Skip to main content

Full text of "Penman's Art Journal"

See other formats



^,<^^ cr>^, 






Copyright, 1S86, Bj- ixiES & Rollixsox Co. 


Latest Invention Of The 

Steel Pens 

.liilr. 18B0. 
Ausaal, 1S93. 

For the VERTICAL STYLE of Penmanship. 

Four points: Extra fine, fine, medium and broad. One each will 
be sent, postpaid, on receipt of 4 cents in stamps. 

SPENCERIAN PEN CO., 450 Broome St., New York. 




J7 i^ * # # QUALITY 


Scnil 2 cent stamp for sample card 
of School and (■oramcrcial Tens 


100 WiHiam Street, New York. 

To Write Well 



Al Professional Pen. 

For a fine elastic pen it is tinex 
celled, the penman's favorite. 

Also makers of the celebrated Falcon 
Pen No. 048. 

Out of their 150 other styles writers 
cannot fail to be suited. 

Ask your stationer for them. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co.. 

26 John St.. New York. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, .1:1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), tontainiug the e.ssen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price, $1.00 


CORRESPONDENCE RetaU price, .$1.00 

With proper discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St., New York. 

The Goodyear Commercial Series. 


Mutual Friends, 

ZTHAT is what you and Powers" books should 
be. 'Tis true you are not -strangers, for if 
you do not know each other personally, you 
at least know of these books by reputation, and 
you know //tai reputation to be the very best. 
We guarantee them to improve on acquain- 
tance, and. that the longer vou use thcni^the 
better you will like them. 

Start the New Year .... 

by introducing them to your classes. In return 
they will befriend you by lightening your 
labors and that of your teachers, interesting 
vour pupils and earning for your school a re])- 
utation for good, thorough work. What more 
can you ask from any books ? 

Write for specimen pages and full infor- 
mation, also for rates on all blank forms, such 
as notes, drafts, checks, receipts, &c. 


7 Monroe St., Chicago. 

We make a specialty of Publications for Business Practice 
and Office Training. 

Our new Inter-Communication Business Practice is pronounced 
the finest system of practice ever published. 

We print over two hundred varieties of Business College Stationery. 
For Catalogue of our publications address 


J76 to 380 West nadison Street, Chicago. 

The Wonderful Curved Tubular Feeder 

Is one of the feature-, that noes m mrilie u|i that perfcctiuii »f writiri'.; implements 


THE PARKER PEN CO., 100 mhi St., j.nesvriie. wi. 


Automatic Shading Pen 

J. W. STOAKBS, nanul»cturc 

inr ^ 





tUrtlrl ond uniform letti-riQK: a Brest many dlntloct and brilliant shades, formlntt a comhlnai 

■..|..r- III ii . iiitiMt I,. ^'l In hournby tne most exftprt sign writers by any other process 

r i>f this pen by making specimens, bat twnds. sign wrItlUK. 

■ i-olont at sInKle stroke). Na 

waterproof.: Black. blue.Breon.^^lnk. brown, wd. yellow. OTav«e.Qao\i.^^-\ 


y U-tlerlliK Outllt«, Alpb.i 

H'ltb adheslvi 

-.KM) lOH I'HICK-l.IST. 



i. BUrlrr'K 1'. T. in I 

ichoianhip, any Dep'l, 

nual. Cloth, i 

o'lv. 1 

la. I2/J. 1 yr. 

r ada 

y. Bfautifyd Diploma, IftxlP. urai. 

'2. no 

I. Mail Coumr , pen vop\ 
,'. Bfauti/ul Dlplom 
H. All. Outftf. bringn 

MlahovrH ItcniH for «1. PohUkp 
rrceive I*uhHraHonti. Sciiil 81 o«/y. 
ami vulualilf Ranipl«'H trv*: Vour uanie. pleaoe. 


181 otily. Full de.Ht-rlptl 

Copy Books 


06 Fulton St.. New Vork. 



eail penman. fVes* from lltr pen. 

F. W. Tamblyn. Peiiuiiin. 


;.:^ $50 


• ,^f^]Y -""■■-.: 

»'e"< ■>.-•■»» »"hor. 

;■ i>| .^. 

(<(irly iiiikdc waNli<-B niitl 

^■■^ ' I ■ l,.,l 

iiigcM or broken (llgbuB. 

tli« ncighborfi. seUx on 

'■■•"""■""> "•■"•' "l« '■■"■• 

I li 23) Columbus, Oblo. 

Toland's m 




Syatctnatle luiitruetlon. 

^"Xj^'/*" \ 

with Illustrations, sbow. ^ 


1 UK how to form ^( 

WOO Script Comtlnattons. ^ 

Only Uutruetlon of the 

^.^v — "^^ 

kind ever puliUshed. C. 

.^^'^ — -^ 

Il> ii.nil.i.'i.-. .K.ldr.w, 


The " Lawyer and Credit Man 
and Financial-Trade-Press Re- 
view " covers the field of credits, 
commercial law, banking and 
general business. Every busi- 
ness college should see that 
its students read it. Send lo 
cents for sample copy. 


Times Bldg.. N. Y. City. 


Contains four ru 
iroof mothodK i 
AHlger, and how 

culations natl tur 

Trial Balances. 

I needs. Free cousiiltallou t<» all pnrch, 

■s ami sborl CuU lu Flgun-saml Bi«ikkeopluK." wliU-li explrUn 

<utv systems used lu poatlUK and locAtlne et-mrs In TrUit tUxUxta 

s In any ledger or number of ledgers In the world. Gives s<H-(t< 

" , In Sales Leitger, Eastern Ledp-r, or t;eii 

■ ■ ' - "■ -x tho shorU'sl Inti'i ' 

„ fro ■■ ■ 

T-xin !»eudluK us better rules for calculating Interest 

lur present svstem of keeping books ? If not. let us send you a ai>t of the lat«at 
consisting of General Led<or. Sales Ledger. Eastern Ledger. Canli Rook Journal 
- ith Instructions so plain that uu3' onllnary bookket»uer can adapt them to 
"v uslnntliese books you redueo the labor In iMwltkoop- 

Merits of the New Labor Sales Ledgers, and Systematic Arrangement of Accounts. 

nade In a few mln 

eral Trial Balance 

Posting may bt* continued at any 
The additions and balance* of evi 
If an error has been made lu post 

? without Interfering with making a trial balance. 
ami- of 11 li'dirT nmy be proved Instantly. 

r trial balances. Complei 

H Klelnhansft Co., Buffalo. N. V. 

letlier a debit or credit o 

h- York, Clilcatjo and all large cities of America, vi 

Mabley & Carew Co.. Cincinnati. O. 

Address L. COMINGOR, Manager 

LCh. Shrlner & tTrner, Rockland, 1 

Prnciicnl Itookkeepln 
l.OI ISVIl.l.l-., K V. 


Offers Superior Advantages for Leartilng 

To WRITE, to DRA W and to TEACH. 

Both class and individual instruction is given b)' leading 

The latest methods are presented in writinij, drawing 
and teaching. 

Our pupils are in demand and secure places as soon as 
competent to fill them. 

Do you want a pacing position ? Then prepare for one 
and you will get it. 

You can learn how to prepare by sending for a sample 
copy {free) of the 

^^ -__ _ Have you tried my 

bee Here I ••^"'»«- - °'«"'->°<' 

Gloss Ink ? If you have 


6s North Ctark Street, ■ CHICAQO. ILL. 


Epilome ol 


I hiivo about ono hundred of my Epitomes of 
Penmanship left, out of the Hrst edition, and 
am Kolug to ch)se them out tor only 45 cents 
eneh, postage pnid. 

The Epitome whs gotten uj) to inspire young 
penmen to greater efforts. The copies (25 in all, 
size. ^ X H inches) are among the most bold and 
dnshy ever engraved. There is a book of general 
instructions, telling, among other things, how 
to make one thousand dollars or more a year 
out of card writing; how to make penmanship 
pay: how to engross a set of resolutions, etc. 
Over oue thousiind have l)ocn sold to profesaiona] 
penmen throughout the T'nited States at Sl-"0 
each, and hundreds of letters of praise h 
been received 

Those who wish to secure a copy of this work 
will do well to order at once, as this advertise- 
ment will not appear again. For one dollar I 
will send the Epitome, complete, and the Pen- 
man's Akt JorHNAi, one year. Address 



:i write oue tentli as qulekly as It Is now made possllili 
I pa«es a mluute. Hundredth eonv equal to first doue w 

Hundredtfi eonv equal to first doue with pen.Jjeuell or typewriter. Fr. 
DlirLICATOR CO.. Room «3, .53 Snnanu St.. New Vor 

Ri=Ker's 40 Rules 

The rapidly lorreaslng deniaiul for this popular book tia\ fcllpsi'd all <- x jtectatlons. 


here are adoptlnK tln'se valuable rules for their own special benefit. Some are so well pleased with 
these |iractl(-al rules that they order copies sent to particular friends. 

12iicitiacc Mon acknowledge the Immense amount of labor saved In a year by this 
DUdlUCdO iUCXl progressive system and Uislst that their bookkeeper shull have It. 


t It at the earliest possible moment, eon In- 

?the labor on his Trial Bala 

order to-day and begin the ii 

9 worth to his employer by using Rl-Ker's 40 Rules.' 
V year to the best possible a 

H. E. Ri=Ker, 


165 Lincoln Avenue, 

Cleveland, Ohio. 


ruled, wide ruled or unruled. $1.40 ; s reams at 
J1.30 per ream. AMES & R0LLIN50N CO.. aoj 
Broadway, New York. 




A reveLition to Teachers, 
All inspiration to Students. 

Highest endorsement of leading Educators and SpecialistH. Prononnced by 
hnndreds of teachers who have nsed it as the best ever published for public schoole. 
Examine it. Parts I. II. Ill and IV. 1.5 cents each. Parts V and VI, 20 cents each. 
The six parts to any teacher 80 cents. 

Special Introduction Rates to Schools. 


Southwestern Publishing: House, - - - 

Nashville, Tenn. 

' ^"^^ "^°^ ' ' ' ' "The Standard" 

The National Drawing Course. 


Imlruilor in Iht Masiachusilli Kormal Art Schcol and in Iht School of Drawing 
and Painting, Mustum of Flnt Arts, Boston. 


Free-Hand Drawing, 

■ pages. Fully illustrated 

nmo. Cloth 
For introduction. So cents. 
Mechanical Drawing, . lamo. Cloth. 197 pages, no drawings and 28 plates. 
For introduction, Si.oo. 

Color Study, ismo. Cloth. 73 pages. Fully illustrated. 

For introduction, 60 cents. 


Outline of Drawing Lessons for Primary Grades, 

For introduction, jo cents. 

Outline of Drawing Lessons for Qrammar Grades, 

For introduction, 30 cents. 

. Cloth. 49 pages. 
, Cloth, 57 pages. 


Primary Drawing Copies. (For three lowest grades.! 

Size, 713 X 9M inches. Printed on both sides. In sets of 
For introduction. 10 cents. 


One book each for the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th years of school. 

For introduction, $1.80 per dozen. 







Is the thing by which others are compared and tested. 

'^^ Remington 

Is, and always has been, the Criterion of Excellence for Writing- 

I yv Mo 

Is the latest mark of progress set for others to aim at. 




Descriptive Circulars sent to any address. 

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicago, Atlanta. 


327 Broadway, New York, 

What the Teachers Say 

Not the Publishers., 

'riic most remarkable endorsement ever given an educational work. What the Search Light of E.xperience 

has demonstrated for 


and retult 

II. ». (joldpy, I'rin., Wilmlniitc 

"It ontbusi'8 students; i» i 

V. T. nillIcT« Priu., Newark, X. J. 

" Unbounded enthusiasm prevnils where apathy was pre- 
viously iiiBnIfeatcd. The character of the wofk doue i3 
W. II. niorlnrty. Prtu.. Boston. MnsB. 

" Our Htudeuts are more interested than ever before." 
A. Brrkrr. Prtn., Worcester, MAfls. 
' The pupil bi>come8intort>sted from the start, and that iu- 
tortwt grow** lis thi? work i>ri.)^resses. The busine^ presents 

K. <\ 

itself uatm-ally. It i 

aiigod in clear and coiiciselanguage. 


have adopted it tu the excli 
K. B. nriMlford. Prill.. lloHt 

"It pr 

The minds of the pupils expand and develop under its ''• «• t'kieken, Sprinirneld. III. 

E. A 

O. W. Willi 

"It ism. 
I have eve 

W. C. Bucki 


should introduce it s 

gratifying to the 

ny other system Hir 

nd unappreciative 

D. MnNB. 

.. , ions to be recorded 

actual practice of the counting rooiu 

possible in the 

four or five using the old 

echool t 
C. B. WUIInrd, Prin.. Ilornellit 

" Mv students have made moi 
in three months than any student i 

W. A. rhllllpH. Prln., St. Thomna 

"The most practical system evei 
Palmer <ldetiwel<lrr. Allrntown. Pa. 

'It is a marvel of ingenuity and industry, the King 


« and fully meets tue demands of the t 

iug of ^ 

Kinmn A. Tibblls. Prin.. Snip 

" I tested the work with ai 
nothing further to convince 

, Mn 

P. S. Brown, Prin., Hnnons City, Itto. 

" I have tried it. adopted it. and now know I have the bent I 
course 0/ study attainable," ' 

B. B. CSumford, Supt.. CRmden, \. J. . 

" We need experiment no longer. Your system oneets all I 

J. J. Bryant. PreH< 

■"So long as learning to i 

that long will the Sadler Sy; 

H. C. rimer. Prin.. York, Pa. 

" It is unquestionably the twentieth century method. 

A.J. Scbistiler, PreH., Norrislnn-n, Pa. 

" The work is ideal from first t" last, vi 
UQtism that tends to enthuse the student 1 

P. Rimer, Prin., St. I.oniB, M 

"Our students are filled 
throughout the whole course. 

before the American publit 

flth delight and enthusiasm 

1 in every particular now 

) understand ingly and with a greater degree of iieat- 

, Hoftkin. Sec. Toronto. Ont. 

" The system is certainly an ideal c 
the "Royal road to accounting." 

.and might be termed 

7. H. Barrett. Ailaniic, Iowa. 

"Its very uniqueness and practicability enth us 
and produces work superior to that of any o 
have ever used and in much less time." 
. C. Bailey. PHn„ Mannyunk. Pbila., Pa. 

> all looking for 

th a practical mag- I C R. McCullousb, Hamilton, Ont. 

3 lofty ambition." "Isaw from the start the system had in it the breath of 

' life, and this was equally evident to the student who showed 

I such interest in the improved course of study as to rcduc« 

itudent I that feeling of tension which has been experienced by oU 


recommend the system \ 

* practice from the start ' work. 

efforts. The subject is entirely developpcl l)y inducti 
soniug and philosophical thought processes." 

-nt forth his beat 

Drop us a postal and we will mail you a little pamphlet containing all these and many more letters from those who are 
using the S.idler System, which will convince you that it possesses extraordinary merit and is superior to any other system 
ever published. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher 1 and 3 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 


t....^';;^^^7^^ L^^^iffi-i>^^>gg^ (S^^ 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 


Xo. 1. 

Uy Way 0/ Introduction. 

In assumlnj; the responsibility of preparing a 
coarse of lessons tor the readers of The Penman's 
Art Journal. I believe I realize to the fullest ex- 
tent the importance of the work to be done. It is 
my earnast purpose to outline u course of work that 
will prove Iwneflcial to all those desirous of changing 
from a poor handwriting to one that has a market 
value, and to those who have a fair style of writing, 
but are not satisfied with it. But bear in mind that 
this nor any otber series of lessons is of any conse- 
quence to persons who only read them over, or judge 
of the merits of the lessons by the appmmnce of the 
copies. These lessons are for the persons who have 
enough vitality and ambition to subscribe for The 
Journal, and when they get it lay out a vigorous 
campaign of study and practice. We want persons 
full of pusli and energy who are willing to give 
some time and labor these long winter evenings to 
learning to write. You can do it. Don't sit around 
wishing you were a good writer and saying you can 
never learn to write, and that good writers arc bvni 
so; i.e., that (tod has blessed a few people with the 
ability to write, and if you are not so blessed it 
would be contrary to the laws of nature for you to 
learn tn write well. It you have thought such a 
thing. I imjdore you to give it up at once. We may 
not all be able to reach the high artistic throne of 
fame occupied by Spencer, Flickinger. Zaner. Ma- 

darasz. and scores of other chirographic electric 
lights, but we can all get a good practical style of 

Thr KxtcnHala o/ BiisOkik niillng. 

What kind ot a handwriting do we need to be 
valuable in the great rush of business these days 
when man has harnessed lightning '/ It you were 
called upon by some business man to address 3,000 
envelopes and make out as many bills and get them 
out in a hurry, as a large amount of money must be 
raised in a few days to meet an imexpected obliga- 
tion (of course if you send the bills you can get the 
money), what kind ot writing would be necessary V 

Without waiting for yom- reply. I will state the 
two all-important things your writing should pos- 
sess. First, it would be very neces-sary that these 
envelopes and bills be so that everybody concerned 
in them could read them. This we call legibiliti/. 
Second, it would be necessary on your part that it 
be done rapidly. This we call .vimJ. Legibility uud 
spreti. Is it possible yon only lack two things ot 
possessing a good style ot writing •; It seems so. In 
order to have speed, we must be able to move the 
himd and jwn easily. This we call movement. 
Many of you have seen a man mowing grass with a 
sc>-the. You know he swings the scythe, then steps 
forward, then swings the scythe, then steps forward, 
etc. Well, that was good enough until we got 
something better. When we got the mowing ma- 
chine we could start at one side ot the field and go 


across to the other side if necessary without stop- 
ping. Now the man who writes with the fingers 
only is like the man and the scythe — keeps starting 
and stopping all the way across the paper. The man 
who can sN^-ing the forearm — /.('., the hand and arm 
from the elbow — can sweep across the paper as the 
keen cutting mower cuts his swath from side to side. 

J Word iW(fc T/iose Who'Exiicct to follow thia 

Now if you desire to do anything with these les- 
sons you must first fully decide to do it. 

Right at the beginning I desire the earnest co- 
operation of the thousands who are about to take up 
the lessons. No course ot writing, no matter how 
meritorious it is, or how well planned, can benefit 
you unless you make a steady, continuous effort to 

I. We can't do good work with poor tools. It this 
course of lessons is worth following, it is worth get- 
ting good paper, pens and ink. Get a good straight 
penholder with a cork tip. it you can get it. Be 
sure you do not try to work with a little slender 
holder. Avoid metallic holders. Use medium coarse 
pens ; avoid using very fine pens or stub pens. Get 
some good black ink; don't make some of indigo or 
some similar substance. Next get a good supply of 
paper. I would suggest legal cap, as it folds at the 
end and will prove more satisfactory than paper 
that folds at the side. Take about fifteen sheets 
and make a copy-book by sewing the folds at the 
end. This is to be kept for xiwciiiieii irork. Now 
have a good supply of loose paper to be used tor 



master every detail of the course. I believe many a 
good series of . lessons has proved a failure because 
the copies were not thoroughly mastered. Don't 
just work on the copies that look the prettiest. The 
sweetest flavored medicine is not always what cures. 
While the exercises are given for practice, and 
should be practiced and practiced until you almost 
wear them out, if that is possible— until you can 
close your eyes and just roll them off, no amount of 
incorrect practice will bring about the desired result. 
The entire trend of these lessons will be toward de- 
velopment ot an easy, legible, plain and rapid stylf^ " 
of writing. The copies are not intended for the 
critical eye that expects every copy to be a duplicate 
of the copper plate engi-aver's work. They are sup- 
posed to be just what I think the pupil should follow. 
To all those who will faithfully follow this course 
of instruction I can promise ample improvement. 
To those who only practice the copic.'< without 
doing a great deal of thinking on the instructions 
given I cannot promise anything, nor do I care to 
be given the credit tor the results thus obtained. 

practice paper. If you have followed these sugges- 
tions you are ready tor business. ,_,, ^i, i 

The rirnt .Stcji. 

2. We are now ready to take the first step of the 
work, which is to tni in the arm and hand to glide 
the pen over the paper in any direction you desire to 
go. It will be necessary to assume an easy position 
with brjth arms resting lightly on the table. See 
that the elbow of the right arm extends three or tonr 
inches off the edge ot the table. Avoid the habit of 
pushing the elbows out from the body and dropping 
the breast down to the edge of the table. Now place 
the hand, arm and pen as nearly like the illustration 
as you can. Notice where the entire weight of the 
arm rests at A. Notice how the hand is steadied on 
the little finger and the one next to it. See how 
they are turned back under the hand. See how the 
holder is held between the first and second finger 
and thumb. All the fingers should be curved a lit- 
tle. If the holder points in the direction ot the right 
shoulder you have about the best position for good 

fsU^' tyaiman^Q:^W>(lXtUAjiiS 

work. Don't icork any joint hut the elbow and 
Mhoulder join t$. 

Ttif Ftrirt Hx^rrUr. 

3. Yon will finr] by moving the hand around as 
yon wonld in rolling a marble uniler it that the pen 
makes a circolar motion like the first and simplest 
exercise. In making it see that the fingers turned 
back nnder the band swing with each motion of the 
pen. Bear in mind that the chief object in this ex- 
ercise is to help you gain the ability to swing the 
hand iiilhout uurkiny ttie JinyiTS. Make them about 
the size of the copy at first and go round and zoxmA 
until each circle ijets black : not by pressing on the 
I>cn but bv swinging round just as lightly as you 
can. Make a few liundred of this size, then make 
some larger, then stjme smaller. 

Thr Siroml ICferrlMr. 

4. After No. 1 becomes so easy you can make them 
with your eyes closed take up No. 2. Start it just 
like the first and when your hand gets in motion 
begin moving very slightly to the right with each 
revolution. This is a good old exercise. Hundreds 
of miles of it have been made by the good writers 
of the past and present It may be given in various 
form.s for the .sake of aninsenient. but it is the same 
old exercise. Make whole lines of it entirely across 
the page. Make it almost a solid black by "making 
just 83 light lines as you can. (io over it till you 
cover up all the white, then take up the next line 
and so on till you fill the page. It's fun. Call in 
the neighbors and sliow them how you can roll it 
off. Be sure your position of body, arm, hand and 
pen are all right. 

l-'j-frctue Autuher T/ivee. 

5. When you gain the ability to spin off lines 
across the page easily without tiring the hand or 
ami. take up No. 3. In it you have nearly the same 
as m No. 2. the only difference being the form. 
Start with as large circles as you can make easily 
and giadually reduce them until it is carried out to 
a pomt. 

This gives you drill in controlling the movement; 
4. 5 and 7 are excellent exercises for movement drills 
and should be studied and practiced freely while 
Becunng a free action of the hand and arm. ' 

No. (1 i,s one of the best exercises tliat vou can get 
in th(. begminiig. to develop strength and elasticity 
of movement. Make small „ (or any of the one 
space letters), move the pen quicklv to the right 
about an inch and a half, then swng backward and 
forward as indicated in the copy. 

No. S is just like No. 2. only much smaller. You 
liave not perfect control of the hand and arm if vou 
cannot make ovals of v„no„.s sizes with ease 

No. H IS a good medium through which vou bring 
the movement used in the ovals and other" large ex 
ercise.s down to the movement used in maki.ig the 
small letters. 

"'<■<■ (o .1I„I,,. .v„,„,„.,. ,„. 

«. After the exercises from Nos. 1 to 9. inclusive 

hav^fiirV""*" '''°™"8'"y Praeticed-say that vou 
mv e filled several pagesof each copy-it is encourag- 
mg to take No. 10. While I dont expect vou to 
come near perfection on this letter, at this part of 
fru wn" •"i"''r -"•-come able to'makl 

make a Iml "" ""J" '^''- '''^'' "' "^« *»? "-"^ 
make a 1 ttle swing downward, turn short, cross 
do«-n stroke near the top and swing around it using 
the circular motion. Make whole lines of adf 
seventeen to the line and fill a few pages of it. 

""'• •"»• ••'. »"..../. Co,„rul. 

uJntT!;'' '""'"'^"'r '"' """^ l"-.! to develop move- 
ment m a general way-round and round, up and 
down. Htid backward and forward. You know the 
man of the prHirie goes out and lassos the wild horse 
then he tames him for domestic use The person 
who wshes to learn to wiite must first secure a 
movement through drills of the kind I have sug 
g«st*d.^A,,, ,,,., snfflcieul control of it to nse it fn 
executing the forms used to represent the different 
irithNo 11 ^^"""'*'- '^^"" ''°'' ""'■'^ t° "l" 
It is to show yon the direction the hand will go if 
you place it in the position used in the illustration 
using the arm at .4 as a pivot, and swing 
backward and forward from left to right and right 
to left. Let the arm rest at the center of the bottom 
of the paper. 



Sliding Jixercises, 

8. (Nos. 12. 13 and 15.) These are just a little 
taste of the work for February. They are intended 
to train the hand to slide across the paper from left 
to right as it must go to write easily. Turn tlie 
paper half around and go directly across the lines. 

In No. 12 place the hand in correct position and 
let it slide to the middle of the space between the 
lines and stop, but do not lift the pen : then slide 
across next space into the third space and so on until 
you have made about five slides and stops, lifting 
pen on last slide. Repeat this until you can glide 
across the space indicated in No. 12, making the 
stops suggested. 

Make a few compact pages of it. Then take No. 
13 in like manner, making a very small o at the 
stopping place. Then repeat them as in Nos. 14 and 
lo, going entirely across the page. 

Moirmenl This Month. 

9. This mouth's work is to get a good easy move- 
ment, which you can do by hanging to the exercises 
given until you can turn them off lightly and regu- 
larly. When you have reached a fair degree of 
ability, take your specimen book and make a speci- 
men page of each exercise. 


Resolve to write with a free movement. Get 
good material. Study the instructions. Get a clear 
conception of what is to be done with each exercise. 
Position, movement and penholding should receive 
your constant attention. Work carefully with a 
desire to improve. Dont expect too much at first. 

Be sure to practice the copies in their nnmerica 
order. Do all I have suggested. Be' ready for next 

.-t ItCtJItCHt. 

I earnestly invite every one who intends to follow 
this course of lessons to write me a letter inclosing 
a brief specimen written before beginning on the 
course of work; also, to send me work from time to 
time for criticism. The criticisms will be made 
through The Journal. In writing me address C. 
C. Lister, 2438 Crystal avenue, Baltimore, Md. 



No. 12. 


' .^^" " *N*^-, I Letter H'rittun. 

/'WT \, ETTER writing, to penmen, has a 

j / I ]> y double charm. It is not merely 

lis/ a means of communicating in- 
\~—~yf formation relating to social and 
, ^-r-r^^ ., professional problems, but it is a 
most excellent method of dis- 
playing ones skill. It is astonishing, however, how 
many penmen are " out of trim " or ■' in haste " in 
penning many of these professional missives. Now I 
would suggest that you ought never to be in snch 
haste in your professional correspondence as to 
necessitate the(un-)complimentary closing of "Hast- 
ily, etc." 

If yon are in a hurry people will see it in your 

work : if yon are not. bnt try to pretend so. it is qnite 
likely that some nervons line will give yon away. 

JlMMlnran Wrtiinff SuUahlf /or tleneral Corrmpondrne*. 

I do not think that this profe.ssional penmanship 
shonld be ased to any great extent in correspond- 
ence. Only when yon have the time and ' ' feel like 
it " or desire to convey information a.s to your skill, 
etc. For ordinary commnnicstion of facts, etc. 
(that includes love), then Thombnrghs style is the 
one to nse. 

I remember when quite a young man I read in 
some book on Letter Writing that shade at^d flonritdi 
were pfisitively juiiir tanlf. I thought then that the 
one who wrote the article had no taste at all. but I 
am now of the opinion that shade and flourish out- 
side of professionalism is much the same as floi^hi- 
ness and gaudiness in dress. Bloomers can't be 
compared with it. 

I would therefore say to the yonng people who are 
practicing from this series that there is a time to 
use this display style of penmanship and a time not 
to do so. It is out of place in business, just as busi- 
ness penmanship is out of place in a resolution. It 
is out cf place in social correspondence because it 
is too difiBcult in execution for ease, rapidity and 
clearness of thought expression ; it takes too much 
thouglit for its own execution. 

I'ro/f'Hulttnrit tyHtltiff j-or /'ro/i-Mntonal CorrcHpiniih'iire. 

But it is in place in professional correspondence 
or whenever disjilay is allowable and desirable. It 
ha>< a beauty of its own which captivates the youth- 
ful aspirant quite as much as a fine painting. There- 
fore if it please i/oii, no one has any right to interfere 
with your admiration of beauty in curvature, ar 
rangenieut, light and shade, delicacy, strength, free 
dom. etc. 

jVcriy, Jlluaeulai- ICnirgij, llvautiful Curvea, Dillcnci), 
Jlu'ilium, Lliihl nml Sliaile. 

For, to one who has ma'Je a special study of pen- 
manship, there is truly something charming in a 
letter from a master hand. You see there nerve and 
muscular energy as well as beautifully curved forms 
and striking contrasts in light and shade, delicacy 
and boldness. 

To execute a beautiful letter, it takes a good deal 
of confidence which is the product of much hard 
training. No one can learn to do excellent work 
without considerable toil. Therefore, if you are 
unable to do as well as you wish it may be you have 
not labored long and faithfully enough. If yon have 
little or no talent you will have to work the harder. 

.1 /•>-o/,«.«(o,,„; sii/lr llmlli Styli-li,)/ /or. 

A good professional hand is in demand, therefore 
persevere. It will school your hand to obey your 
will, and that is what God intended the hand to do. 
It will encourage precision, confidence, taste and 
patience It will teach you the evil eftects of late 
hours, strong drmks. tobacco, etc., if vou indulge 
in thein. 

If you have gotten as much out of this series of 
lessons as I have your eJEorts have not been poorly 
spent. I always try to learn as much as my pupils 
and that is why I find life worth living. When we 
cease to learn we begin to die. I hope you will all 
outdo me before long. You ought to. You have 
the benefit of a portion of mv experience plus your 
own vitality and enthusiasm. 

With best wishes, 

C, P, Z.tNER. 

P. H. H., ni.— Your capitals would bo better if you 
would make initial and final flourisbes more symmetrical. 
Some lu-o too straight (stiff), others have hooks where 
there should be slight curves. See first part of r, ir. etc., 
and joiuing iietwcen (J and if. But you ore improving. 
F. L. T., Mass.— You write a remarkablv good hand for 
a home student of The Joi'Rnal. For artistic or profes- 
sional work you need to raise the pen oftener and tone 
down your small letter movement. Studv the placement 
of the shades in small letters ns well as in "capitals. 

J. D. (i.. Mo. -Some (many) of vour capitals are too 
wide for their height. Some of vour shades are too low. 
specially iu capital stem. You shade too manv of the 
down strokes iu ynur small letters. Practice "on plain 
standard forms will do more toward straightening up 
your capitals and s.ratomatizing your work than any other 
one thing. You write an excellent hand indeed". You 
can become one of our very finest penmen. 

W. B. C . Teun.— The loop in second part of H in /". -V, 
H is too small. Curve down stroke in long S more. Yon 
have done well. Vou can become a verv fine penman ; 

.1. F. H.. Pa.— Your capitals are good, but uncertain. 
Quality of line is excellent. Your movement is not strong 
enough. Shades a trifle hght. Lower loop in V. J and Z 
too big. Za.ver. 

The Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 

We shall present on this page from month to month various business writing exercises and copies, from 
the pens of some of Americas foremost writers and teachers. These copies are in addition and supplement- 
ary to the regular course of lessons in rapid business writing by Mr. Lister. By this plan beginning, inter- 
mediate and advanced students can find just the copies they want every month. 

As Mr. Lister has given so many excellent preparatory movement exercises in his lesson, we have re- 
served some from other pens until future numbers. 


''^u4U{y ////////// 

£7 /'A,-a^ / < 

C-9^ C-«7-?-r - 








A PRIZE COMPETITION. -To the subscriber sending In tie best proeilte sheet on any one of ihe^e flvecoplew we will give one 
r's subscription to either Pcshan's Aet Joi'rsal or Business Joce.\al. To the iubscriber aendlnK In the best practice Bheets of uU of the«e 
copies we will give one subscription to either JomsAL and acopy of "Ames' Gulde"or " Ames' Book of Flourlshea." ProfeiwlonBU 
Ail practice sheets to reach us not later than February 20, 1SH6. Put your name and address on each sheet. 

r \^enjruuCi QyCU'C^cutAiLCy 



Vram ii Paper Rend nt (hi- !"liil<' Teacherr.' tuaorialioii- 

l.aoaliiB. MIrh.. br Sup-| E. L. Brlim-, 

Caldftaler. Mich. 

From The Sriwol Remnl. Detroit, Mich , we cliji 
the following from a very interestinK paper read by 
Snp't Briggii of Coldwater, Mich., before the Mich 
igan State Teachers' Association ; 

Mo8t schools of twenty teachers and upward employ 
one or more persons who are known as special teachers. 
The sultjects ossi^ed to this class of instmctors include 
the following: Music, writing, drawing, science and phys- 
ical culture. Special teachers in the five subjects named 
have gained their places in the schools naturally by the 
evolution of the course of study to their present stage of 

In the conditions that have prevailed I maintain that the 
special teacher has been 'a valuable^acquisition to the 
sch(x>]s, and that this feature of instruction has been de- 
cidedly helpful in bringing our better schools to the stage 
of excellence they have attained. 

Granting that the subjects mentioned are of such high 
educational value as to demand for them a place in the 
curriculum, the general incomiietency of the regular 
teacher to present them properly maltes the special teacher 
essential to successsful instruction. 

The writing of teachers is woefully deficient and care- 
less. Rarely is one found, except when the specialist ha-s 
given incentive to improvement, whose letter forms would 
bo a worthy ideal for the imitation of children. Still 
more rare are those who could justify a claim to any skill 
in tea<:bing penmanship. When drawing has knocked at 
the door of the school for admission, how few of the teach- 
ers have Ijeen comiietent to receive her courteously and 
treat her fairly. The same general ignorance in music, 
nature work, and jihysicjil culture has prevaileil when the 
subject has been iucorpomted into the courte. The regu- 
lar teachers lacking both the knowledge and the skill 
necessary for their i>reseutatioii, they have been given to 
the charge of the »]>eciali8t. 

The special teacher has also been needed to give unity, 
system and doflnitenoss to these lines of instruction. 
Without her planning and oversight, the work must be 
disconnected and deficient. 

The special teacher has also brought into the schools a 
choice teaching spirit. 

When properly prepared, her pedagogical thought has 
been higher thim that of the average grade teacher She 
has thought out a definite system of instruction. She has 
definite ends to obtain and a clear conception of how to 
proceed in their attainment. To other teachers in whose 
presence she conducts her work, her spirit and her methods 
have much of suggestiveuess and helpfulness for all teach- 
ing. She aids to Uft the regular teacher from routine and 
gives her new ideas and expedients. 

As a supervisor the special teacher may be a most val- 
uable factor in the success of a city's schools She is re- 
lated to all the si-hools. While limited to one branch of 
instruction, she sees and feels much more. The strength 
of the regular tea<*er determines largely the success that 
attends her work with any particular class. The general 
attitude of the pupils' minds to in.struction and to knowl- 
edge cannot be greatly changed in the brief period of a 
recitfltion once or twice a week. She thus becomes cog- 
mzanl of the merit and demerit of teachen* even more 
promptly than the sujierintendent. Her kindly sueces 
tion may be the means of bringing the helo most 
promptly where most needed. 

That these beneficent results may attend the work of 
the 8i»?ci.U teai-her. she must be possessed of iieculiar 
qualifications. S<mie exiH-lience in the various grades as a 
regular twicher is an important feature of her prepa- 
ration. .\fnmiliantv with all the work of all the grades 
|s essential to a proper adjustment of her work to other 
mstruc ion. Such a miustery of her subject as will com- 
mand the admiration of Iwth pupils and teachers is indis- 
JHinsable she must have such an enthusiasm as will make 
her coming a dellgnt and her instruction an inspiration 
sue must p<»sess the inestimable and indefinable nualitv 
of tact that will keep herself and her work in right adiust 
ment to the teachers themselves and their other duties 

The siHH-ial teacher should, in my opinion, never be given 
sole charge of the instruction m her subject Her work 
should be ilirection and ovei>.iBht, with occasional in- 
struction. The lai-ge proportion of the lessons to pupils 
should lK> given by the grade tea<.-heiB. Thev must feel as 
much resiwnsibUity for the success of these as of anv 
other feiitui-es of instruction. 

The aiUustment of the special teacher's work to the 
various other subjects in the conree of studv should receive 
a much larger consideration. The t.w coWion tendencv 
18 to incorporate some system into the curriculmn with n"o 
articulation to the other lines of instruction. Drawing 
music, science and wTiting are distinct and independent 

Items. The specialist's work goes no further than the 
brief period set apart to her subject. From such condi- 
tions as this results one of the most serious evU& of our 
special teachers. 

These teachers should be broad enough in theii' view to 
take the systems they have mastered and intertwine them 
into an inseparable union with the entii-e coui-se of study. 
The teacher of writing should extend her interest to the 
entire writing of the school in all subjects, and. so far as 
possible, should make the instruction of her hour impm-t 
some helpfulness to the mastery of other exercises. Draw- 
ing should supplement science", geogrnphv, literature and 

The intro<iuction of special teachers has resulted in a seri- 
ous crowding of work and in making school progiammes 
rigid and fonnal. The escape from this evil must be sought 
in changing the special teachers as rapidlv as po.'^sible to 
supervisoi-s, and requiring in the regular teachers adequate 
qualifications to give instruction in all subjects the course 

As supervisors their time and effort will largelv be given 
to planning, outlining and instructing teachers. The grade 
teacher will have full charge of the immediate instruction 
of the pupils. 

The evolution of the course of studv and the order of 
presentation of the same for the elemeiitarv schools is still 
advancing. The ideal mav never be fullv realized in 
actual experience, hut at pi^seut important" modifications 
are being wi-ought out. 

In th^ develpoment the special teacher has Ijeen. and is 
destined to he. an important factor. Her highest office 
however, will not lie in magnifting her own subjects, but 
m harmomzmg. m unifying, and in concentrating all the 
instruction of the school. 

The pictorial representation of trees is confessedly 
difficult. They are so complex and so varied in 
form by being different in family and by growing 
in different sitviations. as in open fields or crowded 
forests, on the mountain or in lowland, that it is dif- 
ficult to classify them. Some have said, study the 
leaf if yon wonid know the tree, and it is true that 
some trees have a striking resemblance in outline, 
to the leaves they bear. If we were trying to teach 
tree-drawing for artistic purposes, we might well 
make the following statements and base our instruc- 
tion on tbem : 


" The appearance of a tree depends mainly — Ist, 
on the shajH- of the leaveii; 2d, on the arrangement 
of the leaves on the twigH or on the peduncles ; 3d, 
on the arrangement of the twigs on the branches, 
and the branches on the stem." 

But, as stated at the beginning of this series of 
lessons, we are not aiming at fine-art in our black- 
board work. We do not, of conrse. object to artistic 
effect, but onr materials are not favorable, and we 
must content ourselves with a didactic purpose. 

All tree.H have some common properties, as a sort 
of roundness and leafiness. For our purpose we 
will base our classfication on the property of round- 
ness. We will make four classes: 1. Conical trees; 
2. Globular trees; 3. Spheroidal trees; and 4. Ir- 
regular trees. 

There is quite a difference also between the sur- 
face apt)Barances of the pine, tae fir, the oak, the 
ash, the poplar, the willow, the palm, etc., which 
differences may be at least imperfectly represented 
by differences in movement; but we would not have 
the student think he can learn to draw trees or any- 
thing else by a " trick." Nothing but close obser- 
vation and practice will enable one to make artistic 
repre.sentationa., let the student draw and shade a cone. Fig. 

1, showing again the five degrees of light and shade 
mentioned, but iworly illustrated, in Lesson VIII. 
Now draw the row of conical trees shown in Fig. 

2, first drawing two light converging lines meeting 
at a point at the right, the upper one to show the 
height of the trees and the lower one to limit their 
bottoms. Of course, trees, as well as the 
others on this plate, .ire more or less conventional 
in treatment, but we think they are distinctive 
enough for ordinary illustration. Fig. 3 is intended 
to represent a Spruce, Fig. 4 a Pine, broken off at 
the top. Fig. 6 is very conventional, but quite ef- 
fective for a rapid drawing. Fig. 7 shows a branch 
of the Fir tree. 

For the second group, globular trees, let the stu- 
dent draw and shade a sphere. Fig. 8, noting the de- 
grees of light and shade as explained in Lesson VIII. 
Now try such examples as shown by Figs, 9 and 10, 
which are merely intended to represent trees. Fig. 
11 is more distinctive in character and is intended 
to represent the sturdy Oak, which has a somewhat 
hard and angular appearance. Figs. 12 and 13 are 
meant for the Ash and the Beech respectively, trees 
of more gentle curvature than the Oak. 

The EDITOR'S Scrap-book. 

— From E. L. Miller, ludiauola, la., we have received 
several specimens of students' drawing that are flrst-class. 
Among the best specimens are those from F. J. Teale, 
Pauline Tyler, and specimen shown in another part of 
The JoiiKNAL. 

— A half-tone artist proof of a verv handsome memorial 
design eiecnted by W. J. White, Pittsburgh, Pa., has 
been received. 

~ From N. C. Brewster, Elmira, N. Y., we have re- 
ceived some s\ileudid business writing, automatic pen 
work and commercial designing. 

— Court F. Wood, Washington, D. C, sends several 
BiMcimeus of vertical writing, showing improvement made 
by his pupils. Great advancement is shown in the work. 

— Fi-om Miss Ella E. Calkins, Lacelle, la., we have re- 
ceived a variety of writing that shows she is constantly 

— A. J. Willard, Reliance, Va., sends in busine.'^s, orna- 
mental writing, and specimens of flourishing. All excel- 

— A gracefully written letter comes from C. E. Rust, 
Brandon, Vt. 

— A graceful, accurately written letter, business style, 
comes from Miss Lizzie J. Disman, Mechanicsburg, la. 

— Some of the flnest automatic pen work that we have 
ever had the privilege of examining has been sent us bv 
A. B. Cushman, Humlmldt, Kansas. If it were possible 
to do this work justice we would engrave some of these 
specimens, but the beautiful harmonv of color is lost bv 
any process of engraving. His work should grace the 
scrap-book ot every collector. 

— As dainty a hit of writing as we have seen in a long 
time comes from the old wai' horse, Albert T Root King- 
\Tlle, Ohio. Tbere is vigor, grace, dash and deUcacy in it 
that many of the younger penmen might well imitate. 

— Some splendidly written business letters have been 
received from Verne S. Bennett, Soule College New Or- 

eous. La. 

— A handsome flourish and some fine writing comes 
from O. J. Penrose, Randolph, N. Y. 

— A few handsomely written cards, ladies' hand, have 
Iwen received from L. J. Egelston, Rutland, Vt 

— From Theodore Conrtuev, North Adams, Mass we 
have received \-arious styles of card writing, etc All ex- 

— C. A. Braniger, Stanberrj-, Mo., Normal School, sends 
us busmess imrt orn,imental writing of various styles. He 
writes a dashv baud. 

— Other hAudsomelv written cards come from R. R. 
Sliafer, Fayette. Ohio ■ C. R. Rvmnells, Chicago, and E. 
I-. Hooper, Woodfords, Me. 

— Splendid specimens of professional writing have been 
received from the following : A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. 
Y.; W. J. Elliott, Central B. C, Toronto, Ont.; J. D. 
Valentine, Jr., Bellefonte, Pa.; A. J. Cadman, Owosso B. 
C, Owosso. Mich.; C. W. Jones, Brockton, Mass., B. C; 
J. C. Bowser, Northern B. C, Watertown, N. Y. ; A. 
Fuller, Boothljay Harbor, Me. 

— Specimens of business writing have been received 
from the following : L. P. Hettinger, Reading, Pa. ; J. F. 
Bamhart, Burdett Coll., Boston, Mass.; N. C. Brewster, 
Elmira, N. Y.; H B. Lehman, Valparaiso, Ind.; C. W. 
Ransom, Sweet's Co)l. of Com., Sharon, Pa.; H. C. Peter 
son. Blue Rapids, Eans. 

Stntlents* Sprelnteint, 

— A large package of students' practice sheets have 
been received from Sam Evans, teacher of penmanship m 
the Springfield, Mo., Normal School. Mr. Evans is one of 
our best writers, and the work of these pages shows that 
he has communicated a great deal of his own ability to his 
students. There is a snap and dash about the worli which 
indicate that nothing but the genuine forearm move- 
ment was used. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Ofstad's Common Sense Lessons in Bi'sinkss and 
Artistic Writino.— Paper, 16 pages, price 15 cents. 
Tublished by O. F. Ofstad, Minneapolis, Miuu. 
This little pamphlet is to accompany copies in plain and 
omamentii! writing and the object is to give such infor- 
mation about materials, movement, position, etc., that 
will be a help to the learner acquiring plain or artistic 
hand writing. 

Leading E\'ents of the American Revolution.— A 
very complete and attractive 32 page booklet, with 
this title, and containing over 500 brief descriptions 
of events, with dates— all for ten cents— has been is- 
sued by The Spirit of '70, of No. 14 Lafayette Place. 
New York City. 
The book contains two sepai-ate arrangements of each 
date ; one being alphabetical and the otner by days. It 
is extremely convenient for reference, and easily worth 
several times the trifling price. It may be added, that 
The Siiirit of '70 is a ten cent illustrated patriotic and 
historical magazine, now in ita second year. 

<4JS^B^'oul" the old, rm^ in the r?ea>, 
' "=^^5, happq bells, across the 5do(J3; 
^^^ - „|i ^heqearis^^oiiig, let biiD^o; 
I Q^L— ^ "RiiT^otjttbe fal5e,ri[7g ID fhetrae^ 

{[j^jipg oaf the^n^ tbat^ap^ the n^md, 
For tho-sc that here (De stt i>o iDorer 
^iD^ o(}\ the feud oj" nob dDd poor, 
i^ir>5 117 redress \o all rT>ai7kiDd. 

<^ Uer?pqsoi? 



— From F. T. Weaver, penman Bayless Business College, 
Dubuque, la., we have received a large number of prac 
tice sheets of the students in the writing classes under 
his charge. The writing is clear and plain and shows 
that the pupils have received good instruction. 

— Some two months ago we received specimens from 
quite a number of pupils of W. P. Canfield, StOlwater, 
Minn., B* C. These were the specimens written by the 
students on entering the school. Recently we have re- 
ceived another batch of specimens, showing the first and 
second specimens, most of them with but ten days inter- 
veuing. The results shown are indeed remarkable, when 
one considers that but ten days' practice worked the 

— From W. H. Carrier, Supvr. of Writing, Adrian, 
Mich., we have received several specimens of pupils' 
work, accompanied by the following letter : '* We are 
using the vertical in a few rooms in the schools here to 
test Its merits, and I herewith inclose a few pages torn 
from the practice books of pupils in fifth grade. The 
books are ruled, you will observe, with faint vertical hues. 
I had them made to order and think they are a great help 
in getting down strokes vertical and in getting proper 
width of letters. These pupils have only used the ver- 
tical about eight weeks. We use Gillott's vertical pen." 
The specimens are from the fifth grade and show excel- 
lent form and fair movement. Among the best writers 
are the following : Maude Hillabrant, Gracie Kinear, 
Edmund Murray, Helen Bay, Sadie Johnston, Frederic C 
Johnson, Mary Jerrels. Bert Stevens, and James Cone. 
The one objection we bave to the paper is the horizontal 
and vertical ruling, which is very elaborate and, of course, 
is a grreat help toward acquiring form, but induces draw- 
ing rather than writing. 

Pitman's Phonographic Teacher.— Paper, 46 pages. 
Published by Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, 
New York. 

This little work is the well-known exercise book, of 
which this is the second million printed. All Isaac Pit- 
man writers know what it is, and others may be inter- 
ested in examining it. 

We were in error last month in stating that the price 
of Pitman's Abridged Shorthand Dictionary was liO cents. 
It should be 85 cents. 

Not Fit. 

" Does he stand well at college ? " 

" Pretty well. His weak eyes are against him." 


" Yes. They won't stand kicking and gouging." 

And the Zeitgeist sighed sadly.— Z>c(roit Tribune. 

When the last sunshine of expiring day 
twilight creeps itself away, who hath not feJt the soft- 
ness of the hour sink on the heart— as dew along the 
flower ? — Bijron. 

'rWOEDlTIO^S of THI<: JOI/BNAL— but botb 
exactly tikc name— except tbat tb« News Ecllllun 
has fuar extra pa^cM devoted to NewBand Mliifel- 
lany. All ItiNtrui-tlon features will appear In both 




No. II. 
A Prtr RrvO^r JHnU, 

^.^ 1 RILL on tho movement exercises a 
I \ Wl few niinute.H at each lesson be- 

I I IP forelpracticini; a capital letter. 

I V I j| Always nse a free, strong, roll- 

ing motion on the muscles near 
the ellww. Do not allow the 
thnmb to bend, and keep the wrist off the paper. 
Keep the pai)er in position. , , „j 

xl M -In making V. keep the same speed used 
on the drills above noted, making the small oval at 
tlip top the same as M. , ^ , 4„ 4.i.„ 

The upper halt of the down stroke curves to the 
right, tlie lower half curves to the left, while the 
turn at the bottom is very short. Fmish the up 
stroke while the hand is in motion. The down 
stroke mav be made slower than the other strokes, 
at least until the peculiar curves can l>e made with- 
out difficulty. ,. i iu t 

jVo 'ii; —Produce the V the same as I', except that 
the pen is not lifted on the up stroke, which does 
not reach rjuiti^ so high as the first part, and that 
a pause should be made before producing the curved 
finisliing stroke, .1,11 

,Vi) .'/? —Make 1' the same as V, except that when 
tlie iiause is made the long do^^^l stroke is made 
straight on the main slant, crossing the line and ex- 
tending half the distance to the next Ime below. 
Make the turn short, and cross the down stroke at 
the line. 

;\'„. .'«.— Capital /requires careful practice, since 
it is a combination of left and right curves. 

Study the form, and then try to have the up stroke 
begin at the line; make the turn short; bring the 
down stroke so that it will cross the downward one, 
one space— as high as small i— above the line. Carry 
the stroke to the left and finish with a dot one space 
above the line There are no pauses in this letter. 
Be careful not to get the turn at the top too wide— 
i. e.. make the loop narrow. 

No. .'(.'/.— To make capital J use a rolling motion 
on tiio up stroke above the line, and a long pull 
toward you to get the down stroke a straight line. 
Make the turn half way between the ruled lines, 
keep the loop narrow, and try to have the three 
strokes cross the base line at the same place. The 
top part of this letter is much larger than the lower 
part, the lower part being the same size as small (/. 
This is a very difficult letter to make, but if the 
long down stroke is made a straight line, the rest 
of tlie letter will be easy to get nicely. 

After each letter is drilled upon sufficiently take 
up words and sentences. 

Good Writing, Good Position. 

BCTLEli, P.\., October 21, 18!B, 

Friend ^iiirs.— Am now emi>loyed in the Butler County 
Natioual Bank of this city. Resigned my position as 
teacher in the public schools here after l)emg re-elected 
the eighth time. More pay, cjiuso of my accepting 
present position. My penmanship was the principal 
agencv through which 1 gained the position. Thanks to 
TilK Jol'RNAL. It has lieen my guide for ten years, and 
shall continue 1 ne of my main friends. 

Am t-till ill Itu- II. '111. doing engrossing, card writiog, 
teaching l'\ -ir Plosise place me in the list of those 
who wisti I" r\, liaiL-,' specimens. 

Mr. Ziuii-i s l,ss..iis, iinw running, are beyond criticism. 
He will givv value i!i full to all who place themselves 
under his instruction. Spent a month in his school during 
summer of 'iM. 

Wishing you continued success, I am. 

Fratenially yours, 


A Dashy fVlarch. 

We rweutlv had the plea.'ture of hearing the " Postman 
Two Step Nfiirch," played by the composer, Mr, Bayard 
Craig. It has a catchy an- and goes with a vim and 
that is iufectious. Pianists Kxikiug for something new 
in the maix'h line, of mwlium difficulty only, will tind this 
an excellent one to add to their collection. It has a very 
handsome title page. The price, we l>elieve, is .Vl cents. 
It is published liy Ames & R>-uo, ',.'(12 Broadway, New 
York, luid may be ordered through imy music dealer or 
direct from the publishers. 

"A Puzzled Penman " 

Will find how to make H jmd I as found in Lesson 10, 
by i-emliug the instructions for D. I. S., in Lesson No. 11, 
I)eceml>er Joi-unai.. It is simple enough when done in a 
simple way. But young penmen' (and some that are not 
so young) . very often overrate the ability of others by 
thinking they do things in a very difBcult way. Pre. 
queutly, I have nnpiests foi work beyond the ability of 
any one, yet the ones seeking it think' that I. Iieiug a 'pen- 
iniin of stane reputation, can diish of copperiilate writing 
at an alarming rate. We are mortal and «m do only 
that which was intended for mortals to do, Zaneh, 


-y ^ f^..^ ^ ^ ^ ^^^^y 




Recent Book Adoptions in Public Schools. r?w"bus 

[ Bingbamton. N. Y.— Oinn & Co's. Vertical Copy-Books. 
L Summit Sea. Pa.— Spencerian Copy-Books. ,_,.... 

Beatrice. Neb. -Silver, Burdett & Co's Vertical Writing 

'Macomb, nl.— Werner Copy-Books. 

SpriDKlleld, Mass.— Vertical Writing System, as taught by 

Kankakee. Xll.-Silver, Burdett & Co's. Normal System of 
V^ertical Wriing. 

Columbus. O.— Eclectic Copy-Books. 

Brooklyn, N. Y.- Graphic System of Practical Penman- 
ship, tracing course ; Common Sense 'Vertical Copy Books. 

Manchester, Conn, -Vertical Wrltmgin the Eighth Dis- 

Coylesville, Pa.— Spencerian Copy Hooks. 

Forked River, N. J.— Spencerian Copy Boolts. 

Jeffersonhne, Pa.— Spencerian Copy Books. 

Ottawa, 111.— Ellsworth's Writing Books, 

Montville, Conn.— Spencel'ian Copy Books. 

Baltimore, Md.— Vertical Copy Books. 

Racine, Wis.— Sheldon & Co.'s Vertical Writing, in 
Fifth Wai'd School, 


Hillsboro, N. C— Krusi's Drawing. 

Portland, Me.-Shnylor's Drawing Books. 

Catawissa, Pa.— Krusi's Primary Drawing Cards and Supe 
rior Drawing. 

Hillsboro, N. C— Krusi's Drawing. 

Ottawa, 111.— Augsburg's Drawing. 

Marlboro, Mass.— Prang's Drawing. 

Oatawissa, Pa.— Krusi's Drawing. 

Washington, Pa.— Krusi's Drawing, 

Franklin. Pa.— Thompson's Educational and Industrial 

Cumberland. R. I.— The Noi-mal Drawing. 

Wheeling, W. Va. — Prang's Drawing. 

Los Ancelea, Cal.— Williams & Rogers' Complete Bookkeep 
ing, and Longley's Stenography. 

BinKhamton. N. Y.— The Werner System of Bookkeeping. 

N. Y. City.— American Accountant, by W. C. Sandy, pub- 
lished by the University Publishing Company. 

Gloucester. Mass.— Isaac Pitman's Shorthand. 

Newton. Mass. Isaac Pitman's Shorthand. 

Woodbridge, N. J.— Isaac Pitman's Shorthand. 

Talladega, Ala.— Isaac Pitman's Shorthand. 

Scottsburg, Va.— Isaac Pitman's Shorthand. 

Brooklyn, N. Y.— Pemin's Universal Phonography. 

Cleveland, O.— Sadler's Bookkeeping. 

Farmers, Pa. — Webster's Com'l School Dictionary. 

Sugartown, Pa.— Bryant & Stratton C. S. Bookkeeping 
and Blanks. 

In the sketch of Miss Ella C. Calkins, published in the 
December Jocrnal, we neglected to mention that Miss 
Calkins is a yradnaie of the Penm:-msbip Department of 
the Highland Park Normal College, Des Moines, Iowa. 

''-^''~'^"''2=<^^-^' THE 

^TO5K»1ess maNager'5 

Prom Vancouver. B. Portland, Me.; from Winnipeg. 
Manitoba to Key West. Fla.. and from every town of any im- 
porUince in America we have been getting encourag^ing letters 
" ' ■ a of two edi ■ 

lat it will ai] 

_ __ We hope it will. It ^vill 

tainlv !■ itu. .■ rli.' i.\.-iiue for sometime to come, and we hope 
the rc(Uu ii.ii 111 pi u'l' will bring us in thousands of additional 
subsrrib.Ts \\,- (l. lilt see how it can help it and if each 
teacher and each friend of The Journal will call the atten- 
tion of his students and friends to the very sul>stttntial reduc- 
tions made in our subscription price, wo will 

great boom in this line \ 

Right now is tne time to 

■ subscription books and arc ar" 
_ _ ' that we think will reduce mis- 
takes to a minimum. We make mistakes occasionally, but it 
* remarkable the numl>er of mistakes that are made by sub- 

JouRNAi.. and then ask that ba<-k uumbers be sent them. 
This would break a set and would cost us $1. Very likely this 
8ut>scriber was merely a dub subscril»er and had moved a 
couple of times without giving ua\notico. We are wiUing to 

The Journal's advt 
from users of this sy>- 
mendatory terms of i . 
it too highly. One cf t 

will bo found iu 
L'l't many letters 
ik in hignly com 
inii>t recommend 
liis kind that ha^' 

Elgin, m., B. C. 

tie states : wur scuuui m n-jint ^vi-v. „ ^..^.-..^j — . --^- 
introduced the Sadler System of Business Practice and are 
much pleased with it, and find it to be all it is represented to 

In a letter lately received from J. C. 
ersof AH Education. 8;>t Broadway. N_ . - ,^.- 

" We were much plenaed with the 'get up * of our advertise- 
ment in the November number of The Journal. We had 
several answers before we received^ our copy of the jiaper. 
By the way, Art Edu ■ 

, the leading American i 

•u^uv— j-« Our subscribers who are interested in 

drawing and such matters, should send and get sample 

mental journal. 

I. Williams & Rogers, the well-known 

WU.U.C. wi*. .,^-. ..ablishers, Rochester, New York and 

Chicago, have Iwen at work on a new publication, combining 
Vjookkeeping and business practice. They are now in a posi- 
tion to announce that this will be ready early in January, 
when they will be prepared to send descriptive circulars, 
samples, etc.. to schools thinking of adapting something of 
this kind. They state in their announcement: " It is conH- 
dently believed it will be practicable, teachable, interesting 
and complete ; yet a simple and rational method of teaching 
the subject of accounts by the illustrated plan." 

1 letter lately received from A. B. Cushman. Humboldt. 
Kans.. that hustling automatic shading pen artist and sup- 
ply dealer, he says : " Inclosed please find check in payment of 
■.,i...,-+;^;n.. Kill r „t^ kept busy. As an advertising medium, 

advertising bill 

L above all others. 

The Roudebush W 
lished by the Centni 
Chicago. 111. 

iwlantor vertical), pub- 
,' House. 59 Canal street, 
from nearly everything 

. .. o^ copy-bo«kjs,"coi»y nUps, etc.. that we have 

a very ingenious arrangement and is meeting with 
ide sale. 

The Compendium of Penmanship, issued by A. W. Dakin, 
Syracuse, New York, known as " Dakin Eiiitome of Penman- 
ship " has had a wide sale among professional penmen and 
connoisseurs, as well as students. It was always sold at $1, 
but Mr. Dakin desires to close out a few that ho has on hand 
and he has made a move that will make the pi-ice 45 cents. 
As it will likely; go out of print, all desiring to keep up pen- 
manship libraries should get a copy at once. 

H. E. Riker. 165 Lincoln avenue. Cleveland. Ohio, has issued 
a little work known as " Riker's Forty Rules." This book is 
specially valuable to bookkeepers, commercial teachers and 

bookkeeping matters, should 

and chief of 

by Dix(. 
Company. Jersey (. 
of all degrees of h; 
fail to be suited if h- 
splendid pencils. 

have been the standard. They ha 

these — the perfection of alphabets. 





SCHOOL AND Personal. 

— Some of the new BchoolR brought to our notice are the 
followiDK : The Ohio Valley B. C, Ripley, O., R. F. Alli 
Hon, Pre«.. E. C. Roadee, Hec*y ; Luthersville, Ga., Coll. 
Inut, F. M. Pitts, Prin., Pitts & Ingram, Mg'rs ; Bam- 
berg, S. C, Class. Inst., J. W. Gaines, Prin., W. C. Zeig- 
ler, Com'l Dept., J. T. Prince, Pen.; Ouelph, Ont., B. C, 
J. Sharp, Prin.; VThiteaboro, Texas, Nor. Coll., C. L, & 
M.Adair CoPrins.; Capital City B. ('.Ottawa, Ont., 

A. M. Games, Pnn. & Propr.; Wood's B. C, Potlsville, 
Ptt., F. E. Wood, Propr. I Bdmiston 3. C, Cleveland, 
Ohio, H. T. EdmiHton, Mgr!, C. C. Short, Penman ; Tampa, 
rla., B. U.. R. N. Hadley, Pres.; St. Stephen, N. B., B 
C, Miss M. T. Crabbe, Prin. ; School of Penmanship, Book- 
keeping and Herman, ;W .So. Broad street, Philadelphia, 
Pa., August Fischer, Prin. He Propr. 

— The foUomng schools have discontinued : Racine, 

Wis., B. C. Manhattan, Kans., B. C. Northcutt B. 

C„ Longview, Texas. C. E. Pond, B. C, Topeka, Kans., 

Mr. Pond being located at Auburn, Cal. Walton Wool- 

eey Bookkeeping School, Altamont, Ky. Ind. Normal 

Univ., Evansville, Ind. Elwood, Ind., Bus. Univ. 

Com'l Dep't Southern Female Univ., Florence, Ala. N. 

W. Normal School, Gencseo, Til. Kansas City, Mo., Bus. 

Univ., huB been consolidated with Spalding's Com'l Coll. 

of that city. The College of Commerce, Downer's Grove, 

III., J G. Cross, Propr., has been discontinued and Mr. 
Cross has opened the College of Commerce at Los Angeles, 

Csl., in connection with Ijniversity of Southern Cat 

J. W. Decker, Propr., Decker's B. C, Jonesboro, Ark,, has 
removed his school to Sulphur Rock, Ark., and changed 
the same to the Ark. Normal School, J. W. Decker, Pres. 

— Among the changes taking place in schools for the 
month are Add-Ran Christian U, Thorp Spring, Texas, 

removed to Waco, Texas. S. M. Sweet has withdrawn 

from the Sweet & Eckel C. C, Erie, Pa. Mr. Eckel will 

continue the school. Mr. Q. E. Bolton has disposed of 

his interest in the Oneida, N. Y., B. C. The Spence & 

Peaslee B. C. is now known as the Spence, Peaslee & Kel- 
ley B. C., Sulem. Mass. — G. D. Stout, formerly Treasurer 
of the Iowa CoU. Co., operating tl^e College of Commerce 
iu Boone, Jefferson and Webster City, la., has severed his 
connection with the company, and is now located in Min- 
neapolis with a large gi-ain companv. Jno. A. Taylor 

of the Springfield Nor. School has become pres. of the 
Stanberry, Mo., Nor., and Jno. E. Feslcr of the Stanberry 
School goes to Springfield as prin. of the Spriugfleld Nor- 
mal. S. McVeigh has disposed of the Mt. Vernon, 111., 

B. C J. C. Graham of the Alliance, O., Actual B. C, 

has lukeu a partner and the firm name now is Graham & 

Taylor.. R. T. McCord, formerly of the Brockville, Ont., 

B. C, Is now a member of the fli-in of stenographers and 
tyiMwritei-s, Fifth avenue and Twentieth street, N. Y. 

City. W. S. Llewellyn has disposed of his interest in 

the Chamberlain Com'l Coll., Lincoln, Neb., and his part- 
ner, W. G. Chamberlain, is now sole proprietor. The 

Bus. Don. of the Lincoln, HI., U. has been turned over to 
W. R. W hetsler, and is organized as a separate business col- 
lege. A. L. Wilson has sold Wilson's B. C, at Macomb, 

111., and the school has been consolidated with the Ma- 
comb Normal & Business College, 1. F Meyer, Pres. Mr. 

Wilson is editor of the Hamilton, 111., Heqistcr. On 

Jimuary 1st the Charlotte, N, C, C. C. moved into new 
rooms in the Y. M. C. A. Building. 

,,^ R Hiivwurd, prmeipal. maiwcor and part owuir of the 
Chiirlott* Commercial College, Charlotte. N. C, was born on 

<> ^a■.^, *.Qny VintOU, loWU, 

the olocntion, . 

cial and scientific coui 
tftkinK work in v 
music and spetiiul mii 
matics, ir. addition, 
course in business wri 
ho took under E. K. Isn 
FoUowinK this he si 
two years in inaur; 
ud tant^ht one ' 

■epted his present ,- - - . 
tion. In addition to his 
regular work, he has 
charKe of the Luglish Depi 
School. He is an Odd F 
stronn, successful teacher. 

— The name of the Canada B. C, Chatham, Ont., re- 
mains the same. It is the Columbia College of Com- 
merce. Grand Rapids, Mich., that has been changed to the 
McLachlan Business University. We were in error in 
stating it otherwise last mouth. 

— The Christmas edition of the St. Paul. Minn., Pioneer 
Press, contained forty -two pages, handsomely illustrated 
throughout and compared favorably with many of the 
metropolitan Christmas numbejs. AU the iUnstrations 
were from the "pen of Grant Wallace, the well-known 
penman and illustrator. 

— The Ft. Smith, Ark., C. C, G. M. Neale, Prin., has 
been iucorporated. This school issues a neat college jour- 
nal, called r/ie Arkansas Dereloper. 1 

— In the Trade Edition of the Shenectady, N. Y., Dai/ij 
Cnioii, we find a good write-up of the Schenectady B. 
C. F. C. Hovey, Prin.; and also a good half-tone portrait 
of Mr. Hovey. " 

— J. P. Krogh, at one time connected with the Western 
Normal C., Lincoln. Nebr., but lately instructor in the 
Hartford. Conn., B. C, has severed his connection with 
the latter institution. The students, to the number of 
flf ty-nine. called on him at his rooms and presented him 
with an elegant smoking set. 

— In the Evansville, Ind., Trilnnw of December 1.5th 
we find a full page devoted to the Columbia B. C, con- 
ducted bv Messrs. Lockyear & Wilson. Most of the space 
is devotei to giving names of students and firms that em- 
ploy them. 

— Wilbur R. Smith, Prest. Cora'l Coll. of Ky. Univ., 
Lexington, Kv., is now a Colonel, having been appointed 
by Gov. Bradley as a member of his staflf. 

— In The Mirror of Wichita, Kans., we find a couple of 
pages devoted to a write-up ot the Wichita C. C, with 
portraits of Messrs. Robins, 'Heacock, Reppert.'Farrow and 
Long, and halt-tone cut of college building. 

This is R. A. Kells. He was first seen in a little log house 
on a farm in March, 1870. He attended the public schools 
until the age of fourteen, and then for the next five years 
he miffht have been seen kicking presses and picking type in 
the office of a country 
newspaper. Having 
saved a little money, he 

invested in a scholarshij 

Shaw's Business Col- 
lege, Stratford, Ont., 
graduating from 

Commercial and Short- 
hand Departments in five 
months. The next two 
years were spent in a city 
newspaper office as sten- 
ographer, reporter and 


^^I^^^W cfty editor. He then 

^^^^KT^^ ^^^^ turned bookkeeper until 

^^^^F' ^^^^^i Dec, 1893, when he was 

^^^^^■K ^^^^^^H asked to deal out muscu- 

^^^^^H ^^^^^^H lar and business practice 

^^■■■^-^^■■niJ in the Central Business 

II. A, KiiLLS, College. Stratford, Ont., 

which he did for two 

years. Leavintr that institution, he took a similar position 

in Mr. Shaw's Toronto School, which he held for another 

year. While in Toronto he also taught the young ladies of 

the Christian Guild shorthand in the evenings. Gotham 

t demanded him and shortly after 


5 Col- 

transferred to the Commercial Department, which is pro- 
gressing very favorably under his sway. He is as much in 
favor of the vertical as the slanting style ot writing, and is 
prepared to give the boys which style they prefer. He is 
also single, and requests the editor to add that he wishes the 
ladies of the profession td cut thia out as it will not appear 

— A handsomely engraved invitation to a reception 
has been received from Los Angeles, Cal., B. C. 

— We have received some splendid advertising bro- 
chures from Mehan & McCauley of C. C. C. C, Des Moines, 
lowa. This school is enjoying a very prosperous year. 

— J. A. Elston haa opened a school of penmanship at 
Canton. Mo., and is meeting with success. 

— We have received programme and invitation to the 
Tenth Anniversary and Christmas Entertainment of the 
Goldy, Del., C. 0., which was a very enjoyable affair. 

— From the Utica, N. Y.. Mornina Herald, we noticed 
that Capt. A. B. Fumer, principal of the Commercial De- 
partment. Fail-field Militaiy Academy, has opened an 
evening school of business in Herkimer, N. Y. 

— We have received programme of the Twelfth Cora- 
mencemeut Exercises of the Cleary Bus. Coll., Ypsilanti, 
Mich. The front page pen design was by the penman of 
the institution, C. C. Canan. It is a very artistic piece of 
work. A splendid programme was rendered. 

— B. M. Winkleman, penman, Ft. Smith, Ark., C. C., 
is warming the students up in the line of business writ- 
ing and is meeting with, success, 

— In a letter accompanying the subscription list re- 
ceived from Mrs. C. H. Shattuck, Campbell Uni., Holton, 
Kan., she says : '" I find the lessons in drawing given in 
The Journal a great aid in my class work." 

~ C. C. Eearick, associate principal, Northern HI. 
Normal School, Dixon, HI., in a late letter says : " Our 
fall term of school was one of the most successful in the 
history of the institution. We never before had so large 
a num'ber of students at this time of year." 

— We are in receipt of a very tasty invitation with pro- 
gramme of the Annual Social and Entertainment of the 
Richmoud, Ind., B. C. 

— A Nora Springs, la., paper has the following to say 
about a well-kQown commercial teacher : *' Wben C. D. 
W. Gregor began his second year as principal of the Com- 
mercial Department of the Nora Springs, Iowa, Seminary, 
there was an even thousand per cent, increase over the 
previous year's opening enrollment. That is success." 

— L. P. Bettinger. penman of the Int«r-State Com- 
mercial College, Reading, Pa . in a late letter writes as 
follows: "Our school has opened with somewhat in- 
creased patronage in commercial department. In addition 
we have introduced a higher department 'preparatory 
for college, which we think will be appreciated here. 
We think that all point toward a snccesaful year." 

— We have received 'programme and souvenir of the 
Thirtieth Anniversary Social of Spaulding'e Commercial 
Coll., Kansas Citv, "Mo. The Mayor of Kansas Citv. 
President of the feoard of Education.' and other well- 

ipeakers were present. 

— Euclid Avenue B. C, Cleveland, Ohio, is no longer 
owned by the Caton Business College Company. M. J. 
Caton is sole proprietor. Among the new members of 
the faculty are Frank Longworth, H. F. Ciiimb and W. 
J. Dillingham. 

— We have received programme of the Sixteenth An- 
nual Commencement Exercises of the Elmira, N. Y., 
School of Commerce. 

Jtoreinentu of the Tearheri*. 

— W. L. McKim is the new penman of the Keokuk. la., 

B. C. Owing to ill health H. O. Douglass has been 

obliged to resign as nrin. of the Com'l Dept. of the 

Central N. U., Pella, la. W. X. Crider is no longer 

connected with the Carroll, la., Nor. Coll. E. Q. 

C4)peland. formerly penman in Cedar Falls Coll., is 

now located iu Faii-field, Iowa. W. L. Williams, 

formerly of Wausau, Wis., Bus. Institute, is now prac- 
ticing law in that city. Z. H. Lewis, at one time 

penman of the Baker Uni., Baldwin, Kans., is now sten- 

ogi-apher and court reporter at Covington, Va. L. B. 

Sanders, Class M.\ Com'l Dept., Fairfield, N. Y. Mil. 

Acad.., is with the Springfield, Mass., B C H. R. 

Barker, graduate of the Fairfield, N. Y., Mil. Acad., is 

assistant in that institution this year. D. M. Mclver, 

late of Martensburg, W. Va., has assumed charge of the 

Genesee B. C, Lima, N. Y. W. L. Alexander is prin. 

of Com'l Dept, Polytechnic Coll., Ft. Worth, Texas. 

C. C. Ewing, formerly of Evansville, Ind., C. C, is no 

longer connected with that institution. J. B. Knudson 

has been succeeded by Mr. Moyer as prin. of the Clark B. 

C, Chester, Pa. E. H. Thornhill is prin. of the Com'l, 

Draw, and Pen Depts., Shattuck School, Faribault, Minn. 

J. E. Tuttle, formerly of Hartford, Conn., but late of 

Tubbs B. C, Oil City, Pa'., is the new penman of Steuben- 
ville, Ohio, B. C. P. G. Johnston has resigaed his posi- 
tion in Eagan's Bus. School, Hoboken. N. J., and has 
secured a good position as bookkeeper in New York 

City. G. R. Stouffer, late of New Castle, Pa., is the 

new addition to Huntsinger's B. C, Hartford, Conn. 

F. 0. Young has resigned his position in the Meriden, 
Conn., B. C. For the present he is located at Yalesville, 

Conn. E. G. Wright, late of Lexington, Ky., is now 

head bookkeeper for the largest clothing establishment 
in Washington, D. C, and in addition has charge of the 

Pen. Dept. of the Y. M. C. A. of that city. J. H. 

Wolfe has succeeded C. L. Bond as prin. of the Com'l 

Dept. of Salem, W. Va., Coll. H. F. Cook has charge 

of the Pen. Dept., State Normal School, De Funiak 

Springs, Fla. W. J. Kingsland has charge of the 

Penmanship in the Y. M. C. A. School, Scranton, Pa. 

Ernest L. Thui-ston is princ. of the Com'l and Pen. 

Depts. of the Washington, D. C, High School. 

Mr. Adams is the new teacher of Wilson's Modem B. C, 
Seattle, Wash. — W. B. Webster is prin. of the Com'l and 

Pen. Depts., Ingi-am, Va., Inst. J P. Jones succeeds 

O. A. Whitmer as prin. of the Com'l Dept. of the La 

Porte, Ind., High School. W. A. WaiTiner, formerly 

of Tonmto, Ont., is connected with the Lyndon Inst., 
Lyndon Centre, Vt. A. J. Williard is once more pen- 
man of the Shenandoah Nor. Coll., Reliance, Va. H. 

C. Carver, the well-known itinerant penman of Red Oak, 
la., is on the road again [this season.— W. C. Elansora, 
formerly of Bayles B. C, Dubuque, la., is the new pen- 

V (■> r '^ ■ c 

jotlK Hxcc toiti.^kh 
e^OV Sm tircS oj n-M RobUc* ikai u»c.r£ . 

ctxct- inti' cmcT icliqttt! 
S&ax'a txof a. s(ia.hc <:>j ihcnx a.roxi.xii> lUv*/ 

««:mKCit« heart ojiititxc, 
l^^i>Y cin aolna tc> cpitit Ux&m all , ltii<* 

R..ii>i>»l'5l«w'^iuir hnxt. 

^I'lix hrci> .?f nxti ccw-licK tkcii co.)>& ti^ij.^ 

'!)lU| .ifcjiij uil<,aTttj .^v..acc|ul''st<.>aiT*, farc- 

jccll,3 fctxve taec rtcw, 
Ifer e'vc Ikt llic «Pi tiii-.c jcnk\ze.ii that 3 

ckcvw'' f»v i^oxi wl«" 
•^tVsi :ocvc"cxccut£i>"&^ "pr>jfM4«r'V'itlT a 

"coiiwnow &tceX )ie\-J. 

H. ^!"Sn 


miia of Sweet f>ll. of C»'ln.. Sharon. Pa. H. C. Walker, 

formerly penman of State U., Little R-K-k, Ark., is doing 
itinerant teaching thie vear. with permanent address at 

Collierviile, Tenn. E. L. Grandy is thenew prin. of the 

Coml Dept.. Denis'in. la., Nor. & B. C .S. F. Teter, 

formerly penman of Wat»"n's B. C, Memphie, Tenn., is 

dexigner for Mempbin Photo-Engraring (Jo. A. D. 

Deibert of r;atasaaqiia. Pa., is penman of the American 

B. (;., Allcntown, Pa. F M. Harding, formerly prin. 

of the Metroijolitan B. C Sioux C*itv, la., is Supt. of Pub- 
lic .Schools, So. Sioux City, Neb. T. C. Belsher, for- 
merly of Gainesville, Texas, is now president of the Frank- 
lin ('oil.. Pilot Pomt, Texas. O H. Bnckley, formerly 

iienman of Huntington, W. Va., B. C, is now at his home 

in P'-rkinH, O- \v. H. Niver, formerly penman of the 

American Temperance U., Harriman, Te'nn., is now prin. 
of the Coni'l Dept. the Friendship, N. Y., Academy and 
Union Free School. Fred. L. Vamey, formerly con- 
nected with the Holton, Me., B. O., is resting this year at 

Olamoii, Me. D. B. Anderson Buccec<ls L. M. Kelchner 

as prin. of the Pen. Dept., Highland Park, N. C, Dcs 

MomifH, la. Fred. C. Ball, formerly penman Mil. Acad., 

Highland Park, 111., is prin. of the Coml Dept., E. Maine 

fiinference Sem., Bucksport, Me. E. L. Hooper teaches 

in West Brook Sem., Hebron Acad., and has an evening 
private school in addition. His post office address is 

Woodford, Me. S. D. Everhart is prin. of the Com'l 

Dept.. Pittsburgh, Pa., High Si-hool. W. G. Ashby 

of the S. I. ifnr. Coll., Mitchell, Ind. 

-_j^-Jcer is penman of Weaver's B C., Louisville, 
Thco. Snowlierger has charge of the Pen. Dept., 
of the North Manchiwter, Coll. He was former student 

of S. B. Fahnestock, McPhenam, Kansas. W. J. Ives, 

located for several years at Oskaloosa, la., is now tem- 
porarily locate<l at Victoria, III. Paul A. Steele has 

charge of the Pen. Dept., of the Spencerian, B. C, 
(Columbian Univ., and Norwood Inst., Washington, 
D. C. Ho is a pupil of the illustrious Henry C. 

Si> E E. Mc('lain, fonuerly of ('alumet. Mo., 

is now locatwl at Keystone. *). —Robert J. Mcintosh 
Buccx»e<ls R. J. Hicks as penman of the Toledo, O., B. C. 

H. C. Peterson, Prin., Com'l and Pen. Depts., Flint, 

Mich., N. C, has resigned, and is now at his home in Blue 

Rapids, Kansjut. A. V. Leech, formerly of Curry C, 

Pittsburgh, Pa., is tho new Prin, of Greensburg, Pa , 
B. C. 

,1. H. SCHOONOVElt. 

We are pained to learn of the death of J. H. Kchoon- 
over. tencher of shorthand and penmanshiji in Duquesne 
Coll , Pittsburgh, Pa. Mr. Schoonovcr was until the 
beginning of the present school year, principal of the C!om- 
mercial Department, Deuison, la., ('om'l Coll. Prin. L. 
iT. Tucker of tho Commercial Department of Duquesne 
Coll., in writing to us about Mr. Schoonover's death, 
says : " He was a talented gentleman, a splendid teacher, 
with a strong character." 

To his relatives and friends, we extend oiu- sincere con- 


, Cnl., Mr. Arthur Ralph Kip 
nun iuiss I arnc Bell Abbott were married. Mr. Kip is 
juiiicipid of the Comnicriiiil Department and Financial 
Sc, i,.|„iv of 111.. Kiuiiltv ..1 the Napa, Cal., Coll. Miss 
Abl.,.n ...III.- Iroiii on,- uf .'niu Francisco's best families. 
We wish tlic hiippy coupl,' nuich joy. 

.Yfic I'lilnloynrtt, Srhtutt tfitiirmils, etc. 

— The improvement in the general get-up of business col- 
lege catalogues and literature in the past decade has been 
very marked. Many of the catalogues received by The 
Joi'RNAi. are models, in paper, engraving, typographical 
work and clearness of stating the purpose for which they 
are issuecl. However, there is room for improvement in 
ninny of the catalogues sent out by schools. Frequently 
expensive paper and fine t.Miogiaphical work are spoiled by 
poorly made cut-s. Again the engraving is of the best, 
but the (luality of the pajxT is such as to spoil the effect. 
Cccasionally, a catalogue that is tine as far as engraving, 
paper and typogniphical work are concerned, is a detri- 
ment to tho school issuing it, owing to the poor arrange- 
ment of tho subject matter and the muddled effect it has 
on the imnd of the reader. Of colu-se, the general public 
uaturally expects that business college men are leaders 
among business men and a school is judge*! largely by 
its literature. A clearly written, direct, to-the-point 
catidogiie, well illiLstrated and printed, cannot fail to 
bring business to any well-coudncted institution. 

— The catalogue of the Baker Uni., Baldwin, Kan., is a 
document of iW pages, plain, but direct and business like, 
fully covering all departments and various branches. We 
notice several very handsome illustrations of the Com'l 
Dept., over which our friend W. N. Simpson presides. 
as,«i8teil by P. M. Powell. 

— The new catalogue of the Capital CMty, C. C, Des 
Moines. Iowa., Mehan & McCaulev, Prins. & Proprs • W 
F. (}ie.s.semanj>en., is a very handsome, nicely illustrated 
document. We have also received a beautiful com- 
nienceiuout invitation from this institution and all their 
printing shows that they believe in flrst-class work. 

— Edward Toby, Jr , Propr. of Practical B. C, Waco 
Texas, sends out a well written, profuselv illustrated 

— The New York B. C , 81 East 12,5th street, Clement 
c tiaines, Prcst . i!«5ues a splendidlv written, handsomely 
bound catjUogue. ' 

. — The Salem, Mass., Coml Si-h., is sending out a neat 
thermometer mounted on heavy cardboanl, bearing ad- 
vertisement of the school. 

— The Stockton, Cal., B. C issues a novel circular on 
the front pjige of which Ls halftone portraits of the fac 
ulty and some two hundred students. 

„ ~ -T'';' ..''^'"'''i*"' Auui'al Catal,.gne of the Spalding 
torn 1 ( ollege. Kansas City, Mo., is handsomely engraved 
and printed. It shows this institution to be up with the 
times. • f c 

u 'T.J^^ Zaneriau Exponent, Zanerian Art Coll., Colum- 
bus, Ohio, IS a good example of what a coUege jonrnal 


should he. It is brightly written, handsomely illustrated 
and contains just the news that students and prospe^'tive 
students like to have. 

— W. C. Ramsdell, Prin., Middleto%vn, N. Y., B. C, 
is sending out very tasty announcement of his new 
school. 'The cover is an imitation watered silk. It is a 
business like little affair. 

— A handsome calendar, designed by Messrs. Howard 
& Brown, has been received from the 'Rockland, Me.. C. 
C. We have also received some very nicely printed cir- 
cular matter from the same institution. 

— Well printed college catalogues and college journals 
have been received from the following institutions : 
Healds B. C^. San Francisco, Cal.; Alamo City, B. C. 
San Antonio, Texas ; Actual B. C Canton, O.: Portland 
B C Portland, Ore.; Bixler B. C, Wooster, Ohio; 
Wichita B. C, Wichita. Kans. ; Oklahoma Com'l Coll., 
Oklahouta City, Okla. ; Bowling Green. B. C, Bowling 
Green, Kv. ; Merrill ('ollege, Stamford, Ckinn.; Paris B. 
C, Paris, HI.; Kenosha Coll. of Com., Kenosha. Wis. 

Fraternal Not es. 

— George F. Ogg, late Suoervisor of Writing, Fremont, 
Neb., has given up teaching and is now connected with 
Aultman, Miller & Co.. Minneapolis. Minn. 

— A. J. Cadman, fonuerly Supervisor, Mt. Pleasant, 
Mich., is now conducting a business college in Owcsso, 

— Miss Pearle Hopkins, formerly special teacher of writ- 
ing, Traverse City. Mich., died noine time since. 

— We have lately received news that E. K. Christ, spe- 
cial teacher of writing. New Britain, Conn., died on Oct. 

— W. L. Smith, Olive Branch. N. C, is one of the most 
successful itinerant writing teachers of our acc^uaintance. 
In a late letter he says ; " I have been making it a rule to 
offer a years' subscription to The Penman's Art Journal 
to the student making the greatest progress in my writ- 
ing classes. Miss Jessephene Parker, a bright little 
maiden, won the prize iu my class at Baybaro, N. C' 

— D. C. Carlton is no longer Supervisor in Colfax, 
Wash. We do not know his present address. 

— George Russell, prin. Com'l Dept., Newport, R. I., 
High School, writes a very interesting letter in regard to 
his department which contains 50 pupils. He ?nys : 
" Vertical writing has been introduced in the grammar 
grades, but no special writing teacher is employed. Draw- 
ing and music are taught by special teachers. I am bet- 
ter pleased with The Joi-rnal than ever. It is acknowl- 
edged to be the leader by those who know. I will do all 
I can to increase its circulation." 

— Miss Pauline Wannack, Macon, Ga., writes: "1 
have recently organized a class in penmanship for public 
school teachers. Heretofore, my work has been confined 
exclusively to the High School. ' I have been teaching the 
' Well's Movement Method ' with gratifying results and 
it has been adopted by our School Board." 

— J. A. Christman, N. M. Coll. of Agri., Mesilla, Park, 
N. M., delivered a talk on jpeumanship before the Terri- 
torial Teachers' Assoc, of New Mexico, at Albuquerque, 
N. M.. during holiday week. This is the way to spread 
the light. 

— Miss Mary G. Beam, formerly of Milledgevile, HI., is 
now special teacher in Marengo, Iowa. 

— In a late letter J. O. Wise, Akron, Ohio, writes : " I 
am having 140 t«achers to supervise in drawing, book- 
keeping and writing. Also have charge of a private 
studio, Wednesday evenmg lectures, and have many calls 
for Institute work. Who says 1 am not busy ? Really, 
I am becoming very much alarmed as to my ever getting 
time to search for a wife." 

— R. E. Rowe, Supervisor of Writing in the schools of 
Westbrook and Deering, Maine, and teacher of penman- 
ship in the Y. M. C. A. evening school, writes : " Your 
Journal has been a great help to me, inasmuch as it 
has assisted me greatly in teaching, and any earnest 
teacher will not be without it." 

— J. M. Niswander is special teacher in the Wauseon, 
Ohio, public schools. He has been succeeded at North 
Manchester, Ind., by W. R. Oyler, who has charge of the 
Pen. and Com'l Depts. there. Mr. Niswander writes : 
" I regard The Journal as the best paper of its kind in 
the worid." 

— Mrs. M. E. Swayze, Supervisor of Writing and Bo(»k- 
keeping in the Grand Haven, Mich., public schools, is hav- 
ing a successful year. 

— R. C. Bay, a successful special teacher in Mechanics- 
burg, Ohio, writes : " Your November issue is a regular 
feast and I can hardly wait until the December number 

— Miss Maud Ballou, formerly special teacher in Chero- 
kee, la., has given up teaching and is now living in Ne- 
vada, Iowa. 

— M. J. Yeomans, formerlv of Millen, Ga.. is superin- 
tendent of the Dawson, Ga., Public School. He is much 
interested in writing and says of The Journal : " It is 
by far the best paper of its kind in America." 

— Miss Clara Eckhardt, Gilroy, Cal. , is no longer teacher 
of penmanship in that city. 

— Seattle, Wash., has taken a backward step by dis- 
pensing with the Supervisor of Writing. The former 
Sup'r, J. P. Wilson, has opened a business college. 

Normal School Penmen. 

Pennsylvania is noted for her splendid State Normal 
schools and in many of them she gives particular atten- 
tion to penmanship. The Edinboro SUte Normal School 
has for the head of its penmanship department E. H 
Brock, whose portrait is presented herewith. He was 
bom in Coudersport, Pa., Octobers, 1870. The first six- 


teen years of his life he spent on a farm and in 1877 he at- 
tended Alfred University, Alfred Center, N. Y., taking a 
penmanship course under A. J. Davis. The next few 
years were spent in teaching in public schools, attending 
the Lock Haven, Pa., Normal School and Edinboro Nor- 
mal School. For a while he taught in San Luis Obisi)o, 
Cal., and Marysville, Cal. In ISIH he assumed charge of 
the penmanship, drawing and bookkeeping department iu 

the Edinboro State Normal, which position he still holds. 
In a late letter he says: " I have been a devoted student 
of The Penman's Art Journal and attribute my suc- 
cess as a writing teacher principally to that paper." He 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church and is an active 
Y. M. C. A. worker. In church choir work he is espe- 
cially strong, having studied voice culture with Miss Laura 
C. Dennis of New York, and John Undemer of Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

Shorthand and Longhand in Queen Bess's Time. 

The art of " brachygraphie," or shorthand as we 
call it now, is by no means a modern invention. 
Even the Greeks and Romana had their system of 
abbreviating language, using it to take down public 
speeches. By the time of the Renaissance the art 
had grown to considerable proportions. England 
has always cast a more favorable eye on tlie system 
than any other country, and in the days of Queen 
Bess stenographers were plentiful. Tliey were not, 
however, contented with reporting merely speeches 
and sermons, but copied down the dramas of the 
time, and almost always got credit for their theft 




owiDK to the miserable copyright laws. It is not 
surprising then that John Webster should make 
Sanilella in the court room scene of the " Devil's 
Law Case " eiclaim : 

" Do yon hear, officers, 
Yoo moHt take special care that yoa let in 
No brachygraphy men." 
Surely the circumstances must have been exas- 
perating to those sturdy old dramatists if such lines 
iis the follomng of Thomas Heywood in the pro- 
logue of his play of "Queen Elizabeth " are true. 
He says the play 

■ Dill thronit the seats, the boxes and the stage, 
.S) much that Home by stenography drew 
A plot, put it in print, scare* one word true." 
The mangled condition of many of our finest 
Elizabethan dramas can largely l)e attributed to 
tlie.He "bracliygraphy " men. Of the systems of 
this time we have knowledge of but two. those of 
Timothy Bright and Peter Bales, but considerable 
is known of the life of these men. 

Timothy Bright was bom in 1551. He studied 
medictiiie at the University of Paris, where he barely 
escaped death at the massacre of St. Bartholomew. 
His work on shorthand appeared in 15H8. Here is 
its title : •■ Caracterie. An arte of sliorto swifte and 

si'c-rete writing by character. Invented by Timotlie 
Di-iglit. Doitor of Pliyiicke. Imprinted at London 
by I. Windet the Ass'igne of Timothe Bright." A 
copy of this old book is still to be found in the Bod- 
leian Library, but tlie characters, being written in 
ink, are now barely distinguishable. The benefits 
of the art Bright thus expounds: "The uses are 
divers: short that a swift hand may therewith 
write orations, or public actions of speech, uttered 
as becometh the gravity of such actions verbatim. ^^ 
Bright's syst«m has an alphabetical ba.sis, but, as 
the signs are not simple enough to be easily joined 
together the method is only alphabetical as regards 
the initial letter, the remainder of the word being 
purely arbitrary. " A " was represented by a 
straight line, the other letters being formed by add- 
ing hooks, circles and ticks at the beginning. This, 
with a certain position and an additional mark at 
the end of the letter, was all that was given to recog- 
nize the words, of which there could be, of course, 
only a limited number. Consequently, the method 
was at once inadequate and faulty. 

Peter Bales seems to have been the better known 
of the two, for he devoted himself more exclusively 
to the study of penmanship. Already when a stu- 
dent at Oxford — it is rather noticeable that both 
were university men — he had gained a reputation 
for the dexterity of his pen. He did con.siderabl6 
copying as well as much microscopic writing, in 
which latter he excelled all of liis time. One of his 
works was a Bible written so small that it could be 
inclosed in the shell of a walnut. This was publicly 
praised by the Queen, and so at once gave Bales b 

It seems that about this time he settled down as a 
teacher of shorthand and penmanship, occasionally 
doing a little copjing. and at times even some forg- 
ing for Cfovernment purjioses. However, in the last 
named ix-cupatiou he was not wholly unscrupulous, 
for there is record of one cjuse in which he ex 
posed a certain John Danyell. who wished Mm to 
counterfeit some letters of the Countess of Essex. 

A story is also related alwut Bales of a great con- 
test in penmanship that timk place in 1395, in which 
lie came out v-ictorious. The contest wa,s held in the 
morning l)etween seven and eight ' ' at the Black 
Fryers, within the Conduit Yard next to the Pipe 
Office before five judges and lOli people, " The prize 
was *a, large gold pen, which Bales, who seems to 

have been a pompous fellow, had "brought to his 
house by fotire of the judges and delivered unto 
him absolutely as his own." 

In 1397 appeared his book on shorthand : The 
Arte of Brachygraphy, that is, to write as fast as a 
man spaaketh treatably. Bales' method was to 
group the words in dozens, e.ich headed by a Roman 
letter, and the words properly distinguished by the 
use of commas and other marks, certain positions 
corresiwnding to certain words. No matter how 
complicated these systems seem to us nowadays, 
that they could bs of practical use to who 
mastered them was proved by their mdespread 
adaptation. During the teigti of Jame.-; I the sys- 
tem of John Willis, on wliich the modem Pitmanic 
one is largely based, wa^ gradually developed, and 
so took away much of the praise that should have 
fallen on the earlier inventors. — N. Y. PoM. 

Well-Known Supervisors. 





We present herewith the portrait of Mrs. Helen W. 
McLean. Supervisor of Writing. Covington, Ky.. the prize 
winner in The Jr)UUNAL's Public School Supervisor Wiit- 
ing Competition, for the greatest number of pupils mak- 
ing the greatest improvement. Mrs. McLean was born 
and reared in Covington and was educated in the Wes- 
leyao Female College, Cincinnati, O. She began teaching 
in the Covington Public Schools in 1K8I, and in 1890 was 
appointed Supervisor of Writing, which position t^he still 


holds. She has attended the Zanerian Art College, Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, taking public school drawing and writing 
courses and her aim is to teach practical business wnting. 
She has succeeded in abolishing the use of slates and lu-r 
pupils have made splendid advancement under her able 
supervision. Mrs. McLean is the widow of a regular 
army officer and has a wide circle of friends in Covington 
and vicinity. 

The Boy Knew. 

Teatrhi-r : " Now, suppose there were five boys going 
skating and they had only three paire of skates ; how 
many boys would have to look on ? " 

Boy : " I know ; the two that got the worst of the 
tight."— //(N-pec'.s Hound Table. 

The press was not granted by monarchs ; it was not 
gained for us by aristrocracies ; but it sprang from the 
people, and, with an immortal instinct, it has always 
worked for the people.— i»israefi. 

/ ^€r/e'^^^ci^^n.€ly/i^^ei?i. /^fS 


-r«-;»«^ aye 




'^e/ima/L^ Q^PtkCQ^tttAja,^ 


jl^j^Jpl^ ^ii gf < 5^- ^'' ^ 7g »t yt -Ac^ ■-$< ^ 

ii-n>-.-\J^g-^-^y^>^d^:V J^ 

•^ -^?«— 

V ^ -^ 

iug of these students. The English script speaks for 
itself. It is evidently written with very little move- 
ment and with little speed, but. nevertheless, it ex- 
cels the majority of the work of the pupils of our 
hRst English and American schools written under 
the same conditions. 

In the educational exhibit from Japan at the 
World's College Ex^Kisition in Chicago in 1893. we 
were astonished to see the general degree of excel- 
lence in the English script of Japanese students, and 
no less surprised to see many bound volumes of very 
long essays on alistrnse sub;ect8. all WTitten in very 
good English. 

The letter from the Minister of Education to The 
Journal, and the English script translation accom- 
panying it, both of which are presented herewith, 
. will give a fair idea of both the Japanese and Eng- 
lish writing of the high class Japanese people. 

A Qem of Baboo Ensllsh. 

A gem of a memoriii! from the Imliun Education De- 
partment : " Madam, during my fatality and prece.stina- 
tiou. I lost my emploj-meut and my orbits ause me as a 
pilgarlic, shiftless, and unjireterred man here, I have to 
ndmoniBh my legs to the foreign (•ountries for this ill fame. 
I, therefore, most respectfully deprecate you to excuse 
the unextinguishalile malefaction, defying your orders 
which I was doing in your schools. I thought that I might 
1)0 permitted as your solilidion to teach that class with an 
increased salary, but my bad luck has driven me out of 
employment."— irc.tfmiiis/er Gazeftr. 

WRlTlNt; OF THK WORl 11.- lAPAN - 

O, T0Tl,Fl0U«KA,. (T, 


xarlly (Ik- samo-rxcrpC tlint llie Newa EdIII 
iiiB roiiro.vira |ia»r« drvoK'il Co Ni'tvaaiid IfUnv 
any. ;AII IllBlriicllon realnrr> will apiirarln bn 

Pen Prodigies. 

vyr2,-<»-^- .0 ,^^^-^^%,_, 

John E. Loamy, whose portrait and autograph are 
sliuwu herewith, was boru June 23, 1S80, in West Rut- 
land, Vt., and is now consequently but n few months over 
llft<>en years of age. He is a High School graduate and 
also a graduate of the Commercial Department, Perry 
Business rollege, Rutland, Vt., where he received inspir- 
ation and instnu-t(in from L. J. Egelston, i)enman of that 
mstitution. There is considerable dash and swing to Mr 
Leainy's work, and all his writing is done with the fore- 


I HE little uuiid from 
school who made the 
initial at the opening of this arti- 
cle lives in faraway .Tapau. and 
when she was painting it on Jap- 
anese iMiper with her camel's hair 
brush and saucer of ground India 
(Chinese) ink. in the girls' primary 
school in Tokio. she had no idea that a ■move- 
ment exercise" in brush-marking of hers would 
ever be used as an initial in The Pe.nuan's Art 

The Minister of Education of Japan has kindly 
furnished The Joirxal with a large variety of 
Japanese writing and English script from all grades 
of the Japanese schools, from the primarj- to the 
liighest normal and conmjercial schools. We" present 
herewith samples of the Japanese and English writ- 


Tokyo, yAPAN. 





and Hpacp. Spwii 

lillivillmV. No aiivVrtlscmcn'lli'ken 'for Yes» timli »2. 
Iliindri-dii of brnnlllul nnd nnrml bookn iirr liKlril In 
itir n(>w book ond prrnttnm rntnloaue. wilb coinbinnlioti 
riiira In ronlK'rllon wllb "Jouriinl" i<ub»crlplioii«, bolb 
i>-«v find rrncwnU. HlnKlr and in clobM. Am wr Klve thr 
'iib.rrlbi-r brnrnt oflhr Inriirsl wboli'Knlv rrducilon on 

h<' book- In ronnrrllon with the rombinnllon ollrr, il. 

nguf-nlly hupprnn Ihni be In i-nnblrd to oblniu book 
ind pnprr nl ronKldrrnbly Irim Ibnn the book nioni' 
>tnuld rONl of nny denlfr. It will pay nny Inlflliirt^nl 

.irxon lo > I a. Iwo-rrnl nlninp for tbin cnliilouiie. 

Iiiny vnlniiblf NUKseNllonM Tor prrnentM. 


Editorial Comment. 

A Happy New Year. 

^'ood resolution season is at band 
r« more; '95 is behind and '90 
ahead. The Joubnal begins 
with this number on its twen- 
tieth year. It has grown stronger 
as it has grown older ; it hopes to 
grow much during 1890— bow 
much will depend, to a large ex- 
tent, on our friends. 

Our New Year's resolution is to make The Jour- 
nal better than ever. 

To subscribers and friends we wish A Happy, 
PitospERous New Year. 

The Paekaril Testimonial. 

Cliairman Miller and his associates of the Packard 
Testimonial Committee are gratified at the hearty 
approval which their plans relating to the testi 
mouial have received from the business teaching 
profession. As The Journal predicted, the matter 
has aroused great interest among our people, and 
the testimonial promises to take such proportions 
with respect of the number of its creators as to 
make the heart of our young friend of seventy swell 
with pride. But his head -never. 

Full particulars relating to the testimonial are 
nnbodied in a circular issued by the committee, 
which consists of Mr. Charles M. Miller, New- 
York ; Mr. George W. Brown, Jacksonville, 111 . 
Bu-i. College, and Mr. J. R. Carnell, Albany, N. Y., 
Bus. College. Any one may receive a coiiy of the 
circular by writing to either member of the com- 
mittee. When the list is complete we hazard the 
conjecture that very few names at all prominently 
identified with business education will be lacking. 


uder Oui. (irnrrnl 
piiil Trni'hrrH- An- 

A iii.ciHious sDct'Ess ! Such was the verdict of 
all who attended the Chicago meeting of the West- 
ern Penmen's -Association, held in the rooms of the 
Chicago Business College, 4.i Randolph street, De- 
cember ati to 28 inclusive, 1895. 

It was the largest attended and most representa- 
tive gathering that ever assembled under the banner 
of the Western Penmen's Association. It was per- 
haps, the largest attended meeting of business teach- 
ers ever held in this country. The air was full of 
enlh.i.siasm,- chalk dust," - curves, " 'actual busi- fn.m the start." " text books," and the proceed- 
ings wejit off with a \-im and a d.-ush that was invig- 
oratmg. The Chicago papers attributed the success 
of the meeting to the fact tliat it wa.s held in Chicago 
and that the meetings heretofore had been held • in 

snch out of the way places as St. Lonis, Mo. ; Lin- 
coln, Neb. : Des Moines, la. ; Louisville. K.v. : " but 
nearly every one agreed with the Chicago papers 
that much of the success of the meeting was due to 
the central location of Chicago, which enabled more 
members to attend with less inconvenience than in 
any other locality that conld have been chosen. So 
thoroughly did this sentiment prevail that Chicago 

J. W. McCASl.lN, 


was selected as the next place of meeting, and the 
'90 meeting will be held in the rooms of the Metro 
politan Bus. Coll., Chicago. 

The programme was well arranged and well car- 
ried out. The papers and talks were prepared with 
care and covered a wide range. The subjects were 
selected in order to provoke discussion and discussion 
seemed to be in the air. It "the pen is mightier 
than the sword, ' ' then it would appear that the pen- 
man's jaw is mightier than either. Facility in hand- 
ling the pen evidently develops facility in debate. 
One of the most arduous duties of the President was 
to decide who had the floor, so anxious were all to 
debate the various questions. Every conceivable 
phase of every subject on the programme was thus 
brought out and much good resulted. 

ThnrHdny's I'voceettiitys. 

When President Kinsley brought down the gavel at 1(1 
a.m. , Thursday, December 26, there was already in at- 
tendance the largest number that had ever been preEent 
on the openuiB day, and the ball was started rolling at 
once and did not stop until nearly midnight Saturday 
night. Sessions were held beginuingat9a.m. eachdayand 
ran until II p.m. mth a short intermission at noon (or 
lunch. Evening sessions were held beginning at 8 o'clock 
and proved very enjoyable. 

The proceedings opened with an address of welcome by 
A. C. Gondring of the Chicago Bus. Coll., who welcomed 
the Association on behalf of the citizens of Chicago, the 
business colleges of Chicago and his own school, the Chi- 
cago Business Colege. A brief responese was made by the 

Communications were received from D. R. Lillibridge, 
Lincoln, Ne^r., P. B. Courtney, Kansas City, Mo., and 

E. H. Robins, Wichita, Ean., conveying greetings to the 
Asssociation. H. G. Healey of Cedar Rapids, la.. Bus. Coll., 
sent a communication in regard to making shorthand and 
typewriting work a feature of the Association, and also re- 
qnesting that a committee be appointed to examine teach- 
ers in these special branches for certificates, etc. This 
matter was referred to the incoming Executive Commit- 

The President appointed A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, 
la,, chairman of the Press Committee, with power to 
select other membere. Mr. Palmer selected G. W. Brown, 
S. S. Packard, D. W. Springer and O. M. Powers. This 
committee did verj- efficient service by ha\'iug Chicago pa- 
pers report the convention and send report«ni to attend 
the meetings. 

The programme opened with a general discussion of 
movements used in writing. Those participating in the 


discussion were Peirce, Palmer, Parsons, Mrs. Swayr*, 
Hiser, (iordon, Roudebushand Bachtenkircher. Themovfr 
ment question was discusssed several times during the 
meeting and elicited considerable interest. " Rapid Cal- 
culation," by C. C. Rearick, Dixon, III., was the next 
numlier. and was discussed by Peirce and King. Some 
lively mental calculation work wius done by Messrs. 
Rearick and Peirce, and several members of the Conven- 
tion. " How to Start a Class of Adults in Muscular Move 
ment," was a topic handled by L. M. Kclchner, Dixon, 
111. Mr. Kelctner handles cla-sses of several hundred stu- 
dents in the Northern HI. Nor. Stbixil, and from his ex- 
perience was able to tell the ('onventiou how to do it. He 
niaile a gooii presentation of the subject and one that pro- 
voked much discussion. Those taking part in the discus- 
sior, were Parsons, J. F. Barnes, Bussnrd, Lister, Mills, 
(iordon, Russell, Wallace, Potter, Peiixe, McCasIiii 
" Figureji,'' was the topic assigned to C. ^f. Crandic, Chi 
cago, and as teaching order, spewl, etc., of flguns wliicli 
hud been cropping out from time to time in ether di.<cus- 
sions, a lively debate now proceeded, which was taken 
part in by Peirce, Fanst, Thornbiu-gh, Roudebush, Dud- 
ley, Parsons and Brown. 

In the evening, the President's address, by W. J. Kins- 
ley, of New York, opened the pro.granime. The main 
features of the address were the recommendations sug- 
gesting change of name of the Association ; broadening 
the scope of work and increasing the membership ; issu- 
ing of professional certificates to members passing exami- 
nations for teachers and supervisors ; issuing of cei tifi- 

cates to successful competitive exhibitors of business 
college, public school writing and public school drawing ; 
and change of time of holding the Convention. All these 
recommendations were acted hpon, and all practically 
agreed to except the one in regard to change of time of 
holding meeting. It was found that the most suitable 
time was during Holiday week, and the As-sociation voted 
to meet at that time in "9H. Upon vote of the Association, 
the President was authorized to appoint a committee of 
live to report on the recommendations. The committee 
consisted of Messrs. Springer, Palmer, Brown, Spencer 
and Warr. After considering the matter, this committee 
reported to the Association later in the meeting and sug- 
gested that the name be changed to Fedkbation of Com- 
;\rEU('iAi, Tkachers' Associations, and that under this 
general title be incorporated separate and distinct bodies 
known as 

Western Penmen's Association. 
Wbitinh and Drawing TEACnKRS' Association. 
Shorthand and Tvpewritino Teachers' A.ssociatiok, 
Bi'siNESs Teachers' As.sociation. 

This report was adopted by the Association and the 
same committee authorized to draft a new Constitution, 
which was done. Under the new Constitution, each As- 
.sociation elects its own President, Vice-President, Secre 


Ury and Execntive Committee of three. Theee four As- 
wiciations jointly wjlect the officers of the Federation,— 
Pn*ident, \'ir#- President. Secretary, Treasnper and 
Execntive (Vimmittf'c of three. Each of the four Aseo- 
riatioDH makeM up its owd programme, of course working 
in harmony with the other Assoc iat ions and the general 
Federation. In the future, part of the day will be de- 
voted to general programme and part of the day devoted 
U> the Bixicial programmen of the four AseociationB. 

Following the Preaident'B address came one of the old 
fashioned exi)enence meetings, where each member who 
(M^old Hing, Mixak or ttU a story was called on to con- 
tribute his iMirt toward what developed into a jolly pro- 
gramme. All new members were called on to stand and 
say a few words by way of introduction and the follow- 
ing old members were calle<l out to contribute toward the 
amusement of the Aaeociation : Faust, Desmond, Spencer, 
Warr. MacX^rmac, Brown, Kinsley. 

Friday'm I'rof/ramme. 

On the opening of the Friday morning session, A. C. 
Webb, on Ijehalf of G. W. Wore, of Dallas, Texas, pre- 
Konted to the Association a handsome gavel made of Texas 
w<kk1 nnd lalM-le*!, " A Texas (Jreeting." The gavel was 
iu<y!pt(!d and a vote of thanks tendered Mr. Ware. A 
rewilution wiis adopted that the gavel l>e ])resented to 
I'resident Kinsley on his retirement from oflBce. 

The first uumlx^r on the programme Friday morning 
was " Business Capitals, and Methods of Teaching Them,' 
by a. E. Ncttlet«n, Jacksonville, HI. So well did Mr. 
Nettloton present this theme and so enthusiastic did the 
members btecome in the discussion of it, that it was with 
<!iffl('ulty that the President cxjuld stop the discussion at 
the expiration of time. Those talking part in the discus- 
rp P(;ir<-(', Thomburgh, Bussard, Westervelt, Gies- 



seman, Wallace. Crandle, Fish. Lister, Spencer and Stole- 
barger. The star feature of the bookkeeping part of the 
programme was the discussion under various titles of 
" Theory vs. Actual Business." The ball was opened by 
S. K. Packanl, of New York, in a most able, clear-cut. 
convincing jwper, entitled, *' Theory and Practice in 
Teaching Accounts." Mr. Packard took the ground that 
from i>ractice were deduced theories that the next gener- 
ation of learners could save time by studying. In other 
words, that the theories were after all the result of the 
practice and experience of our predecessors in any line of 
work. Those taking part in the discussion were Marshall, 
Kinsley, Springer and Brown. By common consent all 
till' i>aiK'rs bearing on this phase of the work were 
l)laced on the programme so as to coocentrate discus- 
sion. '' Intercommunication— Business Practice," by S. 
H. Goodyear, Chicago ; " Actual Business from Start 
to Finish," Carl C. Marshall. Battle Creek, Mich,; 
" Bookkeeping -Oftire Practice," W. H. Sadler, Balti- 
more, Md. Those participating in the discussion de- 
veloped the fact that there were three classes of opinions : 
believers in actual business from the start ; believers in 
thorough theory training, followed by a brief course in 
practice ; believers in a mixture of theory and practice 
from the beginning. Those taking part in the general dis- 
cussions of these vjirious papers were Brown. Packard, 
Westervelt, Wallace, Goodyear, Springer, Weber and 
Marshall. Considerable time was allotted to these papers 
and discussions and all the meml)ers went home with a 
iH'tter understandmg of what wjis taught in the various 
systoins. Messrs. Goodyear, Marshall and Sadler ac- 
quitted themselves well and made the l>est possible 
presentations of their respective subjects. 

*■ Vertical Writing " was slaughtered by C. H. Peirce, 
of Evansville, Ind.. in a very able paper covering every 
IHissible phase of the question, accompanied by numerous 
tolling illustrations on the bhu-kboard. It was followed 
by E. H. Roudebush. of Chiciigo, witJi " Vertical Writing, 
the Fiistest Writing." The discussion was participated in 
by Panwns, StoleVmrger an.l so many others that it was 
ditficult to keep track of it. The uest paper, " Simplified 
Penmanship." by C. P. Zimer, created something of a sen- 
sation among the teachers of \vriting. because of the radi- 
cal views expressed by Mr. Zaner. He said that teachers 
of i»enmanship, himself included, have done much to re- 

tard the progress of their students in the matters of sim- 
plicity- and individuality in writing. He advocates ex- 
tremely abbre\iated or simplified writing, with very little 


The Saturday .S>**»om. 

At the opening of the Saturday morning session a reso- 
lution was oflfered by Carl C. Marshall to exclude text 
book publishers and others from advocating special sys- 
tems on the Convention floor. This resolution was voted 

^M^rnamental Writing." by M. K. Bussard. Cedar 
Rapids. la., was the next topic, and Mr. Bussard made a 
strong plea for the beautiful in writing. Upon request of 
the Convention. Mr. Bussard gave an exhibition of his 
skill on the blackboard, which elicited much applause. 
The next subject, " Business Writing," by L. M. Thom- 
burgh. Cedar Rapids, la., was of absorbing interest and 
was closely followed by all. Mr. Thornburgh's success 
as a teacher brought him scores of questions which were 
answered in a fair, convincing manner. " My Hobbies," 
W. N. Ferris, Big Rapids, Mich., was a telling plea for the 
education of the heart side of the student and was one of 
the hits of the Convention. Discussed by Stolebarger, A. 
J. Barnes and Packard. ■* Itinerant Penmanship Teach- 
ing of the Past." by Thos. E. Hill, Chicago, brought out 
many of the meth<Kls adopted by old time writing mas- 
ters in organizing classes. " Commercial Law," by W. H. 
Whigam, Chicago, was full of interesting points and was 
discussed by Parsons, Springer and others. " Business 
Correspondence," by W. F. Giesseman, Des Moines, la., 
provoked much discussion and a variety of opinions in re- 
gard to letter- writing. Discussed by Springer, Wallace, 
King. Packard, Crafton, Dudley and Ferris. " The Teacher 
of Bookkeeping," by J. E. King, of Rochester, N. Y., 
was an earnest plea for the ennobling of the calling of 
the special teacher and the bringing of the business man 
and business teacher in closer contact. It was most 
warmly indorsed by Mr. Packard and others. '* The 
Go.spel of Debit and Credit," by J. W. Warr, Moline, HI., 
was up to Mr. Warr's usual high standard. ' Public 
School Drawing," by A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn., was 
a most able exposition of what should be done in that hne 
and was enthusiastically received and much discussed by 
the supervisors present. " Business Writing," by J. W. 
McCaslin, Chicago, was presented in such a way that it 
stirred matters up at a lively rate and provoked a discus- 
sion that did not allow much drowsiness while it was in 
progress. Those taking part in the discussion were Stole- 
barger, Bu8.sard and Gordon. 

Mr. Crandle, of WyckofE, Seamans & Benedict, pre- 
sented to the Association n handsome gavel. A vote of 
thanks was tendered to Mr. Crandle. 

Resolution was introduced and carried that all commer- 
cial teachers use their best efforts to induce students to 
subscribe for Husbn'ss Etiucntian. 

The following resolution was unanimously adopted : 
" Resolved, That the hearty thanks of this Convention 
are hereby extended to Mr. S. S. Packard^ of New York, 
for the interest in the work which he has shown in at- 
tending this meeting, and we extend to him, by a rising 
vote, the hearty compliments of the season, with the wish 
that his health and life may be spared for many years to 

A resolution of sympathy with Robert C. Spencer, Mil- 
waukee, Wis., on his recent illness, was adopted by rising 

Invitations to the Association to meet with them in '06 
were received from Jennings & Moore, la. Bus. Coll., Des 
Moines, la., and O. M. Powers, Metropolitan .Bus. Coll., 
Chicago. Mr. Powers' invitation was accepted unani- 
mously, and the next meeting will be held in the rooms 
of the Metropolitan Bus. Coll., Chicago, during Holiday 
week, '96. 

The committee on resolutions, consisting of Messrs 
King, Siidler, Bussard and Wise, brought in special reM 
lution of condolence on the death of J. H. Schoonovei 
Pittsburgh, Pa. The same committee also brought lu 
resolutions thanking the proprietors and teachers of the 
Chicago Bus. Coll., Chicago press, Officers of the Associ- 
ation, Smith Premier Typewriter Co., Wyckoff, Seamans 
& Benedict. 

The President appointed Messrs. Bro wn and Spencer a 
committee to escort the new President of the Federation 
of Commercial Teacf.ers' Associations, Mr. S. S. Packard, 
of New York City, to the chair. On behalf of the 
Association, retiring President Kinsley presented a 
new gavel to incoming President Packard with a few re- 
marks. Speeches were made by President Packard, 
Messrs. Brown, Spencer, Sadler, Warr and others. 

After singing "America," " Auld Lang Syne," "God 
Be With You Till We Meet Again," and " Home, Sweet 
Home," the Convention adjourned. 

Atwood. F. H-, Chicab'o. 

Brown. GKW.. Jr.. Ottawa. Ul. Curtiss. C. C. Minneapolis 
Bullion W R., Chicago- Crafton. J. H.. Quincy, ni. 

Bns-sard. M. K. Cedar Rapids. Clair. A. L., Mt. Morris. Dl 
„Ia . ^ , Claybaueh, G. C. Chicago. 

Barnes. Arthur J., St. Louis. Chirk, M. J.. Chicago 


Owen. H. M.. Decstor. 111. 
Orerend. Edmund F., Evans- 

viUe. Ind. 
Orr. Omnt. Chicseo. 

Finb. J. F . Louwvflle. 
Fcrrin. W. N.. Big Bapid*. 

Frye. C. 8.. Chicago. 
GfXMlyear. S. H.. Chicago. 
Oordun. J. O.. Bocky River. 

Pa<;kard. 8. 8.. New York. 
Potter. E. A., Elgin. 111. 
Reistor, H. E., CenterviUe. 

GoDilrinK. A. C. Chicago. 

H<Tl(Kk<;r. W. B. Freenorl. 

HotutoD. Harry. Saginaw, 

. W. J.. Victoria. lU 
{, J. E.. Rochester. 

L<M>juii<, H. T . (Jlevcland. 
Lo«ie. E, J.. Rockford. m. 
Link. A. F.. Cedar RapidH, la. 
LcMley. A, W.. Chicago. 


Richman. J. M.. Corry. Penn. 
RusocU.V. M.. Richmond. Ind. 
Buetz. M. J.. Elgin, ni 
Bogen*. F. E.. Bochenter. 
Roudcbash. E. H., Chi<aigo 
Richmond, N. L., Kankakee. 


Sadler. W. H., Baltimore. 
Thornburgh, L. M.. Cedar 

Turman, W. T., Terre Haute, 
Virdcn, P. B., Chicago. 
Whigam, W. H , Chicago. 
Wise. Ja«. O,. Akron. O. 
Webb, A. C. Nashville. 
Warr, J. W., Moline, HI 
Wallace, A. P., Onarga, HI. 
Whitmer, O. A., La Porte, 


MacCwn.i,., . ,1 

Martthull. Cm 

Crec'k, Mi.h. 

McCanlcy. W, H., Dbb Mc 

Nottlpton, O. E., Jacksonville, 

I Westervelt. J. W., London, 

ugo. Ont. 

Battle Weaver, G, E., Mt, Morris. Dl. 
Wel;er, Jay J., Defiance, O. 


Zaner, C, P., Columbus, O. 

• Not present, but remitted dues, 


Barry, Lizzie, Miss, Chicago, Lhamon, T. P., Mrs., Elkhart, 
Blood, Harriett, Miss, Council Ind, 
Bluffs. Palmer, A. N, Mrs., Cedar 

Hnttic, Miss, Cedar Rapids. 

I. W., Mrs., Chicago, 

Charlton, Laura M., MIsj 

CenterviUe, la. 
Deitcfaor, Carrie. Miss, Ch 


Swayze, M. E., Mrs., Grand 
Haven, Mich. 
„-"-■„ Starr, Cora M., Miss, Craw- 

Faust, C. A„ Mrs,, Chicago. tordsville, Ind. 
Kowlcr, Maude, Chicago, 111. Shinn, L. Mrs., Chicago 
Fnrrar, Sybil M., Miss, Chi- Virden, F, B., Mrs , Chicago, 

cago. ni. 

Farr, Mory E , Miss, Chicago. Waller, L Viola, Miss, Charles 
Herdllcka, Celia, Miss, Chi City, la 
..''ft*',; . , _ Whitehead, M, Fronia, Miss, 

Hall, Mabei (1., Miss, Chicago, Benton Harbor, Mich. 
Ives, W. J„ Mrs., Victoria, 111, Wheaton, Momie, Miss, Chi- 
Joy, Evtt, Miss, Chicago. cago 

Johnston, Anna M., Miss, Ma- 
rion, la. 

Ofllrora and Coninilllci'ii for '90. 

fedkhation or commeiiciai, teacheiis' associations. 
President, S. S. Packard, New York. 
Vice-President, W. N. Ferris, Big Rapids, Mich. 
Secretary, D W. Springer, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Treasurer, C. A. Faust, Chicago, HI. 

Executive Committee, O, M. Powers. Chicago. 111.; A. N. 
Palmer, Cedar Rapids, la,: A, C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn 


President, L, M. Thornburgh, Cedar Rapids. la. 
Vice-President, C. P Zaner, Columbus, O, 
Secretary, E, C. Mills, Bushuell, 111. 

Executive Committee, J. W. McCaslin, Chicago, 111.; A, N. 
I'alnier, Cedar Rapids, la. : J. F. Fish, LouisvUle, Ky, 

Pwsldont, J. H. Bachtouklrcher, Lafayette, Ind. 
Vice-Prcsiilcnt, Miss Harriett Blood, Council Bluffs, lo. 
Secretary, Miss L. Viola Waller, Charles City, la. 
Eiecutivo I'ommittee. A. E. Parsons. Creston, la.; M. M. 
Desmond, JoUet, Hi.; C. H. Pelrce, Evansville Ind. 


President, O, A. Whitmer, La Porte, lud, 
Vice-President, Mrs, C. A. Faust, Chicogo, lu. 
Secretary, Miss Flora L. Blair. 

Executive Committee, M J Ruetz, Elgin, m ; Miss Fannv 
lilalr. Chicago, ni. 


President, O. W. Brovm, Jacksonville, Hi. 
VicoPi-esldent, A, W. Dudley, Chicago, HI 
Secretary, J, E. King, Rochester, N Y. 
Executive Committee, W, H. Whigam, Chicago, 111 ; U W 
f^prlnger, Ann Arbor, Mich.: J W. Warr, Moline, 111 

CoMimiffrr o« th« Examhiatioi, nutt Ainiril of Pro/exHiomil 
<crti/lcalr,.-C.C Rearick, Dixon, Ul : C P. Zaner, Colum- 
I'us, O,; A N. Palmer, Cedar Rjipids. lo.: W N. Ferris, Big 
Rapids, Mich ;. J. E King, Rochester, N Y.: J. M. Mehan, 
Des Moines, la,; Q. W. Brown, Jacksonville, ni. 

labile .sVAuol HVifinj; and I>rmring Coiappdlioii Crrtifi- 
.<i(M,_H. E, Reister, CenterviUe, la : C H. Pelrce, Evans- 
vUle, Ind : A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn.; A. E. Parsons, 
CroBton, la.: J, H. Bachtenkircher, Lafayette, Ind, 

CommiIKe on .-iicord o/ Btainean Collrije Wriltng Comprli- 
'iir Crrttrieattg.—L. M. Thornburgh. Cedar Rapids, la,: W. F. 
(liesseman, Des Moines. la.; C. P. Zaner, Columbus. O: E C 
Mills, Bushuell, 111. 

Convouttou Nofea. 

— The public school supervisors and special teachers had a 
iwrticularly largo and enthusiastic number enrolled, and had 
>H'ver«l well attended si>ecjal meetings in addition to the gen- 
eral pMgramme, 

— Much CTeflit for the carefully planned arrangements 
and splendid programme is due to the Executive Committee, 
Messrs. Faust, Palmer and Brown, all of whom worked hard. 
Bro. Palmer was particularly successful in inducing members 
to enroll and i»ay the initiation fee. 

— During the experience meeting on Thursday evening an 
Ohio member opened his remarks by saying, *' I am a Buck- 
eye, my wife is a Hawk-eye : what are -our children i " 
" Cross-eyed " came back the answer from a member, and 
the Ohio brother could not be heard above the din of 
laughter and applause. 

— By special request, Faust recited his dog story, after 
gravely inquiring if any one present had ever heard it before. 
As this was the tenth meeting at which the same dog story 
had been recited, a chorus of " noes " was the answer to the 

- A large number of "1*4 reports were disposed of, but those 
still desiring them can get copies at 7,5 cents each by apply- 
ing to the treasurer, C. A. Faust. 4,5 East Randolph street, 
Chicago. There will be no complete report of the '95 proceed- 
ings, as the 'W4 report proved an unprofitable venture finan- 

— Mes.sr8. Spencer, of Louisville, and Walker, of Owens- 
boro, Ky., took a stroll around the city one evening and c 



Kpport of Ihe >IrrCiuK, 

On Monday, December % a number of Southern busi- 
ness college teachere met in Atlanta, G!a., pursuuut to au 
order of the Cotton States and International Exposition, 
setting tliat day aside a** Busmess College Day. 

The exercises were held in the Auditorium, and while 
not largely attended, were characterized by enthusiasm. 

President Collier of the Exposition gave the address of 
welcome, which was a valuable teatimouy to the impor- 
tance of business education. He stated that at least uiue- 
tenths of the clerical help employeil iu the Exposition 

hotels " Saratoga, " He could not understand why they didn't 
name several of them Chicaeo. He said in tue evening's 
guiar intervals, he had counted seven " Sara- 
Upon investigation it was found that their 

walk, at quite regu 

toga" hot«la. Up< 

evening's sight-seeing had been devoted to walking round the 

same block seven times. 

— The weather \ 
self proud m ever] 


3 at very 

reasonable rates. 

— WTiile there were manv in attendance who were teach- 
ers and members of the profession, but did not join the As- 
sociation, the number was smaller then usual. This was 
mainly owing to the energetic canvass made by Bro. Palmer 
and the Executive Committee. 

— The plan of four associations met ' __ . 

sition, but all tnembers of the four divisions went away i 
enthusiastic in tiraiae of the plan, determined that their par- 
ticular division would have the largest enrollment in ■96. It 
is confidently expected that owing to the wide range of work 
now covered by the Association, the opportunities for work 
in the several programmes, and the central location of Chi- 
cago, will draw out an attendance from iOO to 500 in '96. 

5 little oppo- 



NLESS the2 advertisement is in- 
closed in an appropriate or dis- 
tinctive border it is not up to 
date, as a glance through the 
advertising pages of any maga- 
zine will prove. The contagion 
has spread among all classes of 
advertisers. Many use borders representing either 
directly or indirectly Ihe wares cadvertised. Here 


managmeut had received a business college training, and 
that these had given better satisfaction than those who 
had not such a training. 

The convention was then called to order by Prof. W. 
W. Fry. of Atlanta, and W. A. Ross, of Columbus, Ga., 
was elected temporary chairman and W. P. Garrett, of 
Columbia, S. C, temporary secretary. 

G. F. Hart ofifered a motion that the body assembled 
form a Southern Business Educators' Association. This 
motion was received with great applause and was unani- 
mously carried. The acting chairman appointed a com- 
mittee of three, Messrs. Massey, Fi-y and Price, on creden- 
tials. The committee enrolled all present as members of 
the newly organized association. 

A committee composed of Messrs. Hart, Massey and 
McLean was appointed on by-laws. The name given the 
association was the *' Southora Business Educators' Asso- 

The regular oflScers of tbe association were then elected. 
\V. A. Ross, the acting chan-man, was elected president 
by acclamation. W. W. Fry. first vice-president ; C. G. 
Price, of Knoxville, Tenn., second vice-president ; W. P. 
Garrett, the acting secretary, was elected permanent sec- 
retary of the association and R. W. Massey was elected 

G. F. Hart offered a resolution to the effect that "posi- 
tions guaranteed " advertisements sent out by the busi- 
ness colleges thr:)Ughout the country be condemned by 
the association and publicly denounced. Motion was car- 

The convention then voted to have a committee ap- 
pointed to report on the business college exhibits at the 
Exposition. This committee's report caused some dis- 
satisfaction on the part of two members of the convention, 


the pen artist must call on his wits to devise in an 
appropriate and attractive manner a border that will 
meet these requirements. Others prefer a more 
simple design. In these lessons will be presented a 
variety of designs that are most marketable to day 
in the advertising world. 

The most practical feature vriM be their design for 
commercial purposes as well as for copies for in- 
struction. After their mission is done on this page, 
they will be used by some bright advertiser to in- 
close his message. 

The border given herewith was made to suit an> 
advertisement. It is attractive and simple, and 
so constructed that it can be enlarged by the electro- 
typer to any desired size. 

For the best copy of this border made complete by 
any one under 21 years of age. and sent before March 
1. 1896, I will send choice of a copy of Ames" 
Guide or an engraved autograph of tbe win- 
ner's name. Make border twice the size of the 
one given herewith, that is. the length of the border 
as well as the length and breadth of each hand. 
Border should not be less than o or 6 inche*; wide. 
Note that the corner hands are larger. The hands 
on the right side should be reversed to point the op- 
posite direction. Try. boys, try ! If you think you 
can't win. try anyway ! 

who withdrew after the report had been accepted by the 
association. After a somewhat lengthy discussion by sev- 
eral of the visiting delegates, it wa« decided that the next 
annual meeting of tbe association be held at Jacksonville, 
Fla., the time of the meeting to be announced in the 
educational journals throughout the South later on. 

The association was organized on a permanent basis 
and the members are enthusiastic as to its future success. 

After voting thanks to the gentlemen of Atlanta, for 
the progressive spirit manifested by them in callmg the 
meeting, the press for its courtesies in announcing the 
meeting, and the Exposition managers, the association 
adjourned sine die. 


C. G. Price. Knoxville. Tenn. 

W. C. Toole. Americus, Ga. 

J. B. Leslie. Seale. Ala. 

W. N. Nunn. DubUn. Ga. 

G. F. Hart. Jacksonville. Fla. 

W. G. Massey. Montgomery. Ala. 

' J, W, Hayward. Charlotte. S C 

W, N. Phillips. Marianna. Fla. 


II Hrlf> Ikr Puc 

The Penman s Art yjournal for 
1896 (Twentieth Year). 

._jno'» An Joiiri. i 1... 1 '" 

enmmi.bip {ir Vm ..'.'.. 1 "\ 

Thr Pen 

nd ilia 

. ,,,. >peciiil hobbv to the exclusion of other im- 

Iiortiiiit fa<-t«rs in thi hiif c.l -i» n.i.ii.i.K. "I which it has been an exponent for nearly 

twenty vear». It is not hiilcbounil i.ud does not arrogate to itself all the wisdom or talent 
initiiline. It in broaillv rrpre«;nt«tive of the entire profession, alert to do the greatest 
possible goo<l to all the Various interests involved, and thoroughly in touch with modern 
conditions and methods. Each of its editors and contributors will do the particular work 
assigned him according to his best iudgment and ability in the way thai will make it most 
helpful tothoee whom it 18 designed to reach. If anyone has any better wav of doing the 
same thing— whoever he may be or whatever his plan— he is precisely the person The 
JovKNAL wants to know, and lie will be assured of a most cordial reception. 

In a word, Thk .Journals aim and purpose is to bring Truth to the Altar, from what- 
ever source, regardless of whether it shall square with our own preconceived opinion or that 
of others ; to place under contribution the best skill, maturest experience and most advanced 
thought that our profession aflfords for the bcneflt of the student, the teacher, the pen artist, 
the connoisseur. 

Mindful of the paramount importance of those things which touch life more closely 
on its practical side, those branches that are of the greatest use to the greatest number of 
JoiB.VAi, readers will have the largest share of attention. Of these, plain, rapid, modern 
BuNiiiess Writing will receive more emphasis the coming vear than ever before. It is be- 
lii'veil tliiit no jiaper has ever offered so thorough or so helpful a program in this line 
we are laying out for the coming vear only partially outlined below. 

// /ri iiimlhiiiij ahoul imuiKnishi'li, yuu uill fiiitl il in the I'nitimn's Alt Jounia 

i that 

A 4'ou 

rue « 

r Leu 


will o.vteiid 




form, el«r.. 






, sens 



Tllr B 

cnn W 


LeadliiK Hu 



of •riiT ,T,„ 


» I" H"l 

vritinK, and 

•K Wriliiis. By C. C LiSTEn.— This coui'sc 
rouiKi completely— position, movement. Sliced. 
Lister Is II 
the teilche 

iia ToBcborii' Open Courl.— Participated in by Fifty of Americas 
III Teachero. All copies prepiircd by direction, and under rbe guidance 
'I'liis IJepiirtment will present each mniith copies '"'' " 

I scan a i.nrue <'lu«> 
.Ij.UI 1.11 

liiMnexn rollesieoll 
iiiided by llie Biixiii 
>l AdiillN III Forear 

■ llipld llllslli 

■ill. III,.. UrII 

nHarj for Bi 

.llaile. (Illustniteil). By S. H. F. 
atcil). liy E. H. Roul 

fully 11) 

iiierirali BlinliietiK Wrlllns;. 
ss World. (IllustiateiJ). By C. 
I .lloveillenl. (Illustrated). By 
Wriflila. By R.W. 

lolV I IlltlU 


Write It. iHlustrated). 

r KIze and Relation 10 Bui 

IIV [>- A. (illlFFITTS. 

ami PractUeJI. aHustratcd) 
Nettleton, C. 

? have been promised. 


liieHK Capitals, 

\V. H BE.vroM. 
E. Webber. C, C. 


London. 101! 
• of uriffiiidl 

Aiiiri u iin jinirnal ever devoted cscliisively to the 

iinitiii I, B\ LanodonS. Thompson.— Mr. Thompson 
iiii'Klrntnlly newspaper illustration) to a teachable 
lii-ii;it»-(l Ie39C)ns. Any one can learn to draw, tiinl 
MiM and cariuatuiy work. These lessons will be i)u 

>\v siiulents, Tenchei-s and Business Men of Ditfenni 
I.— A hirpe contribution of specimens, with full in- 
s8loner8 of Education of all the prmcipal countries of 

' '" "'.'**'"-■ T)u:^»g}r ,,/the Furenrm and Its Modifying Jnfiu 
iim \i riiiiii:. Ry u M. THonNBunoH. 

:: : « lial II |^ and How lo Oet It. A Sj/mp()8i»»i.— Forty 

'^ ^ M"! -Ill init.lieiiTicw?, and theii 

iM'iu of the best penmen forhuodneds 
hj:iiiii illustrations will be used. 
Kiiuciital pen work (mainly flourishing) 

be presented ornamental, enffravei-s" 

1:; t Tlirir Comparative IVIerltH for BunlnesMPHr- 

'._ (niiistnrtedt. By S. B. Pahnestock. 

■ L.J. EwELS' 

npid AVrl 

I 111 U rltiti 

» t Some speed tests made by a Jo'DRKaI' 

nud CoDHervaltTe Forms 

^\ i;. W. Harman 

■ Frepnr 

1 I'hotOKii 

"■ ■ I Illustrated). By bis son. R.C. Spencbb — 
I' iits. the writinK of Father Spencer on 
' > I I '-'> '»f work in his busy life, will be treated. 
• il :nvin-s made especially tor The Journal. 
Hii*.lnrMN K^liools. 6y W. J. Amos. 
""• ""* ""• --'»•»• ■" <l»t' ProfeH»lun. By L C Horton. 



"-^h.'\,p';!*Ji;;I"i:,v.uUlMnH.^^^ -■n,,,M. will give new practical styles 

._ .11. iu the muui U" t mi tl at 1. l. m ^r ^ ''"' '' "^^"' «».^«>'>e8of work. 'The 


pel "«Tl?S,?,^^'f.?,-i;e,?;;.;Vs>iSl't"-o"li^t';;j? new j;^S^ '^'°' -"""^ borter .designs and 

CoUTtiP I 

Of pen Ictterir 

Liicriillv« Pen Work— A Series of Snperb Plates.— Enirrossin? for framing, a]bum> 

mmercial designing. 
M\>o.V,( HAS. F. JohnsoKiWm.A.Cowi 

Riu( F- McRae. R. W. Crouch^ Pktek S 
and other leading pen a 

. bv The 
unkS. pe 
. E. C. Ma 

t\uoughout the 


staff artists : Cha 

John F. Briuet, U. J.Scbweitzkr, 

. and bv C. P. Zaxer, W. E. Dknnis. 

By .1. O. QoRDos. 

Bv .1. D. Bond. 
_ il Public Sriinola. Bv H. Cn.VMPl.l 

nd General Wrlnen Work; Tbelr Relation 

Wlial He should Bi 

illiiin— lio« Seeured. ililustrated). By J H. B 
■ leal wnilna: ReiiuUa In Sl.Pa 
? I «e and .\bnse of llie-<op>-Br 
elal «Trllln<: I.e>>s< 

-■ In.lllnteK. By A. E. PAHSOXS. 

In Drawing. By Lanc.don S. Thompson, Directoi- of Draw- 

' t Tliompson's lessons duriUK 'M wcrejl great s 




2*^ The . 

for January devotes two pages to " The Making of an Upto- 
Date Business Brochure." A score or more illustrations, in 
line and half-tone, are used. If you have ever issued any sort 
of a catalogue, or ever e-xpect to, this might interest you. It 
might even help you. 

There are also two pages devoted to advertising. A number of the 
brightest magazine ads. of the monlh are reproduced. 

Problems in Accounting, Office Equipment, Business Law, Finance and 
Commerce suggest other features. 

The subscription price of The Business Journal has been reduced to 
fifty cents a year, five cents a"copy. With The Penman's Art 
Journal (News Edition), one year for $i.oo. Make it §1.50, 
and we will include a 


solid gold, handsome hard-rubber holder ; warranted to give 
entire satisfaction or money refunded. This combination 
would give good value at three times what we ask 





A pencil with a smooth, tougrh unifoim lead 
will ffreatly aid a good and free stjle of pen 

Dixon's " American (irnphite Pencils are 
unequaled for all qmilities most desiiable in 
n lead pencil. If your stationer doei not keei 
thow stamped "American Graphite ment on 
Penman's Art JouKNAi. and send 16 tent<; 1 i 
samples worth double the money 

Jos. Dixon Crucible Co., Jersey City, N. J. 


The Cigarette must go. 
The Public School Boys ] 
say so 

.p.. ... ^ V for badges of 

(lescTlptfons chet rfuUy furnished 






OnAHA BUSINESS COLLEOR. corner isth and 

Farnam. Ornjilm. .v<'l.. ol.lf^t. lariti-nt anil iK-at In 
th<- UVhi. kijii hiulnma, iihortbaQa. pen art. pen- 



I'ri'paratory, IndlTldual Instnit 

rti-ntii annually. Open all y»«r. *> nu- lor luii 

inrormatlon. E J. HKEB. PreB. 


A'-tual )iUHln>-M rrom Marl to nnNh. A ourt rv- 
iK>rt*'rf>f :*(iycar« .•xi».Tlen<-fl«'M-r»-» Shorlhan'l. 
IlnnrlM^mfat «'-)i'>r>l quarUTM Inlnillaiia. Ek-va- 
u»r. ftfylrlr IlKlit.Kan and iil4?«m ht-at. Writ* for 
Information , -JOUKNAl, WUILDINO." Monument 




Academy. ^hr>rtlinn<l. Typewriting and Telegra(>h 
Teiai." *"' 

flasbPllle, Uenn. 

ulogue. Snn 



1>K(JK, SttitK.l of Hliorthnnd nntl Tclpgrapliv, 
Allnntii. 'ill. LcadInK colk'ne South. Four pen- 





.IdH.'-, lul. One of (lie Ije8t estAbllKbed and moat 
tiiieeee«riil ediK-atlonul liiHtllutloim nf the Paelflo 
Hlope. Sneelnl Penniantdiln Department In cbnrKe 
or C. E. \f EUnER. H. B. \^OR4ESTEli. Pre.. 


'"'/r.'.'". *"""^ ■'"* i'''"'^ '*"■ InrKeHt private school west 
r.nili' e "«""■ . '"' '""'""■ I'i'P'l" now pro.»peniu» 


'-°yi.?<.^'.!-A?,.8J?^*NT & STRATTON BUSl- 

rsi'.sscfiLLKoE. Open throughout the 


time. Catalogue free. 

I..iiir«vilii.: Ky. 

Mest IDlrfllnia. 

*''?,?.^',-,',?<' BUSINESS COLLEQE, PHONO- 

Ivi.^V.r iv'",V"- '>"[! SCHOOL OF ENGLISH, 

niiceliK, n. \n. J. M. FBiSHER, I'rin. and 


'"'^'",! ';?!?J'f ,'**=!>'• COLLEQE, Dayton, Ohio. 

ongliaiid 1 > "i*^" t*""'' ^'*"'*' *''''"*'"''h«'fl- Thnr 

it'lhel''„i51r,.|;!l'!','"eipS.l!,^ t'ST.nV',"" ."■I"'''' 
college, that„"'a,^K Jf J^J°.'«J„J,''"»'"'5' 

vSr kMwi ln«t l?i,i?,. ^'"•"nlng this old and 

Hew l3orh. 


lii,'n.V't.i'i,lii \..i.'""^ /'twi/ioiM secured all short- 

?,., Cl, f ",',„»n'.!'mi,"Y"" .S""!"- All tK 

w.";rc»iii'FS,fe»^, j'r'"""' ^'- ^-S"' 


rwRi"jST:v>Mjcrpn'i:''''"''^' "'■''»'''''"■ hes^t 



kni^v'r".'hiS/"'"'''''''' '' ' '■ "■>''"-" «"ll- 

«S B NETIOH flmeiicans Warn me Best. 

UnderhlM's Rapid Phonography 

lllus. o.r" '"'" " ru.lVr'hmCV" K !',^;,y' k!'J i.^'Lp. N. y. 
tX-THK DSE OF CCTS on Iht, pagt or anv 

I Iowa. 

CATALOGUES of The CapiUI City Commercial 

ColIeKe and the Capital Cut School of Shorthand 
Hill he sent free to IntenuInK students- Address 
MEH-AN A McCAl'LEV. Des Moines. Iowa- These 
lost It utions are II rst-class business training schools. 



A STO-S'E. Fres.. Is not the BEST, bnt no other 
word will describe It because It hi HOXEST. 


tario. 2Nthy 

sfJN. F. C. . 


Gana&a, 1\ova Scotia. 


«l Vilme, iTu-iTuaranteeil. >. J. SNELL'. Truro. 



'liv. Mn . Is the oldest, largest. iH-at business col- 
lege In the West. Thorougli Instruction given In 
bookeeplng. shorthand, typewriting, telegraphy, 
ele. OatalOKUe free. Establlshe<r 18«S. J. F. 
SPAI.D1NG. I^M.. Prest. 



MKltn.u.C'H.LKGE. KItlr.'dge Building. Denver. 

r - (•..inhliie-l Curse. Practical .Shorthand 

i)m,->-- \V, .\. WOODWORTH, President. W. A 
.MlI'IICICSON. B. a.. .Miiuatfer. 12-y 

Hortb Carolina. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL., Charlotte, N. C. 



Enifltsh nnd Com'l Courses 

Vacation. Day and 

xcelled. Two 

Prln. Com'l Dept. 

IFnstruction Bv /IDail. 

Bookkpoplng. office rou 
talculatlons dncludliiK 1 
apld addltlim) taiiKht 

t.ii()Kki:f£plNa or Penmanship 

tmif, by mail, or personally : six 

. . . " i*>""'lfe(is of pupils lu positions. 

.ompet<'nt sliorthand pupils secure good posl- 

.11. Address MOWER COL- 


tlons: learn 
LEGE. Den 

¥ >• * 

Pierceton, Normal and 

' III. liana. Box 3.'i3. Auto- 
i 'I artist and Instructor. 

ravorlt** pen hni 

of duplicator prm 

The Jocrnal, I 

quest of r 

sons In a . . 

limited number of mall 

rates: sixmos, term. 24 1. - - ii.'VJ* 

term. 12 lessons, ts ; sHikI.- I. - ,- r-r ,h 

L.M.THORXBURGH. Cellar Ilupl, Is. Town, 

D. S. HILL, Penman, riarlon, Ky.. beautiful 

^.V.?.'"i"m.,li'*^!»,P'*«..S?'*''- ''"slnesa and fancy lO 
« ''"'*■ 'ouli eourse $;J Oc, cards lo cents. AH kinds 

SAVE YOUR A10NEY by ordering your Auto^ 

nmllc ShadlUK Pens, Slmdlng Pen Inks and Sup- 
plies of the " Automatic Man." 

E. Randolph St.. ChJcago, HI. 

W. S. MISER. Writing flapefvlsor l>nblic 

^ ■ ' ' Schools. Rlchmoiul, 

cheaper. Price »'..i<i to 8i,(»n Inraluahle to 
ME.Vand TEACHERS. Work and circulars fre*. 


J^*!':'''- Manufactured t)y A. B. Cush " — 

free. Special prTc 

P. M. SISSON. Penman, Newport. R. I. Your 

name on 1 dozen cards, fancy and bustness ciii>- 
Itals. business letter anti A beautiful souvenir, all 
for li> 2 cent stamps. 

SEND 35 CENTS lor firife Jpeclmens of Writing. 

Lettering and Flourishing, Can't help but please. 
Address JNO. F. SIPLE. oare Bartlktt's Bls. Col.. 
Cincinnati. O. 

ELLA E. CALKINS. LIIMlle. Iowa. I3 cards. 

25c.. 12 styles. 30o.. artrBtlc \vrltlUK. 10c. 

A. E. PARSONS, Creston. Iowa. Sticks to the 

good old text, which h«s been a helpful sugKes 
S!°^-J** thousands. LEARN' Tu WRITE YOUR 
NAME. Send me your nwne. written In full and 
25 cento, and I wfll stniTjou one dozen or nioro 
ways of writing It. wjA Imttuctlons : or send me a 
2-cent stamp, and I wlQ Mhd you. addressed In mv 
hand, price-list descriptive of lessons bv mail, 

extended ■.■•>. cuit^i 
cards, flourishing, 
need apply. 

— , capitals, 

—No postal cards 

A. D. TAYLOR will iftfld you his National 

Course of Twenty LessbOa In Writing for only Ten 
n-^iiB.^ r.™. -^ne-hatt in advance ■•--' ■ 

0. TAYLOR, tialvestbh Bufl. Unl." Galvest 
Tei. J., 

R. M. JONES. Pen ArtW, I8t9 Mary St.. S. S. 

Pittsburgh. Pa. One dOB. aaiotted cards 2.^ eta. ; 
unique specimens of peh Work. 25 cts.; resolutions. 

icrlptlonof oraamentS'ten 

lutlons engrossed froth 18.60 upwards. Corre- 

l work to order. Reso 

luiiuiis fiigrossea rroin upwards. Corn 
spondence solicited. A. B. DEwHURST. Utici 

E. L. GLICK. Bliss Business Colleire. Lowell. 

Mass. Idoz. Slgnatur.-., ..II r^ml- -s,7in..rhh !.■ 

Kant.30c.;;M,Il;Ll^ '^m,- |.|,,Mr-Mi,.,l -.^^ ;iii 
-a beauty. 23c.; all In- r.<\.- M..„. . r, r,ii„i, ,| n 
theworklsnotsntlsfai-nuv i >ii)i,iii, ii,.M, , i,,,,,, 
erly adjusted. 2lk-. I„.i:;i' Mii'k Imln Inu "lUr 
Half stick. :((ii- ].: |.-.-,.iis in i >i ri.,i,,. i,r i l \^ i' ■■ ■,_ 


Mcpherson, Ka 

Mant" a^0. 

In atmveri}nj (uivertmmei\Ui»igned bj/ a nnm-de- 
piunwi, delays and mistaHM are avoided hy sealing 
and rfampfnfl the rKVlie* rtadv fw maHina and 
writing the nom-de-plume in a corner, then ijiclos- 
im ««cft eeaied revlief in an envelope addresse^l to 
The Penman's Art Journal^ i02 Broadway. Is'ew 
York. Postofie mwit he sent fur forwarding Cata- 
logues, Newspapers, Pltotographs, Ac . 

Situations TKIlanteC). 

r|MIEI'KNJlAVSAl(TJOl ll\Al,TEA< li- 
1. r.IO in l{E.\| . l'i-iiilliiiinh|[,, riimuii.'lrlal 

well qiialiriid, reliabEc teachers seeking places' are 
lT^Tw4 .'SJ,'' '^HSJ''^^- No others need apply. Address 
202 Broadway. New York. 

T TF\<-|| r^nhnn. vhnrrhriTi.l tvl„uilti,,_ i„,i 

A TEACHER of bus. prac. book-keep., pen. 
com I law. com I arlth., Eng. branches Is open 
ror enk-fik-rmciit A h'raduute of com'l. normal an.l 
pen art ruur-e- ..r tli.^ West. Nor. Coll. Pamlllarwltli 

5t "i, ," I " I r<;ferenees. Age S7 : height .-. 

It. iii'v- In . iiiKiijijii.ii, Want moderate salarv. 

xreacbers 'Waante^. 

Small fee Ist-liai .. .i ( h. r, ,. ■ , ... , ■ . , j, ni.n'ii 

well Quallfled. reliable tt'iichen. aeeklug plac*S at^ 
wanted for our lists. No others need apmy. Address 
202 Broadway, New York. 

^■^ for another good script penman. We want n 
man who has growth In him— one who Is not ohlj 
willing to give us the beneflt of what he alrehdy 
knows and can do, but Is not above profiting by sUch 
hints as grow out of a business that has been estab- 
lished twenty years. Only those who have faith IH 
themselves and mean to make this a permanent busi- 
ness need apply. Give full particulars. Including 
salary required, and enclose script specimens. 

New York. 

I HAVE sonielbfngthat will Interest [everv Com- 
merclal Teacher who works on salarv. why not 
help one another? You will like the plan. Inclose 
stamp for circulars. Address COMMERCIAL TEACH- 
Mitchell. Indiana. 
Reference, Bank of Mitchell. 

WE HAVE a gooil opening fbr an energetic, all 
n>und commercial teacher lu a city on the 
Paclflc He must be a nrst-class man and willing 
to take some shares of stock In an Incorporated 
college. Address -C. C. C," care Pesjiav's art 


JSusincss ®pportumtic5. 

IF VOr WAXT to ri.i. I mitcIoI 

school proprietors autl t ; i * i->'rs of 

writing and drawing, etc.. im i i inm - -^:ltlt col- 
unms will put you In coiiu>tiii.>v..ii.->i uuh iliem. 
Possibly you have a pen, Ink, peiiht^tler .ir something 
of the kind to put on the market. You may want a 
partner for some business enterprise, etc. This Is the 
column to put you In communication ^vItll the right 

The price li* 8^2 .10 rnch Insertion lor nds. 
not lo txcrril one inch. II' two InMcrliouM 
be imid lor in nilvHucr ($.1) thi> ndverllser 
will be eutitled to n third inscriion free. If 

FOK SAIiR.-The good will and plates of a well 
advertised and widely used set of wrttlng lessons. 
Copper plate cii^Taviiiy ; thousands of dollars spent 

selling . ronlll- I - w |[ li |,| ,-.','iit bi 

y „.... Address "WRIT- 

ING LF,s- , vss ART Journal. 

"YY" •' ■ K 1 ^-•I,^,^ . Ji>j Broadway, New York. 

V: ^ y 

Scbools jpor Sale. 

each iniierlion lor n<U. 
Lh. If two insertlouo 
ce (S.'S) th(> ndvertlaer 

third insvrliou tree, il 


[N THE MATTER of selling business colleges 
there are, no doubt, offered excellent bargains, 
lut the college I offer for sale has never had Its equal 
orthy yourconsldera- 


jfor Sale or "llra&e. 

.\Vr. \'OI ^iirnr rar,- wuik.s ,ni jn'iiinanahlp. 


Itml. Vu 

. -It vou 

trade for soniethliiK y 

Il that 
ad. aiid sec bow It works. 
Tbe price Is »i.SO 

r pnid for In nilvai 

III be 

tied I 

third I 

I fre 



( ""'■ 

' ' -jiond with schools and eol- 

■ iiveulr pin. I have every 

I I-- of goods. A I4K Rolled 

fill scarf pin, 25c.. 83.50 per 

'lulckbefore you forget the 

I i-rmoney order. GEO. W. 

~ V l.K,.— Bra.s9, Courtols Model, 
.1 ^i.nd condition. Will sell 


T SQUARE WANTED.— I want to buy a second- 
hand Day Shading — ' " — "" - "" ■'- 
length of blade, pr 

id Spacing T Square State 

■ ng In use and 


School jfurniturc or Supplies 
3for Sale or JEjcbanoe. 

VKI-: VOL piittlnK In new furniture, and would 
vou like to of ytmr old furniture? Are 
you changing text-books, and would ynii like to sell 
your second-hand hooka? Would you like to buy or 
trade for some second-hand furniture or books ? 
Changes are golnir on all the Time, and the books, fur- 
nlturi', typrwrit.i- ..r ^upjill.H tliar you illspt-nse with 
'" '■■ • ■■ ■ " '■■■■'■' ■■ I 'A..!!!.! hi.,. They 

: .■■■':.;;;';;(: 

ir I 


The i>i . c I. -; 

he.imid 1..1 ii. ''.,'u e ig,J) lhe''adverii!!cr 

i»in be eimile.l 10 .. third lusrrflon free. II 
^Olt r^ALE,— Two National typewriters, as good 
as new: one used one year and the other eight 
nionths. Price, for one. »26; for the two. HO. Ad- 
dress "NATIONAL." care Pe-xma-v's a»t JovtLSiL. 

•N AHTrsTic tniaiiL 

York Hrralrl 

A Binder for the Journal, 

Neat, substantinl und convenient, will be sent 
free with ench $1 subscription <»f The Joubnal 
or will Ih- iiiHlk-d for 26 cenlB. 

-*■ Rochester Business University, Rochester. 
N. Y., is the lending prepnrntory school for 
commercial teachers. Those who contemplate 
tcHchinirtho eomraeroinl branches or teachers 
who wish to prepare for bettor positions should 
write for particulars. Benuttftil catalogue and 
circulars sent upon request. 




iiKK.uK l^ LyCy 



I hand can soon make i 
' principle, by tracing j 
Ml soon make a perfec 

KTiHivwl IctUT one 


Uroovert copies are \-ariou8 alphabets of capitals 
■^ anialt lettora st«nipea Into flue heavy card-lioard. 
ThelM>fflaulug ami endof each letter Is Joined, making 

nnd amalt lettofs Ntain'peiV 
Thetwfflnuingp * " " 
II a continuous 

^J^ P'*c>>« a pointed tracer In a grooved lelti 
h!^lTl »?<1 n»o^i>*8 through It ngafn and agali 
hand Is trained to the correct motion and can 
make a »H'rfeel letter with the eyes shut. 

I way to good penmanship Is t 
.. . . ^ jji^^ 

iK~" ""'"'^. ^^^"^■^'i iHjKiuon ana iree movement, as 

'iplSi^S^«^'£lH?i.„^SJ?L*?.^*°?-5*"''- ■*'^*'^ 


A sure, m 
grooved copK-». nuu uiusH-r oi 
Using these copies with clashes 

"r^&lfflOA^ Qy^C'd^tUAH^ 


Business College 


•Largest Oldest-- Best- 
t»iarac night courses 




secuftEO Bnr sniDENts 

Business Rrms Supplied with Help 


Send for Catalogue 1— 

knocked off that womao'e arms. 
■Let's move od. They maj suspect us. 

— School Board Journal. 

Things Accumulate 

in 20 Years. 

t they for a Tact— especially ir one happens to Ik- of a kind (bat puts ni 
s and lots of things 
c'learance"begrn'at once, Bnd"be got rhroiig^ 

hliigs aside thinking 
be cleartMi out of the way 

ir ofBce to accommodote growth make It ueiX'SSAry that- 



Niiiiiirlf,illy they run up Into the thousands— every 
Mvss \KT.louBNALand ourother publications. Man)- 
ngraved In dupllcat. i n-n.i - i. k. i- .,ii>"i>i'-. '"lovenient exercises, flonrlsnes. portraits, ftuto- 
■ 'ng. examples of^. i..>i >u i>, i:w. 

eof your own work u rfprt-onted In this big collection. Or very likely you may have u$io 

t of penmanship cut Imaginable 

1 lettering, example! 

> plate from a 
V, ■•■I'llel letter or Oi noiir i.u>, 
i by you without prejudice t 

', copy tine, moilel letter or ornate c 

s Interests. If so, this Is your opportunity. 

p general ( 


pllfy matters v 


Q8 " 
111 either dimension. PrI 
1 five Inches 
mail cuts of 

to (Ilspose of It. The 

Little single column cuts, such as signatures, small portraits, etc. Price iSOc. eneli, Inclnding postage. 

lip Includes all cuts not exceeding three Inches In either dimension. 

This group Includes everything larger than No. 1, up to Ave Inches wide or deep. That Is. not excecd- 

nches In either dimension. Price $1, delivered free. 

Cuts that exceed five Inches In either dimension. Price 91 each, sent by express at the purchaser's 

ourselves under obligation to furnish any uartluulnr cut. We 

Please understand that 

lid be able to send It. If 
send along the money. 

..nj- particular cut are largely that v.. 

would be promptly refunded, TTiere Is no need to write Inquiring. 

Two hundred copies of each Issi 
)unt to something like 50,000 copi 
■ have none to spare for the past 


e of the .ToiRNAi- since Its foun.l 

actual subscrlptlo: 

contain a great number of rare penmanshi) 

■ offer these back numbers at 2c. a c'ii>\ In ;iii 
undertake to furnish particular Issues. Nor, as e 
- .__..._.„. .- .. ^ u^^ ^j papers that yo 

present we offer these back t 
years he Included. If you give 


I for The Psn 

., all different, for (I . An opportunlt; 

■'s flubscrlpti 

t say whlclil and send thirty' 

order Invariably." If there Is anything In this ol 
"" " sav that we did not give vou notice. V 

short while, and shafi otherwise dispose of 

E back numbers o^ 

idlce. We shall proceed to clear a 

I for which there 

Ames & Rollinson Co., 


fiRT eoOCflTIOfi 

nas been completely remodeled and is now one of the most beautiful art publications 
in America. 36 pages. Si-SO per year; sample copy, 20c. "Method EJilioii," 20 pages, jjc. 
year; sample copy, 10c. 

A New 

title page by Harper R. Hunter, designer to Tiffany's, and one of the finest pen artists 
in the United States. He has designed many of the famous yacht prizes and is now 
working upon a design for a memorial cup for Joseph Jefferson, the actor, to cost $2,000. 


must see a copy of this new title page — a magnificent work of art worth $10 to any 
pen artist or designer. 

Something Else, 

a fine half-tone reproduction of one of the greatest paintings in the whole world, "Ven- 
ice," by Turner. A similar painting by this famous artist has just been bought from its 
London owners by Mr. S. P. Avery of New York for $50,000. 

Once Again, 

an article on I'lackboard drawing which will enable you to learn thisart, needed by every 
teacher of any subject. Every step illustrated and full explanation as to just how to 

Keep On. 

Something entirely new upon the subject of teaching Penmanship, by J. C. Witter, in an 
illustrated article entitled. "The Devei.op.ment of Muscul.xr Control." 

Don't Stop 

until you know the price of all this — only 20 cents. For 25 cents we will send a copy 
of "Art Education " containing the above and 


'.»/.'.' ' ;.i 

The newest and !> i .r Business. Large 

™°"Vl""-h' .'n'l'i' ','.'. 1. .,',",,',!,l;H''"Th?j°'' ^^ ' 

■ >■ ■ /■ ■ ■ ' .-"n»ihlMren-' - 

e home practice *vlll b«* sent on "receipt^ 
: .\DDRES,S ; 

Prof. A. H. HINMAN, Worcester, Mass. 

n should D 

he pen 
onsequently ' 

853 B'way, N. Y 

»i(>;.h(i ( It-anly. The pen does not 
' ■ ( ■ - j|.oii It. consequently there are 
± L:. :.■ jt. order them for your school. 

PRICE: One reed holder, postpaid, 10c.: 
2. postpaid, Iflc; 4, ^5c. and 2c. stamp 
for postage. Onedozen, 75c. More than 
one dozen special price. 



W 1 1 V ♦ h»i. It l»-.n tulavlnl by over iiOO nl tlie lulling Lolvcrult 
/ High HcbrioU of Ibe coilDtry within tho put 5 or « year* ? 

r t^enmana Q7liCClXwui/ii& 


Because ? 

L'Dlvorwitles, Collejjea, Academies and 

iliwlk-ally everywhere ? 

pOAlllon HyMteinschanKia^ofr to llie PERNIN? 

ard of MEDAL and DIPLOHA ? 

convlDced of lU SUPERIOR UERITS and adopted II 
W^LELY on thiit irrouad. 
It la a CfJMMON SENSE sliorthand, quickly learned. READ LIKE PRINT, 



ndii of Ht#no«fraiiher9 
rodA of writers of the old nhadeiJ a 
■lv<. thfexclUKlTe WORLD'S F.UR 
School Board wi 

i> hlKhpftt eit>eed.and adapted 

nd the adult. 


the compreheDSloii of i 


•Kf\» follow 

VEEKS lDt«t«ad of MONTHS and YEARS. 

_„ POSinON. few word iiltrn*. 

BKCACSE It can !« learned for proetleat u.w In « to 12 
Tbey feel the need of a more facHe and k'clblo ahorthaud. 
It waa adjudfted the BEST of all Ahortband »y«ten)a In use. 

Complete !*KI*P-l>*»*TRr<TOH, »l!.»rt. Moiie,y refunded If not satisfactory. Le*« 

in the trorrt, and 

' II. n. I'EUM> 

. 5fk-li. 1)111 om.«.vei»r. I.ul tlit TWENTIETH 
CESTUUV SHORTHAND Is an every-day 
tilpiwlDK. No disjoined vowel*. No vowel 
poHltlons. No arbitrary word-8l»fn«- A mar- 
vel of Himpllclty. brovlty. and legibility. 
Coinpli-tr Iwirik. •ir.O. Sample cii|)y to 

l.-i.rh.TM. «l...i.. Nimple« free 

T. C. STRICKLAND, East Greenwich. R. t. 






edge ha 

>uli.'.,>l .~.. ni>i>.li Ui.iM^bi ..M.I |.i,.,u.,,l kiiuwl- 
^cuivd for the s.vsteiu the proml posituin it now 
being th>> most SIMPLE. UlilEK, LEGIULG nnd 

Get " Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor," 250 pp. Price, $1.50. 

Ill iij 


rk fi 


!Sl>rciinru Pnnes. Aliihiibri nnd Knil Itnlei. Wrlllnu. lor 

ISAAC PITMAN &. SONS, 33 Union Square, New York 

TAKE LES.SO.VS at tlu- Metropoiitau School .tf Isaac PUnian shorthand. 15'2 Fifth 
>. Cor. 20th St.. N* •- " ■ - 

BulhllnKi.Cor. aoth s 

Rapid : 

1.1 Thorough In.llvt.lual Insi 

Itlntl. Moderat.. Ka 


The Art of Typewriting by Touch 
on Scientific Principles. 

I(y tills iiii'tliotl tlie student hi q ?liort time becomes capable 
nl wrltinu witliiiul the aid of the eyes in locating the keys, iind 
bv no iloiiijf can jfive more attention to the matter copied and 
tliUSil.'cnini^li^h III. .11- w.)rk. 

" T> I'l u K'l I iNd I'.V TOUCH" is the result of expfiiuiu-e. 
1111. t it !i I I. rc^fnl that it is deemed lulvi^al.le i..i 

till- y. K'l I I , i rii ii (pi'esent operators and the hxmi- ai iil>' 

I ucoiitinnnus opcnition is possible No waits to 
tcnees. It is easy, simple and speedy. 

The second edition is now out and is meeting with large 


psH College. !$prlusfleldt Mass. 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there vi^ere only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1 500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand ilanual 

(Columbian Revision— 16th Edition) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 

PrtM of the 16th i-dition. revised to dito, $1.50. Proper discomita to Schools and Booksellers. 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

^F" Si-A.kW i>ropririors iristtiug to <vimmMntVo/«- with thoroityhlu efficient teacKersof Day's synttm are invtred 

AMES' BEST PEPfS ""■*■ """■'" '"'" ■■""■'•'•"•"■••-f'" "•»•« who appred 

a Bood pen nnd kuon- one when ther use it. Gr 
box, SI I onr-<iunrlrr uross, 30 cents. For snle nl JOl KN'Al. olDce. 

KVERY shorthand teacher, writer and school proprietor will be lulerealed In the 
rtlrle. In THK Bl MINESS^ JOIKNAL for JanuarF, Februarr nnd March. Send -ii 
.. for the three »»ue.. .*MES i ROLLINsiON CO.. New York. 

The Benn Pitman System of 
Phonography in Parliamentary 
Reporting. ^^^_^^^.i^^^^k^ 



My own \-iew is in favor of Isaac Pit- 
iiian',s sy.stem as it was published about 
l^^.'itl. Of course, his books of that date 
are now out of print, and the nearest ap- 
proach thereto now attainable is Benn 
Pitman's Uanual. If I were starting to 
learn now, I should get Benn Pitman's 
Manual and other books and follow 
them.— Deiiras F. Murphy, Official Re- 
porter of the United States Senate. 


Wense Benn Pitman'ssystemof short- 
hand. Some years ago I stndied Isaac 
Pitman's system. Graham's. Mnnson's, 
Hoyt's, and others, and from each got 
some useful hints ; but I finally settled 
down to Benn Pitman's as being the sim- 
plest and most practical of all. I found 

it the easiest system to learn, and when 
learned the most legible. 

To illustrate its legibility, I may men- 
tion the fact that this session my brother 
happened to be here during the debate on 
the Address, and although he had not 
written shorthand for three years, he dic- 
tated my notes with perfect ease and ac- 
curacy, transfen-ing them to phonograph 
cylinders at the rate of over two hundred 
words per minute. It is possible that 
this is done by writers of other systems, 
but I do not remember any such instance. 
When asked to recommend a system of 
shorthand. I always advise the adoption 
of Benn Pitman's. I recognize the fact 
that there is more in the writer than in 
the system ; but the facility with which 
Benn Pitman's system may be learned 
and used renders it, in my judgment, 
superior to all others. — Geo. C. Holland, 
Official Reporter, Canadian Senate 

For full information with complete catalogue of text-books by Benn 
Pitman and Jeroime B. Howard, giving wholesale, introduction, exam- 
ination, and exchange prices, address 


narking Pen. 

E.\ci.'Is imv bru^h for Window Signs, Priie Cards. 
Nntit-es, Piickiiffes. Dulk-tin Work, etc L'ses 
fluid ink, i)oc.'ket size, made entirely of metal and 
kel. will not wear out. Easy to learn : rapid, 

. hundso: 

Marking Pen (•ompletc: 1 Rubber and (ilii.s3 
Ink Filler : t Package Powder for 4 oz, finest 
Marking Ink. and 1 large sheet containing plain 
and fancy alphabets with instructions, in a neat 


_ vill send a specimen of lettering done with 
the Fountain Marker, with eauh order i-cceived. 
lines 3-10 to 6-16 width stroke. 
PleaBe send Die tliree more pens. They are tine 
preu-'tlclng letterliii; — don't need to load up every 
f mlnule. You win get more orders from me later. 
W. Jones, Brockton, Mass., BuslnesffCoIIege." 
10 Sandusky St.. Allegheny. Pa. 

A. B. CUSHHAN, Kine of Shadine Pen Artists. 

"umbfilrtt, Kansai. Circulars for sianip. Speel- 
len and Circular for 4c.; Automatic Pen 'ami one 
Jphabet. 30c.-. 1 Auto. Pen, 1 Bottle Auto. Ink 
Qd oue Alphabet, 45c^. Xo po stal cards. 



GOLD MEDAL. Paris exposition, 1889, 




ale for (1 



Urlctly professional peiis, oi wbicti 
>ent as speeitied : 
Nos. 21H).201 and6(>9(CrowQ 

ke the followW 

<x lOH iu., 
r S1.30 per ream. 
.•20'2 Broadway, New Yo 

pleti will bu 

:e of three 

No. lOOOdhemost delicate pen made), six cents each. 
TUe cost of these pens Is such that FREK SAIH. 


HKNRY HOE, Solk Aoent, 91 John Street, New York. 


Absolutely Non-fllllng. 

»9 a 'l"?'" «1 '■'' fr\m III laiw u»<T». These 

rlbbotiH iLi< >.l,..,liii. I, i.ryiiffllliiiu. and are 

partlciil.M I .writing Hi'hool.1 anil other 

jilacesN.iM iMui-h uftfil. A trial sollc- 

SAMPLU full length) RIBBON 

Pap<r Padj (Pen or Pencil for Bifurlng. 

Samples rrwi. 
Copy Letter Books (nil klndsl. 
Typewriter Ribbons and Carbon Papers. 
Buy dlrett from manufacturer and save money. Cor. 
reapondence solicited. 


49 John St., New York. 



The miiUT»i(fi":<l annoniu c that 
they have now in prei)aratiim a 
new edition of 

enRraved by Archibald McLees. 
These alphatets have been for 
forty yearn, and are acknowledged 
to-day to be. the correct standard 




for reference for Letter Engravers 

- • «, P( 
anil otherB. 

Sign PainterH, Teachers, Penmen, 

The i-et of eighteen alj)habets is 
printed from the original steel 
plates on heavy plate paper and 
will be fniTiished either in royal 
ipiarto book form or in loose sheets. 
W ; .\ n>' .. for the portfolio. Price 
for"tlic book or set. *■,>.. in. Every 


96 Fulton St., New York. 


IhHr linn ,....■,.■ i . I, -urn- 


f,.,"' Wrlliiii; -iiu^:ts^riiiu luiight in the 

^ Puhlit -.tlii.i.l-. 

The roudebush writing System 
solves thf problem 



i.k^ ' ;-P.M,,l- S.riisl. J.Sc. 

II, viuwlo.iiloption. 
K (Sell Iiistruclor). 'iSc. 

living the system, 
uh Manual. ■ $1.00 

100 Tiiiil ■ : 

Central School Supply Hoose, Chicago. 

It Pays 

To be careful in sclei-ting a School of Pen 
Art and Desi^niii'^?- 

It Pays 

To atteml a sclinol which can give yon 
the advantages of I'ollege culture and 
training and any studies von may desire 
while taking vour sjiecia"! work in Pen 

It Pays 

.scli«)l which has 
1 does up-to-date ^ 

I Art. 

It Pays 

To attend a .scli«)l which has np-to-dati 
methods and does up-to-date work in all 
lines of Pen Art 

is the late.! and best up-m-da 
of clear, handsome, everyda>; 
existence and it is ' 

Iculabie value 

_ ious to write a (irsl 

class'hand. With the proper material at 
hand for practice and the use of this %york 
the acquiring of a distinct, elegant style of 
writing is merely the question of a short 
time. It is the most comprehensive, com- 
plete and systematically prepared work of 
Its kind ever published, ft pays to get the 
best and the best in this instance costs yerv 
little in comparison to the benefits derived. 
[) not delay in seniling for it. 
•• Modern Writing " which contains 
mplcte information and full instructions 
II be sent prepaid to any address upon 
ceipt of the price, $.?/x>. 

Kcmittanros con be made by P <> 
Order. Hen slereil Ix-tteror Biuik Drnit 
00 N.w York .11 In.liiiiini.olis til 
TIIK MTIOMI. ft I!. ( (1.. liiillaiiniiolU. Illd. 

Are You Alive? 

.\rc you up to the t 

ih ihc 

cli of 


Aluminoid Pens. 

iples wo 

A. L Salomon, 

77 Broadway, - - Ne 


most dur 
reduced. Send 
irth double. 



11 CENTS. 

(HOld by 
, Met- 
Ret- 1 

lor Oblique Penholder 
Black Ink 

b? 801 

hod Rulii 

(Idpr Included, 

o dozen pens. Kecipe, rcunoiaer.i ^%. -«« 

dozen Oblique Holders. 54c. j two dozen^ S 1 .00. 

"o^t^Saloa. „^ 

(-quarter Kfo^s. 31 

people for 15e. and aoc. eachi. 1 1 
Cards^r Brilliant Black Ii 
iozen pens, llc.i and Ubllq 

Recipe, Peuholder.CardRuler.riyi 
Holders. 54c. (two dozen -* "' 
Olllotfs «04 Pens, one-quarter gross, 'il 






t Caps, 1 1 

Circulars free. 

shorthand by mall for books- 

PENS are of English 
manufacture, and arc 
unequaled for elegant 
penmanship of ail 
kinds. They arc suit- 
able for students' prac- 

celled for card writing, 
flourishing, specimen making, etc. They 
just what they are labeled, " Perfec- 
tion." These pens are fine, smooth-pointed, 
double elastic and very durable. Every pen 
; perfect. Over 20,000 gross have been 
3ld, and the universal verdict is : "They 
re the best pens I have ever used." 



One fuurili gruss, by mail. posta.«,'e 

prepaid $0.30 

>ne gross, by mail, postage prepaid. .$1.00. 
One and two-cent United States postage 
stamps taken. The money must accompany 
all orders. Address. 

A Beautiful System of Penmanship 
for Self-Instruction, 

My One Dollar Compendium of Penmanship anJ 

a Box of the Celebrated Perfection Pens, 

worth 30c.. oil for $1.00. 

rpHE COMPENDIUM oon»lsts of over fifty copies. 

classes of leanie 
Tlie Priiiin 

iilphabet. fore-ai 

Tbi> lliiHitiCNH Serii>M consists of words, sen- 
tencc>.>4. standard capK-als. and business tonus. 

The l.adii*H' Series Is prepared especially for 
ludU's who desire to acquire a beautiful hand for 
forrcspondeuee and business purposes. 

The tlrnamoiilnl !^<>ri(>M cousIatA of a beautiful 
ornamental design about 11x1) Inches; bold business 
writing : the Italian capitals ; ItAlle print ; Uennau 
Text, and Old EnRllsh alplmbefa. 

The IiiHtnit'iion Book contains a thorough 
analysis uf the alphabets, with full explanations on 
position, movement, legibility, etc. 

The entire combination, accompanied with the Book 
of Instructions and one-fourth gross of Perfection 
Pens, will be sent by mall, post-paid, for ONE DOL- 
LAR. United States postage stamps taken. 

Addresit all orders to 

Collciir. QUINCV. ILL. 



The best cla^s hook published on the euhje 
Sample copies 35 cenfp. ^end for circul 
Address, C. V. CARHART, 
42B Clinton Ave., Albany, N. 



For particulars, send for January number of 
the New England Penm.\n. This number has 
a special cover design for New Year's, and is full 
of fine penmanship. A postal will bi-mg it. 


J. B. MACK, Publisher, Nashua, N. H . 

T" attencl ii sch,«>l 
liracticiil <U'sii;m'rs ai 

It Pays 

p. B. S. PETERS, storm Lake. Iowa 

Our Special Ruled Cloth Black- Board for Teachers. 

ITS USE:— To demonstrate Letters, parts of Letters, and Movement Exercises. 

Size o( 
m\i, 30 Dy 
48 Indies : 

To attend a Sdiool of Pen .\rt which has 
never had a KV.idiiiite who did not seenre 
:i Incrativc jtosition at nncc. 

It Pays 

'l'i> attend a school which has students in 
positions in many of the best schools and 
colleges in the conntry. 

Snch is the School of Pen Art and De- 
sipnintr of 

Campbell University, 


(."atalognc of students' work free. 

FREE. For three one-cent sUmps to pay co^t 

or return [K>sta«e and uapcr uw»l. I win mall to 
aiv reader of itje ART Jopr.nal a spe»*Inien of niy 
most acctirate Automatic /Vri Lettering, my owi 
itvpage Clreular and Sample sheet of Autoniatli 
inks and Ornaments used with the automatt 
oens A. B. CCSBMAS. Auto. Shading Pen Artl.., 

Slated on 
Doin sides 

ready lo fiang. 
Price, $2.00, 




yoa».wnv.avirtl«,mentTntheA.iJon«ur" WRITE FOR ONE OF OUR FREE MANUALS. 




In which to begin thinking about text books for 
next school year. Those that are satisfactory 
you will of course retain, and those that are not 
vou will drop from your list. 

The Satflsffactory Book 

Is generally one that was lurittcn for an ed- 
ucational purpose, the unsatisfactory book is 
generally one that was compiled for a financial 
purpose. One is genuine and the other counter- 

accompanying fuud for thought is offered to Business Schools 
assurance that if taken in liberal quantities and thoroughly as! 
Hated, It will build up a stron};, healthy system. 


New Complete Bookkeeping. 
Pen-Written Copies (Reproduced). 

New Commercial Law. Commercial Arithmetic. 

Mental Arithmetic 

Were all written for a definite educational pur- 
pose by experienced and successful educators, 
and are the most satisfactory and widely used 
books on the subjects of which they treat. 
They have been imitated but never equaled. 

New Practical Grammar. 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling. 
Phonetic Shorthand. 


Civil Government of the U. S. 

Political Economy. 

A very Happy New Year to the thousands who are using our New and Practical 
. . . Text'Books, and we wish for you all peace and plenty. . . . 









Hark! the bells' deep tones are ringing 

A. melancholy dirge o'er the dead year, 

r roclaiming sadness, yet to us bringing 

r^leasure, hopes and joys, — perhaps a tear. 

Yearn we in vain for moments spent in dreaming, 

INo more return the hours of wasted time ; 
Jire we have grown familiar with its beaming, 
wanes the New Year's light in New Year's chime. 

Yes, ring wild bells, the year is dying, 
Erase the year's mistakes, begin anew : 
Across the snow and on the wild clouds flying. 
Ring out the false and wrong, ring in the true. 








When in need of Books the coming year, don't forget to write to 

THE PRACTICAL TEXT BOOK COMPANY, - 420 Superior Street, Cleveland, Ohio 


— CLEVELAND I -OHIO .— "^ ' 




Latest Invention Of The 

Steel Pens 



I. 1!<9». 

For the VERTICAL STYLE of Penmanship. 

Four points: Extra fine, fine, medium and broad. One each will 
be.senl, postpaid, on receipt of 4 cents in stamps. 

SPENCERfAN PEN CO., 450 Broome St., New York. 



^•^^^ '-^^ * ESSENTIAL 
* * * # QUALITY 


Send 2 cent stamp for sample card 
of School and Commercial Tens 


100 William Street, New York. 

To Write Well 



Al Professional ren. 

For a fine elastic pen it is unex 
celled, the penman's favorite. 

Also makers of the celebrated Falcon 
Pen No. 048. 

Out of their 150 other styles writers 
cannot fail to be suited. 

Ask your stationer for them. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co. 

26 John St., New York. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, |1 . .'50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price, %\ 00 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, *1.00 

With proper discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, nnder Mr. Munaon's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids In the stndy of Munson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St., New York. 

The Goodyear Commercial Series. 


We make a specialty of Publications for BusineSS Practice 

and Office Training. 

Our new Inter-Communication Business Practice is pronounced 
the finest system of practice ever publisfied. 

We print over two hundred varieties of Business College Stationery 
For r^talogue of our publications address 


376 to 280 West nadison Street, Chicago. 

Mutual Friends, 

TTHAT is what you ami Powers' hooks should 
be. 'Tis true you are not stransjers, for if 
you do not know each other personally, you 
at least know of these books by reputation, and 
you know thai reputation to be the very best. 
We guarantee them to improve on acquain- 
tance, and that the longer you use them the 
better you will like them. 

Start the New Year .... 

by introducing them to your classes. In return 
they will befriend you by lightening your 
labors and that of your teachers, interesting 
your pupils and earning for your school a rep- 
utation for good, thorough work. What more 
can you ask from any books ? 

Write for specimen pages and full infor- 
mation, also for rates on all blank forms, such 
as notes, drafts, checks, receipts, &c. 


7 Monroe St., Chicago. 

Offers Superior Advantages for Learning 

To WRITE, to DRA W and to TEACH. 

Both class and individual instruction is given by leading 

The latest methods are presented in writing, drawing 
and teaching. 

Our pupils are in demand and secure places as soon as 
competent to fill them. 

Do you want a paying position ? Then prepare for one 
and you will get it. 

You can learn how to prejjare by sending for a sample 
copy (free) of the 

The Wonderful Curved Tubular Feeder 

Is one of the features that (>oes to make up that perfection of writini; implements 


It* nckiiowledged wherever ii»i-d to be llie bewr. Bookkecpei-H. SlenoicraptierM and 
others requiring nil absolulelr reliable pen prefer the Parker to all olhera. We nant 
a lire aiieni in everr shorthand School and lluninp.r. Calleiie in Ibe connlry. Wrile u. 

THE PARKER PEN CO., 100 mmi st, janes»iMe. wi.. 

'■^cnmoAli QyflC' Q^Suxn/i^ 


AuTOMAfic Shading Pen 


nd Paten 

TIP ^ 





i< ' ' : Ilk': n KTv-xi many distlnrt and hrllllant stiailefl.formlne a combinai 
1 1" 1 In tiourit by thv most vxprrt sign writers by any other proctS! 
< ■ of thlit peo by makiQtf specimens, hat bandH. sign wrltlag. 

i> colon at Htngle ntr 
J. plain markj.Nof.Oil 
'.; NOK. •> and s. each, ; 

K-y U-tl 

iildck, blue, brown, purple red. green, yunow, orange, pink, each ir>c.: 

waterproof': BL-tck. blue, irreeii. pink, brown, red. yellow, oraugo. each. SOc; 
Adhesive und Bronze Inks: Onld Sizing. Hetalllcs <ror use with adhesive 
)K Pliishen. Fronting Diamond Dust. etc. 
Jutni«. AlphibctK. Copy Botjk for self Inntructlon. Practice Paper, etc. 


1 Miigit _ 

>. spnrklInK Plunhi 

rtEM> FOR t*l{ICE-LIST. 


SPECIAL *;m," 


mulattrf i»nle« of nixlcr'pi I'hy-lcRl 

: 111 • fninnnnlilp are filiiinly wcMiderful 1 

,. ale often hrlnghig dozens or otherH. This 

d liberal Oflcr OS. U based on llu-»c results. ; 

.1 CBHlly gradunti' at your own Imim- mid make 

tsu to VTA a mouth ovenlngfi. teachti 

lug I 


81 payii for dU the fo'lowim 

Outfit to the same pcrHon at thin prl< 
Month'g Schoiarahtp, 



a. nixltr'^ Pockrt Wan 

, UHalnti 

'V ".' 

r addrem. 



uttful Dlplomn. \T>T\Q.Keal, 




. \2p.\ i/r. 

. Ifttera. etc., 

„ ,... Jj "• -' 

Ad. Outflt, brings you 

All above M Items for Sl , Postage extra, a/ler i,»" 
retreUv PuhUcattonn. Send 91 only. Full desi'rlplli>ri 
and valuable Hamph-H f ri-e. Your name, please. 


Copy Books 

lm\-i' lieoil n hfihbv with us for yeurs. 
\\\' have engravuti the majority of thf 
Ic-iKltriff »yBt<'iiis: Spencerlan. Anierii'tm 
\'<Tttciil. Alsci thi" Siiencerian Compeod 
iiiiii. \\i I .III L'lMiitntee perfection In 
fciiiii i. ■ ill ihly of line, eto. 

. Wax 



(Soe t)ec 


an ordinal" 

Pen a h 

copper i)lute re 

luiNAl.lnnrt wili itl 


v<< Fulton St 

Attention ! 

II" yon ilesiiv I.. |.l,Ki' v..iirs,.|f un.lfrlli.' 
Instnii'tionof one of the leading renmen 
and Tuaehers in Atnericu, at little expense 
anil no loss of time? 

Lessons by Mail in all brnnehes of Pcn- 
nuinshlp Tuition low. 

Willcf.., ininrmalionntonec 
F. W. TAMBLYN. .sill olive St . St Louis. Mo. 

$20tO$40 AWEEK! 

obange or taruiith, : 
irk, MoQut 

..„ „.t work, MoQutue 

it for*v«r, nlana an 
tprn for Tehiolwt, * 

elegant finish, 

-- nuih Otwi 

and Htylei 

PliotOKnuib OtwiM 

Ton, Mnuy other good h 
tnufketurluB tu., lU -JSi < 

The " Lawyer and Credit Man 
and Financial-Tradc-Press Re- 
view " covers the field of credits, 
commercial law. banking and 
general business. Every busi- 
ness college should see thai 
its students read it. Send lo 
cents for sample copy. 


Times Bide.. N. Y. Ciiv. 


What a place to 

It p:iys lieyoiid 

ilinost aiivlhing else to spend 

d It interesting, if you read it 


e ,f .i. _ in the up-to-date 
JWldl\HF Business Man's 
VlyH.WY Law Journal - 

^*~^— ' Business Law. 

point, it is always brimful of 

1 troulilc saving information. 
lor 25 CENTS. 

Trv it T, months 

Addres.^BDSINESS LAW. na ClarU St., Chicago, 111. 




After a fruitless search of over a year 
for a 10 1b. penmanship practice paper, we 
were obliged to have one of the largest 
inlllB In the country make us Jiwf ichut 
ire wanted. It Is a paper of firm texture, 
smooth, hard finish, good color, feels good 
under the pen. aud holds Ink splendidly. 

1. . j,|gj^| pap^j. jn pvery way for pen- 


iianshlii I 


$1.20 A REAM OF 1000 SHEETS. 


Excellent ((uulltv No. tl!^ XX envcl 
I«aa lOUO; Itl.OuOatSl.TaalOUO. 


We will print letter-headt an 

Te will pi 

"111 !>.• l.-tter.'d oll',^^ll. aii.l whnl,. design 
engraved aud cut furulBhed you. By these 
plans you get the use of a handsome de- 
sign frn: 

Cash must accompany order. 

No (loods shipped until money has 

> keep book! 

Prolits too .small " 


A 202 Broadwa.v. New York. 

See Here I 

Have you tried my new 
" Artists' " or Diamond 
riloss Ink ? if you have 
bai you have mlased. I 


65 North Clark Street. - CHICAGO. ILL. 


420 W. Main St., 

Conducted by Public Accountants aud Audito 

n'^'P D^"^ JounL! nun who deitlre to l>ecome thorn 
oo.>k-R.-ei>lnii tlioroiiirhly nod practically tiught 

>ugh ; 

Louisville, Ky. 

n<l practical book keei>en 

'"i^.-Vi:^""-' .■■■■""•■•■"='""■■■"■» o'^- kept In buslnciu life, by experienced book- 

by theoretical men. 


TWO COURSES: - . The B.ok^kc.pcrs' C^.ur.-. .nJ the Accountants' Cot«e 

foraSKKo"w^lS:SSaVs£?h^^^^^ ; rs. have every facUlty 

Wcannuallv examine the accnnntx nnil in. ., .. i 1 

tie,foryo,,„gm,„,„„.,,,?r.f^™SS.7;VHr,: \; / , ' ',: ,„:::. ,?.": ."; .Vi;:K'.:^V«;,"i°^" 

onlt^rlni ' """"'' """""' '^" »Pl>'le.i"ts ""i-i ^n-" ' ' ili i. r ., m;. Yil ,„,,,. ,",!"ry ,.ln".,;tio,, Sore 


r,.at>..„i.„ 1 ... 'Trial Balances and short i 

r™r»i..^^„ ever>thliij< aljoat all check flgure syatemn ii 
Contains foar rules which locate the errors In aav ledir.i - 
FXlr'SS'^^" "'. ""{"nKlnB ledgers so as tolicat^ . i 
Le liter, and how to tell whether a debit or credit entrv. a i 
A m'l.JS." 'S? ""2^°^'.:^' »''«ra«lag accounts known." Ku 
TrKi Bifi',- oircr»l(W to any person sending us better 

. Klelnhans& Co.. Buffalo. N. Y. 
"^.'i"-..'ii*"n "".'■.'' P""'r. Koekland. Mass. 


Mabley & Carew Co.. Cincinnati, o. 
Arthur .Tordan. Indianapolis. Inil. 
Mammoth Shoe & Clothing Co., Loul 

KltANC'll Ol'j 

Address L. COMINGOR, Manager, 


■ .OI'lJSVII.I.K. KV. 


8 100 Lessons 






Handsomely Bound in (.'loth. 


8 Rapid addition made easy. Business fractions, and how to handle them. 
Decimal numbers and what they are good for. Valuable exercises for 
8 practice. Short cuts in figures. How to malte change. How to 

mark prices of goods. Wages and pay roll. Losses and gains. 
U. S. money. The use of capital letters. How to speak 
Sand write correctly. How to write a business letter. 
U. S. postage laws. New method of averaging ac 
S counts. Rules for computing interest. Hand- 

ling fractions. Multiplication rules. Hints 
on advertising. Easy method of book- 
V\ keeping, etc., etc. 

yP This book is so well known that it needs no commen- 

w) dation It is invaluable to students, teachers, business men 

V^ — everybody. It has been selling at $i a copy. We have a 

W) few hundred copies which we are offering at 

in 25 CENTS a Copy, Postpaid. 

S^ $2-50 a dozen, while they last, and they shouldn't last long 
at these prices. 

f) Ames & RoUinson Co., 202 Broadway, New York 




A pencil with a smooth. toup:h, uniform Icati 
rill greatly aid a good and free style of pcn- 

Dixon's "AmericHn Graphite" Pencils ure 
inequaled for all qualities most desirable in 
lead pencil. If your stationer does not kcoii 
those stamped "American Graphite" mention 
Penthan'.s Art Journal and send Iti cents lor 
samples worth double the money. 

Jos. Dixon Crucible Co., Jersey City, N. J. 


The Cigarette must go. , 

The Public School Boys ' 

say so. * 

K. tLlilAJiETU, N. J, 

'•rling Silver. each, 25c \ 

iuiii-V'iati^i. '■ .K^;i3;;;;;iSi,„„^,;;;.«;'''" 

ninli- DailKi- and Ciiii«lltutlon sent fi.r 
rw^lj.-.i» and <-,tliiial,.» tor hail«e. „f all 

TOLAND'S 1000 *9"ts Wanted 


■fully 1 


make more tha 


NnthinB like it ever 

By Mall. 2B cts. Adil 



A. Jyl ERE FA D Pabllsh.r» ^ Textbooks on Bookkeeping call It. 


U what Progressive Teachers 
have christened It. 


Is the Cognomen that the 
Business Hen have given it. 


"■"^" Actual Business 
FROM Start 
TO Finish 

J A / Well-equipped Schools and Colleges adopted >l A / 
4-UO 'h's New method in the year 1895. H-UU 

^1000 MORE^ 

will (all into line, 
before I>cc. T^i.iScfO, 

and we trust this 
number will include yours 

Ellis PueiiSHiiifi CO.. Bailie CM, M. 

The Standard" 






Is the thing by which others are compared and tested. 



Is, and always has been, the Criterion of Excellence for Writing- 

The CIV N« 

Number W I xV Mo 
Is the latest mark of progress set for others to aim at. 




cdailo ill liiitl iiiiiiilli'x .Imirmil hvoiight it host of responses 
proiile irlio like to (jet ijood thiiKjs chetip. Still ire have a 
thill of iiintter left tliiit viust be cleared out u-ithoiit delay or 
«• sitit to (I junk sliop. Things that tir offer now for a song 
111,1 he olitninithle ttl amj jtriee in a short time. Jfs now or 

Things Accumulate 

In 20 Years. 

Now, don't tlu\v 

hitt I'UiirrtiuH- bpgtn ii 

ir a fact— ospooliilly If one happens to be of a kind that puts n 

me (la>' ? " 

i> iwlnt iu our bushies* wlu-rt 

:o thP Junk »li't|». Chamc-i in 

imoe, ami bo kiH tlirouKli wltb siiwihl.v. 


i,., , ,';!, , . " . I ■ !'i \v > ^■- \HT JUUltSALaud 

I I- collection. Or V 

e tbluRs aside thinking 

1 the thousands— 

. Book of Flourishes, 

•lit inrjiiilli ■ (i> .iii> I'lu's intiri'-'t?«. ir so. this Is your opportunltj- 


small portraits, etc. Price 50e. each. Including postage 
'~ ill either dlmenslou. 
I 1 . up to five Inches wide or deep. That Is. not exceed- 

Price $1 each, i 

ent by express at the purchaser' 
furnish any particular cut. W 

may not havt- it at all or may i 
hould be able to send It. If i 
utit «ond alouK the money. 

Two hundred oonlen of each 1 

"ling like 50,000 ih-k. 
si>are for toe past 

ething like 50,000 copleH. Now 

ley would l>e promptly refunded. There Is no need t 


p of the JorRSAL since Its foundation retained for c 


327 Broadway, New York. 


T IS H m\ Mm \ 

We believed it would be, our friends said it would 
be, and now hundreds who have given it a thor- 
ough trial say in the most emphatic terms that it 
actually is a great and crowning success 

e offered only 1 

I anything like that number on hand. In point <; 


•re the editions have been trii 

Eleto sets at $1 a year. We have 
^^ m. and they 

coutaiu * gn?ttt nuniiier of fare peimianship specimens of the greatest 
prvcwnt we offer thew back uumtKTS at 2c. a copy In any numl>er from liv 
con wc undertake to furnish particular l&suea. >or. as already stated, will — 
years be included. If you give us a lIstM papers that you already have we will try 


During the process Of clearlUK out we Will enter a year's subscription for ThePhsmas's 

..nw n>ni>n,-nl or extension of nn-aent subscription lyou mUSt SO] 
An opportuultv of tids kind 

company the order Invariably. If there Is anything In this 

kgr •Mt oi onor. Don't say that 

urpluscuts. papt<rs, etc., within a very short wh 

may lM^ no call through the medium of this notice. 

ery close t 
y price. These paper 

t JOVRSAL, all 

LI take advautttgr • 

back numbers oi 

saj" which) and send thlrty- 

for you It will be neces- 
1 not give you nonce, we shall proceed to clear out 
1 shall otherwise dispose of those for which there 

Ames & Rollinson Co., 



It would take several pages of 
"The Penman's Art JoumaP' 

To publish these cnthtisiastic testimonials, but let us send 
you our new Announcement, which tells the w^hole story 
about the 

Sadler System of Bookkeepers 

I and Office Practice 

1 and the Sadler-Rowe Business Practice 


Lei the Search Light of Practice illiimitiate the dark places of Theory 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher. Baltimore, Md. 


.y^^^f^^:^ C^iiSg^^^^cez^ C.^ci:i>i^^ 

TWO KDITIO>S OF Till: JOI IIV * I. bill h<>l>> 
«xat'tl> Ihe •aim-— ffxcopl thai tlii- >i»v« lidllloll 
ban four oxira paeeadevoled to i\i>%v« and iVItBC-el- 
laii). All Inalrncdon realureawlll appear In both 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 


No. 2. 

.1 Fev! ItfKlrir Itlnlit. 

lO.— Before talking about the work tor this 
month, I desire to ask a few questions about last 
month's work, to determine whether you are ready 
for February. Can you take and retain a correct 
position at the table Y Can you hold your hand 
and pen just right ? When you make the exercises, 
does the aide of your hand touch the paper V It 
should not, you now. Do yon keep the little finger 
and the one next to it well turned back under the 
hanil, so the first .joint of the little finger serves as 
a little ninner for the hand to glide along on V You 
should. When you glide the pen across the paper, 
as you would in Nos. 14 and 1.5. do you keep your 
wrist straight ? Does your wrist move to the right 
as the pen does V It should. Can you make all the 
exercises given in last issue with an easy, free 
movement, without tiring the hand or arm V Have 
you done all I have suggested V Did yon follow the 
work closely, or did you make a few ovals and get 
your hand to moving with a little freedom, then 
drift oH to writing your name, then your sweet- 
heart's name, and finally lose interest and (get dis- 
couraged and reach the climax by deciding not to 
follow the work '! Don't do that. Remember 
" cants " and " won'ts " never did anything. You 
will never learn younger. The sooner you secure a 
good style of writing the longer you will have to use 
it. You see it isn't like a suit of clothes. If you 
feel that your movement is weak, go back to Nos. '2 
and ;i, and roll off a few pages of them. When your 
hand and pen move easily, we are ready for this 
mimth's work. 

St/ntt'mattr Prticttce. 

1 1.— 1 wish to call particular attention tea thing 
that is apt to prove detrimental to satisfactory re- 
sults in this course. In my classes here in the 
school-room I cau place before the pupils but one 
copy at a time, and pupils don't know what the 
next work is to be. 

This being the case. 1 have no difficulty in getting 
I hem to master the work in systematic order, thereby 
insuring good results. But we are, of necessity, 
obliged to put before you <r month's irnrk at one 
time, and the meandering pupil is apt to distribute 
his practice around over several exercises in a brief 
period, thereby making little or no improvement on 
any one copy. Let me say now that I shall aim to 
give these copies in systematic order, gradually 
going from the simple to the complex, and if you 
desire to get the best results from these lessons, "fol- 
low the copies in their numerical order. Be sure 
to reach a fair degree of improvement on each copy 
before taking up the next. 

Thl.1 .WoiK/i's,„„. 

14—1 now call attention to the work for this 
month Look at it. It looks somewhat i like a 
Chinese puzzle . but an explanation may throw some 
light on it. My aim in this month's work is to help 
you get the ability to glide the hand across the paper 
from left to right easily, and at the same time learn 
to make any and all of the one space letters easily— 


the chief difference between the cramped, finger 
movement writer and the easy, graceful writer. If 
this is true, and it is, it certainly is necessary to 
practice what will develop that ability. If you are 
proficient at Nos. 14 and 1.5, of last month, you can 
move across the paper smoothly. It now remains 
to learn to make any of the one space letters in the 
same way, and at different widths of spacing be- 
tween letters. Every time you sit down to practice 
work awhile on Nos. 2 and 8. 

The First Exercise., 

Hi. — First take the small " i " underSection " A." 
Notice that it begins with an upward right curve, 
has a point at top, short tanx at bottom, etc. Turn 
the paper half around so you write directly across 
the lines, making the letter in every alternate space ; 
i. e., leave one space between the letters. Make the 

That is a common fault. The " .v " is made by 
joining the first part of "n" to the last part of 
"u. " Be sure not to lift the pen in making this 
letter. Make the " o " small and round, and be 
sure to close it at the top and finish it just like 
" !(i " or "u." You will notice that the " a " is 
very much like " o,'' only it slants more and is fin- 
ished like the " u." The " e " is quite like the " i," 
only there is a loop at the top instead of an angle. 
Make " c " like the first part of " o," with dot to 
begin with. Make the first style of " r " like first 
part of ■' » " or "x," then finish at top like the 
'• V." Make the second style of " r " and the " s " 
a little higher than the other letters, and study the 
down stroke. 

Stiidu: Then PracHee. 

15.— The count for each is indicated in the copy. 


letter short and carry the exercise straight across the 
paper. There are two good reasons for this practice 
across the lines, viz., you learn to write straight 
without a line to guide you and you learn to make 
regular spacing between letters. The object in 
making the letters so far apart is so you will learn 
to glide the hand and 7iot reaeh to the next letter 
with the./i»;/pr.s'. Thus you will use, while writing, 
the free movement you use while making oval exer- 
cises. Fill the page by going across the lines, then 
turn and fill it by going on the line. Then you will 
haveapage of " i's " like the upper half of my illus- 
tration; /. c under ".A " and " iJ. " 

The Stnitll *' ii " \ejrt . 

14 — Next take the " u." Notice that it is just 
like two " i's " close together — the width is about 
the same as the hight. It should be made to a count 
of 1-2. 1-2, etc. Fill the page both ways with double 
space between the letters. In making " n\" notice 
that it is just like the " u," only that it finishes with 
a dot at the top, made by making a slight pressure 
of the pen before going straight to the right. Fill 
the page both ways.' Yon will see that the " v " 
is just lite the last part of " u: " The " u" begins 
with a left curve forming a turn at the top. Work 
a great deal on this and the " m. " Be sure to get 
turns at the top and do not make them too wide. 

Take them in their numerical order and first study 
the form of the letter you intend to take, then fill 
the page both ways. 

1(5. — The work under " C " and " D " is just the 
same as under " A ^' and " B," only the letters are 
only half as far apart. Do you understand me now t 
You are to take one letter at a time and fill the page 
both ways. 

single Letters: Then Wortls. 

17. — A.fter drilling thoroughly on eaeli of the 
thirteen letters in the way I have suggested, take 
two, then three, then four different letters in words 
as in Section " E," and practice them in the same 
way. Then write at least a page of each word given 
under " F," on practice paper. After you have 
done all this, I can't see how it is possible for you 
to have any difficulty writing words formed of one 
space letters. 

That Siieclmen Rook. 

18. — After you gain fair ability with each copy 
given in this issue, take your Specimen Jxiolc and 
make a page of your best effort. Be .sure to keep 
this specimen book. It will be a great satisfaction 
to you. Send me some of your best work. 

Be assured that ttiose will be thy worst enemies, not to 
whom thou hast done evil, but who have done evil to thee. 
And those will be thy best friends, not to whom thoa haHt 
done good, but who have done good to thee.— Laya(er. 



>'sm» of U innrrii. 

When we offered prizes for the best specimens of writ- 
ing of copiwi on pages -iM anil .iTl of the December JoiB- 
itAL, we ha<l no idea of the deluge of practice sheets that 
woald be submitted. We knew the country was full of 
business writers, but we did not know there was so large 
snumlM-r of elegant writers and we did not know that so 
many of them were subwrilterH to The Joubnal. It 
has l>een a great task to graib: these speciraens and select 
the best in each case. In a few cases the only way the 
editor could ease his conscience was by awarding prizes 
to two mstead of one, so nearly were these two equal in 

Prizes of subscriptions to The Pexman's Art Joibxai. 
or lluniiifiH Jmirnal. and copy of Ames' Guide or Ames' 
Book of Flounshcs for the suljscribers sending in the 
best practic(^ shuetx of all seven copies on page ai'i, was a 
tie between Francis L. Tower, 125 East Union street. 
North Ailams. Mass., and C. J. Stnuk, Soul6 College, 
New Orleiins, I.a. The work is very flue throughout all 
the papers submittc-d by these gentlemen and they are 
to Iw (y)ngratulated on the general excellence of each 
sheet. Til.' tlrst prize will be awarded to both. A close 
second in Ibis contest was Kd. B. Cope, SouW College, 
New Orleans, La. 

Joseph Howorth, 4.11 Lowell street, Lawrence. Mass., 
captured three subscriptions by sending the best work on 
the first two exercises on jmge tifW and on the Evans 
" Movement Doveloi)er." M. H. Fackler, Enhaut, Dau- 
phin County, Pa., sent the best work on the " m " and 
" n " exercises, the third 'copy on page 265. J. T. Rose, 
405 Adelphi street, Brooklyn, N. Y., sent the best work 
on the cJipital letter exorcises by ii. McClure. H. L. 
Montuw. :i:w2 Burt street, Omaha, Neb., a iifteen year 
old pupil of ,1. VV. Lampman. Omaha Commercial College, 
captured two subscriptions on the Bencom business aljiba- 
l»t and Kelchner business letter. Paul H. Hendricks, 
Fainveather, 111., was tied with Mr. Moutaw on the 
Kelcbner letter and is entitled to one subscription. 

The contest on page 2T1 was not (luite so lively as that 
called out by the copies on page 265, but we bud enough 
of competing practice sheets to bury the editor in a paper 
grave. The prize was captured by D. L. Callison, Powers- 
ville. Mo. 

If th<iso who won the prizes will kindly let us know 
what papi'r and what book they desire, we shall be glad 
to utt^'nd to tho matter at once. 

A competition of this kind is a benefit to all who take 
jMirt, whether they win the prizes or not ; and it should 
1h) some consolation to those whose names are not nien- 
ti(mod here to know that but a very trifling difference 
separated tho best from the poorest specimen submitted. 
In fact, there was not one poor specimen in the lot. 



Divsiriug t. > improve the opportunity oBfered me. 1 hereby 
take pleasure in presenting to the readers of The Art Jour- 
nal a lesson in business writing as I teach the subject in 
my daily penmanship classes, and trust that it will be a 
source of inspiration to those who are endeavoring to bet- 
tor their handwriting and iu some measure be both. 
helpful and profitable to nil. 

From tho exercises given you will perhaps correctly in- 
fer that this is a lessou in muscular movement writing, 
the same to bo intended as one given to students who 
have been jiracticing penmanship for a short time. 

To secure freedom and ease of movement, practice the 
following exercises : 

111 N... 1 retrace the ovals six or eight times each, join- 
ing them from the top and then from the base alternately, 
without ehei'king the motion or lifting the peu, and mak- 
ing the connective stroke in the same time tJlat it takes to 
go round tho oval. Make the ovals about two-thirds as 
wide as they are high, touching the paper ixs lightly as 
possible and finishing with a horizontal loop. Keep the 
pen sipiare on Iwth nibs, ami let tho thinl and fourth 
fingers glide over the paper with the pen. Do mil let the 
ftnyers slirh to the /mper. Practice on this exercise for 
ten minute.", making about IBI) revolutions to the minute. 
Next practice Nos. 2 and 3 alternately with the same 
rate of speed as in No. 1. making each exercise about half 
way across the page and keeping the down strokes regu- 
lar and the simie distance apart. Notice the finishing 
stroke of No. S, the last half of the down stroke being 
straight and made by stopping wiOi the i>cu at tJie base 

Join the small " o " in an exercise, making the " o's " 
rather small and nearly round, closed at the top. the con- 
nective stroke nearly straight and about 1 inch in length 
finishing with a horizontal loop. Notice the count for 
tho exercise, one tor tbc " o ■ and two for the connective 
stroke, making about (orty-eight " o's. '' or sixteen exer- 
ciser, jier minute. 



Write the word " noon," with the connective strokes 
atwut ^ inch in length," n'5 " closed at the top, and down 
strokes straight and tbe same slant, the " os ".closed at 
the top, and finishing each word with a full upward 
curved line. Write about eighteen words per minute. 
Practice on the last two exercises about ten minutes. 

Notice the capital loop stroke. The down stroke is 
similar to the finishing stroke of the reverse oval exercise 
extended as given in No. 8, the last half being straight. 
In finishing, stop with pen on paper at base line. Also 
notice crossing of loop at top and slant of loop. 

Make capital " Jf." The first part is the capital loop 
stroke, then retracing the down stroke halt its -height and 
making the second part, nearly as high as the first with 
down stroke parallel to first down stroke, then retracing 
half its height and making third part neariy as hign as 
second part, and finish with a curved line carried below 

Pexman's Abt JorRNAL, 202 Broadway. New York, 
and nmst be in our hands by April 20, 189(5. 


First Prize.— A copy o£ Ames' Compendinni of 
Plain and Ornamental Penmanship and certificate 
filled out with name, contest, etc. 

Second Prize. —A cloth hound copy of Ames' Book 
of Flourishes and properly filled certificate. 

Third Prize.— A. cloth hound copy of Ames' Guide 
to Practical and Ornamental Penmanship and prop- 
erly filled certificate. 

■The Jocrxal expects to reproduce in it.s columns 
the three prize- winuiug letters, and as many of the 
others that are found satisfactory, and for which it 
has space. 


base line with an outward curve to the right. Notice the 
three parts are round at the top and all in line. 

To complete the lesson take a clean sheet of paper and 
practice about fifteen minutes onjthe following sentence, 
writiug^each word clear through without lifting the pen : 

To those who are just starting out with the intention 
of becoming good rapid business writers, I respectfully 
submit the following suggestions : 

First. Be persevering. Do not give up after the first 
or second attempt. Do not say " I can't," but rather say 
"I will." It has been said : "If at first you don't suc- 
ceed, try, try again." By so doing success will be yom' 

Second. Be systematic in all your practice, otherwise 
your efforts will avail you nothing. 

Third. When you practice penmanship, as in everything 
else you undertake to do, if you wish to be successful, con- 
centrate your mind on what you are doing, and study the 
form of the exercise or letter that you are endeavoring to 
make. It .is a hard task to eat and whistle at the same 



To show what can be done in the line of business 
writing by our younger amateur penmen. The 
JoURN.\L has decided to inaugurate a prize compe- 

Uie Comtttions. 

We have decided that a business letter will best 
serve the purpose. The letter should be written on 
a sheet of the proper size to allow of printing the 
cut in a space two columns wide — ojj inches. Good 

The Journal and many of its friends want to see 
what our young American penmen can do in the 
way of business -writing, and this will give oiir 
young writers a chance to show themselves. (4et in 
training at once and he on hand with your letters on 
April ■2\). 1H!)«. 


/.nnrr'n Lessous in I'raresnionnl Wrillns. 

A. M. U.. Ky.— Your loops are a little stilted-to.i flat on the 
loft side. Let the motion be a trifle more tull. free and cir- 
cular. Your movements in general lack a little force and 
freedom; you seem to halt a little too often '■ along the way " 
in your small letters, causing thereby angles ,vhero there 
should be turns. , „ ,,. . , 

But yon are on the right road— simply hurry up a little. 
You do well and can become an excellent penman. 

J. D. v.. Pa. -You shade too many down strokes ill vour 
small letters. Shade not more than ubi.ut bull of the letters 
—every other one. Oblitiue hol.lrr mii\ 1- I'll ,,].- vv h--re 

between thumb and finger .ioint Tin !: - r ■ri-.,; 

and hand the nearer the thumli;,iil ' i' sk 

slants but slightly O. K. You can u^- :i n ; i i, . . " ;" 

your loops to advantage. The tr'-iill, \ - i ni n r , iiue to 

too much shoulder and arm action with not enout,'h i-uiitrol 
through the hand rest ond Angers. I do not give rod ink 
criticisms. I do give lessons by mail, however. You do Hue 
work. Heed the above and do better work. Zaneb. 

Doctors do not agree in the diagnosis of and pre- 
scribing for a case, and neither do doctors of penman- 
ship agree in diagnosing and prescribing for a case 
of bad writing. 

^^?7L..^^9 9 0;^9( 


BLACK ink should be used, and the nearer the writing 
and spacing is one-third larger than it is to appear 
in the cut the better cut can be made. 

Excellent examples of size, arrangement, etc. . are 
shown in the lettter of S. E. Bartow on page 249 of 
the November, and of C. E. Doner on page 13 
of the January. 1890, Journals. A letter of about 
ten lines is the length desired. Letters should be 
sent flat, protected by heavy cardboard, or in heavy 
tube. Put name and full address on back of letter. 

Amateurs of twenty years of age or imder are 
eligible. By amateurs we mean any one not engaged 
in teaching or executing penmanship for a living. 

.-i.11 letters shovdd be addressed to the Editor. 

Yotmg writers and teachers (and those no longer 
young) can be benefited by a perusal of the opinions 
of the world's greatest penmen and teachers on what 
constitutes good "Wiiting, how to learn it and how to 
teach it. 

The Journal has been collecting opinions 
for over a year and takes pleasure in jiresenting the 
first installment herewith. 

The following letter was sent to each person 
whose opinion was solicited: 

It is our intention to run a series of articles, giving the 
ideiw of leading penmen and teachers on a number of in- 
teresting points. 

We want your opinions for this symposium on the fol- 

The Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 


In thin department of The Journal we shall present, from month to month, carefally arranged copies of all grades of business writing. The idea is to have a 
variety of busineea writing adapted for all grades of learners from the beginner to the advanced writer, Tlie best work of America's best business writers and 
teachers of business writing will be shown. 

All teachers of bosiness writing are reqneste<l to send in contribntions for this department. Plain, unshaded business writing emphasizing some particular letter 
or principle is what is wanted. No instructions are necessary. 





lowiiiK points. PluiLso answer them liriefty and number 
your answers Xxt correspond with the questions : 

1. (a) What do you consider the esftentialH of a good 
handwriting t iNumc them in the order of importance.) 

(Ill Name, in what you consider the order of impor' 
tniice, the eidential teaching points to keep in mind to pro- 
duce a good hundwritmg. (As posilion, spcnl, move- 
mcni. etc.) 

2. (live your definition of muscular or fonvirm move- 

:i. Name and give reasons for the best position of ; 
la) Bodj-. 
tin Hand and i)eu. 

■4. Name the best movement and give your reiisons. 
J ". Penman's Art JoruN.vr,. 

.1.1 Olil Timer Bellcfea in .Wnfinunt. 

1. (al Logibilit.v, facility and speed, (b) Movement, 
movement, movement. As Wellington said : *' The three 
essentials necessary for a great commander; The first was 
action, the second action and the third action. " 2. It is 
the i»lay of the arm in any direction using the muscle of 
the forearm as a rest. :). Front, as it allows the elbow to 
project over the etlge of the table and the arm rest on the 
muscle move readily, (b) The pen sliould be nearer ver- 
tical than 4.'> degrees slant and the right hand point should 
touch the paper first. The muscular movement I regard 
lus the only movement good for anything for busmess 
writing. D. R. Lillibridoe, 

Pl'esident Lincoln, Neb., Business College. 
Mr. Illnmnn .<(•;/» llanilirrllliig la .Vol Ooorf WrMny, 

1. (a) I have endeavored through all my teaching to 
de.stroy the handwriting of my pupils, for I have never 
found handwriting to 1h' gtxid writing. 

(*oi»d writing must be plain to read, which ueces-sitates 
the tuse of strong, clean lines in making letters. Letters 
shoidd be plump, well rounded and evenly spaced apart, 
the short lett*'rs should occupy about one-fourth the space 
betwwn ruled lines, the capitals and loojis should extend 
one-half to two-thirds of the space above the base hue and 
not mori' than one-half way between the base line and 
the next below. The words should be well spaced apart 
so that each word will stand clearly alone on the line, 
als(» be well sejmrate*! from those above and below. 
Eju-h word should Iw so compactly formeil that the eye 
will catch it at a glance iis in a printed page. 

(b} I consider the position of the body, the feet, head, 
nrmi^ hands, wrist and fingers as the iirst essentials to 
good writing. Movement is next, and that is best which 
secures the greatest ease, legibility, cleanest lines and pro- 
du«"s the least fatigue. Speed in writing should lie de- 
velojHHl as far as is consistent mth legibility. 

•-. The muscular movement is produced by the muscles 
of the shoulder and upper ann moring the forearm and 
Imck while the forearm rests upon the musc-le near the 
ellKivv. The muscles of the forearm act oidy to hold the 
|>en and move the wrist and fingers. 

:t. lai The Ixxiy should rest entirely on the chair and 
not Ite thrown forward to rest U|>on the arms to bind 
and prevent the elasticity of the forearm muscle. The 


feet must steady the body with the eyes kept well away 
from the peu to see hvat what is being done, as the eyes 
can be too dose for good work. 

(bi The two la*it fingers of the hand should be so well 
bent back under the hand as to make them look like claws 
ready to scratch. The forefinger shouhl be well bent. 
Both thumb joints (^hould l»e bent outward as much as 
possible, with the end of the thumb pointing through the 
penholder. The hand may gHde upon the nail of the lit- 
tle finger or the nails of the lust two fingers. The wrist 
should l)e well raised above the desk, which insures the 
muscular rest near the elbow. The arm should be kept 
well to the right of the body, which causes it to rest on 
the flat of the muscle instead of on its side, as when 
brought near to or in front of the body. The touch of 
the arm. fingers and pen should l>e very light if the great- 
est ease and skill are to be attained. 

4. The best movement is the whole arm mcvement pro- 
duced by k the muscles of the breast, shoulder blade. 

shoulder and upper arm, while held in check by resting 
upon the muscle of the forearm. As the forearm is also 
a part of the whole arm, its miwcles are required to hold 
the pen. move the wrist and fingers slightly to aid in pro- 
ducing the accuracy of the forms of letters All these 
movements are combined, and as the movements of the 
fingers of the hand should be the least of all. I believe, it 
my duty to destroy the handwriting which jmpils get in 
the public schools and give them the arm combine<l move- 
ment. which is the basis of the skill of all good penmen. 

A. H. HiNMA.V, 

Principal Business College, Worcester, Mass. 

( To hf ronfinuM ) 

TWO I:DITI0\S of the JOCRNAT— hut hot 

exacilr the Mamc— ex<-4>pl that the >>»•« l^illllo 
haN four extra pages di-votcd to \ei%'iiaiiil [Tllh<-4- 
latiy. All Inttriictlon featureH will appear In but 




The Supervisor as a Teacher. 

Rarely do we glance oier ao educational j)apcr that 
circniatm among public school teachere but our eyes fall on 
Home article in regard to the neceasarj- qualifications of 
the teacher, the principal or Hupenntendent, but on read- 
ing The Jocrxal or IKMftrn /Vnman we rarely find 
anything touching on the supervisor's qualifications as a 

Tni" is an age of wonderful advancement in Public 
School Writing, and we are indebted to the Business 
College for it ; they ha%ing lieen brought into close touch 
with the homes and by continually pressing their advan- 
tages, thousands upon thousands are being educated in 
these schools. Many of these pupils ha>ing come into 
good business positions, and many of them having been 
elected to Boards of Education, and having gotten a taste 
of writing as it should be taught, are demanding it in the 
Pubhc Hchools for their children. 

In this growing demand Boards of Education, know- 
ing the incompetency of regular teachers as a class to 
teach it, are employing supervisors as an experiment, with 
the result that many of them are successful. How impor- 
tant is it, then, when the movement needs everj- influence 
to promote it, that every supervisor employed be a man 
of real worth. 

Such, however, is not the case. Many are employed 
on the strength of their ability to write only (a common 
blunder of Boards of Education) and are bringing the 
subject of a supervisor into contempt among superintend- 
ents, principals, teachers, pupils and parents, simply be- 
cjnise they know nothing of the art of teaching. One of 
those plof^H is now before me, where two supervisors 
were em]>loyed and both proving poor teachers, were dis- 
missed with the remark that writing was an experiment 
only and did not pay. Had either of these been efficient 
teachers, the supervisor would have come to »ta.v. 

The regular teacher must first pass an examination, 
not in one branch, but many. Aside from this, if she ex- 
pects to be a success and up with her profession, she 
must know something of children, must be fond of them, 
have sympathy for them. and. most important of all, 
know the child's mind. This can be learned in one wa.v 
only ; first, by a foundation laid from reading several 
yuod nulliors on Theory and Practice of Teachmg ; sec- 
ond, a thorough knowledge of Psychology, and last, but 
not least, a careful stmltj of the real child before them. 

Many of our penman friends, realizing the sure pay in 
the public school field and the growing demand, assume 
suporvisorahips without even the first knowledge of the 
above requirements. As a result they present ideas 
and methods so absTird and radical to the teachers in 
charge, that they not only consider them ridiculous, but 
lose faith in practical writing. 

The supervisor should know his pupils and be able to 
rend their natures. He should be well reod, and so thor- 
oughly posted on teaching and its elements, that he can, on 
entering the room for the first few times, not only at once 
command the attention and interest of his pupils, but 
his tsachei-s as well, and in time he wins the perfect con- 
fidence of the suiMirintendent, who will intrust the writ- 
ug entirely to his care. 

I have known of supervisors Iwginning to give a lesson 
(if you cave to call it a lession) in primary grades, that he, 
himself, had hard work to master in the Business Col- 

He should know how to use that particular tact that 
belongs to the true teacher (and without which he should 
retire from the jirofession at oncel to advantage. His 
teiichei-s finding that he is a man of ideas and methods, at 
once res|)ect him and are glad to carry out his instruc- 

Many cities and even smaller towns and county seats 
are employing teachers of writing, and require them to 
go from room to room and do the teaching themselves, 
thus allowing the regular teacher time to do other work. 
Ho.v cun one in such a position esjwct to have faithful 
pricti.-.. by llu-ir pupils it they are the inferior teacher. 
Xj ouc can distinguish the weak teacher quite so quickly 
as the pupil, and when the teacher of writing 8|iends but 
•Jll or S'l minutes in a room, it is necessary that his pupils 
be intere-sted. and that it be their bn.siest period of the 

With the entrance of the writing teacher there should 
li© a p'ueral brightening up of faces, a glad look of ex- 
pectimcy. and a readiness to lieein as soon as the copy is 
announced Tliis condition lieing ever present with the 
s|»cialist he need never fear of the writing being branded 
as a failure. 

.\s supervisors we are not' only dealing with the chil- 
ilren. but we have under our dii-ection a large variety of 
teachers. When we do not find a particular lesson up to 
our ideal we are ivady to criticise the teacher, who has 
IK'rhaiKi put forth her be^t efforts to please, but owing 
to certain conditions or a troublesome boy or two, has 
not secured the required excellence We are very likely 


we to change positions with her for 
a, we would not reach our especta 

to forget that w 
that particular le 

To realize all these condi tions that come under the ob- 
servation of the regular teacher, to know the minds ot 
pupils, to be able to command respect from all. we need 
as a/oi(iK/'»h'f»n for our work, first of all. a broad educa- 
tion, and second, a real teaching experience. Principals 
and sujieriutendents rarely are placed over teiiclieis until 
they have had the necessary experience. Why should a 
specialist be so placed ? 

Many of us fall short of the required standard, but it is 
our most urgent duty to prepare ourselves by broadening 
our mental powers, acquiring theoretical and practical 
knowledge of our particular work at every opportunity. 
J. O. Gordon, 
Supr. RoL-ky River and Lakewojd, Ohi >. 

Wants a Boom in Writing in Normal 

I have charge of the penmanship classes in this school, 
having succeeded Miss Orover. I am anxious to have you 
boom the Normal schools as you have the Public schools. 
The Public schools are largely the product of the Normal 
schools, and ■■ A fountain will rise no higher than its 
source. " (Miss) Sarah Frank. 

Teacher of Writing, State Normal School, Warrensbnrg, 


The Old Man at Coirimencement. 

Hitt:h up the ox team. Johnny, an' drive 'em to the gate ; 
For me an' yer mother's' to see Moll graduate ; 
An' .Jenny's a bakin' biscuits, an' Sally's a-slicin' ham ; 
Au' I'm just so proud o' Molly that I don't know where 

Yer mother raised the chickens that bought her books ; 

an' sweet 
To me was the daily labor in the summer's burnin' heat. 
When I thou'4ht of her bnght eyes beamin', an' said to 

myself: ■' I'll state 
Thar ain't no gal in the country so fitten to graduate ! " 
So I plowed in the summer sunshine, an' worked in the 

winter's cold ; 
An I've bought her the finest dre-sses that ever the store- 
men sold ; 
An' I'll see her there, with her bright, sweet eyes, like 

stars in the twilight late ; 
An' maybe there'll be some tears in mine when I see her 

graduate ! 
I never was much on lamin' — for my means was mighty 

small ; 
But I reckon when Molly comes back home she'll know 

An' tbar ain't a gal in Georgy, though you hunt fer 'em 

soon an' late. 
That'll look as sweet as Molly when she comes to graduate ! 
-Atlanta ComMution. 

'J/cnmanii Qy(iCQySutAaC> 

■ JJy clfty or by niffht. wummor or wintor. beneath trees the 
liiiirt foota nearer to that depth of life which the far sicv 
CT.e»n».' -J</rrie» 

Trees stand at the head of the vegetable kingdom, 
and our imaginations easily conceive them to be 
conscions beings like ourselves. They were an im- 
portant adjunct to the (iarden of Eden, and are still 
associated with the pleasant places of earth. They 
minister to man's spiritual as well as to his material 

In this lesson we take up onr third division, 
spheroidal trees. As an introduction let the student 
draw and shade a prolate spheroid standing on one 
end. as in Fig. i. Then draw a row of poplars on 
each side of a wide avenue, first drawing light con- 
struction lines for the tops and the bottoms of the 
rows, and meeting at the center, as in Fig. 2. The 
eiamploB in the plate were hurriedly prepared and 
are too formal and too nearly alike. Let the student 
vary the outlines more. Draw pear trees and others 
of similar form in the same way. 

The fourth class of trees we have called irregular, 
which is about the same as saying it is no class at 
all. Some of these may be said to be umbelliferous, 
or hemispherical. 

Fig. ;) shows the appearance of an open umbrella, 
with a leaflike figure [drawn on its several faces, to 
show how such figures are foreshortened at the left, 
top and right. It is well for the student to keep in 
mind that real leaves, clusters, branches and asso- 
ciated parts of trees are foreshortened in the same 

Fig, 4 is a very conventional tree of the weeping 
willow variety. Fig. .i may represent a young elm 
with the top cut off when planted. 

Fig. is umbelliferous in form. Figs. 7 and 9 may 
represent young elms. Figs. 8 and 13 represent 
palms. No. 10 is the stem or trunk of a dead pine. 
The others represent trees of peculiar forms, which 
with the others on the plate will afford a good 
-«. variety for practice. 

Overheard Among the Children. 

'■ I used to write my name real well," said Annie, " but 
every tnno I whispered. Miss Oarton made me write it on 
a «lip of luiimr forty- five times md hand to her after school 
and I wrote so fast to get through that I can't write my 
name well at all, nor make a good capital .1 when I want 

" Miss Hunter said she'd punish any one whom she 
caught whLspering and so she punished Charlie. She 
didn t punish me because she didn't catch me." 

" Well, I don't care anyway if I did have to stay in 
recess. Wlien 1 wrote in the spelling lesson ■ att^nsion • 
she Bind -Hon' spelled 'shun,' and so I wote it ■ occa- 
tion this morning. It wasn't a spellmg lesson any wav 
but language dictation."-/;. .V. lawyec, i,x. SchoulJonr- 


All Naiionalliies ICeprcsenleil iu ihe While People, 
Bui on Iiidlnn the Best l-eninan. 

Mr. t-laude N. Bennett, who last spring resigned the 
I'witiou of private secretju-y to the Secretary of the In- 
terior to go West and civilize the Indians, ba^ been allot- 
ting lands and disbursing funds to the Indians on the Fort 
Berthold agency. North Dakota, under the shadow of 
Cana<la. He has just returned and is enthusiastic over 
his tnp. 

"I was where there was more room, finer air, fewer 
white people and less civUizatiou than in anv spot outside 
of Africa." he said. " It was sevent.v-flve mUes from the 
railroail. I ilrove out m a gentle snow storm the middle 
of May. and returned in a Winding bUzzard the middle of 

" I was managing a sur\-e\ing crew and their national- 
ities illostmte the variegate<) character of the country. I 
had a t)erman surveyor, a Spanish cook, an Irish head 

<-hainman. a French Indian assistant chainman. a Man- 
dan Indian interpreter, an Arickaree Indian flagman 
and a teamster who wa.s b.v birth and breeding an F. F. 
V. And although all were good. I tielieve the Indians 
were the most useful men in the camp. An Indian was 
the best penman in the camp and the best penman on the 


The .liiihar ol' Ihe E:ili.narlb System Taken Ih<< Klnor. 

To the Edlt'n- : I have noted, with much interest, the 
lively discussion of the claims of vertical penmanship 
in the columns of The Jocrn-ai. and the argtiments 
]trf> and con by the great penmen and educators, but 
have been unable, thus far, to find explanation of the 
causes and conditions which underlie so animated a 
discussion over a proposal to substitute one style of pen- 
manship for another in the interest of the schools. Espe- 
cially have I been surprised to note the opposition of so 
man.v all-round penmen whose reprrtoire includes all 
styles to meet their own requirements, so tenacious about 
not allowing the risiug generation to test the claims of a 
concededly simpler style in the interests of education 

It is notorious that there has long been an "irrepress- 
ible conflict ' ' between writing teachers, as a class, and 
superintending educators ; the one claiming that the fin- 
ished product and performance must precede its employ- 
ment under ordinary conditions of use ; while the other 
insists that the requirements of primary instruction de- 


SO long as the professiooal writiug-moster spell dominatedi 
and with all due respect to my brethren of the profession. 
I wouli adv^.se them to study down to the situation and 
assist in bringing about the coming millennium when the 
roaring lion and spread eagle shall shake hands wilh 
the iwdagogue and school man and a little child shall 
lead them all out of the old birch woods I Yours lor co- 
ordinatiim, vertical or slanting. 



There has l)eeu a debate upon the relative nu-rita of 
slanting and vertical penmanship at the Boston Conven- 
tion of the New England Association of School Superin- 
tendents. Miss Anna Hill favored vertical writing rather 
than slanting. Supervisor Graves regarded the vertical 
stroke as a dangerous fad. and argued in behalf of the 
slanting style. He spoke of the slanting hand as an evo- 
lation of the priimtive vertical. Superintendent Cogswell 
told of a school that had adopted the vertical system 
" with a string to it." but be himsell prefers to write 
vertically, without any string. Sui>erintendent Perkins 
had introduced the vertical method into his schools, and 
the scholars liked it ; " its opponents," he said, " resort 
to ridicule and the imputation of selfish motives,'" an im- 
putation which we cannot understand. State Agent 
Bailey pointed out a defect of the slanting hand. The 

*| Ber)Htl3 ite bright cold kri% d.^i kep)t ^ry • 
^ A circle, or) tl)e e^rtb. o| Wilbere^i kbS/ib, 

^t PAbbitspr^P)^ 6.WAy. Tl)e \\^\)k? Wck 
of fo^, (5^0^ \\]t\)b kob.^ i^^.th),Werett)ere. 
Cro6siii? e^ct) ott^er. FrotT) \^\h hollow' tree 
: %iqiiirrel W6.5^1?ro^cl.?^therir)?th)eP)iit5 

Of \^{\)k? W^ 5b(^kettieir) fron) tljeir \)o\i 



mand for the child a means of expression both legible and 
easy of employment at a stage at which it is found im- 
practicable to develop the current slanting style, as it is 
necessary to be taught for such primary uses For the 
1 ist twenty-five years, to my own observation, it has been 
the serious study and greatest source of anxiety among 
school teachers and superintendents to secure good, legi- 
ble handwriting in primary grades. 

The ^^ jingo " teacher of penmanship demands priority 
for his subject, arm movements before formation, and 
rapidity to attain slant with shades and fiourishes galore. 

The practical result is illegibility, exhaustion of effort 
and discouragement in any serious attempt at intelligible 
expression of ideas in original school work. 

Teachers, superintendents and educators have mentally 
protested that such writing master methods were too 
tedious and exacting and if carried out would leave no 
time to reach other subjects and they have patiently bided 
the time until some substitute could be offered before 
abandoning Speucerian-ism to its fate. 

As an author of copy-books the writer has labored all 
these years to prune down, simplify and adapt, by vari- 
ous eliminations and devices, the American style of pen- 
manship so as to overcome these objections, but his indi- 
vidual efforts, while not fruitless, have not been broad- 
cast enough to stay the rising tide of disaffection among 
educators, who to-day are ready to abandon an almost 
uniform style of slant writing for one which encourages 
them to hope for co-ordination with other school work, 
as a medium of expression attainable by all, without 
undertaking to make a fine art out of a useful one, at 
so much sacrifice. I cannot, therefore, but regard this 
revolt of educators as an encouraging sign of a revival of 
interest in this subject in which it has seemed almost im- 
possible to enlist leading thinkers in educational matters 

Convention of Superintendents refrained from making 
any authoritative declaration apon the subject. 

We cannot give a final judgment in the case. We have 
noticed, however, that people who follow the slanting 
system are able to write more rapidly than those who fol- 
low the vertical. That is a serious consideration for all 
writers whose thoughts run very fast.— JV. 1'. Sun. 



No. 12. 

Movement DrUlu Again. 

IVE much attention to the move- 
ment drills. Practice the direct 
and indirect ovals, changing 
from one to the other without 
stopping, or lifting the pen from 
the paper. Practice a short time 
without looking at the work, 
while the pen is on the paper. 

Exchange t'apers and Studentu CHttrlae. 

Have scholars change papers with one another 
after working awhile on the capital for that leseon, 
and request them to examine them carefully, after 
which each one should write on the paper in his 
possession the best criticism he can offer, be it 
complimentary or otherwise, but calling attention 
to some particular point or points, when the paper 


should be returned. This will be prodactivc ot much 
Kood if well managed ; otherwise harm wi'l result. 

Vo im -Capital P has the down stroke bogin 
with a curve. Start the letter with the curve well 
developed, and keep the left side, or up stroke, far 
from the down stroke. The turn at the line should 
be carried well to the left, end the turn at the top 
should be made so that the finishing stroke crosses 
the upper part of the first stroke and makes a Utile 
opening before crossing the >lown stroke again, 
about half the height of the letter. Keep the turn 
at the top as wide as at the bottom, and see that it 
is a little higher than the first down stroke. 

Ao. wi.-B. Most of this letter is the same as cap- 
ital /', except that a little loop is formed on the mid- 
dle part of the first stroke, and the letter is finished 
with the right side of an oval. 

,Vo. /'/?.— The H is the same as the B. except that 
after making the loop the final stroke has a sort of 
a double carve. 

,Vo. ifi.'i.—Q. Make a small oval at the top, curve 
the down stroke a little, and carry it well to the 
left, forming a long, narrow, horizontal loop, so 
that it will rest on the lino, and finish with a double 
curve. The letter is much the same as a large 
figure S. 

No. m/i.—ln making Z the upper part is the same 
as N. Do not stop the motion, but make the loop 
at the base line so that the long way ot it will have 
the same direction as the do«Ti stroke. The part 
below the line is the same as the small letter. A 
straight line, on the main slant, should touch the 
right side of the letter, both above and below the 
line. Practice sentence writing, using the capitals 
in this number. 



Akoiil Vcrlii-nl WrltinE. 

Will 'some one of the advocates of vertical writing 
brighten u|) the rusty places in my understanding by an- 
swering the following (luestions : 

1. Do you really Ijeliove there is such a thing ..s verti- 
cal wnting y 

2. If so, why do so many of the leading advocates of 
your system claim that backhand is just the same as ver- 
tical ? 

9. Upon what physiological law do you base your claim 
that vortical writing is easier than slant and that a ver- 
tical line is easier to make than a semi vertical or hori- 
zontal one ? 

4. Do you use forearm movement in making vertical 
letters 1 

5. Do you have your students sit facing the desk ? 

t». If so, what kind of movement is the student using 
when he reaches the middle of his page, providing he is 
working on the ordinary school desk ? 

7. Will you stiite three advantages that vertical writing 
has over slant t 

By answering the above questions in a satisfactory 
manner, you will confer a favor on, 

yours truly. 

W. J. Amos, 
Stamford, Conn. 

Wise, Indeed. 

•• Uunkius. 1 giioas. is nlwut the smartest man of his years 
in this community." said the citizen who observes. 

" Knows a great deal, does he ?"' 

" Knows a great deal ? I should say so. Why, sir, that 
mim knows almost as much as his nineteen-year-cid 
daughter who is in the high school."— iras/iiiijton Star. 


A SuprrvlNor of Wrtllns In Fubllc }*choolH. 

How any city can boast of her grand school system, and 
have the writiug of its pupils away below what is pos- 
sible under the most favorable conditions is to me inex- 
cusable and unpardonable. 

The impetus given many branches through a compe- 
tent s\n>ervisor of writing is incalcuable. I dare not allow 
myself to give the iiercent. of gain since coming here. All 
are pleased and delighted. Work pleasant and profitable. 
C. H. Pkirce, 
Su|H-rvisor Writiug. Evansville. Ind. 

Father to the n«n. 

^ZjZI^.-A'^ ^i^i^ 



The " Vertical " Fad. 

Mv Dear KiTTREDGE-Since talking with you this 
morning on the " new departure" in penmanship, wherem 
we differed-as we like to ditfer-concerning the perma- 
nencv ot the " new fad," as I call it, I have been trymg to 
look at the matter impartially, irrespective ot my preju- 
dices or of mv interest. You say that in selecting a clerK 
or a bookkeeper you would prefer one who writes vTsrti- 
cally rather than one who is on the conventional slant. 
Powibly 1 mav in time come to the same conclusion. 1 
find myself most frequently writiug the old-fashioneo 
" back-hand " for aU purposes of memorandum, and fre- 
quently for my correspondence, especially if I use a foun- 
tain pen. I write thus tor two or three reasons : First, 
it is more compact and more legible ; and next, 1 can 
write it with more comfort m any position, quite as well 
on a pad or book cover resting on my knees as on a table 
with plentv of " elbow room." This is because it is neces- 
siu-ily written with the finger movement, every down 
stroke being shaded. I cannot, however, write it with 
nearly the speed that I can my conventional hand, with 
the muscular movement and plenty of " swing." Besides, 
I can write only a short time without feeling cramped, 
both in my fingers and my body. To write thus continu- 
ally would be impossible for me, although I learn from 
the promoters ot this style that it can be written as rapidly 
and easily as conventional writing and with as tree a 
movement. This may be so, but 1 doubt it. I have seen 
it tried quite persistently, but have never seen the results 
that are claimed for it. As I understand it, this innova- 
tion has its use in the requirements of library indexing, 
under Mr. Melville Dewey, our enterprising secretary of 
the Board ot Regents, at Albanj . It is doubtless the 
proper thing tor this kind of work, as it is for many other 
kinds of slow and exact tabulation, but that, by no means, 
settles the matter. The one requisite of legibility can be 
secured at far less cost and with the fullest acceptance ot 
all that large class of earnest persons who want to " read 
writing." I think we have secured it in the style that 
has been adopted and practiced in the Packard College 
for the past three years. I send you the plates of a page 
of reproduced writing from the revised Packard's Manual 
of Bookkeeping, which I think will prove my point. This 
is taken from the writing of Mr. E. M. Barber, and is 
reproduced without patching or fixing up in any way. It 
is necessarily reduced in size, but is a fair example of 
every-day work. I call your attention to a few jioints : 1. 
Every letter is plain and positive, and is so separated from 
the other letters that its autonomy is forever established. 
2. It is always made in the same way under all circum- 
stances, and when once recognized can be easily held in 
the mind. 3. The down strokes are all decided and uni- 
form in shade. 4. The capital letters are devoid of use- 
less " grace lines " and never vary in form. .5. The writ- 
ing is done with the muscular movement and is rapid. 

And finally the effect is always pleasing. 

I have been myself a writiug master, and have pro- 
moted " hand writing " for more years than I like to say, 
but have never seen such results as we are getting out of 

this simple application of common sense to education. 1 
am not particularly anxious that anybody should adopt 
our ideas, but I can see no reason at present for changing 

them. I do not believe that the " vertical fad " has come 
to stay. "On the contrary, quite the reverse. "—.*?, S. 

rackard in BusiafSji. 

The country boy who would rather stay at home and 
turn the griudstoue than go out hunting woodchuckt may 
get to lie a rich man, but he w-ill Ix' a man the world will 
have to look out for when he grows up.— .Soijicrri7/c Joiir- 

" A Big Day for tlie Road." 

A Journal representative was unfortunate enough to 
travel from NiaRara Falls to New York by '■ The Pictur- 
esque Lehigb Valley " railroad recently. The road is pictur- 
esque enough— and so is its treatment of those deluded into 
riding over it. Passenger travel must be light these days and 
when a victim is secured, word is probably flashed along 
the line to keep an eye on him. Tbe Joi-r.val man 
was deluded enough to stop over without first having 
secured a warranty deed to his ticket, and plans and specifi- 
cations giving Ian insight into the workings of the circum- 
locution^ office, known as the " Passenger Department." 
That's where he made his mistake! In his spare moments 


he is brushing the hayseed out ot his hair and lamenting the 
Sin that he is minus because of the aforementioned stop 
over It the head of the Passenger Department will sena 
his address to this mourning JouilNAl. reptesentative, ne 
will receive a pen picture of a bounding stag bearing Diana 
to the chase. It mav help the Passenger Department to chase 
up another innocent newspaper man who can be persnadea 
to ride over the •■ Picturesque Lehigh Valley." 

One of the New Year resolutions made by The journal 
man was to walk It necessary rather than ride over the 
•■ Lehigh " again. This policy of <b9commodinB passenKers 
may dfvert travel from tlie road-but it Is a great thing to 
the road-while it lasts. They lost one regula Passengei 
but as Chas. Mestaver used to say m his play, A fullman 
Car," it was " a big day for the road " 






School and Persona 

— AraonK the new schools are the following: Chicago 
Coll. of CJom.. 4:w \V. (Wrd St., Chicago, III., M. Sayre, Mgr. 

Birmingham, Ala., B. C, R. B. SejTnour, Pres. and 

Willard J. Wheeler, Sec'y and Treas. Huntsville, Ala.. 

B. C., L. Bvron Sullivan, Propr. Hmman's B. C, 

Springfield, Mosp., A. H. Hinman, Prln. Crumb s Coll. 

of Bu9., Seneca Fulls, N. Y., H. F. Crumb, Propr. A 

new normal college will bo opened in Anderson, Ind., m 
September, '9ft, by Wm. M. Groan, late of the West. Nor. 
('oil., Lincoln, Neb. The Copper City Com'l Coll., Ana- 
conda, Mont., U. O. Sisson, Prop., is a new institution. 

— The following changes in management have occurred 
among the schools recently : O. C. Domey, Prea. of the 
American B. C, sold partintereat in the school to Everett 
M. Turner, of Cochran, Ga., who will succeed Mr. Domey 
as pres. Mr. Domey will reniaiu as superintendent of the 

Pen. and Bus. Depts. Omaha B. C , F. F. Roose, Pres. 

and the Omaha Com. Ooll., Rohrbough Bros., Proprs , 
have consolidated and now occupy the rooms of the 
Omaha C. C. The faculty has been increased in numbers. 
Mr. Lowrj' will be prin. of Bus. Dept.. F. W. Mosher, the 
Shorthand and Typewriting. The new name will be 

Omaha Cora'l and Omaha Bus. Coll. G. F. Clarke has 

purchased the interest of W. L. Chapman and F. S. E. 
Amos in the Willie Halsell B. C, Vinita, Indian Ter., and 
hereafter the school will be known as Clarke's B. C. Mr. 
Clarke has also opened another school under the same 

name in MuscoMej Indian Ter A. W. Edmiston is 

Propr. of the Edmiston Acad, of Bus., 563 William St., 

Buffalo, N. Y. D. Fullmer has purchased an interest in 

the Bliss B. C, Fitchburg, Mass. and is Prin. of the insti- 
tution. R. E. Butrick and W. L. Shinn. former teachers 

in the institution, have purchased the Clarke B. C, Bridge- 
ton, N. J., and now call it the Bridgeton B. C. The 

Denver Normal and Preparatory School, Fred Dick, Prin., 
Wallace's B. C, Robert Wallace, Prin., and the Wood- 
worth Shorthand Coll., W. A. Woodworth, Prin.. have 
been consolidated under one head with W. A. McPherson 
as manager. The advertisement neglectstogive the name 

under which the trinity will operate. D. J. Dusen- 

berrv has purchased the interest of H. J. King in the 

Niagara Falls, N. Y.. B. C. B. J. Griffin, Prin. of the 

Shorthand Dept., Childs' B. C, Springfield, Mass., and 
author of "Typewriting by Touch " has purchased an 
interest in the college. —J. C. Bowser, lat« of No. B. C, 
Watertown, N. Y., has purchased an interest iu the Eckel 
0. C, Erie,'Pa., and the school will now be known as the 
Modem C. C. Mr. Bowser was presented with a hand- 
some pressed plush easy chair by the students at Water- 
town when he left. 

— G. E. Snyder, formerly Propr. of the Com'l School, 
Terre Haute, lud., has temporarily gone out of school busi- 
ness, and is now located at Kent, N. Y. 

— Among the recent visitors to The Journal office 
are : W. C. Henniug, Millersville, Pa.; C. B. Hall, Yonk- 
ci-K, N. Y.. B. C; R. E. Butrick. Bridgeton, N. J., B. C; 
J. G. Gerberich. Lebanon, Pa.. B. C; H. C. Spencer' 
Pmvidence, R. I.; J. Howard Keeler, Boys' High School' 

R. A. 

— C. E. BoUou, the well-known traveler and historical 
lecturer, has been secured by the Spencerian B. C, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, to deliver a course of four lectures before its 
students. Wo have lately received from this same insti- 
tution a very handsome holiday greeting. Every seat in 

panying a list of subscriptions, C. 
-- "The Journal, like 

their building was occupied at last report. 

— In a letter accoi_ .. 

G. Prince, Buffalo, N. Y., \\Tites 
that other eminent New 
Yorker, Chauncey M. 
Dei»ew, is a ' peach.' " 

— J. Clifford Kenuedj', 
teacher of shorthand in 
Pottstowu. Pa., B. C. was 
calletl to Toledo, (i., during 
Decemlier on account of the 
dangerous illness of his wife, 
who was ^nsiting her parents 
there. We are glad to re- 
port that Mrs. Kennedy has 
gri'atly impnived. 

— The Rochester. N. Y.. 
B. U has been having a 
veritable boom this season, 
and iu a late letter received 
from Mr. Osborne, he writes 
that thev have the largest 
attend auce iu the history of 
the institution. 

— W. H. Callow. Prin. of 
the Elgin. 111.. B. C. suffered 
severe loss in a fire which 
destroyed the college build- 
ing ou the morning of De- 

cember 31. The school has opened up in other quarters, 
and is now running nicely. 

~ In a late letter Mr. O. H. Bresee of the Burdett 
Coll., Boston, writes: "Each issue makes good your 
promise to serve up to us the very best in the line of pen- 

— In the Bay City, Mich., Tribune, we find the novel 
ad. of the International B. C. of that [city, namely, some 
excellent business writing by A, H. Ross, penman of the 
institution, with an offer of three months' lessons in pen- 
manship free. 

— So many good words for The Journal come to us 
from all sides," that we find it impossible to publish even 
a small percentage of them. One of the greatest compli- 
ments ever paid to us has been received from C. A. Hiu- 
chee, Prin. of the Com'l and Pen. Dcpts. of Galloway 
Coll., Searcy, Ark. He writes : " I like the work of The 
Journal, as it is outlined in your December number. You 
serve a greater number of people in a greater variety of 
ways relating to their profession, than any other educa- 
tional journal published.'' 

— In the New London, Conn., Da\j, we find a highly com- 
plimentary notice of New London B. C, R. A. Brubeck, 
Prin. From the New London Morninu Tefegrain, we get 
quite an account of the presentation of a roll-top desk to 
Prin. Brubeck by the students of his school. 

— In a letter accompanying a subscription list, G. W. 
Suavely, Prin. of the Juniata B. C, Huntingdon, Pa., 
writes: " I have been a regular subscriber to The Pen- 
man's Art Journal for eighteen yeai"s, and have a copy 
cf every issue since. My school is holdmg its own well. 
My graduates are all doing nicely. I have a good class of 

— N. E. Ware, Supt. of Public Schools, Hawkinsville. 
La., writes : " Enclosed find my regular subscription, 
which makes the twentieth year. This ought to be suf- 
ficient evidence that I am pleased with The Journal. 

— The Charlotte, N. C, Observer devotes over half a 
column to a write up of the Charlotte 0. C, of which L. 
H. Jackson and W. R. Hayward are Prins. This institu- 
tion has lately moved into tine new rooms in the Y, M. C. 

A. Bldg. 

— J. S. Merrill, Springfield, O., in renewing his sub- 
scription, writes : " No cheap edition for me please. My 
name is on the permanent list. The present Journal is 
a full grown boy." 

— In a handsomely illustrated edition of the Harris- 
burg, Pa., Telegraph, we find an illustrated write-up of 
the School of Com., J. C. Shumberger, Pres. 

— The Evergreen State, Seattle, Wash., devotes two 
pages to a sketch and portrait of Judson P. Wilson, Prin. 
of the Wilson's Modem B. C. of that city. 

— Mr. J. M. Frasher. Prop, of the Wheeling, W. Va., 

B. C, was severely injured in the fearful Baltimore & 
Ohio R. R. wreck on November 8, and is not able yet to 
attend to business. 

— A letter recently received from the head of a school in 
Utah, which has a business department, contains the fol- 
lowing rather remarkable sentence : " I consider your pa- 
pers of no use to me or my school." 

— The Scranton B. C, Scranton, Pa., is meeting with 
marked success. The last copy of the college journal con- 
tained a half-tone cut of a photograph of one of the large 
writing classes, that would indicate a big attendance. 

— C. P. Zaner, Zanerian Art Coll., Columbus, O , in 
writing about The Journal for '96, says "I think you 
have struck a good plan to keep up the standard of The 
Journal. I don't think many wiJl want the cheap edi- 
tion. It may cause a little confusion, but not long. You 
are doing splendidly from outward appearances, and I 
hope you are doing well from the inside view -the finan- 
cial—also. All the moves you make are in the right direc- 
tion, I believe. In fact, you are progressing wonderfully 
well indeed. Keep it up. You are deserving of prosperity 
and success. ' ' 

— The Trade Register, Seattle, Wash., has the follow- 
ing to say about a well-known commercial college teacher: 
" F. R. McLaren, who for several years has been teaching 
Graham's Standard Phonography at the Acme B. C, in 
this city has recentlv passed a very searching examina- 
tion in Ben n Pitman Phonography and leceued a certifi- 
cate to teach the latter system also The certificate is 
signed by Beun Pitman the founder of this sj stem of 

American shorthand. As far as we know, Mr. McLaren 
is the only certified teacher of Pitmauic shorthand in this 

— Messrs. Mehan & McCauley of the C. C. C. C, Des 
Moines, la., sent out a very neat holiday greeting. 

— F. J. Toland, Pres. Wisconsin B. U., La Crosse, 
Wis., writes : " I have been reading The Penman's Art 
Journal for twenty years aud for the past ten years it 
has seemed to me that it would be impos.<iible for it to be 
improved, but ever>' year the improvement has been made 
just the same. No paper is received at this office that 
gives us as valuable returns for the investment as The Pen- 
man's Art Journal and that it may ' live long aud pros- 
per ' is our sincere wish." 

— The Christmas number of Harlem Life devotes a full 
page to a speaking likeness and biography"of Clement Car- 
rington Gaines, Pres. N. Y. B. C, and Eastman College, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

— The Ontario B. C, Belleville, Canada, W. B. Robin- 
son & J. W.Johnson, Prins., has achieved a distinction 
that would go to show that some business colleges are 
conducted b^- business men and expert accountants aud 
that their students are turned out expert accountants. At 
a reoeot examination of the Institute of Chartered Ac- 
countants, held in Belleville, four applicants, all giadu- 
ates of the O. B. C, were examined, and all were success- 

— The illustrated holiday edition of the Lincoln, III., 
Leader contains a half-tone portrait of Prin. W. R. Whets- 
ler, with sketch nf the Lincoln B. C. 

— J. R. Payne, teacher of writing and bookkeeping in 
Washington College, Tenn., is one of the old-timers. H:s 
first wi-iting lessons were from B. H. Rand's System. 

— As an illustration to show how " actual " the actual 
business department of a bus. coll. may be, Shaw's B. C., 
Augusta, Me., is sending out some unique advertising cir- 
culars, consisting of photo-engraved check and letter, 
made payable to and addressed to H. B. Claflin & Co. 
This was a fii-m name given to one of the offices in 
Shaw's B. C, Portland, Me., and the letter from Augusta 
miscarried and reached the big dry goods house iu N. Y., 
and so businesslike was everything that the check was 
treated as a regular remittance and sent to the bank for 
deposit, where the mistake was discovered. 

— H. A. Bocquet, Montreal, Canada, in renewing his 
subscription, writes ; '* I have fuund your paper the most 
interesting of its kind I have ever seen. Its object is 
most deserving and its usefulness never ends, since 
made up in volumes it can be held forever as a book of 
reference for all members of the family, young and old. 
No library should be without it, and 1 firmly believe if 
you were to have all artists canvassed, you could secure 
here and elsewhere a great many subscriptions, as it con- 
tains new and original designs of great value for publica- 
tion, etc." 

— S. McVeigh of Mt. Vernon. 111., is a new addition 
to the faculty of the Hartford B. C, Hartford, Conn. His 
portrait with brief sketch appeared in the Hartford Post, 
Saturday, January 18. 

— The Utica, N. Y., Daih/ Union has the following 
mention of a presentation to a well known penman : 
" Prof. T. J. Risinger was very thoughtfully remembered 
by his students, who presented him an elegant office chair 
and ornamental inkstand, accompanied by suitable assur- 
ances of their friendship and esteem. 

— In a late number of VEnseignmenf Pr maire, Que- 
bec, we find an article by M. A. Talbot on writing. 
Our knowledge of French is too rusty to make a success- 
ful translation. 

— The I^'i7nes.<{,'.Stillwater, Minn., devotes several pages 
to an illustrated write-up of the Stillwater B. C., W. P. 
Can field, Pnn. 

— We have received a splendidly written business letter 
accompauying a fine list of subscriptions, from E. F. Tim- 
berman, penman of the Decorah, la., Inst. Mr. Timber- 
man is a successful, enthusiastic teacher, who writes and 
teaches d la Thornburg. 

— The Burlington, Vt., Free Press gives quite an ac- 
count of a presentation of a hall tree by the students 
of Burbngton B. C. to Pnn. E. G. Evans. 

Movements of the Teachers, 

— J. Howard Baldwin, late of Bennington, O., has 
charge of the Shorthand, Penmanship and English work 
in the Clark B. C, Lockport, N. Y. R. M. West, late 




of Jones- B. C, Chicago, is aa8i»tmg A F Wallace in the 
Onuid Prairie Hem., Onargo. I1I.--E >'• He-^^ser. 
penman uf the Taunton. Maas., B. t, has been maae 
hnncipal of that institotion.— -M tt. Blank.nshm late 
of t-pi«r Alton, 111, ia pnncpal of Wood 6 B. C. Potte- 

ville Pa, a new Bch.x.1. O. A. Swayze of BelleviUe. 

Ont i» a late addition to the faculty of the ^ o. B.C., 

Watcrtown N Y 1^ L' Short is penman of Edmiston 

B C Cleveiand, O Wm. Feller, for manv years pripci- 

i»l of the Canton, »., B. '•.. is not actively enraged m 

school work at present. O. E. Bolton, Oneida, > .»•. ■» 

a now shorthand teacher in the B. & S. B. C. Chicago. 

E L McCain is with the St. Thomas, Ont., B. C— — 

W. P. Mclutosh U no longer with the Bliss B. C., Fitch- 

bnre, Mass. <:. C Maring, for many years well known 

in the peniiuinship Held, has dropped this and the TOlIege 
work altogether. He is now located in Seattle, W ash.— - 
W. E. .Stinp. formerly of Bushnoll, III., but more recently 
of Wood B B C . Wilkesbarre. Pa., is principal of the 
comi dept. of the So. Ind. Nor. Col., Mitchell. Ind.-— 
E. B. Minor of Washington, la., Ls adiled to the faculty 

of the Spencerian B. C., Milwaukee, Wis Alice Cary 

Conffcr, formerly teacher of penmanship in Steubemille, 
O , B. C, has resigned and is now at her home in Platts- 

mouth, Neb. C. A. Saffle, formerly of Fort Scott, 

Kan , B. C , is now in the faculty of the Kan. Nor. Coll. 

of that city. P. A. Westrope is now general Hjlictor 

and collector of the Ked Oak, la., Kj-prcM. S. R. Bur- 
din, formerly penman of the Buffalo, N. '^ ■••>■ Yi' ''"" 
resigned and given up teaching altogether. H. J. HUton 

is Mr. Bunllns successor in the school. J. M. Schillig, 

formerly of the Actual B. C, Canton, O., is now penman 

in Edmistons Acad, of Bus., Buffalo, N. Y. S. A. 

Pliillippy is a new addition to the faculty of the Coleman 

H. C, Newark, N. J. O. D. Foster is connected with 

the Ind. Bu^, Inst., Anderson, Ind. A. C. Elliott suc- 
ceeds John A. Loniax in the Weathertord, Tex., College. 
A B. Thompson is connected with the Blount Col- 
logo, Blountsville, Ala. Frank W. Martin conducts 

evening classes in the Auburn, Me.. Y. M. C. A., in addi- 
tion to his work in Grays B. C, Portland. E, R, Se- 

l.niig is a now penman of the Ohio Valley B, C, E. Liver- 

pi)ol. O. .Jno. P. Fannini; has charge of commercial 

work in All Hallow's Coll., Salt Lake, Utah. C. C. 

floiKlman lias charge of the Dubois, Pa., B. C. J. M. 

Holmes, formcrlv of the Brazil, Ind., B. C, is now teach- 
ing in the Bradford, Pa., B. C. E. C. Olenn is a new 

poiiiuan of the Butte, Mont., B. C. 

llKItNllARD (1ILT,AM. 

Bombard (iillam, the cartoonist of Juiliji; died of ty- 
phoid I'.jier on January lit. He was born in Banbury, 
(l.\lor.l,hiiv, England, in 1».>7, and even at the early age 
of nine vmira , whi>n ho came to this country with his 
parents, bo showed remarkable artistic ability, which ho 
uTiilonbteillv inherited from his father, who was an artist 
or merit. He took an art course in Ne(v York, after hav- 
ing studied law fora while, and finding that he excelled m 
liuinorous drawings, decided to devote his time to news 
piiliur illustrations. At the age of twenty-one he began 
to contribute to Lrslie's HVi'Wt/, -Vpic i'orA- Oroyj/iir and 
lliiiliirii WerkUi. Afterward he became one of the regular 

While on the t\ick sUilf, his ilrawing representing James 
It. Blaine as the "Tatooed Man" made a great hit and 
priived the turning point in Mr. Gillam's C4ireer. Mr. Gil- 
liiin became a partner in the illustrated weekly Jwhje 
when that paper was reorganized ten years ago, and he 
liitd since that time devoted himself mainly to cartoons of 
political events. 


.Mrs. Jas. D, (liUwrt, wife of the penman of Brown's 
School of Business, Kansas City, Mo., died in that city 
Januiiry :i, ISIWI, of jmeumoniu, aged '27 years. She was 
an exiMiipliiry (.'hristian. A three yeal"s"' old daughter 
and hiihb.ind are left to mourn her death. Interment 
was at Eliiora, la. 

We desire to send our sympathy to Brother Gilbert. 


On Thui-sibiy, January 2, IS9(1, at Buffalo, N. Y., Mr. 
Hilanii K. Cnuiitt and Miss Isabel Smith were married. 
Mr Crumb is proprietor of {'rumb's Coll. of Bus. and 
Shorlliiiii.l, s,ii,.,u Kails, N. Y. He was formerly con- 
uectcii with Catou's Bus. Schools in Buffalo and Cleve- 


—At the home of the bride's parents, in Big Rainds, 
Mich., on We<luesday evening, January '.22. IHlMi, "Mr. 
(^bas, E. Nunge.sser and Miss Kate Seaman were united 


Mrs. Nungesseris the well known writer and supervisor 
of writing and drawing in the public school of Big 
Rapids. Portrait, autograph and sketch of her appeared 
in the December, ISU.t, Joirnai.. 

ilur best wishes go with our friends in their new re- 

Arw Catalogues, Srhool iTournata, etc. 

— The catalogue of the St«inman Institnto, Dixon, III., 
is quite a st.vlish looking document, clearlv printed on a 
splendid quality of paper. One peculiarity about it is 
that there is not a cut used in the entire catalogue or on 
the cover. Mr. Steinman iss,ues a very tine college jour- 
nal that is nicely illustrated. 

— Among the catalogues received for the month were 
till- following ; Acme Coll. Inst., Seattle, Wash.; Hornell 
B. U., Hornellsville. N. Y.; Univ. of Notre Dame, Ind ■ 
Oro<>usburg. Pa.. Sem.; Grand Forks, N. D.. Coll • 
Douglas Co. Nor. Ava., Mo : Maryland B. C, Baltimore' 
Md.; Kane's B. C Baltimore, Md.; Montpelier, Vt , Sem 

— The following schools have sent some verv tasty 
printing in the .shape of brochures, pamphlet.s, etc : Pon- 
tiac Mich , B. C. ; Birmingham. Ala.. B C. ; Los Angeles, 
Cjil , B. C; Keystone B. C . Lancaster. Pa.; Actiml B C 
Canton, O.; Spencerian B. C, Yonkers, N Y ■ Univ 

School, New Orleans, La.; Springfield. 111., B. C, Can- 
ton, O., C. C. 

— The handsomest calendar we have received from any 
school has come from F. J. Toland. Wisconsin B. U., 
La Crosse, Wis. Mr. Toland believes in bright advertis- 

— Other calendars have lieen received from the Univ. 
of Notre Dame, lud.; Keystone B. C, Lancaster, Pa. 

— College journals have been received from the follow- 
ing institutions : Conner's B. C, Coshocton, O.; B. & 
S. B. C, Louisville. Kv. ; Wis. B. U., La Crosse, Wis. ; 
Omaha, Neb., C. C. ; Ijope Ind, Nor. and Bus. School; 
Greensburg. Pa., Sem.; Newark, O., B. C. ; Spencerian 
B. C, Owensboro, Kv.; State Nor. School. Emporia, 
Kans.: Marion. Ind.. "N. C: Notre Dame. Ind., Univ.; 
Actual B. C, Canton. O.; Grand Forks, N. D.. Coll.; 
Scranton, Pa., B. C; Santa Rosa. Cal.. B. C. ; Napa. Cal.. 
B. C; Central Wesleyan Coll.. Warrentown. Mo.; Bart- 
lett C. C, Cincinnati'. O. ; Heald's B. C. .San Francisco, 
Cal.: Nashua. N. H.. B. C; Ualveston. Tex., B. U.; Ohio 
B. (;., Mansheld. O.; Hall's B. C, Portland and Logans- 
port, Ind.; St. Viateur's Coll.. Bourbonna's Grove. 111.; 
Wolf's B. C, Hagerstown, Md ; Luthersville, Qa., Coll. 
Inst.; Willmar. Minn.. Sem.; Scranton, Pa., B. C; Los 
Angeles, Cal., B. C; Woodbury B. C, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Fraternal Notes. 

J', lb Hi 

ol ]}epar 

— The Penmanship Exhibit in the Cincinnati, O., Pub- 
lic Schools wa9 awarded a diploma of honorable mention 
with bronze raedal at the Atlanta Exposition. When it 
comes to getting up exhibits and capturing prizes, How- 
ard Champlin, Superintendent of writing, is always to the 

— In a letter lately received from B. L. Slemons, Paris, 
III., he informs us that L. H. Potts of Riverside, Cal., is 

meuts will soon be made whereby the County and City 
Superintendeuts will give him substantial aid in his wofk 
in the public schools. 

— R, L, McCarty, in addition to being interested in pen- 
manship, is editor of the Bodie, Cal., Evening Miner. 

— We have received from Mis& Margaret A. Reid, Su- 
pervisor of Drawing and Writing in the State Normal 
School, Mankato, Minn., a treatise on vertical writing, 
in which she takes the ground that it is not new or a fiuJ 
and that it has come to stay. 

— Miss Clara Banks, Supervisor of Writing and Draw- 
ing, Osage, la., writes : " This is my third year here. My 
pupils and 1 wish very much it were possible for you to give 
a series of lessons in India ink drawing, and many Western 
teachers second my wish. With the very best wishes for 
the best penman's paper in America and the world, I 
am, yours for the good work, Clara Banks." [Note by 
Editor.— Mr. Thompson's lessons, though for blackboard 
drawing, can be used very easily for pen and ink. As 
teachers are called upon to use the board more than pen 
and ink or pencil, we thought the blackboard series 
would suit the greatest number. Judging by the large 
number of letters we have received commending the 
blackboard idea, we are convinced that it has been just 
what the teachers needed,] 

— Miss Mary Conditt, Indianola. la. , is not in school work 
this year and expects to travel most of the time. Sne 
writes : " I have nothing but words of praise for The 
Journal. Every teacher in our public schools should be 
a subscriber for it." 

— J. B. Lutton, Supervisor, Ashtabula, O., sends a set 
of vertical capitals, which we would produce had they 
been written in black ink. He writes : " I have been 
Supervisor of Writing in this city for the past-li years. 
For the past term I have been experimenting with verti- 
cal writing and thus far like it quite well. The Board of 
Education here are well pleased with the progi'ess made 
during the term and I think will soon adopt it. 

— Miss Maud Ballou, formerly special teacher in the 
schools of Nevada, la., is not in school work this year. 

— In a letter from Miss Mary Stimson, Supervisor of 
Writing of Public Schools, Shenandoah, Iowa, toTHE Jour- 
nal's Managing Editor, she says: "I have been a subscriber 
to The Journal for several years and always gladly wel- 
come its monthly visit, but when I noted in it your name as 
Managing Editor I felt more than interested in it, because 
I took my first lessons in muscular movement writing from 
you in the old Western Nor. Coll. of this place, and it was 
you who spoke of the rapid improvement I made and 
who advised me to make penmanship a special study. 
Probably you do not remember me, as I am aware that a 
great many pupils passed under your direction during 
the year, eacn one claiming a portion of your crowded 
time. 1 little thought then that I should ever be Super- 
visor of Writing in the Public Schools of this plac«, but 
such did Fate decree ray work to be this year, and I ac- 
cepted with pleasure and interest.*' 

— L. M. Caldwell is teaching in the public schools 
of Butler County, Pa., and conducting special cla-sses 
al-so. In regard to the Union of Public School Writing 
Teachers, he says : " I am very much in favor of this, i 
have frequently thought of it." 

— Harry Houston, Supervisor of Writing in the Public 
Schools of Saginaw, E. S., Mich., writts: *' We have tried 
vertical writing for over two years in some rooms and 
have found ways of overcoming some of the difficulties. 
If pupils are simply told to write straight they are quite 
apt to begin by making the upward strokes vertical, 
which win, of course, throw the writing into a back- 
hand. The most results will be noticed if pupils lean over 
their work and spread their arms out so that their elbows 
are quite a distance from the body." 

— A few lines from a late l^ter received from A. 
Tooley, teacher in the State Normal School, Brockport. 
N. Y.. will explain why so many of the teachers in the 
common schools fail as writers and teachers of writing. 

Here's what Mr. Tooley writes : " Our course is crowded 
so full of work that all who can by any means cut oflf n 
part of their work are inclined to do so. Pass cftfds are 
accepted for the subject of writing and many take the 
advantage of them so as to avoid taking the subject in 
class. And yet some of these teachere who accept " pasw 
airds"iu later years will get up m teachers* meetings, 
institutes, etc.. and tell how much they know about 
teaching writing. 

— J. N. Engle. formerly Supervisor of Writing in Eu- 
terpise, Kans!. is now principal of the Fitteeutn Street 
School, Junction City, h.aus. He has not lost his interest 
in writing, however. 

— The many friends of L. S. ThomjMton, Dii-ector of 
Drawing, Public Schools. Jersey City, N. J., will be 
pained to learn of the death of his eldest daughter, which 
occurred in Parkersburgh. W. Va., about the middle of 

— W. C. Stevenson, the Bookkeeping and Penman.«hip 
Department, State Normal School. Emporia, Kans.j dis- 
tributed a four-psige pamphlet " The Vertical Writing 
Fallacy Exposed," at the last meeting of the Kansas St*ite 
Teachers' Aasociation. which is one of the l>est arguments 
for sloping writing that we have seen. He takes the 
various pomts made bv the vortical advocates and dis- 
cusses each one in detail. Those interested in this matter 
would do well to send to Mr. Stevenson for a copy. 

— W. F. Ho'itetler is Principal of Schools and Super- 
visor of Penmanship and Drawing in Lapaz, Ind. 

— M. W. Barnes, in addition to his work as Sui>ervi8c)r 
of Penmanship and Drawing m the State Normal School. 
Valley City, N. Dak., alsn has charge of these special de 
partments in the public schools of that city. 

— E. L. Hewett, Supt. of the Training Department, 
State Normal" School, Ureeley, Col., is not only a good 
writer himself, but understands teaching it. and is greatly 
interested in having teachers in his school and State be- 
come acquainted with the best methods. About this 
matter he writes as follows : " I am heart and soul with 
you and the great Art Journal in your good work. I 
nave always considered The JouRNAL'peerless in its line, 
and I am glad to know the plans contemplated for ex- 
tending its usefulness. Your new plan cannot fail of 
success. You have analyzed that proposition most judi- 

Well Known Supervisors. 


From time to time The Journal has had occasion to 
mention the good work being done by Mlss Blood as 
Supervisor of Writing and Drawing of the Public Schools 
in Council Bluffs, la., which i^osition she has held for 
several years. After getting a good common school educa- 
tion. Miss Blood prepared herself thoroughly for her special 
work by taking courses in writing and drawing, and her 
summers are spent in summer schools devoted to these 
branches. During Holiday week she is usually in attend- 
ance at the Western Penmen's Association, of which body 
she was secretary for '!f5. She has been elected Vice- 
President of the Drawing and Writing Teachers' Associa- 
tion of the Federation of Commercial Teachers' Associa- 
tion.s for '96. Miss Blood is active, energetic, progressive, 
and is always up to the times in anything pertaining to 
her work. 

Normal School Penmen. 

C. A, Branigcr is principal of penmanship and busines-s 
departments, twicher of drawing and jiart owner of tlie 
Northwestern Normal School, Stanberry, Mo. He was 
born in Ohio in 18f>ti, He is a farmer's son and received 
a good common school education, after which he com- 
pleted penmanship and business courses and later took 
a course in drawing in the Xenia, Ohio, drawing school. 
Prepared himself to teach penman&hipand drawing in the 
city schools. He taught writing and drawing in county 
institutes in nhnois and spent two years as principal of 
the business, penmanship and drawing departments of the 
Hayward Collegiate Institute, at Fairfield, 111. Later he 



filled poritions in trasiness colleges in Cleveland, Coshocton 
and OalioD, Ohio; BafTalo, N. T. ; Wheeling, W. Va. 

Mr. Braniger handles varionii styles of ornamental pen 
work to good advantage: is at home in the drawing line 

iind is a succe^cful teacher of commerclul branches. Hii 
beautiful buHineH.H writing is his mainstay, and of thii 
work The .Touhnai. has shown some specimens 
l«iKt and will show more in the future. 


A Feast with Rare Old Books. 

Hail, mislick Art I which men like angels taught. 
To spiNik to Eyes, and paint unbody'd Thought ! 

—J. Champiaii. 1T4U. 
.\iimlitr a. 
These few rambling sketches do not pretend to 
be a history of writing ; that would occupy more 
s|)iice than we can spare and we do not believe our 
readers care for anything so comprehensive, es- 
in'cially when they know that it would curtail the 
space to 1)6 devot«d to other things. 

We will now go from the English to the Ameri 
I im penmen. 

John Jenkins was the first American penman to 
publish a book of which we have any record. The 
lite as given by some is 1".")», although in the third 
•ilition now before us the author says : ■ The 
luthor's first book, containing the explanations of 
the first principles of writing, was published in 


Mr. Jenkins, in his preface, states that because of 
ill health and lack of funds, he was obliged to allow 
iwenty years to elapse (1791 1811) before publish- 
ing the book complete. A large number of promi 
iient people were subscribers and recommended the 
tniok in the strongest terms— at the head of the list 
I'eiiig : ■• His Excellency, John Hancock, Esq." 

In a supplementary preface the author announces 
tint he will give " a tenth part of the profits of 
tliis whole work to the encouragement of the Bible, 
Missionary and Tract Societies." 

The book contains 80 pages of letterpress and a 
few plat4's crudely engraved. It is a manual and is 
ispected to accompany a si>ries of seven copy books. 

In 178 1. Henry Dean had published in New York, 
■Au Alphabetical Set of Large Text Words, "• 
which was nothing more or less than large size 
"Id English round hand. The copy before us is 
yellow with age and the fine lines of the up strokes 
ire almost obliterated. 

In 1805 he brought out a more pretentious work 
known as "Deans Analytical Gnide." The ea^t 
'■rn part of the United States was thoroughlv can 
v:ussed for subscribers of the work and a large 
immber were obtained. The book contained nearly 



200 pages, more than one half the space being de- 
voted to an unreliable history of the art of writing. 
The literary style was excellent, however. The price 
of the book was $10, and as 1.215 subscribers were se- 
cured the first edition produced $12,150. In 1816 
Dean published "Dean's Large Test Words," and 
"An Alphabetical Set of Text Words," twelve 
plates each. The writing is very large, heavy, 
round and slanting. 

" An Analytical Guide to the Art of Penman- 
ship," by Enoch Noyes, was published in Boston in 
1821. There is a preface, directions, observations, 
instructions, etc., followed by some plates of a very 
prett.v round hand and a not so pretty running 
hand, German, Old English and Roman alphabets. 
The price was 38 cents. 


Canajoharie, N. Y., .Tan. 2H.— A conference between W. 
.T. Arkell and the leading artists of Judije occasioned by 
the death of Bernhard tTJUam, the famous cartoon artist, 
was held last night and the future aiTangeraeut of the 
publication planned. Mr. Arkell to-night said : 

■• You can say that the policy of Gillam in connection 
with Jiidije will be followed as near as possible, and the 
artists of his own selection will cari-y on the work. His 
cartoon ai>sistants who have been scattered will be 
brought to the home oCBce. They are : Grant B. Hamil- 
ton, from Youugstown. O. ; Eugene Zimmerman, from 
Horse Heads, N. Y., and Fred Victor GiUam, from , Spring, 
lield. L. I. It might be interesting to know that Gillam 
received a salary of $45,1101) per year and a percentage of 
the profits of the paper. I have decided to divide this 
equally among the staff artists who have been with the 
paper ten years. Mr. Gillam willed all his property to his 
wife. His estate is valued at •*2.50,ono." 

' The Fountain Pen Fight. 

The fountain pen controversy seems to be getting a little 
warm; at any rate, rumor has it that thert are going to 
be some great surprises in the trade when the United 
States courts open the latter part of this week. It may 
be that the American News Company will find themselves 
defendants in a patent suit. If they do it will be a furious 
fight and to a The reports through the West that 
Mabie, Todd & Bard had been beaten in a suit by Paul E. 
Wirt does not seem to be a fact, as the matter was settled 
out of court and the suit withdrawn. The further report 
that Mabie, Todd & Bard were to pay a royalty of j:j per 
dozen for all pens sold by them does not seem to be sus- 
tained by interviews. There is no doubt but what on 
paper, at least, Mr. Wirt was to receive a royalty of not than ti per dozen; how much he actually "does receive 
nobody knows except the parties to the settlement: it is 
believed, however, to be nothing. It is certainly to lie 
hoped that this fountain pen patent business will be fought 
to a finish at an early dat«, and that there will be a cessa- 
tion of letters to the retail trade warning them to buy 
nothing but pens protected by patents that have been 
sustained by the courts. If the patents owned by Mr 
Wirt are not valid there are likely to be suits for damages ■ 
if, however, they are sustained and a patent on capillary 
attraction can be defended and sustained by the courts 
then the entire fountain pen business, as far as is known 
to-day. will be controlled by the Stone and Wirt patents 

There are two or three manufacturers of fountain pens 
who claim that their pens are fed by mechanical action 
and they have opinions of eminent counsel that such 
patents are valid and do not infringe on any one's rights 
It is very evident that something has got to lie done, and 
done quickly, in order to hold the manufacturers who 
signed as a part of their contract an agreement to handle 

nothing but Wirt's pens. Mr. Wirt has to fulfill his side 
of the contract and shut up people who are putting pens 
on the market at from t(5 a dozen up. The <iuicker the 
controversy is settled the better, and may the right win.— 
deyei's Stationer. 

Bank of England Forgeries. 

There are very few forgeries now, but one hundred 
years ago they were rife. The first recorded instance of 
the forgery of a Bank of England note has a singular touch 
of romance about it. The forger was a linen-draper at 
Stafford, named Vaughan, who, in the year 1758, employed 
several workmen to engrave diflerent parts of a €20 note, 
and when a dozen had been printed off he deposited them 
ivith a young lady to whom he was engaged to be married 
osaproof of his wealth; but the imposition was discovered, 
and Vaughan was hanged. One of the cleverest imitations 
of a b.^nk-note was the work of a poor schoolmaster, who 
forged an entire note with pen and ink, and, sad to say, 
was hanged. John Mathieson, who was convicted of 
forging the water-mark, offered to show the directors how 
it was done if he was pardoned, but they would not 
withdraw the prosecution. Singularly enough, forgeries 
first begiin to be frequent soon after the introduction of 
the fit note, and in April, 1802. Mr. Addington told the 
House of Commons that the forgeries hod increased so 
alarmingly that seventy extra clerks were required at the 
bank merely to detect them.— A'(cniit( Magazine. 

Devilish Bad Handwriting. 

One of the most important things for boys or girls to do 
is to write jilainly, so that those who have to read what 
they write are left in no doubt as to their meaning. .Sev- 
eral amusing stories of the embarrassment which has fol- 
lowed not learning to write legibly are told. One of these 
is of a Ma-ssachusetts clergyman who nearly got himself 
into a peck of trouble because of the bad quality of his 
handwriting. It was more than a century ago that this 
clergyman had occosion to address a letter to the general 
court of Massachusetts upon some subject of great inter- 
est at that time. When the letter was received the court 
ordered the clerk to read it, and were filled with wrath 
at what appeared to be these words in opening : 

• ' I address you not as magistrates hut as Indian devils. ' ' 

" What !" they cried. " Read that over again. How 
does he us 'f " 

" Not OS magistrates but as Indian devils," repeated the 
clerk. " That's what he says." 

The letter was passed around, and the judges were by 
no means pleased to see that the clerk had apparently 
made no mistake. Vei-y angry at what they believed to 
be an insult, the judges pa.ssed a vote of censure upon the 
clergyman, and wrote to him demanding an apology. He 
came before them in person, when it turned out that 
where the judges had read Indian devils he had written 
individuals— which, of course, made an apology unneces- 
sary ; but the reverend ge&tleman was admonished to 
improve his handwriting if he wished to keep out of 
trouble. — llarjiers Yuuntj I'cojile. 


To our good friends James Bruce of Sydney, 
Walter Geo. Edmunds of Launceton, and to the 
government officials of Brisbane we are indebted 
for a large collection of copy-lxioks. exercise books 
and specimens of writing from pupils, business men 
and government officials of Australia. 

In another colmnn we present a portrait of Mr. 
Bruce— who. by the way, is one of Australia's lead- 
ing penmen, teachers and copy-book authors— and 
also a specimen of his blackboard work. 

As will be seen by an examination of the speci 
mens presented in this issue, and comparison with 


those presented in the September, 1895. Journal 
from England and Scotland, the Australian writing 
is practically the English style. The same atten- 
tion being given to form and roundness, and the 
same lack of attention to speed and movement. Mr. 
Brace's copy-books, sample line of which was shown 
in September JoCRSAi.. do not claim to be abso- 
lutely accurate ; they claim to !» photo gravore 
reproductions from the original pen written copies. 

Several exercise btxjks comprising a total of sev- 
eral hundred pages of students' work of the ages of 
twelve to fifteen in the collection are models of 
neatness and accuracy, and are in every way most 
i«lmiral)le. The work indicates the lack of training 
in movement and speed, and for that reason would 
not be cla.ssed as model business writing in America. 

Some of the work submitted from students of 
twelve to fifteen years of age in the girls' schools in 
Ipswich and Brisbane contains samples of lettering, 
drawing and writing that are decidedly creditable. 

Among the samples of writing received from busi- 
ness men and government officials in Bn-l';i(ii' \\<' 

jBB^^^^^&iman^ QyfiC Cl^uvuiG> 

~^ra u-iii^ m a de. by 

find all styles of writing and all slopes. A few rep 
rosenttttive samples are shown in another column. 


A MeHnnicp on n T<iollii>li'k-<t"<'<'i' Adilri'ss. 

The Postal Museum of Doebling, near Vienna, hns lately 
received a curious object in the shape of a tooothpick. 
The address is written on oue side and the stamp pasted 
on the other. The back of the stamp had l)eeu used to 
convoy part of the message. 

Another specimen was placed in the collection, which 

■^^""""(l made bv 

A Chimpanzee That Writes and Draws. 

Before several persons in the Arsenal, in Central 
Park, recently, Johanna, the big cliimpanzee of 
Central Park, gave an exliibition of drawing and 
letter writin^f. The entertainment was imder the 
(lire.:tion uf Keeper McKay and Assistant Director 
(feorge R. Burns, says the New York.S'/n(. Johanna 
eclipsed her last performance by writing a letter 
and drawing a picture of herself according to her 
own opinion. The keeper gave her a cardboard upon 
which Mr. McKay had drawn her picture and 
Johanna pictured herself from it in a novel artistic 

She handled her pencil like an experienced 
draughtswoman. The picture and the letter which 
she wrote were passed about among those present 
and created a great deal of amusement. McKay 
has them in hia office and says be will keep them. 

Jolianna seemed to enjoy the entertainment quite 
as much as those who witnessed it. She got a half 
dozen eggs in reward for her good work. 



"jOURVAL '■) 



(9) ' 

consists of puzzles given the postiU clerks. A pastal card 
W118 mailed, nppar«ut]y without address, tipou closer 
examiimtiou it was found that the address had Iwen i>er- 
forated with most minute holes right on the stamp of the 
piistaJ card on the baud surrouudiug the hem! of the Em- 
l>eror. It wiw duly delivered tii the address, luul the car- 
rier requested and reci'ived it for the Postal Museum. 

The Able Editor. 

The villtt(te wag thouubt he would have some fun with the 
miUlmannert'il young man who had recently taken charge of 
the countv iwiwr. 

" I say." he said, coroincinto the office excitedly. ■ there's a 
man on the fltr»H>t looking for you with a cluh." 

The youuR e«litor looked up )>lea.<^ntly. 

" ' *'"' ' «|nired. " Wo make special reductions 

I* subscribers has he got > 


ship department of the Northern 111. Nor. School. A very 
pleasant day was spent in visiting the school, attending the 
general exercises, witnessing class work. etc. Mr. Kelchner 
has a sp.^oial panm^nship department of about forty stu- 
dents, and the walls are covered with hundreds of fine spooi 
mens of the teachers' and students' work. Large and enthu 
siastic classes were found in the penmanship and comme 
hranches, the two lines of work of principal interest to 
Journal man. Mr. Kelchner is peraonaliv popular and 
cessful. Our old friend, W. F. StronK. formerly of the West 
ern Nor. Coll.. Shenandoah. la., has charge of the music a 
Dison. and is th ; same jolly, genial individual that he wa: 
when he used to direct the music at Shenandoah. We spen 
a pleasant hour with Mr. and Mrs. Strong in their cosy home 
Messrs. Rearick and Dille have a very successful school with 
bright prospects for the future. 

We visited the Steinmann Inst, in Dixon, but the school 
was not in session. Mr. Stemmann has a beautiful new 

building, charmingly located on Rock River. He is doing 
Momij bright advertising, and undoubtedly will have a large 

We spent a few hours with H. B. Lehman, supt. of the pen- 
manship department of the North Ind. Nor. School. Val- 
paraiso. Ind.. and found him busy handling some very large 
classes in writing. Mr. Lohmin is doing excellent work. 

Not for Twenty Years, 

if ever, will you get such another chance to procure fine 
cuts (all branches of penmanship represented) and back 
numbers of The Journal ccmtaining beautiful penman- 
ship specimens, as is offered by our advertisement in an- 
other part of this paper. You'll have to be quick or it 
will be too late. 

Teacher : " Can any one explain how the world is divided " 
Willie (with very important air): "Between them that's 
got it and them that would like to have it."— From the Har- 
per's Bound Tabli'. 

Two Days at Dixon and Valparaiso. 

During a recent Western trip of a Journal representa- 
tive he stopped off at Dixon, 111., and Valparaiso. Ind.. to visit 
the two big normal schools in these towns. At Dixon he was 
met at the train by L. M. Kelchner. the head of the penman- 

•'xartly the linnlr-rxrFpt that the Nrwn Edition 
has four extra l>au:e8 devotod to !Vown and ITIIhccI- 
lany. All luntriiellon featiirpn ivlll appear In both 

'"^■^■Jt--^ ^iv^^^^ ^-^.rt-t^^^ 






_»cb tniwrtlon. _ _.. 

rurnlflhcd on application 

<!a«b tniwrtlon. DIncnuntn for term and space. Special 

per nonpareil line, $2.50 per Inch. 
. .jmi and space. Special estimates 
advertisement taken for less tban $3. 

Ilondrodii ofbpnntilul nnd uncful bookft are lisiefl In 
Mtir new book nnd premium rntnioitne. with coinbinnliou 
nitcn III ronnertlon with "Journal" HUbHcriplioiii'. both 
tiftv nnd rcnen-nlH. AluKle nnd inclubn. AHweiriTClhe 
-iibNcrlberbenrfil ofthf InrseM wlioU'Male reduction on 
ilio bookM In connection with tbe eombinntion oiler, it 
freiiuenlly happenn that he Im enabled to obtain book 
nnd paper at conHlderably Ichh than the book alone 
would rottt of any dealer. If will pay any inlelliireni 
pernon to nend a iwo-ceni Htaiup for thiH culnloKue. 
niany valanble msireHllonit for preiients. 

Editorial Comment. 

If you eee it in The Journal— you'll see it else- 
where — Later. 

Scarcity of Comtnerrtal Teactiers. 

We have never known good commercial teachers 
to be so scarce as they are right now. Several good 
places have gone begging because the right man could 
not be found, and an unlimited number of medium 
and low salaried positions have remained unfilled. 
It looks as if times were getting better and these 
additional teachers were needed as an e-stra supply 
in old schools and of the faculties of tbe new 
schools springing up all over the country. 

great waste of literarj- and classical education to put it 
in a bosiness teacher who therefore charges more for his 
extra dignity. —Experience. 

The above comes from the proprietor of a large 
business college in a leading Central West city. He 
19 a man of considerable experience, good business 
judgment, and he has had experience with teachers 
at both prices named above. In our judgment there 
can't be much difference of opinion about this ques- 
tion. One good teacher at $80 a month is worth 
half a dozen at $40. No commercial teacher is worth 
$40. He is worth more than that or he isn't worth 
having around. 

A Journal subscriber sends us a letter written 
to him by a business college in one of our largest 
cities. In it the following offer is made: 

We need a young man to teach Bookkeeping and Pen- 
manship. He must be a good penman— able to execute 
crnamental work. There is opportunity here in the line 
of engrossing and card writing. The salary would be *35 
per month and half the net proceeds from ornamental 

In the letter inclosing this munificent offer our 
friend asks; " Do you think if they owned the moon 
they would want the devil to watch it ? " 

There are all kinds of people in the world. Ditto 
teachers and schools. In this way all can find their 
proper level eventually, and $40 teachers will natur- 
ally gravitate toward $40 schools. 


He Doesn't Know ! ! I 

M/ivtttfr Two InttiJlcirnt Trfirhrrs at J-'or 
Art- Jtt'ttir Than One at IJif/hty. 

Editor Pknman's Art Journal: 

I don't know whether two indifferent teachers at forty 
dollars are better in a large school room than one " high- 
Jlycr " at eighty. Do you ? It seems sometimes to be a 

The Business College Outlook. 

The Journal has recently quite thoroughly and 
carefully looked up the present attendance and prob- 
able future attendance of business colleges and pri- 
vate schools in both the United States and Canada. 
Letters were addressed to all the schools asking for 
information in regard to how the new year had 
opened up and what the prospects were for 1896. A 
very large number of replies have been received from 
representative schools, so that we are in position to 
give something of an official resu7ni' of the situation. 

The general average of the replies received from 
schools in the extreme Eastern United States shows 
that commercial and private schools are more pros- 


perous this year than ever before. A few have about 
the same attendance as formerly, but the majority 
have the largest attendance ever recorded. All 
report the outlook as encouraging. 

In the Central States and Central Western States 
the reports vary somewhat, owing to the crop con- 
ditions and financial depression: but the general 
average reply is that business is better this school 
year than it was at the same period in 18(14 and 
ISH.i, but not equal yet to what it was before the 
financial depression and crop failures. 

From the Northwestern States we get the poorest 
report we have received from any section. Here the 
financial depression has been felt worse, and here, too, 
for the past two or three yeai-s the crop failures have 
played havoc with business in general. As a result 
the business colleges have suffered materially. Quite 
a large number of private schools in this section 
have closed and most of the schools are not more 
than barely paying expenses. Some of the strong 
schools are doing fairly well and have no reason to 
complain, but the present situation is not bright and 
there is nothing better in sight until the 1896 crops 
are harvested. 

The Southern States report a fairly good average 
business, with slight increase in attendance over last 
year. The financial depression did not hit these 
States so severely, and their principal trouble has 
been overproduction of crops rather than a failure. 

Eighteen hundred and ninety-five was a very hard 
year on business colleges on tbe Pacific coast, and so 
far in this school year matters have not improved 
very materially, although the outlook is better for 

Our neighbors across the border in Canada are 
plodding along in the same old way with slight in- 
crease in attendance. The financial depression 
experienced in the United States pulled iip rather 
short at that mythical thing known as *' the line," 
consequently matters have been somewhat easier for 
Canadian schools. 

Surveying the six groups of reports we would say 
that the schools' business is fully 25 per cent, better 
this year than it was last year and the outlook is 
bright for 1896, 



Slick Abe.—" There are Others.' 

Another Napolerm of Finance in the Business College 
line iH Cbarleu M. Abrahamson. late of Trenton, N. J. 
Sundry cre<Iitor«* are lamenting the illustrious Mr. Abra- 
hatnsffD to the tune of thoofuinds of dollars. An insight 
into hifl genius may be had from a simi)le iuRtance. Feel- 
ing in need of a certain something a short time since, Mr. 
Abrahamson cheerfully forwarded an order accompanied 
by a check, behind which were no fands. Of course 
the paper was dishonored. Upon being apprised of the 
fact« this exceedingly " slick " citizen (who hju} not at 
that time received what the check was sent to procure) 
waxed indignant and demanded that the check be re- 
turned t*) the iMink at once. Net result — protest fees 
added to the amount of the original swindle. 

Slick Abe, unfortunately, does not monopolize all the 
talent in the Napoleonic line. The exploits of sev- 
eral other illustrious ones of the 8«me kidney are cry- 
ing to l>e told. A particularly picturesque sort of swindle 
by means of a C.O.D. package will furnish material for 
another chapter. 

Several friends of The Jdiusal have written recently 
to give information that the old ■• fakeschool-and-swindle- 
citizens dodge " is being workiKl again in more than one 
section. The Joikxai, is under the nei-.es8ity of proceed- 
ing with extreme caution in such casca, first to prevent 
possible injustice arising from misinformation, and 
second, because it is difficult to get facts properly authen- 
ticated. " Don't use my nome," is the usual request— 
and, of course, that kills the whole thing so far as that 
iuformant is concernwi. All we care to say now is that 
The JouiixAL'.s microscope is trained on several specimens 
who will not be without a certain sort of interest when 
they get on the slide under the eye of the profession aud 
the public. 


And Thinks Tlie Jo 


llvothur nrowH^g IntereHtlnff Letter. 
Mil. W. J. Kinsley, 

ManuKiUK Editor Penman's Aiit journal, 
Ni)i» York City. 

My Dour Kir and Krinnd:-! am specially pleased with your 
Jiin, numljpr Just rerolvcd and carefully read throueUout 
-The AllT .lotiKNAl, Is cortainlv a groat publication of its 
cliuis and Is improvlnu very noticeably from year to year 

\ our report of the Chicago meeting is In every way admir- 
iililo. I do not see how you could improve it very much The 
tact that it is so brief and at the same time so comprehen- 
slve, clear and pointed, makes it, to my mind, almost an 
idofti report. 

Under the heading " Writing of the World," you have not 
presented anything of greater intcreiit, to me, thon the con- 
trilmtions from Japan, found in this number. As to the 
.nor ts of heir " native " writing. 1 can say nothing, but cor- 
U..V their English script carries off the palm in your ex- 
hlbits made so far. But this follows the EngUsh, rather 
than the American, stylo of writing. 

I never have been entirely satisfled with the" business 
writing so far presented from Americons. It must have 
buen the shane in which the specimens were writtun ,iirt 
presented, the circumstances under which they were w"t 
teu or some other elloctivo cause that rendered them, in my 

mndwriH,,''"?' " """"^ " «°"»'«<'"»-y standard of the 
niiniiwritiii^ of our own eouutrymen 

from i'Z!^l '/•""."*.'?»' P^^'ioK ""It a dozen words 
from a dozen or twenty different writers, you had presented 

„ II f T ."" '"■ ""'•"" '""'"'"'*' >"">«'■ '-omplete from a 
> w selec vd writers you would have given us a much better 
,w "'';''"," "•■"•"-'"-J.hnslness writing is. The point I 

rTinr,'™"'''"™'' "'""'■ """ ■"""es the English 
writing of the Japanese f tudents show up so well 

I wish it were possible for you to present a brief series of 
complete business letters from commercial students of thu 
country and also from a very few of the Sist bus™ ess <4i t 


business writng of our own coi.nfr^r -riT^ '"™'""^'"^<' 
snixinatn.n» ,„^ . i ■ """ /""ntry. The specimens, it 
seems to me, were too brief and frogmentary-and nresentod 
a scrappy aud "jumbled up "appearance. "" P'-'^'^^tea 

Very truly yours, 

O. W. BuoWN. 
When The Jour.val decide,! to present a .series of or- 
ticlc- on, and esampUvs of, •■ Business Writing from Busi- 
ne-ss ( Bices,' we plannd the matter in a wav t^at we 

Ltlt'itXt' 1r '^tT""-^ "l ^'«"- ^u"^- 
r«^ T , "'''""®'' '*™"'' ''0P«'«"tative busi. 

n<»«s : Telegmphy, express, insurance, wholesale grocery 
.md dry gixKls, bank^ lawj-ers, etc. Next a XS 

ml iTu' ""' "'■''• "^ '" these various liSwi 
mnilo. A letter was sent to the manager of each, renuest- 

wfitrrn'tt m "' Ti"' "'"'""^ ^«'-S ""'"''it 
« r ters in the ofhce. The siH>cimens received were care- 
fully exammeil and fair, average examples selected for 
r,.p«»luction. «-e thought, and still tWnk, a SwUnls 
fixim eac^ writer. ,vith a large number of writei maiTe 
a more represcmtative and in every way a better showing 
than o have given the s,«ce oc-cnpied by ten or more ^l 
en, to two. In regard to pubUshing whole busiuess lettere 
from iienmen imd students. The JotR.x al's colu^^S 

crowded with matter in all ot its special lines and so many 
more acceptable articles and sjiecimeus are on file aw.iit- 
ing their turn, that we feel in justice to all concerned — 
writers and suljscribers -that we should limit each con- 
tributor to as small a space as will give him a fair repre- 

In order to act on the commei'cial student (or amateur) 
letter specimen idea, -we have decided to inaugurate a 
prize competition, particnlars of which are given else- 
where in this issue. EonoR. 

Afro-Americans Want a Chance " To Show 
Their Hands" in The Journal. 

.1 riva from a Promint-nl Colored Man 

Editor Pe.vman's Art Jour.val: 

1 am alwa.vs pleased when your journal comes. The 
prospectus of contents for 1896 is certainly admirable and 
if time permit I shall try to get all the good 1 can from 
the feast. Bat why not let the Afro-American penmen 
have an opportunity in your columns ot an illustrative 
showing down ot their hands ? There are many Afro- 
Americans who do very handsome work along this line. 
A» a rule, they are excluded from American commercial 
schools and hence, and perhaps, know not of your jour- 
nal. No more certain way of gaining their notice and 
subscfiption is there tlian by showing a tew of their 
names in script-print. X am satisfled that your readers, 
too would be delighted. 

Singularly, and yet, to me not singularly, the Negro 
Building at Atlanta attracted extraordinary attention. I 
have failed to read an article on this great exposition 
which did not enlarge upon the Negro exhibit. That is 
not all he can do. Can you grant him a chance in your 
columns ';■ 

I heartily wish you and your spicy and iustructive jour- 
nal a most Happy New Year. 

Yours trul.y, 

Herbert A. Clark, 
Sup't Alcorn A. & M. Coll., Rodney, Miss. 

The Journal knows no sex, creed or race. We 
are always glad to get up-to-tlie-mark examples of 
pen work, etc . from' anyone. We don't know the 
race ot the people of whom we print specimens of 
work, and it no samples ot work from our colored 
brethren have been printed it has been because we 
have received none or because they were not up to 
the standard .set by The Journal. 

Let our Afro-American friends remember that 
when it comes to talent for The Journal's col- 
umns the editor is color blind. — Editor. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

A Complete Manual OF Pitman System of Phonogra- 
phy, arranged in progressive lessons for class and self 
instruction, by Norman P. Heffley, Prin. Heffley School 
of Commerce, BrookJj-n, N. Y. Cloth, 128 pages. 
Published by American Book Company, New York, 
Cincinnati, Chicago. 
This book is founded on the Isaac Pitman system and 
has been prepared with a view to adapting the study of 
stenography for home use and class instruction. For 
many years Mr. HefRey was director of the Department of 
Commerce and teacher in charge of Shorthand Depart- 
ment in Pratt Institute, Brooklyn. Some of the strong 

points of this book are that it dispenses with most of the 
rules and the confusing arrangement of priuciples and en- 
deavors to make the acquisition of Plionography easy. 
The corresponding and reporting styles have been blended 
in a natuTdV and orderly method. ' Notwithstanding the 
small number of pages occuoied by the work it contains u 
complete expo-iitiou of all tue principles, wortl signs and 
contractions that are re:iuisite for tlio most difficult re- 
porting ca'ies. In tais little volume Mr. Hofflev has con- 
densed the result of twenty years' ]jmitice and tenchinK 
of shorthand. It is a work that will undoubtedly meet 
with a large sale. 

Banking, SECL-RirrEs, Transportation, Insirance 
AND FoHEiGN Trade.— A text book for schools and 
colleges by Seymour Eaton, Drexel Institute, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. Cloth, 20S pages. Published by P. W. 
Ziegler & Co., Philadelphia. 
Seymour Eaton has issued many boobs of use to the 
student in the line of practical education and has achieved 
a great reputation in this line. He is now at the head of 
the Business Department of Drexel Institute, Philadel- 
phia, aud this book has been specially prepared for his 
own classes in this school. It shows "a thorouph know- 
ledge of the mechanism of business and is put in a clear 
and simple way that cannot fail to give to those who 
study it a better insight into the mysteries of trade than 
can be gotten by months of mere mechanical and routine 
work in a counting house or behind a The work is 
printed in throe colors and contains scores of half-tone and 
photo-engraved cuts showing dozens of styles of papers 
and documents coming withm the scope of the work. It 
contains just the kind of information that every com- 
mercial teacher, student, and, for that matter, businesa 
man should know. 

Practical Child Study.- For Teachers and Parents, by 
A. D. Cromwell, Instructor of English and Psychology, 
Tobiu College. Ft. Dodge, la. Cloth, 133 pages. Pub. 
by W. M. Welch & Co., Chicago, 111. 
It isn't often that a penman branches out into the field 
of child study. Child s'.udy is absorbing much of the at- 
tention of educators at present, and Mr. Cromwell has 
produced work that cannot fail to be of benefit to all hav- 
ing anything to do with the training of children. The 
work has evidently been prepared after a great amount 
of reading and study, and will, no doubt, add much to a 
knowledge in this important branch of eduaition. 

The EDITOR'S Scrap-book. 

and Amateur— i 
in. A well r 
writing, floui 
the library of 

Kot 1 



'ill be aston- 

i collection. 

and how much benefit you will 
for publication in the " Pon- 
"*■ no charge and you 

kind and make a start 
ished to see how it will u 

get from it. Send in yoi 

men's ExchauRe Department. __ __ __ _. „ 

are under no further obligation than to send specimens .- 
es<hani;« for those you receive from other members of this 
department. Now names for this list are as follows : 

L. E. Jarl. Galesburg. 111. ' 

^^ ^^^^^^"^""^^ ^^^ ^a"^"^ 



D. M. Klmmel. T>lc O. 

Bsniaon S. Load, P. O. Box S, Boston. Haas. 

J. J. Corkrnl. BAveniift, Tex. 

8. C. M7?n. nedm eity. Mo. 

~ A Christmas and Now Ycftr'9 (creetinK in a style that 
Hhowft hin hand boj^ not lofit its cunninir. hfcs been received 
from H. W. Flif kinger, Philadelphia. The writing is simply 
itui>»rb, Th'.-re is but one Flickinger. 

— A variety of pen work, inciudinir handsomely written 
and floarished cards, ornamental writing, several flourished 
designs, etc . have been received from L. C McCann. Evans- 
lille. Ind. The work is almost excellent. 

— Bujiiness and ornamental writing, etc.. have been re- 
ceived from J. W. Hazlett. Mulberry. Ind. All good; busi- 
ness writing splendid. 

— Various styles of writing, inclndini 
mental and hidy's hand, have Ijeen receivei 
mel. Yale. O. He is a line writer. 

Some ornamental writing and card specimens in his 
came from A. R. Merrill. Saco, Me. 

ritlng comes from C. M Hoose, 

i from D. M. Kii 

usual elegant style 

— Splendid busii „ __ . 

teacher of penmanship in Palmer's College. Philadelphia. 

— Just t^> show that he can spread the ink on nicely.^ J. F^ 

There Is vim and dash in all his work. 

— A nicely flourished design and excellent writing comes 
from C. R. Hunnells, Chicago. 

-Miss Mabel Rodgers. Hartiand. Vt.. sends a tasty little 
Christrans greeting. 

— W. S, Chamlwrlaln. jicnman of Eaton & Burnett's B. C. 

H.- is a line pen 

- Plain and ornamental writing, signatures, etc.. have 
Is-eii received from W. S. Ashby. penman of the S. I. Nor- 
mal College. Mitchell, Ind. He is a good writer. 

--A. J. Willjard sends specimens of pla 

'"'*'"'* " ' ' '" ' " ■ K'ould indi 

— A handsome set of business capitals have been received 
from E. A. Banks. Bradford, Pa. 

~ Home very da.Hhy professional writing and excellent 
business writing has been received from J. B. Mack, Nashua, 

— A variety of plain and ornamental writing, flourishing, 
etc.. has been received from J. D. Valentine, .Jr., Bellefonte. 
Pa. He is improving rapidly. 

— J. E. Thornton, Carrollton. Oa., is a flne writer, if we 
may judge by specimens of plain and ornamental work lately 
submitted to us. 

— Samples of ornamental writing was received from A. B. 
Cunnnighnra, pupil of D. B. Anderson, Highland Park N. C. 
Lies Moines. In., show that Mr. Anderson has him on the 
right track. 

— J. B. Bnmn. Grand Junction, Col., has a good start to- 
ward a iirofesslonal hand. 

— Ham])les of plain and ornamental writing, card speci- 
mens etc., received from C. W. Jones, Brockton, Mass., show 
mat he Is capable of turning out flrst-class work. 

„ 1, Handsomely written cards hare been received from the 
f;)llowlng persons: J. D, Valentino, Jr., Bellefonte, Pa.: J. 
fc. Beadles, Canton, Mo.: A. P. Wyand, Hagerstown, Md.; 
A, D. ( romwell. Fort Dodge, la,; N. C. Brewster, Elmii-a, 

— J. M. Kornohan, n pupil of C. A, Braniger, Stanbury, 
Mo., Normal bchool, sent some flrst-class business writing. 

— J. C. Olsen of the Chamberlain C. C, Lincoln, Neb., sends 
« graceful flourish. 

— Excellent ornamental writing has been received from the 
following persons: Eug. P. Sawyer, West Union, la.; A. U. 
Davenport, Dover, N J., B. C; B. Mamix. Rider B. C, Tren- 
An^d'- .1 Hoacock, Butler, Pa.; J. H. Smith, Sullivan 

. ."^"fS"," P ' ' Atlanta, Ga.: August Fischer, 30 S. Broad 
street. Pliil,ulel|,hia. Pa.: A. M. Grimes. Cop. Citv B. C. 
uttnn-n iini f ]? Rust, Brandon. Vt , r, W Runs.mi 

r.^*''''' ~ "1 Sharon, Pa.: F. K .I;n kv,,nM;nil">( n 

S*"^' ' II II' in Baxter Springs, Krni^ , .\ w Dukiti 
^!,' ' ^ ^ Fuller, Boothbttv lluil...i-. .M,. . \V .1 
■^"•'.1' ' " II ' Toronto. Ont.: Henrv L> -\lliv.u. Dub 
U",, \, ' 'luier, Aydeiotto's B, ('., Oakland. Col,: 

^^ ing we have received model business 
""I ' II 'i l.ittlo R„(k. Ark : Miss Lizzie J. Dis- 

V'Vi' ; ^' ; ',l-'"v, o-r ,i F-,.Kt,,n. Pcrry Bus. 

5,"J, !■, ;^ ,;:,. ^,,,.,,1.. ,,..,. s- Mail. 'liester, Ind.: 

,„,.',, ' .1' I' ' III I .1 Heocock.But- 

H ;. |, . ' I '> ; ' ;■' l: . :.. ,v hbliiiiuipoiis. Ind.: 

ij„t. , ,' .V" i' ", '" ' ' \\ ''liver, Dubuque, la.: 

I., 't i- ;. ','"'''i ■■-J>''">K"''ld. 11: W. J. Martin, LeMars, 
A«J, ;V '-"'e'"'''''' I>es Moines, la.: Jos. A. Shanley, No. 1 
l iorks Court. Lawrence street, Lowell, Mass. 

Stitdciit'g Specimenti, 

.1.7. uI,l'"!''St''''^,l>', '"'"■'''''<''' f''°'" Q ^V Harman, Univer- 
„;^.r„„ =' ^"y 0;'«">s. La., a large package of students' 
»»!;??' ."Ps""', «■'>' movement ore shown in all specimens, 
and this too, without sacriflcing the form. There is a clear' 
noss of line and a flrmness of stroke that indicate suron^iss 
and decision. The package is a largo one and shows the 
ever> doy class work. Both the students and Mr Harmon 
are t j be congratulated on it. The best writer is Eugene J 
Mouverzin, and his work is goo.l enougli for anv , ne Clmelv 
following him ore John M.R,,I,b.,,k""Ja, ""'/J ■,,,,,,„'„?, 

Ernest J. Michel. Worthy of - ;.l ni. nl „.i, ,r. m! , ,i,l,.,' 

Morales, Clarence Tovlor (• c s.,,lu i;,,, r M nni l" nk 
Hart, S, Hyd.), Andre "R. Cripi..!, F, I'lu-si I,:,; M,'. .„ 

good movement nn.l speed, coupled 

with good torm throughout, indicate 

"■"* *■- "-'y has his classes on the 

rhe best writers are E. 

=;■, ,— W. M. Townsend, E, J, 

- Welsh, W. s. Mario, M. H. Schatte, 

I; Ilia Cook, J M. Hager. (lustav Groppe, 

"■ Si^ l^'^^s™. EG. Ouese. C Z Lymh, 

bF. Hinds, Ernest Dickson, C. 

1 .< n. . Borcherding M E Crawford, A E 

James, Alma Fletcher. Heiv and there throughout the speci 

men iioges are pen sketches by th-" -'■•-* «.,.....■ 

1 lliirHne'isby E. XeoRenno' 
- Some saperlati 

students. The best work 

.ional Bus, ._,...., i™, vii., 
,. exercises that appeared iu 
good as it is iKtssible to make 
A'il","%i,"'.tl'y"*'"' 'iv**^™* i." "* Among the best submitted 
F R S^.'k'"" Th'^oj Keeting, H F. Digby John Moritz, 
Smith MacInt>'Te, Charles Dombey, D, M, 

-From A B Forner, Pairfleld, NY, we have received 
several specimen sheets of students' wort showing" 

styles of movement exercises, all of which are excellently 
done. Among the best are Nellie Allen, Ethel L'Estrange, 
John Doyle, H. C. Friend. B. W. Evans. Arthur D. Ackley, 
A. W, Holbrook, R. J, Gasivvey. Guy E, Washburn. 

— We were lately called upon to examine specimens of 
writing of several students of F. J. Heacock, Butler, Pa.. 
Bus. Coll.. who took part in a prize competition. Some very 
fine samples of business writing were submitted and the im- 
provement made within a short time wosftnost marked. "The 
best specimen of writing was by Albert B. Gohogan. the sec- 
ond liest by Edith Younkins: the most improvement was 
made by A. A. Schench. the second greatest improvement by 
Andrew Stuart. Students, school and Mr. Heacock hove 
every reason to be proud of the showing made. 

— H. Domerhue. Newark. N. J., submits a sample of busi. 
s writing that is good. "-^ -• ■ •-■ 

^trol. A systematic pri 

will bring him up all right. 

— John F. Siple, penman, Bartlett Com. Coll.. Cincinnati, 
O., submits several practice sheets from his students, show- 
ing the result of muscular movement drills, moinly in the 
line of oval exercises. Most of these students hove "had but 
from six to ten lessons, and the control they hove secured iu 
that time is marvelous. Among the best writers ore Lillie 
Schmidt. J. B. Geysbeek. Frank Baker. Ralph E. Louisbury. 
Henry Ronshein, Amie Sengstak. 

— H. S, Miller, Grand Island, Neb., Business College, is 
doing good work in his penmanship classes, "This is shown 
by the package of practice .sheets of his students that we 


Johnson, E. E. Holcomb. 

PiiblU School Work. 

-Somples of movement exercises from the Washington. 
N J, Public School, James S. McCain, special teacher, Tiave 
lately been exomined. These specimens are from students 
\\te.~>- imes r.iiige from 13 to 1,5 years, and they show good 
m.nrin.'iit iuiil cnpd control. Among the best writers ore 
,.',"; 1 I""'";', t'jna J. Rogers, Blanche Ashtran, Je.sse R. 
( hiik I .i:i M K.ll, Mary P. Reid, Blonche Davi,s, Leslie C, 
I. -SI. onpils receive 21) minute lessons four times 

'ek ond hav 

at work but 18 months in this lii 

Some Pointers About Border Designs. 


0fW'fy HERE are borders and borders, but 
■ .'1^1 there's no border worth so much to 
'$Mt <^ ^^'^ advertiser as the border that 
'^' ^ ' I contains, in some way or other, 
a suggestion of the goods adver- 
tised. While the example given 
this month does not show the ar- 
ticle itself, the reader feels pretty 
sure that each of the ladies has a " Clingfast " im- 
bedded somewhere in ber headgear. 

This border is so constructed that it can be used 
for a poster, circular, newspaper ad. or on a postal 
card. It is also sectional and can be lengthened or 
widened to any desired size by the electrotvper. 

To the amateur pen worker who sends to TnK 
Journal the best copy of this border design before 
May 1, 1S96, I will give choice of a copy of "Ames' 
Book of Flourishes " or photo- engraved autograph 


cat. A stndy of this design is all the iustrnctiona 
needed. The design sent should be at least twice 
the size of the one showm here. Yon are not re- 
quired to confine yourself to the faces given in uiy 
design unless it is your desire. Ask your sister or 
sweetheart to put on their hat and pose while you 
sketch their features. That's all there is to it. 

XoTE. —To economize space, the printer placwi the bor- 
der desijsrn for last month in a ver\- misleading i)osition. 
The section shown is the left side oi the border, instead of 
the bottom section as it appears. 


edition, and this, too, after thev Imd i 

number of the News Edition. The 1 

the same except that the News Edition hii.- t.ui .i.l.U a jju^es 

devoted to new? and mist'ellauv. These fuur payes como in 

the middle of Thk Joitunal. and if they were torn out you 

would have the regular edition without a particle of chantfo. 

If our friends would carefully rend f 
ments and other smiilur informatiun 
cember Joi'HNAI.. U of the January Jouii.v'AL, it wovild 8 
us answering a good many questions. Clubbing rates n 

[■ clubbing announce- 
1 page S7U of the De- 

scriptions are for the c . . 

at once. At the end of the first mouth, if there is anything 

wrong with the subscription, notice should be given us at 

In our housecleaning and general rearrangement, we have 
discovered a package of 500 December. 1^9+. JouKNAi.s. Many 
of our friends have been writmg for -this numlMir and we 
notified them that we had no more of that number on hand. 
Now. however, we can supply all who wanted them at ten 
cents a copy. 

in a writing class, a feu- 
teacher, a few cents fn'm 
tb«' thintiisdone. Th.i, 
private schools of Au 

ught to bo that : 

sented "on our subscription books in the near future. 

The Journal's field is penmanship, drawing and practical 
education. We search diligently, collect carefully and sift 
to the best of our ability all information in these lines from 
month to month. We try our very best to present the cream 
of the ideas and skill of our leading teachers and penmen, 
together with the news of the profession. The JouhnalIs 
exactly what you see. We can make no promises for the 
future, except that we hope to excel our past efforts. If each 
teacher in the KiOO private schools and each supervisor in a 
like number of public schools would put a shoulder to the 
wheel and make a little personal canvass, saying a few words 
for Thk .Tcn'itNAL. we are confident that with our reduced 
subscription prices and very low clubbing rates we could 
more than double our subscription list within a few months, 
Every Journal circulated helps the cause for which The 
Journal stands just that much. We hope c 

ing the coming month 
The Journal circulatio 

t be materiallv i 

1 snecimei 

ing pen free to all who send name and address on postal t 
him. This affords a splendid opportunity to get a good 

of A. F. Newlands and H. __ _ ., _ _ 

& Co.. Boston, are about ready. Mr, Newlands has put much 
study and research in the preparation of this system, and 
from what we have seen of *^' ' . -,.^-- 

that this system will make 
put on the market. 

— The Practical Text Book Company. Cleveland, Ohio. Ment 
'" ■.'--. . ^ They report business 

' ' ■' ' -list, 

active, progressive school 
and book man. u 

— Wm, C. Finck. Elizabeth. N. J., makes all kinds of 
badges, medals, etc, for schools. He is official badge maker 
for about all big organizations in the United States using 
badges, including the Anti-Cigarette League. He has a flne 
plant and gives all orders careful attention. Write to him 
for jirif^os. 

" Actual Business from Start to Fininh," published bv thn 
Ellis Publishing Co.. Battle Creek, Mich., was the first Rich- 
mond in the field in the line of objective teaching as aiiplied 
to a<rcountH and advocating of actual business from the »tart, 
Mes.srs. Phelps. Marshall ami otb-r-. niiinacing the affairs of 
the Ellis Publishing Crmi[i:in\ an' Im-tliiit,'. energetic: 7»eople 
and hustling, energetic Lu-ni.'-- xww ;iiid they have been 
keeping things lively all -.lX-'U^ tlmt hue. The publishers 
write us that the January lni->ni< --:■' ha-- bft-n phenomenal and 
seventy-five new schools were added to their permanent list 
during the mouth. Thev publish two bright papers. Learn 
nu by Doiinj and Arfual Bughu-M. which they will ' 
this work. 

send to all interested 
- P. B S. Pet. 

ill be glad t 

J where he figures i 


He sells things so cheap that \ 
a cent of profit. 

— Owing to the two editions of The .ioursal, it was pure 
guess work in opportioning the num>>er of copies to print 
for each edition for January. The result: we printed too few 
copies of the News Edition, and some subscribers to that 
edition received the Regular Edition instead. It will be all 
adjusted beginning with the February number. 

t 'C/enmanAQTUCQ^tunaC' 



The Natural System 

The Editor of the "Penman's Art Journal" 
writes : 

" /« seiecting a man to give the first course of instruction in vertical 
■ivr it ins that ^<^ appearedin the educational Press ^ Mr. Newlands was 
chosen. We do not know any one who Has looked into the subject more 
deeply than Mr. Newlands, nor anyone who has had mare experience 
with the practical end of it. 7 here is no one in America, in our judg- 
ment, more competent to make a system o/vertical -writing books." 

January 2, i8qS- 

By A, F. NEWLANDS and R. K. ROW. 

Recognizing; the fact that much of the opposition to vertical writing has been the result of clumsy and 
imperfect attempts to imitate, in vertical writing, the copies of the ordinary slanting hand, the authors of 
the Natural System of Vertical Writing have prepared a series of books on original principles. The books 
present copies especially adapted to the vertical position, easy to make, therefore readily learned and rapidly 
executed. The style is a round and graceful hand, tending to preserve individuality in writing. 

In the lower books are a large number of small outline illustrations, thus securing the child's interest in 
the writing lesson and adding to the mechanical practice the stimulus of thought. The grading of the books 
and the form of the copies have been carefully worked out by the authors, one of whom is the pioneer vertical 
writing supervisor of .America, and the other a teacher of much experience in training and normal work. 

These books emphasize to a greater degree than any others simplicity, legibility, practicability and 
individuality in writing. 


D. C. HEATH & CO., Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicago. 



■^ Rochester Busini'ss University. Rochester 
N. Y., is the leading preparatory school for 
coiamerclfU tenehers. Those who conteniplflte 
t^nehinK the commeroiiU branches or teachers 
who wish to prepare for better positions should 
write for partk-uhirs. Beautiful cfttnloffue and 
circulars sent upon request. 



have Tried thtMii." r;ir (i,. riun . , i.T,u-iit: 

rte I'.-iiriiaii',H i;ii, 



C. M. ALLARD, Quincy, 111. 

hYeakoi' Publication. CiacuLA 
so Territory. Ubed b 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contain* Clasaiftcd Lists ami AiUIresaes for the entire 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 

Writing Paper. 



The Penman s Art Jounial for 
1896 (Twentieth Year) 

The Prnman'M Art Jo '' -' "— -•^-- « 

with mirrpM for many jr 
briiiirh orpriimnDNlilp br 

ns bjr 


al for IN9H will 

, devote it»elf to one special bobby to the exclm 

hat It has followed 

I of other iir 
portant facton* in the line of special training, of^ which it has been aa exponent for nearl; 
twenty vearw. It ih nut hidebound and does not arrogate to itself all the wisdom or talent 
in its line. It is broad I v representative of the entire profession, alert to do the greatest 
poBsible Kowl t<> all the variuu.s interests involved, and thoroughly in touch with modem 
conditions and uiethr>ds. Each of its editors and contributors will do the oarticular work 
BAsigned him according to his best judgment and ability in the way that will make it most 
helpful to tho»e whom it is designed to reach , If any one has auy better way of doing the 
same thing— whoever he maj- be or whatever his plan— he is precisely the person The 
Journal wants to know, and he will be assured of a most cordial reception. 

In a word. The Jocrsal's aim and purpose is to bring Truth to the Altar, from what- 
ever Bfiurcc, regardless of whether it shall square with our own preconceived opinion or that 
of others; to jjlace under contribution the best skill, raaturest experience and most advanced 
thought that our profession affords for the benefit of the student, the teacher, the peu artist 
the connoittseur. 

Mindful of the paramount importance of those things which touch life more closely 
on its practical side, those branches that are of the greatest use to the greatest number of 
Journal readers will have the largest share of attention. Of these, plain, rapid, modem 
Business Writing will receive more emphasis the coming year than ever before. It is be- 
lieved that no pHi>er has ever offered so thorough or so helpful a program in this line as that 
we are laying out for the c()miug vear only partially outlined below. 

// iVs itn]/thin{f (ihuut penmanship, }/ou iciflflml it in thi- /ViiHiaii's Art Journal I 


\ (oiiriir or ■.(■■•■unn In lliipKI KiiKlnci-n Wrilliiu. II}' C. C LlSTEIl— This course 
will extend tlirniiKhout the year uml eciver the Kiciund eoiiipletelv-position. movement. si)eetl. 
form. etc.. with iiiiinlreiiH of iiliixl rut tons. Air. l.iRter im 11 mmuritablv successful teacher of 

I and stuclents the benefit of his 

Tile lliiali 

.enallilc wrilinu, 1 
1 WrllliiiiTear 

d wili Kivc the teacbi 

erit' Open rourl.— Piirticiimted 

A. Kit 

L. M, 

ixIncDii College on 
ii<ie<l by llie Buolll 
.VdiillK In Foreiir 

by Pift.vof Amei'lea's 
... .and under the guidance 
th copies carcfuliy arranged 

.inerlran BuHlncns Writing. 

'DstVorld. (Illustrated). By C. 

■ :tIovenient. (Illustrated). By 

Writing. ByR. 

K"l Inslii.>« Wrillus: II. 


III Re itiuih'. (Illustrated). Bv S. B. PAllNKSTOClt. 
Writin-:. (Illustrated), lly E. H. RoniN 



to Business Capitals, 

t. (iriustrated). W. H. Beaco.m. 

ciieii mill Praetl 

Writing, from fi. E. Nettleton, C. E. W 
more teiiehei-s have been promised. 




llitit ( 


i.ititMtl ' lllKforv ni i^^v l:P\« i»-<'aralalrN 

1 ■ . V- .M i ,.(.!,- ii, M, ^ I , ,, , ., I.i.ndon. lOii 

! I ! ' - of oriKinal 

r ■ ■■; ■ .■ I j I !■! -■ . ' ■ I ■ ■! Illation has 

III mtedi. h.\' I_,AN(ii)ON .>. iHOMPsoN. formerly 
■ 1 nan Jv)uriiul ever devoted eAclusively to the 
11- will be used. 

i '. By Lanodon S. Tbompson.— Mr. ThomiJ 
MUntally newspaper illustration) to a teachable 
iiiiefl lessons. Any on< . - ^ 

and caricature work . 

-Indents. Teachers and Business Men of Different 
\ tarffe contribution of specimens, with full in- 
n. IS of Edunition of idl theprmclpal countries o( 
Mil will be eliown duriuK 'i'6. 
-, Expert Olid Sc'leiiilflc Examl nation. 

. ■ Anijh of thv Fortarm and Its Modifying Inftu- 


F. Johxson,\Vm..\. Cowie. Franks. Pi 
Bruce McKae. R. w. Crouch, Peter Sharp. E. C. Mj 
and other leading pen artists throughout the i-ountry. 

• Super 


Id Be. By .T. O. GonDON 


Ponlllon— How Senired. illlustrateii). Bv .T H 

Vertical Writing : KesiiIlK In St. Paul. Bv J. D. Bond. 

The I xe and \bii>e of the Copr-Book In Public Krhnols. Bv H. Cn. 

Special WrItIn!: I.e>iauns and General W^rltlen Work; Their Bell 

A» r 

and een 


'nial Schools. M 

ided School: How It sho 

sura In Public Schools. 

A Scries of Lessons 

ntinuatiou of .Mr. Wallace 
WrltlHK I" stale :m<i 

ntribute several articles.) 
Wrltlni: In 1 
Arm Movent 
<:apltal Letter JI 
Pl£ures. Tiieir In 
Writlns III <;i-n<l 
Uirls or B»)«; U 
Vertical Wriliii:: 
Practical Hints c 
A larjre number of s^ 

you area Journal age 

of a single letter represents fully ten 
cent, on a 50-cent transaction. 

Subscription Rates. 

TukPesman's AaT Jot'R\.\i. for l.»<SMwlIl ho published 
la twoeflltloii.i. The price of tlie regular edition will 
he .50c. a j'ear. without preniluni. This will consist of , K<ttll<jH o 
a minimum of twenty pages. The price i 
(he other edition will he «1 

.\. E. Pabsoxs. 

.. By Lanodon S. Thompson. Director of Dmw- 
« lessonsditring 'ili were a irreat success, ftnd ho 

By F. M. Wallace— A 

By J. P. Reaoan. 
llhi-riMir.n ^^. H. Peirce. 

Mi;- III I I s K .McLean. 

:. (liliistralcdi. By IlAnttY HouSTO 
■tides detiiiliiitr their e.\i»erieuce8. 

To Club Subscribers. 

rmium nffeia apply to the .Vrios 
■rfii.-K.Jii Jm- the nv'ilar eilUlon. 

A Beautiful Sticit Pin. 

■ best penmen for hundreds 

rations will be used. 

II work (mainly flourishing) 

presented omnmental. 

i'heir Comparative Illerlts for Bti 

lustrated). By S. B. Fabnestock. 

n gravers' 
of TnK 

Some Sliced tests made by a Journal 

.Irtlsl's Point of VIei 

(Illustrated) Dots for 

WrItIn-. B 

ud Coiiservatlv 

I tJ. w. Habman. 

nti !■< 

'' > '" II It. ^1" 11- ■ I . ;;-! rated). By his son. R. C. SPENCEB.— 
! . the writinK of Father Siicncer on 
' '' ^^ I'll!" I II -'- '1 work in his busy life, will be treated. 
pnoioaviieii- III!. I iiiau tiij;, made especially tor The Joi-bxal. 
•f."'*J.'"'"" i" """'"ess Schools. 6y W. J.AMOS. 
His IMncc In the Prurcsslon. By L. C. Horton. 



.Sr?*.'" *^r" '■''■lerlllB. Br J. F. BHILEV.-Thiseourse will irUe new nractleal stvlea 

su.M!Kf4-„^w?.rurwo;Ss'^-^h"e sL^s^ ^::^;^%y^^.s^^^s^!^ 
X'xSZt,^i^'^^'j.'!:i;^zf!i:t^us'^'' '-"'^- ^- *»'^ «iiis..iw'°hr-ih",yrdofe°JS'?ha^ 


* iro and do likewise." 

Clubbing. Rates. 

.,i.-. '' }\ ^^' 3 ^^Ci $1.65.4 

Agents Wanted Everywher 

Specimen Copic- 

Under no clrcumelance will any aubBCriptlon be 
entered unless ncmmpanlerl with cash. 

c instructions to the c 

lans that thU number of 
year on the Petmanent 
ntlnuetl unfit otherwise 

HE JOriiNM Im^ h.iH -1 
tured ri-cni 11 - (UN n -Ic-Il: 

■f^illv inntmfiic- 

., M l^ iir,-.r Hlll-k 


il ■! Ill — llil KOld. 

IlllKSiivyr'.in.l 'lh''' \l\ri 

|.hi [Mir ..r Vicr- 

The tioLu I'lK IsHuUtl, 
the stifk port, whloU Igih 

14 karat, except 
f>nuau silver gold 


riitsive latll enter 
•ind eend solid 

hired >'.'iM 

■ 'til ttvocople»of 
Mlilrcsses. Ifdo- 

i-I'knal for two 

yea'rsaii.i < ■■ ■■; u ■ '■! i 
f\)r 1).,. 

■ siiijs. Cor your 

Ions extended a 
Works of h 

% biudliiK. «l ; Llutlt, witf) 
til dcHlKnn, delicately printed on 

i preiiilu: 

II uend t 

ODB flub. and 10 

two HUba. (92) we will Huod 

id above for ono 

IKS lu bent clolb 

e Permanent List renei 
me way he canceled c 



It "•■ by agents a: 

. ii riiuch leftioftcn. that 

The Pi' 

d be the slightest 

may beincurtecl, „- ,- - 

lh before first of Bu»tnesi 

e li^ored we can- jmy puptr 

Instead nt 

ieio, etc, ^.la ini a «4 periodical TuE 
ibAcrlptlun will be included without extra 

Special Combination. 

»ubv;ri[i!ii.n. Receipt of the paper IssufRci 
e have tceivcd your money. If anything ( 
plainly anil it *ill t*c attended to. Don't bothei 

writiDg us direct. If you asit fur iofonnation 

.«« ""''*' todlirerentaddreiirteMlf , 

correspondence OTcr "^"^ to write and aak. ' 

V'hat wlUTiie JouBKAi. and 

coit ?" The above schedule 

.•nd along the money 

Address all letters to and make cheeks, etc., payable 
AMES & nOLLINSON COMPANY, 202 Broadway, N.Y. 




O.IAHA BUSINESS COLLEQE. corner isth and 

Farnani Omaha. Nch. ((l<l>->>t. larsefft and ttefit In 
Ih'- W*-*t. Full lm^lrn-«w. shorthand, pen art, pen- 
iiianjihlp and t«-l.-*rraph vountf*. F. V. ROOSE. 



i.ii<n«ri<-l iH/iO. BiulnpM, Shorthand. PenmanHblp, 


.y. Opf .. _.. .-, 
£ J. HEEB. Pn 

B\\y. Open nil y<'«r. 

electric IlKbl. Kan and 

I heat. Write for 

mrormalfOQ. ■ JOUKNALBUlLlJLVa.-Monuir 


apolU, Ind. Endorwd r»v «*t«t<- sijp.'rinK-ndent of 
PiiblU- InHtnifllf.n. I.-n-llrik- <-diKatorH and l»iisl 
newinn-n. Calaloifui- fr.-.-. K. K. ADMIRE. IT*-.'.. 

ess Coilese 



, Typewriting and Telegranh 
cutuloguv. San Antonio. 

TRasbviUc. Ucnn. 


I.I-t'iK rmd Rrhonl of I'enmanxhlp, Shorthand. 
Tv|ii'>vrKlnK. Toleitraphv, ete. Stinienti^ received 
frnm nil imrla of the wiirld. Send for IZO-page 



of Shorthand ond Telegraphy, 

Leading college South. Ko 


HASH AND TYl'F.WRITINd. SUinifi.rcl. ' 

l>.l>!iririir.|itN iif KnnkkecplnK. Bnnklng. Fe 

, Telegraphy. Eng 




Catalogue free. 

TOUesit Dlrglnta. 

.1. M. FRASHER. Prln 



A. n. WII.T, Prealdeni. Long estahllshed. Tbnr 

tjikf this opportunity to Ray to all read 
lit- .\iiT.IocnNAL, erpectlUB to enter a I 
it;«'. ilitit hefore attending any sehool, 

cxiiinlnatlon shouir' "- ~''~ ' "' ■ 

■. Full Informatlo 

I kno\ni Institution cuii be obtained i 

«lng J.T. HENDERSON. Hrin,, Box 222 




3u^ fal. One of the best established aii<1 ">*»' 
Buccefisful educational Instltullonp of the PactBc 
.Slope. Special Penmanship Department In charge 
of t. E. \<^BBER. H. B. WORCESTER. Fres. 

^S COLLEGE. San Fran- 
_ T( the largest privat* school west 
of Chicago. 12.(X)0 former puptU now prosperous 
bu»fDe«« men. 


CATALOOUES of The Capital City Coinmerclal 

College aniltheCapllal CItv Scliiwl of sborlhand 
will be sent free to InleaaiDg studenw. Address 
MEHAN & McCACLEY. Des Molnea, Iowa. These 
lastllutlons are flrat-claaabuslneas training schools. 




"ON'E. Frcs., IS uoi lue nr..-n. oui u. 

Will describe It because It Is HONEST. 


CENTRAL HI ^isr.^s coi, T„ 

»1. a care 
above eol 

Clivn n ^ l'M..\o.,k-\i'HlC INSTITUTE. Os- 
'' s'-ciired all ahort- 

' ' ' , ' .1 Bwik-kecping and 

i" ' ., -. i:i lit -: . 1,,,- I,. i,ii,.r, .S7«m&h taught 

by II niiivc Nmniitnl from Spain. All these 
bnuiclu-* tKVu^hi by muii. also Spantth shorthand 

by tho Graham aud Benn Pitman rv "■- 

culani andjlrsf IfMon in '*■ " 

>rthand frrt. Write 

W. O. CHAFKEE. Oswegi*. N. Y 


Ult South fith St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. CataUigues 
free on Hi>pllcailon. personally or bv letter. HE.SHY 
r. WRuifiT. T»rlncii>al. • ^ '■ nr..-«i 



. JOHN- 
SON. F. C. A", principals for 19 years. Most widely 
attended business college In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON, Belleville. Ontario, Can. 


like print because the vowels are written. Learn 
m home, 810— guaranteed. P. J. SNELL. Truro, 



IV. M.I , Is the tJldest. largest, best business col- 
[e lu the West. Thorougn Instructiou given In 
okeepliig. shorthand, tj-pewrltlng. telegraphy, 
•. CntiiloKue free. Established 181)6. J. t. 
ALDINO. A.M.. Prest. 



1 1 ri'dge Building. Denver. 
.. Pruelleal shorthand 
>RTH. President. W. A 
.tter 12-y 

"Kortb (laroUna. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL.. Charlotte, N. C. 



Sliorthnhd. Typewriting. Penmanship. Telegraphy 

Pensaeola. FlorldQ. 


xcelled. Two 

Prln. Com'l.Dept. 

Unstructton JB^e /IDail. 

Bookkeeping, office 

rail details', commercial 

ct-books. Entries to he nfade from correspondence 

spid addition) taught by mall without 

and business papers mailed to each student. Course 
thus resembles actual office work. Explanations " 
phtin, common-sense langui "... 

Write a letter for partlci 
Accountant. 215 E. 2.'td St.. : 



W. L. DICK, P.nnii) 

world. Manufactured by A. B. Cushnian. Hum 
txildt, Kansas. For sale bv iMJoksellers and sta- 
tioners all OTer the tJ. S. "and Canada. Sheet of 
sample colors, prices, etc.. for 2c, stamp, nortc 
/««■- Special prices to <]ealers. 

WRITING LESSONS BV 1\n., Pv spcvial re- 
questofmauy whf f: ■ " '■ - 

-ions In Ths Jocrs m 
limited number or i 

term, 12 lessons. a:i . m.,_;, ...-,.:.-.. , ; .. uu- i .: i- 
L. M. THORSBUTROH. O.Ur Rapltls, low;., 

D. S. HILL. 'Penman, Draughon's Bus. Coll., 

Nashville, Tenn.. beautiful flourish lO cents, caps, 
business and fancy lO cents, mail course Saw. 
cards 15 cents. All kluds of order work. 

SAVE YOUR MONEY by ordering your Auto- 
matic Shading Pens. Shading Pen Inks and Sup- 

ZTeacbers Manteb. 

ERSS* BLKkAl'. Penmanship. Commercial, 
and shorthand aud typetrrltliig branches only. It 
brings teachers and schools together. A larg« i 

« charped the t«acher ; no charge Is wade 

■ehools seeking teacher*, and 
"lug places are 
ippiy. Address 

ii'herti seeking places 


F. M. SISSON. Penman. Newport. R. I. Your 

name on 1 dozen cards, fano' and business en i>- 
Itals, business letter and a Ijeautlful souvenir, all 
for 10 2 cent stamps. 

ng and Flourishing.' Can't help but pleast' 
AaaresaJNO. F.SIPLE.ear* Bartlett's Bl's. Col. 
Cincinnati. O, 

'. S. HISER, Writinsr Supervisor Hubtl 



NAME. Send me vm 
Sr, cents, and I win 
way." of writing It, \\ 
2-cenl stamp, and 1 \ 

cards, flourishing. 

:1 circulars free. 

P. S.— No postal cards 

?-half In advance. 

TAYLOR, ualveston Bu 

R. M. JONES, Pen Artist, iSia Mary St., S. S. 

Pittsburgh. Pa. 

orted cards, 25 < 

unique specimens of pen work. 25 

ARTISTIC PENWORK.-Engrosfllng of Resolu- 

ns. Testimonials. 

pondence solicited. 

. specialty. Everv de- 
1 pen work to order. 

B L. GLICK. Bliss Business College. L( 

ut.!JOc.: Business capitals, 2UC. : Flouri o, 
. beauty, 25c.; all for 5ue. Monev i. i 
tne work is notsatlsfaetory. Oblique ImM' i i-i "i 
erly adjusted, 20e, Large stick Indlii Ink, ,"iiii-. 
Half stk-k,. Sue. 12 lessons In Ornamental Wrlflny 
or Flourishing. $5.00. Elegant coplesaud llrst-fla.sB 

ness Writing. S4.«»il. 

led courses you will 
Satisfaction guar- 



nderfiU Iniprovi 


"Mant" me. 


infjsuch sealed revliett in an envelope addremted in 
The Penman's An Journal, Sus Brnadwau. Ntu 

Situations 'CmanteD. 

. ERS' nrUEAr. I'-miKiMslilii. foiiiiM.-i 

II 1 I'T VI N »1 V \ \\ .VNTED — W«haT©rflom 

tir anntluT ^o<Mi M-rlpt penman. Wo want a 
who has growth in hini— one who Is not only 
willing to give us the benefit of what he already 
rs and can do. but Is not above profltlug by such 
hints as grow out of a business that has been estab- 
llj*hed twenty years. Only those who have faith In 
themselves and mean to make this a permaueot busl- 
need opply. Give full particulars. Including 
salary required, and enclose script spi'clnicns. 
L'W York. 


I M . I ; \ I ■ 1 1 r K - I < I one versed in Business 

' t 1 take charge of boveile- 

ii t>ppurtunlty Innuattract- 

. ,,i> I x.Mi.'ss "H. L.,^' IHU LIuden 

W A NTKD.-Two teaehera of penmanshlj) a d 
>> iionkk. . ping who have a knowledgeof com- 
int ri'iiii i.t\% >iiist have a good education otherthan 
i.iisin.,, .Mi.iitss" COLLEGE." care Penman's AtiT 


I the presidency of 


aud s|ilendld opening for right party. Addri 
BiAw's AiiT Journal Teachkus' Di;rbau, aO!J Broau- 
, New York. 

COLORA no.— Penman, commercial and short- 
cher wanted. Good opening for all-round 
Idress Penman's Art Jouusal Teachers' 

hand teacher wanted. Good opening for all 

ddress Penman'" ' - ' ■ " 

202 Hroadway, 1 
_ Munson shorth 

ted. Address Pbnman' _ 

liUBKAU, 202 Broadway. New York. 
<;E0U<;I.\.— Tia.liiT (if D.-iiii I'MiiuMi shorthand 

I>IAS*.~A good commercla' teacher and penman 
s wanted by new school. Address Penman's Art 
loDRSALTEAcHEEts' BUREAD, '.J02 BroaUway, New York. 

iVIAHS.— Penman and cora'l teacher wanted. Ad- 
'-' "" — * Bureau, 202 

MASS.— Penman, teacher of com'l and English 
branches wauled. Address Penman's Art Journal 
Te«chers' Burkau. 202 Broadway. New York. 

IIIICH.— A lady teacher of Graham Shorthand and 
typewriting wanted at once. Address Pknman's art 
.It HNALTEAr'HERs'ni'RnAt:. 202 Broadway, New York. 

H I 

1 all-r 



flS R HHTION Hmericans Want me Best. 

Underhill's Rapid Phonography 

R.-pres..ui.s the Be^t ..f ihe Ak'-' 

lllus-Clr. l-nderhtll>rulv..n.l.y.R.vh,-ster.N,Y. 

&r- THE USE OF CCTS on this page or anv 

departure from the grtieral style of display teiU 

<o$t SO per cent, extra. 

l sheet shading pen work, ■ 

shading pen capitals. 3fi c ,. 

silk ribbon, made In colors with pen, So < 

E. K. DAVIS. Pen Artist. Church and Summer 
Sts,. Nashville, Tenn. Course of 12 lesions In buM- 
ne^ writing. *.*».('0: . 8 le.<i»on» In free hand drawing. 

card writing ^r dnz.. 15 ,_r 

of all kluds made for engravliig. 

_ _ . . - I*? teacher 

drawing and common oranehes. 
,' experience and can teach alge.. 

had nln 

„ )m..rl ■' 

if theZanerlau J 

ood references; ready April Ist." 

familiar with Indiana Seriesand Rny'sMath. Agi 
unmarried, (iood references- reaiiv /--■■ • ■ 
dress "HOST." care Pe-SMax' 



fihllo?oph> . pltilii Liii'i < 
ng, torch swinging, ai 

'■•^y after May Is 

^ ." and other pieces 

■ iM'd salary each 

.:!iiii, Delsarte. rea 

ir itlimetlc, rapid calcul' 

ii-inc. history, physiology, 

A-rltlng. club swlng- 

■,es. Age 2ft. un- 

Address " BEN 

Delsarte. reading, 
apid calcul' 
.... „.club8wlng- 
ng, torch swinging, and other branches. Age 2ft. un- 
married. R'^y after May Ist, '98 "■" 

BURR," care PE.'iSLA.'i's Aar Jouakal. 

si'hool, good salary, good 
M-. s Art .Journal Teachers' 

I . ' . N. w York. 

K nii'l. teacher of Eclectic short- 

i'i-anche.4 for public school 

I'iri'ss Pknhan'b Art Journal 
I I .ladway. New York. 
\i K . ''^ fuited Penman and 

. -. if..-.;.i.>.N'« Art J 
. Milwiiy. New York, 

{ Iv.— Shorthand and com'l branches 

' Journal TUAcueas' 



npetcnt to take entire chxrge of school 
iinedlutely. Address Pknmans y — ' 

. 202 Broadway.New I'.i 

RSAL Teachers' Bur 

nted. Address 

RHODE ISLAND.-ABrst class all-r 

penmanship, arithmetic and 

■d by a leading 1 

. Teacheiw' Bureau, 

WISCONp«IN, —Graham shorthand and. type- 
writing teacher wanted. Lady. Address Penuan's 
Art JodbnalTeacheu»'Bobeau. 202 Rroadwav, New 

TEXAS.— Commercial teacher wanted. Address 
Penman's Art Journal TEACHKR.s'BrnKAU, 202 Broad- 
way, New York. 

WE HAVE a good opening for an energetic, all 
round commercial teacher in a cliv on the 
Pacific CoB'^t. He must t>e a flrst-class n 
to take some shares of sUKrk 
college. Address "C. C. C." 

JBuoiness ©pportunttles 

I school prmnletoni anti U-achem nupt-n-lson* nf 
writing aoa cfrawlng.eU-.. The J<»lk5alV want col- 
nmnii will pat you In communication with them. 
priwilbly you have a pen. Ink, penholdi^r or NomfrthlnK 

":ln<I to put on th4> market. You may *~ 

ic. Thl! 

with the right 

imrtwr foi 

nterpiiM>. i 

This l« th. 
-olumn u>put you In 

TbP price in ^tt.-'SO each ion 
not to i-xcfcd one Inch. If 
he paid far in ndvancr tf>.i> 
will Uv <'niitled lo n third in 
(I (■•tired. 

WA NTKI> to buy a (Vimmerrlal rollege. Must be 
willing t^tMcll reasonable. AddressE-A. HaIX, 
tiiTi- HuM'h Hum. Coll.. LoganRport. Ind. 

FOH HAI**?.— The good will and plates ofa well 
advertlMed and widely unwl net of writing lefuonn. 
(Copper plate engraving; tbouaanda of dollarn spent 
in adTertlFtlnK ; International reputation. Reaaon for 
Helling: conffleU with prcnent Duslnewi of owner. A 
gfXMl thing for a huiitllng adverlliter. AddrcHH " WRIT- 
INU LKHSOSH." curt: Pemmaii'h abt Jol-r<ial. 

WJ. KINHKBV. 202 Broadway Now York. 
• writer of advertliMinients aiul consulting 

Scbools jFor Sale. 

TF voir WIrtll to Bell your BChool, 

Irtll tonell yourHChool, ortobuy n 
partner. The JontNAL's want cofun 

lea read The .1' 

I will place what you have to 
nay before them. 

Tlir prire In ^'i.^iO ench Innertinu for ndn. 
not lo exceed ouc Inch. If two innertionN 
be pnid for in ndvance (9Ai flic ndverflMpr 
win be entliled to a third luHerliou free, il 

170K KA l*E.-A half Interest In a prosperous busl- 
^ nesscollege ; only school In town of 12,0U0; with 
iiiagnincont teirltory surrounding; li>U students In 
attendance at present. Terms reasonable and pay- 

r JouitNAL. 

Address "BUSINESS," 


FOR KAIjE.— Ata bargain, a one-half Interest! 
TheZanenvllle (O.) Buslneiw College. S^.OOo 1] 

■ants. N^ ^-^--. { . . 

Quick N 
ivllle. O. 

WANTED. -At once. Al h.isliion'; «-<liicator as 
teacherund maooKiT i r tti. iin-tiM - r-oUege 

Co. Establlshid IHKH. ii< n ,m..i. -I'lcndld 

city and ten suburban town- i i . <: Uood 

attendance the entire year m nwn 

ability, which you must inv, i i.. , .ni, 84&0 

cash. Tuition lost year ov.t- s' -. ni m i.rcuce. 

Address W. E. ANDERSON. 2ij7 W, Mnin M.. Trtuldad, 

$X<^A CASH will buy three quarter Interest In 
fjVW n wpll ffitflblishod nusihii^s College. 

I Bu8lnes.s Col- 

3for Sale or XEra6e. 

Ki II 1 1 iiniiiiiKhli) 

- Mil 1 1 lUllllIlN 

I ^ 11 ir Iniil. 
k I > till I irirtst 
tlihikx >f thU 

TSQUAKR WANTED. I want lo buy a second- 

!'"'"'/'" , ' '' ^pai'lIlB T Square State 

l'""^' ii"w long lu use and coudl- 

y"'^_ "1 "PEN ARTIST." care 

Scbool Jiuiiuturc anJ> Supplies 
Jfor Sale or Ei-cbanoe. 

A^!f.,l^M^'Il;'dK''"J",.'l■'■"„^^''™,'''''■•■■ ''''''.;"•"''* 

wMnethliiK you need for them, or may 

— ■"•";' "> Tl"s JooilKAi.'8 want col- 

uinns majr save you hundreds of dollars. ThkJoibsal 
iH.mpletely oover« tho Held. If there l« any one who 
:r^l"l..V. '•"'■,"'■ *■■" "'''•""" 'nrnltnrc-. supprtes. etc., an 

ml. In tUlseolUmu 'V 111 1. .1. Il I in; 

niTl''io''eiee.-ri on. 'I','l,' -m ion for nils. 

be BRid tor i'li ii.V. „',,', ,' »!' i !„." ni'lfeV-'ilSe? 
V"! "•<\<'>'1H1<'I I" II iliir.l iu:^eVt?,m iv"e" U 

"POR SALE.— Two National lypewrllers. as cood 

•ttvsa " NATU)N Al,.' 

s Akt JoriuiAL.. 

A Binder for the Journal, 

Neat, svilistamial and conrenieut, wllllwsent 
f rw TCltli each $1 siilBcription at The Jocrnai. 
iir will tH^ luailoil for 25 cents. 

AnE!«iV.' ROI.1.INXIN CO. 
•JOi ltro„d„n,. . . . Ne,TV„rk 



perfect circle. By the 

and small letters stamped Into fine heavy cardboard. 
The beginning end end of each letterla Joined, making 
It a continuous movement exercise. 

By placing a pointed tracer in a grooved letter ex- 

make a perfect 1< 

rough It again and again, 

8 alphabet-* for school 

1 receipt of sixty 

private home practice will I 


Prof. A. H. HINMAN, Worcester, Mass, 

Business College 


•Largest- Oldest-- Best- , 


•BuslnessShortliand En^lish- 





Business Hrms Supplied With Help 


Send for Catalogue L. 

FREE. For thn 

I paper used. 1 wll 
r JoiTRSAL a speolni 

16-page Circular and Sample Sheet ol 
Inks and Ornaments used with the auiomaiie 
pens. A. B. C0SHMAN, Auto. Shading Pen Artist 
and Sign Writer. Humboldt, Kansas. Please say 
you saw my advertisement in the Art Jocrnal. 


This is the latest and best up-to-date sys- 
tem of clear, handsome, everyday writi'ng 
in existence and it is of incalculable value 
to any one who is ambitious to write a first 
class hand. With the proper material at 
hand for practice and the use of this work 
the acquiring of a distinct, clcKant style of 
writing IS merely the question of a short 
time. It is the most comprehensive, com- 
plete and systematicallv prepared work of 
Its kind ever published, ft pays to cet the 

best and the best in this instance costs very 
the benefits derivetl. 


- - — delay in sending for it. 

"Modern Writing" which contains 
complete information and full instructions 
will be sent prepaid to any address upon 
receipt of the price, $2.00. 

Remittances can he made by P. O. 
Order. Kelt stered I.#tteriir Bnnli Draft 
on New Ybrk or Indinntiiiolis to 
THK NATKIWI, I'lUl. CO.. Inillnnn|>olls. Ind. 

^ .1 T 11} A' Wonted.Kooclticnninii.llr 
~ J\ I ;.\ l« 1 , willing to leain our lnu 

III -- 1*1 I, I as manager and State eorre 

I' lull III 1 I i'ii-tiu'S8ln which much enrresjKiii 
I III ' I- 1 1 i| nil I .1, Cora house of 20 years' slniHllii 
^iliii^ ^^ I I'l mi jiir week Enclose self rtililresse 
^tiinipii! .nvilnp,- to A. 1'. T. ELDER. .MaiuiKC 
^7 Fl.vinimth riin-e. Chl,-,ii,'o, 111. 

^^^^-^-CZ-ft^-I^.^^.'^" ^ 


fLiifT' -^tyimcuu) Clyfkti ClA:ictna0 



HiKh SctiooUor tb<M 
ilo thntuiandii or nU-iioirrapbcni a 
«f* huD'Iredii or wriurm of ihp f 

cbf PERSIN tthorlhun'l 9oIcrt«J aUire all others to be tauKht In the Brooklyn. N. Y.. 
1 Srhool when- 400 pupils are HtiKlrlng ft ? 
1 It t>i*n adopted by o»er .WO of the leading ColreniUle*. CoIlenM. Academies and 

Because ? 

The School Board w; 


past 5 or 6 yean 
lend it oDthuslastlcally everywhere ? 
position syitemschaoKlng off to the PERXIK ? 
anl of MEDAL and DIPLOMA ? 

convloeed of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 
SENSE shorthand, quickly leametl. READ LIKE PRl^T. 




r Why - 
I Because 

] tury bosbrrti i 
developmrnt i 

edge liflvi" -■ . Ill 

ci'cvinics :is iuin 


li<> hist hnlf-cen- 
II .'Vt'IlHMJt iiiul 
M-uniphy. The 
I triii-al knowl- 

liable of thr- hlRhe«t speed, and adapu 

.)fce<1 alll 
child and the adiilt. 
It hiM no sHAHINO, no POSIFION. few word slirns. rowels follow 
BFCAUKEItranln- learned for practical use In » to 12 WEEKS Instea 
They r4-*-l the nee«I <>r a more fa<;llr and lefrlMe shorthand. 
It WBH adjudjfcl the I1F_ST nf all shorthand systems In use. 

TiriAI, I.F,?<«*0\ AND finC'l'KAR FREB. 
omi.l.I.' SKI,F-IN>«TKr<T»K. *'^ f"i- Mmnv r.Tim.k-.l If not -atlsmi-l' 
«-.l. Wrlf II. y\. I'KKMN. .VuiO'T. Mhti. 

the < 

iiprebensinu of the 


Oet "Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor," 250 pp. Price, $1.50. 

Adopted by the Public SchoalN of \ew York Tiiy. llrtioklyn. iic 

^periiiieii rneef*. Alplinbrl iiiid Full ItiilD* for Writinu. lor tlir i 
ISAAC PITMAN &, SONS, 33 Union Square, New York. 

TAKE LE.SS()N»ij,t the M.-tn>polItaii S.luiol ..f \^'a-\>- Pitniini shirlti!iTi-l 1 
N. V. R.<.i.i,l and Thor.MiK-Ji Imllvl.iiml lusliiutl.i 

BiiJIdInK', N. E.Cor. 2(Jih > 
Clmilars free. 

rltiUK. Moderate Rotes. 



flliy SHciKTHAND 

IjuMltlouit. No nrbllparj- woril-»lKn«. A mar 
vH or iilmpllrlly, brirlt y. ami li-Klbllll}-. 
Conuilclc book. •1.51. Sample onpy Ic 

K'ni'hprs, ei.rai. Clrrlllariiali.l »iiiii|>lc-a free 

T. C. STRICKLAND. East Greenwich. R. I. 



11 CENTS. 

Kr.m^. ?»<■.. M.KK1. ."?*.;.».>. 
No. 1 I'rliKlimlllj.oin-.iuart.-rBr.Hs, aic.ionef 

CIreulnrs free 

horlhand l»y mall for books— send 

P. B. S. PETERS, storm Lake, Iowa. 



■ body 

Send f 

gulekly lenrucd : no strain of eyes, 1 
Work uniform, iiccurate, easy nud rell. 
32 page Circular. Machines rented on 


PnrrnriUicr'l to 9-£^. :Mf *i|. l^oillN. Mo 

Are You Alive ? 

Are you up to the times? Keep 
up will) the march of progress and 

A luminoid Pens, 

The smoolhest and most durable 
pens ever introduced. Send loc. 
for samples worth double. 

A. L. Salomon, 

177 Broadway, - - New York. 


VVhat reasons arc given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirtv years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schooU of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Sliorthand flanual 

Columbian Revision- I 6th Edition' 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 


Price or the IBtb ertition. re>Hs«1 to H.ato. •1,50. Proper dteoouts to Schools and BookseUerf . 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

nrSfhoal ,,m,,rlrtort iri>(,(,ii, (o coiMni.iiIcoft ici/A Ihoroutklu e/IMrnI Imchersof Dnu; su.Irm are (nctte 


-for tho>«e who apprerln 
when they u^e it. <;ro 

"•'"^ " "»•' •■■"•-. »ri,cr „„d .....ol pvoprlco, ,v,ll be lo.erc.ed ,„ ,Uc 

■^llrlc, .„ THE II, SIXES. JOI RXAL for January. February and Marcb. Scad 2,J 
■. loribi- ibrer i».n.-.. AMES Ar ROI.LINSON CO.. Sen York. 

The Benn Pitman System of 
Phonography in Parliamentary 
Reporting. ^___^__^^i.^^^^ 



My own \iew is in favor of Isaac Pit- 
man's system as it was i>ublishecl about 
1850. Of oonrse. his books of that date 
are now out of print, and the nearest ap- 
proach thereto now attainable is Benn 
Pitman's Manual. If I were starting to 
leani now, I should get Benn Pitman's 
Manual and other books and follow 
them. — Dennis F. Murphy, Official Re- 
porter of the United States Senate. 


Weuse Benn Pitman'saystem of short- 
hand. Some years ago I studied Isaac 
Pitman's system, Graham's. Munson's, 
Hoyt's. and others, and from each got 
some useful hints : but I finally settled 
down to Benn Pitman's as being the sim- 
plest and most practical of all. I found 

it the easiest system to learn, and wheti 
learned the most legible. 

To illustrate its legibility, 1 may men- 
tion the fact that this session my brother 
happened t(j be here during the debate on 
the Address, and although he had not 
written shorthand for three years, he dic- 
tated my notes with perfect ease and ac- 
curacy, transfen'ing them to phonograph 
cylinders at the rate of over two hundred 
words per minute. It is possible that 
this is done by writers of other systems, 
but I do not remember any such instance. 
When asked to recommend a system of 
shorthand. I always advise the adoption 
of Benn Pitman's. I recognize the fact 
that there is more in the writer than in 
the system : but the facility with which 
Benn Pitman's system may be learned 
and used renders it, in my judgment, 
superior to all others. — Oeo. C. Holland. 
Official Reporter, Canadian Senate 

For full information with complete catalogue of text-books by Benn 
Pitman and Jerome B Howard, giving wholesale, introduction, exam- 
ination, and exchange prices, address 




Send me your name and address on a 
postal card, and receive by return mail a 
large specimen'of lettering done with the 

together with fnll inform.-iticm and cnt of 
the pen. exact size. See Jannary ad. 


2 to 10 sandusKy St.. Bliegiieny. Penn. 

A. B. CUSHflAN, King of Shading Pen Artists, 

'lumlwldt. Kansas. Circulars for stamp. Snecl- 
leu aad Circular for 4c, : Automatic Pen ami one 
Jnliebet. .SDc.: 1 Auto. Pen. I B.ittle Auto. Ink 
ud one Al|)t»anet. 4.V'. jVo^po«/a/carfi/i. 

Krain e»celleot Letter Paper ( 1.000 
ptsi. »ixl0^in.. 10 lbs., for 1^1.40. .'S 
mln nl 81.30 per ream. 


■lOi Broadiray, Netr York . 



GOLD MEDAL. PARrs exposition, 1889, 



? lar«e va 
_.:tra JlDe ^ _. 
esale for over fifty j 

* for 

■I tiny. 

tirlctly profesalonat pens, of which 
>ut as H|ieclQe(l : 
Nos. 2!t0,2()l aD(t 6.1P (Crow Quill), al 

of bUHl- 
1 world, 
kc the followii 

ti bavo hud i 

plet* will ba 

of thn 

pen made), six centseaeh. 
uch f ' ' ■ 

: i'UEE MAftl- 

The cost of these pel 
V LES are I ill POS^I B L.E. 


tnS NRY HOE. Si.[ street. New York. 



The best class hook piibHsbed on the subject. 

42S Clinton Ave., 

Albany. N. Y. 


Jersey Citi 

William E.Drake. 
c principal. ^^ 


i a-T^/ zXuz^S 39 


' V^T.-T— JOURNAL management has recently very thoroughly 
IJIiJ :j revised its list of Business Colleges and Commercial 
MMM^.. Departments and finds about 1,600 of them in United 
States and Canada. Only full-fledged Commercial 
Departments are included under that head j^^chools 
that teach Book-keeping and Penmanship we have on 
another list. A thorough canvass and a conservative 
estimate gives the following information : 




These schools are in every state and territory from Vancouver, 
British Columbia, to Jacksonville, Florida; from Portland, Maine, to 
Portland, Oregon. 

The Jouknal reaches all of these schools. If there is a single one 
not on our list w^e don't know of it— and w^e keep our eyes wide open 
for new schools as our new^s columns w^iU show^. 

The Journal reaches practically all of the teachers in these schools. 

The Journal reaches a large number of the students, and as 
students have the borrow^ing propensity fully developed we know from 
personal experience that ten students at least read each copy. These 
students are the future teachers, business men and school proprietors. 

Let us say again : 


The above should be sufficient to convince advertisers having any- 
thing to say to people interested in The Journals field (Penmanship, 
Draw^ing, Commercial, Shorthand, Typew^riting and Practical Edu- 
cation) that in no other way can all of these people be reached for so 
little expense. 

We also reach practically all penmanship esperta. connoiaseurs. 
special teachers and supervisors of writing, drawing, book-keep- 
ing, etc.. in all of the public and private schools of America— 
but that's another story and will keep until the next time. 

For advertising rates address 


202 Broadway, New York. 

Some People Say.... 

There's m> use trying to sell a gen- 
nine Bnsiness Man's Paper to Busi- 
ness Teachers and Students. We ] 
Bay there is ! (though surely not to j 
those of the moss-hack variety). 

Some say it's been tried time 
and again and invariably failed. 
Granted. But there are papers and 
pai)ers as well as teachers and 

St>me .say this.that and the other — 

But We Know 


at its new rate of only .jO cent.s a year is 
going like hot cakes. Already most of 
the alert school people take it tyon 
couldn't give it away to the sleepy ones), 
and they are pouring in every day. The 
<'ost is as foUovrs : 

Business Journal, one year, $.50 
Business Journal and Pen- 
man's Art Journal (news 
edition, one year, - • 1.00 


....TUB CeieDfaieii.... 
Lipin Founiain Pen. 

Fiui- guUl and hard rnbln-r. equal to 
any $3 pen. unconditinnally warranted to 
give entire siitisfaction or every penny of 
your money refimdeil. Be wise to-dav. 

202 Broadway, New York. 

Our Special Ruled Cloth Black- Board for Teachers. 

ITS USE : — To demonstrate Letters, parts of Letters, and Movement E.xercises. 

made of 
the very 
Dest slated 
oiotii and 
stated on 
Dotti sides. 

ready to Dang. 
Price. S2.00, 





40 jStH^^'^^nmcmAQJ^Q^uMuiS 

A New Edition 

Osgoodby's New Phonetic Shorthand Manual has secured such a wide in- 
troduction and given such excellent satisfaction that the last edition is ex- 
hausted, and a new edition — the eighth — is now in press. This edition 
will be as nearly perfect in every particular as human knowledge and skill 
can make it, and it is confidently believed that the book will have no 

Teachers and students who are seeking a system of shorthand that is prac- 
tical, teachable, up to date and one that combines the greatest legibility -with 
the highest speed, should send for a copy of Osgoodby's New Phonetic 
Shorthand Manual, eighth edition. 
Sent post paid on receipt of $1.25. Liberal discount to schools and teachers. 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS. Publishers. 


Business Correspondence 

When w^ell taught is one of the most valuable studies in the business course. 
It is also one of the pleasantest to teach if pupils and teacher are provided 
with the right kind of a text book. Teaching correspondence without a 
text book is drudgery. 

WiUiams & Rogers' Business Correspondence is the joint work of several 
teachers and business men, and has been thoroughly tested in hundreds of 
schools, where it has given the greatest satisfaction. It contains more and 
better material for drill in correspondence than any other book published. 
Cloth, 75 pages, elegant script illustrations, 40 cents post paid. Liberal dis- 
count to schools and teachers. 

WILLIAMS «& ROGERS, Publishers. 


An Accurate Pocket Map 

Every Student 

Is a handy thing to have when you are in the house, at 
school, or on the road. We have had such a map of near- 
ly every State in the Union and also of the United States 
engraved and printed for us by one of the largest map 
houses in the country. 

We will send you one of these pocket maps — either of 
your own state or of the United States — to your address, 
post paid, on receipt of JO cents, coin or stamps, or three 
maps for 25 cents. Order now before the supply is ex- 


1,14 ST. PALL ST.. 



And teacher of commercial law should have a copy of our 
Test Questions in Ojmmercial Law, with Answers. This 
book contains over 200 of the most important questions in 
commercial law with full and explicit answers, arranged in 
convenient form for reference. This book will be found 
valuable to teachers for class and examination work, and 
to students for testing and perfecting their knowledge of 
the subject, and for review. 
Paper cover, 62 pages, 20 cents, post paid. 

WILLIAMS & ROQERS, Publishers. 


There must Text Books for Teachers ¥&-. 

... be a Leader. who are after the BEST. 

.."* ..* J' J* 

Of all the coinmercial schools in a given city some certain one e (i- j t \Y7 • • 

IS the leader. For instance, one of them gets the reputation for opellUlg and Letter Writing 

'^ncce.fs and certainty in the bookkeeping department. Parents ...... TTypewriting Instructor IJJr^^ 

i-onie to know that if they send their children to that school they _, , _ ^, , \^ 

will be t«nght bookkeeping exactly as it is nsed in the counting- "lain Jinghsh ..... . . 

rt'th.7.^«H^,"Vr^'''™'^^!"''«''''"^'!^^^^ Practical Shorthand 

Dut that little bit better gives it prestige and the choice patron- 
age. The nse of our Spelling ......... 

COMPLETE Commercial Law 

PRACTICAL BOOKKEEPING Everybody's Dictionary 

is one of the fentm-es that make a school ■•" The school that Progressive Bookkeeping Jff^;C\ 

uses it is always certain. There is just that much advantage over Mercantile Practical Bookkeeping .... '''' *' 

competitors whose eyes are not open to the difference between "a r o 

back number " text-book and a progressive one. If you don't know .... Complete Practical Bookkeeping 

"11 about this book it would be a good idea for you to get a copy .t .t .t .» 

and take a trip through its various departments. Shall we send one jt J» jt jt 

for examination V The retail price is 82. .">0, but if you are a teacher (A specimen Teatimoniai.i 

,.pen to conviction we will send one to you for Sl.2.5. just half reg- S^,^ BERN.ARDINO HIGH SCHOOL. (% 

"''"• P"'^«- THE Practical Te.xt Book Co., 

./ /W„/r,m/ :,.,// „v,-r.„ 0,/„/,v«<-. ^ , Cleveland, Ohio. u ,, ■ ' 

G cnllfDun :—K{\t:'c nearly two years use of your Bookkeeping in 

' „ _ the school-room, 1 am still of the opinion that it is the best publication 

THE PRACTICAL TEXT BOOK COMPANY, on accounts in this country. l^-o"iM 

H. E. PERRIN, W "^"f ,1 

Superior St.. CLEVELAND. OHIO. San Bernardino, Cal., Jan. lo, '96. Prin. of Hiamtss Depi. jrV "'ivl| 


-- CLEVELAND \ - '^ — -^ ' 







v>0Ab3fh\h mti- 










^al^^^^^^njruiM Qyfit'CLnu,ouL& 

Latest Invention Of The 

Steel Pens 


July, )S90. 
Aucum, isn3. 

For the VERTICAL STYLE of Penmanship. 

Four points: Extra fine, fine, medium and broad. One each will 
be sent, postpaid, on receipt of 4 cents in stamps. 

SPENCERIAN PEN CO., 450 Broome St., New York. 




J7 * * * * QUALITY 


Send 2 cent stamp for sample card 
of School and I'c ' ' " 


100 WilUam Street, New York. 

To Write Well 



Al Professional Pen. 

For a fine elastic pen it is unex- 
celled, the penman's favorite. 

Also makers of the celebrated Falcon 
Pen No. 048, 

Out of their 150 other styles writers 
cannot fail to be suited. 

Ask your stationer for them. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co. 

26 John St.. New York. 


1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, |1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price, ifl.OO 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, $1,00 

With proper discoinifs to Schooln> 

of reading matter. Prepaied by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Mnnson's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids In the stndy of Mnnson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St., New York. 

"Come give os a test of your quality." 



Our text books did for us before they were printed. 
Not a line became a part of these books until it 
was first tested and retested in our classes. . . . 

IT IS WHAT .... 

the books offer to do for you. Give them a trial 
and you will find the quality good 

There is no set of business men more exacting than those 
of Chicago. We must educate pupils to meet their exacting 
requirements. This we do by means of our 


If these books pass the test here they will certainly do it 
in your community. Do not fely on what we say about them. 
Do not rely on what others say abotrt them. Try them yourself. 

We can also supply you with Blank Forms, such as 
Notes, Checks, etc., at a low figure. 

Write US 01 your iieeds 


I'llU.lsHKItS t)F — 

The Goodyear Commercial Series. 


We make a specialty of Publicstions for BuSineSS Practice 

and Office Training. 

Our new Inter-Communication Business Practice is pronounced 
the finest system of practice ever published. 

We print over two hundred varieties of Business College Stationery, 
For Catalogue of our publications address 


376 to aSo West Hadison Street, Chicago. 

7 Monroe Street, Chicago. 

Offers Superior Advantages for Learning 

To WRITE, to DRA W and to TEActi. 

Both class and individual instruction is given by leading 

The latest methods are presented in writing, drawing 
and teaching. 

Our pupils are in demand and secure places as soon ai 
competent to fill them, J 

Do you want a paying position ? Then prepare for onj 

and you will get it, I 

V You can learn how to prepare by sending for a samj/e 

com" {free) of the 

ZANTERIAN exponent, - - . COLUMBUS, rfhio. 

The Wonderful Curved Tubular Feedej 

Is one of the features that '.jiits to make n|i that perfeetidn uf writiff^ implements 


U R.kiionl.-.laed iThiievi-i- u»fd to be iIil- hp»l, Buokkieprrn, Sleiiomapbrr,, Rnd 
olbeis rniiiirliiK nn nb»<>luii-l> rrlinble i>i-n prc-fpr Ihe Parkt-r In nil nihcri.. «> nam 
n liTF nmnt in evvrj nbnrlbniid -Scbnnl nnd llu,iinF»B Cnlliup in Ibi' cnuntry, Wrile lis 
for full pnrlirulnrs, Cnlnlauut nnd nnliiue udvrrliKinii mallrr, 

THE PARKER PEN CO., 100 MIM St., Janesvnie. Wla, 

fSsUp^ cyenmaAAQ:^vU><:i^iuruLC> 




1000 AgenU '.Wanted. 


otlilnK like it ever before pul 
By Mail, 25 ctt. Address 

Automatic Shading Pen 

AND ^^^ 


(J. W. STOAKES, rianuUcturer and Paten 




tapM oik) iiriironii IfttfrlQ;;: a urcat tnuny dlsttnct and brllliuut shadva, formltut a 

•>r* (tint <'ftiui()t lif diipllfjitcii In hour» by the most expert algn writers by any oth 

iinNKV IS >1A1>B bv um-rn ot this poa by making upcclmena, hat bands, slg-n writing. 

Ifiil. fn<ln«tln[{. prurtfcal work. 

1'K1CP,S: ShadhiK l'i-u« (two colors at single stroko). No*. 


'i.25c. (Mall, prepalii, 

rltlng. el 

each, 20c.: Nos. a and 

ith adhesive 

. MjtrklnK I'eiM (one nolid, plain mark), Nos. 00 to 5, each, 20c. Plalu Pens (for backKfounda. 
tx. nf^.i, Nod. Ooto-'^. «ACh, ijUc; Nos. » ond N. each. 25c. (Mall. prPDalil.) 

.SHADING PEN INKS: Dlvck, blue, brown, purple, red, green, yeuow. orange, pink, each, 15c. 
n. 17c, 

HARKINO INK8 (waterproof) : Block, blue, ffrcen, pink, brown, red. yellow, orange, each. 20c. 
11.22c. Oold, MuKlc, Adhesive and Bronze Inks; Qold Sizing, MetalUcs (for 
crti. llrnnzi-x.HpDrkllnK PlunheH, FrostlnR Diamond Dust. etc. 

Fancy U-tterlUK Outlltt, Alphabpts, Copy Book for self Instruction, Practice Paper, etc. 



Copy Books 

iviK'" cuta (inn be used on un ordim 
lirlnilnir i>re«e. (Sco Dec. Pkn A 
.lot'itNAi.) (ind will Klve copper plate 



A pencil with a smooth, tough, uniform lead 
lill greatly aid a good and free style of pen- 

Dixon'3 *' American Graphite " Pencils are 
inequaled for all qualities most desirable in 
. lead j>encil. If your stationer does not keep 
hose stamped "American Graphite" mention 
»ENMAN's Art Journal and send 16 cents for 
rumples worth double the money. 

Jos. Dixon Crucible Co., Jersey City, N. J. 






We said it would be, our friends said it would be, and NOW 
the commercial teachers of the entire country and Canada 
are one by one testing and adopting it. The result is that the 

Sadler System of Bookkeepers 
and Office Practice 

and the Sadler-Rowe Business Practice 

is being more widely used in the same length of time than 
any similar publication ever placed on the market. 

Have you seen the latest edition — the 

...Voucher System... 

in connection with Manufacturing, Corporation and Depart- ♦ 
mcnt Accounts? If not, send for it. The first complete J 
explanation and illustration of the Voucher System published * 

ii/ Me SiaiiJi Light of Practice illiiminale the dark places of Theory. 1 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, Baltimore, Aid. X 



>♦♦»♦♦♦♦»»»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦>«»»»»«»»^ 

Ri=Ker's 40 Rules 

Produces the art of securing a 


irly Trial Balancf. It reduces the l8b<^>r of this p.irl of e 


verywhere are purchasing these progressive rules. Great posslblUtlt 
The less work, time and worry each bookkeeper c 

Tl _._... 

pleasant his occupation becomes. 

your work and secure I 

. . . RI-KER*S40 RULES. 

KearlT 12,000 copies of this popular volume have beeu sold during i 
mand Is now greater than ever. 
All orders fliled promptly on the day rece 

store for those who pmctle« 

CO to get It correctly, the moiv 
r«sului tmmedlately by tudnt 

■ past eighteen months. 

H. E. Ri-Ker, 


k receipt of '23 CeulM. 

J 165 Lincoln Avenue. 

I Cleveland, Ohio. 


420 W. Main St, 

Conducted by Public Accountants and Auditors 

Louisville, Ky, 

Book-keeping thorouifhly and 



uRh and practical bool 
tl. ' No Text Books. > 


iiTlenced book- 

Thc Book-keepers' Course, and the Accountants' Course. 

study In a practjciil nuinmi'. utnler <'"in|ntiMit hi-iiriu-tors. huve every facility 

of books as they 
t nud become 

.1 applicant"' mi 

Send SI for our book ' 
methods and everything ali" 
Contains four rules which I 
proof methods ofarranKlMk- 
nnd how to tell whether u di 
nnd methods of averaKlngu 

$100 to any person sending u 
H. Klelnhans & Co., Buffalo, N. Y. 
tYench, Shrlner & Urner, Rockland, M 
Louisville Banking Co,, Louisville, Ky. 
Correspondence In '" ' 

s forcalculatlng i 


1 Trliil Dulauces. 

. LoulHvlllo, Ky. 

Address L. COMiNGOR, 
BRANCH OFFICE. 1267 Broadway. NEW YORK. Amer 


i ur RiTiNG i 

1 n PAPER... t 

S After I 

^ for a 10 lb. iienmanship praetlcepaner, 

4 were obllk'fil to have one of the Ian 
mills In the poimtrv make lis n 

^ $1.20 A REAM OF 1000 SHEETS. 
M In quantltle.s of 25 or more reanin. 

ASl.-iS a Renin in 10 Ream Lott.. 
Sl.SOn •• •' .t •' 
£ . »i1. Ill n -'iii-li 1!i-nlllt 

^ ■}■> ~ 1 II 'II Ifeiini. 

^ PackaK- - ■" over ai 

A r'i^-!'i;''n'"'.'i!iv!,'J"' " '"' "■'"''''''""" 


A eni^aved and c 

Alilan.^ you get the use or a haudsome 'l< 
«1CT .Cr.-. 

« Cash must accompany order. 

No Goods .shipped until money ha 
i been received. Prolits too small 
" to keep books. 


A 202 Broadway, New York. 

Agents-Ladles or Gents. $76 

Cray A: Co.. PUUas 


Two New Works oh PENmnNSiiip 

UlacK's Easy Road to writing 

Script CotnDlRations and How to piakeTlieni 



> Ho 

ihlH book In i 

It shows you how to mak« 60C 
IS. Not In artistic writing alone 
What Harvard Is to th* 
»k In lo other works on 
.-- ___ .he beginner, hut for the 
Ivauced. It nmkes a flue flnlahlng course for stu- 
fiits. In penmanship. No peumun should he without It. 
I also publish a paper called the Nuw Esoi 


HackN Ka-sy Itond to Writing, prlre, $1.00 
Script ConihlnatlonN. • • *' fiOn. 
The New England Penman, one year, i!tie. 
win send 

Coll., Nashua, N. H. 

A. B. CUSHriAN. KIneof Shading Pen Artists, 

Humboldt. Kaniias. Clreulara for stamp. Speci- 
men and Circular for 4c.: Automatic Pen andoue 
Alphabet, sue.: 1 Auto. Pen, 1 Bottle Auto, Ink 
and one Alphabet. 45c. JVo postal cards. 


') QyLit QAu tnaCy 

>>.*." JUST READY. .* ^ ^* ^ 

The National Drawing Course. 


Jnslruilor in llie MasuuhusilH Normal Art Scliocl and in the School of Drawing 
an J /'aiming, Muitum of Finr Arts, Boston. 


Free-Hand Drawing jmo. Cloth. 112 pages. Fully illustrated. 

For introduction, 80 cents. 
Mechanical Drawing, . i^mo. Cloth. 197 pages. 1,0 drawings and 28 plates. 

For introduction, $1.00. 
Color Study ismo. Cloth. 73 pages. Fully illustrated 

For introduction, 60 cents. 


Outline of Drawing Lessons for Primary Grades, 

For introduction. 30 cents. 
Outline of Drawing Lessons for Crammar Grades, 

For introduction, 30 cents. 


Primary Drawing Copies. (For tliree lowest grades.) 

Size, ^'A X Qj-i inches. Printed on both sides. In sets of 1 
For introduction, lo cents. 

, Cloth, 49 pages. 
. Cloth, S7 pages. 

ards in envelope 


One book each for the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th years of school. 

For introduction, $1.80 per dozen. 

Descriptive Circulars sent to any address. 

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicago, Atlanta. 


^"' Quantity 

°' Good Work 

There's no Typewriter that can Equal 

The Caligraph 

Our Handsome Booklet will 
set you thinking. Send for it 

American Writing Machine Co. 

237 Broadway, New York 

"Tte Standard" 






Is the thing by which others are compared and tested. 

'^^ Remington 

Is, and always has been, the Criterion of Excellence for Writing- 

The O I Y N« 

Number W I W Mo 
Is the latest mark of progress set for others to aim at. 



327 Broadway, New York. 




If business is not taught in your 
school as business is done in the 
outside world 



TljG Ellis System ol Pclual Business rrom Start to Flnisli 

is the only system of teaching business by doing busi- 
ness published. 

Adopted by hundreds of leading business colleges, and 
discarded by none. 

Detailed information cheerfully furnished. 

ELLIS PUBLISHING CO., - Battle Creek, Mich. 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 


No. 3. 
AtHtiil Kntliuitiajini attft Ton ^lanij t!opifii. 

11>. Well, how is your enthusiasm V I hope it is 
like 'mine— up to the boiling point. Did I give you 
too much to do last monj;h ? I was afraid I had. 
Well, if I did. lay this month's work away care- 
fully, and continue on last month's work until you 
are fairly well satisfied with your ability on the one 
space letters; until you can glide your pen over the 
paper " just as easy." 

Yotir Progratit, 

20. I forgot to ask you if you had a program by 
which you practice. Do you have a regular time 
each day or evening for practice V You should have 
a regular time of at least five periods per week for 
your writing. And don't let anything, unless it is 
sickness or funerals, interfere with your writing 
time. Don't practice spasmodically. 

Have a regular time for writing and a regular 
length of time of 31) to 40 minutes or an hour. Each 
time you practice read the instructions carefully first. 
then work awhile on some of the January exercises to 
get up steam. After you get a free movement I will 
predict that you willbepleased in eeeing what you 
can make with it. Not all at one time, of course, but 
by taking up one thing at a time and studying it and 
making it over and over until the habit of making it 
just right is so fixed that you will make it that way 
whether you are thinking of it or not. You know 
when you begin to learn to waltz you make blun- 
der after blunder, and it almost seems that you 
can't get the regular step: but after a while you 
get so you can waltz, chew gum and talk, all at the 
same time. 

This Month's Lr»Hon~.rin} Semt-hjcteiult^il Tetters. 

'i I . You will see we have a new class of letters 
this month— the semi-extended letters. So called 
because they halt or part extend as far above and 
below as the extended or loop letters. Before be- 
ginning to work on them try the spiral exercise 
given in this issue. Look at it. It is a big windy- 
looking one, isn't it V It is just like the one given 
in the January lessons, only it is much larger. It 
is to you what the dumb-bells and Indian clubs and 
horizontal bar are to the athlete. 

J/oir *« lUfike tfif Itly Oral. 

-2. Place your arm and hand in a correct posi- 
tion, then contract the muscles and swell up the 
muscle of the forearm— i.e., " make a big muscle. " 
as the boys say, and then just see how large an ex- 
ercise you can make without allowing the arm rest 
to slip on the table. Be sure that you maKe very 
light lines. This should be repeated every time you 
sit down to practice this month, before you begin 
»n the regular work. 

2;J, First, take the small " i " and make it in 
groups of about 8 to a regular count (either men- 
tally or alond* of 1, 3. 3, 4, 3, li. 7, ti. Make about a 
page of them. See that you make them pretty close 
together, and with regular spacing between the let 
ters When that becomes quite easy, try making 
them just as close together, but about twice as high 
and to the same count, and you have the ■ (." In 
making ■• t." curve the up stroke well, and make 
the down stroke straight, but without shade. Make 
« very short turn at the bottom before turning to 


the right. Avoid making the " ( " too wide at the 
bottom, as it gives it the appearance of one style of 
capital "A." Make full pages of it. 

The SintiK " rf." 

24. Before working any on the " d," practice 
freely on the " a " in groups of 6 or 8. Then notice 
that the " d" is formed by joining "a " and " t,- " 
after the "a" part of it is made the same instruc- 
tions as given for the last part of " t " should be 

Make the letter in groups of 5 for a while, then 

rhi- /.ooji .«!//<■ »/■ Small ■•;<." 

37. The second style of " p," which is a very 
practical one and easier to make, but not quite so 
neat, is quite like the first only instead of making 
the part below the base line a straight mark and 
retracing, just make a short loop. Be sure to make 
this loop small. I think the chief objection to this 
style of letter is, that persons are so liable to make 
a big straggly loop below the line. Make whole 
lines of it, of about iO to the line. Make it short 
above and below the line. 


try going half-across the page. Make it short 
above the line. Make line after line of it and fill 
whole pages. 

TJie Serontl Stt/li' of Stnatl "ft." 

25. The second style of "d " should be made 
just the same, only make a small loop-top, instead 
of a top like the " (." 

The Smalt "jj." 

26. The " p" is made by making first up stroke, 
a full right curve like the first 'stroke in " (," then 
come downward toward the body with a straight 
line and stop short below the base line, then retrace 
to base line where you turn quickly to the right, 
making a small oval which should be well closed at 
the base line. Be sure not to turn to the right on 
the up stroke until you cross the base line. It may 
be made by lifting the pen at the bottom. Practice 
in groups, then make full pages. 

Tlie Small "q." 

28. Before beginning on the " 7, " practice a whilo 
on the small " a." making .'j or in a group. Then 
study the " 7 " carefully. Make it like " 3," until 
you reach the turn at the bottom of the letter, then 
instead of turniug to the left, turn short to the right 
and join at the base line same as lower part of "/. " 
Make whole lines and pages of it. 

Uoio lite Time Should lie Divided. 

29. Spend the first week on the " t" and "d;" 
second week on " p" and " '/. " Make pages of each 
letter. Remember that it is repetition that fixes the 
habit of making them just right. 

TItat Speclnifil Jtoolc, 

30. When you get quite proficient on each of 
these letters take your Specimen Book and make a 
neat page of each letter. 

iSZ^/'~^<?^7-Z-<*/Z-S:-*i«<^^^^^ Zii?<?-Z'^ e^^-ir^ ^i^-^^-t^ i:^--^'--7-TL.-^i:z<f'-2'-t^ 



About Rerleut Work. 

31. When yon have performed the foregoing 
work faithfully, take the wor<ls given at the close of 
this Ifstson and write at least a page of each word. 
Before practicing on any word study it. See just 
how each letter is made, and how they join. etc. 
Send me some of your bast of this month's work. 

Only work done on the copies givon in this scries of loHSOna 
will bo crictclsed in this colamn. Think carefully about each 
HDfCKOfltion made before askinK questions. Owing to the ^eat 
number to be accommodated and the limited space, I shall 


AND "S." 

!^ome Poincem on How to Make Them. 


I shall presnme that the readers of this article under- 
stand movement and position and proceed to give the ex- 
ercises preparatory to the formation of the. capital letters 
L and A*. In basiness writing we have a greater vari- 
ety of letters than we have in n systematic style of pen- 
manship, but in this I shall only give the forms which I 
consider best for rapid work. 

Before beginning to practice these letters I would ad- 

^vzT- V^ K^JT' (^ 


mention only tlmt which I consider of great Importance to 
you. Don't Muntl mo work until you have put a great deal of 
faithful thought and practice on it. 

Guy.— Your movoment Is too reckless. Small o's are not 
round nor closed at top. I don't believe you rest your arm 
on the table. Read instructions for arm-rest in January les- 
«on. Don't boar on your pen so hard. 

E. H. C. Ebensburg. Pa.; Q. B. K., Fairweather. 111.; H. S. 
L.. Boston; " No Name. " Mass.; J. E. O'B.. Boston; J. K. S.. 
Taylor's Id.. Md.; K, C, B., Mochanicsburg, O.; A. E. K.. St. 
Ooorge. Md:, U. F.. New York; (). VI. B.. Ononoock. 'Va. 
Von are in my ndvanred class. Your work on movement 
comes up to the mark. Your movement is light ond tree, 
and you seem to have pretty good control of it. 1 shall ex- 
pect some lino work from you. 

Otto. Le Mars, la.— You are on the right track. Work for 
lK)tter control of your movement. Get a lighter stroke. 
llome again. 

R. E.. Jr.. New Orleans, La.— You are .iust the boy to be 
bonoUtted by those lessons ; but you must put a great deal of 
practice on the exercises given in January. Your movement 
i« not good enough yet to start on the letters. Your ovals 
are too flat and lean to the right too much. Let me hear 
from you again. 

L. A. S., Indianapolis— Yes ; I think it possible for you to 
l>ocome a professional penman, if you have plenty of energy 
and p\i8h. but you are very much in need of the drill these 
lessons will give you In'toro you attempt the artistic style. 
Hond mo your best on February Icwjon. 

W. F. H., Philadelphia, and C. C. M,. Le Mars. la.-Your 
work on January lesson is very good on all except Nos. !■_>, 
lil. U. and 1.1. Your spacmg is not regular, and you press on 
your pen on each down stroke. Hope to hear from you 

P. N. O.. Decorah. la.-Your work on No. 2, January is 
good, but try to got more accuracy In the other work. I tear 
you lift your pen in moking a line of U and 16. 

Ronnlo and Mamie. Onaucock. Va.-What you sent Is good 
Would like to see your liest effort on the entire lesson. 
v^'.^'J".' Trenton -You seem to have good movement. 
You need to tone down the individual letters and get more 
accuracy m their formation. Should make smaller capitals 
Busmoss writing should be entirely unshaded. Many tVanks 
effort"onSh1!?Sln° "PP'"''>='»»'"" ^'""'d like your best 

U. W. B, Philadelphia.-Your Style is very neat Would 

"n'd'tl^. svsVen^a't c ,.r^>?M^r„'';V.;"°'' ",'»?'" f" <>nough 
anu tnat s,\steniOtic practice on the copies I am giving will 
do you a great deal of good. Send on your work. " " 

The January Prize Competition. 

The prizes offemi for the l»st work submitted on the 
exen-ises jjiven on page 7 of the .January Joi-r.nal have 
Iwen won by the following jiersons: For best practice 
slieets of aJl live exercises, H.,K. Williams, Wetmore, 
1^^ \t h'?' imictu-e sheets on the first and third exerl 
^i^ ^- " ^■""■'S' "™Ji: P"'- '°'- •'^st practice sheets 
on the second exer,-ise, Frank Allen. 51.5 tlouKh .'<t , San 
Fnmcisca Oil ; l>c.,t ou the fourth copy, D. L. Cal iSn 
Powerenlle .Mo.; best on the fifth copv, J, i. Given^ 
SS™er' Wis'™ •'' '''^'^'"' '"ention; W. L. Eloster: 

If the winners will inform us about their choice of 
pnies they will be forwarded at once. cuuice ot 

vise a careful study of their forms until you have fixed in 
your mind a mental picture of them. We must know, 
thoroughly, what we are going to do before we can do it 
successfully, and unlei^s we know exactly how a letter 
should look we will never be able to malfe it ; practice at 
random is decidedly woi-se than no practice. After a cor- 
rect idea of the form is attained, we must have confidence 
in our ability to make the stroke. So long as we practice 
with a feeling of " I can't," ive will never make jienraen. 
We must get down on a level with our work and let each 
stroke mean business. We would not expect to learn to 
swim by standing ou the bank and watching some one else 
the water, but we must get right in it and not be afraid 
of getting wet. The motto : " Leara todo by doing," ap- 
plies very aptly to penmanship. We may stand by and 
watch the blacksmith make horseshoes imtil we know 
exactly how it is done, but if we never take the tongs 
and hammer, we will never be able to make the shoe. 
Familiarity gives skill, whether it be with tongs and ham- 
mer or with pen and ink. If we would succeed we must 
get acquainted with our pen ; we must let it know that 
we are master of the situation and know what we want. 

Believing in one thing at a time and a repetition of that 
thing until proficiency is attained, I shall first take i, 
and I would advise a complete mastery of it before at- 
tempting the S. The exercises in plate 1 the letter is 
taken apart and each stroke made a separate exercise, 
which should be practiced in the order of its number, 
using a coiiiftiiierf movement, until it can be made at a 
rapid rate, then following that up with the retracing com- 
bination of L -plate 2. This exercise should be prac- 
ticed carefully, for it not only gives control of the pen, 
but also develops a slide movement which is indispensable 
in writing a uniform hand. Combinations of the letter 
should be practiced freely to secure a free and easy move- 
ment. After these preparatory exercises have been mas- 
tered, take the letter i— plate .). If all the exercises 
have been practiced as they should, very little difficulty 
will be experienced ;in turning out some fii-st-clnss Vs. 
Make them at a rate of not less than I'm per minute. 

The relationship between L and S is so close that 

an exercise on one of them is a very good exercise on the 
other, and so I take the same method of disisecting the 
letters and practice each stroke as a separate exercise — 
plate 4. There is nothing I consider better than retrac- 
ing to develop a movement suitable for business writing 
and in all; of my work I place special importance upon 
retracing, both with dr>- pen and with ink. After prac- 
ticing these exercises till proficiency is attained, take the 
letter ^'— plate 5. A light shade I don't think objec- 
tionable in these letters, but fight shy of heavy ones. 
Don't expect to make these letters perfectly in an hour's 
practice, but show that you have " sticktoitiveuess '' and 
practice a week ou one letter if necessary. Now with 
this 1 leave the praelice for you, 


luMlriinions tor Prncllce. 


In beginning this lesson practice ten or fifteen minutes 
on number one ; next on numbers two, three, four, five, 
and six, being very careful not to use finger movement on 
these exercises. On seven, and j ij g z f, we prefer a very 
slight sympathetic action of the fingers. 

Test your speed occasionally on number eight. Don't 
try all these letters at one lesson, one will be enough. At- 
tach upper part of seven to three and we have j. 

Uniting five and j gives us y. In practicing j/, occasion- 
ally invert it and see if it is a good h. Notice carefully 
the monogram, number four, and see how it is formed. 
First make the small v, then make the construction line 
for a. Review a carefully. Your knowledge of a and 
j will determine your ability to make j/, since it is a com- 
bination of a and J. 

Drill ou seven or the loop before trying/. 

Drill on number one freely as a preliminary exercise, re- 
tracing from ten to twenty times, before attempting the 
looped letters. 

Practice each letter similarly a-s indicated by copies 
eight and nine. In the execution of all these letters, de- 
pend largely upon forearm movement. 

If you desire superior execution, do not practice over 
too much ground. Thoroughly comiuer every point taken 
up. A difficulty only partly conquered is sure to come up 
often in the future, greatly to your annoyance. 

There is no aubstantiaJ attainment without a corre- 
sponding expenditure of mental effort. The sooner a 
teacher impresses upon the mind of his pupils that brains 
count more than fingers and muscle, the greater will be 
his and their calligraphic success. 

Nothing but hard work, and a great deal of it, ever 
brings one up to a point where his accomplishments will 
command acknowledgment and lead to a successful career. 
Successful pupils are invariably hard workers. It is much 
easier to eat dip-toast than to write a good hand ; but it 
doesn't meet the same want. 

Inaccurate practice is worse than worthless. It is a posi- 
tive injury to development. Accurate ideas are a neces- 
sity. These should come from the teacher, and are in- 
spired by his teaching and illustrations. 

Spurgeon says : " A man will do little by firing off his 
gun if he has not learned to take aim." That is one reason 
why much of the practice done by pupils is so unproduc- 
tive. There is much more in learning how to practice 
than most pupils are aware. 

Quality counts for more than quantity. 

Pupils must bo taught to stop and think, not only what 
to do, but how best to do it. 

Fortify your weak points and you will achieve the 
grand result for which all earnest workers are battling — 

Be self-critical. Aim high. " Not failure, but low aim 
is crime.'' 

Thornburgh Lesson Prize Awards. 

The prizes offered by Mr. Thornburgh in the >Sep- 
tember, 1895, Journal, to those practicing from his 
lessons, have been awarded as follows; Certificate 
for greatest improvement, H. W. Kenworthy, Frank- 
lin Falls. N. H. 

Flourished animal design, for best design for com- 
pact movement exercises, Miss Jessie G, Prescott, 
Wobum, Mass. 


'c^^Ama/id (iTtiL Qy^a.uuiG> 


The Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 

ThiB department of The Journal is conducted for the purpose of presenting the best ideas of our best teachers of business writing in the form of copies. Some 
particalar principle, letter or class of letters is given in each exercise. It is the intention to present exercises suitable for various grades of learners each month. This 
will furnish new subscribers with movement exercises and beginning copies and those more advanced will find copies suited to their skill. 


^yllMll^^J^^ t^'^k't^ti^^^^^y c£^cC'iPUt::£'i^C^::^€^^^ 



Money to Burn. 
What niv yon goinir to do mtb y( 

XepUew : 

money when you di. . 

Cncle : •• Take it with rae." 
Xephew : " I alwB\-s thought 

~TKe naf.M-i)ii,i,. 

1 bad money to burn. ' 


Phonetic Spelling. 

The new knight, .sir Isaac Pitman, of shorthand fame, 
writes to the /),n7j/ Sfxes as follows : •' I shal be ol)leijd 
if .\ni wil alow nu> tu kolekt an eror az to mei aij, and tu 
sho, hie this noat, the niu and reformed spelling. I am 
sod tu be ■ not veri far from mei ninetie'th yeer.' I am 
m mei aiti-sekond yeer. As I hav lieeu the subjekt ov meni 
leederetsnnd parngi-afs in the niuzimpers laitli, it wil be a 
sati.>ifakson to the niumenis reiterz of mei sistem ov short 
hand, at hoam and abraud, tu be ashiurd that I am in 
hdth and konipetent for desk wnrk, but not ekwal to 
much flzikal ekzershou." 

Miniatures In Vogue Again. 

In the French sidon of ISill there were verj- few minia- 
tures exhiliited. In VsVl there were nearlv 3«), and ls«3 
more than ;too. 

There are other signs of the revival of artistic interest, 
and of popular interest, in this ancient art. Portraits on 
ivory form an iniiKirtaut part of the histon,' of art. and 
Bgnre in the prehistoric ages as well. The present vogue 
has all the newness of antiquity to commend it. The 
fashion will Hounsh in America for that and other reasons 
— « principiU one of the other rea-sims Ix-ing that the 
miniatures and the settings may be made enormously 



Oolden Words. 

It so falls out that what we have we prize not to the worth 
while we enjoy it ; but. lieing larked and lost. why. then, we 
rock the value : then we find the virtue that possession 
would not show us whiles it was ours.— .S/infce*pcare. 

Education, briefly, is the leading of human minds and souls 
to what is ripht and best, and to makioK what is best out of 
them. Tue training which makes men happiest in them- 
selves also makes them most serviceable to others.-fiuaA-m. 

Becanne the misanthrope thinks bis talents are not sufil- 
ciently valned and employed by his fellow-citizens, or rather 
because they know his foibles and do not choose to be sub- 
ject to his caprices, he talks of quitting cities, towns and so- 
cieties, and living in dens or deserts.— .S'ourin. 

Music is the mediator between the spiritual and the sensual 
life. Although the spirit be not master of that which it cre- 
ates through music, yet it is blessed in this creation, which, 
like every creation of art, la mightier than the artist — 



The JoornKl'* Prlzi- tVrliflraiep. for Best ttriiiog from 
Each <;radv. 

THE JocRNAi/s annual public school writing con- 
teHt usually arouaes much enthusiasm among 
public Hohool workers and pupils, and judging 
from the many requests for information about this 
year's contest, a large number of super visorsjare 
planning to enter it. 

As a single grade may be entered it will allow even 
the smallest schools to take part and receive full 
credit for their work. We trust that all special teach- 
ers and supervisors will, without waiting for further 
invitation, begin active preparations for the contest. 
It stimulates all— pupils, teachers, superintendent, 
imtrons, super visors— to compete in an international 
contest. The benefits are many whether prizes are 
won or not, and it furnishes a basis for comparison 
of work with that of the best schools in America. 

We hope that every supervisor and special teacher 
of writing in the public schools of the United States 
and Canada will enter the contest. 

Following are the 


The contest Ih open to all cities and towns in the United 
Status nnd (^nacia. 

Any one or all (trades may be entered, from first to HiKh 
School inclusive. 

Send heat (i/:f> (only) specimens from each grade, and see 
that the name of the writer, school, grade, age, city and date 
Is on each specimen. This is very important. 

Put specimens from each Krade together, and fasten all 
grades in one package, with name and address of supervisor 
on outside. This prevents loss or mixing. 

The age qualifications are bs| follows: First, or lowest 
grado (if the numbers are reversed, as they are in some 
cities, the eighth will bo the lowest) specimens must not be 
sent from students over seven years of age ; 2d grade, 8 
years ; !id, II years ; 4th, I(t years ; 5th, 1 1 years ; (ith, 13 years : 
7th. i:) years; t4th, 14 years; High School. IH years. This 
will put all on an equal footing. 

Bach specimen must contain at least four different lines— 
not same line repeated four times. 

All specimens must he ivritten in ULACK ink. 

Specimens to be in Journal office not; later than May 15, 
IK! HI. 

It will facilitate matters if our friends will mark all letters 

and packages pertaining to this contest: ",For Public School 

Contest," Also put any special instructions or information 

on the package itself (and not on wrapper letter). 

The PriKKH. 

The prize cortiflcates are handsomely lithographed espe- 
cially for those contests and state, over the signatures of the 
judges, that they are awarded for best (or second best) speci- 
mens of writing in that particular grade, in a national con- 
Two certificates are awarded for each grade, a first and a 
second: this will make a total of 18 certificates. 

A special certificate will be given to the supervisor whose 
studeuts secure the greatest number of|certificates. 




Si)riiig is coming and tlie study of birds w-ill soon 
be in order. 

" Hetir how the birds, on ev'ry blooming spray. 
With joyous music wate the dawning day ! " 

" —Pope. 
" Come, all ye feathery jwople of mid air, 
\Vho sleep midst rocks, or on the mountain summit.,^ 
Lie down with the wild winds ; and .ve who build 
Your homes amidst green leaves of grottoes cool ; 
And ye who on the flat sands board yonr eggs 
For suns to ripen, come ! " 

—Barry Comtcall. 
Birds inirs) belong to a class of vertebrate biped 
animals. Tliey are exclusively oviparous, and with 
very few exceptions covered with a feathered coat 
adapted more or less perfectly for flight. 


ttl) DRAWING. 

In drawing birds, as in drawing everything else, 
one should first look for the general outline— try to 
see the bird as a whole, as a unit. Beginners are 
usually attracted first by some detail, as the beak, 
the head or the feathers. 

Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are not pictures of birds, but they 
are inserted to help the student to see certain 
geometrical solids in the typical bird. Its body is 
like an OToid, or the egg from which it was hatched. 
Its head is spherical or spheroidal in form. In each 
of these figures several positions of the head and 
tail are suggested. In plate XIV it is not intended 
to teach the drawing of particular kinds of birds, 
as sparrows, wrens, roliins. jays, etc., but to assist 
the student in putting any kii;d of a bird in any 
desired position. 

For instance. Fig. 1 is a side view of an ovoid and 
a spheroid, which may be used as a basis for Figs. 
4, : and 11. By changing the slant of the ovoid, it 
may suggest the positions shown in Figs, a, 6 and 10. 
Again. Fig. 3 is a basis for Figs. H and 9. Finally, 
Fig. 2 suggests such positions as Figs. 12, 13. 14, 
and many which we have not room to illustrate. 

Beginners should avoid placing the legs at right 
angles to the body or too far forward on the body. 

When a position is peculiar or slightly out of bal- 
ance it is well to explain the cause by an auxiliary 
drawing, as the fly in Fig. 9. 


.niu'h Ncelei'ted in TIiinv Trniiiinii Scliiioln. 

A very large percentage of all teachers employed in pub- 
lic school work (I feel safe in saying more than seventy- 
tive per cent. ) receive no professional training except in 
the county or district institute, yet in only a very few of 
these institutes is any one employed to give instruction 
in writing. 

Again. 1 feel safe in saying that not one institute in ten 
employs such a teacher, though writing ifc second in im- 
nortance to reading only; yot I>hy8ical culture, psychology, 
elocution and fads innumerable hold sway and occupy the 
time of the teachers attending and cost ten time^ over 
what they are worth to the average teacher. 

I distinctly remember attending one iostitute where 
the conductor (he is the big gun of the corps) wa3 deeply 
iDterested in literature. He had us read Macbeth, or 
rather read to us, injecting such explanatory notes as the 
needs of the case seemed to him to require, " Laid on 
MacDoff," as it were, and none of us was brave enough 



to cry " Hold : enongfa." Poseibly we were afraid of 
tfae balance of the quotation. 

At thin same in^titnte we had a teacher of elocution 

fresh from the School of (>rator>-. and the way he 

and we agitated the atmosphere and roared and soared 
would have been sublime had it not l)een the one etep the 
other way— ridiculous. 

The great majority of us were young people from the 
(onntrj-, hoping to get a certificate and go back and teach 
a country school among people who knew not Shakes- 
peare and who cared lem for elocution, but who em- 
ployed U8 with the hope that we could and would teach 
their children to read, to write, and to cipher, sub- 
jects then, a« now, somewhat in the background, but 
without which a course in literature or elocution, in 
physiological psychology or Delsartian physical culture, 
in child study or nature study, in music or art, in cor- 
relation, concentration or university extension cannot 
well tie taken. 

Was writing taught in this institute ? No. Why not » 
PirMt, there was no time. Second, there were no funds. 
After the conductor and the professor of elocution were 
through there was little of either our time or our money 
lelt, for Iw it understood that in most States the teachers 
attending the institute either directly or indirectly pay 
the expenses of the institute. 

Are the teachei-s entitled to receive instruction and pro- 
fessional training in those things that their employers 
(the people) want taught ? 

Who is rcs])onsible when the teachers do or do not re- 
ceive such instruction and training » 

A. E. Parsons, Creston, Iowa. 

Education Pays. 

Farmer Hayrix-My toy wants me to send him to college, 
but I don't Ijeliovo the results is wnth the money, do you r 
Farmer Konsehmk.— Yaas. My cousin Jake's boy.he went 

to college and growod sieh a hea<I of hair and sich a 

«'le that he's makin' *») a week as the " Wild Qiant of 
' only has to show twicet a day.— Cincinnati 



iliitr. liMlii 

itl lliiy 1 mill 'i, l^ig6. 


Thursday, Aphii, 30. 


d. Music. 

Devotional Exercises. 
Address of Welcome. 
President's Address. 
1. Imagination and Expre: 


tf. Music. 

1. Tlio Basis for Drawing Instruction. 

2. The Relation of Form Study to Moclianical.Drnw- 

ing and Manual Trainini;. 


il. Music. 

The Fundamental Principles which Have Con- 
trolled the Development of Architecture, Sculp- 
ture, PaintiUR and Decoration. 

Reception of Guests. 


. Mav 1. 


S:30 A. H. Round Table. 


1 of Drawinti with Other Studies. 



Recent Public School Book Adoptions. 


General Reception. 

Saturday, May i 


9:au A. M. Music. 

1. Reports of Committees. 

2. The Gospel of Beauty. 

manship Svstem. 

Mt. Tabor.— Ellsworth's 

Moretown.— Ellsworths New Reversible Writing Books. 
North Pownal, Vt.— Ellsworth's New Reversible Writing 

i Now Reversible Writing Books. 

Lebanon. Pa.— Eclectic Writing Speller. 
Anderson. S. C— Krnsi's Drawing. 

'Tis pleasan( to behold I'tie wreahs o[ smohe 
Roll upafnon^f Hiemoplesof fte hill. 
UUhere ^he shrill sound o[ ijoufhful uoices lualies 
The shriller echo, as I'he clear pure Iqmph, 
thai' [rom \k ujounded ^rees, in t-iuinhlin^ drops, 
Falls, mid I'he golden bri^hhess o[ ttie morn. 
Is qaihered in ujil'h brimmim^' polls, and o[l', 
UJielded bi| s^urdq hands, \k slrohe oj' a5;e 
rriahes Ihe Luoods rin^." 


3. Sequence of Work as Seen in the Exhibits. 
Full information may be had by addressing E. Newton 
Reaer, Secretary, Lafayette, Ind. 

Educational Frills. 

Following the prevalent tendency of school methods, 
the township Board of Education of South Orange in New 
Jersey has decided to employ a teacher of cooking, to he 
added to the coi-ps of teachers already employed in the 
manual training department. This is to be taken as an 
intimation that the South Orange Board of Education has 
already complied with all the requirements of a plain and 
practical course of elementary instruction. Ifthis is in- 
deed the case, then are the children of South Orange and 
their parents to he congratulated. South Orange is entitled 
to the unquestioned supremacy as an educational center 
over all other school districts, and the members of the 
township Board of Education may justly claim pre-emi- 
nence over all other educators of eveiy age and country. 

We assume that so difficult a study as the erudite art 
of cooking would not be added to the other courses in any 
curriculum unless the completeness of the Instruction in 
these courses left nothing to be desired. This is a condi- 
tion of affairs which has rarely been achieved by the 
boards of education of this country. Indeed, there is no 
record of any public school system so admirably managed 
as to be able to add a course in cooking to the primary and 
essential branches of an ordinary education. Perhaps it 
might be well even for South Orange to inquire whether 
its instruction In these branches is so pei-fect that it ha. 
" money to bum " in cooking \eesons.—New York World. 

Brockton. Mass.- 
Los Angeles. Ua 
Los Angeles, Ca 

Villiams & Rogers' Bookkeeping. 
-Williams & Rogers' Business Corre- 

-Longley's Reader and Writer (Pbo- 

Victim of Ignorance. 

Tommy (studying his lessons): " I say, pa, where does the 
Thames rise, and into what sea does it empty " 

Pa : "I don't know, my son." 

Tommy : " You don't kuow, eh ? And to-morrow the 
teacher will lick me on account of your ignorance."— r»d- 


Teacher : " Spell ' tray.' " 
Little May : "T-r-a-y." 

" Now, after the T is taken away what remains ' 
" Why. a lot of dirty dishes an' things to be washed."— PA i7- 
adelphia Record. 

One of Them. 

r ; our college has turned out 


Lazibones : "' Yes, s 

great men." 
Crustie : " I suppose you are one of them." 
Lazibones : " Well, the college didn't turn me out exact 

but I was turned out of college, just the same."— P/a'tod 

phia Record. 

When History Was Hade. 

Teacher : " What great deed of historical interest was pi 
formed on Thanksgiving day " 

Tommy: " Brooke kicked a goal from the ;i7-yard line.' 
Philadelphia Record, 

..'^^Ce^ C-?t-e!^e^^ — ^-^ ^y/i^^.-e'^ 



Writing and Drawing as Busy Work. 

Teachers are sometime.s much exercised to find 
suitable ' ' busy work ' ' for the youngest pupils. 
Writing and drawing copies will be found to be 
excellent for this purpose. If the teacher has a 
number of simple copies on slips handy, and will 
give one to a restless child, in most cases it will 
relieve the restlessness, occupy the hands and mind 
of the pupil and train both hand and eye. Surely a 
great deal to get fiom "busy work." The slips 
should be graded to fit all abilities, and it would be 
well to keep the work in the line the pupil does reg- 
ularly. Good judgment should be Tised in selecting 
the copies. If it be writing it would be well to give 
a short sentence rather than an exercise. The child 
has likely had exercises plenty, and couldn't get in- 


terexted in them, bnt if a short sentence (incorpo 
rntinK the principles most needed — the weak points 
in the pupil's handwriting) is given it will arouse 
interest and encourage practice. 



No. 13. 


^'l' ■■ liT ''|3(m ^ OralM for I'rfrHmtnary Frartief. 

.'\ 1^^^ ;?RECEDE each lesson by a short 
J IJ "V '!"" 0° ""' ovals, etc.. varying 
, P^^. .' the speed from a moderate rate 
A. V "' to a IV r;/ rapid one. 

Take up the capitals in this 
number in their order, always 
iisinu :i ni-w sheet of paper after practicing the 
movement exercises. 

No. III',.— the N should have the np stroke curved 
very much ; make the torn short at the top the down 
stroke crossing the first stroke one-halt its height, and 
finishing with a dot one space above the line and a 
little to the left of the first stroke. Avoid slanting 
the up stroke too much, but cuive the down stroke 
a great deal. 

No. A/«.— Capital (I is e.'ttremely hard to make, 
and must be faithfully practiced. 

Do not curve the up stroke so much as for the S, 
make the upper half of the letter the same as small 

Handwriting Reforms. 

The contest now going on smong eiiucators as to the 
kind of handwriting they shall teach the children is of 
larger public consequence than luav at first appear. Its 
ojtcome will determine an important result of educa- 


annoyance and loss of time, which in the case of printers, 
proofreaders, editors and the like means also a loss of 

It is clearly the duty of the schcols to teach the next 
geaeration to write legibly. Now that the telegmphers 
and others who must write much manuscript to be read 
by all kinds of people have shown the way, it is clearly 


^..^ ^^^^^-..-^^-..^^y 


The Spencerian system— which is at present taught in 
most of the schools— has the beauty of symmetry when 
perfectly executed. But symmetry in handwriting is as 
much a vice as a virtue. It robs the writing of character. 
It deprives written words of that physiognomy which 
facilitates rapid reading. Every person who has much 

time for the schools to cast out the old, mistaken mndt-ls 
and adopt the new and uiore rational system. 

The meu and women who are urging the change of sys- 
tem are reformers with a good cause.— A^^w Ynrk World. 


" Tommy, do you love your tearhor ? " 

" I would if she wasn't my teacher," said Tommy. " She's 
awful nicG."— Indianapolis Journal. 

It Would Seem So. 

Such gushing letters she does write, 

1 hat. time and time attain, 
I've thought that she must coi'tainly 

Have used a fountain pen. —Puck. 

Well up In History. 

Teacher: " Who was president of th*? Hrst French repub- 
Scholar: " Napoleon. " 
Teacher : " And who his wife " 
The Class: (voci/erQusf!/) •■Tinhy.''-'SrliooUiour(lJuurnnl. 

He Was a Graduate. 

rrying a scholar." said the 
educated man," said the 


/, crossing the up stroke one-half its height ; carry 
tliis to tho right with an upward curving motion, 
pausing to make the dot ; then swing the pen with a 
curve to the line, and up one space to finish with a 
dot the same as capital S. 

A'(i. /'/;.— Practice the down stroke in T awhile 
before making the cap or top stroke. Begin at the 
top. cur\nug it at once, and finish with a dot above 
tho line. Be careful in putting the stroke at the top. 

^■o, /</,v._The /•' is the same as the T except the 
characteristic cross in the center of the letter. The 
first stroke may be made by commencing with the 
dot and making an up stroke. Try it that way occa- 

A'o. /'/.''.—Commence the 7. with a dot, curve the 
down stroke to the line, carry the stroke to the left, 
make a long, narrow loop, slacking the speed a lit- 
tle, and finish below the line. 

Too Truthful by Half. 

n rne 1. 1 tho public srhooU in trying to explain the 

nt the word "slowiy." Illustrated it ty walkinc 

Then she asked the cla^s to tell her how she 

lK>y at the foot of the 

'."—School Board Jour- 

A Duchess' Desk. 

The Duchess of Albany has recently done soniethiug to 
justify th»' aristocn*cy in thf minds of the democracy. She 
has invented a schoolroom desk and seat, for which the 
Sanitary Institute has awarded her a gold medal at its 
espositiou in Loudon. It was designed some time ago 
and IS now used in most of the royal jmd imperial nurseries 
m England and on the Continent. The invention has 
special reference to the effect of posture on the health of 
school children, and is very suitable and practicable, aU 
m^' f ^"^wfj"^*" to the work of phj-sical develop- 

munuscript reading to do knows that there is no greater 
weariness than the prolonged perusal of a manuscrpt 
that resembles copperplate. 

And the Spencerian hand is very rarely written per- 
fectly. It is an art so difficult that the schools fail in 
most cases to teach it to the children. They teach them 
instead to make a poor, characterless and often con- 
temptible imitation of an unattainable model. 

On the other hand, the round, nearly perpendicular 
hand which was recently illustrated in the World is 
easily and quickly acquired. When acquired it is as legi- 
ble as print and as rapidy writtten as it is possible for 
any hand lo be. All the telegi'aph operators write it, 
because their sole couceru is to write rapidly iu a hand 
that anybody can read that cau read at all. 

These ought to be the dominant considerations in all 
writing and in all teaching of penmanship. The object 
in writing is to set down words (quickly and easily in a 
form in which they can be read. Concern for anything 
other thau ease and rapidiy of writing and absolute legi- 
bilty is simply in-ational. 

Anybody who has the use of his eyes and his hands 
can learn to write legibly. It is therefore a distinct im- 
morality to \vrite illegibly. It'subjects others to needless 

'■ At auv rate mv daughti 
proud mother. 

" 1 didn't know that he 

" Oh. yes he is. He's a graduate of the Keeley Institute." 
—School Board Journal. 

Information for the Teacher. 

The teacher was asking questions— teachers are quite apt 
to ask questions, and they sometimes receive curious an- 
swers. This question was as follows : 
" Now. pupils, bow many months have twenty-eight days." 
" All of them teacher," replied the boy on the front seat.— 
Vtira Observer. 

Pruf essor Earle. the eminent philogoist. has caused no small 
stir in England by a proposal to omit orthography entirely 
from education. He maintains that a compulsory standard 
of spelling is mischievous, that it does not matter how any- 
body spells, provided that the meaning of the language em- 
ployed is clear, and that we should aU be spelling as we please 
if it were not for the autocracv of the pres.'t. 

" I say," said the school superintendent to the newspaper 
reporter, " if there's one thing I do get tired of it's the way 
people have of telling me how to run a school system. One 
man .says I ought to do this and another says I ought to do 
that. By the way. it's a wonder to me you fellers don't write 
that kind of people up. It's just the thing you ought to do. 

If I was editing a newspaper, you bet I'd What are you 

grinning at. I'd like to know y "School Board Journal- 



'•^cnmoAA <27tit/CL/oatAa& 






School and Personal 

- New Ml 1- 1 .r 111, Mtb are Bliss B.C., Haverhill, 

MiiHi... IJli^•^ ', 1; 1 I : 1 -. K. H. Bliss, Prin. This makes 

the foiirtli - ' i I l.v this firm within one vear. 

They repurt :i' I' . n iwimj —Sweet's B. C. New Castle, 

■t. I'nn -New Brunswicli, >f. J., B. C, 
*rop. ond Priu. 

— The following schools have discontinued : (^oll. of 
(;om,. Austin, Minn. Ponio.1 TniinitiL- Sihool, Colum- 

"• School. 

'S. M.'svv 
W. Wilson 

il Dept. Mt 

('. A. Braniger has di- 

(Jroat Northwestern Nor. Si 
llrni of (Jraham & Taylor. I'l 
().. has been di.ssolvfii and h 

& Neul, L. A. Dullii,- li;i 

tho National B. C, 
formerly nentnan of the inst ii 
juirch * "■■ ■" ■ ' 


' New England B. 

I'll. Mass 

Mic'i-estin the 

, I > Mo. The 

1 11 r , Alliance, 
■ - 1 il.d hy Taylor 
il lii^ interest in 
K, L. Olick, 
\ W , Young have 
uid have changed 
The.v start with 

name ti 
bright prospects. 

— D. J. Hubbard. Prop'r Northera B. C . Watertown, 
N. y., has failed and loft for parts unknown. The school 
is closed. The local papers gave quite an account of 
sensational events at the closing of the institution. 

— Thn subject of this sketch, J. H. Dinkle, is a native of 
Virginia. He is of robust physique, a fine writer and suc- 
cessful teacher. Emigrating to Kansas while quite young, 

he attended the public 
schools in that State and 
afterward swung the 
sledge hammer m the 
boiler shops of the A., T. & 
S, F. R. R. for two years. 
He saved money enough to 
attend college, took in- 
structi(m in different pen- 
manship schools in the 
Eu-st, auJ finished the pro- 
fessional course in the Za- 
norian Ait College, Colum- 
bus, O. After teaching 
local classes in many East- 
ern towns, he worked 
■' " I "^ '<"'■: west to Kansas City, and 

taught and did job work 
ill that city for several months. He finally accepted his 

S'esent position as supervisor of tue Penmanship and Art 
euartiuents of theTofieka, Kans., Bus Coll., which place 
ho nolds with credit to himself and the profession. 

— (*. Milkman, who had a somewhat pyrotechnic 
business college experience in Pawtucket, R. 1.^ last veai% 
has duplicated his Pawtucket exiierieuce in Dover, N. J. 
Several teachers and numerous otnercreditoi"s are mourn- 
ing Mr. Milkman's departure. 

— Another man who is making a name for himself in 
o|M"ning now business colleges, that are closed by other 
in'ople in short order, is VV. W. Bennett, who remains but 
a few months in a place and usually leaves many mourners 
when he departs. 

— Recent visitors to The JoruNAl, office were C. C. 

Curtis-s Minneapolis, Minn. J. M. Nicol, Richmond, 

Vn Chas. H. Gardner, Philadelphia, Pa. 

— We have received from Wilbur R. Smith, Lexington, 
Ky., memorial biography of his late father, E. W. Smith. 

— Miss Ada V. Jackson is nt»w assistant in the bus. 
dept. of Urand Forks, No. Dak., College. Mr. Kelchner 
sa,vs that Miss Jackson is one of the best Imiv pen artists 
in the couutrv. R. D. Knudson reports tho'Com'l Dept. 
of this school in a flourishing condition. 

- Our thanks tti-e due Principal Kane, Kane's B. U., 
Baltimore. Md., for an invitation to the fifth lecture of 
the college lecture coui-se bv Dr John Turner, Univeraitv 
otMd. Subjwt-'- Man " " 

— Tho many friends of R. M. Jone.s, the well-known 
penman of Pittsburg, Pa., will lie pained to learn of the 
death of his eleven weeks old biibv recently, and also of 
the serious illness of his wife. 

— In a letter enclosing suliscriptions received from J. 
0. Miller, Ickesbnrg. Pa., he writes : '• Mv file of fHE 
JouKNAL IS complete from .April, 1877. Comparing the 
adult. Bee, 1S1I5, number with the infant numlier enables 
me to see that The Penman's Art Joirxal has been, 
during all these yeai-s. a moat noble and worthy servitor 
in the developmeut and advancement of penmanship and 
kindrvd bniuches of study." 

— We clipiwd the following from the .Veir Yavk Smx in 
r(««r<l to our friend, W. E. Drake, of the Jersey City B. C: 
"There will Ilea Lincoln Birthday celebration in "Jersey 
City this evening^ A iweption will be tendered to the 
Hon. William E. Drake, who intnxiuied the bill making 
Lincoln's birthday a holiilay 111 the Stat* of New Jersey. 
The r>-ception will lie held in the Association building on 
Wayne Strt>et. luid the colonial iiarlors will be decx>rated 
with the uatioual flags and bunting. The Hon J. L. N. 

Hunt of this city, the Rev. Cornelius Brett, the Hon. 
William H. Beach, the Rev. E. O. Biddle and others will 
deliver short patriotic addresses. The Board of Directors 
and members of the Association will present to Mr. Drake 
' The Life of Lincoln,' and a large engraving lieautifully 

— Capital City C. C, Des Moines, la., sends out a neat 
card which is a " Capital " ad, in three ways, as it contains 
on one side of the card a half-tone cut of the la. State 
( 'apitol and on the other the names of sixteen .voung people 
who are employed as clerks and stenographers m the 
various departments of the Capitol. 

— The present address of E. S. Curtis, formerly teacher 
in the Porter B. C. Macon, Oa., is very much desired by 
A. J. Porter. Valadosta, Ga., B. C. and The Journal, as 
both are in financial mourning over his sudden disappear- 

— The man with the pen behind his ear is a native of 
the United States — a down- 
east Yankee who has gone 
still further East and is 
now located at Truro, 
Nova Scotia. His name is 
S. (.T. Suell, proprietor of 
Snell's B. C. in that city. 
He is an enterprising busi- 
ness college man, up with 
the times in about every- 
thing, and far ahead of the 
average business college 
proprietor in advertising 
lines. If they had good 
printers in Nova Scotia, he 
would be able to send out 
some handsome advertis- ^" ''■ ■'^^''^■■t- 

iiig literature. 

— We notice in the Washington Evening Star that Paul 
A. Steele of that city has been selected by the Atlanta 
Exposition authorities to engross the 1,600 diplomas issued 
to the exhibitors. 

— In a late letter received from H. T. Looniis, Spencer- 
ian B. C, Cleveland, O., he writes : " You are publishing 
a splendid paper and we are certainly glad to do what we 
can to increase the circulation. You may be interested in 
learning that we have the largest school this season that 
we have had tor five or six years at least, due probably to 
improvement in and special effort on our part. 
Wo have had to put desks in our halls to accommodate the 

— M. S. King, State University, Columbia, Mo., writes: 
'■ During the last few days when I could not study 
because of illness, I compared The Journal of the present 
with the file I have of eight years ago. 1 would not have 
noticed the improvement so much in any other way. Y'ou 
surely are keeping abreast with the times.'' 

— Sam Evans, of the Springfield Normal School, writes: 
" The Journal seems to improve along the line of prac- 
tical writing: and now, in my opinion, it stands ahead of 
all similar ioumals. ' The Business Writing Teachers' 
Open Court' isagreat feature and is just what is needed 
by thefratei-nity.'' 

— The Packard r.iliii, al Si iiiice Club was inaugurated 
by graduates of Pa. km a riiiii.;,.^., at the college rooms, 
on JIarch 3. Speo.ln - xm 1. ,1, liv.-red by Hon. Chauncey 
M. Depew, Dr. iMar.Vrtlni: , and Mr. Packard. Like 
everything Packard students do, it will be a success. 

— One of the brightest advertisers in the business college ' 
line is E. H, Morse, of the Hartford, (;onn.. Bus. Coll. He 

I up well written cata- 
les, journals, brochures, 
laincements, etc. and 
■ them handsomely illus- 
ted and well printed and 
■s more time to studying 
writing adverti sing 
er for his school than 
msiness college propri- 
1 1 a we wot of. In several 
■Mily papers in Hartford 
nil ncinity you will find 
111- advertisements and 
t hey are changed every day! 
He has big scrap-books full 
of his own advertisements 
and they make mighty 
bright reading. We don't 
know when or where he was born and we don't think that 
makes much difference. It is sufficient to say he is here 
and the people of Hartford and \icinity know of it by 
his hustling propensities. 


Thomas Powere, the penman and commercial teacher, 
died at W atortown, N. Y., on P'eb. :i, ISiJB, aged 50 years 
He was born in BrownviUe, N. Y., his early life was'spent 
on the farm, and his education was obtained mainly in 
the vdlage schools. He enlisted in the 35th Regiment 
New York v'olunteers, at the outbreak of the Civil War 
and after two years' service was honorably discharged 
because of ul health. He subsequently completed a course 
m the B. & S. Bus. Coll., PhUadelphia, and afterward 
taught m business coUeges in Buffalo, Poughkeepsie, 
BrookhTi, Cleveland and other cities. He established the 
Fort W ayne, Ind., Business College in 1S73 and in 1875 was 
married to Miss Flora Brooks of that city, bv whom he 
had three children, all of whom survive him. After nine 
years he disposed of the Fort Warae school and moved to 
Watertown. NY., where he established a business college 
which he conducted tor two years. He then became 
t<acher of penmanship in the public schools of Water- 
town, which position he held for more than twelve y 
until Septemlier, ls!«, when he was obliged to resigr 

The very large attendance of his fellow citizens at the 
funeral bore ample testimony to the great respect iu 
which he was held. Mr. Powers was a gentleman of a 
retiring, quiet, disposition. He was a iieumau of high 
abiht.v, a successful teacher, a kind huslmnd and father. 
The writer first made Mr. Powers' acquaintance in 1S7J1, 
and has ever retained pleasant recollections of the friend- 
ship then formed. G. A. Swavze. 
Xfir rntatofiiirs, Srhool .raiirnats, Kte. 

— Among the new. bright appearing catalogues received 
during the month were those from the following si-hools ■ 
Lexington. Ky., B. C. : Heffley School of Commerce, 
Brooklyn. N. Y.: No. Uls. Nor. School. Dixon, Ills.; The 
Agricultural Coll. of Utah, Logan City, Utah. 

— College journals have come to hand from the follow- 
ing institutions : Healds B. C, San Fi-ancisco, Cal.; Uni- 
versity of Notre Dame. Ind.; Vvisconsin B. U., La Crosse 
Wis.; Napa, Cal., B. C.; Spencerian B. C. Co., Owensboro' 
Ky.; Spalding's Com'l Coll.. «ty. Mo.; No. Ills 
Normal Sch<x>l, Dixon, His.; Buena Vistii College, Stonn 
Lake, la.; Detroit, Mich.. B. U.; Grand Prairie Seminary, 
Onarga, 111 ; Ohio B. C. Co., Mansfield. O. 

— .Vnnouucements and circulars have been received 
from the following named schools : Western Coll. of 
Toledo, la.; Hartford, Conn., B. C. ; Springfield 


E. L. 

I., ivjiuvio, la.. OMiiiu 

B. C; Paris, 111., B.C. 

The Grand Forks, No. Dak., Coll., is sending 

ciir» of the Teache 

Hooper succeeds Frank W. Martin as penman 

of (iray's B. C, Portland, Me. G. W. Miner, of Hoopes- 

ton. 111., is a new member of the faculty of the Rochester 

N. Y., B. U. H. C. Smith, formerly of Lincoln, Neb 

IS now located in Red Oak, la. G. W. Slusser is con- 
ducting writing classes at Model, Va. James H. Grif- 
fiths, formerly of Uniontown Pa., is now located iu 

Washington, N. J. H. F. Riffle is no longer teaching, 

but IS now connected with a large genorol store at Mt. 

Olivet, Ky. G. A. Swayze, formeriy of Belleville, Out., 

and lately of Watertown, N. Y., is now connected with 
Wood's B. C, Hazleton, Pa. E. E. Peacock is the pen- 
man in Kent's Hill, Me.. C. C. L. C. Sherry, formerly 

of Liberty, Mo., is now priu. of Richland, Mo., High 

School. Ira D. Arganbright has charge of writing in 

the High School, Amboy, III. Thomas Congdon, for- 
merly of Belleville, Out., is out of school work, and is now 

located at Carpentersville, 111. J. G. Moore, late of 

Chaffee's School, Oswego, N. Y., is a new member of the 

faculty of Pottstown. Pa., B. C. B. Marnix, late of 

Norfolk Va., has charge of the penmanship in the Troy 
N. Y.. B. v.. A. L. McCaulev. late Supervisor of Writ- 
ing, Mt. Pleasant, la.. Public School, is penman in Upper 
Peninsula B. C, Marquette, Mich. 



! of ill health 

resign be- 

At HaiTisburg, Pa.. February 19, 1806, (Jeorge Mc- 
Clure, penman of School of Commerce, was married to 
Miss Caroline Hopkins. Mr. McClure is well known to 
The Journal readers as a pen prodigy and through his 
work which has appeared in The Journal from time to 
time. Mr. and Mrs. McClure are spending the honeymoon 
m Mr. McClure's old home, Beaver Falls, Pa. 


At West Point, Miss., December 18, in the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church, Mr. A. A. Andrews, Secy, 
of the West Point Male Acad. Com'l Coll. , was married 
t J Miss Edna Moseley of that city. At the same time and 
place O. A. Macon, Prin. of the Com'l Dept. of the same 
institution, was married to Miss Louise Moseley. 'The 
local papers give quite an extended account of the' double 
wedding, which was a society event in West Point. 

Fraternal Notes. 

rntiltf School /><'jjitftmfiit. 

— In the'St'lioiil Ilrcoril, Detroit, Mich , we find a sketch 
with portrait of W. F. Lyon, Superintendent of Writing 
of Detroit City Schools. Beginning with the February 
number of the Srhiml IteconI, Mr. Lyons starts a series of 
articles on " How Johnny Learned to Write." 

— In the Amerk-an Journal of Eduraliou, St. Louis, 
Mo., E. C. Mills, Bushnell, 111., is giving a series of lessons 
in vertical writing, and J. H. Barris, Norfolk, Neb., is 
giving a series of lessons iu drawing. 

— From J. O. Wise, Supervisor of Penmanship, Draw- 
ing and Bookkeeping in Akron, Ohio, Public Schools, we 
have receivedanumberof uniquely illustrated advertising 
circulars. If all supervisors would get out among the 
people and let their light shine as does Mr. Wise the 
general public would be better informed about penman- 
ship and drawing. 

— W. C. Stevenson, Supervisor of Penmanship Depart- 
ment, State Normal School, Emporia, Kans., is stirring 
matters up in the line of better writing for Kansas 
schools. His reply to D. S. Pence of Wichita, Kans., at 
the State Teachers' Association covered a great deal of 
ground, even if he was allowed but five minutes to answer 
Mr. Pence's forty-five minute talk in favor of vertical 
writing. In the Slate Normal Monthlj/ for February 
Mr. Stevenson takes up the arguments advanced by Mr. 
Pence and answers them. 

— The local papers of Lafayette, Ind., are enthusiastic 
in praise of Supervisor J. H. Bachtenkircher's work in 
the public schools. A late number of a leading daily 
contains an account of the award giving the Lafayette 

mH*^ S/enmaAAQ7(it>ClMuautW 


schools first place iu the Wosteni Peunien'a Association 
contest at Chicago, Dec. 26-ail, 180.?. It also speaks in 
enthusiastic tenns of the illustl-ttted work in literature, 
history, etc., which wa.s exhibited at Chicago. 

Pen, Ink and Pencil. 

Blue ink was first mnile in I,ou<km. 

The first English stwl peus were sold at 30 shillings 

The ■' lead " of the pencils ordjnai-ily used is made of 

Pons are polished with emery powder in a large revolv- 
ing drum. 

The basis of most indelible inks is the ordinary nitrate 
of silver. 

" Lead iwncilf " are a misnomer. There is no lead in 
their composition. 

Allo>-s of iridium and osmium are now very generally 
used to point gold peus. 

The quill iwns now used in England come from Ger- 
many and the Netherlands. 

Fr«m ISlti to 1S13 many attempts were made to fasten 
ineUll pv>ints to quill jwns. 

Over 2,lK)0 imtents have been issued in the United States 
for the manufacture of inks. 

Oraphito suitable for making lead pencils is found in 
ahnoet every coimtry on the globe. 

Printing ink is made of linsood oil, rosin, soap and lamp- 
black or other coloring matter. 

The basis of old-fashioned lithographic ink was lamp- 
black, sbeUac, wax. tallow and soap. 

For very minute writing, pens made from c-row quills 
have been found to do excellent work. 

In the Patent Office reports of this country (W5 different 
styles and varieties of pens are described. 

After being cut steel peus are annealed and tempered 
with oil to insure great springiness to the jiens. 

The ancients, according to Pliny, made a very excellent 
sjrmpathetic ink, using new milk as the basis. 

Red ink was formerly made of a solution of Brazil 
wood, combined with alum, tartar, water and gum.— 
N. Y. Cmn'l AduH. 

Well-Known Supervisors. 

J. L. Howard, supervisor of writing. Maiden, Mass., 
received his first instniction in penmanship from D. H. 
Parley, in 1880. In 1884 he attended Hinman's B. C. at 
Worcester, Mass.; iu '93 he took private instruction from 
H. W. Kibbe ; in '94 he was with C. R. Wells ; in 'SW he 
attended Zanerian Art College, Columbus, O. Until re- 
cently he has been Supervisor in Brattloboro and Bellows 
Falls, Vt. In Sept., '05, was called to a better position in 
Maiden. He is 36 years of age, and from extended articles 
iu local papers we learn that his work has been highly 
successful and greatly appreciated wherever he has 
taught. In a late tetter he writes : " I can frankly say 
that 1 never found anything of practical value that equals 
The Penjun's Art Journal." 


In the February Journal we gave a variety of 
specimens of Anstralian writing, but did not have 
room for all. 

In this Issue we give another specimen containing 
samples of the writing of several telegraphers. These 
samples are valuable from a double point of view, as 
they serve to show that Australian telegraphers do 
not write a vertical hand, as do many of their Amer 
ican brethren. It would be interesting to know 
whether the American telegrapher is a faster writer 
tlian the Anstralian. 

We also give a specimen of the pen writing of Mr. 
James Bruce, of Sydney — the penman and copy-book 

yftltiTlanitt -liaat Indies, 

The samples of writing of the Netherlands, East 
Indies, represent the Dutch scrii)t and natitfe writ- 


u*A u^* lU t/r t.i tnt- ^*» a/t 


i QytcO ClyiutA/L& 

•A 4» rfv a tj*' in^ uL.-» ^^ 

Tmf C^ /k- */v i/t* ffy t/v / •!» 3 


caused him to call to his aid several perso to try aud 
make out the signature. Failing in tliis, and finding 
after much difficulty that the subject matter of the letter 
was imi>ortant, he sent an answer " To the person living 

at ,'' then followed the address printetl on my letter 

head. I did not wonder at this, for I have often found 
it difficult to read my own writing, which is illegible be- 
cause of no impatience to put down quickly what I waut 
to say. 

Normal School Penmen. 

uf>fJ* r~ t/r erf arr kt i^ *^ fee d.vt.» l,U/ t/u, u> O^f Cof^^iUCi^^ ^Mu 

(JO ^ ^o 


ing of pupiU in the public schools, and also Dutch 
writing of bumness men. One style is as intelligible 
to us as the other — in fact they're all Dutch to us. 

nary Anderson's Handwriting^. 

My handwriting woii also subject to his (General Sher- 
man's) criticisms. It amused him to make me write out my 
signature as hipibly as possible, aud then decipher it for 
him ; for, he said, it was more than he could do. writes 
Mary Andereon Navarro in the L<t<iivs' Homr Journal. 
I give a part of one of his letters in which this subject 
is montionoil for tho first time. His allusion to the name 
of Mary is retained, as it may be of interest : 

' ' Headquarters, Army of the United States, 

" Washington, D. C, 1»76. 

" Dear Miss Mary : 

"What a debt you owe to ProWdence and to your parents 
. . . and the latter have given you the prettiest name 

in the English language ; the one Burns loved so well, and 
has made immortal. . . . But I must not flatter you, 
for 1 fear you are overwhelmed with it, aud might be 
spoiled, though surely you possess character enough to 
resist the danger. The great room for improvement in 
you is your handwi'iting. The substance is good, but the 
writing is not good enough for you. Practice at it daily, 
and let mo have a sample of it occasionally. My love to 
your father, mother and you. 

■' W. T. Sherman." 
My unfortunate handwriting has always been a subject 
of worry to my friends. Longfellow in acknowledging a 

)■/— /^* 

P» pCH f,.. 



letter from me. called it "a small Bible with large but 
illegible print."' My first note to Cardinal Manning 

When you look at the portrait at the head of this article 
you see the likeness of a man who teaolies 450 different 
students in business writing each day and 74 special pen- 
manship students. It goes without saying that it keeps 
him busy. Mr. Lehman is among America's finest writers 
and samples of his beautiful script hove been shown from 
time to time in The Journal. For beauty, delicacy, 
grace and accuracy his work takes a high rank. He com 
pleted a penmanship couree under P. R. Spencer 
Cleveland, O., and had been teaching about ten years, 
The last schools with which he was connected were Spauld 
iug's Com'l Coll , Kansas City. Mo., and Sadler's Bus. 
Coll. Baltimore, Md. At jiresent lie is the head of thf 

penmanship department in northern Indiana Nor 

School at Valparaiso. Ind. He is 28 years of age. am] 
while it seems impossible for him to improve in his work, 
no doubt it will advance for many years to come. 


// /<Z^rctca^t 


'toieLi^ -?€. 


cJliDeJ: 'btla.ivoAtlh'nM/ vol 

dAXy dx'CJiDa.LiAxjc- ultuxJtdu ntt-miy Wu/JUoVLuyixALuiA 
j^tMem. Uy /yruut, AnA-a/i-ucL i/n- di<^ omXaf-iXLeXi/n-W/ 

djt/n. Cylvutt/UK \CAyYYU [jLn^cLa/ry\y ifcvcL cioo^^-^/y\Dx>L- 


Sh-tMiL d^ 'Jo 




X? J 


J,^^ Otl>{ "^Y^^ 

A Feast with Rare Old Books. 

Hail, mistii'k Arl ! whuh nieu like iiiigcls taught, 
To spcilk to Eyes, ami paint uuIkkIv'cI Tlunigllt I 

— ./."rVi.r«i;)/r„,, 174(1. 
.Vi<iii(.(i- 7. 

B. F. Foster brought out and had published at 
Boston, in 183,'), '• Foster's Sy.stem of Penmanship; 
or, the Art of Rapid Writing. " Foster claimed 
that he developed Carstair's system, probably not 
understanding that Carstair's was simply an adap- 
tation of Lewis's. We re.serve the Lewis Carstairs 
controversy for a future issue. 

Foster's book contains KH pages of letter press 
anil several plates, and is ololh bound. 

The first cbnpters are devoted to tlie importance 
and utility of the art. elementary principles, then 
follows the large te.^t hand, the current (or busi- 
ness) hand, quill pen making, movement of the arm. 
hand and fingers, angular system, anti-angular ?ys 

There are but few plates in the book, covering the 
round, running, angular and anti angular hands, 
and four plates of (German and Old texts. 

By far the greatest number of plates are devoted 
to movement exercises for the " fingers, hand and 
arm. " These exercises are practically the same as 
those used by our most enthusiastic" muscular " 
movement teachers of the present dav. They were 
undoubtedly copied from •• The New Method of 
Rapid Writing. " by .lames Heurv Lewis, published 
in London in 181(i. So our much boasted movement 
isn't as new as we thought it to be. The English 
teachers have had and are having the same trouble 
our American teachers have in teaching movement. 
We make it more prominent and insist on it more, 
and as a conseciuence our teachers obtain better 

In his chapter devoted to movement he takes up 
exercises for development of the side or lateral 
movement of the arm. in order, as he pots it. "to 
enable the learners to write the longest and most 
difficnU wonls with ease and lapiditv " These ex- 
ercises are the tracing, sliding exercises, such as 
all teachers use at the present day. 

The next plate gives exercises for the development 
of movement in the fingers and forearm. On that 
snb.1ect hesa.vs: " The oblique exercises are intended 
to develop and discipline the muscular powers of 
the hand, in conjunction with that of the fingers 
and thumb It is only by this combined movement 
that elegance of character, imited with rapidity of 
execution, can be accomplished A regular tinia- 
terropted junction of the hair to the full strokes is 
efEecte<l by the measureil gliding of the under fin- 


gers. which served as a support and equilibrium to 
the hand. 

■In this stage of progress, we should practice 
single letters, connected by means of horizontal lines. 
The letters should at first be written widely apart, 
which compels the learner to keep the hand and arm 
light and movable, and gives great freedom and 
expertness in writing. Each line must be executed 

This is very good "muscular" or forearm doc- 
trine, it seems to us. And Mr. Foster's engraved 
plates show that he evidently practiced what he 
preached, as they display more than the ordinary 
freedom and grace. 

In the Appendix Mr. Foster takes occasion to 
denounce " these iliiiei-cint quacks, known as finish- 
ing writing masters," and to give a few .sample 
advertisements with which they endeavored to 
make the public believe " that in a limited number 
of lessons, and on a fixed day, the most cramped and 
illegible scrawl may be changed into a beautiful 

According to an exposure made in the Philadel- 
phia Satm-day Couriei; of July 19, 1834, from which 
Mr. Foster quotes, these teachers (or " professors." 
as they styled themselves) were " illiterate and 
uninformed." Continuing, the Courier ssys: " For 
the most part they are Englishmen, who. until they 
migrated hither, have never been beyond the reach 
of bow bells ; and they attempt to conceal their innate 
vulgarity by an affectation of dress and dandyism. 
The advertisements of these teachers afford abund- 

ant proof of their want of int«llect — their whole 
tendency is decidedly burlesque." 

Several advertisements from as many diSerent 
teachers are given, but they are practically the 
same, testimonials and all Al)Out the only change 
is the name of the " n 1/ iniviitor." The one here- 
with presented is characteristic of all : 

Atnrt'iran SInnilarft Sifstrrii «/" Writing, 

The only iufaltible meth .xi to liecome a finished writer 
m twelve lessons of one hour each— taught by the real 
inventor— S. A. Aikeu— eleven years past withastonishiug 

Pupils who know ih^t li. \\- •- i* .nn , 

:, and alway 

This unrivalled sy-ti '; 1 ijii.ri 

the approbation of ii m-i-lii..i~ 

scientific and literar.\ in-niui luu-. \siif i\ii- 
as superior to any oilni n.-w ,\taut. ami t 
thatcan be boasted of truly plii!o^..ptiKal did 
experience of more than jii.ddii can te'-tily. !l 
to many ou viewing tlir nnpiiu I'nirnrs ,ii]iii| 
were performed in so J<-w lL^vv,,n-, ii i~ mx , 
that they are executed wiiliau .i-i.>in-liiii^ 1, 
biuingbeauty of style with ca-i aiMi -law. nl 
sight, clearly and liistiuctly 

ligent person may, from a cramped, stiff, illcgibli_ 
or however defective may be the original hand 

have often 
l>Ie hand ! ! 
1, and met 
it'inbcrs of 

onlv mode 
lion, as the 
voulil seem 
s tliat they 
liilr-s true 

lacliunikd. tlial an mtel- 



will transform it to one as aforesjiid. 

Although many may have bei-n (lisappoint.-.l l.v attend- 
ing course after course of Ic^s.ifi- 1 ii,, ii\,. result. 

I would urge it ou them as i>tiii , i ' ;i u. i)ii, in lay 

aside all prejudices and attenil 1 1 h. .Vmrinait 

Standard, which I aua coutid' 1,1 wii 1 iii ._ m.x antnipa- 
tion autl theirs to a general sattsCai-tiou, 

As you value your handwriting, be particular. 

Besides numerous other gentlemen by whom he comes 
highly recommended, are the following, all of whom have 
been his patrons. 

(Here follows the names of nine clergymen and four 
honourables. ) 

(See Boston daily papers, March 1", 183,^.) 

A Liihor of yearn Itrtiticrtt to Tirefi'c itoitrit, 

Aiken's celebrated system of writing, which combines 
elegance with freedom and facility of execution. 

The American standard system of writing, attainable 
by persons of all ages, and of every capacity, from s to (10 
years— taught in twelve easy lessons of one hour each— no 
matter how bad the present writing may be — by Mr. 
Aiken, flaishiug writing master, and inventor of the 
bouaide, for the relief of tremulous writers. 

Ladies are taught in twelve lessons a neat, graceful, 
delicate and elegant style of writing; the only fashionable 
one of the day. 

(Gentlemen are taught a beautiful, bold and expeditious 
running hand, suited to commer ial purposes, the count- 
ing house and merchant's ledger. Persons who know not 
how to write are taught a neat and handsome style of 
writing in eighteen lessons ( ! !) . 

Terms are moderate, and the most complete and satis- 
factory success guaranteed to every one. 

The following gentlemen Mr. Aiken is permitted to 
refer to: 

Allen Oilman, Mayor of the city of Bangor: Hon. Gor- 
ham Parks, Lincoln, Foster & Co., William Abbot, Esq., 
Nourse & Smith, John S. Sayward, Esq., Willis, Patten 
& Co., J. Ci. Brown, M.D., Attwood & Son, Josiah Deane, 
M D., .1. T. Littlefield, Principal of the Voung Ladies- 
High School ! ! ! ! 

(Bangor Whirj im<l Courier, 18:«.) 

It is but little wonder that the public, after read- 
ing such effusions as this, came to look on the writ 
ing teacher as a charlatan. And fifty to seventy five 
years of penance and atonement have not sufficed 
to rid many of the idea that a penman of to day is 
not an uncouth, uncultured, uneducated, shabby- 
genteel, peripatetic individual, with a pocketfull of 
testimonials (y). a bottle of ink and a pen, <m bis 
annual rounds from village to village. 

rz. r.. 



TifK Joi-'RXALliipublUhpd In iwooflltlonii: 

Till! Pkiinaii'ii Art JotnuiAU 20 pafcpn. nulmcrlptlon prlco. 50 wntH 
a yrar. Q cenUa number. 

TiiK I'K^»lA!*'8 ART JopB!»AL, Nkw« Editiox. 84 pagps, Kutwicrlpllon 
prI'T. %\ n yi>ar. 10 rcnU a numlN>r. 

Roth t^IitroiiH nrr- Idfrntlcal pxcrpt fournddeil pair's of Ncwsniid 
MlM-4'llunr 111 thp Npwx Edilton. All Inittructlon f eaturen and advcr- 
llM'iiifiitH appi-ur Id both edlttotiK. 

£8.-80 rt'DtM ptT nonpareil lino, $9,60 per Inch. 

Mounts for term and iipace. Special eHtIinat«« 

application. No advortlHcmcnt taken for lew tlian %%. 

rniililiil niid iititiil honkrt nrr \U\vA In 

iiiiirn r 
III -.Id 


"•■ItMri-iliii- Iti-iii-lil I 
llir liiiokK In rouiii 
I'rfdurnlly linppcni 

f I he III 

tlih tbc 

. hoili 

OfltT. il 

< ilinl IH' In eniiblrd lo oblnhi bn»k 
idiTnbiy icMN ihnn ihe bniik nlonc 
oNi of nny denier. Ii \v\\\ pay nuy Inielliaent 
:o Kcnil a iwo-crnl NCiinip for tfais cnialonuc. 
lurible miits6HlloiiM for prpHonis. 

Editorial Comment. 

Public School Writing Contest. 

Wii dc'sirr to call iittciition t(i tlie anuounccmeiit 
ill our Piiblii' School Depurtmeiit of The Jouun.^l's 
uanniil public Hcliool writiug contest. We hope that 
11 liirKc number of schools will put themselves in 
trim for this contest. Every public school super 
visor iiml special teacher in America should try for 
the honor (which is no small one) of winning a 
Supervisor's Prize Certificate for having won the 
groateat number of grade prize certificates on his 
])upil8' writing. 

It is a fair field and no favor, and we hope that 
thousands of schools will take part. 

Amateur Prize Writing Competition. 

The writing competition for amateurs, particulars 
of which were given in the Febriuiry number of The 
JorRN.Ki.. is arousing no little iuterest. Joi'KN.vL 
readers and the American public would like to see 
some of the best writing by the best young amateur 
business writers, and to gratify this desire and en- 
courage our younger penmen. The Journal has 
undertaken the work of conducting such a contest. 

This competition is open to all amateurs not over 
twenty years of age. As all specimens must be in 
our hands by April 20, 189B. there is no time to lose. 
Read the conditions in the February Journal, and 
enter the race. 

Names of Drawing Teachers Wanted. 

The Journal's interest in drawing is second only 
to the interest it has in writing. We desire to see a 
special teacher of drawing in every public and pri 
vate school in America. We have started out to 
arouse sentiment that will accomplish this end. 
One of the first things is to get a correct list of 
schools employing supervisors or special teachers of 
drawing, with names and addresses of teachers. 
We have quite a complete list, but desire to nrake it 
absolutely accurate. With that object in view, we 
shall ask all drawing teachers to send us their 
names, addresses, names of schools in which tbey 
taach. with like information about as many of their 
fellow-teachers as possible. Other JouRN.iL readers 
are asked to help us by sending information about 
any teachers of drawing known to them. 

The Packard Testimonial. 

A short time ago we called the attention of our 
readers to a movement on the part of the friends of 
Mr. S. S. Packard of New York to lu'esent him 
with a Loving Cup on the occasion of his seventieth 
birthday, April 28, 1896. 

The scheme seems to have been received with 
much favor, ,iudging from the elaborate programme 
of the committee in charge. An order has just been 
placed for the cup with tbc Whiting Mfg. Company 
of New York, who are famous in this line of work. 


The contract price is $1,000. In this connection it 
will be interesting to note that the celebrated Tam- 
many cup recently presented to Mr. Richard Croker 
at a banquet at the Savoy Hotel, and which was 
reported to have cost $'J.O0O. in reality cost but $850. 

The Packard Cup. we understand, has been se. 
lected from designs from six of the leading silver- 
smiths, and the artistic merits of the sketch selected 
were passed upon by a committee of the New York 
Sculptors" Society. The ornamentation of the cup 
will be the highest class of repoussA work. The 
three handles whic^h support the cup iu very unique 
style are composed of an arrangement of buckeyes 
as emblematical of the ■' Bnckeye State, " and laurel 
leaves. These handles are to be chased. There are 
six blank spaces on the cup. three between the han- 
dles on the bowl, and three on the base, each of 
which will contain some allegorical or realistic 
symbol as indicative of Mr. Packard's life work. 

It is the intention, we believe, to present this cup. 
together with a handsomely Iround book of congrat 
ulatory letters from the siibscribers to the fund, at 
a banquet to be given Mr. Packard on the evening 
of April 2.8 at Delmonico's. 

While the list of speakers is not yet completed, it 
is e.Kpected that the following will be present: Hon. 
John Wool-on of Iowa, Mr. R. E. Gallagher of 
Hamilton. Ontario; Hon. Wm. L. Strong, Mayor of 
New York; Dr. Chauncey M. Depew, President Setli 
Low of Columbia College, G. W. Brown of Jackson- 
ville, 111., and others. 

We're Squelched I ! 

Great C'acapon VV. Va., Jan. 18, 1890. 
Ames & Rollinson Co., 

202 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

(Jentlemeu : I dul,v received your jouranl and missive, 
but was indeed disagreeably siirpriBcd to learn that gentle- 
men of whom I had the most inestimable appreciation, 
should so ceusoriosly humiliate that confidence by imper- 
tinently asking *' ttiftHthc original work from your pen I"' 
when I have very explicitly said it is my own work. 

If you continue to doubt the verity of my statements 
and question tho authenticit.y of me being the originator 
and executor of the flourished design I recently sent you. 
kindly interrogate Prof. A. S. Parish, Proprietor and 


Principal of the Grand Rapids (Mich.). Bnsineee College, 
for whom I previoosly taught and who had the original 
deHign, of which you poaeem one of the proofs, reproduced, 
whether I am the designer or not. 
WJHhing yon gnccess in ever>' honest nndertaking I am, 
Yours respectfully, S. C. Cross. 


He WnnlN to Know. 
Editok Pknma.ns Art Jocrnal : 

Although 1 am an entire stranger to yon, yet I write to 
you with an honest purjwse and 1 most sincerely hope 
that yoii will treat it as such. 

I was referred to you as an authority in penmanship. 

They seem U> think that has a book giving very 

good iustrnctiou in plain jjennmnship, but they referred 
to vou as you know more almut it. 

Chicago, and numbers 280. Mr. McCaslin is a staunch friend 
of The Journal., and bis belief in its teachings as well as his 
standing as a teacher and his popularity with his students is 
evidenced by this bie cinb. Elsewhere we print a cut made 
from photograph of the day and night class students who 
HTf members of this club. 

The next largest»club, Iflfi. is also from Chicajgo and is sent 
by I. W. Pierson of the Bryant & Stratton Bus. Coll. Mr. 
Pierson is a regular old 'stand-by" of The JouHNALand 
has sent us thousands of suI>9criptions in years past. He is one 
of America's best penmen and has promised us some of his 
work for The JouHNAi,. 

A very close third ia the club of 102 sent by that popular 
commercial teacher and penman. C. H. ADard. Gem City 
Bus. Coll.. Qnincy. III. Mr. AUard lis an inventorjas well as 
teacher, and bis " Penman's Ring " is having a big sale and is 
proving a boon to all who feel the need of a mechanical de- 
vice to assist in learning to write. 

A list of 95 from that old war horse. W.'.F. Giesseman, of 
the Capital City Com'l Coll.. Des Moines, la., would indicate 
that Mr. Oeipseman had lost none of his interest in penman- 
ship, iind that the Capital City C. C had a large attendance. 

A club of 9<l comes from Verne S, Bennett. Soule Coll.. New 


Plenso write to me and tell me the names of the au- 
thors, prices, sizes, time of copyright. num\>er of pages, 
etc., of several of the very best conipendiums of penman- 
ship and if you place 's or 's in the third or 

fourth i)lace I should like to know for what reason you do 
so. Arrange tliem so the beet ia spoken of first. Please 
st-ate size, number of pages and how often published, of 
your paper. 

Now I have honestly and candidly asked the above 
(pu'stions and I hope you will answer them in the same 
manner, and thongb they may seem to you monotonous 
and HUptii-riuous. they were not written with that purpose. 

Hoping to hear from you soon and that you kindly com- 
ply with my request. 

Orleans, La. Mr. Bennett's pupils submitted some of the 
best business writing we have seen in a long time in a recent 
Journal contest. One of his students won first prize and 
another was a close second.^— A. H. Stephenson. Bryant & 

that sterling commercial teacher, L. M. Thornburgh, of the 
Cedar Eapids. Ia., Bus. Coll. Mr. Thornburgh's lessons in 

The Journal for '!)5 are still the talk of the profession. 

W. A. Hoffman and H. C. Ditmer of the Spencerian Bus, 
Coll.. Cleveland. O.. send a list of 81. The old Spend " 

club i 

The Journars Guard of Honor. 

Here they are ! 

First 'DH parade of Tiik .Tournai/s Guard of 
Honor — and such a parade ! ReRiments and com- 
panies and platoons from every wliere- -and hun- 
dreds of others falling into line for the nest parade. 

The Journai/s two edition idea has made the hit 
of its 20-year career. The list appended speaks 
with an elotiuent-e that leives nothin? to be added, 
oxeept to render sincere thanks to the kind friends 
who are rendering such noble assistance in spread 
ing the gospel of Goon Writing. 

seconded by Sir 

Starkey, prin. Paterson, N. , _ 

responds with a better list than ever— 7l>. He is one of the 

brightest penmen and commercial teachers in our public 

schools. G. W. Harman, prin. Com'l Dept.. University 

School. New Orleans. La., sends a list of 7.5 and promises 
more. Mr. Harman is a wide-awake, all-round commercial 
teacher, a penman of note and has made his mark as 
a teacher of writing. 

Clubs of T^ from Fred. H. Criger. Woods B, C, Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa.: 70 from W. H. Beacom. Goldey. Wilmington, Del., 
C. C; tSH from A. B. Katkamier. Farmington, N. Y.: clubs of 
IWifrom F. J. Heacock. Butler, Pa., B. C.. and H, D. Harris. 
Schissler's Coll. of Com., Norristown, Pa.; 0« from Miss Lulu 
McCoy. State Nor. School, Huntsville. Tex.; 58 from C A 
French, Boston, Mass.; 51 from T. L. Staples. Ft. Wavne, 
ind., B. C; 50 from Zanerian Ai-t Coll.. Columbus, O.. and A 
H. Ross. International B. C, Bay City. Mich,; 4« from Whia- 
ton & Frazee. Halifax. N. S.. -Com'l Coll.: 47 from I. C. 
Schafer. Alamo City B. C. San Antonio. Tex., and J. H. 
Smith. Sullivan & Crichton B. C Atlanta. «a.; 44 from W. J. 
Elliott. Central B. C, Toronto, Ont.; 4^1 from E. A. New- 
comer. N. J. B. C, Newark, N. J.; 42 from H. B. Lehman, 
N. L Nor. School. Valparaiso. lud.; 41 from E. F. Timber- 
Decorah, la., Inst.; 40 from J. H. Bryant. Bryant's 

ester. N. Y.. B. U.: SI from A. R. Whitmore, Scranton. Pa 

B. C, and W. J. Martin. Le Mars. Ia.; 32 from H. C. Blair 
Spokane. Wash.,B, C. and E. E. Childs. Childs' B. C. Spring- 
field. Mass.: 31 from A. F. Wallace. Onargo. HI.; 30 from R. 
W. Ballentine. Dunsmore B. C. Staunton. Va., and E L 
Glick. New England^B. U. Lowell. Mas-f^.; 20 from A. L Gil- 

lukee. Wis.; 28 from J. F. Stock 

Mo.: H. Champbn. Cincinnati. 

u.; ».. B. £-1118. westneid. Mass., C. M. Lesher, Wood's B 

C, Carbondale. Pa., and V. M. Russell. Richmond. Ind.. B C ; 
27 from G. W. Ware. Dallas. Texas, and F. L. Haeberle. 

State No 
son, SUte No 

B. C No. Adams. Mass.; H." S. Miller. Or, 

B, C: 25 from W. L. Smith. Chester. N. C: J. E. tattie.' 
SteubenviUe. O., B. C: S. B. Fahnestock. McPherson. Kans.: 
L. M. Kelchner. N. I. Nor. School. Dixon, ni.; J. W. Lamp- 
man. Omaha. Neb.. C C: J. B. Lackey. B. & S- B. C. Louis- 
vdle. Ky.; W. S. Osborn. Pontiac. Mich.. B. C; A. J. Porter. 
Jamestown, N. Y.. B- C. and N. L. Richmond. Kankakee, 
ni., B. C: 23 from J.Howard Baldwin, Clark B. U.. Lock- 







port. N. Y., and C. A. Weasel. Ferris, lud . School, BIk Rapids, 

Brooklvn, N. Y.: M. E. Ostrc.iri 
.and F. J. Toland, Wis. B. U., L.. ' 
Bryan, Brownsville, Pa. : Jos L. 

W 1- . ai from W. S. 

and L. H. Richards, Nafl Ncj 

W. J. Wade, Pottstown, Pa.. B, C ; C. H. Shtittuck, Campbell 
Uni., Holton, Kans., and G. H. W. Stanley, Thomasvllle. Ga.; 
IH from A. A. Kubl. Jasper, Fla. : D. A. Renxh, Manistee, 
Mich., and W. N. Simpson, Baker Uni.. Baldwin, Kans.: 17 
from F. C. Horey. Schenectady. N. Y.; M. E. Hansel, Fish 
burne Mil. Inst.. Waynesboro, Va., and .1. A. Love, Baltimore, 
Md.i 16 from J. M. Balzer, Minneapolis, Minn.; Berkey & 
Dyke Bus. School Cleveland, O.: W. A. Ross, Massey B. C, 
Columbus. Oa.; J. T. Rose, Adelphi Acad., Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and J. M. Wade. Lebanon, Pa.. B. C; 1.5 from L. P. Bettineer, 
ReadiuB, Po.; C. H. Jenkins, Shuws B. C, Portland, Me.: 
G. E. Johnson. Danville, Ind., Nor. School; A. V. Leech. 
Greensburg, Pa., B. C: 8. McVeigh, Hartford, Conn., B. C: 
J. B. Mack, Nashua, N. H , and R. H. Peck, West Nor. Coll.. 
Shenandoah, la.; U from Geo. E. Seeger, Utica. N. Y.; A. C. 
Sloan, Niagara Falls, N. Y.. B. C; J. P. Simon, West Super- 
ior, Wis.. B. C. and A. H. Davenport, Dover, N. J., B. C: 18 
from T. T. Wilson, Infl B. C. Saginaw, E. S., Mich.; E. B. 
Peacock, Kent's HiU, Me., C. C; L. W. Hallett. Elmira, N. 
Y.; E. L. Miller, Simpson B. C, Indianola. Ia.; J. M. Frasher, 
Wheeling, W. Va.. B. C; A. A. Abercrombie. Bethany Coll., 
Lindsborg. Kans.: W. H. Barr. Youngstown. O., and E. H. 
Brock, Slate Nor. School, Edinboro, Pa.: 12 from Otis L. 
Trenary. Kenosha, Wis., B.C.: Miss M. Fronia Whitehead, 
Benton Harbor, Mich.; W. L. McCullough, Shamokin, Pa., 
B. C: C. D. McGregor, Nora Springs, la.. Sem.: A. D. Dei- 
bert. Catasauqua, Pa.; L. J. Egelston, Rutland. Vt.: E. E. 
Ferris, Plainfleld. N. J., B. C; Garvin & Akers. Terre Haote, 
Ind., C. C; C. E. Bigelow. Westfleld, III., B. C: E. E. Ben- 
der, Canton, O.; G. W. Brown. Jacksonville, lU., and E. K. 
Davis. Nashville. Tenn.: 11 from J. C. Mclntire. Pittsburg. 
Pa.; W. H. Vernon, C. C. Inst., Hackettstown. N. J.; R. O. 
Waldron, McKeesport, Pa.; L. D. Scott, Memphis. Tenn.: W. 
B. Hayward. Charlotte, N. C. C. C; E. E. N. Lee. Stoughto; 

Wis.: ■"- - - 

N. Gr 

B. C, 

, Louisville, Ky.; W. T. Thomas, Joplln, 

Mo.; E. M. Hewcn. Little Rock. Ark.. CO.: F.B. Hudson. 
ItanllM. K. Y.: Bra. Jurlnth. Brooklyn. N Y.: Geo. P Lord. 
Falem. Mium.. Co. School : W A. McPherson. Denver. ™o.; 
T H. McOnlrl. Nor. School. Ottawa. Can: Bro. Elias. Holy 
Ctm> OjII . New Orleans. La : H. W FliokmKer. FhUadel- 
nhla. Pa.; J E. Oarner, HarriBlmm;. Pii.: S E. Qutterridge, 
St. Loal.. Mo. B. C; S. S, Orewley, state ^ or school. 
Indiana. Pa.; V II Alcianiler. Nor. School. Chillicothe. Mo.. 
(• A. BranlKcr. Stanlwrry. Mo.; a H Bnrnett. St John. >. 
B ; W. » Chamlierlain. Eaton * Bnrnett B. C^ Baltimore, 
Md.; H B. Chluken. Snringfleld, III.. B.. C: E. L. Uajp, 
BridKeton, N. J: J. A. (ftristman. State Unl. MesUli P^i. 
N. M and J A. Willis. Auburn. N. Y., B. C.; from E. A. Pot- 
t<.r Elirln. III.; C. O Prince, Buffalo, N, Y; G. \V. Suavely. 
Huntmirton. Pa ; H L Savler, Drake Cm.. Des Moines la^; 
L. L. Tucker. N. J B. C, Kewark, N. J.; Miss Ella I. Heff- 
ron, I'tica, N. Y.: D. B. Anderson and.!. B. Dnryea. High- 
land Park Nor. Coll.. De» Moines. la,, and Gea W. Burke, 
Onancock, Va.; » from B. F. Moore, Ft. Worth. Texas : C B. 
Host Beckers B. C. Worcester. Mass.; W. C. Ramsdell, Mid 
dletown, N Y. B. O : W.D.Smith. Concord. N. H.; H. W. 
Herron, Portland, Ore,; M, P. Hendrick. BiK Point. Miss^ 
P H. Keller. Keystone B. C. Lanca.ster. Pa.: L. A. Duthie « 

Co., Indianapolis. Ind.; E E. CJard r" " "' ' — 

.Joseph. Mo,, B. v.. and Mif 

nd E. 

Coulter. St. 

^ Hannah W. Bell. Honesdale. 

T fromE. L. Wiley. Mountain City B C, Chattanooga, 
Tenn : W. W, Winner, Newark. N. J.. 6. C; A J, WiUiard, 
Reliunre, Va.; L, B. Sanders. SprluKfield. Mass.. C. C; A. R- 
M-rrtil Sftco Me ; F- L. Middleton. Elkhart, Ind,; P, B, ir, 
i'.,l.i» Rocnu Vista Coll,, Storm Lake, la,; J, & H, K, Hen- 
,1, , ,, i,.,:i- I. n^'land ; C, W. Jones. Brockton, Mass.; A, J. 
K,, i, M,„n ; F.S, Kelley, Hannibal. Mo.. C.C; Jas. 

\ I , ;. Ill ij.l, Va.; .Jno. A. McAllen. McAllen B.C.. 

K .11 I U' J. Mus.ser. Washington, Pa.. B.C. ; Miss 

S;ir..h liiiiii. ^tal<^ Nor. School, Warrensburgh. Mo.; J. E. 
(Instils AiiKuslriiia Coll., Rock Island, III.; S. Goodnight, 
Vancouver, B, (',; S. L. Beeney, Newark, C, and E. G. 
Brandt. Niles, O.; II from E, N. Henninger. Taunton. Mass.. 
B C ; H C. nimor. High School. York. Pa.; O. E. Weaver. 
Mt. Morris. 111.; E. F. Wentz. Oakland. la.; A. U. Stnrin & 
Co C. C. Fall River, Mass.; Harry Mcintosh. Nlckleyille, 
Pa; J, C. Olson, Chamberlain's B. C, Lincoln, Neb.; J, M, 
Ashland, Wnhoo. Neb.; H. E. Pcrrin. San Bernardii 

ards. Law 

__.. _. _; Pcrrin. %a: 

„ .. Iiid Bus. Inst., Anderson, Ind.; A. L. Shaw 

l;>,,,n "-iit.i Mich.; W. C. Sandy, Newark, N, J,; J, R. 
■11, , ■ ,. ' 1,1 (I (N,E. Nor. Coll.); C. E. Jones, Jones B. 
, . n M. Keefer, Beaver Fails, Pa, B, C; W.J. 

h , ,1,1 I I II I on, Pa.: Lockyear & Wilson. Columbian 
l; I I., nil 111 Ind.: 8. W. Lyons, Columbia B. C Pater- 
son X ,1,; :Miss Lizzie J, Disman. Mechanicsburg. O.; G. A. 
Hougli, Yarmouth, la,: A, J. Hall, Nor, Coll,, Covington, 
Ind., and U. F. C^ook. Ue Furniak Springs. Fla.: r, from E, J.N 
Trafford. Hnmmondton. N. J.: J. A. Willis, Auburn, N, Y: 
T A. White, Adairsville. Ga.: F. C. Webber. Vincennes. Ind.; 
Miss Jennie Mutli. Ottawa. Kans,; Jno. B. Parkinson. Lake 
City, Fla.; E. H. Robins. Wichita, Kans. C. C; E. F. Rich- 
- • . Kans,. B. C; C. W. Ransom. Sweet's Coll. ot 

^a,; G. W. Slusser. Model. Va.; E, L. Hooper. 

rtland. Me,; Miss Bettie E, McConneil, Wooly, 

l.rnman. Bowling Green, Ky,, Nor. School ; 

I ic. 111.: Jos. Billups. Jeannette, Pa,; G. H. 
I'lills. Mont.; Jno, H. Cowlishaw. Meriden, 

I I state Nor. School, Capo Ginrdeau, Mo,; 

I l„«l Toronto Cull ■ J N Knt-lc .Innction 
■II ■ li-i li.i I'liiiiololi.hii. I'll .l'~ P Foel- 

I. c ,1 N ln.uiii. I Ml ^T 1, s Inst.. 

. \ I III I (III, i,-o III lie II 1, (iunn, 

\ . nil, iniri, Nui.oi V illo ill . W. B. 

I I ' i; l> liittiilv. Uom-oii. la.. Nor. 

I 111 I III uiitcr, Va.; C. B. Hail, Spencei'ian 

. mil W. B. Haydon, Centreville, 'Wash,; 

I I ..M ttc, O,; W,H,Smith,Scranton,Pa,; 

II III. i.iiuiic, W, Va,; J. O. Wise. Akron. O.: 
.1 inl .\ \v n..ill Los Angeles, Cal, ; 

-.. .11, 1,1 \\ M ,I..Ti..K, Union, Kans,; 

III. I Mill .1 !■ Ml I ntire. Iron Citji B, 

■, M. 111. , W M. I .:.,i Covington, Ry.; 

,11 1 ii|.l. .\ \ . M .\ l'..ji.l Topeka, Kans.: 

M;oli,-ou. Ind. B C: S, M. Sweet. Sweet's 

^h.iron. Pa.; W. L. Alexander. Polytechnic 

I'ex.; Jacob Boss. Cent. Wesleyan Coll.. 

(' J Becker. Lit. & Com'l Coll.. Fall 

\ Bcrnliiiiil, Effingham, Kans.; Jas. D. 

-Ml \\ I- ' I Hiving. Cairo, 111., B. C; M. 

I III ili^, Ind.; O. W. Gillespie. 

-h.r Beach. Wash; W. B. 

1... ,111 i.u ll.iir. OakPark, ni.;3from 

i;, 1. loll, ul Com, Huri'isburg. Pa.; W. J. 

; Chas. A. Spencer. 

Wm. Ramsay. Fre 
go. 111.; H. C. i- 
Providence. B. 1.: T.C.Strickland, E. Greenwich. 
lial<ei-. Nelson B. C. Memphis, Tonu ; Wm • 

.1 P, White, Bear Spring. 
Citv. Utah ; A, V. Uarbrav, I, 
111 ;■ .1. H. Hutchison. San .1 
lliinska. Minn.; G- M. Lvn. 1 
West Union, la.; Rov I.inid. 
luv, Sclignmn. Mo.; 5l. L. JI.v 

i ; H M llur- 

■u. Tex.: H. K. 

. CK.1,,,.1, i;M,usi,ile, Ind: C, G. 

, B, C ; W s I'liihett, Brooklield. 

I»rt. R. I.; S. E. Shook, Greenville, 

. Wis.: J. H. Bachtenkircher. Lafav- 

so. Edmonton. Pa.: c. C. Canaii. 

' ■ A. D. Cromwell. Ft. Dodge. 

berg. Altoona, Pa.. B. C.: J. M. Ea-slev. Dallas. Texas ; J. C. 
Ewlng, Shelblna. Mo ; H. B. Fleming. Cent. Nor. U., Humes- 
ton, la.; J. F. Fish. Spencerian B. C Louisville, Ky. 

Creamer Penmanship Co. Assigns. 

The Creiimer Penmanship Co., Wa.shin,!<ton C. 
H., O , has made an assignment for benefit of its 

Roman Royal Ink. 

The Romim emjierors always signe<i their names in 
purple ink. No subject of the empire was permitted to 
use or even to have this ink ; and, on at least two occa- 
sions, the possession of a small quantity of it was consid- 
ered tre,*tson and the person owning this emblem of royalty 
was pot to death. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Modern Writing.— Published by the National Pub- 
lishing Co.. Indianapolis. Ind. Thirty detached slips 
with 26-page ^instruction book. Paper, in case. 
Price ^.m. 
This work deals with rapid, unshaded^ coarse-pen busi- 
ness writing, and contains a large variety of exercises, 
letters, words, sentences, etc. Every linn shows speed, 
and there is a roundness to the letters that makes them 
very legible. The instruction book accompanying the 
slip's briefly covers all essential points necessary to follow 
the copies intelligently. This work gives just such a 
style of business writing as is desired in business offices 
of to-day. 

Practical Public School Copies.— Written and pub- 
lished by O. W. Nottingham, Super\'isor of Writing 
and Drawing, Van Wert, O., Public Schools. 

These copies start from the tracing exercises and take 
the pupil through to more difficult sentence writing. The 
work is entirely unshaded and is photo-engraved work 
from pen copy. What it lacks in accuracy is more than 
made up in mspiration that must come from following 
rapid business writing copies. 

Teachers' Manual of the Common Sense System of 
Penmanship and Rapib Business Writino.- By E. 
E. Utterback, Director of Writing and Drawing in 
Public Schools, Terre Haute, Ind. Published by the 
Globe Printing House, Terre Haute, Ind. Paper, 39 
In this little work Mr. Utterback has embodied hie 
experience as supervisor of writing. He gives what he 
considers the style of business writing best adapted for 
public school use, together with instructions to the teacher 
on methods of teaching, position, movement, material, 
blackboard writing, grading and man> other things of 
viJue to anv teacher who wants pointers and ideas how 
to teach writing in the public schools. He also gives 
hundreds of copies of business writing, together with 
instructions how to practice and teach tliem. There are 
criticisms also on the various letters where the teacher 
must watch for faults. A great deal of very practical in- 
formation is given, and it is a work that should find a 
large sale among public school teachers. 

Toland's Monograms and Autographs.— Sixteen pages, 
paper. Published by F. J. Toland, La Crosse, Wis. 
Price, post paid, 2.5 cts. 

This is the only work of the kind of which we have any 
knowledge. It contains hundreds of autographs of Ameri- 
ca's finest writers, and tliey have been selected with ^-pe- 
cial reference to their adaptability for the uses of those 
who want to practice from them. "These autographs alone 
furnish inspiration that cannot fail to benefit all students 
and penmen, and are also of great service to jewelers and 
others looking for designs and combinations. In addition 
there is a chapter devoted to instruction, with illustrations 
teaching how script monograms may be made. The work 
does not occupy much space, but the autographs have 
been selected with great care. The cost is so small that 
the " Monograms " will undoubtedly find a place in the 
library of every penman or student who isat all interested 
in this kind of pen work. 

Brown's Portfolio of Designs.— Thirty detached sheets 
6 x 9 ins. Published by E. L. Brown, Rockland, 
Maine. Price, postpaid, 50 cts. 

About every style of pen work, from coarse pen business 
capitals to pen drawing, portrait work, etc., is given in 
these designs. Letter beads, catalogue illustration and 
aUied work predominate. There are scores of fine styles 
of lettering: \ngnettes, designs, etc., that will be found 
valuable to the young penman desiring to become profi- 
cient in pen designing. 

Actual Business Pro and Con. Thr Qursi ion Discussed 
By S. S. Packard, New York City, and Carl C. Mar- 
shall, Battle Creek, Mich. 44 pages, paper. Mailed 
for 2 ct. stamp. P*ublished by Ellis Publishing Co., 
Battle Creek, Mich. 

The star feature in the bookkeeping line of the tenth 
annual meeting of the Western Penmen's Association, at 
Chicago. Dec. 2t>-20. 1S95. was the Actual Business ques- 
tion. It was discussed from various standpoints by the 
several authors and many teachers present. On Mr. 
Packard devolved the upholding of the text book as being 
the best method of initiating the students in the science 
of bookkeeping. He took the ground that text books and 
rules were merely the result of the experience of others, 
and that the student is benefited by having this experi- 
ence presented through a text book. 

Mr. Carl C. Marshall, editor of .4r^(a/ Bttsiness, pre- 
sented the claims of "Actual Business from the Start." 
He advocated objective teaching as api)lied to accounts 
and urged its adoption because it was i>edagogically cor- 
rect. He claims the educational basis of this new plan 
rest** upon the theory that bookkeeping is an art rather 
than a science, belonging to the domain of the practical 
rather than the ideal, and that it should be applied, as 
are other mechanical arts, through the avenues of actual 
practice rather than a special preliminary art study of 
formulated theorems and definitions. 

The KHis Publishiu" Co. felt that Mr. Packard's i>aper 
was an attack on the Ellis system of Actual Business from 
the start, and to get the matter before the public in the 
connected form, they have brought out this pamphlet 
which coutaius Mr. Marshall's paper on '■ How Should We 
Teach Bookkeeping*" Mr. Packard's paper. " Theorj- and 
Practice in Teaching Accounts," together with the 'third 
paper by Mr. Marshall, " Replj- to Professor Packard."' 
The whole makes very interesting reading, and since this 
question is occupying so large a part in the minds of pro- 


^ cial teachers at preeent, no doubt the 

pamphlet will have a wide circulation and be carefully 

The EDITOR'S Scrap-book. 

The following persons desire to add thoir t 
PenmttU's Kxchaut^e Department " : 

M. E. Ostrom. Bus. Coll.. Fredricton. N. B., Canada. 
J. 1. Givens. SW Superior street, Cleveland. O. 
C. F. Snyder, Bethany, Mo. 


tical specimens of penworlc from professionals and fl 
may be collected at very small expense— mainly by oxchanKe 
of work with other penmen. There is no charge for having 
your name and address inserted in The Jouunai.. Join the 
club to-day. 

— A large photograph of a very handsome piece of engross- 
ing from the pen of Carl Eisenschimel. San Francisco. Cal.. 
recalls several very pleasant visits of TnK JouuNAL's Editor 
to Mr. Eisenschimels stndio when in San Francisco several 
years ago. Mr. E. is an artist, and the photograph before us 
shows that the original design must bo a very handsome 

nal, etc., with covers, neaaiugs ana uesigus, irom vuo pou oi 
Mr. Jansrud. and all are excellent. The collego journal also 
contains several specimens of pen work from Mr. Jansrud s 
students that show good training. 

— We have lately received from J. H. Smith. Atlanta, Ga., 
a variety of plain' and ornamental writini?. including ladies' 
hand, also flourishing, etc., that indicates that Mr. Smith pos- 
sesses ability that would place him in the top .gronp of pen- 

— Some very handsome ornamental script and lettering 
has been received from W. J. Ives, Chicago. 

— Pen drawing, plain and ornamental writing, etc.. all ic 
good style, have been received from 8. L. Caldwell, Fruit- 
land, Mo. 

— E. K. Davis. Nashville. Tenn., submits some good plain 
and ornamental writing, tlourishing. etc. 

— R C King penman of the Salem, O., Bus. Coll., sends 
some samples ot plain and ornamental writing that are good. 

— Some very plain, speedy business writing and graceful 
ornamental writing with a neat flourish come from A. O. 
Sloan, Niagara Falls. N. Y., Bus. Coll. 

— Some excellent plain and ornamental writing have been 
received from C. N. Hamilton, Snacks. Ind. 

— Ornamental writing and flourishing that indicate im- 
provement come to hand from T. J. Cathey. Arkabutla, Miss. 

— Plain and ornamental writing received from J. W. Wells, 
Virden, 111., shows that ho is improving rapidly. 

— Very handsome flourished designs have been received 
from A. P. Sprott and J. A. Taylor, students of the Central 
Bus. Coll., Toronto, Ont. We have also received a neat 
flourish from P. A. Curtis, Prin. of Com'l Dept., Lynden 
Center. Vt.. Inst. 

— Handsomely written cards have been received from the 
following: T. Courtney, North Adams: F. L. Tower, North 
Adams, Mass.: F. A. Curtis, Lynden Center, Vt.: N. C. 
Brewster, Elmira, N. Y.: E. A. Willis, Brockton, Mass. 

— Handsomely written letters, ornamental style, have been 
received from the following: C. E. Webber, San Jose, Oal.; 
J. M. Eherhardt. La Porte, Ind.; W. W. Merriman, Bowling 
Green. Ky. 

— Well written business letters have been roceived from 
the following: S. L. Caldwell, Fruitland, Mo.: M. D. Fulton, 
Indianapolis. Ind.; Miss Anna M. Johnston, Marion, Iowa; 
B. H. Peck, Shenandoah, la.: F. M. Laughner, Marion, Ind.: 
J. E. Turner, Mt. Albion. Ont.: C W. Ransom. Sharon, Pa.; 
H. C. Ditmer, Cleveland, Ohio: P. A. Westrope, Red Oak, 
la.; M. G. Henry, Columbus, Ohio. 

Stndf.nts' Specitnent*. 

— C. A. Stewart, Huntsinger's Business Collego, Hartford. 
Conn., has sent us a large package of samples of his students 
writing and a careful examination tails to show a poor speci- 
men in the lot. The work is decidedly uniform and very 
businesslike throughout. The writing is medium in size 
free, graceful, and was evidently written at a high rate ot 
speed So uniformly excellent are the samples and so largo 
are they in number that it is impossible to give the names or 
the best writers. This package ot specimens stamps Mr. 
Stewart as one of our best teachers of writing. 

— We recently had the pleasure ot otamininK a large num- 
ber ot samples ot writing ot the pupils ot M. L, Miner of 
Heffley School of Commerce, Brooklyn, N. Y. Mr. Miner 
took specimens when pnplls entered school and anotnei a few 
weeks later. In this way we had a chance to compare speci- 
mens and note improvement, which was wonderful, botn in 
(luality of writing and in speed. Several punils who took 
five minutes to write the flrst specimen wrote the second one 
in one minute and forty seconds, and the quality of the ivorll 
had improved fully as much as the spued. Among the best 
writers are: August Steenken. H. F. Corwin, Tliurbor Dun- 
ham. Thomas Young. F. H. Corwin. Peter McLoughlin, Lewis 
H Allen. Lneila Robbins. H. OriBin. A. Wickstead, Lizzie 
liodtivy. George Egbert, C. C. Howard, W. Berger. 

— < ,,p . |.,,,.i . ..n.-nt specimens of business writing have 
V,e,:.,, ■.,,,(■ M. Leshor. Wood's Business College, 
Carl I I ' .. I It represents the work ot several 
of I .11 .sunerfluoua lines have boon omitted 
auil 111 ,, !i. • it was written with coarso pens at a 
good rate..f spi-cd with tree movement. The best writers 

"\ E. Coon V"iriKenSfyT Ada LutcyVo. Nicholson, Willis 
Jones, W. Jones, J. Nolan. 

I'liMlr Srhoiil Wiirli. 
-The best movement exercisers arranged in the form of 
de.signs that we have received this year, and as good as any- 
thing that we have over seen, have come from the pup"s of 
Mias M. Cdiswellof the Paterson. N. J.. Iliu'h>..l. The 
writers are iiupils in the Junior Co 

Minnie Brauer. Sadie Lew 

with blue ink. 

A man of the best parts and greatest learning, if he does 
not know the world by his own experience and observation, 
will be very absurd, and consequently very unwelcome in 
company. He may say very good things, but they will bo 
probably so ill-timed, misplaced, or improperly addressed 
that he had much better hold his tongue.— C/ie«ter./ie/d. 



of exceptionable quality and low in pries. The sample book 
of these papers will andonbtedly be mailed to all interested. 

practical ^ammar and letter-wnter for business colleges 
and department schools, sample copies of which will be ready- 
to mail by May I. They report business on the boom and 

ch assistance to a student 
_ ,_ but Mr. Allard seems to have 

r that is a genuine help. It is both low priced 

time, and without wHiminK to l*Aar on this mibject too much 

Hhouldorti to the 
frlendu and aiwoclatefl 
OM poastble. 

helj)8 just that^mucb. 

would stop' to L ^ . 

effort to Bend us hW UstH. In the first place the subscriber 
' * "*" In addition It spreads the light i 

himBelf is benefited. ... . 

Kard to ivrlt^nK. drawing, and helps the c 

tf ,,_ , onvert and undoubtedly 

3 of dtood writing. In this 

Kvory reader 

3 of practical 

uducatton. _ _,^ „ 

makett other converts for the c . 

'^jy l'^°'P^ **'*' profession and the various fields of work of 
which TiiK JouMNAListhe champion. Whatever helps the 
of good writing and whatever ennoble.s the calling of 

the teacher of 

cannot fall to benefit 

and those who are to follow them, a sing 

Journal placed in the right hands may bt 

. drawing and commercial branchcL. 
3 already engaged m the profession 
" '"" "' ■ ■ gle copy of The 

_ , ... , ^„i, uuutiH may be the means of 

doing a groat (k-al of «.,<,<! for writmi;. drawing and practical 
ation in lln- .■..,,M,inriif y - -I - nnr^,- w .!■. lint overlook 
act tnuf 1'^ ii\' --III.-. iiIfiJ' ;u[<I' i| I'i 'I'lr I Iiit'llNAL'B list 

fsTMKj';" "^ *i,.ri-' ili.-i i^in- )i HM-f^iK-roua, The 
i'"i'' iiiilu'i!' '■ wii have. Con- 

tlu; Inrgo and growing classes 


tHKiuentlv ' 

and more. ' 

ofpooplowho read The Journal. All 6if this 

Journal morally and financially and enables us to make a 

better iwpcT, If wp cnn believe what hundreds of our friends 

have written wp imvi^ iiion-than kept faith with them in the 

woy of making- ,.m|.,,, , , isiromtime to time, and in giv- 

iipor which they_ are proud to 
iper that is considered one of 
'if America. We desire to im- 
eiid its influence. We shall, in 
ur level best, and we hope our 
gaged in field work will hold up 

ing the 

have ronrcs' ], 

the leading 'i. 
prove The .I« 

past, do 
:lvelv en 

our hands with big subscription lists, 

We send postal card 
are carefully addns 
received, ond the pjij.. 
can got them off. it \n\ 
work, consequently \\ . 
thing. Just ut this SIM- 
woeks UOiInd In mallinj; 
our friends need not l 
JnUHNALB within that t 

f they do not get their 

1 Writing Machine Co.. -m Broadway. New 
irers of the Caligpaph Tvnowriter, have just 
iiidsiiuie new riital()^;ui> wlji<'h they are send- 

~\'*' ','"';;'"' -''■'! HI 1 V i-iw ,i.-i-s, I recently 

exceedingly wrii 
brought out 1a I 
the good wonriii^ 
saying that it i;^ 
repair bill after 
make a specialty 
plies of all kinds. 

■^iMu -^ ^iM.arlhiihir. lovrrbt-ard the con- 
vi\\ 11^, T--.. I ihrCaligraph. all of whom were 
pu n-i ri \v III, the machine. One strong point 
111 s,. ( ,ii]i;i,,|)U users was the durability and 
: quiilitif.suf the machine. Thevall unite in 
t an easy machine to take care of and the 
years of service is trifling. This company 
of typewriter pap ^ •■ ' 

Joseph Gillott & Sons. 01 John street. New York, are 
known the world over as manufacturers of standard steel 
pens. They make a great variety of pens that appeal espe- 

In spite of hard times and the general business depression 

9 continually branchii 

" Satisfaction guaranteed or money refunded " is the way 
J. B. Mack. Nashua. N. H . puts it in his ad. about his new 
works on penmanship advertised in another column. This 
seems like a fair offer. He is offering a great deal for $1. 
Mr. Mack has made a special study of signature writing. 

5ome Pointers About Border Designs. 


In the accompanying cut is shown a border which 
can be used with appropriateness for almost any 
kind of an ad. The fleur-de-lis figure is now used 
in decorating almost as esteasively as the acanthus. 
and its modifications are as numerous. 

First lay out the dimensions of the border in pen- 
cil. It is not necessary to sketch in all the figures 
freehand. Take a pencil and draw two — the large 
one in the upper left hand corner and the smaller 
one below. Work on them until you are satisfied 
that they are as near perfect as you can make them. 
then go over the pencil lines with ink. Now take 
these two figures which you have just fimshed for 
models and make tracings of them and trace in the 
others, thus saving much time and labor. I suppose 
every one is familiar with the tracing process, but 
if there should be any who do not understand it, I 
shall be pleased to explain the process in a future 
number of The Journ.m. 

The last thing to do in making this design is to 
rule the straight lines. Work carefully and not too 
fast. Send me your best efforts, and to the one who 
sends me the best copy before May I. 1H1H>, I will 
send a bos of Ames Best Pens. Use good paper, 
good black ink, and make the design twice the size 
of the one given here, and the winning specimen 
may be printed in The Journal. 

The Remnant 

I bnrk numbers of The Pea 
ill bo sold, ill lo(«* or*25 ai 
t one cent each. \o dui>li< 
lit to duitlicate any you inn 

The bulk of th 
on of twenty yearn, lia 
- Jnu. and Feb. Only 
niii. Send the inoiiey i 

eu4l you iittrticulnr 

t by our ofl'erH 

A SUCCESS from the START. 

The Natural System of Vertical Writing. 

By A. F. NEWLANDS and R. K. ROW. 

A Few Early Opinions,-==:^>' 

*'•'>'■* E. Hll.l.. Siiptri'faor or n'nmnnaWp. SPBISoriELD. Mass. 

learhrrof „.;;'"''*. "^^^ -i^thorough undcrslandinR of his subject, and was the first 
lrh,;,u "•j«""'»ns'»P on this side of the Atlantic to introduce vertical writing into the 
has . ain!?H <'f?"^'« Krcat credit for being the pioneer and for the great success that he 
nasattaincd. I have nodoubtof his ability to make a very excellent siries of copybooks." 

I». T. AMES, £lifor n-„man-» 4rt Journal. 

dcepi^t^^i^Ktes";;^;^';^'^^-'^^— i"^-L:;^;';ji^Ui^ 

1 our judgment, more competent to make a sys- 

«nd o} it. There is no one in Amer 
tern of vertical writing books." 

.MAIl Y I,. 0-»EItAN. Ttacher of PI- 
taught the Newlands and R 

yinccd that it is tTie best system in cverv i 
ished. The system is superior, I think, 
of the capital and small fetters. In the 
of vertical writing, and the teachers are 

. Normal School, OSWEGO. N. Y. 

— ^j„„m of vertical writing, and am 
pect. The labor in teaching it is greatly di 
any other in regard to the distinct forma 
lin, our city schools have adopted this svs 
:ry anxious to see the copy-books." 

SPECIAL FEATURES.-Simplicity. Legibility. Strength. Harmony. 
Practicability. Economy. Individuality Illustrated Copies. 

Six Books. Each, per dozen, 75 Cents. 

D. C. HEATH & CO., Publishers. 


■ 100 LESSONS 



Seymour Eaton's noted book handsomely buiiiid in clolh. 


Kiipifl ndditioii made easy. Busines.s fractions, and how to handle them. 
Deriiiinl iiumliLis and what they are good for Vuliiablc exorfisps lor 

pKH I II- ^hr.H ,uts in flKures. How to make rl -> I !■ \\ u, murk prices 

ijf - I w I . - irid pay roll Losses and - > ■ i 

1,1 , I , . ! ■ I ^ How to speak and writ* 

bu-iii- -- 1 I n r r s. postape laws. New nut ii. ■; ..i . . > 

The use 

This book formerly sold at SI a copy. We have a few that we 
want to close out. Wo think these prices will move them. 
aile our supply lasts. 

202 Broadway, New York. 



Attention I 

Do vou desiit to plate voui-setf un'l 
Instruc-tionof one of the k-adinx tV 
and Teaehers in Ameriwl. at little e.v 
and ncilossof time? 

Lessons bv Mail in all branches of 
in.inship- Tuition low. 

Write for information at onee. 
F. W. TAMBLYN. 8111 Olive St., St. Louis 




See Here I 

lave you tried my new 
Artists' " or Diamond 
Hobs Ink ? If yon hove 
not, then you don't know what you Ijove missed. I 
will sell you sir Rood sized bottles for 81. 


6s North Clark Street. - CMICAQO. ILL. 

"^^gP^^c/enmaAA Q7ut0^uJUuU& 





O tbOUJUOdll or HU-UOKTAphi 

kr« hunrtrpd«of writent of i 

did It rtHi-lvc th«- ixcliwlvc 1 

KNIN tihortband ttlwted above allotht 

\ whiTf 1')0 puplln are oCudj-lDg It ? 

1 ailnpt^l by over 500 of the lea<linj? U 

t enthusiastically everywhere ? 
le old Hhaded and poMlllon Hyiil4!au changing off to the 

f taught in the Brooklyn 
crsltles. Colleges. Academies i 

Because ? S 

I convinced of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 

.able of the hlk'he. 

.pe«>4l, and adapted 
POSITION, few word Hlgnsi. yoweU follow .consonantajtn ihe 

iprebensloD of the 

i/ECAUSEUcanbelenntwr for practical u»e In w lb 12 WEEKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS. 
They feel Ihe ne«d of a more facile and legible shorthand. 
It wan adjudged the BEST of all shorthand syBteins In use. 

Complete SEJ^F-JN^_Tll|:rTOK, 82.fMi. Money r.-fiiiiil<-il If not satlsfaotory. lessons by MAIL 

. II. y\. PEHMN. 



bleiMlng. No dlnjolned vowels. N. 
poKlIlonH. No arbitrary wordnlgns. 

T. C. STRICKLAND, East Greenwich, R. I. 

TWO Dozen pens 

11 CENTS. 

Or, otic dozen iind i 
(HOld by sonif iji" 
Or, Method Rultiii 

Holder Ini-lu'l' •• 
Or, Iwodozoniicti- i 
Onedon>nntiIl.iM. ■ 
OlIlotfK tiiil V- .. 

Forr> 'l. ■■■!. Ill -''i' 

>lif|ue Penholder 

»», 3 If. I ouegrosa, 
all for books— send 

P. B. S. PETERS, storm Lake, Iowa. 



Work uniform. 

1 trial 

reliable. Send for 

Are You Alive ? 

Are you up to the times? Keep 
up with the march of progress and 

Aluminoid Pens. 

The smoothest and most durable 
pens ever introduced. Send loc. 
for samples worth douhle. 

A. L. Salomon, 

177 Broadway, - - New York. 


What reasons arc given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand flanual 

iColumbian Revision- 16th Edition) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 


Pric« of the lltthedttion. reviBwl to <latc. tl.a). Proper discounts to Schools and Booksellers. 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

tr Scttoot proprittors trixhing to communicate trllh thomui/hlu tfflcirnt teachers o/ Dau's ^U^tem are ini-u 



>.lionl iirunriplor trill be inlrrrnD'd Id Ihc 
Jniiuary. Februnr; and Mnrch. Spnd '25 
*MKS A- lllll.blNSON CO., New York. 



r Why :„»^, 

^^^^ VOli 




si.Mixi;, in;u 

Get " Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor," 250 pp. Price, $1.50. 

Adopted by Ihe I'liblir Sibuoln ol Now Vork Cil>, lliooklyii. Mc. 

Speciiiicii Fniira, Alphabet niid Full Itiilen lor WrllinK. for Ihe 

ISAAC PITMAr< & SONS, 33 Union Square, New York. 

TAKE LESSO.NS at tlie M,^tropolltan soliiX)! of Isaac Pllmaii shorlliaiul. 15tl Fifth Ave. iNcw rrc» 
BulldlDR). N. W. Cor. 2(tth St.. N. Y. RjipUl and TIiorollKh lndtvl,lual iDsIructlon. TypcwrltlllB. Moders 
Circulars free. Dav and Evening instructiwn. Elevators nmnluK until 10.30 p. in. 

The Benn Pitman System of 
Phonography in Parliamentary 
Reporting, ^^^__^«^«.i^m^ 



My own view is in favor of Isaac Pit- 
man's system as it was published abont 
1850. Of course, his books of that date 
are now out of print, and the nearest ap- 
proach thereto now attainable is Benn 
Pitman's Manual. If I were startins to 
learn now, I should get Benn Pitman's 
Manual and other books and follow 
them. — Dennis F. Murphi/, Official Re- 
porter of the United State!) Senate. 


We use Benn Pitman's system of short- 
hand. Some years ago I studied Isaac 
Pitman's system, Graham's. Munson's, 
Hoyt's, and others, and from each got 
some useful hints ; but I finally settled 
do\A'n to Benn Pitman's as being the sim- 
plest and most practical of all. I found 

it the easiest system to leani. and when 
learned the most legible. 

To illustrate its legibility, I may men- 
tion the fact that this session my brother 
happened to be here during the debate on 
the Address, and although he had not 
written shorthand for three years, he dic- 
tated my notes with perfect ease and ac- 
curacy, transfen-ing them to phonograph 
cylinders at the rate of over two hundred 
words per minute. It is possible that 
this is done by writers of other systems, 
j but I do not remember any such instance. 
When asked to recommend a system of 
shorthand. I always the adoption 
of Benn Pitman's. I recognize the fact 
that there is more in the writer than in 
the system ; but the facility with which 
Benn Pitman's system may be learned 
and used renders it, in my judgment, 
supei'ior to all others. — Oeo. C. Holland, 
Official Reporter, Canadian Senate. 

For full information with complete catalogue of text-books by Benn 
Pitman and Jerome B. Howard, giving wholesale, introduction, exam- 
ination, and exchange prices, address 




Send me your name and address on a 
postal card, and receive by retnrii mail a 
lar^e specimen (»f lettering done with the 

together with full infonuHtion and cut of 
the pen, exact size. See January ad. 



2 to 10 Sandusky St., Hiiegtieny. Penn. 



Gold Medal, Paris Exposition, 1889, 
And the Chicago Exposition Award. 



The best cta«s book published on the subject 
Sample copies 35 cents. Seiitl for circular. 
Address. C. V. CARHART, 
425 Clinton Ave., Albany, N. Y. 


Beside the large vnrk-ty nf ju-ns fur all s<^rU o( buol- 
uesHand extra Que writing, wblcb have bud a world- 
wldesale for over flfty years, we make the following 
strictly professional pemt, of wblcb Kamplea will be 
sent as Hpecllled : 

Sua. 200. 291 and 069 (Crow Quill), at the rate of three 

No. lOOOfthemofit dfllcate pen niHdei.BlxcenU* each. 
The oost ..f these penw 1« »<ieh that FREE SAM- 


HENRY HOE. RoLK A-iENT. 91 John Street. Sew York. 


iMN-l^ JJ?ii§ '?rWi ^rlvui' 'i^ 



O.IAHA BUSINESS COLLEae, coraer isth uid 

F/irn«ii,. oiuttlia. Nt-»>. OMi-nI. larK. - ^- - ■- 

tiiiiniMji and U;]fKrap>i c'lurtM'!.. 1 



E. J. H£B». 


_ _' ;iO yearn' experience Icarhen Shorthand. 

llandaomeHt lu-hool ijuari'T:^ In Indiana, ^leva- 
tor, electric llf(ht,Hafi and Hieam beat. Wrll« for 
Information. "JOrKNAL BUILDING." Monument 


atioIlN, Irid. Knd'jnied by State .Superintendent of 
l'iil>li<' InKtriK'tlon. leading educators and bual- 
K. ¥.. ADMIKE. Prt 

tstobliahcSTidfeo.'^^ BusTnesa Coilese Co* 

IHasbrille, JLcnn, 


city. Mo . I» the oldest, lorflest. best buBlness col- 
jej{c In the We«t, ThorouRh Instruction Riven In 
rxxiket'itinR, nhorthand, lypewrltlnK. telegraphy, 
etc. t*iitalotaie free. Establlshecf 1860. J. F. 
Hl'AI.DlNO. A.M..Pre«t. 





K. Principal. ' 


I I WRITING, StamfortI, Conn. 

' I ""kkeeplDK. Bnnkltig, Penman 

ii..ii.i, I utewrltlnK, Telegrai>lii. Eng- 

ri iukI An-hlt^cture. Terms of tuition 

Send for eatulotftie. M.A.MERRILL. 






Jod*. Cal. one of ihe best established an<l5nf»t 
Buecessfui e<lucatlonal Instltoilons of the WlQc 
Slope. Special Penmanship Department In charge 
of C/E. \VEBBER. H. B. WORCESTER. Pres. 

or :» ye 
go. 12,< 


MERCIAL COLLEGE. Klttredge Building. Denver. 
<'ol.i. Comblne-l ('ours.'. Practical Shorthand 
t>ttlcc, W. A. WOoDWoRTH. President. W. A 
McI'HER-SON. B. A.. Manatter 1^-y 



Academv. Shorthand, Typewriting and Telegraph 
Institute. Send for catalogue. San Antonio, 


CATALOGUES of The CaplUI CItv Commercial 

MEHAN h MeCAULEY. Des Moines. Iowa. These 
Institutions are flrst-class business training schools. 




ora. Ont.. SHAW 

7 wo jrreat Cttuadluii CoUegfs under < 

tario. ^Hlhyear. W. B. ROBINSON. J. W. JOHN- 
SON. P. r. ,\ , |.i-lnrlpiil< r.T 19 years. Most widely 

kllevllle. Ontario. Cau. 
PERNIN-^M I I .~tl(ikTMAND-E«sy, fast, read 

at li - I ,.,[,,•, I. p. J. SNELl". Truro. 

•Rorrb Carolina. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL., Charlotte, N. C. 

XIDlest Wicfltnia. 


jyiu'ellllK, W. Va. J. M. FltASHER. Prlu. qii<( 



A. n. U ll.T. I'r.-jdriil, I.ouk pstnldlshed. Tlior- 

■Wew l2orh. 


tr'e,.,n','u!';,ii"',l',i ;',!■•""'"'"?,"• ^'.- >" <""'»I"«<1™ 
C WKIiISt IVh"'^ II" '" '"''■"'■'■■ HE.SRY 


ha„,l'i,„l''ll. ■ 

I ihorthand />vi 
>. N. Y. 


"'.•...' >ii liiMllutlon of wide reputation, re- 
, eiMHK a .^arfl>rllW pntroiiOKU. 


• York. N. Y 


flS fl NflTlOH Bmericans Wani me Besi. 

Underhill's Rapid Phonography 

t»-THB CSE OF CUTS on f»« page or anu 
departure from the general tti/le ofduplay Kill 
■cosf 40 per cent, extra. 


nd English 

No Vacation. Day aud 

night session. Pensucola, Florida. 


UNIVERSITY SCHOOL. New Orleans, La. The 

leading schoiil In the South for Penmanship. Its 
English and Coni'l Courses are not excelled. Two 
copies or elaborate resolutlooa, size 18 x 24, sent 

iWiTltlng. SS-'O; • 3 lessons In freeh _^. 

>0: an elegant flourish. 35 cts.; the fluest of 
I writing per dot. IScta.: caps, lOct*. Designs 
.1 Iklnds made for t>infriiv|nir. 

orld. Manufactured by 

/rcc. Special prices to dealers. 

SAVE YOUR MONEY by ordering your Auto- 
matic Shading Pens, Shading Pen Diks and Sup 
plies of the " Automatic Man." 

with 7y 
schools. Can t 

Rlaln and artl 

Ems\7tc.. tex 
ees ■ ready an; 
E. ft." cafe Pk 

public, normal and com'l school tralniixg 
" ■' i^.xpcrlfiK'e In public and comT 

!.:• , I ill,! .iircoin'l branches, 

■ !■ " -ii.,i-(iiHud, t>pewTl^ 

N - *v,& H.. Practical. 

e, with bus, coll. 

and pub. school tralulng; tine, plain and i 

icher of bookkivp.. rapid calculation. 

-h standarxl 

s oiH'ii for engak'i'ti 
hclglifit ft.;' KM,!, I 

P. M. SISSON. Penman. Newport, R. I. Your 
name on 1 dozen cards, fancy and business cap- 
itals, business letter and a beautiful souvenir, all 
for lU 2 cent stamps. 

i olWrltlng, 

Cincinnati. O. 

IS JNO. F.SIPl^. car* 



I 111! to the best; ao ^ 
I " Invaluable to PEN- 
rk and circulars free. 

thousands. LEARN TO WRITE YO 
" " A-rltten In full, t 


Prln. Com'l Dept. 

Unstruction :fiS\> /iDail. 

plain. I 

. natusch] 


c shading and steel pen artist and Instructo 
.AiMiowledjired by fine artists to be the finest auto- 
matic shading uen artist In the land. Will chal- 
lenge the world to produce finer work. Flourished 
design (or your scrap book. 15 to 25 cts; Dick's 
favorite pen holder, 10 ets; 1 dozen Favorite steel 
lOets; 1 dozen a.ssurted cards name written, 
dozen flourished cards 

r-hand capitals. 2 

ness capitals. 85 cts: I sheet shading pen work. ^5 
cts: now to make all kinds of shading pen Inks, k5 
cts; brilliant black Ink receipt, 25 cts: I sheet 
sbadlnepencapltals. SScts; hut or coat mark on 
silk rIbDon, made in colors with pen 85 cts ea^ h- 
lx>ok mark same as above. 81; receipt for dupli- 
cator and Ink. .V) cts. Send 5 cents for sample 
of duplicator printing. 

D. S. HILL, Penman. Draughon's Bus. Coll., 
Nashville, Tenn.. beautiful flourish lO cents caps 
business and fancy 10 cents, mall course $3 w 
canls 15 cents. All kinds of order work. 

ways of writing It. mth Instructions ; or send ni*- .. 
2-cent stamp, and I will send you, addressed in m v 
own hand, price-list descriptive of lessons by muil. 
extended movements, tracing exercises, capitals, 
cards, flourishing, etc. P. S.— No postal cards 
need apply. **.]?, 

A. D. TAYLOR will send you his National 
Course of T^venty Lessons In Writing for only Ten 

R. M. JONES, Pen Artist, iSia Mary St., S. S. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One doz. assorted cards, 25 cts. , 
luiKjue specimens of pen work, as < 

spondence solicited. 

scriptlon of ornamental pen work to'ordei 
lutlons engrossed from |;1-5U„upward8^ Corre- 


B L. GLICK. New England Bus. Unl.. Lowell. 

Mass. 1 doz. Signatures, on cards— something ele 
gant, 30c. ; Business Capitals, 20r. ■ Plourtslicfl swji n 

Mass. 1 doz. Signature! 

nt,30c.;Buslne " 

I beauty, 25c.; 
ine work Is not 
erly adjusted. 

auteed. Saiui>les lo.i-nts. Circulars free. 

McPherson. Kftn.-Arilstie letter. Hve 2-cent stamps. 

'Mant" Ui>B. 

In aumvering advertUementa sigried by a Jiom-de- 
plume, delays and mistakes a/re avoided by eealinu 
and sUtmping the replies ready for mailing and 
wHting the nom-de-plume in a comer, then inclm- 
ing mch sealed revliejt in an cHuetoue addressal Ui 
The Penman''8 An Journal, 2os Brnadwau, Next 
York. Pontage must be sent for forwarding Cata- 
logues, Newitpapers. Photographs, Ac. 

Situations TRIlante&. 

-VCHEItS' bureau' 

: the University ol 



_ School and have 
teaching. Have degr 
Can teach math.. Ec.„. , 
physiology, law, botany. ■ 

com'l teacher and ppiiman. Kuiiilli.n ^^l^^ -i,,]i,i,ii i 
text^: good health; age aS: weight i ". ■ In IlIii :, ir 

11 In.; unmarried. Best references \'. .mi, i. i ,r. 

salary wlthgood school In large town \il.|r.-, ■ v < ■ 
D.." care Penman's Art Jodrsal. 

1AM A graduateof a bus. coll. and Penn. .State Nc.r 
School ^nd have hcen professionally trained fiu 
of Bachelor of the Eiemeni.s. 
Literature, book-keep., pen.. 
.., . -i", uui^uy. civil gov't, music, elocution. 
.\ge •^5: unmarried; strong references; ready any 
time; moderate salary. Address " L. S. E.," care Pe-h- 
MAS's Art Jochnal. 

I A. II A graduate of a good high school and literary 
coll. and have had ocf viT.r'- t.j-hliic: • \|Mr).ii. i- 
Can leach pen.. hook-k<'i-]> .nirii f..ur] \>\\ ,|,. ii 
geog., and club swlngliiK i-..imiIi,ii' vs m, ^.,.\\. .- - w 
S R.. B, & S. texts. HelKln.-,rr 'ii,. ,,..,_-]a ;-,7;i,. 
age 22; unmarried; gomt r. [iit'iii,--. \'. \,u~. • ■-,, 
teaching position. Will t.ik- lnw ~.iil,ir\ r'.iU ^,ii( 
Ist. Address"R. A. B. " care PknmanV Art Jol^rnal' 

I A 31 A graduate of the Zanerlan Art Coll. and good 
bus. coll., and have had3yrs. bus. experience. Can 
teach plain and *-^ • ■ - ■ 


VTEAt'IIER .r- yr< 
yrs. teaching cxperlct 
mal coll. tralnluk'. Is open 

Coll. I can teach pen,, t 

nking and office 

«, with 

, grammar, spell., book- 
crlenrc. Familiar with 
■ifhr inO; height 6 ft. 

ZTeacbers TKI^ante^. 

rpilK ITMI \N*^ AK'T 


'YY'E AUE often unable to present desirable can- 
didates for positions to teach commercial 
branches. Send for our Agency manual. 

C. A. SCOTT & CO.. 

no Tremont St.. Boston, 

:ind i6o Uab.TsIi \,,., Chicago. 
-yyE \\ \N-i- ......i.all 

hand teacher 

man. Address _ „„ 

Boreau. •^^>2 lirniiilwiiy, New York. 
iiA.- Mur. HI ti Ml, mmI und typewriting teacher 

1 shorthand 
, New York. 

'■ . .N. vv York. 
> [i..i<iiL'i'ti of penmanship, 
.iw In large school. Ad- 
. Teachers' Burbai;, io'i 

keep., arlth., etc. Familiar with W. 4 R. and 
"— '-. A«e2<; married: strong references; want 
salary: ready July 1st. Address " M. O. H.,* 


n'l teacher wanted. Ad- 


I Penman's art Journal 

public school 
H Art Journal 

■ who will take small Interest In schfml pre- 
r» Art Journal TEACUBR8' Be- 

ting for large bus. coll. One < 

s address PKNHA.t's ART Journal 


Shorthand. One who can teach bookkeeping or pen- 
manship preferred, and If capable and willing to do 
outside hustling, can maUrrlally Increase the salary. 

Address Penman's art Joubsal Teachers' Bureau, 
"-1 Broadway, New York. 

■tf^^^^^AmnA^> 0^/>oAuaiaS 


PE\N.— Te»ch*^ nf NVw lUpfd Shorthand waotPil- 

i,ifi Kmsdwsy. New York. 

PKNN. -Teacher of Kills syRt^tn and arltluneUc 
w«nb!<l. A«I(lr»iM Pkiib*^'" Ai.t Joubjial TeacheW 
BCREAl-. 2<'«.Hr»j«iIwiiy. New York. 

PKNN. \V..i]t.-<l, i;.«fl penman, tearher ofrom'I 
brail' t. \'I(lre*» Pkjijia^i'k Art Joi'i:- 

SAL 1 > ■ ■ - Broadway. New Vork. 

p^.^^. "f Hhorthand and com'l 

Ti.*' I'l ' ' i;('iudway. Sew York. 

PEW. A i.-a'hiT "f [M-nmannhlp anl commerelal 
hranehi<iie<>m|*eteat CO take entire chance of flchonl 
U wanted Itnineollarely. Addreiw Pekmax's AhtJuik 
KAtTKAr-iiElW Kt-BKAC. 2'-V Hroailwny, New York. 

PRNN.-Wnnt«<l u tearher of Eclectic 
and cnm'l hrancheti. AddreM Pe^HAM'n Ah 
Tkaciikkh' RcrkaL*. sou Broadway. Now Yoi 

PEN'S. -Allroiindcom'l teacher wanted. Addrexs 
pKKHAK'ft Anr J3t-RSALTEAcaBB8' BCKEAi'. 802 Broad- 
way, New Y-.rk. 

RIIOOK |H^AM).-A(lr8t class all-round pen- 
man anrl teacher of penmanship, arithmetic and 
com'l law wanted by a IcadlnR bus. col!. Sept. Int. 
AddreMo Pk-cma.i's ART Jourhal Tkacmkrm' Bureau. 
202 Broadway. New York. 

WIKCOXHIN. — (Iraham shorthand and type- 


nKFoiiK l^ Cyiy 

wrltlnK teacher wanted. Lady. Address Pe<iha> 



W IP.— Wanted, oll-rnund com'l teacher. Address 

Pe«m*i«sArtJ( - - 

way New York, 

TEXAS.— Commercial teacher 

PiNMAK-n AUT .lot tINAL TKArHKIts' ( 

way.Ni'w York. 

r JOUBRAL TEAC'HERa' DUKKAl'. 202 Bfoad- 

, 2112 Br. 

£u9tne9d (^pportuntttcd. 


drawhiK, etc,. The J< _.. __ 

I'oHHilily you have a pen. Ink, penholder or ^omethlnK 
of the kind to put on the market. You may want a 
partner for noine bUHlneiw enterprise, etc. This Is the 
":)pnt you In conmiuolcotlon with the right 

he niiiillor tii ndvaucc (89) the nilverttncr 
will III* cnlhliMl to a ihlid iiiNvrllon free, ft 

Foil HAI*K.-The ko.«I will ,....1 i.t,.f.-^ of a well 
advertised and wlilch u < i -■ i .i -- 1 1[ ihk li-snonH. 
Copper plate engravInK , H' " > i i !■ ii m-i sjn-iil 

III adverilHluu ; Internail i:<..sMiiror 

sullInK: confflcts with i.f. ■ ■ vmht. a 

KoodflilnK for a huHtlltiK i..i'. i u . i \.|.im-.s ■ WRIT- 
INO LESSONS." care Penma> s aht .Im knai.. 

WJ. KINSKRV. ao2 Broadway, New York. 
• writer of odvertlsemeutB and consulting 

Scbools ffor Sale. 

\v vor WISH i 

tell your school, > 
liort order and 
ainmerclal schcx 

will place what 

adv't In thetip col' 
say before them. 

The price U 8',2..'SO ench i 

111 lor In ndv 

■ iiuld 1 
in lie (■ 

re tfil.'J^ tfa 
third Inm 


Add res; 

p Pbkmak'k Art Journal. 

FOR SALE.— Half Interest In a thriving young 
school In a kTowliig town nf an.OOO ixipuiatlon. 
No debts. IHkIi.-i n-|.iu, , I-t,-„t I^• no oppo- 

Hltlou. Good s:i!n-> ■,s-in..l I loi,, thr .l:irr. Rare 
opportunity fi.i ^ i:r,_ i , i ,i i, ,, i,. i . Reason 

•■' ■! I 111 I.N Mj'l-i'.UTLTNlTY," 

for sellliiK. 

FOK - V I I . \ n ,! ti, ii huRlness college 
111 ' iiitiiibilAnta. lu one 

of til. Nil. ,1 , . ,1. ' '""■""*>'''>y,®9^jppv{'' 

CHANcA^Van-' I'Vin'man's ARTJoritNAL. ' 

ONE-IIAI.P or entire Inter- 
est in a well established 
huslQOBS enlletro in ludlnna for 

Well ndvertlsod. 
tuntty for good r 


FOR SALE.-The most Ihor- 
oughlv eiiulppvd business 
t-olloge In New Eugland. Located 
In afmauufacturluK city of 00,000 
Inhabitants and luor IS smaller 

By turning a crank one's hand can soon make o 
perfect circle. By the same principle, by traclup a 
grooved letter one's hand can soon make u ijcrfect 


alphalx-ts of capltal<^ 
' rd-boar ' 

r> line heavy card-board. 

By plarliiK a rinliitiil ir^ci-r in a grooved letter ex- 
ercise, and ninviiiK tliruUKli it again and agoln. the 
hand Is trained to the eorrect motion, and can soon 
make a perfect letter with the eyes shut. 

uick way to good penmanship Is to ui4i- 

' iL-;t«T one letter at a time. Bv 

,,i.,o„.a the teacher's only work 

iiii rh,. |.ye and band. These 

grooveil copii 

private liuiiii |u,»kUtr \m11 bi.- sent on receipt of sixty 

Prof. A. H. HINMAN, Worcester, Mass. 

Buyant&Str^tton MODERN 
Business College 


•LarfSestOldest-- Best- 



MosrLuxunousar Furnish ED Schooi'Am ERIC* 



secuREO Bnr siudenis 

Business Hims Supplied with Help 


Send for Catalogu 

FREE. For three one-cent sUmps 

calculable value 
to any one who is ambitious to write a first 
class hand. With the proper material at 
hand for practice and the use of this work 
the acquiring; of a distinct, elegant style of 
writing is merely the question of a'short 
time. It is the most comprehensive, com- 
plete and systematically prepared work of 
Its kind ever published. It pays to get the 
best and the best in this instance costs very 
little in comparison to the benefits derived. 
Do not delay in sending for it. 

" Modern Writing " which contains 
complete information and full instructions 
will be sent prepaid to any address upon 
receipt of the price, $2.00. 

Uemittniicrs can be made by P. O. 
Order. Retr sterwi Letter or Kank Draft 
on New York or IndinnujinUs to 
THE NATIONAL Pl'B. CO.. IndlanapnIIti, Ind. 


ami nin-it •i.-lcct iiudlence Interested In thlORs of this 

Iclii \ tint It <- I n,i|hU' to find. Vou may have some 
,1, , I 11 1 . ru I. (i;ind that you want to turn Into 
n ■ f'lr sonietblnRyoucan use. Try an 

I iM iM., . ,- >-2.,50 ench iuserlion f or nd«. 
nui 10 .s.«<.t one inch. It two inaeriinnN 
be nnid lor in ndvanee (85) the ndveitixer 
tvill be entitled to n third insertion Tree, it 

. prlCi 
of the Instrument. "PEN ARTIST. 
Penman'8 Art Joubnai- 

FOK SA LE.-A limited number of C'ompemllums 
iif v.Tfhfil l>i>niii:iii>ihl|i nt y.'i fciits each — one- 

I.. : ■■■ !■ I ■! f.TKet'u. ZAN- 

,.-„,: -V,,. 

dlllon" Price «*(. "PENM.iM." eare Fii.\MAN'i Art 

Scbool ffurntture an& Suppltes 
Ifor Sale or Ejcbange. 

A RR YOT' piiltltiR In new furniture, and would 

mu> l..ut.-i "iKit .u. ^.t I icr school Would like. They 
may tra*H' ymi sonuthlng you need for them, or may 
pay cash. An adv't In The Jodrnai/s wont col- 
umnH may save you hundreds of dollars. The Journal 

^ Mlnu-oifnii'li nu-wi No. 18. for use with type- 
riter. Win "til -t ■■, i.,n.'riln. Or exchanRe for ehlro- 
■aphl.' iniii I ,|.i, N.. i; Also. one.Slniplex Printer 
r ^jili 1m taken from tiie original. 

A. l;i: ^■ ■! ' . Ho. 

701t >*l,i. I I- 'II I II i;f tallies In good condition 

be paid for in advance '(S3> the ndvertiMer 
will be entitled to a third inBertioii free, it 


e good hardwood tables. 3!^ t 

._ has a dozen 

4 ft, looK, with larpe drowers suitable for bookkeep- 
ing, to sell cheap, or to exchange for nlc" ' 
cherry desks, 2<j Inches wide, with llftlni 

1 cheap, or to exchange for nice, nearly 

^ .„sks, 2<J Inches wide, with lifting lid and iron 


Plalnfleld. N. . 

each. Will be sold very low. Address MEHAN ft Mc- 
CAULEY. Des Moines. Iowa. 

FOR SALE.— Two Natlonol typowrltera, as good 
as new; one used one year and the other eight 
months. Price, for one. S2ft; for the two, *40. Ad- 


mamcs TMHantcJ). 

r New York or Ponn- 

^Ti, Rochester. N. Y. 

I butilue48"C. U.,' 


Pk!(Han*8 Art 
— .\ Mourlshlng 

t win not refus. 
'Qutrcd. Address " M. L. C.,' 

PCNHAN'8 Aht Jou 
t^^^i^A CASH will buy 
OOIHF a well (wtablltdied 
Tuition n-wtpta Janunrv. ncxrlv ?4( 
rvpniat on. Lt^ioaie^l In a cllv ofn e 
latlou. A spiendlil chance tor vonr 
Address " yaoo CASH," care Pk.<iian 

JFor Sale or XCra&e. 

HAVE YOI" some rare works on penmanship, 
»ome %*aluabte pen specimcuft, s«ime penntan^s 
^uppllea. or anjthing that you want to sell or trade 

II with pu»h. 

W so, an adv't 

' pen specimcuft, ! 
_^_g that you want to 
n thlH cotumn will talk i 

the lOTKest 


'•-yaimoA^ QTtit ClXut/utC> 


Supplies For Penmen, Artists and Schools. 

\¥/K HAVE received mo many calls for supplies for penmen, artists and schools that we have decided to furnish these goods to Journ.vl readers and their friends. Our 
office iM ri^jht in the heart of the paper dealers', pen manafactarers*. artist material dealers' and school furnishers' district in New York and we have exceptional 
oppfjrt unities to Helect the >>est gr)ods, which we shall furnish at lowest New York prices. 

HOW TO ORDER. Send money by P.O. Money or Ex|>ress Money Order, Registered Letter or Bank Draft. Stamps taken, but are at risk of remitter. SiaU w:j)[(ci(iy what is wantcil 
and whether to be sent by mall or express <»oods can be sent by e.T press only unless a mailio? price isg^ircn. Inks and other liquids are mailed In a patent ease (approved by the P. O. Dep't). 

prc39 office, express company and State very plainly. Xo accounts opened, no goods sent CO. D. unless asubstantial remittance on account 
ust accompany the order. 

CUT CARDS. (By express only.) 

make the description plainer. Th» aizo, welKht and price Indicate very closely the qutlHy. The scale of sliea shown herewith will aid In ordering. 
your ink and our time asking us to mail you 25 cards from a lot sfclltng a" *" *" - "- " * "'^ '" *• — '" "' 

Which prevents breakHRc- Write name, post office, 
(not lca» than $3) accompany iniar the order. Money 

It iit impoMlble U 
Notblnv !••••• t 
KemembiT lb 

Thi» board from v 

I by expren: 

1 1000. Cut cards are put up 1000 In a package and v 

t break packages. 




6 i27 






No. 00. CRANE'S S-ply BrUtol. 88 x «rt 

" ni. Hurd'H •■ ^* 88x28... 

■' flS. KrlBtoi Hoard, 88 x 88. per Mhcot. , 

" oa. Frencli Drlstoi Hoard, 84 xX4, perslici [ 

" 04. " " " 80x40, " 

•■ 00. Orey " " 28x88, " 

*■ DO. Block Card " 28x88, " 

BOHH Relief Hand Stipple Drawing Paper. For Photo-Engraving. 

71101. 14 ) 

If in.. 

I different surfaces, varying i 
..By sheet. 10.40. By doz., $4.f 


(BY 5IAIL.) 

1. ItLACK. No. l.Hnrd:Nn. 8. Moaiuni:No. a.Soft 

MiMd .let ninrk- Uoiind Tnpering. ^M in. long, each 8c.,. 

" " """• ■■ kulfe like wooj). For marking < 

perdoz. $0.80 

•• .60 

I wood, paper. 

..per slip. 6c., pL-rdoz. (mall) 


I All |...„,iL,.M.Iili,, .Irawing, B 

Esppolally fine, for penincn 
•iiiely boiiiul, large albuniH i 
tiiilii> Ml' pnper. 

No. 8381. Either American. Rh8i 
Senl. 0« X 8»^ In., 128 pages,. 

BOOKS, Etc. 

lip. ■ipcm-rr <mullt $1.00 

. <-ompl«'lt< in I'iKht partH. per part iniaili hu 

. bound voiupleie (math 7'50 

oomoaprplai anil shbrthaml and typewHtingpubllcatldns 'supplied "at 


QUALITY. (Slie2Si281n.) 







No. No. 1 No. 
8 28 j 20 

No. sl 
30 ,5| 


Berkshire Bristol, Wblte, XXX 

•■ xxxx 

■• xxxxx 

Pbo-liU Bristol, White. XXS 
















.60 .64 .09 
.04 ' .68 , .74 
.70 .73 1 .78 

.00 .70 .70 
.73 .77 1 .88 
.78 .82 1 .89 





Tradesmen's Bristol, White, XXX 









.87 .91 1 .00 1.10 
.90 1. 01 1.10 1.80 
1.03 1.10 ' 1.20 1.30 


Bartlett Bristol, White, XXX 








.96 ' 1.01 1.10 1.30 
1.03 1 1.10 1 1.80 1.39 
1.13 1.89 1.30 1 1.03 


Crane's Bristol. White and Cream, XXX . . 











1.18 1.24 1.30 
1.30 1.38 1.54 
1.42 1.00 1.00 

.73 .77 1 .83 
1.88 2.00 [ 2.20 






Excelsior Bristol, White and Colored, XX 






1.98 2.10 1 2.30 
2.76 . 2.01 1 3.23 


sheuts 82 X as in. XX r 

3 the varioua Brlstols denote the thickness or weigh 

ilb3.: XXX, 140 lbs.: XXXX, 100 lbs.; XXXXX, 180 lbs, 

SHOW CARDS (For Lettering Signs, etc.) 


Size 11 X 14 In., S5c. perdoz. and up. By mall, 50c. perdoz. and up. 

ck Cards, per 100 (nittlll 

•■ lOilO express 8 

CARD CASES^I^ various styles and at all prices. 


b.-iiik nnte p:iper is kept In s 
re: I's, .Vs. 10s.! 
tions of 1'8. 2'H, 5'8. lO's, 80'8. OO's. lOO's, OOO's and l.OOO'a, which a 

are proportioned so - - - •-- ■■ ■■ ■ " 

dollar c 

The, . . _ . . _ _._ . , 

strated to best meet the demands anl ■ u* ■ nn n 1 ir. Iumim - [f i ' i' ^\'*' cannot furriiah the Scrip in other 

' of genuine currency is made a 
to severe penalties. Our currency 
i upon application. 

Fractional Currency, per sheet, (10 notes) :i x 3>i lu."By c-x'press 

(15 " ) ■* *• 15 

Dlscouota; On $5 orders, IO5C; ? 10 orders, 15!t; $15 orders. 80?(; $20 ordera, aO?i. 

inations are : I's, fl's. 10s. 25 a 
proportioned i 

The proportion In which the dtffert 
_. ited to best mei 
proportions than t 

The use of coll 
serious offense by t 


I'RM E. 

■ return of mall or expre'i.i. The fraction 
jportlons : the bills are in the deuomlua- 
3 printed on sheets of 15 bills each. They 
me each of the 80, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 

Is that which Ions experience his demon- 

unh 1 


e.l In up-todate deiintiing. eni^rosaing anil pen and brush 

have all colors in list No. I. while 

iged these colors in two sets. No. I and Na.V." It Is ue 
those In list No. 8 will be found very useful. 

SET No. 1. 

Antwerp Blue (Mail.) 15e. , Lamp Black (ilall > 


Cobalt Blue 
Chinese WhI 
Deep Violet 
Hooker's C.i 
Indian Red 

White. . 

. flOc. ' Lemon 'Yellow 
I Payne's irrcv 
Vandyke 1 _ 
Yellow Cthre 

Burnt Sienna. 
Brown Maddet 
Cadniluni Yeli 
French Blue.. 
Indian Tellow 

H \* dimcnlt to send sUiKle brunheit by i 

iViUK t 

I' liruHh, Bi-. for H brushes, 8c. for a dozen, to pay posture. 
CAMKL IIAIK IIKUSHE^ (for Wash Drawing or Water Color Painting) 

Red Wooflo 

IlaiiillcN, nivlnl Fer 
No. 4>^8». Ciimfl Hair Br 

Kach I0o..doi. $( 

liability of handles breaklns. Afld 3c. to price for 
III Blnt-k and 

111 Hnndlen Nor. 1 to ]«. 1 ^^i- 

'< Eachl.ic.doz., $0.90 B'l 

-I'!, hy express, $8 00 
SET No. ',{. 
...Ific. ; Rose Madder 
.. 80c. Scarlet Lake 
... 8Ac. I Sepia... 
. . 8O0. ! Warm Si pla 
. . 30c. ' 

xpress, $8.50. 


Full Set, by e 

Both Sets by express $4.25. 

For PENS fWrltlnK.LetterlnK, DrawIncSocnnpr-kcn. <>tc,). MQI'fO INKS, rtc . hpp pa^o 1ki, AuffUsf 

05. .loviiSAL. For-iTli'K I\K. INK Sf.AIIS. INK KR » D IC 4 TO KS. •*«'<■ |'''v'.- yiU, Sfprcmhcr, 

■ »K. I'l-.Nrll. HOI.DF.K, h.'<- paKe 

,^. INK \\ i;r, I. ri i.LKks,<^tc., 

I J,-*. I'll' 

) li I i:iu:i{ I > 

iorU'd*t di«. .'.OH, I u. n .so Assorted H doz Nos. 7 10 1: 

(See InslrucUoDs about postage above.) 
Siborian Wash Brnataes, Ronnd or Plat. No. 4i50. SUes 1 too. 
•I- Each $0.25|No..|. Each 




\. \l l> 

\ 1,1. III. 

IH\ I llhK>. 

)^. itfll> 

, H1.«CK- 

L' Inwtructlnus about po.^tage above.) 

umber of The Joubxai. will be a SPECIAL PniLIC SCHOOL XmRKK an I 

s^Wo'ol",KS?'^2*^^on'''S^JiJ'i*'*^''"'^^^^^ evW public school in t" Unit 

. 01 u,uuu anauver. a. l.soo special toachers of drawluK In n — ' - - ~ 

l.>. eitASEKS, 


202 Broadway, New York. 

Writing Paper. 

Rcrlbcrsi. Advprtlsens who tfeslro 
reserve space early. Ko 

prf'parluv to leach av 

- tfeslro Co reach tl: 

close March 30th. 

AMES &- ROLLINSON CO., 808 Broadway. New York. 

PutU]. r '. lI, ■ . 

or Fr<-m-iii uc pi 
Scud casb < 

A Binder for the Journal, 

Neat, substantial and convenient, will besc 
ree with each SI subscription of The Journ.; 
)r will be mailed for 26 cents. 



! Broadway, New York. ' ■■^*** Uroadv 


B*K;h««t<T Biwln«w L'nivcrHlty. Rochester 
N, Y.. 1<» thf leadinK preparatory i»chool for 
comrccrcifll teachcni. Those who contemplate 
teflchinff the commercial branches or teachers 
who wlBh U» prepare for better positions shoold 
write for partl(rular». Beautiful catalogue and 
circulars sent upon request 


.ID Terkitobt. Used b 

:hc5T Officials 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contains ClOMiflfd LMv arut AddreMf» for tht entire 

r. S. Of aU 

1. ColleK«i. Female Seminaries and Acodemie*. 2. 

NoriiiiilS<"ho..U. H- BunltiCM CoIleBes. 4. Schools of 

Sr*.-n'- '. ^h.w.Uof Tbcolony. rt. Schools of L«w. 

7 V, 1 1- ,,r M. iiiine — ReKUlMr. Eclectic and Homte- 

,,;,. I,, - I .u i^f Denilstrv. 0. Schools of Phar- 
ri, , ii.^r1nt^ndeni«. 11. CountySuper 

li,r I : I, iillng— 12. City Superintendent*, 

i; Itm i; .1 It AMistants. etc. Gathered from 
Ufflflal ?->urr. s ami n-vUed to date of Issue. 
I'rice. «.5.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 


either relation, please read the follow- 
ine. which tells the whole atory as 
plainly aa we are able to do it. The cost 
of a single letter represents fully ten per 
cent, on a 50-cent transaction. 

Subscription Rates. 

THKl'KKHAN'n AitT JollO Al. for IHll'} wlll llC pUblUhod 

In two editions. The price of the rcnular edition will 
tie OOe. a year, without premium. Thin will consist of 
a minimum of twenty patfcs. Tho price of 
the other .-tlltUMi will h<- «1 n yi-nr. Including 
prlvlh'Ki ■'' ■■• I'"' '" < I"' ^1 i''lltlOD will 

Ih> k)i<>>~ < ■ I ■ .. .1,1 should be 

To Club Subscribers. 

<r an Jyou will receive no more papers unless you subsc 
. If you have found llic paper helpful we should be plej 
„. u»..F »r.«u,3i on OUT Permanent List, where you 
ly all the best known penmen and c 

EditUm onlu. jVo reduction Jor the rrffuiar edition. 

A Beautiful Stick Pin. 

XI:: ; 

Allh the 

Alt udvertlsementH go In both editions. 

Clubbing Rates. 

e News Edlrion will alio ti 

. sent to all preiem >ii 

Agents Wanted Everywhere. 

friends. It must be remembered that our margin is extremely ' 
slilfht and agents should be careful and economical with speci- 

Under no circumstance will any aubscrlptlou be 

«ntartd unlesH a< . <<3iii> >tii<-<t with cash. 1 

Permanent List. 

Since TUB Jon irly twenty years ago. 

rhich In- I 

It U our 

this list until 

iscontlnuance is desired all 

This paragi-aph niarhe(t 1 

sllsl. It Is 

, notlfyinic the 
'" :ontInuance 

r be by postal card) 

TtiBjoDRMAL completes i/out- year 

Changing Addresses. 

That Is to say, u. ,,, n Febru. 

chaitcine o( the < ■. nal. Wl 

WTitiac us direct. If jrou 1 
•Unp must be ciicIogteJ. W 

_j: JOURNAL ha 
tured from Us o* 

1 specially manufuc- 

amade In solid silvi 

w has the quill of s 

IhiK silver, and the 1 

Ifbr one dollar u-e wilt send The Joubnal 
for one year, and the solid silver pix. 
For one dollar and fifty cents we wUl enter 


The Journal (to different addrt 

I-lor two dollars we mill send fir 

sired), for one year, and the f 

dollars, three subs. 

subscribers may have t 

s avail themselves of this offe 

Works of Instructit 

I that this number of 
'he Permanent 

nHi othenHfr ' 

send the iMok 

no subs. (92) ■ 

with a year's subscription to any Amerloun periodical 
that sells fornot less than $1 a year, for :{5e. extra. 
For example. Thb Jodbnal with either The Co»mo 
volitan. Suneev'a or JfcC/urc's ilami^'ni. /*'/'"'"'' 
Educator. School Institute. Teacher's worhl. cte.. hoth 
papers one year. $i.3&. lu eomblnatloit with n perl- 
odlcal selling for not less than 92.50. The Joiusal will 
cost only \oc. .-xtra, .-xaniple. with .-Ither the 

ibWetr nf F'-'-i'-'- vv#.,.„i I .„„; W F, .Inuriial of 

JCducatii:. It, -:•■-. -, ^, , , 1,'., ,;„:(>).. K<tuva- 

r paper entering lu the combination y >u 
' say fio. in order that your tluic may be extended 

sary to write 
— ^v — j.guch _ . _ . 
and unalterable. 

such-and-such a perU>dlcal c 

'What will The Jors 

' The above schedule 
t send alotig the money 

ai\ make checks. 



WILLIAMS & ROGEIU^, Educational 


KocuESTKR. N. Y.. Jan. &'». 1806. 
The fact that wc have used half a uage 
of space Id The Penman's Art Journal 
every month for the past ten years, and 
have contracted lor the aaiue amount of 
simee for several years to come, demon, 
strates pretty conclusively, we think, our 
nood opinion of the value of The Jour- 
nal as an advertising: medium, our satis- 
" ' "-'til "Ket up 

our ads, ari< 
accorded 11 
iiictit. Wi> 
and unboiiT 



Mt that hnslK-en 
I r\AL mana^- 
i> vAi, continued 



\.\ tH* told last month 

how^ it covered 

the commercial 

school field — 

1,600 commer- 
cial schools, 12,- 

000 proprietors 

and teachers, 

and 150,000 students. This month our story rebtes to another large and grow- 
ing field which Th e Journal covers nearly as completely as it does thai 
of the commercial schools— THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. There are hundreds 
of full-fledged commercial departments in the Public SchooLs of the United 
States and Canada. There are thousands of Public Schools that teach Book- 
keeping, Writing, Drawing, Shorthand, Typewriting^ and the majority of 
the teachers of these branches in these schools read The Journal. 

The Journal also reaches the teachers of these special branches in 
practically all of the State and independent normal schools and private schools, 
academies and colleges in America. 

The Journal reaches hundreds of State, county and city superin- 
tendents of schools, and thousands of grade public school teachers. Many 
public schools have a copy for each building, where it is read by a dozen 
teachers and hundreds of students each month. 

Advertisers having anything to 

say to people interested 
fields covered by The Journal 
(Penmanship, Drawing, Commer- 
cial, Shorthand, Typewriting, and 
Practical Education), can say it 
through The Journal, and 
reach more people at less expense, 
tlian they can through any other 
medium in the world! 

For advertising rates, address 

Hmes Oollipi] Co., 

202 Broadway, New York 


F. J. TOLAND. Publisher "Toland's 

President Wisconsin Business University. 
Lacrosse. Wis., Feb. 3. ]89ii 

In placinj? our order 1 or increased spaw 
ve take pleasure in stuiin;: iIkii tin' >:i[ii 
s a matter of busini'ss, mmi -, m im. ni 

advertising, and, with unu u.^itptiun, it 
has been a good investment. 'I'lu- n-sults 
secured by the last ad. which wesi'iit you 
should ffo on record. We have thus far 
receiveci one hundred cash orders on a one 
ineh, one time ad. If our two inch ad 
Rives anything like as good results, we will 
continue enlarging. With best wishes, 
we are. Yours truly. 


rette most 1 


Constitution, each. 

for badges of all de.-tcrlptlons 

The " Lawyer and Credit Man 
and Financial-Trade-Press Re- 
view " covers the field of credits, 
commercial law, banking and 
general business. Every busi- 
ness college should see that 
its students read it. Send 10 
cents for sample copy. 


Times Bldg., N. Y. City. 


25 CENTS. 

Like Picking 
Up Money.'' 

So says one of the many who 
have sent their $i for ■• The Bus- 
iness Journal" one year and the 
Celebrated Lincoln Fountain Pen 
—and it sizes up the matter to a T. 

You get the full money's worth 
in the paper. You get free a fine 
Gold and Hard-Wubber Fountain 
Pen, unconditionally warranted to 
do all that any $3 fountain pen 
will do. and to give you entire 
satisfaction, or every penny of 
your money will be refunded. No 
questioning of your decision. No 
part of your money withheld for 
papers sent, or for postage, or for 


It is our way of advertising 
" The Business Journal " into im- 
mediate prominence among busi- 
ness people. Paper without pen 
will cost 50 cents a year. 

Be wise to-day ! 

The Business Journal, 

1 202 Broadway, - New York. 


ifi^^f^^ QL^^^c aXt 


^ A New Edition 

Osgoodby's New Phonetic Shorthand Mmoil has s«urcd such a wid« in- 
troduction and given such exceUent satisfaction that the last edition is ex- 
hausted, and a new edition — the eighth — is now in press. This edition 
will be as nearly perfect in every particular as human knowledge and skill 
can make it, and it is confidently believed that the book will have no 

Teachers and students who are seeking a system of shorthand that is prac- 
tical, teachable, up to dale and one that combines the greatest legibility with 
the highest speed, should send for a copy of Osgoodby's New Phonetic 
Shorthand Manual, eighth edition. 
Sent post paid on receipt of $1.25. Liberal discount to schools and teachers. 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers. 


Business Correspondence 

When well taught is one of the most valuable studies in the business course. 
It is also one of the pleasantcst to teach if pupils and teacher are provided 
with the right kind of a text book. Teaching correspondence without a 
text book is drudgery. 

Williams & Rogers' Business Correspondence is tlie joint work of several 
teachers and business men, and has been thoroughly tested in hundreds of 
schools, where it has given the greatest satisfaction. It contains more and 
better material for drill in correspondence than any other book published. 
Qoth, 75 pages, elegant script illustrations, 40 cents post paid. Liberal dis- 
count to schools and teachers. 

WILLIAMS & ROQERS, Publishers 



An Accurate Pocket Map 

Every Student 


Is a handy thing: to have when you are in the house, at 
school, or on the roai We have had such a map of near- 
ly every State in the Union and ako of the United States 
engraved and printed for us by one of the largest map 
houses in the country. 

We will send you one of these pocket maps — cither of 
your own state or of the United States — to your address, 
post paid, on receipt of 10 cents, coin or stamps, or three 
maps for 25 cents. Order now before the supply is ex- 

WILLIAMS & ROQERS, Publishers. 

.,11 ST. PA UL ST.. - - - ROCHESTER. N. Y. 

And teacher of commercial law should have a copy of our 
Test Questions in Commercial Law, with Answers. This 
book contains over 200 of the most important questions in 
commercial law with full and explicit answers, arranged in 
convenient form for reference. This book will be found 
valuable to teachers for class and examination work, and 
to students for testing and perfecting their knowledge of 
the subject, and for review. 
Paper cover, 62 pages, 20 cents, post paid. 

WILLIAMS & ROQERS, Publishers. 


.%^%/%/^%/%%/%%/^%/%%^%/%%/%%/%^^%/%%.%%, %%'< 

Full As 
. . . An Egg 

— meat from start to finish — not 
a stick of legal lumber but that will 
prove vital to the business student. We 
allude to our te.xt-book iin 


It's a book that is sure to suit teach- 
ers who've found cause to complain of 
other works. Each principle is illus- 
trated by example— students enthuse 
over it because it's plain and to the 
point. It isn't a big book but it's big 
enough. It's a practical school te.xt- 

Practical and Popular Publications. 

The books in the following list are new, up to date, and endorsed by pro- 
gressive teachers as the best yet published on their respective subjects : 

Spelling and Letter Writing, 50th thousand; 
204 paj^es; fully illustrated with elegantly 
CHKraved copper-plate script. 

Typewriting Instructor and Stenographer's 
Handbook.— Editions for Remington. Cali- 
(jraph. Smith Premier, Remington and 
C:aligraph combined; 96 pages; two colors. 

Plain English, a practical textbook nn the 
subject of language, discarding useless 
matter of which the average "grammar" 
has so largely consisted: 224 pages. 

Spelling, 1,8 pages; 1S6 lessons of 20 words 
each, and 40 Dictation e.vercises. 

Practical Shorthand, based on the Pitmanic 
alphabet — the joint work of prominent re- 
porters and teachers. Eminently practical 
and complete. It contains 50 full pages of 
engraved shorthand, and nearly 500 other 
engraved illustrations: 244 pages. 


The Practical Text Book Company, 





^ O H I O . 

Commercial Law, syste 

and fully illustrated. Valuable alike as 
text-book or a book of reference; 192 page 

Everybody's Dictionary, forevery-day i 
This dictionary is vest-pocket size, and 
gives the spelling, pronunciation, syllable 
divisions, parts of speech, capitalization, 
participles, and definitions of 33,000 words. 
Price, indexed and bound in Arperican 
morocco, embossed in gold, 50 cents ; cloth, 
not indexed, 25 cents. 

Practical Bookkeeping, in three editions, 
adapted to the various grades of public and 
private schools. The most mode 
cal and attractive books yet published on 
ihe subject of accounting. Bookkeeping 
as practiced in leading bus 

Bookkeeping Blanks, arranged for use with 
the lexi -bonks, and three grades of superior 
Steel Pens, at low prices, are also supplied 
to our patrons. 


It Cti^^/C^r /ase 3r AM£j 4 


■^cAnianA OyfiCQ^u,tA/iG> 

Latest Invention Of The 

Steel Pens 


Jul). 1890. 
Augaal, 1!493. 

For the VERTICAL STYLE of Penmanship. 

Four points: Extra fine, fine, medium and broad. One each will 
be sent, postpaid, on receipt of 4 cents in stamps. 

SPENCERIAN PEN CO., 450 Broome St., New York. 




\_ 1? * lP «^ QUALITY 
Tiple card 


100 William Street, New York. 



AI6Q makers of the Celebrated 1 
Out of thcfr 100 other styles, writers c 

Tlie EsterlirooR Steel PeOo. 

20 John St , New York. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, -$l..'iO 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containiog the e.-sen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price, ifl.nd 



H ilti proper thscoiints to Hdiools. 
of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. U. Packard, nnder Mr. Munson't 
pupervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the stndy of Munson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St, New York. 


prni.(suER.s OF - 

The Goodyear Commercial Series. 


We make a specialty of Pubiici-tions for Business Practice 
and Office Training. 

Our new Inier-Communication Business Practice is pronounced 
ihe finest system of practice ever publislied. 

We print over two hundred varieiiesof Business College Stationery. 
For Catalogue of our publications address 


376 to a8o West Hadlson Street. Chicago. 

"Q)me give us a test of your quality." 



Our text books did for us before they were printed. 
Not a line became a part of tliese books until it 
was first tested and retested in our classes. . . . 

IT IS WHAT .... 

the books offer to do for you. Give them a trial 
and you will find the quality good 

There is no set of business men more exacting tlian those 
of Chicago. We most educate pupils to meet their exacting 
requirements. This we do by means of our 


If these books pass the test here they will certainly do it 
in your community. Do not rely on what we say about them. 
Do not rely on what others say about them. Try them yourself. 

We can also supply you with Blank Forms, such as 
Notes, Checks, etc., at a low figure. 

wnie US Of your needs 

7 Monroe Street, Cliicago. 

■ Gu 

^ -^J^^. ^^^~-~— 


\ L % (XlA C\ Vv 


r\ (\(A 

wmm "mmFM 



^ V)V\WJ 




Learn to WRITE, DRA Wand TEAC^y^ 

by attending the above Popular, Practical and Progressive 


It excels, not on'y in giving instruction, but in aiding (free 
of ch.irge) its pupils to secure desirable employment. 

Sample copy of The Zanerian Exponent fre.;. 
Addresi,. attend 


COLUriBUS, o. 

Gale^burg, III . March 8, '98. 
r.Ve Z^ierian Erponsnl has been fine and I enclose Inc. for another 
year's subscription. It contains many helpful hints and is worth ten 
times its cost. ' E. L. JAKL. 

The Wonderful Curved Tubular Feeder 

Is one of the features that <;ocs to make up that perfection of writin;; implements 


rl'dafd wberever usefl to be Ihe beat. Bookkeepers. r^leiloiti-BpherB mid 
rina nn iib.olulelv relinble uen prefer the I'lirker to nil olbrrs. Up »i,iii 
in every r<harlhaud Sihool mid lln>lneai< Colleiii- iu llie country. Write uk 
for full pftrticulars, CnfaloKue niid unique adverlUios matter. 

THE PARKER PEN CO., 100 MIII St., Janatviru. Wla. 



Sj'StcmatIc instnictio 


1000 Agents Wanted 


othlna like It cvtr bofcirc pi 


B) Man. 26 cU. Address 

• Automatic Shading Pen 

W. STOAKES, nanuUcturer and Patent. 

of ool.i 





Baplii an-l UDlform lettrrlait: a Kreat mnny dlBtlnct and brIlIUnt 9h«ili*8. forming a comblaai 
I thtt raniivl )><■ <lupll<-at«> 1 In bour^ b) the iiioil ex pprt blgii writers by any other process 
__ N'EV LS MADE by Ufwri of thlH pen by miiklng specimens, hal bands, sign writing. 
Doautlful. fAClnailntC' practical work. 

PKICBS: Shading Pen* itwo colors t 

- . MMklngPr 

, NoLOOt- 

HARKING INKS (waterproofi. „ ,. 

mill.2i{j. ooli Mnxic. AJheilvu an I Bronze loKi : Ooli Sizing. ftletalUes 
SpirKllug Kliutiff Proiitlog Diamond Dust. etc. 
Lorinx OuifltB. Alph ib»t«. Copy Ooott for self Instruction, Practice Paper, etc. 



J!>a.Z.Ij.A^V^. o 

Ri=Ker's 40 Rules . . . 


Prodnoestheartof securing an early Trial Balrtnce. It nxUioes the l;ibnr of this p.irt of every Ixiokkoeper't 
work to a minimum. 


ex'erywhere are purchasing theic progressive rule*. Orcit poulhllltlei are In store for tbose who practice 

Tlie less work, time and worry eicb bookkeeper can put on his trial twilanco to ffet It correftljr. the more 
pleasant bU occupation t)e>oomea. You can lessen your work and secure better results liiimedlat<'t)- by usln^ 

. . . RI-KER*S 40 RULES. . . . 

Nearly 12.00(1 copies of this popular volume have Iwen snld ilurlng the past eighteen months, and the 
demand Is now greater than ever. 

All orders filled promptly on the tlay receivi-d. 

!ipnl. PoHi-pnIil. < 

H. E. Ri-Ker, 


cpi|>t of >J3 Cents. 

165 Lincoln Avenue. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

, single stroke) 

Nos. 1 

each VAc. Marking Pouk (one aolli. plain marki.lfo^. 00 to 5 each. ifOc. Plain Pens (for backgrounds, 
A pt!.>, No.*.00U>5 cich 2Uc.; .Sot. it and s. ench, aSc. (Mall, prepaid ) 

SHADINO PEN INKS: BlM:k, blue, brown, purple red. green, yedow. orange, pink, each. 15c.: 
I, 17c. 
HARKINO INKS (waterproof): Bl.ick, blue, grcon, pink, brown, rel, yellow, orange each, 20c.; 

■ 2iij. ooli Mnxic. Adhesive an 1 Broaze loKs: Ooli !^"' - " '- '- 

Dronscd.SpirKllug Kluslift Proiiting Diamond Dust. < 


We Have Moved Z 

iMir New York Office to • 

No. 28 Elm Street, \ 

where we vdW continue to engrave 9 

copybook lines and signatures • 

according to scientific rules J 

of spa<'ing and letter « 

consiniction. • 


as Elm St., New York. S 




,'ith n 

month, toii-fh. lend 
good and fi-ec style of pen- 

will grently nid 

Di.\on's "American Graphite" Pencils are 
unoqualed for all qualities most desirable ir 
a lead pencil. If yo»r stationer does not keei 
those stumped "American Graphite" mention 
Penman's Art JoiMiNAL and send 16 cents loi 



Jos. Dixon Crucible Co., Jersey City, N. J. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦#:♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦t 



420 W. Main St, - Louisville, Ky, 

Conducted by Public Accountants and Auditors. 

>pen for young men who desire to become thorough ani practical book keepers. 

iook-keepiug thoroughly and practically t aight, as buoks are kept In buiilness life, by experienced book* 
keepers aud accountants, and not by men. No Text Hooks. No Classes. Inalvldual Instruction. 

TWO COURSES: - - The Book-keepers^ Course, and the Accotintants' Course. 

Voung nifin who desire to study In a pr 
for acquiring a knowledge of books an they 
Weunnuallv examine the accounts ami 
slst and become fai 

Number or puplKs limited. All applicants mu 

Send $1 for our book "Trial Balances and 
methods and everythlntr aboui all check fl.:ure systei 
'Contains four rules which locate the errors In any '~ 
root methods of arranging ledgers so as to locate 

■II whether a debit or eredltentry. and In « 
of averaging accounts known. Full of Inf' 


leading hoiisoH. which affords ample opportuni- 
st show evldenct- of II lili 111 iirr;.;ir;i'iir\ iiliii;it Lm livforo 

^OOXS:X^ ^3 E3 E*:E3IX ? 


Contains four rules which locate the errors In any led 

>Js or arranging ledgers so OS ' 

tell whether a debit or credit 

lois of averaging accounts know 

1 1 00 to any person sending us better 

French Shriner & Urner. Rockiand, Mass, '■ REFERENCES 
Louisville Bunking Co. Louisville Ky. ) 
Correspondence Invited. 

Address L. COMINGOR, Manager. 

Arthur Jordan, luillanapolla. Ind. 
( Mammoth Shoe Si Clothing Co.. Loi 

BRANCH OFFICE. 1267 Broadway. NEW YORK. 

I Counting Room. LOUISVILLE. KY. 

PAPER... t 


We said it would be, our friends said it would be, and NOW 
the commercial teachers of the entire country and Canada 
are one by one testing and adopting it. The result is that the 

Sadler System of Bookkeepers 
and Office Practice 

and the Sadler-Rowe Business Practice 

is being more widely used in the same length of time than 
any similar publication ever placed on the market. 

Have you seen the latest edition — the 

...Voucher System... 

in connection with Manufacturing, Corporation and Depart- 
ment Accounts? If not, send for it. The first complete 
explanation and illustration of the Voucher System published 

Let the Search Light of Practice illuminate the dark filaces of Theory. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, Baltimore, Md. 

3, unruled, ordinary ruled ai 
led; size or sheet. H x 10^ Inclie 
eight. 1 lbs. to ream. We sell It at 
$1.20 A REAM OF 1000 SHEETS, 

Stl.SOn '■ 
«1.10 1 


to-llcnt quality No. OW XX envelopes 
i a 1000; 10.0i'0at81.7.^a lOUO. 


will print these letter-heads and en 


.JtJST OT7T... 

will be lettered on design, ami whole design m. 

engraved and cut furnished yon. Bv these Jk 

plans you get the use of a handsome de- ^ 

sign free. m 

Cash must accompany order. • 

No Goods shipped until money has " 

Two New Wobks oh PENmaNSiiip 
mack's Easy Boaii lo Wrliing ^ 

PRICE. $1.00. 

Script Gomiiinailoiis aiid How lo make TlieiQ 

niukc Lhlti the be; 

. thing of Ihe kind published, and 

have not been spared 

rely new. It aho 
umblnatlouH. Not 
L'Hs writlni 
cry school, 


writing also, 
school ""' 
nsblp. It la 
■fd. It make* 


Just alive with fli 

I also publish 
MAN. It IsJ- - 
extend the 

I ted thi 
Ine Fi 
the papci 


to keep books. 

1 flPlEU R0LLIN80H CO., S 

A 202 Broadway, New York. a 


work. In order to 


Mack'N Ean Uoad to Writing, price, $1.00 
Srrlpt C'omblnattonK, - • '* 50c. 
Ihe Nen Kngland Penman, one year, S5c. 

. poat-pald. 

igtiborB, eel 
\) 23) ColumliuB.'Obio. 

Alphabet. 45c. A'o postal oardt. 


Actual Experience 

Discounts any amount of talk. 

The Caligraph 

IS the simplest and most durable 


"The Standard" 



^^^«5^ u^^^Kwfe Oldest, 

Our HooKi.Ki will give you some candid and unsolicited 
testimonials that arc worth careful consideration. 

Send also for our 1896 Catalocjue and Samtle Book oi- 
Tvi'EWRiTKU Papers. 

237 Broadway, New York, U. S. A. 




If business is not taught in your 
school as business is done in the 
outside world 



Tiie Ellis Sysieni ol Hciiiai Business from Stan to FiQisn 

is the only system of teaching business by doing busi- 
ness published. 

Adopted by hundreds of leading business colleges, and 
discarded by none. • 

Detailed information cheerfully furnished. 

ELLIS PUBLISHING CO.. - Battle Creek, Mich. 


__ Strongest, 



Is the thing by which others are compared and tested. 

^^ Remington 

Is, and always has been, the Criterion of Excellence for Writing- 

The O I V N« 
Number W I VV Mo 
Is the latest mark of progress set for others to aim at. 



327 Broadway, New York. 

<"»«^ • <^o • or> • or> • <^*> I 

><yr>»<^r>» <>r>« <^r>» <^r> 


No Sprinkling. 



No Scrubbing. 

Used in 200 SCHOOLS and COLLEGES, all of whom commend it. 
Every Busi.\ School Should Use It. 


-DuslleHB Isoiir reKlfilere<!trade-ni.irk INo. 2H.43n, and any 
L Fluor Drcsdlug In u-hlcb the word OuAllesM forniM the name 


i Ukivebsitt, La Crosse, Wis, 


54 Beekman St.. 

Sole Agents for New Vork. 


Sole Owners and Manufactu 

•<»^> aoo •<^o«<>o s^jo • • • •^.(o An^jo • <jo a-^jo s^cj*^ 

tyf -X^^'?^:^^^^ i<«^?z5^^^«:?^^ 


Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 

No. 4. 

33. The trend of the work before this has been to 
develop the movement from left to right and to cul- 
tivate the forms of the one space and semi-extended 
letters. This month we will give special attention 
to the loop letters above the line. To make this 
i^roup of letters easily necessitates the use of a 
movement not used very much in the previous les- 
sons. It may be distinguished as the "hinge 
action." The hand move.s from you and is drawn 
toward you, causing a movement at the elbow 
nitnilar to that of a binge opening and closing, Bf* 
sure that you have the relative positions of arm and 
paper as suggested in a former lesson. This is im- 

Thv Btiifff Action. 

an. The object of No. 1 is to develop the hinge 
action. Move the hand from you and draw it to- 
irnrd you and repeat it rapidly. If your position 
is correct you can cover two ruled spaces on the 
inper and move half across the page without stop- 
ping. As the loop is made of a curve line and a 
straiglit line, it is well to practice both before tak- 
iu;^ up the loop. Therefore, make a full line of the 
■straight line exercise, then go over it with the cir- 
cular exercise. Watch the position constantly. 

tfoir a Loop Is Made. 

34-. In No. 3 we join the curved up stroke and 
straight down stroke forming the loop. The lines 
are joined by a short turn at the top and should 
cross at one-third its height. The height of the 
crossing is regulated by the curvature of up strokes 
--the less it curves the closer the curve will be to 
the top. and xnce versa. While it is true that the 
loop may be made entirely with arm action, the 
most accurate loops are made by cultivating a slight 
finger action in making the turn at the top. Make 
it carefully, aiming to get slant, crossing of loop 
and height uniform. Make fall lines of it, like 
No. C. 


J. H. T.. Horse Creek, Ala.— What yon sent is cood. except 

the work oft the small o. They should be round and closed 

top with a slight pressure of the pen. as you would i 

Penholding; And How I Teach It. 



35. When you can make loops quite eiisily, add 
the last stroke of m or n, and you have the h. The 
t-»udency is to make a point at the top of the finish- 
ing part of h. where it should be a turn. The cross- 
ing of the loop should be the same height as the n 
part of /j. It is well to drill on «, as in February 
lesson, before working on the k. 

The "k.» 

36. Make A- same as h. except the finishing part, 
which you will please study carefully. Tlie first 
style is made without lifting the pen: the second by 
lifting the pen, but can be made quite as rapidly as 
the first. 

The "ft." 

37. The his a combination of the loop and last 
part of r. Before working on the b you should 
work a while on the i\ as in February lesson. I have 
fiiund it a good plan to work on each letter as indi- 
cated in No 7. Begin with a fairly large form 
and gradually reduce them, finishing with a small 
fitrm. Moke wh"le liuea and pages of each letter, 
as in No. 6. There is a pleasing appearance in 
the repetition of a letter that is fascinating to the 
pupil. Take specimen biwk and make a page of 
each letter. Do your very best. Make short loops. 
Always leave a little space between the top of loops 
and the line above. Make a page of each word given 
in lesson. 

finishing last part of w or r. Your movement is Kood. Spe- 
cial care in the formation of individual letters will make you 
a beautiful writer. 

G. W. B., Onancock.— Your work is very strong. I admire 
it. Study the parts of letters carefully, especially last part 
of m and n. which should be round at top. Don't let line be 
tween letters sag downward so much. Make each line or 
word look as if it had been stretched after you wrote it. 

Mamie, Onanco ;k.— Your work is very neat. 1 am anxious 
to see yijur best work on March lesson. 

M. B. R., Cross Creek, Pa.; T. H. R., Monlton. Ala.— All 
Kood except o, x. s and a. See instructions for o under J. H. 
T. Make x without lifting pen. Make first part like first 
part of 71 ; retrace to top, tlien drop down the line again to 


things must be observed. 

1 stroke that forn 
R. M. R.. Annex, Va.— You i 

nk is a little pale. 

good writer. Suggest 
that you round the bottom of your a's. Read M. B. R. for 
the way to make x in business writing. 


If yon wish to succeed, a fe 
In the illustration we wish to call your attention first to 
the thumb, as its iuflneuce upon the hand position plays 
sach an important part iu peuholdiug, and its position to 
the fingers should be carefully observed. 

You will see from the cut that we have our thumb just 
a little higher thau most punmeu, and by close observa- 
tion in class room we find three-fourths of our students, 
especially those that are the best writers, hold the thumb 
either opposite the first joint of the first finger or a little 

You will also observe that the ball of the thumb presses 
against the holder and is a trifle above first joint of fore- 
finger. The fii"st finger is gently curved. 

Second finger not at side of holder, but let the holder 
cross at root of nail. 


W. C. G , Detroit.— About 75 per cent. Send me your best 
on January lesson. 

J. E. OB, Biston: P. H. H.. Fairwaather.— Good work. 
You don't get quite ttie right " kink " on the line between 

shade nor flourish. 

E. H. C, Ebensburg.— If you used finger movement before 
.lanuary your improvemeat is remarkable. Read under W. 
B. B., Elk City. 

Electricity.— Received your letter. Show me what you 
can do on the January lesson. 

O. R.. Le Mars, la.— Your work is pretty good, but you 
need several doses of February lesson yet. your Ink is 
'■ muddy." Get in a good quiet place and read the February 
lesson thoughtfully, then get first-class material (ruled paper 
is better than unruled), and fix your eye on my i and slide 
off a page or two. crossing both ways. Then take the u, etc., 
going over the lesson. 

H. E., Canton.— Make the line you mention with one con- 
tinuous sweep. Make at least five letters with one con- 
tinuous motion. Read nnder J. E. O'B, relative to your v's 
and tc'R. Make down strokes in ni's and n's same slant, and 
avoid making last part pointed at top. 

R. E. T., Wilmington.— Year m'a and h's are pretty good, 
but the other letters given in February lesson are not ac- 
curate enouch. Your x's, r's. e's. a's and s's need special 
attention. Your ink is too pale. 

L. H., Estherville.— Am glad yon are going at my lessons 
in earnest. WTiat you sent is O. K. Send me the best you 
can do on the whole lesson. 

J. K. S., Taylor's. Id.— Your work is free and strong. You 
have a tendency to make your letters too wide— m's, it's and 
u's, for illustration. Last part of m and n too pointed at top. 
Better ink and paper would improve the appearance of your 
work very much. 

N'ever separate second and third fingers nor use whole 
arm movement, in the manner of some good penman. 

The holder should be held a little back of the knuckle. 
Ordinarly let no part of the hand or wiTst, except the 
fourth finger, touch the paper. 

The little finger should glide freely on the side between 
joint and nail. Bring the holder over to the left so that 
it points nearly over the right shoulder. 

The finders should be curved and the thumb iv ell bent. 
Do not separate any of the fingers. 

Strengthen the Jingers and hold fhe pen firmly. 

If you wish a free movement extend the elbow jjiint 


over the edge of the table; otherwise if you wish more 
control and not so much movement, rest the arm on the 

Do not be hasty in condemning any of the above points 
until you have given them a fair test. Trying a point 
one or two months is no fair test. 

There is need of showing pupils exactly how as well as 
whnt to do. 

Progress in penmanship is made by hard work, and 
-not by talking. 


^^ j^s ..^^^:^^^ 

As there seems to be some diversity of opinion as 
to what conititutes "good" writing, as well as 
how to acquire it, The Journal has asked the 
opinions of fifty prominent penmen and teachers. 
These have been collected and will be published 
from month to month. 

The following questions were asked of each one: 

1. io) Whot do you contiider thopsscntiala of a good hand 
writinic T (Naino tbem in tlie ordor of importonce.) 

ilt) Name, in what you consider the order of importance, 
the esHonlial teaching i)olnt9 to keep in mind to produce a 
good handwriting. < Aspo«i7ion. speed, movement, etc.) 

2. Gi%'e your definition of muscular or forearm movement. 

3. Name and give reasons for the best position of: 
(n) Body 

(b) Hand and pen. 

4. N>4me the best movement and give your reasons. 


Penma.n's Art Journal. 


»or Aflvocntet 
nent Appyent 


I. (a) Plainness, legibility, rapidity nnd beauty, (b) Ist. 
Position of body, arms and hands. 2d. Pen holding. 3d. 
Form. 4th. Slant. .'>th. Spacing. IJth. Shading. 7th. 
Movement (tinger movement for the tirst four years of 
PubHc School life, or until good forms have been estab- 
lished and muscles of forearm have developed) . After the 
fourth year in Public School Muscular Movement should 
be taugiit. 

'i. Muscular or forearm movement is the motion pro- 
duced by rocking the forearm upou the muscles of the 
part of the arm between the elbow and wrist and resting 
upon the tal)le or desk. 

M. Tho position of the body at the desk in Public Schools 
depends upou size and shape of both desk and writing 
material. When desks are narrow, have high backs pro- 
jecting in front of them and where they are placed tco 
near together, the right side or right oblique position 
oflors greatest room with least annoyance to pupils and 
teachers, but where tables or wide desks are used the front 
or slightl.v right oblique position is good. 

(a) B(.dy should be nearly erect, bending slightly at hips, 
(b) Hand should rest ou finger nails of third and fourth 
fingers and pen should point at right shoulder. Left side 
«/ Jieil should hr higher than riijM .tiVic to insure ./iiie 
liiii-.s and PROPER SHADES. 4. Answered in rth part of (b) 

in 1st. H. CUAMPLIN, 

Supt. Writing Public Schools, Cincmnati, Ohio. 

I tlie AiUho 

«/ .stlv<ir, «iii 

■dell ,t- <; 

.S**r(fl« of 

1. (a) Legibility, speed, uniformity, (b) Position, pen- 
holding, movement, form. 

2. The forearm or musciUar movement is a free back- 
ward and forward motion of the flesh of the forearm, 
and is used for carrying the hand across the paper. 

:i. (a) Front position, sit upright close to the desk, yet 
not leaning against it, both feet resting squarely on "the 
floor ; tlie left hand holding the pn)ier. The pen should 
be held light, (b) Tlie fingers and thumb should be 
slightly bent, the first finger on top of bolder about one 
inch from point of pen ; the end of thumb on holder op- first joint of second finger. The second finger 
should drop a little to right of holder, so that the holder 
vrill pass opposite root of finger nnil. Rest upon nails of 
third and fourth fingers, and separate these fingers from 
the others at first joint of second finger. Do not rest upon 
the wrist or side of the hand. The holder should point 
over the right shoulder, both points of the pen touching 
squarely the piipor. 
4. Forearm. D. H. Farley, 

Teacher of Penmanship, State Normal School, Trenton 
N. .1. 

Tltf Er-fffldenl of the iriwfci-li fenmen's AMoelallon 
Spraks Rlghl to lilt Foliit. 

I. (a) Legibility, Movement. 

(b) Position, Movement, the foundations of speed. 

3. The action of the arm upon the muscles near the 
elbow, in and out of the sleeve for height and length of 
letters, and to the right for spacing of letters, words, 

3. (a) Front, gives best chance tor good results, and is 

(b) Upright, gives best chance for freedom and gainmg 

4. Muscular movement, so-called, with a little help 
from the fingers, esjiecially on loop and stem letters. 

W. F. GiEssEsiAX, O. C, C. Coll.. Des Moines. Iowa" 

Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 




BY A.. h.;davenport, D0VER,',.N. J.."BUS.JC0LL. 

C^^a^iJ ^ ^ ^^-i^/^Ay _ 





Practical Hints on Teaching Vertical 

Bv n. HOUSTON, HrpEfivison of writing, sagisaw, 

EAST side, MICH. 
Chanjj Stt/fe of Lettern at IfeU as Stant. 
lo chiasm;? from slaatiog to vertical writing one of the 
flrit tea leasiea i•^ to write the olJ style of letters in a ver- 
ti T il p HI sioa. Tai-t m I'fus aa un^Vinly hand, and must be 
written with a slow up and down motion. Cat the let- 
tar j djwn In heig it. aid soma to tbe width and broaden 
th3 tarns. It can then be written with a free rotary 

How to Atfotd Rackhand. 

Siaijihive conleoiael vertical writing, saying it was 
not eisy for papiU to learn, and that in trying to write it 
thsy wjald more often write a backhand. If pupils are 
given writing lessons with little or no other instructions, 
thin admonition? to write straight; or, in other words, if 
toi^hari do not thjronghly unJerntand teaching it, good 
results cannot ba expected. Most words be^in with an 
upward stro!(e an3 children will endeavor to place this in 



a. vorticul position as in Fig. 1. Tlie downward stroke 
mj^t tliea necessarily slant to the left. It is evident that 
nsthia? but a buclthand letter can be made from this up. 
war.! stroke. The same la true when words bagin with 
a left curve as in Fig. 8. The upward strokes should 
slant a little to the right, enough to admit of the down- 
w.ird strokes bein,-? made vertical. If the child la shown 
t'iit tho upward strokes govern almost entirely the slant 
of the writing he will have no trouble in writing a ver- 
tical hand. The main and connective strokes in the ver- 
tied must be made at different angles, the same as in 
slanting writing. 


Another thing which determines the slant to quite an 
extoat is the position of hanJ and arms. We believe the 
froat position the best, with from half to two-thirds of 
tho forearms on the desk. Hold the penholder with first 
two flayers and thumb as in slanting writing, but instead 
of restinj the hand on the nails of the third and fourth 
fingers, we turn thesa under a little more, turning tho 
haul a little to the right. This gives the hand a better 
an:l 8tea,1ier position, aad permits one to see the point of 
the pen whoa writing. The hand does not tire easily, 
anil heuce there is not the tendency to turn it over to the 
right uutil the side of the piUm touches the desk. Not a 
tew of us have baen guilty of putting buttons, etc.. on the 
wris'^s to force if posisible the pres.ribed position for slant- 
in? writing, but it has been so dilfi;ult to get. and so little 
usji that we b^'lieve it to be an extreme position, suited 
host for making the many shade.l strokes in the writing 
of twenty-flve years ago. With the position which we 
advocate, we believe the vertical is by far the easiest to 
exo-tto. anil as wo said above that the position of the 
hand affects the slant to quite an extent, the turnin" of 
the hand over to the right on the side has a lenr:eacy to 
produce a backhand. A simple experiment to illustrate 
this : Have pupils assume the position we have described 
for vertical wriliog, turning the hand to the right until it 
is about half way between where it would be if the pen 
pointed over the shoulder, and when the hand is turned 
to tho extreme right. Have them, without looking at 
their hands, bend and straighten their fingers, bringing 
the hand closer to the paper until the pencil touches the 
paper and records the direction of the movement. Turn 
the hand further to the right and try the same, and see if 
the results do not correspond to Figs. .3 and 4 respectively. 

.Voir III Mi(. 

It is a much disputed and quite an unsettled question 
as to what movement or movements are best suited for 
the different grades. This question, no doubt, is asked 
more often than any other by those who expect to 'each 
it. Nearly all the teachens of wiiting in the public 
schools agree that the combined finger and forearm 
movement is the best, but how to get it and just when to 
begin the muscular movement are mote troublesome 
questions. Many believe tbat the pure muscular move- 
nu"nt should be thoroughly taught and that enough 
finger movement will be used without saying anything 
aboattt. Indeed, there will be. It has been our observa- 
tion that where this idea has been carried out the pupils 
have two kinds of writing : the muscular movement 
for the writing lesson, and the finger movement for all 
other writing. We have been trying to have pupils prac- 

tice just the way wo want them to write— i. c, with the 
com bine 1 movement. We not only told them we did not 
c ire if they bent their fingers, so long as their arms were 
moving freely, but we have asked them to bend them 
when they were trying to write some exercise with hand 
as unbendable, apparently, as if maJe of iron. The re- 
8 ilts hav3 been very gr.itityiog, and we believe the g.ap 
between the writing lesson and the writing of the daily 
work to be closing up. We have used very few exercises, 
but usually open th« Ies.son with a short drill on the oval 
as seen in Fig. .5. Words and letters are also given to 
develop freedom and increase speed. In primary grades 
this is done largely through use of blackboard. During 
the first year the child does most of his writing on the 
board, and begins by writing words instead of right and 
left curves and letters. They will soon learn to make 
their letters round and upright, and contrary to the ideas 
held by many, they will learn to write in a straight line, 
with a free movement and without any lines to guide 

Th^ great high road of human welfare lies along th e 
highway of steadfast well-doing, and they who are the 
most persistent and work in the truest spirit will invari- 
ably be the most successful.— i'. Smites. 

Art in the Schools. 

The January number of the Fi>run\ contains an im- 
portant paper bv \Vm. Ordway Partridge on the " De- 
velopment of Sculpiure in America," in the course of 
which he considers the vital relation between the art of a 
people and the spirit of the people as a nation. If the ai-t 
IS genuine, it must be native. 

The article implies, says .-liiici-icaii Education., rather 
than states, what Is unquestionably true, that a nation, 
as such, can best comprehend and express its worthiest 
ideals in art form. Hence arises the question as to the 
most effective means of arousing universal interest in 
works of art, and of discovering ability on the part of in- 
dividuals that, once developed, will prod .ice such works. 
With such question in view, Mr. Partridge suggests that : 

" The first practical way which suggests itself is by 
making art education in the public schools a part of the 
study, and as compulsory as word and cipher languages. 
Only a few years have passed since art education in this 
country was a privilege of the rich. Now no academy in 
the land is considered well equipped which has not a cer- 
tain course in the fiue arts— too often elected, we regret 
to say, as an escape from more earnest study rather than 
for the love of beautiful things. But even this aspect is 



changing, and the new men are learning to care for— to 
understand— the great masterpieces of the world becanse 
they afford an order of enjoyment and growth which 
mathematics and athletics do not fnmith. We must en- 
deavor U> make art education a genuine thing, a living 
force, and not in any sense an affectation— not merely a 
pretty thing to appear in a catalogue. Art education iu 
the public »ch<x.l« is the surest and simplest way of bring- 
ing this |)cople to that state of development where they 
can appreciate great art and what it holds for them. 
Year after year brings us evidence of the artistic genins 
of this people. It is needful that we should draw out 
wisely and with discretion this artistic inclination and 
precious instinct, and that we should encourage it, not 
only bv the generous endowment of scholarships, but by 
personal sympathy, whenever aud wherever such genius 
comes to our notice. Only such discernment and sym- 
pathy can beget great art for this people. And only in 
this way, on the other hand, may we become a highly 
civilized people It is a contradiction in terms to imagine 
a high state of civilization without a great existing art." 

IllUstr/^tjVe. ^^^ 

^g^^^majii Q^toMtUAoS 


' Lang DOM 6.7h0aa"P5on 
(DiivcT0ROF;'\Rr Education, jERjt/CiiyN J. 

Practical Lessons XV. 

male Xyi.—ltlrila.- Continued, 

The previous lesson on birds^was intended to assist 
the inexperienced teacher in drawing the general 
form of a bird and getting the proper balance or 
poise of the creature. This lesson is intended to 
assist in getting individuality and detail. Most 
birds have beaks, tails, wings and claws, but these 
may be quite different in the different kinds. A 
number of beaks, as Figs. 1, 3, 3, 4, 5 and 6, are 
given for general practice. Fig, 6 is peculiar and 
represents the beak of the " Man of War." 

Fig. 7 represents the tail of several kinds of birds, 
as the Sand Martin, the Fly Catcher, the Linnet and 
the Lark. Fig. H shows the forked tail of the Kite. 
Fig 9 shows the wing of the Night Hawk. Fig. 10 
that of the Kingfisher, while Figs. II and 12 repre- 
sent feet and claws. 
Fig. 1.1 represents the Song Sparrow. 
The si)arrows chirped as if they still were proud 
Their race in Holy Writ should mentioned be. 

— Longfellow. 
Fig. 14 shows the Flicker bird. Fig. 15 the Downy 
Woodpecker, and Fig. 10 the Robin. 
The wood-robin sings at my door, 

And her song is the sweetest I hear 
Krom all the sweet birds that incessantly pour 
Their notes through the nonn of the year. 

— las. U. Clurkc. 

Fig. n is a picture of tlie Blue Jay at work. 
What, is the jay more precious than the lark, 
Because his feathers are more beautiful ? 

-Tnniiiuiof thrShn-n: 
Fig. IS represents the Bobolink. 

Modest and shy as a nan is she ; 

One weiik chirp is her only note ; 
Braggart and prince of braggarts is he. 
Pouring boasts from his little throat. 


Fig 19 shows the Parrot, Fig 20 the Swallow in 
There goes the swallow,— .^ 

Could we but follow ! fl 

Hasty swallow stay, i 

Point us out the way : -I 

Look back swallow, turn back swallow, stop swallow. 
—Chrhlina C. Ros.irlli. 
Fig. 21 shows the Kingfisher going a-fishlng, and 
about to take his prey. 

She rears her young on yonder tree ; 

She leaves her faithful mate to mind 'em ; 
Like us, for fish she sails to sea. 

And, plunging, shows us where to find 'em. 
Yo, ho, my heai ts I let's seek the deep. 
Ply every oar. and iheerly wish her. 
While the slow liending net we sweep, 
<5txl bless the Hsh-liauk and the fisher : 

—.4lejratirl,r iriVo.,, 



To Public School Superintendents and 

;This number of The JouKN'.iL is mailed to several 
OTOusand superintendents and teachers who " are or 
> by right ought to be " interested in writing and 
• drawing. We hope that those receiving this sample 
copy will give il a careful reading, subscribe and 
induce their teachers and friends to subscribe. The 
subscription rates are so low, particularly in clubs 
(full information about club rates, etc., may be found 
on page 7i)), that the question of expense can no 
longer deter any one from subscribing— not if the 
teacher cares a few cents a month about correct 
methods of teaching. 

After reading this copy, please hand it to some 
superintendent or teacher with the request to pass 
it on. Spread the light: The Journal has many 
bright and helpful articles on ungraded work, as 
well as methods for each particular grade, to be 
published during 1896. Every possible phase of 
slant and vertical writing, blackboard, pencil and 
pen-and-ink drawing will be discussed. 

We desire to see a Supervisor or Special Teacher 
of Writing aud Drawing in every Normal and Pub- 
lic School. If readers of this, as well as our friends, 
would send us notices of vacancies, or of places 
where such teachers. sh,oiUd be employed, we shall 
be glad to place schools in communication with ca- 
pable supervisors and teachers free of charge 

We would also like to have the name, address and 
position of each teacher of drawing in the United 
States and Canada. Teachers of drawing and those 
knowing such teachers will confer a favor upon us 
by sending us this information. 

Writing and drawing methods in our schools can 
be improved. The Journal is going to do its part 
toward improving them. Send in names of your 
friends who should read The Journal, and we'll 
mail them sample copies. 

Combination Clubbing Rates. 

The Regular Edition of The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal, and your choice of the following journals, will 
be mailed, one year, for $1.2.5: Popular Educator, 
Teachers' Institute, Teachers' World, American 
Teacher, McCIure's Magazine, Munsey's, Cosmopol- 
itan ; any journal whose subscription price is not 
more than $1 will be included in above list^one 
year's subscription for both, .Tournal and your 
choice from list, for Sl.a,"). 

Method Edition of Art Education (price. 75 
cents) and Regular Edition of The Journal, «0 
cents. Complete Edition of Art Education {price, 
$1.50) and the Regular Edition of The Journal, 
$1.50. In combination with a periodical selling for 
not less than $2 50, The Journal will be included 
without extra charge. 

These rates will allow teachers to get two period- 
icals at practically the cost of one. Tlie journals 
will be sent to two different addresses if requested. 
These offers apply to new subscriptions or to re 
newals. State in which class you come, when you 
send in your subscription. 


■y- n > - 






»lt<illlJr;llf.'f lioiu.r 

1 1 



3^ — ffiriiru IHnAsHwllj CmtgfiTlnui - 

'Jffi"^^'yMj/^,„«/« ^,„/^/„mr/„ -,y,„.,„„ y«^,„„,//, '/m4M/,f„ /^«, //, 
y«na,m ^r/ yU,M/f,4/: /«^^j^ //it, ^y/.^,,//, y„y ,/ /«,„ MU 





How To Teach Movement. 



I cotuider moMnilar movement the foundation of all 
practical writing. All penmen and teachers of note can 
iirilr unlh Hum moremenl. I( thcy conld not, the snpple- 
mentarj' movementi* would amount to very little. This 
is how 1 explain it. I request pupils to stand and swing 
the arm from the shoulder lelbow joint stiff), making the 
fln({er tip« describe about one-third of a circle (shoulder 
joint being the («nter). and gradually lee»en the swing to 
alKjut one inch. 1 then ask them to raise foutatretched) 
hand to the «iact level of eltx)W and swing ag before. 
This makes them realize that the propelling power appears 
to come from the shoulder in Iwth cases. Next is to move 
tho hand (in space) on a slant and then in oval form at 
different rates of speed. I then reciuest pupils to be 
seated. At a given signal all hands take a lead pencil and 
make a slant about one and one-half inches long with 
raised arm movement, and then gradually shorten them 
unt'l the last one of rtve or more is about one-half inch long. 
The next move is to make a verj' large oval with " raised 
arm " movement and three smaller ones within it, the 
last two being mrnle with pure "muscular movement." 
I explain that the difference between whole ann and 
muscular is, that the skin of the arm is made to stretch 
with each stroke in " muscular movement." lam strictly 
n Palmer man on muscular movement for all vnpilats and 


only use this method at the very beginning, as it enables 
pupils to I^>alize where the propelling power comes from, 
uiul how to lessen the foi-ce in smaller work. 

Too Many Fads in Public Schools. 

I'lidor the above caption the Now York Jtntmal 
has been interviewing snperintemients and princi 
pals, and all agree that the New York public schools 
try to accomplish too mucli. One of the principals. 
Miss Richmau, has diagnosed the case so well that 
we reproduce her riews. Miss Richman was seen 
at her home, No. 7 West Eighty eighth street. She 
said : 

The course we now have started with the three R's 
twenty-five years ago, and every new fad or hobby has 
been added as it came along. The classes, too, have 
grown larger with the growth of the city. Now every 
grade has more work mapped out for it than the teacher 
can pos.«ibly complete. ( 'onseciuently at each promotion 
children are sent ahead insutMciently prepared to work 
iu the higher studies. These deticiencies accumulate 
until in the higher classes the work to be done to prepare 
the pupils tor college is simply enormous. There is too 
much written work and too much drawing. There is so 
little time that it would bo impossible to ask the children 
the questions verbally. So they are required to write 
This, of course, is all wrong. 

Ic)litf\ely Ivjsty Roffer rsosfj 

"I l\rovjgk ti\e jvirrows plodi <^lot^^, 
Q)ir\gir\g to llNe creakmS plovjtfk 
/A<i.r\y a. auam-l" old cour\+ry sof\e; 
/-\orr\ir\d nrv^s, 
"As ke iirvSs, 
With n\e praise of otker G)pnr\es 

IwQublu (NOW tlNey feel +Ke rvile 
Barrrn,^ H\err\ jrom buds and jib 

now ■rt\ay sh^cul', 

l5our\dir\^ ouh 
Llaj\e& irMd JTeJds -fo r6,ce abovi-fc, 


Too Much Arithmetic. - 

There is too much arithmetic and too much business. 
Why, we teach matter that would make business men 
laugh and require problems that cannot be found outeide 
of an arithmetic- Geography and history are so subdi- 
vided that it is impossible to get acceptable results. The 
actual work takes so longthat there is no time for review 
and no time at all to help the backward children. They 
have to fall b.v the wayside. 

There is a compulsory one hundred minutes a week 
laid out for the study of the German language in my 
school, and we have not one hundred minutes left to teach 
the English language. We are also compelled to give ten 
minutes' instruction every da.y in musical notation and 
ten minutes in calisthenics. Four days in the week we 
must take twenty-five precious minutes for this temper- 
ance physiology. Then there are the ten minutes a day 
for teaching penmanship. Besides that, there is no al- 
lowance for the many interruptions which take up so 
much of a teacher's time. Visitors, new scholars, secur- 
ing facts for special reports, giving out and collecting 
supplies, sick pupils, refractory pupils and so on make 
many interruptions. 

We have no time for innovations, no time for indi- 
viduality in instruction, no time for anything but the 
routine work, and not much more than half enough time 
for that if we teach it proi>erly. 

We don't know whether Miss Richman objects to 
" ten minutes a day tor teaching penmanship " as 
too much time or too little. Twenty minutes a day 
is as short a time as .should be devoted to writing. 
We doubt very much whether there is " too much 
drawing." We do not know the exact state of 
affairs in the New York schools in regard to " writ- 

ten work, ' ' but we have yet to see the school that 
has "too much written work." Most of our 
knowledge is used in writing, and it is in writing 
that the test of ability in the world is usually made. 
Then why not in school ? If pupils are taught 
to write properly — which for the upper grades means 
rapidly— the written work will not he a bugbear, 
nor will the time taken to write answers be missetl. 
Writing and drawing are not "fads." If some- 
thing in the common school curriculum must be 
omitted, drop the fads. 

When a schoolmaster entered the temple of learning one 
morning, be read on the blackboard the touching legend : 
" Our teacher is a donkey." The pupils expected there 
would be a combined cyclone and earthquake, but the philo- 
sophic pedagogue contented himself with adding the word 
"driver "to the legend, and opened the school as usual.— 
Sctiool Board Journal, 

Mr. William Cairns, who died in Edinburgh the other day. 
was i)erhap8 the only man who has read the twenty-Uve 
volumes of the Encyclopiedia Brltannica from cover to 
cover. He prepared an index to the book, which, besides 
requiring much learning, necessitated the reading of every 
line of this ponderous work. 

One of the Things It Learned. 

The average writer has made a long step toward success 
when he realizes that his penmanship is not as legible to 
editors as typewriting. — Somercille Joui-nat. 

Many a man who gets a good start in life happens to be 
facing the wrong way. — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 


t^e/unaM dyfi/yOj^ut/ui^ 






School and Personal. 

— While here and thero u bosineHS college BUS])eads op- 
eratiouH tliere are a half a dozen new ones springing up to 
the busin 
growth i 
the total number of students 
; Hhort of marvelous. Many 

on the wltoli i > 
time for thi- |< t ' < 
recently ini. 1 . 
into every St .11 1 .(ii-i ' 
has visited niort^ hi 

than perhajM any other person In America, and his re- 
port coincides with the opinion expressed above. He 
thinks that l)usinesa colluKcs are more prosperous now 

■St and Pacific Coast districts 
I tendance than formerly, but 
is much better than at any 
A JofRNAL representative 
man whose business calls him 
■ of the Union, and aman who 
colleges and private schools 

the Dover. S. J., B. t' : A. H. Davenport, formerly of 

oil City, Pa., is the penman. The Pa. B. U. succeeds 

Clarks B. C, Chester, Pa., with R. E. Meyer. Prin. and 
Pen. Miss Emilie B^Sanraenig has purchased the half in- 
terest of P. W. Frederick in the Zanesville. O.. B. C, and 
Mr. Frederick retires from the institution. Miss Sau- 
menig has engaged R. L. Meredith, formerly of the San- 
dusky, O., B. C, to take charge of the commercial work 
of the new school, which will be known as the Zanes^^lle 

B. L'. L. D. Peoples succeeds William Feller as Propr. 

of the Canton, O., B. C. The Henley Shorthand Col- 
lege. Syracuse. N. Y.. is now known as the Henley Short- 
hand and B. C. E. J. Wright succeeds James Ferrier as 

prest. of the Bryant & Stratton B. C Louisville, Ky. 
Mr. Ferrier retires from the school and his financial inter- 
est has been purchased by J. S. Minor, who was elected 

Vice-Pres't. Messrs. J. M. Wade and J. G. Gerberich, 

Proprs. of the Lebanon, Pa., have purchased the Key- 
stone, Pa., B. C. from P. H. Keller and changed the 
name to Pa. B. C. J. Clifford Kennedy is in charge of the 
new school. 

— Among recent visitors to The Joi-rnal office were 
the foUowing : N. P. Hefflev, Heffley Coll. of Com., 
Brooklyn, N. Y.; E. H. Morse, Hartford, Conn., B. C; H- 
M. Rowe, Baltimore, Md.; S. S. Packard and C. L. Miller, 
Packard's B. C New York ; G. C. Raynor and W. E. Fin- 
negan. Polytechnic Inst., Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Mr. and Mrs 
W. W. Butler, Butler's B. C, Y'onkers, N. Y.; P. W. Cos- 
tcUo and James Fleming, Scranton, Pa. ; Hon. Thos. E. 
Hill. Hill Standard Book Co., Chicago ; C. C. Gaines, 
Prest. Eastman B. C, Poughkeepsie, N. Y'., and the N. 
Y. B. C; Mrs. M. A. Merrill, Merrill Coll.. Stamford. 
Conn.; H. C. Spencer, R. 1. .School of Design, Provi- 
dence. R. 1 ; W. H. Vei-uon, prin. Com'l and Pen. Depts., 


tlian at any time in the past four years and that the out- 
look is exceotlingly bright. 

—As far as our records go the following institutions 
ai-e new : Copper City C. C, H. O. Sisson, Prop . Ana- 
conda, Mont.; Potter Academy, Kebago. Me . E P Bar- 
ren, .\.M., Prill., Miss Bertha M. Berrv. Com'l Dept ■ 
Wood's B. C, Easton, Pa.; ^outheni B. i'., Steifer Bros 
Propra, Florence, Ala.: the Model B. C. (chartered). C. 
N. Parsons, Prin., El Dorado, Kans.; Hcnlev Shorthand 
and B. C, B. J. Henley, Prest., S. M. Henlev, Prin 
Malone, N. Y.; C'airo, 111., B. C, C. C. Ewing, Prin ■ 
Columbia, S. C, B. C, J. Q. Harmison, Prin. and Prop ■ 
VVatertown, N. Y.. B. C, Mi-s. J. Savles Donovan, Prin ' 
A. C. Ives, Pen.; Ceutral Coll.. Favctte. Mo., Rev. J. D 
Hammond, D.D., Prest. P. Bruce, M.A., Prin Bus 
Dnpt., H. A. Bernard, Prin. Short. Dept., J. C Bnim- 
niett, M.A., Prin. Pen. Dept.; Harris B. C, TeiTv Miss 
\V. P. Jones, Pen.; Bera, Ky., Coll., Wm. G. Frost", Ph D 
Prest., Thos. S. Cornell, B.S.. Prin. Short. & T^•pe. Dept • 
Passaic, N. J., School of Bus., Jno. J. Eagan, t>rop Miss 
Margaret Whitmore, Prin. 

— Rome, Oa., B. C, after being closed for several 
mouths has been reopened with H. S. Shocklev as Prin 
and Prop. 

, — Among recent changes in business colleges are the 
MlowiiiK : J. W. FaiT, Prin of the Farrian B. C, Blue 
Kapids. Kans., has purchased the Arkansas Valley B C 
from C. E D Parker and E. W. Gold, Proprs.. and various 
other local institutions, and consolidated them into one 

imtitution Ui lie known as the Farriau National Uni 

The Northwestern Coll. of Bus. succeeds the Schissler 
i-""-,"f B"?-. Manayunk, Phila.. Pa., C. V. Bailev, Prin., 
tly W eitzel. Pen. Joseph Leming has sold the Hazel- 
ton. Pa., B. C. to F. E. WoiKi. J. F. Robinson has<l a half interest in the Webster Citv. la . Coll 

of Com. H. W. Campbell has sold Campbells C C 

Ravenna, O. We do not kniow the new proprietor's 

name. J. E. Porter has disposed of Porter's B C 

Macon. Oa., but to whom we have not learned. Mr 

Jl»rter still conducts the Valadosta, Oa.. B C. Fred 

H. Wildnck succeeds G. Milkman as Prin. and Propr of 

Centenary ('oil. Inst.. Hackettstown. N. J.- E A New- 
comer, N. J. B. c;., Newark, N. J.; W. L. Starkey, Pat- 
ereon, N. J., High School. 

— We have received an invitation to attend the reception 
and banquet of the Utica. N. Y., B. C, on March 13th, 
and the long account of it given m the Utica Daily Union 
of March 14th made us regret that we could not be pres- 
ent. These entertainments are usually given under the 
direction of Penman T. J. Risinger. 

— In the Ciirpcntn- of Philadelphia we find an article 
on "The Art of Saw Filing," by D. L. Stoddard, the 
well-known penmancarpenter of Indianapolis, Ind. 

— F. F. Roose, lately Prest. of the Omaha, Neb., B. C. 
is now in charge of the State agents of the Fraternal 
Union, an aj>sessment insurance association. 

— The Indian orator, H. H. Emmitt. lectured before 
the students of the Washington B. C. and the citizens of 
.Tr__u. » .. ,,_ the subject of " The Boy of To-day " 

n the evening of March I'ith. 

— In a beautifully written letter, accompanying a list 
of subscriptions to The JorRMAl., Messrs. Berkey & 
Dyke, the Cuyahoga, Cleveland, fl., write as follows ■ 
" We are just beginning the second vear with our school 
with a good attendance and bright prospects. We want 
our students to start right and have induced part of 
them to take The Joi'RNAL." 

— C. A. and F. H. Burdett were educated in the public 
schools of Massachusetts, supplemented by Academic and 
Latin School courses. C. A. Burdett took a teacher's 
course at Kendall's Normal Writing Institute Boston 
and F. H. Burdett took a teacher's course at Hinman's 
Business College, Worcester. Both served as accountants 
in representative Biwton concerns. C. A. Burdett opened 
a school in Salem, Mass., in IS76. and it proved a profitable 
venture. In the fall of 1S7U, finding the field at Salem too 
small, he removed to Boston, where the two brothers 
formed an equal partnership and established Burdett Col- 
lege. In IsflD this college was incorporated under the 
Massachusetts laws. The stock is held equaUv by the 
two brothers, C. A. being president and F. H. secretary 

and treasurer. In the early years of the college C. A. did 
much ornamental pen wo'rk and successful teaching of 
penmanship and other studies, together with expert work 
on disputed signatures in courts. F. H. is also an expert 
penman, an all round teacher of Busiues,<t studies and 
has been very successful as an expert accountant for 
business concerns. The past few years, however, have 
found them so busy that they have had no time for 
outside affairs. Burdett College has seats for St*) pupils 













and covers more than an acre of floor space. The 
school is in a very prosperous condition and the attend- 
ance constantly increasing. The Messrs. Burdett are 
alive, energetic, hustling business; men who understand 
the art of advertising and who put out much fine liter- 
ature to boom their school. The institution is well 
equipped and the little cut herewith, showing part of one 
of the business practice rooms, will give some idea of how 
they do it. There are 104 roll-top desks in this rooms 


Messrs. Burdett not only believe in keeping up with the 
times themselves, but in having their students keep in 
touch with the best in the profession. With this object 
m view they roll up a club of 21)0 subscriptions for The 
JoiRNAL each year, and this year had been no exception. 
We have recently placed 211 names on our list from their 
— Chamberlain Inst., Randolph, N. Y., lost its recita- 


tion bnildiDg by fire some time since and O. J. Penrose, 
Pnn. of the penmanship and commercial departments, lost 
many valuable specimens of his own and other penmen's 

— The ^eat Northwestern Normal School, Stanberry, 
Mo., J. A. Taylor, Prest.. D. O. Boleyn, Pnn. of Oom'I 
Dept., wa« tfitally destroyed by fire on March 4th. 

— J. M. Frasher, \Vh(«ling, W. Va., B. C. who was 
injured in the B. & O. wreck several months ago. is im- 
pronng in health and is now partly able to attend to 

|BB^^tS>&i>WiZrt<S( O^^^^Q-^oi 

— E. F- Wentz, who has been conducting an evening 
school of penmanship and correepondence in OakJand, la., 
has just closed a very sncccesful term. He is an enthusi- 
astic teacrher. 

— P. H. Cnmev, Quarter- Master Custer Post No. 6, 
G, A. R,. Tacoraa, Wash., in renewing his subscription, 
says: "The Februan* Joubnal just received reminds 
me that although I have already paid $19 for the paper, 
Btill I owe you $1, and here it goes. Hoping that the 
money will look as clean and fresh and as honestly a part 
of vonr oifice furniture as the ever welcome Journal 
does after its long journey, I am, as over, Fraternally, 
P. H. Carney." 

— L. B. D'Armond of South Knox\'iIle, Tenn., was 
bom May 'A IS7I. Most of his life has been spent in the 

East Tennessee Moun- 

^_ tains on the farm. At 

ten years of age he 
showed considerable 
talent in penmanship, 
and at once he was put 
in that department at 
his teacher's expense. 
He showed such ability 
and interest in this 
line that it was insisted 
ui)on by his own father 
and mother to drop it 
until he received his de- 
gree at the University 
of Tennessee. While 
yet a boy and pupil he 
"was penman at Cai-sou 
and Newman College, 
L. B, d'akmom). Mossy Creek, Tenu. 

After securing his de- 
proe cf B. S. ho graduated with the highest honors in the 
KnoxviUe Bus. Coll., and completed a course in penman- 
ship under Prof. R. S. Collins. While pursuing hie couri^e 
at the Bus. <'oll. he was elected Professor of the Com. and 

Pun. Dppt's at the Danville. Va., Military Institute, which 
place he held until a few days ago when he accepted a 
responsible position in Tubb's Bus. Coll.. Oil City, Pa. He 
is a hustler, a fine teacher, rapid calculator, up with the 
■times in his specialty, and receives the highest recom- 
mendations from those who know him. He savs that much 
of his success is due to The Jolrnal, which he considers 
one of his greatest friends. 

— F. W. Tamblyu, 810 Olive St.. St. Louis. Mo., has 
taken charge of tlie ornamental punmaushp department 
of the Elstou Correspondence and Penmanship Sch., Can- 
ton, Mo. Mr. Tamblyn's work, whether business or or- 
nameutAl writing, has a great delicacy and accuracy at- 
tained by few. He is one of America's finest penmen. 

— The Bryant School of Bus., J. H. Brvant, Prin 
Cleveland. O.. has recently consolidated with the Day 
Shorthand Sch., Alfred Day, Prin. Judging from the 
larjje list of suliscnptions sent us. Mr. Bryant must have 
a big school. Although the institution is entering on its 
second year only, the thorough preparation and long ex- 
perience of Mr. Bryant has enabled liim to push the insti- 
tution to the front at once. The college journal which 
this institution is sending out is one of the best we have 

— Wesley B. Snvder of Lancaster. Pa., in renewing his 
suliscription has the following to sav alwut Tire Jour- 
nal : " Although working in a printing oflSce I still retain 
a love for the beautiful in penmanship, therefore The 
Joi-RSAL is a double pleasure for me. tvpographically and 


chirographically. Mr. Doner's artistically flourished let- 
ter gave me great pleasure in the art line and the make- 
up of The Journal also gives me pleasure. For beauty 
and simplicity I will hold on to the slanting style, with 

— E. A. Potter of Elgin, 111., Acady., in a letter accom- 
panying a list of subscriptions, writes as follows : "The 
success of the Shorthand Department organized last fall 
under the direction of Mr. M. J. Ruetz is very gratifying. 
The present enrollment of the shorthand department is 
about twenty-five. This has l>een a very prosperous year 
for the Business School. We have had excellent success 
with our three large penmanship classes. Not a little of 
the credit is due Mr. Thomburgh and The Journal on 
account of the excellent course of lessons given in the col- 
umns of youi' valuable paper last year. I came to Elgin 
four years ago to organize a Business Department in Elgin 
Academy and began with ao enrollment of eleven stu- 
dents. This year we have enrolled about one hundred 
regular business students and the prospects for next year 
are brighter than ever." 

— The Journal editors recently decided a contest in 
writing among the students of L. C. McCann of the Evans- 
ville. Ind., C. C. Mr. McCann in writing about the result 
of the contest says : " In the contest 1 got up a nice piece 
of engrossing with this wording : ' Evansvfile Commer- 
cial College, Evansville, Ind. At a recent contest in the 
Penmanship Department of this school specimens of stu- 
dents' work were submitted to the publishers of The 
Penman's Art Journal, New York, who decided that 
Joseph Buehner had made the most improvement during 
the month of December, 1895, and is awarded this Cer- 
tificate of Merit.' It has been on exhibition in some of 
the leading show windows of the city." 

— W. G. Roseberry. Brown's B. C, Peoria, 111., in send- 
ing in a club to The Journal, writes : " I cannot refrain 
from making observation on the wonderful improvement 
in The Journal within the last two or three years. 
When I commenced taking the paper, perhaps half a dozen 
years ago, I was of the opinion that it could not be im- 

F roved at all, but in looking over the recent Journals 
have wondered at the immense improvement." 

— The new school in St. Louis, Mo., which The Jour- 
nal announced some time since, is known as the Metro- 
politan B. U., 1110 Olive St., W. E. Hartsock, propr. and 
pen.; S. B. Barr, book, and English; Miss Eva Biddle, 
prin. short, dept. Mr. Hartsock reports fifty students in 

— Geo. W. Burke, prin. of the com'l dept. in Margaret 
Aaly., Onancock, Va., writes : *' My work is moving 
along very pleasantly and the results are very gratifying. 
The Journal has been a text-book for my penmanship 

— The Nashville, Tenn., Daihj Sun contains a column 
write-up announcing that 108 new students have enrolled 
in Draughon's Prac. B. C. during the month of January 

— There are two letters in The Journal office for L. 

— We hold a communication for C. C. French, formerly 


^o^ . 




of Storm Lake, la., but lately of Cmry Uni., Pittsburgh, 




— In the society columns of the St. Paul. Minn., Pioneer 
Press of recent date we find an announcement of the 
marriage of Miss Myrtle Louise Holley to Mr. J. R. Brand- 
rup at the residence of the bride's parents, on Tuesday 
afternoon. March 3, 181)H, at 5 o'clock. It was a society 
event and considerable space was devoted to description 
of the costumes, etc. Mr. Brandrup is part owner of the 
Mankato, Minn. Com'l College. 

Our best wishes are hereby extended. 

Movements of the Tcachera. 

— W. B. Webster is no longer connected with Ingram, 
Va., Inst. His present address ft Franklinville, N. C. 




Bro. Felix has charge of the pen. and com'I work in 

Sacr«<l Heart Coll., San Francioco, Cal. 1. H. White, 

formerly of the Ionia, Mich., B. C, is no longer con- 
nected with that umtitntion. Hl« present address is St. 

Johns, Miih. D. M. Mclver is the new pnucipal of the 

(leneiiee Wesleyan Hsminary B. <"., Limn, N. Y. W. A. 

Blaeel is the new penman of the Catou National B, C, 
Boffalo, N. y. — -J. T. Alvis has cbarne of the pen. 

in Henry Coll., Camprx;!!, Teia». W. D. Gilpen. a 

former stndent of S. B. Fahneetock, McPhereon, Kans., 
now has charge of the Pen. Dept. of the K. W. B. C, 

Salina. Kan. A. V. Feight, late of Healds B. C, San 

Francisco, Cal., is now member of the faculty of the 

Aydelotto B, C, Oakland. Ol. Jas. E. Ander>ion, a 

former teacher in the Broikvillc, Ont., B. C is now con- 
nected with the Associated Manufacturers' Mutual lire 
Ins Corporation, Brooklyn, N. Y. C. VV. Ransom, for- 
merly of Dubuque, la , and late of Sharon, Pa., is now 

connected with the Maryland B. C, Baltimore, Md. 

R. M. West, late of Onarga, III., has severed his connec- 
tion with the Seminary there and his present address is 

aa* S. Hoyne Ave,, Chicago, 111. J. E. Tuttle, penman 

of the Stoubenville, O., B. C, has been made prin. of that 
institution. J. Clifford Kennedy, formerly of Potts- 
town, Pa., B. C, has accepted a position with the Leba- 
non B. C. Co., in the Pa. B, C^ Lancaster, Pa. E. H. 

Sturgis is piin. of the Coml Dept. of the Oakland City, 
Ind., Coll.- — E. R. Sanford, formerly Prin. Coml Dept., 
Clorinda, la.. Educational Inst., now has charge of the 
Shorthand Dept. of Crumb's B. C, Seneca Falls, N. Y. 

W. L. McCullough, formerly of Shamokin, Pa., B. C, 

is now connected with WoixI's B. C, Wilkes Barre, Pa. 

E. F. Richardson reports successful classes in writing 

in Buffalo, Ky. Frank F. Dutton, formerly of Jasper, 

Fla., and Atlanta^ <»a., is now connected witu the Hazle- 
ton. Pa., B. C. 


, Srhool floitrnaU, KIc. 

— A ciitjilo^,'!!!.' which shows that its compiler, or whoever 
islK hill I 1 h. ilii.iir, has caught the spirit of the np-to^Jate 

8t,\li ! _' .'iud catalogue-making is that issued 

by Ml ' M li. C, EvausviUe, Ind,, Lockyear & 

U'll.iiii )■( i|ii .1 ii^ The cover is a very handsome piece 
of work 111 enluis. In another column we show a half- 
tone roi)roductiuu of it. Since the original was in colors 
the half-tone reproduction herewith does not do it justice. 
Throughout the catalogue, which by the way is in two 
colors, are scattered numerous cuts that have a bearing on 
the work of the different departments. The various cuts 
used show that a man with an idea directed their mak- 
ing. Wbile we don't mean to say this catalogue is per- 
fection in typographicjil line and in other ways, yet, all in 
all, it shows much more thought than many more pre- 

B. U. 

— A diLsliy business college journal is that issued by G. 
W. Temple of the Champaign, ni,. B, C, He always uses 
good cuts and gets up a very attractive paper. 

— Among other college journals received during the 
month aro those from the folowing schools : Heald's B. 
(;, San Francisco, Cal,; Butler's B. C, Yonkers, N. Y. ; 
Napu, Cal., B. C, ; Southwest Kansas Coll., Winfleld, 
Kans.; Beroa, Ky., Coll.; Lincoln, Neb,, B, C; Spring- 
Held, Mo., Nor. School ; Ohio B, C, Mansfield, Ohio ; 
Buena Vista Coll,, Storm Lake, Iowa ; Bryant & Strat- 
tou B. (' , Louisville, Ky,; Cleveland, O,, Coml Univ, 

Fraternal Notes. 

riiblic School I>fpitrtitiviit. 

— Miss Etuma D. Evana is a teacher of writing in the 
Lausingburg, N. Y., Public Schools. 

— D. R. Augsburg is Supervisor of Drawing and Miss 
May V. Cavauaugh Supervisor of Penmanship in the Salt 
Lake City, Utah, Public Schools. 

— At the fourteenth annual meeting of the Northern In- 
iliiinii Toaehera' Association, to be held at Marion, Ind., 
April 'J, :\ and 4. J. N. Biu-hteukireher, Supervisor of Writ- 
uij; in the Lafayette. Ind., Public Schools, will read a 
paper ou " The Teaching of WritinK.*' The discussion of 
tins paper will be led by Harry Houston, Supervisor of 
Writing, East Siiginaw, Mich. 

— J. J. Rogers, Super\TBar of Drawing and Writing in 
the Public Schools of E. Cleveland, Cuyahoga Falls and 
Kent, O., Public Schools, in renewing his subscription 
writes : " I desire to take the News Edition of T,he Jocr 
NAi„ and would much rather have the paper made more 
expensive than cheaper. No one can reasonably expect 
a gold dollar for a silver quarter.'' 

— Theodore A. Ericson is a new special teacher of wiit 
iug in the Alexandria, Minn. Public Schools. He is al- 
ready at w^ork holding teiicuers' meetings to discuss 
methixis in these branches. 

— Harry V. Lee of Bayard. Neb., writes as follows : 
" I cannot get along in the school room without The 
JoiuxAL. I have been teachmg from the lessons given 

akmg advancement that i 

iu it and tind my pupils 

prising." To back this up he sends a list of subscriptic 

— H. A. Cables of the Springfield. Mo.. Normal School, 
m a late letu?r writes as follows ' The people in this part 
of the country are hard to get interested in writing, draw- 
ing and commercial work. Mr. Evans, to mv knowledge, 
has done and is doing a noble work and the <lay will soon 
come when the people will be interested in the pen work. 
If you could see the penmanship that is taught in the pub- 
lic si-hools you might then form some idea of their concep- 
tion of the subject. I know of one district that in 15 veans 
had poumaoship taught one t«rm." 

— The mimy friends of W. F. Lvon of the Detroit, 
Mich., Public Schools will svmpathize with him, we 
know, in the very serious illness of his wife. We are 
glad to report that sJie is improving. In refpird to writ- 

ing he says : *' I would like to help boom The Journal. 
for I think it deserves it. It is the best paper of the kind 
that we nave ever had. One of these days I intend to go 
over Newlands lessons and review them in The Jcu'RXal 
if you people would like to have it done. My wife's sick- 
ness prevented my attending the Chicago meeting, bnt I 
hope to be there next time.' 

— L. P. Bettinger, late penman of the Inter-State Com'I 
School. Reading, Pa., is now employed in the Com'I Dept., 
L'nion School, Lockport, N. Y. 

— O. H. Seuglaub is teacher of penmausbip in the Man- 
itowoc, Wis.. Public Schools. 

— F. G. Steele is Director of Drawing and Writing in 
Xenia. O., but since the School Board in Xenia have been 
back sliding rather than progressing, so far as writing and 
drawing are concerned, and have dispensed with a special 
teacher in these branches, Mr. Steele has substituted 
Coshocton for Xenia. 

— In a late letter from Creo. Williams, Vice-Prin., Pub- 
lic Schools, Halfmoon Bay. Cal., he writes: "We have 
decided to give more attention to the subject of penman- 
ship in the Halfmoon Bay Schools, and have therefore 

A Feast with Rare Old Books. 

Hail, mistick Art ! which men like angels taught. 
To speak to Eyes, and paint unbody'd Thought ! 

— J. Chamjiion, 1740, 
Xumber 8. 

Goldsmith's " Gems of Penmanship " was pub- 
lished by the author ("Oliver B. Goldsmith, Pro- 



written you for copies of The Joi'r.val so as to decide 
upon some method." Mr. Williams is a good business 
writer himself and is undoubtedly back of the movement 
to give the Halfmoon Bay Scliools better methods in 
writing. One good writer with a little enthusiasm can 
stir up a whole community. It is not so much the time 
or the money it takes, as it is correct methods and a little 

— Q. S. Herrick. Supervisor of Writing and Drawing, 
Public Schools, Kemlalville, Ind., in renewing his sub- 
scription for The Joub.val. writes as follows: "1 could 
not well get along without The Jour.nal, it contains so 
much valuable information. Long may it live and pros- 
l>er. 1 am teaching penmanship and drawing to -100 
pupils daUy— drawing twice a week and writing three 
times a week " 

— S. S. Gressly is teacher of commercial branches and 
penmanship and Miss Lottie E. Da>-ton of drawing in the 
State Nor. School, Indiana. Pa. 

The footprint of the savage in the sand is sufficient to 
prove the presence of man to the atheist, who will not 
recognize God, though His hand is impressed on the entire 
universe.— HugA Miller. 

feasor of Penmanship") at 28ft Broadway, New 
York, in 1848. 

The book is 1'2 x 1.5 inches, and contains eighteei; 
full page plates In addition to the engraved title 
page and portrait and autograph of the author. 
There ia one page (only) of " Remarks " and " In 
struction, " and one page of instruction in flourish 
ing. One page is devoted to " Lines to a Pen, ' eight 
pages to a lecture on " The Pen." and one page to 
press notices of Mr. Goldsmith and his work. 

The portrait shows a man of about ;*."> years, long, 
wavy black hair, and a " Galway " or run-around 

While the work given in the plates is graceful and 
evidently executed with vim and dash, yet but little 
practical use could be made of it, and as a conae- 
qaence it left but little impress, even locally, upon 
the handwriting of its time. The author called the 


smaller wript mercantile penmanship." bat the 
loops were too lonj,' and the shades too hea\*y to be 

The samples of offhand writing and floarishing 
showed that their author cnuld control the pen, but 
he didn't do it. There is freedom, grace and beaaty 
in the lines, but the uncouth designs i)roduced by 
these lines pain the eyes to look at them. 

A good jjortion of the book is devoted to flourished 
birds, fishes (some of them being " Struck with a 
Metallic Pen in 10 minutes "), swans, capitals, etc.. 
and it Hcems a pity that such skill should have been 
diverted and have been of such small account to 
the author, and the writing-hungry people of fifty 
years ago. 

Normal School Penmen. 

The subject of this sketch, like most of penmen, was 
born on a farm. The event took place en January :i, 
1871, near Williamstown. Ky. For several years his time 
was divided hetweeu going to school in winter and work- 
ing on the farm during the summer. 

At an early age he began to draw and write without 
the guidance of a teacher until a copy of a Compendium 
of Penmanship fell into his hands, followed by the Pen. 
man's (Jmettr, Penman's Abt JOURNAL, VVestpm Pen- 
man, Palmer's Guide and a numl>er of other works on 
I>ennianship. By i>racticing and studying on rainy days 



nud odd nwments he soon became known as a good writer 
in Ins community. 

Ho attended the VVeateru Penmen's Association held in 
Liouisville, Ky.. December, 18H1. met Prof. A. N. Palmer, 
and at once decided to attend the Cedar Rapids Business 
('ollone. Cedar Rnpids. la. About this time he took a 
course in pen drawing by mail from Prof. A. C. Webb of 
NrtshviUo, Toun.. which gave him a start in this art. 

He entered the Cedar Rapids Business College in No- 
vember, 1S!14. aud graduated from the Penmanship De- 
partment in August, 1SSI5. He also studied bookkeeping 
whili- in tins institutiou. 

WliikMii Mlii.vil uud through the kindness of Professor 
Pahn.-v lu' ii.icptid the position of Principal of the School 
of P'Uiiiansliii' aud assistant in commercial branches in 
the Spriugtield Normal School. Springfield, Mo. He began 
bis work there Sept. :i. isfl"). He writes that he '* is single, 
and an admirer of the beautiful of (rod's creation." 

Writing of the World. 

To the Director of Public Instruction. Bengal. 
India, we are indebted for a large package of writ- 
ing from the pupils in the public schools, the busi- 
ness men. and the expert penmen of various prov- 
inces in India. The writing is mainly the native 
style, and hence we are unable to judge of its merits 
other than from the ability to handle the pen. The 
half tone cut is a greatly reduced facsimile of a 
poster executed in several colors, by one of India's 
most expert penmen. We presume his name is 
aomewhere on the drawing, but it is lost to us in 
the labyrinth of native writing. 

Well-Known Supervisor^. 


\V. S. Hiser. Supervisor of Penmanship in the Public 
Schools of Richmond, Ind.. was born in that State in 1865. 
His boyhood was spent on the farm in summer and in the 
district school in the winter. At the early age of eleven 
he had a fixed purpose of becoming a teacher. With the 
money earned in summer he took a two years' course in 
the Indiana State Normal School and a course in Earlham 
College. Since then he has graduated from the Richmond 
Business College, and has taken a coarse in the Zanerian 
Art College. 

He began teaching at seventeen and when not attending 
school has been so engaged ever since. Mr. Hiser gave 
penmanship special attention in his public school work 
after graduating from the business college. His career 
as a grade teacher covered a period of nine years. His 
success and ability as a teacher aud his qualifications as a 
penman led the Richmond Business College to negotiate 
with him for his services. He was connected with this in- 

w. s. HISER. 

stitution two years as penman. When the Public School 
Boards of Richmond and Cambridge City, lud.. '^decided 
to employ a special teacher of penmanship jointly, Mr. 
Hiser was tendered the position and accepted. The im- 
provement of the pupils under his tuition in a term \.^ 
marked. This wan evidenced by their standing in the na- 
tional writing contest last year, conducted by The Jour- 
nal. Cambridge City won ti.rst place in Indiana and Rich- 
mond second. This year his entire time is devoted to 
the Richmond schools. Mr. Hiser not long since gave a 
course of lectures on penmanship before teacher insti- 
tutes in Indiana. 

He is the author of " Hisers 'Reversible' Penmanship 
Tablet," suited to any series of copy-books; '* Hiser's 
Penmanship Handbook," with graded lessons ; and the 
originator of the Standard Duplicator, advertised in The 

I like The Joibnau aud would l)e pleased to see it i 
the hands of everv teacher in this countrv. 

S. W. AcsTix, Supt. of Schools, Lone Pine, Cal. 


How the l^fforts of Vriminals ate InvariaMy Uttvrtiii 

The New York Recorder of March 2, 1896, devoted 
over a column to a review of a lecture by The Jour- 
nal's editor. We present herewith brief extracts : 

The New Jersey Club of Scientific Review is one of the 
most interesting institutions in existence in that State. Once 
a mouth members from all quarters of Jersey, and even from 
New York, flock to the club-rooma in tha Drake Opera House 
building. Elizabeth, N. J. On each meeting night a different 
branch of some particularly interesting science is lectured 
upon by a selected professor of one of the leading universi- 
ties. When the lecture is over, the various professors, doc- 
tors, lawyers and other men of learning, members of the 
club, arise in torn and question the lecturer, bringing forth 
and making clear every point of the subject just discussed. 
The president of the society is Dr. John Younglove of Jeffer- 
son avenue. Elizabeth. 

At Friday night" s meeting Prof. Daniel T. Ames of this 
city, one of the best known expert examiners of forged and 
disputed handwriting in the country, gave a most interest- 
ing review of the celebrated cases, in which romance and 
crime were strangely intermingled. Bis recollections as an 
expert were lucid and entertaining. With chalk and black- 
board he wrote the names which were forged by many crim- 
inals of note, and proved conclusively that it was lmpo.ssible 
for one man to perfectly imitate another's handwriting. In 
part. Prof. Ames' lecture was as follows: 

" The methods resorted to by villains to establish fictitious 
claims to property of deceased persons are simply marvel- 

ous, and the frequency and persistency with which they are 
applied defies belief. Since 18*« more than I.tKlO such cases 
have come under my observation. The chief difficulty in the 
way of such frauds is the estAblishment of some plausible 
consideration, which is most frequently attempted in the 
form of promissory notes, as they are primn facie evidence 
of an obligation. Besides there are book accounts, forged 
will8. deeds, mortgages and claims of pretended heirs, many 
of which cases present circumstances which would furnisii 
plots for the most extravagant romance. 

" Nothmg else that a man does and leaves on record Is so 
clearly interwoven with his personality as hie handwriting. 
Being the joint product of the hand and mind, it reflects at 
once the taste, judgment, industry and the meutal quality 
generally, as well as the manual dexterity of its author. 
Writing is first acquired by thoughtful study and careful 
practice, aud chiefly, at present, from engraved copies as 
models analytically taught. It is, therefore, formal, stiff and 
impersonal in exact proportion to the learner's success in 
imitating his copy. Several learners practicing from the 
same models, under the direction of a skillful teacher, will 
often acquire a style so similar that were each to write a 
line under the copy one after another, the entire writing 
would appear to the casual observer to be the work of one 
hand. Let these learners enter into active business life, 
however, and at once a change is observed, From long con- 
tinued practice the individualities, which are uumberless. 
and chiefly unnoted, come to constitute a fixed and uncon- 
scious writing habit implanted in the mus<'les of the flngers 
and arm, rendering them a machine that automatically per- 
forms all the phenomena of writing well-nigh unaided by the 
mind, which is occupied with its own functions of supplying 
the thought which the machine records. 

."It will sometimes happen that adults having no deter- 
mined or dominant characteristics and who have written 
little, and that under circumstances not sharply controlling 
their actions, will retain much of the style they leornod in 
school. In such cases there will be many coincident types of 
letters and forms, as between their writing and that of oth- 
ers developed under corresponding circumstances; so much 
so that an observer might mistake the identity of the writ- 
ing, just as persons who closely resemble each other are 
often mistaken for one another. There may be a superficial 
likeness in writing as in persons, yet there can be no positive 
identity. Among all the millions of the earth no two are 
identically the same. No more are any two handwritings. 
It is urged that the same person never writes twice exactly 
alike. A person's handwriting varies as to its precise detail, 
but in its general habitual characteristics it is the some, as 
several peas may vary in size, color, smoothness and outline, 
yet retain every characteristic which inevitably and unmis- 
takably identifies them as peas and distinguishes them from 
pebbles or any other object of similar form. 

"The man who attempts a forgery must inevitably fail. 
The tracing process might stand a small test, but under sub- 
jection to recently invented chemicals and instruments is 
bound in some manner to be betrayed. The man who at- 
tempts forgery by imitating another's writing with his own 
hand can always be caught if the forged document is sub- 
mitted for investigation. A forger must fretiuently di- 
vert his attention from his work to the copy he is making, 
which- will be manifest in waved, broken and formal lines. 
But when you take the forgery and original and enlarge the 
names by photographic process, so that each letter stands 
from two to six inchesjhigh, then every stop and break made 
by the forger can be counted. 

"It is not possible to make a smooth continuous natural 
line, and at the same time fre(iuently halt to study copy. 
Study and compare the writing of any two persons, and you 
will find millions, indeed innumerable, differences, each 
constituting a distinctive personality comparatively few of 
which will be known to the writers, and hence cannot be 
changed or omitted at the will of the writer. 

" Note the writing of society women, and you will find it as 
capricious and fantastic as their dress touched out with rib- 
bons, feathers, etc. At least nine times out of ten the writ- 
ing of women can be distinguished from that of men by its 

Prof. Ames then illustrated on the blackboard the methods 
employed to discover the forgery in the celebrated Lewis 
will cose, which involved jl,0(lf).WH) ; also the methods in the 
case of old Miser Russell, the New York printer who loft 
$:W,000 in different banks at the time of his death. The case 
of Miser Paine, worth gTiOO.iXX) when he died, which was 
claimed under a forged power of attorney, was an interest- 
ing theme, as were half a dozen other notable cases of forg- 
ery. Prof. Ames illustrated each forgery and compared it 
with the original. 

A discussion between the members and Prof. Ames fol- 
lowed the conclusion of the lecture, and th»n a vote of 
thanks was passed to the lecturer. 

Recent Public School Book Adoptions. 


Ruscombmanor, Pa., Spencerlan Copy-Books. 

Pownal. Mich.; Peacham, Mich.; Richmond, Mich., Ells- 
worth's New Reversible Writing Books. 

flaiuesville. N. J., Spencerian Copy-Books, 

Newark, N. J.. Spencerian Vertical Cards. 

Clifton Heights, Pa.; Frederick. Pa., Bartholomew'H 

East Des Moines, la.. The National Drawing Course. 

Frackville, Pa., Bryant & Stratton's Bookkeeping. 

Montclair. N. J., Eaton's Business Forms. 

Bill Nye says he was expelled from Yale College " for 
reftLsing to divide a watermelon with the faculty : " "I 
did not take my degree," he adds, " as I left in the night, 
and in the intense darkness was unable to lay my hand 
on it. I took some other things, however, which *lid not 
fit me. and they have embittered my whole life." — Scfujol 


vr^tt :L^uauLS 


n ynar, 5 c<>nU n nu/nhpr. 

Thk pRniAN'H Art Joubkal, News Eomo.f, 24 pagwt. subscription 
prlre. 91 a rirar, 10 cenU a Dumber. 

Both edrtlonii axe Iduntlcal except four added pagcn of Newi and 
MUcellanr In the Newx Edition. All Instruction feature.4 and adver- 
s appear In both edltlonii. 

IT nonpareil line. 92.60 per Inch. 

. . _ _.. __m and space. Special estimates 

II application. No adverttsement taken for less than %'i. 

ful bookn nre liHlPd In 

nd pif-mliim miiiloKiir. iviik ronibinntion 

(Ion \\\\\\ "J our nil I" MiibarriptioM". bolli 

wiIn. -iiiulr mid InrliibM. \^ %vr irtvt' the 

holcHiilcrpducilon on 

NUbiirrlbrr bi Ill-Ill olllir liirurnl v 
thi* bookx In f onnrdiou with Ibf conibinntiun nllt>r, it 
frequrnlly hnppcnN ihni be In piinbled lo obliiln book 
nnd pnper nl connldcrnbly liritN thnn the book nlone 
would cofil of nny dealer. It will pay any InlcMliient 
penion to nnnd n tn-o-cent ntnmp Tor tbiH cntnlosae. 
Mnoy valuable NUKseHtlonii for preaents. 

Editorial Comment. 

Public School Writing Contest. 

Supervisors and special teachers of writing in the 
I*iil)lic Schools should romemher that The Jour- 
nal's Public School Writing Contest will close May 
1"), IHHB. Preparation for this should not be delayed. 
and the specimens should be in our hands as soon as 
possible, so that we may begin arranging them. 
The conditions, with other particulars, will be found 
in the March number of The Journal. 

The Packard Testimonial. 

All arrangements are now complete for the Lov- 
ing Cup pre.<entation and banquet to Mr. S. S. 
Packard of New York, at Delmonico's, Broadway 

and Twenty-fifth street, on the evening of April 28, 
1«90. The banquet is in charge of Chas. M. Miller, 
101 East Twenty third street, and out-of-town risit- 
ors should ask for Mr. Miller upon their arrival at 
Delmonico's. Tickets for the banquet (to be had 
from Mr. Miller) are $•"» each, and as it will be a 
ladies' affair also, it is expected that many ladies 
will be in attendance. 

Amateur Business Writing Contest. 

Those desiring to take part in the Amateur Busi- 
ness Writing Contest should keep in mind that the 
last day on which specimens can be received is 
April 20, lH9(i. This contest is open to all Ameri- 
can amateurs 20 years of age and under. Good 
black ink should be used in the specimens, and the 
specimens should be in the form of a business letter. 
Full particulars will be found in the J'ebruary 

Writing and Drawing in Public Schools. 

Thf Journal believes that the quickest way to 
reach the masses with reforms in methods of teach- 
ing writing and drawing is through the public 
schools. Let us look at the present status in our 
public schools of these two important branches. 
Probably nine tenths of the public school pupils get 
all their instruction, such as it is. from grade teach- 
ers who know nothing or next to nothing about cor- 
reei methods of instructing in these two important 
branches. Of course, these grade teachers give 
what they call " instruction " (some are deluded 
enough to believe that they are imparting the genu 
ine article, while others feel their lack of knowledge 
in these branches), but the fact remains that public 
school pupils do not receive the proper training, 
even where sulficient time is devoted to training of 
hand and eye in learning to write and draw. 

Enough time is devoted to writing in most schools, 
and the pupils should leave the high school able to 
write a good business hand, but, as a rule, they 
write (if rapidly) a scrawl, or draw (if slowly) accu- 
rately-formed letters. Neither style is of any serv- 
ice in a business office. 

Writing is not hard to learn, and proper methods 

can also be easily acquired. But the condition con- 
trontB na — fully nine-tenths of our public school 
teachers are not only not good writers, but lack 
knowledge of good methods, 

Now the remedy: 1. Have a com/)(7cH Meacher in 
every normal school in .\merica. Put writing in 
the curricula of all normal courses, and send out 
properly trained teachers for the next generation. 
2. Since it will be several years before this reform 
can reach the pupils in all grades, a second reform 
must be instituted— a Supervisor or Special Teacher 
of writing should lie added to the teaching force of 
every city and town of 1,.500 or more. The Super 
visor should instruct the grade teachers Iwir lo teach 
—and see that they carry out his instructions. The 
Special Teacher in small towns, where a smaller 
number of pupils makes such a plan feasible, can 
personally instruct the pupils. After a few years 
when the new writing-reform teachers from the 
normal schools take the [ilaces of our present grade 
teachers, the Special Teachers and Supervisors of 
writing may be largely dispensed with. But time 
will determiue that. 

A knowledge of drawing and methods of teaching 
it are more difficult to acquire than writing. We 
would suggest that a Special Teacher be employed 
in each normal school— most likely one teacher will 
do for writing and drawing. A Special Teacher or 
Supervisor should be employed in each town of 1,500 
or over. In the smaller places this specialist can 
handle both writing and drawing. As drawing 
offers so wide a field it may take a longer time to 
educate our gi-ade teachers into handling it without 
the aid of a Supervisor —if , indeed, they ever reach 
that point. 

The province of the public school is not to turn 
out artists; the public school patrons expect from 
graduates only ability enough to draw moderately 

Two objections are advanced by those who haven't 
given our plan much thought: 1. Time. 2. Cost. 

As a rule, time enough is devoted to writing and 
drawing where attempts are made to teach these 
branches. It is squandered on wrong methods. 
Some educators say that there are so many other 
important things to teach that there is no time left 


for writing and drawing- We think that onr pub- 
lic schools arf trjinj; to teach too many subjects, 
and we think that some of these snbjects shoald be 
dropped to make way for writing and drawing. It 
no longer needs argument to convince any reasoning 
teacher that writing should follow reading in im- 
portance, and that every public school graduate 
should be able to draw passably well. 

As to expense, it would not add in cost over $2 a 
year for each pupil in our public schools — a total 
cost of from $10 to $15 per pupil for a five to eight 
year course— and this amount would provide the 
best instructors and send out pupils who could write 
rapid, easy, business hands, and who could draw 
practically any object. There are many other ad 
vantages, but we want to meet our cold, calculating, 
practical critii: on Iiis own ground. 

The point narrows down to the question: Is this 
training worth $2 a year 1 What young man or 
woman (or our older practical critic even) would 
not give many times the paltry $1.5 such a training 
would have cost ? 

The next question : Where can we get our teachers 
and supervisors ? There are special schools of pen- 
manship and drawing, as well as normal schools 
making specialties of them, and onr business col 
leges are sending out thousands of well equipped 
teachers of writing. 

To sum up: Writing and drawing should be 
taught bj' specialists in our normal and public 
schools. More time and money should be devoted 
to teaching them properly. 


ci/cnmoM rL:T{t0^tuniiS 

li'iiKlbl) 1 

Ilr Di'Hi 


. Tnk. 



1 llH' 

.11 mil 


Mil. W". J. KiNsr.Ev. Mannging Editor Penman's Art 
JoUHNAi-, 202 Broiulwiiy, City. 

My dear Sir:— With further reference to tb© conversa- 
tion I bad in your office thin morning, permit me to use 
your columns for the exposition of a fraud. A young man 
called at the office of Eastman College (Poughkeepsiei 
Kome time laflt autumn, and after examining the school 
with unusual care, arranged for a course in stenography 
and typewriting. He tendered in payment of the fees 
for the course a cbeck drawn ostensibly by his father on 
a bank in Orange, N". J. 1 did not see and consequently 
cannot give a clear description of him, but 1 understand 
that he was a man of student-like appearance, slight, gen- 
tlemanly in manners, with dark hair and a fledgling mus- 
tache. Nothing more was" thought of the young man. as 
he Hjvid he was going to live with some friends in the city. 
Hi- (lid not, however, report for duty. Some days after- 
ward the cbeck was returned protested. It was drawn 
for ^(), and the young man persuaded our secretary, Mr. 
Gardner, to give him ?iiO in change. The amount in- 
volved in the case was small, and I did not think at once 
that it was a cheat which was being regularly perpe- 
trated, but about ten days ago a similar thing happened in 
the Now York office. This time the man gave his name as 
Dave W. Smith. He said he was from Pittsburgh.— that 
he had come here to spend some time under instruction, — 
that ho was visiting the schools of the city and would 
probably enter one of them. Four or Bve days afterward 
he returned to this office and arranged to commence work 
the !iext day. He tendered in payment of the feeji what 
appeared to he a draft made by Pittsburgh bankers on 
alwal bank. It was drawn for $125, and his fees for the 
term contracted for amouut<?d to %hh. He made no im- 
mediate request for chanRe. but asked to be recommended 
to a boarding-place. Within an hour he returned, and 
said that he wa.s perfectly satisfied vrith the house to 
which we had sent him. He added that he had made 
with the landlady a bargain by which he could save quite 
a Uttle money if he paid a considerable number of weeks' 
boaitl in advance. There were $70 due him on the draft. 
He succeeded in persuading our business manager here to 
give him this Imlance, and decamped. 

Now, the man who came to this office was not the man 
who swindled us in Poughkeepsie. On the contrarv. he 
appeared t.) be between tweuty-five and thirty years of 
age, was alxnit live feet seven inches in height," rather 
stout and well built, of quiet, unassuming manners, and 
clean shaven. I shoukl add that 1 had spoken here of the 
case in Poughkeepsie and given instructions that no cash 
be paid out on any sort of iiaper. But our Mr. Woods 
was simply outwittetl. He presently suspected this and 
telegraphed the Iwuk in Pittsburgh, but found that there 
WIL1 no such institution there. The draft had been printed 
regularly by the Hamilton Bank Note Co. of this city, 
and from every luiint of view was a d<Kument which 
would have decoiveil nuxst men. I do not think I could 
have been caught in either case, because in the twelve or 
fifteen years 1 have been in this business I have handled 
several millions of paper, and have never made a loss. 1 

have had one forgery case committed by the son of a 
friend, but the money was afterward paid by the father. 
My habit has been to oi)erate under bank rules and not to 
vary from them except with personal friends. 

I suspect that other schools may be approached by this 
same set of thieves, and hope that the information given 
in this letter will prevent the possibility of their being 
swindled in a similar manner. I had contemplated mail- 
ing a circular letter to those schools whose addresses 1 
know, but through your offer may be saved this trouble 
and expense. I know that your excellent paper is taken 
by almost every business school in the country, and am 
very much obliged indeed for your accepting this com- 
munication to its columns. 

With sincere good wishes, I remain 

Very truly yours, j 

C. C. Gaines, 
Prin. New York Bus. Coll.. 81 East 12.^th street. 
Prest. Eastman Bus. Coll.. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 


Ho \Vc 



ml Ex 

ArrountinB-Aiid Penmnnsbip Prnrtirr Did It. 

My bu-iiness is not in the commercial college lino, as I am 
a<'(rountant and auditor for several large concerns, while 
at the same time I conduct a private counting room for the 
training of young men who desire to become practical book- 

Our standard for admission is high, and our prices are such 
that it shuts out all the idlers and brings to us a class of 
young men who are sincere in their aims and willing to pay 
for private and thorough instruction. 

! have been a reader of The Penman's Art Journal for 
a number of years, and I have always found it? pages at- 
tractive and instructive, and any young man with a desire 
and willing to practice can become a first class writer 
through reading and practicing the writing lessons as given 

Is there not some way for you to reach the masses of the 
young men and women who cannot write, and establish a 
series of lesons for home practice ? 

Thousands of young men ought to be improving their writ- 
ing at home, and would do it if there was some satisfactory 
way pointed out for them to follow. I am a great believer 
in home study, especially if a young man desires to get up in 
the world. 

Fifteen years ago I commenced the practice of writiug at 
home, spending my noon hours on the farm practicing writ, 
ing instead of sleeping. 

I practiced and practiced for years, until finally one day I 
left the plow standing in the field, to accept a position as a 
teacher of penmanship, and have from that field passed into 
the wide field of caring for financial affairs of business men 
and protecting their interests, which I find very profitable. 
So, I say that if you can in some way get the great masses 
of young men and women in this vast country interested in 
home study it will be a blessing. 

If at any time I can be of service to you, command me. 
Yours very trulv, 


American Counting Room, Louisville. Ky. 

Wants Rapid Writing Timed. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal: 

In The Penman's Art Journal I find, from time to 
time, specimens of rapid business writing. It would 
interest me, and probably other readers of The Journal. 
to know at what speed good, legible business writing is 
done by experts. 

A statement of number of words written in a minute 
might be deceptive, as much would depend on the length 
of the words. I suggest that facsimile specimens of 
'' rapid business writing " would be interesting, if they 
showed just one minute's work, or two minutes' work, 
with a statement of " the movement " used by the writer. 
From these readers could draw their own conclusions. 
Yours truly. 
David Wolfe Brown. 
Official Reporter House of Representatives, Washington 

D. C. 

A Literary Test. 

fit Xicliitlas recently offered prizes for the best correc- 
tions of a misspelled poem. More than 10.000 answers were 
received from all over the world— from Turkey. Egypt, and 
all over Europe, from a little countess in Vienna, and from 
another in Ireland, and from the grandchildren of Emerson 
and Hawthorne in America, The committee reluctantly 
states that the penmanship of the English and Canadian chil- 
dren is better than that of the American.— Com/orf. 

Though we do nothing. Time keeps his constant pace, 
and flies as fast in idleness as in employment. An hour 
of vice is as long as an hour of virtue. But the difference 
which follows upon good actions is infinite from that of 
ill ones.— Felt fiam. 

It is in the most part in our skill in manners, and in the 
observance of time and place, and of decency in general, 
that what is called taste consists : and ivhich is in reality 
no other than a more refined judgment. The cause of a 
wrong taste is a defect of judgment.— fiurfce. 

This issue of The Jourxai, is l>eing mailed to several thou- 
sand teachers and schools not on our subscription list, with 
the hope that after they have carefully read it they will join 
"■"-family. Should any of the copies fall into the bands of 

The May number of Thk Journal will be a special issue, 
and will be mailed to thou^^ands of normal schools, academies 
and private schools, in addition to those already on our list. 
The Journal fully believes that writing, arawing and 
:ial branches are not given the attention that they 
uid be in the schools of America, and it feels duty bound 

J press we have had quite 

Since the Marcb Jou . . 

nber of large sized clubs, and a steady stream of medium 
Being crowded for space in this issue, and 

and smalle _ . ... 

since so many who have already clubbed us desired to i.. 
crease their clubs, and wish the announcement withheld 
until their clubs are completed, we have postponed our sec- 
ond announcement until the Mav number. This will be the 
last opportunity that will bo afforded for a bu/ effort in the 
clubbing line, and we trust tho.'se of our friends who have 
not clubiiod us as yet will make a special effort and enroll as 
many of their students and friends as possible. Those who 
have already sent clubs and feel they can increase them, we 
shall be glad to hear from also. 

It is surprising how much good one good writer can do a 
neighborhood. We frequently hoar of whole communities 
being converted to the cause of good writing by the example 
and influence of one enthusinstic good writer. Frequently 
this one enthusiastic good writer gives The Journal credit 
for starting him on his career, and furnishing him with cor- 
rect methods, enthusiasm nnd love for his work. Often- 
times a single stray copy of The Journal makes a convert 
of some one who has hitherto been lukewarm on the subject 
of good writing, or who has thought writing had " no educa- 
tional signifleanco." So much good comes from a circulation 
of literature devoted to the cause of good writing that we 
hope our friends will aid us in spreading the light and getting 
as many of their students and friends on our subscription list 
as possible. 

practical education in the least cannot hold back c 

of expense. The matter needs only to l>o presented in the 

proper light to students to get practically every student in 

If any of our friends know of superintendents and teach- 
ers who are not giving writing, drawing and cooimercial 
branches proper attention in the schools, they will confer a 
favor on us by sending in the names of such superintendents 
and teachers so that we may put them on a special list to 
which we shall mail a copy of Thi: Joitrnal occasionally 
until they become converted. 

We have been surprised to find so many of our friends 
who do not know of the two editions of The Journal, the 
reduced subscription rates and our very low clubhinr; rates. 

The first 
ber. 'Do. Joriiv \i :• 
kept in THK.fni kn v 
to clubbing arnui^'. II 
Journal. We trust 
done so will read the; 
of getting clubs much c 


nt has been 
Full partirulars in regard 
riund in ouch issue of The 
our friends who have not 
1 make the matter 

The National Publishing Co., Indianapolis. Ind., have very 
wisely decided to reduce the price of their home instructor 
" Modern Writing." from $£ to |1. This book is well worth 
the price, and students and teachers of penmanship will wan t 
it in their libraries. 

Users of typewriters are particularly interested in getting 
the best in the line of manifolding and carbon papers. The 
goods manufactured by the Rogers Manifold and Carbon 
Paper Co.. 75 Maiden Lane, New York, are high grade and 
are sold the world i " ' " 

used in The Journa 

Messri. Rohrbo' 

inco the sprine and summer sc 

. 'ith the I 

mercial branches. J. W. Lami>man, that splendid all-l 
penman and competent and enthusiastic t«acher, will hav 

desiring to prepare 

The cards offered for sale by Wm. Freund & S<)n8. W, State 
St.. Chicago, III., are of splendid quality, and the prices ut 
which they are offering them rjertainly make (hem a bargain 
that penmen who are interested in securing good card** will 
no doubt appreciate. The eame firm Is aluo offering to en- 
grave a /ac-»f mile of Bignature and print one hundred cards 

'^.^^nmoAli Q7fit>Q^tuntti& 


Tbc ink well for Bcbool dcaks that ii4 itold by the Greeowood 
8<;buol HupnlyCo.. YouDf(8towii. (>.. ba» tbe endorsement of 
btindredfl of tbe leadlDK superlnt^ndenti* and sapcrrisora of 
wiitiniE and tbe (frade tearberi* tbrouKboat tbe country. It 
keeps tbe dOHt aud dirt out of tbe ink and is economical and 
clean. The cost In neit to notbini; when the tx^neDta are 
taken into conNlderAtlon Sch'x;lH looking for an Inkstand 
to ttttaeb to deskf hbould scnil for .'Simple and eircuUrs of 

cellent Ink \ 


J. H. BarrlH. Hupr. of Writlnic and DrawlDK. Norfolk. Neb., 
icbooU, bos a Hpecial offer to make to all interested in writ- 
OK and drawing books. 

An Inkstand that allows tbe InktUK of the pen just right, 
iind that provontM evaporation and is cleanly, and that more 
""'~ » Its cost In ink each year, is sometbini; that every 

sent by < 
more than tbe ordlnarv 
evaporation of tbe ink i 

it prevents the 
its cost in a sfaort 
writer who pur. 


new. It is 1 

Noblosville. Ind. Tbe holder is constructed like the bolder 
of a fountain pen. and holds a i|unntitv of ink. This dues 
away with the troulilnsomo HllinE so common in the ordinary 
ruling pens. Both ruling and writing can l)e done with the 
same pen. It i» i.ononiical and clean, and it is sold on the 
•• your money ba«:lt if you want it " principle. It Is sent, 
carriage prepaid, for $1. 

doOB a large amount of this work each year for schools. As 
a script penman, whether in plain or ornamental lines, his 
work is beautiful, and those getting samples of it may con- 
sider they have some of the writing that it is possible 

.I.E. King advertising manager of Williams & Hogers. 
Kochester. N. Y.. the well knownVdui-ational publishers, is 
always on the alert for ideas that will make his advertise 
ments more ottractlve. He soizod on the " X Bays " craze 
and boa worked up a very attra.tivo advertisement from' 
them by using them as liordor and as center of his advertise- 
ment, to be found on the Inst jiago of thi> 

■■ A Pew Office Buildings in Now York " is the name of a 
very neat and handsomely illustnitod pamphlet giving half- 
tene views of .H of New Y'ork Cltys lending oflice buifdings. 
This 18 issued by Wyckoff, Seamans is Benedict, iiCT Broadway. 
New Y ork. and a most desirable souvenir for any one inter- 
ested in the largo buildings of the metropolis. On the 
twenty.flrst birthday of the Remington Typewriter a census 
of the various typswriting mochliie, in use in these offices 
was taken. It was found that ot the 3.43) tvpewriters of 
twonty-sii diireront makes in uctuol operation in the 3* 
leading oDice buildings, 2,(t!W, or Ts jior cent., were Rem 
ingtons A truly remnrkablo showing. No doubt copies of 
this pamphlet can be had by oddressiug the neorest Reming- 

-C W.Jones, Brockton Bus. Coll.. Brockton, Ma-ss, is a 
splendid writer, and the lieautirully written cards recently 
received from him are gracotul. delicate and dashy. Read 

v~..T'"V'*'''''^U™' £."''">= Scliool Copies, published by O, W 
Nottingham. Van Wert, Ohio, and which were reviewed in 

1 HE JuuitNAl. for March, are meeting with ' - ■• 

start. Mr. Nottingham i - ~--^ - -^ ''"■" 

.t.7»'Jj''t-?''''''''?''L '!"> "ttentionof school proprietors to 
the advertisement of the Dustloss Oil ii Paint Comimnv of 

comm.n?H '""'h"'''' l?"'""* ."Pon the market is very hrghly 
commanded and v;e know the arm to be perfectly respSnir 

«^y ^fv.iUrat'^^? w"ifi"-aVsSte^r;^^^^^ 

Sb?',"^? i"""^" f"' D'""-'*' nro vouehed tor by people in evM? 
line of bu»ine,ss. We believe that it will pay any school man 

?e';iSnd w'irh L'eT"" "''"' '"'''''•"' '° """'""^^ ""■"■ <" <=<"•' 

Answers to Correspondents. 

Tfront S'r.ght''S*r.fS,''J *""i^,'«" 'i"^» Pubhc" fchools keep 
study w?!?^^ etc .V, Sn?".*'""". .*"""? '"' »' <•'<"' "O'-k. 
^iuu> .writing. etc.? \!t\ \Vhat would you doincaseswherAthA 

eri^le'^^T •" K"^""-^ '" "■<' supirvisSr^ing int^he? 
whenthJ,m»,^ir.V""'.''."v' K'^-oa'vrHing ifSju on dS?s 

..1^.^r^ L» ^"""^ °^ "*" modern treatise. Any Rood enry- 
olopedfa will Kive a history of writing. ,l>. Not that we 
know. FVom time to tiino vftrioas supervisors have given 
umts ana boliw on saporvisiou through The Joirvals 
hI"^*"^ ..?-• ^ 5"o'-»«<'*=. Terro Hauto. Ind.. has jost pub- 
lished a Teachers Manual." designed for the use of his 
prade teachers. ^'M ^/ is a Latin abbreviation of deViaeoW* 

— "drew it": tt isasnfflx of Latin origin, and is also the 
word "and "' ; acr. is scrilje or penman ; »ar. is the abbrevia- 
tion of inventor or originator : tculp. or «-. are abbreviations 
of *ru/p/or—- engraved it." U) No. It is restful tn change 
positions frequently. <3» We would use our best endeavors 
and powers of persuasion to show her the error of her ways. 
Failing to convince her in this way we would take the matter 
up with the superintendent and see if he could not induce or 
compel her to do her duty. (61 Twenty to thirty minutes is 
long enough for a writing lesson in primary grades. 

Ans —Our columns are so crowded with matter pertaining 
more directly to the special lines of work covered byTHK 
JotJiiNAL that we find it impossible to print all the good 
things m these jiarticular lines. There are many books pub- 
lished treating of the art of letter writing and the forms of 
letter writing- The Jouknals space is so valuable that it 
is reserved for original matter. 

Editors Calendar. 

Some Border Design Pointers. 


One important feature to keep in mind in com- 
mercial designing is to be on the lookout for new 
and up to date ideas. The X-ray border given here- 
with was suggested to me several weeks ago by Mr. 
J. E. King, advertising manager for Williams & 
Rogers. Since that time I have noticed the same 
idea presented in various forms by several advertis- 
ers, showing how the commercial designers are al- 
ways on the alert for new ideas. 

Use a Soeunecken pen for ruling the X's, thus sav- 

Peirck Manual or LAXOt'AGE Lessons. 374 pages^ 
cloth. Published by Thomas Mav Peirce, (117 Chestnut 
St., Phila.. Pa. 

Mr, Peirce publishes various books for use in his own 
school, and so successful are both school and books that 
many other institutions have adopted the books. What- 
ever he does he does well, and his various publications are 
always excellent from the typographical standiraiut as 
well as being pedagogically correct This book deals with 
language in a way that makes it ot particular value to 
commercial schools and others reiiuiring a short aud com- 
prehensive drill in Innguage work. The table of contents 
will best indicate what the book contains. Tlie book is 
divided into the following parts : Grammar; Missing Wonl 
Exercisefi ; Synonyms ; Detinitiau aud Use of Words ; 
Capitalization : Punctuation ; Composition ; Forty-two 
Lessons in Spelling ; Etymologi,- : Tests in Pronunciation. 
It is a book that will interest commercial school proprie- 

MoDEUX Shorthand ; from the Ileginning of the Seien- 
teenlh to llir Miihtle of f/ie Xiiii-lecnth Cci\t\inj. By 
Noriuau P. Heffley. Reprinted from the proceedings 
of the New York State Stenographers' Association for 
the year ISili. Published by N. P. Heffley, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. Paper, •Zi> pages. 

In this admirable paper Mr. Hefflev traces the history 
ot shorthand from the point where he left off in his other 
paper on " Ancient and Medieval Shorthand " and brings 
it down to within 4a years of the present time. All 
students and teachers will be interested in this paper. 
It covers the ground quite thoroughly aud the iufornia- 
tiou IS put in a very small space. 


I'enincn'it F^xcJuiHgi- l>rpartnu'nt. 

All that is necussnry tu join the Peumeo's Exchongt? De- 
partment is to send iu name aud address, which will be 
printed in TiiKJtU'UNAr. without rhnrge. The only obHga 
tion assumed in .joining i^ to oxchauge specimens of your 
best work with other members of the department. All pen- 
men, whether amateurs or professionals, should have scrap- 
books of work of other penmen both for their own use in 
furnishing a variety of copies and inspiration, as well as a 

J. E. Tuttle, Bus, Coll. Stoubenville. O. 

Henrv E. Wygal. Box 24. Julia, O. 
Otto Newberg. Oscoda, Mich. 
W. B. Baker, Elk City. W. Va. 

— We have received artist proofs of half-tone cuts of the 
Lietare Medal and the illuminated address executed by the 
sisters of St. Mary's Acad.. Notre Dame, Ind., accompanying 
the medal presented to (Icn. Wm. Rosecrans recently by the 
Univ. of Notre Dame. Ind. The work on the illuminated 
address, if we may judge bv the half-tone proof before us, 
must have been a very handsome piece uf work and a credit 
to the artists. 

— Prom J. Wiliard Urmston, Rahway. N. J., we have re- 
ceived some samples of ornamental writing, cards, etc.. that 
show Mr. Urm^toii is making rapid progress. He was n pupil 
of the N, .T Bus , Newark, N. J. 

I-. iim> business writing comes from H. G. 

, llii 

v> V • X • v >~v y <r> < >~^inr^'y"\.y\ from Mitrlnii s<<i,iri;ts, ;i pupil of S. B. Palinestock, McPher- 

XXXXXXXXXX] Hon, Kan. Mr. tSoUums bas the professional swing. 

^^ ^^ y^^ y^ /\ /\ /\ /X y^ /\J -Prom E. H. Brock. Pen. State Nor. SchonX Edinboro. 


ing much time and labor and at the same time pre 
serving uniform width of stroke. Remember to 
pencil everything before applying ink. For the 
corner circles use a compass and pen point. After 
the lettering ie penciled it can be ruled in very 
rapidly with a T-square and Soennecken pen. Note 
how the rays radiate from the very center of the 
large X in tbe middle of tbe design. To do this ac- 
c\irately. drive a pin through the center of the X, 
then placing the edge of the ruler against the pin 
rule the rays as you turn the ruler, keeping the pin 
for the axis. For a more practical presentation of 
this design see last page of The Jocrnal. 

For the best X-ray border design sent me before 
Junel. 1896.1 will give choice of "Ames" Guide" or 
boi of Ames' Best Pens. Border must be original, 
with or without lettering, and be made with good 
black ink, twice the size of the one given here. The 
winning specimen will be printed in The Jourxal. 

A Matter of Distance. 

" Xow, Max. what did you learn in school toniay ? " 

*' I — I — 1 foi^et. papa." 

" Vou forget, SMiy. look at Charley Hopkins He re- 
members everything he learns at school." 

" Oh, well, he aint got so far to go to get home *•— 
Ftiengende BlaeUet\ 

i received a pen sketch that is the work of LouiM 
Reeder. one of Mr. Brock's pupiin. It is a very creditable 
jiiece of work. Mr. Brock reports that more interest has been 
taken in penmanship this year than ever before. 

— Excellent ornamental business writing comes from P. E. 
Persons. Rushford, N. Y. 

— Some handsomely executed designs in the line of auto- 
matic pen work have been received from E. E. N. Lee, 
Stoughton, Wis. 

— A beautifully written letter in the ornamental style 
comes from Q. E. Weaver. Mt. Morris. III. 

— D. M. Kimrool, Ynle. O,. sends a varietv of work, includ- 
ing plain and ornamental writing, card writing, flourishing, 
lettering, etc. All excellent. 

— A graceful and dushv flourish has been received from D. 
L. Hunt Penman. Stockton. Cal., B. C. 

~ J. T, Prince, Bamberg, S. C, sends some ornamental 
writing and a flourish. 

- W. E. Hartsock. St. Louis. Mo,, sends some beautifully 

'iting have l»een t 

Fairweather. HL: H. L. Moutaw. XJSi Burt St.. Omaha. Neb: 
Thos. E. Erwin. Cbattarov, Wash.; (i. D. Harden, Portland. 
Me.; C. P. Bentel. Afton. la.. Nor. Bns. Coll.; L. (,'. Vannah. 
WinsloWs Mills, Me.; J. W. Hazlett. Farmers' National 
Bank, Mulberry. Ind.; Ennis. Salem. Ore.; S. B. Fahnost^ck. 
Mcpherson. Kan.: .J. A. Elston. Canton, Mo. 

— Well executed ornamental writing has been received 
from the following: J. C. Milntire. 110 Evaline St.. Pitts- 
burg. Pa.; C. W. Ransom, The Md. B. C, Baltimore. Md.; 
H. E. Beatty. Riversdale, Ont.; C- W. Jones. Brockton. 
Mass.. B. C; A. A. Clark. Cleveland. O.: R. C. King. 4.5!^ E. 
Main St.. Salem. O.; «. C. Raynor. Brooklyn. N. Y.; A."W. 
Dakin. Syracuse. N. Y.; G. G. Brown, Millerstown, Pa.; A. 
B. Stouflfer. Ada, O. 

Students' Speetmens. 

— E. P. Wentz, Oakland. la., sends us a large package of 
specimens of the pujjils attending his writing school. Speci- 
mens of the pupils' writing on entermg the school and the 
second^ specimen atithejclose.of the course show the im 

. very short time. This improvement 
erves to prove that Mr. Wentz is not 


onlv a (rood wrltw Imt * good tewher. Samplee of his o«rn 

tbe 1 

^„, .„,j ^ _ . ' is marked and 

llidir>t»-H that Mr. Aloorb nixJersUDdH hiH Ipusinesn. 

_ Prom u F. AtkiiiMOD. t«achnr o^ penmanBhlp. Spencerian 
Ban. Coll.. Kvannvill^. Ind.. we bave rwc-ived a large lActrafce 
of HtudentH' writing that lit bnsinfHe wrilInK, trmn the star t^ 
Tbitt T>a4:kaKe ot Hpf 

the be»t Htudcnt: 

I cuntnins not ouly the writinu uf 
. but tho work or the tntire 
daK^. and n fall pane of foolwap fiom each one. Several 
rnpttfi wpre written and tbe work i-* nniformly excellent. 
Mr. AtklnBoo was a ptinll of M>^s^rR Thomb-ireti and Peirre. 
and of foarsM ho rouldnt f^ul to W a good teai-ber with two 
i«m:h exrt'llont models Irtjfure htm. The 8tud»-nt8 of the 
8p4>n«-oriaD Buh Coll. are to l»e cnnirratiilwted on thi* work, 

— W. Guy Rmelwry. Brown« Bus. Coll.. Peoria. 111., sends 
UR Kome Kamples of mo!*t exirellent bujiin^Sd writing from P. 
J. Pa^ot find Mao Um TpHmp«?. Th« writing is of a style that 
Brother Brown dotes on and will never have to b» changed 
after theao young jjeople enter on their bosiness career. 

ruhHc School Work. 

— Prom J. H. Baf ris. Snpr. of Writing and Drawing, Public 
Schools, Norfolk. Neb , we Iitvo rf oivfl a bouni volume of 
epocimensof writioif from th- I'ti-il" 'if th- s">.-ond primary 
gradn. avcrag*^ age eight v h- '■ . i i Mi^--^ Swoyne. The 
apocimens indicate good i- i ' -riii und give evi- 
dence of neatne--**' and car'' '-.■■■ I r :\.inent isf-hown. 

Wo rould give them mor.> m.i. lli_-. [it r ti^ i«m if they were 
written in ink. It looks to u^ like a ufi>,te of time to have 
oight ye«r old imjiiU wiitloK with i»eniil, 

— From A. K. MerrtU. Supr. of Writing. Pui)lic Schools, 
Biro, Mo., we have received a package of npei loiens of High 
School students* writing that wo consider most excellent 
throughout, Most of thi' work exhibits improvement and 
apeel. find 18 executed with coarse pens. In fact, it is busi- 
noK8 writing. We notice that the best written 8pe<imens are 
those from the pupils using the coarso pen und greatest 
speed. Mr. Merrill has ren«ou to feel proud of these bpeci- 

— J. H. Bachlonkirrker. Supr. of Writing, Lafayette. Ind., 
PuMic S'hools, tavors us with a niimb>-r of specimens of 
writing from his pupils. This work iacludes movement 

, Bonteuco writing, and takes in the^ various gradfs 

.uovement and write with toe pe''. All of the specimens are 
ercoUent and it is anottier proof that business writing and 
forearm niovomont can be tniight 8uct'6S9(ully in our public 

- From Miss Mary Stimoon. Supr. of Writing, Public 
Schools. Shenandoah. Iowa, we have received a big batch of 

Buplls' work from the first to the eiKbth crade. incUisive. 
[ostof the work 18 excellent. The pencil U u?ed too long. 
w6 think, as the pen is not intrnducod until grado three, and. 
In some, grade four. Tliis is but tlie second year that the 
!!>heuandoub schools have liud a Supervisor, and the work is 
creditable alike to Miss Sttmson. grade teachers and the 
pupils. Coarser pens and a little : 
upper grades would i 


n'oiidrrfiilly Kkillliil nilh Prii mill Ink, He Hnn 
Tiii'iiril Oiil nil! I iiili'il stnip-i llilln that Ilnvr 
Pnaseil llii' llnllhii-Llvpil Krniierlril ill n Nm 
.Jempy Town. 

The United States Secret Service agents, who have 
for twenty years been endeavoring to capture the 
expert penman who. mei-ely with pen. ink and pa- 
per, has made counterfeits of United States bills of 
large denominations that have passed the New York 
Clearing House and dozens of banks, have at last 
succeeded. The Secret Service men assert that they 


have caught the counterfeiter in the person of 
Emanael Ninger. of Frankfort, N J. 

Several times during the past fifteen years the 
Secret Service agents have been in consultation with 
The Journal's Editor, while endeavoring to run 
don-n the pcnmau who was so expert that he coxild 
deceive the New York Clearing House and United 
States Treasury offl.ials. The JofRXiL artists 
have made $5 bink bills entirely with the pen. that 
the Treasury officials have pronounced superior to 
those executed by Ninger. or any others in their 
possession. This is for the information of those 
who think such a thing beyond human skill. 

A few days ago Joseph Gilbert attempted to pass 

a $.50 pen and-ink bill in a store at 87 Cortlandt 
street— but three blocks from The Joirsal office. 
He was arrested and broke down and betrayed the 
penman, Ninger, whose arrest followed. 

Ninger. for whose portrait and much of this infor- 
mation we are indebted to the New York .S-m, is a 
German. He lived on a three acre farm, and as he 
never worked, his neighbors supposed that he had 
served in the Franco piussian war and drew a pen- 
sion. He is an intelligent looking man of about 50 
years of age. 

Before Ninger was arrested The Journal had the 
following article abuat these pjn-and-ink counter- 
feits in typa : 

"The cleverest penman in this country, " said W. D. 
Randolph of Washington, to a Buffalo E.rpn»s reporter, 
" is a fellow who lives somewhere out West, some of 
whose handiwork I was looking at a few days ago. I 
don't know what his name is ; if I did I could get a gnod 
sum of money for telling it, but the man 8 work is proba- 
bly as well known lo a certain class of people as that of 
any artist's is to tbe best posted critics of art. 

*' Tbe fellow, whoever he is, is a counterfeiter who 
turns out some of the most perfect counterfeits that 
have ever been produced. He has been in the business 
for a good many years, and his counterfeit bills usuplly 
pass through a number of hands before they fall into the 
hands of tbe United States Secret Service officials, as 
many of them do. Probably most of them, however, are 
in circulation and have never been detected. 

" You know, down m Washington there is a museum 
up on the top floor of the Treasury Building, under the 
control of the Secret Service Bureau. It is filled with 
interesting exhibits relating to counterfeiters and their 
work. Photographs of every counterfeiter who has ever 
iieen caught are arranged in a complete rogues' gallery; 
the plates that they have used for making counterfeit 
bills are there, each with deep cuts across iis face to pre- 
vent Its being used again ; dies used in making counter- 
feit coins are shown to the visitors, and the presses and 
other implements captured witb tbe crooks are all depos- 
ited in this museum, which forms one of the most inter- 
esting collections in that city of interesting collections. 

" Besides the apparatus with which the work of coun- 
terfeiting has been carried on and a number of the 
weapons which some of the more desperate counterfeiters 
had on their persons at tbe time of their capture, there 
are large scrap books filled with samples of the counterfeit 
bills, banb notes, Treasury notes, silver certificates, Gov- 
ernment bonds, and a few Bank ot England notes, which 
had gone into circulation, and were afterward found by 
Secret Service oCBcials. Some of these are works of high 
art, and only the closest scrutiny can detect the ditference 
between them and the genuine bills. Some of them defy 
even the expert tellers ot the department until their 
peculiarities are pointed out, but this man of whom I am 
speaking, without the aid ot plates or tools beyond what 
any draftsman uses, produces counterfeit money that for 
accuracy cannot be equalled by auy ot these other pro- 
ductions of the crooked fraternity. 

" Where be works and how he does his work are, of 
course, things the Secret Service officials do not know. If 
they did, they would soon find some means ot stopping 
his game, but tbe very fact that his work is all done by 
hand makes it doubly impossible tu detect him. Most 
captures of counterfeiters are made by finding first the 
tools with which they work. The tools which this man 
uses are only such as any citizen has a right to the 
possession of. and their being found under any conceiv- 
able circumstances, except in actual use making counter- 
feit money, would not be the slightest evidence against 
their owner. 

" It is surmised by the officials of the department that 
the man works in the West, although this is only a sur- 
mise, based on the fact that his counterfeits, which come 
into tbe department witb more or less regularity, are 
usually sent in by banks in Chicago and St. Louis. They 
almost invariably pass the bank tellers, who are, of course, 
unable to tell where they got them, and are sent to the 
Treasury as genuine notes to be redeemed along with a 
qaantity ot other notes. At first one or two of tbein 
were redeemed by tbe Government, which, of course, had 
to stand the loss, but now the experts in tbe Treasury have 
got accustomed to the man's style and can spot one ot his 
bills every time. 

" It was nearly twenty years ago that the first of these 
peculiar counterfeits was discovered. It was a bill of 
small denominat:on— I think a $10 Treasury note. It was 
sapposed. of course, that the note hjld been printed from 
a plate, and the Secret Service operators were sent out on 
a hunt for tbe perpetrator of the forgery. Within a few 
weeks several more of tbe bills came m. and by carefully 
comparing them it was seen that they were not all alike. 
The only conclusion that could be reached was tbnt the 
man who made them was a skilled draftsman, and tbe 
appearance of the notes wtiich he has made since confirm 
this beUef. 
" So perfect is the imitation cf the genuine bills that 

even the red and blue silk fibers which are woven into 
the distinctive paper used by the Government are imi- 
tated with a pen on these counterfeits. The ouly defects 
are in some of the tine lines of tha lathe work, and even 
these imperfections the officials say, are due to the imper- 
fect light in which the work is done. Could the man 
work by daylight without of detection, it is believed 
by experts that he couid produce a bdl that would be 
impossible of detection. 

" Since he began to make counterfeits he has increased 
the denomination of the bills he produces, and now the 
notes which flud their way to the Treasury are for ^.W 
each. How mauy he makes a week, and when he does 
it, are mysteries, and unless he should be discovered by 
accident he will cirry the secret of his identiry to the 
grave with him Only one thin:; can be pre-licated of him 
with any certainty, and that is that be is a draftsman 
of aim 1st miraculous tsleot, whose skill is sach that he 
cjuld probably earn many times as much in some legiti 
mate pursuit as he does by defrauding tbe Government." 

The Woman Bank Cashier Has Arrived. 

The Journal salutes with becoming modesty the 
Woman Biink Cashier. This picture, purloined 
from the Chicago Tribune, is of the pioneer, Mifs 
Emma Anderson, cashier of tbe State Bank of 
Ottumwa, la., since January, 1894. She is very 

young, and is a graduate trom tbe Angnstana Busi College. Rock Isl.ind. 111., an institution pre- 
sided over by J. E. Gustos, a Journal subscribar. 
Urbana, 111., also has a woman cashier, Miss Weber. 

Bright e^ e^ 
Business d^ ^ 
Brochures* «^ ^ 

We design (and often print complete) cata- 
logues and other ^ Modem «*t Business J* 
Literature .^' for some of the best known 
business firms in America. 

Our clients include a few schools^not 
many, but every one of them an up-to-date 
school that appreciates the value of up-to-date 
things. Why is it that the Successful Schools 
come to us, pay us a fair price, cash down, 
while everybody knows the local printer 
would be glad of the job on six monthrf 
time ? 

Probably you are as good at guessing as 


202 Broadway, New York. 

QIank C^rds, 'v 

white weddlnK 
As used by Card Writers and Engravers. 

jZE. 500. l.OOU. All Cards Bent E»- 

X 3W '3e. 81-30 prena Collect. 

X 3W hOc. 1 / SampUa 1c. Stamps . 


100 enKravpd 


a lover of Fine Peiimonsblp send 1 tc, for the following: 

Two Sets of liualuess Capitals. Small Letters. Figures 

anil Buflluess Writing that no living peDmao can 

Specimens of Canl Work and page of Artistic Writing 
that I am willing lo have you compare with that 
of the flnest peomen of America. 

My regular price for the above l8|l. 35; all sent for 10c. 
(-. \V. JONEt^. BrocktoD, Mass., % B.B.CoUege. 

'■_ycAjnaA^ QyfiC (lXu.tAM5 


Common "Sense inK Boiiie (or Scnooi Desks •%%%%%W%%* 

^^^ Rubber Cork ;■'''-' >''rl"< \^ ^ 

W.Klr PV'---- :-1 ."I "rlly 48Ctl 


' 48cts. 

Ihp Ualon. Samplpfl of IVitt1r>s anil Ink npnl on rc* 
cf>lpf of lOrpnlM to pny pofHosr. 

Prof. W. F. I,yoN«. SuiMTvlHor of WrlllnK. of Detroit, 
*»f«: "Tht-y art' Jiutt ibi> thlnK:"Ati(t f*upt- Mii-L."*- 
r«non. of Suit Like t.'lty. uiyn; " All lire plra.^'l. I 
tvoulrl «iu|»[»o44' that you wouUI IK- unahji- to nil your 

Try Thi™ nnil be ConTliirrd. 


VniTE TO DA r-noS'T DKLA Y. 

Le Clanche 
Ruling Pen, 




The nine iXts\%t\% that were detected by the 
ludKlnic committee at the best of the over 6,000 
nubmltteJ are shown In 


Wc arc stilt offerinic The Business Journal and 
the Celebrated Lincoln Fountain Pen (good $j 
value (or only $1. Do you recall the story of 
the make-believe peddler who offered English 
•overelgr^s at a penny apiece ? 

J. New Vork. 

iiHt eo. The PublU- School 

I'liitoii, each, .... 

silver, ' 
(iRtltutlon. I 

■ap. DeslRi . ._ 

for badRos of all Uescrlptlc 

ill] peua. It doi't 

Ink alone 

: If Yor Wast It 

rulliiR and writing ; Is clo-aq and aiway 

rea-h ; will sr " -' " " 

TbouHAndH In 
doD'i ask you 

Le Clanche Ruling Pen Co., 


• %%%%%%%%^« 



Corrosiioiulptn'o sollotted from Scliools 
necUiiitf iinythliiff In tills line. 

All kinds of Pon Work execnt«>l to or- 
der. Ix-juons by iniiil. Send for circular. 
■lis, ftntxl ft'ir 

'■ CIS.. xt:J 


F. W. TAMBLYN. SKI Olive St , St. Louis. Mo. 


If ><>u want the latest ond best work 011 
Book-kooplnir. cither for BiHincss Men, 
Biislnoas Collejics. Coramcrcinl Depart 
inent.s or Ilijrh Schools, ntldross. 

J. C. Bryant, Publisher, 
Bryant & Straltort Business College. Buffalo. N. Y. 



.\rlistic riii.s, 10c : One do?. Curds. 10c.: Flour- 
ish, lilc. : Hibbnn Hnt Mnrk.sOc. ; Specimen Aiit<. 
work. IMc. All the above and bilsino.«a letter for 
Xto. This advertisement will not appear agtiiii, 
so write at once. No postals answei-ed. 


Thyatira, Miss. 

WHAT? A Summer Art School 
"""' • for Teachers. 

WHERE? '" '''^ ^'^^^ ''''^ °^ "^^ 

July 13 to Aug. 7. 1896 

The •■ Lawyer and Credit Man 
and Financial-Trade-Press Re- 
view " covers ihe field of credits, 
commercial law. banking and 
general business. Every busi- 
ness college should see that 
its students read it. Send lo 
cents for sample copy. 

Times BIdg., N. Y. City. 

I Have -A Big Trial Offer to make yoii 
(vertical or slint). DRAWING BOOKS 
(for teachers' use), 25 cents. 

J. H. Barrls, Norfolk, Neb. 

A Binder for the Journal, 

Neat, substantial and c 
fi-ee with each 81 subscriptit 
or will be moiled for 26 cents. 

■iOa Brondnny, 

Practical Public School Copies. 

of Mtrh.: also by 100 ! 

of Pnblir Schools 



An Inkstand that is an Inkstand. Made (or 
service — economy — couTenieuce. Warranted 
to please or mouey back. 

Price. 91. OO. ExpreM paid. 
THE STERLING WORKS. - - Indlanapollt, In4. 


BEGINS MAY 1, 1896, 

TiTuler America's best penman and artist. J. W. 
Lampm.\n ; intended for amateur .tnd professional 
penmen ; bookkeeping, shorthand and telegraphy 
may be had ; board for three hours' work each day. 
Tuition : 3 months, S'2.5 (10 ; « months, $40.00. El- 
egant illustrated catalog and specimens of pen- 
manship sent to any address for 10c. Address 



WHOM? Address 

the Principal, 

II Park St.. Jersey City, N. J. 




InMana. „ 


tat>1|jttK-<l 1*t.M) ItiutneM. ShorthAOd. fenmaiublp, 
rr'-i.«raU>i7 . Indlrldn«l In»lnictl'>n. 600 itu- 
fli-nU annuiilly. Oppn all y»^a'. Write for full 
InrormatluD. E J.HEKB. Pr«i. 

Actual l.uslDfw from -Url to Hnliih. A court re- 
riortcruf 30 y<-nn' cxpcrlonce tcachefl KbortbAlid. 
Haiid>w<nie)it iK-bool qu«n«'n. In Indiana Eleya- 
lor. clwtrtc ilKht. Ka* ami mcam h««t. W. rll« for 
InformallOD. ■ JOURNAL BUILMNO." Monument 


aiw.lU. !n( .-.. ^» 

"""^" "'■■■■" '■'"""iijiiiKE; 1^ 

bill- Inatrui-i 


§ •^/iT 

BustnesB colleae Co. 

I^asbpflle, TTenn. 

Guarantee Position. i-.,.it...i. • u^r^MM■■u.^,r^%nA■■^«^ 

NasKvlll«,Tenn. li»1or-odhrnu>k(T<. U<^rcl)anl<. aoitoitiiri 
Ilo'>kkoprlng, rflnmonahip, Shorlhainl, Tyj-p writing, 
T«lt-ampliy. etc.; VI l^achera. \ wteks io Bcoltkoeiiiiig 
with ut c(|(iaU 12 »1ai>where. lUK) •ludi-nta past year. No 
vAcnili.ii. Etii^r any ihnc, Cltenn bnsnl. Car tar« i>uid, 

<'i.ttiiii:' <<iir kcIk.uI. Wilte Us. (Mention tltU paperO 



("11^ 1 ' i 111. "M'^i. Jurueat, best business col- 
\w '. ' I h'TouKl) Instruction Riven In 

hi.i.L'i II I iitiinil. typewrltlUK. telegraphy, 
.1. I . I . EHtoblUheU 1805. J. F. 


LEOE, School of Sbortband and Teli-grapby. 
Atlnniu, Qa. Leading college Soutb. Four pen- 
men . CutHlogue free. 



lAindori. Coim. Present dcniand for Bradimtcs of 
the rti'titml gmitcr thuii (lii> HUnnlv. CntaloKUO 
tm'. v.. A. BlUUlECK, I'rl.ic'liJal. 

ii^n. (.iTiiiitu nn(i Archtuwtiire! Terma of' tuition 
r.'<iv<.niiiil<-. Ucnil for catfiloKtie. M. A. MRHRILI. 



^ CATA- 

BUSINESS COLLEGE, Louisville Ky., 

M-:ssrt>l.l,t;(iK oppn llirotiKbout the year, sm- 
ili-iits may oiiUT at aiu' time. Catalogue free. 
l.c>ul«vnio. K.v. 

Mcst IDlrointa. 


tinAi-mc SCHOOL and school of ENoLisn, 

\yii,,.|liiK, w. Vu, J. M. FRASHER. Priu. and 





Joe*. Cal. One of the t>«t e<tabllsh«l 

mcceMfu) ed 

of the PaclQc 

Slope. Special Penmausblp Pepartmept 
oflTE. vFeBBER. H. a vfoRCESTER. I 
clsco. For 30 rears the larKfst private school weal 
■ot Chicago. 12,mjO former pupils now prooperoos 


MERCIAL COLLEGE. Klttr»dge BviUdlng Denver 
Colo. Combined Coiiru-. Practical Shorthand 
office. W. A. WOOUWORTH. President. W. A 
McPHERSOS. B. A.. Slananer 12r 



Academy. Shorthand. Typewrlttng and Telegraph 
Institute. Send for catalogue. Son Antonio. 


CATALOQUES of The Capital City Commercial 

■.(llegc and the Capital City School of shorthiincl 
■ 111 be sent free to Intending student*. Addres-s 
lEHAS ft McCAULEY. Des Moines, Iowa. These 
Lislltutlons are nrst-class business training schools. 



.A STONE, Pica.. Is not the BEST, but no othei 
word win desrrlbe It because It Is UONEST. 



SllAW & ELLIOTT. Prour 
Principal. Central Business ».oii 
Ont.. S,HAW Si. ELLIOTT. Prnprlet 
lOT. Principal. " ' ' 

business eoIleKi 

Commercial teachers supplied to 


Klh year. W. B. ROBLVSON. J, W. JOHN- 

SON. F. C. , . . 

attended business college 1 

prluelpaU for 1 

Jness college In 

HOBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville, Ontario, Can. 


like print because the ' *" ' "' " 

Moat widely 

■ written. Learn 

led. P. J. SNELL. Truro, 

IRortb CaroUna, 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL.. Charlotte, N. C. 

I^cel^or oblliji 
TLOO. Olllotfs _ 
a..ti8e. Method ruling 

;, assorted pons, 3c,: 

. B. S. PETERS. Storm Lake. Iowa, does 

all kinds of penwi - - - - 

three doz.. lie. E __ 

•lie., <wo doz.. »I.OO. Olllott 
ero.,31o.: one gro.. tiSe. Metho „ 

Ink recipe. 13c ; either one free with »1.00 order. 

older, t 


F. J. UHLE. m. Pulaski. Ills. Bus. wrItlnE. 

Bus. caps. 18c.; Doz, card.s, 20c. ; Fancy caps. 

aOc; Comblna 

specimens, '.25 and S 

SAVE ^OLk MUNtV b> ordcrir 
matic bUadlug I'euti. Shading Pi;] 
piles of the " Automatic Man." 



No Vacation. Day and 

ensacola, Florida. 

copies of elaborate rcsolutloos. i 


tlriwlng J.T. UENDEllSON, Prln., Box 822,bber- 
lln. O. g-y 

IRew Korft. 


1411 Smith Sth St., Brooklyn. N. Y. Catnlotfue 

I, pentonalij or i>.v letter. HESRY 


■^ - -^'-cured all short 

I Uook-lxepiny and 

' iii-r. Sp(tn«jiAtAught 

' 1 Ill Spain. All these 


Pltninn svst 
1 shovthantX 'fit 



\V. i;. Cll aKKEE. Oswego. N. Y 
sie. N. Y. An Institution of wide reputation, re- 
ceiving a .Va/fonni patronage. 


iTiStli Street. New York, N. Y.. reeelves Day stud- 


Prln. Coml Dept. 

. Journol free. GLICK & YOUNt 

Unstructlon 36^ /IDail, 

Hoolckeepli\g,ofBce routine (all details), commercial 
calciitatloun (including the most successful drill 
niplil addition) taught by mall without use 
text-books. Entries to be made from correspondence 
and business papers mailed to each student. Course 
thus resembles actual ofBce work. Explanations I: 

__ _ . ja'XuT^ ■': 

215 E. aSd St.. New York. 


Write a letter for 

No intricate ten 


for 10 a c 

nd u beuutlfiils 

SEND 35 CENTS lor line specimens of Writing, 

Lettering and Flourishing. Can't help but pleasr 
Address JNO. F.SIPLE. care Bartlf-tt's Uis. (;ol 
Cincinnati. O. 

'. S. HISER, Writing Supervisor Public 

-^^>" ,„o-B„r,»*;r> >"■ -. UlL-hm<md, 

NAME. Send me your name, written In full, and 
26 cents, and I will send you one dozen or mon 
ways of ivrltlng It, with Instructions ; or send me .'i 
2-cent stamp, and I will send you, addressed In nn 
o^vn band, price-list descriptive of lessons by mail 
extended movements, tracing exercises, capitals, 
cards, nourishing, etc. P. S.— No postal cardj 
need applj". *t-li' 

. D. TAYLOR will send you his National 
Course of Twenty Lessons in Writing for only Ten 
Dollars. Terms, one-half In advance. Address A 
D. TAYLOR, oalveston Bus. Unl.. Oalveston. 

AI.ADV TEAC'HEH of Eelectlc shorthand and 
typewrit., graduate of public school and Norma) 
with (1 yrg^ teaching experience, who can also 
1 vocal and Instrumental music. Kng. branches, 
t«., desires w - . - - . . ..- 

wni take model 

AN ALiL-KOI^ND teacher of penmanship, t 
brauches. with nor. and bus. coll. training a 
hing experience In pub. schools and c 

I Sept. 
derate salary. 

Age SD; immarrlod. 
-.R-O..*" — 

ffHI be open for i 
■Ills and — ' • 


Has had ti yrs. i. 
vote schools. Cut 
ranilllar with P> 

'. and bu^ coll. tratnlng^and i 

ul Packard f 

. PamlUar 

-nrtlcc and Rnglti 
i-jui uNo teach la' 

I high schools, Is a graduate 

fl teacher. Age3T: single; hel^it 



igftgcinent as all-round 
%; height 5 ft. U In.: 
& R..F. E.Wood ami 
iry with got>d school, 
ress "E. B. 0.," care 

act. bus., theory of 
pen., rapid cal., civil 

""" ""''** ' 1 Eng." 

u \ !(■:, texts. AgeKO: liefer to Palmer. 
Miinicnite salary: ready 
iMCtlcal stono. and typist 
iinsltlon In same school. 
i>r oom'l. and shorthand 
\ schooL Address" KAP.." 

M^ Sl*i;tl A l,TIES are book-keop., pen. and 
shoi tirinil, but I can teach allconnnon Eng.and 
I1..1 iiial branches und Latin. Am a graduate of Ferris 

1 have had between three ami fi 

sof pen work, 35 c 


pwards. Corrr 
DEWHtJRST. Dtl.;. 
N. Y. 7-.V 

E L. GLICK, New England Bus. Unl.. Lowell 

Mass. I doz. Signatures, on cards— something ^'\^ 
gant.SOc; Bu3lnessCanltals,20c. ; Flourished swot 
—a beautv. 25c.; all for 30c. Money refimded li 
>c satisfactory, Obllqiie bolder. pro|i 

adjusted, 20c. Large stick In 
itlck. 30c. 12 lessons In Ornanii 
urlsnlng, 95.00. Elegant copiesand (Irst'C 

I'i lessons In business Writing. 94.<xi 

of the above named courses j'ou wi I 

make wonderful Improvement. Satisfaction guar 

By taking 
make won 
auteed. Samples tO 

Circulars free. 



flS R NHTIOK flmericaRs Wam tiie Best. 

Underhilt's Rapid Phonography 

Keprcsentii the b«>«i Writers of the Age. 
IlluR- Clr. I'uderhlirs rnlvcrslty, RiH-Uesicr, N. Y 

t»- TUZ USE OF CUTS on thii page i 
'eparture from the ge^ 
tft per 50 cent, extra. 

'list and Instructor. 
Ackn."! .1-- 1 1^ II'- mist* to be the finest auto- 
mail. I . I 'III in the land. Will chal- 

leiiv,'!' t i '1^ !iM-c Oner work. Flourished 

desl«ii I ^ I - . |i t.'>ok. 15 to 25 cts; Dick's 
favorii- I'M ii-iii I 1M.I-*; I dozen Favorite steel 

:fii ct^; ~ dozcu oUct^: I d 

(assorted), with name.llluml 

1 set off-hand capitals. 20 cts: I sheet (8 sets), busl- 
'apltals, 25 ctsj I sheet shading pen work, ^5 

book mark same as at>ove. $1; receipt for dupli- 
cator and Ink, 50 cts. Send 5 cents for sample 
of duplicator printing. 

D. S. HILL. Penman, Draughon's ttus. Coll., 

Nashville, Tenn., beautiful flourish lO cents, caps, 
business and fancy lO cents, mall course $.100. 
curds 1 5 cents. All kinds of order work. 
E K. DAVIS, Pen Artist. Room a8, Vanderbilt 
Hlili:..N;i^liviiIc, Tenn. Course of 12iessnDs In 
iu-^< writ liiK'. *■'*.' 0; ■ 2 lessons In free hand dra^. -_„, 
$l..'in, un elegant flourish, 35 cts.: the finest of 

• 2 lessons In free hand drawing, 

" 35 cts.; f — - - 

: caps, 10 


sale by booksellers and i 

__ _e U. S. r-' '- -• 

ample colors, prices, etc.. 
frer. Special prices to deale 

"Mant" me. 

In anmoerirto advertUementsgtoned hu a tiom-iU- 
plume, dektys and mistakes are avoidea tni eealimi 
and stamping the replies ready for maUinq atfi 
writing the n«m-<Je-ptume in a corner^ then incUiK 
ing such sealed replies irt ait envelftpe addressed 0- 
The Penman''s Art Journal, sot Broadway, Neu 
Torh. Postage must be sent for forwarding Cata- 
logues, Neuvtpapers, Photographs, Ac . 

Situations XP(Ilantc&, 

Retidv any time. Address ""EMPIRE/' carVPKNMAN*s 

I TEACH book-keep., law, pen,, nrllh., correspond- 
ence, gram., civics, economics, mil. tactics, sing- 
ing. Atteadeil Urockport, N. Y. State Normal and am 
a graduate of Rochester B. U. Have had 7M yrs. pub. 
and bus. school experience. Age i6; weight 172: 
heights ft. 10 In.; married. Refer to W. * R. and 
others. Will take moderate salary. Ready any time. 
Address " D. B. R.," care Penman's ART journal. 

ITE * CH Benn Pitman shorthand, typewrit. , 
iiiKikkrip,, arlth.. Eng. branches, pen., etc., and 
ii ,v. , .III : tit. .iiHl bus. coll. education. Had s yrs. 

I II ' M' I iiriie. li^yrs. in pub. schools and have 

■ ^i>L■rlence as private secretary with 
I :imlllar with W. & R. texts. Good 
light IHO; height Oft ; unmarried. 

. s. Ready any time. Want fair salary. 

Pknman's Art Jourxa 

writing withlyi 

k ':'! 

Address "M. T. R., 

I Shorthand and type- 

dKlu.'-lcy. Ucadj' July 
Jdress"E. L. Vir.,"care 


and short h 
brings I 

ERfS- niKEAl. 


qualntauce among scIk" 
management to select t^-n' 
Small fee is charged the i 
to the school. Reliable ^i 
well quallfled, reliable I 


r lists. No others need apply. Address 
20a Broadway. New York. 
¥ TEACH BennPir 

typewrit . Eng., civics 
iduate of high 
yrs. experleiici 

[) bus. schools. Age 25 ; 

salary with good 

teaching e 

Seminar}- (3 yi _, 

perleuce, will be ready June 22d for post' 

n as teacher of bookkeeping, pien., com'l. law, cor- 

_ _.<pondence. arllh , mllltai-^' tactics. Can also teach 

economics, civics. pb>*f)IC8, German. Latin, £n^., geog., 

of bookkeeping, 
-■■"i , military tr - 
pb>*f)IC8. Gen 
J. typewrl*"- 
100: height f 
ry, academy 
Moderate salary wanted. 

pbyalology.hlstory. typewriting. 
age 24: weight 100: height ft.; 
dept. of seminary, academy or military school In East. 

^rrled. Prefers 

Pe.vma.v's Abt Joubxai. Teachers' Bcreav. 

1 mouths' teach- 

lake low salary. 

. A. L.," 

ATEACHER with 7yr8. experience loall-roun<l 
bus. coll. work, with s yrs. In pub. schools and 
graduate of Oera City B. C, who spent 3 yrs. In literary 
school, wlU be open for engagement July ist. Can 
teach hook-keep., bus. writ, and arlth., anJ all com'l. 
branches and nearly all academic. Familiar with W. 
AK. Mi]-*^<e!ma!iaDdEilistfxts. Age 31; height 5 ft. 
Ul In.: wflirht HVi: rrtfirrli''! Hi^fcrs tO Husselman 
,in'f ..llni- W.iiil-f.iii w nil ifoodschooL Hls 

■■■. I ■ ■■■ - I 1 .. in I IT ■, r ' . r , hi.iic and has had 4 

w - . > I" ■ I. ti. !■ ni (■■ ,. i.'ji ■ iii,tii<l and typewi-lt.. 

. N AI.L-KOrND < 

position Jul 

taken special work 

ng. political 

'. schools and .St 

, who has haff 

cicnce, economics. 

teaching experience 

DnI., will be ready fur 

high school and com'l grodu- 

Ellls*. Sadler's, W. ft K.. B. A S.. Practi- 

cal and all standard texts. Age 27 : height ' ft. 10 In. 
weight 180; unmarried. Strongest endorsementit froi 
leading educators. Wants fair salary with gofi 

eight 180; unmarried. Strongest endorsementit from 

" educators. Wants fair salary with go"! 

Address " BEX," care PcMLA-t's Abt Joi^bkal. 



VTEAC'HER of book-ke*^.. law, arllh., and oen., 
^ho<~»n !i<«l«t In rr-ffllnir. "Tyrll.. amun. and cor- 



V f*PECI*l,TIEf* an* biui. prac. «l< 
ork, com"! Uw 
Can t««rb all t-om'I brancht«._ Spent I 

DUoQ. III.. Normal and am a irra*luaU! of Oem cu> 
II. C. Have had alx yn". U-achfnfr ejcperlenc© In pub. 
and bo.. «hooU. nmlUar with W\ A It-. M»w^I- 
man* and Elll*' njriWmN. Ari- a*J: welRht IBSihelttnt 
T,ti. 10 In.: marrlpd. sironjc rcfcrenws- Brady Juiy 
Ut. Want fair salary wHh itrKxl nchool. Addrww 
'■ S. K. ».." car*- PhSMAXV Akt J..I \:s.M„ 

Xleacbers HOlaitted. 

KRS' III ItKAl'. l-.nmaiuhlp.Comimrclal. 
aD<l Hhoririiiii'l itii'l tviM-w-rltlnic branc-hcit oulj. It 
l,rl„«. I.a.l.... .....1 _;.h...:l. -..K.H..-r. . ;V.lW«.r- 

TV WANTED.— A teacher of Bookkeep- 
ing. PenmanHhip and Arithmetic ; 
mimt be not le»9 than 25 years of age. 
write a superior hand anil be thoroughly 
<liialified to teach Bookkeeping and Arith- 
metic. Ill application state refereni'es, 
experience, nnd salary desired for an en- 
gagement of one or two years. A suffi- 
cient salary will be paid to secure the 
sei-vice-s of a first-class man. 


Albany, N. Y. 


lUKOKi: i^ Lyiy 



Hy tumliii: u rrank ou<-'s liand cm 
ptTfvcl citvW. Ily the fUime principle 
(TTooved \k 


Orooved copies are various alphabi-ts of capital: 
- (ttaniped Into "- "^ 

_ _ _ d end of each 1 

continuous movement exercise. 

By plaelnRQ Dolnted 

_._lw, and movIUK thrr.uK.. ,k _^ . 

hand Is trained to the correct motion, and t 
moke a perfect letter with the eyes shut. 

A sure, (lulck way to Rood inntn.-iii-^Iiip I* 
(trooved copies, and master nm-<T 'if ;i tin 
uBlriR thesecoplcHwlih'i til' (■ ni. r ...-ii 
iH lo secure correct position mi 
the (fToovcd copies train th.' ■ 
c<iple.s are used without coat r^i i . ■ i . 

Prof. A. H. HINMAN, Worcester, Mass. 

BiJant&Stelton MODERN 
Business College ! 


•Langest- Oldest-- Best- 



MosrLuxunousiy Furnishes Scnoot^AMcmcA 




I This is the latest and best up-to-date sys- 
tem of clear, handsome, everyday writing 
I in existence and it is of incalcuhiblc value 
to any one who is ambitious to write a first 
Iclass'hand. With the proper material at 
j hand for practice and the use of this work 
I the acquiring of a distinct, elegant style of 
1 writing is merely the question of a short 
time. It is the most comprehensive, com- 
plete and sysiematicaUv prepared work of 
' us kind ever published.' It pays to get the 



Business Brms Supplied with Help 


Send for Catalogue L. 

FREE. For three one-cent stamps to pay cost 

of FPtiini postage aixl naper used, 1 will mall t« 
(tiiy rt'ailcr of Ihe Aut .idvhnal a sperlnien of my 

Inks and Onianients used with the automatic 
pens. A, B. UUSHMAN, Auto. Shading Pen Artist 
und SIku Writer, Humboldt, Kansas. Please say 

best and the best in this instance costs very 
Dci not delay in sending for it. 

liule in ( 

on to the benefits derived 

Modern Writing:" which contains 

Ldinplcte information and full instructions 

will be sent prepaid to any address upon 

receipt of the price, $i.oo. 

Kt'niittiiiict'S can be made bv V, O- Order. 
Uetfistercd Letternra $1 bill IncUiseil in 
your letter, und sent ut our risk to 

THE NATIONAL PlJi. CO., IndlanniiolU, Ind. 


Salary «iri.(iO \u 
I stamped env.i, 
I 87 Plymouth I'l 

\-^TKKN **TATK.-A 

take charge of 
ous, anin.. etc. Splendid 
I of good address. P. A. 


E AUK often unable to present desirable c 
dldfttcH for poHllliinH to tenob commeri 
ches. Send for our Atieney manual. 

C. A. SCOTT & CO.. 

ID Trcmont St.. Boston, 

and i6g Wabash Ave., Chicago. 


IJ |-< l-H H,i,-,.n,l, I),.1,V.T. Col.,. 
•X^*-< ■—*«-. T. Parks, Mauuger. 
Charges, One-Half Usual Rates. 

i,.s \I.,s.iri>ns-.'il. B..rvico» hoiii-st, of- 
Kiiil" liy I-oailinit E<liicat.>i». Wo 
Kiii.\vlmlB<'o'Vacaiici..s. Write today 

Zanur SAV8 :—"! shall din-ct oppUcaiiUfor positions 

wt pay for knowledite of vaeanrles— that's why we 
nn«l them, anil that's why we ean help you— estch the 
point » If won ironi n poftlton or tracher, write us 
111 oriee. Cln'Ulars free-they explain all. W. T. 
I'AHKS. MuB., EgvlTiBl.K TKAiiiKns' BrnKAr, Den- 


ANTKO a thoroughly t'ompeteat lady teacher 

TT of HtijuoKr«ldO' (Onibam system) to lake charj 
of n well vst^itdlsheif shorthand department. This 
n Kood uermuuent position for toe rUfht perso 
AddiVM at onco. " ENTERPRISE." eare Pksuan's Ai 



r boofeboepinc and short- 

sehool has thn 

l«r(n»elty. This l- :i -!>'''i 
tn a proprlet^ir.t w»> wuh 
Ihe c<»untry. Address, 

WA HTEI>.— A (hnmughly competent eommerclal 
nt&n for the prlnolpalshlp of one of our colleges : 
nuiitt have executive ability. I'xperleui'e and higne-'it 
rvferenoeii. stAte all uoceMory loformatlou In ftmi 
letter. eueloRlng, If possible, photograph. Uassby Brs. 

K Co.. Columbus. Oa. 


to take eharveot the Busines 
it-iit of a Business Collwe In i 
who makes a specialty of 
>rrvispondenoe, Rapid Caleula- 
ishlp rpqulred.) School year, 
witn reply, photo and testl- 
ud all particulars tn first letter 

Engagement to be^u Sept. 
be lssue<l. IVrmanent place 

1st. ArraU4{vments to be 

new catalogue, soon to b_ 

for a Kood nuin. Address (sooni 
HAxNt Art JniiutAU 

One faniluar with Ellis Svslem preferrtHl. Must 
be able to leiaeh finxUsh branene« ami a fair business 
writer. Location, a cltv in Pennitylvauta. state age, 
lielgbl, wvlsbti married or &liu;le, teaching and busi- 
ness experience, ref:;. and salary, which should be 
reasonable. "PENN." Joitrsal Okfick. 

(. \, I -iii-rthnnd and typewriting teacher 

. l'i;sMAS'8 Art Journal Tkachers' 
.ivsay.New York. 
I.I oiMi \. I iMcher of Benu Pitman shorthand 
. I . I ^\;inted. Address Penha.n's Art 

I 1, , \ i I I s III I - DuRKAii, 202 Broadway, New York. 

1 \ IM \ N A .—Wanted two teachers of penmanship, 
oiu'l. branches and com'I. law in larne school. Ad- 
rt.>ss I'KSsiAN s Art Journal Tkachers' Burkau. 202 
Broadway, New York. 

..^ __ all-round com'l teacher 

1 be expected to take full charRc after 

L.— YnuHK 

ed. Wlllbt --.- 

first year. P. A. J. Teachers' Bureau, 

ni A ^Sa— An experienced male teacher In shorthand 
not under 25 Is wanted by school In large city. A man 
of <ilgnity and penman preferred. P. A. J. Teachers' 

M As^S.—Penninn and com'l teacher wanted. Ad- 
drL-.<<.s Penman's Art Journal Teachers' Bureau, 202 
Broadway, New York. 

MASS.— Penman, teacher of com'l and EnsHsh 
branches wanted. Address Pknmak'b Art Journal 
Teschers' BURfAU, '202 Broadway, New York 

\I-'.\V YORK.— Fine penman and A I all-round 
. . IKK. I. I ii M r. Fine school, good salary, good 

I . ' 1 1 I I 1 1 1 way. Now York. 

s I , \\ \ < I K K . — Wanted Penmi 

W i S.— Wanted, all-round com'l teacher. Address 
Pk»uan's Art Journal Teachers" Bureau, '202 Broad- 
way New York. 

TEXA8.— Commercial teacher wanted. Address 

■> Art Journal Teacher;*' Buhe 

Art Journal Tkachkps' 
iUuKAi', 202 llrnadway. New York. 

NEW YORK.— Shorthand and com'l branches 
teacher wanted. Address Pbhman's Art Journal 
Teachers' Bureau. 802 Broadway, New York. 

N. v.— An Al teacher of pen,, book-keep., etc. Is 
wanted for a responsible school. Good salary. P. A- 
J. Teacher's Bureau. 

NO. DAK.— Teacher of Eclectic Shorthand 

_ t In school pre- 
T Journal Teachers' Bu- 

who will take small 
forred. Address Pksiian's Art 
REAU, 208 Broadway, New York. 

OHIO.— Wanteda male teacher of Eclectic short- 
hand and typewriting for large bus. coll. One com- 
petent to take entire charge and manage the depart- 
ment. For particulars address Pknhan's Art Jour-val 
Teachers' Bureau. 802 Broadway. New York. 

it II lO.— Wanted, young man to take charge of bus- 
roll. Address Pexuas's Art Journal Teachers'. Bir- 
RKAU. 802 Broadway, New York. 

PEN W.— A teacher In Benn Pitman Shorthand who 
can assist In Eng. and book-keep- wanted at once. 
Gentleman preferred. Salary low, P. A. J. Teachers' 


PENN.— A teacher of Ellis System, Eug. branches, 
etc.. wanted for school In large city. P. A. J. Teach- 
ers' Bureau. 

PENN.— Teacher of New Rapid Shorthand wanted 
Address Penman's Abt Journal Teachers' Bureau 
802 Broadway. New Y^ork. 

PKN'N.— Teacher of Ellis system and arithmetic 
wanted. Address Pbnhan's Art Journal Ti 202,Broadway. New York. 

^^ N \ . I >\ ■ ii .1 111 I - I't' shorthand and 

I, \ ■ \-. •■. PENMAN'S iRT , 

I lUvay.New York, 

r I.N \ . \ . . : . . i < uijiansblp an 1 
ly. Address Penman' 


i. commerelal 

hand teacher wanted. Good opening for 

Address ITt-VMAS's 

i Brividwa.v. New York. 

JoCRSAl. Tkachebs' 

charge of school 

_ _ _!NMAN's Art Jour 

Nal TEAcuKRti' Ui BtULU, 8u2 Broodway, New York. 

PENN.— Wanted a teacher of Eclectic shorthand 
and com'l branches. Address Penman's Art Jocbsal 
Teachers' BtmsAU, 808 Broadway, New York. 

PENN.- All-roundcom'l teacher wanted. Address 
Penman's Art Journal Teachers' Bureau, 202 Broad 

RHODE ISLAND.- Aflrst class all-round pen 
man and teacher of peumuuship, arithmetic an( 
com'l law wanted by a leading bus. col". Sept. Ist 
Address Penman's Art Jouhnal Teachers' Bureau 
202 Broadway, New York. 

SOVTHERN STATE.-A young man as man 
a^r for commercial school. P.A.J. Teachers' Bu 

WISCON-IN. — Giabara shorthand and type- 

*vritinH t.'uhi-r wanted. L»dy. Addrcis 

Art Joubnal. Teachers' Bckeaij, £08 Broadway. 

JSustness ©pportunttics, 

|"F YOr WANT to reach penmen, rnmnicrcla! 
Itlng ana drawing, etc., Thk .Imi k^vi - ^^ mt . ui 

colunm to put you In 

... eeU one inch._ If twu ini«erlionH 

s »nia for in advance (VH) the ailvcrilHcr 
111 be entitled to a third iuscriioii free, if 

;i^OR SAI^K.-The good will and plates of a well 

!* advertised and widely used setof writing lessons. 

jpper plate engraving ; thousands of dollars spent 

advertising ; International reputation. Reason fur 

__lllng: conflicts with present business of owner. A 

good thing for a hustling advertiser. Address "WRl'i 

ING LESSONS." care Penuan's Art Journal. 


J. KIKSLEV, 202 Broadway, New York 
writer of adv ■ - ..._ . 


Scbools jFor Sale. 

IF YOr WISH toM'l! vuurs.'h.H.l ..r l.i hiiv niu- 
or to find a partner, I m- ,l.ii i s m ■ \^ .nn 

jvilldothcbualnessat -h I I i i i 

peiise. Practically all i 

and teachers In Amer). i [ii , i ,, 

adv't in these colunuifi uiii iii.M'r ui,,i( \i,ii ti.n-' r. 
say before them. 

The price in ^'i.SO each insertion lor adn 
not to exceed one inch. If two initcrtioni 
be puid tor in ndvnuce ()$.5) the advertiHei 
will be entitled to a third iuHertiou free, i 

FOR SALE.-Cheap for cash. A well established 
growing business college, lu pi-omtncnt Eastern 
city of 18.00U. No competition and large surrounding 
territory to draw from. Attendance for '«« to dat*', 
7f>. A paying school : excellent prospect of growth. 
Success assured. Address, "CARH,"^care Penman's 

dt»K/\/\ CASH will buy three quorter Interest In 
Ci7f>V/Vf a well established Business College. 
Tuition receipts January, nearly 8400. Schonl has Al 
reputat on. Located In a city of nearly 20,OcjO popu- 
latlon. A splendlci chance for voung man with push. 
Address " $500 CASH." care Penman's Art Jourkal. 

Jfor Sale or tEra&e. 

AVE VOU some rare works on penmanship, 
,e valuable pen specimens, some penman's 
sr anything that you want to sell or trade? 
idvt in this column will talk to the largest 
select audience Interested in things of this 
" 's possible to find. Yau may have sor 
~~ hand that you want U> turn In 
? for something you can use. Try i 
tui. auu itee uuw it works. 

The price i» S2.50 encb insertion for ad 
not to exceed one inch. II (tvo iuNeriioi 
be DBid for in ndvqnre '9.'Si the ndveriiHi 
will be entitled to a third insertion free* 

FOR SA LE.— A Umltetl number of Compendlums 
of Vertical Penmanship at 25 cents cach-«7u>- 
half the regular price. This offer Is good until April 
Ist, IStMl. ^Flrst come, first served." Address t(><fav. 
before they are all gone or before you forget It, ZAN- 
ERL\N aAT COLLEGE, Columbus, Ohio. 


FOlt SAI.K.-Conlesr-.rsMlr I h-iv.'.i r.'w^efs, 
pcf,-wrStUnci>iy{pHUwU,\n, ■ : f i .s Cat 

Itals and Ornamental Cii : < iirlval 

learners, which t will mall, i i i h ■ '^ tnr aOi 

C. C. LISTER. 24. J8Cry«t III v^ i •■ ^l.l. 

FOR SALE. -A copy of " Wllilams .* I'aekard's 
Ccms of Pemnunslilp" In ijcifect col 
I. Price *0. "PENMAN." care Penmas's All 

^ ^ r 

Scbool jf urntture anCt Supplies 
3for Sale or Brcbanoe. 

ARE vol) iiuttiiiK in new furnlfure, and woiihl 
you like In dlnixis.- ut y.ur oM riirnlliii'.- ? Are 

your seeoiiil -hand bnok.-* '" w' 'i" '.i, ''';'. (.'imyor 

trade for some second Ii.mi. iiooks? 

Changes an- KolRK on all till i ii.i. k«. fur- 
niture, typi-wrlter.-* or Jiui.pli' I I I ii-i' with 

may Ij.- iii-^i wli;it '..' ■■....ii-i IiI.k, They 

M-i' ■ T iMiri.h. .1- ..I .i.iiiJir.i. The Journal 

v,.m- ,•■ ...I ^...^ i^U j< In'.i/l lmm!Mi'-!HU[ip?i(.s'?e^^ 

The pri... i* !-ij..-»« each insertion for ndn. 
not lo cx.e.d our hi.h. If two inaertionit 
be unid lor in HdMiore [!95i the ndverliNer 
will be rntirh d r.> <• third iuHerlion free, il 


Reaultof 81 yeiii-s' .'xp. n.'rn .-, 
i>ne Dollar per Orosa or Ten Cents per Do/en. Send 
for a THul Orilrr To-ttau .' Addre.'»s, 
Y. M. C. A. Rldg. E. H. ROBINS. Wichita, Kan. 

SCHOOL FIJIIMTI It !•: W l\TI'!>.-Who 

has a dozen (.i nhs i i.ii.i.-s, ;!!^ to 

4 ft. long, with liii I ! 11 nil' U keep- 
ing, to sell cheaii ■■< i n Iv new 
cherrvdesks, art In. I i i, .M.llron 

frame? AddrcKsl-l \1MI :i - I m -. ^ > iI.LEOE 

Plalnllcld, N. J. 

SIX <'AM<^RAFII Typewrit. 
Remington or Smith-Preniler typewrit' 

S4-11 cheap for cash. A<* ■- '■ * 

Bus. Coll.. L( 

Mimeograph (new) No. 12, for use with type- 
writer. Will sell at a bargain, or exchange for chiro- 
graphic mlnK-.nraph No. 17. Als'^i.oneSlmDlex Printer 
for sale; 201) copies may be taken from the original. 

trade for 
-8: or win 
Address E. J. WRKlHT. B. St S. 

FOR SA I.E. -Eight large tables In koo<I condition 
with drop lid receptacles for booKs, and raised 
shelves In nflddie. Will accommodate six students 
each. Will be «(.id very low. Address MEHAN A Mc- 
CAULEY. De.H ilolnes. Iowa. 

FOR SALE.— Two Notional typewriters, as good 
as new: one used one year and the other eight 
months. Prlee. for one, «2.'i; for the two. »40. Ad 
dress "NATIONAL," rare Pksman-s Akt Journal. 

■Rames 'CClante^. 


and Phllodolpbi; 
a beautiful Po)-k 
sylvanla. Addi'f 

Ik City 





I seltTte'l a>x>v( 

ught Id thP Brooklyn. >". V-. 
High s* hool wnere 400 pupUa are Btudytiuc it ? 

been ■'lopt«d by over 5OT of the leiiln? JJnlTersHIea. Colleges. Academies and 

HUcb SchooU of tbe country within the pa^ 5 
nds of •tcno^raphCTi u-ie and recommend It eDtboslastlcally eTerrwhere 7 
n-dA of writers of the old ^hadei and poiltlon syatems chanKln« off to the PEBSIN T 
•ivc the cxclualve WORID-S FAIR award of MEDAL and DIPLOMA ? 

The School Poird wa-* convinced of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 
SOLELY on that irrrtond. ^^ 

COMMON SENSE thorthond. quickly learned. READ LIKE PRINT. 
lableof the highest speed, and adapted alike to the comprehenBlou of the 

— -^ ^ The Sc 

Because ?EiS 

child and 

It ha-i i\'> -SlIAlJlNO. no POSI nOS. few word BlRn*. 
iJKCAUSKItcant>e learned for practical 
They feel the newl of a more facile and I^ble nhorthand, 
It wan adjudged the BEST of all nhorthand ?>■ 

the trord. 

IS W£KKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS. 

II. II, I'EKMN. - 



Come bul OOOT n >e«r. bm me TWENTIETH 
CENTURY SHORTHAND In an every-da)' 
bieiwlnfr. No illnjolncd vowoU. No vowt-l 
poflltlonn. No arbUrary word-nlgns. A mar- 
vel of Hlmpllcltr, brevity, anil legibility. 
Comiilele book. •1.^0. .-(ample copy to 
leaehePN. $1.00. Circular)* and samplcn free 

T. C. STRICKLAND, East Greenwich, R. I. 

When Ordering Typewriter Ribbons, 



the <.i 

uHti by all the departmenut 
■iph and railroad companlet, 
L' Kolden tlunand are packed 
iiiil to uvold soiling the fln- 
imI unique. They are used in 
Mrr JuL'itNAL and BimiNEtis 


Rogprs' Manifold and Carbon Paper Co., 




Quiclciv learnod ; do strain of eyes, hand or body 
Work UDironii. aecurale. ^asv nud reliable. Send tor 
32 page Circular. Machines rente*) on trial. 


Prirt nrdvrr,! to SMi. 3 tf Si. l.ooin. HIo. 

Are You Alive? 

Arc you up to the times? Keep 
up with the march of progress and 

Aluminoid Pens. 

The smoothest and most durable 
pens ever introduced. Send loc. 
for samples worth double. 

A. L. Salomon, 

■ 77 Broadway, - - New York. 


What reasons are given by some shorthand publishers in 
favor of introducing their systems. Queerest of all, per- 
haps, the moss back claim that " Ours is best because it 
has not been revised for over thirty years ! " 

What a thing to conjure by in dealing with the live 
schools of to-day ! Thirty years ago there were only one 
or two business colleges in America that made a feature 
of teaching shorthand. To-day, The Journal tells us, 
shorthand is taught in nearly all of the 1500 such colleges 
in the U. S. and Canada — and the rest are coming to it. 

Day's Complete Shorthand flanual 

(Columbian Revision-l6th Edition) 

Embodies the science of shorthand writing brought 
strictly down to date. It preserves what is good in the 
old systems plus additions and emendations suggested by 
the experience of eminent practitioners of our time. It 
is built to do the business of to-day. The Live Schools 
— the Live Writers — are coming to it. 


Price of the lUth wiition. revisBd to iato, (l.BO. Proper dlscouuts to Schools and Bookseller;. 

The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, 0. 

ting to communicatt leUh thoroughlu efficUnt 

of Day's 8u»tcm are invited 


box, 81 I one-Qunrlrr uroas. 30 cent. 

connoittaeura— for those who ■ppri'Clate 
nd know one when ibey use It. Gross 
I JOI KN tl. olDcc. 

EVERY shorlliaoil Irncher. nriirr nnd schaol proprietor will be Inleresled in the 
llcloa In THE BliSINElSS JOI KNAi. for Jonuary, February and March. Send 2.5 
■ . lor the throe iaauei. AMES i KOLLINSON CO.. New York. 






adop-ed and tautrht in the PrUHO StMIOOI^ of 


turj- has been devoted to the cnticistu. mi|'iovement and 
developtuent of the ISAAC PITMAN Phuiiojrruphv. The 
combined results of so mueli thought and prHiticHl "knowl- 
edge have secured for the system the proud_ position It r 
occupies as being t' 


Oet "Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor," 250 pp. Price, $1.50. 


Adapted by ibe Pnhlic Si hool>t ol New Vurk f'hy. Broiiklyn. etc. 

Spi-cimen Pngeti. Alpbnbet nnd Full KiiIch for Writiiis 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, 33 Union Square, New York. 

TAKE LES.SONS at the Metropolitan Si-hnol of Isaac Pitman Shorlhauil, lOrt Fifth Ave. (NewPresbvti 

BuJIdlng), N. W.Cor. 2t.lhSt..N. V. Rapid and Thorough Individual lustructlon. Typewriting. Moderate Rate: 

Circular* free. Day and Evening Instruct 


nlUK D 

Ml IM.'^O p. I 

The Benn Pitman System of 
Phonography in Parliamentary 
Reporting, ^^.^^.^^^m^^^i^^ 




My own view is in favor of Isaac Pit- 
man's system as it was published abont 
1850. Of course, his books of that date 
are now out of print, and the nearest ap- 
proach thereto now attainable is Benn I 
Pitman's Manual. If I were startina to ' 
learn now, I should get Benn Pitman's 
Manual and other books and follow 
them.— /)cnii!s F. Murphy, Offlcial Re- 
porter of the United States Senate. 


We use Benn Pitman's system of short- 
hand. Some years ago I studied Isaac 
Pitman's system. Graham's, Munson's, 
Hojt's, and others, and from each got 
some useful hints ; but I finally settled 
down to Benn Pitman's as being the sim- 
plest and most practical of all. I found 

it the easiest system to learn, and when 
learned the most legible. 

To illustrate its legibility, I may men 
tion the fact that this session my brother 
happened to be here during the debate on 
the Address, and although he had not 
written shorthand for three years, he dic- 
tated my notes with perfect ease and ac- 
curacy, transfen'ing them to phonograph 
cylinders at the rate of over two hundred 
words per minute. It is possible that 
this is done by writers of other systems, 
but I do not remember any such instance. 
When asked to recommend a system of 
shorthand. I always advise the adoption 
of Benn Pitman's. I recognize the fact 
that there is more in the writer than in 
the system ; bnt the facility with which 
Benn Pitman's system may be learned 
and u.sed renders it, in my judgment, 
superior to all others. — Geo. C. Holland, 
OJJUcial Reporter, Canadian Senate 

For full information with complete catalogue of textbooks by Benn 
Pitman and Jerome B Howard, giving wholesale, introduction, exam- 
ination, and exchange prices, address 




Send me your name and address on a 
postal card, and receive by return mail a 
large specimen of lettering done with the 

together with fnll information and cut of 
the pen. exact size. See January ad. 


R. L. jncCREADY, 

2 to 10 Sandusky St., fjiieoneny, Penn. 



The best clafis boob pnbM-hed on tbe subject. 
SniDnle copies 35 cenit. spnd f6r circular. 
Address. C. V. CARHART, 
420 Clinton Ave., Albany, N. Y. 

■'cry good writer iind everyone who hopes to wrltt 
■ell Hhould use the following famous series of pens : 


These form a very useful i 
i for all kinil 
cr wTltlne. made by 

hundred patterns for all kiniTs of plain, ornamental 


We hardly need i 

Ttie Standard Pens of ifie world. 


Sole AKent. 



is taking the 
pla.ce of steno- 
raphy because it 
is quickly learned. 
_ and a typewriter 
that prints a word at one stroke is 
plainer and faster than shorthand. t2'. 

r. G. K. ANDERSON. 720 Benncll Bldg., New rork 



RoctiMtcr business Cnlvorsfty. Rochester 
N*. v.. Is the leading preparatory flchovl fur 
commercial teachers. Those who eontemplutc 
teMchmtrthe comroerclal branchps or teachtrp 
who wish to prepnrc for better jjowitlons shoul'l 
nrlto for partlcuhin). Beautiful cutaloKue and 
circu Ian sent npori request. 


The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contain* CloMititd Li9t» and Addressee for Ihe enttrt 

C. S of all 

I. CoIl<=«M. Female Seminaries and Academies. 2. 

Nomj.«l Schools. 3. Buslaes^ Colleees. -I. Schools ol 

ScJeoc*. 5. Schools or Theology. H. Schools < 

AlM> lead)nn-ia. City Superintend 
riticlpilft. H. Assistants, eti-, Uuthered i 

Offlclal Source; 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 


Ifyouarea Journal agent or subscribe 
or have any notion of entering int< 
either relation, please read the follow 





whole slory as 



tooo.t The cost 





scnl. fully ten per 

I 5o-ci 

Subscription Rat«s. 

Tii|[Pi£<fHANV AitrJoLuNALrur isii • win bepuhlt^hed 
111 two editions. The price of the rcRUlnr edition wHl 
be flOc. a yonr, without premium. . Tills will consist of 
u mlnlmnm of twenty pimps. The price of 
the other crlirinu will i«- «i n year. Including 

prlvlHv. .,1 . I Ik- $1 edition win 

bo itnoM ^i^"n atid should be 

so.icslHii'' I ii -I !■ uniform with the 

I 111' p. ' I MM illwleslgnated. all 

uii'leratooU that Uu-y niuuii llie rcituLir (clicjiior 
AlladvertlsomentSKo In buth edlMoniR. 

- . .^..Clubbing Rates. 

Regular Edition. -3 sul>^ Si. S >" >«• subs. 30c. each, i 

NewaXdItlon.— i>ut>,'3subvSi.«5.4 or more sub: 

N.i|iromliimsito with TUB JOURNAL nt these rales. 
NufB.— Ailwliscriptlon oireralhat wc have previously mftrtc th 

liUl.D CiiUd' until Ucl.*l.'>L"sul«critwra'uTrer ihcs 
olTenwIII receive the News Edition of Thb JODKNAL. 

Agents Wanted Everywhere. 

»tO' I ... only ill every ithool. 
■- .^thool. If we .ircnoial 

"ixions. WhiFe^ noV'7neanine^lo\tint"our 


rcurastanoo will any aubacripUon be 
SB accompanied witb caata. 

Permanent List. 

IW 1 

iiMNAI. «a!. Mattel. ..early Iwenlv yc.iri IC" 

■ . iU<^'.Nrws"llVt"M"ri^cWto\'«%7!^ln''''' 

Owill be entered- un this list, li 1 

1- i^Apcr to those who srcon this 1k( 
- ii.iheconlrsry, nollfyinj ihesubMt.i., . 
' ii (PAf. Where d(«coiitiiiuAnce Is ilcMit 1 ... 
i.'ilhiition (which msy be by posul c»ril) shall 

Li»t. the papfr irUi be coitiUued „ ,.,.c^,«..„, 

ordeirO, SvbarHptionanre tnvartabtu pauable in ad 
I'anatj and promi<r trmitta ce i* rroucst^d and ex- 
PfC(«(l,a«tA4>*>>ndfn0qrabi7!or Mter fntwiivsanrx 
penteofatteaitAveperMnt.unthrcnt r«aros» amount. 
Only lubacTllien for the News Edition taken at the full price 
inot at clubbinf re<luc!lan} are ellsil>le for entry on our I'er 
maneniUst. Ml elutibliitf sul«crlptioiu for either edition will 

SWiKI s »ubs.rfber ort the Pennanenl List renew In a dub ai 
reduced rate. Ii »tll he necessary •<• ""tir^ ... -.r.Ki, *.,. __ 

P'icitly. in order thAt hliR - 


r be canceled on the Vt 
i>cr»iic ne » ui gel i«to paixrs and we shall of ci 

Changing Addresses. 

.; ..f the *.idreM oa Harxrh J.iyHNAL. Where this can 
t lie. notify vour potiiuuier to forward that particular 
* .>ur new address (which «)ll cost you nothiiut). noi for 
' o "ih"^ "* *' '^™' !{' **"*"' '^** *' "" "' ^'*"" papers 

Incorrect Addresses. 

-k >..»V 1«int,.n 
" ntt. before firs 

t>Uinly a: 

To Club Subscribers. 

[>. 10 the nearest agenior get up a club yourself (|<rovide(l 
n't interfere widi any present a^ent in a school). The 
c plainly ifiven shove for bodi editions. 


Kuhjodifd premium offe>» "PPltf to tht^ Xetn 
n oh'SJ. A'o rfducHon Jor tlir rrgulitr edition. 

A Beautiful Stick Pin. 

HE JOURNAL has had speclally 
lured from its own dei^lgn a vei-i 

Sin, to offer us a premium to si 
: Is made Id sond sllVf r, also In 
" Htheiiuni 

1 Kold. 

and the stick pin part of Ger 

Is solid, 14 karat, except 
Itch IsGeniian silver gold 

'. fi.isend The Journal 

This pin makes a 
leweler would cli — 
8PEC1AL. - 

i tasty and beautiful gift, 
least 1 1 -GO for it. 
e deslrli.g to be placed ou o 

barge at least tl-IiO for it. 

Present subscribers 

other dollar 
year. Prese 

tlnns extended 

Works of Instructic 

iltt«d ] 
ers mav nave t 
avail ttiemselVi 

d^Of flr- 
>lr subscrip 
uf this ofTt:! 

X be enclosed. We coambute d 

ilinK, 91 : cloth, with 
iflloately printed on 

I send the l>ook 

Tplecejj— by 7 

iMiillla binding a-s premium for ( 
. lextra (Cl.lO). For two subs. (9'ifi we wi 
It and any of the premiums announced above 1 

We win sec 
ng for o 

' Flourishes I 


The following offers, as In the case of the preceding 
onejs, apply to tbe News Edition of TtieJoua^AL. The 
regular edition will be furnished at tOc. less. 

The JocnKAL will be sent one year. In combination 
with a year's subscription to any Atnerlcan pei^odlcal 
that sens for not leas than t\ a year, for U5c. extra. 
For exaipplc. The Journal with either 77w Cosmo 
voHtan, ilu'Sfu's or McClure's Magasine. Papular 
Educator. Scho.d Institute. Te'icher's WorUl. etc.. both 
papers one year, $>..i-S. In combination with a peri- 
odical sellliik for not less thou S2.50, The JotntNAL will 
only I5c. extra. For example, with either the 

R- view of Rcfff im, School Journal, S. E. Jou\ 

tionai Rt^rtcu 

. . On a $4 pcriojicai 

bscrlptiun will be included without e 

Special Combination. 

The Fi-nman'a Art Joumni tn^ i» edifion) and The 
Business Journal one year/orSi. -Vnd noir. 

If you are alteady a subscriber for Taa Journal or 
.\ny paper ent^rlni; lo the comblnntinn y 1 

such-and-such a periodical coat ? " The a)M>ve schedule 

alterable. Just send along the 





.V//ff Afail '/>! 0>*(0 A./ 

We may feign indifference to pub- 
lic opinion, we may claim that our 
actions are not governed by what 
other people say or think, but after 
all don't we weigh every thought, 
word and act by what some one 
wiU think about it or what " They 
Say " about us? 

Praise and blame hinge on every 
action. We know it. We court 
one as faithfully as we would shun 
the other. 

How much, too, we are governed 
in our estimate of a new friend by 
the " They Say " of others, and how 
often, too, are people influenced for 
or against us by the same " They 

What others say, then, does in- 
fluence our opinions, our judgments 
of our fellow men. And it is largely 
the same with a public journal, and 
more especially the value to be 
placed on its advertising columns. 

The PENMAN'S Art Journal 

has for twenty years been the rep- 
resentative journal devoted to pen- 
manship, drawing, commercial 
branches, shorthand, typewriting 
and practical education. 

It reaches practically all penman- 
ship connoisseurs, experts and 
teachers, including supervisors and 
special teachers of writing, drawing, 
bookkeeping, commercial branches, 
shorthand and typewriting, in all 
public and private schools in the 
United States and Canada. 

This is a big field, but ThE 
Journal covers it completely. As 
proof of it, we submit herewith the 
" Say " of those who have tried 
The JOURNAL'S columns. 

This is proof positive: (I) That 
The Journal has a broad field 
in its special lines. (2) That it covers 
it completely and has readers in 
every town of importance in Amer- 
ica. (3) That these readers have 
faith in The JOURNAL'S advertis- 
ing columns, read them and answer 
the ads. in them. 

Commercial School Sup- 

Their Money Talks. 

Williams & Rooers. Ediicotional Publlsherir. 
Rochester, N. y. ChicaRO, 111. 

Rochesteh. N. Y,, Jan. •&, 18(W. 
H"The fact that wo have used half a page of 
<pai'6 in The Penman's Art Journal every 
month for the past ton years, and have con- 
tracted for tho same amount of space for sev- 
eral years to come, demonstrates pretty con- 
■ ■lusivolv, we think, our good oi)inion of the 
value of The .Journal as an advertising me- 
dium, our satisf Action with tho mechanical " Ket 
up " of our ads. and the treatment that has been 
accorded us by The Journal management. 

Wishing The Journal contitiued and un- 
bounded success, we are 

Very respectfully yours, 

Williams & Rooers. 

Their Half-Page Pays Dividends. 

The Practical Te.vt Book Company, 
Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 2.1. 1896. 
j(*We have used liberal space in The Penman's 
Art Journal for several years, to bring our 
practical school and college text books before 
the educational public, and have been well 
pleased with the result. 

We believe that you have a large circulation, 
and the superior quality of tho reading matter 
and attractive make-np of the paper surely must 
command the best of readers. 

You are to be congratulated upon the merit of 
your pubhcatfou and we all owe you a debt of 
^'ratitude for what The Journal has done in 
behalf of iiractical education. 
Wishing you continued success, we are 
Very truly yours. 
The Practical TE.tT Book Co , 
Per H. T. Loomis, 

Perfectly Satisfied With Results 

<l. M. Powers, Publisher of Commercial Text 
Books, Powers Building, 

Chicago, Jan. H, vm. 
^Vfc are being continually solicited to change 
our contract and place it elsewhere, but we 
have never entertained the proposition for a 
moment. We use more space in The Journal 
than in any other medium, and are perfectly 
satisfied with the results obtained from our in 
vestment. All of our requests have been so 
readily assented to and in some cases oven an 
ti<ip«ted that in this resrard there has been so 
little friction that we scarcely realized that 
The Journal bad a management. 

With best wishes lor the prosperity of The 
Journal, I remain Very truly years, 







1^1 Labor Saving Text-Books, 




Williams & Rogers, Publishers, 

Eastern Office, Rochester, N. Y. ^ J* Western Office, Chicago. 


It Fits 

Where It's Wanted, 

And where will you find a downright honest 
teacher of spirit and good hard sense who hasn't felt 
the need of a teachable text-book on English ? 
That's why we've made one. We call it 


because that label just fits its contents. We made ii to 
meet the wants of everybody who pretends to talk or 
write clean-cut EnRlish. There are no frills about this 
book, no grammatical stilts or crutches. It hews to the 
line without the use of red tape, and fixes the plan of 
simple speech in the memory by the rule of sound 
sense. The steps are so carefully graded that any 
student who applies himself may march right up into 
the mastery of plain English with as much certainly 
as he would climb a stairway to the upper floors of a 
building, li's a good looking book too. The binding 
is full cloth and the cover artistically embossed with 
the title in clean, crisp script. 

Ninety cents pays for a copy. It's worth much 
more to those who wish to gain command of plain 
English by the shortest possible method. 

The books in the following list 
progressi ve teachers as the best yet 

Spelling and Letter Writing, 50th thou- 
sand; 204 pages; fully illustrated with el- 
egantly engraved copper-plate script. 

Typewriting Instructor and Stenogra- 
pher's Handbook. — Editions for Reming- 
ton, Caligraph, Smith Premier. Remington 
and Caligraph combined; 96 pages; two 

Plain English, a practical te.vt-bookon the 
subject of language, discarding useless 
matter of which the average "grammar" 
has so largely consisted: 214 pages. 

Spelling, ,,8 pages ; 186 lessons of 20 words 
each, and 40 Dictation exercises. 

Practical Shorthand, based on the Pit- 
manical phabet— the joint work of promin- 
ent reporters and teachers. Eminently 
practical and complete. It contains jo full 
pages of engraved shorthand, and nearly 
500 other engraved illustrations; 244 pages. 

Commercial Law, systematically ar- 
ranged and fully illustrated. Valuable 

are new, up to date, and endorsed by 
published on their respective subjects: 

alikeasa text-book or a 
192 pages. 

Everybody's Dictionary, for everyday 
use. This dictionary is vest-pocket size, 

^and gives the spelling, pronunciation, 
syllable divisions, parts of speech, cap- 
italization, participles, and definitions of 
.33.000 words. Price, indexed and bound 
in American morocco, embossed in gold, 
50 cents ; cloth, not indexed, 25 cents. 

Practical Bookkeeping, in three editions, 
adapted to the various grades of public and 
private schools. The most modern, practi- 
cal and attractive books yet published on 
the subject of accounting. Bookkeeping 
as practiced in leading b 

Bookkeeping Blanks, arranged for use 
with the text-books, and three grades of 

Steel Pens, at low prices, are also sup- 
plied to our patrons. 


The Practical Text Book Company 



— CLEVELAND ^'-.•■- i_«*'-Vi^* I 

> houses 



'tJ/cAjna/\d QyfiCOjvauutGf 




If business is not taught in your 
school as business is done in the 
outside world 



TUB Ellis System of pctual Business Irom Start to Fiiiisti 

is the only system of teaching business by doing busi- 
ness published. 

Adopted by hundreds of leading business colleges, and 
discarded by none. 

Detailed information cheerfully furnished. 

ELLIS PUBLISHING CO., - Battle Creek, Mich. 



X * * * * QUALITY 
nple card 


100 William Street, New York. 

, I'on 


Also vtakers of the Celebrated J-'alcon B?n, j 
lut of their 150 other styles, writers cannot fall to I 
iUlt*d.— Ask your stationer for theiu. 

THe EsteilirooK Steel Pen Go. 

26 John St., New York. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

ont answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price, $1 00 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, $1.00 

With proyer discounts to Schools. 
of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 
supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23(1 St., New York. 

The Year's Business is about Completed, 
^::2r=^=^Vacatioii will soon be upon us. 

You will then have time to reflect on the mistakes and suc- 
cesses of the past. If you have used our books the past season, 
we feel safe in saying that you are well pleased with the results 
you have obtained. You have found your graduates well 
grounded in tlieir work ; you have found your students inter- 
ested at all times and you have found your classes easy to man- 
age, in fact you have found these text books in every way satis- 

If you have not used these books, you might reflect on how 
much easier and more satisfactory your work would be if you 
did. Why not begin to use them now? Let me tell you what 
we have : 

Two books on BOOK-KEEPING revised to date. ~* .< 

Two books on ARITHMETIC thit present the subject in a pure- 
ly inductive manner. t** ^^ v^ v* >.^ 

A text on COMMERCIAL LAW that in one year became the 
most popular book of its kind on the market. v^ ^^ 

A book on PRACTICAL SPELLING that is practical in every 
sense. Jt J* -•* -* -* •?• ■■'• 

These books are all clearly written, systematically arranged, 
and artistically printed. 

The correspondence and patronage of schools is respect- 
fully solicited. We would also like to hear from you when in 
need of blank forms, paper and supplies. 

7 Monroe Street, Chicago. 

^ -\JVJ^XK) WW \ 

Learn to WRITE, DRA Wand TEACH 

by attending the above Popular, Practical and Progressive 


It excels, not only in giving instruction, but in aiding (free 
of charge) its pupils to secure desirable employment. 

Sample copy of The Zanerian Exponent free. 
Address, attend 



Galesbubo, III., March 9, '96. 
The Zanerian Exponent has been fine and I enclose 10c. for 'another 
year's subscription. It contains many helpful hints and is worth ten 
times its cost. E- L. JAKL. 



y_ g.-.-J^sa.-s'....) Verliculan 


JOSEPH GILLOTT & SONS, 91 John St., New York. 





1000 Aganta Wanted. 


Nr.lhInK like it cvfr l«-fore pub- ( '- V'f J^ 

• Automatic Shading Pen 

— ^ 


(J. W. STOAKES. nanufacturer and Patei 




i\\ .„ ^ , 

thia ppD by muklnK xpeclmens. bat bands. sIrc wfitriiK, 

; Noa._ 

eftch, 'iSc! (Moil, preuaki 

ilupllcnler] In lin 

Iiilii mark_).No«. 00 to fi. eacli. 20c. Plain Peos (for backgrouuds. 

. , . . -io. (Uall, prepaid j 

blue, brown, purple, red, green, yellow, orange, pink, each. 15e.; 

pink, brown, red. yellow, orange, each, 20c,: 

id Kronw Inks; Hold Sizing. MetaHics'Yfor'use with adhesl' 

. . - - -Totttlng Diamond Dust, etc, 

Fanry l^-tUTlng OutflU, Alphabetn. Ckipy Book for acif Instruction, Practice Paper, etc. 



r ••'••'T 

: We Have Moved 

• cmr New York Office ti. 

• No. 28 Elm Street, • 

• whiTO we will colitii 

l.pvhciok llII.'S ,111 

til «ic 

111 li'ttfr 

• ('(nistmctinii. 



buy a work on pen- 
manship that was 
out of date ten or twenty years 

420 W. Main St., 

Conducted by Public Accoununt5 and Auditors. 

Bo.>k-kei'|)inK rtiorou 



Idesln- ■ 

1 ouiut me 


We annually examiu 

Number of puplUUmll< i. A;l .tiJt li. i 

S*>ii.i SI (or our book "Trial Balance 
I crerythlnK about nil check fli 

■ to iHvonie thorouKb 
ru'tlcalty titugbt, as I 
»y tbeoreilcal men. Xo Text Books, 

The Book-keeper^ Course, 

■y. 1 1 r ntlcal manner, under .■ i r 
and should be. k< 
• a for 

Louisville, Ky, 

practical book-keepers. 


. _r expi'rl<'n(-ed 
ludlviduul Instnictloo. 

nd the Accountants' Counc* 

lebtt or credit 

and nicthodH of e ., „ 

We orTer 8100 to any person Bending t 

H. KtelnbonsK Co., Buffalo. N. 

French. SBrlne 

~ oulavllle BanI 


& Urner, Rockland, Mass. 
igCo.. Lo ■ ■■■ 
^ Invited. 

and Short fm- in!i..ii.- i;,.i i;-.!, i..-..|,ii,Lr." which oxi.lalnaall 

ireHystems^ll-^ivl in p.>-.nii.' .in. I h.r.Kli,.,- ,.ri,.i-s in ITL.I ft:irm«>i., 

locate errors In Sales LedKer, LaaUTU l.e.l ■ ii i .dinir 

try. and in which ledger. Qlve.s the sh<>i-r< . . ii. ui^iii'tDM 

own. Full of information gleaned from the f- -■■ >, i .r \ rii-*. 

betterrules forcalculatlng interest or locatlUK' ■■ - m 1 1 1 ii h.ii.incca. 

Mabley A Carew Co., i ini-iiiuiul, kk 
rdau, IndlnnupoUs. lud. 
Shoe & Clothing Co.. LoulsvlUe^^. 


■ Artlui 

Louisville Banking Co.. Louisville, fcy. 

Address L. COMINGOR, Manager. 

American Counting Ri 

BRANCH OFFICE. 1267 Broadway. NEW YORK, 



I) nil about 3 
iurablT bi)u: 

Combinations and How to Make Them 

you how to (Himblnv any letters tn the alpbali 
artistic wrlllna alono Im* "" ■ - 
Price 500 

The New England Penman. 

.our space will not allow UN to dewrlbe It, 1 
will send uk yonr address on a pttstal card you the April number. 
It tell* Itaowu story. The April 
...... - - .- _ ... ...__ .. penmanship 


wni nmti you the April number. 

It teUi Itaowu atory, xir " 
vtHvlmeaa of penmatuhlp 

paper puhllabed. Among 
roiubtnations that won ' 
national eoute«t. It will 

paper. We hope you will send f 

Special Offer. 

^VnUI further notice we will send the 
free lo all who purchaiw either of the i 

Nuhua. N. H. 

Diplomas, Certificates, etc., of the highest grade furnished at a moderate cost to any kind of 
School whether One or a Thousand be required. No shoddy type-effects! Our goods have a 
national reputation for being Chaste, Artistic, Correct. Tell us: (I) How many; (2) fund of 
School. Be Wise To-Day. AMES & ROLLINSON CO., 202 Broadway, New York 

If you want spec imensCment ion Pesmax's Art Jocrxal. 



THE feature which distinguishes GINN & COM- 
WRITING BOOKS from all others and 
makes them the most practical is apparent to even 
a superficial observer. It is, as its name suggests, 
distinctively a round-hand writing. 

Heretofore the objection to vertical penmanship 
has been that it could not be written rapidly. These 
copies are made so as to be reproduced with a good 
degree of speed, thus making vertical writing meet 
the demands of business. No other books give such 

Ginn & Company's Vertical Writing books present 
an open, round hand-writing, which, when written, 
will produce the greatest legibility, as well as add to 
the beauty and general openness of the page. 

We know that you will be pleased with the typo- 
graphical appearance of these books. They are cer- 
tainly striking examples of what can be done by the 
printer and the engraver. Write to us for descriptive 
circulars. The price for introduction is 96 cents per 
dozen. We invite your correspondence. 

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers, 
Boston, New York, Chicago, Atlanta. 

':Tte Standard" 






Is the thing by which others are compared and tested. 

^^ Remington 

Is, and always has been, the Criterion of Excellence for Writing- 

The O I Y Ne 

Number O I W Mo 
Is the latest mark of progress set for others to aim at. 



327 Broadway, New York. 

Our Latest Booklet 

Contains eight testimonial letters. These sum up the 
experience of thousands who use the 



A copy will be sent on request. It should be read by every 
one interested in Typewriters. 

237 Broadway, New York. 

♦♦• ♦♦»•»»»♦ «*♦♦♦♦♦* »• 




We said it would be, our friends said it would be, and NOW 
the commercial teachers of the entire country and Canada 
are one by one testing and adopting it. The result is that the 

Sadler System of Bookkeepers 
and Office Practice 

and the Sadler-Rowe Business Practice 

is being more widely used in the same length of time than 
any similar publication ever placed on the market. 

Have you seen the latest edition — the 

. . .Voucher System . . . 

in connection with Manufacturing, Corporation and Depart- 
ment Accounts? If not, send for it. The first complete 
explanation and illustration of the Voucher System published 

Lei the Search Light of Practice illuminate the dark places of Theory. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, Baltimore, Md. 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 


Lowrr t.ooin*. 

;J8,— In tluH lesson we will take np the loops be- 
low the [lino. If the work of last issue has been 
thoroughly ma-stered you will have very little diffi- 
culty with the work this month. Do not forj^et the 
movement drills. While it is true that we make a 
movement drill of each letter, every lesson should be 
preceded by some of the movement exercises in the 
Janimry lesson. 

Thr •■II." 

JJl) — In the (/ we have the o finished with a 
loop below the line. Drill a while on the « joined 
in groups of sii or eifjht. as iu Febniary. be sure to 
close the letters at the top. When the « part 
of y is formed, draw the hand toward you a lit- 
tle, make a short turn and awing up to the next let- 
ter with a left curve. The crossing of the loop 
shoulil be at base line. You will notice that the 
finish of the f/ comes just right to begin the next 
letter. Be sure to make the down stroke in the 
loop straight and on the same slant as loops above 
the line. When you get so you can join the letters 
easily and regularly, practice making full lines of 
them as in No. 3. Of course you can't go entirely 
across the i>age without lifting the pen, but you 
should go half across without lifting it. By prac- 
ticing No. 2 freely you can break up a stiffness that 
is liable to appear in No. 1. It enables you to 
get the top of g and the n alike to practice on 
No. 4. When you can make the g regularly and 
rapidly wiite at least one page of gnin. then one 
of gaining, then one of giving. Finish final g 
like the Kgme i)—s)iort below the line. 

Th,- '•!/.'■ 

4<).— The y is made of a combination of the 
tinishnig stroke of m or n and the loop. It 
should lie practiced same as g in Nos. 1. 2 and 3. 
Then make a page or more of yon. then follow it 
with yunng. thus reviewing g. Finish final y 
same as final g In writing page work make a 
study of the purts of letter.i and the Joinings. 
Don't practice in an absent minded way. Forget 
everything except /us( what you are doi7ig. 
The "«.•' 

4 1 .—The z is usually neglected, so let us give 
it special attention. It is not very diflicult. It you 
oxamine it carefully you will see that the first 
stroke is just like the first part of n. then you 
make a snuill hook and finish with a loop below the 
line. Keep the loop straight. The tendency is to 
make it bend to the left too much. Practice it 
same as y and y. then make it and m together as 
iu No.'. 

Thr ••/'." 

42.— The / is the loop above the line and fin- 
ishing part of q joined. Be sure to make the 
down stroke strai.ght. Make it short above and be- 
low the line Make full lines of it. very compactly, 
and entirely acmss the page Keep the tops and 
bottoms even. Get uniform slant. Practice No. 9 

Thr •• !.•■ 

43.— We leam to make J while practicing g and 
y. Notice that the height of j above the line is 
same as i. Make specimen pages of each exercise. 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1896. 

Tw.»Tirra YmA«. 

/ f7777T^ fWF^ r^-^ r^J'T- 



L. H., EstherviUe, la.— As you say, you are undoubtedly 
overcoming your "pinched, cramped, stingy finger move- 
ment."' Try to get a lighter movement.— i f.. don't bear on 
the pen. Down strokes are heavy. Now send me your beet 

t February lesson will benefit you. 

B. K. L.. Chicago.— Why do I insist on pupila making whole 
lines of each letter? ^Hswer.— To develop the ability to 
glide from one letter to the next, which was. without doubt, 
one of the chief principles in the minds of the originators of 
the forms of the lettern used in modern writing : and, again, 
I think it causes a pupil to appreciate uniformity in the for- 
mation of letters. There is a beauty in a page of "full lines of 
as. y"8. p's. etc.. that is at once fascinating to even an indif- 
ferent pupil. 

• work is commendable. Am glad you are "head ■ 

1" in love with the work. You know that is where 

Y man's head ought to be. 

W. G. H.. Philadelphia. Pa. -There are two distinct renni- 
sites in good business writing: Form, insuring legibility, 
and strong, fearless movement, insuring speed. You pos- 
sess the former to a satisfactory degree, but you lack in the 
latter ; therefore your work looks as if you were a little 
timid and shaky. Use a coarse pen, and swing off the work 
in February lesson with more boldness. 

R. B. N.. Lawrence, Mich.— The work you sent is IndicatlTe 
of good faithful iiractice on the January and February les- 
sons. Your writing ia a little too angulor— 1. c, you moke 
uointit where turns ought to be. For illustration, top of 
last part of m and n. bottom of w, v and fi. Make a more 
nearly round. Study letters individually and see where 
they ought to be round, and where they ought to be sharp 

A'o/i re.— Replying to R. B. N. and many others who ask 
" Do you think I can become a supervisor of writing," or 
" Do you think I can become a teacher of penmanship," etc., 
I will say that your question is a very broad one. There is 
so much to be taken into consideration in forming an opin- 
ion. If you would ask me if I think you can learn to write 
well enough to teach. I would say Yes— providing yon 
admire nice writing, have the physical ability, and have a 
disposition to work hard, thoughtfully, patinttly. until • 
reasonably high standard of excellence has been attained. 
But to answer the question as yoa put it, I would want to 
know you personally, to know your other educational qaal- 




i0r4%i(mB, to know your ability to ioterest others in wbat you 
»re iiit«<re«t«^ in. to Icnow your patieDc« with those who are 
■low in a/t/ioirinK the ability to write well. etc. 

W W. B . Elk City ; P. N. O.. Decorah. la.— Tou seem to 
have a very ft*o movement, but yon don't 8eem to have 
very k^hmI control of it. (iive more attention to form now. 
as your movement will take care of it«elf. Work a trreat 
deal on the m. tr and a exerciMs in February lesson. W ork 
for well ronne<l letters and accurate spacing. 

A. M. v.. Tygarfs Valley. Ky.: J. E. OB.. Boston.— Your 
businesH writinif Is very KOfMl ; however. I see that, id the 
apecimen yon sent. > on lifted your pen too often. In few 
nrM writing evury pupil should be able to make at least t 


good letrlbte d' 

, . • an^ of the one-space letters with 
■»lton. Until you can do that, yon have not 

F. H., McPhiTH'in. Kans.— You have a ffood strong move- 
nent- Reduce the Kize of your writinK al>out one-third. 
lot rcKulur spixlni; between letteiB. Close » at bottom, 
(rood. The little stroke from the lop point 

E. H. C. Ebensburtf. Pa.— Your work on March lesson is 
Tory K'Kxl. Yon are makinir excellent proffress. Your weak- 
est letter lap. It is not well closed at base line as it should 
be. Remember that the oval part of p should be just the 
■ime 88 the oval part of a.dorq only It is inverted. 


Tin: I'riif Hlnnern. 

FIKST.-K. J. naiivezln, Mllveralty Bliallicsa 

School, mow Orleaiia, I^a. 
aKOOMD.-inilclicil Solnnaa, nrPlieraou Collci;c, 

ncPlirraoii, Kan. 
TIIIHD.-W. Vi. Currier, .Viieiiala, Me. (Mall 

Nliideul or S, B. Paliiu-alock). 
WOIITHV «!' IiO!V»K.\BI,I': ItlUNTION. <'. .r. 

SCrark, Suiil6 <'oIlese, IVeiv OrlranH, La.; H. E. 

Ilarlon, KtockbrldKo, illlcli.; U. O. Ilarileii, 

Porlland, Mo.; H. I,. Inoutatv, 3324 Burt SI., 

Omaha, Neb. 

Till- /•rlzra. 
Fiml Prize.— A copy of Ames' Compendium of Plain 
and Oruiimental Peumansbip and certificate lUled out 
with name, ccntest, etc. 

A'ccoiif/ JYizi- —A cloth bound copy of Ames' Book of 
Flourishes and properly filled certificate. 

Thiiil Prize.— A cloth bound copy of Ames' Guide to 
Practical and Ornamental Penmanship and properly filled 

In the February number of The Journal we an- 
nounced a prize .writing competition for amateurs 
twenty years of age and under. 

A large number of splendid examples of business 
writing have been submitted and after a careful 
coinparisiiu;tlie prizes have been awarded as above. 

We doubt if any other country in the woridcan pro- 
duce so many uniformly excellent specimens of busi- 
ness writing. The distance between the first prize 
winning specimen and the poorest one submitted 
Wii8 very slight and this made the task of selecting 
all the more difficult. 

Mr. Jluuvezin accomplished a feat few profes- 
Bionals care to attempt- that of -writing off-hand 
tiouble the size of the engraved letter shown here- 

Altogether Ithe competition was a great success 
and The Jhcr.nal hopes to have another one in tbe 
near future. 

Cu mrnvfioiuvm/ 

Fifty prominent penmen and teachers have 
placed Uiemselves on record as to what they con- 
sider good \VTiting. and the best methods of acquir- 
mg ,t. Thk Jot'HNAL asked each one to answer the 
lollowmg <iuestions : 

1. ui 1 What do you consider the es,<.entials of a Rood hand- 
writiUK . , Name them in the order of importance ' 

the e.irr.:."; "■'l'" ''"" ™''*'''«'- *•"> o'-'ler of importance 
the esseuia! teaching points to keep in mind to produce a 
eood handwriting. (As po.iUon. «p,cd, ,„„,.,.„,,„, ^[e 1 
3 "'"■*■"" '^»'''>'"'"'°' muscular or forearm movement. 
«.) Sv ""SO"" for the best position of: 

(ft) Hand and pen. 

4. Jiamo the best movement and give your reasons 
iRespectfully.\s Art Joibxal. 
.U<i<lnra;« TM, llo,r and nhy. 
1st. (a) Legibility. 2d. Speed. 3d. Beauty 

,^€i^ ^^>Cl-^Az'^^<'-^^c-c^^,.'-cr^ ^--z^'tr^^ 

,-<^'Z^^^^^^,'^^^£-l«'^ c2---/'z--c?:>_-«-£'<-z:-t^-<^liU5< ^^^tt' ^<^ 


SOLANAS, Mcpherson coll., mcpherson, kans. 

(2) Mtiscular movement in writing -is a movement 
where the penholder and the hand move in perfect 
imison and not independentof each other, when the fleshy 
part of the forearm is resting entirely on the desk. 

(3) Front, inclining slightly to right, never left side- 
as the right forearm should always be well upon the desk 
at right angles, in order that all the muscles may have 
free action. 

(4) In my opinion, the muscular, because I use it. 

L. Madarasz. 
The Zanerian Authors Itaee a New yame for An Ola 

1. (al Legibility, Simplicity,, Rapidity, etc. It 
must be Legible to be of value. Simplicity and Ease are 
requisites for great speed ; we put them before Rapidity, 
because they lead to it. We may employ rapid motions, 





but nnlem tbey are easy we cannot continae them for 
long periocU, and onlen the form* are simple we cannot 
make ho many of tnem. 

(b) PoBition. nucesHary for health and normal exertion. 
Percept* of Form, neceatary for directions of effort (both 
mental and pbynical, ; Knowledge of How to Act, nec- 
euary for direction of movement (what muscles to incite 
to action) ; Means to Attainment of End, necesearj- for 
proper development of form and movement (when to 
preaent exercises, elements, principles, letters, words, 
sentences, paragraphs, pages, etc.) : Ease of Movement, 
necessary for the production of the best and speediest 
writing ; Thonghtfal Practice, necessary for proper for- 
mation of habits ; Thoughtless Execution, necessary for 
expression of direct thought. 

i. Anti-Comhmeil ; Uw; of Muscles of Upper Arm and 
Shoulder ; writing with arm resting near elbow, allow- 
ing little linger to glide over i>Bper in such form as to ape 
track of pen, and using Upper Arm Muscles to produce 
width of letters and Shoulder Muscles to produce height 
of letters (forearm being held parallel to sides of paper and 
at right angles to line on which writing is done). It is 
generally thought that " muscular movement " means 
the use of the forearm muscles, but in reality it is rather 
the non-use of them. The forearm muscles serve only as 
center of control, while the source and seat of motion is 
in upper arm and shoulder. As long as we do not under- 
stand the physiological construction and action of the 
hand and arm we cannot know what movements we should 
or do use (for we cannot use but one set of muscles). We 
know it is mnxcular because it can't he anything else. 
Hence the name for that which most do not understand. 

3. (a) Front position. 
(b) Let little finger rest and glidi 

tween joint and end of finger's. 

part of forearm just forward of,ilje elbow. Curve the 

thnml). Do not let wrist touch plio table. -•<--— F • 

4, Harmonious (Coniliincd— ryhl. not popular meaning), 
('onsists of the Hand, Hinge and Ann movement!*, bring- 
ing into use all the muscles a little (none to excess, none 
to remain dbrniaut). It is Best, Iwcause it is Natural, 
Easy, Rapid, and because the best business writers use it, 
though many do not know it and call it by other names. 

C. P. Zaxkr and E. W. Bloser. 
" It TtikfJt a Good Tfacti 


1. (a) Legibility, Uniformity (of 
Ease of Execution, Smoothness (cle 

l-'lWWft,,.^ , 

(b) C^^CVipoailraB'tffWlaie body. 

(.■orrect Pen-holding. 

Clear meutal conception of form in pupil's mind. 

}foKfinent necessary to produce thnt form. 

Tntin eye, mind and i)en to work together. 

Eucounigeincnt. criticism, cheerful frame of mind. 

SjU'iMl not »o grtwt but that the eye can lead the pen. 

'2. Move the arm up and doirn, $idewau-f and with a 
rol!in(i motion in the sleeve, without sliding the sleeve ; 
arm-rest stationary ; hand-rest movable on the side and 
rolling motions, but stationary on the up and down 
motion (I. *'., strokes on the main slant). When good form 
and good spetnl are developed, hand-rest may move on 
downi strokes if preferred, but you can use the muscular 
movement on the email letters ■without hand-rost sliding 
on down strokes. 

:i. (a) Fi-ont Position, always (if desks are suitable), be- 
cause pupils can keep a good healthful pasition longer 
\\ithout tiring. If desks are too small, Right Side or 
Right oblique will do for a short lesson. Either position 
will Ix' a failure if you have a poor teacher. It takes a 
good teacher to keep children "straight." even in the 
Fi-ont ixwition. with either slanting or verticjil copies. 
Eternal vigilance is the price of success. 

(b) Alwut like this : 

4. Muscular Movement. 

R. S. Collins. 
Fonnerly Suj^ervisor Writing. City School KnosviUe, 
Temi. Xow Penman Peirce Coll., Phila. 

r/ic Electric Light ia ttrir/. 

1. (a'* I^eibility. rapidity, ondumnce, *bi Form and size, 
sivo legibility. Movf>ment ttives rapidltv. Position (fives 
eadurauoe. Time— Uniformitv i»f ai-tioo. Count— The 
downward strokes, only. Rale— AveraKe number of strokes 
per second. 

2. Forearm moromeut-Aotion of the arm while resting at 
a Axed iwint IhOow tbe oUk>w 

X (a> Body-Ri^ht oblique. Paper. 70 deisrees slant, ib) 
Hand rest on flr-*t j.»int ot little fia<er. only. Highest i>oint. 
tlrst knuckle. Penholder, 45 degrees slant, end ol first finger 
H4 to |i^ trom point of i>en. 
4- Combined movement. 

C. H. Peikce. 
Sapervisor of Writing. EvansWUe, lud. 

Signature Writing. 


Oraamenlal signature writing is very much admired 
and practiced by professional penmen and it is that branch 
of penmanship which requires much study and practice to 
produce good work. 

My imagination tells me that many of Tbe Journal 
readers are pondering over the question whether or not 
they can become good penmen. I will answer, by asking 
you if you like penmanship well enoagh to work at least 
one hour a day for a year to acquire it. You say " Yes." 
My friend, you will become a penman. Take my word 
for it. If you like anything well enough to work that 
hard to get it, you have the necessary natural talent. 
Don't let any one diseourage you. Those who do it have 
had little or no experience teaching penmanship. 

I have often been asked, why we have not more fine 
penmen. I usually say. " our penmen stop practicing too 
soon." Make your aim high and then work hard to reach 
the mark. 

In learning ornamental as well as business writing, I 
believe in practicing movement exercises every day, as 
they will give you control over the writing muscles. If 
you can get perfect command of movement and have an 
accurate conception of form, you will be the best writer 
in the world. A favorite exercise of mine and one to 
which I owe a gi-eat deal of my skill, is making large 
ovals with the small »'nd nf the pmhofder—a, stick 
will do as well— gripping it until you become tired, then 
stop gripping. Practice at different degrees of speed. 
One hundred and fifty ovals a minute is slow ; 'J(IO, me- 
dium ; 250, rapid, and 3)0, very rapid. Do most of your 
practicing at the rate of from -*00 to ioO ovals a minute, 
but occasionally make them just as rapidly as you can. 
and grip the holder tirmly. but do not hear down on it 
hard enough to wear a hole through the paper. Make 
from one thousand to five thousand ovals a day— I have 
made twenty thousand in a day with good results. Yes, 
this means work, but it is tbe price of success. 

No. I am not going to forget to tell you to work ovals 
with the pen, for you cannot afford to neglect this prac- 
tice, as it will be very beneficial to you. Grip the holder 
slightly in making a shade, but for "hairlines" hold it 
about as tightly as you would a newspaper while reading it. 

When practicing with the pen always write fast 
enough to avoid all '• kinky " lines. Shading the capitals 
heavily is a good fault, as it gives strength to the letters, 
without which capitals lose much of their beauty. 

Don't throw away your practice paper, or your pens. 
tmless they are broken, for pens which have become worn 
until they make a hcavj' line iivill be useful for practice 
in what I call " cut-and slash " practice. About once a 
week collect your old pens and paper and practice heavy 
shading on capitals and capital exercises. Shade much 
heavier than you r>rdinarily do. and use a pen until it 
breaks— which will not be long. Put force in your 
icnrk .' ! ! This is the kind of practice which will give 
you confidence — a very necessary factor in learning to 

write, and it will aid you to get that firm stroke, which 
is 60 desirable. 

In learning signature writing it is best to work on one 
penman's work, as much as poFsible, and do not only look 
at the copy, but sve it. Study its parts carefully, and 
then study it as a whole. 

My copies for this lesson show only a few styles of sig- 
natures, yet I think the variety is great enough to give 
some of us enough work for some time to come. 

Study hannony. as the lack of haimcny in a signature 
is as harsh to the eye as discord in music is to the ear. 

The copies for this lesson were written with a Gillott 
No. 1 pen and an oblique holder. Muscular movement 
was used on the capitals and comliined on the small let- 
ters, using more ot the arm motion than fingers. 
How to Mftlcc the SianaturcM. 

The square shade in the /•' in the name. ' ' F. K. Mar- 
tin,'" was made by outlining and then filling in. Be 
careful to put it just in the right place, as it improves the 
looks of the E. Make the last part of M and the first 
part of '* a " before raising the pen ; if you do not lose 
control of the movement, continue the motion until you 
make the right curve in " /," then lift the pen and finish 
the word. Be earefiU to leave no opening where you 
raised the pen. In the next name make the first oval in 
H nearly horizontal, and shade the last part of the letter 
as high as you can. The finishing stroke in the D will 
require very patient practice. Try to make it parallel 
with the base line. 

Such combinations as O. W., O. M., D. M., etc., with 
the oval thrown to the left of the top of the first letter, 
produce a very pretty effect. In the signature, " f. K. 
Gains" it will be seen that the capitals are very plain, 
but the flourish around the small letters gives it an orna- 
mental effect. Shade C and E high— a common fault is 
shading them too low. 

The only difference in the tT combinations is the begin- 
ning and finishing strokes. The ovale which combine the 
letters should be in a horizontal position. Look at the 
bottom of the second part of each W, and you will see 
that it is a curve, instead of being shari>- You may have 
some trouble in getting this turn just right. Don't get 
discouraged if you get the turn too wide at first, a" care- 
ful practice will overcome that fault. The E. V. N. looks 
simple, but some hard practice will be rf^juired to make 
it well. Be sure to make the heavy stroke under the 
whole name so it will balance with the rest of the signa^ 
ture. The combination E. L. (J. wiU give you a chance 
to test vour skill. Begin with the G and finish the L be- 
fore you raise the pen. Make the toi)s of E and (J close 
together and be careful where you place the L. 

Take up one signature at a time and work on it until 
vou caT see improvement, and then take up another one 
the same wav, etc. Go over them many times in this 
manner, being sure that you know how to practice them. 
If you have a magnifying glass, look at the coi)tes and 
your work through it, as you can see the faults more dis- 

To those who will send me a stamp and their very best 
efforts on these signatures, I will correct the faults and 
return to sender, with necessary instructions for further 


Public School Writing Contest. 

On May 15 The Jourxai. Public Sthool Writing 
Contest for 1H«0 will close. We hope that every 
Supervisor and Special Teacher in America will 
enter the work of their pupils. Firat and second 
prizes are awarded for each of the eight grades and 
the High School. The Supervisor whose pupils are 
awarded the largest number of prizes will be given 
a special SupiTvisors Certificate. As many grades 
as possible should be entered, but send one grade if 
yon cannot send more. It is no little honor tojget 
one of these Supervisor's Certificates. 





No. 1. 
To l/ii- Trarhrr ; 

You are strange and will be sure of the attention 
of the class. Your object in the lesson is to 
secure their obedience to your commands. Use such 
simple words and motions that they will not become 
bewildered. If you can give clear, definite orders 
that the class can execute in concert without hesita- 
tion from beginning to the end of the lesson, you 
are sure of their respect, obedience and attention in 
every future lesson. 

Do not say suddenly to your class, " Place your 
pencil in the groove with the sharp end pointing to 
the right. ' ' Here are five ideas that you require 
their little minds to grasp at once, and naturally they 
become confused and do not act together, and you time and patience in corrections. 

Pass the ])aper and pencils quietly and carefully 
if you wish to have the children think them of any 
value. Class is in order, ready for the lesson. 

LrSHOii I, 
Outline: Pencil polntu to the i-iKht In groove. Paper slant 
Inn on the desk. Arm rest on the Croat odite of desk. Poys- 
K*'... "■"' }°' ""^ hauils. Manner of takinij the pencil. 
Position of pencil In the rlijht hand. Wrist raised. Lett 
hand ou paper. 

The I'cncU. 

Class, do as I do. Right arm up, straight over 
head. Down quick Left arm up, straight. With 
the left hand touch your pencil. Together, lift it 
up. Show me the sharp end. The sharp end of my 
pencil points which way V Make yours point to the 
right and lay it down in the groove of the desk. 
That is the way you want your pencil in the groove, 
pointing to the right, when you are ready for the 

The I'ap/^. 

Take up your paper and hold it as I hold mine, 
straight in front. Lay it down on the desk that 

Put your hand on it, turn it a little. When the 
paper is not straight, but turned, we say it is slant- 
ing. Your paper must be slanting when you are 
ready for the lesson. 

The Arm. 

Show mo your elbow. Find two inches in front 
of It. Feel of your arm there. Don't vou find a 
bunch of muscles 1 Boys and girls that work hard 
have the most muscle. Find the same bunch on the 
other arm, and then I will tell you my name for it. 
I call that bunch of muscles the arm rest Show 
me the front edge of the desk. Both hands up On 
the front edge of desk place both arm rests. 

i"Aj/»(r<i( Drill. 

Hands open, palms up. Opening and shutting 
hands, counting five. Hands closed, turning \vrists 
five counts. Palms down, opening and shutting' 
five counts. M.n-ing the thumbs, five counts' 
Thumb touches tip of every finger, five times 
Move hands up and down from wrists, five times 
Shake the bngors hard as yon can. Position, class. 

The Hand. 

Touch the pencil with left hand. Lift it hold it 
so the sharp end points to the ceiling and rest the 
elbow on the desk. Right arm up straight, hand 


closed. Open fingers as I count, 1-2-3-4-5. Again 
open, and count; first finger, second finger, third 
finger, fourth finger and the thumb. Put your first 
finger on the pencil where the sharpening begins. 
It is tired, let it lie down straight on the pencil. 
Look at the end of the second finger. The place 
where the nail grows out we call the root of the 
nail. Let the pencil touch the root of the nail of 
the second. Bend your thumb so the knuckle is 
way out like mine and place it on the pencil for a 
brace. Let the pencil cover up that wrinkle in the 
first finger. With your left hand turn the third 
and fourth away for a hand rest. 

Lean back in the seat. E.xtend both arms out. 
Arm rests domi on the edge and the pencil points 
to the shoulder. Sit still, and you make me think 
ot soldiers with their guns pointing to the shoulder. 
Slip your left hand under the wrist. Take it out 
carefully and your wrist makes a little bridge. The 
left hand on the paper. You are now in good posi- 
tion for writing. 

" Tommy," said the teacher on the first day of school, 
" have you forgotten all you knew ? " 

" Well," repUed Tommy, doubtfully, • 1 don't exactly 
know all I've forgotten. "—Sr. 

iLLUSTR/MjVe. i^ 



' ay Lancdon S.7moa^?5on 

|\'^^ DlR^ECroROpT^RrEDllCATION.jERiE/Cny NJ. 

Practical Lessons. — XVI. 

riate XVIJ.—IimertH. 

Entomology, or the study of in?5ects, is one of the 
most attractive in the whole field of Natural His- 
tory. This particularly innumerable host includes 
more than two hundred thousand known species. 
This great fi,eldof animated nature interests us from 
many points of view. It is here we find very ex- 
traordinary and often beautiful colors and forms, 
many very curious transformations, surprising in- 
stincts closely allied to reason. This subject may 
be pursued in any part of the world, since insects 
abound everywhere. 

In the language of Kirby and Spsnce we may say : 



ouijh trial of firo lonff tettks, ten minutes ytvr day, nut) 
seeiug no marked improvements, decideil that it was a 
hnmbng rather than a saccess. 

It would seem that a few of tho " fads," with the ex- 
ception of arithmetic^ business, etc, which Miss Richmau 
deplores, mi|>:ht be profltably supplanted by a little time 
devoted to common seuw or even fairly jjixnl horse sense. 

A change is most decidedly in ortler, and that diauge 
must be iu the Normal Schools. A. \V. IIolmks. 


" They appear to have been nature's favorite produc- 
tinnH, in which to manifest her power and skill; she has 
combined and concentrated fdmost all that is cither beau- 
tiful and graceful, interesting and alluring, or curious 
and singular, in every other class and order of her chil- 
dren. To these, her valued miniatures, she has given the 
most dolicnto touch nnd highest finish of her pencil. 
Numbers she has armed with Klittering mail, which re- 
flects a luster like that of burnished metals ; in others she 
lights up the dazzling radiance of polished gems. Some 
she has decked with what look like liquiddrops, or plates 
of gold and silver ; or with scales or pile, which mimic 
the cx>lor and emit the ray of tho same precious metals. 

" Nor has nature been lavish only in the apparel and 
ornament of these i>rivileged tribes; iu other respects she 
has been 0(]uaMy unsparing of her favors. To some she 
has given fins like those of fish, or a beak resembling that 
of birds ; to others horns, nearly the counterparts of 
thu^u of various (luadrupwis. 

" But further : insects not only mimic, in a manner 
inflnitoly various, ovorything in nature, they may also 
with very little violence be regarded as symbolical of 
beings out of and above nature. Tlie butterfly, adonied 
with every beauty and every grace, borne by radiant 
wings through the fields of ether, nnd extracting nectar 
from ©very flower, gives us some idea of the blessed in- 
habitants of happier worlds, of angels, and of the spirits 
I'f the just arrived at thoir state of perfection." 

Insfcts belong to tho division called articulatii. 
In their perfect state they are distinguished from 
other articulate animals by the possession of six 
legs and two antenmr. and by the division of the 
body into three distinct parts, called tho hmd, the 
thora.r and the aluiomvH. as shown in Fij^s. 4 and 5. 
The thorax bears the three pairs of legs and the 
wings, or the organs of locomotion. Iu Fig. 5. « 
represents the head with the eyes and tho anteniuv ; 
b shows the first piiir of legs; c pictures the second 
pair of legs and the first pair of wing.s; tl represents 
the third i)air of legs and tlic se<'ond pair of v/ings; 
(• rei>n'sents the abdomen. The three parts. It, c and 
'/. all belong to the thorax. The number of rings oi 
segments of the abdomen c varies, but is usually 
about ten. 

Fig. 1 represents the common house fly. 

*' Uaby bye, here's a fly ; 

Lot ns watch him. yuu and I. 

How he cmwls 

Up tho walls. 

Yet he never falls." 

Fig. a shows the foot of the fly greatly magnified, 
with it,s two suckers thatexphiin why he never falls. 

Fig. 4 shows the honey bee and its three parts. 
Fig. 3 shows the arrangement by which it oirries 
tlu> pollen *if flowers. 

Fig. (i shows an American dragon fly, callinl by 
some p<'Ople .s7ii/(H( rs. by others the (kn'l's tianitmj 
mctllv. They are btautifully colored, have a light 
and airy flight, and some have an abdomen six inches 

Fig. 7 is a VaprU-orn beetle. These insects are 
widely distiibuted over the world, and are gener- 
ally diatinguishwl by the great length of their 

Fig. ^* represents the Western grjisshopper. which 
in some years mates inroads on the crops of the 
farmer. Besides their appetites, they are distin- 
snished for large and powerful bind legs, which 
enable tbem to leap great distances. 

' Joy is a butterfly, winged and fleet, 
Dancing and glancing 

Hither and you, 
Iu the light of the radiant 



Butterflies are the most charming of the insect 
creation. They are the living gems of nature, with 
coloring nowhere else surpassed. Fig. 9 represents 
the Priam buttcrjiy of the Eastern Archipelago. Its 
wings extend from seven to eight inches, and are 
colored with rich green and deep black. 

Fig. 10 shows a brilliant example of the PapUio 
or swallow tail family. 

Penmanship in Normal Schools. 

Salem, Mass., April is, is'h;. 
Editor Penman's Aht Journal ; 
In an article under " Editorial Comment " iu the April 

Art in the School Room. 

The rude, cheerless school houses of our forefathers 
sutBced for the needs of their ttme and, perhaps, com- 
pared favorably with tho log houses of that day. To-day. 
progress has brought it*> corresponding improvements iu 
our public buildings, writes Charles E. Finch, Jr., in Thv 
Cnntu'cficut Schuid Jouriuil. 

Our club rooms aud public libraries are made attractive 
by artists' hands, our theaters are tho very suggestion of 
comfort, and our homes have a greater or less influence 
on our lives, according to the attractiveness their sur- 
roundings may possess. Should tho school room in which 
the child is to pass so great a part of his lite remain 
unattractive aud unadorned ? 

Pretty, advertising cards, or pictures that come with 
various papers will, of course, prevent tho white walls 
from staring at the children, but, as those ornaments 
would not do for our homes, they surely cannot find thoir 
proper place in the school room. 

The elevation of society must be uccomplishod b.v ap- 
pealing to a love of the beautiful, aud bringing out the 
best there is iu men. 

Many of our public school children come from homes 
where this essential element of culture is almost if not 
entirely lacking, and it remains tho duty of this great 
institution to supidy this lack. 

Whore shall we begin ? At the beginning. As the 
child first comes intoour primary rooms, let him see ujjon 
its walls some substantially framed pictures, which shall 
have a meaning to him. 

Later on his teacher may talk about tho pictures, 
drawing from them somo little lesson, or telling the in- 
teresting life of the artist. The " Madonna will, suggest 
the beautiful story of the Christ Child, the " Angels' 
Heads" may turn his thoughts into a loftier channel ; 

(R)b?t) \h^ m<?rrq krh <io\h §il<i 

(<^itf) bi$ song 11)'? $at7)i7)«r bocir^, 
^D<i tt)«ir D^sfe \h<^ 6<vO\llo(j^^ WM 

Id H)^ voo\^ bj)<i hops o1 kwn. 
(^i7<i !!)<? §ol<l<$D brooro-lloccx^r bciros 

M \bo(ib If)? w^^b<j, 
^^D<l Wn t))\i^^D CO\q r^kims _^s 

^i\h \ pr<?lki b^sk,- -^"^^^ 

Tb<?n bow wm(\ m \h^ I'ino'es 
Th<? 5iit)7i)7?Hin)^si ?h? S prrngj tm,, 



JouuNAL you have made a golden iwint. Every normal 
school in America sbould have a cinitijrtriit teacher of 
writing. No one who understands the subject >vill doubt 
this assertion. 1 will cite a few things that have come to 
notice aloug this line. 

i can name a State Nurmal School where the teacher of 
penmanship placed vertical copies upon the board for 
class work and gave the same pupils reproduced Spencer- 
ian .Vi-degree slant copies for home practice, requiring a 
certain amoant of work each day, nothing being said 
about movement or method, and stating that vertical 
writing was more rapid, legible, etc., than the slant 

Another public school teacher who is allowed the most 
crtrtirw/iint time of fifteen minutes, twice or three times 
l)er week, requiring her pupils to write vertically in 50- 
degree slant copy books. 

Once more : Two public school teachers testing the 
Wrtuesof the so-called muscular movement after a (Aor- 

while some scenes picturing tho dumb beasts can be made 
the basis of a lesson on kindness to animals. 

In grades that follow ho may write about the pictures, 
using them as a subject for language lessons, while in the 
higher rooms he should, in this way, be made familiar 
with noted scenes abroad. 

" The Colosseum " shall help him to realize the great- 
ness of ancient Rome, while the ' Arch of Titus " snggestB 
her succe s iu her mighty conctuests. " The Riulto " ficene 
will liring near to him the *' Queen of the Adriatic," and 
prepare him for bis meeting with Shylock in his later 
reading. The portraits of our own beloved poets, to- 
gether with those of such men as Washington. Franklin, 
Lincoln and Grant, nhould. l>y their silent c<mipunionship, 
inspire the pupils t3 lead helpful lives and do noble 
deeds ; also to increase their interest in literature and 
history. Teachers certainly require no argumentb to 
c:mvince them of this need in places of their tlaily toil. 

The question with them is. " How shall it l>e supplied ? " 


It may be well, then, in this connection, to give a few 

I^t yonr pupils have a large part in the work of raising 
fondB for this new object. The child is interested in 
what hia money buys, or helps to buy. Have as much 
enthusiasm in the matter as possible in the fchool and it 
in bound to reach the hcnni-s and the people in general. 
The next step will be the printing of art coupons, worded 
as follows: 

Art Vnupon. 

This coupon entitles the holder to a share in the works 
t.f art in the school. 

The*w cou;ions may be sold at ten cents apiece, or such 
price as may seem best. Each child is given as many as 
be is willing to sell, and must return to the teacher the 
money or the coupons. 

A healthy rivalry as to which room and which pupil 
►hull roise the most money will be helpful. Having done 
what yon can in this way, an appeal may Ijc made to 
prominent jwoplo in your vicinity to give one picture, or 
K) unite with one or two others in buying one. 

If desired, a card bearing the name of the donor, with 
the title of the picture, miy be placed in the lower left 
hand (corner of the frame. 

Some intorcflted parent may be willing to contribute a 
picture tor his child, this picture to be placed in the 
grade of a favorite teacher. Pictures may also be placed 
in certain grades as a memorial to some little one who 
(lid bis last work in that grade. 

After obtaining funds the (luestion naturally arises as 
to what pictures will be best adapted to the diflferent 

The following list, which has been approved by a Boston 
artist, may be found helpful. 

This collection may be seen, at any time, in the Wollas- 
ton School, Quincy, Mass. 

The nnmi! of the i)icfnrc is followed by the name of the 
artist and tlx- prcf^cnt locjitiuii (i( tbe un^niial. 

* Qyfct^ ClA^uzruiS 

Lsyiug down th? Law. Landsoer London 

Dignity and Impudence, Landseer . . . . « . . London 

Madonna and Child, Murillo Florence 

Wounded Hound. Ansdell. 

Ansels" Heads. Reynolds London 

Children I bas relief ). Robbia Florence 

Children (b«is relief >. Robbia Florence 

Children (bas relief!. Robbia Florence 

Sympathy. Briton Riviere. 

Member of Humane Society. Landseer London 

Pharaoh's Horses. Herrinc 

Mater Dolorosa, Onido Reui Rome 

Children I bus relief ). Robbia Florence 

Children (has relief). Robbia Florence 


Daniel and the Lions. Horace Vernct. 

Fruit Venders. Murillo Munich 

Longfellow (from life). 

Urand Canal " . . . . Venice 

Children ibas relief). Robbia Florence 

Children (has relief), Robbia Florence 

Charity. Briton Riviere. 

Mount Vernon. 

Holmes ihiistt. 

Laughinn Boy (bustt. Donatello. 

Angels' Heads. Correggio. 

Sistine Madonna, Raphael Dresden 

Prince in the Tower, Millais England 

Arch of Constantine Rome 

Melrose Abbey Scotland 

Lafayette (bust). 
J. O. Whittior. 

Madonna of the Choir, Raphael Dresden 

Saint Cecilia, Raphael Bologna 

St. Mark's Cathedral Venice 

Aurora. Guide Reni Rome 

Milan e^thedral Milan 

Rlalto Bridge Venice 

Acropolis Athens 

Hermes (bust). 
Columbus (bust*. 
J. R. Lowell. 

Westminster Abl»ey Tjondon 

Castle ol St. Angelo and Tiber Rome 

Ducal Palace and Urand Canal Venice 

Colosseum Rome 

Capitol Washington 

Lincoln (bnst>. 

Franklin (bust). 

Apollo belvidere (bust>. 

Vasei (Greek forms>. 

Cast of Lion. 

W. C. Bryant. 

There Are Others. 

'' Can 1 write my name nuder the received payment 
on this bill } " asked the collector, who likes to put things 
as delicately as possible. 

"No. thank you," replied Mr. Brokely, "I'm no 

tograph fiend.*'— ronAvi's {N. F.) Home Journal find 


Recent Public School Book Adoptions. 

II liliiiv. 

Concora, N. H , Salt Luke Cit>, Utiih; Esciinalm. Miili. 
—Sheldon's Vertical Copy Books 

7».nr. (,!(/. 

Hoboken, N .1 -Pianu System of Drawiuf!. 







NEW YORK, MAY, 1896. 


School and 


— The new Bch<x)Is brought to our notice lately are : 
Pwiuoil B. (;., Meriden. Conn., Albert A. May, Prin. ; 
(Jn«nflelil, Tcnn , Nor. Coll., .1. E. (Joldsby & J. R. (Jor- 
rett. ProprB.. .Iiw. D. Omhs, Prin. Com'l and Pen. Dopts. ; 
Uoffmanii Si.-lcct BoKinesn Studio. No. HI Wisconsin 
Street. Milwauliee, Wis.. A. Hoffman, Prin. : Wood's 
B. C , Shenandoah, Pu., F. E. WoikI, Propr., S. I. Wood, 

— v.. v.. Curtis, Propr. Curtis 0. C, Minneapolis, Minn., 

has disposed of tho institution to J. L. Hodgmire. W. 

F. Ma({oe lias sold the Hhamokin. Pb., B. C. to O. W. 
Williams of Wilken-Bairo. Mr. Williams' Wilkes-Barro 
s<'h(>r)l has been alworbed by Woods' B. C. 

^ The l>tii\\i Otisrrrrr, (Charlotte. N. ('., devotes three- 
quarters of a column to the e8c«piule» and final flight of 
•f F, Ilvidr-on, Propr. of Hudson's B. IT. 

sncct-ss in hiB work and we hope his change will be to his 
advantage in every way. 

- In a handsomely written letter John Rockwood. Los 
Angeles. Cal.. savs. in renewing his subscription ; " You 
are making a superb paper, and ought to lie proud of it." 

— The Newport, Pa.. .Vi-ii < has over a halt column of 
correspondence from Ickesburg. Pa., most of which is de- 
voted to a description of the flue work turned out by J. C. 
Miller and the students in his school in Ickesburg. Mr. 
Miller has devoted considerable time to knife work and 
ba.s invented a device which causes a landscape or ocean 
scene executed in this new art to pass through tints repre- 
senting sunrise, sunset, moonlight, etc. Ickesburg is ver>- 
pro'.id of her penmen and never forgets to mention that 
the world-renowned H. W. Flickinger hailed from that 

- We received invitations to attend the commencement 
exercises and Alumni Reception of Merrill College, Stam- 
ford. Conn., on April ID. There was a very large class 
graduated In both commercial and shorthand departments. 
Several celebrated people took part in the programme aud 
the event was a great one for Merrill College and Stam- 

— .J. G. Dunsmore, Prest. of the Dunsmore B. C, 
SUiunton. Va., has leased the building and grounds of 
the Staunton Female Seminary and will move his B. C;. 
into the Seminar}' building on June tiO. Rev. James 
Willis, formerly Prin. of the Seminary, will be Vice-Pres. 
of the B. C. Our old friend R. W. Ballentine will remain 
as Sec'y and penman. 

— The Paris Exposition Association of the Metropolitan 
B. ('.. Chicago is a savings fund organization of students 
and friends of the Metropolitan B. C. to visit the Interna- 



— - Amonfi loi-piit visitors t«) Thk JorRNAi. oSicc were 
tlu> lollowniK: T. IV MrMeniimin. Phitndclphia, Pa. ; 
I. S. Prostoii. Tnmpkinsville, N. Y. ; E. M. HuutsinRer. 
UuntsniKvr's H. t' ., C^onn. ; F. (). StroiiK, Hoke 
Knuraviiij: Co.. St. Louis Mo. ; J. '.'larke Willmms, 
Pr.'st Cuirv liiiv.. Pittbburgh, Pa. ; (1. C. tliivnor, Polv- 
t.flmir Inst . lirooklvn.. N V. ; L. L. Willinms and F. E. 
UiHiiTs. Uorh.-->,ter. N. Y. ;^ W. J. Aiuos, Merrill Coll., 
StaiiiCtinl, Comi. ; W. H. Vernou.. (..'entennrv Collegiate 
Institute, Hftckettstown, N. J. ; (■. P. Mea'ds. B. & S. 
Bus. Coll., Syracuse. N. Y. : J. P. Byrne. Peirre Coll.. 
Philn . Pa. : 'F. E. Wood. Scranton. Pn. : \V. H. Sadler. 
Baltimore. Md. ; O. W. Brown. Jacksonville. 111. ; R. E. 
UallaKher. Canada B. C.. Hamilton. Ont. ; H. \V. Flickiu- 
uer. Temple Coll.. Phila.. Pa. ; E. L. Brewster. Stanford, 
N. Y. : C. C. Fi-ench. Easton. Pa. 

— M. L Miner, Heftley School of C\)nimerce. Brooklyn. 
N Y.. Wlieves in Aoui^ tiling in a practical way. "in 
addition to talks on business methods he has his students 
visit leadint; business offices of New York under his direc- 
tion. They lately \'i8itBtl the New York Clearing House 
by invitation of the manager and saw it-i practical work- 
ings. While in the city many of the students, together 
\vith Mr. Miner, called at Thk JoruNAL oliice. Amrng 
those who favoretl us with a visit were H. F. Corwin. H. 
(Iriffin. W. T. Dnnhain, A. ii. l^lkins F. H. Corwin, Geo. 
W. Eglwrt. 

— A. A. Al>ercrt>mbie, several years Prin. of Com'l and 
Pen. Dent*, of Bethany Coll.. LindslKirg, Kans.. has closed 
his woTK with the schix>l aud has accept^Ml a position as 
Asst. Postmaster in Linsborg. tt. E. El>erhnrt. Mr. 
Abercrombie's former assistant., will now have full charge 
of commercial work. Mr. Abercrombie has madeamarked 

tional Exposition of Paris iu the summer e( UKM). This 
Association is incorporated, with O. M. Powers, Prest. ; 
L. H. Young. Yice-Prest. : J. A. Lyons, Secy. A number 
of prominent Chicago people are associated with the 
Metropolitan folk?. 

— E. K. Lsaacs, for many vears head of the Pen. Dept. 
of the Nor. III. Nor. School. Valparaiso, Ind.. but for the 
last few years at Los Angeles, Cal.. is now Vice-Prest. of 
the Los "Angeles B. C. and Supervisor of Writing in the 
public schools of that city. He formerly figured much in 
the penmanship papoi's. but for several years has kei)t 
very quiet. In a late letter he says : " I suppa'ie you 
think I have ^oneback on The JouRNALand penmanship 
entirely. This is not exactly so. Our school here is doing 
well. We are not making a specialty of penmanship, 
however, but have a regular drill in business writing 
every day. I have done no ornamental pen work for a 
uum'ber of years and reidly feel that I am an absolute 
back numl)er in that regard. U is (piite interesting, how 
ever, to note the rise and fal! of penmen. It is remark- 
able to what degree of excellence some of the younger 
memlHjrs of the fraternity have attained in a compara- 
tively short time. You are certainly to be congratulated 
on the great, good and persistent work that youaredomg. 
The JorRNAi. maintains iti* dignified supremacy without 
question By the way, how is vertical writing in the 
East '; It seems to be making good progress out here." 

— We have received subscription and onler for several 
penmanship publications from Home Lavalle, a connois- 
seur in penmanship and expert in matters of handwriting, 
of Montevideo. L ruguay. S^mth America. He reports 
penman.ship matters rather backward in that section of 
the world. 

— G. C. Ruy-uor was born iu Suffolk Co., N. Y., Feb. 10, 
1868. At an earlv age he comi)lote<l the regular course 
of study in the public schot»l and then received instruction 
in a private schtxil for one year. In ISSti he entered the 
State Normal School at Albany, N. Y. After completing 
the course he acceptetl the principnlship of the Shelter 
Island, N. Y.. Academy, which position he held for two 
vears. In IStKl ho was elected teacher of i>eiimansliip 
in the State Normal School at Millersville. Pa. Here 
he conducted the work in the Normal Department and 
superintended the teaching of writing in the Mwlel De- 
partment. This has gn.ii liim widi' expeiienc!* in the art 



ship i 

of teaching. He nest entered the Z;ini'ii;iii Ail 
Columbus, O., and complrtrd tin- \n-<>\- — i..ii,tl . .m 
Mr. Zaner expresses it, ■■ in us tlHunu-h :\\\<\ •■},■ 
a manner as any who have yet uracinjiti-d i in n 
IHSi'A Mr. Raynor was appointed teacher ot jieiiinaii 
the Polytechnic lust, of Brooklyn, N. V:., and 
structor of penmanship and business forms iu the Brook- 
lyn Evening High School. Mr. Radnor is an all-around 
penman and a strong teacher. Heis especially good in 
bold business writing. Furthermore he is a cultnreil, 
courteous gentleman, and has won the respect of students. 
teachers and all with whom he has been brought; in c(ui- 

— People bom in Ohio evidently think that they are 
entitled to l)ecome penmen and t() hold offices by divine 
right. Certainly Ohio has produced a large number of 
professional penmen. The face looking out at you her*) 
IS that of E. A. Newcomer of the New Jersey B. (!., 
Newark, N. J. He was Ixirn on a farm in Medina Co., 
Ohio, in 1H70. The first fifteen years of his life were spent 
on his father's farm, working in summer and attending 
the district school in winter. From sixteen to tighteeti 
vears of age he was a student iu the Western Reserve 
"Nonnal Coll., Wadsworth, O. The following four ycaiH 
were 8i)ent in teaching in 
the graded schools. His 
vacations were spent in 
tho Nonnal Coll., and 
this wiLSsu))plcmented by 
;lie Cliiuitiuu|ua Reading 
CourKi". In 'ii:)ho gradu- 
iiU-d from Eastman B. C., 
i»out'hkeei)sie, N. Y. He 
took a penmanship couvf o 
under G. Bixler at Wooe- 
tiT, Ohio. The following 
vear \m taught in the 
puhlir schools of Wads- 
worth. Ohio, which posi* 
tion he resigned to accept 
E. A. NEWcosiEU. lus prcseiit jiosition as 

PrinciTial of the Theory 
Dept.'at the New Jersey B. C. Mr. Newcomer has done 
considerable work in tho line of expert bookkeening, and 
in tho line of pen art he received the silver medal i highest 
award) at tho New Jersey State Fair in Ikd.-.. Mr. New- 
comer is profoundly interested in the welfare and kuc( ess 
of his students and studies their wants and the best meth- 
ods of teaching them, so that nothing will be left undone 
to advance their interests. He is of a kind, courteous 
disposition and has hosts of friends wherever ho ha« been 

— Tne transfer of the Northwestern B. C, Manaynnk, 
Pa., from A. J. Schissler to C. C. Bailey was mmle some 
two years ago and not recently, as announced in the April 
number of The JorRNAr.. 

— W. A. Mackenzie, late Prin. of the Com'l Dept. 
Public Schools, Lockport. N. Y., hanstartc^l The Xifi(/ara 
Sffnof/rapht-r, a monthly journal of Eclectic shorthand. 
He is succeeded in the commercial and shorthand work 
in the public schools by L. P, Bettinger of Reading, Pa. 

— M. J. Connor and J. M. Phillips of the Actual Euf. 
Coll., Pittsburg, Pa., have jiHt brought out the ninth 
edition of their work on bookkeeping, banking, etc., 
entitled the " Revised Actual Business Actymntaut." 

— We have received a copv of the lecture " Concerning 
Us All " delivered by Miss Charlotte M, Halloway before 
the Btudents and friends of the New Loudon, ('onn., Bus. 
Coll. some time since. It is a bright pHxluction and the 
daily papers of New London devoted considerable space 
to ita review. 



of the DuDKmore B. C. Staunton. 
ntstraction in pcnman'-hip fnim H 

receiveil bis first 

Williamson, and 

l>ef;an teaching the samt at 

the remarkably advanced 

ageot fifteen. Later he took 

^^ ii biisineMi course and then 

^^Kj^^ taught in the Com'l Dei t- 

^^^^^\ n f t h e A 11 egheoy Inst , 

I ■ Roanoke. Va . for one pes- 

■ ■1^ «b \ Hun. Next be kept books 

I for a large wholesale grocery 

\ ^K. I <orai>any and did expert ac- 

r<mntine^ for about two 

vearn. The next two years 

were spent as penman and 

Tt'ai her in the iJns. Dept. of 

thf (Jrand Rapidp. Mich., 

B. C. While there ho took 

a course in shorthand out- 

__ __ 8ide (tchool hours and as- 

pisted some in that depiirt- 
mc;nt. Ho iux«pt«d his present position in January, '01, 
nnd has filled it to tho entire satisfaction of all concerned. 
The JoiitNAi. has shown several examples of Mr. Ballen- 
tineV plain and ornumental writing and exi>ects to show 
more in the near future. He writes a strong, accurate 
hand and i» an excellent teacher. 

In tho lliisini-sM Educator, published by the Clinton, 
la., B. C. we find a well written article entitled "In 
School or Office ? " by R. W. Fisher. St, Paul. Minn. 

— A. L. Diuiielsen of Bergon, Norway, in sending a 
Kut>scription to The Joiiunal writes a very interesting 

— Tho ///. Stfite lirffister, Springfield, III., gives a column 
and a half of space on its first page lo a well written 
account of commencement exercises of the Springfield B. 
C. The manoftomont of the Principal, H. B. Chicken, comes 
in for unHtintcd praise. Judge ('has. P. Kane, on behalf 
of the Hliich'TitH, picst-nted Mr. Chicken with a beautiful 
gold Kiiit,'lits 'i'ditplar tliiirni set in diamonds. 

— The \Vii>Iuii;itnii, D. <', /■;.■,-„( iiy .SVaranuounccR that 
acontrjict n| MttlL-mciit of the estate of the late Henry 

III! 1>. C,. was Higned and all bondsmen 
Ljciiiriit of Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, who 
vi-il unstiiitud juaise from the bonds- 
tlio fslati! is *;(J,ro(). The Spencer 
I Iiiiiior of Mr. Spencer has 
IK i)lace in tho New (Church Temple, 
Kith and Corcoran St.s., N. W. It is a beautiful 
piece of work and was executed by Donald MacDonald of 
Boston, under direction uf Mrs. Spencer. 

— In the Wilkes-Ban-e, Pa., Times, we find a very 
interesting two column letter, headed "Trip to Califor- 
nia." from tho pen of Fred. H. Criger, the well-known 

— At Chenango F<>rk8, N. Y in 1870, the original of the 
portrait shown herewith, J. E. Tuttle, was ushered into 
tins world- When be was seven years of ago his parents 

. and in this place he attended pub- 
raduated. He took a course in the 
at Simpson ('oil , Indiunola, la., and 
ti'ptiMl llui ]iosition as instructor in 
I which iiKMtitution he was elected 
pal on.' year later, linally becoming owner of the 
Ho sold the school 

C. Spemvr, Spei 

rele»se<l. The n 
was execiiirix, i 
men. The vahi 
memorial wind* 
pleted and init 

hicntcd i 

li. C. 


tliat ho might find 
to take a course in 
iiiisliip under L. Mad- 
then tenobinp in tho 
najvd-. fn.. P. C. 

fi'_' ihi 



| MaiKij4.-i 

s "!i;c, 

Inml K K, Hi 

i(ii pi) 

iK'j!""""!; "1 


Inter In- wiis 

uiuic- r 

now tiiiil lii.n 


or till' ».li..i. 

. Mr, 

n str.iiii; frii'i 

il..f T 

— Williiiil 

.1. Wli 

nl Uu- LllSIUf.s,-, D(-[jHrt- 

mciit of tho Mo. Wesleyan 
(,'oll.. which position he 
held for (me year and then 
returned to Cedar Rapids 
to finish his ])enman8hip 
course. He next became 
i,K connected with the Buf- 

falo. N. Y.. B.U., and soon 
■»1 a pnMtinii as bi>okkeeper in the tlen- 
• of tlic Phila.. Rowling & New Eug- 
»itinii lie lu'ld for two years. At tho 
eMiii sehnnl ypiir lie was elected pen- 
iiville. ithio, B- ('.. and a few weeks 
^miiii'ul i>f tlie uistitntion, where we 
iiii; the .null and direeting the affairs 
TutHe IS an eutlmt^iastic teacher and 


eel<T, Sec'y Birmingham, Ala.. B. C. 
hiui ri'i'eiitlv received olltieial notification from Mr. J. M. 
Sloan. London, Eng., author of Sloan- Duplovan Text 
Books« that the Birmingham B. C. has been made Ameri- 
can headquarters for Sloan- Duployan Shorthand and that 
the name of the College is so printed in all test books. 

— \V. .T. Elliott, of the Central B. C, Toronto. Ont.. 
goes to Stratford. Ont., to assume the management of 
t.he (Vntial H C. in that eitv, which is owned by W. H. 
Shaw and hiniself. P. Mihitosh, late prmciiMd of the 
Stmlford SclnH.l. has been tiansfei red to the Toronto Coll. 
Mr. Elliott wiLs formerly Ux-ated in Stratford and it feels 
like going back home. Bothof these institutions are meet- 
ing with SUCC6.SS the presout season. 

— The Farrinn Nat'l Uni . J. \V. Farr, Prop, and Prcs't, 
is located at Hutchinson. Kans. The Bhie Riijuds, Kan- 
syis, schtwl, formerly conducted by Mr. Farr. isclo*ipd. 

.Voff 1(1 fNf.t o/' thr TrarhrrM. 

RoWrt L. Freed is Prin. of the Bus. Dept. of William 

Jewell Coll, & Woman Aedy.. LiWrty. Mo. E. C. Bear 

is tt^ichiug in the Mountain Stiite B. C. Parkersburgh. 
W. Va. — -P. H. Keller, formerly of Lancaster, Pa., is 

now twichiugiu the PottsUvwu. Pa., B. C. W. H. Hen- 

sev is teaching in the public schools of Woodside, HI. W. 

P." Mcintosh IS iHmmau iu the new Bhss B. C, Haverhill, 

'Hl^yT/y /[Lryi/^ ^llcAyOfJ/, dlot-ceA^, 'zl&occ£^ 

'LUjc^Jiny^ l/LOtyOcJz/f ^LtOc^tycJi^ ^ ^lAAM^^yc/l/ , 
lAyUiyOcA/^ lAAJiAxJi^^ (aJ/L4X:A^ Ui/tyC/Jv,/lJ^ 

Myiyj/o M7h oi^a^mi /i-m 


Mass. J. P. Amspoker, formerly of Chicago, but late 

of Tubb's B. C.. Oil City, Pa., is a new member of the 

faculty of Sharon. Pa.. Coll. of Com. W. M. Barler is 

connected with the West Texas Nor. & B. C, Cherokee, 

Tex. W. J. Wade, late of Pottstown, Pa., B. C, is now 

connected with the Pa. B. C. Lebanon, Pa. J. C. Rob- 
erts, late of Clark's B. C, Vineland, N. J., is now con- 
nected with the Milwaukee, Wis., B. U. James A. 

Mitchell, the veteran penman, who has been representing 
Oinn & Co. on the road, is now at his home in Louder, 
111. G. E. Snyder is teaching in Wood's Coll., Shenan- 
doah, Pa. D. G. Snyder, formerly of Harrisburg. Pa., 

is now located iu Kutztown, Pa. J. A. Christman, Prin. 

Com'l Dept., Coll. of Agriculture, Mesilla Park, N. M.. 
has been elected Prin. Com'l Dept., in the Colo. State 
Agricultural Coll. Mr. Christman is succeeded at Mesilla 
Park by Mr. Miles of Silver City, N. M.. a graduate of 

Mo. State IT. L. Madarasz is temporarily located at 

Little Rock, Ark. H. F. Spencer is now located at 722 

East Market street. Louisville. Ky., and is not con- 
nected with the Weaver B. C. He has charge of the books 
of a wholesale house. C. W. Ransom, late of the Mary- 
land B. C. Baltimore, is the new penman of the Troy. 

N. Y.. B. C. F. C. Wheat has charge of Com'l Dept. 

Cornell Coll.. Mt. Vernon, la. S. D. Holt is turning out 

pen work in Kimmig's Pen Art Studio. 1018 Arch St., Phil- 
adelphia. J. M. Craig, a Zanerian student, is connected 

with Wood's Coll., Shenandoah. Pa. A. R. Kip, Napa. 

Cal., will transfer his allegiance to Hartford, Conn.. B. 

C.. on Sept. 1st. S. McVeigh, of the Hartford B. C . 

has joined the forces of the Spencerian B. C, Indian- 
aiiolis. lud. 


On March 24th. at Pottstown. Pa., Charles W. Farrar 
died after an illness of ten days of pleuro-pneiimonia. He 
was (i.'i years of age and at the time of his death wa."*. in 
conjunction with F. E. Kelley, proprietor of the Potts- 
town B. C. Mr. Farrar was a bachelor and is survived 
by two sisters. He was a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity and was -also a Knij^ht Templar. Pottstown papers 
speak in high terms of his kind disposition and uniform 
courtesy of manner. He was of a cheery, sunny nature, 
which attracted many friends to him. 

AVir Catnlnffiiea tintl School •fotirnals, 

— A well gotr.en up Oi-page cdtalogue of odd shape is 
issued by the Virginia B; C.. Richmond. Va.. and the 
Southern B. U., Lyn<^hburp. Va.. two schools under one 
management. The cover is an attractive half-tone B. 
A. Davis. Jr.. is President at Richmond, and J. W. (iiles 
is Pre.>^ideut at Lynchburg. 

— The new catalogue of Draughon's B. C. Nashville, 
Teun., has a very attractive cover, is tied with cord, 
printed iu two colors and is quite a hand.some document. 
The arrangement is not good— a common fault of business 
«»llege catalogues. 

— The new catalo.;ue of the University School, New 
Orleans, La.. T. W. Dyer, Principal, (i. W. Harmon. 
Principal Com'l Dept., is very attractively handled. 
There are numerous half-tones, and line engravings that 
add not a little to its appearance. Too many ornaments 
nnd too big variety of tn^e seem to mar it somewhat. 

— Other catalogues have been received from Scio, 
Ohio, Coll. ; Capital City B. C, Ottawa, Canada. 

— ("ollegc journals have been received from the follow- 
ing schools : 

University School, New Orleans, La. ; Wolfs B. C, 
Hagerstown. Md. ; Salem, Mass., Com'l School ; Napa, 
Cal.. B. C. ; Scio. O., B. C. ; Spencerian B. C . Cleveland, 
Ohio ; Detroit, Mich., B. U. ; University of Notre Dame, 
Ind.; Ohio B. C , Man.sfield. O. ; Spencer, Iowa, Normal 
and Bus. Coll. ; No. 111. Nor. School. Dixon, HI. ; Spen- 
cerian B. (?.. Indianapolis, Ind. : Western Nor. Coll., 
Basbuell. 111. ; Anderson, Ind., Normal Uui. ; So. Ind. 
Normal (Joll., Mitchell, Ind. 

Well'Known Supervisors. 

A. R. Merrill, special teacher of writing and drawing 
in Saco, Me.. Public Schools, and teacher of penmanship 
111 Thornton Academy, was born in the city in which ho 
now teaches. Here he attended the public schools, and 
iu 1885 received instruction iu writing from L. E. Pease, 
Saco's first special penmau. In 188(i he pursued his lessons 
under the direction of J. E. Ricketts, who succeeded Mr. 
Pease. C. E. Simpson, who followed Mr. Ricketts, was 
a fore-arm movement enthusiast and a most excellent 
penman. He succeeded in imbuing Mr. Merrill with 
some of this enthusiasm, and from this time on Mr. Mer- 
rill decided to become a professional penman. In ISHM, 
being desirous of obtaining a commercial education and 

fd (irny's 
,. , , i.lint,' tills 

.school was engaged to as-sist H. \V sh;i\lni, wim then 
had charge of the penmanship in th.ii iM-.iiiiiii..t), On Mr. 
Shaylor's retirement, in the spring' I if i-"-'!. Mr .Miihilwas 
engaged as teacher of penmanship ;iTiil Imnk kr. j m-,'. He 
remained in Giay's Portland Biisiijr--. fnW,-^.- until .huie 
ISiKi, when he accepted his present [.n-.iriMji m iij,. .s',ir<» 

schools. Later he wai* given < h.n t r)i. in Miii.insliiii 

work in the Thctrnton .\. .■hlriri\ , l,r . an ir^ -,ij in 

conjunction %vith his re^-nl.-it -i i i rhin.-- In.'HMiiiuii 

to the other training lie h,i- j i-r,n ,ii \u- lias -.tiulii^.! pin- 
manship with H. P. Behn-ri>nievei ..I ilie ilern 'Hv busi- 
ness College, Quincy, HI., and drawing at the Ainerican 
Institute of Normal Methods, Providence, R. I,, untlcr 
the direction of H. W. Sbaylor, Portland, Me., and H. F. 
Collins, Boston, Mass. Mr. Merrill writes a model bnsi 
ness hand— free, easy, graceful, rapid and legible, and 
his ornamental writing is beautiful. He is an excellent 
blackboard writer and a thorough teacher, as the samples 
of the work of his stuflents that we have examined ^vill 
prove. As a man he is held in the highest esteem by all 
who know him. Popular among his students, his char- 
acter above reproach and with devotion to his work he 
stands as a model teacher in his profession. 

( ^. 

A Feast with Rare Old Books. 

Hiiil. muitick Art I whicli mon like "UKvls taoRht, 
To »pcj»k to Even, and paint unlxKly'd Thongt ! 

-./. Cliamiiii.n, nW. 

Nambcr B. 

f'tiltt/ Itooks, 

The •• Pbilo9opliii;al Theory and Practice of Pen- 
manBhip." by M. A. Root, wa-s published in 1H43 4 
in Philadelphia by ApoUos W. Harrison. There 
were three parte, primary, intermediate and final : 
each part in fonr bookx. Of these twelve books six 
are Iwfore us as we write. 

The copii'S are poorly written, poorly engraved 
and badly printed. A pale(?reen ink waa used in the 
printing and must have made the copies very trying 
to the eyes 

The right side and left side positions and shaded 
small writing were advocated. By means of cross 
writing, thus writing over each page twice the claim 
was smade that there would be a gi-eat saving. The 
covers are filled with explicit in.structioii8 for plan, 
position, movement exercises, etc. In the primary 
l)Ooks the copies are arranged for trai'ing and in the 
intermediate and final books the lopies are repeated 
at intervals down the page. 

Many most excellent movement exercises .ire given 
and the whole series shows that much care and at- 
tention was given to methods. If the mechanical 
work had equaled the plan and method of the author. 
the series would have forged to the front. 

On the covers of the books the author quotes lib- 
erally from an " Essay on Teaching Penmanship." 
by Dr. Wm. A. Alcott of Boston, and from the "' Ab- 
stract of the Massachusetts School Returns," by 
Hon. Horace Mann. It may be news to the penmen 
of today that such distinguished educators were so 
strongly in favor of good writing — more in favor of 
it, we are sorry to say. than most of their successors. 

Geo. W. Winchester, " Author of Theoretical and 
Practical Penmanship. Muscular Disciplinarian, 
Penman's Chart, Bookkeeping, by Single and 
Double Enlry," etc, in IWO. brought out his 
" Primary Writing Book.' This copy book was " de- 
signed to prepare the learner for the use of his 
' Theoretical and Practical Peuniunship.' " 

Movement is given a prominent place in the 
method of instruction, and " The Muscular Discip- 
linarian " is nothing more or less than several large 
dry-pen movement exercises, that remind one very 
much of C. H, Peirce's Modern Tracing Exercises. 

The copy is printed at the top and middle of each 
page and the space below ruled off into little blocks 
.iust large enough for the copies, which are in most 
part simply single letters or parts of letters. Two 
dotted lines on the slant desired are used in these 
blocks to guide the pen in making the down strokes. 

The style of writing is the old English round 
hand slightly modified. Blue ink was used in print- 
ing the copies. This system of books was largely 


used in snch cities as Providence, Hartford. Spring- 
field, and Albany. 

Writers Who Can Write. 

Spi^akiDg of haDdwritinii;. Amelie Rivos is fur from 1>piiiK 
the only gonius whose hand is ns cloar as t-oppor ptate. Mrs. 
Marjraret K. Santjstcr's baud is boautifiilly clear ; Octave 
ThanotN can l>e rend at a filanco. and is. moroovor, a di'tiKht 
to the eye. There is barely a suspicion of scrawllncas in Mrs. 
Ruth McEnery Stnarfs; Mrs. Rebecca Rardini; Davis's writ- 
int; is as plain as print. Her son Richard's chironniphy is 
more antruhir and masculine, but not less lofiil'tt'*- But. tuk' 
ing all things into consideration, the amount she has writ ton. 
and the fact that most of it was at railroad speed, Mrs. Mary 
E. Bryan has the most remarkably good hand o" write— as 
clear and free of carelessness to-dny as when she Iwirau writ- 
ing, back in her early teens. In fact, the only porsjn to 
compare with her in this respect is Marton Uarlaud— Mrtt. 
Terhune— who writes nearlv an ideal hand— whether ono con* 
sidcrs it josthotically or with regard to the requiromonts of 
copy. Among the womeo storv tellers now coming to tho 
front. pL'^rhaps Miss Editli Brower sends out the most palnA- 
takingly intelligible manuscript.— .V. Y. Journal. 

Writins: of the World. 


About 700 out of each 1.000 people in Switzerland 
speak German; 225 speak Fronch; 5.') Italian, and 
a few a local dialect. The (German and Frencli 
characteristics show in their writiiig in a way 
that makes it difficult to tell what nationality it is. 

The examples of Swiss writing sIkuvm herewith 
bear unmistakable marks of their (lerman and 
French origin. 

To remove ink spots from white Roods saturate the 
stain with lemon juice, sprinkle with siilt and expose to 
the Bunlit;ht. Iron mold may he treated in the samo way. 
Wine rttjiins may bti lemoved in tho samu way from 
cottou, but silk should be treated with salts of ammonia 
mixed with lime. 

Examples of High-Grade Diplomas Made in The Journal Office. 


-"iH;irll)ic in:c«l)iim(.iii 


'"5 i,;lii/llil.l^ 




■ -. 02ESQ32E1^ 



>,//„, //■/■, a:.., 










JEmE> i:yeruruuiliQyzi£'CtntUAjUP 

A Woman Inventor. 

round on the connty officer, exclaimed 
hell with the Pope ! ' " 

Mr». Zo 

. Who Im nn American. DiHrovt^red n 
Nrw Kinil of Taper. 

Mm. Zonowsky, an American woman, though the wi/e 
of a Russiiin, has invented a new kind of paper, and has 
sold the iiecret to a Liverjiool firm for a large cash re- 
muneration, with the promise of future dividends in case 
of commercial prosperity. Mrs. Zonowsky one day left 
some lanl on a window sill, wrapped m ordinary brown 
paper, and when she came back for it she noticed that 
the upper portion of it had peeled off in a most extraor- 
dinary manner, making a thin substance, like a thin sheet 
of transparent paper, between the lard and the actual 
]iaper wrapping. She went to work to investigate, and 
after many failures demonstrated by practical experiment 
that a new material can be manufactured from animal 
«ul)8tan(« This material is to be used for various pur- 
poses, such as for making tissue paper, flowers and 
artists' paper. 


Seeing th(^ great need of a reform in the spelling of our 
language, and knowing how difficult it is to make any 
material change in it, and being aware of the va«t amount 
of time lost by every individual who becomes proficient m 
the art of spelling, 1 bog to offer the following plan tor the 
consideration of this b:idy of Business Educators : 

Whereas, Every business man is over ready to make im- 
provements in his business methods when those methods, 
by their impracticability, cause him a great loss of time, 
and being thoroughly satLsfled that u reform in the spell- 
ing of our English Language is absolutely necessary and 
would be a great saving of labor, and that this reform 
may ho brought about in a few years, if the right plan be 

Therefore, Be it resolved by this association of Business 

That we heartily recommend to the people of these 
United States and especially to those who are members 
of the National Educational Association, some practical 
line of action. 

That it is the desire of this assembly that one compe- 
tent person from each .State and Territory in these United 
States be chosen on the recommendation of the National 
Edut^tional Association or of the Educational Associa- 
tions of tho difl'orent States and that these persons so 
<-hosen shall be empowered by the Government to meet in 
Washington City or such other place as may be deemed 
advisable, and there, at Government esiiensc, pass on and 
adopt a new method of spelling so that, i»s near as possi- 
ble, every distinct sound shall have a 8ei)arale and dis- 
tinct (character to represent it. 

Tiuit the-se persons so chosen shall be paid a sufficient 
salary l)y tho (iovernmeut of the United States so that 
they will bo enabled to give their time and attention to 
this work until it be completed. 

That we do here, in convention asjiembled, petition the 
( 'ongress of tho United States and the legislatures of the 
different States to take this matter under consideration, 
believing that the objections brought against this reform 
by some prominent educators are without sufficient foun- 
dation to be of one-half the importance of the arguments 
in its favor. 

That we do hereby pledge ourselves that, should such a 
plan be adopted, we will strictly adhere to the new 
phonetic spellmg, whatever it may be, that is adopted, 
and teach it in our schools and that we will each one in- 
dividually use our utmost endeavors to have the reform 
brought about, by this or some other method. 

That, as jin immediate refonn, we would suggest the 
disuse ot all doulde consonants and of all silent letters, ex- 
ci'pt in pi-oper names. 

That wo hereby urge all teachers mid others interested 
in education to give us their aid iu bringing about a re- 
form that will save, at leitst, one year's time iu the educa- 
tion of every child. 

No "Roman" Letters for Him. 

We get the following humorous incident from a 
recent book. " Ulster as It Is; or. Twenty-eight 
Years' Experience as an Irish Editor," by Thomas 
Mackniglit, editor of the \orlliirn Wliitj. Belfast: 

Of the mass of the Protestant Ulster men who were 
not LilH-nds thirty years ago we get a picture of intoler- 
auce which will seem amazing to the Americau mind. A 
farmer is sketched: " Near Belfiuit, but iu the County of 
Down, a somewhat officious inspector found fault with a 
farmer for hikving his name on his cart in ordinary writ- 
iug letter* (script). ' My friend,' he said, ' you most know 
that these letters are very difficult to read ; you should 
have had the name painted in Roman letters' The tenan ; 
farmer took the n-buke with the usual dogged suUenness 
until tho wonl ' Roman ' was pronounced. JVs a zealous 
Protestant he then felt himself insulted, and turning 



In the .Sunday Wurlil ot July 14 a prescription, as 
written by a well-known physician, was printed. 
The prescription was sent to the Ifor/rf by a drug- 
gist, who declared his inability to " decipher the 
hieroglyphics," stating at the same time that he did 
not believe many of his pharmaceutical brethren 
could read it. 

In reply to the statement made above the World 
has received numerous letters from druggists who 
wish to go on record as translating the prescription 
without the slightest trouble. 

Tlie original prescription is here reproduced for 
comparison : 

<^^ cxoL^ 9y^ 

^-^ J fc., 

'Ml vc V ■<«- 

.<x ut 


The first knight of the mortar and pestle writes 
that it is ■' (lead easy. " rather a sugf^estive remark, 
considering the pinsonous character of the first two 
ingredients. He then translates the prescription as 
follows : 

Sulph. Strich. 

Acid arsenious aa, g \4- 

Quinine BisiUph.. z I. 

Sulph. Perri. g V. 

Digitalis, glL. ss. 

M. fid. pill No. 80. 

Sig. one. t. i. d. 

Another says that any chemist who calls himself 
a prescriptionist should be able to decipher worse 
hieroglyphics than those printed. His effort is here 
reproduced. It speaks for itself : 

Strych. sulf.. gr. \L 

Acid Ar.^enios, gr. ^. 

Quin. Bisulf., z I. 

Ferri Sulf.. gr. V. 

Estr. Taraxaci, gr. II . ss. 

A third druggist, who signs liimsef Ph.G. (judg- 
ing from his poor English and still poorer Latin, the 
college of pharmacy from which he graduated does 
not maintain a very high standard), sends the follow- 
ing translation: 

Strichnia Sulph., gr. J^. 

Acid Arsenos, gr. J 3. 

Quinina Bi Sulph., z I. 

Ferri Sulph.. gi-. I. 

Ext. Aloe. gr. II. ss. 

M. ft. pil No. XXX. 

Sig. one terindie. 

The druggists seem to have had little difficulty iu 
reading all except the fifth line of the prescription; 
this, it appears from the majority of letters, is in- 
tended for extract of aloes. Yet a number of the 
'* dispensers " translated it as extract of taraxicum 
(dandelion), and several read it as digitalis. What 
better argument in favor of plain and legible hand 
writing can be adduced V 

A person suffering from heart; disease is ordered to 
take digitaUs; he certiiinly does not wish to substi- 
tute aloes, nor does the patient who is accustomed 
to the use of aloes as a laxative wish to dose himself 
with a heart stimulant. That a dozen chemists will 
read one and the same prescription in as many differ 
ent ways is cerfainly not a pleasant thing for the 
medicine- taking public to contemplate. ^ M. d. 

The Soul ofBrevity. 

The following won the prize recently offered by a cer- 
tain publiditiou for tho be^t history of the United States 
iu one hundred words. It illustrates how greatly even 
the history of a whole country cau be condensed : 

" The rei.-i\-al of learning, commercial rivalry, and re- 
ligious zeal in Europe led to Columbus* discovery of 
America in 1492. Conflicting territorial claims, and 
parental animosity involved English. Pi-ench and Spanish 
colonists in wars, cuUninatiug in English supremacy in 
17t)3. England's oppression alienated colonial affection, 
induced revolution, hastened independence. Common 
canse and danger begat colonial union ; the weakne.-<s of 
the confederation demanded a federal republic. Party 
differences tempered legislation. Negro slavery precipi- 
tated civil strife, secession, emancipation. Federal 
authority supreme, reorganization succeeded. Religious 
freedom, an unmuzzled press, invention, internal im- 
provement and universal eduuition have conspii-ed to 
I)rosperity at home and honor abroad.''— /'rin^rr.s' Ink. 

Hen and Women. 

Man is a creature of cast iron habits;- woman adapts 
lierself to circumstances ; this is the foundation of tho 
moral difference between them. 

A man does not attempt to drive a nail unless he has a 
hammer; a woman doe^ not hestitate to utilize anything, 
from the heel of a boot to the back of a brush. 

A man considers a corkscrew absolutely necessjiry to 
oi)en a bottle, a woman attempts to extract the cork with 
a pair of scissor"; if she floes not succeed readily, she 
pushes the cork in the bottle, since the essential thing is 
to get at the fluid. 

Shaving is the only use to which a man puts a razor ; 
a woman employs it for a chiropodist's purposes. 

When a man writes everything must be in apple pin 
order; pen. paper ana ink must be .iust so, a profound 
silence must reign while he accomplishes this important 
function. A woman gets any sheet of paper, tears it 
perhaps from a book or portfolio, sharpens a pencil with 
the scissors, puts the paper on an old atlas, crosses her 
feet, balances herself on her chair, and confides her 
thoughts to paper, changing from pencil to pen and vicv 
versa from time to time, nor does she cjire if the children 
romp or the cook comes to speak to her. 

A man storms if the blotting paper is not conveniently 
near; a woman dries the iuK by blowing on it, waving 
the paper in the air, or holding it near a lamp or fire. 

A man drops the letter unhesitatingly in the bcx ; a 
woman rereads the address, assures hei-self that the en- 
velope is sealed, the stamp secure, and then throws it 
violently into the box. 

A man can cut a book only with a paper cutter ; a 
woman deftly inserts a hairpin and the book is cut. 

For aman " good-by " signifies the end of aconversation 
and the moment of his departure ; for a woman it is juRt 
when they are taking leave of each other that women 
think of t he most important topics of couversiition. 

A woman ransacks her brain trying to mend a broken 
object ; a man puts it aside and forgets that for which 
there is no remedy. Which is the superior !' 

What's Expected of Boston Professors. 

Boston has an unusual divorce case. Frank Freeboin, 
a teacher, is the phiintiff, and he charges his wife, Mar- 
garet J., with cruel and abusive treatment. Mr. Free- 
born swears that for several years his wife used to begin 
to scold him at bedtime and keep it up until li o'clock in 
the morning. She compli.->aed of him not bemgaijrofessor 
in a large university; for not wiiting books and for not 
getting himself before the world. She pulled his whiskers 
and his hair. Several times at night he retreated to liis 
study for relief. She sometimes followed him there and 
drove him back to bed. He lost much sleep from her ecold- 
ing at night, and went to his doctor. The night before he 
left her she kicked him out of bed. She also pulled his 
hair and whiskers. The next morning he ate hi.t break- 
fast and quietly went away and wrote her that he h;ui 
left her.— iVeu; Vork Commercifit Advertiser. 

Speed of the Pen. 

A rapid penman can write thirty words a minute?. To 
do this he must draw his iiuill through the space of a roil 
— sixt^oen feet and a half. In forty minutes his pen trav- 
els a furlong, and in five hours and a third, a mile, Wo 
make, on an average, sixteen curves or turns of the pen 
in writing each word. Writing thirty words in a minute 
we must make 4t>8 curves ; in an hour, 'iS.fllW ; in a day of 
only five hours, 144.000 ; and in a year of 300 days, 4^,200,- 
fXK). The man who made a million strokes with the pen 
in a month was not at all remarkable. Many men make 
four million. Here we have in the aggregate a mark ;J00 
miles long, to be traced on paper by ejich writer in a 
year. In making each letter ()f the ordinary alphal>et. 
we must make from three to seven strokes of the pen.— 

TiiR JoiTRitAi. In publlihod In two odltlon*: 

TnK Pi»MAN'» Akt JoitRKAL, 20 pafcpfi. HUbftciiptfon prico. 50 wnlfl 
s year. A cvdU n uuinlwr. 

TiiK pRXMAH'H Art Jocrxal, Newk EDinnx, 24 pnKOH. Hubscrlpllou 
prifv. %\ 11 year. 10 {vntna numlKT. 

Ifcith i-rlUlonji arc Idpnllrnl <>xr<>pt four added pnRcv of Npwb ami 
Mlttcf'llanr 111 thf NewH Edltron. All liutruction features and udvtr- 
llju-nicnU appear In Iwlh rdltlnn«. 

per nonpareil llnr, ^.AO per Inch. 

THi and Hpace. Special pstlniatt» 

No advert I Ftemeni taken for lew than %'l. 

DiHcountA fo 

lliinrlrpd* ol benoilful and uhoTuI bookH nre liHtoir in 
pir ni>n- book nnd prcminm rntnlonnr. witb roinbinntioii 
-nriMi in ronnrnlon nitb **Journnr* HubNcription*. botb 
M-%v iiiKi nni-nnli*. MinKic nnd in rltibM. \n nr sive thi> 
■ih.crlbrrbeiii'nt oflbc- ItirueHl wholi-Nitlf roduciinti on 
IH- bonk* in ronnenion n lib tbc rombtnnlion oflcr. il 
riMMiMiil) bnppinN ihiit be \n cniiblfd lo oblnln book 
iiid pnpiT nl ronnidrrnbly Iphh Ihnn Ifae book nionc 
«oiiid cnnt nf iiny denlrr. It will pny any intdilireiit 
iiTMon lo Nrnd n Iwo-riMii Hinnip for Ibin cnliiluuuf. 
luiibif' NHinrc^MtionN for prrncntfii 


nhonld be iioiIIIimI one nionlh in ndvancoof nny 
iro In RddrOHH. Olbcrn-lMC Hrrnnireiiimitii shonid bo 
> to bavf yonr JOIItNAL forwnrdrd. 

Editorial Comment. 

The Public School Contest Closes Hay isth. 

Itemcmber tbe closiui^ day of the Public Scbool 
(NmteHt in Writins is May 15. Read the particulars 
ill tbo March number of Thk Joubnai,. and send in 
your spcimens. 

We hope to be able to announce the result in the 
Jum- number of The Journal. 

The '96 Meetin^r of Business Educators. 

The 1H1)« meeting of the Business Educators' As- 
sociation of America will he held in Buffalo. N. Y., 
July 3 to 11, ISSHi. in connection with the National 
Kducational Association of America. 

The officers for the present year are: President. 
Frank (foodman, Nashville, Tenn. ; First Vice- 
Pres't. D. W. Springer, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; Sec'y 
and Treas.. J W. Warr, Molino, 111.; Pres't Execu 
live Committee. Mrs. Sara A. Spencer. Washing- 
ton. D. G. 

By addressing any of the officers, no doubt full 
particulars in regard to the meeting may be had. 

School Journals as Second-Class flatter. 

The incorporated schools of the United States are 
in danjjorof losing the privilege accorded them under 
the Manderson-Haiuor act of July. 1894. of mailing 
school literature issued as frequently as four times 
a year as second-class matter— one cent a pound. 

A bill has been introduced by Representative E. 
F. Loud, of California, chairman of the House 
Committee of Post Offices and Post Roads. 

The following is the full text of the hill : 

Br .7 rnacUyi hy the Senate ci«</ Hmist- a/ Repre^-ientativex 
of thr Inittii Stateti of Amaictt in Congress Assemblvtl . 
Thnt mnllHl»lt> mutter of the second class sbaU einJ)race all 
uow«i>ftpor8 and other periodical pulilications which are 
tssuod at stated intervals, and as frequently as four times a 
year, and aro within the conditions named iu sections three 
and lour of his act Prtnided. That nothing herein contained 
shall Iw 80 construed as to admit to the second class rate 
imblicatious purportiiXR to bo issued periodically and to sub- 
scribers, but which aro merely Iwoks, or reprints of books, 
whether they bo issued complete or in parts, whether they 
b*> bound or uuhonnd. whether they be sold by subscrii)tion 
or otherwise, or whether they purport to be premiums or 
supplement-* or parts of regular newspapers or periodicals. 

Skc. 2. That publications of the second class, except as 
provided in section twenty Ave of the act of March third 
eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, when sent by the pub- 
lisher thereof, and from the ofliceof publication, excluding 
sample copies, or when sent from a news nuency to actual 
subscribers theret«i. or to other news agents, shall be enUHcd 
to ti-an!>missiou through the mails at one cent a pound or 
fraction thereof, such postage to be prepaid as now provided 
by hiw: Pntvidvd. nrt-rrtheleA^. That news agents shall n..t 
V>e allowed to return to news agents or pubU».hers at tbe 
IHUind rale unsold periodical publications, but shall pay 
piK-^tage ou the same at the rate of one cent for four ounces. 

Ski\ :», That alt iteriodical publications {^regularly issued 

from a known'placo of publication at stated intervals as 
f reqnently as foar times a year, by or under the auspices of 
l-enevolent or fraternal societies, iraHes-uninns, or orders 
organized nnder the lodge system, and having a honn fide 
membership of not less than one thousand persons, shall be 
entitled to the privilege of second class mail matter : i*ro- 
ridrii. That such matter shall be originated and published to 
further the objects and purposes of such society or order. 

SE<-. 4. That the conditions upon which a publication shall 
be admitted to the second class are as follows: 

First. It must regularly be t^ued at stated intervals as 
frequently as four times & year, bear a date of issue, and bo 
numbered consecutively. 

Second. It must l>e issued from a known office of publica- 
tion, which shall be shown )>y the publication itself. 

Third. It mast be formed of printed paper sbeets without 
board, cloth, leath'^r or other substRUtial liinding. such as 
diHtinguisb printed books for preservation from perio<1ical 

Fourth. It must be originated and published for the dis- 
semination of information of a Dublic character, or devoted 
to literature, the sciences, arts, or some special industry, and 
must have a legitimate list of subscribers who voluntarily 
order and pay for the same : Provided, That nothing herein 
contained shall be so construed as to admit to the second- 
class rate regular publications, or any particular issue 
of any regulnr publication designed primarily for adver- 
tising jiurposes. or for free circulation, or for circulation 
at nominal rates : yind provided. That all extra numbers of 
serond-cLass publications sent by the- publishers thereof, 
acting as the aeent of an advertiser or publisher, to ad- 
dresses furnished by the latter, shall b3 subject to pay post- 
age at the rate of one cent for every four ounces or fraction 
thereof : And provided further. That it shall not be permis- 
.sible to mail any given article or articles, or any part of any 
particular number of a newspaper or periodical, segregated 
from the rest of the publication, except at third-class rate 
of postage. 

Sec. 5. That pnblisbers nnd others, whose publications 
Mhall be admitted as mail matter of the second-class under 
tbe provisions of this act, shall be required before depositing 
such mail matter in the post-office, to separate the same into 
United States mail sac-ks or bundles by States, cities, towns, 
and counties, as the Postmaster-General may direct. 

Src. 11. That the act of Congress in regard to second-class 
mail matter approved July fifteenth, eighteen hundred and 
ninety-four, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. 

Skc. 7. That this act shall take effect and be iu force from 
and after July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-six. 

There can he no question but what the second- 
class mailing privileges have been abused by pub- 
lishers of "Lihraries," books, etc., and by firms 
who have mailed millions of advertising circulars 
under the guise of periodicals. But schools are 
among the least of tbe offenders, if they are offend- 
ers at all. 

It will be noticed that Mr. Loud has very unfairly 
worded the bill to give publications of fraternal 
societies, trades unions, etc., the second class rates. 
The private schools of the United States are doing 
a grander work than all the fraternal societies com- 
bined, and are much more entitled to second-class 
rates than are societies " organized under the lodge 

Mr. Loud is evidently working to make political 
capital, and we hope that he'll make it and be elected 
—to stay at home. 

School proprietors should write to their Repre- 
sentatives and Senators, protesting against any dis- 
crimination by the Post Office Department against 


Second UoU Call foi- 'jlfi. 

Although the two edition plan of Thp: .ToritNAL was only 
inaugurated Jan. "iHl. w hnv Imd ji Im-^'- iii'r<-iisc in our 
subscription list. Hini thi> annnnn- iTiniit Inrii mail.- t-arlier 

ell, and the list following 

sultscription books. 

The best Brooklyn subscription list we have had for some 
time comes from our old friend. C. G. Raynor, of the Brook- 
lyn. N. T., Polytechnic Institute, and numbers 115. The size 
of the club gives some idea of the progressive character of 
the school and the regard in which Mr. Raynor is held by 

s of Brooklyn's leadiBg <' 

f Th f. 

\ single copy. He finally found the iiajj.-i anA his flit- i 

F. B. Moore, Indianapolis. Ind.. B. U., that fine penman and 
teacher, has sent in a ust of 51. Mr. Moore is one of our beat 
writers and. as he wants his students to get the best of every- 
thing in the penmanship line, this club is the residt of his 

W. A. Moulder. Detroit. Mich.. B. U.. also sends a clut of 
51. Mr. Moulder believes in a straight-way, plain, every-day. 
business writing, and thinks his students do better work 


when they have Thk Journal— honcc this Ust. Mr. Moulder 
is one of oiir most successful teachers. 

A Penn. Friend send^ 44. makiu< n total of 1S4. 

F. H. CYigor. Easton. Pa.. 42— total 114— « biK showing. 

W. P. Oies-seman. Capital City C. C, Des Moines. !».. semis 
a list of :S. making his total for the year M W. P. Mclnt.wh. 
a young and nrogreiwive penman of Bliss B. C. Haverhill. sends a list of 38. J. M. Vincent. Packard's B. C.. New- 
York, favors us with a list of :15. S. B. Pahne,stock. Mt-Hher- 
son. Kans. Coll.. sends .14, a total of 511 for the swuson A 
Marvland Friend favors us with a list of S£. C. A. French. 
Boston. M1US.S.. sends in 31). a total for the season of !.{<. i.)eo. 
W. Donald, ft innipeg. Man.. B. C, sends in 30. a splendid 
showing for that part of the world. L. M. Kelchner. tried 
and true old Journal friend, head of the penmanship dejiftrt- 
ment of the No. HI. Normal School, Dixon. 111., sends ai, n 
total for the sea.son of .W 

Clubs of 24 from A. D. Wilt, Miami C, C Davton, <). : An 
Ohio Friend. Clubs of 23 from J. F. Stocktcm, B, & S. B. C, 
St, Louis. Mo, CTulw of 23 from E, A, C, Becker. B<>ckers 
B. C. Worcester. Mass. Clubs of 21 from H. B. Cole. 
Shaw s B. C Augusta. Me.. Clubs of 2U from S. S. Oresa- 
loy. Stnt<- Nor St-hoel, Indiana, Pa : .T K. Hutc-his. 

San .7.."- R c o si H.M,.l..i-...,n H..lm..v H 


W;imiiiKt..ii. D,l,, li. «.. a.. I.,; ,N.. , 1,. i\ li,.ili„u,-i. K.'udnig. 
Pa,; L, H, Richard, Natl Nor. U. LcUiuou. O. itoUU3.'i) ; 
A. H, Stephenson, B, & S, B, O,. Buffalo, N, Y, (totjj KBl ; 
L, D, Teter. la, B. C, Des Moines. la. : Geo. Thomson. 
Seattle, Wiusli,. B. C, ,In.), K. B.-<k, Berk s H. C, l>a%ton, 

o„ L- n-i' n Kini'Mii T..-v.;i ii.i.- n r . ,i. t, ii rtui,s 

Merrill"" -.,.'..,".. ~'<. -: , .-.. i, . i ,"!',?,: 

N, S, ; M i\ I ■ , r , '..; , -i> 

Cap. City Ciul r.Al.. i Ul:iwu. ..hil ; r. A. Fau-t, I'lti.uKo, 
111., B. C. Itolal 111! : a. M- Lvnih, Oil Citv, I'a. B. C. : C. H, 
I'eirce. Evansville, Ind. Clulis of 10 from R, E. Mover, I'n, 
B. U., Chester, Pa, ; W, J, Osborn, Belleville, Out. ; Mi,ss 
Bottie E. McConnell, Worloy, Wash, ; J, J. HnRcn, An-liilmld 
B, C„ Minneopolis, Minn, (total 471; W A IV...« l>v..\vs 

B, C„ Elgin, 111, Clubs of 9 have been r n . .1 1 1 n, i h. i,,l 

lowing ; E, J. Malany. Erie. Pa., B, U, : .1 \ . i I '> n 

ton, fox,. Nor, Coll,; W, T, Turman. s: , . ,,l, 

Terre Haute, Ind. Clubs ofuhavo been i. ■': h.- 

following: N. H. Proutv. Athol. , i; ' i w i "lU, 

Danville, Va„ Bus, School; W, D. clNnni- - i mi I i, 

Mch, ; L,,W, Hallett, Elmira, N, Y., Schi-.i . i i ,,i„| 

211; a *. Harman, Uni, School, New ihUo 1.:, 
Sil ; .1. \V. MrCi.slin. M.-t. B. C„ Clii.u-,, 111 .l.ihil 
aWl : W I. in I; r;i.-uii's B. C, Peui-iii, 111. Clubs 
of T li.i 111 D, B. Anderson, H, P. 

Nor. ('.:, Il M !i \ II Barbour, Barbour's B. C., 

St, .b.lin .'. \- >l I I t ,\et. Bus Coll , I'itt.slmrgh, 

Pa,; 11' I 11 111' 1 ■ 1' ■Il 1 Me; .llm A MeAlleli, Me 
Allen's I: ' 1, . 1 ■ ■ ,,,,1 ii 111, ^:, , I, , I n ,,!<,■ 

Uni., Ill - 111 I.. . . .1 .' w • -I . I. ■ -I 111 ...r. I II.' .1 I I 1. II. ■. I I .. I, H -■ , I M. .1. . \'a. 

Indiana Friend ; J, J , Nagle, Freeport 

Brown, St. Catherine's, Ont,, (J of C : C'" 1 - i . i I i i- a, 
N. Y, (total 2C1I ; A, C, Starin & Co,, Fall Hn. r, Miis>.., r. (.:, ; 
C, W, Wales, Tipton, Ind,. B, C, Clubs of .'> have been re. 
ceived from L. S, Brown, Adrian, Mich, ; I. H, Carothers. 
Burlington, la, : J. C. Harris, Nor. Coll., Afton, la, ; D, Mc- 
Lachlin, Canada B, C, Chatham, Ont, (total Un ; B, S, Miller, 
Grand Island, Neb., B, C, (total 31) ; J. C, Miller, Ickosburg. 
Pa. ; W. H. Patrick, York, Pa„ B, C. ; E, F. Richards, Law- 
rence, Kans,, B, C, ; L, B, Sanders, Springfield, Mass,, C, C, 
(total 12); J, A, Willis. Auburn, N, Y., B. C, ; Will, J, 
Wheeler, Birmingham, Ala,, B, C. ; B, J, Wallace, Wallace 

B, C. Denver, Colo, F, M, Choquill, Zanesville, O, Clubs of 
4 have been received from Mjss E, A, Sullivan, Waverly, N, 

Y„ B. C, ; Albert Backus. Lincoln Nor, Uni,, Normal, Neb, : 
A, J, Cadman, Owcsso, Mich. : D. H. (Iroer, Derry. Pa (total 
15); E, A, Hall, Logansprrt It„i h i' ■ R N H/ulley, 
Tampa, Fla,. B. U. ; Auk I'l.-hii rlnl.- I'.i i..i..!'t . A. 
P. Wyand, Hagerstown, .M.; i: ■ 11 i ■ \\ | i ii /,i 

both, N. J, (total 14), Chii I I ■ » 

the following : W,E.All.-n. >i, ,11- ||.iiiii vv i ' i ■- I', 
Nelson's B, C, Memphis, T.mji] ; M. t Bij.u.u., il..i ifU lii>.t,, 
Johnstown, Pa, ; Henry Clausen, Nub, Nur, Coll., Wayne, 
Neb, ; A, H, Davenport, Dover, N, J., B, C, (total 17) ; E, H, 
Ealey, Cape Girardeau, Mo„ Nor, School (total 8) ; J, M, 
Frasher. Wheeling, W, Va,, B, C. (total 16) ; 'W, B, Hayward. 
Charlotte, N, C„ Com'l Coll, (total 14) ; J, G, Johnston, Mllli- 
gan. Tenn,; A, B, Katkamier, Farmington, N, Y, ; H, B, 
Lehman, No, Ind, Nor, School, Valparaiso, Ind, (total 42) ; 
Harry V. Lee, Bayard, Neb, ; J, M, Latham, Massoy's B, C, 
•Jacksonville, Fla. ; E, A, Potter, Elgin, 111. (total l~'i ; Hoch- 
oster,N,Y„ B, U. (total 37) ; W. L. Smitli i m m .-. im l- .s. 

C, (total 271; A. F, Stolelmrger, Ottum« i li '■ « II 
Stanley, Thomaaville, Oa, (total 22) ; Mar< ml i ' ' l "' 
Porllrio Diaz, C<iah, Mexico; F, H, Vail i: l 'I. 
Wilder, Minn, Clubs of 2 have been reo'-i'i in m ' II 
Allard, Gem City B, C, Quincy, ni. (total Urn ; W. S. Ashby, 
Mitt-bell, Ind, ; J, H, Bryant, Bryant s School of Bus,, Cleve- 
land, O, (total 421 ; J, M, Cox, Uniontown, Pa ; W, M, Engle, 
Heading, Pa, ; F, L. Haeberle, State Nor, School, Millersville, 
Pa, (total 'Jill ; A. 1 Ibarh. Reading, Pa, ; J. A, Love, Balti- 
more, Md. : A I-; ,Ma, k.v, l).-iava, N, Y„ B, C, ; H, J, Min- 
nich, Fin.lla^, olin. ,1 ,11 ' Khlund, Wahoo, Neb, (total ») ; 
A, J, Porter,' .Jnmi si,,u„, N V . B. C, (total 2(1) ; V, M. Rus- 
sell, Ricbnioiul. iTNl . H (■ itotaimii ; W, D, Smith, Concord, 
N, H, (total Kh ; ,1 (■ Shephard, Frankfort, Kans,; G, W, 
Ware, l.-xus i total 31li; Frank T, Weaver, BaylesB B, 
C„ Dubu.iu.. la il.ital ill; I. H, White, Eureka, Mich.; L, L, 
Weaver, Ajliaii'o, ( ihio; H. W, Brock, Muskegon, Mich. 

Single suhsoiiptioas have been legion. 

Does Its Work Well. 

One of our most regular visitors is the Penman'h Akt 
JoiTHNA!,. It is beyond cavil that this journal is doing its 
work well. The twenty years of its existence would vouch 
this much, and we should be ready to aver furthermore, 
from tbe manuscript reaching our sanctum, that Thk Jotrit- 
NAi. has not outlived its usefulness. In the present numl>er 
C. C. Lister begins his " Lessons in Rapid Business Writing.' 
By way of introduction, he tells us of the object to lie gamed 
in following his course. Then comes a full explanation of the 
thirteen preliminary exercises which give rapidity and let.:i- 
bility. Taken alt in all, Mr. Lister's is the Irtst and most 
practi(-al treatment of the subject we have thus far happened 
upon. Of special interest to teachers are the articles on 
■■ Blackboard Drawing " and " Blackboard Sket<;hing."— 
Notre Dame, Ind., Scholastic. 






CESS ! Such is the 
verdict of all who at- 
tended the Packard 
I baiKiuet a n d loviug 
c u p preaentation at 
^' "■ that historic feasting 

_^-:J^/ ground, Dehuonico's, on the evening 
■PA!5i^ of April 28. 

Mr. Packard had reached the three 
score and ten mark and his multitude 
of friends in and out of the coni- 
niorcial college ranks seized on the occasion as a 
lilting one to do him honor. Commercial college 
proprietors and teachers from all parts of America 
vied with Packard College students and prominent 
Niw Yorkers in ho!iori7ig America's best known 
commercial teacher. 

The loving cup which was preteuted to Mr. Pack- 
ard was made by the Whitiug Manufacturing Com 
pauy, and is unquestionably a fine example of the 
silversmith's art. The cup is fifteen inches in height, 
has three hiiudles decoratfd with ivy and the leaves 
and nuts of tlie horse chestnut or buckeye, as com 
memorative of Mr. Packard's life in Ohio. Above 
aud b.K-k of the handles on the body of the cup are 
the simIs. in kiw relief, of the three different States 
in wliich Mr Packard has passed the greater portion 
of his life— namely. Mass.ichusetts. Ohio and New 
York. Between the handles on the body of the cup 
are three ornamental panels. The first with palms. 
laurel, books, etc.. contains, in low relief, the por- 

i8>0 ^ 


trait of Mr. Packard. This part of the cup, espe- 
cially, iaa striking illustration of the exactness with 
which silver working can be carried out. The por- 
trait is an excellent likeness of Mr Packard. The 
second panel, also in relief, contains a grouj) symbol- 
izing education. The third pauel has an inscription 
as follows : 

Presented to 

cful Ret 
;c of Bu 

of hi; 

. Edu 

:inguished Se 


An Educator who Inspires in Youth High Ideals. Quickens 
Thought and Builds up Others into Noble Manhood and 
Womanhood, Benefits Humanity and Honors God. 

Ou the base ur foot of the cup are three other panels, 
(lue showiug tbe birthplace of Mr. Packard, one the 
entrance to the Packard Business College, and the other a 
scene in a amuting-room. These three panels are etched. 

The whole piece is finished in soft gray tones and is 
cert;imly a beautiful tribute by those who have combined 
m the uiovement. 

Bosiides the cup. there wsis pre!5ent«d an engrossed aud 
handsomely bound list of contributors to the cup fund. 

A morocro bound volume of over litX) autograph lettei-s 
from proniineut commercial college workers, New York- 
ers, Packard graduates, nndergrad nates, and others, was 
a uniiiue feature of the prescatatioa. Photograph albums 

coDtaiuiug ix)rtraits of huudretis of commerci:il teachers 
was another testimonial. The Ohio Society, thrt)Ugh its 
President, Gen. Henry L. Burnetts gave as it« offering 
a lai^ handsome iudia ink brush drawing of Mr. Pack- 
anPs Ohio log cabin home — a small reproduction of 
which we present in this issue. The TwiHght CJlub, 
through Sec'y C F. Wingatc, presented a beau'ifuUy 
bound volume coutaiuiug the photographs of its oldest 
members. The title page represented Fame crowning 
Mr. Packard. 

At the tjible of honor were the following: S. S. Pack- 
ard, Mrs. S S. Packard. Mr. and Mrs. S. C. T. Dtnld. 
Mayor Wm. L. Strong, Mi's. Wm. L. Strong, (4en. and 
Mrs. Henry L. Burnett, Frank L. Lawrence, President 
of the Lotos Club ; Rev. and Mrs. Wm. Lloyd, Stephen 
Henry Payne. Mrs. Jessie Lozier Payne, Geo. W. Biowu, 
R. E. Gallagher. Andrew Deyo, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Wiu- 
gate. Riilpii L. Shaiuwald, E. H. Cook, Col. Chns. E. 

The following, representing the business college frn. 
ternity, were in alteiidance : 

Mr. aud Mrs. Juo. R. Carnell, Miss Carnell. Albany. 
N. Y. : Mr. and Mrs. L. L. Williams, Mr. aud Mrs. F. E. 
Rogers. Rochester, N. Y. ; W. H. Sadler, Baltimore, Md. ; 
Mrs. R. E. Gallagher. Hamilton, Ont. : Mr. aud Mrs. H. 
C. Wright, Brooklj-u ; Mrs. Sjxra A. Spencer, Washing- 
tou. D. C ; Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Hunt*inger, Hartford, 
Conn. ; H. W. Flickinger, Philadelphia, Pa. ; C. A. Bur- 
dett, Boston. Mass.; J. P. Bynie, Philadelphia, Pa : C. P. 
Meads, Syracuse, N. Y. ; Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Hargis, 
(Jrand Island, Neb. ; T. A. Browne. E. C. Browne, Chns. 
(J. Claghom, Brooklyn ; Mr. and Mi-s. Chas. M. Miller, 
Miss Miller, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Odell, Mr. and Mrs 
Byron Hortou, W. E. McCurd, E. M. Barber, T. R. Long, 
J. M. Vincent, A. C. Lobeck, Miss Edna N. Bradley, Mre. 
Arthur Cooper, F. T. Clute, A. S. Heaney, J. E. Rea, W. 
J. Kinsley, New York. 

Art, literary aud business circles of the metropolis were 
well represented in the large assemblage. Among the 
number were Brouson Howard, the playwright, and 
Mrs. Howard, Daniel Frohman, Artist J. Wells Champ- 
ney and Mrs. Champnoy, Dr. Thomas Hunter, president 
of the Normal College, and Miss Hunter, CJen. Wager 
Swayne, Mr. and Mrs. Homer Lee, Mr. and Mrs. James 
G. Canuon, Selim H. Peabody, World's Fair Educational 
Commissioner; Mr. and Mrs. Richard F. Ware, A. Corbin, 
Jr., A. O. Kittredge, Etlitor of liusim'ss; Col. Henry 
Harney. Chas. Dutton, and about 2(10 others. 

Delmonico's celebrated banquet hall presented a gay 
scene during the progress of the dinner. The platform 
table extended entirely across the head of the room, while 
at numerous small tables were grouped a distinguishd 
company of charming women, statesmen, soldiers, finan- 
ciers, educators, business men, jurists and literary men, 
all friends of Mr. Packard, and all assembled to do him 

Mr. S. C. T. Dodd, toastmaster, paid a high compliment 
to Mr. Packard, whom, he said, fitted exactly Thackeray's 
definition of a gentleman— '^ Honest, geulle, generous, 
brave, wise ; a loyal son, a true husband, a good father ; 
one whose life was decent, who paid his bills, whose 
manners were courteous, whose tastes were high, and 
whose aims in life were lofty and noble." Mr. Dodd 
made an ideal toastmaster. The little speeches with 
which he interlarded the toasts and the felicitous man- 
ner in which he introduced the speakers kept evei'y one 
in the best of humor. 

The Ohio Society, to which Mr. Packard belongs, played 
so prominent a part in the programme that the toast- 
master could not help giving it a few humorous raps oc- 
casionally. In reference to Mr. Packard's Ohio citizen- 
ship be said: 

Beint: fit oue time a citizon of Ohio ho haa always stood 
in tho hereditary Hue of poluical promution ilaughleri. and 
was entitled to oflico l)y Divine ritiiit under jjrovious Ohio 
Federal administrations, aud ean have theproroirto of any 
office under the iucominjr Ohio Federal adininistratiori. 
(Applause.) I say he can have the pmmiso of any ofllno- 
unless there is something: the matter with Hanna. ( Lunghtur 
und applause.) We are told that when the Jews were exiled 
by the waters of Babylon thoy hunu tlnir harps on tho 
willows and wept— perhaps becrauao the ri.lli f 1,1- ^ , 1, not 
lartje enounh. (LauRhter.) The exiles (j. ■■■ <<}-.■ ■■■. r|].. 
wat«rs of the Hudson do nothing of tliiit 1. ' : 1 i> , > :<kr 
down their horns and blow, and if thurf in, . . |, r - c. 

be done the othwr fellow does it. Th. v h.i , ..1 

society here called thn ' ( itii-i s- . :■ t ■, 1 in 

finest mutual admiration ^m 1, 1 1. ! 1 , : 1 1 r m v 

Kreat jileasure to attend 1 1 innl ' . ■ : r 1 1 m 

the morning when he :t\v,ik.-, .,>, ;i,, ..,',,, ,,.,_, ,1 n,,, 

Chicajro tliri when she [.iilN on 111 r -I Il - ,1 i.| iLo;;; 

and I am in it." ( Laughter. ) 

The cup presentatiou was made in a neat speech by his 
Honor, William L. Strong, Mayor of New York, who was 
particularly happy in his remarks. 

General Henry L. Burnett, President of the Ohio 
Society, paid a gl<)wiug tribute to Mr, Packard. He 
dwelt OQ the old Ohio pioneers, the little log cabin in the 
wilderness, and drew a word picture of Mr. Packard's 
boyhood days that brought teare to the eyes of many of 
the older people as they looked back on the hapjjy times 
spent in the old homesteads, 

Mr. Chas. F. Wingate, Secretary and *' Pooh-bah '* of 
the Twilight Club, was next introduced, and made a 
humorous speech that greatly pleased the audience. 

r a^in I would not 
tions th«t come to 

. _ it. the most sacred, the moat honordd. the 

mo«t worthy of a proad ambition is that of a schoolmaster. 
(Applause. I I never desired to be anytbinti but a »cbooI- 
master, but I have always desired to be a letter one. If I do 
not know boys and KJrls 1 do not know anythintr : and it is 
this conftcioasnes)* that enables me to stand here to-niffht 
and look you in the face and thank Ood that I am Uvmic at 
?»eventy. \ Applause). May God bless you for your kindness 
to me and for the words that you have expre^Med. 

With such companionship 1 can lau^h at years : or at least 
take consolation from the poet's assurance that " We live in 
deeds, not years: in thoairhts. not breaths; in feeliuRS. not 
in fl^nres on a dial. We should count time by heart throbs. 
He most lives who thinks most, feels the no'.ilest, acta the 

Sprerh of G. W. Brotrn. 

The next speaker was O. W. Brown, Jacksonville, III., 
who responded to the toast, " Packard from the Commer- 
cial Teacher's Standpoint : " 

Wo are met to-nieht. in this great city and amid these 
deliKhtful surroundings, to do nonor to a representative 
Ameri'-an— a distinguished teacher— the leader in commer- 
cial education— our co-laborer— our fellow-citizen and our 
friend. Mr. S. S, Packard. We are here from manv States 
of the Union and from the fair dominion of the pood Queen. 
across the border. By our presence, our words, and bv these 
beautiful tokens, would we express to Mr. Packard on this, 
his anniversary day, our sincere esteem for him as an edu- 
cator, our friendship and love for him as a man. We who are 
here assembled are but a fraction of those who send him 
t^reetinR. Thousands of teachers and students throughout 


Following Mr. Wingale's 8[>eecb the guests arose, filled 
their glasses (with Apollinaris water) and drank to the 
health, long life, honor and love of the guest of the even- 
ing, Mr. S. S. Packard. 

Mr. i'aekarrl'K Itenponse. 
As Mr. Packard arose a storm of applause swept over 
the hall, continuing for some minutes. He said in part : 

iDJT t 

r land feel deep interest in this event, and to Mr, Packard 
go out their good wishes and smcere esteem. 

Having been a coworker with Mr. Packard in lines of 
commercial education for nearly thirty years : jiermitted, as 
I have been, to enjoy his personal friendship for a (jiiarter 
c(f a century ; having known him intimately as a teacher and 

of his profession ; and having been touched in many ways 
by the magnetic influence of this man's mind and character. 
I count it no small privilege and honor to come here on this 
occasion and express to him my own gratitude, and. as I am 
> I do. the gratitude of the whole fraternity of the com- 

from the bottom of 

heart not only for the 
ds you 
• loving 

i that ado 
w departu 
ntury aeo that it 

I able to attract to itself, and to 

hold, the unwavering support of a man like Mr. Packard. 


cup. ; That is a beautiful name, and it comes upou me with 
a striking forco. The words never had so much meaning as 
they have to mo In connection with the words ■ loving cup." 
anrt I don t forget either the experience of mv youth, espe- 
cially one of them when I studied Ktrkham's grammar, as 
vou did. Mr. Mayor, with nobody in the class but mvself and 
anotlier girl. \ou have undertaken to conjuRate the 
Sr r.?!h 1 V^^ '^'Ih *" ',*'5 class-perhaps a ]«rticu!ar 
girl. But still, the word love did not have the same meaning 
lo me tnen as it has to night in connection with this gift It 
'""""" " "b ft crushing force. It stops the flow of 

Bryant. Stratton. Spencer. Eastman, and many others'— hut 
I am sure it can be said, in perfect fairness to all. that uo 
other name stands so fully to represent and interpret* 
own peculiar work in eHuont-irin oc t\\at «# »k„ ,^^^ f l 

work in education as that of the 

et to-night. We feel that in honoring him " 

for flfty years has stood as our best representative and 

strongest udvocat«. we honor ourselv 

™ ,,. ii^»- ni<u a t.rusuiUK lorce. 11 8t<l 

f A ?^»*f^ "»y heart stand still, and 1 

•th growing old for. Do 

f\. .,ui B.,,, juBi (I y iiKe n girt, 
riends is worth liviuu for. and i 
^»™?l"**V*'*. "*''' ff'^'ncs- that a man "cannot" b^Vappy It 
^VnTV/ ^* *"« forever U.spel that thought fromyour 
minds tf you have u. by saying, as I do most earnestly and 
honestly from the bottom oi mv heart, that this is itie hap 
luesr moment of my lile, 
fominK down throuKh the years to this blessed 

1^. I """" ""ouKu lue years to mis blessed moment 
;,-i;^k i know my friencs, how my path has been >trewn 
A^Jjtr^'Stt^T """ "?r' ""V l^" sacdened and elad- 
™^LiV"j'*t"',? lime-gladdened with the pleasant smiles, 
«-ordial handshakes, and foryent "■ Ood ble^is you's " and 
saddened with the Ihooght that I have not deserved it all 

It was my great priyilege to be closely associated with .Mr 
Packard during the years 1(®2 and 18WJ. the occasion being 
the organizing and coiistrncting. at the Chicago Worldl 
tail-, ot a general exhibit of the American Commercial and 
Business Schools. The enterprise proved grandly successful 
so much so tnat our exhibit attracted more visitors and 
more attention, probably, than any other in the whole Edn- 
catlonal Department. Referring to it the chief of Education 
and Liberal Arts. Dr. Peabodv. whom I am glad to see here 
ISi'iS'"- *°''^ ■ i" 'Vl'. "?■"■< °' i^limax. a sort of a cap sheaf of 
the educational exhibits. 

To organize and carry through that enterprise required 
the co-operation of many hands and the expenditure ot a 
.Kif.'—'.'^ ." '•equired. also, no smaU degree of toct and 
abiUly to interest those whose co operation was necessary. 


While all who were connected with it did their parts noblv. 
yet I feel perfectly safe in «ying that without th^ able and 
enthusiastic leadership of Mr. Packard that noble enterprise 

could not. and n 

be«m carrieil out. 
teachers of this country honor Mr. Pack- 
but scarcely 

ard for what he i 
less do thev hone 

aims and ambitio ,_ 

of his chosen calling. Had he been willing to turn aside from 
his set purpose to Ik* a teacher and pursue money getting a 

1. and has done for their 

r him for the tbings he has r 

i been kept steadily within the lines 


have placed him among the wealthy men of thit ^ 

Had he listened to the allurements of the political arena, his 
recognized abilities as a leader would certainly have distin- 
guished him in legislative halls. He has the art of seeing 
things, and of expressing them in a style wondrously clear 
and attractive. Had he turned to journalism, which has 
always had great attractions for him. his success would cer- 
tainly have been assured. But he did none of these. His 
purpose was to be a teacher of the young, and that he has 

lid to the speaker, " The only office 

r pursued. He c 

I ever want is theofflco of schoola 

important office in the world." And so, 

he uas escaped, for the millions he has not accumulatfri, for 
the political " influen(-o *' he has nnt commanded and for the 
tfiijoi/— in a word, for the sacrl- 

1 ther 

3 and 


not forget to oav what all 
teachers well know. Mr. Packard has never withheld h 
self from his fellow educators. No teacher among us has 
mingled more freelv with his fellows, none more constant in 
his attendance upon the public gatherings of his profession. 


It IS now flfty years since Mr. Packard took upon himself 
the work of the commercial teai-her and the promotion of 
business education in this country. He was not the pioneer 
in this branch of education, but wa<" closply associated with 
those who made the flrst attempts in this diret^tinn Hinco 
that day wonderful improvemenrM 
departments and methods of ti 

the well equipped, well 

commercial schools of out 

If the colleges and schoola of seventy years ago had fur- 
nished the training that the young needed for the ordinary, 
practical pursuits, it is nut likely that the commercial school, 
as we have it, would ever have appeared. Modern business 
1 education that exieting schools did not 
«y. It 

,ve been made in all 
]g. Those early efforts in 
hardly be recognized in 
nducted and largely attended 

grown through all these ., _, 
the service it has performed, 
(frow in numbers and in infli 
positive work for it to do. 

lived and 
simplvand only because of 

al tradition, not 


fcy «nv edict or State or Church, bnt by the divine riBht of 
service well performed. That ia title enough. Neither we 
nor anv other claaa of teachers can hold that place by a bet- 
ter title. 
W« are all delighted to see that Mr. Packards three score- 

2earB.and.ten, with their half century of faithful service in 
U choMn field, reit but IlKhlly on him The years h^ve 
dealt kindly with him. It 15 believed by those who ought to 
know that bis very best work has been that of the most 
recent yoars. Judved by the work he is now doing, and by 
the service he in renderlnK to our cause, he is yet a yoting 
man. Mr. Packard is the sort of man whose enlistment is for 
life, or daring the war. He is now in the very midst of his 
great work as an edncat'jr. In the very fullness of his mental 
activity and usefulness. I am but one of hundreds who not 
only hope for it. but confidently expect that the years yet to 
come will be the most fraltfnl ones In this long and useful 

To him whose mind and heart are ever open to the unfold- 
Ings of progress and truth, old age comes not. Taking no 
note of the flight of years, his brain and hand enriched by 
the experiences of time and continually refreshed at the 
fountain of perpetual youth, he works on for the general 
good. Kucha nun is Mr. Packard. To him. therefore, and 
tf) Mrs. Packard, his most estimable wife, loyal and beloved 
partner, 1 present this greeting. 

Mrs. Jessie Lozier Payne was introduced as **The 
chArminf? daughter of a celebrate<i mother'" to respond 
t« the toast " A Pockard Oirl." Mrs. Pajiie told of her 
experiences in Packard College and brought out many 
humorous points about the average woman's lack of 
knowledge of busineas affairs. 

Mr. Ralph HhainwalJ responded to the toast " A 
Packard Boy." Mr Shainwald graduated from Packard 
College in IRIi) and had on exhibition a thirty-year-old 
letter from Mr. Packard containing many noble senti- 
ments for the .young student to take out with him in the 
business world. 

The next speaker was Col. Charles E. Sprague, President 
of the Union Dime Savings Bank and member of the 
Institute of AccountJi, of which Mr. Packard is President. 
Ool. Sprague jmid a high tribute to Mr. Packard as friend, 
neighbor, educator. Iminesss man, with whom he said 
" to hang on the ndjuceut strap in the elevated car as we 
come down in the morning is in itself a liberal education." 

B. E. Gallagher, Hamilton, Ont., Ex-Prest. of the 
Business Educators' Asaociatiou of America, brought a 
greeting from Canada. He said the business educators of 
Canada looked up to and admired Mr. Packard fully as 
much as did the people of the United States. 

President Frank R. Lawrence of the Lotos Club, of 
which organiziition Mr. Packard is a member, in a clear- 
cat little speech gave testimony ou behalf of Mr, Pack- 
ard's club associates, of the great respect and esteem in 
which he is held. 

Andrew Deyo, an old Packard graduate, provoked 
laughter by various humorous reminiscences, and E, H. 
Cook, Ex-Prest. of National Education Association of 
Amt>ria^ told in what high regard Mr. Packard is held 
by the general teachers of America. 

This brought the speech making to a close, and the 
company gathered anmnd their distinguished guest and 
his charming wife to shake hands and tender personal 

Over tliH Coffre. 

— Nearly all of the New York papers printed cuts of Mr. 
I Bckard and the cup. Each paper gave the banquet about a 
column of space. 

- Messrs. Miller. Brown and Carnell are to be congratu- 
lated upon the entire afl'air from the conception to the '^Auld 
L.ang hyno of orchestra. 

-- To Cbnirman Miller of the Testimonial Committee 
!V,i''L',.'i''S I'lV" ' f"'',"^' excellent local arrangements and 
tl e splendid generalship displayed in handling his forces. 
,,?rL,T"i ' ";■'■."' '''^■'■"''"ti"'!"- dflit-littul music, excellent 
ft'^T mm"' '"T,'"""'.1;' ''••• ^""tobe mainly cred- 
its In M, \;: ,, „, , , \v , , <.,.y„( the Twilight 

„,,,';' 11 the arrangement 

of :iV'i'iM,i ii, ,iir '1 II ii veteran manager 

.trin' ,■*'"'"''»' fvuuiug April a;, the out of town guests 
ottendod a reception byilrs. Packard at her beautiful home, 
K,?'.!,' ir' '^d,*'F , Ridings by Miss Ida Benfey and music 
VrJ iJi^i?,"! '*'''^<''y »■«''''' features of a delightful evening, 
Mrs, Packord made a charming hostess. 

.n^Crf^kPrS"'? "'='■'"'.'''"' reference to Mrs. Packard, in his 
speech at he iMnquet evoked a storm of applause that was 
friemts'hers'' ° Packard has made Mr. Packard's 

tvTJ!!tr!lt"" '^p''\?''^S beautiful thing. A speaking hello- 
:5S n'd'trS "/ "! •^'"••'""■' """ ■■>*»-l««" in Rold 

a-) aTf/ lA-aouiO 

adorned the hrst page. 

A Thoughtful Corporation. 
" I presume you have at least a fully finished 
school education ' asked the suiwrintendent. 

" What's that got to do with settin' brakes on a freight 
train ; " the applicant wanted to know. 

■ Why, you will want something to fall back on in the way 
of making a living after yon lose a leg or two. We ve got 
enough crippled smtch tenders and crossing watchmen to 
lost us for the next thirty years."— /iirfiii.i,ipu/is Juumnl. 

It is no man's business whether be has genius or not ; 
work he must, whatever he is, but quietly and steadily ; 
and the natural and unforced results of such work w-ill 
be always the thing liod meant him to do, and will be his 
best.— fli.sA-iii. 

It is a high, solemn, almost awfuL thought for every 
individual man that his earthly influence, which has had 
a commencement, will never, through all ages, were he 
the very meanest of us, have an end.— t'<i;7i/(c. 

The Business College Swindler Did Not 
Play His Game. 
Mr. W. J. KixsLET, Pexmax's Art Ooirxal, Xew 
Tork. N. V. 

Dear Sir : The letter from Principal C. C. Gaines in 
the April issue of The Journal brought to my mind the 
fact that one of the same swindlers tried to play the same 
game on this college, but our Mr. Scott was too clever 
to be duped. He gave the name of William H. Smith, 
and hailed from Pittsburgh. He alleged that he had one 
year [to spend in some good business college, and after a 
careful examintaion of our several department*, enrolled 
for the Commercial course. 

We referred him to a good boarding place, which 
pleased him very much. He afterwards came to make 
the final arrangements, wishing to buy a one hundred 
dollar scholarship. He said that his father had given 
him a *500 draft on a Pittsburgh bank, which he must 
make cover all his expenses for the year, and suggested 
that by paying his board bill in advance for a year he 
niight get a lower rate. 

He tendered the draft in payment of tuition, but when 
Mr. Scott informed him that he could not pay him any 
money on the draft, but would deposit it for collection, 
the young man said that in the neighboring city of Paw- 
tucket he had some friends, through whose introduction 
he might get the draft cashed at a bank. The " student " 
has not shown up since. 

We are surjirised that any business college should be 
caught by such flim-flam games. 

Yours truly, 

T. B. Stowell, 
Principal Providence, R. I, Bryant & Stratton Bus. Coll. 

April lii, 181)6. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

The Di.xon College Compendium of Business Writing, 
by L. M. Kelchner, Dean of The Northern Illinois Col- 
lege of Pen Art and Drawing, Published by The North- 
ern Illinois Normal School, Dixon, 111. Twelve photo- 
engi-aved plates, (J x 8 inches, loose sheets, accompanied 
by two pages of instruction. In portfolio. 
Mr. Kelchner's skill with the pen and his ability as a 
teacher is so well known that anything he does cannot 
fail to be of most excellent quality and to interest the 
profession. The work of these 12 plates iscarefldly graded, 
and starts with sliding and gliding tracmg exercises, 
followed by other movement exercises, then takes up the 
small letters in systematic order, then short words, capi- 
tals, capital letter exercises, signatures, body writing, 
and closes with full page letter. Mr. Kelchner's business 
writing is legibility itself, is free, graceful and without 
shade. It is just such a hand as all business colleges 
would like to give their students, and the hand ad- 
mired by business men. The Dixon College Compendium 
of Business writing contains about as much photo- 
engraved, straight-out, high-grade business writing as we 
have ever seen in like space. 


1*vntnen'8 I^'xchtfUf/e liepartment. 

All that is necessary to join tbe Penmen's Exchange De- 
partment is to send in name and address, which will he 
printed in The JouKNAL without charge. The only obliga- 
tion assumed in joining is to exchange specimens of your 
best work with other members of the department. All pen- 
men, whether amateurs or professionals, should have scrap- 
books of work of other penmen both for their own use in 
furnishing a variety of copies and inspiration, as well as a 
treasured curiosity to keep. These specimens become more 
valuable as they get older, and in a few years the collector 
who starts with a small number of soecimens in his scrap- 
book will be surpiised to find how large and valuable his col- 
lection has become. 

The following names have been added to the department : 

C. G. Kagey. Hope Nor. School, Hope, Ind. 

sional and amateur penmen. There is no charge for having 
your name and address put in this column, and there is no 
other responsibility attached to it than to exchange speci- 
mens of your skill with others whose names appear in this 
column from time to time. In sending in vour name, state 
whether you desire to be classed as an amateur or profes- 

ivhich should be placed the best specimens to be had. Put 
>n name and date, arrange them carefully, separating husi- 
ntal writing, having a depar' 

how much interest and benetit i 

— We have received photograph of a handsome piece of 
engrossing executed by G. \V. Harman for the N»^w Orleans 
Cuiton Exchange. There is a variety of script work, letter- 
ing and drawing, and the whole forms a unique design. 

Des Moines. la ; S. M. McVeigh. Hartford Bus. Coll., Hart- 
ford. Conn ; D. S. Hill, DruaRhons Bus. Coll.. Nashville. 
Tenn.; J. H. Ennis. Newport. Oreg.: H. D. Wells, Memphis, 

— Some cards sent us by F. B. Moore, Bus. Uni.. Indian- 
apolis, Ind-. have dash, grace and accuracy. Mr. Moore is- 
one of our best writers, and his work is constantly improv- 

— G. D. Harden. Shaw's Bus. Coll., Portland. Me., submits 
a package of dashily written cards. 

— W. E. Hartsock, St. Louis. Mc, writes a Iwautiful hand. 
as we have occasion to know from examination of a package 
of cards received from him. 

of his students. Some have been in the school for a month, 
while others have been taking lessons for five months ; hence 
there are various degrees of skill, but all follow the i 
■arse pen and rapid busiii "■' '* 

__ __ie work done in this ii 

to congratulate themselves. 

— From C. A. Faust. Chicago Bus. Coll., we have received 
a large packaee of specimens of writing of students of that 
institution. If we may judge by the specimens. Bro. Faust 
has these young people on the right track chirographically. 
The specimens are all rapidly written, and show that Mr. 
Faust has thoroughly impressed his students with tbe idea 
of what business writing should be. There are so many good 
writers that we do not dare to name one without naming all. 
and that would occupy too much space. Mr. Faust knows 
how to teach writing, and on these specimens we will give 
him a diploma. 

— We have received a neatly bound bonklrl^ "^ . -ciinipl''^ "f 

writing of the students of F. B, Moore of I-ii ' - i"l . 

Bus. Uni. These students haro been und'M i' ' > ' 

Mr. Moore for from twu to five mouths, i n^ 

are written with a straight holder and u iM;ii h :> .nil ;iil 
are business writing from the start. Every indiviiliml letter 
is plain, the strokes are strong, free and show speed in every 
■ine. Mr. " "" 

his track. 

- L. C. McCann. Evansville. Ind., Com'l Coll., submits i 

rublic School Work. 

— P. L. Haeberle, penman State Nor. School. Millersville. 
Pa., sends a package of work from the pupils in the model 
school under his charge. The specimens embrace movement 
exercises, sentence writing, etc. The ages vary from eleven 
to fourteen years. It would surprise the average public 
school croak 6r,who;th inks pupils of this agetcannot be taught 
business writing, to examine these specimens. 

— That enterprising supervisor, J. H. Bachtenklrcher, 
Lafayette. Ind.. favors us with several packages embracing 
hundreds of specimens of writing of the pupils of Lafayette 
Public Schools, from the second grade up. All the speci- 
mens are written with pen and ink and are decidedly neat. 
It is surprisintr to see how all the seven year old youngsters 
handle movement exercises. The upper grade write a busi- 
ness hand that is good enough for anv one. The good work 
that has been done by Mr. Bachtenklrcher for several years 
past 18 showing now as never before. 



and especially gratified to notice the large number of schools 
that have sent clubs this year that have never sent them 
bfeore. Never before have so many individual subscriptions 
been received. Many of the individual subscriptions have 
come through a good word dropped by school proprietors, 
penmen and public school teachers, who have influenced 

} friend to subscribe 

The plan of two editions of The 
success — m fact, it has made a great nit. ur cc 
teacher or reader who desires to keep up with the 

the commercial schools and writing and drawing ._ , 

schools will continue to read the News Edition ; but to the 
students and others who are not interested in the news of the 
profession at large the Regular Edition offers practically 

iL has proven a 

1 public 

features and at • 

During the balance of "IHi several special editions of The 
JoL'BNAL will be issued in order to reach the public school 
and other fields where we think missionary work for the 
cause of writing, drawing and practical education should be 
done. We have two objects in view : one to help the cause, 
the other to increase our subscription list. Oftentimes a 
single sample copy Vjrings us several subscribers it 
brings the matter of better writing honje to the person In 
whose hands it has fallen in such a way that be subscribes, 
and recommends The Joi'Unal to his friends. We would 
suggest to our friends that they can help The Journai. and 
help the cause, and at the same time help themselves, by 

Although The Jour.v 

lud card writing. All are g(X)d. 
— J. L. WiUiaras. Pen Artist, San Francisco. Cal., sendii 

1 the past has been fjuite strong' 

sand speciul teachers, dealing with 



pfirticulnr brnndipn and (irados of the work in u specific 
wnv. ThiH we think will ftpppal pmcticnliy to all who have 
to do with tb«» teachiniE €>f writlnif and drawing in the pub- 
lic schools. Wo hope our jmiIiIut scIhioI friends wdl sproud 
the (food news. 

Wo aro unable to furniith back nnmbers of the News Edi- 
tion for W at club rates. Our stork of the first four months 
B obliged to husband it for the reR- 

1 that 

_ _j low that \ 
nlsrfuU price subscriptions, and this reminds u 
must warn oar friends to keep their flies of The JoruN 
complete and not trust to us to supply back numbers. Very 
few bacli numbers are kept, and if you wait a few months bc- 
foTO soudliifc for a particular numl)er it may be too late. D. 
•ccntlv otfored $1 for a single copy 
'U^ WHS )i.- t'. complete his file. Bv 
' li month and carefully 

L. Hunt. Stockt 
of TnK.TnriiNAi 
seointi that you u--- 
biuding them these I 


iril binder made of press- 

• I itNAL. Papers can be. 

■'"' »'. month and it will 

n send it jwst-paid 

«..!.. .U..11. i„-ii work has been rs- 
. 4.1 Kttst Kanddlph street. Chicago, 
work that Mr. advertises as a 

thing in thn automatic line as we 
tb*> scrap book of 

Wo have a noi 

board, specially 

An cx(|ulsito pie'-e 
coived from C. A. Fau 
111. This iH the kind o 

know it will rhai , 
f ul blending of eol. 
you do not g ' 

Langdon S. Tbompson. V^ Park street. Jersey Citv. N. J.. 
hfrt'c^V^tTi'T'^ Surics or Drawing Bo6ks. published 
b> U. C. Heath & Co.. and a Joihnai. contributor for two 
vwrs itast. nas a national reputation as a teacher of drawing. 
Me IS in constant d.-niumi as a lecturer for teachers' insti- 
lUMs. ,111 Mil s, 11,1,1 til.' iriuberK who have not had an op- 

t.r, .. , V V ' "■'"'"'■» « Slimmer art school for 

Thn. .', ~ ' I '*' '-r'^ '['"" ■'"'>■ '■' *° August ;. Mr. 

aliei tioli III. 1 T •' {'"^•.•^'•\»>'AL have attracted great 

while under his wrsonal instruction. A cii 
particulars will be mailed by addressing hit 

Hendlng out some excel- 
». He should 1>e able to 

liid up quite a busiu 

Judging from the largt- uumlK-r of requests we have re- 
ceived reading almut as follows; "Please change the ad- 
dress of "ly J»»t'BNAl. to Zaneriau Art College, t'olumbus 
t»hio. we think that this well-known school of penmanship 

Midartis rei-eiving its anQua) influx i>i su 
the season when special opportunities 

8iriu«toi>erfect th 
• 'eaohmg these ^.„..v 
e than value received 

\t ♦ K* .V •'"•"•■"•'vi's m wntinif. drawing and methods 
of teaohmg these branches. The Zaneriaa always gives 


V "-....^..enallde- 

ini;. drawing and methods 

I st«el and copper 

Frank McLo««> A Bros., the well kuo\ 
?^ Ffm"lfil7'■'*^?'''"^^*'°*^'^*'** '»'^"- ^'ew Yo7k'cMt"yVffire*l. 
.i;,.»!? ! L^^ • **'*''"^ ttiey continue to engrave signatures. 

iXetTer 'jo^nTt^iletiJr'^'"^' *" "^'^^^^'^'^ ^"^^ "' '^'^'^^ 

being a pamphlet entitled " Our Friends Speak." containing 

of this work from dav to day. The Aut< 

Co.. Milan. Ohio, who have an advertisement in anomer \\ 

of The JornN ai„ are the manufacturers and J. W. Stoake 

the inventor and patentee of this pen. By \ 

j)any yon can get descriptii 

peofl " 


The Phonographic Institute Co., Cincinnati. Ohio, pnblish- 
ers of the Bonn Pitman System of Shorthand, are energetic 
people and bright advertisers. Dennis F. Murphy, the offi- 
cial reporter of the United States Senate, and Geo. C. Hol- 
land, official reporter of the Canadian Senate, botti indorse 
this system. Certitlrated teachers of this system are fur- 
nished to schools by the publib)iers. 

Shorthand that < 

learned, that is no L- .„^.., ^^, . ^. — ,-- 

duced by the wonderful machine for writing shorthand, the 
Stenograph, manufattured by the Stenograph Co.. St. 
Louis. Mo., who rent machines on trial. 

._ , . I polish busineas. 

^cv,.u ^— ....a Crucible Co.. Jersey City. N. J., have pla 
on the market Dixon's No. (Mil Cycle Chain Graphite, a ci 
pound for preventing rust and wear of chain and for ins 

David Wolfe Brown, the well known expert reporter of 
the United States House of Representatives. Washington. 
D. C, will open a high grade school of shorthand and type- 
writing in New York City on June 10 or as soon thereafter 
as the adjournment of Congress will permit. There will be 
departments for beginners in shorthand, for teachers and 
those looking for more advanced work in reporting, depart- 
ment of EnKlish and a special typewriting departmeint. Mr. 
Brown's ability as an expert reporter will undoubtedly in- 
duce a large number of teachers to come to him from a dis- 
tance for ■• kinks " and pointers in writing, teaching and re- 
porting. A course in this school will increase the students 
r-making capacity so that it_will e^n big interest f~ 

Th* Ellis Publishing Co.. Battle Creek. Mich., have recently 
ssm-a some bright advertiMng. The strongest document 

Some Pointers About Border Designs. 


In the accompanying cut is shown what might he 
termed a rococo border. This ornament is a mean- 
ingless, though often a very rich assemblage of fan- 
tastic scrolls, which is used very extnsively in deco- 
rative art, It will bear an infinite number of modi- 
fications and can be brought into use in many 
places by the pen artist. In this copy I have en- 
deavored to get away from the type-effect by mak- 
in(^ a longh. unbroken line instead of a smootli and 
accurate one. The rococo ornament will be found 
very valuablefor border work, as it requires no spac- 
iDg, thus saving much time and labor The scrolls. 
beins^ irregular in form and length, can be easily 
adapted to occupy any desired space. 

By request of many readers of The Journal, I 
herewith give an explanation of the tracing process 
mentioned in my lesson for March. 

Take a piece of tracing jiaper {a good quality of 
tissue paper will do), and place it on the drawing to 
be copied. With a good pencil or pen trace all the 
lines of the original drawing which you can see 
through the transparent tracing paper. After you 
have done this turn the tracing paper over and 
black the portion occupied by the drawing with a 
soft lead pencil. Now place your tracing, black 
side down on yoar drawing paper where you wish 
to make your drawing, and with a hard pencil point 
trace over all the lines which yoii have pteviously 

Next remove the tracing paper and you will find 
that you have printed in pencilings a perfect copy 
of your original drawing. Now finish the picture 
in ink and erase all traces of the pencil with a 

Fraternal Notes. 

— In a late issue of the Shenandoah. Iowa. Si-nfinel. a 
notice in regard to the work sent by Miss Man.- Stimson. 
Supervisor of Writing in the Public Schook.'wbich ap^ 
peured in the April JorRXAL, was published. It is an 
excellent plan to have mention made of the work m the 
local iMipers. It interests people who would never give 
the matter thought otherwise. Miss Stimson writes that 
there is great interest in the work iu the Shenandoah 
schools at present. 

— Plymouth, Conn., has introduced vertical writing. 

— The Merrill system of vertical writing has been 
adopted in the Kalaicazoo, Mich., schools. ■ «:ii =j 


— W. L. Smith. Olive Branch. X. C. the itinerant pen- 
man, is doing a grunil work iu both Carolinas. He travels 
from town to tomi and meets with success everywhere. 
In this wav the gospel of good writing is carried to remote 
parts of the country that cannot otherwise be reached 
with personal teaching. 

" Money, riarbles, or Chalk " Wouldn't 
Buy His File of The Journal. 

Salt Lake City, Utah. Februury in. I^0^1. 

Friend Ames.— I will have to object to the way you have 
of expressing the contents of a letter received from Utah 
per the February JouaNAL. 

Not only the name of the school, but the name of the head 
should have been given, and not give some people the chance 
to think the teachers of business iu Utah are such ignorant 

I have taken the Penman's Art Jouunai. tor nearly twenty 
years, and would as soon think of going without my supper. 

The Capital City Biisiness College could not get along, in- 
my opinion, withotit The Journal. 

We take all of the educational journals that we can afford, 
and wish we were rich so that we could take all ot them. 

In the past twenty years what I have gleaned from Thk 
JouHNAL each month has been worth more than the cost 
for the twenty years. 

I have all but one copy ot The Journal, and would not 
sell them for '■ Money. Marbles, or Chalk." 

Very truly. O. W. Dix, Prin. 

Capital Citv Business College, 

(U-IS) East Second South. Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Le Clanche 
Ruling Pen, 

USE. PRICE. $1.00. 

I both 
ftnd always 

It (lopH both 

nn ftnd alwayi 

luk aloiu> 

. V Hack Ik You Want It," 
lliia the ueu nil we claim, 
erf. Mention THE Pi£KHAJi*a 

Le Clanche Ruling Pen Co., 


• %%%%%%%^^» 

The " Lawyer and Credit Man 
and Financial-Tradc-Press Re- 
view " covers the field of credits, 
commercial law. banking and 
general business. Every busi- 
ness college should see that 
its students read it. Send lo 
cents for sample copy. 

Times Bldg., N. V. City. 

Writing Paper. 

See Here I 

rtl«ts'" or DlumoiiU 
)88 Inic 'I [f you have 
t you have ibIbbcU. I 


65 North Clark Street. CMICAaO. ILL. 



rnrrc?pondcn<e solicited from Scbocj 
needing anything in this line. 

All kinds of Pen Work c.\ecut«l to o 
der. Lessons by mail. Send for circular. 


• St.. St. Louis, Mo 






UliIUb'^1 IK.'>0. Biu1n«?M. sborthAH'). PfmnaoAbtp, 


nirliTof :wy™r.ex|«.rl«nc«I.-Hr-he> shorthaml. 
Han<)<ujnif«l pifhool giurtfni In Inillnna. El.'va. 
lor. Pliftrlc llKht. ({a. anil 8le«m hfal. Write for 


»i.(.ll«. rnd. Endonie.- " 
I'ul.lli lii.lriiill.iii. I 

Nlthvlll«,Tann. In^nr-vl V,t nnnV^r. M.rrt.aT.'. 

iB„.,kkr,.n|„s, r,.,Mna„.h,,., Kl,„r I. T> ,,. „r,l,M„. 

TaleKmphy, etc.; I2 teachers. I u I: ,...|.ii.« 

Willi na equal. ]2 elaewhere. >'• 1 f N" 

wiilenng our BCliooI. Wilte ii-. M. mnii (l.i. i.njier.J 



'llv.M" . !■< tile ol(lc«t. luTKest. heat buHlnea. col- In 111.- W.Ht. ThopouKli Instruction Klvcn In 
li....k.'.-iilnir. '*lM)rlliaiiil. typewriting. telPKraphy, 
.■te. (Vitali.KUe free Krttubllslicil IHBS. J. F. 
si'.ll.IilMi. .\.Jl..l"re»t. 



LEOK. 8rlUK)l_ af Shortliand anil Telegraiih.v, 

LeadlnK college Soutb. Vo 


* supply. Catalogue 




BUSINESS COLLEGE. Louitville K).. 



NE3SCOLLEOE. Open tllrougllout the year. Stu- 
(lenu may enter at any time. CalaU»gue free. 

Meat IDirotnia. 




. r. ^-iiT .._„.|jpm i^^^jj establlshwl. Thor- 



Jo«-i. Cal. nne of iht l>est esiabll-b»'il and most 
fiuo^-eii^ful e<lucatloDal Inttttuiluns of tbe PactQc 
81<.i)«. Sp*^-ial Penmanfihli' Deuarinient tn charge 
of C. E. WEBBER, H. B. WORCESTER. Pre*. 
cLso<^. For 30 years tbo largesi iirlvate scbool west 
ofCblcago. 12.oo<J rornier pupils now prwperou* 





A.aili-mv. ShorthaDil, Typewriting and Telegraph 
Instliiite. Send Tor catalogu*;. San Anionlo. 


CATALOGUES of The CaplUl CItv Commercial 

CillfKe anil the Capital City School of Shorthand 
will W sent free to IntcndhiK ^tudenttt. Address 
MEH.\y ft McCAULEY. De« Moines. Iowa. These 
Instttutton!! are Qrat-class bunluess tralolog schools. 



e It because It Is HONEST. 

Principal. Cc 


College. Stratford. 

rletors. W. J. ELL- 

lal feachers supplied to 

tario. 2Hth year. W.B.ROBINSON, ' '" 

attended business college in America. 

, principals for 19 years. Most widely 
"Iness college In America. Address 
JOHNSON. Belleville, Ontario, Can. 


__ . t because the ' 
home, $10— guaranteed. 

^^■^ltten- Learn 

"Wortb Carolina. 

CHARLOTTE COM. COLL.. Charlotte, N. 

three doz. 

fSv . 


Excelsior obllque_ holder. 

A04 peuB. >4 

g cards, l.Sc.; 

free with $!.00 order. 


ITKACH book-keep., actual bu*.. pen., arlth. 
rapid calculation. corrfsDonilencc. ooni'l law. 

elocutfon, political ' 

fn a ^ 

and nomial training a 
I post gratluate 

. Familiar with Ellis' 

experience, one year full charve < 
hebht 3ft.9ln.: weight I45ll.> 
to Beacom. Rearlck, Eeichner, l 
others. Want fair salary with 
outlook l8 good. Reaily Sept. 
solutely necessary ■■■■■• 

MV spcclaltfe« 
letter writ., raolt 
Have public scno 
school and eight n 



Addre8a"N. O. : 



-*vrltlng. compli 

%Si ; Bus. caps. 

^Oc. : Combinations, l2c. 

P. M. SIS50N, Penman, Newport. R. I. Your 

name on 1 dozen cards, fancy and business cap- 
itals, business letter and a beautiful souvenir, nil 
' for lU 2 cent stamps. 

caps. I2c.: Dor. cards. 20o. 

1 Flourlshlm 


15c.; ribbon book ; 

thousands. LEARN TO 

your name, written In run, 

ill send you one dozen or n 

, with Instructions ; or send r 

stamp, ami I will send you, addressed I 

NAME. Send 

ways of writing 

2-eenl stamp, an 

own band, price-list deacrlptl' 

extended movenie 

cards, flourishing, 

Ing exercises, capitals 

IKUIUK. Ot.-. r' »-—«■• ""otcl ..n«1. 

need apply. 
. D. TAYLOR will send you his 

Course of Twenty Lessons In Writing f 



band. Typewriting. Penmanship, telegraph. 

and English BrE 

No Vacation. Day and 


UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, New Orleans. La. The 

leuilliiit school In the South for Penmanship. Its 
English and Com'l Courses are not excelled. Two 
of elaborate resolutlona. size 18 x 24. Beat 

°',!'"' a 

ootlege, that before attending 
nil examination abould be made or the above col- 
IS^fi- u "" Information concerning this old and 
well Knovvn Institution can be obtained by ad- 
Un" BESDERSOX. "rln.. Box 222°bber. 

■Kew Ifforh. 


111* South Htb St.. Brookl\Ti. N. Y. CataU>gues 
.■^^'\r»,?iWiJ'""n'?"' P*''7'°'"*''5"'"'^>'*'"«'r. HENRY 
C. \\ RIOHT. Principal. 


ha"n•S•pup,l^wKw.o^,?riVe°M. "'Steplf^^^ 
CTl^,i?,"»J'"'-."'.'' i™'""' •SPO"!"" taught 
Dy a native Spaniard from Spain. All these 

SXl«~ .^5"!.""! i""* Bfnn Pltmon systems. Clr- 

wla^CHArf'EE^wi " ^°^''*""'' f<^'- "■■■l'« 



^ -Al.NES. President 

want me Best. 

UnderhMI's Rapid Phonography 

Re|.rc.«-uis 111,. B,.,, « rlicr, ,.t The .Vce 

lllus.cir. V'udcrlilir>\,li,vIu-^I.r N Y 

C»- THE C-S£ OF CUTS onl'hu page or onv 


.Muss, N..vacjH.>n, Journal free. GLICK & YOUNG. 

Unstructton 3Bb /iDail. 

Bookkeeping, office routine fall dctallsi. commercial 
calculations (Including the most successful drill In 
rapid addition! taught by mall without use of 
tex^book3, Entries to be made from correspondence 
and business papers mailed to each student. Course 
thus resembfes actual office work. Explanations In 
plain, common-sense language. No Intricate terms. 
WpIi^ a letter for particulars. M. O. NATUSCH, 
5E. 23dSt.,NewVork. 


Plerceton, Normal and 

hading and steel peno 
.vledged b.- " " ' 

shading pei 
theworr ■ 
gn for yo 

Acknowledged by fli 
favorite p« 

Favorite steel 

3u ct»: a dozen 50 e 
(assorted), with nanu 
1 set olf-haud capital 
ness capitals. 25 ci-^ ; 
cts: how to make all 


Terms, one-half In adva 

a of pen%vork,'25 cts.; resolutions, 
etc.. engrossea. 

ARTISTIC PENWORK.— Entrrosslng of Resolu- 

y school where 1 c 



studies while I 

■V school' where I can purs 
Will take low salary. Bea 


, Testimonials, 

_. specialty. Everv _._ 

tal pen work to order. Besn- 

DEV^HURSt. m[ca, 


w. ■ 

L. GLICK. New England Bus. Unl., Lowell, 

Mass. 1 doz. Signatures, on cards- something ele 
gant. 30c.; Dual: - - • ~ — ... 

the work Is'not .__. 

idjusted. 2Uc. Large stick ^ndla Ink. 5(lc 

■on Capitals, 2(lc. 
: all for 50c ■ 

Half stick, 3UC. 

factory. Obllqu 
^Ick li 
Ornamental Writing 

By taking one of the above named 
make wond< 
auteed. Samples 10 

make wonderful Improvement. Satisfaction guar- 

Clrculars free. 

Mant" B&s. 

In an»werino advertigementMsio'i^ by a nom-de- 
plum<, d€iau» and mlgtake« are avfHded by nealinij 
arui stamping the replies ready for matitJig and 
lOTiHitff tti« nom-de-plume in a a*mer, then inclos- 
ing such staled rtvUies in an enveXtrut addressed to 
The Penman^a An Journal, soi Broadway, New 
Vork. Postage must be sent for forwa/rdinQ Cata- 
lofjues. Newspapers. Photoffraphs, &c. 

Situations 'GQlante&. 


toeethcr. A larir*^ acquaint Roce ninouif 
Hcuools and tenchprs enablen the mannue- 
iiient to nelect irood teacbcrH lor good Mcbools. 
Small fee l8 charged Che teacher i no chHrve 
in made to the school. ICeliable hcIiooIh seek- 
ing leaehertt, and well qualified, reliable 
teachers seeking places are ^vnnted Tor our 
Iit4ti4. No others need apply. AddreMS PEN- 
REAU. '^O'i Broadway, New York. 

BOOKHEEP , Arlth. and Pen. are my special 
ties. I have completed English branches In gooi 
seminar}' and hold diploma from bus. coll. Have tw 
years' public school experience and taught for 

' In busl. coll. and i 

Age 2» ; weight \^ 
, good re" 
? low salary. 

, good references. Reai 

I Ellis 
j ft. 10 In.; good 
me 10th. Will 

Draughon's Bus. Coll., 

canl writing per doz,. 13 c 

}om 38. Vanderbllt 

>e of 1 2 lessons la busl- 
* iQ free hand drawing, 
35 cUs. : the finest of 
jcaps. 10 cts. Designs 

boldt. Eaosas. For sale bv booksellers and i 
tloners all over the U " 
sample colors, prices, 
frte. Special price« to ( 

. and Canada. Sheet of 

PLAIN and ornamental pen., book-keep, and cor- 
respondence are my specialties. I can assist in 
any of the iftual com'l branches. I hold good teacher's 
certificate, diploma front well known bus. coll. and 
nplete Zanerlin professional course In near 

— ■-- ■ ••- ars' book-keep, experience 

and have organized and 

id book-keep, classes 
d W. A B.'s texts. P 
:); height 5 ft. 7 In. : niarrled. Refer t 

--.e year. Familiar 
Perfect health ; 

::olIege. Will take low salary. Ready 

May 15th. Addi 

WRITING, draw, and book-1 
ties, but I teach all con 
math., botan)', phvslcs. geology, 
miliar with W. & R.'sand Ellls'^s.i 

fileted writ, and draw, courses In 
eges. Have also completed Nor. 

eluding some of f" 

teaching experlen 

\ of the sciences. Have had 

supervisor In public schools. Age 27 ; perfect nealth; 

170 ; height 5 ft. 

iioderate salar}'. Address "S. E. O.,' 

Ready June 1st. Want 


EACHER of Graham and Dement shorthand 
: od English education Is open for engag 

30: weight Ifib: height - ^- .:\ 

Strong references. 

Igbt 155: height ft.; good healtl 

• WAKE," care Pe>ka.x's 

Low salary. Ad 

TEACH KR of book-k.- 

TEACH plain and ornamental pen., draw., book- 
irpoii inw nrith.. ecleetic shorthand and civil 
branches and vocal 

music. Have four ; 

IAI»I A gr 
Have five 
Eclectic and 

height 5 ft. 7^ 

rapid calculation. Can also 

MV specialties are book-keep., 
pen., law. arlth., rapid ca._ 

teach Eng. branches and higher mathematics. Have 
cnninified all Eng. branches required fof first grade 
— a . ..„ . — j,pu graduate and 

took pen. under Madarasz. 

'-■ all standardsye , „__. _ 

weight 150 : unmarried. Wllj_take low 

miliar with all standard systems. Age 25; height 1 

alary. Ready Ju 

Address "OWN,' 

OOKKEEPa, bus. prac.. pen., law, 
' calculation and cor " " " 

ratory, com'l and pen. courses. Have had five yei 
pub. school teachfng experience. Age 23 ; weight 
1h5; height 5 ft. In.; unmarried. Refer to Rearlck, 
Kelchner and others. Want moderate salary. Ready 

PLAIN and ornamental pen., bookkeep., 
and bus. law are my specialties. I have 
hool education, am a grodua 

e been a student of the Zanerlan, 

everal years' teachlot; experience 

Ago 30; weight 120; height 5 ft. In.; 


W. B. Elliott and others. 
1 teach shirtband 

pared, all-round 

soil, and Zanerla 

married. Refers i 

Win accept low salary- My w 

For any school wanting both 

blned salary. Acldrcss " K. C 


* TliOlt 

mental |>' i 
teaches .ti n i, 

graduate, wli 

feet health: a„- -_. --„ , — „--. _ -.. __ 

married. Refers to Zauer and others. Want fair 
salary ivlth good school. Address " R. A. H.," cure 
Penmanb Abt Journal. 

BUOKKEEP., com'l law and Graham and Pit- 
man shorthand are my specialties. I 
arlth,. gram., civil govt., hlsr-- ■*■ 
Have completed high st-hiol and 

four years' com'l and'-- ~ -' 

experience and twoy__. _. __ 
office Familiar wlth^W. & R 

In.; unmarried. 

govt., history, literature. 

Want fair salary and < 
"i)Al'."eare Pesmas's Abt J( 

MV specialties are plain and 
bookkeep.. but lean also 
civil govt, and i 

pub. sch< ol teaching 

stenographer In railroad 

■ R.'s, Powers,' Ellis* and 

ht 140; height 5 ft. 11 

Ready June 

history, gram.. 

Familiar with 

texts. Perfect health; age 25; welghi 
rled. Strong references. Ready any tlr 
salary. Address " D. R. A.," care P 




■ndl t«icb i'pell.. orthCK.. ktbni-. ■ 
ipk4«d pab. nchool «>ar»e Hi*^l iw 

lOOKKEEP.. pen.. «hnrth»n<J 
If^ I al»o («ach aillh.. aram.. 
p*ll. «nd_alltehr*^ I 

in pub- achoola aoJ 

of Ihe On*l thppe. 

,. ba«. and p«'n 

. ,.r» com'I dept. teaching, l-i 
'.\ .t R-'n and Eastman's i*" ' " 
w-lKbt 144: hPlKht 5 ri. 

t>ocMl beatib: 

PEN., Oraham Shorthan<l and b-xikkwp. ar* my | A 
gpwiallt" and I rmn ^^^'^ff^'^i "1 ' (^umTi iSn 

special I If"* 

„.ji a ffr 


Coll. and am irraduale of shonband 

FamJUmr wUb iitAnilard text* Age 
•; helKht fl ft. !Oln.;unmaiTl«L St<"-y- 
Wanl fair ularr with jfoocl achool: 

r«wly Sept. 1 nl. Addreaa " ART." care PasMan i 


In (C(Knl bun. coll. Familiar with W. * R. 

tezta. Age.1A: wriKlit I4fi: hPi 
to I'oweni. Lfbr and othera. 
Kood Hchool. Ready May 

idy May IT 


..lulUAU-of J('- I 

It (J.TrenUni n 
N. Y, City, li.i 
ftchool teaf.'htri>: < ' 
ivir<* and i'wk) 
helBht & ft 

Keaii'y J< 

inmarrlrd Rt-f 

wi-lifht Hill; 
-.,-, U. ItoflivHtft 
moderale aalory 


eclectic ahorthand, 

Zanerlnn Art C«li tralntnR, with 

pub Nchoot and iievernl n 
expi'rienee- Ak»' '20; wel 
unmarried. Ri-fcrH t«> Zi 
moderate dalarr. Ready J 

HOhool education 

MY spocloliloji are Llndxley shorthand and type- 
writ. Alwi tench bookkc«'p.,pen., law, uriiii,. 
imomtca, correiipondence. U. S. history, kpok. and 

;. drill. I hnve c 

1 Nchool cducntloa a 

ended wnilnary and military academy four ye 
... _ . ... ._.. .... -Tat-hinn cxpenei 

StrouB rcrercn 

nlfcht HChool teach Ing 

7 lii.j unmarried. 


Art Jouhkal. 

ATRArilER of Now Rapid nhorthand and book- 
ki'<-|i Ih opi-n for i-iitriiKcnii-ut. Hehoithadtwo 

M'tir-t' iiui. ~ ii.> 1 -•' and thoroUfth com'I trnln- 

lnK:ii'<< I -I I Mclier. HeultnKOod: affe^it: 



WANT a position In < 

J. school. My spoctaitl< 
nient shorthand and I atsti wvku \ 
nil coin'l branches, nUrehra, pollt 
rhetoric. Am a Rroduate of nlKh 
and Hpent two yeara In literary n 
"' "* R.,Muiise1nian's.Stldler's. ElU 
Health Ruo<l; age XH; welgli 


1 referenceii Wimt ftilr Halnrv. 
\' notice. Address " L. E. T.." care 

11IAVE irtUKlit llvo yours In pub. schools, five 
ycnrx III ■•■nu'I ili'iiti.; niiil Imvi- MtUdlOil lu nub. 

annn.' . ^ ■ ■^ ■ 111 ■ Topeka, fcans. 

B. r ,1 , ( IMS Pnmlllar with 

W. « K ' i.xtB and Munstm 

I'houi-k; 1 I. Mil ,.. -I ^^.■l«ht IrtO; helKht 

fair lUiltu-Y \vlth Al .suhuul. Rvmly July 1. Address 
■•O. A. R,. care Pkxman's ART JoVRNAl-. 

ATEACIIEU of tfl years* experience In pub. 
and privnte sehools. competent to teach t>ouk- 
keep., arlth., low, pen.. poUtlcul eeononiy, Orahnm 
and " Twentieth Century shorthand," typewrit . bus. 

Rrac., EOB. ftram. and correspondence will be ready 
.tr position July 1 Has completed Eiiff. and eom*l 
c^mrsos In good school. Holds two diplomas from 
Clututauqua and has supplemented this by private 
study. Oood health; age Stt; height 5 ft. 0« lo.; 
married. Hb witeteachea ahorthand and typewrit. 
Scorvs of endorsements. Wants fair salary with good 
school, either public or private. Prefers Eastern antl 
Norlhem position. Addresa " I. T. R.," care Penhax's 



TEACHER of pen., gram., arlth., le 

tug, biHikkeep. with 

be open for engagement S«>pt. 1 

thoroush courses In Kng. and scientific branches, 
also In bus. and pen. Age «R; weight IW; mnrrled. 
Strving references. Wants fair Milar> with gt>o.l 
achtxM. Address "O. R. E.." eare Pk^max's art 


ATK.\CRER with coll. and unlv training, 
many years' experience as suuervMng prln. and 
dept. work. Has been at head of bus. dept. of large 
con, for two years. H sspeciallleaare banking, bus. 
pme , bookkeep.. com'I artth., com*! law. Vflll be 
i>iwn for engagement June 10. Familiar with W. 
<& R-'s, Sadler*s antl Rills' sj-steius. Health good : age 
SO; weight laO: height S ft. NH In. : marrl»r Stmng 
references. Wauls (air salary. Address -FRONT." 
care P£.nha.n^ Aet JovmtaL. 

I{i>adv Sept. 1. Address '■ R. E. V.," car*' 

I.ADV TEACHER of Munson shorthand ami 
/*. graduate of bigb school and Chicago Athenteum 
shorthand school deslrespoiiltlon as teacher of short- 
hand and typewriting. Has had six years leaehlnn 
experience In public iH-hoolB and six years as teachei 
of shorthand and typewrit. In bu*. 
expert In typewrit. ■ ■ - 
writing machines, 
height 6 ft. 5 

ood health : age 80 : welei 

„.^... ~ ... jnraarrled. Strong refe 

WanlA moderate salary. Address ' YORK, 


AN all-round man whow specialties are plain and 
' ornamental pen., bookkeep., arlih.. law, corre- 
spondence and spell, and who Is an expert lo rapid 
addition and com'I calculations will be open for eu- 

Ragement Aug. I. Has had common school traln- 
1? and Is^ graduate of Ferris Industrial School. 
Has two years' experience in bus. coll. work and one 
year aa prln. of com'I dept. Familiar with oil leading 
systema. Oood health: age 24; weight 140; height 
.1 ft. 8 In.; unmarried. Refers to Terris. Wessel, 
swarthoul, Shaw and others. Moderate Mlary. 
Ready Aug. 1, but would prefer Sept. 1. Address 
' Y. N. E ,'^care Pk-imax's Art Joitb.val. 

ZEeacbers TPtnanteC). 

rfiHKrKNM I 


111 II KA I 

niercini, mid Hhorllinml nnd typen-rilini 
brnnihiHonh. It bringH lencherH and Hchooli 
lugt-ilnr. i la rue nciinnintnnce among 
»( r>oo1- iinil Kiu-herH ennbleH the manage* 
mnii ro ■.I'lrri uuod teacbersfor good scbooli* 
Siiiull <<'•- i« 'liiirged the lenrlier ■ no clinrgi 
IN iiindt' lo I Ik- Hi'bool. RpllabtescuoolBBeek' 
iiikf irnrbn-. und well qualified, reliable 
ft-it.lirr- -rrUiiiu ptnrcM nrci wanted for OUT 
li-iH No oiIm I- iMi-a apply. AridreHs PEN- 
IC V. \ \ . liVl ltrmMl«n\, New Vorlf 
\\r.\N'rF,l» iiir-.iii III iiii'li lirhool, a young man t<! 
If tfa.-h |i.nni.i(i-iii|i, >^ li-i wishes to take a couree 
uf lK>ukk('i'i<]iik- 1 I I hi IIS Til.' (insltlon will be perma- 
becoming famlllat 


R.I., Flrst-cIaMman; goodsaUry. \Vi»..alln.u 
nan. N. V.. Al penman and teacher : one w 
caches shorthand preferred; good salary, liii 
-om'landpen. Maan., two com'I. «Ja., all-n>u 
eacber and manag«r. Kaaiern Stale. nmiiii« 
or bus. prac. dept. who teaches arlth.. ranid cal. a 
ttrres.: good salary: good school. Ill.» -"'• ■ 

Lmnd teacher. N. V.. all-round teacher 

a good penman: large school: good salary. Pa., 
all-round com'h'Ellissystem: do pen. Ind., pennum 
who can assist In com'I dept. of nor. coll. Pa.. Ai 
teacher to take charge of comi dept. of bus. coll 

teacher lo take charge of < 
~ ung penman: pt 

Conn., flrst-cla 

penman: part cash: part tuition In 

^_^ n.. flrst-class teacher, strong 

good penman for large achool. III., prln. for 

■^ — . _.. — ^^ small Ir — * * "- 

teacher. I 
ill school: Fl 
all-round com'I tenchi 

take charge of small school ; Fill!* --' 

Slate, all-round con " 

schfx>l. Tenn., young 

a day and write canls, t,-.^., >.». 

pen. and com'I. N. V., pen. 

pen. and com'I. Pa., "'* 

pen. and English, ilbiun.. au-iw,,,,. 

partner. \Va«b.. all-round teacher. 

3ir!*IC, ART and EL.OCrTH»N. 

K Y., teacher of music, art and elocution. 

Information about thJ^8e vacancies will be si 
all who register In Tkp. 

ERS' BtREA •■• ' 


iUanks nnd particulars malltnl upoi 

k-tth I 


■-I. Ill of shorthand. Ari- 

;, NasthvllU' 

AMOI'THERN school wants a young man to 
teach penmanship about two hours per day. and 
to devote the balance of the time to addressing en- 
velopes, writing cards, etc. Must be a good penman, 
and If not full of energy and a good worker ine posi- 
tion will not last long. We would also accept a young 
man who can teach penmanship and desires to become 
familiar with our course of boolckeeplng, 
ig a permanent posltli -■- 
['graph y 

Charges. OncHalf Usual Rates. 

Facilitie.-* l'nMirp;.-i.i. S.tmccs linnest. ef- 

ticient by r,r;..l inc K.iucators. We 

I'ayforKu..«l...l^;onfVa.-,Mr,.... Write today 



A Tnic lu Two ClinpterH. 

allv yo 
. HurtI 

MORSE, Prop. Hartford, Conn.. Bus. Coll. 


KUAN'S Art JntniNAL Teachrrs' Bl-reai 
Dkar Sirs :— I have accepted a posltloi 
Morse of the Hartford. Conn., Bus. Coll. 

with tern)B a 


agency is tht c 

teachers' agency 

I E. H. 

A. r: kip, Napa. Cal.. Coll. 
have hundreds of similar letters on file. 

BrKF\I . •*<►■» Hrond-nnv, N. Y. 
May. Jiiii. ■ n~h months In 

le emp! -M ■ iving calls for 

teachers a I n is t dally. We 

them the (oil. iwuik' i ' "- i i>i. sent, among 

l.ARRE CITY. -A well educated man. able to 
Tlte and teach Ijoth slant and vertical writing, with 
leaning townrd veriU-at. Must be capable of plan- 
ning course of study and directing large corps of 
teachers. Salary 91600 to^lNtH) for 9 months. 
CONN.— A special teacher of writing for to»-n of 

Teacher to take Interest in school; Ohio, coni'l also" 


«RAH.^.M.->Iicb.,Lad*;M'is.. Ladv; Minn., 
Ladv; Ohio. U Im., Ladj; Tenn., also Telegraphy; 
N. \ ., also Penmanship. 

PITMAN tBenn and lsaac).-Penn., alsoflther 
English or Bookkeep. ; (ia. 
NEW RAPIU.-Pa., also com'I. 
SCOTT-BRpWNE.-nemeru Slate. Tern. 

JSudincdd tS)pportuntticd. 

IF YOr WANT to reach penmen, comnicrclal 
school proprietors and teachers supervl.Hors of 
writing and drawing, etc.. Tbk Journal's wtiiit col- 
umns will put you In communication with them. 
Possibly you have u pen, Ink, penholder or soniethliig 
of the kind to put on the market. You may want n 
partner for some business enterprise, etc. This Is the 
column to put you In communication with the right 

Tlie price Ih 8*2.30 eacli iudertl 
not to exceed one incb. Iftwo... 
be paid for in advance <«.'() the ad 

win be I ■ ' ■ 


eed one incb. If 

, r in advance <8.'S» .- 

ill be entitled to a (bird iuscrtiou free, if 


ROOSE. Omaha, Neb, 

FOR SALK.-The eood will and plates of a well 
advertised and widely used set of writing lessons. 
Copper plate engraving ; thousands of dollars spent 
In aavertlslng ; International reputation. Reason for 
selling : conflicts with present business of owner. A 

food thing for a hustling advertiser. Address "WRIT- 
NO LESSONS." care Penman's Art Joitrnal. 

WJ. KINSLEV. 202 Broadway. Nf 
• writer of odi " 

* >^ * 

Scbools jfor Sale. 

FF YOr WISH to sell J 


will (lo the business at short order and for small t. 
pense. Practically all commercial school proprletoi 

to find a partner. The Jour 

ichers lu America read The Jopr>__ „ 

adv't In these columns will place what you have to 
say before them. 

The price in ^'.^..^O each innertion for adn. 
not to exceed one incb. If two inHertionH 
be imid tor in advance (85) Ibe advertJHer 
%vin be entitled lo a third insertion free, il 

FORMAI..E. A9i Interest in a paying business 
collage, for $«00-$;irO cash, balance Intere.fl benr 
ing notes of 125 each, one due each month until .ill 
are paid. A good chance for a voung teacher wlm 
understands nis business. Address "S3U0," can' 
Penman's Art Journal. 

|,^OK ^-^ \ l.l-,. \ ^^. II .■.|.|l|,[.. ,1 liN-ii Ih ... 

iaaoo. Don't write unless you mean business. It is a 

bargain. Stand closest Investigation. References 

required. Address "SURE SALE." care Penman 

F4H{ ■* \ I . I . ( II i: \ |». A thoroughly established 

• " H manufacturing city of 5i).- 

Oru ,,. uew furniture; Individual 

ofTlr. ■! iiiiii-rclal department. Enroll- 

niciM !i iirs. Address " B. C." care 

(lEN'li; \ 1. H \^--. A well established business 

- ' ' ' lif best town, for business. In 

tbi- ^' ' M iil!<hlngs. elegant rooms. So 

coini' . ..I t<Trltor>- todrawfrom. At- 

teo'i;.!! 111,!.- that of last and can be 


L^Ol'RS IF YOU WANT IT. An up-to-date, 
■ thoroughly equipped school, located In Pennsyl- 


Business College 

aisibszi CMcUffA OPPOSITE. 


•LanSest- Oldest-- Best- 


■Business-Shorthand En^lish- 

MosrUiKURiousiy Furnish ED Scnaoi'AMCRicA 

-)i ''I ■^■' .' .■■ •■''■■ ..i:. 



Business Hrms Supplied witti Help 


Send for Catalogue L. 

FREB. For three one-cent Atampi to pay coal 

of return postage and paper usc<l, 1 win mall to 
ftuy re.ider of the Art Jocrnal a spechnen of my 
most accurate Aittomotic Pen Lettering, my own 
IH-page CIreular and Sample -Sheet of Automatic 
Inks and Ornaments used with the automatic 
pens. A. B. CUSHMAN. Auto. Shading Pen Artist 
and sign Writer, Humboldt, Kansas. Please say 
you saw my advertisement In the ART Journal. 

JFor Sale oc XCca&e. 


A\ K V<»r some rare works on penmanship, 

MINI i.ihi;ible pen specimens, some ponman> 
n. -, Mr Minihirig that you want to sell or trade? 

Interested In things of thi 

po.sslble to Und. You may have 

It how It works. 

Try II 

The price Ir »'i,SO encli hiHertlou lornilN. 
not to exceed one Inch. It nvo InacrilonH 
***'iiV"u'**^**''.*." ndvnnce (g.-Ji ili<> ndveriUer 
tTe Ired *" ^ Iu»eriion IVco, II 

FOR SAI.E.-CoDles for sale. I Imveii few set^i of 
pcn-ioritten copies Including sets of Business Cap- 
tills and Ornamental Cupltols valuube to private 
learners, which I will moll, nostage prepaid, for OOo 
C. C. LIFTER, 2488 Crystal Ave.TBaltlmorerMd. 

FOR SAljE.— A copy of " Williams & Packard's" 
Hems of Penmansliln " In almost perfect con- 
dition. Price 90. "PENftlAN." care Pbnmah's AiiT 



Scbool ^furniture anO Supplies 
Jfor Sale or jejcbange. 

ARK VOU putting In new furniture, and would 
you like to dispose of your old furniture? Aro 
you changing text-books, and would von like to sell 

If there Is any oi 
'irnlture, supplIcH, 

curlty at i»), 60 and WO days. Good enroMi 
and goo«l prospects for the future, but i 
iflnement has Impaired health ol 

sell. City has lO.OOU, Is on a'boom; 

close confinement has Impaired health of present 

1. City has lo.oou. Is on - " 

school of the kind within 5U mite 

have llOdO, or «rtOO rash addn 

Scbools 'CClante&. 



ell enitabllshed 

hustler. Ref^pf 

:o ability, characli 

noanclal standing furnished. Arldi 
"'ANTED." care Penuan'i 

W A NT to purchase i 


located 1 

lowest price 

pnid for in tnU 

inrh.^Ifrwo fniieriln 


Result of 21 years' experk-nce. 
»ne Dollar per (JroHsi>r Ten rents per Dozen. Sutnl 
r a trial Itr.lvr To-duu ! AddrexH. 
>l '■ A \KMk. E. H. KOUINS. Wichita. Kan. 

BRIGHT -M .jt 
BUSINESS -^ .jt 

We design f and often print complete) cata- 
logues and other -J* Modem v^ Business ^ 
Literature -* for some of tfie best known 
btisiness firms in America. 

Our clients include a few scliools — not 
ma.ny, but every one of tfiem an ui>-to-date 
scfiool that appreciates the value of up-to-date 
things. Why is it that the SuccessfuISchools 
come to us, pay us a fair price, cash do^vn, 
while everybody knows the local printer 
would be glad of the job on six months* 
time ? 

Probably you are as good at guessing as wc. 


202 Broadw^ay, New^ York. 




OPUHI l,>- , 

iLlylnK It ? 
of the lealln? Coivi 

. Colleges. 

Because ??g 

llhin lhep«»t .1 
ujie uid recoinmeoil It enthusiastically everywhere ? 
old Nhadeil and pmtltloii syHtems chanvln^ nrr to the PERIHN ? 
School Board waa coDrlnce<I of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted 

_- _ - - . quickly 

[table of the highest iiiieed. aiul adapted alil 
lid and the adult. 
POSinoN. few word alfrns. vowels follow 

ulckly learned. BEAD LIKE PRIST, 

BECAUSE It can be learned for practical um 
They feel the nwyl of a more facile and ICKlble shorthand. 
It waa adjudged the BE.ST of all shorthand sysu-ms In u 
complete SEI,F.INHTRV<:TOH,»2.m). Money rel 
lalred. Write II. .11. PF.KNIN. Author. Detroit, rflch. 

nprebeuslon of the 
tn tht itortl, and 

^EEKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS. 

1 AW A New Light! 

/::^^A The X-Raj ,C Sborthand World. 

IIw It nnd tliiTi' will IH- no morednrk invslcrlcs 
burled In your cold notes. Already in l>mctlpal 
UK-. Complelehodk. wirinDtnictor. «1.50. Cir- 
.culiini nnd wimples free. Write to (lay. 
Creenwich Business College, 

Ko>l <;re,.„..l,h, Itliodi' l-l nnd. 

When Ordering Typewriter Ribbons, 

any other make, TItp 

[i-nillng and last lonaei 

.iph and railroad 
I nolden tips and 
iii'l to avoid soil. 
Ml unique. They 

.-.KM) I 1111 t:iuc;Li.AB. 

Rogers Manllold and Carbon Paper Co., 



Mnnllold I'np 




Quickly leBruert ; no fltrain of eyes, hand oi 
Work iinlfonii. uccurate. t-asv nud reliable. S 
32 I.a*!e Circular. MftcUliics reuie«l on trial. 


Price RfihtccI tu S-.i-'i. :i-if Si. l.oiiii 

Are You Alive ? 

Are you up to the times? Keep 
up with the march of progress and 

Aluminoi dPens. 

The smoothest and most durable 
pens ever introduced. Send loc. 
for samples worth double. 

A. L. Salomon, 

177 Broadway, - - New York. 


David Wolfe Brown's National School of Reporting 

Will be openeil in New York City on June first (or as sonu thereafter as the adjourn- 
ment of Congi-e83 will permit). The School will embrace four Departments. 

1. A Department of Office Shorthand, in which pupils will be conducted in the briefest possible 
time from the stennffniphit: nuiiinents to the speed of the busineM amanuensis. 

J A Department of Professional Reportlnfif, devoted to the most advanced shorthand study and 

„ll ,,.)>,... ),..,,.,,,t,,..j , A^iiry to prepare the young stenographer for court or general report- 

ijii,' : ';: .. ;. I ' iiiiit, unknown iu ordinary shorthand schools, will be a pre-eminent feature 





etlge hi 

t -'t itie 1.<.\.VC PI r.M.\.\ PhonoirrapUv. The 
■suits ii( ». iiuKh tUouk-Ut and praetieal knowl- 
'Oiireci for tile s^■ste^n the pi-<Mid position it n,iw 
being the most SIMPLE. HRIEK, LEIilHLE and 


Get "Tsaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic instructor," 250 pp. Price, $1.50. 

Adapted by the Publli ScbooN ol New York City. Rronklyu. etc. 

Specimen Pnsea. Alphnbct nnd Full Itulef. tor Wrilinit. lor the iiaklug. 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, 33 Union Square, New York. 

T.VKE LE.S.SONS at the Metropolitan School of Isaac Pltniaii shr)rthau.l. 1.^"^ Firth Ave. (.New Presbvterlan 
"" Cor. 2ut_h St.. N. v. Rapid and Thorough Individual Inslrui-tlr- -^ - - 


eulars free. Day and E%-enlng I 

Tltlug. Model 

3. A I). 

I ii^'lish. desifjned to (rive to the amanuensis and the embryo reporter needed 

[ IIIS3 in the use of their mother tongue 

A Department ot iypewritlng. for thorough instruction in that high class typewriting work 
whit li ImHuiii.-..-. Hiid professional men demand. 

The Princiiial will have a corps of thoroughly efficient assistants working under 
I ilircctioiiK anil folliiwniig his methods ; bnt nothing that he should personally 

nttend to 
pnpil in |. 
dents wli 
tagi's (wh 

ill be eiitinstfil to subordinates: and the best iio.ssible progress ot every 
el] depart iiieiit will be his special ciiiiriiii. Ambitious Shorthand Stu- 
as|iiri' tci iiiiire tlian the rank of aiiiiiinieii-es nill appreciate the advan- 
■h this sell. 111! uliiiic offersi of Advanced Instruction in Practical Report- 
tearlier who has devoted his life since Imyleind to professional reporting, 
iitlicial position in Congress for many years lias reiiuired him to perform 
what exiierts have priinonnced the most Difficult Reporting in the World. As 
the exercises of tlie school will not be suspended during the summer, an excellent 
■oiipnrtnnitv is iitbndicl tn teai liers and ntliers tii Improve Vacation time by Short- 
hand Study. Fur fnrtlier ]iartirulars, address 

X3.A.-«7-iaD ■VC^€>X..I'U ^HO-\7«7Tir, 
Omrlnl Itrporler 1. !<. Iloune ol' Itep>. P. O. Itox 37:i. WASIIINfiTON. I> C 

Correspondence Course in 

D. R. AUGSBURG. Salt Lake City, Utah. 
A 8hi»pli>. ensy anil effective mpthod of learning 
liow to draw and to tenoli drawing. DeslRned espeol 
nlly for Ipiu'liers. S*'ud sliinip for sample lesson. 


from S2 to SlOe 
for specin 

Writinff. Full particulars. Catalogue of Pen- 
men and Sign Writers' goods, your name in 
large, ornamented, fancy colored lettering for 
10c Write at once. I have many things you 

John n. Cooley. 



$ a, SX-oec-aa. of lOOO Sllieets. 

(In quantities o( 25 Reams or more.) 

I.2,> n Keani In 


11 Loll 

1.30 a Ream In . 



1.40 n Mnule Ren 


.l.i a Hall Real 


This paper is just the thing lor penmanship practice, and is excellent for 
letlci-hcads for pen or typewriter. It is of firm texture, smooth, hard finish, 
good color, (eels good under the pen and holds ink splendidly. It is the ideal 
penmanship practice paper. 

It comes put up in half ream (500 sheets! packages, unruled, ordinary 
ruled, and wide ruled ; size of sheet, 8 .t loK inches ; weight, 10 lbs. to the 

Specify the ruling when you order. 

It is advisable 10 ship Ijy'freight, thus saving express charges. 

_ AMES t ROLLINSON CO., 202 Broadway, New York, 




(Benn Pitman, President; Jerome 15. Howard, Director), 
issues TEACHERS' CERTIFICATES to candidates who 
pass an examination in the Theory and Practice of Phonog-- 
raphy, or Phonetic Shorthand. 

This certificate is not a malve-believe, given to any one 
who can write a shorthand letter in some fashion, but is granted 
under conditions which strictly test the abilities of the candi- 
date. In the last six years jUSt twenty-eight per cent, of those 
taking the test have reached the prescribed standard. 

There are many first-class teachers of phonography who 
do not hold our Certificate. All who dO hold it possess a 
demonstrated knowledge and skill in the art, and may be con- 
fidently engaged by principals of schools who want teachers 
of shorthand. 

If you want a teacher write to us and we will send you the 
names of those Certificated Teachers now open to engage- 

Full information as to the plan of certification, with 
printed list of all certificated teachers, will be sent on applica- 

The Pmgiiiipiiii! Iptdte Go., - GiDciitiiaii, 0. 


Send me your name and address on a 
card and receive by return mail large 
specimen of the work done with the 
McCready Fountain Marking and Letter- 
ing Pen, yvith cut of pen, exact size, or 
send S."> cts. for full outfit, as per ads. in 
late issues of The Journ.\l. Address 

R. L. ncCREADY, 
2 to lo Sandusky St., Allegheny, Penn. 


>^ 1 iieapest sehniil inkget 

^Columbian Tablet Ink, 

rsentbyroall. No chance to spill 
1 by hundreds of touchers and 
■y It. Enough tablets for one 

evansvilLE, ind. 



The best cla^ book published on the subject. 
Sample copies 3.5 cent*, isend for circular. 
Address, C. V. CARHART, 
420 Clinton Ave., Albany, N. Y. 



ally heneflteil. aud the 

\. MACKE^2IE, 

Lockport. N. V. 



The Art Student. 
4 back Nos. mid 
one year's huI*- 
ecrlptlon from 
June. '90. for 
$I.1S. 7 special 


132 W. 23d St; 





is takinjgf the 

pla.ce of steno- 

raphy because it 

is quickly learned, 

a, 4 , ^ — and a typewriter 

tbat prints a word at one stroke is 
plainer and fkster than shorthand. |2>. 
P. G. K. ANDERSON, 720 Bennett Bldg.. New Yorli. 

B«ch<«Ur BufllnesH Cnlversliy. Rochester 
X. v.. I» the Icfl'linir preparattir>' school for 
comroereial loiu-herB. ThfWf who crintemiiluto 
te«chlnit the commerrial bninchcft or toacht-ra 
who wtah to ifrepare for better poiiltfoiwi should 
write for |>flrtleular8 Beautiful catalogue and 
circular* sent upcjn rvfiiiest. 


ASD TERarroRT. Used bt (ioveaxMCtT Ofticials 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contain* Claasiflfd Ltstaand Addrfne* for the 


JiHiHNAL (VifijWWt-a your yrar on th^ I\mna 

I.M. The paper wiU bf continurd until othrrulae 
oiTferrd. SubscripUonJi are Inrnriablu payable in ad- 
i-OHor. and promot rrmiitancr is rtquesUd and fjc- 
prctfd, <u the »endtno<i/a bill or letter inro/ivjt an cj- 
pentitofatletui five percent, on the entire oroM amount. 
Only lubtcriben for th« News Edition uken «t the full price 
(nol 4t dubblnff reduction) kre eligible for eitiry on our Per- 
' ' ■ ■ ■ -■ ■ ■ 1ne lubacripuofis for either edition will 


ffproRiptW at 

t Usi re: 

r Ida 

pUcltly, In order that hit nai _ __ _ 

nrnl Ll«t ; otherwise he will get two papers and we shall of course 

expect him topay for them. 

Changing Addresses. 

That It (o »ay. «c <•■. ■ ■. February i« lor the 

<:hanelni|of thei l.ii n M,. Where Uiit c.\n- 

tioi bedone.notitv v . - : t .™T,rd that parti ou I « 

may r> to the proper plate direct. " " *'*"' P^P*" 

Incorrect Addresses. 

IttoioetliBet happen* names tent us by agents are Dils- 
tpelledot the addreuesintuffictcnt or incorrect in one or another 
detail, ll alto s»neua)ei happetit, thoush much Icuonen, that 
we oaake mUtakct in entering the addresses oit our books. 
SubKrtbcrtuere<)uestediocareAil)y scnitialM the address on 
the Ant papcn that ih«y receire. If ther* should be the slightest 
error notily u^ .1 -n. ^ .., ■fl".itK-.i r.o risk mair be Incurred. 
*'^'"' . month before first of 

■". Roccipi of the paper It sufficient cvtdeacc 

I ted your money. If anytiiing It wrong write us 

II t« attended to. Don't bother the ageni; only 
e Lortvctton and yoQ saTe time and trouble by 
t. Ujrou ask foe InformatioB on any point, a 
closed. Wc GOBtnbute tine and statioaery. but 


X i\H Pficei^ heavy 
gold stamp. «I.oi». 

It KlveH 125 beautiful detttgns, delloat«ty prloted 
Aupprllne paper— most ci " - - ■ . — . 

the world H leading pei 

I maullla binding i 

,(•1.10): Fo 

rpleces— by 72 ol 
inien. We will send the book 
premium Tor one sub. and 

t the premiums 
We wTu'aend the Book 

l»2) - 


& will a 
ve foro 

binding for one sub. and { 

1 In best cloth 
(•1.90, the price of 

' preceding 

the book aloue). or for two subs. (t2 


The following oilers, as In the case of t 
ones, apply to the News Edition uf The J 
regular edition will be furnished at lOc. 1 

THE JorBNAL will be sent one year. In combination 
with a year's subscription to any American periodical 
that sells for not less than $1 a year, for ifSc. extra. 
For exan-ple. The Journal with either The Comno- 
politan, Jlfun8f|/'8 or MvClure's Magazine, Popular 
f:tlut-ator. School tngtitute. Teacher's World, etc., both 
papers one year, •i.SA. In combination 
odlcalselUn« for not less than tZ.SO, ~ 
coat only iSe. extra. For exampu 
Ret-ietr of tte^viewa, School Journal 
Education, etc.. ja.fiS; Srrtbner'a Slagazine, Ed\ 

tional Revietc. etc, $.1.1fl On a " 

JoCR-VAi. subscription will he 

: lOc. less. 

•2.60, Ths JO[rR.\, 

cample, with eltl 

Journal, y. E. Journal of 

W pel 

Special Combination. 

The /Vnman's Art Journal yneirti edition) and The 
Bu»ine*» Journal tcill be ftnt one year for %l. Send nov, 
already a subiicrlber for The Jocrkal or 

The Journal and 

t send along the i 

a different addresses If yo 
sary to write and ask. " \\ 
such-and-such a periodical c 
Is exact and unalterable. Ji 
In accordance with it. 
Address all letters to and make checlcs. 


. ^^-.. It Is dcsigiieif as thi; best 

i.iiu t;uii uui. aiKTMu M. .■•iMiiiiil School. Cutalngue fully describ- 
seat to all asking for it, also sample lessons, testlmouialHt etc. 

Prepare Students for teaching. 
Prepare teachers for better positions. 
Contain the beat methods on teach- 
Give profitable employment for 

spare momenta. 
Place teachers in a position to se- 
cure better salaries. 
COURSES jSI^'"'^'^^^ ^^'*^ habit of home study. 
Furnish a splendid review. 
Are practical and comprehensive- 
Are within the reach of everyone. 




1 ha-s be«n in successful operation six years and 

exceed five cents a day and the studying c 

h each thirteen weeks a.s they could by attending school 
rth - 

_. positions under 

The cost will 
hours each eve 

Our students accomplish i 
for the same period, we (;<i 

A Testimonial.— As a direct result of pursuing your Normal Course of study. I have this 
day received word from the commls-^loner of this district that I have passed the examination 
for the first srrade certificate which 1 took March 7th and 8th. I pa.'ised ever\' subject uyjon 
.'pursuance of vo " " * '"' 

-.- -- - thousands of otnei , 

A Postal Card request will bring catalogue and lull information regarding over 20 sepa- 

; trial, and Icred 
i Store. N. Y. We have thousands of others equally as strone- 
., - _ id full ir ' 

sof home stud 





fe ^^ ^ft^ 


Business Arithmetic. 


Cloth. 200 pages. Page sH x 8 In. 


Commercial Aritlimetic. 

Cloth, 300 pagei Page 6f4 x oH I"- 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers. 



How to make money. 

Sfiuli-iit.s and teiu-lie 

aj^ency fu 

ill pay you well to take an 

Everj-boiiy's Dictionary. This book is vest-pocket size, 
contains 83.000 words, with correct spelling, pro- 
nunciation, .syllable divisions, parts of speech, cap- 
italization, and definitions, also much useful infor 
mation in an Appendi.x. This book sells on sight. 
Almost anybody can make expenses or more selling 
it in connection with other business. One agent 
sold 800 copies in a few months while canvassing 
for other books. Price, handsomely bound in red 
leather, gold embossed, indexed, 50c. ; cloth, not in- 
de.xed, 2.5e. We want a representative in every 
school and town. Liberal commissions allowed. 
Write for terms. 

Thousands of testimonials received similar to the following : 

The Best Books for SchooISo 

The books in the following list are new, up to date, 
and endorsed by progressive teachers as the best yet pub- 
lished on their respective subjects: 

Spelling and Letter Writing, 50th thousand:204 pages; fully illu 
trated with elegantly engraved copper-plale script. 

Typewriting Instructor and Stenographer's Handbook.— Editioi 
lor Remington. Caligraph, Smith Premier, Remington and Call- 
graph combined; 96 pages ; two colors. 

Plain English, a practical text-book on 
carding useless matter of which the 
largely consisted: 224 pages. 

Spelling, 118 pages; 186 lessons of 20 words each, and 40 Dictation < 



, PWii. Augmtan 


r. II 

.r.v I hnv 

nil the (itbers.— /'(.I/ ,; \] ij 
I'm. rniiitnlCiluO'ijiiHirriiil t' 
D,.- .W.iii.r.s, ;.,irri. 

This book |9 OREAT. Send n 
..tliiTonc.--J. (■ Hniicnrh. Cat,-,, 

Pretty, handy, and useful. 

- by 

ForJtard, Frr». Pack- 
" • Vi»rh City. 
nade. I think 

Everybody i 
your Dictk 
sees it wants to buy it I "woufd not 
part with mine for «o. if I were unable 
to net another.— ^1. H. Sioworth, Mar- 
ionvilU, Pa. 

It Is a very neat book and selU on 
•ight.—B\ J. Duiirtten, Grand Maud. 

Lawyers and Judges like It. I um 
just in receipt of the two Dictionaries 
1 ordered from you lost week. One 
was for the County Jud^e of our 
County, the other for mvself; we are 
well pleased with them. " This order is 
for another Lawyer of our town.— 
Chas. v. McLarty. Attorrify at Law. 
Quitman, Tex. 

It Is indispensable. I have one of 
■"Everybody's Dictionary," and 

find it indispensable, 
factory.— r " 
•iUt. X. H. 

factory.— G. Erneet Merriati 

Practical Shorthand, based on the Pitmanic alphabet— the joint 
work of prominent reporters and teachers. Eminently practical 
and complete. It contains 50 full pages of engraved shorthand, 
and nearly 500 other engraved illustrations; 244 pages. 

Commercial Law, systematically arranged and fully illusi 
Valuable alike as a text-book or a book of reference; 192 pages. 

Practical Bookkeeping, in three editions, adapted 
grades of public and private schools. The most m 
and attractive books yet published on the subject of 
Bookkeeping as practiced in leading business houses. 

Bookkeeping: Blanks, arranged for use with the text-book: 
three grades of superior 

Steel Pens, at low prices, are also supplied to our pat 


The Practical Text Book Company, 







•f/! ■ ;H 



I'JP /OAxd^ /QOCrcnnJ iij^*. 

~ James YVhitcomb Rilev^ 



^ /*»«■ ar AA*£J 4. A 

Entered at N. V. P. O. as Second- CI aas Matter. 

^ \.yenman!i>QytcCQj<:iu/uu& 




If business is not taught in your 
school as business is done in the 
outside world 



Tiie Ellis System of ilclual Business from Start to Fiqisli 

is the only system of teaching business by doing busi- 
ness published. 

Adopted by hundreds of leading business colleges, and 
discarded by none. 

Detailed information cheerfully furnished. 

ELLIS PUBLISHING CO., - Battle Creek, Mich. 



^ ^ ^ # QUALITY 


100 William Street, New York. 




Tlie EsterDrook Steel Peq Go. 

26 John St., New York. 


The Complete Accountant, 
Counting House Edition. 
High School Edition. 

The New Business Arithmetic, 

The Practical Arithmetic, 

Reach the best results in shortest possi- 
ble time. 

Commercial Law, 

The most popular book of its kind on 
the market. 

The Practical Speller, 

A splendid book on an important subject. 

We can not only supply you with text- 
books that will please you, but when laying in 
your full stock of supplies, such as Writing 
Paper, Note Books, Blank Forms, etc., let us 
quote you prices. You may regret it if you 
do not get our prices. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with-l 

ont answers. The Standard Arithmetic. . Retail price, |1 .50| 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the'essen-l 

tial part of the complete book Retail price $1 00 1 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, *l.oo 

With proper discounts to .Schools. 
of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 
euperrision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Mnnson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St., New York. 

Learn to WRITE, DRA Wand TEACH 

by attending the above Popular, Practical and Progressive 


It excels, not only in giving instruction, hut in aiding (frc^ 
charge) its pupils to secure desirable employment. J' 

Sample copy of The Zanerian Exponent free. j 

iddress, attend j 


Galesburci. 111.. March 9, '9fl. 
The Zanerian Exponent has been fine and I enclose 1 Oc. for anotherj 
year's subscription. It contains many helpful hints and is worth tej 
times its cost. " E. L. .TARL. 



Veriicuiar and Yertiorapl). 

These Pens have been especially designed for Vertical Writing, after a formula i 
careful study of required conditions. 

JOSEPH GILLOTT & SONS, 91 John St., New York. 




tb« lB(' 




m. by I 

I»r»:-y»r«^1 iileel. by 

.•'you that there \» no make. Forfiirn or Itampfiiic. equaling the same 
oulil a^k yonr preference fr»r Amerlenn produclH. , . n «.k> 

unceil Oy the best auihorllle* of the Vertical nystem lo be auporlor to aU oine 

.. .. Vortleal WrlUne. 

Id of 

r preference fr»r Amerlenn product 
*- - - uthorltle4 of the Vertical Bystem 

, Ileal WrIUng. 

ftl Pen No. .I Ue9p<>i:Iatlyailapte(1 for beslnoemnnd foi 

L- In the Primary Grade* 

Id a^k y 
n'le'l fol 
required In u^lng Ihli pen ani It will not acratch or spatter, and writes with all the freedom 
for vour kind examination and trial of the Eagle Vertical Pens, and feel assured that n trial 
Slylei of otiier Steel PenH whleh we manufaeture. vre recommend the \o. E I>0 for 

n your entire satli>f.«i 
erouii Slylei of f _ 
I, and the E I'iO. E 110 f' 




703 lo 725 East 13th St. 

73 Franklin St. 


Automatic Shading Pen 

Tfr M 


(J. W. STOAKE3, manufacturer and Patentee.) 





Kapld and uniform lettiTlnii: a Kreat many distinct and brilliant shades. formlnR a combination 
" ■■ il cammt he diipMcntcrl In hourn by (tie most expert bIrq writers by any other process. 

' IS M.MK': i>v iiH.Ti* of this pen by muklnit specimens, hat bands. sIkd writing, etc. 

I ! !. I L ''.■.it colors at single stroke). Nos. to S. each, 20c.; Nos. il and 8, 
1 I. plain mark), Not.OO to.**, each, 20c. Plain Pens (for backgrounds. 

'!>' : Nos. II and K, each, 26c. (Mall, prepaid } 

■ 1. 'I ■• INK- in Ilk. hlue, brown, purple, red, green, yellow, orange, pink, each, 15c.; 

MAKKINU INKS i wntt-rproof* : Block, blue, green, pink, brown, red, yellow, orange, each. 1 

and Bronze Inks; Ooltl S *" " 

1. Frosting Diamond Duat, < 

Fancy Lettering i 

. ._ _ _ . nd Bronze Inks; Oold Sizing, Metalllcs (for i. . 

ng I'lusliet. Frosting Diamond Duat, ete, 

lutdts, Alphabets, Copy Book for self Instruction, Practice Paper, * 

SEM> I'tHl I* III CE- I.I ST. 



Spencerian Vertical Writing 

Common Srhool Tourar. kIx iiiimbpra. prr <lozrn 80.96 

Shorter fonri.!-. neTcn ppr Anii-n 7!i 

The latest Vprtical Copy Books ]mblishe<l. Ther tearh writing not drawinR. The 
niuscnlar arm movement, properly tau^^ht as in these books, prtnlnces Vertical 
script forms easily, rapidly and vnth a niaxiuinni of legibility. The copies are fnlljr 
up to the well-kno'mi Spencerian standard of beanty. are marvels of simplicity and 
are easily the best models yet produced to iiisnre a jjood vertical hand-writing. 

Pitman System of Phonography 

111 NOKH.VN 1". IIEFFI.EV, ! 

lis : 
Ihr ill- 

oklyii. N. V. 

u(l Utr«rlor of 

■ ■■ i'riri-. 

SI. -2.1. 

A complete manual for class use or for self instruction. Based on the Pitman sya- 
tcm. it embodies all the improvements of recent years in the manner of teaching the 
subject, and contains in a simplified and systematic form a thorough explanation of 
all the principles, word-signs and contractions required for reporting. 

Bookn Hem i>repnifl. In any ndilrenM on rt'i-eipl of pi-ireH, ^ <'nrrt.M»on,len€e 



420 W. Main St., - Louisville, Ky. 

Conducted by Public Accountants and Auditor*. 

Open for young men who desire to become thorough and practical book-keepers. 

Book-keeping thoroughly and urairttcallv t'»in:ht, as books ure kept lu business life, by oxoerlencert book- 
keepers and accountants, aud not by theoretlcil men. No Text Books. No ClasMes. Indlviaual lustnicUoa. 

TIVO COURSES: > > The Book-keepers' Course, and the Axicountants' Cotuic 

VoiinK men whn Mrslre to study In a practl<-;il inanntT, iimler rompett'iit In-ttnu'topH. have evi-ry fnclllty 
for iicti'ilriiiK a kiiowl.-ilKe of books a "' " ' 

1 booka ( 


r of pupils Itmlteil. All applicants 

' i»)lneits. 

of bu»)lneits. 

,A.:eLiEJ "X'oxj -A- ^ooi5Lii::H3Eir»:E3H7 

l; |.!n ■■ ^- IUrhexn|ftln»8a 

. I . lrl;.l fi.ilanceiw 

les which locale the errors In any ledger or nuriibiT- ->i i. u. i r i i.ivcs siH-tiniinl 

so as to locate errors In Sales I . Jir. i i i i i i ' .■■iirra' l.c-iluer 

■redlt entry, atidjn whu-h ledgi-i 

nding us better rul 

( Mabley St Carew Co , Clnelnnatl. O. 
• Arthur Jordan, hullnuapolls. Ind. 
' Mammoth Shoe & Clothing Co., Louisville. R>. 

proof methods of arranging ledger.*! 
and how t« tell whether a debit or c 
and methods of averaging 


Address L. COMINGOR, Manager, 

BRANCH OFFICE. 1267 Broadway, NEW YORK. American Coundng Room. LOUISVILLE. KY. 


Vo Jarring, Jerking or Soiling the Fingers. Fitted with the Finest quality 14k, Gold Pens, Will last a lifetime. 


Plain Barrel. Undprfeed, Price, $5.00. 

In offeriiii; the Parker Pen we do it with the fullest confidence that it will do all that is claimed for it. and we 
^v.-^rrant it to give satisfaction to everv purchaser or refund the money. 

The Parter is abst>lntely reliable in its Feed. Never soils the fingers when next used after the pen has 
been carried in the pocket, iWeanse of the Curved. Tabular Feed, which positively prevents all danger of over- 
ilow of ink in the cap. No other Fountain Pen made has. or can use this valuable improvement, without in- 
friuging. The Parker is nsetl and sold in many of the largest and best known business colleges and shorthand 
H'bools of the countrv. We want to establishan agency in every such school where we are not now represented. 
We also want agents ui every summer school and Teacher's Institute, and to our agents we allow the most liberal 
discoTiuts and easv terms. It will p^v von to write us to-dav for our beautifuUv illustrated catalogue and full 
information, which will be cheerfully sent. THE PARKER PEN CO.. 106 Hill St., Janesville. Wis, 

Without exception the Oeo. S. Parker In the l>eMt Fountain 
Pen I have ever seen. It's the Pen I've been looking for these 
twenty years. Yours truly. 

Troy. S. Y., Feb. 0. 'fifl. Rev. T. P. Sawiji. 

I use the Parker Fountain Pen and prefer It to any Fountain 

Pen made, and I have tried them all (a:4an expert stimographer). 
Boston. Frank Hakkih' 


THE feature which distinguishes GINN & COM- 
WRITING BOOKS from all others and 
makes them the most practical is apparent to even 
a superficial observer. It is, as its name suggests, 
distinctively a round-hand wriling. 

Heretofore the objection to vertical penmanship 
has]|been that it could not be written rapidly. These 
copies are made so as to be reproduced with a good 
degree of speed, thus making vertical writing meet 
thejidemands of business. No other books give such 

Ginn & Company's Vertical Writing books present 
an open, round hand-writing, which, when written, 
will produce the greatest legibility, as well as add to 
the beauty and general openness of the page. 

We know that you will be pleased with the typo- 
graphical appearance of these books. They are cer- 
tainly striking examples of what can be done by the 
printer and the engraver. Write to us for descriptive 
circulars. The price for introduction is 96 cents per 
dozen. We invite your correspondence. 

GINN cSl company. Publishers, 
Boston, New York, Chicago, Atlanta. 

If you take pains to learn - - - - 
the experience of users of the 


"Tue Standard" 








Is the thinjj by which others are compared and tested. 

^^ Remington 

Is, and always has been, the Criterion of Excellence for Writine- 

The O I Y New 

Number ^3 I W Model 

Is the latest mark of progress set for others to aim at. 


327 Broadway, New York. 


Send for our latest Booklet, Catalogue 
and Paper Sample Book 

237 Broadway, New York. 




Commercial Teachers ^ Others. 

The wide adoption of the Sadler System 
has created a demand for teachers who 
are familiar with 

Bookkeepers and Office Practice. 

We have applications beyond the supply, 
and well trained teachers are in'demand. 

To meet this demand there will be a 
special training course for teachers at 

SADLER'S Bryant & Stratton College, 


beginning each Monday, during June, 
July and August. 

For terms and particulars call on or address 

F. A. SADLER, Secy. W. H. SADLER, Prest. 

2 to J2 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 


Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 

2488 ciiYSTAr. ave , Baltimore, md. 

nnvp You Mitfitfrvtt Tlirnt- Potttts y 

44, —In the five provions lessons it has been my 
aim to give a course of training tbat will cause you 
to have a good general movement, the ability to 
move the hand and pen from left to right easily and 
gracefully, the ability to use the hinge action, or to 
move the hand in the direction followed in making 
loop letters, and the ability to use this movement 
in making all the small letters singly and in com- 
binations with ease and a fair degree of accuracy. 
If you have followed the lessons carefully and 
faitiifnlly. I have reason to expect that you have 
gained the above ability. If you have gained suf- 
ficient control of your movement to form the small 
letters you will find little difficulty in the work to 

Tlir Cnpllalii. 

45. —In this lesson we begin the capitals by giv- 
ing attention to the direct oval group of letters. 
Use only pure mu.scular (forearm) movement in 
niaking capitals. Any attempt at using finger ac- 
tion in capitals detracts from the smooth, grace- 
ful appearance they should have. Learn to make 
Mnnll capitals. Why do persons persist in making 
large capitals V It must just be a habit brought 
about through a misconception of what is really 
practical. Does not a great large capital detract 
from the beauty of an otherwise neatly written 
page V Is it any more legible because it is large ? 
Can you make it any more rapidly than yon could 
one half as lai-ge ? While studying the form of a 
letter did you ever think about its size ? Let us 
learn to make the letters one by one, then work 
them down to neat, small capitals. 

I'l-i'ptiratovt/ J-^JrcrclfeM. 

, **V"~^" ^°- ^ "■'' '"'™ *^« foundation for 
this les,son. These letters are based on the direct 
oval. Learn to make it TO»/i,?. Don't make it look 
as though it had been round and before it matured 
It had been stretched out of shape. Learn to finish 
No. 1 with a short turn at top as indicated, then 
take 11]) No. 2 and practice it until von can make 
four or five circular exercises, roiiml. and pass 
from one to the other with a strong regular stroke, 
hollow by working freely on exercises 3 and 4 until 
you can make O's rapidly and smootWv. Be sure 
they are round and 3nished with a short turn at the 

The r. 

4 7. -Before working on C study the top as given 
in No .i carefully. There you have the difficult 
part of tliis letter. It is not verv dilficult ; it is 
because you ,1,,,,-t ,„■<• it rigid. Don't let the loop 
come down over half the height of the letter. Be 
sure to get them round. Don't get a point at 
the bjttom. Make them singlv until vou get 
pretty good form-first large, then reduce them— 
then make a movement exercise of them by join- 
ing them as in No 6. Make first letter" same 
a.s when making them singly and finish by carrxing 
the line up to full height of letter, make a slight 
pressure of the pen, swing over to the left and fin- 
ish as usual You may count !-•> for;each'letter and 
go rapidly. Make full linss as in No. 15." 

NEW YORK, JUNE, 1896. 

48. — Before taking up E work freely on an oval 
or circle with a loop in the left side about half its 
height. This is to get so you make the letter of 
two full left curves, thereby making the loop 
prominent. Do you ever study script capitals to 
see what part of the script letter represents a cor- 
responding part of the printed letter '? Take E and 
try ;it. Make the letter by making a dot at the 


same. Notice that the D touches the base line in 
two places. The first stroke is a short compound 
curve. Finish with a short turn at the top. You 
should soon become able to turn oft whole lines of 
No. 12 without lifting the pen. Practice freely on 
No. 13. See if you can make it neatly. It serves ii" 
a good test of your control of movement. No. Hi 
will test your ability pretty well also. Spend a good 
deal of time on this lesson, as it serves as a founds - 


YCy&cycyOtycyo- \ 


top. then two swings to the left and finish as in C 
When you gain a fair degree of ability on the single 
letter make an exercise of it as in No. 9. The C 
and E may be finished like a large figure 6, as indi- 
cated in Nos. 10 and 14. I usually use these styles 
when they are not to be joined to the letter fol- 

The A. 

4S>. — The *4 is made very much like small a only 
some larger, and is left open at the top. The 
usual fault in this letter is the habit of forming a 
point or comer at the base where it should be 
round. Notice the two ways of finishing. Learn 
both. I usually use the former style when it is to 
stand alone ; the latter, when joined to a word. 
Get so you can turn oflE No. 11 rapidly. 

50. — Notice the similarity between O and /). 
The difference is in the beginning. They finish the 

tion for what is to follow. Don't forget your sptci- 
men book. 


3 a linlit toHfh to yclur 

doubt but that y-u 

K<>ud writer. JlakeasAor' 

ju finish Tour f'sand^/'sand 

of fi on thv ham Una. Work for more uniformity. 

F. D. W.. Cedarvdle, Pa. : P. N. G„ Def.orah, la.— Your 
movement indicates freedom, but you|lack accuracy in the 
formation of letters. This should not discourage you, as all 
bejicinners experience the same dlfl3culty. Yon could be very 
much benefited by workinn faithfully on February leenon, 
as those are the exercises that will helj) you secure accnra<-y. 
For instance, can you t<lide off a page ot accurately foriru-d 

en if it does take i 

January exerciHes till you get n 
ment. Don't feel that you ar 
mastering the first principles, e 
than you anticipated. 
C. C. M., Le Mars.-Get bette 

f'.et so you can make from six 
etters without liftintf the pen, 
J. K. S., Taylor's Island.— Your work on March and April 

^ ^ 





R F. 
airy Ir 

K^enmoA^ QytiC' oJ^^aoiaCP 

foct tbi 

neA Dearer my! ideal than any of your previous 
You have reduced the size of your writinR some 

lore accura'-y and neatnesa. Send me more of your 
^rttint; next time. 

W.. For8l>y, X. Dak.— You have not mastered the Jan- 
■K<u)ii. con84--gueDtIy you should not take up the Fehrn- 
.■win yet. You cannot succped if yon try to pas« from 
t»on to the next bi^fore you have made a decided )m- 
r)(>nt on it. Read the instmctions carefully. 
, R.. Annex. Va.— I have no fault to find in your work, 
have followed ttio instructions faithfully. Thanks 
ir oxpreH8ton of appre<.'iatioD. 

Onanco<.'k. Va.— For neatness and accuracy your 

montf the Ix-Ht 1 have received. (;'>nftldehng the 

rapidly that you may get i 

streoRth in your 

Q. K. B,— Work on January lesson very good indeed. Now, 
if you will follow mytrourHc. lHs.Hon l»v lenson. and get each 
one aM good as you have started on the January work success 

P. H. H.. KairweatlKT. III.— Your work Is very good My 
only crlticiBm tn on vour loops. You lift your pen on every 
down stroke, which 1h all right for a professional or an orna- 
but' ■ 

- - -Bix, 

Don*t mako your ih'h so wide. 

J. K. O. B.. BoHton. —Your work on April lesson is up to the 
mark. Your 8 /'s. 6 A's. 5 /c'aand 5 /i's without lifting the pen 
iH indicative of a good, well controlled movement. I do not 
riMiuIro more. 

J. W. McO.. Baltimore.— Your work shows improvement, 
bnt you use too much flnger action in vour writing. Your 
hand does not glide across the paper easily enough. Work a 
ffroat deal on January and February lessons, (iet a bolder 
movement. Always read the instructions carefully before 

K. H, C , Ebensburg. Pa.— Your work on the upper loops is 
vorygood. .Shorten them a Jittle. get round turn at top of 
loop, and get the crossing of loop nearer base line. Work 
for uniformity. 

C. E. R.. Montreal. Canada.— Your work indicates that 
you have a light free movement, the foundation for good 
writing. Make ii (closer study of the forms of the individual 
lottors. Don't try to writ^? too rapidly. Move the pen 

Kh to produce smootb. graceful lines, but slowly 

"1 good form is established, 

lower loops a little. 

rapldl. ^„ _„ , .,.^„ „„ 

onongb to form letters well 

thon work for speed. Shorten y 

bring the crossing up to the line, and avoid making them 
pointed where the turn should be. Study the line between 
tho « and n in the word i/oung. 


Buninoss writinB in the kind of writing which is best 
Bilaptod ta business purposes, and should be devoid of 
sliade, superfluous lines and everj'thing not conducive to 
speed, ease, and legibility. Business writing need not 
necessarily be ugly, but that beauty is one of its principal 
facts u a delusion and a force. It must be legible, and it 
most be written rapidly, easily, and without thinking 
much about it, so as to give your mind full liberty to 
think of tho subject matter. One cannot write an es=ay 
while thinking all the time of bis penmanship : nor a 
poem while putting all his mental and physical efforts in 
the letters he is forming with the pen. There has been 
much deception in regard to true business writing by 
teachers, both in the teaching and execution. 

A writing teacher would practice carefully upon some 
form or letter and copy and recopy, and then select the 
very best of his work and send it to a i.enman's paper 
as a sample of his everyday business writing, executed 
at a high rate of speed. 

Legibility and rapidity are the chief essentials of busi- 
ness writing. 

The legibility depends largely upon the uniformity and 
distinctness with which the characters are formed due 
regard being had to the spacing between lines. 

Rapidity is another essential element to be considered 
and 18 nearly as importimt as legibility. To write rapidly 
and at tho same time not lose the legibility of the writing 
IS what requires practice and skill, as ease and dispatch 
with which writing cm be done adds greatly to the value 
of the art. 

Thechief object of the teacher of writing should be to 
give Uie pupil tho very best possible handwriting for 
general business purposes. 

As form and speed are antagonistic, we must harmon ■ two essentials by producing a medium between 
them ; we c«unot hope to write with a high rate of speed 
and get the forms absolutely perfect : but we must so 
write as to get a high rate of speed together with a reason- 
able degree of accuracy m the forms ; or in other words 
get a happy medium between perfect forms and lightning 
speed, and then we have the true position on which busi- 
ness wnting IS based. The extremes would be form with- 
out spiwl and speed without form ; neither one of which 
could be used iu the business world, as Ugibihh, and 
sprril are the two essentials attached to writing such as 
is deiuauiled by the business men of their employees 

The young man or lady seeking employment as a bcok- 


keeper or clerk should Dot even hope to Eccure employ- 
ment U they cannot -write an easy, simple, rapid, legible 
hand, when it is within the reach of all. The time has 
passsed when young men were taken into the office to be 
taught writing and bookkeeping. This is an age of steam 
and electticity ; progress aud competition are its watch- 

THE SMALL "r*' AND *' s. 


No other letters in the alphabet offer the same difEcul- 
ties to anything like a scientific analysis that we find in 
the small /■ aud .v. In height, shape, and slant they are 

In considering them, however, the following peculiari- 
ties at once attract our notice. The up stroke rises at a 
steeper slant and with a more pronounced right curve 
than in any other short letters. The point of the .s- and 
"shoulder" of the r stand above the tops of the ctber 
short letters. The "shoulder" of the v is really a left 
curve, drawn so that its general direction is vertical from 
the top of the letter to a point slightly under one space 
from the base hne where it joins the principal down 
stroke of the letter, which is on the main slant. 




The down stroke of the .•* retraces at the top'sufficiently 
to form an extremely sharp point, separates from the up 
stroke at what would be the head line of the other shoit 
letters, and starts almost vertically downward with a 
graceful curved line which sweeps under to the left until 
it reftts on the base line, frcm which it curves npward, 
finishing on the up strobe with a dot. In doing careful 
work, I usually lift my pen at the dot and make the labt 
up stroke from the point where the down stroke touches 
the ruling instead of retracing from the dot mentioned 
above. In rapid business writing this is not practicable 
and any one who is careful can learn to make the letter 
without lifting the pen. 

In the word rnmar in the copy please notice the com- 
bination of o and ;■, giv'ng close attention to the curve of 
the connecting line. Also in the word omuiv notice the 
combination of o and .v, and especially the finish of the x. 
In practicing this copy, or for that matter any other, 
criticise your own work unsparingly. Study your copy 
closely until you have the correct idea clearly fixed in your 
mind. Fretiuently shut your eyes and see if you can re- 
call the correct form of the letter, remembering that the 
hand never surpasses the image formed in the brain, and 
if the hand would actjuire skill the brain must actjuire 
knowledge, and then train the hand by unstinted jtractice. 
In writing the copy for the foregoing lesson I used the 
muscular movement only, and believe it to be amply ac- 
curate if well trained for any line of penmanship, though 
I usually allow a little finger movement in loop letters. 



Brown tof the firm of Brown & Jones): " Why did you 
countermund your order for those fountain pens > " 

Jones • ■• The agent took down my order with a lead 
pencil."— i*ucA-. 

Quite a number of penmen and teachers have 
answered the following questions asked by The 


1. ta) What do you cooslder the essentials of a good hand- 
w-ritlnft r I Name them in tho order of lmport«nce. ) 

ihi Name, in what you consldor the order of importance, 
the efMt«>ntia'. teaching iK>iniH to keep in mind to produce a 
good handwriting. I Ah poMition. xpeed, movrment. etc.* 

2. Oive your deflnition of muttcular or forearm movement. 
'ri Name and give reasons for the best position of: 

la) Body. 
ib) Hand and pen. 

I. Name the Ixist mo\*ement and Rive your reasons. 

Penman's Art Journal. 

The object of getting replies tu these questions is 
to discover if there is a unaniniit>' of opinion about important points, and in this condensed form 
give the public the experience of Houieof our leading 
teachers. We have a lar^e number of replies in type 
and they will be printed as rapidly as we can find 
space for them. 

From the KanjiitM Statr Xortnal School. 

CRseutialH of a ttood handwriting to 
ind boBUiv. Art to order of impor- 
( of good handirritiny that does not 
poHHosA tnum an. 

I b» In the precediujf <iuo8tion it is dlQlcuit to say whether 
thu wel> or the woof is the more essentia) part of the fabric, 
MdlnthiHit is ditncult to determine which rein is of more 
importance to tho driver of the fractious horse. As a 
teacher of teachers, however. I Hnd it advisable to lay the 
groatost stress upon the moji'mt-nt, toUowinii with position, 
spited and form, and It Is my biilief that this is the proper 
order u( nniiiirtriii. (. forthe Kreat mass of teuciiers. althouKh 
cerse it. Correct Dosition and 
1 of all t 

thi-..ul... wl a 

•i ta) Body ynuur<'ly to tho front, erect or sl'ghtly bent for- 
ward, and feet flat upon the floor : both armn upon the desk, 
formlnR antileH of 4& defiroes with the front of tQe desk : 
welifht of body thrown upon left arm if anywhere ; head 
turned neither to riKht nor left ; paper with lines at right 
antfles to axis of forearm ; paper held with the lutt hand and 
adjusted by It to the demands of the rtuht. etc. 

0») Hand with muscles and nerves at rest and not strunn 
up like tlu- siiiiit:^ f" a vntim ; tluril and fourth finsers 
curv.M ,n i, , :n,.l i.--iih..' -11 ii;i K . v, rist not necessttvily flat 
uii t..|> ' , ■' ', . ' ' , I,,! I,.,, , ■ t.inii paper : penholder ■ r, ! with first flnner on 

t(»pin. ■ I !,;: I ) lilt of pen. depending 

Upnii II- i-.'l ,\ , I ;ui.l ] ■■ 1 1 li ■ .Mit pasSinK lU frODt. 

at. or lirtck ol' tlif iiiucklf tiii\ whrre to pet the ao^le ot 
least resistance. Too pen js held in the hand so that in 
downward strokes the nails will press scjuarely upon the 

It • 

is III. 


ilu' fore 

should ct-rtuiuly teach tlu; idcfU m wntiUK us we do m 
morals. Circumstances cause lying, stealiUR. etc.. in the 
moral realm, and so in tho tcintidom of the penman we must 
expect to depart from the hiRhest and best occasionally, be- 
cause of Imd conditions. The teschinK of tue latter, how- 
ever, is as incapahlo ot defense as the former. 
^ \V, c. Stevenson. 

Dopt. of Penmanship and Bnokkeeplnu, Konsas State Nor- 
mal School, Emporia, Kansas. 

From Away Dotrn in iHjrie. 

1. la) LeKlhility. rapidity and adaptability. 

(h> Positinn, dotp^rmination, application. These are the 
foun-fiif'-m -f M-'- vhi.-h the student must have His first 

activ.' . !! I I mm.i I'THtandiiiK and poHsessin^ llie above, 

isiHM\. 11' :i, ;m, ml reference to gotlinK every muscle 
looN.-n. 1 , ; - ' -linulder down. 

Sixoii.i I ii. iippih ition of free movement to the study and 

Third, speed. 

2. The whole arm movement, with the arm resting on the 
larise muscle of the toroarm as a pivotal point. 

'A. (a* Front position with both arms on desk alike. Chest 
about two inches from desk. Bjuk Btraight. Body bending 
at tho hips. Head bowed sliKhtlv. Because this position in- 
terferes the least with the circulation, and can be held the 
lunitest without fatisue or detriment to muscular tissue. 

ib» Position of hand de|)ends somewhat upon the anatomv 
of the individual. The hand ordinarily slides on tips of 
OnKor nails or joint of little finner. The holder may point 
anywhere l)etweeu shoulder and elbow and pans immediately 
in front or tielow the knurkle of the first flnRer. 

4. Refer t« A. P. Root's article— on movement (in July, 
ism, number). t*. W. Harman. 

Cniversity School, New Orleans, l*a. 
Whrre Ityrnr Stand*. 

1. tat Ease of execution : legibility ; rapidity. 

(b^ Position which develoi>s ease and control : gradation 
or copies; movemeut ; speed. 

3. The body resting on the left n . .„ 

stlghtlv over the edge of the desk to allow the i 
on the ball of the muscle. The hand and arm moving on the 
muscle OS a pivotal rest, the motion coming from the shoul- 
der. The band resting flatty on the nails of tht^ third and 
fourth fingers : a slight sympathetic motion of first joints 
of the thumb, index and second fingers to aid the writing 
motion of the arm, to relieve the stiff api>earance of the 
written page. 

3. lai Pront and upright position with the arms spread on 
the desk in the natural position, which is at nearlv right an- 
gles, pointed directly in front. 

lb) Hand turned to tho natural rest, resting flativ on nails 
o( the third and fourth Angers: corner of wrist "touching 
\>ai>er and sliding over it ; penholder resting against the 

: the right arm brought 

Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 


Thia department is open to all teachers who desire to show, liy example, what they think business 
writing is. Some particular principle, a few letters or a few hues are best mediums of conveying your idea 

of bosinesa writing. 






second finger, held by the thumb and index finger about 1 

inch from the point of the pen ; the holder resting slightly 
below the knuckle. 

■*. Forearm as defined above, because it gives a more per- 
fect rest, an easier, natural and swinging motion and intro- 
duces a softer expression to the letter forms. 

1. (a) 1st. Legibility. 2d. Ease of execution. 3d. Sipeed. 

(b) 1st. High grade copies executed before the pupil. 2d. 

Proper position. :kl. Proper explanation of movement and 


3. la) Body, sit facing the desk, elbows just off the edge of 
table <tr desk, left side just a little nearer than the right ; 
just a trifle more weight on the left arm than on the right : 
weight of the body should rest on the hips : body should not 
touch desk ; feet squarely on the floor, and left foot slightly 
in advance of the right. 

I have found that this position gives more freedom and 
power in execution and also in respiration .than any other I 

(ii) Hand and pen. Hand should rest on the nails of the 
third and fourth fingers, all the back knuckles in sight. 

Pen should rest between first and second fingers and the 
thumb, crossing second flneer at the first joint and the band 
one-half inch back of the first knuckle ; first finjier, gently 
curved, should rest on top of holder : upper side of the 
thumb, between ball and end. should rest on side of holder 
opposite first joint of forefinger. 

■ " " ' " gives more freedom 

_and I have used. Fo _ . _ _ _ , 

the forearm movement with as much of the lateral or hinge 

I might fill pages telling why I have adnji 

Jirother Jieacotn IHsea to Erplnln. 

1. (a) Materials, position, and movement, (b) Position, 
movement and speed. 

2. Teohni<-ally. muscular movement i-* that movement 
which brings into action any of th« musclfs of the arm. 
shoulder or hand. Forearm movement is that movement 
produced bv rolling the arm on the thick part of the fore- 

taught, is the 

nnsctilur " movement, as it is generally 
i the forearm movement. 
.- _ Direct front. 'Tis the most natural, enables the el- 
bow to drop off the edge of the desk, so as to allow forearm 
to roll with greater ease and control. (b» Natural, drawing 
third and fourth fingers iiack so as to allow the hand t 

4. Combined— forearm and finger— movement, attaina 
greater accuracy and speed. However, I think it well for a 
beginner to confine his movement almost entirelyjo the 
" forearm " motion until he has fair control of the 




The Journars Public School Competition. 

If any one thinks it is an easy task to act as jadge 
in a writing competition where thousands of speci- 
mens are submitted, be wouW likely have changed 
his mind had he seen the judges in The Journal's 
Public School.Writing CompeHtion at work. 

After careful comparison of the work submitted 
by supervisors and special teachers in the various 
public schools, the judges have made the following 
awards ; 

I'ir»t iiratte. 

ifVr»(.— Edith Anderson, at^e 7. Oquirrh Schooi. Salt .Lake 
City. Utah. 

^erwiid.— Ethel Green, age 7. Council Bluffs. Iowa. 

Witrihy of Honorable Mention: John Davis, age 7, Pope 
Ht;hool. Mf-mphia. Tenn. : Leslie i CoBtes. age:7. |UiRh 
Stroet School. Lockport. N. Y. ; Lillen May .'.age 7. Cincin. 

nati, O. 

Second Oraae, 

Fir*/.— Hallie Cummlngs. age 8, Lowell School, Salt Lake 

City. Utah. 
Scrwnd.— Hilda Clements, age 8. Baxter School. Richmond. 

Worthy of Honorable Menti'nn : Bessie Chaplin, age 8. High 

Street School, Lockport, N. Y. \ Isabelle..Levi, age 8, Cin- 

(xnnati, O. 

Third Grade, 

T^jrHf,— Tillie Thomas, age 8, Waabington School. Salt Lake 
City. Utah. 

.Seeoiirf.— Gertrude Schmidt, ago 8. Twelfth District, Day- 
ton, O. 

Worthy of Ifonorahh- \feniion : Burt Johnson, age 9, Baxter 
School. Hichmond, Ind. ; Minnie Murrell, age if, Merrill 
School, Memphis, Tenn.; Brownie Mather, age |(l. Council 
Bluffs. la. ; Florence Heeman, agell, Cincinnati, O. ; Helen 
E. Hays, age II, CrawfordsviUe. Ind. 
Fourth <ira4Xe, 

Firnt —Judith Andor.son, age 10. Oquirrh School, Salt Lake 
City. Utah. 

Second. — Besaie Bailey, age 10, Loath School, Memphis, 

Worthy of Honorable Mention: Mamie Fowler, age 10. High 

Street School, Lockport, N. Y. ; Georgia Barrell, age 10, 

Malta, O. ; Pearl Veregge, age 10. Flnley School. Richmond, 

Ind. ; John Hughes, age 8, Bellows Falls, Vt. 

Fifth Grade. 

ndale. age 11, Oquirrh School, Salt 

, ago 11, Hibberd School, Richmond, 

J''/rji/.— Raymond Lov 
LEike City, Utah. 

Ncro»rf.— Martha Mill 

Worthy of Honorable Mention : Lena Eubler, ago 11, Pea- 
body School. Memphis, Tenn. ; Willie Serf, age 11, School 
•). Elizabeth, N. J. ; Laila Hannigan.age 11, Central School, 
Ionia. Mich. ; Isabel H. Burna, ago 10. Foss School, Saco, 
Mo.; Ethel Crist. Crawfordsville, Ind. 

StjTth Grade. 

^^ir;if.— Georgia Ross, age 12, Central School, Ionia, Mich. 

.svcourf.— George Borgmann, age 12. Cincinnati, O. 

Worthy of Honorable Mention: Marlow L. Cummings, aire 
11, Lowell School, Salt Lake Citv. Utah ; Louise Boyd, age 
11. Cambridge City. Ind. ; Blanche Pattersori. age 12, Coun- 
cil Bluffs. In. ; Gordon Graves, age II, Warner School, 
Richmond, lud. 

Smtettth Grade. 

Fir. St.. 

Second. - 

Worthy of Hanurnt,U Mention: Nellie E. Sutton, age 12, 
Hamilton School. Salt Lake City, Utah ; Bessie Inman. age 
i;j. Central School, Ionia. Wioh.; Elsie Hinte. School 1, Eliza- 
beth. N. J. ; Margaret Ryder, age U. Bellows Palls. Vt.; 
tMara Folken. ago i:i. Cincinnati, O. ; Edward Hutchinson, 
ago i;J, Crawrordsville, Ind. 

Kighth tirade. 

Mr.t/.-Etta Ben, 

.sVroHf/.— Nellie 
City, Utah. 

Worthy of Honorable Mention : Ruth Scheeley, agelU, Gar- 
flold School, Richmond. Ind. ; Bessie Hills, ago 14. Central 
School. Ionia, Mich. ; Nettie Zimmerman, age 14. Junc- 
tion City, Kans. ; Ruth Peter^. ago 14,\Cincinnati, O. 
A'*«f/i Grade. 

Firsr— Maude Myers, age 1.5. Middle Street School, Saco. Me. 

Sf-coHrf.— Etta McDonald, age 14, Bellows Falls. Vt. 
ntgh School. 

FiVs/.-Nellie B. Hight. ago 17. Thornton Academy. Saco. Me. 

Second —Coral Clark, age 16. Malta. O. w» 

Worthy of Honorable Mention : Jennie Hill, age Vi. Rich- 
mond, lud. ; Lucy Wilkinson, age 14. Leath School. Mem- 
phis. Tenn. 

Supervisors* Certificates. 

^>sr.-Mis<t Mav V. Cavanaugh, Salt Lake City, Utah (Ave 

'"first grade and one'second graded 

SrmiuJ.-Miss Anna M. Hall. Malta. O. ithree first grade). 

Third.— W. S. Hiser. Richmond. Ind. (three second grade). 

The Joi'RNAL is well pleased with the competi- 
tion and we hope those who took part will be satis- 
fied with the results and the awards made. 


SaXL LoJkxy CxXyu/, ^IXLouhy. 

^4uj/LmnyY\y ub oucKjuiAJUALJinAxiy 
SiyyLukjJ) urry^yvYhb tx) JLXxXy. 



We notice that many supervisors of national repu- 
tation, and who at conventions and by means of ar- 
ticles have told their less experienced brethren how 
writing should be conducted in public schools, were 
not represented in the competition. Whether it was 
because many of these supervisors felt that their 
practicing would not equal their preaching or from 
lack of interest we do not know, but either reason 
is not creditable to them. 

One supervisor wrote that if the judges were busi- 
ness college men he did not care to submit speci- 
mens of his pupils' work, but if public school men 
were to sit in .iudgment he would have no fear for 
the results. He said that he noticed in the past 
that rapid, coarse pen, unshaded work seemed to 
have the preference and that as some of his work 
that was written with a fine pen, was shaded and 

flourished, consequently he did not like to enter it 
to be judged by coarse-pen business writing stand- 

Three things were kept in mind by the judges : 
1, legibility ; 3, movement ; 3. speed. We don't 
see how any one can object to have writing judged 
by the-ie standards. G-ood writing is good writing 
and there can't be much diversity of opinion about 
it. Writing executed with fine pens, pale ink. little 
"dumpy" shades, with finger movement, flour- 
ishes and " curliques " cannot be put in the same 
class with unshaded, rapid, coarse-pen, strong line, 
vigorous Imsiuess writing. 

AH grades of work were represented — some good, 
some bad, some indifferent. The majority of speci- 
mens, however, were excellent samples of what 
public school writing should be. 

%cJUj S-^W' CA_,trvK XaJLcJI' 


y\r^O^,\ \SSb 

Y' ■ 







Thk Journal is proad of tbs interest shown and 
hopei that next year fire times as many contestants 
will be enrolled. 

— A^ain the lady SDpervls7r« carry off the honors. 

~ Mii<4 CaranaDgh'd stadents when not awarded first or 
SBronrl prizes were always in the " HoDorahle Mention " 
clasH. she wriUjs us that these papiis have lieen asin^ ver- 
tinal wntlnff hat seven months. 

- The vertical writers make a l>etter showing in the 
lower ^rade4 than the slant writers, bat were not so strong 
in lheu|;]i«rfiradefl. where the slant writers exccHed )*e<aa£e 
of their speed and movement. Not only was the vertical 
wrltintf more ie/ihle than the slant writing, bat the writers 
s-* ^m-^i to have a hotter conception of form. 

- The total number of names mentioned among the prize 
winners and in the honorable mentions was fifty-four. Of 
(his nnmlier i'i were Kirls. 12 were )x)ys-tbe girisontnam- 
borioif the boys nearly four to one. 

— This same state of affairs has Ijeen noticed in other con- 
tests anrl has been commented on by various supervisors. 
Yet. no satisfactory explanation hoa lieen given. In normal 

hwils. business colleges and other places where co-educa- 

young n 
■o conditii 

Ohio. Anna M. Hall. Super. : Saco. Maine. A. k. Mer- 
rill. Hiii>er. : Cambridge City, Ind., Ben. H. Hlser. Super. : 
Bonton Harlwr. Mich., M. Fronia Whitehead. Super. : 
Ionia, Mich.. W. D Chamberlain. Super. ; Coal Valley, Dl.. 

..I.,,. — , „..^,^ „_,_ „ .,.. ,. . Ricnard Whalcn. 

nper. : Salt Lake 

- -- . Crawfordeviile, 

. M. Starr, Super. ; Memphis. Tenn.. L. D. Scott, 
Hupor.; Council Bluffs, la.. Harriett Blood, Super. : Junction 
City. Kans.. Jesse N iSngio. Prin. ; Cincinnati. Ohio, H. 
Cbamplin, Super. ; Bellows F:ille, Vt., E. J. Plnntier. Soper. 
— One package of specimens sabmttted contained no mark 
to show the name of th_e city or supervisor. The specimens 

words and sentence writing, etc., all good. 

— Wo do not have space to enter into a lilt uN'rl .ritirism 
on the specimens submitted from oacli i it\ f.iil ii- -.t;it(jd 
before, the work us a whole is most iToiiii:il.l' .mkI -liuws 
that the supervisors in our American iiNhli. kriDw 
what business men want for business writiiiK. iiiiil arc train- 
ing the pupils to write u business hand to meet the demand. 

— TllK JouilNAl. expects to have another similar contest 
next year, and wo hope that all supervisors will begin now 
so that each and every one In the United States and Canada 
may enlist. 

— One ](ecullar feature of this contest was that there was 
not a single entry from Canada. 

— The majority of the cities represented in this contest use 
(tie poorest ink our eyes have evor looked upon. It is a dis- 
LTuiTO to re([Uiro pupils to write with such a pale, watery ar- 


I.KSSDNS l-Oll PlltST (iUAI>E. 

■ ■osiiioii iMwl i'mins I With Physical Drills I'rennra. 
lory for .Movenirnl, 



No. it. 

»,c«»o.i //. 

Oiilliiu' ; Review Lesson I, Position of the wrist. 
Tlio class answers in concert. Which way does 
the pencil point in the groove'! How do yoii 
pht e yonr paper on the desk V What do you 
(■all this V Hiind rest. What do you call this v 
Ann rest. Both hands up. Down on the front 
edge place both arm rests. Pliysical drill as m 
Lesson I, Ask questions on the position of pencil 
in hand. The class answers and acta at the same 
time. Go around the room once, fixing pencils 
where necessary. Take a long ruler, place your 
arm upon it. Have some one slip a short ruler un- 
der the wrist, and hold it there while you imitate 
rain, by tapping with the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers. The cl.tss slip left hand under their 
wrists and also tap with the hand rest. The short 
ruler is taken away and the class remo\ e left hands. 
Of what does the wrist remind you. now v 

Look undtr mine. Look under yonr own. How 
many rests has a bridge V One on each side of 
the water. What have you » The arm rest and 
hand rest and the wrist make a bridge level enough 
to walk on. 

You must also illustrate on the blackboard, and 
go around the room, slipping your ruler under each 
wrist, and making each arm rest and hand rest 
touch the desk. 

l.nao„ tit. 

Outline : .\,'tlon of the hand rest. First and second fingers 
hold the pencil. l>hysical drill. Eilipti.-al answers. 

Ask them abont the way horses kneel or lie d<iwn 
in the stall. Show me the third and fourth Bngers. 
Stand them in the palm of the left hand There are 
the horses frout legs. Make them kneel down and 
get np. Count as they practice the motion. Trv 


it on the desk. Count "down, np. " Take up the 
pencil and hold it between first and second fingers 
alone. To do this, turn the first finger a little to 
the left side. Then place thumb lightly on for a 
brace. Right arm straight out in front and point 
ing pencil to the shoulder. You remind me of 
soldiers ready to shoot. Lower the arm until arm 
rest and hand rest touch desk. Make the hand 
rest kneel down and get up. Lay down pencil 
In order. Review previous lessons in this manner. 

The pencil in groove points to the . The paper 

is . The left hand touches pencil. Lift it tip. 

Rest elbow on desk. The first tiuger is on pen- 
cil, where the sharpening begins, or an inch and a 
halt from the point of pencil. The second finger 

touches at . The thumb is bent for a . The 

pencil covers the . The third and fourth are 

turned away for a . The psncil points to the 

. The wrist is . The arm rest is on . 

The left hand is on the . 

The class gives the words wanted to finish the 
sentences and suits the action to the word. 

The left hand takes the pencil oat of the right 
hand and places it in groove. The teacher collects 
material without help, for the present. 

Spotted Infancy. 

A teacher in the primary school of a Western city recently 
read to her pupils " The Old Oaken Bucket." After explain- 
ing it to them very carefully, she asked them to copy the 
first stanza from the blackboard and try to illustrate it by 
drawings, as the artist illustrates a story. Prett.v soon one 
little girl handed in her hook with several little dots between 
two lines, a circle, half a dozen dots and three buckets. 

" I do not understand this, Bessie," said the teacher. 
" What is that circle » " 

" Oh. that's the well," was the reply. 

" And why do you have three buckets? " 

" Oh, one is the oaken bucket, one is the iron-bound bucket, 
and the other is the bucket that hung in the well." 

" But what are the little dots • " 

" Why. those are the spots which my Infancy knew."— 
.v. Y. Scliuiil Journal. 

Public School Book Adoptions. 


Morris Run. Pa.— Spencerian Vertical Penmanship. 
Philadelphia. Pa.— Girard College : Spencerian Vertical 
Penmanship, American Vertical Penmanship. 
Com 111 cicff/l. 
Rochester, N. Y.— Heffley's Phonography. 

Combination Clubbing Rates. 

The regular edition of The Penman's Art Jour 
NAL, and yortr choice of the following Journals, will 
be mailed, one year, for SI. 3.5: Popular Etiuctitor. 
TcacJu-rs' Institute, Teachers' World, American 
Teacher, McClnre'a Magazine, Mnnseijs, Cosmopoli- 
tan ; any journal ■whose subscription price is not 
more than $1 will be included in above list^one 
year's subscription for both. Journal and your 
choice from list, for SI. 3.5. 

Method Edition of Art Eilncation (price. 7.'5 cents) 
and Regular Edition of The Journal, 90 cents. 
Complete Edition of Art Education (price, SL.'iO) 
and the Regular Edition of The Journal, Sl.'W. 
In combination with a periodical selling tor not less 
than .5'2. 50, The Journal will be included without 
extra charge. 

These rates will allow teachers to get two period- 
icals at practically the cost of one. The journals 
Jwill be sent to two different addresses if requested. 
These offers apply to new subscriptions or to renew- 
als. State in which class you come when you send 
in your subscription. 

Better Methods In Public Schools. 

What is needed more than a greater allowance of 
time for teaching writing and drawing in our public 
schools is better methods. A little more time 
wouldn't come amiss, bat it .should be properly 
used. Teachers should be required to have correct 
methods of teaching these two branches. If they 
haven't been trained for this work, start the training 
now. Engage a Supervisor to train the teachers, so 
that the teachers may teach the pupils. It will cost 
not to exceed S'2 a year per pnpil— a mere trifle com- 
pared with the resalts to be obtained. 

Pat a specialist in each Normal school next year. 
Teachers can be taught to write and draw and teach 
these subjects for about S5 per student. Think of 
the majority of our State Normal schools withhold- 


ing correi't methods in writing and drawing from 
their student-teachers because of the enormous cost 
of $.5 a student ! 

Normal schools, what are you going to do about 
it ? Public schools, what are yon going to do abont 

Shell fl^h belong to that division of the animal 
kingdom called the inollu.ica. We are speaking now 
only of oysters, clams, cockles, snails, mussels. &c. 
Even in this somewhat obscure and hidden division 
of the animal kingdom we .shall find most interest- 
ing and instructive surprises. Two hundred years 
ago the study of shells, called coneholngn, was very 

This was a study of shells rather than a study of 
animals. These shells many of them, it must be 
admitted, are intrinsically beautiful and they will 
always be objects of interest. 

To which, in silence hushed, his very eoul 
Listened intensely." 

" What is n sonnet ? 'TIs the pearly shell 

That murmurs of the far-off. murmuring sea ; 

A precious jewel carved most curiously ; 

It IS a little picture painted Well." —(iildor. 

In the moUusca the bodies are soft, having an ex- 
ternal hard shell instead of an internal bony struct- 
ure. It the shell is in one piece it is called a nni- 
ralve ; if the shell is double, the two parts being 
united by a hinge, it is called a bivatre. The enail 
is a univalve, while the clam is a bivalve. 

Fig. 1 of Plate XVIII represents a clam shell. 
Let the student practice first on a rather broad or 
round ellipse as a movement exercise. Fig. '2 shows 
an imperial volute. Sketch lightly a low cone for 
the general outline. Fig, 3 is also a volute form. 
requiring a longer cone for the outline. 

Fig 4 represents a St. James cockle shell, or scal- 
lop. A circle is the best general outline for it. Fig. 
.5 shows a cornucopia form, best outlined by a long 
slender cone. Fig. ti represents a snail whose shell 
is in the form of a spiral or helix curve. Practice 
the spiral curve as a movement exercise. Fig. 7 is 
a cone shell. 

Fig. H represents a European perch. Fig. 9 shows 
a flying fish in action. These are found in the trop- 
ical Atlantic waters. They do not have the power of 
true flight, but they can rise as high as 20 feet some- 
times and sail off to the distance of -500 or 600 feet. 
Fig. 10 pictures a red eye. Fig. 11 a skate. 

The following is an extract from a little girl's composition 
on " Boys " : '• When God looked at Adam ho said : ' Well, I 
think I can do better if I try again ! ' and then He made 
Eve,"-.V. y. .JiiiirMil. 

All Like The Journal. 

The .Tocrxal this year is fine. Was most tickled to 
death on receipt of the February nutnlier. 

Your '9.'* programme presents more gootl things than 
any other paper, book or school, to my knowledge. 

W. J. Mct'AKTV. Scio. Ohio, College. 

I have been a subscriber for the P. A. J. since '77 or '78, 
1 forget which, and each year it has been a s-urprise to me, 
and the Januaiy number, '95, added to my surprise. 1 am 
taking several other educational jonmals. but the P. A. J. 
always receives the warmest welcome. It is worth two 
times the ?1 that it cost-s. 

«. VV. Dix. Provo, Utah, Bus. Coll. 

1 luive always extended help to Thk JrH-u.\AL when I 
could, and felt that I was doing my pupil a great good 
whenever 1 could induce one to take it. I have read it 
since 187S. and its worth cannot be mea-sured in dollars and 

G. W. Wabe, Snpvr. Writing, Fort Worth, Tex. 


VTcC QL^icinjzO 

of Draw 

Department of Art Education. 


Waltiir 8. OrKidnouKh. Brooklyn, N. Y. . President. 
Mm. M E Riley. St. Loai». Mo . . Viee.Presideiit. 
MiMMyra Jones. Detroit, Mich Secretary. 


3 0Op.ii.-I. Presidents address. 

2. Art In the SeUoolroora through De<-oration and Works 
of Art. 

Mr. Boss Torner, Artist, Salem, Mass. 

Prof. LBDgdon S. Thompson, Supervisor of DrawiDK. 

Jersey Clly. N. J. 
Miss Stella Skinner. SiiperviE 

Haven, Conn. 
Qeneral discussion. 
.1. Report of special committee appointed at Denver 
uniler the following resolution : 

Ki-K^ilxi-d, That in view of the fact that the important 
reports of the (•ommitteH of Ten on courses of study fo the 
hiijh school, and of the Committee of Fifteen on courses of 
study for primnrv and urammar schools, so largely ignore 
the suljjact of art oilucation, u committee be appointed by 
the president of the art department to consider and report 
on the subject of art education in its relation to public edu- 
Committee : Prof. W S. Porry, Director Department of 

Fine Arts, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Dr. Walter L. Hcrvcy, President Teachers College. New 

York City. 
Supt. F. Treudley, Youngstown, Ohio. 
Mrs. Matilda E. Riley, Supervisor of Drawing, St. Louis, 

Supt. A. B. Blodgett. Syracuse, N. Y. 
4. Dlscui^sion of report. 
6. Appointment of committees. 

THirnSDAY. .Il'l.Y !1. 

a.lXIr.M.— 1. Discussion: Art in Education, not bb a Sorvunt 
of Science, \yit as Its Complement. 

Mr. William Hamilton Qib-on, Artist, New York. 

Miss Wilhelniena Seegmiller, Supervisor of Drawing. In. 
dianapolis, Ind. 

Prof. M. V. OShey, School of Pedagogy, University of 

:.'. General discussion. 

.'I. Informal round. table discusHton on subjects iirnposed by 

I. Business. Election of officers. Appointment of com- 

An < 

Not a Clean Case, 

" 1 want you " 

She handed n bundle of clothes to the cleaners. 

" to remove these stains of indelible ink." 

The superintendent of the establishment coughed. 

" Impossible, madam " 

Ho pushed the bundle back, geully, but firmly. 

" the dye is cast : " 

From the remarks that she made in an undertone it was 
evident that she was displeased about something.— A'. V. 


Nnn Pnuicisco .Man Wrili's nilh llulh Hands 

()UK Mooney, a cxjpyist in the county clerk s office, is 
the hiindiest man with a pen in the new city hall, says the 
San Francisco I'ltst. 

He performs ail sorts of feats that to the ordinary man 
appear marvelous. He is ambidextrous and writes a 


. # 


most beautiful hand, Humetimes a fine Kpt'ncenau, and 
other times a louud backhand that is like copper plate. 
Mooney copies the wills tiled into the record, and UHunlly 
writes the page on the left wde of the open book with his 
right hand and the next page with his left, ho that he al- 
ways has a reHt for hi** ai*m. 

When he tires of writing a running hand he turns the 
book a little and writes page after page in his backhand 
style. Mooney can take two pens, one in euch hand, and 
starting at a common point, can write two signatures 
simultaneonsl}, writing the one with h's lef t hand back- 
ward, and the signatures will ho almt>st exactly alike. 
He seems to do his thinking with his wrist, too, for he 
will write two entirely different names at the same time 
and with a dash and a flourish that is surprising, and oc- 
ciisionally he varies the monotony of his work by copying 
two different wills un opposite pages at the same time, 
or by commencing on the la^it letter of one will and copy- 
ing it backward with his left hand, while he copies an- 
other from the beginning with his right. 

Mooney is a jig dancer and takes no little pride in his 
ability to indite copies of the most complicated signatures 
iu the sand or sawdust on a barroom floor while dancing 
a lively jig. A few days ago, on a small wager, he imi- 
tated the signature of Henry Schcsselman on the floor of 
asaloon while dancing a jig blindfolded, and that by com- 
mencing at the very last letter and dancing it backward. 

YouHK Ideis' Shoots. 
•■Tea<'Iier. Teacher," crii-'d Johnnie Bland," Bobby DaMb 
fliOKed a ball out<j the school hmiwe r«>of : " " Jncorrect sen- 
tence." responded the teacher, nromptlv- " Can any one teJ! 
me what Johnnie should bave said :' " " Ycs'in V veiled haU 
a dozen boys in conceit. " He ouKbt ter have eaM. " Bobbv 
Dash chucked a' ball onto the school house roof ! ' "— iV. Y. 




NEW YORK, JUNE, 1896. 


School and personal 

— The commeDcemeut seiuion \% here again, aud The 
.loL-KNAr- IK ver>' forcibly reminded of it by the naraerous 
invitations received from our friends. A very handsome 
card was sent to us by J. E. Oustus, AugustADa B C., 

liock Island, III. fJoldey. Wilmington, Del., C. C, is 

sending out a very handsome card as usual. Other in- 
vitations have been received from the following schools; 
Hpencerian Bus. Coll., Washington, D. C. ; Missiesipni 
Indus. Inst. & Coll., Columbus. Miss. ; Chicago Bus. Coll., 
Chicago, 111. ; Centerville, la.. High School; Nora Springs, 
la.. Sem.: Packard's Bus. Coll., New York City ; State 
Normal School, Cape (Jirardeau, Mo. ; Wisconsin Bus. 
Univ., Milwaukee, Wis. ; Davis Mil. School, Winstou, 
N. (.'. ; Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Ind. 

— Among the new schools brought to our attention 
lately are tlie following; Hower City B. C, W. H. Halicy, 
Prop., Canandaigua, N. Y. ; ,San Diego, Cal., C. C . F. VV 
Kelsej', Prln. ; Cleburne Inst, H. G. Barnes & C. M. Gar- 
ritt, Prins , Kdwardsville, Ala. ; Mt. Carmel, Pa., B. C, 
G. W. Williams, Prop., F. W. OMalley, Prin. ; Hum- 
Iroldt, la, College, J. P. Peterson, Pres., A. L. Ronell, 
Vice Pres, ; Wyatt's Bus. Colleges, Jackson, Miss., and 
Meridian, Miss., L. A. Wyatt, Pres. ; Sistersville, W. Va , 
Nor. .School and Bus. Inst., Anna Skivingtou, Pres. & 
Prop., H. I. Renshaw, Prin. ; Buies Creek Acad. & Com'l 
School, Rev. J. A. Campbell. Prin., J. S. Pearson, Com'l, 
A. C. Holloway. Penman, .Jadson 
Peele, Telegraphy & Shorthand; 
Poo's, Harnett Co., N. C. ; Tipton, 
Ind., B. C, M. D. Sherrill, Prop., 
C W. Wales, Business Manager, 
Mrs, C. W. Walei), Shorthand, Mr. 
Hickman, Com'l and Pen. ; Lewis 
School of Sbortliand and Bookkeep- 
ing, W. S. Lewis, Prop., Camden, 
N. J. ; Practical School of Short- 
hand and Business Training, -IW 
Aborn St., Providence, R. I., B. M. 
lliuiiian. Prop. ; Bradford, Pa,, B. 
('., R. W. Murray, Prop W. H. 
Holmes, Com'l, Miss Alice McLaugh- 
lin, Shorthand ; Com'l School of 
Orangeburg, S. C, Coll. Inst., O. F. 
Hunter, Prin. ; Grand River Inst., 
AuBtinburg, O., Rev. R. G. McClel- 
land, A.M., Prin., Homer O. War- 
ren. Com'l and Pen.; Greensboro, 
N. C, B. C, E. J. Hodges & T. H. 
Lindsay, Prins. ; Indiana Nor. 
Univ., Princeton, Ind.. J. A. Cook, 
Mgr.; Moore's B, C„ Athens, Ga,, 
( '. F, Moore, Prin. ; Vincent's 
Ciini'l Coll., Cleburne, Tex., C. 
II. Vincent, Prop. ; Peiuuauship 
School, (ioldcn City, Ark.. Thomas 
Green, Prop. ; Anson, Tex.. C. C. 
G. L. Gordon, Prop. ; The Wilson 
B. C. Brockton. Mass.. Bliss & 
Wilson. I'rojw., T, T, Wilson, Prin, 
(',, G, W, Williams, Prop, 


ment, 'S.'! and '.-H. He re-entered the Gem City B. C. in 
'fH for business and penmanship courses. In isk^ he was 
employed as ^office assistant in the same institution. In 
Is.'S* he was given two 
classes in business pen- 
manship in addition to 
his office duties. In 
Aug\i,st, l.SOn, he was 
placed in charge of the 
penmanship depart- 
meat of this institu- 
tion, and this position 
he h.TS held ever since. 
His first writing les 
^ sous were received 

^l^ k IromC.L, Martin, who 

^^^k \ ^^^^ was a former student 

^^^^^H^\ ^^B^^ ;md late a teacher of the 
^■^■f^^^^^^H Gem City B. C. who 
was conducting an eve- 
ning school at that 
time. His finishing 
work in penmanship was under the guidance of Messrs. 
Mus.<;elman and Schofield. Mr. Behrensmeyer is married 
and has one daughter. He is a member of the Masonic 
order, and very popular among his friends and students. 
As a penman he ranks among the leaders in the country, 
and is perhaps the best all around writer ever turned out 
by that institution, which has done so much for penman- 
ship in this country— the Gem City Business College. 

— Cbas. S. McNulty is teaching a very successful pen- 
manship class in McDaniell, Va. 

— There is mail at this office for Clyde Jones, formerly 
of Mi.s,souri, late of King's B. C, Dallas, Texas. 

— Mr. Jno. J, Eagan is a democratic candidate for col- 
lector of Hoboken, N. J. 

— A Pottsville, Pa,, paper has quite a humorous and 
well-written article in regard to G. A. Transue, Prin. of 
the Pottsville Public Com'l School and his weights reduc- 
ing bicycle riding. By one year's riding he has reduced 
his weight from *247 to '2<)() pounds. Among other things 
the article says ; " There is no jollier man in the town 
than Prof. Transue, and the School Board has no more 

Sunbury, Pa., B. 

, '~ A,',"""P "'" '''iangi's "1 management of schools are 
the tollowini; ; D, Fullmer is now Prop, of Bliss B. C , 

Pitchbnrg, Muss, C. Edward Pusho has purchased the 

Central C, C„ Cumberland. Md,, ofc. W Mosser, J 

J, Swengle has purchased the interest of his partner G 
Elerding, in the Grand Porks, N, D,, Coll. of Com Mr 
Elerding is now located in Colo. ,1. C. Bowser has dis- 
posed of his interest in the Modern C. C, Erie, Pa to his 
(wrtner, S. F. Eckel. Mr. Bowser is at present located 
in tAilumbus, O. J. F. Waldron has sold the Shenan- 
doah, Pa. B. ('. t« F. E. Wood, who has changed the 

naine to Wood's B, C, Augtist Stossnieister has sold 

an interest in the Indianapolis, Ind,, Coll, of Com to 
^^ S, Perry, formerly of Wmfleld, Kans, M, D Fulton 

has resigned his teaching position in this school The 

Napa, Cal , Vniv, of the Pacific, conducted by the State 
M, E, Conference, will close permanently the end of the 
m-esent school year. A, R, Kipp had charge of the Com'l 

. — Among recent visitors to The Joirxal