practice, Ketailing. 
UuBincsB Practice, Wholesaling. 
Inter-ComRiiinication UuBlnesit 

Actual ItustneBS in the School 

BrmineBS Training for Fobllc 

Office Trjiininj? Series. 
Koiitino for Commercial Ex 

Routine for Freight Office 
Routine for Wholesale Office 
Routine for Commission ODlce. 
Routine for Banking. 
Routine for Real Estate and 

Insurance Office. 
Blank Books. 

Kull \lt»- iir blank book, for above texts and 
for B.'iiiTHl ofllfL' mm; In all sizes and styles 
of lillidlnil. 

Commercial Stationery. 

Business blanks, leita! blanks, college money, 
tnorehanillse eards. and all other supplies 
Docded In any system of Business Pructlce- 

Samples and Prices 


lid |.r 


Business College Supplies 
Made to Order. 

If you watit Blank Books, large or 
small, for Bookkeeping, Business Prai:- 
tice, or Office Training, made in any 
style to your special order. 

If you want Business College Sta- 
tionery in any special style, with your 
school imprint, 

If you want College Currency with 
your school imprint, 

If you want any special variety of 
Legal Blanks, 

In fact, if you want any appliance 
for practical work in commercial 
classes, made to your special order, 
send us samples or specifications, and 
we will submit estimates that will make 
it to your interest to deal with us. 

We' carry in stock over two hundred 
varieties of Business College Supplies, 
all of which are listed in our new 
catalogue, just from press 

Do not close contracts for next year's 
supplies until you have heard from us 

For New Catalogue, or for special 
estimates, address 
The Goodyear Publishing Co.. 

334 Dearborn Street, CHICAGO. 

The Ooodyear Publislhiinig Compaimy, 

'^' 334 Dearborn Street, Chicago. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with antJ with- 

out answers. The Stauilard Arithmetic Retail price, *1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail P"ce, i|;l .00 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, *1. 00 

With proper disvuiints to Schools. 


ot reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 
stipervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the stndy of Munson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circnlar. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St. New York. 

i If "^"^ NEW STANDARD ifc 

I Practical ..^" Progressive Book-keeping. 

By J. C. BRYANT, President of Bryant & Stratton Business College. 

Author und publisher for ao years past of Now Series of Standard Book-keep- 
ing, used in the best collejires aud sehoois throujrhout the United States and tlic 
Canadas. New work 1S94 embraces shortest methods and best torms up to date. 
ConniluK House Edition, retail price. ... 9'i.SO. 

Comiuerclnl or lllnh School Edition, retail price. - 1.30. 

A pi-oniinent business educator says: "Vou have pi-oduced n work which, in 
my opliiii>n. exeels all other pubtici^tions of the kir ' 
8tmi>helt_^' and pi " ' " '" ' 

pRErious F.Dmoxs 


cticabillty. elegance of illustration and quality of material and 

Eleineiilnry Edilioii. ISOtt. DoubleEntry. retai 
Coiiiniou school Edition. SiiiKle and Double Kn 
The nut4iue»f)Mnn'i«Conitiiercial Lawaud Busi 

The best work 

; ry. 

e Circular 

- 73c. 


and Sample 

J. C. BRYANT, Publisher. College Building. Buffalo, N. Y. 


NA/hat Is It? 

A New Edition of 




It retains all those features that have made the Complete Account- 
ant so deservedly popular and in addition thereto many new ones have 
been added that enliven the work, add life and interest to its study, 
and make it more business-like. 

What Changes Have Been Made. 

The pages have been enlarged — beautiful script has been added — 
it has everywhere been embellished with beautifully reproduced busi- 
ness forms, and the sets have been changed, improved and modernized. 

In the revision no expense has been spared. Business men and 
bookkeepers connected with the best houses have been freely consulted 
and their interest solicited. It is confidently asserted that the Complete 
Accountant now represents the most advanced ideas on the teaching of 
bookkeeping. Those schools who do not have the time for an extended 
course will find the Accountant to impart not only a thorough knowl- 
edge of bookkeeping, but of business practice as well. The old edition 
will be kept on hand for the present, and supplied on order. 

We will cheerfully send you sample pages on request. 

Have yon seen sample pages of the latest and hcst work on Comtnercial 
Law ? Write for them, or for the best works on all commercial publications to 

O. n. POWERS, Publisher, 



W. H. SADLER, Publisher, successor to the Sadler Co., Publishers. 




., ... business caicuTations 

Aritliiiietic is too practical a branch of knowledge to include a single useless topic, or to be 
jim)i<n'<l with one particle of theory more than may be necessary to a full understanding of the 

[fi-e are the list and prices: 

Sadler's Oountintr-House Arithmetic. Retail $2 00. 

" Conuneroial Aritliiiietic. - " 1.50. 

Essentials of Arithmetic, ------ " i.i5. 

Copies of either or all of the above works will be sent to teachers for examination, postage o: 
xpres-sage prepaid, on receipt of one-half the retail price. 
For introductory and wholesale rates addi-ess 

W. H. S-A.I3LER., Fu.lalislier, 

Noi. lOand 13 ^. ObarlcH St., Baltliuare, Kid. 

xtensively in business colleges than any other. 


First Book in Doiible-Eiiti-y Boukk4 
76c : Second Book (Practice), VH-.; P 
Der gross, postpaid; GloHHy BInck Ink, 

m ox. bottle by express. Sentl for special te 



The t>est cla^ book published on the subject. 
Sample copies 35 cent*", send for circular. 
Address, C. V. CARHART, 
42S Clinton Ave.* Albany, N. Y. 


Business Educators 

Teacli the most arlvaneeil MethO'la of A(.-.:oJnttng 
practkeil by leadiHK Business Houses. 

Advanced System for Locatinj; Errors 

Without rechecking or copvlnp entries, Short Meth- 
ods for computing Interest and Dist-ounl, New Method 
for AveraghiK Accounts, etc., are uned and liked by 
thousands of the best Bookkeepers throughout the U. 
S. and Canada and received the Awards at the 
World's Fair, 1H93. Special Inducements to Com- 
mercial Teachers. Request Insrruetlve Circular. Be- 

^^chermerhorns' Teachers' Agency. 

^ Oldest and best known in U. S. 
Vj Established lf*5,>. 

y^ 3 East 14TH Street, N. Y, 

Hinman's Grooved Exercises. 

The Best Aid ever Invented for Making Good Writers. 

Pupils and Tcachers Delighted. 

a ay 


GROOVED copies are commended to the favor of teachers who \\\\\>- 
never been able to produce swift plain business writere with cii|.\ 
books. Observing teachers know that years spent by a pupil in d^llwiIl^'^ 
letters with gri-ea't care, fixes a habit of slow writing that results in an 
unreadable scrawl when the speed of swift writere is attempted. Now if 
swift plain writers should be made in schools, it can be done bv teaching 
jmpils swift movements from the start. The trouble that teachers find 
m teachine: quick writing is that pupils cannot control the shape of their 
letters. They find that to get accurate writing in copy books each curve 
and line must be carefully studied and nicely drawn. They And it im- 
possible to make pupils produce correct lettere with quick movements. 
Now grooved copies meet this pressing need— they enable a teacher to 
make every pupil of a class make perfect letters, and to do it three to 
four times raster than they write in copy books. The result is pupils 
get three to four times more practice during n writing lesson ; they get 
to doing their written exercises with three times the usual speed. Writ- 
ing is so easy that it is a pleasure and not a task, and at leaving school 
they possess not a cramped schoolboy hand, but swift plain writing, 
adapted to rapid business use, and can keep pace on paper with rapid 
thoughts. The Grooved Writmg Exercises are different sized sets of 
alphabets. t)ie lines being stamped into heavy fine cardboard. The 
beginning and ending of a letter are joined to make it a continuous move- 
that with a tracer placed in the groove the hand can 
again, till it gains the skill to 
paper with the eyes shut. As the hand by 

„ „ _.jnk is ouici " 

hand trained 
letters. In p: 

perfect letters instead of imperfect o_.. . ,_ , ^^ „^ „ ..„.,^ „.., »^,^..w 

iiand gains the skill to make them. Theie cards each contain a grooved alphabet, and a set of 
two cards with capitals and small letters will be sent for trial on receipt of ten one-cent stamps 
There will also be sent printed illustrations of numerous other alphabets and words which can be 
quantities for classes at three cents per card. All practice in these cards is without expense 

;• paper, and each c 
They relieve the teacher of all work i 
samples sent for ten one-cent stamps wil 

afford more practice than twenty expensive copy book! 
;pt the teaching of iiosition and free movement. The 
worth five dollars to any learner. Address 

A. H. HINriAN, Worcester, Mass. 


PART. I.-Aserles of 20 cards containing 147 drawinifs of familar objects, adapted to 
mnaergarten and lower primary grades. Unequaled for busy work, language lessons, etc. 

PART II.— Consists of 116 drawings of oljjects based on the sphere, cube and cylinder, the 
type forms of all natural or manufactured objects. The key to Practical Drawing. Price, aoc. 

PART 1 1 1. -A continuation of the work begun in Part II. The half sphere, half cube, 
cone, etc., fully treated. 12T drawings adapted to higher primary gradea. everyone of which is 
interesting and instructive. Price, 30c. " i." m 

Parts I, Hand IllwiUbesent to any address postpaid for 50c. 

PART A-THECCBK and its applications A te.vt-book of « pages. ISSiUustra- 
tlons giving the fundamental principles underlying the drawing of all objects having straight 
lines and flat surfaces. Adapted to grammar grades. Cloth bound. Price, 3 Uc. 

P^RT, Vl -THE p VLINnEH AND ITS 4PPI.I(l«.TIONS A text-book of 4( 
pages. Illustrations, giving the fundamental principles underlying the drawing of oblects hav. 


riovement flethod in Penmanship. 

-'^ ~ 1. The Natural Movmxeni Method in Writing. By 

Charles R. Wells, Nos, 1 and 2, 84 cts. a dozen; 
Nos. 3, 4, 5, 96 cts. a dozen. This system of penman- 
ship hHS now come into such general use that it hag a 
host of imitators. Agents everywhere are sayiog, '* Onr 
new series has all the essential features of the Wells 
.system." Don't believe it. There is only one Wells sys- 
t< 111, and there is DO other series that gives or can give 
its ilistinctive features. A man cannot become a Diog- 
fiic's by living in a tub, and a series of writing books can- 
not appropriate onr copyrighted features by calling itself 
a " movement series." Get the Wells series, and the 
Wells series alone. The Wells Method if used as directed 
may be depended upon to produce the following results: 
1st. To develop and discipline the natural arm action so as to produce the type 
movements, and through them the type forms of all letters ; also to secure correct 
habits of position, pen-holding, etc. 

2d. To test successfully the acquired movements by the use of properly pre- 
pared exercises or copies, and incidentally to correct all errors in lormation. 

3d. To establish and maintain such conditions as shall induce each pupil to 
teach himself to write carefully with the arm movement while doing his lesson 
work, and thus to fix the habit of accurate writing at all times. 

4th. So to establish the habit of arm movement business writing that it will 
eventually become automatic. In the public schools of Syracuse, where the method 
was first introduced. Prof. Wells spent thirteen years testing, perfecting and apply- 
ing the plan of teaching. The remarkable results shown here have attracted wide 
attention, and in the many places where the method has been voluntarily introduced 
not a single case of failure has been reported. 

Sup't Geo W. Phillips, of Scranton, Pa., where the system wasintroduccd in Sept., 1893, writes: 
" It is simply immense I This system will not work a change ; it i9 a rtvnlutioti inthcartoj wrillim'. 
For similar testimony, write to Sup't A. B. Blodgett, Syracuse ; Sup't C. W. Cole, Albany, or Prin- 
cipal James M. Milne, Oneonta Normal. It is not a question whether the best schools will adopt 
this system, but lu/ieu they will adopt it. Theschool that takes it first is that much ahead of its 

2. Manual of the Movement Method in Writing. By Charles R.Wells. Paper, 
4to, pp. 44. Illvstrated. 2.5cts. If you want to learn about the system, send for 
this manual. Toledo has bought 82.'> copies; Scranton, 225 ; Newtonville, 100 ; Somer- 
ville, 75 ; Toronto 50, etc. 


ved surface . Adapted to grammar grades. Ctoth bound" 'price' aOc 
Parts V and VI will be mailed to any address for 50c. 

,'n*fI?=''o'f'VIi' ■**'^"^'* '*!,*."'«'.?'»"•;''• Correspondence with Superinttndents, Principals 
iind Boards of Education who desire the best results obtainable, invited. Ad dre=saU communica! 


Directory MissoMrl TeacherSo 

Comprising a complete list of Public School Teachers in the State of Missouri issued 
in regular form of the AMERICAN SCHOOL AND COLLEGE JOURNAL. Nearly 
SIXTY PAGESof the Journal, each page being 8\12 inches, and completed in three 
issues. Send Ji.oo NOW for a year's subscription and get the complete list. Specimen 
Copies of Journal mailed. Send lo cents for copy of Christmas Number. Address 

American School and College lournal. "'"^^''""'■/"•'"i' «<•. 

, P -J ST. LOUIS. MO. 

/^C _|_ • D WRITING can be learned at home by practicing from 

1 W C/I AAr^ \ ' ^'^^^-^'^ COMPENDIU M OF VERTICAL WRITI Nir. 

V ^-^ W\y\yWl\y\ y this work consists of .3 plates (5I, x S>, inches each) en 

^s^^ ^-^ graved from pen-written copies, Full directions ' are 

and how 


J/ow to Ri 
amount in 01 


- -11 d 

h plate, telling just what motion 

ecu vvuu cvci) copy, nesioes tne 13 plates, a sheet of illustra- 

ns proper position of hand, body and paper The whole is en 

mvelope and sent to any part of the country upon receipt of 50 

-Send monev order '/ A'f^'''V*-. If you cannot secure this, send the 
t stamps. Send for circular. Address at once, 
E. C. MILLS, Penman, Western Normal College, Bushnell, IIL 

»",V.'i'.,' : .)'! I'i'"" 7'!"'^'"p,,*!'Jr'"^P'''atIon In vertical 
"iitiiii. ■.n.utii •'■■ii'l for Mills's Compendium. 
^'^'^'■■' "■"'>■ C. E. DONER, 

Teacher of Peumanship 

WoosTEH. O.. January J, ia95 
Pmf. E. a MUla, BuahneU. III. 

Dear Sir: Permit us to compliment you on von- 
vertical writing as eiempllfled in your letter to u' 
It Is the finest specimen of practical work In this tin. 
that has yet been brought to our notice 

^_^*^RECORb PUB. CO. 

. December 90, 

L--1 wishes. e, P. ZANEK. 

Highland Pabk Normal. School, 

Des Moines. Iowa, January 8. 1895. 
Mills : You have certainly fiotten \ip a very 

pretty, and I believe a practical set of c6pl< 
-ystera. I wish to congratulate you ; It should 
■ a large sale. Fraternally, L. M. KELCHNER, 
Teacher of Penmanship. 
■ 3riUs: Your Compendium of Vertical 

Yon have certainly done t 



suitable to the needs of 
Business Colleges has 

been found. 

The Duraiinit 
Tablet Desk 

meets the requirements. 

The Desk Top is where it can be of the most service; 
from front to rear it is longfer than other desks, and then The 
Arm Rest Extension virtually adds greatly to the working 
area. The student may work under the most favorable condi- 
tions, there being a natural place for resting the arm without 
any twisting in the chair. A desk and seat adjustable to his 
stature and range of vision. A back support available both for 
study and writing. 


iiiirs. nilli A<IJiintnble and Foldinn 

CmctrLATEs IN Every Stats 

Used by Goverkbiest OFFlclAJJi 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contains Classittcd Lists and Addresses for the entire 
U. S. of all 

1. Colleges, Female St'inliLirlP^ niul Ara'trmli'-, 'J. 

luteudents. Also leading— 1'^. City Siiuerlntendf 
13. Principals. 14. Assistants, etc. Gathered f 
Official Sources and revised to date of issue. 

i*rice. 85.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 

UK, tflviuga 

t the beginning with the 

lis begii 


with thi 
y to write any good form. Anv 
this compendium and practice 
le an expert at using the vertical 

and practice faithfully < 
ing the vertical system — 
0/ Education, St. Louis, Mo. 

Fisk Teachers' Agencies, 

EVERETT 0. FISK & CO.. Proprietors. 
i Ashburton Place. Boston. Muss. ; 70 Fifth Avenue. 
New York, N. Y. : nii3 Twelfth St., Washington. D. C. ; 
;<55Wabaah Ave.. Chicago, III. : 420 Century Building. 
Minneapolis, Minn.; 3.! Church St., Toronto, Can.; 
IZO^ So. Spring St., Loa Angeles, Cal. 

To Write Well 



Al professional ren. 

For a fine elastic pen it is unex- 
celled, the penman's favorite. 

Also makers of the celebrated Falcon 
Pen No. 048. 

Out of their 150 other styles writers 
cannot fail to be suited. 

Ask your stationer for them. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

26 John St., New York. 

'cyenmoM QyttC ojiu in/iC? 

Behom Old Things are Passing flwag. 

Actual Business from Start to Finish is no longer obliged 
to fight for recognition. 

Many of its bitterest enemies who openly denounced it a year ago as 
Illogical, Impractical or Impossible have 


and are now sulking in their tents completely routed, while scores of others 
who were willing to investigate this 

Great Educational Reform Movement 

before condemning it, have become its most Outspoken Defenders. 
Actual Business from the Start is 


as applied to the training of young people for business and for office 

Learn to Do by Doing is its Motto, 

Hundreds of the largest and best equipped Business Colleges through- 
out the United States and Canada have adopted it within the past eighteen 
months, and under no circumstances could they be induced to return to 
the old method of Copying Dead Men's Accounts that has prevailed 
for the past fifty years, and that has caused the work of the Business Col- 
lege to be Ridiculed by Business Men. 

If you are doubtful as to the merits of the New Method INVESTIGATE. 

All that is necessary to convince the most skeptical is an OPPORTUNITY 

That opportunity we furnish FREE. 

Write for particulars. 

ELLIS PUBLISHING CO., - - - Battle Creek, Mich. 

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<^5hjLj ^jLxnrzx^ CL ■ (Rxux Co. 4f/ucxAxoL 9sJZxxa^oC, yiiin<W<a. 



No. 3. 
1 9.— The ground work upon which an excellent 
handwriting is built in the shortest time has been 
laid out before you in the two previous lessons, and 
your future success depends npon how well you have 
done your part. Any attempt to avoid the work or 
to do it your way may lead you onto disappointment 

\\o\J TO 

27 c/' (^ a- a 

'6^ ^ a ^ ^^ 

and failure. Never scatter your forces with the ex- 
pectation of bunching your harvest. Muscles must 
be : exercised on one thing at a time until they be- 
come tired, for this is the best symptom of develop- 
ment. Trained muscles are not easily fatigued. 
Review frequently. Put up at least two pages of 
any two exercises in plate one each week and make 
lines as fine and thick as the hair on a dog's back. 
Two hours or more to the page. Test your muscles 
each week to see how much in extent you have 
gained on compact ovals and straight lines. 

l*olnt» on Practicing Capitals, 

20. — Since you are familiar with the capitals pre- 
sented you should establish a record per minute and 
increase rate of speed each week. In practicing any 
capital make it not more than two-thirds of a space 
in height and let spacing between capitals be the 
same as would be suitable in writing one's name. 

Vv^J C).. 



<iN5;^Ms;f)s«>«.«\>-^ '(!\S^« \\ 

Begin this lesson by practicing capital C combina- 
tion. Pause at the end of short straight line .at the 
top, then throw down curve well to the left and this 
will give body to the capital and help you over the 
most difficult place in this letter. Keep arm light, 
rolling and work with the greatest freedom and zeal. 
In doing this do not allow movement to become 
wild and unmanageable. 

One of the most important combinations of lines is 
found in the form of A. The shape of this letter is 
unchanged for the small </, figure 9, g, q. and first 
part of ^ as may be seen in Plates 10 and \i. 

Fix every detail of form in mind. Begin on re- 
traced capital A and tire the arm before leaving it. 
Count on down strokes and make slight pause at 

cross on base line in order to get a good angle. If 
loops appear, the up and down strokes curve too 
much and should be remedied by pausing above 
letter at check mark before joining to straight 
down stroke. Write pages of this before going 
further. If you get the exercise well in hand you 
can easily avoid errors, as shown in line four, cnt 10. 
The practice of form beneath faulty letter forces a 
change of action in muscles and produces the de- 
sired result. Don't be afraid to exaggerate. 

If a round turn should occur where an angular 
joining should be, as in last part of A, pause at base 
before ending. This destroys the influence of curves 
on straight lines. On the other hand, if angles 
should take the place of round or semi-angular 
turns, increase speed at that point and a round turn 
is the result. 

Cio'i'M on TTp Strohcs o/ n anil u. 

2 1 . — The exercises given in January lesson to 
force curves on up strokes of n and «, like some good 

the latter part of last line, is one for each line, as 
indicated by small figures Be sure to get the cor- 
rect time, for upon his alone must we depend for 
lasting results. The same form does not come 
from different rates of speed, as may be seen by 
comparing the turns in first and last parts of last 
line. Begin line 6 by counting one, two left, 
straight, etc., gradually increase speed, and drop 
count on up strokes. Look well to location, union 
and spacing of these lines. A glance at lines 1 and 
2. Plate 11, will convince you of their importance. 
You cannot understand too well or value too highly 
the training up to this point. 

22. —The work to follow is simply a product of 
the foregoing. You will be retarded rather than 
advanced by attempting to do something for which 
you are not prepared. You cannot reap a harvest 
before the ground is turned and the seed planted. 
Time is an indispensable element in any develop- 
ment, yet you have had enough time to enable you 
to reach this fairly well. If you still have a heavy, 
ragged, muddy line, no union and poor spacing, yon 
have fallen far short of your duty. It is possible 
that you have practiced with the elbow off the table, 

medicines, contain a little poison. They were not 
labeled when prescribed for the reason that I 
wanted you to get a good dose. The influences of 
up curves when written rapidly is so great that 
they sometimes affect the down strokes in such a 
way as to curve them to the left, and thus iinder- 
mine the letters, as may be seen in line A. Should 
you get an overdose don't feel alarmed, for pow- 
erful antidotes to counteract the effect are before 
you in Plate 11. and it applied vigorously with coi'- 
rect time your letters will soon be self-.«upporting 
in appearance and will bear a speed of from seven 
to ten strokes per second. 

In practicing the exercises in this plate (11) break 
influence of one line over another by disjoining or 
pausing at place of union. Do you get the point ? 
It is difficut to explain without your presence and 
the use of the blackboard. Use your eyes well on 
illustration, and reason on these things. Do not 
tolerate slow movement or allow hand rest fingers 
to stick. The count in all these exercises, except 

hand resting on the side and tight fitting coat sleeves 
and your movement keeping pace with a snail. 
Test your ability on lines in Plate 13. At tliis point 
every letter should be individualized through proper 
spacing and union. If deficient in either respect re- 
sort to remedies prescribed. If safe, a speed of from 
forty to fifty words should be made on inn, and from 
fifty to sixty on am. In order to reach the highest 
order of development in business writing, reserved 
ability in speed is essential. Your letters should 
always possess the characteristics of standard con- 
struction, and in order to reach this you must be a 
merciless self critic and an untiring worker. The 
The small i never begins beneath the line, and the 
beginning of a is the highest point in that letter. 
The additions in the way of loops, etc., on words inn 
and a»i are not to be practiced. 

Shorthnnit \ot Iniurlotti* to Lonfihand, 

23.— It is generally believed that the practice of 
shorthand ruins one's longhand. This should not be. 


The sttnographer io bngiDess will have occasion to 
nae longhaocl maoy times, and the better he writes 
the better chance he etands for promotion. My 
shorthand stndents are amonfr my best and most 
rapid lontthand writers. This is due to the fact that 
shorthand characters are small and limited in dis- 
tance and feed the nerves with the best of food. A 
■imilar resalt may be obtained from the practice of 

/^ /^ /^ /^ 


figures. Right here is a harvest for the s'enoCTupher : 
if he will practice Plate IS in connection wiih Plates 
1 and W In Df'ceuiber Journal, he can increase his 
salary from 50 to 100 per cent. 
/•(,/,. .■<■». 
24.— The relation between fignres and letters 
presented thus far is so close that little need be said 
as to their foruintiou. The lengthening of first line 
in 6, last line in 9 and 4 gives the innscle needed 
strength and reserve power to be used in speed drills 
later on. Crosses are placed whf re errors are apt to 
appear. The figure 1 is the unit of measurement, 
and should be used with every figure to regulate its 

'/-iff / o' / ^ / i^/a/o'/'^/ii'/a'/ 
y<!p/ ^ / ^ y 1!^/ <^/ & / ^/ i^y ^ 

/^ / ^ /a^ /^ /^ /a- /^ /^ /O' / 

/ if & ^"^ ^ '*' <^ ^^ ^^ &^^ / 

height and proportion. Never lengthen or shorten 
the 1 to accommodate another figure. The count is 
indicated by the small figures. Write pages of each 
line in Plate 13. Use a medium rate of speed here 
until figures are safe in spacing and location. 

Unlike letters, figures that cannot be identified are 
lost forever, and with them go loss of time and 

Speed drills on figures, words and capitals begin 
next month. 

Criticism and Answer Column. 

...S',V.i"i' 'I""';!™;;"' "'",' '-"'""'""iMtlons intenrtod for this 
tolk'S^'. r.vmisvule. Iiiil. 

C.B., Newburgh.— Your first specimen of ovals 
heads this column, and oh 1 what a feeble eflfort yon 
put forth I and yet manv a one does no better If 
you were told to run out and plav, would von play 
the baby act by creeping oa your hands and knees; 
bend me your latest specimen. 

C. H. B., Lawrence, Kans.— What class of stu- 
dents make the most improvement in the shortest 
time and which the least? Ans.: Boys and girls 
who have widowed mothers to support. Least im- 
provement comes from dudes and cigarette 

.^■.?- ^■' Sturgeon, Mo— Your writing is "out of 
mght —I. ,-., I cannot see it. Imagine your own con- 
dition if you were as pale as the ink yon use. 


^ i:Z<f<n,'-g:rKi^ 

Miss J. G. P., Woburn. Mass. — Letters take shape 
of ovals. See cut 4, .3. No space between ovals, re- 
member. Heed instruction for approaching small 

G. E. T., Grand Rapids, Mich. — Can you make 
a rapid writer out of a slow boy? Yes. of course I 
can. The fastest ride I have ever had, by muscalar, 
steam or electric power, was on the back of an ox. 
A thunder storm was raging in the timber close be- 
hind us, 

A. ?. G. H , Losantville, Ind.— Money for ink 

and holder received, but cannot even guess your 
name. Try printing it once. 

A. L. S., and others.— About how fast should I go 
on " f/icm " ovals and '* xtrait" lines? — Ans.; Look 
up adjectives and spelling, read my December lesson 
seventeen times, take off coat and cuff, lay down 
pen, make a fist with your hand, and move as 
rapidly as a wheel does when you cant see the 


E. L. C, San Francisco. — The ink, which is the 
best I can find, will be sent yon upon receipt of 
price, ,30 cents. This ink and Gillott 604 pen were 
used in making Plate 1. All other plates were writ- 
ten with Esterbrook Professional Al. 

W. B., Windsor, Canada. — How fast should one 
write? Ans.: How fast should one walk ? He should 
never crawl, nor run so fast as to break bis neck. 
It isn't fashionable any more to even teach a baby 
to walk by allowing it to crawl. If mfe in union 
and spacing as per lessons 2 and 3. you should reach 
a speed of from sixty to seventy am's and from fifty 
to sixty inn's per minute, or from ten to twelve 
strokes per second, 

F. H. F.,Haddam, Kan.— Specimens showing what 
can be done in changing from one hand to the other 
will appear next month. 

Many good questions must go over until next 

money Plenty at Laat. 

Dear Readere :— I went West determined to make money- 
fast : invested in real estate tn be safe, got in debt, gave a 
mortgage, times hard, crops failed, property sold for taxes 
and interest. I left Kansas and started East, met an agent 
plating jewelry and tableware who claimed to make $10 per 
day. I secured the address of H. F. Delno & Co. of Colum- 
bus, Ohio, and ordered a S-i plating machine. I made $2ii the 
first week plating and sold two platers, making !58 profit. 



^ ^.^^nmaM(i:^Li£'CLna.tnaj& 



No. 2. 

I wish I could tell you, one and all, just how I 
write, I wish I could tell you just how our tinest pen- 
men write. I do not care to tell you how many o£ 
us say we write, for that might prevent you from 
learning to do aa well, but how we iictualhj produce 
the forma that are so universally admired. I know 
that it is so easy to say, " I use the muscular, com- 
bined or some other movement," and let it go at 
that, as though that e.tplaimed all. I have heard 
many say that they used the muscular movement. 
I have seen them write, yet all wrote differently. 
All used the fingers some ; f ome used them consid- 
erably ; all used the arm and shoulder muscles : each 
one used all the muscles a little ; yet one or two 
words could not express their manner correctly. 
What is true of the mufcular is true of auy other 
general movement. Now, the object of these lessons 
is to tell you, as best I can, how to learu to write- 
to write as does Spencer, Flickinger, Bloser, Ma- 
darasz, Taylor, Dakin, Courtney. Doner and many 
more who write the ornamental style. 

And now, in beginning, do not fail to secure the 
positition we have illustrated. The angle cf the 
paper is essential. The forearm should be held at 
right angles to the connective slant. With the arm 
and paper in position as described, little finger rest- 
ing — gliding on blotter— you may place the pen one- 
tenth of an inch above the base line on the paper 
and draw it to the line at an angle of about 50° 
without slipping the little finger or allowing the 
thumb and first and second fingers to act. This will 
cause the joints of the little and fourth fingers to 
act slightly. Now this will seem diflicult at first. 
but nine out of ten of our best penmen use more or 
less of this movement, many doing so unconsciously, 
as did the writer for 3 ears. In fact it is aim 1st im 
possible to write a very fine hand without this 
action. The little finger will therefore not need to 
slip vp and doicn very far, not more than half the 
height of the letter. In producing Nos. 2 and 3 the 
little finger should slip freely to the right— the 
length of the line. In 4, 5 and C the action should 
come from the elbow, the latter serving as the cfnter 
of motion. In fact all motive power for these small 
letters should come from the bicep and tiicep 
muscles between the elbow and shoulder. The arm 
should rest on the muscle in front of the elbow. Let 
the elhoiv serve as the center of creative motion, and 
the littlefinger rest as the center of control. Let the 
little finger glide freely to the right in making up 
strokes, and let it rest or glide less freely in making 
down strokes, 

Now do not confound it with the finger movement, 
as it is )!o< finger action, for the thumb and first and 
second fingers need not act. See that the forearm 
acts like a hinge at the elbow in making up strokes. 
The hand must not roll, nor the wrist work. In pro- 
ducing the up stroke (retrace) of /• the little finger 
need not slip ; this will cause a perceptible action of 
the members of the hand. You may (should) raise 
the pen at the dot and in making e. Check the motion 
at the shoulder of the second style r but do not stop 
it. Raise the pen as suggested in (.-. You should make 
the down strokes in s and o more quickly than the 
average down strokes in order to curve them well. 
The little finger need not slip in making the small o 
but it should slip in producing the down stroke of s, 
especially when the pen is raised as I advise. Draw 
the first down stroke of a gently to the left, making 
it more deliberately and longer and more slanting 
than the average down stroke. Notice carefully 
that the down strokes of s and of a are quite slant- 
ing, but that of the u is less curving. 

In producing turns that are very short and angular 
the pen should stop, but if you prefer round, full, 
free, graceful turns, the pen should be kept moving 
at a livelier pace. In fact, I like a free, easy and grace- 
ful motion, because that means, when under control, 
free, graceful, beautiful forms. Master the prelimi- 
nary exercises, elements and principles before begin- 
ning on the letters. Take one form at a time and fill 
at least one page (be ween lines included) before be- 
ginning another. Don't hnrry. but do not sleep. Study 
your movements and your forms. Criticise and cor- 
rect. Turn your writing upside down and examine 
it critically. When your movement is stiff, practice 
preliminaries and wide spacing between forms 

Raise the pen and shift the elbow to the right or 
pull the paper to the left, or both, from two to six 
times, in writing across the page. When you desire 
to improve in form (after practicing movement) 
select principles, letters and words with normal 
spacing. Raise the pen whenever the movement 
becomes cramped. If your movement seems wild, 
jerky and nervous, push on the pen on the up 
strokes. If your movement is sluggish and your 
touch heavy, practice long line exercises and free, 
light, graceful movements. You should make the 
shaded strokes more slowly than the light ones. 
You should make the «'« (singly) at the rate of about 
thirty per minute. Not that many every minute, 
but at that speed. You should make abuut three, 
then pause and criticise and observe. Use your best 
judgmeut as to just what peculiar action or move- 
ment is best for you. If you can use the fingers a 
little without weakening the line or producing ir- 
regularities and nervous kinks, there is no reason 
why you should not do so. Most of our finest pen- 
men use more finger action than I think best, but 
whether it is their usingoi my thiyiking that is wrong 
you must determine for yourselves. 

Ask questions and send on your practice if you 
want a lively and profitable time ; but be brief. To 
the one sending the best duplicate practice of this 
lesson I will give a copy of "Gems of Flourishing." 
I will consider neatness, arrangement, movement 
and form in making up my decision. Who will be 
the lucky one ? Now come on ; we want to hear 
from all practicing from these lessons. 


Mr. W. B. C, Gallatin, Tenn. — Your stationery 
is too poor to do justice to yourself or the lessons. 
Your practice is number one, considering disadvan- 
tages, luk is too thin or touch not delicate enough ; 
cannot say which on account of softness of paper. 
You can make a fine penman if you persevere. 
Send on your practice regularly. 

H. C. K., Summitville, Ind. — Your work is ex- 
cellent, but too small. A little more firmness will 
add to your skill and form. Come again. 



Never " too thin " — Stout. 

Has a grip— Holt. 

Well developed— Musselman. 

A late arrival — Newcomer. 

A good packer — Stowell. 

Never too high — Lowe. 

Eight quarts— Peck. 

A rising penman— Penrose. 

His work lasts — Ware. 

Best appreciated — Admire. 

The most fortunate of our craft — Lucky. 

Sometimes a trump— H(e) art. 

A good landlord— In(D)sbeep. 

Always the same— Place, 

On the throne— Eing. 

King's successor-Prince. 

A strong penman — Lyon. 

As good as his word — Bond. 

The most religious penmen— The Parsons and Bishops- 

The most classic figure— Heeb(e). 

Takes water — VVaiie. 

Thirty years in harness — Sadler. 

Vertical, or up and down— Teter. 

Never false, always true — Steele. 

The "Great" penman — Alesauder. 

An expert on hair lines— Barber. 

The father of us all— Washington. 

Good on light lines — Lampmau. 

Always on the griad— Miller. 

At sea— Savior. 

Bird flourishes on toast, served by— Cook. 

Useful in a leaky biat- Bayless. 

A red hot penman — Byrne. 

Not a farmer, but raises— Kane. 

No wheel in his head— Ferris. 

His motto : " We never sleep"— Koapp. 

Digs for what he gets— Miner. 

Good on flourishing a "goose"— Taylor, 

The man who guards the gate— (St.) Peter(i). 

Believes in a single standard — Gold. 

Success always meated out to him — Butcher. 

Gives sound and weighty arguments— Smith (117 of him). 

The penman who can do work up in style — Brown. 

Sharp and to the point— Pierce. 

Ought to make barrels of money — Cooper. 

*' He's after me"— Fish said about Fisher. 

Partial to green ink— Patrick. 

Never wrong and writes Wright right— Wright. 

His work stands above all others in a climax — Canp. 

Not a bock number even if his name indicates it— Dennis. 

Duck-legged — Webb. 

Rumored that he has adopted the pump-liandle shake— 



rir. Hoff's Lesson. 

It was oar intention to give the condading lesson 
■of Mr. HofT's very interesting graded public school 
series in this nnmber, bnt a press o£ circumstances 
has delayed it and it will not appear until the March 
if sne. While this lesson will ccnclude that particu- 
lar series it does not by any means deprive our read- 
ers of Mr. Hofl's helpful advice : he will present 
from time to time hints and helps for the teacher 
that have grown out of his experience. 

T^'^enman^ QyCiC Q>&a caxlL^ 



No. 1. 


THE teacher should see that the school board pro- 
vides all necessary stationery, bnt if the board 
does not <lo so, the teacher should keep a suf- 
ficient supply fur the needs of the school, and should 
sell it, or give it to the pupils, as needed. This will 
be found expedient because of the indifference of 
most school boards, as well as that of the patrons, 
.And because of the distance from towu. 
In most schools, Esterbrook's No. 135 will be sat- 
isfactory, but where the school is unusually large, 
and circumstances eeem to demand it, young ladies, 
•and others over ten or twelve years of age, may use 
Esterbrook's No. 128. Much experience in country 
schools has confirmed my good opinion of these pens, 
as both numbers are very durable, are much alike 
except in size, can usually be purchased at any drug 
fltore or stationer's, and, moreover, they are especially 
adapted to the work outlined in the lessons which 
*re to follow. 

Ltad PenolE«. 

Pupils under ten or twelve years old should use 
Dixon's Secretary No. 3, with the rubber tips re- 
moved, to prevent erasures by the pupils. 

Do not permit a pupil to use short pencils, nor to 
dampen his pencil by putting it into his mouth, nor 
to dampen it^in any other manner. 

Never allow a child to sharpen his pencil — the 
teacher must attend to that, and in no case should 
the writing point be sharpened — simply cut away the 
wood. The pencil must not be held in the pen posi- 
tion—which will be explained hereafter. 



This relic of a by-gone rigime should be banished 
from your school, but if you must conform to the 
will of thoss in authority — i. e., the school board — 
and suffer the children to use them, see that they all 
have long, woad-covered pencils of small size, and 
always do the sharpening yoaraelf, cutting away 
nothingjjut the wood. 

Papils must not hold pauoils in the pen position, 
nor must they be allowed t > uss short pencils. This 
will be fully explained later on. 


&.\\ should use the same sort of ink, which should 
flow easily, write black, and stay black. " Carter's 
Koal Black," will give good satisfaction. Any ink 
having alcohol as its base will not be materially 
injured by freezing. Ink exposed to the action of 
the air will evaporate and form a sediment in the 
bottom of the bottle. Thin it by using a little water. 
Do not use ink-wells in the desks, but keep the mk 
in the bottles. This will prevent no end of " muss." 

Pen Wiprrs, 

Make one tor each desk, of six pieces of cloth hav- 
ing a good absorbing surface, about 3x •'i inches, and 
securely tack the farthest corner at each end of it 
to "the Hat top of the desk eiiaally distant from each 
end of the desk, aud at the back edge of it 


Pupils over sixteen years old and others with large 
bauds should use the cork and wood straight holder. 
They are made in two sizes, and having a cork 
auger gr.isp. the fingers and hand do not tire in 
using them. 

Scholars from six to ten or twelve years old 
and those whose hands are small would better use 

small, straight celluloid holders, or wooden ones 
with robber finger holds. 

All other pupils will use pencils as previously 

renmanthip /"o/xr. 

Foolscap paper, both sides ruled, having ■■ correc- 
tion lines" to regulate the slant, the paper to weigh 
about 12 pounds to the ream of 4yO sheets, is good — 
if cut to the proper size. Cut each sheet along the 
fold ; then cut each half sheet cross-wise. This 
will make pages about 6j>^ x 8 inches, and as the 
ruled lires extend the long way of the paper, when 
cut as directed, it will give better satisfaction than 
any other siz? obtainable, since, when writing, it 
will not be crumpled under the front edge of the 
desk, and will prevent waste of paper, as each pnpil 
should use the entire surface of both «ides of one 
such sheet during each regular writing lesson. 

Do not use copy-book?. Loose paper, cut as di 
rected, is far better aud so mucti cheaper that a 
trial of it will settle the copy-books for all time in 
your school, since any pupil can and will accomplish 
at least five times as much in the same time witli 
loose paper as can be done with the copy-books. 
Copybooks have their place, but that place is not in 
the average country school, particularly your.«. 

Do not sew the paper, but keep each pupil's pen- 
holder and paper in a small paper sack, one that just 
fits the paper, with his name on the sack, which will 
avoid "unpleasantnesses" as to the ownership of 
paper, etc. 

For "busy work" the little pupils may take np 
the sacks, with paper, pens and holders in them, at 
the close of the lesson, and distiibute them at the 
opening of the next lesson. 


These are relics of the " stone age." Avoid their 
use if possible. 

Should you be required to use them, rule one side 
thus : Break off the points of a large pen as far back 
as you can. Lay your ruler crosswise or lengthwise 
on the slate, as desired, and rule with the broken 
pen. which will produce two lines, just about far 
enough apart for short or one-space letters to be 
written between them. 

Rule back and forth several times in the came 
place to make deep lines. 

Leave a space three or four times the width of the 
lines made by the broken pen, and rule again. Re- 
peat as often as necessary. 

One side of the slate should not be ruled, as it will 
be needed fur practicing movement-drills, etc. 





Ttlarltboard ^ 

Since yon will be judged more from the work 
yon do on the board than by all other writing you 
may do, diligent practice thereon will be necessary. 
Faithful wora will enable you to do excellent writ- 
ing on the board, without having it ruled. 

If you prefer it ruled, lay ofiE two chalk lines aboat 
one and one-half or two inches apart, the lower line 
being on a level with your eyes. Make the lower 
line red. upper one blue. Put another line about 
four inches above the blue one. the red and bine 
lines being two inches apart. Short or one-space 
letters may be written between the red and blue 
lines ; loop letters and capitals will extend from the 
lower line to the extreme upper one. Paint the 
lines, and mix a little pumice stone with the paint 
to keep the chalk from slipping. 

Imptrtaiit SuijyegtionK, 

Tu keep i7ik from freezing : Line a box of suiflcient 
size with several thicknesses of carpet or heavy 
cloth, packing three or more inches of sawdust on 
the bottom, ends, and sides. Line again as before. 
Put in some heavy cloths for ends, sides, bottom, 
and for the cover. Little pupils can take uptheink, 
place it in this box, cover it carefully, take it out at 
next lesson and distribute it. This provides some 
"bnsy work" for the small children. 

Always have at hand a large geography, school 
register, slate, or what is far better, a thin, dry, 
smooth, poplar board, about U x 16 inches, oiled, to 
prevent warping, which is for the teacher's use 
every day during the writing lesson, for the purpose 
of illustrating movements. 

This will be a necessity to the average teacher, if 
puccess is to be attained. See next issue of The 
Journal for a description of its use. 

To cause the ink to flow readily from new pens, 
stick the puns into a raw potato a few times, then 
wipe them carefully. 

Nothing tends more to preserve order and to pre- 
vent nervousness while writing than plenty of fresh 
air. Open the windows ! 

Pupils should be seated according to age, size, at- 
tainments, height of seats, etc., etc. A prudent 
teacher can do much toward making the writing 
lesson — and all other lessons— a success by using this 
point judiciously. 

Require much practice on the blackboard by all 
pupils, particularly the little ones. They can use 
the board while the others prepare their regular 
lessons at their desks, and such work projierly man- 
aged is of great value. Have them practice the 
lesson, of course. 

If the seats and desks are of improper height, you/ 
can do as the author did. He procured some long, 
wide boards, placed them on supports of the desired 
height, covered them with several thicknesses of 
heavy wrapping paper, provided long, low seats, cor- 
rectly adjusted, and always had the little people use 
that table for their writiag lessons and for much of 
their " busy work." The results were very good, as 
his next school increased his wages more than 70 per 
cent., to say nothing of the benefit accruing to the 
children and to the community as well. 

Devote at least twenty minutes to the lesson — more 
if possible. 

Five to ten minutes' practice on movement drills 
should precede each writing exercise. 

Evfry pupil — and all visitors — must practice the 
lesson at the time for the lesson. Excuse no one who 
is able to write. 

Require all to practice the same thing at the same 

Permit no one to write at any other time than the 
regular hour for the lesson, except the little people, 
who lll.^y write on the blackboard. 

Chang-i the pupils' pens frequently and see that 
the pens are properly inserted in the penholders. 
Good work caunot be done if these points are neg- 
lected. Attend to the pencils daily. 

It will be necessary for the teacher to practice the 
lesson on the board, preparatory to teaching it. 
Work on one thing until you have mastered it. 
Practice how to teach the lesson, going through all 
the counting for each movement drill, etc. (See next 
issue of The Journal.) 

Do this work while the pupils are not present, and 
carefully erase your work on the blackboard before 
they arrive at the echoolhouse — and you will be sur- 
prised to know how much prestige yon will gain, as 
your pupils will feel assured that their teacher is 
never at a loss what to do when teaching writing — 
and the same should be true of all other branches 
taught, since it is the key to your success. 

This practice mnst be strictly followed ; there is 
no other road, nor way, nor method ('0 to teach writ- 
ing in any school. 

Finally, do much personal work with each pupil ; 
this is the main spring to each pupil's progress. 

From 2 p.m. to about 2.30 p.m. will be found to be 
the best time for the lesson, for many obvious reasons. 
Xfite. — I shall be pleased to have teachers, and 
others, write me conceraing the use of these lessons, 
the first of which will appear in the next issue of 
The Journal, and through this medium, I shall be 
glad to give whatever additional information may 
be desired. Also, correspondence resxiectiug the 
cost of stationery is invited. 

IllUstr^tjVe- i^^ 



' Br LaNODOW S. jHOM'piON 

Practical Lessons. — II. 

PLATE II is a continuation of the free, swinging 
movements required in Plate I. Most of the 
figures are the outlines of leaves, selected not 
for their beauty but rather for the simplicity of 
their outlines and the fact that in most cases their 
outlines can be made with a continuous movement 
of the crayon. For example, notice Figures 1, 2, 4, 
."> and 9. Begin at the left lower end and swing off 
a curve for the upper edge of the leaf, then (before 
lifting the crayon) swing back for the lower edge of 
the leaf and, finally, make the middle line for the 
midrib. Remember, that one of the virtues of black- 
board sketching is that it must be done rapidly and 
with as few strokes as possible. In Plate I, the de- 
sign is to secure economy of movement and yet se- 
cure all that is essential in the outline. 

In Figures 3, 6, 7 and 12, the movement may begin 
at the apex of the leaf, proceeding first toward the 
stem, then back to the apex, and finishing with the 
midrib. These will be slightly more difficult than 
the first numbers mentioned. In Figures 13, 14, 15, 
16 and 17. which show perspective effects, it is csu- 
ally better to make the midribs first. The arrows 
will show the order and directions of the various 
curves. A little shading, done with the broad side 
of the crayon, helps to bring out the form. Figure 
11 is easy, is made with a single, continuous move- 
ment, and is effective. 

The student should continue to practice the free- 
movement exercises on Plate VI, in the previous 

I'lair III. 

In Plates I and II the movement should be light, 
free and gliding. In Plate III the movement re- 
quired is quite different, also the manner of handling 
the crayon. The effective blackboard sketcher must 
have many resources. He must be able to move 
lightly, and on occasion to emphasize strongly and 
quickly. For the exercises on this plate the crayon 
should not be hard nor glazed. The side of the 
crayon should be used throughout the plate. 

For the first nine exercises use a piece of crayon 
one and a half or two incnes in length. The position 
before the board should be as described in the first 
article. Now, with a firm, steady movement, rather 


slow at first, practice Exercise 1, making the lines 
twelve inches or more in length. When a little 
power is gained t^e movement may he a little more 
rapid and it may he regulated by counting or keep- 
ing time in some other way. Then take up Exercises 
2, 3 and 4 in a similar manner, drawing vertical 
strokes downward, horizontal ones toward the right, 
and the oblique ones usually downward. Exercise 5 
is an aijplication of vertical and horizontal strokes. 
Exercise adds oblique strokes. No exercises could 
be better for these broad-stroke movements, and the 
ability to make these letters rapidly is very useful to 
most teachers. 

Figures 7 and 8 are easily done after the previous 
drill, and they are always delightful to the little 

For the little squares in Figure 8 place the crayon 
at the upper right side of the square to be made, at 
an angle of 4.5'', and move it downward and to the 
left at the same angle, in distance eiiual to tie side 
of the square. A little practice of this movement 
will enable one to make these oblique squares iiuite 
effectivi-ly and rapidly. Figures «, 10 and 11 may be 
executed with a narrower s'roke than the preceding 
figures. The teacher should now be constantly on 
the lookout for objects that can be effectively drawn 
with a few strokes, and she should make a note of 
them for future use. 

In Figure 13 make the squares as directed in Figure 
8. For Figure 14, hold a piece of crayon, two or 
more inches long, in the middle, press it against the 
board rather firmly, and revolve it around the cen- 
tral part. It is uoi so difficult as it may appear at 

Figures 15 and 16 represent stone or brick walls 
very effectively to the imaginations of children. 
Make short horizontal strokes with the side of the 
crayon as directed for Exercise 2. Double strokes 
can be mado for the corner stones in Figure 16. 
Figure 17 shows an application of Figures 1.5 and 16. 
A very faint outline of the house and windows may 
first be made to regulate the form of the different 
parts as they are built up; or rather as they are built 
down, as it is perhaps easier to begin with thechim- 


ney and work downward. When the bricks are all 
placed, the outlines of the house and windows may 
be emphasized. 

Figure 18 represents a series of horizontal cylin- 
ders or logs. They are not difficult to make with 
single strokes if the student will 
press against the lower end of the 
crayon much more firmly than at 
the upper end. Figure 18 is now to 
be applied in drawing the log house, 
Figure 19. The house and its parts 
may first be outlined as in Figure 17. 
Once more, allow us to emphasize 
the suggestions 1. 3, 3, 4, h and 6 of 
the previous article. 

met with hearty welcome. His artistic and humorous 
pen sketches appearing in The Journal have at- 
tracted much attention. As a Supervisor of Writing 
Mr. Webb has made a most pronounced success. He 
won the Supervisor's certificate for prize offered to 
city sapervisor haviug the greatest number of stu- 
dents winning prizes in The Journal's public school 
contest. He has placed the public schools of Nash- 
ville in the front rank iu both writing and drawing. 


A. C. WEBB. 

Iowa, that State of good penmen 
and teachers, has reason to feel proud 
of A. C. Webb. The first twenty- 
oup years of his life were spent on 
an Iowa farm. He attended the com- 
ini.n schools, taught country school, 
I < ti:)k literary and penraauship courses 
at a normal college, and then 
branched out for himself. In 1H83 
he opened an Institute of Penman- 
ship and Art in Nashville, Tenu., 
and has many prominent penmen 
and teachers who owe their success 
to his teachings. In 188.") he was mar- 
ried to Miss Ellen Hanor of Bowling 
Green, Ky. The two young penmen 
shown in the accompanying por- 
trait are the special pride of Mr. and 
Mrs. Webb. Mr. Webb is the re- 
tiring president of the Western Pen- 
men's Association, and won the re- 
spect of all members at the Lincoln 
meeting by his courteous treatment 
and impartial decisions. It is not in 
I>enmanship alone that Mr. Webb 
excels, as he is an artist as well. His 
splendid course of lessons iu drawing 
.iust concluded in The Journal is 
one of the most practical ever 
■ - printed. He is joint author of 

ough to justify the surplus spiufttJlowanw. Sketch hcrewitb.— Ed.] pnblic and graded schools that has 

good looking e 

Fraternal Notes. 

— We had a very pleasant call recently from Mies E. 
A. McDonnell, Supvr. at Holyoke, Mass. She was ac- 
companied by her brother, who is a prominent paper 
manufacturer of that city. She has been very successful 
in her work at HolyoUe and is planning with much en- 
thusiasm for the future. Her sister. Miss Catharine Mc- 
Donnell, is Supvr. at South Hadley, Mass. 

— F. G. Steele is Supvr. of Writing and Drawing in the 
schools of Newark and Xenia, O., giving two days a week 
to Xenia and three days to Newark. Of course, this keeps 
him busy. 

— The Orlando, Fla. , public schools, owing to the present 
financial stringency, have dispensed with their teacher of 
commercial and shorthand branches, but be has opened up 
a private school in the public school building and is doing 
better than when working on salary. C. O. Meux is the 
enterprising young man. 

— A. F. Stolebarger. Supvr at Ottumwa, la. , has re- 
cently taken charge of the newly created Public School 
Dept. of the Western Penman. 

— A. H. Steadman, proprietor of the Steadman B. C, 
has been elected Supervisor of Writing in the city schools 
of Toledo, Ohio. He is active and enthusiastic, and nolesa 
we are greatly mistaken we think that the people of Toledo 
will discover that the money invested in his salary was 
wisely spent. There should be ten times as manv super- 
visors employed as at present. Writing is not a fad. but a 
bread and butter necessity and should be properly taught. 

— J. H. Fulks of Leosburg, Fla., is superintendent of 
the public schools there and is greatly iutf rested in writing. 
He secures subscriptions for The Journal from his teach- 
ers and pupils and in other ways indicates that he is going 
to have writing taught as it should be in his schools. 

Public School Work. 

Supvr. J. O. Gordon of Rocky River and Lakewood, O., 
is responsible for ihe excellent writing in a large package 
of specimens received from Lakewood. These pupils are 
in school but five months each year. Every student in 
one room is represented in this exhibit by capitals, small 
and large movement exercises. The writing of these young 
people is more than creditable. It follows closely Mr. 
Gordon's own splendid business writing— and that's good 
enough for anybody. Here is another case where it is 
shown that business writing not only can be taught — but 
is taught, and that, too, under adverse circumstances. 
Among the best writers are : Hatiie A. Nevill, Edwin A. 
Mastick, Shirley Dean, Tom Sanford, Dora Elton, Edna 
Conway, Arthur Mastick. 

A sample cf the writing of all the pupils in the ninth 
grade of School Xo. 8, Buffalo, N. Y., after about three 


I C^iC riXauuzS 

moDtbs' drill with forearm movement, shows good prog- 
ress. It is a pity that forearm moTement was- not iiitro- 
duced into the Buffalo schools years ago. The woik be 
fore us shows many traces of finger action that will 
disappear under a vigorous movement training. 

A large package of writing of the pupils of the sixth and 
ninth grades in the Brattleboro, Vt., schools has been sent 
us by Supervisor J. L. Howard. The samples represent 
the average grammar grade work. Mr. Howard is work- 
ing hard to arouse enthusiasm among pupils, teachers and 
patron*", and his good work is telling. He has 1.500 pupils 
uuder his instruction. Among the best writers are : Anna 
Johnson, Laura Leitsinger, Dan. Maguire, Annie Turner. 
Chas. E. Gould, Annie rhomas, Mabel Applin, Florence 
Gondenoueh Elizabeth Bagg, May Stockwell, Meta Stolte, 
E. H. Goortale. 



No. 2. 

J5 — It has been objected especially by profes- 
sional penmen that vertical writing? does not admit of 
free movement. Judging by their explanations, it 
is mpinly because they have not found the right po- 
sition of the hand, nor do they understand the rela- 
tion of the arm to the desk. The reason for this is, 
all onr desks have been built to suit certain condi- 
tions, the chief of which was sloping writing. For 
years there has been an unconscious effort to adapt 
the human body and school furniture to a system of 
writing, and one of the results has been a gradual 

lessening of the incline of desks, until now very few 
have a slope of more than five degrees. The monks, 
who used vertical letters in their missals, worked on 
a surface that had an incline fully as great as the 
reading desk of today. With the introduction of 
italic letters the incline of desks was reduced a little, 
and as the slope of writing increased the incline of 
the desks decreased. In many of the business and 
penmanship schools to-day the desks are perfectly 
flat. Why? Because the movement for sloping 
writing is much freer on a horizontal surface. 

10. — As the incline of the desk was lowered the 
front edge of it had to be raised to bring the paper 
so uewhere near the proper distance from the eyes 
without a complete doubling over of the body. If 
the forearms are placed on the desk the height of 
the edge necessitates the spread of the elbows seen 
in Figs. 2 and 3. This may also be seen in any of 
the cuts illustrating the position for sloping 

17. — It is just here that our friends the slopers 
have made their most vigorous defense of the old 

citadel. They claim that the paper must be turned, 
as in *Diagram 1 , to bring the lines at right angles to 
the forearm, so that when the arm swings from left 
to right on its fixed rest at O it describes an arc of 
which one of the ruled lines on the paper will form 
a chord ; but if the paper be turned as in Diagram 
2. the arm would have to be pushed back into the 
sleeve in order to keep on the line. 

18. — If there were no alternative as to the posi- 
tion of the arm and hand, then their citadel, con- 
sidering the style of desk, would be impregnable : 
but. unfortunately for their cause, we have alterna- 
tives. Fig. 4 represents the position many of our 
pupils assume at this kind of desk, and Diagram 3 
illustrates the movement of hand and arm. The 


paper is placed near the edge of the desk and the 
arm rests lightly on the upper part of the wrist, the 
elbows hanging easily at the side, the weight of the 
arm being principally supported from the shoulder. 
The wrist acts as a moving rest similar to the 
service performed by the fingers in the old mus- 
cular, forearm or combined movement, or whatever 
it is the teachers of the slope use in their writing. 
But some teachers may find special cases in which 
the desk is so much too high that the pupils cannot 
take this position and write freely. In this extreme 
case the pupil may be allowed to place his forearms 
on the desk and turn the paper a few degrees. 

19. — The effort to get pupils to write with the 
paper square in front of them with the arms resting 
on the desk will result in mauy of the pupils push- 
ing the left arm well up on the desk, as represented 
in Fig. 'i. This is the worst position assumed by 
any of our pupils, even under these unfavorable con- 

20. — What we propose is to adapt school furni- 
ture and the system of writing to the human body. 

Even with ttnsaitable furniture — i. e. , furniture 
built for sloping writing — we are securing much 
more rapid writing than formerly. That is the best 
evidence of all essential movement. 


21. — The position for vertical writing at a desk 
with sufficient slope has been describetl in paragraph 
II. This, together with the illustrations Figs. 
6 and 7, will make farther explanation unneces- 

22. — In a class furnished with sloping desks of 
the proper size, it wo\ild not be necessary to drill on 
position for writing. The pupils natariilly fall into 
an easy, healthful posture. We have tried this ex- 
periment on our pupils who assume the worst 
postures, usually the position shown in Fig. 5. We 
arranged sloping tops for their desks and without 
saying anything about position let them continue 
their writing. At firs'; they placed the left arm in 
the old position, but evidently finding it uncom- 
forf;able they gradually straightened up quite near 
the normal posture. The part of the forearm on the 
desk rests lightly and moves with as much freedom 
as did the fingers when writing the old sloping 

23.— The position of the hand is clearly shown in 
Fig. 8. The hand turns well on the side with the 
thumb on top of the holder, and the handle of the 
pen points well to the right. The only instruction 
it seems necessary to give pupils in pen holding is 
to avoid letting the handle drop down between the 
thumb and forefinger, with the latter bent to a 
right angle, as shown in Fig. 9. 

24.— To read this paper without honestly testing 
the suggestions is time worse than wasted. 

A Palace Business College. 

A Journal representative receutly had the plea&ure of 
speading a day in the Bryant & Stratton Business College 
of Chicago. This is the school founded by H. B. Bryant of 
Lbe original firm of Bryant & Stratton, and is now owned 
and conducted by his son, W. H. Bryant, a brisbt, young, 
well educated business man. In the thirty eight years of 
its existence it has prepared 50,000 young men and women 
for business. Tbe College is now settled in its new and 
.'■umptuous apartments in the Bryant & Stratton BusineBB 
College Building, 3!5 to 3:^1 Wabash avenue, opposite tbe 
Auditorium. Nearly $40,000 have been expended in tbe 
furnishing and equipment of these model school rooms. 
The soUd mahogany banking fixtures in tbe banking and 
office department are the Columbian Exposition prize 
furniture of A. H. Andrews & Co. Exquisite carving, 
onyx and superb metal work make this one of tbe finest 
banking outfits in tbe country. Solid oak and glass parti- 
tions, marble drinking fountains and washrooms, solid oak 
wardrobe for each student, are a few of the incidentals 
that go to make this a business college palace. The class 
work is fully up to the lurnishing, and this, coupled with 
progressive yet conservative business management, makes 
this a model business school. 

* In tbe diagrams tbe line A represents the Una connect- 
ing tbe shoulders. 

The Oswego Timts ha* a long and good article on writ- 
ing. Tbe reporter visited the schools and found the position 
bad, tbe of holding the pen worse, and concluded 
that most teachers were incompetent to teach writing prop- 
erly. Criticism cominK from the outside nuiit be beedeJ. 
It is a fact that the penning in most of the schools is poorly 
taught. Lately, samples were laid on the desk from 47 
schools in all part? of the Union; some of these mode by 
children of ten were fine; others by boys of thirteen no 
better thin Alaska Indians would make.— iV. Y. School 

Tbe reports of city superintendents on the teaching of 
vertical writing are crowded out of this issue, but the pub- 
lication will be resumed next month. 


J4.— 20 eentd per Donparetl line. $2.ft0 perlncb- 
•nuntii for lorm and space. Special estlmat«H 
tlon. No advfTtlitoinenI taken for le<>s tban %'i. 
<■ vearVI: one number 10 centn. No free eam- 
vff aiti-nt* who are siih«Tll>erB, to aid tberu la 

riiii.ii.piL- I r.iiir r i,,,i iv III ,i.|. ,1, follows: 

1 be Klven, and tlie 
BaslnctH Journal. 

ibscrlber*. One montU's iioilce 
notice for change 

The imhwrlptlou price of 
_ y\kmal. Infl a yeor. N^ -.-'-•-. 
combination rat«> of f] 

ithly. The. Businei 
... We moke a spec-It 
r Journal and Bcs: 

No clubbing reduction. We moke i 
_ JI.BO for Pknman'8 Abt Journal and 
Journal. Present ftubucrlbers to^he Penmas'8 Art Journal may get 

iibttcrlptlona and club.i, are 

xtco. For papers going to 


iL'e, and cannot be entered 

would bo exceedingly i 
track of a mul" ^ 
from this rule. 

track of a multitude of Hmall i 

we depart 
I thnuHundft of people, and It 
lot to nay expensive, to keep 
inta. PoBltlvely no uevlatlon 

Our/rtend» toUl itave ut mxtch trouble and annoying delays and 
mtntakfji by maktno all checks, orders, c/c, payable to the Amks & 
Rollinbon CoMt'ANV. LettcTB and otfier mail matter should br ad- 
drttuied in the same way, at least on the outside of tlie package. 


Editorial Comment. 

A Sirmon In I'luKjirrtlrr Coiiiiiieirlnl TiachiiH. 

Every few weeks The Journal's emplojment bu- 
reau receives a poorly written application from some 
young man who desires to become a member of the 
agency. As we write we have the last one received 
before us. The writing is of that scrawly, tangled- 
up style that brings discredit on business schools, but 
it is not against the writing that we want to protest 
80 much as against the general slovenly appearance 
of the letter. The arrangement is very poor, it is 
entirely unpunctuated, has several blurs and the in- 
evitable jiostscript. After saying : " Iwould o/ regis- 
tered sooner," etc., he does " siocerely hope" that we 
■will get him a position " in a first-class business col- 
lege." He promises to send ' ' some recommendations 
from prominent people"— and no doubt he has them, 
because everybody has 'recommendations from 
prominent people." 

We want to say a word here abont the abuse of 
giving recommendations indiscriminately. Some 
months ago we had a call from a " first class" bus- 
iness college for a " first-class " teacher. We selected 
one having "first-class recommendations from prom- 
inent people," and these prominent people were well- 
known Ijiisiness college men. Upon the strength of 
these we recommended the young man for the place, 
and ho was engaged. A trial of a month or two 
proved to the satisfaction of the school proprietor 
that the teacher was not capable of filling the place, 
and he waf, as a consequence, discharged. A few 
days later we received a sharp letter from the school 
proprietor criticising us for recommending such a 
man. A day or two before this letter was received 
the discharged teacher had been in our office and had 
shown us a strong recommendation from his late 
employer, the man who had just discharged him for 
incomi)etency ! 

But to return to oxir young would-be teacher. He 
wanted a first class place to teach shorthand, type- 
writing, letter writing and the business branches, 
yet he wrote a poor hand, sent a badly arranged 
letter containing errors in grammar, blots and 
scratches. But to rouud out this comedy of errors 
the letter was signed " Prof." with a flourish on 
the P that would put Bro. Peirce to shame ! 

Why is it that joung men get the idea of teaching 
with so little preparation ; why is it that schools 
encourage them in this idea and recommend them, 
and why is it that such poorly prepared young men 
are recommended by prominent people/ It is an in- 
justice to everbody concerned, but more particularly 
to the young would-be teacher himself. 

No first-class business college will engage a teacher 
unless, in addition to a thorough preparation in his 
specialty, he can write a fairly good business hand, 
understands the English language, has at least a 
common school education and enough common sense 
to keep him from signing his name with •' Prof." 


llu n Trli> Hn'l Wny Acrons tlie CoiilineDI. 

As The Journal decided to have "its osyn corre- 
spondent in the midst of hostilities " (a Id metropoli- 
tan dailies just .it present), and the "midst of hos- 
tilities" was the meeting of the Western Penmen's 
Association at Lincoln, Neb., the said Journal man 
decided to stop at a few of the most important points 
en roi<?c to meet some of the brethren. As the AU- 
tance traveled was 4,OflO miles and but two weeks' 
time could be spared for traveling and sight seeing, 
we were obliged to forego the pleasure of stopping 
at scores of cities where there are hundreds of good 
friends of The Journal. 

The first stop was at Albany, N. Y., where we 
spent the time with Messrs. Carnell and Bartow of 
the Albany Business College, a prosperous, well 
equipped and well managed school. At the Troy 
Business College Messrs. Shields and Hall were hold- 
ing forth. 

Late the same day we reached Rochester and the 
next morning dropped in on Brothers Williams, Rog- 
ers, King, Osborn and S. C.Williams at the Rochester 
Business University. The first three were found busy 
in the publication office reading proof, revising old 
and preparing new books, and opening letters con- 
taining orders and checks, preparing advertisments, 
etc. We were received most kindly and were shown 
through the large school rooms by Mr. Osborn. The 
" R. B. U." has been known for years as a training 
school for commercial teachers— a high grade busi- 
ness school. It is splendidly equipped, has a fine 
corps of teachers and a good attendance— about the 
average at this season. Under the guidance of 
Brother King (royal by nature as well as by name) 
we saw the printing and publishing plants where 
the mechanical work was done on the 300,000 copies 
of the Williams & Rogers Bookkeeping and the 
hundreds of thousauds of copies of their other pub- 
lications, and the mechanical part is well done, too. 
We next saw the town, and a pretty town it is. We 
are inclined to think that Mr. King is in the employ 
of some real estate firm, or possibly the Board of 
Trade, because, judging from the groiind covered, 
we were led to believe it a bigger place than New 
York, and Mr. King wasn't backward in help- 
ing us to believe it. Mr. W. H. Halicy has recently 
purchased the Flower City Business College and we 
found him planning a vigorous campaign. Mr. B. 
S. Underbill is proud of his shorthand work and is 
just bpginning to push the commercial department 
in the Underbill Business College. 

At Buffalo we found so many schools and friends 
that it was hard to tear ourselves away. Dr. 
Bryant of the Bryant & Stratton Business College 
very kindly showed us the new college building 
which was then nearing completion, and has since 
been entirely finished. It has a good location, and 
is well planned. Bro. Stephenson was hard at work 
conducting his big writing classes. At the Caton 
College we found Mr. Caton himself and Messrs. 
Trainer, Crumb, Hurst and Smalley. We are under 
many obligatioas to Mr. Trainer for hospitalities 
extended. He knew the best theater, the best play, 
and "the best is none too good," he said. At the 
Buffalo Business University were found the proprie- 
tor, Mr. Johnson, and the penman S. K. Burden. 
Mr. Burden is an inventor as well as a penman, and 
has several office specialties on the market. At the 
College of Commerce we were shown through the 
rooms, but as school was over for the day we did 
not meet the teachers. Our old friend, schoolfellow 
and bedfellow, G. K. Demary, is now assistant super- 
visor of writing in the city schools, and, of course, 
we could not miss seeing him and his good wife. 
While students under Flickinger in 1884 we were 
roommates, and the only dispute we ever had was 
over the space to be occupied by each in the bed. 
Bro. Demary said that while we took but half the 
space, we managed to take our half in the middle. 
Mr. Demary is making a success of his work in Buf- 
falo : he works hard, and gives value received for 
his salary. 

At Cleveland we spent a very pleasant half day 

with Messrs. Spencer, Felton, Loomis, Lister and 
the Spencerian faculty. Bro. Lister has plenty to 
do with the large writing classes. The college was 
to have an entertainment the next day which we 
were sorry to miss. This school occupies its own 
building. Mr. Loomis of the Practical Text Book 
Company was found opening the morning mail and 
handed us some of the letters beginning: " Noticing 
your advertisement in The Penman's Art Journal," 
to show that advertising does pay. This company 
have spent a fortune in their series of books and they 
are gratified at their success in introducing them. 
E. L. Glick was in his element at the Euclid Avenue 
Business College. He believes in muscular move- 
ment and lots of it. He runs things at a telegraph 
speed, too, and is very enthusiastic. We reached 
the Ohio Business University after hours, but found 
Manager L. L. Gatewood still on duty. He is a con- 
scientious teacher. At the Cleveland College of 
Shorthand we met Albert Day, the aathor of Day's 
Shorthand, and found him a very pleasant gentleman. 

Chicago was the next stopping place. 

The Bryant & Stratton Business College is more 
fully described in another column. Through Mr. 
Bryant's kindness we enjoyed the hospitality of the 
Union League Club and were otherwise delightfully 
entertained. Messrs. Reynolds. McCaslin and Wil- 
ley made our stay in the big school pleasant. We 
found Messrs. Whigliam and Goodyear of the West 
Side Business College making improvements and 
preparing for a larger school. The Metropolitan 
Business College is housed m its own fine building, 
the property of Principal Powers, and is enjoying a 
prosperous year. The Chicatro Business College, 
where the "automatic man," Faust, holds forth, is 
owned by Gondring & Virden, and reports a good 
attendance. Jones' Business College and the Lake- 
side Business College were visited out of school 
hours. At the latter were found B. M. Worthington 
and A. D. Taylor, the latter busy on some beautiful 

Owing to the convention we were unable to visit 
any of the Lincoln schools, but learned that because 
of the drought and consequent failure of crops in 
Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and South Dakota, that tlie 
attendance was below the average. 

In Omaha the Omaha Commercial College is nicely 
fixed again. They were burned out last spring. 
The Rohrbough Bros, have been in the business for 
years and have built up a big school. That superb 
penman, J. W. Lampman. is very enthusiastic over 
business practice work just at present : he has a 
plan of his own that is producing good results. 
Some of his prize writing is remarkable for its 
delicacy and accuracy. The Omaha Business Col- 
lege is presided over by F. F. Roose, who has for 
his right hand men Frank Longwith and J. E. Mac- 
Cormac, while G. H. Lockwood. the artist penman, 
looks after all the interests of the pen. J. T. Dailey 
of Dailey & Lawrey's Business College is preparing 
to enlarge his school. This is the newest business 
college in Omaha. 

We made New Year's calls at Kansas City, and 
while the business schools were not " receiving," 
yet all were "at home," and made us feel ditto. 
President J. F. Spalding of .Spalding's Commercial 
College, and his fine sons, made us welcome at 
that well-known institution. We would scarcely 
know F. B. Courtney since he shed his mustache. 
He told us that some one called it a baseball mus- 
tache (" three out — all out"), and that it was too 
tender to stand such remarks, so it has gone in again 
until spring. Courtney is still turning out fine wri- 
ting — and to the matinees. P. S. Brown has a young 
but flourishing institution, Brown's Business School, 
and reports prospects good. At the Kansas City 
Business University we met Mr. Will J. Wheeler, 
now president of the Springfield. Mo. , "Business Col- 
lege, and were very pleasantly received. Henry 
Coon was found at his old stand conducting Coon's 
Business College. 

St. Louis was next on the list. At the Bryant & 
Stratton Business College, Dr. Carpenter, the pro- 
prietor, and John F. Stockton, penman, made it 
pleasant for us. Dr. Carpenter has employed some 
noted teachers in his time and has educated hun- 
dreds of St. Louis' prominent business men. We 
found E. H. Fritch of the Southwest Business Col- 
lege busv registering a new student when we en- 
tered. This school is but a few months old. but is 
doing well. Fred. Torrence, the gentlemanly pen- 
man of Jones' Business College, showed us some fine 
examples of the skill of W. H. Wiessehahn. At 
Hay ward's Business College we had a good chat with 
W. E. Hartsock, a fine writer. 

Indianapolis was reached early in the morning and 
there seemed to be a sort of a brilliant glow in the 
direction of the " When " block, where is located the 
Indianapolis University. On stepping into 
the office of the college we saw the reason — there sat 
the "Electric Light of the West"— C. H.Pierce, 
formerly of Keokuk. Iowa, but now of the United 
States. ( He gets his mail at Evansville, Ind.) We 
received a warm welcome from Messrs. Heeb and 
Moore. To furnish diversion for the students Bro. 
Pierce and ourselves were placed on exhibition. At 
the Spencerian Business College we found Mr. E. E 

Admire holding the fort, and incidentally a good 
sized school. The College of Commerce took onr 
breath away — the elevator in the handsome new 
Jonmal building was out of order and we lost it 
(our breath, not the elevator) — climbing the four 
flights of stairs. But we found plenty of room at 
the top and a good school and warm welcome as 
well from proprietor Stossmeister. M. D. Fulton 
the new penman of this school had .iust taken hold 
when we were there, but as he had a good grip we 
don't think that he will let go soon. 

Anderson, Ind., was the last stop. Here wefound 
the Indiana Business Institute, conducted by J. A. 
Payne. Anderson is a thriving manufadurlng city 
in the heart of the natural gas region and Principal 
Payne feels encouraged at the outlook. 

Financial depression and bad crops have been the 
causes that have cut off the attendance and revenue 
of some schools, more especially those the furthest 
west, but we found that the commercial schools were 
doing fully as well as any other kind of business. 

EDITOR'S Calendar, 

Mills's Compendium of Vertical Writing. Pub- 
lished by E. C. Mills, Bushnell, III. Price, 50 cents. 
Mr. Mills has presented a full series of copies (movement 
exercises, words, sentences, etc.), cuts of position and quite 
full instructions. It is well arranged, nicely graded and 
presents a very sensible style of vertical writing— a style 
that will allow of the use of the forearm movement and 
speed. This compendium contains much material for study 
and practice and should be owned by all who are the least 
bit interested in writing— either sloping or vertical. 
Roderick Hume. Story of a New York teacher. By 
C. W. Bardeen, editor of The School Bulletin. Sec- 
ond edition. Published by C. W. Bardeen, Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. Paper. Price, 50 cents. 
We picked up this book to review it and finished by read- 
ing and enjoying it thoroughly. It is a well written novel, 
depicting the incidents in the life of the average principal 
of viUage schools. It is worth reading by those who are 
not teachers, and no teacher should be satisfied till he has 
added a copy to his library. The teaching proiession should 
be proud of Mr. Bardeen. 

Because I Lovk You. Edited by Anna E. Mack. Pub- 
lished by Lee & Shepard, Boston. Cloth, white and 
gold. Boxed. Price, $1.50. 
Poetry is the language of love. Miss Mack has given a 
rare book to con over with a sweetheart, or from which to 
select sentiments to accompany a gift of flowers. It is just 
the bonk also to present to the " nearer one, dearer one yet 
than all others," who has given comfort and encouragement 
to the rough ways and steep ways of life, or to the aged 
friend, or the bereaved one, cherishing yet the memory of 
days of love, and remembering that love is still the promise 
of the future. No person who wants the best thoughts on 
this sweetest of all themes can atford to do without it. 

Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor. 
Published by Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Sq,, 
New York. 
This is a new edition of the American text-book of the 

Isaac Pitman system, and has been carefully revised. The 
first edition was sold in eighteen months, a circumstance 
that speaks well for the growmg popularity of the Isaac 
Pitman syst«m on this side of the Atlantic. 

Handbook of Standard or American Phonography. 
By Andrew J. Graham & Co., 744 Broadway, New 

This is a new and revised edition. The author in his 
preface states that the changes made tire in the presentaticn 
of the principles and not in the principles themselves. Tbis 
edition contains many more engraved examples of short 
hand than in any previous edition ; some changes have 
been made in the reading and writing exercis^es ; chapters 
on phonetics have been almost entirely dispensed with and 
a brief phonogiaphie dictionary added. The late Mr. 
Graham was wont to boast that no change had been made 
in the text book of his system since it first appeared a third 
of a ceutury ago. We believe, therefore, that the new 
Handbook is the first to point out any change, however 

Prom the same publishers we have received samples of 
Writing Exercise Blacks, which should prove a valuable 
aid to students of the Graham system. 

Vaile's Vertical-Writing Copy-Book and Manual. 
E. O. Vaile, Oak Park (Chicago), author and pub- 
There are five books,'a manual and a set of alphabet wall 
cards in this series of vertical writing books. There are 
many good points in the books. The principal one, we 
think, is the size (6 x '.) inches), making the book conven- 
ient to handle on an ordinary desk. There are many 
other points claimed by the author-publisher in which we 
fail to see any advantage, one in particular, where he has 
four diffeient copies on a page, and says ha regard to it : 
" It gives the child more practice in real writing, and does 
away with copying a line twelve or fifteen times, nith the 
result that the nearer the child gets to the bottom of the 
page the worse his writing is." The reasons that cause poor 
writing at the bottom of the page are poor teaching or no 
teaching, and the fact that each additional line gets the 
pupil tbat much farther away from the copy. But there 
are systems that have slidmg copies, aud others that repeat 
the copy two or three times on each page. A teacher who 
cannot keep her pupils interested long enough to write the 
same copy twelve or fifteen times should prepare a new 
series of writing books and be in style. '"The most dis- 
tinctive feature of the books is," to quote the author's own 
words, "the abandonment of the tine art, painfully en- 
graved copper plate copies on which the last two or three 
generations were drilled. One of the severest criticisms on 
our public schools to-day is that our children do not acquire 
in them a practical business hand. The copies in these 
[Vaile's] books are actual free-hand writing^ made with 
a pen and ink just as the pupil has to make them in school. 
The writing in these books shows that it is genuine writing 
reproduced by the photographic process." We do not 
believe that Mr. Vaile, or whoever prepared the copies 
*' wrote them free-hand, just as the pupil has to make 
them in schooV His tirade against finely engraved copies 
with tbe plea that copies should be prepared " just as the 
pupil has to make them in school " is meaningless when 
his own copies are drown out and not written. We shall 
be glad to publish a few lines of Mr. Vaile's copy writing, 
written with the speed and after the manner that the aver- 
ago fifteen year old boy should write. It is generally safer 
to leave the writing field to its own specialists because they 
have had the experience, have been able to give it time and 
attention and their books, as a rule, follow out some par- 
ticular method. 


Thk Philosophy of Book-keeping. By W. T. Boone, 

M.A. Published by the author. Pamphlet form, 44 

Mr. Boone is president of the People's College, South 
Bend, Ind., and this little book is the result of his experi- 
ence. "It is designed to present in an easy and ct.m- 
prehensible style the science of accounts," is what the 
preface says, and he certainly has condensed his work into 
the smallest possible number of pages. 
The Teacher's Mentor. C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, 

N. Y. Paper, .50 cents. 
This is but one of the many excellent books that Mr. 
Bardeen is bringing out monthly in his " Standard 
Tfacher's Library." In this volume are contained Buck 
ham's First Steps in Teaching, Huntington's Unconsoiou: 
Tuition, Fitch's Art of Questioning, aud Fitch s Art ol 
Securing Attention. Every teacher of penmanship di 
ing and the bU'slness branches should have a professi 
library, and this is an excellent and cheap book for the 
young teacher or prospective teacher as a starter. Young 
teachers in special lines must learn that he who achieves 
the most pronounced success as a true teacher is the one 
with the best pedagogical training, and the one who keeps 
pace with the rapid development in educational matters. 

Answers to Correspondents. 

A. B. and others. — Is a fine pen as good for vertical writ- 
ing as a coarse pen 'l 

No. A medium coarse, or coarse pen is much better 
than a fine one, and those who have had the most expe- 
rience in writing the vertical recommend and use coarser 
pens than for the ordinary slant writing. 

William H. Greville, London, England.— Your "Com" 
pendium " aud The Journal are of great service to me. I 
am glad to see that you have again opened a column for 
" Answers to Correspondents" Here is one thing I cannot 
get on with: How do you get the shade so low down (really 
underneath) on the egg-shaped oval in the old style capital 
stem ? 

It seems to me that the pen must be held very much on one 
side to get the shade so low. 

Use a fine, elastic pen, press the nibs squarely ou the 
paper, and keep the holder, so far as possible, on the same 
slant as the shaded stroke. The oblique holder's greatest 
use is in just such places as this. If you use the oblique 
holder it will slant the pen at a different angle from the 
forefinger aud will aid iu making a smoother shade. 


It " J'trdr" 



A widely known teacher of writing, while conducting a 
"pay-in-the-middle-of-your-term" writing class in an East- 
ern town, on the evening coming at the middle of the term 
after a neat little speech, informing the class of his efforts 
in their behalf, etc., stated that the settling point had been 
reached and he hoped to be able to write this legend on the 
bill now in each pupil's hands. Suiting the action to the 
words, he stepped to the board and this is the legend he 
wrote; "fade." 

/^^f^t^;/,^ 'miil;M~E MlfRNAL'S "^u¥&'GRkPH REGISTER'. V^ ■"■ ""^^^^''^^ 





f:oinutfrcUU Script. 

HIS style of script is applicable to 
many practical purposes and is 
worthy of the most careful study 
and practice. 

Tabe a sheet of good paper 
(bristol board preferred), and rule 
head and base lines to govern 
height of the letters. Make your copy twice the size 
of the one s^own herewith. Draw each letter in 
ouMine with pencil, never leaving a letter until you 
are satiflfied that it looks .inst right, then go over it 
with ink, and laatly, fill in the shaded strokes. Do 
not attempt to write these letters, bat draw them— 
study and treat them .lUst as you would Roman or 
any other style of lettering. It Is well to write this 
style of script when used in small forms for body 
work, but when used for large display work it should 
always be drawn. 

Western Normal College, LIdcoId, Neb. She wasuntiriog 
in her efforts before the CoDventioD and left uothiag un- 
done while the members were there to see that they were 
comfortable and bapny. 

A very complete report of the Association was taken by 
Dan Brown, the official stenographer, and this, together 
with all papers read and contributed, will be printed 
shortly. Due notice will be given when the report is for 
sale. Aa it will contain some very fine pap>ers and interest- 
ing discussions, it will be of great value to all interested in 
the topics on the programme. 

By addressing C. A. Faust, treasurer, 45 Randolph street, 
Chicago, III., Chicago Bus. College, and informing him of 
the number of copies desired, it will aid the officers c£ the 
Association in determining how many to print. It is 
thought the price will be $1 a copy. 

By the way. but few banded in their names, and what is 
still more important, the very necessary dollar for that 
photograph. Those desiring the photograph can obtain it 
from W. D. Kilborn, Noble Studio. Lincoln, Neb. Mr. 
Kilborn took the trouble to take the photograph, and we 
trust that members will patronize him so that at least he 
will not be the loser by the operation. 

A greeting from the Nebraska State Teachers' Associa- 
tion was rather tardy, but it was appreciated, nevertheless. 

The delegations from Kansas and Missouri were especially 


This alphabet is not given as a standard copy, but 
as one o^ a thousand and one variations of which 
commercial script is admissible. Nest month we 
will present a variety of pretty and practical sugges- 
tions which will show you one way of using this 
style of script to advantage. 


A Fi-w ArtfT-lhouHhu. 

The hot«l accommodations were the best ever offered at 
any convention, especially considering the prices. Every 
convenience was provided. 

The rooms providiHl for the use of the Convention were 
ideal for the purpose, except that the larger meeting room 
could not be well heate<I, owing to the low temperature 
and the high wind. The cold snap reached Lincoln with 
the convention, and it was the only thing to mar the meet- 

It seems too Imd that more of those who were beneeted 
by the Association did not become members and pay the 
fee. At the Lincoln meeting there were many who came 
long distauces to attend the convention, many who took 
part in the discussions, and some who, upon request of 
friends and associates, were placed on the programme and 
who were there and deUvered their talks, but did not be- 
come members of the Association— at least the treasurer 
had no official notice of it. 

The success of the shorthand section and the enjoyable 
entertainment gott*>u up for their benefit are mainly due to 
the extra bard work and tact of Miss Julia M. Fay of the 

large and enthusiastic. With true Western enterprise 
they got their heads together and were bound to land the 
Convention in one of those States for the next year, but 
after reconsidering the matter they saw how unjust it 
would be to Eastern members to hold it in the same locality 
two consecutive years. This was heaping coals of fire on 
the heads of those who, because they had votes enough, 
held it East for several years, but we hope the sacrificing 
spirit of our Missouri and Kansas brethren will be duly 
appreciated by the Eastern members. 

The recitations of Miss Lucia AV. Raines of the depart- 
ment of elocution of the Western Normal College were 
greatly enjoyed. 

For the first time in the history of the Association the 
Executive Committee placed no one on the programme 
who had not signified his intention in writing to be present 
and take the part assigned. There were but two or three 
exceptions to this, and it seemed as if they might make it 
possible to attend until the last moment. The majority of 
those who failed to put in an appearance notified the offi- 
cers of the Association, but there were mauy who didn't 
think any notice was necessary. 

The receptions and entertainments were pleasing feat- 
ures of the Convention, and the kind hospitality of President 
and Mrs. Croan was most thoroughly appreciated by all. 
The best orchestra in the city was engaged and daintj'^ 
refreshments were served ; and, in addition to President 
aud Mrs. Croan's efforts, the faculty and students of the 
school aud the citizens of the town did everything they 
could to make the stay of the members of the Convention 

At each Convention Bro. Faust manages to get the 
members together, and taking the middle of the floor, asks 
with tears in his eyes, if they have ever heard his dog 

story. A chorus of noes is the usual response, aud then he 
takes time to ask each member individually, because he is 
very particular not to have the same person bear the story 
twice. As he tells the story at each Convention in the 
same way and asks the same question, of course no one 
ever heard it before. This time he told it just before the 
picture was taken, and the photographer didn't have to say 
*■ Look pleasant " once after the meiubers were in position. 
Evidently Bro. Faust was in collusion with the photog- 

The members of the Association owe much to J. G. Per- 
kins of the Wtstern Normal College, wboat the last moment 
took Mr. WalluCL's place on the Executive Committee and 
did much of the disagreeable work falling to the lot of the 

The exhibit of shorthand, typewriting, commercial and 
writing supplies, specimt?us of pupils' work, etc., was a 
surprise to most members, as tbey had anticipated but 
little from this, the first attempt to have a regular exhibit. 
One large room was devoted to Ibis purpose and was filled 
during a large part of the day by teachers aud others 
interested in the many interesting things on exhibition. 
We bad hoped to be alile to give a detailed account of the 
exhibit, but it proved to be so large that it is beyond 
our space. The work of the pupils in public schools at- 
tracted, perhaps, the most attention and contained hun- 
dreds of thousands of specimens. It was well worth the 
effort it cost to get up this exhibit, aud the success of this 
one augurs well for the exhibits at future meetings. 

Hundreds of letters have been received from people who 
bad hoped to be present, but were unable to make arrange- 
ments to come, who regret that tbey were not there, but 
all eyes are now turned to Chicago for '95, and it looks as 
if no room In any business college there will be found large 
enough to hold the crowds who will attend. Make your 
plans early and douH let anything keep you from being at 


1 '95, 



TIllilN anssvering an advertisement do 
\ >m mention that yon saw it in The 
.louRNAL? I wish you would in the 
I uture because it helps both the adver- 
,j tiser acd The Journal and doesn't 
hurt jou. The advertiser likes to 
know if his advertisement is read, and how many 
read it. H« gets information on these points if you 
mention in your reply that you saw the advt. in The 
Penman's Art Journal. At times advertisers ex- 
periment with particular kinds of ads, and they are 
particularly anxious to know whether they are good 
or bad. Then this mention helps The Journal. 
Advertising is the life blood of any paper, as the 
subscriptions do not pay running expenses. Adver- 
tising patronage is based on results ; by results I 
mean the amount of trade that can be traced to the 
advertising. Plenty of trade from the advertising 
means plenty of advertising : plenty of advertising 
means a bigger Journal— a better Journal. Isn't 
that worth saying a good word for? 

And by the way have yon noticed how we are 
growing ? Big subscription list; results from adver- 
tising, big advertising — and as a consequence big 

That stick pin premium was a happy idea. If you 
didn't get yours within a few days after ordering, 
please excuse me ; it was my fault. I didn't know 
that they were going to be so popular and didn't 
have enough made in the first order, but the second 
"edition "is ready now. and we can serpe all. In sil- 
ver for one sub. and $1 ; in gold for two subs, and 
$3 ; or one sob. for two years— $1 now, .$1 at begin- 
ning of second year. (You get the pin at once.) 

Read the advertisements carefully this month and 
send for catalogues, circulars, etc., to the various 
advertisers. You will get some splendid literature, 
and may find just the article you have been looking 
for. I think my part of the paper (the advertising 
pages) just as interesting as that turned out by the 
editors. Don't you ? 

My pet, The Penman's Art Journal, like all pets, 
js a little jealous of our new baby — The Business 
Journal. The baby is getting a great deal of atten- 
tion just now, and thousands of people are writing 
words of praise about it. Have you seen it? If 
not, send ten cents for a sample copy. 

I often wonder why ink makers don't advertise 
more. Scarcely a xlay passes that some one doesn't 

write and ask the editor where thic, that or the other 
ink may be had, or what is the best ink. And it's 
abont the same story with pen holders, and fine pen- 
manship sDpplies. 

How did you like onr new dress last month ? We 
feel 80 well pleased over the " bnshels" of congratu- 
latory letters received over our change of costnme, 
that we have been obliged to sew the buttons tighter 
on the said costume. 


» lull Ibe BuDinenn World Conaiilci'8 (.'ood Busineaa 

The Remitt of" The iloui-nal's " InvesHnatiDn, 


OR over a year The Journal has 
been carefully investigating the 
handwriting of business and at 
the same time industriously col- 
lecting samples of writing that is 
considered the best for business 
purposes. The first installment 
of the result of that investigation is presented here- 
with. The investigation has extended to all civilized 
countries of the world. Samples received from 
American business houses will be presented first. 

As professional penmen we are a little prone to 
dictate to business men just the kind of writing 
that they should use. Business men, however, have 
ideas of their own, and as they pay to have these 
ideas carried out they have a right to be heard. 

As nothing of this character has ever been 
carried out on a sufficiently comprehensive scale to 
make the results deduced of any practical benefit, 
we decided to collect these specimens from the 
loading houses in the leading branches of business 
and present them systematically. 

Following is a copy of the letter mailed to the 
head of each business office, from -which we asked 
for specimens : 
Manageb American Express Co.. New York City. 

Dear Sir: The Penman's Art Journal i.^ collectine 
material for a series of illustrated articles showing the 
styles of writing that are cunent in large business ettub- 
lishnients at home and abroad. An important feature iu 
this series of illustrations will be the writing of American 
clerks, bookkeepers and general office help. 

We write to ask you to do us the favor of securing two 
lines of rapid business writing from each of the three or 
four of the best business writers in your establishment. 
Please do not let them know that these specimens are for 
publication, as that would destroy their value to us. We 
don't want dress parade writing, but genuine everv-dav 
business writing. 

For the sake of uniformity we suggest the following lines: 
"Received of A M Martin, one package, value unknown " 
Will you please have the writing done with good black 
mk on the inclosed slip of paper and mail at earliest con- 
venience in inclosed envelope without folding ; 
Ilespectfully yours. 

Penman's Art Joornal. 
The responses were numerous and prompt and 
have been carefully tabulated and arranged. The 
samples as presented are exactly as received, and 
show what is considered good writing in the various 
lines of business. Those shown this month are ex- 
■ ^ fnc-swiiles of the writing of the clerks in the 
uthces of the large express companies, and were 
^eleoted sdely they were the most charac- 
teristic in the lot, and not because they are any bet- 
ter or worse than the remainder. They fairly repre- 
sent the entire number. 

New Business Practice Apparatus. 

Business educators everywhere will be interested 
to know that there is another Richmond in the Busi- 
ness-Practice field, with a brand new apparatus and 
method in which the performances and duties of the 
practical bookkeeper are shown by doing business 
from the start. Word comes to us that a patent on 
such an apparatus has just been issued to Mr. War- 
len H. Sadler of the B. & S. Business Col- 
lege, Baltimore, for many years one of the best 
known business educators in America. The name 
of Mr. H. M. Rowe. also an experienced business 
educator, late head of the Curry Institute, Pitts- 
burgh, IS .also associated with the invention in the 
brief circular we have received. Of the details of 
the invention we have no particulars, beyond the 
statement that the entire affiair is of the utmost 
simplicity and totally unlike anything that has been 
Mtl' ^r'''!'^ ™».v be looked for in these columns 
thitRrn ?! .?,'*■ We have known for some time 


'hu^nrtL-^lL'rl^'^''-^ ^"' '" '° thousands'-of 








'c!/enmaA!d (i:pfit> h/catnalP 

School and Phrsonal 


ilN Friday evening, Dec. 21, the Peirce 
7 C.illeKe of Bus., Pbiladelphia, held its 
q1 craduating exercises in the 
rican Academy of Mosif. The 
<lar« of the evening were Hon. 
B Reed and that witty Frerch- 
Max O'Rcll. We retmn thanks 
r. Peirce for tickets and beauti- 
engravtd invitation. 
_ <1 Milkman. Pawtucket, B. I , 
ha» recently opened a b,isine>s college at Taunton, Mass 
^d l« to open others at Woonsocket, It I., and Worcester, 
Mass, E. N. Henninger, late of the Metrm.o itan B. C . 
SiouxClty. la., is the right hand man at Taunton. Ihe 
student, of Mr. Milkman's Pawtucket school presented 
bim with a silver water pitcher lately. „ „ „ „ , 

— H F Crumb, until recently of Cnton's B.C., Buffalo, 
N.Y., has purchased an in Wood's f-.C-, i^™"- 
ton Pa I'his school has lately strengthened itself mate- 
rially bv adding J. C. Bowser, late of Erie, la., B. U., 
and C. M. Cook, Conneaut, O., to the faculty. 

_ 1) McLacblnn, Chatham, Ont., has added another 
school' to his llst-the Columbia Coll. of Com, Grand 
Rapids, Mich A. D. Skeels, for many years at the 
Chatham BC.,and a fine all around penman, assumes 
charge of the Grand Rapids school. 

— The many friends of E. W. Bloser of the Zanenan 
Art Coll., Columbus, O., will be pleased to Icam that he 
hjs entirely recovered from a very severe siege of typhoid 

— C Rutherford, sole agent and teacher tor New York 
and Brooklyn of Gregg's shorthand, has moved his school 
at 10(1 East Twenty third street, New \ork. 

— A new inventor in the ficlil has made his appearance 
at Lockport, N. Y. His name is Wm. Edison Mackenzie, 
and he arrived Dec. l:), IH.H, at the home of Mr. and Mrs 
W A. Mackenzie. Mr. Mackenzie is assistant teacher of 
shorthand in the Com'l \>e\A. of the Lockport Union 

— Free classes in phonography for the public schools 
of Brooklyn, similar to those now being held in New York 
City, have lately been organized by Isaac Pitman & bons 
at the Burrell Metropjlitan School of Shorthand, 591 
Lafayette avenue, Brooklyn. 

— I'rosperity has fallen to the lot of SuUiva 
ton's B. (;., Atlanta, Oa., judging by the 1 
names of students and patrons in their lastluxv 
ten up catalogue. This contains, among olhei 
flnosani|>lesof penwork. There are two pennic 
with the institution. J. J Sullivan, associate proprietor, 
nnd.l. H.Smith. E. C. C'richton is associate proprietor 
and principal of the shorthand dept. 

— We are under diligations to Bro. Childs for invitation 
and tickels to th.> tenth anniversary reception Class of '9S 
of Iho Childs li. C., held at the City Hall, Springfield, 
Mass., evening of Jan. 10 The Philharmonic Orchestra 
was the )irincipal attraction. 

— The TriCity IV C, Davenport, la, has been pur- 
chased hy F. J. Tolland, who has been booming the Wiscon- 
sin B II LaC'roi-sP, for several years. He will conduct 
both schools. He bus won the good will and support of 
the people of La Orosse, and we expect to hear the same 
story from Davenport soon. 

— We have been favored with tickets to a public address 
totheMctro|jnlitan Nor. ArtScbool l^f^ P''^°;,j;^"K'j°;; S- 

1 & Crich- 
rge list of 
riously got- 
cuts, some 
a connected 

Thompson. 'The subject, " Why should teachers lei 
draw.'' Mr. Thompson is making a s 


J York 1 

1 his 

-KM. Kenney has purchased the interest of his part- 
ner Mr. Leadbeater, in the Woodstock, Ont. B. C and 
is now sole proprietor. S. T. Willis of Carleton Place 
Ont., has been added to the faculty of this school and will 
have charge of the shorthand department. 

— Two new teacher's have recently been added to the 
faculty of the Atlanta, Gi., B. U. The Secy, of theschool, 
R J Maclean has patterned the course of study after 
that of the Rochester, N. Y., B. U , of which school he is 
a graduate He has a good model and is doing good work. 
An elocution recital by Prof. Shepherd and class recently 
drew a large audieuce and was a success in every way. 

— Brown's Bus. Colleges, located at Jacksonville, 
Bloomington, Galesburg, Decatur, Ottawa and Peoria 
III have fastened themselves securely to prosperity; at 
least they are ■' chained " to it. Bro. Brown knows what 
business men want, and thot is what he is teaching in his 
various schools. Although having so many institutions, 
he impresses on each his inilividuality, and this of itself is 
enough to make them succeed. 

— The Muscatine, la.. B. C. is enjoying a successful year 
and they evidently know how to advertise, judging from 
the splendid writeup in the annual review of the dally 
News Tribune of that city. 

— F. E. Cook, manager of the Fresno, Cal., B. C, was 
recently admitted to the bar after a very thorough exam- 
ination by the Supreme Court of California. 

— Jno. K. Beck, prin. of the Dayton, Ohio, C. C.,j~ 
ports a successful school. Mr. Beck :" 
pioneer business college r 

the Saturday normal classes 

work in the 'Jersey City imblic schools. 

— W. n. MorlHnd. for several years at Leavenworth, 
Kan., has purchased the Clark B. C, Youngstowu, U., and 
changed^the name to the Youngstowu B, C. 

— The Washington, Pa , B. C , W. J. Musser, propri- 
etor, had a most delightful time at a recent nut-crack and 
social, to which we acknowledge receipt of an invitation. 

— Lewis Muzzy, Worcester, Mass., accountant and au- 
ditor, makes a specialty of high-grade instruction in ac- 
counting, both personally and by mail. He has instructed 
some very prominent jieople in his time. 

— We have recently received, through the kindness of 
H, W. Jennings, Prin. Jennings B. C . Nashville, Tenn., 
/cio simi/cs of the largest anil smallest checks ever issued. 
The former is for *i«.119:i,2")0, and was issued, in pounds 
sterling, however, nt Kiuiberly, Africa, on the Cape of 
Good Hone Bank. The smallest is for 1 cent on the Amer- 
ican National Bank, Nashville, Tenn. 

— J. Howard Baldwin is conducting the Home B. C, 
Bennington. O.. for instruction by mail. 

— Recent callers at our office were; S. S. Packard. 
New York; A. C. Swenson, Waterbury. Conn.; N. H. 
Prouty, Athol, Mass.. B. C. ; Clareuce A. Pitman, nephew 
of Sir Isaac Pitman. New Y'ork ; H. B. Lehman. Sadler's 
B. C, Baltimore; J. P. Byrne and E J. Malany, Erie, Pa., 
B. I'.; H. C. Shattuck, Medina, N. Y. 

— Woodworth s Shorthand & Com'l Coll., Denver, Colo., 
is adding to and strengthening its com'l dept. They will 
make this work more prominent in the future. 

— F. L. Dyke, formerly of the Spencerian B. C, Cleve- 
land, O., has, in counectiou with a partner, opened a 
private school in that city. 

— We ai-e in receipt of an invitation from proprietor 
A. C. Jennings to the twenty ninth annual meeting of the 
Alnmnat Association of the Iowa B. C. at Dcs Moines, la., 
which was held recently. An excellent programme was 
lendered and an address made by Hon. W. M. McFarland, 
Secy, of State 

We acknowledge 
nd a handsomely 
incipal and W. C. 

of the oldest 
He commenced his 
^».^. .;ith Julius DyrenfurtU of Chicago, in 18.')7. A copy 
of the new catalogue of this school has been received and 
contains numerous cuts and some strong home indorse- 

— C H Waller, late in charge of penmanship dep't of 
Eaton. Burnett & Durline's B. C, Washington, D. C, has 
opened Waller's Select Writing Academy in the Lenox 
Building in that city. Some well extcuted engraved flour- 
irhes have baen received from him. 

— The Class of '94, Drjke Bus. CjU., Jersey City, held 
its exercises on the evening of December 20 Eighteen 
young people grndaated from the commercial 
seventeen from the amanuensis coursi 
the receipt of a ticket of admission 

g-inted invitation. W. E Drake is 
amsdell penman of this school. 

—The original of the portrait presented herewith, R. M. 
Jones, the well known penman of Pittsburgh. Pa., is a 
self made man, but he does not spend his sp.ire time show- 
ing people how proud he 
■ of the job. He doesn't 
ive any spare time auy- 
ay, as be says he works 
about twenty hours each 
ly." His first penman- 
ship venture was at the 
age of 19, under Mr. Gas- 
kell, at Manchester, N. 
H , in 18S0. Next he tried 
his hand in a cotton fac- 
tory in that town. From 
that beginning he has 
worked his way up till he 
has a trade that keeps him 
very busy. He is happily 
married and is a member 
of many secret societies. 
He gives some little attention to accounting and typewrit- 
ing, and aims to be an ''all-round" man. 

— Business College jollifications seem to be the rule re- 
cently. The Richmond, ind.. Bus. Coll, not to be behind, 
held Its annual social on the evening of January IS. Music, 
recitations and a well acted farce were followed by re- 
freshments. Principal Fulghum is proud of his flourisbiag 

— Will J. Wheeler, tor some time at the Kansas City. 
Mo., B- U., has receatly assumei the management of the 
Springfield, Mo., B. C. 

— The Oklibomi Com'l Cdl., OTilihoma City, with E. 
H. Robins as presidlnt and Geo. b' Beuz as pi incipal, is a 
new arrival. Bro Ribius will still conduct his Wichua, 
Ean., school. 

— Eugeue Rucker, formwly principil of Wild?r Farm 
College and Business Inslitule, Wilder, Minn., is hard at 
work in tlie position to which he was re.'eutly flecti'd— that 
of Clerk of the District Court of Jackson County, Minn, 

— W. H. Dryden, late of Auburn, Calif-, Nor. Coll.. 
has returned to Wilder, Minn., and become associated with 
F. F. Joubert in the management of the Breck School. 

— A fire in the oflioe and supply room of the Omaha, 
Neb., B. C. destroyed all books and supplies and caused 
Pres't F. F. Roose f 3,500 worth of damage; insurance, 

— From Williams & Ro-ers, R Chester and Chicogo. we 
have received a handsouely engraved New Year's card. 

— Boru to Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Staley, Salem, Ore , on 
Dec. 23. a daughter— Lucile. 

— The Marinette, Wis., B. C, has changed owners, Miss 
Perkins of that city being the new proprietor. Our friend 
and former student, G. S Mason, will remain at the helm 
as principal. 

— The Practical Text Book Co., Cleveland, Ohio, sent 
out a very tasty Christmas greeting. 

— We have received a very nicely printed programme of 
a musical and elocutionary recital given by Misses Nellie 
Ross and M. Belle Davis, at the Du Bois, Pa., B C. Prin. 
Woolfington sent out a very neat Christmas greeting. 

— The twenty-ninth anniyersary social of the Spalding 
C. C, Kansas City, Mo , drew a large audience to listen to a 
fine musical and literary programme. Hon. Webster Davis, 
Mayor, and Hon. R L Y'eager, Prest. Board of Education, 
were among the speakers. 

A souvenir received from the Metropolitan B. C, 

Dallas, i'ex , is from the pan of F. F. Wildish. 

— E. S Stafford will open the Kittanning, Pa , Coml. 
Uni. on Feb. 15. Miss A. S. Wbltmyre is secretory of the 
new school. 

— Having been born in the same county in Vermont as 
the editor of The Journal, Mr. L. L. Tucker, penman of 
the New Jersey Bus. Coll., Newark, N. J., thinks may 
have had something to do with inclining him to a love tor 
beautiful penmanship. When he left the farin (were all 
penmen farmers <) to attend a neighboring boarding school, 
his father told him to find some good penman and take 
lessons from him, otherwise the father would feel asliamed 
to take his son's letters from the post office. At Mr. 
Tucker's solicitation a young student organized a class to 
work on whole arm capitals and museum freak birds. Ihe 

paper bill was so large 
that his father almost 
repented hayiug made 
the suggestion. In an- 
swer to letters from 
home asking how he 
was getting along he al- 
ways answered, " Flour- 
ishing I " Ho did his 
tiist teaching that win- 
ter, and some circulars 
from the editor of The 
Journal, then conduct- 
ing a business college in 
Syracuse, N. Y., falling 
into his hands gave him 
the idea of becoming a 
penman. In 1875 Mr. 
Tucker took a course in the Troy B. C, Jno. R. Cai-nell, 
prin., and A. J. Taylor, penman. After graduating ho 
conductef the commercial dep't. of Troy Conference 
Academy, and while there saw a copy of the first issue of 
The Journal, immediately subscribed, and has not 
missed a number since. He says : " I count The Journal 
my chief source of inspiration and my able assistant among 
my pupils." Mr. Tucker is an all-round penman, a fine 
teacher, and has the respect and contidence of all who 
know him. 

Movements of the Teachers. 

I. W. Saunders is the president ot the Arkadelphia, Ark.. 

B. C, succeeding G. F. Clarke. Amos W. Smith, late of 

Warren, Pa-, is now connected with the Coll. of Com., 

Buffalo, N. Y. Reynolds & Brown have purchased the 

Coll: of Com., St. Catharines, Ont. J. C. Olson is the 

new penman at the Chamberlain Bus. Acad., Lincoln, Neb. 

The Aurora. 111., B. C. has strengthened its faculty by 

the addition of W. S. Haynes, formerly of Afton, la., N. C. 

The Hartford, Conn., B. C. has infused a little VVestern 

blood into the faculty by adding J. P. Krogh, who taught 

Isst year at the W. N. C, Shenandoah, la, O. D. Wescott 

is now taking a medical course in Chicago William N. 

Smith has charge ot the Com'l Dept. of Willis, Tex., Col- 
lege. L. M. Holmes has recently purchased the Port- 
land, Ind., B. C. The Southern Normal School, Bowling 

Green, Ky.. has secured the services ot W. W. Merrlman, 

late ot Nashville, Tenn. Charles L. Dry has charge ot 

the Pen. and Com'l Depts. of the Union Christian i.'ollege, 

Merom, Ind. A. V. Leech has succeeded H. M. Rowo at 

Ourry Univ., Pittsburgh, Pa— Frank W. Martin, a 
bright young man, has been added to the faculty of Gray's 

B. C, Portland, Me. W. I. Magee is itinerating through 

Texas. Miss Mamie Mosier, a student of the Sterling, 

111., B. C, has been elected teacher of shorthand and type 

writing in the Oitumwa, la., B. C. Mr. M. W. Tobey, 

lately a teicher in the -Sterling. III., B. C-, has accepted a 

position in a hank in that city. M. M. Link, alter _a so- 

louru in Chicago, is once more counected with the Sioux 

City, la.. Nor. Coll. and Bus. Inst. R.J- Bennett, lately 

connected with the Ottawa, Ont., B C is now doing art 

work in .San ia,i, Cal W. W. Fry, is now prm. of 

the pen aud shoriliand dept's of the Atlanta, Ga., B. C. 

G K rane has resigned as prin. ot the pen. dep't of Ab 
inedon. III., Coll. to take a course at the Cedar Bipids, lo.. 

B C. The Eiver City B C, Portsmouth, O . has added 

D. T. Walker, formerly of the Walertown, S. D., C. C, to 
its faculty. F. F. Price, late a pupil of the Dixon Nor- 
mal, is now teaching in the Bradford, Pa,, B. C. J. H. 

Drake is prin. of the com'l dep't of Avalon, Mo., Coll. 

Wm Priogle, formerly penman ot the Sf. John's, N. B., 
B C is now engaged in school work in Port Arthur, Ont. 
ssociated with J. T. Thompson in the 
He went from the Bradford, Pa., 

Jos. Leming is now e 
Hazelton, Pa., B. C. 
B. C. 


On December 85, 1S94, at Plymouth. N. Y., Mr. Grant D. 
Anthony and Miss Mary Victorene Cushman were naarried. 
Mr. Anthony is the principal ot Martin's Business College, 
Brockton, Mass. 

The Odessa, Mo , Moon devotes a column of space to the 
account ot the wedding of Mr. G. W. Moothart and 
Miss Blanche Grosshart, which occurred, at Odessa, Mo., 
December 27, 1894, Mr. Moothart is president of the River 
City Business College, Portsmouth, Ohio. 

In the president's parlors of the Western Normal College, 
Lincoln Neb., on Monday evening, December 24, 1894, Mr. 
H E Rose and Miss Margaret Spencer were united in 
marriage. Both are students ot the college. Last year 




Mr. Elose was priacipal of tbe commercial and shorthand 
departments of the Olariuda, Iowa, Educational Institute. 

At Omaha, Neb,, on January 19, Mr. R. H. Peck, pen- 
man of the Western Normal College, Sbeoandoah, Iowa, 
was married to Miss Ethel Fluramer of Craier, Neb. 

Mr. E. W. (rold, principal of tbe Emporia, Kan., Busi- 
ness College, was married to Miss Sallie C. Higbee, of that 
city, on December 25, 1894. 

A neatly written card from the pen of Brother Buzick 
himself invited us to be present at the marriage of Mr. F. 
M. Bu2ick to Miss Susie E. Seese, at Oskaloosa, Iowa, 
Tuesday, December 25, 1894. Mr. Buzick is the penman in 
tbe Oskaloosa Busmess College. 

The Journal's old s.hoe, accompanied by a shower of 
rice and good wi&bes. follows our young friends as they 
start on Jile's journey together, 

Nvw t'ntalogues. School Journals^ etc. 

Neat, well printed and well arranged catalogues have 
been received from the following schools : Kansas City, 
Mo, B. U. ; Poucher B. C, Ionia, Mich.; Beaver, Pa., 
Coll.; Sweet's Coll. of Com.. Sharon, Pa.; Capital B. C, 
Salem, Ore. 

Attractive college journals were received from the fol- 
lowing schools ; Armstrong's B. C. Portland, Ore. ; Uni- 
versity of Notre Dame, Ind. ; Louisville, Ky., B. & S. B. 
C ; Los Angeles. Cal., B. C. ; Cle£iry Coll., Ypsilanti, 
Mich. ; Chaffee's Phonographic Inst., Oswego, N. Y. ; State 
Nor. School, Emporia, Kan ; Oklahoma City, Ok., Com'l 
Coll. ; Columbian B. C, Evansville, Ind. ; Spencerian B. 
C, Owensboro, Ky. ; Teazewell, Tenn., Coll.; Shenandoah 
N. C, Reliance, Va. ; El Dorado, Mo., Nor. & B. C. ; Au- 
burn, N. Y.. B. C. 

Vol. I, No. 1, of the Southern Penman, "published in 
the interests of penmanship, practical education and Wal- 
den's Texas Business College," has been received. L. R. 
Walden is editor. This is the paper started several years 
ago, but which was denied admission to the mails at that 
time, as second class matter. We wish the new paper 


On January 18, Thomas Kinsley, father of W. J. Kinsley 
of The Journal, died at his home in Lincoln. Neb., aged 
60 years. He was a native of Manchester, England, of 
Irish pareuts. Like most of bis race he posse.'-sed to a 
marked degree the keen wit, intense patriotism, love of lib- 
erty and hatred of tyranny that distmgruish the Irish peo- 
ple. His loyalty to his adopted country caused him to vol- 
unteer his services during tbe late war, and when sent home 
from tbe navy as incurably sick, the same loyalty caused 
him to smuggle through the physical examination again 
and enlist in the army. 

He was a devoted, home-loviug husband, an idolizing 
father for whom no sacrifice was too great for those he 
loved. Those left behind take up the burden of life again— 
a burden made heavier by his death, yet they continue the 
journey with renewed strength and courage, buoyed up by 
the good example of his life and the memory of bis many 
kind acts and words. 

We have just learned of the death of tbe bright four 
year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. MacCormac of 
Omaha, Neb., which occurred January 15. Mr. MacCor- 
mac is a teacher in the Omaha B. C. We extend our 
sympathy to the stricken parents. 

It has just come to our notice that on January 29, E. W. 
Smith, the founder and proprietor of the Commercial Col- 
lege of Kentucky University, Lexington, Ky., died at his 
home in that city. 



VEN with the best of system a meritori- 
ous specimen will occasionally escape 
tbe eagle eye of the man who looks 
after this column. There are many 
departments in the business of which 
The Journal is a part, and often- 
times a finely written letter is received 
that has to pass through the hands of 
several clerks before reaching the 
apbook editor's desk. Sometimes such a letter may 
be filed by mistake before reaching the Scrapbook. We 
aim to mention every good specimen received. If we fail, 
please call our attention to the matter. 

— In the line of vertical writing, the most representa- 
tive specimens receivedcame from A. F. Newlands, Kings- 
ton, Ont.; C. P. Zaner, Columbus, O., and F. W. Wiese- 
faahn, St. Louis. Tbe styles of these three artists are as 
widely different as one could imagine. With the work of 
Messrs. Newlands and Zaner our readers are more or less 

familiar, and to let some of our younger penmen see what 
that old warhorse Wiesehahncao do weshowed a sample of 
his vertical writing in the Dec. issue. Years and years ago 
Mr. "W. iigured very prominently in the profession and 
penmanship papers but has dropped out of sight lately. 

— Some magnificent, dashy writing by that master pen- 
man, A. P. Root, Philadelphia, shows that he still retains 
his seat on the front row. 

— J. AV. Hazlett, Mulberry, Ind., sends some graceful 
and dashy business and artistic writing, 

— From J. M. Schillig. Canton, O., comes card, busi- 
ness and professional writing — all good. His work is accu- 
rate and pleasing. 

— G. aiilkmau, of Pawtucket, R. I., should be able to 
"cut a dash" and carve out bis fortune. He sends some 
artistic examples of knife work, and photograph of a large 
frame of tbe same kind of work which was exhibited in 
London and received the commendation of the Prince of 

— F. B. Stem, Laola. Kan., sends samples of business 
and policy writing used by him in the insurance business. 
He writes an excellent business hand. 

— F. S. Heath, Concord, N. H., has the old vigorous 
swing in his writing, as was evidenced in a recent 
greetmg received from him. 

— A photograph of a well executed set of resolutions 
comes from D. L. Stoddard, Indianapolis. 

— G. W. Harman, Classical and Com'l Inst., New Orleans, 
pends a variety of penwork— plain and ornamental writing, 
flourishing, etc., and all excellent. Bro. H. is an all-round 
penman of no mean ability. 

— C. W. Jones, the card writer, of Brocton, Mass., is 
represented by several beautifully written letters and a 
bunch of graceful, dashy cards, fle is doing a good busi- 
ness and satisfying his patrons. 

— We know of no one who has made so much improve- 
ment in the past twelve months as F. B. Moore of the In- 
dianapolis, Ind.. B. U. Some delicate yet vigorous writing 
in the form of letters, signatui-es and capitals has led us to 
believe this. 

— Frank Button of tbe Jasper, Fla., Nor. Inst, is equally 
at home in plain or oniameutal writing or flourishing. 
Some samples of his work recently received are fine. 

— J. W. Lampman of the Omaha, Neb., C. C, drops 
some exceedingly graceful and accurate signatures on our 

— H. B. Fleming of Humeston, la., sends a specimen of 
his automatic penwork that is well done. 

— \V. W. Fry of tbe Atlanta, Ga., B. C. bas a swing 
that adds a charm to his work. He sends signatures and 
a flourish. 

— W. C. Bostwick, New Sharon, Conn., sends a dozen 
different styles of script — something that shows his versa- 

— A Christmas and New Year's Greeting to The Jour- 
nal's editors, from E. L. Wiley, Chattanooga, Tenn., is 
a fine bit of artistic writing. 

— Good business and artistic letter writers are on the in- 
crease and we receive almost a deluge of tbem each month. 
From A. McMichael, Lexington, Ky., we have five, written, 

and well written too, in as many different styles. One 

from S. E. Bartow, Albany, N. Y., in a te mi -professional 
style, is beautifully written. — A. D. Skeels, Chatham, Ont., 
writes one in his usual artistic style. H. D. Allison, Dub- 


ing that will not need to have a particle of change in it 
when it is turned loose in the counting room. Bro. Thorn- 
burgh must possess some magic wand in order to produce 
such uniformity in the writing of an entire class. 

— G. H. Gymer, studentof the Hutchinsou, Kan., B. C, 
is a good business writer. 

— About 100 full pages of the regular class work of the 
students of L. M. Kelcbner, Highland Park Nor. Coll., 
Des Moines, la., prove that Bro. Kelchner practices on his 
own students what he preached to others through his ex- 
cellent series of lessons in The Journal during the past 
year. He has sensible ideas about business writing and 
carries them out in a sensible manner. All of the students 
represented by these specimens, with few exceptions, have 
been under Mr. Kelchner's instruction but six weeks and 
had never us^d a free movement before. At least fifteen 
out of the hundred are able to turn out business writing 
equal to that of many professionals. The college, students 
and Mr. Kelchner are to be congratulated on being able to 
send out such magnificent business writing. 

— L. J. Egelston sends from tbe Ferry B. C, Rutland, 
Vt., a package of excellent business writing of bis students. 
It shows good movement and good teaching. Among tbe 
best writers are Amy Marsh, Marie Slason, J. E. Leany, 
Marie Wheeler, G S. Perry. J. E. Parker, E. C. Jaquith, 
Alice Russell, Mr. Griffitts. 

— W. E. Gibson, penman Ayedelotte's B. C, Oakland, 
Cal., hpd us select, from among a large number, the two 
specimens of students' writing showing tbe greatest im- 
provement made in two months. All were excellent 
writers, but in our opinion the greatest improvement was 
made by D. G. Jacoby ; the second best was W. H. Hol- 
land. Messrs. Hughes, Mott and Koenig are splendid 
business writers. 

— J. W. Wells, prin. of tbe West Grove School, Virden, 
111., a student of J. P. Byrne's, of Erie, Pa., submits some 
flrstclass writing. 


lin, N. H., is master of a strong style that looks well in a 

letter. C. M. Lesher, Lebanon, Pa., puts a few words 

in a strong, bold, accurate style on a sheet of paper in a 
way that produces a pleasing effect. Other well written 
letters come from F. J. Fielding, Keokuk, la. ; H. W. Bern- 
theizel, Brickerville, Pa. ; F. H. Vail, Auburn, Cal.; J. F. 

Siple, Cincinnati. H. C. Ditmer, Potsdam, Ohio ; H. B. 

Slater, Fort Smith, Ark. ; W. H. Hensey. Columbus, Ohio ; 
H. G. Reaser, Connersville, Ind.; L. J. Egelston, Rutland, 
Vt.; A. R. Little, Romeo, Mich.; A. A. Clark, Cleveland, 
Ohio; E. E. French, Nashville, Tenn. ; J. H. Smith, Atlanta, 
Ga. ; C. G. Prince, Buffalo, N. Y. ; S. S. Purdy, Des Moines, 
la. ; R. G. Laird, Poughkeepsie, N. Y ; J. O. Brunet, Reau- 
harnois, Canada; C. C. French, Bloomer, Wis.; R. O. 
Waldron, McKwsport, Pa.; A. R. Merrill, Saco. Me.; 
S. N. Falder, AVeatherford, Tex.; J. B. Mack, Nashua, N. 
H.; Harry L. Bartlett, Calais, Me, Miss Ida E. Shatzla, 
Saratoga, Cal.; B. Marnii, Columbus. Ga. ; E. F. Timber- 
man, Decorab, la. ; G. G. Wagner, Zaneriau Coll. ; J. H. 
Schoonover, Denison. la. ; J. W. Washington, Salem, 
Mass. ; J. W Hooke, Muncie, Ind. ; W. D. Chapman, Cone- 
wango, N. Y. ; Jno. M. Harkins, Calhoun, Ga. 

Cards in the regular professional band come from J. A. 
Wemple, Gifford, N. Y., and T. J. Risinger, Utica, N. Y. 
P. T. Benton, Green Bay, Wis., sends some beauti- 
fully written ladies' cards, and J. L. Hayward, a Zaner 

boy, sends some in various styles, all elegantly written, • 

I. N. luskeep. Los Angeles, Cal., sends some dashy ones. 

R. M. Jones, Pittsburg, Pa., a large pack iu all styles. 

Other well written cards were received from: Miss 

Kate Seaman. Big Rapids, Mich., J C. Webb, Pittsburg, 
Pa., J. E. Smith, Winfield, Kan., Miss Ella E. Calkins, 
Lacell, la., August Fischer, Philadelphia. 
StudentB* Speeimtna. 

— From L. M. Thornhurgh, Spencerian B. C, Evansville, 
Ind., we have received a large package containing 100 
sheets of fools'-ap paper, showing specimens of writing of 
as many different students. The work is all done with a 
coarse pen and is purely business writing. It shows a large 
variety of movement exercises in the unique style made 
so prominent by Mr. Thomburgh, capitals and body writ- 
ing. The students writing these samples submitted have 
been under the instruction of Mr. Thornburgh from one to 
five months only, and the work shows remarkable results 
for so short a time. What is still more remarkable is the 
uniform eicelleuce— at first glance the work resembling 
that of one writer. It is the every-day schoolroom drill 
and was not written "for exhibition only." It is pure 
business writing from the word "go," movement andl 
speed showing in every line of it. This- is the style of writ- 

— Miss Maud Thom, Rome. N. Y., age sixteen, sends 
some practice work on Mr. Briley's modifled Old English 
text that is very creditable. 

— Miss Nell Davis, Galloway Coll., Searcy, Ark., a 
pupil of G. A. Hinchee, won a year's subscription to The 
Journal as a prize for writing the best page in her class. 
It was a close contest. By the way, the prize was a very 
sensible one. 

— W. M. Engel, Reading, Pa., age seventeen, turns'out 
some writing that is excellent— better than could be ex- 
pected from one of his years. 

— C. S. Richmond, prin. of Richmond's B. C, Savan- 
nah, Ga , is proud of the improvement in writing- made by 
his students. Several samples shown us indicate good 


Wordd of PraiBe on All Siden. 
Itro. Brown rhinhs lit' Are On the Riifht T^tnck-, 

To THE Editor of The Journal. 

i have recently received from your office two announce- 
ments that please and interest me very muob. One i^ the 
announcement that you propose publishing in your paper 
duringthenext year numerous samples of " Writing a» it 
is actually done in business " This is an important move- 
ment if carried out liberally, without bias and with the 
single end in view of showing in a general way bow writ- 
ing is done in business by a large number of persons who 
are fairly representative of good business writers as the 
businpss world regards them. If this be thoroughly done, 
lam satisfied it will administer something of a quietus to 
the crankism of muscular movement run to seed so much 
heard of these days. 

Theother point is the announcement of a new publica- 
tion, The Business Journal, to be commenced In Janu- 
ary. This, in my judgment, is a very impoi-tant move if 
y»umakeitas representative of the field it proposes to 
represent as the Art Journal is and has been of its 
field, and it will, I am sure, deserve and secure success 
from tbe start 

Wishing you success in your enterprises, and offering the 
compliments of the season, I am very truly yours, 
G W. Brown, 

Dec. 24, 1894. Jacksonville, III., Business College. 





[CootributlODS for this DepRrttnent mai- be 
»diire«8ed to H. P. Kelley, oHIce of The Pen- 
man's Art JotTRNAL. Brief educational items 
■olid ted. 1 


The income of Oxford University is t3.«),- 

The Normal College of New York City con- 
tains 2,300 students. 

The salaries are 65.4 per cent, of total ex- 
pense of schools. 

North Atlantic States have Ihe largest pro 
portion of female teachers— TSjl.W to IS.S.'i.'J, 
r nearly four to one. 

There is a school in New York to teach little 
Syrians the English langaui^e. 

The South Central is the only division of the 
United .States with more male than female 
teachers— 28,520 to 20,9.';7. 

A Dip into Statistics.— Over 50,000,000 
people spealj Freocb, not couuUug those who 
think they .'peak it, but don't.— Boston Tran- 

The London School Board has engaged ten 
dentists at a salary of J750, whose duty it is 
to examine the teeth of the different school 
children of London. 

Sweden has but fiiur-tenths of one per cent 
.f ilhtei-acy, while England has nine per cent 
and France nine and one-half per cent. 

The educational budget of Spain last year 
.ras 15,500.000; of Italy, $8,000,000 • of France 
»35,000,000; of Great Britain, *35.000,000 : of 
Germany, *40,000,(j00. 

The United States now spends S;lTO,000,OOOa 
year on its schools, not including over ?I0- 
000,(100 annually spent in its colleges and uni- 


A Kentucky teacherresigned because all the 
boys earned revolvers. It was unnecessary to 
teach the young idea of that town how to 
ihoot.— Jouj-nai of Education. 

Uncle : " Well, Robbie, how did you stand 
at school last terra ?" 

Robbie : " Sometimes with my face in the 
corner and sometimesup at the teacher's desk." 
— Lxcnange. 

Teacher • " I gave you three examplos in 
arithmetic, and you have not done one of 

J'upil : " No; my father told 
tbuu bad examples." 

Tr r,r'"'?tr •' . " '^°"' ^oald you describe Henry 
VUI of England I" 

ShidetH : •• 1 would describe him as a pro- 
fessional widower."— Warijcr's Hazar. 
" Tommy," said the teacher on the first day 
.? m ■? • " """^you forgotten all you know !" 
»ell, replied Tommy, doubtfully. "I 
don't exactly know all I've forgotten." 

Ma," said a discouraged urchin, " I ain't 

IE to school any mure." 

Why, dear f " tenderly inquired his mother. 
1 ,?'"*1,""°''^ "° "™ I <^aa'' never learn 
to »pell The teacher keeps changin' the words 
I'ery day." 

" Well, Elizabeth you are at the head of 

°'.' w, '* to-day. Sow did you manage it ? " 

_^ Why, the teacher asked Mary Small how 

many are 5 and 7 and she said 13. He said 

hat was too many ; then he asked Josephine 

ilttle and she said 11 and that wasn't enough, 

|0 I thought I'd try 12 and I guessed it right." 

T^dcAer • "Sammy, in the sentence ' I have 

u'liK, VI bat is the case of the pronoun ' I ) '" 

9'"""'U (promptly); •■ Nominative case." 

tooT.lfr-' "NMtboy, tell me in what case 

w> put tpe noun • book ' " 

p,.',,"'' *pi/ (thoughtfully): " 

'^<l''>Mgh Curoniae-Teleyraph. 

t>,d°, ''"e'ifh schoolmaster said to his boys 
that he would give a crown 1,0 any one of them 
would propound a riddle he could not 

Business Colleslie 


•Largest- Oldest-- Best- 


•Business Shorthand English- 

MostLuxuriously Furnished School ^America 



Business Hrfns Supplied with Help 


Send for Catalogue L. 

^'%^%'%- ■%^%'%/%/%.* "%/%. ■%^/^^-^ 



t Advertise? 

1 1 like 

iv S*""'' ^*"^ one of them, "why 
the Pnnce of Wales f" 
nnm.!."l^-'*®^ puzzled his brains for somt- 
cinwf '■ «» aus^^^"-. l>ut could uot guess the 
coriectone. At last he exclaimed : 
„^?'"^m-el don't know.-' 

in„ f •\' ' ''"l''>Pd ilie boy, " because I am wait 
log for the crown." 

' liow easy It fa ( 

^yby it. After you'v 

thousana dollars you'v 

toliise money by it. j 

[■lit ttiousands, knows the beat me- 
im.s. can write good ada. and can 
•f ailviee on many points? A very 

yimr advertising, paid to us for 
!p will (linil)le the drawing power of 
=■ average ad- Copy for newspapers, 
oklets, cataloEues, etc., prepared. 
3 wTlte all kinds of ads., but school 

I, for particulars, ' 

W. J. Kinsley, Manager, 

I Broadway, - - New York. 

Williams & Rogers 
Rochester - Business - University 

s acknowledged to be t 
ol for commercial t 
t the school are fllltng responsH 

departments throufihoi... ._ 
the demand for graduates t 

Circulars and Informatk 

Kpllcltly their wishes. Addn 

Rochester Business University, 

Rochester. N.Y. 

■■■a ■ 1 




Srqmpt answer and an honest opinion, write to 
IlINN A: CO., whf. have had nearly fifty years* 
experience in the patent business. Communica- 
tions strictly confldenllal. A Ilnndbook of In- 
lormalion concerning Patents and how to ob- 
Also a catalogue of mechan* 

tius are broiiglit widely belore the pubUcwlth- 
nt cost to the inventor. Tliis splendid paper, 
isued weehly, etecam ly lllustruted. has by far the 


tea, in colors, and plmtogruphs of new 
rith plans, enabiine builders to show the 



Price ..',c. aiij j-cent stamp t„r po.tase. 
I. WITTKK * CO., So3 Broadway. Xen York. 

MUNN & CO.. Ne 


HEFFLEV'S Populai 

mention this Jo' 


regular book form. Please 

•end for a sample copu of The Shorthand f. 

4 Q7tiC<:iMfttJUL& 

: 100 HOURS 


the time required to complete a course in plain 


feet of floorage, and < 

the foremost school of practical writing In the world— 5,000 
'"""'*"'■"*' "'" ""■ — Ilea In the method of Instruct 

py-book methods. Muscle tra 

:he writer. 

iplete and decisive departu 
r Is the paramount feature, vvbl< 


e made by teaehlng this system In the evenlnes. We ijive fxitl an 
"p. organising awl U-nvhtHQ classi-s. Hundreds are making from 
rtfJnter. To complete this course at your own home you will need : 



5>i X « inchea, fully Uluslrated and subs'tantlaTly bound lu'clo'th.'p'rTce 50 
' Bixler's Exercise, Book, I* consisting of 

60 pages, size # 

pages, ! 



nite w jt 12 Inches, .„ 

pie copy mailed free 

The price of all the above I; 

send the three publications 

s Inchea. Price 35 c 
of Diamonds,' 

physical training 

Blicler's' popi'ilar system of pbysruai'traYnfng In wrltlng.To" pages, 
Inches, fluely prlnted^ou tlrst-class book paper, price liA " " 

p Inspectloi 
s you will see, but 
r one for only 50 t 

monthly' educational i)aper, de- 


unclng that he 

, Steel, 

nly Copy-lines, Flourished Signaturi 

I lor School Euterta 

nnd Pr 

plc - -_. 

that he Is a maker of Polite Stationery ; 

ns CarilH. WeddiuR Stationery, Invil 

meuts, Corre^pouilence Stnlionery l^tampeil in Colors, 

lers also solicited for all kinds of high-grade Commercial Prlntlnir, Lithographing, Cheeks. Drafts, 
38 Cards, Note and BUI Headings, Diplomas, Account Books, etc. For samples and prices address as 
above to either 



Bus In 

Will Teach You 


Book-keeping, Shorthand, Penmanship, 


Easy Way of Averaging Accounts, 

Short Cuts, Business Pointers, 

Amusing Arithmetic, 

Lightning Calculations, 

How to Detect Counterfeit Money, 


HANDSOME BINDING, Postpaid, $1.00. 

THE BOOK-KEEPER PUB. CO., Detroit, Mich. 

For Window Signs^ Price Cards, Notices, Pnek- 
afres. Bulletin iVork, etc., has no equal. Uses 
liiiirl ink, pocket size, made entirely of metal and 

ickel, will not wear out. 


1 Fountain Markinp- Pen complete. 


k tightiv corke.l 
>u if^e it. Inlt 
frosii, cletin 
i tiuid. Noevap- 
liun. No drops 
!u llie pen. 
nky Fiiigpr.s. 



1 liU'ge sheet contiiining: plain and f rtnc.v alpha- 
bets with instructions " ' ' "' ^ "" 
ly 2.'> cents. 

t case for 

Biff money in this for ftffents. ns evi , 
chant, express, real estate offices, etc.. want 
or moi-e. Just the thing to become an e.vpert 
marker with. Ask for terms when orderinjr. 
Sizes 3-16 to 6-ie width strolic. 

10 Siindusky St., Alleuhcnj-, Pa. 

point of tlic Vf"- 

, If bottle tips over 
Inlc Cannot Spill. 

Saves it co.^t o\er and 
over. JIade of tiie best 
soft rubber with glass 
. funnel ; will last for 
year.s. Ill four sizes to 
JitaiiyiiikwelK Sample 
jby mail, 23 cents. With 
handsome ink well, 
) cents. Agents wanted. 

J. .1. wiL,so:v, 

369 Broadway, New York. 



Wonderful Machine 
Writing Shorthand 

strain of eyes, band or body, 
ite. easv and reliable. Send for 
32 page Circular. Machines reuted on trial. 


rice Reduced to S'2i. 3-lf St. 1.ouIm, nio. 


Work uniform, ; 




1, Shorthftnd. Peoinaoshlp. 
,t/,ry- ImJlvKlmil IriHinirll^n. 6U-> Pt-J- 
iinually. Open all veiir WrIU- Tor full 
illon. F J. Ht.Zh.pTva. 

. Kiw ftii'l "learn hrat. Wrll«- for 


apr.Iln. Ind. Entlorwd hr SUt*- Su[>i'rlnt*ndent of 
I'lihirc- In>.tructlon. U'niS\nK <-<lii<-nt<>rD and bURl- 
nctimncn CalalciK)i'- Tn-f. E. E. ADMIKE. Pres. 



Afftilemy. Shorthand, Typewriting ami Teleifraph 
Inhtltn(«?. Senfl for c-atulogue. San Anl«Dlo. 



Book-keeping, Shorthand, Typewriting, Teleg- 
raphy, fingliah Branches, Modem Languages, etc., at 
lowest tatej, Oatalogoe free. Telephone 1174. 

J. F, SPALDDia, A. M., President. 

IHasbville, Tlcnn. 


LBGU anil School of Penmaiieblp, shorthand. 
Typowr ting. TeleKraphy. etc. Students received 
from all parts of ibo world. Send for IZU-page 



ittlSu'^S'""', •''„>lt'"'tt'iina and Telegraphy, 
Atlanta, Oa. Leading college South. Kour pen- 
men. Catalogue free. 



nAND AND Ti-PEWRITINO. Stamtord^ Conn. 
1j'"'Sl."'"¥ "L Bookleceplng. Banking, f'enmon- 
fi. ."•n^""''"'"?! Typewriting, Telegraphy, Eng- 
lish, Oennan and Aitjhitocture. Terms of tnltlon 
reasonable. Send for catalogue. M.A.MERRILL 


.iful Mucatlonnl Inatltutli 

8'op*-'. Special Peuniansblp Dep 

ot C. E. \tTEBBER. H. B. \«^ORCeSTER, Pres. 


olseo. For 30 yeura the Inrgest iirlvate Bchool west 
h *';'"''''K"- 12,000 fomier (juplls now prosperous 



NK,ss COLLEGE- Open throughout the year. Stu- 
1 "V" -nV'^'i-'""'*''' "* ""y *''"*^- Catalogue free. 

J To;, i-. II. »JJ/ri;, i'/im ■,..!( o/i;.e 


iMEiD-A-r. And xjiploivia. 

A.i.lrcss %». K. N.qiXH, l.<.xiuclon. Ity. 

% n ^ 



[nansblp, Bustnc^ and 
-oi me leading proirresslveschi " 
- .N. FEKKls.Tjlg RapMs, Jllcb 

meat iDtcflfnia. 


\\liw.llng. w. Va. J. M. FR,\SHER. Prln. and 

tar- THE VSE OF CUTS on Ihia page or any 
departure from the perioral atyte ofdtsptav — '" 
COJI W per cent, exiro. 



commercial tea..-h.-r«. and for expert accountants. 
F, M. CROOriLL. Miniuer, Clutiibus. Ohio. 

: before at t^PdlDK i 

lette. Full 

well known inxtitutiOD can oe 

dressing J. T. HENDERSON, PrlD, 

., eipeeilng Cw enter a business 

. .'ait^PdlDK any school, a care- 

hould be niade of the above col- 

lid and 


■Rew IfforN. 


8le. N.Y. Au IriBtltutlon of wide reputation, re- 
cel%'lnB a Satlunal patronage. 

ents from " thr Oreaier New York." These well- 
known schools, under one nianaKetiient, hut each 
having a separate faculty, are designed to afford 
the best practical training for mercantile pursuits. 
The Rchools aUo supply business men with satls- 
fftpltory asslHtauts. and secure positions for com- 
Dftent aludentn. Tcrnis moderate. No vacations 
rataloguefree. CARKINtiTON GAINES. President. 
mi South Sth St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. Catalogues 
free r.n application, personally or byletter. HE^RY 
r. WRIGHT, Principal. 

1Rbo&e irslan^. 


(■ National BankBuflding , Pawtucket, Rhode 
The handsomest, best equipped and most 
ral Hufiliiess College In the State. Course of 
* ; Bookkeeping, Banking, Commerce. Math- 
's. English, Penmanship, '"' "— ""■ * 

hand and Typei 

ndence solicited. 

Eaton. Bnrn.eit & Unrll 

1 doz. cards, 22c.; 3 do; 
ilgnatures, 25c, Resolu 
:o tlO. Ten writing lessons by 

Resolutions engrossed for from J2.^ 


thousands. LEARN TO WRITE YOtlR 
NAME. Send nie vour name, written In full, and 
2r> cents, and I will send you one dozen or more 
ways of writing It, with Instructions : or send me a 
2-cent stamp, and I will send you, addressed In my 
own hand, price-list descriptive of lessons by mall, 
extended movements, tracing exercises, capitals, 

need apply. 
W. S. HISER. Sup'i 

Artistic letter 
(10) CHrds. sciEN- 
letter, analysis and 
Recipe for Standard Duplicator 

d Ink, II. Samples of printing FREE 
C. R. RUNNBLLS, 9630 Bell Avenue. Station P, 

Chicago. An elegant C. E. Pledge, 14 x 18 Inches 
zinc etching from penwork, 10c, 12 cards, any 
name, 20c. My record In 8 years 100,000 cards. 

Terms,'one-hali' In advance. Address A 
D. TAYLOR. B6 N. Clark St.. Chicago. J-f 

R. M. JONES, Pen Artist, i8iJ Mary St.. S. S. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One doz. assorted cards, 25 cts. ; 
unique specimens of pen work, 25 cts.; resolutions, 
etc.. engrossed. 

^ j9 C JO SS^ 



MERCIAL COLLEGE. Masonic Temple, Denver, 
Colo. Combined Course. Practical Shorthand 
Office. W. A. WOODWORTH, President. W. A. 
McPHERSON, B.A., Manager, 12-y 



SCHOOL OF SHORTH.tVND. Wisconsin's leading 
commercial training school. Issues catalogue free 
of charge. J. N. UcCDNN, Pres.. Green Bay, Wis. 




and Literary Institute, New Orleans, La. 

IRortb Carolina. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL., Charlotte. N. C. 


FREE. For three < 

of ret I 

;-cent stamps to pay 4 

, , ised, 1 will mall .„ 
any reader of the Art Joitinal a specimen of my 
most accurate- Automatic Pen Lettering, my own 
^^^page circular and Sample sheet of Automatic 
Inks and Oruaments used with the automatic 
. B. CUSHMAN, Auto, Shading Pen Artist 
I Writer, 20 Pleasant Place. Chicago, lU. 
iy you saw my advertisement In the Art 

: with 1 do«. cards. 30 c 

Martin's College, Brockton, Mass. 

15 cards, 35c.; Bird Flourish, 25c.; Capitals 

w__,._.^ „.._ ■■(lue holder, lac ; ;; 

:fc Copies, Sl.li6; 10 Sam- 

, 27c. 

Business Capitals, 20c. 
neas Copies, 75c. ; :tO 
ple.s card writing, 12c. All previous aids, void 

P. B. S. PETERS, Storm Lake, Iowa. Send two 

fear's subscript 
sh ; Ink Recipe . _ _ 

Cards ; total value 91,00. 13 lessons in plain 

Flourish : Ink Recipe : Method Ruling 
value 91,00. 13 lessons in plain pen- 
hlp. $1.30. Lessons in Shorthand bv maA In 
exchange for books or anything of value. Send 
stamp for particulars or penmanship circular. 

ARTISTIC PENWORK.-EnsrosBlns of Resolu- 

tlous, Testimonials, etc., a specialty. Every de- 
scription of ornamental pen work to order. Reso- 
lutions engrossed from 93.60 upwards. Corre- 
spondence solicited. A. E. DEWHUHST, Utlca. 


•r, Bvi 

I Of Writing, 

3 Baetlett's Bcs. Col.. 
Cincinnati. O, 
W. WASHINGTON, Artist, Penman and In- 

(Prlnclpal.The Washington Correspond- 

for y 

Ichool I . Bo 

I quick and ( 


; addition made t 


. . .. M Ink, 40 

practice, 50 cts. ; Washlug- 


Favorite Penholder, 1:. ,_ 

with name and flourished ___, , 

cards, with name, tlluniluateU with gold Ink, 40 

ton's Popular Writing" Lessoni 

(12* lessons, one lesson per «reek, »o.«ir. 

ment guaranteed. From Prof. O. B. 

Prln. Saltonstall School, Salem. "I consider your 
penmanship remarkably fine." 

, OILMAN, Penman. Redington. Nebraska. A 

fine sample of my ornamental penmanship, and 
one dozen written cards for 25 cts. All penwork 
B specialty. 1-1 yr 

■ mall, twelvt 

r week, 93. 00 . Improve 

' ~ STC ~ 

T SQUARE WANTED.-I want to buy a second- 
hand Day Shading and Spacing T Siiuare. State 
length of blade, price, how long in us*' and condt- 

"Mant" a&s. 

In aiinwering advert ixtmentjutifjiieii by a noiH-de- 
plum<, delays and mUntake* are avimlM dj/ .it-trKng 
and gtamping the reutKn readu for maiiinti no" 
writing the ntmi-de- plume in a c/inier, then incUnh 
ing stick sealed rculiw in on eniW(n>e addressed to 
"Die t'entnajCs Art Jrmmal, toi Uri*ad\vay, A'«i> 
YnrH. Postage must he sent /or foruxirding Coto- ' 
logues, Neu'»iXiper», PhoUiijraphs, dec. 

Situations *Caante6. 

■*-■■ ing, arithmetic and common English branches 
for four years in private, business and normal schools. 

of the leiullii 

plication. "NORMAL AND 1 
i's .\RT JotmNAi.. 

penmanship and commercial 


well-knownj coUegt.-, ....— ^o — .>- — - -j- ■- 

good school, salary not being au object. " PEN WORK, 

thorough t 

Penman's Art Joursa: 
XPEKIENCED and thoroughly equipped 

teacher of penmanship and the complete com- 
■rclal course, also Engfish branches, wishes to 
inge. Familiar with the leading commercial sys- 
118. Good health : single : references upon appli- 


■■- enced teacher of n^nmanshln. commercial 
brandies and the 

application. ''^BUSINESS AND PENMANSHIP," 
Penmans' Art Jodrsal. 
r AM A C3RADIJATE of the commercial. 
■■ normal and penmanship departments of a well 
known college and have had experience teaching the 

1 college and have had experience t 
les Included in these courses" '~'--" 
luxlerate salary. "MODERATE," 


PENMANSHIP is my specialty, although 1 < 
nealar. In hnnktreenlnir . Am a ifraduate of I 


bookkeeping. Am a graduate of 1 

■' ges, with 18 months' teach _„ 
iith. Good references. " MOD- 

AN ALL-AROUND penman and commercial 
teacher, pupil of Zaner, Madarasz and Palmer. 

lass business college, pref- 
rably in the South. FamJHar with leading r - 

vlshea a position 
'jly in the Sot 
clal systems. 



Ueacbers ManteO. 


^ ftlKNT.-Aler 
commercial centers 
a rapid and experlei 


opportunity and r 

f present aliorlliii 


UTANTED —A strictly flrst-clasa, live, energetic, 
** Intelligent and ambitious teacher of Munsou s 
shorthand, who also understands thoroughly the 
teacblngof typewriting. Those not willing to work 
hard need not apply. References necessary. State 
where taught ana bow long taught, and where you 
received your training In shorthand. HUNTSINOER'S 
BUSINESS COLLEGE, Hartford. Conn. 2-t 

Bureau, St. Louis, leth j 

:fl5usiness ©pportuntties. 

pOR ! 


■ engraving ; thousands of t 

' the finest cities in low 

B for selling. Will 

rbefore April 1. Terms c 
ress " IOWA," care Penman's art Joitrnai- 1-t 

>00 AMERICAN DOLLARS and a promissory 

college located 1 

11 cash If preferred) buys t 

making a living 

'TEXAS B. C." care Penman's Ari 
OOR SAl-E.-A well esfal.llshp 

closing stamp. 

arc Penman's art Journal. 
tcrest Id a well-establlsheri 
I'lty of nearly ISO.UOOInhab- 

-■Ing popularity. S^i.OOO for half 

^OR SALE.— Business College, splendid reputa- 

tion. Courses 

' positions." Located I 

Is " Students have no difficulty I 

I in Illinois. School 

floors. Fine busl 

flees, best of furniture, and more than 40 large, heavy 

books for office use. Eight typewriting n 
chines In good order. Proprietor expects to cngs 
In editorial work, hence wlu sell very cheap. If y 

bargain, correspond with " EDITOR," ( 

Penman's Art Journal. 






The Copies are Uniform with Corresponding 
Numbers of the 



TICAL EDITION, Six Numbers isize 7i x 91, - - $1.00 

ING EDITION, Six Numbers (size 7* x 9), - - $1.00 
Sample Sets of either Edition by mail, postpaid, on receipt of 50 cts. 


Respecting the Examination and Introduction of these Books 
and your needs in the Text-Boolt line. 

The Werner Company, Publishers, 

5 & 7 East Sixteenth St., New Vorl<. 


»»•♦•♦•♦• ♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦• ♦>♦>♦>♦» ♦>♦«♦»♦« »•♦»♦»♦«■ 


Our Hcwsd'cfr pin IS (/If /iM;i/f.v/ {•v,iii\\un )t\t mv 
have made ffyr years. Th- ml. <■,, ih, }>,,- .[m m- 
NAL iofr.i 7>ar(7y d7*y bc/"i' ./ "- *'■ :<,'!■ r h>r iin.y- 
pins had t/t he placrd uilh ilf iii^inuixit Iaih i . 
miwwe arc ready for \jini miLtin. 

A Beautiful Stick Pin. 

HE JOUHNAL has had specially manu- 
factured from its own design a very 
neat stick pin, to offer as a premium 
to subscribers. It is made in solid 
silver, also in solid gold, and is so 
chaste and artistic that it is equally 
appropriate for young and old, lady 
and gentleman. It may be worn in 
the scarf, on the coat, vest or dress> 
and is suitable to nil conditions and 
for all occasions. The cut given heie 
with is about actual size We selected 
the pen as being the most suitabk tm 
blem for penmen, teacheiN book- 
keepei-s, stenoaraphei-s, clerks and all 
who have to use the pen, and we hn\e niiidt usi 
of the quill pen because it gives opportunit\ t i 
the most artistic handlingr. It will be a sm t c f 

jtass word for its 

and will 

introduce him to the wide-sprcad brothi i 
and sisterhood who handle the pen AA ( 
that every subscriber will becopie a wen 
the pin. 
The silver pin htiii the qnill of solid sto 

silver, and the ■■ 

Kniat except the 
iiwr, gold plated. 


will enter 
*?(M, aiut send soli; 

For two dollars we wiU send two copies of The 
Journal (to different addresses, if desired), 
for one year, and the solid gold pin. Or we 
will send The Journal for two years and the 
8ohd gold pf- 

Or. for th( 
manent list for two.. ,„.... ... .,...^„^^^,^ 

gold pin as premium* for a remittance of SI 
ihe other dollar to be remitted at end of first 
year. Present subscribers mav have their sub- 
scriptions extended and thus avail themselves of 
this offer at once. A jeweler would charge at 
least Sl.W for the gold pin. 

Works of Instruction in Penmanship. 

This useful book is what its name implies. For 
the Guide will be sent full 
The_^regular premii 

($1). Cloth 26 cts. extra 

able slips progressively arranged and 
i^rnient for practice. Full instructions ae 
I»any the Slips, and the whole is inclosed 
neat envelope. This work also has had a 
large sale independently of its use as pren 
at 50 cents a set. The ^* Copyslips " ivill be 
as prem for one sub. (SD. 

Mae: (24 

Pro£reNM(24.v28):Grant Momorial {2-.^: 
Garfield iMetnnrlal (Ifi x 24) : Grant j 
l^liicolii Enlney (24x30); Marrlasfe < 

iiflcate(]s x22): Family Record (18 x ™.. 

Choice of the above beautiful and elaborate pen 

designs (lithographed) sent 

9 in-e 


11)^ |^onk>|^l ()iiPisl)GS.M 

1,^11 ulii 


I uinBft ) 

. |3:^.¥:,- 

Microscopic f(i:r-.S(m I//- of Title Page. Size of 
book. 8H .\ 111^. I'nr.. heavy manilla binding. 
81; cloth, \v nil -..|,i .i;,ui|., §1.50. 

Nopeniii;ui-iii|, [Mini, iition ever printed has 
hadamurr . iiiiiNvi;i-iu reception than Ames* 
Book of Flulhishes. It gives 125 beautiful 
designs, delicately printed on superfine papei^ 
most of them masterpieces, by 72 of the world's 
leading penmen. No such collection could be 
outside this book for $10. We will 
*^ '■ ' manilla binding as premium 
■:s extra (41.10). For two 
of the pre- 

send the book 

for one sub. and 10 

subs. ($2) we will send it and 

We "■ 

sub. and 50 cents 

Sjiectat Clubbing Reductions. 

In order to give every earnest and ambitious 
student a chance to be a regular Journal 
reader in his own right, not a sponger on the 
bounty of others, we make a very liberal re- 
duction for clubs, as follows : 

^^ The 

^ The . ^^ (? 



" But yet the pity of It, lago ! O, lago ! The pity 
of it. " — And the shame. 

ll'/iat do you think of the story of a busi- 
ness 7nan s quest for a competent amanue^isis, 
told in detail in the Jamtary Business Jour- 
nal? Shameful? Outrageous? Points a 
good moral ? Should have been suppressed ? 
That's according to how one looks at S2ich 
things. All these views and many more have 
been taken by correspondents. By the way, 
you want to sec the February Business /our- 

nal for the views of teachers and 67/siness 
men /fyou are professionally interested, 
you want to submit your own ideas. 


The price of The Business Jodhnal is 81 a year. 10 cents for a single number. There will be no ex- 
changes, no free list, no reduction for clubs and no premiums, except that a special combination price of $1.50 
a year will be made for our two papers, subscriptions to run concurrently. If you are already a subscriber for 
The Penman's Art Journal, for Instance, with six months to run. we should enter your sub. for Tbe Business 
Journal for nine mouths (three less than a year) and extend your P. A. J. sub. three months, so that the two 
subs, would expire at the same time. 

Those who are subscribers for The Penman's Art Journal may have the new paper by paying the differ- 
ence. If you are on our Permanent or Professional List, this would be only 50 cents extra. If you are a club 
subscriber, the proper amount would be the difference between what you paid and $1..50, Mtilcss you wish to be 
entered on our Permanent List, with the uuderstandrng that your renewal for the two papers will he sent at 
SI. 50. In that case— and only In that case— 50 cents extra will suffice. 

Wepromlsedanedltlouof 5,000 copies of The Business Journal to start with. The actual edition was 

Ames & Rollinson Co., 202 Broadway, New York. 

To Club SubscHhers. 

If you have been a club subscriber for the 

East year and think that The Journal would 
e worth a dollar to you the coming year, we 
shall be pleased to have your renewal on that 
basis. If you can't atford that sum, your sub- 
scription may be sent through our nearest 
agent at the clubbiuK rate. 

If there is no agent convenient, write us at 
once, stating tbe fact and inclosing 60 cents 
for your renewal. We mean to have an act- 
ive, capable agent not only in every school 
but in every community. If there is one of 
this kind near you, you must know it ; if not, 
there should be, and it may be your oppor- 
tunity to get the paper foryourself and friends 
at the reduced clubbing rate. 

This offer is an experiment with us, the pur- 
pose being to establish new agencies, and 
should be taken advantage of at once. 

In no case do we authorize or will we coun- 
tenance interference with a present capable 


20J Itrondwny. N. Y. 

$25 to $50 BE^ 

(ientlenieu, naiDf or Mllint 
••Old Reliable PUter." Onir 
pricilc.l way lo rtp\M rtulf mu<i 





Adopted EXCLUSIVELY by the PubUc Day Schools of 

CLEMENT C. GAINES, H.A., Pres. Eastman Bos. Coll. and N. Y. Bus. Coll.. 
eays in Ins latest prospfctiis nf the lattf-r institution : — 

"Wcr«-iti 1 1.1 i 1 1 1 I ifiji In M .1 . 1 r I I • Ti 1..H.' which Is fully abreast of the time. 

an'lnoiilnlii iM < : i i ii i i. . nihodyliiK lu a text-boulc. Thislsthe 

orlKlnoU)-' ii I ■ n.ll to lake Into cousWeratlon. PII- 

nron'n wrk- t in'\axallofourgtudfnlsfiavebffnfX' 

iriiliiiniillu ' ' ' ' h'.i.-i . , //,. (.,/,,, I:., in. !/,< / ,,.. filmananstemdecidedprffereni^e." 

Spoclmen Pages Sent Postpaid. 

TAKE LESSONS nt the I»iuic rilman Metropolitan School of shorthand and Typew-rltluit. 95 Fifth 
Ave,, Cor. 17thSt,. N. Y. Thorough liiittrucllon. Circulars, 



Awarded the Medal and Diploma at the World's Fair. 

Only a few years before the public, it Is now useti by thousands of Ste 

nographers and adopted into 400 of the Leading Schools and Colleges 

Most Popular, because it is the SIMPLEST, most LEGIBLE and RAPID. 


VovYcls follow consonants in the 
Sentences written by it with less 
Speed for practical work with h 
Superseding all others wherevei 
rularsFREE. Mail instruction. Te) 

li order as in longhand. 

I hour's study. 

clis' study. 

ally investigated. Trial lesson and cir 

ent responsible schools for examinatioai 

WRITE H. 31. PERXIN, Author, Detroit, Mich, 

A Rev olu tio nary Departure in Typewriters. 


[ Shorthand Schools ! 

I Shorthand Teachers I 

[ Business Colleges ! 

I Every Student owns his own Typewriter at 
J end of tuition period. 

• Irrespective of Price— Tbe Best -Trial Proves It. 


• A bleh grade standard machine of the firs'- class. Tbe 
•best and most complete stanflard wrUlng machliii 
V n>ade. Positively the best and the oniv peiT 

• folder made. Auti.matic tabulator and ml 


single sheet. Color can b 
:>tandard Keyboard. 




■ Rood quality found In ofhe 
machines, and has many points of superiority 


Works and General umt;es. 2;id an<l Anh Streets, 
Philadetphia. Pa. 


' The Best— Trial Proves It. 

LARS of our iilan and Specimen Color Work. " 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand Manual 

(Columbian Revision I6th Edition.) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
—the Live Writers — are coming to it. 


Prtee of the lOthodltioi., revised to date. it.50. Proper discouuts to Scliools and Booksellers 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

.».V,.i 'i,"„riv/« ,,T,nt uiV^ir^ ™ iVo?'?* "T fell known inanutaeturer's 
G .™i. .. II 1? i»l-/'Vi « ; ,.i '^ ^. . * -'"J^K **" "''' tonntalt" peu In part p, 
Kemll to II. K. I"K< K, Ho, m\. v. nslunsiou. D. o. Second Notional Bank, refete 

EVEKY oburthnnd lenclier, writer autl «elinnl nrnnrl.^tn.' »iii k-. a . T"! 

«•. Kiiirr HUH Mtnnni proprletol will be intereiited in il 

Hln arltelrlu THE BI^INE!^!^ JOI KN AI. for Jnnuar) . Send lO els. for copT. 



Legibility ^^ tfie Acquirement of Speed in Stenography. 


A work of Rveai VHlue to sienoicrRphera and typewriter operatofn. A sure Qvute to 
leoibUity and speed in ahortluind. and a revelation of the poaalbUities of the typetcHter. For the wrlier of 
any system based on the Pitman alphabet. 

The text was produced on a No. 2 Remington typewriter and then photo-lithographed In the highest 
style of the art. The only book ever produced entirely on the typewriter. 

Tiventu-ntne pages of beautiful shorthand, oonstsfin^/ of an' original contribution from every official 
stenographfr in both Houses of Conoress—thirte^n in, all— and other stenographers of national reimtation, 
3 of three of the leading court stenographers In the country, accompanied by a 
' specially prepared for this work, and are written In the shorthand of their 

SAMUEL C. DUNHAM, - Box 313, Washington, D. C. 

The No. 




Many Notable Improvements 
successfully incorporated into this 
new model, retaining the essential 
features of simplicity and durability 
for which the Remington is famous. 






Brass E^^^ Office I^ules 


Over 1000 orders from Business Colleges alone, and many orders 
repeated five or six times. 

Special Kule Envelopes for convenience in mailing furnished at exact cost. 





GOLD MEDAL. Paris exposition, 1889, 




B larg* 

strictly profcsslo: 

variety of pens for all sorts of busl- 
' wiitlnK. whkl) have had a world 
fifty yearSj we make ihi 

,vhkh h: 
i.j j<ra.,, we ma 
I pens, of whlcb 

Nos. 290, 291 and 650 (Crow Quill), at the rate of three 

Nu. lOOoahemost doUcate pen made yslxceuts each. 
The cost of these pens Ik such that FREE t^XM.- 


HENRY HOE, Sole Aoe-NT, 91 Jobn Street, New York 


To become a (rood penman and successful 
teacher? Then you should have a copy each of 
'■ 2U Common Sense Lessons in Business and Ar- 
tistic Writing and Rapid Lett^fintf." and " Parks' 
Comprehensive and Practical Course in Text 
Lettering:." They are the best published on the 
subjects. Highly recommended by the Pen- 
man's Art Journal, The Western Penman, Busi- 
nesn Educator, Kelchuer, Webb. Zailer, Harman, 
Giesseraan, &c., ire. NEARLY ALL GONE. 
Price 50 cents each, or both for 80 cents, includ- 
ing recipe to make all colors of "shading ink," 

DlxoD, Dh 

Prill. Coll. Of Pen Art. N. 111. N 


Away, New Voik . 

Consulting Accountant. 

w. J. 

'ZO'2 Br< 

Advice in ojiening and closinjr of books, 
partnership settlements, etc. Criticism on 
couises of study and helps lor business and 
normal schools. Business practice work a 


that you have enough 
spare time to become a 
Designer, Newspape 

aiogue, beautifully 
trated by students all 
over the world, will tell 
you all about It. Send 
for stamp. Also. we carry 
150 stock cuts for col- 
leges, proofs of which 
will De mailed on appli 


Designers and Engrav 
15th and Farnam Sts., Omaha, or 
Lincoln, Neb. 

M ake M Q^ey- 

By learnluK how to write with a Knife. Send 
50e. and I will send you lessons, so that vou will be 
able to write beautiful cards with a knl/e or make 
beautiful designs. You can earn troiii Si to 

let D. 'T At 
and let m 
beautiful a 

etheJudKe. liiiilRlorH 

)w you bow little you k 
^ sample sent for 10c. In s 


Principal Pawtucket Busln. 
Pawtucket, R. I. 

. S. and Europp, who have 

" The King of the Knife." 

^ U J Have you tiled my new 

^ee nerel "Agists-" or Diamond 
(ihiss Ink? If you have 
not, then you don't know what you have mlBSed. I 
will sell you six nood sized bottles for SI- 


65 North Clark Street, - CHICAaO. ILL. 

All eyes are on Atlanta ! The coming Atlanta Exposition (Sept. 1st to Dec. 3l8t, 
189.5) will be one of the greatest events oE the nineteenth century. Bnsinesa is 
already itnprovini; rapidly, and at present we are unable to snpply the demand for 
bookkeepers, stenographers and office assistants. Young people should enter this 
college at once and prepare themselves to meet the increased demand. 

Atlanta has the finest climate in America, and to-day she is the commercial 
capital of the South 

The principals of our departments are Northern men, and yonng people from the 
North are made welcome. Our patronage extends from Toronto, Ont., to Bartow, 
Fla. Special attention is given to mathematics. English, penmanship, expert book- 
keeping and stenography and the preparation of commercial teachers. The banking 
and office departments are practical and complete. Benn Pitman system of short- 
hand is taught. 

Write tor Catnlojruc and Further information and reter to Thr Penman's Art JornNAL. 


References : Judge Dorsey and The Merchants' Bank, this city. 


By Xj. ^j1, ICHlXjCKlsrHlK,, 

Is the best systematically graded, most comprehonsi 
the subiect. The work is photo-engraved f rotn dpm 1 

lor students' and teachei-s' use where a plain. , . 

The work contains 43 plates of copies- 9 lines to the plate, s 
" ' ' plate can be brought to the top for convenience. 

£acher or student can aflford to be without a cop 
lailed for 75 cents. Address all ordei-s to 
P. S.— The book of insti-uction is just in preparation. Des Moines, Iowa. 

I present below a few of the many testimonials I have received regarding the work : 

We do not hesitate to say that you have succeeded In getllng out by far the best photo-engraved work 
on business penmanship yet published. It should have a large sale. Za\grian Authobs. 

Your Compendium Is one of the best works on Penmanship I have ever seen. M, J. Caton. 

I want to say that It Is the most comprehensive writing Compendium that I have ever seen, and am glad 
to see such a book on the market. j. F. BRiLEr 

I have In my possession copies of all the leading lessons 
fore, published by other authors. I would not exchange yours 
far acquainted. Your Compendium Is the only one published 

for a 

! thrt 

ivltb whlchla 

at It claims to be — 
L. H. Jackson. 


Can you afford to invest 25c. inavaluoNe help? 
Over 200 voluntary letters received from those 
who have tried them, rantring from the plain 
statement : " The Penman's Ring has been a 
great help to me," to the assertion ; " L wouldn't 
take Sl'i for my Ring and do without it." Can 
be changed to fit any hand and will last a life 

nd ^.l 


Quincy, ML 

DO YOU Want the Best 


On Earth ? If so send to the Pawtucket 
Business College, Pawtucket, R. I., Or. 
Milkman, Principal, for one dozen of 


I will also send you some pretty pen work. 
Stamps taken. 1" cents a dozen, 90 cents a gross. 
Send at once. If you don't like them you can 
have your money back. 


poor style when 
oUowIng : 

Western Penman, 1 

rlll bring you the 

Sent to different addresses If desired. One dollar geta 
themall. Qot"" • -•'- — ■■ -^ -- - 

THE JOURNAL now rencbcH more Piibl 

itber pnpei |iiibli«)hed. 




i^ -i^^ k 

-1 ^ ..■L^ -.1 ^.^1, 



J ^s 




ft YEAR. 


Address THE ZANERIAN ART COLLEGE CO., = . . . Columbus, Ohio. 






Rractical, Ropular and Rrogressive. 



Cdmpi.f.te Edition. 255 copies, with liook of 

Mailing price, Si. 00. 
ABRlnGP.D Edition, 108 copies, with Book of Instruclions. 

Mailing price, 50 cents. 
This is an original arrangement of copies, exercises and in- 
structions for writing classes and private learners. The copies are 
engraved reproductions of 


and arc prinled on ruled paper, which adds to the realistic appear- 
ance of the lines. The copies are enclosed in a handsome cloth 
case, with Book of Instructions. 

Sent, post-paid, to any address on receipt of price. 
Special rates to sc/iools. 


By \V. W. OsGOODBY, Court Reporter. 
Cloth, 120 pages. 
This is a complete manual of Pitman's Phonography, with 
all the important improvements of the past thirty years, conduct- 
ing the pupil from the simplest rudiments of the art to the 


style of writing. Six editions of the work have been issued, 
which attests its merits and popularity. The present, or sev- 
enth, edition is the author's final revision. The system has 
stood the test of the school room, the court room and the 
office, and is conceded to be not only the easiest to learn, but 
the most practicable, rapid and legible system published. 
Sent, post paid, to any address on receipt of $1.25, 
Send for specimen pages and testimonials. 

'the: books that teach. 

No. I. — Shorthand DiTLOMA. Fine cardboard, , 
16 X 22 inches. 1 

No. 2, — Commercial Diploma. Fine card 

board, 22 x 28 inches. 
No. 3. — General Diploma. Heavy bond pa- 
per, 16 X 22 inches. 
These are artistic engravings and have had a 
large sale. They are not cheap prints made from 
relief plates, but are first-class lithographs that 
any school may be proud to issue to its graduates. 
Send for illustrated diploma circular. 





Cloth, 140 pages. 

This is the most practical and popular commercial 
now in print. 

The book contains over 3,500 words that are 
and which are most 

The experience of hundreds of teachers has 

been that 



vestlgate and you will be co 



Cloth, 300 pages. 
This book not only treats in a thorough man- 
ner all of the subjects usually embraced in a work 
on arithmetic, but it contains many valuable 
things to be found in no other book. 

The examples are of the most sensible and busi- 
ness-like character. A new complete edition has 
just come from the press. 
Special price for introduction. Specimen pages 
free to school officers. 


Nearly all the words are defined, and the correct pronunciation 
is given of all words regarding which there could possibly be 
any question. It also contains rules for the use of capital let- 
ters, and a list of abbreviations. An entirely new feature is 
lessons with blank spaces for local, geographical and other 
words. Several test lessons for review have recently been 

Specimen pages sent free to teachers. 


Cloth, 260 pages. 

This is a revision of our other book entitled Commercial Law, 
which first appeared in 1887 and which has since become the 
leading law text-book for business colleges and commercial 


have been 50 combined with the common law that the book is 
adapted to all parts of the country. Most of the topics treated 
in the original work appear in this book, and, in addition, sev- 
eral new and important ones never before treated in a work of 
this kind. 

The book has had an 
requirements of the class 

sale and is fully i 
all parts of the cov 


ting the 

The above books i 



Specimen pages free to teachers. 

part of the list published by Williams & Rogers. Teachers who are interested in the commercial branches and who 
desire to use the best books should address 

Rochester, N. \. 

WILLIAHS & ROGERS, Publishers, 

Chicago, III. ^ 

The following publications are recognized by all progressive educators who have eva-nined the books as the best works now published for business schools and 
commercial departments. They are new, practical and popular. Thesj books have already been intro:luccd into a large number of the leading schools and college;,, 
and the demand for them is rapidly increasing. Teachers and principals of schools are invited to investigate the merits of these books with a view to their adoption. 
Spelling and Letter Writing:. 30th thousand ; | lable divisions, parts of speech, capitahzation, ' 

2C4 pages, 5 !^ by 8 inches ; cloth ; embossed 
cover ; fully illustrated with elegantly engraved 
cojiper plate script ; price, 

" It is the bcsi work of the kind we have ever used or ex- 
amined. The huok speaks for itself." 

TypewritinR Instructor and Stenograph, 
er's Handbook, for Remington, Caligrajih or 
Smith Premier machines ; full cloth ; 96 pages, 
7 '4 by 10 inches ; two colors ; handsomely em- 
Imssed cover ; ?i.oo. 

V inspiration every t' 

J the (eacbei 

work on the subi 
It gives the pupil 
typewriter, and great satisfacti 
too much it) its praise." 

Plain English, a practical text-book on the sub- 
ject of language, discarding useless matter of 
which the average "grammar" has so largely 
consisted. 224 pages, 6 by S inches ; handsomely 
bound in green cloth ; red edges ; embossed 
cover ; 90 cents. 
" No school can use Plain English as designed by the au- 
thor without its having a telling etTecl for good on the language 
of the students of that school.' 

spelling, iiS pages, $% by S inches ; 186 lessons 

of 20 words each and 40 Dictation Exercises ; 

full cloth ; handsomely embossed ; 35 cents. 

" It is a positive pleasure to examine a work with so many 

new features, and all of them as excellent as new. Altogether 

it is without doubt the best work of its kind before the Ameri- 

Everybrtdy's Dictionary, for erery-day use. 
Compiled from the latest edition of Webster's 
great International. Comprehensive enough and 
small enough for everylxnly's constant use. This 
dic^i^lnar^■ gives the spelling, pronunciation, syl- 

participles, and definitions of 33,000 word; 

H by 2% by sVz inches ; weight, 

price, indexed and bound in America 

embossed in gold, 50 cents ; cloth, not indexed, 

25 cents. 

" 1 hand you herewith an order and inclose draft for twenty 
Dictionaries. I sold these books in less than two hours' time. 
They seem to meet the demands of our business men and 
clerks. I hope to send another order soon," 

Practical Shorthand. This book, based on the 
Pitmanic alphabet, is the joint work of prominent 
reporters and teachers, and is eminently practical 
and complete. It contains 50 full pages of engraved 
shorthand and nearly 500 other engraved illus- 
trations. Handsomely hound in black cloth, em- 
bossed in gold ; 244 pages, 5)^ by 8 ; price, Si. 50. 
" I have in my library a copy of every text-book on Pitmanic 

Shorthand published in this country since 1850, includini 

of your Practical Shorthand j 

d. Ih 

ejccels t fie in 

Commercial Law. a systematically arranged and 
fully illustrated text-book on Business Law and 
Porms. Written by a leading lawyer, who in its 
preparation freely consulted successful teachers. 
\'aluable alike as a text-book or a book of refer- 
ence. Bound in full cloth, embossed cover ; 192 
pages. 5J^ xS; price, $1.25. 
" In your new Commercial Law book you have succeeded in 

compressing a veritable storehouse of practical legal lore. The 

illustrations which are so copiously interspersed throughout the I 

whole work are excellent," , 1,7 -» r 

I Wnte foi 

Progressive Bookkeeping, giving the theory of, specimen 

Bookkeeping by Single and Double Entr>'. with XHE PRACTICAL TEXT-BOOK COMPANY, 

eh-.m sets for pracUce. BeautifuUv illustrated with 

copper plate script, and pnnted in three colors. , ■•'o Superior Street, 

Contains 96 pages, 8 by 11. Bound in ful' cloth, 
handsomely embossed. Price, $1.25. 

Mercantile Practical Bookkeeping. Contains 
all that is in Progressive Bookkeeping and in ad- 
dition, sets, forms and instructions fully illustrat- 
ing methods and bookkeeping of the following 
branches of business : P'urniture, tirocery. Com- 
mission and Shipping, Dry Cioods, Drugs, Plard 
ware, Manufacturing and Lumber, both retail and 
wholesale. Also full exposition of the business of 
Partnerships, Corporations and Joint Stock Com- 
panies. F'ull cloth, 192 pages, 8 by ii ; three 
colors. Price, S2.00. 

Complete Practica' Bookkeeping, containing all 
that is in Mercantile Bookkeeping and, in addition 
the following : Methods and Forms of Department 
Stores, 39 pages devoted to Banking, Clearing 
Houses, Savings Banks, and an Appendix of 65 
pages, giving the fullest and most valuable collec- 
tion of forms and useful information ever published 
for bookkeepers and business men. Printed in 
three colors and handsomely bound ; 308 pages, 
8 by II. Price, §2. 50. 

" Your Practical Bookkeeping is the most practical book yet 
published on the subject, it contains much that has not yet 
appeared in any other work and it is presented in a *ery clear, 
logical way. It is destined to be a great success." 

BOOKKEEPINO BLANKS in four sets, arranged 
in space and ruling for use with the text-books. 




~ O H i O . 




The Goodyear Publishing Company, 


Xlhie Qoodyear (Qommercnal 3®^^^^- 


Bookkeeping Series. 

Single Kntrj Itookkeeplnit. 
Donhle Entry Itookkcpplne. 
Slnitle and Donhle Entry Book 

(Xchool nnd Collriri! EdlIlon«.) 

New Theorj of Accounts. 

Illlnli MrlinnI and Cnnmlt'tc 

IJiisiiiess Piiictice Series 

nii8lneȤ Fraclice, Retailing. 

BnalncBS Practice, Wholesaling. 

IntorCommiinlcation Business 

Actual Business In the School 

IlusincsB Training for Public 
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\ COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 
out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $1.50 

2 COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

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CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, $1.00 

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of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, nnder Mr. Munson's 
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Practical a**" Progressive Book-keeping. { 












By J. C. BRYANT, President ol Bryant & Stratton Business College. 

Author and publisher for 30 years past of Now Serial of Standard Hook-keep- 
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I • n WRITI> 

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3 plates, a sheet of illustra- 
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^ _ COLUMBtTS. O. 

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ing received. Tou have certainly done the subject 

k truly. 

18 s Onmpendium. 

Teacher of Peumansblp 

WoosTER, O., January 1, 1805. 
Prof. E. C. Mills. BushneU, IlL 
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Canal Dover. Ohio, Jan. 14, 1895. 

Enclosed please fled N. Y. draft in payment for 100 coplea of your book PHYSICAL THAININQ 
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d Ina 
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Enclosed find money order for 60 copies PHYSICAL TRAINING IN PENMANSHIP.' 
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are emphatically a ynovemeiit series, and their prime distinguishing feature is that 
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No. 4. 

25 —Since the lessons thus far are within the 
ahility of even the poorest writer with the cradest 
ideas, and every exercise so designed as to admit of 
a high rate of speed without serious injury to the 
form, I trust you have applied yourself faithfully 
and are in a condition to take up the additional les- 
son to advantage. 

2(J.— The capital t> belongs to the first greup of 
capitals. The letter in the combination is as easy 
as the letter singly. Avoid tendency to slant letter 
too much by making first part aetraight line : jump 
up on this line for loop and drop back again to base 
line. This will give the letter two places of rest on the 
base. If wel 1 located ahigh rate of speed may be made. 
You have already bad the letters in No. 14, tuerefore 


appear between the two parts of N, a slight pause at 
the base line will destroy the influence and remedy 
the defect. Just as soon as your N's and Jl/'s are in 
good shape join them to small letters in words as in 
lines 4 and 6. 

A careful, detailed study, such as should be given 
every form before practice, of large and small N, 

fair idea of what can be done at a rate of from eight to 
nine strokes per second by students after from four to 
six months' practice. The four months' students can go 
above nine per second, while the six months' students can 
reach a speed of eleven strokes with every figure perfectly 
legible. The following key gives the speed m5de on each 
figure : A. R., 184 ones and naughts per minute, 144 fours 
126 nines ; A. B. , 173 ones and naughts, 133 fours, 110 ni n es 


.Qm?9?70'>9^ C^'^^M^^^??^^^ 

and large and small U combination as per cuts 17 
and 18, will enable you to see how much of other 
letters they contain. 

llcilliiiiiiig ana Eiitling Sti-ohes. 

28. — The beginning and ending, as well as the 
proper union of lines, are of the utmost importance. 

E. M., 220 

F. E , 190 c 

naughts, 106 first 
aughts, 128 fours, 1 

, 128 second nine ; 




your practice of alternatiog capital letters with small 
letters will be found as interestiug as it is beneficial. 
The approach from C to u is such as to again force 
good up curves in h. while the long up curve is in fair 
position for all loop letters. Do not rush headlong 
from capital to small letters and cripple them, 

Guard well against tendency to widen space too 
much between down strokes, as such always weak- 
ens the letters in both union and spacing. If we 
wish to get the most out of future lessons, master 
these two exercises, together with capitals A' and U, 
and worde in Plate J2, February number, la these 

lu/y Ly/ u/^ f^ i^y - ['/ (/(?^^^^^^ 

neither should you go so slow as to deaden the effect. 
The same rate of speed should be maintained 
throughout. Keep your mind ahead of your pen. 
Forty Coo's or 50 C(i's in combination per minute will 
enable you to make slight pause at the top of C which 
may be necessary to secure an angular joining. 

you are laying bed rock in the structure of penman- 

Jteriew IIliils. 

20. — In reviewing previous lessons endeavor to 
increase your rate of speed on each capital, word 
and figure. Tests of from 10 to 80 minutes on each 

J. <>^<?-^-i-s^-:?^ '>^^W-it^2r7-z-^ t>^^-:?'-z.--tl--zr?'^ 6-^^--7T...^^^ 

The Sccoiirf Group o/ Cnjiilnln. 

27. — We now come to the second group of capitals 
which requires a change in muscular action. Make 
the necesfary preparation by returning to Plate 1, 
December number of The JouRXiL. Reverse move- 
ment by beginning on the left side of ovals and make 
up strokes first instead of down strokes. With this 
exception the same instruction applies as was given 
for direct ovals. Let your page work consist of 
Plates Nos. 1, 6 and 9. Stay right with these exer- 
cises until regularity and ease are the results. From 
these we go to line one. No. 1.5, and when ovals are 
uniform as to size, shape, spacing, etc., it would be 
well to review Plate 9 in connection with line two. 
No. 1.5; also enlarge exercise line three, Plate 11. 
If your practice up to this point has been well done, 
the ;\' and .V should be easy ; 60 A's per minute is 
fair speed until the letter is well set in the arm. If 
large loops, sufficient to endanger legibility, should 

will give you excellent results. If this speed prac- 
tice alternated with the exercises for forcing good 
union and spacing be kept up all through your 
course of training, your writing need never " go to 
pieces " when put to the test in the office and count- 
ing room. 

Criticism and Answer Column. 

Send all specimens and conjmunicatlons intemlecl f"r thte 
column to L. M. Thornburgh, cave of Spencerran Busmcss 
Collcsje, EvansviUe, Ind. 

H. A. H., St. Louis -Hold on, my boy. You can't get 
it that way. You must not handle a good thing m a bad 
way. A caterpillar can work himself over surface 
faster than you move. Time is too precious to be wasted 
in this manner. You are using finger movement with hana 
resting at the wrist. Get oil that cost and tight under- 
clothing. Look at your arm. Close your hand and movo 
out as though you were mad. 

B. B. H., Philadelphia, Pa What would you do for a 

boy' who doesn't practice the exercises? A. I certainly 
would have him do something for me and that something 
would be a page of compact ovals every day untd he 
reaches a grade of at least W. I would then have him to 
apply his arm movement in a time drill to the capitals O 
and C. From this on he must raise bis grade on every plate 
of exercises as they are outlined in The .Journal. 

Miss A. L. Q., Denver, Col.— Can the average pupil, the 
poor writer, in a business college taking the full course, 
get a good business hand in six months' time i Yes, ma am, 
if he has the right kind of teacher— one with a level 
head and a fired heart. I might add, that same average 
pupil should have from nine to twelve months' time for 
preparing tor the duties of business life such as they are 

Teacher, Milwaukee.— Ovals and other pages of studentii 
wi'ttidg grading above 90 will be sent you for 10 cents s 
page. The ink 1 furnish is a dead black and the best to be 

County Superintendent, Iowa.— Yes, you can learn to 
write from my method. You may be on the " shudy side " 
of life, but no matter so long as your nervous system has 
never been poisoned by tobacco and alcohol. Spend a good 
deal of time on plates 1 and 3. Send in your work once a 
month. Twenty-five cents insures a personal criticism and 
advice by letters. The ink is the best made, and will not 

L. M. B., Maine.— It would require too much space here 
and too much time by letter to reply to all your questions. 


. (//366-66i>c<-€-c^ ^U^-'^^^ 


Nos. 17 

-Such illustrations as given 
and 18, are for study and not for practice. 

The cut of student'3 figures was made up from pages 
written during our regular speed drills, and gives one a 

Read Mr. Park's talks on itinerant teaching in the 1893 
Journals. Never, never prefix "Prof." to your signa- 
ture. It leads me to think you are not a good one. Do not 
abbreviate the word respectfully. 


A, S. D., Des Moinee, la.— What should you do with a 
pupil who does not talie to jour eierrises, in fact refuses 
to writs u|) your ovals ) A. The reason for such refusal 
would determine my action. If he proved to be a " smart 
Alec " I lose no time in promoting him to the Actual Busi- 
n«a Department, where his first transaction is to receive 
hia tuition money in exchange for ;his lifetime absence. 
Now, answer my question t What would you do with pu- 
pils who resjKjnd with half a dozen pages daily when only 

^^^S^enmanii dyUCQ^tOntiS 



lired ; 

(:>(ry^7<>yf^^i?^^s~^ ,^^^0-- 

Teacher, Atlanta, Ga.— What should I do for a rapid but 
illegible writer/ Ans. You should have sent his specimens. 
Teach him to Individualize lettera by working speed exer- 

/^/ a /^ /a /^) /iC /a y^/^/^y 

/^ /^/a/t!^y<''y ^ / i^ / if y^ y<f 

^ cc c^ ^ ^ ^ ^ cj- cj. ey: cy 

a /a /a /a / a /a ya /a /,:> /a / ^ 

/ a /" /i^/ff/i^/^ /a /"a /'£' /a / a 

j.,^ ^/^■it^ ^-A ^ ^ .-A^^ 


cises for union together with long di ills on the " antidotes," 
using *'oue, two " time until hues are well located. Spacing 
comeH next iu order. See that he practices no advance 
work until safe in u's and n's. 

Miss K. W., Hartsville, Ind.— You can become a fine 
writer if you apply yourself properly. Don't be in a hurry 
to leave ovals. The improvement made on ovals will be 
•een in j'our letters. Work plates and 7 at a high rate of 
•peod. Do uot lift pen while writing any word. The first 
part of figure 9 is placed on base and is same length as fig- 

H. C. 8., Toronto, Out. — Your farm work need not inter- 

therefore your writing is wttxk in union and will not bear 
a high speed. 

[Note. — We have received so many requests from sub- 
scribers for personal letters of criticism from Mr. Thorn- 
burgh and for samples of his work, that he has upon our 
suggestion undertaken to do this. As he is a very busy 
man he cannot afford to do the extra work for nothing, but 
the fee charged will barely pay for his time. He will also 
fiend sample pages of students' work for a small fee. He is 
too busy to respond to all these calls for full page samples 
of his own work, even if paid for them. — Ed.] 


The Editor of ** The Journal** Talks on This Theme lo 
Vouns People. 

From a column and a half review in the Elizabeth. 
N. J., Dailij Journal, of a lecture delivered recently 
by D. T. Ames, the Editor of The Journal, before 
a large audience composed of young people, their 
friends, and teachers and his fellow members of the 
Board of Education of Elizabetli, we clip the fol- 
lowing : 

Students of to-day can look forward to possibilities o f 
attaining to enviable positions. Nothing is more certain 
than that every place now occupied is to be vacated in a 
few years, at the latest, also other new and desirable posi- 
tions to be discovered or created. This success will not be 
attained by the laggards iu school. 

Professor Ames then spoke of the elements entering in 
the equipment for success in business. It is the fitness, 
and the surest, faithful and capable performance of every 



Washington, Lincoln and Grant, who through their own 
persevering and thoughtful effort placed themselves in perceive and avail themselves of the " tide at 
its flood." 

Students should devote their spare time to the reading of 
useful books, listening to lectures, and in pursuit of that 
knowledge and experience which will most help to equip 
them for successful pursuit of their chosen calling. 

The student should reflect on what he reads, and culti- 
vate the habit of thinking. The greatest and best thinkers 
are the greatest and best men. There is nothing made by 
human hands on earth that is not a thought. Books are 
only thoughts eushriced iu type. A beautiful landscape 
painting is a thought expressed in paints aod colors. Skill- 
ful hands are so only as the servants of educated and 
thinking brains. The inventions of Watt, Stephenson, 
Fulton, Franklin, Morse, were all thought out. So all the 
great leaders of the world's progrtss have been thinkers, 
and there is still ample opportunity tor all new thinkers to 
distinguish themselves. 

The speaker told how it is so easy for even a large in- 
come to be frittered away for insignificant trifles, often 
for things useless, if uot harmful. Said he: "Suppose 
you smoke two or three cigars a day and pay for 
them 5 cents; soon they will cost 20 cents. It is a trifle 
of which you think nothing. But multiply that by 365 
and it becomes §73. Put that anuually at compound inter- 
est at 6 per cent, from the time you are fifteen until you 
are sixty (forty-five years), and what do you suppose it 
omounts to ? There are many good citizens who at the age 
of sixty would like to possess the sum it would yield. The 
figures will astonish you — $24,246. Thousands of men in 
this country are spending 40 cents a day for cigars and 
whisky or beer. And we have a nice little sum of $48,492, 
saved simply by abstinence from two utterly useless 

The lecturer then spoke of strict integrity as an element 
of success, and showed the fallacy of the idea that success 
consists in driving a f^harp bargain. Honesty is the best 
policy, but It should not be put on the ground of pohcy. 
It is the best thing because it is right. 

Iu summing up, Mr. Ames said it would be a grand 
thing for every one on frequent occasions to take account 
of stock, get a statement of their moral resources aod lia- 
bilities just as they should iu their financial affairs, reflect 
on their ways, recount the most important act of their 
lives and estimate them in the light of the present — have 
they made for success or failure ? Take reckonings and 
make them a lesson for future guidance. The young men or 
women who will do this will ultimately attain to a charac- 
ter and to a place that will make them the envy of all who 
know them. 

fere much ivith your business writing. Many of my boys 
who have been ou the farm for two and three years write 
a much better hand than when they left school. A pei-sonal 
letter will be sent for 25 cents. Unload your shade on 
small p, t and k while working plate 1. The strength of a 
chain Is not tested by its heaviest link. 

J. K. S., Taylor's Island, Md. — You write a smooth busi- 
ness hand. Your farm work will not injure your nerves 
and cause your writing to go to pieces if you keep up prac- 
tice on plat«?s 1. 8, 6, 7 and 8. You misspell nervts. 

N. A. N., Yankton, S. D.— Reread the first column 
directly beneath the "unhappy family group." page 188, 
Decenil)er lesson, and act accordingly. From more than 
1.000 sptfoimens received I have found onhj eight that have 
followed my instructions on this one of the most essential 
points in the entire course. One of the best writers I ever 
turned out spent seven hours on a single page of ovals. 

J. A. A., Whitehall, N. Y.— Exchange your tangled up, 
flourished, illegible capital letters for the plain, common 
eenae, Quakerstyle capitals given in these lessons. Your 
op curves on n and u do not retrace the down strokes. 

duty that may devolve upon them that leads to success. 
He mentioned as examples of success in life Roebhng, the 
engineer who built the Niagara Falls Bridge ; his son, the 
architect of the Brooklyn Bridge; Cyrus Field and others, 
who became masters of good achievements simply because 
of their own industry and perseverance, and because when 
the opportunity came they seized it. So it 

'^fotn Cotiipetetit f'rittcs. 

Journal was the finest ei 

The Christ 
lication coming to our office. 

Permit us to congratulate you 
improved form of The Journal, i 
number. It does you great credit, 

D the new and greatly 
> shown in the January 


WiLLLAMs & Rogers^ 
Rochester, N. Y. 


No. 3. 


jRACEFULNESS of line and sym- 
metry of form are among the 
chief essentials of ornamental 
■writing. Lines should be deli- 
cately curved and forms should 
he full and well rounded to be of 
the grtatest value. Lines, too, 
should be smooth and delicate and strong. They 
should be faint, yet firm. Contrast of light and 
shade is still another essential. All fine lines are 
pretty, hut when they are illuminated by an occa- 
sional brilliant, black shade the beauty is still 


Mow to Make t, d and p. 

The t's, d's and p's seem to be specially suited to 
this condition. Let us learn how to make them. 
Begin the t muuh as you would an i. But instead 
of stopping the pen on reversing the motion at the 
head line, as in i, the pen is raised while the pen is 
still in motion and on its way to the top to come 
down again. When about three spaces above the 
base line it stops, pauses in the air, then suddenly 
strikes the paper firmly enough to jar or jog or 
force the teeth or points of the pen apart and then 
starts toward the base line, to be lifted gradually 
and dexterously and swiftly from the paper as it 
nears the head line and to be raised clear of the 
paper somewhere between the head and base lines. 
Either this or to be carried almost to the line, where 
the action is checked sufficiently to allow the turn 
to be made on the line as delicately as in the i. 

But it is not done. The top is not yet square. It 
must be " retouched." This must be done by mak- 
ing the top level and sharpening the corners. The 
crossing is usually added by making a compound 
curve over the letter or a short line following it. 
Simply a matter of taste. The movement comes 
from the hand and elbow. The action comes from 
the elbow, but is subdued by the little finger resting 
firmly on the blotter and acting in conjunction with 
the arm and perhaps the other fingers. If you do 
not raise the pen near the line, it is necessary to use 
the fingers more than described. It is not a sin to 
use the fingers, but it is to use them to excess. 

The d is made so similarly to the t that additional 
instructions are unnecessary unless the other is not 

The little finger should slip freely from the 
time the pen starts until it stops in making the first 
two strokes inji. The action should come from the 
elbow as a center. It should act like a hinge. After 
making the up stroke come to and below the line 
with a Tush, stopping abruptly two spaces below the 
line. The pressure of the pen on the paper will be 
sufficient to check the motion. Square similarly as 
the t and finish like an n. 

Jloiv T.nops Are Made. 

Loops are usually considered difficult. I cannot 
say that I find them very much more so than many 
short letters. I do not think that you will find them 
so, either, if you will observe the proper position. 
Remember the paper should he so held that the fore- 
arm will be at right angles to the connective slant. 
If, with the paper in this position, you will cause 
the pen to move to the right and upward, causing 
a slight backward and then forward action of the 
arm in the sleeve, in conjunction with the hinge 
motion, and then without stopping the pen at the 
top allow it to turn abruptly and descend toward the 
line, rising from the paper somewhere between the 
crossing and the base line, you will no doubt find, in 
due time, that loops are not so difficult after all. 
But you are not done. Place the pen carefully on 
the unfinished stroke and complete as in i or n and 
you will have lor h. 

If you do not wish to raise the pen at or near the 
crossing, then let the fingers act in conjunction with 
the hinge action of the elbow and check the motion 
as you are coming down at the crossing by letting 
the little finger drag less freely or rest. You cannot 
make loops successfully if your forearm is at right 
angles to the base line without a good deal of finger 
action. Whereas, with the paper turned as before 
advised, you cannot use the fingers much, but the 
muscles of the upper arm instead. This hinge like 


action is the real movement for producing long, 
slender, substantial loops. In fact, it is the best 
movement we have to counteract finger action. 

JPreliminanj Exercises Come First. 

Of course the preliminary exercises must be 
mastered before attempting the letters. The letters 
must be mastered before attempting words. The 
pupil must rely upon his better judgment about the 
little things. Now, don't work too hard at this loop 
business. Simply let the little finger slide freely, 
and let the arm act as a hinge at the elbow, and 
you will find loops to be pleasant to practice. You 
may find them hard at first, but the longer you 
practice in this manner the easier they will be, and 
the better you will like them. 

A Word About Movrment. 

Keep in raind that a light, easy, graceful, yet firm 
and delicate movement is essential at all times. Do 
not screw your muscles down so tightly by nervous 
anxiety that they cannot act. Nor must you let 
them be so loose that they flop around rather than 
dance or waltz. As we would say in Pennsylvania, 
make them dance " juper," which means make 
them do their "level best," but do not let them get 


O. E. O. , Minneapolis, Minn.— Your stroke is a trifle 
heavy ; the ink is too thin — add gum arable. Send last 
effort instead of first. You write well. 

J. S. M , Springfield, O. — Your practice is just about 
right. Down strokes in ovals a trifle straight. 

Mr. L. B. D'A., Danville. Va. — Your work on the first 
lesson is up to the copy. What more can be said ? Sorry 
we cannot find space to reproduce some of it. Zaneb. 

We will pay postage (one cent for each four ounce 
and will send copies of another issue to take their 
place, if desired. Whether you have one or more 
surplus copies of that issue, prompt compliance will 
be greatly appreciated. 

The Sultan Wants an American 
Business College Man. 

The Secretary of State has received a letter from 
the United States Minister to Turkey stating that the 
Sultan desires the services of a professor for a busi- 
ness college in Constantinople who can lecture in 
French and is proficient in the business methods of 
the United States. The letter has been sent to the 
United States Commissioner of Education, who wiU. 
communicate with the heads of various institutions 
in this country with a view to securing the person, 
wanted.— jYeui York Herald, February 13. 

Call For January Journals. 

Notwithstanding the unusually large edition of 
The Journal for January — 20,000 copies — the de- 
mands for that issue and the flood of club subscrip- 
tions received since then have reduced the number 
on hand to the danger point. As many of the cur- 
rent features of the paper begin with that issue and 
a great many clubs promised to be sent this month 
will want to be dated back to the beginning of the 
year, we ask all of our friends who may have surplus 
copies of the January issue to send them at once. 

The Care of Ink in Public Schools. 

To THE Editor of The Journal : 

Our ink has always given us trouble The wells do not 
olose tightly enough to prevent rapid evaporation and 
thickening of the ink. We have watered it as a remedy. 
I have used a small medicine dropper for the purpose, and 
have succeeded fairly well in supplying the water in the 
right quantity. But some pupils, determined to have their 
lines appear light, have smuggled in more water, and you 
know the result. Above all things else 1 would like to see 
The Journal give us a good round on the quality and 
management of the ink in public schools. What make 
IS best ? What well is best ! What do successful teachers 
use t Where can it be obtained and what does it cost ? I 
cannot keep any good ink for my own use. 

Our janitor uses a medicine dropper of large size — that 
is, a glass tube with a rubber bulb on one end— to fill the 
wells. I mention this because I first thought of it, anil 
others may not know what a convenience it is. 

Sarah A. Frank. 

Carthage, Mo. 

A YounK nionev maker. 

In these hard times, your readers of failures and misfort- 
unes may like a change and be pleased to learn of a way that 
any industrious person can make money. I am plating? ana 
renlatinfr jewelry, watches, knives, forks, spoons, etc. I made 
$17 last week and gl3 in tour and one-half days of this week. 

I think this good for a boy. I bought my machii 

F"D'eino i"Co. o^ Columbus, Ohio, for $.5.' Any ' 
circulars by writing to them. If this passes the waste basket , 
I will write again ' ""■■ " "■ 

A Boy Keadeb.. 




Ko. 2. 


J/vw to Start— Taking Sprctmeiut. 

T EQUIRE each pupil who can write, 
-- j toprtpare a specimen for yonr 
j scrap book, thus: 

On tlie first ruled line fnithest 
from tlie top, beginning ntar the 
luidtJle length of the line, write 
the name of the school, or your 
post office, name of State, month, 
day ot the uiouth and year. 

On the second line have the student write : " This 

is a specimen of my writing." On the third line, 

near the right tide, the pnpil should sign his name. 

Pass to each .student, take up the sheet having his 

specimen and lay it on your desk. 

At your leisure trim them to a uniform width, say 
two inches, and paste them in a scrap book in alpha- 
betical order, leaving a blank space after each speci- 
men, 80 that another one may be pasted in that 
apace, for comparison, later. 

Any large flat book, with alternate leaves re- 
moved, will answer for a scrap book, if you do not 
care to purchase one for that purpose. 

rrillmlMinj DrIII-l'oslllon. 

■Having secured t he tpecimensand having laid them 
aside, give the students a drill in taking the correct 
pohition for writing, thus: The top of each desk being 
cleared of everything except paper, the pupil will 
ait facing his desk, resting both arms on the desk, 
and at nearly right angles to each other, the left 
hand being above the base or ruled line on the paper 
when it is in use, fingers extended but not spread, 
and palm and fingers resting lightly on the paper to 
keep it in place, the right arm being so placed that 
the elbow shall be off the front edge of the desk 
from one to two inches, and a few inches from the 
pupil's side, the weight of the arm being sustained 
by the muscles, as near the edge of the desk as pos- 
.fible, holh feet JIat on thefloor. the left foot slightly 
in front of the ligbt foot, the body iiidinlng forward 
from the /n>s— hygiene makes this important— the 
8ln)ulders being level, the head inclined a little di- 
rectly to the front. 

Drill on the above from one to three minutes, and 
repeat at each succeeding lesson until all assume it 
without being told to do so. 

Moi'imriil Dri'iloprrn. 

The students being in position for writing, take 
your position to the left in front of the school, turn 
a little to the right, so that you can easily see about 
all the students, and holding a geography or board 
(see last number of THE JorRXAL) in your left hand 
and elevated at an angle of about iTt degrees, see that 
each student carefully observes what you do. Now 
rest your right arm ou the geography (we will pre- 
sume that is what you will use. it being ■• so handy "), 
with your elbow off the edge one or two inches, the 
•wrist being about three fourths of an inch from the 
snrfaco, open and shut yonr hand slowly and tightly, 
t)eing particular not to lift the band from a straight 
line with your wrist. The students will notice the 
swelling of your arm near the elbow. 

Face the class and have them try it, gradually in- 
i-reasing the speed, while you count in a low distinct 
full voice, "open," "shut," "open," "shut," and 
then " one," " two," etc. All hands must move in 

Next, take your position as before,|have all observe 
you. and closing your right hand tight, swing the 
hand to and from yon, counting "left," "right" 
••left," right," or "one," "two," etc. The arm 
must not slide. Keep the arm from the elbow straight, 
the closed hand almost rubbing the geography. 
Now have the students try it, swinging the hand as 
far as possible. Do not permit shaky, unsteady or 
irregular movemen's, nor must the arm slide on the 

Count, as indicated, and endeavor to have all the 
hands move the same way at the same time. 

Pupils under ten or twelve years old should be 



allowed to swing the arm from the shoulder, since 
the muscles of their arms below the elbow are not 
sufficiently developed to practice as the older pupils 
must be required to do. 

Next, the teacher will take his position, close the 
hand and push and pull it as far as he can without 
the arm slipping, being, careful that the arm moves 
in and out of the sleeve, counting thus: "up," 
"down," "up," "down," or "one," •■two," etc. 
Have the school count aloud, you leading. Now 
the students will try it, all counting aloud, in a low, 
distinct tone. Repeat, with the hand open, keeping 
it near the surface of the desk. 

f^'oitntinff nn<t Ilhislrating thr J'Jj^eyctsi'S, 

Teacher in position. Illustrate No. 3 first with 
closed hand, counting "one" on every under pant 

for each rotation. School try it. Repeat, hand 
o^n, fingers extended, almost touching the desk. 
Teacher illustrates N*. +, counting " one" for each 
downward stroke. Practice work by the school. 

Take the different exercises and illustrate theiu, 
then rfquire practice by the school, as needed. 
Make No. 1 on blackboard, then show from *' posi- 
tion"' how to practice it with dry pen and pencil. 

Pupils using pens will practice with dry pens, 
placing: from ten to twelve sheets of paper under the 
one on which the pen glides. 

!><■»' ftiififintf. 

At this point, teach how to get the pen properly 
in the hand, thus : 

Place the holder at rest over the right ear, the pen 
pointing to the front and "right side up with care." 




J^^?yr2^^ .d^^^yT:^^^ 


~^cnynaM QyciCCL/cu.uuiG> 


Tell the student to take it down. Generally the pen 
holder will be taken down in excellent position for 

Teacher will, of course, illustrate this several 
times before requiring it of the pupils. Repeat as 
often as necessary. 

Children using pencils will hold them thus. The 
teacher illustrating : " Suspend the hand over the 
paper (or slate), spread the fingers slightly, then put 
the pencil between the last two fingers so that the 
end of the thumb and the first finger will meet on 
top of the pencil from one-half to three-fourths of 
an inch from the writing point, grasp it firmly with 
the second and third fingers, turn the little finger 
well under the hand and keep that finger perfectly 

Dry I*en Priirticf. 

Practice the movements, commencing with No. 1, 
without ink on the pens, and have pencils reversed, 
so that there will be no lines made. Pens must not 
make a scratching sound. 

Repeat, using ink, working for free and regular 
movements, and keeping in mind that light lines are 
one of the first essentials ; therefore, work without 
shading the strokes. Use as many of these _drill3 
each day as may be adapted to your school's need. 


Have every pupil supplied with the necessary ma- 
terial, before giving the first lesson, and see that the 
supply does not become exhausted. 

Each pupil's paper should be kept in a paper sack, 
of proper size, with his name on the sack. At the 
close of the lesson, all the paper not used in that 
lesson should be carefully put into the sack, to- 
gether with the penholder or pencil, and then they 
should all be taken up and placed in the teacher's 
desk. This will prevent any attempt to scribble dur- 
ing the day, will prevent waste of paper, will tend 
to keep it from getting soiled, and will avoid disputes 
as to ownership, etc. Small children may act as 
monitors to take up the sacks and distribute them 
at the time for the next day's lesson. Take up and 
distribute the ink in the same way. By pasting the 
owner's name on his bottle of ink, possible friction 
among students as to ownership, etc., will be frus- 

J}aUy Spechnen Exhibit, 

The written paper containing all the work of each 
pupil sliould be collected by the teacher, about a 
half-dozen sheets of the best work, and one or two 
of the poorest, pasted together and hung up in a con- 
spicuous place tor inspection. 

See that each student is represented at different 
times. As these papers are intended for visitors to 
examine, pupils will endeavor to excel so that they 
may secure compliments concerning their writing. 

Do the above named work at each and every lesson. 
Before commencing te practice the work of the day, 
always have each student write his name at the left 
on the first ruled line, the date at the right. When 
the page is filled, turn the paper over, and write the 
name and date as before, then practice the lesson. 

Each student should have from ten to twelve sheets 
of paper under the one on which he is writing. When 
the page is about half filled, push the top sheet of 
paper from the body and pull the others toward you. 
This will permit the third and fourth fingers to glide 
on the paper which has been pulled down instead of 
moving on the desk, and it will be found that the 
hand will move much easier than when the fingers 
are on the surface of the desk. 

The hand should not be carried more than one- 
third the distance across the paper before stopping. 
Move the paper to the left, about two inches, then 
write half the remaining distance, move the paper 
again to the left two inches, and finish the line. 
Now move the paper to the right, four inches, being 
careful to have it in proper position to begin a new 
line. These directions should be rigidly adhered to 
at each and every lesson. 

Hundreds ol beautiful nud UHeful books are listed lu 
our new book Rud preuifuiu cutalosue, with combiun- 
lioii rates In couiiectiou with *• Journal** subscriptions, 
bnili.newand renewals, sinffie and lu clubs. As we bItc 
the subscriber beneOt of the Inrsest wholesale reduction 
oif the books lu connection with the conibluntlou oiler. It 
rreouculiF happens that he Is ennbied to obtain book 
and paper at considerably less than the bosk alone 
would cost of any denier. It will par any lutclliiient 
person to send a two.cent atamp for this catalogue. 
■>lnny TaUable sussestloos for presents. 



Methods of Teaching Penman- 
ship in Graded Schools^. 


Article 16. 

Fir^t Lpjisons in Writinif for " The Babies." 

^TTp ■ older readers of The Jodknal may 
XIC/ recall an article by the writer 
touching the work of this same 
grade which appeared in the col- 
umns of The Journal some months 
ago. If so, do not conclude that he 
has changed his mind, but rather 
that the conditions under which 
the present plan is being carried out 
are dififerent. 

Instead of being compelled to use slates and do an 
excessive amount of written language work even 
during the first year of school (the conditions under 
which the former article was written), we are more 
fortunate now as to conditions, in that we use slates 
for no purpose whatever, not even for number tvork, 
in any grade whatever, while only a limited amount 
of written work is required in grades one and two. 

The Plan in Jtriff. 

First, the child is led to talk about something. 
Second, the symbol standing for that something is 
written upon the board. Third, the child's attention 
is drawn to that " picture of its name " (the written 
word) in such a way as to photograph it in his mind. 
Fourth, he attempts to reproduce the picture. 
Finally, after having learned to write a few words 
he is allowed to write a " literal story " {a sentence 
composed of those words). 

Any progressive primary teacher knows full well 
how well children love to talk. They, like we 

growa-up children, like best to talk of things be- 
longing to our own little world, yet how eagerly do 
they grasp new objects and words to add thereto. 

If possible, they derive even greater pleasure from 
a twofold means of expressing thought — viz., speak- 
ing and writing, or speaking and drawing, or from 
all three combined. First, they may tell what they 
have observed. Second, they may draw its picture, 
and finally, they may " write a story " about it. 
When they can do this they are happy indeed. 

flflliny the Mental fojif/. 

The process by which a child accumulates a stock 
of words with which to tell his stories to the eye is 
very simple indeed and not wholly new to the 
primary teacher of the present. 

First, he is sent to the window to take observa- 
tions. The teacher next asks what he has seen. The 
reply may be " A tree." " 'Very well," remarks the 
teacher. " Now see me make a picture of its name." 
As the word tree is being written upon the board 
the attention of the class is called to the rate of exe- 
cution. Then children are questioned as to wha1: 
kind of trees they have seen. Each time the teacher 
repeats after the pupil, " A peach tree," " An apple 
tree," "An orange tree," etc., giving special em- 
phasis to the word tree, also writing the word tree 
again and again to push the impression deeply into, 
their minds. 

At first, nothing is said concerning the individual 
letters, the object being to photograph the word as 
the unit in the child's mind. 

After a dozen or more kinds of trees have been 
named and the word tree has been written as many 
times, the teacher asks : " Who can write it for 
me?" or, " Who can make me a picture of a tree's 
name ? " 

A miniature forest of little arms topped with open 


palms and spreading fingers, that wave from side to 
side not nnlike the trees abont which they are so 
eager to talk, are thrust ceilingwaid. They are 
sent to the board. They are told to look again, care- 
fully, to see just how the picture looks, as yon are 
going to rub it out. They are also told not to look 
at the work of their neighbors if they forget how a 
part of the picture looks, but to turn and see you 
make it again. This is to induce the child to really 
see for himself, and to prevent the damaging habit 
of copying the mistakes of others. Then, too, the 
mere copying, even of correct forms, is of little 
value when compared with that plan which teaches 
the child to make the copy bis own mental property. 

As soon as the class is set to work the teacher 
Iiasses from pupil to pupil giving individual help. 
Should a pupil's production show that he has taken 
in but a portion of the picture, as shown by exam- 
ples / and j, or that his concept is wholly bad, as 
seen in examples o or c. the matter is treated in the 
same way— viz., the work is erased without calling 
attention to its defects and the correct form again 
placed before him. When he has again exposed his 
mental phllm to the correct form the copy is again 
removed and he makes a new trial. The object of 
tins i« to allow only the correct impression to take 
hold of his minil. 

To aid him in getting a better picture the teacher 
may ask "Do you see these two little people (the 
es)'/ Are they just alike? Is this little fellow any 
taller (the ()''" t^tc. 

Examples (/, c and g show that the mind has con- 
ceived the nature of all the parts, but that their posi- 
tions or relative sizes werenot clearly photographed. 

Examjiles a, b and i show the most distinct feature 
in the jiapil's mental picture to be the duplication 
of parts, l»nt that his impression was very indefinite 
as to selection or arrangement of the part to be re- 
Iieated, or both. 

How intensely interesting it is to thus watch the 
developing of the child raind. How readily some 
take impressions. 

Remark.— All of the above mentioned examples 
from u to J are faithful reproductions from the work 
of a cluss of little people who were writing the 
word tree for the first time, and demonstrate what 
may reasonably be expected from first efforts. Be- 
fore the lesson was over, however, every member of 
the class, with but one exception, conld tvrite the 
word again and again without error as to nature, 
nnmbur or arrangement of parts. The exception was 
not yet six years of age, and the drill lasted but fif- 
teen minutes. The recitation was conducted as 
above described and by the regular teacher. 

Remark, — Another way of introducing the word 
tree is to sketch an apple, orange or other fruit and 
to ask where they grow. See examples. Numbers 
may be taught at the same time if desired. See also 

The jironoun / and the words see and a are easily 
learned. To these the pupil has but to add each new 
word as it is learned to form his 'story." This is 
styled sentence building. Upon the same plan word 
building may be carried on, as already mentioned in 
article II. Take, for example, such words as at and 
an, prefixing or suffixing other letters, using the old 
word as a foundation. The child has but to remem- 
ber the old word and to leani the additions thereto. 
Or suppose you take the th combination and build 
out each way from it. See how many new words 
the child will learn to know and to write within a 
short time. As soon as the first few words are 
learned, sentences multiply very rapidly, and you 
are astonished to see how fluently their chalk talks. 

The mainspring of this plan — that incentive which 
arous^ all the childish enthusiasm and activity, 
which alone can secure such success — is the inter- 
est he takes in talking and writing his own little 

As soon as a child learns to write the new word so 
that you know he has seen it all, then begins the 
pruning or molding process. His attention is more 
and more closely called to the details of construction, 
formation, proportion, &c., as a means of improving 
his mental copy. 

I'ontlton of thi- Chfilk. 

Have children hold the chalk under the palm, and 
never permit it to be held as a pen, between the 
thumb and pen fingers. To permit this malposition 
of the crayon is sure to result in the child touching 
his wrist to the board, thus effectually preventing 
the freedom of execution so desirable at the outset. 
Give them at least a half crayon. Keep stirring 
them up and urging them to write as fast as you do. 
You say "they can't do it," but you are mistaken. 
Nothing is advocated in these lessons that has not 
been accomplished in the schools presided over by 
the writer at various time*. No experiments are 
given here — only the results of such as have been 
tried and proven. 

Should a pupil say " I can't. " don't heed the 
statement, but still kmdlv urge him on. even though 
you are of like opinion, and you will soon be con- 
vinced that he can, within a reasonable time, write 
at a gait almost equal to your own. This habit is 
worth everything to him. Even the results will 
soon become more accurate as a result of the con- 
fidence which freedom inspires. 

fSt^'^' c!^nmaAi) (X^iCClKutAaS 


For the first two months the bulk of the work is 
done at the board. Then for a short time the pupil 
is allowed to use a lead pencil for his language 
work. At the middle of the firtt school year the 
pen is put into his hand. By this time the habit 
of writing rapidly has grown upon him, greatly 
facilitating his efforts with the pen. 

WHILE the exercises of Plates I, II and III, 
previously given, are practical and useful in 
the highest degree, they have been placed at 
the beginning of the course, because they are so 
valuable in giving freedom of movement and the 
different methods of handling the. chalk or crayon. 
On the supposition that this knowledge and skill are 
now somewhat available for other uses, we shall 
present a series of exercises more directly applicable 
to the common school branches of study. 

And first, we will ta^ce up the sabject of geogra- 
phy. In none of the common branches is illustrat- 
ive sketching more useful in clarifying and enlarg- 
ing the concepts of children concerning the outlines 
and the surface modeling of different countries. 
Where shall we begin'/ A beginning exercise ought 
to have two attributes or qualities. (1) It ought to 
be comparatively easy to execute, and (2) it ought to 
be elementary and fundamental to the subject. We 
find bo*h these qualities in water. 

Water in its three forms — % liquid, a gas and a 
solid, or rain, clouds and ice— has had a larger share 
in sculpturing the earth's surface into the forms in 
which we now find it than any other agency. There 
wasa time when this earth was void and without form. 
It may have been rolled and wheeleil through space 
for millions of years "before humanity was formed 
from its dust." But, at length, God commands this 
" tormented and trembling ball " to be carved and 
sculptured into its present form. But how has this 
been done? What are "the mighty forces that 
heave the hill and break the shore, and evermore 
make and break and work their will ; " with its 

" Rock-ribbed and aDcieot as the sun, the vales 

StretcblDg in pensive quietness between ; 

The venerable woods, rivers tbat move 

In majesty, and tbe complaining broolts * 

Tbat make tbe meadows green ; and poured round all, 

Old ocean's gray and melancholy waste." 

This has not been done by swift lightnings and 

't^enjruuui Qyvit/ (XKuvulG) 

hnge thunderbolts, but by the dropping and the 
pouring and the running and the freezing of water. 
By " teeth of glacier and weight of waves it was 
engraven and finished into its perfect form." 

A little reflection will convince us that a large 
body of still water is not difficult to represent. 
Hence oar first geography lesson, Fig. 1, shows us 
an open sea, or the ocean, when the water is com- 
paratively qniet. In all open water scenes first draw 
a light horizontal line to represent the horizon. 
Continue to sketch light horizontal lines below the 
horizon line until the space to be need is evenly 
filled np. Sometimes the darker shade should be in 
the foreground and sometimes in the distance. 

The horizontal lines described above may also be 
need to represent any level plain ; but little devices 
or auxiliaries may be used to help out the imagina- 
tion, as the rising son and its reflection in the water 
or a s' earner in the distance. 

Fig. 2 still represents quiet water, with the device 
of a boat in the foregrouud, and the reflection of the 
snn. If desired, the clouds may be omitted until 
they are taken up as a separate lesson, some time in 
the future. 

Fig. 3 represents the water as a smooth lake. 
Fig. 4 shows an open expanse into which at the left 
is projected a high peninsula ; at the right are shown 
an atol, or a coral reef, and an island. The trans- 
parency of the water is increased by the reflections 
of the peninsula, sun, etc. In drawing the lake, the 
htol and the island, the foreshortening from front to 

back should be carefully observed and represented. 
Beginners almost invariably draw such objects too 
wide, as compared with their length. 

Fig. 7 represents a strait between two land pro- 
jections, while Fig. 8 is the reverse, showing an 
isthmus between two water projections. Trees and 
other vegetation help to indicate the land. Notice 
the slight rippling of the waters near the shores. 
Fig. 9 shows low, flat bluffs and the wearing effect 
of water on some coasts. Notice that vertical lines 
are used in shading these bluffs. Such lines carry 
the eye upward and downward and help to give the 
idea of height. 



loDTnBl'a Prize Cerliflcales for Best WritlnK 
from Each Grade. 

HE success in the past of the public 
school contests inaugurated by The 
Journal has encouraged us to of- 
fer certificates for the best and 
second best writers in each grade 
in American public schools, and a 
special certificate to the supervisor 

whose students secure the greatest number of prize 

The eaperriaors and special teachers who desire to 

take part will please read carefully, and follow 
strictly, these 


The contest is open to all cities and towns in the 
United States and Canada. 

Any one or all grades may be entered, from first 
to High School inclusive. 

Send best two (only) specimens from each grade, 
and see that the name of the writer, school, grade, 
age, city and date is on each specimen. This is very 

Put specimens from each grade together, and fasten 
all giades in one package, with name and address of 
supervisor on outside. This prevents loss or mixing. 

The age qualifications are as follows : First, or 
lowest grade (if the numbers are revfrsed, as they 
are in some cities, the eighth will be the lowest) 
specimens must not be sent from students over seven 
years of age ; 2d grade, 8 years ; 3d, 9 years ; 4th, 
10 years ; 5th, 11 years ; 6th, 12 years : 7th, 13 years : 
8th, 14 years ; High School, 18 years. This will put 
all on an equal footing. 

Each specimen must contain at leaat four different 
lines — not same line repeated four times. 

All specimens tnust be written in black infc. 

Specimens to be in Journal office not later than 
May 15, 1895. 

It will facilitate matters if our friends will mark 
all letters and packages pertaining to this contest : 
'• For Public School Contest." Also put any special 
instructions or information on the package itself 
(and not on wrapper or in a letter). 

The I'rtzen. 

The prize certificates are handsomely lithographed 
especially for these contests and state, over the sig- 
natures of the judges, that they are awarded for best 
(or second best) specimens of writing in that partic- 
ular grade, in a national contest. 

Two certificates are awarded for each grade, a 
first and a second ; this will make a total of 18 cer- 

A special certificate will be given to the supervisor 
whose students secure the greatest number of cer- 

We trust that every city or town employing a 
special teacher or supervisor will enter the contest. 
Whether prizes are won or not, the effort put forth 
is beneficial to both students and teacher. Let us 
hear of the preparations for the battle all along the 

Fraternal Notes. 

— G. A. Transue, prin. of the Pottsville, Pa., Free Com'l 
School, believes in good writing, and backs up his belief 
by having many of his students subscribe for The 

— I. S. Preston, for many years located in Brooklyn, and 
recently Sup'r at Medford, Mass., is now assisting Mr. 
French in his Evening High School writing classes in 

— From the Akron, Ohio. Beacon and Republican, we 
clip the following : Prof. James O. Wise has been granted 
a life certificate to teach bookkeeping by the Ohio Board 
of Examiners. This is the first special life certificate in 
this branch ever granted in Ohio. The examination con- 
tinued during four days. Professor Wise now has life 
certificates in his three specialties, bookkeeping, penman- 
ship and drawing. 

— Miss Emma Byrne is in charge of the writing of 
Selma, Ala., public schools. She is bound to succeed, be- 
cause she is enthusiastic and starts right — by subscribing 
for The Journal. 

— In a recent letter received from A. H. Steadman, the 
new Supervisor at Toledo, O., he says: 

"I find public school work to be admirably adapted to 
my want? and my ideas. I have a good field here with 
every prospect of making a grand success of the work. 
The writing has been neglected in our public schools and 
is in very bad condition, but our teachers, I am glad to 
say, are already very much interested and willing to lend 
me all the assistance'! desire. 

'"Much of the success I have attained in penmanship I 
credit to the enthusiasm imparted to m** by reading your 
most excellent Journal. I have been a subscriber for 
this paper almost from the time it was first started. I 
would not think of missing a number." 

Public School Work. 

— From E. E. Utterback, Supr. Writing, Salina, Kan., 
we have received several hundred samples of the writing 
of the second and eighth grades. It is all good, most of 
iz excellent, and proves once more what we have always 
claimed— that students in the public schools, as well as 
business college students, can be taught to write a business 
hand. The writing of the older and more advanced 
students, represented in these specimens, is fi^s^class, 
rapid business writing. Mr. Utterback has good ideas, 
and that he puts them into practice is evidenced by the 
samples in question. 

— Supr.O. W. Nottingham, Van Wert, O,, sendi a big 


package of samples of writiog or the pupils in his third to 
eighth grade inclusive and the High School. Mr. Nottiug- 
bam is a successful teacher, and we had occasion before to 
comment od the uniform excellence of bisstudents' writiDK. 
These specimens confirm our goot opinion. They equal the 
work of tlie Cold water, Mich, (where Mr. N. is also Supr ), 
In everything except freedom of movement. If a coarser 
pea were used it would make the writing more business- 
like. Among the best writers are : Olira Burgoou, Ger- 
trude Longsworth, Norma Hiestand, Clitfnrd Jones, Mabel 
Rice, Henry Staog. Mary Longworthy, Villa Grenamier, 
Margaret Dippery, DoUie Berry and Emma Wilcoion. 

Well-Known Supervisors. 

Born in the early sixties aad reared in the penman's 
nursery (the farm), R. P. Moore, the subject of this sketch, 
left his native county, Shelby, III., at the age of sixteen 
and located (if one who is constantly roving can be said to 
be locattd) in the land of cowboys, horned toads and 
tarantulas— Texas. On a cattle ranch he was initiated into 
the mystery of whole arm movement and egg shaped ovals 
with a lariat while balanced on the (hindl quarter deck of 
a bucking broncho. His fii-st chirographic inspiration came 
from L. Maiarasz ; next he graduated from the Ft. 
Worth, Tex., Business College. After some remarkable 
success in organizing classes in writing he was elected 
Supervisor of Writing in the Ft. Worth public schools, the 
first position of the kind in the State. Four years later he 
became principal of the Dallas Business College, which po- 
sition he held for two years. He was elected principal of 
the commercial department of the Texas Normal College 
at Denton. He spent two years in the latter place and re- 
signed to accept his present dual position, that of teacher of 
penmanship and drawing in the Hico, Texas, public schools, 
and Hico Normal College. Mr. Moore is an all-round pen- 
man and a good teacher and has thousands of successful 
students in the Lone Star State. Elsewhere in this issue 
will be found a specimen of his flourishing and a pencil 
drawing made by one of his students. 

Journal's Public School Prize 

By an inadvertance the ages of the students in the 
Nashville public schools were omitted from our announce- 
ment of the result of the contest. Here they are : 

Rose Pringle, first year, first prize, age six. 

Golda Lee Tugendrich, second year, first prize, age seven. 

Ralph E. Bowden, third year, first prize, age nine. 

Robert Edward Jordan, fourth year, second prize, age 

Lillie Mai Kennedy, fifth year, second prize, age twelve. 

Lethea Greer, eichtb year, second prize, age fifteen. 

A. C. Webb, Supervisor of Writing and Drawing in the 
Nashville public schools, was awarded first premium for the 
largest number of pupils winnine pr ze certificate. 

To THE Editor or The Journal. 

I would like to use your columns to invite teachers of 
writing in the public schojls, anywhere, to exchange slips 
of their writing (by classes) with mine. This invitation is 
made merely to stimulate emulation in writing and thereby 
help to raise the standard of good writing in the public 
schools. This is open to the Vertical enthusiasts. 

Very truly, J. H. Bachtenkircher. 

Supervisor of Fenmanthip, tHbtic Schoolt, f,a/ayette, 



i Q;'UCCL^cunaJ& 



No. 3. 

StflUl of rtrUeal WrlUna. 

26.— We are now prepared to coDsider what Btyle 
of vertical writing will make the best copy for prac- 
tice to develop habits of free, legible writing. I do 
not refer to individual letter forms ; they will be 
taken np 8ei)arately later on, but to the general 
character of the writing copy. In discnssing this 
qneBtion we mnst conHider the probable conditions 
under which the writers will work when they leave 

aO.— Of those who use the pen a great deal, such 
as reporters, telegraph operators, bank clerks, ac- 
countants, store clerks, etc., how many, a« a rule, 
are properly seated to allow the fleshy part of the 
right arm to rest on the edge of the desk with the 
writing lines at nearly right angles to the forearm 
as is demanded by the defenders of the old system 
as being absolutely necessary to free writing? 

37. — A great part of the reporter's work is done 
with note book in hand on the street or on his knee 
at an interview. 

28. — Several perwons have lately been trying to ex- 
cuse the telegrapher for doing his work with the arm 
free from his desk by claiming that his desk is too 
narrow to permit of his arm resting properly, but 
they forgot to explain why the desks were made bo. 

21).— Bank clerks and accountants who write to a 
great extent in books so large that they must be kept 
with the bottom parallel to the edge of the desk 
have littfe chance to write with the arms in the 
regulation position. 

;t<).— Oiir groat army of store clerks who make ont 
their bills, checks and receipts at a counter not 
higher than their hips would have to perform some 
novel contortions to comply with the demands of 
the confident teacher of sloping writing and of the 
authors of some of the new vertical writing books. 

nut no Per Ceiil. Write In School Peiltton for 
.Slant ITrltliif/, 

31. — From recent observations I have come to 
the conclusion that during less than 20 per cent, of 
the writing time of the people of this continent out- 
side of the schools, is the writing in a position to 
admit of that e.xtensively exercised bunch of muscles 
near the elbow being placed on the edge of the desk 
to do its machine like work. 

112.— Is it fair to the child then, may I ask, to 
train him throughout his school life for what he 
may seldom have a chance to do afterward and neg- 
lect that which is almost sure to be demanded of 
him duriug 80 i)er cent, of his writing time? 

33. — In correspondence and in copying, where the 
regulation position may usually be possible, the type- 
writer has come in and is freeing the pen more and 
more from this too often drudgery. 

riie Ileal IVidci! Cnl>!/ Hi-ltlllu. 

34.— The best style of writing, then, for a copy, is 
one that, will readily adapt itself to any possible po- 

35.— One that may be written freely while stand- 
ing at a low counter, while using a box for a rest at 
a freight shed or without a rest with the book in the 
hand. One that may be written, with arm extended, 
at the top of a large account book or on the last line 
at the bottom. 

30.— Such a style of writing is, we believe, the re- 
sult of our experiments in the Kingston schools. Our 
children can write, not as machines, but as human 
beings, each endowed with individual constitution 
and intelligence, 

37.— When we first introduced vertical writing 
into our schools we used .Spencetian forms with their 
semi-angular turns, as shown in plate 1, and while 
the results were much more satisfactory than with 
the same forms on a slope, we soon found, through 
our experiments, that when using copies with very 
round turns similar to those in plate 2. improvement 
seem to come by leaps and bounds. In our smallest 
school we expeiimcnted with the style shown in 
plate 3, a style similar to which has been used in 
some p:irts of Germany, but we found in every case 
where we departed from the round, bold style, the 

writing in the regular class exercises deteriorated, 
and the nearer we approached the style in plate 1 the 
worse the exercises appeared. In spite of all our 
preconceived notions, our system has grown to the 
style shown in plate 4, and now the regular class ex 
ercises are practically as well done as the writing in 
the copy books. 

P'raetteol and Arltttie, 

38. — Many will of coarse declare the last named 
style clumsy and inartistic. But what does the ar- 
tistic mean to the average person ? It means that 
which they have been taaght to consider correct. 
Printers and typefounders have for a long time 
been trained to consider the more uniform and 
exact the faces of type the more artistic the printed 
page. But they are coming to reconsider all this. 
They have abandoned the skeleton type and from 
the delicately smooth faces are going back to the 
old style, h,aving discovered that I he very irregular- 
ity they formerly thought objectionable really pre- 
served the artistic appearance of the page. 

.*J9. — When speaking of the artistic, one turns, 
not to the work of those who are bound hand and 
foot by dogma, but to artists of international reputa- 
tion who have given much attention to typography. 

40 — When turning over the pages of a magazine 
recently I saw a facsimile of the writing of Mr, 
Geo. Wharton Edwards, who stands at the head of 
American artist designers, and here, as usual, I 
found vertical letters with strong lines. 

From " Hammerton's Graphic Arts" I quote the 
following; " Besides harmony letters often exhibit 

allowed to examine any of the regular work tbey 
choose, and all but one of the visitors so far has said 
that the work throughout was beautiful. This is 
where we want our beauty, not in the catalogue. 

-1:4. — Now I take it for granted that those who are 
interested enough to spend their time in reading 
these articles have already made tests on my former 
siiggestions, and will make some on the dififerent 
style of vertical writing given here. 

45.— In the next number primary work will be 

Writing: as Taught in Public Schools of 
Leading American Cities. 

Reports for The Penman's Art Journal from 
City Superintendents of Schools. 


ESPECTING the teaching of writing 
in American public schools. The 
Journal presents herewith itsfifth 
installment of the poll of superin- 
tendents of schools. So many re- 
sponses have been received to the 
questions submitted that it is im- 
possible to give them as fast as received. We are 
selecting the replies from those who have the most 
pronounced opinions, who have tried vertical writ- 
ing, and have given the subjects under discussion 
the most thought. 
Below are the questions asked : 

ci/O' AAJJJJ^ /oy /oAXMy AM^ ^tojjjX' XvujJx, AArvixXhy AVruruT; 
JWuL yL/bOTKb Xruh /OuAAi/nX Xa Xfuy JiAxruimxy jm^ Auy. " 


Jx? .y^Axyiy xyC xO/rto aah/ Ay\AAXiX/ XXvLA/f ^oVyuX/i M/Y\An.\r; 


1 uxaJJb 0+- cUxti u>e. ttux^X Vkxsuoxy ouixxXi k/rLcrur; 


marked artistic qualities of other kinds: some are 
picturesque and others severe, some are delicate and 
elegant, others sturdy and massive, qualities which 
are all to be found in the highest kind of painting 
and sculpture and which add immensely to the in- 
terest and variety of nature itself." 

4 1 .—The skeleton letters and mathematically ex- 
act forms, as shown in nearly all the copybooks, are 
considered artistic mostly by Pen Artists (?) who 
spend a large part of their time flourishing all kinds 
of reptiles, birds and animals, with a maze of lines 
decorated with all sorts of gingerbread work, and 
who attempt to improve their lettering by throwing 
impo-ssible shades from them, and thereby violating 
one of the first principles of decorative art. Some 
have even gone so far as to throw what they call a 
ray shade from script letters. These are the persons 
who are most garrulous about the artistic and the 
graceful, and set themselves up as leaders of taste in 

miat Confititutea Grace anft Beauty In Writing? 

42.— But to get right down to the bottom of the 
matter, what is it they consider so graceful and 
beautiful ? Is it the fine line and shade of the script 
made by the engraver or by the penman who has 
spent a lifetime practicing forms he has never at- 
tempted to put to practical use? Or is it the ordi- 
nary every day work of the school pupil or graduate ? 
Every time you will find it is either of the first two, 
and never do we hear them eulogizing the work in 
the school pupils* scribblers or other ordinary school 
exercises. The copy books and compendiums 
printed with these so-called graceful hair line copies 
are like many illustrated catalogues we receive— the 
quality of the goods is all in tht^ representation ; we 
rarely see it in the actual thing. 

43.— The large number of U. S, and Canadian 
visitors investigating this matter in our schools are 
never shown even the special writing books, but are 

Firat.-Have you invcniigiitod the rlnlma ol vertical 
n riling to any vxteut ? It so, whiil ifi your opiuion 
of it? 

Second.— Has tliiH style of penniHUHfaip been tnllKht to 
niiy extent in your scbools f II so, how louii and with 
what rcMUltH f 

Third. - Arc copy-bookK used ecncrnlly iu ynui-HchoolH f 
It' so, on whiit dcsrcc ol slnnt arc the copies t (A sDccili- 
cation of the books used will Kivr us the desired iufurinif 
tion iu this connection.) And is the tcenernl tcudency 

?opJ " 

J^ort Smith, Ark. 

1. Gave the subject some little attention at the World's 
Fair. With this casual examination am inclined to be- 
lieve the method has considerable merit. 

3, No. Have been inclined to give tbe method a trial 
In one or more of our schools, but will determine this later, 

3. National copy-boobs are used. With beginners espe- 
cially the universal tendency is to write more vertically 
than the copy, J L. Holloway, 

Padueah, Ki/. 

1. I have investigated some of the vertical writing and 
am of the opinion that it would be easier to make good 
writers with that system than with the old slautiag one; 
that it is easier to read, and also much easier to see at a 

3, No. But I shall make an effort to introduce it. 

3. Eclectic copy-books {^>'i°) are used from third to sixth 
grade inclusive. The tendency of the pupils, 1 find, is to 
write less vertical than the copy, 

Geo. O. McBroom, SupH. 

Bamlllon, Ontario. 

1. Wo have to some extent. As to legibility It is a vast 
improvement. This commends it highly for schools, espe- 
cially in the lower grades. As to speed I am not yet in a 
po»ltioQ to speak with any degree of contidence as to rela- 
tive merits of the two systems, 

a. It bas been tried as an experiment in all the classes 
of our second book grade. Copybooks are not used in 
this grade, 

3. The vertical writing was introduced in the second 
grade, November or December last. So far as I have 
hesrd very few ot the teachers would willingly give it up. 

The primary teachers say that with 80 or t»0 per cent, of 
pupils beginning to write, the tendency is to -write almost 
vertically. W. H. Ballard, Injector. 


^ rents per nonpareil line. VS-'SO per Inch. 
'i for term and flpace. Special estimates 
No advertisement taken for less than $2. 
r *l: one number 10 cents. No free sara- 
k'cnts who are subscrlliers. to aid them In 

itlnK reduction will I., rilll.ii- ;l^ fi.llows: 

supposllli.ii l.cliiB llial llicvaie ncw'suhscrUjcrs! One nion'IP'snc.t: 
of discontinuance should l>e given, and the same notice for chau 


monthly. TTie Bu»ines» 

ti. We make a special 

'otntNALand Business 

N ^ ART JouRNALmay get 

pipMnne nnd clubs, are 

of address. 

The Bllsln< 

The subscription iirl. r 

Journal, Is $1 a year. N'. , ii.ii,.. 
combination rate of fl .".n i r 
JOURNAL. Presentsubscnt.. 
the new nnper by pnvliiL' i 

The ;il.,.,e riles. l.,,n, 

1 going 

iK; ',',','"' ' ,''"',', '•'•■-''■■:•"• '"•' "■'■ '.'ii. iMi. J',,„" ; ,;,n w'e'Spnr't 
would lH",'x.I^;.,lli,o'"' ', j'l"."" """ ""•"'"'":'" "' people. anS It 
track of'a'StltuSe or'smau"i'ic'o!lnL.''praVfv"'e'irno'i!e'vla\?OT 
from this rule. 

pur/rlencU u>(« save u» m..,* Irmible ami annoying delam and 

,t?™ij • pMiPiUV. LeJhr»,i,„l ,,11,,-r ,„„ll mailer thoMid be ad- 
dressed m tlie saiiU! way. al (.„.,( on the ....r.sldc of the package. 



The (freatest care is taken in entering subscriptions and 
addressing wrappers. In spite of this, mistakes will some- 
times occur. Sometimes they arise from the address having 
lieen incorrectly given by the agent. Occasionally the mis- 
take is ours. All these errors may be avoided if the sub- 
scriber will note the address of his paper and report imme- 
diately if it is in any respect defective. 

The address of subscriptions may be changed ns of t<>n as 
desired, but we should have n full month's advance notice as 
the wrappera are addi-esscd considerably in advance of pub- 
lication. If you can't give us a month's notice, please have 
that issue of .your paper forwarded. The remainder of the 
subscription moy be sent direct to your new address. 

Don't bother the agent about these matters. Nothing can 
be done until we get word about it. and you will save time 
and trouble by notifying us direct. We can't be responsible 
11 these precautions are neglected. 

Clubbing subscriptions received at a reduced rate are 
promptly cut off at the time of expiration. The margin 
would not Justify sending bills, but a notice of e.vpiration is 
given nnd we shall be glad to enter renewals. The reduced 
clubbing rate practically amounta to giving the Urst subscrip- 
tion at the cost of materials, the hope being that the sub- 
scriber will And the paper of sufficient value to Justify his 
renewing at the regular rate. 

This pnrngravh 
that ynnr nulMerli] 
l>e ginil to hiive yi 

work. Where eNe , 
Nioueyf ne wise T< 
make nil cbecU«. or.l. 

nrked with blue iieucil Indicntcn 
»u has expired, nnd that neehnll 
V rent'wnl, Subseribers nt SI nre 
. Club subscribers nt lower rnte 
inie 10 nttend In it than thin very 

son for kc 

r per 

ey 10. If you hnv 


Itortnnt factor in every day's 
yon get hnif so much for the 
1 V I Address all hnaineas nud 
cir.. i>nyRblp to the publlahers, 
I»..'i0'i Brondwny, New York. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 


by Williams & Rogers, Rochester, N. Y. Cloth", 
125 pp., with manual. Seventh edition. Price' 
This book is a complete manual of Pitman's Phonogra- 
pny. with Qll the important improvements of the past 
thirty years, conducting the pupil from the simplest rudi- 
ments of the art to the briefest and most rapid style of 
7^1* f- ^7^^ ^^*° °f ^^^ ^'oo*^ 's entirely different from 
loac or all other works on this subject. The rules are pro- 
mT/h?'^' ^"■'^"K^d ^^^ b*^e absolutely no exceptions, 
aud the unnecessary and perplexing division of the subject 
;,'J^^°^^*^o^'''^spondiDg and reporting styles has been abao- 

The book was prepared by William W. Osgoodby. and is 
'le result of his experience of nearly forty years as a 
'ima K^.^^^^erapber and teacher, thirty years of which 
^^L ^^ *^^^° ^^® official reporter of the New York 
l«rfl '"^^^"'■'^' ^*''' ^^^ ''"s*^ ten years he haa conducted a 
St work^"*^^^^^^"' shorthand school, in addition to bis 

nl« Llf^*^**''"^^°f t*^® "■'^•■*' ^a^'« been issued, which is am- 
^venth SSft?' its merits and popularity. The present, or 
»«venth edition, the preparation of which has occupied 

more than a year of close study and labor, ia the author's 
tioal revision. The work has been rewritten throughout, 
and is printed from entirely new plates. By a new proc- 
ess of engraving the exercises and illustrations present 
the most elegant specimens of shorthand work. In this 
edition of the work the reading exercises are given upon 
pages facing the rules, while copious and well arranged 
writing exercises are furnished, affording abundant range 
for selection by teachers for the varying needs of their 

Test Questions in Commercial Law, with Answers. 

Pub. by WiU'ams & Rogers, Rochester, N. Y. 

Paper, 62 pp. Price, 25 cents. 
This little book contains over 20 » of the more important 
questions in commercial law, with full and explicit an- 
swers to the same, arranged in convenient form for ready 
reference. The questions have been selected with great 
care, and they furnish an excellent medium to test stu- 
dents' knowledge of the subject. 

Bookkeeping Practice Guide for Business Practice 

Departments of Schools and Colleges. W. 

A. Ross, Proprietor Lynchburg, Vo., Bus. Coll., 

author and pub. Paper. 31 pp. Price, 50 cents 

Six sets of practical transactions, with instructions for 

manuscript and office work, make up this little book. 

The Phonographic Dictionary and Phrase Book. 
Part I. A to Breathlessly. By Benn Pitman and 
Jerome B. Howard. Pub, by the Phonographic In- 
stitute Company, Cincinnati, O. Paper, 4b pp. 
Sample price, 10 cents. 
When completed, this book will include all the words in 
the English language which are not obsolete or ultra 
technical. The spelling, accentuation, pronunciation, 
capitalization, phonographic representation, gramma- 
logues, reporting outlines, phrases, etc., are given. 

The Journal's Old Guard of Honor- 
First '95 Roll Call. 

This is the Nineteenth Annual Roll Call of The Journal's 
Old Guard of Honor. We are proud to be able to say that 
some of the schools which flfrure on the list below were rep- 
resented in the tlr-st list of the kind, printed nearly twenty 
years H*ro. Durinir nil these yeiirs The Journal's aim has 
been to give the penmanship profession the very best that 
could be obtained in all phjises of our art. We do not claim, 
and never have claimed, to have the cheapest paper. The 
Journal costs from two to three times us much as other 
papers in its line. We do not claim to be the only purveyor 
of good things in penmanship We do claim to give the very 
Best that can be obtained, regardless of expense, and our 
theory during all these years has been that there are enough 
high-grade schools and high-grade teachers who recognize 
and appreciate the best to justify the expense of providing 
it. Of course we have not always found this to be the case 
and. like others, have had our disappointments and sur- 
prises Nevertheless, wo feel immensely proud of the gener- 
ous, whole-hearted support of the penmanship and busi- 
ness-teaching profession which we have enjoyed for many 
yeai-8. We do\ibt if there is another class of paper published 
that covers its field more thoroughlv. or has a more loyal, 
enth\i9instic support from the best class of workers in its 
field than The PENsrAN's Art Journal, 

The last two years, especially the past year, will go down 
into history as a period of perhaps the severest commercial 
depre.98ion that our country has known, at least in our 
times. All classes of private schools dependent upon tuition 
receipts have felt this depression, and in many sections the 
commercial schools have been particularly hard hit. Never- 
" ' "' ' " has done very well. Its subscriptic 

lian it was last year, and the number of 
ar shows a considerable advance over 
In many cases the size of the 

list is 

thill > . . ^ ... 

chib-i Ills lii.ii -^i iM n' what smaller than'in other yeai-s. but ..^ 
feel liiKlily triiitihcd at the efforts of our friends, and now 
that times seem to be getting better, the clubbing outlook 
for the rest of this spring is more than usually good. 

We wish to give the fullest measure of credit to all the 
friends of The Journal— well-wishers of the Active sort— 
those who are not afraid of the little work necessary to intro- 
ducing the paper to their students. These, indeed, are the 
f i-iends that count. For whatever good there is to our pro- 
fession in the maintenance of a paper like The Penman's 
Art Jouhnai, they are in largest measure responsible, and 
we accord them the credit with pleasure. Thanks, kind 
friends, one and all. 

The banner installment for '95 numbers 232 and comes from 
our excellent friend. L. M. Thornburgh, of the Sponcerian B. 
C. Evansville. Ind. The size of this club shows that Mr 
Thornburgh is a very popular man. and that his students and 
friends repose great confidence in him when thev take his 
advice in such large numbers to subscribe for The Journal. 
He was rendered valuable assistance in securing this fine list 
by E. P. Timberman, Decorah. Ia., Institute: J. H. Everette 
associate principal Perry, la.. B. C, and L. D. Thornburgh 
HartsviUe, Ind., all students of Mr. Thornburgh's. They 

seem to ''"■■" "V.""..v.«-» .,,.~.-, -.P 1,:^ a — „_j 1. -_ 1. _ 

love fc 


The next club in size. 134. came from C. H. Allard. of the Gem 
<'ity H. ('., (^uincy. 111. The interest in penmanship is kept 
away above par in this well-known institution by Messrs. 
Mussclniiin. Behrensmever and Allnrd. and Mr. Allard sees 
that the studi'iMs :,rr sui>ii|jcd with good penmanship litera- 


and we kno 
Our friend. 
C. €.. drop: 

he Goldey, Wilmington, Del.. 

. fine showing for this, his 
first year in that school. A new friend in an old school. J, 
W. MlCiusHu. of the Bryant & Stratton B, C. Chicago, 

ing ii 

good a list from this school. Just _ _„ 

?Jies.seman of the Capital- City C. C. Des Moines, la. His 
list is 82. We always e.vpect Bro. G. to come to the 
front and he never fails us. Miss Lulu McCov of the State 
" , School. Huntaville. Tex., is next with 73, and C. C. 

lap behind is W. F. 

C. Cleveland. O., foUows 

Lister of the Spenc_ _ _. _.. . „, „., ^ 

with 72. Both are strong friends of The Journal. W. 
L. Starkey, the penman-inventor, of the High School 
Patei-son, N. J., falls in line vnth 59. A strong trio— A P 
Root, Pierce Coll. of Bus.. Phila.; A. H. Stephenson. B. & S 
B. C. Buffalo, N. Y,. and J. F. Barnhart. of Soul6 Coll.. New 
Orleans, La., are represented by clubs of the same numl>er— 
.W. W. J. Trainer. Caton B. C, Buffalo. N. Y.. is close be- 
hind with 57. Clubs of 55 are opposite the names of those 
splendid penmen. J. W. Lampman. Omaha, Neb., C. C. and 
B. F. Williams, of the N. I. Nor. Sch., Valparaiso, Ind. F. B. 


Moore, IndtRnapotis, Intl.. B. U., a strong supporter, con- 
tributes 41. tJ. G. Alexander, ot that big norraiil. the Chllll- 
cotUe, Mo.. Nor. School 40. J. W. Hobortson. Supervisor ot 
Writing. City Schools, Denver, Colo., 3!l. E. L. Jlooi-e. the 
new penman of the Iowa B. C. Des Moines, 36. I. H. Li|«l<y, 
Comer's C. C, Boston. Mass.. and F. M. Powell, Baker tint., 
Baldwin, Kan., 15. G. Milliraau, Pawtiukit. I!. I., 11 C ; C. 
E Webber. Garden Citv n i' , Sim .Tn=.'- i';,l m.! i' \ w.-s- 

seUFerrisInd. School, hiij l;npiil^ Mi, h . i r i i ,,,.■, 

lund, Kichiiiond, Ind.. It < .i \| \u i i w i , i,<r 

Packard's B. C, N. Y., nil. I .1 M Wnl. \\ ':.,l;,n Pi' 
B.CeachSi. E, E. Gnr.l mnll' M i'miiH,, v, i,,„|,|, m,,' 
B. U.;F. W. Martin. Cnn.. II 1 . I'.iriiiMur Mr amir v' 
Stewart. Arciiiliulii Ii r., Miliii. iiju.tis Minn .;' <i V Ihir- 
man. Cliw^ iin.l IVmil Inst., \,-w liil,Mn.i,' l.ii.. nnil W K. 
Gibson. .\\'r.klntU-V It r,. nnUijuui. Cjil ai C ll shat- 

tuck. Canililicll fni . Kan I /am nan \iilla.i-i 

Columbus, ().. :(0. A.A.rlail, Supi Wiiim- (i-iliml (I 
S. B. Fahnestock, McPli. i-"ii, Kan .( mH am! J .1 llian' 
Dakota Nor & B. U., Simi » lall. ^ imi, m i:,,, iii,.nii.- 
son. Acme B. C, Seattk'. w i-h , - i ii Cuiin.i- \irl 
Nor. Uni.. Lebanon,©., an.l I, I. Tih km \ i i; i \mvni, 

N. J.,27. H. Champlin,Sup'r Wiiiiim in, am. w .i 

Elliott, Cent. B. C, Toronto, llni , n,,l i., \\ Ki nmi 
Wood's B. C. Seranton, Pa., 20. c M 1 ma 1, ilnl,. li i 

Oil Cit.v, Pa„ 25. G. W.Ware, Snri w ,, iml innmni.', 

Ft. Worth, Tex., 24. Jno. K. Book. Da> ,l It 

Luckey, B. & S. B. C, Louisville, Ky.,iinil r \ Maim, Mm- 
neapolis, Minn., N. C. 23. ,1. C. Shumbei i;, i -, !, i m,m,, 
HaiTisburg, Pa., and P. F. Wildish, Met. It. i 1 1 , i , i , .-.'. 

P. T. Benton, Green Bav, Wis.. R. C. : II in 

Helena, Mont , B. C; D. \. (iriffltt«. c,,!! , i Vn-im 

Tex.,and J. H.Smith, Sullivan ,v 111, 111, m - i; i Mi, ma 
Ga.,20. FrancBarkman,Sii|i r Wi iiim , , i imiim,,,,!. Mah- 
F. J. Heacock, Butler. I'a.. It. i .; w i \i, i ui, .-.i a, o. 

Coll., and J. L. Townseml. Ililjiham \ \iiiil Tiumi 

Utah, W. H. S. Miller anil K. F. Hi.lianN. s.. Wr.;! II C. 
Wichita. Kan., in. A. A. Alii-rmninbi,.. Ilnlhinn lull Liiuls- 
bni-B. Kan.; E. E. Ferris. Wrstmn Xur. Cnll . i.incnln. N.-li., 
and W. L. Smith, .Spring Hoi.e. .N. ('.. 17. C. .\. French, 
ton. Mass., and C. R. Fvilsniii. Spencerian II. ('.. Hi A C. tie- 
genheiraer, N. W. Coll., Naper\ille, III ; B. F. McCormick, Y. 

Clubs of from ten to fifteen, none less than ten, have been 
received from the following: 

J. Aleock, Platfeville, Wis., B. n.; w. E. Allen, Stevens 
Point, Wis.. B. C; G.S.Arnold, Washington, D. C..C B. Bige- 
low, Westlield, III., B. C: W. G. Bishop and H. H. Peck (West. 
Nor. C), Shenandoah, In.; H A Rinhril;. N'rw London, Conn,, 
B. C; J. D, Bond, Sup'r. SI Paul. Mmn. c. A. Bornhard, 
Efflnghara, Kan., W. P. ( aniiili <i:il, atia-, Minn, B. C; 

A. H Davenport and D. r liil.i- inl I'tiv. Pa , B. C; L. J. 
Egelston, Rutland, Vt , Pm a a it i ■ ; l„ I :, l-ioneh, Draughon's 

B. C. Nashville, Tenn ; E H. Kntch. s. W. B. C St. Louis. 
Mo.: A. J. Hall. Covington, Ind.. Nor. Coll : J. H. King, B. C, 
Dallas. Tex.: C. W. KItt. Vinton, la : N. B. Leach, Cent. B. C 
Leavenworth. Kan.; P. Mcintosh, Central B. C, Stratford, 
Ont.; W. W. Merriam Nor. Coll., Bowling Green. Kv.: L. A. 
Prieraeau, Montreal, Can., H. E. Perrin. Sup'r. San Itcriiar- 
dino, Cal; J. A. Payne. Bus. Inst.. Andei-smi. linl ; i; w 
Snavely. Juniata B. C, Huntingdon, Pa.; i;. K. Dcninrv, 
ButTalo, N Y.,T. J Sullivan. Nelson's B. r.. Cnn innali. ri ; 

Miss Mary I. Stanton, El Paso, Te,\-- .1. H s, 1 num. Ni.r 

and Bus. Coll.. Denison, la.; A. 1' ^i.,l,l,iijii mipi. m- 

turawa, la.: C. A. Twining, B. C. ii.i m I' I m I! w imit. 

Fayette. Ia., A. C. Webb, Nashvillr. imiii , li mi, I' Wrimm. 

Wilberforce, O.. Univ.; vr. A. Wan 1. lull .11 111111.. 

Toronto, Ont.; C. P. Wiggins, Le.viiiat.m, Kv . li. C: .1. A. 
Willis, B. C. Auburn. N. Y.; A. R. Whitiuorc. U.C.Scrantou. 

In addition to the above we have received several large 
clubs that are held by request for additions ond will be an- 
nounced next month. We have also received a large number 
of clubs under fen— more than in any previous year. In 
many coses these are but starters, and will grow into ripe 
proportions during the next thirty days. We haven't room 


A Timely Article by n Mnn Who Know». 

In a late number of the American School and Col- 
leije Journal, St. Louis, we find the following inter- 
esting article on business education by one of the 
Nestors of American business education, D. L. Mus- 
selman, president of the Gem City Business College, 
Quincy, III. For more than a quarter of a century 
Mr. Musselman has been engaged in the field of 
practical education, and to-day is at the heail of a 
splendidly equipped business college, which occupies 
its own magnificent bailding — an institution which 
can point to thousands of graduates who have made 
successes in business and as teachers in other schools. 
In addition to his school work he has found time to 
prepare an admirable series of commercial text and 
reference books. The business college fraternity 
may well feel proud of so able a champion and rep- 
resentative as D. L. Musselman : 

Many years ago a young man from the "fatherland" 
came to Quincy without money, friends or an education 
and found employment as a hod carrier. To-day he is a 
wealthy banker and pays the largest tax of any man in his 
chosen city ; and " Uncle Joe " Rlcker is highly honored 
and respected by all Quincy and those who know him 
throughout the State. The force of circumstances coupled 
with the conditions of business and society in those early 
times, more than anything else, enabled our respected 
townsman, without the preparation of an education, to 
gradually accumulate property until he had amassed a 

Many young men stiU arrive in this country under sim- 
ilar circumstances, but the conditions of business and so- 
ciety are different now, and they continue to carry the 
hod. Times have changed, and to be successful at the 
present day in business pursuits a young man must be 
educated for business, he must be qualiOed. £ven the de- 
gree of proficiency [required to meet with 


changed in recent years, and a young man must possess 
better qualifications than formerly if be nould succeed. 

The curriculum of the commercial college of to-day is 
more thorough and comprehensive than twenty years ago. 
The demaodJi of the timei require it to be so, and the bet- 
ter cla«H of husine«s institutions of learning are increasing 
and strengthening their facilities and endeavoring to meet 
the demanrl by keeping abreast of the times. The old cry 
heard yeant ago that business college graduates were not 
qualitled as accountants and as business young men has 
changed, and business houses at the preaent day apply to 
the better class of business colleges for office help as ac- 
countants, Halesmen, stenographers, etc., with the con- 
fidence that their neerls will be fully met. 

The business college of to day is a national necessity, in- 
asmuch as it educates the youth of the land for practical 
business pursuits, and provides a place where btisineBS men 
may, themselves, educate their sons aud daughters for use- 
ful positions In their own offices and for the care of their 
businetu and property as they come into possession of it 
In former times business men undertook to train their 
sons In their own offices, but at the present time tbey send 
them to the practical business college wbere the facilities 
are far superior to any opportunities offered by a business 

We would not depreciate the value of a college or classi- 
cal education, for such is a necessary qualification for many 
of the professions ; yet the time and expense in securing it 
are so great that a large per cent, of the young people who 
desire to do for themselves in life are unable to secure it. 
A young man with a thorough business course of from six 
to twelve months, founded upon a good common school 
education, is, as a rule, better qualified to cope with the 
world alone than a Greek scholar who has spent years iu 
securing a classical education. One of the most highly ed- 
ucated men that ever resided in Quincy, after selling lead 
pencils on the streets for awhile for a livelihood, died in 
one of the city hospitals a pauper, while scores of lads iu 
their *' teens " were earning good salaries with only a busi- 
ness college education. 

Business education is a necessity, and the first class busi- 
ness college of to-day is supplying a legitimate demond. 
True, there are charlatans among business colleges, but 
there have been Judases for 1800 years, and will so continue 
to be m all lines of business, trades and professions. How- 
ever, the good should not be condemned on account of the 
spurious, and patrons should be discreet iu the selection of 
a school to attend. To meet the demand for better quali- 
fied young men and young women, several elegant com- 
mercial buildings have recently been erected iu America 
and splendidly equipped with all modern appliances aud 
conveniences for the students' comfort and accommodation 
while securing their business education. Experienced pro- 
fessors are employed, thorough courses of practical in 
struetion carefully laid out, large rooms fitted up with 
elegant oifico and banking furniture, where actual business 
practice and the banking business are thoroughly taught, 
and where the student, upon graduating, is thoroughly 
qualified and equipped for business pursuits and for earning 
good remuneration by faithful and competent services for 

his employer. 


Applicaiioii of .Miivi-mrnt to Correctly Written Forms. 

We present our readers of this issue with specimen copies 
reproduced from Ginn & Co.'s copy-books. In oflfering 
this series to educators, both author and publishers state 
that they are supplying a crying need of the public school 
room. Parents have demanded of school boards, and they 
in turn have demanded of teachers, that free hand writing 
be taught pupils under their instruction. To gain this 
desideratum both committee and teachers have turned from 
one system of copy-books to another, but, the author says, 
in each have been disappointed. As a consequence, in 
many schools the copy-book has been discarded, educators 
thinking better results could be obtained with free arm 
exercises on practice paper without competeut teaching 
and from poor copies. This, too, they have learued, dues 
not satisfy their want. It does provide a means for 
free arm movement, which the usual copy-book does not 
give, yet they sadly miss the correct forms of letters for 
the children to copy. The result has been that many 
students have gained a slidi )g movement, but the letters 
they make can hardly be recognized. Indeed it cannot be 
otherwise, for as pupils have passed through successive 
grades of school, each teacher has taught a different band- 
writing — her own style — until tbe children have a sort of 
" composite " style ot writing which can be read only with 
a good deal of study. 

The author states that Ginn & Co.'s copy-books were 
made to meet this exigency. Tneir fundamentil Jeature 
is application of movement to correctly written fornix. 
To gain this end, it will be observed, the copies are spaced 
more openly than it is custo-nary to find them in ordinary 
writing books. This open spacing is not exaggerated so as 
to make it objectionable in leoding pupils to acquire a 
band which allows them to write only two or three words 
across a sheet of paper ; but the copy makes it easy to 
teach and learn a running, legible hand. That the series 
is appreciated is proved, for schools that have not used 
copy-books for the last three years, waiting for such a set 
to appear, are now adopting these books. 

The " muscular" movement which has been taught for 
years by professional penmen is the approved movement 
of the series, and is thoroughly explained to teachers in a 
manual which accompanies the writing books. The man- 
ual contains a valuable set of lessons, and all is made so 
simple and plain that tbe student cannot fail to understand 
and improve his cbirography if he practices faithfully the 
suggestions it contains. Another beautiful feature of the 
booKs is an abbreviated set of capital letters which tbe 
author believes to be tbe simplest style ever introduced 
into copy-books. A word also as to mechanical execution. 
The publishers desire to call attention to the fact that while 
so many systems of writing are being taken from lithog- 
raphy and printed by other processes, Ginn & Co.'s books 
are pen ruled and printed from stone, thus insuring the 
best work possible in making such books. 

The series under consideration consists of seven regular 
numbers and four tracers. There are also three alternate 

numbers. A sample set will be gladly sent for examina- 
tion to any teacher applying for it, and any questions will 
be cheerfully answered by writing Mr. A. W. Clark, special 
agent for Ginn & Co., 13 Tremonl Place, Boston, Mass. 

.5THE , 


The February number of The Journal was hardly 
from the press before I repented of having been so 
rash in promising to be prompt in sending those stick 
pins. I crowed before I was out of the woods. The 
•' second edition'' was exhausted in "no time," and 
we were obliged to put the manufacturer at work on 
the third order. We are ready for you once more: 
come on. The pin in silver and one sub, $1; in gold 
ror two subs and $'2\ or one sub. for two years; or $1 
now and $1 at beerinning of second year. Pin and 
Journal mailed to diflferent addresses if desired. 

It is as difficult to tell what will be a taking pre- 
mium as it is to pick out a successful popular song 
— before it's published. We've hit it nicely with 
onr stick pio. and orders have been pouring in from 
all parts of the country. Present subscribers may 
extend their subscriptions and secure the pin as 
premium. See cat and full particulars in our adver- 
tising columns. 

To every one who knows anything about engraving, 
tbe name McLees is a byword. Two or three gener- 
ations of engravers have borne that name, and we 
are glad to be able to say that the present scions of 
the house are upholding the reputation of their 
fathers. Mr. Frank McLees bas associated with him 
two of his brothers, and in future the business will 
be known as Frank McLees & Bros. The business 
has been strengthened by a full equipment for tbe 
making of relief plates by the wax process — a method 
much employed m the production of the more deli- 
cate grades ot script. It hasbeen a common complaint 
for a long time that there was hardly anybody in the 
business of making wax plates who had a sufficient 
technical knowledge of script to preserve the fine 
points of copy which they were employed to repro- 
duce, and as a result a great deal of this work has 
been botched. We know of no one so well qualified 
by traming and experience to handle this class of 
work as the McLeeses, and now that they are able to 
build up their own plates as well as to cut them, 
they ought to get the lion's share of the business. 




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If you haven't seen The Business Journal you'ye 
missed something, 

" Carhart's Class Book of Commercial Law " is a 
good book. It has the essentials of the subject com- 
pressed into small space. Many of the largest 
business schools nsa it and it is selling well, 
and this, too, without any special booming. By 
addressing C. V. Carhart, publisher, 423 Clinton ave- 
nue, Albany, N, Y., and inclosing 3.5 cents you can 
get a sample copy. 

In answer to " Susie M." and " James B.," I desire 
to siy that the writing on the wrappers of The 
.Journal is not that of the Editors or the Business 
Manager. Strange as it may seem, the Editors 
manage to keep busy at other things, and hence are 
deprived of the pleasure of Hourishing a bird or put- 
ting a sample of ornamental writing on each 
wrapper sent out. 

The announcement made in the February Journal 
of the new patented business practice apparatus be- 
ing put on the market by Messrs. Warren H. Sadler 
and H. M. Rowe has aroused great interest and some 
little curiosity. I guess we're all worse than the 
ladies when it comes to curiosity. Out with it, Bro. 
Sadler ; don't keep ua in suspense. 

We cannot give names and addresses of firms in 
this column. We must be excused from deciding 
which brand of pens, inks, etc., is " best."' Consult 
our advertising columns, send for catalogues, circu- 
lars, etc., sample the articles where possible, and 
then — decide for yourself. 


WImt iB Considered n "Good Hniid" in lusurunce 


1 OUNG men who are fine writers are 
in demand in insurance offices as 
correspondents and policy writers. 
In the home offices of all large in- 
surance companies may be found 
several expert penmen who till out 
the policies. The writing is usu- 
ally in the professional, dashy style, although fre- 
quently the more slow, shaded round hand is used 
and occasionally some of the more rapid styles of 
lettering are introduced. 

We asked for samples of " genuine every-day busi- 
ness writing." (See copy of letter herewith ) These 
samples are presented e.vactli/ as they came to us. 
Each company is represented by all of the specimens 
sent. We have a few more specimens, but the com- 
panies sending them neglected to put their names on 
the packages, hence we do not know to whom to give 
credit. However, the specimens presented in this 
issue are fairly representative of the entire lot. 

Following is a copy of the letter that brought the 

New York Life Insurance Co., New York City. 

Dear Sirs: The Penman's Art Journal is collecttDg 
material for a series of illustrated ai-ticles showing the 
styles of writing that are current in large busiuess estab- 
lishments at home and abroad An important feature in 
this seriesof illustratious will be the writing of American 
clerks, bookkeepers and general offi:e help. 

We write toask you to do us tbe favor of securing two 
lines of rapid business writing from each of three or 
four of the host liusiness writers in your establisbraent. 
Please do not let them know that these specimens are for 
publication, as that would destroy their value to us. We 
don't want dress parade writing, but genuine every-day 


i writing. 


For the sake 
lines : " Permission is hereby'; 

Will you please have the writing done with good black 
ink on tbe inclosed slip of paper and mail at earhest con- 
venience in inclosed envelope without folding J 
Respectfully yours. 

Penman's Art Journal. 

Permanent List. 

To subscribers on our permanent or professional 
list. The Journal is mailed until we have instruc- 
tions to the contrary. We don't cut off the paper as 
in the case of club subscribers at the reduced rate, 
but send a bill. No subscription received for less 
than the full price of if 1 can be entered on this list 
and the subscriber is entitled to a premium. There 
are some subscriptions on this list which have been 
overdue a few months. We ask our friends to favor 
"8 with prompt remittance, as the little margin on 
so small a matter is very soon destroyed if we have 
to duplicate bills or enter into correspondence. 





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School and Personal. 

HA]>E IS Journal office,] 

UITE a number of schools report that, 
notwithstaDdine the finaDcial strin- 
i;ency, they ha%e a larger attendance 
than ever before. E. E. Childs of 
Childs' Bus. Coll . SpriDgfleld, Mass., 
says that hebas the largest attendance 
in the history of his school and has 
been compelled to add another room 
90 X 30 feet for the accommodation ot 
his business practice department. W. 
V -vKi,! < 1 I nil '^hamokin, Pa., Bus. Coll. has every seat 
full and appliL-auts waiting for Qdmission. He will move 
his school to Iflrt;er (luarters April 1. Out in drought 
stricken Nobra-ska A. M. Hargia of the Grand Island Bus. 
i)o\\. states that the attendance is 25 per cent, ahead of last 
year. A handsome and expensive catalogue just received 
from this whool sbowH every evidence of prosiwrity. The 
Indianapolis, Ind., Bus. Uni., K. J. Heeb, principat, is in 
temporary (juarters for a few weeks while their permanent 
home, the " When " Block, is remodeled. Thirty thousand 
dollars are being spent on alterations and Mr. Heeb 
thinks his school will have a very fine habitation when the 
decorations are comjileted. Several new schools have 
opened and the situation on the whole seems to be improv- 
ing at a moderate pace. 

— George Swayze, the original of the portrait shown here, 

was b jrn in Uayuga Co., N. Y., 39 years ago. He taught 

, — --., for ten years in the public 

'^ schools before deciding to 

take up commercial work. 

He held the highest grade 

\ teachers' certificate and 

^-^ was considered a first class 

\ teacher. Deciding to join 

the ranks of the commer- 

^ oial teachers be entered the 

Rochester Business Univer- 

ty, where he completed 


1K89. He was immediately 
called to the Genesee Bus. 
Coll., Lima, N, Y., and 
after one year in a subordi- 
nate position WHS elected principal of the school, a position 
he still (Ills to the satisfation of all concerned. 

— Through the courtesy of E. L, Glick we have received 
invitations and tickets to the eighth annual reunion and 
dancing party of the Caton Euclid Ave. B. C, Cleveland, 

— The Joplin, Mo., B. C. was recently burned out, but 
FrinciiMil W. T. Thomas showed his pluck by opening a 
school one day after io another building. 

— W. C- Huckman, for maoy years connected with the 
Alamo B. C, Sau ALtonio, Texas, is now manager at the 
Ban Antonio B. C., owned by the San Antonio B. C. Co. 

— J. F. GritTen of the Meriden, Conn., B. C. has started 
another school known as the Derby, Conn., B. C. 

— The Clearfield, Pa., B. C, has been purchased by I. 
W. Gillespie, recently penman at the Du Bois, Pa., B. C. 

— Leo's B. C. Seattle, Wash., is the new name of the 
school formerly known as the Seattle Shorthand Inst. 

— H. B. Bronson is conducting a class in Bookkeeping 
at Thornton, Ind. 

— E. H. Ealy, penman of the State Normal School, 
Cape Girardeau, Mo , is working up great interest in writ- 
ing not only in his own school, but throughout his section 
of ihev^tate. He visits teachers' institutes and does every- 
thing; be can to help teachei-s in methods of teacbing 

— The Pittsburgh, Kan., B. C. with O. S. Johnson, pro- 
prietor, and E. R. Sanford, penmau, is the newest B. C. in 

— D. H. Snoke has disponed of his interest in the Ball B. 
C, Muncio. Ind.. and J. W. Hooke is now president, as 
well a< penman. Mr, Snoke will engage for several 
months in life insurance work, in order to get out doors. 
Close coiifiuement in the school room has injured his 

— J. C. Kane, for many years with Eaton & Burnett B. 
C, is now conducting a school of his own at 22 West. Lex- 
ington street, Baltimore, known as Kane's B. C. He re- 
ports a successful school so far and bright 

Erospects abend. A neat catalogue nas 
een received from this institution. 

— K. H. Bliss, formerly of Saginaw, 
Mich., and C. A. Bliss, lately of Water 
bury. Conn., have re<'entlv established the 
Bliss B. C. at North Adams, Mass. K 
A. Curtis, lately of Conneaut, Ohio, and 
St. Johns, Mich., is penman of the school 

— We have had a very pleasant call 
from C. T. (,:raigen. prin of com'l dep't of 
the Peekskill, N. Y., Mil. Acad. Mr. C 
becomes prin. of the com'l dep't of the 
Siwnce & Peaslee B. C. Salem. Mass.. 
Mar. 11. As long ago as 1ST6 Mr. Crai- 
gon was connected with G. A. Gaskell as 
teacher at Manchester. N. H. He came 
with Mr. Gaskell to Jersey Clly and 
worked in the business colleg'e and on the 
old rcmuan's Gazetle. It was ahovit this 
time that Palmer. Madaraszand Dennis— 
that wonderful trio of penmen — 
being brought out. 

— That penmanship as a profession is 
looking up may be seen ou every hand. 
One of the latest innovations is the adding 
of a penmanship department to S. E. 

Olson Co.'s big Minneapolis. Minn., department store. We 
think this is the first store to have such a regular depart- 
ment. Who will be next i S. E. Ofstad is the penman in 

— Pike County, Missouri, is the birthplace of C. H. Bhat- 
tuck, secretary and one-third owner of Campbell Uni- 
versity, Bolton, Kansas. He graduated from the Van- 
dalia, Mo., High School, and spent one year in Watson 
Seminary. Ashley. Mo. In 1888 he completed the business 
course in the Gem City Bus. Col., and spent 18s9 organiz- 
ing and teaching writing cla.<ses, clearing about $€0 a 
month. In '00 he took the uormal penmanship course at 
Quincy under Mr. Schofield. The same year he was elected 
principal of the commercial department of Campbell Uni.. 
devoting his spare time to the study of mathematics and 
laoguaKes. In 1891 he opened a school of penmanship iu 
connection with his other work. In 1893 he obtained a 
leave of absence and completed the professional course in 
the Zanerian Aj*t College. 

In addition to being proficient in all branches of penman- 
ship, he is an accountant, writes the Eclectic, Pitman, 
Graham and Fernin sys^tems of shorthaud, and can teach 
the English branches, German. Latin and Greek. He in- 
herited his love of penmanship and art from his father's 
family, many of whom are excellent writers. Geo. H. 
Shattuck, whose name is on the cover of all Speucerian 
copy-books, is one of them. The subject of our sketch first 
practiced from copies written by his father (who is yet a 
most excellent penman) and nest followed Gaskell's Com- 
pendium. Mr. Shattuck is now teaching bookkeeping and 
penmanship, giving the latter depai'tmeut mostof his time. 
The portrait presented here is from his own pen. On this 
page of The Journal will be found a sample of brush 
work, showing the skill of one of his pupils. 

— Among recent callers at our office were : K. E. But- 
rick, late penman of Spencerian B. C. Yonkers, N. Y. ; H. 
W. Patten, penman. Dr. Browning's School, 29 West Fifty- 
fifth street, New York, C. T. Craigen, Peekskill, N. Y.; 
J. M. Vincent, Packard's B. C, W. C. Bostwick and 
Maurice Hanway, Walworth's B. C, H. C. Spencer. N. Y. 
B. C. and Hobart Webster, all of New York, and J. H.. 
Smith, late of Sullivan & Crichton'a B. C. Atlanta, Ga. 

— C. E. Lowe, formerly prin. of com'l and pen. dep'ts of 
the S. W. Kan. Coll, Winfield, Kan,, has been elected 
prin. of the So. West. B. C. Wichita. Kan., until recently 
owned and conducted by E. H. Fritch. A number of 
Wichita's busine&s men own the institution and will give 
Mr. Lowe ample opportunity to build up u great business 
school. Mr. Fritch will confine his attentions lo his St. 
Louis school which bears the same name. 

— Geo. W. Burke. Jr., a graduate of the Goldey Wil- 
mington. Del., C. C, and until lately a teacher in Wade's 
Wilkes Barre, Pa., B. C, has opened a new school known 
as the Mahony City, Pa., Com'l Coll. 

— The Jacksonville Dailif Florida Citizen of February 
15 contains an interesting write-up in interview form, of 
the Massey B. C, of which J. L. Latham is the principal. 
Although a new school, it is a successful one. 

— The Daily Sun of Belleville, Canada, tells of a very 
enjoyable event which recently occurred at The Belleville 
B. C. The faculty presented Mrs. Robert Bogle a very 
beautiful and costly five o'clock tea service and trav, and 
an artistic and skillfully executed card (the work of pen- 
man W. S. Lalonde) was presented to Mr. and Mrs. Bogle, 

— B F. Williams, for so long the penman of the N. L 
Nor. School. Valparaiso. Ind., will resign at the close of the 
present school year to enter Harvam University for a 
course in language, literature and history. The profession 
can ill afford to lose such able and cultured a representative 
as Mr. Williams and we hope that bis retirement is but 
temporary. Fielding Schofield, the widely known, all- 
round penman, will lake Mr. Williams' place, beginning 
in September, and this is a guarantee that the interest of 
the pen will receive every attention at Valparaiso. 

— Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Russell, Auburn, R. I., are re- 
joicing over the arrival of a son, Geo. Fielding Russell, 
whose advent dates from January 19. 

— Our friend of many years, Warren H. Lamson, for a 
long time a prominent figure in the penmanship profession 
and Supvr. of Writing in the public schools of Bridgeport, 
Conn., has been incapacitated for work of this kind for a 
long time by paralysis. In connection with Mrs. Lamson, 
a woman of business tact, he has built up a prosperous 
business in the city mentioned, constructing dwelling 
houses. We have received a handsome illustrated souve- 
nir from this source and are much pleased to note the pros- 
perity of our friends. 

Mofcntvntu of the TetichffS. 

Miss Laura Taylor, a sister of A. D. Taylor, and who has 
been connected with the Breck School. Wilder, Minn., is 

now a student in Highland Park N. C, Des Moines, la. 

C. R. McCullough is now sole proprietor of the Hamilton. 

Ont., B. C. Chas. B. Hall has purchased the Spencerian 

B. C, Yonkers, N. Y., from A. L. Spencer. — - J. ClifTord 
Kennedy of Cleveland. O., is teacher of shorthand in 
Clark's B. C.. Phila., Pa. H. G.Stewart of Rat Port- 
age, Minn., is now bookkeeping for a lumber company at 

Gull River, Minn., but will teach next year. F. W. 

Hayne has sold the Cairo, 111., B. C.,of which he was pro- 
prietor. J. A. Elston has severed his connection with 

the Canton, Mo., C. C, and now devotes himself to organ- 
izing classes. A. E. Galbraith succeeds A. D. Skeels as 

penman at the Canada B. C, Chatham, Ont. E. J. Eog- 

lund of the Richmond. Ind., B. C. succeeds G. S. McClure 

as peuman of the School of Com. , Harrisburg, Pa. H. F. 

Spencer is the new penman of the Lexington, Ky. , B. C. , the 
former penman, C. F. W iggins, being the teacher of short- 
hand in that institution. O. A. B. Sparboe is no longer 

connected with the Marshall, Mich., B. C, and the institu- 
tion has closed its doors. L. F. Schrader is teacher of 

shorthand in the State Reformatory, St. Cloud, Minn. 

P. A. Westrope of Albany, Mo., is penman of the Atlan- 
tic, la., B. C. F. T. McEvoy is the new penman of the 

Niagara B. C, Niagara Falls, N. Y. L. L. Miller is 

conducting the University B. C, the com'l dep^t of Uni. 

of Denver. Colo. S. L. Brown is prin. of com'l dep't of 

Lingleville, Tex., High School. A. D. Green is no longer 

associated with the Central B. C, Stratford. Out., and is 

not teaching this year. A. B. Johnson is itinerating 

through Georgia, and has a class at Marshallville at prea- 

«nt. L. D. Teter, penman of the Rock Island, 111.. B. U., 

is studying penmanship with H. S. Blanchard of Hopkm- 
ton, la.— — U. M. Murray and E. E. Smallwood are "on 
the road" teaching classes, and when last beard from were 

at Ash Grove, Mo. Bernard M. West is prin. of com'l 

dep't of Mt. St. Mary's, Md., Coll. J. M. Wiley, re- 
cently of the Green Bay. Wis., B. C , is once more teach- 
ing in the Washington, Pa., B. C— R. J. Bennett of the 
Ottawa, Out., B. C is now in mercantileand art work in 

San Jose, Cal. E. F. Warren, late prin. of com'l dep't 

York, Neb.. Coll., is now ass't treas. and bookkeeper of 

Western Coll., Toledo, la. J. H. Smith of the Sullivan 

& Crichton B. C, Atlanta, Ga , has resigned, temporarily, 

because of ill health. J. A. Beck, late of the Omaha, 

Neb., Coll. of Shorthand, has been elected prin. of the short- 
hand and com'l dep'ts of the So. Omaha, Neb., High School. 

D. D. Darby, the penman, is studying law in Sidney, 

la. G. D. Stout has transferred hii allegiance from the 

No. West. Coll. of Com., Grand Forks, No. Dak., to Coll. 

of Com., Boone, la. R, N. Hadley, a recent graduate of 

the Atlanta, Ga., B. C, nas been elected prin. of com'l 
dep't of Apnalachicola, Fla., High School and Com'l Coll. 

W. S. Haynes, late of Afton, la., and Aurora, III., is 

now connected with the Kittauning, Pa.. B. C. Frank B. 

Rogers of Boston, but recently a teacher in Jones B. C, 
Chicago, is the new penman of the Marion. Ind., B. C. 

Nt-tr Ctitttloyms. School ,Tournafs, Etc. 

Well arranged and nicely gotten up catalogues or book- 
lets have been received from the following institutions : 
Curry University, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Columbia Coll. of 
Com., Grand Rapids, Mich.; Griflitts' Coll. of Com., 
Austin, Tex.; Trinidad, Col., Actual Business College. 

Business like school journals have been received from 
the following colleges: Speucerian B. C, Cleveland, 
Ohio; Winfield, Kan.. B. C; Bixler B. C, Wooster, Ohio ; 
Shenandoah Inst.. Dayton. Va. ; Detroit, Mich., B. U.; 
OriJBtts' Coll. of Com., Austin, Tex.; Coll. of Com., Port- 


■) q:^iC Q^icuuiS 


age, Wis.; Clinton, la., B. C. ; Keystone B. C, Lancaster, 
yfk.\ Oskalousa, Iowa, 6. C. 


In the February number of The Journal we made 
brief mention of the death of Prof. E. W. Smith, at his 
home in LeiinRton, Ky.. ou January 27. The Lexington 
and Georgetown. O., papers devoted columns of space to 
accounts of his life and funeral. He died after an illness 
of twelve days from a complication of heart trouble and 
congestion ol the lungs. 

Ephraim Waldo Smith was born in Haddam, Conn., in 
lH2(f, of revolutiooary stock. At an early age he engaged 
in the cotton Imsine&s in Louisiana, and soon after located 
at Lexington. Ky., where he first engaged in the mercantile 
and flour milling business. About ihis time te married 
Miss Margaret Love, who died fifteen years ago. Two 
children survive— Mrs Delia Smith Chapman of Higgins- 
port. O., and Wilbur R. Smith of Lexington. For ten 
years be couducttd a college in Cincinnati and at different 
times he was engaged in mercantile pursuits in the Ohio 
valley. He organized the Commercial College of Kentucky 
University over 30 years ago, and remained principal of it 
to the time of his d-^ath. Funeral services were held at the 
home of his son, WilLur R. Smith, at Lexington, and at 
the Presbyterian Church of Higginsport, O. His remains 
were interred at Higginsport. 


On January 15, at her home in Charles City, Iowa, Mrs. 
J. H. Baris, wife of Mr. J. H. Baris, principal of penman- 
ship and commercial departments of Charles City College, 
passed away. She was twenty-nine years of age, and was 
married to Mr. Baris in IStti. Two children, a son aged five 
and a daughter of eighteen months, are deprived of a 
mother's love and care. The local papers are eloquent in 
her praise, as daughter, wife and mother. 

To Mr. Baris we extend our sympathy. 


ERY odd, peculiar and yet artistic is the 
pen portrait of Wasliiiigton, which ap- 
peared in The Illvstrated Bvffalo, 
N. v.. Express, Fkh. 17. W.J. Trainer, 
of Ca ton's Bus. Coll., of that city, is 
the artist. The portrait is circular in 
form, was nine inches in diameter as it 
appeared in the Express^ and what 
lends it a charm is the odd manner in which the likeness 
was produced. The Declaration of Independence forms 
the portrait and border, and light and shade are produced 
by light line or heavily shaded letters. Not another stroke 
is used. 

— J. B. Mack, of the Nashua. N. H., B. C, sends letter, 
business and ornaraeutal capitals, signatures and flourish- 
all well done. 

— W. A. Ripley, Huntiugdon, W. Va., now with Zaner, 
sends several styles of well executed writing. He says 
The Journal first inspired him, and to it he attributes 
his success. He has started well and will make his mark, 
we feel sure. 

— G. McCIure, recently nenman of School of Com.. 
Harrisburg. Pa., whose excellent nork we have mentioned 
several times, sends seven or eight styles of writing, and 
all are good. Mr. McCIure is no louder connected with the 
Harrisburg school, but is now at his home in Beaver Falls, 
Pa., where he will rest for a short time. 

— A half-tone engraving of a full-length portrait of 
General Grant is at baud from C. S. Perry, Winfleld, Kan. 
The original, which mu&t have been a fine piece of work, 
was made with a cjnimonpen. 

— D. M, Keefer, Montgomery, Ala., drops in, as his 
contribution, a letter, flourish, cards and some shaded 
round handwriting— all good. 

— Signatures, cards and letters from F. A. Westrope, 
Atlantic, la., show that he is a fine writer and is improving 

— F. R. Fulmer, Arroyo, Pa., sends cards in varicus 
styles, a flourish neatly done and a nicely written letter. 

— E. M. Coulter, of the St. Joseph, Mo., B. U., is master 
of two beautiful styles of writing — a rapid, graceful busi- 
ness hand and a dasby, accurate and delicate professional 

— E. E. French, of Draughon's B. C, Nashville, Tenn., 
spreads some ink around in a way to bring out some nice 
elTects in writing and flourishing. 

— From a great big batch of letters we sift out the follow- 
ing: C. G. Price, Atlanta, Ga., dasby professional style; 
H. C. Spencer, New York, handsomely written professional 
style; C. C. Lister. Cleveland, Ohio, elegant one. business 
writing; H. D. Allison, Dublin. N. H., graceful semi-pro- 
fessional; A. D. Skeels, Grand Rapids, Mich., two, in his 
accurate style; W. H. Beacom, Wilmington, Del., two. in 
a graceful business band. Among the other well wi-itten 
letters were those received from: E. S. Hewen, Little 
Rock. Ark.; W. S. Turner, Columbus, Ohio; T. Courtney, 
Flmt, Mich.; L. W. Hallett, Elmira, N. Y. ; N. L. Rich- 

mood. Kankakee, III.; G. M. Clark. Tug River, W, Va, 
W. Wells. Virden, 111 ; J. E. McBurney, Millersville, Pa, 
' — Among the month's contributors of card writing are; 
C. R. Runnells, Chicago; J. F. Hutzler, Butler, Pa.; L. J, 
EgeUton, Rutland, Vt. : E. E French, Nashville, Tenn, 
W. M. Engel. Reading, Pa. ; H. F. Gilman, Redington, Neb. 
ElIaE. Calkins, Lacelle, la. 

Stuilvuts^ Sjtvrtintns. 

— E. L Moore, penman of the Iowa B. C, Des Moines, 
la., submits a package of students' writing, showing im- 
provement made in a few months. These specimens were 
originally prepared for a contest for two gold medals 
offered by the school. Miss Rebecca Lynch won the medal 
for the best writing and Miss Jessie Havens the medal for 
roost improvement. All of the writing is good, but among 
the best we might mention: Woodie Rover, Clellie M. 
Stivers, E. F. Lasbewitz, Ferd. Dunber. F. Niles. D. A. 
Johnson, \Vm. Jones and H. E. Benson. Mr. Moore has 
been successful in stirring up great enthusiasm in his 
classes, and the workbeforeus shows that he has guided his 
enthusiastic students into a splendid business handwriting. 
*' — A. F. Gauthier, Mamie Kpuyon, Eva B. Clark and 
Ellen C. Brennan, pupils of G. Milkman in the Pawtucket, 
R. t.. Bus. Coll , are good writers 

— J. M. Vincent of Packard's Bus. Coll. New York, 
dropped in to see us the other day and left as a memento 
two large packages of as fine bu^^iness writiug as we have 



mmercial Script. 

give for this uiouth'8 lesson a va- 
riety of practical examples of 
display script — something that 
is never a drug' on the market, 
but always among the first of a penman's wares that 
have a ready sale and bring prolific returns. 

Begin this lesson by practicing the outline forms. 
Take the line "The National Inn" and pencil it out 
nicely before nsing ink, and take care that the slant 
and spacing are uniform. If you are a beginner it 
would be well to draw slant lines with a hard pencil 
about ;x of an inch apart to guide you and erase 
them after the work is complete. 

When you make a satisfactory line of lettering in 
outline try the different styles of finishing shown in 


rJ ySa/i^ai^i^ 


ever seen. The copy is a five line quotation from Gibbon, 
and is written four times on a sheet of foolscap paper by 
each student in Mr. Vincent's department (the advanced 
theory and business practice) as well as by each student in 
the writing class maintained for the shorthand department. 
The work is uuiform throughout each package, but the 
business students, as would naturally be expected, are the 
better writei's. The most notable points about these speci- 
mens are t bat each and evei y student in both classes is rep- 
resented, that the copy is a long one— five Hnes^making 
a good test for body writing, and that it is impossible to 
tell the writing of the young women from that of the 
young men. Mr. Vincent and the tpachers in the other 
departments (for they all teach writing), as well as the 
students and the Packard College, are to be congratulated 
upon having so correct an ideal of what genuine business 
writing is, and upon having so nearly attained this ideal. 

— G. S. McCIure, of the School of Com., Harrisburg, 
Pa., is proud of the business writiug of W. H. Fitzimous. 
It is good. But in Charles Yoder Mr. McCIure has brought 
to light a prodigy in drawing. Although Master Yoder is 
but seven years old, be is able to draw, free hand, such 
objects as animal heads, etc. If the head of a doe sent us 
is a sample, we feel certain that this boy has a bright 
artistic future. 

the copy and, also iuveat some of your owa. Now 
take the line " Harkless. Allen & Co.," and pass it 
through a few phases of finishing by first making it 
in open outline, then apply finishing shown in " Ori- 
ental Bazaar."' and lastly, till in outlines solid as it 
appears in the copy. 

Do not allow the copies in this lesson to limit your 
practice, but look about you for new models. Try 
The Journal heading on page 55. 

The advertising pages of our leading magazines 
are always beaming with pretty and attractive 
script specimens from which every young pen artist 
can gain much inspiration. Theater and circus 
posters often contain valuable ideas in script work, 
and even farm machinery is not always bereft of the 
beautiful. One of the writer's early lessons in script 
lettering was gleaned from a Wood Harvester. The 
enthusiastic pen worker will have no trouble in 
finding material for practice. Do not be satisfied 
with copymg other people's work, but inv»*nt styles 
of your own. Commercial script knows no standard. 

nEflTn'5 VEKTlCflL WRITINQ B00K5. 

We hav 

and R. K. ROW. 

pleasure in announcing that we shall publish boon a series of copy books in Vertical Writing, and that we are sparing no effort or 
cost to make them vastly superior in every way to anything that has as yet been published. The sudden demand for books in upright writing has 
called forth a number of systems hastily prepared by persons who have had no experience in teaching the New Style, often by men who do not 
themselves believe in it, for publishers who are more eager to catch the market than to supply to the schools books which will win increasing 
approval because they insure the best possible training. 

Our books have been growing slowly, steadily, for nearly two and a half years. They are the result of the combined labors during that 
time of two well-known teachers who have been experimenting for a long time with thousands of children of all school ages. Their motto has 
: ' Prove all things ; hold fast that which is good." 


D. C. HEATH &. CO., Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicago. 

been ; 




/fQ-0 xP 




By learning how to write with a Knife. Send oOc. and I will send jou lee- 
sons, so that you will be able to write beautiful cards with a knife or make 
beautiful designs. You can earn from $i to $io a day at it. I am the 
originator of tlie Art of "Castronography." I offer $100 to any person 
that can do work equal to mine and let D. T. Ames be the judge. Imitators 
send 50c. and let me show yon how little you know of a beautiful art. A 
sample sent for 35c. in stamps. 

Q. MILKMAN, Principal Pawtiicket Business College, Pawtucket, R. I, 

1 the U. '^. and Europe, who ha 
"The King of the Knife." 



Have pleasure In announcing Ihat they engrave not only Copy-lines on Metal and by the WaxRelie 
Process, Flourished Signatures on steel, etc.. but that they are makers of Polite Stationery as well. 

Tlaitins CtirttH. WctUlins Stationery, Invimtioas and ProKi-umiiics loi 
nieulHt CorreHiton deuce Stntionery frtainped in ColorHi 

chool Eu 

Orders also solicited for all kinds of high-grade Commercial Printing. Lithographing, Checks, Draft- 
Business Card.H, Noie and Bill Headlugs, Diplomas, Account Books, etc. For samples and prices address a^ 
above to either 



For Window Signs, Price Cards, Notices, Pack- 
affcs, Bulletin Work, etc , has no equal. U.scs 
fluid ink. pocket size, made entirely of metal and 
nickel, will not wear out. 

1 Fountain Markinp: Pen complete. 


1 large sheet containing plain and fancy alpha- 
bets with instructions mailed in neat case for 
only 25 cents. 

Biff money in this for agents, as every mer- 
chant, express, real estate offices, etc.. want one 
or more. Just the thing to become an expert 
marker with. Ask for terms when ordering. 
Sizes S-16 to 6-16 width stroke. 

10 Sandusky St., Allegheny, Pa. 


$70.00 IN PRIZES. 

We will award $50.00 as a first prize and $20.00 in others 
for the best written treatise or instruction on common sense 
Penmanship that is best adapted to every-day business use. 

The ideas must be new, fresh and original, and must have 
proper illustrations from the pen of the writer. 

Competition is open to every one. 

If you are interested, enclose at once a two-cent stamp 
and receive by return mail a copy of the conditions 
of the contest. 


43 South rieridian Street, 

Keeps ink tigiitly corked 
while yuu use it. Ink 
always fresh, clean 
and iliild. Noevap- 
oration. No drops 
fi\)in the pen. 
N<» Inky Finders. 
( ';miiot injure the 
IKiint of the pen. 
it bottle tips over 
Ink Cannot Spill. 


Saves it cost over and 
over. Made of the best 
soft rubber with glass 

, funnel ; will last for 
years. In four sizes to 
fltanyink well. Sample 

|by mail, 25 cents. "With 
handsome glass ink well. 
60 cents. Agents wanted, 


360 Droadway, New York. 


Business College 

31ST032I r'hirSf^A OPPOSITE. 

-Largest- Oldest-' Best" 



MosrLuxuRiousiy FurnisheoSchooi'Americ* 



Business nrms Supplied with Help 


Send for Catalogue L. 

Address, for particulars, 

W. J. Kinsley, Manager, 

! Broadway, - - New York. 

Williams & Rogers 
Rochester - Business - University 

Offers unenualed advaotaRes to those who 

Business Schools 

Ing preparati 

Graduatt-s t! 

f the Mflv 

•iulliiw \m: 

Lommerclal teaching. This In- 
lqu«- position ara.mK Anierlcaa 
«acknowledKed to be the lead- 
)ol for L-onimp'cial teachers. 
nolaremiiDB respomlble poal- 

chose who will stateexpUcltly ihelr wishes. Addr( 

Rochester Business University, 

fl-r Rochester. N.V. 




fifty years' 
I. " A Handbook of In- 


t*i*Sji?N &^co, "" 

tlon concern I r 
t them sent free. 

tflo books sent free. 

taken throuRh Munn & Co. tecel 

^iceinthe Soientino AmericaD, ai 

broucht widely bet ore the public wit 

... to the Inventor. This splendid pp"* 

Issued weekly, elenantly IllnBtrated. has by fa 

„ , nd nearlvfl 

experience In the patent bu; 
tions strict"- - ■ ■ ■ 

leal and scienttflo 

in the 

icht w . 

cost to the inventor. Th 
led weekly, elenantly IllnBtrated. has by /ar'tln 
larpest circulation of any scientlflc work in thi 
world. S3 a vear. San)ple copies sent free. 



I Edition, 

mner conraina beau- 
photofirapbB of new 
builders to show the 

^ -iiracts. Address 

MU^N £ CO.. Nkw rouK, 301 BuaAUW.AY. 

irlth plans, enabling b 

WRITES RIGHT. That is the 



clJr Contrived. Kniiltleim Tubular 

Is acknowledged wherever used to be the best. Bookkeepei-s, Stenoj^raphers and others re- 
ring an absolutely reliable pen prefer the Parker to all others We want a live agent in every 
rthand School and Business College in the country. Write us for full particulars. Catalogue 
and unique advertising matter. 

THE PARKER P^.V CO., Janesville, Wis. 





I'r. i>ftrau>r7, locilvldiml ln»tnjcll'>n. 500 sfi 
(lent* iinriuallj. Open all >*"ar. Write for full 
lurormntlon. E J. HEEB. Pre*. 


A«-tu»l hiiKliic-i* from -tart to finish, A fouri re 
•orU-r of 30 yean*' experlenre teiwhen Shorthand 

■ Nt uchool HuartiTft In In<ll«Ufl. Eleva 

c light, «»■ anU Ht^-am heat. Write for 

inrorniution. "JOUBNAL BUILDING." Monument 



npolld. Ind. Kndorw'd by State Superintendent of 
PuMlc In"tniett«.n. IpadlnR' t-ducatora and busl 
m-Mincn. CnleloKUL- fret-. E. E. ADMIRE. Pres, 



Buslneea Collese Co. 




EciBtWhiKN, Y. LlfeBldg.. KANSAS CIll MO 
B<«ik.keeiiliig, ShortliaiiJ, Typewriting leleg 
mpfiy, fingliah Branchea, MoJern Languages etc , at 
lowoatratos. Oatalogoe free. Telephone 1174 

J. r. SPALDINQ, A. M., Fresidont- 

IMaebrllle, Uenn. 


rv|„ w, ii„«, r.iiKrni.l.v. .K-. SIil(leiit» r H 1 
rr..iii nil i.iirls or Ur' w.hIiI. Sen.l fur x^u j age 



| t \\IUrl.\l). Stnnifonl, Conn. 
I i".kk<.-(iniK. BanklnK. Peuraan- 

j ' ; '"■"TllliiK. Ti'lrKrnpli) , Ens- 



A. l> - III III I- lit. Long pstabllsbed. Thor- 


.1 for fxi 


113 Suutli Ktli M., Brooklyn, N. Y. Catnloyues 
free on applk-ailon, nersonally or by letter. HENRY 
C. WKIUHT, Principal. 


slp \ > \i Ii "fit f! II f wHe re| itattor re- 

NEW > t h I ivrss COLLEGE 81 Bast 

I I- N 1 receKes Day »tud- 

\f lorA Theie well- 

th I I ults. 

fB(ltor> a**-- om- 

Catal<.hU<^ f lent 

IRboDe 1l6lau&. 



P. O. Box 343, 

script. Set capitals. 

Diplomas engrossed. Correspondence solicited. 

$10. Ten wrltlQg le&sons by 


thousands. LEARN TO 

111 send 

.._^- _ ac ft 

2-cent stamp. 

ce-llst descriotlve _ . 

exercises, capital 

■lahlnir. etc. H. S "" 

need apply. 

W. S. HISER, Sup'r of Writlns. Public Schools 

NAME. Send 

25 cents, and _ 

ways of »nitlng It, with Insti 
" ?nt stamp, and I will sena 
1 band, prtce-llst deseriptl 

P. 5.— No postal 

rrnsnooHicrN Richmond. Ind, 
iFtssiOH*. ptM ) Artistic letter or 
'i>' (10) c«rds. sciKN 
r -I II ,iirir letter, analysts and 
Kiiipr' inr .Standard Duplicator 

C. R. RUNNELLS, 9630 Bell Avenue. Station P. 

Chicago. An elegant C. E. Pledge, 14 x IS Inches 
zinc etching from penwork, 10c. 12 cards, any 
name, 20c. My record in « years 100.000 cards. 

jHbOVE THK (!.0\:rDs" 







F Orleans, I,r 

IHortb Carolina. 

I CHARLOTTE COM. COLL., Charlotte, N. C. 

CK.ET5 5 


P. B. S. PETERS, Sto 



mil I,lti-i-ary Institute. Ne 


';'t"?'h, r"'™.?''"."?!"" l»W«t|.rlvntos<-l,oolwe"t 
nSlmrj^,''. ''• " '"''"""■ ''"''"• ''°" prosperous 






51, '.«l,",,''i ".'."'"'"'■ , Pi-nmnnshlii. Business an.1 
- iiorinaii.i. t mp or tin- li'nmng iiroarroslvu schools 
or Aimrl,-a. W.N. KEHUls.Tilg Raiil.lB. JlU-b. 

TRIlest IDtr^lnia. 


i;-I ' "^' ^<'""'>l- -iNI) SCHOOL or ENGLISH, 
IWrli'lop ■"■ "■ ''''*'^H^'<. '■'In. and 



MEKl I-U.IOI.I.EOE. Klltmlge Bnll.ling. Denver, 
..'ii, ■ ^^""^''"t;! .^^.*"'^''- I'nn'tU-al Shorthand 
.. .?.....^^ -^- WOOD\\\)RTH. I'resuleut. W A 
MirUEK.SOS. B.A.,Mana)!,T. >"'""■ ;■„-.-»- 


statnps to pay cost 

'- '1, 1 win mall to 
I -pi^clmen of my 

P. M. SI5.S0N. Penn 

n. New York Bus. Coll., 



t^CHOoI. OF SHORTHAJCD. WlsconsUrs leadlnc 
iomnu-r^-lal tralnlns -school. K-^iic^ "ataloime fnJ^ 
or eh<itFe. J. N. U^UNN. Pres.. "Vreen B^^Wl^ 

jy THE VSE OF CUTS on this page or anv I 
departure from the general ttyle of display toiil 
cost 60 per cent, extra, " ^ f y "^» 

Martin's College. Brockton, Mass. 

16 cards, 36c.: Bird Flourish. 25e. ; Capitals. 27c- 

Business Capitals, 20" ■ -••■' ..-.-.-- -.'.- .•^ ^ . 

ness Copies. 75c. ; :ii 
pies card writing. IS. 
SEND 25 CENTS for tine specl 

Lettering and Flourishing. Can't help 

ol Writing, 

--„ p but please. 

CluV ~'ti o — . —-Babtlett'sBls. COL.. 

MePherson, Kan. Artistic letter, Ave 2-cent stamps. 

I Ur. 


.spondence solicited. A. ^. DEVl^HURst, Utl 

J. W. WASHINGTON, Artist. Penman and In- 

tor. (Principal, The Washington 

School). Box 14T. S;il.-rii, >f;iss. Somethiii:: 

-'. !■!■ 'I,.. I |M I-, . , Washlugt. 

a qV 


F. UlLMAiN. Pen 

miL- sample or uo ...niituK-i 
one dozen wrltttf-ii cards for 
u specialty. 
hand Day Shading and Spai 

' - : tlourl'sheri 
.;-:i Kuhl ink, 40 
II I 1- ; Washlug- 
by mall, twelve 
S;i.uu. Improve- 
" I consider your 

.T cts. All penwork 
1-1 ry 
: to buy a second- 

kvlih all the branches taueht In a commercial c 

orthand school. butespeclaUy ■ 

II penmanship 

and business. Benn ►•Itman shorthand. Willing 
work for a small salary at first. "STROXQ." Wire 

THOROt'fiHI.V COriPPED teacher of 
mathematics, penmansnlp. sciences and the com- 
mon branches wishes to change position. Highest rcf- 

from present 1 


en In the profession. ''ENGLISH PKNMAN," 

.... .. ■--.TotHNAi.. 

I V" >'■ 

'^PK.XCIIEK OF TEN >1 \ \ - l ll r 

\>'f UU- 


ri>KA(-illl{ liiF I'EN^IANSHIPt commercial 
X l<rauilic« and KukUsIi wishes a iiORltlou. One 
year s experience as principal of normal and business 
colk'BG ; two years as principal of commorclai depart- 
ment. Robust health ; mouerate salary ; references 
upon application. " NORMAL," care Pknman's Art 

AN A I -it; xni i.r ;.. run ni,iii|. ,nmI the Eu- 

salarV'' I I i,M\M \i ,', ■ \, , "it ri'uNM." 

'* riENriNE" wish, - I ■ ■ . !■ .1.1 

V^ " A No. 1 " BUviM. ! I , * 

familiar with ailtheregiil. 1 n 11 1 1 

mi:A( III. 

of thi' l.'i'itl'iL 
desires to cji 
Anything In t 
SborMiand an 
Banking. HusI 

Vil'Iress "PKINCIPAL." care 

rENIHANSHIP, bookkcep- 

I it>iiniinn English branches 

I I " ^iiid normal schools. 

' named branches In 

u of the country. 


penman and commercial 

s business colleKti, pref- 

merdal systems. "ALL-AROUND," care PBNMAS'i 

Ueacbers Mantel, 

WANTED.— A flrst-class teacher of the commer- 
cial branches who can Invest a small sum In a 
good sclinul. KliR. l.ifatii.ii. " HUSIiNESS MANAGER," 

WANTED. ' ii-lemuu 

of the Instn 

! _T Sqna 

length or blade, prlc 


Mant" Bbs, 

In anmveHng advcrUMmenIx siona} fi(/ a vom-<le- 

plume, delays and mlstakeji or. 
and stamping the replUti re* 
wriiing the nom-de-plume in 
ing euch sealed revlies in an < 
The Penman's Art Jmmml 

York. Postage must be sent , 

Iocru««, 2\reit'8paper8. PhnU^graphk, &c 

Hea-sou for 

jf owner. A 

imstling advertltjer. Address "WHIT- 


L present business of o 
..ngadvertltjer, Addr 


uarditiQ Ca'a- 

Situations ■WIlante^. 

AN EX ITU 1 1- \< 1 11 

Reliable SL'hool. "GE.NEK \L TEACHEK,- care Pe.n- 

EXPERIENCEH TEAt HEB or penmanship, 
i-nfriisslng and Ei-li-MIe shortjinnd wishes a suC- 

riU. V< lIF.Ii 1(1 I'l'.N M \\~llll'. ,,.rrespond- 

"^references. Good healthr "PENM.W CORRE- 

SPON DENT. cap« PssniX's ART Joi;B.\AL. 

of young peopi 



■ Record ' 

Subtraction by Addition. 



A Beautiful Stick Pin. 

UK JOl'ItNAL has had specially manu- 
fueturwl from its own design a very 
neat stick pio, to offer as a premium 
to 8Ub8cribei-9. It is made in solid 
silver, also in solid g-old. 

The 81LVEK PIN ha*i the quill of solid 
sterling silver, and the stick pin part 
of German silver. 

The gold pin ia solid, 14 karat, ex- 
cept the stick part, which is German 
silver, pold plated. ' 

For one dollar we vHllsentJ The Joun- 
NAL/wofic year,and the bolid srt,VBB 

For one doUar and fifty cent»m:e wHl 
enter otic sub., new or renewal, and send solid 
GOLD PIN (M premium. 

For tux) df)Uarg we wiU send two copies of The 
Journal (to different addresses, if desired), 
for one year, and the soi-td gold pin. Or we 
will send The Jodrnal for two years and the 
solid (rold pin. 

Or, for those desiring to be placed 

manent Jist for two yean 
gold pin as premium for 

C;arfleld i^lf 


I) : Grant ITIemorlnl (:X> x 28); 
orlal ili" .\ '^i: c;r«iit aud 
"y (-24 K'.Mh: Marrlaee Cer- 
; Family Record (IH x :^). 

_U send the solid 

^ , _ ^ ittanceof $1 now. 

Vbe other dollar to be remitted at end of first 
year. Present subscribers may have their sub- 
scriptions extended and thus avail themselves of 
thisnfferat once. A jeweler would charge at 
least 81.5(1 for the gold pin. 

Works of Instruction in Penmanslilp. 

AmeA^ Guide to $eU-lii»tfruelloii In 
Prarileal and ArU»»llc Pennianhhip.— 

For 26 cents extra the Guide will be sent full 
bound in cloth. The regular premium has 
heavy paper binding. Price when sent other- 
■'—'*' — "s premium: Paper. V5c.: cloth. *i 

; in pap 
t$l). Cloth 25 cts. 

Ames' Copy-Slips for Sell-InMruetlon 
In Practical Peiimansliip.— This covei-s 
■ib'int flio same ground as the Guide, but ,^- 
-n 1,1 ,.1 ht'ing in book form it is composed of 
iiiii' i^lips progressively arranged. This work 
li 1- hud a very large sale independently of 
i-M , ;.v premium at 50 cents a set. The " Copy- 
>iinp will be sent nsprera for one sub. (SD- 

Book ot Plonrii»l»e«. Size of 

book, 8^xU!-6. Price, heavy manilla binding. 
$1 : cloth, with gold stamp, Sl-50. 

It gives 125 beautiful designs, delicately printed 
on superfine papei^most of them masterpieces, 
by "2 of the world's leading penmen. We will 
send the book in manilla binding as premium 
for one sub. and 10 cents extra («1.10). For two 
subs. ($2) we will send it and any of the pre- 
miums announced above for one subscriber. 

"We will send the Book of Floukishes in 
beat cloth binding for one sub. and 60 cents 
($1.50. the price of the book alone), or for two 
subs. ($2). 

Special Clubbing Reductions. 

In order to give every earnest and ambitious 
student a chance to be a 'regular Journal 
reader, we make a very liberal reductiou for 
clubs, as follows : 

Two subs., $1.20; three subs., $1.65 ; four 
and more, 50 cents each. 

To Club Subscribers. 

If you have been a club subscriber for the 

East year and think that The Journal would 
e worth a dollar to you the coming year, we 
shall be pleased to have your renewal on that 
basis. If you can't afford that sum, your sub- 
scription may be sent through our nearest 
agent at the clubbing rate. 

If there is no agent convenient, writ 
once, stating the fact and inclosing 60 cents 
for your renewal. We mean to have an act- 
ive, capable agent not only in every school 
but in every community. If there is one of 
this kind near you. you must know it ; if not, 
there, should be, and it may be your oppor- 
tunity to get the paper for yourself and friends 
at the reduced clubbing rate. 

In no case do we authorize or will we coun 
tenance interference with a present capabli 

'»*«' The 


•s* The . ^^ d? 


A Monthly Journal of Modern Business 
Methods for Business Men and Women. 


The JjLSlNESS Journal kctps Us readers in touch with 


' didactic, but teaches bv t. 

iii^' the processes and accomplishments of successful busi ness t 
The fitting an.i f timishing of o ffices, labor-saving appliai 


r of time, friction ■ 

nd waste in busin 


rspondence ; requirefnents of stenograpke 

ke epers, etc., -wiU be amply treated. 

Stenographers and typewriter o perators— a class 


ing tens of thousands and growing at an 

rate— will 

find a large space i n THE BUSINESS JOURNAL devoted to their 
special inte rests. F or years they have waited for a paper_laid 
on broad lines, unhampered by the promoting of any particular 

' system 

any particular machine, but useful alike to all 


For Inseitlng and extracting pens. 

I'riee 15c. and 2cent stamp for postage. 
J. ('. WITTER & CO., 863 Broadway, New York. 

POPVl,A.K Nature Study 25 C. 

HELPS. By Charles B .Scot t . 

Classic Myths, l5o. VOU NEED 

IlyUnr.vC«ll,erlueJ..,l.l. THESE AIDS. 

Skyward and Back, lOc. By Lucy .11. Rownsoi 
Address School Education Company, 

^•%^%. •%^'V%.-»'%. »-» •^^ '%'^'%'»-> 


^70 cents a Gross. < 

# (Po!;t!i^-o Paid.' ^ 

Putman & Kinsley's Celebrated Peos. < 

No. 1. Kxtrn Fine. Double EInNtlr. for fine i 
wrltiiii^, llouriRliliiir, etc. t 

0. '2. Sledium Coarse. ItuNhiess I'eii, for . 
unshaded nrltine. * 

These pens havi- beea 011 the market for ( 
ears and uru tiHe.l by thousands of ttne , 
rrlters. We liiive two huii«irpd gross left, and ' 
> close them out In a hurry (we are goliitt out 1 
f the pen bii.'.ihiessj have made a prlue of 

Send cash 1 money or<ler, postal note, or le, 

pi-ned— we are closing out accounts as well as 

These peii-.^ hii\e iiKs'ay^ sold at^l'agroas. , 
Don't -^(iiil [i.! -.Mni'l'- '"■ ask questions— 


202 Broadway, New York 

pract itione-i 

teachers and students. 

The question is whether teachers and busines s men want th is 
kind of paper— whether they want it to the extent of buyin g it. 
We canU afford to give it away. 

The January 

nber of The Business Journal contained an exhaustive i 

oflice amanuensis. This has produced a great many responses from business nieu and 
teachers, some commending, some criticising more or less sharply. Many of these opinions are published ;in 
full In the February Issue. Others will follow. If you want The Business Journal, better begin now and let 
your subscription date with No. 1. 

The price of The Business Jovrnai, Is 51 a year. 10 cents for a single number. There will be no ex- 
changes, no free list, no reduction for clubs and no premiums, except that a special combination price of $1.50 
a year win be made for our two papers, subscriptions to run concurrently. If you are already a subscriber for 
The Penman's Art Journal, for Instance, with six months to run, fre should enter your sub. for Thk Business 
Journal for nine months (three less than a yearj aud extend your P. A. J. sub. three months, so thai the two 
subs, would expire at the same time. 

Those -who are subscribers for The Penman's Art Journal may have the new paper by paying the differ- 
ence. If you are on our Perniaueiit or Professional List, this would be only 50 cents extra. If you a 
subscriber, the proper amount would be the dlffereuce between what you paid and $1.30. unless you wish to 
entered on our Permanent List, with the understanding that your renewal for the two papers will be seni 
$1 .50. In that cast— and ouly In that case-ftO cents extra will suffice. 

Ames & Rolllnson Co., Publishers, 202 Broadway, New York. 


■^^g^^r^m^ -r^U ^J-„t^6 


Adopted EXCLUSIVELY by the Public Day Schools of 
CLH/VIENT C. OAINKS, H.A., Pres. Eiatman Bq8. Coll. and N. Y. Bus. Coll., 

says m h' iiii ' pr-'i tn- 'if thf latter institution: — 

,1 i I I I rK I'HoNOOBAPHlcIssTRCCTOR.' which la fully abreast of the time. 

;•;■;'•,-, . ; : , , ,„ . . , :'::fer'r "t?s""„:SicT[?f. w"!^t^''SSi^mi°Jorl^^^^^^^ 

I k I I I,. I .-. ti ii'.t.' I fi riliflr ill' irni-s ^riil ^lijit.lli'lt.V aiii (Mali o/ our !ifud«nfj< Aai'rh<'*'n ex- 

<riil\'maUu9ull-eMjut, ar luive .on'^lwi-'l /"> lf,r /-../i/rr l« air.' tL- iMii'ir I'itman gystem iltcid4:d prf/erenci:." 

Specimen Pages Sent Postpaid. 

TAKE LESSONS at the l.B»o PI. man Metropolitan sehool nf Shorthand and T,pe»rltlnK. 05 Firth 

. y , TboruuKli 1 


HEFFLEY'S Popular 




The tic»t(^liif<» hook published on the subject. 
Sample copies K, cunt*, send for circular. 

AddrcM. C. V. CARHART, 

«aB Clinton Ave., Albany , N. Y. 



Qulcklv learned : no strain of eyes, hand oi 
Cork uiilfurm. accurate, easy and reliable, s 
:I2 page Circular, ilaehlnes rented on trial. 




Awarded the Medal and Diploma at the World's Fair. 

Only a few years before the public, it Is now used by thousands of Ste- 
nographers and adopted Into 400 of the Leading Schools and Colleges. 

Most Popular, because it is the SIMPLEST, most LEGIBLE and RAPID. 


iral order as in longhand. 

an hour's study. 

veeks' study. 

rtially investigated. Trial lesson and cir- 

ic sent responsible schools for examination. 

Vowels follow consonants in their na 
Sentences written by it with less tha 
Speed for practical work with 6 to 12 
Superseding all others wherever imp 
ularsFREE. Mail instruction. Text-bo 

WRITE H. 31. PERXIX, Author, Detroit, Mich. 

I Lettering-." They 
subjects. Highly 
's A HT Journal 
: E<tmatoi\ Kelch' 

iKi. Wobl), Zaiier. Hii___ _ 

NBARLV ALL QONE. Price 50 cents each, 
botl) for 7') cents, including recipe to make all 
colore of "shading ink." Tells all about - 
ganizing classes in penmanship. 

DiiOD, Dl. 

irmal School. 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business cdlleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand Manual 

(Columbian Revision— 16th Edition) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 


A Revolutionary Departure in Typewriters. 


Shorthand Schools! 

Shorthand Teachers I 

Business Colleges I 

Irrespective ol Price— Tbe Best- 



A hieli grade standard machine of the fli 

atic tabulator and mistake 

Tiber of colors of Ink 

iln^tle sheet. Color c 
Standard Keyboard. 



ery uood quality found In 1 
machines, and has many points of superiority 


Works iind General Offices. 23d and Arch Streets, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 


' The Best— Trial Proves It. 

LAHS of our ilan and Specimen Color Work. 



Legibility ^"^ the Acquirement of Speed in Stenography. 


Price of tlie lllth edition, rcvlseil to date. »1.50. Proper d 

Schools and Bookselle 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

r..u'h Rnpia '....... ..-..„,-.,,. r..u,u-,-,.i..piiiiiea !.■ 

mscU-ar 15»>5 iirutH, WUl iiUow >.>u «l.-.'6 for ; 
lit to H. K. PKl'K. Box r.Wi. Wa^l^lnRUm. D. 1-. 

KVKHY sbonhnnil lenchpr. wrficr nud srhool proprietor will be iiiieresled In rl 
lUlrstu THE B1>ilNES!S JOIRXAL for January and Februnrr. Send JO cis. for bo 
*"*'*• AMES & ROI.LINSON CO., New York. 

A work of (creat value to stenonrapberB and t 

egibUity and speed in ahorthatid. and a revelation of the poa 
any system based on the Pitman alphabet. 

The text was produced on a No. 2 Remington typewriter and then photo-lithographed In the highest 
style of the art. The only book ever produced entirely on the typewriter. 

Ticenty-nine pages of beautiful shorthand, consisting cf an original contr^ution from everu official 
stenographer in^bofh Houses of Congress—thirteen in all— and other stenographers of national reputation, 
and facsimile reporting notes of three of the leading court stenographers In tbe country, accompanied by a 
key. The contributions were specially prepared for this work, and are written In the Bhortband of their 

Nothing of the kind ever before published. 160 pases, handsomely bouDd In cloth, with gilt title. Price 
SI, post-paid. Liberal discounts to teachers arid to the trade. Address 

SAMUEL C. DUNHAM, - Box 313, Washington. D. C. 
The No. -g-^ ^ 

b l<efflmgton 

More Permanent Alignment, 
Improved Spaciiig: Mechanism, 
Lighter and Wider Carriage, 

Uniform and Easy Touch, 
Economical Ribbon Movement, 

Improved Paper Feed, 

Readily Adjustable Paper and 

Envelope Guides, 

Matchless Construction. 


WyCkOff, SeamanS & BenediCt. 327 Broadway, New York. 

'■.^enmarCd Qyti(>Qjvu,t/UL& 


Brass Edge Rules 


The best advertising medium is the one that lasts longest. 

Something useful is always appreciated and is not 

thrown away, and is always at work 

advertising your business. 




: JOIIKNAL olUce. 



GOLD MEDAL. Paris exposition, 1889, 



Beside the large variety of peas for all sorts of busl- 
nesB ami extra Bne writing, which have had a world- 
wide sale for over flfty years, we make the following 

strictly professional pens, of which samples will be 
sent UB apeclfled: 
Nos. 200. 201 and 669 (Crow Quill), at the rate of three 



HENRY BOE. Sole Aohnt, »l John Street. New Y 


that you have enough 
spare titne to become a 
Designer, Newspaper Il- 
lustrator and Pen Artist, 
by mall 7 Our newest cat- 
alogue, beautifully Illus- 
trated by students all 
over the world, wUl tell 
you all about it. Send 
forstamp. Also. we carry 
150 stock cuts for col- 
leges, proots of which 
will be mailed on appli 
cation. Designs and en- 
Kravlngs of all kinds 
made to order. Addrees 


Designers and Engravers, 

[5th and Farnam Sts., Omaha, or 1216 " O" St. 

Lincoln, Ne?. 


Normal Education. Remain at home, continue your teach 
ing, and pursue the Normal Cours&i (Elementary and Advanced), 
and you will be able to pass a higher grade examination, to 
secure a better certificate, become a better teacher, and thereby 
secure a l)etter salary. Over 6,000 tttndeuta enrolled 
MliicelSSO. Diplomas granted. No new books need be pur- 
chased and from one to three hours' study, daily, is suflQcient. 
Improve your spare moments; save cost of board and railroad 
fare by taking our Normal Courses. 

Tuition for a thirteen weeks' course, $5, Special tuition of 
S3 to the person sending a list of 10 teachera' names. Stnd for 
our 20 page catalogue. 
f mention this i)aper. 

When 1 

W. J. 

aO'i Bro 


Consulting Accountant. 

Advice in opening and closing of books, 
partnei-ship settlements, etc. Criticism on 
courees of study and helps for business and 
normal schools. Business practice work a 

—^ — — _ Have you tried my new 

S66 nCrCl "^rtlsta-" or Diamond 
Gloas Ink 7 If you have 
not, then you don't know what yon have mUsed. I 
\vlllsell you six good sized bottles for SI. 


65 North Clark Street, - CHICAaO, ILL. 


ro-day (Feb. 4.*5tli> 

Come to Atlanta and enjoy this perfect climate and take advantage of the superior 
facilities of the Atlanta Business College, a chartered institution for the higher commer- 
cial education of young men and young women. The College is known throughout the 
South as "The Advanced Business School." 

The faculty is composed of Northern teachers, practically and professionally trained. 

The business practice and banking departments are complete. 

\^° We assist graduates in obtaining employment. 

Departments. —Business, Shorthand, Penmanship, Mathematics, English, Normal. 
Special attention given to expert work. 

References —The Merchants' Bank and its attorneys, Rosser & Carter, and the law 
firm of Dorsey, Brewster & Howell, city. 

In writing for a catalogue refer to THE Penman's Art Journal. 


. CAMERON, Pres. 


Are You Interested in Penmanship and Art? 

It will pay you to send to t'niiipbell I'^niversitj'i Ilolton, Ilanens. for catalogue and samples 
from the School of Pen Art and DeNiiciiinK. Here the student Is instructed by teachers who are 
not merely penmen but artists and designers as well. Business Cards, Script, Diplomas. Letter Heads, 
Catalogue Covers, Interior Views, Cuts of Buildings, Portraits, all sizes and styles. Wash Drawings, 
Comic Sketches, Newspaper and Book Illustrations and designs to suit auy business are made where the 
student may see all the details of the work. Rates less than can be made by any independent special 
school. Teachers In good positions all over the West. 

Do You Advertise? 

It win pay you to send to the UnlTcrwity Deeitfiiinv and Envrnvlnir Co., Ilolton, Kanans, 

for sjimples and prices of fine Photo Zinc Etching and Half Tone Engraving. Also samples of Im- 
itation Lithograph work, the cuts of which can be used on any press with results equal to those of the 


Can you afford to invest 25c. in a valuable help 7 
Over 200 voluntary letters received from those 
who have tried them, ranging from the plain 
statement : " The Penman's Ring has been a 
great help to me." to the assertion : " 1 wouldn't 


Quincy. III. 

DO YOU Want the Best 

On Earth ? If so send to the Pawtucket 
Business College, Pawtucket, R. I., Q. 
Milkman, Principal, for one dozen of 


I will also send you some pretty pen work. 
Stamps taken. 10 cents a dozen, 90 cents a gross. 
Send at once. If you don't like them you can 
have your money back. 


Sold ontriKht. no rent, no royalty. AdHpted 
to City, VillttKe or Country. Needed in eveir 
home, shop, store and office. Greatest con vea- 

A(r<>nts make frooi 95 lo ftSO per day. 

borB. Fino instruments, no toyn, works 
'lere, nny distance. Complete, retidy for 
hen 8hi|i|>ed. Can he (lut up by nny one. 

^i/V. P. Harrison & Co., Clerk lO.'corumbus.V 

THE JOUUN'AL now reaches more Public School Teachers and OOlcers WHO HAVE 
other paper published. 


If you will remit $i.oo for the 
Alphabets before April i, '95, we 
will give you free a copy of the 
Zanerian Compendium of Perpen- 
dicular Penmanship, the price of 
which is 50c. You therefore get 
S1.50 in value for $1.00. 




We e.xpect to have these books 
ready to mail by April i, '95, and 
in order to secure your remittance 
to assist in paying the printer we 
make the accompanying liberal 
SPECIAL offer. 

The above boolv contains nearly one hundred pages ; forty full page alphabets and designs, nearly all of which are original 
and prepared with the pen ; complete instructions consisting of twelve thousand five hundred words; hundreds of modifications 
and styles of finish and ornament never before given to the public ; and three full page plates of Engrossing Script or Round- 
hand with the secrets of execution fully explained. 

The book is printed on plate paper and bound in cloth with gold stamp. If you are interested in lettering, you cannot afford 
to be without this work a minute. It is thoroughly modern, practical, and artistic. 

Address THE ZANERIAN ART COLLEGE CO., = . - - Columbus, O. 


^'%«^%«'«^'» '«'%'i 

'•^enm/uil) (IPtiCoJvavm^ 

Some recent unsolicited commendations from those who have actually used, and not merely examined 
Williams & Rogers' Commercial Publications. 

School contlDUCM full. And 
celleot help§.-C. T. Hillbf 

I have fialfl all thp good 

^ know or DO other eommerelal text-books that suit i 

well as yours ilo.— W. Kinsey, 

R about your bootm I could think of. They deserve all that ( 

,— Court F. Wood, Commercial Colle-gf. Wa«hln(rt«u, D. 

ir BookkoepiiiK Text-Book and your Commercial Arithmetic (al>out i 
V beiriK uwd lii this college " ' -* "-'-"-' 
. I'hlladelphlu. Pa. 

have uKC'd your treatlBe on Bookkeeping for the past fivi 

StepheuvIIle College, stephenvflle. Texas. 

Your System of Bookkeeping is especially valuable In teaching young pupils. J was inore 
u pleased with the results of last year's wort, using your method.— Allen OraST Odell. Friii. 
ketey School. Pouirhket-Dslp. N. v_ 

It Is certainly, as Its name 

McFbereon, Kan. 

We have he«n uiilng your Bookkeeping in aildepartmentsof our college, 
find it to be the best work we have ever tried. It promotes the pupil raplu 
and underwtandlDKly, with but Utile help from the teacher.— O. L. Minteb 
BuMlncBB College, Abilene, Tezaji., 

Your New Introductlve Bookkeeping lately introduced Is giving excel 
- "- ■■ - •" -IB, Frin. High School. Olover9vme..N.Y. 


nmercial I-aw flllti . __, _._ . 

It.— P. 8. DuPFiN, Prln. School W. Farmlngton, 

My teacher of the subject pronounces your Descriptive Economics excel- 
t In every respect.— J. K.ntT(iTUR.AugU8taDaBunlue89 Cnltege, Rock Island, 111. 

In nil the departments of f 
able to do better '■ " ' 


elaborate. I shall be 

Itb anything I have heretofore tried.— C. 

Werketey School, Poughkeepsle. N. Y. 

I am very much pleased with your New Practical Grammai 

ludlcates, a Practical Grammar.— D. I. RowE, Prln. Howe Colleg 

getting a higher grade of examinations in commercial law by the i 

I have never seen such satisfactory results from the use of any spelling buok 
as from the use of your Seventy Lessons in Spelling.— John M. Oibbs. Prlu. 
Union School, Spring Valley, N. Y. 

I think your Commercial Arithmetic Is the most practical arithmetic I 

have ever seen.- J. M. Lane. Supt. Schools, Sprlngboro, Ohio. 

We use several of your books and they are ucry satisfactory.- H. ' 

. KiT- 

prln. High School, Westfleld, Mass. 

I am using your New Introductlve Bookkeeping with excellent results.- 
Wm. C. Gorman, Prln. Com'I Dep't. High School, Blontclair, N. J. 

The best Bookkeeping we know of. — C. G. Pearse, Supt. City Schools, 

Beatrice, Neb. 

We will have none but the Williams & Rogers t 
B Bralntree High School.— W. C. BURNHAM 

t-books In the commercial der 
'rin. Com'I Dep't, Roslndale. M 

Tiie principal of a leading college here in St. Louis told me that if teachers only knew what these books contain you would be swamped teith 
orders.— 3. Q. Reynolds, Manager American Journal op Education, St. Loins, Mo. 

Wc have hundreds of other just as enthusiastic commendations as the above. They are printed in a book which will be sent, together with illustrated catalogue 
and specimen pages of any or all of our Commercial Publications, to any teacher or school officer, free of charge. 

Have you joined the great army of progressive teachers who are using Williams & Rogers* Text-books — the great labor-savers? If 
not, now is a good time to begin making preparations for getting in line next year. 



Williams & Rogers, Publishers. 


''%''%^^'%^%''%^%^%^%/%^^'%.'%^«'%/%^%/%^%/«^%.'%^%.'%^»-%.'%^%/%.'%.«'%^%''^'%.^ - '%^*/%^»'^^/^^.^/%^%''%-«^%/%.'*'%^%'%^%^'»'^'^'%''%''%^%^«-»-%'' 


Have you seen it? if not, send 

at once for a copy of Everybody's Dic- 
tionary — the most useful boolc recently 
published. It contains 33,000 words, 
with the correct spelling, pronunciation, 
able divisions, parts of speech, cap- 
italization, and definitions. 

Only yi X 2'/2 X 5^ inches in size, and 
it was made to carry in the vest pocket. 
Price, in leather, gold embossed, in- 
dexed, 50 cts. ; cloth, not indexed, 25 cts. 


in every school and town. One agent 
has sold over 700; some schools have 
ordered several hundred, and a single 
dealer 5,000. Write for wholesale prices. 
Hundreds of testimonials similar to 
the two here printed. 




They s 
I clerics. 

Slate Bank, Ualctand, 

The following text-books, used in the 
leading Business Colleges, High Schools 
and Academies, are universally endorsed 
by progressive educators as the best 
books published on their respective 
subjects : 
Spelling and Letter Writing, 2(H piigcs..$ 1 .OO 

Plain English, 2:;i puRos 90 

Typewriting Instructor, 96 pages 1 .OO 

Spelling, nn pafc'us 35 

Practical Shorthand, 244 pages 1 .50 

Progressive Bookkeeping, 96 pnffc?;.. . 1.25 
Mercantile Bookkeeping. 102 pnsri'^... 2.00 
Complete Practical Bookkeeping,:^. 2.50 

Commercial Law, Hi-' pjijies I .SO 

Bookkeeping Blanks in four sets. 

All the books are handsomely bound in 
full cloth and elegantly illustrated. Be 
wise, and use the best. 

Write for introduction and wholesale 
prices. Catalotjue free. 

The Practical Text Book Company, 

420 Superior Street. CLEVELAND. OHIO. 







'cl^nmoAa oydt'CLmi.lAaC' 

The Goodyear Publishing Company, 


X he Qoodyear Qommercial 5®''°''®^- 


Bookkeeping Series. 
Single Kotrf Konkkeeplng. 
Dooble Entrj BonkkerplDg. 
Slni^le and Doable Entrj Book 

(Hchool niid Collrie EdIlloDa.) 

New Theorj of Acconnts. 

(■Il(h >4<'liaf>l anil Complute 

Business Practice Series 

Baiiness Practice, Retailing. 
Bnalneas Practice, ITholesaling. 
Inter-Communicatlon Baslness 

Aetna! Business in tlie School 

Business Training Tor Fnblic 

Office Training Series. 
Routine Tor Commercial Ex- 

Routine for Freight OIBce 
Routine for Wholesale Olllce 
Routine Tor Commission Ofllce. 
Routine for Banking. 
Routine for Real Estate and 

Insurance Olllce. 

Blank Books. 

Full line ciT lilaiik bookn for above texts and 
r>>r K'lxTal (>niou use, hi all sizes and stylea 

CoiuuHMTinl stationery. 

I III I. i I . I , i - inllege money. 
Ill I : . 1 I'llier supplies 

III ■ ;■ . I . -iii'-s^ Practice. 

Saiii|>U's ami Trices. 

tloiiH, udilrcHH tlie piiblltthers. 


Business College Supplies 
Made to Order. 

If you want Blank Books, large or 
small, for Bookkeeping, Business Prac- 
tice, or Office Training, made in any 
style to your special order. 

If you want Business College Sta- 
tionery in any special style, witli your 
school imprint, 

If you want College Currency with 
your school imprint. 

If you want any special variety of 
Legal Blanks, 

In fact, if you want any appliance 
for practical work in commercial 
classes, made to your special order, 
send us samples or specifications, and 
we will submit estimates that will make 
it to your interest to deal with us 

We carry in stock over two hundred 
varieties of Business College Supplies, 
all of which are listed in our new 
catalogue, just from press. 

Do not close contracts for next year's 
supplies until you have heard from us. 

For New Catalogue, or for special 
estimates, address 
The Goodyear Publishing Co , 

334 Dearborn Street. CHICtGO. 

The Goodyear Pobliislhiiiinig Company, 

'^' 334 Dearborn Street, Chicago. 


1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

ont iinswers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, |1..50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial pnrt of the complete book Retail price, $1.00 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, $1.00 

With proper discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St. New York. 

i — '^"^ NEW STANDARD.^ ^ 

{ Practical / Progressive Book-keeping. { 

J J 
t u 

By J. C. BRYANT, President ol Bryant & Stratton Business College 

t'thods and best forms up to date. 

etuH price, - 1..50. 


and quality of material ti 


EIrmrnlarr Edillan, 1S9-2. Double Entry, rem 
rimiuian »rh«al Eflilion, ^«l■lEle and Double En 
The BunlnesiiMnn'sCaninierclal I.a,T and Rua 

The l>cst work ever published. Send for Descript 
Pages free. Address 

aess Forms, S'.t.OO. 

■e Circular and Sam 

J. C. BRYANT, Publisher, College Building, Buffalo, N. Y. 





'^ Thoroughly Practical S 

and Authentic/' I 


'' Easy to Teach and S 
Easy to Learn/' : 

The New Complete Accountant, f^ov"""»,.?»"*f'^**".'*»".- PiM^^'^*^-'***' 

•^ ' tirely rewritteu. A new book retaining 

iires of the old eiJltlon that have nrnJe It deser^-edly popular, but adillug many : 
bring it up to date aud malce It In every sense a practicsil and teachable book. Ii 
State and Territory. 320 pages, printed In red and black. 

The New Complete Accountant, HiehScUooi Edition, pricr, Sl.50. Ther 

'^ satisfactory treatise for a brief course. Each suhje 

by easily graded steps. Every process thoroughly 

.vith r 

Commercial Law. price. «i.. 50. This is 

Jt^i'i, iiiit It Is a practical and 
suits ill your classL's as yi>ii lu'ver had before. a24 

The Manual of Business Writing, ^p^ice, sa 

toi^ether with a book of Instruction upon 

The New Business Arithmetic. 

for a brief 
. „ aded steps, i 
ulings, bound In cloth 

y a practical 
ible ■ ■ 

those fea 

subject Is 

I give J 

practical sub- 
„ .g -■ - 

of which la niled < 
valuable help to every student 

PRICE, SI. '45. New type. 

ompllatlou from other arithmetics, but pre- 

pages ; handsome type, ulcely bound. 

The Practical Arithmetic. PRICR, Sl.OO. comes to on a long.felt want for a book 
K'v'iyt special attention to elementary problems and methods In 
schools and preparatory departments of commercial schools. 


The Practical Speller. 

slve. Is adapted to short o: 
terms and abbreviations, i 
bound In cloth. 

PRICE. *Z5c 

-ranged In well graded lesaom 
ig courses, avoids extremes, gives 
for spelling, punctuation, capital 

Comprising 4.000 difficult 
' "*ed lessons, Tl_ . 

gives geographical 

This worK Is comprehen- 
. " inies. buslnes' 

I, &c. Neatly printed 

O. M. POWERS, 7 Monroe Street, Chicago. 


suitable to the needs of 
Business Colleges has 

been found. 

Tablet Desk 

meets the requirements. 

The Desk Top is where it can be of the most service; 
from front to rear it is long^er than other desks, and then The 
Arm Rest Extension virtually adds greatly to the working 
area. The student may work under the most favorable condi- 
tions, there being a natural place for resting the arm without 
any twisting in the chair. A desk and seat adjustable to his 
stature and range of vision. A back support av;iilable both for 
study and writing. 


NOTE.-A »n 

villi AajiiMtnble and Folding 


Solid fiold Pen. 
tfnullful Holder. 
, Hfiruliir 


^ «'%'%^V«^««'%^^^ %'».'%^%^'%.« '%'%'%«-% ^^^'%-%^«^-^ 

10.000 *-2.0<l «• 1 Aft l^f "ant to Introduce Into new houses lo.iji«j Fens wltliln the next 60 days 

Pens b) Mall. "Pi •V" E«.h. T.ireachthlsnumberwecutourprlce«.anrt niallouepenror«l. Referto 

I publishers of Penman's Art Journal. Money back If wanted Aeenl, wanted 


JOURNAL, ofllce. Send for catalogue. 

50nE LIQMT We 5UBJECT. ^<^^//t^. 


N.. Actual Buslne^'frmni the start. Unlike any other system. 
LettlieSE.mfH-l.IGHT of PRACTICE Illuminate tbe dark 
The student acquitt 

B knowledge of facta, not theories. 

COnmitHTtD 1835 PATENTED 1895 



re to Increase their business will do well to Investlg 


possesses so many unique and original Ideas that It was granted a patent by the United States Patent OfHce bearing 
All schools adopting the system will be fully prot^-ted. 
It Is Intended for use In Business Colleges, Academies. Commercial 
Departments and High Schools, either In whole or In part as It ma> be 
adapted to any course of study. 

OI'TFITS with Bureau No. 2 will be sent to teachers Cor examlna 
tlon oil receipt of 93.75; with Bureau No. 1, 93.2S ; Including both 
Bureaus, ?3.50. 

d Detailed Particulars, address 


Something new that wU! commend It.'iplf to'every thinking wide- 
awake teacher and educator In the country who wishes to place genuine 
bis students from the day they enter school. 

s produced are simply mao'elous. It will COMMAND tho 

e of February 2fi. 1806. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 

68 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md 

Sadler's Arithmetics 

UbineBS Col 
lar piibhcH 

Do vou need more help in teaching 
Drawing, Form Study, Color, Writing, 

or any subject requiring training of the mind 
and hand in unison ? 


will help you. 75c. per year. Sample copy loc. 

J. C. WITTER &, CO., 

853 Broadway, New York. 

THE JOIIRNAI.. now renelies more Public t^cbool Teachers and Officers WHO HAVE 
other pniier published. 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contains Classified Lists and Addresses for the entire 
U.S. of alt 

1. Colleges, Female Seminaries and Academies. 2. 
Normal Schools. 3. Business Colleges. 4. Schools of 
Science. 5. Schools of Theology. 8. Schools of Law. 

10. State Superintendents. 11, CountySuper- 

13. Principals. 14 

leading-12. City Superini 

etc. Gathered from 

Official Sources and revised to date of i. 
Price, S.5.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 


For Inseitlng and extracting pens. 

Price ISc. and 2-cent stamp for postage. 
J. C. WITTER & CO., S.5:( Broadway. New York. 



HAVE YOU INVESTIGATED the merits of round vertical writing? 
HAVE YOU SEEN our beautiful new copy books? 
ARE YOU AWARE that round vertical writing is superior in every way and for every 

purpose to any other system? 

ARE YOU AWARE that it is the most rapid system of writing in the world? 

ARE YOU AWARE that there are no failures among those teachers and pupils who 
use it? 

ARE YOU AWARE that a six year old child who uses the round vertical can write 
better than a slxteen year old child can write the slant? 

ARE YOU AWARE that the best physicians of the world say that slant penmanship is 


ARE YOU AWARE that in the thousands of schools that use our books every teacher 


ARE YOU AWARE that we have the most beautiful and the most useful copy books in 






000-0-0-0<X)-0<X>0-CX> -I 

The Werner Educational Series. Just Published. 




If we advertised till Dooms- 
day, some people wouldn't try 
Tadella Pens. 

Sold in as cent and $1.25 boxes. Samples, 
30 styles, 10 cents. TADELLA PEN CO., 
74Fifth Ave,. New York. 


Complete in Six Numbers. Price, $1.00 per dozen. 
(Size 7% X g.) 

The distinctive features of this series are : The correct 
scale upon which copies are engraved. The ruling insures the 
proper spacing and proportions of the letters. The reversible 
binding reduces the size of the book to a single page, thus 
affording ample room for executing copies. Written or soiled 
pages may be removed without injury to the book. The blotter 
attached to cover prevents blots and serves as a book mark. 
The paper used is of the Hygienic Tint recommended by oculists. 
And other features original with this series. 

Addr„s jHE WERNER COMPANY, Publishers, 


160-174 Adams St. 5-7 East i6th St. 


, . n WRITING can be learned at home by 


JUVVVWOA/ This work consists of ,3 plates (j-. x S', i 

ticing f 
. h) 

h plate, telling just what motion 

Besiaes me 13 plates, a sheet of illustra- 

f hand, body and paper. The whole is en- 

any part of the country upon receipt of 50 

' to /"era;/.— Send money order if possible. 

t in one cent stamps. Send for circular. Address at once, 

E. C. MILLS, Penman, Western Normal College, Bushneil, 111 


Zanrrian i 

r Coll 

Veiend m\U: Yo 

I Is also very 

1 the best the- 

111 Is the bi 

t evolved, and will contimie 

c. P. zaner! 

: NoiuiAL School, 

Is the best 
atinvie to 

this nyeteni. I wltih t 

i. Iowa, January 

I of copies 

SraH;.„.^ j.-v. . .. ^ 
ly. L. M. KELCHNER. 
Teacher of PeDmaiiHhtp. 

rrvf.MWs: Tour Comppndlun 

Iveil. You have certUlnly do: 

Justice. All those seeklnc for Inspiration In vertical 
Itlng should ]---■--■" ... -- 

Yours truly, 

writing should send for H 

Teacher of Penmanship. 

WoosTKR, O., January 1, 1895. 
Prof. B. C. mns, Bu3hnetl, III. 

Dear Sir: Permit us to compliment you on your 
vertical writing as exemplifleff In your letter to us. 
It Is the finest specimen of practical work In this line 
that has yet been brought t 

Mr. Mills begii 
fxltlng, giving 
going on with the 

get this compendlui 

the beginning with the vertical 


ind practice falthfullv 

he vertical sya 

St. Louis. 3Io. 

writing, giving a series of movement exercises and 

"" -"? muscular training that Is neces- 

' good form. Any teacher who will 


PART. I.— A series of 30 cards containing: 147 drawinKS of familar objects, adapted to 
klndiTKHrtei) ax^d lower primary g^rades. Unequaled for busy work, Janyuage li 
t*rloe« tfOc. 

PART II,— Consists of lis drawings of objects based on the sphere, cube and cvUnder, the 
typo fitrins of nil natural or miiuufactured objects. The key to Practical Drawing. Price, 20c. 

PART III,— A continuation of the work begun in Part n. The half sphere, half cube 
cone, ftc. luUy treated. 127 drawings adapted to higher primary grades, every one of whJch is 
interesting and instructive. Price. 20c. 

Parts I, II and III will be sent to any address postpaid for 50c. 

PART v.— THE €DBB and its applications. A text-book of 48 pages. 125 illtistra- 
tlons giving the fundamental principles underlying the drawing of all objects having straight 
iocs mid flat surfaotw. Adapted to grammar grades. Cloth bound. Price, 3 pc, 

pages. 120 illustrations, giving the fundamental principles underlying the drawing of objects hav- 
ing li curvet! surface. Adapted to grammar grades. Cloth bound. Price, sue. 

Parts V and VI will be mailed to any address for 50c. 

SPECIAL RATES TO NCHOOLS. Correspondence with Superintendents Principals 
and Boards of Education who desire the best resulu obtainable, invited. Address all communica- 



C.y^:g^^^z^ C/^^:z^:>^-£>ez^ C^ 

D T. Ames, Editor-ln-Chi«t. 
u/ I KiMoev. Managing Editor. 

W. J- Ki 



Stnall Letters nnil JUoi'etnent. 

30.— The work grows more difficult as we ad- 
vance, therefore the necessity for the most thorough 
preparation. In striving hard for forms do not 
sacrifice movement in the least and resort to draw- 
ing, for while you may gain some in form you will 
lose in movement, without which your writing is 
poor indeed. A "stunted" movement is the worst 
of all movements. Serious mistakes are sometimes 
made when it comes to applying movement to small 
letters, mainly for the reason that the muscles and 
nerves were not properly trained on small exercises. 
A small object is so apt to be passed by and treated 
as insignificant, and yet "a small body driven by 
great force will produce results greater than that of 
a much larger body moved by a considerably less 
force." Small letters and figures are more serviceable 

34.— Compare results " while the smoke is clear- 
ing away." Take true aim and shoot to kill. Your 
best weapon will be a " repeater." Cultivate the 
ability to write at different rates of speed. I use 
the above method on everything I teach. 

35.— In connection with this lesson keep review- 
ing No. 18 and do not fly the track as yon near the 
end. Note what the exercise contains. 

Special J'otnts /or Plate 19. 

36.— The special points to keep in mind on Plate 
No. 19 are : A slight pause at top of Y: loop below base 
short, crossing at base. If turn at base is pointed 
jump on to exercise 2 and 3 for T'and move rapidly. 
Z is made rapidly without pause. Pull downward 
and keep connecting loop small and on base line. 

39.— No other combination of lines contains as 
much as the a. Do not neglect this letter in your 
review. A whole "nest" of a's given you in the 
word Madagascar. 

40. — Now let us have some earnest telling prac- 
tice. Eeview your text as well as your copies. A 
good gleaner may gather and save more than a poor 

Speel»t$na Wanted. 

4:1.-1 shall be glad to receive latest specimens 

from every one. I am anxious to see your work on 

Plates 1, 3, 6, 7, 8. Send sheets in roll. It will cost 

you only two cents. Do this. 

Criticism and Answer Column. 

Send all specimens and communications intended for this 
column to L. M. Thornburgh, care of Sliencerian Busmess 
College, Evansville, lad. 

than capitals. Don't fail to give them the prepara- 
tion necessary and attention due them. 

About Revleir Drills. 

31.— Along with this lesson, and until we finish 
the group you should keep up regular and systematic 
practice on large, medium size and small exercises 
as per instruction in March lesson, not forgetting to 
reverse the ovals. 

32.— To those who have heeded instructions, 
nothing is more helpful at this point than the prac- 
tice of exercises within well defined limits, snch as 
the Schwinn Design in February lesson. This prac- 
tice is sure to become fascinating and is beneficial in 
many ways. 

Hole to Attach Capitals. 

3.'l.— One of the best ways to take up a capital is 
to feast your eyes upon copy, then retrace with dry 
pen until you are well acquainted with the form. 
Now close your eyes and use ink. Repeat this proc- 
ess until the letter is well developed. The next 
step is to further imbed the letter in muscles to stay 

End V with dot pointing downward to the right. 
Note location of lower loop in Q and end letter with 
deep compound curve pointing upward. Diminish 
size of letter until figure ~' is made. 

Binta on Plate SO. 

37.— Good w's and t>'s give foundation to several 

H. W. K., PranHin, N. H.— Can you in y--. -^, 

anytliing to help me and those like myself > Ans.— Well, 
I've been trying to say something. Suppose you and the 
hundreds like vou take a good square look at the above and 
then help yourself liberally to the remedy. Put that 
" Guide " from which you have been practicing on the shell. 
The illegible word above was cUpped from your letter. 


other letters as per first two illustrations in No. 20. 
Pause and locate dot before ending letters. The u 
belongs to the right curve group. A left curve in 
beginning and a compound in joining the v's. Page 
writing of words is in order after letters are learned 
in combination. 

by using what is termed the "shot gun" practice, 
which consists in firing away at the capital, the 
main object being to see how much muscular ammu- 
nition you can discharge in a given time. Many a 
shot may go astray, but some of them will bting 
down game. Letters best adapted to this kind of 
practice are those containing curved lines only, such 
»s 0, C, Q, Z. 

38.— The first part of n and last part of v are 
seen in the )•. Make first part short, retrace down 
stroke and locate turn directly above straight line. 
Do this by spreading nibs of the pen and reel to the 
left, almost forming a loop. The small c is made 
by throwing top over until end points downward. 
Avoid getting c too wide by aiming for straight line 
on down stroke. 

L. F. J., Valparaiso.— What movement do you use ? 
Ans.— I use the business movement and so do my pupils. 

H. C. W., Little Eock, Ark.— The writing of all my stu- 
dents is improved to the extent of specimens shown in Feb. 
JouuNAL, which were written by four and six more stu- 
dents, at a speed of from six to nine strokes per second. I 
like the size of your writing for correspoudeDce, but the 
style is not suitable for all purposes. 

A. H. T., 'Washington, D. C— Do you think I can ever 
learn to write? Have good health, am 2e years old. 
and am a hard worker at anything undertaken. A good 
hand would be worth $1,800 a year to me. Ans.— Your 
writing is poor indeed, but it you were under my pergonal 
instruction I would guarantee to you a good band in about 
six months' time or pay you ?2.0O per day while with me. 
You do not write as poor as Mr. Martin did a few months 

C. A. & J. C, Davenport, la.— About how large a class 
can be handled successfully by one teacher i Ans. : De- 
pends upon the teacher and method used. From fifty to a 
hundred In large classes when the majority need indi- 
vidual iostruotion in the way of criticism, suggestions, il- 
lustrations, etc. , I use a half dozen of my best students 
during a part of the writing hour, 

J. TV. B., Lincoln. Neb.— How much time daily do you 
give your writing class, and how is the time divided ? Aus. : 
From 9 until 10.10. The condition of class determines dow 


llIustratfoDS and explanations. Thirty . 

are (Jevote''l to time drilh aod remaining time given to in- 

divifjiial instruction or si>eed drills. 

L. H., E^tberviJIe, la.— Do you object to the use of pen 
bolder between first two fingern i Ans : I do. It indicates 
weakness or laziness, and sometimes both. 

L, C. H., Boston. — In business colleges where students 
enter at all times, do you form soparate classes for them. 
Ads. — The entire school takes up writing at the same lime. 
The beginner Is never iwrmitted to take up advanced work 

't^enjftOAA Q^tiC'Qj<:u.iA/zlP 

Vl^ ^3 ^f ^V <^=^-^ C ^ ^ ^ ^ £?-<r 

large forms, like loops, nse the small mnscles in a 
secondary manner, in conjunction with the larger 
muscles, to give system, accuracy and control. 
That is, if you cannot control the large muscles well 
enough to produce the desired results, then call into 
action the smaller muscles to assist in the work. 
Do not let your prejudice prevent you from using 
your God given and created forces when they can 
do the work better than other members. The fact 
of it is, you will find it hard enough to do good 

^ ^ a i^ C £9 ^ -^ ^J2^ -^ ^ 


In c1a88 until be Is prepared for it. Special attention is 
given btm in class and out of it until be is safe in position 
and can bnndle fairly well exercises in Plates 1, 3, 6, T and 
6. From tbis time on be takes up regular class drills on 
letters, figures and words, I cannot give you in this col- 
umn my nietbod for teaching a mixed class. 

Steno.. Dayton, Ohio. — What you sar about shorthand 
students taking penmanship and t)econiuig your best writ- 
ers is an eye opener for me. If convenit-nt will you please 
show a specimen or two through the Journal. Ans — 
Note specimens showing improvement by Misses Voelke, 
Spain and Kriekhaus in Jan. and Feb. number. Also see 
May JorBNAL. 



No. 4. 


Inverted or Lower Looj}». 

work by ueing all the muscles without trying to do 
all your work with a few. You may have some 
difficulty in getting the crossing up as far as the 
base line in the loops herewith in coming from the 
bottom, but it should be there. Do not stop the 
pen at the bottom but keep it moving. By close 
observation you will see that the down strokes in 

going down and at the base line coming np. If yon 
can make it as well as yon wish, and be sare of it 
each time without raising the pen, so much the 
better : bnt there are but few who can. This rais- 
ing of the pen so frequently may seem to many 
very detrimental, but I have yet to tind a sufficient 
number of fine penmen who do not raise the pen fre- 
quently, to indicate that it is bad. In truth, it is this 
very reason why many do not write better. They are 
fold not to raise the pen and not to use the fingers. It 
is simply another proof that precept is not as good as 
example. It I were to write as I were told I would 
not be giving lessons in The Penman's Art Journal. 
Why ? Because I was told to write, not as others 
wrote, but as some one thought it ought to be 


I have said nothing about spacing. The spaces be - 
tweeu letters should be a trifle wider than in letters. 
How much wider is a matter of taste rather than 
rule. You can gauge my taste by consulting the 
sentence "Good penmanship pays" on the first 
plate. Study it. You will see that all the words 
given for practice are not spaced the same. The 
spacing was juade wide in fotne and narrow in 
others, to give variety for practice. When your 
movements become cramped and slugglish it would 
be well to write the words with long strokes (wide 

L/ij^ £i^L£. y-t-^U^ ~t'lt_JL. yC^^-Tf-t.-V-l^^^ -<?'^?2-^>«-2-^^ ^ 

N the loops below the base line was 
where I first learned to use the binge 
rather than the finger action. And 
it may be you can apply the same 
movement to this class of letters 
most successfully in the beginning. 
It is not necessary to use the 
fingers. Even the enthusiasts of muscular move- 
ment recommend some finger action in the loops, 
bnt it is there I do not think it necessary to 
nse them, or at least not to produce their length. 
To mo it seems rather " funny " or queer to hear 
people say " use the fingers slightly in loops, but do 
not use them in the smaller letters." Now, it seems 
to me, that the larger the form the larger should be 


loops are not quite straight, or should not be so at 
least. It is generally supposed that they are straight 
and are usually so taught, but none of our best pen- 
men or engravers make them so. Your y's ought to 
make good /fs if reversed, your 2's should begin the 
same as n'%. The a and/are somewhat more difficult 

the action. In other words, when yon have large 
forms nse large muscles, and when you have small 
forms nse small muscles. But do not understand 
me to say that in small forms we should not use 
large muscles. We should use large muscles in 
small forms, in conjunction with small muscles, to 
give grace, strength and ease of execution. In the 

to execute because we have an upstroke three spaces 
long on the main slant. The little finger may slip 
or rest, whichever way you like best in producing 
the lower loop in these letters. It is best, however, 
to raise the pen as you come to the line before add- 
ing tbe final right curve. In the /the pen maybe 
raised to advantage twice, once near the crossing 

spacing) between the letters. We do not de«m it 
advisable to use wide spacing in the letters as it en- 
courages a scrawling hand. 

Form Siudif. 

Keep constantly in mind that nearly all angles are 
the same and nearly all turns are the same. For 
instance, the top of the small i should be the same 
as the junction of lines in /, the turns at the base 
should be alike as well. The turns at the top of an 
H should correspond with the one at the bottom and 
with those in u, h, etc. Reverse a small n and yon 
should have a good /. In fact by reversing your 
papers you can find many defects not usually notice- 
able. And if you cannot see defects you cannot im- 
prove rapidly. It will not do to know that some- 
thing is wrong. You must find what that some- 
thing is ; then, no doubt, you can eradicate the 
wrong by right practice. There is no one thing that 
will show you wherein you are deficient in percep- 
tion of form so well as penciling or drawing ttie 
letters slowly. By so doing the eye is required to 
direct the pencil, rather than the muscle. Now try 
it, and if you don't learn something let me know and 
I will. 

rraetice roinUra. 

Now don't be afraid to practice quite vigorously 
at times on the work given. It would be well if you 
would double the size of the copies at times, and at 
others to reduce the size a half and double the 
spacing. After practicing the different styles in this 
way always finish your work by practicing the size 
and spacing given in the copies. Keep your pens in 
good condition, also your ink. Grood material is 
essential, and it need not necessarily be expensive. 

C'riticUini f.'odtntt*. 

E. J. S., Galesburg, 111.— Your prospects are good. Your 
strokes ore too heavy, ink too black. I ilute with water 
gumarabic and blufciog (a little of each of the latter). 

D. G. J., East Oakland. Cal.— Up t-trokes too curving 
and not strong enough. Too much wrist action. Pause 
in fiaishing v and w. Doing well. 

M F., Wreotbam. Mass. — Down stroke of c too curving. 
Down stroke in o too nearly straight. Cross x upward. 
Raise pen in c and a. Last down stroke in a too curving 
and too nearly vertical. You're doing well though. 

'C/enjnaa^ dyCiC dA^auuLL? 


W. G B , Xewark, N. J.— Use oblique holder ; confiJeDce 
will come by practice. You did well. 

J S. M., Sr-ringfield. O.— Excellent. Practice more 
met bodies 11 y. Your strokes and forms are smooth. 

H. G. B.. Allebeny, Pa —Don't shade last dowu stroke in 
a. Your work is tbe most systematic received. Make dot 
of 1! heavier and higher. 

W. B. C, Gallatin. Tenn.-Your work is a trifle heavy. 
Raise pen io c. Cultivate smoothness and lightness. 

O. E. O., Minneapolis. Minn— Shades tooligbt. Strokes 
a trifle weak. Loop too narrow in c. Close s. Down 
stroke id c too curving. Doing well. 

J. B. W., Sterling, lil.— You came near the prize. A 
little more strength, please. Loop too small in e. Last 
down stroke in a not slanting enough. Fine quality of 

L. B. D., Danville, Va.— Can't give metronome iofor- 
mation. Don't tbink you need it. Your u's are too sharp 
At base ; don't stop there. Use c given in lesson. Small 
e too slender in words. You're doing splendidly. 

E. H. N., Carthage, Mo.— Down stroke in c too curv- 
ing. Movement too hesitating and sluggish. Raise pen 
in c and a. More freedom.and force is needed. Study tbe 
r closely. Your work is a trifle too compact. 

J. K. S., Taylor's Lsland, Md.— Raise pen in c and c. 
Small s too slanting, raise up stroke. Finish dot of v and 
IV more carefully. Stroke a trifle heavy. 

P. H. H., Fairweather, 111.— Use better stationery. 
Stroke too heavy. Dot c heavier. Loop in e too narrow. 
You do well. 

E. L. C, Cal. — Your outlook to become a fine penmau 
is good if you have not done much practicing as jet. 
Study form more closely and improve your movement by 
practicing more systematically. 

A. H., Jr., N.J. — You curve the upstrokes too much. 
Pause in flnishing u and w and enlarge dot. Retrace too 
luucb in u, t and w. Doing splendidly. 

Allen, No. 8, Pa. — Yes, you can become a fine penman. 
Raise the pen before stopping the motion in finishing let- 
ters. Make e fuller — use more rolling action. Make:* 
more pointed. Curve down sti-oke in o well. 

R. C. E., N. Y. — Your first style r's are not retraced; 
caused by allowing tbe little finger to slip to tbe right in 
making the last up stroke (retrace). You have failed to 
use enough of the rolling movement in your e's, conse- 
quently they are too narrow. Form a decided pause (you 
may raise the pen) in finishiEg your r's and if's. Your 
work is No. 1. 

G. L., N D.— See above about v and lu. You curve the 
down stroke of c too much ; caused by retracing the first 
stroke too far and by beginning with the left curve instead 
of the right. The same is true of your a's. A little more 
force to eradicate your kinks. 

C. H. L., La. — Your movement is "out of sight," that 
is, you haven't any. Get right down to business and make 
tbe pen spin. Work by the hour on the exercises In lesson 
one. You lack in both quantity and quality, but if you 
persevere, you can learn. 

W. J. H., Mass.— You can become a fine penman if you 
will use less muscular and more mental movement. Your 
practice is too rapid and thoughtless. If you will study 
detail more and cease to try to make all letters with the 
same movement you will be surprised at the results 

G. H. G., Hutchinson, Kan.— You'll get there. Finish u 
more carefully. Raise pen in c. Don't stop on base line in u 
or second part of a : too angular. Use better stationery. 

T. J., Bedford, Ind.— Dot of c and v too small. Small o 
too narrow ; close 'em ; use more circular action. Raise 
peo in c and a. Loop in e too narrow and a is too fat. Don't 
stop at top of 71. 

E. N. H., Mass. — Your work appears too delicate. Tbe 
tremor in tbe loops indicates that you are using the fingers 
to excess, and that you are timid— too little confidence to 
strike out with arm movement. More freedom and force 
of action will come by practice, with those things in view. 
Your Hi's are too sharp, indicating that you pause too long 
at the top; in fact you stop there. 

W, B. C, Tenn.— Your long connecting lines are rough, 
indicating that your lateral movement (binge) is not light 
and free enough. Your loops are a trifle flat on the left 
side. While it is usually considered that the down strokes 
in loops are straieht, they are in reality, or should be, 
slightly curved. You're improving. 

F. A. W., N. Y.— Tbe most of your work is too small, 
indicating a rather limited action. Uniform your ovals 
by practicing them vigorously and persistently. 

J. S. M., O. — Down strokes in loops a trifle straight ; 
otberwise you are improving very rapidly. 

J. K. 8. , Md.— See W. B. C. Strokes too heavy through- 
out. You stop the motion too abruptly at tbe base of /, 
causing an angle. 

Mr. W. B. Caldwell, Gallatin, Tenn., was awarded the 
prize iZaner's Gems of Flourishing) for haviug followed 
the lesson more nearly than any oiher. Two of my ex- 
students submitted better work, "but I did not tbink it fair 
to award to those who had received personal instruction 
along tbis line. All the work submitted was excellent and 
lam, therefore, much pleased.— Zaner. 

Y/??^Am4^//// yyyvwy 

The first issue of Thr, Z^ntrian Exponent, to be pub 
lished quarterly, at ten cents a year, by the Zaneriau Art 
College Company. Columbus, Ohio, is before us. It is 
bright, well written, well illustrated and contains a variety 
of plain and artistic pen work by the faculty and students 
of the Zaneriau Art College. It. like everythiug eminat- 
inu from the Zaneriau, is in good taste. The first uumher 
is worth mure than the ten cents asked for a year's sub- 
scriptiou and thousands of our readers should be on the 
-ffxjionejtCs subscription list. 

The specimpn of heavy script from the pen of F. L. Pel- 
If^^ of. The Journal artstatT. shown elsewhere in this 
'ftby tbe study and 

-<!^^2<^'Z.^-^^-^-^<^^.-t;^-Z?^-?^/ .-^^^^-^Z-^L^^T^ ^.■■■-^^...■^^-C^^^'^-^^^^^ 



She Got the Idea, 
A teacher of writing with whom we are well acquainted 
had a very pretty young lady pupil to whom he was pay- 
ing particular attention — giving instruction In forearm 
(not whole arm) movement. One day, in the class, when 
drilling on capital I, and after very particular personal in- 
struction from the teacher, she looked up into his face and 
with a little ejaculation of pleasant surprise, exclaimed, 
loud enough to be heard over tbe room : ^' Oh I now I get 
the I dear" (idea). It "brought down tbe house," and 
while the young woman hid her face in her arms on the 
desk, the teacher decided that be, too, had an idea, so he 
went to the board and changed the copy. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal : 

In your January number, under the head '* Commercial 
School Humor," there is a Westerner's definition of muscu- 
lar movement which seems to need a little farther ex- 
planation, for although it 

" Left the teacher in a daze,^' 
He must bave noticed another phase, 
For actual ti-uth the word conveys. 
You see it dawned upon his gaze. 
By practice and in other ways. 
That forearm movement always pays ; 
He hopes it will become a craze 
And is ever ready to sing its praise 
In hymn or song, or joyful lays 
For the remainder of bis days 
Without regard to yeas and nays 
Or even saying, *' av yez pla ze." 

A. W. Holmes. 
Salem, Mass. 


Some Kefli<lion8. 


"Executed with a pen" can often be construed 
literally. Many live designs are killed while being 
" executed with a pen." 

If any one has ever discovered a penman who was 
not born on a farm, he (the penman) can find an 
opening aa an itinerant on a dime museum circuit. 

If some penmen would spend as much time making 
their spelling as vertical as their writing, their let- 
ters would be easier to read and more creditable to 
the writers. 

A jadicious use of whole arm movement during 
the "'penman's leisure hour" has been known to 
'* surround '" and capture many a '* dear." 

The point a penman should use oftenest in punc- 
tuation — a pen point. 

A good draftsman— a bank draft clerk. 


Just discovered — New lands. 

Several of him — " Too much " Johnson. 

Tbe first penman — AdRm(s). 

A caucus politician (?)— Slater. 

Always polite because he'll— Bowser. 

Above the high-water mark— Dyke. 

His flourishes not tame — Wildish. 

Not boastful yet he Is— Krogh. 

Never sorrowful — Merrimao. 

Knows enough to come in out of the rain and keep — Dry. 

Never in a stew, always a— Fry. 

A good man to tie to — Hooke. 

A Scotch nobleman — Laird. 

A good listener because he— Hark ins. 

His work is up to the scratch — Chicken. 

Never dry and deeply interested -Wells. 

His " cat never came back " — Katkamier. 

Never caught, always on his— Gard. 

A festive nobleman— Gay lord. 

Flourishes early birds — Robins. 

Not a piece of a man, or a man of psace, but always for 
— Warr. 

Not a clerical, just a — Lehman. 

A good drawing team— Beck and Call. 

A heavy weight— Ful(l)ton. 

Opposed — Price and Free 

Our Diogenes — Tubbs. 

Believes in "high strune" work — Lynch. 

Begins at the bottom — Root 

Doesn't hold back, but lets hergo--Gallagher. 

Not slow— Swift. 

A good penman and a — Goodman. 

Not old style— Young. 

The ladies' favorite— Darling. 

Up in the world— Hill. 

Believes in colored work — Dyer. 

A bunting party— Caonou, Gunn, Shott, Hunt and 

Happy penmen— P. H. and C. A. Bliss. 

Has more speed than his name would indicate- Slocum. 

" Takes the bakery "—Baker. 

On the watch— Pickett. 

Always on the square— Joiner and Carpenter. 

Not dull— Bright and Sharp. 

A "smooth" citizen if his name is— Harsh. 

" Birds"— Marlins and Herou. 

" Arrives at the destination " — Winner. 

The Solomon of the profession— Wise. 

Uses well developed "muscular" movement from the 
shoulder — Sullivan . 

The "coming" penmen— Campbells. 

Not long — Short. 

Believes in light and shade- Moon. 

Believers in movement— Walk, Walker, Waltz, Run- 
nel Is. 

Has reached the top— Sarrett. 





Lesson IV continues theiepresentationot water; 
bnt instead of being still or quiet, it is shown in 
more or less agitation by the wind. Water in mo- 
tion seems to be one of the most unstable elements 
of nature. It is exceedingly difficult to predict what 
forms or shapes it will assume, even when we know 
something of tlie forces which cause the motion. 
The causes of its motion are often very complex, and 
even contradictory. So true are the above obseiva- 
tious, that surh expressions as " unstable as water " 
and the " treacherous sea," or ocean, have become 

And yet, as Byron says : 

" There is a pleasure in the pathless woods. 
There is a rapture on the lonely shore. 
There is society, where none intrudes. 

By the deep sea, and music in its roar." 
" KoJl on Ihou deep aud dark blue ocean— roll ' " 

Again, "There are few prettier sights than the 
beach at a seaside town on a tine summer's day : the 
waves sparkling in the sunshine, the water and the 
sky each blner than the other, while the sea seems 
as if It had nothing to do but to laugh and play with 
the children on the sands." 

(Read, also, Ruskin's description of a storm at sea 
in Modern Pciinters, Vol. II, pages 138 and 139.) 

Notwithstanding there is an apparent lawlessness 
in the motions of the sea, there is sometimes dis- 
coverable a kind of "method in its madness." Aa 
when the wind continues to blow steadily in one di- 
rection for some time, the water rises in parallel 
waves of considerable regularity. (See Fig. 4). In 
cases of this kind, these parallel waves will usually 
be more or less retreating, aud they must be made 
to converge in the direction of their retreat, accord- 
ing to one of the simplest laws of perspective. 

If, when the above conditions have prevailed for 
some time, the wind should change its direction 
considerably, a second series of parallel waves would 
be formed, crossing the first series more or less 
obliquely. At the points where one wave crosses 
others, a double force would be exerted, causing 
hillocks of water more or less prominent. Such an 
appearance is slightly shown in Fig. 4 : but after 
the wind has subsided the effect is more distinctly 
seen in Fig. 5. 

Figures 1, 2, 3, 6 and 7 show effective conventional 
methods of representing agitated bodies of water, 
very common with artists who draw for the neas- 
papers and magazines. They are done rapidly, are 
effective, and are quite suitable for illustrative 
sketching for teachers. Sketch No. 4 is quite formal 
and rigid, but allowable for the sake of clear and 
vivid concepts on the part of the children. 


No. 3. 
i^.'t'iihi^Wjrjgi^IMn Jtevii-tctlty J*i*c liniltarits, 

rii ^i^^gRACTICE wiih the school in tak- 
fj T J.':i& i°K tlie " front position." as ei- 
p- l^^F- j^ plained in No. 1. 
'-' X n?' '^"" °°^ minute on correct 
'^';. holding of pens and pencils, not- 
■■ ingthedifferences See first lesson. 
Kememlitr to illastrate how to do each and every- 
thing required of the students, and bear in mind 
that in so doing yon should always stand in front of 


the school, to their left, with your right side turned 
toward the pupil, so that you can see all in the room 
and be seen by all. Keep that geography or hand 
board near at hand and use it frequently. For con- 
venience we will call it the "hand board." 

Drill rapidly on movements without pens or pen- 
cils one or two minutes each, as given in previous 
lesson. Repeat with dry pens. 

Place No. 1 on the blackboard and illustrate with 
" hand board." Practice by pupils with pens and 
ink and pencils three minutes. Follow with No. 2, 
then 3 and 4, counting for each downward stroke, 
students counting in concert, keeping time with pens. 

Spend a few minutes with No. -5. 

Do not forget to illustrate each and every exercise 
by using your hand board as often as seems neces- 

Lateral Xorement. 

Exercise 6 and those that follow are to develop lat- 
eral movement, the object being to stop at any de- 
sired place, the paper being turned so that the writ- 
ing falls across the ruled lines. No. 7 is the same, 
except that the hand moves further before the point 
or stop is made. 

Drill on these frequently, aiming to train the hand 
to stop at any desired place. 


Drill on the ovals, as in yesterday's lesson. 

No. 8 should be made with long beginning and 
finishing strokes, with the point enlarged into a 
small i. In making the i, stop slightly at the upper 
part, bring the downward stroke ([uickly to the ruled 
line — that is, do not draw the pen — make the turn as 
short as possible without changing the speed, and 
finish with a long sweep to the right, keeping the 
same speed as for the first stroke, and take the pen 
off the paper while the hand is in motion. The 
downward stroke in this exercise should fall on 
every other ruled line. Take the pen off the paper 
while making the finishing stroke of each letter. The 
count should be : '■ Glide, one, finish; " again, ready, 
"glide, one, finish," etc. Insist upon light lines and 
neat work. 

No. 9 should be made so that each down stroke 
will fall on a ruled line. Count : ' ' Ready," " glide," 
" one, ' " two," " three," "four," " finish." At the 
word " glide " the pens make the first stroke, and a 
down stroke for each numeral, and the last stroke at 
the word " finish." Use this plan in all the exercises 
herewith. Narrow the distance between down 
strokes, begin with " ready,'' make ten down strokes 
and "finish.' Be particular to have the turns and 
angles given much attention. 

No. 10. Count: "Ready," "glide," "one," "two," 
"finish." Do not shade the work. Do not permit 
the thnmb to bend. Keep the wrist and fleahy part 
(side) of the hand off the paper. Swing the forearm 
and hand without bending the fingers or turning the 
hand in any direction. Remember, the arm, hand, 
fingers and thumb all move as a unit, and the swing- 
ing is done on the muscle near the elbow. Do not 
push and pull the arm back and forth in the sleeve, 
simply swing it. Do not wear tight sleeves. Pro- 
fessional penmen cut off the under sleeve, and have 
£he coat or dress sleeve very loose. 

No. 11. This is a modification of the preceding, 
making a letter on each ruled line. Narrow the 
distance between down strokes, and produce ten 
strokes before stopping. Count carefully. 

No. 12. Begin the count thus : " Ready," " glide," 
"one," "two," "finish." Notice the turns are at 
the top, and one angle and one turn at the line. The 
second turn at the top is particularly difficult. Make 
the exercise across six ruled lines. 

No. 13. This is the same as No. 12, except that 

there is one more turn and one more angle ; hence 

the time is: "Ready," "glide," "one," "two," 

" three," " finish." Haveeach pupil take a newsheet 

of paper, and place it bo the writing will follow the 

ruled lines. The name and date should be written 

on the first line, as explained in the last issue of The 

Journal. At the close of the lesson, collect the 

papers, ink, etc., and conform to the other directions 

given therein. 

° remonal Criticiavi. 

No. 14. Do not count for this, but see that each 
one writes with a steady motion. After a short time, 
make the word much shorter. The turns will need 
careful attention. Try to manage to make a personal 
inspection of each pupil's work, but do not sit down 
to write copies. About a minute, or two minutes at 
most, is long enough to spend with any student un- 
less he is a veri/ poor writer. Do not neglect the lit- 
tle ones ; give them special instruction, and see that 
their pencils are held as previously described, and 
that they are properly whittled down. Do not 
sharpen the writing point. 

No. 15. Observe the directions for No. 14. 

The work outlined for this day is sufficient for 
several day's practice in the average school. 

Do not attempt too much. " Everlasting.sticking 
to it brings success." 


Practice the ovals, observing the instractions for 
Monday's lesson. 

No. 16. Write across the ruled lines, and make the 
exercise cross six lines in its length. 

Count: "Ready," "glide," "one," "finish." 
Make the letter small, and close it at the top. 

No. 17. A letter should be made on each ruled 
line, having six letters in each group. Count : 
"Ready," "glide," "one," "two," " three," " four," 
"five," " six," "finish." 

No. 18. Make each letter on a ruled line, being 
careful to write across the rulings. 

Do not count. Require free movement. If the 
pens scratch the movement is not good, or the pens 
ne«d changing. Correct this at once. 

No. 19. Change to a new sheet of paper, and write 
in the direction of the ruled lines. 

The distance between down strokes, the turns and 
angles will need careful attention. 


Drill on the ovals as before. 

No. 20. Ciunt: "Ready," "glide," "one," 
" finish." The exercise should cross one-third its 
height, and should be carried the width of six ruled 

No. 31. Each down stroke should be made on a 
rnled line. Make six letters without stopping or 
lifting the pen. The down stroke is straight, on the 
main slant, nearly to the line, therefore curve the 
up stroke back or to the left, and get the crossing 
one-third the height of the letter. 

No. 22. Write across the lines, using wide spacing 
between the letters, and try to secure an easy, glid- 
ing movement. 

No. 23. All take new paper. Write carefully, 
giving especial drill on the last turn in m and n. 

Practice the ovals, as for Monday. 

No. 24. The time is the same as for No. 12, and the 




exercise should extend across six lines. Close each 
letter at the tup, and get the turn short at the line. 

No. 2n. Make six letters in a group before lifting 
the pen from the paper. Be careful how the count 
is given, as much will depend upon the teacher 
in this respect, and faulty counting will retard the 
progress of the school. 

No. 26. Do not coimt. Have each letter made on 
a ruled line, writing across the paper. Turns and 
angles must be observed — particularly the last turn 
in m. 

No. 26. — All change paper, as heretofore. 

Write in the direction of the ruled line. In gen- 
eral, keep watch of the points mentioned in No. 26. 

Wora Sparlna. 

Spacing between words should be carefully taught 
and rigidly enforced. After the finishing stroke of 
each word the beginning stroke in the next word 

commences directly under the point where the finish- 
ing stroke stopped. This produces solid body writ- 
ing and is one of the elements of beauty in page 

Enough for Several Wteka' rracllcs in These Letaona. 

These five lessons contain enough material for sev- 
eral weeks' practice. 

The purpose of the exercises given in this number 
is to develop that most difficult of all movements 
used in writing— the lateral— and each exercise 
should be carefully presented and thoroughly 

The teacher must practice the lesson faithfully, 
using the blackboard, " hand board," pen and ink, 
before attempting to teach the lesson. 

Remember, at each lesson, to direct the students 
how to move the paper so as to overcome the neces- 
sity that would otherwise exist for moving the arm 
from its position. 

At the close of each lesson collect the ink, paper, 
etc., as previously instructed. 


'JS^IgS' ^^njncuC)Qyti£'CL%auuu& 

\ co. c£)\u c/)im. cmig. 

A^ \f- 

ir \)\:nQ. irn.m., s 




fourth or fifth book, which woulil bring the pupils 
well on to the fourth or fifth year in school. Prob- 
ably in no other subject would educators think of 
treating children as such incapables. Children who 
before entering school at five or six years of age have 
quite a large vocabulary and are able to express their 
ideas clearly must be kept practicing silly, meaning- 
less exercises and words for years. 

Trtteing Coj/lea a Waste of Time amt Energy, 

50.— Much time and energy has been wasted by 
practicing on tracing copies. We have made repeated 
experiments with these exercises and the results 
have always pointed to the fact that they are worse 
than useless. No one can learn either form or move- 
ment by such practice because the attention becomes 
completely absorbed by the effort to keep the point 
of the pen on the line. 

Siiftre UHltnfi Ts Srnfti'h'sn. 

^ 1. — Space ruling is equally senseless. In our ex- 
periments we have used writing practice books with 
space ruling up to the fourth year grade, and we 
have found that better work can be done from 
the very first with but a base line. Just as we con- 
demn tracing copies and space ruling we disapprove 
two or more copies on a page. These all embrace a 
wrong principle— that is, that the aim of the learner 
should be to follow in every detail the set copy. He 
must be hedged in on every side. We believe that 
the pupil must be trained to get the copy in his 
mind, a more or less definite concept of the form 
and of the proportions of the parts, and that this 
mental picture should be the real copy that the hand 
tries to reproduce. The little kindergarten girl had 
the right idea of drawing who, when complimented 
upon a picture she had made and had been asked 
how she was able to draw so well, said : " Oh I don't 
know ; I .iust fink a fink and then draw a mark 
round it." The first lessons in writing are in a sense 
drawing lessons, but the child artist draws the same 
form again and again until he can do it almost au- 
tomatically. There must, however, be an ideal form 
in the mind with which to compare the manual 
product. The child who tries to follow exactly the 
book copy will never learn to write with freedom. 

A I'ni/orm and Strreotype Sti/le Vnnttlttral. 

52.— The effort to train pupils through unnatural 
modes into writinga uniform and stereotype style has 
everywhere so signally failed that a few educators 



No. 4. 

TItr ll'ttrd and Smtcni-f Method. 

4<t.— Many well known teachers and supervisors 
have for some time urged that young children should 
not try to form letters until they liad been trained con- 
siderably in movement, after which they should prac- 
tice on such exercises as 7»i/(», ?«((»), etc., some going 
80 far as to insist that the child's practice should be 
limited to combinations of 11 and »i until they could 
be well formed and freely written with the arm move- 
ment. Many liave taught these exercises together with 
simple words only up to the third year in school, 
and have arranged a complete series of counting 
exercises from them to train whole classes of pupils 
to move their pens ryhthmically. 

47.— Who has not seen teachers analyze a letter 
thus : 

1. Upward left curve turn ; 

2. Downward straight line angle ; 

3. Upward left curve turn ; 

4. Downward straight line turn ; 

f). Upward right curve. Then count " one, two, 
three, four, five ; one, two, three, four, five, ad in- 
/im'fum, while fifty or sixty children, like so many 
machines, make marks as directed and are supposed 
to be learning to write. 

.Vo Ttco CMIdrrn Alikt. 

48.— We have at least got far enough in child 
study to know that no two children can most profit- 
ably do a thing in exactly the same way in precisely 
the same time, etc. Is it surprising that true teach- 
ers have turned in utter disgust from such cramping, 
benumbing, personality- obliterating methods as 
these '^ It is true very similar methods are used in 
other subjects where children are taught in herds. 
but that does not make it right, and with that we 
have nothing to do here. 

Voptj-Booh Metltodit at Fault. 

40.— Few of the series of copy-books either in 
America or England have made provision for prac- 
tice on more thau single words earlier than the 

have discarded formal writing lessons altogether in 
the hope that better results will be obtained by per- 
mitting the children to develop their writing habits 
through the regular lessons in written expression. 
These men argue that the writing lessons have been 
purely mechanical, have lacked the essential element 
of interest and have wasted time and effort; that what 
is needed to call forth the best mechanical effort is 
_ the stimulus of thought expression. We are not sur- 
prised that some have swung to this extreme, and 
we fully appreciate the importance of interest and 
thought impulse, but we believe this idea expresses 
only one, and that not the chief, of the causes of the 
failure of the old method. You will have observed 
that children who ordinarily spell well make absurd 
mistakes in orthography in original composition. 
Sometimes, on looking over your own manuscript, 
especially where you have had a struggle in the ex- 
pression of your thought, you are astonished at the 
ridiculous errors in English you have made. These 
facts are easily explained. 'The attention cannot be 
concentrated upon more than one thing at a time. 
Hence, when the mind is completely absorbed in 
collecting, arranging and expressing ideas, such mat- 
ters as spelling, writing and the form of language are 
neglected. We are endeavoring to work out a happy 
medium between the special lessons in pothooks and 
principles, single letter forms, movement and count- 
ing exercises, etc., on the one hand, and the entire 
absence of writing lessons on the other. 

JVM tyrtttnu front titr .'^tart. 

53. — We use and recommend pen writing for all 
written reproduction work from the first, and begin 
the writing lessons with easy words to be previously 
developed in the reading and language lessons, etc. 
These words should grow into sentences similarly 

54.— Children can learn to write a word much 
more easily than a single letter and a word with 
an illustration will suggest any number of sentences 
or stories to them. 

55. — It IS a quarter of a century since the best 
schools abandoned the a, b, c method of teaching 
reading, it having been found that a child learns 
the word " dog " much more readily than the letter 
" d," chiefly because the word means something to 
him : an association is established between the word 
form and the child's preformed concepts of the 
animal itself and its spoken name. These schools 
have generally retained the a, b, c method of teach- 
ing writmg, although the same principles apply in 
both cases. Reading is thought getting, and if oral 
thought expression. Writing is another form of 
thought expression. Words have the additional 
advantage of presenting letters and their parts in 
their proper relation. The best copies for begin- 
ners, therefore, are familiar words, especially when 
the thing named is also pictured to stimulate interest 
and association. Place one of the copies on plate ."i 
before a child who has never been taught to write, 
let him take a good look at it and then take the copy 
away, ask him if he remembers the form of the 
letters; if he does not, let him have another look at 
the copy, and then let him %vrite it from memory. 
You will probably be astonished to see how well he 
can reproduce the word in this way. 

50. — The copy should not be placed before the 
pupil to work from until he has in this way learned 
to write from it without copying it line by line. At 
first some children will separate too far the letters 
that have no connecting lines, but they soon correct 
this tendency. The advantages of placing before the 
child copies without connecting lines are very much 
greater than the slight disadvantage of the irregnlar 
separation of the letters. Many children never really 
know the form of the letter until they see it in a 
word without its connecting lines. 

Large Coplea Bft. 

57. — The copies on plate 5 will to many appear to 
be much too large. In the " Volpenna Lessons" 
published some time ago we pointed out that: 
" Every effort of the eye to read, to ob"erve like- 
nesses and differences in the forms and to obtain 
clear, accurate concepts, as well as of the hand to 
reproduce the mental picture formed, is much easier 
than with copies of the ordinary size. Little 
children never take kindly to fine work. Their sew- 
ing, knitting, drawing or paper cutting is always 
coarse. There is behind this a natural law that 

applies with eqnal force to writing. Moreover, no 
practice is better than writing these large forms for 
developing confidence and ease in writing." 

58. — A few of onr teachers objected to these 
copies 88 being altogether too large tor the pupil's 
regular work and refused to encourage them in 
writing this size, but at the end of the term the 
writing in their classes was so inferior to the others 
they have gladly encouraged it since. 

o5>. — Senior pupils coming to our schools from 
other places always practice on exercises as large as 
the primary work for a short time. We find it 
supplies the best possible training in freedom and 

Fraternal Notes. 

— D. S. Weioheimer is penman and princiDal of Com'l 
Dppt of the North Tonawauda, N. Y., High School. He 
is going to enter worit from his pupils in The Journal 
Public School Contest. 

— J. O. Gordon, Supvr., Rocky River, Ohio, is a good 
penman and teacher and has won the good will of the peo 
l4e of his city. 

— H. Cbaroplin, Supvr. at Ciocinnati. will spread the 
gospel during the summer months at Glens Falls, N. Y., 
Summer School and at seveial other places. He preaches 
good writing twelve months in the year. 

~ J. W. Robertson, Supvr., Denver, Col., is a hard- 
working writing enthusiast, and not only works hard him- 
self, but so enthuses the teachers that they second his 
efforts. Scores of his teachers subscribe for The Journal. 

— Miss Clara Bauks, special teacher of writing and draw- 
ing in Osage, la., is thoroughly in love with her work, 
and as a consequence has been very successful in her pres- 
ent location. 

— Miss Mary Conditt, former student of E. L. Miller, 
Simpson College, Indianola, la., is the special teacher of 
writing in the city schools of Chariton, Iowa. 

— The principal of Honesdale, Pa., public schools, 
(reorge W. Twitmyer, is pai'ticularly interested in the 
writing of the pupils, and gives this subject its due atten- 
tion in bis schools. We wish we could say the same thing 
(or every public school principal in America. 

— 1. S. Preston is now teaching in Wiuthrop and Pea 
body, Mass. 

— Iq a recent number of School Education, Minneapolis, 
Minn., we find a very interesting article on *' Vertical 
Writing" by the Supvr., J. D. Bond, of St. Paul, Minn. 
Mr. Bond is in frequent demand as a lecturer to teachers 
aud others on writing. He has an engagement at Milwau- 
kee, Wis-, to speak before the teachers of that part of the 

— Miss J. J. Kelley, Ware, Mass., is a good writer and 
well versed in teaching writing and other branches in 
public schools. She is about to take up writing as a spe- 

The fifty-eighth annual report of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Cleveland, O., is a very elaborate and comprehen- 
sive volume of .100 pages. We do not remember having 
seen any city school report to equal it. Every phase of the 
work is given due attention, and the writing and drawing 
IS not neglected, having a dozen or so full-page half-tones 
and colored plates, as well as reports from Supervisor of 
Writing Clark and Supervisor of Drawing Aborn. We 
are indebted to Mr. Clark for this handsome volume. 

In a recent letter, Mr. Zaner said that The Jour- 
nal must be counted as a paying advertising 
modium. He receives orders for supplies, 
etc., from a new ad. before he has re- 
ceived his copy of the paper. It shows 
that our subscribers read The Journal's 
advertising columns. 


1-6, 1-io. BoikI, IiiiI. 

Annual Lecture — ''Color in Nature and in 
Ornament."— Prof. Henry T. Bailey, State 
Supervisor of Drawing, Mass. 

" Fundamental Art Principles Capable of 
Bemg Recognized and Practiced in the 
Work of Elementary Schools," — Jesse H. 
Brown, Supervisor of Drawing, Indian- 

'* Drawing in Primary Grades," — Miss Cora 
Ney, First Grade Teacher, Coquillani 
School, South Bend, Ind. 


"What are the Distinguishing Characteristic'^ 
of Our Present American Decorative De- 
sign f'— Miss R. E. Selleck, Teacher n[ 
Drawing. Indianapolis High School. 

President, E. Newton Reser, LaFayette, Ind 

Owing to the great pressure on our col- 
umns this issue we are obliged to omit 
the School and Personal page. It ^will 
appear as usual next month. 

Weil-Known Supervisors. 

Freedom, O., was the birthplace of A. A. Clark, Super- 
visor of Writing, Cleveland, O., and the time was Septem- 
ber 2, 1849. He served the usual penman's apprenticeship 
on the farm, attended and occasionally taught district 
schools. His education was principally obtained at 


Public School Work. 

— Supr. G. S. Herrick, of the Kendallviile, Ind.. 
schools, sends a package of common sense business writing 
from his High School seventh and eighth pupils. The 
work is neat, uniform and the letters are well formed. A 
little more speed and movement would help it, however. 
Among the best writers we notice Katie Mueller, Ada 
Whitford, Hallah Whitford, Sophie Loman, Jennie 
Auman, Belle Pepple, Bessie Bruce, Katie Coleman, 
Minnie Brueggemann, Maud E. Bower. 

— Well executed drawings of some of the flourished de- 
signs that have recently appeared in The Journal have 
been received from J. W. Nichols, a 13-yearold, fith grade 
pupil of Supervisor S. S. Purdy, of Des Moines, la. 
The designs are copied faithfully so far as form goes, and 
the artistic effect produced by so young a pupil leads us 
to think that he should be encouraged to pursue drawing 
and art matters further. 

Writing as Taught in Public Schools of 
Leading American Cities. 

clh IiiHtnllmeiU »!' Kepoi-ti 
.louriinl from City Siipc 
llceini in October Jonrnnl. 

Ravenna. O , High School; Hiram, 0.,Coll., and the Spen- 
cerian Bus. Coll., Cleveland. He has taught in the Bryant 
& Stratton Bus. Colleges in Philadelphia, Chicago, and 
Newark, N. J. 

In 1878 he began teaching in the public schools of Cleve- 
land, and when A. P. Root resigned as Supervisor of 
Writing, Mr. Clark was elected to the position and has 
held the place ever since. There are 1,000 teachers em 
ployed in the Cleveland schools, and Mr. Clark has suc- 
ceeded in traming them as good blackboard writers 
and teachers of writing. Cleveland's writing exhibit 
at the World's Fair attracted much attention and se- 
cured an award. All specimens, good, bad and indifferent, 
from eight grades were shown in this exhibit. 

From the fifty-eighth annua! report of the Board of Edu- 
cation we gather quite a good deal of information about 
Mr. Clark's method. He maintains a Saturday morning 
training class for the teachers, visits the schools frequently 
and regularly, Inspects the teaching as well as the writing 
of the pupils. The ordinary written work is examined 

Mr. Clark is happily married, has a son aged ten, and 
enjoys home life. He is a member of the Royal Arcanum, 
National Union Society and the Uniform Rauk, Alpha Div. 
No. I R A. 


POLL of the superintendents of 
American public schools on the 
question of vertical writing has 
shown that a small number are not 
in favor of it, that quite a large 
number have not investigated it 
sufficiently to care to express an 
Lijuuion, while the majority of those 
ex pressing any decided opinion 
favor it. 
The supervisors and teachers of writing claim that 
the opinion of the average superintendent as to meth- 
ods of teaching writing is worthless— "is not worth 
a continental " as one well known Supervisor put it. 
We are not attempting to decide whether this is 
true or not. All we desired to do when we started 
the investigation was to find for the information of 
The Journal's readers when and where vertical 
writing was being introduced, with what success 
it had met, and the opinions of the various superin- 
tendents. Our readers may decide for themselves 
how much value to place on the opinions of the su- 

Here are the questions submitted to each of the 
superintendents in American cities with a popula- 
tion of 10,000 or over : 

First. —Have yoii invewtlBftted the clalniw o( verlioal 

utiht I 

Third.— Are copy-books used ceii 
If so* on what desiree ol slant are 
;;ation of the books used vrill give 
[iou In thlH conuectiou.) Aud is 

? (A speclfl- 
red iuforma- 
ral tendency 


A copy of thia iaene o( The Jol-rnal is sent to the 
Bnp't of BchoolB in everj' American city and town 
of 1.000 popnlation and over. The object is to show 
them what we are doing in the line of pnblic school 
work, with the hope that they will consider the 
matter of safficient importance to bring tbe paper to 
the attention of their teachers. During the past 
year all the general educational papers of national 
reach combined have not printed so much relating to 
the teaching of writing and drawing in the public 
schools aw The Penman's Art Journal, and it is 
well within the facts to say that it would not be 
possible to obtain from any other source for $U) as 
ranch on these lines as a Journals subscription 
gives for fl. This price includes as premium a com 
plete work of eelfinstniction in writing of especial 
value to teachers. Without premium we will make 
a 8i>ecial price of fiO cents to superintendents who 
will kindly bring the paper to the attention of their 
teachers, or of 50 cents each where several join 
in a club. Please look this paper over carefully, 
page by page, and see if you think any school oflBcial 
or teacher would not find it a profitable investment 
at a cost of a few cents a month. 

The tendency toward the employment of pooman- 
ship specialists in the public schools has been very 
marked during the past two years. Frequently 
these teachers are also able to lend a hand at the 
regular work. The Journal is in close touch with 
practically the entire body of American penman- 
ship teachers, and will gladly undertake to find for 
any superintendent, without charge, a teacher of the 
class indicated. 

Nothing that has ever occurred during The Pen- 
man's Art Journal's nearly twenty years of ham- 
mering — hammering — hammering away at public 
school teachers, has been more gratifying that the 
widespread interest in writing that is now every- 
where ap|>arent among progressive teachers and 
officials of such schools. 

Returning to the superintendents' reports, after a 
moment's digression, it will be seen by examination 
of the summary at the close of this article that The 
Journal has received reports from the superinten- 
tentsof a large proportion of the larger American 
cities. We shall be glad to hear from school officials 
generally, especially with regard to the result of any 
experiments that may have been made in the writing 

I'pabody, Mags. 

1. I have given some attention to vertical writicg. 
Those of its advocates who seem to have any ideas of what 
they are talking about seem to be thinking of the use 
of tbe finger movement pure and simple, and that viove- 
m«nt i$ NOT AnAPTED to the breaking wp of cramped po- 
sitions of the hand and bad pen holding, which gener- 
ally exists in the public schools at the present time. If 
the muscular movement be used for vertical writing with 
the lines parallel with the front of the body, as advocated, 
either the paper must be drawn to tbe left or the rest 
Hipped to tbe right as the writing progresses along the line. 
This seems to nie objectionable. I have seen some vertical 
writing which seemed less trying to tbe eyes than any ob- 
lique writing with which I have compared it. 

3. Copy-booke are not used to any great extent. 

Jno. B. Oifford, Supt. 

Mauiatee, Mich. 

1. I have Investigated the claims of vertical writing. I 

believe it is more easily Uught and more legible than tbe 

old systems. I tbiuk, however, it takes away a great 

deal of ibe beautiful in writing. 

S. No. We are thinking of trying it In a room or two 
us an experiment. 

8. We use tbe Normal Review system of copy books 
for H sort of a guide. Most of the writing is done on 
practice paper. I believe tbe general tendency is to write 
a little more nearly vertical than the copy. 

D. A. Reagh^ Supervisor of Writing. 
Seattle, Washtnylon. 
1. Y«a. If some person discoverstbecorrectslantfor the 
normal hand, or that it should write perpendicularly, what 
are we to do with tbe large per cent, of abnormal hands f 
I believe it nni-easonable and physiologically unscieutifio 
to soy that all persons shall make tbe down strokes verti- 
cally, or that they shall tilt the letters auy set number of 
detireea to the right or left of vertically. A majority of my 
pupils slope their lettei-s slightly— say from twenty to thir- 
ty-five degrees. Do not moving bodies incline toward the 
object they are approaching ? To have character or soul in 
handwriting you must have individualitv, and teaching 
pupils to write vertically or to slope their letters in any 
iet manner will do more to rob them of this than all other 
things combined. When teachers make a greater study of 
human nature— how to enlist the child— and tbe analysis of 
human muscles. v>sychoIogy and physiology, and when thev 
uractice their pupUs more in movement drills and less in 
form study, slant and shade, then will the greatest good 
be attained from our labors. 
S. No. 

3. No. We use Wilson's Penmanship practice tableti, 
and write copies on the board. 

Judaon P. Wilson, Supervisor of Writing. 

Elgin. III. 

1. I have examined into the merits of vertical writing 

quite a little. I am favorably impresBed with the system 

and believe bettfr results can be obtained from it, in a 

•horter time, than by tbe eloping^ writing. 

2. A number of our teachers in tbe lower grades have 
taught it duriug the post year with excellent results. 
Teachers who had pupils tbat'did poor work with the slant- 
ing syst«m allowed them to substitute tbe vertical, and 
always found that they improved much more rapidly. 

3. The Normal Review system of copy-books is geuerally 
but not exclusively used. Some teachers do belter work 
without a copy book, and are allowed to give instruction 

In one of our Hrst primary rooms the teocber placed a 
copy of slanting writing on the board and said nothing to 
tbe pupils about slant, and out of about twenty I noticed 
that about eighteen used the vertical writing. From this I 
concluded that when beginners are left to themselves to 
choose their own slope they adopt the vertical, and that 
tbe vertical is the natural inclination. 

H. F. Derr, Supt. 
Cairo, 111. 

1. I have investigated the claims of tbe vertical- both 
tbe theory and tbe practice. It is the more rational and 
natural system. It is more practicable. The results aie 
obtained •arlier with no bad habits of pen holding. 

2. Six of my best teachers taught the system nine months 
tbe pnst year as an experiment. We will use it in nil 
tbe schools tbe coming year. 

3. Tbe Eclectic system of copy-books is generally used in 
our schools. The tendency of our students is to write mere 
vertical than copy. T. V. Clendengn, Supt. 

Wichita, Kantaa. 

1. I have investigated its claims somewhat, and as a re- 
sult am more thoroughly convinced that it rests on a basis 
of common sense. I think it has come to stay. We do 
many things in penmanship, as in other branches, simply 
because some one has done so before us. We ought to do 
what this practical age demands, and in what way it de 
luands that it be done. 

a. No. 

S. We use the Barnes system of copy-books. 

Wm. Ricfiard$ony Supt. 
Pateraon. N. J. 

I. Have investigated tbe claims of vertical writing, and 
formed the opinion that it is worth trying in our schools. 

8. It has been tried in ourscbools to a limited extent. We 
shall continue our experiment with it. 

3. Copy-books with .53" slant are used in perhaps one-half 
of our schools. I think the general tendency of pupils is 
to write more vertically than the copy. 

J. A. Reinhart, Supt. 
Eaat Orange, N, ,T, 

1. Yes. It seems more legible and more easily acquired, 
but I believe it requires more effort to write continuously 
a long time. 

'Z. Four mouths in two high primary grades as an experi- 
ment — with excellent results. 

3. Copy-books (53' slant) are used in all grades except 
two where vertical writing is taught. More vertical until 
there is an attempt to teach proper pen holding, then usu- 
ally less. Vernon L. Davay, Supt. 
Topeka, Kan. 

1. Yes. Believe in it. 

2. No. 

3. Roudebush Writing Chart in tbe bands of the pupil. 
No class work. Recitation conducted on the individual or 
" laboratory " plan. Tendency to the vertical. 

Yours sincerely, W. M. Davidson, Supt of Schools. 
Saginaw, Mich 

1. Yes. It is superior to tbe slanting system in all es- 
sential points. 

2. Yes. About one year. I am well pleased with the re- 
sults The work of the pupils is more legible and their po- 
sition far belter. 

3. Yes. Harper's. Maynard & Merill's in twenty-five 
rooms for tbe vertical writing. Pupils follow tbe slant of 
copy-books very well while they are being drilled upon the 
same, but as soon as this is stopped the tendency is toward 
the vertical style. A. S. Whitney, Supt 

iJoUon, Cat. 

We have tested the system thoroughly for five months. 
My opinion is very favorable. I addressed a circular let- 
ter to my teachers asking for opinions. Teachers, not su- 
perintendents, are the proper judges in this matter. I give 
you an epitome of the answers : 

All poor writers are rapidly improving. Tbe position is 
easier, more natural, more healthful. Tbe form of the let- 
ters is more simple, without unnecessary flourishes, and for 
the beginners, looks more like script. The writing is more 
uniform, prettier. The letters are free, no crowding, space 
is saved. Pupils do not write so rajiidly but more distinctly, 
and time is saved in looking over their work. It saves 
eyes in reading their own work. Had pupils been taught 
by tbe vertical system from the beginning not a poor writer 
would probably be found in the fifth grade, and writing 
could then be dropped as a special branch. Beginners 
naturally write vertically, consquently they learn more 
quickly and with less effort on the part of the teacher than 
by the old method. 

In all of which my observation leads me to concur. I 
have long known that for record writing or for business 
generally the vertical is preferred. We use the American 
Book Co.'s vertical copy-books in all grades excepting the 
first. We havB been using P. D. & S. books. I have bad 
tbe vertical system authorized by the County Board of Ed- 
ucation. W. /*'. Bliss, SupH. 
i'ort Hoiie, Out. 

We have been using vertical writing in the Port Hope 
High School for over a year. It has also been adopted by 
the Model and public schools of the town. 

The results have been quite satisfactory, and have justi- 
fied tbe change. 

Copy-books are not used. 

We have large classes, in which tbe regular class-exer- 
cises are as legible as the very imperfect specimen of ver- 
tical 1 give you in this letter. 

I was led to make tbe change for three reasons. 

1. Tbe best writers in my classes for the past 15 years 
wrote a vertical hand, or nearly so. 

2. I have met with no business man who keeps up the 
form taught in business colleges ; all tend to a 8tyle morQ 
nearly vertical. 

Feterboro. On*. 

Vertical writing was introduced into our schools one year 
ago. Mr. Newlands gave our teachers a two hours" lesson, 
and by this one visit he gave vertical writing a tremendous 
impetus in qur schools. 

The writing of our pupils is more legible and more ropid 
than formerly. I get belter writing from six year old first- 
year pupils than formerly from third-year pvinils with 
slanting style. We find it much easier for our jmpils to sit 
eroct while writing vertical than for slanting writing- 

We have no special teachers of writing and use blank 
books for copy-books. Tbe cc pies are written on the board 
by the teachers. 

Tbe style of writing so popular in Ont. is that of Mr. 
A. F. Newlands of Kingston, who, in my opinion, has more 
than any one else combined beauty and simplicity with 
tbe other essential elements of utility, 

J. W, Garvin, Inspector. 

Of those responding to our request for informa- 
tion, forty-nine answered that they favored vertical 
writing; sixteen that they did not favor it, and nine- 
ty four were non-committal in their answers. Where 
reasons were given for not answering definitely, tbe 
writers stated that they had not expfrimented or 
investigated sufficiently to form an intelligent opin- 

The Journal has done its best to secure the opin- 
ions of the leading educators in the ptiblic school 
line, and to present them in a fair and impartial 
manner, anl from the interest manifested on all 
sides we feel repaid for our expenditure of time and 
money. Time alone will tell whether vertical writ- 
ing is a fad or uot. The Journal has endeavored to 
collect such information as would clear the horizon 
and give all interested something on which to base 
further investigations. 

Following is how the cities voted : 



San Francisco; El Paso Co., Texas ; Johnstown, Pa. ; El- 
mira, N. Y.; Oswego. N. Y. ; Beatrice, Neb.; Chicago; 
Nova Scotia, Can.; Minneapolis; Montreal; Baltimore; 
Philadelphia; Toronto; Leiand Stanford, Jr., Uui.,Cal.; 
Rockford, 111.; YoungstowB, O. ; Jer.sey Ciry, N. J.; State 
Nor. Scb.. Cortland, N. Y. ; Denison, Tex. ; Bayonne. N. J. ; 
New Bedford, Mass.; Bangor, Me.; Aurora, III.; Ouelph, 
Ont.; Ft. Smith, Ark.; Paducab, Ey.; Hamilton. Ont.; 
Manistee. Mich.; Elgin. 111.; Cairo, til.; Wichita, Kan.; 
Paterson, N. J. ; East Orange, N. J. ; Topeka, Kan.; Col- 
ton, Cnl. ; Saginaw, Mich. ; Port Hope, Ont. ; Peterborough, 
Out.; Duluth, Minn.; Colo Springs, Colo.; Lincoln, Neb.; 
St. Catherines, Out.; Sacramento, Cal. ; Ft. Wayne, Ind. ; 
Medford, Mass. ; San Antonio, Tex. ; Covington, Ky. ; 
Wilkes Barre, Pa.; Savannah, Ga. 


Newark, O ; Albany. N. Y.; Hastings, Neb.; Taunton, 
Mass.; Kingston, N. Y. ; Boston; Atlanta; New London. 
Conn.; Cleveland, O. ; Peabody, Mass. ; Seattle, Wash.; 
Memphis (Sup'rs) ; Massilon, O. ; Stockton, Cal.; Louis- 
ville, Ky. ; Macon, Ga. 


Lynn. Mass. ; Salt Lake, Utah ; Muskegon, Mich. ; Tren- 
ton,!^. J. ; Battle Creek, Mich. ; Norwich, Conn. ; Woburn. 
Mass ; Washington, D. C. ; Providence; St. Joseph, Mo.; 
Elkhart, Ind.; Omaha; Cambridgeport, Mass.; New Or 
leans; Binghamton, N. Y. ; Salem, Mass.; Edinboro, Pa ; 
Altoona, Pa.; Camden. N. J.; Moline, 111 ; Milwaukee; 
Little Rock, Ark.; Beverly, Mass.; Brooklyn, N. Y ; 
Quincy. III.; Northampton, Mass.; Jacksonville, III.; 
Akron, 0.; Columbus, O. ; Amsterdam, N, Y. ; Utica, 
N. Y. ; Nebraska City, Neb.; Elizabeth, N. J. ; Raleigh, 
N.C.;San Jos6, Cal.; Ogden, Utah; Sbreveport, La. : 
Springfield. 111.; Portsmouth, Va.; Tacoma, Wash. ; Lock- 
port, N. Y. ; Chelsea, Mass.; Mobile, Ala.; Oakland, 
Cal.; Ansonia, Conn.; Hartford, Conn.; Augusta. Ga ; 
Galesburg. 111.; Decatur, III.; Terre Haute, Ind.; Ander- 
son, Ind.; Somerville. Mass.; Maiden, Mass. ; Newbury- 
port, Mass.; Quincy, Mass.; Worcester, Mass.; Spring- 
field. Mass.; Dover, N. H. ; Concord, N. H. ; Manchester, 
N. H. ; Bridgeton, N. J.; Saratoga Springs. N. Y.; Hud 
son, N. Y.; Troy. N. Y.; Batavla. N. Y. ; Olean, N. Y.; 
Asheville, N. C; Tiffin, O.; Lebanon, Pa.; Williams- 
port, Pa. ; York. Pa. ; Pottstown, Pa. ; McKeesport, Pa. ; 
Hazelton, Pa.; Harrisburg, Pa.; Pawtucket, K. I.; New- 
port, R. I.; Sioux Falls. So. Dak.; Knoxville. Tenn.; 
Houston, Tex.; Waco. Tex.; Austin, Tex.; Danville, 
Va. ; Parkersburg, W, Va. ; Council Bluffs, la. ; Dubu(|ui-, 
la. ; Sioux City, la. ; Portland, Ore. ; Kansas City, Kau ; 
Mt. Pleasant, la.; St. Paul ; Memphis (Sup't); Hoboken, 
N. J ; Yonkers, N. Y. 

Nearly all the serial articles of instruction in writ 
ing and drawing now running began with our Jan- 
uary insue. We can still begin subscriptions with this 
issue, though it is quite low and we should prefer to 
begin with February, 

The Political Economy of Business. 

A series of papers on the Political Economy of Busine^p, 
by one of tbe most eminent of living authorities, begins in 
the April issue of Th"- Businpss Joumal and will run 
through about six numbers. It is the best full-length por 
trait of Business— the real thing— we remember to have 
seen. Other running features in The Business Journal of 
special interest to teachers are : Short Talks on Advertis- 
ing (with numerous illustrations of up-to date advs.); Re- 
quirements of Stenographic Amanuenses (vigorously dis 
cussed in the April issue by G. W. Brown, Dan Brown, D. 
Kimball, W. A. McPherson and the editors of The Stenog 
rapher, Philadelphia, And The National Stenographer, 
Chicago) : Mr. Osbom's papers on The Ambitious Young 
Man ; Points for Business Students ; Questions and An- 
swers relating to business problems, etc. Single copies of 
The Business Journal cost 10 cts. One year's sub , *1. 






: CM*.*£<>'tfihilrd£<^anM4r _ 





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ADVEiiTiMXO BATM.-20 cent* per nonpareil Iine,»2.50 per Inch 
ach InaertlOD. Di»count« for term and space. Special — "' 

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< sub. taken at 


hii]»i>i>hII1<>ii I'flfix that tlit'v art- now uubbcrllHTH. Unt- mouth's notice 
of (llM'ontl nuance shoulil he Klvcn, and the same notice for chanKc 
of aildrcHH. 

Ourfrimtin wUI iiave lui much trouble ami annoying dflays and 
mfufakcH by makijia all, orders, etc., payabif to the Ames & 
Koi.iJNKols OmPANY. lA-ltrra and other rnatl matter should be ad- 
dreiuird In the same way, at leant on the outatde of tlie package. 


yoTici'j TO St nsf Its Jit: Its. 

The Kreatoflt care is taken in entering subscriptions and 
tKldroHHliitf wnippci-fl. In spite of this, mistakes will sonie- 
tiriH'M occur. Soini'tiincs they arise from the iiddreas having 
iH'on iei(!orn'c(Iy kIvch by the agent. Occasionally the mis- 
take in ours. All tlH'Hc (rroi-8 may be avoided if the s\lb- 
Nci ii" r \\ ill ii.iir 1 lie ii.i.hrs-i (if liis paper and report imme- 
(init. h ii ii I- II, n[i\ ir-,„.>i ik-fective. 

1 111 .i.iiii - .1 Nil , M|>( mils may bo chanRcd aa often as 
dcsirrii, bill wf .sinjuld iiii\c n full month's advance notice as 
tlic wrappere arc addressed considerably in advance of pub- 
lieatlon. If you can't give us a munth*s notice, please have 
that iwue of your paper forwarded. The remainder of the 
snbwcrfptfon may be sent direct to your new address. 

Don't bother the agent about these matters. Nothing can 
be done until wo get word about it. and you will save time 
iind trouble by notifying us direct. We can't be responsible 
if tliesc procauticins arc neglected. 

ChibbiiiK siibsrriptiniis received at a reduced rate are 
prompil,\ cut iiir 111 ilic time of expiration. The margin 
would lint JuHtily sending bills, but a notice of expiration is 
given and wo shall be glad to enter renewals. The reduced 
dubbing rato practically amounts to giving the first subscrip- 
tion at the cost of materials, the hope being that the sub- 
scriber will ttnd the paper of sufficient value to justify his 
renewing at the regular riiti>. 

Editorial Comment. 

flirrlal Trarlicra vtrsiis rnpy-Bitoks. 

N this paper read before the Western 
Penmen's Association, at Lincoln, 
Supervisor A. E. Parsons of Cres- 
ton, Iowa, iratle the startling 
annonncement that the cost of 
copy-books, over ami above what 
the same quality and quantity of 
loose writing paper could be purchased for, amcunted 
in the city of Chicago alone to over $30,000 annually, 
a sum sufficient to pay the salaries of fifteen special 
teachers of writing. Mr. Parsons is strongly of the 
opinion that it would be far better invested in sala- 
ries than in copybooks. 

It is the intention of the editor of the report of the 
Western Penmen's Association to make it very com- 
plete and accurate. Portraits of the officers and 
those on the programme will be included. This re- 
port will be ready in a few weeks, and all interested 
in penmanship, drawing, bookkeeping, shorthand, 
typewriting, etc., shoald own a copy. Due an- 
nouncement will be made when it is ready for 

Many of the literary journals are devoting much 
space to " writers' cramp," giving causes, remedies, 
etc. We have never yet known a case of writers' 
cramp where the afflicted writer used a free. easy, 
rolling forearm movement. But in order not to be 
too positive, we would like to hear from any of the 
professional brethren who have known of cases 
where free movement wasused. 

By far the most rapid long hand writers of which 
we have any knowledge are actors. We have been 
seated in an audience many times and have wit- 
nessed the wonderful performance of writing a one 
hundred and fifty word letter in thirty seconds, and 
this, too, " when the lights were dim and low," so 

dim that any ordinary mortal would scarce be able 
to grope his way around the stage. We have won- 
dered it these same persons could maintain the same 
speed the other side of the footlights. In this con- 
nection we are reminded of a question a little bov 
asked his father. He said. " Papa, do actors walk 
like real men when they are off the stage';*'' His 
papa replied. " Yes. my son, off the stage." 

The Editors Calendar. 

Undkuhill's Rapid Phonography. By B. S. Underbill, 
Prin. of UnderbilPs Bus. Col , Rochester. N. Y. 
Pub. by the author. Sixty pp. Cloth. Price. *1. 
The author's teaehinK experience, extending over many 
years, convinced him that he was justified in embodying 
the results of this experience in a book and submitting it to 
the public. But one style is given, and that is the reporting ; 
there ar*? hut few rules and very few exceptions, and the 
whole subject is put in a very condensed term. The au- 
thor calls cpecial attention to the Stn-Loop in writing such 
words as sj/atem, .tjistematic, etc. 

A Manual of Educational and Business Typewrit- 
ing. By D. Kimball, Friu. Kimball's Shorthand 
School, Chicago. Pub. by the Author. 225 pp. 
8 X 103.^ in. Cloth. Price, «2. 
Mr. Kimball understands the duties of the typist in all 
kinds of business, and after several years of study and ex- 
periment has sifted out of a large mass of exercises, forms, 
etc., those most desirable for teaching and practicing pur- 
poses. This constant sifting has left an admirable list of 
words, forms and " frequent expressions "—the latter 
being phrases and sentences most frequently used in vari- 
ous kinds of busiuess. Any typist who has mastered the 
words, expressions and forms of this excellent work is 
ready for business, so far as typewriting goes. It is a very 
complete manual and should find a wide circulation. 
How TO Si'ELL One Thousand Common Words. Com- 
piled and Pub. by M. L. Miner, lU Truxlon St . In- 
structor, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. : 27 small 
pages. Board cover. Price, 10 cents. 
The words in thislittle work were carefully selected by Mr. 
Miner during his teaching experience, and are such as are 
used daily in business. Rules for spelling are given aod 
the whole thing is put in a vest pocket size. Business and 
shorthand students and business men will And it a handy 
book to have around. 

Gasman Simplified, Spanish Simplified, with Keys, 
fob Isaac Pitman Shorthand Writers. Pub. by 
Institute for Teaching Foreign Languages, London. 
Sold by Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union square, 
New York. Several booklets. Paper, 25 cents and 
12 cents each. 
These booklets are designed to aid those who desire to 
perfect themselves in writing this system in these two im- 
portant commercial languages. 

One Thousand Helpful Hints. Pub. by the Book- 
keeper Pub. Co., Detroit, Mich. Cloth. Price $1. 
Hints for the home student or business man in book- 
keeping, shorthand, pfnmanship, law, short cuts, averag- 
ing accounts, etc., are included in the thousand, it was 
compiled by some one who knew the needs of the average 
person in business, it has the main points of the various 
subjects tersely put, and should be a valuable addition to 
the library of any student of business. 

The Art of Typewriting by Touch. Pub. by E. E. 

Childs. Springfield, Mass. Cloth, 62 pp. 12 i 8 


A new and revised edition of the same book, by the same 

publisher, first brought out a few years ago. It is arranged 

for the Remington and other keyboards, and is filled with 

valuable suggestions and expedients, business letters, 

forms, etc. It gives explicit instructions for the care and 

operation of the machine, and has the finger exercises 

arranged in easy progressive lessons. That part of the 

book devoted to punctuation is extremely practical, and 

says it all in a very little space. It is just such a book as 

every typewriter should keep at her elbow until she 

"knows it all." 

Business Short Cuts. By E. S. Curtis, Porter's Busi- 
ness College, Macon, Ga. Paper, 32 pp. Price fO 
Gleanings from the author's experience in the counting 
room and school room are embodied in this work, and serve 
to make it extremely practical. In probably no other 
branch of the business college curriculum are students sent 
out with so little preparation, by the average business col- 
lege, as in rapid calculations, or "business short cuts," as 
Mr. Curtis puts it. The business college graduate has no 
ueed to fear comparison with the average bookkeeper in 
writing or bookkeeping, but in accuracy and facility in 
handling figures the business college student lacks training 
and practice. Mr. Curtis' pamphlet will help to remedy 
this trouble 

Lettering of Working Drawings, by J. C. Fish, C.E. 
Published by the Van Nostrand Company, New 
York. Price $.1. 
Mr. Fish, who is Assistant Professor of Civil Engineer- 
ing in the Leland Stanford, Jr., University, California, 
has produced a work that architects and draughtsmen gen- 
erally will welcome. It is on unique lines. The styles of 
lettering presented are made up directly from working 
drawings, and are for the most part styles that may be 
made very rapidly, at the same lime presenting a neat, bus- 
iness-like appearance. The letters are also worked into 
various combinations and different styles are evolved from 
the same parent stem. Full instructions are given as to 
the construction of the standard alphabet, of lettering in 
general, and the kinds shown in particular, and of the 
make-up of titles. Heavy plate paper is used in the pro- 
auction of the book. The size of the page is 9 x 12. 

Merrill's Vertical Penmanship [Vt-rtical Writing 
Copy-Books). Published by ifaynard, ^fenHH cf- 
Co., 47 East Tenth street. New York. Price, Stand- 
ard Series, six numbers, per dozen, i>6 cents ; Inter- 
mediate Series, five nuoibers, per dozen, 72 cents. 
Specimens free to teachers. 
Mr. Merrill has worked out several excellent ideas m his 
Vertical Writing Copy-Books. Careful study has evi- 
dently been given to the requirements of the average pub- 
lic school and the growth of educational sentiment in 
Europe and America in favor of vertical writing investi- 
gated. Instead of the usual 4x4 spacing fouud in most 
books, the 3x4 proportion, which economizes 33?^^ per 
cent, space, has been introduced. The letters are in pro- 
portion of three in width to four in height. In the first 
boobs the letters are J.^ inch in height, in the succeeding 
books 3 IG of an inch and in the final books they are re- 
duced to the normal size Cnpitals aud loop letters are 
made just twice the height of the small letters, a, i, 
etc., and the initial and terminal strokes are made to ex- 
tend one half space vertically and horizontally— a unique 
feature, simplifying the letter considerably. 

This series has been unanimously adopted by the Board 
of Education of New York City. In a recent talk with 
Mr. Merrill we found him very enthusiastic over vertical 
writing and thoroughly conversant with all the argu- 
ments pt'o and cort and remarkably well posted as to the 
needs of the public schools. It is this knowledge, enthu- 
siasm and genuine faith in vertical writing that are mak- 
ing the Merrill Vertical Fenmanship copy-books a suc- 

The '95 Meeting: of the Business Educators' 
Association at Denver. 

HAIRMAN Fraiik Gooaman of the 
B. E. A. of A. has sent us the fol- 
lowing programme for the Denver 
meeting, July 10 to 1'2 : 


WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 2.30 P. M. 

1. The President's Address, by J. M. Mehan, Des 
Moines, la. 

3. Exchangeable Value of the Alliance, Business Ed- 
ucators' Association, with the N. E. A., by 
Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, Washington. D. C. 

3. Educational Status of the Business College, G. 

W. Brown, Jacksonville, 111. 

4. Business Colleges in Their Relation to Business 

Men, (a) as Learners, (b) as Teachers, by S. S. 
Packard, New York City. 

5. Guaranteeing Positions, or Fraudulent Advertis- 

ing, by J. W. Warr, Moline, 111. 

6. Ethical Principles and Higher Work Involved in 

Closing Books and Auditing Accounts, by 
Geo. Sonle, New Orleans, La. 

7. Business Writing, by A. N. Palmer (editor West- 

ern Penman), Cedar Rapids, la. 

8. Bookkeepers and Business Practice, or Doing 

Business from the Start, by W. H. Sadler, 
Baltimore, Md. 

9. The Ideal Busiuess Man, by W. C. Isbell, Terre 

Haute. Ind. 

FRIDAY, JULY 13. 2.30 P.M. 

1. Merits and Demerits of Vertical Writing, by Dan- 
iel T. Ames (Ed. Penman's Art Journal), New 
York City. G. W. Brown, Jacksonville, III. 

3. Intercommunication, Its Benefits, by G. W. El- 
liott, Burlington, la. 

3. Shorthand and Typewriting, by W. A. Wood- 

worth. Denver, Col. 

4. Practical Writing in Public Schools, (a) Duties 

of Special Penman, (b) Duties of Regular 
Teacher, by A. C. Webb, Nashville. Tenn. 

5. Arithmetic in Business Colleges, (a) As a Mental 

Discipline, (b) As a Practical Training, by 
R. E. Gallagher, Hamilton. Ont. 

6. The Business College of the Future, by D. I. 

Bowe. Johnstown, Pa. 

7. Ethical Side of Business Training, l)y A. S. Ob- 

born, Rochester, N. Y. 

8. Business Education ; Why it is Valuable to Young 

Men in Every Vocation, by H. T. Loomis, 
Cleveland, O. 

The officers of the association are : President, J. M. 
Mehan. Des Moines, la.: 1st vice pres't, A. S. Osborn, 
Roche^-ter, N. Y.; 3d vice-pres'i, Mrs. E. E. Childs, 
Springfield, Mass.; 3d vice pres't, J. E. Kiue, 
Rochester. N. Y.; secretary and treasurer, W. E. 
McCord, New York City. Executive Committee, 
Frank Goodman, chairman. Nashville, Tenn. ; G. W. 
Brown, Jacksonville, 111., and Charles W. Miller, 
New York City. 

The Business Educators will meet with the Na- 
tional Teachers' Association, and this, together with 
Denver's favorable location for sight seeing, should 
bring out a large attendance. 

HOW HAW ritlEMIS HyVVE YOl ? i t f i f 
who wfiuld lieHilali- to inveHt two iciiim a week iu u 
tiooil tliiutf, nt the ^nnie lime hfliiioK you to u delislil- 
rul vncutioii iu Euroi>e, or n trip lu the N. E. A. niect- 
iDK at Deuver, etc. See oar special vacation prcraiom 
oOerH on another page. 


CIrrka nnd nookkrriirrn In thr l.arirr Wliali->iil>' 

llaii>c» IlaTV Tki'ir Iniilnil. 


HE interest in The Journal's 
BasinesB Writing inveetigation 
I haaspread to the leadiug business 
houses, and freiiuently we receive 
calls from Imsiness men in New 
York who are interested in the 
showing made. 
This month we show samples of the writing of 
clerks and bookkeepers in some of the largest 
wholesale grocery and dry goods houses in New 
York. We do not have space for all the specimens 
collected, but those shown herewith are fair average 
samples of the lot. 

Following is a copy of the letter sent to each firm 
from which we asked specimens ; 
Messrs. Kran'cis H. Lkggett & Co., New York. 

Dear Sim : The Penman's Art Journal is collecting 
material for a series of illustrated articles showing the 
styles of writing that are current in large business estab* 
lisbments at home and abroad. An important feature in 
this series of illustrations will be the writing of American 
clerks, bookkeepers and general office help. 

We write to ask you to do ns the favor of securing two 
lines of rapid business writing from each of three or four 
of the best business writers in your establishment. Please 
do not let them know that these specimens are for publica- 
tion, as that would destroy their value to us. We don't 
want dress parade writing, but genuine every-day business 

For the sake of uniformity we suggest the following 
lines: " Enclosed please find invoice and bill of lading of 
goods shipped to-day.'' 

Will you please have the writing done with good black 
ink on the inclosed slip of paper and mail at earliest con- 
venience in inclosed envelope without fokling ? 
Respectfully yours, 

Penman's Art Journal. 


Il<»v tinners ill the Peiiiimiixliiii Line Loiik llie Oilier 
Siilcnr the Atlnnlii-. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal : 

In reply to yours of recent date, will say that I 
am afraid my writing will not be good enough for the 
Journal, as I am not in practice as a teacher at 
present. I travel about England, Ireland and Scot- 
land on business connected with my books. 

I taught writing formerly at Manhattan College, 
when I W.-19 known as Brother Ephraim, in 1866-7-8, 
and also about four years ago at Payne's uptown 
college, corner Thirty-fourth street and Sixth ave- 
nue, when I assisted Mr, Remington. I was also 
writing master at University College School. Lon- 
don, for eleven years, but. as I have said, I have 
given up the teaching of writing lately, although, of 
course, I shall always take an interest in it. 

The art is very much neglected in England, head 
masters giving it the cold shoulder as a school sub- 
ject, but the people generally like it, as I have 
proved by the sale of my little book, over 30,000 
copies having been sold in three years. All the 
teachers of writing that I know are only mediocre ; 
in fact, there is not a single penman (properly so 
called) in England. 

During my travels through the country I noticed 
that although there are teachers of writing in every 
large town the specimens which they all exhibit 
have been done by the same man, evidently an 
American, as I notice the "stag," "eagle" and 
various birds, which appear in The Journal, all 
flourished in blue ink and exceedingly well done. 
No doubt the American penman has been over Great 
Britain and sold or executed for the writing masters 
all their specimens. 

I will write again and send you a list of teachers ; 
meantime I inclose money for subscription for The 
Journal for this year. Y'ou may enter me for two 
years certain. 

If you think I could be of any service to you still 
write to me again. Yours truly, 

Lull, Ion. Emjhind. John Barter, 

Every copy otTHEPENMAN's Art Journal isexceedingly 
mterestmg and instructive. It is exceptionally weU edited 
and a copy of itought to be in every school room; it would 
lie an mspiration to teachers and pupils. Its usefulness 
cannot be expressed in words. A. A. Clark. 

Supr. Writing, Cleveland, Ohio. 




/ / 




i-e>^-f'-cZ^<'/ //-£>^fx<^€^ '/ / /rrr ^^''^/•V^z-f-v^^r^y'?^ 

^J^C^^^e^Y -0^c..<:?O-?e^ tP'^^^^^€y-z7'e<'^ ^ /v <:^.y6€c^ 





No. r. 

Bruth Jjttterin^. 

ERY often the pen artist is called 
~upon to do work on very short 
notice, and tor work of this kind 
the lettering mnst be of a sort 
that will admit of great rapid- 
ity. We present herewith a 
style of brush lettering that is 
applicable to work In the line of 
posters, circulars, newspaper 
advertisements and all places where a strong and 
catchy line of lettering is needed. 

To make this style of lettering successfully one 
must have a thorough knowledge of the forms of the 
Roman letters, as this alphabet is based on that 
style. Rule two pencil lines at top and base to 
guide you in the height of the letters. Do not pen- 
cil the forms, but put the letters in rapidly and free- 
hand with a brush. 

The materials needed are a No. 3 or 4 camel's hair 
or sable brush, well pointed (the kind used for water 
color work), and a bottle of good black ink. The 
light lines should be brought out very strong, as 
shown in copy. If any retouching is required do it 
carefully with a brush— never with a pen, as the 
pen destroys the brush eflfect. 

Next month we will show how to apply this test 
to actual work by giving words and sentences in dif- 
ferent forms and styles of finishing. 

From J. D. Gilbert, 1214 Main St., Kansas City, Mo., 
comes the best specimen of practice work we have yet re- 
ceived. It is a copy of the October lesson, and the neat- 
ness and accuracy of the forms does credit to Mr. Gilbert. 
Others are requested to send tbeir practice work for exami- 

Y. M. C. A. Business Institute. 

We are in receipt of a circular announcing the 
opening of a Business Institute, on September 11 
next, under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A., New 
York. Ample quarters have been provided at the 
main biiilding of the association, at Twenty-third 
street and Fourth avenue. The instruction and 
discipline of the school will be in charge of J. N. 
Kimball and E. E. Mull, both teachers with a num- 
ber of years' metropolitan experience. We have 
known Mr. Kimball personally for years as one of 
the most accomplished of shorthand teachers. The 
t^eneral business management of the enterprise will 
be in charge of Waldo H. Sherman, educational 
director of the association. 

The distinctive feature of the enterprise, as we 
understand it, is that every student of the Business 
loetitute has the privilege of Y. M. C. A. ni imber- 
Bhip, a well equipped gymnasium, with course of in- 
struction in physical cultnre, a large library, read- 
ing room, entertainments, receptions, etc. The idea 
is a unique one and the men behind it give every 
gaarantee of success. 

'^enjnoAA Qytit ClMatAxiG> 

Sadler's Booi<keepers' and Office Practice. 

A new system of teaching bookkeeping by which theory 
and practice are combined, has lately been copyrighted 
and patented by W. H. Sadler, Pres't Bryant & Stratton 
Business College, Baltimore, and H. M. Rowe, PhD., the 
expert acccouutant. 

The entire course is arranged in five divisions, divisions 
one and two taking the place of the theory department in 
the average school, the third division being the intermedi- 
ate work, the fourth division being devoted to business 
practice proi>er and the fifth division, office work. The 
jiart uow on the market, and in which most bookkeepers 
and business teachers are interested, is divisions one and 

The distinctive feature of the system is that the student 
is made the bookkeeper (not the proprietor) the very day 
be enters school, and has practice and theory in equal 
parts, side by side. Ths transactions are carefully graded 
:ind arranged in logical order, and while recording each 
transaction the student is compelled to look up and study 
nut which accounts are debited and credited, and why. 
To aid in this work, a text or reference book accompanies 
the budgets. 

The tiausactions are accompanied by a great number 
and variety of very business like papers, covering about 
everything that a bookkeeper would be called upon to 
handle. The jiapers that are received from other firms 
acconipauy each student's outfit and come already pre- 
iwred, having the writing engraved on bilU. drafts, etc. 




The student is called upon to make the proper entries for 
the transactions that brought out these papers and to file 
the papers, etc. For the entries originating with the firm 
for which he is bookkeeper, he makes out all papers and 
writes all letters. The cash book and the cash account be- 
come very practical because the student actually handles 
the cash himself in the form of college currency. 

Various account books are used, the business changes, 
new partners admitted, special adjustments of interest, 
losses and gains are made. Every phase of debit and 
credit is introduced, and the student is given a thorough 
drill in the principles and practices of general mer- 
cantile bookkeeping. The idea is that the student is to be 
trained primarily in bookkeeping and oflice practice, 
rather than as proprietor of the business. 

One of the special features of the system is that each 
student is wholly dependent on himself, and while carrying 
on business practice work is not required to wait foranother 
student to arrange a transaction with him, to send bills, etc. 
These bills and papers properly filled out come in the proper 
place in each budget, and he at the proper time and place is 
called upon to make out his own papers. In this manner he 
will be called on to do what the average bookkeeper finds 
for his daily duties in the largest firms. 

In the third division of the work the use of special rulings 
in the different books of account is given. Special columns, 
corporation accounting and intricate problems and the 
voucher system are here introduced. 

Before starting in the fourth division the student is sup- 
posed to have mastered thoroughly the principal accounts 
and their applications, and now branches out for himself 
and becomes, for the first time, the proprietor of the busi- 
ness. In divisions one to three, inclusive, set prices are 
used, hut iu the fourth and fifth divisions the daily market 
quotatious are introduced. In this division the student also 
gets a more extended drill in letter writing, composition, 
rapid billing, shipping, etc. 

In the fifth, or olfice division, the student changes once 
more and from being proprietor now becomes one of the 
numerous clerks in some particular office, takes a position 
as clerk and devotes his entire attention to some particular 
part of the oflloe work. 

The main idea running through the entire five di- 
visions in the system is that of having a student handle 
the papers arismg from the transactions for which he is 
called on to make the proper entries in the office books. 
Theory goes hand in hand with this practice. The first 
question being " WHAT J" and this is followed alwavs bv 
•■WHY?" ^ 

It is claimed by the inventors of this new method of 
business training that students can accomplish at least 
one-half more work in a given time, and that they know 
and understand what has been gone over twice as well as 
they would by the ordinary method. They also claim that 
it is facinating work and arouses the student's interest at 
the start. Another claim is that the transactions are ar- 
ranged in a logical order that develops the student's mind 
and draws out his best etforts. Being arranged in five 
divisions it can be adapted to long or short courses and ar- 
ranged to suit the needs of any particular school in the 
whole or in part. 


The interesting offers of various summer vacation tours, 
which are to be found in our advertising columns, should 
be taken advantage of by scores of teachers and others who 
desire to take trips to Europe, the Nat'l Teachers' Associa- 
tion and Business' Educators Assoc, at Denver, Chautauqua, 
Oid Point Comfort, etc. A little extra exertion for the 
next few months, a few calls on friends and acquaintances, 
an explanation of the good things to be found in The Jour- 
nal — and a trip is yours. 

No blanks, no failures in this scheme. It is not alone 
the one who is fortunate enough to secure the largest num- 
ber of subscribers who captures the plum, but each one 
who sends the required number in that class will be given a 
trip. An additional stimulus is offered in the way of cash 
prizes for the one in each class securing the greatest num- 
ber of subs. 

Another feature is that several trips to various parts of 
the United States are offered, and if a sufficient number of 
subs, for the European trip cannot be procured, then the 
subs, that you were successful in getting may be applied on 
the Denver trip, or the Bay View, Chautauqua, or any of 
the others. This arrangement is very flexible, and for each 
twenty to fifty subs, secured over the required number, 
extensions of time or side trips are allowed. 

Business college and public school teachers and others will 
findit an easy matter to get a sufficient number of their 
friends, and even strangers, to join the ranks of Jouunal 
readers, and thus obtain for the club getters pleasant trips 
in Europe. Just imagine a summer spent visiting the 
haunts of Shakespeare, Scottand " Bobby" Burns, " doing " 
London, Paris, Brussels and Antwerp, and seeing the thou- 
sand-and-one sights that any wide awake American is 
bound to see, to say nothiug of the glorious ocean trips. 
From my visits to the steamship otlices and from reading 
guide books, I've become so enthused that I feel like 
getting right out and '• bustling " for subs, myself. I've 
secured special permission from everybody connected with 
the office that I am to have all perquisites arising front 
these trips in the way of special favors, and hence I am to 
have the pleasure of attending to the transfer of the bag- 
gage and the securing of tickets, etc., for the lucky ladies 
and gentlemen who take these trips. Those who make the 
European trip are expected to give me the pleasure of 
sitting on the dock to see the steamer start. I hope I'll 
not be disappointed in this, because I've gone into training 
already by making two trips a week 
ferry. When these people sail away i 
to be prepared, as just looking at the steamer starting will 
be sure to make me sea sick— becaase I can't go myself. 

Oae pleasant feature of this party is that it will be 
managed by Mr. and Mrs. Frank Baker. Mr. Baker is 

Che Jersey City 

tbe well-known EvaDgelist, and ladies golog unattended 
will receive the personal attention of Mrs. Baker. Prof. 
Langdon S. Thompson, director of drawing in the Jersey- 
City public schools, and whose excellent lessons in drawing, 
nowrunuiog in The Journal, are familiar to our readers, 
will be in charge of a party of Jersey City teachers on the 
trip and will take The Journal travelers in his care and 
make matters pleasant for them. Ther« will be so many 
congenial spirits in tbe party that everybody will feel 
acquainted before they reach Sandy Hook. 

These trips are items of great expense and no little 
trouble to The Journal and there is no profit any where — 
no string tied to anything— no guess work — no chances 
taken by club getter. Our only reward comes in a larger 
number of subscribers— and this doesn't pay only as we 
are benefited by increased advertising. 

Read the offers carefully, decide which ( 
<.nf/ start at once— no time to lose. 

3 you'll try for 

A. B. Katkamier, Farmingtoo, N. T. , publisher of Ink 
Z>rop5, writes us that he has added 1,000 subs, to his list 
recently, and that his ad. in The Journal brings him big 
returns. He has something new this mouth. Read it. 

The friends who so kindly responded to our call for copies 
flf the January Journal will please accept our thanks. 
We can make good use of a few more of that issue. 

W. L. Starkey, prin. of the Com'l Dept. of the Paterson, 
N. J., High School, bos bis patent adjustable desk on tbe 
market. It is handsome, practical, substantial and cheap 
4ind is just what would be expected to come from the fertile 
tirain of W. L. Starkey. If a cook should know what is 


A Iseful Application ofibt; Maitic Mysierious Fluid 
Made to luk Uriudimi by au IneeDious Penman. 

An artist penman using much stick India ink (and 
if he's an artht he is obliged to use considerable of 
it), can be said to be '■ always on the grind." One of 
the greatest annoyances in reducing Ptick India ink 
to fluid is the time and patience required for the 
grinding. A tray in which a little water has been 
placed is used, and the stick or cake of ink rubbed 
against the bottom of this tray from twenty to thirty 
minutes, and even then the quantity of ink made is 

To obviate this difficulty, J. F, Briley of The 
Journal art statf has invented and applied for a 
patent on a most ingenious aud successful contriv- 
ance known as " The Electric India Ink Grinder," 
a cut of which is shown herewith. It is twenty 
inches long, seven high and six wide. The motive 
power iselectricity, which comes from four small cell 
batteries with a capacity of six volts, and is trans- 
mitted through a motor about one-fifteenth of a 
horse power. The cost of operating it is one cent an 
hour, and if there was an electric wire in the room 
to connect with the motor, the batteries could be 
dispensed with and the cost reduced materially. 

The gearing used is what is known in mechanics 
as the " worm gearing." The worm makes 2,000 
revolutions a minute, which drives the arm holding 
the stick of ink at the rate of 360 strokes a minute. 



needed in the'kitchen, who is so well calculated to know 
what is best in a school desk as a teacher of writing and 

lesifs ror a new Duuamg. 

Campbell Uni., Holton, Kan., is making a specialty of 
its School of Pen Art and Designing. Tbe University De- 
signing and Engraving Co. of tbe same place is prepared 
to do flue work in its line. Our friend, C. H. Shattuok, is 
the moving spirit in both these new ventures. 

The. Goodyear Pub Co. of 334 Dearborn street, Chicago, 
are meeting with success in introducing their Hue of text- 
books and supplies for commercial schools and commercial 
departments. They handle about everything connected 
with the teaching of bookkeeping, whether for theory or 
business prsctice. They also manufacture supplies to 
order for special cases. Mr. Goodyear is right in the busi- 
ness «ol]ege harness and consequently knows what is 

The bookkeeping and commercial texts published by the 
Practical Text Book Co., Cleveland, O., have been adopted 
by the Board of Education of Brooklyu for use in the 
High Schools of that city — and this was done without any 
effort being made on the part of the publishers. 

The border on the advertisement of the Zanerian Art 
College for this month is unique and •'fetching." If we 
could all be made as good lookiug as the young people 
shown in this cut, Mr. Zaner should have liis hands full of 
work. And, by the way, the ZaneHan will have a big at- 
teudauce this year, judging by the number ot requests we 
get from subscribers, readiug: " Please change my address 
to the Zanerian College. Pm goiogto take acourse there." 
Scarcely a mail is received at our office that hasn't a letter 
from some of the Zanertan graduates who hold good posi- 
tions. And these graduates are all good penmen, too. 

A bigh-class fountain pen for a doUar ' Looks big, 
sounds big, IS big. "We have one of the pens in our upper 
vest pocket, ready to draw the minute a mau begins to 
talk advertising. It is made by tbe Lincoln Fountain Pen 
Co., who tell more about it in our advertising columns. 

All stick india ink for the dozen workers in The 
Jorunal's art department is ground on Mr. Briley's 
machine, and it takes but a few minutes a day to 
supply them all, while when done by hand it took 
about all the time of one office boy. 

The application of the principle is most ingeniously 
worked out and if applied to something in more 
general use would make both fame and fortune for a 
deserving penman. 


Unless we are greatly mistaken business is beginning to 
pick up a good deal among the commercial schools. March 
is usually perhaps the dullest month in the year in the em- 
ployment of teachers, but we have had quite a large mail 
relating to such mattei-s from school proprietors during 
the past month, and it is growing all the while. We ex- 
pect this aud next month to be the best since the heavy 
business depression set in two years ago. The alert 
teachers who contemplate changing for the next school 
year are beginning to get in their preliminary work. Tbe 
great majority of such arrangements are made between 
April 15 and June 15. The slow ones usually have to take 
the leavings 

From several independent source? we learn that school 
proprietors are already beginning to cast around to see 
what is the best they can do on their bookj and supplies 
for the next school year. There is no denying the fact 
that during the past year or two these schools have been 
getting along with just as little as they could contrive to 
do with, with respect of both supplies and teachers. That 
should make business all the brisker. Low-water mark 
has been passed, and there is a big gap to be filled between 
now and the new school year flood tide in September. 




ROOM 905, 1215 BROADWAY, 


Dciir Sir: 

Please send me a descriptive 
pamphlet of your '^ Improved Book-keeping 
aud Business Manual," and oblige, 
Yours truly, 

{Your name) 

( Your address) „.... 

Hand it to "Uncle Sam." and youv 
by return mail somethinir which e 
bookkeeper and pri>gTe«s" 

. up with the times sliould 


I by able writers 


sabjecte ot special i 

the "Office Men's 

25CtS. No. 2. 

NUMBER No. 3. 
locts. No. 4. 

Worktre, repuhliehedfrora 
Record" in convenient form. 
Subtraction by Addition. 
Vertical Writing. 
Account Books as Evidence. 
Arithmetical Amusements. 


To Write Weil 



Al Professional Pen. 

For a fine elastic pen it is unex- 
celled, the penman's favorite. 

Also makers of the celebrated Falcon 
Pen No. 048. 

Out of their 150 other styles writers 
cannot fail to be suited. 

Ask your stationer for them. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

26 John St.. New York. 

70 cents a Gross. 

# (Postaw Piiitl.i 


of the peu business; have made a price of 
' TOeentaagross. ^ , , 

Send cash (money order, postal u 

f Putman & Kinsley's Celebrated Pens. 

No. 1. Extra Fine. Ooulile Eluatlc, for fine W 

J writing, flourlahlng, eU'. d 
No. 2. Medium Course, Business Pen, for ^ 

unshnded irrltlng. ^ 

w These pens have been on the market for ' 

^ years and are used by thousands of fine A 

W writers. We have two hundred (fross left, and \ 

A to close them out In a hurry (we are going out ^ 

TO c 

- Se . 

id 2c, stamps) with — . 
opened— we are closing out accounts as well a 

Tliese pens have always sold at $1 a gross. 
Don't send for samples or ask 
price Is too low to pay postage ( 

than a gross sold; same price per gross 1 


A 203 Broadway, Ne 

c^ ^ ■^^■»^*/^^^%^» 

POPULAR Nature Study 25 C. 

HELPS By Charles B, Scott, 

Classic Myths, 15c. YOU NEED 

By Mary Catherine Judd, THESE AIDS. 
Skyward and Back, lOC. By LucySI, Robinson 

Address School Education Company, 

Minnenpolin, MInu. 



■♦♦♦♦♦♦♦« ♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦****^ 

: The Slow and the Rapid. \ 

(/Esop's Fable.— ALL HARES DO NOT SLEEP.) 

hours — few y\----\^^\"\--- u;ii i ■ ■ • i ■ ■ , i- > nr ii n iii i hi " .. , ' " " ' , ' '-'''■'' i' " i in- [ol- 

'""""S- ^ " HALCOTTVlLLE,N.Y.,Jan.20.1Nll5. 

Enelosert find money order for 100 copies BIXLER'S PHYSICAL TRAILING IN PENMANSHIP, 

Enclosed please find N. ' 




1 ppof. Scheriuerhoru also called for 100 copies, making 200 copies lo 

Ca>-ai. Dover. Ohio. Jan. 14. 189S. 
draftln payment for 100 copies of yo 
many orders on hand, so please ship at 

Enclosed find money order for 6 
The following three publication 

Bixler'tt .Physicnl Trnii 


. W Shie, 

•d fvvc. Addi 

10 pages, 


Mtdvale. Ohio, .Ian 

spresent our system of physical training : ▼ 

K tn PeumauBhlp. 60 pages, cloth binding, size 3!^ x i^ A 

us exercises for practice, 1\ ^ 

2 Inches, published monthly at 25c. a year, ♦ 



"Every Pen Will Write." 

Send poc. for one qross of the best pen on earth. 

refund the money if not salisfactory ; these Pens 

You will be highly pleased. 
V made under tiiy own siiper\ 
D. T. Ames says: " Your > 

EVERY PEN Buitnblp for every purpoae In i 

Jirst class and should meet with a large . 



Card Writers! and Penmen! Business Men I Clerks! send for these pens, you 
ill never use any other. Address 

G. MILKMAN, Expert Penman, 

.\nA Principal Pawtueket Business College, 



Hov« pleasure In announcing that they engrave not only Copy-llnes on Metal and by the Wax-Rki 
PitoCKBS. Flourl8he<l Slguatiirea on Steel, etc., but that they are makers o( Polite Stationery as well. 
ViHlllUic, CurdN, WeddinK Hlnflonery, luvllnlions and FroKi-unimes for ^^chooi Eutertit 
nieuli*. ('ori-e.l>oudence Slntionery Stamped lu Colors, etc. 

Icltcd t 

all bli 

8 Carils, r 


For s 





K'nil>«dle« Many Nrn rrlnrl|.lc„ In Lexiroerapliy. 

*.M; Killinn null SiieriiillKtN ami .MM) Headers for 

«(iiolnllouK. Cost iienrl) One Million Dollars. 

UOI.SO., Yorabnlnr)- I'rrius, nearly Two anil 

Unr-lniltriiuenllie Xuniher In an; sinicle- 

tolunie or Tno-volnni. Illrtinnary ; al»o 

a Coiuplete Appendix of Proper \auieN. 

Fonek'n PhraneK, etc.. etc. 

^iri0le-r.tupfir TAition.. 
dfX, fidlJiuMin, t 

K-illi Jiennimn^s Seferrt 

Fuuk &\VagBalls Company, New York. 

Make Money 

By learning how to %vTlte with a Knife. Send 
."JOc. and I will send you lessons, so that you will 
be able to write beautiful cards with a knife or 
make beautiful designs, Yoii can earn iVoni 
91 to $10 n day at it. I am the ui-iui- 
untor of the Art of" CnstrouoeinpUy." 
1 offer 910U to any person that can do worlt 
t'cjual to mine and let D. T. Ames be the Judge. 
Iiiiitntorii send Sue. and let me show you how 
Itltle you know of a beautiful art. A sample 
sent for 2.'ir. in stamps. 

G. MILKMAN, Pawuicket 
ness CollcRc. Pawlucket. K. I. 

who have knuun 
" The King of the h 

ConiplhHl I 
contains the cream o 
nsedby Atnerirn'i 
Francis B. Courtney, 

Frnnris R. Cf 

holeesl points known to and 
Box 534, Kansas City, Mo. 

Business College 

aisibszi Cl\iCMfl\ opposrtTE. 


•Largest-Oldest-- Best- 


■ Business-Shorthand'En^listi- 

MosrLuxuRiousiy Furnished ScHooi>*AMEfii» 

For Window Sikhs, Price Curds, Notices, Pack- 
ages. Bulletin Work, etc., baa no equal. Usea 
fluid ink, pocket size, made entirely of metal and 
nickel, will not wear out. 


1 Fountain Marking Pen complete, 

1 Rubber and Glass Ink Filler, 

1 Packa(?e Powder for 4 oz. finest marking: ink 

1 lari^e sheet containing' plain and fancy alpha- 
bets with instructions mailed in neat ease for 
only 2.') cents. 

Bijf money in this for atrent^. as every mer- 
chant, express, real estate offices, ete., want one 
or more. Just the thing to become an expert 
marker with. Ask for terms when ordering. 
Sizes :;-16 to 6-16 width stroke. 

10 Sandusky St.. Allegheny. Pa. 



Business Firms Supplied with Help 


SendJorCataloguu K. 

^♦■*-%,%^%^ -%•%•■%•■%■-%•'%■'%'•%'%■ ♦ 

ji i 

^ Have Some t 

t Nibbles S 

good bites, and Judging by 

, hey " take hold " Hi land 

of them. I mean some business 


live, up-to-date advertising. 


Keeps ink tightly corked 
while yuii use it. Ink 
^rwil ^^ iihTiiTSfreshf clean 

\\ ' I I /r^ '*"** nnid. Noevap- 
Kv \L^'fL • ~^*"'i'tion. No drops 
ru the pen. 
'No Inky Fingers. 
; CaiiDOt injure the 
point of the pen. 
If bottle tips over 
Ink Cannot Spill. 

Saves it cost over and 
over. ^Made of the best 
soft rubber with 
funnel ; will last foi- 
In four sizes to 
fit any ink well. Sampk- 
jby mail, 25 cents. Witli 
handsome e:lass ink well. 
60 cents. Ar/ents tcantcd. 


359 Broadway. New York 

they " take hold " Hi 

college proprietors who w 
ices for live, up-to-date 
I write ads. for newspapers, 
booklets, catalogues, etc., and give yoi 
the benefit of ray experience In the Ihi 
of writing and placing ads. I've tried 

all kinds and I can help you In deciding 
w^hat will pay. If by luvestlug *lu to 
glOUln "know how"»l.yOtJcanbe made 
to do the work of *2.0UO It's a good in- 
vestment, isn't it ? That's where I come 
In, Let's get our heads together and 
try It. Write to me anyway. 


92 Broadway, . . • New York. 

Williams & Ro^^ers 
Rochester - Business - University 

Offers unequaled advantages 

lerciai leacnmg, 

jjosltlon among American 

preparatory school for 
duates of the school are iimug respomnuie ^ 
in the leading busineAscoUeges and commercial 
. 'tments throughout the D. S. and Canada, 
the demand for graduates to fill such positions la 
" the supply, 

equip themselves for commercial 

Business Schools and Is acknowledged 

raduates of the school are fllUog 
ol leges 
departments throughout the D. S. and Canada, and 
■ " '* )r graduates to fll" 
of the suppl: 
Circulars and Information sent upon reqi 
those who win state explicitly their wishes. A' 

Rochester Business University, 

Rochester. N.Y 

WRITES RIGHT. That is the 


Is acknowledjj'C'd wherever used to be the best. Uuokkeepers, Stenngnifilifis imd otliurs re- 
quiring an absolutely reliable pen prefer the Parker to all others. We want a live agent in every 
Shorthand School and Business College in the country. Write us for full partictilars. Catalogue 
and unique advertising matter. 

THE PARKHR P£:N CO., Janesville, Wis, 


To Chautauqua (New York or Bay View, Mich.), to Old Point Comfort, Va., 


At the Expense of The Penman's Art Journal. 

Fnn „„o,i„t„„„t„„aor=Tuc-Prvv»v'c; AKT TotTRNAi. has covered with practical completeness the field of the Commercial and Penmanship schools— propri- 
et^ Leber L^dst'nIentsDaricBlhepa^3ttwo^^^^^^^ a specfal eilfort in the public school field and has gained thousands o readers 

. of thkt class There are sHil otheTtLa^^^^ of public school teachers to whom a paper like The Journal ,s really indispensable pro- 

videdthev mea^to iiet the most out rf Also on general lines nothing is more universal m its appeal than those thmgs for which The Journal 

JtandsOn^wouIdliavetoZnt rather cf^^^ to find a faSiily that has not one or two members whose handwriting is d.stmctly susceptible of improvement, 

*'"'' ' A^vigo'ro^s effYr^'^s ^Sng'mSle tfx'lent The "oS.'.!"! drcufaHon on these lines, and a number of attractive vacation tours have been arranged to com 
pensate our working friends for their trouble. There are few teachers, for instance, who could not obtain a hundred or so subscribers from Personal friends 
and fnthe^aT^er communities or where there is an opportunity of making a more extended canvass, we believe that the top premium offered below is quite 
witl^n the readi of hundreds to whom this paper will cLe. It would be difficult to devise a more favorable scheme for a delightful and profitable summer vaca- 

"""'• °ThT:tfer's^"pSurdTn d^ulfbelow ar;7orfubs*criptions at the regular price of |1 a year, with choice of premiums which are named hirther on. There is 
abso.ul'jrnoTotSrflaLre .about this scheme. SomepSpers^forins^a^ce,^!^^^^ 

7ei:::T^.?7^'T"r^ori^rTnl'ro7^^^^^^ youVTeguTarem-ploymenl-Of course, the details of any modification would have to 

be «"f^'^^^^y«°g''y„™/^'-fjP°';f "''f^-^^^^^^^y to have some starting point, as a basis of estimating e.xpense. Those who live at points more remote can take ad- 

vaDtage of the offers by paying' the difference of cost, either in subscriptiopso r cash. 

; and 

OFFKR No. 1.— TRIP TO KUROPE (England, Scotland, Belgium and 


A most deliRbtful European trip of 37 days will be given by The Jodrnal for 350 
subscriptions. This party will leave New York on July 20th and will be iu charge of Mr. 
Frank Baker, who will look after the comfort of each member of the party. The party 
will be joined in Europe by Prof. Langdon S. Thompson, the well-known author and 
Director of Drawing, who will give our friends his personal attention. Mrs. Baker will 
be one of the party, and ladies traveling without escorts will have her aid. Many Jersey 
City and New York teachers are going and it will undoubtedly be a cultured and jolly 


Leave New York July 20, 1895. 

July 30: Arrive Glasgow. 

July 31: Edinburgh (Grand Hotel Royal). 

Aug. 1, 3, 3, 4, and 5: London {Columbia Mansions). Sunday here. Rail to Harwich, 

and a grand sail across the North Sea (German Ocean) on new and large steamship 

(3,000 tone) of Great Eastern Railway. 
Aug. 6: Antwerp (Hotel des Flandres). Carriage ride. 

Aug. 7: Brussels (Hotel de TEsperance). Carriage ride ; (p.m.) train to Paris. 
Aug. 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12: Paris (Hotel de Dijon). 
Aug. 14 and 15: London (Columbia Mansione). 
Aug. 16: Sail on steamship " State of California." 

Arrive New ITorkrAug:. 26, 


First class ocean passage throughout. Usual popular second and third class rail in 
England. Second-class rail on Continent. Nearly half the travel In German and Swiss 
districts of theTours; the railway coaches are of the Mann Boudoir Palace Day Coach 
pattern, superior t^ American first class coaches. (About ninety-five per cent, of the 
American and English travel abroad is second-class, equal to American first-class trans- 
portation.) The hotels average nearly first class. Only two or three second-class by 
reputation — practically more comfortable than the first-class hotels in some cities. The 
hotels have been personally visited by Mr. Baker, and chosen for their superiority in 
comfortable rooms and beds, cuisine and attention. 

Carriage rides are given where stated. Omnibuses furnished to and from hotels 
when necessary. All fees to hotel waiters. Fifty six pounds of baggage to London ; 
hand baggage only from there. 

Every necessary expense from the time you leave New York until you return to New 
York is included. Admission fees to museums are not included, but this is a small mat- 
ter, as the admission is free most times and places, and where a fee is charged it is but ten 
cents to twenty cents. 

No more delightful way of spending a vacation can be imagined than this delightful 

It has been the wish and dream of your life to visit the scenes and haunts of the hun- 
dreds and thousands of historical celebrities, whose forces and energies made the Uld 
World almost supreme in the Arts. Sciences, Architecture, etc. You have read hours, 
days and weeks since childhood, of the splendor, magnificence and magnitude of the 
Great Cathedrals, the majesty of the old ruins of Abbeys aud Castles, the grandeur of 
scenery, and the beauty aud sublimity in painting and sculpture, the work of the Mas- 
ters of centuries, including the Masterpieces of Rubens, Raphael, Michael Angelo, 
Titian, Tintorello, Rembrandt, Murillo, etc., to be seen nowhere else than in London, 
Paris, Dresden, Antwerp, Brussels. 

Hardly a city, town or hamlet of Great Britain but what contains some work of art 
or depicts by history, landmarks or otherwise, some visible sign of historical interest and 
former greatness— all is fresh and new if it has been read in a thousand books. While the 
tourist speeds from city to city, from palace to art museum, and massive cathedrels to 
the great public buildings and halls of legislation, etc., etc., he becomes lose in a perfect 
oblivion of wonderment, both edifying, interesting and often amusing by contact with 
the people, whose customs, peculiarities, dress and mode of life perfectly transfix and 
absorb bim beyond adequate description in language. The antiquities of the world are 
to be seen between London and Rome for four thousand years. A trip to Europe is an 

not purchase. They who have been to Europe, if only to London, want to go agait 
some cross the Atlantic at regular intervals the remainder of their lives, after the reve- 
lations to them of their first trip. , - . ^ ^. a 

The Journal's offer includes every necessary expense, as explained, for the round 
trip from New York. 

Side trips up the river Rhine, to Strasburg, to Berlin, to Vienna. Florence, to 
Rome, through Switzerland, etc., are offered for additional subscriptions. 

Full information, descriptive circulars, etc, furnished on application. 


OFFER No. 2.— Round Trip to Denver, Meeting of the National Ed- 
ucational Association, July 5-12, 18U5. Dep't of Business Education meets 
at same time and place. Expense for this trip ie limited to S75, and should the club raiser 
start from a point so near Denver as to not use the $75 for expenses, the rest ivill be paid 
(o fti'm in casA. enabling him to prolong his vacation. Seventy-five dollars will cover 
railroad fare, sleeper and meals en route. 

This is the great educational meeting of the year and the trip to Denver will be a 
splendid one. . . 

Side trips to Manitou, Colorado Springs, etc. , are offered for additional subscriptions. 


OFFER No. 3.— Round Trip from Either ChieaRO or New York to 
ChantauQua, N. Y'. This includes railroad fare, one week's board at Chautauqua in 
first-class boarding house, and daily admission to grounds. 

The advantages of this celebrated summer educational resort, where education and 
recreation are combined, are so well known that they need not be dilated on here. (For 
printed matter in regard to the resort address Rev. John H. Vincent, Buffalo, N. Y.) 
The stay at Chautauqua may be prolonged during the season at the rate of one week 
(board and daily admission) for every 15 subscriptions. 


OFFER No. 4.— Round Trip from Chicago, Milwaukee or Detroit to 
Bay View, Mich., Chautauqua.— By Either Rail or Water. This trip includes one 
week's board and room at a first class boarding house and daily admission to the grounds. 


This is a charming summer resort near Petoskey and Macinac Island, near where the 
waters of the three great lakes. Michigan, Superior and Huron, join. It is on Lake 
Michigan. All of the ad vantages so well known in connection with Chautauqua are to 
be found here and many charming side trips on the lakes may be taken at small cost ; or 
they will be given for additional subscriptions. 

(For printed matter and information about Bay View, address John M. Hall, Flint, 


OFFER No. 5.— Round Trip fiom New York to Old Point Comfort, 
A'a., Richmond, Norfolk and Virginia Beach. Occupies five days. Leave Wew 
York on either steamship Jamestown or Yorktown, Saturdav ; arrive Old Point Comfort 
Sunday morning ; IV day's board and lodging at Hygeia Hotel ; leave Old Point Com- 
fort Monday, 4 p.m . via C. & O. Railway; arrive Richmond, 6.55 p.m. One day's board 
and lodging at New Exchange and Ballard Hotels. Leave Richmond, 
Tuesday, 5 p.m ; arrive Norfolk Wednesday, early a m. Breakfast on steamer. 
Norfolk, via N. A. & A. R. R . 9.1^5 a,u or 1^.25 P M. for Virgi 
Princess Anne Hotel, Leave Virginia Beach 

N. A. & A."R. R., 4 :i5 p m. for No 

after life of pleasant recollection that a hundred— yes, a thousand— times the cost could at Old Point Comfort 

Subscriptions for The Penman's Art Journal or The Business Journal 

here in this issue). No premii 

folk. Leave Norfolk 7 p.m ; arrive New York Thursday eve 
eluded, steamboat and railroad fares, berth, meals on boat and 


OFFER No. 6.— Round Trip fiom New York to 

Leave New York on steamships Jamestown or Yorktown 
Saturday ; arrive at Old Point Conofort following morning 

one-quarter "s board and lodging in Hygeia Hotel, Old Point Co 

next afternoon at 4 p.m.; Norfolk? p.m.: arriving in New York Friday, Sunday or Tues- 
day afternoon. This is via the same line (Old Dominion Steamship Company) as Offer 
No. 5, and offers a delightful ocean sail and a short stop at that famoi:^ hotel the Hygeia 

□ iog. Everything 
■u hotels. 

Old Point Comfort. 

m Tuesday, Thursday or 
includes one day and 
Leave Old P<>:" 

for The Penmans 

BO<»KS- Am. 


IT, How TO Read, 

Bi-aiitiful Vv 

has been explained, the above offers are for subscriptions 
^1 each. These i-ubscriptions may be taken for either The 
given with The Business Journal, but each subscriber 

tNAL or The Business Journal (adv. of which appear: 

iRT Journal is entitled to choice of the following : 

s' Copy Slips (a complete work for self-instruction in writing) or one of the celebrated Oxford Handy-Book Series : How to Read Character from Hand- 

ccEssFUL Men Sat of Success ; Evert dat Law for Every-dat People ; T\yentv Lessons in Grammar ; How to Applt for a Situation and Get 

Recite and Make a speech ; Fiftt Games, Puzzles, etc. ; How to Make Advertisi 

Reprodnred by Lithoffraphy.- The Lord's I'rater (size 19 x 34 inches) ; Flourished Eagle (24 x 32); Flourished Stag (24 x 32); Pict- 
ure OF I'ROGRHss r-i4xi-i); Grant Memorial (22 x 28i ; Garfield Memorial (19x24); Grant and Lincoln Eulogt (24 x 3ti); Marriage Certificate: FamiltKecorij (18 x 22). 
Thf* PYtrJi Priyf*^ fnr ^lirnlllQ ^nhCPrintinnc Inadditmn to the above, we offerextra premiums for overflow subscriptions, as follows: 

lUC EAUd rilZCb lUr iUrpiUb iUD5>CnpU0nS. ^^ q^^^^ number one -For the sender of the largest club of subscriptions in this class, in addition to the 

requisite 350. we will give an extra $25 for pocket mouev during the trip No reward will be made unless this surplus is at least 25 subscriptions— that is to sav. 375 in all. Num- 
ber Two.— To the sender of the large.'it surplus number ot subsL-riptions in this class (not less than 15) ;?15 extra will be paid. Numbers Three to Five Inclusive.— To the 
sender of the largest number of surplus subscriptions in these i-lasses (not less than 10 subs.) we will give a copy of the new Webster's International Dictionary. We offer but 
o°^ ^,^tra premium for these several classes. Number Six —For the largest number of surplus subs, in this class (not less than Ave) we offer five gross of "Ames' Best 
Pens.'" These premiums as above explained are entirely apart and in addition to those already offered. 

CODICS of The JOUrnS-l Premiums etc These wiU be found of the greatest assistance in taking subscriptions. A package of a dozen Journals will be sent 
_. . ^ . v^vuiAio.*, * iwiiiiuiiio, wiv. for this purpose for only 2.5 cents, or with choice of pre; ' ' "'^ ^ .... . 

, send at once $1 for your own sub. (or esten; 
different premiums (your selection) free. The si 
of the plans outlined above. All such should no 
(rips, and parllrularlj- for the Europea 

ly .50" cents^ Better still, if you are going into 
the books— which fact should be stated) and we will send you the surplus 12 Journals and three 
'his offer is strictly confined to those who will genuinely undertake the sending of a club under one 
delay, as special arran&reiticni.s have to be made In conneciloii with some of the 





UhllMticd IHSO. Bu*!!)*-**. Sbonhand. FouIiianBhlp. 
rre|>arau>ry . Individual In»lructl;Hl. BOO Btu^ 
.1.-ii£i annually. Open all vear Wrll« for full 
Information. F, .1, HKKl!. Pr'-^. 
A'--t»al t.utitii. ■ , ,'u'.i"l 

iilinllll-im™r«l , ,;'';■"■ 

lor. plc-flrlcllBh' , ' "•■< -• "" ''■ ' „■'""" '"; 


atmllH. Incl. Enilorwd hy state Hup»?rintendent of 
Public Inhtructlon. lending educators and bui*l 
neMineii. CataloKUe fric E. E. ADMIRE. Pre». 

CsUblwjeHriseo^Bualnesa Collese Co. 


A<-mlcriiv. slMnlhiind. Typewriting ami TeleBraifb 
IrixllliiU'. St'iiil fur cutalotrue. San Autoulu. 

IRasbville, Ilcnn. 


I.KUK aiKl School of re Diu a II nil In. Shorthand. 
TviifwrltlnK. Tvlewrapliy. elc. studeutH received 
from nil paru of thu world. Send for 120-page 



1,K()K, School of Shorthand and Telegraphy, 
Atluiita, Ga. Leading college Suuth. Four pen- 
men, Calnlogue free. 


HAND AKD TVrEWltlTINO, SMimford, Conn. 

California. • 


.!o»^. (^nl. One of the l)e»t established nud moat 
HUeeeHHful edHcntlunul Inatltutlons of tLe PaclQc 
slope. Special Pcumanshln Department In charge 
of C. E. WEBBBR. H. B. WORCESTER. Prea. 
clHco. For 30 yean) the largest private ecbool weat 
■ ■r f 'hlenKfi. 12.000 former pupUa now prosperoiu 


NESS COLLEGE. Open throuKhout the year. Stu- 
dciil-t may enter at auy time. Catalogue tree. 



A I I.e.. WILUUU It. HMITU, Pri'.i. LcxlD|it«n. Ky. 

TOlest Dtrflinta. 





A. n. WILT. Prenldenl. Long establlabed. Thor- 
ough nud Inexpenalve. 

eoinnii-rclal teaehera. mi,l for expert aceouutouta. 
F, M. CHOOUILL, Monugcr, Columbus, Ohio. 



IHcw HJorl?. 


livt South sth St., Brooklyn, N. Y. Catalogues 
frve on application, personally or by letter. HENRY 
C. WRUfBT. Principal. 

MERCIAL COLLEGE. KIttredge '?",'. ,'"Ji,^bInd 
o'til'i.. w'.'"a.°w6o'dVorTH. president. W. A. 
McPHER-SON.B. A.. Manager. l»-> 



SCHOOL OF SHORTHAND. WLaconsln'a leadbig 
commercial training school. Issues catalogue fre€ 
of charge. J. N. McCCXN, Pres., Green Bay, Wis. 

IRboDe HslanJ). 




and Literary Institute, New Orleans, La. 

flortb Caroltna. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL.. Charlotte, N. C. 



Sclentllic, Normal. Penmanship, BuBlueea and 
Shorthand . One of the leading progressive schools 
of America. W.N. FERRIS, Big Rapids, Mich. 


SAVE YOUR MONEY by orilering your Auto- 
matic Shading Pens. Shading Pen Inks and Sup- 
plies of the " Automatic Mau." C. A. FAUST, 45 E. 
Randolph St., Chicago, 111. 

F. M. SISSON, Penman, Newport, R. I. Your 

uaine on I dozen cards, fancy aud business eap- 
Itals, business letter aud a beautiful souvenir, all 
for 10 2 cent stamps. 

stamp. Speclnieu 

Pen and one Alphabet. 30c. 

; Automatic 
1 Auto. Pen. 1 Bottle 
, ■ISc. No postal cards: 

WHITER AND TEACHER. Send lb cents for cir- 
cular aud specimen. Ventura. Cal. 

REE. For three one-cent stamps to pay cost 

of return postaae and oauer used. I will mall to 
any reader 

Itl-page Circular and Samph 

Inks aud Ornaments u»ed 

pens. A. B. CUSHMAN. Auto. Shading Pen Artist 

and Sign Writer. 20 Pleasant Place. Chlc" - "" 

Please say you saw my advertisement In 

a specimen of my 

■ Automatic Pen Lettering, my ■ 

used with the i 

. Chicago, 111, 

Martin's College, Brockton, Mass. 

IB cards, -ifie. ; Bird nourish, 2^c, ; Capitals, •^"'c- ; 
Business Capitals. 2i'c. ; obdgue holder, ic : -lO Busl- 

pies card writing, 12c. All previous atls. void. 

SEND 35 CENTS for fine specimens of Writing, 

Lettering and Flourishing. Cau't help but please. 
* -*-■ JNO. F.SIPLE, care Babtlett's Bus. Col.. 

N. W. CARKHUPP. Penman. P. O. Box 343. 

Springfield. Mans. One dozen cards. 25e., 

crlpt. Set capitals, 2 

• deslgue<l to alTord 

the beat pruollcol training for mercantile pursuits. 
The schools also supply b%iaintas men with satls- 
facltory nsslstauta, and secure positions for coni- 
uftfnt studfixts. Terms moderate. No vacations. 
ri»tal«>»ue free. rARRINOTONGAINES. President 


Underhill's Rapid Phonography. 

i.tM.d ¥<A\us of Lending J>>-siem8. 
lUustraledClr. VnderUlirsUnlverslty.Bocheater.X, Y. 


GO TO StMI rtINO'5 ConnERCIAL colleqe. 

T^'iii' 'I'll >. ,, 1 >l,lo9t, laniest, best. East 
;^ '"- ' ' I- . KnusAS City. Mo, Book- 

»• " I ~ Typewriting. Telegraphv. 

Kill.'; M i.lern Languages ""- 

- fel - 

., Presldeul. 

t»" THE VSB OF CUTS on thit page or any 
departure from the general atf/le of display irtfl 
<o$t so per cent, extra. 

. Western i 

aers all ovei 
uple colors, prlt- 

For sale by booksellers 
" -^ id Canada. Sheet 
2c. stamp, none 

special prii 


McPherson. Kan. Artistic letter. flv« •'-t-ent stamys. 

UO) cards, 
for Standard Duplicator 

letter, analysis and 

- ---ipe lor Standard r -*" 

Ink, II. Samples of printing FREE, 

C. R. RUNNELLS, 9630 Bell Avenue, Station P, 

Chicago. An elegant C. E. Pledge, 14 x IH Inches 
zinc etching from penwork, 10c. 12 cards, any 
name. aoc. My record In 8 years 100,000 cards. 

D. TAYLOR will send you his National 

r> of Twenty Lessons ' "• •-■ - . ~-- 


Writing for only Ten 

. . ... jdvance. Address A 

D. TAYLOR. 66 N.Clark St., Chicago. If 

R. M, JONES, Pen Artist. iSia Mary St., S. S. 

"'•—'"■rgh. Pa. One dor '-"• -" " - 

specimens of pen 

Pittsburgh. Pa. One doz. assorted cards, '26 c 

fia( Review: Flourish : Ink Recipe : Method Ruling 

change for books < 

stamp for partlculi 
ARTISTIC PENWORK.— EnffrossInK of Resolu- 

IS, Testimonials, 1 

scrtptlon of ornamental pen work t 
'utlons engrossed fr" *" 

inondence solicited. 

specialty. Eve 

r scrap book, 10 ( 

_ , : aud easy methc 

Favorite Penholder. 12 c 

I quick aud easy method, 10 1 

e and flourished s 
IS, with name, Utumln. 
: copies for home practice, 50 ( 
s Popular Writing - - - 

, by mall, twelve 
i lesson per week, 93.00. Inipr( 

for home practice. Gu. 

lOe. Circular givUig full descrlpt'd 
one for 2c. A. B. CUSHMAN, 1092 S. Western 
Ave., Chicago, lU. 
F. OILMAN, Penman, Redln^on, Nebraska. A 
fine sample of my ornamental penmanship, and 
one dozen written cards for 25 cts. All penwork 
a specialty. l-l ry 

T SQUARE WANTED.— I want to buy a second- 
band Day Shading and Spacing T Square. State 

length of blade, price, how li 


'Mant" Hbs. 

and slamplng the replim ready for mailing and 
WTiting the nom-dt-plume in a comer, then inclos- 
ing such scaled, replies in an envelope addressed to 
The Penfnan''8 Art Journal, S02 Broadtvay. New 
Yorh. Postage must he sent for forwar^ding Cata- 
logues, Netmpapera, Photngraphs, dec. 

Situations *^KIlante^. 

rommerclal Teacliera itIio contem- 
plate luaklne a chaose for next 
school year tilioiild beclu to look 
arouud the ileia NOW. If you want 
our aid write us at ouce. 

ilTi:ATION WANTED as supervisor of pen- 
J mansblp and dra»ving In nubile .schools, or In- 
of bookkeeping and business science in a 
" rmal School, ror-next year. Reference the 
qualltlcatlons undisputed. JAMES A. 

High or Normal School, 

verv beat. quallflcatU 

Mrt CHELL, Lowder, Illinois. 

A LADY TEACHER of Munson shorthand, type- 
_ writing, bnokkeeplng.etc., desires a position. 

; Pesi 

lod education ; _ _ 

i.nv. Address " MUNSON,' 

ATEACHEK of three years' experii . .. 
place to feach bookkeeping. Eclectic shorthand, 
law, etc. Graduate of Rochester Bus. Unl. and a good 
literary college. His specialty Is advanced bookkeep- 
ing. Address " ECLECTIC.'^' care Pknmas's Art 

EXPERIENCED teacher of penmanship, com 
merclal branches. Ben Pitman shorthand and 
language wishes to engage with a responsible srhcwl, 

Good health ; familiar with leading (------ 

merclal text-books ; refei 

[t-books ; references upon application. 

TEACHER of commercial branches, shorthand 
(Graham and Ben Pitman), typewriting and moet 
of the public school branches, is looking for a tfood 
position with a good school. Has had an exteniled 
practical experience In all the branches indicated. 
Familiar with leading commercial systems; prominent 
ft-rences. '■OMXIS," care Penuak's Art Joursax. 

. M A TEACHER of shorthand, Graham or any 

L other Pitniaiilc system, typewriting and English. 

ve years' exiH'rleuce ; best of recommendations ; 

moderate salary. Prefer west of the Mississippi. 

POSITION wanted as a teacher of Graham short- 
hand, typewriting aud correspondence by a young 
lady. Seven years' experience, Ave as teacher, two 

JRIN'CIPAIj of a business college wishes to 
change his position. Teaches peumanship, pen 
■ — '-*' — ting and commercial arithmetic. Has 
gh training. Good references. "PEN 

bookkeeping and 


^ of the falgh school 
rnr a position with good school. 
1- ; best references from prominent 
<-.iod salary. "METROPOLITAN." 

II teacher of penmanship and 
.anches, capable of taking entire 
lepartment, wishes to change posl- 

jianches, capable of taking 

- department, wishes to Chang . 

prepared for his work; good references. 



XPERIENCED TEACHER of penmanship, 
islngand Eclectic shorthand wishes a sltu- 
also assist In bookkeeping and pen draw- 

" AM A GRADUATE of a leading Western busl- 
. ness eollege and hold teachers' certificates of 1111- 
ots, Inwa and Pennsylvania. Teach penmanship, 
>rrespondencc, bookkeeping and arithmetic, the for- 
ler being my specialty. Exlended teaching experl- 
ice ; unexceptionable references. " EXTENDED EX- 

VN Al TEACHER of penmanship and the En- 
glish branches is looking for a position. Seven 
> L-ars^ teaching experience. Good health ; good refer- 
ences upon application. Flrst-oltiss man, first-class 
salary. " PERMANENT," care Penhjuj'S ART JOURNAL. 

rflEACHER of seven years' experience as Prln- 
■ ' " " ' " ? Department of " 

leading Business Colleges of the United States, 

i to change In September. Branches taught: 

Anything In the Business College Curriculum, except 

Shorthand and Ornamental Penmanship. Specialties: 
Banking, Business Practice, Rapid Calculations, and 

nd required. Addn 
s Art JouRNAi.. 

■■■■■■ lug. arithmetic and common English branches 
for four years In private, business and normal schools. 

References upon application. "NORMAL AND BUSI- 
NESS," care Penman*s Art Journal. 

■*- enced teacher of penmanship, commercial 
branches and the common English branches wishes a 
position, preferably with a good normal college. Seven 
vears' leaching experience. Recommendations upon 
application. '^BUSINESS AND PENMANSHIP," care 
Pe.nmas's Art Journal. 

AN AI.1.-AROUND penma 
teacher, pupil of Zaner, T' 
also graduate of the Eastmai 
wishes a position In a Qr" ~'"" 

UcacbcvB MantcCt. 

all around teacher of experience 
ike some stock In the Institution, 
^nman. None but a flrst-elass man 
in In a progressive mountain city 
health resort. SOUTHERN 
". M. Lemmond, 

Must bean exui 
need apply. Li 


Bureau, St. Louis. 10th ye 

Business Opportunities. 

FOR SALE.— The best business college plant on 
the PaclflcCoast outside of San Francrsco and Los 
Angeles 1 In a growing California city of 20,000 popu- 
lation : finest climate In the world ; expenses low- and 
t>n competition within 150 miles. Present owners 
p other business. 

arty. Address "SUCCESS," 

nrd Wvlt*^r and, Envrofi 
, 1?. C. 

. oOc. Page of capitals t 



1 doe. cards, 22e.; 3dfi_,. . _„. _. ...^ . 

signatures, 26e. Resolutions engrossed for from t2.50 

ILO. Ten writing lessons by mall, $2.60. 

good old 
NAME. Send 

thousands. LEARN TO WRITE YO 

W. and I win send v 
f writing It. with Insi 
t stomp, and I will send y 

1 hand, price-list descriptive of lessons by mall, 
ended movements, tracing exercises, capitals. 
Is, aourlsblng, etc. P. S.— No postal card? 

merclal branches, art aud vocal music wis ._ 

secure position with a responsible school. Familiar 
with the leading systems of commercial tex^books. 
References, botn In and out of the profession, as to 
character and ability. "ARTISTIC." care Pe-NMan's 
Art Journal. 

4 GRADUATE of Ann Arbor with ten yearsof 

' of penmanship, i 

I teaching experience 

and English. Good 

flaw, bookkeeping, penman- 

e Penman's art Journal. 



f), shorthi 
ting, desires a position In 

ship, shorthand 

plain and ornamental 

■ Standard) and type- 

lege or as Sup'r of Writing In Public Schools. Can 
teach letter writing. English branches, piano, organ 
and wind Instruments and vocal music. Good rerer- 


AN ALL-ROUND MAN who has completed 
scientific, commercial, shorthand and tj-pewrlt- 
Ing aud penmanship iZanerlan) courses desires a 
teaching position. Well recommended ; moderate 
salary. Address "OHIO," care PEirsiAS's Art Joijb- 

?ltyof 125,0IXHn- 

wlsh to engage In other business. Address "GOOD 

; school city (.'WO.OOO population) can be 
)uKnt lor $2,000, If sold at once. Fine rooms, ex- 
lleutlv furnished. Address " BARGAIN," care 
e.sman''s Art Journal. 

lOR SALE.— Thriving Shorthand and Business 
^ College In Northeastern Pa., established In IMOa. 
ecelpts this vear about $l,OoiJ, No competition. 

FOR SA LE.— A well established Business College. 
Departments : Commercial, Shorthand and Type- 
writing, Telegrai)hy, English. Located in u thriving 

■ge railroad c '* "'" "---'••■--'•- 


large railroad 
i-ears. ftatlsfactor; 
■ PENNSYLVANIA," care Penma; 


. Established six 

for selling. Address 
Journal. It 
R SALE.— The good will and plates of a well 
advertised and widely used set of writing lessons. 
Copper plate engraving; thousands of dollars spent 
In advertising ; International reputation. Reason for 
selling : conflicts with present business of owner. A 
good thing for a hustling advertiser. Address "WRIT- 
ING LESSONS," care Penman's Art JocrB.NAL. 

FOR SALE.— A well ettabhshed Business College 
and SHORTHAND SCHOOL. Six departmenU: 
ELOCUTION and TELEGRAPHY. Located In a rich 
thriving city. No opposition within one hundred 
mlle^. Spring and Summer Normal already adver- 
tised. Will sell " dirt cTieap"' for cash, or good paper. 
Address " KEYSTONE," care Penman's — -- - --- 

XyaimoAd QyCiC Oyctc c/iaC? 



A Beautiful Stick Pin. 

HE JOURNAL has had specially manu- 
factured from its own design a verj" 
neat stick pin. to oflfcr as a premium 
ta Bubscribers. It is made Jn solid 
silver, aiso in solid guld. 

The silver pin has the quill of solid 
sterlinjf silver, and the stick pin part 
of German silver. 

The gold pin is solid. 14 karat, ex- 
cept the stick part, which is German 
silver, gu]d plated. 

For one dollar we wUl send The Jour- 
nal for one year, and the solid silver 


Ffn- one dollar and fifty cenis we icill 
tTiter one sub., new or rencwal,and send solid 
GOLD PIN as j/remlum. 

For two dollars wc w!U send two copies of The 
Journal (to different addresses, if desired), 

, and the 
11 send The Journal for two ye 
ilid fTold pin. 
Or. for those desiring to be placed c 


I and the 


i Vertical 

J is in all respects equal, and in many 
▼ essential particulars greatly supcrii 
w all other systems. It is easier to teacli 
and easier to learn. Teachers and others 
S interested are invited to correspond 
A the publishers. Specimen copies fre 


43-47 East Tenth St., N. Y. 

4'%'%^ '%^%^^^-%' '%^%-'1 


The oVher dollar to be remitted at end of first 
year. Present subscribers may have their sub- 
scriptions extended and thus avail themselves of 
this offer at once. A Jeweler would charge at 
least $IM for the gold pin. 

Works of Instruction in Penmanship. 

Aine»* Guide to Self-Instruction In 
Pracilcal and Artistic Penmanship.— 

For 25 cents extra the Guide will be sent full 
bound in cloth. The regular premium has 
heavy paper binding. Price when sent other- 
wise than as premium : Paper. 75c.; cloth SI 

The Galde in paper sent as prem. with one sub. 
($1). Cloth 25 cts. extra 

about the same ground as the G 
stead of being in book form it is composed of 
movable slips progressively arranKed. Taiswork 
also has had a very large sale independently of 

The Lord^s Prayer 
Flonrlfhed Ea^le (24 
Stag (24 X 32); Centei 
Pro&rress (24x28); Grant (Memorial (22 x 28); 
Garfleld iVIemorlal (U) \ 24): Grant and 
Ijincoln Eulogy (24 X :)ii): (Tlarrlase Cer- 
tlflcateOB x22): Family Rerord (18 x 22). 

Ames* Book o Plonrlshes. Size of 
book.8^xllJ^. Price. hea%T manilla binding, 
$1 : cloth, with gold stam^j. 81-50. 

It gives 125 beautiful designs, delicately printed 
on superfine papei^-most of them raafiterpieces, 
by 72 of the world's leading penmen, we will 
send the book in manilla oinding as premium 

mlums announced above for one subscribe 

We will send the Book of Flourishi 

best cloth binding for one sub. and 50 

(81.50. the price of the book alone), or for two 
subs. (82). 

To Club Subscribers. 

If you have been a club subscriber for the 
past year and think that The Journal would 
be worth a dollar to you the coming year, we 
shall be pleased to have your renewal on that 
basis. If you can't afford that sum, your sub- 
scription may be sent through our nearest 
agent at the clubbing rate. 

If ther« is no agent convenient, write us at 
once, stating the fact and inclosing 60 cents 
for your renewal. We mean to have an act- 
ive, capable agent not only in every school 
but in every community. If there is one of 
this kind near you, you must know it ; if not, 
there should he, and it may be your oppor- 
tunity to get the pafter for yourself and friends 
at the reduced clubbing rate. 

In no case do we authorize or will tc« coun- 
tenance interference with a present capable 


204 Broailway. N. Y. 

Your paper continues to grow better with 
each issue. A. K. Merrill, 

Supr. Writing, Saco, Maine. 

There is no doubt that Toe Journal 
growing better each s^ucceeding year, aoii „^ 
full of valuable information is it that it should 
find its place in the hands of all engaged 
educational work. S. S. Pubdy, 

Supr. Writing, Des Moines, Iowa. 

I have supported your Journal for almost 
eighteen years and will continue to support it 
It makes one of the best text books on Pen 
manship that there is published. 

Who wants *"> 

'=*' The « 


Do Business Teachers or Business Students Want 

A Paper that puts them in touch with actual business conditions. 

A Paper that treats of such things, for instance, as the science of advertising, with n 

examples of the work of the most successful advertisers, both in letter and picture, 
A Paper that rubs them up against the practices of the Real Business World, keeps them pasted 

as to modern usages, appliances, legal decisions, trade conditions, etc.? 
Have Business Teachers and Students any use for such a paper? Would they have It as a 

gift ? Would they pay their money for It ? These are questions THE BUSINESS JOURNAL 

would like to have answered— Now. 


i 81.00 a year. No premiums. By 

(subscribers feel that the ( 

[ paper d 

Tbk Business Journal's subscription ] 
mediately how many Penman's Art Jou 
to them we make the following offers : 

Xo. 1.— Send 25 cents for the four numbers of The Business Journal— January t 
privilege of the eight remaining copies for 1S95 upon receiptor 26 cents additional If e 

No. 9. — Send 40 ceuts for an entire year's Bubscrlption, beginning with January. 


We are collecting selected lists of people \ 

>ed would be of i 

April Inclusive — with 
nt within 80 days. 

I paper like The Business 
r less— people of your acquaintance 

. . _ . iper. They should be men in buai- 

t the following classifications : 

i skill and Bplrlt. 



ive Bookkeepers and Ac 

noss back variety that know 1 
mpylng responsible positions 1 

iiereantil'^ and flnanclal 

These three names and addresses must accompany orders for subscription, and should be classified by 
letter (A, B. ete.) as we have done. 

The above offers are made to those who are subscribers for the Penman's Art Journal, the subscrlp- 
tlons for both papfrs to run coueurrently. If your subscription for the Penman's Art Journal has six months 
to run, for Instance, It would be extended three months and the subscription for The Business Journal con- 
traett'il for three months—making buth expire together nine months hence. This Is a matter of considerable 
convenience to us. 

To others than Penman's Art Journal subscribers, one year's subscription for The Business Journal 
will be sent on receipt of 50 cents, half price, provided three names and addresses as above explained accom- 


202 Broadway, New York. 


! ■~ ! #! - !i|j^iB S! ^S^ f! ^^S'y?^y ^ !'y^^y*^ ".■ ' ■ '^ I'l " i . i i«J.wm«i»i>msim i [. um . Mii"i"i» » j. i yjv u m 




Adopted EXCLUSIVELY by the Public Day Schools of 
CLEMENT C. OAINES, n.A., Pres. Eastman Bns. Coll. and N. Y. Bus. Coll.. 
«ay8 in his latest prospectus of the latter institution ;— 

which It 18 well to take Into eonslderatlon. Plt- 
ud fllrapllclty.and as aU of our atttdents have been w- 
c piiv the Igaac Pitman aystem decided preference. 

Specimen Pages Sent Postpaid. 

TAk-c- I r«c:r)N^ (It ih<" Isaac Pltfnan Metropolitan Srhool of Shorthand and Tj-pewrltlnR. 95 Fifth 
TAKt Lt»!>ur(5» Av.'.,C'^r. 17th St.. S. Y. Tho rou Kb Instmctlon. Circulars. 



Are the Iwnt for t^acberH of the BKNN PITMAN and 
OHAH AM SytttemB. To demonslrut* their auperlorllj 
we will Ronri. FKKE. for exo ml nation, a ropy 1" "f i'« 
r»t«'le»won theetn or In renulur hook form. Fleast 
fiiontlnii ihU Inurnal anil your schtxji. 

4441 Gracne «»«nue. • _- . Brookljn. N. ». 



The best claaa book piibllsbeii on tbe subjc 
SnmiJle copies a.l eentf. >enA for cireul 
Address. C. V. CARHART, 
OB Clinton Ave., Albany, N. 



aln of eyes, hand 

d reliable. Send f 


(>o(l ppnmnn and siiccesst'iil 
oil should have n copy each ol 
■i-r I,.-^^nnsin Uusinessand Ar- 
|i, ■ ;iimI ■ Parks' Compreben: 

. Wi-bb, Zaner, Harmai., ^^..^ocv,..™., -»,., - 
ARLY ALL GONE. Price 60 cents each, 
h tnr 75 cents, including recipe to make all 
>rs of "shading ink." Tells all about or- 
lizinif classes in penmanship. 

DiiOD, HI. 

in. Normal School. 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1 500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand Manual 

(Columbian Revlsion~l6th Edition) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 


Price of the 16th edition, revised to date. 81.50. Proper discounts to Schools and Bookseller 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

AKPlits.-lciir 15»n i.r.>Ht. will all.iw \ou «l--.;6 for an oW toumaln 
KemU to II. K. rtl'K, Bos 000. WasliliiKtoQ, D. c. Sccoiia NatlouaJ 

£VEKY dhorlhHn.l teacher, writer and Rchool proprietor wlil be Inlere.ted in the 
nicies In THE Bl ri|NE$!S JUl'RNAI. lor JnoiiarF, Februnrr and .Marcli. Send 'ii 
..for Ike lliree U.ue.. AJIES Jt UOLLINSON CO., ^en York. 


Awarded the Medal and Diploma at the World's Fair. 
•Only a few years before the public, it Is now used by thousands of Ste- 
nographers and adopted Into 400 of the Leading Schools and Colleges. 
Most Popular, because it is the SIMPLEST, most LEGIBLE and RAPID. 


Vowels follow consonants in their natural order as in longhand. 
Sentences written by it with less than an hour's study. 
Speed for practical work with 6 to 12 weeks" study. 

Superseding all others wherever impartially investigated. Trial lesson and cir- 
culars FREE. Mail instruction. Text-book sent responsible schools for examination. 

WRITE H. BI. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 

• A Revolutionary Departure in Typewriters. 


'Shorthand Schools 1 

I Shorthand Teachers ! 


e chanRed Instantly. 

•9 every (rood quality found In oil 
;hlnes, and bas many points of superiority 
all Us own. 
cs and General Omces. i:\i\ and Ar.-h Streets. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 


The Best— Trial Proves It. 

SCHOOLS !, Write for FULL PARTtCU- i 



Legibility ^ the Acquirement of Speed in Stenography. 


A work of irreat value lo steno 

/egibility and speed in sliorthand, and a re 
any system based on the Pitman alphabet. 
I produced oi 


The text ' 

and f ac-slmlle 
key. The contributions 

NothlBK of the kind ev« 
$1. post-paid. Liberal diaco' 

Remington typewriter and then photo-lithographed In tbe highest 
. The only book ever produced entirely on the typewriter. 

pages of beautifui shorthand, consisttng cf an oriffinal contribution from every official 

both Houses of Congresa^thirteen in all^and other stenographers of national reputation, 

porting notes of three of the leading court stenographers in the country, accompanied by a 

specially prepared for thU work, and are written In the shorthand of their 

.vlth gilt title. Price 

SAMUEL C. DUNHAM, - Box 313, Washington, D. C. 

The No. -g"^ ^ 

£> l<efflmgt9n 


More Permanent Alignment, 
Improved Meclianism, 
Ligliter and Wider Carriage, 

Uniform and Easy Toucli, 
Economical Ribbon Movement, 

Improved Paper Feed, 

Readily Adjustable Paper and 

Envelope Guides, 

Matchless Construction. 


WyCkOff, SeamanS & BenediCt, 327 Broadway. New York. 



Brass Edge Rules 


The best advertising medium is the one that lasts longest. 

Something useful is always appreciated and is not 

thrown away, and is always at work 

advertising your business. 






GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1889, 



Beside the larpe varletv of pens for all sorts of busi- 
ness ami extra fine wrltlnn. which have ha<i a wurld- 
wldesal© for over fifty years, we make the following 
Btrletly professional pens, or which samples will be 
sent as speolfled: 

Noa. 2P0. 201 and 859 (Crow QuUI), atthe rate of three 

No. 100(>(then 


B penmadel, six 

such that t'KEE SAM- 


HENRY HOE. Som Aoknt, 91 John Street, New York, 

Business Short Cuts. 

A Valuable Buok for. Teachers, BuiikHec ti- 
ers and Biisincas Men, hist 
from the jtress', on 


By E. S. Curtis, 
formerly principal of -the Counting Room De' 
partment of Rochester Business University. 

Price 50c, Sent by mail, postpaid, to teachers 
and members of the class of "ai. '92 and '93 " R 
B. U." upon receipt of one-half the retail price 



n, Ca 


And graduate in time for the big rush of business next fall. The coming Atlanta Exposition 

I increase business very materially, and the demand next fall for practically edticated young men 

and voung women will be much greater than the supply. Even at the present time we are unable 

to supply the demand for those who can write shortnand and keep books. Atlanta and the couth 
offers an exceptionally go<»d field for ambitious young men. 

The Atlanta Business Tollege slves special attention to bookkeeping, shorthand, banking, type- 
writing, penmanship, mathematics, commercial law and all other commercial and English branches. 

Expert work in all departments a specialty. Mercantile books examined and audited. Tele- 
phone S&S. 

All graduates assisted in obtaining pleasant and profitable employment. 

The teachers are Normal trained and practical men. 

References : The law firm of Dorsey. Brewster & HoweU. and the Merchants' Bank, this city- 
l^^ Send for catalogue and mention this paper. 


-The Atlanta Business Ci'llege is a chartered institution, controlled bj' leading Atlanta 


a Penmanship, from Business Writing to tlie most elaborate pt 

._ „ . . _mateurand professional penmen. J. W. Lanipinan, the superb 

i-harKe. TUITION KOIt THE ABOVE. !*('J3. Newsimm 

Is designed for a 

[jrofesslonal " 

Neb. Special three 

•) taught by an expert. Order- 

ipt prepared fore 

ir three nours' woi 

KB. STATE FAIR, 1894, 

we4?k or for thr» 

t and penman, 
1 chilli 

. Eiigr , 

„ .0 order. BoarnJSpet 

any address, 10c. AT THE 

FeiimanslUp, Includ iQg ( 


Normal Education. Remain at bonie, continue your teach- 
ing, and pursue the Normal Cour^ies (Elementary and Advanced), 
and you will be abie to pass a higher grade examination, to 
secure a better certificate, become a better teacher, and thereby 
secure a better salary. Over G,000 Htudeiits enrolled 
since 1889 Diplomas granted. No new books need be pur- 
chased and from one to three hours' study, daily, is sufficient. 
' Improve your spare moments; save cost of board and railroad 
? by taking our Normal Courses. 

Tuition for a thirteen weeks' coui-se. $5. Special tuition of 
[ $3 to the person sending a list of 10 teachers' names. Send for 
i''i paoe eatainfiiif. 

When writing mention this paj'or. 


•iO'i Broadway. New York. 

Consulting Accountant. 

A<l\irr in opening and closing of books, 
piirtni'i>hip settlements, etc. Criticism on 
ooui-ses of study and helps for business and 
normal schools. Business practice work a 

See Here I 

; you tried my new 
;lst3' " or Diamond 
Gloss Ink ? If you have 
not, then you don't know what you have missed. I 
will sell you 8lx good sized bottles for Si. 


6s North Clark Street. - CHICAQO. ILL. 

Keeps the hand in position and assists in se- 
curing a free, gliding movement. It is made of 
spring brass, nickel plated and will not wear 
out nor get out of order. It can be opened or 
closed to fit any size hand. Over one thousand 
orders have been filled up to March 1. Corre- 
spondence from teachers of penmanship desired. 
Agents wanted. Prices: Size for adults, 25c. 
each or $3.25 per doz. Pupil's size (under 15 
years) 15c. each or Si. 20 per doz. 


Qulncy, III. 

SEE HERE ITh*; foil 


of Slant Writing . . .S0.60 
Ink Drops, one year... .20! Tn" 

)wlug club offers : 

O. M. Powers" Manual 

of Writing J0,.';0 

IK Drops, one year.. .20 
IZanerlan Exponent. 


Zaner Ian Compendium 
of Vertical Wrltlng.SO 
Ink Drops, one year, . 
ZanerlaQ Exponent, 


' I Western Penmai 

; Tpk DrODS, 

Zanerlan Exponeat. 

«0.60 1 
will send you a 

t Wrlilng....$o.fiO 

rilum of Writing.. 
Zanerlan Exponen' 
WPBtern Penman, ■ 


Ink Drops, one yea 

of Vertical Wn tlnk-ID.'iO 
Zouerlan P^n Studies .M> 
Zanerlan Progress 

(Eagle) PO 

Ink Drops, one year.. .20 


Western Penman, one 
vear. with Palmer's 
Budget as Premium .>1.0l) 
Ink Drops, one year. . .20 
Zanerlan Exponent, 

_ , _ -o order any of the above 

clubs send all order" to Ink Props, as It la only by 
purchasing suhserlptloDS and hooks Id laign quanti- 
ties that we can make ouch liberal oilers. Address 

INK DROPS. Piirmlngtfm, N. Y 

This border of portraits represents the class of students in attendance at the Zanerian this eighth day of March, 1S95. Do y 
think Ihey are the best and most intelligent looking class of pupils you have ev. 

You will certainly admit that it is a credit to attend'such a school and to a 
as here represented. Then why not be on hand at the- Zanerian som. 

The outlook for teachers of penmanship and drawing is better 
pupils. Address Zntierian Art College, Columbus, Ohio. 

; during the 
ever befon 

hool of penmanship, or in any school ? 
as earnest and industrious a class of pupils 



Now is the Time to Begin Tliinl(ing about Making Clianges 

in text books for next year. If the books you are now using are satisfactory, you will not, of course, want to make a change, 
but in case they are not we would respectfully ask you to consider those enumerated below. These books are the result of 
years of experience on the part of their authors, and are original in plan, sound in principle and practical in subject-matter. 
They are great labor-savers and result producers. They are up to date books for up to date schools. They are "the books 
that teach." Following is the list : 



Preliminary Business Practice. 

For all Schodls. Public anj Private. 

New Complete Bookkeeping. 

Ft»r Buginess Colleges and Commei-cial Departments. 


Business Arithmetic (Short Course). 
Complete Commercial Arithmetic. 
Mental Arithmetic (In Press). 


Osgoodby's New Phonetic Shorthand Manual 
Seventy Lessons in Spelling. 


New Practical Grammar. 

Business and Social Correspondence. 

Advanced Business Practice. 

For High Schools, Normal ^^cliools and Academies. 

Three Weeks in Business Practice. 

For Business Colleges and Commercial Departments. 


Business Law (Short Course). 

New Commercial Law. 

Test Questions in Commercial Law. 


Pen-Written Copies (Re-produced), Abr. Ed. 
Pen-Written Copies (Re-produced), Comp. Ed. 


Civil Government of the United States. 
Descriptive Economics. 

I^" If you need anything in the way of Blank Books, Blank Business Forms, Diplomas, School Registers, College Currency 
School Stationery, we can supply it in the best quality and at the lowest price. Write now before you forget it. Address, 

ROCHESTER, N. Y. WilliaiTis & Rogcrs, Publishers. Chicago, ill. 

or # 

ggi I II 1 1 Bi|i| 1 1 1 p^ 

Have you seen it? if not, send 

at once for a copy of Everybody's Dic- 
tionary — the most useful book recently 
published. It contains 33,000 words, 
with the correct spelling, pronunciation, 
syllable divisions, parts of speech, cap- 
italization, and definitions. 

Only 3^2 X 2)2 X 53-2 inches in size, and 
it was made to carry in the vest pocket. 
Price, in leather, gold embossed, in- 
dexed, 50 cts.; cloth, not indexed, 25 cts 


in every school and town. One agent 
has sold over 700; some schools have 
ordered several hundred, and a single 
dealer 5,000. Write for wholesale prices. 
Hundreds of testimonials similar to 
the two here printed. 

I hard you hei«i^'ith an order, and endoM <?rai't 
for twenty dictionaries. 1 sold these books in le&s than 
two houn' time. They seem to meet the demands of our 
l)usiness men and clerks. 1 hone to send another order 

* ' 








^^^^^^H^^j^^rmfc. ' 





I have 


5 and ev 

rybody who 
th mine for 

.s it want 

to buy 

t. I would no 

part w 


if I were 

to get another 

-A. H 


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anaptea to sLort or long courses avoids extremes, gives Beoijraphlcal names, business • 
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meets the requirements. 
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OI^TFITS with Bureau No, 2 wtll be sent to teacbers for examina- 
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"IT IS UNRIVALED."-Read the Unsolicited 

editorial of the Popular Educator, the greatest educational paper in the world — 
60,000 circulation. Here is the notice : 

Bixler's Physical Training in Penmanship seems to be gaining many friends. It is especially 
helpful in evening schools as well as a self instructor. It is needless to say that for elementary 
teaching it is unrivaled. 

Can fiirn 
•let', with Suppl 

GIDEON BIXLER, Wooster, Ohio. 


HAVE YOU INVESTIGATED the merits of round vertical writing? 
HAVE YOU SEEN our beautiful new copy books? 

ARE YOU AWARE that round vertical writing is superior in every way and for every 

purpose to any other system? 

ARE YOU AWARE that it is the most rapid system of writing in the world? 

ARE YOU AWARE that there are no failures among those teachers and pupils who 

use it? 

ARE YOU AWARE that a six year old child who uses the round vertical can write 
better than a sixteen year old child can write the slant? 

ARE YOU AWARE that the best physicians of the world say that slant penmanship is 
largely responsible for the alarming prevalence of diseases of the eye and diseases of the 


ARE YOU AWARE that in the thousands of schools that use our books every teacher 


ARE YOU AWARE that we have the most beautiful and the most useful copy books in 

THE world? 






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are emphatically a moi*e7nc7j ^ .series, and their prime distiDjjruishing ft^atnre is that 
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Pnpils should not he taught to draw their copies; Ihey must he taught to u-rite. 
They must acquire the hahit of easy and vapid uork. This series is the first to solve 
this prohlem, and it does it in a mauuer as simple as truth itself. 

The difficult matters of position and pen-holding will tend to adjust themselves. 

The pupil begins with standard forms of the capital letters, as a basis, hut is 
taught, in immediate connection with them, abbreviated forms of the same style, 
lased upon a study of the best actrial writing. 

Figures of an elegant and practical style will be found in each book 

Great attention has been given to simplicity of style. The aim throughout Is 
to secure a neat, plain, and rapid hand. 

The grading of the hooks has received much care. No one can fail to see their 
unity and the gradual development of a practical style of penmanship from the 
most simple forms. 

In point of mechanical execution the series will be found superior. 

With each book, four additional pages of practice paper, ruled like the book, 
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Book No. 1, can he had at .$1 each. 

In a word, 

Qinn & Company's Writing Books 

solve the problem of acquiring a neat, legible hand, and of learning to write with 
ease and rapidity. They have been prepared by an experienced teacher and author 
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A copy of our pamphlet. How to Teach Penmanship, sent free to any address. 




I . f\ WRITING ran be learned at home by practicing from 

AAJxA. W\y Tliis work consists of 13 plates (s'^ .x S"; inches each), en- 
d from pen-written copies, hull directions are 
on the back of each plate, telling just wliat motion 
and how to proceed with every copy. Besides the 13 plates, a sheet of illustra- 
tions is enclosed, snowing proper i)osition of hand, body ancf paper. The whole is en- 
closed in a substantial envelope and sent to any part of the country upon receipt of 50 

//u?« /o AVot//.— Send money order if pouiblt. If vou cannot secure this, send the 
amount in one cent stamps. Send for circular. Address at once, 

E. C. MILLS, Penman, Western Normal College, Bushnell, III. 

;_ for insplrutlon In vertical 

IhnI I 

Zankiuan Art College, 
Columbus. C, Decern 
Ynni- Oomppiidhini recolv. 
swUh my views to a r II 1b 

I lie I'est 

lug recflvtHl, Yoii have cermtu 

urlilii;! should send for Mills's Coninendhnn, 
YoiiiH truly, C. E. DONE_.. 

Teacher of Fenraaiislilp 

WoosTHB, 0., January 1, lbH5. 
Pro/. E. C. Mills, Bvshnell, III. 

Dear Sir: Permit us to eomplhnent you on your 
vertical %vritlug as e.^emplitietl tn your letter lo us. 
It Is the Hnest specluieu of practical work In tUKlliie 

that has y 

1 brought t 

Mr. Mills bcBiu 
writing, glvluK a 
going on with tli 
sary to write air 
get thlscomppiiil 

cau Journal of K, 

liiii: with thf vertical 


PART. I.-A series of 30 cards containing 1 .17 drawings of familar objects, adapted to 
kinileimu ton and lower primary grades. Unequuled for busy work, huiKuaBC lessons, etc. 

PART II. I-.; 1 1 1 •. hawinss of ol>joets based on the sphere, cube and cylinder, the 
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PART III. 1 .1 the work bouun in Part II. The half sphere, half cube 

uT'ivmIn m' '" '" '"'i " " ','-*"d"l"«a to higher primary grades, every one of which is 

Parts 1. 11 ami 111 will be sent to any address postpaid for 50e. 

.i„„.?,^,''Ti'',-~'^"'^,'^,'-'"*,","''"-'.°'>l"'™"","^ A t"«-bookof48pagcs. 1 25 illustra- 
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^^^7, yi ,-THE OVLINnElt AND ITS APPLICATIONS A text-book of M 
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Parts V and VI will be mailed to any address for liOe. 

SOUTHWESTERN PUBLISHING HOUSE, 153 * 155 B, spruce St., NashvllIe, Tenn. 

QINN & COnPANY, Publishers, 






IVo. 6. 

Caiill'il J- 

42.— The capital J has already been presented in 
parts through the first style of 1'. This letter is a 
long one, but will come easily if the following plan 
is observed. Get additional " muscular longitude " 
by reviewing " pony " (reversed) and " shaft," mak- 
ing them as large and long as possible. Two hours 
steady work on each. Take up exercises in No. 23 in 
regular order. There are special points to be gained 
in eachone. Tieendsof I (exercise 1) at base. Loose- 
in hs at this point means weakness. Never leave 2 until 
'•V i-sing, slant and length are just right. Begin a lit- 
tle beneath base and be sure the down stroke crosses 
up curve. Make slant to correspond with other let- 
ters. From 80 to 100 J's should be written in a min- 
ute. If you can handle the letter fairly well give the 
arm full freedom on 5 and stay right with it until 
your arm is filled with J's. Joe is a splendid fellow 
it you knew how to take him. Compressed muscles 
cannot do the work. 

Capital II'. 

4:3 —The capital W is a complex letter and re- 
garded as one of the most difficult, but will be found 
easily within your reach if you " approach " it prop- 
erly. You have already had the beginning and end- 
ing of this letter, therefore your attention to the 
middle parts. Straight lines on up strokes weaken 
the letter. Exercise 1, in No. 23, will force up curves. 
The down strokes are used as "influences." Do you 
get the point ? It is a helpful one. Do not slight 
this practice in any way. Note the several places 
where this union of line is used. If you can make 
the final t, without the aid of influences, you have 
nothing to fear in the following. Give the final ( all 
the practice you can in the words. 

44.— Exercises in No. 24 are interesting and 
beneficial ; 2 and 3 are made by beginning on base 
with final t. End letters at point ot beginning. 
These and the following combinations should be 
written at medium rate of speed. Thoughtful, well- 
directed practice on the foregoing will enable you to 
make a good W. Be sure to end the W about two- 
thirds its height with a dot pointing downward as you 
did in the capital 1'. Very slight pauses may be 
made at base line until the letter is well located. 
From GO to TO Ws per minute is fair speed. 

Capital B. 

45. — The style of capital B in number 2."> comes 
easily. Retrace nearly all of straight line, broad 
top : make last part quickly, and watch where and 
how you end. Drill rapidly on the B combination, 
making from 70 to 80 per minute. Omit the coupling 
line and we have the figures 1 and 'A. These may be 
practiced in connection with the B. 

JlfvifU- Capita^ti. 

40 — You will find nothing more helpful just 


now than the reviewing of capitals and small letters 
in combination, as illustrated in first line of No. 26. 
47. — Both styles of small f should be practiced. 
In the abbreviated style the retracing of up stroke is 
similar to that in r. No dot need be made in turn 
ing to the right. 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1895. 

48.— Exercise 1, No. 27, is presented for those who 
have difficultv in making good turns on capital B, 
figure 3, etc. ' Take this in large and frequent doses 
and all stiffness will disappear. Reverse the move- 
ment if you need hel p on capital E. T he other illus- 
trations in this line explain themselves. See that 
the curve line retraces the first straight line in 
figure ii. 

Vvactirr Concrntration and Concentrate Practice. 

49.— It was necessary to place several exercises 

Criticism and Answer Column. 

Send all specimens and communications intended for this 
column to L. M. Thornbui-gh, care of Spcncenan Business 
College, Evansville, Ind. 

" Froulou."— I have tried system after system of writing 
mthout success in teaching, I can't get my pupils to 
work much at anythmg, etc. What is the matter and 
what shall I do ? Ans. A careful study of your long let- 
ter leads me to conclude that the fault is in the teacher. 
You evidently have little or nomagnelism, without which 
vou cannot be truly successful as a teacher. You are too 
i'dlj to warm up young people. " An iceberg eimts no 

on a line in this lesson, but do not allow this ar- 
rangement to lead you to hopping around on first 
one thing and then another. Learn to concentrate 
your forces on one exercise until your muscles have 
been strengthened and developed. Practice not 
more than one No. of this lesson at any sitting. 

rays ot heat, however majestic it may stand." Consult a 
good phrenologist and follow his advice. 

A C , Cincinnati.— Should teacher have boys with tight- 
fittiug coat* to remove sleeve during wiiting y Ana. 
Would i/ou be willing to wear a-tight-fitting shoe and then 
suffer the consequences in painful corns y Some pecple 
would. Off with the coats. 

J O. B., Cleveland.— Would you use your method in 

Sublic schools, and what would vou do with the copy- 
ooks y Ans. Yes ; and every pupil would cover every 
particle of sui-face m those copy-books with such exercises 
as '* pony " and " shaft," Plate 1. 

"Patot," Scranton. Pa.— Does a little smoking hurt a 
fellow's writing y Ans. Does a httle stealing, a Httle 
swearing or a httle lying hurt a fellow's character? 


?' ■J/aimaAl> Q^^fiCCLna,tA/L& 


without them it wonld receive no more than a pass- 
ing glance from the average reader. 



/^ /^ /S /S /J"/^ . 

Something haa hurt voiir writing. Remember, young 
man, that xvhatr.ver anectw the brain and muscle affects 
the product that comes from these forces. 

H. W.. Covinifton. Ky.— You would get just as strong a 
line and as good a movement if you were to try to write 
with a needle. Dropycur old, scratchy pen into the Ohio. 


fore it reaches the engraver, and the defect is bound 
to sliow in the plate. 

When designing an advertising plate of this kind 
the most important object to beep in view is tbe 
" catchy spot"— such as we have here in the words 

— .==^^«-'^--C^«-''^,^^'Z-^L£-«t--'i--<^_ 

" Billy, " Houston, Tex.— Your capitals are large enough 
to imper an elephant. Don't feel lonesome — you have 
many companions. 

M. P., Hartsville, Ind.— Surely you dipped your pen into 
a mixture of milk and wat«r instead of mto an ink well. 

L. B. C, Eagle Grove, Iowa. — If I make lines thick 1 
wear holes through paper. How do you avoid it ? Ans. 
I avoid it by avoiding acid ink. cheap paper, poor pens and 
a lieavj* hand. 

A. C. M., Providence, R. I.— How far should one be able 
to write with ease without Hfting arm y Ans. At least 
eight inches. The s(juare front position has advantages 
over hU others in this respect. 

F. E. D., Des Moines.— My writing looks worse to me 
than it did when I began a month tfgo. I've worked hard, 
mostly on Plate 1. What is the matter, and is there hope 
for me ? Ans. Just so ; in changing suddenly from pure 
fluger to arm muscular, from drawing to writing, vou 

n form, but see what you have gained i 

!«♦ n«*i c»..»^ \'->,, ->~« .,11 _r~u* . ~ 

"Health, Comfort, Pleasure." It is the first thing 
that the reader sees and on it the eye is sure to rest. 
Such catch words in nine cases out of ten will 
cause the whole advertisement to be read, while 

To County Superintendents and Teachers 
of Un^^raded Schools. 

Realizing the need of work in writing and draw- 
ing prepared for teachers and pupils of ungraded 
schools, Tbe. Journal made arrangements with Mr. 
F. M. Wallace of Sterling. 111., a writer and teacher 
of many years' experience and one who has taught in 
the ungraded schools and knows their needs, to give a 
series of lessons in writing that would be specially 
adapted for such schools. Mr. Langdon S. Thomp- 
son, Director of Drawing in the Jersey City public 
schools, w(ts secured to give a series of illustrated 
lessons in blackboard sketching for teachers, and 
these lessons are particularly arranged for ungraded 
work. The lessons by Messrs. Tliornbnrgh and New- 
lands, as well as most of the articles by leading 
writers and teachers, are just as valuable to un- 
graded as to graded schools. 

The majority of the school pupils in the United 
States are in ungraded or small graded schools, be- 
yond the reach of the good work being done by the 
hundreds of excellent supervisors of writing or 
drawing employed in our larger cities. These 
special series of lessons and articles are of great 
value to the teachers and students in ungraded 
schools, and we hope that county superintendents 
and teachers will aid ns in spreading the gospel of 
good writing and drawing in the^e school?. Most 
of these lessons began with the January number, 
and subscriptions may be dated from that issue if 
desired. We want to reach the millions in the un- 
graded schools, and to the county superintendents 
and teachers we are looking for encouragement. If 
you think we are doing good work, mention The 
Journal to your teachers and friends, show them a 
copy and induce them to tecome subscribers. At no 
other time has such a knowledge of writing and 
drawing been demanded of teachers as at present, 
and from no other source can so much instruction 
and information be obtained on these subjects as 
from the columns of The Penman's Art Journal. 

All that has been said in the foregoing paragraphs 
applies with equal force to literally thousands of 
private schools — academies, parochial schools, etc. 
— that are not justified in employing a special 
teacher of writing. The Journal will be found of 
the greatest use in such schools, and we do not be- 
lieve that they could invest $10 in any other way 
that would give them as many practical suggestions 
relating to the teaching of writing, drawing and 
designing as they can get from a year's subscription 
for The Journal, which costs only $1, including a 
valuable work of instruction in writing, lettering, 
etc., as a free premium. 

have lost 

acl speed. 

are all right ; go 



Jiritvh Lffterdif/, 

N the accompanying plate we give an ex- 
ample of brush lettering as applied to 
newspaper advertising. In this case we 
have a given space into which the letter- 
ing must come, and therefore it is 
necessary to biing the pencil into use. 
All the penciling necessary for the black 
letters is a rapid, inaccurate hairline 
t/.v to guide you in spacing, to show 


where you will come oat at the end of the line. 
Then go to work with the brash regardless of the 
penciled letters as to the matter of form. For the 
white lettering it is necessary to pencil out the 
forms in outline and then work around them with 
a brush. Another way is to paint in the solid black 
and then put in the white lettering with Chinese 
white. This is a more rapid way, but not always 
aatisffictory, as the white sometimes scales off be- 


In the Heart of the Catskills 





A<Mr«5:M? PDiKf, f>feO!>'f>, FIOWSSANT HilLS,Ny. 






- Jlliirllll IflMiiKijbiM ;- 

, f- 

^K;"Si ; ■ 1 

/-...,. ,.. 









No. 4. 
Jllacki/onrit I'raetice. 

^ESSON four is a continuation of 
foimcr lessone. Review as may 
be ueccteary to meet the needs of 
your school. 

Have pupils from now on practice 

on the hkckboard, following your 


If there are too many to be accommodated at the 

board at one time, section the school according to 

ago and size, giving a lesson to a portion of the 

scholars at their desks, while others use the board. 

Small pupils will be delighted to use the black- 
board often, but the teacher must be alert to see 
that their work is productive of good results. Un- 
der the guidance of a skillful teacher blackboard 
work by the pu|)ils is an immense factor for good 
results : there is nothing better. 

Movement exercises are necessary to develop mus- 
cular action and to facilitate execution. 
Give each exercise faitbfnl practice. 

Drill on position, pen and pencil, holding, as be- 
fore, one minute each, 

Moveinvnt nrills. 

Make No. 1 on the board, counting aloud while 
making it. Take your hand-board and illustrate as 
explained in previous lessons. Have the pupils 
practice this exercise throe minutes ; then double the 
hizeof the oval and drill two minutes. Make this 
exercise at the rate of from 90 to 100 per minute, 
including changes from one i)lace to another on the 
paper. Count for each downward stroke, being 
careful that all start in the direction indicated by 
the arrow. Do not shade. Make from ten to a 
dozen rotations without stojiping the motion. How- 
ever, change to another place as soon as the paper is 
worn, but try to have all change at the same time. 

Follow with No. 3 on the board, keeping the direc- 
tion of the oval the same as the ruled line, and 
observing the directions for Nos. 1 and 2 (No. 2 
bting the same as No. 1, except that the hand is 
carried to the right to produce running ovals). 

Drill a few minutes on No. 4, noting that it is the 
reverse of No. 1, being careful about the slant. 
Double the size and follow directions for No. 1 in 
other respects. Follow with No. 5, commencing 
with an npward stroke; then increase the size and 

Vopij Ko. -'?. Turn the paper so that the ruled 
lines will be parallel with the wrist, or nearly so. 
Begin with a long sweep, letting the downward 
stroke fall on the middle line— making the exercise 
six ruled lines in width. The first stroke is the same 
as the long sweep in small m or h. Take the pen up 
aud make the second part the same as the finishing 
stroke in small i' or ». 

Copy No. -',v. Narrow the strokes so as to fall on 
each ruled line. Narrow the work still more, making 
at least ten letters. Then move the paper to the left 
about two inches and repeat, making ten letters 
Move the paper again toward the left two inches' 
When the writing has extended the length of the 
paper move it to the right, to bring it in proper 
position for commencing another line. When the 
page is about half filled push the top sheet of paper 
nway from you, keeping the relative pc-itions the 
same. These are important points and should not 
be neglected by teacher or pupils. 

The count for this letter is ■■ one," "two," "one," 
" two," etc., counting on downward strokes. 

Copy No. I'.i shou'il be made with the long 
sweeps, pausing slightly at the top to make the dot. 
1)0 not shade any of the writing. Count for this 
tetter thus: "one,' "two." 

Copy No. .W. A letter should be made on each 
ruled line, counting as before. Move the paper as 
previously directed. 

'c/enma/ia ZlytiCQA^tunaiP 








'tyenmoM oytiC ClA'u tnaOP 



Practice the oval drills as in yesterday's lesson. 

Copy ]\'o. .'//. Write the word " rix, " as indicated, 
across the rnled lines, each letter falling on a ruled 
line. If you desire, connt each downward stroke. 
Try it without counting. Turn the paper and write 
along the ruled lines, keeping the spacing narrow. 

Cojjy No. .:v. Use the long sweeps, no shade, and 
no finger movemtnt. If the thumb bends there is 
some movement of the fingers not wanted. Correct 
it at once. 

The count, or time, is "one," "two," "three." 

Observe the latter part of the letter is but half as 
wide as the first part. 

Write across the ruled lines, as in No. 31. 

Copy No. ■!■!. Write the word "win" across the 
paper, so that each letter will be on a ruled line. Do 
not count for this e.'sercise. Turn the paper, and 
write one full line, moving the paper twice to the 
left, about two inches each time. Move the paper 
back to the right, four inches. Now make another 
line, putting each word directly over that on the 
ruled line, moving the paper as before. Put another 
line over the second one, following directions as 
given. Write another line over this one, as before. 
No better practice is known for the short, or one- 
space, letters, since tliere will be four written lines 
between the twu ruled lines, and it will teach pupils 
that those letters slioald be one fourth the height 
between the ruled lines. Most people write too 
large; thisis offered as acorrective. Practice much 
in this way with words made from the one-space 

Copy No. .!.',. Turn the paper so that the writing 
may follow the ruled lines. Keep the letters small ; 
the tendency will be to write too large. Be careful 
to have the work appear as solid body-writing. 
Spacing between letters will need careful' observa- 
tion. Instruct as given in a previous number of this 
paper. Swing the arm on the muscle near the elbow. 
Keep the wrist and side of the hand off the paper. 
The thumb must not bend. 


Drill on the ovals awhile. 

Copy No. ,ij. Practice across the raled lines, mak- 
ing the exercise extend across six lines. 

Count: "Ready," "glide," "one," "finish;" 
"again," "ready," "glide," "one," "finish." etc. 
Do not lift the pen in making the first stroke. 

The finishing; stroke in all letters comes off the 
paper while the pen is in motion. 

Copy No. .10. Make each letter so that it will be 
upon a ruled line. Write across the paper, and have 
at least six letters in a gronp, keeping the pen on the 
paper until all in a group are made. Give this much 

Copy No. ,17. Write this word so that each letter 
shall be made on a ruled line. Do not lift the pen 
until in the finishing stroke. 

( 'opy No. .!S. Change pipers. Write on the ruled 
line, working for body writing. 

Give careful attention to the down stroke in the 
first letter, and to the last half of the third letter in 
each word. 


Practice the ovals a few minutes. 

Copy No. .in. Drill across six ruled lines. 

Count: "Ready," "glide," "one," "finish," for 
each letter. 

Be careful about the shoulder in each letter, and 
bring the down stroke on the same slant as the up 

Copy No. .',11. Go across the rulings, making six 
letters in a group before liftiug the pen, and having 
each letter upon a ruled line. 

Curve the up stroke considerably and produce the 
down stroke parallel to it. 

Copy No. .',1. Write each word across the lines, 
using long sweeps for the beginning and finishing 

Copy No. iJ. Change papers. 

Write body writing along the rulings. 

Keep the lines light.— no shade, and use a free 
swinging movement. Do not push and pull the arm 
back and forth. 


Work on the ovals a short time. 

Copy No. i.i. This is difficult. Make it across six 
ruled hues. Curve the np stroke as in No. 39, and 
curve the down stroke to the right almost to the 
line ; then tnrn it on the line and carry it one fourth 


the height of the letter, bringing the pen to a stop on 
the paper, and just to the left of the up stroke : press 
slightly to make the dot ; then lift the pen, place 
the pen on the ruled line, and then make the finishing 
sweep or stroke. 

Copy No. U. This is similar to No. J/S, except 
that a letter is made on each line. 

Copy No. 4'''. Have the word extend across six 
ruled lines. Make the first and third letters one- 
fourth higher tlian the second letter. 

These letters should receive much practice sepa- 
rately as well as in words. 

Copy No. 40. Change papers. 

Write carefully along the rnlings. Finger move- 
ment must not be permitted to those who use pens 
and ink. Children using pencils must be allowed 
much latitude, but an experience of several years 
has shown that they can learn to write with the 
muscular movement before some of the larger ones 
can attain it — sometimes. 

This number completes a lengthy drill upon the 
minimum or short letters — one-half of the alphabet. 

If necessary, give two or more lessons on the work 
outlined for each day, and review frequently, using 
the entire lesson for that purpose. 

At the close of each lesson collect the ink, papers, 
etc., and hang up the best half-dozen sheets. This 
is a good way to create an intense interest in the 

In Plate V of the previous lesson we attempted 
to present several appearances of large bodies of 
water acted on by horizontal forces such as winds. 
In those sketches we made frequent use of many 
similar and concave curves, with sharp edges or 
points turned upward. 

When water is acted on by a strong horizontal or 
oblique force thrusting it forward and over a preci- 
pice, it obeys the laws of other falling bodies and 
moves in the form of a parabolic curve. Where it 
first tumbles over a projection it seems " cool and 
collected" and quite mathematical inform. If it 
falls a considerable distance it may break into splash- 
ing and shapeless foam before reaching the bottom 
of its descent, thus producing the typical waterfall. 


(See Figs. 1,2,3 and 6.) In case the water leaps 
from one projection to another or is obstructed by 
rocks, we have the cascade, as in Fig. 4, which is a 
series of parabolic curves. 

In eketchin^ snch waterfalls as are fonnd in Plate 
VI. the learner must be careful and not do too much. 
The falHuK stream on both eides may be flunked with 
dark (or white on the blackboard)shades or shadows 
of 807Tie kind, as rocks, trees or other scenery, for 
the purpose of contrast with the stream itself, which 
will mostly be white (or black ou the blackboard). 

But the crucial test will be found in at'emptingto 
draw the fonm. spray or mist, as it rises from below. 
Here the touches must be delicately and sparingly 
applied, and to draw delicately one must think and 
imagine delicately. Nervousor thoughtless pcratchfs 
with the pencil will result in total failure. Try to 
ilod the meaning, the intent, in each mark or group 
of touches, 




: An 

We have decided to keep the public school writiDf; con- 
test open until May :{0— no later. AH schools desiring to 
take part in this competition will find Tull particulars given 
on page (JI of the March Joi rnal. All specimens should 
be mniled sons tiTe«c/i us by May HO. 

We hope that every city and town in Auierica will enter 
this competition. It is a wonderful help to both teachers 
and pupils to put forth efforts of this kind. Read the con- 
ditions and carefully comply with them, and then — have 
your specimens here on or l)pfore May 30. 


When the contests in writing amont; the jmpils of public 
schools were inauBurated t)y 'J hk JounNAL, we felt, if th» 
MiperviRors made tlie most of the opiiortunities offered, 
that much interest and enthusiasm could be worked up noc 
only in the pupils, but also in the school officers aud 
patrons of the licliools 

CnrthaKf. Mo., used the contest to spur the pupils and 
patrons to greater efforts, and in this Miss Sarah Frank, 
the Supervise)]-, wh.s ably-backed up by the Superintendent 
and the piets of the city. 

In a letter recently rtceivcd from her. she says : 

We felt very gliid to receive three certitlcate.'! in the late 
contest. The pirls who won these are all painstaking pupils 
and di) nil their work well. We are proud of them, and 
thnnkful to you for your great atteniion to this depart- 
ment. The Superintendent and I went together into the 
schools to present the certificates. To say timt the reci|)- 
ientB were pleased does not half express it. I am sure it is 
B most powerful stimulus to better writing in our city 
pchonla. Our and citizens showed tlieir appreciation 
of our succes6:ul efforts by highly commending us. We 
are glad we tried. 


.1. D. Bond. Supervisor of Penmanship m the public 
scluxtls of St. Pun], Miuu., was born iu Fayette Co., Pa., 
and wius educated in Wisconsin in district aud \illnge 
s^'h.Hils. iu-;ui(Muy aud B. M. Worthington's Business Col- 
It'gi'. Madi-^on. Wis. He then entered the Milton (lit.) Col- 
K'Ki'. from wliiih institution he jjraduatcil iu June. 1S?2. 
and nHHuvcd his sin-ond ilegree from that college in ISTti. 

Mr. Bond phmned to study law. but immediatelv after 
graduating from collcg(> he received an olTer to Uike charge 
of the depjirtuieut of iwumanship iu the St. Paul schools, 
and acceptotl the luvsition. 

While ho Inus liad continuous cliarge of the i>eumimsliip 
iu these schiK>ls for twenty-three yeara. he also taught 

drawing and bookkeeping for three years, and for two 
years act«d a£ assistant stipt. 

He holds two Life State Teachers' certificates, one iu 
Wisconsin and one in Minnesota, and is an officer in both 
the City and State Teachers" Associations. He is also the 
author of " Bond's Staff-ruled Writing Books," and isiu 
demand as a lecturer before teachere' associations all over 
the Northwest. Lately, the teachei-s in Minn, and Wis. 
have had him telling the whys and wherefores of vertical 

Fraternal Notes. 

— Supvr. W. E. Harsh. Helena, Mont., is going to enter 
TtiK JnfuxAi;s public school contest. Mr. Harsh is an 
up-to-date supervisor, aud see-s that his teachers are on 
The JoritxAi-s subscription list. 

— Mr. H. W. Herrou is special teacher of bookkeeping, 
etc.. in the High School, Portland. Ore., and has been very 
successful in his work. Supvr. J. H. Buck has chaige 
of the writing in the public schools in that enterprising 

— H. E. Perrin. prin. of business department and supvr. 
of writing of the San Bernardino, Cal., High School, has 
recently sent us the "Circular of Information," telling 
about the work of the High School, and we have read 
with much interest the part devoted to the Business De- 

— R. J. Bennett, recently a teacher in the Ottawa, Ont., 
B. C, has been appointed "special teacher of writing in the 
public schools of Sau Jose. Cal. Mr. Bennett is an enter- 
prising teacher, and we feel sure the school board of San 
Jose ^viU see that they have acted wisely in giving more 
attention to writing, 

— C. O. Meux, late of Orlando, Fla., is now engaged in 
teaching at Quiucy, Fla.^ where he wall remain during the 
summer season. 

— The " Teachers' Manual and Superintendents' Re- 
port," of Lake Charles, La., Public Schools, makes special 
mention of the work in writing and drawing. W. B. Hale 
is supervisor of those branches. 

— Geo. L. Darin is the new supervisor of writing iu the 
Geneseo. HI., schools. 



of Sni-nb A. Fr 


1. " What kiad of ink is best ^" 

2. "What ink well is best ^" 
" Where obtainable— price ?" 
To be brief : 

First. A blue-black ink-that is, an ink that has a blue 
cast at first, changing to coal-black ioa very few moments. 

Second. The Greenwood Common Sense Ink Bottle. 
Address the Greenwood School Supply Company, Youngs- 
town, Ohio. Price 50 cents per dozen. 

First. It is next to impossible to make au ink that is pure 
black from the start, which will not thicken, mold, grow 
lumpy or r» quire "doctoring" when subject to the un- 
avoidable schoolroom conditions as to heat, dust, exposxn'e 
to the atmosphere and various ink-well contrivances. 

A black ink is desirable above all others, but if the above 
given statement be true, what is to be done about it ? If 
we can get a result satisfactory as to fl )wing (pialities and 
cast by ufeing a quickly changing ink (the only argument 
herein ottered being the grent number of chanpeable fluids 
which find favor in the market), ibe question resolves itself 
into this: 

Which one is the the brst ? 

We think blue black, because it is best for the eyesight 
and is nearest a coal black at the outset. 

It can be had cheap enough for school purposes, which is 
not true of most other good inks, and it is easy on pens. 
It flows readily, giving a firm, true line and, all in all, is 
quite the acme of perfection. 

Miss Frank can secure an extra good ink for her own use 
by mixing Arnold's Japan ink with Arnold's AVriting 
Fluid (green) to suit her ta>te as to shade, and adding a 
little powdered gum arabic if a gloss is desired, keeping 
gloss ink off of books, however, for it will sniear. She may 
write the Reed School Ink Co., Winchester, lud., for 
prices and samples of ink. 

Second. Th^ ink bottle spoken of will practicollv do 
away with all bother tbmning and fixing ink. 

It IS beat bp-cans-^ ; 

It has good capacity. 

It prevents evaporation as nearly as it is possible to do so 

It IS noiseless. 

It is cheap. 

It does not get out of order. 

It can be put in the place of old wells by the teacher. 

It seldom needs refilling. 

It Is easily removed for cleaning. 

It keeps dust and dirt out 

It is in all respects .satisfactory and a boon to teachers 
already overburdened with little details. 

Someone may think the writer is interested, finnncially. in 
the articles recommended. It is not true. Nor has be an/ 
axe to grind. Toe information is given wholly aud solely 
in the hopes of lessening the trials of many a fellow teacher 
who has found the same questions asked by Miss Frank in 
some way demanding a solution. 

If one of the many is, in ever so slight a degree assisted, 
the author of these hues is abundantly repaid. 

W. D. Moon. 

Director of Ptitmanship, Public Schooh, Lima, Ohio. 

From the Frying Pan Into the Fire. 


Great C^'^ar . what a conflict ' What a strike ! What a 
stampede ! What a force ! Wbat a farce ! What a fad ! 
What a furious fusillade I Wliat a freak ! Wbat a fancy ! 
What a favorite I What a seeming victory ! 

From whence did it come ; AVhat brought it about i 
Wbat suggested its l>eiug ? What process evolves it '. Who 
are its converts ? What is vertical writing i 

Don't l)e frightened. Tbe tidal wave will have spent its 
fury only to have accomplished tbe greatest good— viz., 
that of convincing the educational world that the cause of 
poor writing is not in the construction of its letters. 

"A drowning man grabs at a straw,'' and those who 
have been un?ucces-fnl in securing good results either for a 
short or long pericd seek to cover up that farcical failure by 
proclaiming in favor of something, it matters not what, 
just so it diverts the public pulse. 

Intelligent Americans should not be surprised at any- 
thing. Upheavals occur upon every hand, and a failure in 
one direction serves a mighty influence in another. 

The power, tbe force, the life, the energy, the intelli- 
gence, the skill which is required to produce vertical writ- 
ing are ever present with that which receives a degree or 
more either forward or b^ickward. 

It is simply folly to declare otherwise, and uo recognized 
American authority will sustain any other claim, aud no 
one should hope by a sudden flight of imagination to sug- 
gest a remedy with no perceptible change iu the medicine. 
A willingness to give up tbe old for tbe new is a sure 
indication that the old is unsatisfactory and unprofitable, 
yet U3 assurance that the new will serve a better pur- 

How sad to foctemplate the wrong which has been done 
past, generations for having evolved, advanced and sus- 
tained a style of writing w holly inconsistent, viciously ap- 
plied and utterly aboDiinable when compared with the New. 
You and You and You, whose names (until recently) 
were enrolled upon the scroll of fame, will never be for- 
given. Your stupidity and utter indifference will never be 
forgotten. Why were you so bhuil, so dumb, so short 
sighted, so recreant to duty not to see the needs of the 
hour? You obstinately persisted iu leaning forward, 
more, and more, and more, till you reached the highest 
speed and legibility attainable, then plunged into tbe 
vortex as you were ready to shout victory. 

From Ibe New Land across the l)ordera"nd the Old Land 
— Great Britain, Germany. France, Austria, Denmark and 
Swilzerland-across tbe sea, we lind all. all in the altitude 
of war agaio-t us, and behold our doom. 

" Where are we at T' After tbe smoke of battle shull have 
clenred away and a true realization of the inevitable has 
been forced upon us, this picture will be burned so deep 
that it cannot be effaced : 

IVriting to be learned must bz taught, and nothing 
short of superior instruction w\U ar.w practical re 

In this cause we must invoke tbe aid of specialists who 
thoroughly understand their whole duty and are permitted 
to do it through the regular corps. 

" Two wrongs never make a right." It is wrong to ex- 
pect the regular teacher to instruct without proper assist- 
ance ; it is wroDg to condemn her for having failed, and 
it is doubly wrong to assume that a change of direction iu 
a letter will repair the evil. 




<>0.— Djnl)ties3 many of The Journal readpi-s .ire 
familiar with Dr. Stanley Hall's contention that chil- 
dren should learn to write on thehlackhoard hecause 
in the young child motor co ordination occurs most 
readily over large areas. We agree with Dr. Hall 
in the main and heartily reommend blackboajd 
practice in the primary grades. As +he boards and 
walls carnot well be tipped to give tbe slope to the 
down lines, even tliose who are most strongly op- 
posed to vertical writing must acUcowltdge that it 
is the most natural style for blackboard work, Nnm- 
bers of teachers who had always been using the .slop- 
ing style on paptr and who had never heard of ver- 
tical writing as a sy.stem alwajsu^ed it in their black- 
board work. 

/,./.■,/.• loriH^ ll,„l. 

Gl.— What a contrast it must be to the child aftir 
practicing on large forms on the blackboard with a 
round, smooth crayon to immediately take up a fice 
pen and cojiy comparatively small, hair line letters. 
After practicing on the blackboard the child turns 
with pleasure to his work with a smooth pen on the 

large forms on paper. The motion of the pen in the 
large ronnd letters is similar to the free action of the 
crayon on the board and is conducive to a strong, 
free movement. Moreover, the large letter forms are 
adapted to the eyes of young children. It is well 
known that children's eyes are most easily afif.cted 
during the first few yea's of school life, and for this 
reason an aKitation has been started in some quarters 
to have all primary books printed in large black type 
and the Mze of the type to be gradually reductd for 
the higher classes. 

rlir Ki'vtiittoii of Lfttitr Forms, 

<J2.— It has generally been held that in order to 
write automatically the child should be trained in 
but one form of letter from the time he enters school 
until he graduates, and penmen and engravers have 
been striving to design, apparently without refer- 
ence to original types, the most graceful letter forma 
for him to practice on. They have been taking away 
or adding to the letters their predecessors had de- 
signed until the gradual transformation has advanced 
.so far that it is often difficult to recognize the orig- 
inal coimection. 

(};{__Many are under the impression that as the 
copy is. so will be the product, but this theory does 
not hold good. The child will always change or 
modify the ropy to a great extent in his rapid work, 
and when this change is added to the large number 
of changes already made the result is anything but 
satisfactory. For example, we have in the accom- 
panying illustration a number of the changes in the 
form of letters G. F and T. First we have the 
Eomanesque and then the Renaissance, Roman let- 
ters followed by a series of script forms, which 
seems to ine the evolution of the modern script 
letters. For the sake of uniformity 1 have made all 
the letters upright, and it will answer the purpose. 
As before suggested, in our system we have aimed at 
adaptiug writing to the child. One of the ideas in 
this connection has been to make theletters as simple 
as possible, typal we have called them, so that in his 
special lesson the pupil practices only the bare, essen- 
tial, fundamental forms. As the child gains facility 
in the use of these he gradually modifies them ac- 
cording to liis individuality. He puts himself into 
it, as it were, and his writing has a character as 
marked a-i bis speech or his walk. Withusthisisnot 
a mere theory. For some time we have been watching 
our pupils growing into an eisy habit of expressing 
their ideas with a pen. 

(iomi Iti:iiill.i rroili lupe Forms, 

G4. In our experiments we have found that prac- 
tice on the simple type forms s, / and z, as shown in 
the copies, we get better results than by using any 
modified form of these letters. The children easily 
learn to make them and they write them in words 
and stories with confidence. 

/..,oj.» -V.-l ycassaru m, .III j:,rl,n,lr,l /,.,.,■,-,■, 

05. The b, I, j and g ate the only extended lower 
case letters we have found necessary to modify with 
loops. So lar as our experience has extended we can 
see no more reason for looping the h,k,y and q than 
the t and d. 

G6. As may be seen by the copies, we make the 
t, (I, ;j and <; the same length as the capitals or loop 
letters. It simplifies the system very much and does 
not detract in the least from tlie legibility. It is 
ditlicult for me to s«e just why three sizes were ever 
used in script. 

(>7. When teaching a word containing a new 
letter, especially if it be an oval letter, after writing 
it on the board a mark should be made with colored 
chalk to indicate the starting place. 

(>8 —Since we first urged the use of nariow writ 
iug books almost every publisher issuing copy books 
has had the cupits printed on narrow pages. Per- 
sons who do much writing for the jiress almost 
always use narrow paper. A narrow piu-e, whether 
of script or print, is much easier to read than a wide 
one. Then, children always write their best within 
narrow limits. School exercise bojks are usually 
about five aLd out-half inches wide, and we find it a 
great convenience to have copies about the same 

<>{).— Without further explanation the copies 
presented herewith and in the April Journal will 
be sufficient to suggest our method of correlating 



(ITt ' rr-f 

r y ^i a- ^ 

J T^S c^ V) 


J,O Tt, \afW QQ. 


n/m. q oosjP, ni,c^.oTi, 


reading, langoaje and number work with the writ 
iog lesson for the first year grade. 

Sentences for the Writing Exercises. 

Miss Lucy E. Keller, Duluth, Minn., who has 
contributed many bright articles and suggestions to 
this department, favors us with several new ones 
which will appear in due season. She also submits 
the sentences below, which are thus referred to in 
her letter : 

I send you a list of senteuces, graded tor a high grade. 

It is hard to get good sentences, and I wish others would 
send in their list, outside of the copy-books. 

A good business band is very valuable. 

Business neglected is business lost. 

Command you may your hand to write. 

Deserve in order to command success. 

Everybody's business is nobody's business. 

Good writing may be acquired by all. 

He that perseveres will conquer at last. 

In business never lose your temper. 

Join the good writers' ranks. 

Know your business thoroughly. 

Learn to write a plain, business hand. 
Make yourself a good writer. 
Owe no one a single cent. 
Render to evel-y man his due. 
Value time ; drive your business. 
AVrite with an easy, tlowiog motieu. 
Tour communication is at hand. 
Zealous men deserve to succeed . 

The two most recent is.sues of The Wrsfent Prnmttn are 
the brightest and the best that we remember to have seen. 
Bro. Palmer is doing excellent work. There is no jealousy 
between The Jocrxai. and the Feiimnu. We should be 
glad it all our subscribers should take the Hrnniuii also— 
and ajwure them they would get an excellent retm'n tor 
thoir money. 

Webster's International Dictionary, p ublished by 
G. & C. Merriam, Springfield, Mass., is the suc- 
cessor of the ••Unabridged," and is the standard of 
the U. S. Gov't priLting office, the U. S. Supreme 
Court and nearly all the school books. It is new 
from cover to cover, and is an accurate and 
reliable dictionary. The International is the stand- 
ard in The Jour.nal office. . 




d&y//^/f7MJ-^// /^///y/^^ 


Adtbrtwiko RATE8.— 20 cPiiU per nonpareil IInp,42.A0 per Inch 
__^ „ , _ .,_— — ^ space. Special "-••—■— 

each Insertion. 
mmliibfMl on application. No 
ftVHcftimoN.— Olio vcar 91 
■ flde I 

for less than «». 

lept to Imna flde affcn 

wklDK numicrlptlon*. 

CtOBit.— A npeclal clubblnir i 
ll.flO; Siiubii..«l.nS: 

be niaile aa followa: 

pclal clubblnir rMuctlon * 

. ; SKubH.. •l.DS; 4 or more buds., yucenw eacn. 

P&orBWioNAL OR PuRMAHBiiT List.— Tills Iht l» conHned lo \\ 
who pay the full Htiliwrljilluii i>rl<-i*of $1 ( no clul)t)UiK "ub. lakei 

flUpnoHltlon l^tntc tliat the 
of fllW-f ■ 

of mVXram. 

(fc given, aucl t 

e notice for cliange 

OurfirtenilK tc/J 

R mwb troubte and annoying dflay* and 


, -_ . _ jA/< and annoyiT.,, 

mMakea by maklna all vhrrku, ardcrt. etc., payabff lo the Ami 
ROLLINMOK CoHrANV. LettfTn and othr.r mail mailer thoMld be uu- 
dressed in the aame way, at least on thd ouMde of the package. 



The 8rreat«tt cure is tixkon In entering subscriptions and 
nddresaint; wrappers. In spite of this, miBtnkes will some- 
times occur. Sometimes they arise from the address having 
been incorrectly given by the agent. Occasionally the mis- 
take is oum. All these errore may be avoided if the sub- 
scriber will note tlie address of his paper and report imme- 
diately if it is In any respect defective. 

The address of subscriptions may be changed as often as 
desired, but we should have a full month's advance notice as 
the wrappei-s are addressed considerably in advance of pub- 
lication. If you can't give us a month's notice, please have 
that issue of your paper forwarded. The remainder of the 
Bubscrlption may be sent direct to your new oddi-ess. 

Don't bother the agent about these mattoi-s. Nothing can 
bedone until we ;fct wnni uliniit it. and you will save time 
: nniii^iii'j iciihiri. We can't be responsible 

if 111. 

( luliiiiri- iii.M M|.i i.>u~ n.inrfi at ftreduccdrate are 

promr'ih rut ..(t III r h. 1 ,,t expiration. The margin 

wciilii 111. I juMiiv HrMijii- !iiii>, iiiii n notice of expiration is 
gi\<ii imii wr siiiiii iir ;:i!iil i<i . ntrr renewals. The reduced 
cliii.hinw tilt.' |.i,L,ii.:in\ aiiiimiiir^ tdgivingthefirstsubscrip- 
tion lit the rust til niiitciiuls, the liope being that the sub- 
scriber will llnd the paper of sufflcicnt value to justify his 
renewing at the regular rate. 

Editorial Comment. 


f NLESS delayed by some unforeseen 
accident, the Report of the Ninth 
Annual Meeting of the Western 
Penmen's Association will be from 
the press by the time this issue of 
The Journal reaches our readers. 
It contains a full stenographic re- 
port of the proceedings at the Lin- 
coln meeting, embr,icing papers 
and discussions on Peninanshi]), Shorthand, Type- 
writing, Arithmetic, Bookkeeping, Business Prac- 
tice, Letter Writing, etc. Much interest centers m 
the vertical writing discussion. All of this matter 
has been carefully edited by J. W. Warr. and is 

S resented in a neat and attractive form. The price 
aa been put at seventy-five cents a copy (8i,\ copies 
for three dollars) to enable all who are interested in 
penmanship and commercial work to own a copy 
The idea is not to make money but to realize enough 
from the sales to pay the cost of printing. The ex- 
pense of reporting, editing and printing is no small 
matter, and as this publication is an experiment we 
hope our sanguine friends of the Western Penmen's 
Asaocialiou will not be disappointed. Write to C 
A. Faust, 45 E. Randolph St., Chicago, HI., inclosing 
seventy -five cents for a copy. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Zanerian Ai,rHABETs. By C. P. Zaner. Pub. by the 
Zanerian Art College Co., Cohuubus. O. 80 pp 
Oblong. Cloth. ?1. 
Whatever Mr. Zauer Aoes, he does well. The beautiful 
book of lUphalwts now lief ore us emphasizes this fact 
The l>ook couauis forty fuU-page alphubet-s and desiinis. 
hundreds of modifications, stvles of flnish and ornament 
several jiages of engrossing script, round hand, etc The 
instructions are explicit, and about n^ much spjice is given 
to text lus IS devoted to cuts. Exami>les of certificates. 
cover designs, diplomas, etc., are also given. The mechan- 
ical work IS of the l^t. It is elegantly printed on heaw 
plate paper and handsomely bound in cloth with gold side 

stamp. The Zaserian''Alphabets will be owned sooner 
or later by every one interested in lettering. 
A Tkeatise on Q^mmebcial Law and Business Forms. 
By J. A. Lyons. Pub. by O. M. Powers, 7 Monroe 
street, Chicago. 234 pp. Cloth. Price. *1.50. 
Mr. Lyons ha« produced a very practical commercial law 
text and reference book. It is arranged with special 
regard to teaching, but is valuable for reference. Many 
photo-engraved forms of commercial papers, notes, drafts, 
checks, letter of credit, warehouse receipt, certificate 
of deposit, are given and add greatly to the value of the 
work. It is comprehensive, yet the arrangement and 
" boiling down " have made it possible to get a vast 
amount of information in its 224 pages. It should be 
owned by all commercial teachers. 

Gradctating Exercises of the 29th Class (1894) Peirce 
School. PHiLADELrHiA. Pub. byThos. May Peirce, 
Peirce School, Philadelphia. Paper. 48 pp. 
For many years, Principal Thos. May Peirce of the 
Peirce School'of Business, Philadelphia, has made it a 
point to publish in attractive form a full re]K)rt of what 
was said and done at the graduating exercises of his 
school. He gets the best talent in the land to sing, play 
and talk for his students and their friends, and hence the 
proceedings are worth preserving. At the graduating ex- 
ercises of the 29th class, held in the American Academv of 
Music, on the evening of Dec. 21, 1894, the presiding ofificer 
was Hon. Chas. Emory Smith, ex-Speaker Thos. B. Reed 
was the principal speaker, and Max O'Rell delivered his 
address on " 'ifhe Gospel of Cheerfulness." 
Thought Gems. Quotations from America's Ablest 
Pen. Compiled and published by F. B. Courtney, 
Box 534, Kansas City, Mo. Paper. 36 pp. Price, 
25 cents. 
The cream of the ad vice addressed to teachere and learn- 
ers of writing by a score or more of America's ablest writ- 
ers and teachere has been collected and put in neat form 
by Mr. Courtney. It is we'll worth the price, and what 
tfie book contains is good — but many notable names are 
missing from among tht " ablest " penmen and teachers. 

New Practical Grajimar. Pub. by Williams & Rogers, 
Rochester, N. Y., and Chicago. 100 pp. Cloth. 
Price, 40 cents. 

The work in language in the average business school is 
lamentably weak, and in excusing this lack of preparation 
given their students, many business college teachers claim 
that it is impossible to do" much, if anything, in this line 
in from six to twelve months. In six to twelve months 
much may be accomphshed in grammar, with the right 
kind of a student, teacher and text-book. The New Prac- 
tical Grammar, just ft'om the press of that reliable firm, 
Williams & Rogers, is the right kind of a book for the 
grammar classes of business schools. It is full enough to 
cover all the essential points in English grammar, yet con- 
densed enough to permit of the work being done in a few 
months. It teaches punctuation, paraphrasing, para^ 
graphing, principles of expression, the use of synonyms, 
effective words, etc., in addition to the ground usually 
covered in a grammar text. It is carefully prepared, and 
presents the usual handsome appearance that we have come 
to look for in all of the books sent out by Williams & 
Rogers. A commercial student mastering the subject 
matter in this book is prepai-ed to talk and write English 

Pitman's Abridged Shorthand Dictionary. Part I. 
Paper, pocket size, 32 pp. Price, 7 cents. To be 
completed in seveu monthly parts. Pub. by Isaac 
Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, New York. 
In the " Introductory Note " the authors say ; " It is de- 
signed to furnish, in a compass suitable for pocket use, a 
guide to the best phonographic forms for the more common 
words in the English language. The words are given in the 
Corresponding Style of Phouography. At the e^d of this 
Dictionary will be found an alphabetical arrangement of 
all the Grammalogues and Cootructions used in Phonogra- 
phy, which it is believed will prove materially helpful to 
the student while engaged in acquiring proficiency in the 

The Journal's Old Guard. 

Notwithstanding the severe businr-s-: dr-prcssinn during 
the past year and the fact thiit hn-m. ~ - d . - m many sec- 
tions have been especialh' himi n ini I'l -. \i ^x's* Art 
Journal has received Xrom flic |.|..i. - : - 1, [nescnted 

for nearly twenty years a supi ,i> - \,.-,r.\ isiatiivina 

to all connected with it. The aliu i 1 ul .Iwl u.\al. in'bad 
times as well as good, has been to ^n\e tin- Hc--^t without re- 
gard to what it luay cost ; and its theory has been and is that 


the I 

A-; :i ti( 1 ill- -M|... , ■■,, i,[ 1,, w,.- \n„- -iiowing of clubs an- 
nount' I Ml \\ I, ^-11, v.< I I ~, rit herewith another 

gratii>r ■ IN the total with its 

nuota ..I 1;.-! KM- \\, t.ii., ih iMire in puhhcly ac- 

knowk■.i^■^lllK I'm- (.UiiHTiitinii lo iii.):*t' friends who have 
planted the sianduid ot The Journal's Old Guard of Honor 
' part of En gbsh -speaking America, and wish to as- 
„,._,.. capable 

nsir connaenco ana <! 

-.m. ... 

T<t thr M:niuLNn- IMinM, who has particular supervision 
f tliesr i. r.nh, ;,iMi » li-' ■ iiii. iiew to the work loss than a 
earui-'n, iin \\ii,,i| -Ih.mi [, ,1 rn-uperation of leading penmen 
ndsiliiii.i |.[M|ii]..i,,is I In iiiiL-lioiit the country has been a 
ot peculiar jjiatitleation. personal as wci! as profes- 

Burdetl B. C. Boston, conducted by C. A. & V. H. Burdett 
It numbci-s aili. The Messre Burdett were ably seconded in 
their eflforts to pince Tns Journal in the hands of their 
students by the entire corps of teachers. 

The second largest club came from L. M. Thornburgh. 
EvansviUe, Ind.. and numbered 91. making a total of 323 re- 

n- a truly remarkable 

ceivcd from Mr. Thornburgh tbiss „^ 

number when all the circumstances are considered. It shows 
the magnetic mtluence of the man and his popularity as a 

Next in onler comes that excellent teacher, J. W. McCas- 
Iin. penman of the B. & S. B. C . Chicago, with a list of 79. 
making a total for the .'feason of 162— the largest club we 
have had in a long time from that big school Mr. McCaalin 
spreadingjthe gra^l of good writing and wants The 

; have 

. ^ . _. is and 

We are glad to report Mr. Capp again at the helm in 
the pen dep't of Heald's. A club of 34 has been placed to the 
credit of A. F. Rice of the Butte. Mont.. B. ('..a vigorous 
young institution. A club of 3(1 has been received fromJ. F. 
Stocktonof the St. Louis U. \- S. B. (\ Twentv-three names 
have been added from that bi^- iku ili:i1 -. Iim,,i the N. I. N. S., 

Dixon. 111., through tin- in-i HMiilii\ >>f penman \V. T, 

Parks, making a total ot .'4 itn 1 , . .i -> I:m i his ,«ciison. A. B. 
Katkamier, Farmint-'tiiii. ,\ ^^. -. ml- J:;, Muining his list up 
to60. Miss Lula McCoy, t.athn ..r [km, ami drawing in the 
State Nor. Sch.. Huntsvillo. Tex., adds :Si more to her list, mak- 
ing a total of 93. 

Clubs of 15 or more have been received from the follow- 
ing: W. H. Coppins. Dixon. Ill, B C; G K. Demary, B^ec'l 


II. S. Peters, Buena Vista Coll.. Storm 
t. Stock^■n. Cal., B.C. 
Clubs ol ten urmore havebeen received from : J. F Barn- 

hart. Soul6 College. New Orleans, La. (a total of 60); C. E. 
Baird. Geneseo. 111.; Bishop & Peck. West. Nor. College, Shen- 
andoah, la. (a total of 22); J. H Hiaiidrup. Com. Coll., Man- 
kato. Minn. ; S.L. Brown, r,iii-I.\ 111. T. s 1- ; ( \ ( 1 ;indle. 
Athanreum. Chicago, III ; \\ 1 ' 1 ' 1 ^ im Cnj.. 

. Normal. Neb (a 

. .f 20): 

■e, Hico. Tex., Nor. 
ved from the fol- 

, i ' ■■■'■' l{ C: 

Lipsky, Comer's Com. Coll.. Boston, :\I.i-- 1 . 1 , i 1 'w a' 
McPherson. Denver, Col.: T. H . McC mi 1 ■ 1 1 . : , , 1 ^i ; n. 

L. Narregan, Med ford. Neb.; C. B. Po-i 1: 1: 1 \Vor- 

cester. Mass.: C. R. RunnelK Chicago, III ; i < >h;iiri viamo 
City B. C. San Antonio. .Tex.; A. U M-_-('li<-MMai. H & S 
Coll.. Buffalo. N. Y. (a total of m); J. F. Starkweather, Nor- 
wich, Conn.; J. S Sweet, Santa Rosa. Cal.; L. D. Scott. Super- 
visor, Memphis. Tenn.; J. M. Vincent. Packard's Coll.. New 
York (a total of 45); I. N. Wright, Brown's B. C, Blooming- 
ton, 111.: G. W. Donald, Winnipeg. Manitoba. B. C; H W. 
Flickinger, Philadelphia. Pa.; W. J. Trainer. Caton's B. C, 
Butfalo. N. Y. (a total of 07): C. H. AUard, Gem City B. c! 

Huiney, III. (a total of 147); R G JU""-" "— - '^"" ^^— 
oil. (total'ie). 
Other substantial clubs have been 1 

E. R. Sanford, Pittsburgh, Kan.. B. C; R. R Shafer Nor 
Univ.. Fayette. Ohio; W. D. Smith. Concord, N. H ; J. J. 
Swengel, Coll. of Com . Grand Forks, N. D ; S, G. Snell, Bus. 
Coll., Truro. N. S ; G. W. Thorn. 611 No. Washington street. 
Home, N. Y; C. E. Teubner, Winnebago Citv. Minn.; A. F. 
Utterback, Sigourney, Iowa ; F. L. Varney, H'oulton, Maine ; 
P A Westrope. Atlantic. Iowa; E. L. Wiley. Mt. City B C 
Chattanooga. Tenn.; J. A. Willis. Auburri B, (I. . Auburn 
N. Y.: Will J. Wheeler. Springfloid. Mo.; T. T. Wilson. Sagi- 
naw. E. S.,Mich.; J. W. Washington. Salem, Mass.; J. C. 
Mclntire. Iron City Coll., Pittsburgh, Pu ; J. E. Mc^urney. 
State Normal School, MilliTsvillc. Pa.; liobt .1, Mcintosh 

Toledo. Ohio; I. H- yh-iUi\n: X,„- ^<| I, ..ihnv;, (Hit ■ A 

E. Mack, Com'l Coll Kmtv mil \l;(iii. , n .1 Mirinieh. 
Pindlay. Ohio ; J. J. .\;i'j i.^, 1 i.-r|.,>( r c, .n <.m mh, I'.ri-nnrt. 

Illj C. F. Nesse. Saliii;i- c:ii , ( i' i,.^. i'i<nM,t,[ \eb ■ 

I. S. Preston. 302I)ii<ll.\ viir, I it, ,-!--,, \;;i~- ; \ ,1 i>orter. 
Jamestown. N. Y.. B. ('-: W. V I'ai-i.u-; l\ai;iina/,un Mich 

B. C; W. A. Phillips, St. Thmnas, ont : !•: I' niiintal 
Brown's B. C. Peoria, 111.; J. M U.-sj,-r. Atlanta (oi ■ (jeo 
Russell. Auburn. U. 1.; N. L. Itirhmon.i. Kmikakro III ■ A 
N. Rogers. So. Framingham, Mas^.; T. D. Kuwlund. Eugene. 
Ore.: VV. C. Ramsdell. Drake's B. C. .lei-sey City. N. J.; D. 

C. Rugg, Sch. of Bus.. Minneapolis. Minn.; Reynolds 
& Brown. Coll. of Com.. Chatham, Ont.; A. A. Aber- 

Rutland, VI (a total of 12): S. B. Fahnestoek. McPlier 
Kan. (a total of 31) : E. E. Ferris. Western Nor. Coll., Lincoln, 
Neb. (a total of 18): Col. N. Faulks. University Park. Ore (a 
total of 11): O. C. Gegenheiroer, Naperville. 111. (11 total of 

Oil City. Pa. (a total 

St , New Orleans. La.; A. 

y^tnn. Ky.; A. P. Root. 

I of 69); C. W.Ransom. 

total of 29): G. M. Lynrb. ( 

of 27); E. F. Lyon. l!i;;;( i 

McMichael. 107 So. Milt s\ 

Peirce's B. C. Philadelphia, 

Bayless B. C. Dubuque. la. (a total of 16);'a A. Stewart, 

Archibald B. C. Minneapolis. Minn, (a total of 33) ■ H C. 

Spencer, N. Y. B. C . 81 E. 125th St.. N. Y. City ; E. L Miller, 

Simpson B. C, Indianola. la (a total of 15) ; Amo'^. W. Smith. 

Coll. of Com.. Butfalo. N. V.: G. W Sn^iviv Tmottn n C, 

Huntington, Pa.; W. L. Smith. Moorfb.: ^ I'l :i ttdal 

of 26); H. L, Sayler. Amity Coll., < 1 - la • 

O. A. Ferring. Glcnwood, Min.; D. H- i H \ J- 

Walter F. Foss,Dirigo B. C, Augusta, Ml : <> I, lul-lium' 
Richmond. Ind.: G. W. Gillett. careof ( op|> tiro.>*. i o. Karail- 
ton, Ont.;E. I. Heffron, ITtica. N. Y.; L. W. HalletL, MiUer- 
ton. Pa,; J.L. Howard, Brattleboro. Vt.; L. W. Hammond, 
Bata\'1a. N. Y.; Hoover Bros., Santa Barbara. Calif.: H W. 
Herron. 700 E. 1.5th St.. Portland, Oregon; li N. Monniiiger 
Taunton. Mass.. B. C.;W.R. Hayward. (,,,,,1 , ,.]]...,- ( Har- 
lotte.N. C; W. E. Hai-tsock. 704 Olive sr -■ I , m,, • m 
G. Henry, Alliance. Ohio.: I. N. Inskor ! \ cal.': 

D. E.Johnson, Northern la.. Nor. Sch." I \ _ , ; i \v" 
Jones, Brocktnn, Mn^.; Le Doit E. Kirnhin, I . .v . 11 \).,.s • B 

C. Kassel, AIlj'Ii' Iii . I. S.Brown. Adrajii. Mi.b.; (\ a'. 

"""" Nortb \ I M. A. Blanchard, Peterborough. 

Nrm.jJ. F. Barnes. Lafayette. 
MT, Hiimmelstown. Pq.; R. S 
r. T<-nn.: F A. Curtis Fitch- 


I . I h,,ii,i~.,.i,,i,. White 

Ont.; Peter 
Ind.. B. C; I 
Collins. Sui« 1 
burg, Mass.; Ot 

Ash. Pa.; A. B. Curtis 

totolof aij;A. F. WalliiM, Onartra, III. lu i.iii ,1 1 1 Krank 
T. Weaver. Wilh.Tf.M ■,,., iihio. ITniv. m,l .11 l.,.- K F 

' I''" '«. Texas (a total of 24);' A.' r! 

- ' ' ' "h.Pq. (a total nf 14) ; Zanerian 

Wildish. Met 
Whitmore. It 
Art College. 

Butler, Pa., 11" 
field. III., B. (. . 


The nnnkcfN Have Th 



UDGING by samples received from 
them, the bank clerks and book- 
keepers use a free movement in 
their writing. The specimens 
shown herewith are from book- 

keepers, clerks, correspondents, 

Following is a copy of the letter sent to each bank 
from which we asked specimens : 
Phcenix Nat'l Bank. New York : 

Dear Sirs; The Penman's Art Journal is collecting 
malerial for a series of illustrated articles showing the 
styles of writing that are current in large business estab- 
lishments at home and abroad An important feature in 
this seriesof illustrations will be the writing of "American 
clerks, boobbeepers and general office belp. 

We write toask you to do us the favor of securing two 
lines of rapid business writing from each of three or 
four of the b^st Itusiness writers in your establish in ant. 
Please do not let them know that these specimens are for 
publication, as that would de^troy their value to us. We 
don't want dress parade writing, but genuine every-day 
business writing. 

For the sake of uniformity we suggest the following 
lines: '* At sight, pay to the order of C. V. Jones, Rfty 

Will you please have the writing done with good black 
ink on the inclosed slip of paper and mail at earliest con- 
venience in inclosed envelope without folding I 
Respectfully your.«, 

Penman's Art Journal. 


Huntlreds of teachers and other!; who desire summer 
vacation trips should take advantage of om- special sub- 
scription offers. For 850 subscriptions at ?1 each you can 
get a delightful European trip ; for 150 subscriptions a 
trip to Denver ; for (iO subscriptions a trip to and one 
.week's lx)ivrd at Chautau(iua, N. Y.; for .50 subscriptions, 
trips tt) Bay View, Mich., Chautauqua or Old Point Com- 
fort and Virginia Beach ; for 35 subscriptions a shorter 
trip to Old Point Comfort. 

The various commercial school publications of S. S. 
Piickard are as popiilar to-ilay as ever. They are in use 
in business colleges all over the country. 

The Summer School of Drawing and Penmanship of the 
Omaha, Neb., Com'l Coll. will be in charge of that master 
penman, J. W. Lampman, whose work we have shown 
several times in The Journal. It open.s June 3. and 
affords an excellent opportunity for those preparing to 
teach or for any desiring better methods and a general 
" brushing up." 

'"Powers' Practical Publications" are prepared by a 
man who has the necessary training and experience to fit 
him for the preparation of books for business colleges. He 
is a business man as well as a business teacher, and his 
books show that he knows what is wanted in business and 
how to train young people. Every commercial teacher 
should have a full set of these valuable books in his refer- 
ence hbrary. Address O. M. Powers, 7 Monroe street, 

The "Automatic Man,'* C. A. Faust, 45 E. Randolph 
street, Chicago, is making a big drive in automatic shad- 
ing i)en supplies. 

" Practical Drawing," by A. C. Webb and G. W. Ware, 
Supervisors of Writing and Dra%ving in Nashville, Tenn., 
and Ft. Worth, Tex., respectively, and published by the 
Southwestern Pub. House, Nashville, Tenn., is meeting 
with success. It has been indorsed by many leading State 
and city sujieriutendents, supervisors and teachers, and 
is used in many of the large city schools. Messrs. Webb 
and Ware are experts with pen and pencil, and they've 
had enough teaching experience to know what the schools 

The faculty of Yale Law School has decided to add a 
course in bookkeeping to the curriculum. This is an iu- 
dor^iement from the highest source of the benefits accruing 
to lawyers from a study of bookkeeping. F. W. Shillitto. 
the expert accountant in charge of the class, has selected 
the " Complete Practical Bookkeeping," published by the 
Pi-actical Text Book Co., Cleveland, O., as the text to be 

P. B. S. Peters, Storm Lake, la., issues " A Small Circu- 
lai- Full of Big Bargains." about his specimens, lessons, 
supplies etc. He is doing a rushing business. Send for 
his cu-cular« and see what he has to sav. 



-^ ^^^''^yj^-rc^ . 




7^ y^%^ ^:^^-i^^AMy ^^ 
■L</ . 

'0- ■ 



'fj/c/i/ruwi> Qyfct-ClJiftitAa/^ 

School and Personal. 




K clip the following from the Big Rajmb , 
Mich.. /Vo».#-r,-, of recent (Iflte : " C. A. 
We.HW'l. who attended the Hi^h Covirt 
of the Independtmt Order of Forewtere 
at Landing thiw week ha« returned. 
While there he wa« elect«<l a represent- 
ative to the Supreme (^>ui-t, which 
meet« in London. En^.. next Auprust. 
Ill Mr. We«8el'H election to eo high a 
position not only is Court Unison 410 
honored, but the city of Big Rapids as well. Mr. Wessel 
has been six times re-elected Chief Ranger of this Court, 
and ha« always been a hard worker in the interests of For- 
e»*tr>'. and has well earned the honor which has been given 
hirn. Court Unison and the Stat* of Michigan can rest 
BiiHurod they will be well represented." Mr. V\'es8el leaves 
for London August 1. and will visit Ekiinburgh and Belfast 
before he returns. He will l>e gone altogether two 
montlu. It is a most delightful trip, and we wish him a 
pleoaant voyage. 

— .T W MrCrislin 1 1..- e<Mn;iI ii.-ninan nf tjijit I.tu' sclibol, 

till- 11] v;(iii A --li.ill.u, r.ii^in. --^t -lli-^-. ( lili :iL'n i- .'i Iliodest 

^^1/. '■.(.!.-. ;. . I h ].. I -. .1. i: .i[. ))ii.-. i rij. I [. wa.s bom 

nu'\ I., .p. I .... ,, I,, MM n, ln.||;,M;i.;Mi.l ; s, .||, ,(,] rcgU- 

Imt I '. 1 1 , ,N. .11,,, uwa Icarli.T. and to her, no doubt, isdue 

in- 1 .1 ilv training and desire for a higher educa- 

ii'.i. I Miiii I I' Mulkins. now sup'r.. of writing in St. 
•I", pi. M" !'■ took his first special writing lessons 

m 'M. ,, ■. :.. ,iii<l ImI1w\vi-(1 tins a few years later with 

1- ' " ii.'iii il)i innu-ipal of the local high 

SI 1. I : .1 111,' i;iiiii \\;i-. followed by work in a 

3ect of 

. s<-h«. 

, Til! 

r s]t('t<-h on bis !■ ! 

In INKlMlO return. ■■! I.. \ ■|][.:ii;u-... ;iimI 

scientific and |irMiii:ni^hi|i r^.ni-.-. i 
under the gui<lance of E. K. lsaac«. JMr)st ot Ins 
while in school were paid by work with his pen. 

In 1«1)3 he first hung out his professional shingle in 
Huntington, Ind., \yh('re he opened a day and night school 

in i)cnnianshi| 



mid teai-Iios 



mjiid : 

stylo i 

11 il,.i 


1. Jdli 

11 H. 




i>ii ■• 1>, 
■h -'1. 


1 u.. 

I. til. 



.■^ Br,., 


:il ,-;it 

N. 5 

iiccessful. Next, he was princi- 
pal of a graded school in a 
neighboring town for one 
year, This was followed by 

;i y<-;ir spent as teacher in 
tlM (In, ,i^'o Bus. Coll. On 
• iiil\ f I ■■' '4, he commenced 
iiis u, ik in theB. &S.Bu8. 

< 'oW w liiir he has charge 
"' 111'- wi-iting. He has 
(.,,1, Mirci-ssful and has 
;nMiiv,ii -Tcat interest and 

< MiliiiM:isin in good writing. 

olloctioiis of Abrahiini Lincoln."' 
commercial students of Pratt 

10 of Griffitts' College of Com- 
st received. Mr. (Jriffitt* wiites 

. School, of which Mit- 

in. and 

"I'll. rl,. itKil Ulr.du.ul 1,,.U.-U1..IU |.l«i.-^]R-luU^. 

-Among ruceut visitors to Thk'Juikxal office were 
H. (^)leiuan of Coleman B. C. Newark, N. J.- M L 
Mmer, Pratt Institute Brooklyn. N. Y.; W.E.Drake. Jer- 
^W (ity B. C. N. J.: L. \.. Williams of Williams & 
Rog«i-s. Rochester. N. V.; Miss Anna Wells PtM-ksill N 
Y.; H. \V. Plickinger, Philadelphia ; J, M. \SwlV. w kesl 
Banv.P« B.C.; E. K, <-InMs and Mrs, Chdds. Child? 
Busme.^s Colle^M.. Spnn^^tieM, M;us.. ; M. D. Fulton. Peeks- 
M. H. Penrose, Dnike's Jersey 


I'arnham cunii; ti>\ ni ls:i' 
Porte Business Cnlh-i,',. ..ii an i\i 
time he was opi-iatiu- Minilar <«. 
His^ilan of operation. ;u, lollowcd 
arships at a high tigure and accop 
ne^ttiabh" notes. Famham hiLs is.- 
original notes, selling the pajjer I 

.'1!.l;c Swindler," in 
' !■ 1 rnt date, was 
' .;. wiiu is wanted 
■ ii. 11 and Lima, O.. 
M.M HI New York. 
d e>ral)li>,hed thcLa 
iMVf M-alr. At that 
lies at other iHjints. 
IV, was to sell schol- 
|>aym.'nt th.-refor in 
■a dupluates uf the 
' ' He 

linall.v disapiK'aivd with about ^>(1.iiiki secured in this 

—In a lat« issue of the Ciukk/ikh Shorthand lif^virw 
tiuit* an extruded write-up with portraits and cut of build- 
ing IS given of the Spenceriau School of Shorthand, Mon- 
UT/ ^""n i"-"'^ **-^ ^'^'^^ in-oprietoi-s. R. S. Wright and J. 
P. McDonald. 

—J. H. Everett has puirhaiied the interest of E. D. HiUlv 
m Perry. la.. B. C. and the firm name now is Wall & 
Eveivtt Mr Everett, the new associate proprietor, is a 
pupil of L. M. Thornburgb. 


5 the 

-A. F. Rice, proprietor of the Butte. Mont., B. C. is an 


enterijrising business college man, and is equipping his 
school \vith even."thiug of tne best. 

— Lost month we announced a new schoolat North 
Atlams, Mass.. which was opened by C. A. & F. H. Bliss. 
Thev have added another school to the list, which will be 
known as the Bliss B. C. Fitchburgh. Mass. C A. Bliss 
will be principal, and E. J. Shaw penman of the North 
Adams, Mass.. school, and F. H. Bliss, princiiml and F. A. 
Curtis, penman, of the Pittsburgh. Mass., school. 

—We received a ticket of admission to Sunday af- 
ternoon meeting at the Y. M. C. A. building, Utica. N. 
Y., for March H. at which time Miss Bessie Risinger. the 
little daughter of P. J. Risinger of the Utica. N. \'.. B. C. 
was to sing. Local papers speak very highly of Miss Bes- 
sie's ability as a vocalist. 

—The Utica Dailu Press of recent date makes mention 
of presentation of fine banquet lamp by the students of 
the Utica, N. Y.. B. C, to Mr. Risinger. 

— L. F. Schuford, who has been conducting a business 
school at Sharon. S. C, has opened another at Clay Hill, 
S. C. . known as the Magnolia Literary and Business In- 

—The Myrtle Springs. Tex.. Normal Institute and Bible 
School is the latest addition to the Texas educational in- 
stitutions. N. A. Matthews is president, and E. A. 
Shaver, secretary'. 

—In the Richmond, Ind.. /'"'/'/ I', we find 
' quite an extended account of tin l-rini. mi ■ lireatness." 
by Mayor J. S. Ostrander before t)if stu.lenrs and friends 
of the Richmond B. C. lately. Pi es„T,iit Fnli,'hum is en- 
deavoring to give his students the best in all Hues. 

—The new catalogue of the Lebanon. Pa., B. C. presents 
a handsome appearance and is a most convincing, busi- 
ness-like document. In addition to a number of half-tone 
portraits of the faculty and the interior views of the 
schoolrooms, it is embeliished with many appropriate and 
handsome designs from the pen of C. M. Lesher, the head 
of the penmanship department. The officers of the school 
are J. G. Gerberich, pres't; C. M. Lesher, secy.; W. I. 
Gasseit, treas. 

— H. B. Parsons, prin. of the Parsons B. C, Columbus, 
Ohio, has branched out by adding a Ti'ade School Depart- 
ment, known as the Columbus Manual Training and In- 
dustrial Art School, to his Business College. A recent 
number of the Columbus Momimj Press devotes nearly 
two columns to a description of the new school. 

—The Santa Barbara. Cal., B. C, F. B. Hoover, prin., 
C. D. Hoover, secy., has just issued very attractive, nicely 
illustrated catalogues. It is well illustrated, and shows 
excellent taste throughout. 

—A very enjoyable reception was that of the Childs B. 
(.'.. Holyoke. Mass.. which occurred not long ago in the 
Hotel itamilton, at Holyoke. Music, refreshments and 
dancing filled out a delighttul evening, and Prin. C H. 
Childs was much jileased at the large number present and 
the general good time experienced by all. 

—The Charleston, W. Va., Daih/ Gazeitc had the fol- 
lowing in a recent issue : " One of the prettiest and most 
artistic pieces of engi-ossing we have seen in a long while, 
is the certificate for Senator Elkins from the Governor of 
West Virginia to the U. S. Senate. The work was done 
by Prof. H. C. Rowland of the Rowland & Elliot Busi- 
ness College of this city." 

—Judging by the experience of Martin H. Mettetal, 
Boones Creek. Tenn., we are led to believe that young 
men in the South appreciate business education* Mr. 
Mettetal walked from Boones Creek/^to Nashville, a dis- 
tance of three hundred miles, to enter Draughons B. C. 

—The Oberlin, O.. B. C. has been regularly incorporated, 
with Pi-jncipal J. T. Henderson pres't. and J. D. Yocom. 
secy, of the Board of Tnistees. The fii'ni name is The 
Oberlin Bus. Coll. Co. 

— W. J. Spillman is pres't, and I. C. Shafer penman of 
the Alamo City B. C, San Antonio, Tes. Mr^Buckraau 
is no longer connected with the institution. Mr. Shafer, 
who is a Williams of Valparaiso boy, repoils the school in 
a very prosperous ct)ndition. 

- G. W. Schwartz of fi44 North Eleventh street, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., is about to open a Business College in that 

-—J. B. Lanigan. proprietor of Little Falls, N. Y., B. C, 
has opened a new school at Irouwood, Mich., known as 
the Ironwood B. C. He takes personal charge of the new 
institution, while K. C. Schugers. a late Valxianilso, Ind., 
Normal student, manager the Little Falls school. 

— A ver>' attractive and business-like circular is that 
is.sued by Dr. Cjiri)enter's Bryant & Stratttm B. C, Saint 
Louis. Dr. ('ann-nteris a believer in high-class penman- 
ship, anil incoiixirates a number of handsome specimens 
in this announcement. He is giving the people of Mis- 
souri a first-class school, and is ably assisted by that ex- 
cellent penman and teacher, J. T. Stockton. 

—We have received from the Belle villcLOnt., B. C. an 
in\itation to attend the Oth annual "At Home," which 
was given in the College Auditorium, Fiiday evening, 
April 1'.). Local papers tell of an enjoyable time. 

— G. W. Wallace, the well-known iu-tist penman, who is 
artist-m-chief of the Sjiint Paul. Minn, Pionet-v I*ress, has 
favored us with a copy of the Easter edition of that paper. 
It is full of designs from Mr. Wallace's pen, and indicates 
that he must be Kept veiy busy. 

—Mr. Wm. J. Amosof the facultv of the Menill College. 
Stamford. Conn., kindlv favored us with an invitation for 
the commencement exercises of the <lass of '!)-■) and the 
Alumni Reception, whu-h w;is held Fiiday. April 2«, at 
the Town Hall. The .school has had a most prosperous 
year and a well-trained class was gi-aduated. 

—We acknowledge receipt of photographs of J. B. 
Mack. Nashua. N. H.. and G. McClure, Beavor Falls, Pa., 
for om- professional photograph album. 

—In the recent disastrous fire in Milwaukee. Wis., the 
Mayer B. C. suffered a severe loss. 

—A late issue of the Salem, Ore., statesman gave quite 
an extended notice of a " moot " court conducted in the 
rooms of the Capital B. C. of that city. Several young 
lawyers of the city took part, and it was a most interest- 
ing and instmctive occasion for all concerned. 

Among the i-ecent new schools that have been brought 



to our attention are Western Business Collie, Port 
Angeles, Wash., S. C. Bright, prin.; Vincent's Ckimmer- 
cial College, Cleburne, Texas, C. H. Vincent, prop.; Mount 
Vernon, Dl., B. C, S. McVeigh, prop.; Elwood, Ind., B. 
v.. W. M. Bruner. pres., W. S. Brandenburg, business man- 
ager ; American Counting Room, 420 West Main street, 
Louisville, Ky.. L. Commgor. mgr.; Berkey & Dyke's 
Private Bus. "School. Clevdand. Ohio.. Berkey & liyke, 
props. ; Washington Bu's. High School, Washington, D. C, 
Allan Davis, prin.; School of Bus. and Shorthand, Altoona, 
Penn.. W. G. Anderson, prop.; The Anderson School of 
Commerce. West Sunbuiy. Pa.. A. F. Anderson, prop. 

— P. W. Frederick, teacher of penmanship in the Zanes- 
ville, O., B. C. has purchased a naif interest in the insti- 
tution and the new firm name will be Saumenig & Fred- 

—The Cleveland. O., Leiiflfi- speaks of a very pretty cus- 
tom of the Speucerian Business College of that city in ask- 
ing its friends one evening during the year to a reception 
and entertainment. On the last occasion the rooms were 
beautifully decorated, a splendid orchestra was in attend- 
ance, and 'music and recitations made the time pass pleas- 

— J. Clark Williams has again assumed the presidency 
of CmTy University. Pittsburgh. Pa. Local papei"s spptik 
ver>- hopefully of the result in the-change of management, 
and at Mi'. Williams' first appearance in general exercises 
the students gave him a rousing recepti(m. He has had 
much experience in school matters, and with his hand on 
the helm citizens have greater faith in Curry University 
than ever. 

—On May 1, the Metropolitan School of Isaac Pitman 
Shorthand moved into the elegant Presb>'teriau Building, 
152 Fifth avenue, corner Twentieth street, New York. 

— M G. RohrhouRh. of the firm of Rohrbouph Bros., pro- 
prietors of tbe Omaba, Neb., Commercial College, whose por- 

_____^ trait is shown herewith, 

^"^ - is a native of Hancock 

Co , 111., where he spent 
(he first twenty years of 
bis life — like most pen- 
men— on a farm. He grad- 
uated in Scieutific Course 
from Carthage, 111 , Col- 
lege, in 1S7S. obtaiuing 
the degree B. S. He then 
became principal of the 
Basco, III . High School, 
and ihf following jear 
manager of tbe commer- 
cial department of Mt. 
Morris, 111., College. Af- 
ter five .vears in this posi- 
tion he removed to Omaha, where, in 1884. he founded the 
school of which he is ^till the head. In U\H the college was 
burned out, but it is now located in new quarters with a 
good attendance. Mr. Kohrbougb has been as ^ucce^sful 
personally as has his school. 

- E. E. Gaylord has purchased the Preston, Iowa, B. C! 
from A. N. Palmer. 

—Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Harsh. Helena, Mont., are rejoic 
ing over the anival of a daughter— Lucille. 

—The Hamilton, Ont., Eveninrj Times, in a recent issue, 
devoted nearly a column to an account of a largely at- 
tended " conversazione " at the Canada B. C. It was the 
thirty-third anniversary of the establishment of the col- 
lege, and Prin. R. E. Gallagher and Mrs. Gallagher were 
assisted by a large reception committee of students in look- 
ing after the guests. Music, recitations and dancing 
rounded out a delightful evening. 

—We extend our sympathy to A. B. Cushman of Chi- 
cago, who has suffered bereavement in the death of his 

Morcmcnt of the Ttachivti. 

Henry C'. Walker is teaching penmanship in the Uni- 
versity "at Little Rock, Ai'k., and the Y. M. C. A. of the 

same place. L. H. Jackson, associate proprietor of the 

Charlotte, N. C, C. C, in addition to his other duties, has 
charge of the books of oue of the Charlotte leading banks. 

A. McMichael has been sucx^eeded by T. G. Wright, as 

lieuman of the Lexington, Ky., B. C. M. L. Hurst, 

formerly penman of the Prairie Lea, Tex., Academy, is 
now located at Martindale, Tex. There is no penman con- 
nected with the Prairie Lea school at present. B. E. 

Kerr of Stockton, Cal.. itinerant penman, is taking a vaca- 
tion at present. M, D. Fulton, late of the Indianapolis, 

Ind., Coll. of Com., takes a j.hue made vaeant by tbe res- 
ignation of C. T. Cra-in. p,-, kvkill, X V . Military Acad- 
emy. Mr. Cragin goes ro Salem, M;isv , i 'nm. Coll. T. 

W. Green, formerly penman ut the Fitu^ville. Pa., B. C, 
is now bookkeeper in a large imulement house in the same 
city. The business college has closed its doors. A. Oak- 
ley Spencer, the well-known penman, is now filling a re- 
sponsible bookkeeping position in Waterbury, Conn. 

A. D. Green, former penman of the Central B. C, Strat- 
ford, Ont., is now with the Ontario Natural Gas Company 
of Walkerville, and J. C. McTa\ish is filling a position as 

X>euman in the Business College. Amos W. Smith has 

severed his connection with the Buff"alo, N, Y., t.'ollege of 

Ck)m. F. B, Hudson is the penman and instructor in 

commercial branches in the St. Johns Mil. School. Man- 

lius. N. Y. J. C. Hanis isconducting classes in writing 

in the Y. M. C. A.. Chelsea, Mass. E. E. Ferris, late of 

the Western Nor. ('., Lincoln, Neb., is tbe new penman 

of the Ball B. C., Muncie. Ind. J. M. Souers has been 

assisting Mr. Drake of the Jersey City B. C. during the 
illness of Mr. M, H. Penrose. Mr. Penrose, we are gla<i 

to say, has entirely recovered. F. L. Ellett, the new 

penman at the S])rmgtield. Mo., B. C, also has charge of 

the flourishing art department in the same institution. 

W. Beck. Davenport, Neb., is the new teacher of short- 
hand in the Northwestern College of Com., Grand Forks, 

No. Dak. -P. A. Westrope is back at Albany, Mo.. 

again. E. F. I'lmbennan . Decorah, la., will spend the 

spring and summer in the Zanerian Art College, Colum- 
bus. O. James A. Mitchell, late with the Muncie. Ind.. 

B. C, is back home at Lowder, HI. L. B. Lawson, 

whose headquarters are at Los Angeles, Cal.. is stining 
up matters in the penmanship line in Arii»ma just now. 
J. C. Bowser, late of Erie, Pa., B. U., is teaching in 





the Northern B. C. Watertowii, X. Y. L. A. May, lat^ 

teacher of the SpriiifffieUl. Mo.. B. C. now has charge of 
the shorthand dcpartoieiit of the Kansas Citj'. Mo.. B. U. 

O. M. Langum, formerly of the School of Commerce 

and Finance, jilinneapolJB, Minn:, is the new penman of 

the College of Commerce, Indianapolis, Ind. H. D. 

GoBhert. forraerlv of the Gem Citv B. <:.. lato of Decatur, 
m., ianow tejiching in Dr. Carpenter's B. & S. B. C, St. 

Loniji, Mo. A. J. Hall, formerly tencher iu the Ind. 

Nor. College. Co\ington, Ind., is now coimected with the 

Crawfordsville, Ind., B. O. E. E. Wemett of Livania, 

N. Y,, is itmeratiug, and is located now at Springwater, 

N. Y. C. W. Ransom is no longer connected ^^^th the 

Bayless B. C. Dubuque. la., and haw returned to his home 
at Lelx), KansiLs. Hcf will address several teat-hers' insti- 
tutes during the spring and summer. A. D. Taylor, the 

well-lmowu iienman, has associated himself with'the Gal- 
veston, Tex., B. U. \Vm. N. Smith has severed his con- 
nection vnXh the Willis, Tex., Coll., where he was prin. of 
the commercial department, and is now located in his 

former home, Wauseon, O. C. F. Beutel, formerly of 

Afton, la., Nor. College, has entered the Des Moines, la., 
(Jollege, and is taking an advanced course in German, 

Higher Mathematics and History. P. V. Malm, penman 

in the Minneapolis, Minn.. Nor. and B. C. will not teach 

next year. He will enter school for a scientific course. 

J. C. Oleen, a young Dane, who has been in America less 
than four yeai-s, has developed exceptional ability with 
the pen, and now has charge of the penmanship depart- 
ment of the W. N. C. and Chamberlain Institute, Lincoln, 


AVtf Cataloffti 

ntl School .foil 

Well arranged and well printed catalogues have 
been received during the month from the followmg institu- 
tions : Kimball's Shorthand and Typewriting Training 
School, Chicago, Dl.; Cuny University, Pittsburgh, Pa., 
Trinidad, Colo.. Actual B. C.; Clark's B. C, Oil City, Pa.; 
Maple Street Sliorthand and Business College, Ogdens- 
burg, N. Y.; Columbus, Ind., B. C. and Nor. C; National 
B. C., Roanoke, Va.; Brown's B. U.. Adrian. Mich.; Jew- 
ell Lutheran Coll., Jewell, la.; Nashua, N. H,, B. C; 
Bangor, Me., B. C; Fayette, O., Nor. Univ.; Rutland. 
Vt., Inst, and B. C; Wells Com *1 and Shorthand Univ.. 
Toronto, Ont. 

School journals from the following schools have reached 
our office during the month : B. & S. B. C, Louisville. 
Ky.; State Normal School. Valley City. No. Dak.; Spen- 
ceriau B. C. ('Icvpland, Ohio; Spencerian B. C, Owens- 
boro, Ky.: Mvrtli- Spring's, Texas, Normal Institute : De- 
troit, Mich.. Jl. L' ; Winti.'ia. Kan., B. C; Pacific B. C, 
Vancouver, BntLsh fulumbia ; Metropolitan B.C., Dallas, 
Texas; Mankatu, Minn., C. C; Los Angeles Cal., B. C. 
Afton, la., N. C: CliuUm, la., B. C; Bixler B. C, Woos- 
ter ; Actual B. C., Canton, O ■ Buena Vista Coll., Storm 
Laket la.; Oberlin, O.. B. C.; Santa Rosa, Cal., B. C; 
Merrill Coll.. Stiinifoni. Conn.; Eastman Coll., Pough- 
•- B. C, San Francisco, Cal.; 
m-lield. Mo., B. C; San Fran - 
; > B. C. Dallas, Texas ; Bart- 
Le Mars, Iowa, Nor. Coll.. 

keepsie, N. 
B. .C., Wof 
Cisco, Cal., 
lett's C. C, 

Blutt' City Coni'l Schoul, Alton, HI. 


COPY of the diploma cf the Keystone 
Bu>inpss Collegp, Lancaster, Pa., and a 
variety of nlain and onuameutal writ- 
ing, as well as ornamental designs, all 
from the pen of C. M. Lesher, tbe tai- 
enied ptnmauof the institutioo, ba^e 
been received. The work covers a wide 
range and stamps Mr. Lesher as one of 
our best all round penmen. 

— Ttvo beautifully written letters. 

one in dashy professional style and tbe 

other in plain vertical b.ind. have been 

received from L. M. Eelchner. Both 

ipt in the liues of work ihey represent, 

e to contirm our good opinion of Mr. Kelchner as 

■ipt artist. 

— From J. H. Ennis, Newport, Ore., we have received 
ipiite a package of excellent business writing and several 

— J. K. Ketchum, Aurora, III., submits an end piece 
well drawn. 

— Joseph P. Gross. 204 East lC4th street, New York, 
sends several handsome monograms. 

— Some cleverly drawn ioitials come from F. L. Ellett, 
the new penman of Springfleld, Mo., B. C. 

— L W. Hammond, Batnvia, N. Y., does some bfauti- 
ful work in knife carving, judging by the speciaiens re- 
cently submitted to us. 

— W. J. Elliott, associate proprietor of Central Business 
College, Toronto, Ont., combines grace, accuracy and dash 
iu his writing. Several letters in the professional style 
lead us to this conclusion. 

— L. J. Egelstou, penman of the Perry Busioefs College, 
Ilutland, Vt., desires to exchange specimens of writing 
with JouRNAT. readers. 

— W. S. Chamberlain, of Eaton & BnrnettB C. Balti- 
more, Md., favors us with a handsomely written profos-^ioual 

letter. C. (J Price,of Sullivan &Crichton B.C., Atlanta, 

Ga.. ssnds an accurately written leiter in professional 
style. F. W. Tarablyn, Sedalia, Mo , puts some grace- 
ful strokes <) tu Madarosz in the form of a professional let- 
ter. E. L (Tlick, Caton's B. C, Cleveland, O,. sends a 

letter in a dashy, accurate hand. Among the other 

handsomely written It-tters in professional style received 
this month' were those from W.M.Wagner, WashiOKion. 

D. C, W. H. Hensev, Farmington. III,. H. C. Clark, Phila- 
delphia. Pa., E. F. Timberraan, Decorah, la.. J. L. Hay- 
wai-d, Vinton, la.. O. A. B. Sparboe. Marshall, Mich., 

E. L. McCaia, Clean, N. Y., A. J. Cherrvhomes, Chico, 

— In the line of business letter writing during the month 
we have selected the following : C. A. Stewart, Archibald 
B. C , Minneapolis, Minn.;G. C. Raynor. Brooklyn. N. Y.; 

.T. A. Elstoo. CantOD, Mo ; f. H. Lipskv. Boston, Ma»!. ; W. 
I. Staley. Salem, Ore.; W. J. Musser, Washmgton, Pa. 

— Among the samples of cards received during the month 
we find some hand-;omeIy written ones from A. B Cush- 
man. Chicago. Ill ; Wesley B. Snyder. Lancaster. Pa., 
sends s>me in the style imitating engraving ; C. C. Lister, 
Cleveland. O., does some graceful card writing when he 
tabes a notion. 

— A haurlsom*' flourish is that submitted by P. T. Ben- 
ton, Green Bay. Wis., B. C.,and E. L. McCain. Glean, N. 
Y""., drops ia a few strokes that surrouad a graceful bird. 

— J. C. Olson, penman of Chamberlain's Bus. Academy, 
Lincoln, Neb., is coming to the front. He sends some 
good business and professional wj-itiug. 

— L, L. Tucker, penman N. J. Bus. Coll., Newark, 
N. . J, favors us with a tasty bit of lettering on heavy 

— A large package of samples from A. D. Deibert, 
Catasauqua, Pa., embracing business and professiiraal 
writing, lettering and drawing, show that he is a versa- 
tile penman. 

— A neat flourish has been received from J. W. Joues, 
Mt. Auburn, Iowa. 

Studr»t»* Spertn 


:>me dashy off-hand capitals and siguatu 
W. W. Merriman. Bowling Green, Ky. 

—An oddity in the way of an elaborately shaded script 
desigu lias been sent us by J. H. Schoonover of the Deni- 
son, Iowa, Normal College. Mr. Schoonover writes an 
excellent hand. 

C. H. Jenkin.**, Portland. Maine, favora us with a pack- 
age of business and ornamental writing that shows he is 
master of a good style. 

— H. A, Van Dyck. 22.5 East Thii-ty-ninth street, New 
York, sends some business and ornamental wiitiug show- 
ing dash and a good conception of fonn. 

— Business and professional writing from the pen of H. 
H. Bertheizel, Buckerville, Pa., lately received, is ex- 

— H. E. Thompson, penman of the Central Nonnal Col- 
legia', (irt^at B"iid, Kans., sends us some signature work 
that is splendid. 

— D. C. Coutts, pupil of A. McLachlan, Chatham, Ont., 
B. C, writes a hand that would do credit to a profes- 
sional. No doubt he will yet be found in the professional 

—Cards have been received from the following persons : 
H. C. Clark,. Philadelphia, Pa.; W. U. Bums, E. F. Quin- 
tal, Peoria, 111.; D. M. Keefer, Meridian. Miss; H. P. Gil- 
man. Redington, Nebraska. 

— J. F. Barnes of the Lafayette, Ind., B. C. has some 
good rapid business writers in his classes. Many of the 
following, who are among the best, are but flfteeii or six- 
teen years old : Adelaide Murphy. A. (>. Ellis. A. L Yundt, 
W. F. Keefe, G. A Washburn,' Giis. Sohilly, Andrew J. 
Shick. E. Martin, Jno. Wheeler, (ieo. A. Bohlinger and 
Maggie Wa.sson. 

— C. M. Nevitt. .T. E. Gardiner and B. J. Lancaster, stu- 
dents of D. S. Hill of CVcilian. Ky.. B. Care excellent 
writers. The samples sent include buMuess and orna- 
mental writing. Mr. Hill favors us with some dn.shy pro- 
f»'ssional work from his own pen. He states that he owes 
his success in teachmg and as a writer to the instructions 
received from The Journal. 

— C. A. Braniger, penman of the Wheeling, W. Va., B. 
C, mails us a package of samples of business writing turned 
out by his students. It is good, rapid, plain business writ- 
ing. The best writers in the lot, we think, are L. Henry, 
Bertha Kirchner. L. E McKee, E. L. Pasco, Harry J 
Miller and W. D. Messerly. 

— Michigan is represented by tbe students of T. T. Wil- 
san of the International B C, Saginaw. S])eed and move- 
ment are showa in every stroke ia the specimens before u-*, 
end the form is good, too. In fact, it's good writing. 
Among tbe best writers are Geo. E. Townsend, M. Berry, 
Hugh C. Smith, Pearl Barney, Fannie Ide. Cornelia De- 
nt*aus. Min Daoust, A, L. Burkholz. Carrie Schlatterer, 
Josephine Stein. W. D. Shaver, Will Weedfall. 

— I. C. Shafer, of the Alamo City B. C, San Antonio, 
Tex., favors us with several sheets of business writing 
from the pens of his students. The style and form are ex- 
cellent and when a little more speed and movement are 
added it will be model writing. 

— A large number of sheets, cut fro-n the ledgers of 
*he students of W. S. Haynes, of the Aurora. III., B. C, 
have been received. The work is the every day writing of 
the students and contains, mainly, figures. The figures are 
neat and the pages show a good average throughout. 

— Bayless B. C, Dubuque, la., C. W. Ransom, penman. 
sends specimens of its students' writing. It is busiuess liko 
work— smooth and clein cut. Th« best writers, in our 
.iudgment. are Frank Eogel, Arthur Hattmau, H. P. Koepl, 
R Nullany. 

— Geo. Thomson, teacher of writing in the Acme B. C, 
Seattle. Wash., writes a beautiful business hand, and liis 
students are following the good example he sets for thom. 
So uniformly excellent is the writing m the spGcimcns be- 
fore us that we don't dare particularize. 

—A, H. Adams, a pupil of Frank T. Weaver, Wilber- 
force, O., sends three freehand pen sketches that are cred- 
itable for one who has received no instruction in this line 
of work. ' 





h.- i,njulu:itr,l tr 

th,- lu 


I'liukinand the foci- 
\*'(l to Kansas when 
tlu-u until he was IS 
lu-serv — a farm. In 
ial department of 
and the following 
the peiunanship de- 

<-h.H>l i 


riuvfiNity. BaUl . __ 

ras iimilt' jissistjmt teachi . ^ 

lilt. Subsrqiuntly he had entire' charge oY the 
uiship ami sliorthantl departmeuti*. and mniwl the 
s in !i ivt^ailiu- lolh-ge course until ISSli. when he 
!i.s t,-arlKT to tho Lawivnce, Kan.. Bus. Coll. After 
I'aiN lu'iv he engageil to teach in Amistrong's Bus. 
1. Dre.. and he spent two yeai-s in this 
nous denartmeuts. In isim he became con- 
he Omaha Com'l College as penman, and 

principjil of the Business Practice dei/t, and this pla 
still holds. 

Mr. Lampman can be said to be im all-around business 
college man— having a gixnl geueml education, besides 
benig a teacher of penmanship, shorthand, bookkeeping. 
Enghsh. etc.. with a foudnes^ for (and much skill inl mtuoc 
and iwniting. It is as a penman, though, that we kuow 
nuwt about Mi*. L. He turns ont all kinds of peuwork. 
accurate, graceful and dasby writing 
> superb. 

Ml-. Lampman's home life is most happy. He is married 
aud has two children— a boy and a girl. In a recent letter 
he says : "lam thorougbly interested in my profession, 
and have great faith in business colleges ; Tbelieve that 
they offer a field worthy a man's best efforts." 

Illinois has produced some great men — and some great 
penmen. A. D. Taylor is proud to hail from this State. 
His first writing lessons were taken from H. H. Miller, a 
traveling \vriting teacher. He won the prize (a year's sub- 
scription to The Journal) for the greatest improvement, 
and his ambition to become a great penman dates from the 
time he received the first copv. In 1888 he took a com- 
mercial coui-se at Elliott's Bus. Coll., Burlington, la., and 
took some penmanship lessons from I. W. Piei-son. In 1885 
he studied with Worthington & Palmer in Chicago for 
several months, and in August of that year was engaged 
as penman by the Bryant & Stratton Bus. Coll. of Chicago 
After spending a year with this school he came to New 
York. In 1887 he was engaged as penman by D. B. 
VVilbams of the Los Angeles, Cal.. Bus. Coll.. and re- 
mained there two years. He returned to Burlington and 
worked for Mr. Elliott for three vears. During 18!I2 he 
was employed filling out names m invitations for the 
World's Columbian Commission. He was next emploved 
with the Chicago Guaranty Fund Life Society as polio* 
writer. Ver\- recently he has been secured' by J. F. 

Smith, principal of the Galveston, Tex,, Bus. Uni., as pen- 
man of that institution. 

Mr. Taylor's specialty is script, and in this line he does 
most accurate, graceful, delicate work. We have some of 
his work that for delicacy of touch we have never seen ex- 
celled. Lessons by mail and specimen making occupy 
muc;h of Mr. Taylor's time. 

Waynesville, HI., wa.s the birthplace of A. B. Cushman, 
and the year was 18(1.5. In lS77he removed to Kansas, and 
spent his time working on a farm, aud att^ending public 
schools for several yeare. Gaskell's Compendium and 
some travebng teachers of writing started him on the 
chirographic roa<l, and be next took a course in the Law- 
renc-e, Kan., Bus. Coll. About this time a copy of The 
JorRNALfell into his hands and inspired him to become a 
penman. From the penmen's papers he says he has de- 
rived most of his skill. Next we find him a student in the 
penmanship department of the Gem City Bus. Coll., 
Quincy, HI., imbibing inspiration and poetical penmauship 
from our old friend. PMelding Schofield. Mr. Cushman 
spent two years at bookkeeping, and in 188!) became in- 
terested in the automatic pen, and fi'om that time he has 
talked while awake and dreamt while asleep of the auto- 
matic pen and automatic penmansbip. He not only writes 
but talks automatically. He visited Prof. E. E. Bellamy 
of Norwalk, O., an automatic artist, and took a short 


r^cn/tioM dTUitOycttt/uiLy 


course of instruction from him ; and he also visited J. 
\V. Stoakes. the patentee and manufacturer of the auto- 
matic pen. and in this way obtained many pointers. He 
has studied and worked on automatic penmanship until he 
has acquired wonderful skill. His whole time is given to 
this class of penwork, and a.s a result he has built up a big 
mail order busme.*** in busine.'« and professional \mting. 
Jlr. C. does splendid work. Mr. Cushman is married and 
has a son four years old, whom he has framed to respond 
to the letter-carrier's whistle and open the mail— all antc- 

c. w. JONES. 

C. W. Jones claims Batesville in the Buckeye State as 
his birthplace. Nineteen years of his life were spent on 
his father's farm. An old file of The Jocrxal tallmg into 
his posses.'<iou about 16 years ago imbued him with the idea 
of becoming a penman. Gaskell's Compendium caught 
hus eve, and we next find him as a student in Michael's 
School of Penmanship. He entered this institution Nov. 
1, 18W2, and graduated " with highest honors " on Dec. W, 
1HS2 — IB days. One year was spent in itinerant teaching, 
and one year each with the Somerton, O., Nor. School and 
the New Concord, O., Bus. Coll., as penman. The follow- 
ing year he spent in itinerant teaching in the West, and 
then put in eighteen months as penman of the Southwest- 
cm Bus. Coll., Wichita, Kan. Itinerant teaching and 
card-writing filled in another year. For several years he 
was bookkeeper in wholesale dry goods store, insm-ance 
office and U. S. Pension Office. At present he is penman 
of the Martin Bus. Coll., Brockton, Mass., and is a very en- 
thusiastic teacher. He makes a specialt.v of mail order 
penmanship, and is givitlg satisfaction in this line. 

America's " smartest " seaside resort, Newport, E. I., 
wa» the birthplace of F. M. Sisson— and there he still re- 
sides. His education was received in the local public 
schools. Prof. H. Champlin, now supervisor of writing in 
Cincinnati, was his teacher in penmanship, Mr. Sisson re- 
ceiving fii-Ht prize for gl'eatest improvement in one of Mr. 
Champlin's large classes. Later he assisted Mr. Champlin 
in teaching. At present, and for the past seven years, he 
has been emploved as bookkeeper in a large mercantile 
establishment, lie conducts his penmanship classes in the 
evenings, and has private pupils in both penmanship and 
bookkeeping. Asa side issue ne has a mail order penman- 
ship busines,s and is doing well in this work. 



No. 5. 


.1 I',;,' I'nrliny Words About Small Leilcrs. 

OW since we have begun the prac- 
tice of capitals, do not neglect the 
small letters. Keep in mind the 
fact that they are of chief im- 
portance, and that yonr success as 
a penman will be more sure and 
permanent if you write the small 
letters uniformly well than if you dash off breezy 
capitals at the e.^jpense of the small forms. Ease of 
execution will do more toward making your forms 
graceful than anything else, save an accurate knowl- 
edge of form ; but the two together— form and move- 
ment — are the main requirements. If you have 
them you are fortunate, but if you have them to get 
you need not despair. You will find that there is 
more pleasure in pursuit than in possession, though 
there may be more satisfaction in baring them than 
in having them to get. 

l'iilintii,riilr.i /or Capital Hraetlcr. 

The preliminary exercises and principles at the 
top of each plate should be mastered before begin- 
ning the letters. See that your shades are com- 
paratively short, sUek and fat, and your ovals full, 
free and graceful. To secure these essentials you 
must let the arm revolve freely on the muscle within 
the sleeve at the elbow, using a pretty brisk and 
forceful, yet delicate action. The power should 
come cliietiy from the shoulder. The muscle in 
front of the elbow must serve as the main sender of 
motion and of control. This rest may be near the 
edge of the table. In fact, the elbow may be off 
the edge of the table, but the whole weight of the 
arm should rest. The arm may be placed further 
on the table for small letters. 

Do not fail to keep the position recommended, 
that of having the forearm at right angles with the 
connective elant. Shift the elbow to the right often 
or the paper to the left. For capitals, the arm may 
be held more nearly at right angles to the line on 
which you write. As will be seen, the heaviest part, 
the shades in the forms on the first plate, are about 
half the height, while those of the second plate are 
near the line. The tendency is to curve the down- 
ward strokes in these reverse ovals too much. When 
yon find it diSicnU to determine the exact curvature 
of a stroke, turn to lesson one and study the first 

plate. For it is as necessary that you study form 
and s€cnre accuracy in capitals as well as in small 

.Hi/Hti^m, Sl/mmeti'if and ttmpUeity for Capitals. 

The tendency of young students is to care more for 
indiscriminate flourishing than for system, symmetry 
and simplicity. The day for flourish burdened capi- 
tals and cramped small letters is past — they were 
the allies of whole arm and finger movements. To- 
day, the handwriting that pleases most must be 
written with a uniformly free, graceful and con- 
trollable movement, alike on capitals and small let- 
ters. In fact, the movement which is employed in 
small letters ought to be employed to systematize the 
capitals, and the motion employed in capitals should 
be utilized to give freedom, grace and strength to 

Criticism Column; 

R. R. S.. O. — Your work is first-rate. If vou will eradi- 
cate a few angles it will be still better, "f he rolling mo- 
tion of which you speak is the cause of so many angles. 
To overcome this rolling action see that the little fliiger 
slides more freely to the right in the connective strokes 
and that the arm acts more a* a hinge at the elbow. 

W. E. P., Mass. — As business writing vour practice is 
good, save that it is a little slow, but lus artistic it is not 
worth much. Your strokes and touch are too heav.v, and 
you do not raise the pen often enough. If you want to 
learn to write an artistic style you must "study light, 
shade, curvature and delicacy, 

A. H., Jr., N. J. — Your movements are yet too uncer- 
tain, weak and spasmodic. Di-ill upon exercises with a 
firm, uniform, steady movement. In coming to the line, 
don't check the motion so abruptly, as that causes an angle 
where there should be a turn. You have the a'bility to 
become an artist at penmanship. 

J. S. M., O.— The hump on your ^ is too rounding, and 




^ ^^^^?^^M^' 

'^^xL^ (:p\f^y\\ d^'^^^^^ 


the small letters. Therefore, do not divorce the 
movements too completely. 

Hotv tf) .IFrik'j Orrtts (iiid Shatlvs. 

The direct oval forms should be made with a full, 
forceful action from the start. The shade should be 
produced with a firm but not spasmodic action. 
The fingers must not act, bat grip and hold the pen 
more firmly than at other times (though this will be 
somewhat unconscious). The reverse oval forms are 
finished with a little more of a snap-like action on 
account of the shortness aod fullness of the shade. 
This shade should begin at half the height. And 
right here let me add that shading requires a double 
action. Not only must the pen be driven about a 
central point to produce the full, graceful oval, but 
it must be forced up and down (the points forced 
apan and then allowed to return to their normal 
position) as well, and at the same time. This re- 
quires what is generally termed an "elastic " action. 
It is this flexible and elastic action that produces the 
short, full, smooth and sparkling shade which dis- 
tinguishes professional wriiing from amateur efforts. 
Another very general tendency is to curve the up 
strokes too much and to make them too sluggishly 
and lightly. That is, the tendency is to use a move- 
ment which lacks force : a movement not direct from 
the elbow. To overcome this, it is well to see that 
the little finger slips freely with each up stroke and 
that the motion comes direct from the elbow, the 
forearm serving aa a radius. 

many of the turns on short letters are the same. Down 
strokes are not uniform in slant. Your Ts are fine, indeed. 
Your work looks a little too dehcate. It looks as though 
vou were conscious of exposing it to my critical eyes. 
Develop more confidence. 

D. B. W., 111. — Your work is too rapid. Not thought- 
ful enough. Your practice is such as would be required 
for business, not artistic writing. You need to put in an 
extra amount of time in strengthening and slowing-up 
your movements. Think of each stroke as you make it. 
This will prevent too much haste. 

P. H. H., lU.— The crossings iu voiu- 2'« are too low, 
caused by not forming the proper shoulder to the loop l)e- 
fore starting down. Yonr/'s are not free enough ana the 
shade is too low. Cultivate more freedom of movement. 

W. B. C. Tenn.— Study your z's closely. Your word 
practice is not free enough. Don't check your freedom 
when pi-acticing words. Otherwise yom- work is O. K. 

Summer is Seed-time. 

We have just got fi-om the press a new catalogue of 
diplomas, etc., for business and sUorthau'l schnnis Tin* 
attention of schools that use high-grade adv^ rfi-ini: litin- 
ture is called to_om' beautifully illuptratrfi lii-K [.imt 
school joximals for printing in two colorw. < 'ih -•-u. - aiili 
small page, one with large. Each series U) \n: hud m ciilier 
four or eight page form. If you need a letter-heading, we 
have a .Aecia] catalogue devoted |to that (a«k forU A). 
We can sell you the cut or print your stationery to order. 
Our two cut catalogues should help you to find appropriate 
designs for newspaper and circular advertising. Anything 
you want in the line of designing and engraving. Half- 
tones from $1.50. By the way. isn't it time to get away 
from that old catalogue-cover style that schools have been 
using for a generation, and adopt something in touch with 
modem art ideas ■* We have a great many things on hand 
that schools use. We can do a sreat many things that 
schools want done. Write to us if vou need us. Ames & 
Rollinson Company, 2(K3 Broadway, Vew York. 



Pen-Holding as Taught and 


The subject indicated by the above 
caption uaturally divides itself into two 
general divisions ; First, pen-holding as 
tanglit in both public and private schools ; 
second, the manner of holding the pen 
as practiced by students, penmanship 
teachers, and all persons who find it nec- 
essary to use a pen. 

All teachers will certainly agree that, 
in order to execute penmanship with ink, 
a pen and holder must be grasped or held 
in some manner ; whether with the right 
or left hand, between the teeth or with 
the toes. We often meet individuals 
who are able to e.'cecute very good script 
forms by liolding the pen with the left 
hand, and some per.sons are able to do so 
by holding it with either the right or the 
left hand. 

Shall those who grasp the penholder 
with the left hand be taught the same 
position as those who hold it with the 
right V Shall tlie young lady whose hands 
are delicate and slender be taught to hold 
the pen in the same position as her sister 
wliose hands are short and thick ? Shall 
the young man whose liand is light and 
ela.stic be taught the same position as his 
brother whose hand is large and heavy ? 
or shall he be taught to hold the pen in 
the same position as the young lady 
whose hands are delicate and slender, or 
do we teach all members of our class to 
hold the pen in exactly the same manner ; 
Judging t'rotu my experience, both as 
a student and a.s a teacher. I believe the 
latter with possibly a very tew exceptions 
to be true. Am I right or am I wrong y 

I quote the following from Mr. E. M. 
Cavins' article in the November num- 
ber of the H'cjifeni Penman : 

As to wh«t is a good position and a proper 

r of hoWing the peu authorities usually 

«, and since every loader of The ftiiman 

urely acquainted with these (acts, your 

ft»cenino-Fficr 9F-r/fiil 9f Tm^H. 

patience and perseverance may be relied upou 
to make good position and peu-holding. 

That authorities in the past have agreed 
In this particular is self-evident, when 
we remember that Father Spencer tells 
us, " The hand glides on the nails of the 
third and fourth fingers ; " also that all 
books of instruction on the subject of 
penmanship which have been published 
siuce he has passed away teach us mate- 
rially the same thing. 

The greater number of teachers of to- 
day in giving lessons in the columns of 
our penmanship journals incorporate a 
sentence in their instructions something 
like this : •■ Double the last two fingers 
under the hand until the tips of the nails 
rest on the puper." The phrase, " until 
the tips of the nails rest on the paper," is 
very pleasaat to the ear, and this position 
reproduced either from photograph or 
pen and ink sketch is most pleasing to the 
eye. Whatever the position may be, all 
must agree that the pen should be held in 
such manner as to produce the best possi- 
ble results with the least expenditure of 
muscular effort, and that this position 
should be taught. Carlyle tells us that 
habit is the greatest force in nature. It 
is true that early acquired habits in pen- 
holding assert themselves in after vears. 
Hence, it naturally follows that the stu- 
dent should be taught the position which 
is the easiest, most natural, and the best 
suited for his individual hand : and not 
necessarily the very same position which 
Is used by his teacher, whose hands are 
dilTerently shaped, and whose habit of 
position is long since established, be it 
natural or acquired. 

ttadieat Difference, of Hand Structure. 

The physique of different individuals Is 
by nature peculiar to themselves. Our 

movements, gestures, attitu3ewhile walk- 
ing, running, standing or sitting, and 
our general make - up, even to the 
pulsations of the heart, all differ 
from those of every other person. Since 
the hands of all persons are not of the 
same structure, is it not reasonable that 
each should be taught to acquire the habit 
of holding the pen in the position which 
is the most natural one for them to use 7 
For illustration, let us suppose that we 
have but two students. A and B. in our 
penmanship class. The last two fingers on 
Mr. A's right hand are six inches in 
length and those on Mr. B's hand are but 
two inches. Now, shall we s&y '• Atten- 
tion, class: double the last two fingers un- 
der the liand until the tips of the nails 
rtst on the paper," or shall we endeavor 
to instruct each one to hold the pen in 
such a position as to enable him to write 
with the least expenditure of effort and 
yet produce the best results, whether this 
be with the hand resting on the tips of 
the nails or the first or second knuckle 
Joints? If all shall be instructed to rest 
the hand on the tips of the nails, then 
Mr. A in the illustration must either 
grasp the holder five inches from the point 
of the pen or write with his peu four 
inches from the paper. As ridiculous as- 
this may seem, it is the principle which 
we advocate and the disadvantage under 
which m'any of the members of our class 
labor when we instruct all to rest the 
hand on the tips of the nails. Many 
students' fingers are of such length and 
the structure of the hand such as to ren- 
der this position not only unnatural, but 
difficult to acquire, and radically wrong 
when acquired. 

For the purpose of illustrating the fact 
that, as a rule, the same position is taught 
to all pupils regardless of the size or 
shape of hand. I quote from a lesson on 
pen-holding in a recent number of a 
leading penmanship journal : 

The Influence of the thumb upon hand positions can 
tiardlv be overestimated. It lends the same support to 
the tinkers Ihat the bevstone does to the arch, the 
end of the thumb should strike the holder s<iuarely 
at such an angle that It will point directly ihrouiih 
the center of ihe toreflnKer at the llrst Joint, and with 
both Its Joints bent outward. The lower the wrist 
falls thestronger the position, and the less the Uabll- 
Itv to press down at point of pen. The wrist shon <1 
neeer touch. The same position should be renulred 
In aU grades. 

We may all agree that the influence of 
the thumb upon hand position is para- 
mount, but to make the sweeping asser- 
tion that the thumb should strike the 
holder squarely, and at such an angle that 
It will point directly through the center 
of the forefinger at the first joint, is cer- 
tainly erroneous when applied to all indi- 
viduals. Suppose the thumb to be four 
inches in length. Would it then assume 
this position with ease ? The thumbs of 
some persons are proportionately longer 
than those of other individuals ; and 
while perhaps this position may be correct 
for many, it is certainly incorrect for 

If the wrists of different individuals as- 
sume different positions as regards the 
nearness to the desk, why will not the 
little girl whose wrist is round and ex- 
ceedingly fleshy naturally antl with pro- 
priety touch the paper with her wrist as 
she glides the hand across the sheet ? If 
all students' hands were of the same size 
and shape ; if the fingers and thumb of 
each one were of the same length and 
thickness as the corresponding members 
on the bands on each and every other 
student ; if the closed hands of all indi- 
viduals naturally assumed the same posi- 
tions : if all arms were of the same 
length and all corresponding muscles 
were of the same size and tenor : then we 
should certainly be an ardent advocate of 
this iron-clad position for all. But since 
no two hands are of the same structure, 
we believe it would be nearer the truth 
to say that no two students should hold 
the pen in the same manner, than it is to 
Instnict all to hold it with one and the 
■tame position. The hand position which 
is naturally and scientifically correct for 
one person may be equally as incorrect 
for all others ; and that position tor pen- 
holding which is the best to teach one 
member of the class may be the position 
which all other members should be in- 
structed not to acquire. 

I am led to believe that if all teachers 
would study the subject of pen holding 
with reference to each member of the 
olass. instead of considering it from gen- 
eral principles, the methods of instruc- 
tion would soon be materially changed. 

I have in my class three students who 
hold the pen in such manner that the 
wrist glides on the paper and the hand 
rests on the knuckle joints of the 
third and fourth fingers. Shall I in- 
struct them to elevate the wrist and 
rest the hand on the tips of the nails, or 
•hall they be instructed to continue to 
nse that position which is the most nat- 
ural for them and the best suitetl for their 

Teaching and Doina. 

It is a noticeable fact that the position 
of pen-holding nsed by many teachers of 
penmanship differs materially from that 
which they teach. I have in mind a 
leading teacher of penmanship, under 
whose tuition I was once placed, who 
taught the recognized position to all his 
students, while he used a different hand 
position in all private work. Another 
teacher of national reputation once in- 
structed me to rectify the error into which 
he said I had fallen of resting my hand 
on the knuckle joint of the fourth finger 
and the face of the nail of the third. 
Within two minutes from that time I no- 
ticed him using the position which he 
had instructed me to avoid. 

I have been guilty of instructing stu- 
dents to use positions which I did not and 
could not use, and I have also instructed 
many to avoid the habits and practices of 
pen-holding which I cherished. I fear 
that there are many teachers who have 
been and are yet teaching hand positions 
which are as different from those they 
use as Jerome's "just for five minutes" 
is from the actual time that elapses be- 
tween being awakened in the morning 
and when he gets up willingly. Why is 
it that the average business college stu- 
dent changes his position of pen-holding 
and style of penmanship so soon after 
leaving school ? What is the reason that 
many of our students who do the best 
work in the class execute very poor pen- 
manship when working in their books? 
What explanation can we offer to the 
fact that traveling men, bookkeepers, and 
office men in general are better writers 
than the average penman is when placed 
in a similar position, and under any and 
all circumstances ? To prove that this is 
true, I refer you to the hotel register in 
which you recently wrote your name. 

I believe that the reason so many of 
our students change the style of their 
penmanship after entering upon the 
active duties of life is due to the fact that 
they have been taught hand positions 
which were unnatural for them and not 
adapted to the structure of their hand. 
As a natural sequence, they drift from 
the " class-position " as soon as they leave 
the school room and are from under the 
guidance of the teacher. 

In conclusion, I believe it to be folly to 
teach the same hand positions to all stu- 
dents. I do not wish to be understood, 
however, to hold the view that no two 
students should be taught the same po- 
sition, or that no two intiividuals hold the 
pen in the same manner ; but it does seem 
to me that a thorough study of the subject 
is suflicient to prove conclusively that 
the hand position which is best suited to 
one person cannot be successfully adopted 
by all others. I also believe that a care- 
ful observation of the practices of others 
and a study of the position which we 
ourselves use, will demonstrate the fact 
that the majority of penmen, as well as 
students and all persons who use the pen- 
holder, do not adhere to the positions of 
pen-holding which are generally recog- 
nized as correct and applicable to all. 

Vertical Spelling. 

Judbing from thousands of letters and 
articles examined that came from public 
and private schools, principals, teachers, 
and pupils, and business and professional 
men, we are led to believe that upright 
spelling is needed aa much or more than 
upright writing. Our brethren of the 
literary schools mustn't think that they 
are not included in the above, for they 
are. Writing teachers should be very 
careful about spelling, because of the 
additional prominence given every letter 
by the settingitgetatrom a beautiful hand- 
writing. No good reason can be given 
why a teacher of any branch should be 
allowed to spell poorly. 

Business Collei^e 


■Largest-Oldest-' Best- 





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fif oiiiliiti-niit iioxtnn itCDuIr rr:*pectfuUy solicited 
N^•^v circiiiiii-s remh . i'"''f"? card suffices. Roch- 
ester. N. Y. (M<-iiriiin tliis paper.) 

IJusiness Ui 
versity is constantly in receipt of applications 
for more commercial tenchei'S'who are penmen 
than it can supply lieachei-s of penmanship wfll 
tijmte- Special circular sent 
ddress Roc ^' 

-Y, Rochester. N. Y 



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ilollars you'v 

points? A very 

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N<w York. J 

Make Money 

By learning how to write with a Knife. 
50c. and I will send you lessons, so that you will 
be able to write beautiful cards with a knife or 
make beautiful designs- You cnu eaTU from 
^1 to SlO a Any nt it. I am llie oriui- 
unlorot the Art of** Castronogrnphy." 
I ofTer SllKi to any person that can do work 
equal to mine and let D. T. Ames be the Jud^e 
Imitatorm send 5ite. and let me show you how 
little you know of a beautiful art. A sample 
sent for 25c. In stamps. 

G. MILKMAN, Priocipat Pawtucliet Biisi 
ness College, Pawtucket, K. I. 

Regards to all my friends In the U. S. 
and Europe, who have known me 
for years as " The King of the Knife.'* 

I Besidcsengrnvinfr all kinds of script in all imag^inable styles, we deal in 

I Catalogues, Diplomas, Invitations and Programmes for 

Commencement Exercises, 
ond everything- else in the engni\inij and printing line for use in Schools and Colleges. 



WRITES RIGHT. That is the 



iiwledgcd wherever used to be the best. Bookkeepers, St<?nograpbers and others re- 
irinir im absolutely reliable pen prefer the Parker to all others We want a live agent in every 
oilhandSehooland Dusiness College in the country. Write us tor full particulars. Catalogue 
.luMi.pieadvertlsins matter. 

THE PARKER PEN CO., Janesville, Wis. 

TI1E.IOIRNAL now remhei. more Public School Teachers noil OrDcers WHO HAVE 
her iiapei piiblislied. 


A Teacher 
Of Shorthand, 

you, of course, want a good one. 
Perhaps you are not a shorthand 
writer yourself, and perhaps you 
might feel better satisfied if you had 
some e.xpert assistance in the del- 
icate matter of picking out the right 
one. Perhaps we can help you. 

The Phonographic Institute pub- 
lishes and teaches the Benn Pitman 
System of Phonography (which the 

Bureau of Education calls the Am- 
erican System of Shorthand) and it 
has a special department for the 
examination of teachers and the cer- 
tification of those who are found to 
possess a competent knowledge of 

It works therefore like this — if 
the candidate for the place you 
have to fill holds the certificate you 
inow he is all right ; if he does not 
hold it, you know he maybe all right. 
Write to us and we will send you a 
complete list of certificated teachers 
now wanting engagements. Ad- 


BENN PITMAN, President. 
JEROME B. HOWARD. Director. 




The best penholder in the world— expels 
the pen — no more soiling of fingers or an- 
noyance in removing pens. 


Price 15 cents. Sample half-dozen lo 
penmen by mail for 50 cents. Address 


806 Madison St., - - Oakland, Cal. 

Offers superior advantages to those de- 
siring to become penmen, artists, design- 
ers or illnstrators. 

All kinds of designs are made here (or 
the public, the students observing all the 
details and receiving instmction in every 
part of the work. 

Bates less than can be made by any in- 
dependent special school. Instructors the 
best that can be had. Students in good 
positions all over the West. 

Write for catalogue and samples. 


We furnish all kinds of cuts on short 
notice. Portraits, Buildings, Headings, 
Catalogue Covers and Diplomas are given 
special attention. Try our new imitation 
lithographs. All work guaranteed. 

State business when ordering samples 
or designs for approval. Address 

Designing & Engraving Co., 






■ thluK ror wrltiuK 
<.'lii>M-;. It Isn't the boat paper In tla- 
riiaik«-t— iiiKl It isn't the worst by 
•si'vfial iiott.'hfs. But the price Is 

"TlR'"i»ai^r ls'*UiVhs^"w'the 1.000 
shi-ets, size Hxlii^ or HMxll, and it 
(.■onu's ruled ur unruled, put up In 
neat iiarkayt'sof TiUi sheets (>4reum). 
It Is pleawmt to write on. takes ink 
well. Is a R*K>d t'dlor. strong— nut It 
Isn't tough enough to make a rope 
(if. We can sell this paper for 

$ 1 .30 a Ream of 1 ,000 sheets 

in quantities of five reams or more. 
'"'ir'wl-it'M../v ".', I ■ •■ iMP'-r 

(the miii hus quit 


"Every Pen Will Write." 

Send poc for one gross of the best pen on earth. 

refund the money if not satisfactory; these Pens 
first elass and should meet with a large sate.'' 

You will be highly pleased. 
'e made under my own superv 
D. T. Ames says : " Your /, 

EVERY PEN siiitnble for evrrr purpose in pe 

Card Writers! and Penmen! Business Men! 

imauahip or orilinnry i 

Clerks ! send for the 

G. MIIyKMAN, Expert Penman, 

And Principul Pawtm-ket Business College 


^S^^S^nmaru> Q^':L^a,uuiS 




inMUhwj IM.W Hii.tnt'**. shorthniirl. Peninannhlp. 
rrt-l'arabjrr . Individual In-trucll -n. 600 »t-J- 
<l<-ni« fiitiiually- Open all y*'ar. Writ* for full 
InrumialJon. E J. HEEII. Pren. 


Acliial l»u»1n(.*« from mart to DnHh. A roul^ V*-- 
[.ortcrijf :iit yt-am' rxiKTl«-n«-e trarlii-8 Shorthand. 
Iliiiiil«.rri.«t VlLyil .luart.Tr. lu Indiana. Klcjn- 
t..r .-li-iirl,- llitlit.Kn" and wlcani heat. Write for 
li.f..ri,,aflr,n " JOURNAL BL'ILDIXO." Monument 


uuf.ll* Ind KndfiriM'd t)v state ^nperlntendent of 
I'tihlle lni.lnic-tlon leadlnit erlueator* and buiil- 
iieVamen Cataloinie free. E. E. ADMIKE. I'res. 




Twentv-nlnth year. Oldest, laruesl. best, Eaft 
\l"nS\- V I-ffe BlUg.. Kaii.i5 City, Mo. Book- 
keeidntt Shorthand. Typewriting. Telegraphy. 
Fngll.h ' Ilranihes. Modem LangiingM. et<r. at 
lowe.t rale" Cotalogtie tree. Telephone 11.4. 
.1. E. sl'ALDlXti. A.M.. President. 


Cstablistiesrideo.'-^ Buelnesa collese Co. 



.Veadem V . Miorlhuud. TyiK-wrltlng and Telegraph 
hiHtltnte. Seiirl for eatalogiie. San Antonio. 

IHasbviUe, ^enn. 


I,c,{iK iiti-l s<lif,ol of Penmanship. Shorthand. 
TUMMTIIIOK. TdHBrnphv. ele. students reoelved 
tr..iii /ill parts of the world. Send tor IZUpaBo 



LKOR. Seho,.! of shorthand and Teh'grnphy. 
Atlanta. Oa. I.eadlnK college South, tour pen. 
men. Catalogue free. 



MoiH'. siicclol I'eunianshlji Deuai 

(if U. K. WEHUER. H. B. WORCESTER, Pres. 


.■l-if. I'lir ;iU yo/iTd tlie InrtcPHl iirivatp scliool « 
.if I tlli■;l^;n. I2,inw fomipr jiupils uow prosper 

Book k ft 
■ TyiM'wr 




and Lllcrarj' Institute. New Orleans, La. 

IRortb CaroUna. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL., Charlotte, N. C. 


• tVlLUVU B. SUlTll, 

Catalogue free. 

, Loxloatan. Kr. 

TRIlest Wlrflinla. 



whei'lliig, \v. Va. .1. M. FKASHER. Prln. 



A. D. WILT. President. Loug established. Thor- 
ough and inexpensive. 

eomin.T.-hil l,„,.luT«, and for expert accountants. 
F, M, t-HOlUlLL. Manager. Columbus. Ohio. 

We luke (Ills opportunKv 

ot tlieAuT-IouHNAl., expt'ptinmo enter a uumiiess 
rolU'Ke. that before aitetiilliiK any sehool. a eare 
ftil examination ahould be made of the above cut- 
?rnlnit this old and 
be obtained by ad- 


omfjlued Co 

.. MAUOKt-r. 

12 y 




HORTHAND. Wlscon-dn-s leading 

,lnln({ !»chool. lesues catajomie free 

■\x\ tralnlnK !»cht"* 
J.N. McCDN; 

lRboC»e HslanO. 

a Bay. 

, Pa wiucket. Rhode 

handsomest, best equipped and 
HURlness College lu the state. Course oi 
Bookkeeping. Banking. Cpminerce, Mailj 

•• anshlp. Elocution. Short 

send for beautl/ul eata 



Sclentlflc, Nornial. Penmanship, Business and 

" - leailtUK pronresslve school" 

Bii " ■ ■ "'"" 


of America. W. N. FERRIS, Big Rapids. Mich. 


SAVE YOUR MONEY by ordering your Auto- 
matic Shading Pens, Shading Peu Inks and Sup 
piles of the " Automatic Mau." C. A. FAUST, 45 E, 
RandoVpli St.. Chlcapn, HI. 
, S. MISER. Writing >ui 


F. M. SISSON, I'. 

FREE. For three < 

, N> s 1 rt, R. I. Your 
, ., i.t.aiiiiful9niiveidr. all 

uf Shading Pen Artists, 

VwliTii Ave. Circulars for 
I ircular for 4c, ; Autoniatic 
MK.: 1 Auto. Pen, 1 I3ottlt 
labet, 45c. A'oposfaicarda 


■orld. Manufactured by A. B. Cushman. Chicago. 
!l lirlfiX, Wi'-^tern Ave, For sale l)>' b«H>tselkTS 

,,",1 ^t.M-. .■.■»- "11 .*vMr the C. S, and Canada- Sheet 

I ~ , , - etc.. for 2c. stamp, nonr 

*.<^ dealer*. 

s. B. I KHM smcK. Mcpherson college. 

C. R. RUNNELLS. 9630 Bell Avenue. SUtlon P, 

Chicago. Aq elegant C. E. Fledge, 14 x 1« Inches 
»lnc etching from penwork, 10c. 12 canlss any 
name. 20c. My record In S years 100.000 cards. 
A. D. TAYLOR will send you his National 

"ourae of Twenty Le-^sons In Writing for only Ten 

. TAYLOR. flfi'N, Clark SI 
R. M. JONES. Pen Artist. 

, Chlcuico. If 

Sia Mary St.. S. S. 

ssorted cards, "ih cts. ; 
■k.Cf) cts,: resolutions. 

BCrlptlOD of 

Ions eng.^w..^ — . 
mdence solicited 

lutlons engrossed from S3. 5' 

T' " ' 

pen work to order. Reso- 
— "" upwards. Corre- 



atlc Shading Pen Copy-Books In 5 Nos. Arranged 
ir home practice. Guaranteed tocontaln the most 
■curate copies of any similar work. All copl^■^^ 
ee hand actual pen work. Sample Hue of copy 
k.' Circular giving full descripnon sent to aii> 
le for 2c. L B. CUSHMAN. 1092 N. Western 
ve., Chicago. 111. 

ILMAN. Penman, Redtnfrton, Nebraska. A 
lie saniiilp of ""v "riianifutal penmanship, and 
le dozen written cards for 25 cts. All penwork 

., specialty. 1-1 ty 

T SQUARE WANTED.— I want to buy a second 

hand Day Shading on-^ =•— ><" 

length of blade, price, 

tlon of the Instrumc- 

Pesmas'8 Art Journau 

''Mant" a^0. 

In (hnm}&rii\Q 0(ItJerti.8emen(*j*itf»«d by o 

"liEuidDay Shading and Spacing T 1 

:th of blade, price, how long In uat- miu 
of the instrument. "PEN ARTIST,' 

ATEACIIER of U years experience in public 

bus.' paper. \)o<)kkeep- 
clvtcs. history, etc. ; age 
y wauled. Address "R. 

of acleutlflc ouil pen. 
v.- iiiuLclit -ii-'hl years In 

s(. >l \X, wellprepored In bookkeeping. 

I i!. loui'l law, granimar. algebra, gen I 
1 . ri wants a teaching position. Has had 
■.vperieuce ; Is well recommended ; nioder- 
Address "H. A. D.," car© Penman's ART 

AVOrV'f) MAN. 25. with college education desires 
a tViuhltii.' position. Prefers South or Middle 
luywhere in U. S. Can teach """- 
bookkeeping, arithmetic autl 1 

perleuced bookk ' ' "™"' *■' 

salary. Ready 1 

• bookkeepmg, ariLnmeiii: ami ltjiu- 
vperleuced bookkeeper -good refer- 


state n.M 1 

TF\< HKIt of 13 


' ,v '.s'.'.'ElVis' 

i* bookkcep- 

A TEACHER of eight years' experience 
merclal and other schools, two years Dc^--j>, 
... . . „* „ good ousincss college 
o a position as teacher ot 
Itbmetlc, law, poUtlcol 

plunw, delaj/s anA m\»Uikt» are avoided hu sealing 
and stamping the replies ready for mailing and 
wrUing the jinm-tU-phime in a corner, thfu inclos- 
ing such ifeated revlicn in an envelope addressed to 
T}ie Penman's Art Journal. 2ui Broadway. iVeu 
Ynrh. Postage must be sent for forwarding CaUir 
hogues. Newspapers, Pliotngraphs, <tc . 

Situations ManteJ). 

romiucrclal Teacliora wlio contem- 
plate maklus a cli^nse for next 
seliool year nlkoiild beslu to lool< 
around the field NO%V. If you H-anC 
our Bid write us at once, 

A YOUNG MAN, graduate of commercial, poo 
art and drawing courses fn nnn<\ schools and 
hasnJsoagood general cfliiciUlon. dt-slr^s a iK)sltlou as 
teacher of plain and m(ii.iii..iii.iI !■.■ ,1 

law, granii 
miliar '" 

of plain and 
■apid oaicula 


Full iutormntlon < 

dressing J. T. HENDERSON, Prin., Box 222, 

IHew Korft. 


" ' lyn. N. Y. Catali>«ues 

lllyorbyletter. HENRY 

ology. algubrt 

hams shortni , — 

text books. Address 


and Williams ft Roger 

schools, two yei 
" I good ou — 
a position B 
tritbmetlc, law, pouwciu 
novernnient. history, ge- 
•h the Ellis, Musselmao, 
sts. Age 92 : good reter- 
ress " M. H. S.,** care Pen- 

I TEACH penmanship. Eclectic shorthand, type- 
writing, bookkeeping, commercial law and com- 
mon bniiuli.-s Have had three years' experience and 

and English brHiuli 

Rogers and i Ills sya.t.,.<j. -o 

salary ; ready July 1st. Add 

rclal 'school two years. 

i ai Ithmetic, commercial law 

Understand the WUllains & 

i-i- tpen- 

H. C. SPENCER, Penman, New Yorlc Bus. CoH., 

HI K. 126th Street. New York. Exquisite Hourlsh, 
— "■ ■" capital" "" -*" " '"" ■" 

:quisite Qourlsh, 
, or all ■ 

Catalogue fntv C a i ; 1 \ , i \ > 1 n i s, j 

flS fl NATION flineilGans Wain itie Best. 

Underhill's Rapid Phonography 

«o«t 60per cenf. extra. 

this uo' 
tU o/d, 

A TEACHER of sixteen years' experience in pub- 
lic, normal and business schools, age 35; graduate 
. „ "y-- „ ,.._. ™ '--1. Columbus, Ohio, de- 

al-ess •'^w. U. A.." caiC PtNMAN'S AKT.InLRNAL. 

TEACHER of ten years' experience iii public, 
normal and commercial schools, graduate of 
aralso and Zanerlan schools, desires a imsltion as 
Ml- of penmanship commercial branches and 
Kli. Is familiar with leading texts. Ooodrefer- 
< married: moderate salary. Address w.S. W., 

has good references and will 
salary. Addres-s "CANADIAN." 

4 (MI i.rcr riMNf ir 

of Pitman shortbaii 
ommerelal b 
He Is a hard 

lerelal branc 
Is a hard woricer, 
■k for moderate 

Pexma.s's Art 

Hon to thousands. LEABN TO WHITE YOUR 
NAME. Send me jour name, written in full, and 
2.1 cents, and I will send vou one dozen or more 
ways of writing It, with li 
.1 siamp.and I will send y 

P. S.— No iwntal cards 

"SPECIALIST in penmanship, drawing ; 

A. bookkeeping, and "ail round 

,T Journal 

[Iir.R of shorthand (Munson 

. I - 1 1 1 a 1! ship, bookkeeping, etc.. < 

I. -Ires a position as teachi 

■ IS to James E. Munson 


), typewrit- 
er of these 
and others. 

- college 

KHEKof penmanship, 
I.- shorthand wlshcH asltu- 

Iresa "PRINCIPAL," care 
»MPKTKNT and experl- 

if shorthand and In 
>lnes, la., and has h 
Low salary. Addr> 

I English brancbea wishes a 
a good normal college. Seven 
le. Reeommendallons upon 

Sttuations raante^. 

, N Ai^i.-ABorsn Pfoj 

of tbe Easuian ci>nimerrlal 


xrcacbers manteb. 

; and Palmer. 

I -"Jhl PaciHcO^?oSdc'*o/san1^aS 
fiisreU-s ■ In a ktowIdk California city o( 20,(K)0 popu- 
Uufon ■ Anest climate In the world : expenses low and 
no competition within 150 miles. Pj^ff »« '"^^fht 
have other business. A chance or a lifetime to rl^ht 
)arty. Address "SUCCESS." cure Pesmas s art 


flnit-clas!* jM-nri..^ 

money In a Kood school 

[1 able 

..-UUUI. Fln= ;". " - 

d given. Address D. B. E, 

BeHt of refer- 

spcchnens. Address E. A. 
who can teoch^the 


W'^tr'uSlrVTl'^ sh'-r'niand!'' Tdd^es^s " SECU^^ 
eare Penmav's Art Journal. 

'F.n.— Teachers t _ . 

;, Inclosing stamp. 
Willamette. Manager 

Boom Hi Vauderbllt Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

Bureau. St. Louis. lOlli yet 

JBusiness ©pportunittes. 

eiiy ui .xi.iiiFu. Auiiuni enrollment, 250 ; annual i 
celpts. SR.OOO; rent. »Q40. Low price andgood tern 
Address ''o.,'' care Penman's Art Joobnal. 

BUYS a large business college. Esta 

ING LESSONS." care Penman's aht Jni unai.. 

FOR •iAl.E.— A well established Business College 
and SHORTHAND SCHOOL. Six departmente; 
FT iicrTJiiN' ami TELEGRAPHY. Located In a rich 
ttiriviiii; iliv No (.[.|n>*ifioii within one hundrfi 
mill-. SiiiliiK' aii'l Minini. r Normal already adv 

n., cash, or good paper. 
L' Penman's Art Journal. 

See Here ! 

Have you tried my new 
"Artists'" or Diamond 
Gloss Ink? If you have 
not. then you don't know what you bave missed. I 
will sell you six good sized bottles for SI. 


6s North Clark Street, - CHICAGO. ILL. 

To Write Well 



Al Professional Pen. 

For a fine elastic pen it is unex- 
celled, the penman's favorite. 

Also makers of the celebrated Falcon 
Pen No. 048. 

Out of theinso other styles writers 
cannot fail to be suited. 

Ask your stationer for them. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

36 John St., New York. 



•iUi Ilroadnnr. Nc-w Vork. 

Consulting Accountant. 

courses of study and helps for busin 
normal schools. Business practice ■ 

peDses v,*ry lov.' ; 

large R. R. I 

EIGHT 'hundred.' Sheets Good Letter 
Paper for $1.40. 

In lots of five reams (5,000 sheets) or 
I more at S1.30 a ream. 

I AMES * ROILINSON CO., 202 BroadHaj, S. Y. 


A Beautiful Stick Pin 

HK JOURNAL has had specially manu 
red from its own design a ver; 
neat stick pin. to offer as a 
to 6ubscribei-s. It is made 
silver, also in solid gold. 

The silver pin has the quill of solid 
sterling silver, and the stick pin part 
or German silver. 

The gold pin is solid, H karat, e.v- 
ccpt the stick part, which is German 
silver, gold plated 

Fw one dnUar 


We will send the Book of Flourishes in 
best cloth binding for one sub. and 50 cent* 
($1.50. the price of the book alone), or for two 
subs. (S2*. 

To Clith Suhscvibers. 

If you bave been a club subsnriher for the 

East year and think that The Journal would 
e worth a dollar to you the conaing year, we 
°""" shall be pleased to bave your renewal on that 
basis. IE you can't afford that sum, your sub- 
scription may be sent through our nearest 
agent at the clubbing rate. 

If there is no agent convenient, write us at 
once, stating the fact and inclosing CO cents 
for your renewal. We mean to have au act- 
ive, capable agent not only in every school 
but in every community. If there is one of 
this kind near you, you must know it ; if not, 
year, and f/ie SOLID BiLVEB j (/jer« should be, and it may be your oppor- 
PiN. tunity to get the paper for yourself and friends 

For one dollar and fifty cents we will \ at the reduced clubbing rate, 
sub., n«uj or renewal, and send solid 

e wiUsend The Jour- 

OOLD PIN as lyremium. 

For two doUai-8 wc will send two colics of The 
Journal (to different addresses, il desired). 
lor one year, and the solid gold pin. Or we 
will send The Journal for tu-o years and the 
solid gold pin. 

Or. for those desiring to be i>!ik ''i ■ 

_ _ „_ authorize or will we counr 

tenance interference with a present capable 



scrlptions extended and thus ii 


..f Z 

Works of instruction in Penmanship. 

AiiK'*' <;ni»l4- to Solf-Hislrimlon I 

vlien sent othcr- 

# 70 cents a Gross. 

5 y (PnstnjfoPiiid.t 

# Putman & Kinsley's Celebrated Pens. 

>o. I. Kxtrn FiiiP. PoiiI.Ip Kliistii-. for fliiP 

* <-opy-sil|tN for Self^Inntrnctloii 

Ktas (:M .\ Si); Centennial PIcinre ot 

Procrc«8(:i4 x 28) : Grant Memorial (22 .\ 28): 
Oartleld iriemorlal 0^ -v 24); Grant and 
lilncoln Eulogy (24 .\ ;J0): Iflarrlase Cer- 

tlfltateas x2l»); Family Rerord (18 .\ 22). 
Choice of the above beautiful and elaborate pen 
dosiRns (lithographed* sent as prem. for one sub. 

ell a 

by72ol the world's k-udii 

send the book i 

lilla binding as pre 

■ed above for c 



.■losing nui 
always sold at $1 a grass, 
pay ijoatage 

samplt^s or ask questions— 
and the casli. 
(luaiitltles. Addresi 


Broadway, New York. 


POPULAR Nature Study 25 C. 

HELPS By Cb»rle» B. Scoit. 

Classic Myths, 15c. VOU NEED 

Bj JluryCtherfneJiiclJ. THESE AIDS. 

Skyward and Back, lOc. ByLucyM. roijihsoi 
Address School Education Company, 

Minneapolis, .>liuu 




inbjects ofe^ecial 

the "Office Men's Record" in couvc 
SERIES No. I. Subtraction by Al 
2SCts. No. 2. Vertical Writint;. 
NUMBER No. 3. Account Books as 


For Window Siyns. Price Cards, Notit-c?. Pac 
ages. IluUctin Work, etc, has no equal. Vf 
Hiiid ink. pocket size, made entirely of metal a: 

rkin^r ink 

1 and fancy alphn- 
1 ill ^ '- 

Bis: money in this for agrents, as every mer- 
chant, express, real estate offices, etc.. want one 
or more. Just the tiling to become an ex^»ert 
marker with. Ask for terms when ordering. 
Sizes 2-16 to 6-16 width stroke. 

10 Sandusky St., Allegheny, Pa. 

SALARY Forcn.evpri 
♦■■■•"■el and to do c 

ing teacher, either 
lady, if capable to 
ponding for house of 
twenty years' standing. Salary 8SO0 to right i»er- 
son. Ad. A. P. T. Elder, Mgr. AHhland BIk.. Chicago. 

"**«• The 


FOR APRIL has a full-page 
art" that will cause some pec 
t;rln. according 1 

I sraJfe and others to 
, such things. The 

heart of Isls herself. 

orth passing notice a 

; Is a maid of the eternal Nile, with luxurious native 
'(ories of papyrus, lotus flowerB, sphinxes, asps, 
nylyphs. scaraoees, etc., that would warm the cold 
../-.,._ ._.. — . colors Is given. Some 



Opening installment of a series of admirable business 
rrff-ips iiv a writer of International reputation. This 
^niitH of Man I How Exehanves 
if • Vnliie"i8i Money; Why Com- 
aeflcial t Supply and Demand, Etc. 





It happens to be a young 

wearing variety nor 
number tour In a very 

with reprndnetio 

' half a dozen : 

tnot the bloomer- 
The article Is 
series by A. S. Osborn. 

; clever pictorial de- 

Devices ; Good Counsel to Young 


We have decided to contintu 
tnttn's Art >Tournnl which 
's in an^ j>articHl€ir. 

The Business Joursal's subscription price Is 81.00 

, In bookkeeping. The 
—Messrs. Becker, Robrbough and 

»r another month the Special Offers to readers of The 
appended. Head carefully, as we cannot tnodtfu these 

mediately how many fVnman's 
" em we make the fo" 

Xo. 1.— Send 25 c 
lege of the eight 

No.' '2.— Send 4 

Iptlon pi 

subscribers feel that the 

reel ti 

No premiums. B' 

By way of 

would be of i 

elpt of 25 cents additional If sentwlthlu 30 d 
e year's subscription, beginning with January. 


' are collecting selected lists of people who 

most likely. In y — „ „ 

t teachers or students— belonging t' 

> likely to be luteresteil In a paper like The Bf 

... j.^ npj. legg—jpeopleof your acq ■■"'" 

__ J a pap«r. They should be me 
another of the following classifications : 

A. -Men Interested in AdvertiaiuK. 

Not ordinary, perfunctory newspaper adverti 
handle this 'work with some skill and spirit. 

B.— BuHiueHs Mnuagcra. 

Live men, who keep In touch with moiicr; 
C— Pi-ogrcaeiive Bookkeepers nud Accoi 

Not the moss back variety that know It uJ 
D.— Private Secretaries. 

d should bo'classlfled by 

Irt Journat, the subscrlp- 

liri '('oiiVurrentlyr If your subscription for the Penman's Art Journal has six months 
nil '.. .-xtended three mouths ami the subscription for The Buhisess Jour.val con- 
■ i^ iiii; both expire together nine months hence. This Is a matter of considerable 

Journal subscribers, one year's subscription for Tu« Busikess Journal 

These three names and addresses must accompany orders for subscrlptic 
^^JA' ^' ^*^nSl-^®nr^madTto those who are subscribers for the i=tn™ 

, half price, provided t 

5 and addres!ies as above explained t 


202 Broadway, New York. 



Adopted EXCLUSIVELY by the Public Day Schools of 
CLEMENT C. GAINES. n.A., Pres. Edstman Bas. Coll. and N. Y. Bus. Coll., 
says in lli^' Iii'HBt [irnsppctiis nf the latter institution :— 

..^„, r .. I,,... , ,.,, I I rr Fii'iN'ioRAPHicIxsTRPCTon,' whlrh Isfully abreast of (he time. 

',,,,,, ,11,,, i KTjiiihlf literature worth t-niboJyliiK In a text-l)ook. This lathe 


i-rjUlnnnlljj^'''' • f", - ', I . i , I i.u ll„- /tt/jtre to uive thf Uaoc PUmun sijstem tUctded prf/ertiKX." 

Specimen Pages Sent Postpalil. 

TAKE LESSONS «t 'he ' ««»/■'' ''?.'.'?" A'*'r^P.l!'«t" \.w.^v,?rir' "M'!I„wr!..MPTi..,Vr.f.'^h Inlnvliliinl 


HEFFLEV'S Popular 


are the f(.r lenelier« of the DENN PITMA.N aa«l 
OKAHAM .svHteniK. To cleniniistrale their sU[ierlorltv 


1 Green* «»enue. - Brooklyn._ N. r. 



Tie I'l -1 el.L..^ hiHik i.iilih~}ie(l on tho subject. 

Siiii ,.11.1. s ;i, eeiit-, ,^encl for circular. 

A.l.ln.s C. V. CARHART, 

430 Clinton Ave., Albany, N. Y. 



(iiilcklv lenmrd ; nn >itraln of eyes, hand or borij-. 
W.irk uiilf.irni. accvinile, easy ami rellubie. Seud for 
32 page Circular. Maohltiea rented on trial, 


PrUeRedtteed lo 82.5. 3-tf SI. I.ouln. Mo. 

18th Year of Pubucatios. Circulates is Kvery State 

and teriutory. used by tioternme.vt officials 

AS THE Standard. 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contatna Clasalflcd Lists and Addresses for the entire 
U.S. of all 

1. CoUegea. Female Semlnaiies and Academies. 2. 
Normal SchoolH. 3. Business Colleges. 4. Schools of 
iL'lence. 5. Schools of Theology. 

" 'i of Medicine-Regular. ] 

H. Schools of Dentistry, 
iittcy. 10. State Superintendents. II. CountvSu 
Intendeuts. Also leading— 12, City Suiierlntende 
1.1. Principals. 14. Assistants, ett. Gathered fi 
onaclal Sources and revised to date of Issue. 

Price. S.5.00 Nel. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand flanual 

iColumbian Revision- I 6th Edition) 

llmbodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 

Price of the 16tli edition, rerise.l to date. »1.50. Proper discounts to Schools and BookseUers 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

^^~ ^'i"'e>ol proprietors tcishinn to (viuiiitittu-ate with thoroughiy efficient tcachrrs of Doy'a sy»tew are iiwireil 

BVEUY shorllinnil leitcher, writer nnJ school proprietor will be iniereated in .1. 
iele. In THE DISINKSS JOIRXAI, for Jnnuarr. FebronrF and JlnrcU Send .>? 
.tor the three i.aues. AMES * ROLLINSON Co.. Xew York. 


Awarded the Medal and Diploma at the World's Fair. 

Only a few years tjofore tiio public, it is now used by thousands of Ste- 
nographers and adopted into40O of the Leading Schools and Colleges. 
Most Popular, because it is the SIMPLEST, most LEGIBLE and RAPID. 


in their natural order as in longhand. 

th less than an hour's study. 

rith 6 lo 12 weeks' study. 

erever impartially investigated. Trial lessoo and cir- 

1. Text-book sent responsible schools for examination. 

WRITE H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, MicL. 

Vowels follow consonant; 
Sentences written by it w 
Speed for practical work 
Superseding all others w 
ularsFREE. Mail instructi( 

A Revolutionary Departure in Typewriters. 


special interest to 
Shorthand Schools ! 

Shorthand Teachers I 

Business Colleges I 

Every Student owns his own Typewriter at 
end of tuition period. 

Irrespective of Price— Tbe Best— Trial Proves It. 


A high grade standard machine of the first class. The 
)est and most c-omp'ete standard writing machine 
nade. Fc-iitlvely the best and the only perfect manl- 

: tabulator and 
liber of colore of Ink can 

single sheet. Color c 

, good quality found In i 
machines, and has many points of superiority 


TVorks find General omces. 2.3d and Arch Streets, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 


The Best— Trial Proves It. 

SCHOOLS : Write for 

1 Color Work. 

Price $1.00. 


Price $ 1 .00. 

Beats a Cake in one minute. 

The most wonderlul invention ol the period. 
No Dishes and Spoons to Ciean ! No Tired Bacic and Arms ! 

vn and explaiiii .__ . 

lion from ordinary griddle enki 

m buy our AC'MK CAKE 

SM) FOR -50 CEM 

ckly where V 

Mixes cake of any kind 

. . ler why (t 

iiake cake equal tt a 

agent WE WILL 

-well _w rapped— stamps < 

. ONE AOlBfAKE BEATER, with ret-iueH and full 
riiclionH. If you afterwards order a dozen beaters you may de- 
the 50 cents and you have your 


will return your 50 cents If you Ret us an agent who will order a 
Beaters. BettersilU, CJKT UP A CLITII of 12 i 
s iini I si-nd us $6 DO for a dozet " 
li-ui- pioflt of S7.00 for ( 

1 for a dozen Beaters, which sell for H8.0 


I evening's work. 
\- soHi 1 1 ID one nour. Another agent 16 in two hours and a 
imthtT secured a club of 12 In one evening. One man sell8$12 00 
virv day. Full particulars sent for stamp. 

















^mingtofl IJpewritcr. 


A New illustrated Catalot^ue sent on application to 


327 Broadway, New York. 



{t\l^'L,\r^tL'l slxooi a^^ . <Jh, \/<^)i, . «raTM>un.| b usiness men - 

Brass Edge Rules 


The best advertising medium is the one that lasts longest. 

Something useful is always appreciated and is not 

thrown away, and is always at work 

advertising your business. 




box. *1 I oiii-niinilcr irrOHS, 30 cenli 



GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1889, 



widesale Tor over fifty years, we make the following 
strictly professional pens, of which sBiuples will Ue 
seut as H|)ecIQe<l : 
Nos. 290.201 andORQ (CrowQuUl), at the rate of three 



HENRY HOE. SoLH AoKNT. «1 John Strett. Nc-w V 

Business Short Cuts. 

A VaXxiahU Booh for Teachers, Buohkccp- 

ers onrf Business Jlfen, lust 

from the jiress, on 


By E. S. Curtis, 
formerly pnucipftl of the Counting Room De 
partment of Rocbester Business University. 

Price 50c. Sent by mail, postpaid, to teachers 
and members of the class ot "91, '92 and '93 "R, 
B. U." upon receii)t of one-half the retail price. 


Macon, Ca. 


And graduate in time for the big rusll of bu 

will increase busine<ss very niaterially. ana tliede -- , , . „ 

and voung women will be much greater than the supply. Even at tho nresent. time we are unable 
to sunplv the demand for those who can write shortliand and keep books. Atlanta and the oouth 
~ -re an exceptionally good field for ambitious young men. 

The Atlanta Business College gives special attention to bookkeeping, shorthand, banking, tjnie- 
writing, penmanship, mathematics, commercial law and all other commercial and Enghsh branches. 

Expert work in all departments a specialty. Mercantile books examined and audited. Tele- 
phone 366. 

All graduates assisted in obtaining pleasant and profitable employment. 

The teachers are Normal trained and practical men. 

Beterences : The law Srm of Dorsey. Brewster & Howell, and the Merchants' Bank, this city. 
;^~ Send for catalogue and mention this paper. 


p. S.— The Atlanta Business College is a chartered institution, controlled by leading Atlanta 

Begins June 3il 

_ _ ttie OMAHA COMIWERt'IAL t'«L,I,E(iE of Omaha. Neb. Special three 
Penmanship, froai Business WrItlQg to tlie most elaborate professional work. This c 
is deslBneaforschooJteachers., amateur _an^^^ 

„, „„. ..Ill have oharBC. TUITION FOK THE AIKIVE, ISJ.i. 

chnlk plate euarnving also tauKht In- aa I'xpt-it. Oi-.Iits snllrlt..! 
EngroBsiuif <louc. Fine «cripl prcnari'il f..r eiiKravIni; nn.l elc.-!! ii i .■ 
order. Boaru Sli per week or for three hours wtiik fuch <la\ . Lhk'.nn --i 

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Lampmanreeelve.l EIGHT OUT OF T\\ Kl.yE FIIt>.T 

Vrltlng, Plain Peunialislilp. I 


Do you contemplate attending a Summer School 
this season ? Do you wish to prepare for the Autumn ex- 
amination ? Uo you wish to secure a belter position for 
next year ? It is unnecessary (or you to expend from S50 

S75 at a summer school to secure the above. Remain at 


al Co 

Home, and pur 

Advanced) and you will be able to 
above at a cost of only $5. Nearly 8,< 
crs have enrolled with us since 18S9 
be purchased and from one to three 

to the 

for a thii 

rses (Elementary and 
accomplish all of the 
00 students and teach- 
No new books need 
hours study, daily, is 

se Ss. Discount of S2 

ending a list of 

urse Send for our 20 page catalogue. 
When writing mention this paper. 

Ames^ Best Pens. = 

$1 a gross, 30 cents a quarter gross. 

AMES & ROLLINSON CO., 202 Broadway, New York. 

Keeps the hand in position and assists in se- 
curing a free, gliding movement. It is made of 
spring brass, nickel plated and will not wear 

irders have been filled up to March 1. Co 


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►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦J 


♦ "Business Law,"! 

♦ ♦ 

♦ A Practical Paper ♦ 


I 3 Months, 29 Cents. ^ 

♦ ♦ 

♦ Address, BUSINESS LAW, ♦ 

» ♦ 

^ lO'Jl Opera Hcnise Illilg., - tiilraua. Ml. . 

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I2g. addition made easy. I2g 

Send one (lime (sliver) and a two cent stamp for a 
quick an<l easj- methml of adillmi. 

RL-ad what £. P. Avery.HCha^c Ave.. Holyokc. Mass.. 
savM: "Received 'Addition Made Easv.' It puts the 
whole matter In a nutshfll. I had one work costing 
SI. 00 and many other.n ; yours -ihows the whole sub- 
lect on one pane. Please t^eud another copy to give to 
a friend." Address 

Box 147. 8tilem, ItlaHS. 


Is proving a UNIVERSAL SUCCESS. Mainly because it is a work far more comprehensive than 
many imagined. Instead of a mere collection of letters, it is a guide to learners and an in- 
valuable aid to professionals. Containing, as it docs, over 12,000 words of instructions in round- 
hand, lettering, and designing, is it any wonder that it is in demand? The binding, printing, 
paper, and engraving are of the finest, and the price is but $1.00. Size, 6^ x 8% inches. Cloth 
and gold stamp Eighty pages. Address, ZANERIAN ART COLLEae, Columbus, Ohio. 


I its weight in gold. 

D. E. Waltman, Glean, N. Y. 

fessional penman. 
H. \V. Flickingi 


Philadelphia, P 
ry unique style 


lettering in your book, and you are to be 
congratulated as well as complimented 
upon such creditable publication. Mr. 
Du£f also praised it very highly. 

W. J. White, Pittsburg, Pa. 


, unique, practical, and 

;e that is good. 

W. C. BosTwrcK. N. Y. 


It is without doubt the finest 
of lettering on the market 

C. H. Shattuck. Helton, K 

k in orde 
ng it do« 

C. E. Beck, Piqua, O. 

It is far ahead of anything of the kind 
yet published. 

Sam Evans. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 


le alphabets are fine i 
e — practical, 

J. M. Holmes, Br 

inerian Alphabets are jus 
'versal usage. 
L. Madarasz, Line 

ind what 
azil, Ind. 
it right an 
oln. Neb. 


erv professional and amateur pen- 
should have it. Just what I have 

Your alphabets * merit the highest 
erms of commendation. They are mod- 
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tandpoint of'execution. 

A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Finest by far that I have ever seen 
G. E. Crane, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 


f>^ tj/e/wui/v^ '2yCiC ClAruL/iaC? 


Special Announcement.— Two New Books. 


Cloth, loo pages. 

Tills lMM)k i.s desijfued to meet the requireuients of young people who are 
^ preparing for the active duties of life, and who have but a short time to 
devote to the study, of this subject. It some knowledge of the 
I)rinciples of grammar on the part of the student, hence but little space is given 
to theory, the greater part of the work beiug devoted to practice exercises. 
which are designed to test and develop the student's knowledge, and to cul- 
tivate his powers of expression. The book is not a compilation nor an ab- 
struse dissertation on language, but an original, practical and helpful work 
on English grammar. 

A coi>y of this book will be sent, post-paid, to any address on receipt of 40 
cents. Special rate to schools. Specimen pages free to teachers. 


Cloth, 200 pages. 

THIS hook prorides thorough (irill in the principles of Arithmetic. The treat- 
ment of the subject is by analysis and induction — at once the best and 
most natitral. The problems are of the most practical character, and such 
as to develop the thinking and reasoning faculties of the pupil. The author 
is a successful teacher of long experience, and the work has received the cor- 
dial endorsement of leading educators. 

Teachers who desire to obtain more rapid and accurate results in Arith- 
metic should examine this book. Specimen pages and circulars sent free to 
any teacher or school officer. 

BOOKKEEPING and BUSINESS PRACTICE —Williams & Rogers' New Complete Bookkeeping, Preliminary and Advanced Business Practice, and 
Office Drill, constitnte the most practical, teachable, sensible and interesting course in Bookkeeping and Business Practice that has ever been prepared. The 
use of tile system produces no confusion in the school room, the teacher has an absohite check upon the student, and the results are definite and satisfactory. 
This system is not nn experiment. It is not expensive. It does not require any useless machinery. It rvrns itself, hence is a great labor-saver for the teacher. 
Schools that are not satisfied with their present system of Bookkeeping would do well to investigate that published by Williams & Rogers. 

OTHER LEADING WORKS — The following works are the acknowledged standards in their respective departments : New Commercial Law, Business 
Law. Commercial Arithmetic, Business Arithmetic. Seventy Lessons in Spelling. Civil Government. Correspondence, Osgoodby's Phonetic Shorthand. Pen- 
written Copies (Reproduced). 

!4ppclnion imitpx «r llip nlioTr publirntioDn nnd illuxmiteil cnInlo([iu> nil) be sent I'rcp 
In liny tiaclicr or m-hool oOlcpr on rerripl ol leiiiirBr. 

Z-ST" If you need anything in the waj- of Blank Books, Blank Business Forms, Diplomas, School Registers, College Currency or 
School Stationery, we can supply it. If we do the quality and price will be right. Address, 

ROCHESTER, N. V. Williams & Rogers, Publishers. 


Bookkeeping at Yale. ^ore proof. 

New Havbn, Conn,, March a.— The faculty has decided 
to establish a course of bookkeeping in the Yale law school, 
And has engaged an expert accountant as inslnictor. This is 
nil entirely new feature in I.iw school instruction,— Wwcc/a/crf 
r> ,it Disfiittch. 

ngrement antl typoKraphtcal c 

N't-xt in iniporwnce to the introduction of this 
^iibjccl, .tntl the choice of an inslniclor, is the selcc- 
lion of a tcxt'i'ook. ll is exceedingly gr.itifying to 
the piiblishei-s, ,ind is considered a high compliment, 
lliiit so promiQent a school, after an examination 
nf llic le.iding Icxt-hooks, sliould decide upon 
Complete Practical Bookkeeping as the text- 
l« lor lliis new deparlmcnl at \^U. The follow- 
itig letter, atcompaiiying the first order for books, is 
from the professional accountant who was selected to 
lake charge of the department, and explains itself: 
New Haves, Con.\,, March 23, 1895, 

llU I'KAtTlCAL TE,'iT-B0OK CO , 

Cleveland, Ohio, 
Dtiv Sirs : — You may judge of my opinion of 
your Complete I^racdcal Bookkeeping, when I say 
that after spending a great deal of time and patience 
in examining numerous text-books on the subject, I 
consider yours to be a long way ahead of anything 
that has come to my notice, and have announced it 


THE text 

book for IL 


in mv class ir 

the Y 

w School. 



K. W. Sh 


>•*•♦•♦•*•♦•♦•♦•♦•*•»•»•*•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•»•♦•♦»♦•♦>♦>♦»»>♦»♦»♦»♦»»»♦■♦» « 4 

The following text-books, used in the i«&i« 
leading Business Colleges, High Schools (j/^JSpf ] \' 
and Academies, are universally endorsed Ijljilr!*" '^x 
by progressive educators as the best Lll-^Slu 
books published on their respective Iw ' 
subjects : 
Spelling and Letter Writing, -Ml pa;j(-s„$ 1 ,00 

Plain English, ;i2l puHcs 90 

Typewriting Instructor, 90 pages 1 .00 

Spelling, n» pajios 35 

Practical Shorthand, 241 pasics I .50 

Progressive Bookkeeping, !»! I'ajies.. . 1.25 
Mercantile Bookkeeping, 192 iniffs,,, 2,00 r,- 
Complete Practical Bookkeeplng.iiOS, 2,50 /jr>; 

Commercial Law, W,! pages! 1 .SO 

Pocket Dictionary, :B.OOO words 50 

Pocket Dictionary, - " cloth.., .25 

Bookkeeping Blanks in tour sets. 

All the books are handsomely bound 
and elegantly illustrated. Be wise, and ^''1 
use the best. [^ 

Write for introduction and wholesale 
prices. Catalogue free. ^^ , 

The Practical Text Book Company, K-r 1 

Superior Street, CLEVELAND, OHIO. V\!l(ik>i|| 

the Cleveland High Schools 

authority, and adopted, I am 
omplete Practical Ilookkcepina-. 
Toilt, nnrtespe.-iiillv the llln^rni- 
are vt-iy e.vLvlu.nt iii.l I, Th.- 

',;""■ l'""li— ''M,! ir. ;•■. JnirW, ('!.,,. Uusimiw 

Introduces new features and Is " way ahead of any 
other text-book." I take great pleasure, after n 
ooretul mvcstit-ntion of the text-book on bookkeep- 
liiK by the Practical Text-Book add to 
the many testimonials which it has already culled 
forth: that It manifests the true spirit of progicss. 
It IS imti ahaid of uny text-book with which I am 
aequainlcd. in eliminating "old togy" ideas which 
all live teachers have lont- since diseardeil in tcaejilnu 
bookkeeping.-Pni/. a U. Capij. Suijl. HcaUfs Bmi- 
ncaa Cullcue, Sait f'Vaiicf.^ro, Cal 

And hundreds of other similar letters have been 
received by the Publishers. 




~OHIO . — ^ 



Latest Invention Of The 

Steel Pens 


July, 1S90. 

Aimnst, ]»<!)3. 

For the VERTICAL STYLE of Penmanship. 

Four points: Extra fine, fine, medium and broad. One each will 
be sent, postpaid, on receipt of 4 cents in stamps. 

SPENCERIAN PEN CO., 450 Broome St., New York. 

^ ^"'^ NEW "TUin^PP — 

Practical a"" Progressive Book-keeping. 

By J. C. BRYANT, President of Bryant & Stratton Business College. 

Aullmr JUKI publisher for 30 years past of New Series of StaiHlard Book-kcpp- 

liiK, iiw<i in the best colleges niiti schools throujrbout the United States and the 

Canticliia. New work 1894 embraces shortest methods and best lorras up to date. 

Cotiiitiiiic IloiiBC Edilioii. retail price. - ... S'^.OO. 

Cwininerclnl or Hiirb Scliool Edition, retail price, - 1.50. 

A iiroiuinent business educator says: "You have produced a work which, in 

my opinion, excels all other publications of the kind in terseness and clearness. 

simplicity and practicability, elegance of illustration and quality of material and 


Klfineiitnry Eilflloii. 189'^. Double Entry, retail, 
( oininon (school Eilltion, Slntile nnd Double Eiitri 
TlM'llu8iiieHMAIauVOoinmercialLawnud Riixhiet 

TliP bost work ever published. Send for Descrlpti 
Pnges free. Address 

y, . - rSc. 

•88 Forms. »1 ..50. 

Circular and Sample 

J j T I J. C. BRYANT, Publisher. College Building, Buffalo, N. Y. ^ 


1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price ifl 00 


CORRESPONDENCE RetaU price, $1.00 

With proper discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St. New York. 



The Goodyear Commercial Series. 


We nuike a specialty of Publications for Business Practice 

and Office Training. 

Our new Inter-Communication Business Practice is pronounced 
the finest system of practice ever published. 

We print over two hundred varietiesof Business College Stationery. 
For Catalogue of our publications address 


276 to aSo West nadison Street, Chicago. 





"Thoroughly Practical 

and Authentic." 

"Easy to Teach and 

Easy to Learn." 


PKIC'E, S2,.50..En. 

I and teachable uooit. "lii 

The New Complete AccounUnt, tVo^l-tjnj, Hc_„_^_^^^.„.__._^^.^^^^^^^ 

iires of the old edition that have made It deservedly popular, but addlug many " ~ ■"''* 

bring 11 up to date aud make Itin every sens*' a nractr-nl ■-■ - --■- ^ ' 

State aud Territory. S'^O pages, printed lu v>i i-iid i.l;i. 

The New Complete Accountant, n-^i'^ - •••' i.iiii»».piuCE, 81.50. Thempst 

•^ ' sail . : I , h>r a brief course. Each subject Is 

treated connectedly and the student advanii- i ii il -^teps. Every process tborougbly 

explained, ISO pages, prl — ' '- ~' — * ■" ' ' ' ' ' " 

Commercial Law. ..fVM.r,^;.!!-.?©:,.!'.' 

brief c 
nd In cloth, 
practical ■ 

Is a practical and teachable text-book 

aai pages, every cue of which la fllfed with 

practical ! 

The Manual of Business Writing. FJ^'^'Ei 50c. a valuable help to every student 

* of business %vrltlnK. A full series of business cooles 

together with a book of Inst 

analysis and methods of practice, beautifully 

The New Business Arithmetic. , pi'ICE. si.'is. New type, new matter, new pi 

lems. Not a compilation from other arithmetics, but i 
pared from authentic Information, gathered from business life. Contains no worthless niatei 

Teaches by aualy; 

pages; handsome type, nicely bound, 

enabling the puplt to readily grasp the r 

1 for each process. 300 

The Practical Arithmetic, price, si.po. comes 

giving special attention to elementary problems and methods li 

arithmetic. Can lie used In common schoolr — ' • — • - - - . _ . 

190 pages: cloth. 

long-felt want for a bonk 

^mruviuii lu trii^uiciiutry problems and methods In 

schools and preparatory departments of commercial schools. 

words, with 

bound In cloth. 

and abbreviations, rule 

ig courses, avoids extremes, gives geographical names, 
for spelling, punctuation, capital letters, &c. Neatly ; 

Specimen pages of any of the above works will be sent on application, or sample 
copiesot any will be sent to any teacher who will name the school with which connected 
and on receipt of ouc-half of the above price. 

O. M. POWERS, 7 Monroe Street, Chicago. 


suitable to the needs of 
Business Colleges has 

been found. 

Tablet Desk 

meets the requirements. 

The Desk Top is where it can be of the most service; 
from front to rear it is longer than other desks, and then The 
Arm Rest Extension virtually adds greatly to the working; 
area. The student may work under the most favorable condi- 
tions, there being a natural place for resting the arm without 
any twisting in the chair. A desk and seat adjustable to his 
stature and range of vision. A back support available both for 
study and writing. 


NOTF..-.4 nne cln«« ol CInss und Lecture Room tlinlrs. tvith Ailju»lnble and Foldinit 

You piaKB no piistake 

and addresse 
s interested 
: Ink Drops o 



Jiend one dime fsllver) and a two cent stamp for a 
ipUfk and easv method of addliiK- 

Head what E. P. Avery.HChase Ave.,Holvoke.Ma'«.. 
says: "Becelved 'Addition Made Easy.* U puis the 
whole matter In a nutahell. I had one work costing 
«1.0ii and many others; yours Bhows the whole suh- 
Ject on one ijage. Please Send another copy to give to 
a friend." Address 

Box 147, 8aleni, Muhh. 

JOFRNAL. office. Send for catalogue. 



Lot tbc (SEARCH-LIGHT o( PRACTICE llluiiiln 
aces or THEORY. 

The fitudeDt ncqutres a knowledge of facts, 

t aiid logical thought proc- 



This I. not an EYPKRIMitXT but has been THOBOIGHLY TESTED an.l «OKKED IN THE SCHOOL ROOJl, and 

approval of the BtSIX ESS as well as the TEACUIXfJ public. SchooU that desire to lncr,-asp their business >vlll ,lo well to Investigate. 
It H not an Ideal creation, but Imparts a thorough training In the THE METHOD AND APPARATUS 


SoniPthing new that will commond Itself to every thIublUK wide- 
awake teacher and educator In the couutry who wishes to place ^eoulne 
his students from the doy they eut«r school. 

H of genuine busluesi 

t- unique and original Ideas that it was granted a patent by the United States Pat 
All sclioois adopting the system will be fuUy protected. 
It is intended for use iu Business Colleges, Academies, Commercial 
Departments and High Schools, either In whole or In part, as It may be- 
a(iapt«d to any course of study. 

OUTFITS with Bureau No. 2 will be sent to teachers tor examina- 
tion on receipt of S2.75: with Bureau No. 1, $3.a5; includloff both 

results produced are simply i 
Desirable schools may now 
bearing date of February 20. 1805. 


The Sadler System 



nd Detailed Parti( 

SADLER, Publis 

68 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 

Sadler's Arithmetics 

nuiincss Col' 

Vacation Trips to 


(National Educational Association), 
Chautauqua, {New York or Bay View) 
Old Point Comfort, etc, at the ex- 
pense of the Penman's Art Journal. 
A little work will give you a most 

J enjoyable trip. Send for ])Hrtieiilai-s. 
In meantime read page 93 of April 
A Journal. 

\ Penman's Art Jc 

J 203 Broad wa; 


Just THE Paper 





• ooncss BUSINESS LAW 
1021 Opera Houiie Bide. Clikae°. I". 
"Ifnoranceof the Law 

"IT IS UNRIVALED. "-Read the Unsolicited 

editorial of the Popular Educator, the greatest educational paper in the world — 
60,000 circulation. Here is the notice ; 

Bi.vler'9 Physical Trainins? in Penmansbip seems to be gaining: many friends. It is especially 
helpful in evening schools as well as a self instructor. It is needless to say that for elementary 
teaching it is unrivaled. 

B testimonials than you will have tl 
■ OrKanlzing. AdvertlslnK and Teaching Clj 

1 Supplement of 24 pp., 75c. Full partlculai 

■ Dliiloinn granted 

loth, «0 pp., lllustratel. 

GIDEON BIXLER, Wooster, Ohio. 


HAVE YOU INVESTIGATED THE merits of round \'ertical writing? 

HAVE YOU SEEN our beautiful new copy books? 

ARE YOU AWARE that round vertical writing is superior in every way and for every 

purpose to any other system ? 

ARE YOU AWARE that it is the most rapid system of writing in the world? 

ARE YOU AWARE that there are no failures among those teachers and pupils who 

use ITr 

ARE YOU AWARE that a six year old child who uses the round vertical can write 


ARE YOU AWARE that the best physiclans of the world say that slant penmanship is 


ARE YOU AWARE that in the thousands of schools that use our books every teacher 








Commercial Teachers Wanted 

Eatox, Drexcl Institute. Philadelphia. 

I am writing this under date of May 25, 
1895. Up to to-day I have had four times 
as many calls for commercial teachers as I 
have teachers to meet them. My commercial 
normal class will graduate on June 13. They 
have been with us one year and they now go 
out as commercial teachers to high schools, 
colleges, seminaries and other institutions. 
The salaries offered are not large — running 
from $750 to $1000, and in a few instances 

$1500— but the outlook for the future is very encourag- 
ing. Schools and colleges having the newer and broader view 
of the purpose of business training are looking to Drexel Insti- 
tute for their men. 

Applicants have the idea that they must be good penmen 
to enter the field of commercial teaching We don't care 
anything about their penmanship. It is good brains and teach- 
ing adaptability that we are looking for. Of course, if they are 
good penmen, so much the better. 

Drexel Institute, the pride of Philadelphia, was founded 
three years ago by Anthony J. Dre.xel, the late millionaire 
banker. It has the most beautiful educational building in the world, 
and more than three millions of dollars were spent upon its equip- 
ment and endowment. In all departments this year about 2600 
students have been enrolled. The faculty numbers nearly 100. The 
beauty of the building and of its environments and associations makes 
it an ideal place for the training of teachers. 

The fees for the Commercial Normal Department are only $70 a 
year, payable in two payments. There are no extras and a great deal 
of material is supplied free. Any person who has taught two years and 
who is 21 years of age or over, may enter for our Commercial Normal 
Course. The next term begins September 18. 

Send for circular and application form and for any further particu- 
lars to 


Director 0/ the U&pU of BuMmss, 

Drexel Institute, Philadelphia. 

n the everlasting: style of catalogue 
father because " It reminds me so 
old, beautiful old, mellow old— but 
using more or less in common for 

:over that will draw tears from the eyes of your grand- 
nuch of what I used to see when a boy "—the fine 
always Old— Old— Old designs that schools have been 
more than a generation ? 

Will it not attract more attention, bring you 
more business and better business to use some- 
thing apart from the old stereotyped form ; some- 
thing distinctive and personal : something with the 
year 1895 sticking out of each comer ? 

We have in hand at the present time a dozen catalogue 
covers, not one of which will be at all like any of the 
othei-s. or like any cover that any school has used. W© 
notice that the schools from which these orders come are 
schools which have been glowing right along and increas- 
ing their bank accounts during the severest depression 
ever felt in America. Why 7 


It isn't at all necessary that what you get 
should smack of the bizarre or **fin dc Steele 
art " variety. It may be as dignified, as classic, as 
conservative as you like. It may be as plain as 
you please or as ornate as you please, but 
always fresh, original, distinctive. The point is 
not to remind xieople of something else they 
have seen from other schools, but to give thera 
something that will stand.for Your school and 
youi-s alone, and di'ive home the conviction that 
modern thinking and modern methods are back 
of it. 


302 Broadway, New York. 

We keep on hand a large line of diplomas for every 
kind of school lask for new catalogue): have hun- 
dreds of Illustrating and advertising cuts, letter-head- 
■ ■ cuts for stationery, or will print the 
plete to order ; several different forms 

- y-prlnt school Journals; tnauy school 

supplies, such as blackboards, college currency, blank 
stationery, penmen's and artists' supplies, etc. Write 
us wheu you need us. 



The Teachers' Assistant. The Students' Teacher. The Office 
Stenographers' Invaluable Reference Book. 

"Your Own Typewriter Instructor," 


A work which contains more reliable instruction in the 

Art of Typewriting 

than any other in the world of books. It is printed in fac-simile 
of Typewriting, all the leading Typewriters being represented. 

Price $1.50. By mail 17 cents extra. Sent upon receipt of price. 

The right discount to Teachers and Colleges. Published by 


NEW YORK, JUNE, 1895. 


No. 7. 
,4 Itetrospeetlve Olance, 
50 —As may be seen at a glance, this lesson con- 
sists of a new group of letters, both capital and 
small— the first and main line of which was given in 
the ending of exercises, plate 3, December lesson. 
Other exercises using the right curve of different 
lengths, such as are found in plates 7, 9, and line 5, 
plate 11, have been given from time to time. The 
students who have intelligently and dilgently prac- 
ticed these lessons step by step will find themselves 
in readiness to progress rapidly on this and lessons 
to follow. I am glad to say that the majority of 
you who have sent in specimens up to date. May 10, 
are of this class. You have every reason to feel en- 
couraged. Push right along with renewed interest 
and zeal. 

To Thiine mill a I'oor roiinilnHim. 

51.— On the other hand, I have found, as we all 
find, a few— about forty— whose specimens show a 
^joor foundation upon which to build loops, or any- 
thing else of value. Before going further, 1 wish to 
emphasize a point or two aud be distintly under- 

sary to reach the heart, fire it and keep it burning 
with an intense longing to be a man and a penman 
in all the meaning these words may imply. 

54.— The best thing that could happen to many 
of you would be to come into personal contact with 
live, np-to-date teachers, surrounded by enthusi- 
astic, progressive pupils, where all influences are up- 

in naming the first two words, and cannot reailUy 
spell the last one, your writing is weak in union and 
spacing and cannot support a loop. 

58. —The ability to make good loop letters will 
depend largely upon your ability to properly curve 
and locate the first line. In addition to the several 
exercises already given for this purpose, take up ex- 

lifting. If this privilege is denied you, I know of no 
better substitute that such reading and thinking as 
may be gotten from " The Ambitious Young Man," 
a series of talks now running through the Business 
Journal, " How to Apply for a Position and Get It." 
and Ink Ccojw— inexpensive publications advertised 
in The Penman's Art Journal. In one of the above 
you will read : " Man may have that in God's uni- 
verse for which he will pay the price," and how 
forcibly this applies to writing. Many a one, no 
doubt, would be able and only too willing if he 

stood by this class of students who are relying upon 
this course of lessons for improvement. To continue 
to the end as you have started and are going, some 
with a jerky, " tlip-flop." unruly movement, and 
others with a slow, laborious, stingy, finger move- 
ment, copy-book style, will result simply in failure 
and disappointment. 

Coii/lrfciirr ill Ilrsiilta from Le.isonn. 

52, — Aly own confidence in these lessons is so 
great that I never hesitate to enter into an agree- 
ment with any healthy young person to give him a 
good business band while pursuing his six months' 
commercial or shorthand course, or refund all tuition 

could pay the price in money, but wealth can buy 
only the product of skill. 

noes Til 1.1 Hit Ion ;> 

55.— Think about this and think seriously. Don't 
you feel guilty of avoiding instruction '/ What 
would you do with the accompanying lesson more 
than to disfigure it beyond recognition'; You need 
not despair nor think I am coming down too hard. 
There is hope for just such as you, if yon will only 
wake up and make up your mind to carry into effect 
a determined resolution to begin with the Decem- 
ber lesson, and do the work in a thorough and syste- 
matic manner. 


money ; and in doing this I do not take into consid- 
eration his miserable scrawl, crude ideas and the 
little interest he may have in beginning. 

53. — I mention these things for the reason that 
many a one has been changed from the poorest 
habits to better ones, enabling him to wring success 
from failure. To accomplish this, it has been neces- 


56. — The exercises are within the ability of any 
one who has enough elbow action to feed himself, 
and they will force the desired results. Therefore, 
the thing for you to do is to force yourself to long 
continued action on the things that will advance 
j'on most. 

^1 Tent. 

57. — Now, in order that every one may clearly 
understand to whom the above applies, just write 
the word "inn" or "am" not fewer than forty 
times per minute : the word " niinininm" (omitting 
the dot for " i ") fifteen times. Hand these over to a 
bright ten year old school ffi^l, and if she hesitates 

ercise 1, No. 28, and give particular attention to the 
beginning and ending of strokes. It will not pay to 
leave such exercises until the curve is just ri^ht for 
all letters using it. Apply test, per dotted lines in 
first illustration. Before joining the capitals to the 
oval it would be well to work up on these letters 
singly in No. 29. 

59.— Avoid tendency to lean right curve letters 
too much, by holding end of right curve well up. 
The first crossing in G and S is half the height of 
the letter and ending is in " fish hook " style. In 
your first practice of this ending make a full stop at 
angle, then add finishing stroke. It the down stroke 
in S appears stiff and straight, do not be afraid to 
exaggerate the compound curve. In the combination 
practice, put from six to twelve letters in a group. 
This style of capital if is a splendid one for mus- 
cular drill. The more you practice it the better you 
will like it. In your first drill swing well out to the 
left, causing oval to lie almost horizontal. A pause 
should be made on the base before the last line is 
joined. Count one, stop, three. The ending is higher 
than the beginning. The combination following H 
will interest you. 

HVite/i the rinurra. 

60.— The long straight slant lines retraced in con- 
nection with ovals in No. 28 would not be out of 
place before beginning loop letters. Following this 
take up exercises in No. 30, m regular order. Width 
of loop and height of crossing may be regulated by 
the depth of curve. It must be remembered that 
much hard work will be required before these let- 
ters are uniform and perfectly safe under a high 
rate of speed. The fingers may want to do more 
than their share of the work here. Do not stiffen 
the fingers nor allow their action to be more than 
sympathetic with the arm muscles. The move- 
ment of fingers is scarcely noticeable in rapid writ- 
ing and when used to excess the writing suffers. 

61.— Go right into the business of making loops, 
alternating the letters with oval, and use both 
"rifle" and "shotgun" practice. No. 31 is difficult 
and is intended for the advanced writers who are 
working for a higher degree of skill on loops. The 
down curve changes into a straight line before end- 
ing on base. You may also play with 32, 



62.— I trust you will study long, practice by the 
hour, read awhile and think all the time. 

CrllicLim Column, 
A L S., Wayland, Mich.- Youhaveexcellentcopy-book 
form, but oh ! so slow. Some of your capitals are in 
the "shade" with the" shakes." 'Work December exer- 
cises at a hinh rate of speed. You can become a tine pen- 

A. D. D., Catasauqua.— Your practice isjust right. More 


words and sentences. Use coarse 

of it. Get up speed 

F H F . Haddftm.— Your ovals ere fine. Don't sh 
tber«. Dilute ink with soft water. Am anxious to 
your latest specimen 

Hamilton, Out.— Good work : just right. It 
taiti's time to develop speed. Move at a hiuh rate on f jrer- 
rt**-* Our graduates write at from eight to twelve strobes 
per second. Can't go into deUils here Thanks for good 

P. H. H., Fairweather. 111.— Your writing is stiff. What 
good business writers you and hundreds of others could be- 
come If you would only develop movement. Think over 
the accompanying lessons. 

O. A. M., Daw^on. Minn.— Apply movement with more 
care. More rifle practice. Eye service on letters. 

C. C. K., Columbus. Ind.— More strength. Cnpitals 
weak. Small letters promising. First part of on base. 
Ivower the 7. Work plates 7 and 8 more. 

W. F. O. C, Boston.— All muscles, from the end of fin- 
gers to the shoulder, act while making figures, and the 
band rest fingers never stick ncr stop. The arm is parallel 
with edge of paper only when the |)enbas reached the mid- 
dle of line. Hpecimen good. Your iV's poor. 

H. P., Boston.— Small letters too large, coarse and slow. 
More force; more speed. Good movement on Oand C. Re- 
view frequently plates 1 and 3. 

\V. J. H. Quincy. Mass. —AH of your specimens are ex- 
cellent. Learn to write Mat/agfascrtr without lifting the 
pen. Ditto for W. Practice from Mr. Zaner's lessons. 

Miss J. (r. P., Woburn.— You have done your part well, 
and now have a splendid hand. You could become a pen 
artist or anything you undertake. Many thanks for 
the many excellent designs. Send a design in 6/ac'A; ink 
for engraving. 

Dozens of criticisms are crowded out of this column 
every month. I cannot see your questions and requests 
for criticisms, etc., go unattended to. 

I will send my " red ink entries," consisting of crit- 
icisms, illustrations and answers, for only 15 cents, to all 
who will send their practice sheets in roll form. We 
shall continue to serve as many through this column as 
is pos.sible, 



No. 6. 


Hpiril nnti Sliaile. 

ET the pen be driven over the 
paper with considerable speed and 
force. Make the first exercise at 
the rate of about 100 down strokes 
per ijiiimte. The heaviest part of 
the shade should be placed at 
about half the height. The shade should be short, 
thick in the center and slender toward the ends. It 
should not extend up or down fiir enough to detract 
from the delicacy of the turns at the top and bot- 
tom. The pfn may be raised at the base of V, U 
Jind V, but I did not raise it there, nor do I usually. 
The shade in V and Z is placed much the same as 
in the piectditg ihiee lttt( rp. The pen may be 




first strokes in the first forms. Use plenty of the 
hinge action in the long down stroke of the back of 
the J. 

Too Mttdi Muscular Tension wild How to Avoid It. 

In writing the small letters push the pen along 
delicately yet firmly, aiming to be sure of the form 
but not overanxious. It is possible to tension the 
muscles too tightly, which is ofren the result of over- 
anxiety or nervousness. Keep in mind that when 
the muscle is tensioned too tightly it will restrict the 
motion and cause short, broken lines and spasmodic 
motions. On the other hand, when the muscle is not 
tensioned to its proper capacity the movements are 
inefficient and weak. In this condition the hand 
usually seems lifeless and lazy. If you are feeling 
tired, mentally or physically, tbe muscle cannot be 


raised at the line in making these forms. It was so 
raised in the copy. Remember the loop in Q should 
he long and horizontal and in the Z it should be 
about on the connective slant. The shade in the J 
should be below the line. 

IVitilrurfi-s anrt lloir to Corrrct Them. 

The tendencies are in these letters to make the 
first strokes of V. U and 1" too slanting toward the 
right and too wide or open at the base, and in the Q 
and Z to make the small loops too nearly roond and 
to use too much rolling motion in the lower part of 
the latter. The raising of the pen as suggested will 
aid in flattening the little loops. The use of more 
rolling or shoulder action will aid in curving the 

made to respond in such a way as to be very satisfy- 
ing unless you are too easily satisfied. It the mind 
or will is too weak to transmit to the muscle enough 
stimulus to put it in action and sustain the same, 
but little good can be accomplished. On the other 
hand, if the muscle is too fatigued to respond to the 
dictates of the will, little improvement need be ex- 
pected. Therefore try to feel right when you prac- 
tice and then practice carefully, which means 
thoughtfully and briskly. 

37ic Capittit stem. 

The capital stem yon will find to be difficult. The 
curve should be slight in the beginning, but in the 
letters given it is made a trifle shorter and more 

curving than in the principal. Let the arm roll freely 
in making the large initial curve about the stem, as 
in the forms given. Of course that will require a 
loose sleeve and a flexible and elastic muscle near the 
elbow. Make your work larger than here given, 
nearly double the size. The shades in these letters 
should be placed belowhalf the height and n^ar or on 
the line. The heaviest part should nearly touch the 

Enfl<nvor to Jirralc Your Own Tiironl. 

The idea conveyed in the last line is a good one. If 
you will try, each and every time, to outdo your for- 
mer effort, yon will certamly improve. But tbat 
will be difficult to do. It means that you cannot fol- 
low one effort with another in quick succession for 
any considerable length of time without becoming 
wearied. Therefore it will be beat to make a few 
efforts — then rest before trying again. But do not 
let the recess be long enough to lead to drowsiness 
nor indifference. Be interested, from top to toe, if 
you want to become a fine penman. 

CHttrism Column. 

J. B. W., Ill- — Your practice indicates that you are 
working in the right direction. Some of your lines and 
forms appear weak and uncertaia, but I fail to locate any 
serious diflBoulty Do not sacrifice strength for delicacy. 
Your practice should reach me by the 20th of the mouth 
to be criticised the following month. 

W. T., Mass.— You can become a professional penman if 
you persevere. You lack freedom, touch and tureness. 
Arnold's Japan Ink, diluted, is the ink we advise. 

H. S. L., Mass. — Yes, you stand a good chance of becom- 
ing a professional penman Your practice is excellent, 
though too rapid and thoughtless. Your 2's are specially 
defective in form. You hustle along too much in a busi- 
ness style and with a business movement. 

E. 3. K , Ohio.— Your practice is the best yet received. 
Keep it up and you'll make a record. Mnke your sharp- 
point=Hi jB's and Cs without raising tbe pen— the flourish 
first ; also make the nose or beak longer. 

P. H. H., 111.— Shaded strokes in O, .4, K, etc., too 
nearly straight. Your movement is not full and forceful 
enough. Your shade is too high in your reverse oval let- 
ters, such as A', ir, ete.. indicating that your movement 
is yet too sluggish. 

W. B. C, Tenn.— Your sha*les are rather Hght. Your 
spiral m the reverse oval letters is too small. Your sta- 
tionery is not good. Oval in D is too narrow. 

E. L. H., Me. — Your small letters are too angula^ 
pause too much at the top. Your shade is too high i 
Your practice is not systematic enough. Systematize your 
work and it will be excellent indeed. 

J, K. S.. Md.— Your stationery is poor. You can't ac- 
complish as much as if you had first-ciaiis paper. Your 
shades are too long and not heavy enough. Capitals too 
sprawling. Raise the pen oftener in your small letters ; 
don't hustle them along the same as in business writing. 

A. H., Jr.. N. J.— Do not raise the pen in making C, G 
and E. Second part of small /.• is one and one-fourth 
spaces high. Your practice is excellent ; no bad tendencies. 




No. 9. 


HE kind of iDitials that are of the 
highest commercial value aie 
those which contain an idea or 
suggestion of the subject treated 
in the article following'^it. For 
instance, a story of " Our Type- 
writer Girl " could be well begun 
with the initial C, which shows 
the typewriter girl at work, or any of the five show- 
ing portraits of young ladies mightranswer as well. 
The initial 1' would not be appropriate to start an 
article on the subject of " Young ;Ladie8 in Busi- 
ness,'" nor would we want to use the initial Our in 
tellingof the " Reminiscences of Our Grandmother." 
Such designs as shown in B, C and D are meaning- 
less and can be used anywhere when none better 
can be had. 

Another point to keep in view is the plainness of 
the letter. However beautiful and appropriate the 
ornamentation might be, the initial lost-s much 
value if the letter does not stand out bold enough to 
be recognized at a passing glance. Above all, keep 
the letter itself plain and recognizable. 

Another important point about initials which has 
much to do with their value among the high class 
publications is the amount of space they occupy. 
Look through the leading magazines, such as Hur- 
per's, Scrihiicr's and Tlic Centurj/, and you will no- 
tice in almost every case the initials used are small, 
square designs, similar to those shown in copy here- 
with. Where space means money these little " space 
savers "are worth many dollars more than larger 
ones to the publisher, because of the small amount 
of space they occupy. 

All are invited to send practice work on this lesson 
to me for examination and criticism. Make some 
designs of your own, similar to those shown in copy, 
and may be some of the best ones will be printed in 
The Journal. Make them two inches square, so 
that they may be reduced to the proper size. 

The copy for this lesson was made entirely with 
the pen. Next month we will show some pretty 
effects in initials made on Ross board and tinted 

The banner specimens of practice work this month 
come from J. K. Spicer, Taylor's Island, Md. The 
work embraces the October, November, December, 
January and February lessons, which testify to the 
skill and enthusiasm of this young practitioner. 

A Correction. 

In the May Journal, we gave the price of " Thought 
Gems," pubhshed by F. B. Courtney, Box 534, Kansas 
City. Mo., as twenty-five cents. The coiTect price is .^1. 


Stir iu the 

At the Lincoln meeting of the Western Penmen's Asso- 
ciatiou there was a gathering of bright lights of the West- 
era shorthand world. Dan Brown, the old "standby." 
Rush. Lowe. Wheeler. Beits, and many others were there. 
The three writers who are shown herewith took promi- 
nent parts and contributed not a little to the success of 
the convention. 

Miss Julia M. Fay. 

Brocton, N. 

Miss Julia M. Fay was born 
and received her edu- 
cation at the F r e - 
donia State Noniial 
School . and in the 
Slocum School of 
Shorthand in Buflfalo. 
In 18S9 she established 
the Sioux City, Iowa, 
Shorthand and Tj^ie- 
writiug School a n il 
canied on a general 
shorthand and type- 
writing office. Ii: mn 
she taught in the Uni- 
versity' of the North- 
west at Sioux City 
and in the same yeaJr 
she helped start the 

Sioux City Commercial C-ollege. She went to Lincoln. 
Neb., as principal of the shorthand department of the 
Western Normal College in 1893 and taught there until a 
few weeks ago, when she was compelled to resign because 
of ill health. Miss Fay was i^Titten up in " \Vomen of the 
Century " as a representative shorthand woman, and was 
one of the three women chosen from the State of New 






- "^-v" 


York on the women's auxiliary of the World's Fau\ She 
is a well-posted, energetic teacher, much loved by her stu- 
dents and all with whom she is brought in contact. 

Thomas P. Wilson. 

years of his life. He 
began the study of 
shorthand when au 
office boy of fifteen 
and after becoming 
competent he spent 
eighteen months try- 
ing to secure an 
amanuensis position. 
Many stenogi-aphers 
first secure the posi- 
tion and spend eight- 
een montus ti"ying 
to become competent. 
After four years in 
amanuensis work he 
was appointed official 
coiu't reporter of the fourth district of Nebraska, which 
place he still holds after a continuous sel•^'ice or eight 
years. He has used the Benn Pitman system without 
modification, and later modifications to conform to the 
Gridiam syst«m. He has used the Remington type- 
writer for "nine years and operates it by the all-finger 
method without looking at the keyboard. At the Lincoln 
meeting Mr. Wilson wrote seyenty-five words a.ininute on 
a No. 6 Remington, practically without looking at the key- 
board. He wrote new matter from dictation in shorthand 
at the rate of 287 words a minute and read it back with- 
out an error. He is yery methodical and systematic in all 
work and his shorthimd notes are small, neat and very 
legible, while his typewriter transcriptions ai-e neatness 
and accui'acy itself. 

A. P. Barnett. 

Another rapid writer who made his mark (several 

thousands marks) at 

the Lincoln conven- 
tion was A. P. Bar-, 
nett of Kansas City. 
Mo., who is official 
court reporter of the 
tenth jutbcial district 
of Kansas. At the age 
of fifteen he began the 
study of Munson 
shorthand and is en- 
t i r e 1 y self-taught. 
While he has spent 
consider able time 
studying the ^cience 
of shorthand he says 
that he would rather 
be a good practical 

writer than a mere theorist. After filling several i 
ensis positions he did his first court reporting at Keokuk, 
Iowa, in 1883. In 1887 he removed to Kansas City, where 
he secured the appointment he still holds. 

We're all KInes. 

The King of businei« colleges is the Rochester Business 
University ; the King of shorthand schools is W. G. 
Chaffee's ; the King of the penman's papers is The Pen- 
man's Art Journal : the King of penmen is C. P. Zaner ; 
the King of inks is Barnes' Ink. — Ink Drops. 



" John Smith, Plain and Ornamental Penman," was the 
inscription on an envelope recently received. I would 
Hke to have plans and specifications explaining when and 
at what time he is plain aod when ornamental. I've 
heard of people being " more useful than ornamental," 
and vice versa, but we are glad to see that since the im- 
possible has been accomplished, and the same person is 
both plain and ornamental at one and the same time, 
that it has fallen to the lot of a penman to break the 
record. But then the penman is always flourishing. 

The penmen are not alone in their unique expressions. I 
recently ran across a letter head of a public accountant 
whose business was, according to the letter head : " Open- 
ing and closing of deranged books." Nothing was said 
about whether the opener or the persons employing him 
were expected to be deranged also. 

Have you noticed that there is a decline in the crop of 
acrobatic and contortion birds, " Executed in ' steen' 
seconds, with one eye, one hand and a sttal pen ? " 

" Why," said the colored porter at the end of a railroad 
journey, as he brushed off the imaginary dust (he had just 
dusted me) and held out his hand for a little " dust." 
'• why is this operation Hke the conclusion of a fox hunt ? " 
Of course I gave it up. " Because it is a brush at the end." 
I dusted. 

" Out of sight," as the penman said about his arm when 
initiating his young lady friend, who wore a cape wrap, 
into the mysteries of whole arm movement. It looked like 
an 'armless proceeding. 

A friend of mine says he is working in " a large retale 
store." It must be a book store with a big stock of novels. 
I sent for a copy of "Twice Told Tales," and we don't 
speak any more. 

A sign on a dog store read : " Dogs retailed here." The 
owner of a bull pup went in with a dog minus nearly all 
ears and tail, and asked for a new crop of ears and to have 
his dog retailed. Although one eye is closed he sees much 
better than he did. 

In looking over the list of names of those who believe 
enoueh in the association to pay the $2 membership fee in 
the W. P. A., I notice that many names are lacking that 
are found in other parts of the report. The names may be 
there, but my eyesight is becoming affected and I can't see 
them. This reminds me of an Irishman who informed the 
farmer for whom he was working that owing to failiuK 
eyesight he would have to leave. " Failing eyesight." cried 
his employer, "why, your sight is perfect." "Oh, no," 
replied the Irishman, " it isn't, because I can't see any meat 
on my plate at meal times." The next meal he was given 
meat, and when asked how his sight was replied, '* It is fine 
now. I can see the plate through the meat." 


'■^cnmoM Qytit'Oy<^auiiU3 




Tbl< Award of Prizen, 

The specimens received in The Journal's con- 
test of public school pupils, the season of 189.5, 
cover a wide ran^e of territory, and we think will 
fairly represent all the work being done in the cities 
taking part in tlie competition. 

We were somewhat disappointed that more of the 
larger cities did not enter, especially so since in this 
contest, as in all others open to the public, where 
due notice has been given, those winning piizes lor 
the writing have a right to claim superiority. 

The few vertical writing specimens received show 
good work, and we were again disappointed in not 
having cities where vertical writing is made a 
specialty of, represented in the contest. 

Some few supervisors complained that their bett 
writers in the grades mentioned were outside the 
age limits. No doubt this was so : but we know of 
no fairer way than to place age limits on those sub- 
mitting specimens. As it was, several of the grades 
had competing pupils who were two or three years 
apart in age. All can see the justice of having an 
age limit. A pupil might be held back three or four 
years in a grade becauPeof inability to pass in math- 
ematics or some other branches, and yet the writing 
of this pupil would be constantly improving. It 
would not be a fair test to put a pupil four years 
older in the same grade with others who are less ex- 

As before, the girls carry off the honors. Of the 
54 names mentioned below, those who take first and 
second prizes or given honorable mention 43 are girls 
and II boja. 

The object of these contests, we take it, is educa- 
tional rather than for glory alone. Since that is 
the case, we have made notes of the most distin- 
guishing features of the specimens selected as best 
in the representative grades. In our judgment the 
best specimons were those showing most speed and 
movement, written with coarse pens on paper with 
ordinary ruling, and specimens that were normally 
spaced. Many cities submitted specimens written 
■with fine pens, writing heavily shaded and the lines 
more or less shaky. It looks as if they had tried too 
hard. Those students who had aimed at business 
writing turned out the best specimens in our judg- 

The specimens were examined very carefully by 
the judges, close comparisons made, and below will 
be found 

THK .iiriitns. 

<linrle I. 

1st.— Bessie Johnson, age 7, Covington, Ky. 

•Jnd.-Kannie HuRhes, age t!, Uarfleld School, Lima, O 

Honorable moulion : Mabel St^ine, age 7, tSo. Chestnut 

St bchool, Holyoke, Mass., and Willie Crist, age 7, Bl'd'g 

No. 0, Alliance, O. ' >• • m 

Oraile 3. 

Ist.-Otto Drelkorn.aeeS. Sergeant St. School, Holyoke 
2hd.-ViviBn Weaver, age 8, Covington, Ky 
Houorable mention : David Brown, age s, s,,awnee 
Schor 1, Lmm, O. ; Tom Clarke, age T. Helena, Mont. ; Beat- 
rice \\ elcb, age 8, Youngstown, O. : Geo. Bories, School 
No. .1, BulTalo, N. Y. 

«»•«(!(. 3, 

1st— Ben. Culbertson, ajjell, Covington, Ky. 
2nd.— Kthel Pleasants, age », Helena, Mont 
Honorable mention : Mumie Scbuler, age -l, Honesdale, 
Pa.; Dora Ueser. ages, Chailes City. Iowa; Ruby Sturm Dist, K.cbmond, Ind. ; Jennie Tully, Pone School' 
Memphis, Tenu. ' 

Orailf 4. 
Ist-Nellie May, oge 9, Charles City, Iowa. 
•Jud.— Tillie narietson, oge 10, Covington, Ky 
HonoiaWe Mention : Lela Bryant, age lo', Helena, 
Mont.; AKr.d Reulbe, ape 10, Irving School, Lima, O. 

Ilrntit S. 

1st -Sophia Viw, ago U, Covington, Ky. 

2nd.-Ho,.e O'Neill, age 11, Bridge Street School, Hol- 
yoke, Mass. 

Honorable Mention : Clara Engelhorn, age 11 Helena 

Mont.; Anna Jones, age 11, Building N'o. 3, Alliance O '• 

Geneva Matthews, age 10, Tippecanoe School, La Fav'ette' 

Ind. ; Ethel Miller, age 10, School 15, Buffalo, X. Y. " 

tirarle G. 

1st.— Opal Clapp, aged 13, Charles City, Iowa. 









..^^f^^^ ^'A^ 




^^^^^^^kj^y^^^^t-^^ ^^^.-^^ 


2nd —Charlotte E. Chase, age 11, Appleton Street 
School, Holyoke. Mass. 

Honorable Mention: Arthur Allen, age 12, Covington, 
Ky. ; Charles McNutt, age 13, Knoxville, Tenn ; Mar- 
garet F. Milliken, age 12, Middle Street School, Saco, Me. ; 
Clara Lichtenfels, age 12, Richmond, Ind. 
Giarfe 7. 

1st.— Anna M. Bilhng, age 11, So. Chestnut St. School, 
Holyoke, Mass. 

2d.— Virginia Hellman, age IS, Covington, Ky. 

Honorable mention: Leanua E. Toy, age 13, Gariield 
School, Lima, Ohio; Hattie Sands, oge 13, Camljridge 
City, Ind.; Edith Budd, age 13, Smith School, Memphis, 
Tenn. ; Erna Blistain, age 12, Ford School, La Fayette, 

ilraitr H. 

1st.— Myrtle Clapp, age 14 Charles City, la. 

2nd.— F. S. Brainard, age 14, Youngstown, Ohio. 

Honorable mention : Myrtle E Hammond, Gilpin School, 
Denver, Colo. : Ida Morvilius, oge 14, Franklin School, 
Lima, Ohio; Mary Stephenson, age 13, Salina. Kan.; 
Moggie E. Adair, age 14, Hamilton St. School, Holyoke, 

(VivK/f 9. 

1st —May Leavitt, oge 15, Middle St. School, Boco, 

2Dd.— Lizzie Mathesvs, age 13, Charles City, Iowa. 

Honorable mention : Edith Zoe Hastings, age 14, Camb- 
ridge City, Ind. ; Jno. Quigley, age 14, Dwight St School, 
Holyoke, Mass. ; Benna Stephenson, age 14, New Castle, Pa. 

//((//I School. 

1st.— Maude Collins, age 17, Charles City, Iowa. 

2nd— Jenny Lambrigi.t, age IB, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Honorable Mention : Florence Batchelder, age 14, Saco, 
Me.; Flora Miller, age 18, Cambridge City, Ind.; Louisa 
Fox, age 15, Young&town, O. 

Siiiiifi-imn-'a Clrllflcritm. 

— Mrs. Helen W. McLean, Sup'r, Covington, Ky , 
secures the certiftcate awarded to the .Supervisnr whose 
students won the most certificates. Mrs. McLean's 
pupils captured first prize in tl,e 1st, 3d and 5th 
grades ; and second jirize in the 2nd, 4tL and 7lh grades. 
The work showed fine speed and movement and good form 

— Miss L Viola Waller, Sup'r, Charles Citv. Iowa, was 
a close second, as her pupils obtained four flr.>.t and one 
second prizes. She believes in movement, and the work of 
her pupils shows it. Her success at Charles City has been 

— The third greatest number of prizes were won by the 
pupils of Miss Esther A. McDonnell, Sup'r, Holyoke, 
Mass., two first and two second prizes 

— Our gentlemen supervisors have been fairly defeated 
by the ladies. 

Xotea o/ thf Contest, 

— Knoxville, Tenn., R.S.Collins, Supvr., was repre- 
sented by some very good specimens. 

— W. A. McPherson sent a large package of eighth 
grade specimens from the Gilpin School, Denver, Col. 
These were all vertical and were the best vertical speci- 
mens entered in the contest. We wish Mr. McPherson had 

entered more grades, so that we could have made a com- 
parison between vertical and slaut writing throughout. 

— Supvr. S. S. Purdy, Des Moines, la., entered some 
writiog that was uniformly good throughout. 

— Miss Hannah W. Bell, Supvr., Holmesdale, Pa., sent 
a fine lot of representative samples. 

— W. E. Harsh, Helena, Mont., entered some excellent 
business writing from eight grades. 

— W. D. Moon, Lima, O., as usual, was on hand with a 
large selection of flrst-class writing. 

— New Castle, Pa., J. L. Moser, Supvr., sent a carefully 
graded lot beginning with fourth grade. 

— Supvr. E. E. Utterb.ack, Salina, Kan., entered eighth 
grade only, but these were good. 

— J. H Bachtenkircher, Supvr., Li Fayette, Ind., sent 
a large selection of carefully arranged and well graded 

— Cambridge City, Ind , and Richmond, Ind., W. S. 
Hiser, Supvr. , in both places, were represented by some ex- 
cellent work. 

— L. L. Weaver, Alliance, O., shows his good teaching 
in a large package of samples received. 

— L. D. Scott, Supvr., Memphis, Tean., has reason to 
feel encouraged over the work submitted. 

— Saco, Me., has in Supvr. A. R. Merrill an up-to date 
teacher of writing. His pupils did well. 

— W. H. Barr, Youngstown, O. , as u=ual, is on hand with 
some most excellent writing in all grades. 

-Carthage, Mo., is represented with the fifth to the 
eighth grades inclusive, and Miss Loula Van Neman hos 
no reason to feel oshamed of her work. The writing of 
pupils of the Carthige schools is not up to last year's stand, 
aid, and this is because the city has almost dispensed 
with the services of a supervisor. 

— Buffalo, N. Y., had but a few specimens from a few 
grades entered by Asst. Supvr. G. K. Demary, but they 
showed splendid progress over the work examined froiii 
there a few mouths ago. 



No. .;. 

Oi'al Dillla. 

RILL on the ovals, using those best 
adapted to the needs of your 
school (These oval exercises were 
given in the May Journal and 
the preceding numbers. They 
should be used daily, but will not 
be given in our copies again). 

Have large pupils practice the lesson at least 
twice per week, using the board. Small children 
should use the board daily. 

Carefully observe the size, slant, etc., of these 
ovals, and insist upon uniform movement, speed, 
etc., to secure which count carefully for each exer- 

rise, as explained in former lessons, spending from 
rwo to five minutes with each exercise. 

Loop letters require diligent practice. This lesson 
deals with all of those that are made above the ruled 
or base line. They are all of the same height, which 
is three times that of the short letters (except r and 
.1), and should extend, therefore, three-fourths of 
the distance from the base line to the ruled line 
above it. 

Drill on the ovals, following the direction of the 

No. 1,7. Make three letters without stopping or 
taking the pen from the paper. Keep the downward 
stroke .1 straight line on the correct slant. Turn as 
short as possible at the line. See that the crossing is 
about one-tbird the height of the letter. In making 
the downward stroke use a little finger movement 
combined with the movement of the forearm, giv- 
ing a r|uick motion to the upper part of the letters 
and slowing the speed near the base line. This applies 
in general to each letter in this le&son. Beginners 
usually get the letter too wide and the downward 
stroke curved too much. Remedy this by curving 
the up stroke to the left, thus making the down 
stroke straigbter. Do not shade. Count " one," 
"two," "three," for each group. 

No. liX. Drill carefully on these words, noting 
particularly the turns, crossings and angles. Write 
on the ruled line. Give many other words, using 
loop letters. Observe carefully the height of loops, 
crossings and turns at the base line. 


Practice on the ovals as previously directed. 

No. /,'.). Count "one," "two," "three," for each 
group. Decrease the speed in order to make the 

Follow directions in other respects for No. 47. 

No. .5(/. Drill as in No. iS. • 


Give a short drill on the ovals. 

No, 51. Count "one," "two," for each letter in 
the group. Pause a very little at the ruled line. 
The turn in this letter should be as high as the 

Nn. f>';. Work as in No. .J.9. 


Work on the ovals a few minutes. 

No. 5.1. Count "one." "two," "three," for each 
letter in the group, making an almost imperceptible 
stop at the ruled line. 

The upper part of the turn extends above the 
crossing of the up and down strokes, while the down 
stroke just below this turn is parallel to the long 
down stroke. Do not close the letter after making 
the turn, but come down to the line straight and 
make a short turn, carrying the stroke up from the 
line one third the height of the letter. 


Drill on the ovals, giving the most time to those in 
which the first, or up stroke, starts toward the right 
at the ruled line. These are called indirect ovals. 
Those commencing with a down stroke to the left 
are called direct ovals. 

This issue, or number, contains material for many 
lessons. Use them with such changes as you may 

Give much practice from words of your construc- 
tion, making one or more of the loop letters promi- 
nent iu each word. 

Give each lesson from the board. 

Use your hand-board many times, and keep up 
your own practice. 

S,„,t in r»,„. Q,KM{,m.-.. 

I shall be glad to answer questions pertaining to 
the work in this series of lessons. Address me as 
per heading of this lesson. 

Fraternal Notes. 

— Several of our supervisors and special teachers have 
already made arrangements for their summer vacation, 
and in a few weeks tbey will be scattered to the four comers 
o( the earth. Langdon S. Thompson, Director of Draw- 
ing, Jersey City public schools, will leave the latter part of 
June for a three months' tour iu Eurone, and, of course, 
art schools and educational matters will' be carefully ex- 
amined by Mr, Thompson. D. W. Hoff, Supvr of Writ- 
ing, public schools. Oak Park, 111., will gall from New York 
June S3d and will spend the summer months in England 
Scotland. Germany, Austria, Prance and Switzerland' 
Methods of writing will be looked into by Mr. HoB while 



he is gone. S. S. Purdy, who has recently been re elected 

Supervisor of Writing of the Des Moines Public School, 
Iowa, will spend his vacation in Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick touring on his wheel. 

— In a recent number of Primary Education, Boston, 
we notice an advertisement of " Busy Work," which is a 
writing and drawing combination. It is arranged and 

Sublished by J. O. Gordon, the well-known Supervisor, of 
;ocky River, Ohio. 

— Ralph E. Rowe, recently penman of Gray's B. C, 
Portland, Me., has just been elected Supervisor of Writing 
in the public schools of Westbrook and Deering, Me. 

— T. M. Graves is Supvr. of Writing in the Lowell, 
Mass. , schools. 

— W. H. Stump is teaching again in public schools of 
Tecumseh. Mich. He has been itinerating through Mich- 
igan and Ohio for several months. 

— Miss A. Eva Hill is Supvr. of Writing and Drawing 
in the public schools of South Bend, Ind, 

luth public schools. Miss Keller has made child study a 
specialty, and is full of practical ideas and methods of 
teaching. Her contributions have appeared in The Jour- 

WelUKnown Supervisors. 


Miss Lucy E. Keller, Supervisor of Writing, Duluth, 
Minn., was educated in the Chicago public schools. She 
cadeted for one year with M. E. Swayze, the Supervisor 
in Muskegon, Mich., for fourteen years. During the 
winter term she taught penmanship and bookkeeping in 
the Muskegon High School. For three years she filled the 
position as teacher of writing and bookkeeping in the 
Grand Haven, Mich., public schools. Following this she 
served a short term as teacher of bookkeeping in Akeley 
College, a school for girls. About this time she made some 
experiments in primary drawing. In 1891 she accepted 
her present position as Supervisor of Writing in the Du- 

NAL in the past, and we have some excellent things from 
her pen which we hope to present at an early date. Miss 
Keller has been experimenting with vertical writing and 
finds it quite a success. Duluth and many much smaller 


WeeU-rn tovros have f et an example tbat bundreds of Ejk&t- 
era cities might well emulate — engaged a first class writer 
aod teacher — one who knows somethtog about methods — to 
take charge of the writing in the public schools. 


land and the Yellowstone National Park. The caases 
of geysers, so far as they are known, will be found 
explained in physical geographies and other scien- 
tific works. 

In drawing Geysers, it will be well to remember 
that the ascending curves will be more or leas para- 
bolic. The descending curves would be so also, except 
for the breaking up of the water in tpray and foam. 
Fig. 2 represents the Giantess in the Yellowstone 
National Park. Different portions of the column of 
water seem to be impelled by five different degrees 
of force, forming spray at different heights, Fig. "^ 
shows the Beehive of the same park, in action. Htre 
the whole column seems to thrown up by a single im- 
pulse. The drawing of either of these will try the 
skill of the student as to his delicacy of handling. 
Study the meaning of each mark. Indiscriminate 
scratching over the paper will prove a failure. 

Whirlwinds, water-spouta and tornadoes are 
essentially of the same nature, but differing in 
dimensions and other minor points. Us lally at the 
liPK'tiDi"?* black cloud is seen to cover the sky, 
from which projects downward a form resembling 
an inverted cone, as seen in Fig. 1. When over the 
sea the spiral movement of the cloud as it descends 
sets the sea in motion, which becomes heaped up 
and united with the descending cone. When on 
bind the tornado, where it touches theeartli, wrecks 
buildinj^H, destroys crops and forest trees with the 
greatest apparent ease. Fragments of buildings and 
tTfes are frequently carried for miles through tlie 
flir before being freed from the grasp of the whirl- 
ing column of cloud. The position of the whirling 
cone is usually vertical, but sometimes slanting or 
irregularly curved. The direction of the spiral 



No. 6. 

Our Mfidi J'urpostt in Each Lesson. 

70. — A Journal reader writes asking if she is to 
understand that we do not believe in special writing 
lessons, lessons in which the whole thought and at- 
tpntion of the pupil should be given to writing alone. 
I thought I had made this matter quite clear. We 
believe every lesson should have one main purpose. 
Sometimes it will be reading, or geography, or com- 

J 1 



movement in the United States is invariably op- 
posite to the movement of the hands of a clock or a 

Fi(?. 1 represents a waterspout before it has de- 
sceniled to tlie t-iirth or sea, or after it has departed. 
It should be represented as a solid spiral body and 
(jnite dark. 

Geysers are among the most curious and interest- 
ing water phenomena of the earth. The most re- 
markable examples are fonnd in Iceland. New Zea- 

position. but in a proper correlation of studies sev- 
eral purposes may be subordinate. For example, take 
the line of script, "Tell the time, please," for a 
writing lesson. How many lines of interesting 
suggestion run out from this sentence with its 
accompanying illustrations. Are the children able 
to tell the time by a watch or clock ? If not, is not 
this a good tipie to give a brief lesson ? At least two 
or three suggestions in that direction. Do yon not 
think if the teacher before starting a class to practice 
this line were to have a brief talk to the class about 
the hands of a watch or clock, where they should 
Jjoint when they start tor school, or about the Roman 
and Arabic numerals, they would take more interest 
in the lesson than if the line read : " Please time the 
tell." which would be equally as sensible as 90 per 
cent, of the copies given for youngpupils to practice. 
71. — All true teachers know that if the children 
are keenly interested in the lesson, if thought has 
been strongly stimulated, if new ideas are related 
to previous knowledge, then the practice is always 
healthful and strengthening, but if there is a lack of 
interest of those conditions necessary for proper ap- 
preciation, as most be the case when a child is asked 
to practice stupid, meaningless words and exercises, 
how dull, mechanical and unprofitable must be the 
time spent in the so-called writing lesson. 

Second Year I*upUs.—Type Forma of lAittem. 

72.— This plate will also indicate the size and 
kind of copy writing we nse and recommend for 
second year pupils. In this grade we retain the 
print form of s for all combinations, but the small/ 
we modify with a loop at the top, except when it is 
the initial letter in a word. The straight line capital 
" T," as a copy, will doubtless be subject to some 
criticism. ' As with all the capital letters we have in 
our classes made tests with almost every known 
form of letter, and this form of T is not only the 
easiest to teach and the fastest form to write, but it 
readily lends itself to various modifications accord- 
ing to the individuality of the pnpils, and yet is al- 

ways unmistakably capital T. I have shown here a 
few of the forms developed by some of the children 
in our schools from practice on this style of copy. 

Angularity of Form (ItKen Slrenglh and Freedom. 

73. -Some of the visitors to our schools have com- 
mented on the squareness, the angularity of forms, 
shown in the writing of many of our pupils, espe- 
cially those of the primary grades. Now, it is well 
known that in the best schools of art, when teaching 
drawing from the cast, it is the practice to block out 
the drawings in strong, angular lines to secure 
strength and freedom in handling. Afterward 
these are softened down in the shading. As the 
finished drawings show the advantage of this method 
of blocking, so will the formed handwriting show by 
its strtngth and character the result of similar prac- 
tice in writing. To illustrate Ihis point I secured 
the accompanying diawings of the cast of Apollo by 
Mr. Chas. E. Wrenshall, a gold medalist of the On- 
tario School of Art and principal of the Kingston 
Art School. Pupils who have dfficnlty in getting 
the forms of the small letters, especially the m and 
u forms, are given Eqaare copies similar to the word 
"man." The letter ■'?/" shown in the line "Bees 
can say buzz" in the April number of The Journal, 
and the letter " g" in the heading for these articles 
and in a copy line in the May number of The Jour 
NAL have never to my knowledge been given before 
in a copy for learners. 

Frartieal Writitm Jtather Than Cojty Booh Style. 

74.— Oat of a package of over one hundred let- 
ters from penmen and school teachers all but two 
make the first part of the " y" sharp instead of the 
round turn, as shown in all other copies, There is 
no reason why the copy should not be made as it is 
written in practical work. The turn does not make 
the letter more legible, and it is certainly not as 
easily written. As for the letter "3" we have con- 
siderable opposition to using it in oar copies, but the 
opposition has always given away after the reasons 
and evidence m favor of its use have been produced. 
One person was converted after looking over several 
packages of business letters on his tiles, finding it 
used in nearly every letter, and on looking over his 
own copy found he frequently used it himself. A 
New York business man also expressed his doubt as 
to the propriety of using it in copies, but on turning 
to one of his bookkepers at hand found he used it 
exclusively. While it has never been countenanced 
by chirographic authorities we find it generally used 
in business. As sloping writing is based on italic 
forms there is some reason for using the " q" form 
modified with a loop, but in vertical writing there 
is no excuse for it. Our form of -g" is much 
faster than the "5" form, and it is a direct modifi- 
cation of the Roman lower case letter. 

75 —Some readers of The Journal will be more 
or less surprised and disappointed at not finding in 
these articles any of the cut and minced and dried 
directions for specific practice on special letter 
foriDS, movement exercises, etc. It will not require 
much consideration to see that such empirical di- 
rections do not in any way help a genuine teacher, 
and for those who feel themselves dependent upon 
them they only weaken and so perpetuate the evil. 
The object of these articles is to present the under- 
lyinf; principles of the art of writing and to leave it 
to each teacher to develop his own special methods 
in accordance with his conception of the fundamen- 
tal principles and his individuality as a teacher. 

Is This You ? 

Draw these figures on the board, in the presence of 
the class. Introduce them as Mr. Straight and Mr. 
Crooked. Which one do you like? Describe Mr. 
Straight, with appropriate action by the class. He 
has his feet flat on the floor. He doesnot lean on the 
desk. His arm rests are on the edge. His pencil 
points to shoulder. Do not look at Mr. Crooked. 
Class takes position for writing like Mr. Straight. 
When the class is out of order, call attention to Mr. 
Straight. He is up there yet. He never turns around. 
He keeps at work. Mr. Crooked makes his letters 

this way 

Mr. Straight's letter, '^f^ 

Why is one so much longer, although both are 
two spaces below baseline? He could not sit up 
straight himself, and could not make his letter 

Use a gymnastic exercise of moving body forward 
and back without bending at waist. Forward 
straight. Eyes directed on high. The teacher should 
take a chair and show how Mr. Straight sat up in 
his chair. Class place hand behind, making waist 
hollow. Other hand on chest, and take a long breath. 

Send Mr. Crooked home by rubbing him out. He 
is not wanted. 

Wonder if Mr. Straight is absent to-day from class? 

The teacher could make use of these little figures 
for five or ten lessons, then try something else. 
(Miss) Lucy E. Keller, 


Do Girls Learn Quicker than Boys? 

Editor of The Journal ; 

lu your comments regarding the specimens submitted in 
the recent Public School contest you gave emphasis to the 
fact that the large ina;jority of the best specimens came 
from the girls. I am glad attention has been directed 
toward this, and have been waiting aud hoping to hear 
opinions from more experienced teachers than myself rela- 
tive to the subject in question. 

In reply to your request for the cause of this, I will sub- 
mit my theories : That a number of the boys do not im- 
prove as rapidly as the girls under the same instruction 
is a fact, and has been evidenced in the work submitted 
from so many rliflerent Supervisors. It has been one point 
that has troubled me ever sin e I began teaching, and I 
have given the subject much thought, and have worked 
for improvement along this hne. 

The first opinion I would venture as fco the cause or 
causes of the boys being unable (for I think this is true) to 
execute as well as the girls, is owing to their manner of 
life outside of school. Many of them perform manual 
labor to some extent, but this exerts a lesser influence, per- 
haps, than their outdoor sports and games, particularly 
ball playing, etc. Their hands become hard, the muscles 
of the same tough and unyielding, which result is decidedly 
detrimental to the careful, controlled motion or movement 
so necessary to the execution of good penmanship. With 
girls their work and games ore very much lighter, their 
hands more tender, muscles more flexible, and as a conse- 

quence the sooner and easier brought into subjection and 
their movements controlled. 

Another theory I would advance regarding the cause of 
the girls excelling is, that until they reach the higher 
grades they are usually taught by lady teachers, the larger 
amount of instruction is often conducted by these same 
teachers, even if there be a supervisor of peumanship. lady 
or gentleman. With the girls often this teacher is to them 
a model of perfection. They imitate her, have the utmost 
conHdence in all that she does and says, hence as a result 
they are the more submissive and are more easily guided 
and directed in the right way by her. In this particular 
the boy differs, because he does not pattern after the lady 
instructor, but his ideal (if he his one) is his father, older 
brother, or perhaps some business man of prominence, and 
if they are not very good penmen, which in all probability 
is the case, then the boy does not care so much to excel in 
this particular branch, but often when they do desire to, 
they may be unable with the same amount of practice to 
do quite as well because of the Hrst cause I have mentioned 

I have this year some boys who are doing admirably and 

are leading in their respective classes in penmanship. They 

may be exceptions, but I am inclined to believe they do not 

join very much in the games with their fellow classmates. 

Anna M. Hall, 

Teacher Penmanship and Drawing, Malta, Ohio. 


Put llii* Stovepipe tit till- Other End. 

"That stove," began the customer with deadly calmness, 
" you sold me last week as an ' art stove,' I believe i " 

" Yes," admitted the dealer. " Isn't it i " 

"It doesn't know any more about art than a hog does 
about Sunday." 

"Eh? What?" 

" I say it doesn't know the first thing about art. I 
haven't tried it on painting yet, but it can't draw worth a 


On Ihe Right Track. 

"What are you doing, Freddie?" said the painfully 
smart boy's uncle. 
" Drawing pictures on my slate." 
"What is this supposed to represent ?" 
" A locomotive." 

" But why didn't you draw the cars ! '• 
" Why— er— the locomotive draws the cars." 

A Leaf from Experience. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal : 

Having read with interest the late discussions pro and con 
in Tbe Journal concerning Vertical Writing, and think- 
ing that a word from one who has had a long office ex- 
perience will not be amiss, I venture to intrude upon your 
time for a moment. While, in my opinion, it cannot take 
the place of writing on the regular slant, so far as grace 
and beauty, and even speed and legibility, are concerned, 
yet I find it of practical use iu various ways, such as flUing 
shipping cards and tags, writing in memorandum books 
made of coarse paper, and in all ca?es where the surface to 
b« written upon does not admit of work with a fine or 
elastic pen. The greatest difficulty that I have with it is to 
maintain a nearly uniform slant. I use a straight holder 
of large size, held in the regular way, a coarse pen, and 
keep tbe paper in the same position as in ordinary slant, 
moving my elbow from the side sufficiently to form an 
obtuse angle with Bhe paper. 

I use the muscular movement. 

This letter is written with a fair degree of rapidity and 
without special care. [The writing bears out this assertion, 
and is very legible and pleasing as to form.— Ed. Jour- 
nal.] I find that for me the above mentioned position of 
the hand and pdn is more satisfactory than to hold the pen 
between the first and second fingers. I also ollow the hand 
to roll from tbe body a little. L. C. Vannah. 

WiN6Low's Mills, Me. 


an evening's reflections by d. w. hoff. 

If there is anything which exhausts me physically or 
ignites me mentally, it is when conducting an exercise for 
the first time with a class, and having brought to its feet 
the last hand in the room, to convince a teacher that will 
power and method will accomplish that — to have that 
teacher point to a hand never before known to stand, and 
remark in tbe hearing of every pupU present, " Well, you 
see his letters are horrid." As if a child who had never 
taken the initial step in correct movement could be ex- 
pected to jump into a ready made movement capable of 
immediate control. One might as reasonably expect a 
child who had never learned to skate to launch out with 
precision and grace across the ice with his untrained 
movements under control. 

How a fly will crawl all over a sound apple, not stopping 


until he reaches the little speck where decay has set in ! 
How some teachers, with the best of intentions, too, can be 
so blind to the fundamental principles and processes in ex- 
ecution, seeing no farther than the immediate record of the 
pupil's motion, is, at times, beyond my comprehension. 
How her remark must chill the courage of the pupil who 
has summoned all his energies to accomplish an act which 
he has been told is the first step in the direct! )n of good 
writing. How totally lacking iu good judgment is that 
teacher. How can she expect the pupil to even have the 
requisite faith in the ultimate result necessary for an earnest 
effort, after he has once overheard her upon whose judg- 
ment he should rely, express her conviction that he could 
not do it well with his hand in the correct position or with 
the correct movement; A true tearher, whose pupils have the 
couroge to succeed, never tells them that they ore unable to 
do a task assigned them. 

Another bit of inexcusable heresy is that of the teacher 
who during Ibe writing period preaches and demands cor- 
rectness 111 the manner of execution, yet during the writing 
of general exercises either ignores or tolerates such habits 
of doing as will effectually destroy the good effects of her 
hard toil during the writing hour or who by dictating 
some exercise in language work at a rate even beyond the 
easy reach of the most skillful writer forces him into mere 

Pupils should be made to realize that thero is hut one 
right way to write, and that th» only way to learn to write 
right is to wriU right right along. 

Current Press Comments on Vertical 

I do not know when I have been so pleased with the 
immediate results of a new method and have seen so few 
difficulties to combat in eitablishing it. My own class 
(second vear children) is takiug it up with ease and doing 
rery well. They like it, and seem themselves to under- 
stand its advantages. One little girl told me this week 
that she " liked the new writing because she could see the 
spelling words on Alice's slate as easy as print, and then 
she knew if hers were right ! " 

I have seen many times such beautiful and uniform work 
with pencil and then such a " slump " for a year or so 
while the child was learning to use the pen. Sometimes I 
think I would like to try the experiment of beginning 
writing the eighth month of the school year, and theu 
teaching the use of the pen before the shapes of the 

The slate and pencil are not the tools the child will use 
— after his three yeais in the primary school — and are we 
logical in teaching him to write at all, before we give him 
the proper tools and teach him the right way to use them ? 
—Mabel L. Brown in Primary Education. 

It has been advocatf d by vertical writers that a certain 
hygienic position is absolutely necessary for vertical writ- 
ing ; thus implying that an unhygienic position must be 
taken in slant writing. We state emphatically, there- 
fore, that the difference between vertical and slant writ- 
ing is not one of position, but simply onf of direction of 
movement^ and the only hygienic consideration to be ad- 
mitted is the very doubtful one of possible harm to the 
eyesight in writing and reading slant forms, and the very 
certain one of ease and comfort to the eyes in reading 
the legible vertical sciipt. 

Now for the practical results of vertical writing in tbe 
Woodward College. VVe began practicing this in October, 
spending from twenty to thirty minutes each day, and 
never in all my teaching of slant writing was I able to at- 
tain such generally good results as I have attained in the 
past few months' practice in vertical writing. 

We also find that the vertical writers are the more 
rapid, aud at the same time their writing is the more 

Discussion is invited. We are anxious for more light on 
the subject, but should prefer discussion from those who 
are ready to substantiate their theories by the results of 
experiment in both methods. — W. A. MoPHKRaoir In 
Cotorado School Journal. 

While I am not convinced that the system of vertical 
writing is superior to that in general use, I believe that an 
experiment shculd be made in our public schools in order 
that an intelligent opinion may be formed on the subject. 
This experiment should be made with great care, 
system of the future f Well, my own personal opin 
that the result of Ihe matter